Skip to main content

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

See other formats




Pants of tl)t Bopal Garten* of £eto, 





F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 



(Or Vol. CXII.ofthe Whole Work.) 

" Here may the flowers display their sweets, 
And, gay, their silken leaves unfold, 
As fearless of the noontide heats 
As careless of the winter's cold." 


[All rights retervttL] 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 


printed by 

gilbert and hivington, limited, 

st. John's square. 




Dear Sir Trevor Lawrence, 

Allow me on this, the hundredth anniversary of the 
Botanical Magazine, to dedicate to you, as President of the 
Royal Horticultural Society, the volume that is the evidence 
of this work having attained a longevity far exceeding that of 
any other Illustrated Botanical or Horticultural Serial. 

And whilst thus commemorating your services to Horti- 
culture, I would associate with your name that of the Lady 
from whom you directly inherit your love of plants and 
passion for gardening — the late Mrs. Lawrence, of Ealing 
Park, whose liberality and whose rich and beautiful conserva- 
tories were set forth by my predecessor in the dedication to 
her of the 68th volume (published in 1842) of this work, and 
whose kindness to myself when a very young Botanist I shall 
ever hold in grateful remembrance. 

Believe me, dear Sir Trevor Lawrence, 
Faithfully yours, 


The Camp, Sunningdalb, 
December 1st, 1886. 



%>cent Brook^Day & So n Imp. 

Ut™ve & C° London 

Tab. 6853. 

ixora macrothyrsa. 

Native of the Malay Archipelago. 

Eat. Ord. RuuiACEiE.— Tribe Ixobej:. 
Genus Ixoha, Linn.,- (Bentli. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 113.) 

Ixoea macrothyrsa ; frutex glaberrimus, ramulis teretibus, foliis breviter petiolatis 
lanceolatis v. oblongo-lanceoktis acuminatis unduktis basi acutis Bobcoriaoaw, 
stipulis interpetiokribus ad medium connatis brevibus ktissimis macronatis, 
thyrsis maximis subglobosis densifloris floribus confertissimis eoccineis, calyce 
brevissime obtuse 4-Iobo, corolla} tubo sesquipollicari lobis A-pollicaribus lanceo- 
latis, stylis exsertis, bacca pisiformi. 

I. macrothyrsa, Teysm. et Binn. in Herb.; Masters in Gard. Chron. N.S. xxii. 
(1884), p. 267. 

I. Duffii, T. Moore in Flor. et Pomol. 1878, p. 76 ; cum Ic. xylog. 

Pa vetta macrothyrsa, Teysm. et Binn. in Bat. Nataur. Tijdsche, vol. xxix. (1867), 
p. 247 ? 

Of all the species of the large genus Ixora, of which 
upwards of one hundred are enumerated, this is certainly 
the most imposing, whether for habit, size or colour. It 
would appear to be a widely diffused plant in the Malayan 
Archipelago. It was first described as a native of the 
province of Manado in Celebes, wliere it was discovered by 
M. Teysmann, and an authentic specimen of it is preserved 
in the Kew Herbarium, presented by the late D. Hanbury, 
who received it from M. Binnendyk. Another specimen 
is from the Island of Sumatra, sent by Teysmann to Dr. 
Hance, and by him to Kew ; the species is, however, not 
mentioned by Miquel in the supplementary volume of his 
" Flora van Nederland. Ind.," which is devoted to the 
plants of Sumatra. The only other known habitat is that 
of the specimen here figured, which was procured in Ualan 
or Strong Island, one of the Caroline group, by Mr. Duff, 
an employe of the Sydney Botanical Gardens. 

The specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
in September, 1883 ; the plant was presented by Messrs. 
Veitch. It may be referable to the var. nitida of Teysm. 
and Binnend. /. c, the only characters of which are that 

JAN. 1st, 1886. 

the thyrse is more dense, the leaves more narrowed at each 
end and shining above, and the stipules with a longer point, 
matters rather of individual than varietal value in the 
genus. The same authors describe the flower as orange- 
coloured at first, and then atrosanguineous ; those of the 
plant cultivated at Kew are of a pure bright scarlet. 

Desor. A shrub, everywhere quite glabrous, with stiff 
terete branches. Leaves about a foot long by one and a 
half to two inches broad, shortly petioled, linear-oblong to 
oblong-lanceolate, usually acuminate, undulate, base at- 
tenuate, bright green above, paler beneath, base often 
unequal ; nerves very variable in number and direction, 
eleven to eighteen pair, spreading or ascending, arched or 
nearly straight ; petiole very stout, one-half to three- 
quarters of an inch long; stipules short, much broader 
than long, mucronate, connate to or beyond the middle. 
Thyrse subsessile, globose or nearly so, eight inches in 
diameter; flowers innumerable, hiding the ramifications, 
scarlet, shortly pedicelled, pedicel jointed above the minute 
opposite bracts. Calyx minute, short, shortly and obtusely 
four-lobed. Corolla-tube one and a half inch long, very 
slender, not enlarged below the limb ; lobes nearly half an 
inch long, lanceolate, obtuse. Anthers long, connective 
acuminate. Style exserted, with two short recurved 
lobes.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2 and 3, front and back view of anthers ; 4, apex of style and 
stigmas : — all enlarged. 



a" J^ritdiMh 

.Reeve 6 C3? London. 

Tab. 6854. 
MARTINEZIA oabtotjbpolia. 

Native of Tropical South America. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Cocoine^;. 
Genus Martinezia, Ruiz et Pav.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 914.) 

Martinezia caryotcefolia ; candice gracili 20-30-pedali creberrime annulate, 
annulis aculeis elongatis nigris borridis, foliis pinnatis pinnis aggregatis e 
basi lata elongato-cuneatis truncatis apice sub-3-lobis erosisque utrinque viri- 
dibus glabris, lobis marginalibus interduru longe productis, petiolo racbique 
aculeatis aculeis gracillimis, spatha elongato-clavata aculeata, spadice pedali 
laxe paniculatim ramosa ramis elongatis, bracteis ad basin ramorum parvis e 
basi lata lanceolatis, drupis globosis. 

M. caryotsefolia, Humb. Bonpl. et Kunth, Nov, Gen. et Sp. vol. i. p. 305, and 
vol. vii. tab. 699 ; Kunth Enum. vol. iii. p. 270 ; Mart. Hist. Nat. Palm. 
vol. iii. pp. 284 and 322, tab. 161, fig. 1 ; and Palm. Orbign. p. 76 ; Drude 
in Mart. Fl. Bras., Palm. 394, tab. 85. 

A handsome small Palm, belonging to a genus of which 
fourteen species have been enumerated, all natives of 
tropical America, where they inhabit hot valleys and river 
banks. As may well be supposed from a glance at the 
plate here given, they are plants not easily collected and 
preserved for scientific purposes, and it is consequently 
not possible to define with accuracy the geographical 
limits of the species. M. caryotoefolia is the first known, 
and is undoubtedly a native of New Granada, and is stated 
to inhabit equatorial Brazil, Peru and Guiana. Pive species 
of the genus are cultivated at Kew, but no other has 
hitherto flowered. 

M. caryotcefolia has been cultivated for many years in 
the Royal Gardens, having been raised from seed imported 
from New Granada, and collected by Purdie in 1845, when 
he was travelling in the service of the Gardens in that 
country. The plant is now about twelve feet high, and 
flowers in May. 

Descr. A small graceful Palm, attaining thirty feet in 
height. Stem cylindric, strict, erect, slightly swollen at 
the base, where it roots above the soil, closely ringed ; 
jan. 1st, 1886. 

rings loaded with stiff black straight slender spines two 
to three inches long, which when young are flattened and 
silkily villous. Leaves four to five feet long, terminal, 
bright green, paler beneath, spreading and drooping ; 
petiole and rachis armed with scattered very slender 
spines ; pinnse eight to ten pairs, nine to twelve inches 
long by three to four broad, inserted by a broad base on 
the trigonous mealy or scurfy rachis, elongate-cuneate, 
truncate, more or less three-lobed at the apex, which is 
further lobulate and erose ; sides usually produced into 
acuminate drooping laciniae one to two inches long, pli- 
cately many-nerved, midrib distinct ; petiole one to two 
feet long, with an open basal sheath. Spathe a foot long, 
elongate-clavate, aculeate. Spadix very long-peduncled, 
glabrous or nearly so, loosely branched ; branches green, 
slender ; bracts at their bases half an inch long, lanceolate 
from a broad base, membranous, appressed to the branch ; 
bracteoles very short, semi-linear, brown ; flowers sessile, 
yellow-green, rather distant, one-sixth of an inch long; 
males most numerous, females at the lower part of the 
branches. Male Flower. Calyx short, three-lobed. Petals 
three, ovate, subacute, valvate. Stamens six, included, 
filaments short ; anthers linear-oblong. Ovary rudimentary, 
minute, three-lobed. Female Flower. Sepals broad, mem- 
branous, reniform. Petals broadly ovate, obtuse, concave, 
slightly imbricate. Disk cup-shaped, toothed. Ovary 
globose, with three very small conical stigmas. Drupe (in 
New Granada specimen) globose, crowned by the terminal 
stigmas ; endocarp bony, with three pits round the equator, 
each surrounded by radiating lines. Seed globose, intruded 
at the base, testa brown, albumen solid ; embryo opposite 
one of the pores of the endocarp. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of the palm ; 2, portion of rachis and pinna ; 3, a young 
spine ; 4, portion of spadix ; 5, male flower ; (5, the same laid open ; 7, front, and 
8, back view of stamen ; 9, rudimentary ovary of male flower ; 10, female flower ; 
11, the same with the perianth removed; 12, transverse section of ovary:— all but 
Jiffs. 2, 3, and 4 much enlarged. 


M E HMTRtdiilh. 


C? London 

Tab. 6855. 
MUSCARI SzovrrsrANinr. 

Native of Persia and the Caucasus. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Tribe ScillejE. 
Genus Muscaei, Miller; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 811.) 

Muscaei (Bellevallia) Szovitsianum ; bulbo magno globoso, foliis linearibus 
viridibus flaccidis facie glaucescentibus canaliculars, pedunculo erecto semi- 
pedali, racemo densissimo primum conico demum oblongo, floribus nitide 
cceruleis leviter suaveolentibus, fertilibus breviter pedicellatis perianthio 
obovoideo-oblongo ore constricto segmentis latis imbricatis albidis flore expanso 
faicatis, staminibus leviter biseriatis prope tubi medium insertis, ovario globoso, 
stylo ovario requilongo, floribus sterilibus parvis densis subsessilibus pur- 
pureo tinctis. 

M. Szovitsianum Ruprecht MSS. ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1878, N. S. vol. ix. 
p. 799. 

M. racemosum, var. brachyanthum, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. v. p. 295. 

The numerous forms of Grape Hyacinth are very nearly 
allied and difficult to classify botanically. The present 
plant is intermediate between the two best- and oldest- 
known types, M. botryoides and M. racemosum. It has the 
bright blue flowers of the former, but the raceme is denser, 
the leaves are narrower, and the perianth a different shape. 
We first received it at Kew from Max Leichtlin in the 
year 1876, along with many other rare bulbs, and have 
found it quite hardy and easy of cultivation. It has a 
faint scent, and flowers with us at the end of March and 
the beginning of April. The plate was drawn from a plant 
in Kew Gardens in April, 1879. 

Desce. Bulb large as compared with its allies, globose, 
and if well- developed bearing two or three flowering- stems 
and numerous leaves. Leaves linear, six or nine inches 
long at the flowering- time, a quarter of an inch broad, 
flaccid, bright green, channelled down the rather glaucous 
face. Peduncle terete, half a foot long. Raceme very 
dense, at first conical, finally oblong, an inch and a half or 
two inches long; central pedicels finally as long as the 

jan. 1st, 1880. 

flowers ; upper and lower shorter. Fertile flowers bright 
blue ; perianth obovoid-oblong, a sixth or a fifth of an inch 
long, distinctly constricted at the throat; teeth a little 
broader than long, white, falcate when the flower is fully 
expanded. Stamens inserted at the middle of the perianth- 
tube, slightly biseriate. Ovary globose ; style as long as 
the ovary. Sterile flowers twelve to twenty, dense, sub- 
sessile, tinged purple. — J. G. Baker. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Flowers from different parts of the raceme ; 3, perianth cut open 
to show the stamens ; 4, anther, front view ; 5, anther, back view ; 6, pistil ; 7, 
horizontal section of ovary : — all more or less enlarged. 




MS delJ.KPildh.Mu 


LUeeve 8c C° London. 

Tab. 6856. 
LAYIA glandulosa, Hook. Sf Am. 
Native of Western North America. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Helianthoideje. 
Genus Layia, Hook. Sf Am. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 395.) 

Latia (Madaroglossa) glandulosa ; diffuse ramosa, bispida et glandulosa, foliis 
sessilibus linearibus obtusis v. acutis integris v. inferioribus ssope inciso- 
pinnatifidis, capitulis amplis, involucri bracteis linearibus bispidis ylandulosis- 
que, fl. radii 8-13 albis, ligulis amplis late cuneato-obovatis obtuse 3-lobis 
tubo glanduloso, fl. disci flavis, corolla? tubo glanduloso limbi lobis 5 bivvibus 
patentibus longe ciliatis, disci acheniis clavatis sericeo-villosis, pappi setis 
rigidis scabridis albis basi louge villosis. 

L. glandulosa, Hook, et Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 358; Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. 

vol. ii. p. 394 ; A. Gray in Bot. Calif, vol. i. p. 368 ; and Synopt. Fl. N. 

Amer. vol. i. pt. 2, p. 314. 
L. neo-uiexicana, A. Gray Plant. Wright, vol. ii. p. 98. 
Blephaeipappus glandulosus, Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 316. 
Eeiopappus glandulosus, Arn. in Lindl. Introd. Nat. Syst. ed. 2, p. 443. 
Madaroglossa angustifolia, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 694. 

Though at first sight resembling a Pyrethrum or Matri- 
caria, more than a Helianthoid composite (in which tribe 
the flowers are generally yellow), this is an undoubted 
member of that group. It is a very handsome profusely 
flowering annual, a native of British Columbia, where it 
was discovered by D. Douglas in 1826, and extends from 
thence to Southern California in the west, and eastwards to 
Idahos and the borders of Mexico. Our plants were raised 
from seed kindly sent by Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, 
and flowered in the open border in July, 1885. A. Gray 
describes a variety with rose-purple rays as occurring in 

Descr. A hispidly hairy leafy annual, excessively 
branched from the base, the hairs simple or mixed with 
shorter ones that are tipped with black glands, especially 
on the peduncles and involucres ; branches slender, pale, 
terminating in solitary peduncled heads. Leaves alternate, 
one to one and a half inches long, by one-sixth to a quarter 

Jan. 1st, 1886. 

of an inch broad, sessile by a broad base, linear, obtuse, 
one-nerved, quite entire, or a few of the lower sparingly 
pinnatifidly lobed. Heads one to one and a half inches in 
diameter ; involucre of linear, rigid, erect, hispid and glan- 
dular green bracts. Ray-flowers eight to thirteen ; tube 
glandular, embraced at the base by the dilated auricled 
margins of the inner bracts ; limb broadly cuneately 
obovate, with three rounded terminal lobes, pearly white. 
Pappus none, or very scanty. Style-arms slender, revolute. 
Disk-flowers tubular-campanulate, very shortly five-lobed ; 
lobes ciliolate. Anthers exserted, base obtuse. Style-arms 
revolute. Achenes clavate, villous ; pappus of ten to 
twenty rigid scabrid unequal bristles about as long as the 
achene, and villously hairy below the middle. — /. D. H. 

Kg; 1, Portion of ray-flower and bract ; 2, outer bract ; 3, disk-flower ; 4, 
stamens ; 5, stigmatic arms; G, acbene and pappus: — all enlarged. 


M S 3d .TOTildvM: 

VrncerABroolts Day &_San3inp. 

1 TJ o ^-ir 

Tab. 6S57. 

Native of British Columbia and Oregon. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rose;e. 
Genus Rosa, Linn. ; (JBenth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 625.) 

Rosa pkocarpa ; gracilis, fere glaber, inermis v. aculeis stipularibus pancis parvis 
rectis v. ascendentibus, foliolis parvis ellipticis obtusis serrate, floribus parvis 
solitariis corymbisve paucifloris, bracteis paucis linearibn*, calyeis tubo urceo- 
lato glabro, lobis e basi late ovata longe et angusie pvoductis extus nodis 
glandulosisve intus pubescentibus apicibus dilatatia, fructu globopo pisi mole 
vertice infra lobos persistentes erectos constricto, stigmatibus liberis, acheniis 
dimidiato-oblongis dorso apiceque hirsutis. 

R. pisocarpa, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. viii. p. 382, and in Bot. Calif. 
vol. i. p. 187; S. Wafs. Bill. Ind. N. Amer. Bot. p. 313, and in Broc. 
Amer. Acad. Art. and Sc. vol. xx. p. 342. 

\l. nutkana? var. microcarpa, Crepin in Bull Soc. Bot. Belg. vol. xiv. p. 44, 

To discuss the affinities of any rose, British or Exotic, is 
no light matter even for a specialist in the genus, and I 
hesitate to offer any opinion upon this little species, which 
in habit resembles no other known to me. At first sight 
it seems as different as roses are " inter se " from B. cali- 
fornica, which is a much larger, coarser, many-flowered 
species with recurved prickles ; but S. Watson, in his 
revision of the North American Roses, regards it as " rather 
doubtfully distinct from that plant, distinguished by the 
somewhat smaller and more globose fruit, and by the 
prickles never recurved, but frequently ascending." 

B. pisocarpa was first described as a native of Oregon, 
and a specimen so named by Crepin was gathered by 
Douglas on the Columbia River in 1826, but as this is of a 
larger and coarser plant with ovoid fruit, I should refer it 
to B. califomica. Dr. Gray and I gathered it in the 
Upper Sacramento Valley, California, at an elevation of 
4000 to 6000 feet in 1877, and it is probably not an 
uncommon plant in North California. Giay describes the 
calyx-lobes as reflexed, and the fruiting peduncle as 
nodding, which is not the case in dried specimens, nor in 
those that flowered at Kew. In the " Botany of Cali- 

jak. 1st, 1886. 

forma," it is further stated that the fruit is not constricted 
below the calyx-lobes, which it is very conspicuously. 
The Kew plants were raised from seed received from Prof. 
Sargent, and flowered in the Arboretum in July ; the fruit 
ripened in September. 

Descb. A small, rather straggling, slender, much 
branched, nearly glabrous bush, unarmed or with small 
(rarely stout) straight or upcurved stipular spines. Leaves 
two to three inches long, petiole and rachis very slender, 
minutely pubescent. Leaflets two to three pair and an 
odd one, three-quarters of an inch long, broadly elliptic, 
obtuse, finely serrate, dark green but not shining above, 
paler and puberulous beneath ; stipules narrow, not leafy. 
Flowers one inch in diameter, solitary or in few- 
flowered corymbs, pedicel slender, rarely hispid. Calyx 
glandular; tube urceolate in flower; lobes very long, 
the broadly triangular ovate base contracted into a 
very slender lamina three times as long as the tube and 
slightly dilated at the tip, hoary within. Petals orbicular, 
two-fid, rose-coloured. Stamens very numerous, filaments 
short ; anthers pale yellow. Stigmas very shortly exserted, 
free. Fruit erect, globose, one-third to one-half of an inch 
in diameter, bright red, crown contracted into a neck 
beneath the long erect calyx-lobes. Achenes dimidiate - 
oblong, hirsute on the back and tip. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx laid open, with stamens and carpels ; 2, carpels ; 3, ripe fruit of 
the natural size; 4, achene:— all but fig. 3 enlarged. 


KS.dal J.N.FrtchMi. 

I . '• '«m.]mp. 

Tab. 6858. 
LISSOCHILUS Sandibsoni. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^;.— Tribe Vande^e. 
Genus Lissochiltts, Br.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 536.) 

Lissochilus Sandersoni ; elatus, robustus, foliis 3-4-pedalibus 3-4 poll, latis 
elongato-lanceolatis subacutis in petiolum elongatum an^ustatis, scapo OjHn- 
draceo, spica pedali rachi robusto, bracteis magnis elliptico-oblonsjis corn-avis 
viridibus, floribus 2-2 i poll, diam., sepalis viridibus brunneo-spbacelatis acutis 
late oblongis basi angustatis postico paullo majors, petalts amplis sepalis triplo 
majoribus late falcato-obiongis candidis apicerotundatis, labelli lobis lateralibus 
amplis erectis concavis sepalis concoloribus, intermcdio quadrato integTO 
ambitu purpureo striisque saturate purpureis lineato, disco flavido papillis 
elongatis 3-5-plici seriatis densis cristato, calcare labelli conico obtuso, columna 

L. Sandersoni, Heichb. f. Otia Botan. Hamburgens. fasc. I. p. 62, non llari-cy 

A stately species of what was till lately a small genus of 
Orchids, but which recent collections made in tropical 
Africa give promise of proving a very large one, with its 
headquarters in that country. It is, however, more 
probable that all will merge into Eulophia, which, as 
Mr. N. E. Brown has shown me, cannot be satisfactorily 
distinguished from it. Of the previous figured kinds, 
L. Sandersoni approaches nearest to L. Ilorsfallii, Batem., 
of Old Calabar, which, however, differs conspicuously in 
the narrower sepals, their dark maroon-purple colour, and 
that of the mid-lobe of the lip, as well as in the disk of the 
latter being covered with linear toothed wings. 

L. Sandersoni is a native of Natal, and was first made 
known by a drawing sent to Kew by the late Mr. Sanderson 
in 1867, from which Reichenbach's specific description was 
drawn up, and a specimen has since been kindly communi- 
cated by Mrs. Sanderson. The drawing alluded to appears 
to have been made from a faded specimen, for though 
agreeing in all essentials with the plant here figured, the 
flowers are much smaller and colours faded. There is in 
the Kew Herbarium a very similar and probably identical 

FEB. 1st, 1886. 

species, collected in the Shire Highlands, Zambesia, by 
Mr. Buchanan, communicated from the Herbarium of the 
Edinburgh Botanical Gardens. The L. Sander soni of 
Harvey is quite a different plant, and, as pointed out in the 
" Genera Plantarum," referable to the genus Cymbidium, 
from wanting a spur. 

Tor plants of this majestic Orchid, the Royal Gardens 
are indebted to Mr. Lyle, of Natal, who gave them in 
1879. After making some growth, the roots were trans- 
ferred a few years ago to one of the beds in the Palm 
House, with a south exposure, where they flowered for the 
first time in June last. 

Descr. RootstocJc stout, subterranean. Leaves three to four 
feet long by three to four inches broad, elongate-lanceolate, 
acute, plaited and many-nerved, narrowed into a long petiole, 
bright green. Scape six to seven feet high, robust, 
cylindric, with one or two sheathing bracts. Spike a 
foot long, erect ; rachis stout ; flowers pretty close, two to 
two and a half inches in diameter ; bracts one inch long 
and less, oblong, obtuse or acute, very coriaceous and 
concave, green with brownish edges. Sepals elliptic-oblong, 
narrowed at the base, incurved, dirty green with suffused 
brown edges and nerves, dorsal rather the largest. Petals 
very much larger than the sepals, obliquely falcately 
broadly oblong, obtuse, pure white. Lip large, contracted 
below into a short conoidal obtuse spur ; side lobes large, 
rounded, erect and incurved, very concave, dark green 
with brownish veins ; mid-lobe between square and 
rounded; limb pale violet with darker purple streaks; 
disk pale yellow-green, studded with long papillae in three 
to five rows. Column large, arched, white; anther two- 
toothed— «7. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Eeduced figure of whole plant; 2, portion of leaf; 3, section of leaf; 
4, spike ; 5, column and ovary ; 6, anther ; 7 and 8, pollen-masses and gland : — all 
but Jigs. 1, 2, and 4 enlarged. 



"VmcentBroote^ay &.Son Imp- 

Tab. 6859. 
CALOTROPIS peoceea. 

Native of Western and Central India. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiadejs. — Tribe Cynanciie-E. 
Genus Caloteopis, Brown; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 754.) 

Calotropis procera; frutex glaber, inflorescentia appresse lanata, foliis subsfssili- 
bus ovatis obovato-oblongis obovatisve acutis basi cordatis, floribus alabastro 
depresso-globosis corymbosis, pedieellis gracilibus, corollas lobis late ovatis 
acutis planis incurvis extus albis intus purpureis, columna staminea brevi 
squamis brevibus bifidis, calcaribus incurvis. 

C. procera, Brown in Ait. Ilort. Few. ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 78; BZamilt. in Trans. 

■ Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 246 ; Wight Contrib. p. 53, and Ic. t. 1278 ; Brand. 

For.Fl.-p. 331; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iv. p. 57; Bene, in T)C. Prodr. 

vol. viii. p. 535; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 18; Bot. Beer. t. 1792 ; 

Bentl. et Trim. Med. PI. (arcl. cit. Rheede), t. 176. 

C. Hamiltoni, Wall. Cat. n. 8215 ; Wight Contrib. p. 53. 

C Wallicbii, Wight Contrib. p. 53 ; Wall. Cat. n. 8216. 

C. heterophvlla, Wall. Cat. n. 8217 ; Wight Contrib. p. 53. 

Asclepias procera, Willd. Sp. PI. 1263 ; Schneevogt Ic. t. 18. 

A. gigantea, Andrews Bot. Rep. t. 271. 

A frequent native of Western and Central India, where 
it is known chiefly for its medicinal properties as " Mudar," 
from Scinde and the Panjab, eastwards to Behar and 
Bombay, reappearing in Ava, but not inhabiting the 
Deccan, nor the eastern districts of Bengal and the Malayan 
Peninsula and Islands ; on the other hand it has an im- 
mense extension westwards, through Affghanistan into 
Persia and Syria, and over many drier parts of N. tropical 
Africa to the Cape de Yerd Islands. The inner bark yields 
a strong flax (Mudar and Yercum fibre), from which halters, 
lines, and ropes are made ; the silky hairs of the seeds are 
used to stuff mattresses ; the acrid milky juice, mixed with 
salt, is employed to remove hair from hides ; pieces of the 
roots are in common use for tooth-brushes, or rather are 
used as tooth-rubbers, and gunpowder charcoal is made of 
the wood. In all these properties and uses it resembles 
G. gigantea (Plate 6862) in greater or less degree, as it 

FEB. 1st, 1886. 

does also in repute of the drug derived from the powdered 
bark of the root, stem, and branches. This, the famous 
Mudar of Oriental physicians, is much used as an alterative 
tonic, diaphoretic, and in large doses as an emetic, and is 
used in many other diseases, especially in dysentery, as an 
excellent substitute for ipecacuanha. It is, however, not 
in the British or American official Pharmacopoeias, but is in 
the Indian. 

G. procera has been long known in Europe. Prosper 
Alpinus, at the end of the last century, alludes to it as 
a native of Egypt ; and according to Aiton it was intro- 
duced into England in 1814 by the Duchess of Beau- 
fort, from Persia. It has been repeatedly raised at Kew, 
and lost by over-watering. The plant here figured was 
raised from seed sent by Dr. King, of the Botanical Gardens, 
Calcutta, which flowered in June. 

Desob. A shrub, six to ten or even fifteen feet high, 
with rather slender glabrous branches and leaves, the 
younger parts hoary, and inflorescence clothed with ap- 
pressed wool. Leaves four to ten inches long, subsessile 
and amplexicaul, coriaceous, glabrous when old, young 
hoary beneath, oblong or obovate-oblong, acute with a ring 
of hairs at the very base. Flowers one-half to two-thirds 
of an inch in diameter, in axillary peduncled subcorymbose 
umbels ; peduncle and pedicels slender. Sepals ovate, 
small, green. Corolla-lobes broadly ovate, spreading and 
incurved, white without, purple within to a greater or less 
depth, with a white base and margin. Stamina! column 
very low, with five bifid purple points, and as many in- 
curved (not involute) horns at the base. Fruit-follicles 
three to five inches long, oblong, recurved, rounded at 
both ends, yellow-green, bladdery. Seeds three-quarters 
of an inch long, with a long silky coma. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Sepal ; 2, staminal column ; 3, pollen-masses: — all enlarged. 




^feicentBroak^Day &.S01U 

Tab. 6860. 
SYNTHYRIS eeniformis. 

Native of California and Oregon. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophulabine^:. — Tribe Digitaleje. 
Genus Synthybis, Benth.; (Benth. ct Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p, 969.) 

Syuthyhis reniformis ; glaberrima v. sparse pilosa, foliis longe petiolatis coriaceis 
cordato-rotundatis duplicato-crenatis dentatisve, scapo robusto erecto foliis 
longiore bracteato, racemis multifloris, bracteis oblonaris obtusis, peduvllis 
sepalis subsequilongis, corollas pallide violacere tubo globoso, lobis oblongo- 
lanceolatis postico majore 2-dentato, capsula ovbieulari 2-fida valde eompressa 
pleiosperma, seminibus compressis marginibus tenuibus. 

S. reniformis, Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 454 ; Hook. Kew Jonrn. But. 
vol. v. p. 257; A. Gray Synopt. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. pars 1, p. 285; Bot. 
Calif, vol. i. p. 571, in part, and vol. ii. p. 474. 

Wulfenia reniformis, Dougl. in Hook. Fl. Bar. Am. vol. ii. p. 102. 

The genus Synthyris, of which seven species are 
described, all North-Western American, is the New World 
representative of the Wulfenias of the Alps of Eastern 
Europe and the Himalaya, approaching that genus very 
nearly both, in habit and characters. Of the described 
species, two seem to have been a good deal confounded, 
the S. reniformis, Benth., and 8. rotundifolia, Gray, from 
the fact of both being figured under the former name in 
the " Flora Boreali Americana," one in flower and the other 
in fruit. Of these, one, distinguished by Gray as 8. rotwfc 
difolia, is a small plant, with weak slender scape, shorter 
than the membranous broadly crenate leaves, a small few- 
flowered raceme with slender pedicels, broader sepals and 
corolla-lobes, and, according to Gray, fewer seeds in the 
cells of the capsule. The other, the subject of this plate, 
is a much larger stouter plant, with more acutely cut 
coriaceous leaves, longer stouter scape, and long racemes, 
shorter pedicels, narrow sepals and corolla-lobes, a globose 
corolla-tube and more seeds in the cells. Both were found 
in the mountains near the Grand Rapids of the Columbia 
River and the Blue Mountains by Douglas in 1827, and are 

FEB. 1st, 1886. 

figured on the same plate in the " Flora Boreali Americana " 
as Wulfenia reniformis, which latter name is now retained for 
that here figured. Its range is from Oregon to N. California, 
and westwards to Idaho. S. rotundifolia inhabits, besides 
the habitat given by Douglas, Fort Vancouver and the Willa- 
mette River, and a var. cordata, Gray, occurs in Mendocino 
County, California. May it not be possible that these 
supposed species are sexual forms of one ? The capsule 
varies very much in 8. reniformis, from orbicular and 
obscurely retuse to broadly two-lobed. 

For plants of 8. reniformis the Royal G-ardens are 
indebted to Mr. Brockbank, of Didsbury, Manchester, with 
whom it flowered in April of last year. It is perfectly 

Descr. Glabrous or obscurely hairy. Eootstoch stout, 
elongate. Leaves one and a half to two and a half inches 
in diameter, orbicular-cordate, coriaceous, doubly-toothed, 
often sharply, sinus narrow, bright green on both surfaces. 
Scape five to ten inches long, stout, with many scattered 
leafy crenate sessile or petioled bracts. Raceme erect, four 
to six inches long, very many- but not dense-flowered; 
bracts coriaceous, oblong, longer than the pedicels, which 
about equal the sepals. Flowers pale violet, about a quarter 
of an inch long. Sepals linear-oblong and pedicels glandular- 
hairy. Corolla-tube inflated, globose, hairy within, shorter 
than the sepals ; lobes oblong-lanceolate, unequal, 
dorsal largest two-toothed, anterior smallest. Stamens 
exserted ; anthers large. Ovary globose, hairy ; style 
slender, stigma capitate. Capsule flat, erect, a quarter 
of an inch in diameter, orbicular, retuse or notched, or 
with diverging lobes. Seeds flat. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, corolla ; 3, interior of tube of ditto and stamens ; 4, ovary ; 
5, transverse section of ditto ; 6, capsule and calyx: — all enlarged. 


"M S . del, J/N . ntdUrtli, 

-VmcentBrooW 3 ay & Son-*?' 

Tab. 6861. 
KHYNCHANTHUS longiflobus. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine.e. — Tribe ZlNOIBJEK&B. 
Genus novum, Rhynchanthus ; Hook./. 

Gen. Chab. Calyx anguste tubulosus, ore fisso, truncatus, retusus. Corollte 
tubus elongatus, superne dilatatus ; lobi breves, ovato-lanceolati, longe acumi- 
nati, erecti, postico paullo majore. Staminodia lateralia ; labellain obsoletum. 
Filamentum valde elongatum, longe exsertum, curvum, anguste cymbiforme, 
teres, in rostrum elongatum antheriferum productum; anthera breviter line- 
aris, 2-locularis, connectivo non producto. Ovarium 3-loculare, oo-ovulatnm, 
stylodiis 2 oblongis coronatum ; stylus filiformis, ultra antheras productus, 
stigmate infundibulari truncato. — Herba gracilis, rhizomate tuheroso rtuUcw 
crassas tomentosas emittente. Caulis ercctus, fuliosus. Folia disticlttt, 
oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata. Flores in spica terminali pauci, io$tile*, 
4<-poUicares, anguste tuhulosi ; bractece 2, elongata, membranacea, coloratce. 
Corolla pallide viresccns ; fdamento stramineo. 

This very curious plant differs generically from any 
hitherto described. In some respects it approaches Burbidgea 
(Plate 6403), next which it will stand in the Order, and 
which it resembles a little in the long flower-buds ; but 
here all resemblance ends, Burbidgea having thick coria- 
ceous glossy leaves (most unusual in the Order), shortly 
pedicelled flowers with caducous bracts, large broad 
spreading corolla-lobes, a distinct lip, the blade of which 
embraces the anthers, a stamen with a very short filament, 
an anther terminated with a very long appendage, and a 
minute oblique almost spathulate stigma. Rhynchanthus, 
on the other hand, has the ordinary membranous leaves of 
Zin/jiberece, sessile flowers with very large loose membranous 
probably persistent bracts, remarkably small erect corolla- 
lobes, a lip reduced to a mere point, and a most curious 
petaloid filament, like a very long canoe, exserted far 
beyond the corolla-lobes, terminated by an anther with no 
appendage, and the stigma is erect and funnel-shaped. 

Rhynckanthus was procured from Burma by Messrs. 
Low, of the Clapton Nurseries, and was presented early in 
last year to Kew, where it flowered in a stove in July. 

FEB. 1st, 1886. 

Unfortunately no record was kept at the Nursery of the 
exact locality where it was found, or of its discovery. 

Desce. Rootstock tuberous, broadly ovoid, one to one and 
a half inches in diameter, green, fleshy, sending out very 
stout worm-like tomentose roots, and from its side the young 
stem of the following year. Stem eighteen inches high, 
erect, slender, with ten or twelve distichous leaves. Leaves 
six to eight inches long by one and a half inches broad, 
oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, membranous, bright green, 
with a very narrow brown edge, base contracted into a 
very short petiole ; sheath slender, pale, with short rounded 
auricles at the mouth. Flowers four inches long, few, erect, 
in a terminal subsessile spike with a slender rachis. Bract* 
two, one and a half inches long, spathaceous, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, very membranous, hyaline, pale orange-red. Calyx 
shorter than the bracts, tubular, with a split mouth and 
rounded retuse tip. Corolla pale yellow-green ; tube two 
inches long, swollen above the middle ; lobes one-third of an 
inch long, ovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate, concave, erect, 
greener than the tube. Lip reduced to a mere point at 
the base of the filament. Filament one and a half inches 
long, elongate, boat-shaped, being swollen in the middle 
and open in front, slightly curved, exserted far beyond the 
perianth, contracted into a long point at the tip, straw- 
coloured ; anther shortly linear-oblong, orange-yellow. 
Ovary very short, pubescent, three- celled, many-ovuled, 
crowned with two oblong stylodes ; style very slender, 
exserted beyond the anther, stigma funnel-shaped ; mouth 
truncate, entire, not ciliate. — J. I). H. 

_ Fig. 1, Reduced view of whole plant ; 2, rootstock ; and 3, stem of the natural 
size ; 4, calyx clothed at the base with the base of the inner bract (concealing the 
ovary); 5, corolla and stamen; 6, stamen ; 7, top of style and stigma; 8, ovary 
and stylodes ; 9, transverse section of ovary ; 10, ovules:— all but figs. 1, 2, and 1 




VmcprttBroaks.I/ay & Sq&J^P 

L.P,eeve &. C ° London. 

Tab. 6862. 


Native of India. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^:. — Tribe Cynanche.e. 

Genus Calotkopis, Br. ; (Benth. et BTook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 7-jJ.) 

CaLOTBopis gigantea ; arbuscula ramulis foliis subtus et inflorescentia appresse 
lanatis, foliis sessilibus late oblongis v. cuneato-oblongis obovatisve submucro- 
natis basi cordatis v. amplexicanlibus, peduncnlis axillaribus, iloribus alabastro 
ovoideis corymbosis albis v. lilacinis pedicellis crassis, corolla? lobis revolntis 
tortisque, columna staminea magna crassa truncata, calcaribus basi involutis. 

C. gigantea, Br. in Ait. Mart. Kew. ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 78; Hamilt. in Trans. Linn, 
Soc. vol. xiv. p. 245; Wight III. PL Ind. Or. t. 155, 156 A; Brand. For. 
Flor. p. 331 ; Griff. Ic PL Asiat. t. 397, 398 ; Dene, in DC. Prodr. 
vol. viii. p. 535 ; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 17 ; Bot. Reg. t. 58. 

Asclepias gigantea, Willd. Sp. PL p. 1264 ; Boxb. FL Ind. vol. ii. p. 30. 

Ericu et Bel-ericu, Rheede Sort. Mat. vol. ii. pp. 52, 56, t. 31. 

Both this and G. procera having flowered in the same 
month of the same year, I have taken the opportunity of 
figuring both in the same number of the Magazine. C. 
gigantea is a much larger coarser plant than G. proeera, 
and the area it inhabits is much more extended to the east- 
ward, reaching China and Borneo. It occurs in waste 
places throughout India, from the Panjab and Scinde to 
Ceylon and Singapore, often gregariously, and ascends the 
Himalayan valleys to 3000 feet elevation. Brandis remarks 
of it, that it may be said to belong to the moister districts 
of India, and its congener to the drier ; but this is only so 
far the case that the latter never reaches the more rainy 
regions of Bengal and transgangetic India, where C. gigantea 
abounds. A better contrast is afforded by the extra-Indian 
distribution of the two ; that of G. gigantea being to the 
eastward, reaching China, and of G. proeera confined to the 
westward, and reaching the Cape de Verd Islands. The 
properties of the two are akin, but the strong silky flax 
yielded by the inner bark of G. gigantea is finer, and used 
for making the robes of native princes, as also for bow- 
strings, fishing-lines and nets, for which latter purpose its 

FEB. 1st, 1886. 

indestructibility in water recommends it. It is also used, 
as Mudar, medicinally, and a fine gunpowder cliarcoal is 
made from the wood. Rheede distinguishes a white and 
lilac-flowered variety by the colour alone. Roxburgh follows 
him in this. 

The specimen here figured was raised from seeds sent 
from the Kurnod district, Madras, by the Rt. Hon. M. B. 
Grant Duff, Governor of Madras, in 1883, which flowered 
in June of the present year. According to Aiton, it was 
cultivated in the Royal Gardens at Hampton Court as early 
as 1690. In India it flowers and fruits all the year round. 

Descb. A large shrub, almost a small tree, never leafless, 
with a trunk sometimes as thick as the thigh, and spreading 
sparingly leafy branches covered with ash-coloured bark ; 
shoots, leaves beneath and inflorescence clothed with white 
wool. Leaves four to six inches long, leathery, pale green, 
opposite, decussate, subsessile, obovate or cuneately oblong, 
acute or mucronate ; base often retuse, ciliate at the inser- 
tion of the very short petiole ; sometimes semi-amplexicaul. 
Floivers one to one and a half inches in diameter, in simple 
or subcorymbose umbels, with very thick peduncles and 
pedicels ; colours a mixture of white, pale rose-coloured 
and lilac, buds ovoid. Sepals small, ovate. Petals broadly 
ovate, reflexed and twisted in flower. Staminal column 
very large, one-half to two-thirds of an inch long and 
almost as broad, between conical and broadly oblong, 
rather turgid in the middle, almost truncate at the top, 
spurs at the base involute, margins of the appendages 
tomentose. Fruit-follicles three to five inches long, oblong, 
recurved, rounded at both ends, pale yellow, bladdery. 
Seeds three-quarters of an inch long, with a long silky 
coma, — J. I). H. 

Figr. 1, Section of calyx, staminal column, and ovary ; 2, top of staminal column ; 
:5, pollen-masses :— all enlarged. 


M S.cLbLJ.'NJ 


Tab. 6863. 
aloe heteracantha. 

Native country unknown. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Tribe Aloine^:. 
Genus Aloe, Linn.,- (Benth. et RooTc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 776.) 

Aloe heteracantha j caule brevissimo simplici, foliis 15-30 dense rosulatis lanceo- 
latis pedalibus obscure verticalitev lineatis parce irregulariter albo maculatis 
facie ssepe lineis 2 elevatis verticalibus percursis margine inermibus vel aculeis 
paucis inaequalibus deltoideis armatis, floribus racemoso-paniculatis, pedunculo 
valido ancipiti, racemis densis cylindricis, pedicellis flore 2-3-plo bi-evioribus, 
bracteis ovatis pedicello brevioribus, perianthio cylindrico splendide rubro 
tubo brevissimo, genitalibus periantbio sequilongis. 

A. heteracantha, BaJcer in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 161. 

This is an Aloe which we have had for a long time at 
Kew, but have never before flowered, and of which the 
flowers have never been described. Its history is not 
clearly known, but it is believed to have been brought from 
the Jardin des Plantes at Paris many years ago by Mr. 
Cooper. It has been thought that it might be identical 
with the Aloe inermis of Forskahl, an inhabitant of Arabia 
Felix, but of this no specimens are known to exist, and the 
description is extremely incomplete. Mr. Brown tells me 
that it has also been flowered at Reigate in the open air by 
Mr. Cooper, and that when so grown the leaves are much 
smaller than in our plant, and strongly tinted with red- 
brown. Our plant was grown under a subtropical tempera- 
ture, and the drawing was made in June, 1885. 

Descr. Stem simple, very short. Leaves fifteen to thirty 
in a dense rosette, ascending, lanceolate, half to one foot 
long, one and a half to two and a half inches broad low 
down, narrowed gradually to the concave apex, green or in 
exposure tinted with red-brown, obscurely vertically lineate 
towards the base, often with a few irregular small whitish 
spots, and often marked down the face with one or two 
faint raised vertical ribs, usually furnished with a few ir- 
regular spreading deltoid prickles on the margin. Infiorea- 

march 1st, 1886. 

cence three feet high in the specimen drawn, consisting of 
three branches ; main peduncle very stout, ancipitous, a 
foot long below the lowest branch ; racemes dense, cylin- 
drical, half a foot or a foot long, three inches in diameter ; 
pedicels ascending, cernuous at the tip, the lower half or 
three-quarters of an inch long ; bracts ovate, acute, shorter 
than the pedicels. Perianth cylindrical, an inch and a 
quarter or an inch and a half long ; tube very short ; outer 
segments bright red; inner whitish, with a red keel. 
Stamens as long as the perianth ; anthers oblong, reddish- 
yellow. Style longer than the ampullseform ovary, reaching 
to the tip of the perianth-segments. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, The whole plant, much reduced; 2, leaf, natural size; 3, raceme, 
natural size; 4, a single flower; 5, flower, with perianth-segments cut away; 
6 and 7, stamens ; 8, pistil ; 9, ovary ; 10, horizontal section of ovary : — all more 
or less enlarged. 



"Vincent Braoks,I>ay iSoxiln?- 

T.T?pjl-.v ft r-o ^^i 

Tab. 6864. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace^:. — Tribe Lobelieje. 
Genus Colensoa, Hook./.; (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 557.) 

Colensoa physaloides, Hook. f. Fl. Nov. ZeL vol. i. p. 157, and Handbook of 
New Zeald. FL p. 170. 

Lobelia physaloides, A. Cunn. Bot. N. Zeald. in Tayl. Ann. Nat. Hist. vol. ii. 
p. 20; DC. Frodr. vol. vii. Addit. p. 785 ; Hook. Ic. Fl. t. 555. 

The natural family of Campanulacece, of which upwards 
of thirty species inhabit Australia, is very poorly repre- 
sented in New Zealand, where, however, a monotypic 
genus, the subject of the present plate, is endemic. This 
last in floral characters comes near to Pratia, a genus 
found in all three continents of the southern hemisphere, 
which, extends into tropical Asia, and which differs from 
Colensoa in the usually small size and creeping habit of the 
species, their more equal corolla-lobes, and solitary flowers, 
and in some or all the anthers being strongly bearded or 
terminated by bristles. In other respects Colensoa is a 
gigantic Pratia. The name it bears is that of one who 
well deserves the name of the patriarch of living New 
Zealand Naturalists, W. Colenso, Esq., the friend of Allan 
Cunningham, who botanized the Northern Island in 1838, 
the companion of Darwin in some of his rambles about the 
Bay of Islands in 1835, and the zealous aider of the 
Naturalists of the Antarctic Expedition in 1841. Of him 
it is written in the Preface to the " Handbook of the New 
Zealand Flora," that " during many successive years he 
has collected throughout the whole length of the Northern 
Island with great care and skill, discovering more rare and 
new plants than any botanists since Banks and Solander," 
and that "in every respect Mr. Colenso is the foremost 
New Zealand Botanical Explorer, and the one to whom 
the author of the Flora of that country is the most indebted 

march 1st, 1886. 

for specimens and observations." Nor have Mr. Colenso's 
researches been confined to Botany ; he was the first to 
bring to notice the former existence of the gigantic birds, 
the Moas, and his labours in the Language, Ethnology, 
Habits, Customs, Arts and Manufactures of the Natives 
of New Zealand are no less valuable than are his botanical 

Colensoa is, as far as hitherto known, confined to the 
northern parts of the Northern Island of New Zealand, 
from Wangaroa to Cape North, where it occurs on the 
margins of forests. It was first found by Richard 
Cunningham in 1834, who referred it to Lobelia, from 
Avhich its fruit abundantly distinguishes it. 

The plants here figured were raised at Kew from seeds 
sent by Dr. Hector, F.R.S., in 1883, which flowered in 
September, 1885, in a cool frame. 

Descr. A stout glabrous simple or sparingly-branched 
herb, two to three feet high ; stem succulent, dull purplish, 
obtusely angled below. Leaves alternate, petioled, four to 
six inches long, ovate or elliptic-ovate, acute, coarsely often 
doubly serrate or toothed, bright green, pale beneath; 
petiole one to five inches long, slender. Flowers two inches 
long, in axillary usually few-flowered (rarely eight to ten- 
flowered) racemes, inclined or horizontal ; pedicels a quarter 
to half an inch long, with small scattered subulate bracts. 
Calyx-tube hemispheric, obscurely five-furrowed; lobes 
subulate, as long as the tube. Corolla very pale blue, two- 
lipped, at length split to the base posteriorly, tube very 
short ; upper lip of two linear erect acuminate lobes ; 
lower as long, but much broader, reflexed, oblong, three- 
toothed at the tip. Staminal column pubescent ; anthers 
firmly united, hirsute, tips hardly bearded. Stigma at 
first capitate, at length two-lobed. Berry globose, nearly 
one inch in diameter, five-lobed, dark blue, thinly fleshy, 
crowned with the calyx-lobes. Seeds very numerous, 
minute, globose, tuberculate. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Flower with the calyx-teeth and corolla removed ; 2, tips of two fila- 
meuts and anthers ; 3, transverse section of fruit ; 4, a seed -.—all enlarged. 




r 4SonIn$ 

.."Reeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 6865. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Oleace.e. — Tribe Jasmines. 
Genus Jasminum, Linn.; (Benth. et IIooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 674.) 

Jasminum angulare; glabrura pubescens v. tomentosum, ramulis ssepe tortuosis 
costato-angulatis v. teretiusculis, foliis oppositis 3-foliolatis, foliolis petiolu- 
latis ovatis oblongis rotundatis lanceolatisve obtusis subacutis v. mucronatis 
coriaceis, basi obtusis acutis rotundatis v. cordatis, pedunculis axillaribus et in 
paniculam terminalem dispositis, trifloris, floribus pedicellatis, calycis tubo 
breviter cylindraceo lobis brevibus acutis, corollae alboe tubo $-lk poll, longo 
gracili, fauce vix ampliata, lobis 5-7 lineari-oblongis obtusis. 

J. angulare, VaJd Symb. vol. iii. p. 1, and Enum. vol. i. p. 32 ; Willd. Sp. PL 
vol. i. p. 38 ; DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 311. 

J. tortuosum, Willd. Enum. PL vol. i. p. 10 ; DC. L c. 

J. flexile, Jacq. Sort. Schoenbr. vol. iv. p. 46, t. 490, non Vahl. 

J. campanulatum, Link. Jahrh. vol. i. 3 H. p. 30 ; Enum. Alt. vol. i. p. 32. 

J. capense, Thumb. Prodr. El. Cap. p. 2 ; EL Cap. p. 41. 

Vae. glabratura, E. Mey. in Coll. Drege ; DC. I.e.; wbolly or nearly glabrous. 

Apparently a common Cape plant, with an extended 
distribution from the Cape Colony proper eastward to 
British Kaffraria and Natal. It was introduced into Euro- 
pean Gardens early in the century, being figured in Jacquin's 
no Die work on the " Plants of the Imperial Gardens of 
Schoenbrunn " near Vienna. It is not, however, introduced 
into " Hortus Kewensis," and the only British-grown speci- 
men known to me is that here figured, which was obtained 
from the Cape by Mrs. Birks, and flowered in the Cambridge 
Botanical Gardens in July of last year. Mr. Lynch, to whom 
I am indebted for sending it, informs me that it is extremely 
pretty, and adorns a rafter of one of the greenhouses in 
the Botanic Gardens. Had it but the odour and hardiness 
of the Caucasian J. officinale, it would indeed be an acqui- 
sition to our domestic horticulture. 

Like all its congeners, J. angulare is an exceedingly 
variable plant, and is indeed more so than most ; for along 

MAHcn 1st, 1886. 

with the protean foliage, and length of the corolla-tube, 
and size and breadth of its lobes, it varies from being quite 
glabrous to softly tomentose with white hairs; and the 
calyx-teeth, though usually very short and triangular- 
subulate, are sometimes narrowly subulate, and as long as 
the calyx-tube. Thunberg's name of capense is most 
applicable, but unfortunately a few years later in date than 
the much less apposite one of angulare. That /. tortuosum 
is the same thing seems certain; the names have been 
promiscuously applied in the collections of Cape Botanists, 
and the characters given for the two are not distinctive. 

DjbsOB. A slender long branching climber, glabrous, 
pubescent or tomentose, or with pubescence confined to 
the axils of the leaf-nerves beneath, with green branches 
terete below and obtusely or subacutely four- to five-ribbed 
rather than angled towards the tips. Leaves opposite, 
trifoliolate, green, coriaceous; leaflets petiolulate, one to 
two inches long, of all forms between ovate orbicular and 
lanceolate, obtuse acute or mucronate ; base acute, rounded, 
or rarely cordate ; petiolules a quarter to one-third of an 
inch long; nerves few and slender. Flowers in clusters of 
three, which are axillary or disposed in a terminal panicle, 
pedicelled, white, inodorous. Calyx one-sixth of an inch 
long, cylindric-oblong, with five teeth which are equal to 
or shorter than the tube. Corolla white, tube two-thirds 
to one and a half inch long, very slender ; lobes five to 
seven, lanceolate, subacute. Fruit of two globose carpels 
the size of a small pea. — J. D. H. 

Fig- !> Portion of base of leaflet, seen from beneath, showing tuft of hairs in 
axils of leaf-nerves ; 2, section of branchlet ; 3, calyx and style ; 4, portion of 
corolla and stamen: — all enlarged. 



TfiBcmfBroolB^aya SonlwP- 

Tab. 6866. 
SOLANUM trilobatum. 

Native of the East Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Solanace^e. — Tribe Solane^e. 
Genus Solanum, Linn.; (Bent/i. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 888.) 

Solanttm trilobatum ; suffrutex subscandens, stellatim tomentellus, demum glaber, 
ramis flexuosis tenuibus viiridiiisculis petiolisque aculeis validis recurvis 
armatis, foliis subremotis petiolatis ovatis rotundatis oblongisve obtusis in- 
sequaliter sinuato-3-5-lobatis, cyrais lateralibus axillaribus et terminalibus 
paucifloris, pedicellis gracilibus elongatis, calycis lobis parvis, corolla; ampla; 
violacea? v. albaj lobis ovatis obtusis, bacca globosa rubra calyce immutato 
suffulta, seminibus Isevibus. 

S. trilobatum, Linn. Sp. PL p. 188 ; Burm. Fl.Lnd. p. 57, t. 22 ; Roxb. Fl. I*d. 
vol. i. p. 571 ; Ait. Hort. Kew, ed. 2, vol. i. p. 405 ; Dnnal Solan, p. 226, 
and in DC. Prodr. vol. xiii. pt. 1, p. 287; Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 851 ; 
Clarke in Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 236. 

S. acetosaefolium, Lamk. Diet. vol. iv. p. 306; Dunal Solan, p. 226. 

S. canaranum, Mia. PI. Exsicc. Hohenack., No. 740. 

It is rather remarkable that this very common and really 
ornamental Indian plant should not have been figured in any 
English work, though introduced into cultivation a hundred 
and thirty years ago. It is enumerated in Miller's " Gardener's 
Dictionary," and in the " Hortus Kewensis," which gives 
the date of its cultivation in Miller's garden as 1759. 
It is a very common plant in rubbishy places of the Western 
Peninsula of India and in Ceylon, growing prostrate and 
also ascending bushes for several feet by its hooked prickles. 
In the Eastern Peninsula it is found from Arracan to 
Malacca, in tidal swamps, and it occurs also in China. 
Roxburgh, who gives an excellent description of it, says 
that the leaves are a favourite pot-herb of the Telingas in 
the Northern Circars. 

The plant figured was raised from seed sent from Madras 
by the Rt. Hon. M. E. Grant Duff, Governor of Madras, 
and flowered in September. 

Descr. A prostrate rambling or climbing nearly gla- 
brous undershrub. Stem two to five feet high, slender, 

march 1st, 1886. 

woody, terete, rigid, sparingly or copiously branched, 
armed with stout recurved prickles, as are the petioles, 
midrib and sometimes the nerves of the leaf beneath, and 
often the peduncles. Leaves alternate, one to three inches 
long, long-petioled, oblong rounded or ovate, obtusely un- 
equally sinuately three- to five-lobed, smooth, shining, green 
on both surfaces. Peduncles usually leaf-opposed, but 
sometimes terminal from the arrest of a terminal bud, 
rarely axillary, solitary or accompanied by a single flowered 
pedicel, three- to six-flowered ; peduncles and pedicels 
slender. Calyx small, green ; lobes ovate, subacute. 
Corolla one to one and three-quarters of an inch broad, 
usually violet blue, but sometimes, according to Roxburgh, 
white ; lobes ovate-oblong obtuse, midrib of each lobe 
white at the base, giving a stellate appearance to the base 
of the corolla. Stamens large, golden yellow. Berry glo- 
bose, the size of a large pea, smooth, scarlet. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with the corolla removed; 2, stamen; 3, pistil: — all enlarged. 




L Re eve &. C? London. 

Tab. 6867. 

Native of Uruguay ? 

Nat. Ord. Cacte^e. — Tribe Echinocacte^. 

Ghmua Echinocactus, Link and Otto; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol i. 

p. 348.) 

Echinocactus Joadii; parvulus, depresso-globosus, vertice alte depi-essup, laete 
viridis, costis ad 20 £ poll, latis crenato-areolatis areolis (crenisve) rabdepreaao 
mammillaeformibus apice rotundatis loevibus, spinis intercrenalibus 1") 25 
exterioribus insequilongis gracilliuiis ereeto-patentibus albis, 1-4 centralibus 
fere duplo longioribus et fortioribus rubris porreetis, perianthio infundibulari 
2-3 poll, lato, tubo If poll, longo squamis perplurimis arete imbricatis denso 
obtecto, squamis oblongis ^ poll, longis apice pilis longis tortis crinitis, apice 
squamula lanceolata setisque 8-10 ereeto-patentibus rubris instructis, sepal U 
petalisque perplurimis plnriseratis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis pallide aureis, 
antheris minutis, stigmatibus 10-12 erectis coccirjeis. 

This beautiful species was in the rich collection bequeathed 
to the Royal Gardens by the late Mr. Joad, of Wimbledon, 
bearing the name of E. mammulosus, from the description 
of which, however, it widely differs. In form, size, number 
of ribs and their lobing into mammilla?, it agrees with that 
species, but the spines are far more numerous, more 
slender, none of them are flattened, and the inner ones are 
not deflexed. Mr. N. E. Brown, who has paid a good deal 
of attention to these plants, and has helped me in the 
determination of this, regards the species with recurred 
flattened inner spines as forming a very distinct group 
from those which, like E. Joadii, have perfectly terete 
slender straight ones. The difficulty of naming these 
Cacti from descriptions is so great, that it is with great 
hesitation that I put this forward as a new species ; but 
no other course presents itself. E. concinnus, figured at 
p. 551 of the second edition of " Forster's Cacteen," and 
which is always placed next to E. mammulosus, strongly 
resembles this in form, habit, and in the disposition of the 
spines, but it has fewer broader ribs, only twelve to fourteen 
spines in a group, and has lanceolate scales in the perianth- 
mabch 1st, 1886. 

tube. It must, however, be a very near ally. As both 
E. mammulosus and concinnus are natives of Uruguay, I 
have doubtfully assumed E. Joadii to be a countryman of 
those species. 

Descr. Plant two and a half inches in diameter, depressed 
globose, with a sunken crown, green, glabrous, except a 
the spine-bases. Bibs about twenty, vertical, rounded, 
crenately lobed into low rounded mammillae, which are 
most prominent towards the crown of the plant. Spines 
in groups of fifteen to twenty-five, sunk in the crenatures, 
with a small tuft of pale hairs at their bases ; all very 
slender, terete and quite straight, outer a quarter to one- 
third of an inch long, erecto-patent, very unequal, pale; inner 
one to three inner three-quarters of an inch long, stouter, 
red, quite horizontal or the upper erect. Floiver two 
inches long by two and a half in diameter. Perianth funnel- 
shaped; tube one and a half inch long, densely clothed 
with short imbricating oblong scales with rounded tips, each 
crowned with a lanceolate scale and eight to ten slender 
red spines, all surrounded at the base by a tuft of long 
curly hairs. Sepals and petals together in several series, 
lanceolate acuminate, golden yellow. Anthers very small. 
Stigmas ten to twelve, erect, bright red. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Tuft of spines ; 2, scale froin tube of perianths ; 3, stamens ; 4, stigmas s — 
all enlarged. 


I •', r.1.1, Wh 

: :.if v, Son inifi 

Tab. 6868. 

Native of Madeira. 

Nat. Ord. Boeagine.e. — Tribe Borages. 
Genus Echium, Linn. ; (Benth. et BZook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 863.) 

Echium candicans ; fruticosum, cano-hirsutum v. virescens, caule elato robusto 
ramoso, ramis crassis apices versus foliosis, foliis caulinis pedalibus lanceolatis, 
infra-floralibus multo minoribus confertis subulato-lanceolatis erectis v. paten- 
tibus, panicula elongato-oblonga ramulis perplurimis gracilibus patulis, floribus 
sessilibus, sepalis linearibus subacutis, corollse pallide azures lobis late ovatis 
obtusis, staminibus longe exsertis, stylo piloso ramis brevibus. 

E. candicans, Linn. f. Suppl. PI. p. 131 ; Jacq. Collect, vol. i. p. 4-1 j Ic. PL 
Bar. vol. i. t. 30. 

E. fastuosum, Jacq.fil. JEclog. t. 41, not of Ait on. 

This noble plant belongs to a group of the genus, in- 
habiting Madeira and the Canary Islands, all the species of 
which are so imperfectly characterized that I am in great 
doubt as to the name it should bear. Of these species two 
or more appear to be variously described under the names 
of E. candicans, Jacq., fastuosum, Ait., fastuosum, Jacq. fil., 
nervosum, Ait., and virescens, DC. It is uncertain whether 
all are Madeiran or some only, or all or some Canarian 
also. All are founded on cultivated specimens. In the 
hope that by shortly giving their history and the characters 
attributed to them the attention of horticulturists may be 
directed to the subject, I shall here do so. 

In 1781 the younger Linnaeus published E. candicans, 
from specimens brought by Masson from Madeira ; and in 
1786 the elder Jacquin figured it from a young and im- 
perfectly developed specimen with an unformed panicle of 
very pale blue flowers in the Schoenbrunn Gardens ; adding 
in the description that after six years the plant becomes 
subarboreous and bears a much longer and broader panicle. 
In 1793 he more fully described it in his " Collectanea," 
erroneously giving Teneriffe (Masson) as the native 
country. He was followed by Aiton, who in 1789 

apeil 1st, 1886. 

describes it as introduced from Madeira in 1777; and so 
matters rested till 1810, when the new edition of " Hortus 
Kewensis" appeared, wherein are described the above- 
mentioned E. candicans, Jacq., E. fastuosum, Ait., from the 
Canaries (Masson), with a cylindric raceme and acute sepals, 
and E. nervosum, Ait., from Madeira (Masson, 1877), with 
ovate raceme and subobtuse sepals. 

In 1811 the younger Jacquin in his " Eclogue" figured, 
also under the name of E. fastuosum, a plant which he says 
appeared amongst the pots of E. candicans in the Schoen- 
brunn Gardens, and differs from it ; but he does not say 
how. It is evidently not Alton's E. fastuosum, having a 
large broad panicle of pale blue flowers. 

De Candolle in 1813, in the Catalogue of the Montpellier 
Garden, has candicans as a Madeiran plant of Aiton's in 
the list (p. 25), but attributes it to Linn. fil. in his " Adno- 
tationes (p. 108), and describes it as having a spiciform 
panicle and intense blue-purple flowers. He also describes 
E. virescens, DC, from Teneriffe, to which he refers E. 
candicans of the elder Jacquin, but not of Linn. fil. ; it too 
has a spiciform panicle and bright blue corollas with white 
lines at the base. 

In 1815 an E. candicans is figured by Edwardes in the 
Botanical Register (vol. i. t. 44) with a compact cylindric 
spiciform panicle, and small bilabiate corollas with rounded 
lobes, the two upper small and blue, the three lower white. 

Lehman, in his "Plant. Asperif." (1818), describes candi- 
cans, Linn, fil., Jacquin and Aiton, as a Madeiran plant 
with a conical panicle, oblong acute sepals and blue corolla ; 
and fastuosum, Jacq. fil. {candicans, DC), native country 
unknown, as differing from candicans, Linn, fil., in its 
broader more hirsute ciliate less white leaves, large ovate 
tbyrse, dense spikelets and lanceolate sepals. 

Webb in "Hist. Nat. Ins. Canaries" (1845?) retains 
virescens, DC, referring to it E. candicans, Jacq., and 
doubtfully, E. fastuosum, Jacq. fil. ; he says it differs from 
candicans, Linn, fil., in the short subvelvety pubescence, and 
that it is found on the Mountains of Orotava only. 

De Candolle in the Prodromus (1846) describes candicans, 
Linn. fil. and Jacq. PL Rar., with virescens, DC, as a 
synonym, as with a lax panicle and corollas white or blue 
with white lines; and fastuosum, Jacq. fil. Eclog. (with 

nervosum, Ait., and candicans, DC. Cat. Hort. Monsp., as 
synonyms), as having a spiciform cylindric panicle and 
splendidly blue flowers, which is the reverse of Jacquin's 
character and figure. 

Lastly Carriere figures, in the " Revue Horticole " (1876, 
p. 10), as the Madeiran E '. fastuosum, Jacq., a plant with a 
dense spiciform cylindric panicle of the deepest gentian- 
blue corollas having broad short retuse lobes. 

There are two other authorities for E. candicans, 
Lamarck's " Encycloped." t. 94, which is altogether bad 
and unrecognizable, and Savi's " Flora Italiana," vol. iii. 
t. 91, a work I have not seen. 

Referring to Herbarium specimens, the counterpart of 
the plant here figured is from Madeira, named, apparently 
by Webb, (wrongly) " E. nervosum, Ait., E. fastuosum, DC. 
Prodr.," and there are other specimens both from Madeira 
and the Canaries named candicans and virescens differing 
very slightly, and chiefly in the more cylindric panicle. 
There are also specimens with the spiciform panicle of 
dense blue flowers named by Lowe E. candicans, from the 
Waterfall, alt. 3000 ft. 

The plant here figured was received from Sir G. Macleay, 
and flowered, when three feet in height, in April, 1885. A 
very similar one has been long in cultivation in the Tem- 
perate House, but I am not aware of its origin ; it forms a 
bush six feet high with an arboreous trunk and foliage of 
a green colour when fresh, but hoary-white when dry, and 
flowers in spring. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced view of -whole plant ; 2, leaves, and 3, panicle of the natural 
size; 4, flower-bud ; 5, stamens ; 6, ovary: — all enlarged. 




. : DayS-SoiV^' 

L.Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 6869. 
IRIS Bartoni. 

Native of Afghanistan. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^;. — Tribe Morjeeje. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (JBenth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 

Iris {Pogoniris) Bartoni ; rhizomate carnoso breviter repente, foliis ensiformibus 
bipedalibus lsete viridibus apice scariosis, pedunculo oligocepbalo foliis 
subajquilongo, spathse valvis exterioribus magnis divergentibus diutine 
viridibus, floribus 2-3-nis magnis albidis suaveolentibus breviter pedicellatis, 
ovario oblongo-trigono vix sulcato, periantbii tubo infundibulari viridulo 
pollicari, segmentis exterioribus obovatis unguiculatis infra medium reflexis 
barba elongata albo-aurantiaca decoratis venis facialibus luteo-viridibus inferi- 
oribus purpurascentibus, segmentis interioribns erectis exterioribus vix mino- 
ribus ungui angustiori purpureo venoso facie barbato, stigmatis cristis magnis 
deltoideis, antberis magnis albis. 

I. Bartoni, Foster in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xix. p. 275 (1883). 

This is a new species of the group of German Irises, for 
the introduction of which into cultivation we are indebted 
to Professor Michael Foster. Let me take the present 
opportunity of saying how glad I am that a biologist with 
his training and experience has made a speciality of the 
genus in the only way in which it is possible to investigate 
properly the relationship of the complicated series of forms 
to one another, by cultivating them side by side, and on 
this basis attempting to work out their life history and 
mutual affinities. It was procured in a garden at Kandahar, 
during the occupation of that city by our troops in 1880, 
and was sent home by Colonel Barton, after whom it was 
named, and who was informed by a native gardener that it 
was brought from a ditch not far distant. Of the well- 
known old European types it comes nearest to I. florentina, 
from which it differs in the colouring and veining of its 
perianth-segments, and especially in the claw of the inner 
segments being bearded, and in the very large divergent 
outer spathe-valves, which remain green for some time after 
the flowers have faded. Our drawing was made from 
specimens sent up by Mr. R. J. Lynch, from a plant grown 

april 1st, 1886. 

in the Cambridge Botanic Garden. It flowers at the 
beginning of June. 

Desce. Rhizome thick and fleshy, resembling that of 
I. fiorentina. Leaves ensiform, pale green, a foot and a 
half long, one and a half or two inches broad, strongly- 
ribbed, narrowed gradually to a scariose tip. Peduncle 
slightly overtopping the leaves, usually once forked. 
Flowers two or three in a cluster, creamy white, strongly 
scented ; pedicels very short ; outer spathe-valves oblong- 
navicular, four or four and a half inches long. Ovary 
oblong- trigonous, above an inch long ; perianth-tube infun- 
dibuliform, greenish, an inch long; outer segments obovate, 
unguiculate, three and a half or four inches long, an inch 
and a half broad, reflexing from below the middle, the 
veins of the face greenish-yellow, of the claw violet-purple ; 
beard extending considerably beyond the claw, the hairs of 
the upper part pure white, of the lower tipped with orange- 
yellow ; inner segments erect, obovate-unguiculate, scarcely 
smaller than the outer, veined with purple and bearded 
down the face of the claw. Crests of the stigma large, 
deltoid, irregularly toothed on the outer margin. Anthers 
large, pure white. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Anther ; 2, stigma, with its crests : — both enlarged. 




L Reeve &. C°LancLorL 

Tab. 6870. 


Native of Persia and Afghanistan. 

Nat. Ord. Boeagine^. — Tribe Bobage.e. 
Genus Caccinia, Savi; {Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 816.) 

Caccinia glauca ; herba perennis, glauca, subcarnosa, sparse tuberculata, foliis 
breviter petiolatis elliptico-oblongis aculeolato-denticulatis, calycis floriferi 
segmentis oblongis denticulatis, corolla? tubo calyce paullo longiore, lobis 
oblongo-lanceolatis, antheris 3 minutis quarta multo majore lineari, calyce 
fructifero crasse pedicellato obconico, lobis denum late explanatis trianguiaribus, 
nuculis magnis disco planiusculis marginibus denticulatis. 

C. glauca, Savi Cos. JBot. i. t. 1, ex Alph. DC. Prodr. x. 166; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 

iv. 277 ; Gard. Chron. 1883, ii. 173, fig. 27. 
C. Celsii, Boiss. Diagn. Ser. i. 11. 133. 
Bobeago crassifolia, Vent. Sort. Cels. t. 100. 

Jt is not without hesitation that I refer this singular- 
looking plant to G. glauca, from the description and plates 
of which it differs in the racemose inflorescence, the broader 
flowering calyx-lobes, and the much shorter corolla-tube 
and shorter broader corolla-lobes; but it seems nearer 
to that species than to any other, and Boissier describes 
G. glauca as varying in the length of the corolla-tube 
in relation to the calyx. The other species of the same 
section, of which four are described, all differ much more 
in various characters. The genus is a small one, confined 
to Western Asia, and extending from Armenia to Affghanis- 
tan. C. glauca is abundant in the latter country and in 
Northern Persia, ascending the mountains to 5000 feet. 
It has been cultivated in France ever since the beginning 
of this century. 

The specimen here figured has for some years been cul- 
tivated at Kew ; it flowered in the open air in the Koyal 
Gardens in 1880, and has annually since. 

Desce. A glaucous, rather fleshy, pale, perennial-rooted 
herb, one to three feet high, branched from the base, erect, 
sparingly scabrid with distant tubercles or small prickles 
and pale depressed warts. Stem below as thick as the 

APKIL 1st, 1886. 

thumb, terete, very smooth. Leaves four to eight inches 
long, shortly petioled, or the upper sessile, elliptic-oblong 
with rounded tips, sparsely tubercled, very pale green, 
margins with short prickle-like teeth, midrib very stout. 
Floivers in racemose cymes ; bracts leafy. Calyx-lobes (in 
flower) oblong, greenish brown, margins everted, serrulate. 
Gorolla-tule not exserted, lobes half an inch long, oblong- 
lanceolate, violet-blue, turning red. Stamens four, on the 
mouth of the corolla, three very small; fourth much larger, 
with a long narrow anther which is longer than the 
filament. Fruiting pedicels elongate, much thickened, 
echinate ; fruiting calyx (before ripening) broadly obconic, 
one inch in diameter, lobes closing over the carpels with 
their margins everted, forming acutely-toothed wings. — 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower, of natural size ; 2, portion of corolla and two 
stamens ; 3, stigma ; 4, section of unripe nuculi :— all enlarged. 



A&ncen.tBxo oks Day &- Son Tmf 

Lite eve &_ C° lonodon. 

Tab. 6871. 


Native of China. 

Nat. Ord. Pafavebace.e. — Tribe Eupapavere^:. 
Genus Eomecok, Hance in Journ. Bot. vol. xxii. (1884) p. 376. 

Eomecon chionantha ; herba glaberrima, rhizomate perenni, succo croceo, foliis 
radicalibus longe petiolatis late cordiformibus sinuatis palmatinerviis subtus 
dealbatis, petiolo terete, scapis gracilibus elongatis apice ramosis, floribus 2 
poll, diametr., pedicellis elongatis basi bracteatis, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, 
sepalis in spatham cymbiformem membranaceam caducam confluentibus, petalis 
4 amplis albis, staminibus numerosis, ovario oblongo, stylo valido elongato, 
stigmate breviter 2-lobo lobis erectis, placentis 2 polyspermis, capsula stipi- 
tata a basi ad apicem 2-valvi, seminibus tuberculatis. 

E. chionantha, Hance I. c. et vol. xiv. (1845) p. 255. 

A beautiful monotypic genus of Papaveracece, inter- 
mediate, as its author Dv. Hance observes, between Stylo- 
phorum and Sanguinaria, differing from both in the scapose 
habit, racemose flowers, and sepals confluent in a mem- 
branous boat-shaped spathe, and further from Stylophorum 
in the form of the leaves and colour of the flowers ; and 
from Sanguinaria in the four petals, elongate style, and 
stigmatic lobes alternating with the placentas. It was 
discovered by the Eev. B. C. Henry on the banks of 
rivers in the province of Kwangsi, to the westward of 
Canton, according to Dr. Hance, whose description of the 
fruit is given above. It is probably half hardy, having 
flowered in a frame in the Royal Gardens in September 
last, the plants having been sent by Mr. Ford, Superinten- 
dent of the Hong Kong Botanical Gardens, where it fruited 
in the spring of last year. 

Descr. Rootstock perennial, as thick as the fore-finger, 
creeping and ascending, clothed with the membranous 
bases of the sheaths of the petiole, abounding in yellow 
sap. Leaves all radical, long-petioled, three to six inches 
long, broadly cordiform with a very deep closed or open 
sinus, concave, thinly coriaceous, margin broadly sinuate, 

apeil 1st, 1886. 

apex rounded ; nerves one medial and three to five slender 
pair radiating from the top of the petiole ; upper surface 
bright pale green, lower subglaucous ; petiole six to eight 
inches long, slender, with a narrowly sheathing base. 
Scape a foot or more high, erect, terete, reddish, subpani- 
culately branched above ; bracts at the base of the branches 
a quarter of an inch long, lanceolate, membranous. Flowers 
terminating the branches, erect, two inches in diameter; 
pedicel slender, one to two inches long ; buds ovoid, acute, 
erect. Sepals combined into a boat- shaped membranous 
subacute caducous delicately-nerved green spathe. Petals 
four, nearly orbicular, pure white, concave, spreading, 
nerves very faint. Stamens numerous ; anthers linear, 
yellow, as long as the slender filament. Ovary ovoid, with 
two opposite thick ribs, narrowed into a stout style with a 
two-lobed stigma, lobes erect; ovules very numerous, on 
two parietal placentas. Capsule oblong, stipitate, dehis- 
cing from the base to the apex, the valves separating from 
the replum but remaining attached to it at the top. Seeds 
oblong, testa crustaceous, tubercled. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, stamen ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of ditto :— all enlarged. 






TfincwitBroolcs Day 8LSonim.p 

L Reeve &. G° London. 

Tab. 6872. 
VACCINIUM Mortinia. 

Native of the Andes of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Vacciniace.e. — Tribe Etmccnrnta. 
Genus Vaccinium, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 573.) 

Vaccinitjm (Vitis idea) Mortinia ; frutex ramosissimus, foliosus, ramulis pubes- 
centibus, foliis i-pollicaribus breviter petiolatis ovatis v. ovato-oblongis -laneeo- 
latisve acutis cartilagineo-serrulatis epunctatis costa petioli.^que puberulis, 
nervis obscuris, racemis axillaribus folio paulo longioribus, floribus congests 
cernuis, calycis lobis late ovatis obtusis acutis acuaiinatisve, corolla rosea 
oblongo-urceolata 5-dentata, filamentis hirsutis antberis requilongis, bacca 

V. Mortinia, Heath. Plant. Hartweg. p. 221. 

A native of the Andes of Ecuador and New Grenada, 
ascending to an elevation of 11,000 feet on Pichincha, 
where it was discovered by Hartweg when collecting for 
the Royal Horticultural Society, and has been subsequently 
collected by Spruce, Jameson and others. What appears 
to be the same plant has been gathered in the Cordillera 
of Peru by Lechler (No. 2213), and on the Sierra Nevada 
of Santa Martha in New Grenada by Purdie, who describes 
it as reaching the snow-line. It is known by the native 
name of Martina, under which the fruit is brought to the 
market of Quito. Hartweg describes it as more acid tlnui 
that of V. Myrtillus. 

Like most of the Andean plants from great elevations, 
V. Mortinia is probably only half hardy. The plant culti- 
vated at Kew was received from Mr. Max Leichtlin in 1884, 
and flowered in a cool greenhouse in April, 1885. From 
specimens in the Kew Herbarium, the late Mr. Isaac 
Anderson Henry seems also to have had it in cultivation in 
1870, no doubt raised from seeds sent by his correspondent 
Dr. Jameson. 

Desce. A small woody densely-branched leafy shrub, 
two to three feet high; branches pubescent with short 
hairs or nearly glabrous, the lower stout, upper slender. 

aphil 1st, 1886. 

Leaves rather crowded, one-half to three-quarters of an inch 
long, spreading and reflexed, oblong-ovate or -lanceolate or 
ovate, acute, very thickly coriaceous with cartilaginous sub- 
serrate margins, convex when dry, with recurved margins, 
not punctate beneath ; petiole very short and midrib above 
towards the base usually puberulous, nerves very obscure. 
Flowers in very short drooping racemes, crowded, shortly 
pedicelled ; pedicels with two small opposite concave ovate 
bracteoles. Calyx-tube short ; lobes broadly ovate, obtuse 
acute or acuminate. Corolla one-third of an inch long, rose- 
pink ; tube cylindric-oblong or -urceolate, terete, quite gla- 
brous, not ribbed; teeth five, small, recurved. Stamens wholly 
included, filaments slender as long as the anthers, hirsute 
with long hairs ; anther-tubes as long as the cells, which 
latter are very membranous and dehisce along the margins 
exposing the pollen. Fruit like that of the V. Myrtillus, 
acid.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaf; % flower; 3 and 4, stamens; 5, ovary; 6, transverse section of 
ditto ; — all enlarged* 


;,■ ■ . ,i, u 8 Fib* iiti 


Tab. 6873. 

Native of India. 

Nat. Ord. Cucuebitace^;. — Tribe CrjcusrERiNE.E. 
Genus Teichosanthes, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 821.) 

Teichosanthes palmata; herba alte scandens, glabra pubescens v. ramulis foliis- 
que minute tuberculata, caule angulato, foliis petiolatis palmatim o-7-lobatis 
v. -angulatis dentatis, angulis lobisve acutis v. obtusis sirtubus interdum 
profundus, floribus masculis amplis albis in racemum elongatum dispositis, 
bracteis magnis vaginantibus ovatis obovatisve basi angustatis integris serratis 
v. fimbriatis, sepalis dentatis serratis laceratis v. subpinnatifidis, corollae seg- 
ments cuneatis margine exteriore fimbriato, fructu globosorubro aureo fasciato, 
seminibus numerosis obion^is marginibus obtusis. 

T. palmata, Soxb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 704; Wight and Am. Prodr. p. 350; 

Wight III. PI. Ind. Or. t. 104, 105 ; Dal'z. and Gibs. Bomb. Fl. p. 103 ; 

Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 606. 
T. laciniosa, Wall. Cat. 6689. 

T. tricuspis, Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. pt. 1, p. 679. 
T. bracteata, Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 1877, pt. 2, p. 99. 
Involucraeia Wallicbii, Seringe in DC. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 318. 

It is remarkable that this, which is one of the commonest 
and most conspicuous plants of India, should not have been 
figured in any work devoted to garden plants ; and this 
though its seeds, like others of the family to which it 
belongs, long retain their vitality, and are certain to 
germinate, and though its culture is easy, its foliage 
striking, and its scarlet fruit with golden stripes as con- 
spicuous and beautiful as are its snow-white flowers, fringed 
like a parasol, with filaments of exquisite delicacy. It 
has been grown at Kew at various times within the last 
twenty years, but as it is not included in the second 
edition of Aiton's " Hortus Kewensis " (published in 1813), 
it must be regarded as a comparatively modern introduction. 

According to Mr. Clarke, who monographed the Cucur- 
bitacece of India for the "Flora of British India," 
T. palmata is a very variable plant, having large acutely 
angular glabrous leaves and large flowers with longfimbriie 

may 1st, 1886. 

to the corolla in moist woods, but much smaller deeply- 
lobed leaves covered with minute warts on both surfaces, 
and smaller flowers with shorter fimbriae in drier and more 
open places. There is further great variation in the form 
size and cutting of the bracts, in the number of male 
flowers in a raceme, and in the form and cutting of the 
sepals, which are sometimes entire ovate-lanceolate and 
acuminate, at others toothed or serrate, or, as in the form 
here figured, dilated and pinnatifidly lacerate. Lastly the 
whole plant may be glabrous or more or less pubescent. 
Amid all these variations, however, the fruit and seeds are, 
as far as is known, constant in form, size, colour, and all 
other characters. 

T. palmata occurs all over India, from the Western 
Himalaya eastward to Assam, and southward to Malabar, 
Ceylon and Singapore ; it is also a native of the Malay 
Archipelago, China, Japan and North Australia. The 
Kew plants were raised from seeds sent from the Calcutta 
Botanical Gardens, which flowered in the Water-lily House 
in March, 1882. The flowers open in the evening, for one 
night only, and are sweet-scented. The following descrip- 
tion applies to the large forest form here figured. 

Descr. A tall glabrous rambling climber, with long 
angular branches, which hang down for many feet from 
the branches of forest trees. Leaves four to eight inches 
long and broad, membranous, broadly ovate, palmately five- 
to seven-angled, tip and angles acuminate, bright green 
above with sunk nerves ; petiole stout, two to four inches 
long ; tendrils stout, two-fid or three-fid. Flowers dioecious, 
male in stoutly-peduncled axillary racemes three to six 
inches long, solitary, or rarely with a smaller few-flowered 
second; female fl. solitary, axillary. Bracts one and a 
half inch long or less, ovate, .boat-shaped and sheathing, 
often bearing large black glands. Calyx-tube short ; lobes 
lacerate, spreading. Corolla four inches in diameter ex- 
cluding the fimbriae, pure white. Fruit globose, one and a 
quarter to two inches in diameter, scarlet with ten orange 
stripes. Seeds very many, nearly one-third of an inch long, 
imbedded in green pulp. — J". B. if. 

Fig. 1, Cdlyx ; 2, anthers -.—both enlarged. 


I J N Fit* hth 

Vincent Brooks Day&-Soni 


Tab. 6874. 
GENTIANA Bigelovii. 

Native of Neiv Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane^;. — Tribe Sweeties. 
Genn.s Gentiaua, Linn.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 815.) 

Gektuna (Pneumonantbe) Bigelovii; caulibus e radice perennante adscenden- 
tibus pedalibus teretibus foliosis subscabernlis, foliis sessilibus lineari-oblongis 
obtusis v. subacutis coriaceis 1-nerviis supremis flores longe superantibus, 
floribus axillaribus in spicas foliosas elongatas dispositis, calycis scaberuli 
lobis 5 angustis tubo cylindraceo tereti paullo brevioribus, corolla? 
violacese tubo cylindraceo lobis brevibus ovatis subacutis erecto-patentibus 
dorso lineis crenulatis in tubum decurrentibus notatis, lobulis aooeswriia 
bipartitis segmentis subulatis, antheris cordatis, capsulse stipite brevi fistuloso, 
seminibus anguste alatis. 

G. Bigelovii, Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xix. p. 86; Si/nopt. Fl. of N. 

Am., Gamopet. p. 406. 
G. affinis, Torr. Bot. Mex. Bound, p. 157. 

Dr. Gray, the author of this species, remarks that it had 
long passed as an extreme form of G. affinis, but that " it 
decisively differs by its oblong rather than funnel-form 
corolla with shorter lobes, and by the salient crenulate or 
roughened ridges which in the bud externally border the 
infolded plicae ; the stipe (of the capsule) is shorter and 
broader, and completely fistulous, so that some of the 
seeds fall into it — even to the bottom." The two species 
are indeed very near, and meet (if they do not cross) at 
the limits of their areas of distribution in Colorado. Our 
numerous specimens of affine may, however, be distinguished 
at first sight by the snorter and comparatively broader 
leaves, especially the floral ones, the usually more 
capitate inflorescence (though in some forms this is 
spicate), and the upper leaves rarely exceeding the flowers. 
The crenulate ridges on the corolla externally seem to 
afford a very constant character in G. Bigelovii, as does 
the stipes of the capsule. In the form of the corolla and 
length of its lobes I recognize no material difference 
between the two. G. affinis varies much in the size and 

MAT 1st, 1886. 

breadth of corolla, and that of the cultivated specimens of 
G. Bigelovii is larger than in native ones. 

G. Bigelovii is a native of the Rocky Mountains from 
Colorado to New Mexico and Arizona, in the latter 
country ascending to 9000 feet. The plants from which 
our figure was made were raised from seed sent by Dr. 
Parry some years ago ; it flowers in the rock-garden in 
August annually, being perfectly hardy. 

Descr, Rootstock stout, woody, giving off ascending 
simple terete subscaberulous purplish-green stems, twelve 
to sixteen inches high and leafy to the top. Leaves 
crowded, one to two inches long, sessile, spreading and 
recurved, linear-oblong or the upper quite linear, obtuse 
or subacute, coriaceous, one-nerved, margin obscurely 
scabrid, lower shorter broader, upper exceeding the 
flowers. Flowers axillary, sessile, forming a leafy spike ; 
bracteoles linear. Calyx-tube cylindric, terete, red-purple ; 
lobes very narrow, erect, linear or subulate, rather shorter 
than the tube, reaching about the middle of the corolla- 
tube, scaberulous. Corolla about one inch long, violet, 
tube cylindric funnel-shaped, much longer than the short 
broadly ovate obtuse or acute erecto-patent lobes, which 
are marked on the back with two crenulate ridges that 
run down the upper part of the tube ; accessory lobules 
bipartite; segments subulate, half the length of lobes. 
Filaments flattened except towards the tip ; anthers short, 
cordate. Ovary turgid in the middle, narrowed upwards 
to the obscure stigmas. Capsule on a short stout hollow 
stipes. Seeds minute, oblong, flattened with a narrow 
wing. — J. D. H. 


Fig. 1, Calyx and bracteoles ; 2, portion of corolla laid open ; 3, stamen ; 4>, 
ovary : — all enlarged. 


entBrooVcs Lay iiSc 

• Tab. 6875. 
H^MANTHUS Baurii. 
Native of Kaffraria. 

Nat. Ord. Ahabyllide.e. — Tribe Amarylle.e. 
Genus H^manthus, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 730.) 

H-EManthus (Diacles) Baurii ; bulbo oblongo compresso tunicis crassis truncatis 
viridibus, foliis 2 patulis orbicularibus facie glabris margine ciliatis, pedunculo 
brevissimo occulto, umbello denso multifloro pedicellis brevissirnis vel subnullis, 
bracteis exterioribus obovato-cuneatis membranaceis albidis imbricatis pubes- 
centibus floribus longioribus, perianthio albo tubo subcylindrico, segmentis 
oblanceolatis tubo longioribus, staminibus segmentis ajquilongis antberis parvis 
oblongis citriuis, stylo apice stigmatoso tricuspidato. 

This is one of those curious dwarf fleshy-leaved 
Hsemanthi which are one of the many strange botanical 
types characteristic of the interior sterile regions of Cape 
Colony. It has not yet been published or described, but 
we received dried specimens as long ago as 1874 from its 
discoverer, the Rev. R. Baur, a Moravian missionary, who 
during the last twenty years has added greatly to our 
knowledge of the botany of Kaffraria. He collected it at 
Shawbury, in Transkeian Kaffraria, at an elevation of 1500 
feet above sea-level, flowering in June. Now through 
Professor Macowan it has been introduced in a living 
state, and our drawing was made from a plant that 
flowered at Kew in November, 1885. It is allied to the 
well-known H. albiflos of Jacquin, to H. deformis, Hook, 
fil. in Bot. Mag. t. 5903, and to H. Arnottli, Baker in 
"Gard. Chron." N. S. vol. x. p. 492. We have also a 
specimen received from the late Mr. Wilson Saunders, 
F.R.S., in] 873. 

Descr. Bulb oblong, compressed, three or four inches 
the long diameter; tunics thick, green, truncate. Pro- 
duced leaves two, contemporary with the flowers, fleshy, 
spreading, suborbicular, about half a foot long, and seven 
or eight inches broad when fully developed, glabrous on 
the surface, persistently ciliated on the margin. Peduncle 
very short, compressed, glabrous, hidden by the base of 

may 1st, 1886. 

the leaves. Umbel dense, many-flowered, about two inches 
in diameter; pedicels at most very short; outer bracts 
obovate-cuneate, membranous, pubescent, white with 
a slight green tinge, much imbricated, truncate or 
em\riinate. Ovary oblong, green. Perianth pure white, 
above an inch long ; tube subcylindrical, shorter than the 
oblanceolate segments. Stamens as long as the perianth- 
segments; anthers small, oblong, lemon-yellow. Style 
minutely tricuspidate at the apex. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A flower; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, pistil; 5, apex of style; 6, horizontal 
section of ovary : — all more or less enlarged. 



\frtu art Brock '' ! '- '• Saafagj 

Tab. 6876. 
CYPRIPEDIUM Godbfboyjb. 

Native of Slam. 

Nat. Orel. OBCHiDEiE. — Tribe Cypeipedie.e. 
Genus Cypbipedium, Linn; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 634.) 

Cypbipedium Godefroyas ; humile, foliis 6-8 glabris omnibus radicalibus distichis 
patenti-recurvis coriaceis lineari-oblongis acutis obtusis v. apice subbidentatis, 
supra laete viridibus albo irroratis, subtus luride purpureis virescenti-irroratis, 
scapis brevissimis 1-2-fioris ovarioque tomentosis, bractea cucullata foliacea, 
floribus albis purpureo-punctatis, sepalo dorsali rotundato-cordiformi puberulo 
obtuso, lateralibus in laminam oblongam dorso villosam sepalo dorsali multo 
minorem eonfiuentibus, petalis latissime ovato-oblonsis obtusis sepalo dorsali 
majoribus, labello subcjlindraceo ore subcontracts, staminodio punctato parvo 
oblongo-quadrato apice 3 dentato. 

C. Godefroyse, Godefr. Hebmuf, Orchidophile, No. 31, t. 830; Moore, Florist and 
Pomologist, 1884, 37, with Jig.; The Garden, vol. xxv. p. 396 with fig.; 
Warner and Williams, Orchid. Album, vol. iv. t. 177 ; D Ancona in Bull. 
Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 1884, 168, t. 8 ; Gard. Chron. 1884, vol. i. p. 146, and 
1885, vol. i. p. 49, fig. 11. 

A member of the same group of species of the genus as 
that to which C. concolor (Tab. 5513) and G. niveum (Tab. 
5922) belong, and in some respects, as pointed out by Dr. 
Moore in the "Florist and Pomologist," it is intermediate 
between those plants, having the white flowers of the latter, 
and the dwarf habit, bract and leaves more like G. concolor. 
It is, indeed, very closely allied to the latter plant, of which 
it has exactly the habit, but differs in the leaves not being 
barred with black and green above, or uniformly purple 
beneath, and in the smaller flower not being yellow, and 
having broader shorter sepals and petals copiously spotted 
with chocolate purple or brown, and in the staminode being 
three-toothed at the tip. Dr. Moore compared the stami- 
node to that of niveum, but I think he must have meant 
concolor ; for in niveum that organ is very large and broad, 
transversely oblong, and is much larger than the mouth of 
the lip above which it is raised, whereas in G. concolor and 
Godefroyce it is much smaller than the mouth of the tip 
and more oblong. C. Godefroya is a native of calcareous 

may 1st, 1886. 

rocks in Siam, as its two allies are of like situations in 
Burma; it was introduced by Mr. Godefroy Lebceuf of 
Argenteuil, who named it in compliment to his wife, and 
it has flowered first in his and subsequently in other 
collections. Our plant was received, in 1884 from Mr. 
Alabaster, when in charge of the public gardens of 
Bankok in Siam, who procured it from the Birds' Nest 
Islands in 1884, and it flowered in September of the 
following year. 

Descr. Stem very short, clothed with three to four pairs 
of equitant horizontally spreading leaves, and throwing up 
very short stout one-flowered scapes. Leaves glabrous, 
four to six inches long, linear-oblong, obtuse acute or 
obscurely two-fid at the tip, keeled beneath by the midrib, 
which is sunk above. Upper surface dark green mottled 
with pale greenish-white, lower densely spotted with rich 
red-brown, the spots becoming confluent. Scape one-half 
to one inch high, stout, tomentose, spotted like the leaves 
beneath ; bract very broad, about half an inch long, com- 
plicate, coloured like the leaves. Ovary three-quarters of 
an inch long, villous with red-brown hairs. Perianth 
about two inches in diameter, white with dark and pale 
rounded spots of red purple or chocolate red. Dorsal 
sepal erect, concave, very broadly ovate, obtuse, faintly 
pubescent on both surfaces ; lateral sepals confluent into a 
much smaller elliptic villous blade behind the lip. Petals 
much larger than the dorsal sepal, orbicular-oblong. Lip 
nearly one inch long, cylindric, faintly and minutely 
spotted, base rounded, mouth hardly dilated. Staminode 
much smaller than the mouth of the lip, subquadrately 
oblong, spotted, tip trifid.— J. 1). H. 

Fig. 1, Staminode and stigma : — enlarged. 


VLncentBrooks Dav 

L Reeve & C° 

Tab. 6877. 
HOYA Getffithit. 

Native of Eastern Bengal. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepude.33. — Tribe Marsdenie.e. 
Genus Hoya, Brown ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 776.) 

Hoya (Euhoya) Griffithii ; frutex glaberrimus, scandens, ramis elongatis flexuosis 
teretibus, foliis 6-9-pollicaribus perparia distantibus breviter petiolatis oblongo- 
lanceolatis oblanceolatisve acutis acuminatisve crasse coriaceis, costa crassius- 
cula, nervis tenuissimis patentibus obscuris, pedunculis axillaribus crassis 
elongatis, umbellis multifloris, pedicellis pollicaribus crassis, floribus 1-1^-poll. 
diam., sepalis lineari-oblongisobtusis crassis, corollas sordide rosea? lobis crassis 
triangulari-ovatis dorso concavis intus glabris, coronse processubus magnis 
ambitu bemispbericis faciebus planis in spinas obtusas stigma superantes pro- 

H. Griffitbii, Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 59 ; N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. 
1885, vol. ii. p. 334, fig. 74. 

This noble species of Hoya was discovered by the 
indefatigable Indian botanist and collector, Dr. W. Griffith, 
in the Khasia Mountains of Eastern Bengal, between 
Assam and Silhet, upwards of half a century ago ; and it 
was again gathered there by Dr. Thomson and myself in 
1850, near Nowgong, at an elevation between 2000 and 
4000 feet above the sea. It is a near ally of the still 
nobler H. imperialis, Lindl., of Malacca, figured at Tab. 
3397 of this work. A still nearer ally is the beautiful 
if. coronaria, Blume, a hitherto unfigured species of Malacca 
and Penang, which has pubescent leaves and flowers. 
Flowering specimens of H. Griffithii were sent to Kew by 
Mr. Swan, of Oakley, Fallowfield, near Manchester, in July 
last, with the information that the plant had been at 
Oakley about ten years. Mr. Swan states that it came 
from Northern India, and was originally sent to his 
employer, W. Le3ch, Esq. It is, of course, a stove plant, 
and as such well worthy of cultivation. 

Desce. A tall quite glabrous climber. Stem slender, 
terete, flexuous. Leaves in distant pairs, four to ten inches 
long, very shortly petioled, elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate 

mat 1st, 188G. 

or oblanceolate, acute or acuminate, thickly coriaceous, 
bright green above, paler beneath ; midrib rather stout ; 
neryes slender, very obscure, horizontally spreading and 
loosely anastomosing ; petiole stout, one-sixth to one-third 
of an inch long. Flowers one to one and a half inch in 
diameter, numerous, umbelled on a stout axillary peduncle 
two to three inches long ; pedicels long, stout, one to one 
and a half inches long. Sepals much larger in proportion 
to the corolla than usual in the genus, oblong, obtuse, 
thickly coriaceous. Corolla quite glabrous, pale rather 
dull rose-red (the colour of blotting-paper externally) with 
yellowish edges ; paler and yellowish within, with three faint 
pink stripes on each segment. Segments triangular- ovate, 
acute, thickly coriaceous, concave behind. Corona large, 
with five hemispheric lobes ; these lobes have the convex 
surface downwards and longitudinally cleft, the flat surface 
upwards and produced inwards into a short ascending 
spine which reaches and rises above the stigma. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and unopened corolla j 2, corona aud base of corolla ; 3, pollen- 
masses : — all enlarged. 


Mo rlr.i .UO'ttrh llUi 

.,~ «. no i ,,,,,!< 


Tap.. 6878. 
ANTHURIUM splendidum. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide.e.— Tribe Orontieje. 
Genus Anthuritjm, Schott ; {BentJi. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 998.) 

Anthurium splendidum; subacaule, foliis amplis late ovato-cordatis sinu pro- 
fundo acutis obtusisve supra l^ete glauco-viridibus creberrime bullatis nervis 
nervnlisque impressis subtus papiliosis pallidioribus, basi 7-nerviis, nervis 
lateralibus 8-10 arcuatis, petiolo pedunculoque crassis 6-7-alatis, alis creberrime 
undulatis, pedunculo valido, spatha lanceolata reflexa rosea demum alba 
marginibus roseis, spadice breviter stipitata elongata erecta obtusa demum 
aurantiaca, floribus dense compactis, perianthii foliosis 4 pentagonis late trun- 
catis, staminibus inclusis, filamentis latis crassis, antheris parvis, ovario breviter 
columnar! terete vertice rotundato 2-loculari, loculis 1-ovulatis, ovulis septo 
afExis sigmoideis. 

A. splendidum, Sort. Bull, in Gard. Chron. vol. xix. (1883), p. 381, f. 58, and 
N. E. Broion, I. p. vol. xxi. (1884), p. 108 ; Regel Gartenfl. vol.xxxiii. (1884), 
pp. 145 and 146, Ic. xylog. ; Bodigas in IS III. Sorticole, vol. xxxi. (1884), 
p. 13, t. 510. 

This truly splendid plant was introduced by Mr. Bull 
from New Grenada in 1882, and the figure here given is 
from a specimen liberally presented to the Royal Gardens 
by that energetic and successful horticulturist. Mr. N. E. 
Brown, who has kindly superintended the analyses given 
on the plate, informs me that its nearest affinities in the 
genus are not clear to him, though the general resemblance 
of the plant is that of A. Scher zerianum (Tab. 5319), and of 
A. Glaziovii (Tab. 6833). The colour of the leaves is a 
metallic green above, with, the lustre of shot-silk; the 
spadix is at first green, then orange-yellow, and lastly brick- 
red. The spathe is at first very pale rose-coloured within 
with scarlet edges, but in age the rosy blush disappears. 
The crisped wings of the petiole and peduncle are very 
strikiug characters. 

The specimen here figured is an unusually fine one, and 
the plant requires great heat and moisture to bring it to 
perfection. It flowered in the Royal Gardens. 

Desoe. Stem or rootstock very short, sending out stout 
long root-fibres. Leaves a foot long and less, broadly ovate- 

June 1st, 1886. 

cordate with a deep sinus which is often closed, obtuse or 
acute, rather coriaceous, above glabrous and bullately 
reticulate by the sunk nerves and nervules, metallic green, 
under-surface paler, with papillose nerves and nervules ; 
midrib stout ; basal nerves seven, spreading from the top 
of the petiole, lateral nerves from the midrib six to nine 
pairs, arching ; petiole usually shorter than the blade, very 
stout, six- to seven-angled and winged, wings undulate or 
crisped. Peduncles much longer than the petioles, winged 
like these, stout, erect. Spatlie six inches long, lanceolate 
from a rounded base, acuminate, reflexed, flat, white with 
red edges, faintly rose-coloured when first opened. Spadix 
erect, on a very short stout stalk, five to nine inches long 
by one-third of an inch in diameter, cylindric, obtuse, 
green, then yellow, and finally brick-red. Floivers densely 
crowded, depressed, together presenting a flat surface. 
Perianth-segments four, short, thick, five-angled, broadly 
truncate. Stamens four, included, filaments very broad and 
thick ; anthers small, two-celled, with, vertical slits. Ovary 
very shortly columnar, cylindric, top rounded, stigma 
obscure, cells two. Ovules one in each cell, sigmoid, 
attached by a broad ventral funicle to the septum. — J. D. R. 

Fig. 1, Reduced view of whole plant; 2, leaf; 3, flowering peduncles, both of 
the natural size; 4 and 5, flowers ; 6 and 7, stamens ; 8, ovary ; 9, vertical section 
of ditto ; 10 and 11, transverse seotion of ditto ; 11, ovules : — all enlarged. 




1 Reeve & 

Tab. 6879. 
GREVILLEA Hookeriana. 
Native of Swan River. 

Nat. Ord. Peoteace.e. — Tribe GbevillejE. 
Genus Geevulea, Br.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 180.) 

Gbevillea (Hebegynse) HooJceriana ; fruticosa, erecta, ramis foliisque subtua 
cano-tomentosis, foliis demum glabris longe petiolatis pinnatis segmentis 3-9 
anguste linearibus rigidis subacutis supra canaliculars subtus ob raaigiiics 
recurvos costamque validam 2-canaliculatis, racemis spicif'ormibus densifloris 
erectis, floribus secundis, rachi villosa, perianthio subsericeo-villoso intus 
glabro tubo £ poll, longo infra medium inflato, limbo brevi revoluto, toro recto, 
glandula serniorbiculari, ovario villoso, stylo elougato, stigmate globoso vix 

G. Hookeriana, Meissn. in Plant. Preiss. vol. i. p. 545, and in DC. Prodr. 
vol. xiv. p. 374 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 432. 

G. tetragonoloba, Meissn. in DC. I. c. 

Western Australia abounds in handsome shrubs, suitable 
for conservatories, and amongst them the genus GreviUea 
affords a considerable contingent of ornamental species, 
as the volumes of this work prove, where no fewer than 
sixteen species have been figured, and about half that 
number have been illustrated in other works devoted to 
horticulture. Amongst these is the graceful G. robusta, 
which is perhaps the most widely-used " foliage plant " for 
table decoration that ever was introduced into Europe. 

G. Hookeriana is a native of South-West Australia, 
growing in dry places aloug the coast, as near King George's 
•Sound, at the Gardiner River, and at Doubtful Island bays. 
It was discovered by Preiss, and collected afterwards by 
Drummond and others. The specimen here figured was 
raised from seed communicated by W. R. Guilfoyle, F.L.S., 
Director of the Melbourne Botanical Gardens, which 
flowered in the Royal Gardens in January of the present 

Descr. A tall branching rigid shrub, with hoary-tomen- 
tose branches and leaves beneath. Leaves four to six 
inches long, pinnate ; pinnules three to nine pairs, distant, 

june 1st, 188(3. 

one and a half to three inches long by one-eighth of an 
inch broad, linear, rigid, spreading, acute but not pungent, 
grooved above, with two channels beneath from the recurved 
margins not meeting the prominent midrib, glabrous above, 
beneath hoary-pubescent, at length glabrous ; petiole one 
to three inches long, as broad as the leaflets, channelled 
above and winged with recurved margins like the leaves. 
Racemes two to three inches long, stout, erect, dense- 
flowered, shortly peduncled ; peduncle and rachis tomentose. 
Flowers secund, villous, densely packed, very shortly 
pedicelled. Perianth one-third of an inch long, straw- 
coloured, inflated below the middle, limb reflexed with very 
short concave lobes. Ovary villous ; gland semicircular ; 
style one inch long, stout, bright red ; stigma globose with 
a nearly terminal circular stigmatic surface. Fruit three- 
quarters of an inch long, gibbously or dimidiately oblong, 
pubescent, very shortly stipitate, subacute. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, hairs of branch ; 3, perianth-segment ; 4, ovary and gland ; 
5, stigma : — all enlarged. 



M.S del,JN.PLtdihth. 


• !. C° London. 

Tab. 6880. 
SOPHRONITIS violacea. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Old. Oechide^:. — Tribe Epidendee^:. 
Genus Sophbonitis, Lindl. ; {Benth. et Kook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 535.) 

Sophbonitis violacea ; pseudobulbis oblongo-ovoideis tunica alba striata tectis, 
f oliis solitariis lineari-elongatis subacutis canaliculars, scapo vaginato 1-2-floro, 
floribus roseis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, labello asquilongo 
rhombeo-obovato acuto nudo basi obscure bigibboso, columnar alis magma 
carnosis falcatis antberam superantibus truncatis. 

S. violacea, Lindl. Bot. Beg. vol. xxvi. (1840), Misc. p. 18, No. 18; Lindl. and 
Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. iii. p. 11, fig. 238 ; Reichb. f. in Linncea, vol. xxxv. 
p. 245, and in Waljo. Ann. vol. vi. p. 466. 

This is unquestionably the Sophronitis violacea of Lindley, 
though the flowers are not always solitary, and are far from 
being of a violet colour, either in our fresh specimens, or 
in a Brazilian dried one collected in 1837, in which the 
petals have retained their colour. It is a very elegant 
little species, discovered by Gardner in the above-named 
year, who in a note says that he fouud it only once, and 
then as a single small tuft, on the trunk of a large tree. 
Lindley was the first to describe it, but very briefly, from 
a specimen flowered in 1847 by Mrs. Cannon, of Stratford 
Green. Reichenbach, in 1852, published a much fuller 
description in the Linnasa, from specimens sent by Regnell. 
He states that it is common on the Organ Mountains. 
Our specimens differ from his description in the more 
numerous (three to six) sheaths on the often two-flowered 
scape. Dr. Reichenbach adds that the labellum varies 
much in shape, from obtusely rhomboid to lanceolate and 
acute, or obovate and acute. 

The specimen here figured flowered at Kew in February 
of the present year, and was presented to the Royal 
Gardens by Messrs. Yeitch. 

Descr. A small epiphyte, with a creeping slender 
rhizome. Pseudo-bulbs one-third to one and a quarter inch 

June 1st, 1886. 

long, ovoid and rounded at the base, or elliptic-oblong 
and subacute at both ends, clothed with a white sheath 
which is fluted in parallel lines. Leaf solitary, two to 
three inches long by a quarter to one-third of an inch 
broad, linear, acute, channelled above and keeled at the 
back, bright green above. Scape shorter than the leaves, 
one- to two-flowered, clothed with imbricating ovate- 
lanceolate acute or acuminate short coriaceous sheaths. 
Flowers one to one and a half inches in diameter, bright 
rose-coloured. Sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, acute, 
the latter rather the narrowest. Lip about the length of the 
petals, rhombic-obovate, acute, flat with two obscure calli 
at the very base. Column blood-red ; wings very fleshy, 
broad, falcate, rising above the anther and truncate at the 
apex. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, column, base of lip and top of ovary ; 3, front view of column ; 4, 
anther,- 5, the same viewed in front ; 6 and 7, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



-L Reeve t C°Lond n 

Tab. 6881. 
roydsia suaveolens. 

Native of the East Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Cappabide.e. — Tribe Cappabe.e. 
Genus Eoydsia, Boxb.; (Bentk. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 110.) 

Eoydsia suaveolens ; frutex v. arbuscula ramis scandentibus, foliis breviter petio- 
latis oblongis v. oblongo-lanceolatis acutts v. abrupte acuminatis integerrimis 
glaberrimis, racemis axillaribus solitaries v. paniculatis pubescentibus/floribus 
flavis suaveolentibus, drapa globoso-ovoidea v. oblonga aurantiaca breviter 
stipitata, endocarpio Isevi. 

E. suaveolens, Boxb. Cor. PI. vol. iii. p. 86, t. 289; Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 643 ; Wall. 
Cat. Herb. Ind. Or. No. 4200; Griff. Notul. vol. iv. p. 578; Hook.f. Fl. 
Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. ISO. 

A frequent plant in the borders of tropical forests at the 
base of the Eastern Himalaya, from Sikkim to Upper 
Assam, and in similar situations in Assam, the Khasia 
Mountains and Munneypore, scenting the air when in 
flower with a delicious fragrance. The genus, which con- 
sists of very few tropical Asiatic species, differs remarkably 
from all others of the Caper family, to which it belongs, in 
the absence of petals, in the fruit being a drupe with a 
woody three-valved endocarp, in the three subulate styles, 
and in the three-celled ovary, which, however, becomes a 
one-celled fruit through the absorption of the placentas 
and the arrest of the development of numerous ovules. 

Roydsia has been for many years cultivated at Kew, 
having been received from the Calcutta Botanical Gardens. 
It is excellently described by Dr. Roxburgh, who named 
the genus in compliment to " Sir John Royds, one of the 
Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court of Judicature of Bengal, 
and an eminent benefactor to the science." Though in its 
full-grown state rather a coarse rambling bush, ill suited 
for small houses, it is well worth cultivating for its fra- 
grance by those who can give it space enough, the foliage 
heing handsome, of a bright green, and persistent ; and pot 
specimens flower freely, even small ones. The plant here 

June 1st, 1886. 

figured flowered at Kew in January of the present year, 
and specimens are flowering in the present month (May). 

Descr. A woody shrub or small tree, with a stout stem 
and numerous rambling branches, that climb oyer forest 
trees ; bark of branches glabrous or nearly so, red-brown, 
covered with white spots. Leaves alternate, four to twelve 
inches long, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, rarely oblanceo- 
late, acute or acuminate, quite entire, bright green and 
shining, coriaceous, paler beneath ; petiole one-third to 
half an inch long, terete. Racemes axillary or rather above 
the leaf-axils, solitary or in terminal panicles, three to seven 
inches long, erect or spreading, at length drooping ; rachis 
stout, clothed to near the base with flowers ; bracts small, 
tomentose. Flowers numerous, shortly stoutly pedicelled, 
three-fourths of an inch broad across the stamens, fragrant. 
Calyx of six pubescent oblong two-seriate spreading de- 
ciduous sepals. Corolla none. Stamens about one hundred, 
inserted on a globose receptacle, spreading ; filaments 
slender, yellow; anthers small, oblong. Ovary ovoid, 
obscurely three-angled, pubescent, stalked, three-celled by 
the intrusion of three parietal placentas which are confluent 
in the axis of the ovary ; style very short, with three 
erect subulate stigmas ; ovules very numerous in the inner 
angles of the cells. Drupe one to one and a half inch long, 
broadly ellipsoid or oblong, shortly stipitate, orange-yellow 
with white specks ; pulp soft, yellow ; endocarp thin, 
smooth, but woody, splitting into three valves, one-seeded. 
Seed oblong ; embryo erect ; cotyledons very unequal, one 
larger deeply concave with the smaller in its concavity ; 
radicle inferior, minute. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Bract and flower, with stamens removed ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, ovary 
and receptacle; 5, transverse section of ovary: — all enlarged. 



1 Reeve &_ o iojvdon 

Tab. 6882. 
TILLANDSIA (Vriesea) inflata. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. BROMELIACE.E. — Tribe Tillandsieje. 
Genus Tieeandsia, Linn.; (Bentk. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 66ft.) 

Tillandsia (Vriesea) inflata ; acaulis, foliis 15-20 dense rosulatis oblanceolatis 
cuspidatis basi dilatatis utrinque viridibus glabris, pedunculo brevi erecto 
foliis bracteiformibus imbricatis occulto, floribus 10-12 alternis in spicam 
densam disticham dispositis, bracteis magnis ovato-navicularibus imbricatis 
snperioribus splendide rubris luteo marginatis infimis viridibus, pedicellis 
subnullis, sepalis lanceolatis pallide luteis bracteis paulo brevioribus, petalis 
oblanceolatis luteis apice patulis viridulis basi squamis 2 semiadnatis appendi- 
culatis, genitalibus exsertis, antheris linearibus leviter versatilibus, lobis 
stigmatosis orbicularibns patulis. 

Vriesea psittacina, var. Truflantiana. Andri in Journ. Soc. Nat. et Cent. ILori. 

France, 1881, p. 87. 
V. incurvata, Morren in Belg. BZort. vol. xxxii. (1882), p. 52, tab. 2, non Gaudich. 
V. inflata, Wawra Itin. Prin. Cob. vol. i. p. 161 ; Antoine Brom. p. 28, t. 18. 

V. carinata, var. inflata, Wawra in Oester. Bot. ZeitfioJirift, vol. xxx. (1883), 
p. 184. 

This is one of the most showy of all the numerous 
Tillandsias of the subgenus Vriesea which have been 
brought into cultivation of late years. Of the older-known 
types it comes nearest to T. psittacina, Hook. (Bot. Mag. 
tab. 2841), but here the flowers are so close that the large 
bright-coloured bracts overwrap one another. It is a 
native of the woody coast region of the southern half of 
Brazil. It was introduced into cultivation by M. Binot in 
3 880, and was first flowered by M. Truffant at Versailles. 
Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered at Kew 
in December, 1885. Botanical science has lately sustained 
a heavy loss by the death within a short time of the two 
continental botanists who had specially devoted themselves 
to Bromeliacese, both of whom, as will be seen from the 
synonymy cited, had figured and described the present 

Desce. Acaulescent. Produced leaves about twenty, 
forming a dense rosette, oblanceolate from an ovate dilated 

June 1st, 1886. 

base above two inches broad ; lamina six or eight inches 
long, an inch and a half broad above the middle, deltoid 
and cuspidate at the apex, bright green and glabrous on 
both surfaces. Peduncle central, erect, three or four inches 
long, quite hidden by the imbricated bract-leaves. Spike 
simple, erect, distichous, five or six inches long, two inches 
broad ; flowers ten or twelve ; bracts ovate-navicular, an 
inch and a half long and broad, all except the lowest, which 
are greenish, bright red, with a narrow yellow border. 
Calya? nearly as long as the bract, pale yellow; sepals 
lanceolate. Corolla cylindrical, bright lemon-yellow, pro- 
truded half an inch beyond the bract ; petals obtuse, with 
a spreading tip tinged with green, appendiculate at the 
base with two half-adnate scales. Stamens rather longer 
than the petals ; anthers linear, slightly versatile ; pollen 
bright yellow. Pistil a little longer than the stamens ; 
stigmatic lobes orbicular, spreading. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, much reduced ; 2, whole plant; 3, a flower, both life-size; 
4, a petal ; 5, front view of anther ; 6, back view of anther ; 7, stigma : — all en- 









■ ■: T' 





ui ^ *\U A; 

•i - 7* 



»' ./ 











. ,-,. / 

A,;:. * 

% £'" 

;/. .'...' 


Viivcent Broote Day & Son Imp 

Tab. 6883. 

Native of Tropical Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Kubiace.e. — Tribe Psychoteie^. 
Genus Mybmecodia, Jack. (Beccari, Malesia, vol. ii. p. 95.) 

Mysukcodia JBeccarei ; tubere ecostato lobato spinuloso, spinulis brevibus sim- 
plicibus, nunia nodoso-incrassatis eclypeolatis, foliis oblaneeolatis v. oblongo- 
oblanceolatis subacutis earnosis in petiulum seiniteretein brevem ciBMam 
angustatis, floiibus in alveolis ramorum nidulantibus, stipulis brevissimi« in 
membranain 2-tidam tenuiter membi-anaeeiiin lugacem connatis, braeteis 
obsoletis, calyeis glabri limbo annulari, corullse tubo cylindraceo lubis ovatis 
crassis longiore, staminibus parvis, filamentis antheras breves sequantibus, 
ovario 4-loculari, lructu cylindraceo-oblongo apice rotundata 4-pvreno. 

The plant here figured is one of the most singular ever 
imported in a living state into this country, and it belongs 
to a genus, or rather to one of a group of genera of 
epiphytic lliibiaeece, which have been long known from 
their singular habit of forming often spinous tubers of 
great size, the interior of which is galleried by ants of 
various species, and of which insects these are the native 
homes. To enter into any details of the history of these 
plants and their inhabitants would require a volume. J 
may, however, remark in respect of their history, that it 
affords one of the most striking instances known to me 
of the advance of botanical knowledge within so recent a 
period. In 1874, at the date of publication of the Genera 
Plantarum, our knowledge of the ant-nesting Bubiacece 
was that it consisted of two very imperfectly known 
genera, Hydnophytum and Myrmecodia, with four or six ill- 
characterized species between them; whereas in 1884 
there appeared the splendid monograph of Signor Beccari, 
on "insect-nesting plants," in wmich he establishes four 
genera of Malayan ant-harbouring Bubiacem, with upwards 
of fifty species, many of them discovered by himself in the 
Malayan Archipelago and New Guinea. Signor Beccari' s 
monograph, entitled Piante osjpitatrice, forms two parts of a 

July 1st, 1886. 

quarto work dedicated (under the name of Malesia) to 
botanical observations on Malayan and Papuan plants, and 
of which these two parts occupy 212 pages, with fifty-four 
excellent plates. In them he describes various plants 
which are hosts for insects, of the orders Myristicw, 
Euphorbiacecb, Verbenacece, Leguminosece, Araliacece and 
Palmece, but the bulk of the work is devoted to the four 
Rubiaceous genera, Myrmecodia, Hydnophytvm, Myrme- 
pkytum and Myrmedoma, under which their botany and 
the economy of their growth, and of the insects they 
harbour, are described with a fulness and ability that are 
quite admirable. 

Of Myrmecodia itself there are eighteen described 
species, besides the present one, of which details were 
sent to Dr. Beccari, who did not recognize it as any of 
those known to him : the genus extends from Sumatra and 
Singapore to New Guinea, North Australia, and the 
Solomon's Archipelago. Besides that here figured two 
species have been found in Torres Straits, M. Antoinit, 
Becc, and M. Muellerli, Becc, and no doubt more remain 
to be discovered in New Guinea and its neighbourhood. 
Living specimens of one or more species of Myrmecodia 
from North Australia have been received at Kew at various 
times, from the Botanical Gardens of Brisbane and Sydney, 
but after such protracted voyages that they have arrived 
iu too weak a condition to survive long. For the plant 
here figured, the Royal Gardens are indebted to the 
liberality of Messrs. Veitch, who imported it from 
Brisbane in 1884, with the information that it was found 
in the Gulf of Carpentaria, and is extremely rare there : 
it came to Kew in January, 1886, in seeding condition, 
and flowered in the following February ; it continues to 
flourish, as do seedling plants raised from its fruit, and 
now in June it is again in fruit. It requires great heat, 
and is treated like an epiphytic orchid. I have named it 
' after the eminent botanist and traveller alluded to above. — 
J. D. H. 

• Figs. I to 1, Germinating and young plants; 5, flower; 6, corolla laid open ; 
/ at'.d 8, front and back view of stamens ; 9, ovary :— all enlarged. 


Tar. G884. 
ARISTOLOCHIA longifolia. 

Native of Hong Kong. 


Genus Aeistolochia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 123.) 

Aristolochia (Siphisia) longifolia ; caule crasso deforme, ramis scandentibus 
gracilibus, interne foliisque subtus breviter tomentosis, superne (foliisque 
junioribus) dense sericeo-villosis, foliis petiolatis e basi cordata v. rotundata 
elongato- lineari-lanceolatis longe tenuiter acuminatis, subtus inter nervos 
validos reticulatim venosis, floribus basin versus ramorum solitariis paoCMTO 
pedunculatis, pedunculo ovario perianthioque estus patentim villosis, periantbii 
refracti parte inferiore (saccule) lineari-oblongo modice inflato costato superiore 
angustiore, limbo amplo suborbiculari 2-lobo intus glabro, columna obtuse 
3-loba, antheris 6 per paria connatis. 

A. longiflora, Champ, in Hook. Keiv.Tourn. vol. vi. (1854) 116 ; Benth. Fl. Honglc. 
p. 333 ; Duchartre in DC. Prodr. vol. xv, pars. 1, p. 438. 

A native of clefts of rock on Victoria Peak, in the Island 
of Hong Kong, where it was discovered by the late Col. 
Champion, when stationed on that island in 1 847-50, and 
when by his active herborizations he added enormously to 
what had been made known of the Mora of that island by Mr. 
Hinds in 1841 . It is to the exertions of these two gentlemen 
that Mr. Bentham owed the materials for the " Flora Hong- 
kongensis," which was published under the authority of 
the Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1861. 

A. longifolia is an ally of the Indian A. saccata, and is still 
nearer A. Westlandi, Hemsley, of China, the limb of the 
corolla of which is more than six inches in diameter, and 
clothed with long shaggy villous hairs. It was sent to 
Kew by Mr. Charles Ford, F.L.S., of the Botanical Gardens, 
Hong Kong, in 1882, and flowered in March of the present 
year. It requires no great heat, and succeeds best in a 
warm conservatory. 

Djrscr. Stem or rootstoch short, woody, as thick as the 

thumb ; branches several feet long, climbing, as thick as a 

goose-quill, below finely tomentose, silkily villous towards 

the tips. Leaves six to ten inches long by one to one and a 

ivtr 1st, 1886. 

half broad, pendulous, coriaceous, narrowly linear-lanceolate 
from a rounded or cordate base, narrowed into a very fine 
acuminate point, glabrous above, finely tomentose beneath, 
more villous on the stout midrib and ten to fifteen pairs 
of arching nerves, strongly reticulate between the latter ; 
petiole one-third of an inch long, stout, twisted. Floivers 
solitary or two together from towards the bases of the 
branches, pedicelled, pendulous, villous witli spreading 
hairs externally, as are the stout flexuous pedicels. Ovary 
linear-oblong. Perianth-tube yellowish, faintly streaked 
with, red-brown; saccate portion one and a half inches 
long, cylindric-oblong, moderately inflated ; refracted por- 
tion of tube shorter, suddenly dilated into a maroon- 
brown nearly orbicular shallowly two-lobed glabrous limb 
two and a half inches in diameter, and mottled with 
reticulate darker nerves ; mouth subquadrate and tube 
within bright yellow, with a few small purple specks. 
Column shortly stipitate, three-lobed ; lobes obtuse, entire, 
fleshy, with recurved crenulate margins. Anthers six, in 
three pairs, cells linear-oblong.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary and column viewed towards the back of one stigmatic lobe ; 2, the 
same viewed towards the sinus between the lobes -.—both enlarged. 





I Reeve C? London. 

Tab. 6885. 

Native of Cape Colony. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe Sctllej;. 
Genus Galtonia, Decaisne ; (BentL et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 809.) 

Galtonta clavata; bulbo ovoideo tunicis pluribus brunneis apice fibrillosis, foliis 
6-8 sessilibus lanceolatis gdabris glaucescentibus flaccidis bipedalibus, scapo 
valido tereti foliis subsequilongo, racemo laxo, pedicellis floriferia cernuis flore 
ssepe longioribus, bracteis lanceolatis membranaceis, perianthio viridulo tubo 
clavato, segmentis oblongis obtnsis tubo duplo brevioribus, staminibus limbo 
sequilongis filamentis lanceolatis antheris lineari-oblongis, ovario oblongo- 
trigono seasili, stylo gracili ovario longiori apice stigmatoso minute trilobato. 

This is a third species of Galtouia, hitherto undescribed, 
which differs from the two species already known by its 
shorter perianth-segments and lanceolate filaments. The 
genus, which differs from Hyacinthus mainly by its more 
numerous flattened seeds, was named by Decaisne in 
honour of our countryman, Francis Galton, F.R.S., the 
well-known traveller and anthropologist. "We do not 
know the precise locality of the present plant, but presume 
it to be somewhere within the already ascertained area of 
the genus, which from Kaffraria extends northwards along 
the east side of Cape Colony through Natal to the 
Transvaal, always at such a considerable altitude above 
sea-level that the two species already known are hardy in 
England. It flowered at Kew in 1881, and the bulbs were 
received in 1879 from Mr. Charles Ayres of Cape Town. 
The flowers in shape resemble those of the tuberose, but 
have no scent, and altogether it is not so fine a plant from a 
horticultural point of view as the two species already 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, three or four inches in diameter, 
with many dry brown outer tunics, splitting up at the top 
into copious persistent fibres. Leaves six or eight, 
contemporary with the flowers, sessile, lanceolate, glabrous, 
glaucous green, two feet long, one or two inches broad 

July 1st, 1886. 

below the middle, narrowed gradually to an acute point, 
furnished with a distinct pale margin. Peduncle terete, 
stiffly erect, as long as the leaves. Flowers scentless, 
greenish-white, arranged in a lax raceme ; pedicels cer- 
nuous in the flowering stage, one or two inches long; 
bracts lanceolate, membranous, persistent. Perianth-tube 
clavate, about an inch long ; segments oblong, obtuse, 
half as long as the tube, with several stripes of green 
down to the central third. Stamens inserted at the 
throat of the perianth-tube, as long as the segments ; 
filaments lanceolate, pure white ; anthers linear-oblong, 
versatile. Ovary oblong-trigonous, sessile; ovules super- 
posed, crowded, horizontal ; style slender, straight, longer 
than the ovary, obscurely three-lobed at the stigmatose 
apex. Fruit a large ovoid capsule. — /. G. Balzer. 

Fig. 1, Entire plant, much reduced in size; 2, half a flower, showing the 
stamens ; 3, pistil complete ; 4, horizontal section of the ovary : — all more or less 



Vincent Brooks Day &.Son Imp 

IReere^CP London 

Tab. 6886. 

Native of Tropical South America. 

Nat. Ord. Obchidej2. — Tribe Epidendhe^e. 
Genus Pleurothallis, Br. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 488.) 

Pleurothallis (Apodee) Barberiana ; pusilla, ca;spitosa, acaulis, folio elliptico- 
obovato apice rotundato crasso subtrigono costa marginibusque anguste 
incrassatis supra medio canalieulata, basi acuta in petiolum graeillimum 
angustata, racemis solitariis capillaribus nutantibus plurifloris, floribus 
pendulis gracillime pedieellatis, bracteis tubulosis, sepalis ovato-oblon<jis 
purpureo-maoulatis caudato-acuminatis subciliolatis, petalis multi-minoribus 
ovatis acuminatis serratis purpureo-punctatis, labello tereti lineari-oblon^u 
saccit'orme sed solido ante unguem 2-dentato purpureo, columna angusta im- 
marginata postice carinata, anthera appendice 3-dentato coronata. 

P. Barberiana, Eeichb.f. in Gard. Citron. N.S. vol. xvi. (1881), p. 6. 

There is no genus of Orchids so well deserving an 
illustrated monograph as Pleurothallis, for though wanting 
members of the gorgeous forms and colours that so many- 
other genera of the order possess, it abounds in species of 
most singular habits, and of an infinite variety of forms of 
inflorescence and flowers, and the latter, though small, are 
often of gem-like beauty. They take up little space in the 
orchid-house, flower at various seasons, are easy of culti- 
vation, and evergreen in foliage. If a fraction of the 
money spent by patrons of orchid culture on gorgeous 
duplicate plates of the better known fashionable orchids 
were devoted to illustrated monographs of such genera as 
this, Stelis, Masdevallia, Bestrepia, Bulbophjllum, and their 
allies, a great service would be rendered to both horticulture 
and botany. As it is, the numbers of species of these 
plants that are imported to be lost or thrown away, because 
not showy or gaudy, is very great, and when the rage for 
orchid-growing is past, the loss of any record of them will 
be felt. 

Pleurothallis Barberiana was first described by Dr. 
Reichenbach as "a lovely little thing, imported by Mr. 
Low, no doubt from tropical South America," and was, so 

July Ibt, 1886. 

to say, "discovered" in their stoves by Mr. J. Barber, 
who was struck with the resemblance of the lip to that of 
a Cypripedium. Dr. Reichenbach further happily remarks, 
that it " belongs to the Zephyrean company of P.macroble- 
pharis and P. balceniceps." 

For the specimen here figured the Royal Gardens are 
indebted to Messrs. Low. It flowers all summer. 

DbiscR. A dwarf tufted stemless species. Leaf one- half 
to three-fourths of an inch long, elliptic-obovate, rounded 
at the tip, narrowed into a very slender petiole, flatly 
triangular on a cross section, which shows a promi- 
nent but slender thickening of keel and margins, that 
of the margins rather due to a narrow recurvation of 
the edge, and a mesial furrow on the face, bright green. 
Racemes many times longer than the leaves, subsoiitary, 
capillary, drooping, six- to eight-flowered, but with rarely 
more than one flower open at a time; bracts brown, 
sheathing tubes, with a truncate mouth ; pedicels very 
slender; flowers nearly one inch long from the tip of the 
dorsal to that of one of the lateral sepals. Sepals oblong- 
lanceolate, concave, white blotched with purple, suddenly 
contracted into a yellow tail almost as long as the limb. 
Petals not half the size of the sepals, ovate, white spotted 
minutely with purple, ending in a long yellow point. Lip a 
linear-oblong, terete, subclavate, solid body of purple colour 
blotched with deeper purple, rounded at the tip, and with 
two teeth opposite the very short claw. Column slender, 
yellowish, keeled behind. Anther a shallow cap, crowned 
with an oblong terete three-toothed appendage. — J. L>. H. 

Fig; 1, Transverse section of leaf; 2, portion of raceme and flower; 3, flower 
viewed sideways ; 4, front, and 5, side view of flower with sepals and petals re- 
moved ; 6 and 7, anther ; 8 and 9, pollen-masses :— all enlarged. 




Ifincrat Brooks Day .' t SanJi? 

L Reeve L C°Iandoii. 

Tab. 6887. 

TULIPA Kaufmanniana. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Tulipe,*:. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa Kaufmanniana; bulbo ovoideo, tunicis brunneis membranaceis intus 
parce adpresse strigosis, caule diphyllo unifloro, foliis oblongo-Ianceolatis vel 
oblongis glaucescentibus glabris, pedunculo erecto obscure puberulo, perianthio 
magno subcampanulato versicolori (luteo, rubro vel albido) segmentis oblongis 
subobtusis subconformibus basi cuneatis ungue aurantiaco concolori, antheris 
linearibus magnis filamentis applanatis aurantiacis glabris sequilongis, ovario 
cylindrico-trigono stigmatibus magnis. 

T. Kaufmanniana, Regel Gartenfl. vol. xxvi. (1877), p. 194, tab. 906, figs. 6-10 ; 
Baker in Gard. Chron. N.S. vol. xx. (1883), p. 71. 

This is another of the fine new Tulips which have 
recently been discovered by the Russian explorers in 
Central Asia. It was found, since the date of the publica- 
tion of the first part of the Flora of Turkestan (1876), by 
Dr. Albert Regel in the mountains that surround the river 
Tschirtschik, and was named in honour of General Yon 
Kaufmann, the governor-general of the province. It is 
closely allied to T. Gesneriana, and is equally variable in 
colour, ranging through various shades of red and yellow 
to white. In all the specimens we have seen the claw of 
the segments is flushed with bright orange yellow, without 
any black line or encircling horseshoe-shaped mark. 
Dr. Regel has named two foims albo-variegata and luteo- 
variegata, of which he considers the former the type. In 
the plant from which his figure and description were made 
the pistil has evidently not attained its full development. 
Our plate was drawn from three plants flowered by 
Mr. Elwes at Cirencester early in the month of April of 
the present year. 

Desck. Bulb ovoid, an inch in diameter; tunics brown, 
membranous, slightly hairy inside. Stem erect, one- 
flowered, under a foot bug. Leaves usually two, oblong- 

july 1st, 1886. 

lanceolate or oblong, five or six inches long, an inch or an 
inch and a half broad at the middle, glaucescent, glabrous. 
Peduncle obscurely pubescent, about as long as the leaves. 
Perianth subcampanulate, two or two and a half inches 
long in the cultivated plant, yellow, red or white; 
segments subequal, oblong-cuneate, subobtuse, with a 
bright orange concolorous claw. Stame?is an inch long; 
anthers linear, lemon-yellow ; filaments bright orange, 
glabrous, flattened. Ovary cylindrical-trigonous, nearly 
an inch long; stigmas large, suborbicular, undulated. — 
J. G. BaJcer. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Segments of the perianth, from two different flowers, life-size { 
3, a stamen ; 4, pistil: — both enlarged. 


■ . 

Tab. 6888. 
RANUNCULUS lyallii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculace.e. — Tribe Ranuncules. 
Genus Ranunculus, Linn; (Bentk. et BZooh.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 5.) 

Ranunculus Lyallii; elatus, robustus, foliis radicalibus longe petiolatis crasse 
coriaceis orbicularibus peltatis crenatis, caulinis sessilibus reniformibus supremis 
cuneiformibus lobulatis, floribus maximis coiymbosis, pedunculis pedicellis 
sepalisque araneoso-lanatis, petalis perplurimis cuneato-obovatis albis, stamini- 
bus brevibuSj acheniis in stylum gracilem flexuosum attenuatis viilosis. 

R. Lyallii, Hook. f. Handbook of Neic Zealand Flora, p. 4 ; Armstrong in 
Gard. Chron. 1ST. S. xv. (1881), p. 74, fig. 131 ; Masters, I. c. N. S. xxiii. 
(1885), 351, fig. 67. 

The first specimens of this remarkable plant, which is 
certainly the monarch of the genus, were procured in Milford 
Sound ,on the west coast of the Southern Island of New 
Zealand, by Dr. Lyall, when accompanying Capt. Stokes 
in the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Acheron (1847-9) ; 
unfortunately they consisted of leaves only. These did 
not even suggest the natural family to which they belonged, 
and from their likeness to those of a gigantic Hydrocotyle 
vulgaris were not unnaturally supposed to be referable to 
an unknown umbelliferous plant. In 18G0-1 it was redis- 
covered by Drs. Sinclair, R.N., and Haast (now Sir Julius 
Von Haast, F.R.S.), when travelling in the mountains on 
the eastern side of the Middle Island, in marshy places 
at elevations of 3000 to 4000 feet (it attains even 5000 
in the Lake Ohou district) ; and since that time it has 
been repeatedly found in various localities between the 
latitudes of Canterbury and Otago by Messrs. Travers, 
Hector, Buchanan, and other travellers. Its most re- 
markable character is its peltate leaves, which it shares 
with only three other species, namely, B. Traversii, Hook, f., 
also a native of the New Zealand Alps and too closely 
allied to E. Lyallii (but differs in its much smaller size 
and broader obcordate petals), and two indigenous in 
South Africa, B. Cooperi, Oliv. (in Hook. Ic. PL t. 1502), 
from marshy places on the mountains of Basuto Land, 
and B. Baurii, MacOwan (in Journ. Linn. Soc. xviii. 390, 

vugust 1st, 1886. 

and Hook. Ic. PL t. 1503), from similar situations in the 
Kaffrarian mountains. 

The following account of the localities which B. Lyattii 
inhabits and other matters is extracted from notes by 
Mr. J. B. Armstrong, of Christchurch, N.Z., published 
in the " Gardener's Chronicle." It is confined to the 
Middle Island, extending from Canterbury, where it grows 
at 2000 to 4000 feet elevation, to Otago, where its limits 
are 1000 and 3500 feet, and grows on mountain slopes 
below the snow-fields, where the ground is usually kept 
moist during the summer from the trickling downwards of 
the melting snow, and is shaded from the mid-day sun. 
These slopes are perfectly drained by masses of rock 
beneath, and are covered by peat. It also, however, occurs 
in sand, and even in shingle. On mountains facing the 
south Mr. Armstrong has seen it " covering the ground 
for hundreds of acres with one huge sheet of pure white," 
but it more commonly grows in patches of a score or thirty 
plants among straggling patches of Olearias, Veronicas, and 
other shrubs. An admirable wood-cut, taken from a 
photograph sent by Mr. Armstrong, of a long border 
crowded with plants of this species, accompanies his 
description, and gives an excellent idea of its habit. 

Seeds have been sent to England during the last twenty 
years by the thousand, but their germinating powers seem 
to be destroyed or retarded by the voyage, for very few 
plants have been raised from them. The late Mr. Isaac 
Anderson-Henry is said to have flowered it previous to 
1864, and remarked that the seeds lay dormant for four 
or five years ; whereas in New Zealand, Mr. Armstrong 
found that they germinated in exactly eight months. 
Those, one of which produced the plant here figured 
(which flowered in April, 1886), were received per Major 
Teschkernaker, of Sydenham ; they were sown in a tropical 
heat at Kew in October, 1882, and germinated in November 
of the following year. It is known in New Zealand as the 
Lily, Water Lily, Mountain Lily, and Rookwood Lily; and 
the leaves attain a foot in diameter, and the flowers four 
inches ; these vary from snow-white, the usual colour, to 
creamy and pink, all very rare colours in the genus, except 
in species of the aquatic (Batrochium) section. — J. D. E. 

Fi£. 1, 2, Stamens ; 3, young carpels ; 4, head of achenes ; 5, ripe achenes :—all 
bid Jig. 4 enlarged. 


f ■%. 

Tab. 6889. 
IRIS MiLEsrr. 

Native of Temperate Himalayas. 

Nat. Ord. Ibide.e. — Tribe MoH/EE^e. 
Genus Iris, Linn. (BentJi. et IT/ok.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 

Ibis (Evansia) Milesii ; rhizomate late repeute, foliis 7-8 ensiformibus pallide 
viridibus, pedunculo tripedili apice oorytnboao 3-l-cephal<>, floribdi 3-l-nU 
pulchre lilacinis evanescentibtis inodoris, spathre valvis ovatis vel oblongii 
firmulis brevibas, pedicellis bracfceis vix bvevioribus, pprianthii tubo biwi. 
segmentis exterioribus obovatis falcatis pallide lilacinis lineis tatar&ta purpareii 
radiantibas prseditis carina lntea profunde fimbriate, segmentia interioriban 
obovato-unguiculatis concoloribus, stiginatis appendicibus quadratis prot'unJe 

I. Milesii, Foster in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xx. (1883), p. 231. 

This interesting new Iris was received in seed by Mr. 
Frank Miles from the Kulu and Parbutta valleys of the 
North- Western Himalayas, and first flowered in this 
country in the summer of 1883, when it was described by 
Professor Foster in the " Gardener's Chronicle." We have 
also received dried specimens from Dr. Brandis, which 
were gathered by himself in flower in the Parbutta valley 
in October, 1876. It is said to grow at an elevation above 
sea -level of 14,000 feet, so that it comes decidedly within 
the bounds of the temperate region. The flowers are 
handsome, but fugitive. Botanically it is very distinct 
and interesting as furnishing a link of transition between 
the fimbriated and bearded Irises (the sections Bvansia 
and Pogoniris), for the crest is so deeply fimbriated as to 
have almost become a beard. Its nearest allies are the 
Chinese Iris tectorum, Maxim. (Bot. Mag. tab. 6118), and 
the well-known Iris japonica, Thunb. (/. chinensis, Curt. 
Bot. Mag. tab. 373). Our drawing was made from a 
specimen sent by Mr. Lynch from the Cambridge Botanic 
Garden in May, 1886. 

Desob. Rootstock creeping to a length of half a foot or 
more. Leaves seven or eight to a stem, distichous, 

AUGUST 1st, 1886. 

ensiform, pale green, firm in texture, tapering gradually to 
a point, one and a half or two feet long, an inch and a half 
broad. Floiuering-stem three feet long, bearing three or 
four clusters of flowers. Flowers three or four in a cluster, 
bright lilac, fugitive, inodorous; spathe-valves ovate or 
oblong, moderately firm in texture, green at the flowering- 
time, an inch or an inch and a half long; pedicels nearly 
or quite as long as the spathe. Ovary clavate ; tube short, 
cylindrical ; limb above two inches long ; outer segments 
obovate, under an inch broad, with lines of darker lilac 
radiating from the deeply fimbriated yellow crested keel ; 
inner segments rather shorter than the outer, more 
ascending, obovate - unguiculate, concolorous. Anthers 
linear, white, basifixed. Styles lilac, above an inch long ; 
appendages quadrate, deeply fimbriated. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, much reduced; 2, apex of leaf; 3, clusters of flowers, both 
life-size; 4, stameu ; 5, style with stigma and crests -.—both enlarged. 




wi ;:oa ^' 


Tab. 6890. 
CERINTHE minoe. 

Native of Southern Europe and Western Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Bobagine^:. — Tribe Borages. 
Genus Cekinthe, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 854.) 

Ceeinthe minor ; glabra, glauca, caulibus erectis ramosis foliosis, foliis lsevibus 
v. verrucosis inferioribus oblongis ovato-oblongisve, superioribus sessilibus 
ovato-cordatis serrulatis, racemis valde elongatis, bracteis auric ulato-cordatis, 
sepalis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis serrulatis, corollse tubo calyce longiore, 
lobis lanceolatis acuminatis erecto-conniventibus deinum reflexis, filamentis 
brevissimis, antheris anguste lanceolatis in appendiceal lanceolatam acnoiinatam 
productis, carpellis lsevibus. 

C. minor, Linn. Sp. PL 772 ; DC. Prodr. x. 2 ; Ait. Hort. Few. Ed. 2, vol. i. 
p. 295 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iv. p. 148 ; Jacq. Fl. Austr. vol. ii. p. 15, 
t. 224; Feichb. Ic. Grit. vol. iii. fi;j. 481, and Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. xviii. 
t. 1295 ; Nees Gen. Fl. Germ. vol. vi. t. 66. 

A hardy herbaceous plant, of short duration, and 
described as either biennial or perennial, very variable in 
character, and of its forms or varieties at least five species 
have been made, all brought together by Boissier in his 
" Flora Orientalis." It was introduced into England as 
long ago as 1570 by Mr. Hugh Morgan, and is figured in 
a rude wood-cut, with a description, though not a botanical 
one, in Lobel's "Adversaria" (p. 172). As an ornamental 
plant it is not to be compared with G. major (Bot. Mag. 
t. 333), or the rare G. gymnandra (t. 6130). 

G. minor is a native of a wide range of country, extending 
from the Alps of Dauphiny to Middle and South Russia, 
inhabiting also Italy and Dalmatia, Greece, Asia Minor, 
Syria, Armenia, and N". Persia; it varies greatly in the size 
of the leaves, which are all green or spotted with white, 
and smooth or warted ; the corolla is all yellow, or has a 
yellow tube and purple lobes or vice versa (as in the 
specimen here figured), or it has purple spots on the 
throat; the appendages of the anthers, too, vary in length. 
The specimen here figured is from a plant that flowered at 
Kew, where it has long been cultivated in the Herbaceous 
Ground, flowering in July. 
AtrorsT 1st, 1886. 

Descr. A pale green glaucous erect perennial branching 
herb, ten to eighteen inches high, with terete stem, and the 
flowering branches at first incurved, and then lengthening 
out into leafy racemes. Leaves one to four inches long, 
the lower obovate-spathulate, narrowed into a broad petiole, 
all green or spotted with white, smooth or with low small 
warts on one or both surfaces. Racemes six to eight 
inches long, densely clothed with leafy bracts; bracts 
ovate-cordate, subserrulate, acute or tip rounded ; flowers 
one-third of an inch long, pedicelled, pedicels shorter than 
the calyx. Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, very unequal, 
serrulate, dilated after flowering. Corolla-tube rather 
larger than the calyx; lobes ovate-lanceolate, at first 
conniving, then sharply reflexed, colours yellow and purple 
variously disposed. Stamens on the mouth of the corolla ; 
filaments very short; anthers long, connective dilated and 
produced into a subulate point of very variable length. 
Carpels quite smooth, enclosed in the dilated sepals. — 
/. D. H. 

Fig._ 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, calyx ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, top of style 
and stigma ; 6, transverse section of ovary ; 7, ripe fruit : — all enlarged. 





Tab. 6891. 

disa atropuepueea. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^:. — Tribe Ophetde^:. 
Genus Disa, Berg.; (Be nth. et Mook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 630.) 

Disa (Trichochila) atrosanguinea ; foliis gramineis rigidis acuminatis canaliculars 
ultra medium sensim latioribus, scapis foliis longioribus 1-2-floris, vatrinis 
3 appressis acuminatis, bracteis cuspidatis ovarium subsequantibus, floribus 
purpureia, galea ampla ovato-rotundata acuta concava marjjinibus incurvis, 
calcare brevi lato subinflato apice rotundato, sepalis lateralibus oblongis 
incurvis, petalis parvis medio constrictis basi dilatatis supra medium late 
cuneatis 2-fidis, labello late ovato-cordato acuminato undulato-crispato, ungue 
brevi gracili. 

D. atrosanguinea, Sonder in Linncea, vol. xix. (1847), p. 96. 

The Cape of Good Hope may prove to be the head- 
quarters of terrestrial Orchids in the southern hemisphere, 
if not in the globe. No fewer than a hundred species of 
Disa are already known, and Harvey, in the second edi- 
tion of his Genera of South African plants, enumerates 
thirty-five genera of terrestrial habit, some of them with 
very numerous species. In Australia, including the 
tropical half of that continent, there are about the 
same number of genera, but only about 180 species of 
these are described in Bentham's " Flora Australiensis." 
In Europe, Nyman, in his " Conspectus Flora? Europseas," 
enumerates twenty-eight genera and 110 species. In 
North America they are fewer still, and neither tropical 
South America nor tropical Africa has hitherto been prolific 
in this class of plant. Asia remains, where the majority 
are Himalayan species of European genera or tropical 
genera of the Malay Peninsula and Archipelago, but they 
have never been enumerated. Nor will the Cape yield to 
any country in the beauty of its terrestrial Orchids, which 
no doubt centres in the genus Disa. 

Disa atrosanguinea is a native of the Worcester district 
of the Cape, where it was first found near a waterfall at 
the town of Tulbagh by the botanical travellers Ecklon and 

august 1st, 1886. 

Zeylier. The specimen here figured was kindly sent by 
W. Gumbleton, Esq., in April of the present year. It is 
very closely allied to the D. spathulata, Swartz, also a native 
of Tulbagh, but that has the claw of the lip as long as or 
longer than the blade. 

Descr. A rigid erect perennial herb. Leaves five to six 
inches long, grassy, gradually dilated from a slender petiole 
to towards the finely acuminate tip, one-sixth of an inch broad 
at the broadest part, light green and channelled above, 
keeled and paler beneath. Scape longer than the leaves, 
one- to two-flowered ; sheaths few, appressed, aouminate ; 
bracts oblong, acuminate, equalling or shorter than the 
ovary ; flower one to one and a half inch long from the tip 
of the upper sepal to that of the lip, of a uniform rather 
dull red-purple, except the small yellowish petals. Upper 
sepal (galea) rounded-ovate, subacute, concave with incurved 
margins ; lateral oblong, incurved. Petals minute, erect, 
contracted in the middle, below dilated and auricled in 
front ; above obliquely cuneate and unequally two-lobed, 
with the broader lobe toothed, the smaller acute or obtuse. 
Lip about as large as the upper sepal, shortly clawed, 
ovate-cordate, acuminate, waved and rather crisped. 
Column very short. — J. D. H. 

Fig 1 . 1, Front, and 2, lateral view of flower with the sepals and lip removed ; 
3, front, and 4, lateral view of column ; 5, a pollen-mass : — all enlarged. 


N.Trt/ih 1th. 


7 m cent3roateDa>^ScmIinp 

Tab. 6892. 
ribes oxyacanthoides. 

Native of North America. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifbagaces:. — Tribe Ribesie.5:. 
Genus Ribes, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 651.) 

Ribes (Grossularia) oxyacanthoides ; glabrum v. parce setosum, spinis solitariis 
v. 2-3-nis, foliis orbiculafcis v. basi truncatis cuneatisve 3-lobis obtuse inciso- 
crenatis lobulatisve, pedunculis brevibus 2-3-floris, floribus glabris, calycis 
tubo supra ovarium, campatmlato lobis oblongis obtusis brunneis breviore, 
petalis minutis flavis, bacca globosa glabra purpurea. 

R. oxyacanthoides, Linn. Sp. PL 201; DC. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 478; Ait. Ilort. 
Few. Ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 43 ; Nouv. Duhamel, vol. iii. p. 232; Torrey Sf Gray 
Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 546, excl. var.; Torrey, PL U.S. p. 270; A. Gray, 
Pot. Calif, vol. i. p. 206 ; Berland. in Mem. 'Soc. Genev. p. 58, t. 1, fig. 2 ; 
Loud. Arb. Brit. vol. ii. p. 968, fig. 715 ; 8. Watson, Bill. Index, part i. p. 335. 

R- hirtellum, Michx. FL Bor. Am. vol. i. p. Ill; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. ii. 
p. 231 ; Torr. Sf Gr. FL Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 546 ; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U.S. 
Ed. 5, p. 164; Loud. Arb. Brit. vol. ii. p. 971. 

R. saxosum, Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 231. 

An American Gooseberry of very wide distribution, and 
one well worth cultivating on account of its fruit. It 
extends from Canada and the Northern United States to 
Hudson's Bay and British North America, and runs down 
the Rocky Mountains to New Mexico, occurring also in the 
Sierra Nevada of California, where it is found at elevations 
of 6000 to 9000 feet, as far south as Mariposa county. 
There has been so much confusion between this and B. 
Cynosbati, Linn., lacustre, Poir, and setosum, Lindl., that 
Gray only accepts it as probably the oxyacanthoides of 
Linnaeus. In a paper on " Our Wild Gooseberries " by 
Gray, published in the "American Naturalist" (vol. x. 
p. 270, May 1876), that author says of the name oxyacan- 
thoides, that "it must be brought into use in place of 
B. hirtellum, Michx. (which is generally inappropriate), for 
no reasonable doubt remains that it is the Hudson's Bay 
Gooseberry figured by Dillenius (Hortus Elthamensis, 
p. 166, t. 139, f. 166) upon which Linnseus founded the 

august 1st, 1886. 

species. It is the common smooth-fruited Gooseberry of 
New England and the whole region northward." 

JR. oxyacantlwides, or " Currant Gooseberry," was intro- 
duced into England in 1705 by a Mr. Reynardson, and 
is mentioned by Plukenet in his " Amaltheum Botanicum." 
The fruiting specimens figured were kindly sent in August, 
1885, by G. Fox, Esq., of Chad Hill, Sandown, Isle 
of Wight, and the flowering in April of the present 
year. It only remains to add that though smaller than 
the common gooseberry, the fruit is as good as the ordinary 
yarieties of that species, and the skin is much thinner, 
and that it has none of the unpleasant musky flavour of 
some allied North American species. I have received from 
the South of France a small globose purple smooth-skinned 
ripe gooseberry in the month of May, which resembles 
those of oxyacanthoitles so much that I suspect it may be 
cultivated there for the sake of its fruit. Loudon states 
that the colour of the latter varies from red to green and 
purplish blue. It is described as an unfailing cropper, 
flourishing when the ordinary gooseberry flags for want 
of moisture ; and its only drawback is the thorny nature 
of the bush, which renders the berries difficult to pick. 

Desce. An erect shrub, two to four feet high ; branches 
pale, smooth, or with a few scattered bristles ; spines one 
to three. Leaves one and a half to two inches broad, 
usually semicircular in outline, with a truncate base, but 
the latter is sometimes cuneate, three- to five-lobed, lobes 
coarsely crenate, pale green and glabrous above, paler and 
sometimes pubescent beneath; petiole very slender, as 
long as the blade. Racemes small, short, two- to three- 
flowered ; bracts minute ; flowers half an inch in diameter. 
Calyx-tube campanulate, green, lobes about as long as the 
tube, oblong, tip rounded, reddish-brown. Petals minute, 
yellow. Stamens shorter than the calyx-lobes. Ovary 
ellipsoid, glabrous; style two-cleft to below the middle, 
hairy. Berry globose, three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter, green red or purple; skin very tender, quite 
glabrous ; pulp sweet. Seeds many.—/. D. K 

« ^^^^""gbrancli; 2, petal; 3, stamens ; 4, ovary; 5, fruiting specimen ; 
b seed with fleshy testa ; 7, nucleus and raphe from do. ; 8, longitudinal section 
ot seed and embryo x-all hut Jigs. 1 and 5 enlarged. 


\Su i U 

* C° London 

YmcentBroaksDay& Sonjmp 

Tab. 6893. 
BEFARIA glauca. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Ebicaceje. — Tribe Buododendke.e. 
Genus Befabia, Mutis.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 599.) 

Beparia glauea; ramis _ foliisque glaberrimis, foliis oblongo-Iancoolatis aentis 
breviter petiolatis venis obscuris supra Irate viridibus convexis snbtus glaucis, 
racemo paniculave erecta laxe multiflora, ramis ramulis pedicellisque minute 
sparse puberulis glaberrimisve, bracteis parvis sparsis subulatis, floribus lou^o 
gracile pedicellatis, sepalis rotundatis ciliolatis, petalis lineari-oblonsjis roseir? 
nervis 3-5 saturatioribus percursis, filamentis glaberrimis elongatis, antheris 

B. glauea, Humb. and Bonpl. PI. Equinoct. vol. i. p. 117, t. 119; TTumh. 
Bonpl. and Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. iii. p. 291 ; Be Cand. Prodr. 
vol. vii. p. 731; Morren, Ann. Soc. Agric, and Bot. de Gand. vol. i. t. 7. 

The genua Befaria in habit, inflorescence, colour of 
flowers, and the elevations at which the most of the 
species grow, represents in the Andes the Rhododendrons 
of the mountains of the Northern Hemisphere; and 
it is a noteworthy fact, that they begin in the American 
continent exactly where the true Rhododendrons find their 
southern limit. Thus, of the latter genus, B. punctatum, 
Andr. (Bot. Mag., tab. 2285), the most southern species 
known, which inhabits the mountains of Georgia and Caro- 
lina, also occurs in the pine barrens of West Florida, where 
it finds its southern limit ; and it is in the sandy soils of 
Georgia and East Florida that the most northern species 
of Befaria, namely B. racemosa, Vent., is found. 

Notwithstanding this, it is not to Rhododendron that the 
botanist looks for the nearest allies of Befaria, but to the 
comparatively inconspicuous genus Ledum, which in 
America extends from the Arctic regions to the mountains 
of Guiana, where also Befaria occurs. Befaria is, in fact, 
only distinguished from Ledum by few other characters 
than habit and the size of the flower, and consists in 
Ledum having a five-toothed calyx, five or ten stamens, 
and an oblong five-valved capsule bursting from the base 

sept. 1st, 1880. 

upwards, whilst Befaria has a five- to seven-partite calyx, 
and a globose six- to seven-valved capsule bursting (as in 
Rhododendron) from the top downwards. 

B. glauca was discovered by Humboldt and Bonpland on 
the Silla de Caraccas, in the beginning of the century. 
It was introduced into cultivation by Jacob Makoy of 
Liege, who received seeds from the collector Nicholas 
Funk, and flowered plants of it in 1845. Its geographical 
range is uncertain ; it seems identical with a plant collected 
in the colony of Tovar by Fendler (No. 743), and by Pierce 
in the Andes of Poruro (9000 ft.) in Peru, and it may hence 
prove a form of a species with rusty-pubescent peduncles 
and pedicels, which is common in the Andes from New 
Grenada southward. 

The specimen here figured was raised from seed sent to 
Kew by Mr. Robert Thomson (formerly of the Jamaica 
Botanical Garden) on his return from an excursion to 
the Silla with Professor Ernst of Caraccas in 1879, and 
flowered in the Temperate House in April of the present 
year. Mr. Thomson says of it, " I first found it at 5500 
feet elevation, forming thickets everywhere over the slopes 
and ridges up to 7200 feet, the foliage diminishing much 
in size at the higher elevations ; so much so that specimens 
from the highest spots might be taken for a distinct species. 
It grows in a stiff soil, partly of decayed vegetable mould, 
and partly of clay. At a height of over 7000 feet I 
observed a trunk two feet in diameter, which had been cut 
down at about ten feet above the ground, and the top of 
which bore branches two feet high. The plant, however, 
rarely exceeds eight to ten feet in height." 

The other species of Befaria figured in this work are B. 
coarctata (Tab. 4433), B. wstans, Linn. (Tab. 4818), and 
B. Mathewsii, Hook. (Tab. 4981).—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Pedicel, calyx and style; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, ovary; 5, transverse 
section of the same .— all enlarged. 


M.S.del, J.N.FitcKJith. 



iteeve & G Q London. 

Tab. 6894. 
IRIS Stately. 

Native of Southern Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Mok^ee^. 
Jenus Ieis, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 683.) 

Ieis (Pogoniris) Statellce ; rbizomate breviter repente, foliis ensiformibus erectis 
glauco-viridibus caule brevioribus, caule monocephalo subpedali, floribus 
evanescentibus, sulpbureis viridi venosis, spathis bifloris, valvis oblongis 
ventricosis apice marginibusque late scariosis, ovario subsessili, perianthii tubo 
cylindrico viridi subunciali, limbi segmentis exterioribus obovato-cuneatis 
falcatis dimidio inferiori barbatis, interioribus erectis obovatis unguiculatis, 
antheris filamento aequikmgis, styli cristis deltoideis serratis. 

I. Statellas, Todaro Nuov. Gen. p. 5 ; Hort. Panorm. p. 23, t. 6 ; Bull. Soc. 
Bot. France, vol. v. p. 659. 

This new Iris is very nearly allied to Iris lutescens of 
Lamarck, which was figured long ago in the Botanical 
Magazine on Plate 2861, differing principally in its more 
membranous spathe-valves and broader perianth-segments. 
These two species and I.virescens form a group differing from 
the German Irises by having only a single cluster of more 
fugitive less brightly-coloured flowers. The native country 
of the present plant is not known clearly. It was described 
by Professor Todaro from specimens grown in the Botanic 
Garden of Palermo. It was first imported into this country 
a few years ago by Professor M. Foster. Our drawing 
was made from plants sent up from Cambridge in the 
middle of May by Mr. R. J. Lynch. 

Descr. Rhizome short-creeping. Leaves ensiform, 
glaucous green at the flowering season, six to nine inches 
long, under an inch broad. Stem about a foot long, 
bearing only a single terminal cluster, containing two 
flowers ; spathe-valves oblong, ventricose, scariose in the 
upper half and on the edge at the flowering season. 
Flowers fugitive, pale sulphur-yellow, veined with green ; 
ovary subsessile ; tube cylindrical, green, about an inch 
long; limb above two inches long; outer segments obovate- 
cuneate, falcate, with a dense purplish beard, tipped with 

sept. 1st, 1886. 

orange-yellow down the lower half; inner segments as 
long as the outer, obovate, rounded to a, distinct claw. 
Anthers as long as the filaments. Styles an inch long, the 
serrated deltoid crests reaching to the tip of the beard. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A single stamen ; 2, style with crests : — loth enlarged. 


MS del, J.N.Fitch,litk 

L Reeve & C° London.. 

Tab. 6895. 
TULIPA Osteowskiana. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace,e. — Tribe Tulipe^:. 
Genus TutlPA, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 818.) 

Tulipa OstrowsJciana ; bulbo ovoideo timicis exterioribus atrobrunneis intus 
parce adpresse pilosis, caule glabro glauco unifloro triphyllo, foliis glauco- 
viridibus marginibus obscure ciliatis, inferiori oblongo semipedali, superioribus 
lanceolatis, pedunculo glabro erecto, perianthio catnpanulato splendide rubro 
segmentis conformibus oblongis acutis basi nigro-maculatis, filaraentis deorsnm 
nigrescentibus basi nullo modo pilosis, stigmatibus sessilibus ovario vix 

T. Ostrowskiana, Kegel in Gartenjlora, vol. xxxiii. (1884), p. 34, 71, 358, t. 1144, 
fig. 1 ; Descr. PL Nov. fasc. ix. p. 9. 

This is another fine new Tulip from Central Asia. It 
was discovered in Eastern Turkestan in the year 1881 by 
Dr. Albert Regel, and was named in compliment to Herr 
von Ostrowski, chief minister of the department to which 
the Imperial Botanic Garden at St. Petersburg belongs. 
Of the older-known types it is nearest to T. Didieri, 
Jordan (Bot. Mag., tab. 6639). From T. Gesneriana it 
may be known at a glance by all the six segments of the 
perianth being narrowed to an acute apex and furnished 
with a small cuneate blotch of black at the base of the claw. 
There are two forms, one scarlet, with the outer segments 
of the perianth flushed outside with green, and the other 
crimson, with the outer segments with a glaucous tint, but 
no green. Our plate represents a plant grown at Kew, the 
bulbs of which came from Dr. de Regel. With us it 
flowers in the open air in the middle of April. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, middle-sized ; outer tunics rigid, 
brown-black, with a few adpressed hairs inside. Stem 
one-flowered, three-leaved, glaucous, glabrous, about a foot 
long. Leaves glaucous, glabrous on the surface, minutely 
ciliated, erecto-patent ; lowest oblong, acute, half a foot 
long ; two upper much smaller, lanceolate. Peduncle erect, 

sept. 1st, 1880. 

three or four inches long. Perianth campanulate, bright 
red, an inch and a half long ; segments uniform, oblong, 
acute, furnished with, a small black blotch at the base. 
Stamens half as long as the perianth ; anthers reddish ; 
filaments tinged with black in the lower half, glabrous at 
the base. Ovary cylindrical-trigonous, shorter than the 
stamens ; stigmas about equalling the ovary in breadth. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A stamen ; 2, pistil : — both enlarged. 



L.ReeveiC London 


Tab. 6896. 
CORYDALIS Seweezovi. 

Native of Western Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Papaverace2E. — Sub-Ord. Fumarie^e. 
Genus Coeydalis, DC; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 55.) 

Coeydalis (Bulbocapnos) Sewerzovi ; glaberrima, radice tuberosa, caule pedali 
crasso flexuoso carnosulo, foliis infimis suboppositis verticillatisve longe 
petiolatis piimatisectis, foliolis paucis alternis oppositisque obovatis obtusis 
apiculatisve glaucis flabellatim nervosis integris v. inajqualiter lobatis, foliis 
caulinis bracteisve amplis obovatis obtusis acutis v. acuminatis, lloribus paucis 
gracillime pedicellatis, sepalis minimis membranaceis dentatis v. lobulatis albis, 
corolla sesquipollicari aurea, tubo inferne gibboso calcare elongato robusto 
apice incurvo obtuso brunneo multo breviore, limbi labiis sequilongis reflexis 
marginibus incurvis, stylo filiformi, stigruate discoideo lobulato. 

C. Sewerzovi, Regel PI. Semenov. Fasc. i. Suppl. ii. p. 16, n. 606, and in Garten- 
flora, vol. xxxi. (1882), p. 97, t. 1077. 

A very handsome species of Gorydalis, allied to the 
common G. bulbosa, Linn., of our gardens, but with fewer 
flowers of very much greater size. Dr. de Regel, to whose 
exertions we are indebted for so many beautiful novelties 
from Central Asia, first described it in 1870 from specimens 
collected by Semenov in 1857, in the cis- and trans-Ili 
provinces of Western Turkestan; and he afterwards 
figured it in his Garden Flora, from plants which flowered 
in the St. Petersburg Garden, and of which roots were 
sent by his indefatigable and intrepid son, Dr. Albert Regel. 
As a species he regards it as nearest to G. Ledebouriana, 
Karel. and Kiril., of Soongaria (which in the " Flora 
Indica," but not in the Flora of British India, was 
erroneously referred to G. rutcefolia), and indeed it much 
resembles a greatly enlarged form of that plant. 

C. Sewerzovi was drawn from specimens sent to Kew 
by Mr. Elwes, from his garden at Preston, Cirencester, in 
February last, where it had flowered in a frame under 
protection. It flowered at the same time at Kew, from 
tubers, received in June, 1885, from Dr. Aitchison, botanist 
to the Affghanistan Boundary Commission. 

sept. 1st, 1886. 

Desce. Root an irregular tuber, about the size of a 
small potato. Stems one or more from the root, eight 
to twelve inches high, stout, succulent, flexuous and 
ascending, unbranched. Leaves pale green, glaucous, 
rather fleshy, lower opposite or in a false whorl, from 
where the stem leaves the ground, a span long and less, 
pinnatisect, long-petioled ; pinnules few, opposite and 
alternate, an inch long or less, obovate, obtuse or apicu- 
late, entire or with one or two irregular lobes or segments; 
nerves flabellate, faint ; cauline leaves or bracts very large, 
sessile, one inch long or less, broadly cuneate, subacute or 
with the tip rounded; base often rounded or cordate, 
glaucous, usually longer than the peduncles. Flowers few, 
distant ; pedicels slender. Sepals very minute, mem- 
branous, white, irregularly toothed or crenate. Corolla 
one and a half inch long, golden yellow with a brownish 
tip to the spur ; tube gibbously convex below, not half as 
long as the very stout curved horizontal cylindric spur, 
the tip of which is incurved and obtuse; tips of limb 
subequal in length, with broadly incurved margins, the 
upper broadest and rounded, the lower ovate obtuse. 
Ovary oblong ; style very slender, stigma erect disciform 
lobulate.— J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Sepals ; 2, bundle of stamens ; 3, pistil : — all enlarged. 



L.ReevekC London.. 

Tab. 6897. 
GLADIOLUS Kotschyanus. 

Native of Persia and Affglianistan. 

Nat. Ord. Iride.e. — Tribe Ixie.e. 
Genus Gladiolus, Linn.; (Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 709.) 

Gladiolus (Sphaerospora) Kotschyanus; tmlbo ovoideo tunicis fibrosis, caul ibus 
erectis strictis gracilibus 1-2-pedalibus, foliis 2-3 linearibus remote superpositis 
rigidulis glabris, floribus 4-12 in spicam laxam secundam dispositis, spathffi 
valvis lanceolatis firmulis insequalibus, periantbii rubello-purpurei tubo infundi- 
bulari, segmentis anguste obovatis suba?quilo«gis tubo 2-3-plo superantibus, 3 
inferioribus inagis f'alcatis et unguiculatis facie purpureo saturation pulcbre 
carinatis, genitalibus periantbio distincte brevioribus, seminibus subglobosis 

G. Kotschyanus, Boiss. Diagn. ser. 1, part xiii. p. 15 ; Baker in Journ. Linn 
Soc. vol. v. p. 141. 

G. imbricatus, var. Kotschyanus, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. v. p. 141. 

This is the first-fruits, from a horticultural point of view, 
of Dr. Aitchison's labours as Botanist to the Affghan 
Boundary Commission. The Oriental Gladioli are in a 
state of great confusion, for they belong to a group in 
which the differential characters of the species are so slight 
that they can only be worked out by studying the plant in 
all stages of growth, which of course can only be done 
properly when it is brought into cultivation. Dr. Aitchison 
has brought home a good supply of the present plant in a 
late stage of growth, and we have now grown and flowered 
it from his seeds at Kew; and after studying this full 
material, I feel quite satisfied that it is distinct specifically 
from the widely-spread European Gladiolus imbricatus, 
with which Boissier has lately united it. There are several 
allied Oriental forms, as G. subbiflorus, hygrophilus and 
libanoticus of Boissier, and G. Baddeanus of Trautvetter, 
which also require to be studied under cultivation. Dr. 
Aitchison found the present plant growing abundantly 
both in Eastern Persia and North-Western Afghanistan as 
a weed in cultivated fields at an elevation of five thousand 

sept. 1st, 1886. 

feet above sea-level. With us at Kew it flowered about the 
middle of May. The figures of the fruit and seeds are 
taken from Dr. Aitchison's dried specimens. 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, under an inch in diameter; outer 
tunics brown, with close strong parallel fibres, anasto- 
mosing towards the top by a few cross- veinlets. Flower- 
ing-stems slender, stiffly erect, one or two feet long, 
sheathed for two or three inches at the base by a scariose 
rudimentary leaf. Produced leaves generally three, dis- 
tantly superposed, linear, glabrous, strongly ribbed, the 
central one the largest, half a foot long. Flowers four to 
twelve, arranged in a lax secund spike; spathe-valves 
unequal, lanceolate. Perianth bright lilac-purple ; tube 
funnel-shaped, half an inch long; segments narrowly 
obovate, an inch or an inch and a quarter long, the three 
lower ones keeled with darker lilac and more spreading 
and more distinctly unguiculate than the upper three. 
Stamens not reaching to the tip of the perianth-segments ; 
anthers linear, half an inch long. Style-branches reaching 
to the tip of the anthers. Capsule oblong, half an inch 
long. Seeds globose or slightly angled by pressure, not 
at all winged, pale brown. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig, 1, Front view of anther; 2, side view of anther; 3, pistil, all enlarged ; 
4, spike in fruiting stage, life-size. 



Tab. 6898. 
TILLANDSIA fenestrates. 

Native of Rio de Janeiro. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeliace^. — Tribe Tilla^dsie^. 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn. {Benth. et Kooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 669.) 

Tillanpsia (Vriesia) fenestralis ; caulibus robustis crespitosis, surculis axillaribus 
sessilibus, foliis perplurimis 1-2 pedalibus 2-3 poll, latis recurvis late linearibus 
abrupte acuminatis coriaceis viridibus tessellatis, scapo simplici erecto bracteato, 
bracteis convolutis appressis, spica erecta stricta robusta, floribus approximatis 
distichis horizontalibus sessilibus, bracteis tubulosis crassis teretibus viridibus 
brunneo-maculatis ore obliquo sphacelate, sepalis bracteis paulo longioribus 
viridibus convolutis, corollae subcampanulataB petalis late obovato-oblongis 
emarginatis pallide aureis basi 2-squamosis, staminibus inclusis superne 
dilatatis, antheris adnatis linearibus, stylo gracili, stigmate minuto. 

Veiesia ? fenestralis, Linden and Andre" in III. Hortic. 1875, p. 124, t. 215. 

V. fenestralis, Morren in Belgique Hortic. vol. xxxiv. (1884), p. 65, t. 4, 5. 

This very striking plant was introduced into cultivation 
as early as 1852, by Mr. Linden, when it at once attracted 
the attention of Horticulturists by its bold and peculiarly 
coloured foliage. It was figured and published by M. 
Andre in 1875, but without flower, as a doubtful Vriesia. 
Seeds were sent to the late Prof. Morren, of Liege, by 
M. Glaziou, Director of the Imperial Gardens of that city, 
in 1856, and from these was raised the flowering specimen 
which is figured by that lamented botanist in the "Belgique 
Horticole," together with its full description. From the 
latter we learn that the flowers expand successively after 
two or three days' interval ; they open after midday, and 
remain open till the following morning, when the petals 
wither. The flowers exude an acid secretion, tasting of 
vinegar, and which reddens litmus paper. This is also 
the case with V. hituminosa, Wawra. Our specimen was 
purchased at the sale of Prof. Morren' s plants, and 
flowered in June of the present year. 

Descr. A very robust densely tufted plant, with a 
short stout stem, and numerous recurved leaves. Leaves 

OCT. 18T, 1886. 

one to two feet long, and two to three inches broad, linear, 
abruptly acuminate, with a brown rigid tip, concave, pale 
green with innumerable parallel dark green veins and cross 
veins. Scape a foot high, strict, erect, clothed with dark 
green acute convolute bracts. Spike a foot and a half 
high, strict, stout. Flowers sessile, distichous, horizontal, 
two to two and a half inches long; bracts dark green 
spotted with brown, tubular, rather gibbous at the base ; 
mouth oblique, margins brown membranous. Sepals 
half as long as the bract or less, dark green, convolute. 
Corolla narrowly campanulate; petals broadly obovate- 
oblong, convolute, emarginate, exserted from one-third to 
one-half their length, pale golden -yellow ; scales two, 
basal, ovate, acuminate. Stamens included, filaments 
dilated upwards; anthers linear. Ovary elongate-ovoid; 
style very slender, stigma minute, three-lobed. — J. D. S. 

Fig. 1, Plant reduced ; 2, leaf, and 3, spike of the natural size ; 4, petal and 
stamen ; 5 and 6, stamens ; 7, pistil : — all enlarged. 



TfincedtBrodss Day t Sonfep 

X EeevB & C° Lcnck 

Tab. 6899. 
BEGONIA Johnstoni. 

Native of Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace.^. 
Genus Begonia, Linn.; (Benth. et Sooh.f. Gun. PL vol. i. p. 842.) 

Begonia (Diploclinium) Johnstoni; monoica, caulescens, caule erecto robusto, 
ramis pedunculis petiolisque elongatis crassis, foliis longe petiolatis mem- 
branaceis valde oblique ovatis profunde unilateraliter cordatis, lobis rotundatis 
imbricatis, margine irregulariter crenato, subtus sparse pilosis, subtus apicem 
versus_ petioli annulo setarum instructo, stipulis magnis late ovatis obtusis, 
bracteis ovato-rotundatis obtusis v. subacutis, cymis 4-floris, floribus roseis 
cernuis, fl. masc. 4, fl. fem. 5-6, sepalis late obovatis oblongisve pallide roseis, 
staminibus perplurimis, filamentis liberis, stylis 3 brevibus basi connatis ramis 
subflabellatis fascia papillosa subspiraliter torta coutinua, capsula trialata 
ala una majore porrecta obtusa, placentis 2rpartitis. 

B. Johnstoni, Oliv. in Trans. Linn. Soc. ined. 

The subject of this plate is alluded to by Prof. Oliver 
under his description of B. Johnstoni cited above, which 
was prepared from a very indifferent specimen of a plant 
gathered by Mr. Johnston on his expedition to Kilimanjaro, 
at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet on that mountain. 
Whether the two are quite the same specifically cannot be 
positively ascertained till better specimens of the Kili- 
manjaro plant are obtained ; meanwhile they agree in too 
many important points to induce me to pronounce them 
distinct. The chief differences are, that B. Johnstoni has 
a blood-red stem, its young leaves are irregularly toothed 
rather than crenate, the bracts are more acute, the scattered 
hairs on the under surface of the leaf are confined to the 
nerves, and the wing of the fruit is shorter and broader. 
Add to this that the two come from very far apart localities, 
the seeds of that here figured having been sent by the late 
Bishop Hannington from the Masai country, a district far 
to the north-west of Kilimanjaro (probably from the Usigara 

B. Johnstoni belongs to the Asiatic section of the genus 
Diploclinium, and differs from most of the African Begonias 

OCT. 1st, 1886. 

in the bipartite placentas. For the seeds the Eoyal 
Gardens are indebted to Mr. Mitten, A.L.S., of Hurst- 
pierpoint, who received them from Bishop Hannington in 
1884; the plants raised from them flowered at Kew in 
April, 1886. 

Descr. A tall, succulent, robust, branched species, 
twelve to eighteen inches high; stem, branches, petioles, 
peduncle and pedicels pale watery green with scarlet striae. 
Leaves long-petioled, four to six inches long, obliquely 
ovate, acute, coarsely crenate, deeply two-lobed at the 
lateral base where the rounded lobes overlap, dark green 
above, paler beneath with soft scattered hairs; nerves 
radiating from the top of the petiole ; petiole as long as the 
blade, clothed at the top with soft white reversed bristles, 
which also form a ring round its insertion. Cymes long- 
peduncled, four- to six-flowered ; flowers pale rose-coloured, 
pedicelled, drooping, one or two females in each cyme. 
Male el. one and a half to two inches in diameter. Sepals 
four, outer broadly oblong, inner larger, more obovate. 
Stamens very numerous, filaments free ; anthers subglobose. 
Female fl. smaller. Sepals five, outer obovate-oblong. 
Ovary three-celled, placentas bipartite; stigmas three, 
short, united at the base ; arms twisted with a continuous 
papillose band. Capsule three-winged, one wing protruded, 
upcurved obliquely, triangular-ovate, obtuse. — J. D. 3. 

Fig. 1, Top of petiole and base of leaf; 2, stamens ; 3, transverse section of 
immature capsule ; 4, stigmas :— all hut fig. 1 enlarged. 





I Reeve <5c CrLondoii- 

Tab. 6900. 
LEONTICE Alberti. 

Native of Western Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Bebbebide^:. — Tribe Bebbebeje. 
Genus Leontice, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 43.) 

Leontice Alberti ; tubere depresso-globoso, caulibus robastis, foliis subradiealibus 
2 longe petiolatis digitatim 5-foliolatis, foliolis per anthesin involutis, demum 
late elliptico-oblongis apice rotundatis, stipulis amplis viridibus venosis, 
pedunculo florifero robusto, racemo basi foliis oppositis instructo conico multi- 
floro, bracteis latis orbicularis flabelliformibusve, floribus amplis ochroleucis, 
sepalis oblongis, petalis parvis cuneato oblongis truncatis concavis, ovario ovoideo 

L. Alberti, Hegel, Gartenflora, 1881, p. 293, t. 1057, f. 2. 

This is one of the many interesting discoveries of Dr. de 
Kegel's distinguished son, made during his extensive 
wanderings in Central Asia. Its exact habitat is on the 
Western Alatau Mountains, between Tashkend and Samar- 
cand. It is allied to the L. altaica of the Siberian Altai, 
and indeed represents a gigantic form of that species. 

The specimen here figured was communicated by Mr. 
Elwes from his garden at Preston, Cirencester, with whom 
it flowered in April of the present year. From a comparison 
with the plate given by Dr. Regel in the " Gartenflora," it 
will be seen that when the latter was made the plant had 
not attained its full development. 

Desce. Tuber two inches broad, oblately spherical, much 
depressed at the top. Stems several from the top of the 
tuber, very stout, each usually giving off two subradical 
long-petioled undeveloped (at the flowering time) leaves, 
and a very stout flowering stem ; and it is only long after 
the flowering of the latter that the two aforesaid leaves 
attain their full development. Fully-formed leaves on 
petioles four to five inches long, subdigitately five-partite 
into as many pale green glaucous rather fleshy sessile 
elliptic-obtuse leaflets ; nerves obscure above, parallel and 
more prominent beneath; stipules three-quarters of an 
oct. 1st, 1886. 

inch long, broadly oblong, green with deeper green veins. 
Flowering-stem six to eight inches high, very robust, naked 
below, bearing below the conical raceme one or two pairs 
of opposite leaves with the leaflets convolute during 
flowering, and with large broad stipules often tipped with 
red-brown at the base of the petiole; bracts like the 
stipules, but darker-coloured, shorter and broader. Flowers 
nearly one inch in diameter, ochreous yellow, streaked with 
red-brown at the back. Sepals spreading, oblong, obtuse. 
Petals small, erect, cuneately oblong, with a crenate 
truncate apex, rather shorter than the stamens, concave in 
front and tubular at the base. Stamens short, anthers 
oblong. Ovary stipitate, ovoid, narrowed into the stout 
curved style. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bud with bract ; 2, flower with sepals removed ; 3, petal ; 4 and 5, 
stamens ; 6, stamen with anther valves spreading ; 7, ovary and top of pedicel ; 8, 
top of pedicel and ovules : — all enlarged. 


TfooentBroota Dav& San ™l 

Reeve 6cC°Ionion 

Tab. 6901. 

Native of Cyprus. 

Nat. Ord. LuiACEiE. — Tribe Colchice^:. 
Genus Colchicum, Linn. ; {Benth. et BZooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 821.) 

Colchicum (Arenarii) Troodii ; cormo mediocri, tunicis castaneis apice produetis, 
foliis 3-6 hysteranthiis vernalibus recurvis loratis 6-12 poll, longis §-1 poll, 
latis apice obtuse angustatis, floribus perplurimis autumnalibus niveis, peri- 
antbii tubo 2-3-pollicari, limbi lobis pollicaribus linearibus acutis, staminibus 
perianthii lobis dimidio brevioribus, antheris linearibus luteis, stylis tubo 
sequilongis, stigmatibus oblique truncatis, capsula ovoideo-oblonga acuta £ poll, 
longa pedicellata, carpellis longe rostratis. 

C. Troodi, Kotschy in Unger and Kotschy Cyprus, p. 190 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 
vol. v. p. 161 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 430. 

A native of the Island of Cyprus, where it was discovered 
by that indefatigable Oriental traveller and collector, Dr. 
Kotschy, on the mountains of Prodromum and Troodos. 
It has not been found elsewhere, though it may occur in 
Asia Minor, as Boissier mentions having a plant with 
similar leaves collected by Bourgeau on Mount Elami in 
Lydia. As a species it comes very near to the G. neapoli- 
tanum, differing, according to Baker, in its more robust 
habit, more numerous flowers, and broader leaves, to 
which Boissier adds the rounded tips of the latter. The 
flowers are described by Kotschy as purplish lilac, and by 
Boissier as pale rose-coloured with the perianth-segments 
lanceolate and acute, none of which characters are shown 
in the plant here figured, the flower of which is of a lovely 
white, with linear oblong rather obtuse perianth-lobes. 

The specimen here figured was flowered by Mr. Elwes 
in his garden near Cirencester in November, 1885, and its 
leaves arrived at maturity in the following April. 

Desce. Corm one and a half to two inches in diameter; 
coats a rich chestnut-brown, produced upwards round the 
base of the white membranous spathe that is tinged with 
pink. Leaves three to six, appearing in spring long after 
the flowers, six to twelve inches long, by two-thirds to one 

oct. 1st, 1886. 

inch broad, strap-shaped, abruptly rounded at the rather 
narrowed tip, dark green above, paler beneath. Flowers 
very numerous, as many as twelve, appearing in late 
autumn. Perianth pure white ; tube two to three inches 
long, slender ; throat funnel-shaped, glabrous ; lobes 
nearly an inch long, linear-oblong or almost strap-shaped, 
obtuse or subacute. Stamens less than half the length of 
the perianth-lobes, erect, filaments slender ; anthers linear, 
yellow. Style about as long as the perianth-tube, slender, 
stigma obliquely truncate. Capsule pedicelled, ovoid- 
oblong, acute, three-quarters of an inch long ; carpels with 
long beaks. — J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Stamens ; 3, top of a style : — both enlarged. 




LEeeve & C° Leaden. 

Tab. 6902. 

iris eulefeldi. 

Native of Eastern Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Moeej:. 
Genus Iris, Linn.; (Bent A. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 680.) 

Ikis Eulefeldi; rhizoraate compacto, foliis 5-6 confertis glauco-viridibus, seapo 
pedali 2-floro medio 1-foliato, floribus inodoris, spathaj valvis 2-3-pollicaribus 
subnavicularibiis acutis viridibus demum divergentibus mem bran aceis et 
pallidis, pedicellis bracteis multo brevioribus, periantbii tubo crasso ovario 
duplo longiore, segmentis exterioribus anguste cuneato-obovatis obtusis, 
ungue brunneo Hneato, limbo pendulo lilacino basin versus nervis brunneo- 
purpureis lineato, barba densa alba apicibus aureis, segmentis interioribus 
erectis oblanceolatis ungue elongato aureo brunneo striato et punctato, lamina 
purpureo-brunnea striata, stigmatibus oblongis patulis coeruleis segmentis 
interioribus periantbii paullo brevioribus, lobis dimidiato-oblongis serratis, 
antheris linearibus. 

I. Eulefeldi, Reqel in Art. Ilort. Petrop. vol. v. p. 633 ; Gartenflura, vol. xxvii. 

(1878), p. 324, t. 954 
I. glaueescens, Bunge, var. 13. Eulefeldi, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Petersh. vol. xxv. ; 

Begel Descript. PL Nov.fasc. vii. p. 212. 

Prof. Michael Foster, F.R.S., to whom I am indebted 
for the following description and remarks, informs me that 
I. Eulefeldi is a shy flowerer, but that the foliage remains 
green all summer, not dying down in July and shooting 
again in August like the Oncocycli and many other Central 
Asian Irises. It dies down late in autumn, and does not 
shoot again till March or April. The colour of the flower 
is of extraordinary beauty and delicacy, very difficult to 
describe. As yet, Prof. Foster adds, I know no Iris like 
it, being unlike the Oncocycli, or any of our European 
dwarf species of the genus. It makes a distant approach 
to L Blondoivi, but without capsule and seeds its amount 
of affinity cannot be determined. Its distinctive features 
are its rhizome, foliage, spathe-valve, colour of flower, and 
especially the form of the narrow long cuneate segments 
of the perianth. Maximovicz makes it a variety of I. 
scariosa, Pallas (I. glaueescens, Bunge), but according to 

oct. 1st, 1886. 

Ledebour's description of that plant, I. Eulefeldi would 
appear to be abundantly distinct. 

The treatment of I. Eulefeldi is that of I. iberica, namely, 
keeping it dry, and under glass in summer. It flowered in 
the Botanical Gardens of Cambridge in May, and in Kew 
at about the same time, and is a native of mountains near 
Suidun at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet. 

Descr. Rhizome compact, as in ordinary Pogoniris, the 
new bud remaining attached to the old part of the rhizome 
by a broad base about an inch in diameter, not by a 
narrow prolonged base as in I. Korolcovi, Leichtlinii and 
others of the Oncocycla group. Leaves five to six in 
a cluster, one foot or more long, and one inch or more 
broad, more or less falcate, acute, of so remarkably glaucous 
a grey green colour that the species may thereby be 
recognized from all others at present in cultivation. Scape 
about one foot high, with a bract or sheathing leaf about 
half-way up, bearing at the summit two flowers with 
spathe-valves. Spathe-vahes two by five-eighths of an 
inch, pointed, subnavicular, veins obscure, pale green at 
first, finally colourless and diverging, exposing the ovary. 
Tube of perianth thick, about twice as long as the ovary, 
red-purple. Outer segments cuneate-obovate, obtuse, very 
recurved ; veins brown, or purplish on the claw, purple on 
the limb ; beard long, exceeding the claw, hairs white, tips 
blue-purple, papillose. Inner segments erect, connivent, 
narrowly cuneate-spathulate, veins thickish and red- 
brown on the yellow claw, redder on the blade with blue- 
purple prolongations of a peculiar hue towards the margin. 
Anthers narrow; pollen scanty, blue, fine-grained. Style 
tall, blue-purple. — M. Foster. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Anthers ; 3, top of style and stigniatic surfaces : — loth enlarged. 



YmcejTt Brooks Day LSon lith 

Tab. 6908. 


Native ofih ." ml. 

NT«t. Ord, Q <->:. — Tn!>.' Cnui drkje. 

Oanu BrsinocABPoi, ZmmULj (Z?™m. h ffbo*./ <i<n. Pi. to!, ii. P . l 

BTttPTOCAlPtTI T>nnn!i; mollit<>r«;landul<><o-pii: I wmitmma, fcBo ■ 

('2-3-ped,ili) st-ssili OTtttKoblonga oKtaao nargiM imgnUriter I 
orenato reticnlatim vmxmo inter renaa bi II 

■eapu MipIarioiM eon:. tim erolati abu multi ' 

Mcnndiflonui gereotibas, Boribaa l|.pollMuribtu pdlid* Utaritto-roMia brti 
pedioeUatii inclinatia oernatsre, eujeia ■mnentit li* 

ciirv.i tubuloso-infumlibulari puberula, Iobis brevibim rotun.lati* cilioUtii 
oaprola poUkari komcntbaB. 

Strettocajivvs, n. sp., Masters in Gard. Chron. vol. xxt. (1886), f, 

This magnificent plant, which is quite the monarch of its 
beautiful genus, belongs to the unifoliate section, along 
with S. polyaniha, Hook. (Tab. 4850), 8. Son, hi /•.>•//. Hook. 
(Tab. 5251), and several other South African species, in 
all of which (and as far as is known in all the genua) the 
only or principal leaf is the growth of one of the ootyled 
of the minute embryo. This curious fact was made known 
almost simultaneously by two independent obeerrera ; first 
in 1859 by Dr. Oaspary, as mentioned in the " Botanie 
Zeitung" for that year (p. 210), and then in 1860 by the 
late Mr. Crocker, when foreman of the propagating | 
at Kew, in the case of S. polyanthus, who published an 
account of it in the Journal of the Linnacan Society (toL v., 
p. 65, t. 4, f. 1 — 8). The development of 
has also been taken up in Germany, and is treated of in 
an elaborate paper by Hielscher, in (John's "Beitr 
(vol. hi., p. 1, t. 1—3). 

Amongst the one-leaved Streptocarpi the near* it ally of 
8. Dunnii is .S'. Saundt rsii, which, like it, has small neai 
orbicular anthers, and glabrous filaments; 8. polyanti . 
on the other hand, differs widely in the almost hvpo- 
crateriform corolla with long obovate lobes, and especia 
in the large oblong anthers, which, as well as the filame:; 

not. 1st, 1886. 

are hairy. Possibly this great difference in the anthers 
may bo sufficient to establish sectional characters in the 
genus of more importance than the foliage. 

S. Bunnii is a native of Spitzkop, in the mountains of 
the Transvaal goldfields, at elevations of 3600 to 6000 ft., 
whence seeds were sent to Kew by Mr. E. Gr. Dunn, of 
Oaklands, Claremont, Cape Town, in 1884. From these a 
profusion of plants have been raised at Kew, which in 
1886 formed a conspicuous ornamental border in the 
Succulent House, flowering in May and June, and fruiting 
in August. The leaves have attained the extraordinary 
dimensions of over three feet long, by sixteen inches broad, 
and are still growing. 

Descr. Base of the very short stem as thick as the 
thumb, villous, as are the young scapes, inflorescence, and 
midrib beneath, with soft subglandular hairs that turn 
rufous when dry. Leaf solitary, eighteen to thirty-six 
inches long, sessile, horizontal and decurved, broadly 
oblong, obtuse, base rounded, contracted or subcordate, 
margin lobulate and coarsely irregularly crenate, upper 
surface reticulate and bullate between the nerves, finely 
pubescent, under surface tomentose, except the very broad 
villous costa. Scapes numerous (six to eight or more), 
uniseriate from the very base of the leaf, stout, erect, a 
foot high, bearing much-branched panicles of unilateral 
glandular-pubescent or tomentose racemes. Flowers one 
and a half inch long or more, at length drooping ; pedicels 
short. Sepals one-third of an inch long, linear-oblong. 
Corolla curved, between tubular and funnel-shaped, 
variable in brightness of tint, pale or bright rose-coloured 
with a bright red tinge, puberulous externally; lobes 
rounded, subciliate, two upper smallest. Stamens small, 
included, quite glabrous; filaments rather slender, in- 
curved, contracted near the base; anthers orbicular; 
rudimentary stamens very minute. Capsule one inch long, 
tomentose ; style pubescent. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of whole plant ; 2, plant of the natural size ; 3, calyx and 
style; 4, corolla laid open; 5 and 6, anthers; 7, ovary, disk and pedicel ; 8, fruit 
— all enlarged. 




<? r t 

N u 



1 Reeve &. CPIondoTi. 

Tab. 6904. 
kabatas acanthocrater. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeliace.e. — Tribe BuoMELiEiE. 
Genus Kabatas, Adans. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI, vol. iii. p. 6G0.) 

Kabatas (Nidularium) acanthocrater ; acaulis, foliis 20-30 loratis obtuais cuspi- 
datis patulis rigidulis facie viridibus sa:pe maculatis dorso tenuiter lepidotis 
margine atrobrunneis spinis ciebris validis ascendentibus armatis, foliis inte- 
rioribus brevioribus pulcbre purpureo suffusis, fioribus pluribus in oapitulum 
globosum centralem a^sjregatis, bracteis lanceolatis viridibus, ovario cylindrico, 
calycis segmentis oblongo-lanceolatis cuspidatis, corollae tubo cylindrico 
segmentis ovatis cuspidatis falcatis violaceis, staminibus ad corolla) faucem 
uniseriatis filamentis brevibus antberis oblongis, stylo elongato, stigmatibus 
spiraliter convolutis. 

Nidularium acanthocrater, Morren in Belg. Hort. vol. xxxiv. (1884), p. 140, 
tab. 9. 

This new species is one of the finest of the curious 
Bromeliaceae with a nest-like habit of growth. In general 
appearance it closely resembles the three best-known 
garden species, N. fulgens, N. Meyendorfii, and N. Inno- 
centii, but the colouring of the inner leaves, instead of 
being red, is purple. There are two varieties, one 
(P lu ton is) in which the purple shades off in the direction 
of red, and the other (Proserpina) in which it has a bluish 
tinge. The plant is a native of the forests of South Brazil, 
and was first sent to Europe by the indefatigable Dr. 
Glaziou in 1877. It flowered for the first time in the 
Botanic Garden of Liege in 1881, and a stock was raised 
and distributed in commerce by M. Jacob-Makoy and Co. 
shortly after. Our drawing was made from a plant that 
flowered at Kew in May, 1886. Nidularium is a name 
which is universally used as generic in gardens, but it was 
reduced to a section of Karatas by Mr. Bentham. 

Desor. Acaulescent. Reaves twenty or thirty, arranged 
in a dense rosette, spreading, lorate, cuspidate, the outer a 
foot long, two and a half or three inches broad at the 
middle, three or four inches at the dilated base, firm in 
texture, green and often spotted with brown-black on the 

Nov. 1st, 1886. 

fnce, slightly lepidote on the back, margined with a brown- 
black line, and furnished with copious large ascending 
prickles of the same colour. Inner leaves reduced in size, 
and flushed with purple towards the base; innermost 
small and altogether purple. Capitulum dense, many- 
liowered, sessile in the centre of the rosette of leaves; 
bracts lanceolate, green. Ovary cylindrical; segments of 
the calyx-limb oblong-lanceolate, cuspidate. Corolla a 
little longer than the calyx-limb; tube cylindrical; seg- 
ments falcate, ovate cuspidate, bright lilac. Stamens 
arranged in a single row at the throat of the corolla-tube; 
filaments very short; anthers oblong. Style elongated; 
stigmas spirally twisted. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, The whole plant, much reduced; 2, a portion of a plant, life-size; 3, a 
single flower, complete, with its subtending bract ; 4, portion of corolla, cut open, 
showing three stamens ; 5, summit of style, with stigmas : — all enlarged. 






Vmcei£Brooks,D ay iSonith.. 

LEeeve C° London. 

Tab. 6905. 
ACHILLEA rtjpistris. 

Native of Southern Italy. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Anthemide.e. 
Genus Achillea, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 419.) 

Achillea (Montana) riipestris ; humile, laxe ercspitosum, stoloniferum, rhizo- 
mate lignoso, caulibus erectis v. ascendentibus gland uloso-puberul is, f'oliis 
radicalibus rosulatis lineari-spatbulatis obtusis subacutisve integerrimis griseo- 
viridibus, caulinis sparsis consimilibus interdum basin versus uno latere 
dentatis capitulis corymbosis |-f-poll. latis, involucro late ovoideo, bracteis 
paucis dorso glandulosis marginibus scariosis fiinbriatis, paleis lanceolatis, 
floribus radii paucis, tubo brevi glanduloso, ligulis rotundatis imbricatis albis 
3-crenatis, disci paucis, acheniis rufo-brunneis. 

A. rupestris, Huter in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1879, p. 281 ; Heimerl Monog. 
Ptarmic. (1884), p. 38. 

The Southern Apennines of Calabria have only recently 
been examined closely by botanists, and have yielded a 
considerable number of new or very interesting plants, 
including some that had previously been supposed to be 
confined to the mountains of Greece. Achillea rupestris is 
one of these novelties, and a very scarce one, having been 
collected in one spot only, namely, at Polinello, on the 
precipitous calcareous rocks of the Pollino Mountains, at 
an elevation of between 5000 and 6000 feet, where it was 
discovered by Signors Huter, Porta, and Rigo, in 1877. It 
is quite hardy in England, and is a very attractive plant 
for the rock-garden, where it flowered for the first time 
at Kew in May of the present year. 

The Achilleas of the Ptarmica section have been made 
the subject of an elaborate monograph by Anton Heimerl, 
published by the Royal Academy of [Sciences of Vienna, in 
which twenty-one species are described, together with 
eighteen hybrids. It is a remarkable fact that though the 
section Ptarmica extends all round the globe in north 
temperate latitudes, no species is found in the Himalaya 
or in Tibet. 

kov. 1st, 1886. 

Desce. Bootstock much branched, tufted, with many 
short leafy stolons. Leaves on the shoots rosulate, a 
quarter to half an inch long, linear-spathulate, obtuse 
or subacute, closely pubescent, greyish green, quite entire ; 
cauline scattered, similar, spreading, the upper sometimes 
toothed towards the base on one side. Corymbs one to 
one and a half inches in diameter ; heads pedicelled, one- 
half to three-quarters of an inch broacl. Involucre short, 
of few, oblong, grey, slightly pubescent bracts, with scarious 
fimbriate margins. Palem of the receptable scarious, 
lanceolate. Hay -flowers few, with very short glandular 
tubes, and large rounded imbricating obtusely 'three- 
toothed or -lobed snow-white rays. Disk-flowers few. 
Achenes red-brown. — J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Bracts of the involucre ; 3, raj -flower ; 4, disk-flower ; 5, stamens : 
6, style of disk-flowers : — all enlarged. 

. ,Day&Sonfcip- 

LRaeve II C° Icmdon. 

Tar. 690fi. 

Native of Peru. 

Nat. Orel. Bromeliace^. — Tribe Tillandsie^:. 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 609.) 

Tillandsia (Vriesea) chrysostachys ; acaulis, foliis 20-30 dense rosulatis lanceo- 
latis falcatis viridibus baud lepidotis dorso deorsum brunneo tinctis, pedunculo 
elongato foliis pluribus reductis rigidulis imbricatis tecto, spicis distichis 
elongatis simplicibus vel furcatis, bracteis ovatis navicularibus imbricatis 
citrinis, floribus bracteis asquilongis, sepalis liberis lanceolatis, petalis ligulatis 
obtusis luteis basi appendiculatis, staminibus petalis brevioribus, stylo elon^ato, 
stigmatibus brevibus patulis. 

Vriesea cbrysostacbys, E. Morren in Belg, Sort. vol. xxxi. (1881), p. 87. 

This beautiful new species of Vriesea was introduced 
into cultivation by Messrs. Veitcli in the year 1881. They 
received it from their collector, Mr. Davis, who discovered 
it in the forests of the Peruvian Andes. It was described 
at the time by the ]ate lamented Professor Edward Morren, 
but has never been figured. The striking point about it 
is the long yellow spike, in allusion to which the specific 
name was given, and which remains in good condition for a 
long time, as the coloration resides mainly in the coriaceous 
bracts. Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered 
at Kew in May, 1886. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Jjeaves about thirty, arranged in 
a dense rosette, lanceolate, thin in texture for the Order, 
entire, a foot or a foot and a half long, two or two and a 
half inches broad at the middle, bright green on the face, 
without any bands or spots, paler green on the back, 
tinged towards the base with claret-brown. Peduncle stiffly 
erect, about a foot long, hidden by the sheathing im- 
bricated ovate adpressed bract-leaves. Spikes one or 
two, distichous, half a foot or a foot long ; bracts ovate, 
navicular, an inch long, imbricated, bright lemon-yellow. 
Flowers not protruded beyond the bracts. Sepals free, 

Nov. 1st, 1880. 

lanceolate, half an inch long. Petals ligulate, obtuse, 
bright yellow, an inch long, each appendiculate with a 
quadrate membranous scale above the base. Stamens 
shorter than the petals. Pistil nearly as long as the 
corolla; style slender, elongated; stigmas short, spread- 
ing. — J". G. Balcer: 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, much reduced; 2, leaf; 3, spike, both life-size; 4, a 
complete flower; 5, a petal and three stamens; 6, a single anther; 7, complete 
pistil ; 8, stigmas : — all more or lens enlarged. 




iTF 5 ^ 

Tab. 6907. 

BRODLEA Douglasr. 

Native of California, 8,-c. 

Nat. Ord. Limace^e. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Bbodi^a, Smith; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 880.) 

Brodicea Douglasii; bulbo parvo globoso tunicis exterioribus fibrosis sursum 
reticulars, foliis 2 linearibus ikccidis viridibus earinatis scapo brevioribus, 
scapo gracili tereti, umbellis multifloris, spatliDB valvis 2-3 parvi'3 membranaceis 
brwineis lanceolatis, pedicellis cernuis flore brevioribus, periantbio infundi- 
bular! hyacintbino, segmentis oblongis acutis tubo tequilongis, staminibus 
biseriatis prope tubi faucem insertis antberis oblongis, 3 exterioribus subses- 
silibus 3 exterioribus filamentis brevibus praditis, pistillo tubo aequilongo, 
ovario distincte stipitato. 

Brodisea Douglasii, S. Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xiv. p. 237; Bot. Calif. 
vol. ii. p. 154. 

Triteleia grandiflora, Lindl. in Bot. Peg. sub tab. 1293 ; Hook. Fl. Bor. Amer. 
vol. ii. p. 186, tab. 198 B. 

Milla grandiflora, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 380. 

This is one of the finest representatives of the large 
Western American genus Brodicea. In my monograph in 
the Journal of the Linnaaan Society, just cited, I classified 
under Brodicea only those species in which three out of 
the six stamens are suppressed, but Mr. Bentham, following 
Dr. Sereno Watson, has added to these a large number of 
closely-related hexamerous species, and as thus understood 
the genus now includes between thirty and forty species. 
Hooker a of Salisbury has a slight priority over Brodicea 
of Smith. The present plant has a wide distribution 
through California, Oregon, Washington territory, and 
British Columbia. It was introduced into cultivation long 
ago by Douglas, but was soon lost. We had it from Mr. 
Elwes in 1876. Our drawing was made from a plant that 
flowered at Kew in May, 1886, the bulb of which came 
from our enterprising correspondent, Mr. C. G. Pringle, 
who, after a residence of many years in Vermont, is now 
busily engaged in exploring the botany of Arizona and the 
north of Mexico. 

nov. 1st, 1886. 

Dbscr. Bulb small, globose ; outer tunics of fine fibres, 
netted in the upper part. Leaves generally two to a bulb, 
linear, bright green, flaccid, deeply channelled down the 
face, shorter than the scape. Scape slender, terete, a foot 
or a foot and a half long. Flowers ten or twenty, 
hyacinth-blue, inodorous, arranged in a dense umbel; 
spathe-valves two or three, small, brown, lanceolate; 
pedicels cernuous, shorter than the flowers. Perianth 
infundibuliform, an inch, long ; segments oblong, acute, as 
long as the tube ; three inner rather crisped. Stamens 
biseriate, inserted near the throat of the perianth-tube; 
three outer subsessile; three inner with short filaments ; 
anthers small, oblong. Pistil about as long as the perianth- 
tube; ovary distinctly stalked. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Bulb, life-size; 2, a flower, cut open; 3, anther, front view; 4, anther, 
back view ; 5, pistil : — all enlarged. 




Tab. 6908. 
ALPINIA mutica. 

Native of the Malay Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^. — Tribe Zinzibeiie^. 
Genus Alpinia, Linn. (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. (U8.) 

Alpinia mutica; elata, robusta, foliis breviter petiolatis vaginisque glaberriuiis 
oblanceolatisve acuminatis basi acutis lineari-lanceolatis, thyrsis robustis 
breviter crasse pedunculatis sericeo-tonientosis erectis multirloris, pedicellis 
brevibus crassis ovariisque subglobosis tomentosis, calyce f poll. lougo cylin- 
draceo oblique truncato albo basi apiceque sanguineo, corolbe alba? tubo calyce 
incluso, segmento postico cucullato obtuso, lateralibus lineari-oblongis, arami- 
nodiis lateralibus brevibus, labello amplo late ovato aurantiaco sanguineo- 
nervoso, filamento crasso, antherse lineari-oblongte conuectivo crassissimo 
pubescente apice obtuse 3-dentato, stigmate cupulari piloso. 

A. mutica, Roxb. Fl. Ind. Ed. Carey, vol. i. p. 65; Munand. Plants, t. 47; 
PL Ind. (Calcutta Edition) vol. i. p. 67 ; Horaninov. Prodr. Monogr. Scitam. 
p. 34. 

This noble Alpinia was introduced into cultivation sixty 
years ago, but lias long since passed into oblivion in so far 
as European gardens are concerned. It was sent by Dr. 
Roxburgh from the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, in about 
1825, to that of Liverpool, the latter at that time being 
extraordinarily rich in Scitamineous plants. This was 
owing to the enlightened patronage of the late Win. 
Roscoe, Esq., a wealthy merchant of that city, and the 
well-known author of the " Life of Lorenzo de Medici." 
The figure published by Roscoe is a very indifferent one, 
showing that the plant had not attained maturity ; that here 
given better agrees with Roxburgh's description. Accord- 
ing to the latter author, A. mutica is a native of the forests 
of Prince of Wales Island (Penang), whence it was brought 
to Calcutta by Dr. Roxburgh himself. The plant from 
which the accompanying drawing was made was presented 
to Kew by Mr. Bull, and came from Borneo; it flowered 
in the Palm-house in November, 1882, and again in April, 
1886. Roxburgh describes the stems as usually biennial, 
perishing after the ripening of the seed. 

WW. 1st, JH8G. 

Descr. Stems many, tufted, erect, four to six feet high. 
Leaves bifarious, a foot long by two to three inches broad 
exclusive of the sheath, quite glabrous, linear-lanceolate, 
finely acuminate, base acute, bright green above, paler 
beneath, midrib pale ; petiole very short; sheath three to 
five inches long, striated ; ligule short, obtuse. Panicle or 
contracted raceme (thyrse) erect, a foot high by five inches 
in diameter, densely silkily tomentose; rachis very stout, 
peduncles and pedicels very short and stout ; bracts oblong, 
caducous. Flowers two and a half inches long, drooping. 
Calyx-tube cylindric, slightly curved, obliquely truncate and 
obscurely lobed, white ; before opening it is oblong, with 
vivid scarlet base and tip. Petals white ; dorsal large, 
cucullate, obtuse; lateral linear-oblong, obtuse, concave. 
Lip broadly orbicular-ovate, margin and tips recurved and 
waved, bright orange-coloured with undefined radiating 
scarlet streaks. Staminodes short, lobed. Filament stout, 
white ; anther pubescent, cells very narrow ; connective 
very thick, tip truncate, obtusely lobed. Ovary globose, 
villous, green. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower, with the perianth removed ; 2, anther ; 3, ovary and staminodes ; 
4, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks 

LHeeve & C c Landan 

Tab. 6909. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Old. Akistolochiace-s:. 
Genus Aeistolochia, Linn. ; (Benth. et BZooh.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 123.) 

Aeistolochia (Gymnolobus) elegans; suffruticosa, scandens, glaberrima, ramis 
gracillimis, foliis longe petiolatia membranaceis reniforrni-cordatis obtusis 
5-7-nerviis, subtus glaucescentibus, stipulis falcato-oblongis -orbiculatisve, 
floribus solitariis longe pedicellatis pendulis, perianthii tubo oblongo inflato 
abrupte in limbum refractuui desinente limbo breviter infundibulari dein 
expanso concavo ambitu suborbiculato bine cordato extus albo purpureo 
venoso, intus purpureo albo reticulata circa orem parvum velutino, fauce luteo- 
viridi, styli lobis 6 brevibus erectis obtusis, antberis 6 loculis angustis. 

A. elegans, Masters in Gard. Ghron. N. S. xxiv. (1855), p. 301, f. 64. 

This, as Dr. Masters observes, is nearly allied to A. 
Ruiziana, Duehartre (A. Duchartrei, Andre, Tab. nostr. 
5880), which, however, differs notably in the racemose 
inflorescence, and in the much longer tube of the limb of 
the corolla. A. elegans is much the most graceful plant 
of the two, and indeed well deserves its name. It is a 
native of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, whence Herbarium 
specimens have been sent to Kew by the Superintendent 
of Public Parks and Plantations, the indefatigable Senr. 
Glaziou ; but our living specimen was received from Dr. 
Capanema, of Rio. Mr. Bull has also introduced it into 
cultivation, and the specimen figured in the " Gardener's 
Chronicle " is from his establishment. Our specimen 
flowered in a tropical house at Kew in August of the 
present year. There are in the Kew Herbarium specimens 
of apparently the same species from the Parana River in 
26°-27° S. latitude, communicated by D. Parodi in 1883. 
Possibly the species is only cultivated at Rio. 

Desoe. A very slender glabrous climber, with pendulous 
filiform flowering branches. Leaves long-petioled, two to 
three inches long and broad, membranous, broadly reni- 
formly cordate with large open sinus and rounded basal 
lobes, sides sometimes contracted, tip rounded or obtuse, 

i>ic. 1st, 1886. 

upper surface bright green, under glaucescent; nerves five 
to seven pair radiating from the tip of the petiole, slender, 
reticulating ; petiole one to two and a half inches long, very 
slender ; stipules falcately reniform or almost orbicular, 
with an oblique base. Flowers solitary, long-pedicelled, 
together with the pedicel two to three inches long ; ovary 
very slender. Perianth-tube (or sack) one and a half inches 
long, oblong, rather inflated, pale yellow-green ; limb 
suddenly expanding from a very short funnel-shaped base 
into a nearly circular shallow cup, cordate at the base and 
three inches in diameter ; externally white reticulated with 
undefined red purple veins ; internally the limb is deep rich 
purple brown ; it is velvety towards the centre, and whitish 
towards the circumference, where the pnrple is irrorated 
with white ; mouth yellow-green. Stylar column short, 
cylindric, but expanded upwards into six oblong obtuse 
teeth. Anthers six ; cells very narrow. — J. D. H. 

Pig. 1, Top of ovary and stylar column ; 2, column: — both magnified. 


"Viucer 1 

Tab. C910. 
GERANIUM tdbeeosum, var. Chaelestt. 

Native of Afghanistan. 

Nat. Ord. Geraniace^:. — Tribe Geranie.e. 
Genus Geranium, Linn.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 272.) 

Geranium tuberosum ; plus minus pubescens v. hirsutum, rbizomate tuberoso, 
caulibus erectis superne pluries et divaricatim 2-3-chotomis, foliis ambitit 
suborbiculatis 5-9-partitis, segmentis lanceolatis, radicalibus longe petiolatis, 
floralibus sessilibus, pedunculis 1-2-floris fructiferis erectis, sepalis hirtisovatis 
abrupte mucronatis, petalis obcordatis calyce duplo longioribus, valvulis birtis. 

G. tuberosum, Linn ; — Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. i. p. 873. 

Vae. Cbarlesii, Aitchison and LLemsley mss. ; rbizomatibus superpositis, foliorum 
segmentis intejjrioribus. 

This is one of the difficult cases that often present them- 
selves to a systematist, of determining whether a divergent 
form of a species obtained from the extreme limits of 
the geographical area of that species should be entitled to 
specific rank. The subject of the present plate is from 
Afghanistan ; and the type of Geranium to which it belongs 
(6r. tuberosum) extends from the Mediterranean region and 
North Africa to Persia, but had not hitherto been found 
anywhere to the eastward of that region ; and here we have 
from beyond its known limits a plant differing from tuberosum 
only in the less laterally lobed segments of the leaf, and its 
superposed rhizomes. In such a case as this the variability 
of the type must be taken into account ; and as Boissier, 
who knew G. tuberosum better th'an any one, says of it that 
it is very variable as to foliage, the conclusion adopted by 
Aitchison and Hemsley is no doubt the right one. A more 
remarkable character than the foliage is the superposed 
subterranean rhizomes, as shown in our plate and in all Dr. 
Aitchison' s specimens ; in the type plant they seem to be 
almost invariably solitary. 

Var. Gharlesii was raised from tubers sent to Kew by 
Dr. Aitchison when on the Affghan Boundary Commission, 

dec. 1st, 1886. 

and he desires that it should bear the name of Dr. Charles, 
the medical officer in charge of the Field Hospital of the 
Commission. It was found commonly in crevices of lime- 
stone rocks at an altitude of 3000 feet on the north and 
eastern sides of the Kambno Pass, Badghis, in May, 1885, 
and it flowered in Kew in the same month of the following 
year. Boissier describes the flowers of G. tuberosum as 
violet-coloured, which is hardly the case. 

Desce. A perennial, up to eighteen inches high, usually 
four to six. Stems of the larger forms weak and spreading, 
of the smaller stiff and erect. Rootstoch of numerous 
superposed tubers, the lowest usually the largest and as 
large as a cherry. Radical leaves none _; lowest cauline 
long petioled, upper shorter petioled, uppermost (floral) 
sessile, segments cut chiefly at the tip, more rarely at the 
sides. Floivers rose-coloured, varying in size one-half to 
one inch, the petals enlarging till they fall off (Aitchison 
and Hemsley mss.). — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with the petals removed (the spurs at the tips of the sepals 
omitted) ; 2, stamen ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 



""feiceni Broo 1 KsDay& Son faf 

L "Reeve St C° Lontk 

Tab 6911. 
CARPENTARIA californica. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifrageje. — Tribe Hydraxgeje. 
Genus Carpentaria, Torr.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 013.) 

Carpenterta californica; frutex subglabra, cortice albo, foliis oppositis snb- 
sessilibus oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis v. subacutis subtus appresse albo- 
tomentillis integerrimis v. remote obscure dentatis, basi acntis, floribus in 
axillis superioribus subcorjmbosis pedicellatis amplis albis, sepalis ovato- 
lanceolatis, petalis orbicularibus, staminibus perplurimis perigynis, ovario 5-C- 
loculari basi lata calyce immerso late ovoideo in stylum brevem attenuato, 
stigmatibus 5-6 reflexis, capsula septicide 5-6-loculari. 

C. californica, Torrey Plant. Fremont, vol. vi. p. 12, t. 7 ; Kelloq in Prop. 
Californ. Acad. vol. vii. p. 110 ; S. Wats. Pot. Calif, vol. i. p. 203 ; Revue 
Horticole, 1884, p. 365 ; Masters in Gard. Chron. N. S. vol. xxvi. (1880) 
p. 115, fig. 22. 

It is singular that the exact native country of so fine a 
shrub as Carpentaria should be doubtful. Torrey, the 
author of the genus, said of it in 1850, Sierra Nevada of 
California, probably on the head waters of the St. Joachin, 
a statement repeated by all subsequent authors, and even 
up to the latest by the " Gardener's Chronicle," published 
in the present year. The only native specimens in the Kew 
Herbarium are those collected by Fremont in one of his 
Calif ornian expeditions, but whether of 1843, 1845, or 
1848 is not stated. In all these expeditions Col. Fremont 
collected largely, but a large proportion of the results have 
been lost. Thus of his second expedition (1844), which 
embraced extensive regions of Oregon and California, a mule 
loaded with botanical specimens procured along a thousand 
miles of travel, fell from a precipice into a deep gorge and 
could not be recovered, and a large part of the remainder 
of his herbarium was destroyed by a flood in crossing the 
Kansas River. Again, Torrey tells us that in his third 
expedition, a very hazardous one, notwithstanding every 
precaution, some valuable packages were destroyed through 
the numerous and unavoidable mishaps of such an adven- 
turous journey. 

mx. 1st. 1886. 

Carpenteria is closely allied to Philadelphus, differing in 
the almost superior ovary, and solitary style. It was named 
after Professor Carpenter of Louisiana, an assiduous local 
botanist. It was introduced into Europe by our friend 
Max Leichtlin, of Baden Baden ; and for the specimen here 
figured I am indebted to Miss Jekyll, of Munstead, near 
Godalming, in whose rich gardens, at an elevation of 
400 ft. above the sea, it withstood the cold of last winter 
in the open air and unprotected, without a leaf being 
injured. In a cool greenhouse Miss Jekyll has a plant 
seven feet high which flowers in July. 

Dkscr. A shrub six feet high, with opposite branches 
and leaves, the former clothed with a white bark, the 
outer layers of which are removable. Leaves two to four 
inches long, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse or 
subacute, quite entire or minutely toothed, base acute, 
upper surface bright green, under clothed with appressed 
white tomentum. Flowers odorous, terminating axillary 
branches, together forming a loose panicle, two to three 
iucbes in diameter, pure white. Gahjx-tube very short ; 
segments ovate -lanceolate, acuminate. Petals orbicular, 
concave, notched, hardly clawed. Stamens perigynous, 
very numerous, shorter than the petals, filaments slender, 
suddenly dilated at the very base, anthers small. Ovary 
five- to seven-celled, broadly bottle-shaped, its base sunk 
in the calyx-tube, contracted into a short stout style 
with five to six reflexed linear stigmas grooved down the 
middle. Ovules very numerous, on bifid placentas 
projecting from the inner angles of the cells. Fruit 
membranous, epicarp separable, septicidally five-valved. 
Seeds minute, oblong, testa produced into an obtuse appen- 
dage. — /. D. II. 

Fig. I, Flower with the petals removed; 2, bundle of stamens ; 3, stamens; \, 
ovary ; o, transverse section of ditto : — all enlarged. 


"VincerttBro o^s Day &Son Imp 

Tab. 6912. , 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Cojipositeme. — Tribe Asteeoideje. 
Genus Astek, Linn; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 271.) 

Aster Stracheyi ; hurailis, hirsuto-pubescens, subacaulis, stolonifera, foliis radi- 
calibus rosulatis oblanceolato-spatbulatis integerrimis v. dentatis paueinerviis, 
stoloaibus elongatis prostratis apicibus adscendentibus sparsim foliatis, foliis 
parvis sessilibus obovato-spathulatis, scapis pedunculisve adscendentibus gracili- 
bus pauci-bracteatis rufo-brunneis monocephalis, capitulis parvis, involuori 
campanulati bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis fimbriato-ciliatis rufo-brunneis medio 
viridibus, ligulis numerosis 1-seriatis pallide cseruleo-lilacinis, floribus disci 
paucis, pappo sordide albo v. rufescente, acbeniis compressis oblanceolato- 
cuneatis sericeis. 

A. Stracbeyi, HooTc.fd. Flora of British India, vol. iii. p. 250. 

Heterocha^ta, No. 2, Slrachey and Winterbottom, Himal. Herb. 

The species of Aster and Erigeron are amongst the 
greatest ornaments of the grassy and rocky pastures of the 
loftiest Himalaya, where, however, they form groups of 
species most puzzling for the botanist to distinguish and 
describe; and indeed, with regard to some of them, it is 
difficult to decide to which of the above-named genera they 
should be referred. Fortunately A. Stracheyi is one of 
those that can least be confounded with any other ; its 
small size, copious stolons, slender one-flowered scapes, 
and small heads are easily recognized characters. It is 
apparently a very local species, and has hitherto been 
found only in the provinces of Garwhal and Kumaon (west 
of Nepal). Wallich first procured it, probably from Dr. 
Govan, the earliest botanical explorer of that region. 
Some thirty years afterwards, Madden, Strachey, and Winter- 
bottom all found it at the Pindari Glaucier, alt. 12,500 feet ; 
and still more lately it has been found on the BamsorPass, 
in Garwhal, at an elevation of 15,000 to 16,000 feet, by 
Mr. Duthie, Superintendent of the Saharunpore Botanical 

The specimen figured was received from the Saharunpore 

dec. 1st, 1886. 

Botanical Gardens in 1885, and flowered in May of the 
present year. 

Descr. Whole plant more or less hispid or hirsute. 
Rootstock rather stout, simple or branched, giving off 
tufts of rosulate leaves, numerous long" slender stolons 
which are prostrate or pendulous over rocks, and many 
ascending usually slender one-flowered scapes. Radical 
leaves one to one and a half inches long, shortly petioled, 
oblanceolate or obovate, acute or subacute, entire or more 
or less toothed, pale green above, paler beneath with two 
or three pairs of ascending nerves ; leaves on the stolons 
much smaller and more sessile, those on the scapes few and 
linear or linear-obovate. Scapes rich dark brown, two to five 
inches high, with spreading hairs. Reads three-quarters 
to one and a quarter of an inch in diameter. Involucre 
campanulate ; bracts in about two series, red brown, with 
green backs, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute or subacute, 
nearly glabrous except at the subfimbriate margins. Baj/- 
Jiowers in one series, pale lilac blue, linear, tips minutely 
notched. Disk-floivers few, yellow, not forming a compact 
mass. Achenes narrowly obovate, compressed with an 
obtuse ridge on the face, silky ; pappus rather longer than 
the achene, rigid, dirty reddish. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bracts of the involucre; 2, ray-flower; 3, disk-flower; 4, stigmatic arms 
of ditto ; 5, achene of ray, and 6, of disk -.—all enlarged. 


To Vol. XLII. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXII. of the 

whole Work. 

6905 Achillea rupestris. 
G863 Aloe heteracantha. 

6908 Alpinia mutica. 

6878 Anthurium splendid uni. 

6909 Aristolochia elegans. 

6884 Aristolochia longifolia. 
6912 Aster Stracheyi. 
6893 Befaria glauca. 

6899 Begonia Johnstoni. 
6907 Brodisea Douglasii. 

6870 Caccinia glauca. 
6862 Calotropis gigantea. 
6859 Calotropis procera. 
6911 Carpenteria calif ornica. 

6890 Cerinthe minor. 
6901 Colchicum Troodii. 
6864 Colensoa physaloides. 

6896 Corydalis Sewerzovi. 

6876 Cypripedium Godefroyae. 

6891 Disa atropurpurea. 

6867 Echinocactus Joadii. 

6868 Echium candicans. 

6871 Eomecon chionantha. 

6885 Galtonia clavata. 

6874 Gentiana Bigelovii. 

6910 Geranium tuberosum (mi'. 

6897 Gladiolus Kotschyanus. 
6879 Grevillea Hookeriana. 

6875 Ha^manthus Baurii. 

6877 Hoya Griffithii. 

6869 Iris Bartoni. 

6902 Iris Eulefeldi. 
6889 Iris Milesii. 
6894 Iris Statellae. 

6853 Ixora macrothyrsa. 

6865 Jasminum angularc. 
6904 Karatas acanthocrater. 

6856 Layia glandulosa. 
6900 Leontice Alberti. 
6858 Lissochilus Sandersoni. 

6854 Martinezia caryotsefolia. 

6855 Muscari Szovitsianum. 
6883 Mrymecodia Beccarii. 

6886 Pleurothallis Barberiana. 
6888 Eanunculus Lyallii. 
6861 Ehynchanthus longiflorus. 
6892 Eibes oxycanthoides. 

6857 Eosa pisocarpa. 

6881 Eoydsia suaveolens. 

6866 Solanum trilobatum. 
6880 Sophronitis violacea. 

6903 Streptocarpus Dunnii. 
6860 Synthyris reniformis. 
6906 Tillandsia chrysostachys. 
6898 Tillandsia fenestralis. 

6882 Tillandsia (Vriesea) inflata. 
6873 Trichosanthes palmata. 

6887 Tulipa Kaufmanniana. 
6895 Tulipa Ostrowskiana. 
6872 Vaccinium Mortinia.