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plants of tin Ifcopal earticnsf of luto, 





F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 



(Or Vol. CVIII. of the Whole Work.) 

' Full gay was all the ground and queint, 
And poudred, ns men had it peint, 
With many a fresh and sundry flour 
That casten up full good savour."— Chauceb. 



[All rights reserved.] 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 









In grateful remembrance of his services to the cause of Hor- 
ticulture; and as a tribute to his worth, his many accom- 
plishments, his extensive and accurate knowledge of hardy- 
plants, his ardour and success in cultivating them, and his 
liberality in encouraging others in this pursuit, to which he 
devoted his time, his means, and his opportunities. 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 
Dec. 1st, 1882. 

J. D. Hooker. 



Vincent Brooks Day & Son. top 

sve t». G" London 

Tab. 6600. 

Native of New Granada, 

Nat. Orel. Beomeliace*:. — Tribe Pitcairnie^:. 
Genus Pitcaienia, L'LTcrit.; (Baker in Trimen Jourti. Bot. 1881, p. 225.) 

Pitcaienia corallina; acaulis, csespitosa, foliis rosulatis, exterioribus rudimentariis 
scariosis integris, centralibus 6-8 productis longe petiolatis lanceolatis aeumi- 
natis medio recurvatis plicatis facie viridibus glabris dorso albo-furfuraceis, 
pedunculo cernuo subpedali glabro rubro, racemo pendulo subdenso, pedicellis 
brevibus, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, sepalis lanceolatis splendide rubris, petalis 
lingulatis basi appendiculatis calyce triplo longioribus, genitalibus petalis 

r. corallina, Linden et Andre ; Garriere in Rev. Hort. 1875, p. 321, cum icone ; 
Baker in Trimen Juurn. Bot. 1881, p. 272. 

This is a most distinct plant, the finest for decorative 
purposes of all the seventy known species of the genus. Its 
broad plicate leaves narrowed into a long petiole, and its 
dense drooping racemes of large spreading flowers, in which 
peduncle, axis, calyx and corolla are all of one brilliant 
coral-red, mark it at a glance from all the other species, 
and stamp it as one of the most effective of all the cultivated 
Bromeliaceas. It was introduced about 1870, by Linden 
from the Andes of the province of Choco, in New Granada. 
It flowered for the first time in Europe with Baron Roths- 
child at Ferrieres near Paris in 1874. Our drawing was 
made from a plant that flowered last spring with Sir George 
Macleay at Pendell Court, near Bletchingley, under the 
care of Mr. Charles Green. 

Dksce. Acaulescent, densely coespitose. Leaves rosu- 
late, the outer unproduced ones hard and dry, without any 
marginal spines ; produced leaves six or eight to a rosette, 
with an erect petiole about a foot long, which is margined 
by small decurved horny brown spines, and a lanceolate 
lamina two or three feet in length, three or four inches 

jANUABt 1st, 1882. 

broad at the middle, tapering gradually to the base and 
acuminate apex, plicate like the leaf of a Curculigo y recurving 
abruptly from about the middle when mature, green and 
glabrous on the face, while furfuraceous over the back. 
Peduncle arising from the base of the tuft of leaves, 
abruptly recurved, about a foot long, bright red like the 
flowers, as are also the axis of the raceme and the pedicels. 
Raceme drooping, moderately dense, a foot long ; pedicels 
about a quarter of an inch long, spreading or cernuous ; 
bracts small, lanceolate, scariose. Sepals lanceolate, horny, 
an inch long. Petals Ungulate, exserted a couple of inches 
beyond the sepals, furnished with a large oblong basal 
scale, which is free at the summit and along the edges. 
Stamens as long as the petals ; filament white, filiform ; 
anther linear, half an inch long; pollen yellow. Ovary 
ampullaaform, immersed at the base only; style filiform, 
about two inches long ; stigmas spirally twisted. — J. G. 

Fig. 1, The whole plant, much reduced ; 2, petal, with its basal scale, and a 
stamen, life-size ; 3, pistil, life-size ; 4, horizontal section of ovary, enlarged. 


MS.del J.N.Fitch.LiUi 

Vtccent£rook.s Lay & Son Imp 

L Reeve h. C°. London 

Tab. 6601. 
abelia spathulata. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Caphifoliaceje. — Tribe Lonicebe.e. 
Genus Abelia, Br. ; (Beuth. et Rook f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 4.) 

Abelia spathulata ; ramulis foliisque subtus v. utrinque fserieeo-puberulis v. 
glabratis, foliis oppositis elliptico-lanceolatis obtuse acuminatis sinuato-senuJatis 
in petiolum brevissirnum angustatis, floribus 2-nis terminalibus pedunculo 
brevi gracili sessilibus, bracteis minutis caducis, ovario tenui pubescente, 
calycis lobis 4-5 oblongo-spathulatis obtusis roseis reticulatis, corolla dba fence 
aureo-maculata e basi breviter tubuloso campanulata, lobis 5 rotundatis, 
staminibus inclusis, tilamentis pilosis. 

A. spathulata, Sieb. et Zucc. Fl.Jap. vol. i. p. 77, t. 34, f. 2. 

The Japanese species of Abelia are not easily distinguished, 
varying much as they do in habit, pubescence, form and 
margin of leaf, and size of flower ; and I have some difficulty 
in discriminating between A. spathulata, A. serrata,A. bijlom, 
and A. uniflora. The subject of the plate here given is 
unquestionably A . spathulata, S. & Z., best recognized by 
the minute bracts, the four or five oblong-spathulate 
spreading rosy calyx-lobes, and the large flower. Its 
nearest ally is A. serrata, S. & Z., with larger bracts, 
usually only two elliptic-oblong calyx-lobes and a narrower 
corolla, gradually narrowed into the basal tube. Of A. 
hiflora, Turcz., a Chinese plant, I have seen no authentic 
specimens ; it is said to have a tribracteole peduncle, and a 
four-fid corolla. A. uniflora, Br., again, figured in this 
work (Tab. 4694, doubtfully the plant of Brown), has minute 
bracts, corollas larger than A. spathulata, and two very 
large oblong calyx-lobes ; A. serrata, S. & Z., is referred to 
it under the above-cited plate, but the form of the corolla 
of the two is w r idely different, that of the figure being quite 
like A. spathulata, whilst that of the true A. serrata is, as 
described above, much narrower and more funnel-shaped. 

jaxvaey 1st, 1882. 

A fifth supposed species is the north Chinese A. Davidii, 
Hance. in Seeinann's Journ. Bot. vol. yi. p. 329, and vol. 
xiii. p. 132 ; it closely resembles A. serrata, and its anthor 
suspected it at first to be referable to A. biflora, but latterly 
he regarded it as distinct on account of its bractless 
peduncles; as, however, I find minute deciduous bracts in a 
specimen of an otherwise identical plant from north China, 
no reliance can be placed on this character. 

A. spathdata is a beautiful free-flowering hardy shrub, 
introduced by M. Maries when travelling for Messrs. Veitch 
in Japan. The specimen figured was sent from Combe 
Wood nurseries in April of last year. 

Djssob. A much-branched shrub; branches slender, 
opposite, divaricate, ultimate pubescent or silky. Leaves 
about two inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, obtusely acumi- 
nate, obscurely or more strongly sinuate-toothed, glabrous 
above, slightly pubescent beneath, pale green with purplish 
edges, base contracted into a very short silky petiole. 
Flowers sessile in pairs on a short slender peduncle at the 
tips of the lateral branchlets, minutely two-bracteoled at the 
base. Ovary very slender, sparingly silky, one-third of an 
inch long. Calyx-lobes four or five, one-quarter of an inch 
long, obovate- or oblong-spathulate, obtuse, stellately 
spreading, reticulate, rose-red. Corolla nearly an inch long, 
between funnel and bell-shaped, contracted at the base into 
a short narrow tube, white with yellow blotches in the 
throat, puberulous or glabrous ; lobes rounded, subequal. 
Stamens included, filaments hairy. Stigma three-lobed.— 
J. 1). H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, stamens 4, stigma; 5, transverse section 
ot ovary : — all enlarged. 


A.B.deI. JTS Pitch. Lith 

Vincent Brooks DayVSonlmp 

I-^eeve 4 C? London 

Tab. 6602. 
LESPEDEZA bioolob. 

Native of North China and Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Tribe Hedysaeej:. 
Genus Lespedeza, Michaux; (Benth. et RooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 524.) 

Lespedeza bicolor ; frutex gracilis, ramis angulatis cinereo-puberulis, ramulis 
gracillimis brevibus v. elongatis rectis curvis v. pendulis, foliis gracile petiolatis 
et petiolulatis oblongis v. eiliptieo-lanceolatis acutis v. obtusis rarius obovatis 
obcordatis v. orbicularis muticis r. apiculatis glaberrimis v. subtus puberulis, 
racemis axillaribus elongatis longe v. breve pedun^ulatis erectis v. cernuis 
multifloris, floribus oppositis alternis et subverticillatis pedicellatis, calyce 
pubescente v. sericeo tubo brevi, lobis lanceolatis acuminatis, corolla bete roseo- 
purpurea calyce triplo longiore, vexillo late ovato breviter unguiculato margini- 
bus recurvis, alis oblongo-falcatis obtusis, carina alis longiore vexillum axjuante 
apice rotundata, legumine parvo sessili v. breviter stipitato oblique ovato- 
rotundato membranaceo basi acuto apice tenuiter rostrato, marginibus tenuiter 
incrassatis, faciebus longe reticulatis, semine oblongo-rotundato testa lsevi 

L. bicolor, Turczan. in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. xiv. 69; Walp. Rep. i. 749; Ledeb. 
Fl. Boss. vol. i. p. 715; Maxim. Fl. Amurens. p. 86; Regel Gartenfl. 
vol. ix. p. 270, t. 299. 

L. Sieboldii, Miquel Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. vol. iii. p. 47. 

Desmodium japonioum, Sort. 

D. pendulifloruui, Oudem. in Neerlands. Plantenkuin ex Van Iluutte Fl. 

des Serves, vol. xviii. t. 1888-9; Carriere in Bee. Hortic. 1873, p. 211, 

cum ic. 

This is one of the most beautiful hardy shrubs that has 
of late years been introduced into Europe, alike remark- 
able for its graceful habit, elegant foliage, and the beauty 
of its copious bright rose-purple racemes. It has a 
wide range in North-Eastern Asia, from Pekin and the 
Corean Peninsula, the Amoo and Ussuri rivers, to Japan ; 
and in its native country it varies much in habit, in the 
shape of the leaflets, length of the racemes, and size and 
colour of the flowers. 

The celebrated traveller and botanist Maximo vicz was 
the first to introduce L. bicolor into Europe, he having 

JANUAEY 1st, 1882. 

sent seed to the Botanic Gardens of St. Petersburg from 
the TJssuri river, a southern tributary of the Amoor in 
Mantchuria, in the year 1858. The specimen here figured 
flowered in an open border of the Leguminous collection in 
the Arboretum of the Royal Gardens, Kew, in October last. 
Descr. A slender leafy shrub, three feet high and up- 
wards ; stem angular, usually hoary ; branches very slender, 
often elongate and pendulous. Leaves three-foliolate, petiole 
very slender, one-fourth of an inch to three inches long ; 
leaflets very variable, one-half to two inches long, elliptic 
oblong obovate obcordate or rounded, tip rounded or acute, 
with or without a short or long mucro, petiolules short 
slender, upper surface smooth glabrous, under glabrous 
or pubescent; nerves numerous, spreading, very slender. 
Racemes axillary, rarely terminal also, short or long, often 
six to nine inches long and drooping or suberect ; peduncle 
and rachis very slender, glabrous pubescent or silky ; bracts 
minute, subulate. Flowers opposite alternate and fascicled, 
one-third to two-thirds of an inch long ; pedicel slender. 
Gali/x one-fourth of an inch long, with two minute bracteoles 
at the base, pubescent or silky ; tube short ; lobes lanceo- 
late, acuminate, straight. Corolla three times as long as 
the calyx, bright rose-purple, white or violet; standard 
ovate, very shortly clawed, reflexed with recurved margins ; 
wings shorter than the standard, falcately oblong, obtuse. 
Upper stamen free. Pod one-quarter of an inch long, 
membranous, flattened, obliquely ovate-rotundate or subtra- 
peziform, base narrowed, point-beaked, margins slightly 
thickened, faces reticulate. Seed flattened, orbicular-oblong, 
testa brown smooth. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1 Section of calyx, staminal tube, and ovary; 2, calyx and bracteoles; 
d, standard; 4, wings; 5, keel; G, stamens; 7, ovary.— all enlarged. 


Vincent Br cc 

Tab. 6603. 
SAXIFR AG A diversifolia. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifrages. — Tribe EUSAXIFHAGE.E. 
Genus SaxifraGA, Linn.; {Benth. et Tlook.f. Gen. JPl. vol. i. p. 636.) 

Saxifraga (Hirculus) diversifolia ; caule crecto folioso superne corymboso-ramoso 
glanduloso v. glabrato infeme glabro v. subvilloso, Joliis radicalibus gran'le 
petiolatis ovatis v. ovato-covdatis acutis integervimis, caulinis sessilibus ovatis 
v. ovato-oblongis acutis semi-amplexicanlibus, marginibus basi asepe glanduloso- 
pilosis.corymbo glanduloso-pubescente foliaceo-bracteato, ramis erecto-patentibus 
pauci- v. multifloris, floribus pedicellatis aureis, calycis tubo brevi obconico 
5-gono, limbi segmentis ovato-oblongis obtusis dorso glandulosis, petalis 
obovatis patenti-reflexis obscure impresso-punctatis marginibus nudis v. basin 
versu-? glandulis paucis stipitatis, stylis brevibus, capsula ovato-oblonga, 
seminibus angulatis subplicatis. 

S. diversifolia, Wall, in Sternh. Saxifr. Suppl. t. 22 ; DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 44; 
Hook. Lond. Journ. Sot. vol. iv. t. 21 ; Hook. J", et Thorns, in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. Bot. vol. ii. p. 70 ; Engler Monog. Saxifr. p. 125 ; Clarke in Rook f. 
Fl. Brit. Lnd. vol. ii. p. 393. 

S. parnassifolia, Wall. Cat. n. 451, partita ; Don in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. 

p. 405 ; Sternb. I. c. t. 25. 
S. Moorcroftiana, Wall. Cat. n. 453 j Sternh. I. c. t. 24. 
S. lysimachoides, Klotzsch in Reise Pr. Wald. Bot. t. 42. 

This is by far the largest species of Saxifrage belonging 
to the group of S. Hir cuius y L., which is eminently a 
Himalayan group ; the type of it being the only species 
that is found beyond that range of mountains, and from 
whence it extends westwards into the northern parts of 
England and south of Scotland (where, however, it is very 
rare), and throughout the Arctic Circle, retaining its 
character everywhere with much constancy, except in the 
Himalaya, where it is represented by four very marked 

The habit of 8. diversifolia is quite that of a Parnassia 
in respect of its stem and foliage, and it inhabits similarly 
boggy places, which it adorns with its bright golden flowers. 

JANUARY 1st, 1882. 

It is found throughout the range, from Kashmir to Bhotan, 
at elevations of 9000 to 17,000 feet, and probably extends 
thence into the mountains of Western China. 

S. diversifolia flowered during last year both at the 
Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh and Kew; much moro 
luxuriantly in the former establishment, from whence the 
specimen here figured was sent by Mr. Sadler in July. 

Descr. More or less covered with glandular hairs or 
glabrous, except the corymb, often laxly villous below. 
Stem erect, six to sixteen inches high, strict, cylindric, 
simple or corymbosely branched above, leafy. Radical 
leaves few or many, long-petioled ; petiole one to three 
inches long, slender, sometimes villous ; blade one to two 
inches long, ovate or cordate, acute, dark green ; cauline 
leaves sometimes very numerous, smaller, sessile, semi- 
amplexicaul, ovate oblong or rounded, quite entire, smooth 
or with a few glandular hairs at the base. Corymb few or 
many-branched and -flowered ; branches erecto-patent, 
glandular-pubescent, with leafy bracts at the forks, the 
uppermost of which are linear. Flowers one-half to three- 
fourths of an inch in diameter, pedicelled, erect. Calyx- 
tube obconic, angled, glandular; lobes much longer than 
the tube, ovate-oblong, rounded, glandular at the back and 
margins. Petals twice as long as the sepals, obovate, tip 
rounded, spreading and recurved, golden yellow, obscurely 
spotted. Ayithers subglobose. Ovary nearly superior, 
conical, bifid; styles very short, stigmatose at the tips 
internally. Capsule ovate-oblong. Seeds angled, testa 
somewhat folded. — J. D. H. 

Kg. 1, Sepal ; 2, petal ; 3 and 4, front and back view of stamen ; 5, ovary :— all 


• ; N Fitch Lith 


Vincent Bro o ks Day & S on Lap 

L Reeve &.C°l.ondc 

Tab. 6604. 
CAMBESSEDESIA pabaguayensis. 

Native of Paraguay. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomaceje. — Tribe Micbolicie.e. 
Genus Cambessedesii, DC. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 737.) 

Cambessedesia paraguayensis ; lierba humilis, erecta, hirtella v. glabra, eaule 
rarntsqae 4-gonis angulU angnste alatis, foliis sensilibus ovatig acutis 3-nerviis 
ciliatis, floribus subcorymboso-paniculatis, calycis glanduloso-pilosi tubo 
oblongo-campanulato lobis subulato-lanceolatis breviore, petalis late ovatis 
aeutis oiliolatis roseis, antheris snba3qualibus lonjrioribus basi antice 2-lobis 
dorso tumidis, brevoribus basi antice tumidis, ovario glaberrimo, capsula 
globo-o-ovoidea calycis tubo inc'.usa 3-valvi, seminibus minimis Uevibus. 

The genus Cambessedesia consists of nine known species 
of South Brazilian plants, with, woody rootstocks on stems, 
and erect usually simple four-angled herbaceous branches, 
growing in grassy plains and rocky exposed places. 
All, judging from herbarium specimens, are handsome 
plants, and the present species is the first ever introduced 
into European gardens. Though hitherto undescribed, I 
find specimens exactly corresponding to it in the Kew 
Herbarium, collected at Villa Rica in Paraguay by B, 
Balansa, during his journeys of 1874 — 1877 in that little- 
known country. 

The specimen here figured was communicated by Messrs. 
E. G. Henderson and Son, of Pine Apple Nursery, Maida 
Vale, with whom it flowered in July last. 

Descr. Bootstock short, woody. Stems numerous, ten 
to eighteen inches high, annual, herbaceous, leafy, sub- 
corymbosely branched above, more or less minutely hispid 
or glabrate, four-angled, the angles narrowly winged. 
Leaves uniform, three-fourths to nearly one inch long, 
sessile, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, acute, three-nerved, 
pale green, margins quite entire, ciliate. Flowers in 
terminal corymbose glandular-hairy panicles, with stiff 

JANUARY 1ST, 1882. 

erecto-patent branches, bearing small leaves at the forks. 
Flowers two-thirds of an inch in diameter, shortly pedicelled, 
erect. Calyx green, glandular ; tube one-sixth of an incli 
long, oblong-campanulate, five-ribbed, green ; lobes longer 
than the tube, subulate-lanceolate. Petals twice as long a 
the calyx-lobes, broadly ovate, acute, ciliate, rose-rtd. 
Anthers nearly as long as the petals, nearly equal in size, 
slender, falcate, larger with a two-lobed tubercle at tl • 
base in front and a smaller simple tubercle behind ; smaller 
anthers with a simple tubercle in front and none behind. 
Ovary quite glabrous, style long, stout, red, deflexed. 
Capsule almost globose, enclosed in the calyx*tube, three- 
celled, three-valved, valves rather crustaceous. Seeds very 
minute. — J. V. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx laid open and stamens; 2, long, and 3, shorter anthers; 4, ovary; 
5, transverse section of ditto i — all enlarged. 



M.S.daL JNRi 

Tab. 6605. 

Native of Tropical America. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllidace.e. — Tribe Amabyllide;e. 
Genus Zephyeanthes, Herbert; {Kunth Eiiutn. vol. v. p. 480.) 

Zephyeanthes (Argyropsis) eitrina ; bulbo magno globoso stolonifero, foliis 3—4 
synautbiis anguste linearibus viridibus subpedalibus facie profunde canaliculars 
dorso rotundatis scapo anoipiti vix semipedali, spatba brevi tubulosa, pedicello 
producto, periantbii tubo in fundi bulari ovario Iongiori, limbi citrini segmentis 
oblongis acutis, staminibus sequilongis erectis filamentis brevibus, stylo 
periantbio subduplo breviore, lobis stigmatosis subglobosis. 

This is an interesting new Zephyr withes, well marked 
botanically by the rounded lobes of its stigma, and a 
valuable acquisition horticulturally because all the species 
of the genus which are in cultivation already have either 
white or more or less decidedly red flowers. It was 
brought to us for the first time from Messrs. Veitch last 
August, when it was in flower. They believe that they 
received it from Demerara, but its nearest ally as regards 
the structure of its stigma is the well-known Mexican 
Z. Candida of Herbert (Bot. Mag., Tab. 2607), and we 
have lately received from Mexico a second yellow-flowered 
species. This was found by Dr. Palmer on the banks of 
the Rio Grande, and has a similar tube, but a very much 
smaller perianth-limb. 

Descr. Bulb globose, with brown membranous tunics, 
an inch and a half in diameter, copiously stolonifero us. 
Leaves three or four, developed in autumn simultaneously 
with the flower, narrow linear, bright green, about a foot 
long, deeply channelled down the face, rounded on the 
back, a sixth of an inch broad, tinged with red-brown 
towards the base. Scape ancipitous, four or five inches 
* on g> green, tinged with red-brown towards the base. 

FEBBUABY 1st. 1882. 

Spa the short, tubular. Pedicel under an inch long. Ovary 
oblong-trigonous, green; perianth with a funnel-shaped 
tube above the ovary, a third or half an inch long, ai 
brigbl yellow limb an inch and a half long of six oblong 
subacute connivent segments under half an inch bi 
SUmens the same colour as the perianth-limb; filann 
under an inch long, erect and equal ; anthers linear, half 
an inch lung, their tips falling considerably short of the 
tips of the perianth-segments. Style about an inch long, 
With a stigma of three distinct rounded lobes. — J. G. Baker, 

Fitfa. 1 and 2, Anthers, with ton of filament ; 3, apex of style with stigma -.-all 
> I urged. 



VmcmtBrooks Day StSon Imp 

Tab. 6606. 
Native of the West Indies. 

Nat. Ord. BEOMEiiACEiE.— Tribe Pitcatkxie^. 
Genus Pitcaibnia, L'JIerit. ; (Baker in Trimen Journ. Bot. 1881, p. 225.) 

Pitcairnia (Eupitcairnia) alia ; acaulis, ccespitosa, foliis basalibus 12-20 lineari- 
loratis 2-3-pedalibus acuminatis lecuvvatis facie viridibus glabris dorso persis- 
tenter albo-lepidotis prope basin aculeis paucis corneis marginatis, pedunculo 
elongato floccoso foliis plurihus valde reductis prsedito, racemis pluribus laxis in 
panicalatn amplam aggregates, pedicellis brevibus, bracteis parvis lanoeolatis, 
sepalis lanceolatis uncialibus splendide rubris, petalis concoloribus calyce duplo 
longioribus basi appendiculatis, genitalibus petalis eeqnilongis. 

P. alta, Hassle. Retzia, vol. ii. p. 5 ; Baker in Trimen Journ. Bot. 1881, p. 266. 

P. ramosa, K. Koch in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 82, non Jacq. 

This is the finest, for horticultural purposes, of all the 
Pitcairnias of the bromeliarfolia group, as it has an inflo- 
rescence five or six feet in height, made up of numerous 
racemes of flowers in which both calyx and corolla are a 
brilliant coral-red. Although it is now figured for the first 
time, it has been many years in cultivation, having been first 
clearly individualized and excellently described from plants 
of unknown origin in the Botanic Garden at Buitenzorg by 
Dr. Hasskarl in 1856. Our Kew plant was received many 
years ago from Dominica, from Dr. Imray. Our drawing 
was made from this when it was in flower last July. A 
fine specimen was sent by Mr. Bull to the Kew Herbarium 
to be named in October, 1878. A specimen kindly sent 
for comparison by the late Dr. Karl Koch shows that this 
was the plant intended under the name of Pitcairnia 
ramosa in the monograph of the genus which he published 
in the Report of the Berlin Garden for 1857, but the true 
plant of Jacquin is totally different. 

Desoe. Acaulescent, densely tufted. Basal leaves from 

FKBliUAKY 1ST, 1882. 

twelve to twenty to a flower-stem, linear-lorate, two or 
three feet long, three-quarters of an inch or an inch broad 
at the middle, narrowed gradually to a long point and to a 
quarter of an inch above the dilated base, where it is 
armed with a few small brown-black horny prickles, bright 
green on the face, persistently white-lepidote on the under 
surface, recurving from about the middle. Peduncle two 
or three feet long below the inflorescence, floccose, fur- 
nished with a few much-reduced leaves. Racemes several, 
very lax, arranged in a deltoid panicle ; pedicels ascending, 
a quarter or half an inch long ; bracts lanceolate, scarcely 
longer than the pedicels. Calyx bright red, above an inch 
long, adhering to the ovary at the cuneate base; sepals 
lanceolate. Petals twice as long as the sepals, the same 
colour, unilateral when expanded, furnished with a distinct 
scale at the base. Stamens as long as the petals ; anthers 
linear, basihxed, half an inch long. Style reaching up to 
the summit of the anthers ; stigmas convolute. — X 0. Baker. 

A, the whole plant, much reduced ; fig. 1, a petal ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, pistil 
6, horizontal section of ovary -.—all more or less magnified. 


A.B,del.J.I, r Jitdi.Lith, 

Vincent Broote Day 6-Sonirap 

LRflave &.CfiLondo 

Tab. 6607. 
SELENIA aueea. 

Native of Arkansas. 

Nat. Ord. Cbucifek-E. — Tribe Alyssineje. 
Genus Selenia, Nutt. ; (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 72.) 

Selenia aurea ; spitlianuea, glaberrima, a basi ramosa, rami's gracilibus laxe foliosis, 
ibliis lineari-oblongis pinnatifidis, segmentis lanceolatis acutis grosse pauci- 
serratis, floribus gracile pedicellatis in axillis superioribus et in racemum 
subcorymbosum foliosum terminalem dispositis, sepalis lineari-oblongis flavo- 
viridibus, petalis obovato-spathulatis aureis patentibus sepalis duplo longioribus, 
siliqua lineari-oblonga compressa stylo elougato recto tt-rminata, valvis 
membranaceis reticulatis costa nulla, septo membranaceo interdum ineompleto, 
seminibus quovis loculo 4-6, orbicuiaribus compressis niarginibus cartilagineo- 
alatis, cotyledonibus accumbentibus. 

S. aurea, Nuit. in Journ. Arad. Phllad. vol. v. p. 132, t. 6 ; Torr. et Gray, Fl. 
N. Am. vol. i. p. 99 ; Gray Gen. III. vol. i. p. 158, t. 67. 

North America is not a favoured country in respect of 
either the variety or beauty of its Cruciferous vegetation. 
It has nothing to compare in stature or boldness of foliage 
with the Brassicas, Crambes, and Isatis of the Old World ; 
nothing so showy as our Alyssums, Arabis, Lunaria, 
Aubrietia, Malcolmia, and Iberis ; nothing so sweet as our 
Mathiolas, Cheiranthus, Hesperis, and Erysimum; nor 
has it a herald of earliest spring like our Draba verna. 
Nevertheless, Selenia aurea may claim a place in every 
garden, whether for the colour or odour of its flowers, or 
for the considerable time it remains in flower, in which 
point it contrasts favourably with the fugacious nature of 
many annual Crucifers. 

The genus Selenia is a very peculiar one, consisting of 
only two species, natives of the dry North American 
regions of Arkansas and Texas, towards the eastern base 
of the Rocky Mountains. The specimen here figured was 
raised from seed sent to the Royal Gardens by Professor 
Asa Gray, which flowered in the open border of the 
Herbaceous Grounds in June of last year. 

VSBSVABY 1st, 1882. 

Dbscb. A perfectly glabrous annual, erect, branched 
from the root, a span high ; branches cylindric, sparingly 
leafy throughout. Leaves one to two inches long, by one- 
third to one-half broad, linear-oblong, pinnatifid ; segments 
about five to seven pairs, lanceolate, acuminate, coarsely 
serrate, spreading, rachis narrowly winged. Flowers erect, 
lower solitary in the axils of the upper leaves, on slender 
pedicels, upper collected in a subcoryrnbose leafy raceme ; 
pedicels one-fourth to half an inch long, slender, strict. 
Sepals erect, one-fourth of an inch long, linear-oblong, 
greenish-yellow. Petals golden-yellow, twice as long as 
the sepals, obovate-spathulate, claw erect, limb spreading 
obscurely emarginate. Stamens with slender terete fila- 
ments and ten small globose glands at their bases ; anthers 
shortly oblong. Ovary lanceolate, sessile; style as long, 
straight. Pod one-half to three-fourths of an inch long, 
linear-oblong, much compressed, two-celled, base acute or 
prolonged into a short stalk, membranous septum some- 
times incomplete ; style one-third as long as the pod ; 
valves very membranous, with no midrib and loosely reticu- 
lated nerves. Seeds four to six to each cell, orbicular, 
flattened, with a thickened wing; cotyledons orbicular, 
radicle very short, accumbent. — J. D. R. 

Fig. 1, Top of pedicel, with two of the long stamens, glands, and ovary ; 2, long 
stamen and gland*; 3, shorter stamens and glands; 4, pod with one valve 
removed :— all enlarged. 



VmcenlBroolcsItay & Son hop 

L"Recve& C° London 

Tab. 6608. 
STERCULIA (Be-achtohiton) discolor. 

Native of Eastern Australia. 

Nat. Oi-d. Stebculiacej5.— Tribe Stebculie^i. 
Genus Sterculia, Linn.,- {Btnth. et Eook.f. PL Gen. vol. i. p. 217.) 

Stebcttha (Brachycbiton discolor; arbor ramubs folnsque subtu ncano-tomen- 
tellis v. puberulis, foliis ambitu orbiculatis basi late cordatis v. 2-lobis 
svnn aUusto 5-7-gonis v. lobis totidem brevibus acutis v acuminata 
membrSe\s supmglabris, floribus spicatim paniculatis 2-3-nii ,2-polh.anb U8 
Zl UibS roseit P calyce infnndibulari-campanulato dense stellatnn toinentoso 
Td nedTum 6 fido lobis erectis ovato-lauceolatis acuta marimbas ternnbus 
glabris longe induplicatis, folliculis breviter stipitatis acuminata intus etatus 
hirsuto-tomentosis, semhribus tomentosis. 

S. discolor, Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. i. p. 228. 

Beachychiton discolor, F. Muell. Fragment, vol. i. p. L 

Amongst the most curious features of the Australian 
vegetation are the species of a section of Sterculia winch 
is endemic in Australia. All of them have remarkably 
short, stout, and often deformed trunks, which in the case 
of the Bottle tree, S. rupestris, is contracted at the top and 
bottom, and swelling out in the middle, rudely resembles 
some form of flask or bottle. This section has been 
erected into a genus, distinguished from Sterculia by the 
tomentose inner surface of the fruit, and of the outer 
coat of the seed, together with the radicle of the embryo 
being placed next to the hilum of the seed. In the 
" Genera Plantarum" the uncertainty of these characters 
in the genus, and other considerations, led to the abandon- 
ment of Brachychtton (together with many others founded 
on similarly unstable characters), and the referring back 
all its species to the old Linnean genus Sterculia, with 
which they agree entirely in habit, &c. 

S. discolor is a native of Eastern Australia, from the 
Clarence and Richmond rivers in New South Wales, north- 

FEBEUAEY 1ST, 1882. 

ward to the Pine river in Queensland and Buckland Table 
Land in North Australia. It was discovered by Mr. Charles 
Moore, of the Sydney Botanical Gardens, who sent seeds 
to Kew nearly a quarter of a century ago. From them the 
plant from which the figure is taken was raised ; it forms 
a very handsome tree in the Temperate House of the Royal 
Gardens about forty feet high, with a crown fifteen feet in 
diameter, and trunk two feet in circumference at three 
feet from the ground. 

Descr. A tall timber tree, with a large leafy crown ; 
young branches and leaves beneath clothed with a thm 
grey pubescence or tomentum. Leaves long-petioled, five 
to seven inches long and broad, pale green, membranous, 
cordate or two-lobed at the base, with a broad or narrow 
sinus, more or less deeply five-lobed, but never beyond the 
middle ; lobes acute or acuminate, quite entire, palmately 
five-nerved ; petiole very slender, two to three inches long. 
Flowers in terminal contracted spicate panicles, usually in 
groups of two to three sessile on a strict slender erect 
rachis six to eight inches long; buds ellipsoid, obtuse. 
Calyx one and a half inch long, between campanulate and 
funnel-shaped, rustily tomentose without and within, rose- 
red, six-lobed nearly to the middle ; lobes ovate-lanceolate, 
suberect, with broad thin induplicate margins. Staminal 
column slender, half an inch long, with about fifteen 
sessile anthers in a subglobose head. Follicles large, 
stalked, rusty-tomentose. Seeds hirsute.— J. V. IT. 

Kg. 1, Calyx laid open, showing the stamens; 2 and 3, side and back view of 
anthers ; 4, stellate hair :— all enlarged. 




L Reeve &.C London 

Tab. 6609. 
PARNASSIA nubicola. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifeagacb^:. — Tribe Saxifrages. 
Genus Pabnassia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 639.) 

Saxifeaga nubicola; glaberrima, scapis acute angulatis, foliis radicalibus ellipticis 
v. elliptico-ovatis cordatis v. lanceolatis acutis nervis 5-7 subtus prom in en ti bus, 
caulino sessili basi |-amplexieauli, flore \-l\ poll, diam., sepalis late ovatis 
obtusis, petalis obovatis sepalis aubduplo longioribus margine nudis v. hie illic 
erosis, staininodiis palaefonnibus apice obtuse 3-lobis, ovarii ovoidei basi calyci 
immerso stigmatibus 3 capitatis, capsula semipollicari inferne subconica 
vertice rotundata stylo brevissimo coronata, semiuibus ellipsoideis, testa 
reticulata firma. 

P. nubicola, Wall. Cat. n. 1246, et in Wight. III. t. 21 ; Arn. in Hoolc. Cump. 
Bot. Mag. vol. ii. p. 315; Hook. f. et Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Son. vol. ii. 
p. 81 ; Dmde in Linncea, vol. xxxix. p. 315 ; Moj/le III. PL Himal. p. 50 ; 
C. B. Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 402. 

The " Grasses of Parnassus " have their head-quarters in 
India, no fewer than eight species occurring in the 
Himalaya and Khasia Mountains, of which two extend to 
the Nilgherry Mountains in the Western Peninsula. The 
common British species, Parnassia palustris is one of them, 
though it only just enters the region of the Indian* flora, 
being found in Western Tibet by Falconer and others. 
This is its western known limit in low latitudes, though 
in higher it occurs all round the globe. P. nubicola is 
the largest and coarsest of all the species, attaining a 
height of eighteen inches, with sometimes four or five 
flowering scapes from the root; it however wants the 
delicate beauty and pure white petals of the European 
plant. It has been found throughout the Himalaya range, 
from Kashmir in the West, where it descends to 6000 feet 
above the sea, to Sikkim in the East, where I have gathered 
it at 12,000 feet, and as low as 8000. The specimen here 

FEBE0AEY 1ST, 1882. 

figured was raised from seeds sent to the Royal Gardens 
by Mr. Duthie, of the Botanical Gardens, Saharunpore, 
which flowered in July of last year. 

Dbsob, A slender or stout herb, six to eighteen inches 

high. Radical leaves with long or short petioles ; blade 

two to four inches long, elliptic ovate or cordate, rarely 

lanceolate, acute, with five to seven strong nerves which 

are deeply impressed above and very prominent beneath ; 

petiole as long or twice as long as the blade, deeply 

grooved in front, sheathing at the base. Scape acutely 

four-angled, almost winged, hollow between the angles; 

cauline leaf solitary, sessile, elliptic, as large as the radical, 

base semiamplexicaul. Flowers one to one and a half 

inches in diameter. Calyx-tube obconic, angled and strongly 

ribbed; lobes as long, broadly ovate, obtuse, strongly 

three-ribbed. Petals twice as long as the calyx-lobes, 

obovate, greenish-white, margins even or a little erose 

towards the base. Staminodes spade-shaped, with three 

short erect obtuse oblong lobes, fleshy, not ciliated. Ovary 

ovoid, base sunk in the calyx-tube; style very short, 

stigmas three capitate. Capsule obovoid, top rounded. 

Seeds ellipsoid, testa firm.— J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and ovary ; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, staminode :— all enlarged. 


L*iW ^ # % <MV^ -Jr'-Wi 

Wit* **^ ■•*. 

WSdetJ. NRtdlLtfli 

"VmceniBToolss D ay &. Son imp 

Tab. 6610. 
SEMPERVIVUM Moggridgei. 

Native of the Alpes Maritimes. 

Nat. Ord. CeassulacEjE. 
Genus Sempeevivum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 600.) 

Sehpebvivum (Rbodanthe) Moggridgei ; rosulis diam. 2 poll, polyphyllis, 
foliis elongato-cuneatis v. oblanceolatis pallide viridibus apicibus pilis copiosis 
arachnoideis connexis superne glabris marginibus minutissime ciliatis, caulibus 
4-6-pollicaribus erectis robustis, foliis caulinis et inflorescentia dense glanduloso- 
pilosis viridibus, foliis caulinis inferioribus suberectis oblanceolatis cuspidatis 
apicibus barbatis pallide viridibus rubro tinctis, superioribus lineari-oblongis, 
cyma ter quaterve furcata multiflora, bracteis lanceolatis foliaceis, floribus f poll, 
diam. 10-12-meris roseis, sepalis lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis pubescentibus, 
petalis lanceolatis acuininatis ciliolatis, staminibus petalis \ brevioribus, fila- 
mentis rubris, antheris breviter oblongis purpureis, polline citrino, ovariis 
pubescentibus, glandulis hypogynis minutis. 

S. Moggridgei, Hort. De Smet. 

The species of Sempervivum are by no means easily 
distinguished, and in many of the groups of the genus 
they tend to " run into one another," as botanists express 
it, and have considerable ranges ; whilst in other cases 
exceedingly distinct species occupy very restricted areas 
in the mountains of Southern Europe. The subject of the 
present plate does not agree with any of the one hundred 
and four forms enumerated by Mr. Baker in the Gardeners' 
Chronicle (1874, p. 103), and which he has wisely reduced 
to thirty-three definably distinct species in the Chronicle 
for 1879. Amongst these latter the nearest ally of 8* 
Moggridgei is clearly the well-known 8. arachnoideiim of 
Linnaeus, one of the earliest plants figured in this work 
(Tab. 68), and which extends from the Pyrenees to the 
Tyrolese Alps. It differs from S. Moggridgei in the much 
shorter leaves of the rosette, which are more oblong, and 
form a rounder mass, in the oblong obtuse cauline leaves, 
and in the smaller and less numerous flowers and glabrous 

FEBBUABT 1ST, 1882. 

filaments. These are, however, all differences of degree, 
and I cannot but expect that 8. arachnoideum and Mog~ 
gridgei will prove to be local forms of one species, of which 
the iatter is the much handsomer plant. The specimen here 
figured flowered in the Royal Gardens in September, 1881, 
and was received under the name it bears from Mr. De Smet. 
It is a native, I believe, of the Maritime Alps. 

Descr. Rosettes two inches in diameter, of many (about 
one hundred) leaves, of which the outer are spreading or 
recurved, the inner erect, all connected by a web of white 
hairs proceeding from their tips. Leaves three-fourths of 
an inch long, elongate-cuneate or oblanceolate, green, 
glabrous, with minutely ciliate margins and acute tips. 
Flowering-stems a span high, stout, leafy, and, as well as 
the cauline leaves and inflorescence, clothed with glandular 
pubescence. Lower cauline leaves oblanceolate, three-fourths 
of an inch long, suberect, ciliate, tips bearded, pale green 
and reddish; upper more oblong. Cyme three to four 
times forked, with spreading branches; bracts linear-oblong, 
green, fleshy. Flowers three-fourths of an inch in diameter, 
ten- to twelve-merous. Calyx cylindrically cup- shaped, 
glandular-pubescent; sepals linear, obtuse. Petals twice 
as long as the sepals, spreading,, lanceolate, acuminate, 
apiculate. Stamens half as long as the petals, filaments 
bright red, glabrous ; anthers shortly oblong, purple, with 
yellow pollen. Rypogynous glands minute, square. Ovaries 
lanceolate, glandular-pubescent, with suberect styles more 
than half their own length. — /. D. H. 

Tig. 1, Calyx ; 2, stamens ; 3, ovaries : — all enlarged. 


A.B dd, 

nt Brooks Day & So 

Tab. 6611. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Bignoniaceje.— Tribe Bignome.u. 
Genus Catalpa, Juss. ; (Bsnth. et Hook.f. PI. Gen. vol. ii. p. 1011.) 

Catalpa Kcempferi ; arbor ratnis horizontalibus, ramulis annotinis viridibus 
glandulosis, ibliis longe petiolatis late ovatis acuminatis basi rotundatis v. 
cordatis soepissime ina3f[uilateralibus integris angulatis v. 2-3-lobis lobo medio 
attenuato-acuminato lateralibus brevibus divergentibus nervis superne pilosis 
interne scabris v. glabris, paniculis terminalibus, floi'ibus gracile pediceilatis, 
calycis labiis integris rotundatis, corollae tubo campanulato limbi 2-labiati lobis 
5 rotundatis marginibus crispatis, capsula pedali cylindracea, seminibus coni- 
planatis alatis villosis utrinque in oaudas capillaeeo-fissas productis. 

C. Ktempferi, Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Japon. Sect. alt. p. 18 ; III. Sortie. 1862, t, 519; 
Miquel Prolus. Fl. Jap. p. 286 ; Lavallee Ie. Set. Arb. et Frut. Hort. 
Segrez. p. 33, t. 10. 

C. bignonioides, Walt. var. Ksempferi, DC. Prodr. vol. <"x. p. 226. 

C. ovata, G. Don Gen. Syst. vol. iv. p. 230. 

C. Bungei, Hort. (non G. A. Mey.). 

C. bimalayensis, Hort. 

Bignonia Catalpa, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 257. 

This is the Japanese representative and close ally of the 
Eastern American Catalpa syringarfoUa, Sims (Plate 1094 
of this work), and one of the most striking of the many 
instances of that intimate relationship, due to common 
origin, of the plants of the Atlantic United States and 
Eastern America, which is not shared by the plants of the 
Pacific Coast States. It has been beautifully figured and 
fully described in M. Lavallee's " Icones Selects Arborum 
et Fruticum in Hortis Segrezianis collectorum," where we 
are informed that, though found in various parts of Japan, 
it is not certainly indigenous in any. It was discovnv.l 
by Kamipfer in 1693, and introduced into Belgium by seed 
in 1849. It has proved perfectly hardy, and though not 
attaining the stature and size of leaf and flower of the C. 

MAKCH 1st, 1882. 

syringcefolia, it is a most welcome addition to the tree flora 
of Europe, being easily propagated by seeds which have 
ripened on the Continent and by cuttings. G. Kampferi 
is often found under the name of C. Bungei, a very different 
tree, not hitherto introduced into Europe, which is a native 
of N. China, has a much larger flower, and pods eighteen 
inches long. The tree from which the accompanying plate 
was taken flowered in the Boyal Gardens in August. In 
France the flowers attain a deeper colour than at Kew. M. 
Lavallee describes them as spotted -with deep violet, and 
having two yellow bands extending to the base of the 
middle lobe of the lower lip ; these are obscure in our 

Descr. A middle-sized tree, twenty-five to thirty feet 
high, with spreading rather brittle branches and copious 
foliage ; main branches stout ; shoots green, smelling 
disagreeably when bruised. Leaves about six inches long 
and broad, of a bright pale green colour, with brown 
glandular spots at the junction of the nerves, broadly ovate, 
base rounded or cordate, margin sinuate or three-lobed, 
the lateral lobes short, terminal tapering to a fine point, 
surfaces pubescent at first, then glabrous above, smooth or 
roughish beneath ; petiole two to five inches, round ; nerve- 
axils pubescent. Panicle terminal, erect, as long as the 
leaves, narrow or broad ; rachis with small brown petioled 
leaves at the base. Flowers two to three together at the 
ends of the branchlets of the panicle, horizontal or drooping, 
pale yellow sprinkled with minute red spots within. Calyx 
very small, lips rounded. Corolla campanulate, three- 
quarters of an inch long, mouth oblique, upper lip short, 
recurved, lower spreading ; lobes all rounded with crisped 
margins ; in many of the flowers a small recurved tongue- 
shaped appendage to the corolla (see fig. 6) occurs on the 
corolla-tube near its base above (it is figured also in M. 
Lavallee's work). Capsule a foot long and one-third of an 
inch in diameter, cylindric, straight, smooth, brown. Seeds 
compressed, velvety, produced at each end into fine silky 
hairs.— J. D. If. 

Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of flower; 2, corolla laid open; 3, stamen; 
4, rudimentary ditto; 5, transverse section of ovary; 6, corolla with appendage; 
7, longitudinal section of ditto.— -all but Jiff. 6 enlarged 



Vincent Brooks Day & Son Imp 

iRfieve &X°. London 

Tab. 6612. 

Native of Madagascar. 

Nat. Ord. Apocyne^:. — Tribe Echitide2E. 
Genus Mascabenhasia, A. DC. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 721.) 

Mascabenhasia Curnowiana ; frutex gracilis glaberrimus, foliis breviter petiolatis 
oblcmgis v. oblongo-lanceolatis apicibus obtusato-attenuatis basi rotundatis v. 
subacutis, nervis numerosis gracillimis patentibus, supra intense viridibus 
subtus pallidis, cymis terminalibus breviter pedunculatis 3-5-florb, floribus 
breviter pedicellatis, calycis parvi segmentis subulatis erectis, corolla rosea 
glaberriraa liuibi patentis lobis tubo ajquilongis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 
basi subcordatis ad orem puberulis, fauce iutus basitilamentisquepubescentibus, 
antberis subulatis, disci glandulis incunspicuis. 

M. Curnoviana, Ilemsley in The Garden, 1882, p. 98, t. 323. 

A very beautiful plant, and being both a free flowerer 
and remaining long in bloom, one likely to become a 
favourite for stove cultivation. It belongs to a little-known 
genus near Echites, of which five species have been 
described, all from Madagascar, and of which none had 
previously to this one been in cultivation. The name of 
Mascarenhasia commemorates the commander of the Portu- 
guese fleet, Don Mascarenhas, by whom the Island of 
Bourbon was discovered in 1545, and in honour of whom it 
was first called (after corruption) He Mascaraigne ; to give 
place to that of Bourbon when it was taken by the French 
in 1642 ; and this to Reunion at the Revolution. Singularly 
enough the original name has been perpetuated through all 
these changes, and so amplified in signification by Botanists 
as to include not only all the Islands of the Bourbon and 
Mauritian group under the title of Mascarenes, but some- 
times also Madagascar, the Seychelles, and their depen- 

Mascarenhasia Cumoiviana was imported by Messrs. 
mabch 1st, 1882. 

Hugh Low from Madagascar through their collector, whose 
name it bears. The drawing was made in August of last 

Desck. A slender shrub, with very dark green leaves and 
branches. Leaves opposite, three to four inches long, 
shortly petioled, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, quite entire, 
narrowed at the tip into an obtuse point, base acute or 
rounded, pale beneath; nerves numerous, slender and spread- 
ing ; petiole one-tenth of an inch long. Cymes terminal, few- 
flowered ; peduncle rather longer than the petiole, pedicels 
shorter. Calyx very small, of five subulate erect teeth 
much shorter than the tube of the corolla. Corolla per- 
fectly glabrous, scarlet; tube two-thirds of an inch long, 
the slightly swollen upper part containing the stamens 
twice as long as the lower, which is pubescent within ; lobes 
nearly an inch long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, base 
subcordate, margins slightly undulate, disk surrounding 
the mouth stellate, hairy. Stamens subulate, with short 
pubescent anthers. Hypogynous disc obsolete. Ovary 
glabrous ; style slender, stigma constricted in the middle, 
obtuse. — J. JD. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of corolla and stamens; 2, stamen; 3, ovary; 4, transverse 
section of ditto : — all enlarged. 


- r N?itch^th 

Vincent. Brooks Day 3c Saninp 

t Reeve &.C?lanrf, 

Tab. 6613. 
Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace^:. — Tribe Cajipanule.£. 
Genus Wahlenbebgia, Schrader ; (Benth. etHook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii, p. 555. 

Wahlenbebgia saxicola; glabra, caule debili ramoso, ramis brevibus csespitosis 
prostratis v. ascendentibus laxe foliosis, foliis radicalibus et rosulatis v. inrarnos 
alternis petiolatis obovatis v. oblaticeolatis rarius linearibus integerrimis v. 
rnarginibus remote subcrenatis interdum albo-cartilagineis, scapis gracilibus 
robustisve elongatis nudis 1-floris, floribus 4-5-meris inclinatis, calycis tubo 
obconico lobis ovato-subulatis, corolla campanulata recta v. obliqua pallide 
lilacina lobis ovatis obtusiusculis patenti-recurvis, antheris subsequilongis 
obtusis v. 1-2 apiculatis. 

W. saxicola, A. DC. Monog. Campan. 144; Prodr. vol. vii. p. 433 ; HooTc.f. Fl. 
Tasman. p. 239, t. 71; Handb. of N. Zeald. Flora, p. 170; Benth. Fl. 
Austral, vol. iv. p. 138. 

W. albomarginata, Hook. Ic. PI. t. 818. 

Steeleskia rnontana, Hook.f. in Lond. Journ. Bat. vol. vi. p. 267. 

The Wahlenbergias represent in the southern hemis- 
phere the Campanulas of the northern 3 and the little species 
here figured so closely carries out the generic representation, 
that it bears the name of the Blue-bell in the New Zealand 
Colonies. Its only near ally is the common W. agrestis of 
Australia and New Zealand, which is a tall slender 
branched leafy plant, with much smaller flowers ; but it is 
so very variable in all respects, that I have ventured to 
think that W. saxicola may be a mountain form of it, 
characterized, like so many alpine forms of lowland plants, 
by the reduced stem and leaves and larger higher-coloured 
flowers. In fact, our own Blue-bell {Campanula rotundifolia) 
has varieties quite as different from one another as Wahlen- 
bergia saxicola is from W. agrestis, and the differences are 
of the same nature. This view is in some respects sup- 
ported by the fact of W. saxicola and agrestis both growing 
in Tasmania, where the former is as abundant a lowland 

march 1st, 1882. 

weed as it is in New Zealand, and the latter confined to an 
elevation of about 3000 feet on Mount Wellington. 

I am indebted to the rich collection of Mr. Isaac 
Anderson Henry, of Trinity, Edinburgh, for this interesting- 
plant, which flowered with him in July of last year. 

Descb. Perennial, quite glabrous, branching from the 
root or forming a short rootstock ; branches short, slender, 
leafy, prostrate or ascending. Leaves either in radical 
rosettes or alternate on the branches, one-half to one and a 
half inch long, narrowly spathulate or oblanceolate or 
linear, obtuse or acute, quite entire or obscurely crenate or 
toothed, margins sometimes white and cartilaginous. Scapes 
several, four to six inches high, slender or stout, green, 
usually quite naked, sometimes with one or two small 
linear leaves towards the base, one-flowered. Flowers very 
variable in size, one-half to nearly one inch broad, inclined. 
Calyx-tube obconic ; lobes ovate-subulate, much shorter than 
the corolla-tube. Corolla campanulate, pale lilac, oblique 
or straight ; lobes broadly ovate, acute, spreading and re- 
curved, about as long as the tube. Stamens four or five, 
subequal or two rather longer than the others ; filaments 
broadly dilated, almost square, ciliated, suddenly contracted 
beneath the anther, which is linear-oblong subacute or 
with the two longer apiculate. Ovary two- to three-celled. — 
/, D. H. J_ 

Fig. 1, Flower with the corolla removed ; 2, stamen ; 3, longitudinal section of 
the ovary : — all enlarged. 



Brooks -Day^onta? 

Tab. 6614. 

TALAUMA Candollei, var. Galeottjana. 

Native of Java ? 

Nat. Ord. Magnoliaceje. — Tribe Magnolie.e. 
Genus Talacma, Juts. ; (Bcnf/i. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 18.) 

Talauma Candollei ; ramulis ultimis pedunculisqtie s-erieeo-tomentosis v. pubescvn- 
tibus, foliis petiolatis elliutico-laneeolatis acuminatis firme coriaceis basi acutis, 
floribus nutantibus, sepalis oblongo-spathulatis concavis petala subsequantibus, 
petalis flavis exterioribus obovato-oblongis, interioribus subunguiculatis. 

T. Candollei, Blame, Bijdraq. vol. i. p. 9 ; Ft. Jav. 32, t. 9, et 12 a; Lindl. in 
Bot. Reg. t. 1709 ; Bot. Mag. t. 4251. 

Var. Galeottiana, foliis angustioribus sepalis petalisqueangustioribus suba?qu ; longis. 

The plant here figured was presented by the late M. Van 
Houtte under the name of Magnolia Galeottiana, presumably 
a Mexican species, and as such was grown in a cool pit in 
the Royal Gardens, Kew, for six years, when (in July last) 
ib blossomed and was figured for this work. On com- 
paring it, however, with the Herbarium specimens of 
Magnoliacese, we find on the one hand nothing at all like it 
from the American Continent, and on the other an almost 
if not altogether similar plant from Java, to which I can 
with much confidence refer it, specifically retaining the 
name it bore in Van Houtte's garden as that of a very 
slight variety. 

The genus Talauma is one of the handsomest amongst 
the Magnoliacece ; and what is very remarkable is, that it 
occurs in South America as well as in tropical and sub- 
tropical Asia. Very few species of it have been introduced 
into this country, and this is the only one that has flowered 
in Europe. T.Hodgsoni, of the Himalaya, a noble species 
with leaves sometimes nearly two feet long, is in cultivation 
at Kew, and there are three other species in British India 

mabch 1st, 1882. 

that have not yet been introduced. The plant here figured 
flowered in a cool pit ; the species is, however, a tender 
one, and usually cultivated in a stove. It is deliciously 

Descr. An evergreen shrub ; branches terete and leaves 
quite glabrous, young shoots and peduncles silkily pubescent 
with brown hairs. Leaves four to seven inches long, 
narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acute at both ends, thin but 
rigid, bright shining green above, darker beneath; nerves 
faint, nervules finely reticulated; petiole one-half to one 
and a half inch long, grooved in front, margins of the 
groove ciliate. Flowers three inches in diameter, nodding, 
on curved peduncles one-half to one inch long. Sepals 
oblong and subspathulate, convex, pale yellow-brown, 
obtuse. Petals nearly as long, outer obovate-oblong, inner 
clawed, all dull yellow and very concave. Column of 
stamens and pistil small for the size of the flower, about 
half an inch long. Stamens appressed to the ovaries, 
linear, subsessile ; connective produced into a triangular tip. 
Ovaries subcylindric ; stigma decurrent, recurved at the 
tip, grooved down the centre; ovules two. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen ; 2, ovaries : — both enlarged. 


Tab. 6615. 

Native of the Andes of Quito. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Nepete-E. 
Genus Scutellaria, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f, Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1201.) 

Scutellaria (Heteranthesia) Hartwegi; gracilis, erecta, caule petiolis et inflo- 
rescentia puberulis, foliis petiolatis ovatis subacuimnatis remote crenato-serratis 
basi rotundatis truncatis v. eordatis supra glabris subtus rubro-purpureis nervis 
puberulis, floralibus minutis linearibus herbaceis, raeemo simplici erecto, Horibus 
alternis breviter pedicellatis, caivce brevi 2-fido, corolla pilosa pollicari coccinea 
lente curva, tubo gracili superne lente inflato, limbo parvo, labio superiore 
brevi obtuso, inferiore decurvo brevi subrotundato violaceo breviter 3-fido, 
ovario stipitato stipite obliquo basi tumido. 

S. Hartwegi, Benth. PL Hartweg. p. 214, et in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 415. 

This handsome plant belongs to a section of Andean 
Scutellariae, the limits between which are hard to define. 
The type of them is S. coccinea, Kunth, a species discovered 
by Humboldt, and described as having obtuse quite entire 
leaves, violet-purple beneath, and scarlet flowers. Still 
nearer to the present plant is 8. Ventenatii of this work 
(Plate 4271), in which the leaves are green beneath, and the 
scarlet corollas shorter, with a broader limb of one colour ; 
it hardly differs from S. incarnata, Vent. (Plate 4268), of 
which a variety, Trianai, is figured at Plate 5185. In fact 
Bentham, the accurate monographer of the genus, gives it 
as his opinion, as quoted under the last-cited plant, that 
8. incarnata, Ventenatii, and Hartwegi may be varieties of 
one species. "Whatever may be the case with the first two 
of these three, the last (our plant here figured) may at once 
be distinguished from both by the longer more slender 
corolla with the limb scarcely broader than the tube, and 
by the larger leaves being of a beautiful violet-purple 

march 1st, 1882. 

I am indebted to Messrs. Veitch for the specimen figured 
of 8. Hartwegi, which flowered in their nurseries in May, 
1881. It is a native of the western declivity of the Andes 
of Quito, where it was discovered by Hartweg, who calls it 
a half- shrubby perennial. 

Dksce. A slender half-shrubby perennial, with pubescent 
branches petioles leaf-nerves beneath and inflorescence. 
Leaves two to two and a half inches long, ovate, acuminate, 
remotely obscurely crenate-toothed, base truncate rounded 
or cordate, dark green above, red-purple beneath ; petiole 
oue-half to three-fourths of an inch long. Racemes four to 
six inches long, terminal, stout, erect, slender; floral 
leaves (or bracts) small, linear ; pedicels alternate, one- 
eighth to one-sixth of an inch long. Flowers subsecund, 
an inch long, spreading. Calyx small, green ; lips short, 
obtuse, upper horned in flower, the horn produced in fruit 
into a flat shield-like process. Corolla scarlet, hairy, many 
times longer than the calyx ; tube slender, inflated beyond 
the middle; limb small, hardly broader than the tube; 
upper lip short, obtuse ; lower rounded, decurved, violet- 
purple, three-fid. Stamens included ; anthers small, didy- 
mous. Ovary four-lobed glabrous, terminating a stout 
curved stipes which is tumid at the base. Style capillary. — 

Kg. 1, Calyx and style; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, ovary and its stipes ; 4 and 5, 
side and back view of calyx of immature fruit :— all enlarged. 


L.Rseve & C° London 

Tab. 6616. 
ANTHUEIUM Andbjsanum. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. AuoiDEiE. — Tribe Orontieje. 
Genus Anthueium, Schott ; {Prodr. St/st. Aroid. p. 436.) 

Anthurium Andraanum ; caudice brevi v. subelongafco, foliis elongato-ovato- v. 
oblongo-cordatis acutis sinu profando acuro nervis numerosis, petiolo gracili 
elongato geniculo elongato cylindraceo, pedanoalo gracili petiolum longe 
superante, spatha deflexa v. horiznntali subpeltata ovato-rotundata acuta 
explana^a basl prof'unde cordato-2-loba lobis rotundatis superpositis inter 
nervos elevatoa lacunosa coccinea, spadice spatlise sequilonga paullo decurva, 
floribus pallidis rhombeis, periantbii fbliolis 3-gonis vertice truncatis latioribtis 
quatn longis, filamentis brevibus subquadratis, antberarum loculis parallel*!* 
contiguis oblongis, ovario oblongo, stigmate diseiforme. 

A. Andraeanum, Linden in Illust. ILortic. vol. xxiv. p. 43, t. 271 ; Enjler in A, DC. 
Monogr. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 160 ; Masters in Qard. Chron. 1880, p. 4U0, 
fig. 83 ; Rev. Sortie. 1S81, p. 170. 

This is certainly one of the gaudiest plants that have been 
of late years introduced into cultivation, far exceeding in 
all points of foliage and in size of spathe, though hardly in 
richness of colouring, the now well-known A. Scherr.erianum 
(so inadequately represented in Tab. 5319 of this work). 
It is a native of the province of Choco, in New Grenada, 
at an elevation of about 4000 feet, and was discovered 
there many years ago by M. Triana, the indefatigable 
explorer of that State, who, previous to M. Andre's visit to 
South America, directed his attention to the region of its 
growth as an almost unexplored one, abounding in new and 
interesting plants. The Kew Herbarium is indebted to the 
enterprising traveller and introducer of the plant, whose 
name is so well associated with it, for a reduced sketch of 
the whole plant, a tracing of a full-sized leaf, and an ex- 
cellent dried specimen of both leaf and inflorescence* 
There is also in the Kew Herbarium a specimen of it 
collected at Popayan by Lehmann, presented by Dr. 

APRIL 1st, 1882. 

Reichenbach. The specimen here figured flowered at Kew 
in September, and was presented in 1880 by Mr. Linden, 
to whose establishment the plant was originally sent in 
1876, and where it was flowered in 1877. The spadix is 
figured and described as yellow, with a white band, which 
latter I do not observe in the Kew specimen, and suspect 
it to be due to the shedding of the pollen. The Spanish- 
American name is " Capotillo Colorado." 

Descb. Bootstoclc about as thick as the finger, short or 
elongate, chiefly subterranean. Leaves six to ten inches 
long by four to six broad, spreading or deflexed, elongate 
oblong- or ovate-cordate, deeply cordate with rounded 
lobes and narrow sinus, acute, bright green, reticulated on 
both surfaces when dry ; nerves many, arching ; petiole as 
long as the blade, slender, terete, with a cylindric swelling 
at the top. Peduncle much longer than the petiole, slender, 
terete. Spathe subhorizontal or deflexed, subpeltately at- 
tached, three to four inches long by two to three broad, 
broadly ovate-cordate, with raised reticulating nerves and 
broad lacunas between them, vivid scarlet. Spadix as long 
as the spathe, horizontal and decurved, cylindric, gradually 
narrowed from the base to the obtuse tip, yellowish white. 
Flowers rhombic. Perianth leaves short, broad, trigonous, 
truncate. Stamens included, filaments subquadrate ; 
anther-cells oblong. Ovary oblong; ; stigma discoid, sessile. 
—J.D.1I. _ & ' * 

Fig, 1, 11 dured figure of whole plant; 2, two flowers; 3 and 4, stamens; 
5, ovary :— 2 to 5 all enlarged. 




T Boo»o !. PO T nnHr.n 

Tab. 6617. 

ANDROSACE eotundifolia, var. macrocalyx. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Peimulaceje.— Tribe Pbihuleje. 
Genus Andbosace, Linn.; (Benth. et Eooh.f. PI. Gen, vol. ii. p. 632.) 

Andeosace rotundifolia ; perermis, estolonifera, pubescenti-pilosa, foliis omnibus 
radicalibus rotundatis basi cordatis multilobulatis lobulis crenato-dentatis, 
scapis elongatis, bracteis foliaceis obovatis v. spathulatis Integra v. inciso- 
dentatis, pedicel lis elongatis, calycis lobis corollam superantibusovatis obovati.sve 
integris v. dentatis, corollse lobis obcordatis, ovario breviter turbinate vertice 

A. rotundifolia, Hardtoiclce in Asiat. Research, vol. vi. p. 350 (non Smith, nee 
Duby in DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 54). 

A., incisa, Wall, in Roxb. Fl. Ind. Ed. Carey et Wall. vol. ii. p. 16 ; Cat. 616 ; 
Duby, I. c. 

A. cordifolia, Wall, in Asiat. Research, vol. xiii. p. 351, et in Roxb. Fl. Ind. I. c. 
17 ; Duby, I. c. 

A. parviuora, Jacquem. MSS.; Duby, I. c. 

A. elegans, Duby, I. c. 55. 

Vae. macrocalyx ; laxe villosa, foliis 1-2 poll, diam., involucri bracteis foliaceis 
obovato-spatbulatis incisis, calyce maximo lobis late obovatis dentatis. 

This plant has been the subject of unaccountable mis- 
conceptions on the part of several authors. It was found 
by Col. Hardwicke in the year 1796, and well described by 
him in the Asiatic Researches in 1801, with the locality, "on 
the most elevated ridges of mountain S.W. of Sirinagur " 
(Shree-nagur in Kumaon). This description and locality 
are both copied by Wallich in the Edition of Roxburgh's 
Flora Indica which he and Carey edited; but to the 
description he has added under notes of his own, that this 
plant has been fully described by Smith in his Exotic 
Botany (vol. ii., p. 107, t. 113), "where Behar and Nepal 
are stated to be its native countries," and that he has 
numerous specimens collected in the Turaya and about 
Katmandu (in Nepal). Now the plant figured by Smith 
as Hardwicke's A. rotundifolia has nothing to do with that 
plant, neither is it a native of the mountains, but is the 
A. saxifragccfolia, Bunge, of China and Japan (A. carnosula, 
apbii 1st, 1882. 

Duby), a species remarkable as being the only thoroughly 
tropical one ; for it extends from Calcutta to the base of 
the Himalaya, and ascends the hot valleys only of these 
mountains, hardly reaching even a temperate elevation. 
The true A. rotundifolia, on the other hand, occurs chiefly 
between 4000 and 8000 feet, though sometimes extending 
down to 2000, and in the drier western ranges it ascends 
to 10,000 and even 14,000 feet. 

A. rotundifolia is one of the first Himalayan plants ever 
described as such; it is also one of the most sportive species 
throughout its wide range of distribution, which includes 
the whole Himalaya from Sikkim to Kashmir, "Western 
Tibet, and Afghanistan. Of its varieties, that here 
figured is the largest and most developed, the bracts 
becoming leafy, and the calyx-lobes very large and deeply 
toothed ; between this, and forms only two inches high, 
with entire oblanceolate acute bracts a quarter of an inch 
long, flowers no broader, and ovate acute entire calyx- 
teeth, there is every intermediate form to be found ; and 
in still another variety, as fully developed as that figured, 
the calyx-lobes are linear-oblong or oblanceolate, and half 
an inch long. 

I am indebted to my indefatigable correspondent, Mr. 
Isaac Anderson Henry, for the living plants here figured ; 
they were raised from seed sent him by Augustus Johnstone, 
Esq., and flowered at Hay Lodge in June of last year. 

Desck. (ofY 'AK.macrocalyx). Softly hairy, without stolons. 
Leaves all radical, one to two inches in diameter, orbicular- 
cordate,lobulate, lobules obtusely three-toothed or -crenate; 
petiole equalling the blade, ticapes slender, longer than 
the leaves. Invohicral bracts leafy, half an inch to one 
inch long, obovate-spathulate, deeply toothed. Flowers 
numerous ; pedicels one inch to one and a quarter inches 
long, spreading. Calyx one-half to two-thirds of an inch 
in diameter; tube small, obconic; lobes large, obovate, 
deeply toothed. Corolla much smaller than the calyx, 
pale rose-coloured, lobes obcordate. Ovary turbinate, with 
a circular depressed top. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with corolla removed ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, ovary -.—all 
enlarged. V 


Wifj >\ 

- < 



Vincent Broo'ks Day 8l Son Imp 

L Reeve kC° London 

Tab. 6618. 
amorpha canescens. 

Native of the United States. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^:. — Tribe Galege.33. 
Genus Amoepha, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook./, Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 492.) 

Amoepha canescens ; suflrutex erectus, strictus, cano-tomentosus v. puberulns, foliis 
confertis erecto-patentibus sessilibus lineari-elongatis, foliolis 10-2l-jugis 
approximatis ellipticis oblongisve apiculatis basi rotundatis glanduloso-punctatis, 
stipulis stipellisque rainutis, spicis apicem versus caulis subpaniculatis axillaribus 
et terminalibua breviter pedunculatis elongatis erectis strictis multi-conferti- 
floris, calycis dentibus ovato-lanceolatis, vexillo brevi dolabriformi oblique trun- 
cate, explanato orbiculari-obovato, legumine calycem vix superante 1-spermo. 

A. canescens, Nutt. in Fras. Cat. et Gen. vol. ii. p. 92 ; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 256; 
Pursh. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 467 ; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 139 ; Torr. 
et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. i. p. 306 ; A. Gray Man. Ed. 5, 130 ; Chapm. Fl. 
S. U. States, p. 94. 

This, the " Lead Plant " of the United States, is said to 
be so called from a belief that its presence indicates the 
presence of that ore in the soil — a superstition probably 
due to the leaden hue of the plant ; a better name is that 
of the genus, M Bastard Indigo." The geographical range 
of A. canescens is very extensive, from the Red-River settle- 
ment in British America, southward to Georgia and 
Louisiana, and even Florida. It is a very beautiful plant, 
though making little show on a drawing, the amethystine 
blue standard, and golden yellow of the anthers, of the 
numerous flowers in numerous racemes, contrasting well 
with the dull silvery foliage. According to Loudon, it 
was introduced into England by Lyon in 1812 ; but it was 
never common, and soon went out of cultivation. He 
observes of it, that like all the other species of the genus, 
it requires to be well cut in every year, or to be planted in 
very poor soil, or it will not preserve its vitality for any 
length of time. 

apbix 1st, 1882. 

The specimen here figured is from a plant which flowered 
in the Arboretum of the Royal Gardens in August, and 
was presented by M. Van Volxem, of Brussels, a most 
liberal contributor of rare trees and shrubs to this establish- 

Desce. An undershrub two to four feet high, hoary 
with soft short tomentum, or ashy with a slighter pubes- 
cence, quite erect, very leafy. Leaves close-set, sessile, 
spreading on all sides, three to five inches long by three- 
quarters of an inch to an inch broad ; rachis slender ; 
leaflets ten to twenty-five pairs, close-set and produced 
along the whole length of the rachis, sessile or shortly 
petiolate, oblong or elliptic, obtuse or apiculate, dull pale 
green with glandular dots ; stipules and stipellae minute, 
subulate. Spikes numerous towards the ends of the 
branches, axillary and terminal, very shortly peduncled, 
slender, strict, erect, very many-flowered. Flowers one 
quarter of an inch long, horizontal. Calyx green, subcam- 
panulate, five-toothed, the lower tooth longest. Standard 
about twice as long as the calyx, hooded, obliquely truncate, 
bright amethystine blue. Wings and heel none. Stamens 
shortly united at the base, filaments exserted; anthers 
bright yellow. Ovary villous. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, standard ; 3, stamens and ovary ; 4, stamens ; 5, ovary : — all 



lucent, Brooks. 

LUeeve Jr. C° London 

Tab. 6619. 


Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Pipebace.e. — Tribe Pipebe^:. 
Genus Pepebomia, Ruiz et Pav.; (Be?itA. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 132.) 

Pepebomia resedceflora ; glaberrima, caule erecto ramoso, foliis orbiculato-cordatis 
subacutis 7-9-nerviis radicalibus rosulatis longe petiolatis caulinis oppositis v. 
3-natim verticillatis, amentis clavellatis in raeemos terminates erectos albos 
longe pedunculatos dispositis, bracteis libeiis orbieularibus peltatis, antheris 
brevibus filamento brevi, ovario emerso obovoideo, stigraate sessili terminali. 

P. reseJaeflora, Andre, L'lllust. Sortie, vol. i. t. 26. 

This singular plant, introduced in 1865 by Mr. Braam 
into Mr. Linden's establishment at Brussels, was so easily 
propagated and so attractive that, according to M. Andre, 
who first described it in 1870, it in two years became so 
general a favourite as to be found in all stoves; thus 
justifying his expression regarding it, borrowed from our 
horticulturists, that it is " a plant for the million." Though 
so well known itself, there is some obscurity about the 
name it should bear. Andre rightly indicates its general 
affinity to P. secunda, P. Cotyledon, and P. umbellata, and 
adds that there is but one plant in the Paris Herbarium 
that is very close to it, namely, one found by Spruce in the 
Andes of Equador in 1857, which bears on the ticket, 
" Pep. secunda} affinis." Now this plant of Spruce is also 
in the Kew Herbarium ; it is the number 5552 of his 
distributed specimens, and though having orbicular-cordate 
leaves, is referred by Casimir De Candolle (Prodr. vol. xvi. 
part i. p. 398) from specimens in the Geneva Herbarium to 
P. Fraseriy a species described as having cordate-lanceolate 
leaves. It differs from P. resedceflora in its larger size, 
suffruticose stem below, abruptly acuminate leaves, and 
much larger, longer, more crowded catkins. 

Whether P. resedceflora differs from P. Cotyledon, Bentli. 
(Cas. DO. 1. c. 401), is more doubtful; in habit the two 
entirely agree, for P. Cotyledon, though described in the 
Prodromus as stemless, has an erect simple stem (as 
Bentham indeed states), the inflorescence and flowers are 

apiul 1st, 1832. 

identical, and the only apparent difference is that the leaves 
of P. Cotyledon are all, except the uppermost, peltate ; but 
this peltation varies in amount, and the allied Sprucean 
plant has both cordate and peltate leaves ; I therefore 
quite expect that P. resedceflora and P. Cotyledon will, when 
more material is obtained, prove identical specifically. 

Andre describes his specimen as having uniformly (on 
upwards of one hundred flowers) obscurely umbilicate tri- 
gonous apparently one-celled anthers, and remarks on the 
singularity of this structure, suggesting further, under 
great reserve, that if the character proves constant, P. 
resedceflora will constitute the type of a genus to be called 
Trigonanthera. Unfortunately the plate in the Flore des 
Serres gives no analyses; ours shows perfectly normal 

P. resedceflora is a native of the table-land of Bogota, 
where it grows on mossy trunks of oaks ; it has long been 
cultivated at Kew, but by far the finest specimens I have 
seen are those figured, which were sent by Mr. Lynch from 
the Cambridge Botanical Gardens. 

Descr. Erect, quite glabrous, succulent. Stem cylindric, 
one to one and a half feet high, red, forked or subverti- 
cillately branched above. Leaves broadly orbicular-ovate, 
dark green, radical two to two and a half inches long, 
subacute, basal sinus very narrow and short ; nerves seven 
to nine, radiating from the petiole, stout, reddish beneath ; 
petiole stout, two to three inches long, terete ; cauline 
leaves opposite or whorled in threes, smaller shorter- 
petioled, very pale beneath. Peduncles one to three at the 
ends of the branches, two to three inches long, simple or 
with small opposite or solitary lateral branchlets, naked or 
with a few minute scattered imperfect amenta below the 
inflorescence. Amenta in short conical or long cylindric 
conical topped racemes, white, spreading, clavellate, obtuse, 
a quarter to a third of an inch long. Bracts orbicular, 
peltate, stipitate. Stamens several in each flower ; fila- 
ments very short ; anthers shortly oblong. Ovary pyrif orm 
or obovoid, top rounded, with a very minute sessile stigma. 
— J. D. H. 

Fig. I, Portion of amentum with flower; 2, bracts; 3, stamens; 4, ovary; 
o, vertical section of ditto :— all greatly enlarged. 


? f '/' 





t Brook Dar&Scr in? 

-Reeve &.C? London 

Tab. 6620. 
ALOE abyssinica, var. Peacockii. 

Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe Aloine.e. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 152.) 

Aloe abyssinica var. Peacockii ; acaulis, foliis 20-30 lanceolatis sesquipedalibus e 
basi 5-6 poll, lato ad apicem sensiin angustatis pallide sordide glauco-viridibua 
margine dentibus^parvis crebris deltoideis corneis rubro-brunneis patulis armatis, 
pedunculo valde eompresso semipedali,panicuIa3ramis6-8elongatis ascendentibus, 
racemis densis oblongis, pedicellis 6-9 lin. longis, bi-acteis lanceolatis pedicellis 
paulo brevioribus, perianthii citrini cylindrici pollicaris segmentis lanceolatis 
tubo oblongo duplo longioribus, genitalibns perianthio subsquilongis, antheris 
parvis luteis oblongo-globosis. 

A. abyssinica var. Peacockii, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 175. 

Probably this fine Aloe will prove to be distinct specifi- 
cally from the original type of abyssinica, as figured in 
Prince Salmdyck's monograph of the genus (Sect, xviii., 
fig. 1) ; but as we have as yet only had a single plant of it, 
we prefer for the present to regard it as not more than a 
variety. It was contained in the fine collection of living 
plants lent lately to the Royal Gardens by J. T. Peacock, 
Esq., of Hammersmith, and flowered whilst in our charge 
in February, 1881, when the present drawing was made. 
Although a stout well-developed plant, it had no produced 
stem to the rosette, and the leaves are much broader than 
in typical abyssinica, of a very pale dull glaucous tinge 
and without any spots, and the tube of the perianth is half 
as long as the segments. The plant lately figured and 
described by Professor Todaro (Hort. Bot. Panorm., vol. i., 
P- 81, tab. 21) under the name of Aloe percrassa has 
similar leaves, in combination with a perianth in shape 
very like that of typical abyssinica, but cinnabar-red instead 
of yellow. 

Descr. Leaves twenty or thirty in a dense sessile rosette, 
apbil 1st, 1888. 

lanceolate, a foot and a half long, five or six inches broad 
near the base, narrowed gradually to the pungent point, 
the colour a pale dull glaucous-green without any spots, 
the centre half an inch in thickness, the margins with close 
spreading deltoid spines with horny reddish-brown tips. 
Inflorescence as long as the leaves, a panicle with six or 
eight ascending branches; peduncle much flattened, glaucous, 
half a foot long; racemes oblong, dense, three or four 
inches long; pedicels about half an inch long, articulated 
at the tip; bracts lanceolate, rather shorter than the 
pedicels. Perianth lemon-yellow, cylindrical, an inch long; 
tube oblong, half as long as the lanceolate segments. 
Stamens finally reaching to the tip of the perianth-seg- 
ments, or a little exserted ; anthers minute, round-oblong ; 
pollen yellow. Ovary oblong, yellow ; style straight, 
reaching finally to the tip of the perianth-segments. — 
J. G. Baker. 

«/fL g ;i'^?° WerC 7 Ut0p , en; 2 ' antI >'-'-s; 3, pistil; J, horizontal section of ovary:- 
act more or less enlarged. 


MS. del J.NRtch lath 

Vincent Brooks Day & Sonli* 

L Peeve &. C°london 

Tab. 6621. 


Native of China. 

Kiit. Ord. Leguminosje. — Tribe Bauhiniej!. 
Genus Batjhinia, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 575.) 

Batjhinia (Phanera) corymbosa ; alte scandens, inflorescentia sparse ferrugineo- 
pilosa excepta glaberrima, raraulis sulcatis, foliis infra medium v. ad basin fere 
2-partitis, segmentis dimidiato-oblongis basi et apice rotundatis 3-4-nerviis, 
corymbis terminalibus ramulosque breves terminantibus, calycis lobis 2 tubo 
cylindraceo multo brevioribus,petalis obovato-rotundatis unguieulatis patentibus, 
margimbus crenulato-crispatis, staminibus perfectis 3 petalis subsequilongis, 
legumine lineari 6-8-pollicari f-poll. lato, 6-12-spermo, valvis coriace's laevibus. 

B. corymbosa, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 329, t. 70; Prodr. vol. ii. p. 515; Wall. 
Cat. 5788 (non DC. Mem. Legum. t. 70). 

B. scandens, Burm. Fl. Ind. 94 (non Linn.). 

There has been some confusion between the plant here 
described and the very closely allied B. glauca, Benth., 
from both being natives of China, and their being almost 
undistinguishable in dried specimens except these possess 
fruits. B. corymbosa was first described, and exceedingly 
well, by Roxburgh, from plants introduced from China 
into the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, and B. glauca by 
Bentham (Plant Junghuhn) from Javan specimens and from 
Martaban ones of YVallich (to which the MS. name Phanera 
glauca had been previously applied by Bentham). Subse- 
quently, in the Florida Hongkongensis (Kew Journ. Bot. 
vol. iv., p. 77), Bentham gives B. corymbosa as a Hongkong 
plant, which he afterwards in the Flora Hongkongensis 
corrected to B. glauca, having received fruiting specimens. 
Now, however, both B. corymbosa and B. glauca have been 
found in Hongkong, the latter certainly native, occurring 
in the Happy Valley and about East Point; whilst with 
regard to B. corymbosa there is no evidence of its being 
indigenous in that island, though I have seen very good 

apbil 1st, 1882. 

specimens, identical with native ones (but with foliage 
only) collected by Dr. Tate in the province of Quantung. 
In his Memoir on Leguminosa?, I suspect that De Candolle 
has confounded the two ; for whilst describing B. corymbosa 
alone, his figure (tab. 70) intended for that plant represents 
the foliage of B. glauca. 

In so far as I can determine, B. glauca differs (as 
Bentham has pointed out) from B. corymbosa unmistakeably 
in the large broad thin straight pod, six to eight inches 
long by one and three-quarters to two and a half inches 
broad ; it has also larger leaves, bifid, or if divided, only 
half-way down, and more truncate at the base ; whilst 
B. corymbosa has more or less curved pods five to six inches 
long by one-half to three-quarters of an inch broad, with 
smaller more coriaceous leaves, more cordate at the base, 
and these are divided more deeply, usually, as Roxburgh 
describes them, three-quarters of the way down. 

B. corymbosa is one of the most beautiful of climbing 
plants. The specimen here figured was sent me from Sir 
G. MacLeay's fine gardens at Pendle Court, Bletchingly, 
in May of last year. 

Descr. A woody climber, branching from the ground, 
glabrous except the young shoots and sometimes the 
inflorescence, which is then covered with rusty shining 
scattered hairs. Branches grooved; tendrils opposite, 
revolute. Leaves one and a half to two inches long, 
divided to the middle or usually deeper; lobes parallel, 
oblong, with the outer edge, base and tip rounded, and 
the inner edge nearly straight, two- to four-nerved, bright 
pale green ; petiole one-half to one inch. Corymbs terminal 
and on short subterminal branches, shortly peduncled, 
many-flowered ; bracts small, filiform. Flowers rosy, one 
inch in diameter. Calyx-tube one-half to three-quarters of an 
inch long, three times as long as the two boat-shaped 
lobes. Petals spreading, obovate-orbicular, margins crisped 
and crenulate. Stamens three, perfect as long as the petals, 
anthers and stout filaments bright red; imperfect filiform 
with twisted tips. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of calyx-tube with stamens and style; 2, anthers; 3, imperfect 
stamens ; 4, section of portion of ovary : — all enlarged. 


H.S.aelJ NFitch.Utli 

lay & San Imp 

Tab. 6622. 
PHAL^ENOPSIS Stuartiana. 

Native of the Philippine Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e.— Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus PhaLjENOpsis, Blume ; (Endl. Gen. PI. p. 204.) 

Phal^enopsis Stuartiana; foliis pedalibus anguste elliptico-oblongis obtusis crasse 
coriaceis luride viridibus subtus basim versus punctis rubris conspersis junioribus 
marmoratis, floribus amplis numerosis in paniculam decurvam laxam longe 
pedunculatam dispositis, ramis divaricatis, bracteis parvis coriaceis basi ovarii 
appressis, perianthio 2 poll, diam., sepalis ellipticis obtusis dorso pallide 
viridibus lateralibus intus et extus rubro punctulatis, petalis sepalis duplo 
majoribns rotundato-quadratis eburneis, labello aureo rubro-maculato, segmentis 
lateralibus oblique obovatis obtusis, callis inter lobos 2-nis cuneato-quadratis 
terminali orbiculari apice appendice bicruri cruribus subulatis incurvis 

P. Stuartiana, Eeichh.f. in Qard. Chron. New Ser. vol. xvi. p. 748, fig. 149; T. 
Moore in the Florist and Nomologist, 1882, p. 49, t. 559. 

This is a very interesting species of the noblest genus of 
East Asiatic Orchids, allied to P. amabilis (Tab. 4297), P. 
grandjflora (Tab. 5184), and P. Schilleriana (Tab. 5530), 
all distinguished by the curious forked appendage at the 
tip of the labellum, and the large open panicles of white, or 
nearly white, flowers. As Dr. Reichenbach notices, its 
nearest ally is P. Schilleriana, the affinity with which is 
shown by the leaves, which are in that plant always mottled, 
being so in the young state of this. The flowers of P. 
Stuartiana are more numerous than in any of its congeners. 
The learned authority just cited states, that 120 have been 
counted on one panicle, and that in dried specimens in his 
possession, the flowers rival those of P. amabilis in size. It 
would, therefore, not surprise us if it proved that a panicle 
of this plant in full flower covered a greater area than does 
the single inflorescence of any other Orchid. 

P. Stuartiana was introduced by Messrs. Low, through 
their collector, Mr. Boxall, and flowered for the first time 

mat 1st, 1882. 

at Clapton in December last, and is named in compliment 
to Mr. Stuart Low by Dr. Reichenbach. 

Desce. Stem very short, with flattened creeping roots. 
Leaves two to three, a foot long and upwards, narrowly 
elliptic-oblong, obtuse, very coriaceous, dull yellowish-green 
above, paler and reddish beneath, young mottled above, older 
towards the base and beneath speckled with red. Panicle 
branched, drooping, many -flowered ; peduncle long, slender, 
branches divaricate; bracts small, coriaceous, ovate, ap- 
pressed to the base of the ovary, which is an inch long. 
Perianth two inches in diameter, spreading. Sepals equal, 
elliptic, obtuse ; dorsal pale green without and within ; 
lateral pale green, speckled with red on the half next the 
lip. Petals much larger than the sepals, nearly orbicular, 
obscurely four-angled, white with a few purple dots towards 
the base. Lip golden or orange-yellow, speckled with 
crimson and with white tips to the lobes ; lateral lobes 
obliquely obovate, obtuse, or almost hatchet-shaped; two 
calli between their bases are broadly cuneate, truncate, 
bright yellow, speckled with red ; terminal lobe orbicular, 
with a forked appendage at the tip, the prongs subulate 
incurved. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side view of flower; 2 and 3, pollinia : — both enlarged. 



Yince-ntBrooVs 1) ay &. San Imp 

L Reeve &_C° London 

Tab. 6623. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Malpighiaceje. — Tribe Banisteeieje. 
Genus Stigmaphyllon, A. Juss.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 257.) 

Stigmaphyllon littorale; ramis petiolis foliis subtus et inflorescentia pubescenti- 
bus v. tomentosis, foliis orbicularibus ovatis v. late oblongis basi rotundatis v. 
cordatis acutis obtusis apiculatisve integerrimis v. sinuatis, petiolo elongate 
apice 2-glanduloso, pedunculis axillaribus petiolo longioribus, corymbis simpli- 
cibus v. corapositis multifloris, pedicellis floriferis decurvis demum erectis, 
sepalis ovatis obtusis glandulis magnis, petalis sepalis multo majoribus orbicu- 
laribus unguiculatis erosis unguibus sepala superantibus, staminibus calycem 
vix superantibus valde dissimihbus, 5 ceteris multo minoribus unperfectis, 
connectivo crasso granulato, ovario trilobo, stylis crassiusculis apice in appen- 
dicem foliaceam dilatatis. 

S. littorale, A. Juss. in St. Sit. Fl. Bras. Merid. vol. iii. p. 55 ; Walp. Bej?. 
vol. v. p. 212 ; Griseb. in Mart. Fl. Bras. Malpigh. p. 40. 

Banisteeia bonariensis, Hook, et Am. in Hook. Bot. Misc. vol. iii. p. 157. 

The plants of the Natural Order Malpighiacece are not 
often seen in cultivation, though many of them are hand- 
some, and those of the genus Stigmaphyllon are especially 
adapted for clothing pillars, &c, in hothouses, from their 
copious very persistent foliage, which is singularly free 
from insects (a peculiarity probably due to the disposition 
of the forked hairs of their surfaces), and abundant golden 
blossoms. The only species of the genus hitherto figured 
in this work is 8. heterophyttum (Tab. 4014), also a native 
of South Brazil, which has smaller opposite leaves and 
much shorter peduncles. 

S. littorale is a native of South Brazil, Uraguay, Buenos 
Ayres, and Monte Video, growing on river banks, where it 
produces large tuberous roots of an astringent nature. It 
has been in cultivation in the Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh 
and Kew, and flowers in the autumn profusely. 

Descr. A tall leafy climber; brauches, leaves beneath 

MAY 1st, 1882. 

petioles, and inflorescence clothed with a grey pubescence 
or tomentum ; hairs with two divaricating perfectly hori- 
zontal branches. Stem and branches slender, terete. Leaves 
opposite and alternate, long-petioled, two to five inches 
long, variable in breadth and shape, orbicular ovate or 
oblong, acute obtuse or apiculate, base rounded or cordate, 
dark green and glabrous above, quite entire or margin 
sinuate ; petiole two to three inches long, flexuous, biglan- 
dular at the apex. Peduncles axillary, solitary, erect, 
longer than the petioles, many-flowered. Flowers in 
terminal simple or compound corymbs ; pedicels one-half 
to one and a half inch long, at first strongly decurved, 
then erect, often bracteolate in the middle. Sepals small, 
ovate, obtuse, with a pair of large glands on four of them. 
Corolla golden-yellow, an inch in diameter. Petals unequal, 
two larger than the rest, orbicular clawed, erose, the claw 
longer than the sepals. Stamens ten, filaments united 
below, five much smaller than the rest with large granular 
connectives and minute anthers ; of the five others two 
have very large anthers, and three smaller ones. Ovary 
three-lobed ; styles three, exserted, stout, each terminated 
by hooded broadly sagittate stigmatiferous appendage. — 

( Fig- 1, Flower with petals removed ; 2, stamens and pistil ; 3, front and back 
views of largest anthers; 4, three smaller anthers; 5, front and back views of 
middle-sized anthers; 6, vertical, and 7, transverse section of ovary; 8, ovule; 
9, hair from branch -.— all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks Day iSon -top 

Tab. 6624. 


Native of Mexico. 


Genus Pinguicula, Linn. ; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 989. 

Pinguecula candata; sparse glanduloso-puberula, foliis ovali-oblongis obtusis 
sessilibus v. in petiolum brevem angustatis, corolla? violaceo-purpureai lobis 
patentibus lateralibus obovatis apice rotundatis inferiore cuneato-obovato apice 
truncato v. retuso angulis rotundatis, calcare decurvo cylindraceo acuto lobo 
inferiore longiore v. brevioi'e. 

P. caudata, Schlecht. in Linncea, 1832, p. 393 ; Benth. PI. Hartweg. p. 70. 
A. DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 28. 

P. Bakeriana, Sanders in Gard. Chron. New Ser. vol. xv. p. 541, fig. 102. 

To any one unfamiliar with the changes of form which 
some plants undergo in different stages of development, it 
would be difficult to realize the figure here given of the 
fully formed state of P. caudata, to be the same species as 
that figured under the name of P. Bakeriana in the 
" Gardeners' Chronicle." The fact is, that as our own 
specimens at Kew show, the leaves of young plants are very 
short, ovate, acute, extremely numerous, recurved, densely 
imbricate, forming a compact hemispherical cushion, and 
overlap from the centre outwards so closely that their acute 
tips alone are exposed. As the plant grows larger and 
larger, leaves are thrown out from the crown, of an obovate 
form, till at last these attain the size and appearance repre- 
sented in our plate. Singularly enough, the plant flowers 
freely in both stages, but it is only in the last that the 
flowers attain the great dimensions of our figure. 

In the Kew Herbarium there are numerous specimens of 
this species from damp shady woods in Mexico, and these 
display a great variation in size, in the shape of the leaf, 
from obovate to oblong, and from sessile topetiolate; in the 

MAT 1st, ibS2. 

length and robustness of the scapes ; the size of the flower, 
from one-half to one and a half inch in diameter; and, 
above all, in the length of the spur, from one- sixth to one 
inch long. 

I am indebted to Mr. Sanders, of St. Albans, for sending 
to the Koyal Gardens a fine healthy plant of this remarkable 
species, which arrived in the state figured in the " Gardeners' 
Chronicle," but in the following year assumed that here 

Desck. More or less glandular-pubescent in the leaves 
above scapes and calyx. Leaves in the young plant small, 
ovate, acute, densely imbricate in an orbicular rosette; in 
the older plant few, ■spreading and recurved, one to four 
inches long by one and a half to three inches broad, obovate, 
obtuse, with a thick obscure midrib, dull pale green with 
dirty purplish margins. Scapes five to seven inches long. 
Flower deep bright violet-purple. Calyx-lobes oblong or 
obovate-oblong, obtuse. Corolla one to two inches in 
diameter; tube very short indeed; limb spreading, deeply 
lobed ; four lateral lobes obovate, with rounded tips ; lower 
lobe cuneate-obovate, tip broad, retuse. Stamens very 
short, included in the tube, filaments glandular. Ovary 
depressed-globose, glandular ; stigma sessile, very broad, 
transversely two-lipped. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of scape with stamens and ovary : — enlarged. 



Vmcenl Broolc Day k Son Imp 

Tab. G625. 


Native of the Mountains of India. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.ze. — Tribe Ophetde^!. 
Genus Satyeium, Thunb. ; (Endl. Gen PI. p. 211.) 

Satteitim nepalense ; glaberrimum, gracile v. robustum, foliis ovatis v. lanceolatis 
acutis, nervis validis, bracteis flores superantibus lanceolatis inferioribus reflexis, 
floribus roseis, sepalo antico lineari-oblongo obtuso deflexo, lateralibus multo 
majoribus oblongo-ovatis obtusis, petalis sepalo antico multo minoribus oblongis 
obtusis recurvis, labello cucullato dorso carinato marginibus recurvis crenatis, 
calcaribus ovarium brevioribus oequantibus v. superantibus. 

S. nepalense, Don Prodr. 26 ; Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 929 ; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid. 340, and in Journ. Linn. Soc. Pot. vol. iii. p. 44. 

S. Perrottetianum, A. Pick, in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, vol. xv. p. 76, t. 5 ; Wight, 
I. c. t. 1716. 

S. albiflorum, A. Rich. 1. c. ; Wight, I. c. t. 1717. 

S. Wightianum, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 340, and in Journ. Linn. Soc. I. c. ; 

Wight, I. c. t. 1718. 
S. pallidum, A. Bich. I. c. 
S. ciliatum, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 340, and in Journ. Linn. Soc. I.e. p. 44. 

This is the commonest Orchid in the hills of India, 
abounding in the Himalaya from Simla eastward; also 
found in the Khasia Mountains, in those of the Deccan 
Peninsula from the Bababooden Hills to Travancore, and 
in Ceylon. The elevation it attains varies with the climate. 
In the north-western Himalaya it ranges between 4000 and 
8000 feet, in the eastern between 6000 and 12,000; in the 
Khasia it is found at 4000 to 6000 feet, and in the 
Nilgherry Hills and in Ceylon at about the same. Of the 
six species to which this plant has given rise, there is not 
one presenting a shadow of a good character ; as many 
could with equal reason be made of our common reins 
latifolia, which has nearly as wide a range in Europe 
(from Norway to South Morocco) as S. nepalense has in 
India. Wight, indeed, retains and figures the type, 

MAT 1st, 1882. 

together with Perrottetianum, albiflorum, and Wightianum, 
but says that they grow intermixed and present no constant 
characters. Lindley in his Contributions to the Orchidology 
of India (Journ. Linn. Soc.) unites PerrotteUanwm, albi- 
florum, and pallidum with nepalense ; and keeps Wightianum 
and ciliatum distinct, relying on the dwarf habit and blunt 
dense spike of the former, and the stout spurs of the latter. 

8. nepalense is hardly an ornamental, though highly 
curious and very sweet-scented plant, differing from 
European genera in the twin spurs descending from the 
lip and lying on the ovary. It is the only Indian species 
of the genus, which is otherwise African, extending from 
Abyssinia to the Cape. The scent of the flower is much 
like that of the common Gymnadenia conopsea. The Royal 
Gardens are indebted to Mr. Elwes for tubers, which he 
sent from Sikkim, in 1881, to Kew. It flowered in both 
his garden and that of Kew at the same time, namely, in 
January of the present year. 

Dbsce. An erect glabrous leafy terrestrial fragrant Orchid, 
very variable in stature, foliage, and number of flowers, 
from six to thirty inches high. Stems from the thickness 
of a crow-quill to that of the finger. Leaves alternate, 
two to eight inches long by one to four inches broad, ovate 
or lanceolate, strongly ribbed, loosely sheathing at the 
base, sheaths ribbed. Spike two to six inches long, dense- 
or lax-flowered ; bracts exceeding the flowers, lanceolate, 
green, the lower often an inch long and reflexed. Flowers 
about three-fourths of an inch long. Perianth pale or deep 
rose-pink. Sepals small, dorsal linear- oblong obtuse 
decurved, lateral much larger ovate-oblong obtuse recurved ; 
sepals much smaller than the dorsal sepal oblong obtuse 
recurved. Lip very concave, helmet-shaped with reflected 
crenate border and two spurs that equal the ovary, or are 
longer or shorter than it. Column pedicelled; anther- 
cells dorsal, stigma very broad. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front and, 2, back view of flower; 3, front and, 4, side view of column ; 
5, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 


^ncentBroolcs Da/ & Sonlmp 

Tab. 6626. 
globba atko-sanguinea.' 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^:. — Tribe Globbeje. 
Genus Globba, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. PI. p. 222.) 

Globba atro-sangiiiriea ; vaginis foliis subtus et inflorescentia pubescentibus, foliis" 
ovato- v. elliptico-lanceolatis utrinque acuminatis saturate viridibus, spica 
simplioi erecta, bracteis inferioribus remotis oblongis convolutis superioribus 
coccinei's oVatis explanatis patulis v. recurvis, ovario oblongo, calycis cylindracei 
infra medium 8-lobi tubo brevi lobis subulato-lanceolatis, corolla? tubo gracili 
glabra cal3'ce triplo longiore, lobis brevibus late ovatis acutis, labello oblongo 
basi 2-lobo lobis rotundatis, anthers alisprofunde 2-fidis laciniis triangularibus" 

G. atro-sanguinea, Teijsm. et Birinend. Plant. Nov. Hort. Bogor. no. 117- 

G. coccinea, Sort. (Gard: Chron. vol. xvi. p. 23, in Report of Scientific Committee 
of B. H. S.). 

Under G. Scliomburgldi (Tab. 6298) will be found some 
remarks on the curious genus Globba, so little known under 
cultivation, though so' common in tropical Asia and its 
islands. When it flowered, it was exhibited at the Scientific 
Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society, and being 
supposed to be a new species, was named provisionally 
G. coccinea (see Gard. Chron. New Ser. vol. xvi. p. 23) ; it is 
however undoubtedly the G. atro-sanciuinca of Messrs. 
Teijsmann and Binnendijk, described in 1863 from Bornean 
specimens introduced into the noble gardens of Buitenzorg 
in Java. 

This beautiful plant was procured by Mr. Burbidge 
during his travels in Borneo (of which he has given us an 
excellent account in his " The Gardens of the Sun "), and 
was raised by his employers, Messrs. Veitch, who forwarded 
it to the Magazine for figuring in July of last year. 

Desck. Stem slender, strict, erect, two to three feet high. 
Leaves three to four inches long, sessile on the sheath, 
elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at both ends, dark green 

may 1st, 1882. 

above with yellowish margins, pale beneath and there loosely 
pubescent ; sheath red-brown, pubescent, closely clasping 
the stem throughout its length. Spihe strict, erect, spar- 
ingly shortly branched, pubescent; lower flowerless bracts 
distant, spreading, or erect, one-half to three-fourths of an 
inch long, oblong-lanceolate, convolute, red-brown ; upper 
or flowering bracts crowded, ovate, acute, spreading and 
recurved, bright-red, as are the rachis and branches. 
Flowers one and a half inch long, glabrous. Ovary oblong 
and calyx red, the latter tubular cleft two-thirds down into 
three narrow acuminate segments. Corolla pale yellow ; 
tube very slender, three times as long as the calyx, limb 
short; outer segments ovate, acute, not one-fourth the 
length of the tube ; inner smaller. Lip oblong, base two- 
lobed, lobes short rounded. Filaments as long as the 
corolla-tube ; anther-wings divided two-thirds way down 
into triangular ncute lubes. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, anther ; 3, ovary, hypogynous glands, and base of style ; 
4, stigma ; 5, transverse section of ovary -.—all enlarged. 



Day &, Son Imp 

Tab. 6627. 
APHELANDRA Chamissoniana. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthacejs. — Tribe Justicieje. 
Genus Apuelandka, Br. (Bentk. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1102.) 

Aphelandba Chamissoniana; fruticon, ramulis puberulis exceptis glaberrima, 
ramis teretibus, foliis elliptieo-lanceolatis longe acuminatis apicibus obtusius- 
oulis membranaceis in petiolum longe angustatis supra saturate viridibua 
secus costam nervosque albidis subtus pallida, spica sessili late oblong; 1 , 
bracteis dense imbricatis late ovato-lanceobttis longe acuminatis recurvis flavin 
spinoso-dentatis, corolla glabra flava, tubo bracteis longiorj aequali liuilo 
subaequaliter 5-fido quadruplet longiore. 

A. Chamissoniana, Nees in Mart. Ft. Bras. fasc. 7, p. 90, et in DC. Vrodr. 
vol. xi. p. 299. 

A. punctata, Hort. Bull. (Catal.TZo. 184, 1882, p. 25). 

Though I have seen no authentically named specimen of 
Aphelandr a Chamissoniana, and though the latter is described 
by Nees as having a scarlet corolla, I can hardly doubt the 
plant here figured being referable to that species. The 
native country of Nees' A. Chamissoniana is St. Catharina 
in South Brazil, from whence there is an unnamed Aphe- 
landra in the Kew Herbarium, communicated by F. Mueller, 
agreeing with Nees' description and with Mr. Bull's plant 
in every particular, except possibly the colour of flower, 
which cannot be ascertained from the dried specimen. In 
Mueller's specimen it has the same brown hue that both 
yellow- and scarlet-flowered species assume in that state. 
Nees indeed had seen but one specimen, and that a Herba- 
rium one collected by Chamisso early in the century, and 
probably guessed at the colour. It is hardly conceivable 
that there should be at St. Catharina two species with suck 
remarkable bracts agreeing in every particular but the 
colour of the corolla. 

This beautiful plant was raised from seed imported by 

june 1st, 1882. 

Mr. Bull, with whom it flowered in November of last year. 
It was provisionally named A. punctata in reference to the 
dotted white edges of the pale bands on the leaves. 

Desce. A weak shrub, glabrous except the young 
branches and petioles, which are minutely pubescent. Stem 
woody, slender, branches terete. Leaves four to five inches 
long, membranous, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at both 
ends, narrowed at the base into a slender petiole, tip 
obtuse, deep green above with broad white bands along the 
courses of the midrib and nerves, pale beneath. Spike 
terminal, sessile, three to four inches long by two to three 
broad, bright yellow throughout except the buds and tips of 
the bracts, which are green. Bracts one and a half inch long, 
decussately closely imbricate, ovate-lanceolate, strongly 
recurved, concave, tip very slender, margins strongly 
spinous-toothed ; bracteoles filiform, longer than the calyx, 
rigid. Calyx one- third of an inch long; sepals narrowly 
lanceolate, acuminate, with needle-like tips. Corolla-tube 
one and a half inch long, slightly curved, nearly equal 
throughout, glabrous ; limb one-fourth the length of the 
tube, lobes nearly equal in length, upper bifid, lateral and 
lower ovate subacute. Anthers linear-oblong, subequal; 
connective hairy, of the inner pair most so. Ovary 
glabrous. — J. D. II. 

Fi^. 1, Lateral anthers; 2, one of the inner pair ; 3, ovary and disk; 4, vertical, 
and 5, transverse section of do. : — all enlarged. 



^t Brooks Day 8^ 

Tab. 6628. 


Native of Guatemala. 

Nat. Ord. OfiCHlDEiE. — Tribe Maxillarte^. 
Genus Ccelia, Lindl. ; (JEndl. Gen. PL p. 190 ) 

Ccelia bella ; pseudo-bulbis ovoideo-globosis subcompressis Iscvibus, foliis anguste 
ensiformibus subgramineis longe acuminatis striato-nervosis 3-5-costatis, 
vaginis elongatis, scapo brevi paucifloro erecto, vaginis amplis scariosis distiehe 
imbricatis cymbiformibus acuminatis, bracteis spathaceis elongato-lanceolatis 
erectis membranaceis, floribus 2-2| pollicaribus erectis, perianthio tubuloso- 
infundibulari extus pallide stramineo intns albo apicibus sepalorum et petalorum 
patentibus roseo-purpureis, sepalo dorsal i oblongo obtuso, lateralibus cum basi 
columns? in mentum elongatum apice 2-lobum productis decurrentibus, labello 
breviter unguiculato elongato sensim in auriculas (lobos laterales) breves obtusas 
dilatato et in apicem linguaeformem (lobum terminalem) auream recurvam 
supra callosam producto, ovario gracili 9-alato. 

C. bella, Reichb.f. in Walp. Ann. vi. 218. 

Bifbenaeia bella, Lemaire Jard. Fleuriste, vol. iii. t. 325 (1853). 

Bothbiochiltjs bellus, Lemaire III. Hortic. vol. iv. p. 30 (1856). 

The curious genus Goelia seems divisible into two sections 
by the characters of the inflorescence ; of these the first 
has racemes of numerous horizontal flowers much exceeded 
by the long spreading bracts, and a shortly produced base to 
the column ; to this section belong the original 0. Baueriana, 
Lindl. (Bot. Reg. 1842, Tab. 36), C. macrostachya, Lindl. 
(Plate 4712 of this work), and some undescribed species. 
In the plants of the second section the flowers are few, 
erect, longer than their bracts, and the base of the column 
is produced to twice its own length, giving a long tubular 
or infundibular aspect to the flower. To this belong the 
plant here figured, together with C. Guatemalensis, Reichb. f. 
(in Walp. Ann. vi. 219). For the second of these the genus 
BothriocMlus is proposed by Lemaire, but it has no cha- 
racters to stand upon, and indeed it is very probable that 
plants with intermediate characters will be found uniting 
the groups. 
junk 1st, 18S2. 

The reputed native country of G. bella is He St. Catherine, 
where it is said to have been discovered by M. F. Devos 
when travelling for Messrs. Verschaffelt ; but it is no doubt 
(like its congeners) a central American plant, for there is 
a specimen of it in Lindley's Herbarium collected in 
Guatemala by Mr. Skinner, under the name of G. picta, 
Batem. MSS. with the note, that it inhabits " a very damp 
climate " (temp. 68° to 80°)," and is found " in thick fog on 
trees, also terrestrial." Whether the word " fog " is used in 
the English sense of visible moisture in the air, or in the 
Scotch one of moss, may be doubted. 

Ccelia bella has been long in cultivation ; the drawing 
here given was made from a plant that flowered in Kew in 
December last. . 

Desce. Pseudo-bulbs one and a half to two inches long, 
globose or ovoid, somewhat compressed, smooth, green. 
Leaves several, six to ten inches long, elongate ensiform, 
finely acuminate, three- to five-nerved, striate, pale green, 
narrowed into long slender ribbed sheaths. Scape two to 
four inches long, clothed with distichous imbricating tumid 
ovate-lanceolate acuminate brown sheaths. Flowers three 
to four, erect, two inches long. Perianth tubular below, 
funnel-shaped above, yellowish, white with rose-purple tips 
to the segments, and an orange-coloured mid-lobe of the 
lip. Dorsal sepal oblong, obtuse, erect, lateral, produced 
an inch below the ovary, and there adnate to the pro- 
duced base of the column. Lip erect, slender, gradually 
dilated upwards into two narrow rounded lateral lobes ; 
mid-lobe tongue-shaped, recurved, subacute, the whole face 
covered with an orange callus. Column slender, top three- 
toothed. Pollen masses eight, in four pairs. Ovary nearly 
an inch long, slender, angles three-winged. — /. D. JL 

Fig. 1, Column and Up ; 2, front, and 3, side view of column ; 4, front, and 5, 
back view of anther-case ; 6, two pairs of pollen masses : — all enlarged. 


MS.del J.NJitch lith. 

Vincent Brooks Day 4. S c 

L. Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6629. 
SCRQPHULABIA chrysantha. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. ScF.orHULABiNE.ffi. — Tribe Chelonea 
Genus Sceophijlaeia, Linn; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 937.) 

Sceophtjxabia (Venilia), chrysantha ; laxe patentim glanduloso-pilosa, inferne 

{>lus minusve lanata, caule robusto folioso, foliis ovato- v. orbiculari-cordatis 
obulatis et serrulatis convexis rugosis floralibus amplis, cymis ad apicem 
caulis dense congestis multifloris, pedunculis foliis floralibus brevioribus, 
pedicellis calyce brevioribus, calycis glanduloso-puberuli laciniis oblongo- 
lanceolatis immarginatis, corolla aurea inflata ovoidea ore oontracto, lobulis 
minutis subsequalibus truncatis, filamentis exsertis styloque puberulis gla- 

S. cbrysantba, Jaub. et Spach III. Plant. Orient, t. 221 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iv. 
p. 390. 

S. minima, DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 303, non Bieberst. 

S. congesta, Stev. JEnum. Taur. p. 267. 

The genus Scrophularia, containing nearly a hundred 
real or supposed species, presents so little worthy the 
attention of horticulturists, that the present is the first 
species that has ever found a place in a volume of either 
the Botanical Magazine or Eegister, or indeed of any 
British or foreign work devoted to the illustration of 
garden plants. 

As a species S. chrysantha is closely allied to the European 
8. vernalis, L., differing in habit and in the dense flowered 
cyme of much larger golden flowers. It was first published 
by Bentham in De Candolle's " Prodromus," under the 
name of S. minima, Bieberst., from specimens sent from 
the Caucasus by Prescott. Subsequently Jaubert and 
Spach pointed out that Bieberstein's S. minima, was a 
different plant, much smaller, with a close viscid pubescence 
and red flowers, and they proposed for this the name it 
now bears. Its native countries are the Caucasus and 
Armenia, at Teflis, and Erzeroom. Our plant flowers freely 
in a cool frame at Kew, in March, as a pot-plant. 

JUNE 1st, 1882. 

Descr. A stout biennial erect herb, covered with lax soft 
spreading glandular hairs, often woolly at the base of the 
stem, which is four-sided. Leaves two to three inches broad, 
ovate- or orbicular-cordate, lobulate and toothed, convex, 
rugose with strongly impressed nerves, petiole longer than 
the blade ; floral leaves like the cauline, but smaller. Cymes 
densely packed in the upper leaf axils, forming a rounded 
head two inches in diameter ; peduncles much shorter than 
the floral leaves ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Flowers 
half an inch long, inclined and drooping. Calyx cleft three- 
fourths of the way down into oblong-lanceolate divisions. 
Corolla ovoid, turgid, glabrous, golden yellow, mouth 
contracted; divisions very small, subequal, broad, retuse. 
Filaments exserted, puberulous or glabrate, as on the 
ovary and style. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and style ; 2, anthers ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of do. : — all 


M.b da ' 


L Reeve k C° London. 

Tab. 6630. 
DRACAENA Goldieana. 

Native of West Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Orel. Lilxacem. — Sub-order Aspabagace.e. 
Genus Dracena, Yandelli ; (Baker in Jbum. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 523.) 

Dbacjena Goldieana ; fruticosa, caule erecto simplici, petiolo brevi ascendente 
deorsum dilatato caulem amplectente, foliis contiguis patulis cordato-ovatis 
cuspidatis fasciis transversalibus viridibus et albidis pulchris eopiosis decoratis, 
floribus in glomerulos globosos sessiles terminales aggregates, pedicellis brevis- 
simis, bracteis niagnis latis scariosis, perianthii albi pollicaris tubo cylindrico, 
segmentis lanceolatis tubo paulo brevioribus, stammibus inclusis antheris 
oblougis albidis versatilibus, stylo deraura exserto apice stigmatoso obscure 

D. Goldieana, H~ort. Bull. ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 535 ; Andre 
in Linden III. Hort. New Ser. t. 300. 

This is one of the most valuable additions that has been 
made for a long time to our stock of plants with beautiful 
foliage suitable for stove cultivation. It was introduced 
about 1870 from West Tropical Africa by the Rev. Hugh 
Goldie, of the United Presbyterian Missionary Society, who 
sent it to the Botanic Garden at Edinburgh. Here it 
attracted the notice of Mr. William Bull, through whose 
energy it has been largely propagated and widely dispersed. 
A very large number of plants to which specific names 
under the genus Dracama have been given in gardens during 
the last twenty years are in reality not Dracaenas at all, 
but races or varieties of Corchjline terminalis. The present 
plant is a true Draccena, and is a well-marked new species 
of the same group as D. elliptica (Bot. Mag. Tab. 4787), 
differing from all its neighbours by its sessile capitate 
inflorescence. It received a certificate from the Royal 
Horticultural Society in 1873, but has only been known 
to flower quite recently. Our drawing was made from a 
plant that flowered in the Royal Gardens at Kew in March, 

juke 1st, 1882. 

Descr. Trunk simple, erect, about half a foot long in 
the flowering specimen drawn. Leaves crowded; petiole 
ascending, one and a half to three inches long, dilated and 
amplexicaul at the base; blade cordate-ovate, six to nine 
inches long, three to five inches broad, cuspidate, distinctly 
costate from base to apex, marbled with irregular trans- 
verse bands of bright green and silvery grey in about equal 
proportions. Flowers in a dense globose sessile head a 
couple of inches in diameter, surrounded on the outside by 
a few reduced leaves ; pedicels very short ; proper bracts 
large, scariose, oblong, cuspidate, clasping the lower part 
of the flowers. Perianth white, above an inch long, the 
lanceolate spreading segments rather shorter than the sub- 
cylindrical tube. Stamens inserted at the throat of the 
perianth-tube, rather shorter than the segments ; anthers 
small, oblong, versatile, cream-white. Style finally pro- 
truded beyond the tip of the perianth-segments, obscurely 
three-lobed at the stigmatose tip.—/. G. Baker. 

Fig I, A complete flower; 2, a stamen, viewed from the back; 3, a stamen, 
viewed iroia the face -.—all enlarged. 



It Y V \ 


LReeve & C°. London. 

Tab. 6631. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. TEHNSTECEMiACEiE. — Tribe Saueauje-E . 
Genus Sxachyueus, Sieb. et Zucc.; (JBenth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 184. 

Stachyttru9 prcecox; frutex subscandena, glaberriraus, ramulis teretibus 
flagelliformibus, foliis pendulis petiolatis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis tenuiter 
acuminatis serrulatis nervosis, spicis breviter peduncalatis pendulis, floribtis 
sessilibus bracteatis et 2-bracteolatis, sepalis 4 oblongis, petalis 4 late oborato- 
spathulatis coucavis, staminibus ovario brevioribus, fructibus pedicello post 
antberum elongato instructis globoso-obovoideis. 

S. pracox, Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Japan, p. 43, t. 18; Franch. et Savat. Enum. PI. 
Japon. vol. i. p. 59 ; Carriere in Rev. Sortie. 1869, p. 200, cum ic. xj/log. 

The genus Stachyurus is a very little known and very 
singular member of the same natural order as the Tea and 
Camellia plants belong to, and was long supposed to con- 
sist of a single species, a native of Japan, that here figured. 
A second, 8. himalaicus, was found in the JSTepaleso Hima- 
laya by Wallich in 1820, and is included in his Catalogue 
of Indian Plants (n. 7417), where it is noted that it was 
examined by R. Brown, who failing to discover its affinities, 
ticketed it " Frutex indetermiuatus." The same plant was 
rediscovered by Griffith in 1838 in Bhotan, and regarded 
by him as Ericaceous; and lastly by myself in 1849 in 
Sikkim, where it is common at 5000 to 8000 feet elevation. 
In habit and foliage the Japanese and Himalayan plants are 
almost identical, but the former has much larger flowers 
and longer petioles ; the length of the pedicel of the fruit 
which has been regarded as a difference (being usually 
shorter in 8. japonicus) is too variable in both to be relied 
upon. The most remarkable character in both species is 
that which misled botanists as to the affinity of the genus, 
namely, the definite number of stamens, in which Stachyurus 

June 1st, 1882. 

differs from all the Ternstrwmiacce, indicating, however, 
no direct affinity with any other order. 

S. japonicus is a native of the mountains of Nagasaki, 
Kinsin, Nippon, Jedo, and other parts of Japan, where 
it is frequently to be met with in the gardens of the 
Japanese, and it has also been collected by Wright in the 
Loochoo Islands. The flowers are described by Oldham 
as beautiful and yellowish, and the bark as red; neither 
of which characters obtains in the cultivated specimens, 
the bark being brown and the flowers yellowish green. 
It forms a slender straggling bush, ten feet high, in the 
Temperate house at Kew, flowering in March, but it has 
not formed fruit. 

Desce. A rambling perfectly glabrous shrub, ten feet 
high, with slender cylindric flexible branches, and pendent 
branchlets. Leaves deciduous, four to six inches long, 
ovate or ovate-lanceolate, finely acuminate, serrulate, often 
oblique, bright green, thin and membranous ; nerves many, 
oblique ; nervules transverse ; petiole half to one and a 
quarter inch long. Spikes axillary, two to three inches 
long, curved, shortly peduncled, many-flowered ; peduncle 
and rachis stout. Flowers one-third of an inch in diameter, 
subglobosely campanulate, sessile or very shortly pedicelled; 
bracts small, scale-like, broadly ovate, acute, keeled; 
bracteoles two, twice as large as the bract, coriaceous, 
ovate, acute. Sepals oblong, two outer small, two inner 
twice as large. Petals broadly obovate-spathulate, concave, 
much larger than the sepals. Stamens eight, hypogynous, 
shorter than the ovary, filaments slender, the alternate 
ones shorter. Anthers small, didymous. Ovary obovoid, 
obtusely four-angled, contracted into short style; stigma 
capitate, four-lobed. Fruit globose or obovoid, one-third to 
half an inch long, tipped by the style, pericarp coriaceous, 
four-celled. Seeds very numerous ; testa crustaceous, pale 
brown, shining. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, two petals, stamens and pistil ; 3, petal ; 4, stamens and 
ovary ; 5, vertical, and 6, transverse section of ovary ; 7, diagram of flower ; — 
all enlarged. 




I, Reeve & C°. London 

Tab. 6632. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace.5:. — Tribe Bbomelie.b. 
Genus Biixbebgia, Thunb. et Holm. (Roem. et Schultes Si/st. Veg. vol. vii. p. 71.) 

Bilibeegia Eupliemim; acaulis, copiose stolonifera, foliis 5-6 lanceolatis rigidis 
suberectis diinidio inferiori arete convolutis ad apicem sensim angustatis 
sordide viridibus utrinque tenuiter albo-lepidotis baud fasciatis, aculeis mar- 
ginalibus minutis deltoideis, pedunculo albo-lepidoto foliis breviori bracteis 
lanceolatis scarioeis obscure rubellis, racemis laxis cernuis 6-12-floris, bracteis 
inferioribus magnis lanceolatis, ovario oblongo-trigono, sepalis oblongo- 
lanceolatis subacutis rubellis, petalis lingulatis basi appendiculatis apice 
splendide violaceis ungue flavo-viridibus, staminibus petalis distincte breviori- 
bus, stigmatibus arete convolutis. 

B. Euphemia}, E. Morren in Belg. Sort. vol. xxii. (1872), p. 11, t. 1-2. 

Of all the Bromeliacece, the greatest favourites with culti- 
vators have been the Billbergias with large persistent violet- 
tipped flowers and lax drooping or erect racemes. They 
are all natives of Central and Southern Brazil, where they 
grow with Orchids and other epiphytes on trunks in the 
forests. The present plant is a comparatively new species 
of this group, of which B. vittata, Moreliana, macrocalyx, 
Sawidersii, and iridifolia are the best-known garden re- 
presentatives. Its history is not quite clear, but it has 
been known for some time in the Belgian gardens (where 
from its copiously-stoloniferous habit it is sometimes called 
Billbergia repens), and it is believed to have been originally 
introduced by De Jonghe. It was first described and 
figured in a flowering state by Professor Morren ten years 
ago, and named in compliment to Madame Morren. We 
have had it for many years at Kew, and it flowered with 
us in 1878, and now again in 1882, when the present 
drawing was made. It grows so freely that I have no 
doubt it will hold its ground in our conservatories. 

JCNE 18T, 1882. 

Descr. Acaulescent, copiously stoloniferous. Produced 
leaves five or six in a closely convolute rosette, which is 
cylindrical in the lower half, about a foot long, one and a 
half or two inches broad, horny in texture, narrowed 
gradually to an acute point, dull green on both surfaces, 
covered, especially beneath, with a thin layer of white lepidote 
scales, not at all fasciated, the marginal prickles minute, 
deltoid. Peduncle nearly as long as the leaves, reddish, 
terete, farinose, furnished with several scariose lanceolate 
dull reddish bract-leaves. Flowers six to twelve in a lax 
drooping raceme with a mealy flexuose rachis, nearly sessile, 
the lower ones subtended by large lanceolate scariose 
bracts, like those of the peduncle. Ovary oblong-trigonous, 
a third or half an inch long. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 
horny, reddish, subacute, longer than the ovary. Petals 
lingulate, about two inches long, with a greenish-yellow 
claw, with a pair of small fimbriated basal scales and 
bright violet-coloured tip. Stamens shorter than the petals ; 
anthers linear-oblong, versatile, bright yellow. Stigmas 
protruded beyond the anthers, strongly convolute. — J- G. 

Fig. 1, Petal, with stamen, life size; 2, a basal scale of the petal; 3 and 4, 
anthers ; 5, stigmas ; 6, horizontal section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


Br o ha D ay & Son Imp 

Tab. 6633. 
COLUMNEA Kalbreyeei. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneraceje. — Tribe Cyrtanbre.*:. 
Genus Columnea, Linn.; (Bentk. et Ilook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1009.) 

Columnea (Collaudra) Kalbreyeri ; fere glaberrima, caule robusto tcreti, foliis 
sessilibus valde disparibus subtus sanguineis majoribus eiongato-oblon^is 
acuinlnatis recurvis imequilateris integerrimis v. serratis, urinoribus parvia 
ovatis acuminatis, fioribus magnia aureis in cymas v. fascieulos pancifloroa 
axillares ibliaeeo- bract eatos dispositis. sepalis ovato-lanceolatis longe-acnminatia 
iutegerriinis v. serratis, corolla? tubuloso-infundibulari piloso tubo lato basi 
sub-gen iculato lobis brevibus rotundatis. 

C. Kalbreyeri, Ilouk.f.; Masters in Gard. Chron., 1882, pp. 44, 217- 

This superb plant belongs to the same division of the 
genus Columnea as G. aureo-nitens, Hook., figured at 
Plate 4294 of this work, and to which the generic name of 
Gollandra was given by Lemaire, in the Flora des Serres 
(1847, under t. 223), but which is rightly referred to a 
section of the old genus by Bentham in the Genera Plan- 
tarum. There is a closely allied species still to be intro- 
duced from the base of Chimborazo, which has green leaves 
with blood-red tips, and there are, no doubt, others in that 
rich region of vegetation equally worthy of introduction 
into our stoves. 

Columnea Kalbreyeri was discovered by the collector 
whose name it bears, when travelling for Messrs. Veitch, 
in the forests of Cinegetas, province of Antioquia, where it 
grows on trees. Its discoverer says of the leaves, that 
they are seen from a far distance, the upper " surface being 
spotted and marked, the marks shining as if illuminated." 
The contrast between the brilliant hues of the upper surface, 
consisting of a bright pale green suffused with yellow in 
patches, and the opaque glowing blood-red of the under 
surface, forms one of the most striking of the many com- 
july 1st, 1882. 

binations of colour in the foliage of plants. In a notice of 
the plant in the M Gardeners' Chronicle," cited above at 
p. 44, the leaves are inadvertently described as dull green, 
and mottled with creamy orange on the under surface, and 
as having green veins. 

I am indebted to Messrs. Veitch for the opportunity of 
naming and figuring this magnificent plant, which flowered 
in his establishment in January of the present year. 

Descr. Stem short, somewhat woody below, quite 
glabrous, cylindric, as thick as the middle finger, pale 
green. Leaves in very close-set imbricating distichous 
pairs, of which one is small, the other very large, the pairs 
alternating in respect of their sizes, giving a fan-shaped 
appearance to the foliage ; all are sessile, pale green above, 
suffused with yellow in patches, and blood-red beneath; 
larger leaves twelve to eighteen inches long by two and a 
half to three inches broad, narrowly falcately oblong, re- 
curved or subrevolute, acuminate, unequal-sided below, 
quite entire or serrated, somewhat keeled beneath, the 
lateral halves ascending from the midrib with recurved 
margins, midrib and nerves beneath very stout. Flowers 
in fasciculate leafy cymes three to four inches long, at the 
axils of the leaves by which they are hid from above ; bracts 
many, yellow-green, or the lower green and red ; flowers 
pedicelled. Sepals one to one and a half inch long, elliptic- 
ovate, long-acuminate, quite entire or serrate, pale yellow, 
midrib very thick. Corolla two to two and a half inches 
long, broadly tubular, swelling upwards, hairy, golden 
yellow streaked with red, mouth oblique ; lobes subequal, 
short, rounded, concave. Filaments glabrous, united into 
a tube below. Disk-glavd very large, semicircular. Ovary 
elongate-ovoid. — J. D. H. 

Pljf. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2 and 3, stan ens ; 4, stigma ; 5, ovary and large disk- 
gland -.—all enlarged. 



Brooks Day ; < 

LRceve &. C° London 

Tab. 6634. 


Native of Southern Italy. 

Nat. Ord. Ahoide^:. — Tribe Euabe^. 
Genus Abisaettm, Targ, Tozetti ; {JEndl. Gen PI. p. 232.) 

Abisabpsi pvoboscideum ; glabevrimum, folio solitario, petiolo elongato cra.'so, 
lamina sagittata obtusa v. apiculata, lobis posticis oblongis obtusis paullo 
recurvis, pedunculo brevi basi va^inato spatha breviore, spathae tubo breviter 
late cylindraceo basi truncate obtuso pallido, lamina olivacea superne lateovata 
repente incurva et in caudam longiswimam proboscidean! decurvam dein 
erectam tubo pluries longiorem desinente, spadice brevi sparsiflora, appendice 
crassa cylindracea obtusa incuvva basi intrusa. 

A. proboscideum, Savi, Bot. Arch. vol. iv. p. 102, et observ. 6, exEngler in A. DC. 
Monogi'. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 565; Sehott. Meletem. vol. i. p. 16; Synops. 
Avoid, p. 4 ; Pvodv. Avoid, p. 24 ; Blume Humph, vol. i. p. 91 ; Kunth. Ennm. 
pi v. vol. iii. p. 15 ; Caruel, Prodv. Fl. Tosc. (566, et SuppL p. 49, et in Nuov. 
Giovn. Bot. vol. xi. p. 7, t. 1 ; Pavlatore, Fl. Italian, vol. ii. p. 238. 

Arum proboscideum, Linn. Sp. PI. ed.ii. p. 1370 (Sabbat. Hovt. Roman, vol. ii. 
t. 78; Bocconi, Mus. di Plant, vol. ii. t. 50; Bavrelier Icones, t. 1150). 

This singular plant is the second and only other species 
of the genus, the type of which, A. vulgare, was figured at 
Plate 6023 of this work. From this latter A. proboscideum 
diners so remarkably in the creeping rootstock (in contrast 
to the tuberous one of the type) and in the prodigious 
proboscidiform elongation of the spathe (which is truncate 
in A. vulgare), that it is remarkable that Sehott, in his 
multiplication of the genera of the Order, did not separate 
the two generically. Sehott is, however, one of the few 
of the notorious multipliers of genera who invariably 
founded these on definite, though too trivial characters, and 
his works on Aroideoe will always maintain their high 
character for their accuracy, and for the singularly sagacious 
views they display of the affinities of the genera of this 
Order, which is one of the most difficult to analyze from 
dried specimens, and difficult to classify when analyzed, of 
july 1st, 1882. 

any in the vegetable kingdom. During the revision of the 
Order for the " Genera Plantarum," I have been through- 
out impressed with Schott's great excellence as a systematist, 
his powers of observation, and discernment of affinities. 

Arisarum proboscideum is a very rare plant ; the only 
localities assigned to it by Engler are shaded woods of the 
Upper Arno, and the Apennines, along which range it 
extends from the far-famed Valle Ombrosa, near Florence, 
to the latitudes of Rome and Naples. 

The specimen here figured came from the rich, collection 
of the late lamented G. C. Joad, Esq., of Wimbledon, which 
he bequeathed to the Royal Gardens, where it flowered in 
a cool greenhouse in February last. 

Descr. Rootstoclc subterranean, horizontal, creeping, as 
thick as a goose-quill. Leaves solitary or few, each with a 
short obtuse basal sheath ; petiole four to six inches high, 
stout, cylindric ; blade three to four inches long by one to 
two inches broad, hastate, middle lobe ovate or oblong, 
obtuse or apiculate, margins recurved, lateral lobes as long 
as the middle one or shorter, obtuse, rather recurved. 
Scape not half the length of the petiole, stout, with a single 
basal sheath. Spathe erect, one to one and a quarter inch 
long without the proboscis, which is often five inches long ; 
tube broadly cylindric, rather inflated below, where it is 
truncate with the scape intruded, pale grey-white ; upper 
part olive-green, horizontal and decurved, narrowed into 
the proboscis, the filiform apex of which is first decurved, 
and then ascending becomes very slender and erect ; mouth 
of spathe small, deep olive-purple. Spadix included, 
cylindric, ending in a stout subclavate obtuse club, which 
is curved within the curved part of the spathe, and the base 
of which is intruded. Filaments very short ; anthers 
broadly reniform, one-celled, dehiscence transvers3. Ovaries 
very few^ at the base of the spadix in front, subglobose, 
one-celled, with many erect, slender, clavate, orthotropous 
ovules ; style very short, stigma capitate.—/. D. H. 

__ Fig. 1, Spadix and flowers ; 2, vertical section of appendix ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 
o, ovaries ; 6, vertical section of an ovary ; 7, ovules -.—all enlarged. 




VincenlBroote Day b. Son Lith 

L Reeve 8cC° London 

Tab. 6635. 
TULIPA Bobszczowi. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. LiriACE^;. — Tribe Tuiipe^. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn. ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 275.) 

Titlipa Borszczowi ; bulbo ovoideo, tunicis exterioribus intus adpresse pilosis, 
caule glabra unifloro ^-l^-pedali, foliis 3-4 lanceolatis suberectis glaucis facie 
canaliculars margine obscure ciliatis, pedunculo stricto erecto, perianthii 
saturate lutei segmentis conformibus oblongis cuspidatis basi macula parva 
rubro-brunnea notatis exterioribus dorso rubro sutFusis, staminibus perianthio 
subduplo brevioribus, antheris magnis, filamentis glabris antberis brevioribus, 
ovario cylindrico-trigono stigmatibus magnitudine mediocribus. 

T. Borszczowi, Begel in Begel et Herder Enum. Plant. Semenoid. pt. iii. p. 115 ; 
Kegel Fl. Turkest. vol. i. p. 137, tab. xxi. figs. 5-7. 

This is another of numerous new tulips discovered by 
the Russian explorers during their recent investigations in 
Central Asia. Of familiar types it comes in between 
Gesneriana and australis, having the broad glaucous leaves 
and glabrous filaments of the former, but a perianth in size 
and colouring more like those of australis or Orphanidea. 
It was first gathered by the explorer after whom it is named 
nearly twenty years ago on the Karakum Steppe near the 
Sea of Aral, flowering in May. It is figured in Eegel's 
Mora of Turkestan, and no doubt is quite hardy, but as yet 
we know very little of it in England as a living plant. Our 
figure is drawn from specimens that flowered at Kew in 
March of this present year, the bulbs of which were received 
from Dr. Kegel. 

Descb. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter, with 
dark-brown membranous outer tunics, thinly coated with 
adpressed hairs inside. Stem erect, glabrous, one-flowered, 
not more than half a foot long in our specimens, but said 
to attain a foot or a foot and a half. Leaves three or four, 
lanceolate, suberect, glaucous, channelled down the face, 

Jclt 1st, 1882. 

obscurely ciliate on the edges, the largest four to six 
inches long by an inch broad. Peduncle robust, glabrous, 
stiffly erect. Perianth campanulate, bright yellow, an inch 
and a half long ; segments all six uniform in shape, oblong, 
cuspidate, half as long as broad, furnished with a small 
deltoid red-brown blotch at the base, the three outer flushed 
with red over the back. Stamens about half as long as the 
perianth ; anthers bright yellow, nearly half an inch long; 
filaments shorter than the anthers, without any hairs at 
the base. Ovary cylindrical-trigonous, the three stigmas 
about as broad as its diameter. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, One of the segments of the perianth, life size; 2, stamen, viewed from 
the back ; 3, stamen, viewed from the face ; 4, pistil : — all more or less enlarged. 


YincentBioolcsIUy &-Son Imp 

L Reeve & C!° T.nnrtr,n 

Tab. 6636. 
STREPTOCARPUS paeviplora. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. GESNERACEiE. — Tribe Cybtandre.r. 
Genus Stbeptocabfus, Lindl.; (Bent A. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1023.) 

Stbeptocarpus parvijlora; foliis plurimis suberectis sessilibus oblongis v. ovato- 
v. lanceolato-oblongis obtusis cremilatis dense lanuginosis, nervis impressis 
rugosis scapis gracilibus pilosis plurifloi'is, bracteis parvis oblongis, calycis pilosi 
segmentis lineaii-laneeolatis, corollaB alba3 tubo recto glanduloso-piloso lobis 

S. parviflora, E. Meyer Zicei PJl. Docum. p. 152 (nomen tantum), ex Harv. MSS.i 
C B. Clarke, Monog. Cgrtandr. in A. DC. Monog. Phanerog. ined. 

The genus Streptocarpus comprises plants of very different 
modes of growth. The type of the genus — the old S. Rexii, 
Lindl. (see our Plate 3005, under Didi/mocarpus) — was 
introduced in 1826 ; it resembles the present species in habit, 
but differs in the single-flowered scapes, which, however, 
spring from the very bases of the leaf-blade, as in our plant. 
The next species that flowered in our gardens (in 1855) 
was the beautiful S. polyanthus, Hook. (Plate 4850), which 
bears a single horizontal leaf, and whose many-flowered 
scapes arise in succession along a considerable length of the 
midrib on the upper surface of the leaf ; and which further 
differs from the type species in the almost salver-shaped 
corolla with a curved tube and obovate crenulate spreading 
lobes. In the same year, S. Gardeni, Hook., flowered 
(Plate 4862), a many-leaved species, with the scapes more 
radical, and with the corolla- tube slightly curved, and the 
limb very distinctly two-lipped. Lastly, in 1861, the most 
beautiful species hitherto discovered was introduced, the 
8. Saundersii, Hook. (Plate 5251), which has the single 
horizontal leaf of S. polyanthus, with the scapes also arising 
from along the midrib far into the leaf, but with a corolla 
more nearly resembling that of 8. Rea'ii and parviflora, 

TLT 1st, 1882. 

All the above species were introduced into cultivation by 
the Royal Gardens of Kew ; but for that here figured we 
are indebted to the Botanical Gardens of Cambridge, which, 
under the superintendence of Mr. Lynch, are rapidly ob- 
taining a character worthy of the University for their 
botanical interest, as well as their horticultural and educa- 
tional value. 

S. ■parviflora is a native of the mountainous districts of 
the Cape Colony itself; we have seen herbarium specimens 
collected near Grahamstown by the late Dr. Pappe; at 3500 
feet elevation on Mount Boschberg, by Mr. MacOwan ; and 
near Graaf-Reinet by Mr. Bolus at 3900 feet. In its 
native country it flowers in September to November, and 
at Cambridge it flowered in June. 

Desce. Rootstock very short. Leaves suberect, numerous, 
tufted, five to nine inches long by one and a half to two 
inches broad, sessile, oblong or ovate- or lanceolate-oblong, 
obtuse, crenulate, rugose above from the numerous impressed 
nerves, densely velvety on both surfaces. Scapes longer or 
shorter than the leaves, numerous, slender, hairy ; flowers 
numerous, subpaniculate ; bracts small, obovate- oblong, 
pedicels slender, and calyx and tube of corolla glandular- 
hairy. Calyx-segment linear-lanceolate. Corolla white, with 
faint purplish streaks on the three lower lobes ; tube three- 
quarters of an inch long, nearly straight, broad but hardly 
inflated ; lobes subequal, rounded, about one-third of the 
length of the tube. Stamens and Staminodes as in the 
Order. Ovary glandular-pubescent. Capsule one and a 
half inch long. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2, calyx and ovary ; 3, stigma : — all enlarged. 




L Reeve SlC° London 

Tab. 6637. 

Native of Venezuela. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide-E. — Tribe Neottie.e. 
Genus Ponthieva, Br. ; (Benin, et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 593, ined.) 

Ponthieva maculata ; pilis patentibus elongatis laxe villosa, foliis Mttilibna v. 
in petiolum angustatis lineari-oblongis acuminatis, scapo valido, spica multi flora, 
bracteis ovato-oblongis lanceolatisve, floribus horizontalibns, o\ r ario bracteis 
2-3-plo longioribus hirsutis, sepalo dorsali anguste ovato-lanceolato, l.iteralibus 
duplo majoribus erecto patentibus late ellipticu albis brunneo maculatis longe 
ciliatis, petalis parvis ab apice columnse gracilis pendulis dimidiato-ovatis 
unguiculatis parallelis marginibus rectis contiguis, labello minuto exearato. 

P. maculata, Ann. N«t. Hist. vol. xv. p. 385; The Gardeners' Maga- 
zine, vol. i. (1850) p. 248; N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. 1882, p. 496. 

Schonleinia benigna, Klotzsch MSS. 

This is, so far as can be determined by Herbarium speci- 
mens and the few species that have already flowered in 
this country, the handsomest except one of the curious 
genus of terrestrial Orchids to which it belongs, all but 
that one of the others (a fewer, but much larger flowered 
species found by Jamieson in the Quitenian Andes) being 
in comparison insignificant plants. The genus itself was 
founded by R. Brown in the second edition of Hortus 
Kewensis (vol. v. p. 199), upon a West Indian plant 
figured nearly eighty years ago in this work as Neottia 
glandulosa (Plate 842), since which nearly twenty species 
have been added to the genus, natives chiefly of Venezuela 
and the United States of Colombia. P. maculata is not 
new to cultivation, for a reduced woodcut figure of it- was 
published upwards of thirty years ago in the " Gardeners' 
Magazine " (cited above), where, however, it is not stated 
how it was introduced, nor when it flowered. 

Mr. IV. E. Brown, in an excellent description which he 
has given of the plant in the "Gardeners' Chronicle," 
observes that from the centre of each of the spots on the 

JULY 13T, 1882. 

sepals there arises a perfectly transparent glossy appressed 
clavate hair, which can scarcely be perceived except under 
a lens. 

Ponthieva maculata has rather a wide range in geo- 
graphical distribution; there are in the Herbarium dried 
specimens from an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet on the 
Silla de Caraccas in Venezuela, collected by Linden, Crueger, 
and Fendler ; and from Colombia by Hartweg, as also by 
Funck and Schlim, at an elevation of 7500 feet, in the 
province of Pamplona. Linden describes the foliage as 
resembling that of Arnica montana, and the lower sepals as 
white spotted with red, and the petals as white streaked 
with rose, colours hardly consistent with those of the 
cultivated specimens. 

A. maculata flowered at Kew in March of the present 
year from plants purchased at Stevens' auction rooms. 

Descr. Whole plant covered sparsely with long spreading 
flaccid hairs. Boots of stout fleshy fibres. Leaves a foot 
long and less, sessile or narrowed into a petiole, from 
elliptic-lanceolate to narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, 
pale green, with few nearly longitudinal nerves. Scape 
stout, erect, longer than the leaves, bearing two or three 
short appressed acute green sheaths, and a lax raceme-like 
spike of horizontal flowers. Bracts ovate-lanceolate, much 
shorter than the slender strict ovaries, which are one inch 
long. Flowers three-quarters of an inch across the sepals ; 
perianth widely spreading, with the minute lip upwards. 
Dorsal-sepals inferior, ovate-lanceolate, acute, pale brown 
with darker streaks ; lateral sepals twice as large, broadly 
elliptic, long-ciliated, white with brown spots. Column 
slender, projecting forwards, bearing at its extremity the 
two petals which hanging down in front resemble a lip- 
Petals dimidiate-ovate, parallel and close together, clawed, 
yellow with red-brown streaks. Lip very small, fleshy, 
reflected, tongue-shaped, acute, curved, concave. Stigma 
concave, with membranous walls.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of column, two petals, tip, and (at the top) the lower part of the 
column ; 2, anthers ; 3, pollen -.—all enlarged. 



Vim-i-u' Bl mi ks D.iy ft '■ ion Imp 

Tab. 6638. 
HEDYCHIUM gracile. 

Native of the Himalaya and Khasia Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^e. — Tribe Zingibehe^. 
Genus Hedychium, Linn.; [Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 642 ined. 

Hedychittm gracile; glabrum, pallide glauco-virescens, foliis supra vaginam 
bre^iterpetiolatis lanceolatis acuminata, vaginarum auriculis brevibus rotun- 
datis, spica elongata erecta c_ylindra(.-ea densiflora, radii pubeseente v. glabratn, 
bracteis lineari-oblongis obtusis glandulosis v. eglandulosis 1-2-floiis, calyeis 
membranacei ore valde obliquo apice barbellato, corollas albae tubo tenui j-f- 
pollicari calyce vix duplo longiore, laciniis filiformibus, staminodiis (petalis 
intt-rioribus) linearibus, labello angusto 2-lobo lobis angustis acutis, filamento 

H. graeilp, Eoxb. Hort. Beng. p. 1 ; Fl. Ind. vol. i. p> 15 ; and Ed. Carey et Watt. 
vol. i. p. 12; Corom. PL vol. iii. p. 48; Wall, in Hook. Ketc Jotirn. But. 
vol. v. p. 367 (1853); Horaninov, Prodr. Monoq. Scitam. p. 25; Wall. Cat. 

H. glaucum, Roscoe Monand. PL, Hedych. n. 3. 

H. viridiflorum, Clarke MSS. ; Gard. Ckron. 1831, part 2, p. 406. 

Since the publication of the magnificent work on Scita- 
mineous plants of W. Roscoe, of Liverpool (better known 
as the erudite author of the life of Lorenzo de Medici), 
little has been done towards the illustration in this country 
of the beautiful Indian genus Hedychium. Seventeen species 
are figured in the above-named work, chiefly from speci- 
mens sent by Wallich from the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, 
and all of them from plants cultivated in those of Liverpool, 
and about half that number have appeared in this Magazine; 
but it is upwards of thirty years since the last of the 
latter was published (H. chrysoleucum, Hook., tab. 4570). 
Since the date of Roscoe's work many species have been 
added to the genus, and most of these are included m 
Wallich's " Initiatory attempt to define the species of 
Hedychium, and settle their synonymy," published in the 
"Kew Journal of Botany," vol. v., t. 321 (1853). In this 
summary II. glaucum of Roscoe is reduced to //. gracile, 

augtst 1st, 1882. 

Roxb., in which I entirely concur, though the plant is not 
nearly so glaucous as a smaller species which I found, also 
in the Khasia Mountains, and which is undescribed. I have 
not quoted the figure of the flower referred to by Roxburgh 
in his Coromandel plants (t. 251, right-hand corner), because 
it is so bad a representation, if indeed really belonging 
to this plant. 

E. gracile was introduced into England by Dr. Wallich 
in 1820, who sent plants to Lord Milton, by whom it was 
communicated to Mr. Shepherd, of the Liverpool Botanical 
Gardens, where it flowered in 1822. It is a native of the 
Nepalese and Sikkim Himalaya and of the Khasia Moun- 
tains, in both of which I have gathered it at elevations of 
3000 to 5000 feet. The specimen here figured flowered at 
Kew in September last from plants communicated by Mr. 
Elwes from Sikkim. 

Descr. Whole plant a pale glaucous green colour, 
glabrous except the often pubescent rachis of the spike. 
Stem slender, two to three feet high. Leaves five to nine 
inches long by two to three inches broad, finely acuminate, 
base acute, narrowed into a petiole one-half to three-quarters 
of an inch long. Sheath long, compressed, auricles at the 
top short, rounded. Spike five to seven inches long, by 
one and a half to two and a half inches in diameter, ex- 
clusive of the stamens ; rachis pubescent or nearly glabrous; 
flowers suberect, white with the filament red. Bracts one- 
half to three-quarters of an inch long, slender, cylindric, 
obtuse, glabrous ; inner bract shorter, tubular, very mem- 
branous. Calyx tubular, membranous, shorter than the 
bracts, mouth obliquely truncate. Corolla-tube two-thirds 
to three-quarters of an inch long, about one-third longer 
than the outer bract ; lobes three, filiform, longer than 
the tube. Staminodes (or inner petals) linear, acute, shorter 
than the petals. Lip linear oblong, cleft into two semi- 
lanceolar acute diverging lobes. Stamen projecting one 
to one and a half inch beyond the perianth-tube ; filament 
convolute, red ; anther linear. Stigma turbinate, truncate. 
Ovary hairy, subglobose.— J. D. H, 

Fig 1, Vertical section of flower and inner bract (calyx omitted) ; 2, upper part 
ot corolla; 3, stylode from top of ovary ; 4, top of style and stigma : 5, transverse 
sec! ion of ovary — all enlarged. 


Sue er.i Brooks D ay &- Sen Imp 

-LReeve 8l C? London- 

Tab. 6639. 
TULIPA Didieri. 

Native of Savoy and Italy. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe Tulipe.e. 
Genus Tclipa, Linn. ; [Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 2/5.) 

Tulipa Didieri; subinodora, bulbo magno ovoideo tunicis exterioribus brunneis 
intus subglabris vel parce pilosis, caule stricto glabro unifloro pedali vel sesqui- 
pedali, foliis 3-4 oblongo-lanceolatis vel lanceolatis glauco-viridibus glabris, 
perianthii campanulati splendide coccinei segmentis basi macula magna pur- 
purea flavo marginata prsBditis exterioribus oblongis subacutis interioribus 
obovato-obbmgis cuspidatis, staminibus periantbio triplo brevioribus antheris 
filamento glabro subaequilongis, ovario trigono stigmatibus magnis. 

T. Didieri, Jordan Fragm. vol. i. p. 36, t. 5, f. A ; Jord. et Fuurr. Lc. p. 8, t. 17 ; 
Baker in Journ. IAnn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 283. 

T. Fransoniana, Parlat. Nuov. Gen. p. 15 ; Flora Ital. vol. ii. p. 392 ; Baker in 

Gard. Chron. 1878, p. 756. 
T. Getneriana, Bellardi App. Fl. Fed. p. 226, non Linn. 

This is one of the finest of all the known Tulips. It is 
closely allied to T. Gesneriana, with which it agrees in 
general habit, leaves and bulb. It differs by the segments 
of the perianth being narrower and more pointed, and 
especially by their being furnished at the base with a large 
cuneate purple blotch with a yellow border, which covers 
the whole of the claw. It has long been known to inhabit 
cultivated fields in the neighbourhood of St. Jean de 
Maurienne, in Savoy, and I cannot separate from the Savoy 
plant by any tangible character the Florentine T. Fran- 
soniana of Parlatore. There are three other Tulips which 
grow along with it in Savoy (T. mauriana, planifolia, and 
Billietiana), which have been described and figured as 
species by Jordan, but which come so near to it that I have 
regarded them as varieties in the paper above cited. Our 
plate was drawn from a plant which flowered in Kew 
Gardens in the herbaceous ground towards the end of May 
last year. 

AUGUST 1st, 1882. 

DiSOB. Bulb ovoid, an inch in diameter, the outer brown 
membranous tunics scarcely at all hairy inside. Stem erect, 
glabrous, one-flowered, a foot or a foot and a half long. 
Leaves three or four to a stem, rather glaucous, not hairy 
on the margin, the lower oblong-lanceolate, acute, half a 
foot long, one and a half or two inches broad, the others 
lanceolate, about an inch broad. Perianth erect, campanu- 
late, bright crimson, two or two and a half inches long ; 
segments an inch and a quarter or an inch and a half broad, 
with a large cuneate purple blotch with a yellow border 
covering the whole claw to a height of nearly an inch ; three 
outer segments oblong, subacute; three inner rather broader, 
obovate-oblong, cuspidate. Stamens about an inch long, 
the same purple as the blotch of the claw of the perianth- 
segments ; anthers about as long as the glabrous filament. 
Pistil a third as long as the perianth; ovary greenish, 
trigonous, a sixth of an inch in diameter ; stigmas large, 
deeply channelled. Scent of the flower very faint. — /. G. 

Fig. 1, Blotch of the claw of the perianth-segments; 2, pistil : — loth life-size. 


■ B del.J.NFttch.lith. 

TmceatBrooks Da/ &. Son Imp 

L Reeve LC° London 

Tab. 6640. 
SAXIFRAGA Camposii. 

Native of Spain. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifragace.e. — Tribe SAXiFBAGEiE. 
Genus Saxifraga, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 635.) 

Saxifraga Camposii; dense csespitosa, foliis laxe rosulatis sparse laxe pilosis 
carnosulis petiolo lato nervoso, limbo flabelliformi 3-5-lobo lobis integris, v. 
latiore lobis 2-3-fidis, ramis fioriferis glabris v. parse glanduloso-pilosis, pedun- 
culis subcorvmbosis pedicellis ovariisque globosis densius glanduloso-puberulis, 
floribus f-poll. diam. inclinatis, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis ovario longioribus, 
petalis spathulatis albis starninibus duplo longioribus, antheris flavis, stylis 
gracilibus fere rectis stigmatibus oblongo capitatis. 

S. Camposii, Boiss. et Beut. Pugill. (1852), p. 47; Willie. III. Fl. Hisp. p. 38, 
t. 32, a B ; Willh. et Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp. vol. iii. p. 112 ; Fngler, 
Monog. Gatt. Saxif. p. 168. 

S. Almeriensis, Willh. ined. Pl.Exsicc. (1845), no. 12J4. 

S. Wallaceana, Sort. 

There is no more difficult group of plants to discriminate 
specifically than the Dactyloid Saxifrages ; many of the 
forms are exceedingly local; they are only just distinguish- 
able when compared from their native habitats; they 
vary more or less in habit under cultivation, without abso- 
lutely " running into " one another; and in the dried state 
they lose much of the character they showed when living. 
S. Camposii is no exception to this statement ; accoi'ding 
to Willkomm its nearest affinity is with S. trifurcata, Schrad. 
(Bot. Mag., t. 1651), and S. cuneata, Willd., but to me it 
appears to be scarcely distinguishable from 8. Maweana, 
Baker (Bot. Mag., t. 6384), except in the smaller leaves, 
which seem never to assume the reniform shape. It is true 
that, judging by the dried native specimens, S. Camposii 
is a stouter, more rigid species, with a more crowded rosette 
of leaves, and shorter peduncles and pedicels, but under 
cultivation these differences are so considerably modified, 
that the two plants may not unreasonably be regarded as 

AUGUST 1st, 1882. 

geographical forms, one inhabiting the southern mountains 
of Spain, the other the northernmost ones of Marocco. The 
8. maderensis represents the same type in its western 
limit of growth, the Island of Madeira; the S. cuneata of 
the Pyrenees represents its northern limit within the 
Peninsular area ; within that area occur the equally or 
indeed more closely connected forms of 8. obscura, Gren. 
and Godr., and flf. canaliculata, Boiss. and Reut. ; and it 
would not be difficult to connect all with the forms that 
occur under other names elsewhere in Western Europe. 

The size of the flowers, no less than the habit, recommend 
8. Camposii for cultivation in the rock-garden, along with 
its numerous allies. The specimen here figured flowered 
at Kew in May of this year, where it has been in cultivation 
for many years. 

Desce. Densely tufted, bright green, forming large 
patches, more or less hairy on the leaves and glandular in 
the inflorescence. Leaves very variable, a quarter to half 
an inch in diameter, flabellately three- to five-cleft, with 
simple obtuse or subacute teeth, or broader and deeply 
three- to five-lobed, with the lobes three or more toothed ; 
petiole one-half to one inch long, broad, flat, strongly 
ribbed when dry. Flowering stems three to four inches 
high, rather stout, glabrous or sparsely glandular ; peduncles 
and pedicels glandular-pubescent, slender. Flowers corym- 
bose, two-thirds of an inch in diameter, inclined. Ovary 
nearly globose, densely glandular. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 
subacute, longer than the ovary. Petals spathulate, white, 
twice as long as the stamens, tip rounded. Anthers yellow. 
Styles slender; stigma oblong-capitate.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, ovary and stamens; 3, stamens; 4, style ; 
5, transverse section of ovary:— all enlarged. 



T&nceat Brooks Day & Son imp 

L Reeve &C?Lotu1c 

Tab. G641. 

BESCHORNERIA beacteata. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amabtllidace^:. — Tribe Agaves. 
Genus Beschobneeia, Kunth ; (Kunth Knum, vol. v. p. 844.) 

Beschornebia tubiflora ; acaulis, foliis circiter30 lanceolatis pedalibns vel spsqui- 
pedalibus glauco-viridibus margine scabris, pedunculo valido 2-3-pedali, Horibus 
in panieulam rhomboideam ramis corymbosis dispositis, pedicellis ovario saepe 
aeipailongis, bracteis conspicuis scariosis rubellis oblongo-lanceolatis vel lanceo- 
latis, periantbii segmentis oblanceolatis obtusis ovario 1^-2-plo longioribus, 
genitalibus limbo aequilongis. 

B. bracteata, Jacobi Index Agaveen. p. 11 (nomen solum). 

This is the most robust and copiously floriferous of all 
the Beschornerias which, we had in a living state at Kew. 
The speciea of this genus seem to be very closely allied to 
one another, and a monograph of them is greatly needed. 
In his catalogue of the Agavea?, General Von Jacobi 
enumerates nine species, but his monograph of the sub- 
order never reached this genus, and so far as I am aware 
only three out of the nine, all of which have been figured in 
the Botanical Magazine (viz. tubiflora, tab. 4642, yuccoides, 
tab. 5203, and Toneliana, tab. 0091), have ever been 
described or characterized. Our drawing was made from 
a plant which has been for a long time in the Kew collec- 
tion, which flowered for the first time in the month of 
March of this present year. 

Descr. Acaulescent. Leaves about thirty in a dense rosette, 
a foot or a foot and a half long, two inches broad at the 
middle, contracted to less than an inch above the dilated 
base, thin but firm in texture, glaucous green, scabrous on 
the margin. Inflorescence four to five feet long, including 
the robust peduncle, which is terete, reddish-brown, about 
as long as the panicle, and furnished with three or four 

ArousT 1st, 1882. 

adpressed lanceolate bract-leaves. Panicle rhomboid, the 
branches many-fiowered and corymbose, the central ones 
eight or nine inches long, subtended by large scariose 
reddish bracts ; pedicels half or three-quarters of an inch 
long ; ultimate bracts oblong or lanceolate, about as long 
as the pedicels. Ovary trigonous, three-quarters of an inch 
to an inch in length ; limb an inch and a half long, the 
oblanceolate obtuse segments free to the base, but per- 
manently connivent, at first green, but turning yellowish- 
red when mature. Stamens and pistil as long as the 
perianth-segments; filaments thickened above the base. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Stamens and pistil ; 2, pistil complete : — both enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Bav 6- San Imp 

Tab. 6642. 
SONCHUS Jacquini. 

Native of the Canary Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Cichoriace^e. 
Genus Sonchus, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 528.) 

Sonchus Jacquini ; sparse albo-lanatns, caule 1-2-pedali robusto confertim folioso 
basi fruticoso, foliis sessilibus lineari-oblanceolatis acuminatis ad medium v. 
infra pinnatifidis, lobis triangularibus acutis decurvis spinuloso-ciliatis, capi- 
tulis corymbosis v. subumbellatis, involucri bracteis adpressis exterioribus 
ovato-rotundatis, interioribus lineari-oblongis obtusis, acheniis obovoideis atris 

S. Jacquini, DC. Cat. Jlort. Monsp. 1813, p. 147; Prodr. vol. vii. p. 188, excl. 

var.p; Webb et Berth. Phyt. Canar. pars ii. p. 428, t. 132. 
S. fruticosus, Jacq. Coll. vol. i. p. 83 (non Linn.) ; Ic. Par. vol. i. t. 161, excl. Syn. 
S. macrantbus, Poir. Suppl. vol. iii. p. 289. 

The Canary Islands are remarkable for the number of 
handsome species of Sonchus which they contain ; and of 
which but few have as yet been in cultivation in England ; 
one alone, 8. radicatus (Tab. 5211), is figured in this 
Magazine. As in the case of various other genera of what 
are herbaceous plants on the Continents, many of the 
Sonchi of the Canaries are suffrutescent or even frutescent, 
the base of the stem becoming woody and perennial. 

S. Jacquini is a native of rocky places in the " Laurel 
region " of the Island of Teneriffe, where it was discovered 
by Masson, a collector for the Royal Gardens of Kew, who 
m 1779 sent seeds to the Imperial Garden of Schcenbrun 
(Vienna), which produced the specimen well figured by 
Jacquin. Its native name is " Lachuza de Pastor," or 
-Pastor's Lettuce, whence it is to be inferred that it is avail- 
able as a salad ; it is however described by Webb as being 
yery bitter. Our specimen was raised from seeds brought 
in 1880 by Mr. Perez from M. Wildpret, of the Botanic 
Gardens of Orotava ; they flowered in March, 1882, in a 

AUGUST 1st, 1882. 

cool greenhouse, and formed a most ornamental feature 
from the size and brilliant colouring of the heads. 

Desce. A stout erect sparingly branched herb, with a 
woody stem below, one to two feet high ; sparingly clothed 
here and there with patches of snow-white wool ; stem at 
the lower part as thick as the thumb, herbaceous branches 
as thick as a goose-quill. Leaves crowded, six to twelve 
inches long, by two to three broad, spreading and recurved, 
deep green above, paler beneath, lower sessile, upper deeply 
cordate and half-amplexicaul, oblanceolate, pinnatifid to 
about or beyond the middle, denticulate and ciliate ; lobes 
triangular, acute, with rounded sinus, drooping; nerves 
horizontal. Heads two to three inches in diameter, deep 
golden-yellow ; involucre one-half to three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter, shortly urn-shaped, green ; bracts ap- 
pressed, slightly woolly, outer rounded-ovate very obtuse, 
inner oblong or linear-oblong, obtuse. Corolla with a long 
very slender hairy tube, and linear ray toothed at the tip. 
Achenes one-sixth of an inch long, narrowly obovoid or 
pear-shaped, with five deep longitudinal furrows, otherwise 
smooth or very obscurely tubercled, quite black ; pappus 
\erj soft and white. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2 and 3, arm* of atyle ; 4, hun of pappuu :— all enlarged. 




Tab. 6643. 
IMP_ATIENS Sultani. 

Native of Zanzibar. 

Nat. Ord. GERANiACEiE. — Tribe Balsamineje. 
Genus Impatiens, Linn.; (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 277.) 

Impatiens Sultani; glaberrima, oaale erecto ramoso ramisque robustU teretibus, 
foliis alternis longe petiolatis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis basi acutis crenato- 
serratis sinubus setiferis, floribus axillaribus Boiitariis rarius in pedunculo 
communi 2-3-nis cocciueis, bracteis rainutis, sepalis parvis lanceolatis, vexillo 
obovato-rotundato retuso, alis 2-partitis segmentis ajqualibus cuneato-obovatis 
vexillo paullo majoribus, labio parvo lanceolato in calcar gracillimum curvum 
abrupte contiacto. 

The mountains of India were long supposed to be the 
head-quarters of the Balsams, no less than 125 species, 
together with many varieties, having been described from 
that region. There are, however, indications of Tropical 
Africa proving a rival for this honour ; for though owing to 
the fragile and membranous nature of the species, and 
their fugacious flowers, they are of all plants the most 
difficult to preserve in a dried state, and though the climate 
of Africa is most unpropitious to their being so preserved, 
no less than seventeen species are already described 
from that botanically unexplored country, in Oliver's 
M Flora of Tropical Africa." Of these, only one has hitherto 
been figured in Europe, the I. bicolor (Plate 5366), a very 
handsome plant, native of the mountainous Island of 
Fernando Po and the Cameroons Mountains. The subject 
of the present plate is the second which has flowered in 
this country, and for gorgeous colouring and profuse 
flowering it is not surpassed by any of its congeners. As a 
species it comes very near to (and is possibly a form of) 
I. Walleriana, Hook, f., a native of the Mozambique district, 
at an elevation of 2000 feet, but it differs from that plant 
in the retuse standard, shorter spur, and axillary scarlet 


flowers, which are not umbelled at the end of a long 

I. Sultani is one of the numerous and not the least 
beautiful of the discoveries of Sir John Kirk, K.C.M.G., 
Political Resident at Zanzibar, whose scientific labours, 
first as the companion of Livingstone on his second ex- 
pedition, and since in his official capacity, has thrown more 
light on the Flora of Eastern Tropical Africa than all other 
explorers put together. I have named it in honour of that 
distinguished potentate, the Sultan of Zanzibar, to whose 
enlightened and philanthropic rule Eastern Africa owes so 

Descr. A glabrous, erect, branched, rather succulent 
herb ; stem and branches stout, terete, green. Leaves two 
to three inches long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, base 
acute, crenate-serrate with a bristle in the angle of every 
serrature, pale green, base narrowed into a petiole three- 
quarters to one and a half inches long. Flowers solitary 
and axillary, or two to three on very short peduncles, one 
to one and a half inches in diameter ; bracts minute. Sepals 
small, lanceolate, acuminate. Petals quite flat, scarlet; 
dorsal (or standard) obovate - orbicular retuse, rather 
smaller than the others ; lateral petals (or wings) cleft to 
the base into obovate-cuneate equal flat lobes. Lip not 
half the length of the petals, lanceolate in outline, suddenly 
contracted into a slender up-curved spur as long or twice 
as long as the petals. — /. D. H. 

Kg. 1, Portion of margin of leaf ; 2, lip with its spur and two sepals at its base ; 
3, stamens before the dehiscence of the anthers ; 4, the same after dehiscence ; 
5, ovary : — all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day & Son Imp 

Tab. 6644. 
BACULARIA monostachya. 

Native of New South Wales. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes.— Tribe Aeece^. 
Genus Baculaeia, F. Muell. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. iii. ined.) 

Bactjiabia monostachya; caudice gracili erecto, foliis gracile petiolatis requaliter 
pinnati-partitis, segmentis 4-6-jugis lineari-oblongis basi lata oblique insertis, 
oppositis et alternis apice truncatis et inciso-dentatis plicato-nervosis glaberri- 
mis, petiolo basi in vaginam apice 2-lobam dilatato, spadicibus numerosis 
interfoliaceis longe pedunculatis simplicibus gracilibus patenti-recurvis, floribus 
3-nis laxe undique insertis, spatlia lineari membranacea completa, fl. masc. 
precocioribus symmetricis ovoideis, sepalis rotundatis, petalis ovatis acutis 
valvatis crasse coriaceis, staminibus 6-10; fl. fo3m. masculis multo minore 
inter 2 masculis nidulante globoso, sepalis rotundatis, petalis paullo longioribus 
ovatis acutis imbricatis, staminodiis dentiformibus, ovario ovoideo stiginatibus 
3 sessilibus. 

B. monostachya, F. Muell. Fragment, vol. vii. p. 103. 

Likospadix monostacbyos, Wendl. et Dmde in Linncea, vol. xxxix. p. 198. 

Aeeca monostachya, Mart. Hist. Nat. Palm. vol. iii. p. 178, t. 155, f. 4. 

Kentia monostachya, F. Muell. Fragment, vol. vii. p. 82; Benth. Fl. Austral. 
vol. vii. p. 136. 

One of the smallest Palms of the Old World, confined to 
the East Coast of Tropical Australia, where it inhabits 
humid forests from Northern New South Wales to Cape 
York, and is known by the name of " The Walking-stick 
Palm," in allusion to its slender stem, which attains six to 
eight and even twelve feet high, with a thickness rarely 
exceeding that of the thumb. From the summit of the 
stem rises a plume of deep green leaves three to five feet in 
diameter, and mixed with these are the numerous slender 
whip-like spadices. Though usually cultivated in a tropical 
house, this Palm succeeds well in a warm greenhouse, 
flowering profusely, but it has never ripened its fruit at 
Kew. The female flowers are extremely minute at the time 
the male are fully developed, being scarcely bigger than a 
pin's head, and are solitary between every two of the males. 


The "Walking-stick Palm" was, as I am informed by 
the late Curator, originally introduced into the Royal 
Gardens in 1824 or 1825, by its discoverer, the late Allan 
Cunningham, Superintendent of the Botanic Gardens of 
Sydney; and it has since that period been sent by Mr. 
Walter Hill, who was long the Superintendent of the Bris- 
bane Botanical Gardens. It flourishes in the Palm-house 
and Begonia-house, requiring no great heat, and flowering 
copiously throughout the year. 

Descb. Caudex four to twelve feet high, very slender, 
green, ringed, giving off" aerial roots from near the very base; 
clothed below the leaves with the persistent old leaf -sheathes. 
Leaves very numerous, terminal, spreading and recurved, 
two to four feet long by one to one and a half feet broad, 
equally pinnatisect ; segments four to six pairs, alternate, 
ligulate, attached by a broad oblique base, plaited and 
many-nerved, tip truncate and toothed or incised, dark 
green, quite glabrous ; petiole slender, shorter than the 
blade, sheath oblong-lanceolate, keeled, green, rigid, two- 
auricled at the top. Spadices numerous from amongst the 
leaves and as long as these, very slender, spreading and 
drooping ; peduncle long, slender, as long as the flowering 
portion. Spathe as long as the spadix and enclosing it 
when full grown, then bursting vertically throughout its 
whole length, and deciduous, membranous. Flowers in 
threes (of two males and one female) loosely inserted all 
round the terete spadix, green. Male flower sessile, ovoid, 
acute, terete. Sepals rounded, scarious, closely imbricating 
round the base of the corolla. Petals three, thickly coria- 
ceous, ovate-oblong, acute, valvate. Stamens six to ten. 
Female flower minute, globose. Sepals broader than long, 
closely imbricating. Petals larger than the sepals, rounded, 
obtuse. Ovary obovoid, with one cell and basal ovule, and 
three sessile stigmas. — J. D. H. 

A, whole plant, reduced; B, spadix, of the natural size. Fig. 1, portion of 
To o erS '' 2 'C? fl - 5 3 . s epal ; 4, petal ; 5 and 6, stamen of the same ; 7, 

¥ fl.; 8, outer sepal; 9, petal; 10, ovary; 11, vertical section of ditto:— all 



Vincent Broote Day «c Son Imp 

r "D o r<o t 

Tab. 6645. 

Native of the Caucasus and Armenia. 

Nat. Ord. Banunculace^. — Tribe PMomvm. 
Genus P^onia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 10.) 

PiEONiA Wittmanniana ; hevbacea, foliis biternatis subtus discoloribus pilis elon- 
gatis flexuosis laxe vestitis, foliolis distinctis ovatis oblongis v. obovatis, 
lateralibus basi aentis rotundatis v. dilatatis et cordatis, terminali basi cuneato, 
floribus aniplis pallide ocbroleucis virescenti-stramineis v. fere albis, ovariis 2-3 

P. Wittmanniana, Stev. in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 3, vol. xii. p. 374 ; Boiis.' Fl. 
Orient, vol. i. p. 97 ; Bot. Beg. vol. xxxii. t. 9 ; Annates de Gand, 1846, t. 64. 

The Paaonies form a notoriously variable genus of plants, 
and many species have been made on insufficient characters, 
especially out of the forms of the common P. corallina. I 
have given some observations on a few of these under the 
Himalayan P. emodi (Plate 5719), a reference to which 
will show how little there is to separate it and P. albiflora 
(Plate 1756), of Siberia, from this Caucasian plant, which, 
as Boissier remarks, is closely allied to P. coral! iua, differing 
m the colour of the flower and the glabrous carpels. 

This, the first and only yellow- flowered (so-called) Paaony, 
was introduced into the Horticultural Society's Gardens so 
long ago as 1842, from the Imperial Gardens of Nikitz in 
the Crimea, shortly after its discovery by Count "Woronzoff 
m Abcharia, who at the same time procured the now well- 
known Abies Nordmanniana and Epimedium pinnatum. 
(Letter from Dr. Fischer, of St. Petersburg, to Sir W. 
Hooker ; see Hooker's " London Journal of Botany," 1842, 
p. 207). It was named after Mr. Wittmann, a traveller in 
the Tauran Caucasus, who was afterwards gardener at 
Odessa. Dr. Lindley, who is my authority for this state- 
ment, says that twenty-five guineas were demanded for a 


single plant of it by one of the great Continental Nurseries ; 
he adds that it has much the appearance of P. cretica, and 
is quite hardy, flowering in May. 

P. Wittmanniana is a native of cool shaded forests in the 
Caucasus and Armenia; also of North Persia, according 
to Bossier, who gives Asterabad as a habitat on the 
authority of Bunge ; but Bunge's Asterabad plant, so 
named by himself, and which he communicated to the 
Hookerian Herbarium, cannot be this species, having very 
woolly carpels. The true plant is, however, in the same 
Herbarium, collected in the Caucasus by Frick. 

Descr. A herbaceous perennial, two to three feet high. 
Stem and branches smooth, green, glabrous. Leaves four 
to eight inches long, biternately compound ; leaflets very 
variable in size and shape, one to three inches long, pale 
green and glabrous above, rather glaucous beneath and 
clothed sparingly with lax soft curly white hairs ; lateral 
leaflets sessile or petiolate, usually obliquely ovate or ovate- 
cordate, acute, base often unequally dilated; terminal 
larger, petiolate, ovate or oblong, acute, base cuneate, 
rarely rounded. Flowers solitary, four inches in diameter, 
white or very pale yellowish or greenish. Sepals very 
irregular in size and shape, concave, green. Petals about 
seven, broadly elliptic- obovate, concave, membranous. Dish 
narrow, red, not prominent. Stamens with slender red 
filaments and orange-yellow anthers. Carpels two to three, 
oblong-ovoid, from a broad sessile base, not immersed 
deeply in the disk, quite glabrous; stigmas recurved. — 

Fig. 1, Calyx, disk, and carpels; 2, stamens; 3, vertical section of carpel and 
peduncle ; 4, transverse section of carpel :— all enlarged. 

66 i 6 


"KncentBrooks Da/ &. Soj 


Tab. 66i6. 
BERBERIS Thunbergii. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Beebeeide.ze. — Tribe Beebeee.e. 
Genus Beebebis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 43.) 

Beebeeis Thunbergii ; frutex humilis, dumosus, glaberrimus, ramis breviusculis 
robustis strictis profunde sulcatis, spinis mediocribus simplicibus, foliis parvis 
obovatis v. spatbulatis integerrimis apice rotundatis v. apiculatis, nervis 
obscuris, floribus solitariis v. 2-nis rarius breviter umbellatis, pedicellis gra- 
cillimis foliis ssepissime brevioribus v. subaquantibus, sepalis 3-4 exterioribus 
sequalibus ovatis acutis rubris petalis dimidio brevioribus, petalis pallide 
stramineis rubro tinctis 4 exterioribus elliptico rotundatis, interioribus obovato- 
rotundatis, ovario ellipsoideo, stigmate sessili late orbiculari, baccis subglobosis 
stigmate sessili. 

B. Thunbergii, DC. Si/st. Veg. vol. ii. p. 9 ; Prodr. vol. i. p. 106; Eegel, Descr. 
PL Nov. Turkest. fasc. i. (1873), p. 19 ; Garteivfl. 1872, p. 238. 

B. sinensis, Miguel, Prol. Fl. Jap. p. 1. 

B. cbinensis, Franch. et Savat. Enum. PL Jap. vol. ii. p. 272. 

B. cretica, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 166. 

There is some confusion in respect of the nomenclature 
of the Japanese barberries. The plant here figured was 
first published by Thunberg in 1784 as being the same 
with the Linnasan B. cretica, to which indeed it is so similar 
in habit that A. Gray, in his account of the Japan plants 
collected by Wright during Commodore Rogers' U. S. 
Exploring Expedition (Trans. Amer. Acad. Sc. N. S., 
vol. vi. p. 380), says of it : — " We have from Japan both 
the true B. vulgaris and B. Thunbergii, DC, the latter very 
near B. cretica, and hardly distinguishable from our own 
Alleghanian B. canadensis." On the other hand, Miquel 
refers B. Thimbergii, DC, to B. sinensis, Desf., an entirely 
different species, with pendulous branches and long drooping 
racemes (figured in last year's volume of this work, Plate 
0573). These two species have, however, been well dis- 

septembee 1st, 1882. 

tinguished by Regel (Gartenflora, 1872, p. 238). The true 
7?. cretiea again, which is only a stunted form of vulgaris, 
L., is abundantly distinct from B. Thunbergii, in its three- 
partite spines, often serrated leaves, erect racemes of flowers, 
and notably in the form and colour of its pale flowers with 
large obtuse outer sepals. B. Thunbergii is indeed one of the 
most distinct species in cultivation, whether from its low 
almost tufted robust habit, or the colour of the small 
flowers, which are more red than yellow. 

Regel describes as another species B. Maximoviezii 
(Gartenfl., 1872, p. 238), differing in the leaves not being 
glaucous beneath, but green on both surfaces : it is reduced 
to a variety (j3. Maximoviczii) by Franchet and Savatier. 

B. Thunbergii is a native of Japan, whence we have 
examined dried specimens collected at Yokohama by Mr. 
Dickens, Dr. Maximovicz, "Wright, and others. The speci- 
men figured was raised from seed sent by M. de Regel, from 
the Imperial Gardens at St. Petersburg ; it flowers freely 
in April. 

Desce. A low bush, with close strict, robust, deeply- 
grooved branches clothed with red-brown bark; spines 
simple, straight, half an inch long Leaven in crowded 
tufts all along the branches, half an inch to nearly one inch 
long, obovate or spathulate, quite entire, tip rounded, 
apiculate or not, nerves very indistinct. Flowers very 
numerous, small, one-fourth to one-third of an inch in 
diameter, drooping, solitary or in pairs on very slender 
curved pedicels which hardly exceed the leaves, rarely in 
shortly peduncled few-flowered umbels. Sepals three or 
four, equal, ovate, acute, red, half as long as the petals. 
Petals pale straw-coloured, suffused with red, outer nearly 
orbicular, inner more obovate. Oairy oblong ; stigma broad, 
sessile, orbicular. Fruit a quarter of an inch long, globose, 
or broadly ellipsoid, with a sessile stigma. — J". D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Flowers with three and four sepals respectively ; 3, vertical section 
of flower; 4 and 5, petals; 6, stamens; 7, ovary; 8, diagram of flower: — all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day &. Son Sup 

I Reeve 4c C c London. 

Tab. 6647. 


Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace^. — Tribe Oxyspore^e. 
Genus Bkedia, Blume ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 753.) 

Beedia hirsuta; gracilis, ramis petiolisque rufo-brunneis pubescentibus et patentim 
hispido-pilosis, foliis ovatis acutis 5-7-nerviis basi obtusis rotundatis v. cordatis 
ciliatis utrinque sparse setulosis pilis albidis, supra saturate viridibus, subtus 
pallidis, petiolo longiusculo, cymis termiualibus laxe paniculatis multifioris, 
pedunculo ramis pedicellisque gracilibus rufo-brunneis pubescentibus sparse 
setulosis, floribus roseis, calyce turbinato, lobis parvis triangularibus recurvis, 
petalis orbioulari-ovatis subacutis, antheris majoribus rubris curvis basi antice 
2-tuberculatis, minoi ibus pallidis rectis. 

B. hirsuta ; Blume Mus. Bot. p. 24, fig. 4 ; Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. part i. 
p. 537; Franrh. et Suoat. Enuvi. Fl. Jap. vol. ii. p. 3G9; Begel Gartenfl. 
1870, p. 193, t. 655. 

The genus Bredia is one of the very few of the large 
tropical family of Melastomacece that inhabit temperate 
regions. It contains only two known species, of which 
the present is one; it is a native of Japan, or supposed to 
be so ; for, according to Franchet and Savatier, it is only 
known there in gardens, where it forms a small shrub. 

Desce. A small shrub two to three feet high, with slender 
spreading branches of a red-brown colour, which, as wen 
as the petioles, are finely pubescent and clothed with long 
spreading bristly red hairs. Leaves three to four inches 
long, ovate, acute, rather membranous, five- to seven-nerved, 
with many transverse veins, base rounded obtuse or 
shortly cordate, margin obscurely sinuate or quite even, 
ciliate, upper surface dark green, under pale blueish green, 
both with scattered white bristles; petiole one to one 
and a half inches long. Flowers half an inch in diameter, 
in erect terminal lax panicled cymes four to six inches 
high ; branches, peduncles, and pedicels red-brown, pubes- 


cent and sparsely hairy ; bracts at the axils opposite, ovate, 
minute ; pedicels strict, slender. Calyx one-fifth of an inch 
long, narrowly turbinate, pubescent; lobes very small, 
triangular, recurved. Petals pale rose-coloured, one-third of 
an inch long, broadly ovate, almost rounded, obtuse. Longer 
anthers falcate, red, subacute, with one small terminal pore, 
and two tubercles at the base in front ; smaller anthers 
nearly straight, pale. Ovary with a deep depression at the 
crown, its sides adnate to the calyx-tube by eight vertical 
plates in the cavities between which the anthers are lodged 
in the bud, the filaments being sharply deflected. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower j 2, ditto of bud, showing the position of the 
anthers ; 3, larger stamen ; 3a, terminal pore of the same ; 4, smaller anther ; 5, 
terminal pore of the same ; 6, top of style and stigma ; 7, transverse section of 
calyx and. ovary -. — all enlarged. 


lei JN.Kteh 

V r mcentBrooksDay&-Sc: 

I Reeve &. C? London 

Tab. 6648. 

CATASETUM callosum. 

Native of Venezuela. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Vakde^. 
Genus Catasettjm, Stearin ; (Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 551, ined.) 

Catasetum callosum; pseudobulbis oblongis vaginatis, foliis obovato-oblanceolatis 
acutis plicatis, racemis multifloris, scapo rachi ovariisque rufo-brunneis, peri- 
anthii foliolis elongato-lanceolatis concavis acuminatis brunneis, sepalo dorsali 
petalisque erectis parallelis contiguis, sepalis lateralibus deflexis parallelis v. 
paullo divaricatis, labello hastato-ovato-v.-lanceolato luride virescente purpureo 
maculato obtuso convexo basi dorso saccato, apicem versus subtrilobo, lobo 
interraedio producto recurvo, marginibus crenulatis, callo basi virescente v. 
flavido, columna aurantiaca in rostrum elongatum gracile erectum producta. 

C. callosum, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1840; Misc. n. 183 and 1841, t. 5,f. 1 ; Bchb.f. 
in Waif. Ann. vol. v. p. 568. 

A form of the Catasetum callosum has been figured in 
this work (Plate 4219) under the name of var. grandijlorum ; 
it, however, differs from the original plant described by 
Lindley, and now pourtrayed here, more in colour and 
narrowness of leaf than in the size of the flower; for 
whereas in this the sepals and petals are of a rich brown, 
and the lip a uniform dull green speckled with red, in the 
var. grandiflorum the sepals and petals are pale dirty -yellow 
green, with red-brown tips, and the Up is of a bright 
verdigris green with purple edges and spots, a bright-red 
tip and red callus. There can, however, be no doubt as 
to the specific identity of these two plants. It would be 
more interesting to know whether this species presents 
the different sexual forms that some other species of the 
genus do, and upon which the genera Monachanthus and 
My ant hits were founded by Lindley, the former repre- 
senting a female form, having a short column without the 
cirrhi, a perfect stigma, and imperfect pollinia, and the 
latter a hermaphrodite form, with a cilia te lip and perfect 

BErTKMBEK 1ST, 1882. 

stigma and pollen. In the plant here figured I found the 
anther and stigma well developed, but the cirrhi were not 
sensitive, and the pollen masses were very small and 
apparently imperfect, whence I assume that this was a 
hermaphrodite form, with a functionally imperfect fertilizing 

C. callosumis a native of La-Guayra and Venezuela, from 
which latter country the specimen here figured was pro- 
cured. It was presented to the Royal Gardens by Mr. 
Sander, of St. Albans, and flowered in the Orchid-house in 
December of last year. Other varieties are described as 
G. Lcmsbergii,IAn(&. (Lindl. andPaxt. Fl. Gard.vol. i.p.156), 
and var. crenatum, Hegel (Gartenfl. vol. v. p. 275). 

Descr. Pseudobulbs two to three inches long, clothed 
with sheathes. Leaves six to ten inches long by two to 
three broad, narrowly obovate or oblanceolate, plaited and 
strongly nerved. Scape radical, short ; raceme pendulous, 
many-flowered ; rachis very stout, red-brown ; bracts half 
an inch, oblong-lanceolate, membranous. Ovary one to 
one and a half inches, slender, curved, red-brown. Perianth 
three and a half inches long, segments all narrowly lanceo- 
late, acuminate, concave, bright-brown. Dorsal sepal and 
two petals quite erect, parallel and contiguous ; two lateral 
sepals deflexed, parallel or slightly diverging. Lip one inch 
long, cordate- or hastate-lanceolate, convex, dirty green, 
speckled with red, with a short gibbous sac at the base 
behind, margins slightly toothed ; tip three-lobed, mid-lobe 
elongate and recurved; callus yellow or green. Column 
dirty yellow, as long as the lip, ending in a long, slender, 
erect beak. — J. D. H. 



Vincent Brooks Day & Son Imp 

Tab. 6649. 
ALBUCA Nelsoni. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. LiLiACEiE. — Tribe Scille.e. 
Genus Albuca, Linn.; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 809, ined. 

Albuca Nelsoni; elata, robusta, glaberrima, bulbis magnis squamis carnosis 
viridibus orbiculari-ovatis exterioribus gradatira brevioribus, foliis 3-4-peda- 
libus a basi 2-3 poll, diara. sensim in apicem acuminatarn angustatis infra 
medium concavis dein planis lsete viridibus enerviis, seapo 4-5-pedali valido 
viridi, racemo pedali laxifloro, bracteis elongato-subulatis, pedicellis gracilibns 
erecto-patentibus inferior i bus 3-pollicaribus bracteas excedentibus, floribus 2- 
polbcaribus, periantbii oblongi segraentis lineari-oblongis obtusis concavis apice 
incurvis albis, exterioribus medio dorso apicem versus virescentibus v. brunneo- 
virescentibus, staminibus omnibus fertilibus, filatnentis crassiusculis albis basi 
quadrato-dilatatis, antberis parvis, ovario oblongo 3-gono faciebus cristatis. 

A. Nelsoni, N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 198, fig. 41. 

This, as Mr. Brown remarks in the work referred to, is 
by far the finest species of Albuca hitherto made known, all 
of which — there are sixteen species enumerated in Mr. 
Baker's revision of the genus in the Journal of the Linngean 
Society (vol. xiii. p. 285) — are natives of tropical or southern 
Africa. It belongs to a small section of the genus (Palla- 
stema), in which the stamens are all perfect, and the style 
more or less elongate; this section includes the A. ango- 
lensis, Welw., of western tropical Africa, which rivals A. 
Nelsoni in stature, and A. abyssinica, Dryand., of which the 
scape is two to four feet high and densely many-flowered. 
_ A. Nelsoni was discovered by Mr. Nelson near the Umlayi 
river in Natal, and sent by him to his father's nursery at 
Thornbank near Botherham, where it was flowered in 1880. 
The specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
m July of the present year, the plant having been presented 
by Mr. Nelson. 

Desob. Bulb from the size of a small apple upwards, 
green, globose, of numerous bright-green fleshy imbricating 

OCTOBER 1st, 1882. 

broadly rounded ovate obtuse appressed scales, the outer 
shorter, margins brownish. Leaves four to six, suberect 
and spreading, three to four feet long, gradually narrowed 
from above the base, where they are three to four inches 
broad, to a slender straight point, concave, with the back 
rounded below the middle, flat above it, nerveless, bright 
green. Scape four to five feet high, erect, as stout as the 
middle finger, cylindric, bright green, smooth. Raceme a 
foot long, lax-flowered ; bracts two to two and a half inches 
long, narrowly subulate, shorter than the slender ascending 
or erecto-patent pedicels. Flowers white, oblong, one and 
a half inches long. Perianth segments linear-oblong, con- 
cave, obtuse, with incurved hooded thickened tips, outer 
more or less spreading, inner conniving, all white except 
the middle of the back towards the tip, which, is green or 
greenish brown. Stamens all fertile ; filaments stoutly 
filiform, base dilated and quadrate ; anthers small, oblong ; 
pollen ochreous yellow. Ovary shortly stipitate, three- 
gonous, lower half thickened into a trigonous stipes which 
sends an adnate obtuse thickened process up each face ; 
style longer than the ovary, stout, clavate, trigonous, 
papillose all over, ending in three obtuse stigmas. — /. D. 3. 

Fig. 1, Section of flower; 2, stamens; 3, ovary and style : — all enlarged. 



YnicsnlBroote Day feSon Imp 

L Reeve 8c C° ' 

Tab. 6650. 
LILIUM Pakryi. 

Native of Southern California. 

Nat. Ord. Lhjace.33. — Tribe Tulipe.2E. 
Genus Lilium, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. ined.) 

Lilium Parryi; elata, glaberrima, bulbo estolonifero ? squamis brevibus parvis 
ovoideis obtusis, foliis inferiovibus v. omnibus verticillatis anguste elongato- 
lanceolatis acuminatis lsete viridibus, racemis multifloris, raobi sulcato, iioribus 
borizontalibus gracile pedicellatis inferioribus verticillatis, periantbio infundi- 
bulai'i-campanulato, segmentis 2-3J polliearibus lineari-oblaneeolatis obtnsius- 
culis extus stramineis basin versus virescentibus intus aureis infra medium 
remote purpureo-punctatis, staminibus exsertis periantbium subaequantibus, 
filauientis gracilibus, antheris lineari-oblongis, polline flavo-brunneo, stylo 
staminibus asquilongo, capsula lineari-oblonga. 

L. Parryi, Sereno Watson, in Proc. Davenport Acad. vol. ii. pp. 188, 256, t. 5, 6 ; 
Bot. Calif, vol. ii. p. 1G5 ; JElwes Monog. Lilium, t. 12 ; T. Moore, Florist 
and Bomologist, 1882, p. 3, t. 553. 

Though, discovered so long ago as 1876, this Lily is one 
of the most recent introductions as a living plant. Mr. 
Ehves, indeed, in his noble monograph of the genus, had no 
other material for illustrating it than a drawing made in 
the United States from a dried specimen, and which drawing 
was pronounced by the discoverer of the species, Dr. 
Parry, to be " a true and characteristic likeness of the 
living plant." A comparison of Mr. Elvves' plate with both 
the specimens which first flowered in England, and the 
drawing in the " Florist and Pomologist," amply justifies 
Dr. Parry's statement, except as regards the colour of the 
flower, which ie far too pale. On the other hand, the 
specimens which flowered most luxuriantly at Kew in the 
new Rock Garden, show a much more luxuriant develop- 
ment, the leaves being whorled almost throughout the 
stems, and the flowers much more numerous and also 
whorled often in sixes. The bulbs are quite like those of 
L.pardalinum, except that the new ones in the only specimen 
examined are produced quite close to the old. 

OCTOBEE 1st, 1882. 

L. Parry i is a native of the San Barnardino Mountains 
in Southern California, on the borders of the Arizona desert, 
in lat. 34° N"., and at an elevation of 4000 feet. It was 
found in the potato-patch of a settler in a boggy soil, and 
is described as having only the lower leaves whorled. Mr. 
Elwes remarks that it belongs to a type intermediate 
between L. Washingtonianum and L. pardalinum, the nearer 
affinity being certainly with the former species. 

The specimen from which our plate was made was pre- 
sented by Max Leichltin, of Baden, and flowered profusely 
in July of the present year. 

Descb. Bulb the size of a small apple, new ones (in the 
only root examined) formed close to the old without an 
intervening stalk, scales half an inch long, ovoid, fleshy, 
obtuse. Stem two to three feet high, stout, erect, cylindric, 
bright green. Leaves three to four inches long, in whorls 
of eight and more, the upper displaced and sometimes 
alternate, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, bright green. 
Raceme a foot high and more, many-flowered ; rachis stout, 
grooved ; bracts one to two inches long, subulate-lanceolate ; 
flowers in whorls of three to six or more, sometimes 
scattered or alternate, horizontal on slender suberect pedi- 
cels. Perianth three inches in diameter, between bell- and 
funnel-shaped ; segments two to three inches long, narrowly 
oblanceolate, upper half spreading and revolute, externally 
deep straw- coloured, greenish towards the base, internally 
golden-yellow, with minute distant specks of purple. 
Stamens and style about equalling the perianth- segments. 
Anthers linear-oblong; pollen yellow-brown. Capsule linear- 
oblong.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Anthers ; 2, stigma ; 3, longitudinal section of ovary -.—all enlarged . 


•■' 8 . i 

Vincent, Brooks Day 8.Soa top 

. !L CO T J __ 

Tab. 6651. 
HABERLEA ehodopensis. 
Native of Rumelia. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnerace.e. — Tribe Cybtandreje. 
Genus Habeelea, FrivaldsJcy ; (Renth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1025.) 

Habeblea rhodopensis ; perennis, molliter hirsuta, foliis oblongo-ovatis v. obovatis 
in petiolam latum angustatis obtusis grosse crenatis crassiuscule coriaceie, 
nervis paucis, scapis 2-5-floris apice 2-bracteatis, floribus umbellatis lilacinia 
inclinatis v. cernuis, pedunculis brevibus, calycis 5-fidi lobis ovatis acutis, 
corolla? tubo intus pubescente, lobis orbiculari-obovatis emarginatis. 

H. rbodopensis, Frivaldsky in Act. Son. Hung. 1835, vol. ii. p. 249, t. 1 ; Fndl. 
Iconogr. t. 69 ; Griseb. Fl. Rumel. vol. ii. p. 54 ; Stein in Regel Gartenfl. 
1879, p. 323, t. 991, f. 4; Rosenth. and Berm. Wien. III. Garten Zeit. 1879. 
487, cum ic. ocylog.; Roiss, Fl. Orient, vol. iv.p. 82. 

A very interesting plant, both because of its restricted 
local range, and of its being a type of a very large Asiatic 
and American Natural Order, the Gesneracece, of which 
only four species occur in Europe, all of them restricted 
in range, and three of them absolutely confined each 
to one spot. Of Eab&rlea there is only one species 
known; it is confined to a few miles of a single valley 
in Thrace, where it abounds, on the southern declivity 
of the Balkan range, growing on shaded schistose rocks 
near the town of Kalofer, and there forming in the 
flowering season a most beautiful feature of the landscape. 
Its nearest (and very near) ally is the genus Iiamondia, of 
which only three species are known, including the beautiful 
■K- pyrenaica, which is confined to the Pyrenees. The 
other species of Iiamondia are geographically nearer neigh- 
bours of Eab&rlea; one, B. Jlcldricliu, inhabits only 
Mount Olympus in Thessaly, two hundred and thirty miles 
south-west of Kalofer ; the third is found only in one spot 
in Servia, some three hundred miles west of the locality of 
Ilaberlea. To meet with other members of* the Gesneracece 
all "West Asia must be traversed, and for two thousand 

OCTOBER 1st, 1882. 

miles, when two species occur nearly together in the 
North-Western Himalaya, namely, Didymocarpus pedi- 
cellata and the beautiful Platystemma violoides, neither of 
which has hitherto been introduced into cultivation. 
Continuing eastwards the genera and the species become 
abundant, many occurring in the Eastern Himalaya, whence 
the Order spreads eastwards through China and the 
Malayan Island to the Pacific and America. 

Haberlea rliodopensis was presented to the Royal Gardens 
by its indefatigable correspondent, Max Leichltin, of Baden; 
and it is also one of the many beautiful plants which 
formed the bequest of the late Mr. Joad, of Wimbledon. 
It flowered beautifully in the new Hock Garden at Kew in 
April last. 

Descr. A hardy perennial, clothed except the corolla 
with soft spreading hairs. Leaves all radical, spreading 
and recurved, two to three inches long, obovate- or ovate- 
oblong, obtuse, coarsely crenate, thickly coriaceous, nar- 
rowed into a broad stout petiole; nerves few, oblique, 
strong beneath. Scapes several, stout, dark purple-brown, 
four to six inches high, two- to five-flowered, with two 
small subulate or lanceolate bracts at the top. Flowers 
umbellate, drooping; pedicels stout, one-fourth to one-half 
of an inch long, with sometimes a filiform bracteole about 
the middle. Calyx campanulate, five-cleft to the middle, 
dark purple-brown ; lobes ovate, acute. Corolla pale lilac, 
one inch in diameter ; tube broad, hairy within ; mouth 
oblique, obscurely two-lipped; lobes all rounded-obovate, 
emarginate, spreading, the two upper forming the upper lip 
the smallest. Stamens included ; filaments glabrous ; 
anthers united in pairs by the cells, which spread cruciately ; 
abortive filament very short. Disk very narrow. Ovary 
and style pubescent; stigma notched. — J.D.H. 

Fi>. 1, Portion of corolla and stamens; 2, tops of two filaments and anthers ; 
3, ovary ; 4, stigma ; 5, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day &SonJmp 

I Reeve 8c C° London 

Tab. 6652. 
OPUNTIA Davisii. 

Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Cacte^e. — Tribe Ofvsti'em. 
Genus Opuntia, Mill. ; (Bent/i. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 857.) 

Opuntia Davisii; caule dense lignoso ramosissimo, ramis divaricatis adscendentibus 
cylindricis, articulis junioribus erectis elongatis basi attenuatis, tuberculis 
oblongo-linoaribus protninulis, setis stramineis tenerrimis, aculeis interioribus 
4-7 subtriangularibus vufis apice pallidioribus vagina straminea laxa fulgida 
indusiatis divergentibus sen reflexis, aculeis gracilioribns inferioribus 5-6, bacca 
ovata, pnlvillis sub-25 setas stramineas aculeolosque paucos gerentibus, umbilico 
lato. — Engelm. 

0. Davisii, Engelm. in Whipple Exped. p. 49, t. xvi. f. 1-4. 

A small shrubby species, remarkable for the bronzy colour 
of the flowers, which have a peculiar metallic lustre, which 
cannot be produced on the Plate. I give it the name 
under which it is cultivated by Mr. Loder, in his most 
interesting and rich collection of Gactece. It presents in 
some respects deviations from Engelmann's figure and 
description, but not more than might be expected to occur 
between young cultivated and old native specimens. In 
Engelmann's native specimen the spines are much larger 
and stouter, and the calyx wants the stout horn-like slightly 
recurved spines seen in the cultivated one (in which how- 
ever all the fruits seen are described as sterile). I have 
preferred giving Dr. Engelmann's latin character for the 
species to one drawn up from the young cultivated speci- 
mens, to which I have restricted the English description. 

0. Davisii is a native of the district of New Mexico, 
eastward and westward of the Tucumcari hills in lat. 35° N. 
and long. 104° W., on the head waters of the Canadian 
river, a branch of the Arkansas. 

I am indebted to Mr. Loder for the specimen here figured, 
which flowered with him in July last. He informs me that 

OCTOBER 1st, 1882. 

0. Davisii has been considered to be identical with 0. tuni- 
cata, of which the flowers are unknown. 

Descr. A small much-branched bright-green glabrous 
shrub ; branches spreading, joints elongate, slightly nar- 
rowed below, two to three inches long by half an inch 
broad ; tubercles low, oblong, one-half to three-quarters of 
an inch long, not well defined, smooth ; cushions low, 
rounded, about one-sixth of an inch in diameter, clothed 
with woolly felted hairs ; spines four to seven, very un- 
equal, slender and straight, the longest half an inch long, 
bright brown, covered with a deciduous glossy scarious 
sheath, often so loose as to give the spine a considerable 
thickness, the lower-most spine often becomes herbaceous 
green and much thickened, both on the joints and calyx. 
Flowers two and a half inches in diameter. Calyx turbinate, 
nearly two inches long, clothed, like the joints, with 
tubercles and spines. Perianth-segments in about three 
series pale bronzy green, glistening, outer rounded, sub- 
acute, intermediate oblong, inner obovate-spathulate, acute. 
Stamens very numerous and densely crowded, not half the 
length of the perianth-segments ; filaments dark red ; 
anthers yellow. Stigma partially exserted beyond the 
anthers, oblong, deeply four-lobed, pink. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut vertically ; 2, spines ; 3, 4, 5, stamens -.—all enlarged. 




Tab. 6(353. 
celmisia spe0taj3ilis. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Asteroi^im;. 
Genus Celmisia, Cass.; (Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 278.) 

C'eljiisia spectabiUs ; vhizomate descendente robusto, foliis rigide coriaceis ensi- 
formibus lineari-oblongis v. elliptico-lanceolatis acutis v. obtusis erectis in 
vaginas elongates tumidas sericeo-villosas angnstatis, Bnpra glabris v. sparse 
serieeo-pilosis mrvis parallels impressis, subtus lana pailide straniinea r. fnlva 
densissime opertis nereis obscuris, marginibns plains v. recur vis integerrimis v. 
obscure serrulatis, scapis foliis eeqoilongis v. superantibus validis laxe sericeo- 
lanatis 1-floris, bracteis numerosis linearibus erectis, capitulo 2-poll. diam., 
involucri late obconici lanati bracteis linearibus, ligulis numerosissiinis albifl v. 
pailide lilacinis revolutis, disci corollis aureis, acbeniis glaberrimis, pappi setis 
valde insequalibus. 

C. specfcabilis, Rooh.f. Ft. Nov. Zeald. vol. i. p. 123, t. 33; Handbook of New 
Zeald. Flora, p. 1*31. 

The genus Celmisia is one of the most beautiful of the 
New Zealand Flora, and contains nearly thirty species, all 
well worthy of cultivation, many of them indeed being 
extremely handsome; yet, strange to sa} r , the species here 
figured is the only one hitherto introduced into this country, 
and that quite lately. The genus represents in New Zealand 
the Asters and Erigerons of the Old and New Worlds, which 
genera are otherwise absent in that archipelago, differing 
from them by very slight characters, chiefly in the presence 
of very short processes at the base of the anther-cells and 
in the achenes being usually neither flattened nor ribbed. 
The specimen of C. spedabilis here figured gives no idea of 
the stature which the species attains, or of the curious dwarf 
forms it sometimes assumes. In its largest state the base 
of the stem, clothed with silky leaf-sheaths, is as thick as a 
child's wrist, and the leaves a foot long and twenty to 
thirty in number ; whilst the smallest forms have only a 
few leaves, and these little more than one inch long, linear- 

october 1st, 1882. 

oblong with rounded points. The scape too is sometimes 
three times as long as the leaves. In other respects the 
species is a very constant one ; it ranges throughout the 
mountain regions of both the principal islands ; in the 
northern it inhabits Tongariro (where it was discovered by 
Bid will in 1839) and the Ruahine Mountains (Colenso), 
whilst in the middle island it occurs throughout the southern 
Alps at elevations of 2000 to 5000 feet. 

I am indebted to Mr. Yeitch for the opportunity of 
figuring this very beautiful and interesting plant, which 
flowered in his nursery in May of this year. 

Descb. Rootstock woody, short or long, often as thick as 
the thumb, obliquely descending. Leaves numerous, strict, 
erect, usually five to seven inches long by one-half to one 
inch broad, thickly coriaceous, ensiform, elliptic-lanceolate 
or linear-oblong, obtuse or acute, quite entire or obscurely 
serrulate, dark green above with parallel impressed nerves 
and a few silky hairs, beneath densely clothed with matted 
buff- or straw-coloured wool ; base narrowed, then dilated 
into a broad sheathing laxly silky-woolly tumid sheath, 
two to four inches long. Scapes several, stout, stiff, erect, 
longer than the leaves, clothed with silky white wool ; 
bracts numerous, linear, erect. Head two inches in diameter ; 
involucre obconic, scales very narrow, woolly. Bay-floivers 
very numerous, revolute, white or pale lilac. Dish-flowers 
yellow. Achenes narrowly ellipsoid, compressed, smooth 
and glabrous ; pappus hairs very unequal. — J. D. B. 

Fi^r. 1, Ray-flower; 2, base of ligule, thickened lip of tube, and style arms; 
3, disk flower ; 4, anther ; 5, style-arms -.—all enlarged. 


" J I,c m ar 

nt Brooks Day & Son , Imp 

Tab, 6654, 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Cyca.dace.3b. — Tribe Ejjcephalabte.e. 
Genus Encephalabtos, Lehm. ; [Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 445.) 

En-cephalabtos vilhsus ; trunco liumili vel fere nullo frondiura basibus tomen- 
tosis persisteutibus arctissime imbrieatis obtecto, foliis ereetis demum patulis 
viridibua, petiolo rhaehique piimum cinereo-pubescentibus subcylindricis, 
segmentis utrinque 60-90 patentibus lineari-laneeolatis interdum subfalcatis 
basi angustatis apice pungente margine utrinque dentibus praecipue apicem 
versus plus minus distantibus suberectis pungentibus, inferioribus per spinas 
■digitatas ad aculeos spiniformes sensim reductis, strobilis utriusque sexus 
pedunculitis squamis oblique deflexis, masculo anguste cylindrico squamis 
oblongis vel deltoideis vix stipitatis apice triangulari subpeltato margine 
inferiori crenato-denticulato, feernineo ovoideo-cylindraco squamis majoribus 
stipitatis apice peltilbrmi subquadrangulo margine inferiori ad medium eroso- 

E- villosus, L^m. III. Hart. 1867, misc. p. 70 et 1868, t. 557 ; Begel Cycad. Eev. 
p. 17; Gartenjl. 1877, p. 214; Eickler in MonasUchr. Gartenb. 1880, t 1 ; 
Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. i. p. 513, vol. iii. p. 400, et vol. vi. p. 708 (var. typica); 
vol. vi. p. 709 {var. nohil.u) ; vol. vii. p. 21 et vol. xiii. p. 181 (strobilus mas); 
vol. vi. p. 711 (strobilus fanu). 

This fine and very distinct species was first introduced 
mto European horticulture from Natal by M. Ambroise 
Verschaffelt, of Ghent. Its singularly graceful habit has 
since won it a place in most considerable collections of 
stove foliage plants which can afford space for its proper 
display. When first described, its cones were unknown, 
but they have been repeatedly produced since in cultivation. 
I have been favoured with specimens of the male cones 
from T. S. Gladstone, Esq., Capenoch, Dumfriesshire, and 
from C. Warren, Esq., Handeross Park, Crawley; and of 
the female cones from Mr. liussel of Falkirk, Mr. Bull, 
and Don Jose da Canto of St. Michel, Azores. The 
female plant is undoubtedly the most ornamental. The 
colour of the cono of the latter is often very striking, eoint- 
tnnes assuming a deep apricot tinge. 


The general habit and technical characters approach 
those of Encephalartos .Hildebrandtii of Zanzibar, for 
copious photographic illustrations of which I am indebted 
to Sir John Kirk, H.M. Political Agent. This species is, 
however, abundantly distinguished by the female cone, the 
scales of which terminate in a quadrangular-conic apex. 

Plants of both sexes have repeatedly produced cones at 
Kew. Those figured in the accompanying Plate, which, 
although small, are sufficiently characteristic, were pro- 
duced in the summer of 1881. 

Desce. Stem rarely developed in imported and cultivated 
specimens, probably always short, closely covered with 
persistent imbricated leaf-bases clothed with pale brown 
cottony tomentum. Leaves erect, then spreading, about 
five feet long, a foot to eighteen inches wide towards the 
apex, bright green; petiole and rachis snbcylindric, clothed 
at first with a deciduous fluffy tomentum ; leaflets sixty to 
ninety pairs, alternate or opposite, rather close-set, about 
three-quarters of an inch wide, linear-lanceolate, sometimes 
subfalcate, abruptly narrowed at the base, apex pungent, 
margin toothed on either side especially towards the apex ; 
teeth erect, more or less scattered, pungent ; lower leaflets 
diminishing in length downwards, passing gradually into 
digitate and ultimately simple spines extending to base 
of petiole. Cones pedunculate. Male cone pale yellow, 
narrowly cylindric, one to two feet or more long, two and 
a half to three inches wide ; scales spreading, oblong- 
quadrate to deltoid, apex obliquely deflexed, subpeltate 
triangular, three-quarters to an inch wide, inferior margin 
more or less crenate-denticulate. Female cone greenish- 
orange to apricot-coloured, ovoid-cylindric, as much as a 
foot and a half long by seven inches wide; scales long- 
stalked, apex obliquely deflexed, peltate, subquadrangular, 
about an inch and a half across lower margin, erose-dentate 
at the middle. Seeds ovoid, somewhat angular, ultimately 
protruded between the separating scales of the mature 
cone, about one inch and a quarter Ions:, testa crimson.-— 
W. T. T.D. 

Fig. I, Portion of racliis with two leaflets ; 2, scale of male cone ; 3, scale of female 
cone with the two wedi attached -.—all natural size. 




Tab. 6655. 
agave univittata. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllidace^:. — Suborder Agaves. 
Genus Agave, Linn. ; {Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 818. 

Agavb (Littsea) univittata ; acaulis, foliis 50 vel ultra dense rosulatis ensiformibu, 
rigidis l§-2-pedalibus sordide viridibus linea mediana pallida vittatis apice spina 
pungente armatis marginlbus continuis corneis angustis aculeis marginalibus 
distantibus parvis faleatis,pedunculo graciii3-l-pedali, braoteis vacuis linearibus 
superioribus squarrosis, floribus in spieam elongatam cylindrieain dispositis, 
bracteis parvis lance\datis, pedicellis brevissimis, bracteolis minutis laneeolatis, 
floribus viridibus, ovario cylindrico pollieari collo constricto, perianthii tubo 
subnullo, segmentis oblongo-lanceolatis ovario brevioribus, staminibus segiuentis 
2-3-plo superantibus. 

A. univittata, Haioorth in Phil. Mag. vol. x. p. 414 ; Salmdj/ck Sort. Dyck. 
p. 308 ; Bonpland. vol. vii. p. 92 ; Kunth Enum. vol. v. p. 835 ; 0. Koch in 
Wochenschrift, 1860, p. 47 ; Baker in Saund. Ref. Bot. tab. 215 ; in Gard. 
Chron. 1877, p. 369, fig. 58. 

This is one of the best-known and most distinct of the 
marginate Agaves. It is remarkable for its very stiff 
numerous narrow pungent ensiform leaves, which have a 
narrow horny border, with distant prickles, and invariably 
are marked down the centre with a narrow pale band, such 
as occurs casually in some other species. It has been in 
cultivation in this country for fifty years at least, but the 
flowering was not recorded till it was figured in 1870 in 
the Refugium. During the last few years I have seen it 
in flower, not only in our own collection, but also in those 
of Messrs. Peacock and Wilson Saunders. Our drawing 
was made from a plant that flowered at Kew in the spring 
of 18.0. 

Descr. Leaves fifty or more in a dense sessile rosette, 
ensiform, very rigid in texture, one and a half or two feet 
long, one and a half or two inches broad at the middle, not 
narrowed at all downwards, narrowed gradually upwards 
to the pungent brown point, quite flat on the face in the 

NOVEMBEE 18T, 1882. 

lower half, a quarter of an inch thick in the middle, dull 
dark glaucous green with a band of pale yellowish-green 
down the centre, furnished with a continuous narrow 
brown horny border, with small distant much-hooked 
prickles. Peduncle three or four feet long, furnished with 
copious linear barren bracts, the lower ones ascending, the 
upper squarrose. Inflorescence a cylindrical spike seven or 
eight feet long, four inches in diameter when the flowers 
are fully expanded ; flowers arranged in sessile pairs sub- 
tended by a small lanceolate scariose bract ; pedicels a line 
long, each furnished with a minute lanceolate bracteole. 
Flowers proterandrous, very pale glaucous green in bud. 
Ovary cylindrical, an inch long, constricted at the neck; 
tube scarcely any ; segments oblong-lanceolate. Stamens 
inserted at the base of the perianth-segments ; filaments 
above an inch long ; anthers linear. Style not developed 
till after the anthers fade, finally an inch and a half long. 
—J. G. Baler. 

Fig. 1, A small portion of the flower-spike ; 2, a complete flower in its final stage, 
with stigma developed and stamens faded ; 3, half a flower, above the top of the 
OTary, as seen from within ; — all life size. 




1 Reeve &C° London. 

Tab. 6656. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Lentibulaeib^!. 
Genua Utbictjlabia, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 987.) 

Utbictjiabia Endresii; terrestris et epiphytica, caespitosa, glaberrima, caulibus 
repentibus tuberculiferis, foliis deciduis lanceolatis in petiolum gracilem angus- 
tatis acutis undulatis, scapo elongato erecto 4-6-flore hie illic foliis parvis 
linearibus v. subulatis aucto, bracteis oblongis lanceolatisve, floribus amplis 
pallide lilacinis, sepalis ovatis obtusis, corollas labiis amplis undulatis ciliolatis, 
Buperiore orbiculari subplicato, basi subtruncato, inferiore ter majore latiore 
quam longo subobcordato v. latissime cuneato angulis rotundatis, palato promi- 
nente marginibus in auriculas obtusas elevatis, calcare robusto incurvo labio 
inferiore breviore. 

TJ. Endresii, Reichb f. in Gard. Chron. 1874, p. 582. 

This, as Dr. Reicbenbach well indicates under his 
description, is very closely allied to TJ. montana (Plate 
5923), and except the colour of the flower, much more 
slender habit, and very membranous leaves, it is not easy 
to point out any other prominent distinguishing characters 
between them, except perhaps the beautiful microscopic 
fringe of the corolla of U. Endresii, of which I see no trace 
in its ally. Another near neighbour is TJ. Humboldtii, 
Schomb., of the marshes of Guiana, figured in the Annales 
de Gand (vol. i. tab. 34); this, according to the rude figure 
(apparently made from herbarium specimens), is a still 
more robust plant, with a very broad leaf, a flower almost 
twice as large, dark blue, with a cuneiform lower lip, and a 
long spur. 

TJ. Endresii inhabits the hills of Costa Rica at an eleva- 
tion of 2000 feet, where it was discovered by Senor Endres 
in 1868, who describes the leaves as deciduous, whence no 
doubt the plant should have a resting season. The speci- 
men figured flowered at Kew in the cool Orchid House in 
the spring of the present year. 

NOTEMBEB 1ST, 1882. 

Descb. Rhizomes slender, tufted, creeping amongst moss 
on tree trunks and on the ground, bearing ovoid green 
tubercles a quarter of an inch long. Leaves solitary, one to 
three inches long, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed 
into a slender stiff petiole of about the same length, acute, 
flaccid, membranous, waved, midrib strong ; nerves very 
slender, oblique, branching and reticulate. Scape twice as 
long as the leaves, slender, erect, wiry, about five-flowered, 
bearing three to five very slender erect linear or filiform 
leaves a quarter to a half inch long; bracts about 
as long, oblong and obtuse, or lanceolate. Flowers droop- 
ing ; pedicels very slender. Sepals one-half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, ovate, obtuse, pale greenish or 
reddish. Corolla one and three-quarters to two inches in 
diameter, beautifully ciliolate all round, pale lilac with a 
yellow palate ; upper lip nearly rounded, rather cuneate at 
the base, very much and loosely undulate; lower nearly 
three times as large, much broader than long, obcordate, or 
very broadly wedge-shaped with rounded angles, raised 
along the middle line by a mesial fold reaching to the 
palate, which is glabrous, almost horseshoe-shaped, with 
high rounded borders. Spur incurved, shorter than the 
lower lip. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower seen in front ; 2, side view of lower lip and spur ; 3, stamens ; 4> 
ovary : — ali. enlarged. 



HIDfe! J.NFiUVuflti 


■ & C° London 

Tab. 6657. 

Native of China and Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Urtice.e. — Tribe Abtocabpeje. 
Genus Ficus, Linn. ; (Benth. et Bloolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 367.) 

Ficus stipulata; caulibus plantis junioribua et sterilibus radicantibus repentibus 
late diffuse raruosis, ramis birtis gracilibus, ramis senioribus v. fructiferia 
ascendentibus articulatis robustia aulcatis hirsutis, foliis in plantis junioribua 
disticbis subsessilibus oblique ovato-cordatia subacutis penuinerviis utrinque 
reticulatim nervosis birtis glabriusculisve, foliis in plantis v. ramis fructiferis 
niulto inajoribus oblongis utrinque obtusis basi triplinerviis supra Itevibua 
subtus prominenter reticulatia, petiolo hirsuto, stipulis foliis junioribus mem- 
branaeeis glabris, in senioribus firmis dorso dense pubescentibus t. villosis, 
receptaculis magnis pedunculatis pyriformibus turbinatisve appresse pubescen- 
tibus demum glabris intus villosis, periantliio $ 4-mero, stylis aliis filiformibus 
in stigmate acuto aliis robustis stigmate peltato. 

F. stipulata, Thunb. Dissert, de Fiou. n. 7; Vahl, JSnum. PI. vol. ii. p. 184; 
Willd. Sp. PI. vol.iv. pars 2, p. 1139; Ait. Hort. Km. ed. 2, vol. v. p.48G ; 
Miquel in Hook. Lond. Journ. Pot. vol. vii. p. 439; Wendl. Coll. Plant. 
t. 72 ; Masters in Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 716, fig. 135 et fig. 102, 103 (F. repens). 

F. scandens, Lam. Diet. vol. ii. p. 498 ; Vahl Enum. PI. vol. ii. p. 184. 

F. repens, Hort. 

Plagiostigma stipulatum, Zuccarin. in Abhandl. Acad. Bayer. Wissensc/iaft. 
vol. i. p. 154 in nota. 

Tenorea heteropbylla, Gasparr. Ricerche Sull. Nat. Caprif. e del Fico. p. 81, 
t. 8, f. 22-31. 

Of this well-known little ornament of the warm green- 
house and hothouse, only the female flowers have been 
seen, and there is some doubt as to the structure of the 
stigma of these, which is described by Zuccarini and 
Miquel as peltate, agreeing with the figure here given, but 
which, in the specimens that I have examined in the 
Herbarium, from the Berlin Garden, collected in 1877 by 
Mr. Bentham, and from a French Garden, preserved in 
Gay's Herbarium, is unmistakably very long, filiform, and 
narrowed to the very tip. Possibly the flowers are dimorphic, 
for the genus Plagiostigma was founded by Zuccarini for 
this species on the peltate form of its stigma. 

Ficus stipulata was, according to Aiton, introduced about 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1882. 

the year 1771, but it is comparatively lately that it has 
become so common a favourite for tapestrying the walls of 
conservatories, &c, and for which no other plant is so well 
suited. It is a native of both China and Japan, extending as 
far south as Hong Kong. Our figure of the fruiting plant 
was taken from a specimen grown at Kylemore Castle, 
co. Galway, in the garden of Mitchell Henry, Esq., M.P. 

Descr. Stem and branches of young and barren plants 
extensively creeping and rooting, much branched and 
spreading, appressed to and clothing the trunks of trees, 
walls, &c, flexuous, slender, hispid ; fruiting branches 
suberect, free, stout, jointed, channelled, hispidly hairy. 
Leaves of young and barren branches close-set, distichous, 
shortly petioled or sessile, appressed to the wall or support, 
half an inch to one and a half inch long, obliquely 
ovate-cordate, subacute, very unequal at the base, glabrous 
or scabridly pubescent, nerves very reticulate beneath; 
stipules glabrous, membranous, bifid; leaves of fruiting 
branches three to four inches long, elliptic-oblong, petioled, 
spreading all round, very coriaceous, obtuse at both ends 
or rounded at the base, which is triple-nerved, smooth on 
both surfaces, closely and prominently reticulate, beneath 
dark green ; petiole one-half to two-thirds of an inch long, 
hispidly hairy, reddish ; stipules lanceolate, densely hirsute 
on the back. Receptacle peduncled, solitary, axillary, pear- 
or top-shaped, two to three inches long, narrowed at the 
base and tip, obscurely lobed, dark blue- or red-purple, 
appressedly pubescent, at length glabrous, fleshy; bracts 
at the mouth ovate, acute, spreading, inner surface villous ; 
peduncle as long, very hairy. Flowers, female only seen, 
pedicelled ; perianth-segments four, oblong, obtuse. Ovary 
obliquely rounded or dimidiate ; style either capillary with 
an acute stigma, or shorter with a peltate stigma. — /. D. H* 

Fig. 1, Female flower from near the mouth of the receptacle -.—enlarged. 


H.T.IUel J.KRtdiluh 


r.R«-v f. r°T.,in^r 

Tab. 6658. 
HUERNIA oculata. 

Native of Dammar a Land. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Tribe Stapelie^e. 
Genus Huernia, B. Br. ,• {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 784) 

Htjernia oculata ; humilis, csespitosa, glaberrima, rami's erectis 5-angulatis, 
sinubus acutis, angiitis compressis grosse molliter spinoso-dentatis, dentibus 
recfcis v. curvis, floribus subcymosis breviter pedicellatis, pedicellis glabris, lobis 
calycinis subulato-lanceolatis, corollas loevis lobis brevibus parvis triangularibus 
acutis sinubus 1-dentatis, limbo saturate purpureo, tubo albo, corona extericre 
a basi columns? explanato 5-lobo, lobis horizontalibus rotundatis integerrimis, 
interiore e cornubus 5 dorso antherarum adnatis dein inflexis apicibus supra 
stigma coligorentibus. 

The genus Huernia, of which only a dozen species are 
described, is no doubt a very large one in South Africa, 
extending from the Cape district far to the north, though 
its exact limits are unknown. The species resemble 
Sta/pelias in habit, but differ in the broadly campanulate 
or cupular corolla with very small lobes, and having a 
tooth in the sinus between them. II . oculata resembles no 
described species, and is remarkable for the striking contrast 
in colour between the deep violet-purple limb of the corolla 
and the white cup-shaped tube, the limits of the colours 
being so sharply defined that the flower has a staring look. 
It was procured with other very singular plants in Dammara 
Land, in 1880, by Capt. Een, when trading on that coast, and 
brought by him to Kew, where it flowered in June, 1880. 

Descr. Densely tufted, branching from the base, pale 
green, soft ; branches three to four inches high by one-half 
to three-quarters of an inch broad, five-angled, quite 
smooth, sinus deep between the angles, acute at the base ; 
angles compressed, produced into soft spine-like teeth one- 
third to half an inch long, that are broad at the base and 
straight or curved. Flowers in small lateral few-flowered 

NOVEMBER 1st, 1882. 

cymes; pedicels short, glabrous. Calyx segments one- 
third of an inch long, subulate. Corolla nearly one inch in 
diameter, tube almost hemispherical, rounded at the base ; 
limb short spreading, five-toothed, the teeth short trian- 
gular acute remote, with a minute intermediate tooth; the 
tube is white inside, the limb deep violet-purple, sharply 
defined in a circle against the white of the tube. Column 
short; outer corona adnate to the base of the column, 
spreading horizontally from it, five-lobed; lobes fleshy, 
rounded, quite entire, concave on the surface ; inner corona 
of five large subulate fleshy papillose teeth inserted one at the 
back of each anther, inflected over the stigma and meeting 
at their points. Anthers truncate ; pollen-masses pyriform, 
caudicle short; gland with two subulate auricles. Stigma 
discoid, five-angled. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Four sepals, portion of the base of the corolla and column ; 2, column with 
outer and inner corona; 3, side, and 4, front view of anther and inner coronal 
appendage ; 5, stigma and pollen-masbes ; 6, pollen-masses :— all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day & Sontnp 

Tab. 6659. 
HAMAMELIS japonica. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Hajiamelide.e. 
Genus Hamamelis, Linn,; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. GC7.) 

Hamamelis japonica ; fruticosa v. subarborea, ramulis ultimis petiolis nervisque 
foliorum subtus plus minusve pubescentibus, foliis obovatis ellipticisve sinuato- 
crenatis v. dentatis acutis v. obtusis basi rotundatis acutis v. cordatis sa?pe 
insequilateris, nervis validis, calycis lobis revolutis rubris, capsula basi tantum 
cum calyce cincta. 

H. japonica, Sieb. et Zucc. Abhandl. Math. Phys. Klasse Baier. Akad. vol. iv. 
pars 2, p. 193 ; Franch. et Savart Fnum. PL Jap. vol. i. p. 163, vol. ii. 
p. 368 ; Walp. Ann. vol. i. p. 982 ; Miquel Prolus. Fl. Jap. p. 209. 

H. arborea, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1881, pars 1, p. 216, fig. 38. 

A very interesting plant, so closely allied to the ISTorth 
American Witch Hazel, H. virginica, that it might easily 
be mistaken for that plant, the principal differences being 
the rather larger flowers with red revolute calyx-lobes, and 
the short fruiting calyx of this ; in foliage they are almost 
undistinguishable ; the leaves of H. virginica are however 
usually narrower and often more lobulate. Franchet and 
Savart, who discuss the differences between the two species, 
overlook the calyx, and attach most importance to the 
statement that the leaves of H. japonica are six- to nine- 
nerved, and of H. virginica five- to six-nerved, a distinction 
that does not at all hold good ; they further observe that 
the calyx in fruit of H. japonica is sometimes half as long 
as the capsule, whilst in all the specimens which I have 
examined it is confined to the base. A plate has been pre- 
pared of H. virginica from plants growing in Kew, to show 
the differences. The genus Hamamelis, consisting only of 
these two species, is one of the best of the many proofs of 
that close connexion between the Floras of Japan and 
Eastern North America, to the exclusion of the Western 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1882. 

side of that continent, which has been so ably discussed by 
Dr. Gray, and winch he has shown to throw so much light 
on the origin and distribution of the North American Flora. 

H. japonica was introduced into cultivation by Messrs. 
Veitch ; it flowers, like its American kinsman, as the leaves 
foil in autumn, and fruits the next summer. The petals 
in our specimen are narrower and less crumpled than in 
that figured in the " Gardeners' Chronicle," and in some 
dried specimens from Japan. There is a plant of it 
in the Kew Arboretum presented by Messrs. Veitch, to 
whom I am indebted for the specimens here figured, of 
which the leaves were drawn in September, and the flowers 
in the following February. 

Descr. A shrub or small tree; branches rather stout, 
covered with brown bark, young branchlets, buds, petioles 
and often leaf-nerves beneath bracts and calyx externally 
clothed with a fine close pubescence. Leaves ovate oblong 
or rounded, two to three and a half inches long and broad, 
obtuse or acute, sinuate-toothed or -crenate, firm in texture, 
dark green ; base acute obtuse cordate or rounded ; nerves 
deeply sunk above, very prominent beneath ; petiole very 
short, stout. Flowers in sessile or subsessile globose 
heads one-half to three-fourths of an inch in diameter, 
crowded ; bracts small, rounded, appressed to the calyx. 
Calyx one-third of an inch across the lobes, tube cam- 
panulate ; lobes broadly ovate, revolute, dull red, margins 
villous. Petals two-thirds of an inch long, strap-shaped, 
waved, tip acute obtuse or notched, golden-yellow, involute 
in aBstivation. Stamens very short, filaments stout; 
anthers opening by valves in front. Carpels two, silky, 
styles filiform. Capsule subglobose, half an inch long, 
densely brown-tomentose, girt at the base by the calyx- 
tube.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bud (from "Gardeners' Chronicle"); 2, portion of flower laid open; 
3, petal ; 4 and 5, front and side view of stamens ; 6, rudimentary stamens ; 
7, carpels ; 8, transverse section of a carpel : — all enlarged. 







- V^ 


A B delJ N Fitch 

Vincent Brook* Day *-Soo Imp 

Tab. 6660. 
FALL [TGI A paradox a. 
Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Potentillrj?. 
Genua Fallugia, Endlieher ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 018. 

Fallugia paradoxa; frutlculus ramosus, ramulis gracilibus pubescentibus, foliis 
fasciculatis anguste cuneatis pinnatim v. flabellatim 3-7-fldis, lobis linearibus 
obtusis subtus niveis, floribus apices versus ramuloruai solitariis v. subracemosis 
graciliter pedicellatis, pedicellis basi minute bracteatis et hie illic bracteolatis, 
floribus amplis albis, calyee parvo, petalis rotundatis, acbamiorum cauJiluH 
1-1^ pollicaribus capillaceis plumosis. 

F. paradoxa, Endl. Gen. PL p. 124.6; Torrey in Emory Rep. p. 185, t. 2; 
8. Wats. Bot. Calif, vol. ii. p. 175. 

F. mexicana, Whip. Pep. vol. ii. p. 46. 

Sievebsia paradoxa, Don in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 575, t. 22. 

Geuji? cercocarpoides, Moc. et Sesse ; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 664 

A very singular and beautiful plant, closely allied to 
Geum, differing chiefly in the shrubby habit and imbricate 
calyx-lobes. It is a native of the dry interior western 
regions of North America between the Kocky Mountains 
and the Sierra Nevada, where it inhabits open plains 
and hills in Utah and Nevada, but principally in New- 
Mexico. I gathered it in company with Dr. Gray on the 
Sierra Blanca at about 7000 feet elevation in the southern 
part of Colorado, bordering New Mexico, whence the seeds 
were sent to England in 1877. The copious large white 
blossoms on the slender branches, moving with the slightest 
breath of wind, gave the bushes a very beautiful appearance. 

The plant flowered for the first time in July of the 
present year, in the Royal Gardens, in an open border of 
the herbaceous grounds. 

D.esor. A slender bush, two to four feet high, much 
branched below, sparsely above, the terminal branches 
usually very long and slender, tapering into a long singlc- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1882. 

flowered peduncle or in a very lax raceme; bark quite 
white, of the branchlets, peduncles and pedicels pubescent, 
or tomentose. Leaves fascicled on the branches, one-third 
to two-thirds of an inch long, cimeate, narrowed into a 
short petiole, flabellately or pinnately cut into five to nine 
narrow linear obtuse lobes, bright green above, white and 
tomentose beneath, margins recurved. Flowers one to 
one and a half inch in diameter ; pedicels as long, very 
slender, bracteate at the base, and with often one or more 
bracteoles along their length ; bracts and bracteoles small, 
oblong-lanceolate, appressed. Calyx one-fourth of an inch 
in diameter ; tube turbinate, villous within ; lobes ovate 
acute or two- to three-toothed at the tip, densely tomentose, 
with a subulate bracteole at the sinus between each. Petals 
pure white, orbicular, fugacious. Stamens in a triple 
series at the mouth of the calyx, filaments capillary, half 
as long as the petals ; anthers minute. Carpels numerous, 
on a minute conical receptacle at the bottom of the calyx- 
tube ; style very slender ; stigma minute ; ovule basal, 
erect. Rype carpels lanceolate, silky, ending in capillary 
feathery styles one to one and a half inch loner.— J". D. H. 

. Fig. 1, Flower cut vertically j 2, calyx seen from the back ; 3, stamens ; 4, carpel ; 
5, ripe ditto ; 6, vertical section of immature achene :— all enlarged. 



tovceat Brooks D^& Son Imp 

L Reeve, it C° London 

Tab. 6661. 
ANDROSACE foliosa. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Pbimulace-E. — Tribe Pbimule^. 
Genus Astdbosace, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 632.) 

Andeosace foliosa; elata, pubescenti-pilosa, rhizomate crasso estolonifero, foliis 
magnis ellipticis v. obovato-elliptieis acutis v. obtusis in petiolum elongatum 
angustatis integerrimis utrinque laxe pilosis, scapo solitario elongato robusto, 
floribus umbellatis graciliter pedicellatis, bracteis parvis v. majusculis, calvcis 
lobis oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve obtusis, corolla 3— I poll, diam., lobis 
obovato-rotundatis, ovario turbinate, capsula caljce duplo longiore. 

A. foliosa, Duly in Jacquem, Voy. Hot. p. 142, t. 146, et in DC. Prodr. vol. viii. 
p. 49. 

A. sarmentosa, var. foliosa, nob. in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 498. 

This is by far the largest known species of Androsaee, 
and though itself so unlike A. sarmentosa figured at Plate 
6210 of this work, there are so many forms of the latter 
plant approaching it in size and in habit, that I was induced, 
when monographing the Indian species of the genus, to 
bring these two together as varieties of one plant ; nor, 
though the differences between them are even more striking 
in living than in dried specimens, am I at all convinced 
that I was wrong. A. sarmentosa varies extremely in 
stature and in the base of the leaves, and sometimes wants 
the stolons altogether, and developes tall stout scapes 
exactly as in A. foliosa. A very similar plant to this occurs 
in Sikkim, which Duby referred to A. foliosa^ but which 
has much broader shorter calyx-lobes; this is my var. 

A. foliosa is a native of the Western Himalaya, at 
elevations of 8,000 to 12,000 feet; in its wild state it has 
usually very small involucral bracts, but these vary 
excessively in P. sarmentosa, and would naturally become 
highly developed in cultivation, as have all the organs in 

DECEMBEE 1ST, 1882. 

the specimens of A. foliosa here figured, the leaves and 
flowers of which far exceed those found in the native state 
of the plant. 

A. foliosa was raised by Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq. 
(the introducer of A. sarmentosa, Tab. 6210) from seeds 
sent by his niece, Mrs. Johnstone, from the N. W. Hima- 
laya. It flowered on the 18th May of the present year, 
and continued in full bloom till September, throwing out 
flower after flower during all that time. Mr. Anderson 
Henry further informs me that he has raised young plants 
of what appears to be the same species, but with shorter 
and broader leaves. 

Descr. Whole plant covered with lax soft hairs. Boot- 
stock woody, about the size of a nut, without stolons, 
sending up one or more very short stems, so reduced in 
native specimens that the leaves are to all appearance 
radical, whilst in the cultivated example here figured the 
stem is two inches high, and red. Leaves two to three 
inches long, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or acute, 
deep green, hairy on both surfaces, narrowed into a petiole 
half as long as the blade or longer. Scape solitary, stout, 
erect, three to five inches high. Umbel many-flowered ; 
bracts very small in native specimens, linear or obovate 
and sometimes leafy in cultivated ones ; pedicels one-fourth 
to three-fourths of an inch long. Calyx-lobes oblong or 
oblong-lanceolate, obtuse. Corolla one-third to half an 
inch in diameter, pale flesh-coloured; mouth contracted, 
thickened, greenish ; lobes orbicular-obovate, tips rounded. 
IStamens minute, filaments verv short. Ouary turbinate.— 
J. D. II. J_ 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 



TftncentBrooks Day & Sonimp 

L Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6662. 

ONCIDIUM pjotextum. 

Native of South Brazil, 

Nat. Ord. Obchideje. — Tribe Vandej3. 
Genus ONCiDiuar, Swartz ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 562(ined.) 

Gncidium (planifolia) prcetextum ; pseudobulbis oblongis leviter sulcatis 2-foliatis, 
foliis ensiformibus subacutis basi breviter vaginantibus, panicula graciliter 
breviter pedunculata nutante sparsinora, floribus graciliter pedicellatis 1 \ poll, 
diam., bracteis parvis, sepalo dorsali parvo stipitato obovato v. elliptico obtuso 
intus aureo brunneo fasciato, lateralibus lineari-oblongis obtusis deflexis, petalis 
sepalis duplo majoribus obovatis profunda sinuato-lobulatis pallide brunneis, 
labelli niagni breviter stipitati lobis lateralibus parvis quadratis aureis 
intermedio amplo semicirculari v. flabelliformi undulato aureo brunneo late 
marginato, callis utrinque ad basin oblongis verrucosis, columna minuta sub- 
globosa, alis rotundatis. 

O. prsetextum, Beichb. in Gard. Chron. 1873, p. 1206. 

This belongs to much the largest section of the genus 
Oncidium, which abounds in Brazil, and of which the 
species are as yet only partially known in collections. Dr. 
Reichenbach indicates 0. crispum, Lodd. (Plate 3499 of 
this work) as allied to it, and no doubt correctly, though 
0. crispum is a much larger and coarser plant with almost 
wholly brown flowers relieved with yellow only at the bases 
of the petals, lip, and column. 

0. prcetextum was introduced by John H. Wilson, Esq., 
of Liverpool, who communicated specimens to Dr. Reichen- 
bach in 1873, and who states that it was discovered by 
Mr. E. D. Jones in the province of St. Paolo, Brazil. The 
specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens in 
July last. It is deliciously sweet-scented. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs one and a half to two inches long, 
oblong, slightly compressed and faintly grooved. Leaves 
two at the top of the pseudo-bulb, five to seven inches long 
by one to one and a half broad, ensiform, subacute, pale 


green. Panicle from the base of the pseudo-bulb, shortly 
peduncled, drooping, graceful, lax-flowered ; rachis and 
slender pedioels curved; bracts very small, appressed. 
Flowers one and a half inch in diameter, sweet-scented. 
Sepals golden yellow with broad blotches of pale brown ; 
dorsal small, half an inch long, stipitate, obovate or elliptic, 
obtuse ; lateral deflexed and hidden by the lip, linear- 
oblong, obtuse. Petals more than twice as large as the 
sepals, broadly obovate, deeply sinuate and almost tabulate, 
pale brown. Lip very large, one inch long and one and a 
quarter broad, shortly stipitate ; lateral lobes very small, 
square with acute angles, yellow speckled with red; 
terminal lobe fan-shaped from a very narrow base, undu- 
late, golden yellow with a broad pale-brown outer margin ; 
calli at its base one on each side oblong, very prominent, 
war ted ; the area between the lateral lobes is also warted. 
Column very small, yellow banded with red; wings 
rounded. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Column and lip seen in front ; 2, ovary column and base of lip; 3, anther 
lid ; 4, pollen masses -.—all enlarged. 



Tab. 6663. 
HYACINTHUS fastigiatus. 

Native of Corsica and Sardinia. 

Nat. Old. Liliace-s;. — Tribe Hyacintheje. 
Genus Hyacinthus, Linn. ; (Bentk. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 812, ined.) 

Hyacinthus fastigiatus ; bulbo parvo ovoideo tunicis pallidis membranaceis, foliis 
4-8 synanthiis subulatis carnoso-herbaceis flaccidis glabris erectis dorso 
rotundatis facie canaliculatis, scapo brevi tereti gracili, racemis paucifloris scepe 
subcorymbosis, pedicellis ereeto-patentibus flore interdum longioribus, bracteis 
parvis solitariis lanceolatis vel deltoideis, perianthii lilacini segmentis oblongo- 
lanceolatis tubo campanulato longioribus, staminibus ad perianthii fan rem 
uniseriatis, filanientis brevibus, antheris minutis cseruleis, ovario globoso, ovulis 
in loculo paucis, stylo cylindraceo, stigmate capitato. 

H. fastigiatus, Bertol. in Ann. Stor. Nat. vol. iv. p. 62; Gren. et Goclr. Fl. France, 
vol. iii. p. 217 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol.xi. p. 430; JSjman. Conspect. 
p. 301. 

H. Pouzolzii, Gay in Lois. Not. (1810), p. 15 ; Parlat. Fl. Ital. vol. ii. p. 484. 

Scilla fastigiata, Visiani Fl. Cors. App. p. 1. 

This is one of the least conspicuous representatives of the 
great genus Hyacinthus. At first sight it might eas% be 
overlooked for Scilla verna, which it much resembles in 
stature and habit, but it is a true Hyacinth, with the 
segments of the perianth united in a distinct cup at the 
base. It has a very limited geographical range, being only 
known to inhabit the mountains of Corsica and Sardinia, 
and has never before been figured. It flowers, like Scilla 
verna, in March and April. Oar drawing was made from 
specimens that flowered in two successive years in the 
herbaceous department at Kew, the bulbs of which were 
presented to the garden by the Rev. H. Harpur Crewe. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, not more than half an inch in 
diameter, with several pale thin outer tunics of firm texture. 
Leaves three or four in the wild plant, half a dozen or more 
in the cultivated, subulate, weak in texture, quite glabrous, 
sometimes half a foot long, contemporary with the flowers, 

DECEMBEB 1ST, 1882. 

rounded on the back, channelled down the face. Scape 
slender, erect, terete, shorter than the leaves. Raceme few- 
flowered, often in the wild plant congested into a corymb; 
pedicels solitary, erecto-patent, the lower ones sometimes 
longer than the flowers; bracts small, membranous, lilac- 
tinted, deltoid or lanceolate. Perianth bright lilac, a quarter 
or a third of an inch long; segments oblong-lanceolate, 
longer than the campanulate tube. Stamens six, inserted in 
a single row at the throat of the perianth-tube ; filaments 
very short, flattened; anthers oblong, minute, blue after 
they have shed their pollen. Ovary sessile, globose, with 
very few ovules in each cell ; style long, cylindrical ; stigma 
capitate. Fruit a small globose capsule. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Section of a leaf ; 2, one of the six segments of the perianth ; 3, two views 
of an anther ; 4, pistil, complete ; 5, horizontal section of ovary : — all more or 
less enlarged. 


w% *^ 



"Vincent Broo"ks Day & Son Imp 

I. Reeve & C°1.ot,,1ot 

Tab. 6664. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. FicoiDEiE. — Tribe Mesembeyejs. 
Genus Mesembsyanthemum, Linn.; (Benth, etHook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 853.) 

Mesembkyanthemfm Bolusii; acaule, late obconicum, 3-4 poll, diameter, gla- 
berrimum, glaucum, griseo-virescpns, creberrime granulato-punctulatum, foliis 
(maturis) 2 oppositis crassissimis subhemisphericis v. obscure 3-gonis, facie 
planis, dorso obscure et obtuse carinatis marginibus obtusis, floribus 1-2 
sessilibus 2-3 poll. diam. 2-4-bracteatis, calycis tubo obconico limbo 6-lobo, 
lobis oblongis obtusis recurvis, petalis perplurimis liberis 2-3-serialibus angus- 
tissime linearibus infra medium flavis dein rubris, staminibus numerosissimis 
multiseriatis calycis lobis duplo longioribus, ovarii vertice late conico 10-sulcato, 
stylo brevi crasso, stigmatibus 10 crassiuscule filiformibus rugulosis. 

This is quite as singular a plant as its ally, M. truncatellum 
(Plate 6077 of this work), but is even more bizarre in form 
and colour, the almost filiform and most delicate petals 
contrasting strangely with the lumpy ungainly form of the 
leaves over which they spread. As a species it appears to 
be entirely new, nor is it easy to say to which of the sections 
of the genus under Sonder's arrangement (in Harvey's 
" Flora Capensis," vol. ii. p. 392) it should be referred, 
differing as it does from the Sphmroidea in the leaves not 
being connate to near the apex, or the petals united at the 
base ; from the Subquadrifolia in having only two leaves, 
and in the many stigmas; and from the Aloidea in the 
leaves being only two, and not attenuate to the apex. The 
discovery of this singular plant is due to Mr. H. Bolus, 
F.R.S., a very able South African botanist, who sent plants 
of it to Kew some years ago. These were exhibited in the 
Succulent House, from which they suddenly disappeared in 
1877. For the specimen here figured I am indebted to 
Mr. Peacock, of Sudbury House, Hammersmith, whose 
beautiful collection of Cacti and Aloes was so long deposited 
by him in the south octagon of the Temperate House for 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1882. 

the inspection of the public. It flowered in July of this 
year. He informs me that it was sent with several others 
from Graham's Town, and that the flower opens by five 

Descr. A stemless dwarf succulent plant, consisting at 
maturity of two fully-formed leaves, placed at right angles 
to a pair of small withered ones at their bases, and one or 
two sessile flowers between them. Leaves trigonously 
hemispherical, two inches in diameter, of a dull grey green, 
covered with minute green pustular spots ; face or upper 
surface nearly flat, back obscurely bluntly keeled and 
slightly laterally compressed, margins rounded. Flowers 
sessile between the leaves, two to three inches in diameter, 
with two fleshy oblong trigonous bracts at the base 
placed at right angles to the leaves. Calyx-tube half an 
inch in diameter, turbinate; lobes six, oblong, revolute. 
Petals very numerous, two-thirds to one and a quarter inch 
long, in several series, very narrowly linear, almost filiform, 
spreading and recurved, free at the base, yellow below the 
middle, dull red beyond it. Stamens very numerous, in 
many series, twice as long as the calyx-lobes. Ovarii with 
a low ten-grooved conical crown, ending in a short thick 
style; stigmas ten, filiform and rugose. — J. D. H. 

¥\g. 1, Bracts; 2, vertical section of flower with the petals removed; 3 and 4, 
anthers ; 5, top of ovary ; 6, ovules; 7, single ovule :— all enlarged. 


To Vol. XXXVIII. of the Third Series, or Vol. CVIIT. 
of the wholo Work. 


• 6641 

Abelia sjmthulata. 

Agave imivittata. 

Albuca Nelsoni. 

Aloe abyssinica, mr.Pcacockii, 

Amorpha canescens. 

Androsace rotundifolia, var, 

Androsace foliosa. 
Anthurium Andrteanum. 
Apbelandra Chamissoniana. 
Arisarum proboscideum. 
Bacularia monostacbya. 
Bauhinia corymbosa. 
Berberis Thunbergii. 
Bescborneria bracteata. 
Billbergia Euphermse. 
Bredia hirsuta. 
Cambessedesia paraguayensis. 
Catalpa Kosmpferi. 
Catasetum callosum. 
Celmisia spectabilis. 
Coclia bella. 
Columnea Kalbrcyeri. 
Dracaena Goldieana. 
Encephalartos villosu3. 
Fallugia paradoxa. 
Ficus stipulata. 
Globba atro-sanguinea. 
Haberlea rhodopensis. 
Ilamamelis japonica. 
Hedychium gracile. 
Huernia oeulata. 
Hyacintbus fastigiatus. 
Impatiens Sultani 


Lespedeza bicolor. 


Liliura Parryi. 


Mascarenbasia Curnowiana. 


Mesembryanthemum Bolusii 


Oncidiuiu praatextum. 


Opuntia Davisii. 


Peeonia Wittmanniana. 


Parna-ssia nnbfcola. 


Peperomia rcsedaeflora. 


Pbalamopsis Stuartiana. 


Pinguicula caudata. 


Pitcairnia alta. 


Pitcairnia corallina. 


Ponfchieva maculata. 


Satyriutn nepalense. 


Saxifraga Camposii. 


Saxifraga diversifolia. 


Scrophularia cbrysantba. 


Scutellaria HarUvegL 


Selenia aurea. 


Sempervivum Moggridgei. 


Sonchus Jacquini. 


Stacbyurus praacox. 


Sterculia (Bracbycbiton) dis- 



Stigmapbyllon littorale. 


Streptocarpus parviflora. 


Talauma Candollei, var. 



Tulipa Borszczowi. 


Tulipa Didieii 


Utricularia Kndresii. 


Wahlenbergia .vixicola. 


Zepbyrantbes citrina.