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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."



CUETIS'S 



.:**'. 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 





ILLTISTUATIKG AND DESCRIBING 



13lant.^ of ti)t i^oval Botanic ^artrrng of mfU). 

AND OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS; 



EDITED BY 



SIE DAVID PRAIN, C.M.a, CLE., LL.D., F.R.S., 

DIEECTOE, EOYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



VOL. X. 

or THE FOUETH SEEIES 

{Or Vol. CXL. of the Whole Work.) 



f 



/■ 




Jav^*? 



" Xo flower in field that dainty odour throws 
And decks his branch with blossoms over all 
But there was planted or grew natural." 

Spenser, 



LONDON : 
L. REEVE & CO., LTD.. 

PublisJiers to the Hotne, Colonial, and Indian Governments, 

6, HEX rj ETTA STEEET, COYENT GAEDEN", 

191-1 

lAll rights reserved.'] 



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HAERY BOLUS PROFESSOR OF BOTANY, clPE TOWN 



AND 



DIRECTOR OP THE NATIONAL BOTANIC GARDEN 



OP SOUTH AFRICA, 



AS SUCCESSFUL IN HIS LEADERSHIP 



OF BOTANICAL EXPEDITIONS 



AS HE HAS BEEN GENEROUS 



IN DISTRIBUTING THEIR FRUITS, 



THIS VOLUME OF THE 



Botanical Magazine 



IS cordially dedicated. 



J^ew, December 1, JVJ4. 



;fourtl^ ^ttiti. 




iX 



No. 109. 



VOL. X.— JANUARY 



Monthly^ price 35, 6i, coloured^ 2s, 6d. plain. 

Annual Subscription, 42s. 



OE No. 1523 ^^ '^^^ ENTIIE WORK 



CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 

r 

CONTAINING HAND-COIiOURED FIGUBES WITH DESCRIPTION^ STBUCTUBAL AND HISTORICAL, 



OP NEW AND RARE 



PLANTS FROM THE ROYAL BOTAIIC GARDENS, KEW 

4 

AND OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLBHMENTS. 



BDITED BY 



SIR DAVID PRAIN, CM-G., CIK, LL.D., F.R.S., 




^M^V 



V^ V 



•• No flower in fleld that dainty od-r throws 
And decks his branch with bloss^s over all 
But there was planted or grew niiral. ' 



LONDON: 

L. EEEVE & CO. Ltd., 



OVEfiNMEXTS 



RIETT 



1914, 

[All rights resercfi 
{Entered at the New York Post Office second-class matter 



POTAMOGETONS of the BRITISH ISLANDS 

By ALFRED FRYER, A.L.S. Continued by A, H. EVANS 

and A. BENNETT, A-L.S. 

SECTION IV. of this ^ork— interrupted by the d:'^ of Alfred 
Fryer — has been ecitod by A, H. Evaas, and is now roadv, 12 

hand-coloured platei 



Ditto, with plain elates ... 



• •• ••• ••• ••• *■■■ «•« 

*•* «•• *>• *** 



JU It. 

I9a. 

SECTIONS I -III. each with 12 coloured plates jU U. 

Ditto, with 12 pkun plates 



• •• » > > » « • 



SECTION V. in the prets. 



iSt 



I 



The Complbted Wobk will bs issued shortly. 



HEPATIC^ OF THE BRITISH ISLES. 

By W. H. PEARSON. 

Complete in Two Vols, irith 228 plat^, 10 in. Vy 6f in. Giviriij 1^ >np 
tions, Short Notes^ Geogxj^hical Distribution, Glossary Table of Liit^nuure 

and good ind . 

Wth Coloured Plates, XjS 6». 
Witi Jncoloured Platea. £A IOa 



LEPIDOPTERA INDICA. 

•J 

A Descriptive Accoumof the Leptdoptera of the Indlmi Penimuia. 

By F. MORE and Col C. SWINHOE 



11 in. by 8J in. 



Plates 



Uvi r 



V«. I.-X., each Jt» 5«, 
The comiete set of ten volumes, Jt85 



LEPIDOITERA of CEYLON. 



By F. MOORE. 

tunes, with a Coloured Plates 



X.2I I2» 



CORAL AH) ATOLLS (Re-Issue) 



WOD 



A history and description of .e Keeling-Coco, Ul^nds. .ith an account of 
their fauna and flora, and ^iscuHsion of the method of devdopn ,f „.,i 
transformation of coral stru*jrA« in ira««,.«t -r>-^ir__ , ... ^ . 



Profu?'^^- iUnst-ratel with 



appendix, and index, 8* x 6. I5t. 



I. REEVE & CO., Lti. I Henrietta Street, CoTent Garden WX 



8532 




If.S.del-J-N.Pitiiilith 



LTteeve5cC'!*LQndcm. 



"\fiji.ceatBrooteJD^&SorLLt^iir5> 



Tab. 8532. 



ERYTHRINA pcilcherrima. 



South America f 



Leguminosae. Tribe Phaseoleae. 



531 



Eryth 



ser. iv. vol. xx. p. 307, et in Hurt. Bot Panorm. t. xi.; ab E. Crisfa-gaJJi, 

Linn., cui affinis, foliolis plus mmusve ellipticis vel oblongis apice Lreviter 
obtui^e acununatis facile distiuguenda. 

r 

Arhor parva. liamuH teretes, glabri, virides, interdum rubro-brnnneolineolati, 
lenticellis parum conspicuis hie illic instructi, aculeis spaisis. FoMa 
pinnatim tnfoliolata, petiolo 5 '5-11 cm. longo basi mcrassato terete vel 
superne canaliculato viridi aculeis validiusculis hie ilbc instructo suflfnlta. 
i'^oZio/cA lateralia oblongo-ovata vel oblongo-elliplica, pariun inaeqiiilatera, 
apice breviter obtuse acuniiuata, basi late cuneata vel cuneato-rotundata, 
6-9-5 cm, ]onga,3'4-5'5cm. lata,pagina utraque glabra, subtns palhdiora, 
costa snbtus basin versus aculeo solitario saepe instructa, terminalia a 
lateralibus 2 -7-3 '5 cm. distantia, ex elliptica ad fere obovata, apice 
breviter obtuse acuminata, basi rotundfita vel late cuneato-rotundata, 
7-11 cm. longa, 4 -5-7 '3 ciiu lata, pagina utraque glabra, inferiore aculeis 
0-2 costa basin versus instructa; nervi latcrales utrinsecus 7-8, snpra 
conspicui, subtus prominuIi,ncrvulis uti reticulatione conspicuis; petioluli 
0-5-1 cm. longi, subglabri, supra leviter canaliculati ; stipellae parvae, 
erectae. Jnflorescentia axillaris, triflora ; perlicelli '2 ■ 7 cm. longi, subglabri; 
bracteae bracteolaeque fugaces. Ualycis carnosiusculi tiibus 11 mm. 
diametro et longiis, lobi breves, marcescentes. Corollae vexillum elliptico- 
obovatum, basi cuneatum, 5'2 cm. longum, 3*4: cm. latum; alac 2*1 cm. 
longae, medio 2'5 mm. latae; carina 4*4 cm. longa, medio 8*5 mm, lala. 
Antherae circiter 2 mm. longae. Ovarium, albo-arachnoideura. stipiti 

subacquilongum, circiter 2 cm. loiigum, stylo breviusculo.— W. G. Cbaib. 



Tliis beautiful Erytlirina, like several other similar species 
which have from time to time been iptroduced into Italian 
gardens, and have tlience found their way into northern 
European collections, has an obscure history. Its original 
habitat was unknown to Professor Todaro when he first 
described it, nor has the doubt been yet cleared up, though 
it is probable that it is a native of Argentina and perhaps 

•ovinces of that state- The nearest ally of 



of the northern provinces of that state. 

E, pulcherrima is E. Cristi-galli.lAim.,^ native of Bra; 

figured at t. 216 L of this work, but our plant can be read 






di.<tinguished from the older species by ihe ditferent shape 
of its leaflets. The material for our illustration has been 

Januauy, 1914. 



provided by a plant which has long been under cultivation in 
the Palm House at Kew, where it flowered for the first time 
in 1910. The Kew nlant. which was 



obtained, by pnrcl: 

Continent, is about thirty feet in heiglit, and jnd; 

behaviour here its cultural requirements are trop 



It does not flower nt all freely at Kew, and in 



it IS m 



d will 



1 



th 



other 



respect 



Erythrhm in the 



borescent species of 



Description.— rm up to 30 ft. high ; branches terete, 

green, sometimes streaked with reddish-brown, here and 
there rather conspicuously lenticelled, sparingly prickly. 
Zrampinnately 3-foliolate, petiole 2^-4^ in. loner, thickened 

d there cylindric, upwardii channelled, green, 

stoutish prickles ; lateral leaflets 



sparingly beset witl 

oblong-ovate or ob]one;-elliptic, somewhat unequal-sided 



rounded, 1\ 
sides, rathe 
with a singL 
remote from t 
acuminate, b 

ii-2f in., gl 



obtusely acuminate, base wide-cuneate or somewh 



paler bei 



g, \\-1\ in. wide, glal 



botl 



1 



drib 



derneath oft 




ded 



both 



base; terminal leaflet l-l|in. 

obovate, sjiortly obtusely 

long, 



or subacute, 23- ji 



m. 



d 



prickles on the midrib beneath near the b 



but with usuallv 1-2 



nerves 7-8 on each 
raised beneath, 
conspicuous ; pet 



de 



lateral 



picu 



dary venation 



above, somewhat 



d fi 



1 

3 



reticulation 



1 



glab 



lobes 



lie upper side; stipelsn 

3-flowered ; pedicels o 
bracts and bracteoles fug; 

' ' )g 



ly glabrous, slightly 



1 



Infu 



what fleshy ; tube neai'Iy 



C 



g 




X som e- 



at the base, over 2 in. Ion 
I in. long, ^-Q in. u-ide in 



Standard 



d almost as wide 



g, 1-^ in. wid 



1 



tl 



le 



in. wi 



in the 



ddle 



Wing-petals 



Keel 



Ovary white-arachnoid 
in. long ; style j athei 



ddle. Anthers about 



1 

I 2" 



4> 




1 



in. long 



a large glabrous btipe, about 



J^^l t^^i^Ji:::!^^^ ■' '' ^-^-P^^-^ -^ «---ul sheath ; i and 5. 



S533 




K.S.ael.J."R.Fi+^litk 



%. 



i^ro oUi-.f'D y V & 3 cuxl 



J . 






X.;^eevfi.^ O^T. 



r^'T-i 



Tab. 8533. 



GALTONIA PRiNCKPS 



South Africa. 



LiLiACBAE. Tribe Scilleak. 

?: BentL et HooJc,/, Gen. Plan 



Galtonia princeps, Decne in Flore des SerreSy vol. xxiii. (1880) p. 33 ; Bakfii^ in 
Dyer, FL Cap. vol, vi. p. 451; species G. ca/ififica>/^/, Decne, affinia, 

per^aiithii feginentis tubo brevioribus et staminibus prope basin. tubi 
periauthii affixis differ fc. 

Herha. Bulbus globosus, tunicatus. Folia 4-6, angns^e lanceolata, acuminata, 
. basi vaginantia, 4 dm. longa, 4 cm. lata, marginibus minutissine puberulis 
exceptis glabra. Scapes foliis longior, teres, glaber; pdicelli erecto- 
patentes, 3 cm, longi, fructiferi erecti, ad 7 cm. longi ; bractcae ovafae, 
acuminatae, merabranaceae, 3 cm. longae. 8 mm. latae; flores nutintes, 
distante^, PGrianthii tubus oblon2:us, 12 mm. longus, 9 mm. diaraetro, 
extra viridis; lobi subpatentes. ovati, obtnsi, 2 cm, longi, 1 cm. lati, 
candidi. ^S^amina paullo supra basin perianthii inserta; fliamenta e basi 
dilatata subulata, 15 mm. longa; antherae oblongne.obtmae, basi profnnde 
cordatae, 6 mm. longae. Umrium oblongum, 7 mm. longiira, viride; 
stylus cylindricus, 10 mm. longus; stigma minute thlohnm.—Hyacinthus 

pri7iceps. Baker in Saund. Eef. Bjt. 1. 175, et in Journ. Linn, Soc. vol. xi. 
p, 426.-0. H, Weight, 



' The genus Galtonia was established hy Professor Decaisne 
in 188U to accommodate two species which Mr. Baker had 
ah'eady described and referred to Ilyacinthus, Linn., as 
//. candicans and H. princeps ; it is the second of these 
which forms the subject of our ilhistration. Decaisne 
proposed his new genus because the two species in question 
have more numerous seeds than any true IlyacintJms^ 
because these seeds are angular and not turgid, and because 



scape in a Galtonia is much h 



o 



in a Hyachithus. The view expressed by Decaisne was 
fully accepted by Baker who subsequently described a third 
species which differs from the others in having perianth- 
segments only half the length of the tube. That ^species, 
G. clavata^ Baker, has been figured at t- 6885 of this work. 
The species now figured, G. princeps^ has long been in 
cultivation at Kevv, where it flowers every year under the 
cultural conditions which are suitable for the more popular 
and better known G. candicans. The home of G. princeps 

JANUARy, 1914. 



Is the Eastern Eeglon of South Africa, where on tlie Bazcia 
mountain and near Pietermantzbiir<2^ it attains altitudes of 
nearly 3,000 feet above sea-level. The original description 
was based upon a plant which flowered at Kew in 1870 ; 
since then it has been met with in various localities between 
the Transkei and Zululand. The specimen which supplied 
the material for our figure is one which was collected iu 
Tembuland by Canon G. E, Mason, Principal of St. Bede's 
College at Umtata, and by his sister, .Mi:,6 M. II. Mason, 
and was given by them to the Cambridge Botanic Garden, 
where it has flowered as freely as the species does at Kew. 
The most nearly allied species," the well-known G. ccmdicans, 
occurs m Natal, the Orange River Colony and Allwal 
North ; It IS readily distinguished from our plant by iho 
characters already enumerated, and by ite larger racemes 
witii more numerous flowers. 



I)F:scKiPTioN.-//,r^; bulb globose, tunicate. Le. 

4-b narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, sluatliiiMr at the b 



■y 



I3 ft. long lA in. wide, glabrous exctT)t fur the 
minutely puberulous mar-ins. Scape longer th... ... .... > .., 

cylmdric, glabrous; pedicels somewliat spreadin.^, U i". 
long, when m fruit erect, up to 3 in. long; braSs ovate, 
acuminate, membranous, li in. long, ^ in. wide; flowers 
nodding rather remote. Pe.r.a.zM subcampanulifbrm ; tube 
oblong i m. loiig,over J in. wide, green outside: lobes 



whitish. Stamens inserted 



d 



hn«r i'l ^^"'"'^"\^"ferTea some way above the perianth 

ong , anthers oblong, obtuse, deep-cordate at the basJ, | 
long. Ot'ary oblonor, over i in. Im.a- ^v.„« ' J 



g, over J in. long, green; sty 



iylindric, I in. long ; stigma miSutc, 3-lobed 



and 2, anthers ; 3, stknia -.-aU 



8534. 




M-S.ad.J.l^.TTiaXUtK. 





X"Rece <3p C9 L.oT\a.oTL 




A(5nnentBrooksp ay 5cSojvLl5*iix^ 



Tab. 8534. 



CARPINUS JAPONiCA. 

Central and Southern Japan 



CuPUiiiFERAE. Tribe Cohyleae. 
Cabpinl'S, Linn. ; Bmtlu et Ilook.f, Oen, Plant. voL iii. p. 405 



Carpinus (§ Distegocarpus) japonica, Blume in Mas, Bot Lugd.-Bat. vol. L 
p. 308; Elwefi & Henry in Trees tf GL Brit. ar^d^Irel p. 528; species^ 
C. cordatae, Blume, quam masime affiuis sed foliis nimoribus loboque- 

bracleie basali duplo minore apte distinguenda. 

Arhor decidua, sylvestris 15-metraHs, caudice 4 dm. diaraetro, coma patente^ 
cortice squanioso sulcatoqiie; ramuli hornotini pubescentes. Folia OYato- 
lanceolata vel ovato-oblonga, acuta vel acuniinaiaj basi inaequflateraliter 
cordata, margine serrata vel nonnunquam dentibus minoribus interjectis^ 
5-12 cm. loLga, 2-4-5 cm. lata; nervi paralleli, utriusecus 16-24, subtus 
elevati, supra impressi ; supra viriiiia secns costam pubescentia ceterumi 
glabra, subtiis pallidiora secus costara et in axillis nervorum pilosa; 
petiolus 6-12 mm. longus; stipulae paleaceae, lineares, 8-12 mm, longae^ 
ciliatae. Flores nionoici; niasculi in amenta gracilia pendula pube- 
scentia 5 cm, longa, feminei in amenta breviora terminalia aggregati; 
bracteac maris angu^te ovatae, pilosae, singnlae stamina numerosa sub- 
tdndeates, feminei valde imbricatae, ovatae, grosse dentatae, basi indapli- 
catae, accresceutes demum membranuceae, 2*5 cm, longae. Filamenta 
perbrevia; antherae purpurasceutes, apice setulosae. Ovarium oblongum ; 
Bt}ii 2, erecto-patentes. Nucula lobulo bracteae involuta ; lobulus bracteao 
basitantum adnatus, 4 mm. longns. — Distegocarpus Carjnnus, Sieb. et Zucc, 

in FL Jap. Nat. Fam. vol. ii, p. 103, Carpinus CarpihiiH, Sargent in Gard. 
& For. vol. vi. p. 364; C. K. Schneider in Handb. der Laubholz, vol. L 
p. 137.— W. J. Bean* 



The handsome Hornheam now figured is interesting as 
belonging to a well marked section of the genus Carpinus 
which some authors have separated under the name 
Distegocarpus. The distinctive characters that separate 
Distegocarpus from Eu-carpinus^ which inchides all the true 
Hornbeams, are the more numerous parallel nerves, the 
closely imbricated fruiting bracts and the existence of a lobe 
or infolded base to each bract wliich completely covers the 
nutlet. The only other species in the section Distegocarpus 
is C. cordata^ Blume, which is well distinguished by its 
larger and broader leaves with fifteen to twenty pairs of veins^ 
and by the basal lobe of the bract being twice as large as 
in C. japonica^ and being attached by its side as well as by 
its base. C. japonica appears to have first been introduced 

Jaxuauy, 1914. 



to Great Britain by the late Mr. Charles Maries in 1879, 
but most, if not all the examples now in cultivation came in 
1895. In that year Kew received plants from the Arnold 
Arboretum and from a nursery at Tokyo. It was from a 
tree of Professor Sargent's sending, now IG ft. high, that our 

figure was prepared, the fruit-clusters in June, 1912, the 
flowers in 1913. The tree is perfectly hardy, thriving well 
in stiff loam. In shape very graceful, for the spreading 
branches are pendulous at the ends, this is one of the most 
striking of Hornbeams in its many-ribbed leaves, and is an 
admirable tree for small gardens. 



Desc 



with a I 

girth; bark scaly and 



Tree, in Japan making a height of 50 ft 



preadirig head of branch 



d a trunk 5 ft. in 



season. L 



ovate-lanceolate 



ed ; branchlets hairy the first 



acuminate, subcordate and unc'iual at 



often doul 



2 



4i 



in. 



long, 




13. 



oblong, acute to 
base, unequally 



m. 



d 



d 



dull green and pubescent only on the midrib above, beneath 



li 



ther paler, haii 
bs parallel, in 16 
apressed above 



the 



drib and in the nerve-axil 



s 



near, 



1 

3 



1 

2 



pain 
petiole J-^ 



very prominent bene 



in. 



1 



g 



pul 



ffy 



Catkins slend 



m. long, ciliate. Flowers moDoecious. Male 



peiid 



P 



2 ID. 



lone: 



bi 



short filarae 



Fi 



hairy, subtending numerous stamens with 
anthers purplish, hairy at the apex. 



Catkins sborter than 



m male, terminal ; b 



the 



mbricated, enlarging and becoming memb 



in 



base infold 



iting stag 



ovary 



coarsely toothed, 1 in. long, the 

tyles 2, suberect. Nutl 



oblong ; 



covered by a lobe of the bract, ^ in. long, which is attached 
to tlie bract by its base only. 



fi IS' I'^IL f'^'^l^'^^^t ^^'"1""' ^' ^" ^"^^er: *> a female catkin; 

wifni y,?L?i I' V K^^'f iT*'^/'. ^^ ^ ^^"^^'^ fl<^^^"^^; 7, base of feuuile biact 
with Its basal lobe; 8, basal lobe of female bract with nutlet -.-all enlaryed. 



8535 




K.S-del . J.K.PitdK litK. 



^LcentBroolw.Ber/'A.SQJ^ LtffiT^p 



L.R£.evgScCUonioa 



Tab. 8535. 



PRIMULA PURDOMIT. 



West Kansu. 



Pkimulackae. Tribe Pbimttleae. 

w 

m.\ Berdh. et Book, f. Gen. Plant. ' 



Primula Purdomii, Veitrh ex Gard. Mag. vol. Ivi. p 201 (icon Bine 'Icsfr.) 
Gard. Chron. 1913, vol. liii. p. 192 (an-Iice); ibid. 1913 vol. hu. p. 200 
(icrm.) ; species P. uioali, Pall., peraffinis, ?ed corollae lobis magis rotun- 
datis apice integris, stigmate giaudi recedit. , . t, • 

EerU subacaulis. FvKa oblanceolata, lanccolata vel oblonpo-oblancoolata basi 
in petiilnm alatutn attennata vel interdum petiolo vjs alato ad fere d cm. 
longo snffiilta, apice obtusa vel acutiuscula, ad 11 cm. longa et 2-2 cm 
lata albo-farinosa, neivis vix conspicais, margine revoluto subintegra yel 
denticnlata. Scapus 12 cm. hm^us, supernc praeeipue snmmo apice 
farinosus, nmbellam circiter 8-floram gertiiis; bracteae involucrales v.x 
1cm. longae: pcdicelli pleriimque decnrvi, ad 6 mm. longi albo-lannosi. 
Caliix 1 cm. longus; lobi oblongo-lanceolati, acutiusculi, tubo subaeqiu- 
loiiRi 2-2-5 mm. lati. Corollae tubus calicem 3 mm. superans4-5 mm. 
diametro; limbas patens, 2-3 cm. diametro, lobis ellipticis vel obovato- 
ellipticis apice rotundatis 8 mm. latis supra pilis paucis brevibus glan- 
duloso-capitatis instructis. Autherae'l mm. loiigae, fere sessilcs. Ovarium 
3 mm. altum, 2-5 mm. diarrctro, stylo 5 mm. longo, stigmate 1 mm. longo. 
Cap^vJa exserta, ambitu oblonga, circiter IS cm. longa, straminea, plun- 
sulcata; semina parva, tuberculata.— \V. G. Craib. 



The Primula whicli forms tlie subject, of our illustration 
one which was raised by Messrs. J. Yeitch & Sons from 
eds collected on their behalf by Mr. W. Purdora, at Tao 



ow in Western K 



of 



10-11,000 feet above the level of the sea. In consequence 
of the' not inconsiderable number of Primulas at present 
finding their way into cultivation for the first time, the task 
of the formal descriptive botanist is not a very simple one. 
In that task he has of late been accorded the assistance ot 
cultural authorities who now call for the use of a name for 
purposes of citation in connection with the issue ot certain 
horticultural certificates. Instead of diminishing, this 
practice rather increases the difficnlty of the descriptive 
botanist even when, as in the present instance, the naked- 
ness of a particular name is partially concealed by the 
reproduction of photographs and the provision of a briet 
vernacular descriptive account by horticultural journals. 

JANrARTj 1914. 



That P. Purdomii^ the plant in question, is a very pleasing 
addition to our garden Primulas is undoubted, but whether 
it is one which deserves recognition as a species apart from 
the rather variable North Temperate P. nivalis^ Pall., figured 
at t. llGl of this work, depends very largely upon the 
value as a distinctive character of the relatively much 

na met witli in P. Purdomii. In any case there 
doubt that the latter is merely the geoo-raphical repre- 
sentative in Kansu of its Siberian and North American 
congener. Our plate has been prepared from a 
presented to the Kew collection by Messrs. Yeitch which 
was ^rown in a cold frame and flowered freely, but failed 

so that the fj*uit and seed shown in our illus- 



v.. -1..^ 




ed 



tration Lad to be added from material kindly supplied by 

tliat firm. Like most members of the " Nivalis " group of 

Primulas, P. Purdomii died after flowering. It is a plant 

of vigorous growth and robust habit which prefers a loamy 
soil. 



Description.— J/<?r5, acaulescent. Leaves oblanceolate, 

lanceolate or oblong-oblauceolate, narrowed at the base into 
a winged or wingless petiole orer 1 in. long, obtuse or 
somewhat acute, up to 4| in. long, nearly 1 in. wide, white- 
mealy, nerves hardly visible, margin revolute, entire or 
dentienlate. Scape nearly 5 in. long, mealy towards the 

g an 8-flowered umbel; involucral bracts about 



\ in. long; pedicels usually decurved, up to I m. long 
white-mealy. Calyx f in. long; lobes oblo 



wid 



so:uewhat acute, about as long as the tube, tV-td in- 
Corolla lavender, becoming at length rosy -lilac ; tube rather 
larger than the calyx, | in. wide ; limb spreading, nearly 
1 m. across, lobes elliptic or obovate-elliptic. rounded, ^ in. 

re. Anthers 



few short gland-tipped hairs abo 
subsessile. Ovary 4- in. lonff, - 



id 



Style I in long; stigma ^^ in. long. Capmle exserted, 
oblono, about | m. long, straw-coloured, grooved ; seeds 



sm 



Fig 1, calyx and pistil ; 2 corolla, cut vertically ; 3. pistil ; 4 and 5. fruit ; 

6, SCods:-a?; tnlaryed except 4, which is of natural Jzi , ^ 'ica o, iruii , 



S536 




U. S . del . J-. K. Vitch lith . 



-L Reeve 6c C? London. 



'VSncantBrnr,'' ,Dc^<Sc3anLt4iiap 



Tab. 8536. 



LONICERA DEFLEXICALTX. 



China and Tibet. 



Capbifoliaceae. Tribe Lonioereae. 

LONICEKA, Linn. ; BentTi. et Boole, f. Gen, Plant, vol. ii. p. 5; Beliderin Missouri 
£ot. Gard. Beport, 1903, p. 27. 



icera deflexicalyx, Batalin in Act. Bort. Petrop. vol. xii. p. 173 ; Wolf in 
Garfenfl. vol. xUi. p. 332 ; Behder, 1.0. p. 142 ; affinis L. oyalis, Batalin, sed 



mi 



guitur. 



Frutex ; ramiili patentes, graciles, glanduloso-puberuli. Folia lanceolata vel 
oblongo-laTiceolata, basi rotundata vel subcordata, .ap]ce acnmmata, mu- 
cronata, 4-7 era. longa, 15-2 -3 cm. lata, integra, tenuiter cbartacea, supra 
parce pilosa, infra praepertira ad nervos pilosa; nervi laterales utrinsecus 
9-10, augiilo 45° a costa abcuntes, leviter arcuati, supra immersi, infra 
prominentes ; petioli 2 5-4 mm. longi, pubescentes. Fedunculi oxiWa-KS, 
solitarii, biflori, flore 2-3-pIo breviores, glandixloso-puberuli ; bracteae 
lineares, subobtusae, 2-3 mm. longae, fere glabrae; bracteolao ovario 
duplo breviores vel subaequilongae, basi connatae, truncatae vel obscure 
dentatae, ciliatae. Beceptacula inter se libera, 2 mm. alta, glabra. Calyx 
fere ad basin fissus, segmentis membranaceis 2-3-d6ntatis parce pilosis. 
Corolla flava; tubus circiter 0-5 cm. longus, intra longe extra breviter 
pilosus et inferne glandulosus ; labium inferum integrum, oblongum, apice 
rotundatum, tubo longius, superum 4-lobum, lobis ovatis apIce rotundatig 
3-4 mm. longis. Stamina exserta; filamenta circiter 0'5 cm. longa, basi 
pilosa ; antherae 4-5 mm. longae, pallide virides. Stylus stamimbus sub- 
aequilongus, pilosus, stigmate bilobo. Baccae (ex Batalin) lutco-auran- 
tiacao, globosae, polyspermae ; semina compreesa, elliptica.— J. IlDTCHiNSoir. 



The Honeysuclde here figured belongs to a small group 
of species which is separated from the other members of 
Lonicera, subsection Ochranthae, Zabel, as amended by 
Rehder, chiefly by the form of the calyx which is usually 
more or less truncate. It is a species which occurs in 
Yunnan, Szechuan and Eastern Tibet, and is most nearly 
allied to L. ovalis, Batalin, which in turn is hardly by its 
description distinguishable from L. trichosantha, Bur. & 
branch., a native of the same region. L. dcfiexicahjx, 
however, is readily distinguished by its narrower leaves. 
The plant from which the material for onr figure has been 
derived was purchased when quite small from Mr, Spath of 
Berlin in 1908, and is now a bush 7 ft. in height and 15 it, 

Januaet, 1914. 



iawMt^^ 



across, with gracefully arching branches. L. dejicxkalyx 
is undoubtedly one of the most ornamental of the bush 
Honeysuckles in this country, where, owing to the prevalence 
of late spring frosts, many members of this group of shrubs 
are as a rule more or less injured ; sometimes their crop of 
flowers is entirely destroyed. Owing to^ its being later 
than the others of this group in breaking into growth, 
L. deflexicalyx usually escapes. The flowers, which are a 
rich yellow and are very plentiful, are all on the upperside 
of the twigs and show to great advantage. Like other 
species of the genus this one prefers a good loamy soil, 
abundant moisture and full sunshine. This species is easily 
increased by late summer cuttings. 

Description". — Shrub \ twigs spreading, slender, glan- 
dular-puberulous. Leaves lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate, mucronate. rounded or subcordate at the base. 







1^-3 in. long, f-1 in. wide, entire, thinly papery, sparin 
pilose above, pilose more particularly on the nerves beneath ; 
lateral nerves 9-10 on each side of the midrib with which 
they make angles of 45°, slightly arched, sunk above and 
raised beneath ; petiole 1-1^ in. long, pubescent. Peduncles 

solitary, 2-flowered, much shorter than the flowers, 



in. 



idular-puberulous ; bracts linear, somewhat obtuse 
long, nearly glabrous; bracteol 




long as the ovary, usually considerably shorter, connate at 
the base, truncate or obscurely toothed, ciliate. Receptacles 
not^ united to each other, -j'^ in. long, glabrous. Calyx 
divided nearly to the base, segments membranous, 2-3- 
toothed, sparingly pilose. Corolla yellow ; tube about J in. 
long, pilose with long hairs within, shortly pilose outside 
and glandular near the base; lower lip entire, oblong, 
rounded at the tip, longer than the tube; upper lip 4-lobed, 
lobes ovate, rounded at the tip, |-J- in. long. Stamens 
exserted; filaments about \ in. long, hairy at the base; 
anthers J-^ in. long, pale j^reen. Style nearly as long as 
the stamens, pilose ; stigma 2-lobed. Berries orange-yellow, 
globose, many-seeded ; seeds compressed, elliptic. 



Fig 1, a pair of flmvers ; % calyx and receptacle; 3, corolla, laid open; 
4 ami 5, anthers; 6, ttyle and stigma;— aZ/ e«?o>-»/eci. 



^ouvtlj Stnti. 




o 



. 110. 



i^ 



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M-adelJ-K-rit-chlilK 



VincentHrocks D sy &. .j ori T?*ruv4) 



X-iJS-e«v^ aLC^LorulciTL 



Tab. 8537. 



AMPELOPSIS MEGALOPllYLLA. 



Clihui 



4 
I 



Ampklidackae. 



.^ k 



Ampeloppis, Michx; Planch, in Dff.Moiwgr. vol. v, p. 453; Gifi/ in Engh & 
rrantJ^ Nat, FJlamenfam. vol. iii, pars 5, p. 4i9. 



.' 




ma^is conspicuis cliflFert. 



Frutex Fcandens, glaber, cirrhifer cirrlii« oppositifoliis ramosis.^ Foh'a super"oi-a 
fiimplioiter piniiata, inferiora bipiimata vel subtripinnata; petiolus 
rhachisqne purpurei; foliola pins miniisve petiol ilata, lenninale lorgo 
petiolulatuu), ovata vel lauceolata, usfue ad 13 cm. longa, 7 cm. kta, a* i e 
acnie acnminata, basi in'ae<inilateralia marj^ine iiiferiore rotim(lato, infirna 



basi subcordaia, grose sonata, supra viridia subtiis glauca, axilli; 
nervorum venularumque majurnm minute pilosis. Cymae opposititblne, 
multiflorae; rhachis minute pilosa. Fhren virides. Ct/yx amplu^?, 
membranaceus, lobis rotundatis, PeMa patula, trianpulariK)vata, acuta, 
margjnibns papillosisj. SUuwina oppositipetala ; antherae cordatae, apico 
leviter retnsae. Discm iiitrastatninaliSj e'evatus, quinquelobatus lobis 
staminibus altiTnantibus. Ovarium biloculare ; ovula pro locnlo '2, erefta ; 
stylus conspcuus, a|)ice truncatns, siigmate terrauiaM concavo. JJacoie 
primum rubro-purpurene, demuui nigre^ct^n^es a I 1 cm. dianietro.— Ft7/« 
weyaphylht, Hort. ex Card. Cliroti. 1103. vol. xxxiv. p. IbO; J. H. Veifch in 
Journ. Eoy. Hort;iSoc. vol. xxviii. pp. 60, 395, fl. IG, 97.— T. A. iSpragub. 



The handsome Vine here figured was first cultivafed in 
the garden of Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin at Les Barres, wheie 
it was raised from seed received by him from China in 1894, 
and where it flowered three years later. From Les Barres 
it was sent to Kew in 1907 under the name A. cantoniensis, 
Planch., a name which belongs, however, to another species 
which is not hardy in England. A. megalophylla is a native 
of Hupeh and Szechuan, and according to Dr. Sclineider it 
also extends to Shensi. In 1901 it was introduced to 
European gardens a second time by Mr. E. H. Wilson on 
behalf of Messrs. Veitch & Sons. In some respects this 
is the most remarkable of all hardy vines, for though there 
are other species with pinnate and bipinnate leaves, recalling 
those of the genus Leea, there are none whose leaves are so 

Febkuabv, 1914. 



^ 

large as in A megalophylla. The leaves of greatest 
dimensions so far produced have approached three feet 
in length, and growths eight to ten feet long have been 
made during a sino-le summer In the south of En^rland It 
succeeds well on a wall, l)ut if grown in the open ground 
it needs a well-sheltered position in a sunny spot with a 
good loamy soil. The material for our figure we owe to 
the courtesy of Mr. L, Harcourt, in whose garden atNunehani 
it thrives exceptionally well. 



Description". — Shru\ climbing by means of glab 



leaf-opposed, branching tendrils. Leaves compound, the 
upper simply, the lower 2-3-pinnate; petiole and rhachis 
purple; leaflets more or less petiohilate, the terminal 
petiolule elongated, ovate or lanceolate, acutely acuminate, 
base unequal, the lower side rounded the upper cuneate, at 
point of union with the petiolules slightly subcordate, 
margin coarsely toothed, 5 in. long, 2A-3 in. wide, green 



above, glaucous beneath, minutely hairy in the angles of 



the main-nerves and larger veins. Cymes leaf-opposed, 
many-flowered, the rhachis finely pilose. Flowers green. 
Calyx large, membranous, lobes rounded. Petals spreading, 
triangular-ovate, acute, their margins papillose. Stamens 
opposite the petals; anthers cordate, slightly retuse at 
the tip. Disk intrastaminal, raised, 5-lobed ; lobes alter- 
nate with the stamens. Ovary 2-celled ; ovules 2 to each 
cell, erect ; style conspicuous, truncate at the tip ; stigma 
terminal, concave. Fruit at first red-purple, at length 
blackish, about ^ in. across. 



.J}^- \ flowor-bud; 2, the same, petals and stamens removed ; 3. petal 
withiii; 4, stamens; 5 and G, antherd:-a« enlarged. 



8638 



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^'lncettU3I^olm^^cy-ALSo^LLtf^l3lfi 



Tab. 8538. 



4 



ACTIXIDIA cHixENsis. 



I 



TfiUNSTROEMIACKAE. Tribe SAiUAUJEAE. 

r 

AcTiNiDlAj LindL; BeniL et Hook,/, Gen, Plant, vol. i- p. 184. 



Actinidia ohinensis, Planclu in Hook. Load. Journ, Dot vol. vi. p. 303; OUrer 
in Hook, Ic. PL t. 159-3; Dmin in Journ. Lif»n. Soc, Hot. vol. xxxix. p. 408; 

foliis snliorbicularibus vel late ovatis basi corJatis vel rotuudatis subtus 
tomentosis distincta, 

Frutex scandens. Paini jnniores hispidi, seniores p;labrescentes. Folia longi- 
petiolata, dimorplia ; folia rnmulorum sterilinm majuscula, late ovata vel 
elliptica, breviter aciiminnta vel cuspidata; folia raniulorura floriferornm 
snl>orbioularia, apice breviter cuspiJata rbtundata vel retusa, basi plus 
minnsve cordata, 6-12 cm. diametro, venulis productis denticulata, Rupra 
puberula nervis densius induta, subtiis dense molliter pubescentia ncrvis 
pr>minentihus; petioli 3*5-6 cm. loiigi, dense hirsnti. Cj/mae ia axillis 
tolionim delapsoruiii ortae, pauciflorae; pedicelli circiter 1"5 mm. longi, 
hirsuti. Floret nnisexuales, aurautiaci, 4-5 cm. diametro. Florets <^ : 
SepaU ovato-oblonga, extra brunnoo-tomentosa. Petala latissime obovata, 
breviter nnguiculata. Stamina numerosa; filaraenta filiformia; antherae 
Ba^ittutae. Ovarii rudinipntam den^e lanatnm, mulliloculatum loculis 
20-25 miinitis; styli totidem, lineares. Floref^ 2 (alabastra tantnm 
cognita): Sfamiitodia nnmerosa. Ovarium ftub<,dobosum, tomentosum, 
usque ad 30-locuIatura; st.vli in alabastro recurvati. jKaccrte ellipsoideae, 
totneutosae, circiter 4 cm. longae, calyce persistente reflexo* Semiua 
oblougo-ellipsoidea, 2-2*5 mm. longa, reticulato-foveolata.— T. A.Spraguk, 



r 

The genus Actinidia^ to wliich the subject of our ilhistra- 
tion belongs, is one as to the position of which there has 
been some debate. .In tlie Genera Plantarum it was 
referred by Bentham and Hooker to tlie natural family 
Ternst roemiaceae , but in the Naturliclien PJianzenfamilien it 
was transferred by Gilg to the Dilleniaceae. Dunn, who 
has recently monographed the genus Actinidia and re- 
investigated its affinities, has once more included 
Ternstroeniiaceae. re 




g largely in so doing upon its 
.versatile anthers, numerous seeds unprovided with an aril, 
and moderately large embryo. The species of Actinidia 
are said to be polygamous or dioecious; according to 
Schneider A. chinensis is dioecious, and this statement. is 
apparently correct, for the plant figured at t. 1593 of th^ 
Jcones Plantarum bears young flowers which appear to be 
functionally female, whereas the plant which has supplied 

February, 1011. 



for our plate bo.irs fnnct ion ally 
This latter plant was obtained in 1905 from M 



J. Veitch & Sons, and now irrows as a climber in tlie 



Himalayan house, the stems beiri<r some twenty feet ]on<^. 
Under the conditions thus provided it thrives Inxniiantfy 
and makes strong yearly shoots some six feet in length. 
These shoots are cut back to spurs on which flowers subse- 
quently develop in May. There being but one phml in the 
collection it h:is not yet been possible to test its hardiness. 
The leaves are larger and more decorative than in any 
other cultivated Actinidia. According to Wilson, bv whom 
]t was introduced on behalf of Messrs. Veitch, A. cJiinensis 
hears an edible fruit with green, subacid, palatable pulp, in 
llavour resembling the gooseberry. The fruits vary both 
In size and in hairinosw 



Dfscrtptiox.— ^7irwJ, climbing; young twigs hispid 
adult twigs glabrescent. Leaves long-petioled, dimorphic 
those ot the sterile twigs rather large, wide ovate oi 



ptic, shortly acuminate or cuspidate ; those of the fl 
twjgs siiborbic-ilar, shortly cuspidate and rounded or ret 
more or less cordate at the base, 21-5 in. lono- 




hnely toothed, each tooth with an excurrent veinlet ; 

uberulous above, especially on the nerves; softly pubescent 

ueneath with raised nerves; petiole 1^-2^ in. long, densely 

hirsute. Cymes springing from the axils of fallen leaves, 

few-fiowered ; pedicels about -2. in. long, hirsute. Flowers 

1-sexual orange-yellow, l|-2 in. wide. Male : Sepals ovate- 

oUong, brown-tomentose externally. Petals very wide 

obovate shortly clawed. Sfamens very numerous; fila- 

nients hlitorm; anthers sagittate. Rudimentary ovurri 

densely woolly, many-celled, cells 20-2.% minute, styles as 

niany as the cells, linear. Female (only seen in bu 

f^mnodes very rmmerous. Ovary subglobose, toment... 

i.p to 30-celIed; styles recurved in bud. . Fruit ellipsoid 

Wntose, about IJ in. long, persistent calvx reflexed 

Seeds oblong-elhpsoid, ^\,-^^^ in. long, foveolate-reticulate. 




0\HY^ :— all enlarged. 



anthers 




8S39 



^ .'^ 




rs 
















MT.S.a^ia.ir.PitcKIrtK 



"VinccTii.Broo'UsDay-Si r.onTi»4iinf 



XPftevG AGC-LonxlnTL 



1 



• Tab. 8539. 



SMILACINA PANICULATA. 



Guatemala and Southern Mexico. 



1 

LiLiACEAE. Tribe Polygokateak. 

SmilacinAj Des/.] Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant. Tol. iii. p. 770. 



Smilacina paniculata, Marf, et Gal. in Bull. Acad. Brux. vol. ix. p. 2; Kunfh, 

Jivvm. Plant, vol. V. p. 151; Hemsl. in Biol. Centr.-Amer. vol. iii. p. 358; 

Rl ecies S. thyrsoidcae, Hemsl., affinis, inflore-soentiae riimis brevioribns, 
floril>us paucioribus e pedicellis lougioribus suberectis orientibus distin- 
|;iiitur. 

Ilerha glabra. Caulis erectus, cylindricus, vireFcens. Foh'a ovato-lanceolata, 
loiige acuminata, 13 cm. longa, prope basin 4 era. lata, ima basi constricta; 
nervi jirimarii 5-7, nervulis pluribus tenuibus counexi. Panicula teriDi- 
nalis, racemosim ramosa, 6 cm. longa lataqne, omnino nivea; bracteolae 
minutae, deltoideae ; pedicelli circiter 1 cm. longi; flores 1 cm. diametro. 
Perianthii segmenta elliptica, apice rotundata, patentia. Filamenta aequi- 
Lmga, qnam perianthii segmenta paullo breviora. Ovarium ovoideum ; 
stilus colunmaris, staminibus aeqnilongus; stigma punctiforrae. — Tovaria 
2>aniculata, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc, Bot., vol. xiv. p. 568. — C. H. Wbight. 



• The fjeims Smilacina, which includes some twenty species 
extends from tlie north temperate and subarctic regions c 
Jnpan, Siberia and North America as far south as to Arabi 
in the Old World and Guatemala in the New. One of th 



species, S. bifolia, Desf., is a rnre British plant. Tiiree 
members of tlie genus have already been ligured in this 
work, but all of tliem under different generic names. At 
t. 899 will be found *S. Forshdiana, Sch.ultes f., a native of 
Arabia, under the name Convallaria racemosa, Forsk. ; this 
resembles the subject of our illustration, but diflFers in having 
very short pedicels. At t. ]043, under the name Conval- 
laria stellata, Linn., a figure was given of S. stellata, Desf., 
the Star-flowered Lily of the Yalley, from North America, 
which was introduced into English gardens in 1633. At 
t 6313, under the name Tovaria oleracea, Baker, is given a 
portrait of the Himalayan S. oleracea. Hook. f. & Thoms., a 
species with short hairy pedicels. The generic name which 
was used by Mr. B:iker was proposed by Necker in 1790, 
and is older by seventeen years than the name Smilacina, 
now accepted, which was introduced by Desfuntaines in 

Fkbku.miy, 1911. 



1807, but it Is ill turn antedated by the name Vagnem, 
eiuploved in 1763 by Adanson. The species now figured, 
S. paniculata, which is a native of Guatemala and the 
extieine south of Mexico, is most closely allied to the 
Mexican S. thyrsoidca^ Hemsl., but is readily distinguished 
by the much shorter branches of the inflorescence and the 
comparatively fewer flowers borne on much longer pedicels. 
In aS. thyrsoidea too the pedicels are subpatent, a circum- 
stance which imparts a distinctive facies to the plant. The 
specimen from which the material for our plate has been 
obtained is one introduced and grown by Messrs. Sander 
& Sons, St. Albans, with whom it flowered in March, 
1913. From the snowy whiteness of all parts of the 
inflorescence, which afl"ords a pleasant contrast to the 
green foliage, the species is likely to be a distinct acces- 
sion to collections under glass, but it cannot take a place 
alongside its more hardy congeners, like S. racemosay 
S. stellata, S. trifolla and others wliich are grown at 
Kew in the open border along with tlie common Solomon's 
Seal, Polygonatum multijlorum, AH., a member of a genus 
closely al lied to Smilacina. 

L 

Description. — Herb, glabrous; stem erect, cylindric, 

greenish. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, long acuminate, 5-6 in. 
long, above the base Ij in. wide, at the very base much 
narrowed; main-nerves 5-7, with numerous slender in- 
tervening nervules. Panicle terminal, racemosely branched, 
2| in. long, and as much across; all parts snowy white; 



bracteoles minute, deltoid ; pedicels about I- in. long; fl 



about I in. across. Perianth 



a 




ded 



tip, spreading. Filaments subeqnal, rather shorter than 
perianth-segments. ^ Ovary ovoid ; style columnar, as 



D 



the stamens ; stigma 



; — all 



■ 
'I 



t 



SS'hO 




M.3.del.J.NI^itGhlrtK 



^'^cent'Broo'kSjDay &.SonLt*iiTip 



L Reeve 6c C 9 London. 



Tab, 8540. 



EONDELETIA cokdata. 



Guatemala. 



Edbiaceae- Tribe Coxdamikkeak. 

RoNDELETiA, Linn,] Btntlu et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 4S 



Rondeletia cordata, Benth. PL Hartweg. p. 85; Hemd. Biohg. C^nfr.-Awer. 
vol. i}. p, 18; afflnis i?. amoenae, Hemsl., tbliis parce pilosis vel glal)rei>ceiit- 
ibus, inflorescentiis minopere pubescentibus, calycis lobis minoribus diffeit. 

Frutex 1-2*5 m. altus; rami 2-3-fnrcnti, jtmiores appresse setoso-pilosi. Folia 
ovata vel elIi|)tico-ovata, subacute aciuninata, basi leviter cordata vel 
rotnndata, 6-17 cm. long i. 3-9 cm. lata, Integra, cbartacea.juniora pras- 
sertim ad nerves parce pilosa, demum fere glabra, ciliata; nervii lateralea 
utiinsecus cir.-iter 8, arcuati, utrinque distincti, infra prominciites, 
marj^inem versus niinime conspicui; peti'>li circiter 3 mm. longi, setnloso- 
pnbt*ruli; stipnlae persistent es, mox reflexae, ovato-lanceolatae, obtu<ae 
vel subacutae,l'3-l"7 cm. lon^ae, basiO'7-1 cm. latae, coriaceae, appre^^se 
piibescentes. Cymae tenninafe^ rorymhosae, multiflorae, usque ad 12 cm. 
dianietro; bracteae ovato-lancf^olatae, obtusae vel suba^^utae, ad 1'2 cm. 
lon^ae et 0*5 cm. latae, coriaceae, extra dense appresse pilosae; bracteolae 
parvae. Flores tubis corollae purpureo-rubris limbis roseis. Beceptarulurn 
campannlatnm, 1*6 mm. altum, albo-puberulura. Calyru dent^-s ovati, 
obtnsi, 0-5 mm. longi, extra pnberuli, Corollae tubus cylindricus, circiter 
1 cm. longus, extra setuloso-puberulus, iutus pilosas, fa'xe flavo-villo«o; 
limbnsl-;M-5cm,expansus; lobi 5 vel 6,oblonjri,apicerotundati, 2'5mm. 
longi, 1*75 mm. lati. Anther te fauce vel medio tubi insertae, 2 mm.longae; 
tilamcnta 1*5 mm. longa, glabra. Discus annularis, glaben Stylus quani 
tubus duj)lo brevier vel lonj^ior et exsertns, bilobus, glaber. Cajmila 
subglobosa, leviter biloba, 0*5 cm. d'ametro, setuloso-puberula. Semifta 
mmn\ti.—Iiogie>a cordatf, Planch, in Fl. des Serres, vol. v. feuK t. 442; 
Henfrey in Mnore & Ayres Gard. Mag. Bot. 1851, p. 89, cum ic. P. thyrsijiora, 
Hort. ex Henfrey, I.e.— J. Hutchinson. 



The Eubinceous genus Rondeletia includes some seventy 
species, confined to Tropical America and the West Indies, 
and most numerous in Central America and Colombia. The 
one now figured, a native of Guatemala, is an old garden 
plant, first introduced 



try 



1844, and raised from a seedling which appeared in the 
soil adhering to some imported orchids grown by Mr. J. 
Anderson, of Holme, Regent's Park. It was long known 
in collections as Rogiera cordata, the fact that it is really a 
Rondeletia beinjr obscured because Bentham in h' 



described tlie flowers as tetramerous. The mis- 
uncferstanding was adjusted by Planchon. A-ctually both 
pentamerous and hexamerous flowers occur in the same 

Febrdary, 1014. 



inflorescence, and, as Hemsley has pointed out, they are 
dimorpliic as regards the relative length of the style and 
the position of the stamens; all the flowers of one 
inflorescence have the style exserted and the stamens 
included in the tuhe ; in another inflorescence these con- 
ditions are reversed. The plant from which the material 
for our figure has heen obtained is one which has been grown 
in a border in a greenhouse at Kew. Here it thrives well and 
grows into a shapely bush some six feet high which flowers 
freely every spring. It bears pruning well and the shoots 
root readily if set in a propagating frame in autumn. 

Description.— >S/irw5 4-6 ft. high ; branches 2-3-furcate, 
when young adpressed-setose. Leaves ovate or elliptic-ovate, 
sharply acuminate, base slightly cordate or rounded, 2|-7 in. 
^<^"_&» H"^! ^^- "^ide, entire, papery, when young sparingly 
hairy especially on the nerves, soon nearly glabrous, ciliate ; 
lateral nerves about 8 on each side, arched, distinct above, 
more prominent beneath, towards the margin somewhat 
indistinct; petioles about IJ lin. long, setulose-puberulous ; 
stipules persistent, soon reflexed, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse 
or subacute, -^-| in. long, at the base i-| in. wide, 
coriaceous, adpressed-pubescent. Cymes terminal, corym- 
bose, many-flowered, up to 4J in. wide; bracts ovate- 
obtuse or subacute, up to J in. long and 4- in. 



wide, coriaceous, densely adpressed hairy outside ; bracteol 
ismall. Flowers with reddish-purple corolla-tube and rose- 
coloured corolla-lobes. Receptacle campanulate, und^r a 
line deep, white-puberulous. Calyx with very short ovate- 
obtuse lolaes puberulous outside. Corolla with a cylindric 
tube about -J- in. long, setulose-puberulous outside, pilose 
within; throat yellow-villous; limb ^-| in. across, lobes 
6-6, oblong with rounded tips, over 1 lin. long, under 
1 lin. wide. Anthers attached in the throat or about the 
middle of the corolla-tube, 1 lin. long; filaments under 
1 lin. long, glabrous. _ Dish annular, glabrous. Style half 
as long as the tube in one state or longer than the tube 
and exserted in another, 2-lobed, glabrous. Capsule sub 



globose, slightly 2-lobed 
Seeds minute. 



puberulous 



# - - 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, section of calyx, showing disk ; 3, corolla laid 
open ; 4, hairs from inside of corolla; 5 and G, stamens -.—all enlaraed. 



S541 




■M^-S.aal.J.W.FitciKlith 



t*R.eeveSC9I 



ojiacn 



"^^c e at Bro oks 13 ay Sc So A I/'^^P 



Tab. 8541. 



■VIIOLA- GRACILIS. 

i 

Asia Minor and Balkan Peninsula 






ViOLACBAK. Tribe Violbae, 
; Benth. et IlooJc.f. Gen. Flam 



Viola gracilis, Sihth. et Sm. n. (jraec. rrodr. vol. i. p. i^o ; necKer vntJtuu^uu. 

■ Ceniralbl. vol. xviii. pars 2, p. 369; et I.e. xxvi. pars 2, pp. 330; affinia 

F. ealcaratae, Linn., a qua petalis lateralibus prorsum mclmatis statim 

distinguitur. 

Eerha caulibus suberectis 2-4 cm. altis glabris. Folia alterna, stipulafa* 
longiuscule petiolata, supra leviter concava, iuferiora elliptico-ovata, 
apice rotundata, 1 cm. longa, 5-8 mm. lata, crenata, superiora ovato- 
oblonga vel obloDga, apice obtusa vel vix apiculata, basi in petiolum 
cuneatim angustata, 1-5-2 cm. longa, 5-6 mm. lata; stipulae magnae, 
pinnatifido-laciniatae lobe terminal! magno obtuso lacmiis satis an- 
gustis acTitis. Fedunciili solitarii, ex axjllis supenoribus orti, 7-9 cm. 
longi superne bibracteolati bracteolis hjalinis inferne laceratis. Sepala, 
basi in appendicem producta, in toto circiter 1 cm. longa, duo anteriora 
lanceolata, acuta, trinervia appendice quadrate subtruucato 3 mm. longo. 



appendice triangul; 



posterius 
limbo circiter 3 cm. longo, 
irta. leviter re versa, obov 



petala 



mbo 



petalum inferius brtviter ungnicnlatum, basi calcaratum, late obdeltoideum, 
m basin cristatam cuneatum, 1*4 cm. longum, 1-7 cm. latum, unguo 
circiter 3 mm. longo supra ntrinque villoso, culcare giacile 1 cm. longo. 
Antherae sessilcs, conniveute8,introrsae,coimectivis superne in appendicem 
late ovatum rotundatum merabranaceum aurantiacnm productis, duo 
inferiorum basi in appendicem fiUformem 4 mm. longum intra oalcar 
productis. Ovarivvi ovoideum ; stylus ba-si geiiiculatus, abhinc ad apicem 
Hubplobosum sensim arapliatus; stigma cnpulaie labio antico valde 
papillato.— T. A. Spbague. 



The Violet which forms the subject of our illustration 
one which was originally discovered on Mount Oljnipiis 
Bithynia, but which, as Becker has shown, occurs also 
Macedonia and, according to the same authority, may 



if 



possibly also occur in Montenegro. It was for a Ion 

believed by authorities so competent as Boissier and 



Halacsy to be a native also of Greece, but Becker has gi 
good rensons for tbe treatment of the Greek specimens 
named V. gracilis by Boissier as the basis of a distinct 
variety of the somewhat different species V. heterophylla, 
Bertol. The species now figured, V. gracilis, is a hardy 

Februauy, 1914. 



•^^ 



perennial which may be grown 'in llie ordinary hei-ha- 
ceous border in light rich soil and can be increased bv 
seeds, cuttings or divisions. It also proves a useful 
denizen of a half-shady patch in the Rock Garden, where 
It may be expected to flower freely during the months of 
spring and early summer. The material for our plate was 
obtained from a plant so grown which had been obtained 
for the Kew collection by purchase in 1907, 

Description.— //<?r5, stems suberect, |-11 in. hl-u 

glabrous. Leaves alternate, stipulate, rather fong-'stalked 
shghtly concave above, the basal ones elliptic-ovate, rounded 
at the tip, I in. Jong, -J-^ in. wide, crenate, the upper 
ovate-oblong or oblong, obtuse or barely apiculate at 
the tip, cuneately narrowed into the petiole. 1-^ in lono- 




Tf-^ in. wide; stipules large, pinnatifid-lacin'iate, with . 
large blunt terminal lobe and rather narrow acute seg 
ments._ Pedu?ides solitary in the axils of the upper " 



a-dj m. long, 2-bracteoIate above, braoteoles hyaline 

lacerate below. Serials produced at the base in a spur, m 
all about I in. long, the two anterior lanceolate, acute, 

d-nerved, with a quadrate somewhat truncate appendage 

li lin long the two lateral similar but with a dentale 

appendage, the posterior ovate-lanceolate with a triansrular 
appendage. Corolla violet, limb about U in. lon<r, 1 in 
wide; ijpper petals somewhat obliquely inserted, Sightly 
reversed obovate, under | in. long, f in. wide ; int;rme°diate 
petals obhquely mtnrned, limb cymbiform, over A in. lono-, 
caw I ,n. long with fimbriate crest; lower petal shon^ 
clawed, jppred at the base, broadly obdeltoii, cuneately 
narrowed ,n o the crested base, o4r J in. long, nearly 

Le"' Tnl^r' tV^!^K i ,"'• I°^S. villous upwards on bot{ 
faces, spur slender, | in. long. Anthers sessile, connivent 

"undTd ^^'^"'""^^'-^^P^duced upwards as a ^ide, ova te- 
Xt' T"^™r""' °W"Se-jellow appendage, two of 
the lower being also produced within the spur as a filifon,. 

b^Fe "ttri '"■ l"li ^r^ ?^""''' = ^*^''« genlcuirte at t : 
tin • i; '^? S:''"J™lb- widened upwards to** the subglobose 
t.p, stigma cup-shaped, its anterior lobe strongly papillose. 

stamfn-'6%'uw=i;t".' ^'''''"' *- «'»==™* a-'' Pi^lH ; 5, an anterior 



fourtl) 




me^. 



N 



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KRfiev© &-0*Loi\.don 



Tab. 8542. 



ARISTOLOCIIIA gigantea 



Brazil. 



N 



Aristolocuiaceae. 

Aristolochia, Linn. ; Benth. et Ilook.f. Oen. Plant, vol. ill p. 123. 



AristoloeMa gigantea, Mart., Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. f. p. 75, t. 48; Duchartrc m 
DC, Frodr. vol. xv. pars i. p 474 ; 31. T. Masters in Mart. Flor. Bras. vol. iv. 
pars ii. p. 89 ; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. PJlanzenfam. vol. iii. pars i. p. 265, 

fig. 169 D; species A. cordijlorae, Mutis, affinls, foliis non acuminatis. 



perianthiique fauce omnino lutescente differt. 



gl aber. Folia 



Frufex scandens. Caulis volubihs, lignosus; leviter sulcatiis, 

late ovato-cordata, subacuta, mcinbranacea, glabra, pedatim 3-7-nerYia, 
8-10 cm. longa, 4-9-5 cm. lata; petioli tenues, usque ad 7 cm. longi.; 
Rtipulae reniformes, 2 cm. latae, integrae, glabrae. Flares solitani, magni, 
axillares. Perianthium basi inflatum, 6 cm. longum, viride vel violaceo- 
tinctum; pars media constricta, curvata, 4 cm. vel ultra longa, fauce 
intus lutescens, velutiifa ; limbus ellipticus, profunde cordatus, patens, 
ecaudatus, 22 cm. loiigns, 16 cm. latus, brunneo-purpureus, pallide flavo- 
reticulatns. Columna 12 mm. longa. Stamina 6 ; antherae obtusae, lute- 
Bcentes, lobis basi discretis. Ovarium tortuin, costatum, glabrum; stigma 
6-partitum, laciniis lineari-lanceolatis, subobtusis.— //owarrfw fiiqauUu, 
Klotzsch in Monatsber. Acad. Berl. 1859, p. 610, ref. Bot. Mag. t. 4221 excl. 
C. H. Wbight. 



The Aristolochia wliich forms the suhject of our plate v 
first collected by von Martins in the course of his travels 
the Brazilian provinces of Bahia and Mhjas Geraes betwe 
1817 and 1820, arid was described by its discoverer. 1 



description is accompanied by a figure by Z 



the cream-coloured 



pen 



hich 



1> 



ai-e not shown. The species from P*ernambuco v 
was figured at t. 4221 of this work as A. gigantea is 
quite distinct from the original A. giganteay a.ud was^ 
sequently described as A. grandiflora, var. Ilookeri, by 
Duchartre; it is readily distinguished from our present 
plant by the apex of the perianth limb being long-caudate 
and not obtuse. The plant from which the material for 
our illustration has been derived is one that was presented 
to the collection at Kcw in 1010 by Sir Frank Crisp; at 
the time of its receipt it was believed to be A. dj/peata^ 
Linden & Andre, a closely allied species from New Grenada, 

March, 1914. 



•figured 



at t. 7512 of this work 



A 



sly in tlie Palm House at Ke 



9 



grows 



against 



the roof 



where, trained 
shoots, which spread from a 



dy stem with corky bark, extend to a length of 



more 



In Brazil the flowering season of this species 



March, but at Kew the flowers develop in Aug 



The 



flowers are fragrant. 

in cultivation of which the same 

them have a disagreeable odour. 



This is the only species of Aristolocl 



be said : most of 



Description". — Shruh; stem i\ 
chanuelled. smooth. Leaves wid 



fc> 



woody, somewhat 
cordate, subacute. 



membranous, glabrous, pedately 3-7-nerved, 3 



long 



1 1-3| in. wide ; petioles'slender, up to 2| in. long ; stipules 
form. I in. wide, entire, glabrous. Flowers solitary, 

Perianth inflated at the base, 2h in. long, 



4i 



arv 



green or 



ged 



with violet, middle portion 



curved, Ij in. long, throat yellowish with 

deeply cordate, spreading, without a tail, 9 



6-6 A in. wide, brownish-purple with pale yellow 



tricted, 
' : limb 



o 



tions. Col 




m. 



long 



Stamens 6 



th 



obt 



yellowish, lobes distinct below. Ovari/ contorted, ribbed, 
glabrous ; stigma 6-partite, lobes linear-lanceolate, somewhat 
blunt. 



Fig. 1, stamens: — enlarged. 



'85^1 3 




M. S.del. J J^. FitcWith. 



d_: 



^;5ncen.-bBrcol^Day&SorLLt"^iTnp 



J J ^eev<e c5■'.C'^' Lorcdon 



ft 



f 



Tab. 8543. 



RIBES LAURIFOLTUJL 



West China. 



Saxifeaqaceae. Tribe Kibesieae. 

EiBES, Li7in. ] Benth. et EooJe. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 654 



Ribes laurifolium, Janczew.H in Bull Acad. C^r^'-^'f^'J^/' ?' P^^^^^^^ 
ficr. 6; species i?. Henryi, Franch.. affinis, ^amiU s etmm un on us^ 
foliis magiscoriaceis distincte serrato-crenatis ^ciliatis subtus J^andu os , 
petiolo mnlto longiore, racernis fructigeris baccas ad 7 gerentibus, rliaclu 
pedicellis fructuque tenuiter tomentellis distinguenda. 

Frutex sesquimetraliB xamis crassiusculis ipermibus ^Jf ™ JP^^^J^^^'^v^^^^^^^^ 
1 cm. longae ; peruke scariosae, Jotundatc>ovatae obtusae^^ m^^^^^^ 

Folla breviter petiolata, secundum ramos disposita, ^^"^^^ ^'^^^^^S^ux 
oblonga, basi rotundata, apice acuta, praeter trientem ^e quadramem 
inferiorem serrato-creuata crenis glanduloso-apicula is 6-10 cm.^^^^^^^ 
3-5 cm. lata, coriacea, glaberrima, 3--5-plinerYia oervis lateral bus s^ 
bus paucis valde obliquis; petiolus crassus, 5-15 '^^- ^^^^f%^ZSi 

^;r„nL^ ..t^e.c e.+ic 4.,tor^nTn alandulieeris. Racemx maris penauu 



circiter 1 cm. longo 



graciles. 2-5-4 cm. longi. ad 12-flori, pedunculo ''^'''l^^';^^^^^^ 
suffulti, bracteati ; pedieelli ad 7 mm. longi ; bracteae submembmnace^^^ 
oblongae, acutae. Tirescentes, sparse glanduloso-ciliolatae ad 12 mm^^^^^ 

Flores Tirescentes, 10-12 mm. diametro V^^^^^lJ^f^^^T^^^^^ 
t,atelliforme minute t>ubescens glabri. SepaJa late oblonga vel suDrorun 



patellitorme mmute pubescens g^aori. '^^i^" ": r^" ^ \ans,&. Stamina 

data, obtusa. 4 mm. longa. Petala spathu^ata J ^^^^ rotundatae. 

petala subaequantia; filamenta 1-5 mm._ lo^S*' f^^iT f^Ju penduli, 

Itylus apice Ifidus. Bacen^i ^-^2 ^^pUu^^^^ 

S ff ' ^^^^1 Z^^k^i: ie'dSi 'subV-i 3 mm. long , sub 



suttulti, mdumento mans mauti ; V^'^'^'^'^^^fT"" ^^res Tirescentes, 6-« 
fructu ad 7 mm. longi; bracteae mans, deciduae. /'^,7' ^Jvi'^un, 'hasi 
mm. diametro, praeter r'eceptaculum lageniforme vel ambitu oblo^gi^m 

attenuatum, griseo-tomentellum glabri. , ^«'» f Sa ^^ W?«^ 
formia sed liiSora. Stamina ad corpuscu a mmuta rubra l^^:^ J^^^ 

vix 2 mm.longus ; stigmata 2, brevia, «"}f '^^^^S.^^^^f i^tm d^m^^ 
calyce paulo accrescente coronatus, 15 mm. longub, lu ^ 

teuuissiiue tomentellus, rubescens.— 0. Staff. 

The Rlhes here figured is one whicli has been raised fr-om 
seed collected in 1908 at an altitude of about o 000 it at 



Wa 



....-.,„„ ,. Western Szechuan by Mr. E. H W,kon and 
presented by Professor Sargent of the A mold Arboret in to 
the Eoynl Botanic Gardens of Kew and Gl^>Bnev m a d to 
^r. Vicary Gibbs; the material on which our il'n^t'at.on 
tas been based has come in part from all three sources. At 

March, 1914. 



GlasneviD some of the young plants were put out in the 
open, others were retained in pots, and in 1912 one of the 
latter, a female, flowered for the first time. In 1913 this 
plant flowered again ; so did another female and, later on, a 
male in the open. Fertilisation was now possible, hut from 
the female in the open the flowers dropped just as the ovary 
hegan to swell ; on the pot plant fruit set readily. At Kew, 
where the only plants were in the open, the experience was 
as at Glasnevin, and it is probable that this Ribes will not 
hear regular crops of fruit in the average climate of the 
British Isles owing to the very early date, February, at 
which the flowers expand. It is, however, in this early 
flowering habit that one of the chief merits of this flowering 
currant will reside ; later in the season their greenish colour 
and modest charms would make a less potent appeal. 
Fortunately the flowers of both sexes are able to withstand 
rough cold weather. This species, R. laurifolium, was first 
described from fruiting specimens and placed by Professor 
Janczewski in his section Davidia of the subgenus Berisia, 
apparently largely owing to the circumstance that Wilson's 
original specimens had but a few terminal leaves. Though 
it is now found that in this regard R. laurifolium does not 
resemble R. Davidii, Franch. and A\ /Zd/iryi, Franch., the 
other members of the section Davidia, it is clearly a com- 
ponent of the same natural group. A slow grower in all 
three gardens which have contributed to our plate, the 
largest plants being only a foot and a half high, it is quite 
hardy, thriving well in a good loamy soil, and is readily 
propagated by cuttings. The colour of the fruit when ripe 
is not yet fully known. Sir F. Moore, to whom we are 
indebted for much information regarding the species, 
informs us that immediately after fertilisation the fruits of 
his greenhouse plant commenced to swell, the persistent 
calyx also increasing in size, so that in April it was fully 
half as long as the fruit. Thereafter the calyx ceased to 
enlarge and began to change colour. The fruits themselves 
tinned to enlarge until the middle of June, remaining, 

green and unattractive, in shape like a long 



ho 



gooseberry, with the calyx now only one-fifth the length 
of the fruit. In July patches of dark purple appeared on 
the fruits, and as signs of shrivelling manifested themselves 
the specimen was cut and sent to us for incorporation in 



■.A 



our plate. The female flowers, drawn earlier, were from a 
Kew specimen ; the male from one kindly supplied from his 
collection at Aldenham by Mr. Vicary Gribbs. 

t 

Description. — Shrub 5-6 ft. high, with rather stout 
unarmed branches, glabrous even when young, when 
mature clothed with chestnut-brown somewhat shining 
bark. Buds rather large, ovoid, A in. ^ long, their scales 
scarious, rounded-ovate, obtuse, finely apiculate, brown and 
glabrous except along the finely ciliolate edges. Leaves 
short petioled, scattered, ovate or ovate-oblong, acute, base 
rounded, margin serrate-crenate with gland-tipped teeth 
except for the entire basal fourth to third, 2^-4 in. long, 
J-2 in. wide, coriaceous, quite glabrous, 3-5-nerved at the 
base with a few very oblique nerves leaving the midrib above 
the base ; petiole stout, ^-| in. long, more or less beset with 
setae which are at times glandular. Male: Racemes 
pendulous, slender, 1-1| in. long, up to 12-flowered; 
peduncles bracteate, about ^ in. long; pedicels about | in. 
long; bracts somewhat membranous, oblong, acute, greenish, 
sparingly glandular-ciliate, up to J in. long. Flowers 
greenish, \-\ in. across, glabrous except for the minutely 
pubescent, somewhat cup-shaped receptacle. Sepals wide- 
oblong or rather rounded, obtuse, ^ in. long. Petals 
spathulate, -^ in. long. Stamens about as long as ^the 

petals; 

Style 2-fid. Female \ Racemes at first erect but in fruit 
pendulous, slender, about | in. long, up to^ 12-flowered, 
when in flower shortly peduncled ; pedicels in flower -J- in. 
long, in fruit | in. long ; bracts as in the male, deciduous. 
Flowers greenish, \-\ in. across ; glabrous except for the 



filaments under 1 lin. long ; anthers rounded 



finely grey-tomentose flask-shaped or oblong receptacle 
Sepals and petals as in the male flowers but smaller. 
Stamens reduced to small red staminodes. Style under 
yV in. long; stigmata 2, short, subglobose. Fruit wide- 
ptic, tipped by the slightly enlarged calyx, about J in. 



long, over 1 in. wide, minutely tomentose, reddish 



Fig. 1, male flower ; 2, female flower; 3, fruit in transverse section ; 4, Beed: 

all enlarged* 



8544. 




KS.d^J.N.Pitc-hlith 



A!SjLGentHrookrs,DayS'-Soi\Lt*ij^'vp 



L.Ree^-e Sc C9 Lr^rxA 



an 



. Tab. 8544. 



SALVIA uLiGiNos.^ 



T 

Eastern South America 



i 



Labiatae. Tribe Monabdeab. 

- 

Salvia, Linn,; Bentlu et Hook,/. Qen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1194. 



Salvia uliginosa, Benth.^ Labiat. p. 251 et in DO, Prodr,, Tol. xii. p. 305 ; S, laevi, 

Benth., afflnis sed caulibus conspicue sulcatis, foliis pagina inferiore glaudu- 
losis, intlorescentiis compositis distinguitur. 

Uerha; caules usque ad 2"5 m. alti, ramosi, obtuse tetragoni, sulcati, glandulosi, 
adpresse pubescentes. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, apice acuta, basi longe 
cuneata, supeme gradatim minora, usque ad 9 cm. loDga et 2 cm. lata, 
profunde serrata, yiridia, membranacea, supra glabra, infra nervis adpresse 
pubescentia glandulisque nigris crebris punctata, nervis lateralibus utrinque 
circiter 7 cum costa pagina supenore leviter impressis, inferiore promi- 
nentibus, suprema sessilia, intermedia infimaque petiolo usque ad 2 cm. 
longo suffulta. Inflorescentia terminalis, composita; racemi spiciformes, 
compact!, terminales usque ad 11 cm. longi, laterales usque ad 6 cm. longi, 
longe pedunculati. Vfrticillastri 7-20-flori ; bracteae ovatae, longe acumi- 
natae^ cum acumine 2 mm. longo 6 mm. longae, ciliatae, mox deciduae. 
Calyx campanulatus, ptibescens, glandulosus, lobis ovato-triangularibus 
posteriore leviter bi- vel tri-dentato, lateralibus apice acuminatis. Corolla 
coerulea ; tubus 7 mm. longus,basi 1 ' 5 ram. .diametro, fauce 4 mm. diametro, 
labio antico trilobo 8 mm. longo 7 mm. lato, postico leviter bilobo 
5'5 mm. longo 3*5 mm. lato- AntTierae 2 mm. longae; filamenta2mm. 
longa, connectivis postice deflexis 4 mm. longis sub insertione callosis infra 
medium longitudinaliter connatis. Ovarium 1"5 mm. altum, 1 mm. 
diametro; stylus (cum ramis) 11 mm. longus, glaber, bilabiatus labio 

postico recurvato 3 mm. longo, antico recto 1 • 25 mm. longo. — W. B- Tubbill. 



- The Salvia here represented is a native of South America 
which is represented in the herbarium at Kew by a number 
of specimens collected in Brazil and Uruguay and by a 

The plant from which 



example from Buenos 



th 






e 



for our illustration has been derived 



wliich was presented to Kew in 1912 by Mr. P. L. d< 

The conspicuously sulcate quadrangu 



Vilmorin. Yerri 



stem 



a 



very marked feature of S. uliginosa 
toothing of the leaves is another, for although in 
respects there is considerable variability, the type of 



T 

othe 



ways remains the 



The leaves vary a good deal 



ards the presence or absence of pubescence, but 



glands 



on 



the lower surface remain a constant and d 



tinguishing feature. At Kew S. ulig 



has proved 



Mabch 



hardy, and during the summer of 1913 formed a somewhat 



loose plant about 6 feet 



high 



with erect shoots and with 



inflorescences which are nearly always compound, 
flowered and compact, in full blossom 



many- 



from the opening of 
September to the middle of November. Judging from the 
experience at Kew, S. uliginosa is Hkely to be a serviceable 
plant for the herbaceous border. 



Description" 



1 

Herb; stems up to 8 ft. high, branched, 
bluntly 4-angled, sulcate, glandular, adpressed-pubescent. 
Leaves oblong-lanceolate, acute, base long-cuneate, gradually 
diminishing in size upwards, up to 3 J in. long, | in. wide, deep- 
serrate, green, membranous, glabrous above, adpressed pubes- 

d dotted with numerous black glands 



beneath : lateral nerves about 7 



each side of the midrib 



the 



d like the latter slightly impressed above, raised beneatl 



uppei 



leaves sessile, tl 



bel 



th petioles 



up to I in. long. Inflorescence terminal, compound 
spiciform, compact, the terminal up to 4^ in. I ^, 
2^ in. long, long-peduncled. VerticiUast'ers 7-20-flowered 
bracts ovate, long-acuminate, ciliate, soon deciduous 



lateral 



long 



ding th 
lobes 



tip 



Caly. 



X 

4 



m. 



campanulate, pubescent, 
the posterior slightly 



glandular 

2-3-toothed, lateral with acuminate tips. CoroUaljlue, 

tube under 4- in. long, very narrow at the base, anterior lip 



3-lobed, -^ in. long, nearly 
about i in. long, ^ in. wide 



de, posterior lip 2-lobed, 
Anthers 1 Hn. long, filaments 



th the connective bent backwards, 2 lin. lo 



nc. 



Ovar^ under 1 lin. long ; style, including tbe style-arm° 
early J in. long, glabrous, 2-lobed, the upper lobe recurved 
in. long, twice a^ long as the straight anterior lobe 



• Fig. 1, section of stem; 2, portion of undersnrfacc of leaf; 3, calvx laid open 
and showing pistil; 4, corolla-tube, laid open; 5, anther; 6, npper portion of 

style, with stigma :—all enlarged. 



85^5 




M.a<id.a.N.FitcKli*tK 



Vine ent B ro oics J J a^-- &. S on Jiti^^bTEp 



L Keeve A.C9 I.ondoi 



Tab, 8545. 



KNIPHOFIA CARINATA. 



South Africa. 



LiLiAOEAE. Tribe Hemerocallkae. 



Kkiphofia, ilfoewcA ; Bentlu et BooLf. Gen. Plant vol. iii. p. 775; A. Btrger in 
Engl. Fflanzenreich, Lil-AsjpJiod,-AIoin. p. 3L 



Eniphofla carinata, 0. IT. WryjU ; species K, comosae, Hoclist., affinis, fila- 
mentis luteis, psrianthio vix dupio longioribus differt. 

Eerha perennis. FoHa 7' 5 dm. longa, ebasi 2'5 cm. lata ad apicem acuminatum 
gradatim attenuata, supra profimde canaliculata, subtus acute carinata, 
tenuia, glabra, marginibus levibus anguste albo-cartilagineis instructa! 
Scapus cylindricus; bracteae lanccolatae, longe acuminatae, scariosaej 
8 mm. longae, 2 mm. latae; racemus 15 cm. longus, densiflorus; pedicellx 
breves; flores nutantes. Pma?i^Amm claro-luteum ; tubus anguste urceo- 
latus, supra ovarium leviter constrictus, 18 mm. longus, prope apicem 
5 mm. diametro; lobi erecto-patentes, obtusi, 3 mm. longi, 3 '5 mm. lati, 
Filamenta circiter 30 mm. longa, periantliio concolora ; antherae oblongae,' 
3 min, longae. Ovarium ovoideum, 4 mm. longum, trilobum, leve ; stylus 
subulatus, staminibus paullo longior. Ovala plura.— 0. H. Weigut. 



The Knipliofia which we depict is a South African species 
for tlie introduction of which horticulture is indebted to Miss 
Ayliff of Rose Cottage, Grahamstown, South Africa, hy 
whom seeds were presented to Kew in 1892. The plants 
raised from these seeds have been grown in pots in a cool 
frame, where, however, they throve indifferently until 1912, 
when they suddenly began to make vigorous growth and 
flowered for the first time in September of that year. 
They flowered again in September, 1913, when the oppor- 
tunity was taken of preparing the present illustration. 
During the twenty years that this species has been in 
cultivation without flowering at Kew it has also been tried 
in the open border with other species of Kniphojia^ but has 
never in that situation proved a success owing to its 
being manifiestly less hardy than the majority of the species 
under cultivation. The species when in flower was seen by 
Mr. Berger, who at once recognised it as one not enumerated 
in his recent scholarly monograph of the genus. It is 
apparently most closely allied to the Abyssinian K. comosa, 

BIarch, 1914. 



c 



Hoclist., figured at t. 6569 of this work, which has also a 
olear-yellow perianth similar in shape to that of K, carinata, 
but is readily distinguished by its much longer bright red 
filaments. Both species have leaves of thin texture which 
acutely keeled upwards from a short distance above the 



base 



The Transvaal species K. ensifolia. Baker, is easily 



gnised by its scabrous leaf-margins, while the Ah\ 



species K. Leichtlini, Baker, figured at t. 671 



of th 



mao^azine, which is a member of the same section, difft 



having a 

exserted, and 
leaf. 



reddish perianth, stamens that are but slightly 



pronounced more obtuse keel 



the 



Description.— iT^r^, perennial. Leaves 



2i 



ft. long, 



1 in. wide at the base, thence gradually tapering to an 



acummate tip, deeply channelled above, sharply keeled 
beneath, thin, glabrous, margins smooth, narrowly hyaline. 
Scape cylindric ; bracts lanceolate, long-acuminate, scarious, 
.1 in. long, ^^ in. wide ; raceme 6 in. long, dense-flowered ; 

Perianth clear-yellow ; 
tube narrow-urceolate, slightly constricted above the ovary, 




pedicels short ; flowers nodding. 



1 



-^ m. long, ^ in. across near the tip ; lobes erecto-patent, 
obtuse, I in. long, -f in. wide. Filaments about 1 J in. long, 
coloured like the perianth ; anthers oblong, 



1 

"g" 



in. long. 



Ovary ovoid, \- in. long, 3-lobed, smooth ; style subulate, 
rather longer than the stamens. Ovules numerous. 



Fig. 1, a flower; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, ^mi\\:— all enlarged. 



S64S 




i>i-S,dea,J.NPi^cl.l^tK 



Vij Lcent Broc'kspay SrSonL't^T^p 



li.Ree--'e ScC? Lo.ndor. 



<- 



Tab. 8546. 
COTONEASTER turbixata. 

China. 



+ 

EosACEAE, Tribe Pomeak. 

r ' 

CoTONEASTEBj Medih ex Lindl; Benth.et Hook,/. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p 627, 



Cotoneaster turbinata, Cratb; a C. pannosuj Francli., eiusque aflSnioribns 
fructu turbinate) facile distinguenda; a C. coriacea, Franch., foliis apice 
plerumque acutis nee emarginatis, fructu minore turbinate recedit. 

Frutex 2-nietralis. ^a7nw7« juventute sericei, mox tomentosi, demum glabri vel 
hie illic puberuli, cortice brunneo vel fusco-brunneo subnitido striate vet 
reticulato-striato obtecti- Folia oblanceolata ad ovato-lanoeolata, apice 
acuta, obtusa vel rarius rotundata, mucronulata, basi parum inaequilateralia, 
cuneata, 1*5-4 "5 cm. longa, 0'7-2 cm. lata, papyracea vel tenuiter coriacea, 
pagina superiore nisi costa pilis paucis albis instructa glabra, inferiore 
BQoUiter sericeo-arachnoidea, costa supra immersa subtus prominente, 
nervis lateralibus utrinque circiter 8 supra leviter impressis vel conspicuis 
Bubtus prominulis, nervulis cum reticulatione gracili supra conspicuis vel 
fere subprominulis, petiole ad 7 n.m. lon^^o supra canaliculato indumento 
ramulorum suffulto ; stipulae lineares, acutae, ad 5 mm. longae, diutius 
persistentes. Inflorescentia compacta, multiflora, corymbiformis vel 
pyramidato-corymbiformis; pedunculi partiales ad 1 cm. loiigi; pedicelli 
ad 3 mm. longi, indumento ut pedunculi ramulique ; bracteae angustae, 
Rcutae, ad 2*75 mm. longae, dorso pilosae. heceptaculum 1'5 mm. altum. 
Sepala deltoidea, acuta, 1 ■ 5 mm. longa et lata, indumento extra ut pedicelli. 
Petala subrotundata, 2 mm. (ungui incluso) longa, 1-75 mm, lata. Fila- 
menta 2 mm. longa, glabra, antherisparvis. Car/^eWa 2 parva, pilosa, ovulis 
binis erectis, stylis 2 circiter 2 mm. longis. Fructus turbinatus, circiter 
4 mm. altus, tenuiter aracbnoideus.— W. G. Cbaib, 



The Cotoneaster which forms the suhject of our illustration 
was received at Kew from the collection of Mr. M. L. 
de Vilmorin at Les Barres in 1910 under the two numbers 
4484 and 4547. The seed from which the first of these 
was raised was received, Mr. de Vilmorin informs us, in 
June, 1897, from the Abbe Farges, who had collected them 
during the previous year to the north of Ichang in Eastern 
Szechuan. The original plant in Mr. de Vilmorin*s garden 
iruited in 1903. The seed from which the second was raised 
was received in November, 1905, from Mr. 0. Sprenger 
of Naples, who informed Mr. de Vilmorin that it had come 
from Hupeh. This latter, Mr. de Vilmorin states, suffered 
from frost during the winter of 1908-9, but soon recovered. 
The species has grown verj well at Kew since its intro- 
duction, and by 1913 the tallest plant had reached six feet 
in height. It is evidently vQry hardy and vigorous and 

Mabch, 1914. 



thrives in any soil of moderate quality. From the other 
species of Cotuneaster in cultivation C. turhinafa is very 
readily distinguished by its flowering so late as in July, 
when the flowering season of trees and shrubs in general 
is decidedly on the wane." This habit of fiouering six to 
eiglit weeks later than any other Cotoneaster imparts to 
our plant a special horticultural value, and assures it a 
warm welcome owing to the addition it makes at 
this particular season to the attractions of the garden. 
Its nearest botanical affinity appears to be with 
C. coriacea^ Franch., a species known at Kew from fruitin<>' 
iiiaterial only. In C. coriacea the leaves are usually obovate 
and are uniformly rounded at the tip and then generally 
emarginate and apiculate ; in C. turbinaia the leaves are 
■usually lanceolate with the apex acute. The fruit of 
C. turhinata matures in. October. The species is readily 
increased by cuttings of the shoots of the current season 
made in August. 

Description. — Shrub, up to 6 ft. high ; twigs silky when 

young, soon tomentose, then glabrous or casually puberulous ; 
bark brown or tawny, rather polished, striate or reticulate. 
■Leaves oblanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acute olatuse or 
rarely rounded, mucronulate, slightly unequal and cuneate 
at the base, f-lf in. long, ^-f in. wide, chartaceous or 
thinly coriaceous, glabrous above except for a few white 
hairs along the midrib, softly silky-arachnoid beneath, 
midrib impressed above, raised beneath, lateral nerves 
about 8 along each side, slightly impressed above, raised 
beneath, fine reticulation rather distinct above; petiole 
nearly ^ in. long, channelled above, silky ; stipules linear, 
acute, up to -} in. long, rather long persistent. Inflorescence 
compact, many-flowered, corymbose or somewhat pyramidal ; 
partial peduncles I in. long and pedicels i in. long, silky ; 
bracts narrow, acute, about ^ in. long, pilose on the back. 
Receptacle under 1 lin. high, Sepals deltoid, acute, small, 
silky outside. Petals nearly round, 1 lin. long, nearly as 
wide. Filaments 1 lin. long, glabrous; anthers small. 
Carpels 2, small, pilose ; ovules in pairs, erect ; styles 2, 

about 1 lin. long. Fruit turbinate, about 2 lin. hiffh; 
thinly silky. ^ ' 




Fig. 1, petiole and fitipnles; 2, bud; 3, longitudinal si 
petals remoTcd; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, fruit:— a^? enlarged. 



No. 112. 



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■m 

By ALFRED FRYER, A.L.S. Continued by A. H. EVANS 

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incent Broolis,ray k SonLt^ iir-T 



L..Keevft ScC^honclan. 



Tab, 8547. 



HIBISCUS Waimeae 



Hawaiian Islands. 



Malvaceae. Tribe Hibisceae. 

Hibiscus, Linn. ; Benth, et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol, i. p. 207 ; HocJireutirier 
in Ann. Conscrv. et Jard. Bot. Geneve^ vol. iv, p, 23. 



Hibiscus Waimeae, A. A. Heller in Minnes. Bot. Studies, vol. i p 851 • 
Hochreittzner zn Ann. Conserv. et Jard. Bot. Geneve, vol. iv p 132 - affinig 
H Kokto Ilillebr., a quo bracteis parvis reflexis, corolla alba, tubo 
staminali longissimo distinguitar* 

Arbor parva, usque ad 7'5 m. alta. Bamnli annotini circiter 4 mm. diametro 
cortice saepius cinereo, cicatricibus foliorum d«lapsorum prominentibus' 
hornotim ut petioli pedicellique sordide purpurei, patule pilosi. Folia 
late elliptico-ovata vel suborbicularia, basi rotimdata vel plus minusve 
cordata, apice obtusa vel subapiculata, 9-20 cm. longa, 7-17 cm. lata 
crenata vel crenato-serrata, supra glabriuscula, subtus puberula, nervis 
purpureis subtus prominentibus; petioli 4-10-5 cm. longi; stipulae 
subulatae, caducae. Flores in axillis superioribus solitarii; pedicelli 
3-5 cm. longi, superne in basin calycis incrassati, Bracteae involucri 
6-8, reflexae, hnean-subulatae, circiter 1 cm. longae. Calyx tubulosus, 
sursum leviter ampliatus, ultra medium unilateraliter fissus, in toto 
3-3 • 7 cm. longus, extra breviter pubescens ; lobi triangulares, acuminati, 
circiter 1 cm. longi. Corolla alba, limbo pafculo; segmenta 11-12 cm. 
longa. Tubus staminalis usque ad 16 cm. longus, superne ut filamentella 
papillatus, ruber; filamentella irregulariter verticillatim disposita, 2-2-5 
cm. longa. Ovarium oblongum, breviter pubescens. Styli rami 5, 
leviter divergcntes, stigmatibus capitatis.— H". Amottianus, H. Mann in 



T. A. Sprague. 



'auan 



< The beautiful Hibiscus which forms the subject of our 
illustration is a native of the Hawaiian Archipelago, 
where it has been collected on the islands of Kauai, Oahu 
and Hawaii. It belongs to a small group of species 
which includes //. Ilosa-sinensis, Linn, and its allies, 
for which Hochreutiner has proposed the sectional 
name Lihhiscus. All of these are shrubs or trees with. 
large and showy flowers, and are natives of Africa, -the 
Mascarene Islands and Polynesia. The plant from which 
the material for our figure has been obtained was 
purchased as H. Amottianus for the Kew collection from 
a Calif ornian nursery company in 1911. In a sunny 

AwiJL, 1914. "^ 



w 

position in the Mexican section of the Temperate House it 
lias grown into a strong bush 8 ft. in height, and flowered 
for the first time in September 1913. As regards soil and 
temperature its requirements appear to be those of the 
familiar //. Rosa-sinensis^ the Juva or ** Shoe-flower " of 
Indian gardens. The name H. Ajmottianus, under which 
our plant was received from California, is that by which 
the species is usually known in collections. But that 
name unfortunately has from time to time been applied 
to three distinct plants, and when an effort is made to 
restrict its incidence to one of the three we find that it is 
not to the present species, but to a nearly allied one 
with red flowers that it must be limited. The most 
satisfactory solution of the difficulty, as Mr. Sprague has 
elsewhere pointed out, would be to abandon altogether the 

employment of the name H. Arnottianus .■ 

» 

Description. — Tree up to 25 ft. high; twigs of the 
preceding season about |- in. thick, bark usually grey, 
marked with very pronounced leaf -scars; young twigs 
dull purple and hairy, as are the petioles and pedicels. 
Leaves wide elliptic -ovate or suborbicular, obtuse or 
apiculate, base rounded or somewhat cordate, margin 
creriate or crenate-serrate, 3^-8 in. long, 3-7 in. wide, 
almost glabrous above, puberulous beneath, veins purphsh, 
raised beneath; petiole lJ-4 in. long; stipules subulate, 
caducous. Flowers solitary in the upper axils ; pedicels 
l|-2 in. long, slightly thickened upwards just under the 
calyx; involucral bracts 6-8, reflexed, linear-subulate, 
about ^ in. long. Calyx tubular, slightly enlarged 
upwards, split on one side above the middle, l^-li in. 
long, shortly pubescent externally; lobes triangular, 
acuminate, about ^ in. long. Corolla white ; limb 
spreading; segments about 4^ in. long. Staminal tuhe 
over 6 in. long, papillate and towards the upper part red 
like the free filaments, which are irregularly whorled and 
are |-1 in. in length. Ova?-]/ oblong, shortly pubescent. 
Style-arms 5, slightly diverging ; stigmas capitate. 



Fig. 1, calyx split open, showing ovary ; 2, stellate hairs on pedicel ; 3, apex 
of staminal tube, with style-arms; 4, anther: — all enlarged. 



854 8 




\. 



■^.S.d^.ci.:. r'lickhAlv. 



"Vinnont Bi'ooksr'a/ £.. SoiiLt^iri 



-V 



L.Reere ^C^Londoti.. 



Tab. 8548. 



GLADIOLUS Masonioeum. 



Temhuland. 



Iridaceae. Tribe Ixieae. 
Gladiolus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 709 



Gladiolvis Masoniorum, C. H. Wright in Kew Bulletin, 1913, p. 305 ; species 
G. sulphureo, de Graaf, affinis, lobis perianthii brevioribus spatliisque 
acuminatis differt. 

Hcrha. Folia 5-3 dm. longa, 1 cm. lata, basi apiceque attenuata, utrinqiie 
hirsuta, costa crassa, nervis marginalibus validis iustructa. Eaccmus 
80 cm. longus, laxus, glaber ; spathae virides, herbaceae, glabrae ; exterior 
lanceolata, acuminata, 3 • 5 cm. longa, 1 • 2 cm. lata, interior minor, .1 cm. 
longa. Perianthium cremeum, ad faucem palltde luteum, intra tubum 
viride ; tubus 2 cm. longus, anguste infundibuliformis, curvatus ; lobi 5 
superiores subaequales, 3 cm. longi, 2 cm. lati, obtusi, undulati ; lobus 
inferior 1*5 cm. latus. Antherae cremeae. Stiff matis lobi spatulati, 

8 mm. longi, laciniati. — C. H. Wright. 



The Gladiolus now figured was discovered in Tembu- 
land in December 1910 by Canon G. E. Mason of Umtata, 
and his sister Miss M. H. IVfason, in compliment to both 
of whom it has been named. A year and a half later 
material was sent to the Cambridge Botanic Garden, 
where under the care of Mr. Lynch the plant came into 
flower not quite twelve months after the receipt of the 
corms, in the end of May 1913. From material sent by 
Mr. Lynch the present plate has been prepared. The 
perianth is of a soft creamy tint with green inside the 
lower part of the tube ; the anthers are of much the 
same colour as the perianth. The section to which G. 
Masoniorum belongs is one whose species are difficult to 
discriminate. Its leading member is the widely spread 
G. QuartinianuSy A. Rich., which includes many forms 
with variously coloured flowers, all of them with some- 
what hooded upper perianth-segments. The nearest 
ally within this section to G, Masoniorum is G. sulphureus, 
de Graaf, figured at t. 7791, which, however, is different 
from G. sulphurem, Jacq., now Bahiana stricta, var. 

April, 1914. 



Mfw-'-J^"-^-' ^""^ *™™ ^- '«¥'"'-"'^ Bak., for which 

Mr. Wright now proposes the name G. dewdes. When 

first received at Cambridge in June 1912, the corms, Mr. 

^^^^ W ',i"' '"^^ P°**<"^ '" g^o-i «^"dy loam with 
some leaf mould and kept in a frame until they began 

\l fCl'^ ^^^\ September. They were then transferred 
to the Intermediate House and kept until early April, 
when they went to the Succulent"^ House, whe^re they 

planted out-of-doors on the west border of the Palm 
^ZfMT\- ^'^":, This flowered in July last. Tlie 
tTef^Z}^^'^ withstood eleven degrees of frost, its 

leaves remaimng quite green, survived the winter of 
ul:}± .^^^ P^'*'*'"" 't «<=''"pies is, howe. 



sheltered 



a very 



hkX tnT T':^*"^"* i" a pot, comparatively dry 

likely to keep the corms dormant until earlv snrins- 

do?m.^t ^^' n '■ ^<'^°°lyear the corms hive remained 
the onl f„^ T'"^- .^¥ ''*''""''" °f g^««" le^^es in 
timeTflrowth *" " ^'"^'"'^ ^"^ P"''^"^ "'« •^^^^^^ 

DESCEiPTioN.-//er«. Zmm U-l| ft lon2 

s^rfaceT'Tf VT"^"^^ *'P ^"'l 'bale* kLsle 

it loL W '7*' '"'''■S''^^l '^^^^«« strong. i?«c..«, 
-labrous \e outt ""' i 'P''*^^ S^een, herbaceous 

1 ;„ i!' * , ..°"*'"^ °"« lanceolate, acuminate. aho„i 



both 



II in innre i ; 1. V "■">'cui<ite, acumma 

greenish base Jthin tube 3 tn^t ^'''^"^ *^°i ^"^ . 
shaped curveHT •«,«'. f , "' '""§' narrowly funnel 

f in^ widrJbt ^eirt?; ' tLtbSer' ^ '"• ^T 




aoid 



■all enlarged. 



8640 




If.S.dfli.J.KPitcKlitK. 



a.. 



Afirioent Brooks.Day -iSonLtrjn^ 



-L.RecvQ acCP iiondnn 



Tab. 8549. 



BERBERIS Prattii 

IVesiern China. 



Berbeeidaceae. Tribe Berberideae. 

Linn. ; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant. 



Berberis Prattii, C. K. Schneider in Sargent, Plantac Wilsonianae, vol. i, 
p. 376; affinis B. polyanthae, Hemsl., et B. hrevipaniculatac, C. K. 
Schneider ; ab ilia rete venularum foliorum laxiore, paniculis angustioribus, 
ab hac foliis magig serratis subtus non glaucis differt. 

Frutcx 2-3 m. altus. BamuK juniorea mioutissime pilosi, fusci, sulcati, 
internodiis 1-5-2 '5 cm. longis ; vetustiores cinerascentes. Spinae indi- 
visae vel saepius tripartitae, gracilea, 1-1-5 cm. longae, subtus sulcatae. 
Foha circiter quaterna vel quina fasciculata (ad 10 fasciculata, fide 
bcJineider), obovato-oblonga vel obovata, apice rotundata vel retuea, 
mucronulata, in petiolum brevem vel brevissimum sensim an^nistata, 
fT"r •rP- longa, 0-5-1-5 cm. lata, Integra vel, praesertim in partibus 
mtenonbus ramulorum, ultra medium spinuloso-seiTata; supra viridia 
subtus pallidiora, utrinque exsiccando valde reticulata. Paniculae 
angustae, circiter 4-5 cm. longae, glabrae; bracteae ovatae, caudato- 
acummatae,_ circiter 3 mm. longae; pedicelli 3-5 mm. longi, apice 
bibracteolati, bracteolis triangularibus obtuds rubris vix 2 mm lou^ia 
Flores circiter 5 mm. diametro. Sepala 6, late elliptico-obovata, valde 
concava, trmervia nervis lateralibus demum furcatis, 3 exteriora circiter 
3 mm. longa, 3 interiora circiter 4 mm. longa. Petala 6, sej^alis opposita, 
obovata, 3-3 ■ 5 mm. longa, 2 mm. lata, emarginata, trincrvia, glandulia 
duabis oblongis 1-3 mm. longis nervis lateralibus 0-7 mm. supra basin 
msidentibua. Stamina 6. uetalis onnosita. ? ' _ . r . 



Btipitatum 



mm. longa. Ovarium leviter 



,- • , „ .i " ' -' Baccae ellipsoideae, 

salmoneo-rubrae, 6-7 mm. longae, stylo 0-6 mm. longo. Scmina 1-2 
oblongo-obovoidea, 3-7 mm. longa, rubella.-i3. pohjantha, Hemsl in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xxix. p. 302, partim.— T. A. Speague. 



This Western Szechuan shrub was first collected by Mr. 
A. E. Pratt in the neighbourhood of Tachien-Iu. It was 
subsequently met with there and at Mupine by Mr. E. H. 
Wilson, when collecting for Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons. 
Originally included by Hemsley in B. polyantha, this Btr- 
bens has been kept apart by Schneider on account of its 
less closely reticulated leaves and narrower inflorescences. 
But while perhaps most closely related to B. polyantha, 
Hemsl., B. Prattii most resembles B. hrevipaniculatac C. K.' 

T? I5*-* ^^*^ whicli it has been confused in collections, 
though it is readily distinguished by the pale green but 



o 



surface of the leaves. Like B 



pamciilata our plant is a shrub of dense gro^vth, forming 



ArniL, 1914. 




a mass of twiggy branches out of which are thrust 
each year a number of long whip-Hke shoots. More 
beautiful when in flower than most Chinese species 
of the genus, it is still more effective when laden in 
September with its branches of salmon-red fruits. The 
material for our figure was gathered from a 
in the Arboretum Nursery at Kew, which had ^been 
purchased from Messrs. Veitch in 1909. The shrub 
grows very freely and is apparently quite hardy; the 
freedom with which it fruits promises to make its pro- 
pagation easy. Like other species of Berheris this one 
enjoys a well -drained loamy soil. 

Description.— 5//rw5, 6-10 ft. high; young twigs 

finely pilose, tawny, grooved ; internodes |-1 in. long ; 
old twigs ash-grey. Spines undivided or more often 
3-partite, slender, ^f in. long, grooved underneath. 
Leaves in fascicles of 4-5 (according to Schneider a 
fascicle may include as many as 10) obovate-oblong or 
obovate, rounded or blunt and mucronulate at the tip, 
narrowed gradually below into a short or very short 
petiole, ^-1| in. long, if in. wide, entire or more 
particularly on the lower part of the twigs spinulose 
serrate beyond the middle, green above, paler beneath, 
in drying very markedly reticulate on both surfaces. 
Panicles narrow, l|-2 in. long, glabrous; bracts ovate, 
caudate-acuminate, about \ in. long; pedicels \-\ in. 
long, bibracteolate at the tip, bracteoles triangular, 
obtuse, red, under yV in. long. Flowers about i in. 
across. Sepals 6, wide elliptic-obovate, very concave, 
3-ncrved, lateral nerves at length divided ; three outer 
about I in. long, three inner about i in. long. Petals 6, 
-pposite the sepals, obovate, |-| in. long, A in. wide 



emargmate, 3-nerved with two rather large oblong glands 
on the lateral nerves a httle above the base. Stamens 6, 
opposite the petals, ^ in. long. Ovary shortly stipitate, 
ovoid ; style short ; ovules 2, erect. Berry ellipsoid, salmon- 
red, i in. long, crowned by the short persistent style. Seeds 
1-2, oblong-obovoid, about i in. long, reddish. 



7 •^^■^- ^^^1^ 



Fig. 1, flower-bud ; 2, flower; 3, petal ; 4. stamen ; 5, pistil -.—all enlarged. 








i 



It S . del , J-._N.Htch Hth 



^« 



MRCon,tBrccksj:)ay & Son L^itt^ 



Tab. 8550, 



OLEARIA SEMIDENTATA 



Chatham Islands. 



CoMPOSiTAE. Tribe Asteroideae. 
Oleauia, Mocnch. \ Benth, et Hook,/, Gen, Plant, vol, ii. p. 276, 



Olearia semidentata. Dene ex HooTc. f, Fl, Nov, Zel, vol, i. 115; Hook, f. 
Handb, New Zeal, Fl, p. 124 ; Buck, in Traris, New Zeal. Inst. vol. viL 
p. 336, t. xiv. ; Kirh^ Students' FL p. 264 ; CJieeseman^ Man, Ncto Zeal* 
Flora, p. 280-; Dorrien Smith in Kew Bull. 1910, pp. 120-126, cum icon. ; 
' affinis 0. chathamicac, T, Kirk, foliis lineari-oblanceolatis latioribus 
differt. 

Frutex parvus, parce rainosus, usque ad 1 m. alius ; rami graciles, errabundi, 
pilis albidis appresse lanati. Folia numerosa, conferta, subpatula, lincari- 
oblanceolata, acuta, basi gradatim angustata, 4-7 cm, longa, 0-5-1 cm. 
lata, superne serrulata, infei'ne Integra vel subintcgra, juniora supra glabra 
vel leviter lanata, subtus floccoso-lanata, nervis ascendentibus, Capitiila 
peduuculata, terminalia, solitaria vel ramorum apices versus pauca, 5-6 cm. 
diametro ; pcdunculus bracteis foliaceis parvis instructus, S^-S cm. longus. 
Involucri hracteae numerosae, lineares, subacutae, 1-1*2 cm. longae, dense 
lanato-tomentosae, apice glabrescentes. Flares radii usque ad 50, purpurei. 
CoroUae tubus cylindricus, 4 mm. longus, minute puberulus; limbus 
lineari-oblaneeolatus, apice tridentatus, ad 2 cm. longus, superne minute 
puberulus. Flores disci fusco-purpurei. CoroUae tubus infeme cylindri- 
cus, puberulus, superne subcampanulatus, glaber, 4'5 mm. longus; lobi 
lanceolati, subacuti, 1'5 mm. longi. Anthcrae 2-5 mm. longae. Stylus 
glaber; rami subacuti. Achaenia linearia, 0'5 cm. longa, sulcata, minute 
glanduloso-pubesccntia. Pappus setosus, 6 mm. longus, barbellatus. — 
Eurybia semidentata, F. Muell. Veg, Chath. Is. p. 21. — J, Hutchinson. 



The material for the figure now given of Olearia 
semidentata. Dene, was supphed for the purpose from the 
gardens of Mr. T. A. Dorrien Smith at Tresco Abbey, 
Isles of Seilly, where a plant flowered in July 1913. The 
specimens were sent at the request of Captain A. A. 
Dorrien Smith, by whom it had been brought from the 
Chatham Islands to those of Seilly. The most nearly 
allied species is 0. chathamlca , T. Kirk, already figured at 
t. 8420 of this w^ork. The two species grow in association 
in boggy places in the Chatham Islands. Captain 
Dorrien Smith records the existence in its native habitat 
of two colour varieties of the present species, one with 

Ai'RiL, 1914. 



pure white, the other with beautiful pink flowers. Dr. L. 
Cockayne, in an account of the plants of the Chatham 
Islands, has observed considerable variation in the size, 
the marginal indentation, and the degree of indumentum 
on the under surfaces of the leaves. The latter observer 
noted particularly three plants growing side by side, 
which so far as their general appearance was concerned 
might well pass for three distinct species. It is not 
impossible that, as they grow intermixed, hybridization 
may take place between this species and 0. chathamica. 
The two species, besides being botanically very closely 
related, bear a considerable general resemblance to each 
other, and require the same cultural treatment. A 
specimen at Kew, presented by Captain Dorrien Smith 



some years ago, has not yet flowered 



■ Description.— .?Arw^ up to 3-4 ft. high, sparingly 

branched ; branches slender, straggHng, adpressed woolly. 
Leaves many, close set, somewhat spreading, linear- 
oblanceolate, acute, gradually narrowed to the base, 
1|-2| in. long, |-| in. wide, serrulate upwards, entire or 
nearly so towards the base, when young glabrous or 
sparingly woolly above, floccosely woolly beneath ; nerves 
ascendmg. Heads peduncled, terminal, solitary, or very 
few towards the tips of the branches, 2-2J; in. across ; 
peduncle beset with small leafy bracts, 1^-2 in. long. 
Jnvolucral bracts many, linear, rather acute, ^-^ in. long, 
densely woolly tomentose, glabrescent at' the apex. 
Bay-florets up to 50 in number, purple. Corolla with 
finely puberulous, cylindric tube, \ in. long ; limb 



lanceolate, 3-toothed at the apex, finely puberulo 



pwards, I m. long. Disk-florets purple. Corolla with 
tube puberulous and cylindric below, somewhat campanu- 
late and glabrous upwards, |-^ in. long; lobes lanceo- 
late, rather acute, very short. Anthers yV in. long. 
Style glabrous, its arms subacute. Achenes linear, very 
short, sulcate, finely glandular-pubescent. Pappus setose. 



4 ^"- ^^^»^ 



barbellate 



Fig. 1, leaf-edge, showing leaf-teeth; 2, floret of the ray; 3, floret of the 
disk ; 4, a pappus-haxr ; 5, anthers ; 6, style-arms -.—all enlarqcd. 




M.S.df;LJ.H.FIic:i.htli. 



d-;. 



VkceiTt Bxoolffl 'D^f^ Son I it4 \r " 



L.Heeve Sc C^Londnn 



Tab. 8551. 



^ 



EPIDENDRUM profusum 



Mexico. 



Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 



^ 



Epidkndrum, Linn. ; BentJi, et HooJc, f. Gen. Plant, vol, iii. p. 528 



Epidendrum (§ Encyclium) profusum, Bolfe ; species ab E. amhiguo^ 
Lindl., panicula densiore, lloribus minoribus, sepalis et petalis latioribus, 
et labelli lobis minute crenulatis nee crispulo-undulatis differt. 

Hcrha epiphytica. Pseudohulbi ovoidei, apice gubattenuati, sulcati, 3-7 cm, 
longi, 2 '5-4 cm, lati, 2-3-phylli. Folia ligulata, subobtusa, coriacea, 
18-35 cm. longa, l'5-2"5 cm. lata. Scapi terminales, 4'5-5'5 cm. longi ; 
panicula subcompacta, multiflora, rami subflexuosi, 10-15 cm. longi. 
Bracteae ovatae, subobtusae, 2 mm. longae, Pedicelli graciles, circiter 
2 cm. longi. Flores mediocres, speciosi, circiter 4*5 cm, diametro. 
Sepala et petala patentia, pallide flavo-viridia, sepala oblongo-lanceolata, 
subobtusa, 2 ' 3 cm. longa ; petala spathulato-lanceolata, subobtusa, 2'3 cm. 
longa. Labellujn trilobum, 1 ' 8 cm, longum, album, prope apicem purpureo- 
lineatum; lobi laterales oblongi, obtusi, basi columnam involventes, apice 
subrecurvi, minute crenulati ; lobus intermedius ellipticus vel suborbicu- 
• _ laris, obtusus, minute crenulatug, circiter 1 cm. latus ; venis radiatis 
: minus elevatis et verruculosis. Columna oblonga, 8 mm. longa.- 
Epidendrmn avibignum, Rolfe in Orch. Rev. 1913, p. 215, nee Lindl. 

R. A. ROLFE. 



The attractive Epidendrum here figured was obtained 
for the Kew Collection in 1911 by purchase from Messrs. 
Sander and Sons, St.- Albans. In the house devoted to 
tropical orchids it has thriven well under the conditions 
suitable for other species of the same genus, and in June 
1913 it flowered for the first time. It had been received 
under the name E. Candollei, Lindl., a species figured at 
t. 3765 of this work under the name E. cepiforme^ Hook., 
but on flowering it showed itself to be very distinct from 
that plant and to be more closely allied to E. aromaticumy 
Batem., and more especially to E. ambigmim^ Lindl. At 
first, indeed, it occurred to Mr. Rolfe that it might 
actually be a form of the last-mentioned species, which 
is somewhat imperfectly known. Further study, how- 
ever, showed that our plant differs from E. amhiguum in 
having a denser panicle, with shorter and broader sepals 

AruxL, 1914. 



and petals, and in being without a strongly crispate 
margin to the lip. The flowers are very fragrant. The 
purple veining on the lip is of a more decidedly magenta 
tint than it has been possible for the lithographer to 
reproduce. The locality Mexico is somewhat inferential, 
and is suggested owing to the circumstance that E. 
Candollei, Lindl., the plant for which this was mistaken 
when it was first introduced, is a Mexican species. 



Description. — Herh, epiphytic ; pseudobulbs ovoid, 
somewhat narrowed upwards, channelled, l^-S in. long, 
1-1 1 in. wide, 2~3-phyllous. Leaves ligulate, rather 
blunt, coriaceous, 7-14 in. long, |— 1 in. wide. Scapes 
terminal, lg-l| ft. long; panicle rather compact, many- 
flowered, with rather flexuous branches 4-6 in. long ; 
bracts ovate, rather blunt, -^-^ in. long ; pedicels slender. 



about I in. long. JFlowers medium-sized but showy, 



about 1| in. across. Sepals and petals spreading, pale 
yellowish-green ; sepals oblong-lanceolate, rather blunt. 



nearly 1 in. long; petals spathulate-lanceolate, rather 
blunt, nearly 1 in. long. Lip 3-lobed, | in. long, white, 
streaked with purple near the tip ; lateral lobes oblong, 
blunt, enclosing the base of the column, recurved at the 
tip, finely crenulate ; mid-lobe elliptic or sub orbicular, 
blunt, finely crenulate, about i in. wide, nerves radiating, 
shghtly raised and finely verrucose. Columns oblong, ^ in. 
long. 



l?ig. 1, a portion of the lip; 2, column; 3, pollen-masses; 4, sketch of an 
entire plant : — all enlarged except i, which is much reduced. 



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CORAL AND ATOLLS (Re-Issue). 

By F. WOOD-JONES, D.Sc, F.Z.S. 

A history and description of the Keeling-Coeos Islands, with an account of 
their fauna and flora, and a discussion nf the mpfho/I f\4 Ao.xrca<^-r>.^s.^4. — a 



transformation 



of coral structures m general. Profusely illustrated with 
photo-reproductions, 332 pages, appendix, and index, 8^ x 6. I5s. 



L REEVE & CO., Ltd., 6, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C 



I 



p 
J 




SS52 



M.S.del.J.N.FitcKiit\. 



YiTUientBrooksPay d- SoiiLlriTr^ 



LBee^.r^.&,C''LcrAor 



Tab. 8552. 



ABIES MAGNinCA. 



North- Western United States. 



CoNiFERAE. Tribe Abietineae. 

Abies, Juss. {ex parte) ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol, iii, p. 441. ; EicJil 
in EngL d Prantl^ NaiiirL Pflanzenfam. vol. ii. pars i. p. 81* 



Abies magnifica. A, Murray in Proc. Boy. Hart Sac. vol. iii. (1863) p. 318, 
figs. 25-33; Masters in Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. xxiv. p. 652, fig. 148; 
Sargent, Silv. N. Am. vol. xli. p. 137, tt, 618. 619; Elwes dt Henry, 
Trees of Gr, Brit. £ Irel. vol. iv. p. 792 ; Clinton BaJcer, III Conif. vol. ii. 
p. 17, cum tt. 2; ab A. nohili, Lindl., affini diflfert foliis minus congestis 
tetragonis supra baud sulcatis apice obtusis acutisve baud emarginatis, 
carpellis ovatis vel obovato-ellipticis in planta typica quam squamulae 
OYuligerae brevioribus in cono maturo baud exsertis. 

Arhor ad 75 m. alta, coma apice rotundata, trunco ad 3 m. diametro ad medium 
fere ramis destituto, cortice arborum diu laevi argenteo-albido deinde 
profunde fisso 10-15 cm. crasso squamis nigro-rufescentibus ; rami pro 
rata breves, inferiores subpenduli, rigide remote ramulosi, superiores 
subadscendentes ; ramuli robnsti, primo anno virescentes, puberuli deinde 
brunnescentes et glabrati. Gemmae ovatae, acutae, 6-8 mm. longae, 
perulis castaneis exterioribus denticulatis apiculatis. Folia per decern 
annos persistentia, ramorum inferiorum lanceolato-Iinearia, subplana, 
obtusa, 1-8-3 '8 cm. longa, 1-5 mm. lata, lateralia e basi subhorizontali 
adscendentia, facialia suberecta vel prorsus curvata ; folia ramorum 
superiorum et ramulorum fertilium crassiora, linearia, sectione trans- 
versa^ subrbombica, apice calloso-acuta vel subacuta, 0*8-3 cm, longa, 
e basi breviter curvata erecta, dense congesta ; folia ramorum terminalium 
1'8 cm. longa, acute acuminata, arcuata, apicibus ramo adpressis ; omnia 
glauca vel glauco-viridia, utrinque stomatorum ordinibus instructa. 
Strobili masculi oblongo-cylindrici, l-2-l*8 cm. longi, rubro-purpurei. 
Strohili feminei oblongi, circiter 3-75 cm. longi, fere 2-5 cm. crassi! 
Carpella sub antbesi elliptica vel obovato-elliptica, denticulata, costa in 
apiculum vel mucronem producta. Squamae ovuliferae sub anthesi quam 
carpella multo breviores, late ovatae. Cant oblongo-cylindrici, apice 
truncati vel rotundati, 15-23 cm. longi, 6-8*5 cm. diametro, ex purpureo 
fuscescentes vel nigrescentes, squamae maturae late cuneatae quam 
carpella vix aucta majores eoque occultantes, circiter 3*5 cm. latae. 
Semina oblique oblonga, 1-5-1 '8 cm. longa, ala oblique obovata paulo 
longiora, pallide purpureo-fuscescentia vel subrosea. — A. rwhilis^ var. 
Tnagnifica, Kellog, Trees of Calif, p. 29. Picea magnifica, Gord,, Pin. 
ed. ii. p. 219. Pvnus amabilis, Pari, in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars ii. p. 246 
(ex parte). P. magnifica, M'Nab in Proc. E. Irish Acad. ser. 2, vol. ii. 
p. 700, t. 49, figs. 30, 30a.— O. Staff. 



The Fir here figured is the principal tree in the forest 
belt of the Sierra Nevada between 6000 and 9000 feet 
above sea level, extending northwards into the Cascade 

May, 1914, 



L 

Mountains in Oregon. At the southern limit of its 
distribution it reaches an altitude of 10,000 feet. It was 
disco veered by Fremont in 1845, probably in the Sierra 
Nevada, and was first introduced into England by 
J. Jeffrey in 1851. In this country, however, it has not 
proved so general a success in gardens as some other 
Western American species ; still, fine specimens are to be 
found, especially in Scotland. The material for our 
figure has been made from material kindly furnished by 
Mr. H. Clinton Baker from his fine pinetum at Bayford- 
bury. There the tree is over sixty feet in height with a 
trunk about six feet in girth. This species has been 
much confused with A. nohilis, Lindl., but is readily dis- 
tinguished, even in the absence of cones, by the leaf 
being keeled on both surfaces and thus quadrangular in 
transverse section, whereas the leaf of A. nohilis is grooved 
on the upper surface. As seen in Scotland and other 
places where it succeeds, A. magnifica is a tree of great 
beauty and distinction, well marked by its slender conical 
shape. It enjoys a deep, moist, loamy soil and a generous 
rainfall. At Kew, where both these requirements are 
lacking, and where it has besides to contend against 
adverse atmospheric conditions, it is a failure. The light 
red-brown wood is comparatively durable ; its main use, 
however, is for fuel. There is a variety which occurs on 
Mt. Shasta, and has been termed shastensis by Lemmon, 
which is characterised by its mature cones having bracts 
that are longer than the seed-bearing scales; they are 

golden-yellow and their exserted tips are more or less 
reflexed. 



Description.— Tree up to 250 ft. hicrh, crown round- 
topped, trunk up to 10 ft. thick, almost devoid of 
branches to the middle ; bark of adult trees long remaining 
silvery white and smooth, but in time deeply cracking, 4-6 
in. thick, with the segments blackish-red ; branches short 
for the height of the tree, the lower ones almost pen- 
dulous, stiff and distantly twiggy, the upper ones some- 
what ascending ; twigs stout, greenish and puberulous the 
hrst season, then becoming brownish and nearly glabrous. 
Leaf-huds ovate, acute, i-| in. long, the outer scales 
chestnut-brown, denticulate and apiculate. Leaves per- 



sisting for ten seasons; those of the lower branches 
lanceolate-linear, nearly flat, obtuse, l-lj in. long, under 
yV in. wide, the lateral ones ascending from a nearly 
horizontal base, the facial ones erect or curved through- 
out their length ; those of the upper branches and of the 
fertile twigs stouter, linear, somewhat rhomboid or 
tetragonal in cross-section, callous and acute or subacute 
at the tip, ^-1^ in. long, at the base shortly curved, then 
erect, densely clustered ; those of the terminal branches 
I in. long, acutely acuminate, curved till their tips touch 
the branch ; all glaucous or glaucous-green, beset with 
rows of stomata on both sides. 3Iale cones oblong- 
cylindric, J-| in. long, reddish-purple. Female cones 
oblong, about 1^ in. long, nearly 1 in. thick. Carpels 
when flowering elliptic or obovate-elliptic, denticulate, 
the midrib produced in a mucro ; ovule-bearing scales 
wide ovate, in flower much shorter than the carpels. 
Mature cones oblong-cyHndric, truncate or rounded at the 
apex, 6-9 in. long, 2^-3^^ in. wide, from tawny-purple 
to blackish; ripe scales wide cuneate, larger than and 
hiding the very slightly altered carpels, about 1 \ in. wide. 
Seed obliquely oblong, | -f in. long, wing oblique-obovate, 
rather longer than the body of the seed, pale tawny- 
purple or almost rose-coloured. 



Fig. 1, a leaf ; 2, transverse section of a leaf ; 3, scale and bract ; 4, scale ; 
5 and 6, seeds \—all enlarged except 3, which is of natural size. 



8S53 




-M. S . del . Ja^ .Fitdi-lith. 



L Reeve <Sc.C° Loj-LciorL 



d.: 



"VinceiitBrooks.Day -il^Son U'^^rap 



Tab. 8553. 



ZEPHYRANTHES cardinalis 



^^ 



America. 



F 

Amaryludaceae. Tribe Amarylleae. 
Zephyranthes, Herb. ; Benth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p, 723 



Zephyranthes cardinalis, C. H. Wright; species Z. concolori, Benth. et 
Hook, f., affinis, pedicello breviore, spatha breviore anguste tubular! 
perianthioque cardinali differt. 

Herba. Folia ligulata, acuminata, 14 cm. longa, 7 mm. lata, supra nitide 
viridia, leviter canaliculata, subtus carinata. Scopus cylindricus, 11 cm. 
altus, 3 mm. diametro, infeme roseus, superne viridis ; spatha rosea, 
tubus subinflatus, 15 mm. longus, apex 11 mm. longus, acutus ; flos 
inclinatus; pedicellus 2 cm. longus. Perianthium cardinale; tubus 
infundibuliformis, 2*5 cm. longus, infra viridi-tinctus ; segmenta late 
oblongo-oblanceolata, subobtusa, apice incrassata, erecto -paten tia. 
Stamina ad medium perianthii segmentorum attingentia; anthcrao 
oblongae, lilacinae. Ovarium breviter ellipticum: stigma trilobum.— 

C. H. Wright. ■ x o . 



The handsome Amaryllid which is here described has 
all the facies of a species of Ilippeastrum referable to the 
section Hahranthus. Yet the nature of the spathe, which 
is monophyllous and tubular at the base, excludes it from 
Ilippeastrum, a genus in which the spathe is bilobed to 
the very base, and shows that it is really a ZepJnjranthes. 
Within Zephyranthes it may best be placed in the section 
Zephyr ites where the flower is inclined and the style is 
somewhat declinate. The plant from which our figure 
has been prepared is one which flowered at Kew in June, 
1913. The bulb was presented by Mr. E. S. Miller of 
Wading River, New York, to his friend Mr. J. G. Baker 
in January, 1913, and by Mr. Baker was made over to 
Kew. Mr. Miller informs us that the plant has reached 
liini from the Bahama Islands where it is grown in 
gardens, but that he has failed to learn of any locality in 
which the species is indigenous. At Kew the species 
thrives^ well under the cultural treatment suitable for 
Z. carinata^ Herb, which is figured at t. 2594 of this 
work. Its leaves appear in October, but so far it has 
not produced seeds at Kew. 

May, 1914. 



Description.— i7£?r/>. Leaves ligulate, acuminate, 5 
in. long, i-i in. wide, shining green and slightly channelled 
above, keeled beneath. Scape cylindric, 4 J in. long, 
■I- in. thick, rose-pink near the base, green upwards ; 
spathesrose-pink, its tube somewhat inflated, | in. long, 
its tip acute, nearly ^ in. long ; flower bent to one side, 
its pedicel | in. long. Perianth bright-red ; tube funnel- 
shaped, 1 in. long, greenish near the base; segments 
broadly oblong-oblanceolate, somewhat blunt, thickened 
at the tip, very slightly spreading. Stamens reaching the 
middle of the perianth-lobes; anthers oblong, lilac. 
Ovary shortly elliptic ; stigma 3-lobed. 



Figs, 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, stigma : — all enlarged. 



8utj / 




W:.5 tl«l. J.K.PLtcKlitK. 




I ^ 



f^iev"'" 



J*^ Londorv 





\^cent!Bi^oaki3 Day&-SojiLt.?imp 



Tab. 8554. 



■ 

MAZUS KEPTANS. 



'4 



Himalaya, 



ScROPHULARiACEAE. Tribe Gratiolkae. 
Mazus, Lour. ; Benth. ct HooJc, f. Gen, Plant, vol. ii. p. 947. 



Mazus reptans, N. E, Broivn ; species nova affinis If. surcidoso^ Don, sed 
glabrior, internodiis brevioribus, foliis minoribus angustioribus et acutiori- 
bus oppositis nee rosulatis et corollas tubo calyce longiore differt. 

Herba perennis caespitosa, ad 3-5 cm. alta. Caulcs repentes radicantes, 1 mm. 
crassi internodiis 5-25 mm. longis, glabri. Folia opposita, cum petiolo 
l'5-2'5 cm. longa, 4-9 mm. lata, lanceolata oblanceolata vel subelliptica, 
acuta, utrinque 2-3-dentata, infra medium in petiolum angustius alatiun 
attenuata, glabra, subtus secus costam glandulis minutissimis conspersa. 
Bacemi 2-5-flori, erecti, 4-5 cm. longi, e basi florentes. Pedicelli 0*8-2 
cm. longi, erecti, graciles, unifariam pubescentes, minute unibracteati. 
Calyx 5-6 mm. longus, ad medium vel infra 5-lobus, sparse glanduloso- 
puberulus ; lobi patuli, lanceolati vel elongato-deltoideo-ovati, acuti^ 
Corolla inaequaliter bilabiata, purpureo-coerulea, labio inferiore albo 
luteo et rubro-purpureo variegato; tubus 7-8 mm. longus, minutissime 
glandulosus ; labia porrecta; labium superius levissime recurvum, 8-10 
mm, longum, basi 3 ■ 5 mm. latum, apice bifidum ; labium inferius 
1-1 "3 cm. longum, 1 cm. latum, subplanum, 3-lobum, disco bicalloso 
callis albo-pilosis ; lobi anguste oblongi, obtusi. Stamina 4, didynama, 
2 inferioribus breviter exsertis ; filamenta glabra. Stylus filiformisj 
glaber, albus ; stigma incrassatum, 2-lobum. — Af. rugosus^ Gard. Cliron. 
1913, vol. liii. pp. 158, 190, 210 cum icon. ; nee Lour. Mazus sp., Colchester 
in Gard. Chron, I.e. p. 240.— N. E. Brown. 



The very interesting little Scropulariad here figured is 
one for whose introduction to English gardens we are 
indebted to Mr. B. Crisp, of the Wargrave Plant Farm, 
Limited, by whom it was shown at a meeting of the 
Royal Horticultural Society on March 4, 1913, where it 
was accepted by those responsible as Mazus rugosus. 
Lour. It is a member of the genus Mazus, but it is singu- 
larly unlike M. rugosus^ though, according to Mr. Crisp, 
like M. rw/os'Ks it is a native of the Himalaya. There 
is not, however, in any of the collections we have 
examined, a Himalayan specimen which in habit is at all 
like the species now figured, though a form with the same 
general facies but with diflerent foliage occurs in the 
Khasia Hills to the east of the Himalaya. For the 

May, 1911. 



plant from which the figure now given was prepared, 
Kew is indebted to the kindness of Mr. Crisp ; usually 
in habit it is more compactly matted than the individual 
shown in our plate. M. reptans is an extremely pleasing 
little plant, rather resembling in general appearance 
some of the smaller Lobelias. It grows freely and 
flowers almost continuously from early spring to late 
autumn in any sheltered nook in the rock garden or in 
a shallow pot in a cold frame. 



Description. — Herhy perennial, tufted, 1-2 in. high ; 
stems prostrate, rooting at the nodes, very slender, 
internodes \-\ in. long, glabrous. Leaves opposite, in- 
cluding the petiole f-l in. long, \-^ in. wide, lanceolate, 
oblanceolate or almost elliptic, 2-3-toothed along each 
side, narrowed from the middle downwards in a rather 
narrow winged petiole, glabrous but very minutely 
glandular along the midrib beneath. Racemes 2-5- 
flowered, erect, l|-2 in. long, flowering from the very 
base; pedicels |-f in. long, erect, slender, 1-fariously 
pubescentj minutely 1-bracteate. Calyx ^-\ in. long, 
5-lobed to the middle or deeper, sparingly glandular 
puberulous ; lobes spreading, lanceolate, rather long 
deltoid-ovate, acute. Corolla unequally 2-lipped, pur- 
plish blue, the lower lip blotched with white, yellow and 
red-purple ; tube \-^ in. long, very finely glandular ; 
lips outspread, the upper slightly recurved, 4^— f in. long, 
\ in. wide at the base, 2-fid at the tip, the lower |-^ in. 
long, f in. wide, almost flat, with the disk 2-callose, the 
ridges white-pilose, the lobes narrow-oblong, obtuse. 
Stamens 4, didynamous, the lower pair shortly exserted ; 
filaments glabrous. Style filiform, glabrous, white ; 
stigma large, 2-lobed. 



Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, corolla laid open, showing stamens ; 3, hairs on 
the corolla ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, pistil, with portion of calyx: — all enlarged. 



6555 




M.S.dalJ.NPitdilitK. 



YiTiriei)itBrookFj4^;iy &. Son Lt^-imp. 



Ij-'Rpf^T'P Rf C^ TiirnrJrtn 



Tab. 8555. 



LONICERA Ledebourii. ^ 



California. 



Caprifoliaceae. Tribe Lonicereae. 
LoNiCERA, Linn, ; JBenth, et HooJc.f. Gen, Plant, vol. iL p. 5. 



Lonicera Ledebourii, EscJiscJioUz in Mem, Acad, Sci, St, Petersh. vol. x, 
p. 284; DC, Prodr, vol. iv. p. 336; Hook, et Arnott Bot. Beechey Voij. 
p, 143 ; Neumann in Bev, Hort, ser, 2, vol, ii. p. 373, cum icon. ; Eegel, 
Gartenfl, vol, ii, p. 289, t. 64 ; K. Koch, Dendr. vol. ii. p. 35 ; Dijjpely 
Handb, Lauhliolzh, vol. i. p. 258, t. 171 ; Koehnej Deutsch, Dendr, p. 544 ; 
Behder in Bep, Missouri Bot, Gard, vol. xiv. p. 100 ; Schneider^ III, 
Handb, Laubholzk, vol. ii. p. 705, t. 448, figs, e-f ; affinis L, involucratae, 
Banks, sed ramis longioribus foliis infra pubescentibus basi interdum 
rotundatis corollae tubo extra rubro-luteo, lobis patulis antheris vix 
exsertis diflfert. 

Frutex erectus ; rami elongati, interdum usque ad 5 m. longi ; ramuli angulati, 
juniores parce puberuli. Folia lanceolata vel ovato-lanceolata, subacuta 
vel breviter mucronata, basi obtusa vel rotundata, 4-8 cm. longa, 1 ' 5-2 * 5 cm. 
lata, Integra, tenuiter chartacea, supra nervis puberula, infra moUiter 
pubescentia, reticulata, nervis lateralibus utrinque 5-6 ascendentibus 
arcuatis; petioli 0'5 cm. longi, parce puberuli, Flores geminati, intra 
involucrum longe pedunculatum e bracteis duabus sessiles ; pedunculi 
2-2*5 cm. longi, glabri. Bracteae oppositae, distinctae, ovatae vel ovato- 

. ellipticae, apice obtusae, sub anthesin circiter 1 cm, longae et 0'8 cm. 
latae, extra reticulatae, parce pilosae, intra et marginibus stipitato- 
glandulosae, primum rubro-virides, in fructu purpureae et accrescentes \ 
bracteolae parvae. Calyx obsoletus. Corolla infmidibuliformis, basi 
saccata, extra rubro-lutea, intra lutea; tubus 1-1 "5 cm. longus, circiter 
0*5 cm. diametro, extra parce pilosus; limbus 5-lobus, lobis patulis late 
ovato-rotundatis 3 mm. latis. Stamina 5, supra medium tubi inserta ; 
antherae vix exsertae, mucronatae. Ovarium glabrum; stylus crassub ; 
stigma capitatum, breviter exsertum. Bacca nigra. — Chamaecerasus 
Ledebourii, Billiard, L'Hort. Fran9. 1861, p. 256. Lonicera intermedia, 
Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. vol. i. p. 154, fig. 47. Caprifolium Ledebourii, 
Kuntze, Eev, Gen. PL vol. i. p. 274. Distegia Ledebourii, Greene, Man. 
Bot. San Francisco Bay, p. 164. Xylosteum Lebebourii, Howell, H. 
N.W. Am. vol. i. p. 282.— J. Hutchinson. 



The Lonicera described above is a shrub of sturdy 
erect habit, ultimately attaining a height of six to nine 
feet and being as much across. Its deep orange-yellow 
flowers, tinged with red, appear in late May and June, 
and make the shrub very handsome then. It is very 
easily cultivated, thriving in a deep loamy soil and * 



May 



position. Introduced m 1838 from California 



iV 



seems to be widely spread in gardens, if one may judge 



by the number of specimens submitted for identification 
in each succeeding year. It can be increased by cuttings 
in early autumn. The only species in gardens with which 
it is likely to be confused is the well-known L, involucrata. 
Banks, which has similarly striking involucres. The 
latter is, however, easily distinguished by its thinner, 
glabrous or nearly glabrous leaves, and its longer stamens, 
and it is as a rule in herbaria not in gardens that any 
serious difficulty is experienced in separating the two. 
The material for our plate was suppHed by a plant which 
has long been in cultivation at Kew. 

T 

Description.— .S/irwJ, erect; branches long, at times 
up to 15 ft. long, twigs angular, when young sparingly 
puberulous. Leaves lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, rather 
acute or shortly mucronate, base rounded or truncate, 
l|-3i in. long, |-1 in. wide, entire, thinly papery, 
puberulous on the nerves above, softly pubescent 
underneath, reticulately veined, the lateral nerves 
curved, ascending, 5-6 on each side ; petioles \ in. long, 
sparmgly puberulous. Flowers geminate, sessile between 
two bracts in a long-peduncled involucre; peduncles 
|-1 in. long, glabrous. Bracts opposite, distinct, ovate 
or ovate-elliptic, blunt-tipped, in flower about f in. long 
and 1 in. across, reticulate outside and sparingly pilose, 
beset with stalked glands within and on the margin, at 
first reddish-green, in fruit purple and accrescent; 
bracteoles small. Calyx obsolete. Corolla funnel- 
shaped, saccate at the base, reddish-yellow outside, 
yellow within; tube i-| in. long, about i in. wide, 
sparingly hairy outside ; limb 5-lobed, lobes spreading, 
widely ovate-rounded, | in. across. Stamens 5, inserted 
above the middle of the tube ; anthers hardly exserted, 
mucronate. Ovary glabrous ; style stout ; stigma capi- 
tate, shortly exserted. Berry black. 



r n 

Fig. 1, bract and two flowers; 2, ovaries; 3, section of corolla; 4 and 5, 
anthers ; 6, style and stigma :—all enlarged. 



ss.^e 









M.S.del.J.KJ'itoKUtK. 



Mnoent Rrookr^^D^, & Son Lii^ijtcp 



L-RaQve ^.C? Lon.fLorL. 



Tab. 8556. 
PITHECOCTENIUM cynanchoides 

r 

Brazil to the Argentine. 



BiGNONiACEAB. Tribe Bignonieae. 



PITHECOCTENIUM, Mart. ; BentJi. etSooTc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1038. 



Pitheeoctenium eynanchoides, DG. in DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 195 ; Bur. d 
K. Schum. in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. viii. pars 2, p. 166 ; foliis parvas caudato- 
acuminatis distinctum. 

Frutex scandens. Bamuli graciles, quadrangulares, 6-coatati, novelli minute 
puberuli, mox glabrati. Folia opposita, petiolata, trifoliolata, foliolo 
terminali saepe in cirrhum apice trifurcatum commutato ; petioli 2-3 cm. 
longi, pilosuli ; petioluli similes, saepe longiores ; foliola late ovata, acute 
caudato-acuminata, basi late cordata, 4-5 cm. longa, 3 "5-4 -5 cm._ lata, 
minute ciliolata, supra sparse minute subtus densius lepidota, lepidibus 
, oculo armato tantum visis. Bacemus terminalis, pauciflorus; pedicelli 
circiter 1 ' 5 cm. longi, medio bibracteolati. Calyx cupularis, truncatus, 
nervis productis 5-dentatus, circiter 8 mm. longus dentibus exclusis, extra 
moUiter pilosus, minute densiuscule lepidotus, superne circa nen'os minute 
impresso-glandulosus. Corolla alba, intus lutea, tubulari-infundibularis, 
4-5 cm. longa, prorsum curvata, limbo patulo. Stamina 4, didjTiama, 
anteriora longiora, ut staminodium posticum circiter 7 mm. supra basm 
corollae inserta ; filamenta basi incrassata, pilis moniliformibus villosis- 
sima ; antherae loculis discretis late divergentibus oblongis vix 3 mm. 
longis. Ovarium compresso-ellipsoideum, breviter tomentellum, biloculare, 
disco magno pulvinari insidens ; placentae pro loculo 2, multiovulatae, 
ovulis pluriseriatis ; stylus supra ovarium valde contractus demde mcras- 
satus ; stigmatis lobi plani, foliacei. Cajisula oblonga utrmque angustata, 
7-8 cm. longa, appendice septi capitato terminata, valvis more iimae 
muriculatis. Semina transverse inserta, plana, hyalmo-alata, corpore 
ambitu pyriformi.— P. clematideum, Griseb. Symb. Fl. Argent, p. ^di. 
Anemopaegma clematideum, Griseb. PI. Lorentz. p. 174.— T. A. bPRAGUE. 



The Bignoniad here figured has been in cultivation at 
Kew since 1884, when its seeds were presented by 
Dr. Dormer, who collected them to the west of the 
Argentine EepubHc. It flowered for the first time in 
1895, and has frequently flowered in summer smce. ihe 
genus Pitheeoctenium to which it belongs is one of the 
best characterised in the natural family BignoniMeae; it 
may be recognised at once by the capsule, which is 
variously muricate or tuberculate outside and is ter- 
minated by a capitate appendage of the septum; the 
young branches always have about six prominent ribs 
which are subsequently thrown ofi. Our species, 

May, 1914. 



p. cynanchoides, has a fairly wide distribution, for it is 
known from the neighbourhood of Kio in Brazil, from 
Paraguay, Uruguay and the north-west of the Argentine 
Eepubhc. As in many other Bignoniads the terminal 
leaflet of the 3-foliolate leaves is replaced, in actively 
growing parts of the stem, by a 3-furcate tendril. The 
species thrives well in a temperate house under the con- 
ditions suitable for some of the species of Bignonia. 

Description.— ^/zrwS, climbing; twigs slender, 4-angIed 
and 6-ribbed; young shoots finely puberulous, soon 
glabrous. Leaves opposite, petioled, 3-foHolate, the end 
leaflet often replaced by a tendril with a 3-furcate tip ; 
petiole ^\ in. long, finely pilose ; petiolules similar and 
often longer; leaflets wide -ovate, acutely caudate- 
acuminate, base wide-cordate, 1^-2 in. long, l|-lf in^ 
wide, finely ciHolate, under a lens closely minutely 
lepidote beneath, very sparingly so above. Raceme 
terminal, few -flowered; pedicels about | in. long, 
2-bracteolate in the middle. Calyos cupular, truncate, 
minutely 5-toothed owing to the nerves being produced, 
excluding the teeth about |^ in. long, softly hairy outside, 
minutely closely lepidote, in the upper part finely sunk- 
glandular about the nerves. Corolla white, yellow within, 
tubular funnel-shaped, l|-2 in. long, curved throughout, 
limb spreading. Stamens 4, didynamous, the anterior the 
longer, all inserted, as is the staminode, about ^ in. above 
the base of the corolla ; filaments thickened at the base, 
quite villous with moniliform hairs ; anther-cells discrete, 
wide diverging, oblong, hardly i in. long. Ovary com- 
pressed-ellipsoid, shortly tomentellous, 2-locular, resting 
on a large cushion-like disk ; placentae 2 to a cell, many- 
ovuled, ovules many-seriate; style much contracted 
above the ovary, then thickened higher up ; stigmatic 
lobes flat, leafy. Capsule oblong, narrowed to both ends, 
about I in. long, crowned with a 7-headed appendix, 
valves muriculate resembling a file. Seeds inserted 
transversely, flat, with a hyahne wing ; body of the seed 
pyriform in outUne. 



Fig. 1, calyx; 2, stamens and their insert 
4, anther ; 5, pistil and disk :^all enlarged. 



dTourti^ ^txits. 



No. 114. 






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{Entered at the Neio York Post Office as second-class matter.) 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE. 

CONTENTS OF No. 114, JUNE, 1914. 



Tab. 8557.— HYPERICUM ASCYROK 



>» 



>» 



99 



99 



8558.— VITIS THUKBERGIL 
8559.— DEUTZIA MOLLIS. 
8560.— TRICYRTIS STOLONIFERA. 
8561.--STAPELIA LEE:N^DERTZIAE. 



L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., 6, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, W.C. 



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and good Index. 

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A Descriptive Account of the Lepidoptera of the Indian Peninsula. 

By F. MOORE and Col. C. SWINHOE. 

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CORAL AND ATOLLS (Re- Issue). 

By F. WOOD-JONES, D.Sc, F.Z,S. 

A history and description of the Keeling-Cocos Islands, with an account of 

their fauna and flora, and a discussion of the method of development and 

transformation of coral structures in general. Profusely illustrated with 

photo-reproductions, 332 pages, appendix, and index, 8J x 6. I5s. 



L. REEVE & CO., Ltd., 6, Henrietta Street, Coyent Garden, W.C. 



8551 




M-S.del,J.N.FitdKlit>L 



Vijice-niBroolts,r)ay & Soji Lt^jmp 



LP^^ove &.C? London 



Tab. 8557. 



HYPERICUM AscYRON 



North America and Eastern Asia. 



- H 

Hypericaceae, Tribe Hypericeae. 
Hypericum^ Linn. ; Benth. et Hook, /. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 165 



Hypericum Ascyron, Linn. Sp. PL vol. ii. p. 783; Maxim, tn Mel, Btoh 
vol. xi. p. 162; Hemsh in Journ, Linn. Soc. BoL vol. xxiii. p. 72 ; J. M. 
Coulter in A. Gray, Syn, FL N. Am. vol. i. pars 1, p. 284; flonbus 
maximis, petalis obliquis, stylis 5, stismatibus capitatis distmctum. 

Flanta erecta, circiter 1 m. alta, superne ramosa. CauUs quadrangularis, 
circiter 6 mm. crassus, angulis leviter alatis ; ramuli stricti, ascendentes, 
Buperiores apice flores solitarios vel cymas trifloras gerentes. Foha sessilia, 
patula, semiampleiicaulia, ovato-oblonga, acuta, 3 -5-5 "5 cm. longa, 1- 
2-6 cm. lata, versus apicem leviter recurva, subcoriacea, glabra, nervis 
Bupra impressis subtua prominentibua. Peduncuh l;5-3'5 cm longi, 
superne bibracteati, rarius unibracteati. Sepala ovato-oblon^a, 1 • d-1 • 4 cm. 
longa, 7-9 mm. lata, acute apiculata, crispata. Petala leviter deflexa, 
oblique obovata, 4-5 cm. longa, 2-5-3 cm. lata. Stamina mimerosissima, 
inconspicue quinquephalangiata, 1 • 5-2 • 7 cm. longa ; antherae breviter 
oblongae, curvatae, versatiles, glandula apicali. Ovarium ovoideum, 1 2 
cm. longum, quinquesulcatum, inferne qui^q^eloculare, superne unilo- 
culare, placentis valde intrusis bifidis multiovulatis ; styli 5, liberi, 1 2 cm. 
longi, Btigmatibus capitatis. Capsula ovoideo-comca, circiter 2 cm. longa. 
Semina teretia, raphe leviter alata -H. pyramidatum,ArL Hort Kew. 
vol. iii. p. 103. H.ascyroidcs, WiUd. Sp. PI. vol. m. p. 1443. H. macro- 
carnum. Mip.bTc V\. Bor.-Am. vol. ii. p. 82.— T. A. bPRAGUE. 



The very striking St. John*s Wort here described has 
two widely separated areas of distribution. It occurs m 
north-eastern North America, where it is met with on, 
the banks of rivers from Quebec and New Jersey m tlie 
east to Manitoba and Kansas in the west. It occurs 
again in Central and Eastern Asia, where, according to 
Komarov, it extends from the Altai region to Kamschatka, 
Manchuria, Korea, China, Japan and Formosa. The plant 
figured, which was presented to the Kew collection by 
Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin, was raised from seeds obtained 
in Korea, and represents a rather distinct form with 
unusually large flowers, which is from a cultural stand- 
point superior to the ordinary plant in which the flowei^ 
are from two to two and a half inches across. At Kew H. 
Ascijron, in all its forms, is only partially woody. It sends 

June, 1914, 



up erect stems, three to four feet in height, each of which 
produces in July and August a very large and striking 
terminal corymb of flowers. After the fading of its 
flowers the plant becomes somewhat unkempt and during 
the winter the stems die back to ground level; after 



few years it is rather apt to die out entirely. It is, 



however, readily propagated by seeds. The plant thrives 
best in a loamy soil. 

Description.— i76T&, half-woody, 3-4 ft. high. Stem 

erect, 4-angled, \ in. thick, angles faintly winged; twigs 
strict, ascending, the upper bearing at the tips either 
solitary flowers or 3 -flowered cymes. Leaves sessile, 
spreading, partially stem-clasping, ovate-oblong, acute, 
li-2| in. long, f-l in. wide, slightly recurved near the 
tip, somewhat coriaceous, glabrous, the nerves sunk 
above and raised beneath. Peduncles |-1^ in. long, 
2-bracteate above, rarely only 1-bracteate. Sepals ovate- 
oblong, over I in. long, about ^ in. wide, sharply apiculate, 
crispate. Petals slightly deflexed, obliquely obovate, 
l|-2 in. long, 1-1| in. across. Stamens very many, 
indistinctly arranged in five groups, |-1 in. long ; anthers 
shortly oblong, curved, versatile, with a glandular tip. 
Ovary ovoid, \ in. long, 5-grooved, in the lower part 
5-chambered, in the upper portion only 1-chambered but 
with the many-ovuled 2-fid placentas deeply intruded; 
styles 5, free, \ in. long; stigmata capitate. Capsule 



ovoid-conic, about | in. long. Seeds terete; raphe 
slightly winged. 



Fig. 1, flower-bud ; 2, 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, pistil ; 6, transverse section of 
tlie ovary : — all enlarged. 



SSS8 




M.S.del.J.H.PitchUtK 



MncentBroo'ks Da^/ 5cSonLU ijnfJ 



L.ResvB St. C?Londx)n 



Tab. 8558. 

VITIS Thunbeugii. 

China and Jaj)an. 



Ampelidaceab. Tribe Vitoideae. 

> 

ViTis, Linn, ; BentJi. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 387, partiin ; Planch, in 
DC, Monogr. vol. v. pars 2, p. 321, emend. 



y 

Vitis Thunbergii, Sieh. S Zuoc. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. sect. 1, p. 90; Planch, 

in DC. Monogr. vol. v. pars 2, p. 333; affinis V. Labruscae, Linn., a qua 

nodis tertiis cirrhis (vel iuflorescentiis) carentibus, necnon fructibus 
minoribus recedit. 

Frutex scandcns. Bami subangulati, exsiccando costati. Folia alfcerna, duo 

sequentia cirrho (vel inflorescentia) se opponentia, tertium ramulura axil- 

larem suffulciens, ultra medium palmatifida, 10-15 cm. diametro, supra 

glabra nervis et venulis impressis, subtus tomentosa vel pubesccntia, 

nervis prominentibus lobis 3-5 basi angustatis grosse serratis, terminali 

rhomboideo-elliptico ; petioli 3-5 cm. longi. Thyrsi oppositifoln, 

ramo infimo in cirrhum mutato. Flores in apicibus ramulorum rhacbis 

Bubfasciculati, parvi, virides. Calyx breviter cupularis, repando-dentatus. 

Corolla in alabastro depresso-truncata; petala 5, valvata, m calyptram 

deciduam cohaerentia. Starrvina 5, petalis opposita ; antberae introrsae. 

Glandidae interstaminales 5, parva, bypogyna. Ovarmm subglobosum. 

biloculare ; stylus brevis, stigmate leviter bifido ; ovulapro loculo 2, erccta. 

Baccae ovoideae vel ellipsoideae, circiter 1 cm. longae, purpure >nigrac 

Semina l-S.—Vitia Lahrusca, Francb. et Savat. Enum. 11. -^^p. vol. i. 

p. 83 : Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xxiu. p. 134 ; non Lmn.- 

T. A. Sprague. 



The Vine which is the subject of our notice is a native 
of Eastern Asia, extending from Corea and bhma to 
Japan and Formosa. In this area it is the species which 
represents the North American Vitis Lahrusca, Linn., 
to which it is very closely allied, and in which it has 
actually been included by a botanist so distinguished as tlie 
late Mr. Franchet. In the Asiatic F. Thunbergii, however, 
the fruits are so much smaller that it can hardly be con- 
fused with its American congener, while the observant 
grower will further be able to separate the t^yo plants, 
owing to the circumstance that in the American J^ ox- 
Grape a tendril, or in the absence of a tendril, its homo- 
logue, an inflorescence, is to be met with opposite eacn 
leaf, whereas in the Japanese plant, while there is a 
tendril or an inflorescence opposite two successive lea\ cs, 
none will be found opposite the third leaf. As a climDcr 
whose foliage dies ofl at the close of the season m ricn 



June, 1914, 



red shades, V. Thunhergii is particularly suitable for 
gardens in the western parts of the British Islands, and 
in that of Canon EUacombe, at Bitton, near Bristol, to 
whose kindness we are indebted for the material for our 
plate, this species is a very pleasing object. At Kew it 
is hardy but is not of very vigorous growth, and never 
forms stems more than eight feet long. The present 
figure, it is hoped, may assist in the removal of an 
almost inexplicable confusion which has crept into 
English collections as regards the incidence of the name 

F. Thunhergii, which at present is rather persistently, 
but quite improperly, applied to a very fine form of 

V. Coignetiae, Pulliat, originally introduced from the 
East mto Mr. A. Waterer's nursery. This latter plant, so 
often grown as F. Thunhergii, is remarkable for the size 
and the wonderfully rich autumnal colouring of its leaves. 
Ihe true V. Thunhergii, now figured, is very distinct in 
Its much smaller, deeply lobed leaves. It grows well in 
rich oam and can be increased by " eyes " in the manner 

usual for vines. 



J>mcnmim, -Shrub, climbing; branches somewhat 
angular, ribbed when dry. Leaves alternate, two in 
succession opposite a tendril or an inflorescence, the 
third subtending an axiUary branch, palmatifid to 
beyond the middle, 4-6 in. across, glabrous above with 
tne nerves sunk, tomentose or pubescent with the nerves 
raised beneath ; lobes 3-5, narrowed to the base, their 
margins coarsely toothed, the end-lobe rhomboid-eUiptic ; 
petioles lj-2 m. long. Injlorescences leaf -opposed, the 
lowest branch modified as a tendril. Flowers small, 
green, fascicled at the tips of the twigs of the rhachis. 
ta^x shortly cup-shaped, repand-toothed. Corolla 
depressed-truncate in bud ; petals 5, valvate, united in 
a deciduous calyptra. Stamens 5, opposite the petals; 
anthers mtrorse ; mterstaminal glands 5, small, hypo- 

S.f* o 2T'^ subglobose, 2.celled ; style short ; stigma 
slightly 2-fid; ovules 2 to each cell, erect. Berry oloid 

or ellipsoid, over ^ m. long, purplish-black. Seeds 1-3. 



S559. 



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-ojuion. 



Tab. 8559. 



DEUTZIA MOLLIS 



China, 



' Saxifragaceae, Tribe Hydrangeae. 

Imnh. ; Bcnth. et HooJ:./. Gen. Plant. ^ 



Deutzia mollis, DutJiie in Gard. Cliron. 1906, vol. xL p. 238 ; EeMcr irt 
Sargent, PL Wilson, vol. i. p. 13; C. Schneider, LauhJiohh. vol ii. p. 930; 
inter species sectionis Mesodeutziae indumento molli in foliorum pagina 
inferiore e pilis stellatis quorum radius centralis elongatus patulus con- 
stitute et filamentis edentatis distincta. 

Frutex ad 0*6-1 "5 m. altus, ramig teretibus novellis pilosis citissime glabratis 
cortice tenui rubro-brunneo vel demum fusco mox soluto tectis ; gemmae 
ovatae, acutae, perulis ovato-lanceolatis acutis numerosis castaneis diu 
ad innovationum bases persistentibus- Folia ovata vel late lanceolata, 
acuta, basi rotundata, glanduloso-serrata, 5 '5-7 "5 cm. longa, 2 "5-5 '5 cm. 
lata, supra pilis stellatis adpressis plerumque 4-5-radiatis conapersa, infra 
indumento molli e pilis stellatis constituto quorum radius centralis valde 
elongatus patet; petiolus hirsutus, O'5-l cm. longus. Infiorescentia 
multiflora, corymbosa, corymbo densiusculo vel dense convexo ad 
12 cm. diametro, ramis ramulisque stellato-hirsutis, pedicellis 3-4 mm. 
longis pilis stellatis adpressis canescentibus, Bece;ptaculum turbinatum, 
2 mm. altum, indumento stellato adpresso incanum. Sepala late ovata, 
subacuta, superne glabrescentia, 1 mm. longa. Petala patentia, late 
elliptica, obtusa, 6 mm. longa, alba vel roseo-suffusa, extra stellato- 
pubescentia. Filamenta e basi latiore sensim filiformiter attenuata, 
edentata petalia paulo longiora. Discus pruinoso-papillosus, in centre 
pilis minutis stellatis obtectus. Sttjli 3, quam filamenta breviores. 
Capsula subglobosa, incano-pubescens, sepalis persistentibus cerenata, 
3 '5 mm. diametro, — 0. Staff. 



The very distinct and striking Deutzia now described 
is one of the additions to European collections for which 
horticulture is indebted to Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons, for 
whom it was discovered by Mr. E. H, Wilson, growing on 
cliffs near Paokang, in Hupeh, in Central China, in 1901. 
The material for our plate has been obtained from one 
of the plants in the nursery of Messrs. Veitch at Coombe 
Wood, raised from seed originally received from Mr. 
Wilson. Like most of the species of the genus which 
will grow at Kew, Z>, mollis is somewhat liable to injury 
by late frosts in May, but in other respects is quite 
hardy. It is remarkably distinct from any other species 
in cultivation in the soft felt-like covering, especially on 

June, 1914, 



the undersurface of the leaves. It thrives in a good 
loamy soil, and like its congeners is easily increased by 
cuttings taken in late summer. 



Description. — Shruhy 2-5 ft. high; branches terete; 
young shoots hairy but soon becoming glabrous; bark 
thin, reddish-brown or at length tawny, soon flaking; 
buds ovate-acute, their scales ovate-lanceolate, acute, 
rather numerous, chestnut-brown, persisting for a con- 
siderable time at the bases of the shoots^ Leaves ovate 
or wide lanceolate, acute, rounded at the base, the 
margin glandular-serrate, 2^-3 in. long, 1-2| in. wide, 
sparingly adpressed hairy with usually 4-5-rayed stellate 
hairs above, densely clothed beneath with a soft felted 
tomentum of stellate hairs each of which has a very long 
central ray; petiole hirsute, |-^ in. long. Inflorescence 
many-flowered, corymbose, the corymb more or less 
dense, convex, 4| in. across, its main and secondary 
branches stellate-hairy ; pedicels |-i in. long, hoary with 
adpressed stellate hairs. Receptacle turbinate, yV in. long, 
hoary with adpressed stellate hairs. Sepals wide obovate, 
somewhat acute, glabrescent above, very short. Petals 
spreading, wide elliptic, blunt, { in. long, white or flushed 
with pink, stellate-pubescent outside. Filaments gradu- 
ally narrowed upwards from a rather broad base, not 
toothed ; in length somewhat exceeding the petals. Disk 
pruinosely papillose, covered in the middle with minute 
steUate hairs. Styles 3, shorter than the filaments. 
Capsule nearly globose, hoary-pubescent, crowned bv the 
persisting sepals, | in. in diameter. 



Fig 1 stellate hairs from uppcrside of leaf; 2, stellate hairs from undcr-sidc 
of leaf; 3, flower-bud ; 4, an expanded flower ; 5 and 6, stamena ;—all enlarjcd. 



8560 




M.S.del.J.K.FitcKlith 



■'/mcentBroaks.Dacy &_3or>. Ll5^ jip[- 



L.I^eeve <ScC^Lon^ 



r\T\ 



Tab. 8560. 

F 

TRICYRTIS STOLONIFEEA 

Formosa. 



LiLiACEAE. Tribe Uvularieae. 
Wall. ; Bentlu ct HooTt. f. Gen. Flan 



Tricyrtis stolonifera, Matsumura in BoU Mag., Tohyo, vol. xi. p. 78; species 
1 . Jormosanae, Bak., proxima, caulibus longe stoloniferis differt. 

Ilcrha 6 dm. alta, basi stolonifera. CauKs teres, basi rubro-purpureus, 6 mm. 
diametro, dimidio supcriore vlridis, 2 mm. diametro, primum pubescensj 
demmii glaber. Folia elliptico-lanceolata, acuminata, basin vaginatam 
versus attenuata, 20 cm. longa, 4 • 5 cm. lata, margins ciliata, supra glabra, 
nigro-maculata, nervis impressis ; nervi laterales utrinque circiter 3, subtus 
prominentes, primum pubescentes. Inflorescentiae pedunculus 12 cm. 
longus; rami tenues, primum pubescentes. Perianthium purpureum,' 
maculis obscuris notatum, basi intus cremeum annulo luteo marginatum ; 
seginenta exteriora elliptica, acuta, 2 • 5 cm. longa, 1 cm. lata, extra pilosa, 
basi bilobatim saccata ; segmenta interiora lanceolata, obtusa, 2 cm. longa, 
3 mm. lata, intus levia, costa extra atropurpurea, utrinque canaliculo 
pallido instructa. Stamina perianthio paullo breviora ; filamenta rubro- 
brunnea, parte superiore maculis luteis notata. Ovarium oblongura, 
glabrum ; styli brachia rubro-purpurea luteo-maculata, glandulis stipitatis 

instructa.— C. H. Weight. 



The liliaceous genus Tricyrtis includes some ten species, 

and extends from Japan and Formosa to the Central and 

Eastern Himalaya. Three of these species have already 

been figured in this work:— T. pilosa. Wall., at t. 4955; 

T. hirta. Hook., at t. 5355 ; and T. macropoda, Miq., at 

t. 6544. All three have wide cordate or stem-clasping 

leaf-bases, and thus differ very markedly from the 

subject of the present illustration, in which the leaves 

are narrowed gradually to the sheathing base. The 

species now figured, T. stolonifera^ is more brightly 

coloured than any of the other species as yet introduced 

to gardens, though it is not certain that in this respect 

it differs at all markedly from its nearest ally, T. formo-> 

Sana, Bak., described from specimens collected in Formosa 

by Mr. R. Oldham. Professor Matsumura, in describing 

T. stolonifera, has distinguished between it and T. formo- 

Sana, by the stoloniferous habit and the spotted perianth 

of the former. In his field-note, however, Mr. Oldham 

states that the perianth of T. formosana is crimson and 

June, 1914. 



spotted, while the absence of stolons from his specimens 

does not necessarily justify the conclusion that the 
species to which these specimens belong never is stoloni- 
ferous. The material for our figure has been obtained 
from a plant raised at Kew from seeds collected in 
Formosa by Mr. H. J. Elwes and Mr. W. R. Price, and 
presented by Mr. Elwes. Mr. Price informs us that the 



plant grows at altitudes of 7000 feet above sea-level or 
rather lower, but always in forests. The maximum 
height of wild plants is about a foot, and the seeds were 
taken from quite dwarf plants at Karaping. The plants 
raised from them at Kew have been more luxuriant, 
reaching a height of two feet. Grown in pots in a cool 
house, they flowered in September, 1913, but do not 
promise to be hardy out of doors at Kew, though the 
species is worthy of a trial in the open in the south- 
western parts of the United Kingdom, 

Description.— i/'erft, 2 ft. high, with stoloniferous base. 



Stem cylindric, below reddish-purple and \ in. thick, in 



the upper half greenish, -^ iii* thick, at first hairy, at 
length glabrous. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, 
narrowed to the sheathing base, 8 in. long, 1| in. wide. 



their margin ciliate, above glabrous with dark blotches 
and sunk nerves ; lateral nerves about three along each 
side, raised and at first pubescent beneath. Injlore.scence 
lax; peduncle 5 in. long; branches slender, at first 
pubescent. Perianth purple, indistinctly blotched, base 
cream-coloured within, with a clear yellow marginal 
ring ; outer segments elliptic, acute, 1 in. long, f in. 
wide, pilose outside and 2-lobately saccate at the base ; 
inner segments lanceolate, obtuse, | in. long, ^ in. wide, 



smooth inside, the midrib dark purple outside, with a 
pale groove along each side. Stamens rather shorter 
than the perianth; filaments reddish-brown, marked 
with yellow spots in the upper portion. Ovary oblong, 
glabrous; style-arms red-purple blotched with yellow, 
and beset with stalked glands. 



Fig. 1, pistil showing portion of the base of the flower; 2, outer perianth 
segment, showing inside of the base ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, sketch of an entire 
j)lant i—all enlarged excerpt 5, tahich is much rcduccch 



8561 






V . 



- ^-iiS*^ 



M.S.deIJ.NPitd\lith 



^anceTU,Broote,Da)r&: SoaLt^ii^ -P 



L Reeve 5LC9Londr)n. 



Tab. 85C1. 



STAPELIA Leendertziae 



Transvaal. 



r » 



AscLEPiADACEAE. Tribe Stapelieae. 
Stapelia, Linn, \ Benth, et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant vol. ii. p. 7S4 



Stapelia Leendertziae, iV*. E. Br. in Ann. Transvaal Museum, vol, ii. p. 168 ; 
affinis S. nobilis, N,E., Br., sed floribus minoribus sordide purpureis coroUae 
tubo multo longiore diflert, 

Herba succulenta, apbylla. Caules erecti, basi aecumbentes, 7 '5-12 cm. longi, 
1-1 '3 cm. crassi, 4-angTilares, velutino-pubenili, prope medium florentes, 
angulis subcompressis dentatis, dentibus erectis, Flores solitarii vel bini. 
Pedicelli 2-2*3 cm, longi, 4-4 '5 mm. crassi, velutini. Sepala 8-9 mm^ 
longa, lanceolata vel ovato-lanceolata, acuta, velutina. Corolla magna, 
campanulata lobis leviter patentibus, extra puberula, intus profunde trans- 
versim rugosa et usq^ue ad medium tubi pilis longis purpureis ornata, 
omnino sordide purpurea ; tubus 5-6*5 cm. longus, 4*5-6 cm, diametro; 
lobi 4-5 '5 cm. longi, basi 2*5-4 cm. lati, attenuato-deltoidei, acuti, pilis 
purpureis ciliati. Coronae lobi exteriores 4 mm. longi, suberecti, profunde 
bifidi, atropurpurei, segmentibus divergentibus subulatis acutis; lobi 
interiores 4 mm. longi inaequaliter bipartiti, atropurpurei, segmentis 
exterioribus aliformibus oblongis 6 mm. longis 4 mm. latis apice denti- 
culatis, segmentis interioribus subulatis. Folliculi 11-14 cm. longi, erecti, 
paralleli, fusiformi, velutino-puberuli, virides, fusco-purpureo striati. — 
N. E. Brown. 



. The Stapelia here figured is one of the most striking 
species in the genus, and is also one of the most dis- 
tinct by reason of the great length of the tube of the 
corolla. In another species, S. nohilis, N. E. Br., which 
has been figured at t. 7771 of this work, there is also a 
distinct tube to the corolla, but although the flowers are 
larger in that species than in the ones here described^ 
the tube is considerably shorter, while the lobes are 
more spreading and the coloration is different. Save in 
S. noUlis and in S. Leendertziae^ the subject of our plate, 
the corolla in all the members of the genus is fiat or 
saucer-shaped. This latter plant was first met with in 
1909 by Miss R. Leendertz, now Mrs. R. Pott, of the 
Transvaal Museum, growing among rocks near Heidel- 
berg in the Transvaal. Here it occurs in sunny spots 
on rocks, where it forms large patches and flowers freely 
for a long period at the beginning of the year. The 

June, 1914. 



corollas are of a uniform dull, dark, fuscous-purple colour, 
and have a very disagreeable odour. The plant from 
which the figure now given was prepared is one sent, in 
1910, by Mr. G. Thorncroft, of Barberton, Transvaal, to 
IVIr. W. E. Ledger, of Wimbledon, in whose collection 



flowered in Au 



Another plant 



by Miss 



Leendertz flowered subsequently at Kew. Mr. Ledger 
informs us that he has found the sunny upper shelf of 
a warm greenhouse the ideal situation for this Stapelia ; a 
well-drained soil with an admixture of lime rubbish suits 



excellently 



Description. — Herb, leafless, succulent. Stems 



decumbent at the base, 3-5 in. long 



1 1 

3 




in. 



thick 



led, velvety-puberulous, bearing flowers about the 
middle ; the angles sHghtly compressed, toothed, the teeth 
erect. Flowers solitary or in pairs, their pedicels 4-1 in. 



long 



6 



thick, velvety, 



bep 



1 

3 



long, lanceolate 



or 



ovate-lanceolate, acute, velvety. Corolla large, cam 
panulate, with the lobes only slightly spreading, puberu- 
lous outside, deeply transversely rugose, and beset as far 
as the middle of the tube with long purple hairs within, 
dull fuscous-purple throughout; tube 2-2 J in. long. 



*2 



5 m. across ; lobes 1 



1 



21 



1 



long, 1-1 A m. 



wide 



the base, narrow deltoid, acute, ciliate with purple hairs 
Corona with outer lobes \ in. long, suberect, deeply 2-fid 



dark purpl 



the 



gments diverging, subulate, acute; 



lobes \ in. long, unevenly 2-partite, dark purple 



the outer segments wing-like, oblong, J in. long 



i in- 



wide, denticulate at the tip, the inner segments subulate. 
Follicles 4|-5J in. long, erect, parallel, fusiform, velvety 
puberulous, green, streaked with dark purple. 



pollen masses ; — all enlarged. 



and inner corona: 2, lobe of the inner 



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BOTANICAL MAGAZINE. 

CONTENTS OF No. 115, JULY, 1914. 



Tab. 8562.— GONGORA GROSSA. 
„ 8563.— KOLKWITZIA AMABILIS. 
„ 8564.— PRIMULA VINCIFLORA. 
„ 8565.— TROLLIUS CHINENSIS. 
.. 8566.— ROSA CORYMBULOSA. 



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Tab. 8562. 



1 

^ 



GONGORA GROSSA 

Ecuador. 



Oechidaceae, Tribe Vandeae, 
GoNGORA, Buiz et Pav. ; BentJi, et Hooh. /. Oen. Plant vol. iii. p. 549 



Gongora grossa, Beichb, /. in Gard. Chron. 1877, voL vii. p. 781 ; affinis 
O. atropurpureae, Hook., Bed floribus maculatis et labelli cornubus 
obtusioribus differt. 

■ 

Herba epiphytica. Pseudobulbi aggregati, ovoidei, acute 8-angulati, 5-7 cm. 
longi, basi vaginis ovatis membranaceis 2-3 cm, longis obtecti, apice 
diphylli. Folia elliptica vel obovato-elliptica, brevitcr acuminata, plicata, 
20-30 cm. longa, 6*5-9 cm, lata. Scapi arcuati et penduli, 45-60 cm. 
longi, basi vaginis paucia lanceolatis obtecti ; racemi laxi, multiflori. 
SepaluTn posticum oblongo-lauceqlatum, acutum, basi columnae adnatum, 
apice recurvum, circiter 2*5 cm. longum, marginibus revolutis; sepala 
lateralia reflexa, oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, 2 cm. longa, marginibus 
revolutis. Petala falcato-incurva, ad marginea columnae adnata, circiter 
1 cm. longa, apice aristato-acuminata et recurva. Labellum unguiculatmn ; 
limbus angustus, carnosus, compressus, 5-lobus; lobus intermedius tri- 
angularis, breviter acuminatus, conduplicato-concavus, 6 mm. longus; 
lobi laterales longe subulato-aristati, 8 mm. longi ; lobi inferi falcato- 
incurvi, lineari-oblongi, obtusi, 4 mm. longi ; discus facie obtuse tricallosi. 
Columna incurva, 1'5 cm. longa, basi angusta, apice clavata, alia falcato- 
subulatis. PolUnia 2, clavato-oblonga ; stipes linearis; glandula parvula. 

— R. A. EOLFE. 



The remarkable Gongora which we here figure was 
originally described by the late Professor Reichenbach 
from a plant, which had been received from Ecuador, 
that flowered in the collection of the late Sir Charles 
Strickland, at Hildenley, Malton, nearly forty years ago. 
That plant appears to have been lost shortly afterwards, 
and there is no subsequent record of any other example 
having reached Europe, or of the species as existing in 
any collection, mitil in May 1913 a plant flowered at 
Kew. This plant, which has supplied the material for 
our plate, is one that was presented to the Kew collection 
by Mr. Walter Fox, late of Singapore, an old and tried 
friend of this institution. The plant had been met with by 
Mr. Fox growing on a Cocoa tree at Tenqual in Ecuador, 
when he was on a visit to that country in 1911. 
According to Reichenbach G. grossa is the only near ally 

July, 1914. 



of G. atropurpurea. Hook., a Guiana species figured at 
t. 3220 of this work, which has uniformly purple flowers, 
and shows certain marked structural differences in the 
lip. At Kew G, grossa has thriven well, and has flowered 

teak basket suspended from the roof of the tropical 



orchid-house. The long elegant racemes are most 



and the plant is striking on account of the large 
size of its leaves and pseudobulbs. 

Description. — Herb; epiphytic; pseudobulbs clustered, 
ovoid, acutely 8-angled, 2-2| in. long, their bases clothed 



with ovate, membranous sheaths, with 2 apical leaves 
Leaves elliptic or obovate-elliptic, shortly acuminate, 
plicate, 8-12 in. long, 2^-3 J in. wide. Scapes curved and 
pendent, l|-2 ft. long, clothed at the base with a few 
lanceolate sheaths ; racemes open, many-flowered. Sepals: 
posterior oblong-lanceolate, acute, adnate to the base of 
the column, recurved at the tip and with revolute margins, 
about 1 in. long; lateral reflexed, oblong-lanceolate, 
acute, I in. long, margins revolute. Petals falcately 



incurved, adnate to the edges of the column, about i in 
long, aristate-acuminate at the tip and recurved.^ Lip 
clawed ; limb narrow, fleshy, compressed, 5-lobed ; inter- 
mediate lobe triangular, shortly acuminate, conduplicate- 
concave, ^ in. long ; lateral lobes long subulate-aristate, 
^ in. long; lower lobes falcate-incurved, linear-oblong, 
blunt, I in. long; disk bluntly 3-calIose on the face. 
Column incurved, f in. long, base narrowed, tip clavate, 
wings falcate-subulate. Pollinia 2, clavate-oblong ; stipe 
linear ; gland small. 



Fig. 1, column and lip; 2, column, front view; 3, anther-cap ; 4, pollinarium; 
5, sketch of an entire plant ; — all enlarged excci^t 5, which ii much reduced. 



SS63 




M.S.del,J.>4.Fitc>.}itb. 



^ 



'VmcoptBrooksJ^aV'SLSonLt^imp 



i.Reeve ScC^Londoiv 



Tab. 8563. 



KOLKWITZIA AMABiLis 



China. 



Capiiifoliaceae. Tribe CAritiFOLiEAE. 

KoLKWiTziA, Graebn, in Engl. BoL Jahrb. vol. xxix. p, 593; Eiigl. S Pranilj 
Nat, Pflanz enfant, vol, iv. pars 4, Nachtr. iii, pp. 330, 331. 



Kolkwitzia amabilis, Gracbn. in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xxix. p. 593; Hcmsl. 
in Gard. Chron. 1903, vol. xxxiii. p. 81 ; Stapfin HooTc. Ic. Plant, i. 2937 ; 

species unica. 

Frutcx copiose ramosus, ramis homotinis moUiter hirsutis, annotinis glabratis, 
cortice brunneo. Folia ovata, basi rotundata, apice acuta vel acuminata, 
laxe dentata vel subintegra, 3 cm. longa, 1-3 cm. lata, supcrne sparse, 
infeme ad nervos et ad margines densius hirto-pilosa vel fere villosa, 
nervis utrinque plerumque 3-5 tenuibus prorsua curvatis ; petiolus 1-2 mm. 
longus. Floras geminati, paribus 3-9 in apice ramulorum brevium folia- 
torum quasi in corymbum dispositi ; pedunculi filiformes, pilosi, ad 10 mm. 
longi; bracteae lineares vel subulatae, ad 3 mm. longae. lieceptacula 
uninscuiusq-ae paris opposita vel unum altero altius ortum quasi ei 
lateraliter insertum, dense strigilloso-pilosa, supeme in stipitem brevem 
fere solidum contracta, 3-4 mm. longa. ^epala linearia, acuta, saepe 
flexuosa, 5 mm. longa, hirta. Corolla oblique tubuloso-campanulata, 
alba roseo tincta, extra puberula, 1-1 '3 cm. longa, tubo basi antice 
subgibboso intus antice villosulo, lobo antico quam lateralia paulo longiore. 
Stamina 4, antica ad tertiam partem, postica ad medium tubi inserta ; 
antherae late oblongae, I mm, longae. Stylus filifonnis, scaberulus, 
8-9 mm. longus; stigma minute trilobum. Ovarii loculi 3, inaequales, 
unus saepe cassus; ovula 2-3eriata. Fructus per paria connati, nucu- 
mcntacei, monospermi, calyce ooronati, crasse costati, costis ^ supeme 
saepe in cornu productis, dense strigosi, inaequales, alter minor vel 
subpressus. Semen oblongum, circiter 2 mm. longum.— O. Staff. 



The specimens on which the Caprifoliaceous genus 
Kolkwitzia, Graebn., was originally based were fruiting 
ones collected by the Rev. Pere Giraldi near Gniu-yu, in 
the province of Shensi, North China. Its introduction 
to English gardens is due to Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons, 
who about 1901 received from Mr. E. H. Wilson a supply 
of the seeds of the' solitary species, K. amabilis. The 
shrub was not seen by Mr. Wilson when in flower ; his 
seeds were gathered near Fang, in the province of Hupeh, 
Central China. A plant raised from this supply flowered 
in the nursery of Messrs. Veitch at Coombe Wood for the 
first time in June 1910; another, from which the material 

July, 1914. 



for our plate has been obtained, blossomed there in June 
1913. The genus is closely allied to Ahelia, R. Br., but 
differs in having paired and usually united flowers, so 
that one receptacle seems to arise from the base of the 
other. Specimens of K. amabilis which have not yet 
flowered thrive well in loamy soil in the Kew collection, 
and are about four feet in height. The species appears 
to be quite hardy, and is found easy to propagate from 
cuttings made of late summer wood. 

Description.— ASArwJ, freely branching ; twigs of the 

first season softly hirsute, glabrous in their second season ^ 
bark brown. Leaves ovate, base rounded, apex acute or 
acuminate, margin toothed or nearly entire, 1:^-1^ in. 
loi^g» \-^\ in. wide, sparingly hairy above, more densely 
hairy beneath, especially on the nerves and the margin ; 
nerves usually 3-5 on each side the midrib, slender and 
curving upwards; petiole very short. Flowers paired; 
arranged in a corymbiform thyrse composed of 3-9 pairs 
at the apex of short leafy twigs; peduncle fihform, 
pilose, \ in. long ; bracts linear or subulate, ^ in. long. 
Receptacles of each pair of flowers opposite, or one of a 
pair situated somewhat above and in appearance lateral 
to the other, densely harshly pilose, contracted above 



into a short almost solid stipes, ^\ in. long. Sepals 



. often flexuous, \ in. long, hairy. Corolla 
obliquely tubular-campnulate, white flushed with rose- 
pink, puberulous outside, about \ in. long, tube some- 
what gibbous at the base in front, the anterior lobe of 
the hmb rather larger than the lateral ones. Stamens 4, 
the anterior pair adnate one-third up the tube, the 

Pf r'^vr ^* *^^ "^'^^^^ ^^ *^^ *^^^ » anthers wide-oblong. 
i^tyle^ Deform, scaberulous, \ in. long ; stigma minutely 

iJ-lobed. Ovary 3-celled ; cells unequal, one usually 
empty ; ovules 2-seriate. - Fruits connate in pairs, nuthke, 
1-seeded, tipped by the calyx, stoutly ribbed, the ribs 
otten produced above as a horn, densely strigose, unequal, 
one smaller or occasionally one quite suppressed. Seed 
oblong, about ^V in. long. 



Snipt:« if°^ ^°r" ' ^' ^°''°"^' ^^''^ °Pe°' showing staminal insertion ; 
transverse section of ovarv: 4. sf.vl^ on,i ct:L,..„ . „-ii ° 7 t 



all enlarged. 



856^ 




**^'hV,, 



M.S.del.J.K.ritchliei.. 



a; 



"Virtcont.Bror1<s,Day&Son Li.-UTf 



X-.Reeve & G9 London. 



Tab. 8564. 



PRIMULA VINCIFLOEA. 



South-western China. 



Primulageae. Tribe Primuleae, 
Primula, Linn. ; Benih. et HooJc. /. Gen, Flant. vol. ii. p. 631 



Primula vinciflora, Franch. in Gard. Chron. 1887, vol. i. p. 575, fig. 108 ; 
Pax in Engl, Bot. Jahrb. vol. x. p. 210; Forhes et HcmsL in Journ, Linn. 
Soc. vol. xxvi. p, 43 ; Pax et Knuth in Engl, Pflanzenr, Prim. p. 108 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1906, vol. xl. p. 230, 1909, vol. xlvi. p. 344, et 1913, vol. liv. 
p. 198 ; Forrest in Notes Boy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, vol. iv. t. 30 ; ab 
affini P. Elwesiana, King, coroUae lobis emarginatis baud denticulatis 
recedit, 

Herba pererinis, rhizoma abbreviatum. Folia plerumque oblonga, obtusa, 
usque ad 9 cm. longa et 3 cm. lata, pagina superiore pilis brcvibus erectis 
. albidis minute glanduloso-capitatis sparse tecta praetereaque aureo- 
glandulosa, inferiore pallidiora pilis eis superioris simillimis sed paucioribus 
instructa, nervis lateralibus utrinque circiter 6 obliquis intra margmem 
anastomosantibus supra conspicuis, margine Integra vel interdum obscurius 
crenulata. Sca^us uniflorus, sub antbesin in speciminibus cultis circiter 
8 cm, longus, viridis nisi apice purpurascens, pilis divaricatis albis rubro- 
glanduloso-capitatis vel superne pilis etiam rubris tectus. Cahjx vlndis, 
profunde 6-lobus, segmentis lineari-oblongis obtusis 6 mm. longis et fere 
2 mm. latis pilis glanduloso-capitatis dorso margineque instructis. _ Corolla 
violacea ; tubus fere 2- 5 cm. longus, extra pilis glanduloso-capitatis tectus ; 
limbus 4-4 cm. diametro, fauce intensius violaceus, 6-lobatus, lobis 
angustius obcordatis ad 1-8 cm. longis et 1-4 cm. latis dorso sparse 
glandulosis. Stamina 6, glabra, apicem versus tubi mserta, tna supenora 
crecta, tria inferiora retrorsum directa, antheris omnibus conum post styli 
tergum efficientibus. Pistillum glabrum, stigmate parvo palhdo. bcmina 
(fide Franchet) compressa, Q,laU.—Om]:)halogra7nma vtnciflora, Francb. m 
Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr, vol. xlv. p. 180.— W. G. Craib. 



The Primula here figured is a species which was first 
discovered in the province of Yunnan in South-western 
China by the Abbe Delavay, from wliose specimens it 
was described by Mr. Franchet. It is one of a natural 
group of species which includes the Himalayan P. Elwesi- 
ana, King, and three other Chinese species, P. Delavayi, 
Franch., P. Franchetii, Pax, and P. Engleri, Knuth. This 
group differs from the rest of the genus in being charac- 
terised by large soHtary flowers borne on robust scapes 
rising from a sheath of later developing leaves; by 
having the calyx divided to the base into 5-8 segments, 

July, 1914. 



Mid by possessing flat seeds with a wing aril. These 
distinctive features led Mr. Franchet to regard the group 
as a distinct genus for which, having regard to the seed, 
he proposed the name Omphalogramma. In P. vinciflora 
there is yet another distinguishing feature which has not 
been looked for so far in its consociates. This is to be 
found in the disposition of the stamens whereof, as 
Professor Bayley Balfour has pointed out, only those on 
the posterior side are erect, the anterior ones being bent 
across the corolla tube, so that all the anthers are 
brought together in a cone at the back of the flower. 
For the introduction of this species to cultivation horti- 
culture is indebted to Messrs. Bees, Limited, for whom 
Mr. G. Forrest obtained its seeds in South-western China 
in 1908. The plant figured is one which was presented 
to Kew, when in flower, by Professor Balfour, with whom 
it blossomed in the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 
October 1913. Being doubtfully hardy it has been 
grown at Kew in a cool frame in which it has failed to 
ripen seeds, but where it is still alive and flourishing. 
At Edmburgh the plant flowered for the first time after 
five years ; Professor Balfour has found it to thrive best 
when kept well flooded with water under ample drainage 
conditions. The rootstock in this species is very short, 
and appears to be held in the ground only by its large 
root fibres. In the wild plant the flowers precede the 
leaves; under cultivation flowers and leaves appear 
almost at the same time. 

Desceiption.— //^rJ, perennial ; rootstock abbreviated. 
Leaves usually oblong, obtuse, up to 3^ in. long by li in. 
wide, upper surface sparingly clothed" with short, erect, 
whitish, minutely gland-tipped hairs intermixed with 
golden yellow glands ; the lower surface paler, with hairs 
like those of the upper surface but less plentiful; lateral 
nerves obhque, about 6 on each side the midrib, anasto- 
mosing near the margin, visible above ; ........ ....... 

sometimes obscurely crenulate. Scape 1-flowered, when ... 
blossom usually about 3 in. long, sometimes longer, green 

v+-\^v"7^^^^ "PP^^ ^^^> clothed with spreading hairs; 
whitish below, reddish above, all hairs tipped with red 
giands. taiijx green, deeply 6-lobed, segments linear- 



marcm 



oblong, obtuse, J in. long, almost yV in. wide, outside and 
along the margins clothed with gland-tipped hairs. Corolki 
violet ; tube nearly 1 in. long, clothed outside with gland- 
tipped hairs ; limb If in. across, the throat deep violet, 



lobed. lobes narrow-obcordate, | in. long, f in. wide 



sparingly glandular behind. Stamens 6, glabrous, inserted 
almost at the apex of the tube, the upper 3 erect, the 
lower 3 bent backwards so that the whole of the anthers 
come together in a cone behind behind the style. Pistil 
glabrous ; stigma small, pale. Seeds compressed, winged. 



Fig. 1, section of calyx, showing ovary; 2, corolla-tube laid open, showing 
disposition of stamcnB ; B and 4, stamens ; 5 pistil -.-all cnLargca. 



^srifi 




M3.d«lJ.N.P.tcK}ith. 



A^oontBroaksJ^E^r&Snn I.t^i^Tip 



L.Keeve &,C?Lot'./^,o> 



:>\ 



Tab. 8565. 



TROLLIUS CHiNENSis. 

North China. 



Ranunculaceae. Tribe Helleboreae. 
Teollius, Linn. ; Benth. et Hool. f. Gen. Plant vol. i. p. 7 



Me 



guenda. 



,ffin 



Horba perennis. Caulis validus, striatus, glaber, intemodiis inferioribus 17 cm. 
longis. Folia radicalia deficientia, caulina inferiora ambitu reniformia, 
superiora orbiculari-reniformia, usque ad 12 cm. longa et 16 "5 cm. lata, 
palmatim 5-partita, segmentis ambitu late oblanceolatis apice acutis basi 
cuneatia usque ad 8 cm. longis et 5 cm. latis lobatis parte inferiore exoepta 
acute serratis, nervis primariis et secundariia pagina superiore conspicuis 
inferiore prominentibus, membranaceo-chartacea, glabra, subtus pallidiora, 
petiolo lato ad 1 cm. longo suffulta. Pedunculi mode caulis striati, glabri, 
usque ad 28 cm. longi, paulo supra medium bracteolis duabus altemis 
folioais tripartitis omati. Sej^ala 12-13, exteriora late ovata, usque ad 
2 cm. longa et 1 • 6 cm. lata, interiora exterioribus longiora et saepissime 
paulo angustiora, omnia apice rotundata, plus minusve conspicue venosa. 
Petala 20, linearia, utrinque angustata, apice acuta vel acutiuscula, 
2" 7 cm. longa, 2*25 mm. lata. Stamina glabra, filamentis usque ad 
8 mm. longis, antheris apiculatis ad 3-5 mm. longis. Carpella glabra, 
stylo quam ovarium saltern dimidio breviore, ovulis bjseriatia circiter 10. 
W. G. Ceaib. 



Among the plants from the northern provinces of China 
which have recently been introduced or re-introduced to 
European gardens by Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons through 
their collector, Mr. W. Purdom, one of the most 
interesting is the subject of our plate, to which, although 
it has been in cultivation for many years at Kew and 
elsewhere, this fresh introduction has directed more 
critical attention. In English gardens this species, which 
is a perennial that thrives vigorously and seeds freely in 
cultivation when grown in the bog garden or beside 
water under the same conditions as the Globe Flower, 
Trollius europaeus, Linn., has for many years been 
treated as merely a form of T. asiaticus, Linn., a species 
figured long ago at t. 235 of this work. While, however, 
this has been the custom in most collections, there 
has been a feeling among the more observant of our 
cultivators that this treatment was not justifiable, and 

July, 1914. 



that the two ought perhaps to be considered sufficiently 
distinct, on cultural grounds, to be recognised as separ- 
able varieties. This position, as a matter of fact, was 
conceded to T. chinensis by the late Dr. Kegel when he 
published the short synopsis of the genus Trollius in 
which he reduced Bunge's species to T. asiaticus. But 
it should be reahsed that Regel's treatment, though it has 
been generally accepted and even extended by English 
botanists — since they have merged T. chinensis uncon- 
ditionally in T. asiaticus — has not been uniformly adopted. 
On the contrary, Mr. Komarov, who is entitled from his 
field experience to speak with an authority as great as 
that of Kegel or of Bunge himself, takes a very different 
view. Kegel's primary subdivision of the genus Trollius 
is based upon the number of sepals in the flower. Under 
this system he is able to treat T. chinensis as a variety of 
r. asiaticus, -while another very similar Globe Flower, 
T. Ledehourii, Keichb., falls within another group of 
species. Komarov, however, while agreeing with Kegel 
that T. asiaticus and T. Ledehourii are distinct, reduces 
T. chinensis to the latter, not the former species. Finally, 
in the recent revision of the Eastern Asiatic species of 
Trollius by Messrs. Finet and Gagnepain, these careful 
and distinguished authors, while they reduce T. Ledehourii 
to T. patulus, Salisb., accord specific rank both to 
T. asiaticus and T. chinensis. Such diversity of opinion, 
on the part of authorities so competent as those now 
quoted, ^ affords intrinsic evidence as to the difficulty 
there is in finding within this genus characters that may 
be rehed upon as crucial in the delimitation of its species, 
and, without rendering it necessary to accept the opinion 
of Fmet and Gagnepain as regards the position of T Lede- 
houni, suggests the desirability of adopting tiieir matured 
judgment as regards T. chinensis, a judgment which is in 
accord with the instinct of the cultivator. The original 
description of T. chinensis which Bunge has provided is, it 
may be remarked in passing, quite insufficient to help us 
m so critical a question as the position of his plant with 
relation to its nearest allies. Fortunately, however, it is 
sufficient to enable us to decide that the plant now 
figured is the one he had in view. It was described by 
hun from dried flowers collected in ' Schan-ssi/ where 



these are used medicinally by the inhabitants. For the 
material for our figure, taken from Mr. Purdom's plant, 
we are indebted to Messrs. Veitch. 



Description. — Ilerh, perennial; stem stout, striate, 
glabrous, the lower internodes up to 7 in. long. Leaves : 
radical obsolete ; lower cauline reniform, upper orbicular- 
reniform in outline, up to 5 in. long and 7 in. across, 
palmately5-partite, the segments wide-oblanceolate, acute 
with cuneate base, up to 3 in. long, 2 in. across, lobed 
and except in the lower portion sharply serrate, main 
and secondary nerves visible and raised beneath, thinly 
papery, glabrous, rather paler beneath ; petiole broad 
and short, about ^ in. long. Peduncles striate like the 
stem, glabrous, up to a foot in height, with two alternate, 
tripartite, leafy bracteoles above the middle. Sepals 
12-13, the outer wide-ovate, up to | in. long and 
wide, the inner rather longer and usually rather narrower 
than the outer, all rounded at the tip, and more or less 
distinctly veined. Petals 20, hnear, narrowed to both 
extremities, more or less acute, over 1 in. long, about 
i in. wide. Stamens glabrous ; filaments up to \ in. long ; 
anthers apiculate, f in. long. Carpels glabrous; style 
half as long as tlie ovary or shorter ; ovules about 10, 

2-seriate. 



Fig. 1, a nectary ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, carpels ; 5, a cari^l, in vertical section 
showing ovules : — all enlarged. 



8sn6 




M.S.dei.J.H.PitnhUth. 



ViAcentBrQote,Day^Son 



Lt^in^p- 



L Reeve & C° London 



Tab. 




EOSA CORYMBULOSA 



China. 



EosACEAE. Tribe Eoseae. 



Rosa, Linn, ; Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 



Hosa (§ Cinnamomeae) corymbulosa, Eolfe; species distincta, inter affmes 
ramulis inermibua vel parce armatis, floribuB parvis numeroBis et 
corymbulosim dispositia distinguenda. 

Frutex erectus vel scandens, parce ramosus, 1-2-metralis ; ramuli laevea, 
inermes vel interdum parce aculeati, aculeis geminatis rectis patentibus 
gracilibus 5-6 mm. longis basi latis, demum brunnei. Folia conferta, 
4-9 cm. longa, 3-5-foliolata ; rhachis puberula et sparse glandulosa, 
aculeis gracilibus paucis instructa ; foliola subsessilia, ovato-oblonga, 
subacuta, crebre duplicato-serrata, subtus glauca vel cinereo-puberula, 
1-5 cm. longa. 0*4-2 cm. lata; stipulae adnatae, anguate oblongae, 
acutae, 8-10 mm. longae, marginibus crebre glandulosis. Florea 
corymbulosi, numerosi, versus apices ramorum dispositi, 2-2_5 cm. 
diametro; pedunculi circiter 2 cm. long!, glanduloso-setolosi. Becevta- 
culum ovoideo-oblongum, glanduloso-setulosum, 4 mm. longum. ^ Calycig 

lobi ovato-oblongi, caudato-acuminati, puberuli vel subtomentosi, circiter 
8 mm. longi, patentes vel reflexi. Petala late obcordata. Fil^menta 
glabra, 2-3 mm. longa, antherls aureis. Fructus globosas, glandulosus, 
- circiter 8 mm. longus, sepalis persistentibus coronatus. AchaM dorso 
villosa, 2 mm. longa; styli villoBi, in columnam 4 mm. longam 
cohaerentes. — B. A. Rolfe. 



The distinct and striking Rose here described is 
perhaps most nearly allied to R. macrophylla, LindL, but 
differs in being almost spineless when mature, and m 
having many small flowers which are borne in corymbs 
towards the ends of the branches. It was raised at 
Kew from seeds presented by Professor Sargent of the 
Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, m the 
spring of 1908. These seeds had been collected in 
Western China in autumn 1907, under the field-number 
630a, by Mr. E. H. Wilson. The plant from which the 
material for our plate has been obtained flowered at 
Kew for the first time in July 1913. At present this 
plant is a bush about six feet in height, and promises to 
be a fairly vigorous grower, thriving weU in the rather 



g loam that roses as a whole delight 



E 



hulosa had previously been met with in China, for there 



July, 1914. 



arc specimens in the herbarium at Kew collected by 
Mr. A. Henry near Wushan in the province of Szechuan 
and at Hsingshen in the province of Hupeh. 

Description^.— ^SArt^J, erect or scandent, sparingly 
branched, 3-6 ft. high ; twigs smooth, when old brown, 
unarmed or at times sparingly prickly, prickles geminate, 
straight, spreading, slender, ^^ in. long. Leaves rather 
close-set, 1^-3^ in. long, 3-5-foliolate ; rachis puberulous 
and sparingly glandular, with a few slender prickles; 
leaflets subsessile, ovate-oblong, subacute, closely dupli- 
cate-serrate, beneath glaucous or grey-pub erulo us, | in. 
^ong, |-| in. wide ; stipules adnate, narrow-oblong, acute, 
about 1 in. long, their margin closely glandular. Floioers 
numerous, in small corymbs towards the ends of the 



branches, |-1 in. in diameter ; peduncles about | in. long 



glandular-setulose. Receptacle ovoid-oblong, glandular 
setulose, \ in. long. Calyx-lobes ovate-oblong, caudate- 
acummate, puberulous or almost tomentose, about \ in. 
long, spreading or reflexed, PetaU wide-obcordate. 
Filaments glabrous, ^\~\ in. long, with anthers golden- 
yellow. Fruit globose, glandular, about I in. long, tipped 
by the persistent sepals. Achenes villous on the back, 

T^ m. long ; styles villous, conjoined in a column I in. 
long. ^ 






T)efJ"remS'\''''^/i^ proximal leaflet; 2, a flower in vertical section, the 
petals removed; 3 and 4, anthers; 5, an achene :-all enlarged. 



No. 116. 



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BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 

CONTENTS OF No. 116, AUGUST, 1914. 



Tab. 8567.— CYRTOSPERMA JOIINSTONI. 



ft 



a 



>» 



8568.— MECONOPSIS RUDIS 

8569.— ROSA SETIPODA. 
8570.— ZIN"GIBER MIOGA. 



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8661 




M.S.del,J.MFiLcKhth. 



d; 



VinoejvLBrookspay StSonLtfunp 



LTteave A C? Loridcui 



Tab. 8567. 



CYRTOSPERMA Johnston! 



Solomon Idands. 



Aeoideae. Tribe Orontieae. 
iff, ; Benth, et HooJc. f. Gen, PI 



Cyrtosperma Johnstoni, N, E, Br. in Gard. Chron, 1882, vol. xviii. p. 808 ; 
Engl. Pflanzcnr, vol. iv. 23c, p. 19 ; species C eduli^ Schott, affinis scd 
petiolis pedunculisque conspicue aculeatis et spatha multo minore apte 
distinguenda, ■ 

* 

Herba usque ad 1 in. alta, ubiqiie glabra. FoUorum petioli ■ 45-1 m. lon{»l, basi 
vaginati, spinis in fascicules spiraliter dispositos armati, sordide rubro vol 
rubro-brunneo et atro-fusco irregulariter zonato-marmorati ; lamicae 
triangulari-sagittatae, supra virides, venis rubris, subtus sordide purpuraa- 
ccntes, lobo antico 18-28 cm. longo 18-30 cm. lato ad insertionem petioli, 
lobis posticia late divergentibus 23-36 cm. longis medio 8 -5-15 cm. latis 
suboblique lanceolatis acuminatis, costis posticis in sinu ad 3-5 cm. 
denudatis. PeduncuU teretes, aculeati, petiolis similes. Spatlia erecta, 
15 cm. longa, 2*5 cm. lata, oblonga, longe acuminata, valde concava, 
marginibus incurvis, extra nigro-violacea, leviter nitida, intra sordide albo- 
virens leviter roseo-tincta, basi purpureo-rosca. Spadix brevissime nigro- 
Btipitatus, 8-5 cm. longus, 12 mm. crassus, cylindricus, obtusus, primum 
virescens, demum pallida violaceus. Scjpala et stamina 5-6. Ovarium 
oblongum, uniloculare, stigmate sessile coronatum ; ovula 2.—Alocasia 
Johnstoni, Bull, Cat. 1S78, p. 154.— N. E. Brown. 



The very ornamental Aroid here figured is a native of 
the Solomon Islands whence it was first introduced to 
European collections by the late Mr. William Bull, 
Chelsea. It was distributed from his establishment as 
Alocasla Johnstoni, this name first appearing in his Cata- 
logue for the season 1878. The spiny petioles and 
peduncles, red-veined, arrow-shaped leaves, and blackish- 
violet spathes provide a combination of characters^ not 
met with in any other Aroid and impart to the species a 
distinction which has rendered it a favourite stove plant. 
It grows well in any tropical house, preferring a rich 
loamy soil with abundant water, except in winter when 



plant 



the plant is at rest. The material for 
has been obtained from an unusually vigorous 
grown under the moist tropical conditions atibrdcd in the 
Nepenthes House at Kew, which flowered early in 
August, 1913. At present Ci/riospi'rma Johmtoni appears 

August, 1914. 



to be the only species belonging to its genus in culti- 
vation. 



Description. — Ilerh, over 3 ft. high, glabrous every- 
where. Leaves triangular-sagittate, their petioles 1J-3| 
ft. long, sheathing at the base, armed throughout with 
spirally arranged tufts of spines, irregularly zonately 
marked with dull red or reddish-brown, or dark brown 
spots ; laminae green above with red veins, dull purple 
underneath, the anterior lobe 7-11 in. long, 7-12 in. 
wide opposite the apex of the petiole, the posterior lobes 
widely diverging, 9-14 in. long, B^-G in. wide in the 
middle, somewhat obliquely lanceolate-acuminate, the 
lowest pair of lateral nerves running close to the margin 
for lJ;-3 in. at the base of the sinus. Peduncles terete 
and aculeate like the petioles, Spat he erect, 6 in. long, 
1 in. across, oblong, long-acuminate, very concave, the 
margins incurved, outside dark violet and slightly polished, 
within dirty whitish-green faintly flushed with rose, at 
the base rosy purple, Spadix with a very short dark 
stalk, 3| in. long, ^ in. thick, cylindric, obtuse, at first 
greenish, ultimately pale violet. Sepals 5-6. Stamens 
^-Q. Ovary oblong, 1-celled, tipped by the sessile stigma ; 
ovules 2. 



Fig. 1, two flowers ; 2, sepal and stamen ; 3, stamen, seen from behind ; 
4, ovary ; 5, longitudinal section of an ovary, showing ovules : — all enlarged. 



8568 




KS.del.JK.Fitc-KlitK 



^u5eniBroo>^;5ay A-SonLt,- irnf- 



Jj R.t.-evB &.C°Loruion. 



Tab. 8568. 



MECONOPSIS RUDis 



Western China, 



Meconopsis, Vig.; Bcnth. et HooTc. f. Gen. Plant, vol.i. p. 52; Tranil rf 
Kiindig in Engl. S Prantl, Pflanzenfam. vol. iii. pars 2, p. 141.. 



Meeonopsia (§ Eumeconopsis) rudis. Pram in Ann. Bot. vol. xx. p. 6il, syn. 
M. sinuata var. Prattii excludend. ; species e grege Aculeatarum M. 
horridulae, Hook. f. et Thorns., proxime accedens, a qua tamen aculeis 
coloratis nee stramineis, floribus dare ncc intense coeruleis, toro magis 
ampliato differt. 

Herba monocarpica ; caulis simplex scapiformis 3 • 5-7 • 5 dm. altus, aculeatua. 
Folia radicalia primum rosulata demum evanida ; caulina altema, utrinque 
aculeis simplicibus saltern basi sed saepe omnino purpureo tinctis induta, 
oblongo-lanceolata, margine subintegra vel parum obtuse dentata, apice 
obtusa vel acuta, basi in petiolum latiorem attenuata, supra pallide viridia 
Bubtus glaucescentia ; lamina 8-14 cm. longa, 2-5-4 cm. lata; petioli 
inferiores 3-4 cm. lonri, gradatim breviores. Florcs m cymas racemiformes 



dispositi ; pedicelli 2-6 cm. longi, aculeati, saepissime bracteati ; bracteae 
foliis conformes sed minores sessilesque^ Sc_pala 2, ovata, 1 • 5 cm. longa, 
extra parce aculeata. Petala 6-8, clare coerulea nonnunquam purpureo 
suffusa vel raro pallide purpurea, ovato-oblonga, obtusa, 2-75-4 cm. longa, 
2 -5-3 -25 cm. lata. Stamina indefinita, pluri-seriata ; filamenta glabra, 
discreta, coerulea; antherae oblongae, luteae. Ovanwn e carpellis 4 
compositmn, ovoideum vel subglobosum, 6-8 mm. longum dense 
aculeatum ; stylus glaber, 3 mm. longus ; stigma coloratura, pallide luteum. 
Capsula subglobosa vel oblonga, 1-25-1 -5 cm. longa, m toro explanato 
incraasato 5 mm. lato insidens.-M. raccmosa, Franch., Bull. Soo. Fr. 
vol. xxxiii. p. 390, et PI. Delavay. p. 41 ; nee Maxim. ^- ^^^'1^ "i;^' Jf ' 
rudis, Prain in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. vol. Ixiv. pars 2, p. 314.-D. Prain. 



The Poppywort here figured is one of the "Blue 
Poppies " which impart to the stony alpine tracts in 
South-western China at elevations of 11-16,000 feet 
above sea level the curious charm that their near ally 
Meconopsis aculeata, Royle, figured at t. 5456 of this work, 
imparts to the corresponding regions of the JSorth- 
western Himalaya and Kashmir. From that well-kno^vn 
species the subject of our plate is, however, readily 
separated because of its entire or nearly entire leaves 
and because the flowers have always more than four 
petals. In colour, however, the flowers of the Western 
species in question and of M, rudis, the one now figured, 
a<n-ee very closely ; in both species the petals are usually 



August, 1914, 



i 



sky-blue but in M, rudis, as the figure here given shows, 
they sometimes have a purple tinge. It is now over a 
quarter of a century since the late Mr. Franchet first 
received specimens of this species from the late Abbe 
Delavay and treated them as identical with if. racemosa, 
Maxim., a plant which has, however, now been in culti- 
vation in Enghsh rock gardens for a number of years 
and is readily distinguished from M. rudis by the darker 
blue of its petals and the absence of purple from its 
spines. The only other species with which M. rudis has 
been confounded is M. Prattii, originally treated as a 
variety of M. sinuata, but better kept distinct from that 
species on account of its having 5-8 petals in place of 
4 as in M. sinuata. The petals in M. Prattii are pale 
blue as in M. rudis and in M. aculeata, but the foliage 
and the torus are as in M, ractmosa which is itself only 
the usual condition assumed by the Poppywort originally 
described as M. horridula. Hook. f. & Thorns. The intro- 
duction of if. rudis to European gardens has been due 
in almost equal degree to Mr. E. H. Wilson and Mr. G. 
Forrest by whom it has been collected in Szechuan and 
in Yunnan. The plant figured is one of a large number 
raised from seeds collected by the first named traveller for 
the Arnold Arboretum and presented to Kew by Professor 
C S. Sargent. The seeds were sown on a slope in the 
rock garden in the spring of 1911, and the plants 
flowered in June 1913. The species has proved hardy at 
Kew, but, as was anticipated when it was originally 
described, it has been uniformly monocarpic ; all the 
plants that have flowered at Kew died soon after ripening 
their seeds. 



Description^.— //er?/, monocarpic ; stem 1^-3 ft. high, 
simple, scapose, prickly. Leaves at the base rosulate 
but soon disappearing, those of the stem alternate, armed 
on both sides with simple prickles which are usually 
purple based, but are often straw-coloured upwards, 
oblong-lanceolate in outline, margin almost entire or 
sparingly bluntly toothed, apex obtuse or acute, narrowed 
below into a very wide petiole, pale green above, 
glaucescent beneath ; leaf blade 3-5^ in. long, l-lj in- 
wide; lower petioles U-U in. long, gradually decreasing 



upwards. Floicers arranged in raceme-like cymes; 
pedicels %-2\ in. long, prickly, usually bracteate ; bracts 
like the leaves, but smaller and sessile. Sepals 2 



I in. long, sparingly prickly externally. Petals Q-S, 



bright blue, sometimes flushed with purple and 
ally pale purple throughout, ovate-oblong, obtuse, 1^- 
1^ in. long, 1-1 i in. wide. Stamens numerous, several- 
seriate ; filaments glabrous, free, blue ; anthers oblong, 
yellow. Ovary made up of 4 carpels, ovoid or subglobose, 
\-\ in. long, densely prickly ; style glabrous, \ in. long ; 
stigma pale yellow. Capsule subglobose or oblong, f-| 
in. long, resting on a flattened enlarged torus \ m. 

across. 



Figs. 1 and 2, stamens ; 3, pistil ; 4, sketch of an entire plant -.-all enlarged 
except 4, which is much reduced. 



8569 







■ -':ip[ 



V 



i '. f.h 



^irr^rin>K •'irooUs.Ddy ScSoALf^urip. 



T V> 




^vu 8tC9LoTi.do]i. 



Tab. 8569. 



ROSA SETIPODA 



China. 



■ KosACEAB^. Tribe EoseaE. 
EosA, Linn. ; Benth. et HooTt. f. Qen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 



a (§ Cinnamomeae) setipoda, Hemsl. et E. H. WiU. in Kew Bulletin, 1906, 
p. 158 ; species inter affines inflorescentia permagna laxa, bracteis foliaceia 
et pedicellis setis longis patentissimis capitato-glandulosis instructia 
distincta. 

tex 2-3 m. altus; ramuli subglabri, aculeis geminatia rectis basi late 
dilatatia 5-8 mm. longis armati. Folia 6-18 cm. longa, 7-9-foliolata, 
rhachis breviter glandulosa et aculeolata, foliola subsessilia, late elliptica, 
obtusa vel subacuta. eerrata vel duplicato-serrata, supra atroviridia, subtus 
glauca, venia prominentibus et puberulis, 3-6 cm. longa, 1-3 cm. lata ; 
Btipulae adnatae, 1-5-2-5 cm. longae, anguate oblongae, acutae, margmibus 
crebre ciliato-glandulosis. Flores speciosi, circiter 5 cm. diametro, in 
cymas terminalea corymbif ormes laxas dispositi ; pedicelli 3-5 cm. longi, 
elanduloso-setulosi. Beceptacidum anguste oblongo-oyoideum, 8-10 mm. 
longum, copiose setnloso-glandulosum. Calycis lobi ovato-lanceolati, 
caudato-acmninati, intus pubescentes, apice foliacei et acute serrati, 
2-2-5 cm. longi, patentes vel leflexi. Fetala late obcordata, circiter 
2-5 cm. lata, pallide rosea, basi albidula. Fzlamenta g\^hm, 3-4 min. 
longa ; antheris aureis. Carpella copiose viUosa ; styli 6 mm longi, 
villSsi. Fructus ovoideus, apice attenuatus, saturate ruber, circiter 2 5 
cm. lon^us, sepalis persistentibus erectis coronatus.— K. A. Kolfe. 



The striking Rose here figured was met with by 
Mr. E. H. Wilson in the Fang district in North-western 
Hupeh, Central China, at from 7000 to 9000 feet above 
sea-level, when collecting on behalf of Messrs James 
Veitch & Sons. It was raised by that firm m 1904, and 
flowered for the first time in their nursery at Coombe 
Wood in 1909. In the interval the species was described 
as B. setipoda from herbarium material collected by 
Mr. Wilson, and at a still earlier date by its original 
discoverer, Mr. A. Henry. According to both coUectors 
the species is not uncommon in shrubberies m Hupeh. 
Mr. Wilson describes it as a remarkable rose, recallmg 
by its general facies E. macrophylla, Lindl, with large 
corymbt of handsome flowers to which a smgular appear- 
ance is imparted by reason of the long pedicels clothed 
with spreading gland-tipped bristles, and beset w- 

August, 1914. 



ith 



numerous foliaceous bracts, i?. setipoda, which appears 
to be quite hardy, grows vigorously in the rather stiff 
loam that roses as a whole enjoy. It can be propagated 
by cuttings made of ripened wood in autumn. The 
material from our plate was obtained from a bush in the 
Coombe Wood Nursery of Messrs. Veitch which flowered 
there in June and July 1913. 



Description. — Shruh. 6-10 ft 



glabrous, armed with 



high 



g 



almost 



ght wide-based geminate 



prickles 



1 

5 



long. Leaves 2^-7 in. long, 7-9-foliolate 



rachis shortly glandular and prickly ; leaflets subsessile 



wide elliptic, obtuse or subacute 
serrate, dark-green above, g 



prominent and puberulous, 1^-21 in. long, |-l4- m. 



or duplicate- 
beneath, nerves 

wide : 



stipules adnate, |-1 in. long 



4 



rrowly oblong, acute, 
Flowers showy, about 



;landular-setulose. Recepl 



margins closely glandular-ciliate 

2 in. across, arranged in loose terminal corymb-like cymes 

pedicels 1^-2 in. long 

narrowly ovoid-oblong, about ^ in. long or rather long 
copiously glandular-setulose. Calyx-lobes ovate-lancco 
late, caudate-acuminate, pubescent within, leafy and 

reflexed. Petals wide obcordate, about 1 in. across, pale 

with whitish base 



sharply serrate at the tip, |-1 in. long, spreading 



about 



1 

"6" 



densely villous 



in. long ; anthers 



Stamens with glabrous filaments 



1 



golden 



Carpels rather 



5 in. long, villous, jp'ruit ovoid, 
narrowed to the apex, deep red, about 1 in. long, tipped 
by the erect persistent calvx-lobes. 



Fig. 1, vertical section of a flower, the petals removed ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 
4, carpel and style i^all enlarged. 



8510 




% 4 \ *%*y 



^'^^S.d^lj.N.Pu^^j^e^ 



d; 



V^nr.-j^i3rocl.3,DayA SonU^imp 



L Reeve ac CO London 



Tab. 8570. 



ZINGIBER MioGA. 



-^ 



Japan. 



\- 



SCITAMINEAE. Tribe ZlNGIBEREAE. 

Zingiber, Adans, ; B€7it7i. et HooKf, Gen. Plant, vol, iii. p. 646. 



Zingiber Mioga, Boscoe in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. viii. (1807) p. 348; Franch. 
et Savat. Enum. PI. Japon. vol. ii. (1879) p. 20 ; Schumann in EngL 
Pflanzenr. vol. iv. 46, p. 183 (1904) ; Ito, Ic.Pl. Jap, vol. i. No. 1, t. 4; 
species Z. atro-i'uhente, Gagnepain, affinis, sed spica breviore, calyce 
longiorej labello obovato distingiiitur. 

Herha perennis. Bhizoma horizontale, circiter 6 mm. diameiro. Cuhni 
erecti, usque ad 8 dm. alti, glabri, foliorum vaginis longitudinaliter 
striatis glabris obtecti. Folia lineari-lanceolata, apioe attenuato-acuminata, 
basi attenuata, usque ad 2*6 dm. longa et 4 cm. lata, nervis laterali- 
bus plurimis parallelis cum costa pagina utraque subprominentibus, 
glabra vel pagina inferiore basin versus sparse pilosa, membranacea, cum 
petiole 1'5 mm, longo instructa; ligula 4-7 mm, longa, 4-6 mm. lata, 
conspicue biloba, lobis apice subaeutis vel obtusis, glabra, membranacea. 
Spica ellipsoidea, circiter 6 cm. longa, 3'5 cm. lata; peduneulus circiter 
2 cm. longus, squamis ovato-oblongis vel oblongis acutis obtectus ; bracteae 
exteriores ovato-ellipticae, subacutae, 2*5 cm. longae, 1'8 cm. latae» 
glabrae. Calyx tubulosus, spathaceo-fissus, fere truncatus, usque ad 2*8 
cm. longus, membranaceus. Corolla flava, tubo anguste infundibuliformi 
fere 4 cm. longo basi 2 mm. apice 1 cm, diametro, lobis acuminatis, 2 
anticis oblongo-lanceolatis 3 cm. longis 0"9 cm. latis, postico ovato-lanceo- 
lato 3-2 cm. longo 1'3 cm. lato. Lahellum obovatum, integrum, 3 cm. 
longimi, 2-1 cm. latum, basi lobis binis brevibus instructum, flavum. 
Staminodia interiora jfiliformia, 5'5 mm. longa. AntJiera, appendicula 
incurva 1 cm, longa exclusa, 1 '5 cm. longa. Ovarium pubescens, breviter 
cylindricum, 6 mm. altum, 2-5 mm. diametro.— ^mowmm Mioga, Thunb. 
Fl. Jap. (1784) p. 14 ; Banks, Icon. Kaempf. t. 1 — W. B. Tureill, 



The pleasing Gingerwort which forms the subject of 
our illustration is one which has been known to European 
botanists almost as long as the West has had intercourse 
with Japan, and has been grown at intervals in European 
conservatories for more than a century. It is said to 
occur in a wild state in woods and bamboo-groves in the 
warmer parts of Hondo, Shikoku and Kyushu as well as 
in the islands of Tsu-shima in Japan. It is, however, 
more frequently met with as a cultivated plant in 
Japanese gardens. The plant from which the material 
for our plate was obtained is one imported from Japan 
by Mr. H. J. Elwes and presented by him to the Kew 

August-, 1914, 



collection in 1912. Grown in a warm house under the 
conditions suited to various species of Zingiher and 



4 



iinomum, Z. Mioga has thriven weU; it flowered freely 
in September 1913. The specific name 'Mioga' is 
adapted from the Japanese vernacular name for the 
plant, which in its native country is much esteemed for 
its aromatic qualities. The young inflorescences, also the 
young leafy shoots, are used for flavouring soups and 
pickles, and also as a spice. 

Description. — Herh, perennial; rootstock horizontal, 
about I in. thick; leafy stems erect up to 2h ft. in 
height, glabrous, covered with longitudinally ~ striate 
leaf-sheaths. Leaves linear-lanceolate, narrowly acu- 
minate at the tip, narrowed to the base, up to 10 in. 
long, about IJ in. wide, with many parallel lateral nerves 
which are distinct on both faces as is the midrib, 
membranous, glabrous on both sides or with the under 
surface sparingly hairy near the base ; petiole very short ; 
hgule \-l in. long, nearly as wide, distinctly 2-lobed, 
lobes subacute or rounded, membranous, glabrous. 



Spike ellipsoid, about 2^ in. long, 1^ in. across ; peduncle 



about I in. long, clothed with ovate-oblong or oblong 
acute scales ; outer bracts ovate-elliptic, subacute, 1 in. 
long, f m wide, glabrous. Cahjx tubular, spatha- 
ceously spht, almost truncate, over 1 in. long, mem- 
branous ^ Corolla yeUow, tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 

fi. + \ ?• ^^^^* tV in. wide at the base, ^ in. wide at 
tne top, lobes acummate, the two anterior oblong-lanceo- 
late, 1^ m. long, J in. wide, the posterior ovate-lanceolate, 
I m. long, ^ m. wide. Lip obovate, entire, U in. long, 
J m. wide, with two short basal lobes, yellow. Staminodes 
tiMorm, under i in. long. Anther nearly -| in. long, with 
a long incurved appendage over i in. long. Ovary 
pubescent, shortly cylindric, i in. loiia, A in. wide. 



4 -"• ^^iig, To 



alT^llrge^.^ "'"'^ "^^"^ '" ^' *^' '"°^^' ""^^^^ ^^^^ °Pen ; 3. anther and style : 



8511 




M.s.aei ju.riio>i Kk. 



^An^entBxootePay ftSor^L^i^P 



LUeevs 5eC9LQndjnr 



r 



Tab. 8571. 



COTONEASTER Franchetii 

Western China. 



> 



EosACEAE. Tribe Pomeae. 



CoTONEASTERj^ilfeiWZ;:; Bentlu et Hooh.f, Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 627. 



Cotoneaster Franchetii, Bois in Bev. Hort 1902, p. 379, figs. 159, 160, 161, 
164; 1907,, p. 256 cum icon. fig. 1 et p. 257, fig, 90; Vilmorin et Bois, 
Frut. Vilmorin. p. 117 cum icon, ; BeJider et Wils. in Sargent, PL Wilson. 
p. 165 ; species C pannosae, Franch., affinis foliis paulo majoribus petalis 
erectis roseo-tinctis fructibus oblongis aurantiaco-rubris differt, 

Frutex 1-3-metralis, ramis albo-pannosis, deinde glabrescentibus cortice atro- 
fusco tectis. Folia ovata vel ovato-elliptica, basi acuta vel subacuta, 
apice acuta vel breviter acuminata, mucronulata, 2-3 cm, longa, 1-1*6 cm. 
lata, supra saturate viridia pilisque tenuissimis longis conspersa, subtus 
albo-pannosa, nervis lateralibus obliquis utrinque circiter 4 supra impressis 
infra prominentibus ; petiolus 3 mm. longus, tomentosus ; stipulae subu- 
latae, ad 3 mm. longae, rubescentes, pilosae. Inflorescentiae corymbosae, 
ramulos foliatos l'5-4 cm. longos interdum ramulo subcorymbo orto pro- 
longates terminantes, 15-25-florae, 1-5-2 cm. latae, densiusculae, griseo- 
tomentosae ; bracteae filiformes ; pedicelli brevissimi vel ad 3 mm. longi. 
Beceptaculum sub anthesi turbinatum, laxe griseo-tomentosum, 2'5 mm, 
diametro. Cahjcis dentes triangulari-ovati, apiculati, eodem indumento 
ac receptaculum induti, Petala rotundata, 3 mm. diametro, amoene 
roseo-tincta, sub anthesi erecta. Stamina circiter 20. Styli 2-3 ; carpella 
2-3 in vertice villosa. Fructus aurantiaco-rubri, oblongo-ellipsoidei vel 
turbinate -oblongi, circiter 1 cm. longi, 6-7 mm. diametro.— 0. Staff. 



The striking Cotoneaster which is here figured first 
became known in European collections through plants 
raised by Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin in his garden at Les 
Barres from seeds communicated to him by his corre- 
spondent the Abbe Soulie. Where the Abbe collected 
these seeds is not exactly known, but the plant has since 
been met with by Mr. E. H. Wilson in various localities 
in Western Szechuan at altitudes of from 6500-9500 feet 
above sea-level. According to Mr. Bois the species also 
extends into Yunnan in which province it was collected 
by the Abbe Delavay at Hee-chan-men at an altitude of 
8500 feet. C. Franchetii is a very graceful shrub which 
reaches a height of eight to ten feet, its branches arching 
and elegant. The plant from which the material for our 
plate has been obtained is one which was presented to 
Kew by Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin in 1901. It bears fruit 

August, 1914. 



w 

freely every year, and is very handsome in autumn, but 
its flo^Yers, which appear in June, are too fug--—- '^'- 
add much to the attractiveness of the species 



It 



very hardy, grows freely in soil of even moderate quality 

ly increased by cuttings made of firm twigi 



and is eas 

about the end of July 



ovate or 



—Shrub, 3-10 ft. high, branches white 

Leaves 

subacute, apex 



Desceiption 
felted at length glabrescent, bark dark brown 



ellipt 



base acute 



shortly acuminate, mucronulate, |-1^ m. 



m. 



long, 

^ ide, dark green and sparingly beset with long 

iender hairs above, white felted beneath, lateral nerves 
obhque, about 4 on each side of the midrib, sunk above 



1_2 

3 3 



sed beneath 



petiole ^ m. 



long, tomentose 



pules 



subulate, reddish, pilose, up to I in. long. Injl 



mbose, terminal on leafy twig 



n 



long which 



times continued by a twig springing from below 



the inflorescence 



ymbs 15-25-fiowered 



rather compact, grey-tomentose ; bracts filiform ; pedicels 



short 



ionally up to ^ in. long 



Receptacle 



turbinate when in flower, loosely grey-tomentose 



iV m. 



across. Caly 



gular 



ith the same t omentum as the 



piculate, clothed 
ptacle 



Petals 



rounded 



ged with rose, in flower 



Stamens about 20. Styles 2-3, the carpels villous at the 



top 



Fruit 



ge-red, oblong-ellipsoid or turbinate 



oblong, over 4 in. long, about 1 in. across. 



Fig. 1, apical portion o! a leaf ; 2, a flower ; 3, vertical section of a flower, 
the petals removed ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, a pyrene : — all enlarged. 



dTourtlj ^ttits. 

No. 117. 



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BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 

CONTENTS OF No. 117, SEPTEMBER. 1914. 



Tab. 8572.— ECHINOPAX HORRIDXJS. 
.. 8573.— HAMAMELIS VERNALIS. 



)l 



ft 



ff 



8574.— PIMELEA FERRUGINEA, 
8575.— ACONITUM ROTUNDIFOLIUM. 
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8512 



■-4<<~- 




\ * f^ 



j.a^.J.N.Pitrf^litlu 



X' f^esve & C9l3ar\dan. 



Vine ertt Brooks ,X)a^5^.Soji-Lt.^iiaj> 



Tab. 8572 



ECHINOPANAX horridus. 



Japan and North America 






Araliaceae. Tribe Schefflereae. 



— *' ^ 1 — — 

vol. iii. pars 8, p. 34. 



t/< 



Planch 



p. 189 ; Harms in Engl. S Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. vol. iii. pars 8, p. 34 ; 
Nahai in Journ. Coll. Sci. ToJcyo, vol. xxvi. p. 276 ; species unica. 



Frutex 1-3-metralis. Caulis aculeis pltirimis armatus, basi repens,_ apice 
foliatus. Folia petiolata, palmatifido-palmata, 5-9-loba,_ 15-25 cm. 



inn 



potioli 8-20 cm. longi, aculeati. Flores umbellati; umbellae globosac, 
in racemoa vel paniculas compactas dispositae, rhachi aculeata et dense 
villosa ; bracteae suborbiculares, fimbriatae, deciduae. Flores breviter 
pedicellati, pallide virides. Calycis lobi 2 spinescentibus exceptis. 
brevissimi. Petala 5-6, valvata, ovata vel ovato-oblonga, 3 mm. louga, 
apice acuta et incurva. Filamenta glabra, 3-4 mm. longa; antherae 
oblongae, I'S mm. longae. &tyU 2, distincti, 1-5 mm. longi, apice 
divergentes. Fructus obovoideus, sulcatus, subcompressus,_ 5-6 mil)., 
longua, coccineus, stylis persistentibus coronatus; pedicelli 7-8 mm., 
longi.— Fchinojpanax sp., Dene et Planch, in Rev. Horfc. 1854, p. 105. 
Panax liorrida, Smith in Eees Cyclop, vol. xxvi. n. 10; DC. Prodr. vol. iv. 
p. 252 ; Hook. Fl. Bor. Amer. vol. i. p. 273, t. 98 ; Bongard Veg. bitka, 
p 25 • Torr. & Gray, Fl. N. Amer. vol. i. p. 648. Araha ermacea. Hook. 
in Edinb. Journ. Sci. vol. vi. p. 64; DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 259. Oplopanax 
Jwrridus, Miq. Ann. Mns. Lngd.^Bat. vol. i. p. 16; Franch. ct Sav. Luum. 
PI. Jap. vol. 1. p. 194. Fatsia sp., Benth. ct Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. 
p. 939. F. liorrida, S. Watson, Bot. Calif, vol. i. p. 27,3^ Macoun^Cat. 



Man 



R. A. ROLFE. 



P. 



The striking Araliad which is here figured is a plant a^ 
to whose classification there has been no Uttle diffejrencc 
of opinion. Originally described by Smith as 
horrida, it was soon afterwards described again by the 
elder Hooker as Aralia erinacea. In their Flora Torrey 
and Grey recognised the identity of Hooker*s species 
with that of Smith, whom they followed in treating it as 
a Pana.T, but as the type within that genus of a distinct 
section Oplopana.v, which Miquel subsequently treated as 
a distinct genus. In this conclusion, however, JMiqucl 
had been anticipated by Decaisne and Planchon, who 
proposed for the genus the name Echinqjanax, Tho 

SKPTLAUiKR, 1914, 



elder Hool^or included in the genus Aralia the Ri 
paper Plant of Japan, figured at t. 4897 of this v 



ork 



as A. papyri fera, Hook., and in the Genera PI 
Bentham and Hooker have followed the elder Hooker in 
treating these two as congeneric, admitting, however, 
that they cannot be treated as species of AraHa. In 
1859, however, C. Koch had come to the conclusion that 
Aralia jHipi/rlf era is also entitled to be considered a distinct 
genus to which he gave the name Tetrajtanax. The 
genus to which Bentham and Hooker have referred the 
species whereon the genera Echiuopana.r and Tetrapnnax 
were based is Fatsla. But, in his careful revision of the 
Araliaceae, Dr. Harms has advanced reasons for con- 
sidering that both Tetrapanax and Evkmo]>anax are quite 
distinct from Fatsia, a conclusion with which, after 
further study of the group, Mr, Rolfe finds himself in 
accord. Echinopanax horrit'ii-s is a native of the coast 
and islands of North- west America, from Sitka and the 
Charlotte Sound to the Oregon, the borders of California 
and the Rocky Mountains. The species occurs again in 
Japan, where it is known as Ari Bouki. A fi 
given in the thirtieth volume of the standard Japanese 
work, Phonzo Zoufou, at folio 12, recto. Nakai has 
recently announced the existence of an Eddnopanax in 
Corea, which he has described as E. elaf.u.<iy and as 
differing from E. horridus in having; umbellate in 



o 




of racemose umbellules. Although E horridus is very 
hardy, in so far as being capable of enduring severe cold 
is concerned, it has never been a success in the open 
ground at Kew owing to its habit of starting early into 
growth in spring under the stimulus of what, to' it, is 
unseasonable warmth. This early growth is almost 



destroyed by subsequent frost. The plant from 
which our plate was prepared was purchased from the 
nursery of the Messrs. Lemoine in 1909. Since then it 
has been planted in the open ground, but covered by a 
glass frame through the early spring months. Under 
this treatment, which affords sufficient protection to its 
young leaves, it has made a healthy plant, striking for 
its fine fohage and formidable armature. In the coast 
forests of North-west America the entangled prickly 
stems are described as a serious impediment to travel-. 



In the hemlock spruce forests of Japan it has been found 
by Professor Sargent growing freely in dense shade, a 
circumstance which suggests that the species might make 
a pleasing feature in damp shady spots in locaUties where 
the difficulty in regard to spring frosts need not be 
dreaded. 

Description.— SAru&, 3-10 ft. high. Stem closely armed 
with prickles, creeping below, leafy at the top 
petioled, palmately 



L 

9-lobed, 6-iO in. across, lobules 



pinnatifid and irregularly toothed, nerves prickly ; petiole 

Flowers umbellate ; umbels globose, 

panicles; rachis pric 



3 



long, prickly 

dense 



arranged in 

and densely hairy ; bracts suborbicular, fimbriate, de 

ciduous. Flowers shortly pedicelled, pale 



5 



lobes spinescent, the others very short 



Caly. 
Petal 



3, valvate, ovate or ovate-oblong, I in. long, acute and 
urved at the tip. Filaments glabrous 



1^1 




in. 



■g 



anthers oblong 



1 



m. 



long 



Styles 2, free, diverg 



1 

Tff 



in. 



g 



pressed, 
fruiting pedicels 



Fruit obovoid, sulcate, somewhat com 
long, pink, tipped by the persisting styles 



1 

3 



m. 



long 



Fi<T 1, a bract; 2, portion of a bract ; 3, flowers; 4, calyx; 5 and 6, stamens ; 
sketch of an entire plant -—all enlarged except 7, ivhich ts much reduced. 



r--^ 



ms 




M-S.afil.ja^^ibr^tjfl^ 



TEru»ntBrooi<sDa:/5c^orLLt cnp 



L Reeve &LC?Lon^lnn. 



Tab. 8573. 



HAMAMELIS vebnalis. 

L 

South-eastern JJnited States 



Hamamelioaceae, 



Hamamelis, Linn.; Bcnth. et IIool\ f. Gen, Plant, vol. i. p. 667. 



Hamamelis vernalis, Sargent in Trees d Shrubs^ vol. ii. p. 137, t. IfiC ; 
species H> virginianae^ Liun,, proxima sed praecox et stoloniferal 

Frutex deciduus, 1 • 5-2-metralis, stolonifer ; ramuli brunnei primum indu- 
ine'nto stellato induti, demum glabrati. Folia obovata vel elliptioa, 
irregulariter grosse crenata, apice obtusa vel acuta, basi cuneata vel 
oblique truncata, supra glabra vel secus nervos stellato-ioiiieatosa, subtus 
saepissime subglaucescentia et densius secus nervos tomentosa ; 5-10 cm. 
longa, 2 -5-7 '5 cm. lata; petiolus stellato-pilosus, 1-1 '5 cm. longus. 
Flares in glomerulos axillares aggregati; glomeruli 3-4-flori, pedunculis 
6 mm, longis fusco-tomentosis suffuiti. Calyx 4-Iobus ; lobi 3 mm. longi, 
rotundato-ovati, ciliati, intus rubri, extra pubescentes. Petala 4, lutea, 
1'2 cm, longa, margine sinuata, Cajpsula 2-valvis, 1"2 cm. longa; valvae 
lignosae. Semina fusca vel fere atra. — W. J. Bean. 



The Witch-hazel here described and figured is of gi^eat 
interest in that, although it is a native of North America, 
it resembles the Japanese species, Hamamelis japonica, 
Sieb. & Zucc, in flowering from midwinter to spring. 
Its nearest ally is, however, the North American 11. 
virginiana, Linn., which differs in coming into flower in 
autumn whilst still in full leaf. There are several other 
points which distinguish H, vernaUs, now figured, from 
H. vlrginiana ; H. vernalis has the calyx-lobes red on the 
inner face, has a more abundant and more persistent 
pubescence on the foliage and twigs, and has dull in place 
of glossy leaves, which are rather glaucous beneath. A 
still more striking difference is the habit of spreading by 
stolons, which causes a single plant of H. vernalis to 
become in time the centre of a thicket. H. vermlis was 
introduced to Kew from the Arnold Arboretum in 1909, 
two years before its claim to be considered a distinct 
species was established by Professor Sargent. It was, 
however, first discovered by Engelmann, on the banks of 
the Upper Maramea Eiver in Missouri in 1845, and has 
since then been met with in Arkansas and Louisiana* 

JSei'Tkmukr, 1914. 



It has perhaps been scarcely long enough in cultivation 
for its full value as a sarden shrub to be shown, but as 



yet it has hardly established a claim to equal in beauty 
the Japanese and Chinese species which form so charming 
a feature during the opening months of the year, for it 
has not flowered so abundantly as they habitually do, 
nor are the petals in the American plant of so bright a 
yellow. It thrives vigorously in loamy soil, and up io 
the present has been propagated by grafting on If. 
virginiana. 



^'^ 



Description^. — Shrub, up to 6 ft. high, deciduous, 

spreading by means of stolons ; twigs browii, clothed at 
first with a brown stellate pubescence which partially 
persists over the winter. Leaves obovate to elliptic, 
irregularly coarsely crenate, apex blunt or acute, base 
cuneate to obliquely truncate; glabrous above or with 
stellate hairs on the nerves; beneath usually slightly 
glaucous, the nerves more closely stellate hairy, especially 
when young; 2-4 in. long, 1-3 in. wide; petiole stellate- 
^i^iry> |-| in. long. Flowers in axillary clusters of 3-4, 
opening during December and January, on stout curved 
peduncles \ in. long, which are clothed with a reddish- 
brown pubescence. Calyx 4-lobed ; lobes roundish or 
ovate, \ in. long, dark-red within, margin ciliate, outside 
pubescent. Petals 4, yellow, J in. long, bent and wavy. 
Fruit a woody, 2-valved capsule, l in. long. Seeds dark- 
brown or almost black. 



Fig. 1, a leaf-bud ; 2, a flower ; 3, the same, petals rcmovca ; 4 anJ 5, anthers ; 
6, stammodfiB ; 7, vertical section of an ovary :—aU enlarged. 



85n 




X S.delJ.KFitcKJitK 



lucent Brooks.Day 5fcSonU^iinP 



X.Heev,«cC?Lonjd 



crL 



Tab. 8574. 

PIMELEA FERRUGINEA 

■ West Australia. 



Thymelaeaceae. Tribe Euthyjtelaeeae. 

J I 

riMELEA, Banhs; Bcntlu et Hooh.f, Gen, Plant vol. iii. p. 189 



Pimelea ferruginea, LabilL PI Nov. HolL vol. i. p, 10, t. 5 ; Benth. FL 
AuHtraL vol. vi. p. 10 ; species F. roseae, R. Br., affiuis sed foliis latioribus 
brevioribus apice subobtusis vel leviter mucronatis recedit. 

Frutex erectus, ramosus, usque ad 4-6 dm, alius, ramis glabris. Folia opposita 
et decussata, obovato- vei elliptieo-oblonga vel oblongo-oblanceolata, apice 
subobtusa vel leviter mucronata, basi leviter angustata, circitcr I'l cm. 
longa et 4 mm. lata, sessilia, margine plus minusve recurva, costa pagina 
superiore obscura inferiore subproininente, nervis lateralibua pagina utraque 
obscuris. Ca-pz7itZaterminaIia, globularia, multiflora ; iuvolucri bracteae 4, 
suborbiculares, apice acutae, 1 em. longae, 7 mm. latac, membranaceae, 
.coloratae, glabrae. Perianthii tubus cylindricus, 1*1 cm. longus, 1 '25 mm. 
diametro, superne leviter dilatatus, extra pilis numerosis iuferne longis 
pateutibus superne brevioribus adpressis obtectus, intus glaber; lobi 4, 
obiongi, apice rotundati, 3'5 mm. longi, 2*25 mm. lati, extra longe et 
adpresse pubescentes, iutus glabri. Stamina 2, filamentis 4 mm. longis, 
antheris 1 mm. longis. Discus hypogjnus, e lobis 4 minutissimis per 
paria connatis vel approximatis paribus perianthii lobis duobus interioribus 
oppositis confititutus. Ovarium oblongo-cylindricum, apice x-otundatum, 
1*5 mm. altum, 0*75 mm. diametro, gJabrum; stylus lateralis, 1 "2 cm. 
longus, glaber.— P. decussata^, E. Br. Prod. p. Z&9; Meissn. in PI. Preiss. 
vol. i. p. 602, vol. ii. p. 270, et in DC. Prod, vol, xiv. p. 502; Sweet, Fl. 
Austral, t. 8 ; Lodd. Bot. Cab. t, 1283 ; Maund, Botanist, t. 136. P. Jiosvd- 
folia, Lodd. Bot. Cab, 1. 1708. Hcterolacna decussata, C. A. Mey. in Bull. 
Acad. Petrop. voL iv. p. 73.— W. B. Tukrill. 



The Pimelea which forms the subject of our plate is an 
old garden plant more familiar in collections in the days 
when cultivators were emulous in the successful treatment 
of hard- wooded species than it appears to be no^y. It is 
a native of West Australia, in the southern parts of which 
colony it is widely distributed. Like many other widely 
spread species, I\ ferruginea varies somewhat in the 
colour of its flowers. In the plant which was the basis of 
our figure these are bright pink, but from the various 
coloured figures of the species which have been published 
we learn that the flowers may vary from a pale pink to 
a fairly deep red. The bracts subtending the heads of 
flowers arc of a grocnish-pink hue. The spreading white 

SErrKMBKu, 1914. 



hairs on the lower part of the perianth-tube impart a 
very distinctive appearance to the inflorescence. In the 
flowers of the genus Pimelm it has been said that there 
are no hypogynous scales such as occur in other Thyme- 
laeaceous genera like Daphne and Lasiadenia, This 
statement does not, however, hold universally, for in the 
species now described the scales, though very small, are 
nevertheless present in connate or approximate pairs at 
the base of the ovary and opposite the inner perianth 
segments. The cultural conditions most suitable for 
P. ferruginea are those required by Cape Heaths. At 
Kew it thrives well in a cool sunny greenhouse, where 
it flowers freely in spring. 

Description^-. — Shnth ; stems erect, branched, l-|-2 ft. 
high; branches glabrous. Leaces opposite, decussate, 
obovate-oblong or elliptic -oblong, or oblong-oblanceolate, 
somewhat blunt at the tip or slightly mucronate, rather 
narrowed towards the base, under ^ in. long, about | in. 
wide, sessile, margin more or less recurved, midrib hardly 
visible above, somewhat raised beneath, lateral nerves 
hardly visible on either face. Heads terminal, globose, 
many-flowered ; involucral bracts 4, suborbicular, acute, 
I" in. long, i in. wide, membranous, glabrous, greenish- 
pink. Perianth hypocrateriform ; tube cyhndric, under 
^ in. long, J^ in. wide, shghtly dilated upwards, densely 
clothed outside with white hairs long and spreading below, 
shorter and adpressed above, glabrous within ; lobes 4, 
oblong, rounded at the tip, | in. long, -^-^ in. wide, ad- 
pressed pubescent outside, glabrous within. ' Stamens 2 ; 
filaments I in, long; anthers very short. Disk hypo- 
gynous, composed of 4 minute lobes, connate or approxi- 
mate in pairs, opposite the two inner perianth lobes. 
Omri/ oblong-cyhndric, rounded at the tip, glabrous; 
style lateral, ^ in. long, glabrous. 



Fig. 1, a flouer^ 2 and 3, anthers ; 4, pistil -.all enlarged. 



8575 




MS.aeiJM.Fitr^^tk, 



Vm«ntBro^.I5ay iS^S<^-. t.i&^ 



lRfieve&C?Lon.dorv 



Tab. 8575. 



ACONITUM ROTUNDIFOLIUM. 



Western Central Asia, 



Eanunculaceae. Tribe Helleboeeae. 
AcoNiTUM, Linn. ; Benth, et HooJc. /. Ge?i, FlanL vol. iii, p- 9, 



Aconitum rotundifolium, Kar. et Kir, in Bull. Soc. Imp, Nat. Mosc. vol. xv. 
(1842), p. 139; Led. Fl. Boss. vol. i. p. 740. Begel in PL Badd. vol. i. 
p. 115, t, iii. fig. w, et in Gartenflora, vol. xxx. (1881), p. 357, t. 1063, 
fig. 2 ; Stajyf in Ann, Boy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta, vol. x. pars ii. p. 149, t. 99 ; 
inter species sectionis Napelli tuberum cambio disconfcinuo in cylindra 
tenuia plerumque 4 sparsa dissoluto distincfcum, colore florum mire 
variegato et nectarii cuculla antice admodum decurva insigne. 

Herha 15-40 cm, alta. Tubera gemJnata ; annotinum obconicum vel subcylin- 
dricum, 1-2-5 cm. longum, 6-8 mm. diametro, fibris longis munitum, in 
sectione transversa niveum, cortice tenui albido-fusca, cambio in cylindra 
tenuia 4-5 sparsa dissoluto ; horaotinum nigrescens. Caulis erectus vel 
ascendens, teres, crispo-pubescens vel pilis subpatulis superne villosulus, 
inferne glabrescens. Folia nonnulla basalia in rosellam dispositaj^longius- 
cule petiolata, in speciminibus spontaneis cum floribus coetanea, in cultis 
a me visis sub anthesi emarcida, nonnulla in caule aequaliter sparsa, petiolis 
sursum cito decrescentibus ; lamina ambitu orbiculari-cordata vel sub- 
reniformis, sinu angusto, e sinu ad apicem 1-3 '5 cm. alta, 2-6 cm. lata, 
ad f 5-7-palmati-partita, divisionibus late obovato-cuneatis, 3- vel 
exterioribus 2*lobis, lobis parce crenatis vel inciso-crenatis, crenis sub- 
obtusis vel interdum breviter acutis, foliorum superiorum minus divisa, 
lobis crenisque angustioribus, omnium glabra vel saepius magis minusve 
crispule pubescens. Inflorescentia ubique pubescens vel villosula e racemis 
in paniculam angustam collectis composita vel saepius racemum solitarium 
referens, racemi pauciflori; bracteae inferiores 5-3-partitae, segmentis 
angustis, superiores indivisae ; bracteolae 2, lineari-lanceolatae vel Imeares 
vel obsoletae ; pedicelli ad 2 cm. longi, suberecti. Sepala ex albido et 
viridi variegata, violaceo-venosa et saepe hinc inde purpureo- vel violaceo- 
suffusa, summum naviculare, magis minusve rostratum apice subacutum, 
curciter 18 mm. altum, pubescens; lateralia late oblique obovata vel 
rotundala, circiter 15 mm, longa; inferiora late oblonga, obtusa, 6-8 mm. 
longa. Nectaria ungue glabro velraro inferne piloso 15-16 mm. longo, cuculla 
antice admodum decurva vel horizontal! apice inflata, labio bifido cucuUam 
aequante vel paulo longiore. Filamenta basi latiuscula, superne tenmtet 
attenuata, dentata vel edentata, glabra, raro pilosa. Carpella o, sub 
anthesi arete conniventia, oblonga, abrupte in stylum contracta, albo- 
pilosa, plerumque pilis patulis niveis conspicuis, raro subglabra. J^olliculi 
oblongi; truncati, contigui, 9-13 mm. longi, plerumque pilosi Semina 
obpyramidata, S-angularia, 2 5-3 mm. loDga, angulismaequaliteralatis.— 
A,thianschaniciim, Rupr. Serb. Thiansch. p. 38. A. ohganthemum, k, 
Kern, in Ber. Naturvv. Ver. Innsbruck, vol. i, (1870), p. 119. .4. NapeUus 
var. rotundifolium, Hook. f. et Thorns, in Hook. f. Fl. Bnt. Ind. vol, u 
p. 29,— O. Staff. 

The Aconite which is Iiere figured is one of the most 

characteristic of those met with in Western Central Asia, 

Skptember. 1914. 



whence it extends into Northern Afghanistan, Baltistan 
and Northern Bashahr. The tubers are very small as 



compared with most of its congeners and are of indifferent 



taste ; they produce none of the tingling sensation which 
distinguishes the poisonous Aconites. It has a consider- 
able altitudinal range, and on the Pensi-la it has been 
met with growing at 17,000 feet above sea-level ; at these 
high altitudes, however, it becomes much dwarfed. The 
plant from which the material for this plate of Aeon hum. 
rotund if olhim has been obtained was purchased in 1912 
from Messrs. Kegel & Kesselring of St. Petersburg, by 



whom it was issued as A. albo-viofaceum, which is, however, 
a member of the section Lycoctonum. Grown in an open 
border at Kew the plant flowered in July under the 
conditions most suited for other members of the genus ; 
it did not, however, survive the winter. The specimen 
figured was not quite typical, the ultimate leaf -segments 
being more acute than usual, the filaments and claws of 



the nectaries being slightly hairy and the ovaries being 



nearly glabrous. Similar variations, however, may 
occasionally be observed in herbarium collections. 

Description^.— //^r/;, 6-16 in. high; tubers geminale; 
that of the new season obconic or subcylindric, ^1 in. 
l^"g' i-4 in. across, beset with long fibrils, in cross- 
section white, cortex thin pale tawny, the cambium 
broken up into 4-5 thin scattered cylinders ; old tuber 
blackish ; stems erect or ascending, terete, crisply hairy 
or villous upwards with somewhat spreading*^ hairs, 
glabrescent below. Leaves-, some basal arranged in a 
rosette, with rather long petioles, in wild specimens 
appearing with the flowers, in cultivated plants already 
withering before the flowers open, others regularly dis- 
posed along the stem, the petioles rapidly shortening 
upwards ; lamina in outline orbicular-cordate or somewhat 
reniform wdth a narrow sinus, ^-1-^ in. long from sinus to 
tiP» l~^ in. wide, palmately 5-7-partite to |ths the 
length of leaf -blade, the segments wide obovate-cuneatc, 
3-lobed, or the outermost 2-lobed, lobes sparingly crenate 
or inciscd-crenate, the crenations rather blunt or some- 
times shortly acute ; segments of the upper leaves less 
divided, with narrower lobes and crenations. all glabrous 



often 



less crispatcly pubescent. Injl^ 



pubescent or somewbat villous tbrougliout, made up of 



few racemes aggregated 



TOW 



panicle or often 



reduced to a single raceme : racemes few-flowered : lo^v 



obsolete 



m. 



g, suberect 



Sep 



bracts 3-5-partite with narrow segments, upper bracts 
undivided; bracteoles 2, linear-lanceolate or linear or 

pedicels up to f 
greenish-white with violet veins and somewhat flushed 
with purple or violet, the uppermost hooded, more or less 
beaked, somewhat acute-tipped, about | in. long, pubes- 

lateral widely obliquely obovate or rounded, about 

Nectaries with a claw about -^- in. long, glabrous or occasion- 
ally pilose below, hood somewhat decurved in front or 
horizontal and inflated at the tip, lip 2-fid as long as or 
rather longer than the hood. Filaments rather wide- 
based, becoming much narrowed upwards, toothed or 



cent ^ 

2 in. long; the lower wide-oblong, blunt ' 



in. long 



not, glabrous or 



aUy hairy. Carpels 5, closely 



flower, oblong, suddenly narrowed 
style, white pilose, usually the white spreading^ hairs 
conspicuous, occasionally very few " " 
truncate, closely set, ^-^ in. long, usually pilose 



Fi 



bpyramidal, 3-angled 
winged. 



2 

10 



oblong, 

Seed 



1 

8 



g, the angles unequally 



stamen 



all enlarged. 





M-S-dftUKFiVWiftv 



^^jicentBroolcpas^ S^Sor^V^^ 




SLC9LonAoTv. 



Tab. 8576. 



TILLANDSIA Benthamiana, var. Andrieuxii 



Central America. 



Beomeliaceae. Tribe Tillandsieae. 

•-■_ 

TiLLANDSiA, hinnr^ Bentlu et HooTc, f. Oen. Plant, vol. iii, p. 669; Baker, 
Handh. Bromel, t). 157 : Mez in DC. Monoqr, Phan. vol. ix. p. 633. 



Tillandsia Benthamiana, Klotzsch ex Beer, Bromeh p. 263, ex BaTcer^ Journ. 
BoL 1888, p. 15 et Handb. Bromel, p. 199, et ex Mez in DC, Monogr. 
Phan. vol. ix. p. 735: var. Andrieuxii, Mez I.e. p. 736; varietas a 
T. Benthamiana typica floribus minoribus, petalia purpureis, scapi vagina 
breviter acuta, bracteisque superioribus apice rotundatis apte distinguenda. 

Herha succulenta, subacaulis, epiphytica. Folia dense subrosulata, numerosa, 
e basi ovato-lanceolata sensim attenuata superne ensiformi-acuminata, 
15 cm. longa, basi 1*2 cm., supra basin 6 mm. lata, crassiora, subrlgida, 
margine subincurva, superiora erecta vol adscendentia, inferiora recurva, 
utrinque papillis patentibus vesiculosis dense vestita. Scapus 7-15 cm. 
longus, foliis saepius brevior, raro folia subaequans ; bracteae foliaceac 
congestae. Inflorescentia spicata; spica oblonga, 7 cm. longs., 3 '75 cm. 
lata; bracteae florales ovatae, apice rotundatae, roseae, albo-lepidotae, 

2 cm. longae. Sepala ovata, acuta, 1 cm. longa. Petala oblanceolata, 

3 cm. longa, intense violacea, apice breviter recurva. Stamina minopcre 
exserta ; filamenta filiformia ; antherae 3 mm. longae, luteae. Ovarium 
conicum, glabrum ; stylus stamtaibus aequilongus ; stigmata brevia, laxe 
contorta.— C. H. Wright. 



The Tillandsia here depicted was received at Kew in 
1912 from Mr. C. H. Lankester, Cachi, Costa Kica, along 
with a number of orchids collected in that country. It 
has been cultivated in a tropical house, where it flowered 
in June, 1913, and admitted of the preparation of our 
plate. It thrives well under the treatment given to 
other small epiphytic species of the genus. The species 
of which our plant is a marked variety appears to be 
rather widely spread in Mexico and is described as having 
white sepals and greenish petals. The variety now 
figured was first met with by Mr* G. Andrieux at Chalco 
in Mexico, where it was epiphytic on a Quercus. T. Ben- 
thamiana is most nearly allied to T. dianthoidea, Eossi, a 
species which is not uncommon in stove collections ; one 
form of the species has been figured at t. 5246 of this 
work as T. reciirvifolia, Hook. The two varieties of 2\ 

September, 1914. 



\ 



Denthamiana are, however, easily distinguished from the 
various forms of T. dianthoidea by the much longer corolla 



and the character of the indumentum on the leaves. 



In 



T. Benthamiana the adpressed scales met with on the 
leaves of many Bromeliads are replaced by thick vesicular 
hairs, and it is to the presence of these that the typical 
plant and the variety here described owe their shaggy 
aspect. 



Description. — Herb, succulent 



Pli>^ 



stemless, epi 



bic. Leaves densely clustered, numerous, gradually 
ensiform-acuminate upwards from an ovate-lanceolate 
base, 6 in. long, ^ in. wide at the base 
rather thick and firm. 



mar 



\ in. wide above, 
htly incurved, the 
uppermost leaves erect or ascending, the lowest recurved, 
all densely clothed on both faces with spreading vesicular 



papiU 



Scape 3-6 



leaves; leafy bracts 



long, usually shorter than the 



gested . Infl 



picate 



oblong, 3 in. long, 1^ in. across ; flowering bracts 

with rounded tips, rosy pink, white-lepidote, | in. long 

Sepals ovate, acute, i in. long. Petals oblanceolate, \\ 

in. long, deep violet, slightly recurved at the tip 

Stamens little exserted ; filaments filiform : anthers 4- in 
long 







conic, glabrous ; style as long as 



the stamens ; stigmas short, loosely twisted 



Fig, 1, portion of a leaf ; 2, vesicular hairs, or modified scales, from leaf ; 
3, cal^x ; 4, corolla ; 5 and 6, anthers ; 7, pistil :—all enlarged. 



f. 



dTourtl) 



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Tab. 8577.— IXORA UMBELLATA. 
„ 8578.-CYTISUS PALLIDUS. 

„ 8579.— TRICHOCAULOJSr PICTUM 
„ 8580.— INDIGOFERA KIRILOWII 



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I . 



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^t':aTitBroc>35t)ay^-^^ 



■r td^trtC 



Tab. 8577. 



IXORA UMBELLATA 



Java. 



RuBiACEAE. Tribe Ixoreae. 
IxoRA, Linn. ; Benth. et Hooh. /. Qen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 113 



tr 



Ixora umbellata. Valet, ex Koord. S Valet, in Medecl. 's Lands Plantenf. 
vol lix (1902), p. 162; Valet, in Ic. Bogor. vol. ii. t. clxxxiu. ; atlinis 
I. conges tae, Eoxb., sed foliis latioribus floribus albis calycis lobis multo 
majoribus imbrioatis dififert. 

Frutex ramosua ; rami teretes, oirciter 5 mm. crassi, glabri. Folia elliptica 
vel oblongo-elliptica, apice breviter et obtuse acuminata, basi rotundata, 
15-25 cm. longa, 7-11 cm. lata, Integra, membranaceo-chartacea, glabra ; 
costa media supra plana, infra prominens, ad apicem laminae gradatim 

, attenuata; nervi laterales utrinsecus 15-17. arcuati, graoiles, mtra 
marginem valde ramosi, utrinque distincti, mf ra prommuli ; venao 

■ laxissimae; petioli 1-1-5 cm. longi; stipulae in tubum 0-5 cm. longum 
connatae, intra glandis linearibus 1 ■ 5 mm. longis mstructae. Flores 
albi, in corymbos terminales circiter 15 cm. expanses dispositi ; bracteolae 
obovato-oblongae, obtusae, circiter 2-5 mm longae breviter ciliatae 
Bcceptaculum obconicum, 1-25 mm. altum, glabrum. Ca?7/^ alte lobatus 
lobi valde imbricati, late ovati, 1-75 mm. longi, ciliati. Corollae tubus 
gracilis, ad apicem pauUulum latior, 3 cm longus, extra glaber, fauce 
tenuiter villosus ; limbus 2 cm. expansus, demum_ reflexus ; lobi 4 ob- 
lanceolato-oblongi, apice rotundati, 7-8 mm. longi 4 mm. lati gla^ri. 
Antherae exsertae, 4 mm. longae, acute acuminatae. Discus lobatus. 
Stylus exsertuB, glaber, ramis 1 • 75 mm. longis.— J. Hutchinson. 



4 

The Ixora here figured has been in cultivation at Kew 
since 1889, in which year it was presented to the collec- 
tion by the late Dr. Treub, the distinguished Director ot 
the Botanic Garden at Buitenzorg in Java, of which 
island it is a native, though it appears now to be very 
rare there in a wild state. The most recent record of its 
occurrence as a wild species is one by Dr. Hallier, by 
whom it was met with in a wood near Depok, south of 
Batavia. Its nearest ally in the genus appears to be 
/. congesta, Roxb., a native of Burma and Malaya, figured 
at t. 4325 of this work as 7. Griffitkii, Hook., which, 
however, differs from 7. umbellata in havuig red flowers. 
In a tropical house at Kew T. umhellata forms a large 
branching shrub which flowers freely in May and June. 

OCTOBEE', 1914. 



Desceiption. — Shrub, much branched; twigs terete 
about i in. thick, glabrous. Leaves elliptic or oblong- 
elliptic, apex shortly and bluntly acuminate, base 
rounded, margin entire, thinly papery, glabrous, 6-10 in. 
long, 3-4^ in. wide; midrib smooth above, raised 
beneath, gradually narrowed to the tip of the leaf; 
lateral nerves 15-17 on each side the midrib,^ curved, 
slender, much branched within the margin, visible on 
both sides and raised on the underside ; veins very lax ; 
petiole J -| in. long ; stipules connate in a tube i in. long, 
beset within with long linear glands. Flowers white, 
arranged in terminal corymbs about 6 in. across; 
bracteoles .obovate-oblong, obtuse, about yV in. long, 
shortly ciliate. Receptacle obconic, short, glabrous. 
Calyx deeply lobed ; lobes much imbricate, wide-ovate, 
ciHate. Corolla tube slender, slightly widened at the 
mouth, \\ in. long, glabrous outside, throat slightly 
villous ; limb | in. wide, at length reflexed ; lobes 4, 



oblanceolate-oblong, rounded at the tip, \ in. long, \ in. 



wide, glabrous. Anthers exserted, -^ in. long, acutely 
acuminate. Disk lobed. Style exserted, glabrous, 
branches under -^-^ in. long. 



4 

Fig. 1, flowers ; 2, longitudinal section of calyx and ovary ; 3, Bection of 
»per portion of corolla ; 4, stigma : — all enlarged. 



8616 




K.S.deU.TT.KtcKlitti. 



^VSTvaentBrcol<sl3ay &SoaLt*i^ 



L.Reeve at C? London. 



Tab, 8578. 



CYTISUS PALLIDUS 



Canary Islands, 



Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae, 

m 

Cytisus, Linn. ; Benth. et HooJc, f. Gen. Plant, vol. i, p. 484. 



L 

Cytisus pallidus, Poir. Encycl, Meth. SuppL vol. ii. p. 442; species a 
Ci linifolio, Linn., cui valde affinis, foliolis latioribus facile distinguenda. 

Frutex 1-2-metralis. Eamuli juventute sericei, mox laxius adpresse argenteo- 
pubescentes, cortice viridi obtecti, pluri-sulcati. Folia trifoliolata, petiolo 
1-3 mm. longo simul ac ramulis pubescente suffulta ; stipulae plus minuave 
persistentes, angustae, usque ad 5 mm. longae, sericeae ; foliola oblaaceolata 
vel angustius oblanceolata, apice breviter acute acuminata, basi in petio- 
lulum breve attenuata, l'8-4-5 cm, longa, 3-7 mm. lata, chartacea, pagina 
superiore laxius adpresse pubescentia, viridia, inferiore sericea, costa supra 
leviter immersa subtus prominula, nervis lateralibus baud conspicuis, 
margine saepe parum recurvo. Flares in racemnm terminalem laxe 
capituliformem plerumque circiter 10-florum dispositi ; bracteae deciduae ; 
pedicelli vix 5 mm. longi, sericei; bracteolae angustae, circiter 8 mm. 
longae. Calycis extra sericei tubus 2 mm. longus ; lobi duo supremi 
5' 5 mm. longi, 2 mm. lati, tres infimi in unum tridentatum connati. 
Vexillum elliptico-ovatum, apice emarginatum, 14-5 mm. longum, 10 mm. 
latum, extra ad nervos adpresse albo-pubescens, ungui 2*5^ mm. longo; 
alae vix 12 mm. longae, 4'5 mm. latae, ungui 



ungui 2*5 mm. longo, 

auricula 1*25 "mm. longa. Antherae difformes, longiores 1-5 mm,, 
breviores 1 mm. longae. Ovarium 4 mm. altura, sericeum, stylo superne 
glabro stigmate minuto.— C. linifolius, Lamk., var. pallidus, Briquet 
Cytises Alpes Marit., p. 140. Teline linifolia, Webb et Berth., var, 
latifolia, Webb et Berth. Phyt. Canar. vol. ii. p. 42, Genista splendens, 

Webb et Berth. Lc. p. 42, t. 43.— W. G. Craib. 



The shrub here figured is one that has been raised 
from seed presented to Kew in 1912 by Dr. G. V. Perez 
of Puerto Orotava, Teneriffe, under the name Genista 
splendens, which is that given to it by Messrs. Webb and 
Berthelot on the plate on which it is depicted in their 
work on the Canaries. In the text of their work, how- 
ever, it is referred by these authors to the genus Teline 
and treated as a variety of what is now once more 
regarded as Cytisus linifolius, Lamk. More recently 
Professor Briquet has returned to the same view and 
there is no question that C linifolius is the nearest ally 
of C. pallidusj while there is little doubt that Mr. Craib is 

October, 1914, 



fully justified in treating the latter as a distinct species. 
In the Temperate House at Kew C. pallidus has formed 
a freely branching shrub four feet high, pleasing on 
account of the silvery pubescence of its leaves and for 
its terminal clusters of slightly fragrant yellow flowers, 
which appear in April. Under suitable conditions it is 
likely to reach twice to thrice the height mentioned, so 
that it can only be conveniently grown in a large 
greenhouse. 

Description.— ^SArzf^* 4-10 ft. high ; twigs silky when 

young, soon loosely adpressed silvery-pubescent; bark 
green, striate. Leaves 3-foliolate ; petiole i-l| in. long, 
pubescent Hke the twigs ; stipules more or less persistent, 
narrow, \ in. long, silky ; leaflets oblanceolate or narrow- 
oblanceolate, shortly sharply acuminate, narrowed at the 
base into a short petiolule, |-lf in. long, \-\ in. wide, 
papery, rather loosely adpressed-pubescent on the upper 
surface, green silky on the under surface, midrib slightly 
nnpressed above and raised beneath, lateral nerves not 
prominent, margin often slightly recurved. Flowers 
arranged in loosely clustered terminal 10-flowered 
racemes; bracts deciduous; pedicels about -J^ in. long, 
silky Hke the calyx ; bracteoles narrow, about ^ in. long. 
talya; somewhat 2-labiate ; tube ^^ in. long ; the two 

upper lobes l in. long, ^V in. wide, the three lower 
connate m a 3-toothed lip. Standard elliptic-ovate, 
emargmate at the tip, over | in. long, over 4 in. wide 



outside white-pubescent with adpressed hairs along the 
nerves; claw ^V in. long. Wings under I in. long, ^ in. 
wide ; claw tV in. long. Keel distinctly auriculate, under 

\ ^^5* 1^' ^ ^^* ^^^®' ^i^^y outside; claw yV in. long. 
Anthers long and short. Ovarij I in. long, silky ; style 
glabrous upwards ; stigma minute. 



brSLlP>P°?T- °^ ^ l^f ^'/ ?• ^"'*^^' *t« petals removed, stowing the three 
LToti'L^aV 2,^.1^ ' *' ^''^^-^''-^^ •' 5. pistil ; 6, longitudinafsection of 



8579 













4 





3 



M.S ael,a.>T "FHfj"KlitK 



l^.^eesve £cC? London. 



VItlc entBTTo o'kjsX' ay & Son. L.t?"imp 



Tab. 8579. 



■I 



TRICHOCAULON pictum. 



Little Namaqiialand . 



AscLEPiADACEAE, Tribe Stapelieae, 

■ 

Trtchocaulon, N. E. Br. in Journ. Linn, Soc. vol. xvii. p, 164. 



1 



Trichocaulon pictum, N. E, Br. in Kew Bulletin, 1909, p. 307 ; aflSnis 
T, cactiformi, N. E. Br., sed corona in tubuin distinctum baud inclusa et 
cororiae interioris lobis supra antheras productis dififert. 

Herba ; caulis subglobosus vel cylindrico-oblongus, obtusissimus, simplex vel 
basi tantum parce ramosns, 4-7 cm. longus, 4-5 cm. crassus, irrcgulariter 
tessellato-tuberculatus, glaber, tuberculis 6-10 mm. diametro obtusissimis 
primum minute apiculatis. Flores fasciculati, erecti, fasciculis 2-4-floris. 
Pedicclli 2 mm. longi, glabri. Sepala 1-1*5 mm. longa, late ovata, acuta, 
glabra. Corolla 9 mm. diametro, extra levig, intra minute rugulosa, glabra, 
albida punctis et lineis brevibus numerosis purpureis notata ; tubus late 

{>atelliformis vel subplanus; lobi patentissimi, 2*5 mm. longi, 3 mm. lati, 
ate dcltoideo-ovati, acuti. Corona exterior 5-Ioba; lobi 1'5 mm. longi, 
trifidi vel bifidi cum denticulo intermedio interjecti, fere ad sinum corollae 
attingentes, pallide lutescentes, purpureo-maculati. Coyonae interioris 
lobi 1"5 mm. longi, lineares, acuti, antheras excedentes apicibus conni- 
venti-erectis, lutescentes, purpmreo-marginati. — N. E, Brown, 



The remarkable plant which is. here depicted is one of 
a small group of species of Trichocaulon which, as regards 
their stems, resemble one another so closely that when 
out of flower they might pardonably be mistaken for 
forms of the same species. Yet they are so distinct as 
regards the colour and the structure of their flowers that 
they cannot with propriety be treated as conspecific. 
The extent of the difference between one such form and 
another may be best realised if the figure now given of 
T. pictum be compared with that of 7! cactiforme, N. E. Br., 
figured, as Stapelia cactiformis^ at t. 4127 of this magazine. 
T. pictum was originally discovered in Little Namaqua- 
land by Dr. R. Marloth. It was met with again by 
Professor H. H. W. Pearson in the same country, during 
the course of the Percy Sladen expedition, on the north- 
western slopes of quartzite hills south-west of Chubiessis, 
and the plant from which our drawing has been made is 






one of those included in a magnificent, collection of 



October, 1914. 



succulent plants received from ProfessoV Pearson as part 
of the fruits of his journey. It has thriven well in the 
Tropical Succulent House at Kew and flotvered here for 
the first time in June, 1912. 



Descriptiq]^ 



Ihrh 



stem subglobose or cylindric 



oblong, very blunt, simple or sparingly branched at the 



very base 




3 in. 



g 



li-2 



in. thick 



tessellately tubercled, glabrous ; tubercles 



1 



1 

3 



igularly 
in. wide. 



y blunt, at first minutely apiculate. Flowers fascicled 



fascicles 2-4-flowered. Pedicels 



1 

T2 



m. 



g, glab 



4m 



rous. Sepals small, wide-ovate, acute, glabrous. Corolla 

ross, smooth externally, minutely rugulose within, 
glabrous, whitish but marked with many close-set purple 
dots and short streaks ; tube wide-patellif orm or almost 
flat ; lobes spreading, ^V in. long, over ^V in. wide, broadly 



deltoid 



Outer corona 5-lobed : lobes short 



trifid or bifid with a short intermediate tooth, almost 
reaching the sinuses between the corolla lobes, pale 
yellowish blotched with purple. Inner corona with short, 
linear, acute lobes rather larger than the anthers, their 
tips erect-connivent, yellowish with purple margins. . 



Fig. I, calyx from which the corolla has fallen; 2, a flower; 3, corona; 
4, pollen-masses -.—all enlarged. 



65m 




% 



■ i.=-_ 



■M:.S.aeU.-KHtdh^iU 



Ui 



y-:r.cervL Erc,ol<r;Pdy&SanLt?i^ 



L.Keew,5.C^LoT..a 



an. 



Tab. 8580. 
INDIGOFERA Kirilowii 

N. China. 



r 

Leguminosae. Tribe Galegeae. 
Indigofkra, Linn. ; Be7it7u et HooJc. f. Gen. Plant vol. i. p, 494. 



y 



Indigofera Kirilowii, Maxim, ex Palihin in Act. Hort Pefrop. vol, xvii. 
p. 62, t* 4 (speciebus nonnuUia citatis exclusis) ; Craib in Notes Roy. Bot. 
Gar d. E din. n. xxxvi. p. 66; ab aflini /. elliptica^ Eoxb,, pedunculo 
corumuni petiole longiore facile distinguenda. 

Frutex] ramulig juventute pilia perpaucis albis brevibus medifixis instructi, 
Cito omnino glabri, parum angulati, cortice mox tenuiter striate obtecti. 
Folia 7-9-foliolata, ad 12 cm. (petiolo excluso) longa, petiolo 1*2-3 "2 cm. 
longo simul ac rhachi supra canaliculato et nisi juventute glabro suffulta; 
Btipulae circiter 7 mm. longae, angustae, acutae, diutius persistentes ; 
foliola saepissime opposita, elliptica vel rotundato-elliptica, apice obtusa 
vel rotundata, mucronata, basi cuneata ad rotundato-cuneata, usque ad 
8 cm. longa et 2*5 cm. lata, chartacea vel tenuiter chartacea, pagina 
ntraque pilis albis medifixis adpressis sparse instructa, nervis lateralibus 
utrinsecus circiter 6 pagina utraque conspicuis, nervis transversis 
praesertim subtus uti reticulatione conspicuis, petiolulo 2-3 ' 5 mm. 
longo suffulta; stipellae petiolulo dimidio breviores. Racemi ex axillis 
bene infra apicem ramulorum orti, folia superantes, pedunculo communi 
petiolo circiter dupio longiore Buflfuiti ; bracteae deciduae ; pedicelli 3-4 mm. 
longi, ut rhachi glabri ; corolla in alabastro nisi summo apice et ad vexilli 
margines glabra. Calyx glaber; tubus 2 mm, longus, lobo longissimo 
aequilongus. Vexillum oblongo-ellipticum, 1-7 cm. longum, 1 cm. latum, 
ciliatum; alae 2 '75 mm, latae, vexillo parum breviores, ciliatae; carina 
acuminata, vexillo aequialta, ciliata. Antherae insigniter apiculata, apice 
basique ciliis pauois instructae. Ovarium compi'essura, glabrum, circiter 
8-ovulatum, stylo glabro stigmate capitato. — I. viacrosiacJiya, Bunge, 
Enum. PL Chin. Bor. p. 16; Franch. PL David, p. 82 ; Fo»bes et HemsL 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxiii, p. 157 partim ; vix Vent. — W. G. Craib* 



The Indigofera here figured is a species represented in 
the Kew collection by examples received from two distinct 
sources. In one case the collection owes the plant to 
the kindness of Mr. M. L. de Vilmorin, who has con- 
tributed it from his garden at Les Barres. In the other 
it is indebted for the plant to the kindness of Professor 
Sargent of the Arnold Arboretum- The material for 
our illustration has been taken from the latter plant. 
The native habit of /. Kirilowii includes Chihli, Shenking 
and Shantung in Northern China ; it also extends into 
Korea. Bunge, who first had to deal with this plant, 
referred it doubtfully to /. macro stachija^ Vent., which has, 
however, more numerous leaflets, much smaller flowers 
and a short common peduncle. The fact that A Kirilowii 

OOTOliER, 1914. 



differs from /. macrostachya was first observed by Maximo- 
wicz, though this observation was not pubHshed until 
after Maximowicz' death. The species is very attrac- 
tive on account of its delicately coloured flowers which 
continue to develop in succession from the leaf-axils 
during June and July as the shoots lengthen. These 
shoots die back almost to the ground-level during the 
winter, but the plant can be propagated by making 
cuttings of them in the late summer. 7. Kirilowii prefers 
a warm loamy soil and a sunny position. 

Description. — Shrub ; twigs usually dying back, when 
young bearing a few short white hairs attached by their 
centres, soon quite glabrous, slightly angular, bark soon 
striate. Leaves 7-9-foliolate, up to 5 in. long not 
including the leaf-stalk which is ^-1|- in. long, is 
channelled above like the rhachis, and is glabrous save 
when young; stipules about \ in. long, narrow, acute, 
rather long-persisting ; leaflets usually opposite, elliptic 
or rounded- elliptic, obtuse or rounded at the tip, mu- 
cronate, cuneate or rounded-cuneate at the base, up to 
I5 in. long and 1 in. wide, papery or thinly papery, both 
surfaces sparingly beset with short white centrally 
attached hairs, lateral nerves about 6 on each side the 
midrib, visible both above and below, tranverse nerves 
visible like the reticulation especially beneath ; petiolules 
iV-f in. long ; stipels a half shorter than the petiolules. 
Racemes in the axfls of leaves well down the twigs, larger 
than the leaves, with a common peduncle about twice as 
long as the petiole; bracts deciduous; pedicels \-\ in. 
long, glabrous like the rhachis ; corolla glabrous in 
bud except at the very tip and on the margin of the 
standard. Calyx glabrous ; tube J^ in. long, as long as 
the longest tooth. Standard oblong-elliptic, f in. long, 
I in. wide, ciliate ; wings \ in. wide, rather shorter than 
the standard, ciliate; keel acuminate, as long as the 
standard, ciliate. Anthers very apiculate, with a few 
ciliae at the apex and at the base. Ovary compressed, 

glabrous, about 8-ovuled ; style glabrpus ; stigma capi- 
tate. 



Fig. 1, flower with petals removed ; 2, standard ; 8, wings ; 4, keel ; 5 and 6 
anthers \~all cnlarfjcd. 



S581 




s 



M- S ceLJ.]S\KtchlitK 



*\^ic-JAtBroo>=^P3Ly ''^- ^° 






.L.t;^e«r/P A: 09LoMojt. 



Tab. 858L 



AGAVE BEACTEOSA 



Northern Mexico. 



Amaeyllidace^ve. Tribe Agaveae. 

Agave, Linn.; Bcntlu et Hook, /. Gen, Plant, vol. iiL p. 738; Bal'ci% IlamJh^ 
AniarylL p. 163. 



Agave bracteosa, S. Wats, ex Engelm. in Gard, Citrons^ 1882, vol. xviiL 
p. 776, fig. lo8-139; S, Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xviii. p. 162 
(1883); Bakt{9. Handb. Amaryll. p, 192; Hemsh in Biol. Centr.-Amcr. 
vol. iii. p, 340; species A. pruinosaef Lemaire, affinis, sed planta acaul- 
escente foliisque e basi dilatata ad apicem gradatim attenuatis differt. 

Frutex; acaulescens. Folia circiter 50 rosulatim disposita, e ba.si 6 cm. latE 
et 1'5 cm- crassa ad apicem longe acuminatum gradatim attenuata, 
60 cm. loQga, supra basin 3'5 cm. lata, primum sursum curvata, demum 
valide decurva, pUtno-convexa, marginibus tenuibus minute denseque 
albo-dentatis, subscabrida. Pedunculus 12 dm. altus; bi'acteae plures, 
subulatae, recurvatae, ad 15 cm. longae; spica 60 cm. longa, denaiflora. 
Periantliium viride, segnientis albo-marginxitis ; tubus brevissimus ; 
segmenta ox'^ato-oblonga, obtusa, patentia, 12 mm. longa, 7 mm. lata. 
Filamenta filiformia, alba, 6 cm. longa; antherae oblongae, luteae, 8 mm. 
longae. Ovarium fusiforme, viride, 15 mm. longae, 5 mm. diametro ; 
stylus albus, stamina demum paulo superans; stigma punctiforme. 
Caj)Bida oblonga, obtusa, 2 cm. longa. — C- H. Weight. 



The Agave which forms the subject of our illustration 
is a very distinct species belong to the section Littaeay 
which dififers from A. pruinosa, Lemaire, where the leaves 
are also finely dentate, in having the leaves gradually 
tapered upwards from a short thickened base, whereas 
in A. pridnosa the leaves are oblong-oblanceolate, and 
are four inches broad or broader above the middle, but 
contract to two and a half inches or less just above the 
base. When first described A. bracteosa was believed to 
have about fifteen leaves in its rosette, but under culti- 
vation the plants have developed many more. A. bracteosa 
was discovered by Dr. E. Palmer about fifteen miles 
from Monterey in the province of Nuevo Leon in Northern 
Mexico, and was introduced by him to the Harvard 
Botanic Garden, where it flowered for the first time in 
188L It was met with again by Mr. Pringle in the same 
district in June 1889, growing on *dry calcareous moun- 
tain walls.' The plant from which the material for our 

OCTOUER, 1914. 



figure has been obtained was received at Kew in 1888 
from the Botanic Garden at Washington. It flowered 
here for the first time in the Succulent House in July 
1910, and a second plant of the same batch has flowered 
in the same month in 1914. Before perishing the 1910 
plant matured seeds from which a supply of seedlings 
have been raised. The facies of this species renders it 
very distinct among the Agaves ; the younger leaves 
show a strong sigmoid upward curve ; afterwards they 
become strongly decurved. Another Agave with a some- 
what similar appearance is A. yuccaefolia, DC, figured at 
t. 5213 of this work. This species differs, however, from 
A. hracieosa in having a short stem. Its yellow filaments, 
flushed with red, are much shorter in proportion to the 
size of the perianth than is the case in A. hracteosa. 

Description. -^5'//r«// ; almost stemless. Leaves about 
50 in a basal rosette, 2.J in. wide and | in. thick at the 
base, just above the base abruptly narrowed to 1| in., 
thence gradually tapering to a long acuminate tip, at first 
curved upwards, at length strongly decurved, plano-con- 
vex, the thin margins closely and finely white-denticulate, 
rather scabrid. Pole 6 ft. high, the peduncle 4 ft., the 
spike 2 ft. long ; bracts numerous, subulate, up to 6 in. 
long, recurved; spike dense-flowered. Perianth green, 
segments white-margined, ovate-oblong, obtuse, spread- 
mg, 1 in. long, I in. wide ; tube very short. Filaments 
filiform, white, 2i in. long ; anthers oblong, yellow, ^ in. 
long. Ovary fusiform, green, f in. long, I in wide ; style 
white, ultimately rather longer than the stamens ; stigma 
minute. Capsule oblong, obtuse, | in. long. 



Fig. 1, portion of leaf -edge; 2 and 3, anthers: 4, stigma;- 5, sketch of an 
entire plant ■—all enlarged cxcejpt 5, wJdch is much reduced. 




jTotivtlj ^rn'fS. 




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. 119. 




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BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 

CONTENTS OF No. 119, NOVEMBER, 1914. 



1 



Tab. 8582.— COELOGYNE BRACHYPTERA. 



r> 



if 



jf 



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8583.— ECHINOCACTUS MTNUSCULUS, 
8584.— NOTHOFAGUS CUNNINGHAMII. 
8585.— LONICERA FRAGRANTISSlMA. 
8586.— PRIMULA VITTATA. 



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8562 



m: s . d«n . j.N.Piu Jviith. 




V5^«r4Brooks,Da^*SoaLtf^ 



'*'*es 



— -re*-^ 



XI^QOve AC^Londoa 



Tab. 8582, 



COELOGYNE bbachypteka 



Burma. 



Orchidaceae, Tribe Epidendrej 



CoELOGYNE, LindL ; BentK et Hoo'k. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p, 518. 



Coelogyne brachyptera, Reichb. /. in Gard, CJiron. 1881, vol. x\l. p. 6; 
Hook.f, FL BHt. Ind, vol, v. p. 842; Pfitz. in Engl. Pflanzenr. — Orch,- 
Coelog, p. 78 ; species C Parishiiy Hook, f . quam maxime aflinis, scd labelli 
disco aurantiaco nee dense papilloso differfc. 

Herba epipliytica, Pseudohulbi elongati, subtetragoni, basi paiillo incrassati, 
9-15 cm. longi, basi vaginis ovato-spathaceis tecti, apice diphylli. Folia 
elliptico-lauceolata, subacuta,plicata, 12-15 cm. longa. Scapi terininales, 
erecti, basi vaginis lanceolatis imbricatis obtecti, 15-18 cm, longi ; racemi 
circiter 7-flori. Bracteae lanceolatae, acutae, concavaej 2*5-3 cm. longae. 
Pedicelli 2-2*5 cm. longi, persistentes. Flores speciosi, flavo-nrides, 
labelli disco aurantiaco. Sepala patentia; posticum ovato-lanceolat^nn, 
subacutum, 3-3 '5 cm. longum; lateralia oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, 3-3*5 
era. longa. Petala oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, 2*5-3 cm. longa. LabeUum 
trilobum, circiter 2' 5 cm. longum ; lobi laterales suborbiculares, undulati ; 
lobus intermedius orbicularis, undulatus, 1'5 cm, latus ; discus graciliter 
tricarinatus, carinis flexuosis et prope apicem paullo verrucosis. Columna 
clavata, incurva, alata, 1'5 cm. longa. — C ParisJiii var. bracluj])ieray 

Pfitz. in Engl. Pflanzenr. — Orch. -Coelog. p. 78. — R. A. Rolfe. 



The orchid here figured has long been a source of 
perplexity to students of its natural 'family. It was 
described as long ago as 1881 from material sent to the 
late Professor Reiclienbach by Messrs. Hugh Low and 
Company, taken from a plant which the firm had 
imported from Burma. The author of the species 
C. brachyptera expressed the opinion that it was alHed to 
C. lentiginosa^ LindL, to which he might have referred it 
but for the elongated, tetragonal pseudobulbs. From 
1881 onwards the species was lost sight of. It was 
enumerated by Sir J, D. Hooker among the orchids of 
India, but only as a doubtful species, with the remark 
that it might possibly be the same thing as C. Parishii, 
Hook. ; perhaps this suggestion may have been based on 
the very distinctive habit of these two plants. Professor 
Pfitzcr has also found some difficulty in dealing with tlie 
species which he has enumerated in one place as a dis- 

N0VEMBEK> 1914. 



tinct one, in another as only a variety of C. Parisliii. 
In 1910 a small collection of orchids from Tenasserini 
was presented to Kew by Mr. H. Tilly, of Moulmein. 
One of these was the Coelogyne which forms the subject 
of our illustration. , It was, w^hen it arrived, rather a 
small plant, but it has grown well in the Tropical Orchid 
House under the treatment suitable for C. lentiginosa, 
Lindh, for which C. hrachyptera was taken until it flowered, 
which it did for the first time in May, 1914. Although 
no type specimen of C. hrachyptera is available for com- 
parison, the orange disk of the hp and the absence of 
the numerous elongated processes justify at once the 
separation of this plan^ from C. Pariskii and its reference 
to the long lost species. 

M 

M 

Descriptiox.— //eT?>, epiphytic ; pseudobulbs elon- 
gated, somewhat 4-angled, slightly thickened at the base, 
0^-6 in. long, clothed at the base with ovate spathaceous 
sheaths, 2-fohate at the apex. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, 
subacute, plicate, 5-6 in. long. Scapes terminal, erect, 
clothed at the base with lanceolate, imbricate sheaths 
6-7| in. long ; racemes about 7-flowered ; pedicels |-1 in. 
long, persistent. Flowers showy, greenish-yellow, lip with 
an orange-coloured .disk. Sepals spreading; posterior 
ovate-lanceolate, subacute, 1^-1 i in. long ; lateral oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, l|-li in. long. Petals oblong-lanceo- 
late, acute, 1-1| in. long. Lip 3-lobed, about 1 in. long ; 
lateral lobes suborbicular, undulate; mid-lobe orbicular, 
undulate, % in. wide; disk with three slender ridges 
which are flexuous and slightly verrucose near the tip. 
Column clavate, incurved, winged, | in. long. 



Fig. 1, column ; 2, lip ; 3, anther-cap ; 4, pollen-masses :—all enlarged. 



y^ 



8SS3 







\ 



I 



.\ 



M. S. del. J.'N:Fitc>-Lliax 



■■■■.■^5L»»._ 



. C.L - -.^* 



r _T 



l^■ 







^^VvcentBro olcs^Ca^ S. Son L-t4imp 



Ij.Re«viB & C9 Xjondon 



Tab. 8583. 



ECHINOCACTUS minusculus. 

r 

Argentina. 



-.^ 



Cactaceae. Tribe Echinocactkae. 
& et Otto ; Bcnth. et HooTc. f. Gen. . 



Eehinocactus minusculus, Wcler in Bois, Diet, d Horticulture, vol. i. 
p. 471 ; K. Schum., Gesamtb. KaU. p. 396, et in BluU. KaU. vol. i. t. 31; 
La Tribune Horf. 1909, t. 140 ; affiuis E. Fiebrigii, Gucrke, sed tuberculia 
minoribus, spinis brevioribus et ovario glabro differt. 

Hcrha succulenta, globosa, vertice t^tjiressa, simplex vel prolifera, 2-5-6 cm. 
diametro; tubercula convexa, spil*aliter disposita, 1-2 mm. alta, laete 
viridia. Aculei 25-30, centralibus et radialibus similibus, 2-3-5 mm. 
longi. Flores e basi plantac enati, erecti, elongato-infundibuliformcp, 
2-5-3 cm. longi et diametro, glabri; tubus gracilis, basi curvatus, pulchre 
kermesinus cum squamis ovatis acuminatis fusco-rubris conspcrsus ; petala 
circiter 12, ad I'S cm, longa, 4 mm. lata, lineari-oblonga, acuta, apice 
minute denticulata, pulchre cinnabarina. Stamina 15-30, albida. 
Stigma 4-5-lobum, alb'iium.—Eebufiamimtscula, K. Schum. in Monatscflr. 
fiir Kakt. vol. v. p. 102, cum icon. Ecldnopnis minuscula, Weber in Bois, 
Diet. d'Horticulture, \o\. i. p. 471.— N. E. Bkown. 



The Eehinocactus now figured is a native of the province 
of Tucuman in Argentina, wliich was first introduced to 
European collections of succulent plants in 1894 or 1S95 
by Mr. Felder of Lichterfelde, who had received it from 
Mr. Rebat of Chazay d'Azergues, in Argentina. It is 
one of the most pleasing and at the same time one of 
the easiest to grow of the small Cactaceae, thriving well 
in an open mixture of turfy loam, sand and mortar- 
rubbish in an airy sunny greenhouse. Under these 
conditions it is extremely floriferous and produces seeds 
in abundance. Each flower, however, lasts only for a 
day or two. Propagation is readily effected by seeds, 
and seedUngs reach the flowering stage when three to 
four years old. The plant from which the material for 
our plate has been obtained was purchased for the Kew 
Collection in 1913 from Messrs. Cragg, Harrison and 
Cragg, Nurserymen, Heston. E. minusculus and E. Fie- 
brigii, Guerke, agree with each other, and are remarkable 
in the genus Eehinocactus for producing their flowers 
from the base instead of the upper part of the plant, a 

November, 1914. 



« 



feature which readily distinguishes them from the other 
species. 

Description. — Ilerhy succulent, globose with a de- 
pressed apex, simple or proliferous, 1-2^ in. across; 
tubercles convex, spirally arranged, under 1 lin. high, 
bright green ; spines in tufts of 25-30, the central and 
radial similar, 1-lJ lin. long. Flowers rising from the 
base of the plant, erect, long-infundibuliform, 1-lJ in. 
long and as much across, glabrous ; tube slender, curved 
at the base, bright crimson, dotted with ovate, acuminate, 
reddish tawny scales ; petals about 12, up to | in. long, 
\ in. wide, linear-oblong, acute, minutely denticulate at 
the tip, bright vermiUon. Stmnens 15-30, whitish. 
Stigma 4-5-lobed, whitish. 



Fig. 1, a tuft of spiaes ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, style and stigmas : — all enlarged. 



85S4. 




M. S. del . J.li.FitdK ]iiK . 



Vincent Brool^s^'Dd.y &SonLt3iii¥ 



i.Reeve <ScG?Lond.orv. 



Tab. 8584. 



NOTHOFAGUS Cunninghamii 

Australia, Tasmania. 



Fagaceae. Tribe Fageae. 



NoTHOFAGUS, Bl. Mus. Bot, Lugd.-Bat, vol. i, p. 307 ; Engl. S Prantl, Nah 
Pflanzenfam, vol, iii. pars i. p. 52. — Fagus § Nothofagus, Bentlu et 
HooJc, f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 410. 



Nothofagus Cunninghamii, Oerst. in VidensJc. SelsJc, Sl-r., ser. 5, vol. ix. 
(1873), p. 355; Henry in Elwes S Henry, Trees of Gt. Brit, and Irch, 
vol. iii, p. 550; species N. Menziesii^ Oerst., proxima, sed foliis grossius 
crenatis, staminibus multo magis numerosis, involucri valvis latioribus, 
perianthii lobis multo magis inaequalibus diversa. 

Arlor in Tasmania ad 60 m. alta et trunco ad 12 m, ambitu metiente, vel in 
^ alpinis friitex compactus, humilis, ramulis diu pubescentibus, ramis 

cortice fusco vel griseo-fusco tectis. Gemmae conico-ovoideae, 3-4 mm. 
longae, glabrae, perulis ovatis vel ovato-oblongis acutis vel subacutis 
brunneis nitidis. Folia sempervirentia, magis minusve deltoideo-ovata 
vel rhomboidea, acuta, basi late rotundata vel perlate cuneata, crenata, 
plerumque 1-2 cm. longa et 7-10 mm. lata, sed interdum multo minora vel 
majora, coriacea, glabra, nervis tenuibus saepe inconspicuis, utrinque 4-5 ; 
stipulae lineares, 3 mm. longae, caducae ; petioli ad 2 mm. longi, minutis- 
sime puberuli. Flores maris axillares, solitarii, subsessiles vel pedicello 
ad 2 mm. longo suffulti. PeriantJtium subcampanulatum, 3 mm. longum, 
glabrum, lobis 6 ovatis acutis. Stamina circiterS. Flores foeminei terni, 
later ales 3-meri, centralis 2-merus involucro communi cincti, ex axillis 
superioribus orti. Involucrum breviter pedunculatum, 4-valvatum, valvis 
in dorso gland ulosa-apiculatis maturis lineari-oblongis circiter 5 unp. 
longis appendicibus magis minusve recurvis squarrosis demum deciduis. 
Receptaculum 3-gonum vel centrale anceps angulis alatis. Periantldum 
6-4-lobum, lobis interangularibus minoribus. Ovarium stigmatibus 
brevibus 3 vel 2 divergentibus. Fructas 3- vel 2-alati, 3-3-5 mm. longi, 
alis ad 1 mm. lati, — Fagus CunningJiamii, Hook. f. in Journ. Bot. vol. ii. 
p. 153, t. 7 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. vi. p. 210.— 0. Staff. 



A 



The Southern Beech which forms the subject of our 
illustration is that which in Tasmania is spoken of as 
the " Myrtle- tree/' In Tasmania it forms much of the 
evergreen fotest, and occurs on the mountains up to an 
elevation of 4,000 feet, but towards their summits becomes 
much dwarfed. It is also met with in various localities 
in south-eastern Australia. Though not hardy at Kew, 
and though rarely cultivated at all, N. Cunninghamii 

makes an elegant small tree in the milder parts of the 
British Isles. There are fine specimens in Ireland at Fota, 

November, 1914. 



near Queenstown, and at Kilmac^rragh, while there is a 

well-known example in the Royal demesne at Osborne, 

Isle of Wight. It has also lived out of doors in ^Darts of 

Surrey and Sussex. The date of its first introduction 

to Europe is uncertain, but the tree at Fota, which is 

now nearly fifty feet in height, is believed to have been 

planted half-a-century ago. The figure now given has 

been prepared from a small tree in cultivation in the 

Temperate House at Kew, which forms part of the 

munificent bequest made to the Royal Gardens by 

the late Mr. George Joad of Wimbledon in 1881. The 

relationship of Nothofagus to Fagus^oi the Southern to 

the Northern Beech— has already been discussed in this 

work at t. 8314. Among the Southern Beeches the 

present one is clearly closely ahied to N. Menziesii, Oerst., 

from New Zealand. Among the South American species 

the ones which come nearest to the Australian, if the 

structure of the female inflorescence be taken as our 

guide, are those which differ from the rest in having 

deciduous leaves. Like most Southern Beeches this one 

may be propagated by layering when seeds are not 
available. 



Description.— T'r^^, on the lower mountain slopes in 
lasmama sometimes attaining a height of 200 ft. and a 
girth of 40 ft., but towards the mountain-tops forming a 
dense dwarf shrub; branches clothed with a tawny or 
pale-ta\ray bark ; twigs long pubescent. Buds ovoid- 
conical, i-i in. long, glabrous ; their scales ovate or ovate- 
oblong, acute or subacute, brown, pohshed. Leaves ever- 
green, more or less deltoid-ovate or rhomboid, acute, the 
base Wide-rounded or very wide-cuneate, crenate, usually 
3-t m. long and about i in. wide, but sometimes much 
smaller or much larger, coriaceous, glabrous; nerves 
Slender and often hardly visible, 4-5 along each side ; 
stipules hnear, i in. long, caducous ; petioles ^V in. lon^ 
or less, very finely puberulous. Male flowers axillary, 
solitary subsessile or with pedicels ^ in. long or less. 
I enanth subcampanulate, i in. long, glabrous ; lobes 6, 
oiate, acute. Stamens about 8. Female flowers in threes 
surrounded by a common involucre, the lateral flowers 
oi each cluster 3-merous, the central one 2-merous, the 



g 



clusters situated in the uppermost leaf-axils. Involucre 
shortly peduncled, 4-valved ; the valves glandular-apicu- 
late on the back, when ripe linear-oblong, about -\ in. 
long, the appendices more or less recurved, squarrose, 
ultimately deciduous. Heceptacle 3-gonous or (the central) 
2-gonous, the angles winged. Perianth 6-4-lobed, the 
lobes between the angles smaller than the others. Ovary 
with 3 or 2 short divergent stigmas. Fruit 3-2- winged, 
\~Y in. long, wings very narrow. 



Fig. 1, end of a twig, with male flowers; 2, twig with a male flower, also 
with fruit; 3, a male flower; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, a lateral female flower; 7, a 

central female flower : — all enlarged. 



I 



SS85 




M.s.a*a.jxPrko^jitK 



l^ncentBrociks^aj&Soi^Ltr. 



l.H^evefi,C?Lcmaon, 



Tab. 8585. 

lonicepva fragrantissima 

China. 



Capkifoliaceae. Tribe Lonicereae. 

LoxrcERA, Linn.\ Benilu et HooJc, /• Gen, Plant, vol. it. p. 5; HeJtder in 

Missouri Bot. Gard. Bej)., 1903, pp. 27-232. 



Lonicera (§ Isika) fragrantissima, LindL et Paxt, in PaxL FL Gard. 
vol. iii. p. 75, fig. 268 (1852) ; Carriere in FL des Serr. ser. ii. vol. iii, 
(1858), p. 63, et Bev, Hort. 1873, p. 169, fig. 17 ; K. Koch, Dendr. vol. ii, 
(1872), p. 21 ; Maxim. Bull. Acad. ScL St. Petersb. vol. xxiv. (1877), p. 42 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1878, vol. ix. p. 107, fig. 19; Dippel^ Gartenfl, voL xxxv. 
(1886), p. 680, fig. 87, et Handb. der LaiihlioWk. vol. i. (1889), p, 226, 
fig. 144 ; Behder in Missouri Bot. Gard. Bep. 1903, p. 82; Schneider, III. 
Handh. LauhholzTc. vol, ii. (1911), p. 698, fig. 444 f; affinis L. Standishii, 
Carr., sed raxnte glabris, foliis ellipticis vel obovato-ellipticis, coroUis extra 
glabris differt. 

Frutex ramosus, ramuli elongati, leviter sulcati vel angulati, glabri ; internodii 
usque ad 6 cm. longi. Folia elliptica vel obovato-elliptica, basi inaeqiialiter 
rotundata, apice acute et abrupte mucrouata, 4 '5-7 cm. longa, 3-4 cm. 
lata, Integra, chartacea, margine parce setaceo-ciliata, utrinque glabra, 
subtus glaueo-viridia, nervis lateralibus utrinque 5-6 adscendentibus promi- 
nentibus marginem versus ramosis ; petioli 3-5 mm. longi, primum parce 
setoso^pilosi, demuin glabri. Floras albi, axillares, geminati, pedunculati ; 
pedunculi 1-1 '5 cm. longi, acute angulati vel subalati, glabri; bracteae 
geminatae, oppositae, anguste lanceolatae, acutae, 0*5-1 cm* longae, 
foliaceae, glabrae. Beceptacida basi breviter connata, ellipsoideo-globof^a, 
1 mm. longa. Calyx cupularis, integer vel margine leviter undulatus, 
"0-5 mm. altus, viridis. Corolla bilabiata ; tubus vix 0*5 cm. longus, basi 
. saccatus, extra costatus, glaber, intra pilosus ; labium superum 4-lobum, 
lobis rotundatisO'5 cm. latis striatis margine minute crenulatis; labunn 
inferum integrum, oblongo-ellipticum, apice ro'tundatum, 1 Gm. longum, 
0-5 cm. latum, striatum. Stamina exserta; filamenta inaequalia ; 
antherae 3 rmm. longae. Styhts exsertus, glaber, apice incrassatus, 
bilobulatus.— L. cajmfolioides, K. Koch, Ind. Sem. Berol. 1871, app, 3 ; 
ei Dendr, vol. ii. p. 19. L. Niagiiarilli, Hort., ex Koch, I.e. £. odoratu* 
Bima et L. Magnevillae, Hort- ex Dippel Handb. der Laubholzk. vol. i. 
(1889), p. 226. CaprifoUum fragrantissi^num, Kuntze, Rev, Gen. Tl. vol, i. 
(1891), p. 274. L. Volgarensis et Chamaeccrasm NiagtiariUi, Roxt., ex 
Hand-list Arb. Kew, 1896, p. 15.— J. Hutchinsox. 



The Honeysuckle here figured is a plant which has 
been in cultivation in England since 1845, when it was 
introduced from China by the late Mr. Fortune on behalf 
of the Eoyal Horticultural Society. It was met with by 
Fortune in Chinese gardens only, and so far it has never 
yet been discovered in a wild state. L. fragrantissima 
and the well-known L. Standishiiy Carr., figured at t. 5709 
of this work, for which this species is sometimes mistaken, 

November, 1914. 



are favourite sweet-scented winter-blooming species. L. 
Standishii may, however, be readily distinguished from 
the present plant by its more precocious habit of flower- 
ing, its hairy branches and leaves — the latter being 
narrower and more pointed — and by its externally pilose 
corolla-tube, L. fragrantissim'i is easily cultivated and 
is perfectly hardy, thriving well in rich loamy soil, and 
being readily propagated by cuttings placed in gentle 
heat, or even in a close unheated frame, during August. 



With the object of inducing its fragrant flowers to open 



sooner, and in order to preserve these from inclement 
weather, this shrub is sometimes grown against a wall. 
The plant from which the material for our figure has 
been prepared is an old denizen of the collection at Kew. 
It is a rounded bush about six feet high and over six 
feet in width which flowers every year from December 
to March. 

Description. — Shruh, with many branches ; twigs long, 
slightly grooved or angled, glabrous; internodes up to 

long. Leaves elliptic or obovate-elliptic, unequally 



rounded at the base, apex sharply and abruptly mucro 
nate, l|-3 in. long, 1|-1J in. wide, entire, chartaceous, 
the margin sparingly setaceous-ciliate, glabrous on both 
surfaces, glaucous-green underneath, lateral nerves 5-6 
along each side, ascending, raised, branching towards 
the margin ; petiole ,^-i^ n^. long, at first sparingly setose- 
hairy, ultimately glabrous. Flowers white, axillary, 
geminate, peduncled; peduncles -^J in. long, acutely 
angled or almost winged, glabrous; bracts geminate, 
opposite, narrow lanceolate, acute, |-i in. long, leafy, 
glabrous. Receptacles shortly connate at the base, ellip- 
soid-globose, very short. Calyx cupular, entire or with 
slightly undulate margin, very short, green. Corolla 
2-labiate; tube about ^ in. long, saccate at the base, 
ribbed and glabrous outside, hairy within; upper lip 
4-lobed, the lobes rounded, ^ in. wide, striate and with 
finely crenulate margin ; lower lip entire, oblong-eUiptic, 
rounded at the tip, f in. long, i in. wide, striate. Stamens 
exserted; filaments unequal; anthers ^ in. long. Style 
exserted, glabrous, thickened at the tip, 2-lobulate. 

Fig. 1, flowers; 2, the same with corollas removeil ; 3 aud 4, anthers: 

all enlarged. 



S586 




M.S.d.el.J.Ni^itc"h"IitK 



^MoentBrook^P^y ^So^^*^^ 



LTleeve ScC^LoTt^dor 



Tab. 8586. 

PRIMULA VITTATA. 

Szechuan. 



Primul.\ceab* . Tribe PuniuLEAE. 
Pkimula, Linn, ; Bentli, ei HooTc,/. Gen, Plant, vol. ii. p. 631 



Primula vittata, Bttr. et Franclu in Joiirn. de Bot. vol. v, p. 96 ; Pax et Knufh 
in Engl Pfianzenr.-Priin, p. 118; GarcL Chron. 1905, vol. xxxvii. p. 390, 
fig. 165 et 1906, vol. xl. p. 209, fig. 87 ; Jardin, 1903, p. 184, fig. 100 ; Balf. 
/. in Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc. vol. xxxix. p. 159, fig. 63; species P. semndi- 
florae, Franch., peraffinis, foliis angustioribus longioribus distinguenda. 

Herba perennis. Folia oblanceolata vel latius oblanceolata. basi in petiohini 
attenuata, apice acuta vel obtusiuscula, usque ad 15 cm. longa et 3 cm. 
lata, pagina utraque glabra, farinae sulpbureae granulis inferiore sparse 
superiore parcissime instructa, utrinque viridia,nervisIateralibusutriDsecus 
•circiter 12 supra conspicuis subtus prominentibus, margine irregulariter 
argutius dentata, petiolo valido usque ad 4-5 cm. loHgo supra piano vel 
late canaliculato saepius rubro-suffuso suffulta. Scapus validus, 18-21 cm. 
altus, ad 5 mm. diametro, superne albo-farinosus, umbellam 6-16-floram 
gerens ; involucri bracteae ad 7 mm. longae, anguste lanceolatae, virides 
nisi inferne purpureo-suffusae; pedicelli sub anthesin cernui, ad 3 cm. 
longi, sparse albo-farinosi. Calyx 7-8 mm. loiigus, tubo 4 mm. longo, 
lobfs lanceolatis vel late lanceolatis acutiusculis,longitudinaliter 10-vittatus, 
vittis 5 glabris fusco-purpureis in medios lobos productis, 5 albo-farinosis 
apice biFurcis et cum loborum marginibus anguste farinoais continuis, 
intus praesertim in lobis albo-farinosus. Corollae purpureae tubus 12 mm. 
lon^-us, apice 8 ram, diametro, limbus campanulatus, 5-Iobus, lobis saope 
inter se parum inaequalibus, obovato-oblongis apice rotundatis vel non- 
nonquam retusiusculis ad 5'5 mm. longis et 6 mm. latis. Filamenta 
0-25 mm. longa, antheris circiter 1 • 6 mm. lonj^x^. Ovarium subglobosum, 
2 mm. altum; stigma grande, capitatum, viride.— W. G. Craib. 

The Chinese Primula here figured was first met with 
by Prince Henry of Orleans and Mr. Bonvalot during 
their Chino-Tibetan journey, and was described from 
specimens collected in Szechuan. It is a hardy perennial, 
agreeing in habit with the well-known Himalayan P. 
sikklmensis. Hook, f., figured at t. 4597 of this work, 
which is the best known member of a section or group 
of seven species, all of which are yellow-flowered except 
the present species, A vittata, and another very closely 
allied one, P. secundiffora, Franch., in which the flowers 
are purple. According to Professor Bayley Balfour, who 
has made a close study of this group of species, P. inttafa 
and P •^ecundiflora are so like each other that they may 
easily be confused. As a rule they admit of ready 
separation because in P. vittata the leaves are erect and 
elongated, whereas in P. secundiflova they are horizontal 

November, 1914, 



and are oblong-elliptic. The first introduction of P. vitfata 
to this country took place in 1905 when it was raised 
by Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons from seed obtained on 
behalf of the firm by Mr. E. H. Wilson. It has since 
then been found again by Mr. G. Forrest on the Likiang 
range. Plants raised from seeds sent by Air. Forrest to 
Messrs. Bees, Limited, were exhibited at Chelsea in 
May, 1914 ; from one of these, purchased for the Royal 
Gardens, Kew, the material for our plate has been 
derived. Like most other Chinese Primulas, P. vittata 
prefers moist, shady conditions. It can be propagated 
by seeds which ripen early and germinate freely in and 
after August. 

Description. — Ilerh, perennial. Leaves oblanceolate 
or broadly oblanceolate, narrowed at the base into the 
petiole, apex acute or rather blunt, up to 6 in. lon_, 
li in. wide, glabrous on both sides, distinctly beset 
below but very sparingly beset above with granules of a 
yellow powder, green on both surfaces, lateral nerves 
about 12 along each side, conspicuous above and raised 
beneath, margin irregularly rather sharply toothed; 
petiole stout. If in. long, flat or wide- channelled above, 
often flushed with red. Scape stout, 7-8 in. high, i- in. 
thick, white-floury above, supporting a 6-16-flowered 
umbel; bracts of the involucre over | in. long, narrow 
lanceolate, green and flushed with purple except at the 
base; pedicels nodding in flower, over 1 in. long, 
sparingly white-floury. Calyx about ^ in. long, tube 
i in. long, lobes lanceolate or wide-lanceolate, some- 
what acute, longitudinally 10-vittate ; five of the vittae 
glabrous, tawny-purple, continued into the centre of the 
lobes, the other five white-floury 2-furcate at the tip 
and continued along the margins of the lobes, within 
white-floury, especially on the lobes. Corolla purple ; 
tube J m. long, i in. wide at the top ; hmb campanulate, 
o-lobed, lobes often slightly unequal, obovate-oblong 
with rounded or occasionally slightly retuse tips, about 
i m. wide and nearly as long. Filaments very short ; 
anthers short. Ovary subglobose, A in. high; stigma 
large, capitate, green. 



crlafgal ^^ '^^"^ ^^'^ ^^^""^^"^ removed ; 2, section of corolla ; 3, pistU '.—all 



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BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 

CONTENTS OF No. 120, DECEMBER, 1914. 



Tab. 8587.— clematis ARMAXDI. 



ff 



5> 



»> 



»J 



85S8.— PLEIONE POGONIOIDES. 

8589.— CRATAEGUS PUBESCENS, FOBMA STIPULACEA. 

8590.— SALVIA LONGISTYLA. 

8591.— CERATOSTIGMA WILLMOTTIANUM. 

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noytStSoTw. >p 



"^ r?eeve6cG?Lor.J 



QTL 



i 



Tab. 8587. 



CLEMATIS Armandi 



€h ina. 



Rancnculaceak. Tribe Clematideae. 
Clematis, Linn. ; Benih, et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 3. 



Clematis Armandi, Francli, in Nottv, Arch, Mus. Hist, Nat, Paris, ser. 2, 
vol. viii. p. 184, t. 2; Finet S Gagnep, Contrib, FL As, Or, vol. i. p. 11 ; 
/. H, Veitch in Journ, Rov, HorL Soe. vol. xxviii, p. 58, fi". 14 ; Gard, 



- - — j_ t \^ 

Wilson in Sarc/ent, PL Wilson 



perulatis distinguitur. 



Meyeni 



Frutex alte scandens. Rami teretes, costulati, glabri. Folia trifoliolata, 
petiolata; petioli 6-8 cm. longi; petioluli laterales 1-5-2 cm, longi, 
terminale circiter 3 cm. longum; foliola ovato-lanceolata, basi leviter 
cordata vel rotundata, apice subacuta, plerumque breviter acummata, 
9-11 cm. longa, 3 '5-4 '5 cm. lata, Integra, 5-nervia, nervis intermediis 
conspicuis ad apicem currentibus, exterioribus inconspicuis cum nervis 
transversis anastomosantibus, reticulata, glabra. Cymae axillares, 
bracteatae, pluriflorae, basi perulatae, e basi ramosae, puberulae; perulae 
magnae, ovatae ; bracteae inferiores perulis similes, superiorcs oblongae, 
saepe trifidae ; pedicelli floribus longiores. Flores albi, odorati. Sejjala 
5-7, obovato-oblonga, 2-2-5 cm. longa, patentia. Filamenta applanata, 
glabra, exteriora antheris longiora, interiora antheris breviora; antherae 
anguste oblongae, 3-3 "5 mm. longae. Styli parte superiore excepta 
sericeo-plumosi. Achaenia elliptica, compressa, hirsuta,^ stylo patenter 
plimioso.— C. hcdysarifolia, var. Armandi, Kuntze in Verb. Bot. Ver. 
Brandenburg, vol. xxvi. p. 152.— T. A. SpRAGUE. 



The fine Clematis which forms the subject of our illus- 
tration is a very distinct and beautiful addition to that 
scarce group in our gardens, the hardy evergreen climbers. 
It is equal in beauty to C. indivisa^ Willd., a form of 
which was figured at t. 4398 of this work, and has the 
advantage of being rather hardier than that New Zea- 
land plant, which can only be grown out of doors in the 
south-west of England and Ireland. C. Armandi is a 
tall climber Avhich occurs in thickets and on trees and 
bushes at various altitudes up to 5,500 feet above sea- 
level, from Hupeh in Central China to Szechuan and 
Yunnan. It was introduced to European cultivation 
by Mr. E. H. Wilson and is one of the finest species of 
Clematis obtained by that traveller. It is met with in 
gardens in two forms ; one with sepals only half the 

December, 1914, 



wicltli of those here figured, the other the much finer 
form now depicted, for material of wliich we are indebted 
to the kindness of Sir W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, on the walls 
of whose residence, The Ferns, Witcombe, it made a very 
beautiful display in April, 1914. The species appears to 
call for wall treatment in this country, and should not 
be pruned too severely, but allowed to form a rather 
loose tangle, the leading and supporting shoots alone 
being nailed. It requires a good loamy soil, and can be 
increased by cuttings in late summer. C. Armandi bears 
a considerable resemblance to C. Meyeniana, Walp., but 
may at once be distinguished from that species by the 
inflorescences, which are perulate at the base. 



DESCRiPTioisr. — Shrub, far-climbing; branches terete, 
slightly ribbed, glabrous. Leaves trifoliolate, petioled ; 
petiole 2J;-3I in. long; lateral petiolules f-f in. long, 



end petiolule 1^ in. long ; leaflets ovate-lanceolate, b 
slightly cordate or rounded, subacute at the apex and 
usually shortly acuminate, 3|-4^ in. long, l_^-lf in. v/ide, 
entire, 5-nerved, intermediate nerves running to the tip, 
the outermost indistinct with transverse anastomosing 
nerves, reticulate, glabrous. Cymes axillary, bracted, 
several-flowered, perulate at the base, branching from 
the base, puberulous ; perulae large, ovate ; lower bracts 
like the scales, upper bracts oblong, often trifid ; pedicels 
longer than the flowers. Floicers white, scented. Sepals 
5-7, obovate-oblong, f-1 in. long, spreading. Filaments 
flattened, glabrous, the outer longer the inner shorter 
than the anthers ; anthers narrow-oblong, under 2 lin. 
long. Stijles silky-plumose except in the upper porti 



preadin 



elliptic, compressed, hairy; style plumose with 



Fig. 1, an inner stamen ; 2, an outer stamen ; 3, a carpel -.—all enlarged. 



S6SS 




3 



.MSHei.J.NPitoKlLUt 



"Wjvcent Bryo>eff,Dc^ S^oojvLt^inijp. 



LReefvea^C'f'lon.don * 



Tab. S58S. 



PLEIONE POGONIOIDES 



China ^ 



Orchidaceak. Tribe Epidendreae. 



Pleione, D. Bon, Prodr, FL Nepal, p. ^Q\ Benth. et Hool\ f. Gen. Plant. 
vol. iii. p. 518, suh Coelogyne, 



Pleione pogonioides, Bolfe in OrcJi. Bev. 1903, p. 291 ; 1914, p. 108 ; affinis 
P. hulhococUoidei, Eolfe, sed sepalis petalisque subaequalibus et labelli 
carinis valde crenatis differt. 

Hcrha terrestris, 10-18 cm- alta; pseudobulbi ovoidei, apice attenuati, 1'2-1'5 
cm. longi, monophylli. Folia elliptico-Ianceolata, subobtusa, plicata, 
5-17 cm. longa, 2-3*5 cm, lata. Flos terminalis, speciosus, roseus, 
labelli disco albidulo, pedmiculo basi vaginis membranaceis obtecto. 
Bractea lanccolata, acuta, concava, l'5-3 cm. longa. Sejmla et petala 
subconniventia, oblongo-lanceolata, acuta vel apiculata, subaequalia, 
3 ' 5-4 ctn, longa. Lahelluvi circa columnam convolutum, aniplum, 
3 '5-4 cm. longnm, apice fimbriatum ^ late ellipticuni vel suborbiculare, 
discus 4-5-lamelIatus, lamellis valde et iiTegulariter crenatis. Columna 
clavata, incurva, circiter 3 cm, longa, alls triangularibus et membranaceis. 
Capsula ellipsoideo-oblonga, 2 '5-3 cm. longa. — Pogonia sp., Hance in 
Journ. Bot. 1885, p. 247. Coelogyne {Pleione) pogonioides, Eolfe in Kew 
Bulletin, 1896, p. 196, et in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxxvi. p. 23. — (7. 
{Pleione) Hennji, Eolfe in Kew Bulletin, 1896, p. 195, et in Journ. Linn^ 
Soc, vol. xxxvi. p. 22. — E. A. Eolfe. 



Though there are several Chinese species of Pleionei 
only one of these has until now become established in 
cultivation ; that species, P. yunnanensiSy Rolfe, was 
figured at t. 8106 of this work. The one now figured, 
P. pogonioides, Rolfe, though it has been known longer 
than P. yunnancnsis, for it was originally discovered in 
1881, is the second to be introduced from China to 
orchid collections* Bulbs were received from there in 
1912 by Messrs. Charlesworth and Company, in whose 
houses at Haywards Heath it flowered for the first time 
in February, 1914, and our figure has been prepared 
from material supplied by Messrs. Charlesworth for 
identification. The original specimens were gathered by 
Mr. T. Bullock on wet rocks at Wu Hu in the province 
of Am Hwei, at an elevation of 3,000 feet above sea- 
level, and were referred by the late Dr. Hance to the 
genus Pogonia. It was met with again by Mr. A. Henry 

December, 1914. 



on mountains near Patung, and from his material was 
described by Mr. Rolfe as Coelogyne pogonioides, in 
accordance with the idea long entertained, but now 
abandoned, that Pleione is no more than a section of 
Coelogyne. It was subsequently collected in various 
localities by Mr. Henry and by Mr. E. H. Wilson, who 
supplied Hving plants to Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, 
which, however, do not appear to have flowered. Mr. 
Rolfe finds that the plant described at the same time 
as C. llenryi is only an unusually well-developed form of 
P. pogonioides. The cultural requirements for P. pogoni- 
oides are the same as for P. praecox and the other species 
usuallv met with in collections. 



Desceiption.— //tr/>, terrestrial, 3-4 in. high ; pseudo- 
bulbs ovoid, narrowed to the tip, i-| in. long, 1-foliate. 
Leaves eUiptic-lanceolate, rather blunt, plicate, 2-6 J in. 
long, |-1J in. wide. Flower terminal, showy, rosy red 
with a whitish disk; peduncle clothed below with 
membranous sheaths. Bract lanceolate, acute, concave, 
l~li in. long. Sepals and petals somewhat connivent, 
oblong-lanceolate, acute or apiculate, subequal, 1 ^-1 ^ in. 
long. Lip convolute around the column, large, li-1} in. 
long, fimbriate at the apex, wide-elliptic or suborbicular, 
disk with 4-5 lamellae which are strongly but irreo-u- 
larly crenate. Column clavate, incurved, about 1| 1n. 
long ; wings triangular, membranous. Capsule ellipsoid- 
oblong, 1-1 i in. long. 



Fig. 1, portion of labellum ; 2, column ; 3, anther-cap -.-all enlarqed. 




]VLS.dfiLJ,K.P*itcKlitK 



lucent Broofe;,Day& S an LAmp 



X Reeve 8^C9 Londor*. 



Tab. 8589. 



CRATAEGUS pubescens, forma stipulacea 



Mexico. 



EosACEAE. Tribe Pomeae. 
Crataegus, Linn, ; Bentli, et Hool\f. Gen, Plant, vol. i. p. 626 



Crataegus pubeseens, Stetid,, forma stipulacea, Stapf; a (7. j}ubescente, 
H. B. K. ut prime descripto et depicto difi'erfc foliis majoribus pro rata 
latioribus (praesertim in parte superiore), stipulis magis foliaceis et 
diutius pcrsistentibus, indumento parciore. 

Arhor parva, ad 10 m. alta, interdura spinis angnlo recto patentibus ad 4 cm, 
longis armata, novellis albo-villosis raox glabreseentibus, ramulis adultis 
cortice fusco vel brumieo- vel griseo-fusco tectis, gemmis subglobosis 
obtusis glabris. Folia laxiuscule disposita, rarius in ramulis abbreviatis 
aggregata; laminae e subelliptico vel obovato ad oblanceolatuni vergentes, 
plerumque acutaCj basin versus cimeatim attenuatae, simpliciter vel 
subduplo serrato-crenatae, e medio basin versus integrae, interdum 
(praesertim in turionibus) grosse dentatae A^el sublobatae, rarius trilobae, 
4-8 cm, longae, 2-4 cm. latae, virides, demum subcoriaceae, autumno 
rubescentes vel aurantiacae, supra primo pilosulae, mox calvescentes, 
infra praeter nervos villosos laxe vel perlaxe villosulae, nervis lateralibus 
utrinque 5-7 obliquis leviter curvatis in crenas vel dentes excurrentibus 
supra impressis subtus prominulis; petioli 0"5-l*5 cm. longi, longiores 
saepe ob laminam decurrentem anguste alati, indumento laminae ; stipulae 
plerumque foliaceae, saepe falcato-lineares vel lanceolatae et diutius 
persistentes, interdum lineares tenuiores caducae, integrae vel subintegrae, 
ad margines glandulosae vel eglandulosae ad plus quam 1 cm. longae. 
Corymbi 6-15-flori, magis minusve albo- vel incano-villosi, rarius fere 
calvescentes ; bracteae stipulis conformes ; pedicelli ad ^ 2 cm. ^ loiigi. 
lieceptacidum turbinatum, villosulum, 3-4 mm. altum, disco rubicundo 
ad 4 mm. diametro. Sejjula lineari-lanceolata vel linearia, Integra vel 
apice paucidentata, plerumque eglandulosa, pilosa, 5-6 mm. longa, 
peraistentia, in fructu plerumque suberecta. Petala alba, obovato- 
rotundata, circiter 8 mm. longa. Stamina 15-20; antherae demum 
pubescentes. Styli plerumque. 2 vel 3, interdum 4 vel 6, basi pilis cincti. 
Fructus breviter pyriformis vel globosus, ad 25 cm. diametro, flavidus 
vel viridi-flavidus vel ad rufo-aurantiacum vergentes, lenticellis parce 
aspersi, calyce basi indurato coronati. Pyrcnae plerumque 2, ambitu 
rotundato-ellipticae, facie superiore styli basi indurata conspicua, 7-8 mm. 
diametro, in dorso late carinatae, pariete crassissima.— C stijndacea, Lodd. 
Cat. 1826, p. 40 (nomen tantum) ; Loudon, Gard. Mag. vol. ix. (1833), 
- p. 630. C. mexicana, D. Don in Sweet, Pi, Gard. 2nd ser. t. 300 ; Lmdley 
in Bofe. Eeg. t. 1910 ; Loudon, Arb. Brit. p. 843 ; non DC. G. Lam^ 
bertiana, Hort. ex Steud. Nora. ed. 2, p. 432. C, liypolasia, Koch in 
Vers. d. Ver. z. Befurd. Gartenb. vol. i. p. 229, C. pibescens, 
Egsle-ston in Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. vol. xxxv. (1939) 505; non HJ5.K 

DilCKMJJKli, 1014. 



Mespdus Loddigesiana, Spach, Hist, Nat. Veg. vol. ii. (1834), p. 54. 
M. sHpulacca., Desf. ex Spacli I.e. M. mexicana, Koch, Dendrol. vol. i. 
(1869) p. 132, ex parte.— 0. Stapf. 



The Thorn here figured is one of the forms of the 
IMcxican Hawthorn or Tejocote, the earhest account 
of which we owe to Hernandez, who was resident in 
Mexico between 1571 and 1577, and has described it as 
the Texocotl or Rock Apple. The Tejocote is one of the 
few members of the genus Crataegus which inhabit the 
Mexican tableland, where it is appreciated, more especially 
by the Indian inhabitants, on account of its fruits, which 
are used as the basis of a national conserve. From a 
drawing of the Tejocote made in the field by the 
travellers Sesse and Mocino about the end of the 
XVIIIth Century, the species was described by De Can- 
doUe in 1825 as Crataegus mexicana. In the meantime, 
however, the travellers Humboldt and Bonpland, who 
had also met with the Tejocote near the mines of Moran 
in what is now the State of Hidalgo, in the beginning of 
the XIX th Century, had pubhshed a description in 1823 
under the name Mespilus pubescens. From the synonyms 
cited by Dr. Stapf it will be seen that the generic 
position postulated for this tree by these distinguished 
travellers has not found general favour, and there is no 
room for doubt that the view of De CandoUe is the pre- 
ferable one. An almost more serious difficulty has 
arisen, however, as to its specific hmitation. This has 
been caused by the excessive degree of variation dis- 
played not merely in different individual trees but even, 
at times, in the same individual. It is to this circum- 
stance that the number of trivial epithets used as specific 
names, which are enumerated in the synonymy, must be 
attributed. The whole question has recently been very 
fully dealt with by Dr. Stapf in the Kew Bulletin for 
the present year, and here it is sufficient to repeat that 
the plant from which the material for our plate has been 
derived is only a form, though a rather distinct and 
striking one, of the Tejocote. The species appears to 
have been introduced to cultivation in England by the 
eighth Lord Napier, through his friend Mr. A. B. Lambert, 
about 1824. The example at Kew, which is a small tree 



about fifteen feet high, and is perfectly hardy, was 

received from the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, in 1891. It 

is one of the handsomest of Thorns both in its flowers 

and in its yellow fruits, which are valuable from the 

cultural standpoint for the length of time that they 

remain upon the branches ; often they do not fall until 
February. 



Description. — Tree^ 15-35 ft. high, sometimes armed 

with spines up to 1^ in. long spreading at right angles 
from the twigs; young shoots white-villous, soon be- 
coming glabrous; old shoots tawny or brown- or grey- 
tawny; buds subglobose, obtuse, glabrous. Leaves vsjthQT 
scattered, rarely close together on abbreviated shoots; 
from subelliptic or obovate to oblanceolate, usually acute, 
cuneately narrowed to the base, once to twice serrate- 
crenate, at least beyond the middle, sometimes from 
the middle to the base entire, occasionally — and more 
particularly on suckers — the leaves coarsely toothed or 
almost lobed, very rarely distinctly 3-lobed, IJ-Sj in. 
long, |-1J in. wide, green, when adult subcoriaceous, 
becoming red or orange-coloured in autumn, at first 
finely pilose above, soon becoming smooth, beneath 
villous on the nerves, elsewhere loosely or very loosely 
pubescent, lateral nerves 5-7 on each side the midrib, 
oblique, slightly curved, running out into the teeth, 
sunk above and raised beneath ; petioles \-% in. long, 
often slightly winged by the decurrent leaf -blade, 
pubescence as on the leaf; stipules usually foliaccous, 
often falcate-linear or lanceolate and rather distinctly 
persistent, sometimes linear and thinner and caducous, 
entire or nearly so, the margins glandular or not. 
Corymbs C-15-flowered, more or less white- or hoary- 
villous, rarely almost glabrous ; bracts like the stipules ; 
pedicels up to | in. long. Receptacle turbinate, some- 
what villous, ^^~\ in. deep, disk reddish, \ in. across. 
Sepals linear-lanceolate or linear, entire or sparingly 
toothed at the tip, usually eglandular, pilose, ^-^ in. 
long, persistent, in fruit usually suberect. Petals white, 
obovate-rounded, about -^ in. long. Stamens 15-20 ; 



anthers pubescent. Styles usually 2 or 3, sometimes 



4 or 5, pilose at the base. Fruit short-pyriform or 



globose, up to 1 in. across, yellow or greenish-yellow 
shading into reddish-orange, sparsely lenticelled, tipped 
with the calyx which is hardened at the base. Pyrenes 
usually 2, rounded-elliptic in outline, with the con- 
spicuous hardened base of the style on the upperside, 
-^ in. across, wide-keeled on the back. 



Fig. 1, flower-bud; 2, vertical section of flower; 3 and 4, anthers; 5, a 
pyrene ; 6, the same in section : — all enlarged* 



8590 




i^SaeIJ.KPii^_th 



Vmcent Sroo^r03,Day & So u L I imp 



X T^eve 



& no \.,,^Ar.r> 



Tab. 8590. 
salvia longistyla. 

Mexico. 



Labiatae. Tribe Monardeae. 
Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant 



Salvia longistyla, Benth. Lab, p. 295; affinis S. coccineae, Linn., sed foliis 
floribusque majoribus et calyce bilobo lobis longe acuminatis distinguenda. 

Herha elata, ad 4-4 '5 m. alta. Caulis tetragonus, patule glanduloso-pubescens. 
Foliorum petioli 4-9 cm. longi, patule glanduloso-pubescentes ; laminae 
7-14 cm. longae, 5 '5-11 cm. latae, cordato-ovatae, acutae, serrato-dentatae, 
supra glabrae, subtus ad nervos pubescentes. Bacemi saepe 3-5 dm., 
nonnunquam 6 dm. longi, glanduloso-pubescentes; verticillastri 2*5- 
4"5 cm. distantes, 8-16-flori. Pedicelli 8-15 mm. longi. Calyx in- 
aequaliter bilabiatus, compressus, 9-nervis, fusco-viridis ; tubus 1-1-3 cm. 
longus; labia 7-11 mm. longa, subulato-acuminata vel aristata, labium 
inferus apice breviter bifidum. Corolla e calyce longe exserta, rubro- 
coccinea, pubescens; tubus 1*8 cm. longus, apice 4 mm. diametro, 
levissime curvatus, compressus ; labium superus 7-8 mm. longum, 
rectum vel apice recurvum, anguste oblongum, apice emarginatum ; 
labium inferus parvum, breviter 3-lobum, lobo medio 2' 5 mm. longo, 
3 • 5 mm, lato, transverse elliptico obtuso incurvo-erecto. Stamina 
exserta, quam corolla 7 mm. longiora, recta, rubra. Stylus staminibus 
multo longior, inaequaliter bifidus lobo inferiore minimo, ruber. — S. recti- 
flora^ Via. Sem. Hort. Patav. 1839, in Linnaea, vol. xiv. Litt.-Ber. 
p. 138. S. aristulata, Mart. & Gal. in Bull. Acad. Brux. vol, xi. pars 2, 
p. 67 (1844).— N. E. Brown. 

The Mexican Salvia here figured was first discovered 
near Zinepecuaro in 1830 by Mr. G. J. Graham, and three 
years later was described by the late Mr. Bentham. 
It seems probable that seeds were sent to Europe by 
Graham^ because the plant appeared in cultivation 
almost simultaneously with its original description. 
Whether its redescription by Professor Visiani indicates 
a second introduction is on the whole doubtful; more 
probably it only indicates the first appearance of the 
plant in the Padua Botanic Garden. Its description a 
third time at Brussels, however, suggests independent 
introduction from Mexico. In its foliage and its far- 
exserted stamens and style the species bears some 
resemblance to S. coccinea, Linn., but in its calyx it is 
remarkably distinct from that and all the other allied 
species ; the tube and lobes are longer, while the latter 
terminate in fine awn-like points ; the two lobes of the 
lower lip are, besides, united for the greater part of their 
length, and their distinction is only indicated by the 

Decembek, IVli. 



awn being shortly divided at its tip. The material for 
our plate has been derived from a plant raised at Kew 
from a cutting presented in 1912 by Dr. Eobertson- 
Proschowsky, Nice. The plant is easy of culture and 
rapid in growth, reaching in from nine to ten months a 
height of fourteen or fifteen feet, with a freely branching 



crown. The branches end in long loose panicles of rosy- 



red flowers, some of the panicles being a couple of feet 
in length. It has at Kew been grown in a sunny position 
in a slightly heated greenhouse and liberally manured. 
The exceptional height and vigour of growth precludes 
its use save under exceptional circumstances as a green- 
house plant in the British Islands, but in countries where 
there is little or no risk from frost, as in the Mediterra- 
nean region, S. Joiigistyla ought to form a striking and 
desirable denizen in an open-air border. The flowers are 
produced during the winter months. 



Desceiption. — Ilerh, up to 15 ft. in height. Stem 
4-angled, glandular-pubescent with spreading hairs. 
Leaves petioled, cordate-ovate, acute, serrate-dentate, 
glabrous above, pubescent on the nerves beneath, 3-5^ 
in. long, 2-4| in. wide ; petiole 1|-3J in. long, glandular- 
pubescent with spreading hairs. Racemes often 15 in.. 



occasionally up to 25 in. long, glandular-pubescent ; 



verticillasters 8-16-flowered, 1-1 1 in. apart; pedicels 

in. long. Calyx unequally 2-lipped, compressed, 



'S 3 



9-nerved, tawny-green ; tube \-\ in. long ; lips rather 



shorter than the tube, subulate-acuminate or aristate, 
the arista of the lower lip slightly 2-fid at the tip. 
Corolla far-exserted, red-pink, pubescent ; tube | in. 
long, ]r in. across at the mouth, slightly curved, com- 



pressed ; upper hp about -^ in. long, narrow-oblong, 
straight or recurved at the emarginate tip ; lower lip 
small, shortly 3-lobed, mid-lobe ^V i^^- lo^^g? \ ii^- wide, 
transversely elliptic, obtuse, incurved-ercct. Stamens 
exserted nearly i in. beyond the top of the corolla, 
straight, red. Style much longer than the stamens, 
unequally 2-fid, with the anterior lobe very small, red. 



Fig. 1, calyx, laid open, showing ovary and style; 2, corolla, laid open, 
showing stamens and stauiinodcb ; 3, an anther ; 4, ovarv, surrounded by 
glands: — all enlarged. 



85d1 




M. S.dfil.o^N.HtclUitK. 



15iu;entBr c uJ<sX) ^ & S on Lt'^.imp. 



L.R^.ev/c &C9Lca^dc>n. 



Tab. 8591, 



CERATOSTIGMA W illmottianum 



China. 



Plumbaginaceae. Tribe Plu.'^ibageae. 

Ceratostigma, B«?if/e; Bcnih. et HooJc, f, Geru Plant. \o\. li. p. 628 ; Prain in 

Journ, Bot. vol.xlir. (1906), p. 4. 



4 

Ceratostigma Willmottianuni, Staj)/; species nova Cphanhaglnoidi, Bungo 
ct C as;perrimo^ Stapf ex Prain, similiSj a priore im})rimis foliis minoribus 
utrinque pilosis, corolla pallidiore, antlieraruuiapicalibus taiituni brevissiuic 
e tubo cxsertis, stigiuatibas antheras longe siiperantibus et habitu, ab 
altero forma textura et indumento tenuiore folioruni, ab ambobus j)erulis 
coriaceis lanceolatis distinctum. 

Fnitex multiramosa, 1-1 '5 m. alta, caulibus angulatis strigilloso-liirtulis saepe 
purpurascontibus. Innovationcs basi perulis lanceolatis vel lanceo'ato- 
Biibulatis indutae. Folia sessilia, oblanceolata vel elliptico-oblanceolata, 
acuta vel snbaciita, setoso-mucronata, basin versus cuneatini attenuata, 
3-5 cm. longa, l'3-2 cm. lata, viridia, supra sparse, infra copiosius et 
asperius Iiirtella, in naargine rigide ciliata, sparse et minutissime glandu- 
loso-furfuracea. CajyiMcv ternainalia, saei:)e minoribus nonnuUis ex 
foliorum sunimoruni axillis ortis addit^s; bracteae lanceolatae, acuniinatac, 
carinatae, mucronaiae, rigide ciliatae, exteriores 14-10 mm. longae. 
Cahjx tubulosus, 5-dentatus, tubo circiter 11 mm. longo viridi aIbo-5- 
striato, dentibus subiilatis purpurascentibus 3 mm. longis. CoroUae tiiho 
roseo circiter 18 mm. longo, limbo amoene coeruleo, lobis truneato- 
obovatis nmcroiiulatis 8 mm. longis superne 7 mm. latis. Anihcrao 
piirpuvasccntcs, vix 2 mm. longae, apicibus e tubo brevibisime exsertis. 
Styli albidi, 2 mm. longi, toti exsorti.— 0. Staff. 



The singular distribution of the species of tlic rhimb 



the subj 



of 



ginaceous genus Ceratostigma has been 
comment for more than sixty years. The genus wa 
based originally on a species from Northern China dc 
scribed by Bunge in 1834 which has long been a favourit 




m 



Endish conservatories and, wiili some htlle 



protecaon during severe weather in winter, also in col- 
lections out of doors. An excellent figure of that species, 
C.pliunhaglnokbs, Bunge, which is often known in gardens 
the name Plumhaqu Larnentae, Lindl., bestowed on the 




plant 



1817 when it was fi 



troduced to Endand 



to 



h 



been provided at 



4487 of 



pedes of the genus which was known when 



The only 



ligure was published is an Abyssinian one, treated by 



! 



1911. 



Hochstctter in 1840 as the type of his genus Valoradia. 
Hochstetter's plant had, however, been collected by 
Salt a generation earlier, and had been treated in 1814 
by R. Brown as a Plumbago, P. eglandulosa. The first 
observer to recognize the identity of Ceratostlgnia and 
Valoradia was Boissier, who, for reasons no longer con- 
sidered adequate, in 1848 employed Hochstetter's name 
in preference to the older one used by Bunge. The 
discovery, since Boissier wrote, of a number of other 
species of Ceratostigma in Central and South-western 
China, in Indo-China, in Tibet and in Bhutan, has 
reduced considerably the extent of the gap between the 
localities occupied by the genus on which stress has so 
often been laid. The eight species now known include 
two, from Abyssinia and Somaliland, that are best dis- 
tinguished from their six Asiatic congeners by their sessile 
stigmatic glands. The six Asiatic species include two 
that are best distinguished from the other four because 
their leaf-buds and shoot-bases are not perulate. The 
familiar C, plumhaginoides, already alluded to, is one 
of the species with naked buds ; it forms as a cultivated 
plant large tufts, rarely more than a foot in height, with 
striking dark-green leaves that take on a handsome 
brownish-red autumnal tint, and make an admirable 
and effective contrast with the gentian-blue flowers. 
Except for its larger size and looser habit the species 
now figured, C. Willmottiaymm, Stapf, as grown at Kew, 
resembles C. plumhaginoides so closely that it might 
pardonably be taken for a form of that species with 
rather smaller leaves of a paler green which do not display 
the autumnal bronzing. Closer attention to the plant 
now figured, for the material of which we are indebted 
to Miss E. A. Willmott, in whose garden at Warley Place 
two plants were raised from seed received by her from 
the Arnold Arboretum, and obtained by Mr. E. H. Wilson 
during his last journey in Western China, shows, how- 
ever, other marked differences. The flowers are of a 
rather paler blue than in C. plumhaginoides ; the anthers 
are hardly exserted; the leaves are hispidly hairj^ on 
both surfaces, as well as hispidly ciliate on the margin, 
whereas in C. plumhaginoides only the margin is hispid; 
finally, the buds are protected by coriaceous scales, so 



that, in spite of its close general resemblance to 
C. plumb aginoides, the affinity of C. Willmottlanum is 
really with C. minus, Stapf, and C. Grijfithii, C. B. Clarke, 
which are shrubs. Miss Willmott informs us that of the 
two plants raised by her one has been grown at Warley 
in Essex, the other at Spetchley in Worcestershire, and 
that both are now shrubs five feet high. In both places, 
as at Kew, the treatment most suitable for C. plunihagi- 
noides is that best adapted for C. Willmott ianum, which 
has proved equally hardy and equally easy to propagate. 
The two flower at the same time and in equal profusion, 
during the months of July to December. 

> 

Description. — ^?Ar?^5, freely branching ; stems angular, 
strigillose, often purpHsh ; young shoots perulate, the 
scales firm, lanceolate or subulate-lanceolate. Leaves 
sessile, oblanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate, acute or 
subacute, setose-mucronate, cuneately narrowed to the 
base, l{-2 in. long, J-f in. wide, green, sparingly harshly 
hairy above, more plentifully beneath, stiffly cihate on 
the margin, sparingly and finely glandular-scurfy. Heads 
terminal, with often a few smaller in the uppermost 
axils ; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, keeled, mucronate, 
rigidly ciliate, the outer ^-^ in. long. Calyx tubular, 
5-toothed, tube under \ in. long, green with 5 white 
bands, teeth subulate, purplish. Corolla hypocrateri- 
form ; tube rosy-red, | in. long ; Umb bright-blue ; lobes 
truncate-obovate, mucronulate, \ in. long, over \ in. wide. 
Anthers purplish, under ^ in. long, tips shortly exserted. 
Styles whitish, yV i^- ^^ng, quite exserted. 



Fig. 1, leaf ami leaf-bud; 2, bud-scales; 3, flowers and bracts; 4 and 5, 
anthers ; 6, pistil -.--all cnlargeJ. 



INDEX 



To- Vol. X. of tliG Fourth Series, or Vol, CXL. 

of the whole Work. 



8552 Abies magnifica, 

8575 Aconitum rotundifolium. 

8538 Actinidia chinensis. 

8581 Agave bracteosa, 

8537 Ampelopsis megalopbylla. 
8542 Aristolochia gigantea. 
8549 Berberis Prattii. 
8534 Carpi'nus japonica. 
8j91 Ceratostigma Willmotti- 

anum. 
8587 Clematis Armandii, 

8582 Coelogyne bracliyptera 
8571 Cotoneaster Franchetii, 




jj 



turbinata. 



8589 Crataegus pubescens, forma 

L 

stipulacea, 
8567 Cyrtosperma Johnstoni. 
8578 Cytisus pallidas. 
8559 Deutzia mollis. 
8583 Echinocactus minusculus, 

8572 Ecliinopanax horridus. 
8551 Epidendrum profusum, 

8532 Erythrina pulcherrima. 

8533 Galtonia princeps, 
8548 Gladiolus Masonioruii]. 

8562 Gongora grossa. 

8573 Hamamclis verualis, 
8547 Hibiscus Waimeae, 
8557 Hypericum Ascyron. 
8580 Iiidigofera Kiril6wii. 
8577 Ixora umbellata. 
8545 Knipholia carinata. 



8563 Kolkwitzia amabilis. 
8536 Lonicera deflexicalyx. 

8585 
8555 



fragrantissima. 
Ledebourii. 



8554 Mazus reptans. 
8568 Meconopsis rudis* 

8584 
8550 



Nothofagus Cunninghamn 
Olearia semidentata. 



8574 Pimelea ferruginea. 
8556 Pifchecocteniiim cynan- 

choides. 
8588 Pleione pogonioides. 
8535 Primula Purdomii. 



8564 
8586 



i} 



n 



vinciflora. 
vittata. 



8543 Eibes laurifolium. 
8540 Eondeletia cordata. 

Eosa corymbulosa. 




If 



setipoda. 



8569 



8590 Salvia loogistyla. 
8544 



M 



uliginosa. 



8539 Smilacina paniculata. 
8561 Stapelia Leendertziae. 
8576 Tillandsia Benthamiana, var. 



Andrieuxu. 
8579 Trichocaulon pictum, 
8560 Tricyrtis stolonifera. 
8565 Trollius chinensis. 
8541 Viola gracilis. 
8558 Vifcis Thunbergn. 
8553 Zephyrauthes cardinalis. 



8570 



Zingiber Mioga. 



^h 



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