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pants <rf tfje l^oijai iUntantc Caroms of $\eto, 






{Or Vol. CXLII. of tlie Whole Work.) 

" Disposing well 
The gay diversities of leaf and flower." 


L. REEVE & CO., LTD., 

Publishers to the Home, Colonial, and Indian Governments, 


[All rights reserved.'] 





K.C.M.G., CLE., J.P., F.R.S., LL., Ph. & Sc.D., 


Botanical Magazine, 

the value op which he has singe 

further enhanced 

~" bt the contribution to its pages 

op subjects from his garden 

at the ferns, witcombe, 

this volume 
is gratefully dedicated. 

Kew, December 1, 1916. 


To Vol. XII. of the Fourth Series, or Vol. CXLII. 
of the whole Work. 

8691 Abies cephalonica. 
8678 Acacallis cyanea. 
8658 Alnus cordata 
8663 Aloe arborescens, var. na- 

8651 Alpinia Elwesii. 
8653 Androsace coccinea. 
8650 Aristolochia Lawrenceae. 
8687 Artanema longifolium 
8670 Brachystelma oianthum. 

8682 Callicarpa Giraldiana. 
8666 Campanula Zoysii. 

8652 Chamaedorea nana. 

8644 Chrysanthemum foenicu- 

8668 Cirrhopetalum concinnum, 

var. purpurea. 
8686 Clematis afoliata. 
8855 „ Pavoliniana. 
8685 Cytisus monspessulanus. 

8661 „ ratisbonensis. 

8683 Dendrobium Palpebrae. 
8642 Eria ornata. 

8662 ,, tomentosa. 
8646 Eucharis Lowii. 

8656 Euonymus Bungeanus. 
8673 Euphorbia Caput-Medusae. 
8 645 Funkia lancifolia, var. tardi- 

8689 Huntleya citrina. 

8648 Lobelia Holstii. 
8677 Lonicera tatarica. 
8657 Lupinus Chamissonis. 
8674a Mesembryanthemum trans- 

8674b Mesembryanthemum tuber- 

8667 Paeonia Willmottiae. 

8671 Pandanus furcatus. 
8660 Pentstemon rupicola. 

8665 Ehododendron charianthum. 
8659 „ decorum. 

8643 ,, erubescens. 

8669 „ Hanceanum. 

8649 „ hypoglaucum. 

8675 „ monosematum. 
8688 Eosa cerasocarpa. 

8679 „ Davidii. 

8690 Sanguisorba obtusa, var. 

8664 Saxegothaea conspicua. 
8647 Sophora macrocarpa. 
8654 Sophrolaelia Psyche. 
8681 Stapelia Gettleffii. 
8684 Telopea oreades. 

8680 Thuranthos macranthum. 

8676 Ursinia cakilefolia. 

8672 Viburnum betulifolium. 

No. 133/ 


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JN, C.M.G., CLE., LL.D., F.l 

Qtrcftor, fiotial 33ata:a 


CONTENTS OF No. 133, JANUARY, 1916. 





'a., with 228 plates, 1 
-•graphical Disti: ■. 
and good Inti 

X.6 6s, 
£4 IGs. 


e Account of the Lepidoptera of the Indian 
By F. MOORE and Col. C. SWINHOE. 

, each Jt9 5s. 




es, 11 in. by 8} in. j^j I2s 


a Keeling-Cocos Islands 

1 REEVE & C0 *> U *> *> Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C 


Vincent Brooks, & Son Lt- imp. 

L Rerve &.C°Londc 

Tab. 8642. 


Orchid aceae. Tribe Epidendkeae. 
Ebia, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 509. 

Eria (§ Dendrolirium) ornata, Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orch. p. 66 ; De Vriesc, III. 
Orch. t. 8 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. iii. p. 660 partim ; Bidl. in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. vol. xxxii. p. 302 ; J. J. Smith, Orch. Jav. p. 380 partim, 
fig. 288; Kraenzl. in Engl. Pflanzenr., Orch.-Dendrob. pars 2, p. 50 pro 
parte sed fig. excl. ; species distincta, ab E. armeniaca, Lindl., bracteis 
basi latioribus aurantiacis et labelli disco tricarinato differt. 

Herba epiphytica, rbizomate crasso lignoso. Pseudobulbi distantes, late 
ovoidei vel ovoideo-oblongi, subcompressi, 4-7 cm. longi, triphylli. Folia 
breve petiolata, elliptico-oblonga, subacuta, coriacea, recurva, 20-25 cm. 
longa, 4-5 cm. lata. Scapi suberecti, 30-45 cm. longi, basi vaginis sat 
numerosis imbricatis vestiti, tomentosi praesertim superne, multiflori ; 
bracteae magnae, ovatae vel ovato-lanceolatae, subobtusae, margine paullo 
reflexae, 3-4 "5 cm. longae, glabrae vel parce pubescentes, pulchre rubro- 
aurantiacae ; pedicelli 3-4 cm. longi, tomentosi. Flores mediocres, extra 
brunneo-tomentosi. Sepala subconniventia ; posticum ovato-oblongum, 
subobtusum, 1 ' 2-1 ' 5 cm. longum ; lateralia subaequalia basi valde dila- 
tata, mentum breve rotundatum formantia. Petala lineari-oblonga, 
1-1*2 cm. longa. Labellum recurvum, trilobum, 1-1 '2 cm. longum, basi 
angustum ; lobus intermedins deltoideo-ovatus, subobtusus, undulatus ; 
lobi laterales late triangulares, obtusi; discus tricarinatus. Columna 
clavata, 5 mm. longa. Pollinia 8, ellipsoidea. — Dendrolirium ornatum, 
Blume, Bijdr. p. 345. — B. A. Bolfe. 

The striking Eria here described has had a somewhat 
confused history. It was originally published as Dendro- 
lirium ornatum in 1825 by Blume, who based his species 
on material from Bantam and from Buitenzorg in Java. 
It became, therefore, E. ornata when Lindley treated 
Blume' s genus as a section of Eria. Some time there- 
after Lindley described, as E. armeniaca, a Philippine Eria 
collected by Cuming which had flowered in the collection 
of Messrs. Loddiges at Hackney. Later, however, Lindley 
included the Philippine E. armeniaca in the older E. ornata, 
and at the same time added to the species a Khasia 
plant collected by Sir Joseph Hooker. The Khasia plant 
is now known to be a distinct species, E. tomentosa, 
Hook, f . ; the status of the Philippine one is less clear, 
for Kriinzlin follows Lindley's later view and treats 
E. armeniaca as a form of E. ornata, while Ridley adopts 
that originally formed by Lindley. The two plants are 

January, 1916. 

certainly very closely allied, but in the Philippine one the 
bracts are narrower at the base than they are in E. ornata, 
and yellow rather than orange, while the lip is somewhat 
different in shape. On this account, and also because of 
the occurrence of another nearly allied but equally 
distinct species, E. hainanensis, Eolfe, in the island of 
Hainan, it is preferable to adopt Ridley's view. The 
original E. ornata now figured occurs in Sumatra and 
Borneo as well as in Java, and has been also met with 
by Curtis at Pungah in Siam. The plant figured is 
the one from Borneo, which was presented to Kew in 
May, 1915, by Mr. H. J. Elwes, Colesborne, Cheltenham ; 
it thrives well in a tropical house under the conditions 
suitable for Malayan species of Dendrobium and Eria. 
The more striking features of E. ornata are its robust 
habit, its large rather coriaceous leaves, its large reddish- 
orange bracts and its densely tomentose brownish-grey 

Description. — Herb, epiphytic ; rhizome stout, woody ; 
pseudobulbs discrete, wide-ovoid or ovoid-oblong, some- 
what compressed, l^-2§ in. long, three-leaved. Leaves 
shortly petioled, elliptic-oblong, rather acute, coriaceous, 
recurved, 8-10 in. long, 1J— 2 in. wide. Scapes rather 
erect, 1-1| ft. long, clothed at the base with a number of 
imbricate sheaths, tomentose especially towards the top, 
many-flowered; bracts large, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 
rather obtuse, slightly reflexed along the edge, 1|— If in. 
long, glabrous or sparingly pubescent, bright reddish- 
orange; pedicels 1$-1| in. long, tomentose. Flowers 
medium -sized, brown-tomentose outside. Sepals 'some- 
what connivent; the posterior ovate-oblong, somewhat 
obtuse, J-J in. long ; lateral about as large but much 
dilated at the base where they form a short rounded 
mentum. Petals linear-oblong, ^ in. long or rather less. 
Lip recurved, 3-lobed, j in. long or rather less, narrowed 
at the base ; middle-lobe deltoid-ovate, rather obtuse, 
with undulate margin; lateral lobes wide-triangular, 
obtuse ; disk 3-keeled. Column clavate, |~ in. long. 
Pollinia 8, ellipsoid. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, petal; 3, lip; 4, column; 5, anther-cap; 6, pollinia; 
7, sketch of an entire plant: — all enlarged except 7, which is much reduced. 


%icent Brooks, Day & Son Li 

L Re eve &C? Land on 

Tab. 8643. 

RHODODENDRON erubescens. 

Western China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron (§ Eurhododendron) erubescens, Hutchinson ; species nova, 
affinis B. Fargesii, Franch., sed foliis conspicue reticulatis, filaruentis 
dense pubescentibus differt. 

Frutex; ramuli strieti, cortice purpureo glabro obtecti. Folia oblongo-elliptica, 
apice obtuse et abrupte mucronata, basi obtusa vel rotundata, 8-10 cm! 
longa, 3-4 cm. lata, rigide coriacea, supra atro-viridia, impresso-reticulata,' 
infra flavo-viridia, minute papillosa, eglandulosa ; costa media supra 
leviter impressa, infra prominens, apicem laminae versus sensim angustata ; 
nervi laterales utrinsecus circiter 12, pergraciles, flexuosi, supra leviter 
impressi mfra vix prominentes ; veni infra graciliter reticulati ; petioli 
robusti, 2 cm. longi, supra canalicular, carmineo-purpurei, sicco transverse 
verrucosi, glabri. Flores terminales, circiter 8-nati ; pedicelli 1-1-4 cm. 
longi, breviter sed dense papilloso-glandulosi. Bracteae extra adpresse 
villosae. Calyx parvus, 5-lobus, lobis inaequalibus ovato-rotundatis ad 
2 mm. longis papilloso-glandulosis. Corolla intus alba, extra roseo- 
carminea ; tubus late turbinatus, circiter 3 cm. longus, apice circiter 
2-5 cm. diametro, intus basin versus minute puberulus; limbus5-5cm. 
expansus, 7-lobus, lobis patulo-recurvatis semiorbicularibus emarginatis 
1-3 cm. longis et latis. Stamina inclusa, 12-14; filament® ad 2 cm. 
longa, inferne dense pubescentia; antherae purpureae, 2-5 mm. longae. 
Ovarium glandulis albis stipitatis ornatum, plerumque 6-loculare, 5 mm. 
longum; stylus exsertus, glaber, 3 cm. longus, stigmate viscido pallide 
navo 2 ' 5 mm. lato coronatus.— J. Hutchinson. 

The beautiful Chinese Rhododendron now figured is 
one of a group of some forty closely allied species 
belonging to the section Eurhododendron, all of them 
characterised by their glabrous and eglandular leaves. 
Several other Chinese members of this group are now in 
cultivation, the more notable being R. Fortune!, Lindl., 

g « re o d o at *• 5596 and B ' Souliei > branch., figured at 
t. 8622 of this work; in our collections may also be 
found R. discolor, Franch., R. Farqesii, Franch., and 
R. orbiculare^ Franch. The nearest affinity of R. erubescens 
is with R. Fargesii ; from that species our plant appears 
to differ mainly in the more distinctly reticulate leaves 
and in having hairy filaments, those of R. Fargesii being 
quite glabrous. The material for our plate has been 

January, 1916. 

derived from a plant obtained from Messrs. J. Veitch & 
Sons for the Kew collection in 1908. The species was 
introduced by means of seed obtained for Messrs. Veitch 
by Mr. E. H. Wilson during his first journey to China on 
their behalf. The plant itself is quite hardy, but at Kew 
the flowers, which open about the middle of April, are apt 
to be injured by late frosts. It thrives in either a peaty 
soil or a sandy loam enriched by leaf-mould. 

Description. — Shrub ; twigs rigid, clothed with purple 
smooth bark. Leaves oblong-elliptic, suddenly bluntly 
mucronate, obtuse or rounded at the base, 3-4 in. long, 
lj-lf in. wide, firmly coriaceous, dark green above with 
impressed reticulation, beneath yellowish-green, finely 
papillose, eglandular ; midrib slightly sunk above, raised 
beneath and gradually narrowed towards the leaf -tip ; 
lateral nerves about 12 on each side, very slender, flexuous, 
slightly impressed above but hardly raised beneath ; 
veins beneath finely reticulate ; petiole stout, { in. long, 
channelled above, red-purple, transversely wrinkled when 
dry, glabrous. Flowers terminal, about 8 to a truss ; 
pedicels about J in. long, shortly but closely glandular- 
papillose ; bracts adpressed-villous on the outer side. 
Calyx small, 5-lobed ; lobes unequal, ovate-rounded, 
glandular-papillose. Corolla white within, rose-carmine 
outside; tube wide-turbinate, about l£ in. long, and 
about 1 in. wide at the mouth, finely puberulous near 
the base inside ; limb over 2 in. across, 7-lobed ; lobes 
spreading or slightly recurved, semiorbicular, emarginate, 
over | in. long and wide. Stamens 12-14, included ; 
filaments up to f in. long, densely pubescent below ; 
anthers purple, T \y in. long. Ovary beset with white 
stalked glands, usually 6-celled, J in. long ; style exserted, 
glabrous, 1| in. long; stigma viscid, pale yellow, T ^ in. 

Fig. 1, leaf-tip ; 2, calyx and pistil ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, transverse section 
of ovary : — all enlarged. 




Vincenl Brooks, Day & SonLt^i 

Tab. 8644. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM foeniculaceum. 


Compositae. Tribe Anthemideae. 
Chrysanthemum, Linn. ; BentJi. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 424. 

Chrysanthemum foeniculaceum, Brouss. ex Willd. Enum. Hort Berol 
p. 903 ; Steud. Norn. ed. i. p 192 ; DC. Prodr. vol. vi. p. 66, partim ; affinis 
C. anethifoho, Brouss., sed foliis glaucis profunde pinnatipartifcis glabris 
segments lineanbus, involucri bracteae latioribus superne membranaceis 

Fruticulus ad 0-75 m. altus, glaber, omnino glaucus; rami teretes vel sub- 
angulares, corymboso-adscendentes, superne berbacei, dense foliati. Folia, 
petiolata, ambitu ovata, usque ad 10 cm. longa et 7 cm. expansa, pinnati- 
partrta, segmentis hneanbus lobulatis acutis 1-nervis tenuiter chartaceis 
vel sicco fere membranaceis, lobulis linearibus usque ad 8 mm loneis 

2i7r erOSa, u in aXiUiS su P eriorib ™ longe pedunculata, solitaria;' 
pedunculi folia multo superantes, erecti, gracillimi, nudi. Involucri 

■ tT P rtl ClrCer 4 "f natae ' ab GXfcra Sensim lon gi^es, exteriores ovatae, 
nteriores superne et secus marginem membranaceae, demum inaequaliter 
laceratae glabrae. Flares radii numerosi, circiter 5 cm. expansi^pa tulT 

SintinS r T 18 ' P T e g landulosus ; ^mina oblongo-lanceolata, apice 
denticulata ; achaema tnquetra. Flores disci flavi ; corollae tubus interne 

^S If ,8UP !T leViter ^ XpansU8 ' P arce g^nduloso-puberulus; lobi 5, 
V„l' T* 1 '- A t amia obl ° n g a > angularia, angulis membranaceo-alatis. 
fappus brevis, oblique cupularis, inaequaliter dentatus. Becevtaculum 
comcum nudum.- Pyrethr -urn foeniculaceum, Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 
p. yud , ±;ot. Keg. t. 2 1% Argyranthemum foeniculaceum, Webb. PhvtoT 

jTuTcmLoN P ' *' 98; Pltard 6t Pr ° USt ' IleS Ca ° ar ' FL P" 2 ^- 

This long-known and familiar Chrysanthemum, the horti- 
cultural value of which is well known and fully appre- 
ciated, is a native of the Island of Tenerife where it is 
endemic, and where it inhabits the barrancos or steep 

P t l nJn o yS Which are so marked a feature of the island 
at 1,000-2,000 feet above sea-level ; sometimes it may be 
met with, more sparingly, at even lower levels. There is 
another Chrysanthemum in Tenerife, closely related to 
tnat now figured, which is restricted to the upland rocky 
plain, known as the Canadas, that nearly encircles the 
upper portion of the mountain at about 8,000 feet eleva- 
tion ; according to Barker- Webb this latter is the only 
Chrysanthemum of the region above the cloud-belt in 
January, 1916. 

Tenerife. Broussonet, to whom we are indebted for first 
distinguishing these two plants, termed the lower-level 
plant C' foeniculaceum ; that from above the cloud-belt 
he named C. anethifolium. In his monogragh of the 
Compositae, published in 1837, De Candolle adopted a 
view which had already been advanced by Choisy, that 
these two plants are only varieties of one species. For 
this species De Candolle used Broussonet' s name C. foeni- 
culaceum, treating the barrancos plant as the type, that 
from the Canadas as one of its varieties. The two plants 
are, however, now known to differ as markedly in their 
morphological characters as they do in their habitats, 
and when this was first realised the name C. anethifolium, 
which belongs to the high-level plant, but which had for 
many years gone out of use, reappeared in garden lists, 
though, by some mischance, in Continental collections in 
which both species are grown the name thus revived 
was misapplied to the plant from low elevations, and that 
of the low-level plant was transferred to the plant from 
higher altitudes. In this country, where only the plant 
from the barrancos is cultivated, there has been no 
opportunity of comparing the two species in the living 
state and of discovering the existence of the curious 
error which has led to C. foeniculaceum from the lower 
slopes of Tenerife being known in English gardens for at 
least a quarter of a century by the name of another 
species only found on the high plateau of that island. 
Our plant, easy of propagation by cuttings at all seasons, 
is in high and well-merited favour both in the conserva- 
tory and, in summer, also out of doors. In Tenerife 
C. foeniculaceum is in flower from January to April. 

Description. — Shrublet, 2-5 ft. high, glabrous, every- 
where glaucous ; branches terete or slightly angular, 
corymbosely ascending, herbaceous upwards, densely leafy. 
Leaves petioled, ovate in outline, up to 4 in. long, 2| in. 
wide, pinnatipartite, segments linear, lobulate, acute, 
1 -nerved, thinly papery or almost membranous ; lobules 
linear, up to ^ in. in length. Flower-heads numerous, 
about 2 in. across, long-peduncled, solitary in the axils 
of the upper leaves ; peduncles much longer than the 
leaves, erect, naked, very slender. Bracts of the involucre 

glabrous, about 4-seriate, gradually longer from without 
inwards, the outermost ovate, the inner membranous and 
ultimately irregularly lacerate near the tip and along the 
margin. Ray-fiorets numerous, spreading, white; tube 
short, sparingly glandular; limb oblong-lanceolate, with 
denticulate apex. Ray-achenes triquetrous. Disk-florets 
yellow; corolla-tube cylindric below, slightly widened 
upwards, sparingly glandular-puberulous ; lobes 5, ovate, 
obtuse. Disk-achenes oblong, with membranously winged 
angles. Pappus short, obliquely cup-shaped, unequally 
toothed. Receptacle conical, naked. 

Fig. 1 ray-floret and disk-floret; 2, pappus; 3, disk-floret; 4, anthers; 
o, immature disk-achene ; 6, style-arms :— all enlaraed. 


/i i 






y.Sdcl JNEtchMh. 

-L Reeve &. C? Lender 

Tab. 8645. 
FUNKIA lancifolia, var. tardiflora. 

Japan ? 

Liliaceae. Tribe Hemerocalleae. 
Funkia, Spreng. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 774. 

Funkia lancifolia, Sjpreng., var. tardiflora, Hort. ex Kew Handlist of Herba- 
ceous Plants, ed. 2, p. 489 (1902) ; a typo foliis rigidioribus, petiolis brevi- 
oribus racemisque dense multifloris differt. 

Herba. Folia radicalia, late lanceolata, acuta, glabra, obscure viridia, sub- 
rigida, 12 cm. longa, 3 cm. lata ; nervi laterales utrinsecus circiter 4, angulo 
acuto adscendentes ; petiolus 10 cm. longus, purpureo-maculatus, vagina 
. 1 • 5 cm. lata, ovato-lanceolata, alba, purpureo-maculata. Bacemus simplex 
vel ramosus, usque ad 50-florus, floribus congestis ; pedunculus 30-45 cm. 
altus, purpureus, maculis obscurioribus notatus; bracteolae lanceolatae, 
acutae, pallide lilacinae, infimae usque ad 2 ■ 5 cm. longae ; pedicelli graciles, 
1 • 5 cm. longi, apice articulati. Perianthium pallide lilacinum ; tubus 
infundibuliformis, 2 cm. longus ; lobi oblongo-ovati, 1"2 cm. longi, 5 mm. 
lati, apice incrassati et minute pubescentes. Filamenta declinata, 
inaequalia, quam perianthium paullo longiora; antherae dorsifixae, 
oblongae, 4 mm. longae, connectivo apice obtuse producto. Ovarium 
oblongum, trisulcatum, 5 mm. longum, 1'5 mm. diametro ; stylus sub- 
robustus, staminibus longior ; stigma subeapitatum, obscure trilobatum. — 
F. tardiflora, W. Irving in Garden, 1903, vol. lxiv. p. 297, cum ic— 
C. H. Weight. 

The Funkia which forms the subject of our plate has 
the merit of being very hardy and easily grown and 
propagated. It thrives in any soil of good or moderate 
quality, and a large stock of plants can quickly be 
secured by dividing up the clumps and replanting in 
spring. The especial value which attaches to it lies, 
however, in its time of flowering, which does not set in 
till the end of September or early October and goes on, 
if the weather be at all favourable, well into November, 
thus providing colour in the garden at a dull season of 
the year. The origin of this plant is obscure. It cannot 
be distinguished by any good morphological character 
from F. lancifolia, a species common in Japan, which 
extends thence to Corea and to the Kiang-si province of 
China, originally described by Sprengel in the Transactions 
of the Linnean Society, vol. ii. p. 335, in 1797, though it 
has leaves which are rather firmer and of a darker green, 

January, 1916. 

with shorter petioles and racemes with more numerous 
and more closely arranged flowers. The most striking 
difference, however, is that typical F. lanci folia flowers 
in July. The first plant of var. tardiflora to reach Kew 
was received in 1895 from the late Mr. M. Leichtlin, of 
Baden-Baden. Whether it be one of the forms of 
F. lancifolia for whose selection horticulture has to thank 
Japanese gardeners is not clear ; though several garden 
forms are depicted in the fhonzo Zoufou, vol. xxiii. 
tt. 16, 17, none of these are so densely floriferous as our 
plant. The material for our figure was a plant in full 
flower out of doors at Kew on 16th October, 1913. 

Description. — Herb. Leaves radical, broadly lanceo- 
late, acute, glabrous, dull green, rather firm, 5 in. long, 
1| in. wide ; lateral nerves about four on each side the 
midrib, ascending at an acute angle ; petiole 4 in. long, 
blotched with purple ; sheath over \ in. wide, ovate- 
lanceolate, white, blotched with purple. Raceme simple 
or branched, sometimes 50-flowered; flowers densely 
clustered ; peduncle 1-1 J ft. in height, purple, with dull 
blotches ; bracteoles lanceolate, acute, pale lilac, the lowest 
up to 1 in. long; pedicels slender, over ^ in. long, arti- 
culate near the apex. Perianth pale lilac ; tube funnel- 
shaped, I in. long ; lobes oblong-ovate, ^ in. long, I in. 
wide, thickened at the tip and minutely pubescent. 
Filaments declinate, unequal, rather longer than the 
perianth; anthers dorsifixed, oblong, J in. long; con- 
nective produced, blunt. Ovary oblong', trisulcate, J in. 
long ; style rather stout, longer than the stamens ; stigma 
subcapitate, faintly 3-lobed. 

Fig. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, pistil :— all enlarged. 

dfeurtf) *?mt«(. 

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V3ncerf Brooks. D^ 3c SonLtrimp 

Tab. 8G46. 

Western Tropical America. 

Amaryllidaceae. Tribe Amakylleae. 
Eucharis, Planch. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 731. 

Eucharis Lowii, Baiter in Oard. Chron. 1893, vol. xiii. p. 538, fig. 78 ; species 
E. grandiflorae, Planch. & Linden, affinis, tubo staminorum perianthio 
adnato, lobis tantum liberis distinguitur. 

Herba perennis. Bulbus globosus, collo ei E. grandiflorae simile nisi crassiore 
mstructus. Folia ovato-cordata, breviter cuspidata, glaberrima, 22 cm. 
longa, 18 cm. lata, nervis lateralibus approximatis venulis transversariis 
hliformibus connexis ; petiolus 30 cm. longus. Pedunculiis 60 cm. longus, 
2-5-florus ; bracteae membranaceae, late lanceolatae, 4 • 5 cm. longae, 8 mm. 
latae ; pedicelli crassi, 1 cm. longi. Perianthium album ; tubus infundi- 
buhformis, circiter 9 cm. longus, pars inferior cylindrica 3 mm. diametro, 
faux 4-5 cm. diametro; lobi elliptici, subacuti, leviter concavi, 5 cm. 
longi, 3 cm. lati. Staminorum tubus perianthio adnatus ; lobi emarginati, 
extra linea verticali luteo-viridi notati ; filamentorum pars libera 2 cm. 
longa. Ovarium oblongum, viride, 3 cm. longum, 8 mm. diametro; 
stylus staminibus multo longior; stigma trilobum.— C. H. Weight. 

Twenty-five years ago when describing and figuring 
Eucharis Baker iana, N. E. Brown, at t. 7144 of this work, 
the late Sir Joseph Hooker supplied a concise resume of 
the seven species of Eucharis then known, all of which are 
natives of the Andes of Colombia. In addition to those 
mentioned there, another species, E. galant/wide.% Planch. 
& Linden, had been described from Brazil, while more 
recently yet another, E. narcissiflora, Huber, has been 
reported from the same region. Yet another, making 
the tenth known species and the fifth to find a place in 
this work, has been described since 1890. This species, 

* -Lowii, was originally imported from Colombia, among 
a consignment of E. Sanderi, Baker, by Messrs. Hugh 
-Low and Company; it has, however, a rather wider 
range of distribution than its earlier known congeners 
from l that State, for the plant from which our illustration 
i en - en P re P are(i is one which flowered in November, 
1J13, in the establishment of Messrs. Sander and Sons, 
ot. Albans, who report that they received it from Peru, 
in general facies E. Lowii much resembles E. grandi flora, 

February, 1916. 

Planch. & Linden, figured as E. amazonica at t. 4971 
of this work, but differs in having a thicker neck to the 
bulb and in the united basal part of the filaments being 
entirely adnate to the perianth-tube, leaving only the 
emarginate lobes free. The free portion of the filament 
springs from the sinus of the lobes and is marked on the 
outer side by a vertical yellowish-green line. The leaf in 
its general outline resembles that of E. Sanderi, Baker, 
figured at t. 6676 of this work, along with which it was, 
on its first appearance in cultivation, accidentally intro- 
duced. In E. Sanderi, however, there are fewer lateral 
nerves and these are connected by much stronger trans- 
verse veinlets. The fact that its affinities are so distinctly 
with E. grand) flora and E. Sanderi has led Mr. Baker, in 
a note accompanying his original description of E. Lowii, 
to suggest that it may be a hybrid between these two 
species. It thrives well under the cultural treatment 
they require. It may be noted here that another plant 
has been figured under Mr. Baker's name in the Journal 
of Horticulture for 1894 at fig. 17, and that this figure 
has been reproduced in the Bulletin of the Societa 
Toscana d'Orticultura for the same year at t. 4. The 
plant so figured has, however, leaves which are not 
cordate but taper to the base, so that it is not the true 
E. Lowii, 

Description. — Herb, perennial, bulb globose, neck 
rather stout. Leaves ovate-cordate, shortly cuspidate, 
quite glabrous, 9 in. long, 7 in. wide, lateral nerves 
closely set, transverse connecting veinlets very fine ; 
petiole 12 in. long. Peduncle 2 ft. high, 2-5-flowered ; 
bracts membranous, wide-lanceolate, 1| in. long, ^ in. 
wide ; pedicels stout, over * in. long. Perianth white ; 
tube funnel-shaped, about 2} 2 in. long, the lower cylindric 
portion J in. wide, the throat 1| in. across ; lobes elliptic, 
subacute, slightly concave, 2 in. long, 1^ in. wide. 
Stamina! tube adnate to the perianth, its lobes emarginate, 
marked outside by a vertical greenish-yellow line ; free 
portion of filaments § in. long. Ovary oblong, green, j in. 
wide ; style much longer than the stamens. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, stigma \—all enlarged. 



L Reeve &C?london 

Tab. 8047. 
sophora macrocarpa. 


Leguminosae. Tribe Sophoueae. 
Sophora, Linn. ; Bcntlu et Hoolt.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 555. 

Sophora macroearpa Smith m Bees Cycl. vol. xxxiii. no. 6; Lodd. Bot, 
Cab t. 1125 ; DC Prodr. vol. 11. p. 96 ; Castillo et Bey, Jeoa. Vea Mo 
Vakhv. vol. , p. 67 fig. 36 ; ab affim S. tetraptera, Ait., fo liolis major bus 
legumimbus haud alatis facile distinguenda. ^ majonous, 

Arbor parva ; ramuli crassi, breviter adpresse albo-pubescentes. Folia pinnata 

S3? 15 J m - l0n ^P Gti0 l° 2 ^.longobasiconspicueincrassSo cum 
rhachi subtus paupenus breviter adpresse pubescente supra jnabre- 
scente nisi m canaliculo lato haud alto ubi subsericeo suffulta; stipulae 
angustae 4 mm longae; foliola utrinsecus 9, opposita vel subopposita, 
oblongo-lanceolata vel fere oblonga, apice rotundata, emarginulatl basi 
rotundata vel cuneato-rotundata, usque ad 3'5 cm. longa et 14 cm lata 
pagina supenore nitida, laete viridia, glabra, inferiore subglauca,' pilis 
paucis adpressis instructa, nervis lateralibus utrinsecus circiter 8 supra 
parum immersis subtus conspicuis intra marginem anastomosantibus, 
i-eticulatione laxa subtus conspicua, petiolulo 1-5-2 mm. longo suffulta 
Macemt axdlares, 6-9 cm. longi, pedunculo communi quam petiolo 
oreviore mcluso, rhachi pedicellisque plus minusve breviter adpresse pube- 
scenttbus; flores penduli, cuiusque racemi circiter 10, pedicellis 25 cm 
Jongis suffulti ; bracteae post flores expansos deciduae, obovatae, breviter 
acummatae, 8 mm. longae, 5-5 mm. latae, dorso dense adpresse brunneo- 
pubescentes, intra medio glabrae sedet apicem et basin versus adpresse 
brunneo.pubescentes. Calyx circiter 1 cm. longus, vix 1 • 2 cm. latus, extra 
piliset brunneis brevibus adpressis et albis longioribus ornatus, dente 
lntenore 2 mm. longo, superioribus brevissimis. Vrxillmn 3 cm. longum, 
* ^ cm. latum, m unguem brevem latum angustatum ; alae 3 cm. longae, 
u b cm. latae, ungui brevi suffultae ; carinae petala apice libera, vix 3 cm. 
longa, 0-6 cm. lata. Filamcnta usque ad 3 '2 cm. longa, apice angustata, 
glabra. Ovarium 1-5 cm. altum, cum stipite 6 mm. longo breviter 
aapresse pubescens, stylo 1-7 cm. longo superne glabro.— Edwardsia 
ciUensis, Miers, Trav. vol. ii. p. 531, nomen tantum ; Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
™1. xxi. t. 1798.— W. G. Craib. 

, Two distinct species of Sophora from Chile, which are 
m cultivation in Europe, exhibit a striking resemblance 
as regards their flowers. One of the two, S. tetraptera, 
Ait., which also occurs in New Zealand, was figured at 
t. lb/ of this work over one hundred and twentv years 
ago. The other, S. macrocarpa, Sm., the subject" of our 
illustration, was first introduced by Mr. Loddiges in 1822 
and was figured by him in the Botanical Cabinet at 

February, 1916. 

t. 1125. Some time afterwards Professor Lindley also 
figured it at t. 1798 of the Botanical Register, using for 
the plant the name Edwardsia chilensis proposed by 
Mr. Miers. As, however, the latter did not provide a 
description of his species his specific name cannot now 
be employed. A singular confusion between this plant 
and the older S. tetraptera subsequently arose in collections, 
though why this should have occurred is difficult to 
explain, for the leaflets in S. macrocarpa are considerably 
larger than those of S. tetraptera and in fruit the two 
species differ markedly; S. tetraptera, as its name 
indicates, has a strongly four-winged pod, whereas that 
of S. macrocarpa is without any trace of wings. The 
material for our figure of S. macrocarpa came from a tree 
in the garden of Lady Ilchester at Abbotsbury near 
Weymouth, where it blossoms in May. Unfortunately 
the species is really hardy only in the mildest parts of 
the kingdom, such as the southern and western maritime 
districts. At Kew, in a sheltered spot, it may survive a 
few mild winters, but it never thrives sufficiently well to 
be worth cultivating out-of-doors, and has to be treated 
as a plant for the winter garden or unheated conservatorv. 
It likes a sandy loam and should, if possible, be propa- 
gated by seeds, though cuttings of moderately ripened 
twigs will take root if placed in a mildly heated frame. 

Description.— Tree of small stature; twigs stout, 
shortly adpressed white-pubescent. Leaves pinnate, 
about 6 in. long; petiole J in. long, thickened at the base, 
shortly adpressed-pubescent on the lower side as 
is the rachis, somewhat silky in the shallow but wide 
channel on the upper side, otherwise glabrous ; stipules 
narrow J m. long; leaflets 9-jugate, opposite or nearly 
so, oblong-lanceolate or nearly oblong, rounded and 
lamtly emarginate at the tip, rounded or somewhat 
cuneate at the base, up to If in. long, over ± in.- wide, 
bright green, glabrous and shining above, rather glaucous 
and with a few adpressed hairs beneath ; lateral nerves 
about 8 on each side, slightlv sunk above, distinctly 
raised beneath, looping within the margin ; reticulation 
lax and visible beneath; petiolules short. Racemes 
axillary, about 10-flowered, including the peduncle which 

is rather shorter than the leaf -stalk 2A-3| in. long; 
rachis and pedicels shortly adpressed-pubescent ; flowers 
pendulous, pedicels 1 in. long ; bracts deciduous, obovate, 
shortly acuminate, j in. long, under } in. wide, densely 
adpressed brown-pubescent behind, glabrous in the middle 
but adpressed brown-pubescent near the base and the 
tip on the upper side. Calyx over J in. long, barely J in. 
wide, with mixed short adpressed brown hairs and longer 
white hairs outside. Standard H in. long, nearly 1 in. 
wide, narrowed to a short broad claw ; wings 1% in. long, 
i in. wide, short-clawed; keel-petals free at the tip, 
barely 1J in. long, £ in. wide. Filaments 1| in. long, 
narrowed upwards, glabrous. Ovary § in. long with a 
stipe I in. long, shortly adpressed-pubescent throughout ; 
style nearly j in. long, glabrous upwards. 

Fig. 1, flower with the petals removed; 2, longitudinal section of the same 
3, base of standard ; 4, wing-petal ; 5, keel :— all enlarged. 



Iiieenl3rooks,Day & Per. U? 'imp 

i -Reeve &.C°LondDrv 

Tab. 8648. 
LOBELIA Holstii. 

Tropical East Africa. 

Campanulaceae. Tribe Lobelieae. 
Lobelia, Linn. ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 551. 

Lobelia Holstii, Engl, in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xix. Beibl. 47, p. 51 ; species 
L. coronopifoliae, Linn., affinis sed foliis fere glabris et floribus minoribus 
facile distinguenda. 

Herba perennis, caulibus adscendentibus vel suberectis 2-3 dm. altis teretibus 
glabris vel pilis adpressis instructis. Folia inferne sat numerosa, approxi- 
mata, lanceolata, oblonga vel ovato-lanceolata, apice subacuta et leviter 
apiculata, basi in petiolum brevern cuneatim angustata, usque ad 4 cm. 
longa et 1 • 2 cm. lata, margine breviter et obtusiuscule serrata, serraturis 
apice cartilagineis, costa et nervis lateralibus pagina superiore obscuris 
inferiore proininulis, glabra vel ad costam (praecipue subtus) plus minusve 
pubescentia. Inflorescentia a foliis longe remota, laxe racemosa ; bracteae 
lineares, acutae, 4 mm. longae, 0'5 mm. latae ; pedicelli circiter 1 cm. 
longi. Beceptaculum late turbinatum, 2 mm. diametro, pilis albis valde 
adpressis obtectum. Sepala 5, lineari-lanceolata, acuminata, acumine 
albo 1-25 mm. longo incluso 3 '5 mm. longa, ciliolata. Corolla lilacina, 
valde bilabiata, tubo cylindrico 9 mm. longo 2*5 mm. diametro posticc 
nsso, labio superiore 3-lobo, lobis obovato-spatulatis apice leviter apiculatis 
8 mm. longis 4 mm. latis, inferiore 2-lobo recurvato lobis lanceolatis 
acutis 3*5 mm. longis 0"75 mm. latis. Stamina 5, filamentis 6 mm. 
longis rubro-lilacinis glabris, antheris 2 mm. longis vertice penicillatis. 
Stylus glaber.— W. B. Turrill. 

The interesting Lobelia here figured, though evidently 
not at all uncommon throughout British East Africa, 
Uganda, and the northern districts of German East 
Africa, appears to be restricted to the more mountainous 
tracts of this region. The strong perennial roots and 
the aggregation of the leaves at the base of the ascending 
or suberect stem impart to it the facies of an alpine or 
subalpine species. The plant of L. Holstii from which 
our plate has been prepared is one which was raised at 
Kew from seed sent by Mr. E. Battiscombe from British 
East Africa early in 1914 and flowered in a frame in 
September of the same year. Here unfortunately it has 
failed to ripen its seeds and, having behaved as an 
annual, has not so far been permanently introduced to 
cultivation. This species is a member of the section 

February, 1916. 

Holopogon, as defined in the Genera Plantarum, the 
apices of all its anthers being equally, though in this 
instance not very conspicuously penicillate. Its nearest 
affinity is with the well-known L. coronopifolia, Linn., a 
species widely distributed in South Africa, a figure of 
which was given at t. 644 of this work. In this, as in 
the majority of the members of the genus Lobelia, the 
flowers are bent over on their pedicels, so that the 
morphologically lower abaxial bilobed lip is brought 
above, while the morphologically upper adaxial trilobed 
lip is placed below. The pedicels stand almost erect in 
the axils of the small bracts, the top of each being bent 
backwards at a right angle. This causes not only the 
inversion of the flower but its projection from the side of 
the inflorescence opposite to that from which its pedicel 

Description. — Herb, perennial; stems ascending or 
nearly erect, 8-12 in. high, terete, glabrous or adpressed- 
hirsute. Leaves numerous, aggregated below, lanceo- 
late, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate, subacute and slightly 
apiculate, cuneately narrowed below into a short petiole, 
the largest 1^ in. long and ^ in. wide, shortly and bluntly 
serrate, the teeth with cartilaginous tips, midrib and 
lateral nerves hardly visible above, slightly raised 
beneath, glabrous on both sides or somewhat pubescent 
on the midrib, particularly beneath. Inflorescence a con- 
siderable distance above the foliage, laxly racemose ; 
bracts linear, acute, £ in. long ; pedicels over I in. long. 
Receptacle broadly turbinate, T V in. Wide, hirsute with 
closely adpressed white hairs. Sepals 5, linear-lanceolate, 
acuminate, -} in. long including the white tip, ciliolate. 
Corolla lilac, markedly 2-]abiate; tube cylindric, about 
I in. long, T V in. wide, split on one side; larger lip 
3-lobed, the lobes obovate-spathulate, slightly apiculate, 
I in. long, J in. wide, the smaller lip 2-lobed, lobes 
lanceolate acute, | in. long, very narrow. Stamens 5, 
filaments { in. long, reddish-lilac, glabrous; anthers 
T V in. long, their apices penicillate. Style glabrous. 

Fig. 1, a flower ; 2, calyx and pistil ; 3, anthers :— all enlarged. 


- J <i 

J H.Rlch h\h 

LReeve&C 1 ? London. 


Tab. 8649. 

RHODODENDRON hypoglattcum. 

Western China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron hypoglaueum, Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. p. 25 
(1889) ; Diels in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. Vol. xxix. p. 512 (1900) ; Bean in Flora 
& Sylva, vol. iii. p. 164 (1905) ; Hemsl. d E. H. Wilt, in Kew Bull. 1910, 
p. Ill ; Pampanini in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. ser. nuov. vol. xvii. p. 683 
(1910) ; Behder & Wilson in Sargent, Plant. Wilson, pars i. p. 527 (1913) ; 
affinis B. argijropJiyllo, Franch., sed foliis plerumque latioribus filamentis 
minus et breviter pubescentibus differt. 

Frutex magnus vel arbor usque ad 6 m. alta ; ramuli juniores intense virides, 
primum minute nigro-puberuli, demum glabri. Folia sempervirentia, 
oblongo-oblanceolata vel oblongo-elliptica, apice subtriangulari-acu- 
minata, conspicue cartilagineo-mucronata, ad basin subacutum sensim 
angustata, 7-11 cm. longa, 2-4 cm. lata, rigide coriacea, snpra viridia, infra 
indumento piano farinoso conspicue albo-glauca: costa media supra 
angusta, leviter impressa, infra prominens, basi circiter 2 mm. lata, ad 
apicem sensim angustata ; nervi laterales plerumque inconspicui, utrinsecus 
circiter 11, a costa sub angulo lato abeuntes, prope marginem flexuosi et 
ramosi ; petioli 1 ' 5-2 cm. longi, sicco verruculosi. Inflorescentia terminalis, 
4-7-flora ; perulae oblongo-lanceolatae, membranaceae, ad 2 cm. longae ; 
bracteae filiformes, dense pubescentes, pedicellis dimidio breviores ; pedi- 
celli 2*5-4 cm. longi, breviter pubescentes, rubescentes. Calyx minimus, 
lobatus, glanduloso-puberulus. Corqlla 4-4*5 cm. longa, 4 '5-5 cm. 
diametro, extra roseo-alba, intus dorso carmineo-maculata ; tubus turbinato- 
campanulatus, 2 cm. longus, extra glaber, intus glaber vel parce pubescens ; 
lobi late ovati, apice rofcundati, circiter 1*5 cm. longi et 2 cm. lati. 
Stamina 10, leviter exserta ; filamenta inferne brevissime pubescentia ; 
antherae pallide rubrae, 3 mm. longae. Ovarium sulcatum, fere glabrum ; 
stylus exsertus, glaber, in stigmate truncato sensim expansus. Fructu* 
curvatus, durus, l*5-2'5 cm. longus, 5 mm. diametro, arete verruculosus. 
— R. gracilipes, Franch. in Journ. de Bot. vol. ix. p. 391 (1895). 
-R. chionophyllum, Diels in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 512 (1900). — 
J. Hutchinson. 

The fine Rhododendron here described is a member of 
the section Eurhododendron which is exceedingly plentiful 
in Western Hupeh, where it was first collected by 
Mr. A. Henry in 1886 in the neighbourhood of Ichang. 
During his Chinese journeys it was on several occasions 
collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson, and in one of his field- 
notes it is recorded that this form may attain a height 
of twenty feet. Though E. hypoglaueum has been 

February, 1916. 

independently recognised by Hemsley, Franchet and 
Diels as a distinct species, there is no doubt that it is 
exceedingly closely allied to R. argyrophyllum, Franch.. 
whose home is in Western Szechuan, and Messrs. Render 
and Wilson have indicated the possibility that these two 
may be no more than geographical forms of one species. 
They are not, however, as a rule difficult to distinguish, 
for the leaves of R. argyrophyllum are usually more 
attenuated, and the filaments of the stamens are more 
densely hairy than is the case in R. hypoglaucum. The 
densely adpressed mealy indumentum which can be 
readily removed by scraping, to which the whiteness of 
the undersurface of the leaves is due, both species share 
with a few other allied members of the eglandular-leaved 
group within this section. At Kew, where R. hypoglaucum 
lias been in cultivation for a number of years, the con- 
ditions do not appear altogether suitable, and it has not 
yet flowered. In the milder south-western counties it is 
more at home, and Mr. J. C. Williams, to whom we are 
indebted for the material for our plate, from a plant 
which flowered for the first time in May, 1915, in his 
collection at Caerhays Castle, remarks that while even 
under these more favourable conditions it can never find 
a place in the front rank of Rhododendrons, it must 
always be of interest as having a very distinct character 
of its own, and may be expected, when it reaches the age 
to flower freely, to acquire a certain standing among its 
congeners. The Caerhays example is one raised from 
seed obtained by Mr. Wilson during his journey of 
1900-1, which was first planted by Mr. Williams late in 
1906 or early in 1907. It was for several years given a 
situation very open to the sun, which it did not like ; 
for the past three or four years it has been grown in 
partial shade, where it has thriven much better, and now 
forms a healthy bush of pleasing appearance, about four 
feet high, and over five feet through. Mr. Williams has 
so far been unable, however, to find a seed pod on the 

Description. — Shrub or small tree, sometimes 20 ft. 
high ; young twigs bright green, at first puberulous with 
fine black hairs, at length glabrous. Leaves evergreen, 

oblong-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, somewhat triangular- 
acuminate, firmly mucronate, base subacute, 3-4J- in. 
long, |-1| in. wide, firmly coriaceous, green above, 
glaucous-white owing to their close farinose tomentum 
beneath, midrib narrow and slightly impressed above, 
beneath prominent and gradually narrowed upwards 
from a rather broad base; lateral nerves about 11 on 
each side, very indistinct, emitted at a wide angle, 
flexuous and interarching near the margin, petiole §-£ 
in. long, wrinkled when dry. Inflorescence terminal, 
4-7-flowered ; scales oblong-lanceolate, membranous, up 
to f in. long ; bracts filiform, densely pubescent, half as 
long as the pedicels which are 1-1^ in. long, shortly 
pubescent and reddish. Calyx very small, lobed, 
glandular-puberulous. Corolla lj-lf in. long, lf-2 in. 
wide, white flushed with rose outside, pink-dotted behind 
inside ; tube turbinate-campanulate, f in. long, glabrous 
outside, glabrous or sparingly pubescent within ; lobes 
wide-ovate, rounded, about f in. long and f in. wide. 
Stamens 10, slightly exserted; filaments very finely 
pubescent near the base ; anthers pale red, ^ in. long. 
Ovary grooved, almost glabrous ; style exserted, quite 
glabrous ; stigma truncate. Capsule curved, hard, f-1 
in. long, ^ in. wide, closely verruculose. 

Fig. 1, upper part of leaf ; 2, pistil ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, transverse section 
of ovary : — all enlarged. 

jFpttrtf) Merits. 

No. 135. 

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Tab. 8650. 


Aristolochiaceae . 
Aristolochia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 123. 

Aristolochia Lawreneeae, N. E. Br. ; species nova ab omnibus sectionis 
Unilabiatarum floribus magnis limbo oblique oblongo vel elongato-ovato- 
oblongo distinctissima. 

Suffrutex volubilis ; caulis glaber. Folia petiolata, stipulata, glabra ; lamina 
8-11 cm. longa, 9-12 cm. lata, late et profunde cordata, apice subacuta 
vel obtuse rotundata, lobis basalibus late rotundatis, supra viridis, subtus 
glauco-virens ; petiolus 5-6 cm. longus ; stipulae 1-2 cm. longae, 1-5-2 cm. 
latae, sessiles, orbiculatae, basi cordatae, glabrae. Flores solitarii ; 
pendunculi axillares, ovariis inclusis 12-14 cm. longi, ebracteati, glabri. 
Perianthium magnum, unilabiatum, luteo-album, pulchre brunneo- 
purpureo-venosum, glabrum ; tubus supra basin inflatam subito refractus, 
parte inflata 5 cm. longa, 3 cm. diametro, intus prope apicem pubescente, 
parte superiore aequilonga subinfundibuliformi ; limbus sessilis, 10-12 cm. 
longus, basi 7-8 cm. latus, erectus, oblique oblongus vel elongato-ovato- 
oblongus, apice obtusissime rotundatus. Columna subsessilis, leviter 
obconica, apice 6-loba ; lobi 3 mm. longi, lanceolati, erecti, apice incurvi, 
obtusi. Antherae 6, lineares, apice basin loborum columnae attingentes. 
Capsula 10-11 cm. longa, 3 ' 5-4 cm. diametro, oblonga, costato-hexagona, 
basi debiscens. Semina 1'5 cm. longa, 13 cm. lata, plana, cuneato- 
obovata, subpapyracea, supra levia, subtus area centrali minute verruculosa. 
— N. E. Brown. 

The striking Aristolochia which is the subject of our 
illustration was introduced to cultivation by the late 
Sir Trevor Lawrence by means of seed obtained from 
the Argentine, and was raised in his collection at Burford, 
Dorking, in 1912. The seed was sown in October of that 
year, and the material for our plate was supplied by 
Lady Lawrence, to whom the species is dedicated, from 
one of the original plants which flowered at Burford for 
the first time in June, 1914. Along with the flowering 
specimen was communicated part of the seed-pod with 
seed of the species, representations of which also appear 
in our figure. The character of the flower shows that 
A. Lawreneeae is a member of the group Unilabiatae, but 
within that group it stands apart ; no other species has a 
limb bearing any close resemblance to the very oblique, 
oblong, untailed one of this plant. In habit this is a 

March, 1916. 

strong-growing climber comparable, from the cultural 
standpoint, with A. cymbifera, Mart. & Zucc, and 
A. brasiliensis. Mart. & Zucc, two Brazilian species; like 
these, it may be expected to thrive well and flower freely 
in a moist tropical house. 

Description.— Shrub ; stem twining, glabrous. Leaves 
petioled, stipulate, glabrous; lamina 3-4J in. long, 
3.,-5 in. broad, wide- and deep-cordate, somewhat acute, 
bluntly rounded at the tip, basal lobes wide-rounded, 
green above, glaucous-green beneath ; petiole 2-2{ in. 
long; stipules £-£ in. long, f-f in. wide, sessile, orbicular, 
cordate at the base, glabrous. Flowers solitary ; peduncles 
axilJary, including the ovary 4^-5j in. long, ebracteate, 
glabrous Perianth large, 1-lipped, showy, yellowish- 
wmte with brown-purple veins, glabrous; tube abruptly 
recurved above the swollen base, the swollen portion 2 in. 
long, 1 ? m. wide, pubescent within near the top, upper 
portion about as long as the lower, somewhat funnel- 
shaped; limb sessile, 4-4J in. long, nearly 3 in. wide at 
tne base, erect, obliquely oblong or long-ovate-oblong, 
bluntly rounded at the tip. Column almost sessile, 
slightly obconic, 6-lobed at the tip; lobes I in. long, 
lanceolate, erect, incurved at the tip, obtuse. Anthers 6, 
linear, their apices reaching the bases of the lobes of the 
column Capsule 4 in. long or rather longer, H-l§ in. 
wide, oblong, 6-angled, the angles prominent, dehiscing 
trom below upwards. Seeds about f in. long, l in. wide! 
flat, cuneate-obovate, almost papery, smooth on the 
upper lace, finely verruculose on the central area below. 

thf^tfarel Shin-I P e ? anth4 » be ! cut °pen to show the column and 


1 / 1 / 

Tab. 8651. 
ALPINIA Elwesii. 


Scitamineae. Tribe Zingibereab. 
Alpinia, Linn. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 648. 

Alpinia Elwesii, Turrill ; species nova A. calcaratae, Eoscoe, affinis seel 
foliis subtus dense puberulis, ligula breviore dorso puberula, inflorescentia 
racemosa fere spicata, petalis distinctis ciliatis praecipue differt. 

Herba perennis, usque ad 1*5 m. alta. Folia alte vaginata, vaginis extra 
superne puberulis longitudinaliter striatis, lineari-lanceolata, apice 
attenuato-acuminata, caudata, basi angustata, circiter 4*5 dm. longa et 
5 "5 cm. lata, pagina superiore glabra, inferiore dense puberula; ligula 
bifida, 4 mm. longa, dorso puberula. Inflorescentiae racemosae, 12 cm. 
longae, rhachide tomentosa, pedicellis circiter 1 mm. longia tomentosis ; 
bracteae norales obovatae, apice rotundatae, 1 ■ 2 cm. longae, 7 mm. latae, 
dorso pubescentes, ciliatae. Calyx 1 cm. longus, saepissime breviter 
bilobus, uuilateraliter fissus, extra dense pubescens, ciliatus, intus glaber. 
Corolla alba, tubo 1 cm. longo 4 mm. diametro glabro, lobis lateralibua 
elliptico-lanceolatis subacutis 1*8 cm. longis 7 mm. latis marginibus 
ciliatis exceptis glabris, lobo postico elliptico-obovato 1 ■ 8 cm. longo 1 ■ 3 cm. 
lato margine ciliato. Labellum ovatum, 2*2 cm. longum, 1*6-1 '7 cm. 
latum, apice emarginatum, albo-carmineum. Stamen 1*7 cm. longum, 
filamento 7 mm. longo, 2 mm. lato. Staminodia lateralia 2, brevissima, 
basi labello adnata. Nectarii glandula cylindrico-ventricosa, 2' 5 mm. 
longa, dorso longitudinaliter fissa. Stylus 3 cm. longus, superne leviter 
pubescens. Ovarium ovoideo-orbiculare, 3 mm. altum, 2-5 mm. diametro, 
dense tomentosum. — W. B. Turrill. 

The handsome Alpinia here figured is a native of 
Formosa, where it was obtained by Mr. H. J. Elwes, in 
whose honour in has been named. The material for our 
illustration has been derived from a plant which flowered 
in his collection at Colesborne. Cheltenham, in April, 1915. 
This plant agrees in all respects with one presented to 
Kew by Mr. Elwes in 1912, with a note describing it as a 
very handsome form found growing in shady forest in 
Honsha, Formosa, at an elevation of 1,200 feet, where 
the temperature in winter does not fall below 50° F. 
The Kew plant has grown well in a border in the Mexican 
house, and has formed stems four feet high with leaves 
eighteen inches long, but has not yet flowered. A very 
distinctive character of A. Elwesii is the densely pube- 

March, 1916. 

rulous nature of the entire lower surface of the leaves. 
The hairs are not, as in some species of the genus, 
restricted to the midrib or margins or both, but are 
equally distributed over the whole under side and impart 
a distinctive appearance readily recognisable by touch 
as well as by inspection. The inflorescence is of the 
racemose type, though the pedicels are so short that it 
appears at first sight to be spicate. It seems probable, 
indeed, that the pedicels are in reality lateral branches 
reduced to a 1-flowered condition, and that the inflores- 
cence is a reduced panicle. The subdivision of the 
genus into subgenera and sections proposed by the late 
Professor Schumann is based on the separation or con- 
crescence of the flowering and the leafy stems, the form 
and relative importance of the primary and the floral 
bracts, and the size of the flower. In A. Elwesii the 
flowers and leaves are borne on the same shoot, the 
primary bracts are unimportant and the flowers are 
moderately large. Its nearest ally is A. calcarata, Roscoe, 
and it therefore is best placed in the Flos Paradisi section 
of the subgenus Catimbium. In A. calcarata stages of 
reduction from a manifestly paniculate to a racemose or 
nearly spicate type of inflorescence are frequent, and it 
is therefore to be anticipated that, though so far none 
have been seen in A. Elwesii, instances of the converse 
condition, where the reduced lateral branches bear more 
than one floAver each, may yet be met with. 

Description.— Herb, perennial, up to 5 ft. high. 
Leaves markedly sheathed; sheath puberulous outside, 
longitudinally striate; blade linear-lanceolate, caudate- 
acuminate, narrowed to the base, about 18 in. long, over 
2 in wide glabrous above, densely puberulous beneath; 
ligule 2-nd, £ m. long, puberulous outside. Inflorescence 
racemose, from 4-5 in. long; rachis tomentose; pedicels 
very short, tomentose ; floral bracts obovate, rounded, 
- 2 - in. long, £-4 in. wide, pubescent outside, ciliate. Calyx 
over j in long, usually shortly 2-lobed, split on one 
side densely pubescent outside, ciliate, glabrous within. 
Corolla white, tube over J in. long, | in. wide, glabrous ; 
lateral lobes elliptic-lanceolate, somewhat acute, § in. 
long, over \ in. wide, glabrous except for the ciliate 

margin, posterior lobe elliptic-obovate, § in. long I in 
wide, margin ciliate. IAp ovate, under 1 in. long, about 
*in. wide, emarginate, white finely blotched with carmine 
Mamen § m. long, filament under I in. long JL in' 
wide; lateral staminodes 2, very short, adnate to the 
base of the lip Nectarial gland cylindric-ventricose, 
T tt in. long, split longitudinally behind. Style over 1 in 
long, slightly pubescent upward. Ovary ovoid-orbicular, 
T in. long, T V in. wide, densely tomentose. 

mTSJL P nT llT n a l6 f ; % fl0W J r Sh ° Wing petaI ' Stamen ' lateral staminodes 
£wfu£ ^bellum; 8, y° un ? flow er showing lateral petals, stamen from 
behind, lateral staminodes, portion of labellum and projecting style; 4, uppS 

laeZr%d y StlgmaJ * ° Vary ' n6Ctarial * la ° ds and baa « ° WK 


Tab. 8652. 

Costa Rica. 

Palmaceae. Tribe Areceae. 

Chamaedorea, Willd. ; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 910. 

Chamaedorea nana, N. E. Br. in Kew Bulletin, 1914, p. 156 ; species 
C. tenellae, Wendl., affinis sed foliis majoribus confertioribus subglaueis 
spathis superioribus pedunculo vix aequalibus, spadicibus masculis ramosis' 
floribus viridibus et petalis liberis differt. 

Frutex 30-60 cm. altus, omnino glaber. Caulis simplex, 1-3-1-4 cm. crassus, 
annulis 0*5-1 cm. distantibus notatus. Folia simplicia; petiolus 7-5-9 
cm. longus, fere vel usque ad apicem vaginatus, apice 4-5 mm. crassus; 
lamina subobovato-elliptica, basi cuneata, ad medium bifida lobis acutis,' 
leviter glaucescens, costa rigida utrinsecus circiter 11-nerve, marginibus 
exterioribus serrato-dentatis. Pedunculi axillares, solitarii, 15-20 cm. 
longi, 2 • 5-4 mm. crassi, spathis vel vaginis 5 tubulosis acutis vestiti. Spatha 
suprema pedunculum haud excedens vel eo brevior. Spadix masculus 
ramosus, ramis 4-7 recurvato-pendulis simplicibus usque ad 15 cm. longis ■ 
femineus simplex, recurvatus, viridis. Flores sublaxe spicati ; masculi 
oblongi 4 mm. longi, virides, basi lutei, calyce cupuliformi subtrilobo 
1 mm. longo, petalis liberis oblongis apice incurvatis acutis, staminibus 
petalis duplo brevioribus ovario rudimentario subaequalibus ; feminei 
subglobosi, 2-5 mm. diametro, virides, petalis ellipticis vel suborbiculatia 
obtusis concavis, ovario globoso, stylo 0*5 mm. longo, stigmate integro — 
N. E. Brown. 

The pleasing small Palm which forms the subject of 
our figure is a native of Costa Rica whence it was 
imported by Messrs. F. Sander and Sons, St. Albans, to 
whom its introduction to cultivation is due. When first 
distributed by them it was offered under the name 
Chamaedorea pumila. But while it belongs to this genus, 
our plant is very distinct from the true C. pumila] 
Wendl., in its leaves, those of C. pumila being twice as 
long and at the same time much narrower and with 
more acute lobes than in C. nana now described ; the 
peduncle of the female spadix of C. pumila is also much 
longer than that of our plant. Its nearest ally is another 
small species, C. tenella, Wendl., a native of Mexico, 
from which C. nana differs in its larger, more clustered 
leaves which are paler beneath, its shorter upper spathes, 
its branching male spadices, and its green flowers with 
free petals. The material for our illustration has been 

March, 1916. 

mainly derived from a plant obtained for Kew from 
Messrs. Sander in 1913, which flowered in a tropical 
house later in the same year; the inflorescence from 
which our figures of the female flower and pistil have 
been made was borne by a plant in their nursery at 
St. Albans. The species thrives well under stove-treat- 
ment in a loamy soil and a moist atmosphere. The 
Palm family is one with which the idea of a stem of 
considerable height is associated, and only some half- 
dozen species are known in which the stem is less than a 
yard in height. Among these short-stemmed species, 
C.nana is one of the smallest, and an adult example in 
full flower is not too large to be suitable for use as a 
table decoration. 

Description.— Shrub, 1-2 ft. high, quite glabrous; 
stem unbranched, about J in. thick, marked with distant 
annular leaf-scars. Leaves simple; lamina somewhat 
obovate-elliptic, 2-fid to the middle with acute lobes, 
cuneate at the base, somewhat glaucescent especially 
beneath, midrib stout, lateral nerves about 11 to each 
lobe, distal margin serrate-dentate; petiole 3-31 in. 
long, sheathing almost or quite to the apex and there 
6 i t?^ l-j Peduncles axillary, solitary, 6-8 in. long, 
tW m. thick, clothed with 5 tubular acute sheaths or 
spatnes the uppermost shorter or not longer than the 
peduncle. Spadix : male 4-7-branched, the branches 
recurved-pendulous, simple, up to 6 in. in length; female 
simple recurved, green. Flowers rather loosdy spicate ; 
male oblong, l m . long, green with a yellow base; female 

wWoTt' P m ' across ' ^ een - Cal V x cupular, some- 
il*' ver / s h^t. Petals: male free, oblong, 

ZZlu ^ aCUtG at the **« female elliptii or sub- 
m^^f' ,° btU f' ?° ncave - Stamens half ^ long as the 
r, Ift 18 ' •t*?* as lon S as the rudimentary ovary. 
Ovary globose ; style minute ; stigma entire. 

^ol^T^tohTJ^r 6 TV 116 ,? etal removed; 3, a female flower ; 
reducl ^ Cntlre P lant: ~«" enlarged except 5, which is much 


7 ft " 

« 5 





5 :V. : ? :V-j^ 


WncenlBrooka.Dajr aScffil.^unP 

JLReeve 8lC? London. 

Tab. 8653. 
ANDROSACE coccinea. 
South-western China. 

Primulaceae. Tribe Primuleae. 

Androsace, Linn.; Benth. ct Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 032. 

Androsace coccinea, Franch. ex Pax d- Knuth in Engl. Pflanzcnr.-Primnl<ir-. 
vol. iv. pars 237 (1905), p. 185-sub A. Aizoon var. ; Irving in Gard. Chron. 
1915, vol. lviii. p. 44 ; species ab A. Aizoon, Duby, altitudine minora 
inflorescentia tantum pilosa nee glandulosa foliis pilis longioribus densiori- 
busque ciliatis scapis distincte pilosis differt. 

Herba biennis, gracilis, radice crassa lignosa verticali multicipite. Folia 
numerosa, dense rosulata, spathulata, apice obtusa, brevissime mucronu- 
lata, basi valde attenuata, 2 "5-3 "5 cm. longa, 4-7 mm. lata, marginibus 
anguste translucentia vel leviter cartilaginea, valde ciliata, glauca, coriacea. 
glabra vel supra pilis paucis instructa, sessilia. Scapi 1-0, erecti vel 
leviter adscendentes, 5-12 cm. alti, teretes, pilosi, singuli umbellam 5-20- 
floram gerentes ; bracteaelanceolatae, acutae, 4-9 mm. longae, pubescentes 
vel breviter pilosae; pedicelli plus minusve inaequales, 0-8-2*2 cm. longi, 
teretes, pilosi. Calyx turbinatus vel paullo campanulatus, fere ad medium 
fissus, pilosus ; lobi ovato-lanceolati, obtusi vel subacuti, latiuscule scariose 
albo-marginati. Corolla hypocrateriformis tubo calycem aequante fauce 
plus minusve prominenter annulato ; lobi obovati, obtusi, 4-5 mm. longi. 
3-4 mm. lati, patentes, integri vel minutissime crenati, glabri, rubri vel 
intense coccinei. Antherae oblongae, fere sessiles. Ovarium obovoideum, 
basi annulo squamarum indurato circumdatum; stylus brevis, 1 mm. 
longus; stigma leviter capitatum vel truncatum. Capsulae valvae 
plerumque 5 ; semina oblonga, subplana. — A. coccinea, Franch. in Bull. 
Soo. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxiii. (1886) p. 63 (nomen nudum). A. Aizoon, Duby, 
var. coccinea, Franch. in Morot, Journ. de Bot. vol ix. (1895) p. 450. 
A. Bulleyana, Forrest in Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. vol. iv. (1908) p. 233, 
t. xliii A ; Gard. Chron. I.e. p. 44, fig. 13. Primula Aizoon, var. coccinea. 
Derganc in Kneucker, Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. vol. x. (1904) p. 110. — 
M. B. Scott. 

The interesting Androsace which forms the subject of 
our plate is a native of Yunnan where it was first 
discovered by the late Abbe Delavay prior to 1885, and 
whence it was first introduced into European horticulture, 
when its flowering was recorded in the Jardin des Plantes 
in 1891. It was met again in eastern Tibet by the Abbt- 
Soulie in 1893, and was rediscovered by Mr. G. Forrest 
in north-western Yunnan in September, 1906, at an 
altitude of 10,000 feet, on dry rocky hillsides in the 
descent from the Chung-tien plateau to the Yang-tse 
valley near Tang Tui. The name A. coccinea, by which 

March, 1916. 

this plant was known when first introduced to cultiva- 
tion, was given to it by the late Mr. Franchet as long 
ago as 1886, but although the name was duly recorded 
in that year, no description of the plant was then pub- 
lished. After the receipt of Soulie's Tibetan specimens, 
Franchet in 1895 reconsidered his earlier view and, when 
describing the plant, referred it, as a variety, to A. Aizoon, 
Duby, a nearly allied but much larger species which is 
characteristic of similar localities in western Tibet and 
northern Kashmir. While, however, Franchet then used 
for the presumed variety his original specific name, he 
did not formally indicate the identity of the plant 
described with the species already in cultivation as 
A, coccinea. That the two are the same thing was first 
authenticated in the * Pflanzenreich ' in 1905. To Mr. 
Forrest we are indebted not only for the re-introduction 
of this beautiful plant, but for pointing out that it fully 
deserves to be considered a species apart from S. Aizoon, 
though the suggestion that it is distinct also from the 
plant which Franchet referred to that species as var. 
coccinea is now known to have been unnecessary. In 
the * Gardeners' Chronicle' in 1915 caution was enjoined 
on this point, and a careful examination of adequate 
suites of specimens has shown that the minute differences 
relied upon as distinguishing Forrest's plant from the 
original A. coccinea collected by Delavay are not constant. 
The material for our figure has been obtained from one 
of Forrest's plants grown at Kew, where A. coccinea has 
proved somewhat difficult to manage during the winter 
which intervenes between the season in which it forms 
only a rosette of leaves and that in which it produces 
its scapes. It is barely hardy, for while plants in boxes 
in a frame whence frost is excluded thrive well, others in 
pots in an ordinary cold frame suffer many casualties. 
The most suitable soil has been found to be a well- 
drained loam. 

Description.— Herb, biennial, slender with a stout 
woody, several-crowned, vertical root. Leaves numerous 
m a close rosette, sessile, spathulate, obtuse but finely 
mucronulate, much narrowed to the base, 1-1| in. long, 
l~l in. wide, with narrow translucent or slightly 

cartilaginous, strongly ciliate margins, glaucous, coria- 
ceous, glabrous or with, a few hairs on the upper surface. 
Scapes 1-6, erect or slightly ascending, 2-4£ in. long, 
terete, pilose, each supporting a 5-20-flowered umbel; 
bracts lanceolate, acute, ^-\ in. long, pubescent or shortly 
pilose ; pedicels rather unequal, ^— f in. long, terete, 
pilose. Calyx turbinate or somewhat campanulate, pilose, 
divided nearly to the middle into 5 ovate-lanceolate 
obtuse or subacute lobes with wide scarious white 
margins. Corolla salver-shaped; tube as long as the 
calyx ; throat more or less prominently annulate ; lobes 
obovate, obtuse, 1-4- in. long, J— J in. wide, spreading, 
entire or very finely crenate, glabrous, vermilion or 
cinnabar-red. Anthers oblong, almost sessile. Ovary 
obovoid, surrounded at the base by a hard ring of scales ; 
style short ; stigma shortly capitate or truncate. 

Fig. 1, leaf ; 2, hairs from the same ; 3, calyx ; 4, corolla, laid open ; 5 and 6, 
stamens ; 7, pistil : — all enlarged. 

dfcurtf) J?mrs. 

No. 136. 


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Tab. 8054. 


Garden hybrid. 

Orchidaceak. Tribe EpiDKXMiKAE. 
Sophrolaelia, Rolfe in Orch. llcv. 1894, p. 888. 

Sophrolaelia Psyche, Bolfe in Orch. Rev. 1902, p. 55 ; Corjn. et Gooss. Dirt. 
Ic. Orch., Sophrolaelia, t. 1; liolfe d Hurst, Orch. Stud-Book, p. 'i.'Jti ; 
hybrida inter Laeliam cinnabar i nam, Lindl. et Sophronitin grandifloram, 
Lindl., artefacta. 

Hcrba epiphytica; pseudobulbi aggregati, fusiformi-oblongi, 3-6 cm. longi, 
vaginis membranaceis obtecti, monophylli. Folia oblonga, subobtusa, 
suberecta vel recurva, coriacea, 7-12 cm. longa, 2-2 "5 cm. lata. Scapi 
terminales, suberecti, 2-3-fIori ; bracteae subulato-oblongae, acutae, 4-6 
mm. longae; pedicelli 3 '5-4 cm. longi. Flores speciosi, aurantiaci. 
Scpala et petala subrecurva, elliptico-oblonga, subacuta, 2-2-5 cm. longa. 
Labellum trilobum, 2-2 "5 cm. longum; lobi laterales oblongi, circa 
columnam involuti ; lobus intermedins recurvus, lanceolatus, subacutus, 
crispo-undulatus. Columna clavata, circiter 1 cm. longa. Pollinia 8, in 
quoque loculo 4, cerea, compressa, paris inferioris adscendentia, cum eis 
paris superioris descendentibus in quoque loculo appendicula granulosa 
lineari connexa. — E. A. Rolfe. 

The Orchidiwhich forms the subject of our plate is a 
garden plant of hybrid origin which, nevertheless, is of 
sufficient scientific interest to justify a deviation from 
our general practice of excluding from the Botanical 
Magazine illustrations of artificially raised forms. This 
interest does not reside in the fact that the Sophrolaelia 
here figured is the result of a combination between 
species that are referred to two genera usually accepted 
as distinct. As a matter of fact it is but one of fourteen 
hybrids of garden origin which are claimed to have been 
made between species of Laelia and species of Sophronitis. 
Nor is the phenomenon restricted to these two genera ; 
over thirty are recorded as having been produced by 
crossing species of Sophronitis with species of Cattleya, 
and some fifty are enumerated into whose composition 
all three genera mentioned are said to enter. It is clear 
that the relationship between these three genera is so 
close that in their case intercrossing is easy, while the 
considerations which guide us in the delimitation of 
genera remain of necessity matters of opinion and con- 

Ai'itiL, 1916. 

venience. The interest in this case lies in the fact that 
without a knowledge of the history of the origin of 
the plant now described it could hardly fail to be 
taken for a species of Laelia, so predominant in it are 
the characters which mark that genus. Though perhaps 
the most interesting botanically of the forms of Sophro- 
laelia hitherto produced, it is, partly on this account, less 
striking from a cultural standpoint than several of the 
others. The parents of S. Psyche, which was raised by 
Messrs. Charlesworth and Company at Heaton, near 
Bradford, and flowered for the first time in their estab- 
lishment in January, 1902, were Laelia cinnabarina, Lindl., 
figured at t. 4302 of this work, which was the seed- 
bearer, and Sophronitis grandiflora, Lindl., figured in our 
t. 3709. A comparison of our figure with that of the 
seed parent shows that this hybrid in habit closely 
resembles a dwarfed condition of that Laelia, the influence 
of the Sophronitis being only apparent in the somewhat 
modified structure and colour of the flowers. The 
characters of Laelia cinnaharina, however, seem dominant 
in most of its hybrids. The plant figured was presented 
to the national collection at Kew in 1912 by Messrs. 
Charlesworth and Company, and has thriven well in a 
tropical house under the conditions suitable for species of 
Cattleya. It flowered at Kew in February, 1915. 

Description.—^^, epiphytic ; pseudobulbs clustered, 
oblong-fusiform, 1I-2J in. long, 1-foliate, clothed with 
membranous sheaths. Leaves oblong, rather blunt, sub- 
erect or recurved, coriaceous, 3-5 in. long, f-1 in. wide. 
Scapes terminal, subereet, 2-3-flowered ; bracts subulate- 
oblong, acute, |-i in. long; pedicels about 1J in. long. 
L lowers showy, orange-yellow. Sepals and petals somewhat 
recurved, elliptic-oblong, subacute, f-1 in. long. Lip 
3-lobed |-1 in. long ; lateral lobes oblong, folded round 
the column ; mid-lobe recurved, lanceolate, subacute, 
cnspate. Column clavate, about f in. long. Pollinia 8, 
waxy, compressed ; two pairs in each loculus, those of 
the upper pair ascending, of the lower pair pendulous, 
both pairs united by means of a granular linear process. 

Fig. 1, lip ; 2, column ; 3, anther-case ; 4, pollinia :— all enlarged. 


. J N Fitchlith 

Vincent Brooks ,Day &.Son oAmp- 

L Reeve &.C9 London 

Tab. 8655. 

CLEMATIS Pavoliniana. 


Ranuxcclaceae. Tribe Clkmatii>kae. 
Clematis, Linn. ; Bentli. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 8. 

Clematis Pavoliniana, Pampanini in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1910, n.s. 
vol. xvii. p. 270 ; Behder et E. H. Wilson, in Sarg. PI. Wils. vol. i. p. 328 ; 
affinis C Meyenianae, Walp., a qua inflorescentia triflora vel racemosa 
pauciflora, sepalis quam staminibus conspicue longioribus recedit. 

Fritter scandens, praeter flores glaber. Caulcs costati. Folia trifoliolata, 
satis longe petiolata ; foliola petiolulata, ovata, apice acuta vel acuminata, 
basi cordata ad rotundata, 5-10 cm. longa, 3-5 cm. lata, integerrima, 
tenuiter coriacea, glabra, trinervia ; petiolus in basin valde ampliatus, 
applanatus. Inflorescentiae axillares, basi eperulatae, in planta nostra 
trirlorae ; bracteae lanceolatae, acutae, 3-4 mm. longae ; pedicelli 2—4 
cm. longi, laterales basi vel inferne bracteolati. Sepala 4, patentia, 
lanceolata, extra viridia margine albo-pubescente, intus alba, l'5-2 cm. 
longa, 4-5 mm. lata. Stamina numerosa ; filamenta glabra, exteriora 
quam antherae longiora, interiora quam antherae breviora ; antherae 
oblongo-lineares, lateraliter dehiscentes connectivo in cuspidem producto. 
Pistilla pluria, circiter 8 mm. longa ; ovarium pilosum, stylus in sicco 
fulvo-plumosus. — T. A. Sprague. 

The Clematis which forms the subject of our illustration 
occurs throughout a very extensive area in Central China, 
and is met with in all the provinces from Szechuan to 
Chekiang and Fokien. It may be regarded as the 
representative in this region of C. Meyeniana, Walp., 
figured at t. 7897 of this work, which, it would appear, 
is probably confined to southern China. From that 
species C. Pavoliniana is readily distinguished by its 
3-flowered or racemosely 5-7-flowered inflorescence and 
by its considerably larger sepals. From C. uncinata, 
Champ., a form of which species was recently figured at 
t. 8633 of this work, the pilose ovary at once separates 
the present plant. The example from which the material 
for our plate of C. Pavoliniana has been derived was 
raised at Kew from seed collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson 
in the neighbourhood of Ichang, in western Hupeh, where 
the species is said to be abundant in glens and ravines. 
This seed was received at Kew from the Arnold Arboretum 

' April, 1916. 

in March, 1908, and one of the plants raised flowered for 
the first time in June, 1913. We are as yet unable to 
supply definite information as to its ability to withstand 
our climate. It has hitherto been grown on a south wall 
where it has kept quite healthy, but it is doubtful if it 
would thrive without shelter of this kind. In its 
behaviour under cultivation it closely resembles its 
southern ally C. Meyeniana and, having regard to the 
elevations at which it naturally occurs, it probably 
possesses the same power of withstanding cold. It needs 
a good loamy soil, and may be expected to thrive well 
on calcareous formations. Its chief value in gardens 
will be in making an addition to the rather scanty 
number of cultivated climbers which are evergreen. 

Descbiption. — Shrub, all parts save the flowers gla- 
brous ; stems climbing, costate. Leaves 3-foliolate, rather 
long-petioled ; leaflets petiolulate, ovate, acute or acu- 
minate, base cordate to rounded, 2-4 in. long, l|-2 in. 
wide, quite entire, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, 3-nerved ; 
petiole considerably widened at the base, flattened. 
Inflorescence axillary, without bud-scales, in cultivated 
examples 3-flowered ; bracts lanceolate, acute, \-\ in. 
long ; pedicels \-\^ in. long, the lateral bracteolate near 
the base. Sepals 4, spreading, lanceolate, green extern- 
ally with a white pubescent margin, white within, f-j in. 
long, J;-i in. wide. Stamens many ; filaments glabrous, 
the outer longer, the inner shorter than the anthers ; 
anthers oblong-linear, laterally dehiscent; connective 
cuspidately produced. Pistils several, about ^ in. long ; 
ovary pilose; style, when dry, plumose with tawny 

Figs. 1 and 2, stamens ; 3, pistil : — all enlarged. 

-n iith 

^nceribBrooks,DTv&.''. n J - imp- 

Tab. 8656. 
EUONYMUS Bungeanus. 

Manchuria and N. China. 

Celastraceae. Tribe Celastreae. 
Euonymds, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 360. 

Euonymus Bungeanus, Maxim. Primit. Fl. Amur. p. 470 ; Mil. Biol. vol. xi. 
p. 188; Loes. in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xxx. p. 461; Schneider, Laubhohk. 
vol ii. p. 177 ; Render in Sargent, Trees d Shrubs, t. 69 ; foliis longe 
petiolatis caudato-acuminatis distinctus. 

Frutex vel arbuscula, circiter 4 in. alta. Hamuli graciles. Gemmae hibernae 
oblongo-ovoideae, perulis ciliatis. Folia decidua, longe petiolata, elliptica, 
apice caudato-acuminata, basi cuneata, 5-7 " 5 cm. longa, 2-3 cm. lata ; 
petioli 1*7-2 - 5 cm. longi. Cijmae in axillis bractearum caducarum ex 
parte inferiore ramulorum ortae, semel ad ter furcatae. Flores tetrameri. 
Sepala suborbicularia, circiter 1'5 mm. diametro, patentia, deinum 
deflexa. Petala patentia, tandem leviter deflexa marginibus plus minusvc 
reriexis, albido-viridula, ima basi rubella, late ovata, 35 mm. longa, ultra 
2' 5 mm. lata. Discus 4-lobus, intense viridis. Stamina in disci lobis 
insidentia; filamenta crassa, vix 0*5 mm. longa; antherae reniformes, 
kermesinae, circiter 05 mm. longae. Ovarium pyramidale, tetragonum, 
4-loculare, 1 mm. altum ; stylus 0*75-1 mm. longus stigmatibus 4 
minimis inclusis. Ovula pro loculo bina, adscendentia. Capsula 4-loba, 
roseo-alba. Semina sordide rosea ; arillus coccineus, e raphi ortus, 
partem seminis majorem includens, apertura abraphiali.— E. micrantJtus, 
Bunge, Enum. PL Chin. Bor. p. 14, non D. Don.— T. A. Sprague. 

The shrub here described is a member of a group of 
eastern Asiatic species nearly allied to the familiar 
Spindle Tree, Euonymus europaeu*, Linn., but all of them 
easily distinguishable by their purple anthers. The 
species figured, E. Uungeanus, which is at once recognis- 
able by its long-stalked leaves, appears to be confined to 
Manchuria and northern China. There are records of 
its presence further south, but the plants referred to 
are found on examination to belong to other species. 
In the species here dealt with the scarlet aril arises 
from the raphe and envelops the greater part of the 
seed, leaving an irregularly rounded aperture on the 
side opposite to the raphe. In a recent account of 
E. Bungeanus (Mitteil. Deutsch. Gesellsch. 1910, p. 107) 
Dr. Koehne has described an aril of a different type, 
with an apical opening. As, however, he informs us 

April, 1916. 

that the petiole of his plant is often considerably less 
than one-fourth the length of the leaf -blade it appears 
probable that some other species is in question. The 
material for our plate has been provided by a plant 
purchased for Kew in 1891 from Mr. Dieck of Zoeschen, 
which is now about ten feet high and as much across, 
with a graceful habit due to the slender ultimately 
pendulous branches. Unfortunately E. Bungeanus does 
not bear fruit at Kew so regularly as most of its cultivated 
congeners ; in the autumn of 1914, however, it made a 
very pleasing display owing to the abundance of its 
capsules, whose colour is unusual among the hardy 
members of the genus. The plants at Kew promise to 
assume eventually a tree-like form ; they are perfectly 
hardy and grow vigorously in loamy soil. The foliage 
dies off yellow in autumn. In the absence of seeds, 
which are only available in certain seasons, cuttings may 
be used for propagation. 

Description.— Shrub or small tree, about 15 ft. high ; 
twigs slender ; winter buds oblong-ovoid, their scales 
ciliate. Leaves deciduous, long-petioled, elliptic, caudate- 
acuminate, base cuneate, 2-3 in. long, j-lj in. wide; 
petiole f-1 in. long. Cymes arising from the axils of 
deciduous bracts along the lower portion of the twigs, 
once to thrice forked. Flowers tetramerous. Sepals 
suborbicular, very small, spreading, at length deflexed. 
Petals spreading, ultimately slightly deflexed, their 
margins turned back, whitish-green with reddish base, 
wide ovate, small. Disk 4-lobed, bright green. Stamens 
inserted on the lobes of the disk ; filaments stout, very 
short, anthers reniform, purple-crimson. Ovary pyra- 
midal, 4-angled, 4-celled ; style short ; stigmas 4, minute. 
Ovules 2 to each cell, ascending. Capsule 4-lobed, pale 
rose. Seeds dull rose; aril bright red, rising from the 
raphe and enveloping the greater bulk of the seed, 
leaving an aperture on the side away from the raphe. 

Fig. 1, a flower; 2 and 3, seed with its aril, seen from behind and from one 
sule ; 4, seed m section, showing the embryo -.—all enlarged. 


MS del.JN.RWH !ilh 

2 ' 

Vmcenl B-rcdkaDay&S'- 

I . Reeve & C? London. 

Tab. 8C57. 
LUPINUS Chamissonis. 


Lkguminosae. Tribe Gexisteab. 
Lupinus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 480. 

Lupinus Chamissonis, Esclisch. in Mem. Acad. Petersb. vol. x. p. 288 (1826) ; 
Walp. Bepert. vol. i. p. 603 ; Jepson, Fl. W. Mid. Calif, p. 315, Hell*r in 
Muhlenbergia, vol. vi. p. Ill ; species L. albifronti, Benth. affinis sed vix 
fruticulosa, floribus haud unifonniter coeruleis carina eciliata distincta. 

Suffrutex densus, 3-10 dm. altus, ramosus, caulibus sericeo-tomentosis vel 
superne sericeo-pubescentibus indumento subargenteo ramis paucis 
elongatis pluribus abbreviatis. Folia plerumque 5-7-foliolata ; foliola 
oblanceolata, longe cuneatim attenuata, obtusa vel subobtusa breve 
cuspidata, 15-30 mm. longa, 4' 7 mm. lata, utrinque adpresse argenteo- 
sericea ; petiolus 15-25 mm. longus ; stipulae subulatae, ad 5-8 mm. 
petiolo adnatae, parte libera 6-7 mm. longa. Bacemus 5-10 cm. longus, 
laxus vel densiusculus floribus solitariis vel rarius magis minusve vertfcil- 
latis; bracteae lanceolatae, acuminatae, sericeo-tomentosae, ad 1 cm. 
longae, cito caducae ; pedicelli 5-6 mm. longi, albo-tomentelli. Calyci's 
6-7 mm. alti labium superum ad medium vel ultra 2-fidum, inferum 
lanceolatum, obtusiusculum, utrinque albo-tomentosum. Corolla variegata ; 
vexillum explanatum orbiculare, caerulescens vel lilacinum basi maculo 
amplo flavido ornatum, 10-12 mm. altum ; alae late suboblique oblongo- 
ellipticae, obtusissimae, apicem versus caerulescentes, ceterum albidae ; 
carina anguste acute rostrata, eciliata, rostro atro-violaceo excepto albida. 
Ovarium argenteo-tomentosum. Legumen late lineare, 2 ■ 5-4 cm. longum, 
7-8 mm. latum, tomentosum, inter semina oblique impressum. — O. Staff. 

The Papilionaceous genus Lupinus to which the subject 
of our illustration belongs is highly developed in North 
America. The late Mr. Sereno Watson in 1873 published 
a careful revision of the species then known to occur in 
extra- tropical North America which includes accounts of 
fifty-six different forms. During recent years valuable 
contributions towards a more complete knowledge of 
this large and very natural genus, based on an extensive 
acquaintance with its species in the field, have appeared 
in the American botanical journal ■ Muhlenbergia,' and 
in 1910, in the sixth volume of this periodical Mr. A. A. 
Heller, the author of these articles, has expressed his 
belief that in the New World to the north of Mexico, 
no fewer than two hundred and thirty distinct forms 
Aran., 1916. 

occur. Mr. Heller's promised illustrated monograph of 
the North American species has not, however, yet been 
completed, and until it appears the systematic classifica- 
tion of the Lupins must leave much to be desired. The 
species here figured is a low rather dense bushy denizen 
of the sand dunes of the Californian littoral from San 
Diego to a little beyond San Francisco, readily distin- 
guished, among the species with silvery foliage, by the 
large and persistently yellow blotch of the standard. 
The plant which has provided the material for our plate 
was purchased for Kew in 1913 from Messrs. Bees, 
Limited, of Liverpool, under the name L. argenteus. It is 
not, however, the true L. argenteus, Pursh ; nor is it the 
L. argenteus of Agardh which is a form of L. ornatus, 
Dough, or the L. argenteus of Watson which is a form of 
L. laxiflorus, Dough, which are also natives of western 
North America. Our plant, L. Chamissonis, was first 
described by Eschscholtz ninety years ago. Its nearest 
ally is L. aMfrons, Benth., another Californian species 
which has been confused with it, but which is easily 
distinguished by the characters indicated by Dr. Stapf. 
At Kew L. Chamissonis thrives in well-drained light soil 
if planted against a south wall, beginning to flower in 
June and continuing to do so freely till the end of 
November. In the neighbourhood of Los Angeles it is 
said to flower nearly all the year round. At Kew it 
matures good seeds and is thus easily propagated. 

Descbiption.— Undershrub of compact habit; stem 
1-3J ft. high, somewhat silvery silky tomentose or 
upwards silky pubescent, with a few elongated and many 
short branches. Leaves usually 5-7-foliolate, leaflets 
oblanceolate, somewhat obtuse, shortly cuspidate, base 
cuneately narrowed, J-1J in. long, t \-i in. wide, adpressed 
silvery silky on both surfaces; petiole K-l in. long; 
stipules subulate, adnate to the petiole for I-. 1 , i n -> their 
free portion about { in. long. Raceme 2-4 in. long, loose 
or rather compact, the flowers solitary or casually more 
or less whorled; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, silky 
tomentose, up to f in. long, soon caducous; pedicels 
5-j in. long, white tomentellous. Calyx about £ in. long, 
2-hpped, white tomentose ; upper lip 2-fid to or beyond 

the middle, lower lanceolate, rather obtuse. Corolla 
variegated; standard flattened orbicular, blue or lilac 
with a large yellow basal blotch, nearly ^ in. long ; wings 
wide, somewhat obliquely oblong-elliptic, very obtuse, 
blue towards the tip, elsewhere whitish ; keel narrowly 
acutely beaked, eciliate, the beak dark violet, otherwise 
whitish. Ovary silvery tomentose. Pod wide linear, 
1-lf in. long, nearly I in. wide, tomentose, obliquely 
grooved between the seeds. 

Fig. 1, base of petiole and stipules ; 2, leaflet ; 3, calyx, laid open, with 
stamens and pistil ; 4, standard ; 5, wing-petal ; 6, keel-petal ; 7, pistil : — all 



VtnoerrbBrook9,Dacy &.Sca 

L.Roevo&CP London. 

Tab. 8658. 
alnus cordata. 

Italy and Corsica. 

Cupuliferae. Tribe Betuleae. 
Alnus, Linn. ; Benth. ct Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 404. 

Alnus cordata, Desf. Tall. Hort. Paris, ed. 2, p. 244 ; Dippcl, Handb. d. 
Laubkolzk. Teil ii. p. 148 ; Winkler in Engl. Pflanzenr.-Betulaceae, p. 110, 
fig. 26 ; C. K. Schneider, Handb. d. Laubholzk. vol. i. p. 125, fig. 67, e-e' 2 ; 
Henry in Flwes & Henry, Trees of Gt. Brit. <f Irel. vol. iv. p. 949, t. 254 ; 
Briquet, Prodr. Fl. Corse, vol. i. p. 406; species A. subcordatae, C. A. 
Meyer, maxime affinis, sed ramulis glaberrimis, foliis saepe late ovatis 
vel suborbicularibus regulariter crenato-serratis basi majus cordatis, amentis 
masculis brevioribus, strobilis majoribus differt. 

Arbor pyramidalis, ad 24 m. alta cortice griseo-brunneo leviter vemicoso ; 
rarnuli juniores glaberrimi. Folia saepe late ovata vel suborbicularia, 
interdum elliptica, apice acuta acuminata vel rotundata, basi plus minusve 
cordata, rarius rotundata vel truncata, 6-9 cm. longa, 5-7 cm. lata, supra 
glaberrima, atro-viridia, nitida, infra pallidiora, praeter venarum axillas 
barbellatas glaberrima, interdum utrinque punctulis resinosis aspersa ; 
venae laterales primariae utrinsecus 6-10 ; petiolus 2 ' 5-5 cm. longus. 
Amenta mascula 3-6, in racemum terminalem disposita, 5-12 cm. longa. 
Amenta femina (strobili) solitaria vel 2-3 in racemo erecto ; fructifera 
ovoidea vel ellipsoidea, 2*5-3 cm. longa, 1*5-2 cm. lata. Nuculae sub- 
orbiculares ala angusta cinctae. — A. cordifolia, Ten. Fl. Nap. Prodr. p. 54, 
et Fl. Nap. vol. ii. p. 340, t. 99 ; Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1231 ; Loud. Arb. et 
Frut. Brit. vol. iii. p. 1689, fig. 1545; Bertol.Fl. Ital. vol. x.p. 160; Kegel, 
Monogr. Betulac. p. 110, t. 16, fig. 21-27, et in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars 2, 
p. 185 ; Gard. Cbron. 1883, vol. xix. p. 284, fig. 42 ; Piccioli, Piante Legn. 
Ital. p. 281 ; Mouillefert, Traite des Arbres, p. 1131, t. col. 20; Bean, Trees 
& Shrubs, vol. i. p. 179, cum icon. A. neapolitana, Savi, Tratt. Alb. 
Tosc. ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 21. A. macrocarjpa, Req. ex Nyman, Consp. p. 672. 
Betula cordata, Loisel. Notice, p. 139. — S. A. Skan. 

The Italian alder, popularly known in Italy as the 
Ontano Napoletano, is the second of the seventeen species 
comprising the genus to appear in the Botanical Magazine ; 
the other, A. nitida, Endl., from the Western Himalaya, 
is figured at t. 7654. It is a handsome tree, flourishing 
in dry as well as in damp situations, in the former, 
according to Mouillefert, better than either the common 
or the grey alders. Its introduction into this country 
dates from the year 1820, and it is now represented in 
cultivation by many line specimens. The finest known 

An;iL, 1916. 

to Messrs. Elwes and Henry is that growing on the lawn 
at Tottenham House, Savernake, Wiltshire, which is 
69 feet high and has a trunk measuring 9 feet 3 inches in 
circumference at 4 feet from the ground. In height this 
is slightly exceeded by a tree growing near the pond in 
front of Museum No. 1 at Kew. This is 71 feet high, the 
trunk having a girth of 5 feet 8 inches ; from this tree the 
material for our figure was obtained. Though exceeded in 
girth by several others in England the Kew tree surpasses 
in height any other specimen of A. cor data in the British 
Isles. The species is restricted to Southern Italy, from 
the neighbourhood Naples southwards, and the islands of 
Ischia and Corsica. On Mount Serino it forms forests. 
The form figured has been distinguished as var. genuina, 
Winkler (A. cordifolia, a genuina, Hegel), characterised 
by the acute or acuminate leaves, while the form with 
suborbicular leaves, very obtuse or rounded at the apex, 
is known as var. rotundifolia, Dippel (= A. rotundifolia, 
±Sertol). The latter, according to Briquet, is the only 
lorm found in Corsica. It is also met with in Italy, but 
less frequently than the variety genuina. A. cordata var. 
tschmela, Sommier & Levier, from the Caucasus, is pro- 
bably as Winkler suspects, the same as A. subcordata 
VM.vdlosa, Regel A. elliptica, Reg., originally found on 
the banks of the River Salenzara in Corsica, is a natural 
hybrid between A. cordata and A. qlutinosa. The Italian 
alder flowers in March before the appearance of the 
leaves * or growing in damp places such as the margins 
ot ponds and streams there are few more handsome trees ; 

™L S1Ze ? ? e 1 ? aves and their dee P lustrous green 
colour make it perhaps the most desirable of the alders. 

pa g ated UCeS y and Can thus be readi1 ^ P r0 " 

hiJn ESC S P i TI0N -~^ ° f Py ramid *l shape, up to 80 ft. 
twll' ™£ 1 gr v f yish - br ? wn ' Sli g h % verrucose ; young 
orbfonW g h l 0US * if ams often wide °™te or almost 
o™^/r etlmeS elhptic > a P ex acute or acuminate 

ssift r r w les 2^ date ' r % eiy roi !f ded -? r 

slahrn,,= Jtl 2 j J g ' 2_2 T ln - wide, and quite 
oinie oL ' ^ green ' shiain ?' P al <* beneath, and 

quite glabrous save for tufts of hairs hi the angles of the 

nerves, sometimes with resinous dots on both surfaces ; 
main lateral veins 6-10 on each side ; petiole 1-2 in. 
long. Male catkins 3-6 in a terminal raceme, each 
catkin 2-4| in. long. Female catkins (cones) solitary or 
2-3 in an erect raceme ; in fruit ovoid or ellipsoid, 
1-1 \ in. long, ?,— | in. wide. Nutlets suborbicular with a 
marginal wing. 

Figs. 1 and 2, scales with male flowers; 3, a male flower ; 4 and 5, scales 
with female flowers ; 6 and 7, fruit scales with nutlets ; 8, gland-scale from 
nutlet : — all enlarged. 


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^ncenLBrooks,Day hSoni ,l&imp. 


Tab. 8659. 

Western China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron decorum, Franch. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxiii. p. 230 
(1886), et in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. ii. vol. x. p. 45 (1888) ; Hemsl. 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. p. 22 (1889) ; Diels in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
vol. xxix. p. 511 (1900) ; Bean in Flora d Sylva, vol. iii. p. 163 (1905) ; 
Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 109 ; Rehder dt E. H. Wils. in 
Sarg. PI. Wilsonianae, vol. i. p. 541 ; Bean, Trees & Shrubs, vol. ii. 
p. 357 (1914) ; affinis R. Fortunei, Lindl., sed foliis plerumque angustiori- 
bus, floribus emaculatis differt. 

Frutex usque ad 5 m. altus ; raruuli robusti, glabri. Folia oblonga vel oblongo- 
elliptica, utrinque rotundata vel basi attenuata, apice obtuse mucronata, 
7-12 cm. casu usque ad 20 cm. longa, 2-5-5 cm. lata, rigide coriacea, 
utrinque glabra, supra arete reticulata ; costa supra leviter impressa, infra 
prominens, laminae apicem versus sensim attenuata; nervi laterales 
utrinsecus 9-12, a costa sub angulo 70° abeuntes, prominenter furcati, 
utrinque prominuli ; petioli 1-1-5 cm. longi, robusti, supra fere plani, 
infra subcariuati. Inflorescentia circiter 10-flora, 20 cm. expansa ; 
pedicelli robusti, 3-3-5 cm. longi, glandulis subsessilibus parce induti. 
Calyx bene evolutus, cupularis, 2 "5-3 mm. altus, extra et margine 
undulato parce glandulosus. Corolla alba vel leviter albo-viridis vel rosea ; 
tubus 3 cm. longus, glaber ; limbus 8-9 cm. expansus, lobis 7 suborbicu- 
laribus emarginatis circiter 2*5 cm. latis. Stamina 16; filamenta inferoe 
parce puberula, usque ad 3 cm. longa; antherae vix exsertae, pallide 
brunneae, 5 mm. longae. Ovarium 10-loculare, oblongum, glandulis sub- 
sessilibus dense indutum; stylus exsertus, robustus, 4*5 cm. longus, 
omnino glandulosus, stigmate capitato 4*5 mm. diametro coronatus. 
Fructus durus, 4 cm. longus, apice circiter 1*5 cm. crassus, leviter rugosus ; 
pedicelli fructiferi 4 cm. longi.— R. lucidum, Franch. in Journ. de Bot. 
vol. ix. p. 300 (1895), fide Rehd. & E. H. Wils. I.e. R. vcrnicosum, Franch. 
I.e. vol. xii. p. 258 (1898). R. Spooneri, Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. in Kew 
Bull. 1910, p. 110.-J. Hutchinson. 

According to Mr. E. H. Wilson, Rhododendron decorum 
is widely distributed in Western China. First introduced 
by Delavay in 1887 through seeds from Mt. Tsong-chan, 
Yunnan, at 6700 feet, young plants were obtained for 
Kew from the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, in 1839. It was 
next met with by David at Mupine in Szechuan, and 
was found again in that region by Wilson. For a time 
it remained rare in collections, but has now become 

May, 1916. 

plentiful, having been found bv Forrest on the Lichiang 
and Tali ranges at 9,000-11,000 feet, within and on the 
margins of pine forests. The plant figured was raised from 
seed collected by Forrest and presented to Kew by Mr. J. C. 
Williams of Caerhays in 19 1 1. R. decorum appears to vary 
considerably in colour of flower and in habit. The plants 
raised in France in 1888 were thin and rather gaunt ; 
those of recent origin are more compact and promise 
to be attractive and hardy garden shrubs, in general 
facies resembling R. Fortune/, Lindl., figured at t. 5596 
of th;s work, but with usually narrower coriaceous leaves 
and larger unspotted flowers, which are very fragrant. 

Description.— Shrub, reaching 16 ft. in height ; twigs 
stout, glabrous. Leaves oblong or oblong-elliptic, rounded 
at both ends or narrowed to the base, the apex bluntlv 
mucronate, usually 3-5, at times up to 8 in. long, 1-2 in. 
wide, firmly leathery, glabrous on both sides and closelv 
reticulate above; midrib slightly sunk above, raised 
beneath and gradually narrowing upwards; lateral 
nerves 9-12 on each side, leaving the midrib at an angle 
of about ,0°, distinctly forked and raised on both 
surfaces; petiole J-| in. long, stout, almost flat above, 
faintly keeled beneath. Inflorescence about 10-flowered, 

Lw ^TV Pedicels stout > H-l* in - ^g, sparingly 
be,et with almost sessile glands. Calyx well developed, 
cup-snaped - s - m. deep, sparingly glandular outside 
and round the undulate mouth. Corolla usually white, 
vZ Tu T, th a f eenish tiri § e ' sometimes flushed with 
\2l: 7 ? m \ lon ?' g^brous; limb 3±-3i in. across, 

S/,?»/; i^° rblCular ' emar §^ate, about 1 in. broad. 
rnW L! ' fiIame u nts U P to H in. long, sparingly pube- 
rulous bdow ; anthers barely exserted, pale brown, | in. 

ZLt 2> C( 7 °" C f lled ' ° blong ' dense ^ c °vered with 
dandul^T^ ' legl r ds ; ^ ^serted, stout, 1| in. long, 

? w L^ 0I l g ^V stigma ca P itate ' over i in - across - 

top, slightly rugose ; pedicels in fruit about U in. long. 

5, lllneS- YllthJr h"& "* pistU '" 3 ' cal >" x - with section of ovary ; 4 and 
. o,antner, 7, transverse section of ovary :-«« enlarged. 


M.S dei JN HtoK lit 

Wnceri Brooks Day&3on^ 

Tab. 8660. 
PENTSTEMON rupicola. 

North America. 

Scrophulariaceae. Tribe Cheloneae. 
Pemtstemon, Mitch. ; Benth, et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 940. 

Pentstemon rupicola, Howell, Ft, N.W. Amer. p. 510, 1903; affinis P. 
Newberryi, A. Gray, sed sepalisoblongo-ellipticis subacutis baud acuminatis 
corolla ventricosa majore antheris baud vel vix exsertis apte distinguenda. 

Herba basi ramosa caulibus ascendentibus junioribus dense puberulis superne 
plus minusve glandulosis. Folia ovata, apice acuta, basi cuneata, 
saepissime circiter 7 mm. longa et 5"5 mm. lata, margine serrata, crassius- 
cula costa et nervis indistinctis plus minusve ciliolatis. Floret ad ramorum 
apicem aggregati pedicellis 6 mm. longis glanduloso-pubescentibus ; 
bracteae foliis similes nisi angustiores ; bracteolae lanceolatae, acutae, 
2 mm. longae, 1 mm. latae. Sepala oblongo-elliptica, acuta, 7 mm. longa, 
3*5 mm. lata, utrinque leviter glandulosa. Corolla conspicue bilabiata, 
ventricosa, roseo-coccinea ; tubus 2-5 cm. longus, basi 4 mm. diametro, 
7 mm. supra basem constrictus, 3 mm. diametro, deinde anipliatus fauce 
1 cm. diametro ; labium anticum 1-2 cm. longum, 1-5 cm. latum, trilobum 
lobis lateralibus 5 mm. longis 4*5 mm. latis, lobo medio minore; labium 
po3ticum 1-2 cm. longum, 1*1 cm. latum, bilobum lobis 5 mm. longis 
4-5 mm. latis. Stamina 4 ; filamenta 2 cm. longa ; antherae liberae, dense 
comosae. Staminodium 1-5 cm. longum, inferne glabrum, superne barba- 
tum. Ovarium cylindrico-ovoideum, 4 mm. altum, 2 mm. diametro, gla- 
brum ; stylus 2-7 cm. longus, glaber.— P. Newberryi, A. Grav, var. ri<],icola, 
Piper in Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, vol. xxvii. p. 397, 1900; KrautterinContrib. 
Bot. Lab. Univ. Pennsylv. vol. hi. no. 2, p. 102, 1908.— W. B. Turkill. 

This charming Pentstemon has recently found its way 
into cultivation in England, and we are indebted to 
Mr. C. Elliott, Six Hills Nursery, Stevenage, for the 
example figured. The plant was obtained by Mr. Elliott 
in 1910, and has been grown as P. David 'sonii, Greene. 
It is, however, very distinct from that Californian plant, 
being much more closely allied to P. Newberryi, A. Gray, 
a more northern species which has itself been by some 
authors treated as a form of P. Memiesii, Hook. The 
original material of P. rupicola came from dry rocky cliffs 
on Mt. Rainier, Washington, at 7500 feet above sea-level ; 
with this Mr. Piper, who looked on the species as only 
a variety of P. Newberryi, associated material collected 
by Mr. Allen on the Goat Mountains, also in Washington. 
Allen s plant agrees with that now figured in every respect, 
May, 1916. L 

even in having the staminode strongly bearded above, 
though in the hitherto published accounts of P. rupicola 
this is described as glabrous. To Mr. Howell we are 
indebted for the definite separation of P. rupicola from 
P. Newberryi, and although Mr. L. Krautter in his * Com- 
parative Study of the Genus Pentstemon ' has reverted 
to Piper's arrangement, it seems more desirable to adopt 
that of Howell. Piper reports the occurrence on Mount 
Adams of a plant with the depressed habit and thick 
leaves of P. rupicola, but with the corolla of P. Newberryi. 
The place of P. rupicola in the genus is within Bentham's 
section Erianthera, on account of its dwarf habit, and 
its densely comose anthers which open longitudinally 
throughout their extent. At Kew P. rupicola has proved 
hardy in a sunny position in the rock garden facing 
south and grown under moraine conditions. It flowers 
in May, and, although it has failed to ripen its seeds, 
may be readily propagated by cuttings. 

Description.— Herb, dwarf, prostrate and branching 
at tne base; stems ascending above, denselv puberulous 
and more or less glandular upwards. Leaves ovate, 
acute, base cuneate, usually about ± in. long and ± in. 
wide, margin serrate, rather thick, with the midrib and 
nerves more or less ciliolate, but otherwise barely dis- 
tinguishable. Flowers clustered at the tips of the 

w£ Hn P ^ diC f S * iri ' lon S> glandular-pubescent; 
bracts like the leaves but smaller; bracteoles acute, 

llZi l% ~ 2T Y 1 '- Wide " Se P aU oblong-elliptic, acute, 
dkfU+r* 9°r g ' t m * wMe ' sli S ht1 ^ g la ndular. Corolla 
clistinctly 2-hpped ventricose, rose-carmine ; tube 1 in. 

then l£: W1 a Q ° W ; narrowed to J in. above the base, 
lower T^ T d T T Vards and I in - ™de at the throat 

&5L**?' T; t ln - wide ' 3 - lobed > lateral i°b es 

obfs M n i n C ^ d - l0be ' * in ' lon g' l W er liP Globed, 
free den^ S r em * ; fila ™nts fin. long ; anthers 
below ^fi Y ^T lly; stamin °de 1 in. long? glabrous 

' in ',orn d 1 ^° Ve - °""* ^indric-ovoidTi £. long, 
r* m. across, glabrous; style over 1 in. long, glabrous. 

"«t , o, aninci , b, staminode -.—all enlarged. 



L Reeve &C^Londc 

Tab. 8G61. 


Siberia to Central Europe. 

Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Cytisus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 484. 

Cytisus ratisbonensis, Schaeff. Bot. Exped. (1760) tab. in lib. prim. ; Kerner 
Abh. Pflanzengcst. Khma u. Boden, p. 15; Schneider, Laubhobk vol ii 

p. 50, figs. 32 k-o, 33 a-b ; Bean, Trees £ Shrubs, vol. i. p. 462; specie's a 
caetens e grege C. Mrsuti, Linn., ramis novellis calyce legumineque sericeo- 
pubescentibus distincta. 

Fruticidus ramis vetustis e basi prostrata adscendentibus novellis erectis 
adpresse senceo-pubescentibus. Folia petiolata ; foliola obovato-oblon«a 
yel obovata vel oblanceolata, supra glabra, subtus cinereo-sericeo. Flores 
in ramis annotinis solitarii vel saepius 2-3-nati longe racemose dispositi, 
1 6-2cm. longi. Calyx tubulosus, circiter 1 cm. longus, adpresse sericeus. 
Corolla lutea, vexillo glabro saepe maculo rubro-brunnescente ornato 
Jjeaumm lineari-oblongum, adpresse sericeum.— C. ratisbonensis, var. 
vulgaris, Aschers. & Graebn. Syn. Mitt. Eur. Fl. vol. vi. Abt. ii p 324 
C. lursutus, subsp. ratisbonensis, var. ratisbonensis, Briq. Etud. Cytis. Alp." 

A considerable interest attaches to the familiar and 
long-established garden plant which forms the subject of 
our illustration. Among the shrubby Brooms hardy with 
us there are few more attractive than this one, which 
has been in constant cultivation at Kew for at least 
seventy years, probably for a much longer period, and is 
still planted in quantity for the charming display which 
it gives every year when in flower in early May. This 
species appears to be the Cytisus figured at t. 308 of the 
Botanical Eegister as C. bijtorus, where it is recorded as 
having been introduced from Hungary by Mr. James 
Gordon about 1760. The figure in question was based 
on a plant grown in the Cambridge Botanic Garden and 
agrees m all respects with typical C. ratisbonensis except 
in the absence of the reddish-brown blotch usually present 
on the standard of this species. The true C. biflorus, 
l. Merit., which has been considered by Ascherson and 
Graebner a variety of C\ ratisbonensis, has flowers which 
are of a purer yellow and differs besides in its narrower 

May, 1916. 

leaflets, longer and narrower calyx-tube, and more silvery 
indumentum. Yet another Hungarian form has been 
figured by Waldstein and Kitaibel (PL Rar. Hung. t. 166) ; 
this has pure yellow flowers and has been considered by 
Kerner a state of C. ratisbonensis ; in reality, however, 
it approaches more closely to the true C. biftorus. Not 
impossibly these two Brooms, C. ratisbonensis and C. bU 
florus, are not always separable, the limits between them 
becoming obliterated either by crossing or from con- 
vergent fluctuations. The plant now figured may there- 
fore be such an intermediate state which has become 
persistent in cultivation and given rise to a fairly 
characteristic garden form. In favourable conditions 
vigorous plants produce sprays over a foot long, covered 
with blossom. If given a loamy soil and a sunny situa- 
tion it succeeds without further trouble ; its abundant 
seed makes propagation easy. In the wild state C. ratis- 
bonensis extends from Western Siberia through Central 
and Southern Russia, Silesia, Bohemia and Hungary to 
Southern Bavaria, while there is an isolated area in 
Inunngia. The material for our plate was provided 
by a plant m the collection of Leguminosae at Kew. 

Description.-A small shrub, old branches ascending 
irom a prostrate base, young shoots erect, adpressed 
silky-pubescent. Leaves distinctly stalked ; leaflets obo- 
vate-oblong or obovate or oblanceolate, glabrous above, 
grey-silky beneath. Flowers f-f in. long, produced 
singly or m twos or threes along the shoots of the 
previous season so as to form long racemose spravs. Calyx 
tubular about f in. long, adpressed silky. Corolla yellow, 
standard glabrous in the wild plant often with a reddish- 
brown blotch which is usually absent in the garden form. 
J od linear-oblong, adpressed silky. 

o f S^^S!tpi^^^^S petal; 3 > kee1 ^ 4 >^ tion 



Vmcent-BrookSjDay & i 

I-Reeve&C?I. ( 

Tab. 8662. 
eria tomentosa. 

Lido- China. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Eeia, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 509. 

Eria tomentosa, Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. v. p. 803 ; aff. E. ornatae LinrTl 
bracteis ovatis inulto brevioribus floribua minoribus et labello' latiore 


Herba epiphytica, rhizomate crasso lignoso ; pseudobulbi inter se dittanies 
late ovoidei vel globoso-ovoidei, subeompressi, 4-6 cm. lor^i 2-3r,hvllV 
Folia breve petiolata, lanceolata vel elliptico-lanceolata, subacuta, co riacea 
recurva, 9-22 cm. longa, 16-4 cm. lata. Scapi suberecti, 25-33 cm W* 
basi vagims sat numerosis imbricatis vestiti, praesertim superne brunne°o- 
tomentosi, multiflor. ; bracteae mediocres, ovatae vel ovato-lanceo latae 
subobtusae margme paullo reflexae, 1-5-2 cm. longae, parce pubesccntes' 
pulchre rubro-aurantiacae; pedicelli 3-3-5 cm. longi, brunneS-tomentosi' 
Flores med.ocres, extra brunneo-tomentosi. Sepala subconnh entia ■ 
posticum oblongum subobtusum, 1-3-1-5 cm. longum; lateralis sub! 
aequaba, basi dilatata mentum breve formantia. Petala linear! -oblong 
subacuta, 1-11 cm. longa. Labellum recurvum, trilobum, 1-2-1 4 "m' 
longum ; lobus mtermedius obovatus, subobtusus, recurvus, undulatus •' 
lob! lateralis angusti, obtusi ; discus obtuse tricarinatus, carinis crenuttiV 
Columna oblonga 4 mm. longa. PoUinia 8, subglobosa.- E. omote 

SSfcft Tl L T-7 S ° 7 C - VoL J iii - P- 48 ' excl - *?£> ^c auct. ejusd n 
Gen & Sp. Orcb. Epidendrum tomentosum, Koenig in Bete. Obs. vol iii 
p. 06. — ±4. A. IvOLFE. 

The striking Eria here figured is one for the material 
of which we are indebted to Sir F. W. Moore, by whom 
it was flowered in 1915 in the collection at Glasnevin 
where it has been in cultivation since 1913, when it was 
purchased, with some other orchids, from Mr. Pauwels 
Meiralbeke Ghent, as a new importation not well estab- 
lished. After one or two trials it was found, Sir Frederick 
Moore informs us to succeed best in the warm end of 
the intermediate house, with a night temperature not 
falling below 58° F. Though the leaves are thick and 
leathery it appears to dislike too much sun. Straggling 
in growth, with pseudobulbs up to five inches apart and 
with spare, thm, wiry roots given off under each bulb 
the plant is unsmted to pot-culture and does best 
suspended in a basket near the glass. The roots may be 

May, 1916, " 

bent backwards till they take hold in the soil. It 
requires a fair amount of rest when growth is com- 
pleted and, in a basket, may be given abundance of 
water during the growing season. It evidently resents 
too low a temperature and too much direct sunlight. In 
the original basket there were apparently two distinct 
plants, one with the tomentum distinctly paler, but 
except in this character the two do not differ, and they 
must be regarded as merely forms of one species. The 
consignment of which this Eria formed part included a 
Coelogyne which on flowering proved to be C. pachybulbon, 
RidL, a circumstance which indicates Siam as almost 
certainly the country of origin of this Eria also. As to 
the identity of the species figured there is no doubt ; it 
agrees with the ' Indian ' plant mentioned under E. omata, 
Lindl., figured at t. 8642 of this work, as having been 
confused by Lindley with that Malayan species, but as 
having been afterwards distinguished therefrom by 
Hooker as E. tomentosa owing to its being the species 
originally described by Koenig as Epidendrum tomentosum. 
A comparison of the two illustrations will show that, as 
Hooker pointed out in 1890, E. tomentosa, now figured, has 
relatively shorter and broader bracts than E. omata has. 
Ihe flowers also differ in colour, and the leaves in the 
example depicted are narrower than those of E. omata, 
though this last character does not hold good for all the 
dried specimens from which E. tomentosa has hitherto 
been somewhat imperfectly known. This species is only 
to be accounted an < Indian' one because of its presence 
in the Khasia Hills which, however, lie east of the 
Brahmaputra and have a flora which is Indo-Chinese 
rather than Indian. Its other known localities, Chitta- 
gong lenassenm and now Siam, are Indo-Chinese, a fact 
which suggests that the Pungah plant obtained by Mr. 
Curtis also mentioned under t. 8642 of this work, may 
belong to L .tomentosa, which we may perhaps regard as the 
geographical representative in Indo-China of the Malayan 
Jii. omata. 

Description--//^, epiphytic; rootstock stout, 
woody ; pseudobulbs remote, wide-ovoid or ovoid-globose, 
somewhat compressed, 1J-2J in. long. 2-3-leaved. Leaves 

shortly stalked, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, rather 
acute, coriaceous, recurved, 3^-9 in. long, -jj--l£ in. wide. 
Scapes suberect, many-flowered, 10-13 in. long, base 
clothed with imbricate sheaths, brown-tomentose especi- 
ally upwards ; bracts medium-sized, §-§ in. long, ovate or 
ovate-lanceolate, rather blunt, their margins somewhat 
reflexed, sparingly pubescent, bright orange-red ; pedicels 
1J-1J in. long, brown-tomentose. Flowers medium- 
sized, brown-tomentose externally. Sepals somewhat 
connivent ; the upper oblong, rather blunt, J~f in. long ; 
lateral subequal, dilated at the base and there forming a 
short mentum. Petals linear-oblong, somewhat acute, 
under J in. long. Lip recurved, 3-lobed; mid-lobe 
obovate, rather blunt, recurved, undulate ; lateral lobes 
narrow, blunt ; disk bluntly 3-keeled, the keels crenulate. 
Column oblong, i in. long. Pollinia 8, nearly globose. 

Fig. 1, a flower, the sepals and lip removed; 2, lip; 3, anther-cap; 
4, pollinia : — all enlarged. 

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MS. del JN.Rlch.litk. 

L-Reevp, &. CoLon-dorv 

Tab. S663. 



Liliaceae. Tribe Aloineae. 
Aloe, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. /. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 775. 

Aloe arborescens, var. natalensis, Berger in Engl. Pflanzenr., As2)Jwdel.- 
Aloin. p. 290; a typo foliis glaucis supra subplanis pedunculoque sub- 
simplici differt. 

Frutex altus, e basi multiramosua ; rami erecti vel erecto-patentes. Folia ad 
ramorum apices dense congesta, e basi dilatata ensiformia, supra gradatim 
attenuata, reflexa vel subfalcatim deflexa, 45-50 cm. longa, 5 cm. lata, 
supra subplana, subtus convexa, glauca, ad apicem rubescentia, anguste 
cartilagineo-marginata ; dentes hamato-incurvi, inferiores 4 mm. longi et 
inter se 10 mm. distantes, superiores 10-20 mm. distantes. Pedunculvs 
erectus vel arcuato-erectus, robustus, 40-50 cm. altus, simplex vel ramo 
brevi lateral! praeditus ; racemus 20-25 cm. longus ; bracteae steriles 
plures, late deltoideae ; bracteae fertiles dense imbricatae, ovato-oblougae, 
obtusae, rubescentes, demum brunneae, scariosae. Perianthium 3 • 8-4 ■ 5 cm! 
longum ; tubus rectus vel leviter curvatus, infra medium constrictus, ruber ; 
segmenta 3-5-nervia, exteriora subacuta, interiora obtusa, viridia. Slant inn 
breviter exserta— A. natalensis, Wood & Evans in Journ. Bot. 1901, p. 170, 
and Natal Plants, t. 258 ; Schoenl. in Bee. Albany Mus. vol. i. p. 43 (1903).' 
A. arborescens, Salm-Dyck, Monogr. Aloes, § 26, fig. 3 ; Baker in Journ'. 
Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 175, et in Dyer, Fl. Cap. vol. vi. p. 322, partim ; 
Berger in Gartenwelt, vol. x. p. 13, cum icon. (1905).— C. H. Weight. 

The typical form of Aloe arborescens, Mill., which was 
originally described in the eighth edition of the Gardeners' 
Dictionary, has long been known in cultivation and was 
figured at t. 1306 of this work. It is readily distinguished 
from all the five varieties which have at various times 
been associated with it in its arborescent habit, its trunk 
at times reaching a height of over twelve feet. Mr. 
Berger, who has recently subjected the genus to careful 
study, has retained the stemless or short-stemmed forms 
in A. arborescens, and has proposed for the original tall- 
stemmed plant the varietal name Milleri, The short- 
stemmed form now figured, which competent South 
African botanists seem disposed to consider a distinct 
species, Mr. Berger has treated as only a variety, var. 
natalensis, and Mr. Wright has accepted Berger's view. 
This variety has had a history quite as prolonged as that 

June, 1916. 

of Miller's original plant. It is recorded as having been 
grown at Amsterdam by Adrian van der Stel as long ago 
as the beginning of the eighteenth century. It was first 
figured in the monograph published by Prince Salm- 
Reifferscheid-Dyck in 1817. It is distinguishable from 
Miller's plant not only in habit but in having the leaves 
almost flat instead of channelled near the middle on the 
upper side and in having the raceme, at least when young, 
conical rather than cylindric. The inner perianth- 
segments are sometimes yellowish. The material for our 
plate has been supplied from a plant grown in the garden 
of Lady Hanbury at La Mortola. As a wild plant our 
variety has been met with by the late Dr. Medley Wood 
at altitudes of 800-3,000 feet in Natal, and by Dr. S. 
Schoenland at an altitude of 1,000 feet in Komgha, 
always in rocky situations. The various varieties of 
A. arbor escens are among the easiest of Aloes to cultivate. 
They grow vigorously in poor gravelly soil provided the 
position given be a sunny one in a warm house, and if 
they receive a fair allowance of water at the root in 
summer. One of the stemless varieties is very commonly 
grown as a window plant in country cottages. ' 

Description.— Shrub, freely branching at the base; 
branches erect or slightly spreading. Leaves densely 
clustered at the tips of the branches, ensiform from a 
broad base, gradually narrowed upwards, reflexed or 
falcately deflexed, about 1± ft. long, 2 in. wide, nearly 
flat above, convex beneath, glaucous, reddish towards 
the tips, margin narrowly cartilaginous ; teeth incurved- 
hooked, the lower J in. long and J in. apart, the upper 
|-§ in. apart. Peduncle erect or upcurved, stout, up to 
1 5 ft. long, simple or at times with a short lateral branch ; 
raceme 8-10 in. long; sterile bracts rather numerous, 
wide deltoid; fertile bracts closely imbricate, ovate- 
oblong, blunt, reddish, becoming brown and scarious. 
Perianth l|-lf in. long ; tube straight or slightly curved, 
narrowed below the middle, red ; lobes 3-5-nerved, the 
outer somewhat acute, the inner blunt, green. Stamens 
slightly exserted. 

Fig. 1, perianth; 2 and 0, stamens; 4, pistil :— all enlarged. 


M S .del . J . II Fitch life 

Vincent Bi'oaks,r>«y 8*-E 

Tab. 8664. 
SAXEGOTHAEA conspicua. 



Saxboothaba, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gm. Plant, vol. iii. p. 434 ! Pilrjcr 
m Engl. Pflanzcnr. vol. iv. Abteil. 5 {Taxaceae), p. 42. 

Saxegothaea conspieua, Lindl. in Journ. Hort. Soc. vol. vi. (1851) p 258 et 
in Lindl. J Part. Flotv. Qard.YOl.ii (1851-1852), p. Ill, cum icon.; 
0. Gay, Fl. GUI. vol. v. p. 412; DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars ii. p. 497- 
Masters in Gard. Chron. 1887, vol. ii. p. 684, figs. 130, 131, et l.c . 1889 
vol v. p. 782, fig 125 ; Kent in Vcitch Mm. Conif. p. 158, fig. 55; Elwel 
A Henry, Trees of Great Brit. & Irel. vol. vi. p. 1459 ; species unica. 

Arbor ad 9 m. alta velfrutcx, ramulis angulatis, novellis cortice pallide viridi 
tectis vetustis flavido-fuscis. Folia per 4-5 annos persistentia, linearia, 
mucronata, 6-10 mm. longa, l'5-3 mm. lata, coriacea, supra saturate 
viridia, subtus lmis binis latis stomatiferis albis notata, costa utrinque 
prommula, marginibus incrassatis. Strobili mascidi e foliorum superiorum 
axilhs orti, solitarii, cylindrici, basi squamarum ovatarum aoutarum paribus 
binis suffulti, 4-6 ram. longi, brunnei. Strobili feminei ramulos termi- 
nantes, subglobosi, virides, 6-8 mm. longi ; squamae inferiores steriles, 
caeterae ovuhferae, triangulari-ovatae, mucronatae, basi lata affixae, 
crassae, supra basin versus ovulum in fossa immersum solitarium gerentes ; 
ovulum epimatio libero albido fere totum circumdatum. Fructus carnosus] 
globosus, muricatus, e squamis praeter apices induratos liberos connatis 
formatus, 1 cm. diametro demum inter squamas dehiscens. Semina cum 
quoque fructu circiter 6, rotundato-ovata, compressa, bimarginata. 4 mm 
longa.— 0. Staff. 

The interesting Coniferous genus Saxe/jothaea was first 
discovered by Mr. W. Lobb in 1846 in the Chilean 
province of Llanquihue, at the Bay of Coman about 
.Lat. 42° S., and was named by Professor Lindley after 
H.R.H. the Prince Consort. It is further represented at 
Kew by specimens from the neighbourhood of Valdivia 
and from Chiloe, while Dr. Pilger records its collection by 
Mr. Dusen in Western Patagonia, though it is not clear that 
this means more than Southern Chile. As a cultivated 
plant S. cowpicua, the only species of the genus, thrives 
best in the milder parts of the British Islands, and particu- 
larly in the west of Ireland. For the material for our 
figure we are indebted to the Marquess of Sligo in whose 
collection at Westport House, Mayo, it flowered freelv in 

June, 1916. J 

1913. There are specimens between thirty and forty 
feet high at Strete Ralegh and Coldrenick. At Kew the 
species is very slow growing. A plant in the Taxad 
collection, although well furnished and to all appearance 
quite healthy, is only some four feet high, though it is 
now over thirty years old. It is the survivor of three 
plants once growing in close proximity, of which the two 
others were killed by the great frosts of February, 1895, 
when the thermometer fell nearly to zero F. on three 
successive nights. The survivor has never been in the 
least affected by frost since then. Cuttings of nearly 
ripe wood strike root quite freely if placed in a mildly 
heated frame and kept close. It thrives well in loamy 
moist soil, but like most Chilean trees and shrubs will no 
doubt succeed equally well in peat. The genus Saxe- 
gothaea has recently been the subject of morphological 
study by Mr. Stiles, Mr. R. B. Thomson, Miss M. S. 
Young and others, and the opinion appears to be 
generally held that it forms a connecting link between 
the Podocarpeae and the Araucarieae, though a member of 
the former rather than of the latter group. Miss Young 
has called attention to the striking development of the 
nucellar tissue which protrudes through the micropyle 
where it expands to form a stigma-like knob. She also 
points out that m its early stages the ovule is perpen- 
rS% ? + SCale L and ° nl y becomes inverted as the 
deviln^ 7 g /^ th - A Similar ' but less conspicuous 
rar^Tf- ° f ^ ^ CelIar tissue occu ™ in the Aran- 
Th7™ A T P y actl ^ aU 7 ™known among Angiosperms. 
Jar IZ % r l 7 al ¥ d genuS is the Tatmanian Micro- 

™;^ ? , V ? aCt ° f con siderable interest from a 
geographical standpoint. 

twSf 2Tr?l~i Tree J°~*° ft - hi S h or at «me8 a shrub; 
teX vJ n ' ^ When y0Un g P a ^-green, when older^ 
muoSi T , - Le T S P ersisti "S for 4-6 years, linear, 
E^wi~fc m ' ? ng? 4~i in ' wide > coriaceous, dark 
ferous w\ ' Tf 1 W [ th two broad > white s tomati- 
ife^ /^ her P romi ^nt on both sides, 
most Ztl v?- Mae Cmes in the axils oi the upper- 

aTufe tosc^r^t^ to 1 , ^ FZ ^ ™1 
aK,0 » i t m. long, brown. Female cones at 

the tips of the twigs, almost globose, green, J-J in. long; 
lower scales barren, the others bearing ovules, triangular- 
ovate, mucronate, attached by a wide base, thick, each 
with a solitary ovule, sunk in a depression somewhat 
above the base; ovule almost surrounded by a free 
envelope. Fruit fleshy, globose, muricate, composed of 
scales which are connate except at their free hardened 
tips, over £ in. across, ultimately dehiscing between the 
scales. Seeds about 6 to each cone, rounded-ovate, 
compressed, 2-marginate, £ in. long. 

Fig. 1, leaf; 2, male catkin; 3, anther; 4, part of female cone; 5, ovule 
with the free margins of the epimatium turned back ; 6, ovule with one half of 
the integument removed, showing in the centre the nucellus with its s'tigma- 
hke prolongation ; 7, fruit; 8, seed:— all enlarged except 7, which is of natural 
size. J 



Vincent. Brooks, Day &.Son 

i &.Co. London 

Tab. 8605. 
RHODODENDRON charianthum. 

Western China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn.-, Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron charianthum, Hutchinson ; species nova B. longistylo, Rehd 
et Wils , et B Davidsomano, Rehd. et Wils., affinis; ab illo foliis subtus 
dense glanduloso-punctatis, calyce vix evoluto, ab hoc corollis intra 
conspicue et dense rubro-maculatis, stylo inferne parce pubescente differt. 

Frutex parce ramosus; ramuli juniores foliati, graoiles, apicem versus parce 
lepidoti, cortice brunneo longitudinaliter verruculoso obtecti. Folia 
oblanceolata vel oblanceokto-elliptica, apice obtuse mucronata, ad basin 
cuneato angustata, 2-5-5 cm. longa, 1-2 cm. lata, tenuiter coriacea 
margine minute crenulata utrmque glandulis minimis aureis inter se 0-25- 
0-5 mm. distantibus ornata, ceterum glabra; costa infra prominens ; nervi 
laterales utrmsecus 7-9, supra paulum elevati, infra prominuli ; petioli 
3-6 mm. longi, parce lepidoti. Flores 9-10 in corymbum terminalem sub- 
planum circiter 9 cm. expansum dispositi; pedicelli graciles, 1-1 • 5 cm 
longi, parce glandulosi. Calyx brevissimus, undulate lobulatus. Corolla 
rosea, mtus dorso dense rubro-maculata ; tubus late expansus, circiter 1 cm 
longus, utrinque glaber; lobi 5, oblongi vel ovato-oblongi, apice rotundati', 
1-5-2 cm. longi, circiter 1-3 cm. lati. Stamina 10, longe exserta; 
nlamenta mfeme pubescentia, plus minusvc 2-5 cm. longa; antherae 
carmineae, 2-25 mm. longae. Ovarium breviter cylindricum, lepidotum, 
5-loculare; stylus stamimbus paullo longior, inferne minutissime pubescens 
vel fere glaber, stigmate capitato 1-5 mm. diametro coronatus. Fructus 
brevissimus, 1 cm. longus, minute lepidotus.— J. Hutchinson. 

The beautiful Rhododendron here described is one of 
a group of closely allied species, some of which, such as 
R. yunnanense, Franch., figured at t. 7614 and R. David- 
sonianum, Rehd. & Wils., figured at t. 8605 of this work, 
have already become favourites with the cultivators of 
the genus in this country. As regards its flowers the 
nearest ally of R. charianthum is the now familiar 
R. yunnanense, but our plant lacks the hairs on the 
surfaces and margins of the leaves which are a striking 
feature of the older species. In other respects R. chari- 
anthum is very closely related to R. Davidsonianum and 
to R. lomjistylum, another species described by Render 
and Wilson. From the latter our plant is readily dis- 
guished by its more densely glandular leaves ; from the 

June, 1916. 

former by the strikingly spotted flowers and the hirsute 
style. The material for our plate has been obtained 
from a plant raised at Kew from seeds received from the 
Arnold Arboretum early in 1909. This plant flowered 
for the first time four years later, in April, 1913. It 
appears to be perfectly hardy and thrives well in sandy 
loam and peat. Like its allies among the scaly-leaved 
Khododendrons it can be increased by cuttings placed in 
gentle heat about the middle of August. 

Description -Shrub, sparingly branched; voung 
shoots leafy slender, sparingly scaly towards the top! 
bark brown finely warted longitudinally. Leaves oblan- 
ceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate, bluntly mucronate, cune- 
ately narrowed at the base, 1-2 in. long, X-4 in. wide 
thinly coriaceous, margin finely crenulate, beset on both 
surfaces with very small discrete golden glands, otherwise 
glabrous; midrib raised beneath; lateral ner e ™ 
each side slightly raised above, distinct beneath ; petiole 

Ja7hPr'flrt n ^ Spar K n lf- SCaly ' Fl0Wers 9 " 10 in a terminal 
rather flat corymb 3i in. across; pedicels slender 1-* in 

r?/ T? 1 ^ glandular. Calyx very short witli a 

tX ^T d Sp ° ts Wlthin on the upper portion- 

JSLS^Jl^?' ntl° Ut * "• ^ ^b?o P us ZZi 
the Z * m' S t ° bl0 , Dg ^ ?™te-oblong, rounded at 
^feliwi ? g ' a K° Ut * in ' Wide « &™™* 10, far 

^SoS^ °f alm ° St 8 lagrOUS d0wn " 

3, St\B8s!f s:rSr m of tL Ieaf : % n rt ™ ° f iower -*- <* ■ « ■ 

section of ovary ;- a ll enlarged ^ '' 5 and 6 ' stamens I ?> transverse 


Tab. 8666. 

North Italy and Austria. 

Campanulaceae. Tribe Campanuleae. 
Campanula, Linn. ; Benth. et Hool: f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 561. 

Campanula Zoysii, WulfinJacq. Coll., vol. ii. p. 122 (1788); Eeichb Fl 
Germ. vol. xix. t. 1610, p. 113 ; Gard. Chron. 1896, vol. xx. p. 183, et 1905^ 
vol. xxxviii. p. 228; species C.cenisiae, Linn., affinis sed caulibus foliisque 
fere glabris, eorollis oblongo-tubulosis superne leviter angustatis, lobis 
conniventibus intus pilis albis borizontaliter patentibus instructis distincta. 

Herba usque ad 9 cm. alta. Folia radicalia late ovata, circiter 9 mm. longa et 
6 mm. lata, margine ciliato excepto glabra, petiolo circiter 1 cm. lon^o 
instructa; caulina oblanceolata, inferiora longe petiolata, superiora fere 
sessilia, apiculata, basi cuneata, petiolo excluso 1*1 cm. longa, 3 mm. 
lata, margine dentibus albis 2-4 instructa, costa pagina inferiore prominente," 
superiore indistincta, nervis lateralibus pagina utraque obscuris. Racemi 
terminates, _ 3-4-flori ; bracteae foliis similes sed minores ; bracteolae 
lineares, apiculatae, 2*5-4 mm. longae, margine integrae vel dentibus 
duobus albis instructae. Beceptaculum tubinatum, 2 mm. altum, apice 
3 mm. diametro, glabrum, 5-lobatum, lobis bisulcatis. Sepala 5,patentia, 
lineari-attenuata, apiculata, 4 mm. longa, basi 1 mm. lata, glabra, margine 
dentibus albis 2-4 instructa. Corolla oblongo-tubulosa, superne leviter 
angustata, loborum ex adverso angulata, 1'7 cm. longa; tubus 1*4 cm. 
longus, basi 7 mm. apice 5 • 5 mm. diametro, glaber ; lobi 5, erecti', 
conniventes, triangulares, 3 mm. longi, 5 mm. lati, intus apice longe, 
inferne breviter, patente barbati. Stamina 5, filamentis 5 mm. longis 
glabris basi latissimis connatis, antberis 1*5 mm. longis. Ovarium typfce 
triloculare, placentis axilibus; stylus 1-4 cm. longus, maturitate apice 
curvatus, albus. — W. B, Tukrill. 

This distinct and singular Campanula has a scattered 
distribution in the Eastern Alps. Specimens collected 
in Venetia, Carniola, Carinthia, Styria and Steiermark 
are preserved in the Kew Herbarium. It is at home on 
the limestone rocks of these provinces at an altitude of 
6.500-9,000 feet above sea-level. 

The peculiar shape of the corolla, with the tube con- 
stricted at the mouth and erect connivent barbate lobes, 
gives the flowers an appearance very different from those 
of typical Campanulas and one not at all bell-like. The 
corolla lobes are bent inwards to form a 5-sided pyramid 
and their edges and tips touch. The hairs help to close 
m the edges, though these can be easily separated by 
insect visitants. When mature the end of the style is 
bent almost at right angles, and remains enclosed in the 
corolla. The anthers dehisce introrselv, and the pollen 

June, 1916. l 

covers the hairs which invest the capitate thickening 
formed by the immature style branches. The anthers 
then shrivel and are retracted into the base of the flower, 
while the style elongates and its end becomes bent. 
The young flowers are pendulous but become erect as 
they grow older. This Campanula has long been in 
cultivation at Kew, and the material for our plate has 
been derived from a plant in the Rock Garden. It is a 
hardy perennial, which grows well and flowers freely if 
given a sunny position, preferably in well-drained 
gravelly soil. It is readily propagated by cuttings as 
well as by its seeds which ripen fairly freely. The 
greatest difficulty connected with the cultivation of this 
species is its liability to be attacked by slugs, to which it 
seems to offer a peculiar attraction. 

Description. — Herh, 3|-4 in. in height. Leaves: 
radical broadly ovate, about J in. long and £ in. broad, 
glabrous except for the ciliate margin ; petiole about I in. 
long; cauline oblanceolate, the lower long-petioled, the 
upper nearly sessile, apiculate, cuneate at the base, 
excluding the petiole nearly | in. long and J in. broad, 
with 2-4 white teeth on the margin, midrib prominent 
below, indistinct above, lateral nerves obscure on both 
surfaces. Racemes terminal, 3-4-flowered ; bracts re- 
sembling the leaves but smaller ; bracteoles linear, apicu- 
late, yV-J; in. long, margin entire or with two white teeth. 
Receptacle turbinate, T ] s in. high, -J in. in diameter at the 
apex, glabrous, 5-lobed, the lobes each with 2 furrows. 
Sepals 5, spreading, linear-attenuate, apiculate, J in. 
long, glabrous, with 2-4 white teeth on the margin. 
Corolla oblong-tubular, slightly narrowed in the upper 
part, angular opposite to the lobes, about § in. long; 
tube over | in. long, over { in. wide at the base, rather 
less at the apex, glabrous; lobes 5, erect, connivent, 
triangular, \ in. long, | in. broad, bearded with long 
hairs at the apex within, with shorter hairs lower down. 
Stamens 5; filaments J in. long, glabrous, very broad 
and connate at the base ; anthers short. Ovary typically 
trilocular with axile placentas; style over i in. long, 
curved at the apex when mature, white, glabrous. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, the same in longitudinal section: 3 and 4, stamens after 
dehiscence ; 5, immature stigma -.—all enlarged. 

Nos. 139, 140, 141. 

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No. 140, August, 1916. 


No. 141, September, 1916. 

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_ J v. Descriptions of all the Species, Varieties and Hybrids, by Alfred Fryer, 

A.L.b., illustrated by Robert Morgan, F.L.S. Continued from Mr. Fryer's notes by 

a a. -Haa>s, * Z.fe., and concluded by Arthur Bennett, A.L.S. 94 pp., Eoyal 4to 

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MncetiL Brooks, Day & Son-LA-*^- 

L Reeve &. C* 5 London. 

Tab. 8667. 
paeonia wlllmottiae. 


Ranunculaceab. Tribe Paeonieae. 
Paeonia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 10, 

Paeonia Willmottiae, Stapf; species nova P. obovatae, Maxim., affinis sed 
foliolis majoribus exsiccando firmioribus subtus densius pilosis fere tomen- 
tosis magis glaucis, floribus candidis, antheris parvulis, carpellis an 
semper 5, stylis magis elongatis differt. 

Herba perennis, caule glabro. Folia inferiora biternata; foliola lateralia 
oblique elliptico-ovata, breviter petiolulata, uno latere in petiolulo decur- 
rentia, ea segmentorum lateralium basi inaequaliter in petiolulum decur- 
rentia, terminalia elliptica • vel obovato-elliptica, longiuscule petiolulata, 
omnia apice breviter contracta, superne obscure viridia et glabra, subtus 
glauca et purpureo-suffusa, undique pilis albis brevibus adpressis sub- 
tomentosa, majora ad 15 cm. longa, ad 8 cm. lata ; petiolus et rhacbis 
(saltern inferne) glabra ; petioluli terminales 3-5 cm. longi, pilosuli ; folia 
summa 3-foliolata, foliolis magis acuminatis. Flores aperti circiter 15 cm. 
diametro, pedicello glabro rubescente. Sepala 4, inaequalia, late oblonga, 
obtusa, valde concava, 2-3 5 cm. longa, 14-1 7 cm. lata, glaberrima, 
laete viridia. Petala circiter 10, rotundata vel obovata, concava, interiora 
multo angustiora, Candida. Stamina numerosissima ; filamenta purpurea, 
1 cm. longa ; antherae aureae, ad 4 mm. longae. Carpella 5, a latere visa 
lanceolata, glaberrima, viridia, sensim in stylum rubrum conicum abeuntia, 
eo incluso ultra 2 cm. longa ; stigmata a latere valde compressa, revoluta. 
FollicuU oblique oblongo-ellipsoidei, ultra 2 cm. longi, 1-2 cm. diametro, 
stylo 5-7 mm. longo stigmateque uncinato-revoluto coronati. Semina 
fere obovoidea, circiter 8 mm. longa, 5 -5-7 mm. lata, testa atra. — 0. Stapf. 

The Paeony here described was raised, from seed 
received from China, in the garden of Miss Willmott, 
of Warley Place, Essex, to whom we are indebted for 
the material for our plate. The history of that seed 
is somewhat obscure. The plant appeared in a pan in 
which some Chinese seeds collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson 
had been sown. As it seemed in the seedling stage 
unlike any other species in the collection at Warley, it 
was pricked off by itself and kept under observation 
until it should flower. When planted out it was placed 
in the collection next to P. obovata, Maxim., which had 
been raised from seed obtained in Manchuria, and 
seemed to be its nearest ally in the genus. That P. 
Willmottiae, now described, approaches P. obovata is evi- 
dent, but it is readily distinguished by its larger leaflets, 

July, 1916. 

glaucous and almost tomentose beneath, by its white 
flowers, those of P. obovata being red, and by its pistils, 
which considerably exceed the relatively short anthers. 
Chinese specimens of P. Willmottiae in the herbarium at 
Kew include two gatherings by Mr. A. Henry from 
Patung and Hsinghan, in Hupeh, which show that in 
the wild state its flowers are white. What appears to 
be the same species has been collected by Pere Farges 
at Tchan-keou in Szechuan ; it has also been met with 
in the same province by Mr. E. H. Wilson at Fang, 
where it is common in woods. The plant has thriven 
well at Warley Place in an ordinary well-drained border, 
and gives promise of being quite hardy. 

Description.—//^, perennial; stem glabrous. Leaves 
twice ternate, except the uppermost; lateral leaflets 
obliquely elliptic-ovate, shortly petiolulate, decurrent on 
the lower side on the petiolule, terminal elliptic or 
obovate-elhptic, with longer petiolules, all shortly con- 
tracted at the apex, dull green and glabrous above, 
glaucous, flushed with purple and uniformly sparingly 
tomentose with short white hairs beneath, the larger up 
to 6 in. long, 3 in. wide; petiole and rachis, at least of 
the lowest leaves, quite glabrous; terminal petiolules 
It i lr i' g ' sll 2 htl y P ilose ; upper leaves 3-foliolate, 
tne leaflets rather more acuminate. Flowers when fully 
open about 6 m. across ; pedicel glabrous, reddish. Sepals 
4, unequal, wide oblong, obtuse, very concave, f-li in. 
long neany | in. wide, quite glabrous, bright green. 
aetata about 10, rounded or obovate, concave, the inner 
much narrower, all pure white. Stamens very many ; 
Maments purple, over j in. long; anthers golden-yellow, 
about £in. long. Carpels usually 5, lanceolate as seen 
IIJS a ! ' quite § labr °us, green, gradually con- 
tacted into a conical red style; including the style 
aoout £ in long ; stigma, as seen from the side, much 
compressed, revolute. Follicles obliquely oblong-ellipsoid, 
tfX ''i 11 ;!: 011 ^ ^ m - across > crowned by the i in. long 
Z!' ** x, he uncin ately revolute stigma. Seeds nearly 
obovoid, about J in. long, under j in. wide; testa black. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers; 3, anther, nearly ripe ; 4, carpel :-all enlarged. 


^ ' 

MB-cUs! JN 

L."Reeve &.Co Lpn.doTt 

Vxnce:rtt Brooks ,Day JtSanLV^inip 

Tab. 8668. 
CIRRHOPETALUM concinnum, var. purpurea. 

Malay Peninsula. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Cirrhopetalum, Thouars ; Smth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant vol. iii. p. 504. 

Cirrhopetalum concinnum, Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 190, et in 
Hook. Ic. Plant, t. 2060, fig. B ; var. purpurea, Ridl., varietas a C. concinno 
typico planta majora, floribus omnino roseo-purpureo-suffusis, sepalis bre- 
vioribus latioribus et labello abrupte reeurvo differt. 

Hcrba epiphytica; pseudobulbi ovoideo-oblongi, monophylli, circiter 1 cm. 
longi, vaginis membranaceis vestiti. Folia oblonga vel elliptico-oblonga, 
obtusa, basi subattenuata, coriacea, 8-12 cm. longa, 3-4 cm. lata. Scapi 
floriferi ad basin pseudobulborum producti, graciles, suberecti, 6-8 cm. 
longi; umbellae multiflorae ; bracteae ovato-lanceolatae, acuminatae, 4-5 
mm. longae. Flores parvi, roseo-purpurei. Sepala : posticum ovato- 
ellipticum, valde concavum, apice setaeeo-acuminatum, 0'5 cm. longum, 
margine longe ciliatum ; lateralia fere ad apicem connata, late oblonga, 
apice subacuta et recurva, 1-1 • 3 cm. longa. Petala late ovata, subacuta, 
3 '5-4 mm. longa, margine longe ciliata. Lahellum recurvum, carnosum, 
ovato-oblongum, acutum, 3 ' 5-4 mm. longum, margine integrum. Columna 
oblonga, 2 mm. longa, margine membranacea, dentes minuti obtusi. — 
Bulbophyllum pulchelliim, Ridl., var. purpureum, Bidl. Mat. Fl. Malay 
Penins. vol. i. p. 83. — R. A. Bolfe. 

Cirrhopetalum concinnum was originally based on 
Singapore material collected by Mr. H. N. Ridley, late 
Director of the Singapore Botanic Garden. Sir Joseph 
Hooker regarded it as an ally of C. Roxburghii, Lindl., 
an imperfectly-known species from the Gangetic Delta. 
Mr. Ridley, who refers Cirrhopetalum to a section of 
Bulbophyllum, afterwards described it as Bulbophyllum 
pulchellum, Ridl., citing C. concinnum as a synonym. 
According to him the species is found also in Johor and 
Selangor, on the Malay Peninsula, and is very variable. 
At the same time he added the varieties purpurea and 
brachypetala, the former from Penang Hill and the islands 
south of Singapore, and the latter, which he remarks 
may be a distinct species, from the Langkawi Islands. 
The plant here figured was sent to Kew from Kuala 
Lumpur, Malay Peninsula, by Mr. E. Seimund, and 
flowered in the collection in May, 1915, when it was 

July, 1916. 

recognized by Mr. Ridley as his var. purpurea. It differs 
from the type in having flowers of a uniform bright 
rose-purple, in having broader lateral sepals, and in 
being a somewhat larger plant. On the whole it seems 
most nearly allied to C. gamosepalum, GrifF., another very 
variable species, but is smaller in all its parts. The plant 
thrives in a tropical house under conditions and treat- 
ment suitable for other species of the genus Cirrhopetalum. 

Description. — Herb, epiphytic ; pseudobulbs ovoid- 
oblong, 1-foliate, about ^ in. long, clothed with mem- 
branous sheaths. Leaves oblong or elliptic-oblong, 
obtuse, somewhat narrowed at the base, coriaceous, 3-5 
in. long, 1^-lf in. wide. Scapes produced at the base 
of the pseudobulbs, slender, suberect, 2J-3 in. long; 
umbels many-flowered ; bracts ovate-lanceolate, acu- 
minate, -J- in. long. Flowers rather small, rose-purple. 
Sepals : the posterior ovate-elliptic, very concave, with a 
setaceous-acuminate tip, ^ in. long, margin ciliate- 
fringed ; lateral connate almost to the tip, wide oblong, 
tip subacute and recurved, about J in. long. Petals wide 
ovate, subacute, about J in. long, margin ciliate-fringed. 
Lip recurved, fleshy, ovate-oblong, acute, about J in. 
long, margin entire. Column oblong, t l in. long, margin 
membranous, teeth minute, blunt. 

Fig 1, a flower; 2, petal; 3, lip and column; 4, lip; 5, anther-case; 
6, pollima :— all enlarged. 



M.S dei.J.U.PAaKlah. 

Vmcaa Brooks Dsjr &■ Sc 

L.Beev« & Q° London 

Tab. 8669. 


Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron Hanceanum, Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. p. 24 
(1889); Hemsl. et E. H. Wils. in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 115; Behder et 
E. H. Wils. in Sargent, PI. Wilsonianae, vol. i. p. 517 (1913) ; Bean, Trees 
d Shrubs, vol. ii. 360, et in Kew Bull. 1914, p. 202, cum icon ; affinis 
B. ambiguo, Hemsl., sed calyce semper bene evoluto differt. 

Frutex parvus usque ad 1 m. altus; ramuli breves, nigro-punctati, demUm 
longitudinaliter verrucosi, apicem versus foliati. Folia ovato-lanceolata 
vel elliptico-lanceolata, basi obtusissima vel rotundata, apice sensim et 
acute acuminata, 4-8 cm. longa, l"5-3'5 cm. lata, rigide coriacea, supra 
viridia, impresse reticulata et nigro-punctata, infra pallida et minute 
lepidota ; costa supra impressa, infra prominens ; nervi laterales utrin- 
secus 8-9, prominenter conjuncti, utrinque prominuli ; petioli 5-7 mm. 
longi, crassi. Inflorescentia breviter racemosa, 6-9-flora ; perulae oblongo- 
ovatae, acute acurninatae, circiter 7 mm. longae et 5 mm. latae, rube- 
scentes, glabrae ; bracteae lineari-spatulatae, circiter 1 ' 5 mm. longae, 
superne ciliatae ; pedicelli 1 cm. longi, lepidoto-glandulosi. Flores flavo- 
albi. Calycis lobi oblongi, apice rotundati, 4-6 mm. longi, l'5-2 5 mm. 
lati, mernbranacei, margine lepidoti vel ciliati. Corolla tubulosa, 5-loba ; 
tubus 1-1 "5 cm. longus, glaber ; lobi ovato-oblongi, apice rotundati, 0'8- 
1 cm. longi. -Stamina 10, longe exserta ; filamenta valde inaequalia, 
usque ad 3 cm. longa, inferne pilosa ; antherae carmineae,3-5 mm. longae. 
Ovarium 5-loculare, cylindricurn, dense lepidotum ; stylus filamentis aequi- 
longus, gracilis, glaber, stigmate capitato 2 mm. diametro coronatus. 
Fructus brevissimus, 0'8 cm. longus, arete lepidotus, calyce persistente 
circumdatus, styli basi persistente coronatus. — J. Hutchinson. 

This dwarf Rhododendron is a native of Szechuan in 
China, and was originally met with by the Rev. E. Eaber 
on Mt. Omei in 1887. The plant figured was raised from 
seed collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson in Western China in 
1908, and presented to Kew by the Arnold Arboretum ; 
this plant agrees well with the type from Mt. Omei. 
According to Rehder and Wilson the leaves vary from 
obovate to lanceolate or lanceolate-ovate in shape, from 
shining to dull green above, and from densely to spar- 
ingly lepidote. In cultivation it varies in colour, of 
flower in different plants from creamy white to yellow. 
A notable characteristic of the plant is the hard stiff 
texture of its foliage. This species in its native habitat 

July, 1916. 

is locally plentiful, forming dense dwarf thickets. So far 
as may be judged from its behaviour in cultivation, 
R. Hanceanum is quite hardy. It thrives well in a peaty 
soil or in sandy loam with leaf -mould, and flowers in 
March or April, according to the season. Among the 
forms grown in gardens as R. Hanceanum is one treated 
by Render and Wilson as belonging to the type, which 
has smaller leaves than in the Mt. Omei plant, more 
obovate and rounded at the tip; the style in this is 
slightly hairy at the base. This form appears at least 
a well-marked variety ; with fuller material it may even 
prove a distinct species. 

Description. — Shrub, dwarf or up to 3 ft. high ; twigs 
short, dark punctate, ultimately longitudinally warted, 
leafy towards the top. Leaves ovate-lanceolate or elliptic- 
lanceolate, base very blunt or rounded, tip gradually 
acutely acuminate, lf-3 in. long, f-l-i in. wide, firmly 
coriaceous, above green, dark punctate with sunk vena- 
tion, pale and finely lepidote beneath ; midrib impressed 
above, raised beneath ; lateral nerves 8-9 along each 
side, distinctly looped, rather raised on both surfaces ; 
petiole about { in. long, stout. Inflorescence shortly 
racemose, 6-9-flowered ; bud-scales oblong-ovate, acutely 
acuminate, about J in. long and \ in. wide, reddish, 
glabrous; bracts linear-spathulate, about § in. long, 
cihate upwards ; pedicels \ in. long, glandular-lepidote. 
Flowers yellowish-white. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes oblong, 
rounded at the tip, J-J in. long, T V- T V in. wide, mem- 
branous, margin lepidote or ciliate. Corolla tubular, 
5-lobed ; tube J-§ in. long, glabrous ; lobes ovate-oblong, 
rounded at the tip, about -} in. long. Stamens 10, far 
exserted ; filaments very unequal, the longest about 1| in. 
long pilose below ; anthers carmine, | in. long. Ovary 
5-celled, cylindric, densely lepidote, style as long as the 
hlaments, slender, glabrous ; stigma capitate, T V in. wide. 
-Pruit m. long, closely lepidote, encompassed by the 
persistent calyx and tipped by the persistent style-base. 

sam/'i £ P i B "T ace , ° f leaf 8h <™ g the black spots ; 2, lower surface of 
Si™'- ? J g r? eS; 3 ' cal y x and P istil >- 4, enlarged ovary and part of 
calyx , 5, stamens ; 6, transverse section of ovary -.-all enlarged. 


L Reeve h C 

Tab. 8670. 

South Africa, 

Asclepiadaceae. Tribe Ceropegieae. 
Brachystelma, B. Br. ; Bsnth, et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 781. 

Brachystelma oianthum, Sclilechter in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xx. Beibl. 51, 
p. 53 ; N. E. Br. in Dyer, Fl. Cap. vol. iv. sect. i. p. 838 ; species B. cam- 
panulato, N. E. Br., valde affinis, sed corolla pilis longis albis vel atro- 
purpureis instructa, lobis haud ciliatis distinguitur. 

Herba tuberosa ; tuber planum, circiter 5 cm. diametro ; caulis erectus, simplex 
vel sparse ramosus, pubescens. Folia lanceolata, elliptico-lanceolata vel 
elliptico-oblanceolata, acuta, 1-25-5 cm. longa, fere 2 cm. lata, breviter 
petiolata, minute clliata, plus minusve pubescentia. Florcs solitarii, 
nutantes vel horizontales. Cahjcis segmenti lanceolati vel ovato-lanceo- 
lati, acuti, 5 mm. longi, sparse pubescentes. Corolla ovoideo-campanulata, 
breviter 5-loba, extra glabra, viridi-flava, maculis atropurpureis instructa ; 
tubus ad 2' 4 cm. longus (saepissime brevior) et 2"5 cm. diametro, intus 
pilis longis albis vel atropurpureis instructus ; lobi 5, deltoidei, acuti, 
circiter 5 mm. longi et 5 mm. lati, longe ciliati. Coronae segmenti quinque, 
in cupulam connati, trilobi, lobis lateralibus (exterioribus) 10 deltoideis 
obtusis, lobis intermediis (interioribus) 5 ad antherarum dorsa adpressis, 
ea haud excedentibus. — W. B. Turrill. 

The Brachystelma here figured is a native of the Orange 
River Colony, which has been in cultivation in England 
since 1912, when it was presented to Kew by Dr. R. 
Marloth, Cape Town. During the period which has 
elapsed since it was received all its parts have increased 
in size to a considerable extent. The leaves are now 
longer and wider and less hirsute than they were during 
its first season, and the flowers, produced for the first 
time in May, 1915, are much larger than those in any 
of the wild specimens 'from its native habitat in the Kew 
collection or in those on which Dr. Schlechter based his 
original account of B. oianthum. The species thrives well 
in a warm greenhouse under the conditions as to soil and 
water which are suitable for the South African species of 
Stapelia. The species of the genus Brachystelma display 
considerable variety in the shape of the corolla. The 
majority are without a distinct corolla-tube, the flower 
then being saucer-shaped or quite flat. The other 

July, 1916. 

extreme is exemplified in B. oiantham, with its ovoid- 
campanulate or subglobose corolla. Between the two 
limits an almost unbroken series of intermediate con- 
ditions may be met with. In the species figured the 
structure of the corona is peculiar : the lobes are in two 
series, but unite to form a cupule apparently composed 
of five broad 3-lobed - segments. What appear to be the 
lateral lobes of each segment really represent the con- 
stituents of a 10-lobed outer corona, while the five 
intermediate lobes represent the inner corona, the 
members of which are opposite to and closely applied to 
the back of the corresponding anthers. The ten lateral 
lobes are contiguous in pairs which alternate with the 
intermediate lobes, and may thus owe their origin to 
fission of five outer corona-lobes alternate with the five 
inner ones. 

Description.—//^ ; tuber flat, about 2 in. across ; 
stem erect, simple or sparingly branched, pubescent. 
Leaves lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceo- 
late, acute, |-2 in. long, nearly § in. wide, short-petioled, 
minutely ciliate, more or less pubescent. Flowers soli- 
tary, nodding or horizontal. Calyx 5-lobed ; segments 
lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, I in. long, sparingly 
pubescent. Corolla ovoid-campanula'te, shortly 5-lobed, 
glabrous outside, greenish-yellow with dark purple spots ; 
tube sometimes nearly 1 in. long, usually shorter, 1 in. 
wide, beset inside with long white or dark purple hairs ; 
lobes 5, deltoid, acute, about J, in. long and wide, long- 
cihate. Corona of 5 segments united in a cupule, each 
segment 3-lobed, the 10 lateral lobes representing an 
outer series deltoid obtuse, the 5 intermediate lobes 
representing an inner series adpressed to the backs of, 
and not longer than, the anthers. . 

Fig. 1, bud ; 2, corolla in longitudinal section ; 3, a single corolla-lobe J 
4 , corona and gynostegium ; 5, pollen-masses :~all enlarged except 2, which is 
oj natural size. * * 


JN Pitch lali 


L.Reeve 8cC9Lo.-dc 

Tab. 8671. 

PANDANUS furcatus. 



Pandanus, Linn.', Bentli. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 949; Warburg, 
Pandanaceae in Engl. Pflanzenreich, vol. iv. pars 9, p. 43. 

Pandanus furcatus, Eoxb. Hort. Beng. p. 71 (nomen nudum) ; Fl. Ind. ed. 
Carey, vol. iii. p. 744 ; Miq. Anal. Bat. Ind. vol. iii. p. 10, tab. ii. ; Fl. Ind.- 
Bat. vol. iii. p. 162, tab. 37 ; Carriere in Rev. Hort. 1879, p. 290, cum icon, 
col. ; Solms-Laubach in Linnaea, vol. xlii. p. 13; Hook f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 
vol. vi. 484 ; Warburg. 1. c. p. 75, figs. 21 a-c, ex parte ; Martclli in 
Webbia, vol. iv. pars i. p. 15, tab. 29, figs. 5-8 ; inter species sectionis 
Mykiae syncarpia solitaria et stylos furcatos possidentes drupis cylindraceis 
apice late pyramidatis stylis longiusculis depressis baud alte furcatis 

Arbor 3-4 m. (rarius ad 10 m.) alta, superne parce divaricato-ramosa, basi 
radices aerias crassas trunco subadpressas emittens, cortice leviter annulato 
cinereo radicum cicatricibus notato. Folia linearia, longe tenuiter acumi- 
nata, 3-5 m. longa, 5-10 cm. lata, coriacea, ad margines spinis 3-4 mm. 
longis basi latis complanatis armata, tessellato-venosa. Inflorescentia 6 
terminalis, pendula; spadices cylindrici, spathis longioribus late lanceolatis 
breviter acuminatis aureis coriaceis spinoso-marginatis suffulti, spicatim 
dispositi. Stamina 9-13, monadelpha, filamentis liberis brevibus, 
antheris cuspidatis. Spadix 9 solitarius vel pauci racemose dispositi, 
floribus ad pistilla reductis densissime onusti. Ovarium cylindricum, 
apice rotundatum, stylo sursum depresso breviter furcato. Syncarj>ium 
oblongum vel ellipsoideo-oblongum, 15-45 cm. longum, fusco-auran- 
tiacum vel croceo-rubescens, carnoso-fibrosum. Drupae connatae, 5-6- 
gono-cylindraceae, vertice pyramidato-convexo stylo osseo-indurato spinoso 
nitenti fusco coronato. — P. horridus, Bl. Cat. Jav. Buitenz. p. 111. 
P. Houlletii, Carr. in Rev. Hort. (1868), p. 212. P. spinifructus, Demist. 
Schluess. Hort. Malab. p. 27. P. D'Haetiei. Kew Hand-List Tender Mono- 
cots, ed. 2 (1915), p. 181, vix Le Coq, Rev. Hort. Belg. vol. x. (1884), p. 234, 
fig. 22. Eykiafurcata, de Vriese in Versl. Akad. Wet. vol. ii. (1854), p. 203, 
et Hook. Journ. Bot. vol. vi. (1854), p. 268.— O. Stapf. 

The Screw Pine here figured is one which was pur- 
chased for the Kew Collection in 1888 from Mr. A. 
d'Haene, nurseryman, Ghent, as P. D'Haenei, Le Coq, 
said to be a species introduced from Madagascar by 
means of seeds dbtained by Mr. L. Humblot prior to 
1884. It has been in cultivation at Kew, since its 
acquisition, in the Palm House along with other species 
of the genus, and although it never quite resembled the 
plant of which a figure has been given by Mr. Le Coq, it 

August, 1916. 

situation it grows well, and it can be increased quite 
easily either by seeds or by cuttings. V. betulifolium 
belongs to a group of closely allied red-fruited species 
from China, and is most nearly related to V. lobophyllum, 
Graebner, nor is it easy to find constant characters 
to separate the two plants. The best probably is the 
shape of the nut, which in V. betulifolium is smaller and 
nearly circular in outline, in V. lobophyllum ovate, taper- 
ing to a point at one end and more deeply grooved. 
The leaves of V. lobophyllum, also, are more uniformly 
rounded at the base and less deeply toothed. We do 
not find that the relative lengths of the style and calyx- 
lobes, the length of the peduncles or the pubescence of 
the leaves, afford reliable characters. 

Description.— Shrub of bushy habit, probably 4 to 6 
ft. high ; young wood purplish-brown, glabrous. Leaves 
ovate and ovate-oblong to broadly rhomboid, acute or 
acuminate, usually broadly cuneate, sometimes rounded 
at the base, coarsely dentate in the terminal two-thirds, 
I2-05 in. long, l-3£ in. wide ; main veins in 4-6 pairs 
running out to the tips of the teeth; dark green above 
and glabrous except for a line of stellate pubescence 
when young on the midrib and chief veins; pale beneath, 
with tufts 1 of stellate pubescence in the vein-axils and on 
the midrib and veins : by the time the fruit is ripe the 
leaves are nearly or quite glabrous; petioles 4-1 in long, 
at tirst pubescent and furnished near the base with two 
small subulate stipules £ in. long. Corymbs terminal, 

^ m r e ^i * ?" Wide ; P ed ™cles i-1 in. long, glabrous 
or slightly pubescent, subdivided three or four times. 
Flowers white, crowded, ^ in. wide; pedicels glandular, 
rn£\ t. , lyx mmute > ^s five lobes sparingly ciliate. 
Corolla 5-lobed ; lobes orbicular. Stoma* 5, longer than 

«h™w • an i HerS yellow - 0var y glandular; style 
about twice as long as the calyx-lobes. Fruit a red 
giooose drupe, J m . wide ; stone compressed, roundish. 

Fig. 1, flowers ; 2, calyx and piatil ; 3, stamens -.-all enlarged. 

lanceolate, shortly acuminate, coriaceous, with spines 
along the margins. Stamens 9-13, monadelphous, with 
the free portion of the filaments very short; anthers 
cuspidate. Female spadix solitary, or a few spadices 
together racemosely arranged, densely beset with numer- 
ous individual flowers reduced to simple pistils. Ovary 
cylindric, rounded at the tip ; style depressed and shortly 
2-furcate towards the tip. Cone oblong or ellipsoid 
oblong, 6-18 in. long, orange-brown or reddish-yellow, 
fleshy and fibrous. Drupes connate, nearly cylindric 
but slightly 5-6-angled, with a pyramidal-convex apex, 
crowned by the bone-hard 2-spinous style. 

Fig. 1, immature fruits ; 2, style and stigma; 3, section through the ovary; 
4, sketch of the entire plant : — all enlarged except 4, which is much reduced. 


Vincent Br ocn 

L .Reeve &_ C9 L ondoiv 

Tab. 8672. 


Central China. 

Caprifoliaceab. Tribe Sambuceae. 
Viburnum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 3. 

Viburnum betulifolium, Batalin in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. xiii. p. 371 (1894) ; 
Behder in Sargent, Trees d Shrubs, vol. ii. p. 99, t. 147 (1908) ; 
C. K. Schneider, Handb. der LaubolzJc. vol. ii. p. 648 ; Bean, Trees <£ 
Shrubs, vol. ii. p. 643 (1914) ; species V. lobophyllo, Graebner, quam maxime 
affinis, foliis basi saepissime cuneatis rnargine altius dentatis, pyrenis 
minoribus compresso-rotundatis obtusis nee ovoideis subacutis distincte 
sulcatis distinguenda. 

Frutex 1 • 5-2-metralis, novellis purpureo-brunneis glabris. Folia ovata, 
ovato-oblonga vel late rhomboidea, acuta vel acuminata, basi saepissime 
late cuneata nonnunquam rotundata, rnargine nisi triente basali grosse 
dentata, 4-13 cm. longa, 2*5-8 cm. lata, nervis primariis 4-6-jugis ad 
dentium apices terminantibus, supra saturate viridia primum secus costam 
nervosque stellato-pubescentia, infra pallidiora primum in venarum angulis 
et secus costam nervosque floccose stellato-pubescentia, adulta utrinque 
glabrescentia vel glabra ; petioli 8-2 "5 cm. longa, primum pubescentes 
demum glabri ; stipulae subulatae, deciduae, 3 mm. longae. Corymbi 
terminales, 7-radii, 5-11 cm. lati ; pedunculi 0"6-2'5 cm. longi, glabri vel 
parce pubescentes, ter quaterve furcatim ramosi. Flores albi, congesti, 
5 mm. lati ; pedicelli glandulosi, 3 mm. longi. Calyx minutus ; lobi 5, 
parce ciliati. Corolla 5-loba; lobi orbiculares. Stamina 5, petalis 
longiora ; antherae luteae. Ovarium glandulosum ; stylus calycis lobos 
duplo excedens. Fructus ruber, drupaceus, globosus, 6 mm. latus ; pyrena 
compressa, subrotunda. — V. Willeanum, Graebner in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
vol. xxix. p. 589 (1901).— W. J. Bean. 

The plant of Viburnum betulifolium from which our 
material for figuring was obtained was raised from seed 
collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson, near Ichang, in November, 
1907. The seed was presented to Kew the following spring 
by the Arnold Arboretum. The plants then raised have 
grown vigorously, and are now three to four feet high. 
This species is the most ornamental of all the new decidu- 
ous ones from Central and Western China, so far as their 
qualities have up to the present been displayed at Kew. 
It has no particular merit in regard to its blossom,' but 
about the middle of October, when laden with its heavy 
clusters of bright red fruits, it is one of the most attrac- 
tive of shrubs. Given a good loamy soil and a moist 

August, 1916. 

situation it grows well, and it can be increased quite 
easily either by seeds or by cuttings. V. betulifolium 
belongs to a group of closely allied red-fruited species 
from China, and is most nearly related to V. lobophyllum, 
Graebner, nor is it easy to find constant characters 
to separate the two plants. The best probabl> is the 
shape of the nut, which in V. betulifolium is smaller and 
nearly circular in outline, in V. lobophyllum ovate, taper- 
ing to a point at one end and more deeply grooved. 
The leaves of V. lobophyllum, also, are more uniformly 
rounded at the base and less deeply toothed. We do 
not find that the relative lengths of the style and calyx- 
lobes, the length of the peduncles or the pubescence of 
the leaves, afford reliable characters. 

Description.— Shrub of bushy habit, probably 4 to 6 
ft. high ; young wood purplish-brown, glabrous. Leaves 
ovate and ovate-oblong to broadly rhomboid, acute or 
acuminate, usually broadly cuneate, sometimes rounded 
at the base, coarsely dentate in the terminal two-thirds, 
1|-5| in. long, 1-3J in. wide; main veins in 4-6 pairs 
running out to the tips of the teeth ; dark green above 
and glabrous except for a line of stellate pubescence 
when young on the midrib and chief veins ; pale beneath, 
with tufts of stellate pubescence in the vein-axils and on 
the midrib and veins : by the time the fruit is ripe the 
leaves are nearly or quite glabrous ; petioles ]~l in. long, 
at first pubescent and furnished near the base with two 
small subulate stipules £ in. long. Corymbs terminal, 
7 -rayed, 2-41 in. wide ; peduncles J-l in. long, glabrous 
or slightly pubescent, subdivided three or four times. 
Flowers white, crowded, T \ in. wide ; pedicels glandular, 
v m. long. Calyx minute, its five lobes sparingly ciliate. 
Corolla 5-lobed ; lobes orbicular. Stamens 5, longer than 
the corolla; anthers yellow. Ovary glandular; style 
about twice as long as the calyx-lobes. Fruit a red 
globose drupe, i in. wide ; stone compressed, roundish. 

Fig. 1, flowers ; 2, calyx and pistil; 3, stamens :— all enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks, Day &. Son.Lt* imp 

Tab. 8673. 
EUPHORBIA Caput-Medtjsae. 

South Africa. 


Euphorbia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 258. 

Euphorbia Caput-Medusae, Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 1, p. 452, Amoen. Acad 
vol. iii. p. 110, et Syst. Nat. ed. 12, vol. ii. p. 330 ; Mill. Gard. Diet. 
ed. 8, no. 7 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1, vol. ii. p. 135 ; Lodd. Bot, Cab. t. 1315 ; 
Boiss. in DC. Prodr. vol. xv. pars ii. p. 86; K. Schum. in Monatsschr. 
Kakt. vol. viii. pp. 53, 54; Berger in Monatsschr. Kaht. vol. viii. p. 91, et 
SukJc. Euphorb. p. 110, fig. 29 ; Marloth in Wissensch. Ergebn. Deutsch 
Tiefsee-Exped. vol. ii. pars iii. t. 9 ; N. E. Br. in Kew Bull. 1912, p. 246, 
cum tab., et in Dyer, Fl. Cap. vol. v. pt. ii. p. 239 ; species habitu insigne 
et appendicibus involucri conspicuis albis distincta. 

Frutex succulenta nana. Caulis subglobosus, usque ad 15-20 cm. diametro, 
apice depresso, ramis numerosissimis rosulatis dense obtectus. Rami 
interiores suberecti, 5-10 cm. longi, exteriores patuli 15-37 cm. lon»i, 
1-7-2-5 (nonnunquam an ex norma ad 4) cm. crassi, cylindrici, tuber- 
culati, glabri, virides, tuberculis 3-5 mm. prominentibus obtusis. Folia 
3-5 mm. longa, 1 mm. lata, linearia, acuta vel obtusa, crassa, supra plana 
vel subcanaliculata, subtus valde convexa, glabra. Pedunculi 3-10 mm. 
longi, ex axillis tuberculorum ad apicem ramorum enati, crassi, minute 
bracteolati, persistentes, virides. Involucrum 10-12 mm. diametro, extra 
glabrum; lobi subquadrati, denticulati, intra pubescentes, extra glabri, 
f usco-purpurei ; glandes virides, appendicibus petaloideis albis in lobos 
3-6 palmatim divisis vel transversim oblongis et denticulatis. Ovarium 
subsessile, obtuse trigonum, glabrum ; styli 2-5 mm. longi, ad medium 
vel fere ad apicem connati, erecti— E. Fructus-Pini, Mill. Gard. Diet, 
ed. 8, no. 10. E. Medusae, Thunb. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 86, et Fl. Cap. ed! 
Schult. p. 404. E. tessellata, Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. p. 107. E. 
Fructus-Pini var. geminata, Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, p. 356. E. Com- 
melini, DC. Cat. PI. Hort. Monspel. p. 110 ; Spreng. Syst. vol. iii. p. 787. 
Medusea Fructus-Pini, M. major et M. tessellata, Haw. Synop. pp. 134, 135 ; 
Klotzsch & Garcke in Abhandl. Akad. Berlin, 1860, p. 61. Tithymalus 
aizoides Africanus simplici squamato caule, Comm. Praelud. Bot. p. 57, 
fig. 7. Euphorbium procumbens ramis plurimis, etc., et E. procumbens 
ramis geminatis, dc, Burm. Ear. Afr. PL pp. 17, 18, tt. 8, 9. Euphorbium 
anacanthum angusto Polygoni folio, var. 1 et 2 tantum, Isnard in Mem 
Acad. Roy. Sci. Paris, 1720, pp. 386, 387.— N. E. Brown 

This Euphorbia is a native of South Africa which has- 
been known in European succulent collections for over 
two centuries. Its early introduction is doubtless due to 
its occurrence on the mountains near Cape Town, to which 
it appears to be confined. Although the name E. Caput- 

August, 1916. 

Medusae was published by Linnaeus more than a century 
and a half ago, there was long some doubt as to its 
precise incidence, owing to the fact that the author cited 
under his description figures which represent five distinct 
species. But, as Mr. Brown has elsewhere pointed out, 
the plant Linnaeus had in view must have been one in 
the garden of Mr. George Clifford ; that plant must 
have come from near Cape Town ; the only species from 
there which agrees with the description of Linnaeus 
is that now depicted. The specimen figured was grown 
in the garden of Lady Hanbury at La Mortola, Venti- 
miglia, where it flowered in March, 1916 ; it only differs 
from the wild plant in having considerably thicker 
branches. The sketch which accompanies our figure has 
been reduced from a photograph of a living specimen, 
eighteen inches across, obtained by Mr. E. Pillans in 
December, 1911, on the slopes of the Lion's Head near 
Cape Town. Like the other members of its section, 
E. Caput- Medusae is easily grown in this country under 
ordinary greenhouse conditions. 

Description. — Shrub, dwarf, succulent ; stem sub- 
globose, sometimes 6-8 in. thick, depressed at the top 
and giving off many rosulate branches, the central more 
or less erect, 2-4 in. long, the outer spreading, 6-15 in. 
long, all as a rule §-1 in., but sometimes 1^ in., thick, 
cylindric, tuberculate, glabrous, green ; tubercles blunt, 
l~l in. high. Leaves \-l in. long, narrow linear, acute or 
obtuse, thick, flat or channelled above, very convex 
beneath, glabrous. Peduncles |-| in. long, in the axils 
of the tubercles near the ends of the branches, thick, 
minutely bracteoled, persistent, green. Involucre l-l in. 
across, glabrous outside ; lobes almost quadrate, denticu- 
late, pubescent within, glabrous outside, tawny-purple ; 
glands green, their appendages petaloid, white, palmately 
S-6-lobed or transversely oblong and denticulate. Ovary 
almost sessile, bluntly trigonous, glabrous ; styles T \-} in. 
long, connate to or beyond the middle, erect. 

Fig. 1, involucre, with bracts on pedicel ; 2, the same, from above ; 3, portion 
of an involucre, showing inflexed lobes and intervening gland with appendages ; 
4, male flowers, with bracteoles ; 5, female flower ; 6, sketch, from photograph, 
of an entire plant :— all enlarged except 6, which is much reduced. 



L Reeve & C 

Tab. 8674a. 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM transvaalense. 

South Africa. 

Ficoideae. Tribe Mesembryeae. 
Mesembryanthemum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 853. 

Mesembryanthemum (§ Aloidea) transvaalense, Bolfe ; species nova M. albi- 
punctato, Haw., affinis, sed foliis patentibus vel subreflexis, flonbus 
majoribus, petalis rubro-lineatis et stylis clavatis differt. 

Herba parva, acaulis. Folia 8-11, patentia vel subreflexa, lineari-oblonga, 
subacuta, integra, crassa, nitida, viridia, crebre et minute verruculosa, 
2-5-4 cm. longa, 0-5-0-6 cm. lata, 0-4-0-5 cm. crassa, supra plarnuscula 
vel subconcava, subtus convexa, vix carinata, apice incurvula, triquetro- 
compressa. Flores subsessiles, expansi 2*5-3 cm. diametro. Calyx late 
campanulatus ; lobi late deltoideo-ovati, acuti, 0-6-0-7 cm. longi, minute 
verruculosi, margine membranacci. Petala numerosissima, patentia vel 
subreflexa, circiter 1 cm. longa, lutea, medio rubro-lineata. Stamina 
numerosa, erecta; filamenta albida; antherae flavidae. Styh 10, erecti, 
apice patentes, subclavati. — E. A. Eolfe. 

For the introduction to our succulent collections of 
the Mesembryanthemum here described horticulture is 
indebted to the officers of the Department of Agriculture 
of the Transvaal, by whom it was presented to Kew in 
1910. It is a native of the Transvaal, where it was 
originally obtained by Mr. J. Burtt Davy in the Smitz- 
kraal-Boshof district. In its native habitat it is met 
with growing on a brown loam; under cultivation at 
Kew it has thriven well under the conditions suitable 
for other South African species. It flowered for the 
first time in June, 1915, and proved then to be a hitherto 
uncharacterized species. A member of the Alotdea 
section of its genus, M. transvaalense calls to mind 
M. vittatum, N. E. Br., and M. rubro-lineatum, N. E. Br., 
two species in which the petals are similarly marked 
with a central red line. In all other characters, however, 
it is more nearly allied to M. albipunctatum, Haw., a 
species introduced many years ago from some locality 
in South Africa which has not been definitely recorded, 
though it is known that the plant was found not far 

August, 1916. 

from the coast. From M. albipunctatum, however, the 
species now figured is readily distinguished by its more 
spreading leaves, its larger, differently coloured flowers 
and its more distinctly clavate styles. 

Description.— Herb, small and stemless. Leaves 8-11, 
spreading or somewhat reflexed, linear-oblong, subacute, 
entire, thick, shining green, closely and finely warted, 
1-lf in. long, i-i in. wide, £-J in. thick, flattish or 
somewhat concave above, convex, but hardly keeled 
beneath, slightly incurved at the tip, compressed tri- 
angular. Flowers nearly sessile, 1-1^ in. across. Calyx 
wide campanulate; lobes wide deltoid-ovate, acute, 
about i in. long, finely warted, margin membranous. 
Petals very many, spreading or somewhat reflexed, about 
i in. long, yellow, with a red central line. Stamens 
numerous, erect; filaments whitish; anthers yellowish. 
Styles 10, erect, spreading and somewhat clavate at the 

enf ig ' d apex of Ieaf ' 2 and B ' stamens; 4 > a P ex of ovar y> with st y lcs '— *b 

Tab. 8674b. 

South Africa. 

Ficoidkae. Tribe Mesembryeae. 
Mesembryanthemum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 853. 

Mesembryanthemum (§ Ringentia) tuberculosum, Eolfe; species nova a 
M. tigrino, Haw., foliorum facie supero tuberculis obtusis albidulis 
instructo marginibus sparse spinosia et stylis basi connatis apice valde 
recurvis differt. 

Herba parva, acaulis. Folia 6-8, subpatentia, deltoideo-ovata, subobtusa, 
viridia, 2-2 • 5 cm. longa, l'5-2 cm. lata, 1 cm. crassa, supra subconvexa, 
tuberculis obtusis albidulis instructa, subtus convexa, minute albido- 
punctata, apice triquetro-compressa. Flores subsessiles, expansi circiter 
4 cm. diametro. Calyx campanulatus ; lobi oblongi, 1 cm. longi. Pctala 
numerosissima, patentia, lutea, 1-3-1 -5 cm. longa. Styli 5, basi connati, 
apice valde recurvi, papillosi.^R. A. Rolfe. 

The attractive Mesembryanthemum figured on the lower 
portion of our plate is one for whose iutroduction horti- 
culture is indebted to Mr. N. S. Pillans of Cape Town, 
by whom it was communicated some ten years ago, along 
with several other species, to Mr. G. Elisha, Canonbury 
Park Road North, London. The example of the species 
now described, which was labelled as being from Nama- 
qualand, arrived in a condition which rendered cultiva- 
tion impossible. Two seed capsules, however, were still 
attached to the plant; these were removed and kept 
until the following spring, when the seeds Avere separated 
and sown in a small pan half tilled with soil and lightly 
covered with a layer of fine earth and sand. The pan, 
covered with a sheet of glass, was placed in a sunny spot 
in a greenhouse, and by the end of the summer five small 
but vigorous plants were raised. The appearance of the 
plants called to mind M. tigrinum, Haw., but from the 
outset it was realised that 'they could hardly be that 
species, the leaves being of a much darker green. The 
appearance on the later-formed leaves of the small raised 
points, which became more pronounced during the 
following season, made it certain that this Namaqua 

August, 1916. 

plant was not M. tigrinum, but no suggestion as to its 
identity could be offered. With a view to its ultimate 
determination one of the five plants was presented to 
the Kew collection, where it has thriven well under the 
conditions suitable for other members of the genus. 
This plant flowered for the first time in October, 1913, 
and forms the subject of our illustration. It proves to be 
a hitherto undescribed member of the Ringentia section, 
nearest, as was originally surmised, to M. tigrinum. The 
leaves, however, besides being of a darker green, are less 
strongly marginally toothed, while the upper surface, 
instead of being smooth, is tuberculate, each tubercle 
having a white central spot. The flowers in M. tuber- 
culosum are larger, and the styles are united below in a 
column, their upper free portion being strongly recurved, 
whereas in M. tigrinum the styles are free and nearly 
erect throughout. 

Description.— Herb, small and stemless. Leaves 6-8, 
somewhat spreading, deltoid-ovate, rather blunt, green, 
|-1 in. long, f-£ in. wide, over ^ in. thick, somewhat 
convex above and beset with blunt, whitish tubercles, 
convex beneath and finely white-punctate, tip com- 
pressed-triangular. Flowers nearly sessile, 1^ in. across. 
Calyx campanulate; lobes oblong, over * in. long. 
Petals very many, spreading, yellow, f-f in. long. 
btytes 5, connate at the base, much recurved above, 

Figs. 5 and 6, anthers ; 7, style and stigma :—all enlarged. 


M 8. del J "U Fitch liUv 

Vincent Brooks,Dajr&Soxi U *imp 

L .Re eve &l C ° L ondon 

Tab. 8675. 
RHODODENDRON monosematum. 

Western China, 

Ericaceae. Tribe Khodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii, p. 599. 

Rhododendron monosematum, Hutchinson ; species nova affinis H. paclnj- 
tricho, Franch., sedrainulis et petiolis pilis rigidis apice glandulosis setosis, 
foliorum costa infra glabra, ealyce extra glanduloso-piloso differt. 

Frutex ; ramuli hornotini purpurascentes, basin versus glabrescentes, superne 
dense foliati et pilis longis glandulosis nigrescentibus dense induti. Folia 
oblonga, basi inaequaliter rotundata, apice abrupte et subacute acuminata, 
8-11 cm. longa, 2-3 ■ 5 cm. lata, acumine circiter - 5 cm. longo, rigide 
coriacea, supra viridia et sicco arete impresse reticulata, infra pallidiora, 
subtiliter reticulata, utrinque glabra ; nervi laterales utrinsecus circiter 15, 
utrinque prominuli, intra marginem conjuncti et valde ramosi ; petioli 
1*5 cm. longi, basin versus hispidi. Inftorescentia terruinalis, circiter 
12-flora ; bracteae extra sericeae ; pedicelli 1 ' 5-2 cm. longi, pilis apice 
nigro-glandulosis dense pubescentes. Calyx brevis, obscure 5-lobus, extra 
glanduloso-pubescens, lobis ovato-triangularibus subobtusis glandulosis. 
Corolla late infundibuliformis, albo-rosea, intra basin dorso maculo 
circiter 6 mm. lato purpureo instructa, extra erubescens ; tubus 3 cm. 
longus, apice circiter 2 cm. diametro, glaber ; lobi 5, patulo-recurvati, late 
ovato-rotundati emarginati, 1-5-2 cm. lati. Stamina 10, inclusa; fila- 
menta basin versus pubescentia, 2-2 '5 cm. longa; antherae parvae, atro- 
purpureae, 2*25 mm. longae. Ovarium 6-loculare, pilis apice purpureo- 
glandulosis longe stipitatis dense indutum ; stylus glaber, exsertus, fiavus, 
circiter 3 cm. longus. — J. Hutchinson. 

The Rhododendron here described is closely related to 
11. pac/ii/triehum, Franch., also from Western China, 
already in cultivation in this country. The most striking 
difference between the two is in the branchlets and the 
leaf-stalks. In A\ pachytrichum the hairs on these and on 
the midribs are short and copiously branched, and thus 
impart a mossy appearance ; the calyx is moreover quite 
glabrous. In R. monosematum the hairs on the twigs 
and petioles are long and bristly, simple and gland- 
tipped ; the midrib is glabrous or has but a few gland- 
tipped hairs, while the calyx is densely glandular- 
pubescent. The only locality in which the species here 
figured appears to have been met with in the wild state 
is Mt. Wu, in Szechuan. Here it was collected in July, 

September, 1916. 

1903, by Mr. E. H. Wilson, as a shrub from six to twenty 
feet in height, with white or pink flowers. It was raised 
by Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons at Coombe Wood, from 
seed collected by Wilson, and the plant figured was 
purchased for Kew from their establishment in 1913. 
So far as winter cold is concerned, R. monosematum is 
quite hardy at Kew, but, as with R. pachytrichum, its 
flowers, and even its young shoots, are liable to be 
injured by late spring frosts following mild -weather in 
January and February. For this reason it is best 
planted in a position sheltered from the north and east. 

Description. — Shrub ; young shoots tinged with 
purple, glabrous near the base, upwards densely leafy 
and closely covered with long stiff dark-coloured glan- 
dular hairs. Leaves oblong, abruptly and rather acutely 
acuminate, unequally rounded at the base, 3-4| in. long, 
§-lj in. wide, the tip about £ in. long, firmly leathery, 
green above and when dry closely reticulate, paler and 
very finely reticulate beneath, glabrous on both sur- 
faces ; lateral nerves about 15 on each side the midrib, 
somewhat raised on both surfaces, anastomosing and 
much branched within the margin ; petiole } in. long, 
hispid especially near the base. Inflorescence terminal, 
about 12-flowered ; bracts silky outside; pedicels f-4 in. 
long, densely clothed with dark glandular hairs. Calyx 
short, obscurely 5-lobed, glandular-pubescent outside; 
lo bes ovate-triangular, rather obtuse, glandular. Corolla 
wide funnel-shaped, white suffused with rose-pink, out- 
side reddish, inside with a purple basal blotch about i in. 
across; tube 1^ in. long, about f in. wide, glabrous; 
lobes o, spreading or recurved, wide ovate-rotund, emar- 
gmate, §-£ in. across. Stamens 10, included ; filaments 
pubescent towards the base, f-1 in. long; anthers small, 
dark-purple about T V in. Jong. Ovary 6-celled, densely 
c othed with long hairs tipped with purple glands ; style 
glabrous, exserted, yellow, about II in. long? 

and ris^T °U?\ Wi l h ape ? of P^ tiole ! 2 > a P<* of leaf ; 3, bract ; 4, calyx 
stamens 9 faK?" ^ ^ * he ° Vary ; 6, corolla, laid open 7 and 8, 
stamens , 9, transverse section of ovary ;-all enlarged 


L.R 9 eve&C?Londo-n 

Tab. 8676. 
ursinia cakilefolia. 

South- West Africa. 

Compositae. Tribe Arctotideae. 
Ursinia, Gaertn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 456. 

Ursinia cakilefolia, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 690 ; Harv. in Harv. et Sond Fl 
Cap vol. m. p. 152 ; species U. namaquensi, Schlecbter, affinis, sed 
involucri bracteis exterioribus acute acuminatis diflfert. 

Herba circiter 3 dm. alta, basi parce ramosa; caulis et rami virides, longi- 
tudinahter sulcati, glabri, laxe foliati. Folia bipinnatisecta, 3-5-5 cm. 
longa, glauco-viridia, glabra, segmentis linearibus acutissime et minute 
mucronatis ; petioli basi complanati, plerumque lobulis lateralibus acutis 
mumti. Capitula solitaria, longissime pedunculata, circiter 7 cm. expansa ; 
pedunculi terminales, usque ad 20 cm. longi. Involucrum late et breviter 
campanulatum, 1 cm. longum, 1-5-2 cm. diametro ; bracteae circiter 
6-senatae, ab extremo sensim longiores, exteriores acute acuminatae, 
demum patulo-recurvatae, intermediae et interiores obtuse membraDaceo- 
appendiculatae, glabrae. Floret radii 20-25, subbiseriatae, patuli, supra 
aurantiaci, infra paullo pallidiores ; corollae tubus ; limbus oblongo- 
oblanceolatus, apice integer, 2-5-3 cm. longus, 6-7 mm. latus, circiter 
6-nervus ; acbaema abortiva, linearia, apicem versus lateraliter parce pilosa. 
stores disci mgro-purpurei ; corollae tubus inferne cylindricus, superne 
anguste campanulato-ampliatus, glaber; lobi 5, triangulares. Pappi 
squamae late ovatae vel suborbiculares, membranaceae, 1-5 mm. longae, 
glabrae. Aclmenia anguste obovoidea, glabra. Eeceptaculi squamae flores 
disci mvolventes, apice interdum subdenticulatae, membranaceae, glabrae. 


The genus Ursinia, Gaertn., with which is now incor- 
porated Sphenogyne, E. Br., includes between sixty and 
seventy species, all of them African and almost all con- 
fined to extra-tropical South Africa. Many of the forms 
are closely allied to each other and difficult to distin- 
guish unless examined in a living state. A few of them 
are already grown in Europe as half-hardy annuals, and 
U. cakilefolia, now figured, introduced to Kew in 1914 
by means of seed received from Professor Pearson 
Director of the National Botanic Garden, Kirstenbosch 
Cape Town, promises to be a useful addition to the 
D i Um J?. e , r ; Thls s P ecies was first collected by Drege, on 
the Giftberg, in South- West Africa, and appears to have 
been met with again by Mr. N. S. Pillans, from whose 
garden came the seeds whence the Kirstenbosch plants 

September, 1916. 

were raised. Its nearest ally is a species distributed by 
Dr. Schlechter, under the manuscript name U. nama- 
querists, which differs especially from U. cakilefolia in 
having blunt outer involucral bracts. Mr. J. W. 
Matthews, Cape Town, recommends sowing the seed of 
U. cakilefolia early in March ; hardened off for planting 
out in May, it should commence flowering in June, and 
continue in flower till cut down by frost. He advises 
a poor light sandy soil, and a sunny border or bank. 
At Kew it has flowered in June under glass, and done 
so freely, later in the summer, in a border. Semi- 
procumbent in habit, it makes a bushy plant about a foot 
high and as much through. It seeds freely, and at the 
Cape the percentage of fertility is high. 

Description. —Herb about 1 ft. high, sparingly 
branched at the base ; stem and branches green, sulcate, 
glabrous. Leaves lax, 2-pinnatisect, 1J-2J in. long, 
glaucous-green, glabrous ; segments linear, finely sharply 
mucronate; petiole folded at the base, usually with 
acute lateral lobules. Heads solitary, very long stalked, 
about 2f in. across ; peduncles terminal, reaching 8 in. in 
length. Involucre short, wide-campanulate, about * in. 
deep, |-| in. across ; bracts about 6-seriate, gradually 
longer from without inwards, the outer acutely acu- 
minate, spreading or recurved, the intermediate and 
inner with blunt membranous appendages, glabrous. 
hay-florets 20-25, almost 2-seriate, spreading, orange 
above rather paler beneath; corolla-tube 0; limb 
oblong-lanceolate with entire tip, 1-11 in . iong> over 
j in. wide, about 6-nerved; achenes abortive, linear, 
sparingly hairy on the sides near the top. Disk-florets 
blackish-purple; corolla tube cylindric below, narrow- 
campanulate upwards, glabrous; lobes 5, triangular. 
pappus-scales wide ovate or orbicular, membranous, 
•nr m. long, glabrous. Achenes narrow obovoid, glabrous. 
Aeceptacle-scales enveloping the disk-florets, sometimes 
slightly toothed, membranous, glabrous. 

5 ™;nVSVT r " h l ad; 2and 3 ' ^olucral bracts; 4, base of ray-floret; 
diskfloret 8 iff Wlt o r f c , e P tacI e-scale; 6, disk-floret ; 7, pappus-scale of 
cast- floret, 8, anthers ; 9, style-ar ms ":-«« enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks. Day ScSoi- 

L Reeve &C? Loudon. 

Tab. 8677. 


Soutlt-Eastern Russia to Siberia. 

Caprifoliaceae. Tribe Lonicereae. 
Lonicera, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 5. 

Lonicera tatariea, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 173 ; DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 335 ; Ledeb. 
Fl. Boss. vol. ii. p. 388 ; Koch, Dendr. vol. ii. p. 26 ; Bchder, Syn. Gen. 
Lonicera in Bejp. Miss. Bot. Gard. vol. xiv. p. 126; C. K. Schneider, 
Handb. Laubholzh. vol. ii. p. 716 ; species ab omnibus gregis Tataricarum, 
Rebder, labio corollae superiore multo magis diviso et bracteolis liberis 
«vel subliberis distincta. 

Frutex ad 3 m. altus, ramis glabris, cortice demum cinerascente. Folia ovata 
vel ovato-oblonga, acuta vel rarius obtusiuscula, basi subtruncato-cordata 
vel abrupte rotundata, 3-6 cm. longa, l'5-8 cm. lata, viridia, infra palli- 
diora, glabra ; petiolus 2-6 mm. longus. Flores geminati in pedunculis 
axillaribus glabris l - 5-2 2 cm. longis; bracteae subulatae, glabrae, 2-5 
mm. longae ; bracteolae late ellipticae, obtusae, liberae vel fere liberae, 
circiter 1 mm. longae. Corolla alba vel magis minusve roseo-suffusa, 
glabra ; tubus basi subgibbosus ; lobi laterales a posticis fere ad limbi basin 
separati. Antherae e faucibus corollae exsertae, sed limbo breviores. 
Baccae rubrae, liberae vel subliberae, ad 7 mm. diametro. — Xylosteum 
cordatum, Moench, Metb. p. 502. X. tataricum, Dumont de Courset, 
Bot. Cult. vol. ii. p. 275. Chamaecerasus tatariea, Billiard, L'Hort. Fr. 
p. 256. Caprifolium tataricum, O. Kuntze, Bev. Gen. vol. i. p. 274. — 
O. Stapf. 

Lonicera tatariea is one of the best and most reliable 
for gardens of all the bush Honeysuckles ; it is a 
free grower in all but the poorest soils and flowers 
abundantly every season. There are many forms in 
cultivation in gardens, the differences being mainly in 
the size and colour of the corolla, and Rehder in his 
synopsis of the genus enumerates, in addition to three 
more distinct varieties, no fewer than twenty-two 
separate forms of the typical plant. Of these the one 
here figured, from material supplied from the garden of 
Mr. W. Robinson at Gravetye, near East Grinstead, is 
perhaps the most attractive. It is marked by the full 
rounded character of the corolla segments and the rich 
shade of the flowers. Propagation of any of the forms 
is easily effected by cuttings. This shrub was first made 
known by Amman in 1739, and described by him as a 

September, 1916. 

Chamaecerasus from specimens collected some years 
earlier, near Orenburg, by Heinzelmann, mentioning that 
it had also been found by Gmelin in Dauria. Gmelin's 
own record is from Transbaicalia, and Pallas speaks of 
its occurrence in the Selanga basin. There is no later 
record of this Lonicera from these eastern localities, and 
recent authors omit them from its area. It certainly 
occurs, however, from the lower Volga to the Altai 
range, and throughout the greater part of Northern 
Turkestan. The flowers of the Orenburg form are said 
by Amman to be white; Linnaeus in 1763 termed them 
incarnate, but in 1767 alluded to them as white. Pallas, 
who also described them as incarnate, has remarked 
that a white variety is to be found in shady woods. An 
unusually dark-coloured form, now generally referred *to 
L. tatarica, was figured in this work at t. 2469 as L. 
pumcea, Sims. In that figure, however, the posticous 
lobes of the limb are shown as free to the base, and the 
limb is described as five-cleft with the lobes nearly 
equal, so that, although the other characters suggest 
L. tatarica, this reduction is somewhat doubtful. 

Description.— Shrub, reaching 10 ft. in height; 
branches glabrous ; old bark greyish. Leaves ovate or 
ovate-oblong, acute or occasionally somewhat obtuse, 
base rather truncately cordate or rounded, l£-2£ in. 
long 3 -i T m. W1( j e , gre en, paler beneath, glabrous; 
petiole jV-^ in long. Flowers in pairs on axillary 
glabrous peduncles |-| in. long, bracts subulate, glabrous, 
t* t m. long ; bracteoles wide elliptic, obtuse, free or 
nearly so very short. Corolla white or more or less 
flushed with rose-pink, glabrous ; tube rather gibbous at 
the base ; lateral lobes free from the posterior lobes almost 
to the base of the limb. Anthers distinctly exserted 

if™u £ COr ° lla throat but ^o^er than the corolla- 
iimb. Berries red, free or nearly so, over ± in. across. 

laiKpeA * 3 i^f/T+T' fr T WhI , ch the corolla has b een removed ; 2, corolla, 
ma open , 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, style and stigma -.-all enlarged, 


VmcentBrook a ,D^ kSarvL^imp. 

L. Reeve & C° London 

Tab. 8678. 
ACACALLIS cyanea. 

Upper Amazon. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Yandeae. 
Acacallis, Lindl. ; BentJi. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 544. 

Acacallis eyanea, Lindl. Fol. Orch.Acacal. p. 1 ; Veitch, Man. Orch. pars ix. 
p. 70 ; Cogn. in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. iii. pars v. p. 524 ; Bolfe in Orch. 
Bev. 1907, p. 40 ; species unica. 

Herba epiphytica. Bhizoma lignosum, repens, radicans, vaginis imbricatis 
vestitum. Pseudobulbi parvi, paullo incrassati, monophylli. Folia 
petiolata, obovato-elliptica, acuminata, subplicata, 20-25 cm. longa, 3-8 cm. 
lata. Scapi 15-20 cm. longi, vaginis paucis vestiti ; racemi pauci-multi- 
flori ; bracteae ovato-oblongae, acutae, 0'8-l cm. longae ; pedicelli 2 cm. 
longi. Flores speciosi, expansi. Sepala obovata, subacuta, concava, 
2"5 cm. longa. Petala orbiculari-obovata, 2*5-3 cm. lata. Labcllum 
unguiculatum, erecto -patens ; limbus reniformi-obovatus, emarginatus, 
undulatus, 2 • 5-2 "8 cm. latus, basi concavus ; discus basi late cristatus ; 
crista striata, apice fimbriato-dentata. Columna brevis, suberecta, 1 cm. 
longa, basi in pedem brevem producta ; alae rotundato-oblongae ; pollinia 4, 
pyriformia; stipes planus, obovato-oblongus; glandula rotundata. — Aganisia 
eyanea, Eeichb. f. Beitr. Orch. p. 13, t. 4, et in Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 
vol. xxxv. n. 2, t. 4 ; Lindenia, vol. iii. t. 110. A. coerulea, Eeichb. f. in 
Gard. Chron. 1886, vol. xxv. p. 720 ; Williams, Orch. Alb. vol. viii. t. 374 ; 
Bev. Hort. 1898, p. 432, cum icon. A. tricolor, N. E. Br. in Lindenia, 
vol. i. t. 45. Kochiophyton negrense, Schlechter ex Cogn. in Mart. Fl. 
Bras. vol. iii. pars vi. p. 574, t. 119. — B. A. Eolfe. 

This striking Orchid is a native of the upper Amazon 
region, where it was first met with by the late Dr. R. 
Spruce, growing on trees near forest streams at Barra 
on the Rio Negro in July, 1851, and a little later at the 
Secus cataract, near Panure, on the Rio Uapes. It was 
described by Lindley from Spruce's specimens as a new 
genus nearly related to Warrea, Lindl, and to Huntley a, 
Batem., the latter allied if not reducible to Zygopetalum, 
Hook. From both, however, it is readily distinguished 
both by structure and by habit. The account by Spruce 
of the beauty of Acacallis led to a desire to introduce 
the plant, the fulfilment of which was not accomplished 
until, in 1883, an example obtained by Mr. Morris, a 
collector in the service of Mr. E. Corning, Kenwood, 
Albany County, New York, came into flower. According 

September, 1916. 

to Morris the rootstock is often twenty feet long, its 
ramifications conveying the impression of lattice-work. 
The first plant to flower in England did so in the col- 
lection of Mr. Walter Holland, Mossley Hill, Liverpool, 
in August, 1885. In 1871, Reichenbach, dealing with 
Spruce's specimens, had reduced Acacallis to Aganisia, 
Lindl., and in 1885, on receiving, through Mr. W. Bull, 
fresh flowers from Mr. Holland's plant, still adhered to this 
view, but in recounting the history of the species inad- 
vertently substituted the name coerulea for cyanea. This 
is not the only mishap which has occurred ; the plant has 
since then been described as Aganisia tricolor. That 
Acacallis, with its saccate lip-claw, its different column, 
and its scandent habit, cannot be an Aganisia, has 
been established by Dr. Schlechter, who, however, in 
dealing with the genus under the name Koch iophy ton, 
overlooked the fact that it had already been characterized 
by Lindley. The plant figured was presented to Kew 
while in flower by Mrs. Charles Booth ; it was brought 
from the Amazon by a commander of the Booth Line. It 
thrives in the tropical Orchid House at Kew, and flowered 
there in July, 1914. 

Description. — Herb, epiphytic ; rhizome very long, 
woody, emitting many roots, creeping or climbing, and 
clothed with imbricate sheaths; pseudobulbs small, 
slightly thickened, 1-foliate. Leaves petioled, obovate- 
elliptic, acuminate, somewhat plicate, 8-10 in. long, 
li-3 in. wide. Scapes 6-8 in. long, with few sheaths, 
racemes few- to many-flowered; bracts ovate-oblong, 
acute, J-f in. long; pedicels | in. long. Flowers showy, 
wide explanate. Sepals obovate, rather acute, concave, 
1 in. long. Petals orbicular-ovate, 1-1 £ in. wide. Lip 
stalked, erect then spreading; limb reniform-obovate, 
emarginate, undulate, 1-1^ in. wide, concave at base ; disk 
wide-crested at base; crest striate, fimbriate-toothed. 
Column short, almost erect, f in. long, produced below 
in a short foot ; wings rounded-oblong ; pollinia 4, pyri- 
form ; stipes flat, obovate-oblong ; gland rounded. 

Fig. 1, base of the lip ; 2, column ; 3, anther-cap ; 4, pollinarium, seen from 
behind and in front :— all enlarged. 

Price 10s. 6d. coloured, 7s. 6d. plain. 
Annual Subscription, 42s. 

dFourtf) &ttit$. 

Nos. 142, 143, 144. 

VOL. XII.-OCT., NOV., DEC, 1916. 

ok Nos. 1556, 1557 1558 0P THE EjmRE work. 








Strerror, Royal botanic Ciarfltns, SeBo. 

-. *5^% Z^/.UZS&J^&fK, - 

"Disposing' well 
The gay diversities of leaf and flower.' 


L. REEVE & CO., Ltd., 




[All rights reserved.'] 
(Entered at the New York Post Office as second-class matter.) 



No. 142, Octobee, 1916. 
Tab. 8679.— ROSA DAVIDIL 

No. 143, November, 1916. 
No. 144, December, 1916. 

L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., 6, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C. 



Comprising the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Series. To which is prefixed 
a History of the Magazine by W. Bottino Hemslei. 

Peice 21*. 





With Descriptions of all the Species, Varieties and Hybrids, by Alfred Fbyee> 
A.L.S., illustrated by Robert Mobgak, F.L.S. Continued from Mr. Fryer's notes by 
A. H. Evans, F.Z.S., and concluded by Arthur Benhett, A.L.S. 94 pp., Royal 4to 
(124 in. x 10 in.), with 60 plates depicting each species (in many cases in their yanous 
stages of growth) with enlarged drawings of flowers, fruit, and sections. 

With the plates hand-coloured £5 5s. net. 

With uncoloured plates £3 15s. net. 

L. REEVE & CO., Ltd., 6, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C. 




Vmoeril Brooks, Day E=-Scm 


Tab. 8679. 
ROSA Davidh. 


Rosaceae. Tribe Eoseae. 
Rosa, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 

Rosa Davidii, Crep. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. vol. xiii. p. 253 (1874) ; Franc h 
in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 2, vol. v. p. 270 (PL David, vol. i. p. 118) 
Behder & Wils. in Sarg. PI. Wilson, vol. ii. p. 332 ; affinis R. corymbulosar, 
Rolfe, sed foliolis plurimis simpliciter serratis, corymbis laxis, bracteis 
majoribus, floribus majoribus et glandulis longioribus differt. 

Frutex erectus, parce raraosus, 1-2-metralis ; Hamuli laeves, aculeis rectis 
patentibus sublatis dispersis 4-6 mm. longis armati, demum brunnei. 
Folia 8-10 cm. longa, 7-9-foliolata ; rhaohis puberula, aculeis gracilibus 
sparsis Lnstructa ; foliola subsessilia, elliptico-oblonga vel ovato-oblonga, 
subacuta, simpliciter et acute serrata, subtus cinereo-puberula, 2-3 cm. 
longa, 1-1 '5 cm. lata; stipulae adnatae, anguste oblongae, acutae 
vel acuminatae, integrae, 0*7-1 "5 cm. longae. Flores rosei, corym- 
bulosi, versus apices ramorum laxe dispositi, circiter 3 cm. diametro. 
Bracteae ovatae, acuminatae, puberulae, 1*2-1 "5 cm. longae. Pedunculi 
graciles, 3-4 cm. longi, glanduloso-setulosi. Beceptaculum anguste 
ovoideo-oblongum, 3-4 mm. longum, crebre glandulosum. Calycis lobi basi 
ovati, apice longe foliacei et lanceolati, acuti, 1*3-2 cm. longi, patentes, 
intus cinereo-tomentosi. Petala late obcordata. Filamenta, glabra, 4-5 
mm. longa; antheris aureis. Styli villosi, in columnam 6 mm. Ion gam 
cohaerentee. Fructus ovoideus, 1-1 * 3 cm. longus, coccineus, eepalis 
persistentibus suberectis coronatus. Achaenia villosa, ovoidea, 3 mm. 
longa. — R. A. Rolfe. 

The Rose here figured was originally described by 
Crepin in 1874, and was based on a flowering specimen 
forwarded by Decaisne which was then believed to have 
been received through the Abbe David from Mongolia. It 
was placed somewhat doubtfully in the section bynstylae, 
and was compared with R. moschata, Herrm., though the 
difference in colour of petals and in the shape of the 
sepals and bracts was pointed out. This comparison 
and the reference to Synstylae have tended to obscure 
the identity of David's plant, but a photograph of the 
original specimen supplied by Mr. Gagnepain shows that 
on the original label Crepin added to the name the 
remark " R. macrophylla, var.," a suggestion more in 
accord with its true affinity. This photograph further 
shows that David had himself given the locality as 

October, 1916. 

Eastern Tibet, and Mr. E. H. Wilson, who has also 
collected this species, remarks that it is common on the 
mountains of Moupine in Western Szechuan. The bush 
from which our plate has been prepared was raised from 
seed sent from the Arnold Arboretum in 1909. At Kew 
it has grown very freely and borne good crops of its 
graceful fruit. The seed in question was obtained by 
Wilson in September, 1908, near Wen-ch'uan Hsien in 
Western Szechuan at 7,000-10,000 feet above sea-level. 
In the wild state it occurs in thickets and forms a bush 
thre3 to five feet in height. At Kew it has proved one 
of the most easily grown species of Rose, and thrives 
excellently in stiff "loamy soil. In addition to the highly 
coloured fruits a marked feature of this Rosa is afforded 
by the numerous ovate bracts which sometimes exceed 
in size those shown in our figure. Like other members 
of its group, R. Davidii should be easily increased by 
cuttings taken in August and placed in a propagating 
case in gentle heat. 

Description. — Shrub, sparingly branched, 3-5 ft. 
high; twigs smooth, armed with straight, spreading, 
subulate, scattered prickles |-| in. long, bark at length 
brown. * Leaves 3-4 in. long, 7-9 foliolate ; rachis pube- 
rulous, with scattered slender prickles ; leaflets sub- 
sessile, elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, subacute, simply 
sharply serrate, grey puberulous beneath, f-lj in. long, 
J-f in. wide ; stipules adnate, narrow-oblong, acute or 
acuminate, entire, J-§ in. long. Mowers rose-pink, 
somewhat loosely corymbose, near the tips of twigs, 
about 1| in. across ; bracts ovate, acuminate, puberulous, 
Jr-§ in. long ; peduncles slender, 1^-1 5 in long, slender, 
setose. Receptacle narrowly ovoid-oblong, 1^-1^ in« long, 
closely glandular. Calyx-lobes leafy, lanceolate from an 
ovate base, acute, |-f in. long, spreading, grey-tomentose 
within. Petals wide-obcordate. Filaments glabrous, 
i~i in. long; anthers golden-yellow. Styles villous 
cohering in a column ^ in. long. Fruit ovoid, \-\ in. 
long, pink, crowned by the persistent suberect sepals. 
Achtnes villous, ovoid, ^ in. long. 

Fig. 1, a flower in vertical section, the petals removed; 2 and 8, anthers 
4, carpel with style ; 5, achenc : — all enlarged. 

, I ^inro 

Tab. 8680. 
THURANTHOS macranthum. 

South Africa. 

Liliaceae. Tribe Scillear. 
Thueanthos, C. H. Wright in Kew Bulletin, 1916, p. 233. 

Tlmranthos macranthum, C. H. Wright: species unica. 

Herba perennis. Bulbus 12 cm. diametro, squamis crassis carnosis instructus. 
Folia hysterantha, linearia, acuminata, carinata, glabra, 70 cm. longa, 
fere 2 cm. lata. Scapus 1-1 • 8 in. altus, cylindricus, basi purpurascens ; 
bracteae deltoideae, acuminatae, 2 mm. longae ; pedicelli 4 cm. longi, sub 
anthesin decurvati, floribus pendulis. Prrianthii segmenta libera, 
aequalia, recurvata, oblonga, obtusa, luteo-brunnea, costa lata viridi 
uninervia instructa, 2 - 5 cm. longa, 5 mm. lata. Filamcntorum pars 
inferior 12 mm. longa, compressa, valide incurvata, luteo-brunnea ; pars 
superior 5 mm. longa, cylindrica, erecta, albescens ; antherae dorsifixae, 
oblongae, 3 mm. longae. Ovarium oblongum, trilobatum ; stylus colum- 
naris, staminibus paullo longior ; stigma discoideum ; ovula plana. Capsula, 
oblonga, laevis, 3*5 cm. longa, 1 cm. diametro, pedicillis suberectis 
instructa. — Drimia ? macrantha, Baker in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xv. 
Heft. 3, p. 7, et in Dyer, Fl. Cap. vol. vi. p. 442. Ornithogalum? 
macranthum, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 280. — C. H. Wright. 

The South African Squill which forms the subject of 
our illustration was first met with by Drege in 1840 in 
the Uitenhage and Queenstown divisions of Cape Colony, 
and when originally described was referred doubtfully 
to the genus Ornithogalum. It was subsequently met 
with in the eastern coast districts of the Colony and in 
Griqualand East, and on account of its scaly bulb was 
transferred from Ornithogalum to Drimia, in which genus, 
however, its position, owing to there being in our species 
no campanulate tube, was equally doubtful. More 
recently it has been met with near Umtata in Tembuland 
by Canon G. E. Mason and Miss M. H. Mason, and was 
introduced by them to the Cambridge Botanic Garden, 
where a plant flowered in May, 1913, afterwards pro- 
ducing leaves which became fully developed in July. 
From material communicated by Mr. R. I. Lynch, the 
figure here given of the flowers and leaves has been 
prepared. The sketch of the bulb and base of the scape 
has been reduced from an original field-drawing by 
Miss Mason. Tne opportunity of examining living 

OCTOBBB, l'J16. 

specimens has shown that the plant is more nearly allied 
to Albuca than to Drimia or to Ornithogalum, but it 
differs in having the inner perianth-segments erect and 
shorter than the outer, and differs further so greatly in 
the structure of the filaments that it seems desirable to 
accord it the position of a distinct genus, ThurantJt&s, a 
name based on the disposition of the lower portions of 
the filaments, which are coloured like the perianth, are 
outcuived for about a quadrant and connivent above, 
thus leaving interspaces like the longitudinal openings of 
a lantern. The portions of the filaments surmountir g 
this lantern are cylindric, w^hite, and erect round the 
columnar style. The colour of the perianth-segments 
appears to vaiy considerably ; in field-notes it is given 
'red-brown,' 'yellow-green,'"' brown with a red band.' 
The treatment most suitable for South African species 
of Ornithogalum appears to be equally appropriate to 
Tlauanthos macranthum which, Mr. Lynch informs us, 
though it has thriven satisfactorily at Cambridge, sending 
up fresh young leaves, has not flowered since it did so in 

Description.— Herb, perennial; bulb 4| in. across, 
clothed with thick fleshy scales. Leaves appearing after 
flowering, linear, acuminate, keeled, glabrous, over 2 ft. 
long, about f in. wide. Scape 3^-6 it. high, cylindric, 
purplish near the base; bracts deltoid, acuminate, T W in. 
long ; pedicels If in. long, decurved ; flowers pendulous. 
Perianth-segments free, equal, recurved, oblong, obtuse, 
brownish-yellow with a longitudinal central green band, 
1 ln * lon g> J in- wide. Stamens equal; lower portion 
ct the filaments £ in. long, flattened, much incurved, 
brownish-yellow ; upper portion J in. long, cylindric, 
erect, whitish; anthers oblong, dorsifixed, 4 in. long. 
Uvary oblong, 3-lobed ; style columnar, rather larger 
than the stamens; stigma discoid; ovules several. 
Capsule oblong, smooth, 11 in. long, over l in. wide, 
borne on erect fruiting pedicels. 

KnlifSi' Stam t n With base of a Perianth-segment; 2, pistil; 3, sketch of a 
Sf] Cap a f» ffl1 enlarged except 3, which is much reduced from an 
original drawing by Miss Mason. 



1. /Reeve ZtC* London 

Tab. 8681. 
STAPELIA Gettleffii. 


Asclkpiadaceae. Tribe Stapelieae. 
Stapelia, B. Br. ; Bcnth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 784. 

Stapelia Gettleffii, Pott in Ann. Transvaal Mus. vol. iii. p. 226 ; affinis 
S. hirsuta:', Linn., sed caulibus crassioribus, foliis duplo longioribus 
appressioribus et corolla fere ad apiceni luteo-lineata bene distinguenda. 

Herba succulenta 10-20 cm. alta. Catties l - 2-l'5 cm. crassi, erecti basi 
decumbentes, tetragoni angulis compressis dentatis, velutino-pubescentes, 
virides. Folia, rudimentaria 9-12 mm. longa, adpresso-erecta, lineari- 
lanceolata, acuta. Cymae prope basin caulorum enatae, subsessiles, 1-3- 
florae. Pedicelli 6-8 cm. longi, 4-5 mm. crassi, velutini. Sepala 10-12 
mm. longa, lanceolata, acuta, velutina. Corolla 14-16 cm. diametro, pro- 
funde 5-loba, extra velutina, flavo-viridis, intus transverse rugosa, disco 
purpureo longe et molliter purpureo-lanato, lobis fere ad apicem transverse 
luteo- et purpureo -lineatis marginibua late purpureis et longe purpureo- 
ciliatis; lobi patenfces vel reflexi, 6-7 cm. longi, 25 cm. lati, lanceolati, 
acuti, marginibus revolutis. Coronae exterioris lobi 6 mm. longi, erecto- 
patuli apice recurvi, lanceolati, supra canaliculati, apice subulato-acuminati, 
atropurpurei ; interioris lobi 10-12 mm. longi, patuli, subulati, dorso lata 
alati, alis 1-3-dentatis, atropurpurei. — N. E. Brown. 

The handsome Stapelia here figured was originally dis- 
covered in 1911 by Mr. G. F. Gettleffi at Louis Trichardt 
in the Zoutpansberg division of the Transvaal, and in 
the same year was found also at Palapye Road. A living 
plant from the latter locality, sent by Mr. N. S. Pillans, 
reached Kew in June, 1911. It has thriven well on 
the sunny shelf of a warm greenhouse and, flowering for 
the first time in June, 1915, has enabled the accom- 
panying plate to be prepared. A second living plant 
was sent to Mr. N. E. Brown by Mr. Pilhns from Palapye 
Road in 1911, and another from the Louis Trichardt 
locality, sent by Mrs. Pott, reached England in 1912. 
In April, 1913, Mrs. Pott supplied the Kew Herbarium 
with an excellent diied specimen prepared by her from 
the plant on which her original description was based. 
The peculiar fashion in which the unusually large rudi- 
mentary leaves are disposed, in an erect position close 

October. 1916, 

to the angles of the stem, at once distinguish it from all 
the allied species even when it is out of flower. Its 
nearest ally is S. hirsuta, Linn., from the south-western 
portion of Cape Colony, and one of the most interesting 
features connected with the plant now described is that 
its habitat should be separated from that of the older 
species by a distance of six hundred miles. Like other 
members of the genus, S. Gettleffii requires a well-drained 
soil, and very little water should be supplied during the 
winter months. 

Description. — Herb, succulent, 4-8 in. high ; stems 
£-$ in. thick, decumbent below then erect, 4-angled 
with angles compressed and toothed, velvety-pubescent, 
green. Leaves rudimentary, adpressed-erect, J— J in. 
long, linear-lanceolate, acute. Cymes subsessile, produced 
near the base of the stem, 1-3-flowered ; pedicels J— J in. 
long, i-i in. thick, velvety. Sepals $— £ in. long, lanceo- 
late, acute, velvety. Corolla about 6 in. across, deeply 
5-lobed, velvety outside, yellowish-green, transversely 
rugose within, the purple disk clothed with long soft 
pubescence, the lobes with broad purple edges and else- 
where barred with transverse yellow and purple lines ; 
lobes spreading or reflexed, 2^-2| in. long, 1 in. across, 
lanceolate, acute, with margins reflexed. Corona double ; 
lobes of the outer corona | in. long, somewhat spreading, 
lanceolate, with a subulate-acuminate recurved dark- 
purple tip; those of the inner corona J-J in. long, 
spreading, dark-purple, subulate with a 1-3-toothed 
broad dorsal wing. 

Fig. 1, portion of stem with rudimentary leaveB ; 2, corona; 3, pollen- 
rnasses; 4, sketch of an entire plant:— a 11 enlarged except 4, which is much 


Vincei&Brodcs.Dap & SoitLt^nop 

LJleeve &C9_London 

Tab. 8682. 

CALLICARPA Giraldiana. 


Verbenaceae. Tribe Viticeae. 
Callicarpa, Linn.', Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1150. 

Calliearpa Giraldiana, Hesse in Mitt. Deutscli. Dendr. Ges. vol. xxi. p. 366, 
cum figuris pp. 368, 369 sed sine descr. ; Iiehder in Bailey, Stand. Cycl. 
Hort. vol. ii. p. 629 et in Plant. Wilson, vol. iii. pars 2, p. 366, pro parte ; 
inter species gregis C. purpurcae, Juss., tomento ampliore in novellis 
fulvo-griseo-furfuraceo, floribus majusculis, calycibus laxe stellato-pilosulis, 
fructibus lilacinis insignis. 

Frutex ad 2 m. altus ; raminovelli tomento fulvo-griseo-furfuraceo densiusculo 
obtecti, mox glabrescentes, cortice demum plumbeo laevi vel hicinde ob 
pilorum bases persistentes rudi. Folia late lanceolata vel elliptico-lanceo- 
lata, acuta vel acuminata, rarius nonnulla obtusa et tunc interdum 
obovata, basi acuta, crebre denticulata, dentibus ultra 30 in utroque latere, 
8-12 cm. longa, 2 5-5 "5 cm. lata, novella tomento fulvo-griseo-furfuraceo 
e pilis stellatis composito obtecta, mox glabrescentia, matura supra sub- 
glabra vel glabra, subtus imprimis in costa nenvisque pilis paucis conspersa 
et minute flavo-glandulosa, nervis lateralibus utrinque 6-10; petiolus 
circiter 1 cm. longus. Paniculae contractae, subglobosae, 2-3*5 cm. 
diametro, omnibus partibus pilis stellatis indutis, indumento sumim 
multo laxiore, pedunculo 1-1 5 cm. longo pedicellis 1*5-2 '5 mm. longis ; 
bracteae pedicellos magis minusve aequantes. Calyx obovato-oblongus, 
2-2-5 mm. longus, 4-lobus, lobis subacutis vel obtusis, pilis albis stellatis 
laxe conspersus. Corolla 35-4 mm. longa, tubi parte basali oylindrica 
vix 1 mm. longa, amplia-ta fere duplo longiore, limbo lilacino, lobis rotun- 
datis brevibus. Antherae 1-1*6 mm. longae, plane exsertae longe dehis- 
centes. Fructus circiter 4 mm. diametro, lilacinus.— C. longifolia, Diels 
in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 548 in parte, non Lam.— O. «tapf. 

Callicarpa Giraldiana was raised from seeds presented 
to Kew in 1908 by the Director of the Arnold Arboretum. 
They grew very well in the nursery in ordinary soil to a 
height of 5 to 6 feet, producing in 1914 for the first time 
a fine crop of fruits, which for several weeks in October 
and November made a most effective display. In our 
experience at Kew this is by far the most attractive of 
its genus as cultivated in the open air. It appears to be 
perfectly hardy and is of the easiest cultivation. It 
likes a good loamy soil and its propagation is readily 
secured either by cuttings or by seeds. It promises 

October, 1916, 

to be one of the most beautiful fruit-bearing shrubs of 
recent introduction. The species was originally dis- 
covered by Mr. A. Henry in Hupeh in 1887, and was 
met with again by Pere Giraldi in Shensi in 1897, but 
was first recognised as distinct in 1912 when Mr. H. A. 
Hesse of Weener, East Friesland, who had received seeds 
from Giraldi through Mr. L. Beissner of Poppelsdorf, 
published photographic reproductions of a flowering and 
a fruiting branch, with a note in which the plant w r as 
named after the Italian missionary to w r hom we owe so 
much of our knowledge of the vegetation of Shensi. 
Two years later Mr. A. Render published a brief diagnosis 
in Professor Bailey's Cyclopaedia, and the same author 
has since then, on 31st August, 1916, given a full account 
of the species in the Plantae Wilsonianae, after having 
himself seen the shrub in Mr. Hesse's nursery and 
compared specimens taken therefrom with material 
collected by Henry, Giraldi and Wilson, including the 
field-material issued by Mr. Wilson as his n. 439, which 
corresponds with seeds from which the Kew plant now 
figured was raised. Dr. Stapf finds, however, that some 
of the specimens enumerated by Render under C. Giral- 
diana belong to other species. When the extraneous 
elements are excluded it is found that the southern limit 
of C. Giraldiana, so far as is at present known, does not 
overpass the Yang-tse-Kiang basin, and its area extends 
from Western Szechuan through Hupeh to Shensi. In 
the wild state the inflorescences are frequently more 
scanty than in the cultivated example now figured. 

Description.— Shrub, 5-6 ft. high ; young twigs rather 
closely tawny-grey pubescent, soon becoming glabrous ; 
bark ultimately leaden-grey, smooth or in places rough 
with persistent hair-bases. Leaves wide-lanceolate, or 
elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, rarely some of 
them blunt and then at times obovate, base acute, 
margin closely toothed, teeth more than 30 on each side, 
3-5 in. long, 1-2| in. wide, when young with a covering 
of tawny-grey stellate hairs, soon becoming glabrous, 
when full grown nearly to quite glabrous above, beneath 
with a few scattered hairs on the midrib and nerves and 
minutely yellow-glandular ; lateral nervep 6-10 on each 

side of the midrib ; petiole about .1 in. long. Panicles 
contracted, subglobose, |-1^ in. across, uniformly beset 
with stellate hairs, the tomentum much looser upwards ; 
peduncle l-§ in. long ; pedicels tVtV m - l° n g J bracts 
about as long as the pedicels. Calyx obovate-oblong, 
T2~tV m - l OI1 g> 4-lobed ; lobes subacute or obtuse, loosely 
beset with white stellate hairs. Corolla f— \ in. long ; 
lower portion of the tube cylindric, very short, but 
nearly twice as long as the widened upper portion ; limb 
lilac, lobes rounded, short. Anthers very short, distinctly 
exserted, dehiscing throughout their length. Fruit about 
\ in. across, lilac. 

Fig. 1, portion of an inflorescence ; 2, section of calyx, showing ovary ; 
3 and 4, stamens; 5, fruits ; 6, seed; — all enlarged. 

'Ancenl Brooks,Daa-&5on.Lt*nnp. 

Tab. 8683. 


Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Dendrobium, Sivartz ; Bcnth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 498. 

Dendrobium Palpebrae, Lindl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. v. p. 33 (1850) ; 
Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. i. p. 48 ; Veitch, Man. Orch. pars iii. p. 67 ; 
Hook./. Flor. Brit. Ind. vol. v. p. 750; Rolfe in Orch. Rev. 1896, pp. 73, 
142 ; a D. Farmeri, Paxt., pseudobulbis gracilioribns, raeemis et pedi- 
cellis brevioribus, floribus minoribus, sepalis petalisque albis, labello 
prominenter ciliato differt. 

Herba epiphytica, 15-20 cm. alta. Pseudobulbi aggregati, elongati, snb- 
graciles, sulcati, vaginis membanaceis vestiti, apice 2-3-phylli. Folia 
lanceolato-oblonga, acuta, 7-10 cm. longa, 2-3 cm. lata. Bacemi sub- 
erecti, 8-10 cm. longi, multiflori. Bracteae anguste oblongae, 6-7 mm. 
longae. Pedicelli 1*5-2 cm. longi. Flores speciosi, albi, labelli disco 
flavo vel aurantiaco. Sepala elliptico-oblonga, circiter 1 cm. longa. 
Petala ovato-elliptica, sepalis latiora. Labellum breviter unguiculatum, 
ovato-orbiculare, subacutum, basi pubescens, margine prominenter ciliato. 
Columna lata, brevis ; pollinia ea generis. — Dendrobium Farmeri album, 
Regel, Gartenfl. vol. xvii. p. 321, t. 595. — R. A. Rolfe. 

The Dendrobium here figured is a Burmese species 
which has never been common in Orchid collections, 
doubtless owing to the circumstance that it has rarely 
been met with in the wild state. It was originally 
received by Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons from Moulmein 
and flowered in their nursery for the first time in 
November, 1849. It was shortly afterwards described 
by Professor Lindley, whose name D. Palpebrae has 
reference to the * eye-lash ' fringe of the lip. There is 
proof that the species had been received at the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Calcutta, from Burma, by Dr. T. 
Anderson, who has recorded its flowering there in 
December, 1862. The original specimen obtained by 
Messrs. Veitch appears to have been found by Mr. T. 
Lobb ; the name of the collector who obtained the 
Calcutta plant referred to is not recorded. There is also 
evidence that Surgeon-Major Jerdon had a living plant 
in his private collection in Madras, though neither the 

October, 1916, 

date of its flowering nor the provenance of his plant has 
been recorded. In Europe it appears to have been lost 
s : ght of until 1868 when the species was figured by the 
late Professor Regel as D. Farrneri album from a plant 
introduced from Moulmein by Messrs. Hugh Low and 
Company. Subsequently it is known to have been 
obtained from Moulmein by Major-General E. Berkeley 
and Mr. G. M. Peche and perhaps others, but in India, 
at least, its identity was not ascertained : Jerdon's plant 
was believed to be a form of D. densiflorum, Watt. ; that 
of Anderson was supposed to be D. Gr/fithianum, Lindl. ; 
Peche's plant was identified with D. Farmerii, Paxt. 
The confusion was increased by the publication of a 
figure of a Sikkim form of D. Farmerii by Sir J. D. 
Hooker (Ann. E,oy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta, vol. v. p. 14, 
t. 22), under the name D. Palpebrae, in 1895, and although 
this identification was corrected by Sir G. King and 
Mr. Pantling in 1898 (I.e. vol. viii. p. 57), the position 
of the true D. Palpebrae, Lindl., was left somewhat 
obscure. The plant from which our figure has been 
prepared is one that has been long in cultivation at Kew, 
where it thrives well in a tropical house under the 
conditions suitable for D. demiflorum, D. thyrs fftorum 
and other nearly related species. Its precise origin is 

Description.— Herb, epiphytic, 6-8 in. high ; pseudo- 
bulbs clustered, elongated, rather slender, sulcate. clothed 
with membranous sheaths, each with 2-3 subterminal 
leaves. Leaves lanceolate-oblong, acute, 3-4 in. long, 
4 1:, in. wide. Racemes suberect, 3-4 in. long, many- 
flowered; bracts narrow-oblong, about J in. long; 
pedicels f-f in. long. Flowers showy, white, the lip with 
a yellow or orange disk. Sepals elliptic -oblong, over 
^ in. long. Petals ovate-elliptic, wider than the sepals. 
Lip short-clawed, ovate-orbicular, somewhat acute, 
pubescent at the base, with a markedly ciliate margin. 
Column broad, short ; pollinia as in the genus. 

a Zlfr 1, SP' . sbowin B the fringe; 2, column, with its foot; 3, anther-cap ; 
4 and o, poUinia, seen from in front and from behind :-all enlarged. 


t Brooks, Day 

L.Rfieve&C9 L0n.ri.r3n. 

Tab. 8684. 


Pkoteaceae. Tribe Embothrieae. 
Telopea, It. Br. ; Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 184. 

Tolopea oreades, Mtisll. Sixth Syst. Ind. PI. Victoria, p. 18 (nomen) ; Fragm. 
Phyt. vol. ii. p. 170; Key Syst. Vict. PI. vol. i. p. 277; vol. ii. p. 29, 
fig. 72; PI. Indig. Victoria, {cont. Eivart) vol. ii. p. 10, t. 73; Benth. Fl. 
Austral, vol. v. p. 435; Maiden, For. Fl. N.S.W. vol. v. p. 69 (exompl. e 
Gippsland tantum), t. 163, fig. N ; affinis T. speciosissimae, It Br., sed 
foliis integris obscure nervosis bracteis minoribus forma diversis distincta ; 
a T. truncata, R. Br., glabritie bractearum et foliorum forma distat. 

Arbor 9-12 m. alta, ramis sub racemis primo adpresse fulvo-pubescentibus 
mox glabrescentibus caeterutn glabris cortice nigricante obtectis. Folia, 
lineari-oblonga vel oblanceolata, basi sensim in petiolum abeuntea, acuta 
vel obtusa, integra, 15-20 cm. longa, 3-5 cm. lata, coriacea, supra saturate 
viridia, subtus pallidiora vel subglauca, nervis venisque plerumque obscuris ; 
petiolus 1-2-5 cm. longus, fusco-pubcrulus. Flores in racemum capituli- 
formem basi bracteis involucratum dispositi ; rhachis glabra ; bracteae 
exteriores ovatae, interiores oblongae, cuspidato-acuminatae, subcoriaceae, 
glabrae, rubrae vel rubescentes, intus increscentes, fere ad 4 cm. longae ; 
pedicelli 1-25 cm. longi, glabri. Perianth ium kermesinum ante anthesin 
ipsam tubulosum, modice incurvum, circiter 2*5 cm. longum, glaberrimum, 
mox uno latere ad ba,si fissum ; limbos revolutus, 6-8 mm. longus, 4-fidus, 
segmentis spathulatis subacutis 2 interioribus paulo minoribus. Antherae 
late ovatae. Glandulae bypogynae alte connatae, ovarii basin uno latere 
cingentes. Pistillum ad 3-5 cm. longum, apice paulo incrassatum, uno 
latere stigma papillosum gerens. Fructus follicularis, pedicello recurvato 
insidens, oblongus, stylo coronante dempto circiter 7 cm. longus. Semina 
circiter 15, ellipsoidea, truncata, 8-10 mm. longa, ala terminali late lineari 
ad 3 cm. longa.— 0. Stapf. 

The Gippsland Waratah was first discovered by the 
late Baron von Miiller at Nangutta Creek and Weather- 
head, according to Mr. Maiden within New South Wales. 
It has, however, been met with frequently since in Gipps- 
land, whence its name, and is undoubtedly a Victorian 
species. The plant which Maiden has figured as Telopea 
oreades, found at Braidwood, a hundred miles north 
of Gippsland, is rather different ; it has narrower leaves 
and a rusty pubescence, as in T. truncata, R. Br., from 
Tasmania. The most northerly Waratah is T. specio- 
si.ssima, R. Br., between Hunter and Shoalhaven Rivers 
in New South Wales. The Braidwood and the Gipps- 
land plants inhabiting intermediate stations exhibit 

XoVEJIBEK, 1916. 

somewhat intermediate characters. Nearly thirty years 
ago Miiller suggested that the Gippsland Waratah 
should be tried in the open in sheltered situations in 
England, and the Rev. Mr. Boscawen of Ludgvan 
Rectory, Cornwall, has shown that the Baron's suggestion 
was practical. From seed received in 1910 Mr. Boscawen 
raised a plant which, when six inches high, he planted 
out in a warm position in a mixture of bog earth, leaf 
mould and granite sand. This plant is now fifteen feet 
high, and in 1916 bore over thirty flower heads, from, 
some of which it is hoped seeds may ripen. The material 
for our plate came from this plant in 1915, in which 
year Mr. Boscawen also succeeded in inducing T. sjiecio- 
sissma to flower. 

Description.— Tree, 30-40 ft. high; twigs close under 
the flower-heads, at first clothed with a close tawny 
pubescence which soon disappears, elsewhere glabrous; 
bark very dark coloured. Leaves linear-oblong or oblan- 
ceolate, gradually narrowed to the petiole, acute or 
obtuse, entire, 6-8 in. long, l|-2 in. wide, leathery, deep 
green above, paler or somewhat glaucous beneath, nerves 
and veins inconspicuous ; petiole ^-1 in. long, tawny- 
puberulous. Flowers in capitulate racemes with a whorl 
ot basal bracts; rachis glabrous; outer bracts ovate, 
inner bracts oblong, cuspidate-acuminate, firm, glabrous, 
red or reddish, thickened within, about 1J in. long; 
pedicels 2 in. long, glabrous. Perianth crimson, tubular 
beiore opening, slightly incurved, about 1 in. long, quite 
glabrous, soon splitting to the base on one side ; limb 
revolute ? -i in. long, 4-fid; lobes spathulate, somewhat 
acute, the 2 inmost rather the smaller. Anthers wide 
? vate ' Uypogynous glands much united, surrounding the 
7 e u f ™ e ? var y on one side. Pistil about 1 1 in. long, 
slightly thickened at the tip, with a papillose stigma at 
one side. Zrmt follicular, supported by the recurved 
pedicel, oblong, about 2f in. long not including the 
persistent style. Seeds about 15, ellipsoid, 4-1 in. long, 
with a wide-linear terminal wing over 1 in. long. 

4 Stil-'5 fl W i r ; 1 T d; , 2 ' ?° Wer , ; 3 ' P art of the Perianth, with stamens; 
1, FteW, o, longxtudmal section of ovary; 6, ovule -.-all enlarged. 


MS del in : 

Tab. 8685. 


Mediterranean region. 

Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Cytisus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 484. 

Cytisus monspessularms, Linn. Sp. PI ed. i. p. 740 ; Briq. Etnd. Cylis. Alp. 
Marti p 141; Bcichb. Ic. Flor. Germ. vol. xxii. t. 2079, figs. l. & If. j 
Aschers. & Graebn. Syn. Mittcleurop. Fl. vol. vi. Abt. ii. p. 297 ; Schneider, 
Laubholzk. vol. ii. p. 41, figs. 27 e-h, 28, d; Bean, Trees and 8hrubt, 
vol i. p. 460 ; a C. Hosmariensi altera specie subsectionis Phyllotehnar, 
Briq., differt foliolis minoribus subtus haud dense sericeis, floribus minori- 
bus, vexillo sericeo. 

Frutex 1-3 ra. alt us, ramosisssimus, ramis prominenter striatis, jvmioribus 
pafcule pubescentibus. Foliola obovata vel obovato-oblonga, obtusa vel 
obtusiuscula, apiculata, 10-20 mm. longa, 5-8 mm lata, supra glabra, 
subtus pubescentia. Flore* 3-9, in ramuhs laterahbus fasciculati vel 
subumbellati; pedicelli vix 2 mm. longi, villosuli, medio minute 
bracteati, apice 2-bracteolati. Calyx 2-labiatus, 4-5 mm. longus villo- 
sulus, labii superiors dentibus minutis intermedio longiore, mfenoris 
segmentis triangularibus. Corolla lutea, 8-9 mm. longa, petahs sub- 
aequilon-is, vexillo late ovato vel rotundato-elhptico glabro, alis glabns, 
carina obtusa superne parce sericea. Legumen 1-Z cm. longum, 4 mm. 
latum, birsuto-sericeum.— C. candicans, Lam. & DC, Fl. tranc. vol. iv. 
p 504. Genista candicans, Linn. Cent. i. 609 ; Amoen. Acad. vol. iv. 
p 284. Teline candicans, Webb in Webb & Berth. Phyt. Canar. vol. 11. 
p. 35. T. monspcssulana, C. Koch, Dendrol. vol. l. p. 30.— O. bTAPF. 

According to Sweet the Broom here figured was intro- 
duced into England in 1735, but in the third edition of 
the Gardeners' Dictionary published that year MiLer 
alludes to it as the Base Tree Trefoil of Montpelher and 
already established in this country. It was still to be 
found wild at Graumont near Montpelher up to forty 
years ago, but owing to the clearing of the land was 
hardly able to maintain itself. Its natural area extends 
from the Canaries to Algeria and Spain and thence 
throughout the Mediterranean region to Greece, while a 
peculiar variety occurs in Syria. Tournefort towards 
the close of the seventeenth century was the first author 
to associate the plant particularly with Montpelher, 
whence the name Cytisus monspessulanus first used by 

November, 1916. 

Linnaeus. But Cesalpini a century earlier has termed 
it C. sylvestris candicans, a circumstance which explains 
the name Genista candicans, employed by Linnaeus when 
some years later he transferred the plant to the latter 
genus. Although C. monspessulanus has been in cultiva- 
tion for nearly two centuries it has never, owing to its 
tenderness, become a common shrub. A few succeeding 
mild winters allow it to develop into a bush six feet high, 
and then it makes a bright display when in flower during 
the second and third weeks of May. But it rarely 
survives the effe, ts of fifteen to twenty degrees of frost, 
so that sooner or later it has to be replaced. This is 
easily arranged for, as seeds, at least from cultivated 
specimens, are easily obtained from southern France. It 
likes the sunniest possible position and does not require 
rich soil or feeding at the root. It rarely ripens its seed 
at Kew. 

Description.— Shrub, 3-10 ft. high, much branched, 
the twigs distinctly striate and at first clothed with 
spreading hairs. Leaflets obovate or obovate-oblong, 
more or less obtuse, apiculate, £-£ long, \-\ in. wide, 
glabrous above, pubescent beneath. Flowers in clusters, 
sometimes almost umbellate, of 3-9 on specialised lateral 
twigs ; pedicels hardly T \ z in. long, rather villous, minutely 
bracteate about the middle, 2-bracteolate at the tip. 
Lalyx 2-hpped, J-J in. long, rather villous ; teeth of the 
i^pper hp minute, the central rather longer than the 
others, those of the lower lip triangular. Corolla yellow, 
:i in. long ; peta's nearly of the same length, the standard 
wide-oblong or rounded-elliptic and glabrous, the wings 
glabrous, the keel blunt and sparingly silky upwards. 
/ od ^~\\ in. long, J in. wide, silkily hairy. 

_ Fig. 1_, a flower, the petals removed ; % standard ; 3, wing-petal ; 4, keel- 
petal ; 5, pistil :- all enlarged. 


Tab. S686. 

New Zealand. 

Ranunculaceae. Tribe Clematideae. 
Clematis, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 3. 

Clematis afoliata, J. Buck, in Trans. N.Z. Inst. vol. iii. p. 211 (1871) ; 
T. Kirk, Students' Fl. p. 3 ; Cheeseman, Man. N.Z. Fl. p. 5 ; caulibus 
aphyllis distincta. 

Frutex scandens caulibus ramulisque longis saepius dense intertextis. Hamuli 
graciles, rigidi, striati, glabri. Folia in planta matura saepissime ad 
petiolos redacta, rarius foliola tria minuta longipetiolulata ovata vel 
triangularia gerentia ; folia in plantis juvenibus saepius majora; petioli 
graciles, 2-10 cm. longi. Flores dioici, in axillis fasciculati, binati ad 
quinati, rarius solitarii, viridulo-albi, 2-3 cm. diametro ; pedunculi basi 
perulati, apice bibracteolati, ut pedicelli densiuscule pilosi. Flores $ : 
Sepala 4, lanceolata, acuta, circiter 1*5 cm. longa, extra sericea. Stami- 
nodia pauca filamentis valde applanatis, antheris effoetis oblongo-lineanbus. 
Bistilla nuinerosa. Ovarium pilosum. Achaenia ovoidea, sericea. Flores 
d : Antherae (teste Cheeseman) lineares. — C. aphylla, Colens. in Trans. 
N.Z. Inst. vol. xix. p. 259 (1886).— T. A. Sprague. 

Clematis afoliata exhibits an interesting stage in the 
development of aphylly in which only the leaflets are 
suppressed, whilst the petioles are fully developed. The 
New Zealand species of Clematis are all endemic and all 
dioecious and are mostly difficult to discriminate, both 
on account of the separation of the sexes, and because of 
the polymorphy of their foliage. C. afoliata is, however, 
readily recognizable on account of its leafless appearance ; 
according to Cheeseman, it often forms dense masses of 
intertwined stems and branches several feet in length. 
For the material for our illustration we are indebted to 
Miss Willmott, in whose garden at Warley Place, Great 
Warley, Essex, C. afoliata, grown on a sunny wall, is, 
when in full flower, a very striking plant. For its 
introduction, Miss Willmott informs us, her garden was 
indebted to her uncle, Mr. Charles Willmott, who sent 
its seeds from New Zealand nearly forty years ago. An 
interesting addition to outdoor collections, this species 
will require protection during winter except perhaps in 

November, 1916. 

the warmer south-western districts of the United 

Description.— Shrub, stems and branches long, often 
intricately interlaced; twigs slender, stiff, striate, gla- 
brous. Leaves in full-grown plants usually reduced to 
petioles, rarely furnished with 3 minute long-petioluled 
ovate or triangular leaflets ; in young plants the leaves 
often well developed ; petioles slender, f-4 in. long. 
Flowers dioecious, in fascicles of 2-5, rarely solitary, in 
the leaf-axils, greenish-white, f-lj in. across ; peduncles 
perulate at the base, 2-bracteolate at the apex, rather 
densely hairy throughout. Female flowers: Sepals 4, 
lanceolate, acute, about f in. long, silky outside. Stamt- 
nodes few, their filaments much flattened; anthers 
oblong-linear, sterile. Pistils numerous. Ocary pilose. 
Achenes ovoid, silky. Male flowers : Anthers, according 
to Cheese man, linear. 

Fi£. 1, tip of leafless petiole; 2, bracteoles ; 3, sepal; 4, staminode ; 
5, carpal :— M enlarge.!. l 



>&C° London. 

Tab. 8687. 
ARTANEMA longifolium. 

Tropical Asia and Tropical Africa. 

Scrophulariaceae. Tribe Gratioleab. 
Artanema, Don ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 953. 

Artanema longifolium, VatJce in Linnaea, vol. xliii. p. 307 (var.) ; Engl. Pfi. 
Ost-Afr. C, p. ,357 ; ab A. fimbriate, Don, foliis multo latioribus saepe 
distincte petiolatis, pedicellis paulo brevioribus, corollae maj oris tubo 
minus attenuato lobisque postico emarginato excepto integernmis differt. 

Herba perennis, erecta, paroe ramosa, 3 dm.-l m. alta. Caulis acute quad- 
rangularis, late 2-sulcatus, ad angulos leviter scabridulus. Folia, opposita, 
petiolata vel superiora subsessilia, oblongo-lanceolata vel late laneeolata, 
apice acuta vel acuminata, basi attenuata, plus minusve serrata, supra 
saepe leviter scabridula, 5-13 cm. longa, 1-2-4 cm. lata ; petiolus ad 2 cm. 
longus. Racemus terminalis, strictus, sat laxe multiflorus, 4-ld cm. 
longus ; bracteae ovatae, lanceolatae vel subulatae, 4-12 mm. longae ; 
pedicelli arcuato-ascendentes, 4-12 mm. longi, minute hispiduh. Calyx 
5-partitus, 7-9 mm. longus, saepe minute hispidulus, impresso-punctatus ; 
lobi imbricati, ovato-lanceolati, acuminati. Coro lla atropurpurea vel 
lilacino-violacea, extra pilis brevissimis glandulosis albis dense conspersa, 
intus pallidiora ; tubus infundibuliformis, 2-3 cm. longus, basin versus 
annulo fovearum 5 profunde constrictus ; limbus leviter 2dabiatus, 4- 
lobatus ; lobi plus minusve patentes, late ovati vel rotundati, ad 1 cm. 
longi et 1-2 cm. lati, postico emarginato excepto integernmi. btamvna 4, 
2 postica tubo inclusa, 2 antica sub lobo postico conniventia, filamentorum 
basi squama lata instructa; antberae per paria cohaerentes, loculis diver- 
gentibus apice confluentibus. Ovarium ovoideum, 4 mm. longuni, glabrum, 
basi disco pallide luteo incrassato cinctum; stylus corollae tubo paulo 
brevior, apice 2-lamellatus. Capsula subglobosa ad 10 vel 12 mm. . d^i. 
-A. sesamoides, Benth. Scroph. Ind. p. 39 et in DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 408 
Wight, Ic. t. 1410 ; Hook. f. Flor. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 274 Skan in Dyer 
Flor Trop Afr. vol. iv. sect. 2, p. 327. A. longifiorum, Wettst in Engl. 
& PmnS Pflan.enfam. vol. iv. 3 B p. 79 Columnea longifoUaUnn 
Mant. p. 90. Scsamum javanicum, Burm. f. Fl. Ind ^. p. 133. Achimenes 
lanJ*es,V*hl. Symb.Bot. vol, ii p. 71. Dtceros longifohus^evsjy^ 
vol. ii. p. 164. Bahelia longifolia, O. Kuntze, Bev. Gen. vol. n. p. 458.— 
S. A. Skan. 

The small genus Artanema, comprising only three or 
four species, is closely allied to Torenia, differing chiefly 
in having a deeply divided calyx with imbricate lobes 
and a rather large flattened appendage at the base of 
the filaments of the two anterior stamens, while in 
Torenia the obliquely 3-5-toothed or 2-lipped calyx is 
tubular and is plicate or winged, and the appendage at 

November, 1916. 

the base of the filaments is a bristle-like tooth. It was 
established by D. Don in 1834 on a plant raised in the 
Edinburgh Botanic Garden from seeds received in 1830 
from Mr. Charles Fraser, who collected them on the 
banks of the River Brisbane at Moreton Bay, Queens- 
land. This plant was first described by Graham in 1831 
as Torenia fnnbriata, and later in the same year was 
figured at plate 3104 of this Magazine under the name of 
T. scabra, Graham. It is probable that this species 
(Artanema jimbriatum, Don) is not now in cultivation. 
A* longifolium is widely distributed in India, occurring in 
the Deccan Peninsula from the Concan southwards ; it 
is also met with in Lower Burma, Ceylon, Sumatra, 
Java, Borneo and the Philippine Islands. In West 
Tropical Africa it ranges from the Geld Coast to the 
Cameroons, extending to the Upper Congo, while the 
variety amplexicaule, Skan, with amplexicaul or semi- 
amplexicaul leaves, is known from British East Africa. 
Seeds of the plant figured were sent to Kew from Nigeria 
in 1914 by Mr. S. W. Dunn of the Audit Office, Calabar. 
Flowers were produced in a warm house in July, 1915, 
and again during the summer of 1916. In cultivation it 
ripens seeds freely. Collectors describe the colour of 
the flowers as lilac-violet or dark purple, while Barter, 
referring to a specimen collected by him in Southern 
Nigeria, stated that it had deep crimson flowers. This 
specimen is in the Kew Herbarium and appears to be 
identical with A. longifolium. The colour of the flowers 
cannot now be determined. According to Miller the 
vernacular name of the plant in Lagos is Sokoyokoto 
and its leaves are used as a vegetable by the natives. 

Description.— Herb, perennial, erect, sparingly bran- 
ched, 1-3 ft. high. Stem acutely 4-angled, widely 2-sul- 
cate, angles slightly scabrid. Leaves opposite, petioled 
or the uppermost nearly sessile, oblong-lanceolate or 
wide lanceolate, acute or acuminate, base narrowed, 
margin more or less serrate, often faintly scabrid above, 
2-5 in. long, |-1| in. wide; petiole up to J in. long. 
Raceme terminal, strict, rather laxly many-flowered, l£- 
5 in. long ; bracts ovate, lanceolate or subulate, ^-\ in. 
long; pedicels curved-ascending, ■£— £ in. long, finely 

hispidulous. Calyx 5-partite, about J in. long, often 
finely hispidulous, punctate ; lobes imbricate, ovate- 
lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla dark purple or lilac- 
violet, densely beset outside with white short glandular 
hairs, paler within ; tube funnel-shaped, f-l£ in. long, 
near the base narrowed by a ring of 5 pits ; limb slightly 
2-lipped, 4-lobed ; lobes somewhat spreading, wide-ovate 
or rounded, over ^ in. long, ^ in. wide, the upper emar- 
ginate, the others entire. Stamens 4, the 2 posterior 
included, the 2 anterior connivent under the upper 
corolla-lobe; filaments with a broad basal scale ; anthers 
cohering in pairs, their cells divergent and confluent at 
the tip. Ovary ovoid, J in. long, glabrous, surrounded 
at the base by a pale yellow thickened disk ; style rather 
shorter than the corolla-tube, 2-lamellate at the top. 
Capsule subglobose, nearly \ in. in diameter. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil; 2, base of corolla, laid open; 3 and 4, anthers; 
5, ovary and disk ; 6, transverse section of ovary :— all enlarged. 




L Reeve & C ° London. 

Tab. 8688. 
rosa cerasocarp.4. 


Eosaceae. Tribe Roseae. 
Rosa, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 

Rosa (§ Synstylae) cerasocarpa, Bolfe in Kew Bulletin, 1915, p. 89 ; a 
B. longicuspidi, Bert., foliolis paucioribus et majoribus, sepalis angu'sti- 
oribus, et fructibus minoribus differt. 

Frutex scandena vel subscandens, alta. Band glauci vel subglauci, aculeia 
validis recurvis basi late dilatatis sparse annati. Folia 12-18 cm. longa, 
5-foliolata vel rarissiine 3-foliolata, rbachis.breviter glandulosa et sparse 
aculeata ; foliola breviter petiolulata, ovata vel elliptico-ovata, acuminata, 
argute serrata, glabra vel subglabra, subcoriacea, 5-10 cm. longa, 2-5-5 cm! 
lata, subtus glaucescentia, venis prominentibus ; stipulae adnatae, angus- 
tissimae, apice liberae, divergentes et acuminatae, marginious sparse 
glandulosis. Flores 2 5-3 cm. diametro, in cymas terminales coryinbi- 
formes 8-15 cm. diametro multifloras dispositi ; pedicelli 2-4 cm. lon<*i, 
crebre glandulosi. Beceptaculum anguste obovoideum, 4 mm. longum] 
villosum et glandulosum. Calycis lobi oblongo-lanceolati, acuminata vel 
caudato-acuminati, pubescentes et glandulosi, interdum pinnatisecti, 7-8 
mm. longi, reflexi. Petala cuneato-obcordata, alba, circiter, 1 ■ 2 cm. longa. 
Filamenta glabra, 7-8 mm. longa. Carpella copiose villosa ; styli in 
columnam connati, 6 mm. longi. Fructus globosus, saturate ruber, circiter 
1 cm. longus, calycis lobis et stylis deciduis.— R. A. Rolfe. 

The Rose here figured is a member of the Synstylae t 
and is one of the group whereof the well-known Rosa 
moschata, Herm., figured at t. 7241 of this work, is the 
type. The material for our plate was supplied by 
Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, The Ferns, Witcombe, who 
informs us that his plant was obtained originally from 
China through the late Sir Thomas Hanbury, La Mortola. 
The flowering branch figured was received in June, the 
fruiting spray in November, 1914. The plant has thriven 
well under the conditions suitable for E. moschata, and 
when in full blossom is singularly pleasing. Like other 
members of the group to which It. moschata belongs, 
the present species, described by Mr. Rolfe as E. ceraso- 
carpa, from the plant here figured, is difficult to delimit. 
When the original account was prepared Rolfe identified 
as belonging to his new species a specimen in fruit 

Decembek, 1916. 

collected by Mr. A. Henry at Ichang in Central China 
(Henry n. 2952) and with some hesitation referred to it 
a second specimen obtained by the same traveller in 
North Patung (Henry n. 7007). The latter, however, has 
a rather more ellipsoid fruit, and Render and Wilson 
have recently referred it to R. Rubus, Lev. and Vaniot, 
a species previously known only from the original speci- 
men, collected at Kouy-tcheou by the Abbe Martin, 
which, according to its authors, has the styles free. At 
the same time Render and Wilson (PL Wils. vol. ii. 
p. 312) have treated R. cerasocarpa itself as a form of 
R. Gentiliana, Lev. and Vaniot, a species met with at 
Kiang-seu by the Abbe d'Argy. But the Rose now 
described differs from the original specimen of R. Genti- 
liana, figured by Miss Willmott in her monograph of the 
genus Rosa ; in our plant the leaflets are longer, more 
acuminate, and of a firmer texture; the stipules are 
narrower and less fimbriate; the pedicels are more 
densely glandular. 

Description.— Shrub, tall and scandent or subscan- 
dent ; branches more or less glaucous, sparingly beset with 
stout, recurved, wide-based prickles. Leaves 5-7 in. long, 
5-foliolate or occasionally only 3-foliolate ; rachis shortly 
glandular and sparingly prickly; leaflets shortly petio- 
lulate, ovate or elliptic -ovate, acuminate, sharply serrate, 
glabrous or nearly so, subcoriaceous, 2-4 in. long, 1-2 in. 
wide, glaucescent beneath, prominently veined ; stipules 
adnate, very narrow, free divergent and acuminate 
above, their margins sparingly glandular. Flowers 1-1| 
in. wide, in terminal corymbiform many-flowered cymes 
3-6 in. across; pedicels f-li in. long, closely glandular. 
Receptacle narrow-obovoid, $ in. long, villous and glan- 
dular. Calyx-lobes oblong-lanceolate, acuminate or cau- 
date-acuminate, pubescent and glandular, at times 
pmnatisect, about J in. long, reflexed. Petals white, 
cuneate-obcordate, about | in. long. Filaments glabrous, 
about i in. long. Carpels very villous ; styles united in 
a column, { in. long. Fruit globose, deep red, over J in. 
long ; calyx-lobes and styles deciduous. 

Fig. 1 vertical section of a flower, the petals removed ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 
4, carpels; 5, a fruit; 6, an achine :—all enlarged. 


M. S.del. J.N ntch. hth 

Pay&SoaL% a imp. 

L-Reeve&C? London. 

Tab. 8689. 
HUNTLEYA citkina. 


Orchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 

Hoktleya, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. sub t. 1991. Zygopetalum §Huntleya, Bcnth. 
et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 543. 

Huntleya citrina, Bolfe ; ab H. apiculata, Eolfe (Batemannia apiculata, 
Beichb. /.) flonbus citrinis nee albis, et labelli dentibus valde incurvis differt. 

Herba epiphytica. Folia numerosa, disticba, suberecta, oblanceolato-oblonga 
acuta, 15-22 cm. longa, 2-2-8 cm. lata, plicata, pallide viridia, basi 
attenuata et conduplicata. Flores axillares, solitarii, citrini, labelli crista 
sanguinea. Bracteae lanceolatae, acutae, in axillis foliorum inclusae. 
Pedicelli circiter 5 cm. longi. Sepala patentia, ovata, acuta, circiter 2 cm.' 
longa. Petala elliptico-ovata, acuta, sepalis subaequalibus. Labellum 
breviter unguiculatum, 1*5 cm. longum, trilobum ; lobus intermedius late 
ovatus, apiculatus, circiter 1-5 cm. latus ; lobi laterales auriculati, sub- 
erecti, breves, marginibus in dentibus subulatis valde incurvis extensis 
antice cum crista denticulata continuis. Columna incurva, circiter 0' 5 cm. 
longa, alis auriculatis. Pollinia 4, pyriformia, glandula pandurato-oblonga 
amxa. — B. A. Bolfe. 

The attractive Orchid here figured has a somewhat 
obscure, history. It formed part of the collection of the 
late Sir Trevor Lawrence at Burford, Dorking, and was 
one of the species which the late Lady Lawrence pre- 
sented to Kew in 1914. In the Burford collection it was 
grown as a Chondrorhyncha, though there was no evidence 
as to whence the plant had come or by whom this name 
had been suggested. At Kew it has thriven well in a 
tropical house under the conditions suitable for species 
of Zygopetalum, and in July, 1915, it produced the flowers 
which enabled our figure to be prepared. In the orchid 
collection of the late Consul F. C. Lehmann, Mr. Rolfe 
has found two drawings of the species here represented. 
Neither has been named, but one of them bears a refer- 
ence by Lehmann to an unnumbered and unnamed speci- 
men, and this specimen is in turn accompanied by a cross 
reference to the unnumbered drawing. The Lehmann 
herbarium contains two other specimens of the same 
species, one referred to the genus Huntleya, the other to 
Batemannia. Thus all three Lehmann specimens, as well 

December, 1916. 

as the Lehmann drawing, belong to the species grown 
at Burford as a Chondrorhyncha. The plant, for which 
hitherto no specific name has been proposed, belongs 
to the genus Huntleya of Lindley. This genus Reichen- 
bach included in the genus Batemannia of Lindley, a 
view which Bentham was unable to accept, though he 
preferred to treat Huntleya as a section of Zygopetalum, 
Hook., rather than as a genus apart. The more ample 
material now available has led to the abandonment of 
Bentham's treatment, and Huntleya is now generally 
regarded as a valid and distinct genus. One species, 
H. Burtii, Rolfe, has already been figured at t. 6003 
under the name Batemannia Burtii, Endr. & Reichb. f. 
The facts regarding II. citrina, the species here described, 
which have been adduced in this note, at least suggest 
the possibility that Sir Trevor Lawrence may have 

rf^^j fr ° m Lehmann - A number of interesting 
Orchids did find their way to the Burford collection from 
Mr. Lehmann, among them the remarkable Trevoria 
ChUris, Lehm., figured at t. 7805 of this Magazine and 
the equally striking Siewkingia Beichenbachiana, Rolfe, 
figured at t. 7576. 

Description.— Herb, epiphytic. Leaves numerous, dis- 
tichous suberect, oblanceolate-oblong, acute, 6-11 in. 
long, *-!* in. wide, plicate, pale green, narrowed to the 
conduplicate base. Flowers axillary, solitary, pale yellow 
except for the blood-red crest of the lip; bracts lanceo- 
late, acute, enveloped by the leaf-base ; pedicels about 
z in. long, bepah spreading, ovate, acute, about § in. 
long Petals elliptic-ovate, acute, about as long as the 
sepals. Lip shortly clawed, fin. long, 3-lobed; mid- 
lobe wide-ovate, apiculate, about f in. wide ; lateral lobes 
auriculate, suberect, short, the margins, prolonged into 
subulate much incurved teeth, continuous in front with 
the denticulate crest. Column incurved, about \ in. 
long, its wings auriculate. Pollima 4, pyriform, adnate 
to a pandurate-oblong gland. 

front S w!th ll ?>i A!?l Se °i f !f p » showin g the incurved marginal teeth continuous in 
^-aiulu^r^ ° reSt5 3 ' COlUmn; 4 ' «**»•«*: 5, pollmia and 



.1 N FiU."M,.Qi 

VincsnLBrooia.Dajr&SanLt- imp 


Tab. 8600. 

SANGUISORBA obtusa, var. amoena. 


Bosaceae. Tribe Poterikae. 

Sanguisorba, Linn. ; Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 624, sub Poterium ; 
Focke in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenfam. vol. iii. pars 3, p. 44. 

Sanguisorba obtusa, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Petereh. vol. xix. (1874), p. 160, 
var. amoena, Jesson; a planta typica statura robustiore, glabritie, spicia 
petiolulisque longioribus, foliolis subtus admodum glaucis differt. 

Herba perennis, caulescens. Caulis usque ad 12 dm. altus, 7 mm. diametro, 
erectus, laxe ramosus vel simplex. Folia radicalia longe petiolata, 
12-48 cm. longa, 5-16-foliolata ; foliola obtuso-ovata vel elliptica, basi 
obtusa vel subeordata, 3 ■ 5-6 cm. longa, 2-5 cm. lata, supra pallide viridia, 
subtus admodum glauca, margine obtuse vel acute serrata, rhachis ad 
nodos parcissime pubescens; petiololi tenues, usque ad 2 - 5 .cm. longi. 
Spica centrifuga, cylindrica, 5-9 cm. longa, rhachis tomentoso-pubescens ; 
bracteae lanceolatae vel subspatulatae, apice acumiuatae, 3 mm. longae, 
ciliatae, pilis albidis instructae ; bracteolae 2, lineares, 2 mm. longae, pilis 
eis bractearum similibus. Flores sessiles, roseo-purpurei. Sepala 4, 
persistentia, orbiculata, 3 mm. longa, apice calloso-mucronata, 3-nervia, 
extra inferne pubescentia vel vetustiora fere glabra. Reccptaculi tubus 
pubescens, quadrangularis. Discus inconspicuus. Stamina plerumque 6, 
calyce triplo vel quadruplo longiora, filamentis planis medio dilatatis, 
apice subito attenuatis e basi saepe plus minusve connatis. Antherae vix 
1 mm. longae, roseae. Stylus calycem superans. Stigmata finibriata. 
Achaenium coriaceum, 2 mm. longum ; tubo calycis indurato, 4-gono.— 
E. M. Jesson. 

The hardy perennial Sanguisorba here figured is a 
native of Japan which was first introduced into this 
country by Messrs. Barr and Sons, in whose nursery it 
flowered in August, 1910. Plants received from Messrs. 
Barr early in 1913 flowered at Kew for the first time in 
the summer of that year. It forms a plant of bushy 
habit, three to four feet high, and produces flowers 
freely throughout the summer months. So far no good 
seeds have been produced, but the plant is readily 
increased by division and grows freely in any position, in 
good soil. Typical S. obtusa has been found as a wild 
plant on Mt. Hayachine and elsewhere at elevations of 
from 5000 to 7500 feet feet above sea-level in the island 
of Nippon, and a variety, S. obtusa, var aUriJlora, has been 
described from Mt. Kurikoma, Rikuchu. The variety 

December, 1916. 

here described is very closely allied to a form described 
by Professor Makino as S. hakusanensis, from Shirouma 
in the province of Shinano, which is probably also a 
variety of S. obtusa. Makino adverts to the close rela- 
tionship which his plant bears to S. obtusa, but separates 
it specifically on account of the difference in the number 
of its stamens —nine to ten, and the colour of its 
anthers. A specimen in the British Museum, collected 
by Mr. H. Takeda, seems to indicate that the number of 
stamens is not a satisfactory character, and it has been 
pointed out by Velenovsky that in the genus Sanguisorba 
as a whole the number of stamens is variable; in late 
developed spikes, for example, reduction to even two 
stamens may occur. In the plant figured the filaments 
are often united, sometimes nearly to the apex. 

Description.—-//^, perennial; stem erect, 3-4 ft. 
high, simple or branched. Leaves: radical long-petioled, 
5-20 in. long, 5-16-foliolate ; leaflets bluntly ovate or 
elliptic, base obtuse or somewhat cordate, 1J-2J in. 
l° n g> |-2 in. wide, pale green above, somewhat glaucous 
beneath, margin bluntly or sharply serrate, rachis 
sparingly pubescent at the attachment of the leaflets ; 
petiolules slender, up to 1 in. long. Spike centrifugal, 
eylindnc, 2-3J in. long; rachis tomentose ; bracts 
lanceolate or subspathulate, acuminate, I in. long, ciliate 
with white hairs; bracteoles 2, linear, T V in. long, 
ciliate like the bracts. Flowers sessile, rose-purple. 
bepals 4, persistent, orbicular, £ in. long, mucronate, the 
tip thickened, 3-nerved, sparingly pubescent outside 
near the base or when old almost glabrous. Receptacle 
with a pubescent, 4-angled tube. Disk inconspicuous. 
btamens usually 6, 3-4 times as long as the calyx ; fila- 
ments flat, widened in the middle, suddenly narrowed at 
the top often more or less connate below. Anthers rose- 
coloured, very short. Stigmas fimbriate. Achene firm, 
^ in long ; persistent calyx-tube hardened, 4-angled. 

Fig. 1 and 2, flowers ; 3, vertical section of the same, with bases of stamens 
and style ; 4, a compound stamen ; 5 and 6, stamens :—all enlarged except 1, 
which is of natural size. 


- JNFitdhlith 

Vtr L c er± Br o dks . D ay & S on L^mip - 

Tab. 8691. 

abies cephalonica. 


Conifeeae. Tribe Abietineae. 

Abies, Juss., ex parte; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant vol. iii. p. 441 ; Eichl. 
in Engl, dfr Prantl, Naturl. Pfianzenfam. vol. ii. pars i. p. 81. 

Abiea eephaloniea, Loud. Arboret. Brit. vol. iv. p. 2325, fig. 2285, 2236 ; 
et Gard. Mag. vol. xiv. (1838), p. 81, fig. 6, 7, et vol. xv. (1839), 
p. 238, fig. 50-52 ; Forbes, Pinet. Woburn. 119, cum ic ; Link in Linnaca, 
vol. xv. p. 530; Carr. Conif. p. 211 et ed. ii. p. 283; Heldr. Nutzpfi. 
Greichenl. p. 13 et Fl. Cephal. p. 67; Henhel & Hochst. Syn. Nadelh. 
pp. 180-183 (incl. vars. a, parnassica et 0, arcadica) ; C. Koch, Dendr. 
vol. ii. pars ii. p. 225 ; Spreitzenh. in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wi>.-n, 
vol. xxvii. (1877), p. 730 ; Mast, in Gard. Chron. 1884, vol. xxii. p. 592 
cum ic, et in Journ. R. Hort. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 190; Boiss. Fl. Or. vol. v. 
p. 702; Beissn., Nadeholzh. p. 488, et ed. ii. p. 130; Mouillef., Trait. 
Arbr. et Arbriss. vol. ii. p. 1250, t. xxvi. (ter) ; Veitch, Man. Conif. 
p. 498 ; Haldcsy, Fl. Graec. vol. iii. p. 450 ; Elwes dt Henry, Trees of Great 
Brit, d Irel. vol. iv. p. 739, tab. 214; Clinton-Baker, III. Conif. vol. ii. 
p. 9 cum tab. 2 ; ab A. pectinata, DC, habitu et imprimis foliis subacutis, 
acutis vel cuspidatis, nunquam emarginatis distincta. 

Arbor ad 30 m. alta, trunco ad 1 m. diametro, cortice griseo-brunneo demum 
in plagas oblongas parvas soluto ; rami longi, horizontales vel superiores 
sursum curvati ; ramuli glabri, primo virescentes, deinde cinerascentes. 
Gemmae ovoideae, obtusiusculae, ad 5 mm. longae, resinosae, perulis 
ovatis acutis ad ramulorum bases diu persistentibus. Folia per 7-9 annos 
persistentia, linearia, plerumque breviter acuta, rarius obtusa vel subacuta 
vel cuspidato-pungentia, 15-25 mm. longa, raro longiora recta, vel magia 
minusve curvata, crasse coriacea, supra saturate viridia, nervo medio 
leviter impresso, infra lineis duobus latis albis inter costam et margines 
depressis notata. Strobili masculi eylindrici, obtusi, 12-15 mm. longi, 
saturate vineo-purpurei. Strobili feminei solitarii vel 2-8-ni, eylindrici, 
circiter 5-7 cm. longi, 1-5-2 cm. crassi. Carpella sub antbesi spathulata, 
ad latera et in vertice denticulata, cuspide longiusculo reflexo vel versus 
strobilorum apices rigide patulo 3-5 mm. longo imposito. Squamae 
ovuliferae sub antbesi carpella cuspide dempto aequantes, ex ungue brevi 
lato valde dilatatae, latiores quam longae, ad margines laterales denti- 
culatae, in vertice tenuiter rufo-velutinae. Coni eylindrici, obtusi vel 
apice conico-attenuati, 12-17 cm. longi, 3 5-5 cm. crassi, brunnescentes, 
interdurn purpureo leviter suffusi ; squamae maturae circiter 15-20 mm. 
longae, ad 25 mm. vel paulo ultra latae, forma paulo mutatae, quam 
carpella baud aucta cuspide dempto paulo longiores. Semina oblonga 
cum ala late oblonga truncata aequilonga circiter 15 mm. longa, purpureo- 
fuscescentia. — A. luscombeana, Hort. ex Loud. Arb. Brit. 1. c. A. Apollinis, 
Link in Linnaea, vol. xv. (1841), p. 528 ; Antoine, Conif. p. 73 ; Heldr. 1. c. ; 
Unger, Eeise Grieehenl. pp. 90, 91, 121 ; K. Koch, 1. c. p. 223 ; Boiss. 1. c. ; 
Halacsy in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 1888, p. 762. A. pdopoimcsiaca, 
Koch in Yvochenschr. f. Gartn. & Pfianzenk. vol. i. Gartennaehr. p. 12 
(nomen). A. rcginae Amaliae, Heldr. in Kegel, Gartenrl. 1860, p. 313, et 
December, 1916. 

1861, p. 286 et Nutzpfl. Griechenl. p. 13; Seemann in Garcl. Chron,, 1861, 
p. 755 ; Fraas, Fl. Class, p. 262. A. pectinata, var. graeca, Fraas, 1. c. 
A. panachaica, Heldr. in Regel Gartenfl. 1861, p. 286 et Nutzpfl. Griechenl. 
1. c. Pinus Abies, Dallaporta, Prosp. , p. 124, non L. P. Abies, var. Apollinis, 
Endl. Conif. p. 98. P. Abies, cephalonica, Pari, in DC. Prodr. vol. xVi. 
pars ii. p. 422. P. cephalonica, Antoine, Conif. p. 71, tab. 27, fig. 1 ; 
Endl. 1. c. ; Unger, Reise Griechenl. p. 121. P. Picea,- Sibth. & Sra. Fl. 
Graec. vol. ii. p. 247 ; Chaub. & Spach., Exp. Scient. de Moree. p. 274 ; 
Fl. Pelop. p. 64, non L. Picea cephalonica, Loud. Arboret. Brit. p. 1039, 
fig. 1940-1946 ; Knight, Syn. Conif. p. 38 ; Gord. Pinet. p. 146 ; Murray 
in Proc. R. Hort. Soc. vol. iii. p. 141 ; Laws. Pinet. Brit. vol. ii. p. P75 
cum ic. P. huhunaria, Wenderoth, Pfl. Bot. Gart. p. 11. P. Apollinis, 
P. panachaica et P. reginae Amaliae, Murr. I.e. — O. Stapf. 

The Abies which forms the subject of our illustration 
was first described as A. cephalonica in 1838 from 
specimens raised in England from seed sent home in 
1824 by General Charles Napier, then Governor of 
Cephalonia. Loudon, the author of the species, at the 
time believed that it is confined to Cephalonia. It so 
happens that in the same year (1838) H. F. Link, then 
Director of the Botanic Garden at Berlin, collected on 
Mount Parnassos specimens of a Silver Fir which at first 
he considered identical with the tree from Cephalonia. 
But when he subsequently saw the figure of A. cephalonica 
given by Forbes in the Hortus Woburnensis and the 
actual specimen of the tree in the park at Woburn, Link 
formed the conclusion that the Mount Parnassos tree 
was different from A. cephalonica, and in 1841 described 
his plant as A. Apollinis. In 1847 Endlicher accepted 
the Silver Fir from Cephalonia as a distinct species, 
Pinus cephalonica, Endl., but treated the Mount Parnassos 
one as a form of the common Silver Fir, Pinus Abies 
Apollinis. The discovery in 1856 of a forest of Silver Fir 
in the heart of the Peloponnesos by J. Schmidt, then 
Director of the Athens Botanic Garden, and in 1860 by 
Heldreitch of another Silver Fir forest on Mount 
Voidhias, the Panachaicon of the ancients, in Achaia, led 
to the publication of descriptions of two more species of 
Abies from Greece, A. reginae Amaliae, Heldr., and A. 
panachaica, Heldr., though of these the former had in 
1858 been referred to by Koch as A. peloponnesiaci. In 
1851 Wenderoth, when placing the Cephalonian tree 
in the genus Picea, described it as P. huhunaria, from the 
local vernacular name. Since 1860 Silver Firs have been 

observed in many localities in Greece, Thessaly and 

Macedonia, and the synonymy cited by Dr. btapf 

reflects well the confusing diversity of opinion which has 

prevailed as to their relative status, the extreme views 

varying from that of Heldreich, who has considered that 

four distinct species are involved, and that of Parlatore, 

who has not only treated all of them as forms of one 

tree, but has regarded the Greek Silver Fir as merely a 

variety of the common Silver Fir of Central Europe. It 

is clear that with the practical cultivator the view of 

Parlatore can find no support; the differences between 

any form of the Greek Silver Fir and A. pectinate joe 

such as to induce the conclusion that they cannot be 

specifically the same as the Silver Fir of our coUections 

But the view of Heldreich has been found as difficult to 

accept Practically all authors who have diseased the 

sublet whether as the result of study of herbarium 

matrfal, W of examples in ^™«^%£$% 
natural forest association, either look on the G-reek Silver 
F^asone rather plastic and unstable species or believe 
themselves able to distinguish two definite torms. 
Among authors who take the latter view there is, how- 
ever! difference of opinion as to whether these two 
Grtek Silver Firs be distinct species or only varieties of 
one moreover, those authors who recognise two are by 
no meTns unanimous as to the areas to be ass.gned to 
^r Unaer who was the first to deal with the problem, 
had made ^acquaintance of Napier's original tree in 
r^halonia and of the Mount Parnassos form, A. Affix*: 
fn Fuboea' hTwas satisfied that the two are but local 
modSo'ns of the same species. Boissier, on the other 
hand recognised two species, A. ^«fom«r, confined to 

from Aehaia to Central Arcadia f^gJggS* 
Silver Fir he treated as a sligut variety, y 


an area extending from Thessaly and Epirus to Euboea, 
and thence to Attica and those parts of the Peloponnesos 
east of Achaia and east and south of Arcadia. In 
Attica, therefore, the areas of Halacsy's two varieties 
overlap, and from his descriptions we gather that the 
diagnosis of the two is equally uncertain. From 
true A. cephalonica, which has ' acuminate mucronate- 
pungent ' leaves, he separates var. Apollinis with leaves 
more or less * acute,' adding, however, that he can find 
no other difference in the living tree, and that among trees 
of the Mount Parnassos variety he finds intermediates 
approaching the Cephalonian type ; some of the specimens 
cited under the variety may, he states, perhaps belong 
rather to the type. The case for the fusion of the two 
forms, we now know, is even stronger than Halacsy has 
indicated, for leaves of cone-bearing branches of the 
Silver Fir from Cephalonia itself are more often * acute ' 
than * acuminate and pungent ' ; on the other hand, 
juvenile states of the Mount Parnassos tree have leaves 
quite as pungent as those which were originally observed 
in the young Cephalonian specimens from which the 
figures of Loudon and Forbes were drawn. The con- 
clusion arrived at by Unger seems therefore to be fully 
justified ; in the Greek Silver Fir we have to deal with 
but one somewhat unstable species within which we 
cannot, so far as existing knowledge goes, distinguish 
with safety even local races. As cultivated in this 
country, A. cephalonica is one of the most thriving of 
Virs ; an example at Barton, in Suffolk, has attained a 
height of 100 feet. It likes a deep loamy moist soil 
and is perfectly hardy. It may be raised from either 
imported or home-ripened seeds. From other Silver 
Firs grown in England it is readily distinguished by its 
radially in place or more or less pectinately arranged 
leaves which have acute or eharply pointed tips. The 
tree from which the material for our plate was derived 
is in the collection of Mr. L. N. Baxendale, Greenham 
Lodge, Newbury. 

Description. — Tree up to 100 ft. in height; trunk 
3-4 ft. in diameter ; bark grey -brown, afterwards break- 
ing into small oblong flakes; branches long, horizontal 

or the topmost upcurved ; twigs glabrous, at first 
greenish, at length grey. Buds ovoid, rather blunt, 
A in. long, resinous ; scales ovate, acute, long persisting 
at the bases of the twigs. Leaves persisting for 7-9 years, 
linear, usually shortly acute, rarely obtuse or subacute, 
or cuspidate-pungent, |-1 in. long, rarely longer, straight, 
or more or less curved, thickly coriaceous, dark green 
above with a slightly sunk midrib, beneath with two 
broad sunk white lines between the midrib and the 
edges. Male cones cylindric, blunt, *-f in. long, deep 
vinous-purple. Female cones solitary or 2-3 together, 
cylindric, 2-3 in. long, f-* in. thick. Carpels m flower 
spathulate, denticulate at the sides and tip with a 
rather marked reflexed or, especially towards the top of 
the cone, stiffly reflexed cusp. Omdiferous scales m 
flower as long as the carpels excluding their cusp, much 
widened from a short broad claw, broader than long, 
with denticulate edges, thinly rusty velvety at he top. 
Cones when ripe cylindric, blunt or conical, 5-6 5 m. long, 
li-2 in thick? brown at times flushed with purple >; ripe 
scales 4-4 in. long, about 1 in. across, somewhat altered 
niha/e/and rather longer than the carpela ^xcl^of 
their cusp. Seeds oblong, tawny V^>"f\£ ^ 
oblong truncate wing as long as the body of the seed, 
about I in. long, the wing included. 

Fig, land 2, leaves; 3, carpel and ovuliferous scale; 4, ovuliferous scale 
■with seeds ; 5, seed :— all enlarged.