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plants of tfoe Bopai 6aroen$ of &eto, 




F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 




(Or Vol. CVII.ofthe Whole Work.) 

' Call the vales and bid them hither cast 
Their bells and flowerets of a thousand hues." 



[All rijhts reserved.^ 

Mo. Bol len, 








My dear Mr. Ellacombe, 

For upwards of half a century the Editors of 
the Botanical Magazine have exercised the privilege of 
dedicating a yearly volume to an individual distinguished for 
his love of Botany and Horticulture. 

Allow me, when adding your name to the list of recipients 
of this modest tribute, to record my high appreciation of the 
value of your venerable father's and your own intelligent 
interest and zeal in the introduction and cultivation of 
interesting, rare, and beautiful hardy plants, and your dis- 
interested liberality in the distribution of them amongst 

Believe me, 

Most faithfully yours, 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 

Dec. 1st, 1881, 



Vincent Brook?; Day oVSon Imp 

L Reeve b- C 

Tab. 6534. 

The Compass Plant of the Prairies. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Helianthoide;e. 
Genus Silphium, Linn.; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 350.) 

Silphium laciniatum ; erectum, 3-8 pedale, ubique hispido-setosum, caule rimplid 
valido folioso, foliis petiolatis pinnatipartitis lob is magnia elongatil sub- 
distantibus Hnearibus v. lineari-oblongis acutis remote dontatis lobatfs pinna- 
tifidisve petiolo amplexicauli, capitulis paucis subterminalibua subracemosis 
3-5 poll, diam., involucri bracteis late ovatis apicibus patentibus v. recurvie 
viridibus herbaceis, ligulis 20-30 borizontalibus anguste lineari-oblon-is, 
2-nerviis, acbeniis late alatis apice profunde emarginati.s. 

S. laciniatum, Linn. Sp. PI. n. 1301 ; DC. Prodi: vol. vi. p. 512 ; Linn. fil. fhr. 
p. 5, tab. 3 ; Jacq.fd. Eclag. i. tab. 90; A. Gray, JBot. N. U. States (ed. 5),' 
p. 249. 

S. spicatum, Poir. Suppl, vol. v. p. 157. 

This noble plant was introduced into Europe, in 1781, by 
M. Thouin, and flowered for the first time in the Botanic 
Garden of Upsala in Sweden. It has been in cultivation in 
Europe ever since, though its name and fame as the 
Compass Plant of the Prairies is of comparatively modern 
date, it having before that borne the popular names of 
Turpentine Plant and Rosin-weed, except amongst the 
hunters and settlers in the Western States. "With regard 
to the history of its reputed properties as an indicator of 
the meridian by the position of its leaves, I am fortunate 
in having recourse to my friend Professor Asa Gray, now 
in England, who has most kindly furnished me with the 
following very interesting account of this matter : — 

" The first announcement of the tendency of the leaves 
of the Compass Plant to direct their edges to the north and 
south was made by General (then Lieutenant) Alvord, of 
the U. S. army, in the year 1842, and again in 1841, in 
communications to the American Association for the 

JANUAET 1ST, 1881. 

Advancement of Science. But the fact appears to have 
long been familiar to the hunters who traversed the prairies 
in which this plant abounds. The account was somewhat 
discredited at the time, by the observation that the plants 
cultivated in the Botanic Garden at Cambridge, U.S., did 
not distinctly exhibit this tendency. But repeated obser- 
vation upon the prairies, with measurements by the compass 
of the directions assumed by hundreds of leaves, especially 
of the radical ones, have shown that, as to prevalent 
position, the popular belief has a certain foundation in fact. 
The lines in ' Evangeline ' * were inspired by a personal 
communication made by Gen. Alvord to the poet Long- 

" Since the leaves tend to assume a position in which 
the two faces are about equally illuminated by the sun, it 
might be suspected that their anatomical structure was 
conformed to this position. This has been confirmed, first 
by Mr. Edward Burgess, who, when a pupil of mine, 
observed that the stomata were about equally abundant on 
the two faces of the leaf ; and next by Mr. Arthur, of Iowa, 
who has recently published in Prof. Bersey's Introduction 
to Botany, a figure of a section of a leaf, showing that the 
arrangement of the < palisade cells ' of the upper and lower 
strata is nearly the same. The leaves always maintain a 
vertical position, except when overborne by their weight 
As to their orientation, not only is this rather vague in the 
cultivated plant, but subject to one singular anomaly, 
which may be commended to Mr. Darwin's attention. I 
have several times met with a leaf abruptly and permanently 
twisted to a right angle in the middle; so that, while the 
lobes of the basal half pointed say east and west, those of 
the apical half pointed north and south." 

re^ti r tirhe;e"-° Ubt ' *"****' t0 "^ ° f m * readers ' these lin <* will well bear 

" SpTLw t m deHcate P ! ant *J at lifts it8 head from the meadow. 

This r^. ^ "A tUrne ! DOrth ' M true as the magnet ; 
This is the compass flower, that the finger of God has planted 

S' n the ^useless wild, to direct thf traveller's journey 

Wh • ff a " hk 1 e> r thl ^ S ' Hmitless wa8te of ^e desert. 7 
buch m the soul of man is faith." 

" ddSe°» one. gratUlate ^ ** ° n the **** of the descri Ption of the plant as a 

To the above I have little to add. I have not been able 
to detect any orientation of the leaves in the Kew cultivated 
specimens, but these not being planted in a good exposure 
all round, are out of court as witnesses. On the other 
hand, when traversing the prairies with Dr. Gray, in 1877, 
I watched the position of the leaves of many hundred 
plants, from the window of the railway car, and, after some 
time, persuaded myself that the younger more erect leaves, 
especially, had their faces parallel approximately to the 
meridian line. I may mention that I, on the same occasion, 
convinced myself that the flower-heads of various of the 
great Helianthoid Compositce, that grew in hosts on the 
prairie, did follow the sun's motion in the heavens to a very 
appreciable degree, — their morning and evening positions 
being reversed. This observation did not, however, extend 
to the Compass Plant, the rigid stout peduncles of whose 
flower-heads would not be expected to favour such a 

Though never before figured in any English work, the 
Compass Plant has been for many years in cultivation in 
Kew, where it forms a very striking object, growing eight 
feet high, and flowering profusely in August and September 
in the Herbaceous ground. In the United States its range is 
from Michigan and Wisconsin, westward to the Rocky 
Mountains, and southward to Texas and Alabama. — J.D.H. 

Fig. 1, ray-flower ; 2, stigmatic arms of ditto ; 3, scale of the receptacle ; 4, disk- 
flower ; 5, stamen of ditto ; 6, stigma of ditto ; 7, scale of receptacle from disk ; 
8, vertical section of receptacle ; 9, portion of leaf-margin : — all, but figs. 1, 3, 4, 
7, and 8, enlarged. 


Tab. 6535. 


Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e. — Tribe Pitcaiknie^. 
Genus Pitcaibnia, L'Herit.; (E. Koch in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 78.) 

Pitcaikjjia (Lamprocomis) zeifolia ; foliis basalibus 5-6 rosulatis longe petiolatis 
inermibus lanceolatis cbartaceis 2-3-pedalibus utrinque viridibus e medio ad 
apicem et basin angustatis, pedunculo elongato foliis pluribus reductis 
vaginantibus acuminatis pnedito, floribus pluribus asceudentibus kxe sub- 
spicatis, pedicellis crassis brevissimis, bracteisovatis rubris calyce subsequilongis, 
calycis oblongi segment y« oblongis obtusis valde imbricatis viridibus glabris, 
petalis albidis lingulatis obtusis calyce subtriplo longioribus basi haud appen- 
dicular, genitalibus petalis subasquilongis, seminibus uti - inque conspicue 

P. zeifolia, K. Koch in Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 1854, App. p. 11 ; Walp. Ann. 
vol. vi. p. 80. 

This is one of the small number of Pitcairnias from 
Central America, with broad petioled leaves, large subsessile 
flowers, large clasping bracts, and seeds conspicuously tailed 
at both ends, which make up the section Lamprocomis, 
published as a genus by Lemaire. Its nearest ally is the 
New Granadan P. Funhiana of A. Dietrich, which was 
figured under the name of P. macrocalyx, at tab. 4705 of 
the Botanical Magazine. The present plant, although it 
has been known for a quarter of a century, has not been 
figured previously. It was discovered by Warcewicz in 
Guatemala, and we have a fine specimen in the Kew 
Herbarium, gathered by Purdie in the province of Santa 
Martha in New Granada, about 1845. Our drawing was 
made from a plant sent by Dr. Regel, which flowered in 
the Palm House at Kew in December, 1879. 

Descr. Leaves five or six to a basal rosette ; petiole 
reaching the length of a foot, channelled, quite unarmed ; 
lamina lanceolate, two or three feet long, two or two and a 
half inches broad at the middle, papery in texture, green 

JAN CAB Y 1ST, 1881. 

on both sides, almost entirely destitute of lepidote scales, 
narrowed gradually to both ends. Peduncle one or two 
feet long, sheathed by numerous reduced lanceolate leaves 
with long free tips. Flowers a dozen or more in a multi- 
farious rather lax subspicate raceme ; pedicels very short 
and stout ; bracts bright red, ovate, about as long as the 
calyx, which they clasp and conceal. Calyx oblong, an 
inch long, green, naked ; segments oblong, obtuse, much 
imbricated. Petals greenish- white, lingulate, obtuse, about 
three times as long as the calyx, not scaled at the base. 
Stamens inserted at the base of the petals ; anther linear, 
yellow. Ovary adnate to the calyx only at the very base ; 
style filiform, reaching to the tip of the petals; stigmas 
spirally twisted. Capsule as long as the calyx. Seeds very 
numerous, minute, with a tail an eighth of an inch long at 
each end. — J. G. Baker, 

Fig. 1, apex of a stamen, magnified; 2, the pistil, complete, natural size; 
8, horizontal section of the ovary. 



Tab. 653G. 


Native of Eastern North America. 

Nat. Ord. NYMPHiEACE^:. — Suborder NriiPHiE^. 
Genus Nvmph^a, Linn.; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 46.) 

-Nymph.s:a tuberosa ; rhkomate npente tuberifero, tuberibus ovoideis solifcariis v. 
confertis, folris submersis breviter petiolatis membranaceis lobis divaricatis, 
natantibtts magnis rotundatis, lobis approximatis acutis, subtus pallide viridibus 
v. flavescentibus v. fuscopuipureis, floribus 4-7 poll. diam. fere inodoris, sepalis 
4 viridibus, petalis numerosis oblongo-oblanceolatis obtusis albis, stamimbus 
extimis connectivo producto cuspidato, seminibus sessilibus globoso-ovoideis, 
arillo obsoleto v. brevi cupulari rarius completo. 

•N. tubei'osa, A. Paine, Cat. PI. Oneida, in Report of Regents of University of 
New York, 1865, p. 132 ; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. States (ed. 5), p. 56. 

It was not till 1865 that two species of White Water Lily 
were established as indigenous in the United States of 
-America (though the veteran botanist Nuttall evidently 
believed it), when the subject of the present plate was 
carefully distinguished from the common American Water 
Lily, by a young local botanist, Mr. A. Paine. As 
cultivated in England, the characters are not very obvious 
whereby it is distinguished from N. odorata or N. alba, if 
the creepirg rhizome be not examined, and so similar, 
•indeed, art these plants in flower and leaf, that I was 
obliged to have recourse to raising the pot in which this 
.grew, for the purpose of verifying the drawing by an 
examination of the root ; when this is found to bear tubers 
along the side of the rootstock, which are wanting in the 
other American and the European species. Other characters 
are the faint scent of N. tuberosa compared with the 
delicious odour of odorata, the larger leaves, the crescent- 
shaped stipules, more numerous veins of the leaf, and 
more globose seeds, with a usually incomplete aril. 

Nymphcea tuberosa is a native of lakes and slow-running 

JANUARY 1ST, 1881. 

waters in the North-Eastern United States, and may be the 
plant alluded to by Nuttall as the European N. alba, with 
which it agrees in being nearly scentless ; it is described as 
having the leaves green or yellowish beneath, but in our 
cultivated specimens they were of a pale dirty-purple. 
The rootstock prolongs indefinitely, but the leaf-bearing tip 
alone is vigorous, the old part decaying as the new elongates. 
The tubers, which are one to four inches long, when fully 
formed break away from the rootstock, and float about till 
they are stranded and germinate ; they resemble those of 
the Jerusalem Artichoke, and as many as thirty have been 
counted on six inches of rootstock. In shallow water both 
leaves and flowers rise high above the surface; in deep 
water the ripening fruit is drawn to the very bottom by 
the spiral coiling of the peduncle. Cattle devour the 
leaves ; as do deer, which leave the woods at night to feed 
on them. The Royal Gardens are indebted to the Botanic 
Garden of Harvard University, U. S., for tubers, which 
flowered in July and August. 

Descr. Rootstock creeping, bearing oblong tubers singly 
or in clusters along its length. Leaves often very large, 
circular, eight to eighteen inches in diameter, sometimes 
retuse with contracted sides, margin entire or undulate; 
nerves twelve to fifteen radiating from the base on each 
side of the midrib, and five to seven from the latter ; lobes 
approximate or meeting, acute. Flowers four to seven 
inches in diameter, slightly odorous when first opened, 
smelling of apples or of Vanilla (according to various 
authors), soon inodorous. Sepals and petals as in N. alba 
and odorata. Anthers long, the outer with cuspidate tips. 
Seeds with a usually incomplete aril, rarely with none or a 
complete one. — J. D. II . 

Fig. 1, vertical section of ovary, disk, and stamens of IV. tuberosa ; 2, ditto of 
N. odorata, both of the natural size; 3 and 4, front and back view of stamen of 
X. tuberosa ; 5, pttaloid stamen of ditto : — all enlarged. 

653 . 

"Vincent Brooks Day* Son. Imp. 

' London. 

Tab. 6537. 


Native of S. E* Europe and Siberia. 

Nat. Ord. Plumbagine,e.— Tribe Statice^:. 
Genua Statice, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. G25.) 

Staticb (Goniolimon) tatarica; glaucescens, foliis obovato- v. oblongo-spatbulatis 
mucronatis in petiolum brevem sensim angustatis, scapo humili paulo supra 
basin divaricatim dicbotomo late et patentim corymboso, ramie 3.quetri8 
patenti-recurvis, spiculis 1-2 floris in spicas terminales laxas v. densiusculas 
districbo dispositis, bracteis berbaceig coriaceis angustis membranaceis pungenti- 
bus acute carinatis, interiore 3-cuspidata cuspidibus rectis subsequilongis, calyce 
infundibulari plicato, tubo undique breviter puberulo, limbi aequilongi lobis 
oblongis obtusis, petalis basi connatis unguibua contiguis, stylis elongatis 
papillosis, stigmatibus capitatis, 

S. tatarica, Linn, Sp, PL vol. i. p. 395 ; Willd. Sp. PL vol. i. p. 1527 ; Bieh. Fl. 
Taur. Cauc. vol. i. p. 251 ; Gmel. FL Sibir. vol. ii. p. 223, t. 92 ; Ait. Hurt. 
Kew. vol. ii. p. 182. 

S. Besseriana, Poem, and Schtdtes Si/st. vol. vi. p. 789; Peiehb.Ic. Crit. vol. viii. 
t. 720. 

S. trigona, Pall. Ind. PL Taur. {ex Poem, and Sch.). 

Goxiolimon tataricum, Boiss. in DC. Prodr, vol. xii. p. 632, et in Flor. Orient. 
vol, iv. p. 854; Peiclib. Lc. FL Germ. vol. xvii. t. 88. 

With the exception of the Thrift — which is generally 
consigned to do duty as "edgings," and a few showy green- 
house species — the genus Statice has found little favour of 
late with cultivators; yet it contains many plants of singular 
beauty and interest. Of these the palm must be given to 
the Canary Island species, introduced by the late M. Bour- 
geau, which were once the ornaments of a house at Kew 
devoted to plants loving the dry climate of the South of 
Europe (see Bot. Mag. tab. 3701, 3776, 4125, 5753, 5762), 
but which have long since "gone out of cultivation," S. 
Holfordii, Hort., remaining as almost the only representative 
of the group. Amongst the South-Eastern European ones 
are many hardy kinds of remarkable beauty, such as the 
subject of the present plate, whose flowering-corymbs (of 
one plant) form together rounded masses a yard in diameter 

JANUABY. 1ST, 1881- 

of delicate sprays studded with ruby-coloured flowers, each 
set in a silvery calycine cup ; than which a prettier floral 
object cannot well be conceived. It is a native of saline 
districts in the South-East of Europe, from Dalmatia and 
Hungary eastward through Bulgaria and S. Russia to the 
Crimea and Siberia east of the Ural Mountains. A careful 
comparison of the specimens cultivated at Kew as 8. 
tatarica, and here figured, inclines me to think that this is 
not the common form of that species, of which the numerous 
Herbarium specimens which I have examined show denser 
closer-get flowers, and that, but for the shape of the leaves, 
it would be referable to the variety angustifolia of Boissier, 
which has a more glabrous calyx and usually one-flowered 
spikelets, and is the S. Besseriana, Roam, and Schult., of 
which there is a poor figure in Reichenbach's Iconographia 
with the slender sprays and distant flowers of our plant. 

8. tatarica was introduced into England in J 731 by- 
Philip Miller, and is described in the first edition of his 
Dictionary as Limomium 5 ; it is perfectly hardy, flowers 
in June and July, and remains long in bloom. 

_ Descr. Boot woody, perennial. Leaves tufted, four to 
six inches long, oblong, spathulate or oblanceolate, acumi- 
nate, mucronate, rigid, glabrous, narrowed into the petiole. 
Scape short, stiff, erect, triquetrous, two to three inches 
long, soon giving off a long broad recurved panicle of 
distichous recurved slender triquetrous branches, which 
again bear simple or branched distichous recurved spikes 
one-half to one and a half inch long. Spikelets subunilateral 
on the branches, distant, one- to three-flowered; outer 
bracts ovate, keeled, pungent, with broad membranous 
margins ; innermost oblong, with three nearly equal cusps. 
Flowers one-sixth of an inch long. Calyx funnel-shaped, 
plicate ; lobes short, oblong, obtuse, erect. Petals connate 
at the base; claws long, contiguous, together forming a 
tube; limb bright rubv-red, notched. Styles filiform; 
stigmas capitate. — J. D. H. 

< Fig 1, flower ; 2, the same, cut vertically ; 3, stamen ; 4, pistil ; 5, outer, and, 6, 
inner bract:— all enlarged. 



Brooks Day& Sea-.. Imp 

Tab. 6538. 

Native of the Himalaya and Khasia Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. CtESnebace.*:. — Tribe Cyrtandbe^:. 
Genus Lysionotus, Don; (Benlh. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1015.) 

Lysionottts serrata; 1-2-pedalis, glaberrima, carnosula, caule cylindraceo purpureo- 
punctulato, foliis oppositis et ternatim verticillatis parum obliquis oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis serratis basi acutis breviter petiolatis supra nitidis, 
floribus in corymbos axillares longe pedunculatos di-tri-chotomos dispositis, 
ramulis basi bracteatis, calyce 5-partito persistente laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis 
acutis, corolla 1^-pollicari infundibulari puberulo, tubo superne ampliato, limbo 
patente 2-labiato, labio superiore 2-lobo, inferiore inajore 3-lobo, fauce ampla 
lineis 2 elevatis flavis, staminibus fertilibus 2, anantheris 2 subulatis, ovario 
cylindraceo, stylo brevi stigmate orbiculato, capsula 2-4 poll, longa, seminibus 
subulatis utrinque pilo elongato terminatis. 

L, serrata, Don in Fd. Phil. Journ. 1825, p. 85 ; Prodr. Fl. Nejp. p. 124 ; Br. in 
Benn. PL Jav. Par. p. 117. 

L, ternifolia, Wall. PI. As. Bar. vol. ii. p. 20, t. 118; DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 264; 
Mia. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. ii. p. 723 ; Clarke, Commel. et Cyrtand. Being, t. 52. 

Calosacme polycarpa, Wall. Cat. n. 804. 

The temperate and subtropical regions of the Himalaya 
Mountains, especially in the eastern division of the range, 
abound in beautiful species of Gesneracece, of which a 
considerable number have been cultivated at Kew, and some 
figured in this work ; and it is not a little remarkable that 
the subject of the present plate, which is the most widely 
distributed and one of the most beautiful of them all, 
should have so long been a stranger to our gardens. 
Unfortunately these Gesneracece of India are all stove or 
greenhouse plants, and in the case of the latter, the wintering 
of them requires great care, as they cannot be exposed to 
the long cold of the English winter, and if put by in a 
greenhouse they are apt to start into growth too early ; 
many of them, however, and the present in particular, form 
fleshy rootstocks which will stand a good deal of drought, 

JANCABY 1ST, 1881. 

though none possess such tubers as the American Gesnerias, 
and which render them so easy of culture and of transpor- 

Lysionoius serrata is a native of the subtropical and 
temperate regions of the Himalaya, from Kumaon in the 
north-west to Bhotan in the east, inhabiting damp forests 
at elevations of 5000 to 8000 feet in Sikkim, descending to 
2500 in Kumaon ; it is also abundant at 4000 feet in the 
Khasia mountains, and is found on the Karen hills in 
Burma ; its favourite sites are mossy rocks, banks, and old 
tree-trunks. At Kew it fills a square pan with stems a foot 
high, and seems quite at home in a subtropical heat, 
flowering in July and August ; and in its native mountains 
the peduncles are often a foot long, and bear clusters of forty 
to fifty flowers, of which many open at a time. The plant 
figured was raised from seed sent by our excellent corre- 
spondent in Darjeeling, Mr. Gammie, of the Forest Depart- 
ment. The pale whitish stripe along the nerves of the leaf 
is not common in the wild state of the plant. 

Descr. Quite glabrous, except the corolla. Stem one to 
two feet high, stout, cylindric, fleshy, green speckled with 
purple.- Leaves four to ten inches long, opposite and 
whorled, elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate, slightly oblique, 
acuminate, base acute, serrate, rather fleshy; petiole half 
to one inch, dark green above, reddish beneath. Flowers 
in drooping long-peduncled axillary corymbs ; bracts at the 
forks opposite, ovate, deciduous. Calyx one quarter to 
half an inch long, five-partite ; segments lanceolate, 
spreading. Corolla one and a half inch long, hairy, funnel- 
shaped, swollen beyond the middle, pale lilac or blue with 
darker blue veins ; mouth very oblique, two-lipped ; lips 
short, upper two-lobed, lower three-lobed, lobes rounded ; 
throat open, with two raised parallel golden ridges. Capsules 
three to four inches long, very slender ; valves membranous. 
—J. D.H. 

Fig. 1, corolla laid open ; 2, stamens ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of ditto :— 
all but Jig. 1 enlarged. 


L. "Reeve & C" Londcav. 

Tab. 6539. 
CRAWFURDIA luteo-viridis. 

Native of the Sikkim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Gentian E.2E. — Tribe Swebtiejb. 
Genus Crawetjkdia, Wall. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 815.) 

Cbawfurdta (Tripterospermum) luteo-viridis; foliis petiolatis ovatis ovato-cordatis 
v. ovato-lanceolatis 3-5-nerviis acuminatis marginibus undulato-subcrenatis v. 
infcegerrimis, calycis tubo 5-gono angulis costatis costis in lobos subulato- 
lanceolatos erectos tubo sequilongos excurrentibus, corollae albo- v. luteo- 
virescentis tubo infundibulari-campanulato calyce duplo longiore lirabi parvi 
lobis acutis, bacca ellipsoideo-cylindracea coccinea nitida stipitata, stipite corolla 

G. luteo-viridis, Clarke in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 443. 

One species of this remarkable genus of climbing 
Gentians had been cultivated in England previously to the 
introduction of the present, for which we are indebted to 
Dr. King, of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta, who 
sent seeds from Darjeeling to Kew in 1 879, which flowered 
in 1881 in a cool pit. Though not equalling the G.fasciculata 
(Tab. 4838) in the colour of the flowers, which in that plant 
are of a beautiful blue-purple hue, the brilliancy of the polished 
berries of this, which are abundantly produced, and the 
vinous autumnal colouring of its leaves and stems, render 
it a very desirable greenhouse plant. Different, however, 
as these species appear when seen in a living state, it is 
very difficult to discriminate them when dried, and I am 
doubtful as to their geographical limits. Wallich, indeed, 
seems to have confounded the two species in his Herbarium, 
and Mr. Clarke, who has worked up the Gentianese for the 
" Flora of British India," informs me that he is uncertain 
as to their geographical limits. Not only are the characters 
of the flower difficult to ascertain in a dried state, but the 
fruit seems to vary in shape, in the length of the stipes, and 
in being a thick walled or fleshy berry, or a subdehiscent 

TEBBUABY 1ST, 1881. 

hardly fleshy capsule. There is little doubt, I think, that 
G. luteo-alba inhabits the whole Himalaya from Kumaon to 
Sikkim, at elevations of 8000 to 10,0C0 feet, and it may 
prove to be identical with G. Japonica, Sieb. and Zucc, of 

Descr. Stem very slender, twining, red in age. Leaves 
petioled, one and a half to three and a half inches long, 
ovate, ovate-cordate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, margin 
entire or waved and obscurely crenate, bright green above, 
pale beneath, rather leathery, mottled with a pale purplish- 
red in age ; nerves three to five from the top of the petiole ; 
petiole a quarter to one inch long. Flowers clustered in the 
leaf-axils and terminal, sessile, pendulous, one and a half 
inch long. Calyx with a five-angled oblong tube, rounded 
at the base, green, angles thickly ribbed, the ribs prolonged 
into subulate-lanceolate erect lobes as long as the tube. 
Corolla between funnel- and bell-shaped, twice as long as 
the calyx-lobes, tube green, limb white (yellowish, Clarke) 
with green folds, lobes broad acute. Stamens inserted half- 
way down the tube, anthers very small, didymous. Ovary 
stipitate, slender; style short; ovules numerous. Fruit 
one inch long, exclusive of the stalk, which is as long as 
the corolla, elhpsoid-cylindric, brilliant red, shining, fleshy, 
mdehiscent, many-seeded; stalk enclosed in the withered 
persistent corolla . Seeds very numerous, orbicular, vertically 
flattened with a double crest or wing on one side.— J. D. H. 

of^lV 1 'o? n n g l tUdinal / e ^ 0n0f fl °r r; 2 > stamens > *>** and front view; 3, W 
f!X;',7 y ' ' stl S mas ; 5 » transverse section of berry ; 6, seeds -.-all 

Tab. 6540. 


Native of Japan and the Island of S achat hi. 

Nat. Ord. Poltgonace^;.— Tribe Polygon k.i:. 
Genus Polygonum, Linn. ; {Benth. et Bloolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 99.) 

Polygonum (Pleuroptems) saclialinense ; caulibus dense fasciculatis erectis 
elongatia fistulosis sulcatis foliosis, foliis magnis sjlabris breviter petiolatis 
ovatis v. oblongo-ovatis acutis v. acuminatis basi truncatis v. cordatis subtu 
glaucescentibus, ochveis fissis deciduis, racemis axillaribus et termrnalibus 
compositis confertifloris foliis multoties brevioribus rachibus tomentosis, floribus 
parvis glaberrimis, bracteis ovatis longe acuminatis, pedicellis capillaribus infra 
medium articulatis, perianthio fructifero elongato-obcordato 3-alato alis acutis, 
stigmatibus 3 subsessilibus. 

P. sachalinense, F. Schmidt in Primit. Fl. Amur. p. 233 ; Regel Gartenfl. 1864, 
p. 68, t. 429 ; Carriere in Rev. Hortic. 1876, p. 36, cum Ic. Xylog.; Master* 
in Gard. Chron. 1870, p. 1599. 

This is by far the noblest species of Polygonum known in 
cultivation, if not the noblest of the genus, forming, as it 
does, clumps six to eight feet high and broad, of innumerable 
rich red-brown wand-like stems that spread and droop 
gracefully all round, loaded with magnificent leaves, which 
attain a length of eighteen inches and breadth of ten. It 
belongs to a set of ~N. E. Asiatic and Japanese species, of 
which two have been lately figured in this work, namely, P. 
com.pactum, Tab. 6476, and P. cuspidatum, Tab. 6503, both 
of which it surpasses in size and beauty of foliage, but not 
in inflorescence, which is very poor in comparison, of an 
inconspicuous greenish-yellow hue. 

Polygonum saclialinense was discovered in Amur-land by 
the celebrated Russian botanist and traveller Maximovicz, 
and the first notice I find of its being cultivated is in the 
Moscow Zoological Gardens, where it was seen by M. Andre 
in 1869. It was, however, known in England before that 
date, and, if I mistake not, was in cultivation at Kew 
at least twenty years ago, having been probably introduced 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1881. 

by one of the Kew collectors in Japan, Mr. Oldham or 
Wilford. As an ornamental plant it has perhaps no rival 
for vigour of growth and rapid multiplication by the root, 
which last quality has its drawbacks, for it spreads widely, 
and obtrudes itself where not wanted, to the destruction of 
its neighbours. Like its allies already alluded to, it flowers 
late in September and October. 

Desgr. Boots with numerous strong underground suckers. 
Stems six to eight feet high, very numerous from the roots, 
erect and drooping above, leafy, hollow, as thick as the 
thumb at the base, red-brown, angular, grooved. Leaves 
six to eighteen inches long by three to ten broad, oblong or 
ovate with a truncate or cordate base, acute or acuminate, 
sometimes undulate at the margins, bright green above, 
glaucous beneath with a white sparsely hairy midrib and 
reticulated veins ; sheathing stipules elongate, glabrous, 
membranous, deciduous ; petiole one to three inches long. 
Inflorescences of short racemes in a crowded sessile panicle 
in the axils of the leaves and terminal, equalling or twice 
the length of the petiole, branches and rachis of the panicle 
tomentose. Floivers densely crowded, pale yellow-green, 
about one-tenth of an inch in diameter (polygamous ?) ; 
pedicels short, capillary, jointed below the middle ; bracts 
ovate, acuminate. Fruiting perianth one-third of an inch 
long, obcordate, three-winged, narrowed into the pedicel, 
wings not veined. Stigmas short, sessile, recurved. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, section of female flower ; 2, ovary ; 3, ovule : — all enlarged. 


• & C n London 

Tab. 6541. 

MILLETTIA megasperma. 

Native of Queensland. 

Nat. Ord. Legtjminos.e. — Tribe Galege.e. 
Genus Millettia, Wight et Arnott; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 498. 

Millettia megasperma ; caule lignoso alte scandente, partibus novellis racemis 
petiolisque exceptis glaberrima, foliis sempervirentibus alternis pinnatis, pinnis 
3-7-jugis cum imparl obovatis oblongisve breviter petiolulatis obtusis v. 
breviter acuminatis coriaceis utrinque saturate viridibus nitidis, racemis 4-8- 
pollicaribus subpaniculatis, floribus sparsis purpureis, calycis labiis tubo 
brevioribus superiore truncato, inferiore obtuse 3-fido vexillo orbiculari sericeo 
intus supra basin transverse calloso, filamento superiore libero, ovario stipitato, 
legumine 6-pollicari crasso sublignoso dense velutino, serninibus magnis crassis. 

M. megasperma, Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. ii. p. 211. 

Wistabia megasperma, F. Muell. Fragm. vol. i. p. 10. 

The genus Millettia consists of upwards of forty species 
of tropical Asiatic and African Leguminous climbers, with 
one Australian. It is closely allied to Wistaria, differing 
only in the thick-valved tardily dehiscent pod. Indeed 
these genera are so closely allied, that one plant, the W. 
Japonica, Sieb. and Zucc, has been pronounced by Bentham 
to be intermediate in point of structure between them. 

Like its near ally, Wistaria sinensis, the Millettia mega- 
sperma is a tall woody climber, festooning lofty forest trees 
in its native country, namely, river banks in tropical and 
subtropical Australia, where its pendulous panicled racemes 
of bright purple flowers and glossy evergreen leaves must 
have a very beautiful effect. It has been collected at various 
places in Queensland, and in the northern parts of New 
South Wales, and was first described by Baron von Mueller, 
to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for its introduction. 
The figure is from a plant growing up the south-east angle 
of the main body of the Temperate House at Kew, where it 
flowered in August of last year. 

F£BfirrAET 18T, 1881. 

Descr. A tall evergreen woody climber, with dark green 
glossy foliage and copious panicled racemes of purple 
flowers, glabrous except the puberulous young shoots and 
panicles and petioles. Leaves eight to twelve inches long, 
with three to seven pairs of leaflets and an odd one; petiole 
and rachis slender ; leaflets very shortly petiolulate, about 
two inches long, oblong or elliptic, subacute or shortly 
acuminate, dark green on both surfaces, glossy above, nerves 
delicate; stipules caducous. Racemes pendulous, slender, 
panicled, four to eight inches long, rachis pubescent ; 
flowers numerous, about two-thirds of an inch in diameter, 
purple, except the back of the standard, which is nearly 
white; pedicels short, slender. Calyx short, base hemi- 
spheric ; lips subequal, upper truncate, lower trifid. Stan- 
dard orbicular, limb emarginate at the much thickened 
base just above the claw. Wings boat-shaped, subacute, 
bases auricled. Keel obtuse. Upper stamen free. Ovary 
many-ovuled. Pod four inches long, very thick, falcate and 
flattened, densely velvety, few-seeded, tardily dehiscent ; 
valves woody. Seeds broad, thick, two-thirds of an inch 
in diameter ; testa brown, hilum elongate. — J. D. H. 

Fig-. 1, section of calyx, staminal tube, and ovary ; 2, calyx ; 3, standard ; 
4, wings ; 5, tips of ditto, showing their cohesion ; 6, ovary ; 7, staminal tube : — 
all a little enlarged. 

'Ancent Brook 

Tab. 6542. 
CLEMATIS 2Ethus^i folia, var. latisecta. 

Native of Amur 'land and N. China. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceje.— Tribe ClematidEjE. 
Genus Clematis, Linn. ; (Benth. et ILooTc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 3.) 

Clematis (Flammula) mthusaifolia ; Bcandens, glaberrima v. puberula, caulibus 
gracilibus angulatis sulcati^que, f'oliis parvis 2-3-pinnatisectis,segmentis cuneatis 
incisis v. pinnatilobatis obtusis angusto linearibus v. oblougis v. obovatis, 
pedunculis solitariis biuis ternisve elongatis gracilibus erectis apice decurvis, 
floribus inter minoribus ^-f poll, longis cylindraceo-campanulatis, sepalis 4 
oblongis cobasrentibus albis dorso pubescentibus apicibus latis liberis ^paullo 
recurvis obtusis v. subacutis, filamentis dilatatis. 

C. setbussefolia, Turcz. Decad. PI. Chin. p. 2 ; Walp. Hep. vol. i. p. 5. 

Var. latisecta, foliorum segmentis latis. 

Maxim. Prim. Fl. Amur. p. 12 ; Kegel Flor. Ussur. n. 4 ; Gartenfl. 1861, p. 342, 
t. 342. C. setbussefolia, Carriere in Bev. Hortie. 1869, p. 10, cum Ic. Xylog. 

A very graceful climber, perfectly hardy, as might be 
anticipated from its native country, which extends from the 
neighbourhood of Pekin — whence we have examined dried 
specimens collected by Dr. Bushell, late of the Chinese 
Embassy, and others — to the Amur river. It varies greatly 
in the breadth of the leaf-segments ; those of the originally- 
described form being divided into very narrow linear lobes, 
whilst in that figured here they are as broad as long, and in 
Maximovicz's specimen of this same variety (latisecta) they 
are an inch long and cuneiform. The flowers are, though 
not conspicuous, exceedingly graceful, very abundantly 
produced, and pendulous from stiff erect peduncles. 

The specimen here figured is from a plant that has long 
been in the Kew collection, and was, no doubt, received 
from the St. Petersburg Botanic Gardens; it flowers as 
late as September and October. 

Descb. A slender glabrous or puberulous climber. Stems 
and branches angled and grooved. Leaves one to two 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1881. 

inches long, very numerous, twice or thrice pinnately 
divided ; segments narrow or broad, more or less deeply 
cut into linear obtuse or cuneate or irregularly rounded cut 
and toothed segments ; petiole stiff. Peduncles one to 
three from the nodes of the stem, one to two inches long, 
stiff, erect, curved at the top. Floivers one-half to three- 
fourths of an inch long, between cylindric and campanulate, 
white, base rounded. Sepals linear-oblong, coherent by 
their slightly overlapping margins, tips shortly recurved, 
rounded or subacute. Filaments dilated below, hairy. — 
J. D. U. 

Fig. 1, longitudinal section of the flower ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, carpel ; 5, stigma : 
— all enlarged. 


L Reeve & C9 LcmA- 

Tab. 6543. 

FOURCROYA cubensis var. inermis. 

Native of Tropical America. 

Nat. Old. Amabyllidace^e.— - Tribe Agabej;. 
Genus Foubcboya (Vent.), Schultes ; {Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 839.) 

Fourcboya cubensis var. inermis; caudice brevi, foliis 20-30 dense rosulalis 
lai ceolatis viridibus 2-3-pedalibus subintegris exterioribus recurvatis, pedunculu 
fohis duplo longiori, floribus in paniculam laxam rhomboideam ramis erecto- 
palentibus dispositis, pedicellis brevissimis cernuis apice articulatis, bracteis 
ininutis deltoideis, ovario cylindrico-trigono 8-9 lin. longo, limbi se^mentis 
oblongo-lanceolatis ovario longioribus, staminibus limbo duplo brevloribus, 
stylo antberas superante stigmate parvo. 

This fine Fourcroya came from the collection of Mr. 
Wilson Saunders, and flowered in the Cactus House at Kew 
in the winter of 1879-1880. Though at first sight it looks 
very different, I do not think that it can safely be regarded 
as more than a variety of the widely-spread tropical 
American Fourcroya cubevsis of Haworth, of which, although 
it is frequently seen in gardens and has been fully known 
by botanists for the last one hundred and twenty years, no 
good figure has yet been given. From the ordinary F. 
cubensis, of which a description and the full synonymy will 
be found in my monograph of the genus in the Gardeners* 
Chronicle, 1879, page 623, our present plant differs by its 
less rigid leaves and by the total or almost entire suppression 
of their marginal teeth, which in the type are very large 
and close, and armed with pungent horny brown spines. 
The original spelling of the name of the genus is Fwrercea, 
but as it was named in honour of the chemist Fourcroy, we 
have followed the emendation of Schultes, which is now 
almost universally adopted. 

Descr. Caudex very short, about three inches in diameter. 
Leaves twenty or thirty in a dense rosette, lanceolate, bright 
green and smooth both on back and face, almost or quite 

FEI3BUABY 1ST, 1881. 

destitute of teeth down the edges, moderately firm in tex- 
ture, not pungent at the tip, the outer ones recurving, two 
and a half or three feet long, three inches broad at the 
middle, narrowed gradually to an inch and a half above the 
dilated base. Peduncle about five feet long, sheathed by 
several much-reduced ascending leaves. Panicle lax, 
rhomboid, about five feet long by one and a half or two 
feet broad, its erecto-patent branches a foot or a foot and a 
half long, with only very small bracts at the base ; pedicels 
very short, drooping, the upper ones of the branch solitary, 
the lower clustered ; bracts minute, deltoid, membranous. 
Ovary green, cylindrical-trigonous, about three-quarters of 
an inch long; segments oblong-lanceolate, spreading, milk- 
white, an inch long, a third of an inch broad. Stamens 
half as long as the perianth- segments ; filament with a 
struma an eighth of an inch thick, narrowed into a subulate 
tip below the small oblong anther. Style finally twice as 
long as the stamens ; stigma minute, capitate. — J.G.Baker. 

Fig. 1, the whole plant, muck reduced ; 2, a flower, with the segments of the 
limb taken away; 3, two stamens; 4, horizontal section of the ovary; 5, tip of style 
and stigma: — all more or less enlarged. 



L.R«eve & C° London 

Tab. 6544. 
Native of Japan and China. 

Nat. Ord. Liliacej?. — Tribe Uvulaeieje. 
Genus Teicybtis, Wallich ; {Baler in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 468.) 

Tbicyetis macropoda; caule flexuoso 2-3-pedali inferae glabro superne 8ubtilit«Jc 

glanduloso-puberulo, foliis alternisoblongis amplexicaulibus acutis facie calvalis 
dorso pubescentibus margine scabris, floribuspluribuslaxeeorymbosis. periantliii 
mfundibularis segmentis oblongo-spathulatis extus viridibus intus albidis crebre 
purpureo-punctato flore expanso late falcatis exterioribus basi fbveolatis 
profunde saccatis interioribus haud foveolatis marginibus inflexis, genitaliblM 
perianthio paulo brevioribus, capsulis linearibus acute angulatis. 
T. macropoda, Miquel in Ann. Mus. Lug. Bat. vol. iii. p. 155 ; Maxim, in Bull 
Acad. Petrop. vol. vi. p. 208; Kegel in Gartenftora, vol. xviii. p. 120, t. 613 • 

Franchet et Savat. Enum. Jap. vol. ii. p. 74 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. 

vol. xvii. p. 464. 

The genus Tricyrtis has so far been very little cultivated 
in our English gardens. As the plate shows, it is a very 
distinct and very remarkable Liliaceous type. It is restricted 
to Japan, China, and the Eastern Himalayas. Six species 
are now known, all of them closely resembling one another 
in habit and structure. Three of them have been introduced 
into cultivation, and the other two, T. hirta, Tab. 5355, and 
T. pilosa, Tab. 4955, have already been figured in the 
Botanical Magazine. The present species flowers in the 
middle of summer, produces its seeds in autumn, and dies 
down to the ground in winter. Our drawing was made 
from a plant that flowered in the herbaceous ground at 
Kew, in July, 1880. 

Discb. Stem erect, flexuose, terete, two or three feet 
long, glabrous in the lower part, finely glandular-pubescent 
upwards. Leaves alternate, oblong, acute, amplexicaul, 
three or four inches long, moderately firm in texture, with 
about seven clearly-marked main veins running from the 
base nearly to the apex, at first slightly pilose, but when 

FEBBUAEY lbT, 1881. 

mature glabrous on the upper surface, finely pubescent 
beneath, denticulate and scabrous on the edges. Flowers 
several, arranged in a lax deltoid corymb, on long erect or 
ascending glandular-pubescent peduncles. Perianth about 
an inch long, greenish on the outside, whitish within with 
copious minute purplish-brown spots ; segments oblong- 
spathulate, spreading from halfway down when the flower 
is fully expanded ; the three outer ones deeply saccate and 
conspicuously foveolate at the base ; the three inner ones 
neither saccate nor foveolate. Stamens nearly as long as 
the perianth; filaments arching away from the centre of 
the flower at the top ; anthers small, oblong, extrorse. 
Ovary linear, acutely angular, narrowed gradually into a 
short style ; stigmas linear-subulate, papillose down to the 
base, spreading, half an inch long, deeply bifid. Capsule 
firm in texture, linear, acutely triangular, an inch or more 
long, dehiscing septicidally. — /. G. Baher. 

Fig. 1, a flower cut down the centre ; 2, base of an outer segment of the perianth ; 
3, base of an inner segment of the perianth ; 4, a stamen complete ; 5, apex of 
filament, with anther ; 6, stigmas ; 7, section of ovary : — all more or less magnified. 


I.I.S.<w.; [ J.A.I',l,hl l :th 

vincei I 

" C [J London 

Tab. 6545. 
CRINUM Forbesianum. 

Native of Delagoa Bay. 

Nai Ord. Amaetllidace^e.— Sub-order Amabyllide.e. 
Genus Cbiuum, Linn.; (Knnth Enum. vol. v. p. 517.) 

Cbinum Forbesianum; bulbo maxirao brevicollo tunicis membranaceis brnnneis, 
fuliis post scapum product is lorato-lanceolatis tripedalilms gfaracu huuiil'usi.s 
distincte ciliatis, scapo crassissimo ancipiti brevi, wnbellis 90-40-florii, spathic 
valvis magnis lanceolato-deltoideis rubcllis, pedicellis brevibus orectis, fioribai 
cernuis 7-8-uncialibus suaveolentibu*, tubo cylindiico, iimbi segmentis ob- 
lauceolato-oblongis acutis tubo longioribus dorso rubro suffusis dimidio Inferior! 
connivcntibus, dimidio superiori Bore expanso reflexis, genitalibus declinatia 
perianthio aoquilongis. 

C. Forbesianum, Herbert Amaryttid. p. 267 ; Kunth JEnum. vol. v. p. 577. 

C. Porbesii, Schultes fil. Syst. Teg. vol. vii. p. 864. 

Amaryllis Forbesii, Lindl. in Trans, llort. Soc. vol. vi. p. 87. 

This is a mosfc curious and interesting species of Crinum, 
remarkable for its very large bulbs, short stout scapes, and 
very large decumbent leaves, not developed fully till after 
the flowers have faded. The individual flowers are not 
very unlike those of the well-known Crinum ornafum, and 
have the same tint of bright red down the outside of the 
perianth-segments. Its nearest ally is the plant we figured 
lately from Zanzibar, Crinum Kirkii, Tab. 6512. The 
present species was originally sent to England about the 
year 1824 by Mr. John Forbes, and was briefly described 
at the time by Dr. Lindley, from the Chiswick Garden, in 
the Journal of the Horticultural Society. It appears to 
have soon been quite lost out of cultivation, and as no 
figure nor specimen was preserved, it passed into the rank 
of doubtful species, till it was sent to Kew in L877 by the 
late Mr. J. J. Monteiro, one of the last of many valuable 
contributions to the garden, museum, and herbarium, which 
we received from him. Mr. Monteiro's bulbs were procured 

MARCH 1ST, 1881. 

from the Lebombo Mountains. Our drawing was made 
from a specimen that flowered at Kew in October, 1878. 

Desce, Bulb as large as a man's head, with a short neck 
and copious brown membranous tunics. Leaves lanceolate- 
lorate, not fully developed till after the flowers, decumbent, 
three feet long, four inches broad, acute, glaucous, distinctly 
ciliated. Scape ancipitous, above an inch in thickness, 
pale green, at most a foot long. Flowers thirty or forty in 
a dense umbel ; spathe-valves lanceolate-deltoid, three inches 
long, tinted red; pedicels erect, half or three-quarters of 
an inch long. Perianth funnel-shaped, seven or eight inches 
long, cernuous ; ovary oblong, green ; tube cylindrical, 
about three inches long ; limb four or four and a half inches 
long, its segments oblanceolate-oblong, acute, suffused with 
bright red down the back, permanently connivent in the 
lower half, reflexing in the upper. Filaments decimate, 
about as long as the perianth- segments ; anthers linear- 
oblong, versatile, under half an inch long. Style very 
slender, declinate, bright red towards the tip, as long as 
the perianth ; stigma capitate. — J. 6r. Baker. 

Fig. 1, the whole plant, reduced; 2 and 3, portions of the edge of the leaf; 4, 
stamens and perianth-segments ; 5, two anthers ; 6, ■ horizontal section of the 
ovary : — all more or less enlarged. 

PL 6516. 


YmcPDtBrocks Day & 

L. Reeve & C° London 

Tab. 6546. 
Native of Western North America. 

Nat. Ord. Nyctaginej:. — Tribe Mieabilieje. 
Genus Abbonia, Juss. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 7.) 

Abbonia latifolia ; perennis, viscoso-pubescens, caulibus prostratis crassis succu- 
lentis, foliis carnosis late ovatis obovatis subrhombeis v. rotundatis rarius 
cordatis obtusis integerrimis, petiolo elongato crasso, pedunculis axillaribus 
folia sequautibus v. superantibus, bracteis involucrantibus 5 oblongis ovatis v. 
rotundatis floribus brevioribus, umbellis pollicem diametro densifloris, floribus 
aureis, perianthii tubo elongato superne sensim dilatato, lobis brevibus emar- 
ginatis, fructibus subrhombtis utrinque acutis coriaceis, alis lateralibus angustis 
latisve reticulatim venosis. 

A. latifolia, Eschscholtz in Mem. Acad. Petersb. vol. x. p. 281 ; Watson JBot. of 
California, vol. ii. p. 4; DC. Prodr. vol. xiii. pars 2, p. 436. 

A. arenaria, Menz. in Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 193 ; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. ii. p. 125 ; 
Benth. Bot. Sulph. Voy. p. 43 ; DC. Prodr. vol. xiii. pars 2, p. 435. 

A very common plant on the sandy shores of Western 
North America, from Magdalena Bay in California, extending 
thence northward to Vancouver's Island, forming large 
patches on the beach, enlivened with heads of golden 
fragrant flowers. It was discovered by Mr. Archibald 
Menzies, the surgeon and naturalist of Captain Vancouver's 
expedition to the coast of North-Western America; who 
also first brought from Chili the seeds of Araucaria imbricata 
(in 1798), from which the two old trees now at Kew and 
Dropmore, were raised. 

The specimen here figured is from a plant that flowers 
annually in the Herbaceous Ground at Kew in the months 
of August and September. 

Desce. Whole plant glandular-pubescent and viscid, 
usually coated more or less with sand. Boot stout, perennial, 
fusiform, fleshy. Stems many from the root, one to two 
feet long, quite prostrate, succulent, cylindrical, often as 
thick as a goose's quill. Leaves one to one and a half 

MABCH 1ST, 1881. 

inches long, very variable in shape, ovate obovate orbicular 
reniform or obtusely rhomboid, sometimes cordate at the 
base, obtuse, succulent, dark green ; petiole usually longer 
than the blade, often twice as long, very stout, gradually 
expanding into the blade. Peduncle axillary, as long as or 
longer than the petiole, equally thick. Involucral bracts 
oblong or ovate, concealed under the flowers. Umbels about 
an inch across, many- and dense-flowered. Flowers one- 
half to two-thirds of an inch long, golden-yellow with a 
green eye, fragrant. Perianth-tube slender, gradually dilated 
upwards ; limb one- quarter of an inch in diameter, lobes 
obcordate. Ovary obovoid. Fruit about one-third of an 
inch long, rhomboid, coriaceous, wings three, broad or 
narrow, veined, hollow. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, the same laid open longitudinally; 3, stamens; 4, base of 
filaments and of ovary ; 5, stigma ; 6, section of ovary -.—all enlarged. 


Tad. 6547. 


Native of the Orange Free State. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeyllidace^. — Sub-order Amabyllidejb. 
Genus Neeine, Herbert ; (Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 615.) 

Nebine filifolia ; bulbo parvo ovoideo, foliis 6-10 synantbiis subulatis flaccidi9 
glabris scapo brevioribus facie canaliculars, scapo gracili tereti subpedali 
glanduloso-puberulo, umbellis centripetalibus 8-10-floris, spatba; valvis parvis 
lanceolatis, pedicellis glandulosis flore saepe longioribus, ovario globoso profunde 
lobato, perianthii limbi uncialis rosei segmentis anguste oblanceolatis crLspatis, 
genitalibus perianthio suba3quilongis, capsulis orbicularibus profunde lobatis, 
seminibus in loeulo 2-3. 

This pretty little new Nerine belongs to the group called 
Distortcs by Herbert, and in its centripetal inflorescence 
agrees with N. flexuosa and pulchella. A narrow-leaved 
form of the latter, with the same glandular pedicels, dis- 
covered by Mr. Thos. Cooper in the Orange Free State, will 
be found figured in Saunders's Refugium Botanicum, Tab. 
329. The present plant, which is also from the Orange 
Free State, is much less robust in habit than Mr. Cooper's, 
and differs essentially from all the species already known 
by its numerous weak slender filiform leaves. We received 
it at Kew from Mr. Chas. Ayres, Seedsman and Florist, of 
Cape Town. Our drawing was made from specimens that 
flowered at Kew in October, 1880. I do not think that 
Nerine can be well separated as a genus from Ammocharis 
and Lycoris. 

Descb. Bulbs ovoid, densely casspitose, under an inch in 
diameter ; outer tunics brown, very thin. Leaves six to 
ten from a bulb, contemporary with the flowers, slender, 
subulate, grass-green, glabrous, six or eight inches long at 
the flowering time, weak in texture, rounded on the back, 
channelled down the face. Sca/pe about a foot long, slender, 

MABCH 1ST, 1881. 

terete, densely glandular-pubescent. Umbel centripetal, 
eight- or ten-flowered ; spathe-valves greenish, lanceolate, 
under an inch long ; pedicels erecto-patent, densely 
glandular-pubescent, usually longer than the flowers. 
Perianth-limb horizontal, rose-red, an inch long ; segments 
oblanceolate, crisped, not more than a twelfth of an inch 
broad, reflexed towards the tip, five of them usually more 
or less distinctly ascending and the sixth deflexed. Stamens 
decimate, about as long as the perianth ; filaments bright 
red ; anthers minute, oblong, reddish ; pollen white. Style 
finally exceeding the stamens ; stigma capitate. Capsule 
orbicular, deeply lobed, with two or three seeds in each 
cell. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, section of leaf; 2, segment of perianth-limb, with stamen; 3, anthers; 
4, pistil, complete ; 5, horizontal section of ovary i — all enlarged. 

PL 6518 


/mcentBrooks Day & Son Imp 


Tab. 6548. 
rosa microphylla. 

Native of China and Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rose.e. 
Genus Rosa, Linn.; (Bentk. et Roolc. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 425.) 

Rosa microphylla ; frutex erectua, dense ramosus, glaberrimus v. puberulus, eglan- 
dulosus, ramis graeilibus, aculeis ad basin foliorum 2-nis rectis basi dilatatis 
rameis 0, foliis 3-4-pollicaribus, foliolis 3-7-jugis ellipticis subacutis v. 
acuminatis serrulatis, petiolo nudo v. sparse aculeolato, stipulis parvis v. 0, 
floribus solitariis ebracteatis breviter pedunculatis, calycis tubo pedunculoque 
densissime aculeolatis, aculeolis flavidis rectis a latere compressis, sepalis late 
ovatis v. ovato-rotundatis fimbriato-lnceris persistentibus, petalis roseis 2-lobis, 
disco incrassato faucem claudente, fructu magno depresso globoso crasse carnoso 
basi intruso, acliseniis paucis basilaribus late ovoideis obtuse angulatis apice 
obtusis setosis. 

R. micropbylla, JRoxb. in Lindl. Monog. Bos. pp. 9, 146 ; Sot. Beg. t. 919 ; Boxb. 
Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 515; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 602; Sot. Mag. t. 3490; 
Wall. Cat. n. 692 ; Brandis For. Fl. of N. W. India, p. 200 ; Boole, f. Fl. 
Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 364; Crepin Prim. Monog. Bos. 330. 

The old plate of the double variety of this plant, pub- 
lished nearly half a century ago in this work (Tab. 3490), 
gives no idea at all either of its habit or botanical 
characters. That of Lindley in the Botanical Register, 
though better as regards foliage, also illustrates only the 
double-flowering state ; whilst neither represents the fruit, 
which is quite unlike that of any of its congeners, and is 
now for the first time figured. Like many other Roses, the 
present was known in its cultivated state for long before 
its native country was discovered, though that this was 
China was suspected from its having been early recognized 
by Dr. Lindley as identical with a plant figured in a collec- 
tion of Chinese drawings of plants in the possession of Mr. 
after Sir Henry T. Colebrooke. All we know of its early 
history is, that it was introduced from Canton into the 
Calcutta Botanic Gardens by Dr. D. Roxburgh, from whence 
it has been diffused into Indian gardens generally. M. 

MARCH 1ST, 1881. 

Crepin, whose is the only good description of the wild 
plant that has hitherto been published, gives Lake Hakone 
in central Japan as the sole native locality known to him, 
it having been collected there by M. Maximo vicz in 1862, 
and Dr. Savatier in 1871 ; to this can now be added New- 
Kiang in North China, from whence there is in the Kew 
Herbarium a very indifferent specimen (apparently of the 
single form) collected by Dr. Shearer in 1873. In its double 
form Rosa microphylla is commonly cultivated throughout 
China and Japan, and even in Upper Burma, Dr. Anderson 
having found it at Momyen. 

The fruit, which is as large as a crab-apple, is eaten by 
the Japanese. The leaflets of the wild form are described 
by M. Crepin as being medium-sized with long points. 

Descb. A ramous eglandular nearly glabrous erect bush, 
attaining eight feet in height. Branches slender, flexuous, 
glabrous, unarmed except at the bases of the petioles, 
where there are two nearly straight flattened prickles with 
dilated bases. Leaves two to four inches long, seven- to 
nine-foliolate ; leaflets rarely more than one-half to two- 
thirds of an inch long, elliptic-ovate, acute, rarely acuminate, 
finely serrate, firm, smooth above, glabrous or puberulous 
beneath; rachis smooth or with a few small prickles. 
Flowers solitary, shortly peduncled. Calyx-tube hemispheric, 
densely clothed with stiff spreading straight yellowish 
laterally flattened prickles ; sepals broad, thick, rather 
fleshy, irregularly deeply lacerate on the margins, persistent. 
Disk very broad, closing the calyx-tube. Fruit one and a 
half to two inches in diameter, depressed-globose, con- 
siderably broader than long, intruded at the base; flesh 
very thick, leaving a small cavity much broader than long. 
Achencs basal, few, about one-third of an inch long, broadly 
ovoid, obtusely angled, straw-coloured, glabrate with a 
terminal tuft of bristles. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of calyx-tube and disk ; 2, ovar} T ; 3, ripe fruit ; 4, vertical 
section of the same ; 5, achene:— all but Jiffs. 2, 3, and 4, enlarged. 


■ 'chlith 

Vincant Bronte Day A 

Tab. 6549. 

aster gymnooephalus. 
Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Asteroideje. 
Genus Astee, Linn. ; {Benth. et Rouk.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 271.) 

Aster (Machaerauthera) gi/mnocephalua ; ereeta e radice bienni vel annua, parce 
rntnosa, pube hispidulaet per caulem hirsuta. sursum glandulosa, foliis parvulis 
oblongo-lanceolatis vel radicalibus spathulatis serratis, dentibus setiferis, venis 
obsoletis, capitulis ramos apice nudiusculos terminantibus mediocribus, involucro 
hannispherioo e bracteis plurlserialibus lineari-subulatis maxima parte herbaceis 
hirtelm-glandulosis squarroso-recurvis, lijjulisperplurimis semipollicaribus lato- 
linearibus late voseo-purpureis, acheniis brevibus turbinate villosissimis, pappo 
e setis rigidulis valde insequalibus, radii sat breviori parciori, receptaculo 
insigniter fimbrillato. 

A. gymnocephalus, A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. vol. xv. p. 32. 

Aplopappus gymnocephalus, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 346. 

MacH-ERANTHERa setigera, Nees in Linncea,vo]. xis. p. 722. 

Mistaking the proper colour of the ray-flowers of this 
plant, which indeed is not obvious in most of the dried 
specimens, and misled by a near resemblance to Aplopappus 
spinulosus, De Candolle not unnaturally referred it to the 
genus Aplopappus. Having named some very imperfectly- 
developed specimens of Berlandier, belonging to that genus, 
Aplopappus phylloceplialus, he gave to this the counterpart 
name of gymnocephalus, which name it now takes in Aster, 
unmeaning though it be. We have ascertained that it is 
also the Machceranthera setigera of Nees, much later pub- 
lished and with hardly any character. The true colour of 
the ray was noted long ago in Plantas Wright iai ire, Part I., 
p. 97, as also the affinity to Machceranthera. This is con- 
firmed by the annual or biennial duration of the root, one 
of the characteristics of this section of Aster. The species 
to which it is most allied are A. canes cens, and A. Towns- 

MARCH 1ST, ]8S1. 

heiidii (Tab. 6430), which proves to be A. Bigelovii, A. Gray- 
in Pacif. R. R. Exped. vol. iv. p. 97, tab. 10. 

This appears to be a common species throughout the 
northern and central parts of Mexico; and it occurs in 
almost all collections made in that region. It is here for 
the first time brought into cultivation, from seeds collected 
in 1878 by Drs. Parry and Palmer in the vicinity of San 
Luis Potosi. It is a fine acquisition to the gardens; and 
its rosy-purple rays distinguish it from all its near relatives. 

Descr. A low species, branching directly from the bi- 
ennial or annual root, attaining only a foot or two in height, 
clothed with a minute roughish pubescence, and with more 
bristly hairs on the stem, becoming viscid or glandular 
near the heads and especially on the involucre, and imparting 
a balsamic or terebinthine scent. Leaves beset with either 
distinct or obscure teeth, which are tipped with a prominent 
bristle ; the veins obsolete ; cauline about an inch long and 
somewhat amplexicaul ; radical inclining to spathulate, four 
or five inches long. Reads terminating the few or more 
numerous branches, somewhat naked-pedunculate. Invo- 
lucre half an inch broad and high; its bracts attenuate, 
recurving, in several ranks, giving a squarrose appearance ; 
the short pubescence decidedly glandular. Receptacle flat, 
very strongly fimbrillate. Rays about fifty, crowded, rather 
broadly linear, half an inch long, rose-purple or with a 
tinge of lilac. Dislc-floivers yellow and unchanging. Style- 
arms with oblong appendages. Achenes remarkably short, 
turbinate, hardly compressed, very villous. Pappus of 
rather scanty and unusually rigid bristles, all shorter than 
the corolla tubes, the outer series of bristles only half the 
length of the inner; ray-pappus decidedly shorter than 
that of the disk-flowers. — A. Gray. 

Fig. 1, section through involucre and receptacle ; 2, ray-flower ; 3, style-arms of 
ditto; 4,; 5, style-arms of ditto -.—all enlarged. 


Tab. 6550. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. GEBANUCEiE. — Tribe Balsaminej:. 
Genus Impatjens, Linn.; [Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 277.) 

Impatiens amphorata ; erecta, elata, ramosa, caule angulato, foliis petiolatis ellip- 
tico-oyatis v. lanceolatis acuininatis crenato-serratis, stipulis glanduligeris, 
racemis subterminalibus et in axillis superioribus saepe subumbellatim v. 
verticillatim interrupts multifloris, pedicellis elongatis, floribus magnis pallide 
hlacinis roseo-maculatis, sepalis orbiculari-cordatis, vexillo orbiculari dorso 
cristato v. cornuto, alarum lobis lateralibus rotundatis terminali pendulo obtuso 
extus lobulato, labello magno cylindraceo obtuso, calcare brevi tenui incurvo, 
capsula lineari-elongata, seminum testa rugosa. 

I. amphorata, JEdgew. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xx. p. 39 ; Hook. f. Flor. Brit. 
Ind. vol. i. p. 475. 

I. longiconm, Wall. Cat. No. 4729 in part. I. longicornu, var. 0. Hook. f. et 

Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. 148. 
I. umbrosa, Edgeio. I. c. in part. 
I. picta, Knowles et Westcott, Floral Cabinet, t. 128. 

One of the tallest and handsomest of Himalayan Balsams, 
though not attaining the stature of /. Boylei, Walp. 
(I. glandulifera, Royle, 111. t. 28 ; I. glanduligera, tab. 
nost. 4020), with which it is often confounded in gardens, 
but which differs in having opposite or whorled leaves, 
bristle-shaped stipules, and club-shaped capsules. It is a 
common plant in the Western Himalaya, from Kashmir to 
the Nipal frontier in Kumaon, at elevations of 5000 to 
8000 feet, where it was first distinguished by Mr. Edgeworth 
as a distinct species. Like all its congeners, it is a very 
variable plant, of which I have retained, in the Flora of 
British India, three forms, which are regarded as species 
by ]\Ir. Edgeworth, namely : 1, amphorata, that here figured ; 
2, var. umbrosa, with glandular pedicels and the lip 
gradually narrowed into the incurved spur ; and 3, ^aliens, 
with smaller paler flowers, eglandular pedicels, and the lip 

apeil 1st, 1881. 

gradually narrowed into a revolute spur. Of these forms, 
that called pattens by Edgeworth is the I. bicolor of Royle, 
a name which has priority, but does not apply to the 
prevalent form of the species, and which has further been 
inadvertently applied to a very different plant, the West 
African I. bicolor of this work (Tab. 5366). 

I. amphoratd was introduced into Kew by seed from 
Kashmir, and flowers annually abundantly in the months 
of August and September, 'it was in cultivation forty 
years ago in the Horticultural Gardens, having been sent 
from the gardens of Saharunpore, in North- West India, 
when these were under the superintendence of the late 
Dr. Royle. 

jDesob. Annual, three to six feet high, erect; stem as 
thick as the thumb at the base, succulent, branched up- 
wards. Leaves three to six inches long, petioled, elliptic- 
ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, finely crenate-serrate, bright 
green, with often pink edges and midrib; petioles with 
glands for stipules. Racemes two to five inches long, in 
the upper axils, many-flowered ; pedicels slender, one-half 
to three-fourths of an inch long, alternate or sub-whorled 
or subumbellate ; bracts ovate, green, very deciduous. 
Flowers one and a half inches long, pale purple, suffused 
and speckled with rose-red; sepals broadly orbicular-cordate, 
acute, greenish ; standard orbicular, two-lobed or notched 
at the top, crested or spurred behind ; wings two-thirds of 
an inch long, lateral lobe rounded, terminal pendulous 
obtuse with a lobule on the outer margin; lip cylindri- 
saccate, tip rounded with an abrupt short slender red 
incurved spur. Capsule one and a half inches long, linear, 
acuminate, grooved. Seeds with a rugose blackish testa — 
J. I). if. 

Fig. 1, sepal ; 2, staminal column ; 3, seed ; 4, embryo :— all enlarged, 

PI, G5S1. 

A.B.del J NFitch Lith 

'Vincent Brooks Day & Son imp 

L Reeve &C° London. 

Tar 6551. 
CLADRASTIS amurensis. 

Native of Amur- land. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^.— Tribe Sophore.e. 
Genus Cladrastis, Rafin ; (Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 554.) 

Cladrastis amurensis ; arbor parva, partibus novellis sericeo-pubescentibus, foliis 
impari-pinnatis, foliolis 3-4-jngia suboj>positis breviter petiolatis ovaiis v. ellip- 
tico-ovatis obtusis, basi interdum cordatis, terminali subsimili.^labris v. sparse 
pilosis, racemis subterminalibus simplicibus v. basi ramosia breviter peduncu- 
latis elongatis denwifloris, floribas sub-3-nis pedicellatis albo-virescentibaa, 
pedicellis interdum 2-floris bracteas minutas exeedentibus, leguminibtn oblongo- 
lanceolatis v. linearibus oligosperniis. 

C. amurensis, Benth. in Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 554. 

Maackia amurensis, Rupr. et Maxim, in Bull. Arad. St. Petersb. vol. xv. p. 143, 
t, 1, f. 2 ; Maxim. Prim. Fl. Amur. 87, t. o ; Morren. Belg. Hortic. 1870, 
'SOI, 1. 18 ; Regel Gartenfi 1875, 152, cum Ic. Kylog. 

It is not to be wondered at that, when the subject of 
the present plate was first described, it was supposed to be 
a new genus ; for at that time the close affinity of the 
Floras of North-Eastern Asia and the Eastern United 
States was not generally recoguized, and the affinity of 
Maachia with the hitherto monotypic genus Cladrastris 
(Virgilia lutea of our gardens) could not have been 
anticipated. Nevertheless these two geographically widely 
severed plants are unquestionably congeneric, and not to 
be separated by even a sectional character. It thus adds 
another to the remarkable assemblage of genera found in 
the two countries indicated, but not in the intervening 
territories of Western America, and of which Professor Asa 
Gray has made such good use in tracing the origin and 
migrations of the North American Flora. 

Cladrastis amurensis is a small tree, attaining forty fret 
in height, discovered in Manchuria, where it ranges in the 
basin of the Amur river from lat, 50° 15' to 52° 20' X. 

APRIL 1st, 1881. 

and it has also been found in the Japanese island of Jesso. 
Like G. virginica (Virgilia lutea), it is perfectly hardy in 
England, and, unlike the last-named plant, it flowers abun- 
dantly at Kew in the month of August, fruiting in October. 
The pods vary much in shape and size, in native specimens 
from one and a quarter to two inches long,. whilst at Kew 
they attain three and a half inches in length. The Royal 
Gardens are indebted to Mr. Van Yolxem, of Brussels, for 
specimens which are planted in the Leguminous beds of 
the Arboretum. 

Desor. A tree forty feet high, with a trunk six inches in 
diameter, and spreading and drooping densely leafy 
branches; young parts silkily pubescent, as are the 
rounded bud-scales. Leaves alternate, four to six inches 
long, pinnate ; pinnas three to four pair, subopposite, shortly 
petioled, two to three inches long, ovate ovate-cordate or 
elliptic-ovate, obtuse or subacute, membranous, glabrous or 
sparsely hairy beneath, nerves slender ; petiole terete. 
liacemes four to six inches long, subterminal, drooping 
w r ith ascending flowers, shortly peduncled, very dense- 
flowered, cylindric. Flowers one-third of an inch in 
diameter, one to three together, greenish-white ; pedicels 
rathar larger than the calyx; bracts very small. Calyx 
shortly cylindric, obtusely shortly two-lipped. Standard 
obovate-spathulate, recurved, notched, gradually narrowed 
into the claw ; wings linear- oblong, obtuse, with a deeply 
cordate base, claw slender; keel oblong, obtuse. Ovary 
pubescent ; style very short. Pod two to three and a half 
inches long, linear or elliptic-lanceolate, acute at both ends, 
much compressed, membranous, veined, brown. Seeds 
oblong.— J. D. H. 

*. Fl /' ]' fl ° we *' ; 2 . calyx staminal bundle and ovary, cut vertically ; 3, calyx ; 4, 

~ ; ,' W1 ; nSS J °' keel 5 7 ' ^aniens; 8, ovary ; 9, pod; 10, seed x-all but 9 
and 10 enlarged. J * ' 

77 6552. 

A3.del JNFit&^rfh. 

Vincent Brooic Day &■ 

L. Reeve &.C? IoticU 

Tab. 6552. 

Native of the Rocky Mountains and California. 

Nat. Ord. Rantjnctjlace.2B. — Tribe Hellebores. 
Genus Aquilegia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 8.) 

Aquilegia formosa ; caule gracili erecto superne puberulo 1-3-pedali, foliis radica- 
libus biternatis segmentis ultimis cuneatis obtuse 3-5-fidis qc -lobulatis, floribus 
1-2 poll. diam. lateritiis v. rubris sepalis intus petalisque aureis, sepalis ovato- 
lanceolatis acuminatis, petalorum limbo sepalis dimidio breviore orbiculari v. 
late ovato-orbiculari apicibus rotundatis v. apiculatis, marginibus recurvis, 
calcare recto brevi v. elongato apice vix incurvo. Tab. 6552 A. 

A. formosa, Fisch. in DC. Trodr. vol. i. p. 50 ; Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. i. p. 30. 

Var. flavescens, floribus aureis. A. flavescens, Wats. Hot. Calif, vol. i. Tab. 
6552 B. 

The more the American and Eastern Asiatic Columbines 
are brought under cultivation, the more difficult does it 
become to distinguish the species proposed by Russian and 
American authors ; and I very much suspect that ultimately 
there will be recognized only one or two sportive forms of 
the genus. Of the characters chiefly relied upon for dis- 
tinguishing the forms, none are constant, and least of all 
the two most conspicuous, the length of the spur and 
colour of the flower. In respect of colour, and, indeed, all 
other characters, A. formosa comes nearest to^4. canadensis, 
Linn. (Tab. nost. 246), which varies from red to orange 
and yellow, from which it differs in the larger flowers and 
in the much longer and more slender spurs, and in the very 
open perianth. From A. leptoceras of Nuttall (not of Fischer) 
(Tab. nost. 4407), and its var. chrysantha (Tab. nost. 607'6), 
it differs in the much smaller petals, which are rounded, 
with the limb more cupped, and not dilated beyond the 
middle, and especially in the much fewer stamens of more 
unequal lengtli, and more protruded from the flower. 
A. leptoceras has indeed been referred by Watson, in the 
Botany of California, to the lovely A. ca-nilea (Tab. nost. 
5477), the pride of the Rocky Mountain Flora, whose 
flowers vary in colour from the most beautiful azure blue 

apkil 1st, 1881. 

to lilac, orange, golden-yellow, and white. This latter 
species is, however, abundantly distinguished by the shorter 
filaments and anthers more collected into a head. 

Still another form of Western North American Columbines 
is the A. truncata, Fisch. and Mey. (Regel Sert. Petrop. 
1852, t. 11), retained as a species peculiar to California by 
Watson in the Botany of California (p. 10), (A. eximia, 
VanHouttein Flor. desSerres, 1857, t. 1188; A. Oalifornica, 
LindL), but regarded by others as a variety oi formosa. It 
is even nearer to A. canadensis than is A. formosa, having 
short thick spurs and very small sepals and a small limb to 
the petal. I have gathered it in the Wellingtonia Groves 
of the Sierra Nevada. Lastly, there is A. flavescens, Wats. 
from the Rocky Mountains, which appears to me to be 
another form of formosa, with pale golden flowers. At 
fig. B of the accompanying drawing is represented what I 
take to be this latter plant. It is remarkable that in both 
the forms here figured the spurs are twice as long as in any 
of the numerous Herbarium specimens I have examined of 
formosa, truncata, or flavescens, or than they are in any 
other Aquilegia but the forms of A. coerulea. 

All these Aquilegias are natives of the margins of 
mountain streams in Western North America, and have 
been introduced into the Royal Gardens at various times, 
flowering in July and August. 

Descr. Stem very slender, one to three feet high, more 
or less glandular, hairy above. Leaves biternate, ultimate 
segments cuneiform, obtusely lobulate and crenate. Flowers 
on very slender peduncles, one and a half to two inches 
long, brick-red and yellow or wholly yellow. Sepals 
lanceolate, acuminate, horizontally spreading in the red- 
flowered forms with a golden band down the centre. Petals 
with the limb suborbicula.r in outline, tip rounded or sub- 
acute, margins rather recurved ; spur long or short, some- 
times one and a half inches long, tips scarcely incurved, 
slightly swollen. Filaments far exserted, of very different 
lengths, outer almost twice as long as the inner; anthers 
scattered. Styles shorter than the longest stamens. — J. F. II. 

Fig. A, A. formosa and B, var. flavescens — both of the natural size. Fig. A, 
1, section of flower; 2, stamen; 3, carpel laid open ; all of A. formosa; all except 

A 1, enlarged 



I. Reeve kC° Londoji. 

Tab. 6553. 
KNIPHOFIA Uvaria var. maxima. 

Native of the Orange Free State. 

Nat. Ord. Liltace^.— Tribe Hemebocallide;e. 
Genus Kniphofia, Moench, ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 360.) 

Kniphofia Uvaria var. maxima; dense csespitosa, foliis linearibus e basi 1$ poll, 
lato ad apicem acuminatum sensim attenuate glauco tinctis acute carinatis 
margine vix serrulatis, scapo valido 4-6-pedali, racemis subspicatis oblongo- 
cjlindricis densis, floribus deflexis, pedicellis brevissimis, bracteis lanceolatis 
pedicellis multo longioribus, periantbto cvlindrico 15-18 lin. longo segmentis 
lanceolato-deltoideis, genitalibus longe exsertis. 

This is the plant now widely spread in gardens under 
the name of Kniphofia or Tritoma maxima or grandls. 
Though for garden purposes it has an individuality of its 
own, I cannot find any characters to separate it specifically 
from the well-known Red-hot Poker plant, Kniphofia Uvaria 
(Bot. Mag. Tab. 4816), from which it differs by its more 
robust habit, longer and broader leaves, stouter scape and 
rather longer flowers, with more decidedly exserted stamens 
and style. Our drawing was made from plants which 
flowered in the herbaceous ground at Kew in October, 1879, 
which we received from Max Leichtlin, Esq. It is a native 
of the Orange Free State, whence we possess dried wild 
specimens gathered by Mr. Thos. Cooper in 1862. We have 
a dried garden specimen from Mr. Cooper, in which the 
flowering scape, including the raceme, was nearly seven 
feet long. 

Descr. Densely tufted. Leaves linear, four or five feet 
long, tapering gradually from a base an inch and a half 
broad to a long acuminate point, glaucous, acutely keeled, 
not serrulate on the edge. Scape four or five feet long, 
as thick as a man's thumb, obtusely angled by ridges 
decurrent from the bracts. Racemes dense, subspicate, 

apbil 1st, 1881. 

oblong-cylindrical, a foot or more long ; flowers all deflexed ; 
pedicels very short ; bracts lanceolate, a quarter to half an 
inch long. Perianth cylindrical, an inch and a quarter or 
an inch and a half long, yellow, more or less tinted with 
red j segments lanceolate-deltoid. Stamens and style both 
considerably exserted— /. G. Baler. 

-llf'cliat*™™ and PiStU ' 2 ' anthei ' S 5 3 ' ° Vary J 4 ' horizoRtal section of ovary 


•■ JNBtdiLitli 


LJteeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6554. 
hechtia cordylinoides. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeiiacb^:. — Tribe Dyckie2e. 

Genus Hechtia ; (Klotzsch in Zuccar. Plant. Nov. Hort. Monac. fasc. iv. p. 239, 

t. 6.) 

Hechtia cordylinoides / acaulis, foliis multis dense rosulatis linearibus bipedalibus 
strictis apiee pungentibus facie nitidis obscure viridibus dorso albo-incanis 
veiticaliter lineatis margine aculeis corneis falcatis pungentibus armatis, pedun- 
culo valido bipedali foliis pluvious linearibus subscariosis proedito, floribus in 
paniculam amplam ramis multis patentibus superioribus simplicibus eylindrieis 
subspicatis interioribus parce ramosis dispositis, pedicellis brevissimis basi 
minute bracteatis, floribus parvis albis segregates, sepalis oblongo-deltoideis 
petalis oblongis duplo brevioribus, staminibus in plantam masculam exsertis, 
filamentis subulatis. 

This fine new Bromeliad is just like the three Hechtias 
already known (H. glomerata, Gheisbreghtii, Bot. Mag. 
Tab. 5842, and argentea) in habit and leaf, but it differs 
from them entirely in inflorescence, its minute white flowers 
arranged in ample panicle, recalling Oordyline and Dasy- 
lirion more than any recognized Bromeliaceous type. The 
genus is exclusively Mexican, and represents in the northern 
half of the continent Dychia of Brazil and the Argentine 
territory, from which it differs mainly by its polygamo- 
dioicous flowers. I believe that Hechtia is a perfectly good 
genus, and there is certainly no foundation, as a glance at 
Zuccarini's Memoir will show, for the idea thrown out by 
Dr. Karl Koch (Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol, 1863, Appendix, 
page 3), that Hechtia of Klotzsch is a different thing from 
Hechtia of Zuccarini. Our drawing of II. cordylinoides 
was made from a plant that flowered in the Cactus house 
at Kew in the summer of 1880. We have had the plant 
some time, and have no precise record of its history, but 
there is in the British Museum a dried specimen of the 
same or a closely-allied species gathered by Dr. Schott 

APRIL 1st, 1881. 

(No. 625) on the Cerro de Maxeana, in the province of 
Yucatan. The plant forms a very interesting addition to 
our small stock of Bromeliads from the subtemperate zone, 
which can be grown under the same conditions as ordinary 
Aloes, Agaves, and Cacti. 

Desce. Rosette sessile, four feet in diameter. Leaves 
about a hundred, very thick and rigid in texture, arching 
but slightly, linear, two feet long, an inch and a half broad, 
and half an inch thick at the base, tapering gradually to a 
pungent point, dull green, smooth, shining, and nearly flat 
on the face, white, with fine vertical lines down the convex 
back, armed down the edges with pungent falcate deltoid- 
cuspidate brown horny prickles, half to one inch apart. 
Peduncle stout, erect, about two feet long, furnished with 
several linear subscariose bract-like leaves. Flowers poly- 
gamous, arranged in an ample panicle five or six feet long, 
with very numerous spreading cylindrical shortly-peduncled 
branches, the upper ones simple, the lower with a couple 
of short branchlets from the base; pedicels very short, 
subtended at the base by a minute deltoid membranous 
bract ; main spikes four to six inches long, not more than 
half an inch in diameter when expanded ; rachis green, 
sulcate, obscurely pilose. Perianth white, not more than 
an eighth of an inch long ; sepals oblong-deltoid, greenish, 
half as long as the oblong petals. Stamens in the specimen 
figured fully developed, a little exserted ; filaments subulate ; 
anthers minute, oblong, versatile. Ovary rudimentary, with 
three distinct styles.—/. G. Baker. 

Fig.l, a dosed flower ; 2, an open flower ; 3, a flower cut down the middle ; 4, 5, 
two views of the anther; 5, 6, rudimentary pistil of the male plant -.—all more or 
let* magnified. 


Tab. 6555. 

Native of the Island oj Socotra. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace.e. 
Genus Begonia, Linn.,- (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 841,) 

Begonia socotrana; sparse patentim hirsnta, erecta, foliis peltatis orbicularibus 
disco intruso infundibularifbrmi marginibus recurvis crenatis, rloribus monoicis 
roseis masculis numerosis,perianthii segmentis 4 obovatis, staminibus in globum 
confertis, filamentis brevibus liberis, antberis clavatis recurvis apice rotundata 
postice debiscentibus, floribus fcemineis solitariis, perianthii segmentis 6 ellip- 
tico-obovatis, stylis brevibus ramis patenti incurvis non tprtis, stigmatibus 
cordatis linea papillosa conjunctis, ovario 3-gono 3-loculari, loculo dorsali alato, 
placentis integris. 

B. socotrana, HooJc.f. in Gard. Chron. 1881, p. 8, cum ic. xylog. 

A beautiful species, of which tubers were brought by 
Dr. I. B. Balfour from the dry and hot island of Socotra, 
m the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Arabia, one of the last 
places in the world in which a Begonia could have been 
expected to occur. From the geographical position of that 
island the affinity of this discovery may be conjectured to 
be either Asiatic or African, and, upon the whole, though 
referable to none of the sixty sections of the genus, founded 
by Klotzsch and A. de Candolle, it must, I think, be placed 
in the African one of Augustia, from the characters of 
which it differs chiefly in the male perianth having four 
segments, in the shorter filaments, rounded top of the 
anther, in the six lobes of the female perianth (instead of 
five), and the untwisted arms of the style — characters ;ill 
of which, except the last, occur in the Natal B. geranioides, 
Hook f. (Bot. Mag. Tab. 5583), to which B. socotrana is 
unquestionably closely allied. This is only one of the 
many most interesting plants brought by Dr. I. B. Balfour 
from an island which he alone has had the good fortune to 
explore, and the publication of the results of which explora- 

apbil 1st, 1881. 

tion are awaited with impatience by botanists no less than 

The Boyal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Balfour for 
tubers, which he liberally presented to that institution in 
April, and which flowered in December, a season when 
such a plant is doubly welcome to the cultivator, as the 
similar Begonias of the Andes, which make so magnificent 
a show in the conservatory during the summer and autumn 
months, are then all long past flowering. It is easily 
propagated by its tubers, and as the Kew plants continued 
in flower for two months in a warm conservatory, it will, 
doubtless, prove a great favourite. 

Desck. Erect, stout and succulent, sparingly branched, 
six to ten inches high, sparsely hairy all over the stem and 
leaves. Leaves orbicular, peltate, four to seven inches in 
diameter, centre with a funnel-shaped depression, margin 
recurved and crenate. Flowers monoecious, bright rose- 
pink, one female and several males on the same inflorescence. 
Male flower four inches in diameter; perianth -segments 
four, obovate. Stamens in a small globose head, filaments 
very short ; anthers clavate, recurved, tip rounded. Female 
flower rather smaller than the male ; perianth-segments six, 
oblong, obtuse. Styles very short, stigmas horse-shoe 
shaped, arms not twisted, united by a pappillose belt. 
Ovary three-angled, one angle winged; placentas entire. 
— /. V. H. 

Fig. 1, ovary ; 2, the same cut open transversely : — both enlarged. 

r 1,6566. 


Tab. 6556. 
MUSSCHIA aurea. 

Native of Madeira. 

Nat. Ord. CAMPANULACEiE. — Tribe Campami.k.k. 
Genus Musschia, Dumort.; {Benth. et Hook f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 660.) 

Musschia aurea ; acaulis v. caule brevi valido, glabcniina, nitida. foliil confertis 
breviter ciuu petiolatit elliptico-lanoeolatia utrinqoe ■nguatfttia lubdupli-y. 

triplicate) serratis coriari'is, paiiirula terminal] i-m-ta strirta pyramidata rinus 
apices versus cymiferis, bracteis foliaoek integerrimia v. sulx-erratis. <\ im> . 
florin, floribai erectia, pedioeDia crassis beams, oalyoia fcabo obooaioo loou 
magnis ovatis acutis erecto-patentibua, corollas aaresB legmentia patcntibus v. 
reflexia lanceolatu aoomioatu oalyoia loboa asqaaiitibaa. 

M. aurea, Dumort. Comm. Lot. \H2H, p. 88; Mph. DC. MonOf, CbatMM. p. 868, 
et in Prodr. vol. vii. p. 495 ; Lowe Man. PI. Madcir. vol. i. p. ■>'• I. 

Campanula aurea, Linn. f. Supj>l. p. Ill ; Ait. liori. Kew. ed. 2, vol. i. p 861 ; 
Vent. Jard. Malm. t. 116 ; Duhamel traite des Arbrcs. vol. m. p. L6 
ic. f Jacq. Sort. Sehoenb. vol. iv. t. 472 ; K<r Hot. Bag. t. 57. 

This is the most beautiful of the indigenous plants of 
Madeira, of which Mr. Lowe, in his Manual of the Flora of 
that island, says: "Nothing can exceed the singularity 
and splendour of a fine panicle as it occurs on its native 
rocks; almost wholly of a rich golden-yellow, and sinning 
as if varnished, in full contrast with the equally bright 
shining dark green foliage." And again: "Had this 
plant grown in Italy, it might well be supposed to have 
suggested the idea of the famous golden branch ot tho 
Cuma3an Sybil to the Roman poet." Though more beauti- 
ful, in point of singular appearance it falls short of its only 
congener, M. Woollastoni, also a native of Madeira, figured 
at Tab. 5606 of this work, which has larger and very pair 
flowers, surmounted by a columnar green style with live 
spreading and recurved arms, each one-half to nearly an 
inch long. With regard to this last species, it may be weU 
to record here Mr. Lowe's observation (Manual, p. &/7J 
that the flowers in its native state are much more coloured 

MAY 1st, 1881. 

than under cultivation, and the corolla is of a dull ochreous- 
yellow streaked with dull red, giving it somewhat of a 
purpurascent orange or lateriteous tint. 

M. aurea is a common plant on the sea cliffs of Madeira, 
and also ascends the ravines, rooting deeply into fissures of 
perpendicular dry sunny rocks; it was introduced into 
England in 1777 by Masson, a collector sent from Kew to 
South Africa, who visited Madeira en route to his destina- 
tion. The specimen figured flowered at Kew in July and 
August of last year. The .whole plant abounds in milky 

Descr. Stem none or in old plants a few inches (rarely a 
foot) long, cylindric, thicker than the thumb, fleshy, scarred, 
rarely branched. Leaves in a single terminal tuft, dark 
green, varnished and shining, five to six inches long by three 
to three and a half wide, very narrow, petioled, elliptic- 
lanceolate, doubly or trebly serrate ; petiole stout, one to 
two inches long. Panicle terminal, one to one and a half 
feet high, pyramidal, stout, erect; bracts leafy, sessile, 
entire or subserrate. Flowers about three together in 
cymes towards the ends of the branches, one and a half 
inches long and as much in diameter, erect, on short stout 
upcurved pedicels. Calyx-tube obconic, five-angled, yellow 
with five strong green ribs ; lobes half to three-quarters 
of an inch long, broadly ovate, acute, green, spreading, 
green with a golden-yellow midrib. Corolla bright golden- 
yellow, tube short, slender; lobes lanceolate, acuminate, 
spreading, about as long as the calyx-lobes. Stamens with 
dilated filaments and narrow linear mucronate anthers. 
btijle stout, green, not much overtopping the anthers, 
stigmatic-arms radiating, greenish. Capsules bursting 
between the ribs. — J. B. H. 

eJa%cd. fl ° Wer CUt ° PCn Vertical b- i 2 and 3 » back and front view of stamen :— both 


Tab. 6557. 
MELrANTHUS Tmhimaotb. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Sapindacej3. — Tribe MemanthEjE. 
Genus Melianthus, Linn.; {Bsnth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 411.) 

Meltanthtts (Diplerisma) Trimenianus ; £> >liolis linearibus loriformibaa margimbui 
revolntis integerrimis v. obtuse serratis subtus albo-villosis, stipulia suliulatiw, 
racerais erectis, floribus verticillatis coccineis, petal or a III unguibus ad com* 
missuras villosis ceterum glaberrirais, capsala glabra tetraptera. 

M. Trimenianus, Hook.f. in Trimen Jotirn. Hot. N.S. vol. ii. p. 353, t. 138. 

For a knowledge of this singular and beautiful plant I 
am indebted to Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.B., who, when 
Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, discovered it during 
a visit to Little Namaqua Land, a district bordering the 
Atlantic to the northward of the Cape Colony, from whence 
he sent to me dried specimens, together with a drawing by 
Lady Barkly, as a new species of Melianthus, with scarlet 
flowers. These specimens, together with ripe seeds from 
which the plants in the Royal Gardens are now growing, 
enabled me to describe the plant fully in Trimen's Botanical 
Journal cited above, where I took the opportunity of dis- 
cussing its affinity with the beautiful Qreyia Sutherland* 
(Tab. 6040) and strengthening my reasons for regarding 
both these anomalous genera as referable to the natural 
family of Sapindaeece. 

The seeds of M. Trimenianus germinated readily, but 
the plants kept in the conservatory at Kew made slow- 
progress compared with one which was sent to Mr. Ban- 
bury's garden at Mortola, near Mentone, on the Riviera, 
where it flowered for the first time and fruited in 1879, 
when the fruiting spike figured at 1? was kindly senl to me 
by Mr. Thomas Hanbury, through the post-office. In 
December, 1880, it again flowered at Mortola, and Mr. 
Hanbury sent me the fine raceme figured la-re; it 
flowered at Kew for the first time early in the same year, 
but very poorly in comparison. In its native country 
M. Trimenianus is an erect shrub, two or three feet high; 

HAT 1st, 1881. 

but in the Cape House at Kew it is trained against a rafter, 
exactly as the long-known M. m,ajor is in the Temperate 
House, and grows six or seven feet high. The smell of 
the foliage is even stronger than that of the last-named 
plant, and exactly like it. 

In giving the name of Trimenianus to this plant, I had 
the double pleasure of commemorating the services rendered 
to botany by Dr. Trimen, F.L.S., then the Editor of the 
Journal of Botany, and now Director of the Ceylon Botanical 
Gardens, it which it was first described ; and those rendered 
to entomology by his brother, Roland Trimen, F.L.S., of 
Cape Town, who accompanied Sir Henry Barkly in his 
tour in JSTamaqua Land, where this plant was discovered. 

Descr. A branching shrub. Leaves three to five inches 
long, shortly petioled, glabrous above, white-tomentose 
beneath, pinnate ; pinnules six to ten pair, opposite, linear 
or strap-shaped, coriaceous, often curved, obtuse or acute ; 
margins recurved, quite entire or obtusely coarsely serrate ; 
rachis winged, jointed at the insertion of the pinnules; 
margins of wings revolute, like those of the pinnules; 
stipules adnate at the base to the petiole, subulate. 
Racemes terminal, strict, erect, four to eight inches long ; 
peduncle and rachis stout, stiff; flowers -in whorls of four 
to six ; bracts one-third of an inch long and under, ovate, 
acuminate, deflexed, equalling the pedicels. Calyx two- 
thirds of an inch long, base oblique ; segments oblong, 
acuminate, deflexed after flowering, posterior lobe broad 
or concave, three-lobed, mid-lobe often produced, lateral 
slender ascending. Petals four, deciduous, clawed, lan- 
ceolate, decimate, acuminate, waved, scarlet ; claws fleshy, 
cohering by their woolly margins. Dish fleshy, horse-shoe 
shaped. Stamens four, persistent, didynamous, inserted 
within the disk, two posterior shorter, their filaments 
carinate below. Ovary oblong, four-celled ; style elongate, 
ascending; ovules four, two-seriate in each cell. Fruit 
throe-fourths of an inch in diameter, cruciately four- winged, 
wings reticulated, cells two- to four-seeded. Seeds very 
various in shape, pyriform or orbicular. 

Fig. A, flowering specimen; 1. vertical section of flower, of the natural size; 2, 
Uie isame, enlarged; 3, stamen, and 4, apex of styleand stigma, both much enlarged; 
5, fruit, eftke natural size. 



VmcentBroaks Day & SoT. tap 

I/Reeve I C° London 

Tar. 6558. 


Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Peoteace^:. — Tribe PBOTBKJB. 
Genus Pkotea, Linn.; (Bent/t. et HooJc. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 109.) 

Peotfa penicillata; fructicosa, robnsta, tota Lixe sericeo-pilosa deinum glabra, 
foliis sessilibus oblongis lineari-oblongis v. oblongo-lanceolatis glaqoesoentibufl 
obtusis v. acutis coriaceis obsolete venosis margin ibus late recurvis interdum 
subtortis, capitulo sessili magno turbinato v. late cylindraceo, involucri squamis 
numerosis erectis imbricatia obtusis sericeo-pilosis viridibus, infimis brevibus 
sequentibus sensim longioribus oblongis, intimis lineari-oblongis floras sub- 
sequantibus truncatis rotundatis v. apiculatis flavidis, perianthio sesquipollicari 
sericeo segmentis apice barbatis, stylo gracili reeto, stigmate obscuro. 

P. penicillata, E. Meyer in Plant. Drege ; Meissner in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. pars 
1, p. 235. 

P. Mundii, Xlotzsch in Ott. et Dietr. Gartenzeit, 1838, p. 113. 

P. longiflora, var. Mundii, Link, Kl. et Ott. Ic. PL Bar. vol. i. p. 55, t. 22. 

P. ovalis, BueJc in PI. Drege. 

The Cape Proteaece, the favourites of our grandfathers, 
maybe said to have "gone out of cultivation," so completely 
have they been replaced by other tribes of more or less 
deservedly popular, but neither more interesting nor more 
curious plants. Of Protea alone, twenty-three Cape species 
were cultivated in Kew at the date of the publication of the 
second edition of the " Hortus Kewensis " (1810), and 
twelve are figured in the Botanical Magazine, the last, P. 
grandiflora, Tab. 2447, in the year 1823. No less than 
twenty-three are figured in " Andrew's Botanical Reposi- 
tory," published between the years 1797 and 1804. This 
neglect of a whole genus of most conspicuous plants which 
forms a grand feature in the vegetation of one of England's 
greatest colonies, is not due to want of beauty, for some of 
the formerly cultivated species are amongst the handsomest 
of plants, whether for size, form, or colour of inflorescence ; 
and would carry away the first prize at any horticultural show. 
Such are — P. cordifolia (Tab. 649), with its scarlet bran. 
blue leaves, and gorgeous heads of ruby-coloured bracts ; 
P. lepidocarpa (Tab. 674), with leaves edged with red and 
jet-black velvetty in vomeral scales bordered with a silver 

MAT 1st, 1881. 

fringe ; P. cynaroides (Tab. 770), with golden-edged leaves 
and pink heads half a foot in diameter ; P. speciosa (Tab. 
1183), with silver-edged leaves, heads six inches long, and 
flesh-coloured bracts, with a border of black fringed with 
silver ; P. latifolia (Tab. 1717), with cordate leaves bordered 
with pink, and a crown of stamens three inches high and 
six in diameter, surrounded with spreading rose-coloured 
bracts four inches long and fringed with silver. Of these 
and many other such, the present and even the past gene- 
ration of horticulturalists know absolutely nothing ; this is 
mainly due to the introduction of those improved systems 
of heating houses and that incessant watering, that favours 
soft- wooded tropical plants, and is death to the Proteas of 
South Africa and the Banksias of Australia. Nevertheless, 
that these, and many others requiring like treatment, will 
be re-introduced, aud-will be the wonders of the shows of 
many successive seasons, is as certain as that they once 
were the glories of the old hot-air heated kilns, that our 
forefathers called stoves, in which Orchids quickly perished, 
and Banksias and Proteas throve magnificently. 

Protea penicillata is one of the least attractive of the 
whole genus, and is no encouragement to the cultivators of 
the tribe ; its singular appearance and rarity being its only 
recommendation. The plant here figured flowered in August, 
1880, and was raised from seed sent by Mr. MacOwan, late 
Principal of Gill College, Somerset East, an excellent 
botanist, to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for 
many valuable seeds and bulbs, as well as herbarium spe- 
cimens, and who has lately accepted the Directorship of 
the Botanical Gardens at Cape Town, which are to be 
established on a new footing. The seeds were collected on 
the Boschberg Mountains in Somerset East, at an elevation 
of 4000 feet, and the dried specimens, which correspond 
with the cultivated ones, differ from others gathered nearer 
Cape Town, in the longer styles, narrowed to the obscurely 
thickened stigma; the styles of most of Drege's original 
specimens of P. penicillata being shorter, with decidedly 
capitate stigmas. I find, however, no other difference, and 
this may be sexual. — J. D. H. 

Hf. 1, flower; 2, base of perianth and filament; 3, anther; -1, ovary cut open, 
showing the ovule -.-all enlarged. 

ABdelJtf FiuhLth 


■ve iC? London 

Tab. 6559. 


Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Oleace^e. — Tribe JASMLNEiE. 
Genus Jasminum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 274.) 

Jasminum gracillimum ; patenti-hirsutum, ramis elongatis gracillimis teretibus 
decurvis, foliis l-l^-pollicaribus oppositis breviter petiolatis ovato-cordatis 
acutis v. acuminatis subtus hirsutis, panieulis globosis densiiloris pendulis, 
flori bus breviter pedicillatis albis suaveolenti bus, corolla alba, tubo lobis caly- 
cinis filiformibus patentim pilosis subduplo longiore, limbi li poll, diauietr. 
lobis ad 9 elliptico-lanceolatis acutis. 

J. gracillimum, Book. f. in Oard. Chron. 1881, p. 9, cum le. Xylog. 

A very near ally of the well-known Jasminum pubescens 
of India and China, which is the type around which are to 
be ranged a good many closely- allied species, differing in 
habit, in the amount of pubescence, and in the size and 
number of flowers, and of the divisions of the corolla, all 
of them natives of Eastern Asia and its islands. Of these, 
/. gracillimum is one of the most distinct in its graceful 
habit and in the abundance of its large sweet-scented 
drooping flowers, which are also more copiously produced, 
m which respects I know of none to compare with it. It 
appears to be a small species ; the pot -plant exhibited by 
Messrs. Veitch at the .Royal Horticultural Society, and 
which was in full flower, was about three feet high, 
branched from the base, the long very slender branches 
springing from low down on the stem and curving over 
on all sides, weighted down by terminal globose panicles 
as large as the fist. 

J. gracillimum is a native of Northern Borneo, where it 
was discovered by Mr. Burbidge (the author of the charm- 
ing little work on that island, recently published under the 
title of " The Gardens of the Sun ") when collecting for 
Messrs. Veitch, with whom the plant flowered last December. 

may 1st, 1881. 

Desoe. A shrub ; branches many from the root, ascend- 
ing and recurved, very slender, spreading on all sides, and 
as well as the petioles and branches of the inflorescence, 
clothed with rather long spreading hairs. Leaves one to 
one and a half inches long, opposite, shortly petioled, 
ovate-cordate, acute or acuminate, hairy beneath, bright 
deep green. Heads of flowers globose, as large as the fist, 
dense. Flowers shortly pedicelled, white, one and a quarter 
inches in diameter, sweet-scented. Calyx teeth subulate, 
half as long as the corolla-tube. Corolla-tube two-thirds of 
an inch long; lobes about nine, elliptic-lanceolate, acute. 
—J. D. II. r 

Fig. 1, flower cut longitudinally; 2, calyx; 3, stamen; 4, stamens and lip ol 
style and stigma ; 5, stigma : — all hut figs. 1 and 2 enlarged. 


AM. de^" | 


-L Reeve 4 C? London. 

Tab. 6560. 
POTENTILLA (Ivesia) unghioulata. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Potentclle.'E. 
Genus Potentilla, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. G-en. PI. vol. i. p. 620.) 

Potentilla (Ivesia) unguiculata ; sericeo-villosa, caule gracili sparse folioso 
superne paniculatira ramoso, foliis radicalibus anguste lineari-elongafcis ob folia 
imbricata cylindraceis, foliis sessilibus 3-foliolatis, foliolis elliptico-laneeotitis 
acutis integerrimis, floribus laxe paniculatis, calycis tubo campanulato lobis 
ovatis acuminatis, petalis orbiculatis calyce paulo lon<;ioribus albis ungue sub- 
elongata, staminibus 2-seriatis numerosis, filameutis filiformibus, carpellis 
3-8 glabris, stylo gracili. 

Ivesia unguiculata, Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. vii. p. 339 ; S. Watson, I. c. 
418, et in Bot. Calif, vol, i. p. 183. 

A yeiy delicate silvery plant, with pearly- white flowers, 
a native of the famous Yosemite Valley in California, 
where it grows in meadows at an elevation of 8000 feet 
above the sea-level. In a young state and in dry weather 
it forms a really charming herbaceous border- or rock-plant, 
but when dashed by the rains of an English summer (an 
ordeal it is not exposed to in its native country), it presents 
a miserable and draggled appearance, its beautiful leaves 
being sometimes beaten down and almost buried in the 
soil. It belongs to a section of Potentilla which has been 
erected into a geirus under the name of Ivesia, consisting 
of nearly a dozen species, natives of the mountains of 
Western North America, with usually small imbricating 
leaflets that give the leaf more or less of a cylindrical 
form ; this character, combined with others appertaining 
to the first discovered species, appeared to suffice to 
establish the genus as distinct from Potentilla and Horkelia. 
Subsequent discoveries, however, have invalidated the 
claims of Ivesia, and it was reduced to Potentilla in the 
" Genera Plantarum," respecting which view Dr. Gray says 
under Horkelia Bolanderi (Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. vii. 

may 1st, 1881. 

p. 338) : " This and the following {Ivesia tridentata) are 
among the species which go far to justify the views of 
Bentham and Hooker, and now also of Engelmann, who 
would combine Horkelia and Ivesia with Potentilla. I am 
reluctant to adopt this conclusion." I have only to add 
that, since the publication of the " Genera Plantarum," I 
have seen two species of Ivesia living in Western N. America, 
together with the one here figured at Kew, and have recon- 
sidered the question of its generic validity after studying 
the rich Himalayan collections of Potentilla, and that my 
opinion is confirmed as to the impossibility of maintaining it. 

/. unguiculata was raised from seed sent by Dr. Gray, and 
flowered in July last. 

Descr. Clothed with soft-shining silky hairs. Stem a 
span to a foot high, sparsely leafy, very slender, panicu- 
lately branched above. Radical leaves four to eight inches 
long, petioled, narrowly linear in outline, not half an inch 
in diameter, flexuous, appearing cylindrical from the closely- 
packed leaves, which are sessile, and consist of three sessile 
elliptic-lanceolate acute leaflets, of which the middle or 
longest is about a quarter of an inch long ; rachis and 
petiole very slender, cauline leaves more sessile, with more 
scattered leaflets; stipules lanceolate. Flowers half an 
inch in diameter, pearly-white, in open panicles with 
slender spreading branches peduncles and pedicels ; bracts 
at the lower forks leafy, at the upper ovate-lanceolate. 
Lalyx-tube narrowly campanulate ; lobes ovate, acute, 
spreading and reflexed. Petals rather longer than the 
calyx-lobes, rounded, with rather long narrow claws. 
btamens on the throat of the calyx-tube, numerous, in two 
series nlaments filiform; anthers minute. Carpels three 
to eight, minute, glabrous ; style filiform.— J. D. H. 

~a\tilhirgecL' fl0WM ; 3 ' tU Same Cut verticaI1 J i 4 » stamen ; 5, ovary and style : 


,. ft 


Tab. 6561. 
CLERODENDRON trichotomum. 
Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Veebenace^:. — Tribe ViticejE. 
Genus Cleeodendbon, Linn. : (Bentk. et Hooh.f, Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1155.) 

Clebodendron trichotomum; fruticosum, glabrum, pubescens v. subtomentosum, 
ramis cylindraceis crassiusculis, foliis aiuplis oppositis longe petiolatis basi 
triplinerviis opacis integerrimis v. margine obtuse subserratis inferioribus 
magnis trilobis superioribus lato ovatis v. rotundato-ovatis longe acuminati*, 
cymis terminalibus et axillaribus trichotomis laxifloris longe pedunculatis 
pubescentibu.«, pedunculis pedicellisque gracilibus, bracteis minutis v. obsoletis, 
calycibus ovoideis inflatis 5-gonis rubrofuscis acute 5-fidis, corollffi albse tubo 
gracili lobis requalibus oblongo-ovatis obtusis, anthctis longe exsertis. 

C. trichotomum, Thunh. Fl. Japon. p. 256 ; Schauer in DC. Prodr. vol. xi. p. 6G8 ; 
Kcempf, AmcBn. p. 827, t. 22. 

A native of Japan, of which I have seen specimens also 
from the Loochoo Island, Formosa, and China, at Ainoy 
and Shanghai, though whether it is a native of the latter 
countries may be doubted. That it. is indigenous in Japan 
can, 1 think, hardly admit of a question, for it seems to be 
found from Hakodadi to Yokohama, and it was described 
by Ka3mpfer and Thunberg, the latter of whom states that 
the wood of the branches is inhabited by a larva which is 
used as a vermifuge for children. 

Clerodendron trichotomum was introduced into this 
country some years ago, and has proved hitherto quite 
hardy, flowering copiously in September, when it has a 
very handsome appearance, but whether it has stood the 
unusual severity of this present winter remains to be Been; 
its foliage is early cut by autumnal frosts, and it has not 
fruited at Kew. In native specimens the corolla-tube is 
always exserted, sometimes twice as long as the calyx, and 
slightly curved, but in the Kew specimens it is not exserted 
for more than a quarter of an inch. The whole plant has 
Jtwe 1st, 1881. 

when bruised a peculiar heavy smell, which Thunberg 
likens to the poisonous odour of Mandragora. 

Desce. A shrub six to ten feet high, sometimes a small 
tree; glabrous pubescent or almost tomentose ; branches 
round, smooth, soft ; rather stout. Leaves soft and flaccid, 
the lower very large and trifid, the upper broadly ovate 
or orbicular-ovate, rarely cordate, long- acuminate, triple- 
nerved at the base which is more or less suddenly con- 
tracted into the petiole, margins quite entire or obscurely 
undulate (I have not seen them in the native or cultivated 
state so serrate as they are in the plant cultivated at Kew) ; 
petiole one and a half to three inches long, slender, terete. 
Cymes numerous, axillary and terminal, long-pecluncled, 
much trichotomously branched, suberect and drooping; 
branches spreading and pedicels very slender; bracts small, 
caducous. Calyx half an inch long, ellipsoid or ovoid, 
five-angled, acutely five-lobed above the middle, red-brown. 
Corolla white ; tube more or less exserted, very slender, 
sometimes twice as long as the calyx, slightly curved ; limb 
nearly one inch in diameter, segments nearly equal, elliptic, 
obtuse or subacute, horizontally spreading. Stamens with 
the filaments longer than the corolla; anthers oblong. 
Style very slender. Fruit four-lobed, included in the some- 
what enlarged calyx. — /. D. H. 

Pig. 1 fl, weir cut open longitudinally ; 2, anthers ; 3, stigma ; 4, section of ovary 
(ill enlarged. & 





Tab. G562. 

Native of Mexico. 


Genus Hymenocallis, Herb.; (Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. GGi.) 

Hymenocallis Harrisiana ; bulbo parvo globnso tunicis brnnneis menibranaeeis, 
foliis 3-5 synanthiis oblanceolatis subacutis glabris subpedabbus e medio ad 
basin sensiin angustatis, sonpo subaneipiti subglauco foliis breviore, urabellw 
2-3-fioris, spathse valvis lanceolatis, ovavio oblongo-trigono sessili lociilis biovn- 
latis, perianthii tubo cylindrico 3-5-pollicari, limbi segmentis linearibus fcubo 
brevioribus, coronre parvae infundibularis marginedentibus parvis interfltamineia 
pradito, starainibus limbo brevioribus, antberis magnis linearibus lutein, 
stigmate capitato. 

II. Harrisiana, Herb'ert in But. Re<j. vol. xxvi. (1840), Misc. p. 35 j Kunth Enum. 
vol. v. p. 672. 

This is a very distinct species of Hymenocallis, remark- 
able for its dwarf habit, few-flowered umbels, and leaves 
not truly petioled, as in IT. speciosa and H. guianensis, but 
narrowed gradually from the middle to the base. It was 
originally described by Dean Herbert from specimens im- 
ported from Mexico about the year 1840 by T. Harris, 
Esq., of Kingsbury, after whom it was named. It was 
never figured, and appears to have been soon lost from 
cultivation, but Herbert's description is so full and clear, 
that when we received specimens at Kew in the summer of 
1879, almost simultaneously from Colonel Trevor Clarke 
and Mr. Elwes, there was no difficulty in identifying it. 
A plant which has been distributed under the garden name 
of Hymenocallis uniflora is clearly a mere form of tlie same 

Desce. Bulb globose, an inch and a half in diameter, 
with brown membranous tunics. Leaver, throe to five From 
a bulb, contemporary with the flowers, oblanceolate, bright 
green, glabrous, subacute, a foot long, one and a half or 
two inches broad two-thirds of the way up, narrowed 
JUNE 1st, 1881. 

gradually from the middle to the base. Scape eight or 
nine inches long, slightly ancipitous and slightly glaucous. 
Flowers usually two or three to an umbel, quite sessile, white, 
not distinctly fragrant ; spathe-valves lanceolate, scariose. 
Ovary oblong-trigonous, half an inch long, with two ovules 
in each cell. Perianth-tube cylindrical, varying from three 
to five inches in length, greenish in the lower part, white 
upwards ; segments of the perianth-limb linear, under 
three inches in length. Corona funnel-shape, from half to 
three-quarters of an inch long, and about the same in 
diameter at the throat, where it is furnished with a single 
small tooth between each of the filaments. Stamens about 
an inch shorter than the segments of the perianth-limb; 
anthers linear, versatile, bright yellow, half or three- 
quarters of an inch long. Style in our specimens not 
nearly reaching up to the anthers, but described by Herbert 
as overtopping them ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, a couple of stamens, life size ; 2, stigma, enlarged. 


MS del.J.N.Fildi,L l th 

Vmc«nt Brooks Day & Son Imp 

■ Reeve tO? .London 

Tar. 65G3. 
Native of Mid. and S. Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Hypebicine;e.— Tribe Hypeeice.t.. 
Genus Hypeeicuit, Linn.; {Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 165.) 

IIypebicum (Coridia) Coris ; glabrum, ramis e caule sufFrutescentebmnili numcro- 
sissimis gracilibus simpliciusculis erectis v. ascendentibus teivtibus, f'oliis 
sub-vertioillatim fasciculatis linearibus obtusis inarginibus revolutis, paoicnla 
terminali verticillatiin ramosa, ramis apices versus floriferis, Bepalitt lineari- 
oblongis obtusis fructu erectis, inarginibus glandulosis non imbricatis, petalis 
oblique ovato-oblongis obtusis eglandulosis, staminibus triadelpltis, stvlis 3, 
capsula septicida trivalvi. 

H. Coris, Linn. Sj>. PL n. 1107 ; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 553, excl.citat. et St/non.; 
Reichb. Ic. Pi. Germ. vol. vi. t. 351. 

In a very early volume of the Botanical Magazine, 
published in 1792 (and in other works), a plant is figured 
(Tab. 178) under the name of Hypericum Coris, which has 
been rightly distinguished by Willdenow and all subsequent 
authorities as a different species from the Linnoean plant of 
that name, and called H. empetrifolium. This and the 
fact that the two plants are frequently confounded in 
gardens, both being now commonly cultivated, renders it 
very necessary that a good figure of the true H. Coris 
should appear in this Magazine, to a place in which work 
its beauty fully entitles it. 

The differences between these plants consists in H. em- 
petrifolium. being a more shrubby, though not a bigger 
plant, with very short sepals which are spreading in fruit, 
and in having broader and less oblique petals. _ They have 
further, a very different geographical distribution, H. Cons 
being dispersed from the South of France to the Tyrol and 
occurring in many parts of Italy, whereas 11. empemfohum 
is confined to the Grecian Archipelago and neighbouring 
shores of Greece and Asia Minor. With regard to the fact 
that the Crimea is assigned to H. empetrifolium m this 

JFNE 1st, 1881. 

Magazine (II. Coris, Tab. 178), it is unquestionably an 
error, as neither of the two species extends into the Russian 
dominions. The late Mr. Lee, who is the authority for 
this statement, probably received the seeds from some 
voyager who, on returning from the Crimea, had collected 
them in the Greek islands. 

The true H. Coris was introduced into England as early 
as 1640, and is figured in Parkinson's Theatrum; for the 
specimen here figured I am indebted to G. C. Joad, Esq., 
F.L.S., of Wimbledon Park, the possessor of one of the 
richest and most accurately named collections of herbaceous 
plants in Britain. 

Descr. Stem woody and rooting below, sending up very 
many erect or ascending cylindric subsimple glabrous 
slender branches six to eight inches high. Leaves about 
one inch long, in spreading subwhorled fascicles of four to 
six, spreading, narrowly linear, obtuse, with margins quite 
entire and revolute, sometimes to the midrib. Inflorescence 
terminal, of spreading whorled branches one to two inches 
long; bracts at the base of the branches linear, margins 
glandular. Flowers three to five towards the ends of the 
branches, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, golden- 
yellow, on short slender eglandular pedicels. Sepals one- 
sixth to one-quarter of an inch long, linear-oblong, obtuse, 
fringed with black glands, erect in fruit. Petals three 
times as long as the sepals, obliquely oblong, eglandular. 
Stamens in three fascicles. Styles three. Capsule three- 
celled. Seeds linear-oblong. — J. D. H. 

Kg. 1. bract; 2, bud; 3, petal; 4, bundle of stamens; 5, pistil ; G, transverse 
s-ction of ovary ; 7, fruiting branch ; 8, petal of JV. empetrifolium ; 9, bud of the 
s.une : — all more or less enlarged. 



.VC° London 

Tab. 0564. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. ValeeianEjE. 
Genus Nabdostachys, DC; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 153.) 

Nabdostachys Jatamansi ; subscapigera, glabra v. superne pubescens, foliis raJi- 
calibus elongalia elliptico- v. spatbulato-lanceolatis aeutis in petiolum brevem v. 
elongatum angustatis, seapis gracilibus siuiplicibus medio bifoliatis, cymis densi- 
floris ad apicem scapi in paniculam 3-cbotome ramosarn dispositis, bracteis liberis, 
floribus pallide reseo-purpureis sessilibus, calycis pubescentis lobis ovatis lusi 
connatis ciliatia, corollas oblique tubo cylindraceo basiextus gibbo intus seriueo, 
lobis brevibus rotundatis, filamentis gracilibus ciliatis, antheris inclusis, 1'ructu 
compresso 1-spermo calycis lobis auctis membranaceis reticulatis coionato. 

N. Jatamansi, DC. Mem. Valer. p. 7, I. 1; Prodr. yoL iv. p. 624; Boyle III. PL 
Himal. pp. 242, 244., t. 54 ; Fr. Nees Ic. Plant. Med. lasc. iii. t. 4; Clarke 
in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 211. 

N. grandiflora, DC Mem. Valer.?. 8,t.-2; Prodr. vol. iv. p. 624; Wall. PL As. 
Par. vol. iii. p. 40. 

Patrinia Jatamansi, Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 159. 

Valeriana Jatamansi, Wall. Cat. 431, not of Jones in As. Pes.; Don in Lamb. 
III. Cinch, p. 180, cum ic. 

Nabdus indica, Bauh. Hist. vol. iii. 2, p. 202. 

Fedia grandiflora, Wall. Cat. n. 1187. 

The interesting plant here figured is unquestionably one 
of the Spikenards of the ancients, the history and identifi- 
cation of which have been much complicated by the long 
prevalent opinion that the word Spikenard referred to but 
one vegetable substance, and by the fact that Sir William 
Jones in his learned essay on the present plant was misled 
into referring its root to the foliage, &c, of a very different 
plant, which proved to be a species of Valeriana. 

Royle, who has summed up the history of the Spikenard 
of India with his usual care and learning, observes that 
Dioscorides described four kinds of Nard, the Syrian, the 
Indian (also called Gangites, from the river near which is 
the mountain which produces it), the Celtic, and the 
mountain Nard; and that a reference to the old Arabic 
and Persian works on the subject shows that the Spikenard 
or Narden is synonymous with Sumbul, of which four 
kinds are described, and that of these four the Sumbul- 
hindee is the Himalayan Nardostachys, being the Sunlml- 
ool-teeb, or fragrant Nard of the Arabs, the Warden of the 

Jvxe 1st, 1881. 

Greeks, the Nardoom of the Latins, the Balcher of the 
Hindoos, and the Jatamansi in Sanscrit. 

Nardostachys Jatamansi abounds in the loftier regions of 
the whole Central and Eastern Himalaya, extending from 
Kumaon to Bhotan, at elevations of 11,000 to 17,000 feet, 
inhabiting stony places, and varying in stature and amount 
of odour according to the elevation, specimens from low 
levels attaining twenty-eight inches in height, with larger 
leaves and flowers and faintly-scented rhizomes, whilst the 
more Alpine forms are dwarf, more slender, smaller 
flowered, with very strongly- scented rhizomes. The odour 
of the plant is heavy, but not wholly disagreeable, and 
though, like similar semifcetid drugs, highly appreciated by 
Orientals, it could never find favour amongst the "Western 
nations of Europe. The rhizomes are collected in abun- 
dance by the natives of the hills, and used throughout the 
East in a dried state in unguents and as a drug ; no 
allusion, is, however, made to it in Drury's " Useful Plants 
of India." 

The species here figured flowered in the Herbaceous 
Ground of the Royal Garden in September, 1878, for the 
first time in Europe, I believe. 

Desce. Root fusiform, inclined, terminating upwards in 
a simple or forked ascending stock one to three inches 
long, densely clothed with the black fibrous remains of the 
old petioles. Leaves tufted, two to four inches long, rarely 
longer, elliptic-lanceolate or spathulate, acute, nerves 
obscure, narrowed into a long or short petiole. Scape four 
to ten inches high, with one pair of small sessile leaves 
about the middle. Flowers a quarter of an inch broad, in 
dense small heads, which are arranged in a trichotomously- 
branched terminal panicle. Calyx pubescent ; lobes ovate, 
connate at the bases, acute, enlarged and reticulate in fruit. 
Corolla pale rose-purple, one-third of an inch long, cylindric, 
gibbous at the base and contracted into a very short narrow 
tube; lobes rounded, dorsal larger. Filaments hairy. Style 
filiform; stigma simple. Fruit compressed, one-seeded, 
three-celled.— J. D. II. 

lug. 1, , Bract, calyx, and style ; 2, corolla; 3, the same laid open; 4, stamen; 5, 
ovary laid open; b\ ovary cut transversely ; 7, fruit; 8, empty cells of ditto; 0, 
section of fruit showing the seed ; 10, 11, and 12, seed; 13, embryo ; 14, transverse 
section of ditto :— all enlarged. 

PI. 6565 


L Reeve & C? London 

Tab. 6565. 


Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace^:. — Tribe Billbeegie.e. 

Genus .Echmea, Ruiz et Pawn; (Baker in Trimen Journ. Bot. N.S. vol. viii. 

p. 129.) 

^Echmea (Pothuava) Lindeni ; acaulis, csespitosa, foliis circiter 20 loratis rigidis 
erectis 2-3-pedalibus apice rotundatis minute cuspidatis facie viridibiis canali- 
culars dorso obscure lepidotis et lineatis marline aculeis minutis deltoideis 
ascendentibus armatis, pedunculo subpedali foliis pluribus parvis lanceolatis 
scariosis adpressis superioribus rubellis praedito, floribus multis in spicam 
densam oblongam simplicem aggregatis, bracteis membranaceis rubns mferi- 
oribus lanceolatis acutis calvce jequilongis, ovario oblongo luteo g abro, sepahs 
deltoideo-orbicularibus imbrieatis distmcte oblique cuspidatis, petahs hngulatis 
citrinis sepalis duplo longioribus basi appendicular, genitahbus inclusis. 

M. (Pothuava) Lindeni, Baker in Trimen Journ. N.S. vol. viii. (1879) p. 233. 

Hoplophytum Lindeni, E. Morren. in Belg. Hort. vol. xv. (1865) p. 164 . ; ; vol. 
xxiii. (1873) p. 81, t. 5 ; K. Koch in Wochenschrift, vol. vin. (1865) p. 398. 

Next to Billbergia, JEchmea may fairly be considered the 
most effective genus of Bromeliads for decorative purposes. 
Of late years our knowledge of it has rapidly increased, 
and several fine new species have been brought into 
cultivation. Taking the genus in a broad sense, so as to 
include Hoplophytum, Echinostachys, Pothuava, and Canis- 
trum, as it is treated in my monograph in the Journal of 
Botany above cited, we know now not less than sixty 
species, so that next to Tlllandsia it is the largest genus m 
the Natural Order. The present plant was distributed by 
Linden in 1865, and was received by him from M. Libon, 
who discovered it in the province of Santa Catherma m 
South Brazil. Our drawing was made from a plant 
presented to the Kew collection by Mr. J. T. Peacock, 
which flowered in the palm-stove in March, 1879. It is a 
near ally of the plant figured by Gaudichaud (Atlas JJomte, 
Tab. 117) under the name of Pothuava spicata, which 1 

JUNE 1st, 1881. 

take to be merely a variety of the widely-diffused JEchmea 
nudicaulis of Grisebach, the Bromelia nudicaulis of Linnaeus. 
Desce. Tufts sessile, crowded. Leaves about twenty in 
a rosette, lorate, rigid in texture, erect, two or three feet 
long, three inches broad at the dilated base, one and a half 
or two inches at the middle, rounded with a small cusp at 
the apex, green and glabrous on the channelled face, 
obscurely lepidote and lineate on the back, the edge 
bordered by minute ascending horny teeth. Peduncle 
about a foot long, with several small ascending lanceolate, 
adpressed scariose leaves, the upper tinted red. Flowers 
numerous, tightly packed in a dense simple oblong spike 
two or three inches long ; bracts one to each flower, bright 
red, membranous in texture, the lower ones lanceolate 
acute, as long as the calyx, the upper ones shorter and 
obtuse, with a cusp. Calyx not more than half an inch 
long including the ovary/which is oblong, glabrous, and 
bright orange-yellow; sepals orbicular-deltoid, horny, im- 
bricated, with a large oblique cusp. Petals Ungulate, 
obtuse, lemon-yellow, twice as long as the sepals, scaled 
inside at the base. Stamens included ; filaments and 
anthers both linear, lemon-yellow, the latter dorsifixed and 
erect. Ovary many in a cell, central, horizontal; style 
filiform ; stigmas linear, spirally twisted.—/. G. Baker. 

Fig- 1 the whole plant, reduced ; 2, a sepal, enlarged; 3, a complete flower, 
with its bract, natural size; 4, a petal, with the stamen attached to it; 5, one of 
the basal scales of the petal; 6, two views of an anther; 7, stigmas ; 8, horizontal 
section of ovary ; 9, an ovule :— all more or less enlarged. 

VbcentBroola I 

- Reeve *X° London 

Tab. 6566. 

Native of India. 

Nat. Orel. CoNVOLVULACEiE. — Tribe CrjscuTEiE. 
Genus Cuscuta, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 881.) 

Cuscuta (Callianche) reflexa; caule funiculari laevi v. verrucoso, floribus capitatis 
v. laxe raeemosis, calycis tubo ssepe verrucoso brevi, lobis brevibus rotumlatis, 
corollse tubo cylindraceo calyce duplo longiore, lobis 5 brevibus patenti-reflexis, 
squamis ad basin fere corollse insertis oblongis v. obovato-oblongis incurvis dense 
fimbriato-marginatis, staminibus ore corollas insertis filamentis brevissiinis 
antheris breviter oblongis, ovario ovoideo-globoso, stylo brevi, stigmatibus 
oblongo-clavatis, capsula circumscissa 4-sperma, septis tenuissimis, seminibus 

C. reflexa, Boxb. Cor. Plant. 1. 104 ; Fl. Tnd. vol. i. p. 446 ; Choisy in DC. Prodr. 
vol. ix. p. 454 ; Engelmann in Trans. Acad. Sn. St. Louis, vol. i. p. 518. 

C. reflexa var. verrucosa, Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 150. 

C. grandiflora, Wall. Cat. n. 1318. 

C. macrantha, G. Don Gen. Syst. vol. iv. p. 305 ; DC. I. c. 455. 

C. megalantha, Steud. Nomencl. 

0. elatior, Choisy Monugr, Cuseut. 

C. verrucosa, Stceet Brit. Fl. Gard. t. 6. 

Though seldom seen in cultivation, this curious plant 
was first introduced into England in 1823, when it was 
raised in Colvill's then celebrated Nursery, from seeds sent 
from the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, and figured in Sweet's 
British Flower Garden as Cuscuta verrucosa. In the follow- 
ing year it flowered in the Edinburgh Botanical Garden, 
from seeds sent from the Madras Presidency, arid was 
figured and described in the Flora Exotica under its 
proper specific name. It is a -very common Eastern 
Asiatic plant, occurring in China, Japan, and throughout 
the Peninsula and the Gangetic valley, in Ceylon and the 
whole length of the Himalayas, ascending to 9000 feet in 
Sikkim, attaching itself to a great many different plants, 
and varying much in the stoutness of the stem, the most 

ju>-e 1st, 1881. 

slender forms inhabiting the lower levels. On the banks 
of the river Soane in Bengal I have seen it clothing small 
trees with a beautiful web of golden cords studded with 
white sweet-scented flowers. 

C. reflexa is very easily cultivated. Sweet points out 
that the more juicy the plant is to which it attaches itself, 
the stronger it grows, and says that the strong-growing 
species of Pelargonium suit it admirably. He adds that a 
plant raised in spring began flowering in September, and 
soon became entirely covered with flowers of a most 
delightful fragrance, somewhat resembling a mixture of 
cowslips and violets ; and that a plant which had taken 
hold of the ivy by Mr. Colvill's shop soon covered a great 
part of it, where it continued in flower till the very severe 
frosts, and ripened its seeds. 

I am indebted for the specimen figured here to Mr. 
Lynch, of the Cambridge Botanical Gardens, whose success 
has been identical with that of his predecessor sixty years 
ago. He finds it to flourish on Pelargoniums, and in 
contact with a bed of tree-ivies, it formed a mass twenty- 
three feet long and twelve broad, which was all killed by 
six degrees of frost. 

Desce. Stem as thick as whipcord or less, whitish or 
yellow, smooth or warted. Flowers in clusters on short 
lax racemes, a quarter of an inch long, nearly white, very 
sweet-scented. Calyx short, hemispheric, lobes rounded. 
Corolla much longer than the calyx ; tube cylindric ; lobes 
broadly ovate, spreading and recurved. Scales near the 
base of the corolla-tube obovate-spathulate, incurved, 
tomentose and with a dense fringe of curled hairs. Stamens 
at the mouth of the corolla, filaments very short ; anthers 
small, oblong. Ovary nearly globose ; style very short ; 
stigmas two, subcylindric. Capsule circimsciss. — /. D- H- 

Kg. 1, flower cut through longitudinally; 2, corolla laid open; 3, scale; 4, 
stamen ; 5, stigmas; 6, transverse section of ovary ; 7, immature seed :— all 


U Nl'i'cli.l.ilK 

1 la\ i.Stm .'in 


Tab. 6567. 


Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Tribe Dbndrobie.e. 
Genus Bolbophylluji, Thouars ; {Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 47.) 

Bolbophyllum Beccarii; giganteum, rhizomate crassissimo repente alte soandente, 
pseudobulbis pro planta parvis obovoideo-globosis, foliis pseudobulbo solitariis 
maximis ovato-orbiculatis obtusis v. subacutis basi contracts et cum pseudo- 
bulbo articulatis crasse coriaceis pallide viridibus, pedunculo a basi pseoaobolbi 
brevi crasso decurvo vaginis late triangulari-ovatis acutis inllatis imbricatis 
purpureo vittatis vestito, racemo ovoideo-cordiformi dependente incurvo 
densissime multifloro fetidissimo, bracteis lanceolatis acuminatis rubro striata 
flores sequantibus, floribus pro planta parvis, ovario gracili, periantbio ringente, 
sepalis ovatis subacutis revolutis purpureo reticulatis, petalis lanceolatis acumi- 
natis pallide lilacinis vitta media purpurea, labello breviter stipitato ovato- 
lanceolato obtuso recurvo disco 3-costato, columna obtusa antice utrinque minute 

B. Beccarii, Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1879, vol. i. p. 41 ; 1880, vol. ii. p. 326,525. 

This is in many respects one of the most gigantic of 
Orchids ; I know of none with so stout a rhizome, so large 
a leaf, or such massive inflorescence. On the other hand, 
specimens of various species of Vanilla are far more bulky; 
and I have been credibly informed of a single plant of Van tin 
teres in Birma being a sufficient load for an elephant ! In 
one character B. Beccarii transcends all other Orchids, if not 
all other vegetables, and that is in thefoetor of its flowers, 
which is loathsome beyond description ; of the same nature 
as that of Amorphophallus and of other Aroids (that of 
putrid fish), but more widely diffused, penetrating, and 
enduring. Although the drawing here given was executed 
in an airy room, close to a large open window, the artist 
was repeatedly overpowered by it, and finally made for a 
time really ill. 

This most singular plant was discovered, in 185:}, by 
Thomas Lobb, when collecting for Messrs. Veitch, in the 

JULY 1st, 1881. 

Island of Borneo, and leaves collected by him are preserved 
in the Lindley Herbarium of Orchids, now at Kew ; but it 
was the celebrated traveller and botanist, Odoardo Beccari, 
who first obtained flowering specimens, which led to the 
determination of its genus, and to its being described by 
Reichenbach. It is singular that the Malayan Islands should 
present three of the largest flowered and most foetid plants 
in the world — this, the Bafflaria of Sumatra, and the 
wonderful Amorphophalhis Titanum, discovered in this last- 
named island by M. Beccari. 

The specimen here figured was kindly communicated, in 
August of last year, by Messrs. E. G. Henderson and Sons, 
who were the first to flower it in Europe. 

Descr. Bhizome as thick as the thumb, winding round 
the trunks of trees, to which it adheres by numerous root- 
fibres from its under surface, smooth, cylindric, green. 
Pseudobulbs rather distant, sessile, two inches in diameter 
and upwards, nearly globose, but contracted at the base, 
smooth, green. Leaves solitary and jointed on the pseudo- 
bulbs, one to two feet long, by three-quarters to one and a 
half broad, recurved, subacute, abruptly narrowed at the 
concave base, thickly coriaceous ; nerves many, parallel. 
Peduncle from the base of the pseudobulb, short, decurved, 
thickly clothed with imbricating broadly ovate acute in- 
flated sheaths of a dull purple colour streaked with red. 
Raceme six inches long and upwards, by three to three and 
a half in diameter, pendulous, elongate ovoid with an 
obtuse incurved tip, most dense-flowered and foetid; bracts 
about equalling the flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, pale 
lilac striped with red. Flowers one-third of an inch in 
diameter. Ovary slender. Sepal 8 ovate-oblong, revolute, 
ochreous, with red reticulations. Petals lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, dull ochreous with a central red band. Lip shortly 
stipitate, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, recurved, yellow with 
red ribs on the disk. Column short, obtuse, with two short 
teeth in front at the tip.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower seen in front; 2, the same in profile; 3, column and lip ; 4, lip; 
5, column ; 6, pollen :— all enlarged. 



Reeve S ;" : London 

Tab. 6568. 
GEUM elatum. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Potentilleje. 
Genus Geum, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 619.) 

Geum (Sieversia) elatum ; herba sparse patentim pilosa, foliis radicalibus breviter 
petiolatis angustis a basi ad apicem rotundatam sensim dilatatis interrupte 
pinnatisectis, segmentis sessilibus rotundatis oblongo-rotundatisve crenatim 
sectis alternis 1-3 minoribus interdum minutis terminalibus confluentibus, foliis 
caulinis minoribus basi late stipulatis stipulis adnatis vane sectis, caule gracile 
parce ramoso, floribus longe pedunculitis erectis flavis, calycis lobis ovato- 
lanceolatis v. deltoideis integerrimis v. dentatis, petalis orbicularibus apice 
rotundatis v. emarginato-2-lobis, acbeniis sericeo-villosis, stylo elongato glabro 
recto v. apicem versus curvo. 

G. elatum, Wall. Cat. n. 711 ; Hook.f. Ft. Brit. Lid. vol. ii. p. 343. 

Sieveesia elata, Boyle III. Him. PL p. 207, t. 39. 

This belongs to a small section of Geum, separated from 
it by Willdenow as the genus Sieversia, the species of which 
differ from their congeners in the style, which elongates as 
the achene ripens, but does not become suddenly bent or 
twisted above the middle ; as, however, all its other cha- 
racters are those of Geum, which the species altogether 
resemble in habit, I have reduced Sieversia to a section of 
that genus. It includes about a dozen species, natives of 
mountainous districts in Europe, northern Asia, and N. 
America, where one, &. Uossii, is a native of high arctic 
regions. Two are figured in this work — G. triflorum (Tab. 
2858) and G. PecJcii (Tab. 2863), both North American 
plants. Geum elatum inhabits the whole length of the 
Himalaya. In its typical form, as figured here, it ranges 
from Kashmir to Kumaon, at elevations of 9000 to 12,000 
feet; further eastwards, in Nipal and Sikkim, it is replaced 
by a subalpine form, var. liumile, Royle (Geum adnatum, 
Wall.), a small plant, with usually a one-flowered scape, 
which inhabits elevations of 12,000 to 15,000 feet. 

JULY 1st, 1881. 

The specimen figured was raised from seeds sent by Mr. 
Ellis, of the Forest Department of India, and flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in the open border in July, 1880. 

Descr. Whole plant laxly hairy, one to two feet high. 
Rootstoch woody, cylindric, inclined. Radical leaves six to 
twelve inches long by one and a half to two and a half 
broad, subsessile, narrow, gradually dilated from the base 
to the rounded tip, pinnatisect ; segments very many and 
unequal, the larger pairs having one to three pairs of very 
unequal smaller ones between them ; large segments orbi- 
cular-oblong, deeply irregularly crenate, base rounded or 
cordate, the uppermost confluent and more oblong. Stem 
very slender, twice or more forked, rarely simple ; cauline 
leaves small, with larger adnate cut stipules. Flowers erect, 
one and a half inch in diameter and under ; peduncle long, 
slender, naked or with one or two erect laciniate bracts. 
Calyx-lobes ovate-deltoid or lanceolate, entire or toothed ; 
bracteoles lanceolate. Petals orbicular, sometimes notched 
or two-lobed, golden-yellow. Stamens very short, glabrous. 
Ovaries numerous, villous J styles short, straight, elongating 
in fruit. Achenes narrowly ellipsoid, acute at both ends, 
compressed, villous; style filiform, glabrous, straight or 
curved towards the tip. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen- ; 2, ovaries -.—both eular.ed. 



L Ree\ e 

Tab. 6569. 
KNIPHOFIA comosa. 

Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. LiliacejE. — Tribe Hemebocallideje. 
Genus Kniphofia, Motnch. ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 360.) 

Kniphofia comosa ; rhizomate brevi crasso, fibris radicalibus copiosis cylindricis, 
foliis linearibus subtriquetris viridibus acuminatis, floribus cernuis in racemum 
densum oblongum aggregates, pedicellis brevissimis, bracteis lanceolatis pedicello 
3-4-plo superantibus, perianthii lutei infundibularis sernipollicaris tubo supra 
ovarium constricto segmentis deltoideis, genitalibus perianthio subduplo 
longioribus, racemo fructifero elongato cylindrico pedicellis ascendentibus, 
fructu orbiculari. 

K. comosa, Hochst. in Flora, 1844, p. 31 ; Baker in Trimen Journ. 1874, p. 4. 

The genus Kniphofia is interesting geographically because 
like Gladiolus, Aloe, Philippia, Aristea, Geissorhiza, Morma, 
and many others, it has its head-quarters at the Cape, and 
is represented in Abyssinia and other mountainous regions 
of Tropical Africa by outlying representatives. Two of 
the Abyssinian species have lately been brought into culti- 
vation, — the present plant and K. Quartiniana, A. Eich., 
which was figured lately in Regel's Gartenflora (Tab. 907). 
K. comosa is much habit than the well-known K. 
Uvaria of the Cape, with narrower leaves and smaller 
flowers, with the stamens and style very much exserted 
from the perianth. Of the smaller Cape species it approaches 
closely K. pmnila, Kunth, a figure of which, under the 
name Tritoma pumila, will be found at Tab. 764 of the 
Botanical Magazine. Our drawing was made from a 
specimen sent by Mr. Elwes, with whom it flowered at 
Cirencester last September. 

Desce. Rootstoch thick and short, sending out copious 
long fleshy root-fibres. Leaves in a dense rosette, linear, 
erect, bright green, weak in texture, very acuminate, almost 
triquetrous, half or three-quarters of an inch broad low 

JULY 1st, 1881. 

down, one and a half or two feet long in the wild specimens, 
hut growing to twice that length in cultivation, finely 
veined, smooth or obscurely scabrous on the narrowly 
cartilaginous margins. Scape stout, terete, as long as or 
longer than the leaves. Floiuers all drooping, aggregated 
in a dense oblong raceme ; pedicels very short ; bracts 
lanceolate, membranous, under half an inch long. Perianth 
bright yellow, infundibuliform, half an inch long, the tube 
constricted above the base; segments deltoid. Stamens 
and style bright red, about twice as long as the perianth ; 
anthers minute, oblong, yellow. Fruit-raceme cylindrical, 
half a foot long, with its pedicels ascending. Capsule glo- 
bose, about the size of a pea, dehiscing loculicidally, with 
numerous small black triquetrous seeds in each cell. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A flower complete ; 2, anthers ; 3, pistil ; 4, horizontal section of ovary : — 
all more or less enlarged. Fig. 5, portion of fruiting-raceme : — life size. 


M. 3. del J.N. Pitch Litli 


LReere K?k 

Tab. 6570. 
CRINUM Balfoukii. 
Native of the Island of Socotra. 

Nat. Ord. Amartllidace^:.— Tribe Amaryllide.e. 
Genus Cbintjm, Linn,; (Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 547.) 

Cbinttm (Platyaster) Balfourii ; bulbo ovoideo brevicollo, foliis 10-12 synantbiis 
loratis firmulis viridibus vix pedalibus apice deltoideis, scapo compresso foliis 
subduplo longiori, umbellis 10-12-floris, spatbae valvis lanceolato-deltoideis, 
pedicellis crassis brevissimis, perianthii tubo recto viridulo bipollicari, limbi 
segmentis lanceolatis albis tubo asquilongis, filamentis seginentis distincte 
brevioribus, antberis parvis lineari-oblongis. 

This is a well-marked new species of Grinum, discovered 
by Dr. Isaac B. Balfour in his recent exploration of the 
Island of Socotra. Its nearest alliance is with two Hima- 
layan species, G. amoenum and longifolium of Roxburgh; 
but all the three subgenera of Crinum, Stenaster, Platyaster, 
and Godonocrinum, are represented in each of the three 
tropical continents, and also in Australia. Our drawing was 
made from a plant that flowered at Kew last autumn. The 
flowers are pure white and very fragrant, and the bulb and 
leaves are much smaller than those of the ordinarily culti- 
vated kinds ; so that it will be a decided acquisition from a 
horticultural point of view, and it is to be hoped, as Dr. 
Balfour secured a good supply of bulbs, that it will be 
permanently established as a memorial in our conservatories 
of his adventurous and successful expedition, in which 
about a hundred new species and twenty new genera of 
plants were discovered. 

Desck. Bulb ovoid, about three inches in diameter, with 
a short neck. Leaves about a dozen in a rosette, contem- 
porary with the flowers, lorate, spreading, bright green, 
firm in texture, closely veined, under a foot long, one and 
a half or two inches broad, with a deltoid tip, and a narrow 

JULY 1st, 1881. 

cartilaginous denticulate edge. Scape springing from the 
top of the bulb below the rosette of the leaves, compressed, 
one and a half or two feet long. Flowers very fragrant, 
ten or twelve in an umbel; spathe-valves pale, lanceolate- 
deltoid ; pedicels stout, very short, each subtended by a 
long filiform white bract ; ovary oblong, about half an inch 
long; perianth-tube cylindrical, greenish, permanently 
erect, two inches long; segments of the limb lanceolate, 
pure white, as long as the tube, spreading horizontally, half 
an mch broad. Filaments erecto-patent, two-thirds as long 
as the perianth-segments ; anthers linear-oblong, small for 
the genus Style reaching up to the summit of the stamens, 
tinged with red.—/. G. Baker. 

65 71 . 

I. Reeve 4. C? London 

Tab. 6571. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Akoide^:. — Tribe Philodendbej:. 
Genus Homalonema, Schott.; {Engl, in A. DC. Monog. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 332.) 

Homalonema Wallisii ; acaulis, foliis ovatis v. ovato-oblongis breviter acuminatis 
glabris supra viridibus pallide maculatis subtus glaucis, petiolo brevi antice 
canaliculato vagina elongata, pedunculo brevi, spathae sordide punicese albo 
punctulata> tubo ventricoso lamina ovata acuminata cymbiformi latiore et paullo 
longiore, spadice spatha paullo breviore parte fcemineo quam masculo multo 
breviore et paullo orassiore, ovario 2— 3-loculari. 

H. Wallisii, Regel in Gartevfi. 1875, p. 33; 1876, p. 320; Engler in A. DC. 
Monog. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 342. 

Cukiiebia Wallisii, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1877, p. 108, f. 16 ; Rafarin in 
Rev. Hortic. 1878, p. 192, f. 36 ; Andre in HI. Sortie, vol. xxv. p. 21, t. 303. 

I have followed Dr. Engler, the author of the excellent 
Monograph of Aracece (in Alph. De Candolle's continuation 
of the Prodromus), in referring the genus Curmeria to a 
section of Homalonema, though the species are all American, 
whilst the Homalonemas proper are exclusively Asiatic, 
relying on his statement that there are no constant 
differences between them ; feeling incompetent, without as 
thorough an examination of all the species as he has made, 
to pronounce an opinion of my own on the subject. It is, 
however, remarkaole how few genera of the Order are 
common to the old and new worlds, the chief others being 
Spathiphyllum and Arisaima, of which the first is tropical, 
and the last temperate. M. Andre, indeed, says in the 
" Illustration Horticole " (1. c.)> that an examination of 
the original species {C. Roezlii), and of two others, con- 
firms his opinion that the genera are different, and adds 
that Dr. Masters is of the same opinion. But M. Andre 
does not give the grounds of his opinion, and in referring 
to Dr. Masters' account of G. Roezlii (Gard. Chron. 1874, 

JIJLT 1st, 1881. 

p. 804), and of C. Wallisii (1877, p. 108), I do not find 
that he anywhere expressed an opinion as to the validity of 
the genus ; he simply rightly refers these plants to Andre's 
genus Curmena, and is no more responsible for the sound- 
ness of the latter, as distinct from Homalonema, than I am 
for Engler's view of both these being sections of one genus. 

H. Walhsii was discovered by the collector whose name 
it bears m the Andes of Columbia, when travelling for Mr. 
Bull, to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for the 
specimen of the plant from which our figure is taken, and 
which flowered at Kew in October, 1878. Mr. Brown 
informs me that there are two forms of the species, that 
here figured and one with narrower leaves that have very 
indistinct cartilaginous margins. 

Desce, Rootstoch subterranean, stout, aromatic ; stem 0. 
Leaves numerous, spreading, thickly coriaceous, four to six 
inches long, oblong or oblong-ovate, shortly acuminate, 
quite glabrous, base rounded or narrowed, dark green above 
with very pale blotches, glaucous beneath; petiole very 
short, grooved m front, sheathing part one to two inches 
long membranous, red. Peduncle one to one and a half 
inch long, stout, and as well as the leaf-sheaths and spathes 
ot a dirty red-purple colour speckled with white. Spathe 
three inches long, tube or convolute portion obliquely 
turpd, one and a half inch long by one in diameter; limb 
rather shorter and narrower, erect, acuminate, boat-shaped. 
bpadix almost as long as the spathe, rather slender, cylin- 
duc, obtuse ; female portion a half to three-quarters of an 
inch long, densely clothed with minute densely-packed 
vpiIT' V P ° r ^ 0n tW times as W. narrower, pale 
IviZnJr 6 ^ t n rees Vei ^ short ' cells S lobos e, connective 
£X T %V ° b0V ° id ' impressed, two- to three- 

£ t ' lgma . aessue discoid J ovules numerous, inserted on 

Sssc&^ the septum ' anatr °p° us ° r semi - 

^^^4^^ -W 

Reeve &. C9 London 

Tab. 6572. 

Native of Guatemala. 

Nat. Ord. Palmeje. — Tribe CHAM.EDOEEiB. 
Genus Synechanthus, R. Wendl. in Bot. Zeit. vol. xvi. p. 145. 

Synechanthus fibrosus ; palma gracilis, inermis, caudice arundinaceo annulate, 
foliis pari-pinnatis, foliolis multijugis hie illic interruptis lineari-lanceolatis 
acuminatis medio costatis 5— 7-nerviis basi lata insertis, marginibus basi recurvis, 
vaginis brevibus, spadicibus interfoliaceis longe pedunculitis 2-3-plicato ramosis 
erect is fructiferis pendulis, ramis strictis gracillimis compressis, spatbis pluribus 
tubulosis membranaceis persistentibus, floribus minutis in acervulos elongates 
distichos ramulos spadicis alternating marginantes dispositis, inferiore in act rvulo 
$ ceteris <$ , sepalis transverse oblongis, petalis^ ovatis valvatis, $ orbicularibus 
imbricatis, staminibus 6, ovario globoso 3-loculari, stigraatibus 3 sessilibus, 
bacca ellipsoidea 1-spei'ina. 

S. fibrosus, Wendl. I. c. 

Hathea fibrosa, Karst. in Wochenschr . vol. i. p. 377, vol. ii. p. 15. 

A graceful tropical Palm, one of a genus of three known 
species, two of them natives of that part of the American 
continent which, extending from Mexico to Panama, is 
commonly known as Central America, and which includes 
Yucatan, Guatemala, Belise, Honduras, Nicaragua, and 
Costa Rica ; the third Colombian. These countries are all 
rich in Palms, for a knowledge of which we are mainly 
indebted to Herman Wendland and (Ersted, the enterprising 
botanical explorers of those unhealthy regions. 

Synechanthus is remarkable for the arrangement of the 
flowers, which form linear groups of eight or ten, placed 
alternately on the opposite edges of the compressed branches 
of the spadix, the lower flower alone in each group being 
female, the rest male. In this respect Synechanthus a good 
deal resembles the Mauritian genus Hyophorbe, which differs 
very materially in its infra-foliaceous spadix, in the presence 
of staminodia, in the one-celled, one-ovuled ovary, and the 

AUGUST 1ST, 1881. 

pendulous ovule. From Ghamcedorea, Synechanthus differs 
by its monoecious flowers, and their arrangement on the 

S. fibrosus is an exceedingly graceful Palm, with a trunk 
in the Kew specimen about four feet high, and a crown 
of leaves as long, from amongst the bases of which the 
graceful spadices spring, laden with almost microscopic 
flowers. These are succeeded by the bright orange-red 
fruits, which weigh down the spadix, and are copiously 
produced. The Royal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Wend- 
land, Director of the Royal Gardens at Herrenhausen, 
Hanover, for the specimen here figured. 

Descr. Trunk four feet high, solitary, erect, slender, 
ringed, green. Leaves as long, erect and spreading, 
pinnate, sometimes interruptedly ; leaflets numerous, one 
to one and a half feet long, spreading and rather pendulous, 
linear-lanceolate from a broad adnate base, bright green, 
five to seven-nerved, the costa prominent, quite glabrous, 
margins recurved towards the base ; rachis subterete with 
a mesial ridge above ; petiole rounded ; sheaths short, open. 
Spadices numerous, from amongst the leaves, suberect, 
one-third as long as the leaves; peduncle long, slender; 
branches many, strict, forked, very slender. Spathes 
several, tubular, membranous, persistent. Flowers in two- 
ranked short linear clusters of eight to ten placed alternately 
on opposite sides of the branches, minute, green, sessile, the 
lowest of each cluster female, the rest males ; bracts and 
bracteoles none. Calyx of three very short transversely 
elongate sepals. Petals of the male ovate, valvate ; of the 
female orbicular, imbricate. Stamens six, attached to the 
base of the petals. Ovary globose, three-celled, with an erect 
ovule in each cell; stigmas three, sessile, minute. Fruit 
an ellipsoid orange-red sessile drupe, one to one and a 
quarter inch long ; pericarp fleshy and fibrous. Seed free, 
erect, ellipsoid, smooth, raphe with faint branches ; albumen 
equable ; embryo near the top of the se-jd.— J. B. E. 

Fig. 1, Portion of spadix with group of flowers; 2, young male flower; 3, petal 
and stamens; 4, female flower; 5, transverse section of ovary ; 6, seed ; 7, vertical 
section of the same showing embryo :— all enlarged. 

Vincent Brooks Day i 

1 Reeve & C? 

Tab. 6573. 
BERBERIS sinensis. 

Native of Northern China. 

Nat. Ord. Berbehide.e. — Tribe Beebebe.e. 
Genus Bebbekis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 43.) 

Beebeeis sinensis ; frutex erectus a basi ramosissimus, ramulis pendulis elongatia 
flagelliformibus, spinis 2-3-nisve, foliis fasciculatis coriaceis oblanceolatis 
spatbulatisve acutis apiculatis v. obtusis integerrirnis v. inferioribus parce 
spinuloso-dentatis, racemislonge pedunculatis multifloris pendulis, floribus parvis 
longe pedicellatis, sepalis 3 exterioribus minutis, baccis elongato-ellipsoideis 
utrinque obtusis rubris 1-2 sperniis, stigmate parvo sessili. 

B. sinensis, Desf. Cat. Mort. Par. JSd. 1804, p. 150 ; DC. &/st. PL vol. ii. p. 8 j 
Prodr. vol. i. p. 106 ; Duhamel Arb. Ed. Michel, vol. iv. p. 13 ; Loudon, 
Arboretum, vol. i.p. 304. 

B. Cbinensis, Poiret, Diet. vol. viii. p. 617. 

This is the most graceful of all the numerous species of 
Barbery cultivated at Kew, the branchlets from the base to 
the crown of the plants weeping and being loaded with 
blossoms in the spring. The flowers are, however, the 
smallest of the genus known to me, and the berries are 
smaller than those of B. vulgaris. I have examined native 
specimens collected in North China by Bunge, Pere David, 
and Mr. John Ross, which display an amount of variation 
only too common in all species of the genus ; some of the 
specimens having erect branches and pendulous racemes, 
and others shortly pedicellate flowers ; but all agree in the 
very small flowers and in the general shape of the foliage. 
A Caucasian plant received from the Herbarium of the 
Imperial Botanic Garden of St. Petersburg, and bearing 
this name, resembles it entirely in foliage, but the flowers 
are more umbellate towards the end of the raceme. In 
young plants the leaves are deeply regularly spinulose- 

Berberis sinenis has been long cultivated in the Arboretum 

august 1st, 1881. 

of Kew, but was not so at the period of the publication 
of the second edition of the " Hortus Kewensis " (1811), 
where only four species are enumerated as existing in 
the Royal Gardens. Loudon, however, states that it was 
found duriug Lord Macartney's embassy to China, and 
introduced into England in 1800. 

Desce. A much-branched glabrous bush four to six 
feet high, branches sub-erect; branchlets long, slender, 
pendulous ; spines in pairs or threes. Leaves fascicled on 
the branches, one to two inches long, very variable in size 
and shape in each fascicle, coriaceous, green, not glaucous, 
from linear-obovate to spathulate, obtuse acute or apiculate, 
quite entire or rarely sparingly spinulose-toothed (strongly 
so in the young plant); nerves faint. Flowers in very 
slender long-peduncled pendulous many-flowered racemes 
two to three inches long ; each on a slender pedicel of one- 
fourth to half an inch long, with a minute deciduous bract 
at its base. ^ Perianth globose, very small, under one-fourth 
of an inch in diameter, pale yellow. Outer sepals minute, 
orbicular; next series cymbiform. Petals smaller, inner 
series rather truncate. Berries one-third to half an inch 
long, narrowly ellipsoid, rounded at the base and tip, bright 
red, one to two-seeded ; stigma small, quite sessile.—/. D. H. 

Kg. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, stamens -.—both enlarged. 



Tab. 6574. 

Native of the Southern United States. 

Nat. Ord. Ranttnculace.ze. — Tribe Clematide-E. 
Genus Clematis, Linn. ; {Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 3.) 

Clematis reticulata ; caule gracile scandente ramoso glabro, ratnulis gracillimis 
sericeo-pubescentibus v. glabratis, foliis coriaceis gracile petiolatis superioribus 
integris ellipticis v. elliptico-lanceolatis integerrimis, inferioribus pinnatis 7-9- 
foliolatis, foliolis multiformibus integris v. irregulariter paucilobatis obtusis, 
basi sjepissime cuneatis, nervis nervulisque utrinque prominentibus creberrime 
reticulatis, floribus solitariis longe pedunculatis, periantbio ovoideo serieeo, 
sepalis ovato-lanceolatis erectis apicibus acutis recurvis crasse coriaceis sulcatis 
marginibus incrassatis non vittatis, acbeniorum caudis elongatis phimosis 

C. reticulata, Walt. Flor. Carotin, p. 156 ; Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 318 ; 
DC. Syst. vol. i. p. 157 ; Prodr. vol. i. p. 7 ; Ton; and Gr. Ft. N. Am. vol. i. 
pp. 10, 658 ; Lindl. in Bot. Reg. sub. tab. 60 ; Enqelm. and Gray, Plant 
Lindh. p. 3 ; Chapm. Fl. S. U. States, p. 4 ; S. Wats. Bibl. Ind. N. Am 
Bot. p. 11. 

Dr. Lindley, writing in 1846, remarks under Clematis 
crista, " The plants cultivated in our Gardens under the 
names of Clematis vioma, crista, reticulata, cylindrical 
rosea, &c, present a scene of confusion such as is rare 
among Botanical compilations ;" and he proceeds to devote 
four pages to unravelling the synonymy and defining the 
characters of the first four of these species. Wot success- 
fully, however, for he refers the C. crisp a of this work 
(Tab. 1892) to the present plant, though the excellent 
figure there given differs not in any particular from that of 
his own C. crispa, and differs wholly from G. reticulata, 
both in the foliage and in having very broad undulate 
margins of the sepals. 

Clematis reticulata ranges in the Southern United States 
east of the Mississippi, from South Carolina to Florida. 
The specimen here figured is from a plant grown at Kew 
in the open border, received from Messrs. Rodger McLelland 

AUGUST 1st, 1881. 

and Co., under the name of G. Fremonti, a very different 
species, with very large leaves and no tails to the achenes. 
The flowers which appear in September are much paler 
than as described in native specimens. The plant was 
nearly killed by last winters' cold, and is only now beginning 
to grow again. 

Descr. A rambling climber, with very slender much- 
branched glabrous stems, and pubescent branchlets. Leaves 
leathery and very closely reticulate with prominent nerves 
on both surfaces, upper simple, elliptic, obtuse or apiculate, 
lower pinnate with seven to nine leaflets which are most 
variable in size and in shape, from oblong or lanceolate to 
rounded, and in being entire or lobed. Flowers solitary, 
pendulous on the ends of long slender naked pubescent 
peduncles. Perianth ovoid, an inch long, dull greenish 
and purplish. Sepals lanceolate, pubescent, connivent 
except at the recurved tips, thickly coriaceous and grooved, 
the margins not thinning out into a waved border. Fila- 
ments and slender anthers silky. Achenes with loner silky 
tails.— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, stamens; 3, carpel :— all enlarged. 


I Reeve l.C?L<mcbr. 

Tab. 6575. 

Native of Bengal. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace.e. — Tribe Osbeckie^. 
Genus Osbeckia, Linn.; (Benth. et ILooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 744. 

Osbeckta (Ceramicalyx) rostrata ; glabra pilosa v. bispida, caule erecto subramoso 
stricto tetragono v. basi tetraptero, f'oliis oppositis v. 3-natim verticillatis 
sessilibus v. breviter petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis acutis 3-7-costatis glabris v. 
utrinque pilosis, costis strigosis, corymbis terminalibus, ramis srepius elongatis, 
floribus amplis 4-meris breviter pedicellatis, bracteis ovatis, floribus 4-rneris, 
calycis tubo elongato-urceolato basi inflato glabro v. stellatim piloso, limbi lobis 
ovatis acutis, corolla ampla, petalis late obovato-orbiculatis purpureis, antheris 
elongatis longe rostratis, calyce fructifeio longe tubuloso glabro stellatim -piloso 
v. longissime crinito. 

0. rostrata, Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 221 ; DC. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 143 ; Triana in 
Trans. Linn. Son. vol. xxviii. p. 53 ; Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Bene/. 1877, 
part ii. p. 74 ; Clarke in PI. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 517. 

0. ternifolia, Don I. c. p. 221 ; DC. 1. c. p. 142 ; Wall. Cat. no. 4058. 

0. pulcbella, Wall. Cat. no. 4059; Naud. in Ann. 8c. Nat. ser. 3, vol. xiv. p. 73. 

0. campestris, Wall. Cat. no. 4063. 

O. longicollis, Wall. Cat. no. 4065. 

Melastoma pulcbella, Roxb. Fl. Lnd. vol. ii. p. 403. 

Melastomacea, Griffith Ic. PL Asiat. t. 638. 

It is singular that so handsome a plant as this, and so 
common a one over a large tract in India, should never 
before have been figured in any Horticultural work, the 
only published representative being the coarse sketch in 
Griffiths' posthumous " Scones," published in Bengal. It is 
a native of swampy districts along the foot of the Himalaya 
and in Northern Bengal, from Nipal eastward to Assam, 
Rangoon, and Burma. These were supposed to be the 
limits of its range up to the period of the publication of the 
order Melastomacece in the Flora of British India, in 1879, 
since which time, however, a perfectly glabrous form of it 
has been found by Col. Beddome in the Sirumallay hills of 

ATJGTTST 1ST, 1881. 

the Deccan, at an elevation of 3500 feet. As a rule it affects 
very wet places, and especially rice-swamps, &c, but it 
sometimes may be found in moist places in the hills. 

Osbeckia rostrata was introduced into Kew about twenty- 
five years ago, and flowered first in 1857, but the plant has 
been lost, and I am indebted to Messrs. E. G. Henderson, 
of Pine Apple Place, for the fine specimen here figured, 
which flowered in October, 1880. It requires stove 

Descr. A rather slender sparingly-branched herbaceous 
shrub two to four feet high, glabrous, hairy, or hispid. Stem 
soft, strict, sometimes as thick as the finger at the base 
and four-winged, four-angled above, side-branches if any 
usually long and slender. Leaves three to ten inches long, 
opposite and three-nately whorled, subsessile or with short 
thick petioles, elliptic-oblong -ovate or -lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, quite entire or crenulate ; transverse nerves distinct. 
Flcnvers two to two and a half inches in diameter, four- 
merous, in loose terminal corymbs with four-angled 
peduncles and pedicels; bracts ovate, caducous. Calyx 
half to nearly an inch long ; tube with an inflated base, 
glabrous or stellately pubescent; limb with four ovate 
acute segments. Petals nearly orbicular, with a waved 
margin. Anthers subequal, with long curved beaks. Ovary 
with a glabrous or hispid crown. Fruiting calyx glabrous, 
or clothed sometimes densely with very long stellate hairs, 
giving it a shaggy appearance. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Stamens; 2, base of calyx and lip of ovarv; 3, transverse section of 
ovary : — all magnified. 



1 Reeve 8cC n London 

Tab. 6576. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Aeoide*.— Tribe Philodendbeje. 
Genus Schismatoglottis, Zoll. and Morr. ; {Engler Monog. Arac. p. 349.) 

Schismatoglottis crispctta ; robusta, foliis coriaceis petiolatis oblongis v. ovato- 
cordatis apiculatis lobis basi rotundatis sinu acuto, lamina luride viridi 
utrinque inter costam et marginem albo sordido irrorata, petiolo robusto 
asperulo marginibus crispatulis, vagina auriculata auricnlis truncatis, spatha 
4-5 pollicari breviter pedunculata lineari-oblonga virescente breviter cuspidata, 
spadice spatha? sequilonga, parte foeminea mascula breviore annulo organorum 
neutrorum superata, parte sterili elongato fusiformi-cylindraceo, connective) 
truncato, ovariis breviter cylindraceis, stigmate orbicular!, placentis 2 parie- 

The number of Aroidece being now introduced into culti- 
vation, from the Islands of the Indian Archipelago especially, 
is very great, and* this is a fortunate circumstance in view 
of the advance of systematic and descriptive botany; for 
difficult as is the analysis of these plants in a living state, 
it is infinitely more so in the dried. Just now, thanks to 
their frequently variegated foliage, they are favourites in 
cultivation, but I doubt if they will long continue so. The 
genera to which they belong have been exceedingly well 
defined by Dr. Engler, in his " Monograph of the Aracem" 
a work which proves him to be the worthy successor of the 
late veteran Dr. Schott, of Schcenbrun, who was no less 
celebrated for his works on the Order, than he was for the 
marvellous living collection of species which he brought 
together in the Gardens of the Emperor of Austria. The 
genus Schismatoglottis is here for the first time figured from 
living specimens, and its close affinity to Homalonema 
(figured at Tab. 6571) will at once be recognized ; the chief 
difference between these genera is the two- or more-celled 
ovary of the latter genus, and the micropyle of its ovule 
being directed upwards. 

AUGUST 1st, 1881. 

Schismatoglottis crispata is one of the many interesting 
plants introduced from Borneo by Mr. Burbidge when col- 
lecting for Messrs. Veitch, and amongst which the Aroidece, 
which have been studied by Mr. 1ST. E. Brown, of the Kew 
Herbarium, are conspicuous for their number and novelty. 
I am indebted to Messrs. Veitch for the specimen here 
figured, which flowered with them in January of the present 

Desce. Stem very short, robust, as thick as the thumb. 
Leaves five to seven inches long, coriaceous, oblong with a 
retuse base or ovate-cordate with rounded basal lobes, 
apiculate, dull green above with dirty white blotches half- 
way between the costa and midrib ; midrib stout, nerves 
many, rather stout, spreading ; petiole two to three inches 
long, stout, rough, plano-convex, with raised crisped 
margins ; sheath broad, membranous, ending upwards in 
spreading truncate wings. Spathe oblong, cymbiform, 
shortly peduncled, four to five inches long, pale greenish 
white. Spadix as long as the spathe; female portion 
shorter than the male, surmounted by a narrow ring of 
neuter organs, and having a few of these scattered amongst 
the flowers ; male portion much shorter and rather narrower 
than the terminal fusiform subacute neuter portion. Anthers 
with the connective truncate. Ovary cylindric, one-celled ; 
stigma discoid, sessile; ovules parietal, pendulous from 
the long funicles, with the micropyle downwards. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of petiole; 2, spadix ; 3, cluster of male flowers; 4, single male 
flower ; 5, ovary ; 6, vertical section of ditto ; 7, transverse section of ditto ; 8, 
ovub : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6577. 
ENGELMANNIA pinnatifida. 

Native of the Prairies of N. America. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Helianthoide.e. 
Genus Engelman:nia, Torr. et Gr. ; (Bent//, et lloolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 351.) 

Engelmannia pinnatifida ; herba perennis, erecta, pubescens v. Lirsuta, Ibliis 
alternis petiolatis oblongis sinuato-pinnatifidis, lobis obtusis integris dentatis 
v. lobulatis, capitulis corymboso-paniculatis longe pedunculatis radiatis hetero- 
gamis, fl. radii $ 1-seriatis fertilibus, disci $ sterilibus, iavolucri bracteis 
2-3-seriatis laxis extimis subfoliaceis coriaceis intiinis concavis foliaceo- 
appendiculatis, receptaculo piano paleis flores involventibus onusto, ligulis 
elongatis aureis integris, stylo bipartito, fl. disci corolla infundibulari, stylo 
elongato indiviso, acheniis radii obovatis corapressis exalatis 2-aristati.«, disci 
filiformibus sterilibus. 

E. pinnatifida, Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 283 ; Torr. in Marry Eocped. 
Bot. tab. 11. 

Angelandba pinnatifida, Endl. Gen. PI. Suppl. vol. iii. p. 69; Walp. Rep. 
vol. ii. pp. 609, 976, vol. vi. p. 149 ; Ann. vol. ii. p. 849. 

A herb belonging to the same great American tribe of 
Composite as the Sunflower, named in honour of the veteran 
United States' botanist, Dr. Engelmann, of St. Louis in 
Missouri. It is a native of the prairie region of the central 
United States, east of the Kocky Mountains, where it ex- 
tends from the latitude of Canada to that of Texas. I 
have myself collected it in Colorado, growing in dry, grassy 
places, where, however, the heads were much smaller than 
in specimens from further south, and than those cultivated 
at Kew ; on the other hand, I have seen cultivated speci- 
mens with the rays much broader and rather shorter than 
those here figured. Seeds were received at Kew, collected 
in New Mexico by Dr. Parry, the plants from which flowered 
in the second year, and have proved perfectly hardy, having 
been unprotected in the Herbaceous Grounds during the last 
severe winter. It flowers in the month of July. The 
ArGrsT 1st, 1881. 

genus is very closely allied to Lindheimeria and Berlandiera, 
plants of the same region. 

Desce. A hardy perennial herb, one to two feet high, 
clothed all over with a roughish pubescence or with soft 
spreading hairs. Stem erect, unbranched, cylindric, straight 
or ^flexuous. Leaves two to five inches long, petioled, 
oblong, sinuate-pinnatifid to below the middle ; lobes 
spreading and ascending, obtuse, entire toothed or lobulate, 
especially on the lower margins, one-nerved. Heads one to 
two inches in diameter, corymbosely panicled, on long slen- 
der peduncles. Involucre of several series of loose coria- 
ceous green bracts, the outermost herbaceous oblong ; the 
innermost orbicular, concave, coriaceous, with a short leafy 
tip ; receptacle flat, clothed with chaffy scales ; outer scales 
lanceolate, adhering in pairs to the base of each involucral 
bract ; inner narrow, obtuse. Ray-floivers eight to ten, 
female, with an elliptic lanceolate golden-yellow ray which 
is entire at the tip. Dislc-flowers hermaphrodite, but sterile; 
corolla funnel-shaped, five-cleft. Stamens with the anthers 
subentire at the base. Style of the ray-flowers two-armed, 
of the disk entire, long, hispid. Achenes of the ray broadly 
obovoid, dorsally much compressed, keeled down the face, 
hispid, crowned with two short awns, each attached at the 
base laterally to two scales of the receptacle, anteriorly to a 
bract of the involucre, and posteriorly to another recep- 
tacular scale which encloses a sterile achene ; the achene, 
three scales, and abortive achene and involucral bracts, all 
fall away together.— J". D. R. 

Fig. 1, Inner bract of involucre ; 2, ray-flower ; 3, style-arms of ditto ; 4, disk- 
flower ; 5, style-arms of ditto ; 6, two outer scales of receptacle with an inner one 
between them ; 7, single scale ; 8, achene :— all enlarged. 


M.S. a. 

Vincent Brooks Day it Son Imp 

Tab. 6578. 
EUADENIA eminens. 

Native of Western Tropical Africa. 

Nat Ord. CAPPAEiDEiE.— Tribe Cappake^;. 
Genus Euadenia, Oliver; (Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 969.) 

Euadenia eminens; suffrutex glaberrimus, caule erecto stride luperne folioeo, 
foliis breviter petiolatis 3-foliolatis, fbliolis sessilibus ovato- v. oMongo-laaoeo- 
latislonge acuminatis integerrimis, racemo aniplissiino corymbifoimi inultilloro, 
pedicellis adscendentibus, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis unit is, petalis longinimu 
anguste spathulatis planis acutis sulphureis, 2 inperioriboa erecto-recarvis, 
2 inferioribus brevioribus interdum nanis ponvrtis, itaminibui "> ant iris 
fertilibus, filament's decurvis dein adscendentibus, antliciis oblongit, kppendiee 
dorsali lineari apiee 5-fida laciniis apice tortis, ovario 2-loculari longe stipitato. 

The genus Euadenia was established by Professor Oliver 
upon two tropical African plants, of which one, E. tri- 
foliolata, Oliv. (Stroemia trifoliolata, Schum. and Tlionn.), 
from Old Calabar and Abbeokuta, is an undoubted congener 
of the plant here figured, though differing in its racemose 
flowers ; the other, E. ? Kirhii, Oliv., from the Mozambique 
district, is probably a different genus, which is very im- 
perfectly known. There are also in the Kew Herbarium 
imperfect specimens, collected by Mann, of what is probably 
a third species, from an elevation of 3000 feet in the 
Cameroon Mountains, where it forms a tree 30 feet high. 
It is remarkable for its celery-like odour when dry. And, 
lastly, there is also in the Herbarium an individual of E. 
eminens, collected also by Mann on the banks of the Bagroo 
river in 1861. 

E. eminens differs from all the other species in the 
singularly handsome inflorescence, which resembles ;t 
candelabrum in its ramification, the yellow petals looking 
like pairs of gas jets on each branch. It was introduced 
from West Africa by Mr. Bull, who kindly communicated 

BSPTBHBKB 1st, 1881. 

the specimen here figured in January last. It is of course 
a stove plant. 

Descr. Apparently a branching soft shrub, or a herb 
with soft woody bases to the stems, and probably the 
branches also, when fully grown. Branches terete, knotted. 
Leaves alternate, petioled, three-foliolate, quite glabrous ; 
leaflets four to six inches long, subsessile, ovate-lanceolate, 
acuminate, quite entire, deep green above, paler beneath ; 
petiole one to three inches long. Inflorescence shortly 
peduncled, terminal, erect, corymbosely candelabriform, 
eight to ten inches in diameter ; peduncle very short, stiff, 
erect; bracts small, subulate, caducous; pedicels two 
inches long, slender, spreading and decurved from the 
rachis, then ascending. Flowers erect ; sepals four, lanceo- 
late, acuminate, half an inch long, green. Petals four, 
sulphur-yellow; two dorsal four inches long, erect, very 
narrowly linear-spathulate, narrowed into a long claw, flat, 
smooth, with a midrib and lateral veins; two lower or 
anterior petals similar, but much smaller or almost wanting, 
pointing forward. Fertile stamens five, anticous, filaments 
slender, decurved and then ascending, shortly united at 
the base ; anthers small, oblong ; barren stamens united 
into a dorsal strap-shaped, erect body, five-cleft at the tip, 
the segments curled at the top. Ovary small, cylindric, 
two-celled, on a slender peduncle, very caducous. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Diagram of the floral organs ; 2, flower with the two dorsal petals 
removed ; 3, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged: 


Vincent Brocic; Lay I Son Imp 


Tab. 6579. 
iris missouriensis. 

Native of California and the Boclcy Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Ieidace^:. — Tribe Ibidem. 
Genus Ieis, Linn.; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 13<>.) 

Ibis (Apogon) missouriensis ; foliis linearibus rigidulis subpedalibus, caulibu 
2-3-floris fistulosis sursum angulosis, spathoe valvis niagnis lanceolatis apice 
membranaceis, pedicellis spatbse valvis ssepissime brevioribus, ovario cylindrico- 
trigono, periantbii tubo brevi infundibular!, segmentis exterioribus oblongis 
unguiculatis reflexis 2-2^ poll, longis pallidis lilacino-striatis luteo-carinatis, 
segmentis interioribus ereetis lilacinis oblanceolato-unguiculatis exterioribus 
vix brevioribus, stylt cristis subquadratis ineiso-dentatis, antberis filanientis 
asquilongis, capsulis obloiigo-trigonis apice et basi cuneatis. 

I. missouriensis, Nuttall in Journ. Acad. Philad. vol. vii. p. 58 ; S. Wats, in 
Bot. Calif, vol. ii. p. 140. 

I. Tolmieana, Herbert in Hook, et Am. Bot. Beech, p. 395; S. Wats, in But. 
King. Expedit. 342 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1876, p. 226 ; Journ. Linn. 
Soc. vol. xvi. p. 138. 

This appears to be the commonest Iris of the Rocky 
Mountains. I place the plant we have long known in 
England as Tolmieana as a synonym of Nuttall' s doubtful 
missouriensis, on the authority of Dr. Sereno AVatson,. who, 
in the recently-published " Botany of California," states its 
distribution as follows : — " On the eastern side of the 
Sierra Nevada from Inyo to Siskiyou county and the 
Columbia, common in the mountains of the interior east- 
ward to Colorado and Montana, and south to Arizona ; 
apparently the only species of the Great Basin." Whether 
it be more than a montane variety of the Californian Iris 
longipetala of Herbert (Bot. Mag., Tab. 5298), which is a 
very much finer plant from a cultural point of view, I 
greatly doubt. Although long known, it has never been 
previously figured. Our drawing was made from a plant 
sent at the end of May from Mr. F. Horsman, of the New 
Plant and Bulb Company, Colchester. 


Desce. Rhizome short, creeping, with fleshy root-fibres. 
Produced leaves about four to a tuft, linear, not more than 
a foot long, firm in texture, a quarter or a third of an inch 
broad, narrowed gradually to the point. Stem overtopping 
the leaves, bearing a single terminal cluster of two or three 
flowers, fistular, subterete in the lower part, angled towards 
the top. Spathe-valves lanceolate, two or three inches long, 
membranous towards the tip. Peduncles nearly always 
shorter than the spathe-valves. Ovary cylindrico- trigonous, 
three-quarters of an inch or more long at the flowering 
time. Perianth-tube infundibuliform, not more than a 
quarter or a third of an inch long ; outer segments of the 
limb oblong-unguiculate, reflexing, two or two and a half 
inches long, veined with lilac-purple on a pale groundwork, 
and faintly keeled with yellow towards the base of the 
limb ; inner segments nearly as long as the outer, erect, 
oblanceolate, with a long claw, emarginate, plain lilac- 
purple. Stigmas an inch long, exclusive of the reflexing 
subquadrate strongly-toothed crests. Anthers as long as 
the filaments. Capsule oblong-trigonous, an inch or an 
inch and a half long, cuneate at the base and apex. — /. G. 

Pig. 1, Flower, with the segments of the perianth taken away,— natural size ; 
2, stamens; 3, horizontal section of ovary :— both enlarged. 

6580 d 

Vincent Bra* 

IReeve &. C° London 

Tab. 6580. 
aloe maokacantha. 

Native of the Cape Colony. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^;. — Tribe Aloineje. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 148.) 

Aloe macracantha ; caudice elongato simplici, foliis 20-30 dense rosulatis lanceo- 
latis pedalibus et ultra 3-4 poll, latis viridibus lineis et maculis albidis 
confluentibus eopiosis decoratis margine aculeis magnis patulis corneis deltoideo- 
cuspidatis prseditis, pedunculo simplici vel furcato, floribus dense corymbosis, 
pedicellis erecto-patentibus 1-li poll, longis, bracteis lanceolatis pedicello 
brevioribus, periantbii splendide luteo-rubri tubo supra basin constricto, 
segmentis tubo duplo brevioribus, genitalibus periantbio sequilongis. 

A. macracantba, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 167. 

This is unmistakably the finest of all the spotted 
Aloes. Its alliance is with A. Saponaria and A. latifolia, 
from which it is marked at a glance by its longer caudex, 
broader leaves, and larger flowers. It is one of the most 
interesting of the many novelties in succulent plants, dis- 
covered by Mr. Thomas Cooper, of Reigate, in his travels 
through the eastern provinces of Cape Colony, from 1858 
to 1862, on behalf of Mr. Wilson Saunders and the Eoyal 
Horticultural Society. "We have had it growing at Kew to 
my knowledge since 1870, and it is now widely spread in 
collections ; but so far as I am aware, it has never flowered 
in cultivation till now. Our drawing was made from a 
plant that flowered in the Cactus-house at Kew in March 
of this present year. 

Desce. Caudex simple, reaching a length of two or three 
feet, and a diameter of two or three inches. Leaves twenty 
to thirty in a dense rosette, lanceolate, twelve or fifteen 
inches long, three or four inches broad below the middle, 
narrowed gradually from the middle to the tip, one-sixth of 
an inch thick in the centre, nearly flat on the face, bright 

septembeh 1st, 1881. 

green, with copious lines and oblong confluent whitish 
blotches, much paler on the convex back, furnished on the 
margin with large deltoid-cuspidate spreading prickles 
which are brown and horny in the upper half. Peduncle 
flattened, purplish, glaucous, simple or forked, above a foot 
long. Inflorescence a dense corymb about four inches in 
diameter ; pedicels erecto-patent, an inch or an inch and a 
half long; bracts lanceolate, shorter than the pedicels. 
Perianth bright yellow, with a tinge of red, nearly two 
inches long ; tube distinctly constricted above the globose 
base ; segments oblong-lanceolate, half as long as the tube. 
Stamens and style just reaching to the tip of the perianth- 
segments ; pollen bright red. — J. G. Baker. 

Pig. 1, Whole plant, — much reduced; 2, front and back view of anthers, — 
magnified ; 3, pistil,— natural size. 



. Reeve &. C° L 

Tab. 6581. 
PINANGA patula. 

Native of Sumatra. 

Nat. Ord. Palmeje. — Tribe Aeecine^:. 
Genus Pinanga, Blume ; (Rumphia, vol. ii. p. 76.) 

Pinanga patula ; caudice humili, foliisinsequaliter pinnatisectis, pinnis 8-18-jugis 
erecto-patulis basi lata adnatis falcato-lanceolatis acuminatis 3-5-nervis termi- 
nalibus truncato-dentatis, subtus rachi petioloque minute furfuraceis, rachi 
dorso convexo antice carinato, petiolo breviusculo teretiusculo, vagina elongata 
cylindracea longe fissa, spadicibus infra-foliaceis subpinnatim sirapliciter v. 
bis ramosis, ramis curvis crassiusculis compressis rigidis, spatba completa 
oblonga acuta furfuracea, floribus 3-nis, glomerulis ad margines ramorum 
spadicis 2-seriatis, in singulo glomerulo 1 foemineo 2 masculis, fl. ? perianthio 
post antbesin vix aucto, drupis parvis ellipsoideis obtusis scrobiculis spadicia 

P. patula, Blume in Bumphia, vol. ii. p. 87, t. 115. 

Ptychospeema patula, Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. iii. p. 26. 

Seafoethia patula, Mart. Hist. Palm. vol. iii. p. 313. 

A beautiful dwarf Palm, a native of the mountains of the 
Island of Sumatra, belonging to a very distinct genus that 
extends from the Eastern Himalaya to Borneo, and consists 
generally of species of small stature and very elegant habit, 
well suited for stove culture. P. patula is closely allied to 
P. furfuracea of the Celebes, which is, however, a much 
more scurfy plant, with the leaflets toothed towards the 
top on the lower edge. 

P. patula was received at Kew from the Dutch Gardens 
many years ago, and has flowered and fruited annually in 
the Palm-house for some time. 

Desce. Stem solitary, four to six feet high, slender, one 
to two inches in diameter, green, smooth, ringed, swollen 
at the base. Leaves four to five feet long, oblong in outline, 
unequally pinnate, faintly furfuraceous below and on the 
rachis and petiole ; segments eight to eighteen pairs, erecto- 


patent, falcately lanceolate from a broad adnate base, 
acuminate, sometimes connate in pairs and bifid at the tip, 
three to five-nerved, the terminal connate and toothed at the 
tip ; rachis rounded at the back, keeled in front between the 
oblique bases of the leaflets ; petiole about half the length of 
the leaf-blades, rounded in the middle ; sheath six inches long, 
cylindrical, smooth, split down the front, green. Spadixes 
several from the rings on the stem below the leaves, very 
shortly peduncled, nearly a foot long, bifariously branched, 
the branches stout, curving horizontally, spreading, ver- 
tically compressed. Spatlie solitary, membranous, com- 
pressed, furfuraceous. Flowers in two densely packed 
series on the upper side of the branches of the spadix, to 
the margins of which they are attached in clusters of three, 
two being males placed behind a minute female ; as the 
spadix lengthens, the male flowers fall away, the branches 
thicken, become flattened and yellow in age, bearing the 
drupes horizontally along the edges, the base of each sunk 
in a cup-shaped depression. Drupe two-thirds of an inch 
long, ellipsoid, orange-red. — J". D. H. 

Fig. A, Keduced figure of whole palm ; B, young branch of spadix with young 
fruit ; C, old ditto with ripe fruit: — both of the natural size. 1, Section of spadix 
and ovary ; 2, seed ; 3, vertical section of ditto ; 4, embryo :— all enlarged. 




i Reeve 8c C° London 

Tab. 6582. 
primula poculifoemis. 

Native of Central China. 

Nat. Ord. Peimulaceje.— Tribe Pbimuleje. 
Genus Peimttla, Linn. ; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 631.) 

Pbimtjea poculiformis ; molliter pubescens v. puberula, foliis gracile petiolatis late 
oblongo- v. subrotundato-cordatis apice rotundatis lobulato-dentatis subinte- 
grisvemembranaceisnervisimpressis reticulars, sinu basi angusta v. lata, scapis 
gracilibus folia superantibus, floribus umbellatis, bracteis paucis linearibus 
patentibus inaequalibus, pedicellis gracilibus inaequalibus patulis, calyce poculi- 
formi late infundibulari-campanulato breviter obtuse 5-dentato obscure 5-gono 
puberulo, corolla? tubo gracili calyce longe excedente, limbo piano 5-fido pallide 
purpureo fauce nuda, segmentis obcordatis, lobis rotundatis, ovario globoso. 

I find no description of this elegant primrose, which 
with the habit and foliage of P. cortusioides (Tab. 399 and 
5528) has the calyx of the Himalayan P. filipes, Watt 
MSS., and is one of many instances of China containing 
species of plants intermediate in character, as in position, 
between those of Northern India and Japan. It was dis- 
covered by Mr. Maries when travelling for Messrs. Veitch 
in the interior of China, at the Ichang gorge, and flowered 
at Chelsea in September of last year. F t filipes, on the 
other hand, is a native of rocks at Chuka in Bhotan, at an 
elevation of 6500 feet, where it was discovered by Griffith, 
who figured it in his " Icones Plantarum Asiaticarum," 
t. 485 (Posthumous Papers, vol. ii. p. 123, n. 396, and 
INotulse, part iv. p. 299)^ but without a name ; it is very 
nearly allied indeed to P. poculiformis in both habit and 
form of leaves, calyx and corolla, but is very much smaller 
in all its parts, with filiform petioles and scapes, and more 
rounded leaves. 

P. poculiformis (so named in reference to the form of 
the calyx) is probably a very variable plant. The earliest 
flowering specimens sent by Mr. Veitch were less hairy, 


and had rounder and nearly entire leaves, and very much 
smaller flowers than that here figured. It is an autumn- 
flowering species, and as it is no doubt hardy, it is sure to 
be a favourite. 

Desck. Softly hairy or nearly glabrous. Leaves many 
from the root, petioled, broadly ovate-oblong, cordate or 
rounded-cordate, membranous, margins lobulately-toothed 
or nearly entire, surface much raised between the deeply 
sunk reticulated nerves ; petiole two to four inches long. 
Scapes several from the rootstock, exceeding the leaves. 
Flowers drooping, umbellate ; bracts small, few, spreading, 
linear or subulate, very unequal ; pedicels very unequal in 
length, a quarter to one inch long, pubescent. Calyx small, 
between campanulate and funnel-shaped, obscurely five- 
angled, pubescent, mouth very shortly five-toothed, teeth 
very much broader than long, acute. Corolla-tube cylindric, 
twice as long as the calyx or more ; limb quite flat, one 
inch in diameter, pale lilac or purplish, throat with a very 
obscure thickening at the mouth, segment obcordate with 
rounded lobes. Ovary globose. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, ovary : — both enlarged. 


tei nth 

Vmcent Brooks «c Son Bnp 

LRseTt & CS Lo^cL-a 

Tab. 6583. 
DROSEBA capensis. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. Dbosehace.e. 
Genus Dboseba, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 662.) 

Dboseba (Rossolis) capensis; caule brevi lignescente simplici apice folioso, foliis 
rosulatis longe petiolatis lorifbrmibus obtusis longe setoso-glandulosis, stipulis 
connatis membranaceis, scapo elato pilosulo, racemo elongato multifloro ante 
anthesin deflexo,floribus breviter pedicellatis araplis roseis, sepalis oblongis 
obtusjs glandulosis, petalis orbiculari-obovatis apice rotundatis, antberis trian- 
gulari-ovatis connectivo incrassato, ovario ellipsoideo 3-sulcato glaberrimo, 
stylis 3 sessilibus ad basin 2-fidis segmentis filiformibas patenti-iacurvis, 
stigmatibus capitellatis, placentis 3. 

D. capensis, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 403 ; Burnt. PI. Afr. t. 75, f. 1 ; Berq. Fl. Cap. 
p. 81; TAunb. Diss. p. 6, Flor. Capens. p. 620; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 318; 
Planch, in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 3, vol. ix. p. 196 ; Wan. et Sond. Fl. Cap. 
vol. i. p. 77 ; Belgique Hortic. 1880, 1. 16 ; Gard. Chron. N.S., vol. iv. p. 105, 
f. 20 B. * 

The genus Drosera, though so widely spread over the 
cold and hot regions of the globe, does not abound in 
species in any one country, except Australia, which contains 
about half the known species, forty-one being described in 
the " Flora Australiensis." Next to this country the Cape 
of Good Hope with eight is perhaps the richest for its 
area. Unlike the European Droseras, many of those of the 
Cape and Australia inhabit places which are wet only 
during the rainy season, and are burnt up during the dry, 
which renders these species difficult of cultivation under 
artificial conditions. Of these again some have hyber- 
nating roots, needing no water during the season of rest, 
whilst others have woody stems or rhizomes, with minute 
fibrillous roots that penetrate far for water, and supply the 
little that is needed for the life of the winter bud. 

D. cape?isis is apparently one of the latter class, and its 
woody short stock or stem resembles that of Drosophyllum 

OCTOBER lST 3 1881. 

(Tab. 5796), which grows in places that are wet in spring 
and winter, bnt very dry in summer. 

Some of the noblest forms of Bovseracece are found at 
the Cape, but have never been introduced ; such are Drosera 
paucifora and cistiflora, with petals sometimes an inch 
long, with a dark spot at the base, and the two species of 
the genus Roridula, which are shrubs, and of which one is 
used as a " Fly-catcher " by the Boers in their rooms. 

D. capensis w T as introduced by Messrs. Veitch ; it 
flowered in a cool greenhouse in the Royal Gardens in 
July. Native specimens attain eighteen inches in height, 
with several scapes, and leaves six to ten inches long. 

Desce. Stem one or two inches high, erect, simple, 
clothed with remains of leaf-bases and stipules. Leaves 
crowded at the top of the stem, four to eight inches long, 
spreading ; blade as long as the petiole, one-fourth of an 
inch wide, strap-shaped, obtuse, clothed with long red 
gland-tipped hairs; petiole stout, hairy. Scape stout, much 
longer than the leaves, hairy and slightly glandular. Raceme 
three to six inches long, many-flowered, sharply decurved 
before flowering, ascending as the flowers open. Flowers 
opening one at a time, an inch in diameter, pale rose-red ; 
pedicels short. Sepals elliptic-oblong, obtuse. Petals 
orbicular-obovate. Anthers with a broad connective and 
the cells spreading below. Ovary oblong, three-grooved, 
with three placentas ; stigmas three, divided to the base 
into two spreading and then ascending filiform divisions, 
each with a capitate stigma. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, glandular ovule ; 3, stamens ; 4, ovary ; 5, transverse 
section of ditto :— all enlarged. 


^oteDay&Sonkip ve &. C? London 

Tab. 6584. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Palmeje. — Tribe Arecineje. 
Genus Nunnezharia, Ruiz et Pav. ; (Prodr. 147, p. 31.) 

Nttnnezharia tenella ; pygmsea, dioica, caudice gracile stricto erecto, foliis obovato- 
oblongis apice 2-fidis lobis acutis convexis marginibus recurves obscure crenato- 
serratis, nervis utrinque 8-10 profunde impressis, petiolo brevi, vagina pollicari, 
spadicibus simplicibns gracilibus elongatis pendulis, fcemineis gracilioribus 
laxius floriferis, spatha basilar! pedunculo gracili multo breviore ceteris brevibus 
lanceolatis, floribus masculis oblongo obovoideis in spicam elongatam dispositis, 
sepalis brevissimis multo longioribus quam latis, petalisobovatis basi connatis 
apicibus cohi-erentibus marginibus supra basin remotis, staminibus 6 basi 
petalorum insertis, filamentis subulatis, antlieris oblongis, ovarii rudimento 
columnari, floribus fcemineis globosis calyce maris, petalis orbicularis concavis 
late imbricatis, staminodiis minutis, ovario globoso _ 3-loculari, stigmatibus 
brevissimis, baccis pisiformibus glaberrimis luride viridibus. 

Ciiasledoeea tenella, Wendl. in Gartenflora, 1880, p. 102. 

This is perhaps the smallest known Palm. Our male 
specimen is exactly nine inches high ; and the female seven, 
yet it ripened its fruit well. It belongs to a section of 
the genus with the sexes on different plants, but of all 
the subgenera or tribes, described as genera by (Ersted, 
I cannot refer it to any. 

I regret having to give the clumsy name of Nunnezharia 
the preference over the well-known and more euphonious 
one of Chammdorea, but as it has the priority by nearly 
thirty years, and the genus is extremely well described 
under that name by the learned author of the .Mora of 
Peru and Chili, no other course is open to me; Willdenow 
indeed reduced it for euphony's sake to Nunnezia, but no 
author has followed him. Nunnezharia tenella was intro- 
duced from Mexico into the Botanic Garden of Zurich by 
M. Ortegris, and from thence into the Royal Botanic Gardens 
of Herrenhausen, in Hanover, by Dr. Wendland, to whom 
the Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted for the specimens 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1881. 

here figured, which were received in 1879, and flowered in 
April of the present year. 

Desce. A diminutive Palm, a span high, erect, stout for 
its size, dark green, glabrous. Caudex rooting from the 
lower nodes, as thick as a goose-quill, clothed above with 
the leaf sheathes. Leaves shortly petioled, four to five 
inches long by three broad, spreading, convex, obovate- 
oblong, remotely obtusely serrate, bifid for one-third of 
their length, the segments and sinus acute, base rounded ; 
nerves eight or nine pair, straight, deeply impressed ; 
petiole one-fourth to one-half an inch long, grooved above ; 
sheath about an inch long, cylindric, smooth, mouth with 
a brown membranous border. Spadixes as long as the 
palm, drooping, slender, unbranched ; males longest, with 
most numerous and much the largest flowers ; rachis 
slender but stouter than the peduncle, yellowish ; peduncle 
very slender; spathes membranous, linear-lanceolate, the 
lowest not half the length of the peduncle. Flowers spiked, 
ebracteate and ebracteolate, yellow ; male one-twelfth of an 
inch long. Calyx a very shallow three-lobed membranous 
cup. Petals thinly fleshy, obovate-oblong, obtuse, cohering by 
their tips, connate at the base, the margins not juxtaposed 
above the base, but leaving a space between the contiguous 
pairs. Stamens attached to the base of the petals, filaments 
subulate ; anthers oblong. Rudimentary ovary columnar. 
Female flowers minute, fewer on the spadix and more 
scattered than the males, globose. Calyx as in the male. 
Petals orbicular, imbricate, and closely embracing the 
globose ovary. Staminodes minute. Ovary three-celled ; 
stigmas minute, recurved; ovules attached below the 
middle of the septum. Berry globose, one-third of an inch 
in diameter, almost black-green, smooth, shining, one- 
seeded. Seed erect, globose.—/. D. H. 

. F, g; _A, reduced figure of male plant; B, leaf and male spadix of the natural 
size; C, female spadix of the natural size. 1, male flower ; 2, two petals of same 
and four stamens; 3, stamen; 4, female flower; 5, vertical, and 6, transverse 
section of ovary ; 7, vertical section of fruit :— all enlarged. 


L Reeve ^C° London 

Tab. 6585. 
babiana socotrana. 

Native of the Island of Socotra. 

Hah Ord. Ibidem. 
Genus Babiana, Ker.; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Lond. vo!. xvi, p. 1G4.) 

Babiana socotrana ; parvula, acaulis, glaberrima, bulbi tunica reticulatim fibrosa, 
foliis anguste lanceolatis sensim acuminatis rigidulis plioatis et striato-nerrosis, 
floribus solitariis parvis inter folia sessilibus, spatba? valvis Hnearibus, peri- 
antbii tubo elongato gracillimo, limbo bilabiato ringente pallide violaceo, 
segmentis elliptico-lanceolatis acutis. 

This is one of the most remarkable discoveries of Dr. I. B. 
Balfour's exploration of the Island of Socotra in 1879-80; 
the genus Babiana being previously known as South African 
only, though extending from the Cape itself as far north 
as the Transvaal. 

Hence in respect of the distribution of Cape types of 
vegetation, the occurrence of a Babiana to the north of 
the Equator, and especially so far east as the Arabian Sea, 
is a very interesting fact ; for it is another instance of that 
botanical affinity of Socotra with the Cape which I have 
alluded to under Begonia socotrana (Tab. 6555). Singu- 
larly enough, no species of the genus occurs in Angola, or 
any of the collections from the Lake regions of Central 
Africa, where, however, it may be expected to occur when 
these are better botanically explored. 

I can find no generic difference at all between B. socotrana 
and the South African Babianas ; it is, however, much the 
smallest known species of the genus, and is one of the few 
that is perfectly glabrous. Its nearest affinity is with B. 
plicata (Tab. 576). 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Balfour for bulbs 
of this plant, which flowered in September, 1880, in the 

OCTOBER 1ST. 1881 

Descr. Perfectly glabrous, stemless, three to four inches 
high. Bulbs one-half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 
subglobose, suddenly narrowed into a neck half an inch long, 
clothed with firmly reticulated brown fibres. Leaves bifa- 
rious, three to four inches long by three-quarters of an inch 
broad, narrowly lanceolate, gradually acuminate from beyond 
the middle, rigid, plaited, and with many strong nerves; 
petiole oblique, broad, compressed. Flower* solitary, almost 
sessile, the ovary being sunk amongst the uppermost leaves. 
Spathes linear. Perianth-tube an inch and a quarter long, 
very slender ; limb nearly one inch broad, pale violet-blue, 
distinctly two-lipped ; segments elliptic, acute, nearly equal. 
Stigmas not much protruded, deep violet-blue. — /. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Reticulate fibres of the bulbs ; 2, petiole of leaf, spathe,-and perianth-tube; 
3, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6586. 

ARISTOLOCHIA altissima. 

Native of Sicily and Algeria. 


Genus Aristolochia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 123.) 

Abistolochia (Diplolobus) altissima ; herba v. suffrutex volubilis, gracilis, gla- 
berrima, caule basi fruticoso 6-gono, foliis petiolatis persistentibus rigidulis 
nitidis ovato-cordatis 5-7-nerviis undulatis acutis v. obtusis sinu lato v. angusto, 
lobis rotundatis, nervis reticulatis, floribus axillaribus solitaries longe gracile 
pedunculatis folia non excedentibus, ovario clavato 6-gono, periantbii utriculo 
parvo globoso, tubo elongato curvo e basi sensim ampliato, limbi ore valde 
obliquo ovato-lanceolato subacute tubo breviore, marginibus inferne recurvis. 

A. altissima, Desf. Fl. Atlant. vol. ii. p. 324, t. 249 ; Guss. Synops. Fl. Siculce, 
vol. ii. pars i. p. 559 ; Bertol. FL Ital. vol. ix. p. 641 ; Duchartre in DC. 
Prodr. vol. xv. pars i. p. 489 ; Boiss. Flor. Orient, vol. iv. p. 1075. 

This is a hardy climber, well worthy of cultivation on 
account. of its bright-green glossy foliage and very elegant 
habit. It has a pretty wide geographical range from 
Algeria, Sicily, and the kingdom of Naples to Greece, 
Cyprus, the Lebanon and Antilebanon. 

The flowering time of this plant seems very capricious. 
In De Candolle's Prodromus it is said to flower in Algeria 
in December, and in May and June or throughout the year 
in Sicily; at Kew and in Paris it blossoms in June, July, 
and August, and I have seen flowering specimens from 
Algeria which are dated May. It would thus appear to 
have in the Mediterranean region a flowering season of at 
least eight months. 

Aristolochia altissima has been long cultivated at Kew, 
though it does not appear in Alton's " Hortus Kewensis." 
It has stood against an East wall throughout the last two 
severe winters, though cut to the ground, where its roots 
were protected by a little cocoa-nut refuse. It flowers 

OCTCJBJiK 1st, 1881. 

Desck. A glabrous slender twiner, growing eight feet 
high, copiously leafy. Stem woody below, branches six- 
angled. Leaves petioled, two to three inches long, ovate- 
cordate, obtuse or acute, waved, thinly rigid, bright glossy 
green, basal lobes rounded, sinus broad or narrow, nerves 
five to seven strong beneath, both surfaces finely reticu- 
lated ; petiole one-half to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Floivers on slender pedicels, about half as long as the 
leaves. Ovary club-shaped, pubescent, six- ribbed. Perianth 
about one and a half inch long, curved almost in a semi- 
circle, pale yellow-brown, striped with dark red-brown ; 
utricular base of the perianth globose, tube gradually 
enlarged from the base to the elongate ovate oblique limb, 
which is obtuse and yellow within, margins recurved 
Crown of stigma very short, of six small broadly ovate 
lobes, beneath which is the ring of small sessile anthers. — 
J. & H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, ovary ; 3, transverse section of ditto : — all 


Tab. 6587. 
VERONICA carnosula. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophulari:ne.e.— Tribe Digitale,e. 
Genus Veronica, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 964.) 

Veeonica (Decussatse) carnosula; fruticulus fere glaberrimus, robustus, ramoaus, 
albo-glaucescens, erectus v. decumbens, ramis oppositis ereetis inferioribus 
crebre cicatricatis, ramulis glabris v. puberulis, foliis imbricatis sessilibus 
erecto-patentibus ellipticis concavis crasse camosis integerrimis enerviis subtus 
ecarinatis, spicis confertis axillaribus et subterminalibus pedunculatis brevibus 
subglobosis densifloris glabris v. puberulis, floribus sessilibus, bracteis coriaceis 
sepalisque oblongis obtusis puberulis, corolla alba lobis lateralibus et antico 
rotundatis, dorsali oblongo, capsula acuta glabra. 

V. carnosula, Hook.f. Handbook of Neio Zealand Flora, p. 210. 

V. Isevis, var. j8 carnosula, Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zeald. vol. i. p. 194. 

The distinguishing characters of the shrubby Speedwells 
of New Zealand are very difficult to define when examined 
in a living state, and impossible in the dry. Indeed, I 
think it probable that future investigators may find 
material that will unite several of them, and amongst these 
V. carnosula with V. pinguifolia (Tab. 6147). As grown 
at Kew, these two are distinguished at once by the glaucous 
almost white colour of V. carnosula, in contrast with the 
deep green of 'pinguifolia, but in the Herbarium their best 
diagnostic character is the acute glabrous ovate capsule of 
the latter, as compared with the obovate oblong rounded 
or emarginate one of the latter. Both approach closely 
to V. Icevis, Benth., and buxifolia, Benth., which have 
keeled leaves, like those of another very closely-allied 
plant, V. Traversii (Tab. 6390); and all are referable to 
the type of the New Zealand V. elUptica, Forst., discovered 
during Cook's second voyage, and which inhabits also 
Fuegia (specimens from whence are described as V. <1rrussata 
by Aiton in the " Hortus Kewensis "). Baron Mueller has 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1881. 

indeed, as stated under V. Traversii, united most of these 
and others with V. elliptica, under the common name of 
V. Forsteri. 

V. carnosula is a native of the Middle Island of New 
Zealand; it was discovered by the late Mr. Bidwill 
in the mountains of the Nelson province, where it ranges 
from 2200 to 5000 feet, flowering in January. It was, I 
believe, first raised in Britain by the veteran horticulturist, 
Mr. I. A. Henry, of Hay Lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh, and 
is now not uncommon in gardens under the name of V. 
pinguifolia. It is not quite hardy at Kew, but very nearly 
so, and flowers in the open border in July and August. 

Descr. A small robust much-branched erect or decum- 
bent whitish shrub, glabrous or nearly so ; branches scarred 
by the fall of the old leaves. Leaves spreading and imbri- 
cate, one-fourth to one-half of an inch long, sessile, elliptic 
or obovate, obtuse, quite entire, concave, very thickly 
leathery, without midrib or nerves on either surface. 
Spikes subglobose, axillary, peduncled, three-fourths of an 
inch in diameter; peduncle stout, longer or shorter than 
the leaves. Flowers white, sessile, one-third of an inch in 
diameter ; bracts coriaceous, oblong, about as long as the 
oblong calyx segments; both puberulous. Corolla-tube 
very short; lobes spreading, two lateral and anticous 
rounded obtuse, posticous oblong rounded at the tip. 
Anthers reddish-yellow. Capsule (in dried specimen) ovoid, 
acute, glabrous.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1 bract, calyx, and style; 2, flower; 3, stamens; 4, ovary; 5, narrower 
s t-ut ion ot ditto:— all enlarged. 



Tab. 6588. 
CAMPANULA Allionii. 

Native of the Alps of Piedmont and Savoy. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace^:. — Tribe Campanule.e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 501.) 

Campanula (Medium) Allionii ; humilis, pilosiuscula, rhizomate elongato ramulos 
foliosos breves emittente, caulibussimplicibus 1-floris basi foliosis, foliis rosulatis 
linearibus obtusis v. subacutis fere integerrimis primariis obovato-spathulatis, 
caulinis paucis linearibus basi lata sessilibus, flore magno nutante, lobis calyeinis 
ovato- v. lineari-lanceolatis acutis, sinubus appendicibus pilosis reflexis obtusis, 
corolla campanulata ampla, ovario 3-loculari. 

C. Allionii, Villars Fl. Delph. p. 18, 'Fl. Dauph. vol. i. pp. 302, 383, et vol. ii. 
p. 512, t. 10; DC. Fl. Franc, n. 2851 ; Alph. DC. Frodr. vol. vii. 
p. 461 ; Beichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. xix. t. 1591. 

C. alpestris, Allioni Fl. Pedem. p. 113, t. 6, f. 3, non Lapeyr. 

C. nana, Bamh. Diet. vol. i. p. 585. 

The habit of this local and very beautiful campanula is 
peculiar, the stem proper consisting of an underground 
branching rhizome, which gives off numerous rather distant 
leafing and flowering stems a few inches high, each bearing 
a flower, which is the largest for the size of the plant of 
any species of the genus. This habit adapts it well for its 
chosen habitats, which are the moving slopes of soil at the 
bases of precipices. Its range in the Alps is confined to 
those of Piedmont and Savoy, two of its principal stations 
being Mont Cenis and Mont Ventoux. 

C. Allionii was introduced by G. Maw, Esq., who sent 
me the specimen here figured in June, 1879, from his rich 
garden at Brosely in Shropshire. 

Descr. Rootstoch subterranean, slender, creeping, sending 
out rather distant leafing and flowering steins three to five 
inches high. Leaves few, lower crowded or rosulate, one 
to two inches long, linear from a broad sessile base, slightly 

ocxobee 1st, 1881. 

hairy or hispid, obtuse or subacute, quite entire, midrib 
distinct; there are often below the ordinary leaves a few 
obovate spathulate ones, which are the first formed on the 
shoots ; cauline leaves one or two, like the lower but more 
erect. Flowering-stem rather stout, hispid or glabrescent. 
Flower inclined or nodding, nearly an inch and a half long, 
and as broad across the mouth. Calyx-lobes ovate- or 
linear-lanceolate, acute, spreading and recurved, green, 
hispid, half as long as the corolla ; sinuses with a reflexed 
broadly ovate hispid appendage. Corolla bright violet-blue, 
mouth open, tube hardly angled ; lobes triangular ovate, 
recurved, about one-third the length of the tube, slightly 
bearded at the tips. Stamens with a very short two-lobed 
pubescent filament, which is broader than long ; anther 
slender. Ovary three-celled ; style short, slender, stigmas 
linear revolute. — J. D. H. 

iig. 1. Vortical section of flower, of the natural size; 2, stamens ; 3, ovary, style, 
and stigma; 4, stigmas ; 5, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


"Vincent I ■ 

Tab. 6589. 
AGAVE Hookkri. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllidace^:. — Tribe Agaves. 
Genus Agave, Linn.; ( Kurd h JS num. vol. v. p. 818.) 

Agave (Euagave) Hookeri ; acaulis, foliis 30-40 dense rosulatis lanceolatis coriaceo- 
carnosis 4-5-pedalibus viridibus (junioribus solum leviter glauco tinctis) e 
medio 6-8 poll, lato ad spinara validam terminalem secus margines breviter 
decurrentera sensim angustatis, aculeis marginalibus corneis brunneis deltoideo- 
cuspidatis modice validis, pedunculo crasso 30-pedali, floribus in paniculam 
rhomboideam ramis dense corymbosis dispositis, pedicellis seiiiipolliearibus, 
bracteolis scariosis lanceolatis, ovario cylindrico-trigono sesquipollicari, perianthii 
tubo brevissimo, segmentis lanceolatis luteis ovario sequilongis, filamentis limbo 
duplo longioribus, antheris magnis linearibus, stylo demum staininibus 

A. Hookeri, Jacobi in Hamburg Gartenzeit. vol. xxii. p. 1G8 ; Monogr. p. 219 ; 
Baker in Gard. Chron. 1877, vol. ii. p. 718. 

A. Fenzliana, Jacobi in Hamburg Gartenzeit. vol. xxii. p. 170. 

A. insequidens, K. Koch in Wochenschrift, 1860, p. 28 P 

This is one of the giant Agaves of the Americana group, 
which flowered for the first time, so far as botanical records 
extend, at Kew last year, and our drawing is made from a 
specimen which, for the six winter months, was one of the 
principal attractions of the Palm House. When the veteran 
monographer of the genus Agave, Lieutenant-General von 
Jacobi, visited Kew about the year 1865, he found in our 
collection three new species, which he named Hookeri, 
Thomsonian a, and Smithiana. The original type of Hookeri, 
from which his diagnosis and description, which were 
published in the " Hamburg Gartenzeitung " in 1866, were 
drawn up, w^e still possess, but it has never flowered. The 
present specimen belonged to Mr. Wilson Saunders, and 
differs a little from the type by its smaller and more distant 
prickles. I feel satisfied that Jacobi's Agave Fenzliana is 
the same species, and think they will most likely both prove 

NOVEMBEK 1ST, 1881. 

to be con specific with, the A. ineequidens of Dr. Karl Koch, 
described from flowerless specimens in the Berlin Botanic 
Garden in 1860. 

Descr. Acaulescent. Leaves thirty or forty in a rosette, 
lanceolate, firm in texture for the genus, four or five feet 
long, six to nine inches broad at the middle, green with 
only a slight glaucous tinge in a young stage, narrowed 
gradually to a pungent brown end-spine above an inch long, 
which is decurrent along the edges as a narrow entire 
brown horny line, for four or six inches, a quarter of an 
inch thick in the middle, three or four inches thick at the 
base, the marginal prickles deltoid-cuspidate, dark brown, 
an eighth or a six of an inch long. Inflorescence thirty feet 
long, the peduncle four or five inclies thick at the base, 
furnished with numerous lanceolate squarrose bract-leaves. 
Panicle rhomboid, four or five feet long by a couple of feet 
in diameter; flowers arranged in dense corymbs at the end 
of the spreading or ascending branches ; pedicels reaching 
half an inch in length ; bract eoles lanceolate, scariose. 
Ovary cylindrical-trigonous, green, an inch and a half long ; 
perianth-tube very short; segments lanceolate, pale yellow, 
as long as the ovary. Filaments twice as long as the 
perianth-segments ; anthers linear, under an inch long. 
Style not developed till after the anthers, finally as long as 
the filaments. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Flower, natural size; 2, anther, enlarged; 3, vertical section of developed 
ovary, natural size. 


Vincent BrocksDay i-Soninp 

iBmen ^C^loack 

Tab. 6590. 

CAMPANULA Tommasiniana. 

Native of Istria. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace.e. — Tribe Campanule^e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 561.) 

Campanula (Eucodon) Tommisiniana ; glaberrima, caulibus e rbizomate confertis 
erectis _ simplicibus gracillirnis, foliis radicalibus nullis, caulinis patulis et 
decurvis sessilibus v. breviter petiolatis lineari-laneeolatis acuminatis grosse 
serratis, floribus racemosis secundis gracile pedicellatis nutantibus, calycis tubo 
obconico, limbi lobis brevibus subulatis integerrimis v. crenatis, corollse 
campanulatee tubo cylindraeeo, lobis brevibus triangularibus v. oblongis obtusis 
v. subacutis. 

C. Tommasiniana, Renter Cat. Hort. Genev. 1865, p. 4. 

C. Waldsteiuiana, var. Freyeri, Reichb.f. Ic. Flor. Germ. vol. xix. p. 117, t. 601. 

Though long known under the name of Campanula 
Waldsteiniana, this would seem to be a different plant from 
the Croatian one published under that name. It was first 
recognized as an undescribed species by Dr. Keuter, of 
Geneva, who described it from specimens cultivated in the 
Botanical Gardens of that city under the former name, and 
who called it after the eminent botanist who seems to have 
discovered it. Its native country is Monte Maggiore in 
Istria, whence it was sent, under the name of Waldsteiniana, 
to M. Boissier, by whom specimens were communicated 
from his garden in Valeyres to M. J. Gay in 1856, and 
which are preserved in the Kew Herbarium. The true C. 
Waldsteiniana appears to be a much smaller species, with 
few flowers, obtuse lower leaves, and a shorter broader 
corolla, cleft half-way down into narrower and more acute 
lobes. I have seen no authentic specimens of it. 

G. Tommasiniana is quite hardy ; it has been cultivated 
for some years at Kew in the open border, and flowers 
profusely in the month of August. 

Desck. Quite glabrous. Stems numerous from a small 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1881. 

perennial rootstock, six to ten inches high, very slender, 
strict or flexuons, subsimple. Radical leaves none ; cauline 
numerous, one to two inches long, narrowly lanceolate, 
acuminate, sessile or narrowed into a short petiole, serrate. 
Flowers numerous, racemose towards the tips of the stems, 
secund, drooping, on slender pedicels, which are one-half 
to two-thirds of an inch long. Calyx short, obconic, 
without folds between the lobes, which are very slender, 
subulate, spreading or recurved, and quite entire or sub- 
crenate. Corolla one-half to three-fourths of an inch long, 
cylindric-campanulate, pale blue; lobes short, triangular- 
oblong, obtuse or subacute, slightly spreading. Stamens 
with pubescent filaments dilated at the base; anthers linear. 
Style slender ; stigma cylindric. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut open vertically; 2, front, and 3, back view of stamens; 
4, stigma ; 5, transverse section of ovary ; 6, ovules :— all enlarged. 



Tab. 6591. 
DENDROBIUM Treacherianum. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide.e. — Tribe Dendeobie^:. 
Genus Dendeobium, Swartz ; (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 74.) 

Dexdbobifm Treacherianum; rhizomate repente, pseudobulbis ovoideis curvis 
obtuse 5-6-gonis faciebus concavis pallide viridibus rubro-tinctis, foliis 2-nis 
oblongis v. lineari-oblongis obtusis v. apice emarginatis coriaceis luride 
viridibus, scapo gracili paueifloro, vaginis membranaceis elongatis, floribus 
erectis sesquipollicaribus, bracteis angustis membranaceis ovarium gracile 
vacjinantibus et sequantibus, sepalis porrectis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis 
pallide roseis lateralibus basi dilatatis in gibbum subbemispbericum purpureo- 
striatutn connatis, petalis sepalo dorsali consimilibus et sequantibus, labello 
petalis breviore 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus angustis antiee truncatis angulo obtuso, 
intermedio elongate lineari-oblongo acuminate membranaceo, disco 5-7-carinato 
carinis subcristatis, mento obtuso, columna elongata apice 3-lida. 

IX Treacherianum, Reichb.f. MSS. 

This remarkable form of Dendrobe belongs to the section 
with creeping rhizomes and two-leaved pseudobulbs, which 
imitate the Bolbojihylla, and frequent the same forests in 
the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. Its nearest ally is 
the Bornean D. ccelogynoides, Rchb. f. It is a native of 
Borneo, and was imported from thence by Messrs. Low, 
of Clapton, and named in compliment to W. H. Treacher, 
Esq., Colonial Secretary, Labuan. The specimen here 
figured was communicated by Messrs. Low in July last. 

Descr. Rhizome stout, creeping. Pseudobulbs numerous, 
crowded, two to three inches long, ovoid, curved, five- or 
six-angled, the angles prominent and rounded, the faces 
very unequal, concave and smooth, dull brownish green, 
with blood-red stains chiefly towards the tips and down 
the angles. Leaves in pairs, three to four inches long by 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch broad, linear-oblong, 
coriaceous, stiff, tip rounded or notched, keeled at the back, 
striate, dull dark green ; sheaths at the base subcylindric. 

novembee 1st, 1881. 

Scape terminal on the pseudobulb, stiff, slender, un- 
branched, two- to three-flowered ; sheaths cylindric, 
elongate, red-brown, membranous, closely embracing the 
scape. Bracts as long as the ovary, like the sheaths 
membranous, deciduous. Peduncles curved, together with 
the slender ovary nearly an inch long. Flower suberect, 
upwards of one and a half inch long, pale rose-red, sepals 
and petals all pointing forward or slightly recurved, mem- 
branous. Sepals narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, dorsal 
straight ; lateral connate at the dilated bases into a rounded 
gibbosity or obtuse spur striped with red, margins recurved. 
Petals like the dorsal sepal and as long. Lip rather 
shorter than the petals and darker red, three-lobed ; lateral 
lobes narrow, equalling the column, anterior angles 
prominent, rounded ; mid-lobe linear-oblong, rather dilated 
beyond the middle, then acuminate, three-ridged down the 
middle, margins membranous. Column rather long, trifid 
at the top, dorsal lobe as long as the anther-case. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Column and lip ; 2, column; 3, pollen masses : — all enlarged. 


VmcentBroola DayA-Sonlmp 

1 Reeve & C? London. 

Tab. 6592. 
OLEARIA Haastii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Asteboidete. 
Genus Oleabia, Mcench.; [Benth. et Hook./. Gen, PL vol. ii. p. 276.) 

Oleabia Haastii ; fruticosa v. arborea, robusta, foliosa, ramulis canis, foliis breviter 
petiolatis crasse coriaceis ellipticis v. ovato- v. lineari-oblongis obtusis v. sub- 
acutis integerrimis supra glabris luride viridibus.subtus appresse albo tomentosis, 
nervis creberrime reticulatis utrinque obscuris, cymis numerosis laxis gracile 
pedunculatis corymbiformibus polyceplialis, capitulis breviter pedicellatis pauci- 
floris, involucri cylindraceo-campanulati squamis duris canis oblongis obtusis, 
ligulis^ 3-5 albis elliptico-oblongis obtusis, pappi setis insequilongis albis, 
acheniis angustis vix compressis subsericeis. 

O. Haastii, HooJc.f. Handbook of New Zealand Flora, pp. 127, 732; Masters in 
Gard. Chron. 1872, p. 1195, cum ic. xylog. 

Tliis is one of the very few New Zealand plants which 
has proved hitherto to be perfectly hardy in the East of 
England ; it was introduced in 1858 by the elder Veitch, 
of Exeter, when I proposed for it the name of Eurybia 
parvifolia ; but it was subsequently described from native 
specimens by myself in 1864, under the name it now bears. 
In New Zealand it forms a small bushy tree with very 
stout branches, densely clothed with deep green foliage, 
and of a rounded form, powdered over with the numerous 
flower-heads. It has been found only in the mountains 
of the Middle Island, from the province of Canterbury, at 
4000 to 5000 feet elevation, to Otago, varying a good 
deal in habit and foliage; specimens from the northern 
locality being more stout, with short broad leaves, like 
those of our plate, whilst those from the Otago province 
have larger heads of flowers, and oblong-lanceolate leaves 
two inches long. 

The genus OJearia (which includes Eurybia) is a very 
large one, confined to New Zealand and Australia, where 

NOTEMBEE 1ST, 1881. 

many of the species are known as Daisy trees. Only two 
have hitherto been figured in the Botanical Magazine, 
namely, 0. Gunniana (Tab. 4638), a Tasmanian species, 
which has been cultivated for many years against a wall at 
Kew (where, however, it does not thrive) ; and 0. dentata 
(Tab. 5973), a very beautiful plant, a native of New 
South Wales, and which after standing for several years, 
I believe, in the open air at Kew, was killed by the cold 
winter of 1870. It was figured from plants cultivated in 
Scilly, where I hope it still lives. 

0. Haastii has been cultivated in England ever since its 
first introduction, but has not, as far as I am aware, 
reached the arboreous dimensions which it attains in New 
Zealand. It flowers in August and September. 

Descr. A stout large shrub or small tree, with thick 
woody branches, the ultimate ones hoary with appressed 
pubescence. Leaves crowded, three-quarters to one inch 
long, shortly petioled, elliptic or ovate- oblong, obtuse or 
subacute, very coriaceous, dull dark green above, white 
but not shining beneath, with firmly appressed down; 
nerves closely reticulate but obscure on both surfaces. 
Heads numerous, shortly pedicelled, in lax or dense subter- 
minal corymbose hoary cymes ; peduncles usually much 
longer than the leaves ; branches slender, with small leaves 
at the forks. Involucre one-fourth to one-third of an inch 
long, cylindric ; bracts erect, oblong, obtuse, hoary, 
margins scarious. Ray -flowers two to five, rarely more; 
ligule one-fourth of an inch long, elliptic-obloug, entire or 
minutely toothed at the tip, white. Dislc-floivers four to 
six or more, yellow. Pappus-hairs unequal, scabrid, white. 
Achenes narrow, hardly compressed, silky. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Head ; 2, involucral bracts ; 3, ray-flower ; 4, pappus-hair ; 5, style-arms 
of ray-flower ; 6, disk-flower : — all enlarged. 


Vincent Bro o\s& Day & S on J 

' &- C? London 

Tab. 6593. 
INCARVILLEA Koopmannii. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. BignoiJiace^:. — Tribe Tecome^e. 
Genus Incabvillea, Juss.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 662.) 

Incabvillea Koopmannii ; perennis, erecta, gracilis, glaberrima, caulibus simpli- 
ciusculis teretibus, foliis ovato-oblongis petiolatis pinnatisectis, segmentis 
lineari- v. oblongo-laneeolatis acuminatis integerrimis v. pauci-serratis superi- 
oribus 3-secfcis v. pinnatifidis, floribus paniculatis, pedicellis oppositis elongatis 
basi bracteatis, calyce parvo campanulato breviter 5-dentato, corollse magnae 
rosea? tubo a basi breviter cylindraceo elongato sensim ampliato. limbi obscure 
2-labiati 5-lobi lobis aequalibus rotundatis, antberaram loculis puberulis. 

I. Koopmannii, W. Lauche in Deutsche Gart. Monatschrift. 1880, 39, cum ic. ,- 
Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 725. 

This is a very interesting as well as beautiful plant, so 
closely resembling some states of the Himalayan Am/phicome 
arguta, that had it come from India it might hastily 
have been put down as a slight variety of that species. A 
comparison, however, with another very closely allied 
Turkestan plant, Incarvillea Olgce, Regel (Gartenfl. 1880, 
p. 3), suggests that it may be a link between Amphicome and 
Incarvillea, and indeed help to unite these genera. The 
generic characters of the two are, that Amphicome is 
perennial, with the wings of the seed split up into fine 
hairs, whilst Incarvillea is strictly an annual, with the 
membranous seed-wing quite entire. Now /. Olgw is 
described by Kegel as probably biennial, and having an 
oblong entire membranous wing to the seed ; and I. Koop- 
mannii is described by Lauche as a shrub with flat winged 
seeds. Thus the difference between these genera is reduced 
to the condition of the seed-wing, which assuredly does not 
coincide with habit, for that of the two Turkestan plants is 
very unlike Incarvillea and wholly that of Amphicome, as a 
comparison with A. Emodi of our plate 4890 shows. It is 

KOVEMBEE 1ST, 1881. 

a good instance of the late R. Brown's sagacity, that he 
induced Royle to reduce his proposed genus Amphicome 
(111. Bot. Himal. 295) to a subgenus of Incarvillea ; a 
course which Lindley did not adopt, when, in the Botanical 
Register (1838, t. 19), he restored it, giving Royle the 
authority for the generic name. 

I. Koojpmannii was discovered near Taschkend by the 
traveller whose name it bears, and was communicated to 
Kew by our excellent correspondent, Max Leichtlin, of 
Baden ; it flowered copiously in July, and remained in 
flower for several weeks against a warm wall. I retain it 
as a species distinct from L Olgce with great hesitation, 
suspecting it to be a luxuriant state of that plant. 

Descr. A slender, glabrous, green undershrub, two to 
three feet high, with several erect terete stems from a 
woody rootstock. Leaves two to four inches long, opposite, 
broadly oblong or ovate-oblong, petioled, pinnatiseet; 
segments sessile, falcately linear-oblong or lanceolate, acu- 
minate, quite entire or sparingly sharply serrate, chiefly 
towards the tip. Flowers in terminal panicles ; peduncles 
an inch long, erect, opposite or subopposite, bracteate at 
the base; lower bracts foliaceous, upper linear. Calyx one 
quarter of an inch long, campanulate, with five small 
triangular teeth. Corolla pale pink ; tube one and a half 
inches long, decurved, shortly cylindrical at the base, then 
gradually dilated to the nearly flat circular limb, which is 
one and a quarter inches in diameter, obscurely two-lipped, 
with six subequal orbicular lobes. Stamens inserted at the 
base of the dilated part of the corolla-tube; anthers 
divaricate, ciliate. Fruit not seen. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, base of corolla cut open and stamens ; 3, anther ; 4, ovary ; 
o, stigma : — all enlarged. 


"Vincent Brooks Dar&Son Imp 

L Reeve &C? London 

Tab. 6594 
CLEMATIS coccinea. 

Native of Texas. 

Nat. Ord. Ranuncclace^!. — Tribe Clematidejj. 
Genus Clematis, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. 5. p. 3.) 

Clematis roccinea ; glaberrima, caule gracillimo scandente ramoso, foliis tenuiter 
coriaceis graeile petiolatis 3-5-foliolatis, foliolis gracillime petiolulatis lateralibus 
late cvstis ovato-cordatisve obtusis apiculatis convexis subtus glaucis inte- 
gerrimis reticulatim venosis, terminali majore et latiore integro v. 3-lobo, 
floribus solitariis longissime pedunculitis coccineis, perianthio ovoideo, sepalis 
glaberritnis marginibus sericeo-tomentosis crasse coriaceis ovato-lanceolatis 
erectis apjeibus acutis recurvis, acbeniis villosis, caudis elongatis plumosis 

C. coccinea, Engelm. in Gray Plant. Wright, part ii. p. 7. 

C. Pitcheri, Carriere in Rev. Sortie. 1878, p. 10; non Torr. et Gr. 

C. Viorna var. coccinea, A. Gray, I. c. 

Putting aside the large-flowered Japanese species of 
Clematis, as G. fiorida, G. azurea, &c, this is decidedly the 
most attractive of all that have lately been introduced into 
Europe, and, in point of brilliant colour, it is quite unique 
in the genus. It was first considered by Professor Asa Gray 
as a variety of G. Viorna, an opinion which he has since 
abandoned, as will be seen by the appended key to the 
species of North American Clematis of this section with 
which he has favoured me, and which settles once for all 
that long-confused synonymy, to which I drew attention 
under Plate 6574. 

G. coccinea, is a native of Texas, and was received in 1880 
at the Royal Grardens from the rich gardens of Max 
Leichtlin at Baden, and flowered in a cool conservatory in 
June of the present year. It, however, appears to be 
perfectly hardy, and a plant of it has been placed against 
a S.E. wall, where it has, up to this time, grown freely. — 
J. D.H.' ____ 

Fig. 1, Stamens; 2, ovary -.—both enlarged. 
decembeb 1st, 1881. 

Review of the North American climbing species of Clematis, 
iffith compound leaves and thick or thiclush erect sepals. 

A. Sepals of the ovoid or somewhat conical and compara- 

tively closed flower very thick, softly leathery, glabrous 
or almost so (not canescent) except the inflexed mar- 
gins, their tips not dilated nor conspicuously thin- 
margined ; styles wholly persistent in fruit and plumose 

1. C. Viorna, L., of the Atlantic States east of the 
Mississippi; figured only by Dillenius and in Jacquin, 
Eclogia, tab. 32, by the former under the good character 
" flore violaceo clauso." The colour is usually of a dull 
reddish purple. 

2. C. coccinea, Engelm. in Gray, PI. Wright, vol. ii. p. 7, 
where I called it G. Viorna, var. coccinea. Carriere, in Rev. 
Hort. 1878, p. 10, has described and figured it nnder the 
quite erroneous name of G. Pitcheri, and it may have other 
names in cultivation. It is a native of Texas, and is 
known from G. Viorna by its scarlet-red flowers, glaucous 
foliage, and simpler as well as rounder and more reticu- 
lated leaflets. 

B. Sepals less thick, pointed and nearly marginless, exter- 

nally canescent; styles wholly persistent and very 
plumose to the tip. 

3. C. reticulata, Walt. Native of the Southern Atlantic 
States east of the Mississippi. The Texan specimens 
referred to it do not belong to this species, which is well 
marked by the above characters, and by the excessive and 
prominent reticulation of the firm coriaceous leaves. The 
G. reticulata figured in Watson, Dendr. Brit., as Lindley 
has stated, appears to be G. Viticella. Perhaps it is that 
hybrid between C. Viticella and G. integrifolia which is 
known in the gardens under the name of G. Hendersonii 

C. ovata, Pursh., of which the original specimens in Herb. 
Oxon. have leaves almost as reticulated as this when old, 
appears to be C. ochroleuca, Ait. 

C Sepals moderately thick and more expanding; styles 
(in flower and fruit) either naked or silky-pubescent, 

not plumose. — Here are two species, apparently only 
two, but both polymorphous, not nearly related to each 

4. C. Pitcheri, Torr. and Gray, Fl. N. Am. Ranges 
from the Mississippi River near St. Louis to Texas and 
Northern Mexico. The general character of the flowers 
and the conspicuous reticulation of the leaflets (especially 
in age and in exposed situations, when they become thin- 
coriaceous) have caused certain forms of this species to be 
confounded with C. reticulata, as in PI. Wright, ii. p. 7. 
But its characters are quite distinct. The calyx is more 
similar, but greener and less canescent. As to the carpels 
there are two forms, and transitions between them : one 
(leiostylis) with the filiform styles completely glabrous 
from the first ; in the other (lasiostylis) they are appressed- 
silky or villous, either only below or for their whole length. 
It is this latter form which has been mistaken for G. reticu- 
lata, yet it is also the one (from Arkansas) upon which 
G. Pitcheri was founded. Perhaps G. Bigelovii, Torr. and 
Gray in Pacif. R. R. Bxped. iv. 61, is the same ; but there 
is no specimen at Kew. In Mexico it passes into G. filifera, 
Benth. PI. Hartw. p. 285, which has also both glabrous and 
pilose styles. 

5. C. ortspa, L., founded wholly upon the " Clematis 
flore crispo " of Dillenius — the figure and description of 
which is unmistakable — inhabits the low country from 
North Carolina, and perhaps Virgiuia, to Eastern Texas. 
Well marked by its membranous foliage with lax venation, 
and by the conspicuous dilated and undulate margins to 
the upper and spreading part (commonly half) of the sepals 
when fully expanded. Styles always pubescent, sometimes 
as hairy a3 is represented in Gray, Gen. 111. tab. 2, never 
plumose. Here belong the figures in Bot. Mag. tab. 1892, and 
Bot. Reg. xxxii. tab. 60; G. cordata, Bot. Mag. tab. 1816 ; 
G. cylindrica, Bot. Mag. tab. 1160; also G. Viorna of Audi-. 
Bot. Rep. tab. 71. But the 0. crispa of Do Oandolle is 
the S. European G. campanifiora, G. parviflora, D.C. &c. 
The division and form of the leaflets is excessively variable ; 
moreover the species begins to blossom when low, erect, 
and quite herbaceous. 

Var. Walteri (the C. Walteri, Pursh., G. cylindrica, var. 
Waltcri, Torr. and Gray, &c.) is a very narrow-leaved form 
of this sort, and doubtless includes even the G. linearilota, 
D.C., figured by Delessert from a dried specimen with flower 
unnaturally outspread. — A. Gray, Herbarium, Kew, October 
2bth, 1881. 


-i-o - 



Tab. 6595. 
salvia columbaria. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Monabdeje. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; (Benth. et Book./. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1194.) 

Salvia (Echinosphace) columbaria; annua, pubescens y. tomentella, caule simplici 
erecto v. basi ramoso, foliis paucis radicalibus petiolatis oblongis pinnatifido- 
lobatis v. 1-2-pinflatifidis, caulinis paucis sessilibus lobatis, lobis rugosis obtusis, 
verticillastris 1-2 purpurascentibus involucrato-bracteatis densifloris, involucri 
foliolis late ovatis v. rotundatis brevibus rigidis spinescentibus recurvis 
integerrimis, bracteis consimilibiis membranaceis, floribus parvis, calycis oblongi 
hispidi tubo intus nudo, labio superiore 2-fido segmentis subulatis, inferiore 
multo breviore dentibus 2 recurvis spinescentibus, corolla azurea tubo calyce 
incluso, labio superiore emarginato v. 2-fido, inferiore 3-lobo lobis lateralibus 
brevibus latis, intermedio obcordato profunde 2-fido, filamentis gracilibus. 

S. columbaria?, Benth. Lab. Gen. et Sp. p. 302, et in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 349 ; 
S. Wats. Bot. of California, p. 599. 

A very common Calif ornian annual, remarkable, like so 
many of the annuals of tbat country, for the bright colour 
of its flowers, or rather of its whole inflorescence, which 
is quite amethystine. It has a wide rauge in America, 
west of the Rocky Mountains, abounding throughout 
California, and extending eastwards to Nevada and south- 
wards to Arizona. It is the " Chia " of the Aborigines, 
whose favourite drink was an infusion of the small seed-like 
fruits in water, to which they impart a mucilage. 

S. columbaria belongs to a very small section of the 
genus, which contains only one other species, and that also 
a Californian one, S. carduacea, Hook., figured at Plate 
4874 of this work, a noble plant introduced by Lobb in 
1855 (see Mr. Isaac Anderson Henry's note to tab. 4884), 
with fringed corolla-lobes, and a ring of hairs within the 
throat. 8. columbaria itself was introduced by Mr. 
Thompson of Ipswich in 1869; though stated to be a 
perennial in De Candolle's Prodromus, it is decidedly an 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1881. 

annual. The plant here figured flowered in the Herbaceous 
ground of the Royal Gardens in June of the present year. 
Its specific name was given from the similarity in habit 
and aspect to the common sheep's-bit scabious (Scabiosa 

Descr. A rather slender annual, a span to two feet high, 
puberulous or softly pubescent all over. Stem four-angled, 
simple or divided at the very base, or once trichotomously 
above. Leaves few, radical long-petioled, oblong, lobulate, 
pinnatifid or bipinnatifid, the divisions obtuse, ultimate 
short, rounded, surface wrinkled, nerves strong beneath ; 
cauline leaves at the base of the branches small, sessile, 
simply pinnatifid. Whorls of flowers solitary or two at the 
end of the stem and branches, one to one and a half inches 
in diameter, dense, hard, many-flowered, outer or involucral 
bracts many, imbricate, a third to half an inch long, rigid, 
broadly ovate, narrowed into stiff recurved spinous points, 
red-purple; inner erect and spinescent; inner bracts 
similar, but more membranous. Flowers not exserted 
beyond the bracts. Calyx oblong-cylindric, hispid, strongly 
ribbed, two-lipped one-third of the way down ; upper lip 
slightly arched, ending in two awl-shaped teeth, lower lip 
not half as long, recurved also with two awl-shaped teeth. 
Corolla-tube not exserted beyond the calyx; limb deep 
bright blue, one-third of an inch across the lips ; upper 
lip two-fid, short, reflexed, lower much larger, three-lobed, 
lateral lobes broad short rounded, terminal broadly obcor- 
date deeply bifid, the divisions spreading and rounded. 
Anthers not contiguous, connective divisions filiform, the 
upper protruded with a slender anther-cell ; lower half as 
long with a thickened tip. Stigmatic-arms long, slender.— 
J. D. H. 

Fig 1, Flower; 2, the same cut open longitudinally; 3, anther; 4, stigma; 
, millets : — all enlaraed. b 




\toc«nt Brook 

Tab. 6596. 
ALOE Perryi. 

Native of the Island of Socotra. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe Aloineje. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 152,) 

Aloe Perryi ; caule brevi simplici, foliis 12-20 dense rosulatis lanceolatis acumi- 
natis subpedalibus e basi ad apicem sensim angustatis glauco-viridibus rubro- 
tinctis facie canaliculars dentibus marginalibus deltoideo-cuspidatis parvis 
pallide brunneis, pedunculo deorsum applanato, racemis 1-3 oblongo-cylindricis, 
pedicellis flore 3-4-plo brevioribus, bracteis mimitis lanceolato-deltoideis, 
perianth it rubro-lutei pollicaris segmentis oblongis tubo cylindrico triplo 
brevioribus, genitalibus demum breviter exsertis. 

A. Perryi, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 161. 

The subject of the present plate is a plant of unusual 
interest. It is said that Aloes was known to the Greeks 
as a product of the island of Socotra as early as the fourth 
century before the Christian era; and yet till very recently 
no material has been obtained from which the botanical 
characters of the plant which yields the drug could be 
settled. In the absence of any precise information on the 
subject, botanists and pharmacists have supposed that the 
plant that furnished it was an Aloe which was figured in 
1697 by Commelinus from the Medical Garden at Amsterdam 
under the name of " Aloe Succotrina Angustlfolia 8/unosa 
flore purpurea" a species which was called Aloe vera by 
Philip Miller, and has been characterized by Lamarck and 
several later authors under the name of Aloe Succotrina. 
By the researches of Mr. Bolus this plant has now been 
ascertained to be really a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
and the Socotra Aloe proves to be a species confined to 
that island, closely allied in general habit to the well-known 
Barbadoes Aloe (Aloe vera, Linn. = A. barbadensis, Miller 
= A. vulgaris, Lam.), but differing in its shorter leaves, and 
especially in its flowers, which have a tube much longer 
than the segments, and are arranged in looser racemes, on 

DECEMBER IsT, 1881. 

longer pedicels. Our first specimens of the Socotra plant 
were brought to Kew in 1878 by Mr. Wykeham Perry, 
but these were without flower. A year later we had 
similar examples brought by Mr. Jas. Collins ; but for a full 
knowledge of the plant and of its best differential characters 
we are indebted to Professor Bayley Balfour of Glasgow, 
who made a thorough exploration of the island last year 
under the auspices of the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science, and brought home a collection 
of plants, which includes a large number of new genera 
and species. Our drawing is made from living plants pre- 
sented by Dr. Balfour to Kew, two of which flowered in 
the Succulent-house in the summer of the present year. 
He found it spread widely through the island, especially in 
the limestone tracts, ranging from sea-level to an altitude 
of 3000 feet ; and he has also found in small quantity what 
appears to be a second endemic Socotran species with 
dwarf er habit and spotted leaves. 

Descr. Trunk in the cultivated examples simple, about a 
foot in length, one and a half or two inches in diameter. 
Leaves twelve to twenty in a dense rosette, lanceolate, a 
foot long, three inches broad at the base, tapering gradually 
to an acuminate point, a dead rather glaucous green with a 
reddish tinge towards the edge, channelled all the way 
down the face, one-sixth of an inch thick in the centre, the 
small deltoid-cuspidate pale-brown marginal prickles about 
a quarter of an inch apart. Inflorescence one and a half or 
two feet long, generally with two or three forks, rarely 
simple ; peduncle purple-tinted, flattened towards the base ; 
racemes oblong-cylindrical, three to six inches long, two 
inches in diameter ; pedicels red, a quarter or a third of an 
inch long, the lower ones cernuous ; bracts lanceolate- 
deltoid, shorter than the pedicels. Perianth cylindrical, an 
inch long, bright red, with a green tip in an early stage, 
turning yellow as it matures; tube cylindrical, rather 
constricted at the middle ; segments oblong, a third as long 
as the tube. Stamens and style finally slightly exserted. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A flower complete; 2, back and front view of" anthers; 3, pistil; 4, hori- 
zontal section of ovary :— all more or less enlarged. 




Vincent Ercc 

L Reeve iC°l 

Tab. 6597. 
CALCEOLARIA Sinolairii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophularine.e.— Tribe Calceolabieje. 
Genus Calceolaria, Linn, ; (BentJi. et Hook./, Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 929.) 

Calceolaria (Jovellana) Sinclairii ,- pubescens, caulegracili, foliis longe petiolatis 
ovatis oblongisve subacutis v. obtusis membranaceis grosse crenato-serratis v. 
marginibus lobulatis lobulis dentatis basi rotundatis v. subcordatis, cytnis longe 
pedunculatis laxifloris, floribus subcorymbosis longe pedicellatis, calycis parvi 
lobis ovatis obtusis recurvis, corolla pallida intus rubro-punctata late rotundato- 
campanulata, labio superiore brevi emarginato, inferiore paullo longiore 
rotundato concavo obscure 3-lobo, tubo basi intus villoso, antheris didymis, 
rilamentis brevibus ima basi tubi insertis, ovario conico. 

C. Sinclairii, Hook. Ic. Plant, t. 561 ; Hook.f Flora of New Zealand, vol. i. p. 187; 
Handbook of New Zealand Flora, p. 201; Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. 
p. 206. 

The existence in New Zealand of two species of the 
otherwise peculiarly South American genus Calceolaria, is 
one of the many singular botanical features of the former 
country; nor is it the only instance of a strong affinity 
between these distant countries which is not shared by the 
Australian continent or its islands ; for it is repeated by the 
genera Fuchsia, Coriaria. 

Both the New Zealand Calceolarias belong to a very 
small American section of the genus which has the lips of 
the corolla bell-shaped and nearly equal, and of which 
species only four others are known, of which two have been 
figured in this work, G. viola cea (Tab. 4929) and G. punc- 
tata (Tab. 5392). Of these the former is very closely 
allied to the New Zealand plant, having the same spotted 
flowers, only rather larger, with a larger calyx and more 
depressed ovary, but it has very different leaves. 

G. Sinclairii was discovered at East Cape in the Northern 
Island of New Zealand by the late Dr. Sinclair, R.N., 
whilst Colonial Secretary, an ardent botanist, who fell a 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1881. 

sacrifice to his zeal, being drowned in crossing a swollen 
river in the province of Canterbury, when on a botanizing 
expedition with Dr. Von Haast. It has also been found at 
Hawke's Bay by Mr. Colenso. 

I am indebted to Mr. Isaac Anderson Henry for this very 
interesting plant ; he raised it from seed, which flowered in 
June of the present year at Hay Lodge, near Edinburgh ; 
and who has, since this plate was engraved, sent a specimen 
with twice as many flowers on the truss. The other New 
Zealand species, C. repens, Hook, f., is also a native of the 
Northern Island (forests of the Ruahine range) ; it is a small 
creeping very delicate and small-flowered plant. 

Desce. A tall very slender straggling herb, one to two feet 
high, pubescent all over. Stem rounded, weak, ascending, 
sparingly branched from the base. Leaves very membranous, 
long-petioled, two to four inches long, oblong or ovate- 
oblong, obtuse, crenate-toothed or lobulate on the margin, 
the teeth or lobules denticulate, base rounded or slightly 
cordate often oblique, dull green, under surface paler; 
petiole one to three inches long. Peduncles very long and 
slender, bearing loose subcorymbose heads of long pedicelled 
flowers. Calyx very small, about one-fourth of an inch in 
diameter ; lobes four, broadly ovate, subacute, spreading 
and. reflexed. Corolla puberulous, one-third to one-half of 
an inch in diameter, between hemispherical and campahu- 
late, shortly two-lipped, very pale lilac or flesh-coloured 
externally, within spotted with red-purple; upper lip 
emarginate, lower rather longer, concave, very obscurely 
three-lobed, tube villous at the base within. Stamens 
inserted at the very base of the tube, filaments very short ; 
anthers didymous. Ovary shortly conical, acute, pubescent. 
Capsule conical, membranous. — J D. H. 

Kg. 1, Base of corolla and stamens; 2, calyx and ovary ; 3, transverse section of 
ovary ;— all enlarged. 


r-, in? 

LTlesw & .V. 1 London 

Tab. 6598. 
PIPTOSPATHA insignts. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. AEOIDEJ5. — Tribe PfflLODENDEEiE. 

Genus Piptospatha, N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. 1879, vol. xi. p. 138.) 

Piptospatha insignts; pumila, acanlis, glaberrima, foliis anguste elliptico- 
lanceolatis acuminatis in petiolum breviorem erectum angnstatis coriaceis, 
costa valida, nervis paucis, petiolo basi dilatato breviter vaginante, squamis 
spatbaceis membranaceis roseis denum brunneis, scapis robustis petiolis 
longioribus, spatha primum erecta denum horizontals v. nutante ellipsoidea 
rostrata, rostro recurvo, clausa crasse coviacea alba roseo-picta, spadice incluso 
crassiusculo sessili toto florifero, floribus basalibus paucis neutris, terminalibus 
<$ , intermediis $ , antherissubsessilibus connectivo crasso ultra loeulos laterales 
oblonjjos in rostrum crassum producto, ovariis prismaticis 1-locularibns, stigmate 
sessili, placentis 2-3 parietalibus, ovulis erectis orthotropis, funiculo curvo 
supra basin affixo. 

P. insignis, N. E. Br. I. c. et Icon. pp. 138, 139, f. 20. 

Mr. 1ST. E. Brown (Assistant in the Herbarium at Kew), 
who makes a special and very careful study of Aroids, has, 
I think, rightly referred this curious little plant' to a new 
genus of the small Malayan group of Philodendrecn, with 
the spathes circumsciss above the position of the ovaries, 
which includes Schismatoglottis ; though it hardly agrees 
with Engler's character of a low-branched undershrub, 
which Engler attributes to the group, " Suffrutices humiles 
ramosi." The term suffrutex, or undershrub, is obviously 
here used in a different sense from the generally recognized 
one, of " woody " plants, for Schismatoglottis is clearly 
a herb, as is Piptospatha. 

Borneo, the native country of this plant, is eminently 
rich in Aroids, and their investigation would well reward 
the labours of a botanist who could devote a year to them 
iu their native forests. Piptospatika was discovered by Mr. 
Burbidge when collecting for Messrs. Veitch in that island, 
and the plant here figured was presented to the Royal 
Gardens by the latter firm. It flowered in July. 

DECEMBEB 1st. 1881. 

Descr. A low stemless green herb, with numerous 
densely tufted long cylindric roots. Leaves all radical, four 
to five inches long, by three-quarters of an inch broad, 
petioled, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate with acuminate re- 
curved points, narrowed into the petiole at the base, very 
coriaceous, smooth, with slightly recurved margins ; midrib 
stout, prominent beneath ; nerves three to five pairs, very 
oblique ; colour deep dark-green above, much paler beneath ; 
petiole from one-third to two-thirds as long as the blade, 
erect, grooved above, green in cultivated specimens (red in 
Mr. Burbidge's drawing of native ones). Sheaths long, 
membranous, acuminate, brown. Peduncle stout, longer 
than the petioles, erect, red-brown, curved at the top. 
Spathe one to one and a quarter inch long, ellipsoid with 
an upturned acute beak, white suffused with rose; coriaceous, 
convolute and closed except a small opening towards the 
point ; after flowering the upper part of the spathe above 
the position of the female flowers on the spadix separates 
from the lower by a transverse rupture. Spadix wholly 
included, cylindric, stout, white, rounded at the end, 
wholly covered with flowers, the projecting tips of the 
anthers giving the upper part a thickened appearance. 
Neuter organs (imperfect females) forming a few rows at 
the very base of the spadix, clavate, or rounded at the 
swollen tip, quite smooth. Male flowers without perianth, 
consisting of crowded stamens occupying the upper two- 
thirds of the spathe, the uppermost only imperfect ; stamens 
with a very short filament dilating into a broad cellular 
thick connective, which is produced beyond the anther-cells 
into a conical beak ; cells ellipsoid, parallel, separated by 
the connective, discharging the pollen from the top of a 
vertical slit. Female flowers of crowded ovaries below the 
males, without perianth or staminodes; ovary obpyramidal, 
obtusely five-angled; stigma sessile occupying the whole 
broad top of the ovary; cavity large; Ovules irregularly 
placed on several parietal placentas, long, erect, nearly 
orthotropous, the funicle being attached above the rounded 
base. Inui not seen.— J". D. H. 

o.S; 1 ^ 1 :;^ 2 '^?^^ 1 T^f ditt °' Ompwfcel ovaries; 4, perfect 
7/UHla n j'J. knPtud.nal, and 7, transverse section of ovary ; 8,ovSle : - 


Vincent Breaks Day & Sera Imp 

L Reeve &0 

Tab. 6599. 
ESCALLONLA rubra var. punctata. 
Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. SAXiFBi.GE.E.--Tribe Escallonie^:. 
Genus Escallonia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. Gil.) 

Escallonia rubra; glanduloso-pubescens v. hirtella, fruticosa, ramis erectis 
virgatis, foliis sessilibus in petiolum brevem angustatis ovatis v. obovatis 
acutis v. obtusis serrulatis lgete viridibus nitidis subtus birds v. glandaloso- 
punctatis v. glabris, floribus paucis subcorymbosis suberectis, calyois tubo 
turbinate, limbi lobis ovatis acuminatis v. triangulari-subalatis, corolla intense 
rubra, petalis in tubum pentagonum 5-costatum subcohserentibus limbo parvo 

E. rubra, Persoon Encheirid vol. ii. p. 235 ; De Candolle Prodr. vol. iv. p. 3 ; 
Hook, in Pot. Mag. t. 2890. 

Stereoxylon rubrum, Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. vol. iii. t. 236, f. 6. 

Var. punctata, foliis ellipticis acutis ; E. punctata, DC. Prodr, vol. iv. p. 3. 

Though very dissimilar in foliage and colour of the flower 
from the form of E. rubra figured at Tab. 2890 of this 
work, an examination of a large series of dried specimens 
proves that both are but varieties of one common and 
widely-diffused Chilian species, to which may probably be 
referred several others, now described as different. It is a 
native of rocky ravines of the Andes called Quebradas, 
from Valdivia northwards, and the narrow-leaved form 
of it was introduced in 1828 into the Botanic Garden of 
Liverpool, from whence it was distributed over Great Britain 
and the Continent. In its native country the whole plant 
is covered more or less densely with resin-secreting hairs 
which are reduced to glandular dots on the under surface 
of the leaves, and the whole shrub emits a powerful odour, 
but in our Gardens, probably owing to a less powerful sun, 
there is little of this secretion. 

The plant here figured entirely accords with native spe- 
cimens collected at Valdivia by Lechler, and named E. 

DECEMBEE 1ST, 1881. 

punctata by Miquel ; it differs slightly from De Candolle's 
description, in the flowers being often in twos and threes. 
Engler, in his Monograph of Escallonia, &c, in the Linnasa 
(vol. xxxvi. p. 544), refers Lechler's specimens to E. 
macrantha, Hook, and Arn. (Tab. 4473 of this work), which 
is a very much larger plant, with numerous and much larger 

E. rubra var. punctata flowers freely in the open air 
against a south wall, in the month of July, in the Royal 
Gardens, and though not so handsome as E. macrantha, is 
a very attractive plant. 

Desck. A shrub, three to six feet high, much branched, 
evergreen, more or less clothed with resinous pubescence 
glands ; branches slender, twiggy, with rich brown bark. 
Leaves one to one and a half inch long, deep bright green, 
sessile or narrowed into a very short petiole, elliptic-ovate 
acute, finely serrated, the serration often irregular ; upper 
surface glossy with deeply impressed veins ; under paler, 
smooth, glabrous or glandular-pubescent, or gland-dotted. 
Flotvers one to four, rarely more, in terminal corymbs, 
suberect, pedicels a quarter to half an inch long, pubescent. 
Calyx-tube turbinate, limb of five spreading entire or serrate 
triangular-ovate acuminate lobes, rather longer than the 
tube. Corolla deep dark red ; petals one-third to half an 
inch long, cohering in an obtusely five-angled tube, with 
thickened angles (the overlapping margins), tips of the 
petals about twice as broad as the claws, rounded, revolute. 
Stamens equalling the tube in length, anther-tips exserted. 
Stigma very shortly exserted.— J. D. H, 

Fig. 1, Flower cut open longitudinally ; 2, stamen ; 3, top of style and Btigma ; 
•1, disk surmounting the ovary and base of style :— all enlarged. 


To Vol. XXXVII. of the Third Series, or Vol. CVLL 
of the whole Work. 




Abronia latifolia. 
iEchmea Lindeni. 
Agave Hookeri. 
Aloe macracantha. 
Aloe Perryi. 
Aquilegia formosa. 
Aristolochia altissima. 
Aster gymuocepbalus. 
Babiana socotrana. 
Begonia socotrana. 
Berberis sinensis. 
Bolbophyllum Beccarii. 
Calceolaria Sinclairii. 
Campanula Allionii. 
Campanula Tommasiniana. 
Cladrastis amurensis. 
Clematis eetbusaofolia, var- 

Clematis reticulata 
Clematis coccinea. 
Clerodendron tricbotomum. 
Crawfurdia luteo-viridis. 
Crinum Balfourii. 
Crinum Forbesianum. 
Cuscuta reflexa. 
Dendrobium Treacherianum. 
Drosera capensis. 
Engelmannia pinnatifida. 
Eseallonia rubra, va r. punctata. 
Euadenia eminens. 
Fourcroya cubensis, var. in- 

Geum elatum. 
Heclitia cordylinoides. 
Homalonema "Wallisii. 


Hymenocallis Harrisiana. 


Hypericum Coris. 


Impatiens ampborata. 


Incarvillea Koopmannii. 


Iris missouriensis. 


Jasmiuum gracillimum. 


Kniphofia comosa. 


Kniphofia Uvaria, vai 



Lysionotus serrata. 


Meliantbus Trimenianus. 


Millettia megasperma. 


Musscbia aurea. 


Nardostachys Jatamansi. 


Nerine filifolia. 


Nunnezbaria tenella. 


Nyrupbasa tuberosa. 


Olearia Haastii. 


Osbeckia rostrata. 


Pinanga patula. 


Piptospatlia insignis. 


Pitcairnia zeifolia. 


Polygonum sachalinense. 


Potentilla (Ivesia) ungaicu 



Primula pocubformis. 


Protea penicillata. 


Rosa microphylla. 


Salvia columbaria?. 


Scbismatoglottis crispata. 


Silpbium laciniatum. 


Statice tatarica. 


Synechautbus fibrosns. 


Tricyrtis macropoda. 


Veronica carnosula.