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IJIants of tht l\o)mi &arfcen* of l\t\x>, 




FE.S, F.L.S , etc., 


VOL. XL. & 

(Or Vol. CX. of the Whole Work.) 

" There sprang the violet all new, 
And fresh pervinke rich of hew, 
And flowres yellow, white and rede. 
Such plenty grew there never in medo." — Chaccicr. 



[All rights rescrve>5.~\ 

Mo. Bot. ( 






JOHN BALL, ESQ., M.A., F.R.S., F.L.8., 

&c, &c. 

My dear Ball, 

As one who has laid both Botanists and Horticul- 
turists under lasting obligations by your travels and your 
writings, and especially by your published works on the 
vegetation of the Alps and of the Atlas, I hope you will 
accept the dedication of a volume of the Botanical Magazine. 
Allow me at the same time to record my grateful sense of 
the interest you have always shown in the establishment of 
Kew, and of that personal friendship which has known no 
break during many years of active scientific intercourse, 
and many months of foreign travel. 

Believe me, my dear Ball, 

Most sincerely yours, 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 
December 1st, 1884. 

FIS731.,Jl> T .Piidi,hth 

Vincent Brooks Eay&bon Itttj 

L'Reeve k C°- London. 

Tab. 6731, 
DECAISNEA insignis. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Bebbeiudi^e. — Tribe Lardizabaleje. 
Genus Decaisnea, Hook.f. et Tkoms.; [Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 42.) 

Decaisnea insignis ; frutex erectus glaberriraus polygamo-dioiciua, caulibus strictis 
purum divisis rarais apices versus i'oiiosis, ioiiis eiongatis impari-pinnatis 
petiolo terete graoili, foholis petiololatis ovatis v. elliptioo-1 moeolatia acuminata* 
integerrimis subtus glaueis, raoemis eloogatia patentibas, Horibaa pendalii 
viridibus, sepalis (! laneeolatis acuminatis, pctalis l>, il. g t stamiuibus (5 
filamentis in columnam elongatana oonaatis, aatheria adnatia connective) in 
proceasum rostratom ereotam producto, fl. £ carpeiiia 3 basi itaminibaa <> 
imperfect is liberie stipatis, fruotus oarpellia 3 cjlindraoeis pateuti-recurvis 
rugosis earnosis polyspermis. 

D. insignis, Hook, f. et Thorns, in Proc. Linn. Soc. 1854, et in Fl. Ind. vol. i. 
p. 213 ; llooh.f. III. Him. PI. t. 10, et in Fl. Brit. Jnd. vol. i. p. 107. 

Sbackia insignis, Griff. Itin. Notes, 187 (n. 977). 

The subject of the present plate is one of the most 
remarkable of Indian botanical discoveries, both in structure 
and appearance, and is further notable as yielding an edible 
fruit. With the habit of an Araliaceous plant, it exhibits 
the characters of the tribes Berber em and Lardizabalece, 
whilst differing from both in several important points. 
That its nearest affinity is with Lardizabalece is shown by 
its unisexual flowers, monadelphous stamens with anthers 
opening by longitudinal slits, its three carpels and many 
seeds ; whilst it differs from all others of the tribe in its 
erect habit, racemose inflorescence, pinnate leaves, and 
from most of them in the placentation being sutural. 
Amongst Berberew the habit recalls the Mahonia section of 
Berberis, with this difference, that the wood of Decaisnea 
is singularly soft and brittle, and the leaves herbaceous 
and deciduous, both petiole and leaflets being jointed at 
the base. 

Decaisnea is a native of the humid forests of Sikkim and 
Bhotan, at elevations of 7000 to 9000 feet above the sea ; 
it was discovered in 1838 in the former country by Griffith, 

JANUAKY 1ST, 1884. 

who in his MS. Itinerary Notes proposed for it the name 
of Slackia, after an eminent microscopist. This name, 
however, Griffith did not himself publish for Decaisnea (his 
"Itinerary Notes" having been posthumously edited), and 
in 1845 he gave the same name to a genus of Palms, which 
he published in the " Calcutta Journal of Natural History" 
(vol. v. p. 468), and which was further described and figured 
in his posthumous " Palms of British India." The Palm 
genus Slaclaa has, however, been lately determined by me 
to be identical with Iquanura of Blume, and the question 
is, whether Slaclaa should not now be reverted to for 
lectisnea. I think not ; (1) because Griffith himself not 
only never published it, but abandoned it for that plant and 
gave it to another ; (2) because if he had lived and pub- 
lished his Itinerary Notes, he would assuredly have expunged 
the name Slaclaa therefrom; and (3) because his whole 
description, " Frutex caulibus simplicibus robustis foliis 
pinnatis subtus glaucis carnosis, racemis pendulis, floribus 
e viridi luteis, perianth, acuminatiss.," is wholly insufficient 
to establish a genus upon, or without the aid of the number 
referring to his herbarium, to identify the plant by. Con- 
sidering; further that the name Decaisnea is that of a 
botanist w T hose essay on the tribe to which it belongs — the 
Ltirdizabalece — is a classical work, I have no hesitation in 
retaining it, and shall look out for another Indian genus 
whereby to commemorate Mr. Slack's services to microscopy. 
The figure here given is taken from a plant five feet high, 
growing in the Temperate House at Kew, raised by Mr. 
Max Leichtlin, of Baden (who presented the young plant 
to Kew), from seed sent by Mr. Gammie from Sikkim. It 
flowered in May of the present year for the first time, and 
proved to be a male plant. 

Desok. Trunk or trunks, for sometimes several spring 
from the ground from a common root, six to ten feet high, 
as thick as the arm, very brittle ; bark pale, covered with 
lenticels, pith very large ; branches few, subterminal, erect. 
Leaves terminal on the branches, two to three feet long, 
horizontal; petiole slender, terete, jointed on the stem; 
leaflets many pairs, four to six inches long, petiolulate, 
ovate or elliptic acuminate, green above, glaucous beneath, 
thin (not fleshy as described by Griffith). Racemes terminal 
and axillary, a foot long, horizontal, many-flowered. Flowers 
drooping, green, one inch long, on slender pedicels as long 

as themselves; bracts subulate, minute. Perianth cam- 
panulate ; segments lanceolate, acuminate. Male flower : 
stamens six, filaments united into a cylindric column bearing 
the adnate two-celled anthers at the tip; anther-cells 
oblong, disconnected, bursting by dorsal slits, connective 
produced into a long erect subulate horn. Female flower : 
carpels three, erect, linear, cylindric, with discoid sessile 
stigmas, surrounded at the base by six subsessile abortive 
free anthers; ovules many, two-seriate on the ventral 
suture. Ripe carpels three, three to four inches long by 
one to one and a half in diameter, cylindric, spreading and 
recurved, golden yellow, fleshy, full of white sweet pulp ; 
pericarp fleshy, with yellow juice, coarsely granulate ex- 
ternally. Seeds numerous, two-seriate, suborbicular or 
oblong, flattened, one-half to three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter ; testa hard, brown, shining ; embryo minute, in 
horny albumen. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, reduced; 2, flowering (<?) branch; 3, portion of leaf; 
4, bud scale ; 5, staminal column ; 6, anther ; 7, carpels and abortive stamens of? ;' 
8, fruit ; 9, seed ; 10, albumen and embryo ; 11, embryo removed -.—all but figs. 2, 
3, 4, 8, and 9, enlarged. (Figures of female flower, seeds, and fruit, from 111 
Himal. Pi.) 


Son Lud 

Tab. 6732. 
primula peolifera. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya, Khasia Mountains, and Java. 

Nat. Ord. Pkimttlace-s:. — Tribe Pkimule^:. 
Genus Pbimttla, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 631.) 

Pbimttla prolifera ; elata, infloreseentia farinosa, foliis elongato-obovatis obtusis 
denticulatis rugosis efarinosis glabris v. subtus puberulis, scapo gracili foliis 
mulro longiore, floribus verticillatis verticillis superpositis multifloris, braoteis 
lanceolatis v. infimis elongatis, calycistubo bemispherico lobis brevibus triangu- 
laribus v. subulatis, corollse aurese tubo calyee longiore ore annulato, limbi 
lobis obcordatis planiusculis, capsula globosa calyce inclusa. 

P. prolifera, Wall, in Asiat. Research, vol. siii. p. 372, t. 3, et in Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
.Ed. Carey and Wall. vol. ii. p. 18; Duby in DC Prodr. vol. viii. p. 'M; 
Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 81 ; Zoll. in Nat. En. Gen. Arch. vol. ii. p 8 ; 
Zoll. et Morr. Syst. Veg. p. 44; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 489. 

P. imperialis, Jungh. in. Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. vol. vii. p. 298 ; Aliquel Fl. Ind. 

Bat. vol. ii. p. 1001. 
Cankeienia chrysantha, De Vriese in JaarboeJc der Maatch. van Tuinboic, 1850, 

p. 30 (cum ic. in Flore des Serres, vol. v. p. 50 iterata) ; Plant. Jungh. 

vol. i. p. 86. 

The introduction into cultivation of this fine primrose 
had long been regarded as a desideratum ; and it occurred 
in a very unexpected way, by the announcement from my 
friend, Isaac Anderson Henry, that he had a living plant 
of it in his garden, with the information that it was raised 
from seeds sent to him from a great elevation in the Sikkim 
Himalaya by Mr. Elwes. Now, seeing that the only Indian 
habitat for this plant previously known was the Khasia 
Mountains of E. Bengal, at an elevation of only 4000 to 
6000 feet, I could (knowing his accuracy) only accept Mr. 
Anderson Henry's statement with wonder. Shortly after- 
wards, however, when revising some very imperfect speci- 
mens of Primulas collected in India, and which I had been 
unable satisfactorily to determine when describing the 
genus in the "Flora of British India," I encountered a 
solitary fruiting example of this plant gathered by myself 
in the Lachen valley, far in the interior of Sikkim, in the 
year 1849, at an elevation of 12,000 feet ; and more recently 
I have received specimens collected at Jongri and Yakla, 
altitudes 13,000 and 16,000 feet, by Mr. Clarke, both in 
the interior of Sikkim, thus tending to confirm Mr. Anderson 

JANUARY 1st, 1884. 

Henry's history of his specimen. The latter he most kindly 
sent up for figuring in June last, and having planted it on1 

in a border by a house-wall at K.w, it throve well, con- 
tinuing to flower and mature a ft till August, when 
it was taken up and returned uninjured to its owner, with 
grateful acknowledgments. This then is a remarkable 
case of a plant occurring in remote and isolated areas, at 
great differences of elevation. In Java P. prolifera inhabits 
the tops of the loftiest mountains at 8000 to 9000 feet ; 
and I can find no difference between the Javan and Indian 
plants, except that the bracts of the lower whorl of flower-; 
become usually elongate and foliaceous in Java ; a tendency 
to which I find in the Khasian specimens, but not in the 
same degree. The position of the stamens in the tube of 
the corolla, and the length of the latter, both vary greatly. 

The genus Cankrienia was founded by De Vriese on a 
mistaken view of the fruit, and is now abandoned. The 
foliage is by far the largest of any Primula, thai of both 
Khasian and Javan examples attaining eighteen inches in 
length and five in breadth ; the Sikkim ones are always 

Descr. Bootstoch stout; leaf-buds mealy, with straw- 
coloured powder, like that of the inflorescence. J^i-urr* six 
to sixteen inches long by one to three broad, narrowly 
obovate-oblong, contracted into a broad or rather slender 
but winged petiole, obtuse, wrinkled, irregularly toothed 
or nearly entire, glabrous or puberulons beneath. Scape 
six to twenty inches high, sometimes as thick as a go> 
quill, strict, erect, with two to six superposed rather distant 
whorls of faintly sweet-scented flowers ; bracts small, lan- 
ceolate, or of the lowest flowers elongate linear-lanceolate 
spreading and recurved; pedicels one-third to one inch 
long. Calyx hemispheric; lobes triangular, or subulate 
in small forms. Corolla pale golden yellow, tube much 
longer than the calyx, a quarter to half an inch long, 
cylindric ; limbs three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; 
lobes spreading, obcordate, mouth more or less annulate. 
Anthers small, oblong. Ovary globose ; style slender, stigma 
capitate. Capsule globose, hardly exceeding the calyx; 
crown horny, with five split valves. Seeds granulate. — 
J. D. E. 6 

Fig. 1, Calyx an J pistil,- 2, corolla laid open; 3, pistil; 4, ripe fruit:— all 

/•/ a 


Wncent B i 

i,T?PPVP X, fOT^-J. 

Tab. 6733. 
lotus peliobhtnchus. 

Native of Teneriffe. 

Nat. Ord. Legumixos^:. — Tribe Lotm. 
Genus Lotus, Linn. ; (Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 490.) 

Lotus peliorhynchus ; fruticulus cano-sericeus, ramosissimus, ramis gracilibus 
decurvis, ramulis filit'ormibus, foliis sessilibus, foliolis filiforniibus, floribus 
axilhiribus solitariis binisve breviter pedicellatis, calycis sericei curvi ad medium 
5-fidi lobis lanceolatis aouminatis falcatis sinubus acutis, corolla? coocinetti vexillo 
oorniforme abrupte uneinatim recurvo, alis longioribus dimidiato -lanceolatis 
subacutis, carina alis longiore longe rostrato incurvo. 

IIeinekenia peliorhynolia, Webb MSS. in Bourg. Plant. Canariens, n. 805 ; et 
in Bourgeau Plant, itin. secund. a. 1319 {Jleinchenia). 

Pedeosia Bertbelotii, Lowe MSS. 

The Canary Islands are remarkable for the number and 
variety of the endemic species of Lotus which they contain, 
and of these none is to compare with the subject of the 
present plate for singularity or beauty. It is also an ex- 
ceedingly rare plant. Accompanying a specimen given by 
M. Berthelot (the companion of Webb in his exploration of 
the Canaries, and joint author of the History of the Islands) 
to the Baron de Pavia, and now in the Herbarium at Kew 
(formerly in that of the Eev. R. T. Lowe), I find the 
following memorandum in French : — " This curious species, 
commonly called Pico de Paloma (Pigeon's beak), grows 
exclusively in Teneriffe, in the great ravine of Taniadava, 
on the most precipitous rocks. My lamented friend P. B. 
Webb recommended me earnestly to search for this plant, 
of which we had been shown a very small specimen in 
1828. At last I have procured a specimen, but too late for 
my friend to receive it ! it is this that I offer to my worthy 
friend Castallo de Pavia." To this specimen Mr. Lowe 
had attached the name " Pedrosia Berthelotii, Lowe (Hehi- 
chenia pelioi-hyacha, Webb MSS.)," a name by which it 
seems to be known in Teneriffe, but which I nowhere find 

jaxuaby 1st, 1854. 

published. I would gladly adopt it, were it just to abandon 
that given by Webb, and circulated on two occasions in 
printed slips, with number and locality attached. 

For seeds of this singular and beautiful plant the B 
Gardens are indebted to Mr. Wildpret, of the Orotava 
Botanical Gardens, TenerifFe, which were received in 1881, 
and the plants flowered in a cool greenhouse in May of ! 

Desce. A small excessively branched slender bush, 
clothed with appressed very short silky pubescence, giving 
it a silvery hue. Branches decurved, woody, slender; 
branchlets divaricate, filiform, leafy. L a >■■ 8 rather crowded, 
spreading, sessile; leaflets two-thirds to three-fourths of an 
inch long, filiform. Flowers one and a half inch long, 
axillary, loosely crowded on short shoots towards the ends 
of the branches, solitary or two together, very shortly 
pedicelled. Calyx three-fourths of an inch long, 
silky, tube subcampanulate, five-angled, cleft to the middle 
into five ovate-lanceolate acuminate falcate lobes, of which 
the two upper are much the largest. Corolla scarlet. 
Standard narrowly lanceolate, sharply recurved like a horn. 
Wings shortly clawed, much broader and rather longer than 
the standard, dimidiate-lanceolate, subacute, cordate at the 
claw; keel longer than the wings, incurved, narrowed to a 
long point. Staminal tube long, slender ; free portions of 
the filaments capillary, five longer as long as the tube, four 
shorter half as long. Style unequally cleft into two subu- 
late arms. — J. I). II. 

Fig. 1, Portion o£ branch and leaves ; 2, calyx ; 3, corolla ; 4, stamens ; 5, style 
arms : — all enlarged. 


L Reeve &. C° 

Tab. 6734. 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Dipsace-E. 
Geuus Moeina, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 158.) 

Mobina erecta; elata, superne pubescens v. toraentosa, foliis longe spinosis 
radicalibus anguste lineari-oblanceolatis in petiolum subangustatis, caulinis 
3-4-verticillat:s sessilibus, involucello villoso, calycis lobis subasqualibus 2-fidis 
lobulis pungetitibus, corolla? flavse pubescentis tubo gracillimo, staminibus 
perfectis 2 corollas lobis brevioribus. 

M.Coulteriana, Boyle III. PI. Himal. 245; Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. 
p. 217. 

M. breviflora, Edgew. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xx. p. 62. 

The only species of Morina. hitherto figured in this 
Magazine is the M. hngifolia, Wall., Plate 4092, a very 
handsome plant, with bright rose-coloured flowers edged 
with white, and black anthers ; it is a common plant 
throughout the whole length of the Himalaya. The present 
species is much more restricted in its range, extending only 
from Garwhal to Kashmir, where it inhabits high elevations, 
9,000 to 13,000 feet ; it, however, extends westwards into 
Affghanistan, having been gathered in the Kurrum valley 
by Dr. Aitchison ; and to the northwards in Kashgar. 
The flowers vary considerably in length, but not in other 
characters ; those with short corolla- tubes (about half of an 
inch long) gave rise to the M. breviflora, Edgew. ; the 
longest flowers I have seen are those of specimens from 

The first cultivated specimens of this Morina were raised 
by Mr. Isaac Anderson Henry, who sent a flowering 
specimen to Kew in 1880. The plant from which the 
plate here given was made, was raised from seed sent by 
Dr. Aitchison from Affghanistan, and which flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in August, 1883. There are some very 
fine species of Morina still to be introduced from the 

JA5UABY 1st, 1884. 

Himalaya, especially the M. betonit Benth., of Sikkim, 

which has pale purple flowers; and M. polfphyUa, Wall., 

which has whorls of many leaves. 

Dksck. Glabrous below, above pubescent or laxly tomen- 
tose. Root stout, fusiform. Stem six to eighteen inches 
high, stout, simple, grooved, leafy. Badi Four to 

twelve inches long, by one-half to one inch broad ; narrowed 
more or less into a petiole, margin sinuate-toot bed, s pi nous- 
pointed, the teeth ending in rigid horizontal yellow spines, 
which are often as long as the leaf is broad, but sometimes 
small and slender; cauline three or rarely four in a whorl, 
sessile, connate at the base, spreading or recurved. Spikes 
interrupted, two to six inches long; bracts one to two 
inches long, very rigid, connate into a broad cup, rigidly 
spinous. Involucel cylindric, truncate, woolly, mouth with 
many short and two much longer unequal spinous teeth. 
Calyx and ovary about half an inch long, green, woolly or 
glabrate, calyx-tube about as long as the subequal bifid 
lobes with spinescent tips. Corolla from half h to an 

inch and a quarter long, sparsely villous with long hairs, 
pale rather greenish yellow, tube very slender, curved; lol 
oblong retuse; throat hardly dilated. Stamens two, 
reaching about half the length of the corolla-lobes ; filam< 
hairy near the top at the back; anthers oblong, yellow, 
cells unequal. Seeds furrowed in front. — J. Jj. U. 

Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of flower; 2, involucel; 3, ovary and ealvx ■ 
4, stamens ; 5 top of style and stigma; 6, transverse section of involucel, pericarp, 
and seed : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6735. 
phacelia campanularia. 

Native of Southern California. 

Nat. Ord. Htdeophtllace^:. — Tribe Phacelie^:. 
Genus Phacelia, Juss; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 827.) 

Phacelia (Whitlavia) campanularia ; glanduloso- pubescens v. -hirsuta, foliis 
omnibus longe petiolatis inferioribus orbiculari-ovatis cordatisve obtusis sinuato- 
crenatis, racemis simplicibus laxifloris, calycis segmentis linearibus obtusis, 
corollse campanulatas violacese tubo £-pollicari lobis vix duplo longiore, fauce 
maculis 5 oblongis albis denum flavis notata, filamentis longe exsertis squamis 
glabris parvis subquadratis, stylo 2-fido rarais elongatis capillaribus, ovario 
toruentoso apice barbato, ovulis numerosis. 

P. campanularia, A. Gray, Synopt. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. part 1, p. 164, et in Bot. 
Calif, vol. ii. p. 467 ; Rolfe in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xvii. p. 51, and vol. xx 
p. 135, f. 22. 

A near ally of the beautiful Whitlavia grandiflora, Harv., 
Plate 4813 (Phacelia Whitlavia, A. Gray), with smaller 
flowers, but of even a more brilliant blue, rivalling those of 
the most admired Gentians. It is a native of San Bernardino 
and San Diego countries in Southern California, countries 
swarming with species of the genus which, including Eutoca, 
Whitlavia, and others, now numbers fifty-seven species, 
natives for the most part of the Western United States. 

P. campanularia was raised by Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, 
who kindly forwarded to Kew specimens for figuring in 
this work. It flowered in the open border in July, 1882. 

Desce. A glandular-pubescent annual, six to ten inches 
high, varying much in pubescence, branched from the base ; 
branches rather stout, succulent, brown. Leaves long- 
petioled, all subsimilar, one to two inches long, rounded 
ovate or cordate, obtuse, coarsely sinuate-crenate, hairy 
on both surfaces; petiole as long as the blade, stout. 
Cymes simple, terminal, lax-flowered. Floiuers pedicelled, 
one to one and a quarter inch in diameter. Calyx-segments 
linear, obtuse, hairy and glandular, shorter than the corolla- 
tube. Corolla exactly campaimlate, deep bright blue 

JANUAEY 1ST, 1884. 

within, pale without, throat with five small oblong while 
spots within opposite the sinus, which turn yellow in age ; 
lobes rounded, short, spreading and recurved far 

exserted, filaments very slender, glabrous, with a -mall 
square glabrous scale at the base of each in front; anthers 
small, oblong. Ovary pubescent, bearded at the top, cells 
many-ovuled ; style capillary with two Ions: capillary arms 
—J.D.H. J 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, base of corolla laid open, showing bases of filaments an i 
3 and 4, anthers ; 5, ovary ; 6. transverse section of the same ; 7. roans 
all enlarged. 

mceutBrooks Davi Son. Imp 

Tab. 6736. 
NYMPHiEA alba var. rubra. 
Native of Sweden. 

Nat. Ord. XYMPHajACE^;. — Tribe rNYMPH-EiE. 
Genus Nvhphjea, Linn; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 10.) 

Nymphjea alba, Linn. Sp. PI. n. 729; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p, 115; Caspary in 
App. Lnd. Iiort. Berol. 1855. 

Var. sphcerocarpa-rubra ; florlbus roseis, fructu subgloboso. 

N. alba (spbierocarpa) rubra, Caspar}/ in Bot. Zeit. 1871, p. 871; Lonnroik in 
Bot. Not. 1856, p. 121; Herb. Norm. vol. xvi. p. 32; Liebm. et Lange in 
PI. Dan. Sujopl. fasc. iii. p. 7, t. 111. 

N. alba var. rosea, Masters in Gard. Citron. 1878. 

N. sphcerocarpa var. rubra, Duehartre in Journ. Soc. BTort. 1877, p. 817. 

N. Caspary, Carriere Rev. Sortie. 1879, p. 230, cum ic. pict. 

At Plate 6708 was figured and described the rose-coloured 
variety of the American White Water Lily (N. odorata, 
var. minor, floribus roseiv), which in point of both size 
and brilliancy of colour falls far behind the subject of 
the present plate, which has of late attracted more 
attention by far amongst horticulturists, due to its larger 
size and the more vivid colour of its flowers. Hitherto 
only one native locality is known for it, a Lake Fagertarn 
in the parish of Hammar, in Nerika (in the N.W. of Oster- 
Glothland, Sweden), where it was discovered in 1856 by 
B. E. Kjelmark. It was first published by Dr. Caspary, 
and referred to the variety sphceroearjm of N. alba, dis- 
tinguished by the globose form of the fruit, and it has been 
figured in the " Flora Danica " (cited above), where however 
the leaves are represented as very small, only three to four 
inches in diameter, and with acute or subacute basal lobes ; 
whilst those ot the Kew plants are a foot in diameter. 
They are, however, small in the figure given by Carriere in 
the " Revue Horticole," where the colour of the flower is 
well represented. In this latter respect, however, there 

FBBBUABT 1st, 1884. 

ran- rood deal of variation, for the colours repr. 

in " Flora Danica" are a muddy rose, whilst the description, 
referring of course to the wild plant. that the outer 

petals are rosy, or white tinged with > intern 

intensely rosy, the innermost with the filaments and tips 
of the stigma deep red-brown. Nov/ on first flowering in 
1878 of the Kew plant I remarked the mnddiness of the 
colouring, and it was not till later that flowers of the bright 
hue given in the plate have appeared. May we not, then, 
expect that by cultivation and selection still more vivid 
hues shall be obtained ? 

For the introduction of this beautiful plant into culti- 
vation, horticulturists are indebted to M. Froebel, of Zurich, 
an amateur who by his ability, zeal, and energy in the 
introduction of interesting hardy plants, no less than by 
his liberality in distributing them, has laid the gardening 
world under very heavy obligations. He finds that the 
plant comes quite true from seed, and is of vigorous 
growth, perfectly hardy (as was to be expected), and that 
it flowers eight or ten days before the white form of the 
species ; it is also a very free flowerer. The Kew specimen 
which was presented by Prof. Agardh, of Lund, in 1876, 
has bloomed in June for several years, and a succession of 
flowers appears for several weeks. — J. D. II. 

Fi<j. 1, Flower of outer series ; 2, of middle, and 3, of inner series ; 1, vertical 

section of ovary : — of the natural size. 

\~ d 


V. y* ?^y 

Tab. 6737. 

Native of the Crimea ? 

Nat. Ord. TiLiACEiE. — Tribe Tilted. 
Genus Tilia, Linn.; {Bentlt. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 236.) 

Tilia petiolaris ; arbor elata, ramulis pendulis, foliis subtus floribusque cano- 
pubescentibus, foliis graeillime petiolatis petiolo laminse a?quilongo pendulis 
oblique cordato-rotundatis acutis argute dentatis superne glaberriinis, braeteis 
sessiiibus elongatis a basi sensim dilatatis glabris v. subtus canis, sepalis 
utrinque tonientosis intus basi squamuk villosa instructis, petalis elliptico- 
oblongis obtusi* glabris, squamis 5 petaloideis spathulatis stamina superantibus 
petalis iere a>quilongis, stylo brevi glaberrimo, stigmate capitato integerrinio, 
fructibus depresso-globosis obscure 5-lobis hie illic tuberculatis. 

T. petiolaris, DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 514. 

The beautiful Lime here figured has long been a puzzle 
to arboriculturists. There are many specimens of it at 
Kew, where it has long been cultivated under the names of 
Tilia americana pendxda, T. alba-jpendula, T. platyphyUa* 
pendula, and T. argentea pendula. The first of these being 
the most frequent name, I directed Dr. Asa Gray's atten- 
tion to this tree when in this country in 1882, and he at 
once declared against its being an American species, and 
suggested a comparison with the little known T. petiolata 
of De Candolle, a tree of which neither flower nor fruit were 
described, nor anything further known of its origin than 
that it is cultivated in the Garden of Odessa in the Crimea. 
Tins species De Candolle places next to the Hungarian Lime 
(T. argentea, Hort. Par. ; T. alba, Waldst. and Kit.), and 
separates it from that plant by the leaf-blade being only 
twice as long as the petiole, whilst that of T. argentea is 
four times as long. Eeferring to the Herbarium, the only 
specimen I find named T. petiolaris is one cultivated at 
Therapia, near Constantinople, collected and named by 
Montbret, and communicated to Sir W. Hooker by the late 
P. B. Webb. There are, however, two other specimens 
which agree with it; one called T. argentea, collected by 
Noe in the Bithynian Olympus, and the other named T. alba, 
from Hungary, collected by Pfendler. Unfortunately none 
of these are in fruit, and as the White Lime has often 
petioles as long in proportion to the blade as those of T. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1884. 

petiolaris, it would be rash to refer them to this latter plant. 
At first sight indeed 7 . would pasfl for a variety 

of the White Lime, with drooping branches, longer petioles, 
and leaves wanting the crumpled surface so characteristic 
of that plant, for their pubescence, inflorescence, and bracts 
in to be identical ; but their fruits are entirely different 
Those of T. argentea are ellipsoid, five-angled, and smooth, 
whilst those of T. pet talaris are depressed five-lobed spheres, 
and more or less warted. 

T. petialaris is not taken up in any other botanical or 
arboricultural work known to me than De Candolle's ; it 
does not appear in Boissier's "Flora Orientalis." This, 
however, is not surprising, when it is considered how little 
attention has been paid to the forest trees of the East, and 
that it is within the last few years only that the horse- 
chestnut has been traced to its native forests in Turkey. 

T. petiolata is one of the most beautiful of the genus, is 
quite hardy, and like the White Lime, it matures seed in 
this country. The flowers which appear in July are very 

Desck. A forest tree, fifty feet and more high, trunk 
erect, cylindric ; head oblong or spreading, back pale brown, 
branchlets pendulous, leafy. Leaves on slender petioles 
as long or longer than the blade, glabrous above, covered 
beneath with hoary pubescence ; blade three to four inches 
in diameter, obliquely orbicular with an unequally cordate 
base, flat, acute or apiculate, sharply toothed, pale green 
above. Bracts two to four inches long, sessile, gradually 
dilated from the base to the rounded tip, veined, glabrous 
or hoary beneath. Flowers about half an inch in diameter, 
yellow green. Sepals oblong, tomentose on both surfaces, 
furnished at the very base within with a small villous scale. 
Petals elliptic-oblong, obtuse. Scales five, petaloid, as long 
as the petals, obovate spathulate, inserted amongst the 
stamens. Stamens numerous ; anthers with discrete cells. 
Ovary pubescent, globose; style very short, glabrous, 
swollen in the middle; stigma capitate, obscurely five- 
lobed. Fruit one-third of an inch in diameter, depressed 
globose, five-lobed, pericarp between coriaceous and crus- 
taceous, warted. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1 Vertical section of flower; 2, stamens ; 3, petal ; 4, ovary ; 5, transverse 
section of ditto ; 6, transverse section of fruit; 7, seed; 8, section of same allowing 
the embryo :— all enlarged. 


Tab. 6738. 
PBNSTEMON labbobus. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ortl. Schophulaeiace^. — Tribe Chelone.e. 
Genus Penstemon, M/fch. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 910.) 

Penstemon (Eupenstemon) labrosus; elatus, glaberrimus, gracilis, foKis inferi- 
oribus anguste oblanceolatis obtusis t. subacutis, supremis anguste linearibus, 
panicula? racemis elongatis laxifloris erectis, floribus horizontalibus gracile 
pedicellatis, sepalis parvis ovatis acutis, corolla sesquipollicari coccinea, lobis 
mferioribus linearibus subacutis patentibus (non deflexis) supremo ceteris 
non longiore oblongo apice 2-fido, fauce glaberrima, filamentis glaberrimis, 
antherarum loculis divaricatis, ovario glaberrimo. 

P. barbatus, Nutt. var. labrosa, Gray in Hot. Californ. vol. i. p. 622. 

P. labrosus, Gard. Chron. 1883, vol. ii. p. 536, fig. 91. 

A very distinct species of Penstemon, described by Gray as 
a remarkable form of the Mexican P. barbatus, agreeing with 
the var. Torreyi of Colorado in the want of beard, but 
differing in the long narrow lobes of the lower lip. An 
examination of a large suite of specimens of P. barbatus 
and its varieties, proves that P. labrosus is quite a different 
species from that, having a much more slender and scarlet 
corolla, with the three lower lobes quite as long as the 
upper. The calyx is also smaller, the flowers are more 
horizontal, and the lower corolla lobes are not sharply 
reflexed as in P. barbatus, but spread. 

P. labrosus was discovered by Dr. Rothrock in Southern 
California, during Wheeler's expedition in 1875, in Mount 
Pinos, south of Tejon, at an elevation of 7000 feet. For 
the specimen here figured I am indebted to Mr. Thompson 
of Ipswich, the introducer of so many new and rare 
American plants, with whom it flowered in August of 
last year. 

Descb. Quite glabrous. Stem three to four feet high, 
slender, erect, twiggy, terete, red-purple below. Leaves, 
lower four to five inches long by a quarter to half an 

FEBfiUAKY 1ST, 18S1. 

inch broad, narrowly oblanceolate, narrowed into the petiole, 
quite entire, obtuse or subacute, coriaceous ; upper lea 
shorter, quite linear. Panicle of long slender lax-flowered 

racemes; rachis and branches very Blender, stiff, erect; 
bracts minute ; pedicels slender, rigid, erect, half an inch 
long or less. Flowers one and a halt* inch long, horizontal 
cr ascending. Calyx one-fourth of an inch long, sepals 
ovate, acute, upper smaller, all appressed. Corolla scarlet, 
tube narrow; lobes half the length of the tube; upper 
horizontal, oblong, bifid at the tip; lower as long, linear, 
subacute, spreading; throat glabrous. as long as 

the corolla, filaments quite glabrous ; anther-cells divaricate. 
Oram/ glabrous ; style filiform, glabrous, stigma entire. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut vertically ; 2, calyx ; 3, stamens ; 1, top of style and stigma ; 
5, ovary cut transversely : — all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks Day* 

I Peeve &C°IondoTi 

Tab. 6739. 
GLADIOLUS Quartiniaxus. 

Native of Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Ixie.e. 
Genus Gladiolus, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 709.) 

Gladtolus Qwarttnianus s corrao globoso, tunicis fibrosis, caule simplici tereti 
8— t-pedali, foliis productis circiter 3 anguste ensiformibus acuminatis rigide 
coriaceis, floribus 4-6 laxe spicatis, spathae valvis magnis lanceolatis herbaeeis, 
floribus magnis splendide luteo-rubris, tubo elongato infundibulari-cylindrico, 
limbi segmentis 2 superioribus exterioribus oblongis acutis interior! superiori 
obovato obtuso minute cuspidato dorso convexo, 3 inferioribus oblongis acutis, 
interioribus flore expanso patulis, inferior! valde decurvato, genitalibus limbo 
distincte brevioribus, capsulis oblongis obtuse lobatis, seminibus discoideis late 

G. Quartinianus, A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, vol. ii. p. 307 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. 
vol. xvi. p. 176. 

G. natalensis, Klatt, Erganz, p. 6, ex parte, non Beinw. 

This fine species appears to be widely spread in Tropical 
Africa. It was originally described from specimens 
gathered in Abyssinia by M. Quartin Dillon, after whom it 
was named ; and we have since received it from that 
country from Mansfield Parkyns, Esq. It was found in 
Angola by Dr. Welwitsch ; in the Zambesi country by Sir 
John Kirk; by Dr. Schweinfurth both in the Djur country 
and Niam-niam land, and by the Rev. Mr. Wakefield in the 
INyika country. Our drawing was made from specimens 
sent by Sir John Kirk, which flowered at Kew last October. 
By Dr. Klatt, in his latest paper, it is united with the well- 
known Cape G. psittacinus, Hook (G. natalensis, Reinw.). 
To me it seems to be quite different from the Natal plant, 
which is excellently figured, Bot. Mag. tab. 8032, both in its 
leaves and flowers, and to be nearer to G. Gooperi, Hook, in 
Bot. Mag. tab. 6202. I believe this is the first time it has 
ever been introduced into cultivation, and it certainly has 
a claim to take rank amongst the finest species of this 
beautiful genus. 


Descr. Com globose, an inch or more in diameter ; outer 
tunics of matted or nearly free strong parallel fibres. 

Stems three or four feet in length, inflorescence included, 
simple, terete. Produced leave* about three, linear-ensiform, 
a foot or more long, half or three-quarters of an inch broad, 
narrowed gradually to the point, rigid in texture, strongly 
and prominently nerved. Flowers four or six, arranged in 
a very lax erect secund spike, variable in colour, usually 
yellow, more or less flushed and spotted with scarlet; 
spathe- valves herbaceous, lanceolate, about two inches long, 
the inner rather smaller and thinner than the outer. 
Perianth-limb narrowly funnel-shaped, curved, one and a 
half or two inches long ; upper outer segments of the limb 
oblong, acute, about two inches long; upper inner obovate, 
obtuse, minutely cuspidate, standing forward, convex on the 
back ; three lower segments smaller and more spreading, 
the lowest conspicuously deflexed. Stamens shorter than 
the perianth-segments; anthers linear, half an inch long. 
Stifle-branches falcate. Capsule oblong, brown, charta- 
ceous, obtusely lobed, an inch and a half long. Seeds very 
numerous, discoid, with a broad membranous wing. — 
J. G. Balcer. 

Fig. 1, Front view of an anther ; 2, back view of t h e anther ; 3, summit of the 
style, with its stigmatose branches : — all maynijivd. 

Vincaiit Br 

Son imp- 

T. Reeve \_ 

Tab. 6740. 

Nat Ord. Oechide^:. — Tribe Epide> t dbe.e. 
Genus Masdevallia, Ruiz et Pav.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol.iii. p. 492.) 

Masdevaieia Schlimii ; foliis longe petiolatis obovato-ellipticis apiee rotundatis, 
scapis folia longe superantibus-multiflon!', vagin'is remotis cjlindraceis oblique 
truneatis, floribus majusculis, bracteis spathaceis, perianthii flavi brunneo 
creberrime conspurcati tubo brevissimo, sepalis in laminam subpanduriformem 
convexam 3-caudatam basi 2-lobam alte connatis, caudis sordide flavis sepalis 
2-3-plo longioribus, petalis column* sequilongis angustis lineari-oblongis 
medio angustatis apices versus obtusos oblique truneatis, labello column* 
sequilongo breviter unguiculato lineari-oblongo basi bilobo supra basin con- 
stricto, medio incrassato et 2-auriculato, auriculis introflexis, apice in appendicem 
recurvam acutam carnosam producto, columna gracili ;ipice integerrimo. 

M. Schlimii, Linden MSS. ; Reichb. f. in Bonplandia, vol. ii. p. 283; et in 
Gard. Chron. 1883, vol. i. p. 532, fig. 80. 

This, as Dr. Reichenbach well observes, is allied to the 
remarkable M. Ephippium, figured at Plate 6208 of this 
work. It is, however, a much less robust plant, with 
smaller flowers ; the lateral sepals are very much smaller, 
they want the curious crests of M. Ephippium, and their 
tails do not meet at the base, but are placed as far as 
possible apart. Though not nearly so large as M. Ephippium, 
it presents one of the larger and more robust species, and 
Dr. Reichenbach mentions that the leaves of his wild 
specimens are upwards of a foot in length. Its native 
country is the mountains of Merida, altitude 6000 feet, in 
Venezuela, where it was discovered in 1847 by the late 
Louis Schlim, half-brother of M. Linden; it was not, 
however, introduced till quite lately, by a collector of 
Messrs. Sander of St. Albans. 

I am indebted for the specimen here figured to Sir Trevor 
Lawrence, who sent it in April, 1883. 

I know of no plants in the whole range of the vegetable 
kingdom the organs of which are so difficult to describe in 
appropriate terms as those appertaining to the flowers of 
Orchidece. In most genera of the Order this applies 
especially to the labellum, but in Masdevallia the three 

FEBBtTABY. 1ST, 1884. 

outer sepals, whether by themselves or in combination, are 
even more impracticable than tie lip. 

Desce. Roots tufted. / >• a foot long and under, 
elliptic-obovate, narrowed into a stout petiole which is 
channelled in front and articulate above the base, tip 
rounded, substance very coriaceous, nerves three principal 
and many between them, all very obscure. Scape twice ;is 
long as the leaves, three- to six-flowered; sheaths distant, 
three-fourths of an inch long, tubular, membranous ; mouth 
obliquely truncate ; bracts like the sheaths, but shorter. 
Floicers one to one ' and a quarter inch long without the 
tails; pedicels exserted, half an inch long. Ovary a quarter 
of an inch long. Perianth yellow, closely mottled with 
bright brown spots ; tails pale dirty yellow. 8epab com- 
bined into a somewhat fiddle-shaped convex lamina, with 
a very short tube ; upper sepal short, concave with reflexed 
margins, broadly triangular-ovate, suddenly contracting 
into a slender tail two to two and a half inches long ; lateral 
sepals with their free portions broadly ovate, diverging, 
with an acute sinus between them; tails one a half to two 
inches long. Petals as long as the column and closely 
applied to it, linear-oblong from a gibbous base, a little 
contracted in the middle, obliquely truncate at the top with 
an obtuse tip. Lip as long as the column, linear-oblong, 
contracted below the middle and a little dilated beyond it; 
base cordate with a very short claw ; just beyond the 
middle the lip is thickened with an inflexed auricle on each 
side nearly reaching the centre of the blade, beyond this 
the blade is four-channelled ; the top suddenly contracts 
into a thickened ovate lanceolate recurved appendage. 
Column slender, tip entire. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Top of ovary, lip, petals, and column; 2, column; 3, lip; 4, pollen- 
masses : — all tnlarged. 





Tab. 6741. 
XOTOSPARTIUM Oabmiohjbllb, 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Legumixo8.2E. — Tribe Galege.e. 
Genus Notospabtitjm, Hool-.f.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 502.) 

Notospabtittm Carmicha>licB ; frutex v. arbor parva fere glaberrima, ramuli* 
filiformibus pendulis, squamulis ad nodos minimis, floribus roseo-lilacinis ad 
nodos racemosis. 

N. Carmichaelia?, Hook. f. in Kew Journ, Sot. vol. ix. p. 176, t. 3 ; et in Handbook 
N. Zeal. Flor. p. 61. 

This, the "Pink Broom" of the residents in the Middle 
Island of New Zealand, is one of the most beautiful plants 
in the Colony, and is further remarkable as being a member 
of what is one of the largest families of plants in every 
part of the world where vegetation is found, except New 
Zealand. Indeed the absence of Legwninosce in New 
Zealand, in contrast especially with their great abundance 
in Australia, is the most singular feature in the Flora of the 
Island ; and those genera that do occur have for the most 
part little affinity with one another. Thus, of the five 
known genera, the principal is the endemic Carmichcelia, 
consisting of eleven species of leafless shrubs, with pods 
quite unlike those of any other Leguminous plants ; Notos- 
partium is monotypic, and it stands next to Carmichcelia, 
but has quite different pods. Two Australian genera 
follow; one is the large Australian one, Swainsonia, of 
which a single endemic species has been found in a single 
spot in the Middle Island of New Zealand ; the other is the 
beautiful Clianthus, of which only two species are known, 
namely, " Sturt's Pea," C. Dampieri (Plate 5051), a native 
of the dry interior of Australia; and the familiar C.puniceus 
of our greenhouses (Plate 3584), which, though often seen 
about native houses in the north parts of the Northern 
Island of New Zealand, has never been found wild in that 

FEBBUABY 1ST, 1884. 

or in any other country. The only other native Leguminous 
plant in New Zealand is tiheSophora (Eduxyrdsia) tetraptera, 
of which forms are figured in Plates 167, 1442, and 3735 
of this Magazine, and it is hardly distinguishable from the 
Chilian and Fuegian species. 

Notospartiwn is confined to the Middle Island; it was 
discovered on Christmas, 1853, by the late Dr. Munro, on 
the sandy and rocky banks of the Waihopai River in the 
Nelson Province; and it has since been found in the 
Canterbury Province by Dr. Haast and others. Though 
cultivated for some years in the Temperate House at Kew, 
it has never flowered there, and I am indebted to Messrs. 
Veitch for the specimen here figured, which arrived from 
their nursery in Combe Wood in July last. 

Desce. A shrub or small ramous tree attaining twenty 
feet in height, with weeping cord-like leafless branches, 
laden at Christmas with short racemes of flowers. Branches 
terete, grooved, green, branchlets a foot long and upwards 
of the sixteenth of an inch in diameter, deeply grooved ; 
nodes distant, not swollen, marked by a minute scale. 
Leaves on seedling plants alternate, obcordate, sparsely 
covered beneath with appressed hairs. Bacemes one to one 
and a half inch long, subsessile, many-flowered; bracts 
minute ; pedicels one-eighth of an inch long. Floicers one- 
third of an inch long, bright pink-purple. Calyx tubular- 
campanulate, minutely five-toothed. Standard broadly 
obcordate, streaked with red, recurved. Wings dolabriform, 
longer than the keel, obtuse. Keel-petals cuneate, oblong, 
tip rounded. Upper stamens free; anthers very small. 
Ovary linear, style bearded below the stigma. Pods one to 
one and a half inch long, by one-eighth of an inch broad, 
nearly straight, subacute, torulose, six- to ten-seeded; 
valves coriaceous, subseptate within. Seeds transversely 
oblong, compressed, funicle very short. Cotyledons pyri- 
form, radicle very stout, geniculate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Seedling plants ; 2, flowering branch ; 3, flower ; 4, standard ; 5, keel ; 
?^ W, ^ g8, i, 7, Ca ' yi and stamens ; 8 > y» u ng pod; 9, branch with ripe pods; 
10, pcd; 11, portion of valve with seed; 12 and 13, embryos -.—all but fiqs. 1, 2, 
and 9, enlarged. J J y ' 


Vmcenl ] Soa Imp 

Tab. 6742. 
KNIPHOFIA foliosa. 

Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. Ltliace.e. — Tribe Hemeeocalle^:. 
Genus Kniphofia, Maench.; (Bent A. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 775.) 

Kniphofia foliosa ; acaulis, foliis ensiformibus acuminatis bipedalibufl viridibus o 
basi ad apicem sensim attenuatis lateribus ioflexifl margine dentiouUtu, toapo 
valido stricto 2-3-pedali, raoemo denso eloogato, pedicellis breriasimu, bracteii 

ovatis pedieello 2-3-plo longioribus, penantbio cylindrico luteo vel rubra 
tmcto segmentis brevissituis, genitalibus longe exsertis. 

K. foliosa, Hochst. in Flora, 1814, p. 30 ; Baker in Trimen Journ. 1874, p. 4. 

K. Quartiniana, A. Rich. Fl.Ahyss. vol. ii. p. 32 I ; linker in Journ. Linn. Soe, 

vol. xi. p. 362 ; Gard. Citron. 1876, p. 45 ; Hegel Gartenjl. vol. xxvi. (1877). 

pp. 89, 196, tab. 907, excl. sj/n. 

The genus Knipkqfia, as understood in the Genera Plan- 
tarum, is restricted to the Cape and mountains of Abyssinia, 
with the exception of one species that was found near the 
equator by Speke and Grant, and one that has lately been 
found on the high mountains of Central Madagascar by the 
Rev. R. Baron. Altogether there are six species in Abyssinia, 
none of which are identical with those that occur at the 
Cape. Three of them have been introduced into cultivation 
of late years through seeds sent by Schimper to the Berlin 
Garden, and all three have become fully established in our 
gardens, and have been freely distributed by Leichtlin. 
Two out of the three, K. comosa, tab. 6569, and K. Leichtlinii, 
tab. 6716, have been figured lately in the Botanical Magazi \ e. 
The present plant is one of the most robust of the whole 
genus, and may be recognized at a glance by its broad 
leaves and much-exserted stamens. Our drawing was made 
from a plant that flowered with Mr. Elwes at Cirencester 
in December, 1881. There are three other Abyssinian 
species not in cultivation, K. abyssinica, K. isoctifolla, and 
K. Schimperi, all of which have narrow leaves and few- 
flowered racemes. The two plants from Angola which I 

MAKCH 1st, 1884. 

referred to the genus are regarded by Mr. Bentham as the 
type of his new genus, \ n. 

A coloured drawing which Leichtlin has sent us of the 
plant as grown at Baden-Baden si b more robust 

habit than the English-grown examples, and a tinge of red 
in the flower which they do not get in our less sunny and 
more humid climate. 

Df.sce. Acaulescent. Rootstoek short, cylindrical, with 
numerous fleshy root-fibres. Leaves aggregated in a dense 
basal rosette, ensiform, acuminate, three or four inches broad 
at the clasping base, an inch or an inch and a half broad a 
foot above it, tapering gradually into a long point, green 
on both surfaces, moderately firm in texture, the sides 
inflexed all the way up from midway between the midrib 
and edge, the margin obscurely denticulate. Peduncle stout, 
erect, terete, two or three feet long, furnished with a few 
mucli-reduced leaves. Flowers in a very dense cylindrical 
raceme half a foot or a foot long ; pedicels very short ; 
bracts ovate, scariose, two or three times as long as the 
pedicels. Perianth cylindrical, bright yellow, or tinged with 
red under an inch long ; segments very short, semi-orbicular. 
Stamens and style much exserted. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A flower cut through vertically; 2, anthers; 3, stijjmatose apex of the 
style; 4, horizontal section of the ovary, all enlarged ; o, section of a leaf, from 
near the base, natural size. 

1 3.KFMI.W11. 

Tab. 6743. 
pice a ajanensis. 

Native of Japan and the Amur Elver. 

Nat. Ord. Conifers. — Tribe Abietixee. 
Genus Picea, Link.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol.iii. p. 439.) 

Picea ajanensis ; arbor erecta, rarnis horizontalibtu rigidis supra densissime 
foliosis foliis iinbricatis subtns inter folia bifariam paten ti a nudis, foliis |-| 
polliearibus compressis linearibaa acutis v. subacutis basi in pulvinum brevt-m 
abrnpte contractu, facie rannraversa laete viridi nitida medio lata elevata, facie 
contra ria valde irlauco-ccerulea stomatibus creberrimis costa tenui raarginibusque 
viridibus. strobilis in ramis terminalibus junioribus eivctis oblongo-cvlindraceis 
l?ete rubro-pnrpureis, maturis defiexis 1-2-pollicaribus utrinque attenuatis, 
squamis ovato-oblongis undulatis superne erosis, bracteis rninutis, seminis ala 

P. ajanensis. Fitch, ex Trautv. et Mey. in Middend. Iteise, p 87, t. 22, 21; 

Repel Fl. Ussur. p. 149; Trautv. et Maximov. Prim. Fl. Amur. p. 20L ; 

Carriere Traite GeneraJe, p. 259; Masters in Gard. Chron. N.S. xiii. vol. i. 

(1880), p. 115. f. 22, and p. 212, f. 39, 40, 42; Begel et Tiling. Fl. Ajan. pp. 

119,427, fig. 81 ad 84. 
P. jezoensis, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Imp. Petersb. vol. xv. p. 235. 

Abies ajanensis, Rupr. PI. Maxim, p. 436 ; PL Maaclc. p. 566 ; Lindt. et Gord. 

in Journ. BZort. Soc. Bond. vol. v. p. 212. 
Pintjs Menziesii, Parlat. in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pt. 2, p. 418, quoad Plant. Asiat. 

A. Alcockiana, Hurt. plur. et Murray, Pines and Firs of Japan, p. 66, quoad 

A. sitcbensis, Koch, Dendrolog. vol. ii. pt. 2, p. 247 (non Bongard.). 

Veitchia japonica, Lindl. 

This is in several respects the handsomest of all the 
species of Picea, in so far at least as can be judged from 
somewhat young specimens. Though wanting the drooping 
larch-like habit of the Himalayan P. Morinda and the 
graceful branching of the Caucasian P. orientalis, it excels 
these and all others in the bold habit, the dark green of 
the shining foliage that clothes the upper sides of the 
branches, where the leaves imbricate over one another as 
in Abies Nordmanniana and amabaUs (true), and the 
beautiful glaucous blue white of that which appears on the 
under side. This effect of contrast is much heightened 
in bright sunshiny weather, when the tips of the branches 
turn up, disclosing to the eye the pale surface of the leaves. 
Add to this the rich vinous purple of the colour of the 
young cones, which is not surpassed in beauty by the violet 

MABCH 1st, 1884. 

of those of Abu .< Webbiafia, or the red of some of the young 
larch cones, and it will be allowed that it has many attractions. 

I am indebted to my friend Dr. Masters for the identifi- 
cation of this species (confirmed by M. de Maximovicz), 
which, as he clearly points out, has been confused with P. 
Alcockiana, a plant differing wholly in habit, in the leaves 
inserted all round the branches, in their square form and 
indistinctly glaucous uppersuiface, and in the resin canals 
not being (as they should have been represented in fig. 3) 
close to the epidermis of the leaf. It has further been 
confused with P. 3Ien:ie*ii, which extends from British 
Columbia to California, and which has been referred to P. 
sitchensis, a native of Alaska, but this has more square 
and needle-pointed leaves. There is, however, in Bentham's 
Herbarium a spruce from that far northern region, col- 
lected by Hinds in 1841. which is more likely to be P. 
nsis, and which, as Dr. Masters has indicated in the 
Herbarium, differs from P. Menziesii in the flatter, less 
deeply keeled and less acute leaves. It has the seeds of 
A. ajanensis and its small included bracts, but the cones 
are twice as large. 

There are still doubts as to the synonymy of P. ajanensis* 
Gordon's Pinetum probably includes it both under this 
name and that of Alcoquiana, and there is hopeless con- 
fusion in Franchat and Savat's " Flora of Japan." Then 
again, Maximovicz (in Herb.) refers to it P. mwrosperma, 
Lindl., of which Masters has made a variety (P. ajanensis, 
var. miarosperma). Lastly, Maximovicz includes under it, 
and no doubt rightly, Lindley's Veitchia japonica, a genus 
founded on the abnormal structure of the buds, which being 
altered by the puncture of probably Ariel ges ablet is or an 
allied insect, have (as in the case of Conifers with us) as- 
sumed the form of cones. 

P. ajanensis has a considerable range ; commencing in 
lat. 50° in the valley of the Amoor, it is continued south- 
ward and eastward to its mouth, on the mountains. Thence 
it crosses to Japan, and reappears on the celebrated mountain 
Fusiyama, whence most of the plants grown in this country 
have been procured. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaves viewed on surface facing the light ; 2, ditto from opposite surface; 
3, transverse section of leaf (the resin-canal not near enough to margin) ; 4, outer 
face of scale and bract ; 5, inner face of ditto and ovules : — all enlurytd. 



Vincent Brooks Day iSonlmp 

1 Reeve &. C° London- 

Tab. 6744. 
TINNEA ^thiopica, var. dentata. 

Native of East Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Ajugoide.e. 
Genus Tinnea, Kotsch. et Peyr.; (JBenth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1220.) 

T. sethiopica, Kotsch. et Peyr. in Plant. Tinn. p. 25, t. 11 ; Bot. Map. t. 5637. 

Yah. dentata; frutex rigidus, cano-puberulus, divaricatini ramosus, foliis parvis 
elliptico- v. obovato-oblongis obtusis apicem versus irregulariter dentafis, 
floribus subsoli tari is parvis pollicaribu*, oalycis tubo suboylindraceo, corolloe 
rutb-brunneaj labio interiore vix \ poll. lato. 

The genus Tinnea seems destined to give some trouble 
to systematists. The originally discovered species, T. 
wthiopica, was first published in the Botanical Magazine 
(Tab. 5637) in 1867, from plants raised from seeds sent to 
Europe by the discoverer herself, Madame Tinne, the famous 
Dutch lady who fell a sacrifice to her zeal for African travel 
(she died of fever on the White Nile in 1863) ; and with 
the description given in this Magazine is a citation of the 
work, which was then only in preparation, illustrating the 
botanical results of her disastrous expedition. To my 
astonishment, when the latter work appeared, it contained 
an admirable plate of a plant called Tinnea cethiopica, but 
which it was difficult to recognize as the same with that 
figured in the Magazine, and which (or cuttings from 
which) has flowered annually at Kew ever since its intro- 
duction. The plant figured in " Plantse Tinneanee" has very 
slender branches, leaves two-thirds to three-quarters of an 
inch long, and subsolitary flowers so precisely resembling 
those of that now here figured, that I need not describe 
them ; whereas the Kew plant has stems twice as stout, 
leaves two to two and a half inches long, flowers two or 
more together, twice as large, with an almost globose 
bladdery calyx, and a very dark corolla with proportionally 
larger and much broader lobes, of which the mid one is 

makch 1st, 1884 

almost black-purple. ■ Xo one would gut they were 

the same sped) 

It is stated under T. cethiopica in this work, that it has 
a wide geographical range. Madame Tinne found it at Djur, 
in Ethiopia, in lat. 8 X., Dr. Kirk on the Manganjer Hills 
in lat. 17° S., Capt. (now Col. Sir Jas.) Grant in the Umyow 
Forest, lat. 3° N. Since that time it has been collected at 
various places in Central and Eastern Africa by Petherick, 
and lastly from the coast itself at Mombassa, opposite 
Zanzibar, by Schweinfurtb. 

From the last-named locality Sir John Kirk had the 
goodness to procure plants, one of which he sent to Kew 
in a Ward's case. It arrived safely, flowered in May, 1883, 
and is here pourtrayed. Sir John happened to be at home 
on leave, and I directed his attention to the extraordinary 
difference between it and both the previously-figured plants 
in habit, foliage and flower; but his experienced eye, which 
is one of those that can recognize important resemblances 
under a very thick mask of differences, led him to the con- 
clusion that they were all climatal varieties of one species ; 
and reflecting how much our own plants had degenerated 
since they had been removed to the Palm House, I did not 
doubt his conclusion, and that soil or cultivation would 
account for the variations. Soon after his return to Zanzibar 
last autumn, he sent me (in Xovember) flowering specimens 
from off the same bush as that from which the Kew plant 
now figured was taken, and it certainly differs most re- 
markably from the Kew one and from Schweiufurth's wild 
specimens, the leaves being quite minute, not" a quarter of 
an inch long, and the inflorescence forming terminal racemes 
six to eight inches long; the flowers on the other hand 
appear to be identical. 

It remains to add that specimens in the Herbarium 
collected by Grant and by Petherick have quite the robust 
habit and size of leaf of the original Magazine plate, and 
have flowers much larger than that now published; so that 
I suspect Madame Tinne may have sent seeds from plants 
growing in a different locality or soil from those that pre- 
vailed when the dried specimens which supplied the plate 
in tldntaz TinneancB were obtained. Curiously enough, the 
last specimens received at Kew of T. cethinpica were sent 
for naming by Baron Eggers from Dominica (in the West 

Indies), whither living plants were sent from Kew to the 
late Dr. Imray. The habit and foliage of these are those 
of the original Kew plants. 

There are several other species of Tinnea to be intro- 
duced from Africa, and which, now that the dark country 
is so fast being opened up, we may hope soon to obtain. — 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, base of corolla and stamens ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 
o, d;tto seen irom behind ; 6, pistil :— all enlarged. 




A5 IK entflrooteDay&-3oiii« 

Tab. 6745. 
CITRUS medica, var. acida. 
The Cultivated West Indian Lime. 

Nat. Ord. Rptace.e.~ Tribe Aueantic.e. 
Genus Citeus, Linn.; {Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 305.) 

CITRF8 medica; fruticds*, rarius arborescens, ramulis saepius purpurascentibus, 
foliia ovatiH obovatis oblongtsve rarius ovato-Iauceolatie subacutis crenati.% 
petiolo parvo nudo marginato v. mediocriter alato, fructu variabili umbonato 
cortic-e pallido crasso v. tetmi, pulpa acida v. miti. 

Vae. acida ; frutex spinosus, foliis 1-2-pollicaribus, iloribus inter minoribus 
solitariis v. 1-3-nis albis v. pallide roseis 4-5-meris, fructu minore subgloboso 
rarius ellipsoideo umbonato v. mamillato kevi pallido, cortice teuuissimo 
glandulis rninutis depressis, pulpa pallida acidissima. 

C. medica, var. acida, Brandts Fur. Fl. of N.W. and Centr.Ind. p. 52 ; IlooJc.f. 
Ft. Ind. vol. i. p. 515. 

C. acida, 6th variety, Boxb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 390 in part. 

C. Lima, MoFad, in Hook. Bot. Misc. vol. i. p. 300, and Fl. Jamaic. p. 127. 

C. Limonellus, Hassk. Cat. Eort. Boqor. p. 217, and ed.* 2, p. 209 ; Miquel Fl. 
Ind. Bat. vol. i. pt. 2, p. 528 ; Wall Cat. n. 6386. 

C. Limetta, Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 958 (not of Eisso). 

The flowering and fruiting, by the Earl of Ducie, F.R.S., 
of the Lime of the West Indies, affords an opportunity. of 
making better known a fruit which has been much mis- 
understood. I should premise that the word Lime is 
promiscuously applied to fruits very different to this, 
especially in British India, where the Sweet Limes of 
various forms are universally spoken of under that name ; 
and that all these, together with the West Indian Lime, are 
varieties of the Citrus medica of Linnaeus, which includes 
the Lemon, Citron, sweet and acid Limes of the East 
Indies, and the small globose-fruited plant here figured. 
G. medica is so closely allied to the G. Aurantium, Linn., 
which includes the sweet Orange, the bitter or Seville 
Orange, the Bergamotte, &c 7 as to have been classed with 

MAECH 1ST, 1881 

it, as forms of one species, by several excellent authors, 
together with other fruits which do not concern us 

The genus Citrus is essentially an Eastern one, and the 
forefathers of Oranges, Lemons, Citrons, and Limes are 
certainly tropical Asiatic, and may be found (though 
whether always in their pristine condition, as opposed to 
escapes from cultivation, is not easy to determine) in the 
hot valleys of the Himalaya, of the" mountainous districts 
of Eastern Bengal, and of the Deccan. From tropical Asia 
they have, in their numerous cultivated forms, been trans- 
ported into Africa, Australia, and the New World, where 
the Orange extends into the temperate zone; and the 
Lemon also, but with less power of enduring cold ; whilst 
1he small acid Lime seems confined to tropical or sub- 
tropical zones. Hence I do not find any plant exactly 
answering to the latter in the magnificent work of Risso anil 
Poiteau illustrating the South European Oranges and 
Lemons, whilst in the Floras of the East and West Indies 
it is always included. 

The first good account of it is by Rumph (" Hortus 
Amboinensis," vol. ii. p. 107, t. 29), published in 1750. 
He describes «t under the Latin name of Lmvnollw, alias 
Limotenuis, or thin-skinned Lemon, answering to the 
Malayan name of Limon Nipii (in Dutch, Li. mis- Boom), as 
a spinous bush with small leaves much brighfpr than those 
of the other Lemons, small flowers with the odour of those 
of the Lime of Martinique, five petals, spherical, smooth, 
fruit the size of an apricot, skin citron-coloured extremely 
thin, pulp greenish-white gratefully acid, having a de- 
lightful odour and taste. He adds that it is found in all 
the Oriental Islands, but never in the woods, always near 
houses, implying that it is not indigenous. The only 
author who has definitely taken np Rumph's plant is 
Hasskarl, who, in his first " Catalogus Horti Bogoriensis," 
published in 1844, has G. Limonellus, with two vars., a 
pointed-fruited and rounded-fruited; and in the second 
edition of the same work (1866) he publishes G. Lim,onellus, 
var .globosa, from Amboyna. B. Hamilton had previously 
alluded to it in his "Commentary on Rumph's Hortus 
Amboinensis " (Wern. Trans, vol. vi.) ; and the name G. 
Limonellus, Ham., accompanies specimens of a plant col- 

lected by him in India, and distributed by Wallich (Cat. 
n. 6386), which is probably the same species. G. Limonellus 
is also described by Miquel, who says that it is cultivated 
everywhere in the Dutch East Indies. 

Curiously enough, whilst Rumph describes the petals as 
five, he figures invariably four, and this and its other 
characters indicate his plant being the same as the Rung- 
pore Lime of Bengal, the sixth variety of Roxburgh's G. 
acida, which includes the Sweet and Sour Limes (not the 
Lemon), characterized as a small bush with a small pinkish 
flower, usually four petals, and a perfectly spherical fruit, 
having a thin skin of a lively yellow colour and pale acid 
juice. Dr. King has had the kindness to send me copies 
of Roxburgh's drawings of the Limes cultivated by him in 
the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and they confirm this 
identification, both as to flower and fruit. This plant is 
very well figured by Wight as G. Limetta, Risso (Icones, 
t. 958), who says it is certainly wild in the Nilgherry 
Hills, forming a low erect thorny shrub, with a profusion 
of fragrant white four-merous flowers-; he adds, however, 
that the juice is " watery acid, sweetish, or occasionally 
slightly bitter" (a variation not likely to occur in a native 

When preparing the " Forest Flora of Central and North - 
Western India," Dr. Brandis asked me to help him to settle 
the synonymy of the genus Citrus, so that it should be in 
harmony with the " Flora of British India," and after a 
long study we concluded that the various forms grouped 
themselves under three generally recognized species, of 
which two were indigenous to India, and one had been 
introduced. The native are G. medico, (the Citron, Lemon, 
and Limes), and G. Aurantium (the Oranges and the 
Bergamotte) ; the third, G. decumana, Willd., is assumed 
to have been derived from Polynesia, and is the Shaddock 
(Pumalo, Pomplemoes, sometimes called Forbidden Fruit). 
I think this arrangement holds good, except possibly in 
the case of the Bergamotte, which has the highly-scented 
skin of the Oranges, but its pale-coloured skin and subacid 
juice are those of the Limes. 

Turning to the West Indies, which is the great second 
home of the Lime and the principal area of its cultivation, I 
find it described by the exact McFadyen as G. Lima, McF., 

a thorny shrub with ovate leaves pentamerous white 
flowers, small nearly . yellow fruit with thin skin 

and an abundance of pure acid juice ; it is naturalized in 
Jamaica, forming strong fences : — all characters precisely 
accordant with Lord Ducie's plant. Grisebach unites with 
it C. spine- . .Meyer, and refers both to a var. of G. 

A'irantium, L., in which he is certainly mistaken. Brandis 
alludes to the West Indian Lime, following Grisebach as to 
its position and synonymy, but adds that the fruit is very 
much like the small acid Lime of India, and suggests the 
removing it from under C. Aurantium. The C. spinosissima 
of Meyer (printed by a lapsus acidisHma in Brandis) is no 
doubt a sub-variety, differing in its very small leaves, 
flowers, and fruit. Other authors refer the West Indian 
Lime to C. Limetta, Kisso, which is its nearest European 
representative, but which differs in its sweet juice. 

The last reference which I have to make is to a woodcut 
in the " Gardeners' Chronicle " (N.S. vol. v. p. 600, fig. 123) 
of what appears to be the fruit of this plant, under the name 
of "the Bijou Lemon," with unfortunately no -history at- 

With the exception of this woodcut, I know of no other 
published figure of the Lime than that here given. It is a 
favourite fruit in the West Indies and Southern United 
States, the acid being far more grateful than that of the 
Lemon; and it is hence universally used for flavouring soups, 
&c, and in the preparation of many alcoholic and acidulated 
drinks. In my younger days it was imported in vast quan- 
tities into the City of Glasgow, providing an indispensable 
material for the brewing of the famous Glasgow Punch. 
That it is now so seldom seen comparatively, is due to the 
declension of that social and family intercourse that once 
was so intimate between the great city and the Spanish 
main. It is still the principal source of citric acid, and is 
cultivated in the West Indies for its manufacture^especially 
in Montserrat and Dominica. 

Earl Ducie, to whom I am indebted for the specimen 
figured, informs me that he purchased the plant, and is not 
aware of its origin ; it fruited in January, 1883, and the 
flowering branch was sent in the following April. Both 
were very fragrant. Plants at Kew from the Montserrat 
Estates of Messrs. Sturgess, presented by the firm, have 

smaller, more membranous and darker green leaves; others 
from the same source, grown in Mr. Hanbury's Garden on 
the Riviera, have ovate-lanceolate long-pointed leaves. — 
J. D.E. 

■ F ' g - 1 ' 1 FIo , wer i n K krancl. ; 2, transverse section of fruit— both of the natural 
sive ; 6, glands of rhmd— enlarged. 




Tab. 6746. 
DICIIOPOGON stkictus. 

Native of S. East Australia and Tasmania. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^. — Tribe Asphodel f.2E. 
Genus Dichopogox, Kunth ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. vii. p. 58.) 

Dichopogon ttrictut ; fibris radiealibus tuberosis, foliis gramineis caule 2-3-ppdali 
brevim-ibus, bractt-is ovatis Lnceolati.-ve acuminatis, floribns solitariis v. 2-3-uis 
ipaifip.perianthiol-l^ iolis exterioribuselliptico-obloTigissubarutis 
eoncavie, intvrioribus paullo longinribos et dup!o latioribus late purparei* 
obcordatia medio 3-cstatis marginibus erosis, antberis brunneo-puruureis, 
appendicibus obluiigis granulatis, capsiila erecta. 

D. strictus, Baker in Journ. Linn. Sue. vol. xv. p. 319 excl.syn.; Benth. Fl. 
Austral, vol. vii. p. 58. 

Arthkopodium strictum, Br. Frodr. p. 276; F. Muell. Fragment, vol. vii. 
p. 60. 

D. undulatum, TZeyel Gartenfl. vol. ii. t. 37. 

A. laxuin, Hook.f. FL Taxman, vol. ii. p. 51, t. 131, non Sieb. 

A more or less common and very attractive sweet-scented 
meadow-land, &c, plant over the whole south-east quarter 
of Australia, from Moreton Bay and the Darling Downs in 
Queensland, southward through New South Wales to 
Victoria and Tasmania, and westward to South Australia; 
nowhere, however, growing in greater luxuriance than in 
Tasmania, where it flowers in November. The D. humilis, 
Kunth, and probably D. setosus, Kunth, are added by 
authors as synonyms. OF the former I have seen no speci- 
men ; of D. setosus a specimen so named from the inde- 
fatigable Baron Mueller appears of very different habit, 
having densely matted roots, subulate leaves not two inches 
long, and a very slender stem with a simple raceme of very 
few flowers ; it is, however, reduced to a synonym by the 
Baron himself, and no doubt on good grounds. In fact, 
as with so many petaloid Liliacece, this is a very variable 
plant in size, length and breadth of leaves, length and 
ramification of inflorescence, form and size of bracts, 

march 1st, 1884. 

dimensions, colour, &c, of flower, breadth of inner corolla 
segments, and length of stamens. D. unduhitwm appears 
to be a starved specimen. Its only recognized congener is 
D. Sieberianns, Kunth, which has reflexed capsules. 

I am indebted to Mr. Lynch, of the Cambridge Botanical 
Garden, for this beautiful plant, which he first sent in 1 882, 
but it arrived too late, and unfit for figuring. In June, 
1883, excellent specimens were received from the same 
source, and which are here pourtrayed. The scent is that 
of Heliotrope, but fainter. 

Descr. Hootstock stout, creeping and sending forth in- 
numerable stout root-fibres, of which many become tuberous 
towards the end ; tubes a quarter to three-quarters of an 
inch long, fleshy, ellipsoid, acute at both ends. Leaves in 
the largest forms a foot and a half long by half an inch 
broad, concave, bright green, grass-like, sheathing at the 
very base only, nerves faint. Stem longer than the leaves, 
erect, stout or slender. Raceme or panicle three to eight 
inches long ; bracts very variable, green or soarious, lowest 
at the base of a branch often linear-lanceolate and two 
inches long, those under the flowers linear or lanceolate, 
short or long; a two-bracteolate flower appears at the 
forks of the panicle ; pedicels in the largest forms one and 
a half inch long, very slender, erect or inclined in flower, 
decurved in bud, obscurely jointed beneath the flower. 
Perianth one and a half inch in diameter or less, sometimes 
only a quarter of an inch, pale or dark purple. Segments 
horizontally spread ; outer elliptic oblong, acute, concave ; 
inner rather longer, twice as broad, orbicular or oblong 
and obcordate, three-nerved down the centre, margins erose. 
Stamens half the length of the perianth, suberect, filaments 
very short, glabrous ; anthers linear, dark purple ; appen- 
dages oblong, granular. Ovary globose, glabrous; style 
filiform, stigma simple. Capsule globose, on an erect or 
spreading pedicel. Seeds compressed, testa black.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, pistil ; 3, transverse section of ovary :— all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day &SonfeiP 


Tab. G747. 
TORENIA Fournieri. 
Native of Oochinchina. 

Nat. Ord. Sckopht7Labine.e. — Tribe Ghatiole^:. 
Genus Torenia, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol.ii. p. 951.) 

Tobenia Fotti-nu ri ; glaberrima, rain is suberectis, foliis longiuscule petiolatis 
ovato-cordat-is arutia serratis, floribus axillaribus et ia raoeinos t. mi males 
dispositis, pedicellis suberectis foliis multo brevioribus, calycibus ellipsoideis 
ovatisve late alatis breviter 5-dentatis, corolla) tubo calyce subduplo lonmore, 
limbi ampli labio superioro latiore quarn longo pallide lilaciuo, inferioris lobis 
rotundatis bete violaceis intennedio basi aureo, filamentis omnibus inappendi- 

T. Fournieri, Lind. ; Foamier in III. JTortic. vol. xxiii. t. 249 ; Charton in Rev. 
Sortie. 1876, p. 465, cum Ic. xylog.; Regel, Gartenfl. t. 927; Morren, 
Belgique Hortic. 1879, t. 1. 

Torenia Fournieri, which ia the most beautiful species of 
the genus hitherto introduced into cultivation, has been 
often confounded with T. asiatica (Plate 4249), from which 
it differs wholly in the terminal and more or less racemose 
inflorescence, as well as in the form of the calyx and much 
brighter colour of the corolla. It belongs, indeed, to 
another section of the genus, which I established in the 
Flora of British India (vol. hi. p. 278), distinguished by 
the inflorescence, and to which T. jiava (Bot. Mag., tab. 
6700) belongs, together with the T. ciliata of Penang, a 
species not hitherto brought into cultivation, and evidently 
closely allied to T. Fournieri. The genus is an Asiatic one, 
and other species figured in this work are T. cordifolia, 
tab. 3715; T. peduncularis, tab. 4229; T. asiatica and 
T. jiava, mentioned above. From all these, and probably 
from all others of the genus, T. Fournieri differs, in having 
no tooth at the base of the longer filaments. 

T. Fournieri was introduced by Mr. Linden from seed 
sent from Mr. Godefroy from Cochinchina, and is now a 
well-established favourite in warm greenhouses and stoves, 
flowering throughout the summer months. 

apbil 1st, 1884. 

Descr. Quite glabrous. Branches numerous from the 
root, crowded, ascending and erect, four-angled, leafy, 
four to eight inches high, much branched. Leaves one 
and a half to two inches long, ovate or ovate-cordate, 
acute, serrate, bright green ; petiole stout, more than half 
as long as the blade. Flowers in the upper axils, and 
forming terminal erect racemes ; pedicels opposite, erect, 
stout, half to three-quarters of an inch long; bracts 
minute, subulate. Calyx three-quarters of an inch long, 
ovoid or ellipsoid, acute, rather inflated, broadly five- 
winged, green ; wings thin, obscurely ciliate ; teeth very 
small, subulate, erect, conniving in fruit. Gorolla-tube one 
inch long, pale violet, yellow posteriorly, puberulous ; limb 
one and a half inch in diameter ; upper lip an inch broad, 
broader than long, pale lilac, upper margin rounded, 
obscurely two-lobed ; lower lip of three much smaller 
bright violet rounded lobes, the central one with a golden 
blotch at the base. Filaments all quite simple, without 
appendage or tooth. Disk cup-shaped. Ovary lanceolate, 
puberulous ; stigmatic lobes small. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2 and 3, front and back view of anthers ; 4, disk and 
ovary : — all enlarged. 



L Reeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6748. 
oxalis articulata. 

Native of South Brazil and La Plata. 

Nat. Ord. Geeaniace.e. — Tribe Oxalideje. 
Genus Oxalis, Linn.; {Benth. et Rooh.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 276.) 

Oxalis articulata ; patentim pilosa, rhizomate crasso deformi ramoso, foliis 
longe petiolatis 3-foliolatis, foliolis obcordatis raarginibus rubellis, pedunculis 
foliis longioribus, umbellis multifloris glanduloso-pubescentibu-«, floribus longe 
pedicellatis pallide purpureis, sepalis lineari-oblongis dorso apices versus rubro- 
callosis, petalis cuneato-obovatis recurvis, filamentis pubescentibus 5 stylis 
longioribus 5 illis brevioribus, antheris parvis didymis, ovario pubescente, stylis 
brevibus erectis, stigmatibus capitatis. 

0. articulata, Savigny in Lamle. Bid. vol. iv. p. 686; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 695 
{excl.flor. color.) ; St. Hiluire Fl. Bras. Merid. vol. i. p. 124. 

This is one of a large group of sorrels which inhabit the 
temperate regions of South America, and are distinguished 
by their stout perennial woody rootstocks. It has been 
collected in South Brazil by Sellow, in Monte Video by 
Isabelle and G. Lorenz, and at Bahia Blanca, on the coast 
of Patagonia, by Darwin. It derives its specific name 
from the nature of the branched rootstock, which gives off 
tuberous annulate branches, contracted at the base, as 
shown in our plate. The flowers are erroneously described 
as yellow in De Candolle's Prodromus. 

0. articulata was one of the fine collection of Oxales 
formed by the late Giles Munby, Esq., and which was, 
after his death in 1876, presented to Kew by his family. 
It is kept in a cool greenhouse, is sweet-scented, and flowers 
in July. 

Desce. Bootstock 2 to 3 inches high, very stout, deformed, 
woody, clothed with brown bark, giving off short rounded 
branches, marked transversely by close-set ridges ; leaves, 
scapes, and inflorescence pubescent, with lax soft spreading 
hairs. Leaves three-foliolate ; leaflets three-quarters to 
one inch long, broadly obcordate, bright green with red 

Al'KIL 1st, 1884. 

margins; petiole very slender, three to four inches long. 
Scape very slender, longer than the petioles, many-flowered; 
bracts very small; pedicels slender, one to two inches 
long, and, as well as the calyx, more or less glandular- 
pubescent. Sepals one-fourth of an inch long, linear- 
oblong, acute, with a red callus on the back beneath the 
tip. Corolla pale lilac/ one inch in diameter or less ; 
petals obovate-spathulate, very broad at the rounded tip, 
spreading and recurved. al tube glabrous, filaments 

pubescent, the shorter ones not half the length of the 
styles, the longer four times as long; anthers small, 
didymous. Ovary elongate, pubescent ; styles short, sub- 
erect, subulate, pubescent, shorter than the cells, stigmas 
capitate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with the petals removed ; 2, sepal ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, staminal 
column and styles; 6, ovary : — all enlarged. 




L. "Reeve &. C° London 

Tan. 6749. 
coffea thavancoeensis. 

Native of Southern India and Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Kubiace.3-:. — Tribe Ixobejs. 
Genus Coffea, Linn.; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 114.) 

Cow&ktravancoremis ; frutex glaber, foliosus, foliis subsessilibus ellipticis ovatis 
lanceolatisve subacutis v. obtusis rarius obtuse- v. acute caudato-acuminatis 
membranaceis v. tenuiter coriaceis, stipulis brevissimis triangularibus, floribus 
foliis coetaneis 3-4-nis 5-meris, calycis tubo brevi, limbo truncato, corollse tubo 
gracili ^-pollicari, limbi lobis brevioribus ovatis obtusis, fruetu late didymo. 

C. travancorensis, Wight et Am. Prodr. p. 434 ; Wall. Cat. n. 6245 ; Thtcaites 
JSnum. PL Zeyl. p. 154; Hooh.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 154. 

C. triflora, Moon Cat. PI. Ceyl. p. 15. 

A small South Indian species of Coffea, allied to the 
G. bengalensis (tab. 4917), but with a very much smaller 
flower and different calyx, more resembling in these 
respects the true Coffea, 0. arabica (tab. 1303), which has 
larger leaves and exserted stamens and style. It is a very 
variable plant, especially in the foliage, the leaves in some 
specimens from Malabar being lanceolate, very membranous, 
and much more acuminate. I am not aware that the seed 
has been used as coffee, as that of C. bengalensis has been, 
though it is very probable that owing to its small size it 
would hardly be worth cultivation on an extensive scale. 
The flowers are sweet-scented, as in the majority of the 

The plant was raised from seed received from Colonel 
Beddome, and flowered in the Royal Gardens in August of 
last year. The flowers are probably dimorphic, judging 
from the reduced style and imperfect stigma of the specimen 
here figured. 

Desor. A bushy shrub, three to six feet high, copiously 
leafy. Branches slender, obscurely quadrangular, tips 
obscurely puberulous, bark brown. Leaves three to four 
inches long, very variable in shape from broadly ovate to 

akkil 1st, 1884. 

lanceolate, obtuse, acute, or drawn out into a long obtuse 
or acute point, membranous or thinly coriaceous; stipules 
very small, triangular. Flowers solitary or three to four 
tog< ther in the axils of the leaves, shortly pedicelled, erect, 
minutely bracteolate under the calyx, white, sweet-scented. 
Calyx very small, tube cylindric, puberulous, truncate or 
minutely five-toothed. Corolla white, tube three-quarters 
of an inch to one inch long, very slender; limb two-thirds 
of an inch to one inch in diameter, lobes ovate or lanceolate 
obtuse. Anthers included, linear, sessile, their tips only 
exserted. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut longitudinally; 2, stamens; 3, imperfect stigma; 4, bracts 
and ovary ; 5, transverse section of ovary :— all enlarged. 


Vincent. Broorts Day < 

LReeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6750. 
ACANTHOMINTHA ilicifolia. 

Native of Lower California. 

Nat. Ord. Labiatje. — Tribe Satfbeine^:. 
Genus Acanthomintha, A. Gray; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1192.) 

Acanthomintha ilicifolia ; herba annua, fere glaberrima, a basi ramosa, ramis 
foliosis, foliis petiolatis rotundatis v. ovato-cuneatis grosse crenato-dentatis, 
verticillastris paucifloris, bracteis oppositis foliis majoribus sessilibns orbiculatis 
rigidis marginibus callosis longe spinoso-dentatis reticulatis, floribus puberulis. 

A. ilicifolia, A. Gray Synopt. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 365. 

CalaminthaP § Acanthomintba ilicifolia, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. viii. 
p. 368. 

A singular little plant, with much the habit of a small 
Lamiitm, and faintly aromatic smell, but nearer to Gala- 
miniha, to which genus it was originally doubtfully referred 
by its author. Its nearest ally is, according to Dr. Gray, 
the Brazilian genus Glechon, of which there are a good 
many species ; both differ from the characters of the tribe 
to which they are referred (Satureinew) in the hooded 
upper lip of the corolla. 

A. ilicifolia is a native of the St. Diego country of 
California, bordering on Mexico. The specimen figured 
was raised from seeds sent by Mr. "Wright, of St. Diego, 
which flowered in July of last year in the open border. 
The chief interest of the plant is botanical, as being a 
monotypic genus, the affinities of which are with a genus 
of far-distant tropical Brazil. 

Descb. A small annual, with a faint aromatic smell, 
nearly glabrous, branching from the root; branches 
spreading and ascending, six to eight inches long, leafy 
throughout. Leaves petioled, half to one inch long, 
rounded or ovate with a cuneate base, coarsely bluntly 
toothed, base narrowed into a petiole shorter than the 
blade. Flowers three to eight in a whorl, in all the upper 
axils ; whorls subtended by a pair of opposite bracts, which 

apbix 1st, 1834. 

are larger than the loaves, sessile, orbicular, coriaceous, 
finely reticulated, puberulous, with thickened margins and 
long spinous diverging teeth. Calyx tubular, pubescent, 
two-lipped, tube thirteen-ribbed; teeth triangular-lanceolate, 
acuminate ; throat sparsely villous. Corolla half an inch 
long ; tube slender, twice as long as the calyx ; upper lip 
small, oblong, obtuse, concave, white ; lower broad, purple 
with a yellow throat, four-lobed, lobes rounded, the lateral 
broadest. Stamens inserted in the corolla-throat; fertile 
two, filaments stout glabrous ; anthers didymous ; stami- 
nodes small, filiform, capitellate. Disk very large, shortly 
columnar. Style very slender, glabrous ; stigmatic arms 
shortly filiform. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bract ; 2, flower ; 3, portion of corolla and stamens ; 4, disk and ovary ; 
5, disk and carpels : — all enlarged. 



Vmcent Brook; Day &Souinp 

L Reeve & C c ' 

Tab. 6751. 
labichea lanceolata. 

Native of South-Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos.e. — Tribe Cabbies. 
Genus Labichea, Gaud. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 573.) 

Labichea lanceolata ; frutex erectus, glaberrimus, foliis 1-3-foliolatis subsessilibus, 
foliolis lineari-oblongis linearibusve utrinque acuminatis apice pungentibus 
coriaceis nitidis, racemis axillaribus foliosis, sepalis 4-5 oblongis, petalis 4 
sepalis duplo majoribus rotundatis aureis, antbera majore cornitorme minore 
lineari-oblonga duplo majore, ovario stipitato villoso-sericeo. 

L lanceolata, Benth. Enum. PI. BZueg. p. 41 ; Fl. Austral, vol. ii. p. 293. 

L. diversifolia, Meissn. in PI. Preiss. vol. i. p. 23 ; Lindl. et Paxt. PI. Gard. 
t 52. 

L. bipunctata, Paxt. Mag. vol. x. p. 150, cum Ic. 

Labichea is an Australian genus closely allied to Cassia, 
but differing remarkably in having only two stamens, and 
these being often very dissimilar; only five species are 
known, and of these the present alone has been brought 
into cultivation. The genus was named by M. Gaudichaud, 
the naturalist attached 'to the expedition, in memory of an 
officer (M. Labiche) of the " Uranie," a French frigate, 
which was sent on an exploring voyage under the command 
of Captain Freycinet. L. lanceolata is one of the many 
beautiful Western Australian plants that were introduced 
shortly after the colonization of Perth and the Swan ffciver 
Settlement, chiefly through the exertions of the late Captain 
Mangles. Of these plants, which were once almost the 
rage, the Bhodanthe Manglesii is now one of the few 
remaining that is common in greenhouse or conservatory ; 
the rest have for the most part been watered to death, 
having been treated like Geraniums and other " greenhouse 

L. lanceolata is apparently a widely distributed species, 
being found from the Murchison River, on the west coast, 
in lat. 27i° S., to Swan River, lat. 35° S., on the south 

apeil 1st, 1884. 

coast, a distance of nearly 500 miles. It forms a charming 
little shrub, with its glossy bright green leaves and golden 
flowers. Its reintroduction is due to the persistent energy 
of our friend Baron Mueller, who, though with no garden at 
his command, continues his contribution of seeds and living 
plants to Kew, and who procured the seeds of this from 
Champion Bay in 1880 ; the plants raised from these seeds 
flowered in May, 1883. It was, however, cultivated by 
Messrs. Low, of Clapton, so long ago as 1S40. 

Descr. A glabrous shrub, six to eight feet high, with 
erect twiggy branches. Leaves three-foliolate or reduced 
to a single leaflet, sessile; leaflets coriaceous, middle one 
two to four inches long, narrowly linear-oblong or elliptic- 
lanceolate, acute at both ends, margins thickened, midrib 
very stout, ending in an exserted pungent point ; nervation 
finely reticulate ; smaller leaflets a quarter to one inch 
long, sometimes absent. Flowers three-quarters of an inch 
in diameter, in shortly peduncled axillary racemes two to 
four inches long; pedicels slender. Sepals five or four, 
the two posterior being united, linear-oblong, concave, 
puberulous. Petals orbicular, margins erose, golden yellow, 
the posterior with two bright red blotches at the base. 
Stamens two, filaments very short ; anther of the larger 
stamens horn-like, the cells one-third the length of the 
tubular curved upper portion, which is obtuse, with a small 
transverse subterminal pore ; smaller anthers linear, curved, 
with a similar pore. Ovary pedicelled, ellipsoid, villously 
silky ; style slender, as long as the cell. Pod one to one 
and a half inch long, pedicelled, obliquely oblong, acute, 
one- to three-seeded. Seeds small, brown, shortly oblong ; 
limicle swollen in the middle. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, stamens, and ovary ; 2 and 3 longer, and 4 and 5, shorter anthers ; 
6, ovary; 7, pod; 8, portion of pod and young seed :— all but fig. 7 enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks "Day & Son.taf 

L.Reeve ItC? London . 

Tab. 6752. 
LEIOPHYLLUM buxifolium. 

Native of the United States. 

Kat. Ord. Ebicace.e. — Tribe Rhodobb^e. 
Genus Leiophylltjm, Pers,; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 597.) 

Leiophteltxm buxifolium ; fruticulus glaberrimus, humilis, ramosissimus, ramis 
foliosis, foliis parvis breviter petiolatis oppositis alternisque ovatis v. oblongis 
integerrimis obtusis crasse coriaceis, floribus parvis in coiymbos termiuales 
dispositis albis, pedicellis gracilibus, alabastris roseis. 

L. buxifolium, Elliott Sketch Bot. Carolin. vol. i. p. 483 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 
vol. iii. p. 48; DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 730; A. Gray Man. Bot. N. U. States, 
ed. 5, p. 301 ; Goodale, Wild Flowers of America, t. 49. 

L. thymifolium, G. Don Gen. Sj/st. p. 851. 

L. serpyllifolium, DC. I. c. 

L. prostratuni, Loud. Arboret. p. 1155. , 

Ledum buxifolium, Berg in Act. Petrop. 1777, p. 1, t. 3, f. 2. 

L. thymifolium, Lamk. Diet. vol. iii. p. 459 ; III. t. 363, f. 2. 

Dendbium buxifolium, Desv. Journ. Bot. vol. i. p. 36. 

Fischeba buxifolia, Swartz in Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. vol. xiv. t. 1. 

Ammybbtne buxifolia, Pursh. Fl. Am. Sept. vol. i. p. 301 ; Lindl. Bot. Meg. t, 531. 

A. prostrata, Sweet Hort. Brit. ed. 1. 

A. Lyoni, Sweet I. c. ed. 1830, p. 344. 

The subject of this plate is burthened with a complicated 
synonymy, partly because several generic names were 
proposed for it at no distant intervals, and partly because it 
inhabits two widely distant and dissimilar localities, whence 
it was inferred that the species from each must be different. 
It is certainly singular that a plant should be common in 
the sandy pine barrens of New Jersey and the mountain 
tops of Virginia, and found in no intermediate locality ; but 
such appears to be the case. It is an exceedingly pretty 
little shrub, closely allied to Ledum, and known in the 
United States as the " Sand Myrtle." It was introduced 
into England so long ago as 1736 by Peter Collinson, F.R.S., 
the Quaker and Linendraper, who was the chief encourager 

APBIL 1st, 1884. 

of Gardens and Plantations of his day, and whose gardens 
were first at Peckham and latterly near Hendon. 

L. buxifolium has long been cultivated at Kew, where it 
flowers in May and June. The specimen here figured was 
presented by Messrs. Little and Ballantyne, of Carlisle. 

Desck. A small rigid bush twelve to eighteen inches high, 
much branched, and copiously leafy. Leaves opposite and 
alternate, spreading and recurved, shortly petioled, about 
half an inch long, thickly coriaceous, ovate or obovate, obtuse, 
quite entire. Flowers very numerous, about a quarter of an 
inch in diameter, in crowded terminal umbelliform corymbs, 
white with pink tips and backs to the petals ; pedicels half 
an inch long, very slender, with minute bracts at their base. 
Sepals lanceolate, acuminate. Petals nearly twice as long 
as the sepals, elliptic, subacute, concave, spreading. 
Stamens ten, filaments very slender, five of them as long as 
the petals, five longer ; anthers small, red-brown, opening 
by slits. Disk crenate. Ovary ovoid, glandular; style 
short ; stigma simple. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, back view of flower ; 3, flower cut open vertically ; 4, calyx 
and ovary ; 5, anthers; 6, stigma; 7, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


VixLcexitBroola Day &..Son limp 

Tab. 6753. 
abies beligiosa. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Old. Conifee.e. — Tribe Abietine.e. 
Genus Abies, Juts. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 441.) 

Abies religiosa; ramis pendulis ultimis hirtellis, foliis ramo undique laxe insertis 
sub-bit'ariis patentibus anguste linearibus rectis v. curvulis planiusculis obtusis 
v. acutis basi tortis pulvinis parvis facie superiore leviter sulcatis viridibus, 
inftriore utrinque cost* fascia pallida notatis, strobilis masculis oblongis v. 
oblongo-cylindraceis obtusis folio subduplo brevioribus, foemineis maturis 
sessilihus 4-6-pollicaribus oblongo-cylindraceis obtusis violaceis, squainis vix 
uuguiculatis late obovato-spathulatis glabris marginibus integris puberulis, 
braeteis late oblanceolatis apicibus triangularibus acutis exsertis crasse costatis 
recurvis, seminibus cum alis oblique obovatis nucleo angusto. 

A. religiosa, Schlecht. in IAnneea, vol. v. p. 77 ; Lindl. in Penny Cyclop, vol. i. 

p. 6; Carriere Conif. p. 202; Hemdey Biolog. Centr. Amer. vol. iii. p. 190; 

M'Nab in Proc. R. Irish Acad. sev. 2, vol. ii. p. 676, t. 46, f. 2. 

A. hirtella, Lindl. I. e. 

Picea religiosa. Loud. Arboret. vol. iv. p. 2349, f. 2257 ; Gord. Pinet. p. 153, 
ed. 2, p. 212. 

P. glaucescens, Gord. Pin. ed. 1, p. 149. 

PiMUS religiosa, H. B. et K. Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. ii. p. 5 ; Lamb. Pin. ed. 3, 
p. 76, t. 43 ; Antoine. Conif. p. 75, t. 28, f. 2 ; Endlich. Cenif. p. 92 ; Parlator. 
in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. p. 420. 

P. hirtella, II. B. et K. 1. c. ; Antoine I. c. p. 80 ; Endlich. 1. c. p. 93. 

Apparently a widely distributed Silver Fir in the moun- 
tain forests of Mexico, at elevations of 8000 to 10,000 feet, 
but descending to 4000 in some places. It is a very 
handsome umbrageous species, with longer branches and a 
more pendulous habit than its northern allies, either 
American, as A. nohilis, grandis, lasiocarpa, &o. ; or 
European, as A. pectinata. It is, unfortunately, tender in 
this country, fine specimens being only to be seen in the 
southern and western counties and in Ireland. That from 
which the specimen here figured was procured forms a 
singularly handsome tree in the superb collection of 
Coniferas at Fota Island, Cork, the well-known seat of 

MAT 1st, 1884. 

A. H. Smith Barry, Esq., to whom I am indebted for sending 
it to Kew for identification. Dr. M'Nab places A. religiosa 
next to ^4. bmcteata, considering it very closely related, an 
opinion I cannot subscribe tp ; for in habit, form and 
nature of the buds foliage and bracts, they seem to me to 
be very different indeed. In all these respects A. religiosa 
approaches nearer to A. nobilis, in the cones especially. 
Gordon describes as a var. A, glauccscens, Roezel, with 
leaves silvery on both surfaces, so as to make the trees 
appear as if snowed upon. The name religiosa is in allusion 
to the branches being used in the decoration of churches 
in Mexico. 

Desce. A tree attaining: 150 feet high, with a trunk five 
to six feet m diameter, a sparse habit, and long spreading 
branches with drooping hairy branchlets. Leaves one to 
one and a half inch long by one-twelfth to one-tenth of an 
inch broad, inserted loosely all round the branches, but 
chiefly pointing bifariously, widely spreading, curved, acute 
or obtuse, exactly linear, base with a half-twist; upper 
surface deep green, obscurely channelled, lower with a pale 
glaucous band of stomata on each side of the midrib. Gone 
erect, four to six inches long, sessile, cylindric-oblong, tip 
rounded, two to two and a half inches in diameter, dark 
violet blue. Bracts with triangular exserted recurved tips. 
Scales very numerous, broadly obovate-spathulate, sessile ; 
broad end thin, rounded, obscurely puberulous. Seeds, 
including the wing, obliquely obovate, nearly as long as the 
scale, nucleus narrow. — J. 1). H. 

Fig. 1, and 2, Leaves; 3, transverse section of leaf ; 4, dorsal view of scale and 
bract ; 5, scale and seeds :— all enlarged. 



MS.&el.JN Pitch lith. 

Vincent Broote 

jiSonfa 1 

L "Reeve &. C° London 

Tab. 6754. 
TULIPA Kesselringii. 

Native of Turhistan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:.— Tribe Txjlipeje. 
Genus Tr/LIPA, Linn.; (Benth. et Koolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa Kesselringii ; bulbo globoso tunicis exterioribus intus parce strigosis, folus 
4-5 lorato-laiiceolatis glabris suberectis facie canaliculars, pedunculoelongato 
glabro, perianthii lutei campanula^ magnitudine mediocris segmentis inten- 
oribus obovato-oblongis subobtusis exterioribus oblongis acutis dorso rubvo- 
viridulis, staminibus pemnthio 2-3-plo brevioribus, antberis filamento glabro 
subaequilongis, stigmatibus parvulis. 

T. Kesseh-ingii, Regel Gartenfi. vol. xxviii. (1879), p. 34, t. 964 ; Baker in Gard. 
Chiron. 1883, part 1, p. 789. 

T. Hoeltzeri, Hort. Petrop. 

This is another of the new Tulips which have been 
discovered recently in Central Asia. It was drawn from 
specimens supplied by Mr. Elwes last April, and was 
received by him from Dr. Regel, under the unpublished 
name of Tulipa Hoeltzeri. It appears to me quite identical 
with the plant which has been figured and described as 
Tulipa Kesselringii, which was sent to Europe from the 
mountains of Turkistan by Dr. Albert Regel about 1878, 
and was named by Dr. Regel after his son-in-law, Herr 
J. Kesselring. We do not possess any wild examples of 
of the plant. It falls into the group Gesneriance, by the side 
T. Didieri, Bot. Mag. t. 6639, and T. Kolpakawshiana, Bot. 
Mag. t. 6718, but in habit and flower-colouring at first sight 
it recalls far more strongly the Greek T. Orphanidea, Bot. 
Mag. t. 6310, the finest specific type of the Sylvestris group. 
We have also had it in cultivation at Kew, and it appears 
to be perfectly hardy. 

Descr. Bulb middle-sized, globose, outer tunics dark 
brown, slightly strigose on the inner face. Leaves lorate- 
lanceolate, four or five crowded together at the base of 
.the stem, suberect, half a foot long, slightly glaucous, 

MAY 1st, 1884. 

channelled down the face, quite glabrous on the surfaces 
and margin. Peduncle t< I I glabrous, four to eight 
inches long. Perianth campanulate, bright yellow, one 
and a half or two inches long; inner segments obovate- 
oblong, subobtuse, half an inch broad a little above the 
middle; outer oblong, acute, flushed with red and green 
on the back. Stamens bright yellow, less than half as 
long as the perianth ; anthers obtuse, a quarter of an inch 
long, about equalling the filaments. Stigmas not quite 
equalling the ovary in diameter. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of a stamen ; 2, back view of a stamen ; 3, pistil :— all much 


MS.del J.KmdiMh. 


I Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6755. 

SAGITTARIA hontevidexsis. 

Native of South America* 

Nat. Ord. Alismace.e. — Tribe Alismeje. 
Genus Sagittaria, Linn,; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 1006.) 

Sagittabia montevtdensis ; elata, foliis sagittatis polymorpbis, scapo fcemineo 
valido, verticillis approximatis, bracteis lanceolatis parvis, pedicellis masc. 
elongatis gracilibus, fcem. brevibus crassis fructiferis recurvis, floribus amplis, 
sepalis oblongis, petalis magnis cuneato-orbiculatis niveis plaga basilari pur- 
purea aureo cincta notatis, filamentis brevibus papillosis, antheris oblongis, 
acheniis numerosissimis densissime congestis cuneatis compressis eglandulosis, 
stylo elongato-subulato. 

S. montevidensis, Cham, et Schleckt. in Linnaa, vol. ii. p. 156 ; Kunth Enum. 
vol. iii. p. 157; Seubert in Mart. Fl. Bras. fasc. viii. p. 110; Micheli in 
A. DC. Monog. Phanerog. vol. iii. p. 75. 

S. chilensis, Cham, et Schlecht. I. c. 

One of the most beautiful water-plants, other than water- 
lilies, that has been introduced into the tropical aquarium 
of Kew since its establishment, and a very free grower and 
flowerer. Nothing can exceed the snowy whiteness of the 
flowers, which are produced in succession, relieved as they 
are by the rich maroon blotches, bordered with pale gold, 
at the base of each petal. Like so many other water-plants, 
it has a wide range of geographical distribution, namely, 
from Jamaica to Monte Video on the River Plate, and 
from Lima in Peru to Valdivia in Chili. Tweedy, who 
found it near Buenos Ayres, describes it as most abundant 
in the marshes of La Plata, forming great bushes five feet 
high. Specimens in the Kew Herbarium, collected by 
M. Gibert in Uruguay, have the rachis of the female panicle 
much thicker than the thumb, and leaves a foot in diameter. 
The leaves are exceedingly variable in breadth, and in the 
shape and divergence of the always long basal lobes ; in 
the specimen figured the leaf is three times as long as 
broad, with the auricles narrow and parallel; in the 
extreme opposite form the leaf is twice as broad as long, 

mat 1st, 1884. 

measuring six inches across the triangular auricles which 
diverge at right angles. 

The seeds of this lovely plant, collected at Buenos Ayres, 
were brought to Kew by John Ball, Esq., F.R.S., early in 
1883, and the plants raised therefrom flowered in June of 
the same year. 

Descr. Eootstock tuberous. Leaves numerous; petiole 
two to three feet long, stout, subcylindric, tapering up- 
wards ; blade hastate, with the lobes as long or longer 
than the upper portion, from narrowly oblong to deltoid, 
many-nerved, acute or finely acuminate, basal lobes narrow 
and parallel or triangular and diverging. Male peduncle 
two to three feet high, slender ; panicle a foot long, with 
many whorls of six to eight flowers in a whorl; bracts 
ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, one-third to one-half of an inch 
long, green; pedicels one to two inches long, decurved 
after flowering. Sepals half an inch long, oblong, concave, 
obtuse, green. Petals one to one and a half inches broad, 
broader than long, rounded with a subcuneate base, pure 
white with a large marroon spot at the base bordered with 
yellow. Stamens numerous, surrounding a small head of 
abortive ovaries, filaments short papillose. Female peduncle 
much stouter, with much shorter pedicels and usually 
broader bracts. Perianth as in the male. Ovaries in a 
globose green head, ovate, compressed, glabrous; style 
subterminal. Achenes most densely packed in a depressed 
globose head almost an inch in diameter, dull green, cuneate, 
with an elongate-subulate style projecting laterally from 
the inner angle, glabrous, eglandular.— /. 1). H. 

„, V x lg .: l ' He * d of ?tamen; 2 and 3, young stamens; 4, abortive ovaries from the 

X ^ *V ! a 8ingle achene from the san 'e; 6, head of ripe achenes ; 7, achenes; 
o. aeutne cut oiipn • Q aa *A *7 ?_ « ' ' r •' ' 

8, cut open ; 9, seed :— all enlarged. 


-Xlitch, Irth 

1 Re«ve 

Tab. 6756. 
Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Solanace.e. — Tribe Solane^:. 
Genus Solanum, Linn.; (Bentk. et Hoolc.f. Gen.JPl. vol. ii. p. 888.) 

Solanum MagVia ; herbaeeum, inerme, puberulum, rhizomate tuberifero, caule 
erecto ramoso alato, foliis pinnatis, foliolis 5-7 majoribus late ovatis oblongisve 
basi rotundatis v. cordatis lateralibus petiolulatis, minoribus interjectis parvts 
v. 0, infimis stipulaeformibus, cjmis compositis longe pedunculatis, pedicellis 
medio articulatis, calycis hispidi lobis ovato-lanceolatis tubo longioribus, corolla 
rotata lobis brevibus deltoideis, 61amentis brevissimis, stjdo elongato. 

S. Maglia, Sehlecht. Hort. Hal. vol. i. p. 6 ; Dunal in DC. Prodr. vol. xiii. pt. 1, 
p. 33 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxi. ined. 

S. tuberosum, Sabine in Trans. Hort. Soc. vol. v. p. 240, t. 9, f. 2 et 11. 

The plate opposite to this description represents charac- 
teristically the plant tubers of which were sent bj Mr. 
Alexander Caldcleugh from Chili to the Royal Horticultural 
Society in 1822 as those of the true wild Potato, and which 
was afterwards found by Darwin in the Chonos Archipelago, 
and mentioned in his narrative of " The Voyage of the 
Beagle." The history of both these discoveries is well 
known ; Mr. Caldcleugh' s tubers were cultivated in manured 
soil at the Horticultural Society's Gardens, where two plants 
yielded about 600 tubers of the size of a pigeon's egg and 
under, which had when boiled the flavour of a common 
potato. This plant and its tubers were fully described by 
Sabine in the Society's Transactions. Darwin describes 
his tubers as oval, two inches in diameter, and as exactly 
resembling in smell and shape the common potato, but they 
shrunk and proved watery and insipid when boiled. Tubers 
of the same species were given to Kew in 1862 by Dr. 
Sclater, F.R.S. ; these were grown in the sandy soil of the 
pleasure grounds without manure. They bore no tubers 
in 1863 or 1864, but have since, and the plate here given 
represents these, its cultivation having been continued up 
to this time. 

mvy 1st, 1884. 

Nevertheless it would appear to be established by Mr. 
Baker's researches that 8. Maglia, which is invariably a 
coast plant, is not the origin of the Potato, which must be 
sought in the very closely allied 8. tuberosum, a native of 
the Andes of Chili and Peru. I must refer the reader to 
Mr. Baker's valuable paper on the tuber-bearing species of 
Solanum, in the twenty-first volume of the Journal of the 
Linnaaan Society, for a full account of 8. Maglia and its 
allies. These extend northward to New Mexico, where 
8. Jamesii and Fendleri are found, and both of which have 
lately been brought into cultivation. 

Experiments are now being carried out under the auspices 
of the Royal Agricultural Society to improve the qualities of 
the Potato, especially as to its power of resisting attacks of 
the Potato disease, by crossing 8. tuberosum with its allies, 
and amongst them with flf. Maglia, which it is proposed to 
distinguish in future by the name of the " Darwin Potato." 

As above stated, the drawing here given was made from 
plants raised from the original tubers given to the Royal 
Gardens by Dr. Sclater in 1802, which flower freely every 
autumn, and yield watery scarcely edible potatoes. 

Descr. Nearly glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Tubers 
subglobose or oblong, the largest one to one and a half 
inches long in longest diameter, surface smooth, red brown. 
Stem two feet high, erect, stout, branched, angled and 
winged. Leaves four to eight inches long; leaflets five to 
seven, the larger two to three inches long, ovate or oblong, 
acute, waved, lateral petiolulate, base oblique, rounded or 
cordate; basal leaflets small, stipuliform ; intermediate 
small leaflets few or none. Cymes compound, many-flowered, 
pedicels slender. Flowers white, one inch in diameter. 
Calyx hirsute; lobes ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, longer 
than the tube. Corolla rotate ; lobes short, broadly deltoid, 
subacute. Filaments very short; anthers orange-yellow, 
linear-oblong. Style twice as long as the stamens.—/. D. E. 

&*^?& l J&ttiX& andstisma; Mransverse 



Tab. 6757. 
TILLANDSIA steeptophylla. 

Native of Mexico and Honduras. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.2E. — Tribe Tillandsie-E. 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn. ; (Benth. et SooTc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 669.) 

Tillandsia (Platystacbys) streptophylla ; foliis dense rosulatis lineari-lanceolatis 
acuminatis insigniter spiraliter tortis semipedalibus et ultra utrinque dense 
persistenter albo-lepidotis basibus oblongis erectis ventricosis, pedunculo brevi 
foliis bracteiformibus rubellis imbricatis apicibus squarrosis, spifis pluvibus 
densis distachis, bracteis oblongo-laneeolatis navicularibus lepidotis valde 
imbricatis, calyce incluso glabro, petalis lilacinis angustis calyce triplo longi- 
oribus, genitalibus exsertis. 

T. streptopbylla, Schtoeid. in Sortie. Belg. 1836, vol. iii. p. 252, cum icone ; 
Schlecht. in Linncea, vol. xviii. p. 427 ; E. Morren in Belg. Sort. 1878, 
p. 296, t. 18, 19 ; Semsley in Biol. Cent. Amer. Bot. vol. iii. p. 322. 

T. circinnata, Schlecht. in Linncea, vol. xviii. p. 430. 

T. tortilis, A. Brong. MSS. 

Vbiesea streptophylla, JE. Morren Cat. Bromel. 1873, p. 17. 

This Bromeliad, from its remarkable habit, is quite a 
botanical curiosity. Like its neighbours, it grows on old 
trunks of trees. The bases of the leaves form a large 
pitcher round the base of the stem, and from this rise their 
long tapering leathery blades, which are rolled up spirally, 
and twisted in all directions in the most irregular fashion. 
The spikes and individual flowers do not show any striking 
difference from some of the best-known West Indian 
representatives of this large genus, such as T. polystachya 
and T.^ fasciculata. There is a specimen at the British 
Museum, gathered in the Mosquito territory as long ago as 
1744 by Captain Miller, but it was not described and named 
till a century later. It has long been cultivated sparingly 
as a curiosity in the Belgian, English, and French conser- 
vatories, and it has been found wild in Mexico by Schiede, 
Bourgeau, and Halm. 

Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered at 
Kew last April. 

may 1st, 1884. 

Descr. TVhole plant a foot or a foot and a half long. 
i in a dense basal rosette, their rigid ventricose erect 
dilated base two or three inches long and broad ; blade six 
or nine inches long, an inch broad at the base, tapering 
gradually to a long point, very much twisted spirally from 
low down, firm in texture, densely lepidote on both surfaces. 
Peduncle short, quite hidden by its numerous amplexicaul 
red-tinted lepidote imbricated bract-like leaves, with short 
free linear recurving tips. Spike* four to eight in a short 
panicle, distichous, three or four inches long, under an inch 
broad ; bracts oblong-lanceolate, much imbricated, densely 
lepidote. Calyx half an inch long, hidden by the amplexi- 
caul bract, glabrous, cut down nearly to the base. Corolla 
cylindrical, bright lilac, an inch and a half long. Stamens 
exserted. Style-branches overtopping the stamens, short, 
twisted spirally, flattened towards the tip. Capsule an 
inch and a half long. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Lepidote scale from a leaf : — muck enlarged ; 2, a flower complete except 
the calyx : — life size ; 3, front view of an anther ; 4, hack view of an anther ; 5, 
pistil : — all mare or less enlarged. 


W:'. del I H I ,i.\,\.u. 

Vincent Broods Day &Son Iiup 

Tab. G7q8. 
BEGONIA Lyncheana. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniacf^e. 
Genus Begonia, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol.i. p. 81,1, ) 

Begonia (Begoniastrmn) Lyncheana; monoica, glabervima, rhiz.>mato fcuberoso, 
caule crasso erecto ramo^o f'olioso, foliis breviter prtiulatis late oblique oblongo- 
ovatis rotundatisve obseuve lobatis dentieulatia ciliolatis basi profunde cordato- 
2-lobis, stipulis magnis, pedunculis elontjatis validis, coryuibis tenninalibus 
aniplis multi florid, floi ibus coccineis, masculis precoeioribua, perianthii segmenti* 
2 orbicularis, staminibus undique patentibus, antheris brevibus oblongis obtusis 
filamentis liberis longioribns, fl. foem. perianthii segmeutU 2-t-parvia concavis 
ovario 3-4-ptevo, alis latis obtusi-s dorsali elongato. stylis 3 profunde fusia 
stigmatibus subglobosis, plaeentis 2-fidis lobis unliqae ovulitVris. 

B. Roezlii, Lynch in " The Garden," vol. xxiv. p. 162, t. 402 [uon Rtgel). 

A very noble species of a genus the ornamental species 
of which, numerous as they are, both Indian and American, 
are far from being exhausted for garden purposes. It 
belongs to the American set of the genus, but does not fit 
well into any of the sixty-one sections as defined by A. De 
Candolle in his elaborate monograph of the genus published 
in the fifteenth volume of the Prodromus. It comes near 
to Gireoudia, from which it differs in the multifid styles, 
in the free spreading filaments, and in the anthers not being 
in a compressed one-sided mass. Upon the whole, I believe 
its affinity is with the species of the section Begoniastrum, 
A. DC. (Begonia proper of Klotzsch), notwithstanding the 
few perianth lobes of the female flower, and the much 
divided styles; and in this case its near ally is B. nitida, 
Ait. (see Tab. 4046), with which it precisely accords in 
habit. The styles are in fact nearly those of section Hitsyia, 

A. DC., but are less deeply divided (see B. octopetala, 
t. 3559, B. rubricaulis, t. 4131, B. ClarJcei, t. 5675, and 

B. rosceflora, t. 5680). 

B. Lyncheana has been known under the name of B. 
Roezli, apparently given in ignorance of there being a 

JTNE 1st, 18S4. 

previously-published Begonia of that name (see Regel's 
Gartenflora, t. 871). It is a Mexican species, introduced 
by seed from Roezl, according to a note published in the 
" Gardener's Chronicle," vol. xi. part 1, p. 566 (1879), by 
M. Benary, of Erfurt, who raised it. Mr. Lynch, to whom 
I am indebted for the specimen here figured, received it 
from the Rev. Mr. Law, of Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire, 
and I gladly dedicate it to the indefatigable superintendent 
of the Cambridge Botanical Gardens, who has raised that 
establishment to a high degree of scientific value and of 
beauty. It flowers in early winter and for many succeeding 

Descr. Quite glabrous, monoecious. Bootstoch stout, 
somewhat tuberous. Stem two to three feet high, erect, 
branched, as thick as the little finger, pale bright green, 
smooth. Leaves alternate, shortly petioled, five to eight 
inches long, very obliquely orbicular-oblong or subreniform, 
obscurely lobed, base deeply cordate with rounded lobes, 
margin erose and ciliolate, nerves ten to twelve, radiating 
from the petiole, bright green above, paler beneath with 
reddish nerves ; petiole shorter than the blade, as thick as 
a goose-quill ; stipules an inch long, sheathing, membranous, 
very deciduous. Peduncles axillary, stout, six to ten inches 
long, as thick as a swan's quill. Panicle corymbiform, six 
to eight inches in diameter, many-flowered, top flat, when 
young enclosed in an involucriform cup formed of two 
connate membranous bracts; flowers bright scarlet; pedicels 
half an inch long, slender. Male fl. most abundant, 
appearing first. Perianth segments two, three-quarters of 
an inch in diameter, rounded, concave. Stamens many, in 
a hemispheric cluster; filaments free, shorter than the 
shortly oblong obtuse anthers. Female fl. Perianth seg- 
ments two to four, much smaller than in the male, concave. 
Ovary three- to four- winged ; wings broad, rounded, dorsal 
produced very obtuse; placentas two-partite, segments 
ovuliferous on both faces, styles three, deeply divided, with 
capitate stigmas. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, branch of female flower; 3, stigmas; 4 and 5, transverse 
sections of 4- and 5-celled ovaries -.—all but Jig. 2 enlarged. 




L Reeve &.C° London 

Tab. 6750. 
TRICHOCAULON piliferum. 

Natioe of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Tribe Stapelie2E. 
Genus Tbichocaulox (X. E. Brown in Journ. Linn. Soc, vol. xvii. p. 164.) 

Teichocaulon piliferum ; caule brevissimo, ramis cylindraceis crassissimis erectis 
obtusis multi-sulcatis inter sulcos mamillatis, mamillis laeviuus seta rigida 
terminatis, floribus sparsis sessilibus, sepalis ovatis acuininatis, corolla late 
infundibulari-campanulata intus purpurea breviter 5-loba lobis late triangu- 
laribus acuminatis intus papulosis , corona? lobis 2-fidis. 

T. piliferum. N. E. Brown, I. c. t. xi. f. 1. 

Stapelia pilifera, Linn. Suppl. p. 171; Thunb. El. Cap. vol. ii. p. 165 ; Masson 
Stapel. Nov. p. 17, t. 23. 

S. (Gronostenion) pilifera, DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 655. 

Piahanthus piliferus, Sweet, Hort. Brit. p. 35'.). 

The singular plant here figured was published upwards 
of a century ago by Linnaaus from specimens (or more 
probably a description) communicated by Thunberg from 
the Cape of Good Hope, and a very fair figure of it was 
published by Francis Masson in 1796, in his " Stapelice 
Novas." Nothing further was known of it till 1882, when 
living specimens were received at the Royal Gardens from the 
Capetown Botanical Gardens, which flowered in 1883, and 
from which the present drawing was made. Previous to 
this, however, living specimens of another species of the 
genus were sent to Kew by Sir Henry Barkly, when 
Governor of the Colony, upon which Mr. N. E. Brown, in 
1880, founded the genus Tricliocavlon, to which also he 
referred the Stapelia pilifera of Linnaeus. 

The genus Trlchocaulon is placed by Mr. Brown next to 
Hoodia (see Tabs. 6228 and 6348), of which it has the 
habit, but differs in the small five-lobed corolla, and deeply 
bilobed processes of the outer corona, which are horizontal 
and subfalcate. Both species are natives of the Karroo 

jcne 1st, 1884. 

district. The other species, T. flavum, N. E. Br., has a 
yellow corolla five-cleft to the base. 

T.pXifenm flowered at Kew in April, 1883, from speci- 
mens sent by Prof. MacOwan, F.L.S., Director of the 
Botanical Garden at Capetown. 

.Masson says of it, that it is found under shrubs on the 
driest hills of the Karroo near Roggevedt, and that it is 
eaten by the Hottentots, who call the plant Ghiaap. 
m Descb. Stem short, stout, as thick as the thumb, buried 
in the soil. Branches tufted, straight, cylindric, simple, 
erect, four to six inches high and one and a half to two 
inches m diameter, rounded at the top, dull grey green, with 
thirty to forty deep furrows ; ridges between the furrows 
presenting a series of mamillary smooth tubercles tipped 
with a stout bristle one-sixth of an inch long that has a 
white base. Flowers one-half to two-thirds of an inch in 
diameter, sessile in the furrows. Sepals one-third the 
length of the corolla-tube, ovate, acuminate. Corolla between 
tunnel- and bell-shaped, pale yellow red without, dark 
purple within, five-lobed above the middle ; lobes broadly 
triangular, acuminate, papillose within, spreading, tips 
produced. Column small, dark purple; lobes of outer 
corona horizontal, deeply two-lobed; lobes falcate, the tips 
or those adjacent pairs almost touching. Pollen-masses 
semicircular, gland minutely winded.-— J" D H 

aw?; iSaiMs^S 1 " coIumn; 3 ' the Bame viewed from 



I "Reeve &. C°Lon&on. 

Tab. 0760. 
MECONOPSIS Wallichii, var. fusco-purpurea. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Papa vebace.e.-— Tribe Eupapavebe.e. 
Genus Meconopsis, Vig.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 52.) 

Meconopsis Wallichii, Hook. ; Bot. Mag. t. 4(568; Icon, in Jard. Fleuristr. 
vol. iii. t. 315, et in Fl. de Serves, vol. viii. t. 753 itcrata ; Hook.f. et Thorns. 
Fl. Ind. vol. i. p. 254; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Lid. vol. i. p. 119; Belgique 
Sorticole, vol. iv. t. 18. 

V ab. fusco-purpurea ; petalis fusco-purpureis. 

The Himalayan alpine and subalpine species of Meco- 
nopsis threaten to prove troublesome to the botanist, being 
sportive both in habit and in the colour of the flowers ; 
added to which the type specimens of the discoverer of 
three of them, the late Dr. Wallich, are much mixed in his 
Herbarium, now preserved in the apartments of the Linnean 
Society. These three are, M. nepalensis, DC. (t. 5585), 
M. Wallichii, Hook. (t. 4668), and M. robusta, Hook. f. 
and Thorns. ; and there is the M. aculeata, Eoxb. (Bot. 
Mag. t. 5456), which differs little except in size from M. 
Wallichii. All these have a branched panicle of large 
flowers, the development of which, in number and size of 
the flowers, depends a good deal upon the altitude and 
exposure of the locality in which they grow, insomuch that 
it would not be surprising if the species of another group 
of the genus, which are single-flowered and inhabit very 
lofty regions (M. simplicifolia, and M. horridula, Hook, t, 
and T.), proved to be reduced forms of the larger species of 
lower elevations. 

M. Wallichii was first made known by Wallich through 
the collectors which he employed in the mountains of Nepal ; 
and I collected it in the adjacent province of Sikkim in 
1848, at elevations of 9000 to 10,000 feet, whence I sent 
seeds home, which produced in 1852 the plant figured in 

JCNE 1st, 1SS4. 

this work (Tab. 4668) ; but whereas the flowers of the 
plant which I saw in Sikkim were of a dull purple colour, 
those of the cultivated ones were of a very pale blue, with 
sometimes a slight tinge of green. It is difficult, if possible, 
to match colours from memory, but I should say the colour 
of the petals in the flowering specimens which I gathered 
were nearer those of M. aculeata (Tab. 5456) than of either 
that of Tab. 4668 or of that now figured. 

With the exception of this difference of colour, I can find 
no character whereby to distinguish this variety from the 
blue-flowered one. From its Western representative, M. 
aculeata, it differs in the larger size, more divided broader 
leaves, more open panicle of larger flowers, and softer hairs. 
It is remarkable that in Royle's representation of M. 
aculeata (111. PL Himal. 1. 15), its petals are represented as 
red. From the golden-flowered M. nepalensis (t. 5585), 
which is far the tallest and handsomest of the genus, M. 
Wallichii differs in size, the smaller flowers, and much 
shorter capsules. 

M. Wallichii, var.fusco-purparea, was raised from Sikkim 
seeds by George Wilson, Esq., F.R.S., who flowered it in 
his choice collection at Wisley Wood in July last, and 
kindly sent it to me for figuring. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamens ; 2, pistil ; 3, section of ovary ; 4, hair : — all enlarged. 




I Reeve 8. C° London, 

Tab. G761. 
TULIPA Alberti. 
Native of Turkestan . 

Nat. Ord. LiLiACE.eE. — Tribe Tulipej:. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn.; (Benth. et EooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa Alberti; bulbo ovoideo magnitudine mediocri tunicis exterioribus intus 
strigosis, caule erecto unifloro trifoliato puberulo, foliis glabris glauco-viridibua 
immaculatis, inferiore oblongo-lanceolato, superioribus minoribus lanceolatis, 
pedunculo erecto puberulo, perianthii magni campanulati splendide rubri 
segmentis late imbricatis exterioribus oblongis, interioribus obovatis omnibus 
basi luteis macula magna bifida rubro-brunnea praeditis, staminibus perianthio 
2-3-plo brevioribus blamentis glabris luteis antheras lanceolatas purpureas 
superantibus, ovario trigono-cylindrico, stigmatibus sessilibus magnitudine 

T. Alberti, Regel in Gartenjlora, vol. xxvi. (1877), p. 257, t. 912; Baker in 
Gard. Chron. s. s. vol. xx. p. 153. 

This is another of the fine new Tulips which have been 
discovered lately through the Eussian explorations in 
Central Asia. It was discovered by Dr. Albert Kegel, 
after whom it was named by his father, in an expedition to 
the mountains of the province of Kuldscha, of which a 
detailed account will be found in the twenty-sixth volume 
of the Gartenflora, page 230 to 236. It is a neighbour of 
the well-known T. Gesneriana, from which it differs by its 
pubescent peduncle, flower-segments all six marked with a 
great bifid red-brown blotch upon a yellow groundwork at 
their base, and by the three outer being quite different in 
shape from the three inner. Two nearly-allied Siberian 
species have previously been introduced into English 
gardens and figured lately in the Botanical Magazine, 
T. Greigi on Tab. 6177, and the Georgian T. Eichleri on 
Tab. 6191. Our plate was drawn from a specimen that 
flowered with Mr. Blwes at Cirencester last April. 

Desce. Bulb middle-sized, the outer tunics furnished 
with a few adpressed hairs inside. Stem about a foot long 
including the peduncle, terete, finely pubescent, one- 

JUNE 1st, 1884. 

flowered. Leaves three, glaucous, glabrous, furnished with 
an inconspicuous glabrous pale horny edge, the lowest 
oblong-lanceolate, falcate, half a foot long, the two others 
smaller, lanceolate. Peduncle erect, four or five inches 
long. Perianth campanulate, bright red, two or two and 
a half inches long, the segments much imbricated, the three 
outer oblong, subacute, the three inner obovate-cuneate, 
all six furnished with a large faint bifid red-brown blotch 
on a yellow groundwork at the base. Stamens an inch 
long ; the flattened yellow filaments glabrous at the base, 
longer than the purple lanceolate anthers. Ovary green, 
cylindrical-trigonous, shorter than the stamens ; stigmas 
sessile, about equalling the diameter of the ovary. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of stamen ; 2, back view of stamen; 3, pistil: — a?^ enlarged. 



J^ay l&»Ia« 

L Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6762. 
STEUDNERA colocasi2efolia. 

Native of Burma (?). 

Nat. Ord. Aboide.e. — Tribe Dieefenbachie.e. 
Genus Steudneba, C. Koch; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 988.) 

Steudneba colocasicefolia ; caule brevi crasso, foliis longe gracile petiolatis ovato- 
oblongis acuminatis basi retusis, vagina elongata, pedunculo petiolis multo 
breviore, spatha oblongo-lanceolata attenuato-acuminata retorta basi aperta 
obtusa v. rotundata intus atro-purpurea extus sordide flava, spadice sesqui- 
pollicari, staminodiis clavellatis, stigmatibus placentisque 5. 

S. colocasisfolia, C. Koch in Wochenschrift. 1869, p. 114 ; Regel Gartenflora , 
vol. xviii. p. 323, t. 633 ; Andre III. Sortie, t. xix. (1872), p. 33, t. 90 ; Engler 
Monogr. Arac. 452 (excl. var. /3 et Syn. Gonatanthus Griffithii). 

At Tab. 6076 of this work an Aroid of unknown origin, 
but supposed to have been sent from Calcutta, is figured 
under the name of Steudnera colocasicefolia, Koch, but 
which Mr. N. Brown has determined to be a different 
species, to which he has attached the name of 8. discolor 
(" Gardener's Chronicle," vol. iv. (1875), p. 708). At that 
period there was much error in respect of the genus, which 
from its supposed affinities was concluded to be American, 
whilst the ovary had been erroneously described by both 
Koch (Wochenschrift. 1862, p. 114) and Engler (Monogr. 
Arac. p. 457) as two- to five-celled. At present about five 
species of the genus are known, viz. the present one, 8. 
discolor, Hort. Bull, from India; 8. Griffithii, Schott,from 
Burma, and two undescribed ones from Cachar. 

The genus Steudnera has been referred to the tribe 
Dieffenbachiew in the "Genera Plantarum," but it has 
much more claim to be placed in Golocasiece, where it would 
be near its close allies the Indian Ariopsis (Tab. 4222), and 
the genera Bemusatia and Gonatanthus. 

The native locality of 8. colocasicefolia is unknown, but 
is probably Eastern Asiatic. The plant flowers annually in 
the Stove at Kew early in spring. 

jxtne 1st, 1884. 

Descr. Stem very short, two to three inches high, as 
thick as a child's wrist, clothed with the membranous 
remains of old leaf-sheaths. Leaves crowded on the top of 
the stem; petiole rather slender, twelve to eighteen inches 
long, dull green, as in the long coriaceous vagina, which is 
auricled at the top; blade a foot long, ovate-oblong, 
acuminate, base retuse, dark green above with a narrow 
yellow margin, pale and glaucous beneath. Peduncle half 
as long as the petiole, rather slender, terete, dull green, 
streaked with dull red. Spathe oblong-lanceolate, long- 
acuminate, reflexed and sharply subrevolute, base rounded 
or obtuse, quite open, inner surface deep red-purple, outer 
dull yellow. Spadix one and a half inch long, rather 
slender but club-shaped, pale yellow, curved or inclined. 
Male fl. densely crowded and covering the clubbed apex, 
composed of linear anthers confluent into a columnar deeply 
grooved truncate mass, cells opening by terminal pores. 
Female fl. Ovaries crowded, subglobose, surrounded by 
two to four short clavate staminodes ; stigma of five sessile 
rays ; ovules many, on five parietal placentas, orthotropous, 
f unicles slender. — J. 1). II. 

Fig. 1, Portion of spathe and spadix; 2 and 3, transverse section of anthersj 
4, group of ovaries and staminodes; 5, transverse section of ovary; 6, ovules:— 

all en larged. 


Tab. 67C3. 


Native of Guiana ?. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnebace.e. — Tribe Cybtandkejs:. 
Genus Dbymonia, Mart; {Benth. et Roolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1007.) 

Deymonia marmorata; glaberrima, caule crasso obtuse 4-gono, foliis amplis longe 
petiolatis elliptico-ovatis utrinque subacutis crenulatis supra inter nervoa 
impressos bullatis griseo-marmoratis subtusfusco-iubris oosta nervisque crassis, 
petiolo crasso elongato, floribus inagnis fasciculatis crasse pedieelLuis, sepalia 
f'oliaceis amplis ovatis erenatis nervosis roseo-purpureis, corolla? flavae tubo 
breviter exserto limbi lobis concavis fimbriatis, filamentis insigniter tortis, 
glandula hypogyna solitaria. 

D. marmorata, Sort. Bull ; Retail List, 1884, p. 43. 

This superb plant belongs to a tropical American genus, 
the species of which are imperfectly known, and which may 
be expected to yield many species of botanical interest and 
horticultural value. About fourteen kinds are supposed to 
exist in European herbaria, but these, owing to their 
succulent habit, are almost uniformly so badly preserved 
that it is not possible to say whether the plant here figured 
is amongst those I have examined. The only species 
hitherto figured in a work on British garden plants is the 
D. bicolor, of the West Indies (the D. villosa, t. 4866, 
and D. punctata, t. 4089, are species of Episcia), which 
flowered at Knight's Nursery, in the King's Road, in 1836, 
and is represented in the " Botanical Register" (1838, t. 4), 
and which differs from this in foliage and flowers, and has 
little to recommend it for culture. The twisted filaments 
of D. marmorata are a very singular character ; I am not 
aware that it has been observed in any other species of the 

The species of Brymonia are, in so far as they are 
known, all scandent, climbing on damp rocks and tree- 
trunks by means of long aerial roots thrown out from the 
internodes of the stem, which adhere to the support. This 

Jply 1st, 1884. 

ha^it renders them valuable for covering the walls of 
stoves. In the present instance the plant was probably 
not sufficiently advanced to assume this habit, as no root- 
lets appeared on the specimen sent for figuring. 

I am indebted to Mr. Bull for the plant here figured, 
which flowered in his establishment in June, J 883. Unfor- 
tunately all record is lost of its origin ; it, however, so far 
resembles some specimens of a Guiana species, that I think 
it may be a native of that country. 

DsscB. Quite glabrous. Stem very stout, as thick as 
the little finger, obtusely four-angled, pale brown mottled 
with darker streaks. Leaves very large, full-grown nearly 
a foot long, broadly elliptic-ovate, subacute at both ends, 
crenulate, thick and almost fleshy, above bullate between 
the nerves, green mottled with light grey, beneath of a 
light vinous purple with very prominent midrib and nerves ; 
petiole very stout, two to four inches long, terete, chan- 
nelled down the front. Flowers fascicled in the leaf-axils ; 
peduncles one to four inches long, stout, ascending, rose- 
coloured spotted with grey. Sepals one to one and a 
quarter inch long, foliaceous, ovate, subacute, base cordate, 
strongly nerved, rose-purple. Corolla one and a half inch 
long, declinate, pale yellow slightly suffused with pink; 
tube half an inch in diameter; lobes rounded, concave, 
margins fimbriate. Stamens included, filaments hardly 
united below, but disposed in two pairs, flattened, very 
strongly twisted ; anthers linear-sagittate, obtuse. Disk- 
gland solitary, dorsal, erect, concave. Ovary quite glabrous ; 
style stout, stigma discoid, included.— J. D. H. 

4, SS/'^Sf^K^S StameD ; 2 and 3 * t0p ° f filament8 and anthers : 



Tfaicent Brooks Day & Son fop- 

L Reeve &C° London 

Tab. 6764. 


Native of Greece. 

Nat. Ord. HypEBiciKEiE. — Tribe Hyperice.e. • 

Genus Hypericum, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 165.) 

Hypericum (Coridia) empetrifolium ; glaberrimum, a basi ramosissimum, ramis 
fruticosis erectis ramulosis tenuibus, foliis ternis anguste linearibus obtusis mar- 
ginibus revolutis integerrimis pellucido-punctatis, cymis paucifloris paniculatis, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis marginibus glandulosis fructiferis patulis, petalis 
sepalis 2-3-plo longioribus ovato-rotundatis deciduis, carpellis dorso 2-vittatis 
lateribus vesiculosis, seminibus brevibus papillosis. 

H. empetrifolium. Willd. Sp. PL vol. Hi. p. 14-52; Boiss. FL Orient, vol. i. p. 792 ; 
Sibth. Fl. Grate, t. 774 ; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 553 ; Watson Dendrolog. 
Brit. t. 141. 

H. multioaule, Lamk. Diet. vol. iv. p. 178. 

H. Coris, Sibth. Fl. Grcec. t. 777, non L.; Bot. Mag. t. 178. 

At Tab. 178 of this work a representation of Hypericum 
empetrifolium is given under the wrong name of H. Coris, 
and it is so insufficient a one that a repetition is unavoid- 
able. These two species would, indeed, at first sight be 
supposed to be closely related, but, as stated under the 
description of the true JET. Coris (Tab. 6563), the resem- 
blance is confined to both being erect, with linear whorled 
leaves ; whilst the points of difference are that H. Coris 
has herbaceous branchlets, narrow sepals which are erect 
in fruit, and narrow persistent petals. H. empetrifolium, 
on the other hand, has woody branchlets, small almost 
rounded sepals which are spreading in fruit, and much 
smaller broad deciduous petals. The geographical ranges 
of the two are also quite wide apart, H. Coris extending 
from the South of France to Italy and the Tyrol, whilst 
S. empetrifolium has its headquarters in Greece, extending 
westwards to the Island of Zante, eastwards to the hills 
around Smyrna, and the Hellespont, and southwards to the 
Islands of Crete, Rhodes, and Paros. 

if. empetrifolium has been long cultivated at Kew ; it 

JULY 1st, 18S4. 

was introduced into England by Messrs. Lee, of Hammer- 
smith, in 1788, from the Crimea, as was supposed, where, 
however, it does not grow. It was, no doubt, brought by 
a ship that traded with that port, but touched at others 
where seeds were procured. It flowers in July, and is 
tender. H. Coris flowers rather later. 

Descr. A small erect much branched quite glabrous 
shrub, eight to twelve inches high ; branches slender, erect, 
four-angled, leafy. Leaves three in a whorl, half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, sessile, narrowly linear, obtuse, 
gland-dotted, deep green, margins revolute, quite entire. 
Cymes panicled, few-flowered ; peduncles an inch long, 
trichomously three flowered ; middle flower sessile, opening 
first ; lateral pedicelled. Flowers half to two-thirds of an 
inch in diameter, pale golden yellow. Sepals small, broadly 
oblong, obtuse, spreading in fruit; margins with a few 
large black sessile glands ; back with long oil canals. Petals 
broadly oblong, straight, concave, deciduous, eglandular. 
Stamens triadelphous, shorter than the petals. Ovary 
three-celled; carpels smooth, back with linear oil canals; 
styles subulate. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Top of cyme ; 2, flower cut vertically ; 3, sepal; 4, bundle of stamens; 
5, stamens ; 6, ovary; 7, top of style; 8, transverse section of ovary ; 9, leaf: — all 

en larged, 



L~Rseve. & 

Tab. 6765. 
CARAGUATA sanguinea. 
Native of New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeliace^;. — Tribe Tillandsie.£:. 
Genus Cabagoata, Lindl.; (Bentk. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 668.) 

Cabagtjata sanguinea ; acaulis, foliis lanceolatis dense rosulatis falcatis charfcaceis 
basi paulo dilatatis deorsum viridibus sursum sanguineo tinctis, exterioribus 
pedalibus, interioribus sensim brevioribus, floribus multis in foliorum centro 
nidulautibus breviter pedicellatis, bracteis oblongis obtusis membranaceis, 
calycis segmentis oblongis erectis brevibus obtusis basi coalitis, corollas tnbo 
elongate clavato stramineo segmentis brevibus ovatis obtusis patulis, staminibus 
ad tubi f'aucem insertis uniseriatis filamentis brevissimis antheris lineari- 
oblongis basi sagittatis, ovario ampulljeformi stylo elongato apice stigmatoso 
breviter tricuspidato, fruotu capsulari oblongo. 

C. sanguinea, Andre in Rev. Sort. 1S83, p. 468, cum icone. 

Tillakdsia sanguinea, Andre Tour du Monde, p. 367. 

During his explorations of the Northern Andes in 1876, 
M. Edouard Andre paid special attention to the BromeliaceaB 
and Bomareas. The present plant is one of the most 
remarkable of the novelties which rewarded his labours. 
It has entirely the habit of a Nididarium, but the ovary is 
free from the calyx, and the structure of the flower in other 
respects quite corresponds with that of the genus Garaguata. 
The bright tint of the leaves, which varies a good deal in 
different individuals, renders it a very desirable acquisition 
to our conservatories. It is, of course, an epiphyte in its 
native forests. It was first seen by M. Andre in May, 
1876, at a place called " Los Astrojos," situated between 
Tuquerres and Barbacoas, in the western Cordilleras of the 
Andes of New Granada. None of the first gathering 
reached Europe alive, but on a second visit, in 1880, he 
succeeded in bringing it home. A stock of the plant has 
been raised by M. Bruant, of Poitiers. Our drawing was 
made in November, 1883, from a plant which was presented 
by M. Andre to the Kew collection. 

Descr. Acaulescent. Leaves arranged in a dense rosette, 

jlly 1st, 1884. 

lanceolate, acute, falcate, thin in texture, minutely obscurely 
lepidote on both surfaces, tbe ribs fine and numerous, the 
margin entire, the clasping base but little dilated, the lower 
part green, the upper half or two-thirds strongly tinged 
with bright red on both side*, the outer leaves of the 
rosette a foot or more long, the inner growing gradually 
shorter. Flowers arranged in a cluster at the base of the 
centre of the rosette of leaves, each furnished with a short 
pedicel, which is subtended by an oblong obtuse mem- 
branous bract. Calyx under an inch long, with three 
oblong obtuse erect segments united in a cup at the 
base. Corolla two and a half or three inches long, with a 
long clavate yellowish- white tube and three short spreading 
ovate obtuse segments. Stamens all six inserted at the 
same level near the throat of the corolla- tube ; filaments 
adnate nearly to the apex ; anthers linear-oblong, sagittate 
at the base. Ovary ampullasform, with very numerous 
superposed ovules in each of the three cells ; style filiform, 
reaching out of the corolla-tube ; stigmas short, ovate, not 
spirally twisted. Capsule oblong, chartaceous ; seeds 
numerous, like those of a Tillandsia. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, The whole plant, much reduced ; 2, a flower, life size ; 3, portion of the 
corolla, with stamens, enlarged; 4, pistil, life size ; o, apex of style; 6, ovary:- 
both enlarged. 


A.B.<iel,j.KFitdil 1 th. 

%icentIkoote > Day&Sonfap. 

l"Reeve &LC°I(nidQ 

Tab. 6766. 
SOLANUM Jamesii. 

Native of Arizona and Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Solanace.e. — Tribe SoLANEiE. 
Genus Solantjm, Linn.; [Benth. et ILooTc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 6756.) 

Solanum Jamesii ; humile, glnbrum v. sparse pubescens, inerme, caule ramoso 
gracili angulato, foliis petiolatis, foliolis 5-9 ovatis oblongis lanceolatis ovato- 
oblongisve subacutis inferior! bus minoribus (minoribus interjectis) stipulae- 
fortnibus 0, cymis pedunculatis paucifloris, corolla profunde 5-loba alba, antheris 
consirailibus obtusis, bacca globosa calyce non inclusa. 

S. Jamesii, Torrey in Ann. Lye. New York, vol. ii. p. 227, and in Bot. Mex. 
Bound, p. 157 ; A. Gray in Amer. Journ. Sc. ser. 2, vol. xxii. p. 285, and in 
Synopt. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 227 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xx. 
p. 503, t. 45. 

The subject of the present Plate has, along with another 
tuber-bearing Potato of the south-western mountains of 
North. America ($. Fendlerl), excited a good deal of interest 
as affording a new esculent vegetable, and possibly the 
means of improving or rendering disease-proof our culti- 
vated species. Experiments are now being made with these 
and other wild sorts on both sides of the Atlantic, the 
results of which are looked forward to with much interest. 
Of these two American species, the present is very distinct 
from all its congeners, but the other, 8. Fendleri of A. Gray, 
to which he subsequently gave the name of 8. tuberosum var. 
boreale, is supposed by its author to be a northern form of 
the 8. tuberosum, which in that case extends from Arizona 
and New Mexico to Chili. This latter is also in cultivation, 
and I shall hope to figure it soon. It differs in the angular 
(not deeply lobed) corolla, in the broader leaflets, and in 
there being small interposed ones between some of the 
larger. A good account of finding both these Potatoes is 
given by Mr. J. G. Lemmon, of Oakland, California, under 
the title of "Discovery of the Potato in Arizona," in a 
paper read before the Californian Academy of Sciences, 
January 15, 1883. In this Mr. Lemmon gives much 
interesting information regarding the mountain home of 

JULY 1st, 1884. 

8. Jamesii and Fendleri. Amongst other matters, he states 
that both species are fed upon by the Potato beetle (Dory- 
phora decem-Hneata), as 1 found other species to be in 

S. Fendleri extends from the mountains of Arizona to 
those of Mexico, at various elevations. The Royal Gardens 
are indebted both to the Department of Agriculture of 
A\ ashington and to Mr. Lemmon for tubers which, arriving 
early in 1883, produced an excellent crop of plants in the 
same year, flowering in autumn, and yielding tubers which, 
on being cooked by Mr. Baker, were pronounced excellent 
in flavour and texture. 

Desce. A small herb, a foot high or under, branched, 
glabrous or sparsely hairy. Tubers ellipsoid, half to three- 
quarters of an inch long. Stem and branches angular, 
rather slender. Leaves two to four inches long, petioled, 
pinnate ; leaflets five to nine, terminal often one inch, 
ovate-lanceolate, lateral sessile, without interposed minute 
ones, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, subacute, dull green; 
stipular leaflets none. Cymes few-flowered, erect, peduncles 
and pedicels slender. Flowers suberect, three-quarters of 
an inch in diameter, white. Calyx hemispheric, teeth minute. 
Corolla-tube very short, lobes oblong or ovate-lanceolate, 
subacute. Anthers all subequal, half the length of the 
corolla-lobes, obtuse. Ovary glabrous. Berry small, glo- 
bose, subtended by the very small calyx.—/. D. H. 

Pig. 1, Flower cut vertically ; 2, stamens ; 3, top of style and stigma ; 4, trans- 
verse section of ovary ; 5, tubers :— all but Jiff. 5 enlarged. 



Vmi^t3ro 3 l«£^Soniap 

L^eev 6 & C r 

Tab. 6767. 
BEGONIA Bbddombi. 

Native of Assam. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace.e. 
Genus Begonia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 841.) 

Begonia Beddomei; acanlescens, monoica, laxe patentim pilosa, rhizomate tuberoso 
lobato multicipiti, foliis omnibus radicalibus amplis longe petiolatis membrana- 
ceis pellucidis oblique cordato-rotundatis v. -ovatis obscure remote angulatim 
lobulatis denticulatisque nervis pilosis primariis radiantibus supra glabris 
subtus puberulis glabratisve, petiolo erecto, scapo petiolis breviore stricto 
basi vaginato, vaginis ovatis acuminatis erectis brunneis, cyma depressa pauci- 
flora, ramis brevibus divaricatis, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, floribus pallide 
roseis, £ perianthii segmentis 4 antico et postico late ovato lateralibus 
oblongis, staminibus in globum aggregatis, filamentis brevibus liberis, connec- 
tive crasso ; fl. $ perianthii segmentis ad 8, ovario 3-gono ala dorsali obtusa, 
stigmatibus 3 bicruribus tortis. 

This is another addition to the already large group of 
Asiatic Begonias marshalled under the section Platy centrum 
of Alphonse de Candolle, which includes yellow, pink, and 
white-flowered species (see B. xanthina, t. 4683, 5202, 5207; 
B. rubro-venia, t. 4689 ; B. Griffithii, t. 4984 ; B. Bex, 
t. 5201, and others), but differs from the sectional character 
in having three styles instead of two, as indeed do other 
species (as B. Gathcartii). Most of these species have 
acuminate connectives to the anther, an organ which in our 
plant is very broad and hardly even acute. The pellucid 
character of the leaf is a very striking one, the red of the 
under surface being in certain lights visible through the 
tissue, and the white spots have a beautiful silvery lustre. 

B. Beddomei is a native of the Assam hills, whence tubers 
were sent by Gustav Mann, Superintendent of Forests, to 
Col. Beddome, F.L.S.," after whom I have the satisfaction 
of naming it, and to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted 
for the plant which is here figured, and which flowered in 
December last. 

Desce. Rootstock the size of a walnut, tuberous, lobed, 
dark brown. Leaves all radical, erect; blade horizontal, 

jult 1st, 1884. 

tour to six inches in diameter, membranous and quite 
pellucid, broadly and very obliquely ovate-cordate or orbi- 
cular-cordate, obscurely angularly lobed and denticulate, 
ciliolate, above very pale green with white spots, glabrous 
or obscurely hairy, beneath pale dull red-purple, slightly 
hairy between the very hairy strong nerves ; petiole four to 
six inches long, pale green, laxly clothed with soft spreading 
hairs. Scape shorter than the petiole, clothed at the very 
base with ovate acuminate erect dark brown sheathing 
scales, pale green, nearly glabrous. Cyme of two short 
spreading branches, bearing each a very few pale rose- 
coloured flowers, of which one or more is a female ; bracts 
small, lanceolate; pedicels half an inch long or more. Male 
flower one inch and a half in diameter. Perianth-segments 
four, spreading, anterior and posterior broadly ovate, 
obtuse ; two lateral narrower, oblong. Stamens in a dense 
globose head, filaments short free ; anthers small broad, 
with a tumid subacute connective and short lateral cells. 
Female flower smaller and darker coloured. Perianth- 
segments eight, broadly oblong. Ovary three-angled, two- 
celled, one angle shortly produced into an obtuse wing. 
Styles three, short, dilating into a truncate twisted lobed 
stigma ; ovules on all sides of the projecting placentas in 
each cell. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, styles; 3, transverse section of ovary -.— all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks Day &Son kth 

Tab. 6768. 
BESCHORNERIA Decosteriana. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllides. — Tribe Agaves. 
Genus Beschobnebia, Kunth. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 733.) 

Beschobneeta Decosteriana; acaulis, foliis basalibus dense rosulatis oblan&vdati* 
2-2^-pedalibus crassis carnosuiis obscure carinatis ad apicein acutum sensiiu 
attenuatis facie obscure viridibus dorso glaucescentibus margine scubris drnti- 
culatis, pedunculo valido erecto foliis multis reductis bracteiformibus prceditn, 
paniculae rarnis multis patulis vel cernuis, pedicellis 2-3-nis gracilibus apice 
articulatis, bructeis magnis ovatis scariosis albidis rubro tinctis, ovariu clavato 
apice libero, limbi segmentis oblanceolatis viridibus valdeimbricatis, genitalibus 
limbo subaequilongis, fructu subgloboso coriaceo. 

B. Decosteriana, Sort. Leichtlin. 

Four species of Beschomeria have already been described 
and figured in the Botanical Magazine, viz. B. tubiflora, 
tab. 4642; B. yuccoides, tab. 5203; B. Tonelii, tab. 6091 ; 
and B. bracteata, tab. 6441. From all of these the present 
plant differs by its more robust habit, thicker and more 
fleshy leaves, and more ample panicle, with the flowers 
always two or three in a cluster. For horticultural purposes 
it is decidedly the finest representative of its genus. I am 
not aware from whom the name employed originated, but 
we received the plant under it some time ago from Herr 
Leichtlin, of Baden Baden. Our drawing was made from 
a specimen that flowered in the Cactus-house at Kew in the 
early months of 1884. Four other supposed species were 
also named by Jacobi (purnila, Galeottei, tirhlerhtendalii, 
and Verli?ideniana) , but we have never had authenticated 
specimens of them, and they have not been described. 

Descr. Leaves twenty or more, arranged in a dense sessile 
basal rosette, oblanceolate, two or two and a half feet long, 
two and a half inches broad at the middle, narrowed gra- 
dually to the acute tip and to half that breadth above the 
dilated base, where it is half an inch thick, the thickest in 

AUGUST 1st, 1884. 

texture of any known species of the genus, dull green on 
the upper surface, glaucescent beneath, obscurely carinate, 
minutely denticulate on the margin. Peduncle twice as 
long as the leaves, stout, erect, furnished with numerous 
reduced bract-like leaves. Panicle deltoid, about as long 
as the peduncle, with numerous spreading or cernuous 
branches, the lower a foot or more long ; flowers in a few 
distant clusters of two or three each ; pedicels reaching an 
inch or more in length, slender, articulated at the tip; bracts 
numerous, large, ovate, scariose, persistent, white tinged 
with bright red. Ovary clavate, protruded beyond the 
perianth-tube at the apex, furnished with six distinct 
grooves. Perianth-limb green, an inch and a half long, cut 
down nearly to the base into six much imbricated oblanceo- 
late segments. Stamens and style reaching nearly to the 
tip of the perianth-segments. Capsule coriaceous, sub- 
globose. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A flower, life size, with the perianth-limb cut away ; 2, front view of a 
stamen ; 3, back view of a stamen ; 4, upper part of ovary, with style ; 5, stigma :— 
all more or less enlarged. 




LRevee & C? London. 

Tab. 6769. 

RHODODENDRON multicolor. 

Native of Sumatra. 

Nat. Ord. Eeice^:. — Tribe Rhodobe2e. 
Genus Rhododendron, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 599.) 

Rhododendbon multicolor ; fruticulus glaberriraus parce lepidotus, foliis verti- 
cillatis breviter pettolatis anguste elliptico-lanoeolatis utrinque attenuatis, 
floribus terminalibus paucis subumbellatis, bracteis caducis oblongis pedicellos 
sequantibus, calyce obscuro cupulari, corolla3 infundibulari-cainpanulata? 5-lobas 
lobis rotundatis v. late ovatis, staminibus 10, antheris vix exsertis, ovario 
gland uloso 5-loculari, capsnla lignosa recta 5-loculari. 

R. multicolor, Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. vol. i. p. 586. 

The mountains of Sumatra, like all others of tropical 
East Asia, appear to abound in Rhododendrons. Miquel, 
in the supplement to the " Flora of the Dutch East Indies," 
which volume deals solely with Sumatran plants, enume- 
rates six species, of which three are also natives of Java, 
namely, B. javanicum, Benn. (tab. nost. 4336), B. citrinum, 
Hassk. (tab. 4797), and B. retusum, Benn. (tab. 4859). 
There is also figured in this work B. malayanum, Jack, 
(tab. 6045), originally found in Sumatra, but is now known 
to be identical with B. tubiflorum, DC, of Java, and B. 
celebicwm,, DC, of the Celebes, and to which B. lampongum, 
Miquel, of Sumatra, also belongs. 

From all the above B. multijiorum is very distinct in the 
foliage, and though it approaches B. citrinum in the shape 
of the corolla, it differs from it in the absence of calyx-lobes, 
and in the stamens being twice as numerous. As far as can 
be judged, without having seen ripe capsules and seeds, it 
is referable to the same group of the genus as the Indian 
B. forrnosum (tab. 4457) and B. cinnabarinum (tab. 4788). 
Most of the Malayan species, however, belong to another 
section of the genus ( Vireya), in which the valves of the 
capsule twist after dehiscence, the placentae separate from 
the axis, and the seeds are very long-tailed at both ends. 

AUGUST 1st, 1884 

As far as can be judged from immature capsules, R. multi- 
color does not belong to this section. A variation in colour, 
such as this species presents, is not unusual in the genus, 
and occurs in R. javanicnn, R. Icpidotum, and others, but 
in none known to me is the contrast so vivid between the 
yellow and red as in R. multicolor. 

This beautiful plant was introduced by Messrs. Veitch, 
seeds having been sent home by their indefatigable collector, 
Mr. Curtis, who has since been appointed by the Secretary 
of State for the Colonies to the charge of a new colonial 
Botanical Garden, which is about to be formed in the Island 
of Penang. The red variety flowered in Messrs. Veitch's 
establishment in December of last year, and the yellow 
flowered in February of this. It is to this indefatigable 
firm that we owe almost all the Malayan Rhododendrons 
that have been introduced into England. 

Descr. A small glabrous slender bush, with a few T minute 
scattered scales on the shoots, back of the leaf, petiole, and 
pedicels. Leaves w T horled, from three to seven together, 
two to three inches long, by one-half to three-fourths of an 
inch broad, elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, con- 
tracted into short petioles, rather dull green above, paler 
beneath ; midrib stout ; nerves indistinct. Flowers few, 
horizontal, in terminal umbels, arising from deciduous oblong 
concave pale-green bud-scales, which are as long as the 
pedicels (one-half to three-fourths of an inch). Calyx 
minute, obscurely five-lobed. Corolla one inch long, between 
funnel- and bell- shaped, dark red or bright yellow ; lobes 
five, equal, one-third the length of the tube, ovate obtuse 
in the red form, more rounded in the yellow. Stamens ten, 
included, subsymmetrically disposed, filaments subequal, 
hairy at the base ; anthers small, yellow. Ovary five-celled, 
oblong, obscurely pubescent ; style oblique, stigma truncate. 
Capsule (unripe) one-third of an inch long, woody. — J. D. B. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Stamens; 3, calyx and ovary; 4, transverse section of ovary:— 
all enlarged. 



Vincent Broote r Day!,Saii Imp. 

I/Reeve 8cC°icndon. 

Tab. 6770. 

BERBERIS congestifolia, var. hakeoides. 

Native of Chili 

Nat. Ord. Bebbebide.e. — Tribe Bebbebe.e. 
Genus Bebbebis, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 41.) 

Beeberis congestiflora ; ramis robustis decurvis foliosis, foliis orbicularibus v. late 
oblongis sessilibus v. breviter petiolatis crasse coriaceis spinuloso-dentatis 
subtus glaucis, stipularibus flabellatis sinuato-spinulosis, floribus in capitula 
sessilia axillaria et in spicas terminiles inttrruptas conglobatis, sepalis 9, 
3 extimis oblongis obtusis, 3 intirais late oblongis concavis, petalis 6 anguste 
obovato-oblongis incurvis, filamentis brevibus apice 2-cornntis, ovario oblongo, 
stigmate sessili. 

B. congestiflora, Gay. Fl. Chili, vol. i. p. 75, t. 3. 

Var. hakeoides, foliis majoribus imbricatis, ramis in spicas interrnptas elongatas 
densissime florif'eras abeuntibus. 

This is a very striking plant, and quite unlike any Bar- 
berry hitherto cultivated. It forms a large bush, with 
decurved branches loaded with globose masses of flowers, 
some of which are sessile in the axils of the leaves, and many 
more form consecutive heads sessile on the long leafless 
terminations of the branches, which gives the shrub a very 
singular appearance. In the curious fan-shaped stipuli- 
form leaves it approaches the Chilian B. actinacantha, 
Mart. (Bot. Reg. vol. xxxi. t. 55), but differs in the form of 
the leaves, which are glaucous beneath, and in the inflo- 
rescence. Its real affinity is with B. congestiflora, Gay, of 
Chili, of which the usual form has the heads of flowers on 
axillary peduncles; this is a marked difference, but specimens 
collected by Lechler are hardly distinguishable from our 
plant, and considering the excessively variable habits of all 
the genus, and that the plant from which our drawing is 
made has been cut back several times, much importance 
cannot be attached to characters founded on habit ; both 
have rounded leaves, glaucous beneath, and similar stipular 
ones, both have the spurred tips to the filaments, and they 

acgust 1st, 1884. 

come from the same country. Under these circumstances, 
whilst the name hakeoides may be usefully maintained, this 
plant must be looked upon as likely to develop the charac- 
ters of the true B. congestifiora. 

For this fine addition to English shrubberies I am indebted 
to Messrs. Veitch, who introduced it in 1861 through their 
collector, the late Richard Pearce, from the Cordillera of 
Chili (near Arguilhue), and who have flowered it annually 
in the open air in their fine garden at Coombe Wood in 
early spring. 

Descr. A stout ramous bush, six to seven feet high ; 
branches angular, glabrous, the terminal elongate and de- 
curved, loaded with leaves and flowers. Leaves one to 
two inches long, almost imbricating, sessile or shortly 
petioled, orbicular or very broadly oblong, convex, very 
thickly coriaceous, rigidly spinous-toothed, base rounded 
or cordate, bright green above, glaucous beneath, upper 
gradually smaller; petiole one-sixth to one-fourth of an 
inch long ; stipular leaves semicircular, deeply spinous- 
sinuate, nerves flabellate. Flowers in dense globose simple 
or compound heads one-half to three-quarters of an inch 
in diameter, which are sessile or shortly peduncled in the 
axils of the leaves, or sessile along the fiagelliform leafless 
ends of the branches, thus forming long interrupted spikes ; 
pedicels short, glabrous. Perianth a fourth of an inch in 
diameter, subglobose, bright golden-yellow. Sepals nine, 
three outer smallest, linear-oblong, obtuse, three inter- 
mediate larger, nine broadly oblong concave obtuse. Petals 
six, in a regular series, erect, incurved and conniving, 
narrowly oblong, obtuse or emarginate; glands oblong. 
Stamens very short, filaments with a horizontal spur on 
each side at the top projecting laterally beyond the shortly 
oblong anther. Ova ry ellipsoid, smooth ; stigma pulviniform, 
sessile. Berry small. — J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Stipuliform leaves ; 3, flower ; 4, petal ; 5 and 6, stamens ; 
7, stamen with the anther-valves open ; 8, ovary :- all enlarged. 

M,s.d e i,j.- NFitchlltK 


LReeve ! 

Tab. 6771. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Old. Orchide^:. — Tribe Vande.B. 
Genus Odontoglosscm, H. B. et K. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 56.) 

Odontoglossum JEdwardi; pseudobulbis ellipsoideia compressis, foliis geminis 
elongatis loriformibus subacutis, floribus secus ramos patentes panicube erectje 
pyramidatre longe pedunculate racemosis, bracteis parvis, periantbio purpureo 
callis labelli aureis, foliolis patenti-recurvis crispatis subsequalibus, sepalis 
subunguiculatis dorsali late oblongo obtuso, lateralibus angustioribus, petalis 
obovato-oblongis labello petalis paullo longiore linguieforini basi utrinque 
lobato ultra medium recurvo apice obtuso, disco callis magnisdeformibuscarun- 
culato, coluinna brevi infra apicem antice utrinque breviter alata, alia crenatis. 

0. Edwardi, Bchb.f. in Gard. Ghron. vol. x. 1878, p. 74. 

According to Dr. Reichenbach, this belongs to Lindley's 
section Myanthium of Odontoglossum, characterized by the 
sessile lip, clawed sepals, and comparatively small flowers, 
which are further described as having parallel lateral 
sepals, which project considerably below and beyond the lip, 
giving the flower a peculiarly irregular appearance. This 
latter character I do not find to be possessed by 0. Edwardi, 
which rather falls into the section Isanthium, with radiating 
subequal sepals, producing singularly regular flowers. 0. 
Edwardi is a native of Ecuador, where it was discovered by 
Edward Klaboch, whom Dr. Reichenbach describes as an 
energetic collector. The specimen here figured flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in April of the present year. 

Descr. Fseudobulb three to four inches long, narrowly 
ellipsoid, compressed, smooth. Leaves in pairs from the 
top of the pseudobulb, two feet long, strap-shaped, one and 
a half inch wide, subacute, smooth above, striate beneath, 
dark green. Panicle two feet long, suberect on a slender 
peduncle; rachis slender, slightly curved; branches alternate, 
horizontal or decurved, many-flowered. Floivers rather 
distant, an inch in diameter; pedicel and ovary three- 

AtJGTJST 1st, 1884. 

quarters of an inch long ; bracts minute, ovate, appressed 
to the pedicel. Perianth dark purple, except the golden- 
yellow calli on the lip ; leaflets of about equal length, all 
spreading and recurved, crisped. Dorsal sepal clawed, 
broadly oblong, obtuse ; lateral spreading horizontally, 
narrower, subsessile. Petals like the dorsal sepal. Lip 
tongue-shaped, broader and obscurely lobed on the sides at 
the base ; distal half deflexed, obtuse ; disk with prominent 
lobulate calli. Column purple, with two small short toothed 
wings towards the top on each side.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Column and lip; 2, anther; 3 and 4, pollen -.—all enlarged. 



Vmc«itBrooks r DaY& 

I. Reeve & C°. London. 

Tab. 6772. 
salvia discoloe. 

Native of Peru. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate.— Tribe Monabde^;. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; {Benth. etHook.f. Gen. Tl. vol. ii. p. 1194) 

Salvia (Calosphace) discolor ; caule fruticoso erecto cano-tomentoso, ramulis gluti- 
nosis, foliis petiolatis ovato-oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve obtusis v. acutiusculis 
basi rotundatis integerrimis supra glabris viridibus subtus niveo-tomentosis, 
verticillis 4-8-floris distantibus, bracteis floribusque caducis, calyce campanu- 
lato vix ad medium 2-labiato, labiis suberectis integris v. inferiore 2-fido, 
corollas purpureas tubo calyce incluso recto, labio superiore anguste oblongo 
recto subacuto, inferiore latiore subquadrato apice 2-lobo. connective recto 
lineari acuto. 

S. discolor, Kunth in Humb. et Bonpl. Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. ii. p. 294, t. 146 ; 

Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 338. 
S. mexicana, var. minor, Semsl. in Gard. Chron. vol. xix. (1883), p. 341, fig. 49 

(position of calyx inverted), and vol. xx. (1883), p. 588. 
S. nigricans, Sort. Cannell. 

This remarkable plant has excited a good deal of interest, 
due to its strikingly bold and handsome port, and the deep 
almost black hue of the flowers. It was first exhibited by 
Mr. Cannell under the garden name of S. nigricans, and 
was subsequently supposed to be identical with 8. mexicana, 
var. minor, Benth. (in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 337), to which 
it is closely allied, but differs in the form of both calyx and 
corolla, and it comes from a very different country. It 
belongs indeed to a section {tubiflorce, Benth.), of which 
most of the species are Peruvian or New Grenadan. One 
of its most singular characters is the caducous nature of 
the bracts and flowers, so that it was not till after some 
disappointments that I procured specimens fit for figuring, 
which I owe to the kind trouble taken by Mr. Lynch, of 
the Cambridge Botanical Gardens, in carefully packing and 
forwarding specimens. Its brittle character, no doubt, 
accounts for the error in the otherwise excellent figure in 
the " Gardener's Chronicle," which represents the bifid 
under lip as the superior one. 

AUGUST 1st, 1884. 

S. discolor is a native of moist valleys in the Peruvian 
Andes, where it was discovered by Humboldt and Bonpland 
in the valley of the river Guancabamba, at an elevation of 
6000 feet. It is not known where Mr. Cannell's specimens 
were procured ; that figured here flowered in a greenhouse 
of the Cambridge Botanical Gardens in February, 1883. 

Dkscb. Stem three to four feet high, terete, clothed with 
dense white tomentum, as are the petioles, leaves beneath, 
and inflorescence. Leaves three to five inches long, narrow 
ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, base rounded, above dull 
green, nearly glabrous, nerves beneath closely reticulate; 
petiole one to two inches long. Racemes terminal, very 
long-peduncled, one to two feet long, inclined, many- 
flowered ; flowers in distant whorls of four to eight, very 
shortly pedicelled. Calyx three-fourths of an inch long, 
tubular-campanulate, hoary-tomentose, striate, two-lipped 
to the middle or one-third way down; lips erect, triangular- 
ovate, subacute, upper entire, lower entire or acutely two- 
tid Corolla deep violet-blue, paler on the tube and throat ; 
tube slightly decurved, rather longer than the calyx, gibbous 
on the throat below the upper lip ; upper lip narrow-oblong, 
obtuse, one-third of an inch long ; lower longer, subquad- 
rate, two-lobed, spreading. Stamens included, lower arm 
ot the connective straight, as long as and in the same line 
with the upper, glandular, cylindric, subacute, upper glabrous 
columnar ; anthers linear-oblong. Dish very large, produced 
behind and there overlapping the small nutlets.— J. B. E. 

Fig. 1, Corolla ; 2, stamen ; 3, disk and nutlets -.-all enlarged. 


Brooks Day ''- 

Tab. 6773. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe Philodendre;e. 
Genus Philodendeon, Schott.; (Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 978.) 

Philodendbon (Spliinctevostitjma) Selloum ; caule subarborescente, ramuloram 
internodiis brevibus cieatricibus niagnis radioes longissimas emittentibus, 
vaginis (catapbyllis) magnis bisi 2-carinatis, tbliis subcorbiceis ovatis l*.isi 
•agittatia profande pinnatifidis, lobis postieis sensim in anticum tratiseuntibus 
. 3-5-lobatis supra nitidis sinubus angustis, lobis obtusis cartilagineo-marginatis, 
nervis pallidis ultimis mimerusUsimis pellucidis, petiolo lamina breviore teivti- 
usculo, spatha pedali breviter crasse peduneulata lineari-oblonga cuspidata 
crassissiu.a, tubo vix distincto laminae intus •traminen coneavaj equilongo, 
spadicis crassi parte foeminea brevi orassa pro maxima parte spatha) adiuia, 
parte mascula crassi ore elongata obtusa, antheril angustis, ovaiiis brevibus 
sulcatis, stigmate crasso basi coastricto sub 8-lobulato, lobulis obtusis, ovario 
8-loculari, loculis pauci-ovulatis. 

P. Selloum, G. Koch in Bot. Zeit. vol. x. (1852), p. 277; Ind. Sew. Eort. B«roI. 
1853-54, App. p. 14, et in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. vol. i. p. 351 ; Schott, 
Synoj)*, Avoid, p. 109, et Prodr. p. 298; Enjlcr in Mart. Ft. Brat. p. L69, 
L 37, et Monogr. Arac, p. 430. 

The genus Philodendrori contains, according to Engler's 
monograph published in 1879, no less than 120 species, 
and if the little attention paid by collectors to these gigantic 
aroids, and the difficulty of preserving specimens of them 
be taken iuto account, it will be obvious that this number 
must represent but a small fraction of what exist. The 
genus abounds in the forests of tropical America and its 
islands, and like orchids, is better known from cultivated 
specimens than from descriptions made in their native 
habitats, or from herbarium specimens. Most of the known 
species have indeed been described by the late Dr. Schott, 
of the Imperial Gardens of Schcenbruim (Vienna), who had 
imported many himself from the forests of Brazil, where 
they were a favourite study of his ; and the long ranges of 
tall houses festooned from end to end with magnificent 
specimens of climbing species, on poles, trellises, and rafters, 
formed one of the most wonderful horticultural exhibitions 

U PTXMBSB 1st, IS- I. 

I ever beheld. In the Botanical Garden of Berlin and 
St. Petersburg they also form a great feature, and the 
aroid house at Kew is not inferior to these latter, though 
it never rivalled the Schoenbrunn collection. The Kew 
collection is greatly indebted to Mr. N. E. Brown, of the 
Herbarium, for its nomenclature ; and a list of the species 
it contained was drawn up by him for the Report of the 
Royal Gardens during the year 1877; it included about 
250 species, of which 42 belonged to the genus Philo- 

P. Selloum was first flowered in this country by Mr. W. H. 
Tillett, of Sprowston Lodge, Norwich, who communicated 
fine specimens of it to me in 1873, and again in the present 
year, from which the plate here presented was made. It 
flowers in the spring months, and is an extremely handsome 
plant, having a powerful aromatic odour, especially at 
night. It is a native of humid forests in various parts of 
Brazil, from the Province of St. Paul to that of Minas 
Geraes, and also of Paraguay. 

Dl8CB. Tall, stout, subarboreseent, scandent ; branches 
with close-set scars, sending down long cord-like roots. 
Leaves one to two feet long, ovate with a hastate base, 
pinnatifid, dark shining green; pinnae lobulate; lobules 
pointing forward, obtuse, nerves strong pale, nervules 
very slender. Spatha a foot long, on a very short stout 
peduncle, narrowly oblong, extremely thick, dark green 
externally, pale yellow within ; tube rather narrower and 
about as long as the concave apiculate lamina. Spadix all 
pale yellow, very stout, as long as the spathe ; female part 
short, adnate to the spathe; male portion long, stouter, 
obtuse. Stamens slender. Ocary short, deeply grooved, 
about eight-celled ; stigma thick, contracted at the base, 
top concave, eight-lobed, lobes obtuse ; ovules few in each 
cell.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaf, reduced; 2, portion of do., and 3, section of petiole, both of natural 
*tze; 4, spathe and spadix, of the natural size; 6, barren, and 7, perfect stamens ; 
8, ovary; 9, transverse, and 10, vertical section of do. j 11, ovules -.—all enlarged. 



LRetfVf. & C" 

Tab. 6774. 
CBRBUS paucispinus. 

Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Cacte.e. — Tribe Echinocacte^e. 
Genus Cbbeds, Haworth; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 849.) 

CsBBUS (Ecbinocactus) paucispinus ; humilis, crassus, ovoideus v. ovoideo-cj-lin- 
draceus, perviridis, caule siinplici v. parce raiuoso !-aepe defornie, costis 5-7 
magnis latis interrupts, suluis sumum acutis, mamillis subhemisphericis discretis 
v. subeonfluentibus lsevibus, areolis spinigeris remotis, aculeis 3-7 robustis 
basi tuberosis radiantibus subrecurvis palliile rufo-fuscis v. brunneis demum 
nigrescentibus, centrali ssepissime v. rarius robusto subangulato atro-tusco 
sursuui verso seu porreoto, floribus sub vertice later ilibus 2^-3 poll, diam., 
ovarii pulvillis 10-15 aculeolis 6-10 instructs, sepal is inferionbus triangulari- 
lanceolatis aeuleii'eris superioribus linearibus, p ; talis ad 30 erecto-patulis 
spathulatis apice rotundatis integris fusco-coccineis eoncavis, filamentis elongatis, 
antberis parvis purpureis, stigmatibus 8-10 erectis \ iiidibus. 

C. paucispinus, Engelm. Cact. U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv. p. 37, t. 56. 

This plant was very imperfectly known at the date of its 
first publication by Dr. Engelmanu, whose materials for the 
description and plate of it appear to have been very poor ; 
nor should I have recognized it from the latter but for 
Mr. Loder, who sent it under what is no doubt its proper 
name. It is a native of the region bordering Mexico in 
the United States. Dr. Engelmann remarks that it grows 
on rocks and gravelly limestone hills, from the San Pedro 
to the mouth of the Pecos river, where it takes the place of 
the more western G. poly acanthus, which further east is 
represented by G. liaimeri, and further west by C.phocniceus, 
from all which it is distinguished by the few ribs and few 
dark spines. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to E. G. Loder, Esq., 
for the specimen here figured, which flowered in May of 
the present year. Like most of the extra-tropical North 
American species of Cacti, it may be successfully cultivated 
in the climate of Surrey in a frame in the open air, where, 
however, attention must be paid to watering at the proper 
season only. 


DlSCB. Stem* five to nine inches high, by two to four 
in diameter, rather deformed, constricted and divided, deep 
dark green with five to seven grooves, separating thick 
irregular tumid hemispherical ridges one-half to three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter, witli rounded tips; mamillas 
sometimes hemispheric, at others elongate and confluent, 
smooth, crowned with a very small areola, from which the 
spines spring. Spines three to seven, stout, tumid at the 
base, radiating, straight or slightly recurved, pale red- 
brown; central one absent, or if present robust and darker 
than the others. Floivers axillary towards the top of the 
stem, three inches broad, two and a half in diameter. 
Calyx-tube subcylindric, with ten to fifteen clusters of short 
pale spines. Outer sepals oblong, obtuse, aculeate. Petals 
about thirty, elongate-spathulate, with concave rounded tips, 
suberect and spreading, dark red with a brown tinge. 
Stamens very numerous ; filaments conniving in an elon- 
gated cone; anthers small, purple. Stigmas about ten, 
suberect, stout, green. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bases of spines ; 2, stigmas : — both enlarged. 




IReeve &. C° lorukra 

Tab. 6775. 


Xative of Marocco. 

Nat. Ord. Ikideje. — Tribe Mobcee^:. 
Genus Iris, Linn.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 680.) 

Ibis (Xiphion) tingitana ; bulbo ovoideo tunicis exterioribus membranaceis rubros 
brunneis, caule valido inonocephalo, foliis caulinis productis 5-6 linearibue 
glauco-viridibus profunde canaliculars, spatbae valvis magnis lanceolatis apic- 
et margine rnembranaceis, ovario cylindrico breviter pedicellato, periantbio tnbo 
cylindrico ovario a?quilongo, lirabi violacei vel lilacini segmentis exterioribus 
falcatis obovatis unguiculatis, limbo conspicue luteo carinato ungui aquilongo, 
segmentis interioribus erectis oblanceolatis concoloribus, styli appendicibus 
magnis deltoideis plicatis, antheris magnis. 

I. tingitana, Boiss. et Renter Pugillus, p. 118. 

I. Xypbium, Schousb. Gew. Marok. p. 15, non Linn. 

Xiphion tingitanum, Baker in Seem. Journ. vol. ix. (1871), p. 13 ; et in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 123 ; Ball in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 675, non 
Hook.f. in Bot. Mag. t. 5981. 

The large lilac-flowered Irises with a bulbous rootstock 
fall into two well-marked groups, firstly Xiphion and 
xiphioides, well known and widely cultivated in pre-Linnean 
times; and secondly, the less known, more recently described, 
and rarer Mediterranean types, filifoUa, Fontanesli, and the 
present plant. The latter possess a distinct cylindrical 
tube to the perianth above the ovary, whilst in the former 
there is no tube between the ovary and the diverging 
segments of the limb. The present plant was discovered 
long ago by Schousboe and Salzmann in the neighbourhood 
of Tangiers, but has only lately been brought into cultiva- 
tion. It was first imported by Mr. Geo. Maw, and has 
been flowered successfully by Messrs. Leichtlin and Elwes 
and Professor M. Foster. Our plate was drawn from a 
plant communicated by the- latter, which he flowered in 
April, 1384. Besides the presence of the tube, it differs 
from /. Xiphion in the growing bulbs shooting in the spring 
and not in autumn, in the stouter leaves entirely hiding the 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1884.' 

stem by their clasping bases, and in the much larger blade 
of the outer segments of the perianth. Prof. Foster calls 
attention to a point which has hitherto escaped notice, that 
whilst in Xiphion, tingitana, and filifolia the petaloid style 
is pressed tightly down against the claw of the outer 
segments, in xiphwides it is so much arched that a large 
insect can obtain easy access to the anther without forcing 
its way. It is very likely that these new Mediterranean 
types will prove more difficult to keep alive and to flower 
than their older-known allies. 

The Tangiers plant figured as X. tingitanum in this 
work at Plate 5981 is a form of X. filifolium, which I have 
called intermedium. 

Dkscr. Bulb ovoid, pointed ; outer tunics thin, reddish- 
brown, with strongly-marked veins. Stem stout, terete, 
about two feet long, quite hidden by the bases of the 
clasping leaves. Produced stem-h aves six or seven, linear, 
falcate, the lowest a foot long, deeply channelled down the 
face, tapering to a point, pale glaucous green. Flowers 
two or three in a single terminal cluster ; outer spathe- 
valves lanceolate, about four inches long, membranous at 
the margin and. tip. Ovary cylindrical, one and a half or 
two inches long ; pedicel short; perianth-tube cylindrical, 
as long as the ovary ; limb bright lilac or purple ; outer 
segments obovate unguiculate, three inches long, with a 
defiexed limb as long as the claw, with a bright yellow 
keel; segments lanceolate, concolorous, erect, as long as 
the outer. Styles with large deltoid erect plicate toothed 
appendages. Anther linear, much longer than the free 
filament. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Sta nen ; 2, stigma ; 3, pedicel, ovary, and perianth-tube : — life-size. 



ifccetdBroole^ 3 

3oi bf 

L!R*eve &. C° London, 

Tab. 6776. 

ravenea hlldebraxdtii. 

Native of the Comoro Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Palm.£. — Tribe Cb.xmmvob.eje. 

Genus Ravenea, Bouchd ; {Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 883, nomen 


Chah. Gen. — Flores dioici (v. monoici), in spadicibus interfoliaceis simpliciter 
ramosis pedicellati, bracteolati, carnosuli. Fl. $. Calyx cupularis, 3-lobus. 
Petala 3, basi connata, ovato-oblonga, acuminata, soepe 2-dentata, patentia, 
3-5-nervia, valvata. Stamina 6, filainentis brevibus subulatis basi inter se et 
basi corollas cohaerentibus ; antherse oblongaa, basifixse. Ocarii rudimenturn 
minimum, globosum, trifidum. Fl. $ masculos subsquantes. Calyx, cupularis, 
3-lobua. Petala 3, oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata, 3-5-nervia, erecta. Sta- 
minodia 6, maxima, antheris magnis cassis. Ovarium lageni forme, 3-loculare, 
loculis 2 effcetis j stigmata late trigona, recurva ; ovulum parietale, pendulum. 
Fructus (memoriter) parvulus, curvus, stigmatibus subbasilaribus. Semen 
minimum, ellipsoideum, hilo parvo, rapbeos ramis nullis, albumine tequabili ; 
embryo hilo proximus. — Palma gracilis, erecta, incrmis. Folia longe petio- 
lata, primordialia bifida, petiolo plano-concavo, co*ta apice in filum 
excurrente ; segmentis lincari-lanceolatis acuminatis,costa subtus paleacea, 
paleis verticalibus oblongis laceris scepe semi-lunatis. Spadices longe 
pedunculati ; spathce 4, tu,bulosce,fusco-tomentosa, persistentes ; £ recurri, 
ramis brevibus densijloris patentibus ; $ erecti,rachi elongata, ramis fili- 
formibus strictis basi incrassatis. Flores pallide straminei. Fructus 
niger.— Wendl. MSS. 

R. Hildebrandtii, BoucM in Monats. Verein. Beford. Gartenb. 1878, 197, 323, 
cum ic. ocylog, 324. Lemaire III. Hortic. vol. xxvii. p. 16-1, cum ic. 

A very elegant dwarf Palm, a native of the Comoro 
Islands, of which but little has hitherto been known, for 
in the publications cited above, no description is given of 
flower or fruit, and figures of palms without these are as 
valueless as are those of grasses similarly destitute of organs 
of fructification. The specimen cultivated at Kew flowered 
for the first time last summer, and when still a small (male) 
plant, standing on the shelf of the palm-house ; and I im- 
mediately wrote to Mr. Wendland about it, who answered 
that he had materials for describing the female plant and 
fruit, and would forward these to me. This is the source 
of the full description of the genus given above, and it 


only remains to add that E la allied to Jlyophorbe, 

which differs in its robust habit, in being monoecious, and 
in the flowers being arranged in interrupted lines along the 
branches of the spadix which is infrafoliaceous. The name 
ea was given by the late M. Bonche, who sent seeds 
to Mr. Wendland, who declined to name them without 
further materials. Unfortunately Mr. Wendland has mis- 
laid the seeds, and gives the description of them from 
memory. He informs me that they are the smallest of the 
order in so far as he knows, as also that in the figure of 
the section of the ovary here given, fig. 9, the insertion of 
the ovules is wrong, for their point of attachment should be 
a little above the base of the cell. Mr. Wendland describes 
the genus as dioecious, but (as shown in figs. 3 and 4) male 
and hermaphrodite flowers occur on the same spadix. — 
J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of the whole pdn ; 2, portions of Irafieti with palese on 
costa; 3, male, and 4, hermaphrodite llowrr; 5, • ah x-tube; G, bracteole ; 7, petal ; 
8, ovary ; 9, vertical section of ditto : — all enlarged. 



W^V^ 2 ^' 

LTfeeve &_ C° London. 

Tar. G777. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Vaccisiacee. — Tribe TniBACDiEiE. 
Genus PESTAPTEKTGirii, Klotzsch ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 572.) 

Pentaptekygium serpens ; catidice tuberoso, ramis pendulis pedicellisque glandu- 
loso-setosis, foliis parvis bilariis subsessilibus ovatis laneeolatis oblongisve 
acutis apices versus serratis, basi rotundatis v. acutis, fioribus solitariis pendulis 
pedicellatis, cnlycis pentapteri dentibus ovato-lanceolatis demum acutis, corolla 
tubulosa 5-gona pilosa rubra dentibus recurvis, antberis dorsoecalc.iratis, bacuis 

P. serpens, Klotzsch in Linncea, vol. xxiv. p, 47 ; Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. 
p. 419. 

Vaccinium serpens, Wight Illustr. t. 141 D, fig. 2, et Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 1183 ; 

Hook.f. III. PL JJimal. t. 15 B. 
Thibattdia myrtifolia, Griff. Notul. vol. iv. p. 301, and Tc. Plant. Asiat. t. 510. 

This is one of the many species of Indian "Whortle-berries 
that most often affect an epiphytic habit; its great tuberous 
rootstock, sometimes two feet long, and several inches in 
diameter, nestling amongst the mosses and Hepaticas of 
the limbs of the forest trees. In more open ground I have 
found it growing on moist rocks, and my impression is, that 
it is the favourable conditions of light and air to be found 
amongst the higher branches of the dark forests that 
account for these and several other species of Vaccinice 
and Ericece being comparatively rare on the ground, and 
common at heights of sixty feet and more above it. Other 
conspicuous examples are to be found amongst the Rhodo- 
dendron*, as B. Dalhousice, camelliceflorum, pendulum, and 
Edgeworthii. These, however, are true Ericece, which do 
not form the tuberous stocks, as do certain species of 
Vticrinium and Pentapterygium. 

P. serpens is a native of the humid forests of Sikkim and 
Bhotan, where it inhabits both the tropical and temperate 
regions, descending to 3000 feet, and ascending to 8000. 


At the Royal Gardens the great rout stock 18 grown in a 
basket, from which the branches bang and flower in the 
month of May. The rootstock was sent from Darjeeling 
by Mr. Gammie. 

Descb. -J: tuberous, one to two feet long, lobed, 

oblong or deformed, rooting into moss, &c. Brandies 
pendulous, two to four feet long, slender, branched, and as 
well as the pedicels clothed with spreading gland-tipped 
stiff hairs. Leaves subbitarious, one-half to two-thirds of 
an inch long, subsessile, ovate lanceolate or oblong-ovate, 
acute, serrate towards the tip, coriaceous, evergreen, deep 
green, beneath paler; base rounded or acute; margins sub- 
recurved. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels shorter than 
the leaves ; bracts two, basal, small, oblong, pink. Calyx- 
tube shortly obovoid, five-winged, sparsely setose, especially 
along the wings; teeth shorter than the tube, ovate, sub- 
acute, setose or glabrous, enlarged in fruit. Corolla one to 
one and a quarter of an inch long, tubular, rather inflated, 
five-angled, pubescent, bright red, obscurely barred with 
darker red; teeth small, ovate, recurved. Stamens included, 
filaments very short, free, broad, incurved ; anthers nearly 
as long as the corolla, very slender, produced into a more 
slender tube as long as the cells, each opening by a terminal 
slit ; connective not spurred behind. Siijlc straight, slender, 
included, stigma capitellate. Berry one-fourth of an inch 
in diameter, broadly obovoid, five-winged. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Rootstock, reduced; 2, portion of stem and leaf; 3, calyx and style; 
4 and 5, stamen ; 6, transverse section oi' ovary -.—all enlarged. 


Tab. 6778. 

HiEMANTHUS Katiiekin.e. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Amabyllide.2E. — Tribe Amakvlli:.i:. 
Genus Hjemanthus, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 7;30.) 

H.kmanthus (Nerissa) Ratherince ; glaberrima, p oliis ad 5, vaijinis in cuilem 
cylindraceum convolutis, lamina mombranacea elliptica awita v. oblonj^a obtains 
v. acuta nervis utrinque costal 9-10 nerYulia transversis trabecul ita, scapi 
coaitaneo laterali gracili elato, umbella ampla globosa densi flora, spath in ."> <> 
1-2-polliearibus lanceolatis a<aiminatis deciduis, periantliii COOcinei fcubo Ik- 
pollicari limbi 2-poll. diametr. segmentis lineaiibus obtusis patentibus, stami- 
uibus 1^-pollicaribus. 

It. Katherina;, Baker in G-ard. Chron. N.S. vol. vii. (1877), p. 636. 

In Mr. Baker's notes on the allies of Ilamianthits multl- 
jloriiSy Martyn (see this work, plates 961 and 1995), published 
in the " Gardeners' Chronicle," this grand species is first 
described, and stated to be closely allied to the above- 
named plant, differing in the nervation of the leaf and 
proportion in length of the tube to the limb of the corolla, 
to which might be added that the spathes of II. muXtifivrm 
are few, large, green and herbaceous. Both belong to the 
section Nerissa, of which Salisbury constituted the genus 
of that name, confining it, however, to X. mvltijlorns, for 
he would not have included in it (as Mr. Baker does) two 
species with the scape rising from amongst the leaves, viz. 
H. cinnabarlnus (Plate 5314) and II. rotnlaris, Baker. 
Indeed, in the " Genera Plantarum," Mr. Bentham and I 
have suggested that the genus Hwmanthus, of which there 
are thirty known species, all tropical and Southern African, 
should be divided into those with terminal scapes and those 
with lateral. 

II. Katheriiwe was introduced by Mr. Keit when Superin- 
tendent of the Botanical Gardens at Natal, but dried 
specimens had been collected and sent to Kew by Mr. 
Saunderson, who rerpiested that it might byar the name 
of his wife. For the plant here figured the Royal Gardes is 

OCTOUIiK 1st, 188-4. 

are indebted to W. B. Lyle, E*q., of Kirkley Vale Estate, 
Natal. It flowered in May profusely, but the scape, which 
in our specimen is no thicker than the little finger, is as 
thick as a child's wrist in a plant which flowered in Mr. 
Gumbleton's garden, near Cork, and of which that gentle- 
man kindly sent a drawing to Kew. 

Des* ;e. Brib globose, one and a half to three inches in 
diameter. Leaves three to five, their sheaths forming an 
erect stem stouter than the scape ; blade six to fourteen 
inches long by two to five inches broad, elliptic-lanceolate 
or oblong, base ami tip acute or rounded, substance thin, 
with nine to ten stout nerves on each side of the stout 
midrib, joined by numerous straight transverse nervules, 
pale bright green. Scape ten to twelve inches high, one- 
half to one inch in diameter, green and spotted with brown. 
Umbel globose, five to seven inches in diameter, many- and 
dense-flowered; spathes about an inch long, lanceolate, 
acuminate, membranous, deciduous ; pedicels short. Flowers 
scarlet ; perianth-tube an inch long or more, segments one 
to one and a quarter inch long, linear, obtuse, spreading, 
at length reflexed. Stamens nearly two inches long, 
straight ; anthers small, linear. Style very slender, twisted. 
—J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of the plant; 2, section of tube of corolla, with segment 
and stamen ; 3 and 4, authers ; 5, ovary and style ; C, transverse section of ovary : 
—all enlarged. 



Vincent BroofeDay «cSonImp 

LBeeve 8. C° London. 

Tail 0770. 
CORYLOPSIS himalayana. 

Nat ice of the Eastern Himalaya and Khasia Mountains. 

Nat Ord. Hamamelide.£. 
Genus Cokylopsis, Sieb. ct Zucc. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. G67.) 

Cobtlopsis himalayana ; frutex ramis lenticellatis, ramulis petiolis pedunculisque 
stellato-pubesce'ntibus, foliis late ovatis v. ovato-cordatis acuminatis serr;itis 
supra glabris rugosis subtus sericeo-pilosis v. tomentosis, racemis brevibua 
scriccis densiflorifl pendulis, potalis spathulatis. 

C. himalayana, Griff, in Jonrn. As. S)c. Beng. vol. xxiii. p. 64; et icon {0. grata), 
Hook.f. ct Thomson in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. ii. p. 85; Hook. f. Ft. Brit. 
Ind. vol. ii. p. 427. 

IIamamelida, Griff. Ic. Plant. Asiat. t. 633. 

A singularly delicate and graceful shrub, closely allied to 
Hamamelis, and like it, flowering in early spring or late 
winter (February), and unfolding its beautiful foliage in 
June. It belongs to a small genus confined to Eastern 
Asia, of which four species are known, G. sjricata, Sieb. and 
Zucc, from Japan, figured in this work at Plate 5458; G. 
pauciflora, Sieb. and Zucc, also from Japan; G.multijlora, 
I lance, from China; and the present plant, which is very 
near indeed to the Chinese one, differing in the much 
narrower petals. The flowers of both G. spicata and that 
figured here have a primrose smell. 

G. himalayana is a native of the easternmost mountains of 
India, having been discovered by Griffith in Bhotan, north 
of the Assam valley, at elevations of 5000 to 8000 feet ; 
and afterwards found by himself and others in the Khasia 
Mountains, south of the Assam valley, at lower elevations, 
of 4000 to 6000 feet. There I have seen it forming a 
small tree twenty feet high, or a nut-like bush with leaves 
sometimes six inches long and nearly as much in diameter. 
It was introduced into English gardens by Dr. King, who 
sent seeds to Kew in 1879, and we have also received 
plants from Messrs. Veitch. 

Descr. A shrub or small tree, of hazel-like habit and 


foliage; branches covered with lentdcels; branchlete, 

petioles and peduncles stellately pubescent or tomentose. 
/ s long-pet ioled, four to seven inches long, sometimes 
almost as broad, broadly ovate or almost orbicular, acumi- 
nate, finely serrate, pale green and rugose above, glaucous 
and more or less silkily pubescent beneath ; base rounded 
or shallowly or deeply cordate ; nerves strong, nearly 
straight; petiole one and a half to three inches long; 
stipules linear-oblong, acuminate, one inch long, deciduous. 
Flowers pale primrose, in pendulous peduncled dense- 
flowered racemes one to two and a half inches long; 
pedicels sheathed with deciduous concave oblong bracts 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch long; floral bracts 
shorter. Calyx short, cupular, silky ; lobes ovate-lanceolate. 
Corolla half an inch in diameter ; petals distant, spreading, 
spathulate. Stamens five ; filaments short, erect, subulate ; 
anthers small, orange-yellow; staminodes ten, columnar, 
with recurved tips. Ovary two-celled ; styles two, erect, 
slender, with small recurved stigmatic spathulate tips; 
cells one-ovuled. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, bracts ; 3, calyx, staminodes, and styles ; 4, stamen ; 5, stami- 
nodes; 6, vertical section of ovary ; — all enlarged. 


AB.dd,J.^IKtcb.ti> L . 



Tab. G7S0. 

I'VRUS (Cydonia) Maulei. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Pojie;e. 
Genus Pyres, Limn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 626.) 

Prnrs (Cydonia) Maulei; frutex spinosus glaberrimus, foliis obovatis crenati* 
apice rotandatia basi cuneatis in petiolum augustatis, floribus subsessilibus 
i'ascieulatis, oalycis lobis rotundatis ciliatis deciduis, petalis unguieulatis obo- 
vato-spathulatis concavis coceineis v. rubro-aurantiacis, stylo glaberrimogracile 
elongato supra medium 2-6-fido rainis gracilibus, fructu globoso aurautiaco v. 
aureo basi et apice profunde intruso extus viscidulo. 

P. Maulei, Masters in Gard. Chron. N.8. vol. ii. (1874), p. 756, t. 159, et vol. in. 
p. 741, f. 111. 

This is one of the most valuable additions to the shrub- 
beries of England that has been introduced within the last 
decade of years, for it was in 1874 that it was first made 
known from plants introduced by Messrs. Maule and Sons, 
of Bristol, and which were appropriately named after the 
head of the firm by Dr. Masters, with a full description 
and figure in the " Gardeners' Chronicle." Whether, how- 
ever, it will prove as distinct from the old P. japonica as 
Dr. Masters thinks it is, may be doubtful ; if it be so, the 
principal character is probably in the fruit, which is in this 
globose and of a bright yellow with scarce any trace of 
angles, whilst in P. japonica it is longer, more ovoid, 
distinctly five-angled, and of a very different texture and 
taste. As to the fruit, however, it is a suspicious circum- 
stance that in the figure of it which accompanied that of 
the drawing wmich Messrs. Maule received from Japan, it 
is represented as cylindric oblong, truncate, and slightly 
umbilicate at both "ends, deeply longitudinally ribbed, and 
yellow dotted with red, characters wholly at variance with 
that of plants ripened in England, whether by Mr. Maule 
and well figured in the Chronicle, at fig. 144, or at Kew 
and here figured, which agree remarkably well together. 
Again, the petals of P. Maulei are described as orange-red, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1884. 

and as concave in contrast to the flat petals of P. japonica, 
whereas in the plant here figured they are nearly as bright 
red as in P. japonica, and the petals of the latter are often 
as concave. The foliage appears to be the same in both, 
but P. Maulei flowers later; early in April at Kew. I foil 
to find the prominent membranous ring described as dividing 
externally the base of the flower-tube from the ovary in 
living specimens of P. Maulei, though it is usually but not 
constantly present in dried ones ; I, however, find traces of 
it also in dried specimens of P.japonica. Taking therefore 
into account such, diversity in form and colour of fruit in 
the Pomacece as any collection of apples and pears shows, 
and the known variability of Pynis japonica, I cannot but 
think it more probable than not that P. Maulei is a culti- 
vated variety of that plant. 

Whether species or variety, P. Maulei is a very well- 
marked form, and nothing of the kind can exceed the 
beauty of its golden fruit, which in appearance are to 
common quinces what the golden pippins are to other 
apples, though differing from these latter in the skin being 
slightly viscid and not shining. Dr. Masters says that 
they are described as richly perfumed and very agreeable 
to the palate; the perfume is certainly grateful though 
faint, and my experience of the taste agrees with that 
author's, for they are excessively acid ; they may, however, 
make a good conserve. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Flower with long 2-branched style cut vertically ; 2, similar section of 
calyx and ovary of flower with short 5-branched style ; 3, stamen ; 4, style-arm and 
stigma ; 5, transverse, and 6, vertical section of fruit -.—all but 5 and G enlarged. 




LReeve gcC^lcmion.. 

Tap. 6781. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM cinerarlefolium. 

Native of Dalmatia. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Ahthxxtdu. 
Genus Chrysanthemum, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 42-4.) 

Chrysanthemum (Pvrethrum) cineraricefolium ; caulibus erectis graci bbus mono- 
cepbalis superne longe nudis foliisque subtus subsenceis, folns gracile petiolatis 
pinnatiseetis supra glabris danduloso-punctatis, segmentis angustis elongatis 
pauci-lobatis pinnatifidis v."pinnatisectis obtusis v. acutis patentibus, cap. tubs 
U poll, latis, involucro late cupulari, bracteis oblongis apicibus rotundatis 
ecariosis albis, corollis radii albis disci tlavis, receptaculo nudo, achemis angustis 
angulatis glandulosis, pappo cupulari. 

C. cinerarifcfolium, VUiam FL Dalmat. vol. ii. p. 88; Bocconi, Mus. di pianti 
rar. (1097), p. 23, t. 4 et 131. 

C. rigidum, Visiani delect. Sem. Hort. Pat. (1825). 

C. Turreanum, Visiani Stirj>. Dalmat. Spec, p. 10, t. 8 (1826). 

Pyrethrum einerarircfolium, Trevir. Lnd, Scrn. Hort. Vra*. 1880j fct.Soc.Nat 
Cur. vol. xiii. p. 2(11 (1886); Reichenb. Lconogr Bot. -t.wt. t. Wji m. 
Ji.vcurs. vol. ii. p. 81 { Luring, in Reports of U.S. Commute* of Agricul- 
ture, 1881-2, p. 7(5, t. 1. 

Matricaria liellidis flow, Turr. Cat. Hort. Pat. p. 63 (1660). 

The plant here figured is that which yields the famous 
Dalmatian insecticide powder, now so universally used, and 
the flowers of which are said to be the most valuable 
product of its native country, where it is also cultivated. 
It must not be confounded with the Caucasian insecticide 
Pyretkrum roseum, which is cultivated in France. A very 
valuable paper by G. B. Loring, on the cultivation in the 
United States of both these insecticides, with copious notes 
on the mode of application of their powder and preparations 
of it to insects that infest plants, is given in the Keport ot 
the U.S. Commission of Agriculture, cited above, irom 
this document it appears that the powder of both species is 
valuable as a general insecticide, especially m a liquid 
solution, but that it is not a universal remedy, and has 
serious disadvantages. Of the advantages the most notable 
is that it is a specific in the case of Aphides, house flies, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1884. 

and mosquitoes (or gnats), and if used with a pair of ordi- 
nary bellows is very effectual in killing the commoner 
insects that infest plants in rooms and houses. The powder 
burnt is not disagreeable to smell, and very effectual in 
rooms, wardrobes, and green-houses. The alcoholic extract 
of the powder diluted in water, the simple solution in water, 
and the decoction in water, are all most useful in cases 
where the powder may be less effectually applied. The 
disadvantages are, that the result is not permanent ; after 
half an hour insects may reappear on the plants that had 
been cleared, and be unhurt. Again, actual contact with 
the insect is necessary in the open air ; and powdering the 
upper side of a leaf has no effect on an insect on the under 
side. More important still are the facts that it has no 
effect on insects' eggs, or hard chrysalises, on beetles with 
hard elytra, and on that vast class of hemiptera (true bugs); 
whilst hairy caterpillars and spiders of all kinds are proof 
against it. Hymenoptera again quickly succumb to its 

The G. cineraricefolium is an old inhabitant of botanical 
gardens, flowering in July and August ; but it has not been 
known till comparatively recently that it is the source of 
the Dalmatian insecticide. The correct specific name to be 
taken is disputable. That of Chrysanthemum cinerarix- 
folium is the earliest, but is only a part of a descriptive 
phrase, and is anti-Linneean ; C. rigidum, Visiani, is the 
first reference of the plant to the modern genus Chrysan- 
themum, but this was altered by Yisiani himself, first to G. 
Turreanum, and then to G. cineraricefoliuTUi giving himself 
as authority for the latter, which, I think, is the most 
convenient to adopt. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Receptacle ; 2, flower of ray ; 3, its style-arms ; 4, flower of disk ; 0, its 
stamens and style ; 7, its style-arms -.—all enlarged. 


M Sdi 

Tab. 6782. 

Native of Tropical Eastern Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Geskebace.e. — Tribe Ctbtandbe.e. 
Genus STBEPTOCARPrs, Lindl.; {Clarke Monogr, Cyrtandr. p. 148.) 

Stbeptocabits Kirkii; pubescens, eaule elongato erecto folioso robusto, foliis 
petiolatis oppositis ovato-cordatis obtusis subcrenatis supra pilosis, pedunculis 
gracillimis, cyniis laxifloris dichotomis, pedunculis pedicellisque gracilibus, 
bracteis parvis subulatis, calyois parvi lobis acutis, corolla tubuloso-campanu- 
latis incurva puberula, tubo ^-poll. longo, lobis rotundatis ciliolatis, capsula 
pollicari gracile. 

A very elegant species, allied to 8. caulescens, Vatke, of 
which it may be a variety, differing chiefly in the shorter 
leaves with rounder apices and the broader tube of the 
corolla. As I have seen only indifferent dried specimens of 
S. caulescens, and only cultivated ones of 8. Kirhii, there is 
room for doubt as to the limits of variation in both. It 
belongs to a small section of the genus with leafy stems of 
which the species, five in number, inhabit Eastern Africa 
and Madagascar; whilst their congeners, of which there 
are eleven, are nearly all natives of extratropical South 
Africa. Of the first group no species had hitherto been 
figured, whilst of the second and larger, there are in this 
work 8. polyantha, tab. 4850, 8. Saiuidersii, tab. 5251, 
S. Bexii, tab. 3005, and 8. Gardeni, tab. 4862. 

8. Kirkii is a very elegant species, sent by our indefa- 
tigable correspondent, Sir John Kirk, from the hilly country 
of the coast opposite Zanzibar; — at least so it may be 
assumed, for it came up in the earth surrounding the roots 
of some ferns in a Ward's case sent by Sir John with plants 
from that coast, in which he had, with characteristic fore- 
sight, sowed seeds of plants of which he had no herbarium 
specimens worth sending. The seedlings arrived in 1882, 
and the plants flowered in March, 1884. Gladiolus Quar- 
tinianus (tab. 6739) came in the same case. 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1881, 

Descr. Stem four to six inches high, stout, erect, 
cylindric, hairy, leafy. Leaves opposite, with leafy buds in 
all the axils, one and a half to two inches long, broadly 
ovate, obtuse, crenate, rather thick, finely pubescent on 
both surfaces, base rounded or cordate ; petiole one-third 
to half an inch long. Scapes axillary, very slender, three 
to four inches long, hairy, dichotomously branching into a 
very lax pubescent cyme with slender branches and pedicels. 
Flowers drooping, opposite. Calyx one-tenth of an inch 
long, cleft to the middle into erect lanceolate lobes, pubes- 
cent. Corolla three-quarters of an inch long, pale lilac ; 
tube hairy, upcurved, broad and subcampanulate, mouth 
expanded, lobes short rounded ciliolate. Stamens two, in 
the middle of the tube, filaments very short; anthers 
broadly ovate. Ovary pubescent, contracted into a straight 
style with a broad disciform stigma. Capsule about an 
inch long, very slender, straight, twisted, acuminate. — 
/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open; 2 and 3, stamens ; t, calyx and ovary :— all enlarged. 



LEseve &.C? London. 

Tab. 6733. 
cbinum leucorhtllum. 

Native of Damara-land. 

Nat. Old. Amaetllide^e. — Tribe Amaetlle.e. 
Genus Ceinum, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 72G.) 

Ceinum (Stenaster) leucophyUum ; bulbo magno ovoideo tunicis membranaceis 
brunneis imbricatis, fuliis produetis 12-14 distichis lanoeolatia squarrosis albo- 
viridibua semipedahbus vel bipedalibcw margine denticulatis, scapo lateraii 
pedali crasso valde ancipiti, umbeliis 30-40- floris, gpathse ralris Lanceolate- 

deltoideis, braeteolis membranaceis lineari-subulatis, pedieellia produetis, floribus 
rubellia suaveolentibus tubo cylindrieo tripollicari, limbi segmentis patulis 
linearibus tubo brevioribus, genitalibus segmentis brevioribus, antheris pirvis. 

This is a very curious now Crinum of the asiaticum 
group. As Central Africa gets gradually explored, it 
proves to be the great head-quarters of the genus. The 
bulb of the present plant was brought from Damara-land 
in 1S80 by a Danish sea captain of the name of Tbure 
Gustave Ein. It was purchased for the Kew collection, 
and flowered for the first time in August, 1881, when the 
accompanying plate was drawn. It is peculiar for its very 
large bulb, very stout short flattened peduncle, numerous 
whitish -green distichously arranged leaves, and very 
numerous fragrant pink flowers. Its nearest allies are 
G. Tinneanum, from Kordofan, and G. Bainesii from 
Koobie, neither of which has been brought into cultiva- 
tion, and a new species sent home alive lately by Sir John 
Kirk from the Kassine Mountains, a hundred miles inland 
from Zanzibar, which will be described shortly under the 
name of Crinum Lastii, after the gentleman by whom the 
bulbs were procured. 

Desoe. Bulb ovoid, nearly half a foot in diameter, with 
many brown membranous tunics truncate at the top. Pro- 
duced leaves twelve or fourteen, arranged in a distichous 
column a foot long, lanceolate, one and a half to two feet 
long, five or six inches broad, squarrose, whitish-green, 


glabrous, denticulate at the margin. Scape issuing from 
the top of the bulb below the column of leaves, spreading 
about a foot long, above an inch thick, very much flattened. 
Flowers pinkish, fragrant, arranged forty or fifty in a dense 
centripetal umbel; pedicels sometimes above an inch long; 
spathe-valves lanceolate-deltoid ; bracteoles linear-subulate, 
membranous. Perianth with a cylindrical tube three inches 
long ; segments of the limb spreading horizontally, linear, 
rather shorter than the tube, channelled down the face. 
Stamens a little shorter than the perianth-segments; anthers 
small, linear-oblong, versatile. Style reaching to the tip 
of the stamens; stigma capitate. — /. G. Baiter. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, much reduced in size ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, apex of style 
with stigma, enlarged. 

I ''"</. 


Tab. G784. 

Kative of China. 

Nat. Ord. Obchideje. — Tribe Epidendbeje. 
Genus Dendbobium, Sicartz ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 498.) 

Dendbobium (Stachyobium) aduncum; caulibus elongatis gracilibus demum 
flexuosis pendulis, internodiis elongatis non incrassatis, foliis distiebis elliptico- 
lanceolatis acutis v. acuminatis, vaginis internodiis aequilongis, floribus solitariis 
v. in racemos paucifloros breves dispositis, sepalis petalisque ovatis obtusis 
acutisve pallide roseis, mento rotundato subinflexo, labello unguiculato albo 
subhemispberico apice in caudiculam brevem angustato intus villoso disco 
^laberrimo marginibus ciliatis, colurana brevi crassa 2-alata sub stigmate 
villosa, anthera purpurea glandulosa antice barbata. 

D. aduncum, Wall. MSS. ex Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1842, Misc. p. 58, No. 62, et 
1846, t. 15 ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 295. 

Though the plant here figured differs from the D. 
aduncum figured and described by Lindley in having solitary 
instead of racemed flowers, the two plants so perfectly 
agree in habit, foliage, and every other particular, that I 
cannot doubt their identity. Nor is there any other species 
with which this can be confounded ; the shape of the lip, 
its firabriation, the glandular purple anther and bearded 
column, are all very distinctive characters. Lindley says 
of it that it is in some respects allied to D. Pierardi, es- 
pecially in its small pink flowers and manner of growth ; 
out that it is more closely allied to D. moschatum, of which 
it may be regarded as a feeble imitation ; it is widely 
different from both, and is especially known by its half- 
transparent flowers of the most delicate texture and clearest 

It is a remarkable fact that though first published forty 
years ago, the native country of D. aduncum has hitherto 
been a mystery, Wallich having sent it from India under 
the name it bears with no further information. This 
desideratum we can now supply, our specimen having been 
received from Mr. Charles Ford, superintendent of the 

kovembee 1st, 1884. 

Hong Kong Botanical Gardens, who found it on a most 
interesting expedition which he made into the Lo-fau-Shan 
Mountains, on the coast opposite Hong Kong; an expedition 
which resulted in the discovery and transmission to England 
of the plant yielding the true Cassia bark of commerce, the 
origin of which was previously unknown, though the bark 
has been in use from the earliest historical period. 

Dr. Wallich probably procured D. aduncum through his 
Canton or Macao correspondents. The name aduncwm 
(hooked), of which Dr. Lindley says "why it is called 
aduncum, or whence it comes, we know not," no doubt 
applies to the hook-like tip of the lip. 

D. aduncum flowered in Kew in July of this year, the 
specimen having been imported in the previous year. It 
was in cultivation many years ago, Dr. Lindley having 
received it from Messrs. Loddiges in 1842, and from 
Messrs. Veitch in 1846. 

Descr. Stems one to two feet long, slender, pendulous, 
at length flexuous ; internodes one to one and a half inch 
long, not thickened, grooved towards the base. Leaves 
two and a half to three inches long, sessile, distichous, 
elliptic-lanceolate, acute, green above, red-brown beneath; 
sheath nearly as long as its internode, speckled. Flowers 
drooping, solitary, or in few-flowered short racemes from 
the nodes, peduncle and pedicels slender. Perianth one to 
one and a quarter inch in diameter, very concave, pale rose- 
colour, transparent. Sejjals erecto-patent, ovate, acute, 
lateral falcate narrower than the dorsal. Petals oblong, 
acute. Lip smaller than the petals, white, clawed, shortly 
boat-shaped or hemispheric, terminating abruptly m a 
short hooked tip, villous within except on the disc, margins 
ciliate. Column very short, villous in front beneath the 
stigma, two-winged, wings crenate at the tip. Anther dark 
purple, glandular, villous in front. — J. 1). 11. 

Fig. 1, Portion of sepal and lip ; 2, column ; 3, lip ; 4, anther ; 5, pollen :— all 




YonceriSrooksDay &Sonlt? 

I Reeve &.C?Loi 

Tab. 6785. 
PIXGUICULA hirtiflora. 

Native of Italy and Greece. 


Genus PiXGncrLA, Linn. ; {Benth. et RooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 988.) 

PiNGricrtA hirtiflora ; tota glandulosa, foliis oblongis v. Iineari-lingulatis 

-:libusv. in petiolum anguatatis obtusis v. retusis, scapis hirtis, calycis 

glandulosi segmentis oblongis obtusis, corolla lilacina v. rosea glabra v. sparse 

glandulosa, labii superioris lobis integris, inferioris lobis majoribus, fauce lutea, 

calcare subulato recto v. incurvo, capsula globosa calyce breviore. 

P. hirtiflora, Tenore Fl. Xeap. Prodr. p. vi. ; Fl. Nap. vol. iii. p. 18, t. 201 ; 
Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iv. p. 2. 

P. megaspilrca, Boiss. et Jleldr. JISS. 

P. albanica, Griseb. Spicileg. Fl. Rumel. vol. ii. p. 9. 

P. lusitanica, Salzm. PI. Cars, exsice. ; Eeichb. PI. Crit. vol. i. p. 70, t. 84. 

P. vulgaris, Salts Marschl. Enum. PI. Cors. in Flora, 1834, vol. ii. Beibl. p. 14 ; 
A. DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 28. 

The pretty little plant here figured has been much mis- 
understood by authors, as its synonymy shows, due, no 
doubt, to the difficulty of examining it in a dry state. Its 
nearest northern ally is P. vulgaris, which differs in the 
bright blue colour of the flower, and the retuse lobes of the 
corolla, as also in its less globose capsule. Tenore, indeed, 
describes the flowers of P. hirtiflora as azure ; but this 
appears to be a mistake ; Boissier says they are lilac or 
rose-colour, as does J. Gay in a manuscript note in his 

P. hirtiflora is a mountain plant of rather restricted 
geographical range. Corsica is its eastern limit; it is found 
in several places in the province of Naples ; it occurs in 
Herzegovina, Albania, and various parts of Greece, where 
it attains 6000 feet elevation; the Balkan is its northern 
limit, and the Island of Poros its eastern. 

For the specimen here figured the Royal Gardens are 
indebted to Miss E. M. Owen, of Gorey, Ireland ; they 
flowered in a cool pit in the month of February. 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1884. 

Desce. Leaves one to two and a half inches long, oblong 
or broadly Ungulate, obtuse, sessile, or narrowed into a 
short broad petiole, glandular and obscurely puberulous, 
pale green, margins of young incurved, of old flat. Scapes 
three to four inches high, slender, shortly hairy and glan- 
dular, especially above. Flowers two-thirds of an inch in 
diameter. Calyx small, segments of upper lip oblong, 
obtuse, glandular-hairy and -ciliate ; lower lip two-fid, 
shorter than the upper. Corolla lilac or rose-coloured; 
tube white, inflated, suddenly contracted into the straight 
or curved subulate spur ; two upper lobes almost rounded, 
three lower larger rather truncate ; throat yellowish. 
Stamens small; anthers globose. Ovary globose; lower 
lobe of stigma broad, rounded, upper lacerate, with a 
spiniform central process. Capsule globose, rather shorter 
than the calyx. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and ovary ; 2, front, and 3, back view of stamens ; 4, ovary ; 
5, young capsule : — all enlarged. 



fineent Brook 

L "Reeve *.0»Ldndan 

Tab. 6786. 

Native of Algeria. 

Nat OrJ. Liliacej:.— Tribe Ttlipeje. 
Genus Tclipa, Linn.; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa jirimulina ; humilis, glabra, bulbo ovoideo tunieis exterioribus castaneis 
aeuminatis iutus adpresse pilosis, foliis 3-6 linearibus confertis viridibus, 
pedunculo erecto unifloro, tloribus suaveolentibus primulino-luteis, perianthii 
lnfumlibularis segmentis conformibus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, exterioribus 
dorso rubellis, interioribus basi pilosis, staminibus perianthio duplo brevioribus, 
iilanientis basi dense barbatis, ovario ampullffifornii, stigtnatibus minutis. 

T. primulina, Baiter in Gard. Chron. new series, vol. xviii. p. 8, vol. xx. p. 233. 

This interesting new Tulip was discovered by Mr. Elwes, 
in May, 1SSl\ in the Aures Mountains, three hours' journey 
west of Batna, in Eastern Algeria. It was growing on the 
ridges and in the open glades of a cedar forest, at an 
elevation of about 6000 feet above sea-level. The same or 
a closely-allied species was found by Mr. W. Hammond at 
Elkantara, thirty miles further into the interior, on the 
border of the Sahara. Its affinity is with the widely-spread 
South European T. australis (T. Breyniana, Bot. Mag., 
tab. 717), and with the rare lowland Algerine T. fragrant, 
of Munby. These Tulips are many of them closely allied 
to one another, and they soon alter their stature and other 
characters under the influence of cultivation. 

DesOB Bulb ovoid, an inch in diameter; outer tunics 
chestnut-brown, acuminate, thinly clothed inside with short 
adpressed hairs. Stem one-flowered, glabrous, under a 
foot long. Leave* three to six, crowded near the base of 
the stem, linear, glabrous, channelled down the face reach- 
ing a length of six or eight inches. Peduncle glabrous, 
erect, half a foot long in the cultivated plant, Flower very 
fragrant. Perianth funnel-shaped, an inch and a halt long 
in the cultivated plant, pale priuirose-yellow. t te two rows 

KOVEMBEE 1ST, 1884. 

of segments nearly uniform in shape, oblong-lanceolate, 

acute, the outer more or less suffused with red on the back, 
the inner hairy at the baa I about half as long as 

the perianth;' anthers linear-oblong, orange-yellow; fila- 
ments densely hairy at the base. Ovary ampullseform, 
narrowed to the apex ; stigmas very small. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Base of an inner segment of the perianth ; 2 and 3. st unena ; i, ovary 
and stigmas : — all more or less enlarged. 


w ^ lvp 

1 Reeve C? Louden. 

Tab. 6787. 

iris hexagona. 

Native of the Southern United States. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidejc.— Tribe Moe^ej:. 
Gl-iius Ibis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 

Ibis (Apogcn) hexagona ; rhizomate erasso breviter repeDte, foliis en si form i bus 
viridibus, baialibaa 2-3-pedalibus, caulinis elongatis, spathis ssepissiine birloris, 
spathae valvis exterioribus oblongo-lanceolatis magnis, pedicello prodocto, ovario 
crlindrieo bexagono, perianthii tubo brevi subcylindrico, limbo magno saturate 
lilacino, segmentis exterioribus obovato-unguiculatis, limbo patulo luteo 
carinato Qngui SBqailongo, segmentis interioribus oblanceolatis erectis exteri- 
oribus paulo brevioribus, st3'lo ungui squilongo appendicibus deltoideis, 
antheris magnis filamento longioribu-*. 

I. hexagona, Walt. Ft. Carol, p. 06; Elliot Bot. South Carol, v.d. i. p. 46; 
Chapm. Fl. South United States, p. 472 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. N. S. 
vol. vi. p. 615; Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 461. 

I. virginim, Mith.r. Fl. Bar. Jnur. vol. i. p. 22; Pursk Fl. Bor.Amer. vol. i. 
p. 29, ex parte. 

This is a very distinct tall showy species of Iris, widely 
spread through the Southern United States, where it 
represents geographically its near allies, the more northern 
Iris versicolor and the Californian I. longipetala (Bot. Mag., 
tab. 5298). As it is restricted to the Southern States, it 
probably will not grow with us successfully out of doors, 
but that still remains to be tried. At any rate it is a 
valuable acquisition to our stock of the cultivated species. 
It was introduced by Professor M. Foster, and it was from 
a specimen that he exhibited in June at the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society that our plate was drawn. 
[ Descb. EootstocJc creeping, thicker than a man's thumb. 
Flowering -stem two or three feet long, stout, erect, bearing 
two or three clusters of flowers, generally with two in each. 
Leaves green, ensiform, those of the base two or three feet 
long, an inch broad ; those of the stem much overtopping 
the flowers. Outer spathe-valves oblong-lanceolate, green, 
three to six inches long. Flowers scentless, bright lilac. 
Pedicel and six-angled cylindrical ovary each about an inch 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1884, 

long. Periani) . -ul cylindrical, under an inch 

long; outer segments three inch j , with an oboyate 

blade an inch or an inch and a quarter broad, with a bright 

yellow keel, about equalling in length the ascending claw ; 
inner segments oblanceolate, erect, concolorous, rather 
shorter than the outer. Petaloid quailing in length 

the claw of the outer segments ; deltoid, reflexing. 

Anther an inch long, much exceeding the flattened filament. 
—J. G. Bai 

Rg. 1, Antler ; 2. stigma : — both enl 


S ? ^ H 

^&ient<Br o ote D ay & S on Tmp 

! ."Reeve 8c C? London.. 

Tab. 6788. 

HYDRANGEA petiolakis, Sieb. et Zncc. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifbage.e.— Tribe Hydbange.e. 
Genus Hydbangea, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 610.) 

Wyd'RA.TSQ'KK petiolaris / frutex alte scandens, glaber v. pubescens, ram is radicanti- 
bus glabris, foliis longe petiolatis ovato- v. rotundato-cordatis ellipticisve actum- 
natis argute serratis, axillis subtus barbatis, cymis amplis terminalibus plania 
pubescentibus ramulis elongatis, bracteis amplis subnu-mbranaceis elUpticis 
caducis, floribus sterilibus (cyma extiinis) longe pedioellatis, sepalis 3-4 rotim- 
datis integris v. subdentatis, floribus fertilibus alabastro globosis, calycis dentibus 
deciduis petalis calyptratim cobrorentibus, staminibus 15-20, capsula globusa. 

H. petiolaris, Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Jap. p. 113, t. 59, fig. 2 ; Franchet et Sural. En. 
PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 153. 

H. scandens, Maxim. JSevis. Uydrang. As. Orient, (in Mem. Acad. Imp, Sc. 
Petersb. ser. vii. vol. x.), 16. 

H. cordifolia et bracteata, Sieb. et Zucc. 1. c. p. 106, t. 54; p. 176, t. 92. 

A common plant in the subalpine districts of Japan, and 
extending to the Island of Sachalin. It is a very near ally 
of the Himalayan H. altissima, Wall (Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. 
p. 404), which only differs in having larger buds and ten 
stamens, and it is very probable that intermediate forms 
will be found in China. Both present the remarkable 
character (so common in Vitis) of the petals cohering into 
a small extinguisher-like cap, and both climb lofty trees 
by adventitious roots developed on the trunk and branches, 
of which economy the Dichotrichum figured in this very 
number (Plate 6791) offers a parallel. Maximovicz de- 
scribes the stamens as fifteen, but there are as many as 
twenty in the Kew plant. 

H. scandens is a free grower in a cool conservatory, and 
if planted in the ground, and provided with a support, will 
attain a considerable size. The Kew specimen is thus treat* » 1 
in the Temperate House, where it has been grown on the 
trunk of a tree-fern (Dicksonia antarctica), flowering in April 
and May. It has been twice received at Kew, first from 

DECBMBBB 1ST, 1884. 

M. Max Lcichtlin (in 1878), that here figured, and more 
recently in M. Joad's collection. In both cases it was 
named Schizophragma hydrangeoidet (a very different plant). 
Desck. Trunk slender, branching, and as well as the 
branches rooting like the ivy against its support, glabrous 
or hairy; flowering branches free. Leafs two to four 
inches long, broadly i rdate or rounded or elliptic, 

acute or acuminate, finely serrate, membranous, dark green 
above, paler beneath, where the nerves are bearded in the 
axils ; petiole slender, one to three inches long, globose or 
pubescent. Cymes eight to ten inches in diameter, flat- 
topped, with slender straggling radiating divaricating 
branches. Outer- or ra w, on slender 

pedicels, an inch long or less, one to two inches in 
diameter; sepals three to four, unequal, white, orbicular or 
the smaller ones oblong, entire or obscurely crenate ; disc 
occupied by a minute green cone which is formed of ccnnate 
petals enclosing some imperfect stamens, fertile flowers 
very numerous; calyx-tube turbinate, limb obtusely five- 
lobed ; petals connate into a deciduous cone ; stamens 
fifteen to twenty, filaments long slender, anthers didymous. 
Styles two or three, very short, recurved, stigma obtuse. 
Capsule small, subglobose. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Seduced view of the whole plant; 2, fertile flower; 8, the OOiinate petals ; 

4, stamens and styles; 5, anther; 6, ovary with three, ami 7, with two styles; 
8, petals and stamens of imperfect ray-flowers : — all enlarged. 


' Wnt.Bro:- 

Tab. 6789. 
A L L r U M u a o 11 a n r a o ji . 

Native of the Eastern Himalayas. 

Nat Oid. Liliacej:.— Tribe Allied. 
Genua Allium, Cum. ; (2?e?M//i. ef Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iil p. 802.) 

ALLIUM (Rhiziridium) macranthum ; rhizomate mdistinete bulboso, fibris radica- 
libus ploriboa earnosts. foliis linearibus acmninatis flaccidis glabris viridibus 
pedalibus vel sesqui pedalibus, caule valido tereti 2-3-pedali, umbella lasa 
malttflon pedioellis aloogatU spathic valvis ovatis cuspidatis pedieellis brevi- 
oribus, perianthio earapanulato splendide purpureo Mgmentis oblongis obtusis 
valde imbrieatis diu oonnirenttoiu, staininibus s:epissirae inclusis antheris 
parvis oblongis filamentis subeylindricis conformibus, ovario globoso, stylo 
wlongato sxaerto. 

A. macranthum, Baker in Journ. Bot. 1871, p. 293 ; Regel Alitor. Monogr. 
pp. 30 and 182. 

This is a fine tall Bast Himalayan Allium belonging to 
tlit> group in which the rootstock is scarcely at all bulbous. 
Before Mr. Elwes brought it home alive, it was known to 
US only by a single dried specimen gathered in 1848 by 
Sir .1. I), [looker. This was obtained in the Lachen valley 
in Sikkim, at an elevation of 13,000 feet above sea-level. 
Mr. Elwes gathered it in an excursion to the Chunibi 
valley, but ho is not quite certain whether on the Tibetan 
or Sikkitn side of the frontier. Amongst the European 
species its nearest affinity is with A. pedenwntanum, VilL, 
and A. insubricum, Boiss. and Reut. What with its 
robust habit and very numerous flowers of bright mauve- 
purple, it is for horticultural purposes one of the finest of 
all the Alliums that have been brought into cultivation ; 
and of course, coming from such an altitude, it is sure to 
be perfectly hardy. Our drawing was made from a plant 
that flowered with Mr. Elwes at Cirencester in July, 1833. 
Descr. Rootdock indistinctly bulbous, with a dense tuft 
of fleshy cylindrical root-fibres produced from its base. 
Leaves numerous, linear, thin in texture, a foot or a foot 
and a half long, tapering gradually from the base upwards 

DBCIMBXI 1st, 1S84. 

to a long point. a tuft, erect, terete, 

two or three feet long. Fhtcera fifty or mure, arranged 
in a lax globose umbel three or four inches in diameter; 

pedicels reaching a. length of one and a half or two inches; 
spathe-valves two or rarely three, with a short cusp, 

shorter than the pedicels, remaining till the flowers are 
well developed. 1 ' nearly half an inch long, re- 

maining permanently campanulate, bright mauve-purple; 
segments oblong, obtuse, the three outer ones touching by 
their margins when the flower is at its fullest expansion. 
Stamens rarely protruded beyond the tip of the perianth- 
segments ; anthers oblong, minute; filaments all similar 
and subcylindrical. Ovary globose; style finally half an 
inch long; stigma capitate. — J. G. Bo 

Fig. 1, The whole plant — much reduce I ; 2, rootfttock— life size; 3, the pistil ; 
4, front view of anther; 5, back view of anther; 6, stamens and pistil -.—all four 
more or less enlarged. 



1 Reeve & 

Tab. G790. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Monabdk.5:. 
Genus Salvia, Linn. ; (Benth. et LTook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1191.) 

Salvia (Ilymenosphace) paniculata ; frutex erectus, robustus, scab ridus, rani ul is 
stiictis teretibuc, foliis breviter petiolatis obovatis acutis subdentatis coriaceis 
ba.»i cuneatis utrinque scaberulis floralibus ovatis membranaceis deciduis, 
i;t vmis paniculatim ramosis glanduloso-pubescentibus, verticillastris 2-floris 
distincti.-, nlyee breviter can'ipanulato labiis suba?qualibus superiore integro 
rotundato, inferior* 2-dentato, corolla t»rule* calyce 3-4-plo longiore, tubo 
brevi, labio superiore laleato, inferiors sequilongo dilatato 3-lobo. 

S. paniculata, Linn. Mont. pp. 25 and 511 ; Ait, Sort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. i. p. 63 ; 
B\ nth. in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 275. 

S. Chanueetaagnea, Berg. Descr. PL Cap. vol. i. p. 3. 

8. minor, &c , Bni/n, Exot. PL Ctnt. vol. i. p. 169, t. 85. 

This belongs to a geographical section of the vast genus 
of Sages of which all inhabit South Africa, except 8. 
canariensis (from the Canary Islands), and which is one 
of the few South African types which are indigenous in 
that interesting archipelago. Of this section twelve species 
are described by Bentham in De Candolle's " Prodromus," 
of which several were in cultivation early in the century, 
but most, if not all, have long since died out. Thus 8. 
paniculata itself was introduced by Philip Miller in 1753, and 
as will be seen further on, long lingered in the Cambridge 
Botanical Gardens; flf. canariensis so long ago as 1697, 
in the garden of the Duchess of Beaufort, and is figured 
by Trew. A most beautiful one is 8. aurea, figured at 
Tab. 182 of this work (in 1792), with orange-yellow flowers 
an inch and a half in diameter, which turn a rusty brown ; 
it was cultivated in 1731 by Miller, and grew to the size 
of a shrub six to seven feet high. In those early days of 
horticulture in England the Cape House was an attractive 
feature. This was when the plant-houses were heated with 

DECEMBER 1$T, 1884. 

hot air, and water being comparatively scarce, or brought 
from a distance only, overwatering was not the pernicious 
practice it is now where the plants of dry countries are 

For the reintroduction of this beautiful green-house 
plant we are indebted to Mr. Lynch of the Cambridge 
Botanical Gardens, an institution which, under his able 
management, is rapidly rising to eminence, as one of the 
very best in Europe. 

8. paniculata inhabits sandy places in the districts of 
Worcester and Clan William, and has also been gathered 
on the eastern side of Table Mountain by Ecklon. At 
Cambridge it flowers in the open air in August. Mr. 
Lynch received it four years ago from the Botanical 
Gardens of Ghent, and the specimen figured was from one 
taken from it and planted against a wall. He informs me 
that there was an old plant of it in a decaying state in the 
Cambridge Gardens, but that cuttings from it had failed. 

Descr. A leafy erect shrub six to seven feet high, with 
scabrid red-brown stem, rounded branches, and glandular- 
pubescent panicles of large pale lilac-blue flowers. Leaves 
one to two inches long, coriaceous, obovate, acute or obtuse, 
irregularly toothed, scabrid on both surfaces ; basecuneate, 
narrowed into a short petiole. Panicle* laxly many- 
flowered; flowers in distant pairs, shortly pedicelled. 
Calyx one-third of an inch long, subcampanu'late, scabrid, 
two-lipped ; upper lip rounded, lower two-toothed. Corolla 
pale purplish blue, four times as long as the calyx, tube 
short, wide, upper lip one to one and a half inch long, 
narrow, sickle-shaped, obtuse ; lower nearly as long, di- 
lated, with three broad refuse lobes. Stamens included 
under the upper lip, filaments very short, connective very 
long, with a linear anther at the long upper end, the short 
lower end dilated. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of flower; 2, anther; 3, filament and lower end of connective; 
4, staminodea ; 5, top of style and its arms :— all enlarged. 


1 vhceittBrooks,DaykSorJmp. 

-i-?feeve & C 9 1 onion. 

Tab. 6791. 
DIOHOTRIOHUM tekxateum. 

Native of the Moluccas. 

Nat Ord. Gesnebace^:. — Tribe Ctetandbe^:. 
Genus DicuoTBicnt-Ji, Heine. ; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1014.) 

Dichotbichum ternateum ; suffrutex ramis radicantibus scandens, molliter 
pubweena, foliis oppositis paribus quam maxime insequalibus, majoribus 
petiolatis oblique ovato-rotundatis subacutis irregnlariter serrato-dentatis basi 
rordatis, niinovibus parvulis aurieuheformibus, pedunculo longissimo pendulo, 
floribus'dfuse umbellatine corymbosis nutaritibus assurgentibus coccincis, ealvce 
Bubcampanolato 5-dentato, corolla; tubo curvo ealvce triplo longiore, limbi lobis 
5 oblongis obtusis tubo multo brevioribus, antheris exsertis, stigmatis lobis 
inagnis rotundatis, capsulis longissimis. 

I>. tcrnateum. R> intodt. MSS. in Be J'riese Tuinboazv-Flora, vol. iii. p. 351, cum 
ie. ; Morn n. Belgupte Horticoh, vol. xxi. p. 353, t. 22. 

Thomsdobffia ? elongata, Blumc Bijdr. p. 703 ; Brown in Jlor.sf. PI. Jav. Bar. 
p. 116. 

Dichotrichum is a close ally of the beautiful genus 
Machynanthua, differing from it very slightly in floral cha- 
racters (the Btigma and form of the bristles of the seed), 
but notably in habit, in which latter respect it is very near 
to the Javan monotypic genus AgaJmyla (Plate 5747) ; which 
again differs in having only two perfect stamens, and a 
more regular corolla with included filaments. It is a plant 
of curious habit, climbing trunks of trees and moist rocks 
by the rootlets, which, as in the Ivy, are developed in great 
abundance all along those sides of the stem and branches 
which are adjacent to its supports. From these branches 
the loner flowering peduncle depends, bearing a candelabra- 
like corymb of ascending flowers. The position of the 
peduncle and flowers is the opposite of that represented 
in bothDe Vriese's figure and in the "Belgique Horticole. 

This fine plant is a native of the volcanic island of ler- 
nate, one of the Moluccas, whence we have herbarium 
specimens collected bv Mr. Moseley, one of the Naturalists 
of the "Challenger" Expedition. It was introduced by 
Jacob Makoy and Co., of Liege, from whom we received a 

DECBMBEB 1ST, 1884. 

specimen in 1882, and it was figured in the 4i Belgique 
Horticole" of 1871. 

The Kew plant was grown against B fiat board in the 
Begonia House, and flowered in September. 

1 1 SOB. A tall climbing undershrub, with soft thick 
herbaceous branches, all over softly pubescent ; stem and 
branches rooting copiously into its supports. Leaves in 
rather distant and most unequal deep-green pairs ; the 
larger four to eight inches long, petioled, broadly obliquely 
rounded-ovate, subacute, irregularly obtusely serrate, rather 
fleshy; base cordate with the two sides of the leaf appressrd 
at the insertion of the petiole, which is one to four inches 
long, stout and terete ; smaller leaf usually reduced to a 
green sessile auricle half an inch long or longer, appressed 
to the stem; but sometimes larger and petioled. }'><hinrte 
axillary, one to two feet long, pendulous, terete, brown. 
FloWi ra in an umbelliform corymb, crowded, pedicels 
half an inch long, ascending; bracts small, lanceolate, 
green. Cabjx suberect, a third of an inch long, green, 
acutely five-toothed. Corolla one inch long, scarlet ; tube 
curved outwards, with live small tufts of hairs beneath the 
stamens near the base within ; limb nearly symmetrical ; 
lobes oblong, tips rounded, two upper rather the longer 
and nearer together. Stamens four, inserted below the 
mouth of the corolla, filaments Bubequal slender; anthers 
oblong, brown, touching in pairs. — J. D. 11. 

Fit,'. 1, Calyx and style and stigma; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, tuft of hairs from 
the base of the tube of the corolla; 5, anther ; tJ, notion ot'ovary \ — all tula/ycil. 


LReeve &_ C° loiulon . 

Tab. 6792. 

Native of Eastern Australia. 

Nat OrJ. Labiate.— Tribe Ocijioide.2e. 
Genus Plectkasthus, L'her ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1175.) 

PLECTRAXTnrs (Isodon) fcetidus ; elatus, robustus, dense villosus, caule crasso 
obscure 4-gODO, foliis amplis petiolatis late ovatis subacutis grosse crenatis 
basi rotundatis v. truncatis, petiolo crasso, floralibus deeiduis, spicis dense 
lanatis elongatis an^ustis inclinatis, verticillastris approximatis multifloris, 
floribus subsessilibus. calyce infra medium 5-fido lobis subsequalibus lanceo- 
latis acuminatis, corolla pubescente, tubo brevi exserto decurvo, labio superiore 
hi evi 2-lobo recurvo lateralibus minutis rotundatis, inferiore scaphseforme 
anthtris exsertis. 

P. fcetidus, Benth. Lah. p 35 ; et in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 65 (Species in Fl. 
Austral, prsetermissa). 

Ocimum fcetidum, Banks MSS. 

This very striking plant was accidentally overlooked by 
Mr. Bentham when preparing the " Flora Australiensis," 
though it was published originally by himself in his "Genera 
et Species Labiatarum," and subsequently in De Candolle's 
" Prodromus." The fact is, that it is an exceedingly rare 
plant, and until the specimens here figured were received, 
it was known only from a single individual gathered by Sir 
Joseph Banks at Endeavour Bay in tropical Australia, 
during Capt. Cook's first voyage, and preserved in the 
British Museum Herbarium. 

The genus Plectranthus contains nearly seventy species, 
all natives of the Old World, several of which are prominent 
features in Himalayan scenery. Several have been figured 
in this work, but none handsomer than P. fcetidus — P. 
ForsJcahlti, t. 2036; P. carnosus, t. 2318; P. tematas, 
t. 2460; and P. coleoides, t. 5841. 

P. fcetidus was so named from the odour of the plant 
when bruised, I assume, as it has no smell when fresh, and 
it is far from offensive when crushed. 

DBCBMBKH 1st, 1884. 

It was raised at the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, wh 
specimens were sent to Kew in 1833. That from which 
this drawing was made formed a conspicuous feature in the 
Palm House during the spring months, from the gi 
length of its racemose spikes with their snowy coat of 
wool enlivened by the beautiful cobalt-blue of the corolla. 
It is a fine introduction, and well worth cultivation. 

Desce. Stem three to five feet high, robust, as thick as a 
swan's quill, obtusely four-angled, tomentose below, villous 
above. Leaves four to six inches long, broadly cordate, 
subacute, coarsely crenate, tomentose on both surfaces, 
rather fleshy, base truncate or rounded ; petiole one to two 
inches long, robust, villous. Inflorescence a sparingly 
branched raceme two to three feet long of slender spikes 
clothed with thick white wool ; whorls small, many-flowered, 
approximate; flowers shortly pedicelled. Calyx one-sixth 
of an inch long, villous, cleft below the middle into five 
lanceolate acuminate subequal teeth. Corolla cobalt-blue, 
pubescent; tube short, decurved ; upper lip short, broad, 
two-lobed, reflexed, with two small rounded lateral lobes 
at its base; lower lip one-third of an inch long, boat- 
shaped. Anthers very shortly exserted at the end of the 
lower lip. — /. D. R. 

Fig.^l, Upper part of the plant — reduced; 2, flower; 3. corolla ami stamens ; 
4 and 5, anthers ; 6, disk and ovary -.—all enlarged. 


To Vol. XL. of the Third Series, or Vol. CX. 
of the whole Work. 

6753 Abies religiosa. 

C7">0 Acanthomintha ilicifolia. 

6789 Allium macranthum. 

6767 Begonia BedJomei. 
6758 Begonia Lyncheana. 

6770 Berberis congestifolia, var. 

6768 Beschorneria Decosteriana. 
6765 Caraguata sanguinea. 
6774 Cereus paucispinus. 

6781 Chrysanthemum cinerariie- 


6715 Citrus medica, var. acida. 

67 19 CoiFoa travancorensis. 

6779 Corylopsis himalayana. 

67S3 Crinum leueophyllum. 

6731 Decaisnea insignia. 

6781 Deiulrobiuin aduncum. 

6746 Dichopogon strictus. 

6791 Dichotriclmm ternateum. 

6763 Drymonia marmorata. 

6739 Gladiolus Quartinianus. 
6778 Ilamianthus Ivatherinae. 
6788 Hydrangea petiolaris. 

6764 Hypericum empetrifolium. 
6787 Iris hexagona. 

6775 Iris (Xiphion) tingitana. 

67 12 Kniphofia foliosa. 

6751 Labichea lanceolata. 

6752 Leiopbyllum buxifoliuin. 
6733 Lotus peliorhynchus. 

6740 Masdevalia Sehlimii. 

6760 Meconopsis "Wallichii, var. 

6734 Fiorina Coulteriana. 

6741 Xotospartium Carmichaelia?. 

6736 Xymphaea alba, var. rubra. 

6771 Odontoglossum Edwardi. 
6748 Osalis articulata. 

6738 Penstemon labrosus. 

6777 Pentapterygium. serpens. 

6735 Phacelia campanularia. 
6773 Philodendron Selloum. 
6743 Picea ajanensis. 
6785 Pinguicula hirtiflora. 
6792 Plectranthus foetidus. 
6732 Primula prolifera. 
6780 Pyrus (Cydonia) Maulei. 
6776 Ravenea Hiklebrandtii. 
6769 Ehododendron multicolor. 

6755 Sagittaria montevidensis. 

6772 Salvia discolor. 
6790 Salvia paniculata. 
6766 Solanum Jamcsii. 

6756 Solanum Maglia. 

6762 Steudnera colocasirefolia. 

6782 Streptocarpus Kirkii. 

6737 Tilia petiolaris. 

6757 Tillandsia streptophylla. 
6744 Tinnea asthiopica, var. den- 


6747 Torenia Fournieri. 

6759 Trichocaulon piliferum. 

6761 Tulipa Alberti. 

6754 Tulipa Kesselringii. 

6786 Tulipa primulina.