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plants of tl)e ftopal <Sarotn3 of &eto, 





F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 



(Or Vol. CXI. of the Whole Work.) 


" For certes at my devise 
There in no place in Paradise 
So good in for to dwell, or be. 
As in that garden, thoughte me." — Chauceb. 



[All rights reserved.] 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 








Dear Dr. db Kegel, 

Let me claim the privilege of many years' 
friendship, and dedicate to you the 111th volume of the 
Botanical Magazine, as a testimony of my genuine 
admiration for your distinguished services as a scientific 
Horticulturist, and of my appreciation of your acquirements 
and labours as a Botanist. 

Believe me, dear Dr. Regel, 

Most faithfully yours, 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 
December 1st, 1885. 



"Vincent Bro ota D ay & 1 5 a ] i Imp 

Tab. 6793. 
MAGNOLIA Campbellii. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Magnoliace.&. — Tribe Magnolieje. 
Genus Magnolia, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f, Gen. PL vol. i. p. 18.) 

Magnolia Campbellii ; arborea, foliis deciduis ellipticis oblongis ovatisve abrupte 
acuminatis subtus sericeis denum glabratis, floribus ante folia enatis maximia 
roseis, bracteis amplis late ovatis fusco-sericeis exterioribus plerumque foliferis 
intimis flori appressis, sepalis petalisque conformibus 12-15 elliptico-oblongis 
obtusis, carpellis in spicam cjlindricain cotifertis 1-2-spermis. 

M. Campbellii, Hook.f. et Thomson in Hook.f. III. Him. Plant, t. 4, 5, and in 
Flora Indica, p. 77 ; Hook.f. Flora of British India, vol. i. p. 41 ; Gamble, 
Manual of Indian Timbers, p. 5, and Trees and Shrubs of ' Darjeeling, p. 2. 

Magnolia, Griff. Pusth. Papers, vol. ii. p. 153 ; and Ic. PI. Asiat. t. 656. 

This, which is in every respect, except in having deciduous 
foliage, the noblest species of the genus, was, before the 
destruction of the grand forests that clothed the higher 
elevations of the outer ranges of the Sikkim Himalaya, by 
far- the most notable tree of the district, and I have seen 
the flanks of a mountain rose-coloured in spring from its 
abundance and its habit of flowering before the development 
of the leaves. It was discovered by Dr. Griffith in the 
Bhotan Himalaya at 8000 feet elevation (near Tongsa), 
but his specimens were very imperfect, and his collections 
being buried in the vaults of the India House, nothing 
further was known of the plant till I met with it in Sikkim ; 
he, however, describes it in his (posthumously published) 
" Itinerary Notes," p. 153, No. 755, as a large tree, leafless 
when flowering, with flowers a span in diameter; the 
sepals (inner bracts ?) green and petals white. This work 
did not reach England till after the publication of the 
" Illustrations of Himalayan Plants," in which M. Campbellii 
first appeared. 

As a species, M. Campbellii ranks near M, Yulan, and 
others with deciduous leaves, whilst in its arboreous habit 
it has no rival. The trunk attains a height of eighty feet, 

JAN CAB v 1st, 1885. 

with a dark bark, that of the branches being nearly black ; 
the wood is white and soft, with about twelve rings to the 
inch, and is occasionally used for planking. Gamble, in 
his valuable work on Indian timbers, says that it is now 
(1881) growing scarce in Sikkim, whereas w r hen I was in 
that country upwards of thirty years ago, it was one of 
the commonest trees at about 8000 to 9000 feet on the 
hills near Darjeeling. It was chosen by Dr. Thomson and 
myself to commemorate the eminent public services of the 
late Dr. Archibald Campbell, for many years Political 
Resident at Darjeeling, to whom the rise and progress of 
that magnificent hill station is due, and who has further 
contributed largely to our knowledge of the geography, 
natural productions, arts, manufactures, and people of the 
Nepal and Sikkim Himalaya. 

Our plate gives a very indifferent idea of the size and 
colour which the flowers of this plant attain ; Mr. Gamble 
says that they measure as much as ten inches in diameter, 
and they are often of a deep rose colour. I have seen four 
or five such on a branch a foot and a half long, resembling 
a bunch of nelumbium flowers, but far more vividly coloured. 

Repeated attempts have been made to introduce Magnolia 
Campbellii by seed, but on arrival the fleshy albumen has 
always been found to have decayed and killed the minute 
embryo. Living plants have been sent by Drs. Anderson 
and King, of the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, but they have 
proved too tender for the open air in the East of England. 
In Ireland, however, it has succeeded. I saw a small tree 
of it in Mr. Crawford's well-known garden near Cork in 
1878 ; this flowered in March of the present year, when 
that gentleman kindly forwarded the flower for figuring in 
this work. At Kew it grows well in the temperate house, 
but has not hitherto flowered. The leaves were fully 
developed on Mr. Crawford's plant in July, and were then 
added to the drawing. The fruit and seed, and the analyses 
of these, are added from the " Illustrations of Himalayan 
Plants." In the south of France and in Italy it has 
flowered on several occasions. — J. D. H. 

Fi^. 1, Leafing branch; 2, flowering ditto; 3, stamen ; 4, stigma; 5, fruit; 
6, seed; 7, vertical section of ditto; 8, embryo :— a 11 but ji s. 3, 4, 7, 8, of the 
natural size. 


■ • 


Tab. 6794. 

idesia poltcarpa. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Bixine^;.— Tribe Flacouetie.e. 
Genus Idesia, Maxim. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 972.) 

Idesia polycarpa ; arbor magna, coma rotundata, ramulis crassinseulis cicatricatis, 
foliis alternis longe petiolatis amplia polymorpbis rotnndatis cordatis ovato- 
oblongisve acuminata aerratia, stipulis parria caducia, racemia pendulis axilla- 
ribus et teiminalibus, floribus dioicis albis v. flavidis, aepatia 3-0 crassiusculis 
pubcscentibus eoiiaceis late oblongis apicibus dentatis, petalis 0, fl. mas. 
staminibus perplurimis, Jl. faem. staminodiis numeroais, ovario globoso, stylis 
3-6 patenti-recurvis stiginatibus globoso-clavellatis, placet) tis 3-6 multiovulatis, 
baccis numerosissimis globosis. 

I. polycarpa, Maxim. Mel. Biol. Imp. Arad. St. Petcrsh. vol. vi. 1866, fasc. i. 
p. 19; (Bull. Acad. Petcrsh. vol. x. 1866, p. 485;) Francliet et Savat. 
Enum. PL Jap. vol. i. p. 44; Lavallce, Arboret. Segrez. t. 13; Carriere in 
Beit. Hortic. 1872, p. 174, cum ic. xylog. 

Polycabpa Maximoviczii, et Flacoubtia Japonica, Sort. 

Kaba Sendan, Oliver in Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. ix. p. 168. 

The earliest notice of the remarkable tree, of which the 
female flowers are here represented, was by Professor Oliver 
(as he has pointed out to me) in his paper " On a few 
Plants collected in Japan, &c, by Mr. R. Oldham, late 
Collector for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew," published 
in the ninth volume of the Journal of the Linnaaan Society, 
p. 168, where a description of a specimen in fruit is given, 
with the Japanese name of Kara Sendau, and a reference 
of it, doubtfully, to the order Bixinece. Two years after- 
wards, in 1866, the learned Russian botanist and Japanese 
traveller, Maximovicz, published a full description of it 
under the name of Idesia, in commemoration of a Dutch 
traveller, Eberhard Isbrants Ides, who undertook an ex- 
ploration of China about the beginning of last century. 
Lastly, a capital figure of it appeared three years ago in 
the beautiful " Arboretum Segrezianum " of the lamented 
M. Lavallee, together with full details. There it is described 
as a large tree with a straight trunk crowned with numerous 
horizontally spreading branches, forming a broad rounded 
cyme, resembling the Catalpa. 

Idesia is, as at present known, monotypic, but there is 

januaet 1st, 1885. 

in the Herbarium of Kew a plant from Cachar (north-east 
of Bengal) in young fruit which so strongly resembles that 
of Idesia that it may prove to be a second species of the 
genus ; the leaves are oblanceolate, and not glaucous 

Idesia is a native of Japan, where it occurs both wild 
and cultivated. It was introduced into Europe by Dr. 
Kegel, of the St. Petersburg Botanical Gardens, and was 
subsequently largely diffused by M. Linden. The Royal 
Gardens of Kew have received it from several Continental 

The berries are remarkable for staining the Herbarium 
paper black or dark brown, which suggests their use for 
ink; they are said to be eatable, but are probably not 
worth eating; and if they stain the mouth as they do paper, 
they are not likely to prove popular. The specimen from 
which our figure was taken is a small tree in the Kew 
arboretum, where it is quite hardy, flowering in Midsummer. 

Descr. A tree forty to fifty feet high ; bark smooth, 
white or yellowish ; branches stout, with thick pith, covered 
with scars of fallen leaves and lenticels. Leaves long- 
petioled, drooping, five to ten inches long and sometimes 
eight inches broad, very variable in shape, usually cordate 
and acuminate, sometimes oblong or even orbicular, deep 
green, quite glabrous except at the axils of the nerves 
beneath, which are bearded, teeth distant, under surface 
glaucous ; petiole four to six inches long, often red ; stipules 
minute. Panicles shorter than the leaves, pendulous, many- 
and sparse-flowered, puberulous, rachis branches and pedi- 
cels slender. Male el. half an inch diameter. Sepals oblong, 
obtuse, spreading, pubescent; tip entire or toothed. Stamens 
numerous, filaments hairy, anthers didymous. Female el. 
smaller than the male. Sepals broader and shorter, erect. 
Staminodes numerous, minute, with interposed glands. 
Ovary shortly stipitate, globose; placentas three to six; 
styles three to six, radiating from the top of the ovary, 
with club-shaped or capitellate stigmas ; ovules very many. 
Berries very numerous, as large as small grapes, globose, 
orange-yellow with a greenish pulp. Seeds very many, 
ovoid, smooth ; testa crustaceous. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of fem. -flower; 2, sepal and staminodes ; 3 and 4, staminodes and 
inti rposed glands of disk ; 5, pistil ; t5, stigma ; 7, transverse section of ovary : — 
all enlarged. 



Tab. 6795. 

Nativo of St. Domingo. 

Nat. Ord. OnagbabiE-E. 
Genus Fuchsia, Linn. ; {Benth. et LToolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 790.) 

Fuchsia triphyUa ; fruticulus pubescens, foliis ternatim verticillatis breviter 
petiolatis oblanceolatis acutis subserratis supra viridibus, puberulis snbtus 
purpurascentibus velutino-pubescentibus, nervis numerosis arcuatis, floribus 
corymbosis nutantibus v. pendulis, bracteis viridibus pedicellis periantbiisque 
toto-coccineis, calycis tubo basi modice inflato dein gracili supra medium inflato- 
ellipsoideo, lobis triangularibus acutis, petalis rotundatis calycis lobis brevioribtis, 
staminibus 4 alteruipetalis petalis subajquilongis 4 oppositipetalis petalis 
brevioribus, stylo exserto. 

F. tripbylla, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 1191 ; Willd. in TJsteri Annal. vol. iii. t. 6, fig. 3 
(copied from Plumier) ; llemsley in Gard. Chron. 1884, vol. ii. p. 263. 

F. racemosa, Lamk. Diet. vol. ii. p. 565 ; and III. t. 282, fig. 1; DC. Prodr. vol. iii. 
p. 39 ; De.scourlitz Flore Medicate des Antilles, vol. ii. p. 161, t. 109. 

Fuchsia tripbylla fiore coccineo; Plumier, Nov. Plant. Amer. Gen. p. 14, t. 14 ; 
and Plant. Amer. Ed. Burm. t. 133, fig. 1. 

A most interesting plant, from being the type of the 
well-known and large genus Fuchsia, which was founded 
upon it 180 years ago, and yet it has been all but unknown 
to science till the present year ! I cannot do better than 
extract the details of this anomaly in botanical history and 
literature from an excellent account of Fuchsia triphylla 
drawn up by Mr. Hemsley for the " Gardener's Chronicle " 
(cited above), premising that Mr. Hemsley was the first to 
recognize the name and interest of the plant, when trans- 
mitted to Kew by Messrs. Henderson for naming. 

In the latter part of the seventeenth century, Father 
Plumier, a missionary, collected largely in the West Indies, 
and chiefly in the Island of St. Domingo, and in 1703 
published his " Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera." 
Of these genera one was that which he called "Fuchsia 
triphylla flore coccineo." It is accompanied with a rude and 
inexact figure, only four stamens being represented, and 
the petals being of a wrong form ; there is, however, no 

JAKUABT 1ST, 1885. 

doubt that the figure is intended for this plant, and Linnaeus, 
in the first edition of the "Species i'lantarum " (1 75:3), 
took it up as Fuchsia trijphylla. Shortly afterwards, in 
1758, Burmann published a series of plates of drawings 
made by Plumier in the West Indies and South America, 
including one of the Fuchsia (tab. 183, fig. 1). Other 
species of Fuchsia were soon added to the genus, and 
Lamarck (no doubt from finding the triphyllous character 
to be common to other species of the genus) in 1793 changed 
the name to F. rnrcmusa, without comment, which Des- 
courlitz in his " Flora of the Antilles " adopts. Lastly, 
Kunth, in describing Humboldt and Bonpland's South 
American collections, proceeding on the assumption that 
F. triphylla is a Continental American plant, doubtfully 
refers to it a triphyllous species from New Grenada, and in 
so doing is followed by De Candolle. 

The specimen here figured was sent to Kew by Messrs. 
Henderson, with the information that it was collected by 
Thomas Hogg in St. Domingo, where it forms around bush, 
"not over eighteen inches high, every shoot of which is 
terminated by a raceme of orange-scarlet wax-like flowers." 
Descourlitz's figure is sufficiently characteristic, though he 
figures the flowers as erect, and t Ik.' leaves as green beneath. 
He states that Plumier found it in uncultivated places, " en 
allant du quartier de la bande du Sud, a celui qu'on nomme 
le Grand Cul-de-Sac," adding that, he has found it himself 
often at St. Jago de Cuba. He attributes to it medicinal 
properties, amongst others the curing of certain intermittent 
fevers, and says that it is a powerful remedy in asthenic 
derangements of the lymphatic system. — J. D. 11. 

Fig. 1, Portion of under-surface of leaf; 2, calyx laid open ; 3, petal ; 4 and 5, 
anthers; 6, style and stigma -.—all enlarged. 



Vir.fent Brook; Day k3on.tap 

I, Reeve & C° Loadon. 

Tab. 6796. 
DENTARIA polyphtlla. 

Native of Middle Europe. 

Nat Ord. Cbucifekje. — Tribe Ababide^:. 

Genus Dentaeia, Linn. Cabdaminjb, subgenus Dentaeia, Benth. et Ilook.f. 
Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 70. 

Dentaeia polyphi/lla ; glaberrima, foliis 2-4 approximate oppositis alternis v. 
ternatim vertieillatis breviter petiolatis pinnatisectis, segmcntis 7-9 approxi- 
matis subsessilibus lineari-lanceolatts acuminatis grosse serratiB, Horibus Kub- 
cor\-mbosis longe pedicellatis nutautibus, sepalis oblong ii obtusis pallide 
viridibus, petalis triplo longioribus obovato-spathulatis albis emarginatis, 
siliquis erectis elongato-ensiformibus in stylum longe angustatis oligospermia, 
valvis coriaceis enerviis tenuissime striolatis, seuiinibus oblongis funiculo 

D. polyplvylla, Waldst. et Kitaib. PI. Bar. Hung. vol. ii. p. 174, t. 160; DC. 
St/st. Veg. vol. ii. p. 271, and Prodr. vol. i. p. lot; Koch, Syn. Ft. Germ. 
p. 49 ; Beichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. ii. t. 32 ; Bertoloni, Fl. Ita'l. vol. vii. p. 5. 

The question of the distinction between the genera Den- 
taria and Gardamine has often been discussed, and is so far 
settled in the " Genera Plantarum " that the former has 
been reduced to a subgenus of the latter. Brown and 
Bernhardi distinguished them by habit and the dilated 
funicles of Dentaria. Spenner found a character in the 
cotyledons of Dentaria pinnata, which, instead of being flat, 
as in Gardamine, have their margins on both sides folded 
inwards. This folding is, however, sometimes (as in D. 
enneaphylla) confined to one side of the cotyledons only, 
and in other species it is evanescent, as in the common D. 
bulbifera. Koch has pointed out a character in the petioled 
cotyledons of Dentaria. Bernhardi indicates a very im- 
portant difference in the germination of the two genera, for 
whereas in Gardamine the plumule germinates between the 
two cotyledons, in Dentaria the cotyledons perish, and a 
tubercle forms at their base, from which, in the following: 
year, growth takes place. How far this is constant in the 
genus is not known; and the fruiting of D. bulbifera is a 

jaa'Uaby 1st, 1885. 

very rare phenomenon ; of upwards of fifty specimens in 
the Kew Herbarium not one has a pod. I am nol aware 
whether the structure of tho embryo and the germination of 
D. polyphylla have been observed, but I find that the cotyle- 
dons are longitudinally folded, one embracing the other, 
and the radicle is bipartite almost to its tip, forming a long 
stalk as it were to each cotyledon. 

D. pohjphjlla is one of the most elegant of early spring 
flowering plants, and admirably suited for the rock garden, 
from the bright green of the leaves and tho grace of its 
drooping corymbs of white or pale straw-coloured flowers. 
It has rather a restricted range, inhabiting wooded moun- 
tains from Central Switzerland eastwards to Carniola and 
Croatia, and southward in Italy to Etruria. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Messrs. Froebel, of 
Zurich, for plants, which flowered in February and March. 

Descr. Quite glabrous. Rootstock six to ten inches long, 
including the tubercles nearly three-quarters of an inob in 
diameter. Stem one to one and a half feet high, stout, 
oylindric, green. Leaves two to four at the top of the stem, 
opposite, or if alternate near together, or forming a whorl 

of three, pinnatisectj petiole Snort, stoiii; segnn-ilis two 
to three and a half inches long, Bubsessile, linear-lanceolate, 
acuminate, coarsely serrate. L'onjmb many-flowered; 
flowers long pedicelled, drooping. Sepals white or pale 
green, one-third of an inch long, oblong, obtuse, erect. 
Petals three times as long, claw long, limb obovate retuso 
or emarginate. Anthers yellow. Pvd two to two and a half 
inches long, straight, sword-shaped, gradually narrowed 
into a distinct style; valves coriaceous, inelastic, nerveless. 
Seeds oblong, one-eighth of an inch long; cotyledons 
stalked.— J. J). If. 

Fi^. 1, Stamens, bjpogjnooi glands and ovary; 2. OTMJt— "11 §nt*rged. 
(3, rip.- capsule, "/the natural tUUf an<; I, — both from the Her- 




"WnceriLBr-juTts Daj'&.JcnIffip 

IReeve &C°London. 

Tab. 6797. 

A.— TORENIA concolor. 
B.— TORENIA Foedii. 

Natives of China. 

Nat. Ord. ScbophuiabinEjE. — Tribe Ghatiole.e. 
Genus Tokbnia, Linn.; (Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 954.) 

Tobbnia concolor ; glabra v. parce pubescens, ramis elongatis diffusis, foliis petio- 
latis ovatis ovato-cordatisve acutis serratis, pedunculis axillaribus folita 
longioribus, calycibus elongatis sub-bilabiatis angalis anguste alatis, corolla; 
violaceae concoloris tubo exserto lobis amplis, filarnentiB anticis dente auctis, 
ovario tereti. 

T. concolor, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. t. 62. 

T. longiflora, Morren in Ann. de Gand. vol. ii. pp. 411, 471. 

T. rubens, var. grandiflora, Benth. Fl. Hongkong, p. 250. 

T. asiatica, Linn., var. concolor, ILooTc.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 277. 

Tobbnia Fordii; erecta, pubescens, foliis breviter petiolatis late ovato-rotundatis 
v. -cordatis obtusiusculis serratis utrinque pubescentibus, pedunculis sub- 
terminalibus et axillaribus foliis multo brevioribus, calycibus brevibus angulis 
vix alatis, corollas parvae straminese tubo breviter exserto, lobis brevibus 
latioribus quam latis lateralibus plaga violacea notatis, filamentis anticis dente 
auctis, ovario 5-costato. 

The Torenias, which are now becoming favourites in 
cultivation from their beautiful colours and long periods of 
blooming, form one of the most puzzling of genera to the 
botanist who has to discriminate the species, which have 
been, for the most part, described from miserably-bad 
herbarium specimens. 

When studying the genus for the "Flora of British India," 
I gave much time to the attempt to unravel the species and 
fix their nomenclature, with little success, I fear. The 
next best thing to be done is to cultivate them, and have 
them figured under such names as cannot mislead. Happily 
several species have already been well figured in the 
Botanical Magazine, which enable very good comparisons 
to be made. T. concolor I reduced in the " Flora of British 

JANFABT 1ST, 1885. 

India" to T. asiatica, being quite unable to distinguish 
these in a dried state ; and a reference to the figure of that 
striking plant at Plate 4249, together with another of T. 
hirsuta (Plate 5167) (also referred by me to asiatica), shows 
how close the three are in all structural characters, differing 
chiefly in the colour of the corolla. T. asiatica and T. 
hirsuta are natives of India; the former extending from 
the mountains of the Madras Peninsula and Ceylon to the 
Malay Peninsula and Java ; the latter was described from 
plants introduced by Messrs. Low, of Clapton, the exact 
locality of which is not given. T. concolor, again, was sent 
from China to -the Horticultural Society's Gardens in 1844 
by Mr. Fortune, who found it in marshy ground in Hong- 
kong, at about 2000 feet above the sea. 

The Kew plants, which flowered in August, were raised 
from seed sent by Mr. C. Ford, the Superintendent of the 
Hongkong Botanical Gardens, in December, 1881, along 
with Utricularia bifida (Plate 6689). 

T. Fordii is a very different species from T. concolor, but 
no less puzzling. Its nearest ally is, no doubt, T. cordifolia, 
figured at Plate 3715 of this work, and to which name it 
has more title from the shape of the leaf than the plant, 
there represented. T. cordifolia has, however, narrower 
leaves, a much more broadly winged calyx, and a corolla of 
a pale blue colour. T. parviflora is another near ally, and 
is a very widely diffused plant in the tropics of both worlds, 
but it is glabrous, has much narrower leaves, a much larger 
calyx, and blue corolla. 

T. Fordii was discovered by Mr. C. Ford during an 
excursion which he made to the Lo-fau-shan Mountains, 
which are on the coast opposite the Island of Hongkong, 
and from whence he sent seeds in 1883, the plants from 
which flowered in June, 1884. 

Both T. concolor and Fordii are very attractive stove 
plants, flowering for several months continuously. — /. D. H. 

A. — T. concolor. Fig. 1, Stamens ; 2, ovary ; 3, section of ditto:— all enlarged. 
3.—T. Fordii. Fig. 1, Stamens ; 2, ovary ; 3, section of ditto -.—all enlarged, 


Vincent Brooks Day & Scmimp 

Tajj. 6798. 
PANAX Mueeaii. 

Nat. Ord. Ahaliace^e. 
Genus Panax, Linn. ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 938.) 

Panax Murray*; canle simplici stricto erecto apicem versus folioso, foltia erebru 

subveiticillatis 3-4-pedalibus patenti-recm-vi.s pinnatia, raobi puberolo v. 

tomentello tereti, foliolis multi-10-12-jugis appvoximatis petiolulatis 3-<J-polIi- 
caribus oblique e basi inscquali lata lanceolatis acuminatis integrU v. grosse 
obtuse dentatis glaberrimis, umbellulis subglobosis multifloris in racemes sim- 
pliees puberulos dispositis racemis pedalibus subterminalibus strictis raclu 
valida,floribus gracile pedicellatis, calycis margine minuto 6-denticulato, petalis 
dcnum reflexis ovatis acutis valvatis. 

This stately plant was presented to the Royal Gardens 
by Mr. Bull, who imported it from the South Sea Islands 
(though the exact locality appears to be unknown), and 
flowered it in his establishment at Chelsea in May, 1881, 
under the provisional name of Aralia splendidissima. It is, 
however, not an Aralia, but a genuine Panax, having the 
valvate petals of that genus, and it is so similar to specimens 
of P. Murray I, of Baron Mueller, a native of northern New 
South Wales and Queensland, that, having regard to the 
great difference in habit and foliage that exists between 
young and old plants of this genus, I cannot venture to 
describe it as a different species. 

P. Murray I is described as " a splendid tree, with a trunk 
fifty to sixty feet high, and then trichotomously branched ;" 
and there is nothing in the habit or mode of growth of 
the present plant that would not point to this being its 
future condition. The leaflets of dried specimens of 
P. Murrayi are extremely variable ; in some leaves they 
are straight, linear-oblong, three inches long, with cuneate 
base and rounded tip ; in others they are eight inches long, 
lanceolate, acuminate, with a rounded base ; the nervation 
also is very variable. In short, variations such as these 
(and far wider indeed) are normal in the foliage of Araliacecp, 
and leave little room for supposing tb it th.3 plant here 

FrBBXAUY 1st, 1885. 

figured is anything but the young state of Panax Marrayl; 
— provided always that the two are supposed to agree in 
their flowers and fruits. These characters, however, cannot 
be satisfactorily resorted to, for there are only fruits and very 
imperfect male flowers on the Herbarium specimens of 
P. Murrayi, and only male flowers without fruit on Mr. 
Bull's plant ; the calyces alone of the two can bo com- 
pared, and they appear to be identical. 

Descr. Stem in the plant figured now (1885) four feet 
high, stout, erect, as thick as the wrist. Leaves forming 
an elegant umbrella-formed crown to the stem eight feet 
in diameter, numerous, close-set, spreading and recurved, 
three to four feet long, shortly petioled ; rachis as stout as 
a goose-quill, terete, puberulous, slightly thickened at the 
nodes, green speckled with brown ; leaflets ten to twelve 
pair, approximate, petiolulate, three to six inches long, 
oblong-lanceolate from an oblique rounded base, one to three 
inches broad, acuminate, entire or undulate or subcrenate, 
bright green, shining ; nerves very faint, spreading. 
Racemes simple, crowded at the end of the stem, suberect, 
strict, a foot long ; rachis very stout, pubescent ; umbels 
subglobose, one inch in diameter, on peduncles one inch 
long or less ; pedicels one-fourth to one-sixth of an inch. 
Flowers all male, pale greenish brown ; calyx truncate, 
with five minute teeth ; petals one-eighth of an inch long, 
reflexed ; stamens erect, anthers oblong, as long as the 
filaments ; style short, erect, two-grooved, tip emarginate. 

Fig. 1, Bud ; 2 and 3, flowers ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 6, pedicel* calyx, and style : — 
all enlarged. 


Vincent Broote 

Tab. 6799. 
CARYOPTERIS Mastacanthus. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Orel. Veebenacejg. — Tribe Cabyoptebide.e. 
Genius Cabyoptebis, Bungc ; (Bent A. et Jlook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1157.) 

Caeyoptebis Mastacanthus ; fruticulus pubescens, ramulis teretibm erectis v. 
adscendentibus, foliis oppositis petiolatis ovato-oblongis grosse serratis obtusis 
v. acutis, cymis pedunculatis axillaribus densifloris, calycis cainpanulati lobis 
lanceolatis acutis, corolla? lobis 4 breviter ovatis apiculatis, quinto majore 
concavo fimbriate. 

C. Mastacanthus, Schauer in DC. Prodr. vol. xi. p. 625 ; Bocq. Rev. Verb. p. 110, 
t, 19 ; Gard. Chron. vol. xxi. (1881), p. 148, fie. 30 ; Sav. Enum. 
PL Jap. vol. i. p. 257 ; Benth. FL Hongk. p. 868. 

C. incana, Miquel Prolus. FL Jap. p. 29. 

Mastacanthus sinensis, Endl. in Walp. Rep. vol. iv. p. 3 : Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 
184(3, t. 2. 

Baebula sinensis, Lour. FL Coch. p. 444. 

Nepeta incana, Thunb. FL Jap. p. 241. 

N. japonica, Willd. Sp. PL vol. iii. p. 62. 

Though introduced upwards of forty years ago, and so 
well worthy of cultivation, this beautiful plant has been 
unknown in our gardens for many years, having been 
chasseed from the greenhouse in favour of more gaudy 
things. Lindley figured and described it in 1846 as "an 
autumn-flowering herbaceous plant, of some importance, 
because it furnishes an abundance of rich violet blossoms 
at a season when that colour, never abundant, is peculiarly 
rare in gardens." He advises its being kept in a green- 
house, watered abundantly, and syringed over head twice a 
day in summer, but that in consequence of the autumn 
flowering, the syringing should be discontinued as soon as 
the flower-buds are formed, otherwise these will be liable 
to " damp off." In winter very little watering is required, 
nor is fire heat required, except to keep off frost. 

At Kew, during the last two seasons, this Caryopteris 
has flowered freely in the open air, and against a south 

FEBBrABY 1st, 18S5. 

wall profusely. Dr. Masters calls it undoubtedly one of 
the best flowering shrubs, and adds that it is hardy at 
Combe Wood, but that it must not be thence inferred that 
it would be so in less propitious localities. For my own 
part I do not doubt that in any part of England a severe 
winter would kill most plants that grow in so hot a country 
as Canton, and I follow Dr. Lindley iu regarding this as a 
greenhouse plant. 

C. Mastacanthus was introduced by Fortune from China, 
where he found it wild near Canton, Chusan, and Koo- 
lung-soo. We have it also from Hongkong and Foochow ; 
and it is common in Southern Japan in fields, rocky places, 
and on the mountains. The specimen here figured flowered 
against a wall in Kew Gardens in October last. Its second 
introduction is due to Mr. Veitch's collector, Mr. Maries. 

Desce. A shrub one to five feet high ; branches terete 
and leaves beneath pubescent or tomentose. Leaves very 
variable, one to three inches long, petioled, ovate or oblong, 
ovate, or oblong-lanceolate, acute or obtuse, coarsely (rarely 
finely) serrate, pubescent above, base rounded or cuneate; 
petiole slender, one-quarter to three-quarters of an inch 
long. Cymes in all the upper axils, peduncled, subglobose, 
dense-flowered ; peduncle one to one and a half inch long, 
slender ; pedicels very short. Floivcrs about one-sixth of 
an inch long. Calyx minute, green, cleft to the middle 
into lanceolate lobes. Corolla bright blue; tube longer 
than the calyx, cylindric; limb one-third of an inch in 
diameter, lobes spreading, four upper rounded-ovate, obtuse; 
lower lip-like, twice as large, cleflexed, fimbriate. Stamens 
four, thrice as long as the corolla, filaments slender, strict, 
diverging; anthers minute. Ovary globose ; style filiform, 
stigma two-fid. Capsule four-valved, valves each folding 
round a seed and falling away with it. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, the same cut vertically ; 3, stamens ; 4, ovary ; 5, transverse 
section of ditto : — all enlarged. 


M. S.del J ."N Pitch HL 

IfincentBrooteDay & Son Imp 

T T3om,= X. no T „,. A. 

Tab. 6800. 
PHILLYREA Vilmoktniana. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Oleace^;. — Tribe OleinEjE. 
Genus Phillybea, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 077,) 

Pjiilltbea Jllmoriniana ; frutex glaberrimus, foliis breviter petiolatis 5-6-polfi- 
caribus oblongo- v. elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis integerrimis basi cuneatis 
subtus punctulatis marginibus tenuiter recurvia, floribua ad axillas faseiculatis 
pedicellis gracilibus longioribus v. brevioribus, calyce ad medium 4-lobo lobia 
triangularibus acutis, corollas lobis lineari-oblongis obtusis, drupa ellipsoidea 

P. Yilmoriniana, Boiss. et Balansa in Bui. PI. exsicc. 1866 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 

vol. iv. p. 37. 
P. laurifolia, Hart. 

The Philljreas have been favourites in the gardens and 
shrubberies of England for nearly 300 years, since which 
time at least a dozen sportive forms have been cultivated, 
and usually combined under the three names of media, 
latifolia, and angustifolia ; these are, however, connected 
by so many intermediate forms, that in the opinion of many 
botanists all may be regarded as varieties of one species 
that inhabits the whole Mediterranean region from Spain 
to Syria, and also Armenia and Anatolia. Such being the 
character and distribution of the genus as previously known, 
it was no little surprise to botanists when the indefatigable 
collector Bourgeau detected in 1866, in Pontus in Asia, 
a Phillyrea so manifestly different from all the forms 
previously known, that its claims to be regarded as a dis- 
tinct species could not be disputed. Such is the present 
plant, and what is of more interest to the horticulturist 
is, that it is by far the most beautiful shrub of any, with 
very large deep-green leaves, compared by Boissier to 
those of the Portugal Laurel, and that it appears to be 
perfectly hardy. Curiously enough, Dr. Masters, in the 
" Gardener's Chronicle," October, 1883, p. 494, speaking 
of it as " P. VihnoriensiSy syn. laurifolia" says, " At a little 
distance we took it to be a Portugal Laurel." 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1885. 

The exact habitat of this shrub is the mountains of the 
province of Lazistan (in the ancient Pontus), on the south- 
east shore of the Black Sea, above the town of Rhize, and 
in the valley of Khabackar, at an elevation of 3000 feet 
(French). It has been in the open air at Kew for four years 
uninjured, but has not flowered. The subject of our plate 
was received from Mr. Anthony Waterer, and was grown in 
his splendid nurseries at Knap hill, where it flowered in April 
of last year. 

Descr. A large leafy glabrous shrub; branches stout, 
erect, covered with smooth brown bark. Leaves shortly 
petioled, four to five inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, quite entire, very coriaceous, very dark green 
and shining above, paler beneath with minute dots ; midrib 
stout, nerves very finely reticulate ; base cuneate ; petiole 
one-quarter to one-third of an inch, stout. Flowers crowded 
in the leaf-axils, white ; pedicels sometimes nearly an inch 
long, very unequal in length, slender, quite glabrous. Calyx 
small, four-cleft to the middle ; lobes triangular, erect, 
acute. Corolla one-third of an inch in diameter, cleft nearly 
to the base into four oblong-linear spreading and recurved 
obtuse lobes. Stamens two, filaments short ; anthers 
linear-oblong, erect. Ovary oblong-ovoid, narrowed into a 
style as long as itself, stigma small, ovoid, two-lobed. 
Fruit ellipsoid, half an inch long, purplish, stigma deciduous. 
— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx ; 3, portion of base of corolla and stamen ; 4, ovary ; 
5, transverse section of ditto ; 6, fruit :— all but fig. 6 enlarged. 




Tab. G801. 
CLEMATIS tubulosa, var. Hookeri. 

Native of Northern China. 

Nat. Ord. Kanunculace^:. — Tribe Clematide.e. 
Geuus Clematis, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. P/. vol. i. p. 3.) 

Clematis tubulosa; hcrbacea v. basi Iignescens, caulibus sulcatis et angulafi.s 
pubeseentibus strictis erectis, foliis 3-foliolatis, foliolis auiplis oblique ovato- 
rotundatis acutis dentatis rugosis glabriusculis, floribus axillaribus et in 
paniculas dispositis lilacinis, perianthio tubuloso basi parum ampliato, sepalis 
linearibus v. lineari-spatbulatis acutis extus striatis sericeis, antberis linearibus 
obtusis filamento subaequilongis et paullo angustioribus. 

Var. Hookeri, berbacea, ramis incano-sericeis, floribus pollicaribus, sepalis linearibus 
apices versus revolutis. 

C. Hookeri, Dene, in Nouv. Archiv. du Mus., Ser. 2, vol. iv. p. 206, t. 11. 

The Clematises of the tubulosa group are likely to prove 
a trouble to horticulturists anxious to keep a correctly 
named collection of these beautiful plants ; and I fear that 
the efforts of my late friend M. Decaisne to divide them 
(in the work quoted above) into species will not prove to be 
altogether satisfactory. Only one form of the group has 
hitherto been figured in this work, namely, that called 
G. tubulosa, Plate 4269, and this Decaisne separates from 
G. tubulosa, as G. Hookeri ; fortunately he gives an admirable 
plate of G. Hoolceri, which precisely accords with the figure 
here given ; whereas the G. tubulosa of Plate 4269 as exactly 
(except in the obtuse anthers) accords with his G. Davidiana 
(p. 205, tab. 10), also excellently well figured by him, and 
differing from Hookeri in the much shorter pedicels, more 
crowded axillary erect flowers, and more spathulate sepals 
which are revolute from the middle, and the very acuminate 
anthers (not shown in the Botanical Magazine figure of 
tubulosa). Whether Davidiana is separable specifically 
from tubulosa is another question. M. Maximovicz, whose 
knowledge and acuteness as a systematist are of the highest 
order, regards all Decaisne's eight species as forms of one 
polymorphous plant (" Melange Biologique," in Bull. Acad. 

FEBBUAET 1ST, 1885. 

St. Petersb. vol. ix. (1876), p. 589); and judging from 
the published figures, I should think he is right. If there 
is a second species, it is probably G. Davidiana, as to 
which being different the reader may judge by comparing 
the present plate with 4269, and I may add that the habit 
of the two in the garden is not the same. Then again with 
regard to var. Hookeri, the figure of it given by Decaisne 
precisely accords with that given as the typical tubulosa ; — ■ 
if the names were transposed, no one could tell the differ- 
ence. In the text they are separated by the stems being 
herbaceous and annual in the latter, and woody at the base 
in the former ; to which he adds that Hooheri is the most 
precocious of the group, flowering (in Paris, I presume) at 
the end of February (at Kew in September !). Lastly, there 
is a G. azurea, Lindl., stated to be from the Crimea (the 
Tauride), of which Decaisne says that it probably is 
G. Hooheriana (tubulosa, Botanical Magazine), adding that 
the Tauride is given in the Botanical Magazine as the 
native country of its tubulosa. This is a curious oversight, 
for in that work North China is given as the habitat, and 
there is no allusion to the Crimea. 

There is another branch of this group of the tubulose 
Clematises which inhabits China and Japan, and of which 
G. starts, Sieb. and Zucc, is the type; these have smaller 
more crowded flowers of an opaline colour rather than 
lilac, and usually more acuminate sepals. G. staiis has 
flowered at Kew, and will shortly be figured ; by which 
time I hope that the genus will have been revised by 
Messrs. Forbes and Hemsley for a census of the plants of 
China which is in preparation at Kew. 

The specimen here figured is from an authentically named 
plant of G. Hooker i sent to Kew by my late friend M. 
Lavallee; it flowered in the open air in the end of 
September. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of flower; 2, stamens ; — both enlarged. 


GS 02. 

-"■" r.-r- 


K S del. JN.Frtdiiiih. 

VmceittBroolcs Day &Son. Imp 

Tab. 6S02. 

CIRRHOPETALUM pictueatuu. 

Native of Moulmein, 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Tribe Epidendke^e. 
Genus CtEEHOPETAiUM, Lindl. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p 504.) 

Cikkhopetaeum picturatum ; pseudobulbis late ovoideis angulatis, folio breviter 
petiolato lineari-oblonjjo basi angustato apice rotundato emarginato Brume 
coriaceo luride viridi lateribus convexis, scapo valido purpureo-rnaculato vaginis 
paucis acutis pallidis, braeteis lancs'olatis pedicellis longioribus, Horibus 2-polli- 
caribus, sepalo dorsali parvo galeato sanguineo raaculato apice filo flexuoso 
instructo, lateralibus in larainam lineari-elongatam convexam acuminatani 
pallide r'usco-viresc-entemcontiiventibus, petalis parvis ovato-rotundatisaristato- 
acuminatis intus sanguineis, labello recurvo linguseformi convexo obtuso 

C. picturatum, Q. Loddiges in Bot. Register, vol. xxvi. (1840), Misnell. p. 49, 
n. 106 ; Lindl. I. c. 1843, sub t. 49. 

Bulbophyllusi picturatum, Rchb.f. in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 262. 

It is with, some hesitation that I refer the subject of this 
plate to Loddiges' G. picturatum, because of its much 
larger size and the absence of the cilia on the upper sepal, 
the acuminate lateral sepals, and the petals being neither 
ciliate nor villous ; it is, however, so similar to a Moulmein 
plant collected by Parish, which Reichenbach has named 
picturatum, that I am disposed to regard it as a large state 
of the species. The Moulmein plant is smaller, but it has 
the acuminate lateral sepals of this, the sepals, petals and 
lip are of precisely the same form, and it shows very slight 
ciliation on the sepals and petals. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Messrs. Low & Sons, 
of Upper Clapton, for this well-marked species, which was 
received from their collector, Mr. Richard Curnow, then in 
Burma. The original plant was cultivated forty-five years 
ago by the Messrs. Loddiges, who probably received it 
from the Calcutta Botanical Gardens. 

Desor. Pseudobulbs tufted, two to two and a half inches 
long by one to one and a half inches broad, turgidly ovoid, 
with three or four rather acute raised angles, very dark 

februaby 1st. 1885, 

green, quite smooth. Leaf solitary, three to six inches 
long by one to one and a half broad, linear-oblong, con- 
tracted into a short stout channelled petiole, tip rounded 
and emarginate, substance very thick, dark green, deeply 
grooved down the middle, each side convex with recurved 
margins. Scape eight to ten inches long, ascending, then 
erect, as stout as a crow-quill, green speckled with purple ; 
sheaths about three, distant, an inch long, tip free, erect, 
acute, pale yellow-brown speckled with red. Umbel five 
inches in diameter, about ten-flowered ; bracts half an inch 
long, lanceolate, coloured like the sheaths, twice as long as 
the pedicels. Flowers two inches long and upwards, lurid. 
Upper sepal one-third of an inch long, erect, hooded, obtuse 
with a terminal purple obscurely knobbed thread as long 
as itself, dull green spotted with blood red ; lateral sepals 
conniving into a long linear straight convex acuminate 
blade, pale dirty green, each gibbous at the back above the 
base. Petals very small, rounded ovate, tip awned, coloured 
like the dorsal sepal. Lip included, tongue-shaped, obtuse, 
recurved, blood-red. Column very short, stout, without 
auricles. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, column and lip ; 3, anther ; 4, pollen : — all enlarged. 



Viiu e.n1 liruokx Day &.Son tor 

Tar. 6803. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Ampelii>e.e. 
Genus Yitis, Linn. ; (Benf/i. et Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 387.) 

Vitis pterophora ; alte scandens, sparse pilosa, ramis crnssis carnosis tetragon is 
et tetrapteris alis undulatis, foliis longe petiolatis 3-foliolatis, foliolis ampiifl 
sessilibus rugoso-undulatis trapezoideo- v. rhombeo-obovatis acuminatis aon-atis 
nervis reticulatis impressis, terrainali sub 3-lobolobis later ilibus brevibus uatit 
v. obtusis, lateralibus oblique v. dimidiato ovatis margine inferiors in lobum 
producto, stipulis amplis late ovatis v. rotundatis ciliatis fusi-o-purpureis, 
petiolo angusto tetrapteo, cymse pedunoulata3 ramulis crassis divaricatis, pedi- 
cellis calycibusque glandulosis, calycis depresso-globosi crassi basi intrusi ore 
integerrimo, petalis 4 minutis obtusis demum solutis, disco annulari, tilamentis 
brevibus, stylo columnari, bacca immatura obovoidea. 

V. pteropbora, Baker in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. xiv. pars 2, p. 213. 

V. Gongylodes, Lynch in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 306, t. 15, non Baker ; 
Masters in Gard. Chron. vol. xix. part 1, p. 52, fig. 8. 

The enormous genus Vitis, which includes upwards of 
230 known species, contains many plants of great horti- 
cultural interest, notably the Grape Vine, the beautiful V. 
(Cissus) discolor (Plate 4763), the Five-fingered Ivy, and 
V.. (Ampelopsis) tricuspidata, the singular gouty-stemmed 
vine, V. macropus (Plate 5479), and its ally, V. Bainesii 
(Plate 5472). Interesting as these are, they do not surpass 
the subject of the present plate, which has for several 
years past attracted the attention of visitors to the Victoria 
House at Kew, from its great size, handsome appearance, 
and singular habits. The roots occupy a border, and the 
stout stem climbs up to the roof of the house, where its 
long green and red leafy branches are trained from girder 
to girder, and from whence they send down the remarkable 
whipcord-like red roots, of which some reach the water of 
the Victoria tank, and there form enormous brushes of 
rootlets like the tail of a horse; whilst the dependent 
branches are the subject of a singular growth, which and 
the functions of the tendrils have been described by Mr. 

MABCH 1st, 1885. 

Lynch, late foreman of the house, in a paper communicated 
to the Linnean Society of London, and quoted above.. Each 
branch bears at its extremity, after ceasing to grow for the 
season, an elongated tuber, formed by the lengthening and 
swelling of one or more of the subterminal internodes. 
These tubers are sometimes five or even six inches long, and 
as thick as the thumb ; they are cylindric or club-shaped, 
and shortly winged; green, fleshy, and rounded at the end, 
from which protrudes the deciduous often leaf-bearing tip 
of the branch. When the tuber is formed of two or more 
internodes, there is always a constriction at the nodes. 
Finally these tubers drop off, and on reaching the ground 
will form new plants under favourable circumstances. No 
exact counterpart to this structure has been observed in 
the vegetable kingdom. The tendrils are no less curious. 
These are very slender, and repeatedly forked. At the tip 
of each branch a small adhesive disk is formed, as in the 
five-fingered ivy and some other climbing plants ; though 
in these they are not generally developed until the tendril 
has reached a point of support. On reaching a support 
the disks adhere to it and enlarge greatly, and in the case 
of the support admitting of it, the tendril clasps it closely, 
and secretes from its surface a viscid tissue that glues it to 
the support. Thus the tendrils exhibit three modes of 
attachment, by clasping, by the disks, and by the adhesive 

Vitis pterojihora is a native of Brazil, where it was dis- 
covered early in the century by the traveller and botanist 
Burchell growing on the banks of the Tocantins Eiver, an 
affluent of the Amazons. Dried specimens have also been 
sent from the Province of Rio de Janeiro by M. Glaziou, 
and from the Botanical Gardens of Jamaica. It flowers 
at Kew in the autumn months. Fruit formed in the 
Cambridge Botanical Gardens very sparingly, and did not 
ripen. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, the same with the petals removed; 3, petals before they 
separate ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 6, vertical section of ovary ; 7, unripe berry ; 8 and 9, 
unripe seeds : — all hut Jigs. 7 and 8 enlarged. 



• joksDayiionJii 

IP.beve JtC9 - 

Tab. 6804 
DIOSCOREA obinita. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Old. Dioscoeeace^:. 
Genus Dioscokea, Linn.; { Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ail. p. 712.) 

Dioscoeea crinita; tota molliter pubescens v. puberula, ramulis gracillimis 
teretiusculis, foliis longe petiolatis 5-foliolatis, foliolis petiolulatis elliptico- 
lanceolatis oblongis v. oblanceolatis obtusis v. acutis apice longe cuspidatis 
integerrimis v. margine sinuatis, racemis axillaribus solitariis v. fasoieulatis v. 
ad apices ramulorum subpanicuUtis breviter pedunculatis gvacilibus niveis 
villosis braeteis imbricatis stipitatis ovatis concavis apicibus acuminitis 
elongatis recurvia, 11. $ sepalis ovatis subacutis 3 exterioribus villosis 3 
interioribus glabris, filatnentis brevibus, antheris sepalis exterioribus oppositis 
didymis connectivo dorso cavunculato cum staminodiis trulliformibus sepalis 
interioribus oppositis alternantibus, pistilli rudimento subclavato, fl. ? ovario 
ellipsoideo tomentoso, sepalis 6 minutis obtusis, staminodiis minimis, stigmatibus 
3 brevibus recurvis. 

As trained on a balloon trellis, this forms one of the 
most elegant conceivable pot-plants, from its delicate pale- 
green translucent foliage and copious snow-white pendulous 
racemes. It is a native of Natal, where it was first collected 
by the late W. T. Gerrard, and is the No. 445 of his 
distributed collection. It has also been received from Mr. 
J. M. Wood, now Superintendent of the Natal Botanical 
Gardens, who collected it in the bush at Umhloti, flowering 
in February, 1882. It has two closely allied South African 
neighbours, J), retusa, Masters (in Gard. Chron. 1870, 
p. 1149, fig. 217), from the country west of Natal, which 
has broader refuse leaves, and much smaller male bracts 
and flowers, and D. Forbesii, Baker, of Delagoa Bay, which 
has similar bracts, but sessile leaflets. 

For the plant here figured the Royal Gardens are 
indebted to Mrs. Eliza Steane, of New House Park, Rick- 
mans worth, Herts, who sent it in full flower and great 
beauty, September, 1884. The female flowers here figured 
are from the Herbarium specimens ; the fruit is unknown. 

Mabch 1st, 1885. 

Descr. A slender graceful climber, clothed everywhere 
with soft white pubescence ; branches very slender. 
Leaves long-petioled ; leaflets five, two to three inches 
long, petiolulate, elliptic-lanceolate or oblanceolate, obtuse, 
acute or acuminate, with a long setaceous mucro, very 
membranous and delicate, pale green, pubescent on both 
surfaces, outer margin of outer pair sometimes lobed ; 
petiole very slender, one to two inches long ; petiolules a 
quarter to half an inch. Racemes very numerous, solitary 
or several in the leaf-axils, and forming a panicle at the 
end of the branches, shortly peduncled, very slender, two 
to three and a half inches long, pendulous, snow-white, 
tomentose ; bracts imbricate, one-third of an inch long, of 
the male stipitate, of the female sessile, ovate, concave, 
with a subulate recurved tip. Male fl. half the length of 
the bract. Sejwls six, ovate, subacute, three outer tomen- 
tose, three inner glabrous. Stamens, three perfect opposite 
the outer sepals, with short filaments and didymous 
anthers, alternating with three larger trowel-shaped stami- 
nodes ; connective of perfect anthers broad behind and 
carunculate. Pistil rudimentary, columnar, but enlarged in 
the upper half, tip three-fid. Female el. Ovary ellipsoid, 
tomentose. Sepals very minute, obtuse. Staminodes most 
minute. Stigmas three, short, recurved. — J. D. H. 

Pig- h Portion of $ raceme; 2, $ flower; 3, outer sepal and stamen; 4, back 
of anther, showing the carunculate connective; 5, inner sepal and staminode; 6, 
rudimentary pistil ; 7, portion of $ raceme ; 8, bract and $ flower ; 9, outer 
sepal and staminode ; 10, top of ovary and stigmas; 11, inner sepal and stami- 
Dodes : — all but fig. 7 enlarged. 

J/Reeve k C° London. 

Tab. 6S05. 
SOLIDAGO Drummondii. 

Native of Eastern North America. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Asteroideje. 
Genus Solidaoo, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 250.) 

Solidago (Virgaurea) Drummondii ; puberula, caule 3-5-pedali ramoso folioso, 
foliis breviter petiolatis ellipticis utrinque acutis argute serratis 3-nerviis 
utrinque puberulis superioribus sensim minoribus ovatis integerrimis v. 
denticulatis summis intevfloralibus parvis oblongis obtusis integerrimis, inflon s- 
centire ramis racemilbrinibus v. paniculatis, capitulis secundis, involmri 
glabriusculi squamis erectis Hneari-oblongis obtusis, fl. radii -1-5 parvis disci 
5-6, acbenio puberulo, pappo brevi. 

S. Drummondii, Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 217 ; Gray, Synopt. Fl. N. 
Am. vol. i. part ii. p. 159. 

S. ulmifolia, Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. vol. i. p. 97 {not of Nuttal). 

It is a singular fact, that large as the genus Solidago is, 
numbering between seventy and eighty species, all adapted 
for garden outdoor culture, and most useful as being 
amongst the latest flowering of autumnal plants, but one 
(8 lanceolata, Tab. 2546) has been figured amongst the 
6800 plates hitherto published in the Botanical Magazine. 
This is no doubt due to the undeserved neglect which plants 
too nearly resembling our native ones often experience in 
gardens. The Solidagos, for instance, all bear a general 
resemblance to our common Golden Rod, S. Virga-aurea, 
which is considered too common for horticultural purposes, 
though very beautiful in itself, and especially worthy of a 
place in suburban gardens, where colours at a later season 
are so greatly needed. Our grandfathers were wiser in 
their generation, for no less than thirty species are enume- 
rated in the "Hortus Kewensis" as cultivated in England, of 
which about half, together with more than as many more, 
are now growing in the herbaceous grounds at Kew (where 
there are in all thirty-four species, with several varieties). 

8. Drummondii is a native of the warmer States of 

MAECH 1st, 1885. 

North America, from South-West Illinois and Missouri to 
Louisiana. The Kew plant was communicated by Professor 
Sargent from the Harvard University (U.S.) Botanical 
Garden in 1878. It is perfectly hardy at Kew, and grows 
much taller than any native specimens that I have seen, 
but the heads are more scattered. It flowers throughout 

Desce. A tall, branching, erect, herbaceous perennial, 
attaining five feet in cultivation, with stems as thick as a 
swan's quill, puberulous, terete, striate, leafy all the way 
up, and terminating in a profusion of panicled racemes of 
secund small heads. Leaves three to four inches long, 
shortly petioled, elliptic, acute at both ends, sharply serrate, 
three-nerved from a considerable way above the base, 
puberulous on both surfaces, bright green ; upper gradually 
smaller, more ovate, entire or serrulate, uppermost (amongst 
the heads) small, one-third to one-half of an inch long, 
variable, elliptic oblong or ovate, obtuse or acute, quite 
entire. Heads one-third of an inch long, few-flowered ; 
involucre cylindric, of erect linear-oblong nearly glabrous 
green bracts. Bay -flowers five or six, deeply three-toothed ; 
disk-flowers rather more numerous. Achenes puberulous; 
pappus scanty. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ray-flower ; 2, disk-flower ; 3, hairs of pappus ; 4, style-arms of ray- 
flower; 5, stamens of disk-flower ; 6, stigma of ditto : — all enlarged. 

* * ■ . *» * 

€806 . 


■VE noBB tBrooteDay&. , 5^ Bn P 

L Reeve &. C ° London. 

Tab. 6806. 

Native of Alabama. 

Nat. Old. Rosacea. — Tribe Spie^:ace.e. 
Genus Neviusa, A. Gray ,■ (Bent/i. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 613.) 

Neviusa alabamica ; frutex ramulis gracilibus puberulis, foliis alternis breviter 
petiolatis ovatis v. oblongo-ovatis acuminatis basi rotundatis serratis v. dupli- 
cato-serrulatis membranaceis utrinque puberulis, etipulis parvis liberis, floribus 
subpaniculatim corymbosis, pedunculis pedicellisque gracilliinis, sepalis foliaceis 
inciso-serratis, petalis 0, staminibus multiseriatis sepalis lonijioribus capil- 
laribus niveis, antberis parvis, carpellis 2-4 parvis sericeis stylis capillaribus, 
stiginatibus obtusis. 

N. alab.imensis, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. Nat. Sc. vol. iv. p. 99; Mem. 
Acad. N.S. vol. vi. p. 374, t. 30; Chapm. Fl. S. IT. States, p. 121 ; Baill. 
Hist. PI. vol. i. p. 393 ; Maximov. Adnot. de Spirceac. p. 139. 

Neviusa is one of the rarest plants of the United States, 
being, in so far as hitherto known, confined to the State of 
Alabama, and there to some shaded cliffs near Tuscaloosa, 
where it was discovered by the Rev. R. D. Nevius, after 
whom Gray named the genus. The affinities of the genus 
have been variously considered. A Gray, its founder, 
referred it to the neighbourhood of Kerria in the tribe 
liubcce, from which tribe, as defined by me in the " Genera 
Plantarum," both these genera differ in their solitary ovules, 
and I placed both in the tribe Sjjirceacece of Rosacea'. 
Maximovicz, in his able and elaborate revision of the 
Spirmaceai, rejects both from this latter group, and agrees 
with Gray in referring them to Rubeai. 

Neviusa flowered at Kew in May, 1883 ; the plant was 
nailed against a wall exposed to the East, and presented a 
very beautiful appearance from the abundance of its snow- 
white feathery blossoms. Considering the climate and 
position of its native country, I should doubt its being 
hardy. It has been received at Kew from several con- 
tributors, notably a living plant from Professor Sargent, 

MARrn 1st, 18^5. 

of Cambridge, U.S., in 1879, and another from F. Miles, 
Esq., in 1881, the flowers from whose plant are here 

Descr. A slender shrub, with cylindric branches and 
very slender puberulous leafy branchlets. Leaves alternate, 
petioled, one and a half to three and a half inches long, 
membranous, pale green, ovate or oblong-ovate, acute 
or acuminate, usually doubly serrulate, puberulous with 
scattered hairs on both surfaces ; nerves very slender ; 
petiole slender, a quarter to half an inch long; stipules 
'setaceous, free. Flowers one inch in diameter across 
the spreading stamens, in terminal sessile subpaniculate 
corymbs, peduncles and pedicels very slender. Calyx-tube 
very small ; lobes five, half an inch long, oblong or obovate- 
oblong, deeply toothed, acute or obtuse, green, spreading, 
nerved, puberulous. Corolla none. Stamens \evy nume- 
rous, in many series, seated on a narrow disk ; filaments 
straight, capillary, white ; anthers very small, yellow. 
Carpels two to four, minute, globose, pubescent ; style 
lateral, filiform, stigma obtuse. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side branch with larger leaf; 2, flower with stamens removed; 3, top of 
filament and anther ; 4, carpel ; 5, vertical section of ditto : — all but Jiff. I enlarged. 



rnicenfcBrodks Day&SffliSap 

I Reeve &_ C° London. 

Tab. 6807. 

CITRUS medica, var. Riversii. 

The Bijou Lime. 

Nat. Ord. Kutace.e.— Tribe Aubantie.t:. 
Genus Citeus, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 305.) 

Citrus medica, Linn., vide Tab. 6745. 

Var. Riversii ; frutex inermis v. pauci-spinosa glaberrima, ramulis gracilibns tere- 
tibus, foliis 2-3-poIlicaribus breviter petiolatis ellipticis acutis serrulatis v. 
obscure crenatis, basi acutis, nervis utrinque 7-10 gracilibus parallelis, petiolo 
brevi aptero, floribus pro genere parvulis subiinis albis 5-meris, fruetu parvo 
1 poll, diametro globoso v. subgloboso mamillato, cortice tenui aureo v. aurantiaco 
glandulis non aut vix depressis, pulpa pallida acidissiina et subamara. 

River's Bijou Lemon, Masters in Oard. Chron. N.S. vol. v. p. 090, f. 123. 

Under a very full description of tbe West Indian Lime, 
which I gave in this Magazine last year (Tab. 6745), I 
alluded to the fruit of the " Bijou Lemon," figured without 
a history in the " Gardener's Chronicle," as belonging to 
the same variety. Specimens of this, with leaf, flower, and 
fruit, subsequently communicated to me by its possessors, 
Messrs. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, prove that it is a 
totally different variety, and that it adds another to the 
great host of forms of the Citrus medica, though still 
referable to what I regard as the Limes in contradistinction 
to the Lemons. From the West Indian the Bijou Lime 
differs in the few spines (our specimen is spineless), the 
elliptic smoother leaves with very numerous parallel regu- 
larly placed nerves (too strongly defined by far in our 
Plate), the wingless petioles, and in the smaller more 
globose higher coloured fruit, which has a distinctly bitter 
flavour superadded to the acid ; the peel, too, is not so 
fragrant. I have in vain searched through the fine work 
of Risso and Poiteau for this Lime, but find nothing that 
agrees with it in fruit and leaf. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Messrs. Rivers of 
Sawbridgeworth for a most interesting and instructive 

mabch 1st, 1885. 

selection of the numerous varieties of Orange, Lime, and 
Lemon which they have long cultivated with such great 
success, and to them I owe the flowering specimen and 
fruit of the Bijou Lime here represented. Mr. T. F. Rivers, 
to whom I applied to be informed of its origin, tells me 
that it was received from St. Michael's (Azores) many 
years ago, with other sorts of Oranges and Lemons, but 
with no special history attached to it. I may here add in 
respect of this interesting class of plants that Mr. Rivers 
finds that the bitter Orange will not hybridize with the 
sweet, nor the Limes and Lemons with the Orange ; and 
that the produce of the attempts to cross the Tangerine 
with the St. Michael's has shown no sign of variation in 
the foliage, though now eight or ten years old. No fruit, 
however, has in this case yet been borne, for seedling 
oranges require about twenty years to develope into fruit- 
fulness. On the other hand, Darwin (Cross and Self- 
Fertilization of Plants, p. 394) says that he has collected 
evidence on the natural crossing of varieties of the orange, 
and cites the authority of Gallesio for the fact. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, flower with corolla removed ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, 
portion of cortex of fruit ; 6, young seed : — all enlarged. 


VfctcenbBroole Day & Sun imp 

Tab. 6808. 
DRACONTIUM fcecundum. 

Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. Aeoide^:. — Tribe Oeontie^e. 
Geuus Dbacontium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 995.) 

Dbacontium (Eudracontium) fcecundum; tuber tuberculis perplurimis confcrtis 
epigasis fusiformibus cinctum, folii hysteranthii lamina tripartita, segmentis 
interrupting pinnatis v. pinnatifidis, pinnis poljmorpbis aliis minutis obtusis alii.s 
majoribus lanceolatisovato-lanceolatisve sessilibus v. basi decurrentibus iimequi- 
lateris undulatis lobatisve v. immo pinnatifidis, petiolo griseo albo-marmorat<>. 
pedunculo scaberulo griseo-purpureo, spatha 5-pollicari lineari-oblonga co.stata 
brunnea intus saturate purpurea, vertice incurvo acurainato, spadice spatha 
ter breviore cylindracea obtusa, periantbii foliolis 6 spathulatis, starninibus 6, 
stylo elongato stigmate simplici. 

This noble Aroid is evidently a congener of Dracontium 
(Godwinia) Gigas (Tab. 6048) and of D. Garden (Tab. 
G523), from both of which it differs in floral characters and 
in the profusion of bulbils produced on the tuber. These 
completely surround the parent organ, and rising from 
its whole circumference form a broad dense girdle of brown 
egg-like bodies with dark acute tips. 

D. fcecundum was discovered by W. E. E. Thurn, Esq. 
(now Stipendiary Magistrate at Pomeroon in British 
Guiana, and formerly Curator of the Museum at George 
Town) during an expedition to the Corentyn River in 
1880, and who sent tubers to Kew, where they flowered 
in March, 1882, and produced leaves in the following 
January. The leaf of this species, like its congeners, 
has a grand appearance, the petiole attaining six feet in 
height, with an umbrella-like blade quite four feet in 

Descr. Tubers surrounded by a profusion of spindle- 
shaped acute bulbils which rise above the ground and form 
a dense girdle round the base of the peduncle and petiole. 
Leaf solitary, produced after the flower ; peduncle six feet 
high, sparsely minutely tubercled, terete above, below 

APRIL 1st, 1885. 

semiterete, the flat surface having three obtuse ridges, 
dirty white mottled with grey; lamina four to five feet in 
diameter, horizontal with drooping leaflets, three-partite, 
each segment narrowly winged and bearing several pairs of 
very irregularly formed leaflets, some very small and 
obtuse ; larger leaflets two to five inches long, finely 
acuminate, free or confluent at their base, lanceolate or 
ovate-lanceolate, unequal-sided, margins undulate or lobed 
or the larger pinnatifid. Peduncle with purple obtuse basal 
sheaths, erect, two to three feet high, as thick as the little 
finger, terete, minutely tubercled, pale purplish brown. 
Sjjathe five inches high, erect, narrowly cylindric-oblong, 
with a decurved acuminate tip, dull brown, faintly ribbed, 
open to the base, inner surface dark vinous purple. Spadis 
one-third the length of the spathe, subsessile, erect, 
cylindric, obtuse, blueish brown, dense-flowered. Perianth- 
segments six, spathulate with concave incurved tips. 
Stamens six, anthers exserted, oblong. Ovary subglobose, 
with a stout far-exserted style and minute papillose stigma ; 
ovules attached above the base of the cells. — J. D. PL. 

Fig. 1, Tuber and bulbils {half natural size); 2, petiole and segment of leaf 
{one-third of the natural size); 3, portion of petiole (of the natural size); 4, 
inflorescence; 5, spadix (of the natural size) ; 6, two flowers seen from above; 7, 
flower; 8, the same with the anthers protruded ; 9 and 10, back and front views of 
perianth-segments; 11 and 12, front and back views of anthers; 13, ovary; 14, 
vertical section of ditto: — all enlarged. 


:.l S de 


T."Rppvp. & n°T.n-nflf 

Tab. 6809. 
ANTHERICUM eohsandioidbs. 

Native probably of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.8:.— Tribe Asphodele.e. 
Genus Anthebicum, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 788.) 

Anthericum {Hesperanthes) erlieandioides ; fibris radicalibus cylindrieis carnosis, 
foliis basalibus productis 5-0 laneeolatis sessilibus meinbranaceis subpedalibus 
glabris margine nndulatis, pedunculo foliis longiore bracteis 2-3 laneeolatis 
membranaceis erect is anrplexicaulibus prredito, racemo laxissimo simplici, 
floribus geminis, pedicellis cernuis medio articnlatis, bracteis ovato-lanceohtis, 
perianthio luteo segmentis dorso venis 3 sejugatis viridulis percurso, exterioribus 
oblanceolato-oblongis, interioribus obovato-oblongis, staminibus perianthio 
paulo brevioribus, filamentia hispidis, antberis laneeolatis, ovario oblongo, stylo 
ovario longiore, stigmate capitato. 

Eebeandia eleutberandra, K. Koch in Sort. Berol. inedit. 

The present plant was flowered for the first time at Kew 
in November, 1883. It was received not long before from 
Mr. R. J. Lynch, of the Cambridge Botanic Garden, and is 
probably a native of Mexico. We have no wild specimens in 
the Herbarium that correspond to it, but within a few days of 
the time when it flowered at Kew it was brought from the 
Berlin Garden for determination by Herr Vatke, with the 
information that it was grown there under the unpublished 
name of Echeandia eleutherandra, K. Koch. The principal 
character in which Echeandia differs from Anthericum is in 
its syngenesious stamens, so that it properly should be 
classified under the latter genus, but otherwise, in habit, 
leaf, and the size and colour of the flower, it closely resem- 
bles Echeandia terniflora, which has been cultivated in 
European gardens from the beginning of the present 
century, and is figured in Redonte's Liliacese (Tab. 313). 

Descb. Boot-fibres densely tufted, cylindrical. Produced 
leaves five or six, confined to the base of the stem, lanceolate, 
about a foot long, bright green, glabrous, membranous, an 
inch or an inch and a quarter broad at the middle, narrowed 
gradually to an acute point, deeply channelled and clasping 

apeil 1st, 1885. 

the stem towards the base, undulated towards the margin, 
especially in the lower half. Peduncle simple, terete, above 
a foot long, furnished only with two or three small clasping 
lanceolate membranous bract-leaves below the inflorescence. 
Raceme simple, very lax, under a foot long ; flowers bright 
yellow, arranged in pairs ; pedicels cernuous, a quarter or 
half an inch long, articulated below the middle; bracts 
ovate-lanceolate, membranous, longer than the pedicels. 
Perianth three-quarters of an inch long ; segments with a 
keel of three greenish ribs ; outer segments oblanceolate- 
oblong, inner obovate- oblong, a third of an inch broad. 
Stamens shorter than the perianth-segments ; filaments 
filiform, hispid ; anthers linear-oblong, versatile, shorter 
than the filaments. Ovary sessile, elliptical ; style straight, 
longer than the ovary ; stigma capitate. Fruit a loculicidal 
capsule. — J. G. Baher. 

Fig. 1, A stamen, front view; 2, a stamen, back view; 3, pistil, complete; 4, 
horizontal section of the ovary : — all more or less enlarged. 


\ 7 


- JJTFitdiMlx 

1 "Reeve S>. C°Ior.don. 

Tab. 6310. 
CLEMATIS stans. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculace.e. — Tribe Clematide.e. 
Genus Clematis, Linn. ; {He nth. et Uuok.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 3.) 

Clematis stans; berbacea, molliter pubescens, caulibus sulcatis et angulatis strictia 
erectis, foliis 3-foliolatis, foliolis amplis oblique ovato-rotundatis acutis grosse 
dentatis v. sublobatis rugosis superioribus angustioribus, floribus subverti- 
cillatim confertis pendulis opalinis, verticillis in panieulutn contractam termi- 
nalem dispositis, sepalis linearibus aciuninatis extus sericeo-velutinis apicibus 
recurvis, antheris linearibus filamento subsequilongis. 

C. stans, Sieb. and Zucc. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. i. 69; Franchet and Savat, En. 
PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 2 ; Hegel, Gartenfl. t. 357. 

C. Kousabotan, Dene, in Nouv. Archiv. du Mus. Ser. ii. vol. iv. p. 208, t. 13. 

Under G. tubidosa, var. Hookeri (Tab. 6801), I announced 
the forthcoming of a plate of G. dans, expressing at the 
same time my hope that the history of the group of 
Travellers'-joys to which it belongs, might, before its publi- 
cation, be cleared up by Messrs. Forbes and Hemsley in 
their forthcoming census of the plants of China. These 
botanists now inform me that they follow Maximo vicz in 
considering all the so-called species of this group (G. 
tubidosa, Turcz (Tab. 4269), Davidiana, Dene., Hookeri, 
Dene. (Tab. 6801), G. stans, S. and Z., G. Kousabotan, 
Dene., G. Lavallei, Dene., and G. Savatieri, Dene.) as 
varieties of one, and that one the old G. heraclecefolia, DC. 
(Syst. PI. i. 158 ; Prodr. i. 3), a native of China, and of 
which, therefore, many forms are now known to occur in 
Japan. Whilst quite ready to subscribe to this opinion of 
regarding G. heraclewfolia as an aggregate species, I may 
point out that it seems to me to present five principal types, 
three of which are characteristically figured in this work, 
namely, 1. The Chinese G. tubidosa, Turcz {Davidiana, 
Dene.) ; erect, with axillary broad deep blue flowers, the 
sepals of which are revolute from far below the middle, 

APHIL 1st, 1885. 

exposing the anthers. 2. The G. tubulosa, var. Hoolceri 
(G. tubulosa, and G. Hooheri, Dene.) ; erect, with long blue 
chiefly axillary flowers and perianth-lobes revolute from far 
above the middle. 3. G. starts, S. and Z. (G. stans, and 
Kousabotan, Dene.); erect, with terminal racemes of much 
smaller paler blue flowers in whorl-like fascicles — this 
closely resembles a drawing of the original specimen of 
G. heraclearfolia in the British Museum, made by Mr. 
Forbes and shown me by Mr. Hemsley. 4. G. Lavallei, 
Dene. ; erect, with flowers in loose spreading terminal 
almost leafless panicles, hardly at all whorled. 5. G. 
Savatieri, Dene. ; climbing, with much stouter stems, 
peduncles and pedicels, and panicled flowers not in whorls, 
lleferring to the Herbarium, I think that these types are 
recognizable, but united by varieties that render it impos- 
sible to regard them as distinct species. 

Our figure of G. stans is taken from a plant so named by 
M. Decaisne, and sent to Kew by the late lamented Mr. 
Lavallee ; it flowered in the end of September in the open 
border. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, stamens; 3, pistil; 4, single carpel:— 
all enlarged. 



TfausntBronlo Day&. Son'Btip 

."Reeve & C° London. 

Tar. 6811. 

Native of Jamaica. 

Nat. Ord. Graminejj. — Tribe Bambuse^:. 
Genus Chusquea, Kunth ; {Bentli. et IlooJc.f. Gea. PL vol. iii. p. 1200.) 

Chusquea abictifolia ; culmis gracilibus alto scandontibus ramosis. ramulis Poliosis 
subverticillatim iasciculatis, t'oliis parvis disticbis rigidta lineari-lamvolatis 
acuminatis gabtitftet Berrulatis, vaginis ciliatis, ligula nulla, racemis brevibua 
paucifloris rabsimplicitraa nutantibns. radii rraeillima scaberula, spiculis 
lanceolate, glumis 2 inlerioribus parvis ovatis OUSptdatis, glaOM lloivnte 
obloogo-lanceolata aristata 7-nervi, palea glumas flurenti BBqoilonga lineuri- 
oblonga (J-nervi apioe 4-casptdata, lodicalia 3. 

C. abietifolia, Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Lid., p. 52!>. 

An undo, No. 5, P. Broicne, Hist. Jamaic, p. 139. 

This very interesting and graceful little Bamboo is con- 
fined to the mountainous interior of the Island of Jamaica, 
where it climbs the loftiest trees, and its pendulous branches 
form feathery masses of great beauty. It is mentioned in 
Browne's " History of Jamaica," but I can trace no allusion 
to it in Sloane's great work. Plants of it have been intro- 
duced into Kew, first by Mr. Jenman, when in charge of 
the Castleton Botanical Gardens (in Jamaica), and again 
by Mr. Morris, the Director of Public Gardens in that 
island. The plants sent by the latter grew well, and 
promised to be a charming addition to the Tropical 
Garden, when they, in December last, suddenly burst into 
flower, since which they have thrown oif much of their 
foliage, causing me to fear that, after the manner of so 
many species of the most remarkable tribe of grasses to 
which it belongs, they may not survive the flowering 
period. A careful examination of the inflorescence shows 
that this differs both from the generic character attributed 
to the genus Ghusquea, and to the specific character given 
by Grisebach. According to Kunth's description of the 
genus, as drawn up from South American species, there 
should be within the two outer short empty glumes two 
other empty ones similar to the flowering and appressed 

ajpbii, 1st, 1885. 

to it. According to Grisebach's description of C. aUetifoUa, 
only one exists between the two lower empty and the 
flowering glume. In our specimen there is none at all! 
In other words, Kunth describes (in American species) four 
empty glumes ; Grisebach (in this species) three, whereas 
in our specimens there are only two. Unfortunately there 
are no native flowering specimens in the Kew Herbaria ; 
and as Grisebach' s only specimens were three flowerless 
ones collected by Wilson, and preserved in the then 
Hookerian Herbarium, I am at a loss to know the source 
of his description. 

From the native specimens, the cultivated differ only in 
the leaves being much smaller, as may be seen by com- 
paring fig. 12 with those on the specimen represented. 

Descr. A very slender much-branched climbing bamboo, 
with flexuous wiry terete smooth stems ; leafy branches 
four to eight inches long, whorled, spreading and drooping. 
Leaves half to three-quarters of an inch long by one-twelfth 
of an inch wide (one and a half inch long by one-sixth of an 
inch wide in native specimens), strict, rigid, sessile on the 
sheath, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, many-nerved, margin 
cartilaginous minutely serrulate, pale green, glaucous 
beneath ; sheath ciliate ; ligule none. Racemes terminating 
the leafy branches, half an inch long, very slender, with 
three to six pendulous pedicelled spikelets, rachis and pedi- 
cels scabrid, capillary. Spikelets a quarter to one-third of an 
inch long, lanceolate, green and purple ; two outer glumes 
half the length of the flowering, ovate, acuminate, nerves 
and margins above scabrid, outer five- inner three-nerved. 
Flowering glume oblong-lanceolate, seven-nerved, tip 
awned, upper margin ciliate. Pale as long, but six-nerved, 
and four-toothed at the tip. Scales three, very variable in 
size and form, two lateral ovate or lanceolate, ciliate; 
dorsal shorter, ciliate or not. Stamens as long as the 
flowering glume ; anthers very large, linear-oblong, yellow. 
Ovary glabrous. Styles two short, one free feathery, pro- 
truded at the sides of the spikelet. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Two spikelets; 2 and 3, outer empty glumes ; 4, flowering glumes; 5, 
palea ; 6 and 7, lateral scales ; 8 and 9, different forms of dorsal scale ; 10, ovary ; 
11, top of vagina of leaf; 12, leaves of native specimen -.—all but fig. 12 much 

681 Z. 


lucent Brooks Day &. Souinp 

L Reeve &C° London. 

Tab. 6812. 
SALVIA Greggii. 

Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe ^Ionarde-e. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1191.) 

Salvia (Calospbace) Greygii ; fruticosa, glabra v. puberula, ramulis gracilibus 
pendulis foliosis.foliis subsessilibuscrassiusculis donsissiir.c glandnluso-punctatin 
lineari-oblongis obtusis integerrimis basi angustatis, racemis raniulos tenni- 
nantibus paucifloris glanduloso-puberulis, calycis angusti campanulati dentibus 
tubo striato sequilongis, corollse coccinete tubo exserto fauce modice inflito, ore 
contracto, labio superiore brevi obtuso, inferiore multo majore dilatato 3-lobo 
lobis lateralibus parvis orbiculatis, medio transverse oblongo 2-lobo, connectivi 
limbo inferiore lineari-oblongo. 

S. Greggii, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. viii. p. 369, and Synopt. Fl. N. 
Am. vol. ii. part i. p. 368. 

S. micropbylla, Torrey, JBot. Mex. Bound, p. 131, not of H. B. K. 

The plant here figured is a member of one of the largest 
sections of Salvia, Calosphace, which indeed claims to be 
considered a sub-genus, and was regarded by Moench as a 
genus (under the name of Jung id). All are American, and 
not a few are amongst the most attractive of conservatory 
and greenhouse plants. Upwards of a dozen are figured 
in this Magazine, as S. elegans (Tab. 6448), 8. rubescens 
(Tab. 5947), 8. cacaliarfolia (Tab. 5274), and the superb 
blue half-hardy 8. patens (Tab. 3808), which last is the 
only one that has continued in general cultivation ; — so 
transitory are the favourites of horticulturists. It remains 
to be seen whether 8. Greggii will obtain a more permanent 
recognition, which its great (but not greater) beauty and 
facility of culture should secure for it. 

S. Greggii is a native of mountains in Northern Mexico, 
east of Saltillo, at an elevation of 10,000 feet, where it was 
discovered by Dr. J. Gregg in ] 848-9. It was first flowered 
in England by Mr. W. Thompson, of Ipswich, the introducer 
of its near ally, S. porphyrata (Tab. 4939) ; and latterly 
apbil 1st, 1885. 

beautiful specimens were received from Mr. Lynch, of the 
Cambridge Botanical Garden, from which the accompanying 
drawing was taken in October last. 

Desoe. A small slender obscurely puberulous shrub, 
about three feet high, with an erect stem, 4-angled brown 
branches, and drooping leafy branchlets which turn up 
their flowering tips (that this is ever the habit of the plant 
in its native country is, however, improbable, and is not 
coufirmed by any of the indigenous specimens in the 
Herbarium). Leaves one to one and a half inch long, sub- 
sessile, linear-oblong, obtuse, narrowed at the base, rather 
thick, with faint nerves, closely gland-dotted, rather dull 
pale green. Racemes two inches long, six- to eight-flowered, 
glandular-puberulous ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. 
Calyx nairowly campanulate; lips half to one-third the 
length of the tube, lanceolate, acute, nearly straight. 
Corolla carmine, tube twice as long as the calyx, throat 
ventricose, « mouth contracted ; upper lip short, oblong, 
obtuse, pubescent and glandular, lower much larger, nearly 
three- fourths of an inch broad, three-lobed, lateral lobes 
small, orbicular; midlobe transversely oblong, two-lobed, 
lobules rounded. Anthers with the lower arm of the con- 
nective linear-oblong, auricled at the base. Style villous 
on the upper side below the stigmatic arm. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx; 2, stamen ; 3 and 4, back and front views of the anther-cell; 5, 
end of style and stigmas ; 6, disk and ovary : — all enlarged. 



M S aaL,3B 

! Brooks Day & Sonlmp 

fc ■ 

Tab. 6813. 


Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Aboideje. — Tribe Philodendbe.e. 
Genus Philodendeon, Schott ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 978.) 

Philodendeon Glaziovii ; caule scandente robusto, foliis distiehis alternis longe 
petiolatis lineari-obhmgis acuminatis basi cuneatis crasse coriaceis luride 
viridibus subtus pallidioribus, costa crassa superae planiuscula, nervis arcuatis 
copiosis marginem attingentibus, petiolo teretiusculo, vagina inconspicua, 
spatbis apicem versus caulis axillaribus breviter crasse pedunculatis reclinatis 
expansis apice roundatis et apiculatis oblongis atramineis tubo brevi intus 
sanguineo, spadice sessili erecto apathss acquilon^o sed baud incluso cylindraceo 
sensim attenuate* subacute, inflorescentia fceminea mascula multo breviore, 
ovario 6-8-loculari, stigmate sessili pulvinari, ovulis 3-5-basilaribus. 

This fine species does not accord with the description of 
any in Engler's monograph of the Aroidece. Nor does it 
fit well into any of his ten sections of the genus, though I 
suppose it should be referred to the rather heterogeneous 
assemblage which compose that called Baursia by Reichen- 
bach the elder, and which Schott subdivided under the 
names Ganniphyllum and Glossophyllum. It appears to me 
to be very nearly allied to P. Linncei, Kunth, a native of 
Para and Dutch Guiana, which is described as having 
somewhat similar leaves with equal lateral nerves, and a 
white spathe wiih a red tube, but which differs in having 
only two-ovuled cells, and in the female inflorescence being 
only half as short as the male. 

P. Glaziovii was sent together with no fewer than 
seventy species of Aroids to the Royal Gardens by Senr. 
A. Glaziou, Director of Public and Imperial Gardens at Rio 
de Janeiro, of which country it is presumably a native; 
and I have named it in compliment to that able and zealous 
officer, whose contributions to the establishment of Kew, 
of both living plants and Herbarium specimens, have been 
of very great extent and high value,. in both a botanical 
and horticultural point of view. There is nowhere to be 

MAT 1st, 1885. 

seen such a collection of tropical American tree-ferns as 
now adorns the wing of the Tropical Fern House at Kew ; 
and for these we are indebted to Senr. Glaziou's knowledge 
of what to send, and how to send them. 

P. Glaziovii was received in 1 880, and flowered in May, 
1883, in the Aroid House at Kew. 

Descr. A climbing aroid, with a stem as thick as the 
thumb, and now five feet high, leafy from the base, as 
yet unbranched, and rooting from the base of every leaf 
against a damp wall. Leaves alternate, distichous, eighteen 
inches long by three to five inches broad, linear-oblong, 
acute, coriaceous, midrib flat above, prominent beneath; 
nerves all very slender, arching from the midrib, crowded 
and reaching the narrowly cartilaginous margin, petiole 
rather shorter than the blade, terete, slightly flattened 
above, nearly as thick as the little finger; sheath very 
short. Spathes axillary, shortly stoutly peduncled, six to 
seven inches long, by two and a half to three broad, 
straight, reclinate, oblong, concave, apiculate, greenish- 
yellow externally, straw-coloured within, scarlet within 
the short thick convolute tube; margins above recurved. 
Spadix as long as the spathe, sessile, wholly exserted 
beyond the tube, strict, cylindric, under half an inch in 
diameter, slightly tapering upwards; male inflorescence 
four times as long as the female, lower half with perfect, 
upper with imperfect anthers. Ovary shortly oblong, six- to 
eight-celled ; stigma sessile, pulvinate. Ovules four to five, 
erect from the base of each cell, anatropous. — /. I). H. 

Fig. ^.Reduced figure of the whole plant; 2 and 3, male flowers; 4, imperfect 
ditto ; o, female flowers j 6, transverse, and 7, vertical section of ovary ; 8, ovules :— 
all but fig. 1 enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Dayk-SonJmp 

LRaevt & Clondon 

Tab. 6814. 
STREPTOCARPUS caulescens. 

Native of Tropical Eastern Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnebace^:. — Tribe Cyetandbe^:. 
Genus Stbeptocaepus, Lindl. ; (Clarice Monogr. Cyrtandr. p. US.) 

Stbeptocaepfs caulescent ; molliter hirsutus, caule elongato erecto robusto folioso, 
foliis petiolatis elliptico-oblongis integerrimis obtusis subacutisve, peduncuiis 
gracillimis, cymis diehotomis laxifloris glanduloso-pilosis, peduncnlis pedieellis- 
que gracilibus, bracteis minutis subulatis, calycis parvi lobis lanceolatis 
aeuminatis, corolla tubuloso-campanulata paulo incurva, tubo subtus inflato 
£ poll, longo, lobis oblongis, capsula gracili 2-3-pollicari, stylo brevi. 

S. caulescens, Vatlce in Linncea, vol. xliii. p. 323; Clarke Cyrtandr. p. 151; 
Dickson in Trans. Ed. But. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 362, t. 14. 

At Plate 6782 there is figured for the first time a species 
(and this a newly discovered one) of the caulescent group 
of the beautiful genus Streptocarpus (S. Kirhii), under 
which it is noticed that its nearest ally was the 8. caulescens, 
Vatke, which had not at that date been introduced into 
cultivation. Indeed, so like was 8. Kirhii to 8. caulescens, 
that doubts were expressed as to the limits of varieties of 
each not overlapping. The figure here given of 8. caulescens 
shows that it is specifically distinct, is more hirsute, with a 
curious tuberous gouty stem and paler flowers, and with 
very differently shaped lobes of the corolla. 

According to Mr. Clarke, however, the species is a 
variable one, of which what he regards as the typical form 
has much larger leaves of a lanceolate form, four to five 
inches long, with petioles more than half that length, and 
having rather larger violet-blue flowers; and he refers 
specimens in the Herbarium which are similar to that now 
figured, to a var. ovata with shorter broader leaves and 
shorter petioles. Without more and more complete 
specimens it is impossible to say whether or no these two 
forms may not represent really different plants. The fact 
is that the countries from which these beautiful plants have 
been obtained present all sorts of obstacles to the traveller, 
and render the collection and preservation of specimens, 
where possible, extremely difficult. In Yatke's description 

MAY 1st, 1885. 

of the specimens of 8. caulescens that were first published, 
and which were collected by Hildebrandt in East Africa 
(and which I have not seen), the leaves are said to be oval- 
oblong, obtnse, and contracted into the petiole, characters 
which do not well suit any of the Kew examples, but rather 
tend to unite them. 

8. caulescent is probably a common plant in the moist 
hill regions of Eastern Tropical Africa. Its discoverer 
appears to have been the indefatigable Sir John Kirk, who 
found it in 1877 near Magila in south latitude 5° 8', and 
whose specimens exactly accord with the figure here given. 
The latter was raised by Mr. Mitten, A.L.S., from seeds 
sent from the Lake region of Central Africa by Bishop 
Hannington, and which flowered at Kew in February of 
the present year. Of the larger form, with violet flowers 
and lanceolate leaves, there are specimens in the Kew 
Herbarium collected in the Shire Highlands by Mr. 
Buchanan, communicated by the Botanical Society of 
Edinburgh ; and from the mountains east of Lake Nyassa, 
collected by the Rev. W. P. Johnson, and presented by 
Mr. Waller. 

A very interesting fact in the life history of all the 
Streptocarpi is their mode of germination,* and which in 
respect of 8. caulescens is the subject of a paper by Prof. 
Dickson, published in the Transactions of the Botanical 
Society of Edinburgh. This author describes the embryo 
as having two equal minute cotyledons, of which one 
remains stationary in germination, whilst the other is 
developed into a leaf quite like the future stem-leaves. 
But what is most curious is, that an internode is developed 
between the undeveloped and developed cotyledon, which 
latter is therefore carried up on a stem that thereafter by 
fusion with the ascending axis becomes the main stem of 
the plant, branching above, and the branches bearing 
opposite leaves. — J. D. H. 

* First observed by Prof. Caspary in 1858 (Verliand. Nat. Hist, Vereins Rheinl. 
toI. xv., also Flora, 1859, p. 120), and independently in 1860 by Mr. Crocker, 
foreman of the propagating pits at Kew (Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. v. p. 65. 


Fig. 1, Base of stem, of the natural size ; 2, calyx and ovary ; 3, base of corollc 
d stamens ; 4, young fruit :— all enlarged. 


"Vincent Brooks DayS-Soninf 

Tab. 6815. 


Native of Western Tropical America. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.32.— Tribe Cynanche^;. 

Genus Macboscepis, Ilumb. Bonpl. et Kth.; {Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PL 

vol. ii. p. 751.) 

Macboscepis obovata ; hirsutissima, caule yolubili. foliis subpanduriformi-obovatis 
caudato-aeurninatis basi cordatis, petiolo brevi, cymis axillaribus densifloris, 
floribus breviter pedicellatis brunneis, calycis segmentis ovato-lanceolatis 
liirsutis, corollae tubo glabro calyce requilongo, lobis tubo requilongis late ovatis 
obtusis ciliolatis intus papi Hosts, corona) squamis crassis confluentibus. 

M. obovata, ffumb. Bonpl. et Kth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. iii. p. 201, t. 233; 
Synops. vol. ii. p. 281 ; Dene, in DO. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 599. 

The singular plant here figured is a native of various 
parts of the coast of tropical South America, from Mexico 
to Peru. Humboldt discovered it in the Bay of Campeachy ; 
Galleotti collected it on the sandy shores of the district of 
Oaxaca in Mexico, where he describes it as forming hedges ; 
Spruce found it on the river Daule in Guayaquil, and 
Purdie on the plains near Molina in the province of Sta. 
Martha, New Grenada. For the specimen here figured I 
am indebted to M. Ed. Andre, joint-editor of the " Kevue 
Horticole," who procured it during his late journeyings in 
South America, and flowered it in his stove at Lacroix in 
Touraine in November of last year, and kindly sent it to 
Kew for figuring in this work. It is a near ally of M. 
tristis (Benth. in Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 751), the Schubertia 
tristix, Seemann (Bot. Herald Voy. p. 168), in which the 
leaves are more orbicular, and the corolla is described as 
quite glabrous. The genus Macroscepis is, as Bentham 
observes, hardly distinguishable from Auravjia of Brotero, 
which was published in the Transactions of the Linnean 
Society in the same year (1818) as the volume of Hum- 
boldt's great work in which Macroscepis appeared. Should 
the two genera be united, as no doubt they will be by the 

MAY 1st, 1885. 

further discovery of connecting species or characters, the 
question of priority of generic name will arise. This will 
probably be settled in favour of Auraujia, owing to the fact 
that Brotero's very complete account of that genus was read 
before the Linnean Society in November, 1815, though not 
published till 1818. 

Dksob. A twining shrub, with milky juice, densely 
hirsute with long spreading hairs that are rusty brown 
when dry ; branchlets thicker than a crow-quill. Leaves 
shortly petioled, four to six inches long, by two and a 
half to three inches broad, obovate and contracted above 
the cordate base, so as to be somewhat fiddle- shaped, 
acuminate with a long point; hirsute on both surfaces, 
but especially on the nerves beneath ; costa and nerves 
stout; petiole a quarter to one-third of an inch, very 
stout. Flower in dense shortly peduncled or subsessile 
axillary cymes ; pedicels short, and calyx laxly hirsute. 
Sepals one-third of an inch long, ovate-lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, erect, as long as the corolla-tube. Corolla salver- 
shaped, with rather broad tube ; limb an inch in diameter, 
glabrous except the ciliate margins of the broadly ovate 
subacute lobes, which are of a yellow-brown colour within, 
and have a minutely papillose surface. Column capitate, 
filling the mouth of the corolla ; scales thick, confluent. 
Pollinia minute, wedge-shaped, much compressed. — J. D. If. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, vertical section of base of corolla, showing the glands and 
column ; 3, column ; 4 and 5, pollinia : — all enlarged. 



fcnc«ABh»hsDa* &.3oaiflP 

T T?«.„-ro ft P° 

Tab. 6816. 
EUCOMIS bioolor. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. LiLiACEiE. — Tribe Scille^:. 
Genus Eucomis, L' Merit; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 813.) 

Eucomis bieolor ; bulbo globoso tunicis raembranaceis brnnneis, foliis produetis 
5-6 oblongis pedalibus immaculatis membranaceis margine undulatis, peduneulo 
cylindrico immaculato foliis breviori, racemo denso oblongo, pedieellis flora 
suboequilongis, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, comae foliis 30-10 ovatis margine 
crispatis interdum purpureo tinctis, periantliii segmsntia oblongis pallide 
viridibns margine purpureis, staminibus alte perigynis perianthio distinete 
brevioribus fil.tmentis lanceolato-deltoideis purpureis antberis oblongis miuutis, 
ovavio ovoideo, stylo ovario sequilongo. 

E. bieolor, Baker in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. x. (1878), p. 492. 

The alliance of this new Eucomis is close botanieally 
with the well-known E. undulata, but for horticultural 
purposes it is a decided acquisition, because, whilst in all 
the species already introduced the flowers are a uniform 
green, here the segments of the perianth and the stamens 
are a bright purple. It was discovered by Mr. Christopher 
Mudd, the son of the late curator of the Cambridge 
Botanical Gardens, in Natal, and sent home by him to 
Messrs. Veitch, with whom it flowered for the first time in 
the autumn of 1873. Our drawing was made from a plant 
which was presented to Kew by our indefatigable corre- 
spondent, J. Medley Wood, Esq., of Inanda, Natal, which 
remained in flower for a long time during the winter of 
1883-4 at the cool end of the new range of houses which is 
devoted mainly to Cape heaths and Cape bulbs. 

Desck. Bulb globose, about a couple of inches in diameter, 
with brown membranous tunics and copious fleshy root- 
fibres. Produced leaves five or six, contemporary with 
the flowers, oblong, sessile, suberect, about a foot long, 
three or four inches broad at the middle, crisped towards 
the margin, unspotted. Peduncle cylindrical, terete, un- 

mat 1st, 1885. 


spotted, a little shorter than the leaves. Raceme dense, 
oblong, three or four inches long, two inches in diameter ; 
pedicels about as long as the flowers ; bracts small, lan- 
ceolate, scariose ; empty bracts of the tip of the peduncle 
thirty or forty, ovate, acute, crisped at the edge, and some- 
times, but not always, tinted purple. Perianth half an 
inch long ; segments oblong, united at the base, pale green, 
with a distinct bright purple margin. Stamens much 
shorter than the perianth-segments ; filaments lanceolate- 
deltoid, purplish ; anthers small, oblong. Ovary ovoid, 
narrowed to a neck at the base ; style filiform, as long as 
the ovary ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of an anther; 2, back view of an anther; 3, pistil and tip of 
pedicel; 4, horizontal section of ovary: — all more or less enlarged. 




Tab. 6S17. 
DENDROBIUM Phalenopsis. 

Native of Northern Australia and New Guinea. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide.£. — Tribe Epidexdre^e. 
Genus Dendrobium, Sw. ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 498.) 

Dendrobium Phalcsnopsis ; caulibus elongatis fasciculatis subcylindraceis sulcatis 
vaginis appressis pallidis tectis, folds disticbis sessilibus lanceolatis acuminatis 
luride viridibus, racemis axillaribus pendulis laxe G-10-floris, sepalis ovato- 
lanceolatis acuminatis pallidis nervia reticulars, petalis sepalis multo majoribus 
patentibus rhnmbeo-rotundatis acutis basi contractis roseis venosis, Jabelli 
sanguineo-purpurei lobis lateralibus rotundatis incurvis intermedio lingueforrai 
oblongo apiculato basin versus 5-7-carinato carinis rngulosis, calcare recto 
obtuso basi interne in sacculum subhemisphericum dilatato, columna brevi ima 
basi 2-callosa. 

D. Pbalaenopsis, Fitzgerald in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xiv. (July, 1883), p. 38, 
and Austral Orchids, vol. i. cum Ic. pict. 

Mr. Fitzgerald, who regards this as the finest of Australian 
Orchids, has given a good figure of it in his great work on 
the Australian plants of this family, which is a solitary 
example of an illustrated botanical publication of a high 
order of merit emanating from a British colony. This 
author rightly regards it as closely allied to B. bigibbum, 
Lindl., superbiens, Reichb., and Goldiei, all natives of the 
same botanical region. Of these, B. bigibbum is figured at 
Plate 4898 of this work ; it is evidently a near relation, but 
quite distinct in its much smaller size, fewer much broader 
more uniformly deep rose-coloured flowers, shorter crested 
lip, simple saccate spur and longer column. Of B. 
superbiens there are figures in the " Gardners' Chronicle," 
N. S., vol. ix. p. 40, fig. 9, and in the " Floral Magazine," 
which represents a plant very like B. Phalcenopsis, but with 
a longer raceme of more numerous flowers. D. Goldiei again 
is figured in " The Garden " for 1878 ; it has dark rose-red 
flowers, like those of B. bigibbum, and racemes like those 
of B. superbiens. There is still another species of the 
same group and country, B. Stmneri, F. Muell., with which 

MAT 1st, 1885. 

D. Plialamopsis should be compared, but I have no means of 
doing this satisfactorily, for it has never been figured. 

According to Mr. Fitzgerald, D. Phalamopsis was intro- 
duced into cultivation by Captain Broomfield, of Balmain 
in Queensland, who procured it in Northern Australia and 
New Guinea. The specimen figured by that author was, 
however, obtained near Cook Town in Queensland, which is 
in the Cape York Peninsula, and latitude 15° S., and where 
it flowers in April. In Kew it flowered it September. 

The specimen here figured is one of the few botanical 
prizes secured to England by Mr. Forbes during his 
adventurous expedition to Timor-laut (see Journ. Geograph. 
Soc. vol. vi. p. 113). It is probably the handsome species 
alluded to in the Report of the Botany of his expedition at 
p. 371 of the Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. xxi., as 
found on trees in Lavat. This gives the species a wide 
range in distribution, and I can detect no difference between 
the Australian and Timor-laut plants, except in that Mr. 
Fitzgerald implies that the flowers are erect in his plant, 
whereas they are decidedly pendulous in ours, as in D< 

Desce. Stems tufted, a foot to a foot and a half high, 
and nearly as thick as the little finger, rather compressed, 
furrowed, clothed with appressed pale sheaths. Leaves 
alternate, distichous, six to eight inches long, sessile, 
lanceolate, acuminate, dark green. Racemes pendulous, 
loosely six- to ten-flowered ; peduncle and pedicels slender. 
Flowers two inches in diameter, perianth spreading, but not 
reflexed. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, very pale 
pink, nerves reticulate. Petals much larger, rhomboid- 
orbicular, acute, rose-red, contracted at the base. Lip 
narrow, dark purplish blood-red; lateral lobes rounded, 
incurved and meeting above, forming a cavernous hood, 
midlobe tongue-shaped, acute, with five to seven obscure 
rough ridges extending half-way from the lateral lobes to 
the tip ; spur laterally compressed, straight, short obtuse, 
produced below into a hemispheric sac. Column very short, 
with two white calli at its base. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of the whole plant ; 2, column ; 3, lip ; 4, anther ; 5, 
pollen:— all but fig. 1 enlarged. 


| ,,:■,■,.■, I. M . 

Son !i:i|> 

Tad. 6S18. 


Native of the East Indies. 

Nat. Ord. LEGr/MiNOS-E. — Tribe Bauhij. t ie.-e. 
Genus Bauiiinia, Linn. ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 575.) 

Bauhinia (Pauletia) variegata; arborea, erecta, ramulis novellis calycibusque 
griseo-puberulis, foliis 9-11-nerviis glabris profunde bifidis lobis obttisis, 
raeemis brevibus, floribus 4-poll. latis breviter pedicellatis, caljcis spathacei 
tubo cylindraceo spatha? lanceolatoe aequilongo, petalis patentibus unguiculatis 
elliptico-obovatis roseis purpureo-variegatis rarius albis, antico lineis sanguineis 
flabellatim notato, staminibus 3-5, ovario gracili piloso stipite styloque graci- 
libus elongatis, legumine 1-2-pedali ensiformi curvo intus septato. 

B. variegata, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 535; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 514; JIamilt. in 
Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 496; Roxb. Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 319; Wall. 
Cat. No. 5795 ; Bcddome Flor. Sylv. p. 92 ; Brand is For. Flor. p. 160 ; 
Kurz For. Flor. vol. i. p. 397 ; Baker in Ilook.f. Fl. Brit. Lnd. vol. ii. p. 284. 

B. Candida, Roxb. I. c. p. 318. 

Fhaneea variegata, Benth. PI. Jungh. p. 262. 

Chovanna-Mandaru, Rheede Hort. Mai. vol. i. p. 57, t. 32. 

I have often wondered how it was that two of the most 
conspicuous common and beautiful small trees of India, 
Bauhinia variegata and purpurea, should never now be 
seen in the larger tropical plant-houses of England; it 
cannot be that they have not been repeatedly introduced, 
for according to the Hortus Kewensis the first of them was 
grown in England nearly 200 years ago (in 1690) by the 
Earl of Portland ; and the white variety (B. Candida, 
Roxb.) upwards of a century ago (in 1777) by Dr. Patrick 
Russell ; whilst B. purpurea was raised in the following 
year. Neither of them is figured in any work illustrating 
cultivated plants, British or Continental, though B. 
variegata appears to have flowered at Kew many years ago, 
for in the work quoted June and July are given as the 
flowering months. The reason for these plants being so 
little grown in our hot-houses is, no doubt, that they must 
attain some size before tbey flower, and that they require 
a dry season to ripen their wood, the giving of which, 

june 1st, 1885. 

without killing the plant by drought, is tho standing crux 
of all establishments. B. variegata is an exceedingly 
common plant throughout India, but more often seen planted 
than indigenous; it forms a small tree, six to twenty 
feet high, and when covered with blossoms, which appear 
in March, it resembles a gigantic Pelargonium, and is 
indeed a glorious object. The bark is astringent and 
employed for dyeing and tanning, the leaves and flower- 
buds are used as a vegetable, and the latter are often 
pickled. The flowers vary greatly in colour, from white 
variegated with yellowish green, to rose variegated with 
crimson, cream-colour and purple. The specimen here 
figured flowered in the Royal Gardens in March of last 

Desce. A small tree; branchlets slender, glabrous, 
except the tips, which with the peduncles and buds are 
grey with a fine pubescence. Leaves three to four inches 
long and broad, orbicular, bifid, nine- to eleven-nerved, lobes 
rounded, sinus acute with a mucro ; petiole one to two 
inches long, slender. Flowers in short racemes, four inches 
in diameter, calyx spathaceous, tube as long as the limb. 
Petals clawed, obovate-oblong, obtuse, delicately veined, 
rose-coloured, the lower more cuneate, streaked with 
crimson. Stamens five, three longer than the others, erect. 
Ovary slender, hairy, stipes and style slender. Pod one to 
two feet long, by three-quarters to one and a quarter broad, 
flat, curved, stipitate, acute or acuminate, septate within. 
Seeds broadly oblong, much compressed. — J. D. U. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, stamens and pistil ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, pods ; 6, portion of 
valve of ditto and seed : — all but Jigs. 4 and 5 enlarged. 



T vracert Brooks Day & Son hsf 

L Reeve &.C? London. 

Tab. 6819. 
CYTISUS hirsutus. 

Native of South Europe and Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos;e. — Tribe Genisteje. 
Genus Cytist/s, Linn. ; (Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 484.) 

Cttisus (Tuboeytisus) hirsutus ; fruticosus, patentim molliter hirsutus, ramis foliosis 
erectis v. adseendentibus, foliis longe gracile petiolatis, fbliolis elliptico-oblon^is 
obovatis v. ovatis obtusis, floribus 2-4-nis omnibus lateralibus breviter pedi- 
cellatis, calycis hirsuti tubo subcylindraceo breviter bilabiato, labio ntpertore 
2-dentato, inferiore breviore, vexillo orbiculari, legumine plauiusculo hirsute 
recto v. subfalcato. 

C. hirsutus, Linn. Sp. PL p. 1042 ; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 156 ; Jacq. Ohs. vol. iv. 
t. 96 ; Koch Synops. Fl. Germ. 171 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 50 ; Muq- 
gridge Flor. Ment. t. 28. 

C. falcatus, Waldst. et Kit. PI. Hung. t. 238. 

C. triflorus, Lam. Diet. vol. ii. p. 250, non L'Herit. 

C. Tournefortianus, Lois, in Duham. Arbr. Ed. Nov. vol. v. p. 137. 

Now that attention is being directed to the introduction 
of hardy flowering kinds into our hitherto too monotonous 
backgrounds and borders of shrubs, it is to be expected 
that the Gytisi will take a prominent place, and for this 
purpose none is better worth culture than the subject of 
the present plate, which is hardly known except in the 
gardens of the curious. It is a native of a wide extent of 
country in South Europe, from southern Switzerland and 
Italy to Greece, Bosnia and Bithynia. Anatolia is its 
eastern limit, whilst its western is the Alps of Dauphine. Mr. 
Moggridge, in his " Flora of Mentone," says that it is one 
of the rarest leguminous plants of that district, occurring 
only on sandstone rocks in the Turin Valley. It must not 
be confounded with the G. hirsutus of the " Flora Grseca," 
which is G. sjpinescens, Sieber. According to " Hortus 
Kewensis," it was cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller at 
Chelsea in 1739. For the specimen here figured I am 
indebted to my indefatigable friend and contributor in this 
work, George Maw, Esq., F.L.S., who flowered it at 
Benthal Hall (Shropshire) in June, 1879, and sent mo 
specimens for illustration. 

junb 1st, 1885. 

Descr. A low spineless bush, more or less hirsute with 
soft spreading hairs; branches leafy, erect or ascending. 
Leaves long-petioled, three-foliolate, leaflets three-quarters 
to one inch long, elliptic-oblong or ovate, rarely obovate, 
obtuse ; petiole one inch long. Flowers clustered on the 
sides of the branches, two, three and four together, very 
shortly pedicelled, one to one and a half inches long, 
yellow. Calyx one-third to half an inch long, tubular and 
slightly inflated, hirsute, shortly two-lipped ; upper lip 
two-fid, lower much shorter. Standard orbicular with a 
long claw, pale yellow externally, golden yellow in front 
and streaked with orange yellow, margins recurved. 
Wings small, not half the length of the standard, oblong, 
obtuse; keel smaller still. Stamens united in a tube as 
long as the calyx-tube ; free portions of the filaments very 
short; anthers minute. Ovary hairy; style slender, 
glabrous, stigma capitellate ; ovules very numerous. Pod 
one to one and a half inches long by one-third of an inch 
wide, curved, flat, acute or acuminate, laxly clothed with 
very long hairs along the ventral suture. Seeds very 
small.—/. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of calyx, staminal tube and ovary ; 2, calyx ; 3, 
standard; 4, wings; 5, keel ; 6, stamens; 7, pistil ; 8, stigma:— all enlarged. 


IvT.S. de\ J.^Hti "lith. 

TfacentBrooWJay & SonTmi: 

I. Reeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6820. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Tribe VANDE.E. 

Genus Odontoglossxjm, Humb. Bonpl. et Kth.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL 

vol. ii. p. 561.) 

Odontogiossttm (Isanthium) (Erstedii ; humile, psendobulbis ovoideis teretius- 
culis lscvibus, folio lineari-oblongo v. elliptico-lanceolato in petiolum angustato, 
racemo subereeto paucifloro, flovibus albis labello basi aureo, sepalis late 
oblongis apiculatis, petalis consimilibus sed paullo minoribus et in unguem 
brevem angustatis, labello sessili 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus parvis brevissiniis 
auriculseforrnibus recurvis, terminali explanato orbiculari bitido, callo basi 
quadrato elevato disco depresso margine postico ciliato, columna aptera. 

O. (Ebstedii, Reichb.fil. in- Bonplandia, vol. iii. p. 214, and in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. 
p. 845; Xenia Orchidacea, vol. i. p. 189, t. 68; Beitrag. Orchideen 
Central- Ameriks. pp. 15, 47, and 71, and in Gard. Chron. vol. vii. (1877), 
pp. 302 and 811, fig. 128. 

According to Dr. Reichenbacli this very distinct little 
Odontoglot was discovered by Warscewicz in 1848, who 
made a rough sketch of it ; but it was not well known till 
the learned orchidologist alluded to described it in Bon- 
plandia from dried specimens procured by Drs. (Ersted, 
Wendland and Endres, in Costa Rica, on Mount Irasu, 
near the town of San Juan, at an elevation of 9000 feet 
above the sea. It having been described first from dried 
specimens, the pseudobulbs were supposed to be two-edged, 
and the peduncle one-flowered, neither of which is the case, 
as shown in the excellent woodcut in the " Gardener's 
Chronicle," and in our plate. The purple spots noted as 
occurring in the original specimens are replaced in ours by 
orange ones on the yellow base of the lip, and the three 
yellow lines by a square yellow disk with faint orange lines 
upon it. These are all matters as to which great variability 
is to be looked for. 

Odontoglossum (Erstedii was, I believe, first flowered in 
Europe by Messrs. Veitch in 1877. It blossoms in the 
Royal Garden from February to May, the flowers lasting a 

june 1st, 1885. 

long while; the figure here given is from fine specimens 
obligingly sent by Mr. Shuttle worth, of Park Road, Clapham. 
Descr. Pseudobulbs tufted, one to one and a half inches 
loner, ovoid, quite smooth and terete, dark green. Leaf 
solitary, four to five inches long, by one to one and a halt 
broad, elliptic-lanceolate or linear-oblong, acute, coria- 
ceous, dark green, narrowed into a petiole one-half to one 
inch long. Peduncle suberect, stout, longer, than the 
leaves, flexuous, one- to four-flowered; bracts oblong, 
obtuse, scarious ; pedicels with the ovary one and a halt 
to two inches long, white. Flowers one and a half inches in 
diameter, pure white except the yellow base of the lip. 
Sepals oblong with rounded apiculate tips. Petals very 
similar, but suddenly contracted at the base to a short 
claw. Lip with two lateral very small lobes and a large 
middle one ; lateral lobes short, recurved ; midlobe nearly 
orbicular, cleft at the tip for about one-third way up, the 
sinus narrow ; disk between the lateral lobes with a raised 
quadrangular golden callus marked with orange spots, 
centre of disk depressed, posterior margin ciliate ; there 
is also a broad square patch of yellow with faint orauge 
lines at the base of the midlobe. Column wingless, white. 
—J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Column and base of lip; 2, anther-case; 3, pollen-masses -.—all 



Vincent Broolts Day &. Son imp. 

■V. ■ >'■ f ' . ■ .., . I. 

Tab. 6821. 


Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Old. SciTAMiNEiE. — Tribe ZiNGiBEBEiE. 
Genus Costus, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. GIG.) 

CosTtTS ixjneus ; glaberrimus, caulo erecto folioso, foliis breviter petiolatis ellipticis 
v- elliptico-lanceolatis caudato-acuminatissimis undulatis supreinis subrosulatis, 
vaginarum ore ciliolato, calyce elongato 3-fido, corollje tubo infundibulari calyce 
duplo longiore lobis late ovatis oblongis v. oblanceolatis obtusis v. acuminatis 
recurvis, labello amplo orbiculari 2— 2£ poll, diametro late aurantiaco irregulariter 
crenato, connectivo oblongo concavo aureo dorso pubescente basi cordato apice 
rostrato rostro inflexo. 

C. igneus, N. JS. Brown in L'lllustr. LTortic. vol. xxxi. p. 25, t. 511. 

This brilliant plant is stated in the work above quoted 
to be a native of Bahia, whence it was imported by Mr. 
Linden, and it is there figured under the name given it by 
Mr. N. E. Brown, Assistant in the Kew Herbarium, to 
whom it was sent for the purpose of being identified and 
named. There are good specimens of it in the Kew 
Herbarium, collected by M. Glaziou, Director of Public 
Parks and Gardens at Rio de Janeiro, but with no par- 
ticular locality, nor is it stated whether they are indigenous 
or cultivated. 

The genus Costus is a very considerable one, and unlike 
most of the order to which it belongs, it occurs in the 
tropics of all the continents. The species vary much in 
the form of the perianth, and may be divided into very 
distinct sections, of which those with the lip expanded in a 
circular form are the most attractive. To this section 
belongs the G. speciosus, Roscoe, of India, a white-flowered 
species of great beauty, and very common in Bengal. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Linden for the 
plant from which the plate was executed, and which 
flowered in a stove in September of last year. 

june 1st, 1885. 

Descr. Stem twelve to eighteen inches high, erect, stout, 
clothed with pale leaf sheaths. Leaves four to six inches 
long, elliptic-lanceolate, produced at the apex into a very 
slender acuminate point, and at the base into a short broad 
concave petiole, dark green above, paler and tinged with 
red beneath ; sheath one and a half to two inches long, 
mouth red and ciliolate. Flowers clustered, two and a 
half to three inches in diameter. Calyx one inch long, 
tubular, unequally trifid. Corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, 
twice as long as the calyx, lobes very variable, oblanceolate 
or oblong, ovate, obtuse or acute. Lip circular, bright 
orange-red, undulated and expanded horizontally, ir- 
regularly crenate. Anther sessile; connective hooded, 
oblong, golden yellow, hairy at the back, tip suddenly 
contracted into an inflexed beak, base cordate ; anther- 
cells broad. Stigma small, nrceolately funnel-shaped. — 
/. L. R. 

Fig. 1, Bracts, calyx and base of corolla-tube ; 2, front, and 3, side view of 
anther ; 4, stigma ; 5, transverse section of ovary ; 6, ovules : — all enlarged. 




L Reeve &, C? London. 

Tab. 6822. 
HYACINTHUS azureus. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e.— Tribe Scille.£. 
Genus Hyacinthus, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 812.) 

Hyacinthus (Hyacintbella) azureus ; bulbo globoso copiose stolonifero, foliis 6-8 
erectis loratis facie glaucis profunde canaliculars, pedunculo tereti foliis paulo 
breviori, racemis densis conicis floribus inferioribus splendide cceruleis breviter 
pedicellatis perianthio oblongo segmentis late ovatis porrectis tubo subtriplo 
brevioribus, floribus superioribus subsessilibus pallide coeruleis perianthio 
breviori campanulato, supremis paucis rudimentariis genitalibus abortivis, 
staminibus prope tubi medium insertis uniseriatis, filamentis antheris subaicpii- 
longis, ovario ovoideo, stylo brevi, stigmate capitato. 

H. azureus, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 427. 

Muscari azuveum, Fenzl in Delect. Sent. Hort. Vindob. 1858 ; Tchihat. Asia 
Minor Bot. vol. ii. p. 539. 

Bellevallia azurea, Boiss. Ft. Orient, vol. v. p. 307. 

Amphobolis coelestis, Sckott et Kotsehy in Kotschy Taur. p. 279, teste Boissier. 

Muscari lingulatum, Baker in Trimen. Journ. 1874, p. 6. 

The present plant is a welcome accession to our stock of 
hardy bulbs that flower in early spring. Although it has 
entirely the habit of our ordinary grape hyacinths, the 
segments of the perianth are not at all incurved, so that 
although it forms a complete link of connection between 
the two genera Hyacinthus and Muscari, its proper place is 
in the former. Our wild specimens in the Kew Herbarium 
were gathered on the Caramanian Taurus by Mr. Elwes, 
and on the Cilician Taurus by Mrs. Danford. It was first 
brought by Kotschy from Cilicia to the Vienna Gardens 
about 1856. For our Kew bulbs from which were grown 
the plants that furnished the material for the present 
figure, we are indebted to Herr Leichtlen. With us it 
flowers in the open ground at the latter end of February. 

Descr. Bulb depresso-globose, white, about an inch in 
diameter, copiously stoloniferous from the base. Leaves 
six or eight to a bulb, lorate, erect, glaucous, deeply chan- 

june 1st, 1885. 

nelled down the face, four to six inches long at the time of 
flowering. Scape terete, rather shorter than the leaves. 
Raceme dense, conical, with a thickened rugose axis 
coloured blue like the flowers ; lower flowers deep blue, 
deflexed, with a short pedicel and an oblong perianth one- 
sixth of an inch long, with ovate segments about one-third 
as long as the tube; flowers of the upper half of the 
raceme nearly sessile, with a sky-blue campanulate 
perianth with segments nearly or quite as long as the 
tube ; uppermost flowers minute and rudimentary. 
Stamens in the lower flowers inserted in a single row 
about the middle of the perianth-tube ; filaments as long 
as the anthers. Pistil half as long as the perianth-tube ; 
ovary ovoid; style short, cylindrical; stigma capitate. — 
/. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, One of the lower flowers of the raceme ; 2, one of the upper flowers; 3, 
vertical section of one of the lower flowers ; 4, an anther, seen from the front ; 5, 
hack view of an anther; 6, horizontal section of the ovary: — all more or less 



S .'ion Imp 

Tab. 6823. 
CHRY80PHYLLUM imperials. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Sapotace.e. 
Genus Chrysophtllum, Linn. ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 653.) 

Chrysophyllum imperiale ; ramulis arbustis, foliis magnis petiolitis obovato- 
oblongis v. oblongo-oblanceolatis acutis obtusisve grosse serratis subtus sparse 
stellato-tomentellis demum glabris, petiolo v.ilido teretiusculo, floribus siccus 
ramoa fasciculatis pedicellatis subsericeo-pubescentibus llavo-virescentibus, 
sepaJu ovato-rotundatis obtusis, corolla subrotata 5-loba crassa glabenima, 
lobus late ovato-rotundatis obtusis concavis, antberis cordato-ovatis extus dehis- 
centibus, ovario late ovoideo piloso in stylum brevissimum crassum angustato, 
stigmate simplici, fructu subgloboso v. oblique ovoideo apice mamrnillari, 
seminibus compressis margine dorsali at'uto, ventrali latiore bilo angusto linear! 

Chrysophyllum imperiale, Benth. in Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. (H>3. 

Throphrasta ? imperialis, Hort. ; Andre in Ulllustrat. Hvrticole, vol.xxi. 1874, 
p. 77 and 152, t. 184; Beget, Gartenfl. 1864, p. 323, t. 453. 

Curatella sptciosa, Dene. mss. 

This noble plant was an inmate of both British and 
Continental botanical gardens for thirty years before its 
genus was determined, during which period the attention of 
both botanists and horticulturists was directed to ascer- 
taining its native country and affinities. According to a 
careful history of it drawn up by M. Andre (L'lllust. Hortic. 
I.e.), the first living specimen known in Europe belonged 
to Madame Legrelle-d'Hanis, at Berchem, where M. Linden 
saw it in 1 846 with the name Throphrasta imperialis. In 
1849 M. Libon sent living plants to M. de Jonghe at 
Brussels, and later on M. Linden received several hundred 
specimens from his collector, M. Marius Porte ; 'after which 
the plant became common in Europe. M. Linden's 
importation was of seedlings, and amongst these were 
ungerminated seeds which enabled that gentleman to refer 
the plant to the Sapotacece. For a knowledge of its native 
country we are indebted to M. Houillet, of the Jardin de 
Plantes, to which establishment M. Porte sent plants, with 

july 1st. 1885. 

the information that they were from the province of Rio de 
Janeiro. Lastly herbarium specimens in flower and fruit 
were sent to Kew by that most energetic botanist M. 
Glaziou, Director of Public Parks at Rio, which enabled 
Mr. Bentham, when studying the order Sapotacece for the 
Genera Plantarum, to refer the foundling to the essentially 
American genus Chrysophyllum. M. Glaziou gives as the 
precise habitat the Serro da Estrello ; M. Andre gives the 
Mountain of Tijuca in the chain of the Corcovado, which is, 
I believe, part of the Serro da Estrello. 

It is singular that it should have been so long before this 
plant flowered in Europe ; this has occurred only once as 
fas as I am aware, and that is in the Botanical Gardens of 
Queen's College, Cork, where Professor Marcus Hartog, 
D.Sc, F.L.S.,most obligingly sent me a flowering specimen 
in the month of April of last year. This consisted of a 
branch as thick as the middle finger, bearing copious 
clusters of flowers, and leaves a foot and a half long, and 
w r as taken from a specimen twenty feet high. At Kew the 
leaves attain three feet in length and ten inches in breadth. 
The fruit is of about the size of a small apple, obtusely 
five-angled, with a hard thick flesh and five cells (or fewer 
by arrest) ; the base is intruded, the apex mammillary, 
and the peduncle very stout and woody. The seeds are an 
inch long and three-quarters of an inch wide, compressed 
with turgid faces, an acute semicircular margin, and a 
nearly straight ventral one, the latter bearing the narrow 
hilum ; the testa is thick, bony, chestnut-brown, and highly 
polished ; albumen copious, cotyledons thin. — /. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of flowering branch ; 2, aestivation of calyx and corolla ; 
3, tlower; 4, portion of corolla and stamen; 5, anther ; 6, pistil: — all enlarged. 




L Reeve &. G° I on don. 

Tab. 6824. 


Native of the Island of Socotra. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane.33. — Tribe EXACBJR. 
Genus Exacusi, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 803.) 

Exacum affine ; annuum, ereetum, raiimsissimum, niultiflorum, caule terete ramis 
tetragonis, foliis petiolatis ovatis ellipticisve obtusis v. subaeutis 3-5-nerviis, 
floribus pedicellatis parvis iiutintibus 5-meris cceruleis, calyuis lobis aouminatis 
late crasse alatis, corollae lobis elliptico-orbiculatis obtusis, filamentis brevibus, 
antheris lineari-oblongis ad apicem dehiscentibus. 

E. affine, Palf.fil. Diaqn. Plant. Nov. Socotr. pars iii. p. 6; Reqel, Gartenflora, 
1883, p. 34, t. 1108; Wittmark in Gartenzeit. 1881, p. Ill, fig. 28, 29] 
Masters in Gard. Chron. 1884, vol. i. p. 604, fig. 11(5. 

The rocky and to the superficial observer barren Island 
of Socotra in the Arabian Sea has yielded several plants of 
remarkable beauty, notably the Begonia socotrana (Plate 
6555) ; and when the complete botanical account of the 
Island is published by its first explorer, Dr. Balfour, no 
doubt other interesting novelties worthy of introduction 
into our stoves will be made known. Shortly after Dr. 
Balfour's exploration Socotra was visited by the eminent 
African traveller and botanist Dr. Schweinfurth, who also 
made large botanical collections, which he has generously 
entrusted to Dr. Balfour to be incorporated with his own 
for publication, and their joint results are being published 
in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 
Both these investigators found Exacum affine growing 
abundantly on the banks of water-courses. The specimen 
here figured is one of many raised from seeds sent to Kevv 
by Messrs. Haage and Schmidt, of Erfurt, which have con- 
tinued flowering since the middle of April. The introducer 
of the species is Dr. Schweinfurth. 

As a species Exacum affine is allied to several Indian 
ones, notably to E. 'petiolare, Griseb., of "Western India, 
which is an indication of the relationship of the Socotran 
Flora with the Peninsular Indian, as the Begonia is of its 

jult 1st, 1885. 

African affinity. On the other hand, it is perhaps as near 
the Madagascar F. quinquenervium, Griseb., thus showing 
an equivalent relation with that great East African Island. 
As, however, Peninsular India is the head-quarters of the 
genus Exacum, and two species have been detected in 
Socotra, whilst none occur in Arabia or the adjacent coast 
of Africa, and very few indeed in other parts of that 
continent, the Indian affinity of the Socotran Flora in this 
respect must be regarded as fairly established. 

Descr. A glabrous annual, one to two feet high, 
branching copiously from the base, leafy ; stem stout, terete 
below, above and the branches obtusely four-angled. 
Leaves one to one and a half inch long, ovate or elliptic- 
ovate, obtuse or subacute, three- nerved or five-nerved, the 
two lateral nerves being very faint, rather coriaceous, base 
narrowed into a petiole a quarter to half an inch long. 
Flowers very numerous, in the forks of the upper branches, 
or three together at the ends of the branches, inclined or 
nodding. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, with a broad dorsal wing 
semicircular in vertical outline, tips acuminate. Corolla 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, pale 
bright blue, lobes broadly elliptic, almost rounded, subacute. 
Filaments short ; anthers linear-oblong, dehiscing from the 
tip about half-way down. Ovary subglobose ; style long, 
decurved, stigma capitate. Seeds extremely minute, rounded 
and angular, testa chestnut- brown. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and corolla (unfolded) ; 2, portion of corolla with stamens ; 3 and 4, 
ithers ; 5, pistil :— all enlaraed. 


2. "Reeve &. C? London 

Tab. 6825. 

Native of Algeria 

Nat. Ord. Amakyllideje. — Tribe Amarylle^e. 
Genus Narcissus, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 718. 

Narcissus (Hermione) pachybolbus ; bulbo maximo tunicis pluribus brunneis 
membranaceis, foliis 4 linearitms erectis obtusis glaucescentibus subpedalibus 
facie profunde canaliculars, pedunculo ancipiti foliis paulo breviore, umbellis 
8-10-floiis, spatha ovata pedieellis sequilonga, floribus albis suaveolentibus, 
perianthii tubo ultra semipollicari, limbo patulo, segmentis suborbicularibus 
cuspidatis late imbricatis, corona brevi patellseformi, margine integro vel 
crenulato, antberis 3 in tubo inclusis, 3 coronae oram attingentibus. 

N. pacbybolbus, Durieu in ~Duchart. Rev. vol. ii. p. 425 ; Expl. Alger. Atlas, 
tab. 47, fig. 1 ; Walp. Ann. vol. i. p. 83b* ; Kunth Enam. vol. v. p. 742 ; 
Baker in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 1136 ; Burlidge Narciss. p. 51, 82, tab. 39. 

This distinct species of the Tazetta group of Narcissus 
is a native of the province of Oran in Algeria. It is never 
likely to be widely cultivated in English gardens, as it 
flowers in its native country in December and January, and 
is too thoroughly Mediterranean in its climatic requirements 
to be adapted for open-air growth with us. It is distin- 
guished from the other Tazetta forms by its very large 
bulbs, stiffly erect glaucous leaves and small pure white 
fragrant flowers. It was introduced into cultivation about 
twenty years ago by the late Mr. Giles Munby, along with 
the other endemic Algerine Narcissus, Corbularia mono- 
phylla. Our drawing was made from a plant exhibited in 
February last at the Horticultural Society by E. Gr. Loder, 
Esq. It has also flowered under cover at Kew. 

Descb, Bulb globose, one and a half or two inches in 
diameter, with numerous brown membranous tunics, the 
outer opaque, the inner glossy. Produced leaves usually 
four, stiffly erect, linear, obtuse, slightly glaucescent, above 
a foot long, a third or half an inch broad, deeply channelled 
down the face in the lower half. Peduncle compressed, 

july 1st, 1885. 

strongly ribbed on the two faces, rather shorter than the 
leaves. Flowers eight or twelve in an umbel, horizontal or 
drooping, pure white, fragrant ; pedicels an inch or an inch 
and a half long ; spathe ovate, membranous, usually entire, 
as long as the pedicels. Ovary ovoid-trigonous, green; 
perianth-tube subcylindrical, tinged with green, above half 
an inch long; limb spreading horizontally, above half an 
inch in diameter ; segments suborbicular, distinctly cuspi- 
date, much imbricated. Corona patellasform, pure white, 
a quarter of an inch in diameter, entire or crenulate. 
Anthers oblong, bright yellow, three reaching the tip of the 
perianth-tube and three the rim of the corona. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Perianth cut open to show the corona and stamens ; 2, front view of an 
anther; 3, back view of an anther; 4, pistil : — all more or less enlarged. 

68 Z6. 

M. S. deU-KHtiTiik 

Ifinoort Brooks Day 6. Son Imp 

LReevekC? LotlIoil 

Tab. 6326. 
COBYDALIS pallida. 

Natice of China and Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Papaveeace.e. — Sub-order Ftmaries. 
Genus Coetdalts, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 55.) 

Corydalts (capnoides) racemosa ; perennis, caule erecto v. rarius decumbente 
folioso, foliis dtltoideo-ovatis tripinnatiseetis segmentis potymorphis obeunea'is 
oblon^is linearibusve lobatis dentatisve, racetnis multifloris, bracteis pedieellis 
longioribus subulato-lanceolatis v. infimis dilatatis et serratis dentatisve, floribus 
flivis ^-1 poll, longis, sepalis minutis deltoideo-ovatis, petalo postico lineari- 
oblongo obtuso, calcare petalis multo breviore erasso obtuso, capsula polymorpba, 
stjlo filiformi, seruinibus scaberulis v. impresso-punctatis. 

C. pallida, Per.s. 1. c. ; DC. Prodr. 1. c. ; Miguel I.e. 201; Maximov. in Bull. 
Acad. Imp. Sc. Nat. vol. x. p. 49 in ad not. ; Franch et Sav. I.e. vol. i. 
p. 31, ii. p. 276. 

C. heterocarpa, Sieb. et Zucc. in Koen. Ba'er. Ahad. Wissensch. Klass. Math. 
Phys. vol. iv. 2, p. 173. 

C. speciosa, Maxim. Prim. Fl. Amur. p. 39. 

C. Wilfordii, Hegel in Bot. Beis. Badde, vol. i. p. 148 ; Miguel I. c.; Franch. et 
Sav. I. c. vol. i. p. 30, ii. p. 275. 

C. aurea, Willd., var. |3. speciosa, Beg/el Fl. Ussuri, p. 20; Bot. Beis. Badde, 
p. 145 ; Gartevfi. 1861, p. 373, t 343 ; Franch. et Sav. I. c. p. 201 and 275. 

C. aurea, Willd., var. y. pallida, Begel ll.c. 

Sofhoeocatnos pallida, Turcz. in Flora (Bot. Zeit.), vol. xxx. p. 707. 

Ftmabia pallida, Thunb. in Nov. Act. Petrop. vol. xii. p. 133, t. C. 

A widely diffused and very variable native of subtropical 
and temperate Eastern China and Japan, extending from 
the Canton River to the Amur on the mainland, and also 
inhabiting Formosa, Bonin, and the Japan Islands. Besides 
varying greatly, as so many of its congeners do, in sizs and 
number of flowers (one-third to two-thirds of an inch long), 
the capsules present extraordinary differences in length, 
from one-half to one and a half inches in breadth, from 
narrowly to broadly lanceolate (one-eighth to one third of 
an inch broad), straight or falcate, twisted or straight, and 
with one or two rows of seeds ; and a more curious form 
than any other is one (of which the genus Sophorocapnos 
was constituted) in which the pods are like a string of 
beads, each bead containing a single seed, and attached to 

jcly 1st, 1885, 

the next by a slender thread. These differences are so 
great that it is to be regretted that Siebold and Zuccarini's 
name of heterocarpa has not priority. The seeds present 
most puzzling variations; they are usually opaque, and 
clothed with minute asperities, but in some specimens their 
faces are smooth and polished, and in others the asperities 
are replaced by impressed dots on the side and back, exactly 
as in some specimens of the North American G. aurea, 
Willd., with which Regel has united the East Asiatic forms 
as varieties. There is a second Japanese Gorydalis of which 
very little is known, and which may prove to be another 
form of this, the G. racemosa, Pers. [Fumaria racemosa, 
Thunb.), which is figured as having a much smaller flower 
and small bag-like spur. There are in the Kew Herbarium 
specimens conforming to this character in which the pod is 
narrow and sword-shaped, and the seeds not half the size 
and having a few impressed dots only. It may be alluded 
to as a singular fact that the widely-spread genus Fumaria 
has not hitherto been found in Japan. 

G. pallida was raised from seeds collected in the Kow-lun 
Peninsula of China, north of the Canton River, and nearly 
opposite to Hong Kong, by Mr. Ford, Superintendent of 
the Botanical Gardens of the latter Island; these were 
received in September, 1884, and flowered in the herbaceous 
department in March of the present year. 

Desce. A succulent perennial (Maxim.) herb, twelve to 
eighteen inches high, with leafy terete pale reddish-brown 
stem and tripinnatisect leaves rather glaucous beneath. 
Leaflets very variable, oblong obovate or cuneate, variously 
cut into broad or narrow obtuse lobes. Racemes one to five 
inches long, many -fid. ; bracts longer than the pedicel, 
green, subulate or lanceolate, or the lower broader and 
toothed. Sepals very small, triangular-ovate. Corolla one 
inch long, golden yellow, with a pale brown patch towards 
the obtuse tip of the dorsal petal, which is oblong, obtuse, 
and produced behind into an obtuse stout spur half its own 
length. Pod curved, torulose, with a long filiform style 
and stigma of two divaricating lobulate arms. Seeds more 
or less clothed with asperities or punctate, smaller than the 
dimidiate aril. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, sepal ; 3, pistil ; 4, capsule; 5, seed*: — all but fig. 4 enlarged 

68 21 


Vmceul Biocfc Day i SaidmP 

LRefve h C° London. 

Tab. 6827. 

RHODODENDRON nitium, var. fulva. 

Native of Sikhim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Ekicace^;.— Tribe Rhododendre.e. 
Genus Rhododendron, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 599.) 

Rhododendron niveum, Booh. f. Shod. Sikkim Ilimal., Conspect. p. 4, and in 
Journ. Hort. Soc. vii. p. 78 and 93 ; Rook. Bot. Maq. t. 4730 ; Lemaire, 
Jard. Fleur. iv. t. 421 ; Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 466. 

? R. Blumei, Nutt. in Hook. Keio Journ. vol. v. (1853), p. 366. 

Rhododendron sp., Griff 1 . Bin. Notes, i. 185, n. 947. 

Var. fulva, foliis subtus fulvo-tomentosis. 

I have been so frequently asked whether the subject of 
the present plate can really be specifically identical with 
the R. niveum, which is conspicuous for the snow-white 
tomentum of the under-surface of the leaves and petioles, 
that I have had it figured for comparison with the normal 
state of that plant as figured at Plate 4730 of this work. 
It will be seen that, except in the buff clothing of the under- 
side of the leaves and the much deeper coloured and larger 
higher-coloured truss, they do not differ in any appreciable 
degree. The species is remarkable as being almost the only 
one of the Himalayan which has flowers similar in colour 
to R. ponticum (Plate 650), and R. cataivbiense (Plate 1671). 
The nearest to it in this respect is the old R. campanu- 
latum (Plate 3759), which differs from niveum in the broader 
leaves of cinnamon brown colour beneath, in the lax truss 
and toothed calyx, and in the glabrous ovary and capsule ; 
it further differs in the large pale anthers which it shares 
with both the American and the Asia Minor species, those 
of niveum being dark brown. 

The var. fulva is one of the original plants raised from 
seeds sent by me in 1848-9 from Sikkim, and is planted in 
a border bed in the S.W. angle of the Temperate House, 
where it flowered freely annually, and far exceeds in beauty 

jult 1st, 1885. 

the type of the species which is no longer in cultivation in 
that house. 

It is a singular fact, that though the province of Sikkim 
has been thrown open to collectors and travellers for 
upwards of thirty years since the first Rhododendron seeds 
were sent home from its mountains, there has been no 
addition to the number of species found there in 1849. 
These amounted to thirty (or forty, including strongly 
marked varieties published as species), of which more than 
half were new to science, and only three were known in 
cultivation. On the other hand, later collectors have added 
not a few varieties to the known kinds, some of which are 
exceedingly puzzling, notably the form, of B. Falconerl and 
of B. cinnabarum. The journeys of Mr. Booth, collecting 
for the late Mr. Nuttall in the neighbouring country of 
Bhotan, resulted in an addition of eight new kinds, and of 
a number of varieties or forms of the previously discovered 
Sikkim ones. Altogether twenty-seven species are known 
from Bhotan, of which eighteen are natives of Sikkim, and 
one of countries south of Bhotan. Putting these data 
along with the fact that the Bhotan Alps have never been 
explored to a height at which Rhododendrons are found in 
Sikkim, it follows that a rich harvest of the genus remains 
to be garnered in the former country. 

Further east in the Indian Alps the only country whence 
Rhododendrons have been collected is Munnepore, which 
has been visited botanically by Dr. Watt alone. That inde- 
fatigable collector found many species there, from seeds of 
which a number of young plants are being reared at Kew ; 
but judging from the dried specimens that accompanied 
the seeds, these seem to be for the most part, if not wholly, 
either Bhotan species or forms of them. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and ovary ; 3, folds at base of corolla ; 3, anther : — all enlarged. 



VinceitlBrooksDaw &. Son htk 

Tab. 6828. 
allium giganteum. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace-E.— Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 802. 

Allium (NLolium) giganteum ; bulbo globoso maximo, foliis 6-9 basalibus loratis 
flaccidis glaueescetitibus sesquipedalibus margine glabris, scapo validu tereti 
3-4-pedali, floribus permultis parvis lilacinis in umbellam globosam m^nam 
aggregatis, spathae valvis 2 ovatis cuspidatis, pedicellis strictis elongatis, 
perianthii segmentis oblanceolato-oblongis obfcusis flore expanso patulis, sttmi- 
nibus periantbio sesquilongioribus, Jilamentis subulatis deorsuui lanceolatis 
basi brevissime coalitis, ovario depresso-globoso breviter stipitato, stylo subulate 

A. giganteum, Regel in Gartenflora, vol. xxxii. (1883), p. 96, t. 1113 ; Descr. 
Plant. Nov. fasc. ix. p. 23. 

A. elatum, Regel Descr. PL Nov. fasc. ix. p. 23, 25, t. 20, figs, g, h, i et k. 

This is the most striking species of a group of Alliums 
which inhabit Central Asia, characterized by their tall 
stature, broad leaves, small lilac flowers, and exserted 
stamens. It was supposed by Dr. Regel to be a native of 
the Himalayas, but that is a mistake. At the instigation 
of Mr. Frank Miles, the well-known explorer and war 
correspondent O'Donovan, who was killed in Egypt, 
collected a number of bulbs on his adventurous expedition 
to Merv, the account of which has lately been reprinted 
in book form. It was from these bulbs, given by Mr. 
Miles direct, and also by Max Leichtlin to Dr. Regel, that 
the specimens were derived from which the plant was 
originally named and figured. I think there can be no 
question, now we know this, that Allium elatum, collected 
by Dr. Albert Regel in the Khanate of Baldschuan, is 
really the same species. Our own drawing was made from 
a plant that flowered in the herbaceous ground at Kew in 
June, 1883, the bulb of which was given to us also by 
Max Leichtlin. It flowered also with Mr. Frank Miles at 

august 1st, 1885. 

Bingham, and a beautiful coloured drawing, which was 
made from his plant by Mrs. Miles, is now lying before me. 
Descr. Bulb globose, two or three inches in diameter. 
Leaves six to nine, springing from the very base of the 
peduncle, lorate, flaccid, glaucescent, glabrous on the 
margin, withered at the tip by the time the plant is in 
flower, a foot and a half long, two inches broad at the 
middle. Peduncle terete, glaucous, stiffly erect, three or 
four feet long. Flowers very numerous, forming a dense 
globose umbel four inches in diameter ; spathe-valves two, 
membranous, ovate, cuspidate, soon falling. Perianth 
bright lilac, one-fifth of an inch long ; segments oblanceo- 
late-oblong, obtuse, spreading widely when the flower is 
fully expanded. Stamens half as long again as the 
perianth-segments ; filaments subulate, connected in a 
short collar at the very base and lanceolate above it ; 
anthers minute, oblong. Ovary depresso-globose ; style 
subulate, a quarter of an inch long. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, The whole plant, much reduced in size; 2, a single flower; 3, front 
view of an anther; 4, back view of an anther; 5, the pistil: — all more or less en- 



lucent Brooks Day ^Sonlmp 

L "Reeve Sl C? Xaadon. 

Tab. 6829. 

SISYRINCHIUM fjlifolkjm. 

Native of Fiicgia and the Falkland Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Ibide-E. — Tribe Sisybinohie-E. 
Genus Sisybinchium, Linn.; {Benin, et SooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. C9S.) 

SiSTniNcniUM (Androsolen) filifolium; perenne, caulibus fastigiatis simplicibus 
teretibus striatis basi foliosis, apice in apatbam elongatam erectam prodiK-tis, 
foliis radicalibus filifonnibus caulem aBquantibus brevioribusve, fascicuiis 
florum sessilibus v. pedunculitis 2-6-floris, perianthii segmentis subaequalibus 
obovatis albis roseo-venosis basi aureis, fiJamentis in tubum inflatuni moua- 
delpbis apicibus liberie, capsula globosa membranaceo-coriaeea, semiuibus 
obovoideis, testa reticulata. 

S. filifolium, Gaud, in Ann. Sc. Nat. vol. v. p. 101, et in Freyc. Toy. Hot. p. 133 ; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris; vol. iv. p. 601; Hook f. Fl. Anta >•<■/. 

p. 352, t. 120 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xvi. p. 110. 
S. Gaudichaudii, Dietr. Sp. PI. vol. ii. p. 505. 

The Falkland Islands, where this plant abounds, are 
amongst the bleakest spots on the globe, considering their 
latitude and abundant moisture ; no tree grows on them, 
and the only shrub that attains a few feet in height is the 
well-known Veronica decussata of our greenhouses, and 
that is confined to a limited area of the western of the 
two great islands. Nor is the herbaceous vegetation very 
varied or luxuriant, for of attractive plants for horticultural 
purposes I remember but three, the subject of this plate, 
the Calceolaria F other gillii (Plate 348), and the lovely 
Oxalis enneaphylla, lately figured (at Plate 6256) in this 
work. The Oxalis adorns the rocky shores of the islands, 
but the Sisyrinchium rears its head from out of the 
heather-like masses of crowberry (Empetrum nigrum, var. 
rubrum) which cover the ground, exposing its lovely white 
bells to the bitter blasts from over the Antarctic ice. It 
also grows, but very locally, on the adjacent American 
coast of Tierra del Fuego, and is closely allied to a West 
American species, the 8. Nuno, Bert., of Chili, which is a 
much smaller and more slender plant, with flowers not 
half the size, and a filiform tip to the spathe. In the 

august 1st, 1885. 

" Flora Antarctica " the filaments are figured as free, and 
described as almost so, whilst those of the specimen now- 
represented are monadelphous nearly to the top. On 
re-examining some native specimens, I find them to be 
united even higher up, and the anthers to be much larger 
than in the cultivated plant. They possibly vary in amount 
of cohesion. 

For the opportunity of figuring this pretty plant I am 
indebted to Mr. Burbidge, of the Botanic Gardens, Trinity 
College, Dublin, who received its roots in a sod of Lomaria 
alpina, collected in the Falkland Islands by Mrs. Brandon, 
and flowered it in April last. Its familiar name in the 
colony is the " Pale Maiden." 

Desce. Densely tufted ; roots of long slender fleshy 
fibres. Stem six to twelve inches high, slender, green, 
erect, unbranched, ending in a foliaceous compressed 
lanceolate spathe two to three inches long, and produced 
into an erect point. Leaves as long as or shorter than 
the stem, linear, three-channelled, grass-green. Flowers 
two to six in a cluster, inclined or nodding, each with a 
lanceolate spathe at the base of the filiform pedicels, which 
are one inch long or less. Perianth from one-half to 
nearly an inch in diameter, broadly subcampanulate ; 
segments subequal, obovate, obtuse or refuse, white with 
three pink veins, and a yellow patch at the base. Stamens 
three, their filaments connate into a membranous flagon- 
shaped body with free tips ; anthers linear-oblong, yellow. 
Ovary turbinate; style short, with three arms that are 
slightly dilated at the top. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Outer, and 2, inner perianth-segments ; 3, ovary anl stamens; 4 and 5, 
anthers ; 6, style and its arms :— all enlarged. 



VmcetitBrooks Day &. Son.ii? 

IlWe & C 1 ? London. 

Tab. 6S30. 
DELPHINIUM cashmirianum, var. Walkert. 

Native of Kashmir. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculace^:. — Tribe HellebohejE. 
Genus Delphinium, Linn. ; (Beitth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 9.) 

Delphinium cashmirianum, Boyle III. Bot. Himctl. p. 55, t. 12 ; JTook.f. et 
Thorns. Fl. Ind. p. 52 (excl. syn. D. Jacquemontianum) ; Hook, f. Fl. Brit, 
hid. vol. i. p. 26 ; Bot. Mag. t. 6189. 

Var. Walkeri; humilis, pilis albidis patentibus hirsuta, caule perbrevi folioso, 
foliis gracile petiolatis orbiculatis 5-7-lobatis lobis crenatis crenis apiculatis, 
floribus apicem versus caulis subumbellatis longe gracile pedicellatis laxe 
hirsutis pallide cseruleis, petalis sordide flavis. 

The Western Himalayan Larkspurs are a most puzzling 
group, and I find it exceedingly difficult to distinguish 
all states of D. vestitum, Wall., from some of those of 
D. cashmirianum, and this again from D. Brunonianum 
and D. viscosum. The glandular hairs of the two latter in 
their normal state afford a marked character which the 
two former do not exhibit, and in their fresh state they 
emit a powerfully fetid musky odour ; but the amount of 
hairiness of all Larkspurs varies extremely, as does the 
degree of viscidity and odour of the musky species; so 
that it is not at all improbable that these latter will prove 
to be high alpine states of the scentless ones. Indeed 
the tendency of plants to become viscid and strongly 
scented with elevation is a striking characteristic of the 
Himalayan Flora, as exhibited in the Rhododendrons and 
other genera. The plant here figured was raised by Mrs. 
Walker, of Chace Cottage, Enfield, from seeds sent from 
Eawul Pindi, in the Western Himalaya, by her son, Col. 
Walker, and it was kindly sent to Kew by that lady for 
examination. It has been carefully compared by Professor 
Oliver and myself with the figures and descriptions of 
D. cashmirianum, and with the copious suites of specimens 
of that plant in the Kew Herbarium, with the result that 
whilst not corresponding with anything figured or known, 
it presents no character of sufficient importance to warrant 

august 1st, 1885. 

its being regarded as a different species. The original 
figure and description of D. cashmirianum in Royle's 
" Botany of the Himalaya Mountains" represent a slender 
hirsute plant, with flowers of the same size and form of 
that here figured, but with more sharply-cut leaves and 
more racemose flowers with pale blue petals. The only 
other figure of this species is that given at Plate 6189 of 
this work, which represents a nearly glabrous plant, with 
the leaves of Royle's, but more corymbose larger violet- 
blue flowers with black and green petals. In the Herbarium 
there is every intermediate between glabrous and hirsute 
stem-leaves and flowers, and between sharp and obtuse 
lobes of the leaf, but the inflorescence is always more or 
less corymbose, as in Mr. Walker's plant, which distin- 
guishes cashmirianum from vestitum, in which the flowers 
form a strict erect elongate raceme. 

A further presumption in favour of var. Walheri being 
an abnormal form is seen in the condition of some of the 
uppermost and floral leaves, which are reduced to small 
ovate or ovate-cordate long-petioled three-nerved blades, 
only half an inch long, quite entire or obscurely lobed at 
the side. I find no organs like these in any other species 
of the genus ; they are, no doubt, altered states of the 
bracts, which Royle figures as oblong and sessile. Lastly, 
though I find no specimen of D. cashmirianum with an 
abbreviated leafy many-flowered stem like that of this 
variety, almost stemless solitary-flowered specimens occur. 

Mr. Walker has been good enough to send to Kew living 
plants of another Himalayan Larkspur, which differs from 
this and from the normal forms of D. cashmirianum in the 
pentagonal five-lobed leaves, and which, if it prove sufficiently 
distinct from those previously figured, will find a place in 
this work. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Petals; 2, stamens : — both enlarged. 



Proote Day & Sonlith. 

Tab. 6831. 

A. EUCHARIS Masteesii. 
B. EUCHARIS Sanderh, var. multiflora. 

Natives of New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Amaetllide^. — Tribe Amaetlle^;. 
Genus Euchaeis, Planch. ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 731.) 

Eucharis Mastersii ; bulbo globoso, foliis petiolatis ovatis acutis viridibus glabris 
venis curvatis 15-16-jugis, scapo gracili tereti, umbellis paucifloris, spatba) 
valvis parvis lanceolatia, pedicellis brevissimis, ovario oblongo-trigono, perianthii 
tubo sursum infundibulare deoi'sum cylindrico, limbo patulo tubo duplo breviori, 
segmentis ovatis late imbricatis, cyatbi striis luteo-viridulis margine libero 
angusto inter filamentos dentibus 2 deltoideis praedito, antheris parvis versa- 
tilibus, stylo statuinibus eminente apice stigmatoso incrassato triloDato. 

This new Eucharis, which at the request of the im- 
porters, Messrs. F. Sander and Co., of St. Albans, has 
been named after Dr. Masters, F.R.S., is intermediate 
between the two finest species already known, E. grandiflora, 
Planch, et Lind. (Plate 4971) (amazonica, Hort.), and E. 
Sanderii, Baker (Plate 6676). It has entirely the same 
habit and leaf, and the same large pure white perianth- 
limb, but is different from both of them in the staminal 
cup (often, but improperly, called a corona), of which the 
free portion in the present plant forms a narrow but united 
collar-like rim to the perianth-tube, with two deltoid teeth 
between the base of each filament. Our drawing was made 
from specimens sent by the importers, with whom it 
flowered in the month of February of the present year. 

Descr. Bulb globose, one and a half or two inches in 
diameter. Leaves distinctly petioled, oblong, acute, just 
like those of E. grandiflora and Sanderii in shape and 
texture, eight or ten inches long, four or five inches broad, 
bright green on the upper surface, pale green beneath, 
with fifteen or sixteen curved veins on each side between 
the midrib and margin. Scape slender, glaucous, terete, 
under a foot long. Umbel two-flowered in the specimen 

AUGUST 1st, 1885. 

drawn ; pedicels very short ; valves of the spathe small, 
green, lanceolate. Ovary green, oblong-trigonous. Perianth- 
tube two or two and a half inches long, cylindrical in the 
lower two-thirds, infundibuliform in the upper third, with a 
throat half an inch in diameter ; limb pure white, three inches 
in diameter; segments ovate, much imbricated. Staminal 
cup striped with green, adnate to the tube of the perianth 
except a narrow collar-like rim, which has a couple of 
deltoid teeth between each filament. Style reaching nearly 
to the tip of the perianth- segments, thickened and obtusely 
three-lobed at the stigmatose apex. 

E. Sanderii, Bot. Mag. f tab. 6676, proves to vary con- 
siderably in the size and number of the flowers and the 
colour of the stripes of the staminal cup, which in this 
species is entirely adnate to the tube of the perianth except 
the marginal teeth. In the form figured on the lower 
left-hand corner of the present plate there are five or six 
flowers, considerably smaller than those of the type, and 
the stripes of the staminal cup are green. This also was 
imported by Messrs. F. Sander and Co. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Anthers of E. Mastersii; 2, tip of its style -.—both much enlarged. 



nt Brooks Day& Sonhth 

IReeve &.C° London. 

Tab. 6832. 
ALPINIA? pumila. 

Native of Eastern China. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^:.— Tribe Zingibebeje. 
Genus Alpinia, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI, vol. in. p. 648.) 

Alpinia? pumila; humilis, acaulis, surculis vaginatis, rhizomate repente, foliis 
petiolatis ellipticis elliptico-ovatisve acuminatis striato-nervosis petiolo in 
vaginam angustam elongatam longiorem producto, scapo petiolo multo breviore, 
bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis vaginato robusto flexuoso densifloro sericeo- 
pubescente, floribus parvis spicatis, bracteis 2-3-floris oblongis calycis tubo 
obscure 3-lobo villoso brevioribus, corollse parvse tubo vix exserto, segmento 
postico oblongo obtuso fornicato lateralibus consimilibus, staminodiis subulato- 
lanceolatis erectis, labello oblongo recurvo obtuso alborubro venoso, marginibus 
grosse crenatis, filamento exserto latiusculo, connectivo dorso papilloso ultra 
loculos lineari-oblongos vix producto obtuso, stigmate clavellato truncato 

A very remarkable little scitamineous plant, which I fail 
to refer satisfactorily to any published genus of the order. 
It differs from all described species of Alpinia in the 
scapigerous inflorescence, which is not terminal as in that 
genus, but on a separate short scape as in the section 
Geanthus of Amomum, in Elettaria, &c. It differs from 
both these genera in the form of the anthers and in the 
long filaments, and is probably either the type of a new 
genus, or of a new section of Alpinia which would then 
contain plants with both terminal and radical inflorescence, 
as is the case in Amomum. 

Alpinia pumila is a native of the Lo-fan-shan Mountains 
on the coast of China, nearly opposite the Island of Hong 
Kong, where it was discovered by Mr. Chas. Ford, Super- 
intendent of the Hong Kong Gardens, whence he trans- 
mitted live plants to Kew in 1883, which flowered in April 
of the present year in a stove. 

Descr. Rootstoch creeping, underground, as thick as a 
goose-quill, pale yellow, slightly aromatic, but not pungent ; 
shoots clothed with brown obtuse imbricating membranous 
sheaths nearly an inch long. Leaves two or three together, 

AUGUST 1st, 1885. 

erect from the rootstock; blade four to six inches long, 
elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, rather coriaceous, 
green with whitish stripes between the nerves, of which 
there are six to eight pairs stronger than the others, but 
all are very fine and close ; under surface a paler green ; 
petiole two to four inches long, grooved above, upper 
portion erect, much shorter than the sheathing lower 
portion which terminates above in two small auricles. 
Scape or flowering stem springing directly from the root- 
stock at the base of leaves, with the inflorescence about 
two inches long, stout, flexuous, green, tomentosely pubes- 
cent above, furnished with several scarious brown sheathing 
bracts, the lower of which are elliptic-lanceolate and nearly 
an inch long. Flmvers about an inch long, in a short 
rather dense spike, about two to each bract, quite sessile, 
suberect; lower bracts longer than the flower, upper 
shorter. Calyx tubular, rather dilated above and three- 
lobed at the truncate mouth, bright red, pubescent. 
Corolla-tube shortly exserted, two dorsal and lateral lobes 
subequal, oblong, obtuse, concave, very pale pink ; lip as 
long as the lateral lobes, recurved or almost revolute, broadly 
ovate with incurved deeply crenate sides and an erect 
subulate-lanceolate staminode on each side at the base, 
nearly white with broad bright red veins. Filament as long 
as the dorsal segment of the corolla, broad, concave in 
front; anther of two linear-oblong parallel cells free at 
their tips above and below ; connective thickened and 
glandular at the back, produced very shortly beyond the 
anther-cells into a rounded tip. Ovary silkily tomentose, 
green, subglobose, completely three-celled; ovules many, 
biseriate in each cell ; style slender, stigma clavellate, trun- 
cate, top ciliate round the edge. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary and calyx, with corolla in bud ; 2, lip and staminodes ; 3, anther ; 
4, ovary and inner staminodes ; 5, stigma ; 6, transverse section of ovary : — all 


Vincent BrooVs "Day & SflD Jmp 

Tab. 6833. 
ANTHURIUM Glaziovii. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Aboide^:. — Tribe Okontie^:. 
Genus Anthubittm, Sohott; [Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 998.) 

Antsttrium (Pachyneurum) Glaziovii; acaule, foliorum lamina bipedali obovato- 
v. oblanceolato-oblonga crasse coriacea plana basi angustata et in geniculum 
brevem attenuata apice obtusa, costa crassa dorso 3-carinata, nervis priraariis 
utrinque ad 10 erecto-patentibus nervo marginali interrupto, petiolo teretius- 
culo lamina ter brev'wre antice canaliculato, genieulo pollicari teretiusculo, 
pedunculo petiolo 2-3-plo longiore tereti luride virescente rubro-purpureo 
irrorato, spatha 7-pollicari lineari-oblonga, marginibus breviter decurrentibus 
intus rubro-purpurea extus luride viridi demum horizontaliter patente et torta, 
spadice 8-pollicari breviter stipitato subgracili a basi ad apicem attenuate 
luride purpureo, floribus minutis, perianthii segmentis 4 quadratis truncatis, 
filamentis brevibus latis, antheris oblongis, ovario turbinato, stigmate nigro. 

Mr. N. E. Brown, whose knowledge of the Aroidece is 
extensive and profound, has been good enough to aid me 
in the comparison of this plant both with the species in 
the Gardens and Herbarium at Kew, and the descriptions 
of Schott and Engler, and we are reluctantly obliged to 
consider it undescribed. I have, therefore, given it the 
name of the indefatigable botanist who sent it to Kew, M. 
Glaziou, the Director of Public Parks and Gardens at Rio 
de Janeiro. It belongs to the section Pachyneurum, of 
Schott, which in Engler' s " Monograph of Araceae " contains 
about seventeen species, most of them natives of Eastern 
tropical America from Mexico to Guiana. One alone is 
described as Brazilian, the A. affine, Schott. It is a near 
ally of A. Glaziovii, but this differs in the terete knee at 
the top of the petiole, in the peduncle not being at all 
keeled, in the spathe not being produced into a long point, 
and in the spadix being attenuated upwards from the base, 
and not cylindric. 

A. Glaziovii was sent to Kew in 1880, with no note as to 
its exact habitat, which is only presumably Rio de Janeiro ; 
though as amongst M. Glaziou's Brazilian contributions 

sept. 1st, 1885. 


there are sundry inhabitants of other countries, it may well 
be that this is one of them. It is a noble species, and much 
handsomer than A. crassinervium or affine. It flowered 
first in June, 1881. 

Desce. Stemless. Leaves four or five, suberect, dark 
shining green, not glaucous beneath ; blade narrowly oblong- 
obovate or -oblanceolate, obtuse or subacute, thickly coria- 
ceous, flat ; base shortly narrowed into the knee at the top 
of the petiole ; midrib very stout, convex above, three-keeled 
at the back ; principal nerves about ten pair, erecto-patent, 
very strong, irregularly connected into an obscure inter- 
rupted intermarginal nerve ; secondary nerves reticulated, 
faint above except when dry ; petiole one-third the length 
of the blade or less, subcylindric, of a dirty yellowish green, 
with short red-brown streaks. Spathe seven inches long 
by about one broad, linear-oblong, acuminate, shortly de- 
current on the peduncle, dirty green externally, dull vinous 
purple within, spreading horizontally and twisted in age. 
Spadix erect, very shortly stoutly stipitate, eight inches 
long by three-quarters of an inch in diameter at the base, 
gradually tapering from the base to the obtuse tip, of a 
fine vinous purple colour spotted with the black stigmas. 
Floivers minute, densely packed ; perianth- segments four, 
nearly square in outline and triangular in section, about 
one-twelfth of an inch long; tips truncate, quite flat. 
Filaments very broad ; anther-cells oblong, half the length 
of the filament. Ovary narrowly turbinate ; stigma cushion- 
shaped, sunk in the top of the ovary. — J". D. R. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of whole plant; 2, section of midrib of leaf ; 3, portion of 
spadix with flowers ; 4, two flowers ; 5 and 6, perianth-segments ; 7 and 8, stamens, 
9, ovary:— all but Jig. 1 enlarged. 




L Reeve & 0° London 

Tab. 6834. 
PENTSTEMON Menziesii, var. Scouleri. 
Native of Norih-West America. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophuxabiace.e.— Tribe Chelone^;. 
Genus Pentstemox, Mitch. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 940.) 

Pentstemon (Eupentstemon) Menziesii; suffruticosus, glaberrimus v. inflores- 
centia partibusque novellis glanduloso-puberulis, f'oliis ovatis oblongis oblanceo- 
latisve integerriuris v. serratis inferioribus breviter petiolatis, floribus racemosis 
v. subpaniculatis 1-2-bracteolatis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis linearibusve acumi- 
natis, corolla erecta 1-2-pollicari infundibukri-tubulosa bilabiata, labio superiore 
2-fido inferiore 3-fido, antheris villosis demum peltatis, loculis brevibus diver- 
gentibus, filamentis sterilibus nudis apice barbatis. 

P. Menziesii, RooJc. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. ii. p. 78 ; Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. 
p. 320. 

Var. Scouleri, foliis lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis acute pauci-serratis corolla 2-pollieari 
violacea. A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. vi. p. 56, and Synopt. Fl. N. 
Am. vol. ii. part 1, p. 260. 

P. Scouleri, Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 1277; Benth in DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 320. 

Though very unlike the ordinary state of P. Menziesii, 
which is a much smaller plant with fewer flowers and much 
broader smaller often obovate or obcuneate leaves, there 
are so many intermediate states between them that it is 
impossible to challenge Asa Gray's decision that they are 
one species ; and indeed there are other forms no less 
distinct from both, as var. Neivberryi, A. Gray, with rose- 
coloured flowers; var. Douglasii, A. Gray (P. crassifolius, 
Lindl. ; Bot. Keg. vol. xxiv. t. 16), with quite entire oblan- 
ceolate leaves, and especially var. Lyallii, A. Gray, with 
linear-lanceolate leaves three to four inches long, and often 
racemose flowers. As is to be expected in a plant having 
so wide a range of variation, P. Menziesii has a corre- 
spondingly wide area of distribution, being found on the 
lofty Sierras of Western North America, from the sources 
of the Fraser River in British Columbia, southward to middle 
California ; and from the sea-level at Nootka Sound, where 
it was discovered by Archibald Menzies, to an elevation of 
8000 feet on the Sierra Nevada, where I have gathered it 

sept". 1st, 1885. 

in company with Dr. Gray in the Yosemite Valley, and on 
Mount Shasta. The var. Scouleri is the more exclusively 
northern form, but the dwarf small and broad-leaved type 
occurs as far north as any. It is a beautiful plant, the 
seeds of which were sent from the Cambridge (Massachu- 
setts) Botanical Gardens. It flowered in the month of 
May, and is perfectly hardy. 

Descr. A herb, or almost an undershrub, one to two 
feet high, glabrous except the sparsely glandular-hairy tips 
of the young shoots and inflorescence ; branches cylindric, 
terete, dark brown. Leaves one to two inches long, opposite, 
usually oblanceolate, acute or acuminate, coriaceous, sharply 
toothed or quite entire, the upper sessile, the lower narrowed 
into a short petiole ; nerves obscure. Flowers two inches 
long, pale violet-blue, shortly pedicelled, axillary and 
running out into leafy racemes, or the lower paniculate ; 
pedicels a quarter of an inch long, one- to two-bracteate 
under the flower. Sepals subulate-lanceolate, acuminate, 
one-third of an inch long. Corolla straight, between 
funnel - shaped and tubular, tube rather compressed, 
shallowly grooved or ribbed ; mouth oblique, two-lipped, 
one and a half inch in diameter ; lips undulate, upper erect 
two-lobed, lower spreading three-lobed, lobes rounded, 
sub-crenate. Stamens included, anthers clothed with long 
hairs, at length peltate; cells short, diverging, barren 
filaments with a terminal tuft of hair. Ovary linear-oblong, 
sparsely glandular towards the tip.—/. P. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, bracts and style; 2, base of corolla and stamens; 3, anther; 
4, ovary:— all enlarged. 




IBeeve &CP London. 

Tab. 6S35. 

ARCTOTIS aureola (upper figure). 

ARCTOTIS revoluta (lower figure). 

Natives of the Cape of Good Hope, 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Abctotide^:. 
Genus Abctotis, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 458.) 

Abctotts aureola; erecta v. decumbens, ramosa, niveo-lanata, foliis sessilibus 
oblongis obovato-oblongisve sinuato-pinnatiiidis, lobis oblongis v. late ovatis 
apice rotundatis integris v. sublobatis supra lcete viridibus, basi auriculatis 
auriculis lobatis, pedunculis lanatis et minutissirue glanduloso- pilosis, capitulis 
3-4£ poll, latis aureis aurantiacisve, involucri glabriusculi late hemispherici 
squamis late oblongis apice rotundatis viridibus nigro-limbatis, extimis linea- 
ribus recurvis, intimis scariosis, ligulis 2-seriatis obtusis, floribus disci aureis, 
stigraatibus piceis, acbeniis lanatis, pappi squamis lineari-oblongis interioribus 
duplo niajoribus. 

A. aureola, Ker in Bot. Reg. t. 32. 

A. aspera, Linn., var. y. aureola, DC. Prodr. vol. vi. p. 488. 

A. aspera, Linn., var. e. undulata, Berg.; Harv. Fl. Cap. vol. iii. p. 453. 

The genus Arctotis promises to be a puzzle to systematic 
botanists and horticulturists, and until a good many more 
of its forms are in cultivation it is impossible to define the 
species with any approach to confidence. The larger 
orange-yellow species here figured was obtained by Mr. 
Lynch at the Cambridge Botanical Gardens, under the 
name of A. speciosa, Jacq., a stemless very different-looking 
plant, figured at Plate 2182 of this work (and referred to 
A. acaulis, Linn., by De Candolle and Harvey). It was 
sent to Kew and examined by Prof. Oliver, who recognized 
it as A. aureola, Ker, a very old inhabitant of European 
gardens, though long since gone out of cultivation ; and 
the question arises as to the name that A. aureola should 
bear ; for according to its author, Ker, it is the A. undulata 
of Gaertner, whereas De Candolle makes it a distinct variety 
(v. aureola) of A. aspera, Linn., in which he is followed by 
Harvey in the " Flora Capensis," who, however, takes the 
name of undulata for the variety, and combines with it the 
A. cuprea, Jacquin. Now A. aspera is a half-shrubby 

sept. 1st, 1885. 

hispid and scabrous plant, very variable in foliage, 
differing according to Ker (and this is borne out by the 
Cambridge specimen) in this respect of scabridity, in the 
want of subulate or acicular shaggy outer scales of the 
involucre, and in the larger and differently coloured flowers. 
There are no doubt all characters of degree, as an examina- 
tion of a suite of Herbarium specimens of A. aspera shows ; 
but if they are not taken into account, and if A. aureola is 
to be merged in A. aspera, so must not a few other species 
of the genus. 

Mr. Lynch points out that his plant differs from the type 
figured in the Register in being weak and straggling instead 
of stiff and erect, and that unlike A. aureola it strikes freely 
from cuttings, on which account he suggests that it should 
bear some distinctive name ; but I think it would be inex- 
pedient to found varieties of exotic plants grown in gardens 
on such characters, and in the present chaotic state of the 
genus Arctotis, it is very undesirable to multiply names ; 
and all the more in this case, because the genus is not, and 
never will be, an established one in the gardens of this 
country, the plants not being long-lived, and requiring 
favourable seasons for their full development out of doors. 

Mr. Lynch's specimens were received from Mr. Max 
Leichtlin, of Baden-Baden, and flowered in April last. The 
flowers were exceptionally fine, and this is attributed by 
Mr. Lynch to grafting on the more robust A. asjpera, var. 
arborescens (see Plate 6528) ; it may, however, be suspected 
that the hot season may have had more effect than this. 

A. revoluta, Jacq., also a Cape plant, of which a head is 
figured on the plate, was received from Mr. Lynch with the 
above ; in white cottony clothing, and the form, &c, of the 
leaves, it closely resembles A. aureola, but the outer 
involucral scales are much narrower, with tomentose tips, 
and the others have no black border. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower of ray ; 2, outer and inner pappus scale of ditto ; 3, style arms of 
ditto ; 4, flower of disk ; 5, tip of petal ; 6, anther ; 7, style arms : — all enlarged. 


-/e &_C?landon. 

Tab. 6836. 

Native of Assam. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Arecine.e. 

Genus Didymospebma, Wendl. and Drude ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. 
vol. iii. p. 917.) 

Didymospebma nanum ; palma 1-3-pedalis, erecta, caudice a basi folioso, foliis 
suberectis petiolatis pinnatis, pinnis 2-3 jugis suboppositis sessilibus cuneato- 
obovatis v. oblongis inaequaliter lobatis spinuloso-eroso-dentatis, basi cuneata 
integerrima, terminali latiore sa?pe 2-fida, supra glabris flabellatim striato- 
nervosis, subtus glaucescentibus glabris v. costa tenuiter furfuracea, petiolo 
elongato gracili, vagina elongata rete tenui ferrugineo-furfuracea, spadicibus 
axillaribus simplicibus furcatisve erectis, pedunculo brevi spathis subdistichis 
imbricatis oblongis obtusis furfuraceis tecto, floribus dense spicatis albis, (J 
oblongis sepalis orbiculatis membranaceis, petalis oblongis obtusis concavis 
valvatis, staminibus ad 14, filamentis brevibus, fl. $ subglobosis, sepalis late 
ovatis, petalis triangulari-ovatis crasse coriaceis valvatis, stigmatibus minutis 
sessilibus, fructu oblique oblongos obtusos 1-spermos, embryone dorsali. 

D. nanum, Wendl. and Drude, in Kerchov. de Denterg., Les Pahniers, p. 243. 

Wallichia (Orania) nana, Griff, in Calc. Journ. Nat. Hist. vol. v. p. 488 ; Mart. 
Hist. Nat. Palm. p. 190, t. 315. 

Haeina nana, Griff. Palm. Brit. Ind. p. 176, t. 238, A, B. 

"With the exception of some Madagascar species oiDypsis, 
and South American Chamccdoreas, and perhaps Geonomas, 
this is the dwarfest Palm I can recall to mind, rarely ex- 
ceeding two feet in height. It is, however, for its size far 
more robust than the plants mentioned above, and having 
none of the grace of the order to which it belongs, it is 
unsuited for decorative purposes. Didymosperma, as a 
genus, consists of six or seven species, all from transgan- 
getic India and the Malay Islands. They are separated 
from Wcdlicliia by their short three-cleft calyx and numerous 
stamens. One species, D. distichum, differs from almost all 
other Palms in having distichous leaves terminating a tall 
caudex like that of Bavenalia ; the rest are, as far as is 
known, chiefly dwarf. There is a species very like D. nanum, 
apparently undescribed, found at Perak in the Malayan 
Peninsula, differing in the quite glabrous sheaths and 
petioles, which are more slender; the leaflets suddenly 

sept. 1st, 1885. 

terminate in long points, and the fruit is globose. D. nanum 
is a native of the Assam Valley, where it was discovered by- 
Major Jenkins nearly half a century ago, and sent by him 
to Griffith when in charge of the Calcutta Botanical 
Gardens ; it has since been found by several collectors, and 
by myself in the same valleys at the northern base of the 
Khasia Hills. The specimen here figured was received 
from Dr. King, of the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, in 1874, 
and flowers annually in the winter months. 

Desce. A dwarf robust Palm, two to three feet high, 
with furfuraceous rusty pubescence on the leaf-sheaths, 
petioles and spathes. Stem short, clothed with leaf-sheaths. 
Leaves one to two feet long, pinnate, glabrous above, rather 
glaucous beneath ; leaflets one to three pair with an odd 
one, subopposite, sessile, seven to ten inches long by three 
to five inches broad, cuneately obovate or oblong, acute, 
rounded or truncate, irregularly transversely cut or lobed, 
finely sharply irregularly toothed, except the quite entire 
cuneate base, midrib strong, lateral nerves very slender, 
flabellate; oblong thickenings occur on the under-surface 
at the very base of the pinnules between the nerves ; terminal 
pinnule broader, often bifid or bipartite ; petiole long, slender; 
sheath long with fibrous margins. Spadix of male and female 
stout, quite erect, simple or forked once or twice, the branches 
erect; spathes imbricate, concealing the stout peduncle, 
oblong, obtuse, concave, the upper often two-fid. Flowers 
densely crowded on a stout rachis ; male about a quarter 
of an inch long, buds oblong obtuse, stamens numerous, 
included ; female larger, one-third of an inch in diameter, 
globose, with broader calyx and corolla ; ovary trigonously 
globose; stigmas very minute. Fruit oblong, about half 
an inch long, white. Seed solitary. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Underside of base of leaflet ; 2, female flower seen from above ; 3, the 
same seen sideways ; 4, ovary ; 5, section of ditto : — all enlarged. 



Vincent. Broo"ks,Day & : 

IP.eeve&C? London. 

Tar. 6837. 
PRIMULA Auricula. 

Native of Central Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Pkimtlace/E. — Tribe Pkimtjle^:. 
Genus Pkimula, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. G31.) 

Pkimula Auricula; rhizomate crasso elongato fibris radiealibus c}-lindricis elon- 
gatis,foliis pluribus rosulatis sessilibusobovato-cuneatisglabris vel pubescentibus, 
utrinque plus minus farinosis margine pallidis farinosis integris vel superne 
crenatis, pedunculo foliis eminente glabro vel superne pubeseente, umbellis 
3-20-floris, bracteis minutis ovatis, pedicellis catyce longioribus, calyce cam- 
panulato segmentis ovatis obtusis tubo 2-3-plo brevioribus, corollse lutea) tubo 
infundibulari, limbi segmentis obovato-cuneatis profunde emarginatis, fructu 
globoso calyce longiori. 

P. Auricula, Linn. Sj). Plant, edit. 2, p. 205 ; Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 415 ; IIoppc in 
Sturm Deutsch. Flora, Pent. Mon. cum ieone ; DO. Ft. Franc, vol. iii. p. 418 ; 
Koch Syn. Fl. Germ. edit. 2, p. 674; Reich. Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. xvii. p. 3 J 
t. 1093, figs. 1, 2 ; Gren. and Godr. Fl. Franc, vol. ii. p. 451. 

P. lutea, Till. Delph. vol. ii. p. 469. 

In view of the interest that is being taken at present in 
Alpine Primulas, and of the exhibition and conference 
which is intended to be held next spring under the auspices 
of the Royal Horticultural Society, it seemed very desirable 
that a figure and full description of Primula Auricula 
should be given in the Botanical Magazine. It is one of 
the most widely spread of all of the species, as it extends 
in a wild state from Dauphine and the Jura on the west 
through Switzerland to Lombardy, the Tyrol, Hungary and 
Transylvania. But although it is so well known to botanists, 
the synonymy as above given being only a small selection 
of the botanical works in which it has been noticed or 
described, yet this typical wild form does not appear to 
have ever been figured in any of the horticultural journals. 
What the relation is of this widely-spread wild type to the 
multiform races of the garden Auricula is a subject that 
still remains to be fully worked out. It evidently both runs 
into varieties and hybridizes freely with several other 
species, both of the Auriculastra and Arthritica groups, but 
the subject is much too wide to be discussed fully now. 

sept. 1st, 1885. 

Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered in the 
rockery at Kew in the course of the present summer. 

Desoe. Rootstoclc nearly as thick as a man's little finger, 
sending out copious whip-like root-fibres. Leaves mauy in 
a rosette, sessile, obovate-cuneate, two or three inches long, 
an inch or an inch and a half broad, glabrous or pubescent, 
more or less farinose on both sides, especially when young, 
cartilaginous and farinose on the margin, entire or crenate 
in the upper third or half. Peduncle longer than the leaves, 
sometimes half a foot long, glabrous or pubescent towards 
the apex. Flowers three to twenty in an umbel, bright 
yellow, fragrant ; bracts minute, ovate, mealy ; pedicels 
half or three-quarters of an inch long. Calyx campanulate, 
nearly one-sixth of an inch long ; segments ovate-oblong, 
obtuse, less than half as long as the tube. Corolla-tube 
narrowly infundibuliform, under half an inch long; limb 
half or three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; segments 
obovate-cuneate, deeply emarginate. Stamens in the short- 
styled form, as drawn, forming a ring below the throat of 
the corolla-tube. Capsule globose, a quarter of an inch 
long and broad. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, corolla, cut open ; 3, an anther ; 4, pistil of short-styled form 
■all more or less enlaraed. 



"Vincent Brooks Day & Sonlmp 

Tab. 6838. 
CHAM.EDOREA Arenbebqiana. 

Native of Guatemala. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Abecine.e. 
Genus ChamjEdorea, Wendl. ; (Bent A. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. in. p. 910.) 

Cham.edoeea (Stephanostachys) Arenbergiana; palma gracilis, cattle erecto 
solitario remote annulato, foliis maximis pinnatis, vaginis longissimis cylin- 
dricis, pinnis multij ugis l-l|-ped dibus e basi lata oblon^o-lanceolatis attenuato- 
acuminatis multicostatis, spathis plurimis 6-10-pollicaribus arete sese appressis 
apicibus erectis lineari-oblon^is obtusis viridibus striatis vaginam pedalera 
efformantibus, spadieibus infra foliaceis, masculis brevissime pedunculatis 
subumbellatim ramosis, pedunculo spathis omnino occluso, ramis effusis 
pedalibus crassitie digiti minoris cylindraceis stramineis, femineis 6-pollicaribus 
simplicibus suberectis femineia paullo crassioribus ; fl. mas. calyce minimo 
3 dentato, corolla3 segraentis orbiculatis concavis convolutivo-imbricatis, 
antberarum loculis brevibus divaricatis, pistillodio columnari obscure 3-lobo ; 
fl. fem. petalis latioribus transverse oblongis concavis, staminodiis 0, ovario 
subgloboso 3-lobo, stigmatibus 3 parvis trigonis acatis. 

Ch. Arenbergiana, Wendl. Lid. Palm. 66. Kerch, de Denterg. Les Palmiers, p. 75, 
fig. 33. 

Ch. latifrons vel latifolia, Hort. 

Spathascaphe Arenbergiana, (Erst. Palm. Centramer. in VidensTc. Meddel. Nat. 
For. Kjobenhav. 1858, p. 30, and L'Amerique cent rale, t. 7, fig. 2D— 37. 

A very elegant Palm, about five and a half feet high, with 
a crown of leaves composed of numerous regularly pinnated 
leaflets. It belongs to the large genus Chamcedorea, which 
has its headquarters in the hot regions of Central America, 
very few being found in the Andean region south of it, or in 
Brazil. G. Arenbergiana is nearly allied to 0. Tepejilote, 
figured at Plate 6030 of this work, but is a much larger 
plant, with broader leaflets, a more exserted male spadix, 
with much longer, thicker and paler branches ; this further 
differs in the distinctly developed calyx and considerably 
larger flowers. 

The Eoyal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Wendland, of 
Herrenhausen, for living plants of this beautiful Palm, 
which were received in 1879 ; it flowers in the month of 

Dbsgr. Oaudex five and a half feet high, green, ringed at 
oct. 1st, lys-5. 

intervals of two inches. Leaves five to six, erecto-patent, 
pinnate, six to seven feet long ; petiole slender, with a long 
cylindric sheath ; leaflets about ten to fifteen pair, drooping, 
one to one and a half feet long, alternate, oblong-lanceolate 
from a broad sessile base, gradually narrowed to a very fine 
point, plicate with about thirty ribs, bright green above, 
rather pale beneath ; petiole nearly terete. Inflorescence from 
below the leaves. Spatkes many, sheathing, cylindric, six to 
ten inches long, forming a tube a foot long, which completely 
conceals the peduncle of the spadix, lightly rolled together 
with subacute erect tips, the uppermost far exceeding the 
spadix, green, or the lower brown. Male spadix subumbel- 
lately branched within the spathes, the branches effuse, 
pendulous, a foot long and as thick as the little finger, 
cylindric, pale straw-coloured, dense-flowered, terminated 
by the naked subulate tip. Floivers about one-sixth of an 
inch diameter; calyx very short, three-toothed; corolla- 
lobes rounded, concave, fleshy ; stamens six, filaments very 
thick, anther-cells divaricate; pistillode columnar, tip 
three-lobed. Female spadix simple, erect, six inches long, 
rather stouter than the branches of the male spadix. 
Petals transversely oblong, concave ; staminodes none ; 
ovary subglobose, three-lobed; stigmas three, minute, 
sessile, trigonous." — J. D. H. 

Fi£. 1, Reduced figure of the whole plant; 2, leaflet ; and 3, male spadix of the 
natural size; 4, outer, and 5, inner view of male flower; 6 and 7, stamens; 8, 
pistillode : — all enlarged. 


"Vincent u; 

T BpbwIL OOTnrJ, 

Tab. 6839. 

Native of the Andes of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Onageaeieje. 
Genus Fuchsia, Linn. ; {Benth. ct Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 700.) 

Fuchsia ampliata; caulibus petiolis pedicellisque puberulis, foliis ternatim 
vsrticillatis petiolatis elliptico-oblongis acutis remote denticulatis Bupra viri- 
dibus subtus viridibus v. ruf'escentibus glabris v. pubesceutibus, floribuB 
axillaribus solitariis 2-3-nisve longe pedicellatis pendulis coccineis, ovario 
oblongo, calycis tubo 1^-3-pollicari attenuato-int'undibulari lobis ovato- 
lanceolatis triplo longiore, petalis calycis lobis brevioribus quadnito-rotundatis 
oblongisve obtusis, staminibus breviter exsertis, stylo hirto, stigmate globoso. 

F. ampliata, Benth. Plant. Hartweg. 178. 

Fuchsia ampliata is one of three handsome and large 
and scarlet-flowered very closely allied species, which, 
inhabit the Andes of New Grenada and Ecuador, none of 
which have hitherto been figured, and only one of them 
has been introduced into cultivation. They are F.pctiolaris, 
H. B. and K., of New Grenada, with lanceolate acute petals; 
F. corollata, Benth. , from Columbia (Hartweg), with rounded 
obtuse petals longer than the calyx-lobes ; and the plant 
here figured, with broad petals shorter than the caJyx-lobes. 
Of these F. ampliata is confined to the Andes of Ecuador, 
where it has been found near Quito, and on the volcanos 
of Pichincha and Pilzhum, by Jameson, Hall, Spruce (No. 
5501), Lobb, and Hartweg, forming a bush three to five feet 
high, at elevations of 10,000 to 13,000 feet above the sea. 
F. corollata inhabits the woods of Popayan, on the ascent 
to the Paramo de Guanacas, at 10,000 feet elevation. F. 
petiolaris (of which F. Quindiuensis is doubtless a pubescent 
variety) is confined to New Grenada, being found on the 
Andes of Ocana, Antioquia and the Paramo of Quindiu, at 
7000 to 10,000 feet elevation. All tliese vary from being 
nearly glabrous to tomentose, in the size of the flower, and 
burgescence of the calyx-tube. 

The specimen of F. ampliata, bore figured, has a special 

oct. 1st, 1885. 

interest as one of the fine series of Andean plants sent to 
Kew by the late J. A. Henry, Esq., who raised it from 
seeds sent by his old friend, the late Dr. Jameson, Professor 
of Botany at Quito. It flowered at Kew in June. It was 
received in 1877, and flowers in the month of June. 

Descr. A small glabrous or pubescent shrub, three 
to five feet high. Stem often decumbent below, with 
ascending leafy branches. Leaves two to three inches 
long, usually drooping and ternately whorled, elliptic- 
oblong, acute at both ends, distinctly denticulate, glabrous 
or nearly so above, glabrous or pubescent beneath, nerves 
six to eight pair; petiole slender, one-third to one-half of 
an inch long. Flowers solitary or two to three together in 
axillary clusters, pedicel usually about half as long as the 
scarlet flower, which is two to three inches long and 
pendulous. Calyx narrowly funnel-shaped, sometimes 
inflated above the middle; lobes one-fourth as long as the 
tube, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Petals shorter than the 
calyx-lobes, suborbicular, obtusely four-angled, scarlet like 
the calyx. Stamens shortly exserted. Stigma globose. — 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, pistil : — all enlarged. 


■ •£■';. -V - 



K,j.u-pi tc j l - littl 

TincanlBroote Day & SonJmp 


Tab. 6S40. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Kanunculace.e. — Tribe Anemones. 
Genus Anemone, Linn. ; {Benth. et PEook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 4.) 

Anemone polyanthes ; erecta, robusta, sericeo-tomentosa v. villosa, rliizomate 
brevi robusto, foliis radicalibus longe petiolatis cordato-orbiculatis 5-7-lobis, 
lobis late cuneatis grosse crenatis, caulinis sessilibus, floribus in umbellas 
siinplices v. compositas dispositis longe pedicellatis albis, sepalis 5-6 obovato- 
rotundatis-oblotigisve obtusis glabriusculis, carpellis maturis late oblongis 
obovatisve compressissimis stylo brevi subulato terminatis. 

A. polyanthes, Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 194 ; Hook. f. et Thorns. Fl. Ind. p. 24 ; 
Rook.f. FL Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 9. 

A. longiscapa, Wall. Cat. No. 4691. 

A. scaposa, Fdgew. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xx. p. 27. 

A. villosa, Boyle III. PI. Blinial. p. 52. 

A. Govaniana, Boyle I. c. p. 45 {not of Wallich and Don) ; Lindl. Bot. Beg. 
1844, Misc. p'. 45. 

A. obtusiloba, Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1884, t. 65 {not of Don). 

Of the fifteen described species of Himalayan Anemones, 
the only one that has hitherto been figured in any horticul- 
tural work is the A. vitifolia (Plate 3376), a fact which 
shows how much still remains to be accomplished in the 
way of introducing hardy herbaceous plants from that rich 
region ; for many of them are very attractive plants, and 
eminently worthy of a place in the rock garden. A. poly- 
anthes was introduced forty years ago by seeds communi- 
cated to the Horticultural Society by the Honourable East 
India Company. Plants raised and flowered in the Gardens 
of the Society were rightly referred to the A. Govaniana of 
Wallich (a synonym of polyanthes) by Lindley in the 
Miscellanea appended to the Botanical Register of 1844, 
but in the body of that work he named it A. obtusiloba, which 
is a very different though also a Himalayan species. Lindley 's 
figure represents a very poor specimen, for the plant grows 
to a foot and a half in height, with often compound umbels 
of twenty to thirty flowers, which are sometimes two inches in 

oct. 1st, 1885. 

diameter. As a species it is very like the European and 
Siberian A. narcissiflora, which is found in Kashmir, but 
which has more divided leaves with more deeply cut lobes. 

A. polyanthes is a very common Himalayan plant, from 
Kashmir to Sikkim, between the elevations of 10,000 and 
12,000 feet, growing in moist places; it flowered in the 
Royal Gardens in May last. 

Desor. Silkily hairy or villous all over, except the flowers 
and fruit. Rootstock as thick as the thumb, short, black, 
clothed at the top with fibres of old petioles and stems. 
Leaves two to four inches in diameter, orbicular, cordate, 
five- to seven-lobed, but rarely below the middle, lobes 
coarsely irregularly crenate ; petiole four to ten inches 
long, very stout ; cauline leaves sessile, cune'ate, lobed, and 
cut, forming an involucre. Flotvers one to two inches in 
diameter, white, in simple or compound umbels, often very 
numerous (twenty to thirty) ; peduncles and pedicels stout. 
Sepals broadly obovate or oblong, obtuse, glabrous or 
slightly hairy at the back. Stamens very numerous, fila- 
ments glabrous ; anthers short, yellow brown, all perfect. 
Carpels ovoid oblong, erect; styles not prolonged or feathery. 
Aclienes half an inch long, almost flat, broadly obovate or 
oblong, with a small subulate stigma, margin thickened, 
surface glabrous or with a few glandular hairs. — J. D. H. 


Fig. 1, Stamen ; 2, head of unripe carpels (of the natural size) ; 3 and 4, carpels ; 
5, head of ripe carpels ; 6 and 7, ripe carpels : — all but fig. 2 enlarged. 



lfinceiABroote r Day& 

L Reeve & C? London 

Tab. 6841. 
CALLIPSYCHE aurantiaca. 

Native of the Andes of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. AjrAETLLiDEiE. — Tribe AmaryllezE. 
Genus Callipsyche, Serb.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 731.) 

Callipsyche aurantiaca ; bulbo globoso tunicis brunneis membranaceis, foliis 
post anthesin productis ovatis acutis petiolatis glabris distincte costatis, 
pedunculo tereti subpedali, umbellis 6-8-floris, spathse valvis exterioribus 
lanceolatis parvis, pedicellis brevibus, floribus inodoris aurantiacis, ovario 
oblongo-trigono, perianthii infundibularis tubo brevi segmentia oblanceolatis 
flore expanso falcatis, staminibus declinatis longe exsertis antberis lineari- 
oblongis^ parvis, stylo longissimo declinato apice stigmatoso capitato, fructu 
capsulari pro fun de trilobate 

C. aurantiaca, Baker in Saund. Bef. Bot. t. 167. 

This singular jAmarjllidaceous plant possesses the leaf and 
general habit of a Eucharis in combination with bright 
yellow flowers in shape like those of a Hippiastrum, but with 
remarkably long drooping stamens and style. It was first 
described from specimens that flowered fifteen years ago at 
Eeigate in the collection of the late Mr. Wilson Saunders, 
who procured it from M. Linden. Since then it has been 
flowered in England by Mr. William Bull and Sir Charles 
Strickland, and now again this year with Mr. F. Horsman 
at Colchester, from whose plant our drawing was made, 
the flowers in February, and the leaf in June. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, an inch in diameter, with brown 
membranous tunics. Leaves not produced till after all the 
flowers fade, ovate, distinctly petioled, bright green, 
glabrous, with a distinct midrib and sixteen or eighteen pairs 
of curved vertical veins on each side of it. Peduncle sub- 
terete, green, hollow, a foot long. Flowers six or eight in 
an umbel, not scented, greenish in bud, bright yellow when 
expanded; outer bracts small, green, lanceolate; inner 
linear; pedicels half an inch or an inch long. Ovary 
oblong-trigonous, green, with numerous superposed hori- 
zontal ovules in each of the three cells. Perianth infun- 
dibuliform, two inches long, with a short tube above the 

oct. 1st, 1885. 

ovary, and six oblanceolate falcate many-nerved segments 
a third of an inch or half an inch broad. Stamens con- 
tiguous, decimate, inserted at the throat of the perianth- 
tube, protruded finally three inches beyond its tip ; anthers 
small, linear-oblong. Style protruded a little beyond the 
stamens ; stigma capitate, minute. Capsule deeply three- 
lobed. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Lower part of the flower cut open ; 2, front view of an anther ; 3, hack 
view of an anther ; 4, stigma and apex of style ; 5, horizontal section of ovary : — 
all more or less enlarged. 




IReeve 8, 0° London. 

Tab. 6842. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Oid. Hydeophtllaceje.— Tribe Phacelie^:. 
Genus Phacelia, Juss. ; (Bentli. et Booh.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 827.) 

Phacelia (Whitlavia) Parryi; sparse hispida et glanduloso-pilosa, foliis ovatis 
v. ovato-oblongis grosse insequaliter crenato-dentatis serratisve, racemis multi- 
floris foliis pluries longioribus, calycis lobis anguste linearibus obtusis, corollas 
late breviter campanulatse tubo calyce breviore, squamis obcordatis, filamentis 
pilosis, placentis multiovulatis. 

Phacelia Parryi, Torr. Bot. Hex. Bound. (Emory) Rep. p. 144; A. Gray 
in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts and Sc. vol. x. (1874), ser. 2, p. 322, and Sunop't. 
Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. part 1, p. 164. 

A very near ally of P. campanularia, A. Gray (figured at 
Plate 6735 of this work), differing in the narrower leaves 
and much shorter tube of the corolla, as also in the shape 
of the scales at the base of the corolla-tube within. The 
flower is in fact nearly flat, or rotate. It is a native of 
almost the same county as its ally, namely the St. Diego 
and St. Bernardino counties of Southern California, where 
it was discovered by Dr. Parry. The plant here figured 
was raised from seeds sent by Prof. Asa Gray, which flowered 
in June last. 

Desce. A viscid annual, clothed with spreading simple 
and gland - tipped hairs. Stem one to two feet long, 
branched, spreading and ascending, sparingly leafy. Leaves 
one to four inches long, petioled, ovate or ovate-oblong, 
acute, hairy on both surfaces ; base acute or rounded ; 
margin coarsely unequally toothed; petiole two to four 
inches long. Flowers in terminal many-flowered cymes 
much exceeding the leaves ; pedicels a half to one inch long, 
lengthening in fruit. Galyx of five very narrow obtuse 
glandular-hairy sepals much longer than the corolla-tube, 
spreading and recurved. Corolla dark violet blue, an inch 
in diameter, almost rotate, the tube being very short, and 

oct. 1st, 1885. 

the limb horizontally expanded ; lobes rounded. Filaments 
far exserted, hairy; anthers oblong, golden yellow ; stami- 
nodes eordiform, sessile, glandular-hairy, golden yellow. 
Scales obcordate, adnate. Ovary clothed with long soft 
hairs ; style and its arms capillary ; stigmas capitellate ; 
ovules numerous on each placenta. Capsule ovoid acute, 
as long as the persistent calyx segments, tipped with the 
base of the style. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, base of corolla-tube with stamens, staminodes, and scales ; 3, 
stamen; 4, pistil ; 5, transverse section of ovary: — all enlarged. 



Tab. G843. 
NYMPHiEA stellata, var. zanzibariensis. 

Native of Zanzibar. 

Nat. Ord. Nymphs ace.e. — Tribe Nymph.2E^:. 
Genus Nymph.ea, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 40.) 

Nympit.ea stellata, var. zanzibariensis ; foliis amplis rotundatis marginibus irreju- 
lariter crenato-lobulatis, floribus amplis saturate azureis, sepalis extus viridibus 
kermpsino-maririnatis, petalis 18—30 lineari-oblongis obtusis v. subacutis, 
staminibus 130-240, filamentis brevibus latis, antheris elongatis, carpellis 
15-30, apicibus oblongis obtusis incurvis. 

N. zanzibariensis, Caspar!/ in Hot. Zeit. 1877, p. 202, and in Wittmarh Gartenzeit. 
1882, p. 1, fig. 1, et Ic.pict.; The Garden, 1884, p. 210, cum It: 

This splendid Waterlily is the subject of two very ela- 
borate articles by Prof. Caspary, of Konigsberg, who has 
made the genus to which it belongs a life-long study. In 
the first of these, that published in the " Botanische 
Zeitung," wherein the species is originally described, he 
contrasts its characters with those of three blue-flowered 
closely allied plants (referred by some botanists, including 
myself, to forms of one species), namely, JV. capensis, 
Thunb., JV. coerulea, Savigny (Plate 552 of this work), and 
JV. stellata, Willd. (Plate 2058 of this work), and gives 
the differences between them in parallel columns. The 
result is very interesting and instructive, as showing in 
almost all points of structure, size and number of parts, 
and in many of colour, a gradual passage from JV. stellata 
through JV. coerulea and JV. capensis up to JV. zanzibariensis. 
Of these JV. stellata is the most reduced form ; its largest 
flowers are one-third smaller than those of average zanzi- 
bariensis. The number of its floral organs is on the 
average 73 against 222 ; of the petals, which are pale blue, 
11 to 14 against 18 to 24 of zanzibariensis, which are deep 
blue; of stamens, 33 to 54 against 136 to 242 ; of carpels, 
]0 to 17 against 15 to 30 ; its seeds are smaller and paler, 
and its leaves smaller also. In all these matters N. coerulea 
comes nearest to JV. stellata, and -V. capensis to JV. zanzi- 
bariensis. In some other respects, however, there are 
remarkable differences between the above forms. Thus, 

nov. 1st, 1885. 

under cultivation with Dr. Caspary, N. zanzibariensis 
flowers only from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.; the flower expands 
on five successive days, and cannot fertilize itself. Of 
N. capensis the flower is open from 5 to 7 a.m. till 1 to 
3 p.m., expands on five successive days, and cannot fertilize 
itself. Of N. cceruUa the flower is open from 8 a.m. till 2 p.m., 
expands on four successive days, and does fertilize itself. 
Of iV. stellata the flower is open from 8 a.m. till 2 p.m., 
expands on three successive days, and fertilizes itself even 
in the bud. How far these characters will stand the test 
of cultivation in other houses (they do not at Kew) of 
different conditions of light, heat and water, and, above 
all, how far they will prove constant in plants raised from 
seeds collected in other localities, remains to be proved. 
Be this as it may, it is impossible to exaggerate the value 
of such careful and conscientious observations, which ought 
to be repeated on plants growing in their native country. 

N. zanzibariensis was introduced into Europe in 1877 by 
Dr. Hildebrandt. The species has no rival except the 
Australian N. gigantea (Plate 4647), the flowers of which 
are even larger, attaining a foot in diameter, but they are 
of a much paler blue. As with N. gigantea, the flowers of 
young tubers are small, and enlarge as these gain size and 

The plant here figured was raised from a small tuber 
received from the Berlin Botanical Gardens in 1882, which 
flowered in 1883. The first flowers were small, as figured 
in "The Garden." At Kew the flowers open at noon and. 
close at night ; are deliciously fragrant, and remain some- 
times a fortnight before being submerged for the ripening 
of the seed. 

Descii. Leaves orbicular, 10 to 12 inches in diameter, 
obtusely sinuate-crenate, with 12 to 14 radiating nerves on 
each side of the mesial line, deep green above, paler beneath. 
Flowers 6 to 8 inches in diameter, deep blue. Sepals deep 
green externally, with a suffused coppery red intermarginal 
band, dark blue within. Petals 18 to 30, oblong, obtuse. 
Stamens 150 to 250; filaments broad, yellow; anthers 
linear, blue; connective produced into a long point. 
Carpels 15 to 30, free part triangular-oblong. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of peduncle ; 2, tnft of hairs from the air-passages ; 3 and 4, 
stamens; 5, ovary and top of peduncle :— all hut jig. o enlarged. 



Aftncerrt Brooks Day S-Son Imp 

. Rte ve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6344. 
CALANTHE natalensis. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Ohchide^:. — Tribe Epidendke;e. 
Genus Calanthe, Br. ; (Benth. et Iluok.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 520.) 

Calanthe natalensis; foliis petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis plioato- 
nervosis et corrugatis nervis 5-9, pedunculo valido, raeemo plurifloro, (loribus 
pallide lilacinis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis petalis paullo brevioribtu 
latioribusque, labelli lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis v. fere rotandatia reetis 
curvisve, lobo interinedio late obcordato, disco verrucoso calcare graoili ovario 

C. natalensis, Reichb. f. in Bonplaiulia, 1856, p. 322 ; N. E. Brown in Gar J. 
Chron. vol. xxiv. (1885) ii. 78 and 136. 

C. sylvatica, var. /3. natalensis, Reichh.f. in Linncea, vol. xix. p. 374. 

Apparently a common and certainly a variable plant, in 
various places of Eastern South Africa, from Natal itself, 
where Mr. Sanderson and others have found it in the Bush 
Swamp at the head of the Bay, to boggy hills in the interior 
ascending to 2000 feet; and Mr. Bolus sends specimens 
from the Perie forest, near King William's Town. 
According to drawings made from the living plant by Mr. 
Bolus, the lip varies much in shape and colour, the lateral 
lobes being sometimes almost rounded, at others narrowed 
and curved as in the figure here given. It was at first 
supposed to be a variety of the Bourbon and Mauritius 
C. sylvatica, to which indeed Dr. Lindley referred it, but 
that plant is described as having •' white flowers changing 
to bright yellow without fading, so that the upper part of 
the long spike is pure white, the lowest very yellow, the 
middle of a delicate cream." It is probably more nearly 
allied to an undescribed tropical East African species 
collected by Dr. Kirk in Johanna Island, which has much 
longer petioles, larger flowers, &c, shorter spur with a 
hooked or coiled tip. The calli on the disk of the lip are 
much larger in the Natal plant than in Mr. Bolus' figure of 
that from Perie bush, in which they are small, and produced 
nearly to the notch of the mid-lobe of the lip. 

aov. 1st, 1885. 

The plant here figured was raised from roots sent by 
Mr. Leighton, Curator of the King William's Town Botanical 
Gardens (formerly Foreman of the Herbaceous Collection 
at Kew), together with several other interesting terrestrial 
Orchids. It was found in an old decayed Perie wood 
(whence Mr. Bolus also procured it), and it grows well in 
the cool orchid house at Kew in a mixture of peat and 

Desce. Boots of strong stout fibres. Leaves five to seven, 
all radical, eight to twelve inches long by three to five 
broad, narrowed into a broad concave petiole, elliptic- 
lanceolate, acuminate, plaited with, five to nine nerves, and 
corrugated here and there between the nerves, membranous, 
pale green and translucent. Flowering-stem longer than 
the leaves, stout, erect, with a few short acute sheaths ; 
raceme pyramidal, six to eight inches long ; rachis robust ; 
bracts lanceolate, herbaceous, green, shorter than the 
ovary, which is about an inch long and slender. Flowers 
one to one and a half inch' in diameter, pale lilac with a 
darker redder lip, or with the sepals and petals white and 
suffused with lilac towards the margin only. Sepals ovate- 
lanceolate, acuminate. Petals rather shorter and broader. 
Lip about as long as the sepals ; lateral lobes basal, small, 
oblong, obtuse and curved, or almost rounded; mid-lobe 
broadly obcordate ; disk with a cluster of prominent 
tubercles at the base, and a few smaller ones along the 
mesial line towards the notch at the end; spur slender, 
incurved, white, as long as the ovary ; column very short, 
subglobose, with two cavities in front, one on each side. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of whole plant; 2, leaf ; and 3, raceme, both of the 
natural size; 4, column and lip; 5, column seen in front; 6, anther; 7, pollen- 
masses : — all except jigs. 1-3 enlarged. 


\ I I \ 




Tab. 6845. 

Native of South-Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Rutace.e.— Tribe Diosme2e. 
Genus Bokonia, 8m. ; {Benth. et Roolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 291.) 

Boeonia heterophylla ; frutex fjlaberrimus, gracilis, ratnis virgatis, foliis v. sessi- 
libus simplicibus et linearibus v. petiolatis pinnatis foliolis 3-5 linearibus 
acutis petiolo elongato, floribus axillaribus fasciculatis pendulis, pedunculis 
2-bracteatis 1-floris, floribus subglobosis, sepalis brevissimis orbicularis 1-cos- 
tatis apiculatis, petalis coccineis late ovatis concavis intus puberulis, fila- 
inentis 5 majoribus sepalis oppositis elongatis crassis incurvis glabris antlit'iis 
nigris, 5 minoribus multoties brevioribus antberis flavis, ovario pubescente 
stylo columnari crasso. 

B. heterophylla, F. Muell. Fragment, vol. ii. p. 98 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. i. 

p. 315. 
Vae. brevipes ; pedicellis flore brevioribus. 

This differs from the native specimens of B. heterophylla 
in the much shorter peduncles of the flowers, but I can 
find no other character whereby to distinguish it; and 
Mueller in his original description of the species describes 
its peduncle as about equalling the flower. It is a very 
beautiful plant, allied to B. elatior figured at Plate 6285 
of this work in many particulars, but differing widely in 
habit, in the larger leaves with few leaflets, in the brilliant 
colour of the flowers, in the shape of the sepals and petals, 
and in the long filaments. 

The plant here figured was raised from seeds collected 
by Miss North in Western Australia in 1881, when engaged 
in making the beautiful series of paintings of the plants 
of that country which form so attractive a portion of her 
gallery. It flowered in a cool greenhouse in April of the 
present year. It is probably not an uncommon plant near 
the Swan River, where it was first found by James Drum- 
mond, about 1842, and since then in places sometimes 
inundated on the Kalgee River, by Maxwell and others. 

Desck. An erect much-branched shrub, said to attain 
the height of a man, with slender erect branches, quite 

nov. 1st, 1885, 

glabrous, or with a microscopic pubescence on the leaves. 
Leaves very variable, sometimes quite simple, one to one 
and a half inch long, very narrowly linear, apiculate, at 
others with one rarely two pair of linear leaflets on a 
slender petiole, dark green, spreading. Flowers whorled 
at the leaf-axils, usually in fours or sixes, drooping, sub- 
globose, bright scarlet, one-third to one-half inch in dia- 
meter ; peduncles as long as the flower or longer, minutely 
bibracteate about the middle. Calyx with a turbinate base, 
and four minute rounded green sepals, each with a strong 
dorsal keel ending in a mucro. Petals broadly ovate, 
concave, subacute, thick, glabrous without, sparsely pubes- 
cent within. Filaments eight ; the four longer stout, 
incurved, with dark anthers ; the four smaller very short, 
with yellow anthers. Ovary short, pubescent, with a stout 
short cylindric style contracted at the base. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf, showing the minute pubescence; 2, peduncle, bracts and 
flower, with the petals removed ; 3, flower with the perianth removed ; 4, disk and 
ovary ; 5, vertical section of ovary :— all enlarged. 



r & Son am 

L.Reeve &.C London. 

Tab. 6846. 


Native of Central Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Ranttncueace^. — Tribe Anemones. 
Genus Anemone, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 4) 

Anemone trifolia; erecta, gracilis, glaberrima, rhizomate brevi robusto, foliis 
involucrantibus petiolatis 3-foliolatis, foliolis subsessilibus oblongo v. elliptico- 
lanceolatis aeuminatis serratis, floribus solitariis gracile pedunculatia albis, 
sepalis 6 (5-7) ovato-oblongis obtusis, staminibus parvis filamentis filiformibus 
antberis flavis, carpellis maturis perplurimis lineari-oblongis compressis crasse 
costatis hirsutis in stylum brevem uncinatum attenuatis. 

A. trifolia, Moris. Hist. PI pars ii. p. 424, sect. 4, tab. 25, fig. 1 ; Linn. Sj>. PL 
ed. i. p. 540; DC. Prodr. vol. i. p. 20 ; Sturm. Deutsch. Fl. vol. iv. tab, 14; 
Beichb. Lc. Fl. Germ. vol. iv. tab. 48; Gerard. Herb. p. 305, fig. 9. 

It is remarkable that this plant, though cultivated in 
England by Gerard as early as 1597, should not have been 
figured in any English work since the publication of 
Morison's " Historia Plantarum" in 1680, the citation of 
which is omitted by Linnaeus in the first edition of his 
u Species Plantarum." It is a native of Central and 
Southern Europe, from Piedmont and North Italy to 
Southern Austria and Croatia; De Candolle indeed adds 
Siberia, but according to Ledebour the plant referred to 
as Siberian is A. rejiexa, Steph., an allied but different 

A. trifolia, though included in the last edition of Aiton's 
" Hortus Kewensis " (1810) has probably long been out of 
general cultivation in England. It has, however, been 
lately reintroduced by Mr. W. Brockbank, of Didsbury, 
who brought to Kew, in May last, the specimens here 
figured. It is well worthy of cultivation, and now that the 
love of herbaceous plants is taking root in the country, it 
is not likely to be lost again. 

Descr. Quite glabrous. Bootstoch stout, as in A. 
vemorosa. Stems six to ten inches high, slender. Leaves 
all three-foliolate, radical on long petioles ; involucral on 

Nov. 1st, 1S85. 

shorter petioles ; leaflets sessile two to four inches long by 
one-half to one inch broad, elliptic-oblong or -lanceolate, 
acuminate, serrate, dark green above, pale beneath. 
Flowers solitary, erect; one to one and a half inch in 
diameter, pure white ; peduncle slender. Sepals six (rarely 
five or seven), oblong, obtuse, spreading, nerves faint. 
Stamens numerous, small ; filaments rather short, filiform ; 
anthers minute, yellow. Carpels very numerous, slender, 
pubescent, forming a globose head. Achenes linear- oblong, 
compressed, with three to five obscure thick ribs, gradually 
narrowed into a short hooked style. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, head of carpels ; 3, immature carpel; 4, head of achenes; 
5, single achene: — all but Jig. 4 enlarged. 




M.S. dd r J.:N.FitchIith. 

'fiiw.sAb.-ooWDaya.Son In* 


Tab. 6847. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Polygonace.e.— Tribe Eupolygone.e. 
Genua Polygonum, Linn.; (Bent/i. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 97.) 

1 olygoxtjm (Persicaria) sphcerostacliyum; glaberrimum, rhizomate robusto,caulibus 
siuaplicibus erectis foliosis monocephalis, foliis inferioribus petiolatis lineari- 
lanceolatis acuminatis crispato-crenulatis subtus glabris giaucis v. pubes- 
centibus, basi attenuates v. subhastatis et in petioluin decurrentibus, caulinis 
sessilibus, stipulis laxis, spicis cylindraceis globosisve multi-densi-floris,'floribus 
sanguineis deorsum imbricatis cevnuis, perianthii segmentis 5 oblongis obtusis, 
staminibus 1 longioribus inclusis v. exsertis, glandulis ad basin staminum 
min litis, ovario 3-gono, sty lis basi longe v. breviter connatis. 

P. sphterostachynm, Meissn. Monogr. Polyg. p. 53 ; in Wall. Plant. As. Bar. 
vol. iii. p. 52 ; et in BC. Prodr. vol. xiv. pars 1, p. 125. 

P. macrophyllum, Bon Prodi: Fl. Nep. p. 70; Bahington in Trans. Linn. Soc. 
vol. xviii. p. 95. 

P. tenue, Bon I. c. {non Michaux.) 

P- gracillimum, Spreng. Syst. Veg. ; Cur. post. 151. 

P. affine, var. angustifoliuni, Wall. Cat. n. 1683. 

P. stenophyllum, Meissn. Monog. p. 52, and in BC. I. c. 

P. angustifolium, Bon I. c. p. 70, Spreng. I. c. 

I have had great difficulty when determining the Indian 
species of Polygonum for the " Flora of British India," in 
unravelling the synonymy of those of the Bistorta group, 
which includes the subject of the present plate. Of these 
there are three which are very easily confounded, the P. 
bulbiferum, Royle, which I regard as the same as P. vivi- 
2'" rum of Europe, and the north temperate and Arctic 
regions generally; P. paleaceum, Wall., a native of the 
Khasia Mountains (a species omitted by Meissner); P. affine, 
Don (which is P. Brunonis, Wall.), and the subject of this 
plate. These, though distinct enough in their normal con- 
dition, are not easily distinguished in abnormal ones, and 
are confounded by Meissner and much mixed in Herbaria ; 
further confusion being entailed from the fact of the 
nomenclature of Don clashing with that of Wallich, and 
Rot. I. st, 1886, 

from Don having described one of them, P. sphcerostachyum, 
from very imperfect specimens, under three names. Of 
these species, P. viviparmn, which is probably only an 
Alpine and Arctic state of P. Bistorta, L., may be known 
by its solitary habit and slender spike, with pink suberect 
or spreading flowers. P. paleaceam, which has not been 
introduced into cultivation, is a much larger plant, with a 
dense oblong spike of pink flowers like those of P. vimparum; 
it is very near indeed to P. Bistorta. P. affine is well figured 
in this work (Plate 6472) ; it has a creeping tufted habit, 
and pink flowers like those of P. viviparum. P. sphcero- 
stacliyum differs from all these in the dense broad cylindric 
or globose spike of blood-red pendulous flowers ; it is by 
far the most beautiful of all as to flowers, though it never 
forms the great patches that P. affine does, and which 
latter may now be seen in perfection at Sir W. Armstrong's 
seat (Cragsicle) in Northumberland, clothing many hundreds 
of square yards of rocky slopes with a most brilliant 
autumnal mantle of scarlet, from the colour of the fading 

I am indebted to the Edinburgh Botanical Gardens, for 
the specimens of P. sphcerostachyum here figured, which 
were raised from seeds sent by Mr. Duthie from Saha- 
runpore, and which flowered in June of the present year. 
It abounds in the Alpine and sub-Alpine regions of the 
whole Himalaya, at elevations of 11,000 to 15,000 feet. 
Plants of it, also received from Edinburgh, are still 
(October 20th) in full flower in the rock garden at Kew. 

Desck. Rootstoclc tuberous; stem solitary, erect, leafy, 
four to ten inches high. Leaves three to five inches long, 
linear, linear-oblong or -lanceolate, acute, crispidly crenulate, 
glabrous and glaucous or pubescent beneath, radical petioled, 
cauline sessile ; stipules tubular, lax or close, very variable. 
Spike one to one and a half inch long, globose or cylindric ; 
flowers one-third of an inch long, pendulous, blood-red. 
Sepals oblong, obtuse. Stamens eight, the four longer 
exserted or included ; anthers small, black. Chary three- 
gonous ; styles three, more or less united below ; stigmas 
capitellate. — J. I). H. 

Fig 1, Estivation of flower; 2, flower ; 3, perianth laid open, and stamens; 
-1 and 5, anthers ; 6, ovary -.—all enlarged. 


'.''..,../.;, ■ 

M.o.doU.N.W.:, hi. 

i noiss '_.:{ ! 

Tab. 6348. 

ALOE Bainesii. 

Native of Natal and Kaffraria. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Tribe Aloises. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 77('>.) 

Aloe Bainesii; arborea, 40-60-pedalis. trunco erecto copiose ramoso CTMftttie, 
4-6-pedali, foliis ad ramorum apices dense rosulatis eomfortnibaa 8-8-ped*libni 

viridibus leviter glauco tinctis facie canalieulatis marline acuteis parvis 
patulis deltoideis corneis armatis, racemis densis nblongis paniculatis, pedun- 
culis brevibus racbibusque valde incrassatis, pedicellis brevissimis apice artien- 
latis, bracteis minutis, periantbio oblongo splendide rubro sesquipollirari, 
segmentis oblongis valde iiobricatis tubo subsequilongis apice patulis viridibus, 
stain inibus styloque conspicue exsertis. 

A. Bainesii, Dyer in Garil. Chron. 1874, p. 568, figs. 119, 120; Baker in Jonrn. 
Linn. Son. vol. xviii. p. 178. 

A. Barberse, Dyer loc. cit. fig. 122. 

A. Zeyheri, Sort, non SalmdycTc. 

This species is distinctly and decidedly the finest of all 
the one hundred and fifty different kinds of Aloe. 
Although we have had it at Kew for at least twenty years, 
its growth is so slow that it is likely to be many years 
more before it reaches the flowering stage, and we are 
indebted to Professor Macowan for the materials upon 
which the present plate is founded, a coloured drawing and 
a photograph of a fine plant, which is one of the chief 
objects of interest in the Cape Botanic Garden. For many 
years we bad a young plant at Kew under the unpublished 
name of Aloe Zeyheri. In 1874, Mr. Thiselton Dyer took 
great pains to work out the neglected subject of the Cape 
tree-aloes. The result of his investigations was published 
in a paper, illustrated by a series of woodcuts, in the 
"Gardener's Chronicle." In this he explained as fully as 
the material then obtained would allow the differences 
between the tree-aloe of the eastern provinces and the old 
well-known Aloe dichotoma of the west, of which Paterson 
gave a figure as long ago as 1789; citing extracts from 
the letters of Mr. Baines and the Rev. R. Baur as to its 
habit and localities. At that time we supposed, judging 

dec. 1st, 1885. 

from very imperfect material, that the Natal and Kaffrarian 
plants were distinct species, but as further information has 
accumulated, this view has been abandoned, and our present 
idea is that there is but one species in the west, Aloe 
(llrhotoma, and one in the east, for which the name Aloe 
Bainesii has been maintained, both with a wide latitudinal 
range. Since Mr. Dyer's paper was written, Mr. Roland 
Trimen sent to England in 1879 a supply of flowers of the 
two species preserved in spirit ; and now we have Professor 
Macowan's sketch, and may be considered to know the 
eastern plant quite fully. The entire plant in our plate is 
copied from a photograph by Mr. Barnard of Cape Town, 
and the remainder from a coloured drawing by Mr. H. 
Mer stall, both communicated by the director, Professor 

Desce. A tree, attaining a height of forty or sixty feet. 
Trunk, in a specimen measured by the Rev. R. Baur, 
sixteen feet in circumference three feet from the ground, 
forking low down, and dividing into numerous erect 
branches, with a smooth whitish epidermis, each bearing a 
rosette of spreading leaves at the tip. Spread of the crown 
in the plants drawn by Mr. Baines in the painting now over 
one of the fireplaces in the No. 1 Museum at Kew, fifteen 
feet. Leaves ensiform, two or three feet long in the young 
plant, much shorter in the rosettes of the mature tree, two 
or three inches broad a little above the base, narrowed 
very gradually to the apex, green with only a slight 
glaucous tinge, channelled down the face, margined with 
small spreading horny deltoid prickles. Inflorescence a 
panicle of several racemes issuing from the centre of the 
rosette of leaves, with a short very stout woody peduncle 
and a corrugated rachis nearly an inch in diameter; 
pedicels very short, red, articulated at the apex; bracts 
minute. Perianth oblong, bright rose-red, an inch and a 
half long, half an inch in diameter ; segments about as long 
as the tube, much imbricated, spreading and tinged with 
green at the tip. Stamens exserted half an inch beyond 
the tip of the perianth; anthers small, oblong. Style 
exserted a little beyond the stamens.— J. G. Baker. 

- f" }' , e w £°¥ P lant ' from a photograph taken in the Cape Botanic Garden; 
_, a leai, about half the natural size; 3, peduncle; and 4, a raceme, both rather 
few than natural .size; 5, a single flower, natural size. 




mcent Broo~ksI)ay '<■ 

LP.eeve & C° T.onflr 

Tab. 6849. 
RHAPHITHAMNUS cyanocarpds. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. VEBBENACEiE. — Tribe Verbene.e. 
Genus Rhaphithamnus, Miers ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1149.) 

Ehaphithimnus cyanoearpus ; arbor spinosa dense foliata, ramis scaberulo- 
pubescentibus, foliis breviter petiolatis ovato-cordatis acutis v. orbicularis et 
apiculatis integeirirais, floribus axillaribus solitariis v. confertis, floribus canis, 
calyce 5-dentato, corollte tubo cylindraoeo intus villoso, lobis parvis 2 superiori- 
bus oblongis, lateralibus latioribus 3-lobis. 

R. cyan oca rpus, Miers in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvii. p. 96, t. 26. 
Cithabexylon cyanocarpum, Hook, and Am. Bot. Beech. Toy. 58, t. 11; 
Schauer in DC. Prodr. vol. xi. p. 609; C. Gay ffl. Chil. vol. v. p. 34. 

Duban ta umbellata, Miers Trav. Chili, vol. ii. p. 530. 
P<eppigia cyanocarpa, Bertero in Bull. St: Nat. 1830, p. 109. 

A native of Chili, from the central provinces southward 
to the Island of Chiloe, and apparently common at Valdivia, 
from whence all collectors send specimens. Mr. Miers, 
who discovered it as a young man, and lived to create of it 
a new genus half a century afterwards, describes it as a 
beautiful evergreen tree, fifteen to twenty feet high, 
conspicuous for its numerous bright-green leaves, accom- 
panied by golden spines and lilac flowers interspersed 
with blue shining drupes ; he further states that the native 
name is Arrayan Espinudo, or Prickly Myrtle. Six species 
of Rhaphithamniis are described by Mr. Miers; four of 
these are apparently varieties of one, all growing in Chili, 
and all within the range ascribed to E. cyanocarpus ; the 
other two also varieties of one, are from Juan Fernandez. 
The latter differ in the flowers being an inch long and 
upwards, and in the young leaves being sharply serrate. 

I am indebted to J. Rashleigh, Esq., J.P. of Menabilly, 
Cornwall, for a specimen iu full flower of this fine plant, 
which he grows in the open air, and which is here figured ; 
the figure of the fruit is taken from a specimen which 
fruited in the Temperate House at Kew at the same date. 

dec. 1st, 1885. 

Drsoe. A densely leafy tree, fifteen to twenty feet high, 
much branched; branches slender, decussate, subscabridly 
pubescent, very close together; spines placed above the 
leaves on the old branches only, one-half to three-quarters 
of an inch long, very slender, rigid. Leaves in close decus- 
sating pairs, one-half to one and a half inch long, very shortly 
petioled, spreading and recurved, broadly ovate and acute, 
or orbicular and mucronate, very coriaceous, above bright 
deep-green, pale beneath, midrib impressed above, nerves 
faint ; petiole scaberulous. Flowers solitary or in pairs, axil- 
lary or inserted on the spines, very shortly pedicelled, half 
an inch long, hoary ; pedicel one-sixteenth to one-tenth of an 
inch, scabrid. Calyx very small, shortly toothed. Corolla 
pale blue, tubular, coriaceous, villous within below the 
middle ; limb very small, two upper lobes oblong obtuse, 
lateral and lower broader unequally three-lobed, all sparsely 
villous within. Stamens four, included, with a filiform rudi- 
mentary fifth; filaments papillose; anthers short. Style 
slender, stigma small turbinate. Drupe one-thircl to one- 
half of an inch in diameter, globose ; bright blue ; nutlets 
two, horny, each two-celled. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and pistil; 2, flower; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, hairs of the corolla- 
tube ; 5, 6, 7, anthers ; 8, drupe :— all but fig. 8 enlarged. 


Tab. 6850. 
RHODODENDRON" javanicum mr. tubiflora. 

Native of Sumatra and Java. 

Nat. Ord. Ebice2e. — Tribe Rhododendeej3. 
Genus Khododendbon, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 51)9.) 

Rhodobf^duos javaninum ; frufcex glaberrimus, foliis verticillatis breviter 
petiolatis elliptico-oblongis obtusis aeutisve utrinque viridibus subtus glandu- 
loso - punotulatis, floribus terminalibus paucis umbellatis, bracteis caducis, 
pedicellis glabris, calyce obsoleto, corolla? infundibularis kermesinae ore 
sanguineo tubo subcylindraceo lobis oblongo - rotundatis paullo iongiore, 
staminibus 10, filamentis gracilibus exsertis rubris, antheris parvis. 

R. javanicum, Benn. PL Jav. Bar. p. 85, t. 19 ; DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 721 ; 
Miquel FL Ind. Bat. vol. ii. p. 1057, and Suppl. p. 1059, and Ann. Mas. 
Imgd. Bat. non Bot. Mag. t. 4336. 

Vireya javanica, Blume Bijdr. p. 854. 

V ae. tubiflora ; foliis minoribus costa supra impressa, nervis obscuris, corolla tubo 

At Plate 4336 of this work a Rhododendron is figured 
under the name of R. javanicum, which is, I think, unmis- 
takably the R. Teysmanni, Miquel (Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 
p. 251 and 585, and Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. vol. i. p. 42, 
t. 1). It differs from R. javanicum in the more robust 
habit and more numerous very much larger flowers of a 
citron-yellow colour, with broad corolla-lobes; to which 
character Miquel adds that of the ovary being covered with 
white pubescence without lepidote scales ; but I find no 
material difference in this respect, and it is quite possible 
that Teysmanni is a variety of javanicum, though for horti- 
cultural purposes a most distinct one. The only published 
plate of the true R. javanicum is that given by Bennet in 
the work quoted above, and he both figures and describes 
the ovary as pubescent, and says nothing about scales ; the 
flowers he represents as bright red, but I suspect the 
colouring is not dependable. R. Teijsmanni and javanicum 
have been found both in Sumatra and Java, according to 
specimens from the Dutch Herbaria. Of the other Sumatran 
species of the genus, JR. citn'num is figured at Plate 4797, 
B. retusum on Plate 4859, R. malaijamna, Plate 6045, and 

pec. 1st, 1885. 

B. multicolor, Plate 6769 ; one only, B. Lampongum, Miquel, 
has not been introduced into cultivation ; it lias densely 
lepidote petioles, pedicels, ovary and capsule, and an obvious 

The plant here figured differs from the typical B. 
javanicum, in the more flaccid smaller nerveless leaves, 
with the midrib on the upper surface so impressed as to 
be almost invisible, and in the paler flowers and longer 

B. javanicum, var. tubiflora, was introduced by Messrs. 
Veitch's excellent collector, Mr. Curtis, who gave as the 
localities Dator and Solok in Sumatra, and it flowered 
in their establishment in June of the present year. 

Descr. Branches slender, green. Leaves four to six in a 
whorl, two to three inches long by three-quarters of an inch 
to one inch broad, rather flaccid, shortly petioled, glabrous, 
elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate, acute, dark green above, paler 
and gland-clotted minutely beneath, nerves very obscure; 
petiole one-sixth of an inch long, glabrous. Flowers six 
to eight in a terminal umbel; pedicels stout, one inch 
long, quite glabrous ; outer bracts deciduous, inner more 
persistent, filiform. Calyx obsolete. Corolla pale orange- 
red, scarlet at the mouth, tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 
one and a half inch long, ten-grooved, base rounded, 
intruded not inflated ; lobes five, rather shorter than the 
tube, rounded-oblong. Stamens ten, filaments slender, 
exserted, red ; anthers small, brown. Ovary small, and 
as well as the stout red style pubescent, not lepidote, 
stigma entire. — J. 1). H. 

Fi£. 1, Portion of leaf; 2 and 3, front and back view of stamens; 4, ovary:— 
all enlarged. 



Vincent, Brooks Hay & Sonlrop 

LUeeve St C° London. 

Tab. 6851. 

Native of Eon g Kong. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^.— Tribe AB1XHV8BJB. 
Genus Pooonia, Jms. ; {Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 015.) 

Pogonia (Nervilisi) pnlehella ; tubere globoso, foliis 1-2 subsessilibus rotundato- 
cordatis acutis sinu clauso plicato- 12-nerviis superne e fuseo-viridi pnrparas- 
centibus pilis sparsis cellulosis conspersis subtus roseis nervis pilosis, mum 
gracili bifloro longe rmdo spathis pancis lineari-lanceolatis laxis, bncteit 
linearibus, sepalis petalis comimilibus lineari-oblanceolalis acuminatis 11av<>- 
iuscis 3-nerviis, labelli glaberrimi lobis roseis lateralibus brevibus aiigustia 
terminali bilobo. 

The Island of Hong Kong, or islet it might justly be 
called, for it boasts of but twenty-nine square miles, is 
botanically remarkable for the number and variety of 
orders, genera and species which it contains ; and though 
assiduously botanized by many collectors, its Flora is ever 
being added to, not by the introduction of foreign plants, 
but by the discovery of usually undescribed species, which 
are often confined to very limited areas, and even occur in 
a small number of specimens. In 1861, Bentham, in the 
" Flora Hongkongensis," described upwards of a thousand 
indigenous species of flowering plants and trees, of which 
no less than 408 were the only representatives of their re- 
spective genera; whilst of the 125 families of plants in the 
island, thirty-six were represented by only a single species. 
Since the publication of the " Flora Hongkongensis," a 
good many species have been added to the Flora. I do 
not know how many, but twenty-five are known to me, 
several of which were discovered through the industry and 
acuteness of Mr. Chas. Ford, the indefatigable Superinten- 
dent of the Hong Kong Botanical Gardens. Amongst this 
botanist's latest interesting additions to the Flora are two 
orchids belonging to genera not previously detected in 
the island ; one is the subject of the present plate, the 
other is the Vrydagzynia mala, Blume (of Java), a genus 
near to Anocetochilus. 

dec. 1st, 1885. 


Pogonia pulchella was first brought to Mr. Ford in 1878 
by an officer's servant, who found it on the coast of the 
south side of the Island of Hong Kong. It was planted in 
the Hong Kong Gardens, and flowered in 1879. Tubers 
sent by Mr. Ford to Kew^ in 1883, and which he procured 
on the Lofan Mountains on the coast opposite to Hong 
Kong, flowered at Kew in April, 1885, and the leaves 
appeared in the following June. 

Descr. Tubers as large as a hazel-nut, white, rather 
obliquely globose, with three to four raised rings. Leaves 
one or two, two to two and a half inches in diameter, very 
shortly petioled, orbicular, acute, deeply cordate at the 
base with overlapping lobes, plaited by about twelve strong 
nerves, upper surface dull brownish-green and purple, 
sparsely clothed, especially on the nerves, with crystalline 
cellular hairs, rose-coloured beneath with the hairs chiefly 
on the nerves. Scape four to five inches high, two-flowered, 
rather slender, very pale, with three or four imbricating 
basal sheaths, and one or two lax linear-lanceolate pinkish 
ones an inch long below the middle. Flowers drooping, 
pedicelled, one and a half inch from the tip of the dorsal 
sepal to that of the lip. Sepals and petals similar, linear- 
oblanceolate, acuminate, dirty-yellowish, with three brown 
nerves. IAp as long as the sepals, quite glabrous, convo- 
lute portion white; lobes rose-coloured, lateral short 
rounded, terminal broadly two-lobed. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side, and 2, front view of column ; 3, front, and 4, side view of anther ; 
5, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



Viiic*mtBroolE Day &.SonInvp 

L. Reeve lC Ior.don. 

Tab. 6852. 
A. CROCUS Korolkowt. 

Native of Central Asia. 

B. CROCUS aerius. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem.— -Tribe Sisyrinchie,e. 
Genus Croctts, Linn.; (Bentlt. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. G93.) 

Crocus Korolkowi; cormo depresso-globoso, tunicis brunneis membranacoo- 
fibrosis, spatha basali nulla, foliis 8-12 synanthiis anguste linearibus albo- 
vittatis margine revolutis, spatha? valvis membranaceis lanceolatis, perianthii 
tubo brunneo spatha duplo longiori, fauceglabro, limbi segmentis oblanceolato- 
oblongis luteis exterioribus dorso brunneis, antheris magnis aurantiacis 
filamentis brevissimis, styli aurantiaci rarais elongatis integris. 

C. Korolkowi, Maw and Hegel in Hegel Descr. PL Nov. fasc. vii. p. 213, fasc. ix. 
p. 41 ; Maw in Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. xvi. p. 718. 

Crocus aerius ; cormo parvo globoso tunicis brunneis cartilagineis basi annulatim 
circumscissis, spatha basali nulla, foliis 3-8 subsynanthiis anguste linearibus 
albo-vittatis margine revolutis, spatbse valvis membranaceis lanceolatis, 
perianthii tubo pallid o bipollicari, fauce luteo glabro, segmentis violaceis 
oblongis vel obovatis antheris aurantiacis filamentis brevibus, styli aurantiaco- 
rubri ramis integris. 

C. aerius, Herb, in Journ. Hort. Soe. vol. ii. p. 288 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1873, 
p. 609; Maw in Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. xvi. p. 748; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 
vol. v. p. 113. 

C. Sibthorpianus, var. stauricus, Herb, in Bot. Beg. 1845 ; Misc. p. 5. 

These are two spring-flowering Crocuses of the section 
Holostigma, which have flowered with us at Kew this year 
for the first time. G. Korolkoivi is closely allied to the 
common Dutch yellow Crocus, but differs at a glance by 
having the outer segments of the perianth flushed all over 
the back with brown. It was found by the Russian 
explorers growing abundantly on the mountains of Bokhara, 
Samarcand and Western Turkestan, at an elevation of 
from 5000 to 7000 feet above sea-level ; and very recently 
it has been sent home by Pr. Aitchison as one of the first 
fruits of his work as naturalist to the Afghan Boundary 
Commission. It is the only Crocus known to inhabit that 
region, and the discovery of this and C. alatavicus extend 

dec. 1st, 1885. 

the area of tlie genus in a western direction very materially. 
G. acrius is closely allied to G. biflorus, but it is not 
feathered on the back of the outer segments of the perianth. 
It inhabits the mountains of the northern provinces of Asia 
Minor, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet above sea-level. 
It was introduced by Dean Herbert, but was never figured, 
and was soon lost. For our Kew bulbs we are indebted to 
Mr. George Maw, who communicated them in the spring of 
the present year. 

Descr. C. Korolkowi. Corm depres so-globose, an inch 
in diameter; outer tunics brown, composed of matted 
parallel fibres. Basal spathe none. Leaves eight or twelve 
to a cluster, reaching to the top of the flowers, narrow 
linear, with revolute margins, and a distinct white central 
band down the face. Scathe-valves two, lanceolate, mem- 
branous, an inch long. Perianth-tube brownish, twice as 
long as the spathe; segments of the limb oblanceolate- 
oblong, an inch or an inch and a half long, bright yellow 
inside, the three outer tinged with brown all over the back. 
Anthers bright yellow, half an inch long ; filaments very 
short. Style orange-yellow ; branches entire, reaching to 
the top of the anthers. 

For bulbs of this beautiful species, the Royal Gardens of 
Kew are indebted to Dr. de Kegel of the Imperial Botanical 
Gardens, St. Petersburg. 

C. aerius. Gorm globose, half or three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter; tunics brown, cartilaginous, cut round 
in a ring at the base. Basal spathe none. Leaves but 
little developed at the flowering season, narrow linear, with 
revolute margins, and a distinct white rib down the face. 
Proper spathe of two lanceolate hyaline valves. Perianth- 
tube pale lilac, two inches long; segments of the limb 
obovate or oblong obtuse, an inch or an inch and a half 
long, bright lilac; throat bright yellow. Anthers bright 
yellow; filaments short, slightly papillose. Style orange- 
red ; branches entire. Seeds dark red.— J. G. Baker. 

Fig 1, 0. Korolkowi, part of tunic of corm ; 2, cross-section of leaf; 3, anther ; 
;. f3 r ™ IM » al1 enlarged ; 5, C. aerius, part of tunic of corm ; 6, cross-section 
ot leaf; 7, anther ; 8, stylt-arms, all enlarged; 9, seed, natural size; 10, the 
same, enlarged. 


To Vol. XLI. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXI. 
of the whole Work. 


Allium giganteum. 

I 6831 

Eucharis (A) Mastcrsii, (I») 


Aloe IMnesii. 

Sanderii, var. multiflora. 


Alpinia 1 ? pumila. 


Eucomis bicolor. 


Anemone polyantlies. 


Exacum affine. 


Anemone trifolia. 


Fuchsia ampliata. 


Anthericum echeandioides. 


Fuchsia triphylla. 


Anthurium Glaziovii. 


Hyacinthus azureus. 


Arctotis (a) aureola, (b) revo- 


Idesia polycarpa. 



Macroscepis obovata. 


Bauhinia variegata. 


Magnolia Campbellii. 


Boronia heterophylla, var. 


Narcissus pachybolbus. 



Neviusa alabamensis. 


Calanthe natalensis. 


jSymphrea stellata, var. zanzi- 


Callipsyche aurantiaca. 



Caryopteris Mastacanthus. 


Odontoglossum CErstedii. 


Chamsedorea Arenbergiana. 


Panax Murrayi. 


Chrysopliyllum imperiale. 


Penstemon Menziesii, var. 


Chusquea abietiiblia. 



Cirrhopetalum picturatum. 


Phacelia Parryi. 


Citrus medica, var. Riversii. 


Phillyrea Vilmoriniana . 


Clematis stans. 


Philodendron Glaziovii. 


Clematis tubulosa, var. 


Pogonia pulchella. 



Polygonum sphserostachyum. 


Corydalis pallida. 


Primula Auricula. 


Costus igneus. 


Ehaphithamnus cyanocarpus. 


Crocus (A) Karolkowi, (B) 


Rhododendron javanicum, 


var. tubiflora. 


Cytisus hirsutus. 


Rhododendron niveum, var. 


Delphinium cashmirianum, 


Salvia Greggii. [fulva. 

var. Walkeri. 


Sisyrinchium filifolium. 


Dendrobium Phalasnopsis. 


Solidago Drummondii. 


Dentaria polypliylla. 


Streptocarpus caulescens. 


Didymosperma nanum. 


Torenia (A) concolor, (B) 


Dioscorea crinita. 



Dracontium fcecimdum. 


Vitis pterophora.