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plants! of tf;e »opal 6arom$ of Heto, 





F.R.S., F.L.S, etc., 




(Or Vol. Cri. of the whole Work.) 


" Thou, my love, art perplexed with the endless seeming confusion 
Of the luxuriant band which in the garden is spread. 
Name upon name thou nearest, and in thy perplexity dreamest, 
While with a barbarous clang, one drives another along. 
Every form is alike, yet none resembles the other. 
Yet is the beautiful whole bound by a mystical bond. 
Bound by a mystical bond, O canst thou tell me, my loved one. 
What is the fortunate word by which the riddle is read ?"— After Schiller. 



[All rights reserved.'] 

Mo. B< 



gilbert and r1vington, printers, 
st. John's square. 




My dear Baker, 

I have great pleasure in dedicating- to you a 
volume of the Botanical Magazine, a work which has for 
several years past profited by contributions from your pen. 

I do this the more gladly, because it gives me the oppor- 
tunity of placing on record my sense of the zeal and efficiency 
with which you have for so many years conducted your duties 
in the institution to which we both are attached, and of the 
cordiality with which you have not only officially aided 
visitors during their researches in the Herbarium, but un- 
officially placed at their disposal your great stores of botanical 

Believe me, 

Most sincerely yours, 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 

Dec. 1st, 1880. 


'Aucent '3vook\ 

Tab. 6469. 
Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminosje. — Tribe Amheestie.e. 
Genus Bbownea, Jacq.; (Benth. et Jloolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 577.) 

Bkownea Ariza; ramulis racbi foliorutn foliolisqne glaberrimis, petiolulis villosis 
glabratisve, foliis 6-8-,jugis oblongo-lanceolatis abrupte caudato-acuminatis 
membranaceis subtus glaucis basi angustato incequali obtuso, jugorum inferi- 
orum foliolis brevioribus basi cordatis, floribus dense spicato-capitatis, oapitulia 
7 poll, diam., bvacteolis connatis extus sericeis calycis tubo inulto longioribus, 
petalis sepalis duplo longioribus obovato-oblongis obtnsis longe gracile unguiou- 
latis, filamentis petala subaequantibus 11 ad basin fere liberis glaberrimis, ovario 
molliter sericeo, stylo glaberrimo. 

B. Ariza, Benth. PI. Hartweg. p. 170. 

B. Princeps, Linden Catalogue, 1877, No. 98, p. 33. 

When for the first time a Broivnea flowered in this country 
(in the Edinburgh Botanical Garden in 1842), it was said 
of it, " Few things can exceed the elegance, or the richness 
of the colouring in the beautiful flowers of this shrub" 
(Graham in Bot. Mag. t. 3964). This applied to B. coccinea, 
now considered by far "the poorest thing" of the genus 
that has hitherto been cultivated in England, its heads of 
flowers being little over two inches in diameter. It was 
succeeded by B. grandiceps (flowered in 1855), which was 
pronounced, "Although far inferior in point of richness of 
colour of the flowers to B. coccinea, yet the quantity of 
flowers collected into an almost globose head nearly eight 
inches in diameter, gives this infinitely the advantage over 
that species " (Bot. Mag.t. 4839). Of B. Arissa, the third 
species that has flowered, it may truly be said, that it 
combines with the size of head of B. grandiceps the vivid 
colouring of B. coccinea. 

Brow nea Ariza is a native of New Grenada, having been 
discovered, about the year 1842, by the late Theodor Hart- 
weg, in forests of the province of Bogota, at an elevation of 
1400 feet above the sea, where it is called the Ariza by the 
inhabitants ; it was not however introduced by that traveller 

JANtJABY 1ST, 1880. 

into cultivation, though so stated by Paxton. The splendid 
specimen here figured was flowered by the late deeply- 
lamented Dr. Moore of Glasnevin, who was also the first to 
flower B. grandiceps. In a letter received with the plant 
from him in March of last year, he informed me that he re- 
ceived it from the Continent (presumably from Mr. Linden) 
under the name of B. Prinbeptt ; that it was then fourteen 
feet high, and flowered profusely every year. In another 
letter of later date he says, " Although the individual 
bunches of flowers are rather smaller than those of its rival 
B. grandiceps, their brilliant colour far surpasses it. Both 
are in flower here at present, B. grandiceps with upwards of 
fifty flowering bunches on it." 

The Brovmea Ariza of Paxton's Flower Garden, vol. ii. 
p. 59 (1351-2), copied in Lemaire's " Jardin Fleuriste," 
1. 1942, is a totally different plant from this, and apparently 
B. grandiceps. 

Descr. A tree thirty to forty feet high ; branches gla- 
brous, and petiole and rachis of leaf covered with brown 
shining bark, bearing small scattered smooth warts. Leaves 
one foot and more long ; rachis slender, bearing leaflets to 
the very base, there swollen into an oblong nob ; leaflets six 
to eight pairs, four to seven inches long, quite glabrous, mem- 
branous, glaucous beneath, uppermost pair the longest, ob- 
lanceolate, caudate-acuminate, narrowed to a rounded obtuse 
unequal base, the lowest pair much the shortest, cordate at 
the base ; petiolules very short, tumid, densely villous, at 
length glabrous. Flowers most densely spicate on a stout 
silky columnar rachis two inches long, forming a globose 
head of scarlet bracts sepals and petals six inches in dia- 
meter ; outer bracts coriaceous, pubescent, orbicular-reni- 
form, one to one and a half inches in diameter ; inner spa- 
thulate or oblanceolate, membranous, silky, as long as the 
flowers; bracteoles connate into a silky spathe enclosing 
the flower for more than half its length. Floivers two inches 
long. Calyx-tube sessile, glabrous, obconic. Sepals obovate- 
spathulate, more than half as long as the obovate-oblong 
obtuse petals, which have long slender claws. Stamens 
eleven; filaments free almost to the base, glabrous. Ovary 
densely villous with silky hairs ; style glabrous.— J. I). II. 

Fig. 1, section of flower and bructeokr snathe ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, stigma :— 
all enlarged. 

64 70. 


L. Reeve StC°Lon. >n 

Tab. (54/0. 
GENTIANA kurroo. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. GENTiANEiE. — Tribo Sweeties. 
Genus Gentiana, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 815. 

Gentiana (Pneumonantbe) Kurroo ; glaberrima, radice elongate crasso apico 
folioso, foliis subrosulatis anguste elongato lineari-oblongis v. lanceolatisobtusis 
v. subacutis coriaceis 1-3-nerviis, ramis floriferis e eollo ascendentibus v. basi 
prostratis 1-5-floris, foliis caulinis linearibus, calycis tubo infundibari- 
campanulato, lobis 5 basi diseretis linearibus fcubum aiquanttbus v. supcrantibus, 
corolla calyce duplo longiore campanulata lobis late ovatis acutis azureis albo 
conspersis plicis inter lobos integris dentatis v. furcatis. 

G. Kurroo, Boyle III. ffimal. PI. 278, t. 68, f. 2 ; Griseb. in DC. Prodr. vol. ix. 
p. 110. 

Pneumonantbe Kurroo, Don in Phil. Mag. 1836, p. 75, et in Trans Linn. Soc. 
vol. xvii. p. 510. 

A frequent inhabitant of the western temperate Himalaya, 
from Garwhal westward to Kashmir, at elevations of 5000 to 
8000 feet, where it is one of the most ornamental of the 
herbaceous perennials from the delicacy of its azure blossoms 
sprinkled with pearly white, and the brilliant green of its 
foliage. It is a near ally of the British G. Pneumonantlie, 
but a far handsomer plant. According to Dr. Royle, its 
native name in Garwhal is " Kurroo," and it is used as a 
medicine, no doubt from the bitter properties of the root. 

I am indebted to Mr. Bull for the beautiful specimen here 
represented, which he raised from seed, and flowered in 
October of last year. It had not before been introduced 
into cultivation, and will prove a very great acquisition to 
the rock-garden. 

Descr. Root as thick as the middle finger, and cylindrical 
when old, sometimes five to six inches long, covered with 
black rough bark, the crown bearing many tufts of leaves 
that spread horizontally. Leaves three to five inches long, 

JA.xr.vuy 1st, 1880. 

elongate linear- or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or acute, one- 
sixth to nearly one inch in diameter, concave, very coriaceous, 
bright green, midrib thick with sometimes a lateral very 
obscure nerve on each side ; cauline leaves numerous, nar- 
rowly linear, one-half to two inches long. Flowering stems 
ascending from the crown below the leaves, sometimes pros- 
trate for half their length, four to eight inches long, stout 
or slender, one to four flowered. Flowers erect or inclined, 
pedicelled, one and a half inches long. Calyx-tube between 
funnel- and bell-shaped, about one-third the length of the 
corolla-tube ; lobes as long as the tube, narrow linear, 
remote at the base. Corolla -tube narrowly campanulate; 
limb one and a half inches in diameter ; lobes five, broadly 
ovate, acute or acuminate, azure-blue, sprinkled towards the 
throat with white ; folds between the lobes very variable, 
membranous, quadrate and toothed or cut into subulate 
processes, or almost entire. Filaments stout ; anthers small. 
Ovary pedicelled, spindle-shaped, contracted into a short 
style with short oblong finally spreading stigmas. Ovules 
fusiform, produced at the apex. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of flower ; 2, summit of ovary, style, and stigmas ; 3, 
transverse section of ovary ; 4, ovules : — figs. 2-4 enlarged. 



Vmcent Brooks Day ^Sonimp 

Tab. 6471. 
PACHYSTOMAP Thomsonianum. 

Native of Western Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^:.— Tribe EpidendeejeP 
Genus Pachtstoma ? Blume ; {Reichb.f. in Walp. Ann. vi. 462.) 

Pachystoma? Thomsonianum ; rhizomate elongato, pseudobulbis depressis orbicu- 
latis tunicatis 1-foliatis, folio anguste elliptico-lanceolato utrinque acuminata 
membranaceo plicato, pedunculis a basi pseudobulbi ascendentibus folio brevi- 
oribus gracilibus pubescentibus 2-floris, spatbis 1 v. 2 ovato-lanceolatis, bracteis 
spathaceis subacutis ovario brevioribus, periantbio explanato, sepalis albis, dor- 
sali majore erecto oblongo-lanceolato acuminata marginibus infra medium 
recurvis, 2 lateralibus patenti-decurvis elongato-lanceolatis acuminatis apicibus 
recuryis, petalis albis horizontaliter patentibus sepalis lateralibus ajquilongis 
acuminatis, labelli lobis lateralibus erectis subquadratis carnosis cocbleatis intus 
rubro striolatis intermedio elongato triangulari in caudam elongatam sensim 
producto rubro-striato, columna suberecta apice rotundato, anthera deflexa 
cuneato-lanceolata, polliniis 8 parvis caudiculis elongatis connatis, glandula 
parva trigona. 

P. Tbomsonianum, Reichl.f. in Gard. Chron. 1879, ii. 582. 

I am quite unable to refer this beautiful little plant to any 
other described genus of Orchids than that in which Prof. 
Reichenbach has placed it, and shall leave it for Mr. 
Bentham to settle its position as he elaborates the genera 
of Orchideas for the "Genera Plantarum," a work upon 
which he is now engaged. Neither in habit nor in floral 
characters does it appear to me to accord with P achy stoma; 
and if the figure of the pollinia here given is correct, and I 
have no reason to doubt this (having supervised the artist 
when making the drawing and its analyses), it must be re- 
ferred to the Tribe Vandeoe,^ as now accepted, and not to the 
Epidendrece, to which the described species of Pachystoma 
truly belong. I think, however, it is a question how far the 
presence or absence of the so-called gland is of itself a safe 
ground on which to divide the Epidendrem from the Vandeai, 
more especially when it is considered that this appendage to 
the base of the pollen masses is formed of a portion of the 
column (the rostellum) that varies greatly in its nature and 
extent in different genera, so that Mr. Darwin remarks, that 
" the differences in the shape and size of the removed por- 

JANUAHY 1ST, 1880. 

tions of the rostellum can be finely graduated together, 
even within the single tribe of Vandece; and still more 
closely by commencing with the minute oval atom of mem- 
brane to which the caudicle of Orchis adheres, passing 
thence to Eabenaria bifolia to that of 11. ckforemtha with 
its drum-like pedicel, and thence through many forms to 
the great disc and pedicel of Cataseta." If the transition 
steps in the development of the appendages to which the 
pollinia attach themselves, can be thus traced from plants 
so different in this respect as Orchis and Oatasetum, how 
much easier must that be from Epidendrece to Vandece I 

The subject of the present plant is a very lovely one ; its 
graceful form, and the purity and brilliancy of its white, 
and the vividness of its reds, render it one of the most 
beautiful Orchids of its type and habit, which remind one a 
good deal of some Celogynes. It was sent from the west 
coast of tropical Africa (probably Old Calabar) by Mr. W. 
Kalbreyer, who desired that it should commemorate the 
services of the late G. Thomson, a well-known resident on 
that pestilent coast. I am indebted to Mr. Veitch for the 
loan of the specimen here figured, which flowered at the 
Royal Exotic Nurseries in October, 1879. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs seated on a running rhizome, one 
inch in diameter, orbicular, depressed, covered with mem- 
branous scales. Leaf solitary, six to eight inches long, 
lanceolate, acuminate, membranous, plaited. Peduncles one 
or two from the base of each pseudo-bulb, ascending, slender, 
pubescent, with one or two spathes, two-flowered ; bract 
sheathing, subacute. Flower three to three and a half inches 
across the petals ; perianth widely spreading. Sepals and 
petals pure white; dorsal sepal erect, oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate, margins reflexed below the middle ; lateral sepals 
smaller and narrower. Petals horizontal, lanceolate, acumi- 
nate. Lip trifid, side-lobes erect, conchoid, subquadrate, 
streaked with red inside ; mid-lobe elongate-triangular, one 
inch long, gradually tapering to a recurved point, white 
with broad red streaks. Golumn arched, semi-terete, green 
streaked with red. Anther deflexed, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse. 
Pollinia eight in two bundles, small, pyriform, their caudicles 
united into one thick one seated on a small gland. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower with sepals and petals removed; 2, column and lip ; 3, anther; 
1, pollinia: — all enlarged. 

Vincer.l 3rooksDay &.Soii Imp 

Tab. 6472. 
POLYGONUM afpinb. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Polygonace^:. — Tribe EupolygonEjE. 
Genus Polygonum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 97 [ined.].) 

Polygonum (Bistorta) affine; caule humili prostrato ligno bypogo rarnoso, ramis 
brevibus faseiculatis, foliis plerisque radicalibus anguste elliptico-lancoo- 
latis v. oblanceolatis obtusis v. acutis in petiolum brevem v. elongatum angus- 
tatis marginibus recurvis crispito-crenulatis tenuiter reticulatim venosis, 
caulinis parvis elliptico-lanceolatis acutis sessilibus, caulibus floriferis erectis 
4-8 pollicaribus foliosis, racemis spiciformibus aolitarlis cylindraceis compaetis, 
floribus roseis, periantbii explanati segmentis ellipticis v. obovatis obtusis, 
filamentis 8 stylisque 3 filifonmbus. 

P. affine, Don Prodr. p. 70 ; Babincjt. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 97. 

P. Donianum, Spreng. Syst., Cur. Post. p. 154. 

P. Brunonis, Wall. Cat. 1692 ; Boyle III. PI. Himal. p. 317, t. 80 ; Meissn. in 
Wall. PI. As. Bar. vol. iii. p. 54 ; Paxt. Fl. Gard. t. 37 ; Lemaire Jard. 
Fleur. t. 117. 

The erect herbaceous perennial Polygona of the section 
Bistorta, form one of the most beautiful features of the sub- 
Alpine Himalayan Flora, ornamenting the wet river banks 
and meadows, where growing amongst the grass they con- 
tribute much to the herbage, or hanging in rosy clumps from 
the moist precipices. P. affine is one of the latter set ; it 
abounds in the Himalayan valleys from Kumaon westward 
to Kashmir, growing at elevations of 9,000 to 14,000 feet, 
but has not been found in Nepal, as often stated. In the 
Eastern Himalaya and in the Khasia Mountains it is replaced 
by P. paleaceum, Wall., a plant not recorded in Meissner's 
monograph of the genus in De Candolle's Prodromus, and 
which is perhaps referable to his P. sphrerostachyum. An- 
other and a very beautiful ally of these is P. vacciniifolium, 
Wall. (tab. nostr. 4622), which is one of the most orna- 
mental rock-plants ever introduced into this country. 

Polygonum affine has been long cultivated at Kew, and 
flowers freely in the open border in September and October. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1880. - 

It was introduced into England in about 1845, I believe, 
through the late Dr. Royle's collectors, who were attached 
to the Saharumpore Gardens. 

Desob. Quite glabrous. Mootstock woody, tufted, pros- 
trate, branched, tip covered with the brown withered sti- 
pular sheaths, sending up several erect flowering stems and 
occasional prostrate leafy shoots. Leaves chiefly radical, 
two to four inches long, oblanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 
acute or obtuse, narrowed into a long or short and slender 
petiole ; margins recurved and minutely wrinkled, almost 
crenulate ; nerves reticulate ; stipules elongate, entire or 
sparingly split; cauline leaves much smaller, sessile, elliptic. 
Flowering stems six to eight inches high, stout or slender. 
Flowers in solitary terminal cylindric obtuse spiciform 
racemes, two to three inches long, by half to two-thirds of 
an inch in diameter, crowded ; bright rose-red, concealing 
the membranous obtuse sheathing stipuliform bracts ; pedi- 
cels fascicled often in fours, filiform, curved, rigid. Perianth 
one- sixth to one-fourth of an inch broad ; tube very shortly 
obconical ; segments broadly elliptic or obovate. Stamens 
eight, filaments filiform, equalling the perianth. Ovary 
trigonous; styles three, filiform; stigma punctiform. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of flower; 2, stamen ; 3, ovary ; 4, ovule : — all enlarged. 


x m 


nncen: 3: 

« &-C?Iondc 

Tab. 6473. 

A. NARCISSUS pallidums. 

B. NARCISSUS Geaellsii. 

C. NARCISSUS rupicola. 

Natives of Spain. 

Nat. Ord. Amartllidace-E. — Tribe Nabcisse.e. 
Genus Nabcissus, Linn.; {Baker in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 416.) 

A. Narcissus (Ganymedes) pallidulus ; bulbo parvo ovoideo, folio unico angus- 

tissime lineari glaucescente synanthio, scapo gracillimo tereti 1-2-floro, floribus 
cernuis longe pedicellatis, perianthii pallide sulphurei tubo elongate subcylin- 
drico, segmentis lanceolatis, reflexis tubo subaequilongis, corona cyatbiformi 
pallide sulpburea segmentis paulo breviori ore integro, staminibus 3 cum stylo 

N. pallidulus, Graells Pa-mill, vol. i. p. 20, t. 8 ; Willie, et Lange Prodr. Flor. 
Hisp. vol. i. p. 153. 

N. triandrus, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 686, ex parte. 

B. Nabcisstjs (Corbularia) Graellsii ; bulbo globoso, foliis 2-4 anguste linearibus 

synanthiis, scapo brevi tereti unifloro, flore suberecto breviter pedicellate, peri- 
antbii pallide sulphurei tubo elongato infundibulari, segmentis lanceolatis laxe 
ascendentibus tubo brevioribus late viridi vittatis, corona sulphurea late cyathi- 
formi segmentis asquilonga ore crenulato, staminibus omnibus cum stylo 

N. Graellsii, Graells PI. Hor. p. 8 ; Ramill. t. 5 ; Willie, et Lange Prodr. Fl. 
Hisp. vol. i. p. 150. 

Corbularia Graellsii, Webb in Bourg. PI. Hisp. JExsic. No. 2281. 

C. Nabcisstjs (Queltia) rupicola ; bulbo subgloboso, foliis 2-4 anguste linearibus 

glaucescentibus synanthiis, scapo tereti unifloro, flore erecto brevissime pedicel- 
late, perianthii lutei tubo elongato subcylindrico, segmentis oblongis cuspidatis, 
tubo duplo, brevioribus flore expanso patulis, corona brevi aurantiaca ore pro- 
funde 6-lobato, stylo incluso, antheris subsessilibus. 
N. rupicola, Dufour in Poem, et Schultes Syst. Veg. vol. vii. p. 958 ; Graells 
Ramill. vol. i. p. 17, t. 7 ; Willie, et Lange Prodr. Fl. Hisp. vol. i. p. 152. 

N. apodantbus, Boiss. et Pent. Biag. p. 25. 

These are three Narcissi that stand widely apart from 
one another in their botanical characters, but which we 
have grouped together because they come from the same 

rANCABT 1st, 1880. 

country, and flower about the same time. They are all 
natives of the mountains of Central Spain, at an elevation 
above sea-level of from two thousand to four thousand 
feet; and are all three figured in the "Ramilletes de 
Plantas Espanolas" of Graells, published at Madrid in 
1859. For the specimens here drawn we are indebted to 
Mr. G. Maw, who has cultivated them successfully at 
Broseley, and distributed bulbs with his usual liberality. 
In their native mountains they flower in April ; rupicola, 
which ascends higher than the two others, reaching over 
into June. 

Desce. N. pallidulus. Bulb ovoid, about half an inch 
in diameter, with a cylindrical sheath produced less than 
an inch above its neck. Leaf single, suberect, very narrow, 
glaucescent, channelled down the face, as long as the 
scape. Scape very slender, terete, half a foot or a foot 
long, bearing one or two drooping flowers on elongated 
pedicels. Perianth pale sulphur-yellow ; tube subcylindri- 
cal, half or three-quarters of an inch long ; segments 
lanceolate, reflexed, as long as the tube; corona cyathi- 
form, the same colour as the perianth, rather shorter than 
the segments, truncate at the throat. Three longer 
stamens and the style a little exserted from the corona ; 
the three other anthers nearly sessile at the throat of the 

N. Graellsii. Bulb globose, half or three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter, with a cylindrical sheath produced an 
inch above its neck. Leaves two or four to a bulb, narrow 
linear, often overtopping the flower. Scape one to three 
inches long, always bearing only a single suberect flower, 
on a very short pedicel. Perianth pale sulphur-yellow; 
tube funnel-shaped, half or three-quarters of an inch long ; 
segments lanceolate, loosely ascending, not more than half 
as long as the tube, furnished with a broad keel of green, 
which runs down the tube. Corona cyathiform, about 
half an inch long and broad, the same colour. Stamens 
and style declinate, all about the same length, and pro- 
truded from the corona. 

N. rupicola. Bulb ovoid or subglobose, half or three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter, with a cylindrical sheath 

produced an inch above its neck. Leaves two or four to a 
bulb, narrow linear, glaucescent, about as long as the scape. 
Scape slender, terete, a quarter or half a foot long, bearing 
a single erect flower on a very short pedicel. Perianth 
bright lemon-yellow; tube subcylindrical, greenish, half or 
three-quarters of an inch long ; segments oblong, spreading, 
cuspidate, half as long as the tube. Corona cup-shaped, 
orange-yellow, less than half as long as the perianth-seg- 
ments, the throat with three deep rounded dentate lobes. 
Anthers all six nearly sessile in the perianth-tube. Style 
much shorter than the perianth-tube. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, section of a flower of N. pallidulus ; 2, section of a flower of N. 
Graellsii ; 3, section of a flower of N. rupieola : — all enlarged. 


VmrxntBrouka Day 8c Son liii] 

Tab. 6474. 

ARIS^EMA utile. 

Native of the SikHm Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Aeoideje.— Tribe Aeisaeeje. 
Genus Aeis^ma, Mart.; {Schott. Pvodv. Si/st. Avoid, p. 24.) 

ABisjEMi (Trisecta) utile; dioicum, foliis 2-nis 3-folioIatis, petiolo robusto viridi 
toliohs subsessilibus v. breviter crasse petiolulatis patentibus lateralibus late 
ovatis v. triangulan-ovatis terminali transverse) late oblongo, omnibus cuspidal is 
margimbus flavidis creberrime undulatis, nervis purpurascentibus subtus 
prominuhs, pedunculo petiolo multo breviore viridi, spatha 5-6-pollicari tubo 
eylindraceo brunneo multi-costato costis virescentibus, lamina decurva ampla 
c-4-poll. lata brunnea cruciatim crasse venosa venis virescentibus apice rotun- 
da a v. emarginata v. 2-loba medio cuspidata, spadicis masculi parte florifera 
palhdepurpurascente,antberissparsis 4-locularibus longe stipitatis parte sterili 
elongato conieobasi ampliato lobulato apice in filum longissirnum filiforme 
purpureum desinente, spadicis fceminei parte florifera conica ovariis ovoideis 
dense operta, strlis crassis. 

A. utile, HooJc.f. mss. Schott, Prodr. Syst. Avoid. 30 ; Englev in A. DC. Mononr 
Phanevog. vol. ii. p. 537. 

Under A. nepenthoides (tab. 6446) I stated that several 
other Himalayan species of this genus remained to be pub- 
lished from figures made from specimens introduced into 
cultivation by Messrs. Elwes, Gammi, King, &c, and that 
amongst them was the A. utile. This, on account of its 
being the most common of those of which the tubers are 
collected for food by the hill tribes of Sikkim, is the most 
interesting species of the genus, though it falls short in 
stature of the A. Eooherianum, a figure of which will shortly 
appear in this work. A. utile is the plant specially alluded 
to in the following extract from the " Himalayan Journals," 
vol. ii. p. 49 : — " My tent was pitched on a broad terrace, 
opposite the junction of the Zemu and Thlonok, and 10,850 
feet above the sea. It was sheltered by some enormous 
transported blocks of gneiss, fifteen feet high, and sur- 
rounded by a luxuriant vegetation of most beautiful rhodo- 
dendrons in full flower, willow, white rose, white-flowered 
cherry, thorn, maple, and birch. Some great tuberous- 
rooted Arums were very abundant; and the ground was 
covered with small pits, in which were large wooden pestles : 
these are used in the preparation of food from the Arams, 
to which the miserable inhabitants of the valley have re- 
course in spring when their yaks are calving. ■ The roots 

FEBBUAET 1ST, 1880. 

are bruised with the pestles, and thrown into these holes 
with water. Acetous fermentation commences in seven or 
eight days, which is a sign that the acrid poisonous principle 
is dissipated : the pulpy, sour, and fibrous mass is then 
boiled and eaten ; its nutriment being the starch which 
exists in small quantities, and which they have not the skill 
to separate by grating and washing. This preparation only 
keeps a few days, and produces bowel complaints, and loss 
of the skin and hair, especially when insufficiently fermented. 
Besides this, the ' choklibi ' (Tovaria ohvacea, tab. 6313), 
and many other esculents, abounded here ; and we had 
great need of them before leaving this wild uninhabited 

The drawing here published was made from a specimen 
sent to me by H. J. Elwes, Esq.,F.L.S., of Preston House, 
Cirencester, who himself introduced it from Sikkim; it 
flowered at the same time (June 14, 1879) in the Royal 
Gardens, from roots presented by Mr. Elwes. The species 
is common in the forests of Sikkim, at elevations of 8000 
to 12,000 feet, flowering in May and June. 

Descr. Tubers as large as a walnut, or larger. Leaves in 
pairs from the roots ; petiole a foot long, and as thick as 
the middle finger, cylindric, green ; leaflets three, all very 
shortly stoutly petiolulate or sessile, bright green with 
yellowish wrinkled margins and purplish nerves which are 
very prominent beneath ; middle leaflets broader than long, 
five to eight inches in diameter, cuspidate, base cuneate; 
lateral leaflets trapezoid-ovate, acute or cuspidate. Peduncle 
much shorter than the petiole, as stout, green. Tube of 
sjmthe three to four inches long, red-brown with greenish 
ribs ; lamina decurved, rarely suberect, much dilated, three to 
four inches across, red-brown, diagonally barred with raised 
green broad veins, middle portion tumid with parallel ribs, 
apex deeply lobed or emarginate, with a cusp in the sinus. 
Male spadix; flowering portion columnar, pale purple with 
scattered stipitate four-celled anthers ; naked portion (or 
appendix) dirty purple, elongate, conical, dilated and lobed 
at the base, the apex terminating in a purple filiform tail 
eight inches long, which in the young state of the plant is 
enclosed in one of the segments of the leaf. Female spadix 
with a much stouter conical flowering portion thickly covered 
with ovoid ovaries, ending in short thick styles. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, plant reduced ; 2, male spadix of the natural size. 



"VmcentBrooks Day LSoti Iot> 

I Reeve &l C°London 

Tab. 6475. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. LiLiACEiE.— Tribe TuLiPEiE. 
Genus Calochoetus, Parsl. (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 308.) 

Calochortus (Macrodenus) Benthami ; bulbo ovoideo, tunicis extorioribus finnii 
brunneis supra collum productis, folio proprio unico lineari supra caulis basin 
inserto inflorescentiam eminente, floribus 3-0 laxe corymbosis, pedicellis elon- 
gates basi foliis reductis bracteatis floriferis ascendentibus fructiferis cernun, 
penanthii lutei segmentis exterioribus pallidioribus oblongis aoutis glabris, 
interioribus obovatis vel orbicularibus aurantiacis basi cuneatis facie ubique pilis 
glanduliferis vestitis supra basin conspicue foveolatis, antheris Iinearibos apicu- 
latis filamento sequilongis, ovario oblongo, stigmatibns sessilibus fulcatis, 
capsulis oblongis lobis tribus profundis acutis angustis. 

C. Bentbami, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 304 ; S. Wats, in Proc. 
Amer. Acad. vol. xiv. p. 262. 

Cyclobotbra elegans var. lutea, Benth. PI. Ilartweg. p. 338. 

Calochortus nitidus, Wood in Proc. Acad. PJiilad. 1868, p. 169, non Bougl. 

This little Calochortus is a close ally of G. elegans, which 

is pretty well known in English gardens, bnt differs by its 

yellow flowers. For garden purposes the species of this 

Macrodenus section are not so effective as the larger more 

open-flowered Mariposas, such as venustus, luteus, citrinus, 

and splendens, but the flowers are less fugitive. The present 

species is an inhabitant of the Sierra Nevada chain of 

mountains in California. It was first gathered by Hartweg 

in the year 1848, and has since been distributed by Fremont, 

Lobb, and other collectors. We first received it alive from 

Mr. Elwes in 1877. The drawing was made from a plant 

that flowered with Dr. Wallace at Colchester in June, 1879. 

Descb. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter, with firm 

brown outer tunics produced some distance above its neck. 

Stem, including inflorescence, rising half a foot to a foot 

above the surface of the soil. Leaf single, linear, glabrous, 

FCRBL'ARY 18T, 1880. 

green, six or twelve inches long, inserted on the stem a 
short space above its base, much overtopping the flowers. 
Flowers, three to six in a lax corymb; pedicels long, flexuose, 
erect when the flower expands, nodding in the bud stage 
and in fruit, subtended each by a large linear bract similar 
to the leaf in texture. Perianth nine or ten lines long, 
bright yellow ; outer segments lemon-yellow, oblong, acute, 
glabrous, furnished sometimes with a claret-brown spot at 
the base ; inner segments obovate or suborbicular, cuneate 
at the base, orange-yellow, clothed all over the face with 
concolorous glandular hairs, and each furnished at the base 
with a conspicuous gibbous claret-brown foveole. Stamens 
as long as the ovary ; anthers lemon-yellow, linear, cuspi- 
date, equalling in length the flattened filaments. Ovary 
oblong, about a third as long as the perianth, furnished at 
the apex with three small falcate sessile stigmas. Capsule 
oblong, half or three-quarters of an inch long, with three 
deep acute lobes. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, section of an entire flower ; 2, 3, glandular hairs from the face of the 
petals ; 4, a single stamen ; 5, horizontal section of the ovary ; 6, pistil, taken from 
a bud : — all more or less enlarged. 


>, : ^' 



VincentBroote Day &-Son Imp 

I "Reeve &,C° London 

Tab. 6476. 

POLYGONUM compactum. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. PoLTGONACEiE.— Tribe Polygone*:. 
Germs Polygonum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 99, ined. 

Polygonum (Pleuropterus) compactum ; caulibus decumbentibus, ramis suberectis 
rigidis sulcatis foliosis, foliis glabris breviter petiolatis late ovatis breviter cus- 
pidatis rigidis basi late truncato-cordatis, marginibus undulatis, nervis subtus 
reticularis^ ocbreis brevissiruis deciduis, racemis axillaribus et terminalibus 
erectis strictis_ gracilibus simplicibus multifloris puberulis, floribus confertis, 
bracteis minutis obtusis multifloris, pedicellis capillaribus basin versus articu- 
latis, periantbio fructifero _ cuneato, segmentis 3 exterioribus auctis carina 
dorsali in alam latam in pedicello desinentem expansa, stigmatibus 3. 

P. cuspidatum, Sieh. et Zucc, var. compactum, Hort. 

The Japanese and 1ST. Chinese Polygonums of the section 
Pleuropterus, are amongst the most ornamental herbaceous 
plants of the garden ; some of them, as P. cuspidatum and 
SachaMense, throwing up, in the summer time, branches so 
numerous, long (often eight feet high), and strong, as to 
become truly bushes. They are of graceful habit, easily 
grown, perfectly hardy, and increase by underground 
suckers with such rapidity that the larger sorts are apt 
to prove troublesome monopolists of the soil. Of these 
Polygonums the two named above are commonly culti- 
vated, and both are erect; a third is a climber, the P. 
multiflorum, Thunb. To these must be added the subject 
of the present plate, which has long been cultivated at Kew 
under the name of P. compactum, and which, though closely 
allied to P. cuspidatum, and possibly a form of it, differs in 
its dwarf size, decumbent lowly habit, small rigid leaves with 
waved margins, and strict erect simple female racemes. 
Like all its near allies, as far as I have observed them, it is 
dioecious, the male plants having stamens which are longer 
than the perianth, and a minute rudiment of an ovary 
without stigmas, and the females having very short stamens 

eehrtjaey 1st, 1880. 

with imperfect anthers without pollen, and a well-formed 
trigonous ovary bearing three short stigmas fimbriate at the 
apex. Besides the form figured here, a similar one in habit 
and foliage is grown at Kew, with the flowers all male, 
rose-coloured, much more loosely racemose, and with a 
tendency in the racemes to throw out very short lateral 
branches : this plant I suspect to be the male of P. com- 

< The only specimen of P. compactum which I have found 
m the Kew Herbarium were fruiting ones collected on the 
mountain Fusiyama, received from Sir R. Alcock, K.C.B., 
m 1860 from whom, in all probability, the seeds also were 
procured ; like all its allies, it flowers very late in the season, 
the specimen figured being in blossom almost till the end 
of beptember. 

Descr. Stems prostrate, one to two feet long, with 
ascending and suberect branches as high, deeply grooved, 
dark red or red-brown, puberulous towards the tips, as are 
tne petioles and racemes. Leaves one and a half to two 
inches long and broad, rigid, deltoid or very broadly ovate, 
base broadly truncate or subcordate with a very open sinus, 
cuspidate, margins waved, uppermost sometimes cuneate at 
the base ; petiole a quarter to half an inch long, stout, red ; 
ochrea very short deciduous. Racemes axillary and terminal, 
two to three inches long, strict, erect, solitary or several 
together; rachis slender with close-set short obtuse many- 
flowered bracts. Male flowers white, on slender pedicels ; 
perianth one-tenth- of an inch long, subglobose ; fruiting 
perianth one-third of an inch long, cuneate, truncate j thre? 
outer segments with a broad membranous longitudinal dorsal 
wmg produced downwards on the pedicel. Stamens eight, 
3l ,'i T e ^ S haK aS l0n S ^ the perianth ; anthers 
Z' B w 0Up0llen ' .^ary ellipsoid, trigonous; stigmas 
three, short, truncate, tips fimbriate.—/. D. II. 


AE delJ^l 




Brooks Ddy &. Son imp 

Tab. 6477. 

MAXILLARIA porphyeostele. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide-ZE.— Tribe Vande^e. 
Genus Maxillabia, Buizet Pav.; {Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 150.) 

Maxillaeia (Uniflora) porphyrostele ; acaulis, pseudobulbis ovoideo-orbiculatis 
compressis subsulcatis lateribus obtusis, foliis 2 ligulatis obtusis basi angus- 
tatis, seapis radicalibus 1-floris, bracteis vaginantibus viridibus subacutis inferne 
imbricatis supremo subcueullato obtuso ovarium subaequante, sepalis subacutis 
incurvis stramineis dorsali oblongo vix fornicato, lateraJibus subdeflexis basi 
latioribus, petalis angustioribus ascendentibus incurvis linearibus subacutis 
stramineis medio basin versus purpurascente, mento obtuso, labello trilobo, lobis 
lateralibus auriculreformibus erectis marginibus incurvis aureis purpureo striatis, 
intermedio orbiculari-oblongo obtuso planiusculo basi callo tubercukeformi 
aucto pallide aureo, columna purpurea. 

M. porpbyrostele, Reichb.f. in Gard, Chron. 1873, p. 978. 

A native of the Rio Grande de Sul province of Brazil, 
whence it was imported by Mr. Bull, with whom it first 
flowered in 1873. Its nearest ally is the M. picta, Hook., 
figured at Tab. 3154 of this work, a native of the Organ 
Mountains (Rio de Janeiro), and which differs in thepseudo- 
. bulbs, fewer bracts, and in the colouring of the much larger 
very sweet-scented flowers. Both belong to the largest 
section of the genus, many of which have a good deal the 
habits of Indian Coelogynes, which genus Maxillaria in 
some respects represents in America. Reichenbach describes 
the pseudo-bulbs of this species as covered with numerous 
wrinkles, which not being the case in the specimen here 
figured, is probably due to a want of ripening, or to a too 
advanced state of that organ, which in a healthy condition 
is perfectly smooth. The flowers, which are copiously pro- 
duced, have no scent, but owing to their bright golden 
colour the plant is a very attractive one. The specimen 
figured is from a plant about a foot in diameter, which is 
covered with flowers in the early months of the year. 

Besce. Pseudo-bulbs one inch long and hardly so broad, 

febbuaey 1st, 1880. 

orbicular-ovoid, compressed, with blunt margins, obscurely 
grooved, quite smooth and even, not contracted into a neck; 
spatlies narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, brown, equalling 
the pseudo-bulb. Leaves two from each pseudo-bulb, five 
to seven inches long by one half an inch broad, obtuse, 
keeled, narrowed at the base, deep green, midrib yellowish. 
Scapes from the base of the pseudo-bulb, much shorter than 
the leaves, one-flowered, with four to six green subacute 
sheathing bracts, the lower of which are imbricate ; the 
uppermost is three-quarters of an inch long, rather inflated, 
obtuse, almost as long as the ovary. Flowers about one and 
a quarter inch broad, pale golden-yellow within, with a 
purple median stripe towards the base of the petals, paler 
without. Sepals incurved, dorsal arching, linear-oblong, 
subacute ; lateral more lanceolate, much broader at the base, 
somewhat deflexed. Petals shorter than the sepals, ascend- 
ing and incurved, their tips meeting under the dorsal sepal, 
narrowly linear- oblong, subacute. Lip rather shorter than 
the petals, three-lobed, claw short, sharply incurved; lateral 
lobes ear-shaped, erect, margins incurved, yellow streaked 
with purple ; mid-lobe larger, orbicular-oblong, tip rounded, 
nearly flat, with a tubercular callus at the base, pale golden- 
yellow. Column slender, purple. Pollen-masses two, 
ellipsoid, each furrowed in front; caudicle short, small, 
subglobose ; gland ragged. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Column (misrepresented) and lip ; 2, column ; 3, lateral view of lip and 
column ; 4 and 5, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



YincentBiook* Day & Son Imp 

L Reeve &. C<? Londc 

Tab. 6478. 
PHYTEITMA comosum. 

Native of the Austrian Alps. 

Nat. Ord. Campaxflace^:. — Tribe Campanule^e. 
Genus Phyteuma, Linn.; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 561.) 

Phttetjma (Synotoma) comosum; glabrum, caulibus e rhizomate ramoso gracilibus 
decumbentibus dein ascendentibus simplicibus, foliis polymorphis radicalibus 
cordatis v. orbicularibus longe gracile petiolatis, caulinis brevius petiolatis 
lanceolatis ovatis ellipticis ovato-lanceolatisve omnibus grosse et argute den- 
tatis, floribus umbellatine capitatis, capitulo bracteis foliaceis involucrato, 
calycis lobis filiformi-subulatis, corolla basi inflata subglobosa 5-rimosa dein in 
tmbum tenuem ore minuto desinente, ovario 2-loculari. 

P. comosum, Linn. Sp. PL vol. i. p. 242; DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 450; Jacq. FL 
Austr. Append, t. 50 ; Reich. Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. xix. 1. 1579 ; Sturm Deutsch. 
Flora, vo!. vi. t. 22 ; Trattn. Arckiv. t. 364. 

A very rare and interesting little plant, hardy, and for 
the first time introduced into cultivation in Britain by 
George Maw, Esq., F.L.S., who procured roots, at Monte 
Tombea in the Southern Tyrol, and transporting them to 
his rich collection at Benthall Hall, flowered them in July of 
last year. As a species it is unique in the genus as to the 
form of the corolla, the lobes of which are free only in the 
inflated basal part, and are above that combined into a very 
slender tube, with an entire or merely toothed mouth, which 
closely sheaths the style ; in all the other species of the 
genus, of which there are between forty and fifty, the 
corolline lobes, though coherent for a considerable period 
before fertilization is effected, are finally free. In P. comosum 
the openings at the base of the corolla are no doubt efficient 
promoters of cross-fertilization, for insects seeking the 
honey secreted by the disk capping the ovary, would ine- 
vitably carry away pollen with them, wherewith to dust 
the forest of exserted stigmas. 

P. comosum is a native of the Eastern Alps of Austria, 
Lombardy, Istria, Dalmatia, and Transylvania, where it 
inhabits elevations of 4000 to 5000 feet, its favourite site 

FEBBUABT 1ST, 1880. 

being on dry rocks. The specimen figured is a very small 
one ; those preserved in the Herbarium have radical leaves 
an inch broad on capillary petioles three to five inches long, 
and heads of flowers three inches in diameter, and there are 
often thirty to forty flowers in a head. 

Dbsob. A perfectly glabrous herb. Root-stock short, 
woody, branched. Stem, many from the root, slender, de- 
cumbent, then ascending, three to five inches long. Leaves, 
radical on filiform petioles three to six inches long ; blade 
orbicular or cordate, one to one and a half inches in 
diameter, deeply coarsely acutely toothed ; cauline two to 
five inches long, lanceolate elliptic or ovate, narrowed into 
a long or short petiole, coarsely toothed like the radical 
leaves, the teeth sometimes a quarter of an inch long. 
Flowers ten to thirty, forming an umbellif orm terminal head, 
involucrate by sessile or petioled broad or narrow leaves ; 
pedicels a quarter of an inch long. Calyx-tube small, cylin- 
dric ; teeth filiform, one-eighth of an inch long. Corolla 
three-quarters to one inch long, curved ; inflated portion 
pale lilac with five slits ; tubular portion darker purple, 
very slender, closely embracing the style ; mouth entire or 
five-toothed. Stamens with slender glabrous filaments, 
rather shorter than very slender subulate anthers. Ovary 
two-celled ; style very long, the exserted portion equalling 
the corolla-tube in length, pubescent ; stigmas two, long or 
short, slender, papillose. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, vertical section of ovary and calyx, with portion of base of 
corolla, stamens, and style ; 3, stamen ; 4, apex of style and stigmas: — all enlarged. 


'. Fitch, Lttfi 

L.Reeve 8c C° London 

Tab. 6479. 
rubus phcenicoiiasius. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rubers. 
Genus Rijbus, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iv. p. (516.) 

Rr/Bus phcenicolasim ; caulibus elongatis teretibus cum petiolis costa foliorum 
pedunculisque tomentellis et setis glanduliferis rectis elongatis patentibus rubro- 
purpureia dense obsitis, setis caulinis inferioribus demum eglandulosis cam 
aculeis incaule fertili recurvis in sterili rectis tenuibus immixtis, foliis pinnatim 
3-folioktis, foliolis superne glabris subtus niveo-tomentosis crenato-Berratis 
lateralibus sessilibus late oblique ovatis acuminatis, terminali simplici ovato 
acuminato v. majore latiore et 3-5-lobo, basi rotundato v. cordato, stipulis 
linearibus persistentibus, racemis terminalibus et axillaribus, floribuslongiuscule 
pedicellatis, calycis segmentis elongato-lanceolatis petala minuta obovata longe 
superantibus, fructu succulento rubro, carpellis numerosis. 

R. pbosnicolasius, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Imp. St. Petersb. viii. 303. 

? R. occidentalis, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 216. 

A singularly handsome bramble, introduced from Japan 
into Europe by Dr. Maximovicx, and communicated to us 
from the Jardin des Plantes of Paris by M. Decaisne. For 
the first year it was put in the open ground amongst the 
hardy species of Rubus, but being nearly killed during the 
succeeding winter, I transferred it to the Temperate House, 
where it thrives luxuriantly in an open border, climbing a 
pole ten feet high, and would much higher if allowed, 
flowering in Midsummer and bearing in autumn a profusion 
of scarlet berries. It is, no doubt, allied, as its author 
observes, to the common Raspberry, which is also a native 
of Japan, but differs in its climbing habit, racemose flowers, 
and petals, and in the fruit, which, though eatable, is 
mawkish. The flowers are very inconspicuous, owing to 
the small size of the petals ; and the calyx lobes, which close 
over the ripening fruit, spread out again horizontally when 
the latter is ripe. 

MARCH 1ST, 1880. 

Descr. Stem tall, subscandent, round, robust below ; 
branches slender, together with the petioles midrib of the 
leaflets beneath, peduncles and calyx clothed with close-set 
long spreading stiff gland tipped red-purple hairs, which in 
the lower part of the stem are giandless, and are mixed 
with slender straight or recurved prickles. Leaves five to 
seven inches long, pinnately 3-foliolate, or uppermost simple, 
petiole and rachis slender; leaflets green and glabrous 
above, covered with snow-white tomentum beneath, crenate- 
serrate ; lateral sessile, ovate, acute ; terminal larger and 
similar, or broader and three- to five-lobed; base rounded 
or cordate; stipules linear, persistent. Racemes terminal 
and eight- to ten-flowered, or shorter few-flowered and 
axillary. Flowers pedicelled, pedicels a quarter to three- 
quarters of an inch long; bracts linear. Calyx one and a 
half to two inches in diameter, segments spreading in 
flower, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate. Petals minute, 
erect, between spathulate and trapezoid, crenate, claw 
ciliate, pale rose-red. Stamens very short. Carpels hairy. 
Fruit ovoid-oblong, three-quarters of an inch long, of forty 
or more ellipsoid scarlet glabrous drupes. Seed rugose.— 
/. D. II. 5 

Fig. 1, glandular hairs and prickles from lower part of branch ; 2, petal ; 3, 
stamens ; 4, carpels ; 5, fruit :— all but Jig, 5 enlarged. 

Tab. 6480. 

Native of Venezuela and New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeliace^:. — Tribe Pitcairnie^:. 
Genus Pitcaienia, L'Herit.; (K. Koch in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 78). 

Pitcaienia Andreana; acaulis, foliis basalibus rosulatis, exterioribus rudimentarns 
nullo modo spinosis, interioribus productis 4-6 loratis aeutis integns pedahbus 
vel sesquipedalibus facie viridibus cohspicue albo-lepidotis dorse- subtihter per- 
sistenter albo-lepidotis, pedunculo brevi lepidoto foliis paucis consimihbus 
reductis prsedito, racemo simplici compacto paucifloro, pedicellis brevibus 
ascendentibus, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, sepalis lanceolatis viridibus tenuiter 
lepidotis, petalis oblanceolatis obtusis splendide rubro-luteis calyce tnplo toogi- 
oribus, genitalibus petalis sequilongis. 

P. Andreana, Linden in III. Sort. New Series, vol. xx. t. 139. 

P. lepidota, Regel in Act. Sort. Petrop. vol. ii. p. 435. 

This new Pitcaimia is remarkable in the genus for its 
dwarf habit, broad entire mealy leaves, and simple close 
raceme of very large bright-coloured flowers, which shade 
off from scarlet to bright yellow. -One of its nearest allies 
is P.ftavescens, figured Bot. Mag. tab. 6318, a species which 
I find by comparison with an authenticated example kindly 
lent to us by the late Dr. Karl Koch, to be identical with 
the earlier-named P. xanthocalyx of Martius. The present 
plant was introduced by Linden in 1872 from the province 
of Choco in New Granada, and about the same time was 
sent home from Venezuela by Roezl. Our drawing was 
made from a specimen that flowered at Kew in July, 18/9, 
which was received from Dr. Kegel. 

Desce, Whole plant under a foot high. Leaves aggre- 
gated in a basal rosette, the outer undeveloped ones 
entirely without spines on the edge, the inner developed 
ones not more than four or six, lorate, chartaceous in 
texture, acute, a foot or a foot and a half long, an inch or 
an inch and a half broad at the middle, narrowed to about 
a third of an inch above the base, the face green, scattered 

march 1st, 1880- 

over with conspicuous white lepidote scales, the back finely 
persistently white lepidote all over, the edge quite entire. 
Peduncle four or six inches long, finely lepidote, furnished 
with several reduced leaves. Raceme simple, four or six 
inches long ; pedicels ascending, not more than a quarter or 
a third of an inch long; bracts small, lanceolate. Calyx 
about three-quarters of an inch long, the base adnate to the 
ovary ; segments lanceolate, green, horny, thinly lepidote. 
Petals oblanceolate, about two inches and a half long, 
unilateral in the expanded flower, bright scarlet in the 
lower part, passing into bright red upwards. Stamens 
nearly as long as the petals ; anthers erect, linear, a quarter 
of an inch long. %Ze-arms strongly twisted.—/. G. Baler. 

Fig. 1 scale from the upper side of the leaf; 2, anthers ; 3, pistil ; 4, style-arms 
untwisted ; 5, style-arms, with their natural twist ; 6, horizontal section of ovary : 
— all magnified, except 3. 


Vincent Brooks Dav8tSon hnp. 

L. Reeve & C9 London 

Tab. 6481. 


Native ofN. Africa and the Levant. 

Nat. Ord. Hypeeicine^:. — Tribe Hypebice^:. 
Genus Hypeeicum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 165. 

Hypeeicum (Triadenia) cegyptiacum ; fruticosum, erectum v. decumbens, glaberri- 
mum, glaucurn, foliis parvis oppositis ovatis acutis enerviis coriaceis superne 
concavis subtus subcarinatis, floribus ad apices ramulorum lateralium subsessili- 
bus parvis, sepalis oblongis obtusis eglandulosis, petalis obovato-spathulatis supra 
unguem medio tuberculatis, pbalangis 3 staminum glandulis hypogynis alter- 
nantibus, carpellis 3 brevibus, stylis brevissimis, ovulis paucis. 

H. segyptiacum, Linn. Amain. Acad. vol. viii. p. 323, t. 8, f. 3; DC. Prodr. vol. i. 

p. 549 ; Pot. Reg. t. 196. 
Triadenia microphylla, et thymifolia, Spach in Ann. 8c. Nat. ser. 2, vol. v. p. 173, 

t. 4. 
T. segyptiaca, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. i. p. 783. 

The specific name of this pretty little shrub is unfor- 
tunate, for it has never, as far as at present known, been 
found in Egypt. It has however an extensive range in the 
Mediterranean islands and coasts ; I have examined speci- 
mens from Lampedusa, Cephalonia, Zante, and Sphacteria, 
and it hence may possibly occur on the coast of Egypt 
westward of the Nile, which has never been explored by a 
botanist. Its western limit is Cape Agadir in Southern 
Morocco, on the shores of the Atlantic, where it has been 
discovered by a collector employed by M. Cosson in that 
district (which is impenetrable by Christians) since the 
publication of my fellow-traveller Mr. Ball's " Spicilegium 
Maroccanum." It is difficult to believe that IL maritimum 
Sieber and H. Webhii Spach, which differ only in the length 
of the styles, are anything but sexual states of IF. cegyptia- 
cum : of these the first is a native of Crete, as well as of 
Malta, whence we have specimens from Mr. Duthie, and the 
latter of the Ionian Islands. 

In its native state II. cegyptiacum is a very low-growing, 
often prostrate, small shrub, with very woody stout trunk 

MABCH 1ST, 1880. 

and lower branches, but under cultivation against a wall 
at Kew it assumes an upright more twiggy habit, in which 
respect it accords with the figure in the " Botanical 
Register," made from greenhouse specimens grown at 
South Lambeth. It was introduced into cultivation nearly 
one hundred years ago, namely in 1787, by Mr. Thouin, 
and flowers freely in late autumn (October), when from 
the abundance of bloom it forms a very pretty object : it 
is moreover very hardy, the specimen at Kew having sur- 
vived the last hard winter with no other protection but some 
cocoa-nut fibre on the ground around the base of the stem. 
The leaves a good deal resemble those of the New Zealand 
Veronica pinguifolia. 

Descr. A small erect or prostrate woody perfectly 
glabrous shrub ; branches erect, leafy. Leaves very small 
and uniform, one-third of an inch long, opposite, sessile, 
ovate, acute, coriaceous, nerveless, keeled at the back, 
concave in front. Flowers solitary on the ends of short 
lateral branches, shortly pedicelled ; pedicels two-bracteo- 
late. Sepals oblong, obtuse, concave, eglandular. Petals 
obovate-spathulate, subacute, pale golden-yellow, with a 
tubercle on the face above the claw. Stamens in three 
bundles, which alternate with as many two-lobed hypogy- 
nous glands. Carpels three, with very short styles and 
capitate stigmas. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower cut longitudinally ; 2, bundle of stamens ; 3, carpels and hypogy- 
nous glands : — all enlarged. 



VincentBrodks Day JScSonlinp. 

L.Retrvc 6 C° London 

Tab. 6482. 
WAHLEN"BERGIA tenuifolia. 

Native of Dalmatia. 

Nat. Ord. CAMPANULACEiE.— Tribe Cameamtle.e. 
Genus Wahlenbeegia, Schrad.; (Benth. et BZooh.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 555.) 

Wahi/enbeegia (Edraianthus) tenuifolia; acaulis, foliis gramineis anguste lineari- 
elongatis glabriusculis spinuloso-ciliolatis ciliolis ereeto-incurvis, ranris floriferis 
patentim pilosis decumbentibus, floribus capitatis bracteato-involucratis, bract eis 
hirsutis e basi late ovata v. suborbiculatalineari-elongatis subacutis eiterioribns 
flores superantibus, calycis hirsuti segmentis subulatis sinubus edentatis, corolla 
infundibulari-campanulata, filamentis liberis late ovato-subulatis hirsutis, stylo 
patentim piloso apice glabra attenuato, stigmatibus brevibus. 

W. tenuifolia et dalmatica, Aljph. DC. Monog. Campan. pp. 133, 134. 

Edraianthus tenuifolius et dalmaticus, Alph. DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 419. 

E. tenuifolius, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iii. p. 887 ; JReichb. in Fl. Germ. vol. xix. 
t. 1589. 

Campanula tenuifolia, Waldst. et Kit. PL Par. Hung. vol. ii. p. 168, t. 155. 

C. graminifolia, Host, Fl. Austr. vol. i. p. 268, excl. syn. 

The genus Edraianthus was established by Alphonso 
De Candolle (in the " Prodromus "), for a small group of 
plants, originally placed in Campanula, and on the division 
of that genus rightly referred to Wahlmbergia, from which 
latter it differs solely in the very peculiar habit of all the spe- 
cies, which are stemless, with linear grassy radical leaves, and 
suberect or decumbent flowering branches bearing heads of 
sessile flowers, which are involucrate by imbricating bracts. 
About four species are known, all natives of Southern 
Austria (Dalmatia, Croatia, and Transylvania), except one, 
which I have not seen, the E. Oiverinianus of Ruprecht, a 
native of the Caucasus, and which from the description 
must differ very widely from its European congeners. Of 
the latter, E. dalmaticus appears to me to be identical 
with E. tenuifolius, and is indeed a native of the same 
mountains; the glabrous flowering-stems, on which the 

MARCH 1ST, 1880. 

specific distinction is founded, being a most inconstant 
character in the specimens I have examined. From W. 
Kitaibelii, figured at Tab. 6188 of this work, this species 
differs conspicuously in the long involucral bracts, as also 
in the absence of accessory teeth in the sinus between the 
calyx-segments, a character omitted in the plate referred to. 

W. tenuifolia flowered in the rock-work at Kew, from 
roots received from M. Frobel of Zurich, under the name 
of Edraianthus caudatus, a species differing from this in 
the very short broad calyx-segments ; it flowered in August 
of last year. 

Desor. Boot stout, spindle-shaped, giving off from the 
crown a tuft of slender leaves, and several procumbent 
flowering-stems. Leaves one and a half to four inches 
long, by one-eighth of an inch wide, glabrous or hairy, 
margins with slender spinulose teeth, which are erect and 
curved inwards on the surface of the leaf. Floivering-slems 
usually shorter than the leaves, hairy or glabrate, with few 
linear leaves, which are much shorter than the radical ones. 
Heads two inches in diameter, four- to eight-flowered ; 
bracts one to one and a half inches long, linear from a 
broadly ovate or almost orbicular base, hairy, the outer 
longer than the flowers, flexuous. Floivers sessile. Calyx- 
tube short ; segments linear, hairy. Corolla half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, narrowly campanulate, pubescent, 
pale violet-blue. Filaments broadly ovate-subulate, hairy. 
Style thickened upwards and hairy, suddenly contracted 
into a glabrous top with two short stigmas. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower ; 2, calyx-tube, stamens, and style ; 3, stamens ; 4, stigmas ; 5, 
vertical section of ovary ; 6, marginal cilia of leaves : — all but Jiff. 1 enlarged. 


Vmcent Brooks Day?* 

L Re 

Tar. 6483. 

Native of Old Calabar. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllidack.e. — Sub-order Amakyllidk;e. 
Genus Ckinum, Linn.; {Kunth. Enum. vol. v. p. 517.) 

Cktnum podophyllum ; bulbo parvo ovoideo, collo nullo modo producto, foliis 5-6 
lanceolatis subpedalibus medio 1J— 2 poll, latis deorsum in petiolum brevem 
canaliculatum angustatis margine obscure ciliatis, scapo laterali ancipiti vix 
pedali, spathse valvis lanceolatis, floribus paucis perfecte scssilibus 8-9 poll, 
longis, tubo cylindrico erecto apice curvato, limbi horizontalis segmeutis 
oblanceolato-oblongis acutis tubo duplo brevioribus albis extus viridi tinctis 
prseter apicem diu conniventibus, staminibus declinatis limbo paulo brevioribus, 
antheris magnis polline luteo, stigmate capitate 

This new Grinum, in its spreading undulated leaves and 
dwarf stature most resembles G. Gareyanum (Bot. Mag. 
tab. 2466), but in its very long tube and fewer flowers 
comes nearer its geographical ally G. giganteum (Bot. Mag. 
tab. 5205). The bulbs were sent not long ago from 
Old Calabar by the Rev. Hugh Goldie, and it flowered 
at Kew for the first time in November, 1879. Probably 
under further cultivation the leaves will be larger and the 
flowers more numerous than in the specimen drawn. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, an inch and a half in diameter, 
without any produced neck, the outer tunics pale brown. 
Leaves five or six in a rosette, cotemporary with the 
flowers, lanceolate, thin in texture for the genus and much 
undulated, spreading widely, about a foot long, acute, an 
inch and a half or two inches broad at the middle, narrowed 
gradually into a short deeply- channelled petiole. Scape 
ancipitous, lateral, erect, under a foot long. Flowers two 
in the specimen drawn, perfectly sessile, almost inodorous, 
eight or nine inches long. Spathe-vahrs two, lanceolate, 
green, erect. Ovary oblong. Perianth tube cylindrical, 
erect, curved at the top, five or six inches long; limb hori- 

MABCH 1ST, 1880. 

zontal, half as long as the tube, milk-white, tinted with 
green on the outside, without any red, the oblanceolate- 
oblong acute segments spreading at the tip only when 
fully expanded. Stamens nearly as long as the limb; 
anthers linear, eight or nine lines long, very versatile; 
pollen yellow. Style reaching nearly to the tip of the seg- 
ments, pure white ; stigma capitate. — J, G. Baker. 

lit* I 

MS it 

Tab. 6484. 
CONANDRON ramondioidis. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnerace.e. — Tribe CYRTANDBEiE. 
Genus Conandron, Sieb. et Zucc.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1021.) 

Conandron ramondioides ; acaulis, rbizomate subtuberoso aplce viilis neiiceis 
brunneis cnusto, foliis oblongo- v. elliptico-ovatis subsossilibus v. in petiolum 
nudum v. late alatum eroso-dentatum contractis, acutis v. aeuminatis irregula- 
riter argute eroso-dentatis menibranaceis glabiis, basi interdum valde obliquo 
v. insequali cordato v. abrupte v. sensim angustato, scapis nudis hirsutis v. 
glabratis, cymis multifloris nutantibus, floribus pedicellatis albis v. roseis, 
calycis laciniis linearibus. 

C. ramondioides, Sieb. et Zucc. in Abh. Munch. Akad. vol. iii. 2, p. 729, t. 3, f. 1 ; 
Miquel, Prohis. Fl. Japon. p. 55 ; A. DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 273 ; Maximoo. 
in Bull. Acad. Petersb. vol. xix. p. 537 ; Mel. Biol. vol. ix. p. 370 ; Masters 
in Gard. Chron. 1879, p. 232. 

This very interesting plant lias been elaborately described 
by Dr. Masters in the " Gardeners' Chronicle " cited above, 
and to its description that botanist has added full observa- 
tions on its affinities and geographical relations to various 
allied or similar plants. The sum of these latter is, that 
Conandron is an aberrant member of a group of Gesnera- 
ceous plants, which spans the middle mountain regions of 
the Old World from Spain to Japan. Thus, it is represented 
in the Western Pyrenees by Ramondia pyrenaica (see Tab. 
236, Verbascum Myconi), which indeed is its nearest relative ; 
by a second species of that genus in Greece, by a third in 
Servia, and by Eoberlea in the Balkan. From this last 
point there is a hiatus, till the Himalaya are reached, no 
representative having been hitherto discovered in the 
Caucasus or mountains of N. Persia ; but in the Himalaya 
Didijmocarpus takes up the eastward representation, and 
Bwa (see Tab. 6468) terminates it in N. China. Wuljenia, 
which is European and Himalayan, is intercalated by Dr. 
Masters, as is the Japanese and American genus Short ia ; 
but these have, I think, no affinity with the above or with 

maech 1st, 1880. 

Concmdron. In a botanical point of view, its most remark- 
able character is its regular perianth, which is exceptional 
not only in the order to which it belongs, but in a great 
extent to the whole group of Personates. 

The Gonandron was introduced from Japan by Messrs. 
Veitch, who sent the specimen here figured in July of last- 
year ; it has a tolerably wide range in Japan, inhabiting 
moist rocks in the mountains of Nippon and Kiusiu. 

Desce. Root-stock tuberous, crowned with a tuft of silky 
brown hairs. Leaves four to seven inches long, all radical, 
subsessile or petioled, oblong or oblong-ovate or elliptic, 
acute or acuminate, irregularly acutely toothed, glabrous, 
often bullate between the spreading reticulating nerves; 
petiole either slender and naked, or broadly winged, the 
wing undulated and toothed like the leaf-blade. Scapes one 
to four, shorter than the leaves, hairy or glabrate, curved, 
quite naked. Cymes compound, drooping, pubescent, six- 
to twelve-flowered. Flowers pedicelled. Calyx-lobes slender. 
Gorolla one inch in diameter, white or pink with a purplish 
eye ; tube very short, funnel-shaped, lobes spreading, ovate, 
acute, tips recurved. Stamens five, equal, filaments very 
short ; anthers broadly oblong, with the connective pro- 
duced into a long point, both cells and connectives connate 
into a beaked tube. Ovary elongate, narrowed into a 
slender style with a minute capitate stigma. Capsules one- 
third to one-half of an inch long, membranous, terete, lanceo- 
late, terminated by the persistent style. Seeds very minute, 
narrowly ellipsoid or oblong, narrowed at both ends, usually 
slightly curved in a sigmoid manner; testa pale brown, 
quite smooth. — J. D. R. 

Fig. 1, fruiting cyme; 2, stamens; 3, pistil; 4, transverse section of pistil: — 
all but Jig. 1 enlarged. 

'" "*~v 


1 Reeve & C° London. 

"^ftncmt Brooks Day & San, Imp- 

Tab. 6185. 
CYANANTHtTS lobatus. 

Native of tlw Himalayan Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulaceje. — Tribe Campanuleje. 
Genus Cyananthus. Wall. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 557. 

Cyananthus lobatus ; caulibus adscendentibus foliosis pilosis villosis v. glabratis, 
f oliis glabratis cuneato-obovatis v. spatbulatis irregulariter 3-5-lobatis v. inciso- 
crenatis, floribus breviter pedunculatis magnis speciosis.calycis tubo cylindraceo 
subinflato atro dense villoso breviter 5-lobo, lobis triangulari-lanceolatis, corollas 
bete violaceae lobis paten ti-recurvis late obovatis apiculatis apicibus barbellatis. 

C. lobatus, Wall. Cat. no. 1473; Benth. in Boyle III. Himal. PI. p. 309, t. 69, 
f. 1 ; Lindl. in But. Beg. N. S. vol. xx. t. 6 ; Begel Gartenfl. t. 888 ; Hook.f. 
and Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. ii. p. 19. 

This is certainly one of the most beautiful of the alpine 
Himalayan herbaceous plants, forming broad patches on 
the bare mountain flanks at elevations of 12,000 to 14,000 
feet from Kumaon eastwards to Sikkim, enlivened with a 
profusion of brilliant violet-blue horizontal or nodding 
flowers. It was discovered in Kumaon and Nepal by 
Wallich's collectors in 1821, and was introduced into the 
Horticultural Gardens in 1845 by that gallant soldier and 
accomplished botanist, General Munro, C.B., whose lamented 
death took place a few weeks ago. There, however, it 
seems to have flowered very imperfectly, the specimen 
figured in the Botanical Register having a shorter green 
faintly hairy calyx, and pale corolla with narrower lobes 
than in the specimen here figured. In his description of 
the plant Dr. Lindley alludes to the anomalous character of 
its wholly superior ovary and naked style, as opposed to its 
being placed in Campanulacecr, to which Order Bentham 
had rightly referred it, and wherein it has been retained by 
all succeeding botanists. 

Cyananthus lobatus may be successfully treated as a rock- 

april 1st, 1880. 

work plants, and though once long lost to cultivation, is not 
likely to be so again, now that herbaceous plants are fast 
becoming favourites with intelligent collectors. The speci- 
men here figured was raised from Himalayan seeds, and 
flowered in the open border in July and August. 

DJSSOB. A soft densely tufted low herb, with faintly milky 
juice. Stems decumbent, sending up numerous ascending 
slender usually simple one-flowered leafy branches, that are 
covered with brown spreading hairs or glabrate. Leaves 
one-half to one inch long, alternate, narrowly cuneate or 
cuneate-obovate, three- to five-lobed, the lobes entire or 
crenately cut, narrowed into a broad petiole, glabrous or 
sparingly hairy. Flowers solitary, terminal, erect in bud, 
then horizontal, one to one and a quarter of an inch long. 
Calyx broadly tubular and somewhat inflated, brown-black 
and clothed densely with dark brown long soft hairs ; lobes 
about one-fourth the length of the tube, triangular-lanceo- 
late, acute, erect. Corolla-tube broad, longer than the calyx ; 
limb one to one and a quarter of an inch in diameter, throat 
open, bearded; lobes spreading and recurved, deep violet- 
blue, paler towards the throat, obovate with a minute 
bearded point. Stamens forming a membranous five-toothed 
tube around the ovary, filaments at length free and slender; 
anthers remaining united and bursting inwards. Ovary 
wholly superior, ovoid, five-grooved and five-celled; style 
rather short, glabrous, stigma with five short spreading 
teeth.—/. D.H. l & 

Fig. 1, young ovary and stamina! tube; 2, stamens; 3, transverse section of 
ovary :— all enlarged. 


E A.O del .IN Fitch Uh. 

L Reeve &C° London. 

Tab. 6486. 
lonicera tomentella. 

Native of the SikJcim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. CapeifoliacEjE. — Tribe Lonicebeje. 
Genus Loniceea, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 5.) 

Loniceba (Xylosteum) tomentella ; erecta, ramulis rigidis strictis foliisque subtus 
pilosis tomentellisve, foliis parvis breviter petiolatis ovato-oblongis obtusis 
coriaceis supra glabris v. puberulis opacis nervis inconspicuis, petiolo tomentoso, 
pedunculis axillaribus solitariis v. 2-nis brevibus tomentosis 2-floris, bracteis 
parvis lineari-oblongis recurvis, bracteolis in cupulam basin ovariorum amplec- 
tentem glabram connatis, floribus pendulis albis inodoris, ovariis liberis v. 
per paria connatis glabris, caljce breviter 5-dentato, corollte tubo anguste 
infundibulari piloso, limbi subsequalis lobis brevibus rotundatis, stylo glabro, 
baccis piriformibus globosis v. didymis, seminibus parvis. 

L. tomentella, Hook. f. and Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Soo. vol. ii. p. 167 ; C. B. 
Clarke in Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 12 (ined.). 

Honeysuckles abound in the Himalaya, where no fewer 
than twenty-two species have been detected, some of which 
attain an elevation of 16,000 feet above the sea-level. The 
Indian mountains are, in fact, the head-quarters of the genus, 
all Europe containing but seventeen species ; the Oriental 
region (from Greece to Affghanistan) possesses exactly the 
same number, according to Boissier's " Flora Orientalis ;" 
the Russian dominions from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean 
contain only thirteen, and North America about a dozen. 

L. tomentella is a native of the interior valleys of the 
Sikkim Himalaya, at elevations of 8,000 to 12,000 feet, 
where I discovered it in 1849, forming a shrub ten to twelve 
feet high. The specimen figured was from a plant culti- 
vated at Kew from seeds, sent by me in the above-mentioned 
year ; it flowers annually in July. 

Descr. A rigid bush, ten to twelve feet high, with stiff 
spreading branches and slender usually densely softly 
tomentose branchlets. Leaves two-thirds to one and a half 
inch long, subdistichous, shortly petioled, ovate-oblong or 

APBIL 1st, 18SO. 

almost elliptic, rounded at both ends, dark dull-green and 
puberulous or glabrous and opaque above, paler beneath and 
more or less pubescent or tomentose ; midrib stout, nerves 
obscure; petiole one-tenth to one-eighth of an inch long, 
tomentose. Peduncles axillary, solitary or in pairs (from 
opposite axils), very short, rarely one-sixth of an inch long, 
decurved, two-flowered, densely tomentose ; bracts small, 
linear-oblong, spreading and recurved, green ; bracteoles 
united into a glabrous cup which embraces the bases of the 
ovaries. Flowers in pairs, the ovaries glabrous, united or 
free. Calyx-tube hardly produced, with five triangular teeth. 
Corolla two-thirds of an inch long, tube narrowly funnel- 
shaped, not gibbous at the base, slightly hairy, white ; limb 
of five subequal short rounded spreading lobes, white tinged 
with pink. Stamens included. Ovary two- to three-celled. 
Style glabrous, stigma capitate. Berries the size of a small 
pea, globose, blue-black, many-seeded. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1, flowers, bracts, and peduncles ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, bracteoles and 
ovaries ; 4, stamens ; 5, st}de and stigma ; 6, fruit : — all enlarged. 



--4 * 

KUL C^^aSr^ 

atLBrodksD^'& SccJraf 

Tab. 6487. 
EICHORNIA azurba. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Pontedeetace^;. 
Genus Eichoenia, Kunth.; (Enum. Plant, vol. iv. p. 129.) 

Eichoenia azurea; rhizomate crasso, foliis orbiculatis v. rboinbeo-orbiculatis 
obtusis in petiolum elongatum crassum basi vix intumescentem angustatis, 
pedunculo crasso in spatham solitariarn brevem. recurvam obtusam dilatato, 
racemo multifloro, rachi robusto, floribus 2-nis breviter pedicellatis spams, 
perianthio extus piloso, segmentis obovato-oblongis obtusis exterioribus 
majoribus, interioribus marginibus erosis, staminibus fere inclusis, Buperioribua 
subsequaliter insertis 3 inferiorum postico demissius inserto, filamentis omnium 
brevibus subulatis subajquilongis puberulis, stylo gracili puberulo. 

E. azurea, Kunth, Enum. Plant, vol. iv. p. 129; Griseb. El. Brit. W. Ind. 590; 

Seuhertin Mart. El. Bras. vol. iii. parti, p. 90; Schlecht. in Halle Abhandl. 

Nat. Gesell. vol. vi. p. 149, cum 1c. ,■ Hemsley in The Garden, 1880, p. 220. 
Pontederia azurea, Swartz, El. Ind. Occ. vol. i. p. 609 (non But. Mag. t. 2932). 
P. tumida, Willd. Herb. n. 6369 {ex Kunth, 1. c.). 
P. aquatiea, Veil. El. Flum. Ic. vol. iii. t. Kit. 

The plants belonging to the Order Pontederiacece are de- 
scribed in systematic works in a very unsatisfactory manner; 
this is due to the fact that their very fugacious flowers 
cannot be analyzed in herbarium specimens, on account of 
their membranous consistence, and to the variations to 
which the leaves and stems of the same plant are subject, 
according to whether it grows in deep or shallow water or 
in mud. The genus Pontederia of Linnseus was in 1843 
rightly divided into two by Kunth, who retained the old 
name for the species with one-ovuled ovarian cells, and 
founded upon the many-ovuled the new genus Eichomia. 
Seubert, in Martins and Endlicher's Flora of Brazil, lias 
adopted those genera, describing six S. American species 
of the former and eight of FAchornia. It is with the tatter 
we have to do in the matter of the plant here figured, and 

apeil 1st, 1880. 

I am unable from the descriptions to refer it altogether 
satisfactorily to any described species. Of these, only one 
of the species with racemose inflorescence has been hitherto 
well figured, namely, that referred (t. 2932) to Swartz's 
Pontederia azurea (which is also figured in Martius' " Nova 
Genera et Species," as P. crassipes, Martius). This Kunth 
considers not to be Swartz's plant, and makes a Dew species 
of it ; E. speciosa, Kth. In so doing he is very probably 
justified, though it is to be regretted that he did not retain 
Martius' characteristic name of crassipes, especially as he 
quotes that author's description and figure. Swartz's P. 
azurea, then, is Kunth' s Eichornia azurea, and the doubt 
in my mind is whether the subject of the present plate is 
referable to it. On the one hand, it appears to agree with 
a specimen of the only Jamaica species known to me which 
could be considered as Swartz's azurea, gathered by Purdie, 
and which Grisebach considers the true one ; on the other 
hand, neither Swartz, nor P. Browne in his full description, 
alludes to the beautifully-toothed inner perianth segment 
of our plant, nor can the latter author's description of the 
stamens be regarded as quite satisfactory : " filamenta . . 3 
superiora ad basim tubo adnata ; 3 inferiora in fundo floris 
sita." Browne adds, " I observed this plant in most of 
the Lagoons about the Ferry ; " and Purdie' s ticket bears 
" Habitat, behind the Ferry," which must be regarded as 
settling the point in the present state of our knowledge. 

The figure cited of Schlechtendahl, appears to represent 
a larger-flowered plant than this, with flowers not in pairs, 
almost orbicular-obovate, much larger inner perianth lobes, 
and the eye-like spot rounded. 

E. azurea is, as far as can be ascertained by a comparison 
of dried specimens, a common tropical South American 
water-plant, extending from South Brazil to Jamaica ; it 
varies greatly in the size and form of the leaves and length 
of the petiole, and is found either floating, or rooted and 
erect in the muddy bottom of shallow water. It was 
introduced into the gardens of the Royal Botanic Society, 
Regent's Park, from Brazil, and flowered there in July of 
last year, and I am indebted to Mr. Sowerby for the plant 
here figured. 

Descr. Stems as thick as the thumb, floating and rooting, 
green, smooth, flexuous. Leaves on long or short petioles, 

which are not inflated, very variable in size and shape, 
three to eight inches in diameter, from rounded cordate to 
trapeziform or rhomboid or very broadly oblate and obcor- 
date, rounded retuse or subacute at the tip. Scape often 
as stout as the petiole, curved, gradually dilated into a 
solitary short recurved very obtuse cucullate spathe. 
Flowers scattered or crowded in pairs along a stout hairy 
sessile rachis. Perianth one and a half inch long, funnel- 
shaped, hairy externally, bright pale-blue ; tube often split 
between the segments ; outer segments elliptic-lanceolate, 
acute, sub-equal, margins entire; inner segments obovate, 
obtuse, margins erose, upper rather the largest with a 
yellow heart-shaped eye which is margined with white. 
Filaments sub-equal, all short, papillose; three upper 
shortly exserted, three lower included in the tube, one 
placed lower than the others ; anthers short, ovoid-oblong. 
Ovary glabrous three-celled, cells many-ovuled ; style very 
slender, pubescent. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, perianth laid open; 2, stamens; 3, ovary; 4, stigma; 5, ovary cut 
across : — all enlarged. 



Vint^n.t'BroGksDa.y& Sanjmp 

L Reeve kCPLorul 

Tab. 6488, 
SENECIO speotosus, DC. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe SenecionidevE. 
Genus Senecio, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 4.16.) 

Senecio speeiosus ; herbaceus, glanduloso-pubescens v. hirsutus, radice perennante, 
f'oliis carnosulis radicalibus obovato-lanceolatis subacutis v. obtusis crenato- 
serratis v. sinuato-dentatis, scapo elongato robusto flexuoso, foliis caulinis 
oblongis inferioribus auriculato-5-amplexicaulibus obtusis, superioribus scssi- 
libus acutis, coryinbis laxis, capitulis longe pedunculatis roseo-purpuveis disco 
saturatiore, involucro subcampanulato basi rotundato bracteis paucis dissitis 
instructo, bracteis propriis anguste linearibus glanduloso-hirsutis, floribus radii 
6-20, ligula lineari stricta patente apice minute 3-dentata, acheniis sulcatis 

S. speeiosus, Willd. Sp. PI. vol. iii. pars 3, p. 1991; DC. Prod. vi. 407; Lodd. 
Bot. Cab. t. 1113 ; Ker in Bot. Beg. t. 41 ; Ait. Sort. Keie. vol. v. p. 43 ; 
N. Brown in Gard. Chron. 1879, p. 615. 

S. pseudo-cbina, Andr. Bot. Rep. t. 291, non Linn. 

S. concolor, Hare, et Sond. Fl. Cap. iii. 362, in part. 

S. concolor var. bispido-scabra, DC. I. c. 407. 

Mr. N. Brown lias, in the "Gardeners' Chronicle " quoted 
above, cleared up the confused synonymy and history of 
this beautiful plant. It was published first in 1806, by 
Andrews, as the Linnasan 8. pseudo-china, it being supposed 
to have been introduced from that country, and to afford 
the drug called " China-root," which, however, involved a 
second mistake, as that drug is the produce of a Smilax. 

It next appeared in AYilldenow's " Species Plantarum," 
the author of which, recognizing its difference from 
Linnaeus' 8. pseudo-china, called it 8. speeiosus. In 1816 
Ker figured it under Willdenow's name in the " Botanical 
Register," observing that the native country of the plant 
was not precisely determined, it being called Siberian by 
some and Chinese by others. Ten years afterwards 
Loddiges figured it in his " Botanical Cabinet," as intro- 
duced by him from the Mauritius, adding that it is a 
supposed native of China. In 1837 De Candolle, having 
South African specimens of Ecklon and Drege before him, 

APRIL 1st, 1880. 

and not recognizing their identity with S. speciosus, pub- 
lished it as a variety of his 8. concolor, placing it, however, 
close to the supposed Chinese 8. speciosus, whose true 
relationship to the otherwise wholly African group of this 
difficult genus he had the sagacity to discern. Lastly, 
Harvey, in the " Flora Capensis," describes it as var. 
Mspidus of #. concolor, DC, and suggests that it should be 
regarded as the type of that species. In this he clearly 
errs, 8. speciosus being a very different and far finer plant 
than 8. concolor, with which, however (and with very few 
others of the genus, and these all, according to Mr. Brown, 
South African), it agrees in the disk flowers being almost 
concolorous with the ray. 

The specimen here figured was flowered in July last in 
the Eoyal Botanical Gardens of Edinburgh, from seeds 
collected in December, 1878, on the battle-field of Quintana, 
by Sergeant D. Williamson. It has a wide range in South 
Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope itself to Natal, and, 
as Mr. Brown remarks, its supposed Chinese origin is pro- 
bably due to its having been brought by one of the home- 
ward-bound China-ships, which regularly touched at the 
Cape. According to the " Hortus Kewensis," it was 
introduced into England about 1789 by G. Slater, Esq. 

Desce. Root stout, fleshy, perennial. Leaves four to 
seven inches long, obovate lanceolate or narrowly linear 
spathulate, crenately toothed or sinuately lobed, rarely sub- 
pinnatifid, subacute or obtuse, clothed more or less densely 
with glandular hairs, sometimes almost hispid when dry. 
Scape a foot high or less, with spreading glandular hairs, 
and alternate rather distant erect linear-oblong leaves, the 
lower of which are cordate and semi-amplexicaul. Corymbs 
spreading, with few long-peduncled heads, which are one 
and a half inch in diameter, and of a bright- purple colour. 
Involucre broadly campanulate, densely glandular-hairy, 
calyculate by a few short bracts at the rounded base ; bracts 
narrowly linear. Bay-flowers six to twenty; ligules 
narrowly linear, spreading straight out, minutely toothed 
at _ the tip. Achenes slender, grooved, pubescent ; pappus 
hairs very slender, scaberulous, silky, white.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, involucre cut open; 2, ray-flower; 3, its style-arras; 4, disk-flower; 
5, pappus hair ; 6, stamen ; 7, style-arms -.—all enlarged. 


Vincent 3rcoks Day (kSimlmp 

L Re, 

Tab. 6489. 
xiphion kolpakowskianum. 

Native of Ttirkestan. 
i _ 

Nat. Ord. Ibidace^e. — Tribe Xiphionideje. 
Genus Xiphion-, Toicrnef. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Sot: Bat. vol. xvi. p. 122). 

Xiphion KolpaJcowskianum ; bulbo globoso, tunicis exterioribus fibrosis fibris 
validis irregulariter anastomosantibus, foliis paucis anguste linearibus pallida 
viridibus profunde canaliculatis albo-vittatis post anthesin accrescentibus, scapo 
brevissiuuo hypogaeo unifloro, spatha elongata cylindrica pallide viridi bivalvi, 
ovario cylindrico pedicellato, tubo cylindrico bipollicari pallide lilacino, limbi 
segmentis sequilongis, exterioribus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis longe unguiculatis, 
lamina flore expanso patula saturate lilacino-purpurea, carina aurantiaca 
imberbi, segmentis interioribus oblanceolatis unguiculatis erectis pallide lilacinis 
concoloribus, stylis perianthio paulo brevioribus pallide lilacinis, cristis lanceo- 
latis, antberis albis, filamentis liberis. 

Iris (Xiphion) Kolpakowskiana, Begel Descript. part v. p. 47 ; Gartenfl. vol. xxvii. 
(1878), p. 40 and 161, tab. 939. 

This is one of the many interesting bulbous plants which 
have been discovered during the last few years by the 
Russian explorers in Central Asia, and which have been 
sent alive to St. Petersburg by the exertions of Dr. Albert 
Regel, and liberally distributed by his father amongst the 
European public gardens and amateurs. The present 
plant is a close ally of the well-known Xiphion reticulatum 
of the Orient and the Caucasus, of which a good figure 
under the name of Iris reticulata will be found Bot. Mag. 
Tab. 5577. The principal difference between the two is 
not in the flower, but in the bulb and leaves. It flowers at 
the same time, and has something of the same violet odour, 
and in all likelihood will prove equally hardy. It grows 
plentifully in fields near Wernoje, in Turkestan, and was 
named by Dr. Regel in compliment to General Von Kol- 
pakowsky. Our plate was made from specimens and a 
coloured sketch sent by Mr. F. W. Burbidge, Avith whom 
it flowered under glass in the botanic garden at Trinity 

APKIL 1st, 1880. 

College, Dublin, in the middle of January this present 

Desce. Bulb globose, half an inch in diameter ; outer 
tunics fibrous, the fibres strong and anastomosing irregu- 
larly. Leaves wrapped round at the base by a sheath two 
or three inches long, which reaches to the surface of the 
ground ; produced leaves four to six, narrow linear, gla- 
brous, rounded and faintly keeled on the back, deeply 
channelled down the face with a distinct white central 
band like a Crocus, pale green, not glaucous, very short at 
the flowering time, but growing much longer as the spring 
advances. Scape very short, hypogasous, one-flowered. 
Spathe cylindrical, pale green, about two inches long, two- 
valved. Ovary cylindrical, pedicellate inside the spathe. 
Perianth about four inches, the tube and the limb of equal 
length, the former cylindrical, pale lilac, protruded con- 
siderably above the top of the spathe ; outer segments with 
a long erect claw and a spreading oblong-lanceolate acute 
blade, which is deep violet-purple, with a beardless bright 
yellow keel ; inner segments just the same length as the 
outer, oblanceolate-unguiculate, erect, pale lilac, concolo- 
rous. Styles the same colour as the inner segments, and 
falling but little short of them ; crests lanceolate, a third 
of an inch long. Anthers cream- white, under half an inch 
long ; filaments free, as long as the anthers. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, a bulb, natural size ; 2, section of a leaf; 3, an inner segment of the 
perianth ; 4, style and anther -.—the two latter about natural size. 


M S del JN.FvLch,lith 

Tab. 6490. 
CYPBJPEDIUM Spiobeiaotm. 

Native of the East Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide.e.— Tribe Cypripepie-E. 
Getius Cypeipedium, Linn. ; {Endl. Gen. PI. p. 220.) 

Cypripedixjm Spicerianum ; foliis distichis lineari-oblongis subacutis carinatis basi 
complicatis luride viridibus, scapo pubescente pnrpureo gracili 1-floro, bractea 
oblonga viridi purpureo-striolata ovario pnrpureo pubescente multo breviore, 
sepalo dorsali magno e basi erecto virescente birsuto in laminam albam 
porrectam late renif'ormi-rotundatam marginibus recurvis auriculseformibus et 
apice complicato erecto dilatato, sepalis lateralibus in unum late ovatura acutum 
labello subpositum connatis, petalis brevibus deflexis lineari-oblongis flavo- 
viridibus et rubro striolatis marginibus crispato-undulatis, labello saccato 
auriculis rotundatis saturate fusco-purpureo, sinu lato acuto, staminodio rotun- 
dato lsete purpureo marginibus albis recurvis, columna birsuta. 

C. Spicerianum, JReickb.f. ex Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 40 et 74, et Ic. xylog. p. 41, 
sine descriptione. 

Very distinct from any described species of Cypiipedium, 
and belonging to the prolific group of the genus of which 
G. insigne, Wall., is the first-published example. Of its 
history little is known ; I have found no description of it, 
and the only information which I have gathered regarding 
it is from a passage in the " Gardeners' Chronicle," to the 
effect that "it is understood to have been received from 
India, some time ago, by Mr. Spicer, amongst a mixed 
collection of Orchids, without any indication whatever as 
to its habitat. When it flowered for the first time, a bloom 
was sent to Prof. Reichenbach, who named the plant in 
compliment to the gentleman through whose instrumenta- 
lity it was introduced into British gardens, and for whom 
Messrs. James Veitch and Sons purchased the stock." I 
am indebted to Messrs. Veitch for the specimen here 
figured, which flowered in October, 1879, in their establish- 
ment at Chelsea. 

Descr. Stemless. L>:>n:<^ few, distichous, five to eight 

APEIL 1st, 1880. 

inches long by one to one and a quarter inch broad, nar- 
rowly linear-oblong, dark green and deeply channelled 
down the centre above, keeled beneath, complicate at the 
base, where the sheathing portion is mottled with purple. 
Scape about as long as the leaves, with an oblong com- 
pressed basal sheath, slender, dark red-purple, pubescent, 
one-flowered ; bract linear-oblong, obtuse, compressed, 
much shorter than the red-purple ovary, green streaked 
with purple dots. Flowers erect, three inches long from 
the base of the sac of the lip to the top of the dorsal sepal, 
and about two inches across the petals when these are in 
their ordinary deflexed position. Dorsal sepal, very large, 
suddenly expanding from a broad cuneate hairy green 
speckled base into an almost horizontal broad snow-white 
and obcordate lamina nearly two inches in diameter, the 
dorsal margins of which are reflexed and decurved; the 
anterior margin stretches forward and is complicate in the 
middle, there forming a very acute compressed erect ridge ; 
a thin purple line runs from the base to the top of the 
sepal. Lateral sepals combined into a broadly ovate acu- 
minate white concave blade, with recurved margins placed 
under the lip and shorter than it. Petals much shorter 
than the lip, deflexed, linear-oblong, obtuse, with crisped 
margins, pale greenish with red stripes and specks. Lip 
large, sac bell- shaped with rounded everted auricles and a 
broad acute sinus, base rounded, red-brown, glossy. 
Column short, hairy, staminode orbicular with strongly 
recurved margins, bright purple margined with white. — 

Fig. 1, side, and 2, front view of column and staminode ; 3, apex of column and 
anther : — all enlarged. 


-•eve & C° Loj 

Tab. 6491. 
ARLS^MA Griffithii. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Aboide.e. — Tribe Ahisajiejs. 
Genus Abis^ema, Mart.; (Enyler in A. DC. Monog. Phan. vol. ii. p. 683.) 

Abisjema Griffith]]-, robuatum, foliia 2-nia 3-foliolati« petiolo riridi, foliolii sab- 
Kcssilibus Ute trapezoideo-ovatisorbioaUtisreaoamioatia baai ouneatu Utemlibat 
interdam obliqais mnrginibaa planioacalia Saria rabrisre, nerria riridibaa 
subtus proininulis, pedunculo ])cliol() multo breriore riridi, ipatbce tbbo 
pollican ovlindraoeo multicoetato albo pnrpnreoqae rtriato, Lamina lati 
6—10 poU. lata deflexa inflata marginibua inouivis medio antiee inflexa el profunda 
2-lobaatro-parparea nerria craasia validia riridibaa teaaellatim laxe reticulata, 
apadicia parte fforifera oraaaa comco-cylindraoea apioe abrapte oontracta n 
appeadioe atro-parpurea baai in diacum amplam lublobatam dilatata, deia 
fusiformi et in filam longiaaime tenniaaimom tortile deeinente, ovariia aubgio- 
bosis iii stylum brevem oontractia, stigmata troncato. 

A. Griffitliii, ScJiott, Synops. Aroid. vol. i. p. 20 (1856); I'rolr. 8v$t troid 
p. 54; Engl. I. e. 688. 

A. Hookerianum, Schott in (Est. But. Wwhenbl. 1867, p. 834: Prodr.Svsi Aroid 
p. 29. J 

Pvthonii Sp.; Griff. Posth. Papers, vol. ii. p. 201, no. 1179. 

This is by far the finest species of the genus as yet 
known. It was discovered by Griffith in Bhotan, at eleva- 
tions of 3000 to 5000 feet, and named, from imperfect spe- 
cimens, after its discoverer by Schott, who however failed 
to recognize it amongst the species subsequently brought 
by myself from Sikkim, and transmitted to him for exami- 
nation, and he consequently gave to the latter the name of 
A. Hooker ia num. A comparison of Griffith's Bhutan speci- 
men with my own does not enable me to detecl any 
difference between them, though the latter appears to affect 
a much higher elevation, for I have never gathered it much 
below 8000 feet of elevation, and it ascends to 10,000 feet. 
Under A. utile (Tab. 6474) I have described the use to 
which the tuberous roots of this and other species of 
may 1st, 1880. 

Ariscema are put by the natives of the Himalaya in times of 
scarcity as articles of food. The plate here given is from 
a specimen flowered by H. N. Elwes, Esq., who introduced 
this and many other species, aided by a drawing made in 
its native country by an artist employed by the late Judge 
Cathcart, and preserved in the Kew collection of drawings. 
In this drawing the bases of the peduncle and petioles 
are subtended by two oblong membranous sheaths, three 
and five inches long respectively, which are white and 
obscurely mottled or banded with dull grey. It flowered 
at Preston House in May, 1879. 

Desce. Dioecious. Tuber the size of the fist. Leaves 
two ; petiole five to eight inches long, thicker than the 
thumb, green ; leaflets three, eight to ten inches long and 
broad, from trapezoid-ovate to orbicular, acuminate or 
apiculate, subsessile, dark green with deeply-sunk reticulate 
veins which are very prominent beneath, margins slightly 
undulate yellow or red. Peduncle shorter and hardly so 
stout as the petiole, green. Spathe very large, tubular 
portion four to six inches long, cylindric, expanding above 
into a convex crown, which again dilates into the lamina, 
deeply grooved, grooves dull purple, the ridges broad and 
white ; lamina of spathe six to ten inches broad, deflexed, 
spreading out into broad lateral wings which are almost 
convolute, deeply cleft in front ; whole surface of a brown- 
purple colour netted with prominent-green veins. Spadix 
with the flowering portion very short, about one inch long, 
cylmdric-conic, suddenly contracted into a short naked 
column supporting the dark brown-purple polished appen- 
dix which expands at the base into a lobed thick circular 
disk, then contracts into a fusiform body which terminates 
in a very slender tortuous thread a foot long; this thread 
is in a young state folded in one of the three leaflets of the 
leaf. Anthers scattered, stipitate, pale yellow. Ovaries very 
dense, subglobose, contracted into a short style with a 
truncate stigma. Ovules about six, pendulous from the top 
of the cell.— J. 1). H. 

Fig. 1, male spadix, of the natural size; 2, anther after dehiscence, enlarged. 

Vincent Brool<s Daj&Sonlmp. 

L Reeve & C° Londc 

Tab. 6492. 
ribes lacustre. 
Native of North America. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifrages. — Tribe RibesievE. 
Genus Ribes, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 654.) 

RlBES (Grossularia) lacustre ; ramulis longe et crebre setosis spinosisqup. gpinifl 
rectis gracilibus subaxillaribus fasciculatis elongatis, foliis gnu-ile petiolatis 
cordato-rotundatis palmatim 3-5-lobatis v. -parti tis, lobis Begmentisve lobulatia 
et crenato-dentatis glaberrimis membranaceis, racemis laxis pendulis gracilibas 
pediuellisqae glanduloso-pilosis multifloris, floribus parvis, calyee rotato obtuse 
5-lobo, petalis cuneatis calyee brevioribus, staminibus atquilongis, stylo glabra 
2-3-fido, bacca parva hispida. 

R. lacustre, Poir. Suppl. vol. ii. p. 856; DC. Prod. vol. iii. p. 478; Torr. et Gr. 
Fl. N. Am. vol. i. p. 548 ; A. Gray, Bot. N. U. States, ed. v. p. 165 ; Lodd. 
Bot. Cab. t. 881; Guimp. Otto, et Hayne, Holzgew. t. 136. 

R. ox3'acanthoides, Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 111. 

R. echinatum, Dougl. in Lindl. Bot. Beg. sub. t. 1349. 

The " swamp Gooseberry " of the United States of 
America inhabits cold wet situations, especially the banks 
of mountain rivers across the whole continent, from the 
Arctic Circle in Canada to Sitka and British Columbia, and 
from New England to Northern California, retaining its 
habits and characters in more northern situations and 
throughout the Eastern States, but becoming less bristly 
and more spiny in California, where, too, the leaves are 
pubescent. Though unattractive in point of inflorescence, 
its beautiful green delicate foliage and the purplish-brown 
branches render it a desirable shrub for cultivation. The 
fruit, which is always small, seems to vary in quality. Asa 
Gray describes it as "unpleasant" in New England; 
Lindley (under B. echinatum) says, on Douglas's authority, 
"berries black, pleasant;" Sereno Watson describes the 
fruit of the Californian variety as " acid, intermediate be- 
tween a gooseberry and a currant;" the colour of the berry, 
too, is variously described as dark-brown, red, amber, and 

Though introduced so long ago as 1812, according to 

may 1st, 1880. 

Loudon, the Swamp Gooseberry has never till now been 
well figured ; our specimen is from a fine bush that flowers 
annually in Kew in the month of June. 

Desck. A bright-green erect shrub, three to five feet 
high ; young branches straight, rather stout, densely clothed 
with rigid purple-brown spreading bristles ; these pass into 
slender straight shining weak spines, which again are longer, 
stouter, and fascicled beneath the insertion of the leaves. 
Leaves with very slender petioles, one to two inches in 
diameter, suborbicular with a deeply cordate base, membra- 
nous, palmately three- to five-lobed or parted, lobes lobulate 
and irregularly crenate-toothed, glabrous ; petiole one to 
two inches long, very slender, glabrous or sparsely hairy. 
Racemes one to three inches long, slender, drooping, glan- 
dular-hairy, many-flowered; bracts small, elliptic, green, 
and as well as the pedicels and calyx-tube glandular-hairy. 
Floivers one-fourth of an inch in diameter. Calyx-tube short ; 
limb rotate, obtusely five-lobed, nearly white. Petals much 
shorter than the calyx-limb, cuneate, yellowish, pink towards 
the base. Stamens about equalling the petals. Style-arms 
two to three, as long as the stamens. Berries size of a pea, 
hispid.— J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, flower ; 2, the same cut vertically ; 3, petal ; 4, stamens : — all enlarged. 



fincent Brooks Bay & Son-tap 

L Reeve & 0° London. 

Tab. 6493. 
PRIMULA sibirica, var. kashmiriana. 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. PbimtjlacEvE. — Tribe Peimttleje. 
Genus Primula, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 631.) 

Pbimula sibirica; glabra, efarinosa, foliis laxis petiolatis ovatia ellipticis v. oblongis 
rarins obovatis integerrimis v. marginibus leviter undulatis pallida viridibus 
marginibus vernatione revolutis, scapis graeilibus, involucri brscteu earnosulis 
verticillatis lineari-oblongis obtusis basi in auriculam apice rotundatam demum 
productis pedicellis multo brevioribus, calyce tubuloso-campanulato breviter 
obtuse 4-dentato, corolla? tubo graciii, limbi explanati rosei lobis cuneatis 2-lobis, 
sinu acuto, fauee nuda. 

Var. kashmiriana, floribus minoribus, corolla? tubo calycem vix superante lobis 

This pretty Primula has been cultivated under the name 
of P. elegans, Dubj, from which, judging by the poor figure 
which that author gives in his " Memoire sur la Famille des 
Primulacees" (Tab. 1), it differs widely in its petiolate leaves, 
slender scapes and pedicels, obtuse involucral bracts, and 
in the short calyx-teeth. In fact, I have no doubt that P. 
elegans is nothing but the lovely P. rosea, figured last year 
(Tab. 6437); the only difference I find in the description is, 
that the flowers of P. elegans are, on its discoverer Jacque- 
mont's authority, lilac, which may be accounted for by the 
flowers having faded; in fact, Duby says of his elegans, 
" an a priore (rosea) revera distincta ? " The close affinity 
of the plant here figured to the P. sibirica is evident from 
referring to the plate of that plant (Tab. 3167), which 
represents its large flowered state, and it is still more like 
the P. sibirica var. integerrima (Tab. 3445), a native of the 
Altai mountains, which only differs in the corolla-tube being 
elongated and twice as long as the calyx. In a dried state 
it is very difficult to distinguish P. sibirica from P. involu- 
crata (P. Munroi, Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1847, t. 15), which, 
however, differs in the shorter calyx, long corolla-tube, pale 

MAT 1st, 1880. 

almost white flowers, with a deep narrow sinus between 
the divisions of the corolline lobes. 

The Siberian Primrose has a very wide range of 
geographical distribution, from Lapland and Sweden across 
the continents of Europe and Asia to Dahuria, and it 
reappears in Arctic America ; its southern limit, however, 
is Kashmir, from whence seeds were sent to the Royal 
Gardens by Dr. Aitchison, which flowered in June of last 

Descr. Slender, quite glabrous, not mealy. Leaves 
loosely tufted, long-petioled, half an inch to two inches long 
including the petiole, ovate elliptic or rarely obovate, obtuse 
or subacute, base narrowed into the petiole or rounded, 
margins quite entire revolute in vernation, pale green above, 
paler beneath, nerves faint. Scapes very slender, three to 
eight inches high. Involucral bracts, four to six, whorled, 
erect, linear, obtuse, the base produced downwards into a 
flat appendage with a rounded tip. Flowers usually very 
numerous, loosely fascicled, drooping or inclined ; pedicels 
very slender, a quarter to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Calyx very narrowly campanulate, five-grooved, base sub- 
acute, teeth short, obtuse. Corolla pale pink, tube hardly 
longer than the calyx; limb flat; lobes obcuneate, two- 
lobed, the divisions rounded with an acute open sinus 
between them ; throat naked, not expanded. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, calyx; 2, corolla laid open; 3, calyx laid open, showing the pistil; 4, 
anthers : — all enlarged. 


AB del JNFitdiLith. 

Vmcen*. 3roois Day IlSou imp 

L Reeve & C London 

Tab. 6494. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Oechideje. — Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus Oncidium, Swartz; {Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Oncidium. 

Oncidium (Tetrapetala) dasystyle ; pseudobulbis breviter ovoideis compressis 
demum creberriine longitudinaliter sulcatis, foliis 2 Hueari-lanceolatis subaeutis 
carinatis, scapo gracili paucifloro, bracteis parvis acutis, floribus gracile pedi- 
cellatis, sepalo dorsali petalisque subsequalibus elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis 
flavis purpureo maculatis, sepalis lateralibus paullo majoribus labello suppositis 
ad medium connatis pallide virescentibus, labelli ampli lobis lateralibus parvis 
triangularibus terminal! dilatatorenitbrmi undulato membranaceo, callo basilari 
magno cordiibrnie valde convexo purpurascente basi utrinque callo minuto 
elongato instrueto, colunma apicem versus alata lateribus ungueque labelli 

O. dasystyle, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1873, p. 293 et 432. 

A very elegant plant, a native of the Organ mountains in 
Brazil, whence it was imported by Messrs. B. F. Williams, 
of the Paradise Nurseries. Its near allies are the 0. citrinum 
(Tab. 4454), 0. bifolium (Tab. 1491), and 0. flexuosvm 
(Tab. 2203), all of which differ in the form of the labellum, 
its crests, and in other conspicuous characters. In its 
lateral sepals being united only below their middle, it 
forms a transition between Lindley's two great sections of 
Tetrapetala and Pentapetala. 

The specimen here figured was kindly communicated by 
Mr. Bull. 

Desce. Pseudo-bulbs one to one and a half inch long, 
almost elliptic, with rounded ends, which are truncal e at 
the insertion of the leaves, slightly compressed, green, 
edges obtuse, young quite smooth, old longitudinally 
grooved with obtuse ridges. Leaves four to five inches 
long by one broad, linear- lanceolate, subacute, keeled, 
bright green. Scape very slender, six to seven inches 
long, with a few distant small acute bracts. Raceme two- 

may 1st, 1880. 

to five-flowered, lax, drooping; pedicels one-half to three- 
fourths of an inch long, very slender. Ovary short. Flowers 
one and a quarter of an inch in diameter across the spread- 
ing petals. Dorsal-sepals and Petals subequal, elliptic- 
lanceolate, acuminate, pale straw-coloured, blotched with 
brown-purple ; lateral sepals hidden under the lip, rather 
larger than the dorsal, united to the middle, pale greenish- 
yellow, obscurely speckled with brown. Lip nearly as 
large as the rest of the perianth; claw very short, pubescent ; 
lateral lobes small, triangular ; terminal one expanding into 
a broad undulate membranous reniform pale yellow blade ; 
basal crest cordiform with the two-lobed end pointing 
downwards, much elevated, smooth, dark purple and 
shining ; towards its base on each side is a narrow short 
linear crest. Column short, with a rounded wing on each 
side towards the top ; sides pubescent, as is the anther- 
case, which has a short obtuse beak. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, column and lip ; 2, side view of the same and the ovary ; 3, anther-case ; 
4, pollinia : — all enlarged. 



L Reeve &_ C° London 

Tab. 6495. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Tribe Tillandsie*:. 
lenus Tillandsia, Linn.; {Schulte's Syst. Veg. vol. vii. p. Ixvi. and 1199. 

Tillandsia (Conostachys) Malzinei; acaulis, foliis basalibus 15-20 dense roralatia 
loratis falcatis chartaceis subpedalibus nullo modo lepidotis apice deltoideo- 
cuspidatis facie yiridibus dorso rubro-brunneis verticaliter lineatis, pedunculo 
stricto erecto foHis breviori foliis reductis pluribus lanceolatis falcatis prredito, 
floribus 12-20 in spicam strictam subdensam multifariam disposito, bracteis 
magnis glabris ovatis navicularibus luteis vel rubris, pedicellis brevibus crassis, 
calyce protruso glabro sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis lingulatis obtusis albidis 
calyce duplo longioribus basi squamatis, genitalibus petalis paulo brevioribus, 
antheris parvis luteis versatilibus. 

T. Malzinei, Baker in Kew Gard. Report, 1878, p. 59. 

Vriesea Malzinei, E. Morren in Belg. Sort. vol. xxiv. (1874), p. 313, tab. 14. 

The present species represents the section Conostachys 
of the large genus Tillandsia, which is characterized by its 
scaled petals and multifarious spikes, and is the first species 
of that section which has been figured in the Botanical 
Magazine. It was discovered about the year 1870 in the 
neighbourhood of Cordova, in Mexico, by the Belgian 
gentleman after whom it is named, M. Omer de Malzine, 
and was first flowered in cultivation by M. Jacob Makoy, 
of Liege, in 1872. The excellent figure in the Belgique 
Horticole above cited represents a variety with red bracts. 
In our plant, which flowered at Kew in April, 1 879, the 
bracts are yellow. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Leaves fifteen or twenty in a dense 
rosette, lorate, about a foot long, three inches broad at the 
dilated base, an inch and a half or two inches at the middle, 
falcate, chartaceous in texture, not at all lepidote, the apex 
deltoid cuspidate, the face bright green, the back red- 
brown with fine vertical lines. Peduncle simple, rather 
shorter than the leaves, stiffly erect, with several falcate 

MAT 1st, 1880. 

lanceolate reduced leaves. Flowers twelve to twenty, 
arranged in a moderately dense simple multifarious spike ; 
bracts ovate-navicular, acute, glabrous, above an inch long, 
yellow or red. Calyx on a very short stout, pedicel, pro- 
truded a little beyond the bract, green, glabrous; sepals 
oblong, obtuse. Petals white, Ungulate, twice as long as 
the calyx, furnished with a pair of cuneate white fimbriated 
scales at the base. Stamens a little shorter than the petals ; 
filaments filiform; anthers small, yellow, linear-oblong, 
versatile. Ovary ampullseform ; style reaching to the top 
of the anthers ; stigma of three crisped ovate lobes. Capsule 
twice as long as the calyx. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1 a scale from the base of the petal; 2, a couple of stamens; 3, pistil; 
1. horizontal section of ovary j 5, stigma -.—all more or less magnified. 



Vince nl Brooks Day & Son Imp 


Tab. 6496. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^e. — Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus Mormodes, Lindl.; ( WaJp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 577.) 

Mormodes Ocanae ; pseudobulbis oblongo-ellipsoideis basibus mombranaceis 
foliorum fere obtectis, foliis pedalibus lj-poll. l:itis elongato-Unomlaiu arumi- 
natis, pedunculo valido incltnato fusco-virescente, racemo 6-10-floro bracteis 
oblongis obtusis cymbiformibus floriboi subfasciciilatis aurantiaris punctis 
maculisve parvis filBOO-sangaineii creberrime utidiqui' irmratis, sepalis petalisque 
consimilibus lanceolatis acumiiiatis, labello longe unguiculato trilobo, lobis 
lateralibus brevibus oblongis obtusis intermedin majore subquadrato rostrato 
maryiiiibiis omnium recurvis. 

M. Ocanae, Lindl. and Reichb. f. ms.i. in Wolf. Ann. vol. vi. p. 577; Reichb. f. 
in Gard. Chron. 1879, p. 582 et 817, fig. 133, 134. 

Of the genus Mormodes seven species are now figured 
in this work; M. pardina (Tab. 3879 and 3900), M. 
Cartoni (Tab. 4214), M. lentiginosa (Tab. 4455), M. atro- 
purpurea (Tab. 4577), M. Greenii (Tab. 5802), M. Colossus 
(Tab. 5840), and the subject of the present plate, all of them 
differing remarkably from M. Ocance, both in the form of 
the perianth-segments and their colouring, but agreeing in 
the singular arrangement of the column, which is twisted 
one quarter round so as to bring the anther to face side- 
ways, and to afford a landing-place to insects close to or 
upon the anther itself. In M. Ocanm the slender beak 
of the column, to which the anther case is hinged, rests on 
the side of the mid-lobe of the lip, and when touched the 
whole anther with its broad strap and gland is released 
from the column with a jerk, and is, according to Dr. 
Reichenbach, frequently tossed into the concavity of the lip 
itself ; for that learned author remarks (Gard. Chron. 1. c. 
582) that the three lobes of the lip form as many bags, in 
one of which he always found a pollen-apparatus ; and be 

JUNE 1st, 1880. 

adds that these bags may be regarded as show-rooms for 
insects which can carry away those bodies (the pollen) 
strongly glued to them by their viscid glands. For a 
complete account of the structure and formation of the 
lip and pollen apparatus of Mormodes I must refer to Mr. 
Darwin's work on " The Fertilization of Orchids " (p. 208), 
where it is shown how perfectly all the parts are contrived 
and arranged to cause the pollen to alight on an insect 
visiting the flower, and to be thence carried to other flowers 
in a position to secure their fertilization. 

M. Ocance was discovered by the collector Schlim in the 
province of Ocaiia, at elevations of 4000 to 5000 feet, and 
subsequently collected by M. Kalbreyer. The specimen here 
figured was cultivated by Messrs. Veitch, with whom it 
flowered magnificently in October, 1879. 

Dbsce. l'seudo-hulbs elliptic-oblong, slightly compressed, 
three to three and a half inches long, almost clothed with 
the appressed sheathing membranous leaf-bases. Leaves 
about a foot long by one and a half inches broad, narrowly 
lanceolate, acuminate. Scape very robust, with the raceme 
about a foot long, inclined, pale greenish-brown ; sheaths 
short, broad, loose, truncate. Raceme six to ten-flowered ; 
bracts half an inch long, oblong, obtuse, boat- shaped. 
Flowers subfascicled, about two inches in diameter and 
three when spread out, uniformly of a dark orange-yellow 
colour most closely speckled with red-brown spots. Sepals 
and petals similar, lanceolate, acuminate, concave, drooping. 
Lip as long as the petals, claw long ; blade three-lobed, 
lateral lobes short oblong rounded at the tip, mid-lobe 
subquadrate abruptly beaked ; all the lobes have incurved 
margins. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, lip and column; 2, pollen apparatus; 3, column ; 4, anther-case :— all 

ItS.dd J.N.Rtah Lith 

Reeve &C° -London. 

Tab. 61,97. 
GENTIAN A septemfida, var. cordifolia. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Ge:ntiane.e. — Tribe Sweeties. 
Genus Gentiana, Linn,,- {Renth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 815.) 

Gentiana (Pneumonanthe) septemfida; caulibus e collo nudo erectis v. ascendentibus 
simplicibus foliosis, foliis superne sensim majoribus ovato-cordatis subacutis 
5-nerviis patulis deflexisve, summis flores sessiles confertos subinvolucrantibus, 
marginibus lasvibus v. scaberulis, calycis laciniis anguste linearibus lanceolatisve 
tubo sequilongis v. brevioribus sinubus latis, corolla? clavatse cyaneae lobis 
brevibus ovatis subacutis, plicis fimbriato-multifidis. 

G. septemfida, Pall. Fl. Ross. vol. ii. p. 101, t. 92 ; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. vol. iii. 

p. 67 ; Roiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iv. p. 74. 
G. fimbriajplica, C. Koch in Linncea, vol. xxiii. p. 584. 
Tar. /3. cordifolia; foliis lattoribus brevioribus obtusioribus basi evidentius cordatis, 

Roiss. I. c. p. 75. 
G. cordifolia, C. Koch, I. c. p. 585. 
G. gelida, Paxton Mag. Rot. p. 5, with plate. 

On first seeing this beautiful plant, I did not suspect its 
kinship with Gentiana septemfida, of which two forms, 
equally dissimilar from one another and from this, and 
both very inferior to it, are figured at Tabs. 1229 and 1410 ; 
and I was further deceived by the name of 0. gelida being 
attached to it. On comparison with the published descrip- 
tions of the gentians, I find that this is undoubtedly G. cor- 
difolia of C. Koch, which is rightly reduced by Boissier to 
a variety of septemfida, from which latter, in all its forms, 
G. gelida differs only in its ochroleucous flowers and the 
entire or two-fid plaits between the lobes of the corolln, and 
may be a mere variety of this. Both these species are 
described as having the leaves scabrid on the margin, a 
character which I do not observe in either the living or 
Herbarium specimens. The corolla-lobes in the typica 
forms vary from five to seven, whence the specific name. 
Gentiana septemfida has a wide range in distribution from 

J use 1st, 1880. 

Tauria and tlie Caucasus to Persia and the Altai mountains, 
ascending to 9000 feet in the Caucasus, and the var. cordl- 
folia inhabits the mountains of Armenia. I am, unfortu- 
nately, unable to say whence the specimen here figured was 
procured, the drawing, with notes attached, having been 
lost in London after having been made use of by the 
colourist ; it is, however, a well-known cultivated plant 
under the name of G. gelida, but it does not at Kew arrive 
at the stature of the specimen figured. 

Descr. Stems several, ascending from a stout stock a 
foot high, stout, leafy throughout. Leaves gradually larger 
upwards, lowest a quarter of an inch long, upper one to 
one and a half inch long, all ovate-cordate, subacute, 
five-nerved, dark green above, spreading or deflexed, 
coriaceous, the upper often forming a sort of involucre. 
Floivers very numerous, in a compact rather elongate head, 
sessile or very shortly pedicelled, nearly two inches long. 
Calyx-lobes narrowly linear, equalling or shorter than the 
tubes. Corolla dark blue, clavate ; lobes five, small, ovate, 
subacute, the membranous folds multifid. Stamens inserted 
about the middle of the tube. Stigmas short, recurved. 
Capsule shortly stalked. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, corolla laid open; 2, calyx and ovary: — both enlarged. 


Vincer.t Broote Day .S^oni 

L Reeve &. C" 1 London 

Tab. 6498. 
RUELLIA Ported. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Tribe Eueliie^:. 
Genus Euellia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1077.) 

Euellia Portellce; herbacea, erecta, ramosa, tota velutino-tomentella, ramis 
gracilibus teretibus, foliis oblongo-ovatis subacutis v. obtusis longe petiolatis 
basi acutis integerrimis supra saturate viridibus costa nervisque albis, subtus 
rubro-purpureis, floribus axillaribus solitariis sessilibus, bracteolia 2 foliaceis 
calycem sequantibus, calycis segmentis lanceolatis acuminatis, corolla? Ijeterosese 
li-lj-pollicaris tubo piloso supra medium lente incurvo dein sensim dilatato, 
limbi plani lobis subquadrato-rotundatis 2-fidis, staminibus subsequilongis, 
filamentis filiformibus rectis per paria contiguis, antheris breviter exsertis 
anguste oblongis, ovario sessili pilosulo loculis 6-ovulatis. 

To pronounce a species of Euellia as "hitherto un- 
described" is no light matter, for the genus contains 
upwards of one hundred and fifty known species, which 
are described under various generic names and in many 
scattered works, often very imperfectly. Moreover, these 
have been referred, as often wrongly as rightly, to no less 
than fourteen genera, none of which should have been 
separated from Buellia, and some of them to other genera, 
which have nothing to do with Buellia. I fail to match 
it with the descriptions of any of the species of Buellia (or 
Dlpter acanthus, now united with Buellia) in Martius's Flora 
Brasiliensis, where, if known in European Herbaria, this 
pretty plant would no doubt have been described. I have 
hence been compelled to give it a name, and have chosen 
for the purpose that of the donor, Serior Francisco Portella 
of Campos (Rio de Janeiro), who sent it in a ward's-case 
with various other valuable living plants of Brazil. It appears 
to be a very free-growing species, well adapted for winter 
decoration as a stove plant ; and, like others of its order, 
requiring to be kept quiet when flowering and fruiting are 

Descr. A slender much-branched erect herb, a foot 
high, all parts covered with a fine velvety pubescence; 

june 1st, 1880. 

brandies slender, terete green. Leaves two to three inches 
long, very uniform, elliptic-ovate subacute, narrowed into 
a slender petiole half their own length, deep green above 
with a white band along the midrib and nerves, red-purple 
beneath. Flowers axillary, solitary, sessile. Calyx one- 
third to half of an inch long ; segments narrowly lanceolate, 
acuminate, hairy. Corolla one and a half to one and three- 
quarters of an inch long, hairy externally, bright rose- 
pink ; tube slender, gradually dilated from above the 
middle, where it is gently incurved ; limb flat, an inch in 
diameter, of five nearly subquadrately rounded bifid seg- 
ments. Stamens in contiguous nearly equal pairs, filaments 
slender quite straight ; anthers linear-oblong, shortly ex- 
serted. Ovary ovoid, hairy; style slender, stigma shortly 
exserted. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, portion of corolla and stamens ; 2, anthers ; 3, stigma ; 4, base of calyx 
and ovary ; 5, ovary cut longitudinally : — all enlarged. 


A3 delJ.N'Fitch I 

Vmcent-Brcok; Day &SonImp 

I.Reeve &_ C° Londc 

Tab. 6499. 
LYTHRUM Ge^ffeki. 
Native of Southern Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Lythkakie.s:. — Tribe LytiieEjE. 
Genus Lythbtjm, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 779.) 

Lythrtjm Grcejferi ; glabrum, caulibus gracilibus elongatis erectis v. diffusis acute 
angulatis foliosis, foliis saepius alternis inferioribus lineari- v. rarius ovato- 
oblongis acutis v. obtusis basi rotundatis v.cordatis superioribus lineari-oblongis 
lanceolatisve, floribus axillaribus solitariis 10-12 meris, bracteolis 2 minutis 
lineari-subulatis, calycis dentibus triangularibus 6 majoribus erectis, petalis 
obovatis calyce duplo longioribus, staminibus longioribus exsertis. 

L. Gnefferi, Tenore Fl. Nap. Prodr. Suppl. vol. ii. p. 27 ; Icon. Fl. Nap. t. 142 ; 
DC. Prodr. vol. Hi. p. 82 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 739. 

L. tbymifolia, Allioni Fl. Ped. vol. ii. p. 168, non Linn. 

L. acutangulum, Lagasc. Gen. et Sp. p. 16. 

L. flexuosum, Lagasc. I. c. ; ? Kegel Gartenjl. vol. xix. p. 289, t. 661. 

L. Preslii, Guss. PI. rar. p. 188. 

L. junceum, Sol. mss. ex Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. vol. iv. p. 32; Walp. Rep. 
vol. ii. p. 105. 

L. Grcejferi is a South European plant, with a very ex- 
tended geographical distribution, from the Azores and 
Canaries to Portugal and Morocco, and thence eastward to 
Asia Minor and NortheT-n Syria. It does not occur anywhere 
north of the Alps except in Western France, but has been 
introduced into South America and other countries. It 
affects wet places, and when grown in a pot standing in a 
tank or pan of water, it forms a strikingly ornamental plant 
from the profusion of its bright pink blossoms, which stud 
the numerous slender branches, and which appear in suc- 
cession for several weeks. The figure published as L. Grcef- 
ferii in Loddige's Botanical Cabinet is unrecognizable, and 
from the small flowers and opposite leaves probably repre- 
sents L. hypojplfolium, L. The figure of L. flexuosum, Lag., 
in Regel's Gartenflora, again, has most of the leaves opposite, 
and the petals very narrow, not like those of L. Gnefferi. 

jcse 1st, 1880. 

I have retained the well-known and hitherto universally 
adopted name for this plant, though it can hardly be 
doubted that one of the earlier ones of Lagasca (flexuosum 
and acatangulum), published in 1814, is of earlier date. 
The descriptions, however, of Lagasca are very unsatisfac- 
tory, and he made two species out of the one. The 
Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Joad, F.L.S., of 
Wimbledon, for plants which flowered profusely during the 
month of August. 

Desce. A tall, very slender, much -branched diffuse or 
erect glabrous herb, a foot to a yard high ; branches strict, 
acutely angled, leafy throughout. Leaves one-fourth to 
one inch long, all alternate or the lower opposite, more or 
less oblong or linear-oblong, the lower usually broader and 
sometimes cordate at the base, acute or obtuse, upper nar- 
rowly oblong. Flowers solitary in the axils of all the upper 
leaves, shortly pedicelled, two-bracteolate, six- rarely five- 
merous ; bracteoles small, narrowly subulate. Calyx about 
a quarter of an inch long; tube slender and cylindric below 
the middle, then funnel-shaped ; lobes twelve, six larger 
triangular acute erect, six interposed minute subulate 
spreading. Petals longer than the calyx, obovate, subacute, 
bright pink, nearly equal. Stamens twelve, the six longer 
exserted, the shorter included. Ovary slender, glabrous. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower ; 2, the same cut longitudinally; 3, stamens ; 4, pistil ; 5, trans- 
verse section of ditto : — all enlarged. 


AB d«1, J N :•■• 

TincenlSraalra Day SlS-ih Imp 

L.Rfieve kC ' 

Tab. 6500. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. PoLYGONEiE. — Tribe Eupolygoxe.e. 
Genus Polygonum Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 97.) 

Polygonum (Bistorta) amplexicaule ; caule elongato gracili erecto parce rainoso, 
foliis radicalibus et inferioribus longe petiolatis cordato-ovatis -lanceolatisve 
caudato-acuminatis minute crenulatis costa nervisque subtus minutissinie 
papulosis supremis sessilibus amplexicaulibus, racemis solitariis v. 2-nis 
spiciformibus gracilibus elongatis densifloris, bracteis ovatis acuminatis imbri- 
catis scariosis, periantbii segmentis oblongis obtusis, staininibus 8, antberis 
exsertis, stj'lis 3 capillaribus, fructibus trigonis. 

P. amplexicaule, Don. Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 70 ; Meissn. Monog. Polyg. in Wall. PI. 

As. rar. vol. iii. p. 54; Babingt. in Trans. Linn. Sue. vol. xviii. p. 96 ; Lindl. 

in Bot. Beg. 1838, Misc. no. 117, et 1839, t. 46; Meissn. in DC. Prodi: 

vol. xiv. pars 1, p. 126. 
P. speciosum, Wall. Cat. n. 1716 ; Meissn. II. re. 
P. ambiguum, Meissn. in Wall. PI. As. rar. vol. iii. p. 54, et in DC. Prodr. I. c. ; 

Wight, Ic. PI. Lid. Or. t. 1797. 
P. oxypbyllum, Wall. Cat. n. 1715 ; Meissn. II. cc. 
P. petiolatum, Don. I. e. p. 70, teste Babingt. 

The Himalaya Mountains are as remarkable in a botanical 
point of view for the beauty of the colouring of tbe flowers 
of their Polygonums, as Japan is for the stature and noble 
foliage of some of the species of the same genus which it 
contains. Amongst the Himalayan kinds none exceeds /'. 
amplcrieaule, which is unrivalled for graceful habit, foliage, 
and colouring combined, and it is further a plant of such easy 
cultivation, that it ought to be a garden favourite. It 
occurs under two varieties, a white- and a red-flowered, of 
which the white has usually a longer and more slender 
raceme, with more distant flowers. These two varieties 
do not correspond to any two of the five species which 
have been founded on dried specimens of the plant, and 

June 1st, 1880. 

which I agree with Dr. Lindley in considering to be un- 
worthy of varietal rank. 

P. amplexiraule extends through the whole range of the 
Himalaya, from Murree in the extreme north-west, where 
it ranges from 6000 to 8000 feet of elevation, to Sikkim, 
where it reaches 11,000 feet and upwards; it does not 
occur in the Bhotan collections of Griffith, nor has it been 
found in the Kharia range. It was introduced into the 
Horticultural Society's gardens from those of Tahurunpore, 
by Dr. Falconer, in 1835 or 1836; but our figures are 
made from plants raised at Kew from seeds sent by Dr. 
Aitchieson, and it flowers in September and October. 

Desce. Stems two to three feet high from a strong 
woody underground root-stock, very slender, green, 
sparingly leafy. Leaves cordate-ovate or- lanceolate, long- 
acuminate, the lower long-petioled, the upper sessile and 
amplexicaul, all minutely crenulate, glabrous above, be- 
neath minutely papillar, especially on the midrib and nerves ; 
ochrese long, lacerate. Racemes solitary or two, on slender 
strict peduncles, strict erect, two to six inches long ; 
bracteoles ovate, acuminate, scarious. Flowers crowded, 
bright rose-red or white, about one-third of an inch in 
diameter when expanded. Perianth segments oblong, sub- 
acute. Stamens eight ; anthers exserted. Styles three, 
slender. Ovary three-gonous. — /. B. H. 

Fig. A, white-flowered variety — of natural size; 1, flower cut longitudinally ; 
2 and 3, outer and inner perianth segments ; 4, stamens; 5, pistil; 6, ovules : — all 
enlarged. Fig. B, red-flowered variety — of natural size ; the numbers represent 
corresponding parts to those of A : — all enlarged. 



AJkcentBroote Dar&Soninp 

I Reeve &. C? London 

Tab. 6501. 

BIGNONIA capkeolata, vat. atro-sanguinea. 

Native of the Southern United States. 

Nat. Ord. Bignoniace^;. — Tribe Bignonie^e. 
Genus Bignonia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1033.) 

Bignonia capreolata, Linn. Sp. PI. 870; Bot. Mas?, t. 864; DC. Prodr. vol. ix. 
p. 146; Jaeq. Hort. Schoenbr. t. 363; Cbapm. Plor. S. U. States, p. 285; 
A. Gray, Fl. N. U. Stntes, ed. 5, p. 321. 

B. crucigera, Walt. Flor. Carolin. 169. 

Var. atro-sanguinea ; foliolis longioribus angustioribus, corolla intus et extu 
purpurea, lobis brevibus triangulari-ovatis aeutis. 

This very remarkable and handsome variety of the well- 
known Cross-vine of the Southern United States lias been 
long cultivated in the conservatory at Kew, and differs so 
widely from the typical form of the species, that but for 
numerous intermediates, of which we possess Herbarium 
specimens, it might be assumed to be a different species. 
The leaflets are both longer and narrower than is usual, 
but as these vary from those figured here to broadly oblong, 
no importance can be attached to the form of these organs. 
In the corolla the divergence from the type is more marked ; 
in most of both wild and cultivated forms this organ is 
usually shorter, with five broad rounded and often notched 
widely-spreading lobes, so that the limb is an inch and a 
half in diameter, the colour being orange-yellow with red- 
purple on the tube ; here, on the other hand, the corolla is 
wholly of a dark red-purple, with the tube nearly two 
inches long, and the lobes short, triangular-ovate, acute, 
and not one-third of an inch in breadth and length. 

Now that attention has been called to the variation of 
this plant, no doubt other as great deviations from the 
type will be introduced into cultivation. Of these I have 
seen dried specimens of one, sent from Kentucky, which 

Jt-ly 1st, 1880. 

has the corolla-tube one and a half inch long by fully two- 
thirds of an inch broad, and swollen like a campanula; 
another form has the corolla curved nearly into a quadrant. 
Blgnonia capreolata is one of the loftiest climbers in the 
forests of the Southern United States, from Virginia to 
Florida and westwards to the Mississippi, where it orna- 
ments the rocks and trees by its luxuriant foliage and 
(usually) orange-yellow flowers. The American name of 
Cross-vine is given in reference to the wood of the stem, 
which on a transverse section presents the form of a cross. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut longitudinally ; 2, anthers ; 3, stigma ; 4, vertical section of 
ovary : — all enlarged. 

650 Z 

MS del JKFitch blh 

I Reeve 4 C?Icmdon. 

Tab. 6502. 

Native of Venezuela. 

Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiF, — Tribe Vande;e. 
Genus Odontoglossum, IF. B. et K. ; {Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Odontoglossum.) 

Odontoglossum (Euodontoglossum) odoratum ; pseudobulbis ovoideis oompreasia 
marginibus aeutis sulcatis, foliis anguste ensiformibus pergamaceis, pamcula 
amplissima multiflora. bracteis parv r is, floribna l|-2 poll, expans. lutcis rubro- 
fusco maculatis, sepalis petalisque consimilibus anguste lanceolatis longe 
acuminatis incurvis undulatis v. subcrispatis, labello bastato lobis lateral i baa 
brevibus rotundatis intermedio elongate late subulato longe attenuato puberulo 
disco 4-dentato, columna supra medium anguste alata alis dentatis apice cirrhia 
2 divavicatis incurvis margine ini'eriore 1-dentatis aucta. 

0. odoratum, Lindl. Orchid. Linden. No. 86 ; Fol. Orchid. Odontoglossum, p. 3. 

A many-flowered sweet-scented species of Odontoglossum, 
discovered in the humid and gloomy forests of the Sierra 
Nevada of Merida, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet, 
by linden. It belongs to the section with O. Ilallii, Lindl. ; 
0. ncevium, Lindl. ; and others which constitute the genus 
Odontoglossum as first known and described. All have 
slender spreading ears at the top of the column, which 
sometimes end in bristle-like appendages. The specimen 
figured flowers in the Eoyal Gardens in March, and, 
though not previously figured, is well known in cultivation. 
Descr. Pseudo-bulbs two to three inches long, narrowly 
ovoid, compressed, two-edged, grooved. Leaves a foot 
long and under, by one inch broad, narrowly ensiform, 
acute, hardly coriaceous, rather the consistence of parch- 
ment, pale green. Panicle stalked, sometimes three feet 
long by one and a half broad, copiously branched, many- 
flowered ; bracts small, membranous. Flowers one and a 
half to two inches broad, dull golden-yellow, blotched with 
brownish-red. Sepals and petals similar, narrowly lanceo- 
july 1st, L880. 

late, finely acuminate, incurved, waved or almost crisped. 
Lip as long as the sepals, hastate; lateral lobes short, 
rounded ; terminal broadly subulate, narrowed to a fine 
point, pubescent, waved, its disk with two pair of longi- 
tudinal obtuse erect teeth. Column with very narrow 
toothed wings above the middle, and two long incurved 
spur-like appendages from the apex, which end in very fine 
subulate points, and have a single tooth on the lower 
margin. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lip and column ; 2, front view of column ; 3, anther-case ; 4 and 5, 
lateral and front views of column : — all enlarged. 


'• FiUjh 1,0-. 

Vincent Broole Day& Soiling 

I Reeve S, C° Ionic 

Tab. 6503. 
POLYGONUM cuspidatum. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Polygonace^e. — Tribe Eppolygone.e. 
Genus Polygonum, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 97.) 

Polygonum (Pleuropterus) ouspidatum ; glaberrimum, caulibus e rbizomato sub- 
terraneo perplurimis fasciculatis elatis robustis inclinatis foliosis, foliis petiolatis 
late cordato-ovatis v. ovatis basi late truncata acuminatis utrinque elevato- 
reticulatis, ochreis brevissimis deciduis, racemis axillaribus folio brevioribus 
sessilibus solitariis simplieibus v. basi ramosis v. paniculatis ramis divarieatis, 
bracteis ovatis obtusis 1-plurifloris rachique puberulis, pedicellis capillarilms 
infra medium articulatis, calyce fructifero obcordato late 3-alato, stylis 3 

P. cuspidatum, Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. 2, p. 84 ; Meissn. in DC. Prodr. 
xiv. pars 1, p. 136 ; Segel, Gartenfl. vol. ix. p. 152, t. 291 ; Grcenl. in Rev. 
Sortie. 1858, p. 30, cum Ic. ; Miq. Prolus. Fl. Jap. p. 300; Franch. et 
Savat. En. PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 404. 

P. Sieboldi, de Vriese in Ned. Kruidk. Arch. vol. ii. p. 254, et in Jahrb, Kon. 
Ned. Maatsch. 1850, cum Ic. ; Lindl. et Paxt. Mag. Bot. vol. i. p. 137, 
cum Ic. ; Fl. Gard. 1852, part i. p. 137, f. 90. 

Under P. corrvpactum, figured at Tab. 6476 of this volume, 
I have alluded to that plant as possibly a form of P. cus- 
pidatum, differing very much in habit ; but a re-examination 
of the Garden and Herbarium specimens tends to show 
them to be specifically distinct, especially in the form of 
the fruiting calyx, which in P. cuspidatum is obcordate and 
much narrowed at the base, but in the native specimen of 
P. compactum is almost orbicular, and abruptly narrowed 
into the pedicel ; the crisped margins of the leaves, too, are 
apparently a permanent character of the latter-named 
species. There is still a third species of this group to 
figure, the P. sachaliense, the largest of all, and of which a 
drawing is prepared for this work. 

P. cuspidatum is a native of Japan, and there is in the 
Herbarium a very similar plant from North China, collected 
by Dr. G. Shearer at Kieu Kiang; the specimens of this 

July 1st, 1880. 

arc, however, not sufficiently good to pronounce upon, and 
the racemes from which the flowers have fallen are much 
shorter and more fascicled. 

This species was introduced into England many years 
ago ; it has been cultivated for a quarter of a century at 
Kew, to which it was, I believe, sent from Holland. Like 
the rest of the half-shrubby species, it flowers very late in 
the season, and is diceceous. 

Descr. A tall glabrous bushy herb, six feet high, with 
innumerable stout branching angular red-brown leafy stems 
rising in a tuft from an underground root-stock which 
sends out innumerable runners. Leaves three to four 
inches long and sometimes almost as broad, usually broadly 
ovate-cordate, and abruptly acuminate, sometimes almost 
orbicular, often truncate at the base with rounded angles, 
firm, reticulated, dark green, paler beneath ; petiole one 
quarter to one inch long ; ochreae short, caducous. Racemes 
puberulous, axillary, sessile or subsessile, shorter than the 
leaves, usually paniculately branched at the base, the 
branches spreading and given off so low clown that the 
racemes appear fascicled; bracts small, obtuse; pedicels 
slender, jointed below the middle. Floivers diceceous, 
white. Perianth one quarter of an inch in diameter; 
segments broadly elliptic, obtuse, concave. Stamens six or 
seven, imperfect in the female flower. Styles three, short, 
cuneate. Fruiting perianth obcordate, three outer sepals 
broadly winged, about one-third of an inch long, gradually 
narrowed into the capillary pedicel. Nut small, trigonous, 
shining. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Female flower; 2, longitudinal section of the same :— both enlarged. 


A.Edel JftFiiALth 

\fi»»atBrootoD fl 

i Reeve £ 

Tab. 6504. 

CAMPANULA fragilis. 

Native of South Italy. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace.2G. — Tribe Campanule.e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn.; (Benth. et ILooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 561.) 

Campanfia (Eucodon) fragilis ; glabra pilosa v. pubescens, caulibus gracilibus 
diffusis, foliis longe petiolatis cordato-ovatis v. surnmis ovatis grosae crenato- 
dentatis, floribus axillaribus v. apices versus ramorum laxe corjmbosis, lobis 
calyeinis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis corolla m subaequantibus integris sinuous 
nudis, corolla late explanata ad medium 5-Ma, lobis late ovatis acutis, stylo 
elongato, st'gmatibus 3. 

C. fragilis, Ct/rill. Plant, fasc. i. p. 32, t, 11, f. 2; Tenore Fl. Nan. t. Hi); 
A. DC. Monog. Campan. p. 306; Prodi: vol. vii. p. 476; Lined, in Bat. 
Beg. t. 1738. 

C. diffusa, Yahl Si/mh. p. 18. 

C. cochlear! folia, Yahl I . c. p. 18. 

C crassifolia, Nees Sj/ll. Ratisb. i. p. 6 ; et Amain. Bot. fasc. 2, p. 9, t. 1. 

C. Cavolini, var. a, Tenore Syll. p. 94. 

C. Earrelieri, Presl. Spnb. Bot. p. 30, t. 19. 

C. saxatilis rotundifolia, &c, Barr. PI. Obs. p. 10, t. 453. 

0. rotundifolia Cajetana, &c, Cup. Pamph. vol. i. t. 192 ; Boec. Tc. rar. p. 54, 
t. 27. 

It is somewhat singular that so long-known and beautiful 
a herbaceous plant as the subject of the present plate should 
be seldom seen in cultivation. The only figure of it given 
in an English work is' that of a smaller flowered more hairy 
variety by Lindley in the " Botanical Register," who says 
of it : " In its native stations it is one of the most lovely 
objects imaginable. Often have we heard travellers from 
Italy expatiating upon the beauty of the spots which are 
enamelled with the bright blue flowers of this interesting 
stranger, but it was never our good fortune to see it alive, 
till we met with it in the garden of Mrs. Marryatt at 

The specimen here figured is of a large-flowered form, 
which I found in the garden of Miss Wedgwood, at Down, 

JCLY 1st, 1Sv v ". 

in Kent. According to Alphonse De Candolle, it is a native 
of the evergreen region of Italy south of latitude 41°, and 
struggles through the lower woodland region up to the upper 
limits of the beech, about 3000 feet above the sea, growing 
in exceedingly dense tufts on limestone rocks. We have, 
however, specimens gathered by Mr. Grove at 5000 feet 
elevation, in the valley of Orfenda of the Abruzzi. 

Dbsce. A glabrous hairy or pubescent decumbent herb, 
with slender branches six to ten inches long springing 
from a woody perennial root-stock. Leaves scattered, long- 
petioled ; the lower ovate or rounded-ovate, acute or obtuse, 
coarsely crenate-toothed, shorter than the petioles, which 
are one and a half inch long ; the upper narrower and 
shorter petioled. Flowers axillary and in lax terminal 
corymbs, pedicelled, bright pale blue. Calyx-tube sub- 
globose, grooved; lobes three-fourths the length of the 
corolla, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, quite entire, sinus 
without a fold. Corolla one and a half to two inches in 
diameter, almost flat, the tube being but slightly concave, 
five-lobed to about the middle ; lobes broadly ovate, sub- 
acute. Style long, slender ; stigmas three, oblong, obtuse. 
—J. D. H. 

Fig. I, Top of style and stigma : — enlarged. 

>.B.&el JNPitALith 

Vincent Brooks Day& Son Imp 

LUeevt? 3^C° London 

Tab. 6505. 
BERBEBJS buxifolia. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Bebbebide^. — Tribe Bebbebe-E. 
Genus Beebebis, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJe.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 43.) 

Beebebis buxifolia; erecta, glaberrima, foliis fasciculatis obovatis v. cuneato- 
obovatis obtusis acutis v. pungentibus coriaceis integerrimjs v. paucidentatis 
sessilibus v. in petiolum angustatis, pedunculis solitariis 1-floris foliis longioribus, 
floribus aurantiacis sepalis 3 exterioribus ovatis quam interiora orbiculata 
retusa duplo brevioribus, petalis oblongis fusco-aurantiacis staminibus paulo 
longioribus, baccis globosis, stylo distincto valido, stigmate majusculo peltato. 

B. buxifolia, Lamk. III. Gen. t. 253, f . 3 ; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 107 ; Gay Fl. 
GUI. vol. i. p. 91. 

B. dulcis, Sweet Brit. Fl. Gard. Ser. 2, t. 100; Paxt. Mag. Bot. vol. x. t. 171. 

The nomenclature of the species of Berberis presents 
many difficulties, and though I am satisfied as to the 
present plant being the B. buxifolia of Lamarck, figured 
in his "Illustrations" in 1802, and B. dulcis of Sweet, 
published in 1838, I am not persuaded that it may not 
have an earlier name than either of these. The difficulties 
referred to arise from the extreme variability both of the 
foliage and the inflorescence. Of these the latter is used 
for sectional characters, according as the flowers are soli- 
tary, fascicled, or corymbose; but when the corymb is 
sessile, the flowers appear fascicled, and it is often the^case 
that the flowers of the fascicles are reduced to one. Thus 
I in the " Flora Antarctica," and De Candolle in his 
Systema (vol. ii. p. 15), have referred to this species 
Forster's Z?. microphylla, a Fuegian plant, found by me as 
far south as Cape Horn itself, which has short three- 
flowered peduncles, which are often reduced to one-flowered 
ones, when it closely resembles B. buxifolia, but it differs 
in a character which is almost unique amongst the high 

July 1st, 1880. 

southern species of the genus, of the leaves, which are very 
small, being deciduous, and the flowers appearing with the 
very early leafy shoots. More similar still to the present 
plant is Ruiz and Pavon's B. virgata (Fl. Peru and Chili, 
vol. i. p. 51, tab. 281, f. B.), a native of the mountains of 
Peru; but here again the flowers (though described as 
solitary by De Candolle) are stated by its authors to be 
three, or sometimes two or four, and the peduncles are 
short, compared with those of B. buxifolia. 

Berberis buxifolia ranges from Chili to the Straits of 
Magellan, and probably further south, but in Fuegia it is 
replaced by B. ilicifolia and B. microphylla. It was intro- 
duced into cultivation by seeds collected by Mr. Anderson, 
the botanical collector attached to Captain King's survey 
of the Magellan Straits, which were raised in Mr. Low's 
nursery at Clapton. It has long been cultivated at Kew. 
The berries are eatable. 

Desce. An erect glabrous rigid shrub. Leaves tufted ; 
one to one and a half inch long, very coriaceous, sessile or 
contracted into a petiole, obovate or cuneate-obovate, acute, 
obtuse or mucronate, quite entire or rarely with a few 
small spinous teeth, deep bright green. Flowers solitary 
on long stout glabrous or puberulous pedicels, which are 
longer, and sometimes twice as long as the leaves, globose, 
half an inch in diameter, orange-yellow. Sepals ovate, 
obtuse, three outer half as long as the inner, which are 
orbicular and retuse. Berry nearly globose, dark blackish- 
purple ; style stout, distinct ; stigma orbicular.— J. D. E. 

ft f SLi! F1 ° wer . c «} longitudinally ; 2, petal and stamen ; 3, front and back view 
ot stamens ; 4, pistil -—all enlarged. 

"Vincent Brooks Day&Soniap 

l.Reeve 8c C° London 

Tab. 6506. 

Native of the West Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos.e.— Tribe Galege.e. 
Genus Indigofeea, Linn.; (Benth. et Mook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 494.) 

Indigofeea (Euindigofera) Anil; suffrutescens, cano-puberula, foliis pinnatis, 
pinnis 3-7-jugis oppositis oblongis ellipticis obovatis v. lineari- y. obovato- 
oblongis obtusis v. retusis, stipulis subulatis, racemis subsessilibus erectis 
strictis folio brevioribus, calycis lobis triangularibus, vexillo pavvo rotundato, 
alis anguste oblongis obtusis carinam sequantibus, legumine lineari-oblongo 
arcuato-recurvo rostrato obtuse 4-goni Isevi 6-10-spermo sutura dorsali 

I Anil, Linn. Mant. p. 272 ; Shane, Hist. Jam. t. 179, f. 2 ; Lamh. Fncyel. 
t. 626; Diet. Sc. Nat. t. 252; Trait. Archie, t. 72; Tussae. Fl. Antdl. 
t. 72; DC. Trodr. vol. ii. p. 225, excl. var. y; Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Lnd. 
p. 18i ; Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. Legum. p. 40. 

I. uncinata, G. Don Gard. Diet. vol. ii. p. 208. 

I. micrantha, Desv. in Ann. Se. Nat. Ser. i. vol. ix. p. 410. 

This, the indigenous Indigo of the West Indies, is the 
representative of the I. tinctoria or Indigo of the Old World ; 
but both of these plants having been cultivated for some 
centuries for the extraction of the well-known dye, are now 
naturalized in the tropics of the Old and the New World. 
Of the two species, I. tinctoria was known for its product 
from very early times, being in use by the Egyptians and 
described by Dioscorides; whereas the I. Anil could not have 
been known in Europe or the East until after the discovery 
of America. An Indigo appears, however, to have been 
used by the natives of the New World before it was brought 
into competition with the plant of the Old; for Sloane 
(Hist. Jam. vol. ii. p. 37) says, " Robt. Tomson ap. HakL 
p. 454, found it about Mexico, where it is used to die blue. 
It is, however, very doubtful if the plant here alluded to be 
the Indigofera Anil It is a somewhat singular fact that 
although the Indigofera tinctoria has been for so many centu- 
ries the only Indigo-plant known in the Old World, the first 
species recognized by botanists was the West Indian I. Ami. 

jult 1st, 1880. 

According to Sir Jas. Smith (in Rees' Encyclopaedia), Gerarde 
in 1597, and Johnson in 1632, knew nothing of any Indigo- 
plant, Parkinson in 1640 being the first to treat of it as 
"Indico or Indian Woad," giving a figure of the leaf from De 
Last, and describing it, first from Ximenes in Last's description 
of America, and secondly from Mr. William Finch, in Purchas' 
Pilgrims. Ray, in 1688, says that it is not agreed from 
what plant Indigo is made, and suggests that it is from a 
leguminous one allied to Golutea ; he describes it from 
Hernandez and Margraaf, and subjoins the description of 
the (Indian) " Ameri " from Rheede's Hortus Malabarius. 
Here for the first time the American and Indian species 
are botanically both alluded to, though as one, nor were 
they distinguished till a much later period. Linnaeus, in the 
1753 edition of the Species Plantarum, describes only the 
Indian species, nor was it till the publication of his Man- 
tissa, in 1771, that the American was recognized as 
different, by its much smaller flowers and more curved 
pods, which are even (not beaded). For further informa- 
tion on the much- vexed question of the I. Anil, I must 
refer to A. De Candolle's " Geographie Botanique," vol. ii. 
p. 855. Our figure of I. Anil is taken from a plant that 
flowered in the Economic House at Kew. The artist, Mrs. 
Barnard, observes that the petals of the keel separate 
elastically when touched. 

Desce. An erect shrub, three to six feet high, faintly 
hoary, with appressed hairs which are attached by the 
middle. Leaves four to five inches long, pinnate ; pinnules 
one to one and a half inches long, in three to seven pairs, 
variable in shape, from linear-oblong to obovate-oblong, 
or almost obcordate ; stipules subulate. Racemes sessile, 
stiff, erect, much shorter than the leaves, many-flowered. 
Flowers a quarter of an inch long, shortly pedicelled. 
Calyx very short, with triangular teeth. Standard hairy 
on the back, orbicular, greenish, pale pink within. Wings 
oblong, pink, equalling the narrow keel. Pods numerous, 
an inch long, linear-oblong, obtusely four-angled, curved 
upwards, beaked, smooth, six- to ten-seeded.— J. D. H. 

v T lg \ 1 L SI ? e ' and 2, front view of flower; 3, calyx: 4, standard; 5, wings; 
b, keel ; 7, stamens ; 8, pistil —all enlarged. 


H.T.D.del J^PitfihLiO! 

VmcentBrooks Day &. Son fmp 

-L Reeve &_ C° London 

Tab. 6507. 
BUCKLANDIA populnea. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. HamamelidEjE. 
Genus Bucklandia, Br.; [Bentli. et HooJc.f, Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 669.) 

Bucklandia populnea ; arbor elata, ramulis articulatis, foliis alternis petiolatis 
late cordato-ovatis v. orbiculatis coriaceis palmatinerviis acuminatis intogerrimis 
stipulisque sanguineo-coloratis junioribus 3-cuspidatis, petiolo terete elongato, 
stipulis 2-nis magnis oblique obovato-oblon^is apiee rotundatis crasse coriaceis 
nervosis ramulos juniores geniculatim inflexos pedunculosve amplectentibus, 
riorum capitula globosa polygama v. nuisexaatia pedunculata pilots, caly- 
cibus confiuentibus connatis, c.ilycis tubo ovario adnato, in fl. $ obscuro, 
limbo (v. disco) carnosulo truncato repando-2-lobo, petalis numero ineertU4-6 
v. paucioribus lineari-spatbulatis ssepe in stamina mutatis carnosulis, josti vatione 
incurvis v. in fl. $ ssepius rudimentaria, staminibus in fl. <^ 10-14 in $ nullis, 
filamentis subulatis, antheris basifixis, ovario £-infero 2-loculari, sty lis 2 
subulatis recurvis, capsula subglobosa, seminibus in loculis ad 6, superioribus 
osseis embryone 0, fertilibus superne longe alatis. 

B. populnea, Br. in Wall. Cat. n. 74,l4t,etin Vermlsclde Schriften, vol. v. p. 374; 
Griff, in Asiat. Research, vol. xix. t. 13, 14; Hook. f. et Thorns, in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. vol. ii. p. 86 ; C. B. Clarke in Fl. Brit. 2nd. vol. ii. p. 429. 

Liquidambar tricuspidata, MiquelFl. Ind. Bot. i. pars i. 1097, Suppl. 139, 346, t. 4 

One of the most beautiful trees of the forests of the 
Sikkim Himalaya, at elevations of 4000 to 6000 feet; also 
not unfrequent in the Khasia mountains, where, however, it 
does not attain the same stature, in so far as I have seen ; 
and of the mountains of Sumatra. From the elevations at 
which it grows in the Himalaya, there is no prospect of 
Bucldandia being hardy in England, but as a greenhouse 
ornament no plant of the class can be more attractive. 

The trunk is cylindric and straight in well-grown trees, 
and, together with the oblong crown of evergreen foliage, 
attains 100 feet in height. The wood-vessels are annu- 
late and the pith punctate as in the wood of Magnoliacem,^ 
which, with the remarkable stipules resembling those of 
Liriodendron, establish a resemblance between these other- 

august 1st, 1880. 

wise very different genera. Nothing can exceed the beauty 
of the young foliage of Bucklandia, and this has induced 
me to figure it for the Botanical Magazine without fresh 
flowers, which will probably not be produced for several 
years. The foliage figured is that of young trees, three to 
five feet high, at present standing on the shelves of the 
Temperate House at Kew, and which are about as many 
years old ; they were raised from seeds sent by Dr. King, 
of the Calcutta Botanic Garden, and Mr. Gammie, of Dar- 
jeeling. The figure represents by no means the largest 
leaves on the plants, some of which are nearly a foot in 
diameter. The leaves of the young plant have often three 
to five cusps irregularly placed beyond the middle. Those 
of the full-grown tree are much smaller and are always 
entire and green. 

Desce.^ A tall erect evergreen tree. Leaves long-petioled, 
four to six inches broad and rather longer, broadly ovate- or 
orbicular-cordate, acuminate, coriaceous, glossy green with 
red midrib and nerves, the young more or less deep blood- 
red throughout beneath, but above shot with green ; petiole 
red, cyhndric, two to three inches long ; stipules in pairs, 
one to two inches long, obliquely oblong or broader upwards, 
coriaceous, nerved, closely applied face to face in the young 
state, and enclosing a young branch, or the inflorescence, 
which is sharply bent inwards. Flowers in globose uni- 
sexual or polygamous heads an inch in diameter, on bracteate 
silky simple or branched peduncles ; bracts oblong, caducous. 
Calyx-tubes confluent; limb a five-crenate fleshy margin 
(perhaps the disk). Petals linear- oblong, very irregular in 
number, size, and position. Stamens numerous, filaments 
short, slender ; anthers basifixed, oblong. Ovary two-celled. 
btt/les two, divergent, subulate. Capsules in a globose head, 
each two-celled, with about six seeds in each cell; two 
upper seeds fusiform and angular, quite solid, without an 
embryo; lower with a long flat ascending wing from one 
side; embryo with oblong flattened cotyledons and a short 
superior radicle. — J. I). H. 

,k V v ,-, i ; 2 ;.P eta l S; ,. 3and4 ' stam<ins ; 5 >* female head; 6, disk and 

.!> U.'l t Sectl °" nt dltt(1 ' **«> Petal; 8, transverse section of ditto; 9, 

'■%™' ° n ° f d,tt ° ; "• embr . vo i 12 > imperfect seed -.-all but Jigs. 1 



Tab. 6508. 
STENOMBSSON luteovibide. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeyllidace/E. — Tribe Panceatie^e. 
Genus Stenosiesson, Herb.; (Baker in Hcf. Bot. sub t. 308.) 

Ktenomesson (Coburgia) luteo-viride ; bulbo globoso tunicis membranaceis 
brunneis collo elongato cjliudrico semipedali, foliis synanthiis lineari-ioratis 
viridibus, scapo ancipiti terminali sesquipedali, umbellis 5-G-floris pedicellis 
brevibus, spatbse valvis magnis ovato-lanceolatis, perianthio luteo-viridi 4- 
pollicari, ovario oblongo, tubo subcylindrico, segmentis oblongis cuspidatis tubo 
2-3-plo brevioribus, filamentis dimidio tnferiori in coronam coalitis margine 
inter filamentorum partem liberara dentibus deltoideis integris vel obscure 
dentatis prsedito, antheris fulvis lineari-oblongis, stylo exserto. 

Tins is a new species from the high Andes of Ecuador, 
which flowered for the first time in the spring of 1879 with 
Messrs. E. G. Henderson and Son, of the Pine Apple 
Nurseries, Maida Vale. It is nearly allied to the well-known 
Coburgia trichroma of Herbert (Bot. Mag. tab. 3867), and 
quite similar to it in its cultural and climatic requirements. 
The present plant differs from trichroma in the colour of its 
flowers and by its longer corona and more acute green 
leaves. There does not appear to be any valid character to 
separate Coburgia as a genus from Stenomesson, and the 
latter has the claim of priority. I do not think we can 
properly regard the first six species of Coburgia as admitted 
in Kunth's Synopsis as more than mere varieties of the 
plant that was first described by Ruiz and Pavon in 1802 
under the name of Pancratium variegatum. 

Descu. Bulb globose, two or three inches in diameter, 
with thin brown membranous tunics, which extend up the 
cylindrical neck to a length of six or eight inches. Leaves 
about four, contemporary with the flowers in spring, linear- 
lorate, fleshy, bright green, glabrous, a foot long at the 
flowering-time, an inch broad, narrowed gradually to the 

AUGUST 1st, 1880. 

point. Scape green, ancipitous, produced from the end of 
the neck of the bulb, a foot and a half long. Umbel five- or 
six-flowered ; pedicels very short ; spathe- valves ovate- 
lanceolate, green at the flowering-time, two or three inches 
long. Ovary oblong-trigonous, green, half an inch long; 
perianth-tube subcylindrical, greenish-yellow, between two 
and three inches long ; segments oblong, cuspidate, perma- 
nently ascending and much imbricated, yellow with a 
distinct green keel, an inch long. Corona green, half an 
inch^ long, inserted at the throat of the perianth-tube, 
furnished with a simple or obscurely toothed deltoid process 
between the base of the free portion of each filament; 
anthers fulvous, linear-oblong, versatile, under half an inch 
long. Style finally much longer than the perianth ; stigma 
capitate. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Section of flower : — of the natural she. 


Tab. 6509. 
EPIMEDIUM Peiuulderiandm. 

Native of Algeria. 

Nat. Ord. Berberide.e. — Tribe Berbere.e. 
Genus Epimemum, Linn.; (Benih. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 44.) 

Epimedium Perralderianum; sparse patentim pilosa, folits 3-folioIaris, foliolis 
coriaceis perennantvbus cordato-ovatis acutis cUiato-dentatis, sinu elongate 
angusto, auriculis rotundatis, pedunculo radicali petiolo ae^uilongo, raoemo 
multifloro glanduloso-piloso, pedieellis gracilibus horizontaliter pitentibus, 
floribus aureis, sepalis extimis minutis oblongis obtasis caducis, intimis fere 
orbicularibus horizontalibus late irabricatis, petti orum lamina erect* inirgine 
dentata, calcare incurva robusta obtusa laminae ascruilonga, staminibus petalis 
triplo longioribus flavis. 

E. Perralderianum, Cosson in Kralik PI. Alger. Sel. exsinc No. 100, et in Ball. 
Soc. Bat. France, vol. ix. p. 167 (1867) ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 683. 

This is the African representative of the Persian and 
Caucasian Epimedium pinnatum, tab. 4156, from which it 
is distinguished by its leaves being invariably only tri-folio- 
late, and by its much more strongly ciliate- toothed leaflets, 
which are perennial, and when young of a beautiful bronze- 
colour shot with green. In the form and colouring of the 
sepals and petals these two species are so alike that they can 
hardly be ranked higher than geographical forma, and it is 
far from improbable that specimens connecting them will be 
found in Southern Europe, if not in Africa. The texture of 
the leaves is so firm that even in this climate they persist 
during the winter. 

Epimedium Perralderianum is a native of the moun- 
tain-woods of Babor, Foughell and Tababor in Eastern 
Khabylie, at elevations of 3000 to 5000 feet, whence it was 
introduced into cultivation by Dr. Cosson. The plants 
from which our figure is taken are perfectly hardy in Kew, 
and were presented by Dr. Reichenbach. 

AUGUST 1st, 1880. 

The species is named by Dr. Cosson after H. de 
Perraudiere, one of his companions during an expedition 
into the mountains of Eastern Khabylie in 1861, when the 
species was discovered. It flowers early in June. 

Descr. Sparsely clothed with spreading lax scattered 
hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate, petiole slender, rigid, flexuous, a 
span long and under ; leaflets rigid, coriaceous, two to three 
inches long by one and a half to two broad, ovate-cordate 
or orbicular-ovate, acute, acutely closely ciliate-toothed, basal 
sinus deep narrow, the rounded basal lobes sometimes over- 
lapping, rigid, when young of a fine red bronze colour shot 
with green ; petiolules one to one and a half inch long. Scape 
equalling the leaves, springing directly from the root-stock, 
many-flowered ; raceme glandular-pubescent, twelve- to 
twenty- flowered ; pedicels slender, one-third to two-thirds 
of an inch long, horizontal; bracts small, caducous. Flowers 
bright yellow, three-quarters to two-thirds of an inch in 
diameter. External sepals minute, oblong, caducous ; inner 
orbicular or broadly oblong, horizontally spreading, broadly 
imbricate. Petals with a cucullate toothed lamina ; spur 
stout, obtuse, cylindric, incurved, about as long as the blade. 
Stamens twice as long as the petals ; anthers narrowly 
linear. Ovary cylindric, undulate on the ventral face ; style 
incurved. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Petal ; 2, stamens ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 




L Reeve & C° London 

Tab. 6510. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Melanthace.e.— Tribe Helonie^e. 

Genus Chionographis, Maxim.; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Loud. vol. xvii. 

p. 469.) 

Chionogeaphis Japonica ; glaberrima, foliis radicalibus rosulatis sessilibus v. in 
petiolum angustatis late v. anguste elliptico-oblongis v. elliptico-lanceolatia 
acntis plus minusve dentatis costa distincta nervis valde obliquis caulinis 
linearibus, scapo angulato, spica brevi et oblonga v. elongata erecta multiflora, 
rachi acute angulata, perianth)! albi segmentis 4 v. 6 anguste linearibus obtusis 
a basi ad apicem obtusam sensirn dilatatis, 2 superioribus longioribus, 2 int'eri- 
oribus minutis v. obsoletis, filamentis brevissimis crassis, antheris didymis 
subextrorsum dehiscentibus, ovario subgloboso 3-lobo 3-loculare, stigmatibus 
3 clavellatio, ovulis in loculis 2 medio angulo iateriori affixis anatropis, 
micropjle lata supera, raphe ventrali. 

C. japonica, Maximoviez in Bull. Acad. Sc. St. Petersb. vol. vi. p. 209 (Dec. iii.) ; 
Franch. et Sav. Enum. PL Jap. vol. ii. p. 86 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. 
vol. xvii. p. 469. 

Melanthium luteum, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 152. 
M. japonicum, Willd. in Berl. Mag. vol. ii. p. 22. 

Helonias ? japonica, Schultes jil. Sy&t. Veg. vol. Vii. p. 1567 ; Kunth. Enum. 
vol. iv. p. 175. 

Chamaelirion luteum, Miq. in Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. vol. iii. p. 144, non A. Gray. 

Though, originally described by Thunberg nearly a century 
ago, this is a very rare and little-known plant, of which we 
have seen no native specimens but those collected by 
Maximoviez in 1863, and one communicated by Captain 
Blomfield, R.N., in 1873. It is referred by Mr. Baker in 
his valuable paper on the aberrant tribes of LiliareiB to the 
group Heluniea', and its immediate affinity is with the 
Eastern N. American genera Helonias and Ghamcelirium. It 
is the only species of the genus. 

This very singular plant was raised from seed sent by 
Mr. Maries to Messrs. Veitch, with whom it flowered in 
April of the present year. 

Desor. A quite glabrous perennial herb, six to twelve 

AUGUST 1st, 1880. 

inches high, with rosulate radical leaves, and a simple 
slender leafy scape, bearing a spike of white flowers with 
very long pc rianth-segments and minute stamens. Leaves, 
radical two to three inches long, sessile or narrowed into a 
stout or slender petiole, variable in shape, from liriear-oblong 
to broadly elliptic, acute, irregularly toothed or almost en- 
tire, dark green on both surfaces, midrib very distinct, 
nerves very oblique ; cauline leaves linear, quite sessile. 
Scape strict, acutely angled, as is the rachis of the spike. 
Spilce at first oblong, obtuse, usually lengthening to four or 
five inches, strict, erect, many-flowered. Flowers quite 
sessile and appressed to the rachis ; bracts and bracteoles 
none. Perianth about three-quarters of an inch in diameter 
across the segments, pure white ; segments six, or four, the 
two lower being suppressed, or three, with the three lower 
suppressed, all widely spreading, strict, narrowly linear, but 
slightly dilated from the base to the obtuse point ; two 
upper (when four or six) the longest, about half an inch 
long ; two lateral about one-third shorter, ascending ; two 
lower very short, deflexed. Stamens six, filaments very 
short and stout ; anther-cells reniform, adnate to the fila- 
ment, bursting outwards. Ovary globose, three-lobed, 
three-celled ; stigmas three, recurved, club-shaped, obtuse ; 
ovules two in each cell, adnate to the middle of the inner 
angle, anatropous, with ventral raphe and superior large 
open micropyle. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with three perianth-segments seen in front; 2, another with six 
seen from the back; 8, back and front view of stamen ; 4, ovary; 5, section of the 
same ; 6, ovule : — all enlarged. 


k .,- : y 

' iC°Londc 

Tab. 6511. 


Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amartllidacejb.— Sub-order Agave.e. 
Genus Agave, Linn. ; {Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 818.) 

Agave (Littea) horrida ; acaulis, foliis 30-40 dense rosulatis ensiformibus sub- 
pedalibus apiee spina pungente corneo magna armatis margine lato eorneo 
griseo cinctis aculeis magnis distantibus insequalibus armato, pedunculo foliis 
3-4-plo superante, bracteis vacuis subulatis squarrosis, floribus in paniculam 
subspicatam densam cylindricara aggregatis geminis breviter pedunculatis et 
pedicellatis, bracteis parvis linearibus, ovario cylindrico-trigrmo, tubo brevi late 
infundibulari, segmentis oblongis purpureo-viridibus, staminibus ad tubi fauceni 
insertis segmentis 2-3-plo longioribus, stylo deoium filamentis aequilongo. 

A. horrida, Lemaire ; Jacobi Monog. pp. 43 and 207 ; Nachtrage, p. 15 ; K. Koch 
in Wochenschrift, vol. xii. p. 177 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. n. a. vol. vii. 
(1877), p. 621, fig. 99. 

A. Kegel iana and Desmetiana, Sort, non Jacobi. 

This is one of the best known of the smaller Agaves with 
a distinct continuous horny border to the leaf. It was 
introduced from Mexico by Verschaffelt in 1862, and is now 
to be found in all the more complete collections, but usually 
under the name either of Begeliana or Desmetiana, both of 
which rightfully belong to species of another section. I 
am not aware that there is any record of its having flowered. 
Our drawing was made from a plant in the collection so 
liberally lent to Kew by J. T. Peacock, Esq., of Hammer- 
smith, which has been on exhibition for a considerable time 
in the south wing of the Temperate House, where it flowered 
in the spring of this present year. The flowers are notably 
proterandrous, the style not reaching its full length, nor 
the stigma becoming papilldse, till long after the anthers ot 
the same flower are withered. I believe that A. triangularis, 
grandidentata, and Maigretiwna of Jacobi, and A. Gilbeyi 
of Haage and Schmidt, will all prove to be forms of this 

AUGUST 1st, 1880. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Leaves thirty or forty in a dense 
rosette, ensiform, about a foot long, two inches broad, rigid 
in texture, flat and bright green on the face, duller green 
on the back, the point armed with a large pungent spine, 
the edges margined with a continuous distinct persistent 
grey horny border, which is furnished with numerous irre- 
gular large falcate brown horny prickles. Peduncle three 
or four times as long as the leaves, furnished with abundant 
subulate squarrose empty bracts. Spike cylindrical, about 
as long as the peduncle, seven or eight inches in diameter 
when the flowers are fully expanded ; flowers arranged in 
pairs, each flower with a distinct pedicel, and each pair with 
a short peduncle and small linear bract, Ovary green, 
cylindrical-trigonous, under an inch long; tube funnel- 
shaped, a quarter of an inch long ; segments oblong, green 
tinged with claret-purple, as long as^the ovary. Stamens 
inserted at the throat of the perianth-tube ; filaments claret- 
purple, two inches long; anthers linear-oblong, half an inch 
long, btyle finally as long as the filaments, but not till 
alter the anthers have withered.— J. G Baker 

*, X ?Z£ S^i&! and 3 - portims of "— ; 3 > *>- - 


: Brooks Day & 


Tab. 6512. 
CRINUM Kierii. 

Native of East Tropical Africa. 


Genus Crinum, Linn.; {Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 547.) 

Crinum Kirkii ; bulbo magno globoso collo elongato, foliia lorato-lamvolatis 
acuminatis 3— 1-pedalibus viridibus recurvatis maigine distincte ciliatis, Mapo 
crasso compresso sesquipedali, umbellis sessilibus 12-15-fIoris, Bpathte valvis 
magnis rabellis, perianthii 9-10-polJicaris tubo cylindrico viridulo oarrato, 
linibi cernui segmentis oblongo-lanceulatis acuminatis tubo paulo lom;ioribus 
albis dorso carina diatincta cocci nea decoratis, staniinibus limbo distincte 
brevioribus, stylo staniinibus longiori stigmate capitate 

This is a very fine new Crinum of the ornatum group, of 
which the bulb was sent home about two years ago by 
Dr. Kirk from Zanzibar. It flowered for the first time at 
Kew in the autumn of 1879. Its nearest ally is C. Forbes- 
ianum, from Delagoa Bay, which was lost for a long time, 
but which we have again lately received and flowered. 
The present plant has flowers as large and as brightly 
coloured as in the finest forms of ornatum, but may be 
recognized at a glance by its short very stout peduncle 
and very large acuminate leaves, with a distinctly ciliated 

Descr. Bulb globose, six or seven inches in diameter, 
with membranous pale-brown outer tunics and a neck half 
a foot long: and about three inches in diameter. Leaves 
about a dozen to a rosette, developed at the same time as 
the flowers, lorate, acuminate, three or four feet long, four 
or four and a half inches broad in the lower half, narrowed 
gradually from the middle to the point, bright green, re- 
flexing in an early stage, undulated towards the margin 
and conspicuously ciliated with minute white bristl. 
Peduncles two or three to a bulb, compressed, about a foot 


aod a half long, an inch in diameter. Flowers twelve to 
fifteen in a sessile centripetal umbel ; spathe- valves deltoid, 
red-brown, membranous, three or four inches long. Perianth 
nine or ten inches long ; tube cylindrical, suberect, curved, 
greenish, rather shorter than the cernuous limb, the seg- 
ments of which are oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, an inch 
or an inch and a quarter broad at the middle, pure white, 
with a very distinct broad crimson stripe down the keel. 
Stamens declinate, more than an inch shorter than the 
perianth segments ; anthers linear, versatile, half an inch 
long. Style overtopping the stamens ; stigma small, capi- 
tate. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, much reduced in size ; 2, margin of leaf, magnified. 



L Reeve &C?Londou. 

Tab. 6513. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Rotace.e.— Tribe Aurantie.e. 
Genus Citrus, Louriero ; (Benth. el Hook.f. Gen. Pi. vol. i. p. 305 et 992.) 

CiTBUS trifoliata; glaberrima, spinosa, foliolis ellipticis subacutis v. obtusis 
crenulatis, floribus subsessilibus solitariis 4-5-meris, sepalis oblongo-ovatis 
concavis, petalis multo longioribus obovatis concavis, filamentis suba^qualibus 
basi dilatatis, disco annulari. 

C. trifoliata, Linn. Sp. PL 1101 ; Franch. et Sav. PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 74. 

C. trifolia, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 294. 

Mg\e sepiaria, DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 538. 

Pseudjegle sepiaria, Mia. in Ann. Mus. Lugcl. Bat. vol. ii. p. 83 ; Kcempf. Amarn. 
p. 801, t. 802. 

This singular and free-flowering shrub is much less 
known than it deserves to be, it being, in fact, almost un- 
known in English gardens, though perfectly hardy, free- 
flowering, and^sweet-scented. It has stood unprotected in 
the open border of the Arboretum of Kew for several years, 
and hitherto has been quite uninjured, even the tender- 
young shoots resisting the early frosts and long-protracted 
cold of the last two inclement seasons ; a fact the more 
sino-ular when it is considered that the whole plant is ever- 
green in respect of leaves, branches, and spines, though the 
leaves are deciduous. . .. 

G. trifoUata is a native of Japan, where it is much culti- 
vated both as a garden plant and for fences ; its trmt, 
which resembles a small orange, is described as very bitter 
and having laxative properties. As an early-flowering and 
sweet-scented hardy shrub, this Citrus is likely td i prove a 
favourite, and should it be eventually unable to withstand a 
winter of unusual severity in the open border, it may still be 
safe on a wall with or without protection. The flowers 


appeared in the middle of May of this very backward year, 
but no fruit has been formed; the leaves were not fully 
developed till the end of June. It need hardly be stated 
that the five-petalled variety is much more attractive than 
the four-petalled. 

Descr. A glabrous shrub, three to five feet high, with 
stout spreading terete smooth green shining branches, and 
strong straight thorns an inch long and upwards. Leaves 
appearing after the flowers, three-foliolate ; petiole about 
half an inch long, flattened ; leaflets elliptic, sessile, crenu- 
late, obtuse, emarginate, coriaceous, dotted with pellucid 
oil-glands ; lateral often oblique, about one inch, the 
terminal one and a half inch long. Flowers solitary in the 
axils of the spines, very shortly pedicelled, about one inch 
in diameter. Sepals four or five, small, oblong, concave, 
deciduous. Petals four or five, two-thirds of an inch 
long, obovate, almost clawed, concave, incurved, snow- 
white. Stamens eight, or ten, inserted in a thick annular 
pubescent disk, filaments flattened, connate at the base, 
reddish below the middle ; anthers oblong. Ovary globose, 
two or more celled pubescent; and stigma very short, 
crenate ; ovules one in each cell. Fruit a small orange. — 
J. D. H. b 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, stamen; 3, disk and ovary; 4, vertical 
section of the same ; 5, transverse section of ovary :— all enlarged. 



L.Tteeve C?iondoTi 

Tab. 6514. 
GENTIANA ornata. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane^e. — Tribe Sweeties. 
Genus Gentiana, Linn.; (Bentk. et Rook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 815.) 

Gentiana (Pneumonanthe) ornata ; caulibus e radice perennanti decumbentibus 
gracilibus foliosis, foliia parvis ovato- v. oblongo-lanceolatis linearibusve 
inargine cartilagineis Uevissimis, floribus sessilibas terminalibus solitariis, 
calycis 5-fidi lobis ovato- v. lineari-lanceolatis corollam dimidiam acquantibus, 
corolla coerulea, tubo subcylindraceo inflato v. subinfundibulari striato, lobis 5 
parvis triangulari-ovatis acutis plicis triangularibus obtusis integris multo 
longioribus, antheris liberis, capsula fusiformi pedicellato corollae sequilonga, 
seminis testa lamellato-rugosa exalata. 

G. ornata, Wall. Cat. n. 4386; Griseb. in DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 110. 

Pneumonanthe ornata, Don Gard. Diet vol. iv. p. 194. 

This beautiful little Gentian is a native of the rich alpine 
meadows of the Himalaya, where it represents the Cf.frit/iJa 
of the Hungarian Alps, and from which it differs in the 
cartilaginous margins of the leaves, and the absence of the 
filamentous remains of old stems on the summit of the 
root-stock, as also in the colour of the corolla, which is of an 
intense blue, not white, like the European species. 

The G. ornata is confined to the central and eastern 
Himalaya; it was discovered by Wallich's collectors in 
Central Nepal, and I have gathered it abundantly in Sikkim 
at elevations of 13,000 to 16,000 feet. 

I am indebted to Mr. SadJer, of the Edinburgh Botanical 
Gardens, for sending the specimen here figured, which 
flowered in May. Some of the native specimens have much 
longer, narrower, and acuminate leaves, and more funnel- 
shaped corollas. 

Desce. Stems numerous, three to five inches long, 
spreading from the root-stock, decumbent with ascending 


tips, sparingly branched, slender, leafy, red. Leaves half 
an inch long, ovate-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acute, 
acuminate or obtuse, deep green with a pale midrib, margin 
narrowly cartilaginous, quite smooth. Flowers solitary and 
sessile at the ends of the branches, an inch long. Calyx-tube 
narrowly campanulate ; lobes five, similar to the leaves, 
half as long as the corolla, spreading stellately. Corolla- 
tube subcylindric, a little inflated, whitish striped with blue ; 
lobes five, small, triangular-ovate, acute, intensely blue, ■ 
much longer than the small entire obtuse folds. Stamens 
inserted about the middle of the tube ; anthers free. Ovary 
fusiform, stipitate, stigmas revolute. Capsule fusiform, 
enclosed in the corolla-tube, and as long as it is. Seeds 
with a lamellate rugose testa, not winged. — /. D. II. 

Fig. I, Flower vertically cut open, with two uppermost leaves of the branch 
2, stamen ; 3, lip of ovary and stigmas ; 4, ovules -.—all enlarged. 


A&nceut Brooks Day & ! 


Tab. 6515. 
HELICHRYSUM frigidum. 

Native of Corsica. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Inuloide.e. 
Genus Helichbysum, Gcertn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 309.) 

Helicheysxjm (Xerochlffina) frigidum ; perenne, herbaceum, pumi]um,csespitosum, 
ramis decumbentibus molliter argenteo-sericeis, foliis laxe irnbricatis lineari- 
oblongis obtusis integerrimis, capitulis terminalibus solitariis sessilibus basi 
tomentosis, involucri bracteis lineari-oblongis obtusis, interioribus albis elongatis 
stellatim paten tibus, acbaeniis sericeis, pappi setis paucis 1-seriatis scaberalis. 

H. frigidum, Willd. Sj). PL vol. iii. p. 1908, and DC. Fl. Franc, vol. iv. p. 131 ; 
Prodr. vol. vi. p. 177 ; Gren. et Godr. Fl. Franc, vol. ii. p. 186. 

Gnapbalium bellidiflorum, Viv. Fragm. p. 16, t. 19. 

Xeranthemum frigidum, Lab. PL Syr. Dec. vol. ii. p. 9, t. 4. 

A very remarkable and scarce little alpine plant, found 
hitherto nowhere but in the mountains of Corsica, at ele- 
vations reaching to 6000 feet. It was long supposed to 
be also a native of Syria, it being described and figured by 
the Syrian traveller Labillardiere (under the name of 
Xeranthemum frigidum) as being found by him on Mount 
Lebanon as well as in Corsica, and we have in the Kew 
Herbarium a specimen of it from Labillardiere' s own 
herbarium, communicated by the late Mr. Webb, who 
obtained the herbarium by purchase, and left it by will to 
Florence, but it is not stated whether it is from Corsica or 
Lebanon; as however it is identical with specimens from the 
first-named country, it may be assumed to be a copatriot. 
Boissier, in his Flora Orientalis (vol. iii. p. 239), states 
under II. Billardieri (a Lebanon species and very different 
from II. frigidum) that H. frigidum is erroneously ascribed 
to the Lebanon, and this is the general and, no doubt, correct 

I am indebted to Messrs. Backhouse for the opportunity 


of figuring this beautiful little plant, which flowered at the 
York Nurseries in May, 1879. 

Desgk. A tufted low herb ; stems three to four inches 
long, decumbent, slender, spreading from the perennial 
root, then ascending, clothed with soft silky silvery hairs. 
Leaves one-fourth to one-third of an inch long, lower 
much shorter, loosely imbricating all round the stem and 
brandies from their bases to their tips. Heads solitary, 
terminal, sessile, one-third to two-thirds of an inch in 
diameter. . Involucre obconic ; bracts linear-oblong, obtuse, 
imbricate in many series, woolly, the innermost half an 
inch long and spreading, opaque and white for half their 
length. Receptacles conical, smooth, naked. Floivers of the 
ray in several series, tubular, slender, three-toothed; of 
the disk larger, narrowly funnel-shaped, five-lobed, gla- 
brous. Anther-cells with slender tails. Style-arms truncate. 
Pappus-hairs few, in one series, very slightly thickened 
towards the tip, scabrid. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Receptacle with an inner involucral bract and flower of ray and of the 
disk ; 2, flower of ray and, 3, of the disk ; 4, stamen ; 5, style-arms ; 6, hair of 
pappus : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 6516. 
laciena spectaeilis. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Okchidej?. — Tribe VANDEiE. 
Genus Lacuna, Lindl. ; (Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 612.) 

Lacexa bicolor ; pseudobulbis oblongo-ovoideis compressis Isevibus, foliis magnis 
petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis plicatis nervosis, pedunculo basi pseuf'obulbi 
enato, racemo puberulo pendulo 8-10 floro, bracteis oblongis ovario brevioribus, 
perianthio galeatopallide roseov.albopuncticulis rubro-purpureis asperso, sepalis 
subsequalibus orbiculari-ovatis obtusis concavis, petalis brevioribus unguiculatis 
trulliformibus obtusis conniventibus, labello unguiculato basi articulato lobis 
lateralibus rotundatis incurvis, terminali trulliformi unguiculato retuso purpureo 
dense punctulato, disco inter lobos laterales cornuto, columna supeme ampliata, 
jolliniis 2 pyrifoi mibus, stipite lineari superne dilatato, glandula parva. 

L. spectabilis, Reichb.f. in Bonpland. vol. ii. p. 92 ; Waif. Ann. vol. vi. p. 612. 

Nauenia spectabilis, Klotzsch in Otto et Dietr. Allg. Gartz. 1853, 193. 

A very little-known genus, of which only two species 
have been discovered, the present and L. bicolor, on which 
the genus was founded by Lindley (Bot. Reg. 1844, t. 50), 
and which is a native of Guatemala, The present is by 
very much the handsomer species of the two, and is re- 
markable for the delicate colouring of the perianth, which 
in L. hicolor is of a greenish-yellow hue, and not speckled 
in the lip. The two species differ widely, this Laving a 
much longer claw, a horn, concave in front, between the 
lateral lobes, and a stipitate mid-lobe ; whilst that of L. 
bicolor has a very short claw, a beard between the lateral 
lobes, and an almost sessile mid-lobe. 

Lindley, who named the genus, called it by one of the 
names of Helen (Lacama), because of its beauty; a com- 
pliment which the Botanical Register's representative of 
L. bicolor does not at all merit ; he adds, however, that it 
may also be derived from Xa/a<>, a cleft, in allusion to the 
divisions of the lip. 

L. spectabilis flowered at Kew in the spring of this year; 


the Royal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Wendland, of the 
Royal Gardens of Herrnhausen, Hanover, for the plant. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs narrowly ovoid, three to fonr inches 
long, smooth (till aged), compressed. Leaves elliptic- 
lanceolate, acuminate at both ends, nerved, plaited. Pe- 
duncle from the base of the pseudo-bulb, ascending, then 
decurved with a pendulous raceme of nine or more flowers, 
stout, pubescent; bracts half an inch long, oblong, ap pressed 
to the pubescent ovary, and shorter than it. Perianth 
galeate, one inch in diameter, white suffused with pink, 
sprinkled with minute purple specks. Sepals orbicular- 
ovate, obtuse, concave. Petals smaller, clawed, trulliform, 
obtuse, connivent. Lip equalling the petals, clawed ; claw 
slender, articulate with the base of the column ; lateral 
lobes rounded, incurved, disk between them with a promi- 
nent horn that is concave in front ; mid-lobe stipitate, 
trulliform, closely speckled with purple. Column winged, 
hooded at the top. Pollen-masses two, narrowly pyriform ; 
pedicel linear, dilated upwards, gland very small. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front view of flowers with the sepals spread out ; 2, ditto of column and 
hp; 3 side view of column and lip; 4- and 5, front and back view of pollinia ; 
t>, anther :— all but Jig. 1 enlarged. 


Tab. 6517. 
SALVIA hians. 

Native of Kashmir. 

Nat. Ord. Labiatje.— Tribe MonardEjE. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; (Bentk. et Boole. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 119 i.) 

Salvia (Drymosphace) hians ; herbacea, erecta, villosa, caule robusto 4-gono, foliis 
longe petiolatis deltoideo-ovatis basi truncatis v. hastatis acutis v. acuminatis 
crenato-dentatis rugosis, raceinis simplicibus v. compositis, verticillastris 6-floris, 
calycis campanulati striati colorati glutinosi labio superiore integro truncate, 
inferiore sequilongo dentibus triangulari-ovatis acutis, corolla azurea tubo 
calyce triplo longiore subinflato, limbo brevi hiante, labio superiore brevi 2-lobo 
lobis acutis, inferioris lobis lateralibus brevibus reflexis, intermedio late obcor- 
dato pubescente. 

S. hians, Boyle et Bentk. in Hook. Bot. Misc. vol. iii. p. 373 ; III. Himal. Bot. 
t. 757; Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1841, t. 39 ; Bentk. in DC. Prodr. xii. 276. 

S. macrophylla, Tausch in Flora, 1842, p. 282(F). 

A very handsome perennial, of which seeds, collected in 
Kashmir, were sent to Kew by Dr. Aitchison in 1877. 
He describes it as growing profusely in grassy marshes, 
at elevations of from 8,500 to 11,000 feet, and flowering in 
July and August. It was first found by Royle's collectors, 
sent from the Saharunpore Gardens to Kashmir, and 
flowered at the Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens in 
1840, whence the figure in the Botanical Register was 
made ; but neither this figure, nor Royle's, gives any idea of 
the intense sapphire-blue of the corolla. It has also been 
collected in Kashmir by Jacquemont and Falconer, and, as 
one of the most beautiful plants of that botanically rich 
valley, it can hardly escape the notice of future collectors. 
Dr. Lindley describes it as " one of the gayest of our 
perennials, in consequence of the striking contrast between 
the white and blue of its large flowers." 

The specimen here figured flowered in the herbaceous 
grounds at Kew in June of the present year. 

octobek 1st, 1880. 

Desor. A villous perennial, two to three feet high, with 
stout erect four-angled stems. Leaves three to five inches 
long, long-petioled, deltoid-ovate, acute or acuminate, base 
truncate with rounded lobes or hastate with acute spreading 
lobes, rugose, pubescent on both surfaces ; petiole four to 
eight inches long. Raceme simple or branched at the base, 
eight to twelve inches long, very villous ; lower whorls of 
flowers distant, with leafy bracts; false-whorls six-flowered; 
flowers shortly pedicelled. Calyx half an inch long, gluti- 
nous, subcampanulate, green below, dark above ; lips short, 
broad, acute, lobes bifid. Corolla large, one inch long 
and nearly as broad across the mouth, bright blue, except 
the white mid-lobe of the lip ; tube three times as long as 
the calyx, broad, rather inflated ; upper lip short, bifid, 
with acute lobes ; lower with broad short revolute side 
lobes, and a large broadly-obcordate pendulous mid-lobe. 
Anthers exserted ; connective of sterile anther-cells short. 
Style slender, much exserted. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, portion of corolla and stamen : — both a little 

651 S 


Tab. 6518. 


b. TULIPA iliensis. 

Natives of Siberia and Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e.— Tribe Tuijpes:. 
Genus Tuiipa, Linn. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 275.) 

Titlipa biflora; bulbo parvo ovoideo tunicis intus lanosis, caulibus gracilibus 
puberulis ssepissime 2-3-floris, foliis 2-3 linearibus, periantbii parvi segmentis 
lanceolatis acutis subconformibus intus albidis basi luteis dorso viridulo et pur- 
pureo tinctis, staminibus periantbio triplet brevioribus, filamentis basi pilosis, 
antberis parvis, ovario oblongo-trigono, stigmatibus parvis. 

T. biflora, Linn. Suppl. p. 106 ; Pallas Iter App. no. 86, tab. D, fig. 3 ; Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 535 ; Begel in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. ii. p. 444 ; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 292. 

Orithyia biflora, Kunth Enum. vol. iv. p. 227. 

Tclipa iliensis ; bulbo parvo ovoideo tunicis intus sursum paree setosis, caulibus 
gracilibus unifloris sursum puberulis, foliis 3-4 linearibus viridibus glabris, 
periantbii parvi citreni segmentis exterioribus oblongis subacutis interioribus 
obovatis obtusis, staminibus perianthio subduplo brevioribus, filamentis glabris 
antheris duplo longioribus, ovario oblongo-trigono, stigmatibus parvis. 

T. iliensis, Begel in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. vi. fasc. ii. p. 301 ; Gartenfl. tab. 975, 
fig. c, d ; tab. 982, fig. 4, 5, 6 ; Descr. fasc. vii. p. 220. 

The two plants represented in this plate are amongst the 
least showy species of the genus. T. biflora has been long 
known, but is very seldom seen in cultivation. It is spread 
from the Volga through the western half of Siberia. It is 
notable in the genus for producing normally more than a 
single flower. It has a woolly bulb, like montana, but 
otherwise its affinity is with sylvestris and australw. The 
drawing was made from a plant sent up by Mr. George 
Maw from his garden at Broseley. 

T. iliensis is one of the numerous new species that have 
lately been discovered by the Russian explorers in Central 
Asia. Its alliance is close with T. triphyUa, Bot. Mag. 

OCTOBKB 1st, 1880. 

tab. 6549. In their flowers and leaves these two resemble 
australis, but the stamens are like those of Gesneriance. 
The drawing was made from a plant sent by Mr. F. W. 
Burbidge, which flowered in the garden of Trinity College, 
Dublin, last February. 

Descr. T. bifloba. Bulb small, ovoid, the thin tunics 
woolly inside. Stems under a foot long, slender, slightly 
pilose, bearing usually two or three, rarely four or five 
flowers. Leaves two or three, linear, reaching in cultivation 
a length of six or nine inches. Perianth in cultivation 
about an inch long, white inside, with a yellow throat, 
tinted outside with green and purple ; segments lanceolate, 
acute, the two rows nearly alike in shape. Stamens about 
a third as long as the perianth ; filaments with a tuft of 
hairs at the base; anthers small, linear-oblong. Ovary 
oblong-cylindrical ; stigmas small, sessile. 

T. iltensis. Bulb small, ovoid, the tunics furnished with 
a few adpressed hairs on the inside towards the tip. Stem 
slender, one-flowered, under a foot long, slightly downy 
upwards. Leaves three or four to a stem, linear, acuminate, 
green, glabrous, six to twelve inches long, nnder half an 
inch broad. Perianth an inch long, lemon-yellow ; outer 
segments oblong, subacute ; inner obovate-cuneate obtuse. 
Stamens about half as long as the perianth- segments ; 
filaments linear, glabrous, orange-yellow, twice as long as 
the anthers. Ovary oblong-trigonous, badly developed in 
the specimen drawn ; stigmas small. — J. G. Baker. 

ft, Fig. 1, Whole flower, in section, natural size ; 2, a single stamen, magnified. 
b, Pig. 1, whole flower, in section, natural size. 




iV &.Soabiip 

1 Raeve & CS London. 

Tab. 6519. 

Native of the Caucasus. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Pbune*. 
Genus Peunus, Tourn. ; {Benth. et Rooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 609.) 

Pecnus divaricata ; arbor parva, fere inermis, a basi rarnosa, coma rotundata, 
ramis valde elongatis divaricatis inferioribus borizontalibus fere prostratis, 
ramulis glabris gracillimis, foliis planta florente elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatia 
costa nervisque subtus tomentosis glabratisve demuui late ovatia ovato-corda- 
tisve acuminatis serrulatis glabris, gemmis floriferis 1-floris, pedunculis brevibua 
glabris, floribus £-poll. diain., petalis rotundatis v. obovatis concavis, ovariis 1-2, 
drupa ellipsoidea v. globosa flava, putarnine laavi, ellipsoideo utrinque obtuso 
compresso sed turgido. 

P. divaricata, Ledeb. Ind. Sem. Hort. Borpat. 1824, Swppl. p. 6 ; Fl. Alt. vol. ii. 
p. 211, in nota ; Flor. Boss. vol. ii. p. 5 ; Ic. Fl. Xoss. t. 13 ; DC. Prodr. 
vol. ii. p. 534 ; C. Koch, Bendrolog. vol. i. p. 97; C. A. Meyer, Verz. Pfl. 
Cauc. p. 165. 

This has been for many years one of the most conspicuous 
spring ornaments of the Royal Gardens, where it forms a 
dwarf tree, standing to the west of the Cactus House, near 
the fine specimen of Pinus Coulteri, and so covered with 
white flowers in March or April (according to the season) 
as to appear as if snowed over. The flowers appear with 
the half- developed leaves, but have never been succeeded by 
fruit. Whether this should be considered as anything 
more than the wild form of the Myrobalan Plum, P. cerasi- 
fera, Ehr. (see tab. 5934), has been doubted by the excellent 
observer C. Koch, as I have stated under the latter plant ; 
and, indeed, the characters whereby most of the native 
plums are separated, are not of very much moment. With 
regard to P. divaricata, however, its leaves, when lull 
grown, broadening at the base, and appearing with its 
smaller flowers, and its fruit not being intruded at the 
base, together with its remarkable habit, would appear to 
constitute suflficiently marked diagnostic characters. The 
petals which are almost orbicular in the Kew specimens are 
more obovate in native ones from the Caucasus, collected 

OCTOBER 1st, 1880. 

by Hohenacker, and in others from the Copenhagen 

Prunus divaricata was introduced into England in 1822, 
according to London, probably from the Dorpat Gardens, 
when under the direction of its describer Ledebour, and is 
a small tree ten to twelve feet high and broad, forming a 
hemispherical mass on the ground with a singularly grace- 
ful ramification ; according to Boissier, it has a very wide 
geographical range, from Macedonia to the Caucasus and 
Northern Persia. The specimen at Kew was procured by 
the late Curator, Mr. J. Smith, from Messrs. Osborne, of 
Fulham, about thirty-eight years ago. 

Desce. A small tree, ten to twelve feet high, branching 
from the very base, the branches numerous, slender, wide- 
spreading, the lower lying almost flat on the ground ; the 
whole forming a hemispherical or rounded mass ; branchlets 
slender, glabrous. Leaves appearing with the flowers, 
when young lanceolate, acuminate, serrate, pubescent in 
the midrib and nerves beneath, when fully formed two by 
one and a half inch long and broad, more ovate and often 
subcordate at the base, finely serrate, and glabrous beneath ; 
petiole slender, glabrous. Flowers three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter, solitary from the flowering buds, pe- 
duncle short, glabrous. Calyx with ovate-lanceolate re- 
curved lobes. Petals rounded, concave. Stamens white 
with yellow anthers. Ovaries one or two. Fruit one inch 
long, ellipsoid or globose, base not intruded, yellow ; stone 
(from native specimens) half an inch long, broadly ellipsoid, 
compressed but turgid, obtuse at both ends, subacute 
along one margin, and with a sharp-edged groove along the 
other; faces quite smooth. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut vertically ; 2, ditto with petals removed, showing two ovaries: 
6, stamens ; 4, stigma : — all enlarged. 


VmcentBrocteDay & Scmiop 

^ Clotuclan 

Tab. 6520. 
ALOE Greenii. 

Native probably of the Gape. 

Nat. Orel. Liliacej^.— Tribe Aloine.e. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; {Kuntli Enum. vol. iv. p. 492.) 

Aloe Greenii ; breviter caulescens, caule simplici, folns 10-12 dense rosulatis 
lanceolatis sesquipedalibus viridibus obscure verticahter lineatis et maculis 
copiosis oblongis albidis confluentibus irregukriter transversaliter seriatm 
decoratis, pedunculo subpedali, paniculfe ramis strictis 5-7, racenns oblongis 
vel demum cylindricis, pedicellis flore subtriplo brevionbus, bracteis lanceolatis 
acuminatis pedicello subsquilongis, periantbii pallide rubn 15 lin. longi tubo 
medio insigniter constricto, segmentis oblongis tubo 2-3-plo brevionbus, 
genitalibus demum perianthio subsequilongis. 

A. Greenii, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. ined. 

This is a well-marked new species of Aloe of the group 
Pidw which we have for some time cultivated at Kew. 
All that I can make out for certain about its history is 
that it was received under the name which I have adopted 
from Mr Wilson Saunders, and that this name was given 
to it by Mr. T. Cooper, but that it is not one of the p ants 
which the latter collected in his travels in Cape Colony 
which yielded so many interesting discoveries m this set ol 
plants. In the Pictce group of Aloes the present plant may 
be readily distinguished by its elongated racemes and by 
the strong construction of the perianth-tube at the middle. 
Our plate was drawn from a specimen that flowered in the 
Suoculent House at Kew in October, 1879. 

De SCH Well-grown plants furnished with a short simple 
stem below the rosette of leaves. Leaves twelve or fifteen 
ma dele rosette, lanceolate, fifteen to eighteen inches 
long, three inches broad in the lower part narrowed 
gradually from two-thirds of the way down to a long point 
C in the lower half on the face to a late stage, a quarter 
or a third of an inch thick in the centre, bright green, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1880. 

obscure vertical whitish lines and broad irregular trans- 
verse bands of confluent oblong whitish spots, the crowded 
deltoid-cuspidate ascending marginal prickles an eighth or 
a sixth of an inch long, connected by a very narrow horny 
line. Peduncle stiffly erect, about a foot long. Panicle 
about as long as the peduncle, with five or seven branches ; 
racemes oblong or finally oblong-cylindrical, four to nine 
inches long, three inches in diameter when fully expanded ; 
lower pedicels about half an inch long ; bracts lanceolate 
acuminate, as long as the pedicels. Perianth pale red, an 
inch and a quarter long ; tube globose at the base and 
very much constricted at the middle ; segments oblong, a 
third or half as long as the tube. Longer stamens and 
style finally as long as the perianth. Style twice as long as 
the oblong ovary. — J. G. Baker. 

A. Whole plant, much reduced. Fig. 1, a flower, cut open ; 2, stamens, showing 
back and face ; 3, pistil ; 4, horizontal section of ovary : — all magnified. 


%** X 

MS dr.. 



Tab. 6521. 
STELIS Beuckmulleei. 

Native of the Andes. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide-E. — Tribe Pleubothalle^. 
Genus Stelis, Sivartz ; (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 11.) 

Stelis BrucTcmulleri ; ceespitosa, glaberrima, folio elliptice-lanceolato in petiolum 
angustato apice 2-fido convexo medio profunde canaliculate racemo sohtano 
filiforme folio duplo longiore erecto multifloro, floribus numerosis dissitis 
undique spectantibus, bracteis infundibularibus ore valde obhquo mfinns 
parvia vacuis, periantbio J-poll. diam., sepalis Eequalibus late ovatis subacutis 
basi connatis pallide purpureis intus longe sparse pilosis, petalis dolabrifonmbus, 
labio parvo peltatim stipitato stipite geniculate lamina ovato-oblonga obtusa 
basi truncata medio longitudinaliter alata, columna apice utnnque late aunculata 
auriculis patentibus obovato-rotundatis. 

S. Briickmulleri, Beichb.f. in Sort. Veitck. 

This singular little orchid resembles the green-flowered 
Stelis oppioglossoides of Swartz, a West Indian plant, 
figured in the Botanical Register (tab. 935), but has smaller 
leaves and flowers, and the latter are of a purple colour 
and hairy inside ; the bracts too are different, those of the 
species here figured resembling funnel-shaped cups with 
very oblique mouths. Like all the other species of the 
genus, it is of botanical interest rather than horticultural. 

The' specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
in December of last year from plants presented by Messrs. 
Yeitch, of the Royal Exotic Nurseries, Chelsea, and was 
named' as above by Professor Reichenbach, but I do not 
find it described anywhere. It is probably a native of the 
Mexican Andes. . 

Descb Tufted. Leaves one and a half to two inches 
long exclusive of the petiole, which is as long, one-half 
to two-thirds of an inch broad, elliptic-lanceolate, rather 
narrower at the base than at the bifid tip, convex above 

octobeb 1st, 1880. 

with a deep median groove, very coriaceous, bright green ; 
petiole enclosed for half its length in a membranous brown 
ribbed sheath ' with a truncate mouth. Racemes very 
shortly peduncled, solitary from each leaf-sheath, two or 
three times as long as the leaf, erect, very slender, clothed 
at intervals with bracts from near the base to the summit ; 
bracts one-tenth of an inch long, between cup- and funnel- 
shaped, with a very oblique mouth, lowest smaller and 
narrower without flowers, uppermost with an acute lip. 
Flowers at intervals of one-sixth of an inch along the 
rachis, about one-sixth of an inch in diameter, inserted all 
round the rachis. Perianth subcampanulate, trigonous in 
bud, yellowish purple without, pale purple within. Sepals 
broadly ovate, acute, united at the base, three-nerved; 
clothed with long flexuous spreading hairs within. Petals 
very minute, axe-shaped with an incurved edge. Lip 
minute, peltately attached to a curved stipes, undivided, 
cordate-oblong, obtuse, with a longitudinally rather 
thickened disk. Column with a large spreading auricle on 
each side at the top. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side view of flower ; 2, front view of the same with the sepals removed, 
showing the two petals, lip, and spreading auricles of the column ; 3, sepal ; 4, petal; 
5, lip; 0, side view of column and lip ; 7, external, and, 8, internal view of anther- 
case ; 9, pollen : — all greatly enlarged. 


I Reeve tC?] 

Tab. 6522. 

LATHYRUS rotundifolius. 

Native of South Russia and Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. LeguminosejE. — Tribe Vicie.e. 
Genus Lathybtts, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 52G.) 

LiTHYETJS rotundifolius ; glaberrimus, caule elato late alato ramoso, folus 1-jugis, 
foliolis elliptico- v. obovato-rotundatis 3-5-nerviis obtusis subacutisve apiculiitis, 
stipulis semisagittatis oblongis lanceolatisve acutis petiolum vix a;quantibus, 
pedunculis folio sublongioribus, racemis 6-7-floris, cal.ycis lobis tnan^ulanbus 
acutis tubo brevioribus, corolla rosea, legumine longe lineari subincurvo paulo 
compresso basi subatfcenuato dorso carinato, seminibus oblongis reticulatis. 

L. rotundifolius, Willd. Sp.Pl. vol. iii. p. 1088; Bieberst. Fl. Taur.Cauc. vol ii. 
p. 156*; Cent. Plant. Bar. Boss. vol. i. t. 22 ; DC. Prodr. vol. u. p. .370; 
Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 612. 

L. miniatus, Stev. Verz. Taur. p. 140. 

L. peduncularis, Poir. Encycl. Suppl. vol. ii. p. 775. 

This very beautiful plant has been long cultivated in 
Eno-land, though when and how introduced is not certain. 
It ?s not described in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, nor, up to 
this time, cultivated at Kew ; it is not included in Mamaout 
and Decaisne's "Flore Elementaire des Jardins et des 
Champs," which is the fullest work of the kind known to 
me, nor do I find it in the more accessible works devoted 
to English out-of-door gardening; yet I observed it last 
summer growing in the gardener's cottage at Lytchett, and 
it probably occurs elsewhere, though overlooked as too like 
an Everlasting Pea to be worth notice. Nevertheless it is 
one of the most charming plants of its kind, perfectly 
hardy, a free flowerer, and for the brilliancy and delicacy 
of its rose-coloured flowers, it ought to be a favourite. 
Like its near ally, the Everlasting Pea, it is scentless. > 

A variety of this plant, L.r(rtwtidifoUu8 t Y*r.elUpti(W, which 
is figured in the Botanical Register, tab. 333, is a very 
inferior plant, with much smaller and darker-coloured, more 

OCTOBEB 1st, 1880. 

purple flowers ; it appears to have been cultivated in the 
Birmingham Botanic Gardens in 1836. 

L. rotundifolius has a wide range ; we have examined 
specimens in the Herbarium from Roumelia, the Crimea, 
Asia Minor, and the Caucasus, and according to Boissier it 
extends eastwards to Northern Persia. I am indebted to 
Mr. Corderoy, of Blewbury, near Didcot, a valued corre- 
spondent and cultivator of succulent plants, for the specimen 
here figured, which flowered in his garden in June of the 
present year. 

Descr. A perfectly glabrous climbing Everlasting Pea; 
branches broadly winged. Leaves with a short petiole, 
one pair of leaflets, and a filiform branched tendril ; leaflets 
two to two and a half inches long, orbicular or broadly- 
elliptical or subovate, obtuse with a short apiculus, pale 
green, three- to five-nerved; petiole shorter than the leaflets, 
winged ; stipules large, hastate with acute tips and basal 
lobes. Racemes on a slender peduncle equalling the leaves, 
many-flowered; bracts minute. Mowers three-quarters to 
one inch in diameter, bright rose-pink. Calyx with tri- 
angular acute lobes. Standard orbicular, rather contracted 
towards the claw, bifid ; wings small, obtuse. Pod elon- 
gate, linear, turgid, somewhat compressed, keeled at the 
back. Seeds oblong, reticulated. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of calyx, staminal tube and ovary ; 2, standard ; 3, wings ; 4, keel 
5, stamens ; 6, ovary ; 7, stigma :— all but fig. 5 of the natural size. 


Mr.cent Broolcs JJay kSon Imp 

1_ Rcove & C° London 

Tab. 6523. 

Native of the United States of Columbia. 

Nat. Ord. AsoiDEiE— Tribe LASioiDEiE. 
Genus Deacontium, Linn.; {Engler in A. DC. Monog. JPhanerog. vol. ii. p. 282.) 

Dbacontium Carderi; petiolo gracili laevi glaberrimo marmorato, lamina viridi 
3-partita segmento medio 2-fido lateralibus indivisis v. 2-fidis, omnibus pallida 
viridibus infra medium pinnati-partitis supra medium pinnatifidis, pinnia 
lobisque membranaceis multinerviis circumscriptione valde irregukribaa aliis 
elliptico-ovatis oblongisve acutis sequi- v. insaqmkteria, aliis majoriboa invgu- 
lariter lobulatis v. rarius pertusis, pedunculo gracili stricto folio daplo longiore 
Isevi glaberrimo, spatba pedali lanceolata acuminata eztna turide viridi ooatia 
fusco-rubris, intus rubro-purpurea, spadice l$-pollicari brevitet orasae itipitato 
cylindraceo obtuso violaceo, perianthii foliolia 5 spathulatia apica inoraaaatia 
fornicatis cucullatis, staminibus ad 8, ovario 8-loonIan loculis 1-OVlllatia in stigma 
sequilongum robustum attenuate, stigmatepunctiforme, ovulis baailariboa ereotia. 

The genus Dracontium, as restricted by Engler in his recent 
monograph of the Aroidece, includes the wonderful Oodwinia 
Gigas (tab. nostr. 6048), of Nicaragua, and consists of 
this and two other species, natives of N. Brazil and Guiana ; 
to these must be added the subject of the present pinto, 
which extends the geographical range of the genus to the 
United States of Columbia, and which differs from its con- 
geners in the smooth petiole and very long peduncle. A sup- 
posed fifth species has been fully and carefully described and 
figured by Dr. Masters in the Gardeners 1 Chronicle for 1870 
(p. 344, tab. 58) as D. datum, which differs from Engler's 
generic character in the ovules being attached to the 
middle of the septum of the ovary, a character by which 
Schott separated Ophione from Dracontium, very unna- 
turally as it appears to me. This D. etatvm is taken up in 
the index of Engler's monograph, where the name is 
printed in italic type, indicating its being a synonym ; but 
the reference to a page is omitted, and I have tailed to 
to trace it anywhere in the body of the work. Mr. Baker, 

NOVEMBEK 1st, 1880. 

in a note in Saunders' Refugium (vol. iv. tab. 282), 
suggests that it is only D. asperum, and that the locality 
of Sierra Leone is an error. 

I am indebted to Mr. Bull, F.L.S., for the means 
of figuring this interesting plant, and take the present 
opportunity of recording my sense of the signal service 
which this ardent horticulturist has rendered to botanical 
science, by the introduction and cultivation of so many fine 
plants of this family ; plants which cannot be satisfactorily 
investigated except in a living state, and which, from their 
brief duration, lurid colours, and often foetid odour, offer 
no attraction to the lovers of other than rare and curious 
plants. D. Garderi was discovered by the traveller whose 
name it bears, and was imported by Mr. Bull, who flowered 
it at his establishment in Chelsea in April, 1879. 

Descr. Petiole two to three feet high, slender, terete, 
mottled with bands of dirty green ; lamina two feet in 
diameter, three-sect to the base ; divisions horizontal and 
drooping at the ends, undivided or forked at or below the 
middle, pinnatisect below the middle, pinnatifid beyond it ; 
pinnules or lobes very unequal, the lower contracted or not 
at the base, oblong or obovate, acute or acuminate, some 
two to three inches long and undivided, others six to eight 
inches and lobed or split, or perforated, all pale green, 
membranous, with many arching nerves. Peduncle twice 
as long as the petiole, as slender and similarly coloured. 
Spathe a foot long, lanceolate, acuminate, dirty green 
outside with reddish brown raised nerves, dark purple 
inside. Spadix one and a half inch long, on a very short 
stout stipes, cylindric, obtuse, violet blue ; flowers (unex- 
panded) about one-sixteenth of an inch in diameter ; 
perianth-segments five, spathulate, with incurved cucullate 
tips; stamens about eight; ovary three-celled, contracted 
into a stout columnar style with a very small three-lobed 
terminal stigma. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, greatly reduced; 2, spadix, of the natural size; 3, unex- 
panded flower; 4 and 5, perianth-segments ; 6, anthers (immature); 7, section of 
ovary ; 8, ovule : — all enlarged. 



■ Reeve fc. C° ! ■ 

Tab. 6524. 

Native of Eastern Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Malvace-E— Tribe Hibisceje. 
Genus Hibiscus, Linn.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 207.) 

Hibiscus schizopetalus ; glaber, fruticosus, foliis petiolatis ovatis ellipticisye acutis 
grosse serratis basin versus integerrimis 3-nerviis, floribus solitariis longe 
pedunculatispendulis pedunculo medio articulato, involucelloO v.minimo, calyce 
cylindraceo spathaceo apice obtuse 3-lobo demum fisso, petalis amplis longe 
unguiculatis flabellatim multifidis lobis linearibus obtusis, tubo stamineo lon- 
gissimo pendulo, antberis sparsis longe stipitatis, styli ramis 5 filiformibus ascen- 
dentibus, stigmatibus globosis, capsula basi calyce spathaceo inclusa oblongo- 
cylindracea obtusa obscure 5-loba torulosa, seminibus brunneis glabris. 

H. Eosa Sinensis var. schizopetalus, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1879, p. -2^2 ; 
Boulger, I. c. p. 372. 

Hibiscus sp. Kirk and Oliver in Journ Linn. Soc. vol. xv. p. 478. 

This singular and beautiful plant has attracted much 
attention, on account both of its horticultural and botanical 
interest ; differing as it does from all other species in the 
remarkable character of its petals, and yet presenting so 
many points of resemblance to a world-wide garden 
favourite whose native country is unknown (the H. Rosa 
Sinensis) , as to have suggested its specific identity with 
that plant. The differences, however, between this and 
H. Rosa Sinensis are a great deal too many and too impor- 
tant to render the idea of this being a sport or variety 
of that plant tenable. They are, firstly, the petals, which, 
however, might have originated as a sport ; then the 
pendulous flower, the suppression of the epicalyx, the 
longer tubular calyx with obtuse lobes ; above all, the 
long fruit with small smooth seeds. I have examined 
specimens of H. Rosa Sinensis from thirty different localities, 
and found none approaching R. schizopetalus in any of the 
above characters. Too much importance should not be 
attributed to the supposition that the native country of 

XOVEMBEB 1ST, 1880. 

H. Rosa Sinensis is not well known; Loureireiro states 
that it is indigenous in both China and Cochinchina, and it 
has certainly been for long cultivated in China, and it 
occurs in so many of the Pacific Islands as to render it 
very probable that it is a native of the Pacific ; on the other 
hand, its two nearest allies, the present plant and H. 
liliiflorus, being natives, the one of East Africa, and the 
other of the Mascarene Islands, suggests the probability of 
Africa being the parent country of II. Rosa Sinensis. 

For the discovery of this fine plant we are indebted to 
our indefatigable correspondent, Dr. Kirk, H.B.M. Consul 
at Zanzibar, who found it first in 1874 on the coast hills 
at Mombasa, in lat. 4° g. ; in 1877 at Kilwa, in 7° 40' S. ; 
and, lastly, at Lindi, in 10° S. It grows both in dry rocky 
slopes and in damp mountain glens, in dense shade, 
amongst Bignonias, Balsams, and Ferns. 

The specimen here figured was raised from seed sent by 
Dr. Kirk, which has been flowering in the Stove-house from 
the month of June till now, late in October. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of base of flower through the ovary ; 2 and 3, anthers and portion 
ot_ filaments; 4, ovary and rudiments of epicalyx ; 5, top of staminal column and 
stigmas ; b, transverse section of ovary -.—all enlarged. 




L Reeve 8c C? London, 

Tab. 6525. 

crinum purpura sc ens. 

Native of West Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllidace^e. — Tribe Amabyliide-E. 
Genus Cbinum, Linn. ; {Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 547.) 

Ceinum purpurascens ; bulbo parvo ovoideo brevicollo copiose stolonifero, foliis 
multis loratis patulis angustis undulatis 1^-2-pedalibus, scapo gracili foliis 
duplo breviori, umbellis sessilibus 6-10-floris, spathae valvis deltoideis, floribus 
erectis albis extus purpurascentibus, tubo gracili 5-6-pollicari, segmentis 
oblanceolatis acutis recurvatis tubo duplo brevioribus, filamentis arcuatis 
saturate rubellis limbo distincte brevioribus, stylo filamentos superante stigmate 
niinuto capitato. 

C. purpurascens, Herb. Amaryll. p. 250 ; Eoem. Amaryll. p. 72 ; Kunth Enum, 
vol. v. p. 554. 

This is a very distinct Crinum of the star-flowered set 
from West Tropical Africa, remarkable for its dwarf slender 
habit and very numerous spreading narrow undulated 
leaves. Its alliance is with the Himalayan G. amosnum and 
pratense, and the New World G. americanum and erubescens. 
It was introduced in the time of Dean Herbert, and is 
carefully described in his classical work on the Amarylli- 
dacese, but has never been previously figured. Our drawing 
was made from a plant that flowered at Kew in June, 1879, 
the bulb of which was sent by the Rev. H. Goldie, and we 
have since had it from Messrs. Veitch, from bulbs brought 
home by Mr. Kalbreyer. It grows at a low level by the 
side of streams about Fernando Po and in Old Calabar, 
and, of course, requires stove-heat for its successful 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, about two inches in diameter, with a 
short neck, and copious stolons. Leaves twenty or thirty, 
cotemporary with the flowers, spreading, lorate, one and a 
half or two feet long at the flowering-time, an inch broad, 

XOVEMBEE 1st, 1880. 

thin in texture, dark green, much undulated towards the 
edges. Scape slender, subterete, tinted with purple, under 
a foot long, produced from the axis of one of the outer 
leaves of the rosette. Umbel sessile, six- to ten-flowered ; 
spathe-valves small, deltoid. Flowers rotate, faintly 
scented, white, tinted on the outside with purple, erect in 
bud. Perianth tube slender, five or six inches long ; limb 
about half as long as the tube, the oblanceolate acute 
recurving segments a third or half an inch broad three- 
quarters of the way up. 'Stamens arcuate, distinctly shorter 
than the perianth-limb ; filaments bright red ; anthers 
linear, half an inch long. Style overtopping the stamens, 
bright red ; stigma minute, capitate. — J. G. Baker. 



I Reeve 

Tab. 6526. 
scabiosa pteeocephala. 

Native of Greece. 

Nat. Ord. Dipsace^. 
Genus Scabiosa, Linn, ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 159.) 

Scabiosa pterocephala ; dense late caespitosa, sericeo-tomentosa, basi suffruticosa, 
ramis procumbentibus novellis foliosis, foliis confertis ovato-oblongis in petiolum 
angustatis v. lyrato-pinnatifidis grosse crenato-serratis, lobis lateral ibus brevibus 
dentatis crenatisve, pedunculis breviusculis, capitulis depressis, involucri bracteis 
pluriseriatis lanceolatis floribus brevioribus v. sequantibus, floribus radiantibus 
carneo-purpureis, involucello cylindraceo birsuto obsolete coronulato, corona in 
aristas breves v. elongatas abeunte, calycis aristis 15-16 involucro multoties 

S. pterocepbala, Linn. Sp. PL 146 ; Sibth. Fl. Grrcec. t. 113. 

Ptebocephalus Parnassi, Sprang. Syst. Veg. vol. i. p. 384; JBoiss. Fl. Orient. 
vol. iii. p. 148. 

P. perennis, Vaill. in Act. Paris, 1722, p. 384. 

P. bellidifolia, Boiss. Diagn. ser. 1, vol. ii. p. 109 (forma depauperata). 

A densely-tufted perennial, forming large low cushions, 
perfectly hardy, and, when in flower, very ornamental. It 
has been long cultivated in Kew, in the open border of the 
herbaceous ground, but I am not aware how or whence it 
was procured. It is a native of the mountains of Greece, 
growing in dry rocky places at elevations of 3000 to 6000 
feet, and extends from the Ionian Islands (Mount Nero in 
Cephalonia) to Mount Athos in Macedonia, and Parnassus 
in Attica. At Kew it flowers in July and August. 

Descr. Stems and branches woody, tortuous, procumbent, 
sending up very numerous short leafing shoots, the whole 
forming dense patches two to three feet in diameter; whole 
plants densely hoary-pubescent. Leaves one to one and a 
half inches long, narrowed into a stout petiole, blade simple 
ovate obtuse and deeply crenate-toothed or lyrate-pinnatifid 

NOVEMiiKR 1ST, 18S0, 

with the terminal lobe ovate obovate or rounded and 
crenate-toothed, the lateral lobes few short obtuse and 
lobulate. Peduncle terminal, stout, solitary, erect, naked, 
tomentose, shorter or longer than the leaves, rarely exceeding 
three inches long. Heads depressed-hemispherical, one and 
a half inches in diameter ; involucral-bracts rarely as long 
as the flowers, lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, subacute. Flowers 
very many, one-third of an inch long, those of the ray 
horizontal, limb oblique two-lipped, those of the disk erect, 
regular, with a slender tube and campanulate five-fid limb ; 
involucel cylindric, truncate, with plumose long or short 
awns. Calycine awns 15-16, much longer than the invo- 
lucel, plumose. Corolla of the ray nearly half an inch long, 
tube pubescent, upper lip two-lobed, lobes short rounded 
lobulate ; lower lip three-lobed, lobes ovate obtuse ; corolla 
of the disk-flowers shorter, tube equalling the campanulate 
four-lobed limb. Stamens with filaments twice as long as 
the corolla-lobes. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower of disk ; 2, flower of ray ; 3, awn of calyx ; 4, anther ; 5, stigma 
— all enlarged. 


L Reev» 

Tab. 6527. 
CALOCHORTUS pulchellus. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. LiliacejE. — Tribe Tulipe-E. 
Genus Calochobttjs, Pnrsh; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 302.) 

Calochoetus (Macrodenus) pulchellus ; bulbo ovoideo, foliis basalibus 1-2 lineari- 
bus vel lanceolatis firmis glabris, caule subpedali superne ramoso, floribus 6-12 
pendulis laxe corymbosis, periantbii globosi lutei segmentis exterioribus oblongis 
acutis glabris, interioribus orbiculatis facie et margine pilosis conspicue foveo- 
latis, staminibus periantbio duplo brevioribus antheris oblongis, capsulis 
oblongis profunde trilobatis angulis dorso alatis. 

C. pulcbellus, Bougl. MSS. ; Wood in Proc. Acad. Phil. 1868, p. 168 ; Baker 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 303 ; S. Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. 
vol. xiv. p. 262. 

Cyclobothra pulcbella, Benth. in Trans. Sort. Soc. n. s. vol. i. p. 415, tab. 14, fig. 1 ; 
Lindl. in Bot. Beg. t. 1662 ; Kunth Enum. vol. iv. p. 228 ; Begel Garten- 
flora, tab. 802. 

The Calochorti, of which between twenty and thirty 
species are now known, belong exclusively to California, 
British Columbia, the Rocky Mountains, and Mexico, and 
one and all seem to require greater heat than an English 
summer gives them to mature their bulbs properly. The 
present species and C. albus are well marked from all the 
others by their more robust habit and numerous large 
drooping globose flowers, which never expand fully and are 
much less fugitive than in the more brilliantly-coloured 
G. venustus and its neighbours. Caloehortus and Cyclo- 
bothra slide into one another so gradually that it is not 
worth keeping them up as distinct genera. 

The present plant was one of those introduced by 
Douglas about 1830, when travelling for the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society, and was originally described and figured 
by Mr. Bentham half a century ago. Our drawing was 
made from a specimen that flowered at Kew in the summer 
of 1879. 

KOVEMBEE 1ST, 1880. 

DpSOB. Bulb long, narrow, ovoid, with loose vertically 
striated firm brown outer tunics. Basal leaves one or two, 
linear or lanceolate, about a foot long, under an inch broad, 
firm in texture, glabrous, narrowed from the middle to 
the base and an acute point. Stem erect, a foot or more 
long, branched in the upper half, each fork subtended 
by one or more reduced leaves. Flowers six to twelve 
to a stem, bright yellow, drooping, on peduncles two or 
three times as long as themselves. Perianth globose, about 
an inch in length and diameter; outer segments rather 
more membranous in texture than the inner, tinted with 
green in the bud, oblong, acute, glabrous ; three inner 
segments orbicular, more or less pilose on the face, minutely 
ciliated round the margin, furnished above the naked claw 
with a large saccate foveole, with a ridge of bristly hairs 
incurved over it from above. Stamens half as long as the 
perianth-segments ; anthers oblong, pale yellow, obtuse or 
minutely apiculate, rather shorter than their flattened fila- 
ments. Ovary oblong, triquetrous ; stigmas three, falcate, 
linear, sessile, deeply channelled down the face. Cajisule 
oblong, an inch long, deeply three-lobed, its cells promi- 
nently winged on the back. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Inner segment of perianth, natural size ; 2, margin of inner segment of 
perianth; 3, a stamen; 4, the pistil; 5, horizontal section of ovary -. — all more or 
lets magnified. 


A B del J N Rich Lith 

VracentBroaks Day &Son Imp 

L.Renve &. 0.9 London. 

Tab. 6528. 

ARCTOTIS aspera, var. arboresccns. 
Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. CoMPOSiTiE. — Tribe AlJCTOTiDEiE. 
Conns Arctotis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook: f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 458.) 

Arctotis (Euarctotis) aspera ; suffruticosa, ramosa, liispido-pilosa, ramia validis 
Biilcatis ascendentibus, lbli s oblongis Hneari-oblongisvepinnatifidis infwioribus 
petiolatis superioribus sessilibus auriculato-semi-amplexicaulibus, costa crasaa, 
segments lato-ovatis oblongisve basi lata decurrentibus grouse irregulariter 
acute dentatis undulatisque supra hiapidis glabratisve subtus plus nnnusve 
cano-tomentosis, capitulie magma, involucri late liemispherici squamis exteri- 
oribus ovatis herbaceis hispidis, intimis panduratis truncatis coriaceis, Jiguhs 
pollicaribus obtusis, acheniis basi sericeis, pappi squamis interim lbus oblonsfis 
cuneatisve apice rotundatis v. 2-3-fidis. 

A. aspera, Linn. Sp. PL 1307 ; DC. Prodr. vol. vi. p. 488 ; Harv. et Sond. FL 
Cup. vol. iii. p. 453. 

Var. ahboeescens, IDC. I. c. 488; ramis foliisque subtus tomentosis, pedunculis 
nigro-pilosis, ligulis extus roseis intus uiveis basi aurantiacis.— A. arborescens 
Java, llort. Schanh. vol. ii. tab. 171. 

The genus Arctotis is little known to horticulturists, 
although one species, the present, of the thirty described, 
has long been known in botanic gardens, and no less than 
thirteen are figured in Jacquin's " Hortus Schcenbrimensis," 
from specimens that flowered in the Imperial Botanic 
Garden of Vienna during the last century. Sixteen (ex- 
clusive of one referred to Vcnidium) are enumerated m 
the "Hortus Kewensis" as being in cultivation in 1813, 
and there are five others enumerated as . species in that 
work which are now regarded as varieties. The present is 
one of the most beautiful of the genus ; it was cultivated 
in Eno-land before 1710, and in Holland much earlier, for it is 
described in Johan Commelyn's " Hortus Medicus Amstelo- 
damensis," published in 1697, as " Anemolospermos 
Africana, foliis Cardui Benedict!, fiorum radns mtufl sul- 

phureis." . . . 

According to Do Candolle A. aspera is a very variable 

DKCEMBEE 1ST. 1880. 

plant, of which ho enumerates five varieties, the last being 
the subject of the present plate, distinguished by the white 
under-surface of the leaf, and colours of the ligulcs. This 
variety is omitted in Harvey and Sonder's " Flora Capensis," 
as is all notice of Jacquin's beautiful figure, although the 
a rborescens of Willdenow, another variety (var. scabra of 
Berg, A. rnaculata, Jacq. 1. c. t. 379) which must not be 
confounded with it, is there taken up. 

I am indebted to Mr. Lynch, Curator of the Cambridge 
University Botanical Gardens, for the specimen of this 
beautiful and interesting plant, which he informs me was 
formerly grown at Cambridge under the name of A. alba 
(an unpublished one). Mr. Lynch adds that it has made 
a most attractive bed during the past summer, its flowers 
having been very profuse and charming in colour. 

Descr. An undershrub, one to three feet high, with 
stout grooved hispid ascending branches. Leaves five to 
eight inches long, pinnatifid ; radical petioled ; caulinc 
sessile with broad auricled semi-amplexicaul bases, a very 
stout grooved midrib and nerves beneath ; segments ovate 
or ovate - oblong, acute, decurrent, lobulate and coarsely 
toothed with waved edges, dark green above and hispid or 
glabrate, tomentose or cottony beneath. Heads two and 
a half inches in diameter, on stout peduncles clothed with 
blackish hairs. Involucre broadly campanulate; outer 
bracts ovate, subacute, herbaceous ; inner much longer, 
panduriform, truncate, very coriaceous. Ligules about 
twenty, quite horizontal, obtuse, one to one and a half 
inches long, bright red outside, white within, but orange 
towards the base. Disk-flowers brownish. Aehenes silky at 
the base ; inner scales of pappus cuneate-oblong, obtusely 
lobed or entire at the tip. — J. D. II. 

_ l itf. 1, Kay-floret ; 2, disk-floret ; 3, ditto, laid open ; 4, ditto, unopened ; 
o, inner pappus-scales; 6, stigma of ray -florets ; 7, stigma of disk-florets ; 8, reeep- 
tacle ; 0, inner bract of ditto ; 10, Uower-bud :— all Ltd Jigs. 8 to 10 enlarged. 


i Reeve &. C? 

Tab. 6529. 
disa megaceras. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Obchidbj?.- -Tribe Opiiryde,e. 
Genus Disa, Berg; (Endl. Gen. PI p. 211.) 

Disa (Repandra) mcqacerct.i ; elata, robusta, caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis arumi- 
natis, spiea mul ti flora, bracteis lanceolatis longe acuminatis fioris breviorilms 
v. longioribu.s floribus magnis albis purpureo maeulatis, s^alea postica conica in 
cornu pollicari recto v. lente curv r o tenui producta, sepalis deeurvis oblongo- 
Janceolatis apicalatis, potalis late oblique ovatis recurvis acutis, labello anguste 
lingulato glabro apice acuto recurvo v. revoluto, anthera supina loculis 
elongatis fere rectis. 

I), macrantha, Hort. 

It is not without great consideration that I have been com- 
pelled to give a new name to the little-known Disa macrantha 
of the gardens, nor would I have done so were I not well 
assured that the true D. macrantha is a very different plant, 
coming indeed from a very different part of the South 
African continent from that inhabited by the present 
species. It is true that of D. macrantha very little is cer- 
tainly known ; it is a species of Thunberg's, described in 
his " Flora Capensis " (p. 33) as having the spur conical, 
shorter than the hood, the petals small, hidden under the 
hood, rounded at the base, falcately recurved in the middle, 
angled posteriorly, dilated retuse and crenulate at the end, 
the lip oblong acute keeled suberect, and the anther &c. 
as in IK cornuta, than which the flowers are rather larger.— 
Now if the figure of the plant here given is compared with 
this description, and with the plate of D. cornuta in 
this work (t. 4091), it will be seen that in all thoso points 
in which D. macrantha differs from D. megateras, it agrees 
with D. cornuta, notably in the short spur, in the small 
petals falcately recurved, dilated at the apex, and hidden 
under the hood ; in the oblong lip and very small broad 
anther : to which must be added that D. macrantha is a 
western plant of the Cape district itself, whereas I), meyaceras 
is an eastern one, of which there are in the Kew Herbaria 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1880. 

specimens from Kalberg on the Eastern frontier (from Mr. 
Henry Ilntton), from Natal (Mrs. Fannier), Somerset, 
Kaffraria (Mr. Cooper), and from the top of Bosch berg, 
alt. 4500 feet (Mr. MacOwan.) 

As to Visa macrantha of Thimberg, it is clearly a species 
very near to D. cornuta, if not a variety of that plant ; there 
are numerous specimens thus named in the Kew Herbaria, 
amongst them one from the sands about Salt river, near 
Capetown, collected by Dr. Harvey, who has appended to 
it a ticket with " D. macrantlia of Thimberg. Differs from 
D. cornuta merely in its labellum. I consider it only a 
variety, yet its habit is different." Whatever the difference 
of habit is, it is lost in the drying ; for the specimen is in 
this state undistinguishable from D. cornuta, and, like it, 
has flowers not half the size of those of D. megaceras, with 
minute included petals. 

I am indebted to Mr. Elwes for the fine flowering speci- 
men of M. megaceras here figured, which flowered with him 
to August of the present year. 

Dbsob. Stem one to two feet high, often as thick as the 
thumb, robust, leafy. Leaves six to eight inches long, 
lanceolate, long-acuminate, concave. Spike dense or lax, 
six to twelve inches 'long, few- or many-flowered; bracts 
leaf-like, usually much exceeding the flowers. Flowers very 
large, one and a half to one and three-quarters of an inch 
broad from the tip of the hood to that of the lip, and three 
inches from the tip of the hood to that of the spur, white 
blotched inside with pale purple. Tipper sepal (hood) 
conical, with an oblique mouth, acute above, slightly curved, 
undulate, ending in a greenish straight slender spur as long- 
as itself ; lateral sepals decurved, oolong-lanceolate, with a 
short recurved spur behind the tip. Petals broadly obovate, 
nearly as wide as the hood is broad, the dilated acute end 
exserted and recurved. Lip two-thirds of an inch long, 
narrowly tongue-shaped, with a revolute tip, glabrous, 
smooth. Anther reflexed, one-third of an inch long; cells 
contiguous, parallel, very narrow, tip obtuse. Stigma very 
short, hemispheric. Ovary one and a half inches long.— 
./. D. II. 

F%. 1, Top of ovary, lip, stigma, and anther; 2, column seen in front; 3, pollen- 
ma:-* -.—all ml rged. 



.L.TLeeve & C? London 

Tab. 6530. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Cohposhve.— Tribe Asteuoide;e. 
Genus Erigeron, Linn.; (Benth. ct Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 279.) 

Ertgeron (Phenactis) multiradiatus ; pubescens v. hirsutus, caule simpliri v. 
• parce ramoso gracili v. robusto ssepius raonocephalo, foliis radicalibus nullis v. 
longe petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis obtusis acutisve in petiolam 
decurrentibus integris v. paucidentatis, catilinis brevibus putentibus basi lata 
amnlpxirauli sessilibus ovato-lanceolatis acutis v. acuminatis, capitulis magma 
2~2h poll. diam.,involucri]atecampanulati bracteislineari-lanceolatis acuminatis 
pubescentibas et ciliatis, floribus glabris, lignlis numerosissimis 2-3 serialibus 
involucro duplo longioribus angustis purpuras, acheniis oblongis subserieuis, 
pappi setis paucis scabridis externis brevissimis. 

E. multiradiatus, Benth. in Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 280 (sub Sect. Phenactis) ; Clarke 
Compos. Ind. 56. 

Aster multiradiatus, Wall. Cat. 2969. 

A. inuloides, Don Prodr. Fl. Nip. p. 178. 

Diplopappua lioylei, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 276? 

Stenactis multiradiatus, Lindl. in DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 299. 

One of the most beautiful of the alpine Himalayan Com- 
posite, but very variable and difficult to distinguish from 
form of neighbouring 1 species, especially of E. alpinus, to 
winch small states of it approach very closely. E. multi- 
radiatus is, however, in its normal state a much larger and 
handsomer plant, with the heads usually at least two inches 
in diameter, and of a fine bright purple colour. In rich 
moist soil old plants grow two feet high and branch very 
considerably, and the radical leaves disappear early, giving 
the plant a very different appearance from that of its younger 
state, in which the habit is scapigerous, and the radical 
leaves copious. 

E. multiradiatus is a native of grassy wet pastures along 
the whole length of the Himalayan range, from Kashmir, where 
it inhabits elevations of 7000 to 9000 feet, to Sikkim, where 

decejibeh 1st, 1880. 

it ascends to 12,000 feet. The specimens drawn were 
raised from Sikkim seed communicated by Dr. King, of the 
Calcutta Botanical Gardens, and flowered at Kew in June 
of the present year. 

Descr. A pubescent or hirsute herb, in a small state 
either six to ten inches high, with simple scape-like leafy 
stems, and numerous radical leaves ; or tall, often two feet 
high, with no radical leaves and a branched leafy stem. 
Leaves, radical when present usually four to eight inches 
long, oblanceolate, narrowed into a rather long petiole, 
distantly toothed, three- to five-nerved ; cauline ovate- 
lanceolate from a broad sessile and often subauricled or 
semi-amplexicaul base, acuminate, erect or recurved. Heads 
solitary on the ends of long peduncles, two to two and a 
half inches in diameter, very bright purple, disk yellow. 
Involucre broadly hemispherical ; bracts slender, pubescent 
or tomentose, ciliate. Ligules three-fourths to one inch 
long, in two or three series, very slender, tube glabrous. 
Disk-flower glabrous. Achenes small, flattened, slightly 
silky; pappus scanty, hairs scabrid, with an obscure ring 
of small outer ones. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Ray-flower ; 2, its style-arms ; 3, disk-flower ; 4, hair of pappus ; 5, style- 
arms of disk-flower; 6, involucre cut open showing the receptacle: — all but Jiff. 1 


Tab. C531. 
WORMIA Bubbidgbi. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Dilleniace^. — Tribe Dillenie^:. 
Genus Wobmia, Bottb.; [Bewth. et Hbok.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 13.) 

Wobmia Burbidgei; frutex, foliis late ellipticis in petiolum comprroo-al&tum 
amplexicaulem decarrentibua oblongis obtusis uitegerrimu v. sabsinuatis 
crnsse coriaceis nervosis, costa ncrvisque utrinque ]8-20 patentibus sub t us 
crassis, pedunculis axillaribus et tenninalibus cyraoso-paacifloris floribua 
bivvitev pedicellatis amplis aureis 3-poll. diam., sepalis orbicularis concavia 
ina-qualibus, petalis obovato-oblongis disco _ concavis niarginibua late sub- 
criapato-undulatis, etaminibus albidis interioribua longioribus extimifl bievibus 
setitbrmibus imperfectis, carpellis ad 7 stylis filifonnibus. 

The genus Wormia, a near ally of the familiar Hibbertias 
of our greenhouses, consists of about ten species of shrubs 
or trees with usually very handsome flowers and foliage, 
which extend from tropical Australia through the Malay 
Islands and Southern India to the Seychelles. Though 
known in Indian Botanic Gardens, the present is the only 
one that to our knowledge has ever flowered in Europe. It 
is closely allied to W. subscssilis of Miquel, figured in the 
Annals of the Leyden Botanical Museum (vol. i. p. 315, 
Tab. IX.), but that has larger toothed leaves, flowers five 
inches in diameter, and very broadly obovate petals without 
the hollow disk and broad crenate margins of this. Coming 
from the same country, I was at first disposed to regard 
these species as identical, but as the dried specimens from 
Banka, sent from the Leyden Museum to Kew Herbarium, 
and others gathered in Borneo confirm the accuracy of 
Miquel's plate, which is, moreover, copied from a drawing 
taken from life, I am compelled to keep them distinct. 

W Burbidijci is a native of Northern Borneo, where it 
was discovered by the intelligent and successful collector 
whose name it bears when exploring the Bornean forests 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1880. 

for Messrs. Veitch. Flowers of it were preserved, and are 
now in the Kew Herbarium, and the living plant from which 
the drawing is made is in the collection of its importers, 
with whom it flowered in July of the present year. 

Descr. A glabrous shrub ; branches terete. Leaves 
eight to ten inches long, almost exactly elliptic, base con- 
tracted and decurrent as a very broad complicate petiole 
one to one and a half inches long, which expands and is 
stem-clasping at the base, margins nearly entire or very 
obscurely waved, upper surface deep green, raised between 
the eighteen to twenty spreading nerves, which, as well as 
the midrib, are very prominent beneath. Flowers three 
inches in diameter, subcymose on a simple peduncle two to 
four inches long, very shortly pedicelled. Sepals nearly 
orbicular, very concave, coriaceous, green. Petals pale 
golden-yellow, obovate-oblong, disk hollowed, margins 
broadly undulate. Flowers very many, almost white ; 
anthers almost filiform, with terminal pores. Ovary broadly 
ovoid, of seven carpels with as many filiform fiexuous 
stigmas.- — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen ; 2, imperfect outer ditto ; 3, apex of anther ; 4, ovary ; 
5, transverse section of ditto : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6532. 

disa polygon oides. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. OECHiDEiE.— Tribe Ophhtdej:. 
Genus Disa, Berg; (Endl. Gen. PL -p. 211.) 

Disa (Macrantha) polygonoides ; elata, robusta, eaule folioso, foliis lineari- v. ligu- 
lato-lanceolatis longe acuminatis planiusculis 5-nerviis, superioribus abbreviatis 
vaginreformibus acutis cauli appressis, spica densa ovoidea v. cylindracea, 
bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis floribus aurantiacis brevioribus v. paulo longioribus, 
sepalo superiors erecto oblongo concavo dorso basi in calcar breve descendens 
producto, sepalis lateralibus late ovatis apice rotundatis, petalis parvis erectis 
lineari-oblongis obtusis apicibus incurvis, labello lineari obtuso, anthera 

D. polygonoides, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 349. 

A very different-looking plant from the Disa megaceras, 
figured in this number of the Magazine, though agreeing in 
all generic characters most closely, and when more fully 
developed, as in some of the native specimens preserved in 
the Herbarium, a very striking plant, the -spike of orange 
flowers sometimes attaining a foot in length. From notes 
on the Herbarium specimens the colour of the flowers seems 
to vary a good deal, from bright canary-yellow to light red 
and even scarlet. It is very near indeed to Swartz's D. 
cklorostachya, differing chiefly, if not wholly, in the shorter 
less inflated spur. 

D . pohjgonoides inhabits marshy valleys, and has a very 
wide range, from Grahamstown eastward to Natal; and 
from the number of collectors who have sent it, it would 
appear to be a very common orchid. The tubers of the 
specimen figured were presented to Kew by W. B. Lyle, 
Esq., of Kirkley Vale Estate, Natal, and flowered in Sep- 
tember of the present year in the temperate Orchid House. 

Descr. Tubers reaching four inches long, subcylindric. 
Stem tall, stout, one to two feet high, leafy, often as thick 


as the fore-finger. Leaves four to ten inches long by three- 
quarters to one and a quarter inch broad, linear-lanceolate 
or almost strap-shaped, gradually narrowed to the acumi- 
nate point, nearly flat, with five, rarely seven, strong 
nerves, dark green, sheaths spotted with red purple ; upper 
leaves much abbreviated, spathaceous, with acute points 
appressed to the stem. Spike three inches to a foot long, 
cylindric, obtuse, very many flowered ; bracts oblong- 
lanceolate, acuminate, longer or shorter than the orange- 
yellow or light red or scarlet flowers. Perianth three- 
quarters of an inch long from the tip of the dorsal sepal to 
that of the lip, densely crowded, suberect. Dorsal sepal 
erect, oblong, subacute, very concave, cymbiform, spurred at 
the base behind ; the spur shorter than the sepal, cylindric 
or slightly inflated, obtuse, pointing downwards in a line 
with the axis of the sepal; lateral very broadly ovate, 
rounded at the tips. Petals much smaller than the sepals, 
erect and partially concealed by the upper sepal, linear- 
oblong, tip obtuse and incurved. Lip strap-shaped, smooth, 
flat or convex, obtuse or subacute, slightly constricted 
above the base. Anthers suberect, cells narrow, parallel. 
Stigma suborbicular, sessile, depressed in the middle, notched 
in front. Ovary about one-third of an inch long-, much 
twisted.—/. D. H. 5 

Fig. 1 Front, and 2, side view of flower ; 3, ovary, anther, and lip ; 4, anther and 
stigma ; 5, pollen-mass : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6533. 


Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Cacte,e. — Tribe Echinocacte^:. 
Genus Cereus, Haworth ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 849.) 

Ceretts (Echinocereus) Fendleri ; simplex v. parce e basi ramosus, ovoideus v. 
subcylindraceus, costis 9-12 tuberculato-interruptis, areolis orbiculatis junioribus 
tomentosis, aculeis basi bulbosis, radialibus 7-10 rectis curvisve, inferioribus 
robustioribus, infimo 4-gono albido, sequentibus 2 obscuris ceteris albis v. fusco- 
variegatis, superioribus tenuioribus pallidis, summo elongato robusto incurvo 
v. deficiente, aculeo centrali valde bulboso teretiusculo elongato rarissime 0, 
floribus magnis purpureis subverticalibus, ovarii tubique pulvillis 25-35 
aculeolos 3-12 albos ssepe adustos gerentibus, sepalis interioribus 12-15 lineari- 
lanceolatis v. spathulatis acutis, petalis 10-24 lineari-oblongis v. ovato- 
spathulatis, stigmatibus 12-16 erectis viridibus stamina numerosissima vix 
Buperantibus, bacca ovoideo-globosa pulvillis aculeolatis stipata, seminibus 
oblique obovatis scrobiculatis, embrjone paulo curvo. 

0. Fendleri, Engelm. Cactacecs of Emory 1 s U. S. and Mexican Boundary Survey, 
34, tab. 52, 53. 

This fine Cereus is a native of the great Cactus region of 
the United States, where, according to its author, Dr. 
Engelmann, it inhabits rocks in alluvial river-bottoms 
from Santa Fe to the Canon of the Rio Grande below El 
Paso, and from fifty miles east of the Upper Peros west- 
ward to Zuni, and the Aztec mountains and the Copper 
mines. It is admirably described and figured along with 
twenty-eight other Cacteas from the same region in the 
work of Dr. Engelmann quoted above, whose characters I 
have nearly verbatim reproduced, finding that though 
drawn up (presumably) for dried specimens, they perfectly 
accord with those of the cultivated one here figured. 

Our specimens were presented to the Royal Gardens along 
with a very choice set of other Cactese from the same regions 
by Edmund Giles Loder, Esq., of Howe, Floore, a gentle- 
man who possesses a rich collection of rare succulent and 
other plants. It flowered soon after it was received in June 
of this year. 

PECEmber 1st, 1880. 

Descr. Stem ovoid or subcylindric, five to seven inches 
high, and three to four inches in diameter, pale green, 
simple, rarely branched at the base. Bibs nine to twelve, 
erect or slightly twisted, half an inch deep, obtuse, inter- 
ruptedly tubercled. Areoles at base of the spines orbicular, 
tomentose when young. Spines bulbous at the base, the 
radial seven to ten, straight or curved, the lower stronger, 
the lowest four-angled white ; the rest whitish or variegated 
with brown, the upper more slender and pale, the upper- 
most long curved or wanting ; the central one to one and a 
half inches long, bulbous at the base, brown, terete or 
wanting. Flowers large, purple, suberect, three inches in 
diameter. Calyx-tube short, together with the ovary, one- 
half to one inch long, both bearing cushions covered with 
twenty-five to thirty-five short spines with sometimes a few 
brown ones intermixed. Inner sepals twelve to fifteen, 
linear-lanceolate or spathulate, acute or cuspidate. Petals 
sixteen to twenty -four, linear-oblong or obovate-spathulate, 
acute or obtuse, close. Stigmas twelve to sixteen, large, 
green, rather larger than the stamens. Berry ovoid-globose, 
purplish, edible, with eighteen to twenty spinous cushions. 
Seeds obliquely obovoid, tubercled; embryo slightly curved. 
— /. D.H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of base of perianth and ovary, of the natural size; 
2, ovules, enlarged. 


To Vol. XXXVI. of the Third Series, or Vol. CVI. 
of the whole Work. 

Hypericum segyptiacum. 

Indigofera Anil. 

Lacaena spectabilis. 

Lathyrus rotundifolius. 

Lonicera tomentella. 

Lythrura Grsefferi. 

Maxillaria porphyrostele. 

Monnodes Ocanas. 

Narcissus pallidulus — N. 
Graellsii — N. rupicola. 

Odontoglossum odoratum. 

Oneidium dasystyle. 

Pachystoma? Thomsonianum. 

Phyteuma comosum. 

Pitcairnia Andreana. 

Polygonum affine. 

Polygonum amplexicaule. 

Polygonum compactum. 

Polygonum cuspidatum. 
Primula sibirica, car. kash- 

Prunus divaricata. 
Pubes lacustre. 
Rubus phoenicolasius. 
Ruellia Portellse. 
Salvia hians. 
Scabiosa pterocephala. 
Senecio speciosus. 
Stelis Briickmiilleri. 
Stenomesson luteoviride. 
Tillandsia Malzinei. 
Tulipa biflora — T. iliensis. 
Xiphion Kolpakowskianum. 
Wahlenbergia tenuifolia. 
Wormia Burbidjjei. 


Agave horrida. 



Aloe Greenii. 



Arctotis aspera, var. arbo- 





Arissenia Griffithii. 



Aristema utile. 



Berberis buxifolia. 



Bignonia capreolata, var. atro- 


' san guinea. 



Brownea Ariza. 


Bucklandia populnea. 



Calochortus Benthami. 



Calochortus pulchellus. 



Campanula fragilis. 



Cereus Fendleri. 



Chionographis japonica. 



Citrus trifoliata. 



Conandron ramondioides. 



Crinum Kirkii. 



Crinum podophyllum. 



Crinum purpurascens. 


Cyananthus lobatus. 



Cypripedium Spicerianum. 



Disa megaceras. 



Disa polygonoides. 



Dracontium Carderi. 



Eichorma azurea. 



Erigeron multiradiatus. 



Epimedium Perralderianum. 



Gentiana Kurroo. 



Gentiana ornata. 



Gentiana septemfida, var. 





Helichrysum frigidum. 



Hibiscus schizopetalus. 



In description of Tab. 6500, second page, 

Line 8, for Kharia, read Khasia. 

Line 9, for Tahurunpore, read Sahurunpore. 

Line 12, for Aitclieson, and, read Aitchison and others from Kashmir 

Footnote, line 2, for ovules, read ovule.