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Pants of tfie nopal ISotantc ©attorns of 1&eto, 






{Or Vol. C XL III. of tlie WJiole Work.) 

*'or all that nature by her mother-wit 

Could frame in earth, and forme of substance base 

AY as there ; and all that nature did omit, 

Art, playing second nature's part, supplyed it.— SPENSER. 

L. KEEVE & CO., LTD., 

Publishers to the Home, Cohnial,and Indian Governments, 


{Ail rights reserve!.] 






M.A., A.L.S., V.M.H., 

curator, botanic garden, cambridge, 

to whose enthusiasm and skill 

as a cultivator, 

and to whose generosity 

as a contributor, 

The Botanical Magazine 

is indebted for many subjects, 

this volume 

is cordially dedicated. 

Kew, Dtcember, 1917. 


To Vol. XIIT. (1917) of the Fourth Series, or Vol. CXLIII. 
of the whole Work. 

8713 Aesculus turbinata. 

8692 Amorphophallus Kerrii. 

8700 Anguloa Cliftonii. 
8728 Aster fuscescens. 

8722 Berberis aggregata. 

8701 „ Stapfiana. 

8723 Bulbophylkim lilacinum. 

8715 Campanula Ephesia. 
8730 Castilleja miniata. 
8706 Chirita Trailliana. 

8702 Clematis Fargesii , var. Souliei. 
8708 Corylopsis Willmottiae. 
8694 Cotoneaster salicifolia, var. 


8740 Cryptophoranthus Dayanus. 

8693 Cytisus albus. 
8732 Daphne Giraldii. 

8716 Disanthus cercidifolia. 

8741 Grevillea oleoides. 
8697 Maurandia Purpusii. 
8734 Megacarpaea polyandra. 

8703 Mesembryanfchemum Pil- 

8712 Myrsine africana. 

8725 Odontoglossum chiriquense. 

8718 „ platycheilum. 

8719 Oreocharis Forrestii. 

8726 Oresitrophe rupifraga. 

8731 Orthrosanthus chimbora- 

8699 Pilea Forgeti. 
8717 Pinus tuberculata. 
8711 Plagiospermum sinense, 

forma brachypoda. 
8729 Pleione Pricei. 
8724 Polygonum Griffithii. 

8735 Primula nutans. 

8733 Prunus subhirtella, var. 

8710b Pyrola bracteata. 
8710a „ uliginosa. 

8695 Quercus densiflora. 

8721 Rhododendron CuQeanum. 

8696 „ discolor. 

8736 „ Fargesii. 
8727 „ neriiflorum. 

8704 Rubus illecebrosus. 

8737 Sarchochilus solomonensis. 
8707 Saxifraga manshuriensis. 

8738 Sechium edule. 

8705 Senecio Hectori. 
8698 „ Monroi. 

8720 Sinofranchetia chinensis. 
8714 Stauropsis Imthurnii. 

8739 Syringa Wilsonii. 
8709 Yanda luzonica. 


- I k ■ imp 

Tab. 8692. 



Aroideae. Tribe Pythonieae. 
Amorphophallus, Bl. ; Benth. et Hook. /. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 970. 

Amorphophallus Kerrii, N. E. Brown in Ke7V Bulletin, 1912, p. 43 ; affinis 
A. corrugato, N. E. Br. sed petiolo albido-viridi-maculato, ovariis viridibus 
stylis brevioribus et appendice levi differt. 

Herba tubevosa perennis. Folium solitarium, erectum, glabrum; petiolus 
1 m. longus, viridis albido-viridi-maculatus ; lamina trisecta, ramis semel 
furcatfs pinnatisectis ; segmenta inferiora 5-10 cm. longa, 3-5-5 cm. lata, 
elliptica vel lanceolata ; segmenta ultima 15-25-' cm. longa, 5 -5-7 -5 cm. 
lata, lanceolata, acuta vel acuminata, basi in alam 0*4-2 cm. latam 
decurrentia. Pedunculus 25 cm. (vel ultra ?) longus, 1 cm. crassus, atro- 
viridis vel olivaceo-brunnev>s, ocellis albido-viridibus maculatus. Spatha 
erecta, 15-18 cm. longa, 5-6 cm. lata, lanceolata, concava apice leviter 
procurva, acuta, basi breviter convoluta marginibus haud undulatis, 
viridis, extra ocellis albido-viridibus maculata. Spadix spatha multo 
breyior, stipitata ; pars f eminea 1 " 5-2 • 5 cm. longa, 1 ' 5 cm. crassa, 
cylindracea, viridis ; pars mascula l-5-2'5 cm. longa, 1-2-2-5 cm. crassa, 
cylindracea vel ellipsoidea, alba ; appendix 3*8-5 cm. longa, 1-6-2-5 cm. 
crassa, subcylindrica vel obtuse trigono-ovoidea, levis, lacteo-alba vel 
pallide luteo-viridis. Baccae 1*5 cm. longae, 1 cm. crassae, ellipsoideae, 
cneruleae. — N. E. Bi ^vn. 

The handsome Amorphophallus here figured is one of 
several species of the genus obtained by Dr. A. F. G. 
Kerr in the Chiengmai district, Siam, tubers of which 
were forwarded by him to Professor H. H. Dixon for 
cultivation in the Botanic Garden of Trinity College, 
Dublin. The present species, one of the most strikin-z, 
flowered there in March in the years 1910, 1911 and 1912 
and ripened fruits in July, 1915 ; as is not unusual in the 
genus, the J eaves appear after the flowers. For the fresh 
material at its various stages utilised in preparing our plate 
we are indebted to Professor Dixon. Mr. S. G. Wild, 
whose enthusiasm is so well known, and to whom the care 
of the tubers was intrusted, informs us that A. Kerrii is best 
grown in a compost consisting of two parts good loam 
with one part each of leafsoil, peat and sand. It requires 
ample pot-room, a genial atmosphere and a temperature 

January, 1917. 

ranging from 65° to 70° F. during the growing season. 
Corms potted at the beginning of March flower in April 
and May, when adequate water should be supplied till 
about the end of September, an occasional application 
of liquid cow manure being beneficial. After September 
the pots may be stored in heated frames with a minimum 
temperature of about 45° F., and should be kept quite 
dry. The corms are readily increased by offsets, and if 
one is fortunate enough to fertilize the flowers, seeds may 
be obtained which, if sown as soon as ripe, produce new 
corms which should flower about their third season. 

Description. — Herb, perennial, tuberous. Leaf solitary, erect, glabrous ; 

Eetiole over 3 ft. long, green, blotched with greenish-white; lamina 3-sect, the 
ranches once forked, and pinnatisect ; lower segments 2-4 in. long, 1£-2J in. 
wide, elliptic or lanceolate ; terminal segments 6-10 in. long, 2J-3 in. wide, 
lanceolate, acute or acuminate, decurrent below in a wing |— § in. wide. 
Peduncle 10 in. long or perhaps in wild plants taller, over } in. thick, dark 
green or olive-brown with greenish -white blotches. Spathe erect, 6-9 in. long, 
2-2J in. wide, lanceolate, concave, slightly curved forward at the tip, acute, 
slightly convolute at the base, margins even, green, outside with greenish- 
white blotches. Spadix stipitate, much shorter than the spathe ; female 
portion f-1 in. long, § in. thick, cylindric, green ; male portion f-1 in. long, 
i-f in. thick or rather thicker, cylindric or ellipsoid, white ; appendix 1£-1 f in. 
l° n g> f-1 in- thick, subcylindric or bluntly trigonous-ovoid, smooth, milky- 
white or pale yellowish-green. Berries f in. long, over \ in. thick, ellipsoid, blue. 

Tab. 8692. — Fig. 1, flowering spadix; 2, male flowers; 3, female flowers; 
4, ovary in vertical section, with ovules ; 5, sketch of an entire plant :— all 
enlarged except 1, which is of natural size, and 5, which is much reduced. 


.'inr «mt Brooks. 

Tab. 8693. 

Spain and Portugal. 

Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Cytisus, Linn ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 484. 

Cytisus albus, Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. vol. ii. p. 241 ; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. 
p. 153 ; Loud. Arboret. pars iii. p. 589, fig. 282 ; Spach in Ann. Sc. Nat. 
3me ser. vol. iii. p. 152; G. Don, Gen. Sijst. vol. iii. p. 154; Willk. et 
Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp. vol. iii. p. 457 ; C. Schneider, Handb. Laubholzk. 
vol. ii. p. 43 ; Bean, Trees <t Shrubs, vol. i. p. 457 : nee C. albus, Haquet, 
stirps balcanica melius monente Briquet pro subspjecie C. supini, Linn., 
Jiabenda; species C. purganti, Benth., et C. acutangulo, Jaub. et Spach, 
affinis, ab illo noribus albis nee luteis, ab hoc foliolis pro ratione angustis, 
ab utroque habitu graciliore, ramis elongatis foliis inferioribus 3-foliolatis 
nee omnibus 1-foliolatis differt. 

Frutex erectus ad 2 m. altus, admodum ramosus ramis multicostatis primo 
argenteo-sericeis mox glabrescentibus. Folia inferiora 3-foliolata, petiolo 
6-8 mm. longo suffulta, superiora 1-foliolata, petiolata vel subsessilia ; 
foliola lineari-lanceolata vel anguste oblonga, in planta culta ad 12 mm. 
longa, 4 mm. lata, in spontanea minora et pro ratione angustiora, 
argenteo-sericea ; stipulae 0. Flore* copiosissime secundum ramos virgatos 
dispositi, solitarii vel 2-3-ni ex axillis foliorum ; pedicelli graciles, 4-5 mm. 
longi. Calyx persistens, breviter campanulatus, parce pilosiusculus, 
labiis aequilongis brevibus denticulatis. Corolla alba vel in prole quadam 
culta roseo-tincta, petalis aequilongis ad 1 cm. longis. Legumen sub- 
oblique lineari-oblongum, 2 -5-3 '5 cm. longum, 6-8 mm. latum, adpresse 
sericeo-hirsutum. — C. multiflorus, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, p. 112 ; 
Briquet, Etud. Cytis. p. 154 ; Aschers. & Graebn. Syn. Mitteleurop. Fl. 
vol. vi. Abteil. ii. p. 300. C. lusitanicus, Quer apud Willk. Prodr. Fl. 
Hisp. Suppl. p. 256 ; Lazaro, Compend. Fl. Esp. vol. ii. p. 227 ; Coutinho, 
Fl. Portug. p. 427. Genista alba, Lamk, Encyc. Meth. vol. ii. p. 622. 
G. multiflora, Nouv. Duham. vol. ii. p. 76, t. 23. Spartium multtflorum, 
Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1, vol. iii. p. 21 ; Willd. Sp. PI. vol. iii. p. 930 et Enum. 
Hort. Berol. vol. ii. p. 744; Ait. fil. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. iv. p. 256. 
S. multtflorum incarnatum, Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1052. S. dispermum-, 
Moench, Meth. p. 130 ; Willk. in Ust. Mag. vol. iv. pars xi. p. 35, t. 2. 
8. album,, Desf. Fl. Atlant. vol. ii. p. 132. Spartothamnus albus, Presl, 
Bot. Bemerk. p. 138. Sarothamnus parviflorus, Willk. et Cut. ex Willk. 
in Linnaea, vol. xxx. p. 95. Spartocytisus albus, C. Koch, Dendrol. vol. i. 
p. 31.— O. Staff. 

The Portugal White Broom, here figured, a native of 
northern and central Spain and Portugal, has had a 
somewhat chequered cultural history. Whether it be, 
as Lamarck and others have thought, the Genista alba 

Januaky. 1917. 

figured by Tabernaemontanus in 1538, seems open to 
doubt ; L'Escluse, whose Spanish notes were published 
in 1576, does not allude to the species, and Tabernaemon- 
tanus has not recorded the native habit of his plant. 
Tournefort, who met with this broom in Portugal in 
1688, named it Cytisus lusitanicus foliis minimis argenteis 
parvoflore albo, and sent a specimen to Bobart, who iden- 
tified both it and some specimens of Retama monospermy 
Boiss., with the Genista alba of Tabernaemontanus. The 
specimen given by Tournefort to Bobart is still in the 
Morison herbarium at Oxford, but that the plant had 
not been introduced to English gardens in 1699 when 
Bobart wrote, seems clear from the fact that there is no 
reference to it in the works of Ray. The earliest record 
of its cultivation in this country occurs in the third, or 
1739, edition of Miller's Dictionary, where, as well as in the 
three subsequent issues of that work, it is given as the 
Portugal Base-Tree-Trefoil ; in the second edition of the 
Hortus Kewensis, the younger Aiton, in 1812, refers to 
the circumstance that it was grown by Miller as recently 
as in 1752. Shortly thereafter the plant would seem to 
have been lost to English gardens ; it is not included in 
the seventh edition of 1759, or in any later issue of 
Miller's work; moreover, the elder Aiton, in the first 
edition of the Hortus Kewensis, in 1789, treated it as 
a new Spartium, S. multiflorum, which he termed the 
Portugal White Broom, introduced to this country by 
Mr. James Gordon about 1770. Since this second intro- 
duction the plant has persisted in our collections ; indeed, 
in 1812, a third introduction took place, this time of a 
form which is, however, but an unstable colour-variant, 
m which the flowers are flushed with pink. According 
to Loddiges, this form with incarnate blos-:oms was 
raised from seeds by Thomson at Mill-end; Loddiges, 
however, adds that " it may be increased by seeds which 
are perfected in abundance, but the produce are not all 
pink-flowered." Indeed, as our illustration shows, sprays 
with white flowers and others with the petals tinged with 
pink may at times be present on the same plant. That 
the Portugal White Broom is, as Tournefort had decided, 
& Cytisus, is not open to doubt, and Willkomm has stated 
that Quer, who accepted this view, actually named it 

C. lusitanicus in conformity with Linnean principles. In 
the supplement to his Spanish flora Willkomm has 
accordingly adopted this obviously apposite name, and 
in this he has been followed by recent Spanish and 
Portuguese authors. Willkomm, however, has not cited 
the passage in which the name C. lusitanicus, Quer, 
occurs ; the name is not employed in the Flora Espaiiola 
published by Quer in 1762 and completed by Ortega in 
1784. In 1789 Lamarck, adopting the view of Bobart, 
treated this broom as a Genista, so that the name G. alba, 
Lamk, is the earliest verifiable one applied in conformity 
with modern usage. Unfortunately, long before Link, 
in 1822, retransferred the species to Cytisus, another 
C. alius, from south-eastern Europe, had in 1790 been 
duly described by Haquet. Meanwhile the elder Aiton, 
in 1789, had placed the Portugal White Broom in 
Spartium, as S. multiflorum ; so that when Sweet, in 
1826, corrected this error the species was transferred to 
Cytisus as C. multifiorus. In order to avoid the con- 
fusion created by the fact that the name C. albus had 
been used for two different brooms from south-eastern 
and south-western Europe respectively, recent writers, 
following Briquet, who has monographed the genus 
Cytisus with singular care, have felt constrained to 
employ for the Portugal White Broom the name C. 
multiflorus, Sweet, rather than the name C. albus, Link. 
In his monograph of the genus, however, Briquet has 
indicated that the plant described by Haquet, for which 
in 1803 Waldstein and Kitaibel proposed the name 
C. leucantlius, under which it was figured at t. 1438 of 
this work, is better treated as referable to C. supinus, 
Linn. So long, therefore, as the validity of the name 
C. lusitanicus, Quer, employed by Willkomm in 1893, 
remains doubtful, it is possible to follow Schneider in 
retaining for the Portugal White Broom the name 
C. albus under which, since the time of G. Don and 
Loudon, it has been familiarly known in English 
gardens. Among the cultivated brooms C. albus is dis- 
tinct and valuable in being the only really hardy species 
with white flowers. ' Others with flowers of a similar 
shade are more or less tender; C. albus, even in very 
hard weather, remains unscathed, or at most only suffers 

an occasional cutting back of the young succulent 
growths. Planted in broad masses at Kew, where it has 
been in continuous cultivation since the time of the elder 
Aiton, it gives charming effects when in bloom in May. 
It does not need a rich soil, and as it ripens seed in 
abundance it is easily increased. The material for our 
plate was derived from a plant in the collection at Kew, 
with mixed white and pink-flushed flowers. 

Description. — Shrub, of upright habit, 5-7 ft. high, moderately branched, 
the branches striate, at first silvery-silky, soon becoming glabrous. Leaves 
low down 3-foliolate, with petiole \-\ in. long, those higher up 1-foliolate, short- 
petioled or nearly sessile ; leaflets linear-lanceolate or narrow oblong, in 
cultivated plants up to £ in. long, £ in. wide, in wild plants smaller and 
proportionately narrower, silvery-silky ; stipules 0. Flowers profusely arranged 
along the virgate branches, solitary or in twos or threes to each leaf-axil ; 
pedicels slender, J- iin. long. Calyx persistent, shortly campanulate, sparingly 
hairy, the lips short, denticulate, of about the same length. Corolla white or 
in one cultivated race flushed with rose ; petals of about the same length, up to 
| in. long. Pod somewhat obliquely linear-oblong, 1-1 a in. long, \-\ in. wide, 
adpressed silky. 

Tab. 8693. — Fig. 1, part of a leaf; 2, a flower, the petals removed ; 3, calyx, 
laid open, with pistil ; 4, standard ; 5, wing ; 6, keel : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 8694. 
COTONEASTER salicifolia, var. rugosa. 

Central China. 

Rosaceae. Tribe Pomeak. 
Cotoneaster, MediJc ; Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 627. 

Cotoneaster salicifolia, Franch. in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 2, vol. viii. 
p. 225 (1886) ; var. rugosa, Behd. et Wils. in Sargent, PI. Wilson, vol. i. 
p. 172 (1912); Bean, Trees d Shrubs, vol. i. p. 414 (1914); a planta 
typica foliis latioribus colore bebetioribus subtus novellisque indumento 
densiore magis lanuginoso indutis. 

Frutex decorus, 2-3-metralis, ramis patentibus, ramulis gracilibus priraum 
indumento deciduo lanuginoso pallide brunneo dense obtectis, demum 
glabris cortice rubescente insignibus. Folia rigide coriacea, persistentia, 
ovata vel subobovata, acuta, basi cuneata, rnargine integra, 4-7*5 cm. 
longa, 1 • 2-4 cm. lata, supra rugosa, glabrescentia, saturate viridia, subtus 
primum dense lanuginosa, demum albo-cinei-ea costa nervisque lanuginosis 
exceptis glabrescentia ; nervi utrinsecus 9-11, supra impressi ; petiolus 
2-6 mm. longus, lanuginosus. Corymbi 2 "5-5 cm. lati, ramulos 
2-4-foliatos terminantes. Flores sordide albi, aestivales, 6 mm. lati. 
Calyx lanuginosus, infundibularis, 5-lobus ; lobi breve triangulares, erecti, 
acuti. Petala 5, suborbicularia. Stamina circiter 20 ; antherae rubes- 
centes. Fructus globosus vel subovoideus, 6 mm. latus, laete corallinus ; 
pyrenae2, compresso-hemisphaericae, dorso sulcatae. — C. rugosa, E. Pritzel 
in Bot. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 385 (1900) ; Scbneider in 111. Handb. Laubh. 
vol. i. p. 758 (1906).— W. J. Beax. 

This variety of Cotoneaster salicifolia was discovered by 
Mr. E. H. Wilson on the mountains of Western Hupeh 
at altitudes of 5,000 to 6,000 feet both to the north and 
south of Ichang. From seed collected by him in October, 
1907, and received at Kew through the agency of the 
Arnold Arboretum the following spring, the plant now 
figured was raised. Since its introduction the winters 
have been mild and it has proved evergreen, but it is 
possible that, as with some other ordinarily evergreen 
Cotoneasters, its foliage may prove deciduous in our 
hard winters. It likes a sunny position and a loamy 
soil, and being very amenable to cultivation promises to 
develop into one of the finest members of the genus in 
gardens. It is easily increased by seed or by cuttings. 

January, 1917. 

From the typical C. salicifolia, which we are not certain 
is at present in cultivation, the variety now figured 
differs in the leaves being broader and duller green, and 
in the'r lower surface as well as the young branchlets 
being covered with a coarser, more woolly pubescence. 
Another variety, C. salicifolia var. floccosa, Rehd. et Wils., 
is cultivated at Kew, and is well distinguished by its 
narrower leaves and three-stoned fruits. The nearest 
ally of C. salicifolia' is C. Henry >ana, Rehd. et Wils., also 
from Western Hupeh ; this differs by its ovoid fruits and 
larger leaves pubescent on both surfaces. 

Description.— Shrub up to 10 ft. high of graceful habit, branches spreading. 
Branchlets slender, at first clothed densely with a pale brown wool, most of 
which falls away by autumn exposing the handsome, dark reddish-brown bark. 
Leaves stiff and coriaceous, persistent, oval to slightly obovate, acute, cuneate 
at the base, entire, 1^-3 in. long by ^-1^ in. wide ; dark dull green, rugose and 
glabrescent above ; at first wholly lanuginose beneath, ultimately greyish- 
white, with wool on the midrib and veins only ; veins in nine to eleven pairs, 
deeply impressed above ; petiole ^\-\ in. long, lanuginose. Corymbs 1-2 in. 
wide, terminal on 2-4-leaved branchlets. Flowers dullish white, opening 
in June, i in. wide. Calyx woolly, funnel-shaped, with five short, erect, 
acute, triangular lobes. Petals five, rotund. Stamens about twenty ; anthers 
brownish-red. Fruit globose to slightly ovoid, \ in. wide, bright coral red; 
stones 2, compressed-hemispherical, grooved on the dorsal side. 

Tab. 8694.— Fig. 1, flower bud ; 2, flower ; 3, calyx in vertical section, showing 
the pistil ; 4 and 5, stamens : — all enlarged. 


LReeve& C°L oc 

Tab. 8895. 


North America. 

Cupuliferae. Tribe Quercineae. 
Quercus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen Plant, vol. iii. p. 407. 

Quereus densiflora, Hook. & Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 391 ; Hook. Ic. Plant. 
t. 380 ; Nuttall, Sylva, vol. i. p. 11, t. 5 ; DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars ii. p. 82 ; 
Bolander in Proc. Calif. Acad. vol. iii. p. 231 ; Engelmann in Trans. St. 
Louis Acad. vol. iii. p. 380 ; Brewer dt Watson, Bot. Calif, vol. ii. p. 99 ; 
Kellogg, Forest Trees Calif, p. 69 ; Sargent, Rep. Forests N. Amer. p. 155 ; 
Greene, III. West Amer. Oaks, p. 41, t. 23 ; Mayr, Wald. Nordamer. 
p. 263, tt. 2 & 5; Garden & Forest, vol. v. p. 517, fig. 89; Sargent, Silva 
N. Amer. vol. viii. p. 183, t. 438 ; Elwes tt Henry, Trees of Great Brit, d- 
Ireland, vol. v. p. 1331 ; species americana sectionis Pasaniae Ulrica, 
amentis erectis vel adscendentibus densifloris interdum androgynis, antheris 
minimis, cupula breviter poculiforme squamis longis linearibus patentibus 
vel recurvis tecta. 

Arbor saepe 15-25 m. alta interdum ad 30 m. alta, trunco ad 1 m. raro ad 
1*75 m. diametro ; rami adscendentes vel patentes, ramulis primo fulvo- 
tomentosis demura atrobrunneis et glaucescentibus. Folia sempervirentia, 
oblonga, oblongo-obovata vel late lanceolata, apice acuta, subacuta vel 
breviter acuminata, interdum rotundata, basi plus minusve rotundata, 
interdum cuneata, raro leviter cordata, serrata vel serrulata, interdum 
repanda vel integerrima, 5-12 cm. longa, 2-7 cm. lata, coriacea, leviter 
rugosa, margine incrassata et revoluta, primo dense f ulvo-stellato-tomentosa, 
maturitate supra glabra et nitida vel parce stellato-tomentosa, demum 
utrinque glabrescentia, infra interdum glaucescentia, costa et nervis 
primariis infra prominentibus ; petiolus crassus, tomentosus, 0" 5-1 '8 cm. 
longus; stipulae oblongo-obovatae vellineari-lanceolatae, brunneae, scario- 
sae, pilosae. Amenta ex axillis foliorum hornotinorurn orta, erecta vel 
adscendentia, densiflora, tomentosa, omnino mascula vel superiora basi flores 
femineos paucos gerentia, 5-10 cm. longa. Flores masculi in fasciculis 
3-floris aggregati, ex axillis bractearum ovatarum orti. Perianthium 
tomentosum, 5-6-lobatum ; lobi ovato-elliptici vel subtriangulares, obtusi 
vel subacuti. Stamina saepe 10-12; filamenta gracillirna, perianthio 
multo longiora; antherae subglobosae, minimae. Ovarii rudimentum 
jilo;um. Flores feminei solitarii, in axillis bractearum acutarum. Peri- 
cnt'iium 6-lobatura, lobis rotundatis. Stamina 6, antheris sterilibus 
&ty'i 3, raro plures, elongati, teretes, leviter recurvi, basi hirsuti 
Fructus solitarii vel 2-3. Pedunculus crassus, tomentosus, ad 2*5 cm 
longus. Cupula breviter poculiformis, 1-5-2 cm. lata, intus dense rufo 
velutina, extra squanris longis linearibus patentibus vel recurvis sericeia 
tecta. Glans subovoidea vel subglobosa, apice acuta vel rotundata, basi 
lata, 2-3 cm. longa, 2-2 '5 cm. lata, dense flavo-tomentosa, demum 
glabra; pericarpium lignosum, crassum. — Q. echinacea, Torrey, Pacific 
E. R. Rep. vol. iv. pt. 1, p. 137, 1. 14. Pasania densiflora, Orsted, Vidensk. 
Medd. Kjobenh. 1866, p. 93 ; Sargent, Trees N. Amer. p. 225, fig. 185 ; 
Jepson, Fl. Calif. 362, et Silva Calif, p. 235, tt. 7 & 73.— S. A. Skan. 

January, 1917. 

Quercus densifiora was first discovered by David 
Douglas. His specimen in the Kew Herbarium is not 
precisely localised, but according to Hooker and Arnott it 
was in the Californian collection made by Doudas chiefly 
at Monterey and San Francisco. From Professor Sareent 
we learn that the species is distributed from the valley 
of the Umpqua River in Southern Oregon southward 
through coast ranges to the Santa Inez Mountains east 
ot Santa Barbara, California, and along the western 
s opes of the Sierra Nevada to Mariposa County. In 
the Sierra Nevada it ascends to an elevation of 4 000 
feet above sea-level. It is exceedingly abundant in the 
humid Cahfornian coast region north of San Francisco 
±5ay and attains its largest size in the Redwood forests 
01 Napa and Mendocino Counties. The species is very 
variable in habit and in its leaves, sometimes occurring 
as a low spreading shrub only 1 to 10 ft. high, with small 
entire leaves. This has been distinguished as var 
echinoides Sargent (= var. montana, Mayr = Q. echinoides, 
R. -Br., Campst.). Pasania densifiora, forma lanceolata, 
Jepson, Silva Calif. 237, has lanceolate entire or nearlv 
entire leaves 2±-3 * in. long. 

The wood of this oak, though hard and strong, is 

brittle and is of little value except for fuel, but its bark 

is very rich in tannin and is used in enormous quantities 

inn-7 ^ nmg leather - Professor Jepson states that in 

1907 the annual tan harvest was about 25,000 cords and 

to obtain this amount 100,000 trees were sacrificed e'verv 

year, most of them being left in the forest to decay or 

to be consumed in the first forest fire. Best known as 

the Ian Oak it is sometimes called Burr Oak and often 

Chestnut Oak, and locally Squaw Oak and Sovereign 

Uak. The species is of great interest as being the 

solitary representative in the New World of the section 

lasama, often regarded as a genus distinct from Quercus, 

which comprises about 100 species nearly all of which are 

confined to South-eastern Asia. Its dense erect or sub- 

erect catkins, resembling those of Castanea, small anthers 

with pollen-grains much smaller than in Quercus proper, 

and woody thick pericarp are salient characters by which 

it may easily be distinguished from all other American 


Notwithstanding the unusual interest of this tree it is 
one of the rarest of cultivated oaks. Two trees at Kew, 
if we except some young plants recently raised, appear 
to be the sole representatives of Q. densi flora in this 
country. From the larger of these material for our 
figure was obtained. This tree was raised from a packet 
of acorns received from Professor Sargent in 1 874, and is 
growing in the Oak Collection near the southern end of 
the Rhododendron Dell. In some respects Q. demiflora 
is the most attractive of all the hardy evergreen oaks. 
The young leaves are covered on the lower surface with 
a thick tomentum which is at first milk-white, becoming 
tawny with age. The stout parallel ribs are also very 
distinctive. The tree is very leafy, almost luxuriant in 
aspect, yet it is slow-growing, and the larger of the two 
specimens at Kew, now over forty years old, is only 
27 J feet high, its trunk at 3 feet from the ground being 
2| feet in girth. In July, 1897, this tree was 14 feet high 
and 7 inches in girth. Like all oaks, Q. demiflora likes 
a good loamy soil. It transplants extremely badly — a 
fact which may help to account for its rarity. It is 
safest to grow it in pots until it is large enough to plant 
out in a permanent place, which should be done as soon 
as possible. Care must also be taken that its roots do 
not become pot-bound. Its leaves persist for three or 
four years, and its fruits ripen at the end of the second 
year. These, however, cannot be relied on in this 
country for propagation. It must be raised in the first 
instance from imported seeds. 

Description. — Tree, often 50-80 ft., sometimes 100 ft. high, trunk usually 
3£ ft., occasionally 5 ft. thick ; branches ascending or spreading ; twigs at first 
tawny tomentose, at length dark brown and glaucescent. Leaves evergreen, 
oblong, oblong- obovate or broadly lanceolate, acute, subacute or shortly 
acuminate, sometimes rounded, base more or less rounded, sometimes cuneate, 
rarely shallowly cordate, margin serrate or serrulate, sometimes repand or quite 
entire, 2-5 in. long, f-2§ in. wide, coriaceous, slightly rugose, the edges 
thickened and revolute, at first densely clothed with tawny stellate hairs, when 
mature glabrous and shining or sparingly stellate-tomentose above, at length 
nearly glabrous on both surfaces, beneath occasionally somewhat glaucescent, 
the mid-rib and main nerves prominent beneath ; potiole stout, tomentose, 
•^— | in. long; stipules oblong-obovate or linear-lanceolate, brown, scarious, 
pilose. Catkins borne in the axils of leaves of the current season, erect or 
ascending, dense-flowered, tomentose, either wholly male or with the upper- 
most bearing a few basal female flowers, 2-4 in. long. Male flowers clustered 
in groups of 3, in the axils of ovate bracts. Perianth tomentose, 5-6-lobed, the 
lobes ovate -elliptic or nearly triangular, obtuse or somewhat acute. Stamens 

often 10-12 ; filaments very slender, much exceeding the perianth ; anthers 
subglobose, very small. Rudimentary ovary pilose. Female flowers solitary, 
in the axils of acute bracts. Perianth 6-lobed, the lobes rounded. Stamens 6, 
their anthers sterile. Styles 3, rarely more, elongated, terete, slightly recurved, 
hirsute at the base. Fruits solitary, or 2-3 together. Peduncle stout, tomen- 
tose, up to 1 in. long. Cupule shortly goblet-shaped, f-f in. wide, within 
densely red velvety, clothed outside with long linear spreading or recurved silky 
scales. Accrn subovoid or subglobose, tip acute or rounded, base broad, f-l£ 
in. long, f-1 in. across, densely yellow tomentose, at length glabrous ; shell 
woody, thick. 

Tab. 8695. — Fig. 1, male flowers ; 2, female flowers ; 3, section of a female 
flower, showing the sterile stamens; 4, young fruit; 5, mature fruit :—all 
enlarged except 4 and 5, which are of natural size. 



Tab. 8696. 

Western China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron (§ Eurhododendron) discolor, Franch. in Journ. de Bot. 
vol. ix. p. 391 (1895) ; Hemstf et E. H. Wils. in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 112; 
Behder et Wils. in Sargent, PL Wilson, vol. i. p. 542 ; Bean, Trees 
& Shrubs, vol. ii. p. 353 ; species foliis magnis eglandulosis, floribus 
albis speciosissimis, filamentis glabris, ovario styloque ubique glandulosis 

Frutex robustus, usque ad 2 m. altus; ramuli ultimi teretes, apicem versus 
circiter 1 ' 5 cm. crassi, glabri, leviter nitidi. Folia magna elongato-elliptica 
vel oblongo-elliptica, utrinque obtusa apice mucronata, 15-30 cm. longa, 
6-8 cm. lata, tenuiter coriacea, supra fusco-viridia et immerso-reticulata, 
infra eglandulosa, cinerea et conspicue tenuiter reticulata, areis reti 
venularum circumclusis leviter elevatis ; costa supra plana, infra basin 
versus valde conspicua, ciroiter 5 mm. lata, apicem versus sensim 
attenuata ; nervi laterales utrinsecus 15-18, graciles, flexuosi, supra 
immersi, infra vix prominuli, marginem versus valde ramosi ; petioli 
robusti, 2-3 cm. longi, supra plani, 6-7 mm. lati, glabri. Gemmae laterales 
(foUiferae) saepius plures, subcylindricae, 6-7 cm. longae, medio circiter 
1*5 cm. diametro ; squamae ab extremo sensim longiores, exteriores late 
ovatae, acutae, circiter 1 cm. longae, minutissime ciliolatae, interiores 
elongato-oblanceolatae, acutae, 5-6 cm. longae, 1-1 ' 3 cm. latae, tenuiter 
chartaceae, ciliolatae, utrinque glabrae. Inflorescentia terminalis, magna, 
8-10-flora, 20-25 cm. expansa; axis 2 "5-3 cm. longus, glaber; pedicelli 
demum subnutantes, 2*5-3 cm. longi, glabri. Calyx obsoletus, undulatus, 
margine glandulis sessilibus ornatus, extra glaber. Corolla alba, late 
infundibuliformis, limbo usque ad 12 cm. expanso ; tubus a basi sensim 
ampliatus, 3 5 cm. longus, apice circiter 4 cm. diametro, striatus, glaber; 
lobi 6-7 oblongo-semiorbiculares, apice rotundati et leviter emarginati, 
3-4 cm. longi, 3 cm. lati. Stamina plerumque 14, subaequalia, leviter 
exserta ; filainenta interne complanata, glabra ; antherae pallide flavae, 
4' 5 mm. longae. Ovarium 8-loculare, stipitato-glandulosum ; stylus longe 
exsertus. ubique glandulis sessilibus ornatus, stigmate magno capitato- 
indusiformi coronatus. — J. Hutchinson. 

The fine Rhododendron here figured is a native of 
western Hupeh, where, according to Mr. E. H. Wilson, 
to whose efforts its introduction is due, it is the common 
species of wocds up to an elevation of 8,000 feet. It is 
readily recognised, in the group with glabrous leaves to 
which it belongs, by its large white flowers with glabrous 

February, 1917. 

filaments and rather densely glandular style. In beauty 
and fragrance it is equal to any of its immediate allies, 
and is fuither readily distinguished from these by 
the valuable cultural character of being the latest in its 
group to flower. As compared with the related It, For- 
tuneiy Lindl., figured at t. 5596 cf this work, which 
flowers in May, E. discolor dees not come into blossom 
until the middle of June, a season when few Rhododen- 
drons of either wild or garden origin are to be found in 
bloom. Our plant also possesses another character 
valuable in this country, in being late of starting into 
growth; with the exception of E. auriculatum, Remsl., 
from Central China, it is probably the latest. This 
renders it free from the danger of late frosts ; so far as 
ordinary winter cold is concerned it is also perfectly 
hardy. The plant which provided the material for our 
plate was raised at Kew from seed collected by Wilson 
in autumn in 1908, received from the Arnold Arboretum 
early in 1909. 

Description.— Shrub of robust habit, 6-8 feet high ; terminal twigs cylindric, 
about -| in. thick near the tips, glabrous, somewhat polished. Leaves large, 
elongate- or oblong-elliptic, obtuse with a mucronate tip, base rounded, 6-12 
in. long, 2J-3J in. wide, thinly leathery, above tawny-green with impressed 
nervation, beneath without glands, ashy grey, distinctly finely reticulated and 
with the spaces enclosed within the reticulations slightly raised ; midrib flat 
above, very visible towards the base beneath and there nearly £ in. wide, 
gradually narrowed upwards ; lateral nerves 15-18 along each side, slender, 
sunk above and rather indistinct beneath, much branched towards the leaf- 
margin ; petiole stout, f-lj in. long, flat above, about \ in. thick, glabrous. 
Floiver-buds lateral, often several together, subcylindric, about 3 in. long, f in. 
wide ; scales gradually longer from without inwards, the outermost wide ovate, 
acute, about -J in. long, finely ciliolate, the inmost elongate-oblanceolate, acute, 
2-21 in- long, up to £ in. wide, thinly papery, ciliolate on the edges, glabrous 
on both sides. Inflorescence terminal, large, 8-10-flowered, 8-10 in. across ; 
axis 1-H m. long, glabrous; pedicels at length nodding, 1-1 J in. long, glabrous. 
Calyx obsolete, undulate, with sessile marginal glands, glabrous outside; 
Corolla white, wide funnel-shaped, limb up to 42 in. across, tube gradually 
widened from the base, li in. long, about If in. wide at the top, striate, 
glabrous; lobes 6-7, oblong-orbicular, slightly emarginate, lj-lf in. long, 
li in. wide. Stamens usually 14, subequal, slightly exserted ; filaments 
flattened below, glabrous ; anthers pale yellow, i-i in. long. Ovary 8-celled, 
beset with stalked glands. Style far-exserted, clothed throughout with sessile 
glands ; stigma large, mantle-like, capitate. 

Tab. 8696.— Fig. 1, tip of leaf; 2, calyx and pistil; 3 and 4, stamens; 
5, section of ovary: — all enlarged. 


LEeevei? L 

Tab. 8697. 
MAURANDIA Pubpusii. 


Scrophulariaceae. Tribe Antirrhineae. 
Macrandia, Ort. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 935. 

Maurandia Purpusii, T. S. Brandegee in Zoe, vol. v. p. 256; A. Purpus in 
Mollers Deutsche Gdrtn.-Zeit. vol. xxviii. p. 446 cum figuris ; species vix 
scandens M. erubescenti, A. Gray, proxima, sed planta minus glanduloso- 
pubescente, corollae multo minoris tubo superne minus ampliato differt. 

Herba perennis fere ubique breviter glanduloso-pubescens, radicibus basique 
caulis v&lde incrassatis et carnosis. Catties graciles, adscendentes vel 
prostrati, vix scandentes, metrales. Folia alterna, petiolata, late triangu- 
lari-ovata, apice acuta, basi profunde cordata, irregulariter dentata vel 
crenata vel interdum fere integra, 3 • 5-4 5 cm. longa, basi 4-5 cm. lata; 
petiolus 3-4 "5 cm. longus. Flores speciosi, longe pedunculati, in axillis 
foliorum superiorum solitarii. Pedunculi adscendentes, graciles, 7-10 cm. 
longi, saepissime foliis longiores. Calyx herbaceus, fere ad basin 
5-partitus ; lobi oblongo-ovati, apice subrotundati et apiculati, basi 
cordati, 1*5-1*7 cm. longi, 8-9 mrn. lati. Corolla vivide roseo-purpurea, 
3*5-4 cm. longa, extra fere glabrata ; tubus tubuloso-infundibuliformis, 
basi antice paulum ventricosus, superne gradatim et leviter ampliatus, 
3*5-4 cm. longus, apice 1*5 cm. latus, intus praesertim basi glanduloso- 
pubescens ; limbus patens, leviter 2-labiatus, subaequaliter 5-lobus, ad 
2*5 cm. latus ; lobi suborbiculares, 7-10 mm. lati. Semina 4, duo longiora 
vix exserta ; filamenta dense glanduloso-pubescentia. Ovarium conicum, 
ut stylus staminibus brevioribus aequilongus apice integer, glanduloso- 
pubescens. Capsula ellipsoidea, apice rotundata, basi inaequalie, 12-13 
mm. lata, calyce paulum brevior, stylo persistente coronata. Semina 
suborbicularia, circiter 3 mm. lata, tuberculata, ala striata dentata vel 
sinuata (emarginata) ciroumdata. — S. A. Skan. 

This attractive plant was discovered by Mr. C. A. 
Purpus in the Sierra de Mixteca, Oaxaca, Mexico. He 
saw it in only one locality, and that was on the slopes 
of the Cerro de la Yerba, growing on limestone rocks 
and on the walls of old ruins. As seen in nature, with 
its growths hanging over the rocks and bearing numerous 
showy flowers, it presented a striking object. Seeds 
were sent to the Darmstadt Botanic Garden, from which 
some were received at Kew in 1912, and plants raised 
from these flowered in the Temperate House for the first 
time in July, 1915, supplying material for the present 
illustration. In the original description the peduncles 
are said to be only about two inches long, and the 
photographs in Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung of 

February, 1917. 

plants which flowered in the nursery of Mr. Herb of 
Naples represent peduncles about as long as the petioles, 
though in the text the flowers are described as being 
long-stalked. The peduncles iu the Kew plants were 
three to four inches long. This is probably due to indoor 
cultivation. Mr. A. Purpus recommends the plant for 
sunny, dry places. Protected from wet, the tuberous 
rootstocks survived the winter out of doors at Darmstadt. 
The species is described as non-climbing. At Kew the 
stems have reached a length of about 3 ft. and do not 
show the tendency to climb by means of the petioles met 
with in most Maurandias ; M. Purpusii differs markedly 
in this respect from its close ally, M. eruhescens. Only 
one species, M. erecta, Hem si., so far as is known, has a 
distinctly erect self-supporting stem. The genus Mau- 
randia comprises eight species (or seven if M. geniculate 
Robinson & Fernald, be referred to M. erecta, which it 
resembles very closely) all of which are natives of Mexico, 
one, M. WiMizenii, Engelm., extending to New Mexico. 
M. eruhescens and M. semperjlorens, Ort., have become 
naturalised in some of the West Indian Islands and in 
some parts of Tropical America. These two species and 
M. scandens, A. Gr., are figured in this Magazine at 
tt. 460, 3037, 3038 and 3650. 

Description.— Herb, perennial, shortly glandular-pubescent ; base of stem 
and roots thick and fleshy. Stem slender, ascending or prostrate, hardly 
scandent, 3-4 ft. long. Leaves alternate, petioled, wide triangular-ovate, 
acube, base deep-cordate, irregularly toothed or crenate, at times nearly entire, 
U-lf in. long, 1A-2 in. wide at the base; petiole l$-lf in. long. Flowers 
showy, long-stalked, solitary in the upper axils ; peduncles ascending, slender, 
3-4 m. long, usually longer than the leaves. Calyx herbaceous, 5-partite 
almost to the base; lobes oblong-ovate, rather rounded and apiculate, base 
cordate, about f in. long, } in. wide. Corolla bright rose-purple, 1J-1 \ in. 
long almost glabrous externally ; tube narrow-funnel-shaped, slightly swollen 
at the base in front, glandular-pubescent within, especially at the base ; limb 
patent, 2-hpped, almost equally 5-lobed, about 1 in. across ; lobes suborbicular, 
about I m. wide. Stamens 4, in two pairs, hardly exerted ; filaments densely 
glandular-pubescent. Ovary conical, glandular-pubescent like the style which 
is shorter than the stamens and is entire at the tip. Capsule ellipsoid, rounded 
above unequal at the base, about i in. wide, rather shorter than the calyx, 
tipped by the persistent style. Seed almost orbicular, about 4 in. wide, tuber- 
culate, with a surrounding emarginate, striate, toothed or sinuate wing. 

Tab. 8697.— Fig. 1, calyx in longitudinal section, showing the pistil ; 2, base 
of corolla, laid open, showing the stamens ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, group of hairs 
from base of stamens ; 6, transverse section of ovary ; 7, capsule ; 8 and 9, 
seeds : — all enlarged except 8, which is of natural size. 



x> V 


\3roax& Brodks.Dajr&SonLt^imfi 

- <-•- C?l jcmdon. 

Tab. 8698. 
SENECIO Monroi. 

New Zealand. 

Compositae. Tribe Senecionideae. 
Senecio, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446. 

Senecio Monroi, Hook. f. Fl. Nov. Zel. vol. ii. p. 333 (1855), et Handb. N.Z. 
Fl. p. 162 (1864) ; Kirk, Students' Fl. p. 348 (1898) ; Cheeseman, Man. 
New Zeal. Fl. p. 380(1906) ; affinis 8. laxifolio, Buch., sedfoliis minoribus 
marginibus crasse undulatis, pedunculis brevioribus et involucri bracteis 
haud canescentibus differt. 

Frutex ramosissimus usque ad 2 m. altus ; ramuli dense foliati, breviter albo- 
lanati. Folia petiolata, oblonga vel oblongo-lanceolata, apice obtusa, basi 
sensim angustata, l"5-2 - 5 cm. longa, usque ad 1 cm. lata, margine 
incrassato et conspicue undulato-crenato, crasse coriacea, supra tenuiter 
reticulata et leviter viscida, infra breviter albo-lanata, enervosa, costa 
conspicua ; petioli 0"5-l cm. longi, basi incrassati, semiamplexicaules, 
albo-lanati. Capitula laxe corymbosa, pedunculata, 2-2 ' 5 cm. expansa ; 
pedunculi gracillimi, glanduloso-puberuli, 2-3 cm. longi. Involucri bracteae 
2-seriatae, lineares, acutae, exteriores 0'7 cm. longae, interiores paullo 
longiores, subherbaceae, extra breviter pubescentss. Flores radii 12-14, 
flavi ; corollae tubus anguste cylindricus, 4 mm. longus, apicem versus 
parce pubescens ; lamina oblongo-lanceolata, apice tridentata, 5-nervia, 
7 mm. longa, 2' 5 mm. lata. Flores disci numerosi ; corollae tubus 
inferne anguste cylindricus, Buperne paullo ampliatus, 0'5 cm. longus; 
lobi 5, lanceolati, subacuti, apice minute et parce pubescentes. Achaenia 
subteretia, breviter pubescentia. Pappus albus, amplus, 5 mm. longus, 
barbellatus. — J. Hutchinson. 

The genus Senecio is represented in New Zealand by 
some thirty species which vary in habit from small 
weeds resembling the Groundsel of our gardens to much- 
branched shrubs with leathery leaves like S. Monroi, the 
subject of our illustration. This species, which is con- 
fined in a wild state to the South Island of New Zealand, 
where it flowers from December to January, along with 
a few others bears considerable resemblance in habit 
and appearance to some of the species of Olearia, 
Moench, so characteristic of New Zealand, but is readily 
distinguished by the fewer involucral bracts as well as by 
the different style-arms, which in Olearia exhibit the 

February, 1917. 

characters that mark the tribe Asteroideae. S. Monroi 
was first sent to Kew in 1905 by Mr. G. Matthews, 
Dunedin ; at Kew it is grown in the cool greenhouse and 
flowers in autumn. The material for our figure came 
from the garden at Ludgvan Rectory.. Long Rock, 
Cornwall, where, the Rev. Mr, Boscawen informs us, it 
was raised by him from seed sent to him from New 
Zealand in 1907. At Ludgvan the plant grows well in 
any ordinary garden soil and flowers freely; some of 
Mr. Boscawen's examples are now compact bushes three 
feet in height and about four feet through. 

Description.— Shrub, much branched, 6-7 ft. high; twigs densely leafy, 
shortly -white woolly. Leaves petioled, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 
gradually narrowed to the base, f-1 in. long, about 4 in. wide, margin 
thickened and distinctly undulate-crenate, thickly leathery, above finely 
reticulately veined and slightly viscid, beneath shortly white woolly, midrib 
raised but venation otherwise not visible; petiole i-f in. long, with a thickened 
partly stem-clasping base, white woolly. Heads laxly corymbose, peduncled, 
4-1 in. across; peduncles slender, glandular-puberulous, f-1 J in. long; bracts 
of the involucre 2-seriate, linear, acute, the outer over i in. long, the inner 
rather longer, somewhat herbaceous, shortly pubescent externally. Bay-florets 
12-14, yellow; corolla-tube narrow cylindric, | in. long, sparingly pubescent 
towards the tip ; limb oblong-lanceolate, tip 3-dentate, 5-nerved, over £ inch 
vu' 7° in ' wi( * e - Disk-florets numerous ; corolla-tube narrow -cylindric below, 
slightly widened upwards, } in. long, glabrous ; lobes 5, lanceolate, somewhat 
acute, fmelyand sparingly pubescent at the tip. Achenes almost terete, shortly 
pubescent. Pappus white, copious, \ in. long, barbellate. 

Tab. 8698.— Fig. 1, a leaf; 2, a capitulum; 8, a ray-floret; 4, a pappus- 
seta ; 5, a disk-floret ; 6, anthers ; 7, style-arms :— all enlarged. 


Vmceiil,Braolcs,t>ay-&: Son I,i a an p 

L.ReeVeScC° London 

Tab. 8699. 
PILEA Forgeti. 


Urticaceab. Tribe Ubticeae. 
Pilea, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 384. 

Pilea Forgeti, N. E. Br.; species nova ex affinitate P. semidentatae, Wedd., 
sed humilior, et ab ea foliis obtusioribus crenato-dentatis pulchre coloratis 
et cymis masculis dense capitato-corymbiformibus differt. 

Herba dioica, 10-15 cm. alta, basi ramosa. Caules 4-5 (siccati 2) mm. crassi. 
tenuiter adpresse pubescentes, rubri. Folia opposita, aequalia vel 
inaequalia; petiolus 0-6-1-5 cm. longus, tenuiter adpresse-pubescens, 
ruber; lamina 2-10 cm. longa, 12-2 -8 cm. lata, elliptica ad elongato- 
lanceolata, obtusa vel subacuta, basi obtusa vel leviter cordata, erenato- 
dentata, trinervia, supra glabra, rubro-brunnea, vittis tribus viridibus 
notata, subtus secus nervos adpresse pubescens ceterum glabra, purpurea 
venis viridibus. Stipulae 1-2 cm. longae, 5-6 mm. latae, ovato-lanceolatae, 
obtusae, glabrae, virides, costa rubra. Cymae oppositae ; masculae dense 
capitato-corymbiformes, 3-4 cm. diametro, pedunculo 6-7 cm. longo rubro 
laxe pubescente suffultae ; foemineae inconspicuae, petiolos subaequantes, 
1-1-5 cm. diametro, floribus densissime congestis, pedunculo 3-4 mm. 
longo suffultae. Flores masculi albi ; sepala 4, subaequalia, 3 mm. longa, 
1-5-2-5 mm. lata, basi concavo-cucullata, superne vel dorso aliformia ; 
stamina 4, alba ; flores femini minuti, fusco-virides ; sepala 3, inaequalia, 
0-5-0-75 mm. longa, unum late obovato-obtusum, duo lanceolata subacuta 
membranacea ; ovarium compresso-ellipsoideum ; stigma sessile, capitatum. 
— N. E. Brown. 

The Urticaceous genus Pilea includes over two hundred 
species dispersed throughout the tropics of both hemi- 
spheres. Of these the best known is the tiny P. muscosa, 
Lindl., the * gunpowder plant,' so-called from the cloud 
of pollen discharged from the anthers when the plant is 
shaken—a common South American species which has 
become introduced into India, and even into Australia 
where alone no native Pilea occurs. Very few species 
are in cultivation, the only ones to be met with in 
collections so far being P. ijrandis, Wedd., a native of 
Jamaica, with large green, dentate leaves in shape 
recalling those of a Coleus, and P. Spruceana, Wedd., 
a native of Peru, with ovate dark bronze-green foliage. 
To these have now to be added the attractive foliage 

February, 1917. 

plant which is here figured. This species, P. For.geti, 
was discovered in Venezuela by Mr. L. Forget in 1914, 
when collecting on behalf of Messrs. F. Sander and Sons, 
St. Albans, by whom it has been introduced to culti- 
vation. The dwarf habit with bright bronze foliage 
striped with green give it a pleasing appearance when 
out of flower. The sexes are distinct, and in the case of 
the female plant, in which the flowers are inconspicuous 
and hidden away in small dense clusters in the axils 
of the leaves, the general facies of the plant remains 
unchanged. In the case of the male, however, flowering 
adds to the charm of the plant owing to the develop- 
ment of pairs of dense clusters of small white flowers 
raised on long pink stalks well above the foliage. Like 
the few species already in cultivation, P. Forgeti is 
easily grown in a tropical house, and like them sets seeds 
in abundance. 

Descbiption.— Herb, dioecious, 4-6 in. high, branching at the base. Stems 
about i in. thick, sparingly adpressed-pubescent, red. Leaves opposite, equal 
or not ; petiole i-f in. long, sparingly adpressed-pubescent, red ; blade f-4 in. 
l° n g> i~H m « wide, from elliptic to elongated lanceolate, obtuse to slightly 
acute, base rounded to slightly cordate, margin crenately toothed, 3-nerved, 
glabrous above, bronze-coloured with 3 longitudinal green bands, beneath 
adpressed-pubescent on the nerves, glabrous elsewhere, purple with the 
venation green; stipules ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, i-f in. long, about } in. 
wide, glabrous, green with a red midrib, Cymes opposite; male densely 
capitate-corymbose, lj-lf in. across; peduncle 2£-3 in. long, pink, laxly 
pubescent ; female inconspicuous, about as long as the petioles, f-f in. across, 
dense ; peduncle £-£ in. long. Flowers small ; male white ; sepals 4, nearly 
equal, £ in. long, ^ in. wide or narrower, concave cucullate at the base, above 
and on the back wing-shaped ; stamens 4, white ; female greenish-tawny ; 
sepals 3, unequal, under T V in. long, one wide, obovate-obtuse, two lanceolate, 
somewhat acute, membranous ; ovary compressed-ellipsoid ; stigma sessile, 
capitate, papillate. 

Tab. 8699. — Fig. 1, male flower, seen from the side ; 2, the same, showing 
stamens ; 3, female flower ; 4, pistil : — all enlarged. 


M 3 


Vincent Broods Day iStSonLtSmp 

Tab. 8700. 
ANGULOA Cliftonii. 


Obchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Anguloa, Bute et Pav. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 548. 

Anguloa Cliftonii, Bolfe in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 160; Gard. Chron. 1910, 
vol. xlvii. p. 77 ; Journ. Hort. 1910, vol. i. p. 117, cum icon ; Gard. Mag. 
1910, pp. 83, 84, cum icon. ; Orchis, vol. viii. t. 3 ; Orch. Bev. 1912, 
p. 293 ; ab omnibus speciebus hujus generis labello unguiculato profunde 
trilobo medio saccato differt. 

Herba terrestris, 30-40 cm. alta ; pseudobulbi aggregati, ovoideo-oblongi, 
11-15 cm. longi; 4-5-6-5 cm lati, 2-3-phylli. Folia elliptico-oblonga, 
breviter acuminata, subundulata, plicata, basi attenuata, 15-30 cm. longa, 
7-9 cm. lata. Scapi erecti, crassiusculi, 20-25 cm. longi, vaginis 
spathaceis amplis subimbricatis obtecti ; bracteae elliptico-lanceolatae, 
acutae, concavae, 5-6 cm. longae. Flores magni, subglobosi. Sepalum 
posticum elliptico-oblongum, subobtusum, incurvum, valde concavum, 
circiter 10 cm. longum, 5 cm. latum; sepala lateralia orbiculari-elliptica, 
concava, apice angustata et falcato-incurva, subacuta. 7 -5 cm. longa, 4 cm. 
lata, basi breviter connata et pedi columnae adnata. Petala orbiculari- 
ovata, valde concava, apice angustata, subobtusa, 7'5 cm. longa, 4*5 cm. 
lata. Labellum unguiculatum, circiter 4 cm. longum ; unguis ligulatus, 
1 cm. longus; limbus trilobus, basi saccatus; saccus 2 cm. latus ; lobi 
laterales falcato-incurvi, oblongi, breves, obtusi, circiter 6 mm. longi; 
lobus intermedius late unguiculatus ; unguis 8 mm. longus, basi callo 
bilobo vel obcordato instructus ; limbus basi trulliformis vel triangularis, 
pubescens, apice recurvus, acuminatus. Columna crassissima, 3-5 cm. 
longa, subreflexa, prominenter gibbosa, deinde basi subito reflexa et facie 
concava, infra antheram constricta; alae latae, subtruncatae ; stigma 
marginatum, valde concavum.— Anguloa Buckeri, var., Ledien in Orchis, 
vol. iv. p. 119, t. 3 ; non Lindl.— E. A. Kolfe. 

The handsome Anguloa here figured was introduced to 
cultivation by Messrs. Charlesworth and Company, 
Haywards Heath, in whose nursery it flowered in July, 
1910, the plant passing into the collection of Mr. J. 
Talbot Clifton, Lytham Hall, Lancashire, to whom it 
was dedicated in the original description. A few years 
later a fresh importation was effected by Messrs. F. 
Sander and Sons, St. Albans. This species, A. Cliftoni, 
differs markedly from the previously known members of 
its genus in having a deeply saccate base to the lip, which 

March, 1917. 

has a narrow strongly recurved frontal lobe, and in the 
shorter column which is constricted below the apex and 
much swollen above the base. The locality of the 
original plant has not been stated, but the species 
is known to occur in the district of Antioquia in Colombia. 
The material for our figure has been obtained from a 
plant imported by Messrs. Sander. Like other members 
of the genus, A. Cliftoni thrives in the intermediate house. 
It is most suitably grown in a compost of turfy loam 
and peat, with a small proportion of chopped sphagnum 
added to the mixture. During the growing season the 
plant requires a liberal supply of moisture at the roots 
and should be kept shaded from bright sunshine. When 
at rest only sufficient water should be given to keep the 
pseudobulbs plump; the plant may then be given a 
brighter and more airy situation, thus ensuring the 
ripening required to induce satisfactory flowering. 

Description. -Herb, terrestrial, 1-1 J ft. high; pseudobulbs clustered, ovoid- 
oblong, 4-6 in. long, lf-2f in. wide, 2-3-foliate. Leaves elliptic -oblong, shortly 
acuminate, margin slightly wavy, plaited, narrowed to the base, 6-12 in. long, 
3-3 1 m. wide. Scapes erect, rather stout, 8-10 in. long, clothed with large, 
spathaceous, somewhat imbricate sheaths; bracts elliptic-lanceolate, acute, 
concave, 2-2J m. long. Flowers large, subglobose. Sepals : posterior elliptic- 
oblong, somewhat obtuse, incurved, very concave, about 4 in. long, 2 in. wide ; 
lateral orbicular-elliptic, concave, narrowed to the falcately recurved subacute 
tip, 3 in. long, 1± in. wide, shortly connate and adnate at the base to the 
column. Petals orbicular-ovate, very concave, narrowed to the somewhat 
obtuse apex, 3 in. long, If in. wide. Lip clawed, about 1£ in. long; claw 
hgulate, over I in. long; limb 3-lobed, saccate at the base, the pouch f in. 
across, lateral lobes falcately incurved, oblong, short, blunt, about i in. long ; 
mid-lobe broadly clawed, claw | in. long, with a 2-lobed or obcordate basal 
callus ; limb trowel-shaped or triangular, pubescent, acuminate and recurved at 
the tip. Column very thick, 14 in. long, somewhat reflexed, distinctly gibbous 
then suddenly reflexed at the base, and concave in front, narrowed under the 
anther ; wings broad, somewhat truncate ; stigma marginate, very concave. 

_ Tab. 8/00.— Fig. 1, lip and column ; 2, lip, detached; 3, column, seen from 
in front ; 4, anther-cap ; 5, pollinarium ; 6, sketch of an entire plant :— all of 
natural size except 6, which is much reduced. 



YinceriLBrooksiDay'&Son I 

LReeve &C°Landon 

Tab. 8701. 
BERBERIS Stapfiana. 


Berberidaceae. Tribe Berberideae. 
Berberis, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 43. 

Berberis (§ Sinenses) Stapfiana, C. K. Schneider in Kew Bull. 1912, p 85 • 
Bean, Trees d Shrubs, vol. i. p. 249 (1914); affinis B. subcaulialatae, 
C. K. Schneider, et B. Wilsonae, Hemsl., sed ramulis minute pustulatis 
vel laevibus, bacci3 ellipsoideis haud globosis differt. 

Frutex deciduus vel subsempervirens, glaber ; rami fusco-purpurascentes, 
minute pustulati vel laeves, costati ; spinae e basi tripartitae, graciles, 
acutissimae, fusco-stramineae, infra conspicue canaliculatae, 1-5-1-8 cm' 
longae, lateralibus e medio sub angulo 90° divergentibus. Folia ad 
4-8-fasciculata, lineari-oblanceolata, apice plerumque acute mucronata 
basi in petiolum brevem attenuata, integra vel rarius 2-3-dentata, 1-2-3 cm! 
longa, 3-5 mm. lata, rigide chartacea, utrinque praesertim in pagina 
,superiore conspicue reticulata, supra viridia, infra paullo pruinosa et 
papillosa. Inflorescentiae brevissime fasciculato-racemosae, foliis multo 
breviores, 4-7-florae ; pedicelli pruinosi, 2-5-4 mm. longi, basi bracteislate 
ovatis acutis conaceis circiter 1-5 mm. longis instructi. Flores flavi 
depresso-globosi, 6-7 mm. diametro. Sepala exteriora ovato-orbicularia 
apice rotundata, 1-25-1-75 mm. longa, interiora orbicularia, 3-4 mm 
diametro, 6-nervia. Petala obovata, 3 mm. longa, 1-5-1-75 mm. lata 
basin versus angustata et biglandulosa. Stamina petalis breviora, con- 
nective) producto subobtuso. Ovarium staminibus aequilongum, stigmate 
fere piano orbiculare coronatum. Fr actus late ellipsoideus, kermesinus 
leviter pruinosus, stigmate persistente breviter stipitato nigrescente incluso 
circiter 8 mm. longus.— J. Hutchinson. 

The Barbery here described is one of a group of Chinese 
forms with dull foliage, among which Berberis Wilsonae, 
Hemsl., figured at t. 8414 of this work may be regarded 
as the type, but which includes also the very closely 
allied B. subcaulialata, C. K. Schneider. The species 
now figured was originally described by Dr. Schneider as 
B. Stapfiana from a plant in the Barbery collection at 
Kew, which had been presented by Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin 
in 1910 under the name B. subcaulialata, from which it 
differs in the characters pointed out by Mr. Hutchinson. 
The plant from which our illustration has been prepared 
is not, however, the original type of B. Stapfiana, but 

March, 1917. ^ 

one raised from seed collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson sent 
to Kew in 1909 from the Arnold Arboretum. The seed 
in both instances came from Western China ; the precise 
locality is not known in either case. The long arching 
shoots, which are produced annually, impart to our 
plant a free and graceful habit; its being practically 
an evergreen affords an additional merit; it attains 
its greatest beauty in the fruiting condition, in October 
and November, later in the year perhaps than is the case 
with any other Barbery. It likes a good loamy soil and 
a sunny position ; the abundant seeds render its propa- 
gation easy. How far the differences between the three 
plants with dull-grey foliage above alluded to may be 
specific seems open to doubt. In a recent communica- 
tion Dr. Schneider has suggested that possibly both 
ot the forms described by him as distinct may be 
w?? tleS ° f the s P ecies described by Mr. Hemsley. 
While there is much to favour this view, the fact remains 
that B. Witeonae, Hemsl., is readily distinguished by its 
downy twigs from the two plants described by Dr. 
Schneider, in both of which the twigs are devoid of 
hairs; of these two, B. Stapjiana differs further from 
B. Wilsonae as regards the form of its ripe fruits. 

Description.— Shrub, about 5 ft. high; stem long, branches arching, 
ridged ; twigs glabrous, tawny-purplish, finely pustulate or smooth ; spines 
d-partite from the base, slender, very acute, tawny-straw-coloured, distinctly 
channelled beneath, f-f in. long, the lateral diverging from the main spine at a 
right angle. Leaves in clusters of 4-8, falling late, so that the plant is almost 
evergreen, Imear-oblanceolate, usually sharply mucronate, narrowed below into 
a short petiole entire or rarely 2-3-toothed, J-l* in. long, *-4 in. wide, firmly 
chartaceous glabrous, conspicuously reticulate especially on the green upper 
surface, below somewhat pruinose and papillose. Inflorescences of short 
clustered racemes considerably shorter than the leaves, 4-7-flowered ; pedicels 
pruinose, T5-J m. long, beset at the base with small wide -ovate acute coriaceous 
bracts. Flowers ye low, depressed-globose, about J in. across. Sepals: outer 
ovate-orbicular with rounded tips ; inner orbicular, fr-i in. wide, 6-nerved, 
much larger than the outer. Petals obovate, £ in. long, about T V in. wide 
narrowed to the base and there 2-glandular. Stamens shorter than the petals, 
^i?? ewha bluntly produced connective. Ovary as long as the stamens, 
SS y - an °u St flat orblcular stigma. Fruit wide ellipsoid, crimson and 
blac^sh^tigm'r' a ' iD ' l0ng includin S the P^sistent, shortly stipitate, 

fcJS^ ^a 1 * - Fi £ h a leaf ° f unusual type, showing marginal teeth ; 2, flower- 

ani liitsasa? ; ' petal and stamen ; 5 ' petai : 6j pi8tu ; 7 > fruit 


■' \\v '" r ~^? 


Vincent Brocfes.Dajr h. Son LV* i rr.p 


Tab. 8702. 
CLEMATIS Fargesii, var. Souliei. 


Bandncclaceae. Tribe Clematideae. 
Clematis, Linn. ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 3. 

Clematis Fargesii, Franch., var. Souliei, Finet et Gagnepain in Bull. Soc. 
Bot. France, vol. i. p. 523 (1903), et Contrib. Fl. As. Or. fasc. i. p. 8 (1905) ; 
Eehder et Wils. in Sargent, PI. Wilson, para iii. p. 336 (1913) ; a 
typo foliolis angustioribus basi late cuneatis vel rotundatis parce pubes- 
centibus, filamentis antberis multo longioribus differt. 

Frutex scandens ; ramuli sulcati, juniores breviter tomentosi, demum parce 
pubescentes, rubro-purpurascentes. Folia biternata, usque ad 20 cm. 
longa et 15 cm. expansa, tenuiter chartacea, utrinque parce adpresse 
pubescentia ; foliola lateralia terminal] multo minora, plus minusve ovata, 
2-3 cm. longa, 1-2 cm. lata, inaequaliter lobulato-dentata vel interdum 
sublobata, dentibus ovatis acute mucronatis ; foliola terminalia sessilia vel 
petiolulata, ovato-lanceolata, subtriloba, acute acuminata, basi rotundata 
vel breviter cuneata, 3-5 cm. longa, 2-4 "5 cm. lata; nervi supra im- 
pressi, infra prominentes, adscendentes, laxe ramosi. Pedunculi axillares, 
1-2-flori, foliis plerumque multo breviores, supra medium bracteolati, parce 
pubescentes, bracteolis minimis oppositis ; pedicelli ultimi 2* 5-4 "5 cm. 
longi, graciles. Alabastra ovoidea, obtusa, 1*5 cm. longa. Sepala 6, 
alba, extra flavo-tincta, obovata, apice acute mucronata, 2 "5-3 cm. longa, 
2-2 5 cm. lata, extra breviter pubescentia. Stamina glabra, stylis paullo 
longiora, filamentis linearibus complanatis vix 1 cm. longis, antheris 
3-3*5 mm. longis dilute flavis. Achaenia numerosa, late ovoidea, com- 
pressa, glabra, apice in stylum dense villosum attenuata.— Clematit 
Sozdiei, Francb. ex Finet et Gagnepain, I.e., nomen. — J. Hutchinson. 

The Clematis which forms the subject of our illustra- 
tion is a native of western Szechuan, where it is found 
in woodlands, but w here it appears to occur somewhat 
sparingly. At one time thought to be a distinct species, 
C. Souliei, Franch., it has recently been regarded as only 
a form of C. Fargesii, Franch., also a native of south- 
western China, and indeed to differ but slightly from 
that plant, as originally described, in having filaments 
considerably longer than the anthers, and perhaps also 
in having the leaflets more rounded or more widely 
cuneate at the base. C. Fargesii is a member of the 
Vitalba group of species ; within that group it is readily 

March, 1917. 

distinguished by its one- or two-flowered ' axillary 
peduncles and by its large and conspicuous flowers. 
The plant from which the material for our figure was 
obtained was raised at Kewfrom seeds received from the 
Arnold Arboretum in 1912. It flowered for the first time 
in 1915 ; the specimen figured Was gathered in 1916. 
Plants continue in flower from June to September ; they 
grow vigorously in a loamy soil, give every evidence of 
being hardy in our climate and develop sufficient seeds 
to make propagation easy. As a climbing shrub for 
gardens this Clematis will be valued for the pure white- 
ness and delicate satiny texture of its flowers. 

Description. — Shrub, climbing; twigs sulcate, shortly tomentose when 
young, ultimately sparingly pubescent, reddish -purple. Leaves 2-ternate, up 
to 8 in. long, 6 in. wide, thinly chartaceous, sparingly adpressed-pubescent on 
both surfaces ; lateral leaflets much smaller than the terminal, more or less 
ovate, |-1$ in. long, J-| in. wide, unequally lobulately toothed or at times 
almost lobate, the teeth ovate, acute and mucronate ; end-leaflet sessile or 
petiolulate, ovate-lanceolate, almost 3-lobed, acutely acuminate, base rounded 
or shortly cuneate, 1J-2 in. long, £~lf in. wide ; nerves sunk above, raised 
beneath, ascending, laxly branched. Peduncles axillary, 1-2-flowered, usually 
much shorter than the leaves, bracteolate above the middle, sparingly 
pubescent, the bracteoles very small, opposite ; pedicels beyond the bracteoles 
1-1J in. long, slender. Buds ovoid, blunt, § in. long. Sepals 6, white, tinged 
outside with yellow, obovate, sharply mucronate, 1-1 \ in. long, f-1 in. wide, 
shortly pubescent externally. Stam ens glabrous, rather longer than the styles ; 
filaments linear, flattened, about \ in. long, nearly thrice as long as the pale 
yellow anthers. Advenes numerous, wide-ovoid, compressed, glabrous, narrowed 
at the tip into the densely villous style. 

Tab. 8702.— Fig. 1 and 2, stamens ; 3, carpel ; 4, young achene :— all enlarged. 


MS del JHFiWhiith 

T^ay&:ScinLt imp- 

L.Ref^e &C°Lcm<it 

Tab. 8703. 

South Africa. 

Ficoideae. Tribe Mesembryeae. 
Mesembryanthemum, Linn.; Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 854. 

Mesembryanthemum Pillansii, Kensit in Be Wild. PI. Nov. Hort. Then. 
vol. ii. p. 3, t. 57; species M. lacero, Haw., affinis sed petalis longe 
spathulatis in genere insignis. 

Sujfrutex ramosus, 45-60 cm. altus, omnino glaber, rarais ancipitibus rubes- 
centibus. Folia 3-3 ■ 5 cm. longa, 6-9 mm. Jata, 8-10 mm. crassa, patula, 
incurva, acute triquetra, carina saepe eroso-dentata vel interdum in- 
tegra, apice mncronato-acuta, glauco-viridia. Flores solitarii, terminales. 
Pedicelli 1-1-3 cm. longi. Calyx 5-lobus, glauco-virens ; tubus late 
obcomcus, circiter 1-3-1-5 cm. diametro ; lobi inaequales, 1-1-5 cm. longi, 
foliiformes, tribus late membranaceo-marginatis. Corolla 4-4-5 cm. 
diametro ; petala biformia, exteriora numerosa, 3-seriata, alia patula, alia 
erecto-incurva, 1-5 cm. longa, longe spathulata, unguibus filiformibus 
albis et laminis elliptico-lauceolatis obtusis 2" 5-3 mm. latis pulchre pur- 
pureis ; interiora numerosa, breviora, supra stamina arete incurva, filiformia, 
alba. Stamina numerosa, supra ovarium incurva, alba. Ovarium latum, 
depressum, apice concavum, 10-loculare ; stigmata 10, minuta, conniventia. 
— N. E. Brown. 

The very distinct and somewhat peculiar Mesembryan- 
themum here figured was first met with in January, 1907, 
at Moutons Vley, near Piquetberg, Cape Colony, at an 
elevation of about 2,000 feet above sea-level. It has 
since been introduced to European collections by its 
discoverer, Mr. N. S. Pillans. The species has not yet 
flowered at Kew, and the material from which our plate 
has been prepared was obtained from a plant presented 
by Mr. Pillans to the Cambridge Botanic Garden in 1913 
which flowered there for the first time in June, 1914. 
Mr. R. I. Lynch, to whom we are indebted for this 
material, informs us that the conditions suitable for other 
members of the genus meet the requirements of M. Pil- 
lansii. The nearest ally of M. Pillansii is M. lactrum, 
Haw., which it much resembles in foliage, but the very 
remarkable spathulate petals at once distinguish our 

March, 1i)17. 

plant not only from M. lacerum, but from every other 
known member of the genus. The stamens and the 
minute stigmas are completely concealed within the 
dome formed by the closely contiguous incurved filiform 
inner petals. 

Description.— Undershru b, 1J-2 ft. high, much branched, glabrous in all its 
parts ; branches forked, reddish. Leaves glaucous-green, sharply triquetrous, 

lu" 1 ? m ; 1 T g ' *~* in# wide ' and s~i in - thick > spreading, then slightly incurved, 
the keel often erosely toothed, occasionally entire, the tip acute and slightly 
mucronate. Flowers solitary, terminal, pedicels i-i in. long. Calyx 5-lobed 
greenish glaucous ; tube wide obconic, from 4-| in. across ; lobes unequal! 
f-f in. long, resembling the leaves, three with, the others without, broad 
membranous margins. Corolla l|-lf i n . across; petals of two kinds; the 
outer numerous, 3-seriate, some spreading, others erect or incurved, about f in. 
long, long-spathulate with a white filiform claw and a purple elliptic-lanceolate' 
blunt blade T y-| in. wide ; the inner also numerous but shorter, white, filiform, 
sharply incurved over the stamens. Stamens numerous, white, incurved over 
the ovary. Ovary broad and depressed with a concave apex, 10-locular; 
stigmas 10, minute, connivent. 

Tab. 8703.— Fig. 1, section of a flower; 2, an outer petal; 3, inner petals 
and stamens ; 4, an inner petal :— all enlarged. 


Vincent kSaal/ri 

Reeve &C ^London. 

Tab. 8704. 
rubus illecebrosus. 


Rosaceae. Tribe Robeae. 
Rubus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 618. 

Rubus illecebrosus, Focke, in Abhandl. Nat. Ver. Bremen, vol. xvi. p. 278 
(1899), et in Bibl. Bot. heft lxxii. p. 152, fig. 64 ; a R. fraxinifolio, Poir., 
caulibus herbaceis, petiolis pedunculisque crebrius aculeatis, inflorescentiis 
paucifloria et floribus majoribus differt. 

Herba perennis, 15-25 cm. alta, radix repens surculigera; caulis erectus, 
annuus, angulatus, glaber, aculeatus. Folia 8-18 cm. longa, impari- 
pinnata, summo 3-foliolato excepto 5-7-jnga ; rhacbis sulcata, aculeata ; 
foliola anguste ovata vel ovato-lanceolata, duplicato-serrata, impresso- 
venosa, glabriuscula, 4-7 cm. longa, 15-3 cm. lata ; stipulae bracteaeque 
Imean-lanceolatae, ■ 5-1 cm. longae. Flores terminales, pauci, spectabiles, 
2-5-3-5 cm. diametro ; pedunculi graciles, aculeati, glabri, 2-4 cm. longi. 
Sepala late ovata, caudato- acuminata, concava, circiter 1 cm. longa. 
Petala late obovato-orbicularia, 1-5 cm. lata; post anthesin patentia. 
Stamina numerosa, filamenta glabra. Carpella numerosissima, glabra; 
stvli filiformes, glabri. Fructus ellipsoideo-globosus, 8 cm. longus, colore 
instar fragorum, sapore vero pinguior.— Rubus rosifolius coronarius flore 
stmplici forma alpina, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Imp. Sc. St. Petersb. vol. 
xm. p. 158, et Diagn. PL Nov. Jap. dec. x. p. 388. R. rosaefolius, J. H. Wils. 
in Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc. Genet, pp. 207, 208, fig. 49 B ; non Sm. R. sorbi- 
folius, Hort. ex Focke I.e. ; non Maxim. R. rosaefolius, y coronarius 
simplicifolia, Makino in Tokyo Bot. Mag. 1901, p. 50.— Phonzo Zoufou, 
vol. xxv. fol. 15, recto.— R. A. Rolfe. 

The Strawberry-Raspberry is a fruit which, during 
recent years, has attracted attention for its handsome 
appearance, though, in spite of its being sweet and 
palatable, it is somewhat disappointing as regards 
flavour. It is a Rubus with a herbaceous stem which in 
summer attains a height of eight inches, but in winter 
dies down to the ground. At Kew it is quite hardy, 
thriving well in loamy soil and in full sunshine. It may 
be propagated by seeds or by division of the old plants 
in early spring. The history of this Rubus is rather a 
confused one. There is a figure of the plant in the 
Phonzo Zoufou which is characteristic and unmistakable. 
In 1872 Mr. Maximowicz referred to the presence in 

April, 1917. 

Japan of two forms of R. rosaef alius, Smith ; one of 
these, termed alpina, has 1-2 terminal flowers on its 
dwarf young stems, with fruits an inch long; it was 
suggested that this form might be the doubtful R. chinensis, 
Ser., described in 1825. That this is not the case is shown 
by the comparison of our material with a fragment and 
with a natural-size photograph of the original specimen 
of R. chinensis kindly presented to the Kew collection by 
Mr. C. de Candolle ; R. chinensis is a shrub, nearly allied 
to R. rosaef alius, which was collected in China by Sir G. 
L. Staunton, the type specimen of which was presented 
to Mr. A. P. de Candolle by Mr. A. B. Lambert. Some 
time later than 1872 the Strawberry-Raspberry was 
introduced into American gardens and grown as R. sorbi- 
fohus. It subsequently reached Europe under this name, 
as a plant of somewhat doubtful origin, though probably 
Japanese. In 1899 Dr. Focke proved that the plant is not 
R. sorbifolius, Maxim., and described it as a new species, 
R. illecebrosus, allied to the western Chinese R. xantho- 
carpus, Bur. & Franch., without, however, indicating 
its identity with Maximowicz's alpine form of R. rosae- 
fohus and with the Phonzo Zoufou plant. Still later 
Dr. J. H. Wilson, overlooking Focke's account, referred 
to our plant as R. rosaef alius, " better known in gardens 
as R. sorbifolius, the so-called Strawberry-Raspberry." 
Modern Japanese authors, apparently equally unaware 
of the existence of the name R. illecebrosus, consistently 
treat our plant as a dwarf mountain form of R. rosae- 
folnts, notwithstanding the evidence to the contrary 
which its herbaceous habit affords. 

off?e F fcs SCBI R W N r^ r6 6_1 °, in ' W ; r00t P eren ™l, seeping and giving off 
offsets, stem erect, annual, angled, glabrous, prickly. Leaves 3-7 in. long, 
Srft uppermost 3-foliolate, the others 11-15-foliolate ; rachis sulcatf 
SaKUS nan ?* °vate or ovate-lanceolate, doubly serrate, nearly 

f££S SJnSdT" T a i ve ' l t? in - long ' H* in - wide ; S * i P ules and bract * 

linear lanceolate, i-f in. long. Flowers terminal, few, showy, 1-1^ in across : 
S^^/ 611 ^'?™^^^^.*-!! in- long. ^AoitecSl 
wld^^T*™' a > Ut *> long " Petals wide obovate-orbicular, f in. 
W™SriS Bpread i n f f/.r enSnUmerous ' filaments glabrous. Carpels 
2 Tike thf n/° U V Sty K l6S fi lf0n ? ' glabrOUS ' Fruit ellipsoid-globose, 1* in. 
long, like that of a strawberry in colour, but rather insipid when eaten. 

BW^^r^" !' P° rti , on . Gf margin of a leaf; 2, a flower-bud; 3 and 4, ' 
stamens , 5, a carpel ; 6, a fruiting carpel -.—all enlarged. 


MS dslJ.N.Mtch. hth 

"Vincent Brooks .DgykSorLLl^imp. 

L Resv? & C ° London 

Tab. 8705. 

SENECIO Hectori. 

New Zealand. 

Compositae. Tribe Senecionideae. 
Senecio, Linn. ; Bentlu et Hook. /. Gen. PUnt. vol. ii. p. 446. 

Senecio Hectori, Buck, in Trans. New Zeal. Inst. vol. v. p. 348 (1873) ; vol. 
vi. t. 23; Kirk, Students' Flora, p. 344; Cheeseman, Man. New Zeal, 
flora, p. 376; species foliis magnis repando-dentatis basin versus pin- 
natilobulatis, floribus radii albis valde distinct*. 

Frutex erectus, ramosus, usque ad 4 m. altus ; rami robusti, patuli, puberuli, 
apicem versus foliati. Folia inferiora obovato-elliptioa, apice subacuta, 
basin versus pinnato-lobulata, .15-25 cm. longa, 8-12 cm. lata, repando- 
dentata, dentibus subacute mucronatis 4-7 mm. distantibus, supra minute 
et sparse pustulata, infra tenuiter lanata; superiora sessilia elliptico- 
ianceolata vel lanceolata, fere glabra, subintegra. Corymbi terminates, 
iaxe ramosi, foliosi, 30 cm. diametro vel ultra; pedunculi glanduloso- 
Puberuh. Capittda 4-5 cm. expansa. Involucrum campanulatum, 
1-5 cm. longum, medio circiter 1 cm. diametro; bracteae 12-14, sub- 
bisenatae, basi bracteis paucis linearibus instructae, oblongo-lineares, acute 
acuminatae, apice intus hirsutae, extra glabrae, margine anguste car- 
tilagmeo-membranaceae, Flores radii albi, 12-14 ; corollae tubus anguste 
cylindncus, 5 mm. longus, glaber ; lamina lanceolata, apice minute 
tndentata, 1-5 cm. longa ; styli rami graciles, longe exserti. Flores disci 
flayi ; corollae tubus inferne anguste cylindricus. 0"8 cm. longus, superne 
leviter ampliatus, glaber ; lobi 5, oblongo-lanceolati, subacuti, 2 mm. longi : 
styli rami exserti, 2 mm. longi. Achaenia 3 • 5 mm. longa, glabra. Pappu* 
albus, amplus, 0*8 cm. longus, barbellatus.— J. Hutchinson. 

Among the thirty species of Senecw which are native 
in New Zealand one of the finest is S. Hectori, the 
subject of our plate. It is readily distinguished from 
its New Zealand congeners by its foliage, the basal 
portion or petiole of the lower leaves being pinnately 
lobulate, while the remainder of the leaf-blade is repand- 
dentate. This species is apparently confined to the 
bouth Island where it occurs in the Nelson and West- 
land districts, at elevations of from 250 to 3,£00 feet 
above sea-level. It flowers there from December to 
February, and in favoured localities the flower-heads are 
at times two and a half inches across. For the intro- 

April, 1917. 

duction of this fine plant horticulture is indebted to 
Captain A. A. Dorrien Smith, Kineshill, Berkhamsted, 
by whom it was brought to England in 1910, when an 
example was presented by him to Kew. The Kew plant 
has thriven well in a cool greenhouse, but has not yet 
flowered, and for the material from which our illustration 
has been prepared we are indebted to its introducer, 
with whom one of his own examples blossomed for the 
hrst time in July, 1913. As a conservatory plant 
&. Jiectori should prove a welcome acquisition ; at Kew 
it is unfortunately too tender for cultivation out of 

Description.-^™?,, erect, branched, reaching a height of 12-14 ft ; 
lower o'LtT' Tv*** P ub f Cent ' leaf * to ™rds their extremities L* aves 
where th P vn n t Y £ ^TVH aCUte towards the base > P^ately lobulate 
soZ^nZ^ & P etl + ole ' the .^^g^ elsewhere repand-toothedf the teeth 
somewhat sharply mucronate, |-£ in. apart, 6-10 in. long, 3-5 in. wide finely 

lancKe ng or y ia P no S " a , tG ^SH!* ™^ beneath ^ W« iSfdfiE 
ooselv brano^^^ f e 'io™° St glabl '° US and nearI y ^tire. Corymbs terminal, 
Hea7 8 i J o 5 wi 1 J ' & ac I° 8S ?\ W[der ; P ed ™ cl * s glandular-puberulous. 
camnL.r.l i ? m ltS n 1 atlVe habltat som etimes 2^ in. across ; involucre 
le« 9 Tr tl !'£ ?" -?u g ' f OVer L U1 - Wide in the middIe : bracts 12 ^4- more or 
imni 3 ' r W a ^ addltional linear basal ones, those of the involucre 
S„ oblon g- 1,near - acutely acuminate, glabrous outside, hirsute at the tip 
within, their margin narrowly cartilaginous-membranous. Hay-florets 12-14, 

minutel C v° r 3too SS *£T %**?* *, *' ! ° ng ' glaWs = ]a ™ lanceolate 
SSS£i"^£w.** u fe* m - l0Dg; st y ]e -arms slender, far-exserted 
JJis/c-flotcta yellow; corolla-tube narrow-cvlindric below, 4 in lone sliehtlv 

W^SL dB ^ abr0a ; '■ l0beS 6 ' °W-g-lanceolate ; somewhat ac'tel- 

iS^mST l m - l0ng ' gkbrOUS - ***" White > «*ta»J -tae 

5,^e-ar^^;i^ ( ^° ret; 2 > disk " flore ^ 3 - Papp-seta; 4, anthc 



Tab. 8706, 
CHIRITA Trailliana. 

South-west China. 

Gesneriaceae. Tribe Cyrtandreae. 
Chibita, Ham. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen Plant, vol. ii. p. 1022. 

Chirita Trailliana, Forrest et W. W. Smith in Not. R. Bot. Gard. Edin. 
vol. ix. p. 95 ; affinis C. brevipedi, C. B. Clarke, et C. speciosae, Kurz, sed 
ab utraque foliia obtuse crenatis nee serratis et corolla pendula, ab ilia 
praeterea pedunculo elongato, pedicello breviore, ab hac inflorescentiis 
paucirloris, calycis lobis latioribus late lanceolatis distincta. 

Herba humilis, perennis ; caulis repens, brevis, dense ferrugineo-hirsutus. 
Folia omnia basalia, petiolo 8-15 cm. alto rubro-hirsuto suffulta, lamina 
late ovata, obtusa vel subacuta, basi subaequaliter vel oblique subcordata 
vel cordata, 12-20 cm. longa, ad 15 cm. lata, obtuse crenata, supra 
densiuscule, infra laxius pilis subadpressis vel ad margines patulis vestita 
et hie purpurea vel purpureo-marmorata. Pedunculi inter folia emersi, 
erecti, ad 12 cm. longi, subrobusti, rubro-hirsuti, apice herbaceo-bracteati, 
cymam ad flores perpaucas redactam gerens floribus baud simul apertis ; 
pedicellus ad 2 cm. longus. Calyx ovoideus, ultra trientem in lobos sub- 
aequales late-lanceolatos acutos divisus, paulo ultra 2 cm. longus, rubro- 
hirsutus. Corolla extra undique magis minusve pubescens; tubus 4*5 cm. 
longus, basi per 8 mm. late cylindrieus, deinde sensim oblique ampliatus, 
superne ad 1*5 cm. latus, pallide violaceus, intus antice lineis flavidis 
notatus ; limbus pulchre violaceus ; lobis labii superioris rotundatis 1 cm. 
longis 1 • 5 cm. latis, iis labii inferioris 1 '8 cm. longis. Staminum filamenta 
glabra, 6 mm. longa ; antherae albo-lanatae. Staminodia filamentis albo- 
lanatis. Disctis crenulatus. Ovarium cum stylo pubescens; stigma 
inaequaliter bilobum. Capsula linearis, ad 9 cm. longa. — 0. Staff. 

The Chirita here figured, which was discovered by 
Mr. G. Forrest in May and June, 1912, at elevations of 
from 5,000-7,000 feet in the Shweli Valley and on the 
hills to the south of Tengueh in Yunnan, is one of a group 
of species the hitherto known members of which are 
C. hrevipes, Clarke, a native of the Khasia Hills, and 
C. speciosa, Kurz, which was discovered in south-western 
Yunnan at Poneline by the late Dr. J. Anderson. Yet 
another, but as yet an undescribed species belonging to 
the same group has been found, also in Yunnan, at 4,500 
feet elevation, near Szemao, by Dr. A. Henry. The 
Szemao plant has leaves that are almost exactly like 

Avrii, 1917. 

those of the Tengueh species which its discoverer and 
Mr. W. W. Smith have named C. Trailliana, but the 
calyx-teeth are narrowly linear above the base and the 
blossoms are aggregated in cymes of about four flowers, 
borne on peduncles as short as those of the Khasian 
L.brevipes ; the flowers, however, develop very unequally 
and there is probably, as in C. Trailliana, only one open 
at a given time. Examples of this Szemao plant from 
rather higher elevations have, however, peduncles with 
solitary flowers, and it is not impossible that it may 
eventually prove to be a form of C. Trailliana. The plant 
Irom which our figure was prepared was obtained for 
the Kew collection in 1915 from Messrs. R. Wallace 
and Company, Colchester, by whom it had been raised 
trom seed collected by Mr. Forrest for Mr. J. C. Williams, 
Caerhays Castle, Cornwall. It flowered in June in a 
greenhouse, and is evidently too tender to thrive out 
oi doors m Britain. It survived at Kew after flowering, 
but tailed to mature seeds. 

r^*«^n n0 ^""?'T 6 '? ere \ nial; Stem 8h ort, creeping, densely rusty-hirsute. 
tZlraiu ?lv &m T br °f dly ovate ' obtuse or somewhat acute, base 
W 7 t.?S ffi« ^W* T? ded ° r COrdate ' mar e in blun % senate, 5-8 in. 
haiS which Zr+£ denSC f- y i hlrSUte &h ,° Ve \ beneath rather laxlv clofched with 
elsewhlrP t, ?TJ> he P + ur P hshor P^ple blotched margin are spreading, but 
reddTsh hat, £7 ? a PP re f ed ' P etiol e about 3-6 in. long, hirsute with 
reddish hairs. Peduncles erect, from among the leaves, up to 5 in lone 

b^T'rSZStZ? S reddl l h hairS ' With h - ba «-- appeal bracis Zd 
Buccesfionar^ nn d c- ew f f owered c ^e, the individual flowers opening in 
for more than otT^T^Zl pedicd * in " lon S- Calyx ovoid, divided 
loLr over fin W v en S fcb mt ° neari y equal widedanceolate acute 
uniSrmh oubeLnt tJ ^™ ute ^ re ddish hairs. Corolla more or lesa 
umrornuy pubescent outside; tube nearly 2 in. lone, wide cvlindric for 

LleViole^with G ' n ere f ^ ^ lghtly 0Ui ^ enlarged Ldfin.tSeTbove! 
Cer Grounded 7 s 1 -: meS m . fron V nside ; limb bri g ht violet, lobes of the 
!^^ which are fin l™ <?/ ! ^ "* rather shorter * ban those of * he ^wer 
whirevmoS ant^i t a ^ ^ th g^rous filaments J in. long, and with 
OvarJind Tstvle ™h J*™"™*?* Wlth White Woollv filaments. Disk crenulate. 
iL Lg. 7 P^eacent; stigma unequally 2-lobed. Capsule linear, over 

tube^^idon^f'if^ 5L VertiCal section -with pistil; 2, a hair ; 3, corolla- 

an entke D £S : ^ >' ^ * tran8verse section of ovar y: ?, sketch of 
an entire plant .-all enlarged except 7, which is much reduced. 

a -j 07 


L Re.f. ; St '~L.nd.on. 

Tab. 8707. 

SAXIFRAGA manshuriensis. 

Manchuria and Corea. 

Saxifeagaceae. Tribe Saxifbageae. 
Saxifeaga, Linn. ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 635. 

Saxifraga (§Boraphila) manshuriensis, Komarov in Acta Hort. Petrop. 
vol. xxii. p. 415 ; Irving in Gard. Chron. 1915, vol. lviii, p. 184, cum icon. ; 
specie3 S.punctatae, Linn., affinis, foliis majoribus, petiolis et scapohirsutis, 
inflorescentia contracta, sepal is ciliatis, petalis duplo brevioribus differt. 

Herba succulenta, scapigera. Bhizoma breve, crassiusculum. Folia radicalia 
plura, longepetiolata, rotundato-reniformia, 5-6*5 cm. longa, 7-8 ■ 25 cm. 
lata, grosse crenata, crenis apiculatis, supra glabra, intense viridia, margine 
minute ciliolata, infra sparsissime pilosula, pallida ; petioli 10-14 cm. 
longi, hirsuti, rubelli. Scapus solitarius, circiter 35 cm. longus, pilis 
glanduloso-capitatis densiuscule hirsutus. Panicula terminalis, subglobosa, 
valde contracta, circiter 4 cm. diametro; bracteae lineares, inferiores ad 
2 cm. longae, acutae, rubellae ; pedicelli dense glanduloso-pilosi. Flores 
saepe 6-8-meri. Sepala reflexa, oblongo-lanceolata, obtusiuscula, circiter 
2 - 5 mm. longa, ciliata. Petala spatulato-oblonga, leviter retusa, 3 - 5 mm. 
longa. Stamina petalis duplo plura ; filamenta clavata ; antberae breviter 
oblongae. Pistilla rubra, fere ad basin libera, staminibus breviora, 
ampulliformia. — 8. punctata, Linn., var. rnanchuriensis, Engl. Monogr. 
Saxifrag. p. 139. — M. L. Geeen. 

The Saxifrage which forms the subject of our illus- 
tration was first described, as a variety of S. punctata, 
Linn., in 1872 by Engler. The plant on which the original 
account was based had been collected by Wilford on the 
coast of Manchuria in 1857. The Linnean species with 
which Engler thus associated Wilford's plant has a wide 
range in northern Asia, arctic America and the Rocky 
Mountains ; so far, however, as is yet known, Wilford's 
Saxifrage appears to be confined to Manchuria and 
northern Corea, where according to Komarov, who in 
1904 first indicated the desirability of regarding it as a 
distinct species, it is to be found in shady damp places on 
stream-banks. From S. punctata S, manshuriensis differs in 
being a more robust plant with larger and thicker leaves, 
in having the petioles and scapes hirsute, and in having 
the inflorescence globose and contracted. The plant from 

Afeil, 1917. 

which our figure has been prepared was raised at Kew 
from seed obtained from Messrs. Kegel and Kesselring, 
Petrograd, in 1913. The majority of the plants thus 
raised flowered for the first time in 1915. In the Eock 
Garden at Kew S. manshuriensis is in flower from July 
to August. It has proved a hardy perennial, easy to 
cultivate, which flourishes well in moist shady spots. 

Description.— Herb, fleshy, scapigerous, with a short, stout rootstock. 
o«T, CT . several radl cal, long-petioled ; lamina rounded-reniform, 2-2J in. long, 
^3-di in. across, coarsely crenate, the teeth apieulato, dark green and glabrous 
above, paler and sparingly finely pilose beneath, the margin very shortly 
ciholate ; petiole 4-5^ in. long, hirsute, reddish. Scape solitary, about 14 in. 
long, rather densely hirsute with gland-tipped hairs. Panicle terminal, much 
congested, subglobose, about lj in. across; bracts linear, the lowest about f in. 
long, acute, reddish; pedicels densely glandular-pilose. Flotvers usually 
b-8-merous. Sepals reflexed, oblong lanceolate, somewhat obtuse, about 
To m. long, cihate. Petals spathulate-oblong, slightly retuse, A in. long. 
Stamens twice as many as the petals ; filaments clavate, anthers shortly oblong. 
Pistils red, free nearly to the base, shorter than the stamens, flask-shaped. 

Tab. 8707.— Fig. 1, portion of under surface of leaf; 2, flower-bud; 3, open 
flower; 4, calyx and pistil ; 5 and 6, stamens; 7, sketch of an entire plant :— 
all enlarged except 7, which is much reduced. 


L.Reev-e &C?London. 

Tab. 8708. 
CORYLOPSIS Willmottiae. 

Western China. 

Corylopsis, Sieb. et Zucc. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 667. 

Corylopsis Willmottiae, Brlul. et Wils. in Plant. Wih. vol. i. p. 425 (1913) ; 
Bean, Trees S Shrubs, vol. i. p. 399 ; species C. Veitchianae, Bean, valde 
affinis sed calyce fructuque glabris, nectariis brevioribus, antheris luteis 
inclusis facile distinguenda. 

Frutex 2-4 m. alius ; ramuli novelli graciles, glabri, anno sequente minute 
lenticellati ; gemmae hiemales pallide virentes, lueidae, stipitatae. Folia 
decidua, obovata vel ovata vel ovalia, 2 • 5-8 -5 cm. longa, l - 2-3 - 7 cm. lata, 
acuta vel breviuscule acuminata, basi rotundata vel cordata, margine minute 
remoteque denticulata, supra saturate viridia, glabra, subtus glauca primum 
sericea demnm fere glabra, nervi laterales utrinsecus 7-10; petiolus l - 2- 
2'2 cm. longus, primum saepe sparse pilosus, demum glaber; stipulae 
ovato-lanceolatae, 1-2-2 5 cm. longae, purpurascentes, extra glabrae, intus 
sericeae, cito caducae. Flores odoratiin spicas pendulas, 5-7*5 cm. longas, 
circiter 20-floras congesti ; rhachis pilosa ; bracteae stipulares concavae, 
9 mm. longae, extra glabrae, intus sericeae ; bracteae florales breviores 
utrinque pilosae. Calyx glaber, 5-lobus, basi breve turbinatus ; lobi 
rotundati, 2 mm. longi. Petala suborbicularia, breviter unguiculata, dilute 
lutea, 3-3 '5 mm. lata. Stamina 5, petalis breviora; filamenta glabra, 
versus basin dilatata ; antherae intense luteae ; nectaria 5, alte 2-fida, lobis 
calycis breviora. Stijli 2, glabri ; stigmata recurva. Capsiila subglobosa, 
glabra, 2-loc;ilaris, 6 mm. longa. Scmina anguste-ovoidea, nigra, nitida, 
hilo albo notata. — C. multiflora, Hort. Willmott ; non Hance. — W. J. Bean. 

The genus Corylopsis has its chief centre in China, 
whence it extends to the Eastern Himalaya on the one 
hand, to Japan on the other. The various species are 
charming in gardens for their early blossoming, their soft 
yellow flowers and their gracious perfume. The species 
which forms the subject of our illustration, C. Willmottiae, 
has all these qualities ; it grows freely, and so far it has, 
since it reached this country, given no sign of being at 
all tender. Like other members of the genus, however, 
it is liable to suffer, when in flower, from late spring 
frosts which mar its beauty though they do not affect its 
growth. The introduction of C. Willmottiae horticulture 
owes to Mr. E. H. Wilson, by whom it was first dis- 

April, 1917. 

covered in 1908, south-west of Tachien-lu in Western 
bzecnuan, growing at altitudes of 6,000 to 7,5C0 feet. 
1 wo years later Wilson collected seeds again in the same 
locality, and from these seeds of 1910 most of the plants 
now in cultivation were raised. The plant which has 
provided the material for our plant was purchased for 
Kew from Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons in 1913, and 
flowered there in April, 1914. The species had, however, 
blossomed two years previously in the garden of Miss 
&. A. Willmott at Warley Place, and was exhibited by her 
at a meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society in March, 
1»IJ, as 6. multiflora, Hance, another Chinese species. 
It ripened seeds at Kew in 1916. C. Willmottiae is more 
closely allied to C. Veitchiana, Bean, figured at t. 8349 of 
this work, than it is to C. multiftora, but from our plant 
U Veitchiana may be readily distinguished by its pilose 
calyx and fruits, by its longer nectaries and by its 
exserted red anthers. J 

mSSkS^ifirS' 6 ~ 12 , ft - h[ * h >. y°™8 branches lender, glabrous, 
TJ^lfa lenticellate the second year; winter-buds pale shining greenf stalked 
Leaves deciduous, obovate, ovate or oval, 1-3A in lorn? i-Q> in tiJ. ™ 7i 
or cordate at the base acute or short a^L^BhZWly id S deS 
late ; deep green and g abrous above, glaucous and at first silk ilyXse beneath 
neSe " J xT r J " Tt* glabr ° US ; J eiDS Seven to ten °» each S the iSdrib • 
fate i it W Dg ' g r l OUS ,' ? at first sl ^ htl y P ilo8e i ^pules ovateTanceo! 
2 S i?T W g ' P U i rpll8h ' glabr ° US ° ufcside ' silk y withi »> soon falling S, 

shortly turbinate, the lobes rounded -J- in W pfi^u ' a- ? bed ' the base 
claw, soft yellow a-J- in widT ?/V, ia if." i }* romidlsh > ™th a short 
glabrous, d^ tel'towa'X the base aTtSrs' t&*L W ^ P^ 8 ' ^T^ 3 
bifid, shorter than the calyx-lobes Styles 2 ll ' n ^. taneB 6 > dee P ] y 



L.Reeve & C?London. 

Vincent Broo'ks.Day & SonLt a imp 

Tab. 8709. 
, VANDA luzonica. 

Philippine Islands. 

Orchid aceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Vanda, B. Br. ; Benth. et Hoolc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 578. 

Vanda luzonica, Loher ex Bolfe in Orch. Bev. 1915, p. 137, fig. 12, et p. 371 ; 
species V. tricolori, Lindl., affinis, caule breviore, floribus minoribua', 
sepalis albis nee regulariter brunneo-maculatis distinguenda. 

Herba epiphytica, 25-30 cm. alta. Caules crassi, erecti, vaginis foliorum 
obtecti. Folia recurva, oblonga, brevissime biloba, coriacea, basi con- 
duplicata, 15-35 cm. longa, 2 '5-7 cm. lata. Scapi erecti, circiter 
20 cm. longi, multiflori ; bracteae orbiculari-obovatae, obtusae, patentes, 
0-5-1 cm. longae; pedicelli 5-7 cm. longi. Flores speciosi, 5 "5 cm. 
diametro. Sepala et petala patentia, obovata, obtusa, basi attenuata, 
circiter 2-5 cm. longa. Labellum trilobum, basi saccatum, 2-2-5 cm. 
latum; lobus intermedins pandurato-oblongus, obtusus, convexus ; lobi 
lateralis erecti, auriculati. Columna lata, oblonga, circiter 4 mm. lata. 
Polhnia 2 ; stipes oblongus ; glandula late squamata. Capsula oblonga', 
acute angulata, 6-7 cm. longa, longe pedicellata.— R. A. Rolfe. 

The distinct and handsome Vanda here figured is a 
native of the Philippines. It was collected in central 
Luzon, in the Montalban district, by Mr. A. Loher in May, 
1905, and dried specimens from this locality, accompanied 
by a photograph and drawings, were presented by him to 
the herbarium at Kew in 190b* under the name V. luzonica. 
That living plants had already been introduced to culti- 
vation in Europe is shown by a reference to the fact that 
the species, under this name, was then alive in the orchid 
collection at Erlangen. The plant from which our figure 
has been prepared was purchased for the orchid collection 
at Kew in 1911 from Mr. C. F. Karthaus, Potsdam. But 
although the name V. luzonica was already in use among 
°. r £ hld growers, no description of the species was pub- 
lished until 1915, when a plant flowered in the collection 
of Mr. H. Dixon, Sydney, New South Wales. A little 
later m the same year it was exhibited in flower at the 
Panama Exhibition. In November, 1915, it also flowered 
in the collection of Messrs. Sander and Sons, St. Albans, 

May, 1917. 

and in December, 1915, the Kew plant, too, flowered for 
the first time in a tropical house where it had been 
grown and had thriven well under the conditions suitable 
for V. tricolor ■, Lindl., a species from Java, figured at 
t. 4432 of this work, which is its nearest ally in the 
genus. Though so closely related the two species differ 
very markedly in coloration, the sepals and petals of 
V. luzonica being white, not yellow, with a tinge or, at 
times, a defined spot of purple towards the apex, but 
with no trace of the brown blotches which characterise 
the sepals and petals of V. tricolor. 

Description.— Herb, epiphytic, 10-12 in. high ; stem stout, erect, clothed 
with leafy sheaths. Leaves recurved, oblong, shortly 2-lobed, coriaceous, con- 
duplicate at the base, 6-14 in. long, 1-li in. wide. Scapes erect, about 8 in. 
long, many-flowered; bracts orbicular-ovate, obtuse, spreading, 4-f in. long; 
pedicels 2-2f in. long. Flowers showy, over 2 in. wide. Sepals 5 a nd petals 
spreading, obovate, obtuse, narrowed to the base, about 1 in. long. Lip 3-lobed, 
base saccate, |-1 in. long, nearly f in. wide; mid-lobe pandurate-obkmg, obtuse, 
convex ; lateral lobes erect, auriculate. Column broad, oblong, about i in. wide. 
Pollinia 2 ; stipe oblong ; gland scale-like, broad. Capsule oblong, acutely 
angular, 2J-3 in. long, long-pedicelled. 

Tab. 8709.— Fig. 1, lip and column ; 2, column and base of lip ; 3 and 4, 
pollinarium, seen from in front and from behind ; 5, sketch of an entire plant : 
— all enlarged except 5, which is much reduced. 


Vincent Brooks, Day 

L Reeve &C9 London 

Tab. 8710 a. 

North America. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Pyroleae. 
Pyrola, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 602. 

Pyrola uliginosa, Torr. d A. Gray ex Torr. Fl. New York, vol. i. p. 453, t. 69 ; 
Briiton d Brown, III. Fl, N. United States, vol. ii. p. 551, fig. 2729 ; ed. 2, 
vol. ii. p. 669, fig. 3200 ; Andres in Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. vol. xxx. 
p. 569, fig. I 4 et II 2, 3 ; Bydberg in N. Amer. Flora, vol. xxix. p. 23 ; 
species P. rotund if oliae, Linn., afftnis, foliis tenuioribus haud nitidis, 
floribus paulum minoribus rubro-purpureis et calyce breviore distinguenda. 

Herba perennis, caudice longo repente ramoso. Caulis brevissimus. Folia 
suborbicularia vel ovato-elliptica, apice rotundata vel raro subacuta, basi 
leviter cuneata et interdum inaequalia, minute crenulata, ad 7 cm. longa 
et 6 cm. lata, tenuia, glaberrima, supra atro-viridia, haud nitida, infra 
pallidiora, interdum rubescentia ; petiolus ad 10 cm. longus, acute 3-angu- 
latus. Scapus erectus, l'5-3 cm. longus, glaber, striato-angulatus, 
squamis 1-3 lanceolatis membranaceis 1"2-1*5 cm. longis instructus. 
Bacemus 6-10 cm. longus, laxe 5-20-florus ; bracteae lanceolatae, mem- 
branaceae, roseolae, pedicellis subaequilongae ; pedicelli graciles, 4-7 mm. 
longi. Flores nutantes, fragrantes. Calycis lobi ovato-triangulares vel ovato- 
lanceolati, 2 '5-3 mm. lougi, basin versus 2 mm. lati, acuti. Corolla extra 
praesertim vivide rubro-purpurea vel rosea, intus eaepe pallide rosea, circiter 
l'l cm. lata. Petala obovata vel elliptica, plus minusve concava, apice 
rotundata, 6-8 mm. longa, 6-7 mm. lata. Stamina 10, conferta, adscendentia ; 
antherae purpureae vel roseae, loculis basi breviter mucronatis. Ovarium 
depresso-globosum, 5-lobum, glabrum ; stylus declinatus, 7-8 mm. longus, 
apicem versus annulatus, stigmate 5-3obulato. Fructus depresso-globosus, 
circiter 8 mm. diametro. — P. rotundifoUa, Linn., var. uliginosa, A. Gray, 
Man. Bot. ed. 2, p. 259, et Syn. Fl. N. Amer. vol. ii. pt. 1, ed. 2, p. 48. 
P. rotundifoUa var. incarnata, A. Gray, p. 259 and p. 47, non var. 
inearnata, DC. P. incarnata, Piper in Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. vol. xi. 
p. 435, non Fisch. P. data, Kutt. in Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. N.S. 
vol. viii. p. 270. P. asarifolia, Michx. var. incarnata, Fernald in 
Rhodora, vol. vi. p. 178. Thelaia asarifolia, Alefeld in Linnaea, vol. 
xxviii. p. 54, partim. T. bracteosa, Alefeld, I.e. p. 57, partim.— S. A. Skan. 

This interesting and pretty plant, the Bog or Swamp 
Wintergreen of North America, was originally described 
from material collected by Dr. Knieskern at Oriskany, 
Oneida County, New York, where it was found in 
Sphagnum swamps. It is now known to be distributed 
from Nova Scotia to New York, South Dakota, Colorado, 

May, 1917. 

Oregon, and from Washington to Alaska, in bogs, meadows 
and copses. The material figured came in June, 1916, 
from Mr. F. R. S. Balfour, of Dawyck, Peeblesshire, 
where the plant was grown from roots collected by him 
in the Olympic Mountains, Washington. Pyrola uliginosa 
belongs to the section Thelaia, characterised by having 
the petals smooth, not tuberculate, at the base, ascend- 
ing stamens, and a declinate style dilated near the apex 
into a ring or collar, and contracted above into a stigma 
of five erect lobules. The connivent stamens are directed 
towards the upper petals, while the style curves sharply 
away from them towards the lowermost petal, which forms 
a kind of lip. To this section belongs the well-known 
P. rotundifolia, Linn., distinguished from P. uliginosa by 
its more coriaceous shining leaves, larger white flowers 
and much longer calyx-lobes. The variety incarnata, DC, 
of P. rotundifolia (P. incarnata, Fisch.) of Eastern Asia 
has rose-coloured or reddish flowers, and some botanists 
have identified it with P. uliginosa, but it differs in its 
more coriaceous shining leaves and longer calyx-lobes. 
The North American P, asarifolia, Michx., is distinguished 
by its suborbicular-reniform leaves, which are usually 
more or less cordate at the base. The characters 
distinguishing P. uliginosa from P, bracteata, Hook., 
are mentioned in the remarks on that species, a figure 
of which is also given on t. 8710. 

Description.— Herb, perennial, with a long creeping rootstoek; stem very 
short. Leaves nearly orbicular or ovate-elliptic, apex rounded rarely somewhat 
acute, base slightly cuneate and at times unequal, finely crenulate, up to 3 in. 
long, 2| in. wide, thin, quite glabrous, dark green but not polished above, paler 
and sometimes reddish beneath ; petiole up to 4 in. long, sharply 3-angled. 
Scape erect, 6-12 in. high, glabrous, ridged, with 1-3 lanceolate membranous 
scaled i-| in. long. Raceme 2^-4 in. long, laxly 5-20-flowered ; bracts lanceo- 
late, membranous, flushed with rose, about as long as the slender, \-\ in. long 
pedicels. Flowers nodding, fragrant. Calyx 5-lobed ; lobes ovate-triangular 
or ovate-lanceolate, T ' 5 -i in. long, T L i n . wide at the base, acute at the apex. 
Corolla bright red-purple or rose-coloured, especially outside, within usually 
pale rose, about £ in. across ; petals obovate or elliptic, concave, rounded at 
the apex, \-\ in. long, and nearly as wide. Stamens 10, approximated, ascend- 
ing ; anthers purple or rose, their cells shortly mucronate at the base. Ovary 
depressed-globose, 5-lobed, glabrous ; style declinate, about \ in. long, annulate 
at the apex ; stigma 5-lobulate. Fruit depressed-globose, about \ in. across. 

Tab. 8710a. — Fig. 1, flower, with petals removed; 2, pistil; 3, transverse 
section of ovary ; 4, longitudinal section of ovary :— all enlarged. 

Tab. 8710 b. 
pyrola bbacteata. 

North America. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Pyroleae. 
Pyrola, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 602. 

Pyrola bracteata, Hook. Fl. Bor.-Amer. vol. ii. p. 47 ; Piper in Contrib. U.S. 
Nat. Herb. vol. xi. p. 435 ; Rydberg in N. Amer. Flora, vol. xxix. p. 23 ; 
species P. uliginosae, Torr. & A. Gray, valde affinis, sed foliis saepissime 
acutis minute denticulatis, bracteis majoribus, calycis lobis lanceolatis vel 
triangulari-lanceolatis et petalis longioribus angustioribuaque differt. 

Herba perennis, caudice longo repente squamoso. Caulis ad 5 cm. longus. 
Folia suborbicularia, late ovata vel elliptica, apice saepissime acuta, basi 
subcordata, rotundata vel leviter cuneata, minute et remote denticulata, ad 
8 cm. longa et 5 cm. lata, tenuia, glaberrima, supra atro-viridia, nitida, infra 
pallidiora, saepe rubescentia ; petiolus ad 10 cm. longus, acute 3-angulatus. 
Scapus erectus, 2-3 dm. longus, glaber, striato-angulatus, squamis 1-3 
late lanceolatis membranaceis acuminatis l'5-2 cm. longis instructus. 
Racemus 6-10 cm. longus, 10-25-florus ; bracteae lanceolatae vel late 
lanceolatae, membranaceae, acuminatae, saepe roseae, pedicellis longiores ; 
pedicelli 5-8 mm. longi. Calycis lobi lanceolati vel triangulari-lanceolati, 
circiter 4 mm. longi, basi 1 "5-2 mm. lati, acuminati. Corolla vivide rubro- 
purpurea vel rosea, 1 * 5-2 cm. lata. Petala elliptico-oblonga, apice rotun- 
data vel subacuta, 8-10 mm. longa, circiter 5 mm. lata. Stamina 10, 
conferta, adscendentia ; antherae viridescenti-luteae, loculis basi conspicue 
mucronatis. Ovarium depresso-globosum, glabrum, 5-lobum ; stylus 
declinatus, 7-10 mm. longus, apicem versus annulatus, stigmate 5-lobulato. 
Fructus depresso-globosus, 8 mm. diametro. — P. rotundifolia, Linn., var. 
bracteata, A. Gray in Brewer & Wats. Bot. Calif, vol. i. p. 460, et Syn. Fl. 
N. Amer. vol. ii. pt. 1, ed. 2, p. 48 ; Parsons & Buck, Wild Flowers of Calif, 
p. 100. P. bracteata, var. Hillii, J. K. Henry in Torreya, vol. xiv. p. 32. 
Thelaia bracteosa, Alefeld in Linnaea, vol. xxviii. p. 57, partim. — S. A. Skan. 

The Indian Lettuce or Canker Lettuce of North-west 
America, a figure of which accompanies our illustration 
of Pyrola uliginosa, is also an interesting and pleasing 
plant. The type of P. bracteata, all the flowers of which 
are in bud, was collected by Dr. Scouler on the north- 
west coast of North America ; the precise locality has 
not been recorded. The area it occupies is more 
restricted than that occupied by P. uliginosa ; it extends 
from British Columbia to Idaho and California, in open 
coniferous woods. The material for our illustration was 

Mat, 1917. 

communicated by Mr. F. R. S. Balfour, of Dawyck, who 
lifted the roots in the valley of the Olympic Mountains 
whence came the plant of P. uliginosa figured along with 
P. bracteata. At Dawyck P. bracteata has been grown 
along with P. uliginosa in a Vaccinium bed in a soil of 
peat and leaf mould with sand admixed. The subsoil is 
gravel ; the bed is at the base of a steep bank covered 
with high trees, and is in close proximity to a stream. 
The site is thus well shaded and the atmosphere con- 
stantly moist. There are several points which render the 
discrimination of P. bracteata from P. uliginosa far from 
difficult, notwithstanding the resemblance they bear to 
each other. In P. bracteata the leaves are usually acute and 
the veins end in distinct, though minute marginal teeth. 
The bracts in P. bracteata are larger, the calyx teeth are 
longer and of a different shape ; the petals are longer 
and narrower, and when fully expanded give the flower a 
2-lipped appearance ; moreover, the anthers are yellow, 
not purple or rose as in P. nliginosa. Gray states that, 
at times, the leaves of P. bracteata are variegated with 
whitish bands. The two vernacular names are used, 
according to Parsons and Buck, in California, where a 
preparation possessing astringent properties is made 
from the plant and is used medicinally as a tonic and 

Description. — Herb, perennial, with a long creeping rootstock ; stem up to 
2 in. in .'height. Leaves nearly orbicular, or ovate or elliptic, apex generally 
acute, base subcordate, rounded or slightly cuneate, minutely and distantly but 
distinctly toothed, up to 3 in. long and 2 in. wide, thin, quite glabrous, dark 
green and shining above, paler and often reddish beneath ; petiole up to 4 in. 
long, sharply 3-angled. Scape erect, 8-12 in. high, glabrous, ridged, with 1-3 
wide-lanceolate, membranous, acuminate scales, j-4 in. long. Raceme 2£-4 in. 
long, 10-25-flowered ; bracts lanceolate, or wide-lanceolate, membranous, 
acuminate, longer than the pedicels, often rose-coloured ; pedicels \-\ in. long. 
Calyx 5-lobed ; lobes lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, about 
l in. long, under j 1 ^ in. wide at the base. Corolla bright red-purple or rose- 
coloured, §-£ in. across; petals elliptic-oblong, rounded or somewhat acute, 
J~f in - l° n g> about } in. wide. Stamens 10, aggregated, ascending ; anthers 
gr.enish-yellow, their cells distinctly mucronate at the base. Ovary depressed- 
globose, glabrous, 5-lobed ; style declinate, \-\ in. long, annulate near the 
apex ; stigma 5-lobulate. Fruit depressed-globose, about ' in. across. 

Tab. 8710 u. — Fig. 5, portion of margin of a leaf ; 6, calyx and pistil ; 7 and 8, 
anthers : — all enlarged. 



Brook* Day&ScmLtHnip 

Tab. 8711. 
PLAGIOSPERMUM sinense, forma brachypoda. 


Eosaceae. Tribe Pruneae. 

Plagiospeemum, Oliv. in Hook. Icon. Plant, vol. xvi. t. 1526 CI 886) ; Engl, in 
Engl. SPrantl, Nat. Pflanzenf. Nachtr., p. 186 (1897). 

Plagiospermum sinense, Oliv. I.e. ; A. Purpus in Mitt. Deutsch. D.endr 
Gesellsch. vol. xii. p. i. cum icon. adv. (1903) ; Komarov in Act. Hort 
Petrop. vol. xxii. p. 554, t. 12 (1904) ; Grignan in Rev. Hort. 1904, p. 60 
De Wild. Icon. Hort. Then. vol. v. p. 89, t. 182 (1905) ; Vihnor. in Hort 
Vilmor. p. 21 (1906) ; M[ast.] in Gard. Chron. 1907, vol. xli. p. 65 (1907) ; 
Mottet in Rev. Hort. 1907, pp. 152, 417, fig. 135, 136; affinis P. uniflorae, 
Stapf (Prinsepiae uniflorae, Batal.), sed floribus flavis, pedicellis normaliter 
multo longioribus, fructibus majoribus distincta. 

Frutex fere 2 m. altus, virgato-ramosus ; rami duorum generum, alii elongati, 
stricti, spinosi, glabri, annotini cortice cinereo vel albido laevi obtecti, alii 
admodum abbreviati, fasciculos foliorum gerentes ; spini supra ramos 
abbreviatos orti, patuli, recti vel vix recurvi, nunc perbreves nunc ultra 
1 cm. longi. Folia lanceolata plerumque angustata, subacuta vel sub- 
obtusa et saepe mucronata, basi longe in petiolum attenuata, integra, 
15-2 5 cm. longa, 4-8 mm. lata, tenuia, glaberrima, supra pallide viridia, 
infra giauca, venis plane obscuris ; stipulae ramorum elongatorum lanceo- 
lato-subulatae, demuru induratae, ramorum abbreviatorum tenuiter fili- 
formes, 2-3 mm. longae, purpurascentes, interdum sparse glanduligerae. 
Flores cum foliis ramorum abbreviatorum dispositi, aurantiaco-rlavi ; 
pedicelli sub anthesi circiter 1-1 • 5 cm., vel in forma culta brachypoda 
2 '5-3 mm. longi, glabri. Calyx late turbinatus ad 3 mm. altus, pallidus, 
praeter cilia praesertim dentium herbaceorum apices induentia glaberrimus, 
intus disco carnosulo ad os in annulum producto vestitus. Petala orbi- 
cularia, subdenticulata, breviter unguiculata, 3-4 mm. diametro. Stamina 
10, disci annulo inserta ; filamenta antheras parvulas aequantes. Ovarium 
in fundo receptaculi immersum, depresso-ellipsoideo-globosum, glaber- 
rimum ; stylus lateralis vel in fructu subbaealis, e receptaculo breviter 
exsertus, sursum sensim crassior; stigma depresso-capitatum ; ovula 2, 
collateralia, e placenta suprabasali oblique patentia, micropyle adaxiali 
carunculo minuto subtecta. Drupa compressa-globosa, atropurpurea, 
pruinosa, 8 mm. diametro ; putamen sectione transversa elliptica ; em- 
bryonis radicula infera. — Prinsepia chinensis, Hallier f. in Abh. Nat. Ver. 
Hamburg, vol. xviii. p. 8 (1903) ; Bean, Trees & Shrubs, p. 223, cum icon. 
(1914) ; Rehder in Sarg. Plant. Wilson, vol. iv. p. 345 (1915).- 0. Stapf. 

The Manchurian genus Plagiospermum, Oliv., is closely 
allied to the Himalayan genus Prinsepia, Royle ; the two 
have by some been regarded as sections of one genus. 
They are, however, very distinct ; in Prinsepia the buds 

May, 1917. 

are perulate, the leaves exstipulate, the stamens in- 
definite with discrete anther-cells, the endocarp thin and 
crustaceous ; in Plagiospermum the budscales are replaced 
by persistent stipules, while the stamens are 2-seriate 
with contiguous anther-cells, and the endocarp is thick 
and stony. The material for our plate was supplied by 
Sir F. W. Moore from a plant of Plagiospermum sinense, 
which flowered at Glasnevin in February, 1916. This 
plant, supplied by Mr. T. Smith, Newry, came originally 
from Messrs. Kegel and Kesselring, Petrograd. In 
March, 1916, another plant flowered at Kew for the 
first time. This plant was presented in 1908 by 
Mr. P. L. de Vilmorin, who had received it from Russia. 
In cultivation three somewhat distinct forms of P. sinense 
are met with. One of these has large leaves with 
relatively large flowers on long pedicels. The other two 
have smaller leaves and flowers ; one of the two has 
fairly long, the other, here figured, has comparatively 
short flower-stalks, whence the name brachypoda. All 
are equally hardy out of doors in this country. 

Description. — Shrub, 6-7 ft. high, virgately branched ; twigs of two kinds, 
the former long, strict, armed with spines, glabrous, clothed with last year's 
grey or whitish smooth bark, the latter rather contracted, bearing clusters of 
leaves ; the spines springing from above the short branches spreading, straight 
or slightly curved, some very short, others over ^ in. long. Leaves usually 
narrowly lanceolate, somewhat acute or obtuse, ani often mucronate, base 
gradually narrowed to the petiole, entire, f-1 in. long, ^-^ in. wide, thin, quite 
glabrous, pale green above, glaucous beneath, nerves obscure ; stipules of the 
leaves on the longer branches lanceolate-subulate, at length indurated, of those 
on the shorter branches thin, filiform, purplish, sometimes sparingly glandular. 
Flower arranged among the leaves of the shorter branches, orange-yellow ; 
pedicels in flower from |-f in. long, or in the form brachypoda now figured only 
To _ s in - long, glabrous. Calyx wide-turbinate, $ in. deep, pale, quite glabrous 
save for the cilia met with on the herbaceous teeth, clothed inside by a some- 
what fleshy disk with an annular opening. Petals orbicular, somewhat denti- 
culate, shortly clawed, ±-\ in. wide. Stamens 10, inserted on the disk-ring ; 
filaments as long as the small anthers. Ovary immersed in the base of the 
receptacle, depressed ellipsoid-globose, quite glabrous ; style lateral or in fruit 
almost basal, slightly exserted from the receptacle, gradually thickened 
upwards ; stigma depressed capitate ; ovules 2, collateral, spreading obliquely 
from the supra-basal placenta ; micropyle almost occluded by a small adaxial 
caruncle. Drupe compressed globose, dark purple, pruinose, \ in. wide ; stone 
elliptic in cross section ; radicle inferior. 

Tab. 8711. — Fig. 1, flower; 2, the same, in section, the petals removed; 
3 and 4, anthers ; 5, pistil :—all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks, Day h Soul* iMp- 

L Rn 

Tab. 8712. 

Africa, rndia, China, 

Myesinaceak. Tribe Eumyrsineae. 
Myrsine, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 642. 

Myrsine africana, Linn. Sp. Plant, ed. 1, p. 196; Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. 
Schultes, p. 195 ; Lam. Encyc. Meth. t. 122 ; Duhamel, Traite des Arbree, 
vol. ii. p. 242, t. 70; DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 93; Dyer, Fl. Cap. 
vol. iv. sect. i. p. 434 ; Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. iii. p. 493 ; Collett, Fl. 
Simlensis, p. 304, fig. 94; species foliis parvis dentatis a caeteris 

Frutex dioicns, O'6-l m. altus, ramis minute puberulis vel fere glabris, brunneis. 
Folia alterna, coriacea, glabra; petioli 1-2 mm. longi; lamina 0" 5-2 "5 cm. 
longa, 4-12 mm. lata, lanceolata, obovata vel elliptica, obtusa vel acuta, 
apiculata, basi saepe cuneata, marginibus supra medium paucidentatis, 
supra atro-viridia, nitida, subtus pallidiora. Flores unisexuales, 2-5 in 
fasciculos axillares dispositi ; pedicelli 5-1 5 mm. longi, glabri. Calyx 
5-lobus, pallide brunneus, punctatus, masculi 1 mm. longus, foeminei 
O'S-O"? mm. longus ; lobi ovati vel oblongi, obtusi vel acuti, minute 
glanduloso-ciliati vel glabri. Corolla 1'5 mm. longa, campanulata, 
4-5-loba, pallide brunnea, punctata; lobi floris masculi late ovati, florin 
feminei anguste ovati, acuti, glanduloso-ciliati. Stamina 4-5, floris 
masculi corolla duplo longiora, antheris 1 ' 5 mm. longis violaceo-purpureis ; 
floris feminei cum corolla aequilonga, abortiva. Ovarium ovoideum, in 
stylum attenuatum, a flore masculo absens ; stigma maximum, discoideum, 
dentato-lobatum. Bacca globosa, glabra, violaceo-purpurea, nitida. — 
N. E. Brown. 

The species here figured has been in cultivation in 
English gardens for more than two centuries. It is a 
small evergreen of very neat appearance, and when in 
fruit is singularly ornamental and pleasing. It is, more- 
over, perfectly hardy, and the single plant in the Rock 
Garden at Kew has grown there without any protection for 
the past twenty years. It thrives in either a light loamy 
or peaty soil and may be readily propagated by cuttings. 
In spite of these recommendations it is but rarely 
met with in collections and has been so little regarded 
that no horticultural figure appears to have been pub- 
lished. This is probably due to the fact that the plant 
is strictly dioecious, and that growers who have not been 

May, 1917. 

at pains to procure both sexes have not appreciated how 

attractive the female plant may be when in fruit. The 

plant is inter 3sting as being that on which Linnaeus 

based the genus Myrsine ; it is further interesting in 

having a geographical range much wider than is usual in 

the order Myrsinaceae. The original introduction to this 

country was from the Cape of Good Hope, and samples 

from that region were in cultivation at Hampton Court 

in 1691 ; to Cape specimens also the species owes its 

name M. qfricana. Thence, however, it extends through 

tropical Africa to Afghanistan and Northern India. A 

figure based on a specimen from this region has been 

given in the Flora Simlensis of Sir Henry Collett. It 

occurs again in China whence it has been recently 

re-introduced ; most if not all the plants in modern 

collections are of Chinese origin. The material from 

which our plate was prepared was obtained in May, 1916, 

from the garden at Nymans, Handcross, Sussex, which 

contains one of the finest and most comprehensive 

collections of trees and shrubs in Britain, formed by the 

late Mr. L. Messel, and carefully maintained by his 

daughter. At Nymans two plants of M. qfricana of 

different sexes grow close together ; this has resulted in 

the production of berries, hitherto a very rare event in 

this country. This, however, is not the first occasion 

on which M. africana has fruited in England ; it did so 

at Abbotsbury in 1893 and again in 1898, as specimens 

communicated to Kew in these years testify. 

Description.— Shrub, dioecious, 2|-3^ ft. high; twigs finely puberulous or 
nearly glabrous, brown. Leaves alternate, coriaceous, glabrous; petioles very 
short, blade ->~1 in. long, }-^ in. wide, lanceolate, obovate or elliptic, obtuse or 
acute, apiculate, base usually cuneate, margin sparsely toothed towards the 
apex, dark green and polished above, paler beneath. Flowers 1-sexual, in 
axillary clusters of 2-5 ; pedicels very short, glabrous. Calyx 5-lobed, pale 
brown, dotted, male A in. long, female rather smaller; lobes ovate or oblong, 
obtuse or acute, finely glandular-ciliate or glabrous. Corolla Jg in. long, 
campanulate, 4-5-lobed, pale brown, dotted ; lobes in the male wide ovate, in 
the female narrow ovate, acute, glandular-ciliate. Stamens 4-5, in the male 
twice as long as the corolla, the violet-purple anthers -j- 1 ^ in. long; in the female 
not longer than the corolla and abortive. Ovary absent from the male ; in the 
female ovoid, narrowed into the style ; stigma very large, discoid, distinctly 
lobed. Berry globose, glabrous, shining, violet-purple. 

Tab. 8712.— Fig. 1, leaf; 2, flower; 3, calyx in section, showing the pistil; 
4, corolla, laid open : — all enlarged. 


MS. del J N Filch.lith. 

L Reeve &C°London. 

Vm-CentBi-ooks, Day &.SonLAiup 

Tab. 8713. 




Aesculus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hoolt. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 398 
(Sapindaceae, subord. Sapindeae). 

Aesculus turbinata, Blume in Bumphia, vol. iii. p. 195 (1887) ; Shirasawa,, 
Icon. Ess. For. vol. i. t. 71 ; Elwes dt Henry in Trees of Gt. Brit. <£ Ireland, 
vol. ii. p. 221 ; Schneider in Handb. der Laubholzk. vol. ii. p. 246 ; Bean 
in Gard. Chron. 1902, vol. xxxi. p. 187, fig. 58, et in Trees d- Shrubs, 
vol. i. p. 174 ; species A. Hippocastanum, Linn., in memoriam reducens Bed 
ab eo fructu obovato minore verrucis nee tamen aculeis notato et foliolia 
margine minute aequabiliterque dentatis apte distinguenda. 

Arbor ad 30 m. alta ; truncus ad 2 m. crassua ; gemmae perviscidae ; cortex 
annosus desquamatus ; innovationes minute pubescentea. Folia decidua, 
palmatim 5-7-foliolata ; foliola sessilia obovato-cuneata, breviter acu- 
minata, margine minute dentata, 10-25 cm. longa, 5-15 cm. lata, foliolo 
centrali basalibus plus quam duplo majore ; supra saturate viridia, subnitida, 
glabra ; subtus glaucescentia ad angulos costarum brunneo-floccosa ceterum 
glabra ; petiolus 7 "5-25 cm. longus. Paniculae aestate ineunte florescentea 
terminates, erectae, anguste pyramidatae, ad 25 cm. longae, basi ubi 
latissimae ad 8' 5 cm. latae ; rhachia pedicellique minute pubescentea; 
flores singuli 1'5 cm. expansi. Calyx pubescens, campanulatus, 5-lobus ; 
lobi rotundati, ciliati. Petala 4, suborbicularia, abrupte unguiculata, 
reflexa, supra pubescentia, margine ciliata, macula centrali primum lutea 
demum dilute rubicunda notata, ceterum gilva. Stamina ad normam 
7, valde exserta ; filamenta gracilia, decur\ T a, 1 ' 5 cm. longa, Ovarium 
styloqne pubescens. Capsida obovoidea, 3-locularis, demum 3-valvis, 
5 cm. longa, fere 5 cm. lata, verrucosa. Se/nina saturate brunnea, nitida, 
2 '2-3 - 8 cm. lata. — A. sinensis, Hort. ex Gard. Chron. 1889, vol. v. 
p. 716, fig. 116. A. chinensis, Hort., non Bunge. A. japonica, Hort. — 
W. J. Bean. 

The Horse Chestnut here figured is a native of Japan 
which is less often met with in collections than its merits 
deserve. Where it is grown it is not infrequently con- 
fused with its Chinese congener, Aesculus chinensis, Bunge, 
and in such cases the name may be further erroneously 
transcribed. Even when the fact that it is not the tree 
described by Bunge is appreciated, the practice has 
obtained of terming it A. japonica, a name for which 
there is no authority. The nearest ally of A. turbinata, 

Jcne, 1917. 

the Japanese Horse Chestnut, is the European A. Hippo- 
castanum, Linn., itself ; from that familiar tree it is well 
distinguished by the smaller, obovate, and warted, but 
not spiny capsules, and by the finely and more evenly 
toothed edges of the leaflets. In its foliage A. turbinota 
is the noblest of all the Horse Chestnuts ; young trees at 
Kew carry leaves which, with their stalks, are sometimes 
twenty-seven inches long. One merit of this Japanese 
species is that it flowers somewhat later than the 
common Horse Chestnut. For the material from which 
our plate has been prepared we are indebted to Lieut. -Col. 
Sir George Holford. The tree from which it was gathered 
is growing close to his residence at Westonbirt, and is 
about thirty feet high, with a trunk two feet nine inches 
in girth, and a rounded crown of branches thirty feet 
across. This tree and another larger one at Westonbirt 
we believe to be the largest of their kind in the 
country. They were planted, Sir George informs us, by 
the late Mr. R. S. Holford about thirty-four years ago. 
In autumn the leaves turn clear golden yellow, then 
brown. These trees produce seeds from which young 
plants have been raised. 

Description.— Tree, at its largest 100 ft. high and 20 ft. in girth of trunk ; 
bark of old trees scaling ; winter buds very viscid ; young shoots minutely 
pubescent. Leaves 5-7-foliate, deciduous ; leaflets sessile, 4-15 in. long, 2-6 in. 
wide, the terminal leaflets more than twice the size of the basal pair ; obovate- 
cuneate, shortly acuminate, finely serrate; deep bright green and glabrous 
above, glaucescent and with axil-tufts of pale brown tomentum beneath ; 
petiole 3-16 in. long. Panicles terminal, erect, slenderly pyramidal, up to 
10 In. long by 3£ in. wide at the base ; rachis and pedicels finely pubescent. 
Flowers f in. in diameter, opening in late May. Calyx pubescent, campanulate, 
5-lobed; the lobes rounded, ciliate. Petals 4, subrotund with a narrow claw, 
reflexed, creamy-white with central-blotches of yellow which turn pink with 
age; pubescent above, ciliate. Stamens usually 7, much exserted ; filaments 
slender decurved, f in. long. Ovary and style pubescent. Fruit an obovoid, 
d-celled, leathery capsule, 2 in. in length and width, the thick 3-valved pericarp 
covered with brown warts. Seeds dark shining brown, 1-1 J in wide 

Tab 8713 —Fig. 1, part of a leaflet ; 2, flower ; 3, calyx ; 4, a petal ; 5 and 
6, anthers; 7, pistil; 8, an abortive pistil; 9, fruit; 10, seed ;~all enlarged 
except 9 and 10, which are of natural size. 



Vincent Brooks,Day&.SonU d in]p. 

L Reeve&C^London. 

Tab. 8714. 
STAUROPSIS Imthurnii. 

Solomon Islands. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Stadropsis, Benth. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 572. 

Stauropsis Imthurnii, Rolfe; species insignis, a speciebus adhnc notis foliis 
longissime arcuatis et inrlorescentiis amplissimis laxe paniculatis differt. 

Hcrba epipbytica. Caulis erectus, brevis, crassus, 3 ■ 5 cm. latus. Folia arcuata, 
crasso-coriacea, elongato-Hgulata, acuta, 7 5-10 dm. longa, 5-7 5 cm. lata, 
basi in vaginis amplexicaulibus dilatatis, imbricata. Scapus erectus, laxe 
paniculatus, circiter 1 m. altus ; ramuli 10-20 cm. longi, laxe multiflori ; 
bracteae breves, patentes, late ovatae, obtusae, 2-5-3 cm. longae ; pedicelli 
1 cm. longi. Flores modiocres, subcarnosi, 3-5-4 cm. diametro. Sepala 
et petala patentia, subspatbulato-obovata, obtusa, 1-5-2 cm. longa. 
Labellum breviter ungniculatum, carnosum, trilobum, medio saccatum, 
0-5-0 7 cm. Ion gum ; lobi laterales erecti, orbiculari-oblongi, circiter 3 m. 
longi ; lobus intermedius inflexus late oblongus, obtusus, prominenter 
carinatus. Columna lata, 0'8 cm. longa. Pollinia obovoideo-oblonga ; 
stipes late oblongus ; glandula squamiformis.— R. A. Rolfe. 

This fine Stauropsis is remarkable for its exceptional size 
and its ample lax panicle of white flowers with violet blue 
markings on the lip. A native of the Solomon Islands, 
Kew is indebted for the plant to Sir Everard im Thurn, 
who met with it in 1905 when visiting that Archipelago 
on H.M.S. " Torch," as Governor of Fiji and High Com- 
missioner of the Western Pacific. At Langa Langa, on 
the west coast of Mala (Malaita) Island, an opportunity 
was afforded of botanising in the bush. In a forest with 
many large canopy trees but little undergrowth, the plant 
figured was found on a fallen trunk on which grew a 
dense mass of other orchids with ferns and grasses; it 
bore the remains of a fairly recent flower-spike. On 
reaching Fiji it was planted on a topped tree fern under 
a " bush house " in the gardens of Government House. 
It showed no sign of a new flower-spike until May, 1908. 
This spike was under a foot long in August, 1909, when 
it began to develop more rapidly, but still showed no 

June, 1017. 

tendency to branch. In March, 1910, Fiji was ravaged 
by a violent hurricane. The Stauropsis was rescued 
from the "bush house" by Mr. D. Yeoward, Curator 
of the Fiji Botanic Station, and brought intact to 
the ruins of Government House, where it was fastened 
for safety underneath a billiard table. After the storm 
it was reinstalled on its old tree-fern stem, and during 
the next seven months its spike branched to some extent, 
and produced two rather poor flowers. In November, 
1910, it was brought from Fiji by Sir Everard, and after 
a journey across Canada was sent from Liverpool to 
Kew, where it has since thriven well in the Tropical 
Orchid House, coming once more into flower in September, 
1916. During flowering the prolonged development of 
the spike described by Sir Everard as regards 1903-10 
has been equally manifest, but during 1914-16 branching 
has been more extensive. As in 1905 the plant gave 
evidence of having flowered during 1904, it is possible 
that in S. Imthurnii we may have a species which flowers 
only at definite periods. In keeping with this suggestion 
is the fact that in October, 1910, an imperfect dried 
specimen, accompanied by a sketch of a plant of this 
Stauropsis, was received at Kew from Mr. C. M. Woodford, 
then British Resident at Tulagi, Solomon Islands! 
Mr. Woodford found his plant in August, 1910, when the 
flowering period appeared to be nearly over, on the north 
side of Ysabel Island, and has noted that he had met 
with the species once before, but that on the first occasion 
it was not in flower. 

Description-^ epiphytic; stem short, stout, erect, 1§ in. thick. 
Leaves arcuate, firmly coriaceous, elongate-ligulate, acute, 2J-4 ft. long, 

2-3 in. wide imbricate and dilated at the base into stem-clasping sheaths. 
Scape erect, laxly pamculately branched, about 3 ft. long; branches 4-« in. 
long loosely many-flowered ; bracts short, spreading, wide ovate, obtuse, 
1-1* in. long, pedicels over 1 in. long. Flowers medium-sized, somewhat 

kf ?Yt! \ U ' Wld x- Sepah and P etals ^reading, subspathulate-ovate, 
obtuse f-f m long Lip short-clawed, fleshy, 3-lobed, saccate in the middle, 
5 -„ m long ; lateral lobes erect, orbicular oblong, about £ in. long ; mid-lobe 
inflexed, wide oblong, obtuse, prominently keeled. Column broad? i in. long. 
Bothnia obovoid-oblong ; stipe wide-oblong ; gland scale-like 

Tab 8714.- Fig. 1, lip and column; 2, part of the lip, showing the sac; 
B, anther-cap; 4, pollmarium; 5, sketch of an entire plant:— all enlarged 
except 5, which is much reduced. 

8 11 5 



L Reeve &.C°London. 

Tab. 8715. 

Asia Minor. 

Campanulaceae. Tribe Campanuleae. 
Campanula, Linn. ; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 561. 

Campanula Ephesia, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. iii. p. 898 ; species pulcherriina 
affinis C. tomentosae, Vent., sed robustior, foliis floribusque duplo vel 
triplo majoribus et corolla late campanulata nee tubuloso-campanulata 

Herba perennis, ubique albo-tomentosa ; caulis 30-45 cm. longus, ad 6 mm. 
crassus, decumbens. Folia radicalia 10-21 cm. longa, lyrata, segmentis 
lateralibus decurrentibus omnibus oblongis obtusis integris vel obtuse 
dentatis inferioribus minoi-ibus, superioribus 1-2 cm. longis, 0*7-2 cm. latis 
ellipticisque obtuse dentatis, segmento terminali 2-6 cm. longo, 1 ' 5-4 ■ 5 cm: 
lato, ovato vel elliptico-ovato obtuso, obtuse dentato vel obtuse lobato 
dentatoque ; folia caulina superiora sessilia, 1*8-4 "5 cm. longa, anguste 
oblonga, lanceolata vel ovato -lanceolata, acuta, dentata. Flores secundo- 
racemosi vel secundo-paniculato-racemosi ; pedicelli 0*5-1*5 cm. longi. 
Calyx 5-lobus, appendicibus cum tubo aequilongis ; lobi 1*5-2 cm. longi, 
deltoidei, acuminati. Corolla 4-4*5 cm. longa, 3*5-4 cm. diametro, late 
campanulata, lobis 1 cm. longis latissime ovatis subacutis recurvis, intus 
glabra, extra albo-tomentosa, coerulea. Stamina alba ; filamenta basi 
latissime ovato-dilatata, ciliata. Ovarium breviter et late obconicum, 
5-loculare ; stigmata 5, revoluta, viridia. — C. tomentosa, Lam. Encyc. 
Meth. vol. i. p. 584, ex parte ; non Vent. — N. E. Brown. 

The handsome Campanula here figured is a native of 
the province of Aidin in Asia Minor, where it has been 
collected in the neighbourhood of the ruins of Ephesus 
and Priene. Its nearest ally appears to be C. tomentosa, 
Vent., a native of Greece. The Ephesian plant is, how- 
ever, of more robust habit and has larger leaves and 
flowers than the Grecian one ; the corolla in C. Ephesia, 
the subject of our plate, is from twice to thrice as wide 
as that of C. tomentosa, and is much less tubular in form. 
The introduction of this species horticulture owes to 
Sir J. N. Barran, Bart., by whom a living plant was 
brought to England from Priene, where it had been 
found by him in May, 1913. This plant was kept in a 
pot in light soil, mainly sand, with some scraps of lime- 

Jcne, 1917. 

stone on the surface and lightly watered, in a cool house 
at Sawley Hall, Ripon, until the following summer, when 
it was transferred to an open alley roofed with glass. 
Under this treatment the plant throve well, and in 1915 
it was possible to divide it, one of the plants so obtained 
being presented to Kew in February, 1916. From this 
example, which was grown at Kew in a pot of ordinary 
loam, and flowered there in a cool frame in June and 
July, 1916, the figure of C. Ephesia here given was pre- 
pared. A plant at Sawley Hall flowered synchronously 
with the example at Kew. While in flower the Kew 
plant was carefully pollinated, but failed to set any 
seeds ; soon after flowering it died. Sir John Barran 
informs us that the plant which flowered at Sawley Hall 
did the same, but in this case a few seeds were developed 
and saved. There appears to be no record of any 
previous introduction of this species to English gardens ; 
whether its permanent establishment can be effected 
seems as yet doubtful. 

Description.— Herb, perennial, uniformly white-tomentose ; stem 1-lj ft 
high, up to | in. thick, decumbent. Leaves more or less lobulate ; radical 
4-8 m. long, lyrate, with oblong obtuse entire or bluntly toothed decurrent 
lateral segments decreasing in size downwards, the upper segments i-4 in 
fong, \-i in. wide, elliptic and bluntly toothed, the terminal segment |-2± 
in. long, f-lf iq. wide, ovate or elliptic-ovate, obtuse, bluntly toothed or bluntly 
obed and toothed; upper stem leaves sessile, f-lf in. long, narrow oblong, 
lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, toothed. Flowers in secund racemes or 
panicles ; pedicels fr-f in long. Calyx 5-lobed, its appendages as long as the 
tube , lobes 1-J in. long, deltoid acuminate. Corolla lf-lf in. long, lf-14 in 
across, wide campanulate; lobes \ in. long, wide ovate, subacute? recurved,' 
glabrous within white tomentose outside, deep blue. Stamens white ; filaments 
rJll ?■ ' R dUat «;. ciliated bases. Ovary shortly broadly obconic, 

o-locular; stigmas 5, revolute, green. J ^^ 

Tab. 8715.-Fig. 1, stamen ; 2, apex of style and stigmas -.-both enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks.Day&SonLV imp- 

L Reeve &C°Londc 

Tab. 8716. 


Disanthus, Maxim. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 1005. 

Disanthua cercidifolia, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Pitersb. vol. x. p. 485 (1866) ; 
Sargent in Forest Flora of Japan, t. 15 ; Mottet in Rev. Hort. 1910, 
p. 362, fig. 148 ; Schneider, Laubholzk. vol. i. p. 425 ; Bean, Trees & Shrubs, 
vol. i. p. 499 ; species unica. 

Frutex 2-3-metralis ; rami graciles, patuli ; ramuli brunnei, glabri, lenticellati. 
Folia decidua, alterna, glaberrima, late ovata vel subrotundata, acuta vel 
obtusa, basi cordata vel truncata, margine integra, 5-nervia, 5-10 cm. 
** longa, 4-8 cm. lata, primum intense viridia auctumno exacto aurantiaco- 
kermesina ; petiolus 2 ' 5-6 cm. longus. Flores bini, sessiles, arete sedentes, 
pedunculo communi 6 mm. longo auctumno jam adulto a ramulo annotino 
gemmato sufiulti. Calyx 5-lobus ; lobi ovato-oblongi, recurvi. Petala 5, 
subulata, sordide kermesino-purpurea, 6-9 mm. longa. Stamina 5, calycis 
lobis parum breviora. Styli 2. Capsula dura, demum lignosa, obovoidea, 
2-locularis. Semina in quoque loculo plura, intense brunnea, nitida, 
3 mm. longa. — W. J. Bean. 

Disanthus is an interesting genus of the Hamameli- 
daceae, established in 1866 by Maxim owicz on the 
species now figured. So far as is known at present it is 
monotypic. From the other genera of this natural 
family, Disanthus is well dist nguished by the arrange- 
ment of the flowers, which aie sessile and set, base 
to base, on two-flowered shortly ped uncled capitula. 
D. cercidifolia is described by Sargent as being not rare 
in the Kisogawa valley in Central Hondo, covering steep 
hillsides with thickets sometimes a quarter of an acre in 
extent. It has been in cultivation about twenty years, 
but does not appear to have blossomed often. For the 
flowering twigs now figured we are indebted to Mr. H. W. 
Grigg of Cann House, near Plymouth, where, in a very 
extensive and admirably cultivated collection of choice 
trees and shrubs, a healthy plant about 6 ft. high 
flowered last October. The flowers are of a lurid, un- 

Jdne, 1917. 

attractive hue, and they have a faint, not pleasant 
odour ; but the shrub, as our plate shows, has a real 
value for the rich autumnal tints of its foliage. At Kew 
it has, in this respect, proved one of the most attractive 
of newer shrubs. It likes a sunny spot and a light loamy 
or peaty soil. In the absence of seeds it can be increased 
by layers. The leaves depicted were drawn during the 
last week of October, 1916, and show the autumnal 

Description.— Shrub, 6-10 ft. high, with slender, spreading branches ; twigs 
brown, glabrous, sprinkled with pale lenticels. Leaves deciduous, alternate, 
entire, quite glabrous, broadly ovate to roundish, cordate or truncate at the 
base, blunt or acute at the apex, 5-nerved, 2-4 in. long, nearly to quite as wide ; 
deep green in summer changing to a rich red suffused with orange in autumn ; 
petiole l-2i m. long. Flowers f in. wide, sessile, two of them set back to back 
at the summit of a peduncle J in. long and produced in October from the shoots 
01 the preceding summer. Calyx 5-lobed, the lobes ovate-oblong, recurved. 
1 etals 5, subulate, dull crimson-purple, J-f in. long. Stamens 5, scarcely as 
long as the calyx-lobes. Styles 2. Fruit a 2-celled, obovoid, ultimately woodv 
capsule i in. long. Seeds several in each cell, very dark brown, shining, 

Tab. 8716.— Fig la pair of flowers; 2, calyx in vertical section; 3 and 4, 
anthers; 5, disk-gland; 6, ovary:— all enlarged. 


M.S. del JNFit.chhtti. 

VmcontBroo'ks.Day iSoiiLl^mp 

LReeve 8,C Lh[iiJ[ih 

Tab. 8717. 
pinus tuberculata. 

Western North America. 

Coniferae. Tribe Abietineae. 
Pinus, Linn. ; Benth, et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 438. 

Pinus tuberculata, Gord. in Joum. Hort. Soc. Lond. vol. iv. p. 218 cum icon. 
(1849) et Pine. p. 211; ed. 2, p. 288; Carriere, Trait. Conif. ed. 2, 
p. 441 (1867) pro parte ; Parlatore in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars ii. p. 394 
(1868) pro parte; Engelm. in Brewer & Wats. Bot. Calif, vol. ii. p. 128 
(1880) ; Bavenscroft, Pinet. Brit. vol. i. p. 93, t. 13 et figs. 1-13 (1884) ; 
Masters in Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. xxiv. p. 786. figs. 183, 184 ; Kent in 
Veitch Man. Conif. p. 386 (1900) ; Sargent in Bot. Gaz. vol. xliv. p. 226 
(1907); Beissncr, Handb. Nadelholek. p. 270; ed. 2, p. 381 (1909); 
Clinton-Baker, III. Conif. (1910), vol. i. p. 57 cum icon. (1909) ; Elwes & 
Henry in Trees of Great Brit. & Irel. vol. v. p. 1077 (1910) ; Jepson, Silv. 
Calif, p. 102, t. 28, figs. 3, 4 (1910) ; Bean, Trees £ Shrubs, vol. ii. 
p. 193 (1914) : non D. Don ; species P. radiatae D. Don, affinis sed habitu 
et conis magis elongatis glomeratis et trunco appressis e squamarum 
umbone breviter crasse spinosis distincta. 

Arbor plerumque 6-7 m. alta, cum trunco 30 cm. crasso, rarius 25-30 m. 
altitudine attingens et tunc truncus triplo crassior ; rami e basi patenti- 
adscendentes comam late pyramidalem aetate depressam depauperatam 
formantes ; cortex primo laevis, brunneus, aetate nigrescens et irregulariter 
in squamas amplas solutus. Gemmae hibernantes cylindricae, 2-2 "5 cm. 
longae, 6 mm. diametro, castaneae vel purpurascentes, resinosae, squamis 
praeter infimas arete adpressis lanceolatis subulato-acuminatis copiose 
longiuscule fimbriatis. Folia terna, fasciculata, fasciculis basi squamis 
vaginantibus hyalino-scariosis primo brunnescentibus demum fuscescentibus 
vel griseis circumdatis, acicularia, subpungentia, 8-18 cm. longa, 1 ' 5 mm. 
lata, ad margines tenuissime serrulata, rigida, pallide vel obscure viridia, 
dorso convexa, facie sicca inter margines et costam sulcata. Strobili 
masculi cylindrici, circiter 1*5 cm. longi, 4 mm. diametro, castanei. 
Strobili foeminei 2-4 in fasciculos congesti, sub anthesi ovoideo- vel 
ellipsoideo-globosi, 1"2-1'5 cm. longi. Carpella rotundato-ovata, quam 
squamae ovuliferae jam sub anthesi niulto breviora ; squamulae ovuliferae 
late ovatae, superne incrassatae et abrupte spinuloso-acuminatae. Coni 
deflexi et saepe ramo arete appressi, ambitu oblique elongato-ovati vel 
ovato-oblongi, 7*5-15 cm. longi, 5-6 em. diametro, castanei; squamae 
maturae spatulato-cuneatae, arctissime contiguae, lignosae, intermediae 
dorsales 4 5-5 cm. longae, superne ad 1-2 cm. latae, ventrales multo 
minores ; hypophyse rhombica transverse tenuiter carinata, umbone e basi 
lata crassa breviter incurvo-spinosa. Semina obovoidea, 6 mm. longa, 
nigrescentia, ala late lineari-oblonga, apice obliqua, 2-2 • 25 cm. longa, 
6-8 mm. lata, albida vel brunnescente striis striolisque rufescentibus 
notata. — P. californica, Hartweg in Journ. Hort. Soc. London, vol. ii. p. 189 
July, 1917. 

(1847) • non Hook, et Arn. P. attenuate Lemmon in Mining & Scientific 
Press "Jan. 16, 1862; in Garden & Forest, vol v p. 65 and m Egthea, 
vol. i. p. 231 ; Sargent, Silva N. Am. vol. xi. p. 107 (1897).-0. Staff. 

The Pine here figured is the Knob-Cone Pine of 
western North America which extends from the valley ot 
the Mackenzie River in Oregon to the southern slopes ot 
the San Bernardino Mountains in California. It occurs 
in somewhat isolated localities, often in fairly lofty and 
exposed situations, where its smaller size and inferior 
appearance have given rise to the alternative name ot 
Scrub Pine. A remarkable feature of the species in all 
its localities is the indefinite persistence of its tightly 
closed cones. Jepson records a limb, five and a half feet 
long, secured by him in the Santa Lucia Mountains, 
California, bearing forty-five cones; in the Museum at 
Kew is preserved a portion of a branch, four feet long, 
from a tree grown at Bayfordbury, which carries more 
than forty cones. The seeds thus imprisoned by the 
scales retain their vitality for many years, and it has 
been said that cones never discharge their seeds until the 
tree, or a least the branch on which they are borne, dies. 
This is not always the case, for after some successive 
days of great heat cones that are four or five years old 
may open and allow their seeds to fall. Ordinarily 
however, the cones remain unopened until subjected to 
the heat resulting from a forest-fire, when the scales 
come apart and the seeds thus liberated afforest the 
devastated area. When first discovered by Hartweg 
in 1847 in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California, the 
Knob-Cone Pine was mistaken for that form of the 
Monterey Pine, P. racliata, D. Don, to which Don had 
given the name P. tuberculoid, and when Gordon drew 
up his account of this tree his description included along 
with it the tree which Don had named P. tuberculata. 
Lemmon, who first set matters right, proposed the name 
P. attentuata for Hartweg's tree ; most authors, however, 
have preferred to accept the transfer of the name 
P. tuberculata to the Knob-Cone Pine. The material for 
our plate was provided by a tree in the Pinetum at Kew, 
one of a pair planted by Sir J. D. Hooker some forty years 
ago ; though quite healthy and perfectly hardy these are 

now only about twenty-five feet high. From what has 
been said above it would appear to be necessary, if seed 
for propagation is to be obtained from cultivated trees, to 
expose the ripe cones for a short time to considerable heat. 

Description. — Tree, usually 20-25 ffe. high, with a trunk 1 ft. in diameter, 
occasionally reaching 80-100 ft. in height and with a trunk twice aa thick ; 
branches somewhat spreading to form a broadly pyramidal crown which 
becomes thinner and flatter with age ; bark at first smooth and brown, with 
age blackish and peeling in broad flakes. Winter-buds cylindric, -|— 1 in. long, 
i in. across, chestnut-brown or purplish, 'resinous ; bud-scales with the 
exception of the lowest closely appressed, lanceolate, subulate-tipped, rather 
deeply and freely fimbriate. Leaves in clusters of threes, encircled at the base 
by hyaline- scar ious sheathing scales which are at first brownish but ultimately 
tawny or grey ; individual leaves acicular, almost pungent, 3-7 in. long, -^ in. 
wide, with very finely serrulate edges, rigid, pale or dull green, convex on the 
back, furrowed when dry between the midrib and margins along the face. 
Male cones cylindric, about f , in. long, £ in. wide, chestnut-brown. Female 
cones aggregated in clusters of 2-4, in flower ovoid- or ellipsoid-globose, 4-f in. 
long. Carpels rounded-ovate, even in flower much shorter than the ovuliferous 
scales, which are wide ovate, thickened upwards and abruptly spinulose at the 
tip. Cones when ripe deflexed and often closely appressed to the branches, in 
outline obliquely elongate-ovate or ovate-oblong, 3-6 in. long, 1-2| in. thick, 
chestnut brown; ripe scales spathulate-cuneate, very close-set, woody, the 
central on the outer face of the cone lf-2 in. long, ^ in. wide near the top, those 
on the inner face of the cone much smaller ; hypophysis rhombic with a fine 
transverse keel ; umbo shortly incurved, spinescent from a broad base. Seeds 
obovoid, i in. long, blackish, broadly winged ; wing oblique at the apex, f-1 in. 
long, i-A in. wide, white or brownish, marked with thicker and finer reddish 

Tab. 8717. — Fig. 1, portion of a leaf ; 2, young male inflorescence ; 3, young 
male cone; 4, male flower; 5, portion of tardily dehiscent female cone; 6 and 7, 
seed : — all enlarged, except 2 and 6, which are of natural size. 



M.S deUNFilcililh 

Vincent Brooks, Day JfeSonLt imp. 

L. Reeve &. C°London. 

Tab. 8718. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM platycheilum. 


Okchidaceae. Tribe Vandeab. 
Odontoglossum, H. B. et K. ; Bentli. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 561. 

Odontoglossum platycheilum, Weathers in Gard. Chron. 1892, vol. xi. 
p. 587, fig. 35 ; Rolfe, I.e. vol. xii. p. 35, et in Orch. Rev. 1906, pp. 61, 95, 
327 ; species distinctissima, ab 0. maxillare, Lindl., sepalis petalisque 
aequalibus, labello amplissimo et rubro-maculato differt. 

Herba epiphytica, rhizomate subscandente ; pseudobulbi anguste ovoideo- 
oblongi, 5-7 cm. longi, apice monophylli, basi vaginis amplis obtecti. 
Folia ligulata, subobtusa, subcoriacea, basi attenuata, 15-28 cm. longa, 
2-3 cm. lata. Scapi axillares, erecti, 10-14 cm. longi, pauciflori, basi vaginis 
paucis obtecti ; bracteae ovatae, subacutae, circiter 1 em. longae ; pedieelli 
3-4 cm. longi, triquetri. Flores speciosi, rosei, labello rubro-maculato. 
Sepala oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, dorso carinata, 2-2 ' 5 cm. longa. Petala 
oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, 2-2*5 cm. longa. Labellum unguiculatum, late 
ovatum, obtusum, 3-3 ■ 5 cm. diametro, margine repando, basi crista biloba 
instrueta. Columna clavata, 1*6 cm. longa, alis angustissimis. — Odonto- 
glossum sp., Hemsl. Biol. Centr. Amer., Bot., vol. iii. p. 278. — K. A. Bolfe. 

The handsome Odontoglossum here figured is a native 
of Guatemala, originally described as 0. platycheilum 
from a solitary plant which had flowered in March, 1892, 
in the collection of Mr. R. I. Measures of Camberwell. 
The county of origin of that example was then unknown ; 
all that was known regarding it was that it had been 
acquired along with some other orchids when the 
Downside collection was dispersed. More than a decade 
later a specimen of the same species were received at 
Kew in a collection of dried plants communicated by 
Mr. J. Donnell Smith. This specimen had been gathered 
by Heyde and Lux in April, 1892, at an elevation of 
8,800 feet, at Chiul in the department of Quiche, 
Guatemala; it is now known that a fruiting specimen 
collected by Bernoulli in Guatemala in May, 1860, belongs 
to the same species. In 1905 Messrs. Sander and 
Sons, St. Albans, were able to make an importation of 
this Odontoglossum, which since then has flowered fre- 

July, 1917. 

quently in various collections. The material for our 
figure has been derived from a plant purchased from 
Messrs. Sander, which has thriven well under the con- 
ditions suitable for 0. crispum and has flowered annually 
in May. In the genus, 0. platycheilum is very distinct 
and indeed somewhat aberrant; its nearest ally is 
0. maxillare, Lindl., a species figured at t. 6144 of this 

Description. — Herb, epiphytic; rootstock almost scandent ; pseudobulbs 
narrowly ovoid-oblong, 2-2f in. long, 1-foliate, clothed below with large sheaths. 
Leaves ligulate, rather blunt, firm, narrowed to the base, 6-11 in. long, \-\\ in. 
wide. Scapes axillary, erect, 4-5J in. long, few-flowered, with a few basal 
sheaths; bracts ovate, subacute, about f in. long; pedicels 1J— If in. long, 
3-quetrous. Flowers showy, rose-coloured, the lip blotched with carmine. 
Sepals oblong-lanceolate, acute, keeled on the back, f-1 in. long. Petals 
oblong-lanceolate, acute, f-1 in. long. Lip clawed, wide ovate, obtuse, V^-l\ 
in. across, margin repand, crested at the base, crest 2-lobed. Column clavate, 
| in. long, narrowly winged. 

Tab. 8718.— Fig. 1, base of the lip, showing the crests; 2, column; 
3, polhnarium ; 4, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 

81 J 9 


Vincent. Brooks ,D ay & S onL^imp- 

L ondon 

Tab. 8719. 
OREOCHARIS Forrestii. 


Gesneriaceae. Tribe Cyrtandreae. 
Oreocharis, Benth. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1021. 

Oreocharis Forrestii, Slan ; species 0. Delavayi, Franch. affinis, sed foliis 
sessilibus velbrevius petiolatis, corollae tubo breviore et latiore, filamentis 
oinnino glabns, stigmate patelliforme haud 2-lobo differt. 

Herba perennis, acaulescens, radice fibrosa. Folia rosulata, exteriora petiolata, 
mtenora sessdia, ovato-oblonga, apice obtusa, basi subcuneata, irregulariter 
grosse crenato-serrata, cum petiolo lato 4-14 cm. longa, 1-5-4 -5 cm lata 
utrmque praesertim primum longe denseque ferrugineo-villosa ; 'nervi 
prnnam 5-7, crassi, subtus prominentes. Scapi 4-10 vel plures, erecti vel 
adscendentes, 6-12 cm. alti, glanduloso-pilosi, cymas laxas umbelliformes 
4-7-floras gerentes; pedicelli 1-2-5 cm. longi, glanduloso-pilosi ; bracteae 
et bracteolae anguste ovatae vel lanceolatae, 1-5-7 mm. longae. Florea 
subpenduh. Calyx 5-partitus, 5-8 mm. longus, parce glanduloso-pilosus ; 
segmenta anguste ovata vel lanceolata, 4-7 mm. longa, 1-5-3 mm. lata 
obtusa vel subacute. Corolla pallide lutea ; tubus late tubulosus, 7-10 mm. 
longus, 5-7, mm. latus, glanduloso-puberulus ; limbus leviter 2dabiatus, 
saepissime 5-lobatus, rarius 4- vel 6-lobatus, erecto-patens ; lobi rotundati 
vel subeluptic], 3-5 mm. longi, 3-4 mm. lati, superiores caeteris paulum 
mmores Stamina 4, didynama cum staminodio minuto vel minutissimo, 
rare o absque staminodio, omnia incluea ; filamenta prope basin corollae 
tubi mserta, leviter dilatata, 4-5 mm. longa, glabra ; antberae liberae haud 
conniventes, ovoideo-reniformes, loculis subparallelis apice vix confluen- 
tibus. Discus late cupularis, 1 • 5 mm. altus. Ovarium anguste ovoideum, 
rf-4 mm. longum, 2 mm. latum, glabrum ; stylus brevis latusque, stamina 
breviora vix superans, stigmate patelliforme. Capsula anguste fusiformis, 
circiter 2-fi I cm. longa, 4 mm. lata.— Roettlcra Forrestii, Diels in Notes 
±toy Bofe. Gard. Edinb. vol. v. p. 224; [Irving] in Gard. Chron. 1915, 
vol. lvm. p. 265, fig. 97 (Rottlera).—S. A. Skan. 

tvt ^n 8 free ~ flowerin g little Gesnerad was discovered by 
Mr. George Forrest on the eastern flank of the Lichiansr 
Range in North-Western Yunnan. The plant was met 
with on mess-covered boulders and on branches of trees 
in very shady situations at an elevation of from 10,000 to 
11,000 feet. Mr. Forrest sent seeds to Messrs. Bees, Ltd., 
irom whom some were received at Kew in 1913. One of 
the plants raised from these, which flowered in a cold 
house in May, 1915, furnished the material for the accom- 
panying figure. At Edinburgh it has been in cultivation 
since 1909 and there it flowers freely. It is not yet clear 

July, 1917. 

whether the species be hardy at Kew, but it may survive 
a mild winter out of doors if protected from excessive 
moisture. In habit it much resembles Ramondia pyreinaica, 
Rich. Though originally described as a Roettlera, in 
which some authorities merge the genera Didymocarpus 
and Chirita, the structure of the flower indicates its true 
position as a species of the closely allied genus Oreocharis. 
The salient character by which Oreocharis may be 
distinguished from Didymocarpus, Chirita and Didissandra 
is in the four fertile stamens, the anthers of which are 
not coherent or even connivent. Dr. Diels described 
Roettlera Forrestii as having two fertile stamens with 
staminodes, the number of which is not stated. What 
were regarded as staminodes were fertile stamens from 
which the anthers had fallen, the real staminode. a very 
small minute body, being overlooked. Through the 
kindness of Professor Bayley Balfour it has been possible 
to compare and identify the Kew plant with the excellent 
specimens of Roetth ra Forrestii collected by Mr. Forrest 
and now preserved in the Herbarium of the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. The genus Oreocharis now 
includes about tu enty species, all of which, excepting 
0. notha, C. B. Clarke, from the Philippine Islands, and 
O.primulvide*, Benth. & Hook, t, from Japan, are Chinese. 

Description. — Herb, perennial, stemless ; root fibrous. Leaves rosulate, 
the outer stalked, the inner sessile, ovate-oblong, obtuse, base rather cuneate, 
coarsely irregularly crenate-serrate, including the broad petiole 1J-5J in. long. 
3 * in l ^ lde ' den sel.y clothed especially at first with long rusty hairs, main- 
nerves 5-7, stout, raised beneath. Scapes 4-10 or more, erect or ascending, 

v ] n \ t ■ 8 ' g andular - hair yi bearing loose umbelliform 4-7-flowered cymes; 
pedicels -g-1 in. long, glandular-hairy ; bracts and bracteoles narrowly ovate or 
lanceolate, \ in. long or less. Flowers somewhat pendulous. Calyx 5-partite, 
j 3 in. long, sparingly glandular-hairy ; lobes narrow ovate or lanceolate, \-\ 
in. long ,1 in. wide or narrower, obtuse or subacute. Corolla pale yellow ; tube 
wide cyhndnc, J-l in long, i-i in. wide, glandular-hairy; limb slightly 
J-lipped, usually 5-lobed, rarely 4- or 6-lobed, slightly spreading ; lobes rounded 
or somewhat elliptic, ]H in. long, -i-i in. wide, the upper rather smaller than 
the others. Stamens 4, didynamous, rarely 5, included ; staminode minute or 
absent ; filaments inserted near base of corolla-tube, slightly dilated, *-* in. long, 
glabrous; anthers free, not connivent, ovoid-reniform, cells nearly parallel, 
hardly confluent at the tip. Disk wide cup-shaped, very small. Ovary narrow 
ovoid, J - 6 in. long, glabrous; style short and broad, hardly longer than the 
stamens; stigma patelliform. Capsule narrow fusiform, about 1 in. long, 
f in. wide. 

Tab 8719 —Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, corolla, laid open ; 3 and 4, stamens; 
o, pistil and disk; 6, transverse section of ovary; 7, fruit, drawn from the 
original type :— all enlarged except 7, which is of natural size. 


Tab. 8720. 


Sinofranchetia, Hemsl. 

Sinofranchetia chinensis, Hemsl. in Hoolc. Ic. PI. t. 2842 ; species unica. 

Frutex alte scandens, glaber, caule volubili laevi primo pruinoso, ramis floriferis 
brevibus arete foliatis. Folia decidua, petiolo basin dilatatam versus 
canaliculate- 15-16 cm. longo suffulta, 3-foliolata; foliolum intermedium 
obovatum, basi late cuneatum, apice breviter acuminatum, 9-12 cm. 
longum, 7-10 cm. latum, petiolulo 1-3 cm. longo insidens ; lateralis 
similia nisi minora, magis minusve obliqua et basi rotundata, breviter 
petiolulata; omnia chartacea, supra viridia, infra pallida. Bacemi 
axillares, penduli, ad 30 cm. longi, ad 6-10 cm. nudi, ebracteati ; pedicelli 
1-2 mm. longi. Sepala 6, obovata, maris 2 mm., foeminei 25 mm. longa. 
Petala 6, carnosa, subobcordata, 0*75 mm. longa. Stamina 6; maris 
filamenta linearia, carnosula, petala vix superantia. in urceolam con- 
niventia ; antherae supra os urceolae arcuatae, late oblongae, connectivo 
haud producto : foeminei effoeta, quam petala minora graciliora. Pistilla 
3, in flore maris effoeta, minuta, in flore foemineo petala paulo superantia, 
elliptico- vel obovato-oblonga, ad 2 mm. longa stigmate sessili ; ovula 
•circiter 20, biseriata. Carpella matura baccata, ellipsoidea, ad 2 cm. 
longa, ad 1-5 cm. diametro, lilacina. Semina compressa, ambitu subellip 
tica, 4-5 mm. longa ; testa nigricans.— Bean in Kew Bull. 1909, p. 355 
Schneider, 111. Handb. Laubholzk. vol. ii. p. 912, fig. 572 ; Render et E. H 
Wils. in Sargent, Plant. Wilson, vol. i. p. 349. Parvaha chinensis, Franch 
in Journ. Bot. vol. viii.p. 281. Holboellia cuneata, Oliv. in Hook. Ic. PI 
t 1817 (fructus). H. chinensis, Diels in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 343 ; 
Beaubourg in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, vol. liii. p. 455, fig. 4 (folii anatomia). 
— O. Staff. 

The genus Sinofranchetia is a member of the Lardiza- 
balaceae, a group of forms treated in the Genera 
Plantarum as a distinct tribe of the natural order 
Berberidaceae, but regarded in the Naturlichen Pflanzen- 
familien as a distinct family. The solitary species, 
S. chinensis, is a vigorous climber with inconspicuous 
flowers, but with showy and striking lavender-purple 
fruits, which appears to be common at altitudes of 5,000- 
9,000 feet in western Hupeh and Szechuan. Its botanical 
history has been somewhat confused. In 1889 the late 
Professor Oliver based a new Holboellia, H. cuneata, on 
male and female specimens obtained by Mr. A. Henry in 
Hupeh, pointing out, however, certain differences, besides 
that of sex, in the two components of the species. The 

July, 1917. 

late Mr. Franchet in 1894 described as Parvatia chinmsis 
a species collected by Farges in Szechuan. In this 
Parvatia Professor Diels recognised the female portion of 
Holboellia cuntata, Oliv., so distinct from the male portion 
as to belong to a different subgenus of Holboellia. To 
this subgenus, which Diels had termed Sinofranchetia, 
the rank of a genus was accorded by Dr. Hemsley in 
1909. It has now been discovered that the male portion 
of Holboellia cuneata, Oliv., is also better considered as 
belonging to a distinct genus, a female of which has been 
met with in western Hupeh by Mr. E. H. Wilson. This 
new genus is now known as Sargentodoxa, Render & E. H. 
Wilson, also a member of the Lardizabalaceae. The 
material for our figure of Sinofranchetia chinensis has been 
derived from the collection of Miss E. A. Willmott, 
Warley Place, by whom fruiting sprays were communi- 
cated in November, 1915, specimens with male flowers 
being sent in June, 1916. At Warley Place Sinofranchetia 
was raised from seed in a cold frame, and in the second 
year was planted against a pergola in a north-east 
position. A year later flowers appeared and fruit ripened. 
It has proved perfectly hardy and has been unscathed 
by the severe winter of 1916-17. It is not fastidious as 
regards either soil or position, it calls for no special 
treatment, and may be propagated by seed. 

Description.— Shrub, wide climbing, glabrous in all its parts ; stem twining, 
smooth, at first prumose ; flowering twigs short, closely leafy. Leaves 
deciduous, pinnately 3-foliolate, long-petioled ; terminal leaflet obovate, shortly 
acuminate, base wide cuneate, 31-4* in. long, 3-4 in. wide, petiolule 
£-l 2 in. long ; lateral leaflets similar but smaller, more or less oblique at the 
base and rounded on the outer side, shortly petiolulate ; all papery, green 
above and paler beneath ; common petiole 6-7 in. long, channelled above 
towards the dilated base. Racemes axillary, pendulous, up to 12 in. W the 
naked base 2*-4 in long ebracteate ; pedicels very short. Sepals 6, obovate, 
those of the male £. of the female & in. long. Petals 6, fleshy, somewhat 
obcordate, very short. Stamens 6, those of the male with linear, rather fleshy 
filaments barely longer than the petals, connivent in a cup; the anthers arched 
above the mouth of the cup, wide oblong ; those of the female sterile, more 
slender smaller than the petals. Pistils 3, those of the male sterile, minute : 
those of the female rather longer than the petals, elliptic or obovate-oblong, 
about T V m. long; stigma sessile ; ovules about 20, 2-seriate. Carpels when 
ripe berry-like, ellipsoid, up to f in. long, about | in. wide, lilac. Seeds com- 
pressed, nearly elliptic m outline, J-J in. long; testa blackish. 

Tab. 8720.-Fig. 1, male flower; 2, vertical section of the same; 3, female 
? US'. ' ™ dl 7 ment f^ stamens and pistils; 5, pistil; 6, section of fruit; 
7, seed :— all enlarged except 6, which is of natural size. 



Vinceni Brooks.D ay ScSonLl^rmp 


Tab. 8721. 



Ericaceae. Tribe Khodoreae. 
Ehododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. il. p. 599. 

Rhododendron CufFeanum, Craib MSS. ; species B. Dalhousiae, Hook, f., 
valde affinis sed calycis lobis extra lepidotis pilis longis debilibus ciliatis 

Frutex laxe ramosus ; caulis basi tumidns ; ramuli annotini pallide cinerei, 
squamis peltatis sessilibus brunneis notati, vetustiores pallide brunnei, 
vestigiis squamarum delapsarum arete notati. Fplia pauca, laxa, 
sempervirentia, oblanceolata, apice obtusa, sensim et breviter acuminata, 
basi subacuto attenuata, usque ad 10 cm. longa et 3 cm. lata, coriacea, 
supra primum parce squamoso-glandulosa, demum glabra et conspicue 
reticulata, infra pallidiora, densiuscule squamoso-glandulosa, squamis 
brunneis inaequalibus parvis circiter 0"5 mm. distantibus ; costa media 
supra impressa, infra prominula ; nervi laterales utrinsecus 6-7, graciles, 
flexuosi, utrinque prominuli ; petioli circiter 1 ■ 3 cm. longi, compressi, 
utrinque dense lepidoti. Flores in umbellam terminalem circiter 5-florem 
dispositi; pedicelli 1-1*5 cm. longi, dense lepidoti, circiter 1*5 mm. crassi, 
Calyx foliaceus, fere 1 cm. longus, inaequaliter 5-lobatus, lobis duobus 
inferioribus majoribus oblongis vel oblongo-rotundatis apice rotundatis 
pilis debilibus pgucis ciliatis extra lepidotis. Corolla tubuloso-cam- 
panulata, 6*5 cm. longa, alba, intuB dorso ochracea ; tubus 3*5 cm. longus, 
supra basin circiter 2 cm. diametro, extra molliter pubescens ; lobi 5, 
rotundati, basi 3 cm. lati, extra parce lepidoti. Stamina 10, exserta, 
inaequaka, longiora corollae tubo paullo breviora ; filamenta basin versus 
molliter villoso-pubescentia ; antherae brunneae, 6 mm. longae. Ovarium 
5-loculare, fere 1 cm. longum, dense lepidotum; stylus corolla longior, 
basin versus parce lepidotus, stigmate capitato atro-brunneo coronatus. — 
J. Hutchinson. . 

This handsome Rhododendron was originally met with 
by Lady Wheeler Cuffe, to whom it is dedicated, on 
Sindaung, or " Elephant Hill," a great outlying mass, 
whose summit is 6,000 feet above sea-level, on the edge 
of the Shan plateau in Upper Burma. R. Cuffeanum is 
closely related to R. Dal/wusieae, Hook, f., a species 
which extends from Sikkim through Bhutan to Manipur, 
but differs from that species in having its calyx-lobes 
lepidote outside and fringed with long weak hairs. It 
is more remotely allied to R. Nuttallii, Booth, from 
Bhutan, and to R. crassum, Eranch., from Yunnan, both 
of which have calyx-lobes that are neither lepidote nor 

August, 1917. 

fringed with hairs. Young plants of this and some other 
species from Sindaung were presented by Lady Wheeler 
Cufie in August, 1913, to the Royal Botanic Gardens, 
Glasnevin. From one of these, which flowered in May, 
1915, came the material on which our figure is based. 
Sir Frederick Moore, to whom we are also indebted for 
a photograph from which the sketch of the entire plant 
has been prepared, informs us that in some of the 
examples the basal swellings are much larger than in 
the one figured. The establishment of the plants proved 
slow, but after twelve months in moist heat in shade it 
was possible* to remove them to a cool orchid house 
where in a deep shade they thrive well A year later 
they were transferred to a cool greenhouse, with a night 
temperature of 45° F., and with ample ventilation. Here 
they have flowered and by their behaviour afford hope 
that they may even be hardy out of doors in the milder 
parts of the United Kingdom. They have been grown 
in ordinary heavy peat, and when once they are well 
established their cultivation offers no difficulty. One of 
the distinguishing features of B. Cuffeanum is its 

Description.-^™*, loosely branched; stem swollen at the base; new 

Wllftf^Sf 11 br °7 n Sessile P eltate SCi ^s; older pale-brown, 
2rt Wltb tbe traces ° f fal len scales. Leaves few, widely scattered, 
^o3w ^ nc ? olate ' g^dually and shortly acuminate to an obtuse tip, base 
sZuSv l&t % narrowed up to 4 in. l ong , 1| in . wide) coriaceous , U first 
Zvi7 it I 7 epi l 0t , e ab T' at length 8 labrous and distinctly reticulately 
uneon.1 t rf P /^ de ? sel y S^dular-lepidote, the scales small, brown, 
la3 Lrvpffi 7^1 dlSCret t 5 ^ ld - r i b SUnk above ' sli S h % raised beneath 
zmtel? ™LV k f g . ^ Slde ' 8lender ' fl <™< Blightly raised on both 
termS S&S^V*, m ' lon ^ c ° m P ressed ' clos *ly lepidote. Flowers in 
leSf ™! T h t S ? h ,° ni f flowered ; Pedicels ]-| in. long, closely 
the tSest oh oL? y ' &h A U A Kf- l0 ^ g ' ™1™% Globed, the two lower lobe's 
haLs 8 rni 7 1 1 rounded - oblon f' ^ d ote outside and with a fringe of weak 
Jt.SS, tubular. carnpa ate> 2 , in> l 0ng)Whit vith yel f owblotoh 

softlv Silt \ -^ *"*» H ui. Ion,, about | in. wide above the base, 

snarmlflpni^L S '' ^n * r ° Unded ' about * in - ™ d * «»* the base, 

kS £' K Stamens 10, exserted, unequal, the longest rather shorter 

i rt £^ ; i a T U i. S !° ftly Vill ° ua near tbe ba ^ others brown, 
thanthTLo^^ y ^M' ab J mt * in " lon g' ^nsely lepidote ; style longer 
capLte stigma?' ^^ Pld ° t6 ^ the baSe ' Cro ™ ed b ? the d ark-brown 

3 Ic^'JI^TI^'- 1 :^^ °i leaf ' seen from above 5 2, calyx and pistil; 
7' sketch STn tbe P 1Stl V 4 / nd 5 / stamens J 6 > transverse section of the ovary; 
/, sketch of an entire plant :-all enlarged except 7, which u much reduced. 



Vincent Brooks. D ay & SonU imp 

L .Reeve «. C° London. 

Tab. 8722. 



Berberidaceae. Tribe Berberideae. 
Berberis, Linn. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 43. 

Berberis aggregata, C. K. Schneider in Bull. Herb. Boiss, ser. 2, vol. viii. 
p. 203 ; et in Sargent, PI. Wilson, vol. i. p. 375 ; paniculis valde contractis, 
floribus dense aggregatis distincta. 

Frutex 1"2-1*6 m. altus. Bamuli minute puberuli, juniores angulati, sulcati, 
brunnei, vetustiores fusco-cinerei, subangulati. Spinae 3-fidae, graciles, 
flavo-brunneae, ad 1'3 cm. longae. Folia 4-15-fasciculata, obovato- 
oblonga vel oblanceolata, in petiolum brevissimum cuneatim angustata, 
apice plus minusve rotundata, brevitcr mucronata, 8-1 -8 cm. longa, 
3 - 5-7 mm. lata, subcoriacea, spinuloso-dentata, utrinque subtus manifestius 
anguste reticulata, subtus pallida. Racemi valde contracti floribus pseudo- 
glomeratis ; pedicelli 2 mm. longi, apice valde expansi ; bracteae e basi ovata 
subulatae, pedicellis sublongiores. Sepala elliptica, valde concava, 3 ' 5 mm. 
longa, 2 • 5 mm. lata. Petala obovata, anguste emarginata, superne fimbriata, 
3 '5-3 "75 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata, 3-nervia, glandulis discretis elliptico- 
oblongis 0-6-0-7 mm. longis 0-6 mm. supra basin petalorum sitis. 
Stamina 2-2 '2 mm. longa, connectivo ultra thecas - 2 mm. producto. 
Pistillum 2 mm. longum ; ovula 2. Baccae subglobosae, circiter 7 mm. 
diametro; stylus in fructu distinctus, stigmate excluso 0.5 mm. longus. — 
T. A. Sprague. 

The very distinct Berberis here figured is a native of 
Western China. It was originally described by Dr. C. K. 
Schneider as B. aggregata from a flowering specimen 
collected by Potanin in Eastern Kansu with which he 
associated a fruiting specimen gathered by E. H. Wilson 
in Szechuan. It was at first placed by its author in the 
section Sinenses next to B. Wilsonae, Hemsl. Subse- 
quently, however, the opportunity of studying further 
material obtained by Wilson in Szechuan, induced its 
author to transfer B. aggregata, on account of its 
inflorescence, to the section Polyanthae. The material 
for our plate has been obtained from a plant raised at 
Kew in 1911, from seed purchased from the Arnold 
Arboretum which had been collected by Mr. Wilson in 
October, 1910, in the Min Valley, Western Szechuan. As 

August, 1917. 

an addition to outdoor collections B. aggregata possesses 
the merit of being ornamental both when in flower and 
when in fruit, but more especially in the latter condition. 
It is evidently perfectly hardy, thriviDg well in a sunny 
spot planted in a loamy soil ; its abundant seed renders 
its propagation easy. 

Description.— Shrub, 4-5^ ft. high ; young twigs finely puberulous, angular, 
Bjilcate, brown; older branches tawny-grey, faintly angled. Spines 3-fid, 
Blender, brownish yellow, about J in. long. Leaves in clusters of 4-15, obovate- 
oblong or lanceolate, cuneately narrowed to a very short petiole, more or less 
rounded at the tip, shortly mucronate, J-f in. long, i-f- in. wide, somewhat 
coriaceous, spmu ose-toothed, dark green above, pale beneath, closely reticulate 
on both surfaces but more distinctly beneath. Racemes much congested with 
W+l° W T 5 1 am ? 8t g lomerulate ; Pedicels A in. long, thickened It the tip; 
bracts subulate from an ovate base, rather longer than the pedicels. Sepals 

I nXLT ery fi TT e ' * in * long ' ™ in - wide - Petals obovate > sli g htl y 

2 5E M ' fi ™ b + r . late ul u P wa ^, about I in. long, ^ in. wide, 3 -nerved, with 
\tn!»~ \ ? tw-oblong glands situated slightly above the base within. 
i7'Z about xV m. long, with the connective slightly produced. Pistil 
rt m. long , ovules 2. Berry subglobose, about § in. across ; style distinct. 

eiJargJd 22 '^ 18 ' *' & le&f J 2 ' fl ° Wer; 3 ' a P etal ' 4 ' stamen > 5 > pistil ;— aZZ 



Vincent Brooks. Day&SonlA he 

L Reeve feC?Lond«i. 

Tab. 8723. 
BULBOPHYLLUM lilacinum. 

Malay Peninsula and Siam. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Bulbophyllum, Thouars ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 501. 

Bulbophyllum lilasinum, Bidl. in Jotirn. Linn. Sac. vol. xxxii. p. 276, et 
Mater. Fl. Malay Penins. vol. i. p. 71 ; Orch. Eev. 1908, p. 363 ; affinis 
B. Carey ano, Spreng., sed floribus lilacinis purpureo-maculatis longe 

Herba epiphytica ; rhizoma repens, validulum, lignosum ; pseudobulbi sub- 
approximati, ovoidei vel interdum oblongi, 2*5-5 cm. longi, basi vaginis 
membranaceis obtecti, monophylli. Folia subpetiolata, oblonga, sub- 
obtusa, crassiuscula, 12-20 cm. longa, 2 "5-4 cm. lata. Scapi arcuati, 
15-20 cm. longi, basi vaginis spathaceis subimbricatis obtecti; racemi 
cylindracei, densinori ; bracteae ovato-lanceolatae, acutae vel acuminatae, 
3-5 mm. longae. Flores mediocres, lilacini, purpureo-maculati. Sepalum 
posticum elliptico-ovatum, apice aoutum et recurvum, 0"6 cm. longum ; 
Bepala lateralia connata, ovata, acuta, concava, 0"9 cm. longa. Petala 
ovata, acuminata, 2 mm. longa. Labellum unguiculatnm, elliptico- 
oblongum, obtusum, crassiusculum, 3 '5 mm. longum, disco tenuiter 
bicarinato, auriculis falcato-ovatis -et subobtusis. Columna lata, 2 mm. 
longa, dentibus subulatis. — Bulbophyllum Carey anum roseum, Orch. Rev. 
1904, p. 328.— R. A. Rolfe. 

The distinct and attractive Bulbophyllum here figured 
is one that has long been in cultivation. At Kew when 
grown in a teak-basket under tropical conditions it is 
easy to manage and rarely fails to flower freely. It was 
long believed to be a variety of B. Careyanum, Spreng., 
and in many collections has been grown as B. Careyanum 
roseum. It was first recognised as a distinct species in 
1896 by Mr. H. N. Ridley, and was originally described 
by him from material collected by himself on Kedah 
Peak in the Malay Peninsula and by Mr. C. Curtis in 
southern Siam. When naming it B. lilacinum Mr. Ridley 
indicated its affinity to B. Pechei, Bull, a native of 
Moulmein, figured at t. 7286 of this work. These two 
species differ in the colour of their flowers; both are 
equally closely related to B. Careyanum. The date of 

Augcst, 1917. 

its original introduction is uncertain. It seems to have 
been added to the collection of the late Sir Trevor 
Lawrence, Burford, Dorking, in or before 1898 ; in 
November of that year it was submitted by him to Kew 
for identification, with a note that it has been bought 
from the collection of the Hon. Walter Eothschild 
at Tring, but that its native habitat was unknown. 
This plant, which flowers regularly each autumn, was pre- 
sented to the Kew collection by the late Lady Lawrence ; 
our plate was prepared from it when in flower in 
November, 1915. 

D j^uTu Im '— Herh > epiphytic ; rootstock creeping, rather stout and woody ; 
pseudobulbs rather close-set, ovoid or at times oblong, 1-2 in. long, clothed 
beow with membranous sheaths, 1-foliate. Leaves very shortly petioled, 
oblong, rather blunt fair y thick, 5-8 in. long, 1-lf in. wide. Scapes arcuate, 
b-s in long, clothed below with membranous sheaths; racemes cylindric, 
dense-flowered ; bracts ovate-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, 1-4 in. long! 
Mowers rather small, lilac with purple blotches. Sepal*: posterior elliptic- 
ovate, tip acute and recurved, \ in. long ; lateral connate, ovate, acute, concave, 
nh?nnl ^ ng " f^feovate, acuminate, r \ in. long. Lip clawed, elliptic- 
fi&«v b J use '™ tih 1 f 1 r * hlck ' * in - lo "g- with a finely 2-keeled disk, and with 
falcate-ovate rather blunt auricles. Column broad, j/in. long ; teeth subulate. 

4 Pol™ 7 . 2 ^T F t^ b fl< T r \, 2 ' the same ' the se P als removed; 3, lip; 
4, column, 5, anther-cap; 6, pollim*:— all enlarged. 


VincentBrooks.Day&SonLt iap 


Tab. 8724. 
POLYGONUM Griffithii. 

Northern India and Western China. 


Polygonum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 97. 

Polygonum (§ Bistorta) Griffithii, Hook. f. Flor. Brit. Ind. vol. v. p. 54 ; 
species P. sphaerostachyo, Meisn,, afiinis, sed spicis saepius pluribus 
pedunculis brevioribus pedicellis longioribus foliisque caulinis latioribus 

Herba perennis, rami circiter 12 e caudice lignoso caespitose orti. Folia radicalia 
numerosa, oblonga vel elliptica, acuta, basi rotundata vel acuta, subtus 
fere glauca, glabra vel primum sparse hirsuta, marginibus tenuiter 
undulatis, venulis tenuibus sed prominentibus, 10-15 cm. longa, 3'5 cm. 
lata ; petiolus usque ad 10 cm. longus ; folia caulina pauca, radicalibus 
multo minora, oblonga vel ovata, 6 cm. longa, 3 cm. lata ; petiolus usque 
ad 3 cm. longus ; ochrea glabra, brunnea, 4 cm. longa. Spicae simplices 
vel ramosae, in foliorum caulinorum axillis dispositae, densiflorae ; obtusae, 
pallide brunneae ; pedicelli 7 mm. longi, tenuissimi, prope basin articulati ; 
flores erecti. Perianthium turbinatum, intense kermesinum ; segmenta 
oblonga, obtusa, saepius 3-nervia, fi mm. longa, 2- 5 mm. lata. Stamina 8, 
perianthio breviora ; antherae violaceae, 1 mm. longae, obtusae. Ovarium 
anguste oblongum, 3-quetrum, 2 mm. longum ; styli 3, ovario duplo 
longiores, laete purpurei ; stigmata punctiformia parum exserta. Achenium 
4 mm. longum, ochraceum, lignosum. — P. calostachyum, Diels in Notes 
Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. vol. v. p. 261. Polygonum sp., Griff. Itin. Notes, 
p. 140.— C. H. Weight. 

The Polygonum we figure here was discovered by 
Dr. W. Griffith in 1837 growing on rocks above Sanah, 
in Bhutan, at about 10,000 feet above sea-level. The 
plant remained undescribed until 1886 when Sir J. D. 
Hooker named it P. Griffithii. The species was not 
heard of again until 1904 when it was met with by 
Mr. G. Forrest in moist mountain meadows on the 
eastern flank of the Mekong-Salween Divide in south- 
western Yunnan, at altitudes of 9,000-1 1,000 feet. It 
had already been gathered by Pere Monbeig at Tse-kou 
in the same province, specimens gathered by him reach- 
ing Kew in 1905. Since then Mr. F. K. Ward has also 
collected this species in Yunnan. The material for our 
plate was provided by a plant raised from seeds received at 

August, 11)17. 

Kew in 1914 from Messrs. Bees, Limited, under the unpub- 
lished name P. kermesinum which is now current in some 
collections. At Kew the plants reach a height of 
eighteen inches and flower early in August; though 
quite hardy they have failed so far to mature seeds. 
They form a distinct addition to the Kock Garden, 
striking because of the numerous spikes of rich crimson 
flowers. P. Griffithii approaches most closely P. sphaero- 
stachywn, Meisn., figured at t. 6847 of this work, which 
differs in having usually solitary smaller spikes on longer 
peduncles in the axils of narrower cauline leaves. While 
P. sphaerostachyum has short and often recurved pedicels, 
P. Griffithii has long erect ones. For this reason the 
bracts which are closely imbricate around the central 
axis become visible in P. Griffithii, and by their buff 
colour provide an effective contrast with the rich red of the 
perianth. The leaves of P. Griffithii are in wild specimens 
firm and almost leathery, in cultivated plants usually 
much thinner in texture. 

Description.— Herb, perennial; branches tufted, about 12 from each woody 
stock. Leaves : radical numerous, oblong or elliptic, acute, base rounded or 
acute, almost glaucous beneath, glabrous or at first sparingly hairy, margins 
slightly undulate, nerves sleuder but raised, 4-6 in. long, 1\ in. wide ; petiole 
up to \\ in. long; cauline few, much smaller than the radical leaves, oblong 
or ovate, 2\ in. long, 1| in. wide; petiole up to 1J in. long; ochrea glabrous, 
brown, 1* in. long. Spikes simple or branched, from the axils of the cauline 
leaves, dense-flowered ; peduncles up to 2 in. long, very slender, jointed near 
the base ; flowers erect. Perianth turbinate, deep rich crimson ; segments 
oblong, obtuse, usually 3-nerved, 1 in. long, -& in. wide. Stamens 8, shorter 
than the perianth ; anthers violet, small, obtuse. Ovary narrow-oblong, 
a-quetrous, ft in. long; styles 3, twice as long as the ovary, bright purple; 
Btigmas minute, slightly exserted. Achene $ in. long, hard. 

Tab. 8724— Fig, 1, a flower; 2, perianth-tube, laid open ; 3 and 4, stamens; 
5, pistil :— all enlarged. 

8 725 

Vine eni Br ooliS.T) ay & S onLt 

Tab. 8725. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM chiriquense. 

Central America, 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Odontoglossum, H. B. et K. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 561. 

Odontoglossom chiriquense, Beichb. f. in Bot. Zeit. 1852, p. 692; Bolfe in 
Orch. Bev. 1899, p. 49, fig. 8 ; 1902, p. 281, fig. 29 ; 1916, p. 177, fig. 34; 
species 0. coronario, Lindl., affinis sed floribus majoribus sepalis petal- 
isque valde undulatis apte distinguenda. 

Herba epiphytica, subscandens. Bhizoma validum, lignosum, vaginis sub- 
membranaceis imbricatis obtectum, radices crebrius eniittens ; pseudobulbi 
ovoideo-oblongi, subcorapressi, 7-11 cm. longi, 4-6 cm. lati, purpureo- 
suffusi, apice monophylli, basi diphylli. Folia elliptico-oblonga, obtusa, 
coriacea, basi conduplicata, 16-30 em. longa, 6-9 cm. lata. Scapi erecti, 
validi, 30-35 cm. alti ; racemi 20-25 cm. longi, multiflori ; bracteae oblongo- 
lanceolatae, acutae, subconcavae, 1-1*5 cm. longae. Flores speciosi, lutei, 
insigniter brunneo-maculati. Sepala etpetala patentia, orbiculari-elliptica, 
obtusa, undulata, 2*5-3 cm. longa. Labellum basi columnae breviter 
adnatum, trilobum, 2-2 • 5 cm. longum ; lobi laterales erecti, oblique auri- 
culati, obtusi, undulati, parvi; lobus intermedius patens vel reflexus, 
cuneato-obovatus, obtusus, 1*5-2 cm. longus, basi angiastatus; crista 
tuberculata, 2-seriata, clavata, incurva, lata, 1 *5 cm. longa ; alae latae, 
membranaceae, undulatae ; clinandrium cucullatum, membranaceum, cum 
alis continuum ; pollinia 2, pyriformia ; stipes planus, late oblongus ; glan- 
dula squamiformis. — 0. coronarium, var. chiriquense, Veitch, Man. Orch. 
pars. i. p. 23. — R. A. Rolfk. 

This handsome Odontoglossum was originally discovered 
by Warscewicz on the volcano of Chiriqui in Costa Rica, 
at 9,000 feet above sea-level ; it was first described by 
Reichenbaeh, from herbarium specimens, in 1852. Its 
introduction to cultivation did not take place until 
thirty years later when it was imported by Messrs. 
Sander and Sons, St. Albans. The locality was not then 
recorded, nor was it known in July, 1890, when an 
inflorescence was sent to Kew for determination by 
Messrs. E. Vervaet and Company, Ghent. In 1894 
Mr. R. Pfau sent a photograph and a dried specimen 
from San Jose, Costa Rica. It now appears that the 
species also occurs in Colombia ; there is, in the collection 

September, 1917. 

of the late Consul F. C. Lehmann, a dried flower stated 
to be from Yarumal, in the province of Antioquia. The 
material for our figure of 0. chiriquense has been derived 
from a plant acquired for the Kew collection at the Red 
Cross sale held in 1916. Until then this plant had been 
for upwards of twenty years in the collection of Mr. W. G. 
Grove, Holehird, Windermere. At Kew it flowered in 
October. It thrives well in a house suitable for species 
of Miltonia, the Odontoglossum house being too cold in 
winter for this species. It makes vigorous growth in a 
compost of peat fibre and sphagnum and requires a 
liberal supply of water. The nearest ally of 0. chiriquense 
is 0. coronarium, Lindl., figured at t. 7687 of this work, 
of which it has been regarded as a variety, but from 
which it is readily distinguished by its larger and very 
undulate flowers. 

i ?u S j RI ^°- N T Herh ' e P i P h y tic ' almost scandent. BootsiocTc stout, woody, 
clothed with imbricate almost membranous sheaths, giving off numerous roots ; 
pseudobulbs ovoid-oblong, somewhat compressed, 3-4£ in. long, lf-2i in. wide, 
flushed with purple 1-foliate at the top, 2-foliate at the base. Leaves elliptic- 
oblong obtuse, leathery, conduplicate at the base, 6J-12 in. long, 2*-3s in. 
wide. Scapes erect stout 12-14 in. high; racemes many-flowered, 8-10 in. 
long, bracts oblong-lanceolate, acute, rather concave, ±-f in. long. Flowers 
showy, yellow, very conspicuously blotched with brown? Sepals and petals 

f P /rl mg /l or 5 1CU + lar ; ell i 1 P tic ' obtu se, with undulate margins, 1-1* in. long. 
tL *Z M^V the base °* the columQ ' 3 - lo bed, i-1 in. long; lateral 
XJ *' obl "l ue Jy aunculate, obtuse, undulate, small, mid-lobe spreading or 
SSrnltP 9 e "°- b ? Vat ^ ° b . tUSe ' H ^. long, narrowed at the base; crest 
memZA Tff' d S n * , i inc ^ed, broad, | in. long; wings broad, 
tZ^Z ° U ^™ dulate : clinandrium cucullate, membranousf continuous with 
the wmgs, polhrna 2, pyriform; stipe flat, wide oblong ; gland scale-like. 

8 Anther 7 c 5 a 'rr F i g 'ilF 0rti ? n ° f T^ ° f a P etal ' 2 > column atld base of ]i P ' 

15t!»£J±3a 5 " 8ketch of an entire ^-- al1 enlarged 

M.S HUXF&ah hth. 

Vincent Broolw.Day&SoiiLV 

L.Reeve&C° London. 

Tab. 8726. 
ORESITROPHE rupifraga. 

North China. 

Saxifragaceae. Tribe Saxifrageae. 
Oresitrophe, Bunge; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen Plant, vol. i. p. 639. 

Oresitrophe rupifraga, Bunge, Enum. PL Chin. Bor. p. 31 ; Walp. Pep. 
vol. v. p. 823 ; Hance in Journ. Bot. 1875, p. 132 ; Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. Bot. vol. xxiii. p. 271 ; Oard. Chron. 1917, vol. lxi. p. 155, fig. 54 ; 
species unica. 

Herba acaulis, decidua ; rhizoma crassum, squamosum, e rupibus dissilientibus 
enatum. Folia radicalia 2 vel 3, petiolata, late cordata, abrupte et 
breviter acuminata, acute duplicato-serrata, supra glabra, subtus villosa, 
4-8 cm. longa, 3-5-7 cm. lata; petioli 3-12 cm. longi. Scapi erecti, 
12-17 cm. longi, glanduloso-villosuli, apice compacte vel interdum laxe 
cymosim paniculati, multiflori ; bracteae obsoletae ; pedicelli 3-5 mm. 
longi. Calyx campanulatus, 4-5 mm. longus, 5-7-lobus ; lobi elliptico- 
oblongi, obtusi, albi vel pallide rosei. Petala 0. Stamina 10-14, loborum 
calycinorum opposita; filamenta gracilia, lobis calycinis aequilonga ; 
antherae cordato-ovatae. Styli 2, truncati, glabri, stigmatibus simplicibus. 
Capsula 2-rostris, 1-locularis, 2-valvis, valvis basi introflexis connatis 
placentiferis. Semina numerosa. — R. A. Rolfe. 

The genus Oresitrophe includes only one species, 
0. rupifraga, which was first described by Dr. Bunge in 
1834 from material collected by himself in clefts of rocks 
on the mountains near Lun-zuan-ssi and Ssi-jui-ssi in 
Northern China. It was regarded by him as nearly 
allied to Astilbe, Ham., though in habit very different 
from that genus. In the family Saxifragaceae it is 
certainly somewhat anomalous, though in floral structure 
it agrees best with Chrysosplenium, Linn. ; in habit, 
however, it is as remote from this genus as it is from 
Astilbe. Subsequent to its discovery by Bunge, it was 
again collected on Mount Poa-hua-shan, near Pekin, by 
Dr. Bretschneider ; still later it was collected on the 
western hills near Pekin by Mr. W. Hancock, who has 
noted it as confined to rocky gullies, and as being rare. 
More recently it has been met with again by Mr. F. N. 
Meyer, in crevices of rocks in the Nankow Pass, Chihli, 

September, 1917. 

in northern China, to whom its introduction to horti- 
culture is due. Struck by its suitability as a rockery 
plant, Mr. Meyer sent rootstocks to Kew, as those of a 
species of Saxifraga, in 1913. Since their arrival these 
plants have been kept in pots in a cold frame. They 
have thriven satisfactorily and flowered freely both in 
1915 and 1916, when our drawing was prepared. Though 
it has not yet been planted out, 0. rupifraga promises 
to be quite hardy at Kew. The leaves, in autumn, turn 

Description.— Herb, stemless ; rootstock thick, scaly, growing in clefts of 
rocks. Leaves 2-3, radical, petioled, wide cordate, abruptly shortly acuminate, 
sharply double-serrate, glabrous above, villous beneath, l*-3 in. long, l£-2f in. 
wide; petiole 1J-5 in. long. Scape erect, 5-7 in. long, glandular hairy, 
compactly or at times laxly cymose-paniculate ; bracts obsolete ; pedicels 
W in. long. Calyx campanulate, j-j in. long, 5-7-lobed; lobes elliptic 
oblong obtuse white or pale rose. Petals 0. Stamens 10-14, in pairs 
opposite the calyx-lobes ; filaments slender, as long as the calyx-lobes ; anthers 
cordate-ovate. Styles 2, truncate, glabrous ; stigmas simple. Capsule 1-locular, 
2-beaked, 2-valved ; valves inflexed and united at the ovule-bearing base. Seeds 
very many. ° 

i«,T^!# 87 1 26 T ? ig ' J' P art . of ^florescence ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, ovary with 
base of calyx-tube ; 5, section of ovary :— all enlarged. 


Brooks, Day k< 

•e &C* 

Tab. 8727. 
RHODODENDRON neriiflortjm. 


Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron neriiflorum, Francli. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxiii. p. 230 
(1886); inter species chinenses foliis glabris infra glaucis, calyce magno 
coccineo, corolla coccinea 5-lobata, filamentis glabris, ovario et stylo basin 
versus tomentello valde distincta. 

Frutex laxe ramosus, usque ad 1*6 ra. altus; ramuli purpurascentes, glabri, 
subteretes, annotini circiter 0" 8 cm. crassi. Folia laxe disposita, longe 
petiolata, oblonga, apice rotundata et obtuse apiculata, basi obtusissima 
vel interdum breviter attenuata, 7-10 cm. longa, 2 5-4 cm. lata, rigide 
coriacea, supra laete viridia, infra glauco-viridia, glabra ; costa media supra 
leviter impressa, infra prominens, basi circiter 2 - 5 mm. lata et semiteres ; 
nervi laterales utrinsecus circiter 12, tenues, marginem versus evanidi et 
flexuosi, venis delicate reticulatis infra subconspicuis ; petiolus rubro- 
purpureus, 1 ' 5-2 cm. longus, primum minute purpuraceo-puberulus, mox 
glaber. Flares in capitulum subracemosum terminale circiter 8-florum 
dispositi ; perulae exteriores obovatae, cuspidato-acuminatae, furfuraceo- 
puberulae, interiores oblongae ad lineares, sericeo-tomentosae ; pedicelli 
circiter 1 " 3 cm. longi, breviter tomentosi. Calyx usque ad 1 cm. lougus, 
inaequaliter lobatus, extra glaber, lobis purpureis breviter ciliatis. Corolla 
coccineo-purpurea, tubulosa, 5-lobata ; tubus glaber, basi saccatus et intra 
maculis purpureis ornatus, apicem versus paullo ampliatus, 2-2*5 cm. 
longus, apice circiter 2 cm. diametro ; lobi 5, profunde emarginati, ambitu 
rotundati, circiter 1 ' 5 cm. longi. Stamina 10, corolla paullo breviora ; 
filamenta complanata, glabra ; antherae atro-purpureae, 3 mm. longae. 
Ovarium 5-6-loculare, navo-tomentosum, conicum ; stylus corolla aequi- 
longus, basin versus tomentellus. Fructus baud visus. — J. Hutchinson. 

The charming Rhododendron here figured appears to be 
confined to the Tali range in Yunnan where it was 
originally discovered by the Abbe Delavay a generation 
ago. It has been repeatedly met with on the same range 
by Mr. G. Forrest, at altitudes of 9,000-11,000 feet. 
Plants have been raised by Mr. J. C. Williams, Caerhays 
Castle, Gorran, Cornwall, from seed collected by Mr. 
Forrest, and from one of these came the material for 
our plate. Mr. Williams informs us that JR. neriiflorum, 
which has now been in his collection some six years, 

September, 1917. 

grows both well at Caerhays and at Werrington, near 
Launceston, which is colder than Caerhays. It is a 
dwarf shrub which begins to flower when less than 
eighteen inches in height ; even in the wild state it does 
not exceed five feet in height. According to Forrest the 
flowers vary in shade from deep rose to crimson scarlet 
and as grown in this country it provides brilliant patches 
of colour. It has proved easy to grow and has the 
advantage of thriving well in more open spaces than the 
Indian species whose flowers are of the same rich colour. 
ft. neriiflorum belongs to a group of species in the section 
Eurhododendron characterised by their smooth eglandular 
leaves. Among these it is readily distinguished by the 
pinkish glaucous, finely reticulate under surface of the 
leaves, the crimson calyx, and the glabrous filaments. 
It does not appear to be closely related to any other 
Chinese species, and is only remotely allied to the Sikkim 
fi. Thomsoni, Hook, f., figured at t. 4997 of this work. 
In E. Thomsoni the corolla is of the same colour, and the 
under surface of the leaves has the same glaucous bloom, 
but the leaves in the Sikkim plant are cordate at the 
base and more orbicular in outline, while the ovary is 
quite smooth, not hairy as in B. neriiflorum. 

Description.— Shrub, loosely branched, up to 5 ft. high ; twigs purplish, 
glabrous, nearly cylindric, about i in. thick in their second season. Leaves 
scattered, long stalked, oblong, rounded and bluntly apiculate at the tip, base 
truncate or occasionally shortly cuneate, 3-4 in. long, 1-lf in. wide, firmly 
coriaceous, bright-green above, glaucous-green beneath, glabrous ; midrib slightly 
sun* above raised beneath and then near the base rounded and about T V in. 
wide ; lateral nerves about 12 on each side of the midrib, slender, flexuous, 
becoming indistmct near the leaf margin ; reticulation fine and rather visible 
beneath ; petiole red-purple, J-f in. long, at first finely scurfy-puberulous, soon 
glabrous. Flowers in a nearly terminal, rather racemose, usually 8-flowered 
truss ; outer bud-scales obovate, cuspidately acuminate, scurfy-puberulous ; 
inner oblong to linear, silky tomentose ; pedicels about I in. long, shortly 
™SS r « Ca ?FV P *? * b l0Q g' Serous outside, unequally lobed; lobes 
purple, shortly ciliate. Corolla pinkish-purple, tubular, 5-lobed ; tube glabrous, 
saccate at the base and there with a ring of purple patches, f-1 in. long, about 
I m. across at the top ; lobes 5, deeply emarginate, rounded, about f in. long. 
f'T'*, 10 ' rath f r 8horter than the corolla; filaments flattened, glabrous ; 
atvlT^ de , e P-P? rpIe ' * £• lon S- Ovary 5-6-celled, yellow tomentose; conical ; 
styte about as long as the corolla, finely tomentose towards the base. Fruit 

Tab. 8727.— Fig. 1, tip of leaf; 2, calyx and ovary; 3, corolla, laid open; 
4 part of base of corolla-tube ; 5 and 6, stamens ; 7, stigma ; 8, transverse 
section of ovary:— all enlarged. 




/e ^COLon-don 

Tab. 8728. 


Western China. 

Compositae. Tribe Asteroideae. 
Aster, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 271. 

Aster fusceseens, Bur. et Franch. in Journ. de Bot. vol. v. p. 49 (1891) " 
affinis A. scabro, Tbunb., sed foliis latioribus petiolis inferioribus exalatis' 
involucri bracteis lineari-lanceolatis acute acuminatis dorso glanduloso- 
puberulis differt. 

Herba; caulis simplex, usque ad 6 dm. altus, robustus, medio circiter 6 mm 
crassus, sulcatus, pilis crispatis pubescens. Folia inferiora longe petiolata' 
late ovata, basi rotundata vel truncata, brevissime cuneato-producta apice' 
rotundata, circiter 12 cm. longa et 10 cm. lata, tenuiter chartacea, repando- 
dentata, dentibus conspicue mucronatis, utrinque praecipue in nervis parce 
pubescentia ; nervi laterales utrinsecus circiter 4, marginem versus ramosi 
infra prominentes ; folia superiora breviter petiolata vel interdum sub- 
sessilia, late ovata ad ovato-lanceolata, subacuta, denticulata ; petioli 
mfenores usque ad 16 cm. longi, haud alati, pilis minutis reflexis pube- 
scentes. Corymbt subglobosi, multicapitulati, circiter 12 cm. diametro 
ramuhs glanduloso-hirsutis, bracteis parvis subfoliaceis. Capitula circiter 
3 cm. diametro, involucri bracteae circiter 3-seriatae, usque ad 8 mm. 
longae, lineari-lanceolatae, acute acuminatae, dorso glanduloso-puberulae ' 
marginibus anguste membranaceis. Flores radii circiter 15, a basi patulo 
leviter incurvati, violacei; corollae tubus 1 mm. longus, glaber; limbua 
linearis, apice 3-denticulatus, circiter 1 cm. longus. Flores disci numerosi, 
ochracei; corollae tubus subcylindricus, 5 mm. longus, glaber, breviter 
5-lobus. Pappus fuscus, 6 mm. longus, minute barbellatus. Achacnia 
anguste obovoidea, leviter compressa, parce pubescentes.— J. Hutchinson. 

Aster fusceseens is a species originally discovered in 1889 
by the late Abbe Delavay, in the Tsang-chang mountains, 
Yunnan. It was met with again in 1890 near Ta-chien-lu, 
in Szechuan, by Prince Henri d'Orleans and Mr. Bonvalot' 
and was first described from their specimens. The 
species bears considerable resemblance to the well-known 
A. scaler, Thunb., which also occurs in Yunnan and 
Szechuan, but extends thence northwards as far as Corea 
and Japan. From that species A. fusceseens differs in 
its more rounded leaves, its less winged petiole, and 
particularly in the linear-lanceolate, acutely acuminate, 
glandular-puberulous bracts of the involucre ; the flower- 

September, 1917. 

heads of A. fuscescens are moreover distinctly larger than 
these of A. scaler. The plant figured was grown from 
seed presented to Kew in 1914 by Messrs. Bees. These 
seeds had been collected in western China by Mr. F. K. 
Ward. A hardy perennial which grows vigorously and 
ripens its seeds freely in a herbaceous border, A. fuscescens 
is well worth cultivating. At Kew it reaches a height 
of about two feet. 

r£ E .! C ZZ7-~t He -li '' S - em T P1<5 ' ? P t0 2 ft - in hei S ht ' stout > i *• thick, 
?ll I'l i h nt A wlth . cris P rath / r refle ^d hairs. Leaves near base of stem 
2 fcl ° Ied ' Y 1 °^te, rounded at the tip, rounded or truncate and shortly 
tZh ££t J ' ab °^ 5 m - J T g ' 4 > wide ' thinl y P a P er y- repand-toothed, 
on th. n^ % i m rT ate ' Sp T dy P ubes °ent on both surfaces, but especially^ 
?nJ ft rl + r i 5 f teral ° erveS a ^ 0ut 4 alon S each side of the midrib, branching 
^Tioled nr ^ " margin ' ? 1Sed °, n the Under surface '* u PP er ^aves shortly^ 
Kn«n! 1 + ao P aetlme » nearly sessile, wide ovate to ovate-lanceolate, subacute, 

sho ittVJT* Pet ^ eS Up , t0 6 * in - long ' not win S ed ' **% Pubescent with 
across S *uZ ! C ? r 2> m V° mewhat globose, many-flowered, about 6 in. 
across tlTJ^-™'^* 7 ' ^ &CtS SmaU ' rather leaf y- Hea <** about 1J in. 
acutelv' acurninffl T^T ^ 3 - Seriate ' U P to * in - lon S> ^ear-lanceolate, 
memiraSonr 1; g la °dular-pube S cent on the back, the margins narrow 
S t ™; 9 ?Z fl ? t ° Ut !fc Slightly incTlrved from the spreading base 
the tU Tel i?n 1 ¥¥ m " }° D f>J lab ™s; limb linear, minutely 3-toothed at 
cvlindric i in* nJ f ^ Dl8li ' fi r^ many ' yellowish ; corolla-tube almost 
nndv barSelttP ^ ? r ° US ' short ly globed. P^ MS tawny, \ in. long, 
pubScenfe " Darr0W ° b ° VOid ' lightly compresSd; sparingly 

4 dfsk'fl 8 o^'nfL 8 ; t J;iT g /i° Wer - head; 2 ' ra y-fl°"t; 3, pappus-bristle, 
aUeVlarglt ' ' ^^ ; 6 ' st > 1 ™™* i *. an achene, the pappus removed :- 



L Reeve &C?Lond ( 

Vincent Br oote.B ay & 

SoTlDt? 1 

Tab. 8729. 

PLEIONE Pricei. 


Oechidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae.' 

Pleione, B. Don, Prodr. Ft. Nepal, p. 36 ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant. 
vol. iii. p. 518, sub Coelogyne. 

Pleione Pricei, Rolfe; Orch. Rev. 1916, p. 126 (nomen) ; species nova, a 
P. formosana, Hayata, caule breviori unifloro, bracteis brevioribus et 
labelli disco bilamellato differt. 

Herba terrestris ; pseudobulbi late ovoidei vel depresso-ovoidei, olivacei, vetusti 
obscure angulati, 1-5-2 cm. lati, monophylli, vaginis membranaceis acutis 
obtecti. Folia per anthesin immatura, elliptico-lanceolata, acuta, 3 ■ 5-5 cm. 
longa, matura ad 22 cm. longa, 3 3 cm. lata. Scapi erecti, 6-8 cm. longi, 
uniflori ; bracteae oblongae, subacutae, couvolutae, 2-2 "5 cm. longae ; 
pedicelli 1 ■ 3-2 cm. longi. Flores speciosi, 11-11 ■ 5 cm. lati, lilacini, labello 
albidulo pallide brunneo-maculato, carinis pallide luteis. Sepala patentia, 
lanceolata, acuta vel subapiculata, 4-5-5 ■ 5 cm. longa ; lateralia subrecurva. 
Petala anguste falcato-lanceolata, acuta, 5 cm. longa. Labellum con- 
volutum, expansum late orbiculari-obovatum, insigniter fimbriatum, 5 cm. 
longum, 4 cm. latum ; discus bilamellatus, lamellae undulatae, fere ad 
apicem extensae. Columna clavata, 3 cm. longa.— R. A. Rolfe. 

This pleasing Pleione is a native of Formosa, where it 
was discovered by Mr. W. R. Price, during the joint 
expedition to that island by Mr. H. J. Elwes and himself. 
In 1914 pseudobulbs were sent by Mr. Price to Kew, 
where they produced flowers in the following spring. It 
was at first believed that the species might prove to be 
P. formosana, Hayata, a native of the same island first 
described in 1911, of which there is no specimen available 
for comparison. The description of P. formosana, how- 
ever, indicates that in that species the stems are ten 
inches high with racemes of two to three flowers, bracts 
over an inch and a half in length and a 4-lamellate in 
place of the 2-lamellate lip-disk met with in P. Pricei. 
The figure now given has been prepared from the plants 
received at Kew from Mr. Price, but it has to be noted 
that another plant, which flowered in the collection of 
Mr. Elwes at Colesbornein April, 1917, produced a flower 

October, 1917. 

of a rather darker rosy-lilac shade with the bract more 
distinctly lined with red. The species has thriven well 
in a tropical house under the conditions and treatment 
suitable for the Indian P. Ilookeriana, which it resembles, 
figured at t. 6388 of this work as a Coelogyne. 

Description. — Herb, terrestrial ; pseudobulbs wide-ovoid or depressed-ovoid, 
olive-green, when old obscurely angled, £-f in. across, 1-foliate, clothed with 
acute membranous sheaths. Leaves immature at time of flowering, elliptic- 
lanceolate, acute, l£-2 in. long, when full grown up to 9 in. long by lj in. wide. 
Scapes erect, 1-flowered, 2J-3 in. long ; bracts oblong, rather acute, convolute, 
f-1 in. long ; pedicels J-f in. long. Flowers showy, 4J-4£ in. wide, lilac or 
rosy-lilac, with a whitish lip which is blotched with pale brown, and is 
ornamented with yellow keels. Sepals spreading, lanceolate, acute or almost 
apiculate, 4f-5i in. long, the lateral pairs somewhat recurved. Petals narrowly 
falcate-lanceolate, acute, 2 in. long. Lip convolute, wide orbicular-obovate 
when spread out, markedly fimbriate, 2 in. long, li in. across ; disk 2-lamellate, 
the keels undulate, extending nearly to the tip of the lip. Column clavate, 
1J in. long. 

Tab. 8729. — Fig. 1, column ; 2, anther-cap ; 3, pollinia : — all enlarged. 


MS .del.J.NPildi lilh. 

ViucnA Broo>s.Day& S on Ltfimp 

L Rao-re &C°Loridon. 

Tab. 8730. 
CASTILLEJA miniata. 

North America. 


Castilleja, Mutis ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen Plant, vol. ii. p. 973. 

Castilleja miniata, Dougl. in HooTc. Fl. Bor.-Amer. vol. ii. p. 106 ; Benth. in 
DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 532 ; A. Gray in Brewer 4 Wats. Bot. Calif. 
vol. i. p. 574, et Syn. Fl. N. Amer. vol. ii. pars 1, ed. 2, p. 297 ; Howell, Fl. 
Northwest Amer. vol. i. p. 531 ; Piper in Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. vol. xi. 
p. 515 ; Henshaw, Mountain Wild Flow. Amer. p. 170 ; Elwes in Gar J. 
Chron. 1916, vol. lx. p. 9, fig. 4 ; species C. pallidae, Kunth, var. septen- 
trionali, A. Gray, similliina, sed corollae labio postico longiore praesertim 

Herba perennis. Caules e caudice sublignoso orti, adscendentes vel erecti, 
simplices, usque ad 5 dm. alti, 3-4 mm. crassi, parce pilosi vel infeme 
glabri, virides vel leviter purpurascentes, siccitate plus minusve nigro- 
purpurascentes. Folia alterna, sessilia, lanceolata vel inferiora linearia, 
apice angustata vel caudata, acutiuseula, integra vel apicem versus pauci- 
dentata, 4-5-8 cm. longa, 4-12 mm. lata, 3-nervia, puberula, interdum 
marginibus nervisque ciliatis. Flores brevissime pedicellati, in racemum 
vel spicam terminalem 7-10 cm. longum primum confertim demum laxius 
dispositi. Bracteae oblongo-lanceolatae, integrae vel apice incisae vel 
dentatae, calyces vix superantes, glanduloso-pubescentes, 3-nerviae, in- 
feriores fere omnino virides, superiores fere omnino speciose coccineae. 
Calyx tubulosus, incurvus, 2-2 5 cm. longus, postice profunde antice 
paulum profundius fissus, glanduloso-pubescens, infeme pallide viridis, 
superne plus minusve coccineus; lobi 4, triangulari-lanceolati, 5-8 mm. 
longi, basi 1-25-2 mm. lati, acuti vel apiculati. Corolla 2- 5-8* 5 cm. 
longa; tubus tubuloso-infundibulif oralis, incurvus, 1-5-2 cm. longus, 
pubescens, albidus ; labium posticum cymbiforme, margine involutum, 
apice denticulatum, sat dense breviterque glanduloso-pubescens, dorso 
pallide viride, margine coccineum ; labium anticum 1-5-2 mm. longum, 
3-lobum, basi labii postici adpressum, viride. Stamina 4, didynama, 
longiora corollae subaequilonga ; filamenta filiformia, glabra ; antherae 
2-loculares, parce pilosae. Ovarium ellipsoideum, apice obliquum, 
4-5 mm. longum, glabrum ; stylus filiformis, glaber, breviter exsertus, 
stigmate leviter 2-lobato. — C. pallida, var. unalaschcensis, Cham. & 
Scblecht. in Linnaea, vol. ii. p. 581, partim. C pallida, var. miniata, 
A. Gray in Amer. Journ. Sci. ser. 2, vol. xxxiv. p. 337. Euchroma integri- 
folia, Nutt. ex Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 532.— S. A. Skan. 

The genus Castilleja is composed of herbs or under- 
shrubs which appear to be parasitic on the roots of other 
plants and are for this reason, as is the case with many 

October, 1917. 

Scrophulariaeeae of the tribes Gerardieae and Euphrasieae f 
impossible or difficult to cultivate. Upwards of 150 
species have been described, but many are of doubtful 
validity, and their number would probably be consider- 
ably reduced were the genus carefully revised. Mostly 
natives of Western North America, several are found in 
Central America, a few in the Andes of South America 
and one in Brazil and other parts of Tropical South 
America. One species, C. pallida, Kunth, extends from 
North-West America to Northern Asia, Arctic Russia 
and Lapland. C. miniata, popularly known as Bright 
Painted-cup, has a wide distribution in Western North 
America, ranging from Alaska southward along the 
higher mountains to California. Tt was originally 
described from specimens collected in 1826 by Douglas 
in the Blue Mountains of Northern Oregon and from 
others collected by Tolmie. The material figured was 
sent to Kew by Mr. H. J. Elwes of Colesborne, Chelten- 
ham, and this was furnished by a plant which he received 
from Mr. F. R. S. Balfour of Dawyck, Peeblesshire, who 
sent it home with others during his visit to North- West 
America in 1913. The plants were lifted near Lake 
Agnes in the Canadian Rocky Mountains at about 8,000 
feet elevation. Mr. Balfour was uncertain whether the 
species should be called C. purpurascens, Greenman, or 
6. miniata, but was inclined to think that it should be 
the latter, as it grows above timber line and is cardinal 
scarlet, occasionally pinkish and rarely whitish, whereas 
the former is more usual at lower altitudes and is gener- 
ally of a purplish hue. Q. purpurascens is not represented 
in the Kew Herbarium. Judging from the description 
there is nothing to distinguish it from C. miniata except 
the purplish colour. According to Grav's treatment of 
LastiUeja m his Synoptical Flora the plant now figured 
should not be C. miniata, in which, he has stated, the 
calyx is about equally cleft before and behind, and the 
upper hp (galea) of the corolla is longer than the tube, 
lhe plant described here has the calyx more deeply 
cleft in front, and the upper lip of the corolla is distinctly 
longer than the tube. In these characters the subject 
of our figure agrees with the original types. C. miniata is 
by no means a new introduction into English gardens. 

It is stated that it was first grown in this country in 
1874. There is a plant in the Rock Garden at Kew 
which was received some years ago from the nursery of 
Sir J. Gore Booth, Lissadell, Sligo. This has thriven 
well in a partially shaded position in ordinary soil, and 
has proved quite hardy. It flowers annually in June 
and is easily propagated by seeds. The species has also 
flowered in the garden of Mrs. Longstaff at Wimbledon 
and in that of Mr. Balfour at Davvyck. When viewed 
in great numbers and amid natural surroundings it is an 
unusually striking plant, "For mass of colour," writes 
Mr. Balfour regarding C. miniata and allied species, " I 
never saw anything equal to them except perhaps a 
British poppy field." Several species of the genus have 
appeared in gardens from time to time ; one of these, 
C. vndivisa, Engelm., from Texas, is figured at t. 6376 of 
this work. 

Description.— Herb, perennial; stems unbranched, ascending or erect from 
a woody stock, up to 1\ ft. high, *-J in. thick, sparingly hairy or glabrous 
downwards, green or faintly purplish, more or less dark purple when drv 
Reaves alternate, sessile, lanceolate or the lower linear, narrowed or caudate at 
the tip, rather acute, entire or sparingly toothed near the tip, lf-3 in. long 
v- 3 - in. wide, 8-nerved, puberulous, occasionally ciliate along the nerves and 
the margin Flowers shortly pedicelled, at first closely, ultimately rather 
loosely clustered in a terminal raceme or spike 3-4 in. long. Bracts oblong- 
lanceolate, entire or incised or toothed at the tip, hardly longer than the calyx, 
glandular-pubescent, 3-nerved, the lower wholly green, the upper almost wholly 
SS, P - i f yX , tubular > ^curved, f-1 in. long, deeply cleft behind, more 
aeepiy m front, glandular-pubescent, pale green below, more or less pink 
upwards; lobes 4, triangular-lanceolate, fr-i in. long, -W* in. wide at the 
££3*: P ap ; CUlate - C° roUa ^ in - W; tube tubular-fannel-shapedt 
l/w? 77 1D - , gl P ubescenfc . whitish ; upper lip boat-shaped with involute 
edges and denticulate tip, closely shortly glandular-pubescent, pale green on 
tl b S: he max 8 los P ink i ] °wer lip |-«- in. long, 3-lobed, adpressed to the 
W L It Up V er }}V> &***• Stamen* 4, didynamous, the longer pair nearlv as 
& n C ° r ?J la; fi 3 laments nliform, glabrous; anthers 2-celled, sparingly 
hjuy. Ovary ellipsoid with the tip oblique, |-i in. long, glabrous; style 
filiform, glabrous, shortly exserted; stigma shortly 2-lobed. * 

Tab 8730— Fig. 1, bract; 2, flower; 3, flower with the calyx laid open; 
4 and o, anthers with portions of filaments ; 6, pistil :— all enlarged. 


M.S.del. J.N Filch Hit. 

L .Reeve &C° London. 

Vincent Brooka.DaySonL^imp 

Tab. 8731. 
ORTHROSANTHUS chimb oracensis. 

Mexico to Peru. 

Ieidaceae. Tribe Sisyrinchikab. 
Orthrosanthus, Sweet ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 697. 

Orthrosanthus chimboracensis, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1876, vol. vi. p. 67, 
et in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xvi. p. 112, et in Handb. Irid. p. 119 ; 
Hemsl. Biol. Centr.-Amer. vol. iii. p. 329 ; species 0. spicato, Baker, affiuis, 
infiorescentia paniculatim ramosa distinguenda. 

Herba perermis ; rhizoma breve, obliquum, lignosum. Folia linearia, 38 cm. 
longa, 7 mm. lata, equitantia, herbida, marginibus minutissime denseque 
serratis. Pedunculus rigidus, viridis, 50 cm. altus ; bracfceae primariae 
herbaceae, margine membranaceae pubescentesque, lanceolatae, acu- 
minatae, 2- 5 cm. longae, acute carinatae, in carina ciliatae ; flores ad 
bractearum axillas fasciculati ; bracteae secundariae ovato-lanceolatae, 1 cm. 
longae, quam primariae minus acute carinatae ciliataeque ; bracteolae 2, 
ovato-lanceolatae, subobtusae, herbaceae marginibus latis membranceis 
praeditae ; pedicelli 2-5 cm. longi. Perianthium lavandulaceo-azureum ; 
segmenta subaequalia, 15 mm. longa, 10 mm. lata, patentia, obovata, 
exteriora breviter cuspidata, interiora apice obtusa basi subito contracta. 
Filamenta libera, subulata, 5 mm. longa ; antberae lanceolatae, luteae, 
5 mm. longae. Styli rami subulati, purpurei, 8 mm. longi. Ovarium 
cylindricum, nitidum, viride, 7 mm. longum. Fructus oblongus, trisul- 
catus, 2 cm. longus, 4 mm. diametro, obscure brunneus. — O. Moritzianus, 
Klotzsch ex Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xvi. p. 112. Moraea 
chimboracensis et M. acorifolia, H. B. & K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. i. p. 322. 
Sisyrinchium Moritzianum, Klatt in Linnaea, vol. xxxi. p. 378. — 
C. H. Wright. 

The genus Orthrosanthus, "morning flower," includes 
seven species, five of which are confined to West 
Australia; a sixth species is said to occur in South 
Brazil ; the seventh, which is here figured, has a wider 
range than any of the others, for it extends along the 
Andes from southern Mexico to Peru and Bolivia. The 
nearest ally of Orthrosanthus is Sisyrhichium, Linn., from 
which our genus differs in having free filaments. But 
the Brazilian species 0. spicatus, Baker, is said to have 
the filaments united, and on this account it has been 
referred, in the " Flora Brasiliensis," to Sisyrinchiwn. If 
this treatment be accurate, then 0. chimboracensis, the 

October, 1917. 

species now figured, is the only member of the genus in 
South America. Though this species was originally 
described many years ago, it does not appear to have 
been introduced to cultivation until 1876, when it 
flowered in the collection of Mr. Tyerman. The material 
ior our plate was supplied by Mr. H. J. Elwes, with whom 
it flowered at Colesborne, Cheltenham, in 1916. Mr. 
Elwes informs us that the record of the original source 
ol his plant has been lost. In his collection it grows 
well in a cold greenhouse, and sets seeds freely. 

h^r C flZ IO f'~ H Z b \ V , eVenni& l ; rootstock short, oblique, woody. Leaves 
senate Swi°"t -a * ™' Wlde ' e 1 uitant . gnuwy, margins closely and finely 
S m emhiT ngl ^ S ree "' over « ft - h igh; primary bracts herbaceous, 
2Lu WW f ? ubesce "* T Vg[nS > lance °^te, acuminate, 1 in. long 
BeconLv £« IV* *f e * k6el; fl ° Wers fascicled in ^ bract-axils; 
cS2 Xn ?S! - Vate " lanCe0lat "' * iD - l0n g' less s barp]y keeled and less 
herbaceous Jfh lEST 7 ° l™ ' bracteoles 2 > ovate-lanceolate, rather obtuse, 
lavender bluT,^ ? embran ? us ma l^ ! P«IicelB 1-2 in. long. Perianth 
obovate twWp^T^f ^ eqm1 ' * in " lon "' * in " wide > ^reading, 

taSSd it thP W ^ y CUS F ldate ' the inner blunt at the tip, suddenly con! 
veHo v 1 in lot sEtZZ* f T\ ! ubulate ' * in " lon S ! ^pb lanceolate, 
sh ning green ofer * 2 w" ^ l f\V^ P le j in. long. Ovary cylindric, 
dull brown g- Pnwi ° blon ^' 3 - sl ^ate, | in. long, \ in. wide, 

4^styie-aIn!s~5 ig frnH fl fi Wer ', Wit t ^ erianth removed ! 2 and 3, anthers; 

«S S!S 6 ', Seeds; 7 ' Jetch of an entire plant :-all enlarged 
xcept ty, whush ts j natural me> and 7j wW<jA ig much r l duce ^ * 



t- 3 



L Re eve &C ° L ondon 

Tab. 8732. 
DAPHNE Giraldii. 


Thymelaeaceae. Tribe Euthymelaeeae. 
Daphne, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 190. 

Daphne Giraldii, Nitsche, Beitr. Kenntn. Gatt. Daphne (Diss.) p. 7; Rehdcr 
in Sargent, PI. Wilson, vol. ii. p. 545 ; inter species subsectionis 
Alpinarum, Keissl., floribus aureis glaberrimis distinctissima. 

Frutex erectus, - 75 m. altus, glaberrimus. Folia primo anno decidua, alterna, 
sessilia, anguste oblanceolata, subacute, vel obtusa, saepe minute apiculata, 
basin versus magis minusve attenuata, 4-6 cm. longa, vix 1 cm. lata, papy- 
racea, glabenima. Flores adramorum apices capitato-glomerata, pauci (in 
planta cxilta ad 8), subsessiles, ebracteati, glaberrimi, aurei. Receptaculum 
tubulosum, 6-8 mm. longum, 2 - 5 mm. latum. Sepala ovata, acuta, ad 
4 mm. longa. Petala 0. Staminum series inferior paulo supra medium 
tubum, supe ior in faucibus inserta. Ovarium sessile ; stigma depresso- 
globosum, se'.sile. Fructus ovoideus, 8 mm. latus. — D. tangutica, Pritz. 
in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 481 ; non Maxim. — 0. Stapf. 

The Daphne here figured was first met with by Pere 
Giraldi, after whom it is named, in 1894 on Mt. Tue-lian- 
pu in Northern Shensi. It was collected by him again 
in 1897 in other localities in the Tsin-ling range, and in 
1899 it was found by Mr. H. Scallan on Mt. llgosan in 
the same province. Some years later it was found in 
Western Kansu, at elevations of about 9,000 feet, on the 
mountains to the west of the Tow River by Mr. W. 
Purdom when collecting on behalf of Messrs. J. Veiteh 
and Sons, by whom it was introduced to cultivation. 
The material for our plate of D. Giraldii has been 
supplied by Mr. G. W. E. Loder from a plant in his 
garden at Wakehurst Place, Ardingly, Sussex. This 
plant, which was obtained from Messrs. Veiteh in 1913, 
has been grown since then in an open border, where 
it has proved quite hardy and has developed into a bush 
two and a half feet high with a crown four feet in 
circumference. It has flowered fairly freely at Wake- 
hurst Place, but does not set seed very readily. Mr. 

October, 1917. 

Loder informs us that he has been able to layer the 
plant and has succeeded in striking a few cuttings. 
D. tangutica, Maxim., the species with which it has been 
confused, differs in having persistent leaves and bracteate 
inflorescences. The remaining species of the section 
Alpinae have white, silky flowers, and all occupy areas 
which lie to the north and west of that in which 
J). Giraldii occurs. 

Description.— Shrub, erect, 2£ ft. in height, quite glabrous. Leaves 
deciduous, alternate, sessile, narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse or slightly acute, 
often finely apiculate, more or less narrowed to the base, 1^-2^ in. long, about 
i in. wide, papery, quite glabrous. Flowers capitately clustered at the tips of 
the branches, rather few (in cultivated plants about 8 to a cluster), nearly 
sessile, bractless, quite glabrous, golden yellow. Receptacle tubular, \-\ in. 
lon g< To ln - wide. Sepals ovate, acute, up to a in. long. Petals 0. Stamens 
2-senate ; the lower inserted a little above the middle of the tube ; the upper 
inserted in the throat. Ovary sessile; stigma depressed globose, sessile. 
Jirutt ovoid, I in. in diameter. 

Tab 8732.— Fig. 1, flower ; 2, the same, in vertical section ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 
5, fruit, nearly ripe, with subtending leaf :— all enlarged except 5, which is of 
natural size. 

8 733 

MS.del. IN Filch hit. 

Vincent Brooks.DayS.SonLt nr.p 

L Reeve 3tC9 London 

Tab. 8733. 



Eosaceae. Tribe Peuneae. 
Phonos, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. /. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 609. 

PrunuB subhirtella,'M?. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. vol. ii. p. 91, var. 
autumnalis, Makino in Tokyo Bot. Mag. vol. xxii. p. 117 (1908) ; Wilson 
in Cherries of Japan, p. 12 ; varietas distincta auctumno vergente nee 
tempore verno florescens, corollam petalis 10-15 nee 5 tantum instructam 
exhibens, ceterum cum typo arete congruens. 

Arbor parva, 3-6 m. alta ; ramuli primum pubescentes mox fere glabri. 
Folia ovata vel ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, basi late cuneata vel rotun- 
data, margine serrata vel interdum duplicato-serrata dentibus apice 
glandulosis, 4-9 cm. longa, 1*2-3 cm. lata, pvimum utrinque pubescentia, 
demum supra glabrescentia, supra laete viridia, subtus hebetia ; petiolus 
pubescens, 1-2-2 cm. longus ; glandulae marginales prope laminae basin 
1-2, conspicuae. Flores auctumno vergente secus ramulos foliatos 
abbreviates axillares, auctumno exacto secus ramulos nudos ex axillis 
foliorum delapsorum enati, odorati, 2 • 5-3 cm. lati ; pedicelli glabri vel parce 
pilosi, 2-5-4 cm. longi, 1-3 fasciculatim aggregati, basi squamis parvis 
membranaceis circumdati, saepius medium versus bracteis 1-2 laciniatis 
instructi. Beceptaculum tubulosum vel infundibulare, glabrum vel parce 
pilosum. Sepala 5, ovato-lanceolata, serrata, glabra, 6 mm. longa. 
Petala 10-15, pallide punicea vel albida, obcuneata vel ovalia, acuta vel 
truncata, saepe emarginata. Stamina indefinita; filamenta glabra, 
punicea; antherae luteae. Ovarium ovoideum, apicem versus parce 
pilosum; stylus glaber. Fructus ignotus. — P. autumnalis, Koehne in 
Plant. Wils. vol. i. p. 259. P. makinoana, Koehne in Fedde, Rep. Spec. 
Nov. vol. xi. p. 271. P. microlepis, Bean in Trees & Shrubs, vol. ii. 
p. 243; non Koehne. P. microlepis, var. Smithii, Koehne apud Bean in 
Kew Bull. 1914, p. 51. P. Miqueliana, Hort. ; non Maxim.— W. J. Bean. 

The Cherry here figured was originally introduced to 
the United Kingdom by Mr. T. Smith of Newry, and 
distributed by him as Prunus Miqueliana, the name under 
which he had received it from Japan. The plant from 
which the material for our plate was gathered is one in 
the Kew collection which was purchased from Mr. Smith 
in 1912. It flowered in December of that year, and on 
being compared with an authentic example of P. Mique- 
liana was found to diner from that species. It was then 
sent to Professor Koehne of Berlin, who expressed the 
view that it was a variety of his P, microlepis. The 
material at his disposal was, however, very incomplete, 

October, 1917. 

and since then this and other Japanese cherries have 
been very carefully studied in the living state in their 
native country by Mr. E. H. Wilson, who has definitely 
concluded that the subject of our illustration is the 
autumn-flowering variety of P. subhirtella, Miq., figured 
at t. 7508 of this work. The confusion as to the identity 
of this tree is shown by the involved nomenclature 
quoted by Mr. Bean. This confusion appears to have 
resulted from the variable shape of the receptacle which 
while usually funnel-shaped or tubular may be campanu- 
late or even tumid below the middle. This variability 
is largely dependent on the degree of " doubleness " in 
the flower. Coming into blossom as it does in October 
and bearing delightfully fragrant flowers which continue 
to appear until December, this tree forms a charming 
accession to our flora. The figure given was prepared 
m October, 1916, while the tree was still in leaf, and was 
then as gay as any spring-flowering cherry. At Kew it 
does not flower so freely during the two latter months 
when the leaves have fallen ; this, however, is perhaps 
only because weather conditions are then usually more 
inclement. According to Wilson this variety in Japan 
does sometimes, like the typical P. subhirtella, produce 
flowers in April, although even then it does so sparingly ; 
at Hew it has not, so far, produced any flowers in spring. 

vvh^n S vnnZ 0N, ~T ree i°J bU8h 7 habit ' 10 - 20 ft - h[ S h > branchlets pubescent 
rnnnrM £ K ' *% J gIabrous b ? autumn. Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 
thP ?PPfi broadly cuneate at the base, acuminate, serrate, sometimes biserrate, 

surface, vW 1PPe ?' It 8 * Q> long ' J" 1 * in " wide/pubescent on both 
S.3 p^g. becoming bright green and glabrescent above, dull green 
near tL' h!l , Vi* ^i Y S ' P" be8cent > with one or two conspicuous glands 
Jhorf eafv ?l n + b L ade " Fa i cideS axillar y' 1-3-nowered, appearing on 

Flo wer LZT+ m i ^ t0ber ' °i ° n th f naked sh00ts in November and December. 
bvarwif' l~S ^ W V de: pedicela M * in - IoD g- ^rrounded at the base 
furr^hprfw V ?? m ?™ bran °us scales, slightly pilose or glabrous, often 

unne] IS* *?* ?£ T^H With 0ne or two lacin ^ ^acts. Receptacle 
WeoiSl 5 *?*?*'» glabrOUS ° r sli S h % Pilose. Sepals 5, ovate- 
nink ct^Tt f Sl&h ? T ' * in ' l0ng - Petah 10 to 15 (5 in the type), pale 
S?ameZ ™ °7^' 1 [ UnCate to acute and anally notched at tne apex, 

antrer^l U ^ the filaments glabrous and half as long as the petals; 
Si. °™n/ ovoxd, slightly pilose towards the summit style 
slightly overtopping the stamens, glabrous. Fruit not seen. 

sJtf™ 8 I?'~ F . ig / *' \ &Se of leaf ' showi "g glands ; 2, a flower in vertical 
^dargcd V Pi8til removed ' 3 aQd 4, anthers; 5, pistil :-all 

81 M 

Vincent Brooks .D ay& S o i 

L Reeve &.C?L on don 

Tab. 8734. 
MEGACARPAEA polyandra. 


Cruciferae. Tribe Thlaspideae. 
Megacarpaea, DC. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 91. 

Megacarpaea polyandra, Benth. ex Madden in Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 1855, 
p. 41 ; Strach. et Winterb. ex Benth. in Hook. Kew Journ. vol. vii. p. 353, 
tt. 7, 8 ; Hook. f. et Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. v. p. 176 ; Hook. f. 
et T. And. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 161 ; Gard. Chron. 1892, vol. xii! 
p. 17, fig 4 et 1916, vol. lix. p. 255, fig. 107, 108 ; species M. bifidae, Benth. 
affinis, foliorum segmentis dentatis et siliquarum forma distincta. 

Herba perennis, radice versus collum ad vel ultra 13 cm. crassa, caulibus saepe 
pluribus e collo ortis cum inflorescentiis ad 2 m. altis, robustis. Folia 
basalia pinnatisecta, ultra 0-75 m. longa, segmentis utrinque 8-9 lanceo- 
latis acuminatis varie serrato-dentatis vel denticulatis, subtus sparse 
molliter pubescentibus vel subglabris, eaulinis similibus nisi minoribus 
segmentisque paucioribus vel summis integris lineari-lanceolatis. Inflores- 
ccntia ampla, paniculata, rhachi ramis pedicellisque magis minusve villo- 
sulis ; pedicelli ad 1 • 5 cm. longi. Sepala late elliptica, obtusissima, 
5 mm. longa, membranacea, albida. Petala obovata, sepala aequantia, 
crenulata, luteo-albida. Glandulae tot quot stamina, virides, ad filamen- 
torum bases. Stamina 8-15, filamentis crassiusculis petalis fere aequi- 
longis, antheris 1*5 mm. longis. Ovarium lateraliter compressum, ambitu 
fere orbiculare ; stigma capitatum, subsessile. Siliqua juvenilis orbicularis, 
emarginata, mox distincte et saepissime inaequaliter biloba, lobis alatis, 
matura fuscescens, saepe lobo uno parvo hebetato altcro orbiculari ad 
2'5 cm. diametro ala 8 mm. lata inclusa. Semen unicum, ambitu 
ellipticum, applanatum, 1 cm. longum, radicula accumbcnte.— 0. Stapf. 

The genus Megacarpaea is widely spread in Asia from the 
Caspian Sea to Western China, and from the Altai range 
to the Western Himalaya. It includes some seven 
species, one of which, M. bifida, Benth., confined to 
Kashmir, and a second, M: polyandra, Benth., now figured, 
occurring both in Kashmir and Kamaon, deviate remark- 
ably in the number and disposition of their stamens from 
the arrangement characteristic of the natural family 
Cruciferae to which the genus belongs. The presence of 
the genus in the Himalaya was first ascertained by 
Dr. H. Falconer, who obtained flowering specimens of 
Jf. polyandra in Kashmir in 1838. Specimens, in leaf 

November, 1917. 

only, were obtained by Mr. J. E. Winterbottom in the 
same province in 1847. In 1848 it was gathered for the 
first time in Kamaon, in flower, by (Captain afterwards 
General Sir) R. Strachey ; and in 1849 it was met with 
also in Kamaon by Colonel E. Madden in flower in 
May and June, in fruit during September and October. 
Since then it has been met with in Kashmir by Dr. J. E. 
T. Aitchison, and in both provinces by Mr. J. F. Duthie 
who gathered it, in flower, in Kamaon in 1886, and, in 
fruit, in Kashmir in 1892. For the introduction of the 
species to this country, horticulture is indebted to Colonel 
Madden, by whom seeds were sent to Glasnevin in 1849. 
The plant raised there by Mr. D. Moore throve well and 
grew to a great size, but did not flower until 1855. 
Plants raised from seed subsequently introduced flowered 
in 1889 in the garden of Sir J. D. Hooker at the Camp, 
Sunningdale, and in 1892, under the care of Mr. F. 
Burbidge, in that of Trinity College, Dublin. At Kew 
and at Cambridge, on the other hand, where plants were 
grown for many years, M. poly and >a never produced 
flowers. The same was the case with two other plants, 
received from Kew, which grew for many years in the 
garden of the late Canon Ellacombe, at Bitton. In 
1908 the Bitton plants were transferred to the garden of 
Mr. G. H. Wollaston, Flaxley Cottage, Flax Bourton, 
where at last one of them flowered in 1916. The material 
for our illustration was kindly supplied by Mr. Wollaston 
from this plant, which has thriven quite well in a 
herbaceous border in ordinary soil and with no special 
treatment. After flowering the plant died down, but 
recovered itself in the following spring. The nearest 
ally of M. polyandra is M. bifida. But while the two 
share the peculiarity of possessing more than six stamens 
they are readily distinguished by their leaves, the 
segments of which are toothed in M. polyandra, quite 
entire in M. bifida; and by their fruits, usually unequally 
lobed and never deeply divided in M. polyandra, almost 
always equally lobed and always very deeply divided in 
M. bifida. They share further the peculiarity of shy and 
erratic flowering ; in the case of M. bifida, indeed, which 
has long been in cultivation at Kew, there is no record 
as yet of its having flowered in this country. In the 

Himalaya M. polyandra occurs on the open downs above 
the tree-limit at elevations of 10,000-13,000 feet; as 
late as 1872 it was believed that M. bifida, which has been 
gathered at elevations of under 8,000 feet, was confined 
to a lower zone. This is now known not to be the case ; 
M. bifida was collected by Dr. Giles, in 1885, at 12,000 
feet above sea-level in Kashmir. The roots of M. poly- 
andra, which is known to the mountaineers of Kamaon 
as the Rugi, are pounded and eaten as a condiment ; in 
Kashmir the leaves are used as a vegetable. 

Description. — Herb, perennial ; root 4-5 in. thick at the crown, giving off 
several stout stems which, when in flower, are 6-8 ft. high. Leaves pinnati- 
sect ; basal 2£ ft. long, segments about 8-9 on each side, lanceolate, 
acuminate, serrate- dentate or denticulate, sparingly softly pubescent or nearly 
glabrous beneath ; cauline similar but smaller, with fewer segments or the 
uppermost entire and linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence very large, panicled, the 
rachis, branches and pedicels more or less finely hairy ; pedicels up to § in. long. 
Sepals wide-elliptic, quite obtuse, \ in. long, membranous, white. Petals 
obovate, as large as the sepals, crenulate, yellowish-white. Glands at the base 
of the filaments as many as the stamens, green. Stamens 8-15, filaments 
rather stout, almost as long as the petals ; anthers small. Ovary compressed 
laterally, almost orbicular in outline ; stigma capitate, nearly sessile. Siliqua 
when young orbicular, emarginate, soon distinctly but usually unequally 
2-lobed ; lobes winged, when ripe tawny, often with one small dull-green lobe 
and with the other orbicular, 1 in. across, including the J in. wide wing. Seed 
solitary, elliptic in outline, flattened, f in. long ; radicle accumbent. 

Tab. 8734. — Fig. 1, flower-bud; 2, flower ; 3, stamens and pistil ; 4, anther ; 
5, sketches of entire plant, from a photograph : — all enlarged except 5, which is 
much reduced. 


Tab. 8735. 
PRIMULA nutans. 



Primula, Linn, ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 631. 

Primula (§ Soldanelloides) nutans, Delavay ex Franch. in Bull. Soc Bot 
™ ' ™\ XXxi jy>- 6 , 9 ( 1886 )5 Pa * in ^ngl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. x.p. 193 
(issy) ; Forbes etHcmsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xxvi. p. 40 (1889) • 
Pax et Knuth, Primulaceae, p. 94 (1905); Balf. f. in Journ. Boy. Hort 
Soc vol. xxxix p. 153 (1913) ; affinis P. penduliflorae, Franch., aed foliia 
duplo repando-denticulatia anguatioribua differt. 

Herba ut videtur monocarpica, usque ad 30 cm. alta, basi leviter fibrosa. Folia 
petiolata, elliptico-oblanceolata, apice obtuaissiina vel rotundata, basi in 
petiolum late alatum senaim attenuata, 6-15 cm. longa, 3-8-5 cm lata 
duplo repando-denticulata, tenuiter chartacea vel membranacea, utrmque 
breviter et mollisslme pubeacentia ; nervi laterales utrinsecua 8-10, a costa 
sub angulo 4o abeuntea, utrinque prominuli ; petioli 8-4 cm. lonjn late 
membranaceo-alati. Flore* 6-10, nutantes, in capitulum longe pedun- 
cuJatum dispositi, sessiles ; pedunculi apicem versus albo-farinosif foliia 
duplo longiores. Calyx late campanulatus ; tubus 5 mm. loneus, viridis 
extra albo-pulverulentus, lobia late ovatia acutis 2-6 mm. longis 2 mm! 
latia. Corolla violacea ; tubus cylindricus, 0' 75-1 cm. longus, extra albo- 
pulverulentus, m limbum 5dobatum circiter 2 cm. diametro expansus, 
lobis ovato-orbicularibus circiter 7 mm. diametro apice inter dentes duos 
minutos mucronulatis. Antherae infra tubi medium insertae, late ovoideae, 
1-5 mm. longae. Stylus 7 mm. longus, stigmate depresso-capitato.— 
.J. Hutchinson. * 

The charming Primula here described and figured is a 
denizen of woodlands at higli altitudes in Yunnan, where 
it was originally discovered by the late Abbe Delavay, 
by whom it was named P. nutans. Its introduction to 
our gardens we owe to Mr. G. Forrest, by whom seeds 
were obtained and transmitted to Mr. J. C. Williams, 
Caerhays Castle, Cornwall. The plant figured was raised 
from seed presented to Kew by Mr. Williams in 1915. 
The species is a member of the section distinguished by 
Professor Bayley Balfour as Soldanelloides, and is not 
easily distinguished from another described later by 
Mr. Franchet as P. penduliflora, of which our material is 
not altogether adequate. The two appear to differ as 

November, 1917. 

regards foliage, the leaves of P. pendulijlora being only 
simply dentate with the teeth more distant. The section 
includes several beautiful Himalayan species, most of 
which are in cultivation, and all of which have rather 
few nodding or reflexed sessile flowers arranged in more 
or less globose heads. Among these may be mentioned 
P. Reidii, Duthie, figured in this work at t. 6961, and 
P. Wattii, King, figured at t. 8456. The representative 
species of the section is taken by Professor Balfour to be 
P. spicata, Franch. At Kew P. nutans has grown well 
and flowered freely in the Rock Garden and also in pots 
in a cold frame. It is evidently quite hardy. It pro- 
duces good seeds, but perishes after flowering. 

Description. — Herb, in cultivation monocarpic, up to 1 ft. high ; base some- 
what fibrous. Leaves petioled, elliptic -oblanceolate, quite obtuse or rounded 
at the tip, gradually narrowed downwards with a broad winged petiole, 
2^-6 in. long, 1J-1£ in. wide, doubly repand - toothed, thinly papery or 
membranous, shortly softly hairy on both surfaces ; lateral nerves 8-10 along 
each side of the midrib, which they leave at an angle of 45°, raised on both 
surfaces; petiole li-lj in. long, with broad membranous wings. Flowers 
6-10, nodding, sessile, crowded in a long-stalked head ; scape white-mealy 
towards the top, twice as long as the leaves. Calyx wide-campanulate ; tube 
\ in. long, green, white-mealy outside, lobes wide-ovate, acute, J* in. long, 
T V in. wide. Corolla violet ; tube cylindric, f-f in. long, white-mealy outside, 
expanding into a 5-lobed limb about # in. across, with ovate-orbicular lobes 
over \ in. aoross, which are mueronulate at the apex between two small teeth. 
Anthers inserted below the middle of the tube, wide-ovoid, J* in. Ion". Style 
over \ in. long ; stigma depressed-capitate. 

Tab 8735— Fig 1, part of a leaf ; 2, calyx and pistil ; 3, corolla, laid open ; 
4 and 5, antheft ; 6, pistil :— all enlarged. 


MS.del . . 

Vincent BrooKs. 


Tab. 8736. 


Ericaceae. Tribe Ehodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et HooTi. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron Fargesii, Franch. in Journ. de Bot. vol. ix. p. 390 (1895) ; 
Seoul et E. H. Wile, in Kew Bulletin, 1910, p. 109; Gard, Chron. 1912, 
vol. Ii. p. 252, et vol. Hi. p. 4, fig. 4 ; Behder et E. H. Wilt, in Sargent, PL 
Wilson, vol. i. p. 540 (1913); Bean, Trees d Shrubs, vol. ii. p. 354 
(1914) ; species affinis B. erubescenti, Hutchinson, seel filamentis glabrifl 

Frutex yalde ramosus ; rami nitidi, glabri ; ramuli hornotini brevissimi, pur- 
purei, parce glanduloso-lepidoti. Folia pauca, oblonga vel oblongo-elliptica, 
utrinque rotundata vel basi subcordata, apice minute mucronata, 5-12 cm. 
longa, 2 ■ 5-4 cm. lata, tenuiter coriacea, glabra, infra reticulata, pallidiora ; 
neryi laterales tenuissimi, numerosi, marginem versus ramosi ct evanidi ; 
petioli usque ad 2 cm. longi, purpurascentes. Flores 6-7, umbellati ; 
perulae late ovatae, ciliatae, extra glabrae ; pedicelli breves, vix 1 cm. 
longi, pilis brevibus apice glandulosis dense induti. Calyx brevissimus, 
undulatus, extra glanduloso-pubescens. Corolla alabastro coccinea demum 
rosea, late infundibuliformis, 6-7-loba ; tubus 3-3 "5 cm. longus, extra 
glaber; lobi suborbiculares, erecto-patentes, 1-5-2 cm. lati. Stamina 
circiter 14, paullo exserta; filamenta glabra; antherae purpurascentes, 
3 mm. longae. Ovarium circiter 8-loculare, plerumque pilis paucis glandu- 
losis instructum ; stylus staminibus paullo longior, coccineus, glaber, 
stigmate lobulato coronatus. Capsula haud visa. — J. Hutchinson. 

The charming Rhododendron here figured is a native of 
China, where it is common in the mountains of Eastern 
Szechuan and Western Hupeh. It was originally 
discovered near Tchen-keou-tin, in the former province, 
by Farges, in whose honour it was named /?. Fdrgtsii 
by Franchet in 1895. It was met with again in the latter 
province by Mr. E. H. Wilson, in 1901, when collecting 
on behalf of Messrs. Veitch. In Western Hupeh, Wilson 
found it to be abundant in the upper woodlands, never 
occurring at elevations below 6,000 feet. The species 
was raised in their Coo m be Wood nursery by Messrs. 
Veitch from seed supplied by Wilson, and the material 
for our plate has been obtained from a plant purchased 

November, 1917. 

for Kew from Messrs. Veitch in 1913. At Kew it is not 
a very leafy or free-growing shrub, and although it is 
apparently hardy enough to withstand frosts as severe 
as those experienced during the winter of 1916-17, it 
thrives much better in the south-western counties. 
Blossoming as it does in April, its flowers are liable to 
damage by late frosts, a disadvantage which it shares 
with many other Chinese species of the genus. "When 
seen at its best B. Fargesii is very pleasing in the soft 
colouring of its blossoms which, according to Wilson, 
vary m their native woods from deep rosy red to nearly 
or quite white. Its nearest ally is R. erubescens, Hutchin- 
son figured at t. 8463 of this work, but it is readily 
distinguished from that species by its perfectly glabrous 
filaments The nearest Himalayan species is R. campylo- 
carpum Hook, i, a denizen of high altitudes in Sikkim, 
figured at t. 4968 of this work, which differs in having 
yellow flowers and slightly pulverulent leaves. 

twk?2£?£r ^f' brancl i in g freel y ! branches glabrous, polished ; young 
ob ion. o?elUntt Sff ' ^fS ^f^ With g landular scaies - *~~ *«£ 

Tin Ion* it mg ^ d becom ^g obsolete near the margin ; petiole up to 
wide mate P S *ul "1 umbellate 6-7-flowered trusses; bud-scales 

Sll^tthedwth St rian e ?t e inn ^L P^V^' about'x in. long, 
pubescent outside its rmrf „ t vf r 7/ ^ T y sh ° rt ' g lan(3ular - 
coloured, ^^ei^%^^. C ^ ^V^ ^ngth rose- 
lobes nearly orbicular MohnJ B ~ V- tUD ® t*? 1 3 m - long, glabrous outside; 

Tap RT^lft "c 1 * i 
Pistil;' 8 anT4 18 Btii?n? i0 ? °J 3 leaf ' showin 8 the venation; 2, calyx and 
cnlargrd. ' Btaiaeus ' 6 . anther; 6, transverse section of ovary:- «W 




Tab. 8737. 
SARCOCHILUS solomonensis. 

Solomon Islands. 

Orchid aceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Sarcochilus, B. Br. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 575. 

Sarcochilus solomonensis, Bolfe in Kew Bulletin 1908, p. 72; species a 
8. Engleriano, Kraenzl., loins latioribus, flonbus majonbus, labelh 
calcare oblongo et disco cristato distincta. 

Herla epiphytica, habitu Phalaenopseos ; caulis brevis, erectus Foliadistich*, 
recurva, oblonga, obtusa vel oblique et brevissime bidentata, 20-25 cm. 
longa 5-6 cm. lata. Scapi axillares, suberecti vel arcuati, interdum sub- 
penduli 30-35 cm. longi ; racemi subdensi, rnultinon ; bracteae patentee, 
triangulari-ovatae, acuminatae, 2-3 mm. longae, basi concavae ; pedicelh 
patentes, graciles, 1-5 cm. longi. Flores gilvi, brunneo-punctati. Sepala 
subpatentia, obovata, obtusa, 1-2-1 "6 cm. longa, basi cuneato-attenuata. 
Petala subpatentia, sepalis subaequalia. Labellum brevissime ungmcu- 
latum, 3-lobum, 0-6-0 8 cm. longum, ungue linean, lobis laterahbus sub- 
patentibus oblongis obtusis vel minute dentatis, lobo intermedio minuto 
quadrate apice denticulate, disco cristato, calcare erecto oblongo obtuso. 
Columna oblonga, circiter 2 mm. longa. Polhnia 2, obovoidea ; stipes 
clavato -oblonga J glandula squamiformis.— B. A. Eolfe. 

The interesting Sarcochilus here figured was originally 
described from herbarium material accompanied by a 
photograph of an entire plant communicated to Kew by 
Mr CM Woodford from Tulagi, in the Solomon Islands, 
in which archipelago he reported the species to be 
common. Subsequently a living plant was brought 
from the archipelago to England by Sir Eyerard im 
Thurn, and presented to Kew in September, 1910. Here 
it has been grown in a tropical house, in company with 
various members of the genus Phalaenopsis, to some of 
which our plant, when out of bloom, bears a considerable 
resemblance. Like these it thrives remarkably well 
under conditions of great heat and moisture, with dense 
shade during bright weather. Under these conditions it 
flowered in June, 1916, when the figure here supplied 
was prepared. Though so like a PMaerwpns m habit, 
the plant differs greatly in its inflorescence and floral 

November, 1937. 

structure from any member of that genus. The flowers 
Of b. solomonemis, as is the case with many members of 
the genus barcochilm are singularly fugacious, but after a 
short interval another crop of bloom is borne by the 
same inflorescence. The genus has a wide range in 
houth-eastern Asia and extends from India to North 

starlet™ "LlatlkZt^ in ha J b \ , resemblta S » PhO^mopri.; stem 
2-tootteTai *3£ 7 n ZeTvlt^t'T ° r ,? bliqne 4" sli « h "y 

obo^ate, obtte » i Ul £ w^, ^7? 8p ° tS ' i^ aZs somewhat spreading, 
what spread^' 15* a J ffi ZTffi nMr ? we \ at th ^ base. Petals somS 
H in lonF claw near S! "n SepalS ' .** shortl y clawe <3, 3-lobed, 
or minutely to E mi Intl lo bes somewhat spreading, oblong, obtuse 
crested; S p U erec t £', I^^'if^' toothed at the «P .' ** 

5,2S^rfi^tefj^5 2, part of lip; 3, anther-cap ; 4,pollinia; 
an entire plant .-all enlarged except 5, which is much reduced. 

87 3H 


Vine tat Brooks. Day& Soni.l 

L, Reeve StCPLondon 

Tab. 8738. 

Tropical America. 


Sechium, P. Br. ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 837 ; Cogn. in 
DC. Hon. Phan. vol. iii. p. 900. 

Sechium edule, Sw. Fl. Ind. Occ. vol. ii. p. 1150; Willd. Spec. PL vol. iv. 
p. 427 ; Griseb. Fl. Brit. West Ind. p. 236 ; Naudin in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 
iv. vol. xviii. p. 205 ; Gard. Chron. 1865, p. 51, cum icon, (fr.) et 1900, vol. 
xxviii. p. 450, cum icon. ; A. S[mith] in Treas. Bot. vol. ii. p. 1044 ; Cogn. 
in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. vi. pars iv. p. 110, t. 35 et I.e. p. 901 ; Kew Bull. 
1887, Aug., pp. 6-9 et 1896, p. 128; Agr. Gaz. New South Wales, vol. iv. 
(1893), p. 416, t. 28 ; Cooke in U.S. Dep. Agric. Bull. 28 (1901), pp. 1-31, 
tt. 1-8 ; Agr. Prat, de Pays Chauds, vol. vii. pars ii. p. 5, tt. I. & II. ; 
B. I. Lynch in Garden, 1917, vol. lxxxi. p. 309, cum icon. ; species unica. 

Frutex monoicus, alte scandens, caule ultra 10 cm. diametro, ramis sulcatis 
glabris laevibus. Folia membranacea, rotundato-cordata, sinu lato vel 
angusto et profundo, 3-5-angulato-lobata, lobis integris vel rarius minute 
denticulatis, intermedio acuminato, ad 25 cm. lata, supra scabra, subtua 
praeter nervos venasque laevia ; petiolus glaber, laevis, ad 15 cm. longus. 
Cirrhi glabri, ad 5-6 cm. indivisi, deinde plerumque 3-fidi. Flores tf 
racemosi; racemi pedunculo nudo ad 30 cm. longo suffulti, congesti 
brevesque vel in fasciculos varie distantes soluti; pedicelli perbreves, 
albo-hirtelli. Beceptaculum hemisphaericum, haud altum, extra sub- 
glabrum. Sepala lineari-subulata vel subulata, circiter 3 mm. longa. 
Corolla fere 5-partita, segmentis ovatis acutis 5-6 mm. longis albo-flavidis. 
Columna staminalis 1-1 • 5 mm. longa; antberae liberae, 2-2 5 mm. 
longae, una 1-locularis, caeterae 2-loculares, loculia sigmatoideis. 
Flores $ solitarii vel bini, passim cum d" racemis ex eadem axilla orti, 
breviter pedunculati, floribus d quoad calycem corollamque similes. 
Ovarium inferum, obovoideum, apice subito in collum tenue breve con- 
strictum, leviter 5-sulcatum, saepe hirtellum. Stylus 2-3 mm. longus ; 
stigma depresso-capitatum. Fructus magnus, magis minusve pyriformis, 
carnosus, profunde sulcatus, laevis vel spinulis mollibus echinatus. 
Semen 1, ovatum, compressum ; testa liguosa, laevis. Embryo coty- 
ledonibus carnosis, saepe germinans dum fructu inclusus. — S. americanum, 
Poir. in Lam. Encycl. Meth. vol. vii. p. 156. Sicyos eduhs, Jacq. N. 
Carib. p. 32 ; Select. Stirp. Amer. p. 258, t. 163. Chayota eduhs, Jacq. 
Select. Stirp. Amer. ed. pict. vol. ii. t. 245. Cucumis acutamjulus, 
Descourt. Fl. Antill. vol. v. p. 94, tab. 328, excl. syn. ; non Linn.— 
O. Stapf. 

The interesting Cucurbitaceous plant, Sechium edule, 
which forms the subject of our illustration, is known 
from Mexico southwards to Panama as the Chayote, a- 

December, 1917. 

name modified in the West Indies to Chocho. One of 
the cultivated plants of American origin unknown in a 
wild state, we owe the earliest European account of it to 
Hernandez, who in the sixteenth century found it used 
as a vegetable in Mexico. It is not mentioned by Sloane 
as a crop in Jamaica at the close of the seventeenth 
century. From P. Browne, however, we learn of its 
presence and of the use both of its fruits and its root in 
Jamaica by the middle of the eighteenth century, while 
according to Grisebach it had, by the middle of the 
nineteenth century, become naturalised there in thickets. 
Its cultivation has nOw extended to Louisiana, to some 
of the Atlantic and of the Pacific Islands, to Southern 
Europe and Northern Africa, to the East Indies and to 
Australia. In its new homes it is known, according to 
its source, now by its West Indian, now by the Mexican 
name. In suitable climates the Chayote is not difficult 
to grow. It is not fastidious as to soil, but requires 
shelter, as it is susceptible to injury from wind, and must 
be provided with support because, in the Tropics, it 
thrives poorly if left to trail on the ground. The 
perennial root, which resembles a Yam, enables it to be 
cultivated in regions liable to frosts, provided these are 
not so severe as to affect the soil. Where the ground is 
frozen in winter, however, it needs greenhouse conditions, 
and in this country is only to be met with in conserva- 
tories capable of supplying sufficient room for its develop- 
ment. Under such circumstances its vigorous growth 
and its ornamental leaves render it a striking object. 
For the material for our figure we are indebted to 
Mr. R. I. Lynch, by whom it has been supplied from a 
plant which flowered and fruited at the Cambridge 
Botanic Garden in 1916. Like many other economic 
species, the Chayote exhibits a considerable degree of 
variation in shape of leaf, length and density of raceme, 
indumentum and length of neck of ovary, as well as in 
form, colour and armature of fruit. It is not at present 
possible to estimate the significance or taxonomic value 
of this variability. The germination of the solitary 
seed presents some features of interest. At maturity the 
seed is enclosed in the fruit, but prior to germination it 
grows so that the tips of the cotyledons extend further 

towards the base of the fruit while the hypocotyl emerges 
from the apex and emits several rootlets. As these 
rootlets find their way into the soil the stem arises from 
between the cotyledons ; the enlargement of the root 
does not take place until the second year. In Mexico 
advantage is taken of this peculiarity, and the seed is 
allowed to germinate before the fruit is planted. 

Description.— Shrub, monoecious, climbing extensively ; stem over 4 in. 
thick ; branches sulcate, smooth, glabrous. Leaves membranous, up to 
10 in. across, rounded cordate, sinus sometimes broad, at others deep and 
narrow, margin angularly 3-5-lobed, the lobes entire or occasionally finely 
toothed, middle lobe acuminate, scabrid above, smooth except on the nerves 
and veins beneath; petiole smooth, glabrous, up to 6 in. long. Tendrils 
glabrous, 2-2^ in. long, simple below, then usually 3-fid. Male flowers 
racemose ; peduncle up to 1 ft. long ; racemes short and dense or broken up 
into irregularly disposed fascicles ; pedicels very short, beset with short white 
hairs. Beceptacle hemispherical, short, almost glabrous outside. Sepals 
linear- subulate or subulate, about £ in. long. Corolla nearly 5-partite ; 
segments ovate, acute, \-\ in. long, pale-yellowish. Staminal column very 
short ; anthers free, t^ A in - l° n g> one 1-celled, the others 2-celled, the cells 
sigmoid. Female flowers solitary or in pairs, here and there in company with 
the male racemes, with calyx and corolla as in the males. Ovary inferior, 
obovoid, abruptly narrowed at the tip into a thin short neck, slightly 5-grooved, 
often hirtellous. Style J ? -| in. long ; stigma depressed-capitate. Fruit large, 
more or less pyriform, fleshy, deeply grooved, smooth or beset with soft spinules. 
Seed solitary, ovate, compressed ; testa woody, smooth. Embryo with fleshy 
cotyledons, often germinating in the fruit. 

Tab. 8738. — Fig. 1, male flower; 2, stamens; 3, female flower, sepals and 
petals removed ; 4, ovary, in vertical section ; 5, fruit, a portion removed to 
show seed germinating in situ ; 6, embryo : — all enlarged except 5 and 6, which 
are of natural size. 


Tab. 8739. 

Western China. 

Oleaceae. Tribe Syeingeae. 
Syringa, Linn. ; Benth. ct HooTi. f. Gen, Plant, vol. ii. p. 675. 

Syringa Wilsonii, Schneider in Sargent, PI. Wilson, vol. i. p. 300 (1912), et 
in Handb. Laubholzk. vol. ii. p. 1064 ; species S. tomentellae, Bur. et 
Franch., arete affinis sed foliis supra mox glabris subtus nisi secus nervos 
glabris apte distinguenda. 

Frutex 2 • 5-6-metralis ; ramuli juniores glabri, lenticellis pallidis sparse notati; 
gemmae terminales glabrescentes, ad 8 mm. longae. Folia decidua, 
elliptic* vel ovatfe, acuminata, basi nunc late nunc anguste cuneata, 
3 '7-10 cm. longa, 2 "5-5 "5 cm. lata, primum ciliata, supra saturate viridia 
mox glaberrima, subtus pallidiora secus costam nervosque pubescentia ; 
petiolus 6-12 mm. longus, pubescens. Panicula terminalis ad 20 cm. 
usque longa, 10-15 cm. lata, glabra vel parce pubescens foliis perpaucia 
basi ornata. Flores numerosissimi, odorati. Calyx cupularis, 1-5 mm. 
longus latusque, glaber, margine truncatus vel minutissime dentatus. 
Corolla pallide lilacina, 9 mm. longa, basi tubulosa; limbus 4-lobus, lobi 
ovati utrinque glabri. Stamina 2, parte superiore tubi corollae affixa ; 
filamenta perbrevia ; antherae oblongae, luteae. Capsula fusiformis, acuta, 
1'5 cm. longa, lenticellata, glabra. — W. J. Bean. 

Syringa Wilsonii is undoubtedly a very close ally of 
S. tomentella, Bureau & Franchet, and it is difficult to 
point to any character of essential importance to distin- 
guish them except the markedly pubescent character of 
the latter. Both leaf surfaces in S. tomentella are pube- 
scent, the lower one almost velvety; the main and 
secondary axes of the panicle, as well as the pedicels 
and calyx, are also pubescent. We have not seen the 
fruit of S. tomentella, but that of S. Wilsonii at Kew 
is perfectly glabrous. Mr. E. H. Wilson discovered this 
lilac on the mountains near Tachien-lu in Western 
Szechuan, China, when collecting for Harvard University 
in 1908. S. tomentella was collected by Mr. A. E. Pratt 
in the same district about twenty years earlier and at 
about the same elevations, viz. 8,000-10,500 feet. The 
plant from which the material for our plate was gathered 

December, 1917. 

was presented to Kew in 1910 by Professor Sargent. It 
has flowered for several years past, usually about the 
beginning of June. At that season it makes a charming 
picture, all the more so because it comes into bloom 
after the flowers of the race of common lilacs have faded. 
It likes a loamy moist soil, and may be propagated by 
cuttings or seeds. 

Description. — Shrub, 8-20 ft. high ; young branches glabrous, sprinkled 
thinly with pale lenticels; terminal buds glabrescent, ultimately^ in. long. 
Leaves deciduous, elliptic to ovate, acuminate, broadly to narrowly cuneate 
at the base, lj-4 in. long. 1-2J in. wide, at first ciliate ; dark green and soon 
quite glabrous above, pale beneath and pubescent on the midrib and lower 
veins ; petiole J-£ in. long, pubescent. Panicles terminal, up to 8 in. long and 
4-6 in. wide, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, with a few leaves at the base. 
Flowers very numerous, scented like common lilac, but not so strongly. Calyx 
cup-shaped, ^ in. long and wide, truncate or with a few small teeth, glabrous. 
Corolla pale lilac, § in. long, the base tubular, dividing at the mouth into four 
ovate lobes, glabrous within and without. Stamens 2, affixed to the upper part 
of the corolla tube ; filaments very short ; anthers oblong, yellow. Style 
l~} in. long. Capsule fusiform, acute, -| in. long, lenticellate, glabrous. 

Tab, 8739. — Fig. 1, calyx and pistil; 2, section of calyx, showing ovary and 
style ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, fruit ; 7, seed ; 8, embryo : — 
— all enlarged except 6, which is of natural size. 


MS.dd.jjr Fit A. litk 

Vincent Br ooks.Pay^ SonL ^ 

L Re eve &; C ° L ond on. 

Tab. 8740. 


Obchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Cryptophoranthus, Bodr. ; Gen. et Sp. Orch. Nov. vol. ii. p. 79. 

Cryptophoranthus Dayanus, Rolfe in Gard. Chron. 1887, vol. ii. pp. 692, 
693, fig. 134, et in III. Hort. vol. xxxix. p. 21, t. 146 ; Veitch, Man. Orch. 
pars v. p. 9, cam icon. ; species a caeteris hujus generis floribus maximis 
facile distinguenda. 

Herba epiphytica, circiter 25 cm. alta. Caules aggregati, cylindracei, sub- 
graciles, vaginis spathaceo-oblongis subimbricatis obtecti, monophylli. 
Folia subsessilia, late elliptica vel orbiculari-elliptica, subobtusa, coriacea, 
6-9 cm. longa, 3 • 5-5 "5 cm. lata. Florea axillares, solitarii vel pauci, 
magni, straminei, brunneo-maculati ; bracteae ovatae, apiculatae, 4-5 mm. 
longae ; pedicelli 1-1 ' 5 cm. longi. Sepala elliptico-oblonga, apice et basi 
connata, lateraliter libera, utrinque fenestrata, tubum clausum 3 "5-4 cm. 
longum apice recurvum et apiculatum formantia. Petala ovata, subobtusa, 
circiter 4 nun. longa. Labellum hastato-oblougum, obtusum, 5 mm. 
longum, apice denticulatum, basi tuberculo conico verruculoso instructum. 
Ovarium alatum, alis crispo-undulatis. Columna oblonga, angulata, 
4 mm. longa. Pollinia 2, elliptico - ovoidea. — Masdevallia Dayana, 
Reichb. f. in Gard. Chron. 1880, vol.xiv. p. 295; id. 1884, vol. xxvi. p. 428, 
fig. 86.— E. A. Eolfe. 

The remarkable Orchid here figured is believed to have 
first appeared in cultivation in the collection of Mr. 
Linden. At a sale of his plants an example was acquired 
by the late Mr. J. Day of Tottenham as an undescribed 
Restrepia, believed to be a native of New Granada. This 
plant flowered in Mr. Day's collection in July, 1875, 
and five years later it was described for the first time 
by Professor Reichenbach as Masdevallia Dayana. The 
generic position then assigned to our plant was in 
keeping with that accorded to a near ally from Jamaica 
originally described by Professor Lindley as Specklinia 
atropurpurea, but later redescribed by the same author 
as Masdevallia fenestrata, Lindl. This Jamaican species 
has been figured at t. 4164 of this work where Sir William 
Hooker, who termed it the " Windowed Masdevallia," has 

DSCSKBBK, 1917. 

given a full and clear account of the peculiar appearance 
which its flowers assume. The singular arrangement was 
again very carefully described and discussed by Mr. 
Darwin in 1862, though in this instance that author was 
under the necessity of concluding that " some new and 
curious contrivance has here to be made out," and the 
riddle as to how in this case insects perform the act of 
fertilisation still remains unsolved. The original belief 
that the species here described was a native of Colombia 
was in time confirmed by the receipt of examples sent 
from that country by Mr. G. Wallis to Messrs. James 
Veitch and Sons. The generic position which Reichen- 
bach and Lindley had assigned to this plant and its 
Jamaican congener was felt to be very unsatisfactory, 
and in 1887 the "Window-bearing Orchids," of which 
there were at least eight, were made the subject of 
careful study by Mr. R. A. Rolfe, who then showed that 
both the Jamaican and Colombian species belong to the 
genus Cryptophoranthus, established by Mr. Barbosa- 
Rodriguez, now known to include fourteen described 
species, among which they stand as Cryptophoranthus 
atropurpureus and C. Dayanus respectively. The culti- 
vation of C. Dayanus does not offer any especial difficulty; 
it thrives well in a tropical house under the conditions 
suitable for species of Masderallia. The species is now 
not uncommon in collections ; the plant here figured 
flowered in the Kew collection in October, 1916. 

Description.— Herb epiphytic, about 10 in. high ; stems clustered, cylindric, 
rather slender, clothed with oblong somewhat imbricate spathaceous sheaths, 
1-foliate. Leaves subsessile, wide-elliptic or orbicular-elliptic, rather obtuse, 
coriaceous, 2J-3* in. long, l|-2* in. wide. Flowers axillary, solitary or few, 
large, straw-coloured with brown blotches ; bracts ovate, apiculate, 4-4 in. long j 
pedicels 3- 3 m. long. Sepals elliptio-oblong, free in the middle but connate at 
base and apex so as to form a tube, laterally fenestrate, recurved and apiculate 
at the tip ietals ovate, somewhat obtuse, about i in. long. Lip hastate- 
oblong, obtuse, | in. long, denticulate at the tip and furnished at the base with 
a conical warted tubercle. Ovary winged, the wings crispately wavy. Column 
oblong, angled, i in. long. Pollinia % elliptic-ovoid. 

Tab. S740.— Fig. 1, a flower with the sepals removed; 2, lip and column in 
enlarld position ; 3 ' U P ! 4 » column; 5, anther-cap: 6, pollinia ;-all 



4 V 


Vincent Broofc,Day&S<mIA imp- 

L.Reeve &.C Lci 

Tab. 8741. 
GREVILLEA oleoides. 

New South Wales. 

Proteaceae. Tribe Gbevilleeae. 
Grevillea, B. Br. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 180. 

Grevillea oleoides, Sieb. in Boem. et Schult. Syst. vol. iii. Mant. p. 277 ; 
B. Br. Prot. Nov. p. 17 ; Meisn. in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 853; Bvichb. 
Icon. Exot. t. 104 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 468 ; affinis G. pmticeae, 
E. Br., sed foliis longioribus et plerumque angustioribus, inflorescentiis 
subsessilibus differt. 

Frutex erectus ; ramuli adpresse sericeo-tomentosi, apicem versus foliati. 
Folia inferiora 3-nata, intermedia geminata, superiora solitaria, linearia, 
basin versus sensim attenuata, apice acute apiculata, 6-9 cm. longa, 0"8- 
- 7 cm. lata, supra viridia, minute punctata, infra sericeo-velutina, 
argentea. Bacemi capituliformes, ramulos laterales breves terminantes, 
fere sessiles, circiter 12-flori ; pedicelli 0*5 cm. longi, sericeo-pubescentes. 
Perianthium kermesinum, extra tenuiter sericeum, intus superne dense 
barbatum, tubo 1*2 cm. longo infra limbum o'bliquum revoluto. Anthcrae 
1 mm. longae, subsessiles. Gland ula semiannularis, crassa, carnosa. 
Ovarium stipitatum, glabrum ; stylus longe exsertus, 3 cm. longus, apicem 
versus sensim latior, stigmate oblique orbiculari piano coronatus. — 
Grevillea Seymouriae, Sweet ex Meisn. I.e. 354. — J. Hutchinson. 

The Grevillea here described, G. oleoides, is a native of 
New South Wales, where it is a common shrub in sandy 
places in the bush. The plant from which material for 
our figure was obtained was raised at Kew from seeds 
purchased in 1910 from Messrs. J. Staer and Company, 
Wahroonga, New South Wales. It grows well and 
flowers readily in an ordinary greenhouse under the 
treatment suitable for the nearly allied G. punieea, R. Br., 
figured at t. 6(598 of this work, and like that species is a 
desirable decorative conservatory plant. The charac- 
teristic arrangement of the leaves, in groups of three near 
the bases of the leafy stems, higher up in pairs, near 
the apex solitary, is due to the production of abbreviated 
axillary lateral shoots. In wild specimens the leaves of 
G. oleoides exhibit considerable variation in size, from 
long and rigidly linear with strongly revolute margins to 

December, 1917. 

broadly linear or oblanceolate. The forms with broad 
leaves approach very closely indeed to G. punicea, and 
when the plant is not in flower the only obvious differ- 
ence lies in the greater length of the leaves in G. oleoides. 
In flower the two species are more readily separated, 
the inflorescence of G. oleoides being nearly sessile. 

Description.— Shrub, erect ; twigs clothed with appressed silky hairs, leafy 
towards the top. Leaves linear, gradually narrowed to the base, apex 
sharply apiculate, 2£-3£ in. long, $-| in. wide, green above, finely punctate, 
silvery silky-tomentose beneath ; uppermost leaves solitary, those lower down 
the twig in groups of 2-3. Racemes congested at the tips of short lateral 
twigs, almost sessile, about 12-flowered ; pedicels \ in. long, silky-pubescent. 
Perianth bright carmine, thinly silky outside, densely bearded towards the top 
within, tube £ in. long, revolute below the oblique limb. Anthers short, sub- 
sessile. Qland semi-annular, thick, fleshy. Ovary stipitate, glabrous; style 
far exserted, l\ in. long, gradually thickened towards the apex, crowned by 
the oblique flat orbicular stigma. 

Tab. 8741.— Fig. 1, flower; 2, branched hair; 3, section of lower portion of 
the perianth, showing ovary and gland ; 4, limb of perianth and anther ; 
5, anther seen from behind: — all enlarged.