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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



COMPBTSING THE 



plants of tfte Kopal 6artont* of lulu, 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IX GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.I).. O.B., K.C.S.I.. 



F tt. 

D.C.L. OXOK., T.L.I). ( AMAH., CO 



in: rxsTrruTR ok franck. 



VOL. XI. IV. O 
OF TH E T BIRD S E 111 BS. 

(Or Vol. CXIV.ofik* Whole Wt.r/c.) 



B •: li 



Y^m 







^■^-r^ 



" Boon Nature soarc-M, free and wild, 
Kuch plant or Dowi i " 

Bii Waltxi Scoit. 



L X D X : 
L. REEVE & CO., 5, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1888. 

[All rightt retcr 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 



10ND0TT: 

PRINTED BY GILBEBT i SD EIV,NGTOK, UMTTFD, 

ST. JOHN'S HOUSE, CLEBKENWEEL BOAD, E.C. 



TO 

C. B. CLARKE. Esq., M.A., F.R.&, F.LS. 

My dear Clarke, 

By dedicating to you the Hundred and Fourteenth 
"Volume of the Botanical Magazine, I avail myself of a long- 
desired opportunity of placing on record the high estimation in 
which your services to Botanical Science are held, — services 
emphasized by your arduous journeys for botanical explo- 
ration in all parts of India, and by your extensive and 
valuable publications on the vegetation of our Indian 
possessions. 

I further take this opportunity of gratefully acknow- 
ledging the important aid you have been to me in the 
preparation of "The Flora of British India/' by placing 
unreservedly at my disposal your immense Indian Herbarium 
and invaluable accompanying observations on the plants it 
contains, and by contributing to that work a series of care- 
fully elaborated Natural Orders, which has both materially 
lightened my labours and facilitated the researches of our 
fellow-botanists in India. 

Believe me, with great regard, 

Faithfully yours, 

JOS. D. HOOKER. 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 
December 1st, 1888. 



6973 







eve & G° Li i 



Vin. antBroQks,D^8 



Tab. 6973. 
PHORMIUM HooKEiir. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe HsuEROCALLKS. 
Genus Phoemium, Font.; (Benlh. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 773.) 



Phoeitium Hookeri; foliis ensiformibus flaccidis recurvis apice laceris utrinque 
et marginibus pallide la)te viridibus concoloribus non glaucis, scapo inclinato, 
floribus gracile pedicellatis, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis acutis aurantiacis, petalis 
lineari-oblongis viridibus apicibus rotundatis recurvis, filamentis sanguineis, 
capsulis pendulis elongatis angustis tortis. 

P. Hookeri, Gunn mss. in Serb. Hook. 



In the garden of my brother-in-law, Dr. Lombe of 
Torquay, are growing luxuriantly side by side three very 
distinct- looking species of New Zealand flax, of which he 
obtained two under the names respectively of Swamp flax 
and Mountain flax, from a nurseryman ; the third, or Moun- 
tain flax, he raised himself from seed given him by Mr. Grace, 
a missionary, who, he is informed, resided at Wanganui, 
in the Northern Island of New Zealand. Dr. Lombe pointed 
out to me the remarkable differences in these three plants, 
which were indeed very obvious, but whereas the Swamp 
flax and Hill flax were both familiar to me as recognized 
forms of P. tenax, having stiff leaves glaucous beneath and 
with coloured margins, that raised from Mr. Grace's seeds 
differed wholly from the above and from any form of 
either of the two known species (P. tenax and P. Colensoi) 
in the flatter flaccid recurved pale green unbordered 
leaves with fissured tips at an early age, and which are 
rolled back so that their tips reach or lay on the 
ground. On comparing this latter plant with Herbarium 
specimens of Phormium, I had no difficulty in recognizing its 
identity with a species sent to me twenty years ago by 
my late friend Ronald Gunn, F.R.S., of Tasmania, who had 
found it in 1864, when on a visit which he paid to New 
Zealand as a member of a Commission invited to settle 
the position of the capital of the island. This species he 

Jan. 1st, 1888. 



recognized as being very different from any form of P. 
tenax, and desired it should bear my name. The locality in 
which Hr. Gnnn found it was the Waitangi river, about 
thirty or forty miles from its mouth, where it grew pendu- 
lous from almost perpendicular rocks, in great abundance. 

In size and habit the present species res 
lensoiisx more than /'. U no. i , but is more different from both 
of these than they are from one another. Indeed the 
varieties of these latter plants are so puzzling that it is an 
open question whether they may not be found to pass into 
one another, or so to intercross that specimens are to be 
found of which it is difficult to say to which they should 
be referred. Captain Cook, the discoverer of the genus 
in 1770 speaks of two kinds, a yellow-flowered and red- 
flowered, a character which in a general way distinguishes 
tenax from Colensoi, and he figures one from Dusky Hay 
("Voyage to the South Pole, 1772 -1775," vol. i. t. 23) as 
the Hax plant of New Zealand, which closely resembles 
P. Hookeri. Colenso, in the " Transactions of the 
New Zealand Institute," vol. i. (1868), p. 15, also re- 
cognizes two species (tenax and Colensoi) as growing 
throughout the Northern Island, at all elevations from the 
sea coast to an elevation of 4000 feet, and in all soils and 
situations; he, however, says elsewhere, that both vary 
in the colour of the flowers, yellow green and red, and 
both in the length, breadth, and amount of twisting of the 
capsules, and in the thickness of their valves; to which I 
may add that the seeds of both these kinds and of V. Hookeri 
are identical in size, form, colour and structure. Seeds of 
P. Hookeri were seut to the Royal Gardens by Dr. Lombe 
in 1881, and the plants raised therefrom flourish in the 
Temperate House, but have not flowered 

I have given on the plate with P. Hookeri a figure of the 
flower of Dr. Lombe's " Swamp flax ; " it differs con- 
siderably from that of P. tenax figured at Plate 3199 of this 
work, and I shall hope on a future occasion to publish it 
for the Magazine. 

P. Hookeri flowers in July at Torquay, the scape with 
inflorescence attaining the height of five feet. — J. D. H. 



m Jig- 1, Reduced figure of the whole plant; 2, leaf, and 3, portion of 
in florescence, both of the natural size; 4, flower cut vertically; 5, anther; 
V, ovary ; 7, transverse section of ditto :—jias. 4-7 all enlarged. 



• ::r i 










Tab. 6974. 
CERATOTHECA triloba. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Pedaline^:. — Tribe Sesames. 
Genus Ceeatotheca, JEadlicher ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1059.) 



Ckkatotheca triloba ; elata, erecta, basi ramosa, pubescens, caule profunda 
sulcato, foliis inferioribus longe petiolatis late ovato-cordatis integris v. 3-lobis 
grosse crenato-serratis superioribus breviter petiolatis triangulari-ovatis 
simiato-dentatis, floralibus sessilibus ovatis. floribus breviter pedicellatis nutan- 
tibus, sepalis subsqualibus lanceolatis deciduis, corollse declinatae tubo piloso, 
lirnbi bilabiati labio superiore e lobis 4 late ovato-rotundatis, inferiore duplo 
longiore pendulo oblongo-ovato, ovario cylindraceo piloso, stigtnatibus subu- 
latis, capsula oblongo-cylindracea bicornuta. 

C. triloba, JE. Meyer in Plant. Drege. 

Sporledera triloba, Bernhardt in Linntsa (1842) p. 41 ; A. Be Candolle Prodr. 
vol. ix. p. 252; Gard. Chron. Ser. 3, vol. ii. (1887) p. 492, fig. 99. 



A native of Natal, closely allied to the common cultivated 
Indian and Oriental Sesamum indicwm, Linn, (of which there 
is an indifferent figure in this work, Plate 1688), but a very 
much handsomer plant. Indeed Geratotheca differs from 
the older genus in no important characters but the two- 
horned capsule, and might well be regarded as a section of 
it. Geratotheca itself has been subdivided into two genera, 
but, as pointed out in the " Genera Plantarum," on 
imaginary grounds, for Sporledera, which was invented for 
G. triloba, does not even form a section of Geratotheca. 

G. triloba has been collected by many travellers, and over 
a wide tract of country, including Natal, the Transvaal, 
Bechuana land and Mulebele country. The Kew Garden 
specimens which were raised from seed sent by Mr. Wood 
from the Natal Botanical Garden are very much taller and 
more luxuriant than the native ones ; they were raised from 
seed that arrived in December, 1886, and flowered in 
September of the following year. 

Dkscr. A tall pubescent herb with the habit of a fox- 
glove. Stem five feet high, erect, stout, herbaceous and 
rather succulent, with short branches from the base, simple 

JAN. 1st, 1SS8. 



higher up, obtusely four-angled, the angles rounded, the 
faces deeply grooved. / polymorphous, lower I 

petioled, from broadly ovate-cordate or almost rounded to 
broadly triangular and three-lobed, with the lateral lobes 
spreading, margins coarsely crenate, surfaces more or less 
pubescent; broadest leaves eight inch) a the lol ; 

petiole five to six inches, stout, hairy ; flora] leaves narrowly 
ovate, much shorter than the flowers, but longer than the 
calyx. Flowers in opposite pairs, very shortly pedicelled, 
pedicels erect, with a minute imperfect flower at the base 
of each, consisting of truncate five^lobuled calyx, five 
rounded lobules representing the corolla and a minute 
two-lobed stylode. Calyx erect; obscurely two-lipped, 
divided to the base into five narrowly lanceolate erect 
deciduous hairy sepals, half an inch long. Corolla three 
inches long, pilose; tube with a gibbous decurved base, 
trumpet-shaped at the tip, gradually expanding into the 
very oblique five-lobed, sub-two-lipped limb, of which the 
four upper lobes are broadly shortly ovate obtuse and 
recurved, the fifth or lower La pendulous, oblong, obtuse. 
Stamens inserted on the tube just above the gibbous base, 
filaments glabrous; anthers linear-oblong, slightly hispid 
at the base. Disk lobed. Ovary cylindric, pubescent, top 
rounded; style slender, with two short subulate spreading 
stigmatie arms. — J. I). II. 



Fifj. 1, Base of corolla and stamens; 2, anther; 3, ovary, «tyl« and stigma; U 
traitevfflwe section of ovary; 5, ovules ; 6, an imperfectly developed Bower at the 

base ol the pedicel ; 7, the same cut open vertically:— all enlarged. 







'.N.FitchHh 



I Reeve 



Tab. 69/5. 

THUXBERGIA affinis. 

Native of Zanzibar. 

Nat. Ord. Aoanthack.e. — Tribe Thunbebgie^;. 
Genus Thcxbeeoia, Linn.f.; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 1072.) 



Thuneergia (Eutbunbergia) affinis ; frutex suberectus, glaberrimus, ramulis 
4-gonis, foliis breviter petiolatis elliptici.s acutis obtusisve integerrimis basi 
acutis, floribus subsolitariis amplis, bracteis late ovatis acutis, calycis glandulosi 
laciniis 10-11 subulatis, una longiore, corolla? violacese tubo bracteis duplo 
longiore supra basiD recurvo, lobis amplis rotundatis retusis, filamentorum 
stylique apiuibus glandulosis, antberarum loculis setosis, stigmatis lobo inferiors 
cucullato superiore erecto truncate 

T. affinis, S. Moore in Britten's Journ. Bot. vol. xviii. (1880), p. 5 ; Gard CJiron 
Ser. 3, vol. ii. (1887), p. 460, fig. 91, 



I think it is extremely doubtful whether this beautiful 
plant will prove to be anything more than an as it were 
glorified form of the old'T. erecta s T. Anders. (Meyenia 
ereda, Benth. ; Bot. Mao., t. 5013), which is a native of the 
shores of the Gulf of Guinea. This latter plant differs in its 
more ovate acuminate and strongly sinuate leaves, and its 
much smaller shorter bracts and flowers; its lower branches 
are more strongly four-angled, and the calycine segments 
are shorter. On the other hand, the form of the flower is 
the same in both, and in those important organs, the 
anthers and the curious stigma, they are absolute identity. 
The fact is, that the more the botanist knows of the 
tropical African Flora, the more impressed he is with the 
wide area occupied by its species, and the indefiniteness of 
the characters of so many of them. , The genus Tinnea 
affords an example of this, very analogous to that of these 
Thunbergias; for T. cethiopica, var. dentata (Plate 6744), 
bears the same relation in point of smaller size of leaves, 
and their being toothed, and of bracts and flowers, to the 
original^ T. cethiopica (Plate 5637), that T. ererta does to 
T. affinis; indeed, had the latter not already been dis- 
tinguished and described and named as a different species, 
it is very probable that it would now appear in this work 

Jan. 1st, 1888. 



as a form of T. . This is one of tl, n which 

expediency must go into the balance, and where it k: 
the beam. For horticultural purposes the two will be 
always distinguished, and the palm given to 
Landolphiaflorida, figured only two months ago, is another 
conspicuous instance of a very widely distributed and 
variable tropical African plant. Except, perhaps, N 
Zealand, I know of no considerable botanico-geogrnphical 
area in which the species seem to be as imperfectly differen- 
tiated as m tropical Africa. With regard to the generic 
name of Meyenia, it is fortunately untenable botanicallv, 
lor it was a mistake to refer f. erecta to it. As T. 
Anderson has pointed out, in his paper on African 
Acanthacem in the Journal of the»Linna)an Society (vol. 
vn p 18), it is the Meyenias that have a truncate calyx, 
and the true Thunbergias a many-toothed one. 

T. affinis and erecta have occasionally % -dl stipular 

thorns on the branches at the base of the petioles, and 
both have occasional pulvffli of hairs in the I 
which is the character of Mr. 8. Moore's var. 

lne area oyer which 7. ;< mnc]l 

wider than that of T. erecta. It was first described by 
JUr. Moore from Mombassa specimens collected by Hi 
brandt, and Angola ones of Monteiro. In the latl 
country it was collected by Welwitsch, in the Shire Hi 
lands by Buchanan, and on the Zanzibar coast by Sir John 
Kirk to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for the 
plants irom which the figure here given was taken. It had, 
however previously been received from the Imperial 
.Botanical Gardens of Berlin. 

T. affirm is a handsome rambling shrub, attaining, if 
trained, twelve feet in height, with slender flexuous 
orancnes. In a pot it remains dwarf and compact. It 
flowered m the Palm House in September, 1886.-/. D. II. 

6 vSicll s Sono n f^° Vary; 2 an ,f 3 ' anthers 5 4 ' sti S ma J 5 » OW7 and disk ; 
o, vertical section ol the same -.—all enlarged. 



Tab. G976. 
PRUNUS Jacquemontii. 

Native of the North-West Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Eosace.e. — Tribe PBUV&& 
Genus Pbcscs, L. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 609.) 



Pbtjkus (Amygdalus) Jacquemontii ; frutex fere glaberrimus, foliis breviter 
petiolatis oblongis lanceolatis ellipticis subobovatisve acutis argute serruhtis 
glabris v. subtus puberulis, stipulis parvis laceris deciduis, petiolo eglanduloso, 
tforibus pra'cocibus ad axilhu sub-binis breviter pedicellatis, calycis tubo 
cylindraceo basi rotundato, lobis brevibus ovatis acutis, petalis orbicularibus 
obovatisve roseis, ovario glaberrimo, stylo elongato, drupa parva globosa, 
pntamioe subgloboso lan-i. 

P. Jacquemontii, Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 314. 

P. bumilis, Brandis Fur. Flor. N.-W. and Central India, p. 191 {non Bunge). 

Amygdalus bumilis, Edgew. in Trans. Linn. Sue. vol. xx. p. 41. 



A very common shrub in the drier regions of the North- 
West Himalaya, forming a bush bis to ten feet high, from the 
province of Garwhal (east of Nepal) westward, at elevations 
of 9600 to 12,000 feet, extending northwards into Tibet 
and westwards into Afghanistan. It was first recognized 
by Edgeworth, who published it as Amygdalus humilis, but 
without any reference to Bunge's Primus humilis of North 
China, which, however, so much resembles P. Jacquemontii 
that Brandis Las alluded to the latter in his Forest Flora as 
being the same with the Chinese plant. This latter refer- 
ence tends to show that Edgeworth may have by oversight 
omitted to cite Bunge's plant as a synonym. There are, 
indeed, some differences between Edgeworth's description 
of his A. humilis and the plant now figured, for that author 
describes the calyx-lobes as crenulate. Unfortunately 
no specimens of Edgeworth's plant exist in our Herbaria. 
Bunge's P. humilis may at once be distinguished by the 
long fascicled pedicels and turbinate calyx with retlexed 
lobes. 

In the Flora of British India I have referred P. Jacque- 
montii (which I had then seen only in fruit) with doubt to 

JAN. 1st, 1888. 



a section of the genus with the flowers appearing before the 
leaves; this they appi do, bat the interval betwi 

flowering and leafing is not very long. The Kew plant, 
which was raised froi by Dr. Aitehison from 

the Kurrum Valley in Afghanistan at an elevation of about 
6000 feet, flowered in May, 1887, and the leaves wore tally 
developed in the following July. 

Descr, A shrub with stout slender divaricate branches, 
quite glabrous, or puberulous in the leaf axils, buds and 
sometimes the leaves beneath ; branches not spinescent. 
/, .■'■•■ 8 two to two and a half inches long, variable in form, 
ovate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic or subobovate, acute or 
acuminate, serrulate; nerves eight to ten paii tiole 

one-sixth of an inch, ba ndular; stipules Blender, 

laciniate, caducous. Flowers often in pairs, very short ly 
pedicelled. Ga - one-sixth to a quarter of an inch 
long, tubular, cylindric, smooth, glabrous, st rial 
rounded; lobes not half the length of the tube, ovate, 
acute, hairy within. F>jf>ils one-sixth of an inch broad, 
nearly orbicular, pink. N s about ■'. Ovary 

obliquely ovoid, quite glabrous, narrowed into the long 
slender style. Drupe globose, as la? the finger-nail, 

red, juicy; stone nearly globose, a quarter to one-third of 
an inch in diameter, quite smooth. — ./. 1). II. 



Fig. 1, Branch and stipules; 2, flower; 3, petal; 4 Mid 6, stamens j fi, pistil ; 
7, stone; 8, drupe oldie natural size :— a/l LiUJiys. 7 vrg«d. 




L Reeve &. C° London 



Tab. 6977. 
MASDEVALLIA Chesteetont. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Oechidej:. — Tribe Epidendre.e. 
Genus Masdevallia, RuizSfPav.; (Benth.et H»ok.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 492.) 



Masdevallia Chesiertoni ; csespitosa, foliis subsessilibus oblanceolatis subacutis 
dorso carinatis basi vaginatis vaginis truncato-acutatis, scapis elongahs 
gracilibus pendulis unifloris, vaginis remotis appressis, flonbus amphs, sepalis 
patentissimis subcequalibus ovato-rotundatis abrupte in caudis elongitas 
constrictis luride viridibus purpareo-maculatis conspersisque, dorsahs angus- 
tioris caudicula apice recta, lateralibus latioribus ad medium connatis caudi- 
culis apice incurvis v. involutes, petalis basi columnar affixis eseque parallels etd 
brevioribus erectis angustis compressis apicibus incrassatis truncatis cucullatis, 
labello sepalis bivviore pedi columns? affixo roseo, ungue sigmoideo protunde 
sulcato, sulco bilamellato, limbo renit'ormi concavo marginibus mcurvis integns, 
disco nervis sanguineis radiantibus furcatis instructo, columna mcurva aptera, 
pede breviuscula. 

M. Cbestertoni, Rehb.f. in Gard. Chron. vol. xix. (1883) p. 532. 



The genus Masdevallia is now supposed to contain at 
least a hundred species known to have been under culti- 
vation, and most of them first of all introduced into 
England. These present groups which most diverse in 
habit, in inflorescence, and in the forms and arrangement 
of the floral organs; in which respects (of diversity of 
character) I suspect that the genus is hardly to be matched 
amongst Orchids. Being highly coloured, they form a 
subject for an illustrated monograph so attractive, and 
that would be so useful, that it is a matter of surprise that 
no one has attempted such a work. A fraction of the 
labour and cost expended on gaudy pictures of well-known 
Orchids would, if expended on Masdevallia, prove a boon 
to Botanists and Horticulturists. Is there none among 
the many wealthy growers of these beautiful plants that 
would undertake to provide means for the execution of 
such a work ? . 

M. Chestertoni was, according to Dr. Beichenbach, dis- 
covered and introduced by Mr. Chesterton, a collector for 
Mr. F. Fanler, and a justly lamented traveller. The 

jan. 1st, 1888. 



illustrious Orchid* remarks thai it belongs to I 

same section as M. but may be 

immediately recognized by it 

The specimen figured was presented to the B 
Gardens by a very liberal contributor, Mr. F. Sander, of 
St. Albans. It flowered in September of last year. 

Dbscb. Tufted. / bur to five inches long, sessile, 

very coriaceous, oblanceolate, acute or subacute, deeply 
grooved down the middle in front, obtusely keeled down 
the back, pale green, nerves obscure ; basal sheaths two 
or three, half an inch long, tubular, truncate, with an 
acute apex on one side. > - long as the leaf, pendu- 

lous, slender, one-flowered, very dark green, with five or 
six green appressed tubular sheaths separated by spaces 
long as themselves; bract linear-oblong, greenish, streaked 
with purple. Flowers two to two and a half inches broad 
across the sepals, vertical with the lip uppermost. SepaU 
spreading horizontally, green spotted and sprinkled with 
dark purple, all broadly ovate, suddenly contracted into 
filiform tails as long as the limb ; dorsal nearly free 
rather the longest and narrowest with the tip of the t;iil 
straight, lateral connate to beyond the middle, and with 
the tails incurved or involute at the tip. Petals very 
small, adnate to the base of the column and parallel to it, 
but shorter, consisting of a golden yellow two-edged 
column terminated by a dilated thickened dark-purple 
shining hood. Lip jointed on the short foot of the column, 
rose-red ; claw sigmoid, deeply grooved, with tw r o lamella 
in the groove ; limb much shorter than the sepals, reniform, 
concave, with incurved entire margins, disk with many 
radiating forked bright-red raised nerves. Column incurved, 
margins above slightly dilated but hardly winged. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of ovary, petals, lip and column ; 2, petals, foot of column and 
column ; 3, lip ; 4, column ; 5, anther ; t>, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



6976'. 




...... 



Tab. 6978. 
AMORPHOPHALLUS virosus. 

Native of Siam. 

Nat. Ord. Aboide.e. — Tribe PrTHONiEiE. 
Genus Amorpuo phallus, Blume ; (Berth, et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 970.) 



Amoephophalius (Cainlanmi) virotutj folii lamina trisecta, segmentis dicho- 
tomis pinnatifidis v. 2-pinnatilidis, pinnulis valde insequanbus majoribua 
oblongis cuspidatis minoribus triangulari-ovatis, petiolo aspero maculate, 
pedunculo brevi cras.so, apatba ampia late infundibular! superne expanaa 
marginibus undulati.s extus, viiidi purpurco rajfoao et maoulis niagnis pallidia 
consperso, intue luride purpureo, inflorescentia maacnla femineo subeeqailon^H, 
appendice brevi crasso conoideo atropurpureo, antberis sessilibus, orariis 
giobosis, stjlo valido elongate stigmate subreniforme. 

A. virosus, N. E. Brown in Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. sxiii. p. 759.] 



The Indian and Indo-Malayan species of the Qandarum 
section of Amorphophallus have yet to be studied with a view 
of defining the species, if indeed there is more than one. 
The figures of the type of the section, A. campanula f if s, 
Blume, the Aram campanulatum of Roxburgh, differ greatly 
from one another ; and the earliest of them, that of 
Rumphius, is useless for purposes of identification. Nor is 
the figure of Roxburgh, in his Coromandel plants, much 
better, whilst that in this Magazine (t. 2812) i3 very unlike 
all the rest. The magnificent plate in Blume* a " Rumphia " 
(t. 32, S3), drawn from Javanese individuals, leaves nothing 
to be desired, and answers to my recollection of the Bengal 
plant. It differs from that here figured in the narrower 
leaflets, and the absence of the large pale spots on the 
spathe, as also in the enormous size of the spathe, which 
latter, however, is not a character of any importance. The 
figure that approaches nearest to A. virosus is that of Arum 
Uumphii of Gaudichaud (Botany of Freycinet's Voyage, 
p. 127, t. 34), to which that author refers Arum campanula- 
turn, Roxb., as a synonym, for it has the large white spots on 
the spathe. It was found in Timor, and it is upon a Timor 
plant that Blume founded the genus Amorphophallus, 
supposing it to be the same with Roxburgh's Arum cam- 

FEB. 1ST, i 



'Litiim, of which latter ho figures and d< a 

Javanese specimen. Should this identification of the 
Timor with the Indian plant prove to be incorrect, the 
former plant (and A. virosw if co^pccific) will have to 
take the name of A. Rumphii. Schott, indeed, in his 
Meletemata (under Reichenbach's genus of Candor 
which he retained in that work as a genus) makes three 
species out of Ax rqmnnhitum, Roxb., namely, G. 

Hozburghii for the plant of that author, 0. Rumphii for 
that figured by Gaudichaud, and G. Hookeri for the one 
figured at t. 2812 of this work. In Schott's latest work, 
ho\vever,his " Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum" (p. 130), 
these are passed over in silence, and presumably reduced 
to A. campanulatus, Blame, to which is added A. dvhiu$ K 
Blume (see Tab. 5187 of this work) ; and in this 
he is followed by Engler in his Monograph of Aracea9 
(p. 309). Whether A. dubius, a native of the Peninsula of 
India and of Ceylon, will prove distinct is doubtful, for I 
am informed by Mr. Clarke that A. campanulatus assumes in 
the dry weather a very diminutive form; and there is 
nothing in its male or female flowers or spathe by which it 
can be distinguished. It remains to add that a very wide 
geographical distribution is assigned by Blume and Bngler 
to A. campanulatus, namely, from Bengal to Ceylon in India, 
the Malay Islands to Timor and New Guinea, the Pacific 
Islands of Tahiti and the Fijis, and lastly Madagascar. 

The specimen here figured of A. virosus flowered in the 
Royal Gardens in June of last year, and was as fetid as is 
usual with its allies. It is supposed to have been brought 
from Siam. The height of the petiole was 4 feet and 3| 
inches in diameter; the spread of the blade 6 feet. — 
/. D. II. 



Fig. 1, Reduced view of the whole plant ; 2, petiole ; 8, portion of leaf; 4, inflo- 
rescence; 5, portion of inner surface of spathe ; 6, male flowers; 7, fem. flowers ; 
8, vertical section of ovary ; 9, ovules :— all but jiffs. 1, 2, 3, and I greatly enlarged. 



Tab. 6979. 

CCELOGYNE Massangeana. 
Native of Assam. 

Nat. Ord. OncHiDEJE. — Tribe Epidendbe.e. 
Genus Ccelogyxe, Lindl. ; {Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. Hi. p. 518.) 



Ccelooyne (Euccelogyne) Massangeana ; pseudobulbo obpyriforme, foliis petiolatis 
elliptico-lanceoiatis auuininatis subplicato-nervosis in petiolum teretiusculum 
attenuatis, pedunculo basi pseudobulbi orto robusto, racemo pedali pendulo 
laxe pluriHoro, bracteis spathaceis coriaceis cymbitbrmibus brunneis, floribus 
pallida ocbraceo-citrinis, sepalis lineari-oblongis obtusis, petalis sepalis sequi- 
longis sed angusttoribus ellipticis v. oblaneeolatis acutis, labello sepalis aequi- 
longo basi haud saccato, lobis lateralibus elongato oblongis obtusis incurvis 
intus brunneo striatis, disco inter lobos 3-cristato et 3-carinato, lobo terminal! 
parvo suborbiculari disco late tutnido tuberculato, colnrnna pallida auguste 
alata, vertice crenulato. 

C. Massangeana, Beichh. in Gard. Citron, x. (1878), p. 681, and vol. xvii. (1882) 
p. 3(>'J ; Floral Magazine N.S. t. 373; Warner and Williams Orchid 
Album, t. 29. 



Reichenbach, the author of this as of so many other 
species, rightly indicates its affinities to be with Lindley's 
0. asperata, a native of Borneo, with a many-flowered dense 
subpubescent raceme, and indeed the two seem to be very 
nearly allied, for they agree in the colour and form of the 
sepals, in the tip being " richly marked with brownish-yellow 
veins springing from a rugged bright-orange central ridge," 
and in the drooping raceme a foot long of large flowers. 
There is, however, in C. Massangeana no trace of pubes- 
cence on the raceme, and the midlobe of its lip could 
not be called oblong. 

G. Massangeana was described by Reiclienbach in 1878 
from specimens that flowered in the Chateau de Baillon- 
ville, pres Marche, the residence of M. de Massange, an 
enthusiastic orchidophilist, and was procured from Messrs. 
Jacob Makoy and Co. ; no locality for the plant, however, is 
given. It is reported to be a native of Assam, -but I 
should not be surprised if it proved to be Malayan. The 
specimen here figured was presented by Messrs. Veitch 
and Sons, and flowered in the Royal Gardens in October 
of last year. 

*eb. 1st, 1888. 



Descr. Pseudcbutb obpyriform, smooth. /. ives four to 
six inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, thin, subpli- 
cately nerved ; nerves strong beneath, narrowed at the 
base ; petiole one and a half to two inches long, stout, 
terete, green. Raceme one to two feet long, springing from 
the base of the pseudobulb and there sheathed by short im- 
bricate spathes, laxly many-flowered ; bracts half an inch 
long, hard, smooth, cymbiform, red-brown, embracing the pe- 
dicels. Floivers two inches in diameter, pale, rather dingy 
ochreous or citrinous yellow. Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse. 
Petals as long but narrower, oblanceolate or elliptic-lanceo- 
late, acute. Lip nearly as long as the sepals, not at all 
saccate ; lateral lobes elon^ate-oblongr obtuse, incurved, 
externally leaden-grey with purple tips, internally beauti- 
fully longitudinally striped with maroon-brown and yellow; 
disk between the lateral lobes with six rows of keels or 
crests, of which the outer and mesial bear tubercles with 
flattened crowns ; midlobe small, suborbicular, notched at 
the tip with a mesial tooth, disk covered with a broad two- 
lobed tumid rugged or toothed yellow and brown crest or 
boss confluent with the ridges between the side-lobes, and 
leaving a narrow yellow membranous border to the lobe. 
Column rather slender, narrowly winged, top round and 
crenulate. — /. 1). II. 



Fig. 1, Lip; 2, column ; 3, anther; 4, pollinia : — all enlanjed. 







. Saninp. 



Tab. 6980. 
salvia scapiformis. 

Native of Formosa. 

Nat. Ord. Labiatje. — Tribe Monaede^;. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; (Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1194.) 



Salvia" (Notosphace) scapiformis; glaberrima, caule gracili, foliis subradicalibus 
longe petiolatis late ovato- v. oblongo-cordatis crenatis apice rotundatis 
olivaceis subtus purpurascentibus, scapis nudis v. ruins 2-foliatis ad basin 
fere floriferis, racemis ramosis elongatis gracilibus, verticillastris laxis 5-floris, 
calvce tomentello, labio superiore rotundato integerrimo, inferiore breviter 2- 
dentato, corolla azureo-lilacinas tubo calyce longiore, labio superiore erecto 
2-lobo, inferiore 3-lobo lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis, medio 2-lobo lobia 
divaricatis truncatis crenatis. 

S. scapiformis, Hance in Lond. Journ. JBot. vol. xxiii. (1885) p. 368. 



The late Dr. Hance, the author of this Sage, rightly 
describes it as being well worthy of cultivation as an orna- 
mental plant ; for which purpose the profuseness of its 
flowering racemes, the delicate clear colour of the ame- 
thystine blue flowers, and graceful habit recommend it. 
As a species it is closely allied to the Indian 8. saxicola, 
Wall., a common plant in the Khasian Mountains of 
Eastern Bengal,* where many Chinese plants, and plants 
closely allied to Chinese, not found further eastward in 
India, have been discovered. 8. scapiformis differs from 
8. saxicola in being perfectly glabrous, in the almost total 
absence of bracts, in the shorter lower lip of the calyx, and 
in the larger corolla with longer lobes. 

Salvia cepiformis was discovered by Mr. C. Ford, Superin- 
tendent of the Hong Kong Botanical Gardens, in the 
Island of Formosa; and specimens sent by him to the late Dr. 
Hance (H.B.M. Vice-Consul, Whampoa) form the subject 
of one of the last published contributions made to Botany 
by that lamented gentleman. Mr. Ford also sent living 

Wallicb in bis Catalogue gives Nepal as the native country of this species, but 
Mr. Clarke, in the "Flora ot British India," probably discrediting Wallich's locality, 
confines it to the Khasia Mountains, where I have gathered it abundantly. It 
may, however, very well occur in both countries. 
feb. 1st, 1888. 



plants to the Royal Gardens, Cew, which flowered, in the 
Cape House, in June of la . and which supplied the 

material for the accompanying plate. It sends up a 
profusion of slender leaflless flowering scapes, that are 
simple or branched from the base, anil continue flowering 
for two months. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, with rarely an opposite 
pair towards the base of one or more of the scap 
two inches long, spreading, broadly ovate- or oblong-cor- 
date, obtuse, coarsely irregularly eremite or lobulate, convex 
and dark green above, with few sunk nerves and convex 
surfaces between them, red-purple beneath, with prominent 
nerves; petiole as long as the blade, or shorter. Scales 
six to ten inches high, ascending, with usually a pair of 
long subbasal branches, angular, greenish red; whorls 
very numerous, rather remote, five-flowered, or the upper- 
most three-flowered; bracts none, or minute, subulate; 
pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx shortly oblong, one- 
sixth of an inch long, five-ribbed, obscurely puberulous and 
glandular; upper lip short, recurved, entire ; lower rather 
longer, with two short sharp ovate teeth. Corolht pale 
amethystine blue ; tube hardly longer than the calyx, with a 
villous ring within; limb about one-third of an inch in 
diameter; upper lip obtusely bifid, lower three-lobed, lateral 
lobes shortly oblong, obtuse; midlobe longer, bifid; 
lobules divergent, truncate and crenate. Stamens deflexed 
on the lower lip of the corolla ; connective much longer than 
the filaments, straight or nearly so, the antheriferous arm 
three times as long as the other which is subacute ; anther- 
cell very small, oblong. Ovary glabrous; style-arms 
slender.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Bud ; 2, flower; 3, portion of tube of corolla laid open and stamens; 
4, anther-cell; 5, ovary and disk : — all enlarged. 







T fincejttBr 



LP-eevB & C° London. 



Tad. 6981. 
aloe hlldebrandtit. 

Native of East Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe Alqine.e. 
Genus AlOE, Linn. ; (Benin, et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 776.) 



Aloe Hihlebrandtii ; caudice erecto elongato simplici, foliis lanceolatis dissitis 
patulis parce maculatis dentibus inarginalibus parvis deltoideis, floribus in 
paniculam amplam pedunculo brevi ancipiti ramis multis ascendentibus laxe 
racemosis dispositis, pedicellis brevibus, bracteis parvis lanceolatis, periantbii 
segmentis lineari-oblongis tubo cylindrico vix longioribus, genitalibus breviter 
exsertis. 



Tliis very distinct new Aloe was discovered by the late 
Dr. Hildebrandt in the course of those adventurous explora- 
tions of East Tropical Africa* which extended from 1872 
to 1877, and added very materially to our knowledge of 
the botany of that part of the world. For horticultural 
purposes it is one of the most desirable of all the Aloes, 
from its compact growth and the unprecedented abundance 
of its bright-coloured flowers. Its nearest allies are A, 
cons'obrina, Salmdyck, and the little-known A. spicata, 
Haworth, of the latter of which there is a good figure in 
Bentley and Trimen's " Medicinal Plants," tab. 284. Dr. 
Hildebrandt's explorations extended from Abyssinia and 
Somali-land southward to the mountains of the interior oppo- 
site Zanzibar, and we do not know the exact country whence 
it came. Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered 
at Kew for the first time last summer, which was received 
in 1882 from the Botanic Garden of Berlin in 1882. 

Desce. Leafy stem simple, terete, erect, reaching a length 
of one and a half or two feet, and a diameter of half or 
three-quarters of an inch in our plant ; internodes half or 
three-quarters of an inch long, conspicuously spotted with 
white. Leaves laxly disposed, spreading, lanceolate, six to 
ten inches long, one and a half or two inches broad at the 

* For a detailed account of Dr. Hildebrandt's explorations reference may be made 
to a translation by Mr. Geo. Murray of a paper bj' Herr Kurtz, in Trimen's" Journal 
of Botany " for 1879, p. 8G. 

feb. 1st, 1888. 



clasping base, tapering gradually to an acuminate point, 
concave on the face above tin- | on the back, 

glaucous green with a few small whil . margined with 

small, ascending, deltoid teeth. Peduncles produced from 
the axils of the upper leaves, short, compressed, acutely 
angled. Inflorescence a lax panicle a foot and a half long, 
composed of ten or twelve laxly racemose ascending 
branches; pedicels about a quarter of an inch long; bracts 
small, lanceolate. /'■ rianth cylindrical, under an inch long ; 
segments linear-oblong, scarcely longer than the tube; tube 
and outer segments bright red; inner red-yellow, with a 
green keel. and style a little longer than the 

perianth; anthers small, oblong, yellow.— J. Q. Bed 

; Jk e i£' WI "' k ' , vh , ni ' m "'' h '' -'• a !eaf ; 3 i u PPer branch* of the panicle, 

th'L^da^d h0UtVU ' W stamen; 5, back view of ttemen; (3, pk!S, all 



Tab. 6982. 
ONCIDIUM Jonesianujt. 

Native of Paraguay. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Tribe Vandeje. 
Genus Oncidium, Sicartz; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 562:) 



OsciDirii (Teretifclia) Jon^sianvm ; folio in pseudobulbo parvo solitario teret 
carnoso sensim acuminato uni-sulcato, racemo e pedunculo pendulo adscen- 
dente, pedunculo rachique rubro-purpureo, floribus amplis, sepalis petalisque 
subsequalibus tubunguiculatis oblongis obtusis undulatis pallide viridibus 
rubro-purpureo maculatis, labelli lobi.s lateralibus parvis oblongo-rotundatis, 
• auran tiacis, disco inter lobos incrassato cristato, tenninali amplo subungui- 
culato latiore quam longo, transversim oblongo marginibus crispatis albo basi 
sanguineo maculato, disco nudo, coluninas alis auriculaetormibus oblique ovatis 
asceudentibus. 

Reichh.f. in Gard. Chron. vol. xx. (1881) p. 781 ; Warner and Williams Orchid 
Album, t. 183; Lindenia, t. fe2 ; lttichenhachia, p. 47, t. 21. 



This is by far the handsomest species of the small group 
of the genus Oncidium (containing about half-a-dozen 
species) to -which it belongs, and of which the type may be 
considered to be the long-known 0. Geholleta, Swartz, of 
the Spanish Main. 0. Geholleta is figured by Lindley in the 
Botanical Register (Tab. 1994), and is supposed to be the 
Ejpidendron Geholleta of Jacquin's " Selectarum Stirpium 
Americanarum Historia," t. 131, f. 2, published in 1763 ; 
though, as Dr. Lindley remarks, the fact of Jacquin's 
not having figured or described flower or fruit of his 
O. Geholleta renders the identification doubtful. 0. 
Jonesianum is a much larger-flowered species than 0. 
Geholleta t which has an erect branched glutinous panicle 
of yellow flowers. Of the other species of the group, 
only one has been figured, the 0. stijjitatum of Lindley, 
from Panama, to which that author refers his subsequently 
published 0. lacerum (Bot. Reg. 1846, t. 27), also a pani- 
culate yellow-flowered species ; this latter and the Mexican 
0. Ion g if o Hum (reduced subsequently to a variety of 0. 
Geholleta) he regarded as the handsomest species of the 
genus. From all these, and probably from all typical 

FEB. 1st, 1888. 



species of the group, Jonesianum differs in the simple 
raceme, which ascends from the pendulous peduncle, in the 
rise and colouring of the flower, and in the broad 
white undivided midlobe of the lip. There i . 
another and more dissimilar departure from the above type 
in the 0. stipe, if Keichenbach, which is singular in 

its cylindric pseudobulbs, short raceme, arched dorsal 
sepal, and its beaked (proboscoid) anther. This last and 
O'J ^ire outlying species, the former inhabiting 

Minae Geras in Brazil, and our plant Paraguay, both far 
beyond the geographical limits of the other species of the 
group. 

0. Jonesianum was introduced by Messrs, Fred. Hors- 
man and Co., of Stockwell Street; and I Dame of 

Mr. Morgan Jones, an enthusiastic lover of orchids. It 
is, however, stated in " Lindenia " that it had been 
previously brought to England by a travelling collector, 
Louis de St. Leger, and sold at S *s auction rooms as 

0. Cebolleta. Sanders, in his splendid work, " Reichen- 
bachia,'.' states that specimens brought by M. St. Leger in 
1883 flowered in England four or ii\ a ago. In the 

same work Reichenbach describes and figures a remarkable 
variety (phceanthur,,) with red-brown unspotted sepals and 
petals, and a smaller callus on the lip. Our specimen 
flowered in the intermediate Orchid house of the Roval 
Gardens towards the end of September last.— J. I). II. 

F:_'. 1, Section of leaf; 2, ovary, column and base of lip ; 3, side view of column 
with its wings removed; 4, anthers; 5, pollinia:— all enlarged. 



6983 







' 



Tab. 6983. 
VANDA Sanderiana. 

Native of the Philippine Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^.— Tribe Vande^i. 
Genus Vanda, Br.; (Kenth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 578.) 



Vanda Sanderiana ; caulibus breviusculis dense foliosis, foliis basi dense imbri- 
catis falcato-recurvis rigide camosis loriformibus apice truncatis et subtri- 
cuspidatis, racemo brevi dense multifloro, floribus maximis, sepalis orbicularis 
sessilibus dorsali petalisque pallide lilacinis, lateralibus aureis nervis 7-9 
ocbraceo-sanguineis clatbratim connexis, petalis sepalis minoribus late rhombeo- 
obovatis, labello parvo rubro-brunneo basi concavo, lobis lateralibus parvis 
rotundatis incurvis, terminali subquadrato recurve- latiore quara longobasi 
semilunari, marginibus arcuatis erosis, apice rotundato, disco carinis 3 
crassis sulcatis percnrso, polliniis globosis stipiti elongato piano lineari affixis, 
glandula crassiuscula disciformi, ovarii carinis subalatis undulatis. 

V. Sanderiana, Beichb. f. in Gard. Chron. vol. xvii. (1882), p. 588, and vol. xx. 
(1883), p. 440, f. 67", 68 ; Illust. Hortic. vol. xix. (1872), p. 272, and vol. xxxi. 
p. 139, t. 532 ; Bev. Hortic. 1885, 372, cum Ic. Warner's Orchid. Album, 
t. 124; Lindenia, vol. i. p. 85, t. 40 (var. labello viridi). 

Esmeralda Sanderiana, Beichb. f. (sub V. Sanderiana), in Gard. Chron. I. c. 588. 



Of more than a dozen species of Vanda figured in this 
work, there is not one with which this superb plant here 
figured can claim any close affinity, except perhaps with V. 
Gathcartii (Tab. 5845), now referred to another genus by 
Reichenbach, Esmeralda (Ken. Orchid, ii. 38). Both these 
have very broad flat sepals and petals, both want the 
spur at the base of lip so almost constant a feature in 
Vanda proper, and there is in both transverse coloration of 
the perianth. They differ, however, remarkably in their 
leaves, those of V. Cathcartiibeing soft, almost flaccid, with 
rounded unequally 2-lobed tips, whilst those of V. San- 
deriana are hard, rigid, with the truncate cuspidate tips 
so usual in typical Vanda. Bentham (in Gen. Plant, in. 
573) has referred V. (Esmeralda) Cathcartii to Blume's 
genus Arachnanthe, which differs from Vanda in the lip 
being jointed on to the base of the column, and neither 
saccate nor spurred at the base, though sometimes shortly 
spurred or gibbous at the back of the middle lobe. The 
insertion of the lip appears to me to be the same in V. 

MABXH 1st, 1888. 



Cathcartii and V. Sanderiana, and in habit neither resem- 
bles either the original .! ths of Bluine (-1. moschi- 
fera, Blume, Rumpli. iv. 55, t. 196 and 199 D. l!> nant) 
Fh Reichb. f.) or P. Lowei, Lindl. (Tlenanthera L< 
Reichb. f. Tab. : >745), which latter Reichenbach asso- 
ciates with A. mo* . Bl., referring both to a section of 
Renanthera. Upon the whole I should be disposed to 
leave the Arachnanthes where Reichenbach has kept them, 
under Renanthera,aiLd to bring V, ■ md Sanderiana 
together under Emm ralda either as a section of Voa da or a 
distinct genus. Reichenbach himself appears at one time 
to have regarded P. Sanderiana as an Esmeralda, for he 
cites Esmeralda 8anderiana, Reichb. f., under his descrip- 
tion of it in Gard. Chron. N. S. xvii. -588, as a synonym. 

P. Sanderiana is a native of the Island of Mindanao, one 
of the Philippines, whence it was imported by Mr. F. 
Sander. I am indebted to W. C. Lee, Esq., of Downside, 
Leatherhead, for the beautiful specimen lure figured, which 
flowered in his famous collection in October last. The 
species is a remarkably free flowerer; single plants are 
described as producing five spikes at a time, and these 
spikes as bearing forty-seven flowers and buds, thirty-four 
being open simultaneously. — J. D. H. 



Fij?. 1, Side view of ovary, lip and column ; 2, front view of lip and column ; 
3, anther ; 4 and 5, polliuia :— all enlarged. 







y \3onftnj)- 



L Reeve C LoncboTV. 



Tab. 6984 
primula geraniifolia. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Peimulace-E. — Tribe Pbimulex. 
Genus Pbistcxa, Linn.; (Benth.et HooJcf. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 631.) 



Pkimttla geraniifolia ; acaulis, molliter hirsuta, efarinosa, foliis Ionge petiolatis 
rotundato-cordatis ambitu acute v. obtuse lobulatis, lobulis crenato-dentatis, 
scapo pracillimo, floribus umbellatis verticillatisve patentibus, bracteis linearibus 
pedicellis brevioribus, calycis subcampanulati 5-fidi lobis erectis ovatis acutis, 
corolla? tubo brevi subinflato, ore annulato, lobis breviusculis obcordatis 
patentibus, ovario globoso. 

P. gebaniifolia, Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Tnd. vol. iii. p. 484. 



This is a near ally of the P. mollis figured at Tab. 4798 
of this work, and, like it, is a native of the Eastern Hima- 
laya, its congener being found in the neighbouring province 
of Bhotan. Both belong to a group of the genus of which 
the P. corhisioides (Tab. 399) of Siberia is the long-known 
type. There are, however, remarkable differences in the 
corollas of P. geraniifolia, mollis and corhisioides, inasmuch as 
the divisions of the corolla-lobes of the first named are short 
and rounded with a broad sinus, those of mollis are narrower 
with an acute narrow sinus, and of cortusioides are divari- 
cate with a broad acute sinus. The calyx is very similar 
in all three, but the corolla-tube of mollis is much the 
longest of the three. P. sinensis, which is usually referred 
to the same group, differs remarkably in the inflated base 
of the calyx. The lobing of the leaf of P. geraniifolia varies 
very much in the original specimens for which the descrip- 
tion in the Mora of British India was drawn up. They are 
longer than in the specimen here figured, and quite acute. 

P. geraniifolia is a native of the (politically) Tibetan 
province of Chumbi, which forms a wedge, with its narrow 
end to the south, between Sikkim on the west and Bhotan 
on the east. In other words, it is a triangular section of 
the Himalaya, extending southward from Tibet proper to 
about half-way between the valleys of the Burrampooter 

march 1st, 1888. 



and the crests of the range. Being bounded on the east and 
west by lofty spurs from the great mass to the north of it, 
which spurs close it in to the south, and leave it open to 
the north, it possesses a climate intermediate between the 
rainy one of the Himalaya and the dry one of Tibet, and 
contains some peculiar plants. It has never been visited 
by a botanist, and for a knowledge of its vegetation we are 
indebted to native collectors sent by Dr. King. Its ele- 
vation is probably everywhere above 10,000 feet, except 
along the narrow gorges of the Machoo river and its 
tributaries, which has its source in the snows of the great 
snowy mass of Chumalari. Our specimen was raised from 
seed sent by Dr. King, and flowered in May of last year, 
and has proved to be quite hardy at Kew. 

Descr. Rootstoch short. Leaves spreading, long-petioled, 
one to one and a half inches in diameter, hirsute on both 
surfaces, orbicular and deeply cordate, pale yellow-green, 
membranous, eleven- to fourteen-lobulate; lobules acute 
obtuse or rounded, crenate or toothed ; nerves deeply sunk ; 
basal lobes ear-shaped, enclosing a rounded sinus; petiole 
two to three inches long, slender, hirsute. Scape erect, 
very tall and slender, six to ten inches long, softly hairy. 
Flowers many in a solitary terminal umbel, with sometimes 
a whorl below the umbel, spreading and drooping; bracts 
few, unequal, slender, green, shorter than the pedicels. 
Calyx subcampanulate, pubescent, cleft to the middle into 
five erect ovate acute lobes. Corolla pale purple, glabrous, 
tube a little longer than the calyx, rather inflated and con- 
tracted at the yellow annulate mouth ; limb two-thirds 
of an inch in diameter ; segments short, obcordate, with 
rounded lobules. Stamens inserted just beneath the mouth. 
Ovary globose, stigma capitate. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Caljx ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 







■Vincent I3rorfc,Day * 



I Reeve 4 C c loTitlon_ 



Tab. 6985. 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM Brownii. 

Native of South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. 'Ficoivem. — Tribe Mesembbye^. 
Genus Hesembbyanthemum, Linn. ; (Benth.etHooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 853.) 



MESEMBRYANTHEMtTM Brownii; fructiculus compactus, erectus, ramosus, glaber- 
rimus, rainis gracilibus, foliis semipollicaribus teretiusculis acutis subpustulatia 
pallideglauco-viridibus basi lata insertis, floribus ternis solitariisve 1 poll, latis 
leete purpureas, demum ocbraceis, calycis tubo brevi turbinate, lobis 2 multo 
majoribus subdolabriformibus dorso cornutis ceteris ovatis obtusis mucronatis, 
petalis pluriseriatis anguste spatbulato-oblanceolatis apice retusis v. obtuse 
2-dentatis, staminibus collectis, stigmatibus 5 crassis apicibus subulatis. 



According to the arrangement into groups of the species 
of this vast genus by Pr. Salm Dyck, and as adopted in the 
Flora Capensis of Harvey and Sonders, this beautiful species 
is technically referable to the Tenuiflorce along with M. 
coccineum, Haw. (M. bicolorum, Tab. 59, of this work) ; but, 
as Mr. IS". E. Brown points out to me, its nearest affinity is 
with M. polyanthon, Haw., which is referred in the above 
work to the group Scabra, defined as having scabrous 
leaves. To add to this confusion, the group scabra, which 
in De Candolle's Prodromus is placed in the great primary 
division of the genus with epapulose leaves, is in Salm 
Dyck's work and in Harvey and Sonders, placed in the 
papulose division. Now the plant named polyanthon in 
the Kew collection has neither papulose nor scabrid leaves 
(nor are they so described and figured by Salm Dyck), 
in both which respects M. Brownii agrees with it, as it 
further does in the broad obtuse petals, whereas in all the 
species of the tentiiflora group the petals are slender and 
acuminate. With regard to scabridity of foliage, Mr. 
Brown, who has made a study of the genus, assures me 
that the term scabrid is used in it in a very loose sense, 
often applying merely to the roughness of leaf-surface pro- 
duced by drying. These facts suggest the necessity of 
finding some more scientific classification of the species of 
this interesting genus than that hitherto adopted. 

MABCH 1st, 1888. 



I have named this beautiful species after Mr. Brown, who 

has taken a great deal of trouble in the d< termination of 
the species of this troublesome genus. Mr. Watson, who 
is charged with the cultivation of the succulent plants at 
Kew, informs me that the flowers expand only in bright 
sunlight, and that the change of colour shown in the 
specimen figured is not accidental, but that the young 
flowers are invariably of a brilliant lustrous purple, and 
that they fade into ochreous or reddish yellow. 

M. Brownii has been long grown at Kew under the name 
of micans; it flowers in July, and remains long in blossom. 
How far it may prove distinct specifically from M. poly- 
anthon, I am not prepared to say ; it differs from Haworth's 
and other descriptions of that plant in the total absence of 
scabridity, and from Salm Dyck's figure of it in the erect 
more shrubby habit and smaller flowers. 

Dkscr. A small erect much-branched shrub, about a foot 
high; branches slender, quite glabrous, not articulate at the 
nodes, covered with brown smooth shining bark. Leaves 
one-half to two-thirds of an inch long, in scattered pairs, 
or crowded on short lateral branches, terete, acute, fleshy, 
inserted by a broad base, pale glaucous green, not papillose, 
but obscurely pustulate with translucent slight prominences, 
giving an uneven appearance, more pronounced as the leaf 
dries ; youngest leaves obscurely triquetrous or semi-terete. 
Flowers one to one and a quarter inches in diameter, 
solitary, or in threes at the ends of the branches, where 
each pedicel has a pair of leaves like the cauline, from deep 
ochreous red to bright red-purple ; pedicels one-half to 
one inch, slender, hardly swollen below the calyx. Oalyx- 
tube short, turbinate; lobes longer than the tube, two 
larger broader upwards, each produced into two rounded 
lobes with a short dorsal space between them ; three smaller 
lobes ovate, obtuse, mucronate. Petals in several series, 
spreading from the base, straight, gradually dilated up- 
wards, very narrowly spathulate, tip obtuse retuse or 
notched, often obliquely. Stamens shorter than the calyx, 
densely crowded. Stigmas five, subulate, from a very 
broad tumid base. — J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, calyx and stamens ; 3, petals ; 4 and 5, stamens; 6, ovary with 
the sepals removed, and stigmas :— all enlarged. 







MS.ael.C.KR'tckMh: 



"favcprctBrooks.Day A- Son Imp- 



Tab. 6986. 
HELONIOPSIS japonica. 

Native of Japan and Corea. 

Nat. Old. Liliace-E. — Tribe Nabthecie.e. 
Genus Heloniopsis, A. Gray ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 827.) 



Heloniopsis japonica ; rhizomate crasso prsemorso, foliis rosulatis oblanceolatis 
sessilibus firmulis patulis, pedunculo foliis paucis valde reductis pracdito, floribus 
2—10 racemosis vel subumbellatis, pedicellis brevibus cernuis, bracteis parvis 
lanceolatis, periantbio campanulato segmentis oblanceolatis, staminibus 
periantbio aequilongis vel paulo longioribus, stylo staminibus longiori, 
seminibus utrinque caudatis. 

H. japonica, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Petrop. vol. vi. p. 211 ; Franch. et Savat. 
Fnum. Jap. vol. ii. p. 87 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 460. 

Scilla japonica, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 137; Icon. Dec. iv. t. 4; Kunth Enum. 
vol. iv. p. 330. 

Sugerokia japonica, Miquel in Ann. JUus. Lug. Bat. vol. iii. p. 345. 



This interesting plant has long been known to botanists, 
but the genus is now brought for the first time into culti- 
vation. It is spread widely in the mountains of Japan, its 
altitudinal range, according to Mr. Maries, being from two 
thousand to seven thousand feet above sea-level. It has 
lately been discovered in Oorea by Mr. W. R. Carles, and 
it is very likely that the Formosan H. umoellata> Baker, 
will prove to be only a geographical variety of the same 
species. It has the general habit of a large-flowered Scilla, 
to which genus it was originally referred by Thunberg, but 
the rootstock is not a bulb, the leaves are persistent and 
not fleshy in texture, and the small seeds are conspicuously 
tailed at each end, like those of a Narthecium or Pitcaimia. 
It appears to be perfectly hardy in England. It was 
brought home by Mr. Maries, and first flowered by Messrs. 
Veitch in the spring of 1881. Our drawing was made from 
a plant presented by Messrs. Veitch that flowered in the 
herbaceous pits at Kew in April, 1887. 

Descr. Rootstock short, stout, prasmorse, bearing nume- 
rous long cylindrical root-fibres. Leaves many in a basal 

maech 1st, 1888. 



rosette, sessile, oblanceolate, spreading, persistent, glabrous, 
moderately firm in texture, green tinged with purple. 
Peduncle as long as or longer than the leaves, bearing a 
few small adpressed rudimentary leaves. Flowers two to 
ten in a raceme, which is sometimes oongested into a co- 
rymb or an umbel ; pedicels cernuous, about as long as the 
flowers ; bracts small, lanceolate. Perianth campanulate, 
reddish, half an inch long ; segments oblanceolate, free to 
the base, spreading in the upper half when fully expanded. 
mens as long as or a little longer than the perianth- 
segments ; filaments cylindrical ; anthers oblong, versatile. 
Ovary globose; ovules many in a cell; style overtopping 
the anthers; stigma capitate. Capsule coriaceous, shorter 
than the persistent perianth-segments, split down to the 
base. Seeds small, very numerous, conspicuously tailed at 
both ends. — J". G. Bah 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of a flower ; 2, front view of a stamen ; 3, back view of a 
6tamen ; 4, entire pistil ; 5, horizontal section of ovary : — all inore or less enlarged. 



Tab. 6987. 
onosma ptramidalis. 

Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Boeagine.e. — Tribe Borages. 
Genus Onosma, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 864.) 



080SiiA.pyramidalis ; tota hispide hirsuta,foliis radiealibus nnmerosissimis rosulatis 
anguste lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis uninerviis, caule florente robusto ascen- 
dente pyramidatim ramoso foliaceo-bracteato bracteis ad basin ramorum sessili- 
bus lanceolatis 3-nerviis, ramis apices versus nutantes floriferis, floribus 
confertis pedicellatis pendulis, bracteis floriferis linearibus calyci subaequilongis, 
sepalis anguste lanceolatis acuminatis demum patentibus, corolla ellipsoidea 
ventricosa calyci subaequilonga tereti puberula coccinea basi intus annulo 
piloso instructa, ore contracto, dentibus minutis late triangularibus recurvis, 
squamis subquadratis truncatis barbatis, filaraentis basin fere corollse insertis 
filiformibus, antheris elongatis puberulis basi breviter 2-fidis et cohaerentibus, 
connectivo in appendicera breviusculam linearem truncatam producto, stigmate 
integerrimo. 



This fine plant, if not the type of a distinct genns, must 
stand by itself in the genns Onosma, from the other species 
of which it differs in the stamens inserted almost at the 
very base of the corolla, and in the minute entire stigma. 
The fruit is unfortunately unknown, but the nucules of the 
advanced ovary appear in no way to differ from those of 
an Onosma ; and there is no appearance of the sepals en- 
larging after flowering. From all the previously described 
Indian species 0. pyramidalis differs in its size and pyra- 
midally branched leafy habit, in the calyx cleft to the base 
into very narrow segments and with no tube at all, and 
the characters given above. It most closely resembles the 
0. bicolor, Benth., which has a similarly formed corolla, 
but is a very slender species, in which the cauline leaves 
are narrowed into a petioled base and the stamens inserted 
by very short filaments half-way up the corolla-tube. It 
is a very handsome plant, conspicuous for the bright scarlet 
of the flowers, which turn of a mauve purple as they 
wither. 

Seed of 0. pyramidalis were brought in 1885 by J. F. 
Duthie, Esq., F.L.S., Superintendent of the Government 

mabch 1st, 1888. 



Botanical Gardens, Saliarunpore, Upper India, who has 
also sent to Kew Herbarium specimens from rocks in the 
Kali valley, Kumaon, at an elevation of 8-9000 feet. The 
plant flowered at Kew in October, 1886; it is not hardy, 
and it ripened no fruit. 

Descr. TThole plant hispidly hirsute with white hairs, 
those on the upper surface of the leaves arising from rough 
tubercles. Radical leaves very numerous, rosulate, ten to 
twelve inches long, spreading, narrowly lanceolate, nearly 
an inch broad, acuminate, one-nerved, narrowed towards the 
base, bright green. Flowering stem, eighteen inches to 
two feet high, very stout, terete, pyramidally branched 
from the ascending base, leafy; leaves or bracts at the 
bases of the branches four to six inches long, sessile, lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, three-nerved, longer than the branches, 
which are erecto-patent with nodding short racemes of 
crowded flowers at their tips ; floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, 
about as long as the pedicels. Flowers drooping, pedicels 
as long as or shorter than the calyx. Sepals half an inch 
long, narrowly lanceolate, green, free to the base. Corolla 
about as long as the sepals, nearly ellipsoid, with a rather 
contracted truncate mouth, quite terete and sparingly 
pubescent, bright scarlet fading to lilac; lobes minute, 
very broad, recurved ; basal scales opposite the filaments, 
obovate, truncate, concave in front, bearded. Stamens in- 
serted close to the base of the corolla-tube, above a basal 
ring of short hairs, included ; filaments filiform, not dilated 
below ; anthers elongate, very shortly two-fid at the base 
with short truncate lobes ; cells linear, puberulous, as is 
the linear truncate prolongation of the connective, which 
is half the length of the cells. Ovary of four-rounded 
lobes ; style filiform, stigma quite simple. Nucules erect, 
ovoid, acute, hardly beaked, quite smooth. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Flowers ; 2, portion of base of corolla, scale and stamen ; 3, ovary and disk ; 
4, nucules -.—-all enlarged. 



M.S. del J.H.MdiJfQt 




6988 



Vincent Brooks, Bay & 



L Reeve &. C° London 



Tab. 6988. 
NYMPELEA (hybrida) kewensis. 

Garden Hybrid. 

Nat. Ord. Nymph jeace^:. — Tribe Nymphjeje. 
Genns Nymph^a, Linn.; (JBenth.et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 46.) 



Nymphjea keivensis, Hort. (hybrida inter N. Lotus, var. alha, fern., et N. 

devonientis, mas.). 
N. kewensis, Gard. Cliron. 1887, vol. ii. p. 366. 



The Botanigal Magazine lias very rarely indeed devoted 
a plate to a Garden Hybrid. Tins is from no want of 
appreciation of the interest of such productions in a 
scientific point of view, and still less from a failing to 
admire so many of these as beautiful and valuable con- 
tributions to the resources of horticulture. The reason is 
that there has always been a wealth of plants of greater 
interest in a botanical point of view claiming admission to 
its pages. In the present case, Nymphcea kewensis makes 
a special appeal to the indulgence of the Magazine, founded 
on the facts of its being a child of the Institution that 1ms 
contributed so overwhelming a number of plants to its 
volumes, and of its having attracted crowds of admiring 
visitors to the Water-lily house at Kew ;— thus recom- 
mending itself to perpetuation by a figure. 

Mr. Watson, the able cultivator and propagator of the 
Tropical houses at Kew, has drawn up forme the following 
history of the hybrid : — 

"This is the result of a cross made at Kew in 1885 
between X. Lotus, which has pure white flowers, and N. 
devoniensis, in which the flowers are deep red, the former 
being the female parent. The difference between this and 
.V. devontensis (itself a hybrid) is in colour, N. kewensis 
being rosy red, except the lower part of the petals, which 
is almost white; the apex of the petals too is broader and 
more rounded, and the stamens are narrower and almost 
orange in colour. Some of the flowers were nine inches in 

AfBiL 1st, 1888. 



diameter, and they ivmained open for several hours after 
noon, when all the section are closed. The plant 

flowers very freely and continuously from May till 
Xovember. I have tried several times to hybridize species 
of the stellata section of Nymphcea with the Lotus section, 
but have always failed." 

A comparison of the plate of X. i at tab. 4665 

of this work, with that of X Lotus, t. 797 (a small flowered 
state), corroborates the evidence which Mr. Watson gives 
of the hybrid origin of the X. Is. With regard to 

the supposed hybridity of X <■ m which is said to 

be a cross between N. rubra, Roxb., and N. Lotus, there is 
much to be cleared up. In the " Flora Indies" (i. p. 241) 
Dr. Thomson, whose knowledge of the Indian forms of 
Nympfcm in India itself cannot be disputed, after a very 
prolonged study of these with me, arrived at the conclusion 
that X Lotus, L., and X rubra, Roxb., were varieties of 
one, distinguishable only by colour ; and that X dc.vonlensis 
was a large deeper red form of the latter, and is common 
m tanks and still waters near Calcutta. Further, when it 
is remembered that X Lotus is white-flowered and X rubra 
a pale red, it is incomprehensible that the result of crossing 
these should be the intensifying the red of the petals of 
rubra in a most extraordinary degree, the introducing into 
its scapes and petioles a dark maroon brown colour, and 
the replacing the pale and dark green stripes of its sepals 
by red and brown ones. I would refer those desirous of 
pursuing this subject to the discussion on X Lotus in the 
•' Flora Indica " already referred to, where the contradictory 
published accounts of the supposed Indian and African 
species allied to rubra, Lotus, pubescens, &c, the vagueness 
ot the characters ascribed to them, and the varieties that 
occur m India from any one form assumed to be typical, 
are all detailed. — /. D. H. 



,,lJ)"'h l ™ ertlon °, f P etioIe on base of leaf; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, top of ovarj :— 
all hut Jig. 1 somewhat enlarged. 



Tab. 6989. 
BRODLEA (Triteleia) Howellti. 

Native of the Western United States. 



Rat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Bbodma, Smith ; {Benih. et Eoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 800.) 



Bkodijea. (Triteleia) Hoicellii ; bulbo parvo globose, foliis- 2 radicalibus linearibiis 
glabris viridibus facie canaliculars, scapo gracili 1-2-pedali, nmbellis 4-8- 
floris, bracteis pluribus pawis lanceolatis membranaceis, pedicellis flore sub- 
aequilongis, perianthio albido vel pallide lilacino, segmentis oblongis obtusis 
viridi earinatis, tubo late infundibulari paulo brevioribu?, antlieris omnibus 
perfectis filamentis brevibus insequalibus, ovario stipitato, stylo brevi. 

B. Howellii, & Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xiv. (Contr. ix.) p. 301. 



This is a new species of Lindley's genus Triteleia, which 
in my monograph of the gamophyllous Liliaeeas, published 
in 1871 in the eleventh volume of the Journal of the 
Linnean Society, I reduced to Milla, but which Mr. 
Bentham, following Dr. Sereno Watson, has placed under 
Brodicea. The essential difference between Triteleia and 
the original Brodiasas of Smith is that in the latter three 
of the anthers are suppressed, whilst here all the six are 
fully developed. Since the publication of my paper several 
new species have been discovered in California and the 
Western United States. The present plant is allied to B. 
laxa and B. peduncular is, both of which are tolerably 
familiar to English cultivators, though neither of them 
has yet been figured in the Botanical Magazine. B. Ho- 
wellii was discovered in Washington territory, by the 
collector whose name it bears, in the year 1879. Our 
drawing was made from a plant flowered in the south-west 
of Ireland by Mr. W. E. Gumbleton last April. 

Descr. Bulh globose, half an inch in diameter; outer 
tunics thin, brown, splitting into long threads at the top. 
Leaves two, linear, radical, contemporary with the flowers, 
bright green, glabrous, channelled down the face, about a 
foot long. Peduncle slender, terete, fragile, sometimes 
flexuose, one or two feet long. Flowers four to eight in 
an umbel, white or pale lilac ; spathe-valves several, small, 

apsil 1st, 1888. 



lanceolate, membranous; pedicels about as lono- as the 
flowers, articulated at the apex. Perianth halt or three- 
quarters of an inch long ; segments obloiur, obtuse, keeled 
with green, rather shorter than the broadly funnel-shaped 
tube. Stamens inserted at the throat of the perianth-tube; 
anthers all perfect, those opposite the outer segments with 
a very short, those opposite the inner segments with a 
longer filament. Ovary oblong, distinctly Btipitate ; ovules 
about six m a cell ; style short; stigma capitate. Fruit a 
capsule.— J. G. Bal 



<* f; l ^l 1 ' Se / t / !onoflea f ; 2 ' f J ower °P entd ««*i «ith two .e-ments taken away 
3, pistil : — all more or less enlarged. 



esdo. 




M.S.dt 



. Reeve &.C* London 



iks,Day& 



Tab. 6990. 
MASDEVALLIA gibbeeosa. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe Epidendre.e. 
Genus Masdevallia, Ruiz 4" Po». ; {Benth.et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 492.) 



Masdetallia (Verrucosa}) giltberosa ; folio coriaceooblongo-obovato v. -lanceolato 
obtuso in petiolum attenuate, pedunculo elongato gracili racenii rachi pedicellis 
ovariisque verrucosis, raceino laxe paucifloro, bracteis appressis vaginantibus 
truncatis membranaceis, pedicellis gracilibus apice decurvis multo brevioribus, 
sepalis lateralibus e basibus connatis liberis borizontaliter patentibus obloogia 
in caudas filit'ormes lamina carnosa flava rubro-punctata sequilongis productis, 
dorsali galeato ascendente costato in caudam rubram multoties longiorem 
erectam producto, petalis minutis oblique oblongis obtusis, labello incluso 
obovato-oblongo margine serrulato lobis lateralibus angustis erosis terminali 
parvo obcordato serrulato, columna gracili apice alata. 

M. gibberosa, Reichb.f. in Oard, Cliron. N. S. vol. v. (1876) p. 8. 



A very singular species, described by Eeichenbacli (in 
1876) as the fourth of the section Verrucoses, but with the 
sepals of the Echidna group, and the lip of the Verrucosa?. 
It appears to be the only figured species of the section, the 
others being M. verrucosa, Eeichb. f., M. Echidna, Reichb. f., 
and M. ochthodes, Reichb. f., all natives of Venezuela. As 
with other members of the genus, the floral characters are 
very difficult of description, each member being bizarre in 
form, position and direction. In the present species the 
lip is especially puzzling to describe, and its structure is 
not well shown in the accompanying di'awing. Reichenbach 
says of it, " The minute lip is quite exquisite, and contrasts 
very strongly with the plump broad rhomboid yellowish 
petals," and in the Latin diagnosis he describes it as linear, 
and as if divided into three members by two strictures, an 
entire angled narrow hypo chile, a rounded serrate meso- 
chile, with an oblique square lamella on each side, serrated 
at the back, and a rounded serrate epichile. I have care- 
fully dissected the lip of this plant, and have described 
below its appearance, which differs a little from Reichen- 

ArKiL 1st, 1888. 



bach's characters, though do inure than may fairly be put 
down to variations from a type common to both, 

M. gibbi rosa is a native of New Grenada, whence it was 
sent to Messrs. Witch by their collector, Mr. Wallis. The 
species here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens in 
March, 1870. Though not one of the showy species, it has 
the advantage of flowering nearly all the year round. 

Desce. Kootstock slender, creeping. Leaves solitary, 
three to five inches long including the petiole, coriaceous, 
oblong- obovate or lanceolate, obtuse, channelled ; nerves 
very obscure ; basal sheath short, tubular ; petiole very 
variable in length. Peduncle six to ten inches long, slender, 
erect, bearing a lax erect raceme of four to eight distant 
flowers, surface covered with warts as are the rachis of 
the raceme, pedicels and ovary; sheaths very few, distant, 
and bracts tubular, membranous, appressed, truncate ; 
pedicels half an inch long, deflexed at the tip; flowers two 
and a half to three inches across the lateral sepals. Dorsal 
»< pal boat-shaped, dull red with strong greenish ribs, 
ending in a filiform red tail five times as long as the lamina; 
lateral sepals connate to the middle of the blade in a 
concave green ribbed lamina, then each spreading out 
horizontally into a thick oblong yellow blade spotted with 
red which contracts into a narrow yellowish tail. Petals 
very small, rhomboidly oblong, yellow, two nerved, tips 
callous. Lip very small, one-eighth of an inch long, con- 
sisting of an oblong obovate lamina with serrulate edges, 
and a small serrulate terminal lobe ; the basal portion of 
the lamina is membranous and faintly three-nerved, the 
distal end is fleshy and granulate with a raised sausage- 
shaped fleshy callus towards either margin, and the terminal 
lobe is rounded-obcordate, and narrower than the lamina. 
Column slender, suddenly expanding into a winged mem- 
branous hood. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Portion of flower laid open, showing the bases of the dorsal and lateral 
sepals, lip and column ; 2, lip; 3, tip of ovaiy, petals and column ; 4, front view 
ol column ; 5, outer, aud 6, inner view of anther ; — all enlarged. 



6391 







"\5ncentBrodks..Dasra Sarin? 



I Reeve &. C° London 



Tab. 6991. 
CAUTLEYA lutea. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountain*. 

Nat Ord. Scitaminejs. — Tribe Zingibebe^:. 
Germs Cautleta, Boyle III. Bot. Himal. p. 361.) 



Cautleta lutea; gkberrima, caule gracili foliato, foliis lanceolatis caudato- 
acuminatis, vaginis ekmgatis, spica dissitiflora, bracteis catyci appressis, 
ealyce tubuloso gracili rubro-purpureo ore obtuse bidentato, corollce flavas tubo 
calyce longiore lobo postico erecto lineari-oblongo subacuto fornicato concavo, 
lateralibus oblcngis obtusis recurvis, staminodiis lateralibus erectis sepalo pos- 
tico parallels et eo subsimilibus sed paullo latioribus et obtusis, labelio petalis 
sequilongo alte bilobo, lobis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, anthera linear! apiee 
obtuse 2-lobo connectivo basi loeulis sequiloDgo deorsum dilatato obtuse 2-lobo, 
capsula globosa carnosula valvis 3 recurvis, seminibus angulatis, arillo brevi. 

Cautleya lutea, Boyle I. c. 

Roscoea gracilis, Smith in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 460; Horanin. Brodr. 
Jifonogr, Scit. p. 21. 

E. lutea, Boyle I. c. 361, t. 89, f. 2. 



In 1839 Dr. Boyle, in his Illustrations of Himalayan 
Plants, published and figured the Roscoea gracilis of Smith 
under the name of lutea, not having recognized its identity 
with the previously published plant. Under his description 
of it he observes that he had formed it into a distinct 
genus, under the name of Cautlea (an error for Cautleya), 
in compliment to his friend Captain Gautley, F.G.S., but 
in deference to the opinion of botanical friends, he had 
referred it to Roscoea. Royle gives no reason for having 
formed of this plant a new genus, and his botanical friends, 
on advising him to suppress it, were no doubt aware that 
both itself and several other very closely allied plants were 
included in Roscoea by Smith and others. Bentham (Gen. 
Plant, iii. 641) remarks of Eoyle' s Cautlea that it forms a 
section of Roscoea, or almost a new genus, with flowers 
(always?) yellow in an exserted spike, the corolla-tube hardly 
exceeding the calyx, the ovary short and broad, and the 
capsule globose with three coriaceous valves that becoming 
reliexed expose the seeds, which are retained by the fleshy 
placenta. Having collected and examined several species of 

apbil 1st, 1888. 



this section in the Himalaya, as also of the purple-flowered 
ion with a Blender ovary and capsule (see R. purpurea^ 

Smith, Tab. 4630), I have no hesitation in believing that 
Boyle's genus should be retained ; and I do this with the 
greater pleasure, because the name commemorates the 
person and services of an old friend, and one of the most 
distinguished officers of the Honourable East India Com- 
pany's Service, Major-General Sir Proby Cautley, F.R.S., 
of the Bengal Engineers, the Engineer of the Ganges Canal, 
and joint author with Dr. Falconer of the most magnificent 
of all geological works, the " Fauna Antiqua Sivalensis." 

C. lut a is a common plant in the Himalaya at elevations 
of 5000 to 8000 feet from Kashmir to Bhotan, and it also 
occurs on the Khasia Mountains at 5000 to 6000 feet. The 
specimen here figured is from plants raised at Kew from 
seed sent by C. B. Clarke, Esq., K.Ii.S., which flowered in 
August of last year. The fruit ripened a month later. 

Descr. Stems eight to eighteen inches high, tufted, erect 
from the rather swollen rooting base, leaf? all the way up. 
Leaves five to ten inches long, narrowly lanceolate with a 
slender tip, bright green above, paler or suffused or streaked 
with red-brown beneath ; sheaths long and slender, green, 
often striped with dark red. Spike four to eight inches 
high, shortly exserted from the uppermost leaf-sheath ; 
rachis slender, stiff, purplish red; flowers rather remote; 
bracts shorter than the calyx, appressed to it, subacute, 
green or red-purple ; flowers one and a half to two inches 
long from the base of the calyx to the tip of the dorsal 
sepal. Calyx tubular, red-purple, two-fid. at the mouth. 
Corolla golden yellow ; tube exserted. Sepals linear-oblong, 
obtuse, concave, dorsal erect, lateral reflexed. Lateral 
staminodes like the dorsal sepal, erect, tips incurved. Lip 
two-lobed, lobes oblong acute. Filament very short and 
broad; anther-tip obtusely notched, connective produced 
below into a dilated two-lobed appendage. Capsules one- 
third of an inch in diameter, globose, fleshy, red-brown ; 
valves three, broad, reflexed. Seeds angular, blue-black ; aril 
cupular, shorter than the seed.— /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Calyx and style; 2 and 3, stamen; 4, ovary and stylodes ; 5, stigm*; 
6, hinting spike; 7, seeds with, and 8. without the aril -.—all but fig. 6 enlarged. 



6392 







Tab. 6992. 
abies nobdmanniana. 

Native of Asia Minor. 



Nat. Ord. Conifers. — Tribe Abietine.e. 
Genus Abies, Juss. (in part) ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 441.) 



Abies Nordmanniana ; arbor excelsa, coma pyramidali, ramis horizontalibus ver- 
ticillatis inferioribus deflexis, foliis in ramulos steriles crebris, aliis distichis 
patulis, aliis decumbentibus subimbricatis, omnibus linearibus planis apice 
retusis supra saturate viridibus vix sulcatis subtus uni-costatis albo-bilineatis, 
foliis in ramulos amentiteros curvis ascendentibus erectisve, amentis sessilibus 
elliptico-oblongis cylindraceisve, bracteis e basi oblonga spatbulatis cuspidatis 
exsertis reflexis, squamis e basi brevi cuneata reniformibus secus marginem 
puberulis, seminis ala cuneata nucleo subduplo breviore. 

A. Nordmanniana, Spach Hist. Nat. Pha?ierog. ii. 418 ; Carriere Conif. p. 203; 
Henkel # Hochst. Conif. p. 173 ; Regel Gartenfl. vol. xx. (1871) p. 259, 
t. 699 ; Boiss. FL Orient, vol. v. p. 703. 

Picea Nordmanniana, Loud . Encycl. PL p. 1042, fig. 1950. 

Pinus Nordmanniana, Steven in Bull. Soc. Mosq. 1838, p. 45, f. 2 ; Antoine Conif. 

t. 22, f. 2 ; Endl. Syn. Conif. p. 93. 
P. Abies, Parlat. in DC. Prodr. xvi. ii. 421 (in part). 
? P. Picea, var. leioclada, Steven; Ledeh. FL Ross. vol. iii. p. 669. 
? P. Picea, Pall. FL Boss. vol. i. p. 7. 



A. Nordmanniana belongs to a group of five closely 
allied European and West Asiatic Silver-firs, the limits of 
which are not yet well defined. Of these the type is A. 
pectinata, Link, the common Silver-fir, which extends from 
the centre of France eastwards to middle Russia, and re- 
appears in Macedonia and Greece, extending to Anatolia 
in the extreme east of Asia Minor, and according to 
Ledebour also in the Caucasian districts of Imeretia and 
Ossatia. A. Apollonis, Link, with its varities Panachaica 
and Begince Amelice, is confined to the mountains of Greece 
and Macedonia. A. cephalonica, Link, is more restricted 
still, being found only in the small island whose name it 
bears. Both these last are considered as forms of A. 
pectinata by Heldreich, the most competent authority by 
far on Greek botany. A. cilicica, Antoine and Kotschy, 
is the most southern species, being confined to the Taurus 
and Anti-Taurus Mountains in Ancient Cilicia, and to the 
Lebanon ; it is the only Levantine species, and differs re- 
markably from all the above, and from the following in the 
retrorsely hooked angles of the scales. Lastly, there is 

APEIL 1st, 1888. 



-I. Nordmanniana, to which the geographical limits assigned 
by Boissier are all in the mountains towards the east and 
south-east shores of the Black Sea, including the south- 
w. -urn spurs of the Caucasus (the provinces or districts of 
Trebizond, Armenia, Guriel and Imeretia). 

It is obvious that, according to the above data, which I 
have obtained from the most reliable sources, the limits of 
some of these species overlap in a remarkable manner, and 
which, seeing how difficult their discrimination is, suggests 
the probability of the localities assigned to some of them 
being erroneous. Thus, in the southern Caucasus, A. pec- 
tinaia and Nordmanniana are said to occur in the same 
provinces, which is very unlikely to be the case ; and I 
hence suspect that the Caucasian A. pectinata, which is 
referred by Ledebour to a variety of that species with 
glabrous branches, is really A. NoramannianO, and if so, 
Pallas is its discoverer in the last century. Again, the 
Macedonian and Greek localities for P. pectinate being 
those also inhabited by A. ApoUonis, suggests that the 
latter tree was taken for A. pectinata, What the Ana- 
tolian A. pectinata is may be doubtful, and it would be 
very interesting to ascertain. I do not overlook the fact 
that the Crimea has been quoted as a locality for A. Nord- 
manniana, and that it is hence often called the Crimean 
Silver-fir, but I know of no certain authority for this 
locality and name. Nor is it known to me whether any 
Silver-fir inhabits the Crimea. The nearest ally of all 
these species is the AfFghan and Himalayan A. Webbiana, 
which approaches A. Nordmanniana more nearly than any 
of the more western species. 

A. Nordmanniana is a noble forest tree, attaining 150 
feet in height, with a trunk six feet in diameter ; it inhabits 
elevations of 2000 feet and upwards, growing with species 
of Conjlus, Carpinus, Gornus, Philadelphia, and other Euro- 
pean trees. It is one of the later introductions into Britain, 
and is by far the freest grower of the western Silver-firs, 
thriving in soils and situations where none of the others 
succeed. The cone-bearing branch figured is from the 
grounds of H. C. Rothery, Esq., of Kibsden, Bagshot ; 
the smaller ellipsoid cone is from a native specimen. — 
J.D.H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf ; 2, section of do. ; 3, ventral, and 4, dorsal view of scales ; 5, bracts ; 
t> and /, seeds (imperfect) -.—all but fig. 2 of the natural size. 



6993. 










L R««vo 



Tab. 6903. 

DENDROBIUM clavaitm. 
Native of tin Himalaya and Aaam. 

Nat. Ord. OucHiDEiE.— Tribe Ei'ini 
Qenaa Dendbobh-m. Swarf*/ [lit nth. <■( Hook./. tit,,. /'/. vol. Hi. p. IUH.) 



hi nm;m:MM (Staclivuliimn) rtunilnw ; i"iuliluin I'lnti^atis n.linstis miI.m' 

perne Poliosis, internodiu taratibu raginii mbappreafit fate obteetia, fbliia 
ooriaoeia oblongia oblongo-lanceolatUvo obtnais, raosmia lateralibu« plurifloria, 
pedanoulo ocbre&a tranoatii raginato raehiqm robosto, bnoteia oblongi*, 

Horibui 2-3 ]M)1I. di.nn., senilis oblODgil p<-t :ili-« |U<- fen ort -icu I -it is obttnia 

aurast iacia, labeUo infra medium tabuloao dein la lafninam orbieularem iaboam< 

panulatam dilatato aurco intM tMgnineo, OW dilatato patanta etanulato fatal 

tomentoao, masajfaubui cbaevn bbatia fimb riat o-oi i la t i a. 
D. davatam, Walk Cat N«>. 8004j UMLif Past. PI Gari. vol. (L p. 104, 
fig. L89; H'irhii.f. in Walp. Ann. fol vi. ].. 298. 



Tins magnificent species has never been described or 
figured in all its beauty as here represented, and yet it Is 

one of tin- curliest discovered of the golden Dendroh 
India, having been found by Wallich in Nepal in L821, and 
subsequently by his collectors in Silhet. Unfortunately 
the specimens he distributed were not in flower, and the 
species was hence passed over by Lindley in his "Genera 
et species Orchidearuin." It was for some time Bupposed* 
to be a variety of J), moschatum. The first description of 
it is that in Lindley and Paxton's " Flower Garden, drawn 
ii]) from Assam specimens that flowered in England;" it is 
accompanied by a woodcut of the flower. Though baring 
a wide range in distribution it must be a rare species ; 
Strachey and Winterbottom found it in the North-Wesl 
Himalaya in the province Kumaon, west of Nepal, which 
i rhaps the westernmost limit reached l.y the vasl genus 

to which it. belongs, but it has not been recorded from 

Sikkim or Bhotan, and very few collectors havemef with 
it in Silhet or Assam. It must not be confounded with 
the h. clavatum of Roxburgh (It. sulcatum, Lindl., 

B much more common species, and to which, 

from its club-shaped stemj the specific name of elavaium 

MAY 1ST, 18^ 



far better applies. The specimen here figured flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in S ptember of last year; the plant 

sent from the Khasia hills by Mr. Gustav Mann, in 
1835, and flowers in Septemb 

Di: ms tufted, two to three feet long, pendulous, 

half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, tapering to- 
wards the tip ; internodes one and a half to two inches 
long, green, deeply grooved with rounded interstices, 
clothed nearly to the top with a membranous appressed 
truncate sheath. Leaves towards the ends of the stem, 
four to six inches long by one and a half broad, elliptic- 
oblong or -lanceolate, obtuse, deep green, coriaceous. 

mes lateral, about six-flowered ; peduncle stout, clothed 
with obliquely truncate lax ochrese, about three-quarters of 
an inch long, the upper largest; rachis stout, curved; 
bracts two-thirds of an inch long, oblong, obtuse, concave, 
brown, deciduous ; pedicel and ovary one and a half inch 
long. Wlow&rs nearly three inches in diameter across the 
sepals, which are oblong, and as well as the much larger 
almost orbicular petals are spreading and bright orange 
yellow. Lip tubular at the base, with overlapping obscure 
lateral lobes, then expanding into an almost circular or 
reniform open limb with undulate shortly fimbriate sub- 
reflexed margins, inner surface densely tomentose, disk 
deep red-purple, margins broadly golden yellow. — X D. H. 



Fifj. 1, Column and lip; 2 column and mentum; 3, anther; 4, pollen ■.—all 
enlarged^ 






At 







Tar. 6994. 
ALLIUM Suwoitowr. 
Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 802.) 



Allium (Molium) Suworowi ; bulbo magno ovoideo, foliis 6-7 dense rosulatis 
ensiformibus pedalibus vel sesquipedalibus glauco-viridibus glabris flaccidis, 
scapo valido stricto tereti bipedali, floribus permultis lilacinis in umbellam 
densam globosam dispositis, spatba brevi valvis 1-2 ovatis pedicellis subsequi- 
longis, periantbii segmentis lanceolatis viridi vittatis flore expanso patulis, 
staminibus conformibus filamentis subulatis periantbio paulo longioribus, 
antheris parvis oblongis lilacinis, ovario stipitato globoso acute trigono, stylo 
elongate 

A. Suworowi, Hegel in Act. Sort. Petrop. vol. vii. p. 546 ; Gartenfl. 1881, 
p. 356, tab. 1062, figs. 4, 5 ; Allii Asia Cent. p. 82. 



This is another species of the group of tall Alliums with 
dense heads of mauve-purple flowers, of which two species, 
A. Macleani, tab. 6707, and A. gigaktbum, tab. 6828, have 
already been figured in the Botanical Magazine. In a 
recent memoir by Dr. Regel on the Alliums of Central 
Asia, he enumerates ninety-seven species as occurring 
between the Caspian Sea and Mongolia, and of these more 
than half are new species which have been discovered by 
the recent Russian explorers. The present plant is a 
native of the Kirghis Desert and the vicinity of Bokhara. 
It was introduced into cultivation by Dr. Albert Regel and 
named in compliment to Herr J. P. von Suworow, Medical 
Inspector of the province of Turkestan. Our drawing was 
made from a plant that flowered in the herbaceous ground 
at Kew in May, 1887, which was received from Max 
Leichtlin, and the plant was also flowered last summer by 
Professor M. Foster, F.R.S., at Shelford, near Cambridge. 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, large, simple. Leaves six or seven, 
arranged in a dense basal rosette, ensiform, a foot or a 
foot and a half long, an inch broad, rather glaucous green, 
flaccid, glabrous. Scape stout, terete, glaucous, stiffly 
erect, two feet long. Umbel very dense, globose, two or 

may 1st!, 1888. 



throe inches in diameter ; Bpathe broad, ovate, about an 
inch long, entire or bifid, green or tinged with red; pedicels 
about an inch lo! th dark mauve-purple, a 

quarter of an inch long ; segments lanceolate, keeled with 
green, spreading widely when fully expanded. Stamen* 
uniform ; filaments subulate, rather longer than the peri- 
anth segments; anthers small, oblong, mauve purple. 
/ stipitate, globose, acutely trigonous, not papillose ; 
style reaching up to the anthers; stigma minutely tri- 
cnspidate. — J. '/'. Bah r. 



I iir. 1, The whole plant, much redic _. leaf; tig. 3, umbel, and apex of 

scape, both life-size; fig. 4, an entire flower; figs. 5 and C, stamens; tig. 7, 
pistil : — all more or less enlarged. 



cd% 




L Reeve Clor.dan. 



Tab. 6995. 
alpinia officinarum. 

Native of South China. 



Nat. Ord. Scitamine.e. — Tribe Ziitgibere^:. 
Genus Alpinia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Koolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 648.) 



Alpinia officinarum ; rhizomate crasso repente, caule basi tuberoso erecto folioso-, 
foliis anguste lanceolatis caudato-acuminatis glaberrimis marginibus invissimis 
basi angustatis in vaginam sessilibus, vagina elongata in ligulam erectam 
elongatam producta, scapo terminali robusto erecto pubescente, spica simplici 
floribus sessilibus, ovario globoso tomentoso, calyce subcampanulato pubescente 
breviter obtuse 2-3-fido, corollse tubo calyce subduplo loDgiore lobisque lineari- 
oblongis obtusis albis apices versus ciliatis, staminodiis lateralibus calcarifonnibus, 
labello oblongo obtuso integro v. emarginato albo disco sanguineo-nervoso, 
filamento crasso, antherse loculis superne divaricatis. 

A. officinarum, Hance in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xiii. p. 6, and in Jburn. But, 
1873, p. 175 ; Benth. Sf Trim. Med. PL vol. iv. t. 271. 



The subject of this plate, the " lesser or Chinese 
Galangal," was formerly in great repute as an aromatic 
stimulant amongst the Arabs and Greeks, and formerly in 
Western Europe, but is now banished from the British 
pharmacopoeias. The plant that produced it was unknown 
to Botanists till 1867, when Mr. Sampson, accompanied by 
that excellent Botanist the late Dr. Hance of China, dis- 
covered it near the village of Tung-sai, on the peninsula of 
Lei-chau-fu, opposite the Island of Hainan (Lat. 20° N.), 
on which island also it has been found by the late Mr. 
Swinhoe. Roots alone were first obtained, apparently from 
a formerly cultivated spot, but the plant was subsequently 
found wild on the island of Hainan itself, and living and 
dried specimens were procured which enabled Dr. Hance 
to describe the plant with accuracy, and to determine its 
being a new species of Alpinia, to which he gave the name 
of officinarum; and he further identified it with that pro- 
ducing the " radix Galangae minoris " of pharmacists. 

Its nearest affinity is, as Dr. Hance has indicated, the 
well-known A. calcarata (Roscoe in Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 
viii. p. 347), which is well described in Roxburgh's Flora 

may 1st, 1888. 



Indies, and figured in Roscoe's Monandrian Plants, and I 

am by no means certain that .1. officinarum is not referable 
to that species, which was introduced from China into the 
Calcutta Botanical Gardens, and from thence into other 
Indian and English Gardens. Dr. Hance sums up th 
difference between A. officinaru m and A. calcarata as follows, 
the characters of the latter being taken from specimens so 
named, cultivated in the Paradeniya Botanical Gardens, 
and supplied to him by the late Dr. Thwaites. " A calca- 
rata ; dried rhizoma chestnut brown, furrowed ; cut surface 
brown ; colour stronger ; taste bitter, with a flavour of 
rhubarb ; leaves deep green, aromatic, not hot, ligula one 
quarter to one half of an inch, rounded or truncate ; ra- 
cemes compound ; flowers with an oblong bracteole ; lip 
yellowish with dark red veins. — A. officinarum, dried rhizome 
red-brown, finely striate ; cut surface rufous ; taste warm 
aromatic, of ginger, pepper, and camphor, very hot ; leaves 
lighter green, hot; ligule three-quarters to one and a 
quarter inch ; racemes simple, bracteole ; lip with no 
trace of yellow. 

Now Mr. Hance has sent to the Kew Herbarium, together 
with specimens of his A. officinarum, some of the very ones 
which Mr. Thwaites sent" him as A. calcarata, and upon 
which he instituted the above comparison ; and after a care- 
ful examination of the latter, I very much doubt its being 
Roscoe's plant of that name; for (what Dr. Hance does 
not remark) the leaf margins are spiculose-toothed, whereas 
those of A. calcarata as figured and described by Roscoe, 
(Monand. PI. t. 68) are like those of A. officinarum, per- 
fectly smooth ; moreover the ligule in Roscoe's figure is 
quite as long (fully an inch) as in A. officinarum. The 
racemes which are compound in Thwaites' plant, are (as in 
A. officinarum) simple spikes in Roscoe's figure and de- 
scription: In so far as I can determine the chief difference 
between Roscoe's and Hance's plant is the much larger 
flower of the former, which is one to one and a half inch 
long, and the darker coloured lip, suffused with yellow, 
and covered to the margins with red branching nerves. 
Of the differences depending on taste it is impossible to 
judge from dried rhizomes. With regard to the absence 
or presence of the bractlet of calcarata, which is described 
by Hance, it is, if present, overlooked by Roscoe, Roxburgh 



and Wight ; I suspect this may be accounted for by the 
fact that the flowers are produced in pairs, where the fall- 
ing away of one without its bract may leave two at the 
base of the remaining flower. In conclusion, I think it 
probable that more than one species is included under 
calcarata. Roxburgh's unpublished drawing (by error 
named Amomum spicatum) agrees fairly well with Roscoe's, 
as it should, for Roscoe no doubt received the roots from 
the Calcutta Garden ; it has an entire or 2-fid lip. The 
Globba erecta of Redoute (Lil. t. 174) referred by Roscoe 
and others to calcarata, has broader leaves and very 
luridly coloured flowers, with a 2-fid lip. The A. calcarata 
of the Botanical Register (t. 141), has broader strongly 
ciliate leaves with more divergent nerves and an orange 
yellow lip covered with red veins. "Wight's A. calcarata 
(Ic. tab. 2028) is possibly nutans, a name partially erased 
on the plate. Benealmia calcarata :■, Andrews (Bot. Repos. 
vol. vi. t. 421), is I think Roscoe's calcarata, with a badly 
coloured deep red lip. 

The specimen here figured was no doubt sent by Mr. 
Ford from the Botanical Gardens of Hongkong, and it has 
flowered annually for several years, in the Ecomia House 
at Kew, in the winter months. — J. D. H. 






Wts 


























re J1.C London 



Tab. 6996. 

DOUGLASIA LAEVIGATA. 

Native of the Alps of Oregon. 

Nat. Ord. Pbimulacej:. — Tribe PsiMULEiE. 
Genus Douglasia, Lindl. ; (Benth. et Haok. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 632.) 



Dotjglasia Icevigata ; caespitosa, glaberrima, foliis rosulatis oblongo- v. lineari- 
lanceolatis crassiusculis acutis obtusisve integerrimis, floribus umbellatis, 
umbellis 2-5-floris, involucri bracteis brevibus ellipticis ovatisve obtusis, pedi- 
cellis calyce duplo longioribus, calycis subcampanulati 5-fidi lobis ovatis 
ciliolatis, corollae tubo calyce subduplo longiore, lobis obovato-rotundatis 
integerrimis, ovario globoso stylo gracili. 

D. Ia3vigata, A. Gray in JProc. Amer. Acad. vol. xvi. p. 105, and Synopt. Fl. 
N. Amer. Ed. 2, vol. ii. part. ii. p. 400. 



Avery interesting plant, from bearing the name of one who 
has introduced into Europe more beautiful and interesting 
hardy Western American plants than any previous or 
subsequent collector, and whose protracted and perilous 
solitary journey across the continent of JSTorth America, 
when as yet travelling amongst the native tribes was 
dangerous in the extreme, was a memorable feat in the 
annals of Geography. One species of the genus alone had 
been previously figured, the D. nivalis, Lindl. (Bot. Beg. 
t. 1886, and Hook. Ic. PI. t, 180), upon which Lindley 
established the genus. This is also a native of the Rocky 
Mountains, where, on the Athabasca Pass, near Mounts 
Brown and Hooker in British Columbia, at an elevation of 
about 12,000 feet, it attracted the attention of Douglas by 
the patches of brilliant purple which it formed amidst 
surrounding snows. D. Icevigata differs remarkably in 
habit from D. nivalis in the umbellate flowers, which are 
also considerably larger, have broader corolla-lobes, and 
are also more pink than purple. The genus of which four 
species are described in Gray's Synoptical Flora of North 
America, is too nearly allied to the well-known EuropeaD, 
American and Himalayan genus Androsacey of which it has, 
as the above notice of B. nivalis shows, precisely the habit. 

may 1st, 1888. 



It differs chiefly in the longer corolla-tube, longer style 
and larger flowers. Indeed D. nivalis was first published 
as an Androsace by Graham in the Edinburgh Philoso- 
phicalJournal (July, 1829), a circumstance overlooked by 
Lindley, -who might otherwise have hesitated to found a 
new genus upon it ; this he did chiefly on the few-seeded 
capsule, a character now known to occur in Androsace. 
That the length of the corolla tube is a futile differential 
character is shown by one of the species, D. montana, A. 
Gray, having the tube barely equalling the calyx. D. 
laevigata is a native of the Rocky Mountains in Oregon, 
and the specimen figured which flowered in the Royal 
Garden in November of last year and again early in the 
present year. The seeds were received from Dr. Gray in 
1886, and the plant flowered early in the present year. 
It is perfectly hardy. 

Descr. A small densely tufted herb, glabrous, or with 
a very few scattered deciduous forked hairs. Leaves 
rosulate, bright green, one-half to three-quarters of an 
inch long, oblong or linear-lanceolate, acute or subacute, 
coriaceous, spreading. Peduncle about an inch long, stout 
erect. Involucral bracts four to six and a quarter of an 
inch long broadly ovate obtuse, bearing two or five- 
pedicelled flowers, and some reduced leaves and buds at 
the base of the pedicels, which are half an inch long. 
Calyx campanulate; lobes ovate, subacute, puberulous. 
Corolla tube about twice as long as the calyx terete not 
swollen ; limb rose-pink, one-third of an inch in diameter ; 
lobes very broadly obovate ; oral glands triangular. Sta- 
mens small, inserted below the mouth. Ovary globose ; 
style slender, stigma capitellate ; ovules many. — J.D. H. 



Ficr. 1, flower ; 2, calyx ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, ovary ; 5, placenta and ovules ; 
6, ovule : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 6997. 
PASSIFLORA violacea. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. PASSiFLOEEiE.— Tribe Passifloees. 
Genus Passifloea, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 810.) 



Passifloea (Decaloba) violacea; alte scandens, glabra, foliis subpeltatis petiolatis 
basi truncatis infra medium 3-lobis lobis divaricatis oblongo-lanoeolatis subacutis 
integerrimis reticulars, marginibus bic illic petioloque sparse glandulosis subtus 
glaucescentibus, stipulis 2 magnis foliaceis subdimidiato-oblongis subacutis, 
pedunculis axillaribus solitariis valde elongatis pendulis apices versus mcurvis, 
floribus suberectis, involucri triphylli bracteis foliaceis lanceolatis, floribus spe- 
ciocis, calycis tubo brevissimo basi profunde intruso, lobis oblongis intus 
coloratis calcare dorsali elongato viridi incurvo robusto terminatis, petahs 
oblongis obtusis pallide roseis, coronas setis multiserratis extimis petahs iere 
acquilongis violaceis apicibus albis, interioribus brevibus purpureis, toro brevi, 
filamentis crassiusculis, antheris magnis, ovario tomentoso, stigmatibus crassis 
clavatis. 

P. violacea, Vellozo Flor. Fluminensis, vol. ix. t. 84 {non Blasters in Mart. Fl. 
Bras.). Andre in Rev. Horticole, 1885, p. 468, cum. Ic. 



Hitherto this beautiful plant has been known only through 
the plate in the work cited above, which is a very cha- 
racteristic one. That figured and described under the 
same name by Masters in the " Flora Brasiliensis," vol. 
xiii. pi. i. p. 612, t. 123, and supposed to be conspecific, 
more resembles P. cornuta of the same work, and differs m 
the more membranous leaves, cordate at the base, with 
broader lobes, the lateral lobes ascending, and the mid-lobe 
having a tendency to dilate in the middle, as also in the 
much shorter peduncles, and shorter calycine spurs. Other 
near allies are P. Mooreana, Hook. (Plate 3773 of this 
work), a native of the Argentine Republic, and P. tucuma- 
nensis, plate 3636, both of which have, beside other 
differences, serrated leaves, shorter peduncles, smaller 
flowers, short calycine spurs and more simple coronas. 

P. violacea is supposed to be a native of Rio Janeiro, 
from whence there are presumably indigenous specimens in 
the Kew Herbarium sent by Mr. Glaziou, Director of 
Public Gardens in that city. The plant from which the 

MAT 1st, 1888. 



specimen here figured was taken, was purchased from the 
Nursery of Mr. Bruant of Poitiers, and flowered in the Palm 
House of Kew in September of last year. It is a very 
free-growing climber. 

Desce. A tall glabrous climber, with slender pendulous 
branches and branchlets. Leaves three to five inches across 
the lateral lobes, petioled, subpeltate, trifid to below the 
middle, base truncate, lobes oblong-lanceolate acute, all 
narrowed from the base to the tip, the lateral diverging 
nearly at right angles with the mid-lobe, margins quite entire 
but with a few scattered glands, upper surface dull pale 
green, under a paler bluer green, rather glaucous ; petiole 
one to one and a half inch long, terete, smooth except for 
a few scattered glands ; stipules foliaceous, oblong-ovate, 
subacute, unequal-sided, one side produced below into a 
rounded auricle, coloured like the leaves ; tendrils strong. 
Peduncles solitary from the same axils as the leaves and 
tendrils, one-flowered, six to eight inches long, slender, 
pendulous, upcurved towards the lip, thus bringing the 
flower to an erect position. Involucral hracts three, about 
an mch long, erect, very unequal sided, the larger produced 
downwards into an auricle. Flowers three inches in 
diameter, very shortly pedicelled above the involucre. 
(jalyz-tvbe very short, terete, deeply intruded at the base, 
constricted a little below the bases of the lobes ; lobes 
lmear-oblong, concave, obtuse, pale pinkish lilac with a 
very broad green herbaceous dorsal centre that ends below 
the lip in an incurved green terete spur an inch long. 
Petals like the sepals without the green back and spur. 
Corona of innumerable filaments in many series, the outer 
of which are nearly as long as the petals, white at the base, 
then violet with white tips, the inner are much shorter and 
purple. Torus short cylindric. Filaments short, very thick, 
and like the short clavate styles as green spotted with 
purple. Ovary tomentose— J. D. H. 



+w!L^ Se( ? i0n A f fl01,V ? r with the se P als and P^als removed ; 2 and 3, portion of 
tne corona ; 4 and 5, anthers :— all enlarged. 




6998. 






L Reeve & C° London. 



Tab. 6998. 
CATASETUM Bukgekotm. 

Native of Venezuela. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^e. — Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus Catasetum, Richard; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol.iii. p. 551.) 



Catasetttm Bungerothi ; pseudobulbis breviusculis cylindraceis v. fuaiformibua 
sulcatis, foliis elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis, raoemii rnultifloris, floribua 
amplis concoloribus eburneis pallide stramineis v. aureis labelli basi ocli>-aceo, 
sepalis oblongis petalisque paullo majoribus obovato-oblongis abrupte oandato- 
acuminatis, labello maximo explanato orbiculari transverse oblongo v. Bub- 
triangulari, basi truncato-cordato breviter obtuse calcarato, columnar ramia 
crasse subulatis, anthera in cornu porrecto producta. 

C. Bungerothi, N. E. Br. in Lindcnia, vol. ii. p. 21, tab. 57; Gard. Chron. Ser. 
3, vol. i. (1877), p. 139, cum Ic. Xylog.; Em. Bodigas in L'lllust. Sortie. 
1887, p. 31, t. 10; Lindenia, vol. iii. p. 19, t. 104 (var. Pottsianum), and 
p. 43, t. 116 (var. aureum). 



This very striking plant was first made known by Mr. 
N. E. Brown's description, published in 188G, and drawu 
up from very imperfect materials sent by M. E. Bungeroth 
(Collector for the Compagnie Continentale d s Horticulture), 
from Venezuela. These consisted of dried specimens and 
a sketch, a reproduction of which accompanies the descrip- 
tion in Lindenia, and which giving, as these did, very 
certain proofs of the remarkable character of the species, 
excited great interest in the Horticultural world. In 
January," 1887, a more complete description and figure 
appeared in the "Gardener's Chronicle," supplied by a 
specimen that flowered in the collection of F. G. Tautz, 
Esq., of Studley House, Hammersmith^ In the article 
accompanying this description and figure, it is stated that a 
plant in full flower was shortly before sold in Stevens's 
rooms for fifty guineas. 

G. Bungerothi is subject to a good deal of variation, in 
the colour of the flower and form of the lip -and petals. 
In the original drawings and specimens that first bloomed 
in this country, the parts are all ivory-white, with the 
hollow of the spur ochreons, which colour is different on 
the lip around the mouth of the spur. In var. awrum the 

JUNE 1st, 1888. 



flowers are figured of a bright golden colour that must 
have a brilliant effect ; it is described as a very free flower- 
ing but not very vigorous form. Var. Pottsianum is 
figured with an ivory-white flower with a triangular lip, 
and dimidiate-lanceolate petals speckled with red, there 
are also a very few speckles of the same colour on the disk 
of the lip. 

The specimen here figured is from a purchased plant 
that flowered in the Royal Gardens in October of last year ; 
it differs from any of the varieties previously published in 
the pale greenish yellow of the flowers, and it wants the 
sharp toothlets or serratures on the margin of the lip 
which are represented in the " Gardener's Chronicle " figure, 
though there are traces of them. The flowers are slightly 
fragrant, and Mr. Brown informs me that as many as 
sixteen have been produced on one spike. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Column ; 2, anther ; 3 and 4, back and front view of the pollen masses 
strap and gland : — all enlarged. 



6399. 




1 Reeve &c D London.. 



Tab. 6999. 
KCEMPFERIA secunda. 

Native of the Assam Hills. 



Nat. Old. SCITAMINE-E. — Tribe ZlNGIBEBEiE. 

Genus Kcempfeeia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. Gil.) 

K(empferia secunda; caule erecto folioso, foliis membranaceis oblique ovato- 
lanceolatis caudato-acuminatis, spicis terminalibus sessilibus pauciflons, 
bracteis exterioribus vaginantibus in acumen sensim productis, calyce tubuloso 
fisso, corolla tubo gracili elongato, lobis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminate, sta- 
minodiis patentibus roseis, lateralibus oblongo-rotundatis obtusis, labello 
multo majore rotundato obtuse 2-fido, connectivo in laminam oblongam 
obtusam reflexam producto, fructu parvo ovoideo poljspermo, semmibus, 
oblongo-cylindraceis. 

Kcempferia secunda, Wall, in Roxb. Fl. Ind. vol. i. p. 19. 

Monolophus secundus, Wall. PI. As. Bar. vol. i. p. 24 ; Soraninov Prodr. 
Monogr. Scitam. p. 22. 



Wallich, in the Plantoe Asiatica Rariores, proposed _ for 
his Kcempferia secunda and several allied plants, a distinct 
genus, to be called Monolophus, distinguished from Kmmp- 
feria by its leafy stem, terminal few-flowered spikes, and 
the broad crest of the anther ; and the genus was taken 
up by Horaninov. Bentham has, however, rightly referred 
the species thus kept apart back to Koempferia, of which, 
indeed, they hardly form a section. 

K. secunda is a very common plant in the Khasia Moun- 
tains, south of the Assam Valley, at elevations of 3000 to 
4000 feet, where it grows in wet grassy and rocky places. 
The same, or a very closely allied species, occurs in Moul- 
mayne ; and a similar plant which may not differ specifically 
was found by the late Dr. Hance in the neighbourhood 
of the Buddhist Monasteries of Fi-loi-tsz, on the Canton 
River. It is not possible from dried specimens to identity 
absolutely these latter with K. secunda. Another quite 
distinct species abounds in the Khasia Mountains, and is 
also found in Sikkim ; it is the K. linearis, Wall. ; it has 
narrower leaves and a much narrower lip. w allien de- 
scribes the calyx of K. secunda as hairy, which is not the 

June 1st, 1888. 



case; and the appendage of the anther as lanceolate and 
acute, but it is oblong and obtuse in the live specimens, 
and in an analysis of the flower by Mr. Clarke. K. secumhi 
was raised from seeds sent by Mr. C. B. Clarke FRS 
iSS % ? hasia Moimtain s, Which arrived in January, 
ta * n( \ the P lants rai setf from them flowered at the end 
or September of the same year. 

. Descb. Stems m erect, loosely tufted, six to ten inches 
mgb, slender, simple, sub-cylindric, leafy all the way up. 
Leaves three to three and a half inches long, the lower 
sm Her, membranous, obliquely lanceolate or elliptic-lan- 
ceolate, caudate-acuminate, base narrowed, sessile on the 
sheath which is slightly compressed and terminates in a 
Droaci obtuse membranous appressed ligule, bright green 
above paler beneath; nerves five to six on each side, the 
midrib very slender. Spike terminal, few-fld. ; bracts three- 
quarters to one inch long, green, terete, oblong, narrowed 
into a slender apex ; bracteoles very small. Calyx tubular, 
slender, split above. Corolla-tube nearly one inch long, 
very slender, curved, reddish, lobes elliptic-oblong acumi- 
nate. Lateral staminodes broadly oblong or rounded, 
spreading and rather reflexed ; lip rounded, larger than both 
staminodes put together, shortly bifid or notched at the 
extremity Anther glabrous, connective - expanding into 
a reflexed ovate-oblong obtuse lamina as long as the cells. 
Iruit small one-fourth to one-third inch long, ovoid, 

fS a T Se ^ d " , 8 r eeds c y linc ^c-oblong, with an oblique 
thickened basal funicle.— J". D. II. 



VetJ;tIlZ\Z l l br ^ e0les ' £ t , he P etaI » ; d staminodes removed; 2, dorsal 
I ovary a^d st vloJfsfi "i* ^ °| li V ; A anther with the-connective rai'sed up ; 
^^r« M jVLt;^ St,gma; 7 ' frmt; 8 ' the same enlaced; 9, seed-.-all 



7000. 







VmcenlBrootci.Day 8c! 






Tab. 7000. 
HUERNIA asmka. 

Native of Zanzibar. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.e. — Tribe Stapelie.e. 
Genus Huernia, Br. ; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 784.) 



HtrEBNTA asjrera ; caulibus decurnbentibus v. declinatis, ramis adscendentibus 
cjlindraceis laevibus glabenimis 5-6-sulcatis interspatiis convexis, foliis 
minutis remotis dentiformibus, cymis sessilibus 2-3-floris, bracteis subulatis, 
pedicellis corolla brevioribus, sepalis lineari-subulatis patentibus, corolla cam- 
panulata intus saturate purpurea, lobis brevibus deltokleis acuminatis, corona? 
exterioris lobis o brevibus, interioris lobis subulatis antheris paullolongioribus. 

H. aspera, iV. E. Brown in Gard. Citron. 1887, vol. ii. p. 364. 



This little plant is interesting as being a tropical 
African member of a genus that has hitherto been known 
to occur only in South Africa. About a dozen species are 
described, most of which were first published long ago as 
Stapelias, from which genus Huernia was separated by 
Brown on account of its campanulate corolla. In the 
early years of this century, when succulents were favourite 
objects of culture, about half-a-dozen kinds of Huernia 
were known, and of these five are figured in the early 
numbers of this Magazine. These are enumerated under 
H. brevirostris, N. B. Br. (tab. 6379), which, with If. oculata, 
N. E. Br., are more recent 'additions. The above all 
closely resemble Stapelia in habit, and occur in the head- 
quarters of the tribe, which is the western districts of 
South Africa. H. aspera, on the other hand, not only inhabits 
a very distant and far different latitude and climate from 
these, but differs from them greatly in habit, which re- 
sembles a good deal that of the North African and Sicilian 
representative of the Stapeliea, the Boucerosia Gussoniana 
(Apteranthes Gusso?iiana, Tabl. 5087). 

H. aspera was sent from Zanzibar by Sir John Kirk in 
1886, and is no doubt a native of that island or of the 
opposite coast. The plant flowered in the Eoyal Gardens 
m September, 1887. 

-Desce. Stems straggling, procumbent, purplish brown, 

JUNE 1st, 1888. 



with ascending divaricate green cylindric or fusiform 
branches, one and a half to four inches long ; branches 
about half an inch in diameter, with five or six furrows, 
separated by rounded ridges. Leaves minute, tooth-like, 
distant, horizontal or recurved. Flowers few, in a sessile 
cyme ; bracts subulate, and short pedicels dark purple. 
Sepals linear-subulate, greenish or purple, spreading. 
Corolla nearly one inch in diameter and as long, campanu- 
late; lobes very short, broadly triangular, acute, sinus 
very shallow, with a central tooth, outer surface roughly 
papillose, pale purplish with broad dull veins ; inner surface 
very dark purple, clothed with pointed papilla?. Column 
very short ; outer corona of five broad short truncate very 
dark lobes ; inner of five oblong-lanceolate yellowish erect 
incurved obtuse lobes, shortly produced beyond the 
anthers. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Base of column with sepals and corona; 2, column ; 3, column with the 
five inner lobes of the corona removed ; 4 and 5, pollinia : — all enlarged. 



7007. 




Vmce^TWsT^ ^ 



L.Recve&C London.. 



Tab. 7001. 

palicourea nicotian^lfolia. 

Native of Brazil. 



Nat. Ord. Kcbiace^:. — Tribe Psychotbie^. 
Genus Palicoueea, Aublet ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 125.) 



Palicoueea discolor; tota foliis supra esceptis subtiliter tomentellis, ramis 
teretibus, foliis oppositis elliptico-lanceolatis utrinque acumiuatis basi in 
petiolum breviusculum angustatis, costa subtus nervisque 12-15-jugis validis, 
stipulis utrinque geminis subulatis, thyrso erecto contracto multifloro, racbi 
purpureo, bracteis minutis, floribus breviter pedicellatis, pedicello apice incras- 
sato, calj-cis puberuli dentibus brevibus minutis, corolla cylindracea puberula 
flaya lobis brevibus triangularibus rubro marginatis, tubo recto intus infra 
basin fllamentorum villoso, staminibus medio tubo insertis, filamentis brevibus, 
antheris linearibus inclusis, ovario 2-loculari, ovulis loculis solitariis erectis, 
disco hemispherico, bacca immatura parva suborbiculari compressa sulcata 
purpurea puberula 2-sperma. 

P. nicotiansefolia, Cham. Sf Schlecht. in Linnaa, vol. iv. (1829), p. 18; DC. 
Proilr. vol. iv. p. 529. 

P. discolor, Sort, 

The genus Palicourea embraces a host of tropical 
American plants, of which the Brazilian species only are 
well named. Unfortunately the fascicle of the grand work 
of Martius, in which these last are described, is at the book- 
binder's, and will, I fear, not be returned to the Library 
before this page must go to press. I have no hesitation, 
however, in referring this plant to P. mcotiancefolia, a 
species first sent to Europe by the Brazilian traveller, 
Sellow, and very carefully described by Ohamisso in the 
Linnasa. There are specimens of it in the Kew Herbarium, 
collected by Burchell in several places, at Rio by Miers 
and Glaziou, and it is the No. 2603 of the catalogue of the 
latter collector. It resembles many other species of Brazil, 
Guiana, the West Indies and Central America, but is dis- 
tinguished, besides the form and nervation of the leaves, 
by the stipules, the very fine tomentum of all parts but the 
leaves, the narrow thyrsus, the minute calyx, straight 
tubular corolla with a ring of villi obscurely disposed in 
pencils below the middle of the corolla-tube. In some 

juke 1st, 1888. 



specimens the tips of the anthers are exserted, in others the 
style, whence it may be assumed that the flowers are more 
or less dimorphic. The leaves in the cultivated plant are 
rather narrower than in the common Brazilian form. The 
specimen here figured has been for some years at Kew, and 
all tradition of its origin is lost. It flowers in the month 
of September. 

Descb. A shrub ; branches terete or very obscurely 
angled ; all parts but the upper surface of the leaves clothed 
with a very fine tomentum. Leaves opposite, five to nine 
inches long, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong, two to three inches 
broad, acuminate, rather membranous, bright green above, 
yellow green below with twelve to fifteen pairs of stout 
arching nerves, which as well as the stout midrib are reddish, 
the nerves above are yellow ; cross nervules very faint ; 
base narrowed into a petiole a quarter to half of an inch 
long; stipules two on each side of the petiole, subulate, 
erect, united at the distant bases. Thyrsus terminal or 
from the upper axil, four to seven inches long, contracted, 
erect or inclined ; peduncle stout, terete, and rachis and 
branches red ; bracts subulate, deciduous. Flowers two- 
thirds of an inch long, shortly pedicelled, pedicel swollen 
beneath the small pubescent calyx. Calyx-lobes triangular. 
Corolla tubular, quite straight, slightly swollen at the base, 
pale yellow, tomentose ; mouth hardly dilated, lobes short 
triangular margined with red ; tube with a row of long 
villi more or less collected in five pencils below the middle. 
Stamens five, inserted above the middle of the tube ; fila- 
ments very short, slightly hairy at the base; anthers 
slender. Ovary two-celled, subglobose, pubescent, crowned 
with a tumid hemispheric disk. Style slender, stigma 
obscurely two-lobed, ovules one erect in each cell. Drupe 
about one-third of an inch in diameter, subglobose, rather 
natteriedand broader than long, deeply grooved, dark purple. 

J* D. II. 



»&h*&Zs^jz3 " util ■ 4 - —» ]M *+ *•"«* tk " 



enlarged. 



7002. 




M.S.ael,JH Fitch 'nth 



Viac^tBrooksDay&SanJmp. 



L."Reeve&C LamdarL. 



Tab. 7002. 
cassia coquimbensis. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos.e. — Tribe CassiejE. 
Genus Cassia, Linn.; (Benth.et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 571.) 



Cassia (Chamaesenna) coquimbensis ; fruticosa, glabra v. tenuiter puberula, foliis 
eglandulosis, foliolis 4-6-jugis brevissime petiolulatis elliptico- v. obovato- 
oblongis apice rotundatis muticis v. mucronatis, stipulis subulatis, racemis 
laxifloris subcorymbosis, bracteis lineari-subulatis, floribus gracile pedicellatis 
aurantiacis, sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis raajoribns obovato-obcordatis 
minoribus obovato-oblongis, staminibus perfectis 7, 2 ceteris multoties longiori- 
bus, 5 minoribus filamentis subnullis, staminodiis parvis deformatis viridibus, 
legumine lineari recto complanato mucronato, seminibus valvis parallelis. 

C. coquimbensis, Vogel. Syn. Cass. p. 27 ; Benth. JRevis. Cassia in Trans. Linn. 
Soc. vol. xxvii. p. 540. 

C. flaccida, Clos. in Gay Flor. Cliil. vol. ii. p. 238. 

C. frondosa, var. /3, Hook. 8f Am. in Hook. Pot. Misc. vol. i. p. 210. 



This handsome species appears to be common in the 
neighbourhood of Coquimbo, whence specimens have been 
sent to Kew by many collectors. It belongs to a section 
of the genus that are chiefly tropical American, and dis- 
tinguished by the flattened 2-valved pods, with seeds 
parallel to the septum. Many are well worth cultivation, 
and some are almost hardy ; but the foliage being scanty, 
they are only effective when in flower. The genus contains 
no fewer than four hundred species. 

Tbe beauty of C. coquimbensis attracted the attention of 
Mr. Ball, F.R.S., when visiting Coquimbo in 1883; and 
who suggested the desirability of its being cultivated at 
Kew. Application for seeds was in consequence made to J. 
Crierson, Esq., H.B.M. Consul in Chili, who most obligingly 
procured seeds, which were received at the Royal Gardens 
in June, 1886 ; they were planted immediately on arrival, 
and the plants raised flowered in September, 1887. 

Desce. A shrub, glabrous or finely sparsely hairy on 
the branches and leaves beneath ; branchlets angled, her- 
baceous. Leaves two to four inches long, rachis angled ; 

June 1st, 1888. 



leaflets four to six pairs, one-third to two-thirds of an inch 
long, sessile, elliptic- oblong or almost rounded, apiculate, 
pale green ; nerves four to five pairs ; stipules subulate. 
Cymes axillary, many-fld., subcorymbose ; pedicels one to 
one and a half inch long, bracts minute. Flowers one and 
a half inches in diameter. Sepals oblong, obtuse, green, 
about half the length of the bright orange-yellow petals. 
Dorsal petal obcordate, rather the largest, two lateral 
broadly obovate, two anterior smallest obovate-oblong. 
Stamens seven, two with incurved filaments as long as the 
petals and incurved linear anthers ; five much smaller at 
the base of the longer, with subsessile straight oblong 
obtuse anthers ; staminodes subclavate, two-lobed, green. 
Ovary pubescent. Pod about four inches long, more than 
half an inch broad, stipitate, flattened, margined, smooth, 
acute at the base, mucronate at the tip. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Base of leaf, leaflets and stipules ; 2, stamen and pistil ; 3 and 4, anthers 
of larger stamens ; 5, a small stamen ; 6 and 7, staminodes ; 8, pod : — all but 
Jig. 8 enlarged. 



7003. 



•\-j\v!: 







AfincentBrodksDay&Soj ,,Imp. 



Tab. 7003. 

MACROTOMIA Bbothami. 
Native of the Western Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine.e. — Tribe Borage*:. 
Genus Maceotomia, DC. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 862.) 



Mackotomia Bentliami; herba elata hirsuto-hispidissima, foliis rndicalibus 
elongato-lineari-lanceolatis subacutis basi Bemi-amplexii-aulibus 5-7-cnstatis, 
caulinis sessilibus linearibus lanceolatisve, floribus in thvrsum elongatoin 
cylindraceum spiciformem villoso-liispuluni dispositis, braoteil lineari-eliui^atis 
foliaceis flores longe superantibus, corolla luride purpurea tubo glandulosn- 
piloso. 

M. Bentbami, Z>C. Prodr. vol. x. p. 27 ; Hooh.f. Fl. Jiril. Ind. vol. iv. p. 177. 

Echium Benthami, Wall. Cat. 931 5 G. Don Gen. Syst. vol. iv. p. WMi. 

Leptanthe macrostacbya, Klotzsch hi Reise Pr. Wahlem. But. p. 95, t. <i:{. 



A stately plant, not uncommon in rocky places of the 
Western Himalaya. It was discovered in the pfovinc 
Kumaon by Dr. Blinkworth, a correspondent of Dr. 
Wallich's, where it has since been found by Mee 
Strachey and Winterbottom at elevations of 12,000 to 
13,000 feet; from thence it extends into Garwhal, where 
Mr. Duthie has collected it at 10,000 to 12,000 feet. From 
Kashmir it has been sent by many travellers, Royle, Fal- 
coner, Thomson, Clarke and' Aitchison. There, the latl ir 
botanist informs me, it occurs at a thousand feet lower 
elevation, namely, 9000 to 11,000 feet. Dr. Aitchison 
writes that the root and flower are medicinal, but he docs 
not say for what purpose they are used; he gives the 
native Kashmiri name of Khou Ka Zaban, and remarks 
that the leaves resemble a giant Plantar/ o. 

The specimen figured flowered in the Royal Gardens, 
Kew, in May, 1887, and was raised from seed received 
from Mr. Duthie of the Saharumpore Botanical Gardens in 
]884. It differs from the description of the genus in the 
stamens being inserted far above the middle of the corolla, 
and in the style being very short, which suggests that the 
flowers are dimorphic. 

Desor. A stout herb one to three feet high, everywh.ro 
hispidly hirsute. Boot xvvy stout. Stem as thick below 
jult 1st, 1888. 



as the little finger, terete, green. Radical leaves six to 
ten inches long, narrowly lanceolate, obtuse or subacute, 
hirsute on both surfaces, bright green above, paler beneath ; 
nerves stout, two to three on each side of the stout midrib, 
running nearly parallel with the margin ; base subam- 
plexicaul; cauline leaves many, smaller, sessile, linear- 
lanceolate, acute ; uppermost (under the inflorescence) more 
ovate-lanceolate, three-nerved, reflexed. Thyrse eight to 
twelve inches high by three to four inches in diameter, 
cylindric, obtuse, dense-flowered, hirsutely hispid ; bracts 
elongate, linear-lanceolate, much longer than the flowers, 
spreading and recurved. Floivers sessile, an inch long. 
Calyx divided to the base into five narrow linear villous 
segments longer than the corolla, green tipped with purple. 
Corolla-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, terete, covered w r ith 
glandular hairs, glabrous within ; lobes five, short, trian- 
gular-ovate, obtuse, spreading, dark maroon purple. 
Anthers sessile,, a little below the mouth of the corolla, 
narrowly linear, yellow. Ovary four-lobed ; style simple ; 
stigma capitellate. — J. D. If. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, pistil .•— all enlarged. 







Vincent SrooksDav&Sannap 



L Reeve &.C° London. 



Tab. 7004. 
ASPHODELUS acaulis. 

Native of Algeria. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Asphodele^e. 
Genus Asphodeliis, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 782.) 



Asphodelixs acaulis ; perennis, fibris radicalibus cylindricis, foli is omnibus radi- 
calibus dense rosulatis linearibus acuminatis dorso convexis margine minute 
serrulatis, floribus 6-20 in corymbuin laxum pedunculo subnullo dispositis, 
bracteis magnis lanceolatis hjalinis viridi carinatis, pedicellis apice articulatis, 
exterioribus elongatis, perianthio infundibulari pallide rubello, segmentis 
oblongo-lanceolatis distincte viridi carinatis, staminibus perianthio duplo 
brevioribus antheris parvis, stylo elongato erecto apice stigmatoso tricuspidato, 
fructu parvo globoso-trigono, seminibus multis triquetris. 

A. acaulis, Desf. Fl Atlant. vol. i. p. 302, t. 89 ; Schult. f. Syst. Fee/, vol. vii. 
p. 49; Kunth Enum. vol. iv. p. 560 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xv. 
p. 271. 

Grethosyne acaulis, Salish. Gen. p. 72. 

Clausonia acaulis, Pomel in Bull. Bot. Soc. France, vol. ix. p. 673. 



This is an extremely distinct species of Asphodel which is 
found wild only in the provinces of Oran and Algiers. The 
individual flowers are rather like those of the well-known 
Asphodelus albas and its numerous varieties, but the 
general habit of the plant resembles that of Ornithogalum 
umbellatum, the flowers being arranged in a lax corymb, of 
which the peduncle is nearly obsolete. As it grows only 
in the lower part of Algeria, it does not get heat enough 
to flourish freely in England. Our drawing was made 
from a plant that flowered last May, in the herbaceous 
ground at Kew, which was collected by Mrs. Thiselton 

Dyer. 

Desce. Boot-fibres fleshy, cylindrical, two or three inches 
long. Leaves ten or twenty, forming a dense radical 
rosette, linear, tapering gradually to the point, half a foot 
or finally a foot long, firm in texture, persistent, dull 
green, minutely pubescent, very convex on the back, 
minutely serrulate on the narrowly cartilaginous margin. 
Flowers six to twenty, forming a lax corymb, with a very 
short or abortive peduncle ; bracts large, lanceolate, hya- 
line, with a distinct herbaceous keel ; pedicels articulated 

jult 1st, 1888. 



at the apex, the outer two or three inches long. Perianth 
infundibuliform, pale pink, an inch or an inch and- a half 
long ; segments oblong-lanceolate, with a distinct narrow- 
green keel. Stamens half as long as the perianth ; fila- 
ments filiform; anthers small, oblong. Ovary sessile, 
globose ; style elongated, erect, tricuspidate at the stigma- 
tose tip. Capsule globose-trigonous, a third of an inch in 
diameter. Seeds numerous, small, triquetrous. — J. G. 
Baker. 



Fig. 1, Front view of a stamen; 2, back view of a stamen; 3, pistil -.—all 
enlarged. 



7005. 







Tab. 7005. 

ILLICIUM veeum. 
Native of South China. 

Nat. Ord. Magnoliace-e;. — Tribe Illicie.e. 
Genus Iilicium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 18.) 



Iliicium varum ; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis obtusis v. obtuse acu- 
minates in petiolumbrevemangustatis, floribus axillaribus breviter pedunculatis 
globosis, periantbii foliolis ad 10 orbiculatis concavis coriaceis exfcerioribu.? 
majoribus ciliolatis intimis rubris, staminibus ad 10 brevibus filamento cum 
connective- in corpus carnosum subovoidem confluente, loculis adnatis parallelis 
subremotis oblongis, carpellis ad 8 stigmatibus brevibus vix recurvis, carpellis 
maturis ad 8 cymbiforniibus longiuscule rostratis. 

I. anisatum, Gcertn. Carp. vol. i. p. 338, t. 69 (non Linn.). 



The plant producing the true Star Anise of China is 
here for the first time figured and described. For many 
years the fruit so called was supposed to be that of Iilicium 
anisatum, Linn, (see Bentl. and Trimen, Med. PI. vol. i. 
t. 10), the Skimmi of Japan, or of /. religiosum, Sieb. 
, and Zucc. (Tab. nost. 3965), supposed to be a native of 
China, but which is identical with I. anisatum of Linngeus 
and Loureiro. For an account of this plant, its history 
and characters, I must refer to Baillon's learned treatise, 
published in 1867, in his Adansonia (vol. viii. p. 1), and to 
papers by the late Dr. Hance and Dr. Bretschneider in the 
China Review (vol. ix. p. 283, &c). It suffices here to 
observe that J. anisatum or religiosum are species with 
peduncles bracteate at the base, and long spreading inner 
perianth- segments, and that they hence belong to a different 
section of the genus from /. verum. 

The first person to recognize the fact that neither /. 
anisatum of Linnaeus or of Loureiro could be the true Star 
Anise of China was Dr. Bretschneider, then Medical Officer 
to the Russian Embassy at Pekin, who drew attention to 
the fact that the Japanese plant was a reputed poison ; 
and that this had been confirmed by T. F. Eykman, who 
in a paper published in 1881 in the Mittheilung der 
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur- und Vdlkerkunde Ost- 
Asien (Heft xxiii. 23) had experimented with and given 

July 1st, 1888. 



the name of Sikimine to the poison. But the first definite 
information regarding the true Star Anise is contained in 
a letter addressed to me by the late Dr. Hance in October, 
1881, which contained seeds of the true plant received that 
morning from Pakhoi in South China. And in the same 
year Mr. Ford of the Hong Kong Botanical Gardens sent 
to Kew fruit and fragments of the leaves of the true plant 
from Pakhoi. In his Report on the Hong Kong Botanical 
Gardens for 1882, Mr. Ford states that Mr. Kopsch, Com- 
missioner of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs at 
Pakhoi, had obtained for him a few seedlings of the true 
Star Anise, of which three had survived, and had attained 
a height of nine feet in 1886, and flowered in the Botanical 
Gardens. He adds that they prove to belong to an entirely 
different species from I. anisatum and all other described 
species. In 1883 Mr. Ford sent living plants to the Royal 
Gardens, Kew, which flowered in November, 1887, and it 
is from one of these that the figure here given was drawn. 
In 1886 Mr. Ford sent dried specimens from his nine feet 
high plant. 

There are several species of the genus llUcium to which 
L verum is more nearly allied than to /. anisatum, all 
having globose flowers, but all differing from verum in the 
increased number of perianth-segments, stamens and 
carpels ; these are the Indian I. Griffithii, H. f. and T., and 
L majus, H. f. and T., respectively from the Khasia Moun- 
tains in Eastern Bengal, and the mountains of Tenasserim, 
and the I. cambodianum , Hance (in Trimen's Jour. Bot. 
1876, p. 240, /. cambodglanum, Pierre, Flore Forestiere 
Cochinchin. t. 4). The latter, a broad-leaved species with 
long-peduncled flowers, is a native of the Elephant Moun- 
tains in Cochin China, From all these I. verum differs, 
not only in the number of parts of the flower, but as Mr. 
Holmes (Conservator of the Museum of the Pharmaceutical 
Society), who has been so good as to examine them all for 
me, informs me, in taste of foliage and fruit, by which 
alone he could distinguish them, and pronounce /. verum 
to be specifically distinct from all others. 

With regard to Loureiro's I. anisatum, from South 
China, under which he cites Linnaeus and the Japanese 
Skimmi of Ksempfer, it is altogether a doubtful plant. It 
is described as having yellow flowers, a six-leaved calyx, 



spreading corolla and thirty stamens, and hence cannot be 
1. varum. 

In his " Notes on Botanical questions connected with the 
export trade of China," printed at Pekin in 1880, Dr. 
Bretschneider calls attention to a Report by Mr. Piry on 
the trade of Pakhoi for 1878-9, which contains interesting 
particulars regarding the Star Anise. Of this he says it 
is brought to that port for exportation from the province 
of Kuangsi via Kin-chow, and that it is produced in two 
districts, Lung-chow on the borders of Annam, and Po-se 
in the West (or Canton) river close to Yunnan. 

The Star Anise was, according to Hanbury (Pharmaco- 
graphia, ed. 2, p. 22), first brought to Europe by the 
voyager Candish about the year 1588, and was first de- 
scribed by Clusius (Rarior. Plant. Hist. p. 202) in 1601 
from fruits procured from London. It seems afterwards 
to have been imported via Russia (and hence called 
Cardamomum siberiense, or Annis de Siberie), and was used 
by the Dutch in the seventeenth century to flavour beve- 
rages. From China it is exported into Eastern Turkestan 
under the name of Chinese fennel, and in China itself it is 
called Pa kio nui hiang, or eight-horned Fennel ; the fact 
being that though commonly compared with aniseed, the 
taste is really more like that of fennel ; so that the name 
given it by Redi (Experimenta, p. 172) in 1675 was 
Famiculum sinense. In China the Star Anise is employed 
as a condiment and as a spice, and it is still used to flavour 
spirits in Germany, France (where it is the flavouring 
material of Anisette de Bordeaux) and Italy. In England, 
according to Hanbury, it is used only as a substitute for 
oil of anise. 

The propriety of giving the new name of verum to this 
interesting plant may be challenged on the ground that 
the Linnaaan one of anisatum should be retained for it, 
and another be adopted for the Japanese plant so long 
supposed to be the origin of the Star Anise. The objec- 
tions to this course are twofold : the first is, that Linnaaus 
(Sp. Plant. Ed. '3, p. 664) clearly describes this as his 1. 
anisatum, the Skimmi of Kaampfer, and cites Kaampfer's 
Amcenitates for the same. He, however, adds, " Planta 
a me non visa, fide Kaempferi recepta, forte Anisurn stella- 
tum officinarum, quod adjectum Tetraodonti ocellari ejus 



auget venerium." The italics are my own. The passage 
shows that Linnaeus is not answerable for the reference of 
the Star Anise to J. anisatiom. The second objection is, 
that it would require the adoption of another name for the 
old and well-known Japanese plant, for which, however, 
the synonym I. rellgiosum of Siebold andZuccarini might 
be adopted. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, front, and 3, back view of stamen ; 4, carpels ; 5, side view of 
siDgle carpel: — all enlarged. 



7006 




Tab. 7006. 
CCELOGYNE graminifolia. 

Native of Moulmein. 

Nat. Ord. Obchh>e.e. — Tribe Epidendee^e. 
Genus Ccelogtne, Lindl. ; (Bent//, et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 518.) 



C<elogtne (Erectae) graminifolia ; pseudobulbis confertis ovoideis cotnpressis 
2-pbyllis demum canaliculars, -foliis gramineis rigidiusculis striatis, scapis 
erectis breviusculis paucifloris basi vaginatis, vaginis ovato-oblongis arete 
imbricatis, sepalis petalisque suba?qualibus lanceolatis acuminatis albis, labello 
trilobo, disco 2-carinato, lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusangulis purpureo-striatis, 
terrainali brevi ovato-oblongo recurvo aureo purpureo-striato. 

C. graminifolia, Parish and Reichb.f. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxx. p. 146. 



A native of Moulmein, where it was discovered by the 
Rev. E. C. Parish, M.A., along with many other interesting 
Orchidece, of which not a few have been figured in this 
Magazine. It belongs to a section of the genus that is 
copiously represented in the mountain region of India, 
from the Himalaya to the Western Ghats on the West, and 
the Burmese ranges on the East. Typical examples figured 
in this Magazine are G. elata, Tab. 5001, C. ochracea, 
t. 4661, G. ocellata, t. 3767, and G. Cumingii, t. 4645. 

The specimen here figured flowered at Kew in January 
of the present year ; it was sent in a collection of orchids 
from Shillong in the Khasia Mountains by Mr. Gustav 
Mann, Superintendent of Forests in Assam, and is pre- 
sumably from that country. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs crowded, ovoid, one to one and a 
half inches long, compressed, acutely ribbed when full- 
grown. Leaves two at the apex of the pseudobulb, grass- 
like, twelve to eighteen inches long by half an inch broad, 
linear-elongate, obtuse or subacute, dark green and deeply 
grooved above along the midrib, paler keeled and striate 
beneath. Scape basal, one to two inches long, clothed 
at the base with ovate-oblong acute closely imbricate 
sheaths; raceme two- to four-flowered. Flowers nearly 
two inches wide across the petals; pedicel and ovary 
together about one inch long. Sepals narrowly oblong- 

july 1st, 188S. 



lanceolate, acute, white. Petals like the sepals, but rather 
narrower. Lip three-lobed, lateral lobes oblong with 
rounded angles, white streaked with purple, midlobe 
ovate-oblong, obtuse, recurved, orange-yellow with three 
purple ridges, disk of lip with two raised ridges. Column 
pale pink. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Column; 2, anther ; 3, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



7007. 




Tab. 7007. 

CYPERORCHIS elegans. 
Native of the Mountains of Eastern Bengal. 



Nat. Ord. Obchide^:. — Tribe Vande;e. 
Genua Cypekorohis. Blume ; (Benth.et HooJe.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 538.) 



Cvpfrorchis elegans; caulibus csespitosis brevibus foliosis basi demum sub- 
pseudobulbosis, foliisperplurimis elongato-loriformibus subtus carinatis, basibus 
truncatis persistentibus vix dilatatis disiiche imbricatis demum brunneis, scapis 
interfoliaceis erectis teretibus primum vaginatis vaginis deciduis, racemo 
magno floribundo pendulo, floribus irnbrieatis pallide subsordide flavis, 
bracteis mimitis subuiatis, perianthio elongato subinfundibulari, sepalis lineari- 
oblongis erectis apicibus recurvis acutis, petalis consmrilibus, Libello erecto 
anguste cuneiforme 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus acutangulis, terminal! linguiforme, 
disco inter lobns laterales alte bicarinato, carinis aurantiacis basin versus 
incrassatis. 

C. elegans, Blume Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. vol. i. p. 48 ; Orchid. Archijel. Iml 
p. 93, t. 43 C. 

Cymbidium elegans, Lindl. hi Wall. Cat. No. 7854; Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 163 ; 
Sert. Orchid, t. 11, 

Limodorum cyperifolinm, Ham. mss. 



The genus Cyperorchis was established by Blume for the 
above plant, which was referred by Lindley to Cymbidium, 
with the remark (in his Sertum Orchidaceum) that it 
differs from the normal species of that genus in "the 
pollinia being pear-shaped, furrowed on the back and 
planted separately upon a transversely oval gland. In 
this respect the present species differs somewhat from 
other Oymbidia, but not sufficiently to deserve its being 
made into a distinct genus." This remark was founded upon 
the analyses of a native Indian artist, for which, and for 
the accompanying figure of the whole plant, Lindley was 
indebted for his description. The real characters whereby 
Cyperorchis is separated from Cymhidiwm is the form of 
the corolla. 

Only two species of Cyperorchis are satisfactorily known, 
the present and the white-flowered fragrant Cymbidium 
Mastersii, Lindl. (in Bot. Eeg. 1815, t, 50), to which 
Bentham (Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 538) doubtfully adds 
Lindley 's Cymbidium cochleare, a native of Sikkim. 

jcta' 1st, 1888. 



C. elegans is a Himalayan species ; it was discovered by 
WaUich in 1821, in the forests of Nepal. I met with it in 
Sikkim at an elevation of 7000 feet, and in the Khasia 
Mountains at a lower elevation. Further east it has been 
found by Mr. C. B. Clarke on Kohima, a mountain in 
Munuepore, at an elevation of 5400 feet. The specimen 
figured was sent to the Royal Gardens, Kew, by Mr. 
Gustav Mann in 1885, and flowered in November, 1887.^ 

Desce. Stems crowded, short, clothed at the base with 
the brown distichous equitant truncate bases of the old 
leaves, at length swollen and pseudobulbous. Leaves twelve 
to eighteen inches long, very numerous, recurved, strap- 
shaped, one-half to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 
dark green above, grooved down the centre, paler keeled 
and striate beneath, tip minutely two-fid. Scape four to 
six inches long, arising from amongst the leaves, slender, 
erect, green, clothed with deciduous sheaths. Raceme six 
to ten inches long, pendulous, very many- and dense- 
flowered, cylindric-oblong, three to four inches in diameter ; 
flowers imbricating, shortly pedicelled ; bracts minute, 
subulate. Perianth one and a half inches long, rather 
funnel-shaped, dull yellow or straw-coloured. Sepals 
linear-oblong, erect, with acute spreading or recurved tips. 
Petals like the sepals. Lip as long as the petals, loosely 
embracing the column, narrowly wedge-shaped, three-lobed; 
lateral lobes very narrow, subacute, the inner margin 
sinuate ; disk with two very close orange- coloured medial 
ridges that are swollen at the base of the lip, and do not 
extend to the midlobe; midlobe rather small, tongue-shaped, 
obtuse. Column slender. Pollen-masses pyriform, sessile 
on a large subquadrate gland. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, column ; 3, anther j 4 and 5, pollen-masses : — all enlarged. 



7008 










Tab. 7008. 

TRBVESIA PALMATA. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya, S,r. 

Nat. Ord. Avmaacem. 
Genus Tuevksia, Visiani ; {Benth. et Hook.f. den. Pi. vol. i. p. 042.) 



Tkevesia palmata; fruticosa, aculeata, ramulis noveUis rufo-tomentotta et 
setosia, foliis amplis lodge petiolatii adv. infra medium palmatim v. digitatim 

7-9-lobatis basi cordatis glabriuseulis lobis laneeolatis acuminatis serratis v. 
lobulatU, petiolo sparse aculeato, paniculis amplis, bracteis cadueis, umbellis 
multiradiatis. 

T. palmata, Visiani in Mem. Acad. Torin. Ser. 2, iv. 2fi2, rum Jr. ; Seem. Bi v. 
Hed. p. 77 ; Kurz For. Fl. Brit. Burnt, vol. i. p. 539 ; Clarke in Ft. Brit. 
Ind. vol. ii. p. 732; Boerlage in. Ann. Jard. Buiteuz. vol. vi. p. 108, t. xii. 
f. 15. 

Gastonia palmata, Roxb. BZort. Bonrj. p. 33 ; Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 407 ; Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 894. 

Gilibertia palmata, DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 256. 

Hedera ferruginea & palmata, Wall. Cat. 4909 and 4910. in fort. 

Brassaiopsis conffuens, Seem. Ren. Ilcd. p. 18 (leaves only). 



This is one of the most conspicuous features of the 
tropical jungles of the Central and Eastern Himalaya, 
Assam and the hot humid regions of the Khasia Mountains 
and Chittagong, where its slender stem crowned with 
terminal whorls of spreading, broad, fan-shaped, long- 
petioled leaves, rising above the herbaceous forest under- 
growth, at once attracts attention. For the same reason 
it is a very efficient aid in the representation of a tropical 
region in a stove or heated house, where natural botanical 
features rather than showy flowers are the objects desired. 
It is widely distributed in India, from Central Nepal along 
the lower regions of the Himalaya westwards to Sikkim, 
Assam and the Khasia Mountains, and from thence south- 
wards to Pegu. In the Malayan region it is represented 
by T. sundaica and other species. 

J. G. Boerlage, working in the rich Malayan herbarium 
at Buitenzorg (Java), has in the Annals of the Buitenzorg 
Gardens, vol. vi. p. 97, revised the genus Trevesia and its 
allies, which were in a state of great confusion, owing to 

AUGUST 1st, 1888. 



the scanty material accessible in European herbaria. He 
confines Trevesia to four species, of which palmata is the 
type, the others being the Javan T. swndaica, Miquel, T. 
Burckii) Boerlage (to which he refers T. jmlmata, var. 
cheirantha, Clarke in Fl. Brit. Inch), and a new Sumatran 
species, T. Beeearii, Boerlage. Clarke's T. palmata var. 
irmgnis of the Khasia Mountains in India, he refers to the 
genus Eschweilera, Zipp., distinguished by the petioles 
being crested at the base and the pyrenes woody, and unites 
it to E. insignis (Trevesia irmgnis, Miquel). Eschweilera 
seems to be founded on very slight characters, and I greatly 
doubt Clarke's Khasian ins ignis being the same with the 
Eschweilera insignis of Boerlage. T. palmata has long 
been cultivated in the Palm House at Kew, and is no doubt 
one of the earliest contributions from the Calcutta Gardens. 
It stands about five feet high, flowers every winter, and 
the flowers have a disagreeable heavy smell. 

Desor. Stem five to twelve feet high, very slender, prickly, 
especially towards the tips of the very few erect branches, 
which are rufously tomentose and setose. Leaves crowded 
at the ends of the branches, one to one and a half feet in 
diameter, palmately or digitately five- to nine-lobed, 
coriaceous, sinuses rounded ; lobes lanceolate, acuminate, 
serrate or lobulate ; petiole one to one and a half feet long, 
prickly, base with a two-lobed stipulary sheath. Panicles 
long-peduncled, much shorter than the leaves, pubescent 
or glabrate ; bracts oblong, obtuse, caducous ; umbels six 
mches in diameter or less, long peduncled, many-rayed, 
puberulous ; pedicels one and a half inches or less. Flowers 
one inch in diameter and less ; calyx truncate, ten-toothed ; 
petals usually six to ten, greenish white ; disk and style 
yellow. Stamens six to ten. Style conic, grooved, stigma 
truncate toothed ; ovary eight to ten-celled. Fruit sub- 
globose, " size of a nutmeg, of a soft woody texture " 
(Roxburgh). 

Fig. 1, Ovary; 2 and 3, petalr ; 4 and 5, stamens: 0, transverse section of 
ovary : — all enlarged. 



7009 






i 




%*•.// 








fc. A 










fes 



M.Sdel.J.N.Rlchlith.. 



^oentBrootaDay&Sonl^ 



Tab. 7009. 
ECHINOCACTUS Haselbeegii. 

Native county unknown. 



Nat. Ord. Cacte^:. — Tribe Echinocacte;e. 
Genus Echinocactus, Link Sf Otto ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 818.) 



Echinocactus (Microgoni N Haselbergii I; globosa v.oblata, pallide viridis, ob setas 
confertissimas argenteo-cana, tuberculis parvis convexis in seriebus innumeris 
dispositis convexis laavibus, areolis parvis albo-tomentellis, setis ad 20 gracilliinis 
stellatim patentibus insequilongis albis, interioribus erectioribus consimilibus, 
floribus oehraceo-rubris, perianthii tubo late campanulato setis fasoiculatis 
suberectis basi pilosis instructo, laciniis ad 40, extimis 10-12 lanceolatis sub- 
acutis extus rubris intus oubraceis, interioribus consimilibus, intimis brevioribus, 
staminibus parvis brevibus confertis aureis, stylo columnari elongato, rffcig- 
matibus 6 erectis. 

E. Haselbergii, Font Sandb. der Cncteen. vol. i. p. 563. 



This is a beautiful little species; the crossing of its 
stellate tufts of silvery spicular spines partially obscuring 
the pale-green surface beneath, which is studded with the 
white areolae, gives the effect of seeing the latter through 
a transparent medium ; and the play of light and shade as 
the little globe is turned round is very pretty. Nothing 
appears to be known of its native country, and the only 
published notice of it which I have seen is in Forster's 
1 valuable Handbook, where it is briefly described (without 
flower), under the above name, under E. Scopa, Link, with 
the observation that the specimen was in the collection of Dr. 
Von Haselberg of Straisund, an eminent cultivator of Cacti, 
who procured it from the dealer, Ad. Haage, jun., of 
Erfurt. The specimen here represented was purchased from 
Hildmann of Berlin, and flowered in April of the present 
year. Though belonging to the same section as E. Scopa, 
it is a very different species in the form of t lie whole plant 
and of the perianth, as well as in the colour of the latter 
and its segments, which are acute and quite entire. 

Descr. Globose or oblate, three inches in diameter, pale 
silvery grey from the copious spines. Tubercles small, 
convex, appearing almost vertically disposed in innumerable 
parallel series, but really spirally arranged, convex, pale 

AUGUST 1st, 1888. 



green and sliming, crowned with a snow-white tuft of hairs, 
from which the spines spring. Spines about twenty, 
acicular, half an inch long, silvery and glittering, 
stellately spreading, of unequal lengths, the inner erect, 
hardly longer than the outer. Flowers sessile, one to one 
and a half inches in diameter; ochreous yellow and red; 
perianth broadly campanulate ; tube short, red, covered 
with tufts of suberect spines, segments about forty, outer 
series about ten, lanceolate, acute, spreading and recurved, 
bright red, inner gradually smaller, orange or ochreous 
yellow, with acute red tips. Stamens included, yellow. 
Style exserted, stout; stigmas six, lanceolate, erect.— 
J. D. H. 



Fijf. 1, Tuft of spines; 2, front, ami 3, side view of flower ; 4, spines of tube of 
perianth ; 5 and b, stamens; 7, sti-mas :— all enlarged. 



ww. 




M.S.deUTJ fitch Mh. 



-feei&BrcoHDayk 



- - 



LUeeve &.C°. London. 



Tab. 7010. 
SARCOCHILUS Haktmanni. 

Native of Queensland. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Vande^. 
Genus Sabcochiixs, Br. ,• {JBenth. et Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 575.) 



Saecochiltjs Hartmanni ; foliis lineari-oblongis coriaceo-carnosis apice bidentatis 
medio cannabis, pedunculis foliis longioribus crassis suberectis, squamis sparsis 
carnosis brevibus ovatis obtusis instructis, racemis multifloris, bracteis brevibus 
triangularibus, pedicellis brevibus basique periantbii extus rubro-punctatis, 
sepalis petalisque consimilibus oblongis obtusis albis basi rubro-punctatis, 
labello brevissimo saccato, lobis lateralibus ovato-obtongis obtusis erectis, 
intermedio brevissimo obtuso, disco callo 2-lobo instructo. 

S. Hartmanni, Ferd. Muell. Fragment, vol. viii. p. 248. 

S. rubrieentrum, Fitzgerald in Gard. Chron. 1880, p. 38, and in Australian 
Orchids, vol. ii. pt. i. 

Thrixspevmum Hartmanni, Rchh.f. in Gard. Chron. vol. vii. (1877) p. 716. 



As a species, this appears to be very near indeed to 8. 
ffltzgeraldi, F. Muell., but, as Mr. Fitzgerald points out, 
the habit is erect, and the very stout peduncles and racemes 
at once distinguish it. It is a native of mountain woods 
near Towomba, and at Cairns, in Queensland, where it 
was discovered by Mr. E. Ramsay, F.L.S. Our plant was 
received from Mr. J. F. Roberts, nurseryman, of Kew near 
Melbourne, in 1883, and it flowers annually in the cool 
Orchid House in the early spring. 

Desce. Stems loosely tufted, short, stout, with very long 
strong aerial roots. Leaves three to five, two to five inches 
long, hard and fleshy, linear- oblong, tip obtuse or equally 
or unequally obtusely two-toothed, channelled down the 
middle, keeled at the back, light green. Peduncle as thick 
as a goose-quill, as long as or longer than the leaves, sub- 
erect, with a few distant fleshy ovate green bracts ; raceme 
four to five inches long, laxly many-flowered; bracts small, 
triangular, persistent; pedicels a quarter of an inch 
and short ovary and base of perianth externally speckled 
with red. Perianth three-quarters of an inch in diameter; 

AUGUST 1st, 1888. 



sepals and petals subsimilar, spreading, oblong, obtuse, 
pure white with a few red specks or bars at the base. Lip 
very small, saccate, fleshy, lateral lobes falcately oblong, 
obtuse, erect; intermediate very short, conical, obtuse; 
disk with a fleshy two-lobed callus. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Lip and cclumn ; 2, lip; 3, [column ; -4, anther; 5 and 6, polliuhi : — 
all enlarged. 



7CW7, 




Vrncent-Broo.-c 



1. Re eve &.C° London 



Tab. 7011. 
ARISTOLOCHIA Westlandi. 

Native of China. 

.Nat. Ord. Aeistolochiace^. 
Genus Aristolochia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 123.) ' ', 



Aristolochia (Sipbisia) Westlandi; ramulis foliisque subtus pubescenti-tomen- 
tosis, foliis anguste oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis basi cordatis snperne nitidis, 
fioribus amplis extus pedicelloque fusco-hirsutis, perianthii tubo cylindraceo 
bipollicari, limbo 6 poll, longo et lato ovato-rotundato ecaudato postice retusoj 
ore semilunari, columna staminifera 3-loba, lobis late ovatis diantheris niar- 
ginibus dense villosis. 

A. Westlandi, Helmsley in Britten Journ. Bot. vol. xxiii. (1885), p. 286. 



Under his description of this plant, in the Journal of 
Botany, Mr. Helmsley observed, " The foliage of this is so 
like that of A. longifolia, that without flowers, one might 
regard it as a variety ; but the flowers are nearly three 
times as large, and appear to be very different in shape, 
having a relatively shorter tube." A. longifolia is a Hong 
Kong species, of which a figure is given at Tab. 6884 oi* 
this work, taken from a plant that flowered at Kew the 
year following Mr. Helmsley's description of A. Westlandi, 
and an inspection of it fully justifies that botanist's re- 
marks in all respects. It does not, however, solve what 
appears to me the doubtful point, that is, whether West- 
landi may not represent a large-flowered race of longifolia, 
for the column, which Mr. Helmsley describes doubtfully 
as six-lobed, is truly three-lobed, and accords in size, 
number of anthers, their villous margins, conical summits, 
and all other particulars with that ot A. longifolia, leaving 
nothing but the size of the perianth whereby to distinguish 
the two plants. Referring to the Herbarium, I find 
numerous native specimens of A. longifolia, and all are 
identical with the published figure cited above, and show 
no trace of an intermediate character; I therefore retain 
the two as representative species, of which the insular 
{longifolia, of Hong Kong) is small-flowered, the continental 
{Westlandi) large-flowered. A. Westlandi is a native of 

AUGUST 1st, 1888. 



Tai-mo-Shan, on the mainland of China opposite to Hong 
Kong, where it was found by Mr. A. B. Westland. The 

Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Ford of the Hong Kong 
Botanical Gardens for Herbarium specimens, collected by 
its discoverer, and for a living plant which arrived in 
1886, and flowered in the Victoria House at Kew in March 
of the present year. The flowers are produced at the base 
of the woody stem, as well as on the branches. 

Desce. Stem woody, short ; branches slender, climbing to 
a considerable height, pubescent. Leaves six to ten inches 
long, shortly petioled, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, acu- 
minate, smooth and glabrous above, strongly nerved, pubes- 
cent and reticulate beneath; base cordate with rounded 
lobes ; petiole half an inch long, stout. Flowers pendulous, 
chiefly from towards the base of the plant ; peduncle one- 
flowered, three to five inches long, and as well as the perianth 
externally densely hirsutely villous with brown hairs. 
Perianth-tube two inches long below the very short flexure, 
cylindric, brown and yellow, part above the flexure shorter, 
hidden by the appressed perianth-limb, which is six by five 
inches, broadly rounded-ovate, obtuse anteriorly retuse 
posteriorly, slightly concave, pale greenish yellow with 
purple reticulated veins, densely speckled with dark vinous 
purple all over the centre, except the small white semi- 
lunar mouth. Staminal column short, subsessile, three- 
lobed ; lobes shortly broadly oblong, with smooth broad 
conical tips ; anthers in pairs, each pair surrounded by a 
densely tomeutose fringe.—/. D. H. 



Fig .1, Interior of perianth-tube, showing the column; 2, column ; 3, hairs of 
perianth -.—all enlarged. 



>/: 




vr 



VinccritBrodffil^ 



L.Re< 



Tab. 7012. 

NARCISSUS PSEUDO-NARCISSUS, var. Johnstoni. 

Native of Portugal. 



Xut. OrJ. Amaryllideje. — Tribe Ama.evlle,e. 
Genus Nabcissus, Linn. ; (Bent//, et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 718.) 



Nabcisscs (Ajax) Pseudo-narcissus, var. Johnstoni ; bulbo subgloboso leviter 
oblato, foliis linearibus subpedalibus dorso late carinatis, scapa leviter ancipito, 
flore pedicellato saepissime solitario, perianthii tubo anguste infundibulari 
limbo breviori, segmentis oblongo-lanceolatis citrinis flore expanso horizontaliter 
patulis, corona late infundibulari obscure hexagona segmentis aequilonga et 
concolori ore erecto leviter crenato, staminibns obscure biseriatis antheris ex 
tubo protrusis, stylo staminibus superante. 

N. Pseudo-narcissus, var. Johnstoni, Baker in Gard. Chron. X. S. vol. xxv. 
(1886), p. 590 ; Handb. Amaryll. p. 3. 



This is another curious Daffodil in addition to N. cycla- 
miueus (Bot. Mag. t. 6950) which has been found in the 
neighbourhood of Oporto during the last few } T ears by 
Messrs. Tait and Johnston. It is possible that it may be 
the ileus hexangularis of Haworth (Monogr. p. 4), which 
is known only from the rough woodcuts of Rudbeck, 
Swertius and Parkinson. It has been suggested by Pro- 
fessor Henriquez that it may be a hybrid between some of 
the numerous varieties of Pseudo-narcissus and triandrus, 
but in all the numerous specimens which I have seen since 
it was first introduced into cultivation in 1886 the charac- 
ters are substantially uniform. Our drawing was made 
from plants flowered in March in the Botanic Garden of 
Trinity College, Dublin, by Mr. F. W. Burbidge, and it 
also flowered at Kew about the same time from bulbs 
collected near Oporto by Mr. Peter Barr. 

Descr. Bull) subglobose, slightly oblate, about an inch 
in diameter. Leaves about six to a bulb erect, slightly 
glaucous, about a foot long and one-third of an inch broad 
at the flowering time, shallowly channelled down the face, 
and furnished with a broad square keel clown the back. 
Peduncle slender, faintly two-edged, rather shorter than 
the leaves. Flower usually single, drooping in bud, hori- 

AUGUST 1st, 1888. 



zontal or slightly ascending when expanded, spathe longer 
than the pedicel. Peri<mth-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 
five-eighths of an inch long; limb pale lemon-yellow, an 
inch long; segments oblong-lanceolate, spreading hori- 
zontally when expanded. Corona as long as the segments, 
and uniform with them in colour ; rim quite erect, ob- 
scurely crenate. Stamens obscurely biseriate, inserted one- 
third of the length of the perianth-tnbe above its base ; 
anthers exserted from the tube. Sti/le much overtopping 
the anthers. — /. G. Baler. 



Fig. 1, Horizontal section of a leaf; 2, flower cut through vertically to show 
the insertion of the stamens ; 3, style and vertical section of ovary : all more or 
less enlarged. 



7011 













Tau. 7013. 
SPATHOGLOTTIS Vjeillardi. 

Native of the Sunda Archipelago and Neiv Caledonia. 



Nat. Ord. Obchide^:. — Tribe Epidendbeje. 
Genus Spathoglottis, Blume; (Benth. et liook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 511.) 



Spathoglottis (Elatiores) Vieillardi; elata, pseudobulbis demum fere nudis 
ovoideis, foliis 1-2-pedalibus elongato-lanceolatis scusiin acuminatis cre- 
berrime costato-plicatis, scapo robusto vaginis paucis breviusculis instruct o, 
floribus subcorymbosis, bracteis amplis late ovatis concavis, perianthio amplo, 
sepalis petalisque conformibus ovato-oblongis sub;icutis jtallide lilacinif, label li 
parvi lobis lateralibus erectis oblongis truneatis ocluacco-fuscis, terminal! 
longe gracile stipitato trapezi forme v. late obcordato lilacino, callis ad basin 
loborum lateralium utrinque 2 aureis 2-lobis. 

S. Vieillardi, Reichb.f. in Linncea, vol. xli. p. 85. 

S. Augustorum, Beichb.f. in Lindenia, vol. i. t. 25. 



Spathoglottis Vieillardi was first made known by Dr. 
Reichenbach's description published in the Linnaea in 
1877, taken from specimens collected between 1861 and 
1867 in New Caledonia by the botanist whose services and 
name it deservedly commemorates. It had, however, been 
previously collected (in 1853) in the Isle of Pines (one 
of the same group) by Mr. MacGillivray, naturalist to 
Captain Denham's voyage to the Pacific, specimens from 
which source are in the Kew Herbarium. On the Spatho- 
glottis Augustorum flowering at Kew, Mr. N. E. Brown 
recognized its identity with the previously published S. 
Vieillardi, and I am unable to detect any difference be- 
tween the two plants. It is to be observed, however, that 
the Straits of Sunda, from whence S. Augustorum was sent 
by the two collectors, Auguste Linden and Auguste De 
Ronne, are very far from the New Caledonia Archipelago, 
and the presence of the same terrestrial orchid in such 
distant localities was hardly to have been anticipated. 
Apparently the same species has been collected in the 
Banda Islands by Mr. Moseley when on the " Challenge " 
Expedition in 1875. Mr. Linden states that the figure in 

8EPTEMBEE 1ST, 1888. 



" Linclema " represents a very poorly developed state of the 
plant, but except that the leaves are shorter and flowers 
a third larger, it accords in development with that here 
given, and with the Herbarium specimens. In both the 
raceme has only commenced flowering, for as flowering 
advances the raceme lengthens, and the lower part from 
which the flowers have fallen is clothed with the persistent 
deflexed imbricating bracts. 

The specimen here figured was purchased in 1887 in 
Messrs. Protheroe and Morris' auction room. Mr. Watson 
informs me that it is the strongest and best grower of all 
the cultivated species of Spathoglottis. It flowered in the 
tropical Orchid House at Kew in September of last year. 

Desce. Pseudo-bulbs two inches long, ovoid, at length 
nearly naked. Leaves one to two feet long, by two to 
two and a half broad, sessile, spreading and recurved, 
elongate-lanceolate, gradually acuminate, closely costate 
and plicate. Scape from the base of the pseudo-bulb, twelve 
to eighteen inches high, robust, terete, with three or four 
distant short appressed subacute herbaceous sheaths. 
Raceme at first corymbiform, lengthening to six inches ; 
bracts one inch long, herbaceous, broadly ovate, subacute, 
concave ; pedicels and ovary half to one and a half inches 
long, puberulous. Perianth two inches in diameter. Sepals 
and petals very pale lilac or nearly white, ovate-oblong, 
subacute. Lip about as long as the sepals ; lateral lobes 
small, erect and incurved, subtruncate, orange-brown, with 
two large tumid orange calli speckled with red occupying 
the disk between them, and each callus produced at the 
base into a short spreading lobule ; midlobe small, lilac, 
on a long slender stipes variable in form from trapeziform 
with rounded sides and an obtuse or acute tip, to very broadly 
obcordate. Column slender, incurved. Pollinia eight, with 
slender caudicles. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with the sepala and petals removed; 2, column; 3, anther; 

-i and 5, poll mil : — all enlarged. 



7on. 




VincflrABrooksDay&^ 



Londc 



Tad. 7014. 
CAEAGUATA Andreana. 

Native of New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Bkomeliace^:. — Tribe Tillakdsieje. 
Genus Caeaguata, Liudl. ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 668.) 



Caeaguata Andreana ; acaulis, foliis 20-30 ensiformibus pallide viridibus glabris 
flaccidis recurvatis, pedunculo rubro foliis bracteifornribus lanceolatis^ viridibus 
imbricatis, floribus 2-3-nis in paniculam laxam subspicatam dispositis, brac- 
teis floralibus ovatis acutis rubris, catyce luteo sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis 
imbricatis, corolla? luteac tubo cylindrico segmentis lingulatis tubo sequilongis, 
staminibus prope tubi orain insertis, stylo apice tricuspidato. 

C. Andreana.. E. Morren in Rev. Hort. 1884, p. 247, tig. 61 ; 1886, 276, with 
coloured figure ; Baker in Synops. TUland. p. 5. 



The Caraguatas inhabit the West Indies and the moun- 
tains of Central America and the Andes. They closely 
resemble the Tillandsias, but the petals are united in a 
tube instead of being distinct down to the base. There 
are about a dozen species now known, which differ widely 
in size and inflorescence. The present plant was dis- 
covered by M. Edouard Andre, after whom it was named 
by Professor E. Morren, during his travels in South America 
in 1876 on the Cordillera of Pasto, in ^ New Granada, and 
was introduced by him into cultivation. Our drawing 
was made from a plant purchased from M. Bruant of 
Poitiers, which flowered at Kew last April. 

Desce. Acaulescent. Leaves twenty or thirty in a 
dense rosette, ensiform, thin, and pliable in texture, pale 
green, without any bands or lepidote scales, a foot and a 
half or two feet long, an inch and a half broad above the 
dilated base. Peduncle about a foot long, bright red ; 
bract-leaves lanceolate, green, erect, imbricated. Panicle 
about a foot long, lax, subspicate, consisting of about ten 
clusters of two or three flowers, each subtended by a largo 
green lanceolate branch-bract; flower-bracts ovate, acute, 
bright red, under an inch long. Calyx yellow, above an 
inch long ; sepals oblong-lanceolate. Corolla bright yellow, 

SEPTEMBEE 1ST, 1888. 



two inches long ; tube cylindrical ; segments Ungulate, as 
long as the tube, not scaled at the base. Stamens nearly 
as long as the segments, inserted at the throat of the 
corolla-tube. Ovary ampullaeform ; style long, tricus- 
pidate at the apex. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Portion of corolla, with stamens ; 2, front view of anther ; 3, back view 
of anther ; 4, pistil : — all enlarged. 



7015 




ft WM± 



"AicerftBrootas Day& Sontth. 



L"Rfiflve & C° London. 



Tab. 7015. 

MASDEVALLIA Mooeeana. 
Native of Venezuela ? 

Nat. Ord. Obciiide;e. — Tribe Epidendee.e. 
Genus Masdevallia, Iluiz et Pav. ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 492.) 



Masdevallia Mooreana ; foliis petiolatis lineari-oblongis obtusis v. apice 2-lobis 
crasse coriaceis enevviis basi angustatis marginibus subrecurvis, scapis foliis 
brevioribus validis medio vaginatis, vagina tubulosa oblique truncata, floribus 
magnis, perianthii crasse coriacei, tubo lato mento obtuso, sepalo dorsali 
porrecto e basi late ovato triangulari in caudam validam bipollicarem sensim 
angustato, lateralibus ad mediam connatis dein in caudas elongatas productis, 
petalis pallidis oblongis cuspidatis, labello oblongo densissime papilloso luride 
purpureo. 

M. Mooreana, Reichb. f. in Gard. Chron. N. 8. xxi. (March, 1881), p. 408. 



Masdevallia Mooreana belongs to a group of very closely 
allied forms of the genus of which the type of those known 
to me is the remarkable M. elephanticeps, Reichb. f. (Xen. 
Orchid, vol. i. t. 3 ; Flore des Serres, Ser. 1, vol. x. t. 997, 
and var. pachysepala, Xenia 1. c. t. 74). To this M. 
Gargantua, Reichb. f. (in Gard. Chron. Ser. 2, vol. vi. 
(1876) p. 516), from New Grenada, and M. velif&ra, 
Reichb. f. (1. c. Ser. 2, vol. ii. (1874) p. 98, and Ser. 3, vol. i. 
(1887) p. 71, f. 516), also from New Grenada, are very 
near, and may prove to be varieties. Of these M. ele- 
phanticeps is much the largest species, with thickly fleshy 
flowers four inches long. M. velifera, from the figure and 
description and a dried flower in the Herbarium, is ex- 
ceedingly close to M. Mooreana, but the lower sepals are 
united much further down, and are more strongly deflexed. 
M. Gargantua is in a dried state undistinguishable from 
Mooreana except by the lower sepals being, as in velifera, 
more connate. 

M. Mooreana is believed to be a native of Venezuela, but 
I find no certain indication of its locality. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Lee for the plant 
here figured, which flowered in March of the present year. 
Flowers have also been received at Kew from Mr. A. IT. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



Kent, under the name of M. melanoxantha, luichb. f., 
which according to the description must be a very different 
plant. 

Descr. Stems tufted. Leaves four to six inches long, 
very coriaceous, linear-oblong, obtuse or minutely two-fid 
at the tip, nerveless, midrib stout at the back, deeply 
grooved in front, margins subrecurved, base narrowed 
into a stout petiole, one and a half to two inches long, 
clothed at the base with cylindric sheaths. Scapes one- 
flowered, shorter than the leaves, stout, purplish, sheathed 
at the base and middle ; sheaths cylindric, obliquely trun- 
cate, membranous. Flowers horizontal or deflexed ; ovary 
one-half to two-thirds of an inch long, cylindric, whitish, 
puberulous, speckled with red as is the perianth externally. 
Perianth three inches long, very coriaceous ; tube two- 
thirds of an inch long by one-half of an inch in diameter, 
cylindric with a short rounded mentum. Upper sepal 
gradually narrowed from a triangular-ovate base into a 
long slender coriaceous tail, margined with yellow, speckled 
above with red, dirty white within with three red nerves ; 
lower sepals connate to nearly the middle into a broadly 
ovate blade deep purple within, beyond the middle they 
are free and form slender tails like the dorsal sepals. 
Petals oblong, acute, white. Lip oblong, dirk purple, and 
villous above. Column obtuse. — J. D. II. 



Fig. ], Flower with the sepals removed; 2, lip; 3, column; 4, anther ; 
o, pollinia : — all enlarged 



7016 







Tab. 7016. 
NARCISSUS Broussonnetii. 

Native of Marocco. 

Nat. Ord. Aharyllide.£. — Tribe Amarylle.e. 
Genus Narcissus, Linn.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 718.) 



Narcissus (Aurel/a) Broussonnetii; bulbo ovoideo, foliis synanthiis linearibaa 
glaucescentibus, pedunculo compresso innltifloro, pedicellis brevibus, periantbio 
hypocrateriformi albo, tubo pollicari deorsum cylindrico sursum anguste infun- 
dibulari, segmentis ovatis imbricatis, corona subnulla, staminibus distincte 
biseriatis filamentis brevibus, stylo antheris superante. 

N. Broussonnetii, Lag. Gen. et Sj). p. 13 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1869, 
p. 1183 ; Handb. Amaryll. p. 12 ; Burb. Narciss. t. 47. 

N. obliteratus, Mil Id. inedlt. ; Scliultes Syst. Veg. vol. vii. p. 981. 

Hermione obliterate, Haw. 3fonogr. p. 13. 

Aurelia Broussonnetii, J. Gay in Ann. Sc. J\ T at. Ser. 4, vol. ix. p. 96; Ball in 
Joum. Linn. Sac. vol. xvi. p. 081. 



This is a very curious plant. It is just like the white 
Tazetta Narcissi (italicus, Panizzianus, &c.) in habit, 
leaves, perianth, stamens and pistil, but the corona is very 
nearly or entirely obliterated. It was carefully studied by 
the late Jacques Gay, one of the most painstaking 
botanists who ever lived, and his conclusion was that it 
ought to be regarded as forming a monotypic genus. It 
was first found about the beginning of the century in the 
neighbourhood of Mogadore by Broussonnet. Nothing 
more was heard of it till 1873, when specimens were sent 
by Dr. Leared to the late Daniel Hanbury. Now it has been 
introduced alive, and was flowered last winter both at 
Kew and by Sir E. G. Loder at Floore. The Floore plant 
came into flower in November, that at Kew late in De- 
cember. It will probably not prove hardy in the open 
air in England. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, the size of a hen's egg; tunics 
brown. Leaves linear, rather glaucous, contemporary with 
the flowers, finally a foot and a half long. Peduncle com- 
pressed, about a foot long. Umbel of six to nine flowers ; 
pedicels short ; spathe-valve ovate, scariose, much longer 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



than the pedicels. Perianth hypocrateriform, white; tube 
an inch long, cylindrical in the lower half, narrowly funnel- 
shaped in the upper ; expanded limb above an inch in 
diameter ; segments ovate, much imbricated, about half 
an inch long. Corona absent or very rudimentary. Sta- 
mens distinctly biseriate ; three inserted at the throat of 
the tube, three below it; filaments short; anthers oblong. 
Style much overtopping the anthers ; stigma capitate. — 
J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Half the perianth, opened ; 2, front view of anther ; 3, back view of 
anther; 4, pistil ; 5, whole flower, complete :— all more or legs enlarged. 



:o n. 







Tab. 7017. 

ERYTHRONIUxM Hendersoni. 
Native of Oregon. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace-e. — Tribe Tulipe.e. 
Genus Eeythbonium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 819.) 



Ebythbonium Hendersoni ; cornio oblongo, f'oliis oblongis purpureo tinctis ad 
basin longe attenuatis, pedunculo elongato 1-2-floro, periantbio pallide lilacino, 
basi intus saturate vinoso-purpureo, segmentis interioribus exterioribus latiori- 
bus supra unguem brevem auriculatis, staminibus perianthio 2-3-plo breviori- 
bus, ovario turbinato, stylo ovario requilongo apice stigraatoso obscure 
tricuspidato. 

E. Hendersoni, S. Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. (Contr. xiv.) vol. xxii. p. 479. 



In the Old World we have only one species of Erj/thro- 
liium. For a long time three distinct species, with several 
vaineties, have been known in America. In 1871, Dr. 
Asa Gray described the curious E. propnUans from Minne- 
sota, and last year Dr. Sereno Watson added three new 
species, the present plant, E. Howellii and E. citrinum, 
described from material obtained in Oregon by Messrs. 
Howell and Henderson. All the eight species are quite 
hardy, and resemble one another closely in habit and 
general appearance. They differ widely in the colouring 
of the flower, and in this respect the present plant comes 
nearer to the old European type than any of the others. 
Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered at Kew 
last April, which was obtained from the Harvard Botanic 
Garden. 

Desce. Gorm oblong, tunicated. Leaves two, opposite, 
produced a little above the base of the peduncle, oblong, 
dull green faintly spotted with purplish-brown, narrowed 
suddenly to a long channelled base. Peduncle slender, 
terete, six or eight inches long, bearing one or two droop- 
ing faintly-scented flowers. Perianth campanulate, about 
two inches in diameter when expanded, the segments re- 
flexing from half-way down, pale lilac, spotted with dark 
purple at the base, the outer broader than the inner, and 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



furnished with a distinct auricle on each Bide at the top of 
the short claw. Starru - than half as long as the 

perianth- segments; filaments lilac; anthers small, oblong. 
Ovary turbinate, trigonous; style as long as the ovary, 
obscurely tricuspidate at the stigmatose tip. — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Outer spgment of the perianth, with a stamen from its base ; 2, inner 
segment of perianth ; 3, a stamen ; 4, pistil : — all enlarged. 



1018. 













Tab. 7018. 

HOWEA Belmoeeana. 

Native of Lord Howe's Island. 

Nat. Old. pALMEiE. — Tribe Abecej;. 
Genus Howea, Beccari ; (Benth. et llook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 904.) 



Howea Belmoreana; caudice elato, foliis 6-8-pedalibus, segmentis numem-is 
inearibus acurainatis plicato-3-nerviis patenti-recurvis rjurginiboi raeliique 
pentagono lanoginoau, spatlia lineari-elongata longe roufcrata labkpidota, 
spadice simpliei crassa, floribus confertis basi torn* nobis inserta, masoallR 
ovoideis, sepalis latis ciliolatis, petalis duplo longioribus ovatis acutis Isribas 
glabris, staminibus perpluriunis stipite colunuuiri insertis, filamoutis hivvibus, 
antheris lineari-oblongis, fructu otirttformi. 

H. Belmoreana, Beccari, Malesia, vol. i. p. 6G (Howeia). 

Kentia Belmoreana, Moore fy Muell. in F. Muell. Fragment, vol. vii. p. 99, cum 

lc. xylog., and vol. viii. p. 234; III. Sortie, t. 181; Benth. Ft, Austral. 

vol. vii. p. 187. 

Grisebachia Belmoreana, Wendl. Sf Brude in Linnosa, vol. xxxix. p. 202, t. iv. f. 1 ; 
Brude Sf Wendl. in Naohricht. K. Geselsch. Wiss. Goett. 1875, p. 58; 
Brude in Bot. Zeit. 1877, p. 636, t. 5, f. 14, 15. 



The little group of Islands called Lord Howe's, which 
lies off the eastern coast of Australia in lat. 32° S., con- 
tains three genera of Palms, of which two are peculiar 
to the group. One of these, Iledyscepe Canterbury ana, 
the Umbrella Palm of the colonist, is monotypic; the other, 
Howea, contains probably two species, which, however, have 
not as yet been satisfactorily diagnosed. These aie II. 
Belmoreana and H. Forsteriana, of which Bentham in his 
Flora of Australia (under Kentia Belmoreana, vol. vii. 
p. 138) says that " the specimens, as far as they go, show 
no difference that I can discover in the male flowers and 
fruit, and the distinctness of the two, whether as varieties 
or species, remains to be ascertained." Mueller, he says, 
distinguishes two species, Belmoreana or " curly Palm," 
with the leaves converging upwards, and Forsteriana, or 
" thatch " or "flat-leaved Palm," with the segments hang- 
ing. If these characters hold good, the subject of the 
present plate would appear to be the Forsteriana, or thatch- 
leaf Palm, and not the true Belmoreana ; but in the wood- 
cut of the two species given by Mueller in his Fragmenta, 
the differences between them are hardly perceptible, the 

octobeb 1st, 1888. 



segments of both hanging down except a very few at the 
base of the leaf oi Forsteriana. Referring to the published 

figures of the flower and fruit of B a t they are 

identical with those of that here figured. Unfortunately 
there are no native or authentic foliage specimens of the 
two supposed species in the Kew Herbarium, though there 
are male flowers and fruits of both, received from Mueller, 
and which, as Beutham points out, are identical. There 
is, however a palm, said to be from Lord Howe's Island, 
and which is cultivated at Kew, and named (amongst other 
names) H. Forsteriana; it differs from Belmoreana in the 
much more slender and quite glabrous rachis of the leaf. 

11. Belmoreana was sent from the Sydney Botanical 
Gardens to Kew about thirty years ago, and for long bore 
the name of the Umbrella Palm (Hedysc&pe Ganterburyana) ; 
it flowered for the first time in February of this year, the 
trunk being then twenty-four feet high. ' 

Desce. Trunk slender, annulate, green, eighteen inches 
in girth at two feet from the ground. Leaves spreading 
and recurved, twelve feet long, petiole about one-sixth 
the length of the blade ; segments sessile, three to four 
feet long by two inches broad, finely acuminate, spread- 
ing and drooping, dark green, plicately five-nerved and 
many-ribbed, margins densely woolly ; nerves sparsely 
paleaceous ; base sessile ; rachis very stout, densely woolly, 
obtusely five-gonous, upper surface nearly flat between the 
bases oi the segments. Spadix from the base of the old 
eaves, shortly peduncled, erect, about eighteen inches 
long, stout, terete, simple, rachis three-quarters of an inch 
m diameter. Flowers with their bases sunk in pits of the 
rachis, males one-third of an inch long, ellipsoid, obtuse ; 
nepals broad, obtuse, ciliate, half as long as the oblong 
smooth valvate apiculate petals. Stamens very many, 
crowded on a central column, erect ; filaments very short ; 
anthers oblong, apiculate. Fern, flowers immature ; ovary 
ovoid, stigmas three triangular. Fruit one and a quarter 
to one and a half inches long, ellipsoid, smooth, apiculate. 
Seed conform to the cavity, vessels of testa ascending and 
arched.— J. D.H. 



P fvfrv 1 '^ a c 1 !5° W Q r !\ CoIlininaridstamen5 ; Sand 4, stamens; 5, fern, flower; 

iKJCwJ:]™ 1 CUt lo "^tndinally, showing the embryo :- all except 



wid. 







VincentBroolisDayA Sonlrep 



L Reeve &.C° London- 



Tab. 7019. 

RHODODENDRON Colutiianqm. 
Native of Afghanistan. 



Nat. Ord. Eeicace.e. — Tribe Rhodoke.e. 
Genoa Rhododendron, Linn.; (Bentli. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 599.) 



Ehododendbon CoIIettianum ; fruticosum, glabrum, rainulis furfuraeeis, foliis 
breviter petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis utrinque acutis subtus dense pallide 
lepidotis nervis obscuris, bracteis inflorescentis9 rotunditis coriaceis apiculatia 
ciliatis, floribus dense congestis albis, bracteis floralibus linearibus sepalisque 
oblongia obtusis villosis, corolla infundibular! 5-loba intus pubescente, lobis 
oblongo-ovatis obtusis, staruinibus 10 tubo inclusis, filamentis pilosis, antherb 
parvis, ovario brevi, stylo brevi crasso, stigmate eapitato breviter 5-lobo, 
capsula parva oblongo-ovoidea obtusa lopidoto-glaudulosa sepalis membranaeeia 
vix duplo longiore. 

It. CoIIettianum, Aitch. $" Helms, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 75, t. xx. 
figs. 1-8, and vol. xix. p. 175. 



An alpine Affghan Rhododendron, compared by its de- 
scribes, Helinsley and Aitchison, as closely approaching 
the Himalayan B. Anthopogon, but differing in the larger 
size, straight flower, ten stamens, and corolla hairy all over 
within. To me it does not appear to be nearly allied to 
any known species, except its fellow-countryman B. 
affghanicum, Aitch. & Helms., which closely resembles it 
in foliage, inflorescence, and bracts, but which has a much 
shorter corolla with exserted stamens. The corolla of 
CoIIettianum is not (as described) salver-shaped, but funnel- 
shaped. 

B. CoIIettianum was collected during the Kurrum Valley 
Expedition of 1879, by both Major Collett and Dr. 
Aitchison, on the Saf ed Koh and elsewhere in Afghanistan, 
at altitudes of 10,000 to 13,000 feet, where it commences 
at the upper limit of tree vegetation and forms thickets 
with masses of Juniper. It thus occupies a higher level 
than B. ajfghanicum, which affects rocks on the same 
mountains at 7000 to 9000 feet elevation. The plant here 
figured was raised from seed sent by Dr. Aitchison in 
1880, and which flowered in the open rock-work of the 
Royal Gardens in May of the present year. The foliage 

OCTOBER 1st, 1888. 



has the strong resinously aromatic odour that characterizes 
the alpine Himalayan species. 

Dbscb. A shrub eight to ten feet high, with nearly white 
spongy bark on the branches ; branchlets f urf uraceously- 
pubescent. Leaves two to three inches long, very coria- 
ceous, elliptic-oblong or -lanceolate, acute at both ends, 
opaque above, clothed beneath with pale brownish lepidote 
scales ; petiole one-eighth to one-half of an inch long. 
Flowers white, in dense terminal corymbs, shortly pedi- 
celled, surrounded with short broad coriaceous lepidote 
apiculate ciliate scales ; floral scales linear, obtuse, villously 
ciliate. Sepals five, subequal, oblong, obtuse, membranous, 
ciliate woolly and lepidote. Corolla nearly an inch long, 
funnel-shaped, pubescent within; lobes shorter than the 
tube, broadly oblong, tips rounded. Stamens ten, in- 
cluded within the tube of the corolla ; filaments slender, 
hairy; anthers small. Ovary short, rounded, densely 
lepidote ; style very stout with five large stigmatic lobes. 
Capsule a quarter of an inch long, shortly ovoid, obtuse, 
lepidote, almost twice as long as the persistent membranous 
sepals.—/. D. H. 



Fig. ] , Portion of under-surface of leaf ; 2, lepidote scale from do. ; 3, calyx and 
bract; 4, corolla laid open; 5, stamen ; 6, ovary : — all but Jig. 1 enlarged. 



70Z0. 






I 



m 



K1 I 
















lEfcMrfh. 



Vin^RntBrootoPaC^SQn.t 



- 



Tab. 7020. 
IRIS Albektj. 

Native of Turkestan . 

Nat. Ord. Ibide-E. — Tribe M0B.2EE.E. 
Genus Ibis, Linn. ; (Bentk. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 



Ibis Alherti ; rhizomate breviter repente, foliis magnis ensiformibus parce glau- 
cescentibus, eapitulis pluribus laxe paniculatis, spatbse valvis magnis ovatis ad 
anthesin scariosis, floribus pulcbre lilacinis brevissime pedicellatis, perianthii 
tubo brevi anguste infundibulari, segmentis exterioribus obovato-cuneatis 
recurvatis obscure cristatis conspicue barbatis, segmentis Interioribus erectis 
orbicularibus distincte unguiculatis, cristis stigmatosis brevibus, antberis albis 
filamentis brevioribus. 

I. Alberti, Kegel in Act. Peirop. vol. v. p. 260 ; Gartenfl. t. 999. 



This new Iris is one of the many novelties which have 
been discovered lately by the Russian collectors in the 
mountains of Turkestan. It was sent home alive to St. 
Petersburg by Dr. Albert Regel, after whom it was named 
by his father. The only wild specimen we possess in the 
Kew Herbarium was gathered by Felisson in 1877. In 
habit it most resembles I. pallida of our old familiar 
European types, and it has the same scariose spathe-valves. 
It is interesting botanically, because it possesses a rudi- 
mentary crest and a fully-developed beard down the claw 
of the outer segments of the perianth, so that it forms a 
connecting link between the sub-genera Pogoniris and 
Evansia. Our drawing was made from specimens fur- 
nished by Professor M. Foster, F.R.S. In England it 
flowers towards the end of May. 

Desoe. Bootstoch stout, shortly creeping. Leaves ensi- 
f orm, slightly glaucescent, one and a half or two feet long, 
above an inch broad. Inflorescence a lax panicle over- 
topping the leaves, with five or six heads ; spathe-valves 
ovate, ventricose, the outer scariose at the flowering-time, 
except in the centre towards the base ; pedicels very short. 
Flotvers bright lilac ; perianth-tube under an inch long, 
narrowly funnel-shaped, greenish ; outer segments obovate- 
cuueate, reflexing, two inches long, under an inch broad, 

OCTOBEB 1st, 1888. 



faintlv crested down the face more than half-way up, and 
densely bearded with white processes with a yellow head 
and reined on the sides up to the top of the beard with 
lines of dull brown and lilac on a white ground ; inner 
segments erect, orbicular, above an inch broad, narrowed 
suddenly to a convolute claw half or three-quarters of an 
inch long. Crests of the stigma short, not reaching to the 
top of the beard. Filaments longer than the white linear 
anthers. — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Front view of stamen ; 2, back view of stamen ; 3, stigma with its crests 
— all more or less enlarged. 






7021. 




M S.deL,J^.Rtdhlitti 



.TOoks,Day&.SonimP 



re K C°t 



on. don. 



Tab. 7021. 
disa racemosa. 

Native of South Africa. 

Xat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Ophryde^j. 
Genus Disa, Berg ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 630.) 



Disa (Vexillara) racemosa ; erecta, glaberrima, caule stricto gracili vaginato, foliis 
4 -6 radicalibus Hneari-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo laxe 4-9-flore, floribus 
subsecundis, bracteis late ovatis acutis ovario asquilongis, sepalis lateralibus 
late elliptiois obtusis, sepalo dorsali ovato obtuso concavo dorso infra medium 
tumido, petalis oblique oblongis apicibus incurvis columns basi adnatis, labello 
linear! acuto, columna dorso lamina petaloidea instructa, rostelli brachiis 
divaricatis apicibus glanduliferis. 

D. racemosa, Linn. f. Suppl. p. 406 ; Bolus in Trans. S. Afric. Phil. Sot: 
{ined.). 

!>. secunda, Swart* in EongL Vet. Acad. Handl. xxi. 213; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orch. 348. 

Satyrium secundum, Thunh. Prodr. Fl. (Jap. 4. 



I am indebted to Mr. Bolus, who is preparing at Kew a 
Monograph of the genus Disa (for publication in the 
Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society) 
for the characters and the following description of this 
beautiful plant. It is, as he informs me, a native of 
moist grassy places on the eastern side of Table Mountain, 
Cape Town, at elevations of 800 to 2500 feet, flowering in 
December and January, and it extends thence eastward to 
(irahamstown, where it has been found by Professor Mac 
Owan, now Superintendent of the Cape Botanical Gardens. 
It belongs to a section of the genus established by Mr. 
Bolus under the name of" Vexillata," in which the dorsal 
sepal is erect, nearly flat or slightly saccate ; the petals 
inarched and subexserted ; the lip usually narrow; the 
rostellum high, erect, protruded or reflexed, its arms usually 
divaricate, and the column itself is produced behind into 
a petaloid appendage which embraces the long narrow 
ascending or reflexed anther. This group contains four 
species. 

D. racemosa was brought to the Royal Gardens from 

OCTOBER 1st, 1888. 



the Cape by Mr. Watson, foreman of the propagation 
department, who visited that colony in 1837, and it flowered 
in May of the present year. 

Desce. Erect, glabrous, fifteen to thirty inches high ; 
stem nearly straight, slender, distantly clothed with close 
wrapping sheaths with shortly spreading points. Leaves 
four to six, radical, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, laxly 
spreading. Racemes distantly four- to nine-flowered; flowers 
subsecund, deep rose-red ; bracts broadly ovate, acute, 
erect, about as long as the ovary. Lateral sepals broadly 
elliptic, obtuse, mucronnlate below the apex, spreading, 
about ten lines long, seven to eight lines wide ; dorsal 
sepal ovate, concave, obtuse, bluntly and widely saccate 
behind just below the middle, about nine lines long and 
five in depth. Petals obliquely oblong, apex incurved, 
posterior margin erose, meeting and arching over the 
anther, adnate to the column at the base. Lip linear, 
acute, five lines long. Column erect or ascending; rostellum 
with divaricate arms, bearing the glands at their apices, 
furnished posteriorly with a petaloid appendage reaching 
half-way up, and closely embracing the anther; glands 
facing the front of the flower. — H. Bolus'. 



Fig. 1, Column and lip ; 2, column, anther, and arms of rostellum ; 3, pollinia :— 
all enlarged. 




MS.aeW.NPrtdUflh. 



^celBrooteDay&Sonlinp. 



L.Reeve&C<? London 



Tab. 7022. 
asarum maceanthttm. 

Native of Formosa. 

Nat. Ord. Abistolochie^:. 
Genus AsAErir, Linn. ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 122.) 



Asabum maeranthitm ; foliis deltoideo-ovatis acutis subundulatis variegatis 
cordatis sinu lato, peticlo gracili elongato nervisque subtus sparse pilosis, 
floribus numerosis brevissime pedunculatis amplis, perianthii tubo late pyri- 
formi, ore parvo disco elevato cupulari crasse carnoso plicato circumdato, 
limbi inaequaliter trilobi lobis foliaceis late ovatis obtusis marginibus lobulatis 
undulatisque, stigmatibus lineari-oblongis apicibus obtusis recurvis. 



For this remarkable species of Asarum the Royal Gardens 
are indebted to Mr. Ford, Superintendent of the Hongkong 
Botanical Gardens, who in 1884 sent dried specimens of 
it from Kelung, a town on the north coast of Formosa, 
and in 1887 living plants, which flowered in May of this 
year. It was, however, discovered as long ago as 1864 
in that same island by Mr. Richard Oldham, a collector 
sent out to Japan by Kew, and there are in the Kew 
Herbarium leaves of what appears to be the same plant 
collected in the interior of Amoy in China nearly opposite 
to Formosa by the late accomplished naturalist, Mr. R. 
Swinhoe. As a species A. macranthum differs remarkably 
from all hitherto known in the large size of the flowers and 
the dilated leafy undulate sepals, which are of a pale-brown 
colour with a tinge of yellow and purple, and are speckled 
all over. Another remarkable character is the very strong 
scent of Fenugreek (Trigonella Fcenum-grcecum), which is 
preserved even in the dried state. Its nearest congener 
is A. Thunbergii, A. Braun, figured at Tab. 4933 of this 
work. 

Desce. Leaves long-petioled, four to five inches long 
and as broad, deltoidly ovate, acute, base cordate, sinus 
broad deep, auricles rounded, pale green above and clouded 
with greenish-yellow, beneath very pale with five strong 
pink nerves and lax reticulations; petiole four to eight 
inches, slender, mottled with red streaks, as are the 

octobeb 1st, 1888. 



nerves beneath, and both have scattered hairs. Flowers 
very numerous, shortly ped uncled, two and a half inches 
in diameter. Perianth-tube broadly turbinate, two-thirds 
of an inch long, smooth, externally lacunose, internally 
the lacunae answer to cavities in the tissue of its walls; 
mouth of perianth small, with a pendulous velum, at the 
base of a deep black purple cup, the lips of which form a 
deep rim with inverted edges round the mouth of the cup, 
and are strongly plaited on the inner surface ; lobes of the 
perianth three, unequal, nearly an inch long, very broadly 
ovate with rounded tips and deeply undulate margins. 
Filaments very short ; anthers oblong, cells on the margin 
of a thick shortly produced and two-lobed connective. 
Styles very stout ; stigmas linear-oblong, decurved, with 
recurved rounded tips. — J. D. H. 



Fig 1, Bract; 2, flower (of the natural size); 3, section of perianth-tube and 
cup, showing the deflexed velum ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 0, styles and stigmas :— all 
but Jiff. 2 enlarged. J & 



7023 




Vincent Brooks,Day&So;i £nq? 



Tar. 7023. 
PHAIUS Walliohii. 

Native of the East Indies. 

Nat. Ord. OncHiDEa;. — Tribe EpiDBNDBPJk 
Genus Phaits, Loureiro ; {lien///, et Sook.f. Qen. PI. vol. iii. p. 812.) 



Phaius (Genuini) Wallichii ; elatus, foliis late elliptico-lanceolatia acotit v. aoa- 
minatis, scapo ajihyllo va^inato, rwcemo laxifloro, bracteia oblongo-Ianeeolatis 
acuminatis, sepalis petalisque | atentibns lanceolatis longe arnminaiii, labelli 
tubo amplo elongate, lirabi oblongi acuti v. acuminata margintbua recuivis 
crispatis, calcare gracili incurvo. 

P. Wallichii, Lindl. in Wall. PI. As. Bar. rol. ii. p. 46, 1. 158 ; Gcn.ct Sp.Orrfil,/. 
p. 126; Reichb.f. in WaVp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 459. 

P. bicolor, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 128; Serf. Orchid, t. 23j Bot. Mag. 
t. 4078; Wight lc. t. 1659-1600; Reichb. f. 1. e. 158; Thwaite* Enum. 
Ceyl. PI. 300. 

P. grandifolius, Lindl. in Wall. Vat. 3747 (nee Lour.). 



Phaius Wallichii is one of the stateliest of orchids, and 
at the same time one of the largest- flowered. It has a 
wide distribution in India, from the Nepal forests, in the 
tropical region, eastwards in the lower Himalaya to Assam, 
the Khasia Mountains and southward to Burma ; and it 
occurs (as P. bicolor) in Ceylon, but has not hitherto been 
found in the Madras Peninsula. The flowers vary greatly 
in colour, from the chocolate-brown of the plan) here 
figured to pale primrose-yellow, and the Bepals and petals 
are sometimes concolorous on both surfaces, at others the 
sepals are green on the back. The lip is less variable in 
colour, having the tube yellow in the basal half, dull 
reddish beyond it; the limb is white, with yellow or red 
(or both) ridges on the disk. The limb of the lip varies 
greatly in breadth, and is either truncate and apiculate or 
acute or acuminate. I find no character whatever whereby 
to distinguish the Cingalese P. bicolor, which is generally 
described as having flowers yellow tinged with red ; but in 
a drawing of it by Mrs. Walker, the colours are nearly 
the same as those of P. Wallichii, as they are in the figure 
in this work (Plate 4078), except that the backs of the sepals 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1888. 



arc green. Wight's figure of P. bicolor (Ic. PL Ind. Or. 
t. 1659-1660) confirms the identification. 

The nearest ally of P. Wallichii is the long-cultivated 
P. grandifolius, Lour. (Bletia Tankervilliae, Br., see Plate 
1924 of this work), of China, which, though now far sur- 
passed by P. Wallichii, was in my younger days considered 
to be the finest orchid in cultivation. It has smaller 
flowers, less acuminate sepals and petals, and a much shorter 
obtuse spur. It is perhaps as variable in colour, and the 
P. Blumei, Lindl. (Limodorum Incarvillei, Blume), a plant 
described from cultivated specimens in Java, is probably 
a yellow-flowered variety of the same, for a primrose- 
yellow variety of it is figured in this work (Plate 6032) 
from Australia, and under the description that accompanies 
the plate, I have recorded Dr. Reichenbach's opinion that 
P. grandifolius, Blumei and Wallichii might be regarded 
as sub-species of one. Be this as it may, /'. Wallichii v& 
more different from P. grand if oli us than the latter is from 
Blumei. 

P. Wallichii has been Ions: in cultivation in England, 
but never figured m so fine a form as that here represented, 
which was sent to Kew from Assam by Mr. C. B. Clarke, 
F.R.S., in 1886, where it flowered in May of the present year. 



Fig. 1, Column and spur; 2, anther; 3 and 4, pollinia -.—all enlarged. 



7024 




\5ncertBroote Day & Soitfxnp 



L Reeve 



Tab. 7024. 

PEUMUS FRAGRANS. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Mokimiace^:. 
Genus Peumus, Pers. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 141.) 



Peumus fragrans, Pers. Ench. vol. ii. p. 269. 

P. BoUu, Molini Sagq. St or. Nat. CAil.185, 350; Few'!?. Ohs. PI Peru«. vol iii. 

p. 11, t, 6 ; Benih. Sf Trim. Med. PI. vol. iii. p. 217. 

Boldea fragrans, Juss. in Ann. Mm. vol. xiv. p. 134; Tulasne Monogr. Monim. 
p. 410. 

Boldoa fragrans, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1845, t hi ; C. Gay Fl. Chil. vol. v. p. 353. 

Bnizia fragrans, Ruiz & Pav. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. p. 135, t. 39 ; Syst. FL Peruv. 

p. 266 -268 ; Endlieh. Ieonogr. f. 21 ; Lindl. Veg. Kingd. p. 298, f. 205. 



A plant of no beauty, but worthy of cultivation from the 
delicious fragrance of its foliage and wood, and much 
valued in Chili for the manufacture of charcoal, which is 
regarded as superior to that made of any other wood of 
the country. The aromatic fruits are eaten ; they attain 
the size and appearance of black haws, and the bark is 
used for tanning purposes. It has a wide range on the 
Chilian coast and interior, from Concepcion to Valdivia. 
The dried leaves and twigs have been introduced into 
some pharmacopoeias, being a reputed stimulant and pro- 
moter of digestion, acting principally on the liver. 

Peumus fragrans forms a bushy small tree in the 
Temperate House at Kew, flowering in the winter months ; 
the male plant alone is in cultivation. 

Desce. An evergreen shrub or small tree, attaining a 
height of twenty feet, branches slender, spreading. Leaves 
in opposite decussating pairs, one to tw T o inches long, very 
shortly petioled, broadly elliptic-oblong, obtuse, deep 
green, glandular, scaberulous on the upper surface, pale 
on the lower with raised reticulating nerves. Mowers 
white, in small terminal sessile cymes, dioecious, green. 
Male fl. Perianth half an inch in diameter, very 
broadly campanulate, ten to twelve-lobed; lobes imbricate 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



in two series, the outer subherbaceous, short, broadly 
ovate, obtuse, reflexed ; inner membranous, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, waved or twisted. Stamens very many, inserted 
on the disk in many series, filaments two-glandular below 
the middle, hairy below the glands which are stipitate ; 
anthers small two-celled, cells dehiscing longitudinally. 
Pistillode 0. Fem. FL. much smaller than the male ; peri- 
anth dehiscing circumscissly at the base ; lobes small, 
often unequal. Staminodes few, small. Carpels several, 
sessile in the base of the perianth, ovoid, tomentose,narrowed 
into an acute stigma ; ovule solitary, pendulous, anatropous. 
Drupes one to five, small, stipitate. Seed pendulous, 
albumen copious ; cotyledons broad, divaricate. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front, and 2, back view of male flower ; 3 and I, stamen ; 5, portion of 
fem. cyme from Herbarium specimens; 6, flower ; 7, carpels; and 8, drupes, all 
from the same : — all but Jig. 5 enlarged. 



rwi 



7025 




M.S.dsl,C!.HIi'b*Mh 



Vmcant-Broota^y* 3 " 1 ^ 



L "Reeve &. 0°- London. 



Tab. 7025. 

IRIS Kokolkowi. 

Type and var. concolor. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Ibide.e. — Tribe MoceejE. 
Genus Ibis, Linn. ; (JBenth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 



Ibis (Pogoniris) Korolkowi ; rhizomatosa, foliis basalibus ensiformibus glauces- 
centibus subpedalibus, caule monocephalo subpedali, spathae valvis maximis 
oblongo-lanceolatis ad anthesin viridibus, pedicellis brevibus, ovario lineari- 
oblongo angulato, perianthii tubo cylindrico subunciali, limbo albido venis 
perspicuis brunneis decorato, segmentis exterioribus obovato-cuneatis infra 
medium reflexis ungue barbato, segmentis interioribus erectis obovato-ungui- 
culatis, styli cristis latis crenatis, fructu magno anguste oblongo ad apicem 
angustato. (Tab. 7015 A.) 

I. Korolkowi, Begel Enum. Plant. Nov. Turkest. p. 32 ; Gartenflora, vol. xxii. 
(1873), p. 225, tab. 766 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 145. 

Var. concolor; floribus lilacino-purpureis venis inconspicuis (Tab. 7015 B). 



This very distinct Iris was discovered in Turkestan 
about 1870,' by the collector whose name it bears. It was 
imported into England from St. Petersburg by Mr. 
William Bull in 1874, but is still very little spread in 
English collections. We received the fruit in 1876, grown 
by Max Leichtlin at Baden-Baden. The type is most like 
I. iberica in the colouring of the flower, but in the habit 
of growth and character of the beard it approximates to 
I. biflora and lutescens. Dr. Foster's concolorous purple 
variety is now published for the first time, and of course, 
for garden purposes, is very distinct from the type. The 
species was flowered both at Cambridge and Kew in the 
month of May this present year. 

Desuk. Rhizome shortly creeping. Basal leaves ensiform, 
glaucous, a foot long at the flowering time, an inch broad. 
Peduncle one-headed, about a foot long, bearing a single 
reduced leaf below the middle. Head usually two- 
flowered ; outer spathe- valves very large, oblong-lanceo- 
late, four or five inches long, green at the flowering time, 
pedicels short. Ovary linear-oblong, strongly angled, above 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1888. 



an inch long. Perianth-tube cylindrical, an inch long ; 
limb in the type milk-white, distinctly veined with choco- 
late-brown, three inches long ; outer segments obovate- 
cuneate, reflexing from below the middle, the brown claw 
furnished with a beard of brown hairs with white tips ; 
inner segments erect, obovate-unguiculate, equal to the 
outer in length, a little broader. Style-crests ovate-deltoid, 
half an inch long, white, with brown veins. Capsule 
above two inches long, strongly angled, narrowed gradually 
to the point. 

Var. conrnlor, Foster (fig. B), is a fine variety, with 
almost concolorous bright lilac-purple flowers.— J. G. 
Baker. 

Fig. A, the type ; B, var. concolor, both life-size ; fiff. 1, an anther of var. con- 
color; 2, top of style of the same, with its crests, both enlarged. 



7026 




^centBrocks^aj&SoiiImp 



L Reeve ■& C? London. 



Tab. 702G. 

CALANTHE striata. 
Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide.e. — Tribe Epidendreje. 
Genus Calakthe, Br.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 520.) 



Calanthe striata ; foliis petiolatis plicato-nervosis elliptico-lanceolatis acnminatis, 
scapo elato, racemo multifloro, bracteis snbulatis, floribus 1^-2 poll, latis, 
sepalis petalis-que patentibus pallide cinnamomisaureo-margirntis extus anreip, 
apicibus acutis recuivis, sepalo dorsali oblongo lateralibus oblongo-lanceolatis, 
petalis paullo angustioribus, labello tripartita albo, lobis ffiquilongis lateralibus 
orbieulatis acinaciformibus v. serni-ovatis saepe lalcatis, intermedio cuneato- 
obcordato truncate lobulato v. 2-lobo, disco trilamellato laraellis aureis, calcare 
gracili incurvo sepalis dimidio breviore, columna puberula, antbera obtuse 
rostrata. 

C. striata, Brown in But. Reg. t. 573, in note; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, 
p. 251; Fol. Orchid. Calanthe, p. 9; Maxim. Met Biol pt. viii. p. 641; 
Miquel Ann. Mas. Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. p. 204; Franch. Sf Sav. Enum. 
PI. Jap. vol. ii. p. 34. 

C. bicolor, Lindl. Sert. Orchid, sub t. 9. 

Limodorum striatum, Banks Ic. Kcempf. t. 2. 



A native of Japan, where first made known by Kasmpfer, 
through the series of drawings of Japanese plants, which 
having been acquired by the British Museum, were pub- 
lished by Sir Joseph Banks, under the title of te Icones 
Kaempferianse." It is closely allied to another Japan 
species, G. discolor, Lindl. (Sert. Orchid, sub t. 9 ; Bot. 
Reg. 1840, t. 55), which differs in the smaller size and 
purplish sepals and petals, and the deeply two-lobed mid- 
lobe of the lip. None of these characters appear, however, 
to hold good ; the flowers of both vary greatly as to colour, 
and the midlobe of the lip is also very variable. Franchet 
and Maximovicz both attribute the separate figures of 
flowers in Kaempfer's figure to discolor, but they clearly 
represent those of striata, as indeed Kaampfer intends they 
should, being truncate and obscurely or irregularly lobulate, 
whereas Lindley's figureof C. discolor represents two rounded 
segments with a sinus reaching nearly to the base of the 
midlobe itself. Franchet indeed says that intermediates 
exist between striata and discolor. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



0. striata ba9 been found l>y all collectors in the woods 
near the town of Nagasaki, and by some at Kanagawa ; 
and is supposed to be not unfrequent in the Archipelago 
in mountain forests. 

For this beautiful plant the Royal Gardens are indebted 
to Mr. Moore of Glasnevin ; it flowered in the cool Orchid 
House in March of this year. It came under the name of 
C. Sieboldii, which is one of the many forms of striata. 

Descr. Stem one to six inches, formed of the sheaths 
surrounding the bases of the leaves, which are green, 
tubular, obtuse and strongly ribbed. Leaves six to ten 
inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, plicately five- to seven- 
nerved, sessile on their sheaths, or narrowed into a petiole 
which is sometimes eight inches long. Scape together 
with the raceme eighteen inches long, stout, erect ; flowers 
loosely racemed, one and a half to two and a half inches in 
diameter ; bracts small, lanceolate ; pedicels three-quarters 
of an inch long. Sepals and petals spreading, with acute 
recurved tips (in the Kew specimen), cinnamon-brown 
with golden edges internally, externally golden yellow ; 
dorsal sepal the largest, oblong, lateral oblong-lanceolate ; 
petals rather narrower. Lip rather longer than the sepals, 
white or pale yellow, three-partite, lobes of nearly equal 
length, lateral very variable in form, semi-ovate, orbicular 
or hatchet-shaped, obtuse, wing-like, midlobe cuneately 
obcordate, with three erect lamellae edged with red along 
the disk reaching nearly to the apex, and rising towards 
the base of the lip into three oblong tubercles. Spur slender, 
incurved, about half as long as the sepals if straightened 
out, white. Anther with a straight obtuse horn. Column 
very short, puberulous. — /. P. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with sepals and petals removed ; 2, column and base of lip 
3, anther ; 4, pollinia:— all enlarged. 



7027. 




VincentBroofeDay&Sanlinp 



L Reeve &. C? London. 



Tab. 7027. 

AGAVE Elemeetiana. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^:. — Tribe Agaves. 
Genus Agave, Linn. ; [Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 738.) 



Agave (Litta?a) Elemeetiana ,- acaulis, foliis 20-25 carnoso-coriaceis dense 
rosulatis oblanceolatis ad apicem sensim angustatis glaucescentibus margine 
integris apice haud pungentibus, peduticulo foliis vix longiore, bracteis infe- 
rioribus products, superioribus adpressis scariosis lineari-subulatis basi 
dilatatis, floribus in racemum densum cylindricum dispositis in bractearuin 
axillis geminis pedunculo communi obsoleto, pedicellis ovario ajquilongis, 
perianthii tubo brevi cylindrico, limbo campanulato pallide luteo segmentis 
oblongis, staminibus limbo 3-4-plo longioribus, fructu oblongo-trigono pro 
genere parvo. 

A. Elemeetiana, Jacuhi Monogr. pp. 178, 313,- Baler in Sound. Bef. Hot. 1. 103 ; 
in Gard. Chron. 1877, pt. ii. p. 748, fig. 115; Ilandh. Amaryllid. p. 193. 



This species differs from all the other Agaves except 
A. attenuata, Salm Dyck (A. glaucescens, Hook, in Bot. 
Mag. tab. 5333), in having entire broad soft leaves, and 
from that species in being monocarpic. The Agaves of 
this soft-leaved series are less hardy than the Americans 
and Marginatae. Fortunately the present plant produces 
seeds copiously in cultivation, so that there is no danger 
of its being lost. It was introduced from Mexico about 
1864, and was named by Jacobi after M. Jonghe Van 
Elemeet, whose fine collection of succulent plants was 
dispersed in 1873. It was first flowered in 1867 by Mr. 
Wilson Saunders, who received it from Chiswick. We 
have had it at Kew for many years, and flowered it several 
times. Our drawing was made from a plant at Kew in 
May, 1888. 

Desob. Acaulescent. Leave* twenty or twenty-five in a 
dense rosette, oblanceolate, one and a half or two feet 
long, four to six inches broad above the middle, narrowed 
gradually to a non-pungent tip and to three inches above 
the dilated base, soft in texture, persistently glaucous, 
nearly flat on the face and back in the lower half, entirely 

NOVEMBER ] ST, 1888. 



destitute of marginal teeth. Peduncle not much longer 
than the leaves; lower bract-leaves elongated, upper 
scariose, linear-subulate from a dilated base. Flowers 
very numerous, forming a dense cylindrical raceme, which 
is sometimes eight or ten feet long, arranged in pairs in 
the axils of the bracts, without any common peduncle ; 
pedicels half an inch long. Perianth with a very short 
cylindrical tube above the ovary ; limb campanulate, pale 
yellow, half or three-quarters of an inch long ; segments 
oblong. Stamens inserted at the base of the perianth- 
segments, above two inches long. Style finally overtopping 
the anthers. Capsule oblong-trigonous, half an inch long. 
—J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Flower, life-size i; 2, front view of anther; 3, back view of anther, both 
enlarged. 



7028. 




VmceaitBroaksJ)ay& ' 



ve & C°. L( 



Tab. 7028. 
BEGONIA Scharffil 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace^. 
Genus Begonia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Pi. vol. i. p. 841.) 



Bkgoitta Scharjjii ; elata, robuata, hinpido-piloaa, ramis petiolii pednnoulia pedt- 
cellisque s.Tn<iuineis, fnli ; s amplia oblique ovatn-cordatia acuminafia ainuato- 
dentiitis, lobia baealibna rotandxtia ainu aoatia«imo supra aatarafa riridtbag 
Bulitus sanyjuincis, nervia valid is sulifiis prominentibua, atipolia bivvibna 
triangularibue viridiba*, cymia roultiflori*, braoteia parvia ovatia, Boribna amplia 
albis, masc. majoribus aepalia orbicalaribua, petalia angoata oboTato-apatnu* 
lati«, staminibus in globmn parvura diapoaitia, antberia iineari-oblongta obtaae 
apiculatis filamentia longioribua, fi. fern, aepalia 5 dorao ^etosis late elliptioia 
obtusis, styli 3 ramis apiraGter tortia, ovario pilis sanguineis dense bi^pido 
3-loculari, placentis integris v. 2-iidis. 



The magnificent species here figured is an example of 
the great difficulty of classifying the species of the vast 
genus to which it belongs, for in having both entire and 
bifid placentae, sometimes even in the same ovary, it 
vitiates one of the very best characters hitherto employed 
for forming the great groups of Begonia. If it is to be 
regarded as normally having bifid placentas, it is referable 
to A. De Candolle's section Begoniastrum (Prodr. xv. i. 
292), and would be included in that botanist's third division 
of the group, in which the sepals are hispid externally with 
coloured hairs, but that division is further characterized 
by having either peltate or palmate leaves. If, on the 
other hand, the placentas are to be regarded as normally 
uudivided, it would be referable technically to the section 
Eivaldia. On the whole I am disposed to refer it to 
Begoniastrum, because of its obvious affinity with B. 
Schmidtiana (Regel, Gartenflora, vol. xxviii. (1879) p. 321, 
t. 990), which is also a native of South Brazil, and is 
referred by its author to Begoniastrum, By a curious 
coincidence the latter plant bears the name of a member of 
the eminent firm of Horticulturists by which B. 8charffiana 
was introduced. B. Schmidtiana differs in its glabrous 
ovary. 

Messrs. Haage and Schmidt inform me, that mixed with 
the seed of the plant here figured, were those of two other 

DECEMBER 1.8T, 1888. 



species or varieties. Of the three one has produced a 
noble plant of dwarf habit fifteen to eighteen inches high; 
another is a plant three to three and a half feet high, with 
smaller male flowers, but no pollen ; the third has the 
habit of the first, but is smaller, like a starved form. In 
the same letter Messrs. H. and S. request that the first or 
second should bear the name of the discoverer of all, Herr 
D. Scharff. 

Bee harffiana was introduced by Miss Haage and 

Schmidt from the Peninsula of Destierro in the Island of 
St. Catherine, S. Brazil, and is possibly a native of the 
Sierra de Catherina in the interior of the province of that 
name. It is one of the most magnificent species of the 
genus. The Royal Gardens are indebted to the importers 
for the plant from which our figure was taken. It flowered 
for the first time in September, 1887, producing female 
flowers; these were followed in October by male flowers 
and female buds, and in November again by another crop 
of male flowers. 

Desce. Whole plant hispid with red leaves. Stem one 
to one and a half feet high, branched ; branches, leaves 
beneath, petioles, peduncles and pedicels blood-red, patently 
hairy. Leaves a foot long and more, very obliquely ovate- 
cordate with rounded lobes and an acute sinus, acuminate, 
sinuate and very obtusely toothed, hairy on both surfaces, 
dark green above with impressed reddish nerves ; stipules 
short, triangular-ovate, green. Cyw* large, unisexual, 
much branched, many-fld. ; bracts small, ovate-lanceolate, 
brown, deciduous ; flower white with a few red hairs on 
the back of the sepals. Malefl. two and a half inches 
in diameter; sepals orbicular, coriaceous. Petals small, 
narrowly spathulate, obtuse. Stamens forming a small 
globose mass ; anthers linear-oblong, obtusely apiculate, 
longer than the filament. Fern. fl. one and a half to 
one and three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; sepals sub- 
equal, broadly elliptic, obtuse. Ovary densely hispidly 
villous with long red hairs, three-celled ; styles large, the 
twisted arms stout, resembling small spiral shells ; pla- 
centas simple or two-fid in separate or the same ovaries. — 
J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Back and front view of stamen ; 3, ovary and styles ; 4, transverse 
section of do. -.—all enlarged. 



702V. 




ftncertt Brooks ,Lay *-Sor.. 






Tab. 7029. 

IRIS SdWABOWL 

Native of Central Asm. 

Nat. Ord. Ieideje.— Sub-order Mo&XB.£. 
Genus Ibis, Linn. ; (JBenth. et Mook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 686.) 



Ibis (Pogoniris) Suwarowi; rbizomatosa, foliis linearibus glaucis falcatis pe- 
dalibus. pedunculo monocepbalo subpedali, spathse valvis exterioribus oblongo- 
lanceolatis ventricosis ad anthesin viridibue, ovario Bobcvlindrico breviter 
pedicellate, perianthii tubo cvlindrico ovario eequilonjro, segmentis luteo- 
viridibus crebre rubro-purpureo linearis, exteriorious oblongo-cuneatis supra 
medium barb.itis, interioribus oblongis lona^e unguiculatis, ungue ssepe sed 
baud semper leviter barbato, styli cristis deltoideis erenulatis, antheris linearibus 
filameuto brevi. 

I. Suwarowi, Be a el Descr. Plant. Nov. fasc. x. p. 45; Garten/I. vol. xxxv. (1886) 
p. 397. 

I. lineata, Foster; Regel Oartenfi. vol. xxxvi. (1887) p. 201, t. 1244, figs. 1-6. 



This is another very distinct Iris, which has lately been 
discovered in Central Asia. Our single wild specimen in 
the Kew herbarium was gathered by Dr. Albert Regel 
in Turkestan in June, 1885. It was flowered by J\lax 
Leichtlin at Baden Baden in 1886, and both at Kew and 
by Professor Foster in May, 1888. The various specimens 
show a considerable range of variation, and it seems quite 
clear now that Iris I'm eni a of Foster is a mere form of the 
original Suwarowi. Botanically the species is interesting, 
because it varies in the presence or absence of a beard 
down the claw of the inner segments of the perianth. I 
am quite prepared now to admit, what Professor Foster 
has for some time maintained, that it is not desirable to 
keep up Hexajiogon as a section of the genus Iris distinct 
from Pogoniris. 

Descr. Rhizome short, creeping. Produced leaves gene- 
rally three on a side, linear, falcate, very glaucous, finally 
a foot long, a quarter of an inch broad. Peduncle one- 
headed, a foot long, bearing two or three much-reduced 
leaves. Outer spathe-vahes oblong-lanceolate, acute, ven- 
tricose, green at the flowering time, two or two and a half 

DECEMBEB 1ST, 1888. 



inches long. Ovary subcvlindrical, shortly pedicellate, 
under an inch long; perianth-tube cylindrical, greenish, 
as long as the ovary; limb two inches long; segments 
closely veined with oblique lines of claret-purple on a 
greeuish-yellow ground ; outer oblong-cuneate, half an inch 
broad, with a distinct lilac-blue beard, reaching more than 
half-way up ; inner segments oblong, with a long claw, 
which is frequently, but not always faintly bearded. Style 
an inch long, including the deltoid crenulate crests. Anthers 
linear, half an inch long, much exceeding the filament. — 
J. G. Baler. 



Fi>;s. land 4. inner segment* of the perianth, from two different plants, fifi-xhr : 
?, anther, trout view; 3, anther, back view; 5, top of style, with crests :— all 
enlarged. 



row 



. 



; 







L Reeve &.C? London. 



Tab. 7030. 

PENTAPERA sicula. 
Native of Sicily, Cyprus and Cyrenaica. 

Nat. Ord. Ekicace-E— Tribe Ertce.e. 
Genus Pentapeha, Klotzsch ; {Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 589.) 



1'i::>Tapera sicula; frotiouloa erectus ramosus viscido-puberulus, foliis quaternis 
palulis linearibus obtusiusculis marginibus recurvis, floribus terminalibus sub- 
corymbosis uutantibus, bracteis linearibus pallidis, calyce 5-partito, sepal is 
lineari-oblongis obtusis, petalis utrinque pubescentibus, corollas majuscule 
tubo ovoideo-urceolato tenuissimo puberulo, limbi lobis 5 raiius 4 late ovatis 
recurvis, staininibus 5 rarius 4 inclusis, tilamento cotnplanato geniculato, 
anthers basi doiso affixa? oration profunde 2-fidoe loculis paullo divancatis, 
ovario 5-loculari pubescente, stylo glabro, stigmate capitato. 

I'. sicula, Klotzsch in IAnnma, vol. xii. p. 497; Benth. in DC Prodr. vol. vii. 
p. 613 ; Link, Klotttch Sf Otto, Ic. PI. vul. iii. 1. 19. 

Erica sicula, Gussone Prodr. Fl. Sir. vol. i. p. 463, and Fl. Sic. Synapt. vol. i. 
p. 447. 

The genus Pentapera was founded by Klotzscb on the 
only known species of Erica in which the flowers are 
pentamerous, which would be a very sufficient character 
whereby to distinguish it from the vast host of plants 
comprised under the tribe Ericece, were it but constant. 
Such, however, is not the case, some flowers being tetra- 
merous. It has, however, two other characters which 
help to distinguish it from the European heaths, namely, 
the large sepals, and very pubescent ovary, the latter of 
which characters I believe it shares with E. Tetralir, 
alone. It is considerably the largest-flowered of the 
northern Heaths. 

The locality inhabited by Pentapera was long supposed 
to be the maritime limestone rocks on the west side 
of the Island of Sicily. It has, however, very recently 
been found in two distant localities, namely, in Cyprus 
by Sinterus and Rigo, and by Taubert in Barca (Cyrenaica 
of the Ancients). 

The Kew plant from which this figure was taken was 
sent by Professor Todaro from the Botanical Garden 
of Palermo in 1886, and flowered for the first time in May 

decembeb 1st, 1888. 



of the present year in a cool greenhouse. The flowers were 
pure white, but are described in Gossone's Flora Sicula as 

flesh-coloured. 

Desce. A much-branched shrub one to two feet high ; 
branches slender, erect, all parts viscidly puberulous. 
Leaves uniform, in rather close-set whorls of four, half an 
inch long, spreading, linear, subacute, dark green, margins 
recurved, white beneath. Flow*, ra in terminal subcorymbose 
clusters of four to six, pedicelled, nodding or drooping; 
pedicels a quarter to one-half of an inch long, reddish ; 
bracts like the leaves, but pale pink. five-partite, 

segments oblong-lanceolate, pale pink, spreading. Corolla 
one-third of an inch long, ovoidly urceolate, terete, white 
or pale flesh-coloured ; lobes small, broadly ovate, obtuse, 
reflexed. Stamens 5, included; filaments short, flat, geni- 
culate near the top ; anthers erect, inserted at the back 
near the base, bipartite, cells slightly diverging, slits elon- 
gate. Disk-glands obscure. Ovary terete or obscurely 
ten-grooved, truncate, pubescent, white; style elongate, 
glabrous; stigma capitate ; cells five, many-ovuled. Cap- 
sule crustaceous, loculicidally five-valved, many-seeded. 
Seeds minute, shining. — J. I).H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, pedicel and flower ; 3 and 4, front and back view of stamens ; 
5, ovary ; 6, transverse section of do. :— all enlarged. 



031 




Tap. 7031. 
hexisia bidentata. 

Native of the United States of Colombia. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^:. — Tribe Epidendee^:. 
Genus Hexisia, Lindl. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 524.) 



Hexista bidentata ; internodiis fusiformibus sulcatis vaginatis, foliis 2 oppositis 
cmiaceis linearibus apice obtuse 2-dentatis canaliculatis dorso carinatis, racemis 
breviterpedunci:latis paucifloris basi vaginatis, pedicellis breviusculis,perianthio 
patente miniato, sepalis ovato-oblongis obtusi?, petalis paullo minoribus, labello 
sepalis a?quilongo lineari-oblongo obtuso, ungue basi columnar adnatc, columnar 
auriculis oblongis obtnsis marginibus sinuato-2-dentatis, antbera depresso- 
hemispberica, polliniis 4 subglobosis gracile stipitatis callo viscoso insertis. 

II. bidentata, L'miU. in Hook. Journ. Bot. vol. i. (1834) p. 8 ; Reiehb.f. in 
Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 170, and in Beitr. Orchid. Centr. Am. p. 58. 



U( xisia, or as it was originally, probably by inadvertence, 
spelt Hexisea, is a small genus of Mexican, Central American, 
and tropical South American Orchids, of which one species 
only had previously been figured, the IT. imbricata, Reichb. 
f. (as Diotlwncra imbricata) in Lindley's " Sertum Or- 
chidearum," t. 40, f . 1 ; a native of Roraima in Guiana. 
The genus was first described as having a closed perianth; 
an error corrected in the " Genera Plantarum," where, 
however, the lip is described as erect, which is not the case 
in the specimen here figured. 

//. bidentata was discovered by Cuming in "Western 
Colombia and Panama, and subsequently found by CErsted 
in Nicaragua. The plant here figured was procured for 
F. A. Phifbrick, Esq., Q.C., in 1887, and flowered in the 
Royal Gardens in June of the present year. 

Desck. Stem tufted, six to eight inches high, stout, 
branched, formed of fusiform many-grooved internodes one 
to two inches long, clothed when young with appressed 
subacute sheaths. Leaves in pairs in the terminal inter- 
nodes, coriaceous, two to four inches long by a quarter 
of an inch broad, spreading, linear, obtusely two-fid at the 
apex, channelled above, keeled beneath, dark green. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1888. 



Flower* in shortly pedicelled few-flowered racemes from 
between the leaves; pedicels half an inch long, clothed 
with ovate-acute sheaths; bracts lanceolate, shorter 
than the pedicels, which are about half an inch long ; 
flowers suberect ; lip anticons. Perianth an inch in 
diameter, spreading, scarlet. Sepals ovate-oblong, obtuse. 
Petals rather smaller. Lip about as long as the sepals, 
linear-oblong, sharply deflexed from the claw, which is 
adnate to the face of the column, sides straight, apex 
obtusely triangular, disk smooth, base fleshy. Column 
short, side lobes reaching a little above the level of the 
anther, oblong, obtuse, obtusely two-toothed on the an- 
terior margin. Anther four-celled, depressed ; pollinia four, 
subglobose, with slender stalks that are attached to a 
viscous mass. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1, Ovary, lip and column; 2, front view of column ; 3, anther ; t, polli- 
nia : — all enlarged. 



Tail 7032. 
PRIMULA Rusbyf. 

Notice of Xew Mexico. 



Nat Ord. Pbw l lack £.— Tribe PsucPXJUt. 
Genus Primula, £»**. ,• (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 631.) 



Pm ij tla Busbj/i ; foliie efarinosis oblancolato-spatbulatis subacutis in petiolum 
angustatis denticulatis, scapo gracili 6-10-flore, involucri albo-1'arinosi bracteis 
parvii ovato-Ianceolatis linearibusve subacutis, pedicellis elongatis graoilibus, 
fioribua saturate roseisnutantibus, calycisoblongi-farinosi lobis lineari-oblongis 
aeutis erect is, corolla; tubo cylindraceo calyce longiore, limbi subconcavi lobis 
obcordatis. fauce nudo non dilatato, staminibus parvis inclusis, ovario globoso, 
stiguiate capitcllato. 

P. Husbyi, Greene in Bull. Torre)/ But. Club, vol. viii. p. 122; A. Gray, Synopt. 
FL N. Am. vol. ii. pt. i. p. 899. 



One of the most noticeable features in the Flora of North 
America, as contrasted with that of the temperate Old 
World, is the almost total absence of Primulas in the low- 
lying regions of the western continent, and their rarity in 
its mountains. The number of North American species 
is only twelve, and are as follows. Three, all Asiatic, are 
confined in America to the shores of Behring's Straits, 
namely, P. nivalis, Pall., cuneifolia, Ledeb., and borealis, 
Duby ; P. eyalUisensis, Hornem., is confined to Greenland, 
and probably a form of sibirica, Jacq., which is widely 
distributed in the Old World, but is Arctic only in 
America. P. mistassinica, Micbaux, a European species 
also Arctic in America, alone is found as far south as New 
York and Lake Superior, whence it advances north to the 
Arctic Sea, and turns south again along the Rocky Moun- 
tains, but does not reach Colorado. The common European 
P. farinosa is the most widely distributed of all American 
Primulas, being found from Maine and Lake Superior 
throughout the Arctic regions, and descending the Rocky 
Mountains to Colorado. This leaves four species endemic in 
Continental America, all confined to the Rocky Mountains, 
namely, P. angustifolia and svffrutescens, neither of which 
has hitherto been introduced into cultivation ; the lovely 

DECEMBEB 1ST, 1888. 



P, Parryi, Gray, figured at Tab. G185 of this work, and the 
species now figured. 

P. Busbyi is the most recently discovered of American 
Primulas, and was first found in the Mogollon Mountains 
of New Mexico by the traveller whose name it bears, and 
subsequently by Pringle on the summit of Mount "Wright- 
son, one of the Santa Rita Mountains, in the adjacent 
territory of Arizona. The flowers of P. Rusbyi are described 
by Mr. Greene as being as large and as richly coloured as 
those of P. Parryi, a statement not confirmed by a com- 
parison of native specimens or of the figures given in this 
work. The Kew plants were communicated by Mr. Ware of 
Tottenham. The introducer of the species (in 1885) was 
Mr. Dean of Bedfont. 

Descr. Leaves three to five inches long, not sheathed at 
the base, narrowly spathulate, subacute, callously crenulate, 
narrowed into the rather slender petiole, pale green above. 
Scape longer than the leaves, slender, farinose at the tip, 
and on the short erect lanceolate bracts, and slender pedicels 
which are suberect and one to two inches long. Flowers 
inclined or drooping. Calyx cylindric, one-third of an inch 
long, cleft to the middle into oblong subacute erect lobes. 
Corolla bright rose-red; tube cylindric, rather longer than 
the calyx; limb three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 
lobes obcordate rather incurved, mouth small, yellow, not 
thickened. Stamens very small ; anthers linear-oblong. 
Ovary globose, style slender, stigma capitate. — J.D.H. 



Fig. 1, Apex of leaf ; 2, calyx ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, pistil -.—all enlarged. 



INDEX 

To Vol. XLIV. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXIV. of the 

whole Work. 



6992 Abies Nordmanniana. 

7027 Agave Elemeetiana. 

6994 Allium Suworcnvi. 
6981 Aloe Hildebrandtii. 

6995 Alpinia oflicinarum. 

6978 Amorpbophallus virosus. 
7011 Aristolochia Westlandi. 
7022 Asarum macrantbum. 

7004 Asphodelus acaulis. 

7028 Begonia Scharffii 

6989 Brodisea (Triteleia) Howellii. 

7020 Calanthe striata. 
7014 Caraguata Andrcana. 
7002 Cassia coquimbensis. 
6998 Catasetum Bungerothi. 
6991 Cattleya lutea. 

6974 Ceratotheca triloba. 

7006 Coelogyne graminifolia. 

6979 Coelogyne Massangeana. 

7007 Cyperorchis elegans. 

6993 Dendrobium clavatum. 

7021 Disa racemosa. 

6996 Douglasia laevigata. 
7009 Echinocactus Haselbergii. ' 

7017 Erytbronium Hendersoni. 
6986 Heloniopsis japonica. 
7031 Hexisia bidentata. 

7018 Howea Belmoreana. 
7000 Huernia aspera. 

7005 Uliciura verum. 
7020 Iris Alberti. 



7025 Iris Korolkowi. 

7029 Iris Suwarowi. 
6999 Koempferia secunda. 
7003 Macrotomia Benthami. 
6977 Masdevallia Chestertoni. 
6990 Masdevallia gibberosa. 

7015 Masdevallia Mooreana. 

6985 Mesembryanthenium Brownii. 

7016 Xarcissus Broussonnetii. 

7012 Xarcissus Pseudo-Narcissus, 

var. Jobnstoni. 
6988 NymphsBa (hybrida) kewensis. 

6982 Oncidium Jonesianum. 
6987 Onosma pyramidalis. 
7001 Palicourea nicotianeefolia. 
6997 Passiflora violacea. 

7030 Pentapera sicula. 
7024 Peumus fragrans. 
7023 Phaius Wallichii. 
6973 Phormium Hookeri. 
6984 Primula geraniifolia. 
7032 Primula Rusbyi 
6976 Primus Jacqueinontii. 
7019 Bhododendron Collettianum. 
6980 Salvia scapifortnis. 

7010 Sarcocbilus Hartmanni. 

7013 Spatboglottis Vieillardi. 
6975 Thunbergia affinis. 
7008 Trevesia palmata. 

6983 Vanda Sanderiana.