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plants; of tin Hopai Buthnei of luto, 




PE.S, F.L.S., etc., 



(Or Vol. ClX.ofthe Whole Work.) 

" F;iir pledges of a fruitful tree, 
Why do ye fall so fast ? 
Your date is not so past, 
But you may stay here yet a while 
To 'blush and gently sim'le." — Hkreitk 



Mo. Bot. Gar 

feinted by 

gilbebt and bitington, ximited, 

St. John's sqttabe. 




My dear Sir, 

It gives me great pleasure to offer you the 
dedication of a volume of the Botanical Magazine, in 
recognition of your eminent services to Horticulture ; and as 
a slight mark of that esteem which I, in common with the 
intelligent gardening world of Europe, entertain for your 
knowledge, skill, and enthusiasm, and for the liberality with 
which the treasures of your garden are distributed amongst 
your fellow- Horticulturists. 

Believe me, with great regards, 

Very sincerely yours, 


Royal Gardens, Kew, 

Decern her 1st, 1883. 


' ^ 


Afincent Brooks Day ScSoiiImp 

Tab. 6665. 

Native of Queensland. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeylltde.e.— Tribe Agaves. 
Genus Doeyanthes, Corr. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 739, bed.) 

Doeyanthes Palmeri; foliis perplurimis patentim recurvis 5-6-pedalibus 4-6 
poll, latis auguste ensiformi-lanceolatis subplicatis nervis crassis prominulis 
apice M tubuin sphacelatum cylindraceum 4-5-poll. abrupte an-ustatis, caule r. 
scapo strict? elate 0-10-pedali fohia parvia erectis liuearidanceolatis instruct© 
jnflorescentia thyrsoidea braeteata e spicis perplurimis paucifloris secus rbacbira 
brevem crassum constante , bracteis coloratis exterioribus vaginantibus obion-is 
acut.s intenonbus lanceo lata eoncavis floribus brevioribu'a, periantbii tubo 
supra ovarium coloratura brevissimo, segmentis lineari-oblongis obtusis extus 
coccineis erecto-patentibus, intenonbus dorso crasse costatis, filamentis inferne 
mcrassatis, antbens breviter oblongis. 

D. Palmeri, W. HillMSS.; Bentk. Fl. Austral, vol. vi. p. 452; Gard. Chron. 
1874 vol i. p 1SI eumic. xylog. f. 41, 45 (icones in Fl. des Serres iterate et 
lticaute colorate), etl8Sl, vol. i. p. 408, f. 64 ; Regel Gartenfi. 1874. 

When, m the very commencement of this century, the 
prototype of the genus Doryanthes (D. excelsa, Plate 1685) 
flowered for the first time in Europe, it was regarded as 
one of the wonders of the vegetable kingdom ; and all the 
more so from the singular fact that the above-mentioned 
flowering was that of a solitary flower " which came to per- 
fection at Kew from a portion of stem without roots, which 
had been cut many months before in New Holland." This 
fact, overlooked by some of the later historians of the 
genus, is recorded by its founder, Dr. Correa de Serra, in 
the sixth volume of the Linnsean Society's Transactions, 
where the genus is well figured and described in a paper 
read December 2nd, 1800. Though very rarely flowerino- 
in this country, D. excelscrims continued in cultivation in 
establishments provided with space enough for so gigantic 
an amaryllid, along with its allies, the Fourcroyas and 


Agaves ; but it was not till seventy years after its dis- 
covery that the present even more gigantic species was 
made known by Mr. Hill, Government Botanist of Queens- 
land, who found it on elevated rocks between Moreton 
Bay and Darling Downs. From the specimens then 
brought, which flowered in the Queensland Botanical 
Gardens in 1870, and were exhibited at the Intercolonial 
Exhibition in Sydney, together with a drawing made by 
Miss Scott, the description of D. Palmeri by Mr. Bentham, 
in the " Flora Australiensis," was taken. This description, 
though accurate, is necessarily incomplete; it takes no 
notice of the ribbing of the leaf, nor of their singular 
tubular brown tips, the latter a character common to both 
species, though exaggerated in this ; nor of the fact that 
the ovules and seeds, though inserted in two series, are so 
superposed as to form one row in each cell ; in which 
respect the genus differs from all others of the tribe Agavece 
to which it belongs, and of which tribe it is the sole extra 
American representative. 

Though, as above stated, Doryanthes Palmeri was not 
known as a distinct species till 1870, it must have been 
discovered a considerable time before that date, for the 
plant which is here figured has been in the Royal Gardens 
tor upwards of sixteen years, under the name of D. excelsa 

As a species B. Palmeri differs from D. excelsa in its 
much larger size, broader, longer, more ribbed leaves, 
thyrsoid inflorescence, short and coloured bracts, and much 
shorter not recurved perianth-segments, which are a pale 
redwithm,andinthe short anthers : it commenced flowering 
in the Succulent House at Kew in 1881, and was trans- 
feared thence to the South Octagon of the Temperate House, 
where it commenced to open its flowers in March, and 

3"c"b"r ty fW tW ° m * fi -% Tuning it? 

The name palmeri records the services to Horticulture 

QuetslL Palmerj ESq -' *"** C " Seare tary of 

an^Vvfr* fib / 011S - LeaVeS ver J numerous, spreading 
and recurved, onsiform, six to eight feet lone, and four to 

s!x TnlTs ToT'' *£**** "? ^n tuUlar four o 
six inches long. Stem or scape eight to ten feet high, 

clothed with lanceolate short erect bracts. Inflorescence 
three feet long, thyrsoid, compact, of many short few- 
flowered spikes surrounded by red-brown oblong acute 
bracts, the inner of which are shorter than the perianth. 
Flowers scarlet, from the tubular ovary, which is one and 
a half inch long, to the tips of the segments, which are 
erecto-patent, narrowly oblong, obtuse, and two inches 
long. Stamens shorter than the perianth-segments, fila- 
ments gradually narrowed upwards; anthers half an inch 
long, yellow in bud, then purple. Style deeply grooved, 
base conical ; stigmas very minute, radiating. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, End of leaf; 2, portion of inflorescence -.—both of natural size ; 3,reduced 
figure of whole plant ; 4, outer, and 5, inner perianth-segments ; 6, top of ovary 
and style ; 7, top of style and stigma : — all enlarged. 



j~ks Day & Son in 

1 Reeve &. C? London 

Tab. 6666. 

Native of the South-Westem United States. 

Nat. Ord. iEiDEiB.— Tribe Sisteinchte^e. 
Genus Nemastylxs, Nuttall ; (Bentk. et Soolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 696, ined.) 

m ™ZZ s a Zt'\ bdb ^ °r de \ tnnk i S P,uribus »embranaceis brunneis, foliis 
basalibub 2-3 elongate lineanbus plicate glabris, caule gracili furcate ramh 

nrLJ r ?" api ' e m ^br an acei S; pedicellis spatha ajquilon-is, ovario 

! ', 61 erectlS lineanbus luteis post anthesin revolutis stvli ramis 

subulato-cylmdnos inter antheras patulis apice stigmatosis * 

N ' Tart F^bJJI ^ "U 377 c 9 J ^^ rf ^ <*"«* *<• ^«*W». 

». geminiflora, 2V««o« »« 2Vwm. _4 MOT .. Phil Soc. vol. v. p. 157. 
Ixia acuta, Barton Fl. North. Amer. vol. i. p. 76. 

tJ? thls . curious and little-known genus of bulbous 
lridace* there are three closely-allied species in the 
Southern United States. It is remarkable for having its 
style divided down to the base into six branches, which 
spread two together between each of the three anthers at a 
ngnt angle from their base, and are stigmatose only on the 
Mender tip. The flowers are a bright azure-blue, and are 
very fugitive. In the present species they are, so far as I 
nave seen always two in a cluster, one appearing after the 
other has faded; but in its close ally, N. ccelestiim, they are 
usually solitary. It has been introduced several times into 
European gardens of late years. We had it from Mr. 
Uias Green m 1874, from Mr. Wm. Bull in 1875, and it 
was figured in the « Flore des Serres » in 1875, from speci- 

Zt J"? ^ Ma f Leichtlin of Baden Baden. Our drawing 
was made from plants that flowered at Kew in the summer 

JANTJ ABT lsTj l8g3 

of 1882, which came from the collection of the late G. C. 
Joad, Esq., of Wimbledon. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter, with many 
dark-brown membranous tunics. Basal leaves two or three, 
not distichous, sheathing the stem at the base, then pro- 
duced into a linear plicate glabrous lamina half a foot or a 
foot long, of moderately firm texture. Stem slender, terete, 
a foot or more long, with two, three, or four ascending 
branches, each ending in a spathe and bracteated at the 
base by a reduced leaf. Spathe of two lanceolate valves 
above an inch long, green and moderately firm in texture, 
membranous at the tips. Flowers two in a cluster, with 
pedicels as long as the spathe. Ovary small, turbinate ; 
perianth-limb slit down to the base into six similar oblong 
azure-blue spreading segments about an inch long. Stamens 
three, erect, with very short filaments, the bright- yellow 
erect linear anthers soon curling up after the flower is 
expanded. Branches of the style spreading horizontally, 
not more than half as long as the anthers. Fruit a small 
coriaceous loculicidal capsule, with several subglobose seeds 
in each cell. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Stamens and styles ; 2, front view of a stamen ; 3, back view of a Btamen ; 
4, style, with its six spreading forki : — all more or less enlarged* 


MS del JNRtdilitli 

VmcentErooks Day & So i 

I. Reeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6667. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe IxiEiE. 
Genus Babiana, Ker; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 706, ined.) 

Babiana ringens ; bulbo globoso tunicis pluribus membranaceis brunneis, foliis 
basal i bus 6-8 caulis basin longe amplectentibus linearibus plicatis glabris 
rigidulis, caule piloso pedali vel sesquipedali medio rami brevi arcuato florifero 
et sub apicem altero abortivo prsedito, floribus densis secundis spicatis erectis, 
spathse valvis 2 magnis lanceolatis rigidulis crebre striatis apice sphacelatis, 
periantbii tubo infundibulari viridulo, limbo bilabiato splendide rubro, labio 
superiori oblongo integro longe unguiculato, labio inferiori segmentis 5, centra- 
libus oblongis unguiculatis, lateralibus minoribus lanceolatis reflexis, genitalibus 

Antholtza ringens, Linn. Sp. Plant, vol. i. p. 54 ; Miller Gard. Diet. edit. 8, 
No. 1 ; Thunb. Fl. Capen. edit. Schultz, p. 39, non Andrews. 

Babiana ringens, Ker in Konig et Sims Ann. vol. i. p. 223; Gen. Irid. p. 152 ; 
Lodd. But. Cab. t. 1006 ; Herbert in Bot. Reg. 1838, Misc. p. 18 ; Klatt in 
Linncea, vol. xxxii. p. 732 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 166. 

This is one of the most curious and striking of all the 
Cape bulbs, and it is interesting historically as being one 
of the first Cape plants known to botanists. It was intro- 
duced by the Dutch in the seventeenth century, and ex- 
cellently figured and described by Commelinus in 1697 in 
his "Hortus Medicus Amstelodamensis " (vol. i., p. 81, 
tab. 41) under the name of " Gladiolo sethiopico similis 
planta angustifolia, caule .hirsuto, flore rubicundissimo," 
by Gladiolus cethiopicus what we now call Antholyza 
cethiopica being intended. It has never been grown in 
England except casually as a curiosity, and whenever intro- 
duced appears to have been soon lost. Philip Miller had it 
at Chelsea in 1759, Loddiges at Hackney from 1820 to 
1825, and in 1838 it ripened its seeds with Dean Herbert 
at Spofforth in Yorkshire in the open air, standing out of 
doors in a pot of sandy loam, after having been kept during 
the winter in a greenhouse. Of late years we have had 

JANTJART 1ST, 1883. 

living specimens sent from Mr. Ban* in 1878, and Sir 
Chas. Strickland in 1879. Our drawing was made from a 
plant that flowered at Kew in the summer of last year, 
received from Mr. Harman. 

Descr. Bulb globose, about an inch in diameter, with 
numerous brown membranous tunics. Leaves six or eight 
in a distichous basal rosette, sheathing tightly the lower 
part of the stem for several inches, produced above the 
sheath into an erect linear plicate glabrous lamina of firm 
texture. Stem pilose, a foot or a foot and a half long, with 
a short arcuate branch bearing a dense secund spike of 
flowers below its middle, and another or sometimes two 
near the top, represented only by small bracts. Spathe 
about an inch and a half long, clasping tightly the perianth- 
tube, composed of two lanceolate valves of firm texture, 
the outer one both broader and longer than the inner. 
Perianth with a green funnel-shaped tube as long as or a 
little longer than the spathe ; limb bright crimson, bilabiate, 
the upper lip oblong, acute, with a long claw with incurved 
edges, the lower lip shorter, with five segments, the three 
central ones standing forward, the two side ones small, 
lanceolate, reflexed. Stamens and style wrapped round 
by the incurved edges of the claw of the upper lip of the 
perianth, protruded beyond its tip ; anthers linear, purplish; 
stigma with three falcate linear branches. Capsule oblong, 
coriaceous, with five or six turgid seeds in each cell.— 
/. G. Baiter. 

Fig. 1 Front view of anther ; 2, back view of anther ; 3, stigmas : 4 vertical 
section of ovary ■ 5, two ovules :~all more or less enlarged. 


A ; 


Vmnent Brooks Day & SonTmp 

IBaeve 6 ~:°. London 

Tab. 6668. 
MICROSTYLIS metallioa. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Obchidejs. — Tribe Epidendbe.e. 
Genus Miceostylis, Nutt.; (Benth. etSooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 404, ined.) 

Miceostylis metalhca; caul e brevi folioso, foliis e basi late vaginante sulcato 
ellipticis acutis 3-5-nerviis plicatis totis purpureis marginibus crispato- 
unduktis scapo gracili sulcato remotifloro purpureo, bracteis parvis lanceolatis 
rehexis, flonbus longe pedicellatis, pedicellis borizontalibus ad basin ovarii 
breviuscuh decurvis, sepalis lineari-oblongis obtusis purpureis marginibus 
recuryis, petalis consimilibus sed paullo longioribus angustioribus et acutis, 
labelli ambitu late obovato basi sagittate angulis acutis, antice rotundato eroso- 
dentato callis 2 minutis columnse antepositis, columna brevi superne dilatata 

M. metallica, Beichb.f. in Gard. Ckron. 1879, vol. ii. p. 750. 

The tendency in the genus Microstylis to assume a deep 
purple colour, in the foliage especially, is a curious feature 
of many of its species ; in the Ceylon M. discolor (Plate 
5403), which in foliage closely resembles this, the colour 
is confined to the leaf excepting its margin, and to the 
scape ; whilst in the present species it pervades the whole 
plant with the exception of the column. The colours, 
however, vary in kind and intensity in the same species, 
being no doubt much influenced by the amount of light 
under which the plant is grown ; thus, in the specimens of 
this species flowered by Mr. Bull, and described by Dr. 
Reichenbach, the leaves are blackish purple above and rose- 
coloured beneath, the scape violet, the odd sepal yellow, 
and the lateral ones rose-coloured on one side and yellow 
on the ^ other. Prof. Reichenbach further remarks that 
after being plunged in boiling water and dried the leaves 
become green, and I find that in the racemes of flowers 
dried without boiling water the pedicels become pale green, 
and the perianth more or less yellow green. Microstylis 
metalhca was communicated by Messrs. Low, of Clapton, 

JAnuaky 1st, 1883. 

in May, 1880, and it flowered in the Royal Gardens in May, 
1881. J 

Descb. A small herb five to seven inches high, for the 
most part of a fine vinous purple colour. Pseudo-bulbs 
very indistinct in our specimen (" cylindric," Reichb. f.). 
Leaves four to six, erecto-patent, two to three inches long 
by one to one and a half broad, elliptic, acute, plicate along 
the three to five deeply impressed nerves, margin crisply 
undulate; sheath broad, grooved, of the same colour as 
the blade. Scape very slender, two to three inches high, 
grooved. Raceme as long, few and distantly flowered. 
Bracts small, lanceolate, reflexed, purple. Pedicels one 
third of an inch long, slender, horizontal, decurved at the 
insertion of the ovary, which is slender, and one-sixth of 
an inch long. Flowers vertical, two-thirds of an inch broad 
across the sepals. Sepals straight, spreading, linear-oblong, 
subacute or obtuse, margins strongly recurved. Petals 
rather longer, much narrower, acute. Lip pale purple, 
shorter than the sepals, broadly obovoid in outline, flat, 
■ply .sagittate, cleft at the base, the angles acute and 
s of the cleft straight ; anterior margin rounded, irretra- 


toothed; calh two, minute, opposite the column. 
Loifimn very short, expanded upwards and truncate with 
acute angles ; anthers nearly circular.— J". D. H. 

Froht, and 2, back view of flower; 3, column ; 4, anther ca 

6, \io 




L Reeve &. C9 London . 

Brooks Day & Son Imp 


Tab. 6669. 

Native of New Mexico and Texas. 

Nat. Ord. Cacte^:. — Tribe EcHixocACTEiE. 
Genus Cereus, Raworth ; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 819.) 

Cereus (Echinocereus) ccespitoms ; caulibus ovoideis v. oroideo-cjlindraoeia soli- 
tarns v. csespitosis 12-18-costatis, areolis elevatis linearibus approximatis, 
junioribus albo-villosis, aculeis radialibus 20-30 snbrecurvis appressis pectinatts 
albis nonnimquam roseis superioribus inf'erioribusque brevioribus latevalibus 
longioribus centralibus v. paucis, tubo floris pulvillis 80-100 longe ciuereo- 
villosjs _ setas apice seu totas fuscas seu nigrlcantes 6-16 gerentibus stipato, 
sepalis interioribus 18-25 oblanceolatis integris seu denticulatis, petalis 30-40 
obovato-lanceolatis obtusis acutis seu mucvonatis ciliato-denticulatis, stigmate 
viridi infundibulari 13-18-partito, bacca viridi ovata perigonio coronata villoaa 
setosa denum denudata, seminibus obovatis tubereulatis nigris. — Engelm. 

C. cajspitosus, JEngehn. in Flint. Lindheim. 202 ; et in Cact. U.S. Mex. Bound. 
Surv. 32, t. 43, 44 ; Walp. Ann. vol. v. p. 43. 

Echixocereus cajspitosus, Engelm. in Bot. WisUz. Exped. 26; Walp. Ann. 
vol. iii. p. 896. 

E. pectinatus, Ilort. 

Dr. Engelmann, of St. Louis, the learned and most 
accurate investigator of the Cacti (as of many other groups 
of American plants), says of this species, that it extends 
from the Arkansas river to Saltillo, and has been found as 
far west as the Nueces and San Pedro, and adds that the 
loose darkish wool and slender bristles on the extremely 
numerous (eighty to one hundred) pulvilli of the flower- 
tube, and especially the position of these pulvilli — not in 
the axil, but considerably above it on the sepal, just below 
its foliaceous tip, — distinguish this species from the nearly 
allied E.pectinatus, and from all other Ecliinocerei known to 
him. And with regard to the name, ctespitosus, which 
would apply much better to a number of other species of 
the section Echinocereus, it was given before any of these 
were known ; it not inaptly represents a common state of 
the plant, when it makes five to twelve heads, but not 

JANUARY 1ST, 1883. 

rarely it is almost or quite simple. As a species this is 
very near and usually confounded with E. pectinatus, a 
Mexican plant (under which name it came to Kew). E. 
pectinatus has more (about twenty-three) ribs, sixteen to 
twenty subrecurved prickles, of winch two to five are 
central, sixty to seventy pulvilli on the tube, and fewer 
(sixteen to eighteen) oblong petals. 

Dr. Engelmann enumerates three varieties of E. ccespi- 
tosus, — a, minor, with shorter more slender not interlaced 
spines and smaller flowers ; ft, major, with longer stronger 
interlaced spines and larger flowers ; and y, castanea, with 
red or chestnut-brown spines. 

This plant was given to the Eoyal Gardens by Mr. 
Croucher, formerly foreman of the propagating department 
at Kew, and subsequently gardener to Mr. Peacock at 
Hammersmith, and now in the United States of America, 

_ Descb. Stems four to six inches high by three to four in 
diameter, simple or clustered, cylindric-ovoid, pale greyish 
or whitish with scanty brown wool. Bibs twelve to eighteen, 
S W i' ° n . e ~ nalf t0 three-quarters of an inch broad at the base. 
1 I'lcilh close-set, a quarter of an inch apart or more, with 
twenty to thirty pectinately arranged straight spines a 
quarter of an inch long or more, mixed with wool ; spines 
white or rosy, appressed to the stem, the lateral much the 
longest, central none or very few and short. Tube of the 
flowers with eighty to one hundred pulvilli clothed with long 
ashy wool, and bearing six to sixteen brown or blackish 
spines. Inner sepals eighteen to twenty-five, oblanceolate 
entire or toothed. Petals thirty to forty, deep rose-coloured, 
oblong, acute, obtuse or mucronate. Stigma funnel-shaped 
green, with twelve to eighteen rays. Berry green, ovoid' 
heeds obovate, tubercled, black.—/. D. H 

i,I' ie '}' G ZT V °A Spines ; 2 ' vertical section of calyx and ovary • 3 nulvillm of 
tube; 4 and 5, anthers; 6, stigma; 7, ovules -.-all enlarged * ' ' P 

wo. .' 

Tab. 6670. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace.e. — Tribe Bbombub.b. 
Genus Billbebgia, Tkunb.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 664, ined.) 

Billbeegia (Helicodea) Porteana ; acaulis, foliis paucis Ioratis rigide coriaceis 
3-4-pedaIibus obscure viridibus purpureo tinctis vittis pluribus transversal ibus 
albidis decoratis, pedunculo farinoso foliis subduplo breviori, bracteis pluribus 
lanceolatis magnis patulis splendide rubris, floribus pluribus ebracteatis in 
spicam laxam pendulain dispositis, ovario oblongo farino'0 multisulcato, calycis 
segmentis deltoideis parvis, petalis lanceolatis viridibus basi appendiculatis 
postantbesin spiraliter tortis, staminibus purpureis, antheris linearibus basifixis, 
stigmatibus spiraliter convolutis. 

B. Porteana, Brong.; Beer. Fam. Bromel. p. 115; E. Koch in Woehenschrift 
I860, p. 146 ; E. Morren in Belg. Hort. vol. xxvi. (1876), p. 9, tab. 1-3. 

This is one of the most striking of all the cultivated 
Bromeliaceas. It belongs to the section of the genus of 
which the well-known Billbergia zebrina (figured in the 
Botanical Magazine in 1826 at Tab. 2686, under the 
name of Bromelia zebrina, and described by Dean Herbert) 
is the typical representative. These plants, which Lemaire 
proposed to separate generically under the name Helicodea, 
are remarkable for the way in which the petals roll up 
spirally from the top when the flower begins to fade. The 
present plant was discovered by M. Marius Porte, after 
whom it is named, in the province of Bahia, in Brazil, in 
1849, and was sent by him to M. Morel, of Paris, after 
whom another very fine species of the genus was named. 
It was named by M. Adolphe Brongniart. but was first 
described fully by Dr. Karl Koch. I have seen in the 
herbarium of the latter the specimen from which this 
description was made, and a drawing from it is now at 
Kew. The plant is now widely spread in cultivation, and 
is universally reckoned one of the most desirable Bro- 

FEBEUAET 1ST, 1883. 

meliads for a cultivator to obtain. It flowered with us at 
Kew for the first time in the summer of 1878, and again 
in June, 1882, when the present drawing was made. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Produced leaves five or six in a 
rosette, erect, lorate, three or four feet long, two or two 
and a half inches broad at the middle, four inches broad at 
the base, dull green more or less tinted on the back with 
claret-purple and marked with irregular transverse bands 
of white, the marginal prickles deltoid cuspidate, nscending, 
small and moderately close. Peduncle about two feet long, 
terete, densely farinose, with several large lanceolate bright 
red spreading bract-leaves. Flowers without any special 
bracts, arranged in a lax drooping simple spike six or 
eight inches long with a farinose rachis. Ovary oblong, 
half an inch long, densely farinose, with several Btrong 
vertical ribs; segments horny, deltoid, not more than half 
as long as the ovary. Petals green, lanceolate, above two 
inches long, furnished with a pair of minute BCaleS at the 
base, rolling up spirally from the top when the flower 
begins to fade. Filaments violet-purple, shorter than the 
petals; anthers linear, basifixed, nearly an inch long. 
Ovary with numerous ovules in a cell ; stigmas protruding 
beyond the anthers, twisting up spirally.— J. Q. Bah r. 

Fig. 1, A petal, with its bapal appendages; 2, front view of an anther; 8, back 
view of an anther ; 4, pistil, showing a vertical section of the ovarv ; 5, an ovule :— 
all more or less magnified. 



lucent Brooks Lav kSon] 

L Reeve 8c C°. Londor 

Tab. 6671. 

POGONIA Gammieana. 

Native of Northern India. 

Nat Ord. OacHiDEiE.— Tribe Neottie^:. 
Genus Pogonia, Juts.; {Benth. etRook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 615, ined.) 

Pogonia (Nervilia) Gammieana; glaberrima, folio late rotundato-cordato acumi- 
nate multinervio margine obscure undulato supra laete viridi subtus pallido, 
jumore plicate inter nervos seriatim sublacmnoso, scapo robusto pauei- 
vaginato, racemo 6-10-floro, bracteis linearibus floribus pendulis brevioribus, 
sepalis petalisque elliptico-lanceolatis acurainatis pallide lilacinis v. carneis, 
labello elongate sepalis aequilongo v. longiore albo-virescente lobis lateralibus 
parvjs inflexis terminali rotundato-ovato reticulatim venoso crispato piloso, 
ovario profunde 6-sulcato. 

Tubers of this plant were received through the Royal 
Botanic Garden of Calcutta under the name of Pogonia 
fiabelliformis, from Mr. Gammie, of the Sikkim Cinchona 
Plantations ; it however differs entirely from that plant in 
the size, colour, and broad form of the sepals and petals, 
and in the length of the lip, vvdiich equals or exceeds the 
rest of the perianth. I have a flowering specimen of 
apparently the same species, collected by myself in hot 
valleys below Darjeeling in 1847 ; and another, also 
flowering only, collected in Kumaon, in the Western 
Himalaya, at Bagesar, 3500 feet above the sea, by Strachey 
and Winterbottom ; and which is the " Eulophia No. 19 " 
of their Herbarium. 

The genus Pogonia is not a small one in India; and 
there are probably a dozen species in the Himalaya, 
Bengal, and the two Peninsulas ; but owing to the delicate 
nature of their flowers, and to the fact that many of the 
specimens we possess are either flowerless or leafless, it is 
impossible to determine them specifically from dried spe- 
cimens. They should be drawn and analyzed in a fresh 
state, to provide material for accurate comparison and 


description. As a rule, they are very difficult to keep under 
cultivation; the beautiful P. discolor, Bl. (Plate 6125) did 
not long survive being figured (in 1874). 

P. Gammieana bears the name of one who has contri- 
buted greatly to our knowledge of Sikkim plants, by a 
frequent correspondence with the Royal Gardens of Cal- 
cutta and Kew, carried on uninterruptedly for many years. 
The specimens here figured flowered in May, 1881, and 
perfected their leaves in July of the same year. 

Desck. Tuber subglobose, the size of a hazel or walnut, 
tuberculate. Leaf solitary, quite glabrous, four to six 
inches long and broad, rounded-cordate, acuminate, basal 
sinus very deep, margin obscurely undulate ; nerves very 
numerous, radiating ; young plaited between the nerves, 
with a row of very shallow broad pits on each fold ; deep 
green above, pale beneath ; petiole cylindric, streaked with 
red-brown, with one obtuse sheath at the base. Scape six 
to eight inches high, green, stout, with three or four 
sheaths, the lowest of which are streaked with red-brown. 
Raceme six- to eight -flowered, rachis green ; bracts linear, 
slender, membranous, much shorter than the flowers; 
pedicels very short ; flowers drooping. Ovary turbinate, 
deeply six-grooved, brown. Sepals and petals subequal, 
three-quarters to one inch long, elliptic lanceolate, acu- 
minate, pale lilac streaked with pale pink. Lip pale green, 
as long as or rather longer than the sepals, narrow, lateral 
lobes small and folded round the sides of the column, 
terminal rounded veined with darker green, crumpled, 
hairy. Column smooth, semiterete, one-fourth shorter than 
the hp. Anther depressed-hemispheric— J". D. H. 

Fig.l, Side view of lip and column; 2, ditto seen from above; 3, column; 
4, anther-case; 5, pollen masses:— all enlarged. 


AB.dd J.NFiidiHth. 

"finceatBroolc Day &SonImp 

LReeve & C°Londc 

Tab. 6672. 
MICROGLOSSA albescens. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Asteboidejs. 
Genus Microglossa, DC. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 282.) 

Microglossa albescens ; erecta, suffruticosa, ramis aub-sulcatis, ramulis foliis subtus 
et inflorescentia cano-pubescentibus, foliis breviter petiolatis lanceolatis acutis 
v. acuminatis integerrimis, eapitulis parvis nnrnerosissimis pedunculitis in 
paniculas corymbiformes terminales et axillares gracile pedunculatas confertis, 
involucro campanulato, bracteis anguste lanceolatis acuminatis exterioribus 
brevioribns, floribus radii azureis, acheniis oblongis angulatis et costatis 
pubescentibus pappo rufo paullo brevioribus. 

M. albescens, Clarke Comp. Ind. p. 59 ; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 257. 

M. cabulica et M. Griffitbii, Clarke I. c. pp. 57, 58. 

Aster cabulicus, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1843, Misc. 62; Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. 
1847, p. 34 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iii. p. 158. 

Asteb ferrugineus, Fdgetc. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xx. p. 64. 

Astee albescens, Walp. Cat. n. 2974. 

Amphieaphis albescens, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 343. 

Contza conspicua, Wall. Cat. n. 3066. 

Homosttlium cabulicum, Nees in Linncea, vol. xviii. p. 513. 

Though cultivated in England so long ago as 1842, this 
very handsome and hardy shrub is very little known in 
gardens. It was introduced by Dr. Royle when in charge 
of the Saharumpore Botanical Gardens, and flowered first 
in those of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick; where, 
from the erroneous supposition that the seeds were sent 
from Afghanistan, it received the name of Aster cabulicus. 
It affords a conspicuous example of the confusion into 
which Indian Botany fell during the first half of this 
Century, for it received no less than nine names, and was 
referred to five genera, within a comparatively very short 
period after its being first known to botanists. As a 
genus Microglossa differs from Aster chiefly in the very 

FfcKRl'ARY 1st, 1883. 

small heads, short rays, and not compressed achenes ; and 
from Erigeron in the single row of ray-flowers. M. albescens 
differs from its congeners in having a blue ray. It re- 
sembles Aster sikkimensis (Plate 4557) in the stems 
forming almost perfect wood the first year, full of leaf-buds 
in the late autumn, which die down to the root in most 
winters ; but in the present very mild one are persistent up 
to this date (January 27th). 

Microglossa albescens inhabits the temperate regions of 
the whole length of the Himalaya, from Kishtwar to 
Sikkim and Bhotan ; ascending to 9000 feet in the west, 
and to 12,000 feet in the east; it has been repeatedly 
introduced, and flourishes at Kew against a south wall, 
flowering in June and July, but not ripening seed. 

Descr. An undershrub, two to four feet high ; branches 
slender, leaves beneath and inflorescence clothed with 
hoary whitish pubescence. Leaves three to five inches 
long, shortly petioled, lanceolate, acuminate, quite entire, 
nerves inconspicuous, base acute, light . green above. 
Heads one-third of an inch in diameter, very numerous, in 
copiously branched axillary and terminal corymbiform 
peduncles ; branches and peduncles slender. Involucre 
campanulate ; inner bracts narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 
outer shorter. Ligules pale blue, quite horizontal, variable 
in breadth; disk-flowers prominent, yellow. Achenes 
narrow, angled and strongly ribbed, pubescent; rather 
shorter than the red pappus.—/. D. H. 


ig. 1, Head ; 2, receptacle and part of involucre ; 3, ray-flower ; 4, its style- 
s; 5, corolla of dusk-flower ; 6, stamens ; 7, style-arms of disk-flower : 8,achenc 
and pappus ; 9, pappus hair :— all enlarged. 



1 "Reeve & C° London 

Tab. 6673. 

Native of Cochin-china. 

Nat. Ord. Aeoide^;. — Tribe Pyihonie^. 

Genus Pseudodbacontictm, N. E. Br.; (Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii 

p. 971, ined.) 

Pseudodbacontium Lacourii ; petiolo scapoque gracili pallide griseo-rufescente 
olivaceo-fasciato, lamina folii trisecta, segmentis sessilibus v. petiolulatis 
indivisis v. 2-pluri-partitis, ultimis sessilibus obovato-oblongo- v. elliptico- 
lanceolatis acuminatis viridibus albo-maculatis, spatha cymbiformi viridi 
apicnlata, spadice robusto spathae sequilongo, inflorescentia mascula laxiflora 
quam fcemineam brevem cylindraceam longiore et latiore, staminibus ad 4, 
antheris clavato-rotundatis, ovariis oblique globosis, stigmate subsessili, 
appendice crassiuscule stipitato conico obtuso stramineo sinuatim sulcato. 

P. Lacourii, N. E. Br. in Trim. Journ. Bot. 1882, p. 194. 

Amoephophallus Lacoubii, Lindl. et Andre in Illustr. Hortic. vol. xxv. p. 90, 
t. 316. 

The singular Aroid here figured is a native of Phuquoc 
in Cochin-china, and was introduced by M. Linden, of 
Brussels, to whom the Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted 
for living plants, which flowered in May of last year. It 
belongs to the same tribe of the order as the Amorpho- 
phalli, of which so many Asiatic species have of late been 
brought under cultivation, and was discovered by M. 
Contest Lacour, a horticulturist employed by the French 
Government in Pondicherry and in Cochin-china. It pro- 
bably attains a much larger size with more divided leaves 
than are exhibited by the specimen here figured. 

Descr. Petiole and peduncle slender, pale greyish red, 
banded with olive green, striate, the former four to six 
inches long, the latter twice as long, both surrounded at 
the base by loose membranous sheaths. Blade of leaf 
three-sect; the divisions each on petiolules one-half to one 
inch long and coloured like the petiole, or the central sessile 
and simple, the lateral two-fid or pinnately three- or more-fid; 

FEBBFAEY 1ST, 1883. 

segments sessile, elliptic- or obovate- or oblong-lanceolate, 
four to five inches long by one-half to two inches broad, 
pale bright yellow-green with scattered round white spots. 
Spathe erect, three inches long, boat-shaped, with an acute 
recurved point, margins hardly overlapping at the base, 
pale green. Spadix about as long as the spathe, sessile. 
Male inflorescence cylindric, lax-flowered, occupying about 
half the spadix, broader and much longer than the female, 
which consists of a short column of densely packed 
obliquely globose ovaries with capitate sessile stigmas. 
Stamens about four ; filaments free, suddenly delated into 
clavate or very broadly obovate obtuse anthers opening by 
small lateral slits. Appendix stoutly stipitate, conical, 
obtuse, about one inch long, straw-coloured, sinuately 
sulcate. — J". D. H. 

Kg. 1, Male flower; 2, 3, 4, and 5, anthers of differed forms ami in different 

positions ; 6, ovary ; 7, vertical section of ditto ; 8, ovule :— all cnlarycd. 


fetcent Bro oks E ay & Sonlmp 

IHeeve & C? London. 

Tab. 6674. 
PLEUROPETALUM costabicense. 
Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Amabanthace.e. — Tribe Ceiosie^. 
Genus Pleubopetalum, Rook.f.; {Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 157.) 

Plettropetalttm costaricense; glaberrimum, erectum, foliis alternis petiolatis 
ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis integerrimis v. marginibus subundulatis, paniculis 
terminalibus et in axillis supremis ramosis multifloris, floribus par vis confertis 
breviter pedicellatis bracteatis et 2-bracteolatis, perianthii rubri segmentis 5 
ellipticis concavis obtusis, staminibus 5-8 filamentis perianthio subasquilongis 
antheris parvis, ovario ovoideo-globoso, stigmatibus 3 breviter linearibus 
obtusis, baccis pisiformibus globosis rubris polyspermia. 

P. costaricense, H. Wendl. MSS.; Hemsl. in Biol. Centr. Amer. vol. iii. p. 12 
(? excl. Syn.). 

A very handsome half-shrubby plant when in fruit, well 
adapted for pot-culture in a moderately warm house, where 
it retains its brilliant berries for several months. It is a 
native of Central America and Mexico, and if, as explained 
below, it is the same with Melanocarpum Sprucei, its area 
of distribution extends to Equador in South America. It 
was sent to Kew by Dr. Wendland, the learned Director of 
the Imperial Botanical Garden of Herrenhausen, Hanover, 
under the above name. The specimen here figured flowers 
in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens in the autumn 
months, and ripens its fruit in winter. 

The genus to which this plant belongs is somewhat 
doubtful. Pleuropetalum was founded by me in 1846, on a 
single very imperfect specimen of a shrub brought by the 
late Mr. Darwin from the Galapago Islands, and published 
in the " London Journal of Botany " (vol. v. p. 108, t. 2), 
and in the Linnsean Transactions (vol. xx. p. 221) ; it had 
eight stamens, with the filaments united below the middle 
into a membranous cup, and four stigmata. Regarding 
the bracteoles (which are connate) as sepals, and the 

EEBEUABY 1ST, 1883. 

perianth- segments as petals, I referred it to Portulacece, 
and named it (after the many ribs on the dried petals) 
Pleuropetalum Darivinii. The only known specimen of 
this plant is in the Cambridge University Herbarium, and 
until better materials should be forthcoming, and especially 
fruiting ones, it was thought better, when describing the 
Portulacece for the first volume of Bentham's and my 
" Genera Plantarum," to retain it, with a mark of doubt, in 
that Order. Endlicher, however, in the fourth Supplement 
to his " Genera Plantarum " (p. 44), had rightly referred it 
to Amaranthacece, in which he was followed by Moquin 
Tandon in De Candolle's Prodromus (vol. xiii. pars 2, 
p. 463), who, moreover, changed the generic name to 
Allochlamys, on the ground of the perianth- segments not 
being corolline. When preparing the Amaranthacece for 
the " Genera Plantarum," I met with an undescribed plant 
gathered by Spruce on Chimborazo, which (relying on 
Spruce's description of the fruit) I described as Melano- 
carpum Sprucei (vol. hi. p. 24), whose similitude to the 
absent and long-forgotten Pleuropetalum I did not recog- 
nize, and which differs from that genus in having usually five 
nearly free stamens, and two to three stigmas. This, 
which is also found in Mexico, Mr. Hemsly, in the " Bio- 
logia Centrali-americana," has regarded as conspecific with 
the Pleuropetalum costaricense, and probably rightly ; but 
it remains to be seen whether both may not be referable 
specifically to P. Darwinii, for which better specimens of 
the Galapagos plant are necessary. 

Desce. A small shrub, quite glabrous; branches smooth, 
terete, green. Leaves petioled, alternate, four to five 
inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, with the tip 
often drawn out, margin even or obscurely undulate, dark 
green above, paler beneath, nerves many oblique; petiole 
one-half to one inch long. Flowers small, very numerous 
m terminal and axillary subcorymbose much-branched 
panicles, shortly pedicelled, bracteate and two-bracteolate ; 
bracts small, at the base of the pedicel; bracteoles minute, 
ovate, obtuse, connate at the base. Perianth a quarter of 
a u i 11 !- ?i diameter > S reen at iength scarlet ; segments five, 
elJJptic-oblong, obtuse, concave, spreading, strongly many- 
ribbed when dry. Stamens five to eight, hypogynous, 

filaments subulate, united at the base; anthers small, 
included, didymous. Ovary ovoid, with three to four linear 
obtuse short spreading stigmas ; ovules very many, at the 
bottom of the cell. Berries size of a pea, globose, blood 
red, shiny, tipped with the stigmas and seated on the 
persistent perianth. Seeds very numerous, black. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, ovary ; 3, vertical section of fruit and perianth ; 4, young 
seed : — all enlarged. 


"Vincent Br o oks 

Lfoeve iuC. Landoa 

Tab. 6675. 

CARAGUATA iiqsaica. 

Native of Neiv Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace.e. — Tribe Tillandsie^. 
Genus Cabagcata, Lindl.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 668, ined.) 

Caraguata (Massangea) musaica; acaulis, foliis 12-20 loratis integris cuspidatis 
utrinque fasciis copiosis vermiformibus transversalibus prseditis, facie pallida 
viridibus fasciis saturate viridibus, dorso purpureo- viridibus fasciis^ purpuras- 
centibus, pedunculo splendide rubro bracteis multis parvis deltoideis scariosjs 
concoloribus prsedito, floribus in capitulum globosum aggregatis, bracteis 
inagnis deltoideis splendide rubris, sepalis lanceolatis cartilagineis glabris luteo 
tinctis, corolla albida calyce breviore segmentis oblongis tubo sequilongis, 
staminibus inclusis ad tubi faucem insertis uuiseriatis, ovario ovoideo stylo 

C. musaica, Andri in III. Sort. vol. xxiv. (1877), p. 27, t. 268. 

Massangea musaica, E. Morren. in Belg. Ilort. vol. xxvii. (1877), p. 199, t. 8, 9 

Tillandsia musaica, Hurt. Linden. ; J. Moore in Florist (1875), p. 15, cum 

Vbiesea musaica, Cogn. et Marchand in Dallier Plantes feuill. or nam. vol. ii. 
t. 39. 

Billbekgia musaica, Regel in Gartenfl. (1874), p. 378, cum icone. 

This fine Broraeliad is now widely spread in cultivation, 
and at once attracts attention by the remarkable marking 
of its leaves. It was sent in 1871 to Linden, by Gustave 
WaUis, from a wood, at an altitude of 3000 feet above 
sea-level, near Teorama, in the neighbourhood of Ocana, 
in New Granada, and was received in the same year direct 
by Mr. Win. Bull. It was first exhibited by Mr. Bull in 
flower to the Royal Horticultural Society in April, 1875. 
Professor Morren, who gives a full and excellent account 
of its history and characters in the volume of the Belgique 
Horticole above cited, has founded upon it his genus 
Massangea, which principally differs from Caraguata, as 
represented by the well-known G. ligulata of Lmdley, and 
G. ZaJmii, by the corolla being much smaller than the calyx. 

MAKCH 1ST, 18S3. 

Our drawing was made from a specimen that flowered at 
Kew in October, 1882. 

Descb. Acaulescent. Leaves lorate, twelve to twenty in 
a rosette, rather cartilaginous in texture, obtuse with a 
deltoid cusp, one and a half or two feet long, two or three 
inches broad at the middle, marked with copious slender 
transverse wavy vermiform lines on both surfaces, those of 
the face dark green on a pale green groundwork, those of 
the back bright purple on a purplish-green glossy ground. 
Peduncle central, a foot long, bright scarlet down the base, 
furnished with numerous small scariose deltoid bract-leaves 
of the same colour. Floivers about twenty, aggregated 
into a globose capitulum, each subtended by a large bright 
red deltoid bract. Calyx of three, lanceolate, cartilaginous, 
sepals above an inch long, glabrous, free to the base, 
tinged yellow. Corolla white, much shorter than the calyx, 
with an oblong tube and three oblong segments. Stamens 
inserted in a single row at the throat of the corolla-tube ; 
filaments very short; anthers linear. Ovary ovoid; style 
elongated; stigmas three, oblong, not spirally twisted. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Calyx cut open so as to show the corolla; 2, corolla cut open so as to show 
the stamens and pistil ; 3, a stamen, viewed from the back ; 4, summit of the style, 
with the three stigmas; 5, horizontal section of ovary :— all more or less enlarged. 


-iroo'ks Day ?c San te_P 

L Reeve S G c -London 

Tab. 6676. 


Native of New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeyllidejs. — Tribe Amary£LE2E. 
Genus Euchaeis, Planch. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 731, ined.) 

Eucharis Sanderii ; bulbo ovoideo, foliis petiolaiis cordato-ovatis cuspidatis, 
magnis membranaceis viridibus, venis primariis 6-10-jugis venulis transversa- 
libus crebris conspicuis, scapo tereti subpedati, umbellis 2-3-floris, spatlia? 
valvis lanceolatis auuminatis viridibus, pedieellis brevissimis, ovario oblongo- 
trigono, ovulis in loculo pluribus hoiizontalibus, perianthiitubo currato sursum 
late infundibulari deorsum cylindrico, segmentia late ovatis niveis, corona ad 
tubi apicem adnata striis luteis ornata margine libero angustissiino,filamentorum 
parte libero lineari incurvato, antheris linearibus, stylo ex tubo exserto apice 
stigmatoso incrassato trilobato. 

This new Eucharis will, no doubt, be a very popular 
plant. It has completely the habit and foliage -of the well- 
known Eucharis grandiflora, but the corona is almost 
entirely adnate to the dilated upper portion of the perianth- 
tube, leaving only a narrow collar-like free border, upon 
which the distinct portion of the filaments is inserted. It 
comes from the same country as E. grandiflora and Candida, 
and requires similar treatment. It was introduced by 
Messrs. J. Sander and Co., of St. Albans, after whom it is 
named, in March, 1882. The bulbs with which they 
supplied us flowered at Kew in November and December, 
and it was from one of these that the accompanying figure 
was drawn. 

Desor. Bulbs ovoid, one and a half or two inches in 
diameter, with brown tunics and a short distinct neck. 
Leaves two to a scape-; petiole four or six inches long, 
flattened on the face ; blade cordate- ovate, cuspidate, eight 
or ten inches long, five or six inches broad, membranous in 
texture, quite glabrous, bright green on the face, pale green 

march 1st, 1883. 

on the back, with six to ten pairs of arcuate primary veins, 
connected by close distinct cross-veinlets. Scape terete, 
about a foot long. Spathe-valves three or four, lanceolate 
acuminate, green, unequal. Flowers two or three in an 
umbel, not distinctly scented ; pedicels very short ; ovary 
oblong- trigonous, half an inch long in the flowering stage, 
with about twenty horizontal ovules in each of the three 
cells ; perianth-tube curved, two inches long, cylindrical in 
the lower part, tinged with green, dilated into a funnel in 
the upper third; limb pure white, about two inches in 
diameter when expanded ; segments ovate, much imbricated. 
Corona adnate to the upper portion of the perianth-tube, 
except a very narrow free border, furnished with six 
primrose-yellow vertical stripes ; free portion of the filaments 
incurved, a third of an inch long ; anthers linear. ^ Style 
protruded from the corolla-tube, thickened and distinctly 
three-lobed at the stigmatose apex. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1. Anther, viewed from the front; 2, anther, viewed from the hack; 
3, stigma : — all enlarged. 


"Vincent 3rc oks D ay & ■ 

Re«v« &.C°Lontcn 

Tab. 6677. 

Native of East Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Acan traced. — Tribe Thitn:bfbgie.zb. 
Genus Thunbergia, Linn.f. ; (Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1072.) 

Thunbebgia KirJcii ; erecta, gracilis, glaberrima, foliis breviter petiolatis lanceo- 
latis v. trapezoideo-lanceoiatis ^ubacutis apiculatis 3-nervii.s inte^eiriiuif v. 
utrinque obtuse sinuato-unidentatis 3-nerviis, cymis axillaribus 2-floris, brac- 
teolis oblongis subacutis tubo corolla? paullo longioribus, calyce annulari 
irregulariter dentato, corollse ccerulese tubo brevi, fauce campanulato longiore, 
limbi lobis brevibus late obovatis retusis. 

Tropical Africa is rich in species of Thunbergia, including 
plants referred to Meyenia (now reduced to a section of the 
genus), especially of the erect forms, to which belong the 
T. natalensis (Plate 5082), Meyenia VogeJiana (Plate 5389), 
unfortunately lost to our gardens, and M. erecta (Plate 5013). 
These all differ from the Indian species in never climbing, 
but, as with T. Kirlcii, forming bushes with rigid stems 
and branches; they further differ from such types as T. 
alala (Plate 2591) in the corolla-lobes being comparatively 
(to the tube and throat) smaller, and not so flat and hori- 
zontally patent. Amongst other superb species yet to be 
introduced into our gardens from Africa as especially 
handsome are the above-mentioned T. Vogeliaua, Benth., 
from Fernando Po, which forms a shrub 20 feet high, 
bearing a profusion of violet-coloured flowers two inches 
long; T. lancifolia, T. Anders., of Angola, with deep blue 
flowers as much in diameter. 

Thunbergia Kirhii is most nearly allied to T. erecta 
(Plate 5013), in which there is the same tendency to a 
rhomboid form of leaf, but which has a much larger and 
deeper coloured flower, a calyx of many equal subulate 
teeth, and which is a native of the opposite (western) 

MARCH 1st, 1883. 

African coast, whereas T. KirJcii has been found only at 
Mombasa, N. of Zanzibar, in latitude 4° S., where it was 
discovered by the Rev. Mr. Wakefield, who communicated 
specimens to Col. Grant in 1876, without flower, however. 
The specimen here figured was from a plant received from 
Sir John Kirk, K.C.M.G., which flowered in the Royal 
Gardens in September, 1882. 

Desce. A small shrub two to three feet high, with 
slender rigid divaricating acutely four-angled stem and 
branches. Leaves one and a half to three inches long by 
half to three-quarters of an inch broad, very shortly 
petioled, lanceolate, subacute or obtuse, apiculate with the 
excurrent midrib, quite entire or with each side dilated 
into an obtuse lobe, giving a rhomboid form, three-nerved, 
rigid, dark green above, paler beneath. Flowers in two- 
flowered short cymes; peduncle and pedicels short, stiff. 
Bracteoles one-third of an inch long, oblong, subacute, 
green. Calyx a very short irregularly obtusely toothed 
cup. Corolla one and a quarter inches long; tube short, 
slender, one-third the length of the campanulate limb ; 
lobes spreading, but not horizontally, broadly obovate, 
retuse, violet-blue. Stamens at the top of the tube, slightly 
hairy at the very bases of the filaments, or on the corolla 
below their insertion ; anthers acute. Ovary glabrous, 
stigma shortly two-lipped. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Portion of corolla and stamens ; 2, calyx ani ovary ; 3, stigma : — all 

L"Reeve & C^loncLon 

Tab. 6678. 
FRAXINUS Maeiesii. 

Native of North China. 

Nat. Ord. Oleace^:. — Tribe Fbaxineje. 
Genua Fbaxinus, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 676.) 

Fbaxinus (Ornus) Mariesii ; petiolis paniculisque tenuissirae puberulis, foliolis 
2-jugis lateralibus subsessilibus ovatis obovatis oblongisve acutis obtusis v. 
acuminatis integerrimis v. supra medium serratis utrinque glabris, terminali 
petiolulato obovato v. oblanceolato, paniculis confertis foliis subaequilongis 
ramis gracillimis strictis erecto-patentibus, fl. £ calyce minuto, corolla lineaii- 
oblonga v. oblanceolata obtusa v. subacuta, staminibus petalis zequilongis. 

The subject of this Plate is a small tree which is likely 
to become a favourite in our parks and ornamental grounds, 
from its profusion of white flowers, in which respect it 
rivals its near ally the Manna Ash of S. Europe, a tree 
much more rarely cultivated than it should be. The sec- 
tion of "Flowering Ashes" to which it belongs are probably, 
with one exception, all hardy, being natives of north 
temperate regions all round the globe, except America east 
of the Rocky Mountains, and are all beautiful trees. Of 
these the best known is the S. European Manna Ash, 
mentioned above, which extends along the Mediterranean 
region from Spain to Turkey. In North India it is replaced 
by the F. floribunda, Wallich, which occurs along the whole 
range of the Himalaya. In N. China this again is replaced 
by F. Bungeana, A. DO., and in S. China, Hongkong, by 
F. rebuAHy a species which is probably not hardy ; in Japan 
by F. Sieboldiana, Blume, and in California by F. depetala. 
The absence of any representation in America east of the 
Rocky Mountains, whilst one is present to the west of that 
range, is one of the remarkable exceptions to the well-known 
fact of the Flora of the Eastern United States being more 
nearly allied to that of N. E. Asia, than is that of the 
Western States. 

MAKCil 1st, 1883. 

The nearest ally of F. Mariesii is the Chinese F. Bungeana, 
which differs in the slender long petiolules of the leaflets, 
which are also more strongly serrated ; otherwise the species 
are, in so far as can be judged from males alone, very alike ; 
I have seen no fruits of either. 

F. Mariesii is a discovery of Mr. Maries, when travelling 
for Messrs. Veitch in China, who sent dried specimens 
from the province of Kiu Kiang, together with seeds, from 
which the plants were propagated, which afforded the Plate 
here produced; they flowered in Mr. Veitch's nursery at 
Coombe Wood in May last. 

Descr. A small tree, glabrous in all its parts except the 
petioles, rachis of the leaf, and branches of the panicle, 
which are covered with a very fine pubescence, hardly 
visible to the naked eye, branches rather slender. Leaves 
four to six inches long ; petiole and rachis very slender ; 
leaflets two pairs and an odd one, one to three inches long, 
sessile or narrowed into an exceedingly short petiole, ovate 
obovate or lanceolate, obtuse acute or acuminate, glabrous, 
quite entire or serrated beyond the middle, pale green. 
Panicles very numerous from the uppermost axils, about as 
long as the leaves, strict, erect ; branches erecto-patent, 
slender, strict. Flowers (g only seen) shortly pedicelled. 
Calyx minute, four-cleft, lobes puberulous. Petals five to 
six, one-fourth of an inch long, linear-oblong or oblanceo- 
late, obtuse or subacute, white. Stamens two to four, 
about as long as the petals, filaments slender; anthers 
ovate. Female flowers, fruit not seen. — /. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Flowers with five and six petals respectively ; 4 and 5, ba k and 
front views of anthers : — all enlarged. 

, G67.% 

Tab. 6679. 
COMPABETTIA maceoplecteox. 

Native of Neiv Granada. 

Nat. Ord. OscHiDEiE. — Tribe Va> t de.e. 

Genus Compabettia, Pcepp. et Endl. ; (Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. 

p. 558, ined.) 

Compabettia macroplectron ; foliis lineari-oblongis acutis crasse coriaceis supra 
convqxis marginibus recurvis subtus pallide ferrugineo-irroratis, racemo 
gracile pedunculato pendulo subsexfloro, bracteis parvis, sepalo postico oblongo 
acuminato, lateralibus in laminam cymbiformem acuminatam labello suppo- 
sitam dorso in calcar unicum longissimum productam connatis, petalis obovatis 
acuminatis pallide roseis rubro-punctatis, labello amplo roseo maculis pallide 
rubris consperso, ungue brevi utrinque auriculato medio carina elevata acuto, 
lamina transverse oblonga breviter 2-fida sinu acuto lobis undulatis. 

C. macroplectron, JSeichb. f. et Triana in Gard. Chron. 1878, vol. ii. p. 524, et 
1879, vol. i. p. 398 ; Williams Orchid Album, t. 65. 

The genus Comparettia consists of but few species, of 
■which this is far the handsomest; it inhabits the rich 
Orchid districts of the Andes, from Mexico to New Granada, 
where the species here figured was discovered _ by Senor 
Triana. Though a much larger flowered plant, it is much 
inferior in the colour of the flower to L. falcata, Pcepp., 
figured at Plate 4980 of this work, the vivid hues of the 
lip in which are scarcely to be surpassed : it further differs 
remarkably from that plant in the great length of the spur. 
G. macroplectron was, I believe, first imported into and 
flowered in England by Messrs. Low, but the specimen 
here figured was sent in 1881 to the Royal Gardens by Mr. 
Jeuman, when Superintendent of the Jamaica Botanical 
Gardens in that island, and it flowered in October of last 
year. . 

Descr. Pseudobulbs none; base of very short stem 
clothed with distichous rigid bases of old leaves. Leaves two 
to three, four to five inches long, by one-half to one and a 

MABCH lBT, 1883. 

quarter inch broad, thickly coriaceous, linear-oblong, acute, 
convex above, with a deep central furrow, margins recurved, 
green above, beneath pale and faintly streaked with rusty 
yellow. Racemes four- to six-flowered, pendulous from a 
slender curved peduncle of about the same length ; sheaths 
few, small, distant, scarious ; bracts one-sixth to one-fourth 
of an inch long, membranous or minute and tooth-like. 
Flowers distichous, nearly two inches long from the tip of 
the dorsal sepal to the end of the lip, pale rose-coloured 
speckled with red; pedicel and ovary together nearly an 
inch long. Dorsal sepal oblong, acute, pale; two lateral 
sepals combined into a white boat-shaped acuminate lamina 
under the lip, from the base of the back of which descend 
a long nearly straight or curved spur two inches long, 
concealed within which again are the two slender spurs of 
the lip itself, which extend for more than half its length. 
Petals about as long as the dorsal sepal, oblong, acuminate, 
brightly speckled with red. Lip very large, shortly clawed, 
claw with two small side auricles and a mesial longitudinal 
ridge; blade of the lip transversely oblong, narrowed at 
the base, cleft at the broad rounded end, the cleft acute, 
its lobes short, acute, margins waved ; the lip is a deeper 
rose-colour than the petals, and has larger and less vivid 
spots ; the spurs of the lip are very slender, and papillose 
towards the tips, which are shortly villous.—/. D. E. 

enlarged! C ° 1UIM ' "* *" ° f Hp ' &C " ■ panther-case; 3 and 4, pollinia :-a« 


' l 

Tab. 6680. 
SAXIFRAGA coktusifolia. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifbagace.e. — Tribe Saxifbage.e. 
Genus Saxifbaga, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 635. 

Saxifbaga (Hydatica) cortusifolia ; estolonifera, paleaceo-pilosa v. glabrata, foliis 
omnibus radicalibus crasse petiolatis rotundatis basi cordatis v. subreniformibus 
breviter 5-oc -lobis crassis setosis denum glabratis, lobis crenatis rotundatis v. 
rarius subacutis, vaginis brevibus longe ciliatis, scapo valido, panicula ampla 
ramosa ramis elongatis erecto-patentibus, sepalis liberis oblongis obtusis, petalis 
totis albis anguste linearibus acutis 1-3 ceteris multoties longioribus, carpellis 
ultra medium connatis, stylis continuis elongatis rectis, stigmatibus parvis. 

S. cortusifolia, Sieb. et Zucc. Ft. Jap. Fam. Nat. vol. i. p. 190, Ykumayu-ssai, 
Soo Bokf. vol. viii. fol. 12-15 ; Maxim. Mel. Biol. dec. xii. p. 599. 

A very near ally of the old " Strawberry Saxifrage," 
8. sarmentosa, L. (Plate 92 of this work), and still more 
near 8. Fortunei (Plate 5377), which, indeed, Professor 
Maximovicz has doubtfully regarded as a variety of it ; but 
differing from the former in the want of strawberry-like 
runners, and form of the leaves ; and from the latter in the 
much smaller flowers with entire petals. All are remarkable 
for the inequality of the petals, of which one or more exceed 
the rest by many times their length ; a peculiarity in the 
floral development repeated in a plant of widely different 
affinity, lately figured in this work, the Chionogr aphis 
japonica, Plate 6510. All are natives of South China and 

8. cortusifolia is, probably, a very variable plant, several 
forms of it being figured in the Japanese botanical work 
quoted as the Soo Bokf., differing greatly in the form and 
cutting of the lobes of the leaf. The specimen here figured 
was communicated by Messrs. Veitch, who raised it from 
Japanese seed sent by their admirable collector, Mr. Maries. 
It flowered in October. 

Desce. A stout herbaceous perennial, more or less clothed 

MABCH 1st, 1883. 

with coarse cellular hairs on the leaves and scape below, 
and with finer ones on the panicle above. Boots without 
stolons. Stems none. Leaves on stout petioles, orbicular 
with a cordate base or subreniform, two to three inches in 
diameter, shallowly five- to many-lobed, the lobes rounded 
and obtuse or triangular and acute, crenate or toothed; 
nerves radiating from the petiole, bright green above, 
fading to bright red-brown or red ; petiole two to three 
inches long, sheath half to three-quarters of an inch, ciliate 
with long hairs. Scape long or short, stout, bearing a 
large open panicle often seven to eight inches long and five 
to six broad ; branches erecto-patent ; bracts ovate, ciliate. 
Flowers on slender pedicels, one-third to one-half of an inch 
across the smaller petals. Sepals nearly free, oblong, 
obtuse, green, about half the length of the smaller petals. 
Petals linear, subacute, white, unspotted, the one to 
three longer ones one-half to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Filaments slender ; anthers bright red-brown. Ovary free ; 
carpels united to above the middle, ending in straight 
suberect styles with small capitate stigmas. — J. B. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Anthers ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 


\Titm on) w S Son Imp 

Tab. 6681. 
MEDINILLA amabilis. 
Native of Java. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace.b. — Tribe Medinille^:. 
Genus Medinilla, Gaud.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 759.) 

Medinilla amabilis; glaberrima, ramulis 4-gonis angulia crispato-alatis, foliis 
amplis oppositis sessilibus late obovato- v. elliptico-oblongis acutis quintupli- 
nerviis marginibus undulatis basi obtusis v. cordatis, nervis crassis, paniculis 
maximis terminalibus erectis pj'ramidatis crasse pedunoulatis ramosis multifloris, 
pedunculo rachi ramisque (primariis verticillatis) crassis teretibus ultimis roseis, 
braeteis 0, floribus crasse pedicellatis amplis roseis, catycis tubo bemispberico 
limbo annulari truncato integerrimo v. obscure sinuato,petalisoboTato-oblougis, 
staminibus 10 antheris pallide violaceis. 

M. amabilis, Dyer in Gard. Chron. 1874, part i. p. 372, fig. 81 ; Bull Retail 
List of New, Sfc, Plants, 1874, p. 13. 

Though differing in habit, this is quite as striking a 
plant as the M. magnified (Plate 4533), which it excels in 
the size of the flowers, but falls far short of in wanting the 
beautiful coloured bracts of that species. It is much more 
nearly allied to M. speciosa, Blume (Bot. Mag. Plate 4321), 
which differs in the long internodes with smooth margins, 
and in the pendulous panicle of smaller flowers ; and to 
M. javanensis, Plate 4569, also a small-flowered species 
with four-angled internodes and truncate petals. Our 
specimen formed an erect shrub, but so many species are 
scandent that this may be so in a fully developed condition. 
When published by Mr. Dyer the native country of this 
species was unknown, and as it could not be matched with 
any described species, it might well have been supposed to 
have come from some of the little explored islands to the 
eastward of the Malayan groups. Now that we are in- 
formed by Mr. Bull that it is a native of Java, it cannot 
but surprise us that so striking a plant should inhabit an 
island so well known botanically, and have remained un- 

APE1L 1st, 1883. 

described so long. No less than eight Javan species are 
enumerated in the Catalogue of the Buitenzorg Garden in 
Java, and sixteen are described as natives of that island by 
Miquel, but I am unable to refer M. amabilis to any of 

The specimen figured flowered at the Royal Gardens in 
August last ; it was presented by Mr. Bull, who imported 
the plact upwards of ten years ago. 

Descr. Quite glabrous, shrubby. Stem and branches 
four-angled ; . angles with short crisped or crenately waved 
wings. Leaves very large, a foot long by six to eight 
inches broad, sessile, obovate- or elliptic-oblong, acute, 
often concave, quintuple-nerved, margin wavy, nerves very 
stout, texture thick, colour very bright-green ; base cuneate 
or cordate. Panicles terminal, erect, peduncled, pyramidal, 
much branched, a foot high, by six to nine inches broad ; 
peduncle as thick as the finger, cylindric, smooth ; branches 
horizontal, whorled, and branchlets stout terete pale, the 
ultimate ones rosy, bracts none. Flowers shortly peduncled, 
rose-coloured, one and a half to two inches in diameter. 
Calyx-tube hemispheric, limb a short thin erect ring 
obscurely nve-lobed or quite truncate. Petals obovate- 
oblong, obtuse, concave, thick. Stamens ten ; anthers pale 
violet, slender, upcurved, connectives bigibbous at the base ; 
shorter anthers about one-third smaller than the longer. — 
/. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut vertically ; 2, calyx ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, tip of style and 
stigma : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 6G82. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiai>e,e. — Tribe Mabsdenie^:. 
Genus Hoya, Linn,; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 776.) 

Hota linearis ; plus minusve hirsuta, ramis elongatts gracillirais pendulis flaecidis 
simpliciusculis, foliis l£-2-pollicaribus breviter petiolatis angustis teretibus 
dorso canaliculars, umbellis terminalibus subsessilibus laxis multifloris, sepalis 
brevibus ovato-lanceolatis birsutis, corolla alba convexa intus glabra v. 
papillosa, lobis brevibus obtusia, coronae processubus stellatim patentibus. 

H. linearis, Wall, in Wight Contrib. p. 37 \ Cat. 8155 ; Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 
p. 130; Dene, in DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 637. 

Var. sikHmensis ; corolla intus glabra, coronae processubus subcylindraceo-ovoideis 
obtusis. Ilooh.f. in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 53 (ined.). 

The genus Hoya attains its maximum in transgangetic 
India, and there are still many beautiful species to be im- 
ported, especially from Assam, Burma, and the Malay 
Peninsula and Islands. Westward the genus rapidly 
diminishes in number of species, and is confined to the 
hotter and damper valleys of the Himalaya. In the most 
recent examination of the Indian Hoyas (Flora of British 
India, ined.) there are described seventeen species from the 
country extending from Burma to Malacca ; thirteen inhabit 
the Khasia Mountains and Assam ; ten are found in Sikkim ; 
four of the latter in Nepal, and only two of these enter 
Kumaon, which is the western as well as northern limit of 
the genus ; five are known in the mountains of the Deccan 
Peninsula, and only two in Ceylon. By far the most 
gorgeous species are natives of Borneo and the Moluccas, 
from whence the allies and rivals of H. imperialis, namely 
H. grandiflora, Blume, H. Ariadne, Dene., A. lutea, Dene., 
are to be obtained. 

H. linearis was founded by Wight on Wallich's Nepal 

APBIL 1st, 1883. 

specimens. I have examined these in Wight's Herbarium, 
and find that the corolla is papillose within and its coronal 
lobes broader and flatter than in the Sikkim specimens ; 
unfortunately, however, these flowers are detached from 
the leaves, and may probably belong to another species 
(H. lanceolata). On the other hand the form of the coronal 
processes is not so constant in some Hoyas, as that species 
can safely be founded on it alone ; and I have therefore 
adopted the course of regarding the Sikkim plant as a 
variety of the Nepal one. I need not remind the reader 
that Sikkim and Nepal are coterminous provinces, with 
almost identical vegetation, and that it is extremely im- 
probable, having regard to the distribution of Hoyas, that 
a strictly endemic species of it should exist in Nepal alone. 

The specimen figured flowered in Messrs. Veitch's es- 
tablishment in October last. 

Descr. More or less hirsute with soft spreading hairs. 
Stems tufted, pendulous, very slender, flexuous, a foot long 
and upwards. Leaves one and a half to two inches long 
by one-eighth to one-sixth of an inch in diameter, shortly 
petioled, cylindric, subacute, deeply grooved beneath, dark 
green. Flowers in a sessile terminal lax umbel ; pedicels 
one to one and a half inch long. Calyx-lobes small, hirsute, 
ovate-lanceolate. Corolla half an inch in diameter, white, 
recurved, glabrous within ; lobes short, broad, obtuse. 
Coronal processes stellately spreading, obtuse, subcylindric, 
very pale pink. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx; 2, corona viewed from above, and 3, from the side: — all enlarged 




L Re eve &_ C®T< 

Tab. 6683. 
ljelia monophylla. 
Native of Jamaica. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^. — Tribe Epidendbejb. 
Genus Lcelia, Lindl. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 533, ined.) 

L.ELIA monophylla ; rbizomate repente ramoso, caulibns pluribus gracilibus erectis 
1-foliatis intra folium longe vaginatis, folio anguste lineari-oblongo obtusiusculo, 
scapo elongato gracili uni-(rarissime bi-)floro vaginis' remotis cylindraceis 
appressis aucto, perianthio aurantiaco-coccineo 1-1 J poll, diametro, sepalis 
petalisque patentibus subicqualibus oblongis subacutis, labello parvo columnam 
amplectente, lobis lateralibus angustis rotundatis terminali brevissimo recurvo 
rotundato, disco papilloso, clinandrio dorso crenulato. 

L. monophylla, N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. vol. xviii. (1882), p. 782. 

Teigonidium monopbyllum, Griesb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. p. 629. 

Octadesmia monophylla, Benth. in Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 526. 

Unlike as this pretty plant is to most of its congeners, I 
am unable to find any character by which it should be 
removed from the genus to which Mr. N. E. Brown has 
referred it ; except indeed, as may well be held in many 
cases, habit should be made available. This, however, is 
allowable only when the characters which habit affords are 
trenchant, and not those of a transitional nature, or such 
as may be expected to occur in a genus, from certain 
tendencies shown amongst its species. Now in the case 
of Lcelia there are species showing a strong tendency to 
the habit of L. monophylla, notably the beautiful L. cinna- 
barina, Plate 4302, in which the pseudo-bulbs are suppressed, 
and the usually large lip of Lcelia is represented by an 
organ little larger in proportion to the size of the flower 
than is that of L. monophylla. The red colour of the 
perianth of L. monophylla, too, so unusual in Laha, is 
represented by one as vivid, though of a much yellower 
tint, in L. cinnabar hta. 

APEIL 1st, 1883. 

L. monophylla is a native of the mountains of Jamaica, 
where it was discovered by the late Dr. Bancroft upwards 
of half a century ago, and communicated to Sir W. Hooker. 
It has since been collected by Mr. Morris, Director of 
Gardens and Plantations, and by Mr. G. Syme, the Super- 
inteDdent of the Botanical Gardens in Jamaica, growing on 
trees at elevations of 3000 to 5000 feet above the sea. 

Living specimens communicated from those Gardens by 
Mr. Morris in 1881 flowered at Kew in October of the 
following year. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs none ; rhizomes forming a branched 
matted mass sending up tufts of leafing and flowering stems. 
Stem including the flowering scape six to ten inches high, 
as thick as a crow-quill, rigid, erect ; basal part below the 
leaf one to two inches long, clothed with long tubular 
appressed sheaths speckled with pink. Leaf solitary, 
suberect, sessile, two to three inches long by one-half to 
two-thirds of an inch broad, narrowly linear-oblong, obtuse, 
coriaceous, midrib strong beneath, deep green above, paler 
beneath. Scape much longer than the leaf, slender, with 
two or three speckled sheaths one-half to one inch long, 
similar to those below the leaf, the uppermost enveloping 
the base of the ovary. Floioers suberect, one to two inches 
in diameter, vivid orange-scarlet all over, except the 
purple anther-cap. Sepals and petals similar, spreading, 
oblong, subacute. Lip very small, embracing the column, 
lateral lobes very narrow, rounded; terminal minute, 
spreading, rounded, papillose on the disk. Column with 
the dorsal margin of the clinandrium crenulate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. I, Column and lip ; 2, clinandrium ; 3, anther-cap ; 4 and 5, front and back 
view of pollinea : — all enlarged. 



L Reeve & C° Lonlon. 

Tab. 6684. 
HAMAMELIS virginiana. 

Native of the United States. 

Nat. Ord. Hamamelide,e. 
Genus Hamamelis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol, i. p. 667.) 

Hamamelis virginiana ; fruticosa v. subarborea, ramulis ultimis petiolis nervisque 
foliorum subtus furfuraceu-puberulis, foliis ovali* oblongis obovatisve grosse 
crenato-dentatis v. serratis obtusiusculis basi cuneatis v. cordatis inaequilatera- 
libus, nervis paucis validis, calycis lobis patentibus pallidis, capsula calyce 
persistente vix duplo longiore. 

H. virginiana, Linn. Sp. PL p. 124 (1753) ; Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. i. 

p. 597 ; G. B. Emerson Trees and Shrubs of Massachusetts, ed. 2, vol. ii. 

p. 472, cum ic. jpict. 
H. virginica, Linn. Syst. Nat. ed. xiii. p. 129 (1767) ; Ait. Hort. Kew. vol. i. 

p. 167 ; SchJcuhr Handb. vol. i. p. 88, t. 27 ; Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 5<J8; Barton 

Fl. N. Am. vol. iii. p. 21, t. 78 ; Loudon Arboret. p. 1007, t. 756, 757 ; 

DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 268 ; A. Gray Man. Bot. ed. 5, p. 173. 
H. dioica et androgyna ? Walter Carolina, p. 255. 
H. corylifolia, Mcench. Meth. p. 273. 
H. macrophylla, Pursh.Fl. p. 116. 
Teiloptjs virginiana, nigra, rotundifolia et dentata, Eaf. Neic. Fl. vol. iii. 

pp. 15-17. 

This, the common Witch Hazel of the United States, 
derives its name from its resemblance to the English hazel 
in leaf, a circumstance which led to its use as a divining- 
rod in the early days of the American Colonies. It 
abounds in moist woods, and especially along the banks of 
streams east of the Mississippi from Canada to Louisiana, 
sometimes attaining twenty feet in height. Like so many 
other Eastern American trees and bushes, it puts on 
gorgeous colour at the fall of the leaf, and contributes not 
a little to the variegated hues of the forests in autumn. 
G. B. Emerson, in his account of the trees and shrubs of 
Massachusetts, says of it, "Amongst the crimson and 
yellow hues of the falling leaves there is no more remark- 
able obje# than the Witch Hazel, in the moment of its 

ArEiL 1st, 1883. 

parting with its foliage, putting forth a profusion of gaudy 
yellow blossoms, and giving to November the counterfeited 
appearance of spring. The union on the same individual 
of blossoms, fading leaves, and ripe fruits, not very 
common in any climate, led Linnaeus to give to an 
American plant a Greek name, significant of the fact of 
its producing flowers together with the fruit." — Vol. ii. 
p. 472. 

In Plate 6659 of last year's volume of this work, the 
rare H. japonica is figured, and the slight diagnostic 
characters which separate it from this are alluded to. Of 
these the chief are the more numerous leaf-nerves, broader 
revolute brown calyx-lobes, and shorter fruiting calyx of 
the Japan plant. 

The Witch Hazel, though rare enough in modern 
gardens, is a very old denizen of England, having been 
introduced in 1736. It flowers annually in Kew in winter, 
but in very various months. 

Descr. A bush or small tree, attaining twenty feet; 
branchlets puberulous, bifarious, slender. Leaves very 
irregular in form, from rounded obovate to ovate elliptic 
or oblong, usually unequally two-lobed at the base, three 
to six inches long, sometimes nearly as broad, margin 
waved, coarsely toothed or lobulate ; nerves strong, five to 
seven pairs, stellately pubescent, at length glabrous ; petiole 
rather short ; stipules lanceolate. Flowers in small globose 
peduncled axillary involucrate heads, polygamous. Calyx 
one-quarter of an inch in diameter, with a brown scale-like 
bract at its base ; tube pubescent, obconic ; lobes broadly 
ovate, obtuse, brown externally, pale within, ciliate. Petals 
strap-shaped, golden yellow, one-half to two-thirds of an 
inch long. Stamens four, alternating with as many 
incurved staminodes. Ovary hairy; styles recurved. Cap- 
sule ovoid, invested half-way up by the enlarged calyx. — 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, petal; 3, stamen and staminodes; 4 and 5, stamens; 
6, stauiinode ; 7, ovary ; 8, vertical section of young carpel ; 9, ripe fruit ; 10, seed; 
11, embryo ; 12, ripe trait of H. japonica ; 13, seed of ditto ; 14, embryo of ditto ; 
— all enlarged. 




I Re<v. . 

Tab. 6685. 
CADIA Ellisiana. 

Native of Madagascar. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminosje. — Tribe Sophoee.£. 
Genus Cadia, Forsk.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 560.) 

Cadia Ellisiana ; glaberrima, ramis ramulisque gracilibus, foliis impari-pinnatis 
foliolis 7-9 elliptico- v. oblongo-lanceolatis breviter petiolulatis obtuse acumi- 
natis nitidis, petiolo basi incrassato, racemis paucifloris breviter pedunculitis, 
floribus gracile pedicellatis, calyce campanula to breviter 5-lobo, lobis late ovatis 
acutis, petalis spathulato-obovatis calyce duplo longioribusro-eis apicibus 
dilatatis subtruncatis, leguminibus oblanceolatis falcatis in stipitem gradient 
longe productis stylo elongato-subulato. 

C. Ellisiana, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xx. p. 135. 

The genus Cadia is remarkable amongst Leguminosce for 
its regular flowers, resembling a good deal those of a 
Mallow or Sida. Only three species are known, natives of 
eastern tropical Africa, southern Arabia, and Madagascar. 
C. Ellisiana differs remarkably from its congeners in the 
very few and large leaflets ; those of the African species, C. 
varid, are in twenty to forty pairs and very narrow, whilst 
in the other Madagascar species, G. pubescens, they are in 
eight to ten pairs and broadly oblong. From a note in the 
Hookerian Herbarium it appears that the latter species was 
in cultivation in England about half a century ago, in the 
once famous garden of Mr. Barclay, of Bury Hill. 

G. Ellisiana was discovered in Madagascar by the eminent 
missionary, traveller, and author, the Eev. AV. Ellis, who 
gave dried specimens to the Herbarium of the Royal 
Gardens in 1870. The specimen here figured was kindly 
communicated by Mr. Day, of Tottenham ; it flowered as 
a small bushy pot plant in December, 1882. 

Descr. Apparently a small slender perfectly glabrous 
bush, branches woody. Leaves alternate, four to six inches 
long, pinnate with an odd leaflet; petiole very short, 
swollen at the base; rachis slender, slightly flexuous, 

apbil 1st, 1883. 

terete; leaflets distant, alternate, spreading, very shortly 
petiolulate, three to four inches long, by one to one and a 
half broad, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, obtusely acuminate, 
base acute, rather hard, shining, midrib stout ; nerves very 
slender, finely reticulated ; stipellge none; stipules minute. 
Flowers one and a half inches long, in axillary few-flowered 
short and shortly peduncled racemes, nodding or pendulous ; 
pedicels one-half to one inch long, very slender. Calyx 
campanulate, pale green, terete, shortly five-lobed ; base 
acute ; lobes broadly ovate, acute, erect. Petals twice as 
long as the calyx, obovate-spathulate, convolute, forming a 
campanulate corolla, rose-red ; tips broad, almost truncate. 
Stamens subequal, filaments slender ; anthers included, 
ellipsoid, yellow. Pod (young) three inches long, oblan- 
ceolate, falcate, narrowed into a very slender stalk, tip 
suddenly and obliquely contracted into a slender subulate 
style.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, calyx and young pod ; 4, young seed :— all enlarged. 



^finceniBr.T oks Day & Sua Imp 

1 Reeve &.C° Louder 

Tab. 6686. 
D^DALACANTHUS macbophyllus. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Tribe Ruellie^, 
Genus D^edalacanthus, T. Anders. ; (Bent/i. etHook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1082.) 

D-EDAlacanthus macrophyllus ; strictus, erectus, minute pubescens, foliis ellip- 
tico-lanceolatis -ovatisve obscure subserrulatis v. integerrimis acuminatis basi 
longe productis, spicis paniculatis strictis elongatis continuis v. interrupts, 
bracteis laxe imbricatis appressis ovatis obovatisve grosse venosis obtusis 
subacutis v. mucronatis integerrimis glanduloso-pubescentibus, caljce minuto 
ad medium 5-fido lobis lanceolatis acuminatis, corolla? violacese tubo gracillimo 
bracteis multo longiore, fauce brevi modice ampliato, lobis oblongis obtusis. 

D. macropbyllus, T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. ix. p. 487. 

Eeanthemum macrophyllum, Wall. Cat. 7179; Nees in Wall. PI. As. Bar' 
vol. iii. p. 106, et in, DC. Prodr. vol. xi. p. 416. 

A tall herb, native of the drier forests of the upper part 
of the Malay Peninsula, extending northward from Moul- 
mein in Tenasserim to Pegu, and eastward into Burma, 
flowering in the dry season. It belongs to a class of 
Acanthaceous plants that are very suitable for winter 
decoration, flowering freely under proper treatment, which 
consists very much in careful watering at the time when m 
their native country little or no rain falls. Several species 
are in cultivation under the names of Eranthemum and 
Judicia, as D. nervosa*, Plate 1358, and D. strictus, Plate 

D. macrophyllus has been long cultivated at Kew, having 
been introduced, no doubt, from the Calcutta Botanical 
Garden ; it has flowered freely in the Palm House and 
elsewhere during the winter months. 

Desce. Erect, two to three feet high, sparingly branched, 
more or less puberulous with appressed scattered very small 
hairs on both surfaces of the leaves, and with spreading 
short glandular hairs on the stem branches above bracts 
and inflorescence generally. Leaves petioled, lower five to 

mat 1st, 1883. 

nine inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, base of the 
blade decurrent on the petiole, margin sometimes obscurely 
serrulate or denticulate. Spikes long-peduncled, strict, 
erect, three to eight inches long, narrow, glandular-pube- 
rulous ; bracts loosely imbricating, one-half to three-fourths 
of an inch long, appressed, ovate or obovate, tip rounded 
acute or mucronate, green, strongly veined ; bracteoles 
narrowly lanceolate equalling or rather longer than the 
calyx. Calyx minute, about one-tenth of an inch long, 
cleft to the middle into five lanceolate erect glandular- 
pubescent lobes. Corolla one and a quarter to one and a 
half inches long, erect, pale violet-blue ; tube very slender, 
curved ; throat short, moderately inflated ; limb reflexed, 
about three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; lobes oblong, 
obtuse, with darker violet veins. Filaments about as long 
as the corolla-lobes. Ovary slender, glandular-pubescent. 

Fig. 1, Bract, bracteoles, and calyx ; 2, portion of corolla and stamens ; 3, stigma ; 
4, ovary :— all enlarged. 


Tab. 6687. 

GREVILLEA annulifera. 

Native of Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Photeace^e.—- Tribe Grevillej:. 
Genus Gkeyillea, Br.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 180.| 

Geevillea (Cycladenia) annulifera; frutex glaberrimus,foliis pinnatis, segmentis 
5-11 remotis divaricatis anguste linearibus rigidis pungentibus marginibus 
revolutis subtus 2-sulcatis, racemis laxe multifloris breviter_ pedunculitis 
solitariis paniculatisve, floribus gracile breviter pedicellatis flavis, perianthio 
brevi glaberrimo intus basi subvilloso segmentis angustis revolutis apicibus 
dilatatiB, toro pulvinari, ovario longe stipitato glaberrimo, stylo longissimo, 
stigmate disci forme laterali. 

G. annulifera, F. Muell. Fragment, vol. iv. p. 85; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. 
p. 460. 

A rigid wiry-leaved shrub, characteristic of the scrubby 
vegetation of many parts of Australia. It belongs to a small 
section of the large genus Grevillea, which numbers upwards 
of one hundred and sixty species (almost without exception 
natives of that continent), in which the racemes are usually 
panicled and the flowers are not unilateral on the rachis. 
Two species only belong to it, the present and G. leucoptens, 
with tomentose branches and segments of the leaves four 
to ten inches long; both are natives of the Murcmsou 
River, on the west coast of Australia, a subtropical region. 

G. annulifera was raised from seed sent by Baron 
Mueller in 1880, and flowered in the Royal Gardens in July 
of last year. . 

Descb. A shrub six to eight feet high, everywhere 
glabrous or nearly so, and somewhat glaucous ; branches 
stiff, terete. Leaves spreading and recurved, three to five 
inches long, pinnate ; segments an inch long, distant, rigid, 
spreading, linear-subulate, pungent, dark green above, 
glaucous beneath with a strong midrib ; petiole one-halt to 
one inch long. Racemes three to four inches long, shortly 
peduncled, panicled at the end of the branches, subcylmdric, 

MAT 1st, 1883. 

lax-flowered, rachis pale green. Flowers sulphur-yellow, 
shortly peclicelled, arranged all round the rachis. Perianth 
very short, one-third of an inch long ; limb strongly revo- 
lute ; lobes minutely puberulous, linear with a dilated ovate 
obtuse antheriferous tip ; tube villous at the base within. 
Torus cushion-shaped. Ovary gibbous, stipitate. Style 
upwards of an inch long, curved, very stout, with an oblique 
disciform stigma. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, segment of perianth ; 3, top of style and stigma ; 4, torus and 
ovary ; — all enlarged. 


"Wacent Brooks Day A. ■ 

Tab. 6688. 
SAXIFRAGA lingulata var. cocblearis. 
Native of the Maritime Alps. 


Genus Saxifeaga, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 635.) 

Raxteraga linanlata; caudicibus ciespitosis crassis foliorum vestigiis vestitis, 
ramfs breXus fol osis glabris v. tenuiter glanduliferis, foliis rosulatis hnean- 
v Tbovato spa h^latis afutis obtusis v. linearibus apicibu. ^tundaU, mtegemm.s 
v. crenulatis calcareo-crustatis, cauinis ]M fa""*"*, uffiKr^ 
floribus corymboso-paniculatis gracile pedtcellatis calycu * glabn lok c ah v 
oblongis obtusis marginibus membranaceo-cdiolatis, petahs obovahs 
sepalis multoties longioribus. 

Vae. cocMearis; minor, rubro- ^^^f^^^^^T^^ 

basilaribus linearibus apice in laminam rotundatam v. late spathulatam 

S. lingulata var. cocblearis, Fngler Monog. Gait. Saxifrag. p. 237. 
S. cocblearis, ReiM. Fl. Germ. Excurs. p. 559 ; Bertol. Fl. Ital. vol. ir. p. 456; 

Ardoino Fl. Alp. Mant. p. 149. 

Saxifraga lingulata is a widely-distributed plant of t he 
Mediterranean region, varying much and assuming con- 
siderably different forms in the regions it rohabite. lhe 
Apennines seem to be the centre of its geogrntag Tango, 
from whence it extends to Sicily in one d recton and 

westward along the Maritime -"P- .. to .^T^fhe Slant 

other. The var. cochlearis is a small state of ; the plant, 
confined, as far as is known to the alpine regions of the 
mountains north of Nice and Mentone, from the Col de 
Tenda to Mount Mulare. ,. 

The specimen here figured was ^«™«JyQ 
Jas. Atkins, of Pamswick, who ft"^*£™ *5? 
in June of last year, and who communicated two sub 
varieties; a smaller with the leaves only one-half jm inch, 
figured on the right-hand side of the Plate; the other the 
principal figure, having leaves three-quarters to one inch 


MAT 1ST, 1S83 

Descb. Densely tufted; rootstocks short, much branched 
clothed below with withered remains of old leaves Leaves 
densely rosulate, spreading, one-half to one inch W 
linear with a dilated rounded or spathulate tip, thickfv 
coriaceous glaucous blue with cartilaginous margins 
edged with a crust of lime, quite glabrous or the young 
slightly hairy. Flowering -stems from the centre of the 

W S \T i K eaVGS ' five t0 Seven inclles hi S h > ™Ty slender, 
bright red-brown, as are the branches, peduncles, and 
pedicels of the thyrsoid or subcorymbose erect open panicle- 
bracts and leaves on the flower-stem small, erect linear 
red-brown. Fleers one-half to three-quarters of 'an inch 
l™ii f' if ^ ^d-brown, tube hemispheric ; lobes 

Ze wh V i? G ' °F1 SG - f et f ! Pread ! n - ° Wte > ti P ro ™^ 
^rvt^/.^T^ * ' anfcWssmalL %^ short, 

ora F ry g ;iJ^;?:!,;5. tl0n ° f flower ' 2 ' sta ^n; 3, style; 4, transverse section of 



L Reeve & C° . 

Tab. 6689. 
Native of India and China. 

Nat. Orel. Lentibulaeine^. 
Genus Uteictjlaeia, Linn.; {Benth. et Jlook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 987.) 

Uteiculabia bifida; erecta, dense crcspitosa, glabernma, Joins scapo mutto 
brevioribus'filiformibus obtusis viridibus, surcuhs repentibus vesiculitis, 
scapis rigidis 2-5-pollicaribns reinotifloris, pedicelhs brevibus marginal.* 
frnctiferis decurvis, bracteis minutis, floribus breviter pedicellate aure.s, sepalo 
superiore late oblongo concavo obtuso, inferiore obovato, corolla) labio supenore 
parvo rotundato, inferiore brevi 2-lobo, palato magnc , turgido, «*»«* po 11. 
longo lente curvo v. fere recto, sepalis fructifens late elliptico-ovate, seminibus 
obovoideis testa laxa scrobiculata. 

U. bifida, Linn. Herb.; A. DC.Prodr. vol. viii. p. 21; OUv. in Journ. Lmn. 
Soc. vol. iii. p. 182, Excl. Syn. U. humihs. 

TJ. biflora, Wall. Cat. 1498, non Boxb. 

U. diantha, A. DC. I. c. p. 21, Excl. Spi. 

U. Wallicbiana, Benj. in Bot. Zeit. 1845, p. 213, non Wight. 

U. brevicaulis, Benj. in Linncea, vol. xx. p. 303. 

U. antirrhinoides, Wall. Cat. 1498 b. 

A very singular little plant, forming, under cultivation 
mossy matted tufts of leaves in a pot of sodden sandy soil, 
above which the wiry rigid stems with yellow flowers, 
something like those of a miniature Unarm, rise in profusion. 
Besides these conspicuous organs, there issue from near 
the base of the leaves slender transparent threads bearing 
the characteristic bladders of the Utricularias which, no 
doubt, entrap minute aquatic animals, as do those oi our 
English floating species of the genus Like so many ^other 
water-loving plants, it has a very wide range, from NejDal 
Assam, Chittagong (where I gathered it m company jih 
Dr. Thomson fn 1850) to Malacca, and it is also found in 
Ceylon, China, Japan, Borneo, and the Philippine Islands. 
It is very nearly allied to another Indian species tf 
WcdlichiJia, which differs chiefly in having erect fruiting 

MAY 1st, 1883. 

Seeds of U. bifida were received from Mr. Ford, Superin- 
tendent of the Hongkong Botanical Gardens in 1881, which 
germinated freely ; and the plants they produced flowered 
abundantly in September, 18b2. 

Descr. Forming densely-matted masses of thread-like 
rhizomes giving off tufts of leaves and bearing obliquely 
orbicular very minute pedicelled bladders ; mouth of the 
bladders lateral, overhung by two subulate processes 
depending from the upper lip. Leaves erect, one to two 
inches long, filiform, or slightly thickened upwards, one- 
nerved, obtuse, bright green. Scapes very numerous, two 
to nye times as long as the leaves, slender, rigid, erect, 
simple or very sparingly branched, naked. Flowers distant, 
pedicelled, pedicels recurved in fruit. Sepals in flower 
small, upper about one-tenth of an inch long, shortly 
oblong, obtuse, concave, lower smaller obovate. Corolla 
bright yellow with a very large and prominent hemispheric 
orange-yellow palate ; upper lip reflexed ; lower very short, 
two-lobed, like two pendulous auricles from the palate; 
spur one-fourth to one-third of an inch long, stout, nearly 
straight, subacute. Fruiting. sepals one-fourth of an inch 
long, broadly ovate, acute or obtuse, enclosing the shortly 
oblong capsule Seeds very numerous, obovoid, testa lax 
closely fitted.—/. D. H. 

^fS^'f^ni^ri 2 '°7 ary j 3 ' ! * tamens >' 4 ' fl ™«; 7, fruiting caljx 
ptuicei , 8, capsule ; 9, placenta and seeds :— all enlarged. 




Tab. 6690. 

SPIRANTHES euphlebia. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Obchideje.— Tribe Neottieje. 
Genus Spibanthes, Linn.; (Berth, et Boole, f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 596.) 

Spieanthes (Stenorhynchus) enpMehm ; caule robusto superne cum »*«£«£» 
pubescentibus, foliis rosulatis lineari-oblonri* subacute undulatis, vag.r, is 
eWatis acuminata superioribus bracteiformibus, bracteis elongato-lanceolat.s, 
raceme brevi densifloro, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis longe acuminata infra medium 
cum ovario in tubum villosum connatis petahsque dimidiato-lanceo atis pauUo 
brevioribus albis brunneo pulcherrime venosis, labello petal, s multo mmore, 
ungue gracili elongato, lamina laneeolato-pandunformi acuminata. 

S. euphlebia, Beichb.f. in Flora, 1883, p. 16. 

A singular plant, belonging to a section of the genus 
Spiranthes in which the perianth is decurrent on the ovary ; 
a tendency to which structure may be seen mb. aphyUa 
(Plate 2797), and S.speciosa (Plate 1374), and S.orchundes 
(Plate 1036); whilst in S. grandiflora (Plate 2730) it is 
carried to as great an extent as in S. euphlebia 

This plant was received from Messrs. Shuttleworth, 
Garden, and Co., who imported it from Brazil with b. 
speciosa, and it flowered in the Royal Gardens m November 
of last year. , . , ■, • -. 

Dhxjb. Stout, erect, twelve to eighteen inches high 
Leaves all radical, five to six inches long, by one and a Halt 
to two inches broad, linear- or obovate-oblong, contracted 
into a very short broad petiole, acute, rather fleshy, glabrous, 
undulate, pale green with distant white blotches Scape 
light greenish-brown, glabrous below above pubescent; 
sheaths numerous, erect, dark brown, lower amplexicaul 
with lanceolate acuminate tips ; upper narrower semi- 
amplexicaul, lanceolate, passing into the bracts hac-me* 
two to three inches long and nearly as broad. 1 lowers > not 
numerous, but crowded, horizontal, very shortly pedicelled; 
bracts nearly as long as the perianth-tube, lanceolate, erect, 

MAY 1st, 1883. 

dark brown. Perianth pubescent externally, white with 
red-brown veins on the free portions of the sepals and petals. 
Sepals united into a tube half an inch long, with a gibbosity 
at the base on the anterior face ; free portions spreading, 
lanceolate, finely acuminate. Petals inserted at the mouth 
of the calycine tube, semi-lanceolate, acuminate, erect; 
forming with the posterior sepal an orate shallow erect 
hood. Lip very small, inserted at the very base of the 
calyx-tube; claw long, concealed in the tube; limb very 
small, recurved, lanceolate and contracted at the middle on 
each side, veined like the sepals and petals.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx tube, column, and lip (very inaccurately represented) ; 
3, column showing the stigma ; 4, anther ; 5 and 6, pollen masses -.—all magnified, 




f<i sS*& 




W 5 : : 

T-r- V: 

i-XvL'f/i :'/*-i-: ;K,-M .. 


; ixraduit 

Tab. 6691. 
BODGERSIA podophylla, 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. SAxiFEAGACt^:. — Tribe Saxifeagejs. 
Genus Rodgebsia, A. Gray; (Bentli. et Hool-.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 635.) 

Rovgvksia podopttt/Ua ; rhizomatecrasso, caule simplici, foliis radicalibus maximis 
longe petiolatis palmatim v.pedatim 5-foliolatis, foliolia cuneato-vel deltoideo- 
obovatis acuminatis integris v. 3-fidis argute serratis, stipulis membranaceis 
petiolo adnata, foliis caulinis brevius petiolatis 3-5-sectis, panicula ampin 
nuda ramosa, floribus parvis luteo-albis in cymas scorpioideas puberulas 

B. podopbylla, A. Gray in Mem. Amer. Acad. Ser. 2, vol. vi. p. 389 ; Miguel 
Prolus, Fl. Jap. p. 2G0; Hegel Gartenfl. vol. xx.p. 355. t. 708 (B. japonic*); 
branch, et Sav. Fl. Jap. vol. i. p. 144. So Mokou, vol. viii. t. 27. 

Though so dissimilar in habit, Bodgersia is nearly allied 
to Saxifraga, being placed between that genus and Astilbe, 
from which latter it differs chiefly in the connate carpels 
and the scorpioid inflorescence. On the other hand, in the 
stout rhizome and large radical leaves it recalls the noble 
Saxifraga peltata (Plate 6074) of California. The specimen 
here figured is a small one; for the leaves attain upwards 
of a foot and a half in diameter, and the individual segments 
ten inches in length and eight in breadth; whilst the panicle 
in dried specimens preserved in the Herbarium at Kew are 
ten inches long and broad; under cultivation, no doubt, 
larger dimensions will be attained. 

The genus Bodgersia was named after Commodore 
Rodgers, of the United States Navy, the Commander of 
a squadron that explored the shores of Japan. In the 
words of the author of the genus, the latter is dedicated to 
him " in acknowledgment of the enlightened and generous 
interest which he took in the naturalists of his squadron, 
and of his constant care to facilitate their explorations. 
And the name is more appropriately conferred upon the 
present very striking plant, since Captain Rodgers was 
himself one of its discoverers." 

may 1st, 1883. 

B. podophylla, the only known species of the genus, 
inhabits open subalpine mossy woods in Japan, at Yesso, 
Hakodadi, and on Fudsi-Yama, flowering in June. It was 
introduced into the Imperial Botanical Garden of St. 
Petersburg by Dr. Maximo vicz, where it flowered in 1871. 
Our specimen is from a plant flowered by Messrs. Veitch in 
June of last year, which was raised from seed sent by their 
most successful collector, Mr. Maries. 

Desce. A herb with a stout perennial rootstock. Radical 
leaves few, long petioled, peltately five-foliolate, six to 
eighteen inches in diameter; leaflets sessile, five to ten 
inches long by three to six in breadth, cuneately obovate or 
almost deltoid to beyond the middle, then trifid, with acu- 
minate lobes or suddenly contracted and acute, the lateral 
sometimes irregularly lobulate, margin coarsely serrate, 
rather membranous, rugose from the numerous venules, 
glabrous above, glabrous or pubescent on the nerves be- 
neath ; petiole six to twelve inches long, stout, with a few 
paleaceous hairs at the summit ; stipules adnate to the base 
of the petiole ; cauline leaves few, smaller, shorter-petioled, 
three to five foliolate. Flowering stems, two to three feet 
high, bearing a terminal much-branched matted panicle six 
to twelve inches high and broad, of scorpioid pubescent 
cymes. Flowers one-third of an inch in diameter, shortly 
pedicelled, yellowish white. Calyx-tube very short, lobes 
spreading, ovate, acute. Petals none. Stamens twice as 
long as the calyx ; anthers very small. Ovary depressed, 
globose, with two suberect styles. Capsules very small. — 

Fig. 1, Flow«r; 2, vertical section of ditto; 3 and 4, stamens; 5, top of style 
and stigma; 6, transverse section of ovary.— all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks Da 


Tab. 6692. 
bomarea patacocensis. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide.e. — Tribe Alstbcemeeie-E. 
Genus Bomabea, Mirb. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 736.) 

Bomabea patacocensis ; caule tereti bracteis pedicellisque pubescentibus, foliis 
lanceolatis acuminatis superne glabris subtus puberulis, petiolo brevi torto, 
bracteis lineari-oblongis obtusis v. acutis pediceliis brevioribus, floribus nume- 
rosissimis subumbellatis confertissimis, pediceliis gracilibus 2-2^ pollicaribus, 
floribus 2£ -pollicaribus coccineis, periantbii regularis segmentis exterioribus 
lineari-oblongis obtusis, exterioribus longioribus spathulatis. 

B. patacocensis, Herbert, Amaryllid. p. 120, t. 14 ; Kunth. Enum. PL vol. v. 
p. 814. 

B. conferta, Benth. Plant. Sartweg. p. 259; Walp. Ann. vol. i. p. 837; Masters 
in Gard. Chron, 1881, p. 330, and 1882, p. 186, f. 31. 

This noble plant was discovered by the late Colonel Hall 
in Ecuador at a place called Patacocha, alt. 6000 feet, 
which I do not find on any map accessible to me ; and was 
described by the late Dean Herbert in his classical work on 
the Amaryllidea3, published in 1837. It was subsequently 
collected by Hartweg in the Western flanks of Pichincha, 
and published by Bentham, who could not have seen Hall's 
specimen, as B. conferta. It is probably a common plant 
in the Quitenian Andes, for Jameson, in his Herbarium of 
Ecuador plants, states that it grows in various wooded 
localities of the temperate region of the Andes, at an eleva- 
tion of 8000 feet. From B. pardina, Herb., with which 
Bentham compares it, it differs in the much narrower 
leaves, longer pedicels, and larger bracts. The plant 
alluded to by Baker in the " London Journal of Botany " 
(1882, p. 205), under B. conferta, from the Andes of Quito, 
collected by M. Andre, and which has orange-coloured 
outer perianth segments and yellow inner ones spotted with 
dark violet, can hardly be this species. 

B. patacocensis flowered in the Royal Gardens in October 

jcne 1st, 1883. 

of last year, in the cool end of the Succulent House, from 
a plant presented by Messrs. Shuttleworth, Carder, and Co. 
Descr. A tall climber. Stem, purplish-brown, rather 
stout, pubescent. Leaves four to six inches long, lanceolate, 
acuminate, dark green, glabrous above, pubescent beneath ; 
petiole very short, flattened, twisted. Flowers very shortly 
racemose on a terminal rachis, very numerous and densely 
clustered, pendulous, scarlet, except the green ovaries. 
Bracts many or few, whorled, two to three inches long, 
linear-oblong, acute or obtuse, pubescent on both surfaces. 
Pedicels two to two and a half inches long, very slender, 
pubescent. Perianth as long as the pedicels, very narrowly 
campanulate ; outer segments linear-oblong, obtuse, with a 
brown spot below the tip on the back ; inner one-third 
longer than the outer, elongate-spathulate, obtuse or sub- 
acute. Stamens as long as the perianth ; anthers blue. 
Ovary turbinate, five-grooved. Style straight, stigma 
simple. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1 and 2, Anthers ; 3, ovary ; 4, stigma :— all enlarged. 



I Reeve &. C°landan 

Tab. 6693. 
ANGR^ECUM modestit. 

Native of Madagascar. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^;. — Tribe Vandeje. 
Genus Ange^cum, Thou.; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 583.) 

Ange^cum modestum; caule brevi, foliis 4-5-pollicaribus elliptico- v. lineari- 
oblongis subacutis, racemo pendulo 6-10-pollicari, pedunculo 3-6-pollicari 
modice robusto vaginis brevibus crebris appressis cum raehi pedicellisque polli- 
caribus pallide brunneis, bracteis brevissimis, floribus candidis l-lj-poll. diam., 
sepalis petalisque consimilibus patenti-recurvis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, 
labello petalis paullo longiore efc latiore recurvo, calcare gracillimo pedicello 
duplo longiore, columna brevi obscure pilosa, polliniarum stipite solitario 
gracili glandula squamifbrmi 2-loba. 

The nearest ally of this is no doubt the A. apiculatum 
(Plate 4159) of Sierra Leone, which differs in the acuminate 
petals and sepals tipped with pink, the green rachis and 
peduncle of the raceme, and the clavate stipes of the pollen- 
masses ; there is also a tendency in the leaves of A. apicu- 
latum to become two-lobed, of which I see no traces in this. 
A. bilobum, Lindl. (Bot. Reg. vol. xxvii. t. 35), is another 
closely allied plant, a native of Cape Coast Castle, in 
Western Tropical Africa ; it differs in the strongly veined 
two-lobed leaves, and acuminate sepals and petals; it is 
possibly the same as A. apiculatum. In the hairy column, 
a character probably overlooked in other species, it resembles 
A. descendens, Reichb. f. (in Gard. Chron. 1882, p. 558). 

Angroecum modestum is a native of Madagascar, and the 
plant here figured was presented to the Royal Gardens by 
the Dowager Lady Ashburton ; it flowered in April of the 
present year. 

Descr. Stem very short. Leaves distichous, three to six 
inches long by one to one and a half inches broad, elliptic- 
or linear-oblong, acute, tip entire, pale bright-green, 
coriaceous, nerveless. Raceme pendulous, longer than the 
leaves, many-flowered ; peduncle three to six inches long, 

June 1st, 1883. 

rather stout, clothed with numerous very short appressed 
sheaths, pale brown, as are the rachis and pedicels ; rachis 
subangularly flexuous ; bracts very small, broad, appressed," 
brown; pedicels slender, one inch long. Flowers pure 
white, one to one and a half inches in diameter. Sepals 
and petals oblong-lanceolate, acute, spreading and recurved, 
the petals rather the broadest ; lip rather larger than the 
petals, also oblong-lanceolate, acute, recurved ; spur very 
slender, straight, about twice as long as the pedicel. 
Column very small, slightly hairy ; anther conical, obtuse; 
pedicel of the pollen-masses single, slender, with a large 
bibbed gland.—/. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Side and, 2, front view of column ; 3, anther ; 4, pollen : — all enlarged. 




-LEeeve &. C? London. 

Tar. 6694. 
GERRARDANTHUS tomentosus. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Cucukbitace^:. — Tribe Zanonie^;. 

Genus Gebbabdanthus, Harv.; {Cogniauxin A. DC. Monogr. Phan. 
vol. iii. p. 935.) 

Gebbabdanthus tomentosus; ramulis foliisque novellis subtus et petiolis dense 
tomentosis denum glabratis v. pubeseentibus, foliia atnbitu reniformibus sinu 
basilan profundo 5-7-lobis, lobis brevibus triangularibus acutis, fl. $ petalis 
ovato-oblongis obtusis marginibus late reflexis, connectivo in calcar elon^atum 
producto, fl. $ ovario tubuloso-campanulato 10-costato, staminodiis setiformibuH, 
stylo brevissimo conico, stigmatibus sessilibus reniformibus, fructu campanulato 
10-costato ore trilobo. 

The singular plant here figured belongs to a very little 
known genus of tropical and southern subtropical African 
plants, of which the first described species was named after 
its discoverer, Gerrard, a collector in Natal, who perished 
in Madagascar. G. tomentosus differs a good deal from 
the generic character, but hardly sufficiently to form a new 
genus for its reception. Of the three described species in 
Cogniaux's monograph quoted above, none have the spurred 
anthers of this, and in the only one of them of which the 
female flower is known, this has three distinct styles and 
no staminodes. The ovules, too, which in the previously 
known species are pendulous from parietal placentas, in 
this are suspended from the top of the cells of the ovary ; 
the seeds are, however, quite characteristic of Gerrard- 

One of the most curious features of this genus is the 
enormous size of its tuberous roots. Mr. Wood, now 
superintendent of the Natal Botanical Gardens, and who 
sent seeds of this plant to Kew with copious herbarium 
specimens, informs me that he first found it in 1874, in one 
stony ravine only (in Inanda), where the tubers were 
seated on the top of and between large stones. Of these 
tubers one measured six feet in circumference, and was 

June 1st, 1883. 

nearly two feet thick ; its surface was scarred ; and from the 
centre arose a stem not more than three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter, thickly covered with small round tuber- 
cles, which ascended without a leaf to the tops of trees 
fifty feet high. On turning over one of the tubers, it was 
found to have but one fibrous root, about half an inch 
thick. Mr. Wood adds that the natives do not appear to 
put the plant to any use. 

The specimen here figured was raised from seeds sent by 
Mr. Wood in 1879, and it flowered for the first time in 
August, 1881. 

Desck. Stem very tall, climbing, from a large tuberous 
root; branches clothed with spreading hairs ; young parts 
and leaves beneath densely tomentose. Leaves three to 
four inches in diameter, reniform in outline, angularly five- 
to seven-lobed, strongly nerved beneath, dull green; lobes 
short, triangular, acute ; basal sinus deep, rounded, with 
connivent sides ; petiole one and a half to two and a half 
inches long. Male floivers in short racemes, bracts small. 
Calyx-lobes short, rounded, pubescent. Corolla rotate, one- 
half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; lobes ovate- 
oblong, obtuse, dull yellow, margins strongly and broadly 
recurved. Stamens five, one imperfect, the others conni- 
vent in pairs ; filaments incurved ; anthers oblong, one- 
celled, with the connective produced into a spur longer 
than the cell. Female flowers solitary or binate, axillary, 
pubescent, shortly peduncled. Calyx and petals as in the 
male. Ovary three-quarters of an inch long, narrowly 
campanulate, three-celled, pubescent, ten- ribbed ; style 
short, conical; stigmas three, shortly reniform, with the 
sinus uppermost ; ovules few, pendulous from the summit 
of the cells. Fruit three inches long, between campanulate 
and clavate, ten-ribbed, coriaceous, dry, mouth broadly 
three-lobed above the ribs. Seeds one and a half inches 
long; nucleus oblong, compressed, margined, ending iu a 
broad membranous wing. — J. D. R. 

Fig. 1, Male flower ; 2, stamen (both from dried specimens) ; 3, petal of female 
flower ; 4, ovary, style, and stigma ; 5, vertical section of ovary ; 6, fruit, and 7, 
seed (both from dried specimens) : — all but Jig. 6 enlarged. 



mcut Brooks Daj&Soa J 

L Reeve & C? London. 

Tab. 6695. 
CLERODEKDRON macrosiphon. 

Native of Zanzibar. 

Nat. Ord. Vebbenace.e.— Tribe Vitice.e. 
Genus Clebodendbon, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1155.) 

Clebodendbon (Cjclonema) macrosiphon; ramis gracilibua foliisque puberulis, 
loins peholatis oblanceolatis v. elliptico-lanceolatis grosse intequaliter dentatis 
m petiolum longe angustatis, floribus in cymam brevissimam terminalem 
subsessilem confertis, pedicellis brevissiinis, calyce parvo dentibus ovatis acutis 
corolla alba tubo 3-4-pollicari gracillimo piloso, limbi 1-poll. lati unilateral 
lobis secundis ovato-oblongis subacutis, filamentis 2-pollicaribus antberisque 
parvis purpureis. 

A very elegant shrub, one of the many discoveries of Sir 
John Kirk, who sent living plants of it to Kew in 1881, 
which flowered in May of the following year in the stove. 
The corolla, which is pale green in bud, becomes when 
expanded snowy white, relieved by the long purple threads 
of the filaments. Most of the species which possess a 
corolla-tube approaching this in length, belong to the 
section of the genus with a more regular limb of the corolla, 
as, for example, G. hastatum, Wall., of India (Plate 3398), 
of which the corolla-tube is even longer. There is, how- 
ever, described in the botanical part of "Peter's Reise nach 
Mossambique " (p. 259) a G. incisum, Klotzsch, from the 
oana river in East Africa, which approaches C. macrosiphon 
very closely, differing, according to the description, chiefly 
in the glabrous calyx and corolla. This latter has a 
similar corolla, and it is probable that the species in which 
the lobes all point one way should form a distinct section 
of the genus. Only one other species with this structure 
has been previously figured in this Magazine, namely, C. 
macrophyllum, Sims (Plate 2536). 

oir John Kirk found C. macrosiphon on the coast oppo- 
site Zanzibar Island, in very rocky places, where it formed 
a small slender shrub. 

Jtws 1st, 1883. 

Desor. A very slender erect shrub; branches and leaves 
finely pubescent. Leaves two to three inches long, by 
three-quarters to one and a quarter inches broad, oblanceo- 
late or elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, coarsely and deeply 
irregularly toothed or almost lobulate along the margins, 
base gradually narrowed into a petiole. Flowers forming 
a small subsessile terminal reduced cyme, pedicels about 
one-tenth of an inch long. Calyx campanulate, pubescent, 
one-fourth of an inch long, tube cylindric, teeth trian- 
gular acute erect. Corolla pure white, tube four to four 
and a half inches long by one-tenth of an inch in diameter, 
hairy, erect, slightly curved, hardly dilated at the very 
short throat ; limb completely one-sided, one to one and a 
half inches in diameter, five-lobed to the middle ; lobes 
oblong, subacute, converging. Stamens inserted on the 
throat of the corolla, the four anterior declinate, the pos- 
terior erect ; filaments two to two and a half inches long, 
very slender, red-purple, as are the very small oblong 
anthers. Ovary' very small, four-lobed ; style very long, 
filiform, exserted portion as long as the stamens ; stigmas 
two, small, filiform, recurved. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx; 2 and 3, anthers; 4, stigmas; 5, transverse section of ovary : — 
all enlarged. 



Vinceiii Brooks Day &SonJmP- 

1 Reeve & C 

Tab. 6696. 


Native of Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. RubiacEjE. — Tribe Psychotbieje. 
Genus Ceph^lis, Swartz; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 127.) 

Cephjelis (Bracteocardise) tomentosa ; hirsuta, foliis breviter petiolatis elliptic^ 
v. elliptico-lanceolatis utrinque acuminatis, nervis numerosis, stipulis utrinqne 
2-nis elongato-lanceolatis erectis, capitulis longe pedunculatis, pedunculis 
axillaribus v. terminalibus 1-cephalis, involucri bracteis 2 magnis late ovatis 
subacutis v. cordato-renit'ormibus coccineis birsutis, bracteolis spatbulatis v. 
oblongis hirsutis, calycis lobis brevibus, corolla tubulosa flava limbo brevissimo 
5-dentato, dentibus trian^ularibus patulis, antheris linearibus subsessilibus 

C. tomentosa, Willd. Sp. PI. vol. i. p. 977 ; Vahl Eclog. vol. i. p. 19 ; DC. 
-Prodr. vol. iv. p. 533. 

Callicocca tomentosa, Gmel. Syst. vol. i. p. 371. 

Tafogomea tomentosa, Aubl. Guian. vol. i. p. 160, t. 61. 

A very singular plant, congeneric with that yielding the 
medicinal Ipecacuanha, but of very different appearance, a 
native of tropical America, whence it extends from Mexico 
to Guiana on the east, and Peru on the west side of the 
Andes ; also found in Trinidad, but in no other of the 
West Indian Islands. It belongs to a small group of the 
genus (which is reduced to Pxychotria by many authors), 
to which the sectional name of Tapogomea has been applied 
by Mueller Argan in Martins' Flora of Brazil (Fasc. lxxxiv.), 
distinguished chiefly by the bracts ; it includes five species 
so strikingly alike that they may prove to be varieties of 
one ; of these two have the calyx-lobes much longer than 
its tube, whilst in the other two the calyx-lobes are no 
longer than the tube. C. tomentosa is one of the last 
group, but differs from Mueller's description in having 
tufts of hairs in the corolla-tube. 

C. tomentosa was introduced into cultivation by Messrs. 
Veitch, who imported it from British Guiana, and sent the 
JtiNE 1st, 1883. 

specimen here figured to Kew to be named in September, 

Desce. A shrub, hirsute throughout, with long soft hairs, 
especially in the branches and peduncle. Leaves six to ten 
by two to four inches long, rather membranous, elliptic or 
elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at both ends; nerves very 
numerous, eight to sixteen pairs, slender, arching; petiole 
one-half to one and a half inches long, stout ; stipules 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch long, in pairs on each 
side of the stem, narrowly subulate-lanceolate, erect. Pe- 
duncle solitary, axillary or terminal, one to four inches long, 
stout, erect. Bracts two, opposite, spreading, one to one 
and a half inches long, one to two inches broad, broadly 
ovate or subreniform or orbicular-ovate, acute or acuminate, 
scarlet, rugose, hirsute ; bracteoles irregular, short, hairy, 
spathulate. Flowers densely crowded, three-fourths of an 
inch long. Calyx-lobes short. Corolla twice as long as 
the calyx-lobes, tubular, yellow, pubescent ; lobes five, very 
small, triangular-ovate, spreading ; tube with tufts of hairs 
within about the middle. Anthers linear, subsessile near 
the mouth of the corolla, peltately attached. Ovary small, 
two-celled ; style slender ; stigmas short, linear. Drupe 
blue.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Head cut vertically, of the natural size; 2, bracteole ; 3, bracteoles and 
flower; 4, vertical section of flower (inaccurate as to lower part) ; 5, tuft of hairs 
of interior of corolla-tube ; 6, anthers ; 7, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 



Went I 

L Reeve & Clondon- 

Tab. 6697. 

Native of Persia. 

Nat. Ord. Sapindace.e. — Tribe Aceeineje. 
Genus Acee, Linn. ; (Benth. et EooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. L p. 409.) 

Acee insigne; ramulis validis gkberrimis, alabastri squamis magms hneari- 
oblongis rubris, foliis grncilepetiolatis ambitu reniformi-rotundatis ad medium 
palmato-5-lobis subtus glaucis, lobis oblongis v. oblongo-lanceolatis grosae 
obtuse serratis, floribuB in panieulas terminates pyramidatas dispositis, petalis 
linearibus sepala ovata vix superantibus, filamentis glabernmis, ovano 
pubescente, samaris glabris v. pilosiusculis alis subdivergentibus. 

A. insigne, Boiss. et Buhse, Aufz. p. 46 ; Baits. Fl. Orient, vol. i. p. 947 ; 
G. Nicholson in Gard. Chron. 1881, vol. ii. p. 75. 

A. velutinump, Van Volxem in Gard. Chron. 1882, vol. i. p. 744, 

The subject of this plate has been much discussed 
amongst botanists and arboriculturists, but its name and 
place have, I think, been definitely settled by Mr. G. 
Nicholson (of this establishment), who communicated to 
the " Gardener's Chronicle" a very valuable account of the 
cultivated Maples, including this species. The specimens 
were communicated by M. J. Van Volxem from his fine 
establishment in Belgium, and though still young it pro- 
claims itself to be one of the handsomest species of the 
genus in cultivation, being conspicuous in late spring for 
the size and beautiful colour of the bud-scales, and tender 
green of its pale foliage. M. Van Volxem says of it, that 
it is the hardiest of the eighty species and varieties of 
Maples cultivated by him, having withstood the disastrous 
winters of 1879-80 and 1880-1; and being a late and 
cautious grower, it had never even been nipped by the late 
frosts. Our Kew experience of the plant accords with 
M. Van Volxem's, but Dr. Masters, whose garden is at a 
considerably higher level than Kew (Ealing), says that this 
is not his experience. At this date (May 18th) of this 
very exceptionally late spring, the buds are not even 

june 1st, 1883. 

swollen, and will probably not burst for some weeks yet, 
whilst most of the other Maples are in young leaf. 
According to M. Van Volxem, the earliest notice of this 
plant under cultivation is in Vilmorin's Catalogue of 1867, 
where it is said to be a native of Pontus, at an elevation of 
1500 metres; M. Yan Volxem's own plants were raised 
from seed collected by Balansa, he believes, in Lazistan. 
Boissier gives the mountains of North Persia (provinces of 
Talysch, Ghilan, and Asterabad) as the habitat of A. 
insigne ; and woods of Ghilan in South Persia as that of 
the var. velutina (under which name this has been culti- 

I am indebted to Dr. Masters for the specimen figured, 
which flowered in his garden on May 23rd, 1882, before the 
plants did at Kew in the same year, and which were also 
received from M. Van Volxem. 

Desce. A tree. Branchlets rather stout, terete, dark 
brown; buds ovoid, stout. Leaves five to six inches in 
diameter rounded-reniform in outline, palmately divided to 
the middle into five to seven oblong acute coarsely obtusely 
serrated lobes, glabrous above, beneath more or less 
tomentose. Flowers one-fourth of an inch in diameter, 
green, m terminal pyramidal panicles three to four inches 
ong, appearing with the leaves, polygamous, the males with 
long slender exserted stamens, the hermaphrodite with very 
short stamens Sepals ovate, obtuse. Petals hardly longer 
than the sepals, small, linear. Filaments quite glabrous ; 
anthers small. Ovary hairy.—/. D. H. 

5 ,lliry' ^tounTfni' ^V*™ ^ ^rtically ; 3, female flower ; 4, stamens 
. ovary , b, } oung fruit ; 7, diagram of floral organs -.-all enlarged. 


J-NRtch Htii. 

lucent 3xu 

lReev«&C° Lender. 

Tab. 6698. 

GREVILLEA punioea, Br. 

Native of New South Wales. 

Nat. Ord. Pboteace.cE. — Tribe Gbeville2E. 
Genus Geevillea, Br.; (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 180.) 

Gbevillea (Lissostylis) punicea ; ramulis gracilibus foliisque subtus et inflorescentia 
sericeis, f'oliis subsessilibus elliptico-lanceolatis acutis v. obtusis et apiculatis 
costa subtus prorninula, floribus ad apicem pedunculi cernuis suburabellatim 
capitatis, pedicellis brevibus, periantbii coccinei tubo angusto sulcato intus 
tomentoso, limbi lobis tubo brevioribus lineari-oblongis revolutis, toro recto, 
ovario glaberrimo gracili stipitato, stylo elongato puberulo, stigmate discoideo. 

G. punioea, Br. in Trans. Linn. Son. vol. x. p. 169, et Prodr. Fl. Noi\ lloll. p. 376; 
Meissn. in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 354 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 468 ; 
Bot. Beg. t. 1319 ; Lodd, Bot. Cab. t. 1357 ; Beickb. Icon. Exot. t. 105. 

Lysanthe speciosa, Knight, Prof. p. 118. 

As is the case with so many beautiful Australian plants, 
this, which was introduced so long ago as 1825, has long 
since been out of cultivation, having shared the fate of the 
"hard-wooded" class of greenhouse and conservatory 
shrubs which require a rather special treatment. It is a 
native of Port Jackson itself, and extends thence westwards 
to the Blue Mountains. Its nearest ally is 0. sericea, Br., 
to which G. dubia, Br. (Plate 3798), is referred, and it may 
prove to be only a brilliantly coloured variety of that plant 
with larger flowers and longer styles, the geographical 
area inhabited by them being the same. 

The seeds from which the specimens here figured were 
raised were received by Dr. Schomburgk, of the Adelaide 
Botanical Garden, in 1880, and the plant flowered in March 
of this year in the Temperate House of the Royal Gardens. 

Descr. A shrub ; branches slender, together with the 
leaves beneath and inflorescence clothed with a fine silky 
pubescence of appressed hairs attached by the middle. 
Leaves alternate, one to two and a half inches long, by one- 
third to two-thirds of an inch broad, oblong or elhptic- 

jcly 1st, 1883. 

lanceolate, rarely oblanceolate, obtuse or subacute, with 
usually an apiculus, smooth and shining above, midrib 
strong beneath, nerves very obscure, when dry rusty brown 
beneath with recurved margins ; petiole very short. Pe- 
duncles terminal, slender, one-fourth to one-half of an inch 
long, curved, bearing a much shortened umbelliform raceme 
of brilliant scarlet flowers ; pedicels one-sixth to one-fourth 
of an inch long. Perianth tubular, tube one-half of an inch 
long, grooved, villous within; lobes half the length of the 
tube, oblong, obtuse, revolute, glabrous within. Anthers 
small, sessile. Dish small, annular. Ovary slender, stipi- 
tate ; style very stout, two to three times as long as the 
perianth tube, slightly curved, scarlet; stigma oblique, 
discoid. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, portion of perianth seen from within ; 3, apox of lobe of ditto 
with anther ; 4, pistil ; 5, hair :— all enlarged. 



^nceaLBrooMDay< ; . 

Tab. 6699. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Cabyophylle^:. — Tribe Silene.e. 
Genus Gypsophila, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 146.) 

Gypsophila (Heterochroa); perennis, tota cano-tomentosa, rhizomate 
lignoso, ramis diffusis prostratis et ascendentibus foliosis, foliis obovatis 
spathulatisque obtusis in petiolum angustatis utrinque pubescentibus enerviis, 
cymis subcapitatis sessilibus v. breviter pedunculatis foliaceo-bracteatis, rarius 
nudis evolutis et coiymboso-paniculatis, calj'cis semiquinquefidi lobis oblongis 
subacutis ciliatis, petalis calyce duplo longioribus obcordato-spathulatis 3-nerviis, 
stylis 2-3, seminibus latis atris tuberculatis. 

G. cerastioides, Bon Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 213 ; Hoolc.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 217. 

Acosmia rupestris, Benth. in Wall. Cat. n. 644; Cambess. inJacquem. Voy.Bot. 
p. 26, t. 28. 

TiM-asosiA rupestris, Klotzsch in Bot. Reis. Pr. Waldem. p. 138, t. 33. 

This belongs to a small section of the large genus Gypso- 
jphila, established by Bunge for the reception of a few 
Asiatic species, characterized chiefly by the hairyness, the 
leafy cymes, and campanulate five-fid calyx, and which he 
regarded as of generic value. Other characters attributed 
to Heterochroa by its author are either variable or inconstant 
as to their presence, as a slight irregularity of the corolla, 
polygamous inflorescence, a scarious calyx, and the coloured 
petals which suggested the name. 

G. cerastioides is a very common Himalayan plant, 
extending from Kashmir to Sikkim, at elevations between 
6000 and 12,000 feet. The flowers vary a good deal in 
size, and in colour from white to lilac, always with three 
red or purplish veins. The specimen figured was from the 
Joad collection, which flowered at Kew in May of last year. 
There are also plants at Kew raised from seeds sent from 
the Royal Botanical Garden, Calcutta, by Dr. King, col- 
lected in Sikkim. The plant is a very free flowerer, and 
well adapted for the rock garden. 

July 1st, 1883. 

Desce. A low densely pubescent herb, clothed with 
spreading soft hairs. Eootstoclc short, woody, with a 
fusiform woody root. Branches numerous from the crown 
of the rootstock, three to eight inches long, decumbent at 
the base, then prostrate or suberect, leafy, simple or 
dichotomously branched. Leaves pubescent on both sur- 
faces, radical long-petioled, one to one and a half inches 
long, spathulate or oblanceolate ; cauline one-third to two- 
thirds of an inch long, obovate or spathulate, obtuse or 
rounded at the apex, narrowed into a short petiole, nerves 
very obscure. Cymes terminal, usually sessile between the 
uppermost pair of leaves, rarely peduncled and evolute, 
becoming panicled or corymbose; pedicels usually very 
short, longer in the evolute cymes. Flowers erect, one-third 
to nearly two-thirds of an inch in diameter. Cahjx cam- 
panulate, five-cleft to the middle ; lobes oblong ovate, 
subacute, ciliate. Petals twice as long as the calyx, obovate- 
spathulate, white or lilac with three pink veins. Stamens 
shorter than the calyx ; anthers small. Styles two in our 
specimens (three are figured by Klotzsch). Capsule oblong, 
rather longer than the calyx. Seeds broad, flat, black.— 

Fig. 1, Caljx and stamens ; 2, and 3, stamens ; 4, pistil :— all enlarged. 




L Reeve &. C° L 

Tab. 6700. 
TOEENIA flava. 

Native of Cochin China and India. 

Nat. Ord. Sceophulaeine^;. — Tribe Gratiolej:. 
Genus Toeenia, Linn,; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 954.) 

Toeenia flava ; caulibus suberectis v. prostratis elongatis glabris nodis inferioribus 
radicantibus, foliis petiolatis ovatis grosse crenatis glabris y. parce puberulis, 
floribus axillaribus solitariis et in racemos terminales dispositis, pedicellis calyce 
brevioribus, calyce oblongo plicato angulis non alatis, corolla? tubo exserto 
superne et intus purpureo limbi aurei lobis rotundatis, filamentis longioribus 
basi unidentatis. 

T. flava, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 3957, A, B ; Benth. Scroph. Ind. p. 38, et in DC 
Prodr. vol. x. p. 411. 

T. Bailloni, Godefroy in III. Horticole, vol. xxv. (1878), t. 324; E. Morren in 
Belgique Horticole, vol. xxix. (1879), pp. 22 et 29, 1. 1, f. 2 ; Floral Magazine, 
1878, t. 331. 

Peeisteiea racemosa, Griff. Notul. vol. iv. p. 120. 

The species of the beautiful genus Torenia are very 
difficult of discrimination, being variable in habit and in 
the size of the flower. In the first published plate of this 
plant (in the " Illustration Horticole "), it is represented as 
suberect, with the flowers all towards the ends of the 
branches, and hence, through the reduction of the floral 
leaves, subracemose ; thus precisely according in habit and 
inflorescence with native specimens from India and Eastern 
Asia. In the " Belgique Horticole " there is a good figure 
of it (vol. xxix. t. 1), which represents the plant as erect, 
but with axillary flowers; and, lastly, in the " Eevue 
Horticole " (1879, p. 69) an excellent wood-cut represents 
it as with pendent branches and solitary axillary flowers, 
which accords with the habit of the plant as grown at Kew. 

T. flava was discovered in Assam by Buchanan Hamilton 
three-quarters of a century ago, and has since been found 
to extend southward to Tenesserim, and eastward to Siam 
and China. It was introduced into cultivation by M. Linden, 

jult 1st, 1883. 

who received the seeds from M. Godefroy in Cochin China 
in 1876, and it is now a common stove plant, flowering in 
summer and autumn. 

Descr. Branched from the base, glabrous or sparsely 
hairy. Stems and branches erect, from a decumbent rooting 
base, or prostrate, or pendulous, acutely four-angled, one 
to one and a half inches long. Leaves one to nearly two 
inches long, petioled, ovate or oblong, acute or obtuse, 
coarsely crenate; petiole half as long as the blade or shorter. 
Flowers axillary and solitary, or subracemose at the ends of 
the branches, in distant pairs on an erect rachis with small 
bracts or floral leaves; pedicels usually shorter than the 
calyx, thickened in fruit. Calyx one-half to three-fourths 
of an inch long, narrowly oblong, tube with five deep 
furrows and acute ribs or keels; lobes short, subulate. 
Corolla variable in length, tube sometimes twice as long as 
the calyx, rather broad, red-purple above, dirty yellow 
beneath ; limb one inch in diameter and less, bright golden 
yellow, with a purple eye. Longer filaments with a tooth 
at the base. — J. B. E. 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2, ovary and disk -.—both enlarged. 


Brooks Da;; i 


Tab. 6701. 

ERANTHBMUM bokneense. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e.— Tribe Justicie^e. 
Genus Eeanthemum, Linn.; (BentL et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1097.) 

Ebanthemttm borneense; ramulis glabris, foliis breviter crasse petiolatis ovato- 
oblongis acuminata basi acutis v. rotuudatis coriaceis costa crassa nervis 
ntnnque 8-10, spica simplici densiflora, rachi stricta et calycibus puberulis, 
Uoribus albis non secundis confertis, calyce £ poll, longo segmentis subulatis, 
corollsB tubopolhcan pubescente fauce non ampliata, limbi vixbilabiati lj-poll. 
diam., lacmus elliptico-oblongis obtusis inferiore majore, antheris purpureis, 
stamimbus abortivis ad basin fertilium minutis, ovario glaberrimo. 

This belongs to a genus whose species are very difficult 
of discrimination, and whose Indian ones have lately been 
carefully revised by Mr. C. B. Clarke for the " Flora of 
British India." Of these several have been figured under 
false names in this Magazine. Thus Plate 5957 represents, 
under the name of E. palatiferum, Nees (according to Mr. 
Clarke), two species, neither of them the true palatif&rwn 
of Nees, the right-hand one being E. cinnabarinum, Wall, 
and the left-hand one E. rnalaccense, Clarke. I quite 
concur in Mr. Clarke's opinion as to neither of the plants 
figured on this Plate being the true palatiferum, but find it 
difficult to believe that they are specifically distinct from 
one another. Another is E. cremdatum var. grandiflorwm 
(Plate 5440), which is the E. Parishii, Clarke (Asystasia 
Parishii, T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. ix. p. 526). 
j rom the two first of these E. borneense differs in the form 
or the strict stout spike, the flowers of which are not secund, 
and from E. Parishii it differs in the corolla-tube not being 
funnel-shaped above. A much nearer ally is the E. Ander- 
soni, Masters (Bot. Mag. Plate 5771), which has a glabrous 
corolla tube, and a spotted lower lobe of the corolla limb, 
and very long lanceolate leaves narrowed at both ends. 
Eranthemum borneense was discovered in N.W. Borneo 

July 1st, 1883. 

by Mr. Curtis, when collecting for Messrs. Veitch, by whom 
the plant was sent to Kew in May of last year. 

Descr. A nearly glabrous shrub ; branches terete, smooth, 
green. Leaves four to six inches long, very shortly petioled, 
ovate-oblong, acuminate, quite entire, base rounded or 
acute, glabrous, studded with raphides, thickly coriaceous, 
bright pale green above, paler beneath with a very stout 
broad midrib, nerves eight to ten pairs strong beneath 
arched. Spike four to six inches long ; peduncle and rachis 
strict, stout, erect, finely pubescent, unbranched. Flowers 
crowded all round the rachis, forming a conical inflorescence; 
bracts and bracteoles minute, subulate. Calyx one- third 
of an inch long, pubescent ; lobes subulate, acute. Corolla 
white, with a faint lemon tinge on the middle of the lower 
segments; tube an inch long, quite cylindric, pubescent, 
throat not dilated ; limb an inch and a half in diameter, 
obscurely two-lipped, quite flat, segments oblong obtuse, 
the lower largest. Fertile stamens with purple anthers; 
rudimentary stamens minute at the base of the fertile. 
Ovary glabrous. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, bracteoles, and style ; 2, interior of portion of corolla-tube with 
stamens ; 3, fertile anther ; 4, ovary and disk :— all enlarged. 




L Reeve & C° £ondan 

Tab. 6702. 
SAXIFRAGA makginata. 

Native of Southern Italy and Greece. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifkagace2e.— Tribe Saxifbage.e. 
Genus Saxifbaga, Linn. } (Berth, et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 635.) 

■ axifiuga (kabschia) marginata; g-landiiloso-pubeseens, csespitosa, caudiculis 
gnosis dense foliosis, foliis radicalibus rosulatis cuneato-obovatis obtnsis bad 
ciliatis cartilagineo-inargmatis caulinis linearibus erectis, caule flnrifero erecto, 
Won bus corymbosis, calycis nigro-glandalosi lobis oblcn^o-ovatis obtnsis, petalis 
amplia obovatis 5-7-nerviis staminibus triplo longioribus, capsula late ovoidea. 

S. marginata, M Sagi/r. Suppl. vol. i. t. 1, f. 1 : Moretti Tent. Saxifr. 35; 
Bertolom Ft. Ital. vol. iv. p. 460; Ten. Fl. Nap. t. 234; Enahr Jfonog. 
Gatt. Saxifr. p. 262. * J 

S. cotyledon, Ten. Cat. Ilort. Neap. App. vol. ii. p. 86. 

S. Boryi, Boiss. Diagn. Ser. 2, p. 65; Fi. Orient, vol. ii. p. 801. 

_ Saaeifraga marginata belongs to a section of the genus as 
divided by Engler in his valuable monograph published in 
1872, called Kabschia, in which the leaves are pitted and 
secrete^ lime along the margins and at the tip, and have 
perennial shoots with alternate leaves. About eighteen 
species belong to this section, most of them natives of dry 
calcareous mountains in the south of Europe, and the 
Levant, from whence they spread eastwards to the Himalaya. 
Mr. Ball, in a note attached to the specimen in the Kew 
Herbarium, remarks that its nearest ally is 8, scardica, 
Griseb., with which it should perhaps be united, and that 
it differs from its other ally, 8. media, in the inflorescence 
and large white flowers, which latter are erroneously 
coloured red (possibly through the discoloration of the 
pigments) in Sternberg's great work. 8. scardica (a native 
of Greece) differs, according to Engler, in having deeply 
keeled acute leaves. 

8. marginata is a native of Mount Taygetus in Greece, 
from whence, however, I have seen no specimens; those I 
have seen are from the Abrnzzi in Italy, collected by 

JULY 1st, 1883. 

Tenore, and the mountains above Amain, at an elevation of 
3500 feet. The specimen figured was presented by Mr. Maw, 
and flowered in the Royal Gardens in March last. Mr. Maw 
informs me that Mr. F. N. Reid, of Minori, is the collector 
and introducer of the plant from the mountains not far 
from Minori. 

Desob. Densely tufted ; shoots perennial, hard. Leaves, 
radical glabrous, forming rosettes one-half to one inch in 
diameter, densely coriaceous, cuneate-obovate, obtuse, not 
keeled below, ciliate at the base, margin and tip cartilagi- 
nous, and marked with a series of pits covered with a 
white calcareous incrustation. Flowering -stews two to four 
inches high, stout, glandular-pubescent, laxly clothed with 
erect appressed linear obtuse glandular-pubescent cauline 
leaves. Flowers corymbose, shortly pedicelled, one-half to 
three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; pedicels and calyces 
clothed with black glandular hairs. Calyx campanulate, 
cleft to the middle, lobes ovate acute. Petals obovate, five 
to seven-nerved, spreading and recurved, white. Stamens 
much shorter than the petals, filaments subulate. Styles 
conical, stout, erect, stigmas terminal. Capsule broadly 
ovoid.—/. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, calyx ; 3, stamen ; 4, ovary :— all enlarged. 


Tfincanl Brooks,^ &i ' 

Tab. 6703. 

CAMPANULA Jacobj-a. 

Native of the Cape de Verd Islands, 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace.ze. — Tribe Campanule.e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn.; [fientli. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 561.) 

Campanula (Medium) Jacobcea ; fruticulosa, strigoso-hirta, eaule noduloso 
lignescente cavo, ramis diffusis berbaceis foliosis, foliis oblongis v. ovato-oblongis 
obovato-spatbulatisve obtusis v. subacutis supremis ^-amplexicaulibus, calycis 
tubo brevi cyatbiformi laciniis anguste lanceolatis strigoso-ciliatis, corolla 
campanulata sequali calycis laciniis 3-plo longioi'e, filaraentis plano-filiformibus 
basi dilatatis fere glaberrimis, capsula depressa seminibus ovatis. 

C. jacobam, Chr. Sm. in Turk. Toy. p. 251 ; Webb in Hook. Niger Fl. p. 148, 
t. 12, icon in Hook. Jc. PI. t. 772, iterata. 

As coming from a comparatively low level, in a thoroughly 
tropical and indeed a very hot archipelago, Campanula 
Jacob&a forms a remarkable exception to the rule that the 
genus to which it belongs is eminently one of temperate 
and, indeed, cold latitudes. It is certainly one of the last 
vegetable forms that might be expected to occur in the 
torrid and generally arid Cape de Verd Islands, in lat. 15° N., 
and which forms geographically an insular continuation of 
the Saharan region. In this, as in other respects of its 
botany, the Cape de Verd Islands display an affinity with 
the Floras of the temperate Atlantic Islands to the north- 
ward of them (Canaries, Madeira, and Azores), which is 
totally out of harmony with their physical conditions, and 
thus affords one of the strongest proofs known of a previous 
land-connexion, whose effects on the Flora have not been 
obliterated by subsequent geographical segregation. The 
late Mr. P. B. Webb, who published the first Florale of the 
Cape de Verds, founded principally on the collections made 
by Christian Smith in 1816, by myself in 1839, and by 
Vogel in 1841, and which appeared in the " Niger Flora," 
states that nearly one-fifth of the species then known belong 
to Canarian genera or forms, only a tenth to the Arabo- 
july 1st, 1883, 

Nubian, and a twelfth to the forms of the Mediterranean 
region.. Amongst these forms common to the temperate 
Atlantic Islands the Campanulacece hold a most conspicuous 
place, as instanced by the beautiful Campanula Vidalii 
(Plate 4748) being peculiar to one spot in the Azores 
Islands; Musschia aurea (Plate 6556), and M. WoUastoni 
(Plate 5606), being both confined to Madeira ; and Canarina 
Campanula (Plate 444) being restricted to the Canary 
Islands. Nor is this continuity of vegetable affinities con- 
fined _ to the Campanulacece ; it extends to Compositce, 
Crueiferce, and other conspicuous Orders. 

Campanula Jacobcea is a rather common Cape deVerd plant, 
inhabiting S.Nicolas, Brava, S. Antonio, S. Vincent, and S. 
Jago, in which last I gathered it (in 1839) on arid rocks about 
2000 feet above the sea-level. It was introduced into 
cultivation by our valued correspondent, Max Leichtlin,who 
communicated seeds to Kew, which produced (in a cold 
frame) the flowering specimen here figured in March of this 
year. The flowers in a native state vary in colour from 
pale greenish-yellow to a deep blue ; those that were pro- 
duced at Kew were of the colour represented in the flower 
at the side of the Plate. 

Desce. An undershrub, two to three feet high ; stem 
below woody, hollow, gnarled, brittle; branches 'green, 
angular, rather soft, leafy; all parts, except the corolla, 
hispid with white spreading hairs. Leaves one and a half 
to two and a half inches long, sessile or subsessile, oblong 
ovate or obovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, narrowed at 
the base; upper cordate, half-amplexicaul. Flowers axillary 
on curved pedicels two to three inches long, nodding or 
drooping. Calyv-tube very small; segments one-haff to 
two-thirds of an inch long, erect, narrowly lanceolate, 
margins at the base reflexed, sinus sometimes produced 
backward into an auricle. Corolla campanulate, one to one 
and a half inches long, deep blue or pale greenish, lobes 
very short and broad. Filaments slender, dilated and 
slightly hairy at the base. Style pubescent.—/. D H 

JlIlelllllT* fr ° m a natiV6 specimen ; 2 > and 3 > stamens; 4, pistil -.-all but 


/nic'Mit Brooks Dajr A 

Tab. 6704. 
licuala grandis. 

Native of New Britain. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Coryphee. 
Genus Licuala, Thunb.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 928.) 

Lictjala grandis; glaberrima,caudice erectosuperne vaginis vetustisfoliorumobtecto, 
foliis perplurimis erecto-patulis, petiolo 3-pedali gracili glaberrimo, marginibus 
infra medium spinosis, spinis brevibus validis rectis v. curvis, lamina orbiculari 
v. semi-orbiculari concavo basi cuneato v. truncato creberrime plicato, marginibus 
breviter fissis, lobis obtuse 2-fidis, ligula brevi late ovata acuta crassa, spadicibus 
axillaribus foliis paullo brevioribus gracilibus glaberrimis, ramulis floriferis 
distantibus paniculatim ramosis sessilibus, spathis 2-pollicaribus lanceolatis 
acuminatis brunneis, noribus £ poll, longis viridibus cum pedicello brevissimo 
articulatis, calyce tubuloso-campanulato ore truncato sublobato, petalis calyce 
brevioribus late ovatis acutis marginibus crassis, staminibus sinubus cyathi 
magni 6-lobi crasse coriacei insertis, filamentis subulatis lobis triangularibus 
cyathi aequilongis, antheris oblongis, ovario obovoideo e carpellis 3 leviter 
cohasrentibus, stylo brevi filiformi integro. 

L. grandis, H. Wendl. MSS. — Andre Ilhistr. Horlicol. t. 412. 

Pbitchaedia grandis, Sort. Bull. • 

The subject of the present Plate is one of the most 
striking Palms that have ever been introduced into this 
country; it is graceful in habit, with a bold crown of 
brilliantly green leaves, the rounded cup-shaped form of 
which, delicately folded in innumerable plaits, and doubly 
cut round the edges, are characters quite unlike those of 
any other Palm known in cultivation. The precise date of 
its introduction is not known; it was exhibited at the 
International Horticultural Show at Brussels in 1876 by 
Mr. Bull, from whose possession it passed into that of Mr. 
Wills, and from him to the Royal Gardens, Kew, where it 
forms one of the chief ornaments of the Tropical House 
No. 1. 

The genus Licuala, consisting of about thirty known 
species, is very badly represented in the Palm Houses of 
Europe; most are small Palms of very elegant habit, 
natives of the hotter regions of Eastern Asia, and from 

AUGUST 1st, 1883. 

thence spread through the South Sea Islands, whence, no 
doubt, many new species are to be obtained. 

P. grandis flowered for the first time in Mr. Wills's 
establishment at Anerley in February, 1881, but did not 
ripen seeds. 

Desce. Whole plant six feet high to the base of the top- 
most petiole. Trunk, three feet and a half to the base of the 
leaves, ten inches in circumference, leaf-bearing for nearly 
half of its length, clothed shortly below the leaves with the 
sheaths of the old leaves, which are semi-amplexieaul and 
about three inches long. Leaves about twenty in the 
crown, erect and slightly spreading, deep bright green; 
petiole two and a half to three feet long, slender, concavo- 
convex, armed with short stiff nearly straight or curved 
sometimes irregularly forked spines along the margins 
from the base to the middle, ending in a short ovate acute 
concave thickly coriaceous ligule ; blade suberect, three 
feet in diameter, and about two long, orbicular or semi- 
orbicular, concave from the incurving of the sides and 
more or less of the whole blade, closely plaited and a little 
wavy, base cuneate or truncate, margins cleft into bifid 
lobes about an inch long, lobules of the lobes very obtuse. 
Spadixes several, rising from amongst the leaves and nearly 
as long as they are, suberect ; rachis as thick as the little 
finger, cylindric, terete, quite smooth, giving off at 
intervals of a foot or less flowering panicles five to six 
inches long. Spathes at the bases of the panicles two or 
more, two to three inches long, lanceolate, acute, concave, 
brown, striated. Flowers one-third of an inch long, jointed 
on to very short pedicels or sessile on the branches of the 
panicle. Calyx tubular-campanulate, terete ; mouth trun- 
cate, slightly lobed. Petals as long as the calyx, ovate, 
acute, concave, very thick, with broad margins and an 
mflexed tip. Stamens very small, inserted between the 
triangular teeth of a six-lobed coriaceous cup; filaments 
subulate, as long as the teeth of the cup ; anthers oblong. 
Ovary of three slightly cohering wedge-shaped carpels, 
united by a very short entire style; stigma simple. — /. D. H. 

Pig. 1, Top of petiole and base of leaf blade ; 2, branch of panicle and flower ; 
d, flower spread open ; 4, calyx cut open and petals in bud ; 5, petal ; 6, staminal 
cup and stamens ; 7, ovary ; 8, the same with the carpels disunited :— all but fig. 1 



IfincenL Erooks.Day & Sonlmp. 

*<-C° London. 

Tab. 6705. 

aloe pratensis. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. LiliacEjE. — Tribe Aloine.e. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; {Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 776.) 

Aloe pratensis ; acaulis, foliis permultis dense rosulatis oblongo-lanceolatis acumi- 
nata semiptdalibus viridibus glauco tinctis immaculatis obscure verticaliter 
linearis dorso superne tuberculato-aculeatis margine aculeis magnis patulis 
rubro-brunneis armatis, pedunculo valido simplici bracteis vacuis multis 
scariosis ovatis acuininatis prsedito, racemo denso simplici, pedicellis ascenden- 
tibus flore saepe longioribus, bracteis magnis ovatis acuminatis, perianthii 
splendide rubri tubo brevissimo campanulato, segmentis lanceolatis, genitalibus 
demum breviter exsertis. 

A. pratensis, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 156. 

This is a well-marked and very handsome new species of 
the dwarf acaulescent group of Aloes, allied to A. humilis 
and A. aristata. "We first received it from Mr. Thomas 
Cooper, of Eeigate, in whose rich collection it flowered 
several years ago. In 1872, Professor McOwan sent two 
fine specimens for the Herbarium, gathered on the summit 
of the Boschberg, at an elevation of 4500 feet above sea- 
level. Lately it has flowered again in the collection of Mr. 
Justus Corderoy, of Blewbury, near Didcot, from whose 
specimen the present drawing was made. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Leaves sixty or eighty in a dense 
rosette, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, the outer ones five or 
six inches long, the inner ones growing gradually smaller, 
an inch and a half broad at the base, exclusive of the spines, 
narrowed gradually from the base to the point, firm in 
texture, an eighth of an inch thick in the middle, green 
with a slight glaucous tinge, obscurely lineate vertically on 
both back and face, not spotted, furnished on the margin 
with large red-brown deltoid cuspidate horny spines, a few- 
of which extend to the back of the leaf near its tip. 
Peduncle short, stout, simple, a foot or more in length, 

acgist 1st, 1883. 

furnished with copious ascending scariose ovate acuminate 
empty bracts. Raceme dense, simple, finally half a foot or 
a foot long; pedicels ascending, often longer than the 
flowers ; bracts of the inflorescence just like those of the 
peduncle. _ Perianth cylindrical, bright red tipped with 
green, an inch and a quarter long ; segments lanceolate, 
united only m a short cup at the base. Stamens and style 
finally a little exserted from the perianth ; anthers minute 
oblong, orange-yellow.—/. G. Baker. 

£ J*, The , ]? hol e Plant, muck reduced; 2, a flower, slightly enlarged; 3, an 
laroed * **** '' 4 ' M n&m ' vitWed from the " ' 5 > P istil ■■~ aU 




Vincent Br o 

IF.eeve StC°Xondon. 

Tab. 6706. 
DENDROBIUM kevglutum. 

Native of the Malay Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide.e. — Tribe Epidendbe^:. 
Genus Dendeobium, Sw. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 498.) 

igisve obtusis emargmatisve subtus cannatis enerviis, 
noribus solitariis opposititbliis, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis subacutis 
recurvia albis, sepalo dorsali ceteris paullo majore, labello petalis multo majore 
oblongo-quadrato convexo apice truncato angulis rotundatis, lobis lateralibus 
ad basin medii parvis oblongis obtusis, disco exarato lineis 3 rubris ceterum 
aureo-viridi, calcare petalis subsequilongo fere recto subacuto, colurana brevi 

D. revolutum, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. vol. xxvi. (1840), Misc. p. 51; Paxt. Fl.Gard. 
Ic. Xylog. n. 42; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 291. 

A very singular form of Dendrobium^ one of a small group 
which inhabits the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. Its 
nearest ally is the I), uniflorum, Griff. (Notul. vol. iii. p. 305, 
and Ic. PI. Asiat. t. 303), which differs in the much broader 
sepals, petals, and lip, and is a native of Mount Ophir, 
Malacca. This or D. uniflorum may further prove to be 
the same as one of two plants from Penang, distributed by 
Wallich under his number 2002, with the name of D. 
hifarium, Lindl., and which consist respectively of a 
Dendrobium without flower or fruit, but with axillary bracts, 
as in D. uniflorum and revolutum, and another plant with 
terminal and axillary short racemes, which Lindley subse- 
quently rightly identified with a Hong-Kong one, and which 
is his Appendicula bifaria (Kew Journ. Bot. vol. vii. p. 35). 

D. revolutum is a native of Singapore, whence it was first 
introduced into England nearly fifty years ago by the 
veteran collector Cuming, and cultivated by the Messrs. 
Loddiges. The specimen here figured was received from 
C. Peche, Esq., of Moulmein, in 1882, along with other 
orchids. The original Singapore specimen preserved in 

AOGU8T 1st, 1883. 

Lindley's Herbarium at KeW is identical with our plant as 
to flower, but has a more slender stem and narrow leaves 
three and a half inches long. A specimen froru the Rev. 
Mr. Parish, collected presumably in Moulmein, is undis- 
tinguishable from that here figured in stem, leaves, and 
form and size of flower, but according to a drawing which 
accompanies it, the lip is a dull green without the thin 
red streaks. 

D. revolution flowered in the Orchid House of the Royal 
Gardens in July of the present year. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs none. Stems tufted, a foot long, as 
thick as a goose-quill, deeply furrowed; internodes one- 
quarter to two-thirds of an inch long, not swollen ; sheaths 
none. Leaves numerous, distichous, one to two inches long 
(three and a half inches in Lindley's specimen), oblong or 
linear- or ovate-oblong, obtuse or retuse, semi-amplexicaul, 
keeled by the midrib, striate when dry. Flowers solitary, 
axillary, three-fourths of an inch long from the tip of the 
dorsal sepal to that of the lip j bracts caducous ; pedicel 
slender, decurved, with the ovary two-thirds of an inch 
long. Sepals and petals white, reflexed upwards, lanceolate, 
acute, nearly equal, except the dorsal sepal, which is rather 
the longest and broadest. Lip nearly quadrate, convex, 
bright yellow-green, tip truncate with rounded angles; 
lateral lobes small, marginal lobes towards the base of the 
median; disk with three furrows and red bands; spur as 
long as the sepals, nearly straight, subacute. Column very 
small, prone upon the labellum, and about one-third of its 
length.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1 Flower with sepals and petals removed: 2, column and spur; 3, polhn- 
masses ; 4, anther-case -.—all enlarged. 


: riroolc 

L Reeve 6t 

Tab. 6707. 
ALLIUM Macleanii. 

Native of Cabul. 

Nat. Old. Liliace^. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 802.) 

Allium (Molium) Macleanii ; bulbo globoso, foliis 4-5 lanceolatis glabris pedalibus, 
pedunoulo tereti 2-3-pedali, umbello globoso multifloro pedicellis strictis 
elongatis, spathse valvis oblongo-lanceolatis pedicellis multo brevioribus, 
perianthii parvi pallide purpurei segmeiitis oblongo-lanoeolatis flore expanso 

fiatulis, genitalibus periantbio lj-2-plo longioribus, filamentis conformibus 
inearibus, ovario viridi trilobato granulato, ovulis in loculo geminis collatera- 

This is a fine new tall many-flowered Allium^ of which 
the bulbs were brought from Cabul by Colonel Maclean. 
It was flowered for the first time last summer by Mr. James 
Wilson, of St. Andrews, from whose plant the present 
drawing was made. It does not resemble any known 
European, Oriental, or Himalayan species, but we have, in 
the Kew Herbarium, a closely-allied undescribed species 
from Beluchistan, gathered by Dr. Stocks, and it also 
nearly resembles two of Dr. Kegel's new species from 
Central Asia, A. stipitatum and A . Suwarowi, both of which 
have lately been figured in the Gartenflora, on Plate 1062. 

Descb. Bulbs symmetrical, solitary, globose. Leaves 
four or five, contemporary with the flowers, evanescent, 
lanceolate, green, about a foot long, an inch or an inch and 
a half broad, flat, glabrous both upon the surfaces and 
margins. Peduncle terete, flexuose, moderately stout, two 
or three feet long. Umbel dense, globose, three or four 
inches in diameter ; spathe-valves two, oblong-lanceolate, 
membranous, evanescent, much shorter than the pedicels, 
which are stiff and slender, and attain a length of one and 
a half or two inches. Perianth mauve-purple, a quarter of 
an inch long; segments oblong-lanceolate, acute, spreading 
horizontally when fully expanded, furnished with a distinct 

AUGUST 1st, 1883. 

one-nerved keel down the back. Filaments pale mauve- 
purple, uniform, linear, much longer than the perianth- 
segments; anthers small, oblong. Ovary greenish, orbicular, 
deeply lobed, with a pair of collateral ovules in each cell.— 
J. G. Baker. 

enfar'ed' A ^^ C ° mplete ; 2 and 3 ' « tam ens ; 4, pistil -.—all more or less 


■ Sc C° London. 

Tab. 6708. 
NYMPELEA odorata, var. minor floribus roseis. 
Native of the United States. 

Nat. Ord. Nymphjeaceje. — Tribe Nymph.^. 
Genus Nymprea, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 46.) 

Nymph.ea odorata, foliis orbicularibus basi ad petiolum fissis marginibus inte- 
gerrimis, stipulis rbizomati appressis late triangularibus v. subreniformibus 
apice emarginatis, floribus albis odoratis, sepalis oblongis cum petalis et antheris 
obtusis, stigmatum appendicibus brevibus incurvis, seminibus stipitatis oblongis 
arillo multo brevioribus. 

N. odorata, Ait. Hort. Kew. vol. ii. p. 227 ; Bot. Mag. t. 819 ; A. Gray, Man. 
ed. 5, p. 56. 

Var. rosea; petalis roseis. N". odorata var. rosea, Pursh. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 369. 

The rose-coloured varieties of the European Nymphcea 
alba, and of the American N. odorata, have attracted much 
attention in this country, and I have taken the opportunity 
of figuring the latter in order to correct the misapprehension 
raised by the figure and description of N. odorata var. minor 
published in 1814 in this work at Tab. 1652, which is there 
described as var. B. rosea, but which is not the true 
variety of that name. N. minor, DC. itself is only a small- 
leaved and flowered state of N. odorata, passing into it by 
every gradation, as remarked by Gray ; and the rose-colour 
of the flowers is not confined to it, though possibly more 
usual in the smaller than in the larger states of the species. 
The plate, Tab. 1652, is, no doubt, referable to var. minor, 
and is a narrow-petalled state of that variety, but the calyx 
and petals, though described as rosy externally, are figured 
as pure white. This is the more remarkable, as the de- 
scription says, " That it is really the rose-coloured variety 
of odorata of Pursh is certain, being the product of roots 
brought from America by himself. This excellent botanist 
describes the flowers as being externally of a rose colour ; 
but in our plant neither calyx nor petals had any such 
AtrorsT 1st, 1883. 

stain." The author of the description in the Magazine 
goes on to state that the difference may have arisen from 
cultivation, for that the deep purple of the under- surface 
of the leaves, from want, perhaps, of sufficient air and 
intensity of light, did not, as described by Pursh, extend to 
the peduncles. To me it appears far more probable that 
Pursh brought the wrong plant, than that imported roots 
changed their character so suddenly as to produce in two 
successive years, first rose-coloured and then pure white 

N. odorata extends throughout Eastern North America, 
from Newfoundland to Florida, which renders its absence 
m the western half of the continent very remarkable, as 
water-plants are so easily disseminated; and the same remark 
applies to the equally common American Nuphar advena, 
which is, however, represented by another species in 
Western America. The var. rosea is more local than the 
white-flowered form. There are specimens from Pursh in 
the Kew Herbarium from the Bass and Wardings Rivers, 
gathered m 1808, and Gray says that varieties with pinkish 
or rarely bright pink flowers and leaves often crimson 
underneath occur, especially at Barnstable in Massachusetts, 
bnapman does not mention it as a native of the Southern 
United States. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Kennedy, who 
has done so much for the introduction of water-plants into 
tins country for the specimen from which this figure is 
taken, and which flowered in the tropical Water-Lily House 
nearly all the summer.—/. D H 

and 1 !™lv 0ute ;; an ?' 2 ' ^ nei stamen s; 3, vertical section of torus, with stamens 
aim ovary : — all enlarged. 


Tar. 6709. 

Native of the Comoro Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllide^e. — Tribe Amabylle.e. 
Genus Cbinum, Linn.; (Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 726.) 

Cbinitm (Platyaster) Hildebrandtii ; bulbo ovoideo collo elongato, foliis 8-10 
synanthiis lanceolatis glabris sesquifedalibus vel bipedalibus, scapo gracili 
ancipiti subpedali, umb^liis 6-10-floris, pedicellis subnullis vel brevissimis, 
spathas valvis lanceolatis reflexis, perianthii albi tubo recto cylindrico 6-7- 
pollicari, limbi segruentis lanceolatis horizontaliter patulis tubo subtriplo 
brevioribus, filamentis purpureas perianthii segmentis brevioribus, stylo exserto. 

C. Hildebrandtii, Vatke in Monats. KonigL Acad. Wissen. Berl. 1876, p. 863 ; 
Baker in Gard. Chron. 1881, p. 1 80. 

This is a well-marked new species of Crinum, allied to 
C. americanum and erubescens, but from a totally different 
part of the world. It was discovered about 1875 amongst 
the mountains of Johanna Island, at an elevation of 3000 
feet above sea-level, by the late Dr. Hildebrandt, who, after 
a series of courageous explorations in Somali-land and 
other little-known regions of East Tropical Africa, visited 
Madagascar, and after making in the island large and 
valuable collections, died a couple of years ago at Antana- 
narivo, worn out by his exertions. It was sent home by 
him about 1875 to the Botanic garden at Berlin. I am not 
aware that any of the original stock ever reached this 
country ; but it was rediscovered by Sir John Kirk in 
1878, and it was from bulbs presented by him to Kew, 
which flowered in November, 1881, and again in the winter 
of 1882, that our drawing was made. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, two or three inches in diameter, 
with a neck finally half a foot long. Leaves eight or ten, 
contemporary with the flowers, lanceolate, bright green, 
firm in texture, a foot and a half or two feet long, two or 
two and a half inches broad at the middle, narrowed 
gradually to the apex, quite glabrous on the margins. 


Peduncle slender, lateral, ancipitous, about a foot long ; 
umbel of six to ten nearly or quite sessile flowers ; spathe- 
valves two, lanceolate, reflexed. Perianth pure white, 
erect, with a cylindrical tube six or seven inches long; 
segments of the limb lanceolate, spreading horizontally 
when fully expanded, two or three inches long, under half 
an inch broad. Filaments bright purple, shorter than the 
perianth-segments ; anthers linear, three-quarters of an 
inch long. Style finally exserted beyond the perianth- 
segments ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of an anther ; 2, back view of an anther ; 3, apex of style, 
th stigma : — all enlarged. 

671 0. 

"' S 1*1 

incnt-BrooloHay* Scrimp 

Tab. 6710. 
tulipa kolpakowskyana. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Tulipeje. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa Kolpalcowskyana ; bulbo magno ovoideo, tunicis castaneis exterioribus 
intus parte adpresse-strigosis, caule valido uniHor*o glabro, foliis 3-4 margine 
obscure ciliatis, inferiori lanceolato subpedali, superioribus linearibus, flore 
leviter odoro ante antbesin subnutante, perianthio magno campanulato splendide 
rubi-o vel luteo segmentis subconformibus oblongis acutis exterioribus magis 
patulis, filamentis glabris, ovario crasso trigono, stigmatibus magnis crispatis. 

T. Kolpakowskvana, Repel in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. v. p. 266 ; Gartenflora, 
vol. xxvii.* (1878), pp. 293, 336, t. 951; Gard. Chron. 1880, t. lllet 113; 
Baker in Gard. Chron. 1883, vol. i. p. 789. 

This new Tulip from Central Asia is a very fine plant, 
and likely to prove quite hardy in our English climate, and 
to become a popular favourite. It is a near ally of T. 
Gesneriana, with which it quite agrees in bulb and general 
habit, differing in its earlier time of flowering and in the 
segments being narrowed gradually to an acute point. It 
is likely that it will prove equally variable with T. Ges- 
neriana in the colouring of the flower. Mr. Elwes, who 
supplied the specimen for the present figure, says : — " The 
colour is either bright cherry red, with a black eye, purplish- 
black anthers aud filaments ; or yellow, flamed reddish on 
the back of the three outer segments ; or pure yellow, with 
blackish eye and yellow anthers and filaments." It is a 
native of Turkestan, and was introduced to the St. Peters- 
burg garden by Dr. Albert Kegel and Fetisow about 1877. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter, with 
brown membranous tunics, slightly strigose inside, ^em- 
erect, terete, one-flowered, about a foot long. Leaves three 
or four to a stem, slightly glaucous, unspotted, obscurely 
ciliated on the margin, glabrous on the face and back, the 
lowest lanceolate, about a foot long by an inch broad, the 

BEPTEMBEE 1st, 1883. 

upper ones linear. Peduncle glabrous, erect, six or nine 
inches long. Bud slightly nodding. Flower faintly scented, 
campanulate, two or two and a half inches long in the 
cultivated plant; all the segments oblong and acute, an 
inch or more broad at the middle, the three outer, when 
the flower expands, spreading away from the three inner. 
Segments in the typical red-flowered form, as figured, with 
a faint yellow-black blotch filling up the whole claw. 
Stamens about an inch long, the glabrous filament often 
shorter than the linear anther. Orarij large, stout, with 
three large much-crisped stigmas. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Bulb; 2 and 3, bases of perianth segments: — all of the natural size; 
4, stamen, and 5, ovary : — both enlarged. 



Vincent Broc 

1 Reeve & C9 London 

Tar. 6711. 


Native of the Maritime Alps. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeyllidace-e. — Tribe Amaeylle.b. 
Genus Leucoium, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 720.) 

Leucoitjm (Ruminia) hyemale ; bulbo globoso tunicis meinbranaceis, foliis 2-4 
synanthiis vernalibus anguste linearibus glabris facie canaliculars, pedunculo 
gracili 1-2-lloro, pedicellis cernuis, spathze valvis linearibus, ovario turbinate, 
perianthii segmentis albis oblongis dorso viridulis laxe multinervatis, exte- 
rioribus acutis, interioribus paulo brevioribus obtusis, antheris conniventibus 
lanceolatis filamentis brevissimis, stylo cylindrico, stigmate papilloso, semi- 
nibus dimidiato-oblongis nigris punctatis carunculatis. 

L. hiemale, DC. Fl. Franc. Suppl. p. 326, ex parte ; Bertol. Fl. Ital. vol. iv 
p. 6 ; Moggridge Cont. Fl. Mentone, t. 21. 

Galanthus autumnalis, Allioni Auct. ad FL Pedem. p. 33, excl. syn. 

Acis hyemalis, Roem. Amaryll. p. 55 ; Kunih Enum. vol. v. p. 475. 

Ruminia hyemalis, Parlat. Fl. Ital. vol. iii. p. 85. 

R. nicaeensis, Jord. et Fourr. Icones, p. 26, t. 65, f. 108. 

This graceful little Sncwflake is one of the rarest of 
European plants. It is confined to a small strip of rocky 
shore reaching from Nice to two miles east of Mentone. 
The name " hyemale " conveys a wrong idea, for it does 
not flower till April, and for that reason M. Jordan has 
proposed to change it to " nicceensis. ,i The first specimens 
I remember to have seen at Kew were flowered in the 
herbaceous ground in the spring of 1871, from bulbs 
brought home by our valued correspondents, now both 
deceased, Messrs. M. and J. T. Moggridge, the latter of 
whom figured it beautifully for the first time in his illus- 
trated book on the plants of Mentone. Lately Mr. Geo. 
Maw has supplied us with a good stock, and it is from his 
specimens that the present drawing has been made. 

Descr. Bulb globose, under an inch in diameter, with 
several membranous brown tunics. Leaves two to four, 
contemporary with the flowers, erect, narrow linear, 


glabrous, six or twelve inches long, channelled down the 
face. Peduncle slender, erect, one- or two-flowered; 
pedicels cernuous ; spathe-valves two, linear. Ovary green, 
turbinate. Perianth white ; segments oblong, imbricated, 
half an inch long, tinged with green on the back and laxly 
man j- veined, the three inner rather shorter and more 
obtuse than the three outer. Stamens epigynous ; anthers 
lanceolate, bright yellow, permanently connivent ; filaments 
very short. Style cylindrical; stigma minute, terminal, 
papillose. Fruit a membranous turbinate capsule. Seeds 
dimidiate-oblong, black, punctate, furnished with a con- 
spicuous fleshy white carunculus. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, An outer segment of the perianth ; 2, an inner segment ; 3, pistil and 
Btamens ; 4, an anther, viewed from the front ; 5, one of the lobes of tht> epigynous 
disk : — all enlarged. 




Tab. 6712. 
primula floribunda. 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Pbimulace.e. — Tribe Pbimule^e. 
Genus Pbimula, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 631.) 

P&imvla. floribunda; glanduloso-pubescens, foliis vernation e conduplicatis ellipticis 
ovatisve acutis v. obtusis in petiolum latum angustatis irregulariter crenato- 
dentatis, floribus in verticillos superpositos involucratos dispositis gracile pedi- 
cellatis, involucri bracteis sessilibus foliaceis ovatis lanceolatisve acutis, calycis 
segmentis ovatis acuminatis fructiferis reflexis, corollae flavse tubo gracili piloso 
calyee duplo longiore, limbi lobis obcordatis, capsula globosa, dein conico- 
ovoidea ad basin latam 5-valve, valvis membranaceis, seminibus minutis angu- 
latis granulatis. 

P. floribunda, Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. t. 33, et Cat. no. 1825 ; Duly in DC. Trodr. 

vol. viii p. 35 ; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 495, xix part i. p. 113, f. 17 ; 

Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. xix. p. 113, f. 17. 
P. obovata, Wall. Cat no. 610. 
Andeosace obovata, Wall. MSS. 

P. floribunda belongs to a small section of the genus in 
which the leaves, instead of having revolute margins in 
vernation, are complicate, having them folded down the 
middle on the upper face. The species are remarkable for 
inhabiting comparatively very low elevations in warm 
countries. Thus the plant here figured is found at lower 
elevations in the Himalaya than any other of the numerous 
species that inhabit that rich region, occurring between 
2500 and 6500 feet along the whole division of the range 
which extends from Kumaon to Kashmir; occurring 
also in Afghanistan, where it was collected by Griffith on 
the banks of canals at Pushut. Its nearest allies are P. 
verticillata, Forsk (Plate 2842, which is the same as 
P. Boveana, Dene.), a native of the mountains of Arabia, 
and P. simensis, Hochst. (P. verticillata var. simensis, 
Masters in Gard. Chron. 18>0, p. 597, and our Plate 6042), 
which is an Abyssinian plant. 

The specimen here figured was received from the Royal 


Botanical Gardens of Edinburgh, and flowered at Kew in 
a cool frame in March, continuing in flower till May. 

Descr. Whole plant clothed with more or less glandular 
jointed soft hairs. Rootstock woody, as thick as the little 
finger, covered with the withered bases of the petiole. 
Leaves three to six inches long, spreading, membranous, 
ovate or elliptic, rarely spathulate or obovate, contracted 
into a very broad petiole of variable length, coarsely 
crenate-toothed ; nerves prominent, reticulate. Scapes 
numerous, four to eight inches high, slender, bearing two 
to six superposed whorls of three to six flowers, subtended 
by an involucre of three or four bracts. Bracts a quarter of 
an inch to an inchlong, sessile, ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, 
toothed, usually three-nerved. Pedicels slender, spreading, 
unequal. Calyx a quarter of an inch long, cleft nearly 
to the base into five ovate acuminate membranous sepals, 
which are spreading or recurved. Corolla golden yellow, 
tube slender, one-third to one-half of an inch long, hairy; 
limb half an inch in diameter, flat ; lobes obcordate, quite 
entire, mouth small. Anthers linear, sessile; style long or 
short, stigma capitate. Capsule globose, after dehiscence 
conico-ovoid from a broad base, split to the base into five 
membranous subacute valves. Seeds minute, angular, 
black, granulate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, pistil ; 3, capsule and calyx ; 4, steJs :— all enlarged. 



\ af 

L.Reeve & 

Tab. 6713. 
SENECIO concolor. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Senecionide^. 
Genus Senecio, Linn. ; (Benth. et BZoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 416.) 

Senecio concolor,- herbaceus, glaber v. sparse pubescens, radice perennante, caule 
gracili superne ramoso angulato, foliis radicalibus caulinisque inferioribus 
anguste oblanceoktis obtusis in petiolum anefustatis subtus purpurascentibus 
mtegerriniis v. sinuato-dentatis, superioribus sessilibus linearibus obtusis, 
supremis ad dicbotomias a basi lata lanceolatis acuminatis argute dentatis! 
corymbis glanduloso-pubescentibus, pedicellis elongatis divaricatis, capitulis 
radiatis 1 unc. latis, involucro subhemispherico pauci-calyculato glanduloso, 
bracteis anguste linearibus acuminatis, fl. radii 10-12 licrula oblonga obtusa 
purpurea, fl. disci aTbis antheris purpureis, acheniis puberulis. 

S. concolor, DC. Prodr. vol. vi. p. 407, excl.; Harv. et Sond. Fl. Cap. 
vol. in. p. 363, in part; N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. xii. part 1, 

P. 615 (suit S snpl>inanc^ at Trr.1 „,. -r, >7 K. 

p. 615 (sub S. speciosus), et vol. xx. p. 75. 

This is a handsome South African species of Senecio 
belonging to the group which includes 8. speciosus (Plate 
6488). In Harvey and Sonder's " Flora Capensis," these 
two plants were confounded together, an error which 
was detected by Mr. INT. E. Brown, who well describes 
the differences between them in the volumes of the 
" Gardener's Chronicle " quoted above. At first sight they 
reach the gorgeous 8. pulcher (Plate 5959) of Temperate 
South America, but that species differs widely in its yellow 
disk-flowers, those of 8. concolor being white with purple 
anthers, a fact which would militate against the adoption 
of the specific name, were it not that the said colour of the 
anthers being that of the rays just sufficiently justifies its 

S. concolor is a native of the mountainous district of 
lulbaghe to the north-east of Capetown, where it was disco- 
vered by the collector Drege about fifty years ago ; and it has 
smce been found by T. Cooper, when collecting for the late 
JVlr. Wilson Saunders. The specimen was raised from 


South African seed, which flowered in the Royal Gardens 
in a cool frame in July of last year. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem one to two feet high, 
angular, and as well as the leaves sparsely pubescent, 
corymbosely branched above. Radical leaves four to six 
inches long, narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse, narrowed into 
a long or short petiole, quite entire or sinuate-toothed; 
upper leaves sessile, linear, obtuse, irregularly toothed; 
uppermost at the axils of the corymb, sessile and semi- 
amplexicaul, lanceolate, acuminate, toothed. Heads many, 
long.pedicelled, in a lax open corymb, about one inch in 
diameter, pedicels spreading and involucres glandular- 
pubescent. Involucre hemispherical, calyculate by a few 
subulate bracts at the base ; receptacle convex. Flowers 
of the ray ten to twelve ; rays distant, linear oblong, obtuse, 
purple; flowers of the disk not numerous, white, with 
purple anthers. Achenes striate, puberulous.— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1^ Involucre with bracts removed ; 2, ray-flower ; 3, its style arms ; 4, disk- 
nower ; o, stamens ; 6, pappus-hair; 7, achene and flower :— all enlarged. 




L Reeve &. C? London 

Tab. 6714. 
salvia bole vi ana. 
Native of Bolivia. 

Nat. Ord. Labiatje. — Tribe Monaede^;. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; (Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1191) 

Salvia (Calospbace) boliviana ■; erecta, suffruticosa, cano-puberula, foliis ovato- 
cordatis petiolatis rugulosis crenulatis, supra glabris, raccmis pyramidatim 
paniculatis densifloris glanduloso-puberulis, verticillastris multifloris, calycis 
purpureo-virescentis lablO superiore ovato acuto, inferiore aeqailongo bicuspidato, 
corolla coccinea calyce quadruplo longiore glaberrima, labio superiore brevi 
porrecto obtuso concavo, iaferiore vix duplo-majore breviter 3-lobo, lobis 

S. boliviana, Planck, in Flore des Serres, t. 1148. 

Under Plate 5947, the name Salvia boliviana will be 
found cited as a synonym of 8. rubescens, Humb., Bon pi., 
and Kunth, a native of almost tlie same country, and so 
near an ally that, in the absence of specimens, the two 
species may well be confounded, if indeed they really differ 
specifically. Beautiful specimens of 8. boliviana, sent by 
Messrs. Henderson, however, show that there are decided 
differences between them, as may be seen by a comparison 
of the plates. In habit, stature, foliage and pubescence, 
they are strikingly alike, as they are in the general 
characters of the inflorescence and structure and colour of 
the flowers; but the panicles of 8. boliviana are much 
denser-flowered, the calyces larger with longer lips, and 
the corolla twice as long and straighter, with a smaller 
lower lip. It is for the size and number of the flowers 
much the handsomer plant, and indeed few species of the 
splendid genus to which it belongs can vie with it in the 
size, colour, and beauty of the inflorescence, though for 
size of flower it is far surpassed by 8. longiflora, B. and P., 
the red corollas of which are four to five inches long : it is 
a native of the Bolivian Andes at elevations of 10,000 to 

octobeb 1st, 1883. 

12,000 feet. 8. boliviana was introduced by Van Houtte, 
and raised from seed collected by Warcsewicz, presumably 
in Bolivia; but this, according to Planclion, who published 
it in 1856, is not certain. 

Descr. A branched undershrub, sparingly hoary on the 
stem petioles and leaves beneath, glandular-pubescent on 
the inflorescence. Leaves three to six inches long, ovate- 
cordate, acute, wrinkled, crenulate ; petiole slender, one to 
three inches long. Panicle subsessile, two feet high, 
branched ; branches densely clothed with crowded whorls 
of flowers. Flowers many in a whorl, pedicelled, suberect ; 
pedicel shorter than the calyx. Calyx three-quarters of an 
inch long, between funnel- and bell-shaped, dull purple or 
green and purple, base acute, tube deeply grooved and 
strongly nerved ; lips one-third as long as the tube, recurved, 
broadly ovate, upper entire acute, lower with two small 
subulate teeth. Corolla four times as long as the calyx, 
tubular, slightly curved, glabrous, bright scarlet; upper 
lip very small, concave, obtuse, horizontal; lower about 
twice as long, broad, shortly three-lobed, lobes rounded. 
Stamens with one anther-cell slightly exserted, filaments 
very short; arms of the connective much longer than the 
filament, quite straight ; barren arm rather shorter than 
the other ; staminodes two, minute, capitellate. Style very 
slender, bearded below the tip. — J. D. II. 

Fkf. 1, Portion of corolla, stamens, and staminodes; 2, anthers; 3, disk and 
pistil .—all enlarged. 


M. S.deU.NFi 

Vincent. BroofeDay&Son) 

L.Heeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6715. 

DENDROBITJM oabiniferum, yar. Wattii. 

Native of Munip&re. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide;e.— Tribe Epidendbeje. 
Genus Djwmobiuh, Sw. ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 498.) 

Vvxmomvw cariniferum ; caulibus fasciculatis elongatis, Internodiis l-U-mlli 

cadis inb vK V U R remi o Pl ? S f ln V s ?»gT0-fi«utuH 8 , floribus apices versus 
sem I nf, } T J' 2 " ms - bl ™ 88im * pedicellatis 2-poll. diametr. albis, 

sepahB oWo^o-lanceolatis acuminate lateralibus subfhleatis, petalis woilonS. 

^mS^S !abeli ° 1 a]b0 f stliis ?«* v. subcinnabarinis LeatoTbK 
MrSloS i 1 ° b J Usail «" hs tttonwdio parvo obovato crispulo venis incrassati. 

BfiffAj fere J* «*!-*» ° b ^°, «*"»«» recta apice tridentata, 
aentibus lateralibus ovatis dorsah longiore angustiore. 

D. cariniferum, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. I860, p. 611. 

"hUl£1w<S T^^,^ fere g^berrimis, floribus majoribus, 
labello flavo £asc la to lobo medio longiore oblongo apice 2-Iobo. 

Dendrobium cariniferum is very nearly allied to the well- 
known D. longicornu, Lindl., one of the commonest Indian 
8 ?ff ^f' remarkablc * lon g with some allies for the short 
stift black hairs on the leaf-sheaths ; nor should I be sur- 
prised if these two species were found to be connected 
by a series of varieties. As it is, however, the form of the 
perianth is too different to justify D. cariniferum being 
regarded as a variety. Dr. Reichenbach mentions D. 
Aanthophlebium, Lindl., and D. Williamsoni, Day and 
ttchb., as comparable with it. 

D. cariniferum is a native of Burma, whence we have 
nowers collected at Bhamo, a district not far to the east- 
ward of Munipore, where the subject of the present plate 
was procured, and which I think can only be regarded as 

Tf Va n? tj ° f tlie planfc ori g ina % described by Reichenbach. 
differs in the larger flowers, rather longer spur, the 
FUow bands on the lip, and the longer narrow mid-lobe of 
X e la * ter > aiJ d the faintly hairy sheaths. The specimen 
D gured came with a collection of orchids from Dr. Watt, 

octobeb 1st, 1883. 

FL.S., of tiie Education department of India, whilst 
attached to a mission engaged on the boundary survey of 
the kingdom of Munipore, on the eastern frontier of British 
India, a country previously quite unknown botanically. It 
flowered in October, 1882, soon after arrival. 

Descb. Stems tufted, a foot and upwards long, rather 
slender; internodes one to one and a half inch long, 
eylindric, grooved when dry. Sheaths as long as the 
internodes, very sparsely clothed with a short furfuraceous 
black pubescence. Leaves alternate, three inches long, 
narrowly oblong, dull green, nearly flat, tip minutely 
notched; blade sessile on the sheath. Floivers shortly 
pedicelled towards the ends of leafless stems, single or m 
pairs, two inches in diameter, pure white with golden 
streaks on the lip. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, 
spreading. Petals as long as the sepals, rather broader, 
elliptic, acute. Lip as long as the petals, convolute, 
cuneate when spread open with rounded rather crisped 
lateral lobes, and an oblong two-lobed small narrow mid- 
lobe ; veins papillose ; spur three-quarters of an inch long, 
straight, stout, obtuse, greenish at the tip. Column stout, 
tip three-fid, lateral teeth ovate acute, dorsal narrower 
and longer. Anthers puberulous. — J. D. H. 

Fi<r. 1, Column ; 2, front view of apex of ditto; 3, anther-case ; 4, undeveloped 
pollinia : — all enlarged. 



T&centBroota Day 8 

L Reeve & C 

Tab. 6716. 
KNIPHOFIA Leichtlinti. 

Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe Hemeeocalle^:. 
Genus Kniphofia, Moench ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 775.) 

Kniphofia Leichtlinti; acaulis, foliis 4-pedalibus patulis linearibus subtriquetris 
obtuse carinatis longe attenuatis lsete viridibus non glauceacentibus, marginibus 
Isevibus, scapo tereti fusco-viridi sesquipedali, floribus pendulis in spicam 
densarn cylindraceam obtusam cont'ertis, pedicellis 0, bracteis parvis ovato- 
lanceolatis sauriosis, perianthio f-pollicari pallide aureo-miniato elongato- 
eampanulato ore breviter obtuse 6-lobo, tubo supra ovarium vix constricto, 
genitalibus periantbio paullo longioribua. 

K. Leicbtlinii, Baker MSS. 

The genus Kniphofia has attained a prominent place in 
gardens since the introduction in 1707 of the first species, 
K. Uvaria (see Plate 758, 4816, 6553), and the little 
K. pwmila (Plate 764), introduced in 1774 ; and it now 
numbers upwards of sixteen species, whilst its geographical 
limits, which were for long supposed to be confined to 
South Africa, have been extended far to the north of the 
tropic in Abyssinia. It cannot be said that the genus has 
grown in beauty as it has in extent, for none of the species 
hitherto cultivated at all compares with the old K. Uvaria 
in size, colour, freedom of growth, or hardiness. 

K. Leichtlinii is a native of Abyssinia, where it was dis- 
covered, and roots sent to the garden of the Grand Duke 
of Baden-Baden by the well-known traveller Schimper. 
The specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
in September, 1881, from a plant presented by that 
admirable cultivator, Herr Max Leichtlin, of Baden-Baden. 
As a species it is perhaps nearest to the South African 
A. pumila. 

Desce. Stem none ; crown of leaves at the base one to 
one and a half inch in diameter. Leaves four feet long, 
spreading all round, about three-quarters of an inch in 

OCTOBBB 1st. 18S3. 

diameter at one-third distance above the base, dilating at 
the base into a broad membranous sheath, and gradually 
narrowed to the tip ; triquetrous, not deeply or sharply 
keeled, bright green, not at all glaucous, margins quite 
entire. Scape three to four feet high, naked, or with an 
occasional linear scarious or membranous bracteal leaf 
sometimes four to five inches long, dull green, minutely 
speckled with red, giving it a brown look. Spike three to 
four inches long, by one and a half to two inches in 
diameter, quite cylindric and obtuse ; flowers quite sessile, 
pendulous ; bracts a quarter of an inch long, ovate, acute, 
with long points, membranous, deflexed. Perianth three- 
quarters of an inch long, narrowly bell-shaped, slightly 
contracted above the base, dull pale vermilion red and 
yellow; mouth shortly broadly four-lobed, lobes obtuse 
erect. Stamens shortly exserted, for not more than twice 
the length of the perianth-lobes ; anthers shortly oblong. 
Style rather longer than the stamens, stigma minute. — 
J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of leaf; 2, flower; 3 and 4, anthers; 5, pistil; G, transverse 
section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


\idcentBrooK5 Day » 


Tab. 6717. 

Native of Northern Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Liliacejs.— Tribe Asphodels^. 
Genus Gltphospbbma, ft Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xriii. p. 164 

pedS ere. 'i, ^ "^^"^'^^matis, laxifloris, 

medio d l.Kto f ^' ^ nant H1 ■*»»«■ oolong obtesis albia nervo 

G. Palmeri, ft. Wats. J. v. 

<W T? S i? gU if hardy plant ' the ^P e of a ne ^ genus, 
described after the publication of the last volume of the 
Genera PJantarum,' 5 in which it would otherwise have 
been included. Its position in the great natural order of 
Miaceatw m the subtribe Antkericece of the tribe Aspho- 
aeim , and it will stand next to Anthericum itself, to which 
Meed it seems to be very closely allied, differing c hiefl y 
m the structure of the filament. 

Glyphosperma was discovered by Dr. E. Palmer, one of 
Jl Ar° St ® nter P n8m g and successful botanical explorers of 
uie IN orth American continent, in sandy valleys at the 
town ot baltillo, m Cohuila (a province of Mexico), during 
n journey m South- Western Texas and Northern Mexico 
seeds received from the Botanical Gardens of Cambridge 
university, Massachusetts, were raised at Kew in 1881 
and flowered in February, 1882. It is not an attractive' 
inant, but as a near relative of the European Anth&ricwm 
« nas a special botanical interest. In the description of 
me flowers given in the American journal, these are said 
■o oe of a light salmon colour; as cultivated at Kew they 
are nearly white. ' 

Descb. Root of fascicled fleshy fibres. Leaves twelve to 


eighteen inches long, by one-sixth to a quarter of an inch 
broad, slender, soft and grass-like, concave in front, 
convex on the back, hollow, bright green, base rather 
broader with sheathing membranous margins. Stem 
eighteen to twenty - four inches nigh, slender, erect, 
sparingly paniculately branched, naked below ; branches 
long, slender, suberect, with membranous ovate bracts 
a quarter to half an inch long at the forks and bases of the 
pedicels. Racemes slender ; flowers very remote ; pedicels 
rather longer than the bracts, slender. Perianth three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter, cleft to the base into 
oblong obtuse white spreading segments with a broad 
central greenish-brown nerve, the outer segments rather 
the narrower. Stamens much shorter than the perianth ; 
outer the shortest, suddenly dilated at the base into a 
broadly oblong fimbriated membranous appendage ; inner 
(both appendage and filament) longer; anthers short, 
oblong, attachment dorsal, versatile, slits introrse. Ovary 
globose, sessile, three-celled ; style slender, equalling the 
stamens, deciduous ; stigma large, capitate, three-lobed ; 
ovules two in each cell, pendulous. Capsule nearly globose, 
three-angled, membranous, loculicidal, cells one- to two- 
seeded. Seeds triquetrous, dark, sides and back subrugosely 
pitted.—/. D. H. 

^ Fig. 1, Stamens and ovary ; 2, longer and, 3 and 4, shorter stamens ; 5, ovary ; 
6, transverse section of ditto ; 7, capsule ; 8 and 9, seeds : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 6718. 

aster diplostephioides. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Asteeoidejj. 
Genus Asteb, Linn.; {Benth. et Boole. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 271.) 

Asteh (Alpigema) diplostephioides ; glanduWo-pubescens v. -tomentosa, v -villosa 
rnizomate robusto, caule simplici erecto robusto folioso 1-cephalo foliis' 
radica hbus ob ongo- v. . obovato-oblongis v. oblanceolatis acutis in petiolum 
angustatis caulims sessilibus linearibus oblongo-linearibus obovato-oblomnsve 
capitulo 2-3-poll. diam., involucri bracteis lanceolatis exterioribus inte"rdnm 
ioliaceis, iigulis purpuras elongatis 2-seriatis, acheniis oblongis coinpressis 
erostatis senceis, pappi setis sordidis extimis brevibus rigidis. 

A. diplostepbioides Benth .in Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 272 ; Clarke Comp. Ind. p. 45 ; 
Mook.f. ±1. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 251. 

Heteboch^eta diplostephioides, DC. P> odr. vol. v. p. 282. 

Diplopappus diplostephioides, Herb. Ind. Or. Hook.f. vol. v. p. 7, in part. 

This is the handsomest and one of the commonest of the 
Alpme Composite of the Himalaya, abounding in moist 
situations at various points along the southern face of the 
iTnn from . Kashmir t0 Sikkim, at elevations of 8000 to 
11,000 feet in the north-west, but ascending to 16,000 feet 
in Sikkim. Like its congeners, it varies a good deal in 
hairvness, breadth and length of its leaves, and size of head, 
but it is otherwise a remarkably constant species Its 
nearest ally is the A. Heterochceta, Benth., which is the 
Himalayan representative of the European and North Asian 
A. alpinus. Many of the heads contain ray-flowers with 
imperfect stamens, and some with a second ligule smaller 
than and opposite to the normal one (see fig. 3), the corolla 
thus becoming bilabiate. 

The specimens here figured were raised from seed 
gathered m Sikkim by H. Elwes, Esq., and presented by 
him to the Royal Gardens. They flowered profusely in 
May and June, quite equalling the finest specimens from 
their native country. Dr. Aitchison, who sends dried 

octobes 1st, 1S83. 

specimens from Kashmir, states in a note that the roots are 
extensively used in that country in washing clothes. 

Descr. Whole plant softly glandular-pubescent or tonien- 
tose or even villous. Rootstock stout, short and erect, or 
elongate prostrate and covered with the fibrous remains of 
old leaves. Stem solitary, simple, stout, six to eighteen 
inches high, leafy. Radical leaves two to four inches long, 
very variable in breadth, from obovate to oblanceolate, 
acute, quite entire, narrowed into a long or short petiole ; 
cauline two to three inches long, sessile and semiamplexi- 
caul, linear-oblong, acute. Head solitary, inclined, two to 
three inches in diameter. Involucre broadly hemispherical ; 
bracts lanceolate, herbaceous, outer subfoliaceous, all 
appressed. Receptacle convex. Ray-floivers very numerous, 
in about two series, tube very short; ligule slender, one 
inch long, pale bright-purple, tip obscurely toothed. Dislc- 
flowers small, with purple heads before expanding. Achenes 
one-eighth of an inch long, oblong, flattened, not ribbed 
or winged, obtuse, silky ; pappus-hairs short, dirty white, 
rigid, scabrid, outer very short rigid. — J. D. H. 

•fu S -' ' Y ertlcal sec tion of involucre and receptacle; 2, ray-flower; 3, another 
with imperfect stamens and a second ligule ; 4, style-arms of ditto ; 5, disk-flower ; 
b, stamens ot ditto; 7, style-arms of ditto ; 8, achene and pappus ; 9, hair of pappus : 
— all enlarged. L r l 



Tab. 6719. 
JASMINUM floridum. 
Native of Japan and China. 

Nat. Ord. Oleace.e. — Tribe Jasmines. 
Genus Jasminum, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 674.) 

Jasminum floridum ; fruticosum, suberectum, glaberrimum, ramulis angulatis, 
foliis 3-foliolatis pinnatisve foliolis acuminatis v. apiculatis coriaceis enerviis 
marginibus obscure scaberulis costa valida, foliolo terminali ovato paulo majore, 
lateralibus ellipticis v. rarius obovatis sessilibus v. subpetiolulatis, cymis sub- 
erectis paucifloris, floribus pedicellatis, calycis glaberrimi lobis tubo 5-costato 
aequilongis setaceis, corollae aurese tubo calyce 4-plo longiore, limbi lobis 5 
ovatis subacutis. 

J. floridum, Bunge Enum. PI. Chin. p. 42 ; DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 313 ; Miqtiel 
Prolus. Fl. Jap. pp. 151,559 ; Franch. et Sav. Enum. PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 314. 

J. subulatum, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1842, Append, n. 58 ; DC. I. c. p. 312. 

This yellow-flowered Jasmine belongs to a group of 
Asiatic forms of which G. humile, Linn., is the type, the 
latter a plant to which many supposed Indian species have 
been referred by Clarke in the " Flora of British India " 
(vol. in. p. 602). It diifers from that plant (see Plate 1731) 
in the rarely pinnate leaves, smaller flowers, and slender 
calyx-teeth. It was discovered by Bunge during his 
journey to China, and published by him in 1831 ; but his 
description seems to have been overlooked by Lindley, who 
gave a curt diagnosis of it in the Appendix to the Botanical 
Register in 1842 under the name of J. subulatum. The 
plant was introduced from China by the Hon. W. Fox 
Strangways, afterwards Earl of Ilchester, an ardent 
horticulturist, whose garden at Abbotsbury in Dorset- 
shire was famous for its collection of rare and interesting 
plants. Besides authentic specimens collected by Bunge 
himself, there are other North China ones in the Kew 
Herbarium from Fortune and Bretschneider, and Japanese 
ones from the Herbarium of Leyden. 

J. subulatum grows freely on a south wall at Kew, 
without protection, and flowers in July. 

OCTOBEB 1st, 1883. 

Desce. A glabrous shrub, erect, or with flexuous 
branches and hence probably also scandent, wood brittle ; 
branches green, angular. Leaves alternate, pinnately three- 
foholate, rarely pinnate with two pairs of leaflets besides 
the terminal ; leaflets one to one and a half inch long, 
coriaceous, nerveless, except for the stout midrib, margins 
smooth or minutely scabrid; lateral leaflets elliptic or 
rarely obovate or ovate, acute or apiculate ; terminal larger, 
more ovate and acuminate; petiole stout, one-half to three- 
quarters of an inch long. Cymes terminal, suberect, simple 
or irregularly panicled ; pedicels slender, variable in length, 
one-half to one inch long. Calyx a quarter of an inch long, 
turbinate, five-angled ; lobes subulate, as long as the tube. 
torolla golden yellow, tube four times as long as the calyx ; 
limb one-half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter; 
segments spreading, ovate, acute. Stamens included, 
nlaments very short; anthers lanceolate, acuminate. Stigma 
notched. — J. D. E. 

rf^'JSS^S" of flower; 2,8tamens; 3 ' stigma; 4,tranverse section 


iinccTj BrocibsDay & 

sve ft C° London 

Tab. 6720. 
SARMIENTA ebpens. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. GtEsnebace^;. — Tribe Cyetandee^. 
Genus Saemienta, Ruiz et Pav.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1012.) 

Saemienta repens ; fruticulus gracilis, prostratus v. scandens, glaberrinius, caule 
tenui repente, foliis parvulis oppositis carnosis brevissime petiolatis ovatis 
ellipticis rotundatisve obtusis integerrimis v. paucidentatis, floribus axillaribus 
solitariis gracile pedunculatis coccineis. 

S. repens, Ruiz et Pav. Prodr. 4 ; Fl. Per. et Chil. vol. i. p. 8, t. 7 ; LamJc. 
Encyel. 904 ; Mart. Nov. Gen. vol. iii. p. 66, t. 219, f. 2 ; Gay Fl. Chil. 
toI. iv. p. 350 ; Hanst. in Linnaa, vol. xxxiv. p. 480 ; Fl. des Serres, 1 1646 ; 
Flor. May. vol. ii. t. 112. 

Ueceolaeia, FruilU, vol. iii., Hist. PI. Med. p. 69, t. 43. 

U. chileusis, Rcem. et Sch. Sj/st. Vey. vol. i. p. 77. 

The Flora of the western parts of Chili contains not a 
few subscandent or scandent forest-loving plants with 
scarlet flowers, as Lapageria rosea (Plate 4417), Philesia 
buxifolia (Plate 4738), Berberidopsis corallina (Plate 5343), 
and Mitraria coccinea (Plate 4462) ; a fact that may one 
day no doubt be correlated with some other which will 
account for it ; — possibly the presence or abundance of 
certain forestral insects whose operations may be necessary 
for the fertilization of the plants, and which are attracted 
by the brilliancy of the colouring of these flowers. _ Again, 
all these have pendulous flowers, a peculiarity which they 
share with the species of another scarlet-flowered genus 
of the same region, the Fuchsias, and with Tricuspidaria 
(Crinodendron), a beautiful shrub beloDging to T iliac eiE, 
which, though introduced into Europe, has not yet been 
figured from cultivated specimens. 

Sarmienta is a monotypic genus, and very closely allied 
to another also monotypic and Chilian one, the above- 
mentioned Mitraria coccinea, which has larger flowers _ of a 
somewhat similar form ; it inhabits the southern provinces 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1883. 

of the Mainland from Concepcion southward, and the Island 
of Chiloe, which is its southern limit. It was introduced into 
cultivation by Messrs. Veitch, and thrives in a cool damp 
conservatory amongst moss and stones or stumps of trees, 
or with a little care it may be trained to form a beautiful 
basket plant, flowering in the summer months. 

Desck. Stem very slender, flexuous, two to four feet 
long, sparingly branched, ascending mossy tree-trunks or 
straggling over the ground ; branches as thick as twine, 
brittle, rooting at the nodes, red brown, very sparsely hairy. 
Leaves one-half to three-fourths of an inch long, opposite, 
subsessile, bifarious, ovate, broadly elliptic or orbicular, 
obtuse, rather fleshy, quite entire or with a few shallow 
crenatures, margins recurved, nerves obscure, upper surface 
dark green glabrous opaque, lower pale punctulate. 
Peduncles solitary or in opposite axils, filiform, one-half to 
one and a half inch long, glabrous, one-flowered. Flowers 
pendulous, scarlet. Sepals five, one-eighth of an inch long, 
narrow, linear, or lanceolate, obtuse, bristly with white 
hairs. Corolla three-quarters to one inch long ; tube elon- 
gate, ventricose, constricted at the throat and suddenly at 
the base into a very narrow cylinder, obscurely pubescent ; 
limb oblique, lobes much shorter than the tube, rounded, 
spreading. Stamens inserted near the base of the corolla, 
filaments slender, free, two posterior with perfect anthers 
far exserted; two anterior filiform with clavate tips or 
minute anthers; fifth a very short staminode; anthers 
shortly oblong, free ; cells parallel, distinct. Disk obsolete. 
Ovary superior, attached by a broad base; style capillary, 
exserted, stigma small, simple.—/. D. H. 

■Fig. 1, Peduncle, calyx, and ovary; 2, base of corolla laid open, showing the 
shorter stamens and staminode ; 3, front, and 4, back view of anthers of longer 
stamens •.—mall i>nJni<n*J 

stamens :— all enlarged 


H.T_D.<M..-:n.Vrt.]- L iitii 

LReeve &.C5 

Tab. 6721. 


Native of Asia Minor and Syria. 

Nat. Ord. Rhamnace.*:. — Tribe Rhamne.e. 
Genus Rhamnus, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 377.) 

Khamnus (Eurhamnus) libanotica ; frutex robustus, rami's crassis erectis v. basi 
procumbentibus, foliis breviter petiolatis a basi rotundatasubcordataveoblongis 
ovatisve v. fere rotundatis, obtuse acuminatis acutatisve creberrime denticulatis 
demum laete brunneis, junioribus utrinque flavido-tomentellis, venis penni- 
formibus utrinque 12-15 validis arcuatis, floribus dioicis parvulis in cymas 
breves puberulas paucifloras dispositis, drupa hirtula calycis limbo (lobis 
caducis) basi cincta, seminibus obtuse trigonis riina biante per totam longi- 
tudinem percui'sa. 

R. libanotica, Boiss. Biagn. Ser. 1, vol. ii. p. 119; Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 19. 

R. imeretise, Sort., and R. castaneifolia, Hort. 

This is the Oriental representative of the South European 
Alpine Buckthorn, Bhamnus alpinus, a native of the Alps 
from Spain to Gallicia, and of Morocco and Algeria, and I 
am disposed to think a mere variety of that plant ; indeed 
Boissier, its author, mentions its close alliance to the western 
Alpine Buckthorn, giving as its diagnostic characters its 
being more pubescent and having the groove of the seed 
(which I have not seen) carried almost up to the top of 
that organ, instead of commencing below it. A better 
character might be found in the beautifully bronze colour 
of the old leaves, which characterizes the Kew cultivated 
specimens, but which is probably not constant ; for I do 
not remember having remarked it on the wild plant when 
I gathered it on the Lebanon in 1860. Other hardly dis- 
tinguishable forms are B. Sibthorpiana, DC, and B.fallaz, 
Boiss., both of the Greek mountains, and B. cornifolia, of 
Kurdistan and Persia. 

B. libanotica is a native of the Lebanon and Antilebanon, 
in the former of which it attains an elevation of 9000 feet ; 
it also inhabits the mountains of Paraphilia and the Cilician 

NOVEMBEE 1st, 1883. 

Taurus. It is perfectly hardy at Kew, and flowers in the 
month of June. The garden synonyms of B. imereticB and 
B. castaneifolia I have taken on the authority of Lavallee's 
valuable " Hortus Segrezianus," confirmed as to the former 
by the fact that the Kew specimens (here figured) came 
from Messrs. Booth of Hamburg in 1876 as R. imeretice. 
It is a female plant, now in bud, nearly six feet high, and 
has in late autumn a very handsome appearance. 

Descr. A ramous bush, four to six feet high ; branches 
erect or spreading, or the lower procumbent, stout, leafy, 
young shoots puberulous. Leaves two to nine inches long, 
shortly stoutly petioled, oblong ovate or almost orbicular, 
bright green above, bronzed beneath, acute or suddenly 
contracted at the tip into a short blunt point, coriaceous ; 
base rounded or subcordate; margin finely denticulate; 
nerves twelve to fifteen pair, stout, slightly curved ; young 
leaves softly pubescent on both surfaces ; petiole one-fourth 
to one-third of an inch long. Flowers in small axillary 
cymes, dioecious ; branches of cymes and calyces puberulous. 
Male flower broadly funnel-shaped. Calyx-lobes ovate, 
acute. Petals bifid, irregularly toothed, rather shorter than 
the stamens. Female flower more campanulate than the 
male apetalous. Calyx-lobes as in the male. Staminodes 
subulate. Ovary globose ; stigmas exserted.— J. D.H. . 

q S£'.i« MaIe fl °. We A (from Herbarium specimens); 2, petal and stamen of ditto ; 
3, female flower ; 4, the same laid open .— all enlarged. 

67 22. 


LUeeve & C° London 

Tab. 6722. 
TRITONIA Pottsii. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Ixie^. 
Genus Tbitonia, Ker; {Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 708.) 

Tbitonia (Montbretia) Pottsii ; rhizomate longe repente bulbos globosos segregates 
gerente, i'oliis 5-6 distichis linearibus vividibus, interioribus basalibus pedalibus 
vel sesquipedalibus, reliq'iis caulinis reductis segregatis, caule 3-4-pedali, 
paniculse laxae ramis spicatis ascendentibus multifloris, spathse valvis parvis 
membranaceis, perianthii crocei infundibularis segmentis oblongis tubo duplo 
brevioribus, staminibus inclasis, styli ramis brevibus cimeatis, fructu ovoideo 
obtuse angulato. 

T. Pottsii, Benth. in Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 708. 

Montbretia Pottsii, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1877, vol. viii. p. 424; Belg. Hort. 
1878, p. 90; Garden, 1880, p. 84, with coloured plate ; Gard. Chron. 1880, 
vol. ii. p. 525. 

Gladiolus Pottsii, Macnab in Hort. Edinen. 

This is one of the most interesting and valuable new 
bulbous plants that have been introduced of late years. 
It was brought into the Edinburgh Botanic Garden several 
years ago by Mr. G. H. Potts, of Lasswade, after whom it 
was named by the late Mr. Macnab, who distributed it 
freely. We do not know from what district in South Africa 
it came, and have never received at Kew any wild specimens. 
It flowers in August, and as it dies down to the ground 
in winter, it can easily be given all the protection it needs, 
and is practically hardy in our English climate. As one 
plant will produce fifty or a hundred flowers, and it will go 
on flowering for a month, it is a fine acquisition to our 
stock of bright-flowered hardy bulbs. Recently it has 
been hybridized by Monsieur Victor Lemoine, of Nancy, 
with its near ally Tritonia (Crocosma) aarea, figured Bot. 
Mag. tab. 4335, and a third fine plant is the result, which 
has been figured in the Belgique Horticole for 1881, tab. 14, 
under the name of Montbretia crocosmwflora. Our present 
plate was drawn from a plant that flowered at Kew in the 
summer of 1881. 

NOVEMCBR 1ST, 1883. 

Desce. Bulbs globose, connected by a long thread-like 
rhizome. (A detailed account of their organization will be 
found in the paper in the Gardener's Chronicle above cited.) 
Stems slender, erect, three or four feet long including the 
inflorescence, which reaches almost half-way down. Leaves 
about four in a distichous rosette at the base of the stem, 
linear, green, moderately firm in texture, a foot or a foot 
and a half long. Peduncle furnished with two or three 
leaves, similar to the others, but smaller. Panicle a foot or 
a foot and a half long, composed of three to five ascending 
branches, bearing twelve to twenty flowers each ; spathe of 
two small membranous valves, the outer lanceolate, the 
inner oblong, entire or obscurely emarginate at the tip. 
Perianth infundibuliform, bright deep yellow, more or less 
flushed on the outside with red, about an inch long, the 
oblong segments half as long as the tube. Stamens con- 
tiguous, inserted half-way up the perianth-tube, with anther 
and filament of about equal length. Style with three short 
cuneate branches. Capsule ovoid, obtuselv angled, many- 
seeded.—/. G. Baker. J ° J 

-i ~ g * f' ,V°- Wer CUt ° pen ' li f e ' size ' 2 . vertical section of ovary, enlarged, 


Vincent Broote D ay &. Son Imp 

Tab. 6723. 
ANGILECUM Scottianum. 

Native of the Comoro Islands, 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Tribe Vandeje. 
Genus Angbjecum, Thouars; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 583.) 

Angr jECTTM (Euangrgecum) Scottianum ; caulibus teretibus elongatis radicantibus, 
foliis elongatis subdistichis recurvis semi-cylindricis subacutis facie sulcatis, 
pedunculo 1-2-floro, floribus albis, sepalis petalisque consimilibus linearibus 
acutis, labello magno quadrato latiore quam longo antice retuso medio abrupte 
mucronato basi utrinque sulco semi-lunari notato dorso basi in calcar 4-poll. 
flexuosum flavo-brunneum producto, columna brevissima, polliniorum stipite 
oblongo-quadrato integro marginibus incurvis. 

A. Scottianum, Beichl. f. in Gard. Chron. 1878, vol. x. part 2, p. 557, et 1881, 
vol. xiv. part 2, p. 136, f . 30 ; Fl. Mag. N. S. t. 421. 

A remarkable species, allied to A. ehurneum in flower, 
but very different in foliage, which, though resembling that 
of species of several genera of Orchidete, is quite unlike that 
of any other Angrcecum. It is one of the many novelties 
for which Horticulturists are indebted to Sir John Kirk, 
who procured it from Johanna, one of the Comoro Islands, 
in 1878, and sent a sketch of the flower to Kew from a 
plant which flowered in his garden at Zanzibar. The flowers 
probably vary a good deal in colour, for Sir John, in his 
notes, describes the sepals as pale green, and the lip as 
having two yellow spots at its base. 

The species was named after Mr. R. Scott, of Cleveland, 
Walthamstow, with whom the plant flowered in 1879. Our 
drawing was made from specimens sent to the Royal 
Gardens by Sir John Kirk, which flowered at Kew in July, 

Desce. Stem one to two feet long, a fourth to a third of 
an inch in diameter, cylindric, terete, rigid, dark green, 
clothed with brown sheaths below, scandent by roots at 
the internodes. Leaves three to four inches long, sub- 
distichous, spreading and recurved, shortly sheathing at 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1883. 

the base, semi-cylindrical, subacute, dark green, under 
surface rounded, upper shelving from the margin to the 
deeply grooved mesial line, nerveless. Sheaths tubular, 
terete, appressed, mouth oblique. Flowers solitary or few 
on an axillary peduncle one to four inches long ; bracts 
small, lanceolate, appressed; pedicel and ovary one inch 
long. Sepals spreading, one to one and a quarter inch 
long by one-fourth of an inch broad, linear, acute, very 
pale straw-coloured or greenish, margins below the middle 
recurved. Petals rather smaller and narrower, acuminate, 
contracted at the base, white. Lip very large, transversely 
an oblong square with rounded angles, one and a half 
inches broad by one long, retuse in front with a short 
mucro, rather concave, surface even except two small 
semi-lunar depressions at the very base radiating from the 
base of the column; spur four to five inches long, pendulous, 
nexuous, yellow-brown. Column very short, white, two- 
winged anteriorly, wings rounded. Pollen-masses two, 
sessile on the top of an oblong stipes with incurved margins. 
— J. D. H, 

* Si' F1 ° W 7 ° f i he !\ atural si *e: 2, column and section of base of spur; 
eklarlTd Slde J 4 and 5 ' back and front view of Pollen-masses -.-all 




%'•■• • 

Jon Imp 

L Reeve Sc C° lon&m 

Tab. 6724. 

rosa alpina. 

Native of the Alps and Pyrenees. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rosens. 
Genus Rosa, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 625.) 

Rosa (Pimpinellifolife) alpina ; fruticosa, erecta, ramis gracilibus inermibus iuferne 
aculeis tenuissimis sparsis instructis, foliis patentibus opacis, stipulis planis 
cum petiolo et raclri glanduloso-ciliatis, foliolis 5-13 ellipticis ovatis v. oblongis 
utrinque acutis v. acuminatis duplicato-serratis subtus cassiis, floribus sub- 
solitariis roseis, pedunculis glanduloso-setosis, sepalis caudato-elongatis conni- 
ventibus apicibus quandoque dilatatis serratis, petalis obcordatis concavis, 
disco obsoleto, stigmatum capitulo vix exserto, fructu obovoideo saspe elougato 
rubro ltevi v. glanduloso-setoso. 

R. alpina, Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2, vol. i. p. 703 ; Jacq. FL Aust. vol. iii. p. 43, t, 279 ; 
DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 611 ; Sort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. iii. p. 265; Bedoute Les 
Poses, t. 113 ; Lindl. Pot. Peg. t. 424. 

R. alpina, var. vestita, Gren. et Godr. Flor. France, vol. i. p. 556. 

R. inermis, Mill. Gard. Diet. ed. 8, n. 6. 

R. pyrenaica, Gouan III. vol. iii. t. 19 ; Deseql. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Pelg. vol. xv. 
p. 288. 

This, which is one of the most elegant of the single 
Hoses, though introduced so long ago as 1683, is much less 
cultivated than it deserves to be. Lindley, who calls it the 
beautiful ornament of the Alps of Switzerland aild the 
temperate latitudes of Europe, regards it as the type of a 
small group of species with little affinity to each other, 
except in the circumstance of being almost universally 
deprived of prickles. Seringe, in De Candolle's Prodromus, 
enumerates sixteen varieties of it, differing chiefly in the 
amount of glandular hairs ; and it is that called pyrenaica, 
having the calyx and peduncles hispid, to which the form 
here figured is referable. It has a multitude of synonyms. 
Botanically it belongs to a section of the genus which con- 
tains the Hedge and Scotch roses (R. sejnum, B. spino- 
8U8ima, &c), characterized by the connivent permanent 
sepals, absence of disk in the flower, numerous leaflets, and 
usually the absence of bracts. 

NOVEMBEE ls^, 1883. 

u T ^ 6 T?™ en f ™ m which the % ure is taken was brought 
by Mr. Thiselton Dyer from the Pyrenees in 1881 It is a 
very dwarf form, the 22. pyrenaica of Gouan, with hispid 
sepals and elongate fruit. It flowers in June and July 

JDbsob. An almost unarmed shrub two to eight feet hirfi 
suberect, or with a few very slender straight prickles low 
down on the branches; branches suberect, slender, dark 
green, glaucous. Leaves crowded, two to five inches lomr 
stipules large, flat, widened upwards, glabrous or gland' 
cihate, and slightly bristly; petiole and rachis glandular; 
leaflets five to thirteen, opaque, elliptic or ovate, acuminate 
at both ends, simply or doubly serrate, naked above, 
glaucous beneath. Mowers two to two and a half inches 
in diameter, solitary, suberect; peduncle naked, bristly or 
glandular-hairy; calyx glabrous or glandular-bristly, tube 
obovoid very variable in length; sepals very long, narrowly 
lanceolate points dilated and serrate or simple, erect in 
truit. Fetals broadly obcordate, concave, pink or rose-red. 

pi v n ° ne ; ad f sti 2 mas convex > slightly exserted. 
^one to one and a half inches long, obovoid, pyriform 

bri£^d ' jTV T T than thG P ersiste ^ sepals, 



"■■fineent. Brooks 


I Reeve &. C° London 

Tab. 6725. 
FRITILLARIA pallidifloea. 

Native of Siberia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Tribe Tflipe.b. 
Genus Fbitillabia, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 817.) 

Fbitillabia (Monocodon) pallidiflora ; bulbo globoso subsquamosp, caule valido, 
foliia multis ecirrhosis, infimis oppositis oblongis, reliquis alternis, superioribus 
lanceolatis, floribus paucis pedunculatis cernuis, perianthio late campanulato 
pallide luteo segmentis late imbricatis oblongis vel obovato-oblongis ad faciem 
punctis pluribus minutis rubro-purpureia decoratis et supra basin foyeola 
globosa viridula prEeditis, genitalibus inclusis, antheris filamentis brevioribus, 
stylo conspicue tricuspidato, fructu acute angulato. 

F. pallidiflora, Schrenh Enum. PI. Nov. part 1, p. 5 ; Kunth Enum. vol. iv 
p 251; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. vol. iv. p. 148; Begel Gartenfl. vol. vi. (1857), 
p 329 t 209 ; Fl. Turkest. vol. i. p. 146 ; Rev. Sort. 1880, p. 215. 

This is a very distinct species of Fritillary. It inhabits 
the mountains of Southern Siberia, where it reaches an 
elevation of 8000 or 9000 feet above sea-level, so that it is 
quite hardy in England. It is allied to F. Meleagris and 
F.pyrenaica, but the leaves are more numerous and broader, 
and the flowers larger. In the wild state they are creamy 
yellow, with a few minute reddish-purple spots on the face ; 
but, as in many other species, they become greener m our 
insular climate. Our Plate was drawn from a plant grown 
in the herbaceous ground at Kew, from bulbs furnished by 
Dr. Kegel. We have also received it from Mr. Elwes and 
Dr. Masters. It flowers in April. 

Desce. Bulb globose, half an inch or an inch in diameter, 
subsquamose. Stems stout, erect, varying m length from 
six to fifteen inches. Leaves varying in number from eight 
to twenty-five, sessile, not cirrhose at the tip, farm m 
texture, glaucous-green, two or three inches long, lowest 
oblong, opposite, the rest alternate, the upper ones lanceo- 
late. Flowers one to six, produced from the axils of the 
upper leaves on cernuous peduncles. Perianth broadly 
kovembeb 1st, 1883. 

campanulate, about an inch and a half long, truncate at 
the base, cream-white, tinged with green on the outside, 
clotted over with minute reddish-purple spots inside- 
segments oblong or obovate-oblong, each furnished with a 
small roundish green glutinous foveole at the bend above 
tne claw. Stamens much shorter than the perianth: fila- 
ments linear, glabrous; anthers linear-oblong. Ovary 

Caltl I -T ^V 03 ^ st J le deeply tricuspidate 
Oapsule obovoid, with six winged angles.— J". G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Segment of perianth ; 2, a pair of stamen.,, both life-size. 


lit*] J N l-'itdilitti 

"VmceTil~Brool{sDay& Son Imp. 

■ j a &. C° Li 

Tab. 6726. 
EREMURUS eobustus. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliacej-:. — Tribe Asphodele^:. 
Genus Eeemueus, M, B. ; (Bent A. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 787.) 

Eeemueus (Hemringia) robust**; fibris radicalibus crassis cylindrieis, foliia 
basalibus pluribus rosulatis ensiformibus bipedalibus glabris flaccidis, scapo 
valido tereti 2-3-pedali, racemo densiusculo 2-3-pedali, pedicellis solitariis 
erecto-patentibus apice articulatis, bracteis parvis linearibus membranaceis, 
perianthii campaimlati rubelli segraentis oblongis nervo singulo perspicuo 
rubro-brunneo vittatis, filameutis filiformibus perianthio requilongis, anthens 
lineari-oblongis cito contortis, ovario globoso, stj'lo elongato decurvato. 

E. robustus, Regel in Gartenflora,vo\. xxii. (1873), p. 257, t. 769; Fl. Turkest. 
vol. i. p. 125 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xv. p. 281. 

Henningia robusta, Begel JEnum. PI. Semenow, p. 134, no. 1092. 

The genus Ercmurits, in which Henningia and Ammolivion 
are now included by common consent, is closely allied to 
Asphodelm. Upwards of twenty species are now known, 
which are concentrated in the dry regions of Central Asia, 
two of them just extending within the European boundary, 
and one to the Himalayas, but none, so far as at present 
known, to Japan or China. The present plant is unmistaka- 
bly the finest of the genus; its racemes reach a height ot 
five or six feet, and its flowers are a beautiful pinkish red. 
It was first discovered by the well-known Russian traveller, 
Semenow, growing at a height of 2000 to 3000 feet above 
sea-level in the Alatau mountains. Madame Olga h edjenko, 
one of whose original specimens we possess at Kew next 
found it at a height of 10,000 feet in Turkestan, and soon 
after it was collected at a much lower level in the same region 
by Korolkow. It was first flowered in Europe in the 
summer of 1871 at the Moscow Botanic Garden. Max 
Leichtlin succeeded with it at Carlsruhe m 187S. feome 
time ago Mr. W. E. Gumbleton brought to us at Kew a 
beautiful drawing of a plant that had flowered with him m 

decembeb 1st, 1883. 

County Cork. Our plate was drawn from a plant grown 
by Professor M. Foster, at Shelford, near Cambridge, last 

Desctc. Radical fibres numerous, cylindrical, fleshy. Leaves 
in a dense basal rosette, ensiform, glabrous, furnished with 
a narrow cartilaginous border, about two feet in length, 
one to two inches broad at the middle, pale green, weak 
in texture. Scape terete, erect, hollow, two or three 
feet long, half or three-quarters of an inch in diameter. 
Raceme erect, moderately dense, two or three feet long, 
four or five inches in diameter when expanded; pedicels 
solitary, erecto-patent, an inch or an inch and a half long, 
articulated at the apex; bracts linear, membranous, much 
shorter than the pedicels. Perianth campanulate, rotate 
when fully expanded ; segments oblong, bright pink, three- 
quarters of an inch long, with a distinct one-nerved reddish- 
brown keel. Filaments filiform, just as long as the perianth ; 
anthers linear- oblong, red before they open ; pollen bright 
yellow. Ovary sessile, globose ; style as long as the fila- 
ments, slender, deflexed. Capsule globose, smooth, the 
size of a cherry. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Stamens and pistil ; 2, front view of an anther ; 3, back view of an anther ; 
4, horizontal section of ovary -.—all more or less enlarged ; 5, unripe capsule, life 


L Reeve & Cf L« 

Tab. 6727. 

GENTIANA Mookcroftiana. 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane.e. — Tribe Sweeties. 
Genus Gentian a, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 815.) 

Gentiana (Amarella) Moorcroftiana; annua, caule erecto gracili a basi ramoso, 
ramis suberectis v. adscendentibus flexuosis laxe foliosis, foliis sessilibus oblongis 
lineari-oblongis ellipticisve obtusis v. subacutis enevviis, floribus solitariis v. in 
cymas laxifloras dispositis gracile pedicellatis, calycis tubo subeampanulato lobis 
Knearibus elongatis, corolla infundibulari ccerulea, fauce nuda, lobis ovatis 
Bubacutis, capsula lanceolata pedicellata inclusa, seminibus minutis subglobosis, 
testa lsevi. 

G. Moorcroftiana, Wall. Cat. 4390; Griseb. Gentian. 243, et in DC. Prodr. 
vol. ix. p. 96, excl. syn. ; Clarke in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 433, 
et in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 108. 

The Gentians of the Himalaya, of which there are no 
fewer than thirty-seven described species, many of them of 
extraordinary beauty, are, with scarcely an exception, 
strangers to European gardens. The only one hitherto 
figured in this Magazine is G. ornata (Plate 6514) ; for 
G. decumbens (Plates 705 and 723) and G. detonsa (Plate 
639), though also Himalayan, were both of them figured 
from specimens procured from other countries. A few 
hitherto unfigured are however in cultivation, thanks to 
the exertions of Mr. Elwes; and no doubt before many 
years are over a goodly number of species will adorn our 
rockworks and borders. My impression, however, is that 
beautiful as many of the Himalpyan species are, none 
compare with those of our own alps m brilliancy of blue. 
This may be due to the fact of these all flowering during 
the rains, which deluge the Indian mountains throughout 

the summer months. .-•/-» 

G. Moorcroftiana is a near ally of the British G. campestrvs, 
and like it is an annual. It is confined to the extreme 
west of the Himalaya, to Kashmir, Western Tibet, and the 
immediately neighbouring provinces, where it is common 

decembee 1st, 1883. 

at elevations of 8000 to 12,000 feet. The name it bears is 
that of Mr. William Moorcroft, a veterinary surgeon in the 
service of the Honourable East India Company, one of the 
earliest and boldest of Asiatic travellers, who visited 
Kashmir, Tibet, and Bokhara in the years 1819 to 1825, 
with the view of obtaining Turkestan horses wherewith to 
improve the Company's stud. Mr. Moorcroft was the 
first collector of Kashmir plants; and he contributed these 
to Dr. Wallich, who named and distributed them as part of 
his famous East Indian Herbarium. His end was untimely, 
falling a victim to fever in Bokhara, after enduring hard- 
ships and misfortunes of every description. 

The specimen here figured was raised from seeds sent by 
Robt. Ellis, Esq., from Chamba, a province close to Kashmir. 

JDlSOfi. A slender glabrous annual, four to ten inches 
high. Stem simple or branched from the root, the branches 
often again divided, flexuous, leafy. Leaves one to one 
and a half inch long, sessile, linear-oblong or elliptic, 
obtuse or subacute, nerveless. Flowers solitary at the ends 
of the branches, or in leafy cymes ; pedicels one-sixth to 
half an inch, slender. Calyx campanulate, tube obtusely 
angled, a fourth of an inch long; lobes linear, obtuse, 
longer than the tube, equalling the corolla-tube or shorter. 
Corolla three-quarters to one and a quarter inch long, 
funnel-shaped, pale blue ; throat naked and without folds ; 
lobes one-third of an inch long, ovate, subacute. Capsule 
linear, pedicelled, included. Seeds minute, subglobose, 
testa smooth. — J. D. TL 

Fig 1, Flower cut vertically; 2, front and back view of stamens; 3, anther; 
•1, pistil; o, transverse section of capsule :— alien larqed. 

6 18. 


□ kS Di: 


Tab. 672S. 

AERIDES Emericii. 

Native of the Andaman Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide-e. — Tribe Vandejs. 
Genus Aebides, Lour.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 576.) 

Aeeides Emericii; foliis elongatis loriformibus latiusculis crasse coriaceis apice 
bifidis lobis obtusis, racemo pendulo multifloro, rachi viscosa, floribus roseis 
longe pedicellatis, perianthio subgloboso segmentis incurris obtusissimis, 
sepalo dorsali late obovato rotundato, lateralibus majoribus late ovato-oblongis, 
petalis obovato-oblongia sepalo dorsali paullo majoribus, labello in calcar 
infundibuliforme crassum incurvum abeunte lobis lateralibus rotundatis erectis 
terminali parvulo linguseforme inter lobos laterales recondito incurvo. 

A. Emericii, Beichb.f. in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xviii. (1882, ii.), p. 586. 

As justly remarked by Dr. Reichenbach, Aerides Emericii 
is very closely allied to A. virens, Lindl. (Bot. Reg. 
vol. xxxvii. tab. 41), a native of Java, which differs chiefly 
in its much larger flowers, with toothed lobes to the lip, 
and in the colouring, which consists of dark purple blotches 
on the tips of the white sepals and petals, and of pale red- 
purple spots on the lip. The leaves are very similar both 
in size and in the lobed tip, and they are alike too in colour. 

A. Emericii was found in the Andamam Islands, on the 
east side of the Bay of Bengal, by Lieut. -Col. Emeric 
Berkeley (son of the veteran botanist and horticulturist, 
the Rev. M. J. Berkeley), by whom the specimen here 
figured was flowered in May last, and kindly communicated 
for figuring. It presents the remarkable character of a 
glutinous secretion along the rachis of the raceme, the 
object of which may possibly be to prevent ants or other 
phytophagous insects from attacking the flowers. 

Descr. Stem stout, short, six to eight inches long, leafy ; 
aerial roots very stout, one-fourth of an inch in diameter 
and under. Leaves distichous, nearly a foot long and 
under, by one to one and a half inch broad, exactly linear, 
nearly flat, coriaceous, nerveless, keeled, pale green, tip 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1883. 

deeply bifid, lobes obtuse, sinus acute. Raceme axillary, 
five to six inches long-, drooping, shortly peduncled; peduncle 
and rachis green, the latter viscid. Flowers very numerous, 
half an inch in diameter, ascending from the pendulous 
rachis, pale pink with darker tips to the perianth-segments, 
and purple mid-lobe of the lip ; bracts minute ; pedicels 
and ovary together one inch long, slender, slightly curved, 
pink. Perianth-segments short, incurved, all with rounded 
tips. Upper sepal obovate-oblong, lateral much broader, 
more ovate. Petals obovate-oblong, rather larger than the 
dorsal sepal. Lip adnate to the produced base of the 
column, funnel-shaped, thus passing into the stout obtuse 
incurved spur; lateral lobes large, erect, rounded, quite 
entire; median one very small, tongue-shaped, incurved 
and almost concealed between the lateral lobes. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side view of column and lip ; 2, front view of column ; 3 and 4, pollinia 
with stalk and gland : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6729. 
Native of Indian Gardens. 

Nat. Ord. Papatehaces. — Tribe Eupapavebace.*:. 
Genus Papayer, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 51.) 

Papaver HooJceri ; elata, robusta, ramosa, patentim hispida, foliis lanceolatis 
ovatisve pinnatifidim lobatis lobis adscendentibus acutis, floribus amplis 
coccineis, petalis basi albis v. nigris, filamentis filiformibua, capsula subglobosa 
brevissime stipitata glaberrima, stigmatis planiuscnli radiis 12-20 crenis 
marginalibus rotundatis incumbentibus. 

P. Hookeri, Baker in Sort. Kew. 

The plant here figured has puzzled me very much. I 
found it to be common in gardens in India, both native 
and European, but I know of no native locality for it. 
Supposing it to have been some well-known garden species, 
and introduced from Europe or elsewhere, no notice was 
taken of it in the "Flora Indica," or in the "Flora of 
British India." Specimens are in the Kew Herbarium, col- 
lected in the Saharumpore Gardens by Thomson, in those 
of Scinde by Stocks, and by myself in those of Bengal. Its 
nearest ally is obviously P. Rhoeas, from which it differs in 
its great size, for it forms a bushy herb four feet high and 
upwards, and in the great number of stigmatic rays, which 
are twelve to twenty, that is nearly double those of P, 
Rhojas ; the flowers, capsule, and seeds also are much 
larger, and the stigma broader in proportion. The flowers 
attain three and a half inches in diameter, and the capsule 
three-quarters of an inch. The petals vary from pale rose 
to bright crimson, with a white or black spot at the base. 

Whether to be regarded as a species, or as a large 
cultivated form of P. Bhoeas, this is a most valuable addi- 
tion to our gardens, being perfectly hardy, and single 
plants flowering continuously in Autumn for several weeks. 
It was raised from seeds sent by Mr. J. Beck, of Kashmir 
(formerly of Kew), and which were collected by Mr. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1883. 

Dalgleish during a journey from Kashmir to Yarkand, in 
Central Asia. The collection consisted largely of seeds of 
cultivated plants. 

Descr. A branching annual herb, three to four feet 
high, covered with hispid spreading hairs. Stem as thick 
as the little finger at the base ; branches erect and ascending, 
flowering copiously. Leaves three to five inches long, 
sessile, ovate or lanceolate, irregularly pinnatifidly lobed, 
the lobes erect, coarsely toothed. Flowers long-peduncled, 
two to three and a half inches in diameter; buds before 
expansion one inch long. Petals broadly wedge-shaped, 
one pair smaller than the other, crenulate, from pale rose 
to bright crimson, with a diffused white or blue-black 
blotch at the base. Filaments filiform, about equalling the 
pistil. Capsule one-half to three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter, subglobose, very shortly stipitate, quite glabrous ; 
stigma very broad, with twelve to twenty rays and rounded 
crenatures, the latter of which overlap. — J. B. H. 

¥\g. 1, Capsule of the natural size. 



Vincent Brocks Day &SonImp 

L Re eve &.C.? London 

Tab. 6730. 
MEDINILLA Cubtibii. 

Native of Western Sumatra, 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace2E.— Tribe MEDiNiLLEiE. 
Genus Medinilla, Gaud.; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 769.) 

Medinilla Curtisii; glaberrima, caule gracili, ramulis pendulis cybndraceis 
obscure tuberculatis, foliis sessilibus ovatis ovato-oblon-isve acuminata fete 
viridibus mamnibns costaque rubris, nervis secundarns tenuissimis patentibns, 
cymis terminalibus tricbotomis pyramidatis pendulis pedunculitis , pedunculo 
ramie patentibus divaricatis pedieellisque corallinis, brackets parvis, flonbus ad 
apices raraulorum confertis calyce subgloboso albo Umbo truncate obscure 
dentato, petalis 5-6 orbiculatis concavis eburneis, filamentis subulatis, anthens 

M. Curtisii, nob. in Sort. Fetich ; Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xx. p. 621, f. 108. 

The species of Medinilla are numerous, and few have as 
yet been introduced into cultivation, though probably all 
merit a place in our stoves. Upwards of fifty have been 
described, including the three gorgeous species Jf. speewsa 
(Plate 4321), M. magnified (Plate 4533), and M. amabihs 
(Plate 6681), and the more modest M. javanensis {VMe 
4569) and M. Sieboldiana (Plate 4650). From all these 
the present plant differs in its graceful habit, and ivory- 
white flowers with purple anthers. 

M. Curtisii is a native of the Western Coast of Sumatra, 
where it was discovered by Mr. Curtis when travelling for 
Messrs. Veitch, who in March last sent the > plant to me 
for figuring, with the request that it might bear the name 

of its discoverer. , . •v„ rt „- 41 i_ 

Desok. A shrub, branches slender, cylmdnc obscmely 
warted, branchlets pendulous. Leaves three to three and 
Thalf inches long, sessile, oblong or ovate-ob ong, ac.nn, 
nate base rounded or subcordate, three-nerved, tnmlj 
coriaceous bright green with a scarlet midrib and margins, 
%£&£&* ^slende, ; ^^^^^ 
pendulous; peduncle two to four inches long bracts 
mTnute at the bases of the divaricate branches, the lower 

dkcemukr 1st, 1883. 

of which are one to two inches long and horizontal, flowering 
near the tips only; pedicels a quarter of an inch and upwards, 
minutely bracteolate ; peduncle, rachis and pedicels coral- 
red. Flowers white, one-half to two-thirds of an inch in 
diameter. Galyx white, globose, fleshy ; limb short, trun- 
cate, obscurely five-toothed. Petals nearly orbicular, con- 
cave, imbricate, ivory-white. Anthers purple. — J. B. H. 


1, Calyx ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, vertical section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


To Vol. XXXIX. of the Thibd Sebibs, or Vol. CLX. 
of the whole Work. 


Acer insigne. 


Hoya linearis. 


Aerides Emericii. 


Jasminum floridum. 


Allium Macleanii. 


Kniphofia Leichtlinii 


Aloe pratensis. 


La;lia monophylla. 


Angraicum modestum. 


Leucoium hyemale. 


Angraecum Scottianum. 


Licuala grand is. 


Aster diplostephioides. 


Medinilla amabilis. 


Babiana ringens. 


Medinilla Curtisii. 


Billbergia Porteana. 


Microglossa albescens. 


Bomarea patacocensis. 


Microstylis metallica. 


Cadia Ellisiana. 


Nemastylis acuta. 


Campanula Jacoba^a. 


Nympba3a odorata, var. minor 


Caraguata musaica. 

floribus roseis. 


Cephselis tomentosa. 


Papaver Hookeri. 


Cereus caespitosus. 


Pleuropetalum costaricense. 


Clerodendron macrosipbon. 


Pogonia Gammieana. 


Coinparettia macroplectron. 


Primula floribunda. 


Crinum Hildebrandtii. 


Pseudodracontium Lacourii. 


Daedalacantbus macrophyllus. 


Rhamnus libanotica. 


Dendrobium cariniferum, var. 


Rodgersia podophylla. 



Rosa alpina. 


Dendrobium revolutum. 


Salvia boliviana. 


Doryanthes Palmeri. 


Sarmienta repens. 


Eranthemum borneense. 


Saxifraga cortusifolia. 


Eremurus robustus. 


Saxifraga lingulata, var. 


Eucbaris Sanderii. 



Fraxinus Mariesii. 


Saxifraga marginata. 


Fritillaria pallidillora. 


Senecio concolor. 


Gentiana Moorcroftiana. 


Spiranthes euphlebia. 


Gerrardanthus tomentosus. 


Thunbergia KirkiL 


Glyphosperma Palmeri. 


Torenia flava. 


Gypsophila cerastioides. 


Tritonia Pottsii. 


Grevillea annulifera. 


Tulipa Kolpakowskyana. 


Grevillea punieoa, Br. 


Utricidaria biiida. 


Ilatnainelis virginiana.