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■«j^ ] j-?&-?~r- 


Plant* of \\)i ^oinii Botanic OKattimia of l\ru), 






(Or Vol. CXXXIX. of the Whole Work.) 

' There the most daintie Paradise on ground 

Itself doth offer." SPENSER. 


L. REEVE & CO., LTD., 

Publishers to the Home, Colonial, and Indian Governments, 


[All rights reserved."] 




DUCB BTWKT, stamfokd ST* :KT . s.,,, AKD -kkat W1M bmhI 


Sir FRANK CRISP, Baronet, 

op friar park, henley-on-thames, 

whose interest 

in the objects to whose services 

this work is devoted 

is only equalled 

by his generosity to the institution 

wherein it is prepared, 

this volume of the 

Botanical Magazine 

is gratefully dedicated. 


Keiv, December J, 1913. 



"%iceTibBrooUs r Day&SonLt4amp 

L ft e eve & C° London 

Tab. 8472. 


China and Japan, 

Compositak. Tribe Senecionideae. 
Senecio, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446. 

Senecio stenocephalia, Maxim, in Bull. J cad. Peter sb. vol. xvi. p. 218 ; 
Hemsl. in Oard. Chron. 1903, vol. xxxviii. p. 213; affinis 8. Ligularia, 
Hook, f., sed bracteis angustioribus capitulis paucifloris differt. 

Herha. Folia radicalia longe petiolata ; petioli circiter 7 mm. diametro, glabri ; 
lamina reniformis, basi smu lato, circiter 22 cm. longa, basi 33 cm. lata, 
chartacea, utrinque glabra, grosse dentata, dt ntibus numerosis triangulari- 
ovatis obtuse mucronatis 5 mm. longis et Litis; nervi laterales utrinque 
circiter 8, patuli, multiramosi, infra prominentes; folia cauliua inferiora 
petiolo 15 cm. longo basi caulem amplectente parte superiore subterete ; 
lamina ambitu fuliis radicalibus similis, circiter 15 cm. lata; folia caulina 
superiora petiolo foliaceo 5 cm. longo 2 - 5 cm. lato caule circumdato; 
lamina parva. Bacemi ad 35 cm. longi, ba^i 7 cm. diametro; bracteiie 
inferiores capitula excedentes, anguste lanceolatae, ad 4*5 cm. longae et 
8 mm. latae, extra glabrae, intus parce lanatae; pedanculi 1 cm. longi, 
parce pubescentes ; bracteolae 2, suboppositae, supra medium peduncu- 
lum insertae, subulatae, 1-1 2 cm. longae, carnosae, glabrae. Capitula 
lutea, 3 '5 cm. diametro. Involucrum anguste campanulatum, 1 cm. 
longum, 5 mm. diametro ; bracteae circiter 6, connatae, carnosae, lineari- 
oblongae, obtusae, margine anguste scariosae, apicem versus puberulae. 
Flores radii 1-5, patuli, citrini ; corollae tubus anguste cylindricus, basi 
leviter expansus, 5 mm. longus, glaber; limbus lanceolatus, apice 
tridentatus, 1*5-2 cm. longus, 4-5 mm. latus, 5-nervis, glater; achaenia 
4 mm. longa, glabra ; pappi setae barbel latae, 5 mm. longae, purpurascentes; 
stylus longe exsertus, fkvus. Flores disci 5-6 ; corollae tubus 1 cm. longus, 
interne anguste cylindricus, supra medium subcampanulato-ampliatus, 
glaber; lobi lanceolati, subacuti, 1 mm. longi, glabri; antherae 4'5 mm. 
longae, purpurascentes; achaenia pappoque iis florum radii simillima; 
stylus exsertus, ramis recurvatis puboscentibus. — S. cacaHaefolius, Sch. 
Eip., var. stenocephalus, Franch. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxix. p. 297. 
— J. Hutchinson. 

The Senecio here figured is a native of Japan and of 
Northern China, and is a member of the section Ligularia, 
whose forms are difficult to discriminate in the herbarium. 
Mr. Franchet considered our plant a form of S. Ligularia, 
Hook, f., for which he used the name S. cacaHaefolius, 
Sch.-Bip. ; Mr. Maximowicz, on the other hand, accorded it 
separate recognition. In 1887 Mr. Hemsley, a third great 
authority on the Chinese flora, was inclined to adopt (Ind. 
FJ. Sin. vol. i. p. 455) the view of Franchet ; in 1905, when 
Jancabt, 1913. 

living plants were available for study, he was able to vindi- 
cate the conclusion of Maximowicz. As Mr. Hutchinson 
now points out, S. stenocephalus may be readily distinguished 
from S. Ligularia by the long and narrow bracts which sub- 
tend the peduncle and by the narrower fewer- flowered heads. 
The material for our figure was received from Messrs. 
J. Veitch and Sons, and was derived from a plant obtained 
in Northern China by Mr. W. Purdom. It promises to be 
hardy, and to be an acceptable addition to the wild garden. 

Description— Herb. Leaves : radical long-petioled, 
petioles about | in. wide, glabrous; lamina reniform, with a 
wide basal sinus, about 9 in. long, 16 in. across, charta- 
ceous, glabrous, margin coarsely toothed, teeth triangular- 
ovate, bluntly mucronate, ^ in. long and wide ; lateral nerves 
about 8 on each side, spreading, much-branched, raised be- 
neath ; cauhne low down with petiole 6 in. long, stem-clasping 
at base, above almost terete, and with lamina as in the radical 
leaves ; higher up with a leafy petiole 2 in. long, 1 in. across 
and with a small lamina. Racemes up to 14 in. long, 2^ in. 
wide at the base, lower bracts longer than heads, narrow- 
lanceolate, up to 1| in. long, \ in. wide, glabrous without, 
sparingly woolly within ; peduncles § in. long, sparingly 
pubescent, bracteoles 2, subopposite, attached beyond middle 
ot peduncle, subulate, \-\m. long, fleshy, glabrous. Heads 
yellow 1$ in. across. Involucre narrow-campanulate, § in. 
Jong, 3- m. across ; bracts about 6, connate, fleshy, linear- 
oblong, obtuse, margin narrowly searious, puberulous towards 
the tip. Ray-florets 1-5, spreading, bright yellow ; corolla- 
tube narrow-cyhndnc, slightly widened at base, \ in. W, 
glabrous; limb lanceolate, 3-toothed at tip, j4 in. long, 
-s-z m. wide 5-nerved, glabrous ; fruits J in. long, glabrous ; 
P^PPUs-setae barbellate, i in. long, purplish ; style far exserted, 
T-. ^f Mets^, corolla-tube fim long, narrow! 
cyhndnc below, widened and subcampanulate above the 
XZ?; ? labr + ? US; l0 u eS lanceolate > ^bacute, very short, 
— \ E ^ ab ° Ut i in - lon 2' P"^; ^uits and 
S2E? ta Y S * ra ?- flor ^; ^yle 1 eiserted, its arms 
recurved, pubescent. 

outio^^Lt^""^ S ' WW—*: «. »th ere; 5, smarms 


V5j-icentBrooks,Day&Son. Lt^irap 

L -Reeve &.C?Loruk 

Tab. 8473. 
rosa sertata. 


Bosaceae. Tribe Roseae. 
Ropa, Linn. ; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 

Rosa (§ Cmnnmomeae) sertata, Eolfe; species ex affinitate R. Webbianae, 
Wall., a qua habitu laxiori, aculeis tenuioribus, foliis longioribus et fructu 
angustioii differt. 

Frutex ramosus, 1-1-5 m. altus; ramuli glanci, aculeis geminatis rectis 
gracilibus circiter 1 cm. longis armati, vel rarius inermes. Folia conflrta, 
4-10 cm. longa, 7-11-foliolata ; rhachis sparse glanduloso-.'-etulosa et 
aculeolata; fbliola sub-essdia, elliptica vel elliptico-oblonga, obfu-a, acute 
dentata, subtus glauca, 1-2 cm. longa; stipnlae adnatae, aiiguste oblongae, 
a-utae _ vel subobtusae, ciliato-glandulo.^ae. 8-10 mm. longae. Fio> es 
spec'osi, rosei vel roseo-purpurei, 5-6 cm. diamttro, in ramulomm brevinm 
apicibus pauci vel solitarii ; pedurculi 1*5-3 cm. lonu, glanduloso-setulosi 
vel laeves. Beceptaculum anguste ovoideum, glandulososetulosum vel 
laeve, 5-10 mm. longum. Calycit, lobi ovato-lanceulati, caudato-acuminati, 
interdum foh'acei, puberuli, glanduloso-setulosi vt-1 laevi. 1-2 cm. longi, 
subpa+entep. I'etala late obcordata. FUameuta glabra, 3-5 mm. longa, 
antberis aureis. Fructus ovoidius, apice altecuatu •, s;turate ruber, circiter 
2 cm. longns, eepalis persistentibus. Achatnium basi et duivo villosum, 3 mn . 
longum; styli villosiincolumnamimm.longamcohaerentes.— R. Wtbblana, 
Vilmorin in Fruticet. Vilmorin. p. 93; nee Wall.— R. A. Eolfe. 

The handsome Rose here figured is one grown from 
Chinese seeds obtained by Mr. E. H. Wilson on behalf* of 
Messrs. J. Veitch and Sons, which flowered in the Kew collec- 
tion in June 1910. The flowers show that it is identical 
with another plant collected by Mr. A. Henry, which the 
late Professor Crepin thought might be a small-leaved form 
of A', macrophylla. Lindl., and with two other Chinese plants 
presented by Messrs. Vilmorin, Andrieux, as R. Webhiana, 
Wall. Neither of the suggestions hitherto offered is, how- 
ever, wholly satisfactory. From R. macrophylla the species 
here descrihtd as R. sertata differs in its much smaller 
rounded leaflets and in numerous other details ; from 
R. Webhiana it is easily distinguished by its laxer habit, 
its few slender straight stipulary thorns, and its more 
slender, beaked fruit. It is more nearly allied to R. Will- 
mottiae, Hemsl., a plant figured at t. 8 1 8(5 of this work, 

Janiabv, 1913. 

than it is to R. Webbiana, but R. Willmottiae is a much 
smaller plant in all its parts than the subject of our plate. 
In gardens R. sertata will be valued for its graceful habit; 
it makes long slender shoots which in the following season 
become gracefully arched and bear in mid- June a profusion 
of its beautiful flowers followed by richly coloured fruits, 
while it has the finely cut, daintily formed leaves and the 
glaucous stems that have rendered its allies R. Webbiana 
and R. Willmottiae such favourites among wild roses. It 
has so far succeeded well in stiff loam and gives promise of 
being a more vigorous shrub in gardens than R. Webbiana. 
So far the only experience of its propagation has been from 
seed, but it is probable that, like R. Webbiana, it may be 
increased by layers and perhaps by autumn cuttings. 

Description. — Shrub, branched, 3-5 ft. high ; twigs 
glaucous, armed with straight, slender, geminate prickles 
over -} in. long, rarely unarmed. Leaves clustered, lf-4 in. 
long, 7-11-foliolate, rachis sparingly glandular-setulose and 
prickly ; leaflets subsessile, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 
sharply toothed, glaucous beneath, -i— § in. long, stipules 
adnate, narrow-oblong, acute or somewhat blunt, ciliate- 
glandular, ^ in. long. Flowers showy, rose or rose-purple, 
2-2\ in. across, few or solitary at the ends of abbreviated 
twigs; peduncles f-l£ in. long, glandular-setulose or 
smooth. Receptacle narrow-ovoid, glandular-setulose or 
smooth, £-1 in. long. Calyx lobes ovate-lanceolate, caudate- 
acuminate, sometimes leafy, puberulous, glandular-setulose 
or smooth, J-f in. long, somewhat spreading. Petals wide- 
obcordate. Filaments glabrous, £-£ in. long; anthers 
golden-yellow. Fruit ovoid, narrowed at the top, deep red, 
about | in. long, crowned by the persistent sepals. Achenes 
villous at the base and on the back, \ in. long ; styles villous, 
cohering in a column \ in. long. 

J^l\fnatl^T*'' 3 ' * CarPCl; 4 ' "^ *■"••-» ■*■>■< «"* 4, 



VmoentBroo'ks.Dagr&Soii L-dxmp 

i.F.eeve &C?London. 

Tab. 8474. 

Tropical Africa. 

Vebbenaceae. Tribe Yiticeae. 
Clef.odendbon, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1155. 

Clerodendron Bakeri, Giirke in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. viii. p. 175 ; Baker in 
Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa, vol. v. p. 296; affinis C. Schwein/urthii, Giirke, 
sed foliis superne grosse repando-dentatis calycis dentibus majoribus 

Frutex adl'3m. altus; rami juniores pubescentes. Folia oblongo-elliptica vel 
obovato-elliptica, acute subcaudatim acuminata, basi rotundata vel leviter 
cuneata, 9-20 cm. longa, 5-10 cm. lata, parte superiore grosse repandc- 
dentata, parte inferiore integra vel subintegra, tenuiter chartacea, nervis 
exceptis utrinque glabra, nervis infra puberulis vel interdum parce pilosis, 
lateralibus utrinque circiter 8 arcuatis infra prominentibus, nervis tertiariis 
laxe subparallelis; petioli l*5-2 # 5 cm. longi, verrucosi, tomentelli. Cymae 
axillares, pedunculatae, dense multiflorae, circiter 12 cm. expansae; 
pedunculi 5-15 cm. longi, glabri vel parce puberuli; bracteae bracteo- 
laeque lineari-subulatae, usque ad 3 mm. longae, puberulae. Flores albi. 
Calycis tubus longe campanulatus, 3 mm. longus, circiter 2 mm. diametro, 
glaber ; dentes triangulares, subobtusi, vix 2 mm. longi, glabri. Caroline 
tubus gracilis, 3-3 • 5 cm. longus, extra glaber; lobi patentes, elliptici vel 
oblongo-elliptici, apice rotundati, 6-8 mm. longi, 4-5 mm. lad, glabri. 
Filamenta circiter l - 5cm. exserta, erecta, demum recurva, glabra ; antherae 
vix 2 mm. longae. Stylus gracillimus, ad 2 cm. exsertus, glaber. Fructus 
niger, obovoideus, 1 cm. longus, glaber, calyce accrescente carnoso albes- 
cente parte inferiore cinctus. — C. congense, Baker in Kew Bulletin, 1892, 
p. 127, non Engler.— J. Hutchinson. 

The pleasing Clerodendron which forms the subject of our 
illustration is a native of West Tropical Africa, where it has 
been collected both in the region of the Lower Congo and 
in Sierra Leone. In the latter country it occurs, according 
to Mr. Scott Elliot, near rivers, and" forms a handsome 
fragrant shrub about four feet high. The plant from which 
the material for our figure has been obtained is one which 
was presented to Kew in 1910 by Captain Munro, R.N., of 
Woodlands, Binfield. Grown in a tropical stove it flowered 
in March and ripened fruits in June 1911, and again in 1912. 
The nearest ally of C. Bakeri is C. Schweinfurthii, Giirke, a 
species collected by Dr. Schweinfurth in Niam-niamland, 
which is most easily distinguished by its almost entire leaves 

Januaiiy, 1913. 

and its smaller, more acute calyx-teeth. With care and 
under stove conditions C. Bakeri may be grown into a 
very decorative plant. 

Description.— Shrub, 4 ft. high ; young branches pubes- 
cent. Leaves oblong- or obovate-elliptic, sharply almost 
caudately acuminate, base rounded or slightly cuneate, 
3£-8 m. long, 2-4 in. wide, margin in anterior half coarsely 
repandly toothed, m the basal half subentire or entire, thinly 
chartaceous, glabrous except on the nerves on both faces 
nerves puberulous or sometimes sparingly pilose beneath' 
lateral arch. ug, raised beneath, about 8 on each side, con- 
nected by almost parallel veins; petiole f-1 in lono- 
verrucosa, somewhat hairy. Cymes axillary, peduncledi 
densely many-flowered, about 5 in. across ; peduncles 
2-G in. long glabrous or sparingly puberulous; bracts and 
bracteoles linear-subulate, 1-U l in . long pub erulous. 
Flowers white Caly X -tuhe rather deeply campanula*, 
U lin long, 1 lm. wide, glabrous; teeth triangular, some' 

dene 1« I!"" 7 * Y^**' &**»*• ^olla-tl 
sender, lj-ll , n . long glabrous outside; lobes spreading, 

elliptic or oblong-elliptic, rounded at the tip/4-4 in lonl 

tri in. wide, glabrous. Filaments long, exserted' 2 in' 

erect, at length recurved, glabrous ; anthers barely 1 lin.' 

long Style very slender, exserted § in., glabrous. Fruit 

8SS3; ttS6ff3R" bal ™ nded b >" 



"\iacent Brooks pay*. SonLt^imp 

Tab. 8475. 

Aroideae. Tribe Pythonieae. 
Amorphophallus, Blame; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 970. 

Amorphophallus corrugatus, N. E. Brown in Kew Bulletin, 1912, p. 269 ; 
affinis A. Kerrii, N. E. Brown, sed ovariis atropurpureis, stylis longioribus 
et appendice valde corrugata facile distinguitur. 

Uerba tuberosa perennis. Tuber 4-5 cm. diametro, depre«so-subglobosum. 
Folium solitarium; petiolus 45-60 cm. longns, sordide viridis, fusco- 
maculatns et punctatus ; lamina radiato-tripartifa, viridis; partitiones 
25 cm. longae, irregulariter pinnatisectae et furcatae, segmenta sessilia, 
decurrentia, 3-15 cm. longa, 2-6 cm. Jata, elliptico ovata vel elliptico- 
oblonga, subcuspidato-acuminata, basi subcuneato-angustata. Pedunculus 
25-55 cm. longns, ad 1 cm. crassus, sordide viridis et albido-variegatus et 
fusco-punctatus. Spatha erecta, 7-15 cm. longa, 3-7 cm. lata, cucullata, 
apice leviter fornicata, obtusa, ba-4 brevissime convoluta, marginibns 
leviter undulatis, glabra, extra viridis versus basin albido-variegata, 
marginibus purpureo-tinctis, intra albida, apice viridis, margiuibus 
purpureis. tipadix spatha multo brevior, stipitata ; stipes albus ; pars 
feminea 1*5-3 cm. longa, ad 1'8 cm. crassa, cylindrica, fusco-purpurea ; 
ovarium globosum, in stylum 2-3 mm. longum abrupte contractum, 
stigmate punctiformi; pars mascula 1*5-2 cm. longa, ad 14 cm. crassa, 
eylindrica, roseo-tincta vel carnea; appendix 1*5-3 cm. longa, ad 2 cm. 
crassa, irregulariter ovoidea, obtusa, prufunde corrugata, sordide ochracea. 
— N. E. Bbown. 

The Aroid genus Amorphophallus includes some seventy- 
five species, widely spread in tropical and subtropical forests 
in the Old World, of which about one-sixth have already 
been figured in this work. That which forms the subject 
of our illustration was discovered by Dr. A. F. G\ Kerr in 
the evergreen forest on the Doi Sootep mountain, in the 
district of Chiengmai, Siam, at an altitude of 5000 ft. 
above sea-level. Herbarium material of the plant was sent 
by Dr. Kerr to Kew, while living tubers were forwarded 
by him to the Botanic Garden of Trinity College, Dublin. 
Here one of these tubers, grown under stove conditions, 
flowered in April 1912, and supplied the material from 
which our plate has been prepared. To the courtesy of 
Professor H. H. Dixon, by whom the flower had been sent, 
we are further indebted for the subsequent communication 
January, 1913. 

of the leaf produced by the same tuber. Specifically A. 
corrugatus is readily distinguished from its nearer allies by 
the spathe being open in front almost to the base, by the 
remarkably corrugated appendix, and by the purple ovaries 
which are well exposed to view. The delicate shading of 
the rather agreeably coloured spathe and spadix render this 
species more ornamental than some other members of the 

Description.—//^, tuberous, perennial; tuber up to 
2 m across, depressed subglobose. Leaf solitarv, petiole 
h~f ft lon £> dirty-green, with tawny dots and'blotches ; 
lamina radiately 3-partite, green ; sections 10 in. lon«- 
irregularly pmnatisect and furcate; segments sessile de- 
current, 11-6 in. long, f-2| in. wide, elliptic-ovate or 
elliptic-oblong, almost cuspidately acuminate, base cuneately 
narrowed. Peduncle 10-22 in. long, about 5 lin. thick 
dirty-green with white blotches and tawny dots. Spathe 

ei ' eC u' i~ , in ' l0D ?' J i~ 3 in ' wide ' hooded > tne ap^ slightly 
vaulted, obtuse, the base slightly convolute, margins slightly 
undulate, glabrous, outside green and mottled with white 
towards the base, the margins slightly purplish, inside 
whitish green at the tip, the margins purple. Spadix 
much shorter than the spathe, stipitate ; stipe white ; female 
portion f-U m. long, f in. thick, cylindric, tawny-purple- 
ovary globose, suddenly narrowed into a style 1-1 A lin' 
long, stigma punctiform ; male portion §-§ in. long, f in' 
thick , cylindric, rose- or flesh-coloured ; appendix *-U in' 
ochre- eHow K ' k ' irregula1 ^ 0void > dee P^ corrugated, dirty 

84 76 




jBeeve StC° London. 

Tab. 8476. 
ASTER Purdomii. 


Compositae. Tribe Asteroideae. 
Aster, Linn. : Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 271. 

Aster Purdomii, Hutchinson ; species inter asiaticis foliis radicalisms petiolai is 
ovatis vel ovato-elliptieis, 2-3-denticulatis, pappi setis externis qtmm 
iuternis multo bruvioribus valde distincta. 

Merba circiter 15 cm. alfa. CauUs monocephalus, ad basin paucifoliutus, 
ceterum nudus, purpnreo-viridis, pilis refl xis pubescens. Folia radicalia 
pauea, petiolata, ovata vel ovato-clliptica, apice obtnpa basi rotundatn vel 
leviter cuneata, 3-3-5 cm. longa, 2-2-5 cm. lata, cbartacea, margine 
iitrinqne 2-3-denticulata, supra basin trinervia, utrinque breviW setnloso- 
pubescentia, nervis supra immersis snbtus elevatis; canlina sessiha, 
oblongo-lanccolata, subacuta, ad 3 cm. longa et 2 cm. lata, Integra vel 
subintegra, breviter pubescentia. Cajritulum 6 cm. diametro; liwolucn 
bracteae subtriseriatae, recurvatae, lineari-lanceolatie, rnucronulatae, 
inter se subaequales, 1 cm. Iongae, 2 mm. latae, virides, albo-cibatae, 
extra pilosae pilis basi nigris, intus inferne glabrae, superne appresse 
pubescentes. Flores radii circiter 40; tubus subnullus; lamma lmeari- 
lanceolata, apice bifida vel trifida, 2-5 cm. longa, 3-5 mm. lata, pallide 
violacea, medio 7-nervia; stylus 7 mm. longus. Flores disci numcrosi, 
pallide flavi; tubus 5 mm. longus, infra medium constrictus vmdisque, 
medio parce pilosus; lobi lanceolati, subobtusi, 1 ■ 25 mm. longi, aurantaaci ; 
ovarium 2 mm. longum, pubescens; pappus biseriatus, externus v]x 1 mm. 
longus, interims filiformis, 6 mm. longus, barbellatus.— J. Hutchinson. 

The pleasing little Aster here figured was discovered by 
Mr. W. Purdom, while collecting on behalf of Messrs. 
J. Veitch and Sons, at Tai-pei-shan in the province of 
Shensi, Northern China. It flowered for the first time m 
the nursery of Messrs. Yeitch at Coombe Wood in May 1912, 
and the material for our illustration was derived from one 
of their plants. In habit A. Purdomii resembles some of 
the forms of the widely distributed A. alpinus, Lmn., 
figured long ago at t. 199 of this work, but it may be 
distinguished from this and indeed from all the other 
Asters of Asia by the distinctly stalked ovate or ovate- 
elliptic radical leaves with two or three small marginal 
teeth, which are associated with flowering stems that are 
Jaotjaby, 1913. 

scarcely leafy and bear solitary heads. The species, which 
is perfectly hardy, promises to be a desirable acquisition for 
the rock garden ; it has a tufted habit and flowers freely. 

Description.— Herb, about 6 in. high; stems 1 -headed, 
sparingly leafy below, elsewhere naked, greenish-purple, 
pubescent with reflexed hairs. Leaves : radical few, 
petioled, ovate or ovate-elliptic, obtuse, base rounded or 
slightly_ cuneate, margin 2-3-denticulate on each side, 
lj-l^ m. long, f-1 in. wide, chartaceous, triplinerved, 
shortly setulose-pu Descent on both surfaces, nerves sunk 
above, raised beneath; cauline sessile, oblong-lanceolate, 
subacute, up to l£ in. long, f in. wide, entire or nearly so, 
shortly pubescent. Flower-heads 2± in. across; involucral 
bracts obscurely 3-seriate, recurved, linear-lanceolate, mn- 
cronulate, almost uniform, f in. long, 1 lin. wide, green, 
wnite-cihate, pilose outside with black-based hairs, inside 
glabrous low down, adpressed pubescent upwards.' Ray- 
Jiorets about 40 ; tube obsolete, limb linear-lanceolate, 2-3-fid 
at the tip, 1 in. long, 1J-2J lin. wide, pale violet, 7-nerved; 
style ¥ in. long. Disk-florets numerous, pale yellow ; tube 

* -?ji 8 ' green and constricted below the middle, at the 
middle sparingly pilose ; lobes lanceolate, somewhat blunt 
under 1 lin. long, orange; ovary 1 lin. long, pubescent! 
pappus 2-senate, hair of the outer series very short, under 
4, lin. long, of the inner series filiform, barbellate, ± in lone- 

rs J ig- k ™y" fl ? ret 7 iih Potion of limb removed: 2 disk-floret- <t ami 4 
pappus-hairs; o, anthers :— all enlarged. ' ulSKnoret > d ancl *. 



Afrncent.Brooks,Day & SonLt4jmp. 

L. Reeve & C? London. 

Tab. 8477. 

COELOGYNE cristate 

Temperate Himalaya. 

Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Coelogtne, Lindl ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 518. 

Coelogyne cristata, Lindl. Colled. Bot. sub t. 33; Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 39; 
Fol. Orch. Coeloff. p. 8; et in Bot. Beg. 1841, t. 57; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 
Vol. v. p. 829; King & Pantl. in Ann. Boy. Bot. Gard. Calc. vol. viii. p. 133, 
t. 184; Pfitzer in Engl. Pflanzenr., Orch.-Coelog. p. 65; species distinctis- 
sima, scapis arcuatis brevibus floribus maximis albis et labelli lamellis 
longe fimbriatis distinguenda. 

Ilerba epiphytica. Bhizoma repens, validum, vaginis numerosis imbricatis 
vestitum. Pseudobulbi subdistantes, ovato-ellipsoidei, demum longitu- 
dinaliter corrugati, 4-6 cm. longi, diphylli. Folia lanceolata, acuminata, 
subplieata, prominenter trinervia, basi attenuata vel breviter petiolata, 
12-25 cm. longa, 2-2-5 cm. lata. Scapi ad basin pseudobulbi, 15-20 cm. 
longi, arcuati, basi vaginis imbricatis vestiti ; racemi 5-7-flori. Bracteae 
patentes, oblongo-lanceolatae, acutae, 4-5 cm. longae. Pedicelli 3-4 cm. 
longi. Flores speciosi, alhi, labelli cristis flavis. Sepala et petala patentia, 
subaequalia, oblonga, subobtusa, undulata, circiter 5 cm. longa. Labellum 
trdobum, circiter 4 cm. longum; lobi laterales oblongi, obtusi, basin 
columnae amplectentes, apice subreflexi; lobus medius suborbicularis yel 
late rhomboideo-ovatus, obtusus, 2-2-5 cm. latus; discus 5-carinatus; 
carinas humiles, in fimbrias longas solutae, ante isthmum in laminam 
brevem triangularem crenatam extensae. Columna clavata, e basi gracili 
late alata, circiter 3 cm. longa. Pollinia 4, oblonga, compressa, apice in 
massulam granulosam cohaerentia.— Cymbidium speciosissirr!um,Don Prodr. 
PI. Nepal, p. 35.— E. A. Eolfe. 

The Coelogyne here figured has long been regarded as 
perhaps the most beautiful species in the genus. Easy to 
cultivate in a warm greenhouse, it is generally grown and 
is held in much esteem. This esteem is well deserved ; its 
racemes of large white flowers are remarkably elegant ; 
their value is enhanced by the fact that they are developed 
in winter and last several weeks. They are consequently 
much prized as materials for bouquets, wreaths and decora- 
tions. Sometimes in this country specimen clumps over 
six feet across and bearing hundreds of flowers have been 
grown, but the finest display in our greenhouses fails to 
convey any conception of the appearance of a forest-clad 
spur in the Eastern Himalaya when C. cristata fa in blossom. 
Most abundant from Central Nepal eastward to Bhutan, the 
species actually extends from Kumaon in the west to the 
FEBRCABr, 1913. 

Jain tea and Khasia Hills in the east. The plant appears 
to have heen first met with by Wallich near Khatmandu in 
1819, and was described from Wallieh's material independ- 
ently by Lindley in 1821 and by D. Don in 1825. The 
species was introduced to cultivation by Mr. Gibson in 1837; 
the first plant to flower in England did so early in 1841 in 
the collection of Mr. G. Barker of Springfield, Birmingham. 
As might be anticipated in a species with so wide a range, C. 
cristata varies somewhat ; two of the most beautiful varieties 
known in collections are Lemoniana, which appeared many 
years ago in the collection of Sir Charles Lemon, at Carclew 
near Falmouth, and alba, which appeared first in the collection 
of Mr. T. A. Titley, Leeds; a third very striking variety is 
that known as maxima, introduced by Messrs. Sander and 
Sons, St. Albans. In Sir 0. Lemon's variety the hairs on 
the lip are light citron-yellow in place of orange ; in that 
of Mr. Titley the flowers are pure white throughout. The 
variety imported by Messrs. Sander has larger flowers with 
petals and sepals of firmer texture than in the type. 

Description— Herb, epiphytic ; rhizome stout, creeping, 
clothed with many imbricate sheaths; pseudobulbs some- 
what separated, ovate-ellipsoid, ultimately longitudinally 
wrinkled, lf-2$ in. long, 2-foliate. Leaves lanceolate, 
acuminate, somewhat plicate, distinctly 3-nerved, narrowed 
to the base and sometimes shortly petioled, 5-12 in. long, 
|-1 in. wide. Scapes basal, 6-8 in. long, curved, clothed 
below with imbricate sheaths ; racemes 5-7-flowered ; bracts 
spreading oblong-lanceolate, acute, lf-2 in. long; pedicels 
I5-14 m. long. Flowers showy, white, the lip usually with 
yellow crests. Sepals and petals spreading, subequal, oblong, 
somewhat blunt, undulate, about 2 in. long. Lip 3-lobed, 
about U in. long; lateral lobes oblong, obtuse, embracing 
base ot column, somewhat reflexed at the tip ; mid-lobe 
suborbicular or wide rhomboid-ovate, blunt, |-1 in. wide; 
disk 5-crested ; crests shallow, breaking up into long pro- 
cesses and continued beyond the isthmus as a short triangular 
crenate lamina Column clavate, wide-winged from a narrow 
base, about 1| in. long. Pollinia 4, oblong, compressed, 
cohering at the tip in a granular body. 

Fig- 1, lip; 2, column; 3, pollinia :~all enlarged. 





L Reeve &. C ? Lon do n 

Tab. 8478. 

RHODODENDRON sqblanceolatum. 


Ericaceae. Tribe Ehodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron sublanceolatum, Miquel, Ann. Mm. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. vol. ii. 
p. 163 ; Gard. Chron. 1911, vol. xlix. p. 342, cum tab. ; ab affini B. indico, 
Sweet, calycis lobis majoribus ciliatis dorso glabris, corolla majore recedit. 

Frutex; ramuli primo adpresse rufulo-setosi, setis mox pallescentibus dein 
deciduis, brunneo- vel fusco-brunneo-corticati. Folia lanceolata, anguste 
elliptica vel oblanceolata, utrinque angustata, apice mucronulata, interdum 
obtusa vel fere rotundata, 2 5-7 cm. longa, 1-2 -9 cm. lata, coriacea, subtus 
costa nervisque setis rufis iis ramulornin costaeque supra similibus mox 
pallescentibus, supra nervulis pilis rufis deciduis instructa, nervis latera- 
libus utrinque 5-9 cum transversa pagina inferiore prominulis superiore 
immersis, margine sicco recurvo strigoso-ciliata, petiolo plerumque vix 
1 cm. longo adpresse rufo-setuloso setulis mox pallescentibus dein plus 
minusve deciduis suffulta. Flores speciosi, terminales ; bracteae deciduae, 
circiter 1-5 cm. longae, dorso rufulo-strigosae ; pedicelli bracteas paulo 
superantes, rufulo-strigosi. Calycis segmenta inter se parum inaequalia, 
plerumque oblonga, apice rotundata, ad 6 mm. longa et 4 mm. lata, 
dorso glabra; strigoso-ciliata. Corolla ad 5 '5 cm. longa, vix ad 
medium lobata, lobis ovato- vel elliptico-rotundatis. Stamina 10, mclusa ; 
filamenta parte inferiore pubescentia. Ovarium ambitu oblongum, 
adpresse strigosum ; stylus stamina paulo excedens, glaber.— B. indicum, 
Sweet, var. sinensis, Buerger ex Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. vo . l. 
p. 33. B. indicum, Sweet, var. sublanceolatum, Makino in Bot. Mag. lokyo 
vol. xviii. p. 100. Azalea sublanceolata, O. Kuntze Bev. Gen. PI. vol. u. 
p. 387.— W. G. Craib. 

The subject of our illustration, Rhododendron sublanceo- 
latum, is an Azalea which is cultivated rather widely in 
Japan as the ' Chinese Azalea.' It is undoubtedly very 
nearly allied to E. indicum, Sweet, and observers so 
competent as Dr. Buerger and Mr. Makino have even 
suggested that our plant may be considered a variety of 
that Chinese species. But R. sublanceolatum > differs so 
markedly from R. indicum, not only in the size of the 
flowers but in the form of the calyx, that this suggestion 
appears to be as unnecessary from the systematic as it is 
inconvenient from the cultural standpoint, and there is no 
doubt that Mr. Craib is justified in treating the two as 
distinct. It now appears, moreover, that R. sublanceolatum 

February, 1913. 

is not a Chinese plant at all, but that its home is in the 
Loo-Choo Islands. The material from which our figure 
was prepared was taken from a plant growing in the 
nursery of Mr. R C. Notcutt at Woodbridge. The plant 
selected was one of the richest as regards tint of corolla 
in a large and rather variable batch in flower there in 
June 1912. Under cultivation this species should receive 
much the treatment that is required in the case of the 
hardier forms of B. indicum. In a peaty moist soil it is 
likely to prove robust in sheltered spots in the south- 
western parts of the United Kingdom, but as to its capacity 
to withstand the rigours of a really severe winter experi- 
ence is wanting. It is increased by cuttings of moderately 
firm wood in late summer placed in bottom heat. 

Description. — Shrub; twigs at first adpressed reddish- 
setulose, hairs soon getting paler and at length disappearing ; 
bark brown or tawny. Leaves lanceolate, narrow-elliptic 
or oblanceolate, tapering to both extremities, mucronulate, 
sometimes obtuse or almost rounded, margin strigose-ciliate, 
when dry recurved, 1-2| in. long, ^-1^ in. wide, coriaceous, 
more or less pubescent on the nerves on both surfaces, 
lateral nerves 5-9 on each side somewhat sunk above and 
raised beneath, as are the transverse veins ; petiole usually 
under -J in. long, adpressed reddish-setulose, the hairs soon 
becoming paler and ultimately disappearing. Flowers 
showy, terminal ; bracts deciduous, about } in. long, 
reddish-strigose on the back ; pedicels rather longer than 
the bracts, reddish-strigose. Calyx-lobes slightly unequal, 
usually oblong, rounded at the tip, 3 lin. long, 2 lin. wide, 
glabrous behind, margin strigose and glandular-ciliate. 
Corolla over 2 in. long, lobed not quite to the middle, 
lobes ovate- or elliptic-rounded. Stamens 10, included, fila- 
ments pubescent in the lower half. Ovary oblong, adpressed- 
strtgose ; style rather longer than the stamens, glabrous. 

Ffc 1, calyx and pistil; 2, section of calyx, showing ovary; 3, hairs; 4 and 
o, stamens; fa, transverse section of ovary :—all enlarged. 




Tab. 8479. 



Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Cytisus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hvoh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 484. 

Cytisus nigricans, Linn. Sp. Plant, ed. i. p. 739 ; Koch, Syn. ed. ii. p. 169 ; 
Nyman, Conspectus p. 156 et Suppl. p. 84; Beichb. Ic. vol. xxii. t. mmlxxi; 
ab afflni C. glabrescente, Sart., racemis terminalibus legumine haud glabro 

Frutex ; ramuli primo adpresse breviter albo-pubescentes, mox glabri vel fere 
glabri,fusco-corticati. i<W«atrifoliolatavel rarissime quinquefoliolata,petiolo 
5-15 mm. longo supra canahculato breviter adpresse pubeseente suffulta ; 
foliola oblanceolata vel late oblanceolata, apice rotundata, apiculata, basi 
cuneata, lateralia 8-15 mm. longa, 5-8 mm. lata, terminali parnm majore, 
chartacea, supra glabra, subtus parce adpresse hirsutula, nervis lateralibus 
pagina utraque obscuris vel subobscuris, breviter petiolulata. Bacemi 
terminates sub anthesin circiter 17 cm. longi, rhachi ramulis novellis 
simili; bracteae deciduae; pedicelli ad 6 mm. longi, ante anthesin apice 
decurvati, sub anthesin recti, indumento ramulorum; bracteola solitaria, 
2-5 mm. longa, paulo infra pedicelli apicem inserta, plerumque in fructu 
persistens. Calyx bilabiatus, 3 mm. longus, extra adpresse breviter 
pnbescens, dentibns parvis lanceolatis. Corolla lutea ; vexillum refractum 
suborbiculare, eraarginatum, circiter 5*5 mm. longum et 6 -5 mm. latum, 
extra glabrum, intus versus basin tenuiter pilosum, ungui fere 1*6 mm. 
longo; alae 6 mm. longae, 3*5 mm. latae, ungui circiter 2 mm. longo; 
carina' 7 5 mm. longa, 4 mm. lata, ungui 1-5 mm. longo. Stamina 
monadelpha. Ovarium 7 mm. altum ; stylus 4 mm. longus. Legumen 
plerumque circiter 3 cm. longum, 5 mm. latum, fuscum, tenuiter adpresse 
pubescens. Semina circiter 3'5 mm. longa, pallide brunnea, nitida, 
strophiolo parvo alba— C. glaber, a, Lamk. Fl. Franc, vol. ii. p. 621. 
(!. virgatus, Salisb. Prodr. p. 330. 0. unibracteatus, Lmdem. Prodr. Fl. 
Czerniz. in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. vol. iv. p. 471. Genista nigricans, Scheele 
in Flora vol. xxvi. p. 438; Briquet, Les Cytises des Alpes maritimes 
p. 122.— W. G. Cbaib. 

The Broom which forms the subject of our illustration, 
an old favourite in gardens, is useful in flowering at a 
season, from the end of June to August, when the majority 
of shrubs have gone out of bloom. Its tall erect racemes 
make it very distinct among the hardy Brooms. The 
wealth of blossom is followed by a great quantity of seed 
which enables the stock to be easily renewed. But this 
excessive fertility is associated with a tendency to be short- 
lived, and it is therefore well to go over the plants as soon 
as the flowers are past and cut away all save a few of the 
old racemes. As the flowers are borne on the growths of 
February, 1913. 

the current season this Broom may be pruned back in spring 
to within an inch or two of the old wood. Its other re- 
quirements are best met by a well-drained loamy soil and a 
sunny position. Usually considered a Cytisus this plant has, 
however, been treated by Bentham and Hooker as the type 
of a very distinct monotypic section, Lembotropis, within 
that genus, and Dr. Briquet, who has added to that section 
another species, C. glabrescens, Sart., has transferred the 
two allied forms composing it to the genus Genista, Linn. 
In so far as regards the former conclusion there can be 
little hesitation in following Dr. Briquet; to whichever of 
the two genera our plant be referred its nearest ally is 
C. glabrescens. But so far as the latter is concerned it 
appears, as yet, preferable to follow Bentham and Hooker. 

Description. — Shrub; twigs at first shortly adpressed 
white-pubescent, soon becoming glabrous ; their bark tawny. 
Leaves 3-foliolate or rarely 5-foliolate ; leaflets oblanceolate 
or wide-oblanceolate, rounded and apiculate, base cuneate, 
the lateral -|— § in. long, £-J in. wide, the terminal rather 
longer, papery, glabrous above, sparingly adpressed-hairy 
beneath, lateral nerves rather obscure on both surfaces; 
petiolules very short ; petiole J-j in. long, channelled above, 
shortly adpressed-pubescent. Racemes terminal, in flower 
6-7 in. long; rhachis tomentose like the young twigs; 
bracts deciduous ; pedicels up to \ in. long, decurved at the 
tip, in flower straight, tomentose like the rhachis ; bracteole 
solitary to and near the tip of each pedicel, usually persisting 
in fruit. Calyx 2-lipped, 1£ lin. long, shortly adpressed- 
pubescent outside, teeth small, lanceolate. Corolla yellow; 
standard refracted, suborbicular, emarginate, under | in. 
long, over \ in. wide, glabrous outside, thinly pilose near 
the base within, claw under 1 lin. long ; wings \ in. long, 
| in. wide, claw 1 lin. long ; keel ■£ in. long, \ in. wide, 
claw under 1 lin. long. Stamens monadelphous. Ovary 
under | in. long ; style | in. long. Pod usually about J | in. 
long, | m. wide, tawny, thinly adpressed-pubescent. Seeds 
under \ m. long, pale brown, shining; strophiole small, white. 

Fig 1 flower, petals removed; 2, standard; 3, wing-petal; 4, keel-petal; 
o pistil; 6, pods; 7 and 8 segments of pod with solitary seed attached :-all 
enlarged except b and 7, which are of natural sue. 


M .^deLJ.KFitehiil\ 


.Reeve «cC? London. 

Tab. 8480. 
HELIOTROPIUM anchusaefolium. 

South America. 

Boragineae. Tribe Helioteopieae. 
Helioteopium, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 813. 

Heliotropium anchusaefolium, Poir. Encyc. Meth. Suppl. vol. iii. p. 23; 
Cham, in Linnaea vol. iv. p. 458; species H. sidaefolio, Cham., affinis, 
sed foliis lanceolatis vel linearibus sessilibusque differt. 

Jlerla perennis. Caules erecti, quadrangulati, hispidi. Folia alterna, lancec- 
lata vel lineari-lanceolata, membranacea, integra, margine undulata, apico 
acuta vel acutiuscula, sessilia, circiter 6" 5 cm. longa, 1-1 ■ 6 cm. lata, supra 
scabra, infra nervis hispida. Calyx 5-partitus, viscidulo-pilosus, 2 "5 mm. 
longus; segmenta linearia. Corolla infundibuliformis, 5-loba lobis rotun- 
datis; violacea; limbus circiter 6 mm. latus, tubus circiter 4 mm. longus 
supra stamina intus villosus. Stamina 5, sessilia, prope basin corollae 
tubi inserta; antherae l - 5 mm. longae, triangulari-cordatae, basifixae. 
Ovarium parvum, glabrum ; stigma peltatum, apice conicum, sessile. — 
Heliophytum anchusaefolium, DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 554.— J. J. Clabk. 

The Heliotrope which we figure is a native of South- 
eastern Brazil, Uruguay and Buenos Ay res. It bears a 
strong general resemblance to the Sweet-scented Heliotrope, 
II. peruvianum, Linn., figured long ago at t. 141 of this 
work, but is readily distinguished from its fragrant 
Peruvian congener by having odourless flowers. The 
species has long been known in gardens both in Europe and 
in North America, and we learn from Gray that it has 
become subspontaneous in Eastern Florida and often appears 
as a ballast weed about Philadelphia. The earliest descrip- 
tion, which we owe to Poiret, appeared in 1813; in 1829 
it was more fully described, apparently from South Brazil 
specimens of Sellow's collecting, by Chamisso. There has 
never been any confusion between H. anchusaefolium and 
II. peruvianum, whether in herbaria or in gardens. But 
there has been, and still often is, both among horticulturists 
and botanists, a tendency to confuse with Poiret's plant 
that described by Sir W. J. Hooker at t. 3096 of this work 
as Tournefortia heliotropioides. The two plants are, how- 
ever, specifically quite distinct, for that described by Hooker 
has broad elliptic leaves with petioles three-quarters of an 

February, 1913. 

inch long, while its flowers are somewhat smaller than those 
in Poiret's plant with the corolla less deeply lobed. But if 
the description given by Hooker be accurate, and there is 
no justification for the formation of a contrary conclusion, 
the two plants belong not only to different species, but to 
distinct genera. In the plant named H. anchusaefolium by 
Poiret, the fruit at first is divided into a pair of two-seeded 
mericarps, each of which finally divides into a couple of 
one-seeded nutlets ; just before this final division, and 
marking the plane in which it occurs, we find a groove 
round the fruit. In the plant named by him Toumefortia 
heliotropioides, the fruit is described by Hooker as a four- 
stoned berry. Dr. Giirke, accepting the general but 
erroneous belief that Poiret's plant is the same as Hooker's, 
and further adopting the description of the fruit given by 
Hooker as accurate, has transferred Toumefortia heliotro- 
pioides, Hook., to ^ the genus Cochranea as C. anchusaefolia, 
Giirke. Hooker's original description, however, points 
rather to his plant being, as he originally said, a Toume- 
fortia. But, however this may be, the popular belief which 
confuses Hooker's plant with that now figured, is one that 
cannot be sustained. For the material from which our 
illustration has been prepared we are indebted to Miss 
Willmott, in whose garden at Warley Place it flourishes 
freely. It also thrives well and flowers profusely at Kew, 
but requires to be protected from cold in winter. 

Description.— Herb, perennial; stems erect, 4-angled, 
hispid. Leaves alternate, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 
membranous, entire, undulate, acute or subacute, sessile, 
about 2£ m. long, J-} in. wide, scabrid above, hispid on 
the nerves beneath. Calyx 5-partite, viscidly hairy, JU in. 
ong; lobes linear. Corolla violet, funnel-shaped, 5-lobed, 
lobes rounded; limb about { in. across, tube i in. long, 
villous within above the stamens. Stamens 5, sessile, 
inserted near the base of the tube; anthers under 1 lin. 
long, triangular-cordate, basifixed. Ovary small, glabrous ; 
stigma peltate, conic at the tip, sessile. 



' Jtfcook 


Tab. 8481. 
AGATE Haynaldii. 

Mexico or Central America. 

Amabyllidaceae. Tribe Agaveae. 
Agate, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 733. 

Agave (§ Littaea) Haynaldii, Tod. HorL Bot. Pan. vol. i. p. 88, t. 21; Terrace, f. 
Pr. Contr. Monogr. Agav. p. 25; Baker, Handb. Amaryll. p. 170; species ex 
affinitate A. expatri rtae, Eose, sed differt foliis numerosioribus longioribus et 
inflorescentia altissima. 

Frutex acaulis; rosula circiter 80-folia, 1-2 m. alta, 2 m. lata. Folia erecto- 
patentia vel levissime incurvula, 9-11 dm. longa, lanceolato-ensiformia, 
longe acuminata et in spinam terminalem fere 3 cm. longam supra late 
canaliculatam subtriqnetram exeuntia, supra medium 9-11 cm. lata, basin 
versus valcle angustata cervice longo 5 - 5 cm. lato carnoso utrinque valdc 
convexo et basi circiter 5 cm. crassa, medium versus planiuscula, superne 
subcanaliculata, tenuius coriaceo-carnosa, subtus convexa, utrinque obscure 
viridia nitida laevissima, subtus sine lineis obscurioribus supra juvenilia 
tantum vitta pallidiore notata, margine angusto corneo primum castaneo 
dein cinereo aculeato continuo vel folii medio plerumque interrupto cincta, 
aculeis majusculis e basi latiore deltoideo-uncinatis saepe minoribus inter- 
jectis vel cum majoribus aggregatis, 5-9 mm. longis, basalibus minoribus 
crebrioribusque, summis remotioribus et sub apice folii tractu brevi 
deficientibus. Inflorescentia elata, valida, circiter 7'5 m. alta; pedunculus 
1 • 5 m. longus, 8 cm. diametro, viridis levissime pruinosus, bracteis vacuis 
e basi 4-4-5 cm. lata abrupte angustatis convolutis reflexis apice pungen- 
tibus, inferioribus 30 cm. longis subremote vestitus; spica cylindrica 
longissima basi laxior superne densi*sima, alabastris glauco-viridibus, 
flonbus expansis viridi-luteis ; bracteae filiformes reflexae, 20 mm. 
longae; flores plerumque 2-ni vel 3-ni, rarissime 4-8-ni, pedicellis 5-6 mm. 
longis crassis suffulti. Pervtnthii segmenta 19-22 mm. longa, carnosula, 
oblonga, obtusa, exteriora dorso crasse carinata, basi in tubum brevis- 
simum extra 9-10 mm. latum 6-sulcatnm connata, mox evanescentia et 
stamina amplectentia. Filamenta 5-5 '3 cm. longa, pallide viridi-lutea, 
gracilia, antheris luteis 20-22 mm. longis. Ovarium subcylindraceum, 
2-2-5 cm. longum, basi 7-8 mm. crassum, superne constrictum, pallide 
viride glauco-j)ruinosum ; stylus demum 5-5 cm. longus, filamentis ro- 
bustior; stigma paullo incrassatum, subtrilobum. — A. Beegee. 

The Agave which the late Professor Todaro named A. 
Haynaldii, in honour of the distinguished botanist Arch- 
bishop Haynald, is one that flowered in 1878 in the garden 
of Mr. Whitacker at Ai Colli near Palermo, and was 
probably originally obtained from some collection in England. 
The plant from which our illustration has been prepared is 
one sent by Dr. H. Ross from the Palermo Botanic Garden 
in May 1897 to that of the late Sir T. Hanbury at La 
Febbuaey, 1913. 

Mortola. It may therefore be accepted as an authentic 
example of A. Haynaldii, though it is found on comparing 
the La Mortola plant with the description and figure 
supplied by Todaro that there is some degree of variability 
in the size, disposition and direction of the lateral spines 
and in the dimensions and arrangement of the flowers. 
The horny leaf-border is less continuous and is generally 
interrupted in the middle in the La Mortola example ; its 
flowers, too, are somewhat smaller and are generally disposed 
in twos or threes, less often in fours ; there are never, as in 
the original Palermo plant, as many as eight in one cluster. 
The species to which A. Haynaldii bears the greatest 
resemblance is that described in 1900 as A. expatriata by 
Dr. Rose ; a comparison of the figures and descriptions of the 
two plants shows that they are very, perhaps too closely 
related. A member of the ' Marginatae ' group of Littaeas, 
easily recognised by the horny border of the leaves and 
by the short perianth-tube with lobes which embrace the 
stamens as soon as the anthers are ripe, A. Haynaldii is 
readily distinguished from the others by its larger size. 
The La Mortola example here figured showed signs of 
flowering towards the end of September 1910, the spike 
pushing with considerable rapidity and the first flowers 
opening in November ; the apical flowers opened in 
February 1911. 

Description.— Shrub, stemless ; rosette with about 80 
leaves, some 6 ft, wide, 4 ft. high. Leaves erecto-patent or 
slightly incurved, 3J-3J ft. long, 2 in. thick and very 
biconvex at the base, narrowed and flat towards the middle 
and somewhat channelled below the point, lanceolate- 
ensiform, about 3|-4J in. wide above the middle, thence 
tapering gradually into a long point with a wide-channelled, 
nearly 3-quetrous, brown end-spine, about 1 in. long, 
constricted towards the base into a long neck, 2-J in. wide, 
convex underneath but gradually thinner towards the point, 
coriaceous, dark glossy green, without darker lines on the 
back and only in young plants with a pale band on the 
upper surface; the margin with a spiny horny border, 
usually interrupted about the middle of the leaf, when young 
chestnut brown, soon becoming ash-grey, slightly repand 
between the spines, the lowest small and close, those of the 

middle of the leaf 2J-4^ lin. long, deltoid-uncinate from a 
broader base, generally with an intercalated smaller, occasion- 
ally 1-2 or more aggregated with a larger, the upper spines 
more distant and smaller, the leaf-point for about 2-3 in. un- 
armed. Inflorescence a cylindric spike 22-23 ft. high ; peduncle 
stout, 4^ ft. high over 3 in. thick, with many reflexed 
subulate convolute scarious empty bracts, 8-13 in. long; 
flowers generally 2-3 together, rarely 4 or 8, greenish- 
yellow, the buds and all other parts of the inflorescence 
pruinose ; bracts filiform, reflexed, pedicels very short, 
thick. Perianth-segments oblong, obtuse, fleshy, pale 
yellowish-green, |-1 in. long, soon withering and embracing 
the stamens, the outer 3 with a thickened dorsal rib, connate 
below in a very short 6-furrowed tube, § in. wide. Stamens 
inserted at the mouth of the tube ; filaments erect, 2 in. 
long or longer ; anthers yellow, under 1 in. long. Ovary 
cylindric, f-1 in. long, 3-3^ lin. wide, narrowed into a 
short beak under the perianth-tube ; style rather longer 
and stouter than the stamens ; stigma slightly capitate, 
obscurely 3-lobed. 

Tig. 1 and 2, anthers; 3, stigma; 4, sketch of an entire plant:— all enlarged 
except 4, which is much reduced. 


Vincent Hcoolcs ,Dajr&.S oruLt^unp 

X. Reeve &.C?XotlcL)xl. 

Tab. 8482. 
CYTISUS x Dallimorei. 

Garden Hybrid. 

Lkguminosae. Tribe Gknisteae. 
Cyt:sus, Linn,; Benth. tt Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 481 

Cytisus Dallimorei, Bolft in Gard. Chron. 1910, vol. xlvii. p. 397; Kew 
Bulletin, 1910, p. 323; Garden, 1910, p. 291; inter C. albo, Linn, et 
C. scuparii, Liuk, var. Andreana, Hort., hybrida. 

Frutex deeiduus ; canlis tandem 2-2 , 5-m2tralis, virgatim ranmsus ; ramu'i 
angnlati primnm adpresse pnbes-entes. Folia 1-3-foIiolat t ; fjlio'a 
lateralia anguste elliptica vel laiceolata, terminalia obl.-in eolata, 7-18 
mm. longa, 2-3 mm. lata, sessilia, acuti, sordide viridia, ciliata, priimim 
utrinque adpresse cinereo-pubescentia, tandem supra gkbrwrentia ; 
petiohis 3-12 mm. longus, parum a'atns. Floret speciosi, pipilionaeei, 
nodis annotinis singuli vel buii; pedi>elli pubescentes, 6-8 mm. 
longi. Calyx ga'eatus, 2-Iabatus, 3 mm. longus, glalx-r. Verillum 
orbicuhxri-cordttum breviter nngniculatnni, parum cucullatnm. 1' 2-1*5 
cm. Io immm, pallide roseo-purpureuin et basin versus rubro-lineolatuni. 
Alae 1-2 cm. longae, praesertim versus apices laete kerme>inae. Carina 
alba, purpureo-tincta. Stamina styloque glabra. Ovarium serice>- 
pube-cens. Legnmen 2 '5-3 cm. lougiim, 4-6 mm. latum secus suturas 
sericeuin, ceterum miuutissime verrucosum. — W. J. Bean. 

The Cytisus which forms the subject of our illustration is 
a hybrid raised at Kevv in 1900. A plant of C. scoparius, 
Link, var. Andreana, Hort. (Genista Andreana, A. Puiss.), 
was isolated in a greenhouse and the flowers were fertilised 
with the pollen of the well-known White Portugal Broom, 
C. albus, Linn. There is thus no doubt as to its origin, and 
it may be remarked in passing that it is as yet the only 
hybrid broom intentionally produced, other hybrids being 
the result of chance crosses made by insects. Andrews 
Broom, now well known in gardens, was discovered in 
Normandy about thirty years ago; it differs from typical 
C. scoparius in having rich brown-crimson wing-petals, the 
rest of the flower being yellow as in the type. The flowers of 
C. albus are milky-white, sometimes slightly tinged with rose. 
In C. Dallimorei the yellow of the female parent has almost 
disappeared and the whole flower has assumed some shade 
of rosy-purple, the wing-petals alone showing some approach 
to the rich coloui'ing of the wings in Andre's Broom. Only 
two seedlings were raised from the original cross — one with 
March, 1913. 

rosy flowers ( C. DalUmorel), the other with yellow flowers 
as shown at fig. B of our plate. From this second, yellow- 
flowered plant has been raised a seedling which has cream- 
coloured flowers touched with rose, as shown at fig. C of our 
plate. This last, is a very promising garden plant with 
much the character of C. praecox, Hort,, but without the 
offensive odour of that broom. The material for our plate 
has been derived from the original plants at Kew referred 
to above. As a garden plant C. Dallimorei is of great 
promise. It has scarcely the vigour of either parent ; the 
original plant, indeed, was for several years of feeble 
growth and vigour, and it was only when a twig was made 
strong enough to graft on a young Laburnum that its 
continued existence became assured. This grafted plant 
was the first to flower, and the stock has since been increased 
from it by the same method. The hybrid produces good 
seed and a number of plants have been raised, the flowering 
of which will be watched with interest. 

Description.— Shrub, deciduous, ultimately 6 to 8 ft, 
high, of thin, virgate habit ; branchlets angled and clothed 
with ad pressed hairs when young. Leaves unifoliolate or 
trifoliolate ; lateral leaflets narrowly elliptical or lanceolate, 
the middle one oblanceolate, I to | in. long, T ^ to J in. 
wide, sessile, acute, dull dark green, ciliate, and at first 
clothed with grey adpressed hairs on both surfaces, 
glabrescent above ; petiole J to \ in. long, flat and slightly 
winged. Flowers papilionaceous, produced in May from 
the nodes of the preceding year's growth, solitary or in 
pairs Calyx helmet-shaped, 2-lipped, -i in. long, glabrous. 
Standard orhiciilar-cordate with a short claw, somewhat 
cucullate, |- to f in. long, pale purple touched with rose and 
with deeper lines at the base ; wing petals J in. long, rich 
crimson, especially towards the ends; keel white, tinged 
with purple; peduncle slender, \ to \ in. long, pubescent. 
htamens and style glabrous. Ovary clothed with silky hairs. 
rod 1 to 1 \ m. long, \ to \ in. wide, pubescent on the 
sutures, roughened with minute warts. 

J'sf, r * m- DA "JMOREr; B . yellow-flowered seedling from same seed- 
s' n\ Lj V j \"? fr °- m B . ; }' flower ' P eta,s amoved; 2, standard ; 3 and 4, 
™;; r d *«H*teb; 5, pistil; 6, section of ovary:-A^C, of natural size; 




LReeve &.C? London. 

Tab. 8483. 



Magnoliaceae. Tribe Magnoukae. 
Magnjlia, Li7in. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 18. 

Magnolia salieifolia, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Petersb. vol. xvii. (1872), p. 118 ; 
Melanges Biol. vol. viii. p. 509 ; Franch. et Savatier, Enum. PI. Jap. vol. i. 
p. 16; Sargent in Garden and Forest, vol. vi. p. 65, fig. 12; Sargent, For. 
Fl. Jap. p. 10, t. 4 ; Shirasaiva, 1c. Essences For. Jap. vol. i. p. 72, t. 40 ; 
C. K. Schneider, III. JIandb. Laubholzlc. vol. i. p. 329 ; Ga^d. Chron. 1912, 
vol. li. p. 222, fig. 99 ; affinis M. Kobus, DC, a qua foliis lanceolatis, gt minis 
glabris facile distinguitur. 

Arbor decidua, gracilis, 4- 5-6 m. alta, trunco 3 dm. diametro. Hamuli hornotin 
laeves, annotini parce lentictllati. Gemmae glabrae. Folia lanceolata vei 
oblongo-lanceolata, acute vel obtuse acuminata, basi obtusa vel subcuneata, 
7-14 cm. longa, 2-5 cm. lata, supra opaca, viridia, subtus subglauca minute 
appresse puberula; nervi laterales utrinque 9-10; petioli graciles, 1-1-5 
cm. longi. Alabastratevsuta. FZorvs ramulos breves laterales tcrminantts, 
7-5-10 cm. diametro; pedicelli virides, crassi, circiter 5 mm. Ionjn. 
Sepala 3, patula, albido-viridula, ligularia, 3-4 cm. longa, mot decidua. 
Petala 6, nivea, angusto obovato-oblonga, 5-6 cm. longa, 1-3-1-8 cm. 
lata. Filamenta rosea; antherae connectivo ultra loculos producto. 
Pistilla viridia; stylus introrsum papillosus. Fructus aggregates carncus, 
4-7-5 cm. longus. Semina cocvimsa—Buergeria salieifolia, Sieb. et Zucc. 
Fam. Nat. pars 1, p. 79. Talavma salieifolia, Mitp in Ann. Mus. Bot. 
Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. p. 258.— T. A. Spkague. 

The Magnolia which forms the subject of our plate 
differs from all the other species in cultivation in its thin 
narrow leaves and slender twigs. The flowers on the whole 
recall most readily those of M. stellata, Maxim., figured at 
t. 6370 of this work. In that species, however, all the 
perianth leaves are petaloid, whereas in M. salieifolia, the 
species now figured, the perianth is differentiated into a 
calyx and a corolla. In this regard M. salieifolia agrees 
with its nearest ally, M. Kobus, DC, but is readily dis- 
tinguished by its lanceolate leaves and glabrous leaf-buds. 
According to Professor Matsumura M. salieifolia occurs in 
many localities in Nippon and is also found on Kmsiu ; 
Mr. Shirasawa gives its range of altitude as from 1700 to 
4500 feet above sea-level, and states that it naturally prefers 
a deep soil. The plant from which the material lor our 
Maboh, luiy. 

figure was obtained is one of a batch purchased for Kew 
from a Japanese nursery in 1906. A few flowers were first 
produced in the spring of 1911 ; probably as the result of 
the great heat which marked the summer of 1911 a profuse 
crop of flowers appeared in March and April 1912. The 
leafy twig in our figure was drawn at the end of May, the 
plant at flowering time being quite leafless. M. salicifolia 
promises to make an elegant tree, an unusual feature 
in the genus. The Kew plants are growing admirably in 
a mixture of sandy loam and peat ; the latter is useful in 
encouraging newly planted trees to become established, but 
is not essential at later stages, and therefore need only be 
placed near the roots of newly planted trees. We have so 
for no experience in the propagation of this Magnolia, but it 
will certainly be best on its own roots, so that for some years 
Japanese sources must be relied upon for trees and seeds. 

Description.— Tree, deciduous, slender, 15-20 ft. high, 
stem 1 ft. thick ; new shoots smooth, those a year old 
sparingly lenticelled ; leaf-buds glabrous. Leaves lanceolate 
or oblong-lanceolate, sharply or bluntly acuminate, base 
rounded or somewhat cuneate, 3-6 in. long, |-2 in. wide, 
dull green above, somewhat glaucous and finely adpressed 
puberulous beneath ; lateral nerves 9-10 on each side ; 
petiole slender, j-j in. long. Flowers at the end of short 
lateral twigs; buds hirsute; open flowers 3-4 in. across; 
pedicels green, stout, about \ in. long. Sepals 3, spreading, 
greenish-white, ligulate, lj-lf in. long, soon disappearing. 
Petals 6, pure white, narrowly obovate-oblong, 2-2£ in. 
]° n £? i~f in. wide. Filaments rose-pink ; connective pro- 
duced. Carpels green ; style papillose within. Fruit fleshy, 
I £-3 in. long. Seeds pink. 

Figs. 1 and 2, base of petiole, showing its attachment to the stem : 3 and 4> 
anthers; 0, carpels; 6, two carpels in vertical (section :-atf enlarged. 



Vmcent"Broo i -s,Day<SLSorLLt i am.p 

L Reeve & .. 

Tab. 8484. 
ALOE Marloth n. 

South Africa. 

Liliaceae. Tribe Aloineae. 
Aiok, Linn.; Beirfh. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 476. 

Aloe Marlothii, Berger in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xxxviii. p. 87; et in Engl. 
I'/lunzenr. LiHac. Aloin. p. 312, fig. 133; Wood, Natal Plants, vol. vi. 
tt. 57'J, 580; species A. d'alpini, Baker, quam ruaxime affinis sed foliis 
subtus spinoso-tuberculatis et floribus secundis luteis nee rubris, pauloque 
longioribus differt. 

FirvUx suoculentus, caudice valido simplici rosulam foliorum ad 1 m. usque 
diametientem suffu'c ente, inferno densiueculc foliis exsiccatis persistentibus 
renVxis vestito. Folia conferta, 4-5 dm. longa, 15-17 cm. lata, ovato- 
lauceolata vel lanceolata, acuminata, margine aculeis conicis 0"5-l'5 cm. 
remotis armata, supra concaviuscula, apicem versus subcaualiculata, 
parte iDferiore sparse spinoso-tuberculata vel omnino inermia, subtus 
tonvexa, subcarinata ubique spinoso-tuberculata et stcus carinuu 
tuberculis 1-serialibus notata vel nonnunquam subinermia, utrinque 
perglauca; aculeae apice bruuneae. Pedunculi erecti, fere metrales 
repstite dicbotome ramosi subcandelabriformesque, subpurpurascentcs ; 
rami subborizontaliter patentes, apice leviter sursum recurvi, 1-5 cm. 
crassi. Floras secundi, omnes sursum spectantes s:mulac leviter deflexi ; 
bracteae reflexae, 6-7 mm. longae, ovatae, acutae, submembranaceae, 
pallide brunneae; pedicelli 4-6 mm. longi, validi, recurvi, viridcs. 
j eriardhium 3 3 cm. longum, subcylindncum, versus apicem leviter 
dilatatum, segmentis apice rotundatis vix patentibus, extra Interim, 
superne viridi-striatum, interioribus 3 apice brunneis. Stamina V 2-1' 8 
cm. ultra perianthium exserta; filamentorum parte exserta atro-violacya, 
parte inclusa pallide lutea; antberae aurantiacae. Stylus exeerttw, pallide 
luteus, apice fuscus. — A. supralaevis, /3 Hanburii, Baker in Dyer, Fi. Cap. 
vol. vi. p. 327 ; nequaquam A. supralaevis, Haw. — N. E. Browx. 

The fine Aloe here figured was discovered by Dr. R. 
Marloth first at Lobatsi in Bechuanaland ; later near Lady- 
smith in Natal; still later on the Klip River Mountains 
near Johannesburg in the Transvaal. Transvaal specimens 
flowered first under cultivation in the Grahamstown Botanic 
Garden in July 1908. A plant sent by Dr. Marloth in 1905 
from the Klip River locality to Sir Thomas Hanbury, at La 
Mortola, flowered there in April 1912 and provided the 
material for our illustration. The species, however, had 
already reached Europe; the plant described by Mr. Baker 
March, l'J13. 

as A. supralaecis, fi Hanburii, from European cultivated 
specimens, cannot be distinguished from that figured by Mr. 
Medley Wood as A. Marlothii, and Mr. Medley Wood's Natal 
plant is identical with the Transvaal one described by Mr. 
Berger. As Wood remarks, A. Marlothii had, until Berger 
defined it, been confused in South Africa with A. ferox, 
Mill., figured at t. 1975 of this work, and it is possible that 
there, as in Europe, it may have been confounded with 
species other than A. ferox, which have themselves been 
misunderstood. This confusion cannot be unravelled here ; 
Mr. Berger's species is, however, a very distinct one which, 
while approaching A. ferox as regards the colour of its 
flowers, is in other respects more nearly allied to A. Galpini, 
Baker, in which the flowers are red. 

Description. — Shrub, succulent ; stem stout, simple, with 
a terminal rosette, over 3 ft wide, of about 30 fleshy leaves, 
and clothed below with the dried remains of pendent 
shrivelled ones. Leaves close-set, IJ-lj ft. long, 6-6^ in. 
wide, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, acuminate, armed on 
the margin with conical thorns |-^ in. apart, slightly 
concave above, more distinctly channelled towards the tip, 
convex, slightly keeled below, very glaucous on both faces, 
above sparingly spinescent on the lower half, more closely 
and uniformly spinescent throughout on the back, but 
sometimes quite unarmed above and only sparingly spines- 
cent on the back ; thorns brown-tipped. Peduncles erect, 
over 3 ft. high, repeatedly dichotomously branched and 
almost candelabriform, somewhat purplish ; branches almost 
horizontal, but again slightly recurved at the tip, over \ in. 
thick. Flowers secund, all directed upwards and at the 
same time slightly deflexed ; bracts reflexed, about \ in. 
long ; pedicels \-\ in. long, stout, recurved, green. 
Perianth 1£ in. long, subcylindric, slightly dilated at the 
top, segments rounded and hardly spreading at the tip, 
yellow outside striped with green towards the top, the 
three inner segments with brown tips. Stamens projecting 
i-f in. beyond the perianth ; the exposed portion of the 
filaments dark violet, the enclosed portion pale yellow; 
Style exserted, pale yellow with a brown tip. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers; 3, pistil:— aft enlarged. 


Tab. 8485. 
RUELLIA Harveya\a. 


Ruellia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1077. 

Ruellia (Eu-Rnellia) Harveyana, Stapf; species nova R. Jacteae, Cav., affinis 
sea s-epalis magis herbace's singnlo foiiaceo-ampliato, corollae tubi p.irte 
cvlindrica duplo longiore, lobis baud ktioribus quam longis differt. 

Jlerba perennis, caulibus gracilioribus prostratis vel adscendentibus, apicem 
versus pilis patulis dense hirsutis, interne calve>centibus, internodiis 
snperioribus saltern superne quadrangulis, inferioribus teretibus. Folia 
petiolata, oblonga vel elliptico-oblonga, utrinque acuta vel ba-i breviter 
cuneutim at^nuata, 5-8 cm. longa, 2 5-3 cm. lata, uiembranacei, utrinque 
pilis longiusculis micantilius riiolliter sed supra densius adpresse hirsuta; 
petioli graciles, 0*8-1*5 cm. Jongi, hirsuti. Fiona in caulium vestigiis ex 
axillis foliorum sigillatim orti, sessiles. Sepala valde inaequalia, sin- 
gulum late lanceolatum, foliaceum, ad 2 cm. longum, eaetera lineari- 
subulata vix ad 1'5 cm. longa. hirsuta vel praeter margines ciliatas 
subglabres-c mtia. Corolla LLicina in ore tuboque albida; tubi i>ars 
cylindrica 2 cm. longa, parte ampliata aequilouga ; lobi elliptico-rotundati, 
subaequales, 1*5-1 7 cm. longi. Antherae sagittatae loculis basi acutis, 
2 mm. longae. Ovarium glabrum; stylus 3 cm. longus, patule pilosus; 
stigmatis lobus inferior 2 mm. longns. Capsula e>tipitata, oblomm- 
lanceolata, subacuta, 1*2 en. longa, glabra, 4-sperma. Semina sublenti- 
cularia, 3*5 mm. lata, pilis bumefactis elastke expansis vestita. — 0. Stapf. 

The Ruellia here figured was originally discovered by Mr. 
J. C. Harvey in forests on the northern or Atlantic side of 
the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in 1904 In 1911 Mr. Harvey 
sent to Kew, from his garden at Sanborn, Vera Cruz, a living 
plant which flowered in August 1912 and provided the 
material for our plate. In a warm house, under the con- 
ditions suitable for Begonias and Gesneriads, R. Harveyana 
has grown freely and formed a trailing shrub of somewhat 
straggling habit. In its native forests, Mr. Harvey informs 
us, its flowers, though usually coloured as in our plate, aie 
sometimes white. R. Harveyana belongs to a group of 
species of Ruellia where there is much confusion. Among 
these it approaches most closely that usually known as R. 
lactea, Cav., described and figured by Cavanilles in 1794 
from a Mexican plant growing in the Madrid garden, stated 
to have corollas of a blue so diluted that they might almost 

Makch, 1913. 

be said to be white; its sepals are said to be subequal and 
subulate with awn-like points, so that the plant, whatever it 
may be, is not R. Ilarveyana. According to Loudon, a plant 
introduced by the Marquis of Bute in 1796 was accepted as 
Cavanilles' plant, and early in the nineteenth century was in 
cultivation at Kew, Paris and Berlin under Cavanilles' name. 
Its identity is vouched for by a specimen, collected by Gay 
in the Jardin des Plantes in 1817, now in the herbarium at 
Kew. This plant was accepted by Nees as R. lactea, Cav., 
and described by him as Cryphiacanthus lacteus. It agrees 
fairly well with wild specimens collected by Andrieux 
between Acatlan and Chila in lower western Puebla. No 
specimens of Cavanilles' original plant appear to exist, and 
it is impossible to say whether the differences between R. 
lactea, Cav., and the plant of Nees be due to faulty delinea- 
tion or to natural variation. The point that is of consequence 
is that if the characters given by Cavanilles exclude R. Ilar- 
veyana from R. lactea, those of the specimens accepted as R. 
lactea make the recognition of our plant equally necessary. 

Description. — Herb, perennial ; stems rather slender, 
trailing or ascending, densely hairy near the top, almost 
glabrous lower down, upper intemodes 4-angled above, the 
lower cylindric. Leaves petioled, oblong or elliptic-oblong, 
acute, base narrow-cuneate, 2-3 in. long, 1-1 1 in. wide, 
membranous, softly pubescent, especially above, with longish 
glistening hairs ; petioles slender, i-f in. long, hairy. Flowers 
produced one at a time in the upper axils, sessile. Sepals very 
unequal, 4 linear-subulate, § in. long, the fifth wide-lanceolate, 
leafy, § in. long; all hirsute or nearly glabrous but with 
cihate edges. Corolla pale lilac with white throat and tube; 
cylindric base of tube § in. long, as long as the widened 
upper part; lobes elliptic-rounded, subequal, f-f in. long. 
Anthers sagittate, with locules acute below, 1 iin. long. 
Omry glabrous; style l{ in. long, pilose with spreading 
hairs; lower stigmatic lobe 1 lin. long. Capsule not 
stipitate, oblong-lanceolate, subacute, £ in. long, 4-seeded. 
Seeds sublenticular, -f in. across, clothed with hairs that 
spread elastically when wet. 

Jd&h?&? K? pi r. tU; 2 V part of ^o^-t^ shying Btnainal insertion, 
laid open; 6 and 4, anther*; 5, ovary :-aU enlarged. 



\5ncsrtt. Brooks ,Day &Son Lt£ump 

L Reeve & O 1 ? London.. 

Tab. 8486. 
priinus penxsylvanica. 

North America. 

Eosaceae. Tribe Phuneae. 
Prukus, Linn. ; Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. (HO. 

Primus (Cerastts) pennsylvanica, Linn. f. Suppl. p. 252; Sargpnt, Silra of 
N. Amer. vol. iv. t. 156; ft K. Schneider, Laubholzk. vol. i. p. (118; species 
P. emarginatae, Walp., proxime affinis sed foliis glabrescentibus saepe 
ovatis semper acuminatis baud obovatis obtusis, fructu minore laete rubro 

Arbor decidua, 9-12-metralis, truncus 4' 5 dm. diametro; ramuli glabri, 
rubidi; cortex amarissitna. Folia petiolata, ovata vel ovato-Ianceolata, 
raro obovata, acuminata, basi rotundata vel late cuneata, margine minute 
irregulariter serrata, dentibns inenrvis apice glandulosis, 7 -5-10 cm. longa, 
2-5-4 cm. lata, laete viridia, primum puberala, cito glabra; petiolu.s 
gracilis, 1*2-2 cm. longus versus apicem 1-3-glandulosus; stipuke 
minutae, margine glandulosae. Fiona albi, sub vere aperti, 1'2 cm. 
lati, in vestigiis annotinis fasciculatim vel subumbeliatim congest!, 
glomeruli 4-6- raro pluri-flori; pedicelli graciles, glabri, 2-2-5 cm. lonpi. 
Calyx glaber, 5-lobus; tubus inf undibuliformis ; lobi obtusi, tubo sub- 
aequilongi. Petala 5, subrot tin data, extra versus basin pubescentia. 
Frucius globosus, 6 mm. diametiens, maturitate laete ruber ; endocarpium 
compressum, ovoideum. — Cerasas boreal**, Mich. PI. Bor. Amer. vol. L 
p. 286. C. persicifolia, Loisel. in Nouv. Duhara. vol. v. p. 9.— W. J. Beax. 

Though introduced, according to Aiton, in 1773, the 
Cherry which forms the subject of our illustration has 
never been common in this country. As long after Us 
introduction as 1842, it appears to have been unknown, in 
the living state, to Loudon. It is nevertheless a handsome, 
free-flowering species, as is shown by our plate, prepared 
from material gathered from a small tree presented to Kew 
by the Arnold Arboretum in 1910. It is worthy of a place 
in thin woodland where our native P. avium and P. Padus 
succeed. One of the most widely spread of North American 
trees, P. pennsylvanica extends from Newfoundland and the 
shores of Hudson's Bay in the north, to North Carolina and 
Tennessee in the south, and westward to the inland slopes 
of the Rocky Mountains. Its nearest ally is P. emarginata, 
Walp., another red-fruited Cherry, which is, however, a 
purely western species, confined to the area from California 
to British Columbia, and is distinguished from the species 
March, 1913. 

now figured by its obovate, mostly obtuse and more or less 
pubescent leaves, as well as by its larger and darker red 

Description. — Tree, 80-40 ft. high, deciduous; stem 
1 ^ ft. thick ; twigs glabrous, reddish ; bark intensely bitter. 
Leaves petioled, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sometimes 
obovate, acuminate, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, 
finely but irregularly serrate, the teeth much incurved and 
gland-tipped, 3-4 in. long, 1-1| in. wide, bright green, 
glabrous except when just unfolding ; petiole slender, |-§ in. 
long, with one or more glands near its junction with the 
blade; stipules very small, subulate, with glandular edges. 
Flowers white, J in. across, opening during April or early 
May on the growths of the previous year, in fascicles or 
short-stemmed umbels bearing 4-6, sometimes more flowers ; 
pedicels slender, glabrous, |-1 in. long. Calyx glabrous, 
f)-lobed ; tube funnel-shaped ; lobes blunt, about as long as 
the tube. Petals 5, suborbicular, pubescent outside near 
the base. Fruit subglobose, £ in. across, bright red when 
ripe ; stone compressed, ovoid. 

Fig. 1, portion of edge of a leaf; % stipules ; 3, flower-bud ; 4, vertical section 
of a flower, the petals removed :— all enlarged. 


Vh i ( tea ifcB roolc, Day <ScSoriLt?urLp. 

L.Peev* 8cC?Lcm 

Tab. 8487. 
SANSEVIERIA aethiopica. 

South Africa. 

Liliaceae. Tribe Dkacaeneae. 
Sansevieria, Thunb.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 679. 

Sansevieria aethiopica, Thunb. Prodr. PL Cap. p. 65; AW. Gen. p. 127, 
et Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, p. 329 ; Schultes, Syxt. Veg. vol. vii. p. 358 ; Knnth, 
Enum. Plant, vol. v. p. 19; affinis 8. zeylmicae, Willd., sed foliis numero- 
sioribus brevioribus haud subcylindricis et multo tenuioribus fa-ile 

Suffrutex succulentus, acaulis. Folia 13-30, subrosulata, suberecta vol erecto- 
patula, 12-40 cm. longa, 1-1-5 cm. lata, 3-6 mm. crassa, linean-lanceokta, 
acuta, in subulas 2-3 cm. lomias albidas excurrentia, concavo-canalicnlata, 
dorso valde convexa, atroviridia, interdum transverse zonata, subglauca, 
rubro- vel albido-marginata. Ivftorescentia 40-75 cm. alta, inferne vaginis 
5-7 acuminatis membranaceis 2--7 cm. longis instructa, superne spicato- 
racemosa,floribusfasciculatis; fasciculi 4-6-flori. Bracteae membranaceae, 
patulae vel reflexae, 5-12 mm. longae, ovato-lanceolatae, acutae. Pedicdh 
4-8 mm. longi, supra medium articulati. Perianthium album; tubus 
1-8-2-5 cm. longus, basi leviter inflatus; lobi 1-7-2 cm. longi, 2 mm. lati, 
subspathulato-lineari, revoluti. Stamina louge exserta. Stylus staminitms 
longior; stigma minute capitata. — 8. zeylanica, Eed. Lil. vol. v. t. 290; 
Lindl. Bot. Eeg. vol. ii. 1. 160 ; Baker in Fl Cap. vol. vi. p. 5, syn. exclus. ; 
non Willd. — N. E. Brown. 

The systematic position of the genus Sansevieria, Thunb., 
familiar'and economically interesting as that which includes 
the plants yielding the fibre known as Bowstring Hemp, has 
been a subject of difficulty and debate. Transferred, for 
what at the time appeared to be valid reasons, by the 
authors of the " Genera Plantarum " in 1883 from Liliaceae 
to I/aemodoraceae, it has recently, as the outcome ot renewed 
investigation, been replaced in Liliaceae next to the genus 
Dracaena, Vand. The species which forms the subject ot 
our plate, S. aethiopica, is one of those upon which Thunberg 
founded the genus, and has been in cultivation in ^ u ™pe 
for over a centurv, yet it has never, so far, been figured 
under its own propter name. This has been due to its 
having been mistaken for S. zeylanica, Willd., a plant till 
recentlv very imperfectly known, but one which, now that 
wild specimens have been obtained for the Kew collection 
from Ceylon, is found to be altogether distinct from the 

Ai'RU,, 1913. 

subject of our illustration, which has leaves that are more 
numerous to a growth, and are much shorter and thinner, 
with a whitish in place of a green tip and red or whitish 
margins. ^ In S. aethiopica, too, the flowers are larger than 
they are in S. zeylanica. The plant which has supplied the 
material for our figure was transmitted to Kew in 1895 by- 
Mr. C. Howlett, Curator of the Botanic Garden at Graaf 
Keinet, and was collected by him in the Uitenhage division 
of Cape Colony. From Uitenhage it extends inland to 
Griqualand West, the Transvaal and Ehodesia, but without 
passing eastwards as far as Natal or westwards to Namaqua- 
land. Grown in a warm greenhouse S. aethiopica thrives 
well and flowers at intervals; the flowers figured were 
produced in July 1909. Like other species of the genus, 
S. aethiopica is easily propagated, either by division of the 
rootstock or from sections of the leaf, which strike readily 
when placed in sandy soil in a warm house and soon form 
a basal growth bud. 

Description-. — Undershrub, succulent, stemless. Leaves 
13-30, somewhat tufted, suberect or somewhat spreading, 
5-16 in. long, J-f in. wide, \-% in. thick, linear-lanceolate, 
acute and ending in white tips f-lj in. long, concavely 
channelled, very convex on the back, dark green but at 
times transversely banded, somewhat glaucous, with reddish 
or white edges. Inflorescence 16-30 in. long, with 5-7 
acuminate, membranous sheaths each |-2| in. long near the 
base, the upper half spicately racemose ; bracts membranous 
spreading or reflexed, J-J in. long, ovate-lanceolate, acute', 
each subtending 4-6 flowers with pedicels -J~J in. long, 
jointed above the middle. Perianth white, tube f-1 in! 
Jong, slightly swollen at the base ; lobes {-£ in. long, 1 lin. 
wide, subspathulate linear, revolute. Stamens far exserted. 
Style longer than the stamens ; stigma very small, capitate. 

u-S t ^ m a ^ ; e e JL 2 r d 3>anthers; *' anentire plant: " a ^ enlar ° ed *»** *> 




L Reeve &-C° London 

Tab. 8488. 
pyrus 10ensis. 

Central United States. 

Kosaceae. Tribe Pomeae. 
Pyrus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 626. 

Pyrus ioensis, L. H. Bailey in Amer. Gard. vol. xii. p. 473; species 
P coronariae, Linn., et t\ angmtifoliae, Ait., arete affinis, ab ambabus 
folus persisteoter toiuentosis facile distinguenda. 

Arbor decidua, 6-9-metralis; truncus 3-4*5 dm. crassus; coma laxiuscula; 
ramuli graciliores nonnunquam in spinas abeuntes, primum dense lanati 
demum glabrati. Folia petiolata, ovato-rhomboidea vel ovata, acuta, basi 
cuneata, margine grosse irregulariter saepe duplieato-serrata, ramulornm 
sterilium hornotinorum saepissime prope basin distincte lobata, 7 "5-12 -5 
cm. longa, 5-9 cm. lata, ramulorum hornotinorum floriferorum vix lobata, 
5-7' 5 cm. longa, 3-5 cm. lata, supra saturate viridia, nisi tomento 
caducissimo glabra, subtus primum dense demum laxe persistenter 
tomentosa; petiolus 1' 25-3* 5 cm. longus; stipulae subulatae. Flores 
violam olentes in corymbos 4-7-floros dispositi ; singuli 4-5 cm. lati, longe 
pedunculati; pedunculi 3-4 cm. longi, floccosi. Calyx extra dense albo- 
tomentosus; Jobi 6 mm. longi, subulati. Petala concava, obovata, 
unguieulata, unguis 3 mm. longus. Stamina numerosa ; filamenta glabra ; 
antherae luteae. Ovarium styloque floccosum. Fructus fragrans, luteo- 
brunneus, depresse globosus,2*5-3 cm. latus,calyce persistente coronatus; 
carnes duriusculi peracerbi.— P. c<>runaria, var. ioensis, Wood ex Sargent 
in Silva of N. Amer. t. 167. Mains ioensis, Britton & Brown in 111. PI. 
Nor. U. S. vol. ii. p. 235 ; Sargent in Trees of N. Amer. p. 354, fig. 278. 
M. coronarius, var. ioensis, C. K. Schneider, 111. Handb.. Laubholzk. vol. i. 
p. 724.— W. J. Bean. 

The American Crab here figured is one of a well-marked 
group of three distinguished, in the Mains group of the 
genus Pyrus, in flowering latest of all and in having violet- 
scented flowers. The better known of the other two is 
Pyrus coronaria, Linn., a species figured at t. 2009 of this 
work, which is distinguished by having its leaves truncate 
or slightly cordate and by having them, when mature, 
nearly or quite glabrous. The other species, P. angustifolia, 
Ait,, also differs in having its leaves glabrous at maturity 
and is very readily distinguished in having fruits that are less 
than an inch in diameter. It is, besides, a Southern species 
which reaches Florida, whereas P. ioensis has its own well- 
defined area west of the Alleghanies; it is described as 
being the common Crab of the Mississippi basin. As a 
tree for gardens P. ioensis is strongly to be recommended, 

Aikil, 1913. 

especially for tlie fragrance of its blossom, which is borne 
m late May and early June. There is a double-flowered 
variety more generally met with in gardens than P. ioensis 
itself, which is erroneously termed sometimes P. angusti- 
Jolia, fiore pleno, sometimes P. coronaria, flore pleno; its 
flowers are 2-3 inches across. So far as is known the true 
P. angustifoha, which was grown in English gardens a 
century and a half ago, is not now in cultivation in this 

Description.- Tree, deciduous, 20-30 ft. high; trunk 
1 i 2 ft. in diameter; crown rather loose and open; twigs 
slender, sometimes spine-tipped, at first covered with a soft 
white wool which turns brown and falls almost entirely 
away by winter. Leaves petioled, ovate-rhomboid or ovate, 
acute base cuneate, margin coarsely irregularly often 
double toothed, on the virgin shoots of the year' 3-5 in. 
Jong, 2-di m. wide, with frequently one or two pairs of 
lanceolate lobes near the base divided halfway to the 
midrib, on the flowering twigs 2 -3 in. long, U-2 in. wide, 
scarcely lobed ; all dark green above and glabrous except 
for a loose tomentum at first opening, very tomentose 
beneath when young and remaining more or less persistently 
hairy till they fall; petiole J-l| in. long; stipules subulate. 
Flowers violet-scented, l}-2 in. across, in 4-7-flowered 
corymbs ; peduncles lj-lf in. long, floccose. Calyx densely 
wnite-tomentose outside ; lobes ± in. long, subulate. Petals 
concave, obovate, narrowed to a claw | in. long. Stamens 
numerous; filaments glabrous ; anthers yellow. Ovary and 
style floccose Fruit fragrant, yellowish-brown, depressed 
globose, 1-U in. wide, crowned by the persistent calyx ; 
nesh hard and very astringent. 

JSi5 rtW £ection of a flower ' the petals removed ; 2 and 3 - stamens •- 




L Reeve 8c C°LoTT.don. 

Tab. 8489. 


Eastern Asia. 

Menispermaceae. Tribe Cocculeae. 
Coccdlus, DC. ; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 36. 

Coeculus trilobus, DC. Syst. Veg. vol. i. p. 522; Diets in Engl. Pflanzenr. 
Menispermac. p. 232; a C. molli, Wall., sepalis glabris distinguitur. 

Frutex scandens. Bami volubiles, in vivo vix striatuli, in sicco striati, 
molliter pilosi. Folia ovata (interdum triloba lobo medio lateralibus 
mnlto majore), apice obtusa vel acuta, apiculata, basi rotundata vel 
oordata, 5-9 cm. longa, 3*3-7 cm. lata, firme herbacea, basi palmatim 
5-nervia, crebre reticulata praesertim in sicco, supra puberula subtus plus 
minus ve pubescentia; petioli 1-5-3-5 cm. longi, molliter pilosi. Cymae 
unisexuales, singulae in axillis foliorum, vel in thyrsum terminalem 
bracteatum aggregatae; bracteolae 2, basi calycis insertae, ovato-oblongae, 
vix ad 1 mm. lougae. Flores rf : Sepala 6; 3 exteriora ovata, vix 2 mm. 
longa, 1-1-5 mm. lata; 3 interiora late ovata, 3 mm. longa, 25 mm. lata. 
Peiala 6, ligularia, 3 mm. longa, apice bifida lobis subulatis 0*5 mm. 
longis interdum iterum bifidis, marginibus inferne inflexis. Stamina 6, 
petalis opposita; filamenta supeme incurva, antheras horizontaliter 
gerentia; antherae 4-lobatae. Flores $: Sepala iis maris similia at 
breviora. Peiala elliptico-oblonga, 1-7 mm. longa, 0-8 mm. lata, bifida 
lobis divergentibus. Staminodia minuta, 6 vel pauciora, singula inter 
carpella, imerdum nulla. Vvaria 6, stylis recurvis; ovulum unicum, 
suturae ventrali affixum. Drupae 2-4 pro flore, subglobosae, circiter 
7 mm. diametro, fere nigrae, pruinosae, stylo adpresso ventrabter basin 
versus sito; mesocarpium viride; endocarpium osseum, reniforme, sinu 
parvula ventrali; intus in condylum magnum centralem productum; 
coudylus extra utrinque in eavuin auriformem excavatns ; endocarpn 
pars peripheralis transverse corrugata. Semen valde curvatum. Embryo 
albumine copioso inclusa; cotyledones incumbentes.— C. Thui.bergii, DC. 
Syst. vol. i. p. 524. C. cynauchoides, Fresl. Eel. Haenk. vol. li. p. 79. 
Meninpermum trilobum, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 194. M. orbicutatum Thxmb. 
I.e., non Linn. Cebatha orbiculata, Kuntze, Eev. Gen. vol. l. p. 9; C. K. 
Schneider, 111. Handb. Laubbolzk. vol. i. p. 327.— T. A. Sprague. 

The Coeculus here figured is a scandent shrub, native of 
Eastern Asia, where it extends from Japan and Northern 
China to the Philippines. The leaves are variable in outline, 
and the form of C. trilobus with entire leaves, here depicted, 
is often known as C. Thunbergii, DC. Like other species 
of the genus, C. trilobus is easily cultivated and propagated, 
but to get it to fruit freely it needs all the sunshine 
possible. The flowers figured were produced in 1912, 
April, 1913. 

but the fruits shown were gathered in November 1911, 
and it was no doubt owing to the great heat of that 
year that the crop was so fine. Even in ordinary 
seasons, however, the plant is well worthy of cultiva- 
tion ; grown up stout limbs of oak set in the ground it 
makes an elegant climber, twining itself tightly round the 
smaller branches. This Cocculus was introduced to cultiva- 
tion from Japan by Professor Sargent, Arnold Arboretum, 
some twenty years ago. It is perfectly hardy. 

Description-.— Shrub, climbing ; branches twining, softly 
hairy. Leaves petioled, ovate entire or at times 3-lobed 
with the mid-lobe much larger than the side lobes, obtuse or 
acute, apiculate, base rounded or cordate, 2-3§ in. long, 
l$-2f in. wide, firmly herbaceous, palmately 5-nerved at 
the base, closely reticulate, puberulous above, more or less 
pubescent beneath ; petiole §-1$ in. long, soft hairy. Cymes 
1-sexual, solitary in the leaf axils or aggregated in a terminal 
bracteate thyrse ; bracteoles paired, close to the base of the 
calyx, ovate oblong, very small. Male: Sepals 6, the 
outer 3 ovate, under 1 lin. long, the inner 3 wide ovate, 
1J lin. long. Petals 6, ligulate, 1J lin. long, 2-fid at the 
tip, the lobules subulate sometimes a second time 2-fid, their 
margins inflexed below. Stamens 6, opposite the petals; 
filaments incurved above ; anthers horizontal, 4-lobed. 
Female : Sepals as in male flowers, but shorter. Petals 
elliptic oblong, 2-fid with divergent lobes. Staminodes 6 
or fewer, very small; sometimes obsolete. Carpels 6, 
styles recurved ; ovule in each carpel solitary, placentation 
ventral. Drupes 2-4 to each flower, subglobose, about J in. 
across, blue-black, pruinose, style adpressed, subbasal, 
ventral; mesocarp green ; endocarp hard, reniform with 
a small ventral sinus, prolonged into a large central 
condyle hollowed on each side into an auriculate cavity ; 
peripheral portion of the endocarp transversely ridged. 
Seed much curved ; albumen copious ; cotyledons incumbent. 

Fig. A, male inflorescence; B, female inflorescence; C, branch with fruits; 
1, section of male flower; 2, stamen; 3, section of female flower; 4, staminode; 
o fruit; b endocarp, seen from one side; 7, section of endocarp and seed, 
showing albumen and embryo; 8, embryo:— the lettered figures of natural size, 
the others enlarged. 


Tab. 8490. 


Garden Origin. 

Cistus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 113. 

Cistus Loreti, Rouy & Fouc. Fl. France, vol. ii. p. 279 ; stirps hybrida foliis 
C. monspehensis, Linn., floribus C. ladani/eri, Linn. 

Frutex metralis. erectns, viscidulus. Rami pallide brunnei. Folia opposita, 
patula, sessiha, basi breviter connata, lanceolata Tel lanceolato-oblonga, apice 
obtusa vel rotundata, in basin angustata, 3-5-5 cm. longa, 1-1-8 cm. lata, 
trineryia, supra atro-viridia, glabriuscula, impresso-reticnlata, subtus 
pallidiora, parciuscule minute stellato-pilosa, nervia venulisque prorci- 
nentibus; folia ramulorum floriferorum elliptico-oblonga, eirciter 3 cm. 
longa, 1-2 cm. lata, supra inferre inconspicue appresse pilosa, superne 
glabriuscula, subtus minute stellato-pilosa. Jnflor<-*ce»tiae umbellifl.rmes, 
3-4-florae, bracteatae, ramulos terminantes ; bracteae ovatae, acutae, 
eirciter 1*6 cm. longae, LI cm. latae, supra subsericeae, subtus stellato- 
pubescentes nervo medio parce loDge piloso. Sepula 5 (rarius 6 vel 4), 
valde imbricata, interne connata. late ovata, 1-2-1-4 cm. longa, extra 
stellato-pubescentia, intus marginibus exterioribus appresse villosa. Fetala 
5, fugacia, latissime obovata, 3 cm. diametro, alba, macula basali lutea 
6 mm. diametro, alteraque supra-basali atro-sanguinea 5 mm. diametro. 
Stamina numerosa; filamenta tiliformia, superne Yeviter ampliata, eirciter 
6 mm. longa; antherae oblongas, 0-8-1-3 mm. longae, loculis apice 
approximatis deorsum divergentibus. Ovarium subglobosum, minute 
dense pilosum, 3 mm. diametro, imperfecte 5-6-loculnre, ovalis pro loculo 
niimerosis; st.vlus subnullus (0-2 mm. longus), stigmate discoideo 2-5 mm. 
diametro omnino occultus. — Cistus monspeliensi-la'ianiferus, Loret in Rev. 
Sc. Nat. vol. iii. p. 364; Loret & Barrandon, Fl. Montpellier, vol. i. p. 67. 
0. ladaniferus x monspeliensis, Grosser in Eng. Pflanzenr. Cistac. p. 28. — 
T. A. S Prague. 

The Rock Rose which forms the subject of our figure is 
one which has been grown in the Kew collection for a 
quarter of a century, but having been received under 
another name and having since its receipt been several 
times propagated its origin is not known. That it is a 
natural hybrid between Cistus ladaniferus, Linn., figured 
fong ago at t. 112 of this work, and C. monspeliensis, Linn., 
has long been believed, for it has been met with in a wild 
state in He'rault growing along with the two parent species. 
The belief has been confirmed by the late Mr. Bornet, who 
obtained C. Loreti experimentally by crossing these two 
species. The special interest of this Rock Rose to 
cultivators lies, however, in the fact that it is one of the 
hardiest in the genus; it has withstood at Kew without injury 

Amu,, 1913. 

over twenty degrees of frost, and there are but few species 
of Cistus of which this can be said. It is also undoubtedly 
one of the most beautiful of the Rock Roses, flowering very 
profusely and making a striking display for several weeks 
from Midsummer onwards. Messrs. Rouy and Foucaud 
recognise two distinct forms, both of which have been met 
with in a wild state ; the first, albiflorus, has petals with no 
crimson spot near the base; the second, maculatus, which 
is that now figured, has petals with a crimson spot. 
C. Loreti is easily increased by cuttings made of late 
summer shoots. Owing to its dislike of root disturbance it 
should be grown in pots until planted out permanently. 
A light sandy soil and the sunniest situation available 
should he given to it. 

Dkscriptioist.— Shrub, 4 ft, high, erect, somewhat viscid; 

branches pale brown. Leaves opposite, spreading, sessile, 

slightly connate at the base, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 

apex obtuse or rounded, narrowed to the base, l£-2iin. long, 

|--! in. wide, 3-nerved, dark green above, almost glabrous, 

with impressed venation, paler beneath, sparingly finely 

stellate hairy, with raised venation ; leaves of the flowering 

shoots elliptic-oblong, about 1J in. long, J in. wide, above 

slightly stellate near the base, almost glabrous nearer the 

apex, beneath finely stellate-hairy. Inflorescence umbellate, 

3-4-flowered, bracteate, at the ends of the twigs; bracts 

ovate, acute, about § in. long, nearly ^ in. across, almost 

silky above, stellate-pubescent and along the midrib sparingly 

beset with long hairs below. Sepals 5, rarely 6 or 4, much 

imbricate, connate below, wide ovate, \ in. long or longer, 

stellate-pubescent outside, adpressed villous on the outer 

edges within. Petals 5, fugacious, very wide obovate, 

If in. across, white, with a yellow basal spot J in. wide and 

just above this a dark red spot £ in. wide. Stamens many ; 

filaments filiform, slightly widened upwards, about { in. 

long; anthers oblong, small, locelli diverging downwards. 

Ovary subglobose, finely closely pilose, J- in. across, 

incompletely 5-6-celled; ovules manv in each cell; stvle 

very short ; stigma discoid. 

Figs. 1 and 2, stamens; 3, pistil; 4, transverse section of the ovary:— all 





L .Reeve &_< 

Tab. 8491. 

Hypericum Kalmianum. 

North America. 

Htperioaceae. Tribe Hypericeae. 
Hypericum, Linn. ; Benth. et Book./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 165. 

Hypericum Kalmianum, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 783 ; Ton: Fl. New York, vol. i. 
p. 86, t. 13; Torr. & Gray, Fl. N. Am. vol. i. p. 158; Coulter in A. Gray, 
Syn. Fl. N. Am. vol. i. pars 1, p. 285 ; Britton <fc Brown, 111. Fl. Nor. U. S. 
vol. ii. p. 430; Britton, Man. Fl. ('. States & Canada, p. 626; stylis 5 
primum arete adpressis tandem divergentibus, stigmatibus minutis ab 
affinibus facile distinguitur. 

Frutex multiramosus, 3-6 dm. altus, cortice brurmeo debuninante. Rami 
quadran.qjuli ; ramuli subcompressi, leviter bialati. Folia sessilia, patentia, 
lineari-oblanceolata, apice ohtusa, in basin sensim angustata, 2-5 cm. 
longa, 3-8 mm. lata, tenuiter coriacea, pellucide punctata, marginibus 
recurvis, supra nervo medio impresso, subtus glauce^centia nervo medio 
prominente. Cymae dichasiales, 7-15-florae, ramulos terminantes ; pedicelli 
4-10 mm. longi. Flores 2 cm. diametro. Sepa/a foliacea, oblonga, subacuta, 
circiter 5 mm. longa, circiter 2 mm. lata, pellucide punctata. Petala lutea, 
deflexa, oblique obovata, vix ultra 1 cm. longa, 6 "5 mm. lata, indistincte 
pellucide punctata. Stamina numerosissima, libera, aurantiaca, 6-7 mm. 
longa. Ovarium 5-lobum, 5-loculare, ovulis numerosis; styli 5, primum 
inter se arete adpressi, demnm divergentes; stigmata punctiforim'a. 
Capsula ovoidea, 6 mm. longa, 5-locularis. — T. A. Spragde. 

The true Hypericum Kalmianum^ Linn., here figured, 
which was originally introduced in 1759, has of late years 
been almost or quite lost to gardens in this country, the 
plant grown under the name being nearly always //. proli- 
Jicum, Linn., also a North American species. II. Kalmianum 
is a native of the Great Lake region of North-Eastern 
America and extends from Ontario and Western New York 
to Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan. The best-known 
habitat of the shrub is on the banks of the Niagara Gorge, 
but it is now uncommon in nature as well as in gardens. 
For its ^introduction Kew is indebted to Mr. J. Dunbar, 
Assistant Superintendent of the Rochester Parks, N.Y., an 
eager and accomplished student of the North American flora. 
In sending seeds in March 1911, Mr. Dunbar remarked 
that the plants from which they were collected " were found 
at Rose Hill, Ontario, Canada, on the opposite side of Lake 
Erie from Buffalo, growing in great abundance on the bleak 
April, 1913. 

sandy coast-line." The plants raised from these seeds 
flowered in August 1912, and from one of them our figure 
was prepared. A characteristic appearance is given to this 
species by the presence of axillary tufts of leaves on the 
shoots of the current year. These tufts, which are usually 
composed of two pairs of leaves, are borne on greatly 
abbreviated " short-shoots/' H. Kalmianum thrives very 
well with other St. John's Worts in good loamy soil, and is 
easily increased by cuttings as well as by seeds. 

Description. — Shrub, much branched, 1-2 ft. high, bark 
brown, flaking ; branches 4-angled, twigs somewhat com- 
pressed, slightly 2-winged. Leaves sessile, spreading, linear- 
oblanceolate, obtuse, gradually narrowed to the base, f-2 in. 
l° n £>.-W m - wide, thinly coriaceous, transparent-dotted, 
margins recurved, the main-nerve sunk above, glaucescent 
beneath with the main-nerve raised. Cymes dichasial 7-15- 
flowered, at the ends of the twigs ; pedicels -J— f in. long. 
Flowers § in. across. Sepals leafy, oblong, subacute, about 
^ in. long, 1 lin. wide, transparent-dotted. Petals yellow, 
deflexed, obliquely obovate, under J in. long, £ in. wide, 
faintly transparent-dotted. Stamens very many, free, 
orange-yellow, J in. long. Ovary 5-lobed, 5-celled ; ovules 
many ; styles 5, at first closely adpressed, at length 
diverging ; stigmas minute. Capsule ovoid, 5-celled, | in. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil; 2 and 3, anthers -.—all enlarged. 

Supplement {Vol. VI) to be publislied on March 14s, 346 pp. 

Small Paper Edition, 8| x 5\, with Three Plates, Cloth, 18* net 

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Vice-President of the Entomological Society of London 1911 









The last volume of the " Coleoptera of the British Islands " was 
published in 1891. In the preface to the first volume I expressed 
a hope that the work might, at all events, prove of some help towards 
encouraging the study of our native Coleoptera. As far as I can 
gather, this hope has been, in a measure at least, realised, and to judge 
by the results, as embodied in this volume, it will be seen that a great 
deal of work has been done at the Order during the past twenty years. 
Moreover, that work is by no means exhausted. Almost every month 
new species are being recorded. The present volume was practically 
ready some months ago, except for the plates, and the large list of 
addenda that has accumulated during that period shows the interest 
that is being taken in our Coleoptera at the present time. Dr. Sharp 
is of opinion that our indigenous species will be found in the future to 
number at least 40<)0, and this makes it evident that there may be 
auch left to discover. 

When it appeared that there was need of a supplement to bring the 
vork up to date, Mr. Donisthorpe, hearing of my intention to prepare 
one. kindly offered me the use of the list of localities, etc., which he 
had for some years compiled from various records. I therefore asked 
him if he would collaborate with me, and I am much indebted to him 
for his help. The first part of the work is, for the most part, mine. 
and I hold myself responsible for it ; while Mr. Donisthorpe has 
provided the part relating to fresh localities, and the excellent paper 
on the British Myrmecophilous Coleoptera, and has also undertaken 
the arrangement of the plates. 


Tamutry 10, 1913 


•The Coleopteka. of the British Islands" was originally published 
in five volumes between 1887 and 1891. It was intended to provide 
a short account of our indigenous Coleoptera, with some reference 
to their localities and habits, and, where possible, to their life history ; 
-subsequently it was increased in scope. The work is one of great 
importance and value to all Coleopterists, and a valuable addition to 
the present list of entomological works. The large paper edition of the 
first five volumes, containing 180 plates, carefully drawn and coloured, 
and representing upwards of 2300 species, is almost out of print. 

The large paper edition of the present (sixth) volume, contains 
20 coloured plates, with drawings of 255 species or varieties, making a 
total of over 2550 species represented in the entire work. 

Attention is called to the list of other entomological works uniform 
with this series, printed on the back of this leaflet. 



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M.o del.J."N.Fitr-h. 

"Vincan.tBrooUs,Day &_ Son.lrt'Hmp 

X Reeve &. G°-Lctn.don.. 

Tab. 8492. 

Sikkim Himalaya. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Ehodorkae. 
Khododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron Wightii, Booh. f. Mod. Sikkim Himalaya, p. 30, t. xxvii. ; 
C. B. Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. hid. vol. iii. p. 467; Watson in Gard. 
Chron. 1911, vol. 1. p. 268, fig. 121 ; Smith in Bee. Bot. Surv. hid. vol. V. 
p. 216 ; a B. campylocarpo, Hook, f., foliis majoribus basi angustioribus 
facile distinguendum. 

Arbmcula ramulis satis crassis primo plus minusve lanatis mox glabris 
brunneo-corticatis. Folia lanceolata, elliptico-lanceolata vel fere elliptico- 
oblonga, apice obtusa vel subacuta, mucronata, basi vakle vel vix inaequi- 
latera, cuneata vel late cuneata vel latere altero rotundata altero cuneata, 
8 "5-20 cm. longa, 3 - 5-8 cm. lata, eoriacea, supra glabra, viridia, subtus 
costa mox glabra excepta arete adpresse cinnamomeo-lanata, costa supra 
impressa subtus valde prominente, nervis lateralibus utrinque circiter 
12 pagina superiore impressis inferiore prominentibus nervulis supra 
parumimmersis, margine parum revoluta ; petiolus satis crassus, 1*2-4 cm. 
longus. Inftorescentia terminalis, multiflora, laxe capitata ; bracteae anguste 
oblongrae, acute acuminatae, ad 43 cm. longae et 1 cm. latae, sericeae; 
pedicelli plerumque circiter 3 cm. longi, mox glabri, apicem versus sub 
anthesin plus minusve cernui. Calycis lobi parvi, glandulosi. Corolla 
campanulata, circiter 4*2 cm. longa, straminea, sanguineo-notata ; lobi 5, 
limbo circiter dimidio breviores, patente-recurvi, imbricati, emarginnti. 
Stamina 10, filamentis ad 2 "9 cm. longis interne breviter pilosis, antheris 
subpurpureis 3" 5 mm. longis. Ovarium dense lanatum, 10-loculare; stylus 
corollae subaequilongus, glaber, stigmate capita to.— W. G. Craib. 

The handsome Himalayan Rhododendron which forms 
the subject of our illustration, though it has long been in 
cultivation in this country, does not appear ever to have 
been common in collections. In certain parts of Sikkim it 
seems to be plentiful, and in his original description Sir 
J. D. Hooker speaks of the species as abundant in the wooded 
valleys and on the spurs of all the mountains at an elevation 
of 12-14,000 feet above sea-level. It is not, however, 
abundant in all the valleys of Sikkim at this elevation, 
though it probably is so in most of those explored by 
Hooker, and as regards the valley of the Zemu, a tributary 
of the Tista, Hooker's account is fully confirmed by recent 
travellers. The figure here given was prepared from a 
May, 1913. 

plant which flowered in the Himalayan house at Kew in 
April, 1911. It was raised from a graft presented by Miss 
A. Mangles, in whose garden at Littleworth there is a large 
bushy specimen of R. WighHi which has long been grown in 
the open. It flowers freely, however, only in certain 
seasons, but it is nevertheless probably quite as hardy as 
the other Sikkim Ehododendrons from the same elevation. 
The flowers are usually of a rather deeper yellow than those 
represented in our plate. Another point in which the plant 
now figured deviates from the figure by Sir J. D. Hooker 
cited above is in more lax inflorescence with longer pedicels. 
In all other respects, however, it agrees well with the 
original illustration. 

DESCRIPTION. — Shrub or small tree; twigs rather stout, 
at first more or less woolly, soon glabrous ; bark brown. 
Leaves lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate or almost elliptic- 
oblong, obtuse or subacute and mucronate, base slightly to 
markedly unequal, cuneate or wide-cuneate, or cuneate on 
one side rounded on the other, 3£-8 in. -long, 1J-3 in. wide, 
coriaceous, green and glabrous above, beneath except on 
the early glabrous midrib woolly with a closely adpressed 
cinnamon-brown tomentum, midrib impressed above, very 
much raised beneath, lateral nerves about 12 on each side 
somewhat sunk above and raised beneath, secondary venation 
slightly sunk above, margin somewhat revolute; petiole 
rather stout, J-1J in. long. Inflorescence terminal, many- 
flowered, laxly capitate; bracts narrow-oblong, acutely 
acuminate, up to If in. long, § in. wide, woolly; pedicels 
usually about 1^ in. long, soon glabrous, more or less 
nodding at the apex when the flowers open. Calyx-lobes 
small, glandular. Corolla campanulate, about If in. long, 
straw-yellow dotted with deep red ; lobes 5, shorter than 
the tube, spreading to recurved, imbricate, emarginate. 
Stamens 10, filaments over 1 in. long, shortly hairy below, 
anthers almost purple, 1J fin. long. Ovary densely woolly, 
10-celled; style about as long as the corolla, glabrous; 
stigma capitate. 

Fig. 1 portion of the underside of a leaf; 2, calvx and pistil; 3 and 4 
stamens; 5, ovary in transverse section; G, hair from ovary :—all enlarge/. 


Tab. 840:5. 


Western China. 

Saxifragaceae. Tribe Hydrangeae. 
DkUTZIA, Thanh.; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 612. 

Deutzia longifolia, Franch. in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Par. ser. 2, vol. yiii. p. 235, 
et in PL David, vol. ii. p. 53; Koehne in Sargent, PI. ffWIjm. p. 13 ; 
Schneider, Handb. Laubholzk. vol. ii. p. 935; Gard. Chron. 1912, vol li. 
p 409 fig. 195; ab affini D. demiflora, Kehd , dentibus, calycis longioribus 
an K ustio.ibusque et a D. albida, Batal. cui etiam propinquior praeterea folns 
lonceolatis argute serrulatis, petalis roseis, stylis longionbus distincta. 

Frutex 1-2-metralis, ramis juvenilibus pilis stellatis minutis adpressis vestitis, 
ramie vetustis glabratis pallide brunneis cortice plagulis magma tenuibus 
BolutO. Folia lanceolata, acuta vel saepms acuminata, basi leviter \el 
Jonriuscule attenuata, marginibus minute arguteque serrulata, 4-Jcm. 
Cla 2-2-5 cm. lata crassiuscula, supra saturate vmdia, piha stellatis 
conspersa, subtus pilis stellatis dense congestis albido-cmerea, in nerv s 
S sSplicibus additis, nervis lateralis utrmsecus circiter 4 subtus 
CminX Vnmae in corvmbum multiflorum hemisphaericum vel sub- 
SLad6 cm. longnm latumque collectae : bracteae inferiores 
fol aSae stiperiores lineares vel filiformcs, 5-7 mm. longae; pedicelh ad 
1 c n lonoi Bece Iculum dense stellato-lepidotum, quasi prumosum, hem - 
sphaeSm, *&. diametro. Sepala lanceolata ,jel <™W£%ge^ 
acuta 3 mm longa, rnbro-margmata, persistentia. 1 etala ovata, roseo 
"ffasa ve"S-alasb g astro rosea, Am. long* Stan*** extenoi. fi amen s 
o ^i„+, - c aiiu l.ifprili bus maion bus ad merliam antneram prouum. , 
SK^te ^SSfantT^m superante munita, omnia qua m 
poSamuUo te^ora. Styli 5 mm tongi Fr ^^^J°^ 
5-6 mm. diametro, albo-pruinosus.-i?. Vettchn ^on ra Gard . Gh o 

i2?kt MtW S« «»: 8£AK J: 

cum ic— 0. Stapp. ^___ 

The Deutzia which we here figure was originally dis- 
covered by the Abbe David near Moupine in Szechnan and 
was subsequently collected in various localities m the same 
province by Mr. E. H. Wilson at altitudes of from 5 000 to 
9,000 feet above sea level, wben collecting on behalf ot 
Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons, in 1901, and again during hi. 
latest Chinese journey. The species was first introduced 
into cultivation through the Ooombe Wood Nursery, of he 
Messrs. Veitch in January, 1902, as an unnamed DeuU.a 
I„ 1905 it was named D. Veitchu on tbeir behalf by 11, 
Wilson, and under that name it has become well known and 
widely established in collections and lias been recognmed by 
the Royal Horticultural Society. Thanks, howeve to the 
kindness of Professor Lecomte, who has ^J*"**'* 
our disposal lor study the specimen on winch Mr. h lanchet s 

May, 1918. 

original description of D. longifolia was based, it has been 
possible to ascertain that the name suggested by Mr. Wilson 
is superfluous. In 1908 a further supply of seeds was 
received at Kew from Professor Sargent, Arnold Arboretum ; 
from this consignment was raised the plant from which the 
material for our illustration has been obtained. In 1909 
yet another supply of seed reached Messrs. Veitch. The 
species varies slightly in size of flower and in depth of 
colouring ; one of the best of its forms is that which was 
raisedby Messrs. Veitch in 1902, and was again raised at 
Kew in 1908. Like all the other members of the genus, 
D. longifolia rejoices in a rich loamy soil and can be 
propagated by cuttings of moderately firm wood in July 
and August. In low-lying districts its flowers are liable to 
be damaged by late spring frosts, but on the whole it may be 
regarded as one of the most ornamental of Chinese Deutzias. 

Description.— Shrub, 3-7 ft. high, young twigs clothed 
with fine_ stellate hairs, old branches glabrate, pale brown, 
bark flaking, flakes thin. Leaves lanceolate, acute or often 
acuminate, base more or less narrowed, margins finely 
sharply serrulate, l|-3£ in. long, |-1 in. wide, rather 
thick, dark green above, with scattered stellate hairs, 
beneath densely grey-white tomentose with stellate hairs, 
but with a few simple hairs on the nerves, lateral nerves 
about 4 on each side, somewhat raised beneath. Cymes 
aggregated in a many-flowered hemispherical or almost 
pyramidal corymb about 2 1 - in. across ; lower bracts leafy, 
upper linear or filiform, about { in. long ; pedicels over 
J in. long. Receptacle densely stellate-lepidote, almost 
prmnose, hemispherical, } in. wide. Sepals lanceolate or 
triangular-lanceolate, -i in. long, persisting, their margins 
red. Petals ovate, rose-coloured in bud, suffused with rose 
when expanded, over £ in. long. Stamens of outer series 
with filaments 3-winged above, the lateral wino- s the larger 
and produced as far as the middle of the anther, those 
of the inner series with a solitary linear tooth longer than 
the anther, all much shorter than the petals. Styles J in. long. 
Fruit when ripe globose, |~J in. wide, white-pruinose. 

JSLJl rT ?V eaf; 2 ' Secti ? n of ca, * x ' 3 ' stellate scales; 4. 5, 6 and 7, 
stamens, 8, leaf trom a second specimen -.-all enlarged except 8, which is of 


"M S-del. J.N.Fitohlith. 


L Reeve &C? London. 

Tab. 8494. 
STRONGYLODON pseudolucidus. 

Madagascar. ' , 

Lkguminosae. Tribe Phaseoleae. 
Strongyloeon, Vogel', Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 532. 

Strongylodon pseudolueidus, Craib; species S. lucido, Seem, proxima bractcis 
bracteolisque multo majoribus, floribus minoribus recedit. 

Frutex scandens ; ramuli glabri, striatuli. Folia trifoliolata, ad 12 cm. longa, 
petiolo 7-8 cm. longo supra canaliculato glabro suffulta; stipulae late 
deltoideae, circiter 4 mm. longae et latae, virides, distincte pluriuervatae; 
foliola lateralia valde inaequilatera, latere altero diraidiatim ovata, basi 
rotundata, altero dimidiatim suboblonga, basi late cuneata vel rotundato- 
cuneata, ad 8'5 cm. longa et 5 cm. lata, terminalia a lateralibus circiter 
3 cm. distantia, ovata, basi latissime cuneata vel rotundata, ad 9 cm. longa 
et 5-5 cm. lata, omnia apice acuminata, mucronulata, glabra, viridia, 
membranacea, e basi trinervata, nervis secuudariis (e oosta ortis) 4-5 cum 
nervulis pagina superiore conspicuis inferiore prominulis vel subpromi- 
nulis; petioluli 5 mm. longi, pilis albisbrevibus hicillic instruct! ; stipellae 
lineari-lanceolatae, acutae, petiolulis subaequales. liacemi axillares, ad 
7 cm. Iongi, pedunculo communi 5 cm. longo glabro suffulti: nodi 
conspicui, flores tres gerentes ; bracteae hyalinae, fugaces, circiter 5 mm. 
longae, brevissime ciliatae; pedicelli ad 2 "5 cm. longi, glabri, summo apice 
bracteolis duobus hyalinis rotundatis ad 4 mm. longis brevissime ciliatis 
ante anthesin deciduis instructi. Calyx cylindricus, circiter 8 mm. longus, 
lobis brevibus rotundatis ciliolatis. Vexillum sub anthesin reflexum, 
oblongo-lanceolatum, apice emarginulatum, basi latere utroque auricu- 
latum, 22 mm. longum, fere 12 mm. latum, ungui circiter 4 mm. longo 
suffultum; alae 12 mm. longae, fere 4- 5 mm. latae, ungui 9 mm. longo 
suffultae; carina 2 cm. longa, 6 mm. lata, ungui 8 mm. longo adjecto. 
Stamen vexillare liberum. Ovarium 3 mm. longum, stipite circiter 1 cm. 
longo suffultum, uni- vel bi-ovulatum; stylus gracilis, circiter 15 mm. 
longus.— S. ruber, Thw. Enum. PI. Zeyl. p. 89 ; Baker in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. 
Ind. vol. ii. p. 191 ; Prain in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. vol. lxvi. pars 2, p. 411 ; 
non Vogel.— W. G. Ceaib. 

The Leguminous genus Strongylodon is widely spread 
from the Mascarenes to Melanesia with, however, two more 
or less distinct centres in Madagascar and in the Philippines, 
in each of which areas three or four endemic species appear 
to occur. The oldest of the known species is one which is 
widely spread in Polynesia from the Sandwich Islands to 
Fiji, first described in 1786 by the younger Forster as 
Glycine lucida, and in 1836 treated by Vogel as the basis of 
this distinct genus under the name S. ruber. Thirty years 
later Seemann again dealt with the plant under the more 
Mat, 1913. 

strictly accurate name S. lucidus. About the s^me time 
Tliwaites discovered what he assumed to be the Polynesian 
plant on the Ceylon coast and used for it Vogel's name ; 
thirty years later it was found that the Ceylon form is 
particularly abundant on the Andaman coast. In 1886, 
however, Drake del Castillo pointed out that the Ceylon 
Strongylodon is not the same as the Polynesian one. This 
Ceylon plant, which extends from the Andamans and Ceylon 
to Christmas Island, North Australia, New Guinea and New 
Caledonia, is readily distinguished from the Polynesian 
species by its much smaller flowers and its smaller pods. 
It is now found that this littoral species also extends west- 
ward from Ceylon to Madagascar; the material on which 
our plate is based was raised by Messrs. Charlesworth & 
Co., Hay wards Heath, from a seed received by them from 
a correspondent in Madagascar, and was communicated 
by them for identification in December, 1912, and was 
recognised as being the Strongylodon ruber of the coasts of 
Ceylon and the Andamans. Since, however, the name 
S. ruber belongs, as a synonym, to the Pacific S. lucidus, 
and since Drake, when pointing out that the two are 
specifically distinct, did not suggest a name for the more 
western plant, it has been necessary to provide one now. 
S. pseudolucidus, Messrs. Charlesworth find, thrives satis- 
factorily and is easy to grow in a warm conservatory. 

Description. — Shrub, climbing; twigs glabrous, faintly 
striate. Leaves 3-foliolate, nearly 5 in. long ; petiole glabrous, 
channelled above, 3 in. long; stipules wide-deltoid, about 
1 lin. long and wide, green, many-veined ; lateral leaflets 
unequal at the base, ovate rounded on the outer, oblong 
more or less cuneate on the inner aspect, 3| in. long, 2 in. 
wide, terminal about 1J in. beyond the lateral leaflets, 
ovate, base wide-cuneate or rounded, 3J in. long, 2| in. 
wide, all acuminate, mucronulate, glabrous, green, mem- 
branous, somewhat polished, 3-nerved from the base with 
4-5 pairs of lateral nerves spreading from the midrib on 
each side, visible on the upper surface and somewhat raised 
on the lower; petiolules about $ in. long, with a few white 
hairs; stipels linear-lanceolate, acute, about as long as the" 
petiolules. fiacemes axillary, up to 3 in. long; peduncle 
glabrous, 2 in. long, nodes distinct, each 3-flowered ; bracts 

hyaline fugacious, about J in. Ion- shortly ciliate ; pedicels 
up to 1 in. long, glabrous, with a pair of hyaline rounded 
shortly cihate deciduous apical bracteoles. Calyx cylindric 
about $ ip. long; lobes short, rounded, ciliolate. Standard 
retiexed in flower, oblong-lanceolate, faintly emarginate, 

Tr "77 & ' 4 &> * HJ ' Wiae > CIaw i m - long. 

Vexillary stamen free. Owary email, 1-2-ovuled, lon<?- 
stipitate ; style slender, about § in. long. 

4 Si iJSS^i Iai - d + ? e "' lowing stamens; 2, base of standard; 3, wing-petal. 
4, keel-petal; 5, pistil; 6, ovary laid open to show ovules -.-all Enlarged ' 


M. s . del. j nsr .pu*jh ith. 


Tab. 8495. 

DENDROBIUM Schuetzei. 


Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Dendrobium, Swartz; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 498. 

Dendrobium Schuetzei, Rolfe in Orch. Rev. 1911, p. 224; 1912, p. 337, 
fig. 47; Gard. C'hron. 1911, vol. 1. p. 42; 1912, vol. Iii. p. 229, fig. 102; 
Orch. World, vol. iii. p. 19; &D.]Dearei, Eeichb. f., pseudobulbis brevioribus 
floribus multo majoribus et mento brevius et obtuso differt. 

Herha epiphytica, 15-40 cm. alta. Caules erecti, subcylindrici, medio incrassati, 
sulcati, basi attenuati, dense folia ti. Folia subpatentia, elliptico-oblonga, 
obtusa, coriacea, 8-10 cm. longa, 2 • 5-3 ' 5 cm. lata. Pedunculi subterminales, 
breves, panciflori. Bracteae oblongae, subacutae, breves. Pedicelli circiter 
4 cm. longi. Flores magni, speciosi, albi, labelli basi viridi. Sepala sub- 
patentia ; posticum oblongo-lanceolatum, acuminatum, 3 cm. longum ; 
lateralia triangularia, acuta, carinata, 3-5 cm. longa ; mentum obtusum, 
1*3 cm. longum. Petala late ovato-orbicularia, apiculata, 4 ■5-5* 5 cm. 
longa, 3 - 5-4 cm. lata. Labellum trilobum, 4-4 "5 cm. longum; lobi 
laterales subincurvi, late rotundati; lobus intermedius subrecurvus, late 
obovatus, truncatus vel emarginatus, apiculatus, crenulatus, 3 "5-4 cm. 
latus; discus basi obtuse carinatus. Columna lata, 6 mm. longa; alae 
falcato-oblongae. — E. A. Kolfe. 

The handsome Dendrobium here figured is a native of 
the Philippines, whence it was introduced by Messrs. 
Sander & Sons, St. Albans, with whom it flowered for the 
first time in September, 1912 ; the notes published in the 
previous year were prepared from dried specimens. A plant 
purchased for the Kew collection from Messrs. Sander flowered 
in the tropical Orchid House in October, 1912. In the pre- 
paration of our plate use has been made of this latter plant 
and of photographs kindly supplied by Messrs. Sander. A 
member of the section Formosae, D. Schuetzei is nearly allied 
to D. Dearei, Reichb. f., and to D. Sanderae, Rolfe, the latter 
figured at t. 8351 of this work, both of which are Philippine 
species. Our plant has, however, larger flowers than either, 
with a much snorter obtuse mentum, so that it has more of 
the general appearance of the Indian D. formosum, Roxb., 
though it is without the large orange-yellow disk of the 
latter. In D. Schuetzei the flowers are white with some 
green on the disk of the lip and a tinge of purple at the 
May, 1913. 

extreme base. The species thrives well at Kew under the 
treatment suitable for its two Philippine allies. The number 
of flowers to a peduncle apparently varies from one to 

Description. — Herb, epiphytic, 6-16 in. high ; stems 
erect, subcylindric, somewhat thickened in the middle, 
sulcate, narrowed to the base, densely leafy. Leaves some- 
what spreading", elliptic-oblong, obtuse, coriaceous, 3-4 in. 
long, 1-1£ in. broad. Peduncles subterminal, short, few- 
flowered ; pedicels about 1^ in. long; bracts short, oblong, 
subacute. Flowers large, showy, white with the base of the 
lip gre,en. Sepals somewhat spreading ; posterior oblong- 
lanceolate, acuminate, 1 J in. long ; lateral triangular, keeled, 
acute, 1^-2 in. long; mentum obtuse, J in. long. Petals 
wide ovate-orbicular, apiculate, l§-2£ in. long, 1J-1J in. 
wide. Lip 3-lobed, 1 J-l| in. long ; lateral lobes somewhat 
incurved, wide-rounded ; mid-lobe somewhat recurved, wide 
obovate, truncate or emarginate, apiculate, crenulate, about 
1 J in. across ; disk bluntly keeled at the base. Column 
broad, J in. long ; wings falcate-oblong. 

Fig. 1, column; 2, anther-cap; 3, pollinia; 4, sketch of an entire plant; 
all enlarged except 4t, tvhich is much reduced. 




L Reeve &C ° Loader.. 

Tab. 8496. 

SAXIFRAGA Stribrnyi. 


Saxifkagaceae. Tribe Saxifbageae. 
SAXIFKAGA, Linn. ; Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 635. 

Saxifraga (§ Kabschia) Stribrnyi, Velenovsky Neue Nachtr. Fl. Bulgar. 1902, 
p. 5, nomen ; Irving in Oard. Chron. 1909, vol. xlv. p. 259, et vol. xlvi. 
p. 195, f. 81; affinis S. mediae, Gouan, sed inflorescentiis ramosis, 
floribusque nutantibus differt. 

Herba caespitosa, caudiculis brevibus dense foliosis; caules floriferi erecti, 
ramosi, paive foliosi, patule glanduloso-pilosi. Folia inferiora rosulata, 
patula, sessilia, spathulato-oblanceolata, apice submucronata, usque ad 
2-5 cm. longa et 0*6 cm. lata, carnosa, glauca, supra foveolis intramargma- 
libus vix 1-5 mm. distantibus instructa, infra carinata. margine anguste 
cartilagineo basin versus parce ciliato; folia caulina oblongo-spatbulata, 
subacuta, O'5-l cm. longa, 1-5-3 mm. lata, viridia, interdum apicem 
versus rubella, margine inferne glanduloso-ciliata et utnnque parce 
glanduloso-pilosa. Injlorescentia cymosa, rami paten tes vel leviter recurvi, 
usque ad 4 cm. longi ; bracteae foliis caulinis subsimiles sed breviores, 
plerumque utrinque dense glanduloso-pilosae ; pedicelh ad 1 cm. longi, 
patente glanduloso-pilosi. F/ores nutantes, circiter 7 mm. diametro. Calyx 
campanulatus, medio circiter 2 5 mm. diametro, extra rubro-purpureus, 
dense glanduloso pilosus ; lobi subaequales, oblongo-ovati, apice rotunciati, 
circiter 2 mm. longi, extra glanduloso-pilosi. Petala suberecta late 
spathulata, apice obtuse dentata, circiter 2-5 mm. longa etW5 mm lata, 
carminea, glabra. Stamina petalis breviora. Styli 2, liben, erecti, g^ 1 '™- 
— S. porophylla, var. Stribrnyi, Velenovskjy, Fl. Bulgar. Suppl. 1. l»yo, 
p. 114.— J. Hutchinson. 

The small Saxifrage which is here figured is a native 
of Bulgaria, where it was first found in 1893 on Mount 
Rhodopo by Stribrny. Velenovsky, who at first thought 
that it might be considered a variety of S. porophylla, 
Bertol., subsequently adopted the view that it ought to be 
considered a distinct species, a view that further investiga- 
tion has served to confirm. In 1906 it was again gathered 
in its original locality by Adamovic, and in that year the 
plant from which our illustration has been prepared was 
obtained by purchase from Mr. Sundermann, of Lindau, 
Bavaria. According to Velenovsky S. Stribrnyi is in 
nature found in association with & Frederick Augusti, Bias, 
the affinities of which, of S. media, Gouan, and of the 
present plant have already been discussed at t. 8308 of this 
May, 1913. 

work. The affinity of our plant is closest with S. media, 
figured at t. 7315 of this work, but it is easily distinguished 
from S. media by its more branched inflorescence with 
nodding flowers. S. Stribrnyi is, perhaps, seen to most ad- 
vantage when cultivated in a pot in a cold frame, but it 
also does well in the Bockery, where it flowers sometimes 
as early as February. The plant figured, which had been 
grown in a frame, flowered in April, 1909. The species is 
a perennial one with clustered rosettes, but at Kew these 
clusters do not become enlarged as in some of the other 
species of the group to which our plant belongs. 

Description. — Herb, tufted ; crowns short, densely leafy ; 
flowering stems erect, branched, sparingly leafy, patently 
glandular-pilose. Leaves rosulate at the base, spreading, 
sessile, spathulate-oblanceolate, somewhat mucronulate, up 
to 1 in. long and £ in. wide, fleshy, glaucous, beset above 
with mtramarginal pits barely 1 lin. apart, keeled beneath, 
margin narrowly cartilaginous, sparingly ciliate towards the 
base ; stem-leaves oblong-spathulate, subacute, i-f in. long, 
up to | in. wide, green, sometimes reddish towards the tip, 
margin glandular-ciliate towards the base and sparingly 
glandular-pilose on both sides. Inflorescence cymose ; 
branches spreading or slightly recurved, up to lj in. long; 
bracts resembling the stem-leaves, but shorter and usually 
densely glandular-hairy on both surfaces; pedicels up to 
| in. long, patently glandular-hairy. Flowers nodding, 
about \ in. across. Calyx campanulate, about ^ in. across 
in the middle, reddish-purple and densely glandular-hairy 
outside; lobes subequal, oblong-ovate, rounded at the tip, 
about 1 lin. long, glandular-hairy outside. Petals suberect, 
wide spathulate, apex bluntly toothed, about T \j- in. long and 
under -^ in. wide, glabrous, carmine. Stamens shorter than 
the petals. Styles 2, free, erect, glabrous. 

Fip.l, basal leaf; 2, bract; 3, hairs from margin of bract ; 4, flower; 5, pistil; 
b aud 7, stamens; 8, pistil:— all enlarged. 



Vince i 

\C° London 

Tab. 8497. 


Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoueae. 
Rhododendron, Linn.; Benth. et Tlook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron Augustinii, Ilemsl. in Jnurn. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. p. 19 ; Flora 
& Sylva, 1905, p. J 62; Rev. Uort. 1909, p. 19; Le Jardin, 1909, p. 158; 
Iknld. et Wihon in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 114; Gard. Chron. 1912, vol. Hi. 
p. 4; ab affini R. lutescente, Franch., foliorum coeta subtus pubesccnte 
facile distinguendum. 

Frutcac- 1-1 -5 m. altus; ramuli primum pubesccntes, pallide corticati, lepidoti, 
demum glabri, corticc brunneo obtecti, lepidibus sparsioribus vix con- 
Bpieuis instructi. Folia lauceolata vel late lanceolata, apico acuta vol 
fere acuminata, mucronata, basi obtuse cuneata, 4-6-2 cm. longa, 1-3-2-2 
cm. lata, charraci o-coriarea, supra viridia, puberula, subtus pallidiora, 
costa tantuni conspicne longe albo-pubescentia, lepidibus 6atis crebris 
ornata, costa subtus prominente, nervis lateralibus utrinque circiter 8 
pagina utraque subconspicuis, nervulis supra impressis, margine parnm 
revoluta; basin versus juventute setis pmcis longis instructa; petioli 
3-7 mm. longi, pubeseentes. PrdiaUi 11-17 mm. longi, lepidoti. Valycis 
lobi breves, apice rotundati, ciliati. Corolla campanulata ; tubus 14 mm. 
longus; lobi 5, patentee, margine undulati, superiores maculati, ovati vel 
oblongo-ovati, acutiuseuli vel obtusi ad 23 mm. longi ct 16 mm. lati. 
Stamina 10, pirum exserta, filamentis inferne pilosis. Ovarium den.'c 
lepidotum nisi basi apiccquc pilosum, stylus 35 mm. longus, glabcr.— 

W. G. CltAIB. 

The Rhododendron now figured, which was originally 
named in compliment to Mr. Augustine Henry, its first 
discoverer, appears to be one of the most hardy and free- 
growing of the new Chinese species of the genus _ and 
thrives in any open soil free from lime, although the ideal 
soil is one of a peaty nature. It can be increased by 
cuttings made of the current year's growth taken m late 
July when the wood is becoming firm. The plant from 
which our illustration has been prepared was obtained for 
Kew from Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons in 1908, their stock 
having been raised from seeds procured by Mr. & H. 
Wilson, who met with the species both in Hupeh, where it 
had formerly been gathered by Mr Henry, and m 
Szechuan. It is, however, probable that there was an 
independent and earlier introduction ot this to 
June, 1913. 

European gardens, because it was already not only in 
cultivation but in flower in the garden of Mr. M. L. de 
Vilmorin at Les Barres in 1904. The flowers vary some- 
what in colour from white to pink and pale purple, with 
yellow or orange blotches on the dorsal lobes of the corolla. 
Its nearest ally is E. lutescens, Franch., but from this it is 
easily distinguished, even when out of flower, by the line of 
persistent hairs on the midrib of the leaf beneath. 

Description. — Shrub, 3^—5 ft. high ; shoots at first 
pubescent, with pale lepidote bark, ultimately glabrous, the 
bark turning brown and with the scales more scattered and 
hardly visible. Leaves lanceolate or wide lanceolate, acute or 
subacuminate, mucronate, base wide cuneate, l§-2£ in. long, 
^— § in. wide, firmly papery, green and puberulous above, 
paler beneath and hirsute with long persistent white hairs 
only on the midrib, elsewhere rather copiously lepidote, 
midrib raised beneath, lateral nerves about 8 on each side, 
fairly visible on both surfaces, the finer nervation sunk 
above, margin somewhat revolute, towards the base when 
young beset with a few long deciduous hairs ; petiole 
f-J in. long, pubescent. Flowers showy ; pedicels -g-f- in. 
long, lepidote. Calyx-lobes short, ciliate, rounded. Corolla 
campanulate ; tube over \ in. long ; lobes 5, spreading, 
their margins undulate, the upper lobes blotched, ovate or 
ovate-oblong, moderately acute or quite obtuse, nearly 1 in. 
long, -| in. wide. Stamens 10, slightly exserted ; filaments 
pilose below. Ovary densely lepidote and hairy except at 
base and tip ; style 1^ in. long, glabrous. 

Fig. 1, petiole and base of leaf, seen from below, showing disposition of 
sca'es and hairs; '2, scales from leaf; 3, calyx and pfstil ; 4, ovary ; 5 and 6, 
stamens ; 7, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 


us a«umu«h.Mi 

Vinoer*Brool<s,Day ASon U*** 

J ^"London 

Tab. 8498. 

South- Eastern United States. 

Hypeeicaoeae. Tribe Hypericeae. 
Httkbicum, Linn.; Benth. et Hook:/. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 165. 

Hypericum aureum, Bartram, Trav. p. 383; Torr, <fc Gray, Fl. N. Am. 
vol. i. p. 161 ; Coulter in A. Gray. Syn. Ft. N. Am. vol. i. pars 1, p. 286 ; 
Small, Fl. 8. E. United States, p. 700; affine II. myrtifolio, Lam., a quo 
foliis basi angustatis nee cordatis, floribus majoribus, capsula intogra 

Flanta suffruticopa, snperne late ramosa, 0*6-1 -2 m. alta. Rami ramulique 
anguste bialati, alis a basi foliorum ad nodum inferiorem deeurrentibus, 
ali* duabus intermediis inconspicuis deorsum paullo productis. Folia 
oblonga, apice rotundata vel obtusa, plus minnsve apiculata, in basin 
angustata, 3-7 cm. longa, 1-2 cm. lata, tenuiter coriacea, glanduloso- 
punctata, snbtus glauoescentia ; petioli brevissimi. Cymae 3-florae, in 
paniculam foliatam dispositae, floribus solitariis intevdum in iisdem axillis 
infra pedunculos triadum ortis; bracteae foliaceae. Sepala foliacea, 
elliptico-oblonea vel obovato-oblonga, apiculata, glanduloso-punctata, 
valde inaequalia, 3 exteriora 8-9 mm. longa, 2 interiora 5 mm. longa. 
Fetala lutea, leviter deflexa, oblique obovata, 1*5 cm. longa. Stamina 
numerosissima, 1 cm. longa, aurantiaca; antberae dorsifixae, conncctivo 
glandulifero. Ovarium anguste ovoideum, integrum, 1-loculare, placentis 3 
parietalibus valde intrusis; ovula plurima; styli 3, primnm arete adpressi, 
demnm divergentes. Capsula ovoideo-conica, integra, 10-12 mm. longa.— 
//. frondosum, Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. vol. ii. p. 81. H. amoenum, Pursh, Fl. 
Am. Sept. vol. ii. p. 375.— T. A. Spbague. 

Tlie St. John's Wort which is here figured is a native of 
the South-Eastern United States, and is widely distributed 
from South Carolina and Georgia to Tennessee, Alabama and 
Texas. Though it has not before found a place in our 
pages, Hypericum aureum is an old plant in gardens, and the 
example* from which our plate was prepared is one of a 
batch raised from seed saved at Kew. It can also be 
quite easily propagated by cuttings in late summer. 
Among the St. John's Worts grown in gardens, II aureum 
is well marked by its deflexed yellow petals, its orange 
stamens and its leafy sepals. It is useful, like most of the 
cultivated Hypericums, for making a display in August 
when few woody plants are in blossom. It is quite hardy 
Junk, 1913. 

nnd thrives best, in a well-drained loam of moderate 
richness. In habit it differs from many of its congeners 
in forming a distinct stem which gives the plant the 
appearance of a miniature tree. Botanically II. aureum is 
most nearly related to II. myrtifolium, Lam., another North 
American species which has 3 styles and a 1-celled ovary, 
as well as foliaceous sepals. But from //. myrtifolium our 
plant is readily distinguished by its narrow in place of 
cordate leaf bases. 

Description. — Undershrub, widely oranched above, 2-4 ft. 
high ; branches and twigs narrowly 2-winged, the wings 
decurrent from the leaf-bases to the node next below, with 
two faint intermediate wings prolonged somewhat further 
down. Leaves oblong, rounded or blunt, and more or less 
apiculate at the tip, narrowed to the base, l£-3 in. long, 
f— j in. wide, thinly leathery, gland-dotted, glaucescent 
beneath ; petioles very short. Cymes 3-flowered, forming a 
leafy panicle, with at times solitary flowers situated in the 
same axils as, but below the cyme-peduncles ; bracts leafy. 
Sepals leafy, elliptic-oblong or obovate-oblong, apiculate, 
gland-dotted, very unequal, the 3 outer -i- in. long, the 
2 inner \ in. long. Petals yellow, somewhat deflexed, 
obliquely obovate, § in. long. Stamens very many, § in. 
long, orange-yellow ; anthers dorsiflxed, connective glandu- 
liferous. Ovary narrow ovoid, entire, 1-celled ; placentas 3, 
parietal, far-intruded ; ovules very many ; styles 3, at first 
closely adpressed, at length diverging. Capsule ovoid-conic, 
entire, ^-£ in. long. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2 and 3, anthers -.—all enlarged. 



v /5nceitBrooks, Day&.Son Lt d xtnp 

1 Reeve <3cC<? 

Tab. 8499. 
AMELANOHIER oligocarpa. 

North America. 

Rosaceae. Tribe Pomeae. 
Amelanohiee, Medic. ; Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 628. 

Amelanchier oligocarpa, Boem. Syr), fasc.iii. Bos. p. 145; affinis.4. canadensi, 
Torr. et Gray, a qua statura humili, foliis utrinque magis minusve acutis 
minute crenato-serratis, inflorescentiis paucifloris, ovarii vertice pubescente 
et fructu atro-purpureo longiore quam lato differt. 

Frutex plerumque humilis, raro sesquimetralis, ramis glabris cortice fusco- 
nitente obtectis. Folia oblonga vel oblongo-elliptica, utrinque breviter 
acuta vel basi subobtusa, minute crenato-serrata, 3-5 cm. longa, 2-2 -5 cm. 
lata, in gemma dense pubescentia, citissime glabrata, nervis obliquis 
utrinque 8-12; petiolus -5-1 (vel ultra) 1 cm. longus; stipulae linean- 
filiformes, purpureae, circiter 5 mm. longae. Flores in brachycladns 1-3, 
rarius 4; pedicelli villosuli, l"5-2 cm. longi. Beceptaculum turbinatum, 
3 mm. nltum, basi villosulnm, superne glabrum. SepaJa e basi triangulan 
filiformiter acuminata, apicibus rubris, 3 mm. longa, extus glabra, intus 
villosulo-pubescentia. Petala alba, late oblonga, 6-8 mm. longa. Antherae 
flavae. Ovarii vertex pubescens. Fructus atro-purpureus, pruinosus, 
globoso-pyriformis vel globoso-ellipsoideus, 8-9 mm. longus, 6-7 mm. 
diametro .— A. canadensis, var. oligocarpa, Torr. & Gray, Fl. N. Am. vol. l. 
p. 474. Mespilus canadensis, var. oligocarpa, Michx. M. Bor. Am. vol. l. 
p. 291; S. Watson in Garden & Forest, 1888, p. 247; Gray Manual, ed. 
vi. p. 167; C. Schneider, Handb. LaubholzJc. vol. l. p. 737— 0. Stapf. 

The subject of our illustration, Amelanchier oligocarpa, is 
a denizen of cold swamps and mountain bogs from Labrador 
southward to the shores of Lake Superior and the northern 
portion of New York State. In habit it is the most low- 
growing species of its genus, and coming as it does from a 
more northerly habitat than any other, it is exceedingly 
hardy. Yet it has always been one of the rarest of shrubs 
in our collections, some form of A. canadensis, Torr. & Uray, 
being as a rule supplied under the name, a circumstance 
which may perhaps have helped to account for its occasional 
treatment as a variety of A. canadensis. In spite ot this, 
A. oligocarpa is singularly unlike A. canadensis, and is well 
and easily distinguished by the few-flowered inflorescences 
with one to three, very rarely four blossoms. The species 
thrives best in a good loamy soil. The plant from which 

June, 1913. 

the material for our figure has been obtained is one which 
was received at Kew from the Arnold Arboretum in 1910. 

Description.— Shrub, usually dwarf, rarely up to 5 ft 
high ; twigs glabrous, bark shining brown. Leaves oblon- 
or ■ ob long-elliptic, shortly narrowed to apex and base ov 
with the > base somewhat rounded, margin finely crenate- 
serrate, l|-2 in long, f-1 in. wide, densely pubescent in 
bud, very qiJ]d ]y g i abr0US) , ateral veing 8 _ 12 ^ each g . de 

oblique; petiole ^ in. long; stipules linear-filiform' 
purple, about } in. long. Flowers 1-3, rarely 4 to a 
flowering shoot ; pedicels somewhat villous, f-2 in Ion- 
£l*cq>tade turbinate, U 1m. deep, somewhat villous 'below; 
glabrousabove. Sepals finely acuminate from a triangular^ 
base, their tips red, glabrous outside, villous within, if lin. 

velL n W Ht i e ' Wlde ohl T g > *~i in « l01 ^- A ^s 

yellow. Ovary pubescent at the top. Fruit dark purple 
pruinose rather widely piriform or ellipsoid, 1 in Ion ' 
£ in. wide. r ' 8 luu o> 

r Itr'o'JZf- 'TiZ f^trf : A M: 3 " TCrt ™' B <*«™ <* "flower, the 

7 i ; 

1/ | 

; 1 ; : ^ 

■ ■ 


M. S.detJ.'N.Fitch Jith 

art Rrookr-.Day &SonI^imp- 
L.Reeve & C ? London 

Tab. 8500. 


India and China. 

Melastomaceae. Tribe Osbeckieae. 
Osbeckia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 714. 

Osbeckia stellata, D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 221, et in Bot. Re;/, t. f>74 ; 
Book. Exot. Fl. t. 37; DC. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 142 (var. exclus.); species 
0. hinpidi^imae, Wight affinis sed ramulis et foliis sparse strigosis, foliorum 
basibus rotunriatis diffijrt. 

Frutex, 1-2 m. altus. Hamuli tetragoni, superne rubentes, inferne corfice 
tenui obtecti, scabri. Folia opposite, ovato-lanceolata, apice acuminata, 
basi rotundata, 6-15 cm. Ionga, 2-5 cm. lata, membranacea, sparse et 
brevissime strigillosa, ciliata. nervis 5; pefio'i 0-8-1 cm. longi. Flores 
terminates in cymam paucifloram aggregati; bracteae late triangulares, 
5 mm. longae, 5 mm. latae, ciliatae. Cahjcis tubus urceolatus, pallide 
viridis, 1-5 cm. lougus, 1 cm. diametro ; segmenta 4, lineari-lanceolata, 
acute serrate, 1'3 cm. Ionga, pili sfellati, stipitati, apud calycis basin 
minuti, prope apicem ad 0"8 mm. longi, stipitibus viridibus, radiis circa 8 
rnbentibtis. Corolla Jilacino-rubenK, petalis 4 late ovatis vel orbicularibus 
ciliatis 35 cm. longis 3 cm. latis. Stamina 8, aequalia, Intea ; antherae 
incurvae connectivo antice bicalloso. Ovarium apice setosum; stylus 
albus, elongatus, apice curvatus; stigma nigrum, simplex.— 0. speciosa, 
Hort. ex Naud. in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 3, vol. xiv. p. 73. 0. crinita 0, Benth. 
MSS. in Herb. Kew. 0. septemnervia, Ham. in Wall. Cat. n. 4062 B.— 
J. J. Clark. 

The Osbeckia which forms the subject of our illustration 
appears to have first attracted the attention of Dr. F. 
Buchanan (afterwards Hamilton) when he accompanied the 
embassy of Captain Knox to the Court of Nepal in 1802. 
None of the seeds then sent by him to Dr. Roxburgh, the 
superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Calcutta, appear 
to have reached Europe in a germinable state, and it was 
not until the period from 1816 to 1822, when Dr. Wallich, 
then in charge of the Calcutta garden, was successful in 
obtaining Himalayan seeds, that the plant was introduced to 
English horticulture. These seeds found their way to 
various prominent nurserymen, and by 1820 the plant was 
already under cultivation," by whom first raised is uncer- 
tain. In 1822 Messrs. Shepherd of Liverpool advertised 
the species as raised by them from se^ds collected near 
Khatmandu in Nepal. In the manuscript of his " Exotic 

June, 1013. 

Flora," Sir W. J. Hooker described this species as 
0. crinita, but before the description appeared, the name 
was altered to 0. stellata which had already been pub- 
lished by Dr. D. Don. The species, which extends from 
the North- Western Himalaya to China, has again been 
introduced to Europe from the Calcutta garden ; the material 
for our figure has been derived from a plant raised from 
Sikkim seeds sent from the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 
by Major Gage. The plant is easily grown, and under 
ordinary greenhouse conditions it forms a shrub about two 
feet in height which flowers in autumn. 

DESCRIPTION. —Shrub, 2-7 ft. high ; branchlets 4-angled, 
reddish upwards, below covered with a thin bark, scabrid. 
Leaves^ opposite, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, base rounded, 
2^-6 in. long, f-2 in. wide, membranous, sparingly and 
shortly strigillose, ciliate, 5-nerved from the base ; petioles 
J-f in. long. Flowers terminal, clustered in few-flowered 
cymes; bracts wide triangular, J in. long and wide, 
ciliate. Calyx-tube urceolate, pale-green, f in. long, § in. 
wide; segments 4, linear-lanceolate, sharply serrate, ^ in. 
long; hairs stellate, stalked, near the base minute, towards 
the apex larger ; stalks of the hairs green, rays about 8 to 
a hair, reddish. Corolla lilac-red; petals 4, wide ovate or 
orbicular, ciliate, 1J in. long, l\ in. wide. Stamens 8, 
equal, yellow ; anthers incurved, connective 2-callose in 
front. Ovary setose at the tip; style white, elongate, 
declinate, upcurved at the tip ; stigma black, simple. 

Fig. 1 port : on of a leaf; 2, vertical section of calyx and pistil ; 3 and 4, 
anthers ; o, a hair from the ovary :— all enlarged. 


- —■■:;, 

• JN.Fitchlith. 


I. Reeve &lC° London- 

Tab. 8501. 
AGAVE Warelliaxa. 


Amabyllidaceae. Tribe Agaveae. 
Agave, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 738. 

Agave (Littaea) Warelliana, Baker in Gnrd. Chron. 1877, vol. viii. p. 2(54, 
fig. 53; species e grege Littaearum perianthiis tubulosis segmentisque 
recurvis, maxime affinis A. chiapetwi, Jacobi et A. macranthae, Tod., wd 
a prima differt tubo longiore, a secunda foliorum forma et aculeis minoribus. 

Suffrutex. Rosula acaulis vel subcaulescens, parce sobolifera et post anthesin 
ex axillis ramosa, dense foliata, circiter 1 m. alta et 1 • 70 m. lata. Folia 
laete et pallide viridia, vix glaucescentia, sulmitida, erecto-patentia, 
lanceolato-spathulata, acuminata, 70-75 cm. Jonga, supra medium 13-14 
cm. lata, basin versus ad 9-10 cm. constricta, usque medium convexa, 
superne planc-concava, dorso convexa, basi carnosa circiter 6-7 cm. crassa, 
superne tenuiora sed satis rigida ; ppina terminals 18-20 mm. longa et 
3^1 mm. lata, recta, atro-brunnea, supra plana et ultra medium late canah- 
culata, ad margines longe decurrens; margines linea atro-brunnea vel 
demum grisea usque basin fere muniti aculeisque parvis vix 1 mm. longis et 2 
mm. inter se distantibus rectis incurvisvel recurvatis serrulati. Inft ortmo nUa 
circiter 5 m. alta ; scapus validus adscendens 2 m. longus, vindi-brunneo- 
maculatus, bracteis vacuis numerosis erectis adpress-is delloideis longe 
acuminatis mucronatis obtectus ; bractcae inferiors circiter 28cm. et ultra, 
superiores 18 cm. longae; spica densissima 3 m. longa et circiter 34-3o cm. 
lata, bracteae magnae, circiter 15-17 cm. longae ns scapi similes, summi 
gradatim minores. Floras breviter pedicellati. 90-95 mm. longi ; ovarium 
4 cm longum,utrinqueattenuatum, trigonum, laeve, laete vinde, subrcctnm ; 
perianthii tubus decurvatus, obconicus, 14-15 mm. longus, extra 0-sulcatus ; 
segmenta late lineari-lanceolata, obtusiuscula, 35 mm. longa, mtus luteola, 
dorso violaceo-bruuneo-adspersa, extpriora acutiora, interiora obtusiora 
latiora, 10-11 mm. lata, dorso late carinata ; filamenta ad foucem inserta, 
85 mm lonpa, violaceo-brunnea, basi pallida, antherae sulphureae 32 mm. 
longae; stylus robustus concolor fere 14 cm. longus. Cajwu/a obclavata, 
breviter rostrata, trigona, lignosa, 35-38 cm. longa et 18 mm. lata; semma 
atra, 6 mm. lata, subsemiorbiculata.— A. Bebgeb. 

Agave Warelliana was first described by Mr. Baker from 
the famous collection of Mr. Wilson Saunders. It is still 
an uncommon, but is a very attractive plant in gardens. 
During the summer of 1912 it flowered at La Mortola id 
the garden of Lady Hanbury, and also m the garden oi 
Professor G. Roster at Ottonella in the Island ot Llba 
From the plant which flowered at La Mortola was derived 
the material from which our figure has been prepared. 
June, 1913. 

Among the Agaves generally included in the section Littaea 
on account of their cylindrical inflorescences, our species 
belongs to a special group the members of which have 
tubular flowers with recurved segments, as in A. polyacantha, 
C. Koch. Its nearest allies are A. macrantha, Tod. and 
A. chiapensis, Jacobi. All have rather large flowers and 
bracts. But in A. chiapensis the flowers are smaller than 
in A. Warelliana and have a shorter tube ; the leaf characters 
also differ even more markedly. Between A. macrantha, Tod., 
and A. Warelliana there are relatively minor differences, 
especially in the shape of the leaves and their marginal 
teeth, so that it is not impossible that the two may be 
extreme forms of one rather variable species. If this view 
be adopted, Mr. Baker's name has priority. The Agave 
which flowered at Lyon in the Pare de la Tete-d'Or in 
18G9 and was described as A. chiapensis by Jacobi (Abhandl. 
Schles. G-es. Naturw. Abth. 1870, p. 164) is another form 
of this species and is not the same as the original A. chia- 
pensis described by Jacobi in 1866 (Hamb. Gartenz. 
xxii. 213). 

Description. — Shrub. Rosette acaulescent or very shortly 
caulescent, with about 75 leaves, over 3 ft. high arid nearly 
6 ft. broad, emitting a few suckers and, after flowering, 
branching from the axils. Leaves about 28-29 in. long 
and 5-5£ in. broad in the middle, lanceolate-spathulate, 
erecto-patent, bright pale green, almost shining, rather stiff 
and hard, at the base about 2J-3 in. thick, constricted to 
4 in. or less, above convex or plano-convex, towards the 
middle and the long point a little concave, convex at the 
back, especially at the base; end spine £-£ in. long and 
|-2 lin. broad, straight, black-brown, when old ash-grey, 
above flat and broadly channelled to about the middle, 
on the margins decurrent into a narrow horny line which 
almost reaches the base and which is densely beset with 
minute teeth ; teeth about £ lin. long and 1 lin. distant, 
straight or curved. Inflorescence over 15 ft. high. Scape 
robust, over 6 ft. high, green mottled with brown, densely 
covered with numerous empty bracts, all erect, deltoid and 
long acuminate, the lower ones about 11 in., the upper ones 
about 7 in. broad. Spike dense and many-flowered above, 
9 ft. high, and when expanded about 13-14 in. broad; 

bracts similar to those of the scape and rather large, 
about 6-7 in. long or longer, the upper ones gradually 
smaller ; pedicels short and thick. Flowers about 3^-3§ in. 
long, with a curved tube and limb. Perianth-lobes broadly 
linear-lanceolate, obtuse, yellowish-green, outside mottled 
with brown or red, the outer ones more acute, the inner 
ones broader, about 5-5| lin. wide, with a deep channel 
above and a fleshy keel at the back; tube obconical, 
7_71 li n . l on g ? outside with six distinct furrows; stamens 
over 3 in. long, widely spreading, robust, violet-brown, 
paler at the base; anthers about l| in. long. Ovary 1| in. 
long, somewhat triangular, smooth, green; style coloured 
like the stamens, at length 5 \ in. long. Capsule _ 2| in. 
long, obclavate, triquetrous ; seeds black, about 3 lin. long 
and broad. 

Fie. 1, portion of leaf-margin with teeth; 2, anther; 3, stigma; 4, sketch of 
an entire plant:— all enlarged except 4, which is much reduced. 



"Vincent Bro o^ck Day 6t 3 on. Lt4 imp. 

l.Reave &.C? Londc 

Tab. 8502. 
Central America. 

Compositae. Tribe Helianthoideae. 
Podachaenium, Benth. ex, Oerst.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. 380. 

Podachaenium eminens, Baill. Hist. PL vol. viii. p. 206 (1882); species 


Frutex elata ; rami cinereo-tomentosi, subteretes. Folia opposita, ambitu 
suborbicularia vel late ovata, obtuse acuminata, basi in petiolum breviter 
vel longe cnneata, usque ad 22 cm. longa, 5-18 cm. lata, breviter 5-7-loba 
vel subintegra, membranacea vel tenuiter chartacea, supra subscabrido- 
puberula, infra cinereo-pube^centia vel subtomentosa, supra basin pro- 
minente trinervia; petioli usque ad 12 cm. longi, pubescentes. Corymbi 
terminales, laxiflori, ad 20 cm. expansi, foliosi; bracteae lineares, circiter 
3 mm. longae, pubescentes; pedunculi 1-3 cm. longi, graciles, albo- 
tomentosi. Capitula 2-5-3 cm. expansa, late campanulata. Involucri 
bracteae 3-seriatae, lineares vel oblanceolatae, obtusae vel subacutae, 3-4 
mm. longae, extra breviter albo-tomentosae, intra glabrae et nitidae. 
Beceptaculum conicum, 2 mm. altum. Paleae disci corolhs breviores, 
oblanceo'atae, obtusae vel subacutae, membra naceae, carinatae, puree 
puberulae. Flores radii 9-10, patuli, albi ; corollae tubus • 7? mm. longus, 
puberuhis; limbus oblongo-ob'anceolatus, apice late emarginatus, 1 era. 
longus, 4-5 mm. latus, 7-nervius, glaber; achaenia anguste obovoidea, 
stipitata, 3-angulata, angulis minute pubescentibus; pappi paleae circiter 
5, lanceolatae, acutae, 0"75 mm. longae, glabrae; stylus exsertus, bilobus. 
Flores disci numerosi, flavi; corollae tubus subcylindncus, 15 mm. longus, 
inferne parce pubescens; lobi 5, obtuse triangulares; antherae 1 mm. 
longae, acutae; achaenia iisflorum radii simillima; pappus rigidus, palea- 
ceus, paleis 2 ad angulos sitis acutissimis plus miuusve interns, A la'erali- 
bus dimidio vel ultra brevioribus latis lacerates vel 3-4-dentatis.— 
Ftrdiuanda eminens, Lag. Gen. et Sp. Nov. p. 31 (1816) P«j**w««*ll 
paniettiatum, Benth. ex Oerst. in Kjoe\ Vidensk. Meddel., 1B&4 p. JJ , Biol. Cent.-Am. Bot. vol. ii. p. 192. 1\ atatftm, Walp -Ann. xo\. v. 
p. 230, pphalm. (1858). Cosmophyllum cacaliae folium, C, Koch, ina. »em. 
Hurt, B -rol. 1H51. p. 12; Walp. Ann. vol. v. p. 219 Dicalymma frajrans, 
1-em. lllustr. Hortic. vol. ii. Misc. 37.— J. Hutchinson. 

The Composite here figured has been in continuous 
greenhouse cultivation for over seventy years. A native 
of Central America, it is met with wild at from 3,000 to 
6,500 feet above sea-level from Southern Mexico to Costa 
Rica. The monotypic genus Podachaenium to which it 
belongs is rather closely related to Verbesina, Linn., but is 
readily distinguished by its uniformly opposite leaves and 
its stipitate achenes with few pappus scales, n hen tirst 
July, 1913. 

described it was referred by Lagasca to Ferdinanda, and 
the erroneous name F. eminens is even yet frequently em- 
ployed for our plant in seed-lists and garden catalogues. 
The plant is of vigorous growth and easy culture provided 
it be given a sunny and airy position. It maybe propa- 
gated by seeds or by cuttings of young growths in sandy 
soil in a moist, warm frame. Unless frequent stopping of 
growths be practised the plants become somewhat straggling 
and unbalanced. To ensure free flowering in early spring 
from the leading shoots, plants should be allowed to become 
well pot-bound in comparatively small pots during winter. 

Description.— Shrub ; twigs grey-tomentose, sub terete. 
Leaves opposite, suborbicular or wide ovate, bluntly acumi- 
nate, narrowed to a short or long petiole, up to 9 in. 
long 2-7 in. wide, shortly 5-7-lobed or nearly entire, 
membranous or thinly papery, scabrid puberulous above, 
grey-pubescent or nearly tomentose beneath, distinctly 
^nerved above the base ; petiole up to 5 in. long, pubescent. 
Corymbs terminal, lax, leafy, up to 8 in. across; bracts 
linear, about lj lin. long, pubescent; peduncles 1-1| in. 
Jong, slender, white-tomentose. Heads 1-11 in." across, 
wide campanula**. Bracts of the involucre 3-seriate, linear 
or oblanceolate, obtuse or subacute, 1J-2 lin. long, shortly 
white-tomentose outside, glabrous and shining inside. Re- 
ceptacle conical 1 lin. deep. Pales of the disk shorter than 
tlie corollas, oblanceolate, obtuse or subacute, membranous, 
keeled, sparingly puberulous. Ray-florets 9-10, spreading, 
white, corolla-tube ^ in. long, puberulous ; limb oblong- 
oblanceoate tip wide-emarginate, | in. long, J-i in. wide, 
/-nerved, glabrous; achenes narrowly obovoid, stipitate, 
dangled, angles pubescent ; pappus-pales about 5, lanceolate, 
acute, ^ in. long, glabrous ; style exserted, 2-lobed. Disk- 
Jtorets many, yellow; corolla tube subcylindric, X in. long, 
sparingly pubescent low down ; lobes 5, bluntly triangular; 
anthers ^ m . long, acute achenes as in the ray-florets ; 
pappus-paleae rigid, 2 at the angles acute and nearly entire, 
I lateral much shorter, wide and lacerate or 3-4-too'thed. 

inS^T« n fl° f ^f T frtCe 0f leaf 5 2 ' flower-head; 3, bract of the 

8 anfc- q SL fl ° ret; 5 ' a ,? h T ; 6 ' Scale of the «**Ptacle; 7, disk-floret; 
o, amners , y, style-arms :— all enlarged. 



L Reeve &.G 9 

Tab. 8503. 
SEDUM pilosum. 

Caucasus and Armenia. 

Sedum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 65!). 

Sedum pilosum, Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Cauc. vol. i. p. 352, et Cent. Plant. Bar. t. 40 ; 
DC. Frodr. vol. iii. p. 406; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 786; Irvinyin Card. 
Chron. 1911, vol. xlix. p. 317, fig. 16; affinis & sempervivoidi, Fisch., sed 
foliis multo angustioribus oblongis vel oblanceolatis et petalis obtusis vel 
subacutis (nee longe acutis) pulchre roseis facile distinguitur. 

Herba succnlenta, 5-7 cm. alta, plandulo=o-pubescens. Folia 5-10 mm. longa, 
2-5 mm lata, oblonga vel oblancpolato-oblonga, obtusa; radicalia dense 
rosulata; caulina alterna, sublaxa vel conferta, patula. Flora m cymam 
corymbosam 2-4 cm. dkmetro conferti. Pedkelli 2-5 mm. longi. Bepala 
erecta, 3-5-4 mm. longa, 1-5-1-75 mm. lata, oblonga, subacute vel obtusa. 
Petala erecta, apice recurva, 6-7 mm. longa, 2 5-3 mm. lata elliptico- 
lanceolate, obtusa vel subacuta, basi in unguem latum angustata, glabra, 
pulchre rosea. Stamina 3-4 mm. lonpa, glabra; antherae riibrae. 
Carpella 4 mm. longa, interne compresso-ovoidea, superne m stylnm 1 mm. 
longum attenunta.- Umbilicus pubescent, Ledeb. FL Eoss. vol. n. p. 17a 
Cotyledon pubescens, C. A. Mey. Verzeich. Pflanz. Cauc. p. l'M.- 
N. E. Brown. 

The pleasing little biennial Stonecrop which forms the 
subject of our figure is one of the most charming members 
of its genus, from all others of which it is readily distinguished 
bv its beautiful rosy flowers. In Sedum sempervwoides, 
Fisch., which has already been figured at t. 2474 of this 
work, and to which S. pilosum is most nearly allied, the 
flowers are deep red, and there are several other species m 
which the petals are purple. But except in & pilosum we 
do not in the genus Sedum find the rich rosy colour which 
the petals of our plant possess. In this regard and in their 
shape and general facies the flowers of S .pilosum bear a 
greater resemblance to those of a Crassula than to those ot 
a Sedum, though the number of the stamens and the 
disposition of the leaves prove conclusively that it is to 
the latter, not the former genus that our plant must be 
referred. A native of the Caucasus, where it affects exposed 
localities at heights of from 4,000 to 5,000 feet above 
July, 1913. 

sea-level, S. pilosum is quite hardy in this country when 
grown in well-drained, sunny situations in a stony soil. 
The plant from which our figure has been prepared is one 
which was received at Kew from the Burton Hardy Plant 
Company early in 1911. It had been raised, as were other 
plants already in cultivation but not yet in flower at Kew 
when this plant arrived, from seed sent to England in 1910 
by Messrs. Regel & Kesselring of St. Petersburg. 

Description - . — Herb, succulent, 2-3 in. high, glandular- 
pubescent. Leaves £-§ in. long, fa* \ in. wide, oblong or 
oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, radical densely rosulate, cau- 
line alternate, spreading, rather close together. Flowers 
clustered in a corymbose cyme |-1^ in. across ; pedicels 
tV"3" in. long. Sepals erect, |— J in. long, oblong, subacute 
or obtuse. Petals erect with recurved tips, \ in. long, 
■fa~k i n « w ide 5 elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse or subacute, 
narrowed below into a broad claw, glabrous, rose-pink. 
Stamens |— £ in. long, glabrous ; anthers red. Carpels ^ in. 
long, below compressed-ovoid, narrowed upwards into the 
short style. 

Fig. 1, a leaf ; 2, a flower; 3, a petal ; 4, a stamen ; 5, carpels with hypogynous 
glands : — all enlarged. 



Vincent ] iroo 


L Reeve &C?Lanac 

Tab. 8504. 


South Africa. 

Saxifragaceae. Tribe Cunonieae. 
Cunonia, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 654. 

Cunonia eapensis, Linn. Syst. ed. x. p. 1025 ; Lindl. in Bot. Req. vol. x. t. 828 ; 
DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 12 ; Rev. Hort. 1854, t. 8 ; Fl. Cap. vol. ii. p. 306 ; Sim, 
For Fl. Cape Col. t. 66 ; affinis C. Viellardi, Brogn. et Gris, sed floribus 
stipulis et foliis majoribus, foliolis numerosioribus, racemis longioribus et 
stylis elongatis differt. 

Arbor sempervirens, in cultu 4-5 m. altus. Folia opposita, longipetiolata, in 
toto ad 23-5 cm. longa, imparipinnata, foliolis Iateralibus 4 yel 6 spathulato- 
oblongis terminalibus oblanceolatis apice acntis basi cuneatis in petiolulum 
attenuatis 6*5-10 cm. longis, 2-3 cm. latis glanduloso-serratis coriaceis 
glabris supra atro-viridibus nitidis subtus pallidioribus ; petioluli 2-1 
cm. longi; petioli 4-5*5 cm. longi, rubiginosi; stipulae spatlmlatae, 
interpetiolares, folia novella includentes. Flores in racemos densifloros 
axillares dispositi; pedicelli 5-7 mm. longi, fasciculati. Calycis lobi 5, 
virides, ovati, 1 ■ 5 mm. longi, decidui, imbricati. Petala 5, luteola, oblonga, 
3 mm. longa, 1 ■ 5 mm. lata, apice obtusa, margine erosa. Stamina 10, longe 
exserta ; filamenta complanata, 6-7 mm. longa ; antherae parvae. Ovarium 
glabrum, biloculare ; styli 2, quam petala longiores.—Oosterdykia floribus 
spicatis, pentapetalis, foliis oblongis, subincanis serratis, Burm. PI. Afr. t. 9o. 
0. eapensis, Crantz, Inst. vol. ii. p. 452.— J. J. Clark. 

So far as is at present known, the subject of our illustra- 
tion, the Umqwashube of the Kaffirs or Red Alder of 
European settlers in South Africa, is the only African 
representative of the genus Cunonia, the other members of 
which, some ten in number, are confined to New Caledonia. 
While fairly abundant in the forest tracts of South-Eastern 
Africa, where it is a tree reaching a height of some fifty 
feet, C. eapensis is hardly entitled to be considered a forest 
tree, because it is rarely to be met with except on the fringes 
of forest tracts. The wood is valuable, being as^ hard as 
boxwood, resistant to fire and durable in water ; it is besides 
of a rich red colour and is very handsome when polished. 
The scarcity of the tree, however, prevents the extensive 
use of the wood. There used to be large plants of C. 
eapensis in various conservatories in the United Kingdom, 
notably a fine example at Syon where it grew well and 
July, 1913. 

flowered every year, and another at Bicton which throve so 
vigorously as to require severe pruning to keep it within 
hounds. At Kew it is grown in the Temperate House, but 
has never flowered satisfactorily, probably owing to its 
need for more direct sunlight than it there enjoys. The 
material for our figure was obtained from a specimen in the 
Botanic Garden of Trinity College, Dublin, with the history 
of which the name of Dr. Harvey, the well-known authority 
on the flora of South Africa, is inseparably associated, 
though, as Professor Dixon informs us, there is no 
particular^ record connected with the Dublin plant, which 
is grown in a cool greenhouse in the usual loam to which 
some peat has been added, and flowers every year. The 
flowers are fragrant. 

DESCRIPTION.—- Tree, evergreen, in conservatories 12-15 
ft. high, in a wild state up to 50 ft. high. Leaves opposite, 
long-petioled, unequally pinnate, up to 9 in. long, lateral 
leaflets 4 or 6, spathulate-oblong, terminal oblanceolate, 
acute at the apex, cuneate and narrowed into the petiolule 
at the base, 2J.-4 in. long, §-ll in. wide, glandular-serrate, 
coriaceous, glabrous, dark green and shining above, paler 
beneath; petiolules short or very short; petioles 1^-2-J- in. 
long, reddish ; stipules spathulate, interpetiolar, enveloping 
the new shoots. Flowers in dense axillary racemes; 
pedicels about ^ in. long, clustered. Calyx 5-lobed ; lobes 
green, ovate, deciduous, imbricate, very small. Petals 5, 
yellowish, oblong, | in. long, obtuse, erose. Stamens 10, 
tar exserted ; filaments flattened, £ in. long ; anthers small. 
Ovary glabrous, 2-celled ; styles 2, longer than the petals. 

Fig. 1, a flower; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, pistil :— all enlarged. 


Tab. 8505. 
CROTALARIA agatiflora. 

East Tropical Africa. 

Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Crotalaria, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 53. 

Crotalaria agatiflora, Schweinf. ex Engl, in Abhandl. Prews. Akad. Wist. 
1891, vol. ii. p. 244, et in Hoehnel, zum Rvdolph See, Append, p. 13; affinis 
C. lahvrnifoline, Linn., sed racemis multo robustioribus et longionbus, 
floribus duplo majoribus distinctissima. 

Frutex circa 1 ra. altus; rami glabri vel ad apices puberuli, virides. KM* 
alterna, exstipulata, 3-foIiolata, glabra vel anbtus puberula ; petioli 3-10 
cm. longi; petioluli 2-3 mm. longi; foliola 2 -5-7 cm. longa, 1-6-4 cm. lata, 
ovata, acuta, basi late cuneata vel cuneato-rotnndata. liacemi terminales 
20-35 cm. lond. Bracteae caducissimae, 1 ■ 5-2 ■ 5 cm. longae, ■ 5-1 ■ b cm. 
latae, lanceolatae vel ovato-lanceolatae, acnminatae, concavae, doiso 
pubernlae vel glabrae. Pedicelli snperne obconico-incrassati ; parte mfenore 
gracili 1 cm. longo viridi prope basin minute bibracteolato ; parte incrassn to 
sordide brunneo-pnrpureo leviter glauco. Calyx 3-lobus, glaber, vindis, 
leviter glancus; lobi laterales 13-14 mm. longi, 7-8 mm. lata, lanceokti, 
acuti ; lobus anticus 17 mm. longus, basi 4-5 mm. latus, in apicem tenuis- 
simum attenuatus. Corolla maxima, glabra, palhde vindi-lutea, carina 
a pice sordide fusco-purpurea ; vexillum 4 cm. longnm, 3 cm. latum, ovatum, 
snbaeutum. basi in ungnem 8 mm. longnm abrupte contractum; alae 
lamina 2-2 -5 cm. longa, 0-9-1 cm. lata, basi in unguem 9 mm. longnm 
abrupte contracta ; carina longe acuminata, 4-4-5 cm. longa IS cm. lata. 
Stamina basi monadelphia, parte libera 2'5-3-5cm. longa. Shjlnsb'b cm. 
longus, ad apicem staminnm vaginae abrupte mcurvatns. Legumen 
stipitatum, turgido-cylindricum, 6 cm. longum, 1"8 cm. crassum ; stipes 
1-3-1-5 cm. longus.— N. E. Brown. 

The Crotalaria here figured, one of the finest and one 
of the largest-flowered of the African species of this genus 
is a native of Uganda and British East Africa, and 
throughout this area appears to be rather widely spread 
and fairly common. It forms in a wild state a large, hand- 
some shrub with numerous long racemes of large greenish- 
yellow but nevertheless brightly coloured flowers. It is 
closely allied to the more familiarly known C. laburnifoha 
Linn.; but its larger leaflets are more acute the peduncle ot 
its raceme is much longer and stouter and the flowers are 
very much larger. The plant has been grown for the first 
July, 1913. 

time in this country in the garden of Mr. Ingham Whitaker 
at Pylewell Park, Lymington, by Mr. W. F. Hamilton, by 
whom a spray was submitted for identification in November, 
1912, followed later by further material which has admitted 
oi' the preparation of our plate. Under greenhouse condi- 
tions the species has thriven well and flowered freely under 
Mr. Hamilton's care. 

Description.— Shrub, about 3 ft. high ; branches glabrous, 
or puberulous^ towards the tips, green. Leaves alternate, 
exstipulate, 3-foliolate, glabrous or puberulous on the lower 
surface; petioles 1^-4 in. long; petiolules T V in. long; 
leaflets 1-2| in. long, |-1| in. wide, ovate, acute, wide 
cuneate or cuneately rounded at the base. Racemes 
terminal, 8-14 in. long; bracts very caducous, -f-1 in. long, 
J-§ in. wide, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 
concave, puberulous outside or glabrous; pedicels ob- 
conically thickened upwards, slender below, green, minutely 
2-bracteolate near the base, the upper thickened portion 
dull brownish-purple, faintly glaucous. Calyx 3-lobed, 
glabrous, green, slightly glaucous; lateral lobes over \ in. 
long, i in. wide, lanceolate, acute ; anterior lobe § in. long, 
J~| in. wide at the base, narrowed above into a very slender 
tip. Corolla very large, glabrous, pale greenish-yellow, 
keel dull brownish-purple at the tip; standard 1J in. long, 
It in. wide, ovate, subacute, base abruptly narrowed into 
a claw * in. long; wings f-1 in. long, \ in. wide, base 
abruptly contracted into a claw over ^ in. long ; keel long 
acuminate, U-lf in. long, § in. wide. Stamens mona- 
delphous below, the free portion l-l-i- in. long. Style 2£ in. 
long, abruptly incurved at the top of the staminal sheath. 
Fod stipitate, turgid-cylindric, U in. long, % in. thick ; 
stipe over £ in. long. 

tlJwoi a flowcr > P a 't of f he calyx and vexillum removed: % a flower with all 
the petals removed ; 3, pistil -.-all very slightly enlarged. 




L. Reeve &C° London 

Tab. 8 500. 


South Europe and North Africa. 

Apootnaceae. Tribe Pltjmerioideae. 
Vinca, Linn.; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 703. 

Vinoa difformis, Pourr. in Mem. Acad. Tout, vol. iii. p. 333 ; Rouy, Fl. France, 
vol. x. p. 226; Coutinho, Fl. Portug. p. 485; species V. mnjori, Linn., arctu 
affinis sed foliis basi minus late rotundatis vel breviter attenuatis, eciliatis, 
floribus paulo minoribus, sepalis glabris brevioribus, corollae segmentis 
superne minus Iatib distincta. 

Suffrutex, humilis, sempervirens ramis sterilibus prostratis florentibus ascenden- 
tibus. FoHi ovata e basi rotundata vel breviter acuta, apice obtusa vel 
subacuta, 3-7 cm. longa, 2* 5-4 "5 cm. lata, glaberriina; petiolus 5-8 mm. 
Iongus. Flares in foliorum superiorum axillis solitarii; j.edicelli 1-1 cm. 
longi. Srpala linearia, paulo supra baton utrinque glaudula miinita, 5-10 
mm. longa, raro longiora. Corolla coerulea; tubi pars infrastaminalis 
eylindrica, 4-5 mm. vel raro 6 mm. longa, pars suprastaminalis infnndi- 
buliformis, <J-13 mm. longa; limbi scgmenta oblique obovata, 12-20 mm. 
longa, 7-13 mm. lata.— V. media, Hoffg. et Link, Fl. Portug. vol. i. p. 370, 
t. 70. V. acutifiora, Bertol. Fl. I tab vol. ii. p. 751.— O. Staff. 

The Periwinkle which forms the subject of our plate is a 
native of the Western and Central Mediterranean region 
from Portugal to Italy and Algeria, where it is to be met 
with in moist and shady places, mostly in hedges and woods. 
According to Dr. Schneider it is extremely rarely met with 
in cultivation. The plant which yielded the material for 
our illustration is one which was presented to Kew by 
Canon Ellacomhe, in whose garden at Bitton the species has 
long been grown. It is a dwarf shrublet of the easiest 
cultivation where the climate is sufficiently warm for its 
constitution, but it is not so hardy as the two species, 
V. major, Linn., and V. minor, Linn., which are most 
commonly met with in English gardens. The plant figured 
had been grown in the open air, but as it was thickly 
set with flower buds in November, 1912, it was taken up, 
potted, and placed in a greenhouse. From then until 
February, 1913, it kept up a continuous succession of flowers, 
Jult, 1913. 

and the species therefore promises to be of value for green- 
house decoration during what are the dullest months of the 
year. According to Dr. Coutinho a variety tricolor, 
characterised by having a white centre to the corolla, has 
been met with in Southern Portugal. The species is very 
readily increased by means of firm, woody cuttings. 

Description. — Undershrub, evergreen and dwarf, with 
prostrate leafy branches and ascending flowering twigs. 
Leaves ovate, base rounded or shortly cuneate, apex sub- 
acute or obtuse, 1|-2| in. long, 1-lf in. wide, quite 
glabrous; petiole ^-] in. long. Flowers solitary in the 
axils of the uppermost leaves; pedicels J-l-J in. long. 
Sepals linear, with a gland on each side a little above the 
base, J~§ in. long or occasionally longer. Corolla blue, the 
portion of the tube below the stamens cylindric J-J rarely 
i in. long, the portion of the tube above the stamens funnel- 
shaped i-4 in. long; segments of the limb obliquely 
obovate, |-§ in. long, |-1 in. across. 

Fig. 1 section of calyx; 2, corolla tube, laid open; 3 and 4, stamens; 5, part 
of the style, with stigma :— all enlarged. 


VmcentBrooks Day&SorvLtf imp 

Tab. 8507. 
STAN HOPE A convoluta. 


Obchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Stanhopea, Frost; Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant. vol. iii. p. 549. 

Stanhopea convoluta, Rolfe in Kew Bulletin, 1909, p. 366; species S. trtcorm, 
Lindl., affinis, differt floribus majoribus, mesoebiln comubus oblongis 
obtusis nee acuminatis epichilio duplo brevionbus. 

Herba epipbytica. Pseudobulbi ovoidei vel ovoWeo-oblongi, obscure 5-angulati 
circiter 5 cm. longi. Folia petiolata, elhptica vel elliptico-oblomra breyter 
et abrupte acuminata, 5-7-nervia, 30-35 cm. longa 9-14 cm. lata, pet. oh 
circiter 8 cm. longi. Scapi breves, vagmis ovatis imbricatis obtecti, 
biflori. Bvcteae spathaceae, elliptico-oblongae, subacutae convolutae, 
6 cm. longao. Pedkelli 7 cm. longi. Sepala subpatentia, e Ihptico- 
oblonsa, concava, apice recurva et subacute, 6-5-7 cm. longa, d'o-4 cm. 
kS r e Petl conniventia, columnam involventia, ovate, eoncava subacnta 
5 cm longa 3 cm. lata. Labellum trilobum, carnosissimum, 4 cm. longum 
hyTo'cSm gXlobosom, 22 cm. latum, bad utrinque angulatum vel 
comu obtuso, nisocbilium breve, esnlcatum , looomutuji. u ant ice gibbo- 
suin, cornubus incurvis oblongis obtaus 1 em. longi*. JP£™™n 
oblongum, truncatum, 2 cm. longum, 1 cm. latum. Lolumna incurva, 
4 cm. longa, subito et late alata.— K. A. Rolfe. 

The striking Stanhopea of which a figure is here given 
is a native of (Colombia, where it was first discovered in the 
province of Antioquia and whence it was first imported by 
Mr. F. Claes, in whose establishment at Etterbeek, Brussels, 
it flowered in September, 1909. The plant from which the 
material for our illustration was obtained is one that was pre- 
sented to the Kew collection by Messrs Charlesworth & Co 
Haywards Heath, in 1911. It flowered at Kew m Octobe 
1911, and again in October, 1912. It has thrive* .well 
under the conditions suitable for other members oi the genus 
which is fairly extensively represented in the eo lotions of 
orchid-growers in this country. These condition, . md« a 
plentiful supply of water when the plants are ^growth 
absolute drought for about three months whlle *X JL g 
rest, and a position in an intermediate house near the g ass. 
S. convoluta is, as Mr. Rolfe points out, most ^* 11 ^ 
to S. tricornis, Lindl., but it has larger flowers, and there are 
differences, which he has detailed, m the structure ot 
the lip. 

August, 1 ( J13. 

Description.—//^, epiphytic. Pseudobulbs ovoid or 
ovoid-oblong, obscurely 5-angled, about 2 in. long. Leaves 
petioled, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, shortly abruptly acu- 
minate, 5-7-nerved, 12-14 in. long, 3J-5J in. wide; petiole 
about 3 in. long. Scapes short, 2-flowered, clothed with 
ovate, imbricate sheaths ; bracts spathaceous, elliptic-oblong, 
subacute, convolute, 2{ in. long ; pedicels nearly 3 in. long. 
Sepals somewhat spreading, elliptic-oblong, concave, re- 
curved and subacute at the tip, 2|-2§ in. long, 1^-1 1 in. 
wide. Petals connivent, enveloping the column, ovate,' 
concave, subacute, 2 in. long, 1± in. wide. Labellum 
3-lobed, very fleshy, 11 in. long; hypochile subglobose, 
over f in. wide, angled at the base, or with a blunt horn on 
both sides; mesochile short, not channelled, 2-horned, 
gibbous in front, the horns incurved, oblong, obtuse, over 
i m. long ; epichile oblong, truncate, § in. long, over I in. 
wide. s 

*W-' V/J P; ?' C °i Umn; . 3 c * aT \ th er- ca P; 4, pollinarium; 5, sketch of an entire 
plant —all enlarged except 5, which is much reduced. 


'■ U.Fitckttli 

Vinc«nt Br- oka D ay &SonXt?inp. 

X, Reeve <ScC? London 

Tab. 80O8. 
CENTAUREA crassifolia. 


Compositae. Tribe Cynaboideae. 
Centaurea, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 477. 

Centaurea crassifolia, Bertol. in Ann. Star. Nat. vol. ii. p. 359; Fl. Ital. 
vol. ix. p. 428; DC. Prodr. vol. vi. p. 601; species foliis carnosis involucri 
bracteis inappendiculatis valde distincta. 

Suffru'ex usque ad 50 cm. aba, parce ramosa; canlis dense foliutus, teres, 
glaber. Folia elongato-spathula'a, apice rotnndata, breviter mucronata, 
basi longe atfenuata, 6-9 cm. longa, 0-75-2-5 cm. lata, inte^r.t, atma, 
glabra, nervis latera'ibus utrinque 3-4 asccndentibus di.stinctis. Ca/ntu/a 
in ramis elongatis 3-4-natis disposita, circiter 4'5 cm. expansa; pedunculi 
elongati, usque ad 35 cm. longi, parce bracteati, longitudinaliter sulcati, 
circiter 2 mm. diametro, apicem versus leviter incrassati et angulati, 
glabri; bracteae lineares, subfoliaceae. Involucrum ellipsoideo-globosum, 
apice constrictum, 2 cm. longum, medio 2 cm. latum. Involucri bradme 
6-7-seriatae, apicem versus gradatim longiores, obtusae, exteriores 
ovato-lanceolatae, circiter 3 mm. longae, 2 mm. Ia^ae, rigide cor;aceaf\ 
glabrae; interiores lineares, fere 2 cm. longae, 2 5 mm, latae, quam 
interiores tenuiores. Recepticulum den^e setosum. setis albescentilms 
circiter 1 cm. longis glabr's. Flores nnmerosi, pnrpurei rosei vel albi 
(Houy). Corollae tubus leviter arcuatus, gracilis. 1-5 cm. longus, superne 
gradatim expansus, glaber; lobi lineares, obtusi, 7-8 mm. longi. Antl^rae 
8 mm. longae; filamenta pubernla. Pappus biseriatns; setae exteriores 
bieves, 1-5-3 mm. longae, barbellatae, interiores usque ad 7 mm. longae, 
etiam minute barbellat ie. Achaenia oblonga, 3 mm. lonsa, glabra. Stylos 
longe exsertus.— Centaureu nitida, Nald. ex Bertol. Fl. Ital. vol. ix. p. 428- 
6". spnthulata, Zerafa Fl. Melit. vol. i. p. 11, nori Ten. Sermt'tla spathu'ata, 
Jai.ka ex Eony 111. PI. Europ. Ear. p. 5, t. xiv. ; Eev. Bot. Syst. 145, t. 4.— 
J. Hutchinson. 

The attractive Composite here figured is endemic in 
Malta, where, according to Rouy, it is met with mainly in 
the central portion of the island, more especially in the 
gorges of Wied-Baba near Zurrico and of Wied-Mokbel. 
For its introduction to collections in this country we are 
indebted to Professor Gr. Henslow, who sent a plant from 
Malta to the Cambridge Botanic Garden in 1894. When at 
a later date the Cambridge plant was lost, it was replaced 
by one from the garden of the late Sir Thomas Hanbnry at 
La Mortola. From this plant came the material, sent by 
Mr. Lynch at the request of Professor Henslow, from which 
our drawing has been prepared. At Cambridge, Mr. Lynch 
August, 1913. 

informs us, it has thriven well in the Succulent house under 
conditions suitable _ for species of Sempervimm and similar 
plants. It is not difficult to grow, and in sandy loam in not 
too large a pot it will flourish for several years. Owing, 
however, to the liability of old plants to die it is desirable to 
keep a second and younger specimen in reserve. It is 
readily propagated by means of cuttings. The fleshy leaves 
and the absence of appendages to the involucrai bracts 
render this species a distinct and well-marked one. But 
while there is no question as to this, its generic position has 
been disputed; some authorities, among them Mr. Rouy, 
regard it as a Serratula ; others, whom we prefer to follow, 
accept the view of Professor Bertolini and treat it as a 

Description— Undershrub up to 2 ft. high, sparingly 
branched, stem densely leafy, round, glabrous. Leaves long- 
spathulate, obtuse, much narrowed to the base, 2£-3 £ in. 
lon g> Jr-1 in - wide, entire, thick, glabrous; lateral nerves 
3-4 on each side, ascending, distinct. Heads 3-4-nate, 
nearly 2 in. wide when open, on long branches; peduncles 
elongated up to 14 in. long, sparingly bracteate, longi- 
tudinally channelled, about | in. thick, slightly swollen and 
angled towards the top, glabrous ; bractslinear, somewhat 
leary. < Involucre ellipsoid-globose, narrowed at the tip, § in. 
long, in the middle § in. across. Involucrai bracts 6-7- 
senate, gradually increasing in length upwards, blunt, the 
outermost ovate-lanceolate, about 1| Kn. long, 1 lin. wide, 
nrmly coriaceous, glabrous, the innermost more membranous, 
Imear nearly f in. long, over 1 lin. wide. Receptacle 
densely setose; setae whitish, about J in. long, glabrous. 
flowers purple, rarely rosy or white. Corolla-tube slightly 
curved, slender, nearly } in. long, slightly widened upwards, 
glabrous; lobes linear, obtuse, nearly J in. long. Anthers 
3 m. long, filaments puberulous. Pappus 2-seriate; outer 
setae short, J- in. long, inner larger, over £ in. long, all more 
or Jess barbel late. Achenes oblong, I in. long, glabrous. 
btyle far exserted. ° 

4 rntw;-TL iL reCGpta r. C ^ showin S setae; % flower; 3, pappus setae; 
% antners , o, style-arms ; 6, base of style -.-all enlarged. 



\\ ^0 


L.Reeve & CV Landc 

Tab. 8509. 

cytisus supranubtfs. 


Leguminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Cytisus, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 484. 

Cytisus supranubius, 0. Kuntze Rev. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 177; Briquet, 
Gytises Alpes Marit. p. 152 ; Ascherson et Graebner, Syn. Sfittd-anrop, /'/. 
vol. vi. 2, p. 299; species insignis ab affini C.Jilipede, Webb, calyce parum 
longiore, carina magis recurva distinguenda. 

Frutex ramis satis robustis erectis striatis primo pilis albis adprespis laxe tectis 
mnx glabris. Folia trifoliolata, petiolo usque ad 4 mm. longo suffulta; 
foliola ex lineari-lanceolata ad angnste oblanceolata, apice acuta vel obtusa, 
basi cuneata, petiolo plerumquesubaequilonpa, pagina utraque pubepcentia. 
Ffores laterales, breviter pedicellati, pedicellis calyceque ndpresso hirhutis. 
Galyx sub-bilabiatus, tubuloso-campannlatus, supra gibbus ; tubus 3 mm. 
longus; labium snperius e dentibus duobus brevibus deltoideis acutis, 
inferius subpom ctum, e dentibus tribus acutis mediano - 75 mm. longo 
lateralibus longiore constitutum. Corolla glabra; vexillum oblonjjo- 
obovatum, apice retusum, basi auriculatum, 1 cm. longum, 0'5 cm. latum, 
ungui 3 mm. longo suffultum; alae circiter 9 mm. longae et 3-5 mm.Jatae, 
ungui 3-75 mm. longo adjecto; carina obtusa, basi auriculata, 6 5 mm. 
longa, 2-5 mm. lata, ungui 4 mm. longo suffulta. Stamina monadelpha. 
Ovarium lineare, complanatum, basi attenuatnm, glabrum, multi-ovulu- 
tnm ; stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato papillate Legumen compressum, 
plerumque circiter 2-8 cm. longum et 5 mm. latum, fuscum. Semma 
nigra, subovata, 3-5 mm. longa, arillo crassiuPculo pa'hdiore margine 
crenulato.— Spnrtium supranubium, Linn. f. Suppl. PL byst. p. KW. 
Genista supranubia, Spach. in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 3, vol. IlL p. 10& 
Spartocytisus supranubius, Christ; Schenck, Beitr. z. Kenntm d. A l g . d. 
Canar. Inseln. p. 386. Spartium nubigenum, L Hent. btirp. £ov. p. J.»; 
Ait. Hort. Kevf. ed. i. vol. iii. p. 13. Cytisus nubigenus Lmk. Eiium.Hort. 
vol. ii. p. 240. Genista nubigena, Link, in Buch Phys. Beechr Canar. 
Ins. p. 156. Spartocvtisus nubigenus, Webb m Webb et Berth. Phyt. 
Canar vol. ii. p. 50 ; Pitard et Proust, Les Isles Canar. Fl. p. 158. Qftmm 
fragrant, Lamk. Encycl. Meth. vol. ii. p. 248. Genista fragrans, Spac in 
Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 3, vol. iii. p. 155. Nubigena tenert/a, Eafin. hylv. tellur. 
p. 25.— W. G. Craib. 

The subject of our illustration, which is an endemic 
species in the Canaries, is, according to Dr. Schenck, the 
most characteristic plant of the Alpine region ofTenerine, 
where it is abundant between 6,000 and 9,000 feet above 
sea-level, and is to be met occasionally even at 10 000 feet. 
Here it forms a compact globular bushy shrub about nve 
feet in height, and nearly as much across. Dr. Christ, 
in consequence of its peculiarly characteristic nature, speaks 
of it as the " Alpenrose," or the " Krummholz ot the 1 eak. 
August, 1913. 

As the synonymy cited above indicates, there has been 
considerable diversity of view as regards the generic 
position of this plant, though it seems clear that there is no 
justification for either of the two rival views which have 
found most favour, and that the species cannot be considered 
a Sparlium or a Genista. There is more to be said in favour 
of the view that this endemic species represents a distinct 
generic type, but although in habit it is more suggestive 
of a Betama, Mr. Craib considers that, in the present state 
of our knowledge, it is preferable to follow Dr. Briquet and 
retain the plant in the genus Cytisus. The material from 
which our figure has been prepared was sent by Sir F. 
Moore from the Royal Botanic Garden, Glasnevin, where it 
is grown against a wall. Like other Brooms, that of the 
Peak of TenerifFe is a lover of the sun, and though not 
hardy m the open ground in most parts of this country, 
might well succeed on a sunny wall. At Glasnevin it 
flowers in May, and is very striking in its long wands of 
creamy white blossom. It should be propagated by seeds. 

Description.— Shrub, branches rather stout, erect, striate, 
at first loosely clothed with white hairs, soon glabrous. 
Leaves 3-foholate, with petioles J- in. long ; leaflets linear- 
lanceolate to narrow-oblanceolate, acute or obtuse, cuneate 
at the base, usually about as long as the petiole, pubescent 
on both surfaces. Flowers lateral, shortly pedicelled, 
pedicels adpressed hairy. Calyx almost 2-lipped, tubular- 
campanulate, gibbous above, adpressed-hairy ; tube I in. 
ong ; upper lip with 2 short, acute, deltoid teeth ; lower 
ip somewhat spreading, 3-toothed, the central tooth the 
longest Corolla glabrous ; standard oblong-obovate, retuse, 
auncled below, J in. long, J in. wide, claw I in. long ; 
wing-petals im. long,! in. wide, claw ^ in. long; keel blunt, 
auncled below, 1 in. long, T V in. wide, claw l in. long. 
Stamem jmonadelphous. Ovary linear, flattened,' narrowed 
to the base, glabrous, many-ovuled ; style filiform ; stigma 
capitate, papillose. Pod compressed, usually over 1 in. 
ong, 3. m wide, brown. Seeds black, almost ovate, i in. 
long ; anllus rather thick and pale, its margin crenulate. 



ShiV fl0Wer ,' -3 efals T T oxed ' 2 > milium; 3, wing-petal; 4, keel; 

ffi'S^ri.^ Part 0f a fruitin « b ™^h; 8 ami », set.1:- 
eniargetl except 7 and 8, which are of natural size. 




L Reeve &.C? London 

Tab. 8510. 
GREVILLEA bipwxatifida. 

West Australia. 

Proteaceae. Tribe Gbevilleeae. 
Gbevillea, R. Br.; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 180. 

Grevillea bipinnatiflda, B. Br. Prot. Nov. p. 23; Metsn. m PI TWs. vol. i. 
p. 541, et in DO. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 376 ; Benth. FL Antral, vol. v. p. 43 J ; 
species foliis bipinnatifidis racemis secundis laxisfloribus magnisdistmcta. 

Frutex diffusus vel prostratus, circiter 1 m. altus ; rami subflexuosi, costati, 
appresse tomentosi vel fere glabri, internodi plerumque 3-4 cm longi. 
Folia bipinnatiflda, petiolata, 7-15 cm. longa (petiolo incluso) 9-12 cm 
lata, viridia, supra glabra, reticulata, infra parce pilosa vel glabra , lobi 
utrinque 5-10, pinnatilobi vel rarius grosse denteti, lobis T^°- tn ^' 
laribus abrupte longe spinoso-acuminatis margine cartilagjneis petioli 
usque ad 5 cm. longi, anguste alati Bacerm sohtani vel ptes 
panicnlo terminali dispositi, secundi ad 15 cm long,; r "^ be8 2 
veltomentosa; pedicelli mox reflexi, 6-10 mm. longi .politer Pjjj^g 
vel tomentosi! Perianthium rnbrum, extra moll.ter P^mis, mt» 
glabrum; tubus 7-1 "2 cm. longus, infra medium *^™.f™{L 
libbosus sub limbo attenuate et revolutus; hmbus late ovatus ap ce 
mucronatus, inflexus. Antherae 15 mm. longae. «^«^temjer« 
oblonga, carnosa, glabra. Ovarium sessde obhquum, toenteum stylus 
longe exsertus, 3^-5 cm. longus, breviter pubescens; discus stigma- 
ticus late obliquus— J. Hutchinson. 

The Grevillea now figured, G. bipinnatiflda R. Br., , is a 
native of rocky localities in the neighbourhood ot the bwan 
River in Western Australia, and among the many species 
of the genus in cultivation in Europe it is one of the .most 
ornamental, not only on account of the .beauty of its flower 
but also because of the charm of its foliage. The species is 
perhaps most closely related to ^^tT^J^ 
and to P G. acanthifolia, A. Cunn., both of which are natives 
of and endemic to New South Wales and therefore geogra- 
phically widely ^^J^^l^^^ d t^ 
eastern species is so attractive as cr. ww v 
material for our plate has been derived from a plant 
which was raised from seed received a Kew in 1909 from 
the Adelaide Botanic Garden. This plant is ™W a shrub 
some three feet high and leafy to the base. The Inst 
flowers appeared in December, 1912. 

August, 1913. 

^ Description. — Shrub, spreading or prostrate, about 3 ft. 
high ; branches somewhat flexuous, costate, adpressed hairy 
or nearly glabrous. Leaves 2-pinnatifid, petioled, usually 
l|-li in - apart, including the petiole 3-6 in. long, 3|-5 in. 
wide, green, glabrous above, reticulate, sparingly pilose or 
glabrous underneath ; lobes 5-10 on each side, pinnately 
tabulate or occasionally coarsely toothed; lobes ovate- 
triangular, abruptly spinosely acuminate with cartilaginous 
edges ; petiole up to 2 in. long, narrowly winged. Racemes 
solitary or_ several together in a terminal panicle, secund, 
up to 6 in. in length, rachis pubescent or tomentose ; 
pedicels soon reflexed, 3-5 lin. long, softly pubescent or 
tomentose. Perianth red, softly pubescent outside, glabrous 
within ; tube |-| in. long, enlarged and somewhat gibbous 
below the middle, narrowed and revolute under the limb ; 
limb wide-pvate, mucronate at the tip, inflexed. Anthers 
under 1 lin. long. Gland transversely oblong, fleshv, 
glabrous. Ovary sessile, oblique, tomentose; style far 
exserted, IJ-lf in. long, shortly pubescent ; stigmatic disk 
widely oblique. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, limb with stamen; 3, ovary :— all enlarged. 



Tmoeni, Br ooV^D^ &SanL.t^3Dip 

"LIReeve &. C 9 London. 

Tab. 8511. 


Congo and Angola. 

Labiatab. Tribe Ocimoideae. 
S OLEN08TEMON, Schum. & Thonn. ; Benth. et Eooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1175. 

Solenostemon Godefroyae, N. E. Brown, species S. ocymoidi, Schum. & 
Thonn., affinis sed foliis minoribus et obtusioribus, calyce multo minore et 
corolla duplo majore conspicue differt. 

Htrba ad 60 cm. alta, ramosa, ramis quadrangularibus minute puberulis 
viridibus. Folia oppo-ita, utrinque minute puberula, viridia, subtus 
pallidiora; petiolus 1*9-8 cm. longus; lamina 2-4 cm. longa, 2^-5 cm. 
lata, latissime ovata vel deltoideo-ovata, basi truncata vel cuneato-truncata, 
leviter crenata, venis supra impressis subtus prominent! bus. Racemi 
terminales spiciformes, 15-20 cm. longi ; verticilli subdistantes. Bracteae 
3-5 mm. longae, abrupte reflexae, deciduae, integrae et ovatae, canaliculati- 
acuminatae vel inferiores trilobae, lobis lateralibus dentatis. Pedicelh 
2 mm. longi, minutissime puberuli. Calyx subaequaliter bilabiatus cum 
dentibus duobus minutis interjectis, minutissime puberulus, viridis; 
labium superius reflexum, ovatum, subacutum, labium infenus porrectum, 
oblongum. minute emarginatum; dentes laterales 0*5 mm. longi, acuti. 
Corolla 1 cm. longa, coerulea ; pars tubi basalis abrupte sursum curvata, 
pars superior abrupte deflexa, compresso-dilatata ; labium superius 1 "5 mm. 
longum, subtruncatum, 4-crenatum ; labium infenus 5 mm. longum, 
3-5 mm. profundum, lateraliter compressum, sur-obtusum. btamma 
5 mm. longa, filamenta in vaginam 2 mm. longam connata albida; 
antherae vioiaceae. Stylus staminibus lonsior.— CWeas Godefroyae, 
Godefroy-Lebeuf, Cat. PL Nouv. 1903, p. 2, cum icon.— N. E. Beown. 

The pleasing stove plant which is here figured belongs 
to the Labiate genus Solenostemon, which is very closely 
allied both to Plectranthus and to Coleus, but is readily 
distinguished from these two genera by its subequally two- 
lipped calyx, the upper lip being entire, the lower minutely 
notched at the tip. Of the seven species known to belong to 
the genus, S. Godefroyae is the first to find a place m cultivated 
collations. First discovered by Mr. and Mrs Monteiro 
in 1873, about fifteen miles from Ambriz m Angola, it 
was in the "Flora of Tropical Africa' referred to its 
proper genus, but was not distinguished from ,!>. ocymoides 
Schum. & Thonn. Thirty years later it was rediscovered 
in the Congo State by Mr. Godefroy-Lebeuf, and was 
treated by him in his Catalogue as a distinct species, 
though unfortunately Mr. Godefroy-Lebeuf, who at the 

August, 1913. 

same time supplied a figure of the plant, placed it in the 
genus Coleus. A plant in flower was sent to Kew in 
November, 1903, by Messrs. Sander & Sons, St. Albans, and 
in 1911 another plant was supplied to Kew by the Jardin 
Colonial, Laeken. From the last mentioned plant, which 
has thriven well when grown in an intermediate tempera- 
ture along with Begonias, where it forms a shrub two feet 
high which flowers freely throughout the winter, was 
derived the material on which our figure has been based. 

Description.—//^, up to 2 ft. high, branched ; branches 
4-angled, finely puberulous, green. Leaves opposite, finely 
puberulous on both sides, green, rather paler beneath, 
4 U ln - J ong, f-lf in. wide, very wide ovate or deltoid 
ovate, base truncate or cuneate-truncate, slightly crenate ; 
nerves sunk above, raised beneath ; petiole A-U in. loner. 
Uacemes terminal, spiciform, 6-8 in. long ; whorls some- 
what separated ; bracts 1J-2J lin. long; abruptly reflexed, 
aeciduous, entire, ovate, ehannelled-acuminate or the lowest 
d-lobed with toothed lateral lobes ; pedicels 1 lin. W very 
nnely puberulous. Calyx subequally 2-labiate with 2 very 
minute intercalary teeth, very finely puberulous, green; 
upper lip reflexed, ovate, subacute, lower lip straight, oblong, 
tmely emargmate lateral teeth very short, acute. Corolla 
3 m. long, blue ; basal portion of the tube abruptly upcurved, 
upper portion abruptly deflexed, flattened-dilated ; upper 
lip very short, subtruncate, crenately 4-toothed ; lower lip 
b?nlf cf nearl J l 2 1 hn - deep, compressed sideways, nearly 
sWh 1 v n T 2 * lm \ lon 2' nlaments whi te, united in a 
stamens n ' long; anther violet - Style longer than the 

^d^M^^L^^l^ a ?™»; 3, calyx with pistil and gland; 
ail entered WOt hp removcd to sho » tbe stamens ; 5 aud 6, anthers :- 



L Reeve &.C? Lojidon 

Tab. 8512. 

AGATHIS vitiensis. 

Fiji Islands. 

Coniferae. Tribe Aeaucaeieae. 
AaATHis, Salisbury; Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 436. 

Agathis vitiensis, Benth. et Hook.f. ex Drake, 111. Fl. Ins. Mar. Pari/. (1892) 
p. 353, nomen; Masters, Handl. Conif. Roy. Gard. Kew, p. 61 (1896); 
ed. ii. p. 67 (1903); Warburg, Monsun/a, p. 186(1900); affinis A. macro- 
stachyae, Warburg, sed ramis dabris, amentis masculis minoribus, strobilis 
majoribus et seminum alis differt. 

Arbor excelsa, resiniflua. Rami laeves, subquadrangulares. Folia opposita 
vel subopposita, lanceolata, apice acuta vel obtiisiuscula, basi attenuata, 
9-12-5 cm. longa, 2-3*5 cm. lata, supra viridia, subtus pallidiora interdum 
pruinosa, sessilia, striata, corincea. Amenta mascula extra-axillaria, cylin- 
drica, 3 cm. longa, 1*6 cm. lata, apice obtusa, biisi rotundata, perulata ; 
pedunculi 7-8 mm. longi, cum axe confluentes; filamenta 3 mm. longa, 
borizontalia, in connectivum cuneatum producta; antberaruni loculi 7, 
cylindrici, connectivi basi penduli, filamento paralleli et aequilongi. 
Strobi/i globosi, 8 '5 cm. longi, 9- 5 cm. diametro; squamae lignosae, dense 
imbricatae, circiter 5 cm. latae, 4 cm. altae, apice crassiores, rbombiformes, 
ab axi solutae. Semina solitaria, integumento membranaceo utrinque in 
alam producto; ala altera parva, angusta, altera magna, cultriformis.— 
ftimmara vitietisis. Seem, in Bonplandia, vol. ix. (1861), p. 259, nomen, et 
Fl. Vitiensis, p. 265, t. 76 (1865). D. lomjifolia, Lindl. ex Gord. Pmet., 
Suppl. p. 28 (1862).- J. J. Clark. 

The Dammar which forms the subject of our illustration 
is endemic in mixed forest in the Fiji Archipelago, where it 
is known as the Dakua, and is abundant in the islands of 
Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, though it also occurs, but less 
plentifully, in the Islands of Ovalau and Kaduvu. From 
Ovalau some particularly fine individuals have been re- 
ported ; one of these had a diameter of five feet ; others had 
attained a height of from eighty to a hundred feet, with 
sixty feet of clean stem. The bark in A. vitiensis peels off 
like that of the Australian gum-trees, the shreds being 
whitish outside, red on the inner surface. The wood, which 
serves much the same uses as deal, is employed by the Fijians 
for house-floors, and for masts, booms and spars. Unfamili- 
ar ity with its value has led to neglect as an article of com- 
merce of the gum which the tree exudes. In the interior ot 
the larger islands, however, this gum, made into pastilles or 

September, 1913. 

ribbon-like strips surrounded by pieces of wood, has been 
used for burning in place of the cocoa-nut oil employed in 
the smaller islands. This gum, known as Makadre, burns 
better after it has been kept for a time. From the smoke 
a pigment used by the natives for personal adornment is 
obtained. The material for our figure has been supplied 
by a plant raised at Kew from seeds presented in 1881 by 
Sir J. B. Thurston, then Governor of Fiji. This plant was 
grown in the tropical Palm House until 1897 when it was 
transferred to the newly constructed Mexican House. Here 
it has thriven well and is now a tree twenty-five feet in 
height. The female cone depicted was developed in 1911 ; 
male catkins had, however, been borne in previous years. 

Description.— Tree, tall, resiniferous ; branches smooth, 
4-angled. Leaves opposite or subopposite, lanceolate, acute 
or bluntish, narrowed at the base, 3J-5 in. long, §-l£ in. 
wide, green above, paler and sometimes pruinose beneath, 
sessile, striate, coriaceous. Catkins extra-axillary, cylindric, 
l\ in. long, } j n> w j ( | ej n ] untj Dase roun( 3ed, perulate ; 
peduncles i in. long, confluent with the axis; filaments 
} g in. long, horizontal, prolonged into a cuneate connective ; 
anther-cells 7, cylindric, pendulous from the base of the 
connective, parallel with and as long as the filament. 
Cones globose, 3| in. long, 3J in. wide; scales woody, 
closely imbricate, about 2 in. across, If in. deep, rather 
thickened at the apex, rhombiform, detaching from the 
axis. ^Seeds solitary, with a membranous coat produced on 
each side as a wing, on one side small and narrow, on the 
other large and broad. 

Figs. 1 and 2, male flowers; 3, two scales with seeds ; 4, a seed i—all enlarged. 


Tab. 8513. 
rosa foliolosa. 

North America. 

ROSA, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 

Rosa (Carolinae) foliolosa, Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray, Fl. N. Amer. vol. i. p. 400; 
8. Wats, in Proc. Amer. Acad. vol. xx. p. 349 ; Gard. <fe For. 1890, pp. 100, 
101, fig. 22; affinis R. nitidae, Willd., ramulis laevibus vel sublacvibus, 
stipulis et foliolis elougatis et angustis, sepalisque elongatis et minus 
hispidis differt. 

Fruticulus nanus, circiter 0*25-0 "5 m. alti. Hamuli laeves vel aculeis paucis 
rectis gracilibus armati, glabri. Folia sparsa, 5-7 cm. longa, 7-9-foliolata ; 
rhachis sparse pilosa, foliola breviter petiolulata, lanceolate vel lineari- 
oblonga, acuta, serrulate, supra glabra, subtus sparse pubcscentia, 2-5 
cm. longa, 0-6-1-3 cm. lata; stipulae adnatae, lineares vel angustissime 
oblongae, acutae vel breviter acuminatae, minute glanduloso-ciliatae, 
2-2-5 cm. longae. Flores speciosi, coccineo-rosei, 5-5'5 cm. diametro, in 
ramulorum brevium apicibus pauci vel solitarii, pedunculi 1-1 -5 cm. longi, 
glanduloso-setulosi. Beceptaculum globosum, glanduloso-setulosum, 5 mm. 
longum. Calycis lobi oblongo-lanceolati, longissime acuminati, glanduloso- 
setulusi, 2-2 -'5 cm. longi, paten tes vel subreflexi. Petala lata, obcordata. 
Filamenta glabra, 4-5 mm. longa, antheris aureis. Fructus globosus, 
glanduloso-setulosus, 8-10 mm. longus. Achaenia stylisque villosa.— 
E. A. Rolfe. 

The Rose here figured, which is one of the most distinct 
of the American species, has been described as the South- 
western Prairie Rose owing to its being apparently re- 
stricted to the prairie region of Arkansas, northern and 
central Texas and the Indian territory. It is well charac- 
terised by its very dwarf habit, its running rootstocks and 
its fragrant carmine blossoms. It was originally discovered 
by Nuttall during his Arkansas visit in 1818-20, but was 
wot published by Torrey & Gray until twenty years later, 
and after it had been met with in Texas by Berlandier, 
Drummond and others. The garden history of B. foliolosa 
is somewhat obscure. It was, according to a manuscript list 
of the trees and shrubs in cultivation at Kew prepared in 
1880 by Sir Joseph Hooker, already in the Kew collection 
at that date, but as late as 1890 it was still deemed a rare 
plant at Harvard, Massachusetts. The material for our 
illustration has been obtained from a plant in the garden ot 
Canon Ellacombe at Bitton, where it was in flower as late 
Seftembeb, 1913. 

as the end of August, 1912. As a garden rose R. foliolosa 
is charming in the bright colouring of its petals and in its 
dwarf stature. Owing to its habit of spreading by under- 
ground suckers it is easily increased by division. In rich 
deep loam, such as it experiences in the Bitton garden, this 
species succeeds admirably. 

Description. — Shrub of dwarf habit, 1-1 J ft. high; 
twigs smooth or armed with a few straight slender prickles, 
glabrous. Leaves scattered, 2-3 in. long; rachis sparingly 
pilose; leaflets 7-9, shortly petiolulate, lanceolate or linear- 
oblong, acute, serrulate, glabrous above, sparingly pubescent 
beneath, f-2 in. long, J-J in. wide, stipules adnate, linear 
or very narrowly oblong, acute or shortly acuminate, finely 
glandular-ciliate, f-1 in. long. Flowers showy, cardinal- 
red, 2-2J in. across, few or solitary at the tips of short 
twigs; peduncles ^-£ in. long, glandular-setulose. Re- 
ceptacle globose, glandular-setulose, £ in. long. Calyx-lobes 
oblong-lanceolate, glandular-setulose, f-1 in. long, spreading 
or somewhat reflexed. Petals broadly obcordate. Fila- 
ments glabrous, \-\ in. long; anthers golden yellow. 
Fruit globose, glandular-setulose, over J in. long. Achenes 
and styles villous. 

Fig. 1, portion of a leaf, showing the base of the leaflets and the free portion 
of the glandular sbpules; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, achene with style :— all enlarged. 



r.Beerv» &. C? London. 

Tab. 8514. 
CATASETUM mickoglossum. 


Catasetum, Kunth; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 551. 

Catasetum (Mvanthus) microglossum, Holfe; species nova a 0. SwJaJJ. 
Lindl., labello parvo et cristae filamentis erectis et dense aggregatis differt. 

Ihrba epiphytica. /'seudobulbi fusiformi-oblongi, apice 5-6-foliati, 8-10 cm. 
longi. Folia elliptico-oblonga, acuta vel abrnpte acuminata plicate, 
20-27 cm. longa, 4-5-6-5 cm. lata. Scapi subbas-.les, elati arcuati yagims 
spathaceo-oblongis obtecti, 60-65 cm. alti ; racemi laxi, multiflon. facteae 
lanceolato-oblongae, acutae, 1-1-3 cm. longae. Pedicel! i graciles, IWO 
cm. longi. Mores mediocres, sordide purpura, labello flavo Sepalum 
posticum erectum, oblongo-lanceolatum, aoutum, convexum, *'f*'*J™' 
longum ; sepala lateralia patentia, oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, va de concava 
2 • 3-2 • 5 cm longa. Petala erecta, oblongo-lanceolata acuta plana, sep.ilo 
postico subaequalia. Labellum parvum, reflexum 7-8 m ™: *°f a um ! ™ m " 
integrum, basi saccatum, facie crebre cristate. Columna cla ate, 17 . m. 
longa, rostrate; antennae 7 mm. longae, mcurvae, paullo divergentes. 
E. A. Bolfe. _____ 

The interesting Catasetum now figured was presented to 
the Kew Collection by Mr. W. Fox, by whom it had been 
found in November, 1911, growing on a dead stump near an 
Indian house on the River Igaraparana, a tributary of the 
River Putumayo in Peru. It has been grown in a tropical 
house under the treatment suitable for other members of 
the genus and has thriven well. It flowered for the first 
time in March, 1913. Owing to the numerous filiform 
appendages on the labellum, C. microglossmn may be 
regarded as an ally of C. barbatum, Lindl a species figured 
at t. 3514 of this work under the name Myanthus barbatum 
It differs, however, from C. barbatum and from all the other 
members of the same group in having a greatly abbreviated 
and saccate lip with, as a consequence the aggregation of 
the appendages in a dense mass. The tips of ^ sen^ive 
antennae are partially embedded among the filaments of 
the lip. 

Description.-//^, epiphytic; pseudobulbs fusiform- 
oblong, 3-4 in. long, crowned by 5-6 \wes Leaves 
elliptic-oblong, acute or suddenly acuminate, plicate, 8-11 

Seitembeb, 1913. 

in. Ion"-, lf-2^ in. wide. Scapes subbasal, tall, arcuate, 
covered with oblong-spathaceous sheaths, about 2 ft. long, 
subtending lax many-flowered racemes; bracts lanceolate- 
oblong, acute, about ^ in. long ; pedicels slender, 1-1J in. 
long. Flowers medium-sized, dull purple with a yellow 
lip. Sepals up to 1 in. long; posterior erect, oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, convex ; lateral spreading, oblong-lanceo- 
late, acute, deeply concave. Petals erect, oblong-lanceolate, 
acute, flat, about as long as the posterior sepal. Labellum 
small, reflexed, | in. long, subentire, saccate at the base, 
closely crested on the upper side. Column clavate, % in. 
long, beaked; antennae J-tJ in. long, incurved, slightly 

Fig. 1, lip and column; 2, section of lip; 3, column; 4, pollinarium; 
5, sketch of an entire plant : — all enlarged except 5, which is much reduced. 



Z 7 

Vincent Brooks Day &Sa7iXt d J^P- 

L Reeve & C u London.. 

Tab. 8515. 
iris mellita. 

Thrace and Asia Minor. 

Iridacbae. Tribe IbideaB. 
Iris, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 686. 

Iris mellita, Janka in Magyar Tad. Akad. Math Termesz. vol. xn. (1874) 
p. 172, e in Tennesz. Fusetek, vol. i. (1887) p. 243 (p. 2 seors }fV™^\ 
Bak. in Gard. Chron. 1876, vol. vi. p. 709, et fa Havdb. Irul p. 30 
Velenovsky, Ft. Bulg.p. 533; >*«, The genus Ins, p. 149; species affi s 
I. Reichenbachii, Heul.aqna differt spathis perdm ™^^ * Te Zfc^ 
perigonii tubum exponentibus magis acuminata, pengomi tubo longiore. 

Ilnha rhizomate digitis crassitudme vel mhow . ™J^J£fl** 
enrata. magis minusve falcate, sub anthem ad 6 ^W*"*^!?; 
lata, demum elongate, viridia, laevia nervis P^^^^^ 111 ^. 
circiter 6. Caulis brevissiinus vel elongatus, ad Jf m. attagras I d- 
fnlerumoiie 2-1florus Spathae herbaceae, perdm vmdes, ohlor.go- 
JnceoS! Slnatae, aubtumidae, carinatae, gg]***^ 
tubum exponent^ majores ultra 6 cm. longae. Behcet Im , brevi *ta Oft 
Berigonii tubus virescens, superne rubro-maculatus 4- 15 cm. ton n* 
rarius longior, spathas superan*; segmen a extenora , hmbo deflexo tubo 
appresso obovato-oblougo subemargmato **\Z±}SlJE23& 
AS purpureo jel lutec > venis basm WgSSft^E 
SSSSSS £S?o£ eit&,nga^itc, in gg-jg; 
macu]atumcontracte,lamin»5-5-6cm. longa ;^ f n ^ a la ^ '[ f u „ d ^^ 
vel lutea, basin versus rubro-maculate et ^ff?>™^ oZrilm 
Stamina filamentis albis, anther* a bidu ^^^^teobtongi, 
cylindricum, apice attenuatum 1 cm longym ; s yh »im anpnrte owe g, 
2-2-5 cm. longi, pallidi, cristae lobis dentatw oW qu e tateo* *< - ^ / 
trigona, 10-11 cm. longa 8m** ^^1SKWffi?fi 
HE=& S5Br5BStft&.tt 1899, p. 363; D yk e 8 iu Gard. 
Chron. 1909, vol. xlv. P- 391.-0. Stait. 

The charming Iris which forms the » b J ert .°f f™d to' the 
tion is one for the material of which we are indebted to the 
Hon. Mr. N. 0. Rothschild, who has also presented 1 the plan 
itself to the Kow Collection. It was obtained m*ejbrt 
instance, so Mr. Rothschild inform, nn, from Merann » 
Cilicia. In referring this Iris to /• ^ '*^"JS £ 
served that Or. Stapf applies the .mm *»»•-*£*£ 
Professor Janka to a plant from Thrace ,n such a way as to 
include the his from Asia Minor taW^fcMM 
I. ruhro-marginM, and at the same time yet ■"J*"!** 
which fourteen years ago was introduced by the late -Mi. 

Skitembeb, 1913. 

Max Leichtlin to European gardens, ostensibly as a native 
of Western Persia, under the name I. Straussii. In connec- 
tion with the expression of this more comprehensive view it 
may be remarked that Professor Velenovsky, whose local 
knowledge is so exhaustive, admits that /. rubro-marginata, 
Bak., and /. mellita, Janka, are identical, and that Mr. Dykes, 
in his recent authoritative review of the genus, does the 
same. The presence of a purple edging to the leaves and 
spathes, w hence I. rubro-marginata derived its name, is, as 
Mr. Dykes has pointed out, an unstable feature. Apart 
from this character the Asia Minor plant, judging from 
herbarium material, differs from the Thracian form mainly 
in having somewhat stouter rhizomes and broader leaves, 
with practically no stems. The plant here figured is, then, 
a ''rubro-marginata" without any trace of the purple 
edging. In the specimens of I. Straussii, Leichtl., as 
cultivated at Kew, we find the broad leaves of /. rubro- 
marginata but a distinct stem. The Kew plants are from 
rhizomes communicated by the late Mr. Leichtlin in 1899, 
the year in which the description of I. Straussii first 
appeared. Mr. Dykes has stated that more than one species 
has been put on the market as I . Straussii \ he even appears 
to doubt whether the I. Straussii originally issued by Mr. 
Leichtlin came from Sultanabad in Persia. As to the latter 
point it is clear that about 1898 Mr. Leichtlin did receive 
from Mr. Strauss an Iris from Sultanabad which he named 
/. Straussii in compliment to its contributor. It is also 
certain that Mr. Leichtlin distributed specimens of an Iris 
under that name, and it is certain that the description of 7. 
Straussii in the " Eevue Horticole " for 1899 exactly fits the 
plant sent to Kew under the same name in the same year. 
1 he suggestion that the confusion to which Mr. Dykes 
alludes was created by Mr. Leichtlin at the outset, is not 
borne out by the evidence at our disposal. If such a con- 
tusion arose later on, there is no trace of its existence 
among the plants sent by Mr. Leichtlin to Kew. So far as 
existing knowledge goes, these Thracian, Anatolian and 
i ersi;m plants are not more than forms of the same some- 
what variable species. Janka originally described /. mellita 
as having dull violet or purplish flowers, with a bluish-white 
beard, Velenovsky has in one passage termed them violet 
or greenish-violet ; in another " most often violet but some- 

times dull violet, rarely yellowish." The original /. rubro- 
marginata had uniformly lurid purple flowers ; the /. 
Straussii of the " Revue Horticole " had brownish and violet 
flowers. In a drawing made at Kew in 1901 of one of the 
plants of /. Straussii communicated by Mr. Leichtlin the 
flowers are brownish-violet, the standards being of a clearer 
and deeper colour ; the falls and the standards are brownish 
at the base with just the mottling shown in the yellow form 
from Mersina now figured. The veining of the claws of 
the falls and the colouring of the beard also agree, except 
that the tips of the hairs of the latter are of a deeper blue. 
The original I. mellita was first collected by Janka in 1871 
on dry grassy slopes on Tschiendem Tepe near Philippople 
in Bulgaria; it has since then been frequently met with 
throughout southern Bulgaria. The original /. rubro- 
marginata was described from specimens collected near 
Scutari by Mr. W. Barbey of Geneva, but it has since been 
sent to Europe from Smyrna. The plants at Kew received 
and grown under the name /. Straussii thrive satisfactorily 
in well-drained loamy soil in a border on the south side of 
a warm building, where they flower annually but do not 
ripen seeds. 

Description. — Herb, rootstock as thick as the index- 
finger or less. Leaves densely tufted, ensiform and more 
or less falcate, at flowering time up to 2^ in. long, over 
J in. wide, later on elongated, green, smooth, with about 
6 slender primary veins on each side. Stem very short or 
at times up to 4£ in. long, usually 2-flowered, sometimes 
1- or 3-fiowered. Spathes herbaceous, remaining green for 
a considerable time, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, somewhat 
swollen, keeled, diverging and displaying the perianth-tube ; 
the larger up to 2 J in. long. Pedicel very short. Perianth 
with a greenish tube blotched with red upwards, lj-lf in. 
long, occasionally longer and exceeding the spathes ; outer 
segments with a deflexed, obovate-oblong, slightly eraar- 
ginate limb appressed to the tube, 1 J-l J in. long, #-§ in. 
wide, lurid purple or yellow, with distinct longitudinal veins 
reddish towards the base ; beard bluish-white ; claw 1-1J 
in. long, wide cuneate, faintly red-veined ; inner segments 
erect, wide oblong, suddenly contracted into a red-blotched 
claw, blade 2|-2£ in. long, 1£ in. wide, lurid purple or 

yellow, blotched and streaked with red near the base, 
margin undulate. Stamens with white filaments rather 
shorter than the whitish anthers. Ovary cylindric, 
narrowed to the apex, f in. long; style-arms narrow- 
oblong, f-1 in. long, pale, crests with obliquely wide-ovate 
toothed lobes. Capsule 3-gonous, 4 in. long. Seeds sub- 
globose, deep reddish-brown, rugose. 

Figs. 1 and 2, stamens; 3, style-crests and stigma -.—all enlarged. 


M.S del.J.N.Fitchlith. 


L Reeve &. C °. London. 

Tab. 8516. 

UTEICULAEIA longifolia. 


UtbiculabiA, Linn.; Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 987. 

TJtricularia longifolia, Oardn. in ^^^^^^^^^ 
Prodr. vol. viii. p. 666; Benjam. tn Mart. Fl.Bras. vol x. p. 241 species 
inter affines foliis magnis loratis vel lanceolato-hnearibus basin versus 
longissime attenuatis insignia. 

Herba perennis, dense caespitosa stolonibns ' intodjm ad 11 ™£J^£* 
crassis plurimis vero rhizoidisque tenmter ^™^S°^Sl2S" 

infra bracteis paucis so* alatis s enhbus^ obsitus l£r^ ^^ 
dissiti, bracteae subulatae tenues, 5 mm. w^g . ^ 

similes, 2 mm. longae; pedicelli AWormes ad A ^cm. long j> 
aequalia, e basi lata ova ta, tenmter ^™ a ^ b SudSn «noene pur- 
mm. longa, 6-8 mm. lata. ^ Z «g3^?^iJSli. alto, infeio snb- 
pureum, labio supero late °J at0 , ^^Sp/^ mm longo 30-35 mm. 
orbiculari emarginato palato ^^^^XnTW Fila- 
lato, aurantiaco-macuato calcare "^^^ sapero minute oblongo 
menta cornncopiiformia. 8 ^a mUessii e law o s ] ^ ?asemi ue 
obtnso infero transverse orbiculan-elliptico 2 mm. lato. u f> 

ignota.— O. Staff. 

The Bladderwort here depicted is one that was first 

later, and smce th ^ n ^ as te e n in continuous cultivation 
collections. The plant has Been in d 

at Kewfor about thirty ^ears and .U ^uringjhi^.^ 
flowered several times, but has >™J e ; we ll in 

factories it does at Cambn g e, wh^it^ £ 

Septembeb, 1913. 

the extraordinary plasticity of the leaves of this species in 
the " Gardener's Chronicle," vol. in. ser. 3, p. 360, fig. 54, 
by Mr. Watson and in "Flora," vol. xlvii. n.s., p. 293, 1. 14^ 
fig. 3, by Professor Goebel. Under favourable conditions 
the leaves may grow out into bladder-bearing stolons or 
may produce from their tips tufts of leaves and stolons and 
rhizoids. This phenomenon is not infrequent in the genus 
Utricularia, but in U. longifolia it is unusually striking on 
account of the size of the leaves. 

Description.— fferft, perennial, densely tufted; stolons 
about ^m. thick, numerous, and associated near the surface 
of the soil with slender filiform copiously branched bladder- 
bearing rhizoids. Bladders shortly pedicelled, obovoid- 
globose, the mouth minute and directed downwards J T in 
long; upper lip of bladder 2-fid with the sparingly 
glandular-ciliate lobes incurved above the mouth, lower lip 
obsolete. Leaves lorate or linear-lanceolate, rather obtuse, 
very gradually narrowed towards the base into a distinct 
petiole, up to 12 in. long, ±-i in. wide, bright green, 
glabrous. Scape slender, including the inflorescence up to 
£ it long beset low down with a few subulate, sterile 
bracts Flowers 10 or fewer, laxly arranged, bracts subu- 
ate, slender * m. long; bracteoles like the bracts, but less 
than halt as long ; pedicels filiform, up to § in. long. Sepals 
iiearly equal, ovate from a broad base, finely acuminate, in 

S l0r f th , e .Pf e *V*r> U PP er H P wide-ovtte, rather 
obtuse, up tojm. long ; lower lip suborbicular, emarginate, 

nr^*I° ng ' 1 i- 1 \. 1I ?- 1 wlde ; P^ate gibbous, blotched with 

SSriLV Whltl ! Sh v' Iather acute ' * in - ] ^g- Stigma 
tranZ 'l T^i X °\™^, oblong-obtuse f lower lobe 
transversely orbicular-elliptic, T \ in. wide. 

V^ft^tf^^^ 3 ' ° r *<* of a bladder; 4, sepal and 
e^o^^T^LT^i,!^ 118 : 6 ' Sketch of » entire plant.-^ 

enlarged except 6, which is much reduced. 






"Vincent Brooks,Da- 

Tab. 8517. 
STANHOPEA grandiflora. 


Obchidaceae. Tribe Vandeae. 
Stanhopea, Frost; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 549. 

Stanhopea grandiflora, Reichb. f. in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 587, non Lindl. ; 
Rolfe in Orch. Rev. vol. xx. p. 172 ; affinis S. oculatae, Lindl., sed labelli 
hypochilio latiore nee gradatim attenuate diifert. 

Ilerba epiphytica. Pseudobulbi ovoidei, sulcati. circiter 5 cm. longi, monophylli. 
Folia petiolata, elliptica vel obovato-elliptica, abrupte acuminata, plicata, 
25-30 cm. longa, 9-11 cm. lata. Scapi penduli, 15-20 cm. longi, 4-7-flori, 
basi vaginis ovato-oblongis imbricatis obtecti. Bracteae oblongae vel 
lanceolato-oblongae, subacutae, convoluto-conduplicatae, 4-5 cm. lonaae. 
Pedicelli 5-6 cm. longi. Flores magni, speciosi, sepala et petala ochraceu, 
purpureo-maculata, labellum album, sparse purpureo-maculatum, et 
columna viridi-alba, purpureo-maculata. Sepalum posticum ellipt/'co- 
oblongum, subobtusum, concavum, circitor 5*5 cm. longum; sepala 
lateralia elliptico-ovata, subobtusa, 5*5-6 cm. longa. Peiala oblonga, 
acuta, subundulata, circiter 5 cm. longa. Labellum circiter 5 cm. 
longum; hypochilium obovato-oblongum, lateraliter carinatum, oro 
circulari; mesochilium breve, cornubus incurvis; epichilium elliptico- 
ovatum, subacutum. Columna incurva, 4*5 cm. longa, alis oblongis. — ■ 
Epidendrum grandi/lorum, Humb. et Bonpl. PI. iEquinoct. vol. i. p. 94, t. 27. 
Anguloa grandiflora, Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. i. p. 343. — R. A. Rolfe. 

This striking Stanhopea is one of the earliest known 
species of the genus and was originally described and 
figured by Humboldt and Bonpland in 1805, as Epiden- 
drum grandiflorum, from specimens collected in shady 
woods near Cuenca in Ecuador. Later it was transferred 
by Kunth to Anguloa; still later to its true genus, as 
S. grandiflora, by the younger Reichenbach. This simple 
history has been somewhat obscured owing to the circum- 
stance that Lindley had in the meantime applied the name 
S. grandiflora to a very different plant, now regarded as 
merely a form of the earlier *S. eburnea, Lindl., and because 
of the fact that Reichenbach reduced to the true S. grandiflora 
the Mexican species S. Buchepalus y Lindl., and added to it, as 
a variety, the Panama species S. Jenischiana, Kramer. The 
confusion thus induced Lindley aggravated by citing the 
locality and these synonyms of the Ecuador plant under 
one originally stated by him to be a native of Mexico ; later 
October, 1913. 

he transferred the synonyms from the Ecuador species to 
& insignis, Frost — another error, though one that does not 
concern us here. The late Mr. Consul Lehmann, whose col- 
lections are now at Kew, during a visit to Cuenca was able 
to collect there further material of S. grandiftora, Eeichb. f. , 
and to make in the field a coloured sketch of a single flower ; 
this material has enabled Mr. Rolfe, in the " Orchid Review," 
vol. xx., to disentangle the history of the species. The figure 
here given has been prepared from a plant which flowered in 
May, 1912, in the collection of Sir F. Crisp at Friar Park, 
Henley, who kindly provided the material required. Like 
theother species of Stanhopea, the subject of our illustration 
thrives well and flowers freely in a warm moist house. 
Plants are most conveniently grown in baskets suspended 
from the roof, in a mixture of peat fibre and sphagnum 
which should be kept moist during the season of growth 
and dry whilst the plants are at rest. 

Description.—//^, epiphytic; pseudobulbs ovoid, sul- 
cate, about 2 in. long, 1-foliate. Leaves petioled, elliptic 
or obovate-elliptic, abruptly acuminate, plicate, 10-12 in. 
long, 3|-4J in. wide. Scapes pendulous, 6-8 in. long, 
4-7 -flowered, clothed below with ovate-oblong imbricate 
sheaths ; bracts oblong or lanceolate-oblong, subacute, cort- 
volute-conduplicate, lf-2 in. long; pedicels f-£ in. long. 
Flowers large, showy, sepals and petals yellowish with 
purple blotches ; lip white, sparingly blotched with purple ; 
column greenish-white, blotched with purple. Sepals: 
posterior elliptic-oblong, subobtuse, concave, about 2£ in. 
long; lateral elliptic-ovate, subobtuse, 2|-2| in. long. 
Petals oblong, acute, somewhat undulate, about 2 in. long. 
Lip about 2 in. long ; hypochile obovate-oblong, laterally 
keeled, mouth circular; mesochile short, with incurved 
horns ; epichile elliptic-ovate, subacute. Column incurved, 
If in. long, wings oblong. 

Fig. 1, lip; 2, upper part of column; 3, pollinarium:-rt// enlarged. 


"itch lrth 

L Reeve &.C? London., 

Tab. 8518. 
RHODODENDRON haematocheil™. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhodoreae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benik. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 509. 

Rhododendron haematocheilum, Craib in Gard. Chron. 1913, vol. liii. p. 214; 
a B. Fargesii, Franch., cui affinis, ovario eglanduloso omnino glabro recedit. 

Frutex. Hamuli validi, ad 6 mm diametro, primo virides dein brutmescentes, 
juventute pilis brevibus glanduliferis hie illic instructi, mox glabri. Folia, 
oblonga. apice rotundata vel obtusa. apiculata, basi rotnndata vel rotimdato- 
subcordata, ad 7' 6 cm. Ionga et 32 cm. lata, tenuiter coriacea, glabra, 
supra viridia, subtus pallida, nervis lateralibus utrinseens 13-15 supra 
conspicuis subtus prorainulis, nervulis uti reticulatione gracih subtus 
conspicuis, petiolo valido supra canaliculate* 7-15 mm. longo suffulta. 
Fedicelli 7-15 mm. longi, pilis brevibus albidis inerassutis parce instruct]. 
Calyx brevissimus, denticulatus vel obsolete denticulatus. VoroUae glabrae 
tubus 23 mm. longus, basi 1-1 cm. apice 3 cm. diametro, limbus 7-lobus 
lobis 1 -3 cm. lougis 2 cm. latis retusis. Stamina 14, longiora corollae tubo 
subaequilonga; filamenta glabra, albida; antherae fuscae. Ovarium 
glabrum, vix 5 mm. altum ; stylus stamina circiter 1 cm. superans, glaber. 
— W. G. Craib. " 

The Rhododendron which we figure is one of the Chinese 
species raised by Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons from seed 
collected on their behalf by Mr. E. H. Wilson. While the 
plants were still young they were referred to R. Davidii, 
Franch., another Chinese species, though it was observed 
that the leaves in this plant, which are rounded or almost 
cordate at the base, differ considerably from those ot 
R. Davidii which are narrowed to the petiole. Now that 
flowers are available it is found that R. haematocheilum is 
easily distinguished from R. Davidii by its much less 
elongated inflorescence and by the glabrous, smooth ovary 
and style. Its nearest allies appear to he R Zargesu 
Franch., audi?. Skeltonae, Hemsl. & F, H. W lis though 
it differs from both, as it does from R. Fortunei, Lradl., by 
its pistil. In the expanding flower the corolla is almost 
blood-red, in the newlv expanded flower it is a rich 
carmine which fades gradually with age. From this 
striking feature has been taken the name applied to the 
species', which appears to be hardy in the nurseries ot 

OCTOliKR, 1913. 

Messrs. Veitch at Coombe Wood, where it has thriven well 
under the conditions suitable for other Chinese Rhododen- 
drons. For the material on which our figure has been 
based we are indebted to Messrs. Veitch. 


Description.— Shrub ; twigs stout, up to \ in. thick, at 
first green, at length brownish, when young here and there 
beset with short glandular hairs, soon glabrous. Leaves 
oblong, rounded or obtuse at the tip, apiculate, rounded or 
slightly rounded-cordate at the base, up to 3 in. long and 
1£ in. wide, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, green above, pale 
beneath, lateral nerves from 13-15 on each side, con- 
spicuous above and raised beneath, secondary veins and 
fine reticulation conspicuous beneath ; petiole stout, chan- 
nelled above, J-f in. long. Pedicels J-f in. long, sparingly 
beset with short, whitish, thickened hairs. Calyx very 
short, obscurely or shortly toothed. Corolla glabrous ; tube 
under 1 in. long, J in. wide below, ]l in. wide above; 
limb 7-lobed ; lobes 2 in. long, | in. wide. Stamens 14, the 
longer ones about as long as the corolla-tube ; filaments 
white, glabrous; anthers dark brown. Ovary glabrous, 
about -i- in. long; style ^ in. longer than the stamens, 

«,?' g " h, braC ^' V alyx and P'" stil ; 3 and 4, stamens; 5, transverse section of 
the ovary: — all enlarged. 





Tab. 8519. 



Gesnebiaceae. Tribe Cybtandeeae. 

Nautilocalyx, Linden ; Sprague in Kew Bull. 1912, p. 88.— Episcia, § Nauti- 
localyx, Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1007 (sensu ampliato). 

Wautiloealyx pallidus, Sprague in Kew Bull. 1912, p. 89; foliis magnis 
pallidis in basin sensini atteuuatis, floribus albidis intus postice purpureo- 
maculatis distinctus. 

Ilerba e basi ramosa, circiter 5 dm. alta, caulibus pluribns erectis teretibus 
crassis earnosis nitidulis breviter pilosis, internodiis 3 "5-7 "5 cm. longis. 
Folia ovato-lanceolata, apice breviter acute acuminata, recurva, in ba-in 
sensim angustata, 16-25 cm. longa, 6 -5-10 '5 cm. lata, margine plana, 
crenato-serrata, sparse ciliata, supra nitidula, pallide viridia, pilis paucis 
adpressis inconspicuis exceptis glabra, nervis venulisque conspicue 
impressis, subtus opaca, albo-viridia, primo visu glabra, revera nervis 
sparse puberulis raesophyllo minutissime puberulo, nervis prominentibus, 
lateralibus utrinque 12-14, venulis prominulis; petioli 8-2 cm. longi. 
Cymae 3-6-florae, bracteis duabus transversis patulis lanceolatis acutis 
demum usque ad 15 cm. longis sparse ciliatis extra puberulis intus 
glabris; pedicelli sub anthesi 2-5 cm. longi, viilosi, demum elongati. 
Calyx zygomorpbus; segmenta ovata, acute acuminata, basi rotundata 
vel subcordata, 2 '4-2 -5 cm. longa, 1-4-1-7 cm. lata, tenuia, denticulata, 
sparse ciliata, extra sparsissime puberula, intus glabra; segmentum 
posticum calcare corollae basi repulsum, valde curvatum. Corolla e ealyce 
adscendens, cremeo-albida, dorso calcarata; tubus calcare incluso o cm. 
longus, extra breviter crispule pilosus, intus antice glabriusculus 
purpureo-striatus, postice minute glanduloso-pilosus, purpureo-vittatus, 
vittis e maculis numerosis subcontiguis compositis, circiter 1-5 cm. supra 
basin calcaris ampliatus, abhinc usque ad os ultra 1 cm. latus, a dorso 
usque ad ventrem vix 1 cm. metiens ; calcar amplum, rotundatum, circiter 
5 mm. longum ; limbus 3 cm. latus, fere 3 cm. a dorso ad ventrem metiens ; 
lobi leviter reflexi, transverse elliptici, M-1'2 cm. longi, 1-4-Tb cm. 
lati. Filamenta in vaginam postice fissam in calcar 3 mm. productam 
corollae tubo adnatam connata, snperne antberis disjunctis spirahter torta, 
antica Iongiora, vagina antice 7-5 mm. lon R a, laterahter 5 mm. longa; 
antherae per paria apicibus connectivornm connatae, 6 nun. Jongae, 
connective dorso valde incrassato 2-5 mm. longo 1 mm. lato, loculis 
omnino sejunctis parallelis mytiliformibus. Disci glandula unica, po^tica, 
2-5 mm. longa, sparse longiuscule ciliata. Ovarium oyoideum 5 mm. 
longum, pilis multicellularibus acutissimis dense mdutum; stylus vix 
3 cm. longus, pilis multicellularibus acutissimis et paucionbus glanduloso- 
capitatis patule hirsutus; placentae ad basin bipait.tae, segmen is plano- 
convexis iutrorsum tantum ovuliferis.-^M«*«» pallidus, Sprague in Kew 
Bull. 1911, p. 346.— T. A. Spbague. 

The subject of our illustration is a native of Peru 
which belongs to a very natural group ot species formerly 
referred partly to Ephcia and partly to Alloplectus, more 

OCTOBKB, 1913. 

recently brought together under the old generic name 
Nautilocalyx. The species in question agree with Episcia 
as to habit and in general facies, but differ from members of 
that genus in having ovules only on the inner surface 
of the placental lamellae. From Alloplectus they are 
readily distinguished in being herbs and in having a 
relatively large corolla-limb. The mussel-shaped anther- 
thecae serve to separate them from the closely allied genus 
Centrosolenia. The plant from which the material for our 
figure has been obtained was presented to Kew by Messrs. 
F. Sander & Sons, St. Albans, to whom it had been sent 
from Peru by their collector Mr. Forget. It grows freely 
under warm greenhouse conditions and forms numerous 
stems which flower more or less continuously throughout 
the summer. It is easily propagated by means of cuttings ; 
it also ripens seeds. There are two other species of 
Nautilocalyx in cultivation, both readily distinguishable 
from N. pallidus in having yellow flowers and leaves 
purple beneath. One of them, N. Lynchii, has been figured 
in this work, at t. 7271, as Alloplectus Lynchii; it has 
smooth leaves and has calyx-segments much shorter than 
the corolla-tube, and is thus readily distinguished from the 
other, N. bullatus, often known as Episcia tesselata, which 
has bullate leaves and calyx-segments nearly as long as the 


Description.— #<?»•&, branching at the base, stems several, 
erect, cylindric, thick and fleshy, shinipg, shortly pilose, 1J ft, 
nigh mternodes 11-3 in, long. Leaves ovate-lanceoiate, 
portly sharply acuminate, recurved, gradually narrowed 
to the base, 6-10 in. long, 2J-4 in. wide, margin flat, 
crenate-serrate, sparingly ciliate, shining above, pale green, 
nearly glabrous, the nerves and veins distinctly sunk, 
underneath dull, whitish-green, apparently glabrous, in 
reality very finely puberulous, nerves and veins raised; 

ateral nerves about 12-14 on each side; petioles JHc in. 

ong. Cymes 3-6-flowered ; bracts paired, spreading, 
lanceolate, acute, at length f in. long, sparingly ciliate- 
puberulous outside, glabrous within ; pedicels in flower 1 in. 

ong, villous, at length elongated. Calyx zygomorphous ; 
Jones ovate, acutely acuminate, base rounded or subcordate, 
aoout 1 in. long, J-| in, wide, thin, denticulate, sparingly 

ciliate, slightly hairy outside, glabrous within ; upper 
segment pushed backwards by the corolla spur, much 
curved. Corolla creamy-white, spurred behind ; tube with 
spur 2 in. long, shortly crisplyhairy outside, within purple- 
streaked and almost glabrous in front, glandular-hairy and 
banded with purple behind, widened some distance above 
the rounded spur ; limb l\ in. wide ; lobes slightly reflexed, 
transversely elliptic, about \ in. long, f in. wide. Filaments 
connate in a sheath open behind, extending into the spur 
and adnate to the corolla-tube, spirally twisted upwards, 
the anterior pair the longer ; anthers connate in pairs by 
the connective-tips; thecae mussel -shaped ; connective 
much thickened behind. Disk of a single posterior gland, 
sparingly rather long ciliate. Ovary ovoid, £ in. long, 
densely clothed with pointed many-celled hairs ; style over 
1 in. long, patently hirsute with pointed many-celled hairs 
and with scattered glandular-capitate hairs; placentae 
2-partite at the base, segments plano-convex, ovule-bearing 
only on the inner side. 

Fig. 1, calyx, base of corolla tube, stamens and pistil; 2 and 3, anthers; 
4, ovary and ditk :— all enlarged. 

M S del J.N Filckklk 


Tab. 8520. 
SCHIZOPHRAGMA hydrangeoidfs. 

Saxifragaceae. Tribe Htdhangeae. 
SunizoPHBAGMA, Sieb. et Zucc; Benth. et Tlook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 641. 

Schizophragma hydrangeoides, Sieb. et Zucc. Flor. Jap. vol. i. p. 58, t. 26 ; 
C. K. Schneider in Laubholzk. vol. i. p. 393, fig. 252; specses a ceteris hujus 
generis foliis minoribus dentatis nee integris apte distinguenda. 

Frutex deciduus, radicibus ope subaeriis alte scandens ; ramulis pviraum laxe 
pubescentes demum glabrati. Folia opposita, exstipulata, merabranacea, 
late ovata vel suborbicularia, acuta vel acuminata, basi truncata vel 
cordata, margine grosse dentata, 5-14 cm. longa, 4-14 cm. lata, supra 
sordide viridia praesertim secus nervos breve adpresse pubescentia, subtus 
pallidiora secus costam et in axillis nervorum pilosa; nervi laterales 
utrinsecus 5-7; petiolus 4-10 cm. longus, parce pubescens. Flores m 
corymbum terminalem 10-20 cm. latum cymosim aggregate perfecti 
perparvi congesti, sterile* ad marginem corymbi restricti et in bracteas 
singulas lacticolores membranaceas ovatas cordatasve apice acutas vel 
rotundatas distincte reticulatas 1-5-4-5 cm. longas 1-3 cm. latas ramulos 
primarios terminantes redacti. Calyx turbinatus, 5-lobus, laxe pubescens ; 
lobi triangulares. Petala 5, rotundato-ovata, concava 2 '5 mm. longa, 
alba. Stamina 10, longe exserta, 6 mm. longa ; filamenta glabra; antherae 
luteae. Carpella 4-5 ; styli connati ; stigma 4-5-lobum. Capsula turbmata, 
10-striata, 6 mm. longa, pedicello pubescente suffulta.— W. J. Bean. 

The subject of our plate bears a name which is familiar in 
English gardens, where it has for a couple of generations been 
erroneously applied to Hydrangea petiolaris, Sieb. & Zucc., 
another and an allied Japanese climbing shrub. There has 
never been any very valid excuse for this curious misappre- 
hension, because in H.petiolaris the sterile flowers have lour 
segments, whereas in the sterile flowers of Schizophragma 
there is but a single bract. As a matter of fact, in spite of 
the familiar misuse of its name, the true S. hydrangeoides, 
now figured, is a comparatively recent introduction to 
British gardens and appears to have first blossomed in this 
country in 1905 with the late Mr. B. E Chambers of 
Grayswood, Haslemere. The spray from which our plate 
has been prepared came from the garden of Miss h. A. 
Willmott at Warley Place, on July 12, 1912 and a few 
days later a second spray was received from Sir Edward b ry 
from his garden at Failand House, near Bristol. The plant 
at Warley Place grows along with Hydrangea petiolaris on 
the wall of one of the garden offices, where the two flower 

Octobeb, 1913. 

simultaneously. In wild specimens there is much variation 
in the size of the sterile bracts, and that this is nearly as 
marked in cultivated examples will be realised when the 
cordate bract in the upper right-hand corner of our plate, 
which was drawn from Sir E. Fry's specimen, is compared 
with those drawn from Miss Willmott's spray. The only 
other known species of the genus are S. integrifolia, Oliv., 
and S. hypoglauca, Render ; both are readily distinguished 
from S. hydrangeoides by their larger, entire leaves. S. 
hydrangeoides does not flower freely in the British Islands ; 
probably it requires more sun than our climate usually 
affords. The fact that its flowering was reported from 
several places in 1912 may well have been the result of the 
heat of the previous year. In the Eastern United States, 
however, it seems to flower as freely as Hydrangea petiolaris 
does with us. It likes a good loamy soil. 

Description. — Shrub, deciduous, climbing by means of 
aerial roots and attaining the tops of trees up to 40 ft. high ; 
twigs at first covered with loose down, soon becoming 
glabrous. Leaves opposite, exstipulate, membranous, broadly 
ovate or nearly orbicular, acute or acuminate, base truncate 
or cordate, coarsely dentate, 2-5^ in. long, 1^-5^ in. wide, 
dull green above, with short adpressed hairs chiefly on the 
main-nerves and midrib, beneath rather pale, pubescent on 
the midrib and in the angles between midrib and main- 
nerves ; lateral nerves 5-7 along each side; petiole 1^-4 in. 
long, sparingly pubescent. Flowers in a cymose terminal 
corymb, 4-8 in. wide; the perfect flowers very small and 
crowded ; the sterile flowers confined to the margin of the 
corymb, each reduced to a solitary creamy-white, mem- 
branous, reticulately veined, ovate or cordate bract, acute 
or rounded at the tip, terminating the principal ramifica- 
tions, f-lf in. long and f-lf in. wide. Calyx turbinate, 
5-lobed, loosely pubescent ; lobes triangular. Petals 5, 
white, roundish ovate, concave, T L in. long. Stamens 10, 
tar exserted, \ in. long ; filaments glabrous ; anthers yellow. 
Carpels 4-5 ; styles coalescing ; stigma 4-5-lobed. 'Capsule 
turbinate, 10-ribbed, \ in. long ; pedicels pubescent. 

Fig. 1, bud; 2, flower with petals removed; 3, calyx and pistil; 4, aborted 
flower:— all enlarged. * 


M.S.deVJ.N .Fitch Mi 

Tinoertt.Brooks,I>agr&SonI .1 

L.Reeve h C? London. 

Tab. 8521. 



Gesnebaceae. Tribe Didtmocakpeae. 
Stkeptocabpus, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1023. 

Streptocarpus cyaneus, S. Moore in Jovrn. Bit. K05, p. 172; species arete 
affinis S. Bexii, Lindl., sed scapis semper bifloris, corollae tubo mtilto 
breviore et colore diverso facile distinguenda. 

Berba perennis, acaulis. Folia plurima, rad'calia, prostrata, 6-21 cm. longa, 
1-5-5 cm. lata, subsessilia vel petiolis usque ad 5 cm. 1-ongis instructs, 
anguste eloneato-ob'onga vel oblongo-lanceolata, obtusa, basi angustata, 
crenata, subbullato-rugosa, rude pubescentia, viridia, subtus pallidiora. 
Seapi erecti, 8-16 cm. longi, biflori, cum pedicellis floribusque extra pilis 
simplicibus et glanduloso-capitatis patulis pubescentes. Pedicelh 7-17 
mm. longi. Sepala 5 mm. longa, linearia, obtusa vel subacute. Corollae 
tubus 1*7-3 cm. longus, anguste infundibuliforims, alhus. intra vitta lutea 
ornatus ; limbus obliquus inaequaliter 5-lobus ; lobi 7-13 mm. longi, 
10-11 mm lati, suborbiculares vel suborbicnlari-oblongi, colore variabiles 
cyanei vel coeruleo-rosei vel coeruleo-rosei disco loborum supenorum 
cvanei lobi inferiores venis fusco-rubris ornati. Stamina inclusa; 
filamenta sursum curvata, alba, superne glandulis aureo-brunneis 
conspersa: antherae arete contiguae, ad stylum infra stigmate adpressae. 
Discus aurantiacus. Ovarium molliter pubescens vmde: stylus albu., 
glanduloso-pubescens ; stigma album, centro excavatum.— N. K BBOWN. 

The pleasing Streptocarpus which forms the subject of 
our plate is very closely allied to the well-known S., 
Lindl., but differs in having the corolla-tube absolutely 
much shorter and relatively more dilated at the throat. 
S. cyaneus was first met with in 1891 by Mr. E. E. (ralpin 
in wooded kloofs near Barberton, but the specimens on 
which the original description was based were collected m 
1905 by Mr. J. Burtt Davy, who found them growing on 
rocks and tree-trunks in dense shade at Forbes Reef Bush 
in Swaziland. The specimen here figured is one ot a 
number raised from seed collected near Barberton by Mr. 
Thorncroft and presented to Kew by Mr W E. Ledger 
of Wimbledon. The flowers in this stock of seedlings vary 
in colour from pale lavender or blue to rose-pink or rosy 
mauve; in the latter case the two upper lobes often shade 
into blue in the central area; the three lower lobes have a 
few streaks of red, and a blotch of yellow occurs within the 

OCTOBEB, 1913. 

corolla-tube. The cultural treatment most suitable to 
S. Rexii appears to be that under which S. cyaneus grows 
best and thrives most satisfactorily. Like the other species 
and varieties of Streptocarpus in cultivation, this one is 
shortlived, and like them it might almost be termed a 
biennial, at all events most of the forms are at their best 
in their second year. Mr. Brown is of opinion that 
individual flowers in this species cannot be self-fertilised, 
the anthers being so closely pressed together that although 
open on their opposed faces no pollen can be shed until 
they are separated, and as the anthers are closely pressed 
against the style a little below the stigma, it is difficult to 
conceive that any pollen should reach the stigma without 
insect aid. 

Description. — Herb, perennial, but for cultural purposes 
sub-biennial, stemless. Leaves many, radical, prostrate, sub- 
sessile or narrowed to a petiole, narrowly elongate-oblong 
or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, crenate, slightly bullately 
rugose, 2£-8| in. long, -f-2 in. wide, roughly pubescent 
on both sides, green above, paler beneath ; petiole • 2 in. 
long. Scapes erect, 3-6 in. long, almost always 2-flowered, 
pubescent like the pedicels and the flowers outside with 
simple and gland-tipped spreading hairs; pedicels £-§ in. 
long. Sepals \ in. long, linear, obtuse or subacute. ^Corolla 
narrowly funnel-shaped ; tube f-lj in. long, white with 
a yellow streak within ; limb oblique, unequally 5-lobed ; 
lobes J-J in. long, under J in. wide, suborbicular or orbi- 
cular-oblong, variable in colour, blue or rose-mauve or 
rose-pmk with the centre of the upper lobes blue and of 
the lower lobes streaked with red. Stamens included; 
hiaments curved upwards, white dotted above with golden- 
brown glands ; anthers closely touching, adpressed to the 
style below the stigma. Disk orange-yellow. Ovary softly 
pubescent, green ; style white, glandular-pubescent ;' stigma 
white, hollowed in the centre. 

of^If' n C f vf and pistil; 2 ' part of ca ^ x removed, showing the disk; 3, part 
nffiw V open to show stamens and staminodes; 4, anthers with apices 
ot niaments :— all enlaraed. 



M.S.ael. J.K.Fitch M>l 

I. Raeve &.C? I 


Tab. 8522. 
ALOCASIA Micholitziana. 


Akoideae. Tribe Colocasiae. 
Alooasia, Schott; Benth. et Hook,/. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 975. 

Aloeasia Micholitziana, Sander in Gard. Ghron. 11)12, vol. h. suppl. p. xv. 
fig 9; affinis A. Smderianae, Bull, sed fjliis minonbiis hand vel minus 
peitatis, minus lobatis, venis lateralibus vix curvatis baud argenteo- 
marginatis et spadice spatha fere aequilongo differt. 

Ilerha perennis caulescens, omnino glabra. Caulis usque ad 40-50 cm. altus, 
erectus 2-5-3-5 cm. crassus. Foliorum petioli 20-36 cm. longi, basi vel 
ad medium vaginati, sordide virides, irregulariter fusco-zonati ; laminae 
sngittatie vel leviter peltato-sagittatae, marginibus sinuato-lobatis, supra 
pulchre atro-virides, venis primariis paliidioribus et costa alba orriatae, 
subtus pallide virentes; lobus anticus 10-25 cm. longus,_6-14 cm. latus, 
elongato-deltoideus, acutus; lobi basales 10-15 cm. longi, d-5-b cm. lati, 
deltoidei obtusi, liberi vel basi breviter connexi, smu triangulan sejuncti. 
Pedanculi 10-16 cm. longi, virides, maculis sordide fusco-purpureis irregu- 
lariter zonati. Spatha erecta; tubus 2 -5-3 cm. longus, subglobosus vel 
ellipsoideus, viridis; lamina 9-10 cm. longa, 2 • 5-3 ■ 2 cm. lata, cymbiformis, 
acuta, extra pdlide virens, intus pallide flavo-virens vel albido-virens. 
Spudix cum spatha fere aequilongus, appendice quam parte fiorifera multo 
longiore, pallide flavescente. Ovarium globosum ; stilus perbrevis ; stigma 
subcapitatum— N. E. Beown. 

The handsome Aroid of which a figure is here given is 
a native of the Philippines, where it was first met with 
some fifteen years ago by Mr. Loher in the province of 
Benquet in the island of Luzon. It was met with again 
by Mr. Micholitz, also in Luzon, when collecting there on 
behalf of Messrs. Sander & Sons, St. Albans, by whom it 
was introduced to cultivation about three years ago. Very 
nearly allied to the familiar Aloeasia Sanderiana, Bull, this 
new species differs therefrom in having smaller leaves, 
less deeply lobed at the margins, with a deeper and very 
different shade of green and without silvery borders to 
the almost straight (not distinctly curved) primary lateral 
veins. In our plant, too, the leaves are very rarely peltate, 
and when they are peltate they are so to a much less degree 
than is the case in A. Sanderiana. The spadix, too, is here 
nearly as lonir as the spathe, and its appendix is longer 
than the floriferous portion, whereas in A. Sanderiana the 

November, 1913. 

spadix is much shorter than the spathe and the appendix is 
shorter than the flower-bearing part. Evergreen in habit, 
A. Micholitziana is easily grown, and thrives well in a 
shady position in a hot moist stove. It requires an open 
compost, rich in humus, with abundant moisture at the 
root during the season of growth. A partial rest should 
be given during the winter months, the plant being kept 
somewhat drier at the root, and only sufficient water being 
supplied to enable it to retain its leaves. Propagation is 
readily effected by dividing the stem into sections, potting 
these up and plunging the pots in a moist case in brisk 
bottom heat until new growths are obtained. 

Description. — Herb ; stock perennial, caulescent, erect, 
about 1^ ft. in height, 1-1 J in. thick. Leaves sagittate or 
slightly peltate-sagittate, sinuately lobed, above strikingly 
dark green with paler midrib and main-nerves, beneath 
pale green, the anterior lobe 4-10 in. long, 2^-5^ in. wide, 
elongate deltoid, acute, the basal lobes 4-6 in. long, 
1^-2 \ in. wide, deltoid, blunt, free or slightly united at 
the base ; sinus triangular ; petiole 8-14 in. long, sheath- 
ing at the base or at times half way up, dull green with 
irregular bands of brown markings. Peduncles 4-6 in. 
] on S> green irregularly banded with brownish-purple mark- 
ings. Spathe erect, its tube l-l£ in. long, subglobose or 
elliptic, green ; lamina 3|-4 in. long, l-l£ in. wide, cymbi- 
form, acute, pale green externally, pale yellowish- or 
whitish-green within. Spadix about as long as the spathe, 
the appendages pale yellowish, much longer than the fertile 
portion. Ovary globose ; style very short ; stigma sub- 

Fig. 1, spadix; 2, male flowers, seen from above; 3, a single male flower, seen 
from the side; 4, ovary; 5, the same in vertical section, showing the ovules ; 
b, an ovule :— all enlarged. 

Tab. 8523. 


Eastern Himalaya. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Ehodoeeae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron setosum, D. Don in Trans. Wern. Soc. vol. ill p. 40S et in 
Prodr. Ft. Nep. p. 152; DO. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 724; Hook.f. Rhod. Sikkim 
Himal. t. 20 et in Journ. Hort. Soc. vol. vii. pp.81, 105; (7.5. Clarke in 
Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Jnd. vol. iii. p. 472; a R. nivali, Hook, f., ramulis setosis, 
foliis majoribus recedit. 

Fruticulus circiter 30 cm. altns; ramuli setis divaricatis deciduis instruct! 
Folia elliptico-obovata vel oblonga, apice rotutidata vel fere truncal a, 
costa excurrente breviter apiculata, basi late cuneato-rotnndata vel 
fere truncata, 0"7-l"2 cm. longa, 4-8 mm. lata, coriacea, nervis later- 
alibns obscuris, costa subtus piominente, pagina utraque parcius lepidota, 
margine revoluto parcius praicipue interne setosa, petiolo brevi suffulta. 
Pedicelli ad 3 mm. longi, puberuli, parcius lepidoti. Calycis fere ad imam 
basem divisi segmenta inter se inaequalia, suboblonga, apice rotundata, 
3" 5-5 mm. longa, 2 - 5 mm. lata, rubra, margine ciliolata lepidotaque, dorso 
medio parcius lepidota. Corolla purpureo-rosea ; tubus 7 mm. longus, 
intra praesertim superne breviter pilosus; lobi 5, pateutes, obovato- 
oblanceolati, obtusiasculi, 11 mm. longi, 7 mm. lati, margine undulati. 
Filamenta 13 mm. longa, interne piloso-barbata, antheris anguste oblongis 
2 - 5 mm. longis. Ovarium 2'5 mm. altum, minute puberulum, sparse 
lepidotum; stylus 17 mm. longus, inferue sulcatus, glaber. Capsula 
calycem persistentem aequans. — W. G. Craib. 

The neat little Rhododendron which forms the subject 
of our illustration is a native of the moorland tracts and 
rocky slopes characteristic of the loftier passes leading 
across the Eastern Himalaya into Tibet, within a few miles 
of the summits of which it reaches its uppermost limit. 
Here the brilliant red-purple flowers render the species a 
charming object, and after hot sunshine the air is filled with 
the heavy aroma due to a copious resinous secretion which 
testifies to the comparatively dry climate it enjoys. In 
its late flowering, which takes place in June and July, and 
in its early fruiting, which occurs in October, E. setosum 
bears witness to the brief summer of the elevated regions 
it affects. The Bhoteas of Sikkim and of Tibet, who 
know the plant as M Tsallu," regard it and fi. anthopogon, 
Wall., for which their name is "Palu," as largely con- 

NOVKMBEB, 1913. 

tributing by their strongly resinous scent to the headaches 
and the feeling of oppression which not infrequently 
attend the crossing of the lofty passes they inhabit, and 
there is no doubt that the aroma they emit is too heavy 
and powerful to be wholly agreeable. From its dwarf 
habit and its slow growth JR. setosum is best adapted to 
places like the Rock-garden where it is relieved from 
competition with stronger-growing plants. It needs a 
damp peaty soil. It has never been common in cultivation 
in Great Britain, and appears here to be short-lived. At 
present it is quite rare in collections; the material for 
our figure was obtained from a specimen in the garden of 
Sir E. G. Loder, at Leonardslee, Horsham. Like many 
high Alpine species it would doubtless succeed better where 
there is a well-defined winter and a regular snowfall than 
it does under our indeterminate seasons and late spring 

Description— Shrublet about a foot in height; twigs 
beset with deciduous divaricate setae. Leaves elliptic- 
obovate or oblong, apex rounded or nearly truncate, the 
midrib excurrent and slightly apiculate, base wide cuneate, 
rounded or nearly truncate, £-£ in. long, i-| in. wide, 
coriaceous, lateral nerves indistinct, midrib raised beneath, 
both surfaces rather sparingly lepidote, rather sparingly 
setose on the revolute margin, particularly towards the 
base; petiole very short. Pedicels \ in. long, puberulous 
and sparingly lepidote. Calyx divided almost to the base ; 
segments somewhat unequal, more or less oblong, rounded 
at the tip, \~\ in. long, T \ in. wide, red, their margin ciliolate 
and lepidote, the outer surface slightly lepidote about the 
middle. _ Corolla rose-purple; tube J in. long, shortly 
pilose within, more particularly above ; lobes 5, spreading, 
obovate-lanceolate, more or less obtuse, their margin 
undulate, nearly 1 in. long, ^ in. wide. Filaments over 
i in. long, bearded below; anthers narrow-oblong, T V in. 
long. Ovary ^ in. long, finely puberulous, sparingly 
lepidote; style | in. long, channelled below, glabrous. 
Capsule as long as the persistent calyx. 

Pig. 1, upper ratface of a loaf; 2, under surface of the same; 3, calyx and 
pistil ; 4 ami o, stamens; 6, ovary :— all enlarged, 


L Reeve &.CPLan<Lan.. 

Tab. 8524. 
SENECIO Kirkii. 

New Zealand. 

Compositae. Tribe Senecionideae. 
Senecio, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446. 

Senecio Kirkii, Hook. f. ex T. Kirk, Students' Fl. p. 344; Cheeseman, Man. 
New Zeal. Fl. p. 376 ; species foliorum forma capitulis magnis floribus 
radii albis valde distincta. 

Frutex erectus, 2-4 m. altus, glaber ; rami robusti. Folia valde heteromorpha, 
Kneari-oblanceolata, oblanceolata vel obovata, apice obtu^a, basi attenuata, 
4-12 cm. longa, 1-3*5 cm. lata, supra medium parce repando-dentata vel 
saepissime integra, cbartacea, nervis lateralibus utrinsecus 4-6 ascenden- 
tibus distinctis sed vix prominentibus ; petiolus 0"5-2 cm. longus, gracilis. 
Corymbi magni, saepe ramosispirni, 10-30 cm. diametro vel nonnunquam 
latiores ; bracteae inferiores foliaceae ; pedunculi graciles, 2-5 cm. longi, 
superne 4-5-bracteati, bracteis recurvatis. Capitula numerosa, campanu- 
lata, 4-5 cm. diametro. Involucri bracteae snbbiseriatae, oblongo-oblanceo- 
latae, subacutae, circiter 1 cm. longae et 2-5 mm. latae, submembra- 
naceae, apice breviter pubescentes. Beceptaculum planum, alveolatum. 
Floras radii circiter 10, patuli, albi; tubus brevis; lamina oblanceolata, 
apice minute tridentata, 4-nervia. Flores disci flavi. Acliaenia linearia, 
sulcata, glabra, circiter, 6 mm. longa. Pappi setae albae, 7 mm. longae, 
barbellatae.— S. glastifolius, Hook. f. Fl. New Zeal. vol. i. p. 147, t. 39 ; 
Handb. p. 161 : n'on Linn. f. Solidago arborescens, A. Cunn. Prodr. n. 435 : 
non Forst. — J. Hutchinson. 

Among the numerous New Zealand species which have 
been the fruits of the journey of Capt. A. A. Dorrien-Smith 
to that Dominion one of the finest is the Senecio which forms 
the subject of our illustration. According to Mr. Cheese- 
man, S. Kirkii is common in the North Island of New 
Zealand, where it is endemic, from sea-level to an elevation 
of 2,500 feet from the North Cape to Wellington. % The 
corymbs, according to Mr. Kirk, are sometimes highly 
compound and as much as three feet across. At times too the 
species is epiphytic on the distorted trunks of Rata and 
then may form a dome-shaped crown, twelve to twenty 
feet in diameter, with the foliage completely hidden by the 
snow-white flowers. Such specimens in the distance are 
remarkable and conspicuous objects. The shape of the 
leaves and the large corymbs of fine white flowers enable 
the species to be readily distinguished from the other 

November., 1913. 

Senecios of New Zealand. The material for our plate has 
been supplied by Mr. T. A. Dorrien-Smith from his garden at 
Tresco Abbey, Isles of Scilly, where the plant thrives well 
in good soil. It has to be noted that while the bracts in 
the specimens sent for the purpose were oblanceolate and 
toothed, as shown in our figure, the corresponding bracts in 
the majority of the wild specimens in the herbarium at 
Kew are ligulate and entire. 

Description. — Shrub, erect, 7-15 ft. high, occasionally 
hiirher; branches stout. Leaves very variable, linear- 
oblanceolate or obovate, apex obtuse, base narrowed, above 
the middle sparingly repand-toothed or more often entire, 
papery, 1^— 4| in. long, i-l^in. wide, lateral nerves on each 
side 4-6, ascending, distinct but hardly raised ; petiole 
•5— £ in. long, slender. Corymbs large, 4-12 in. across, or 
at times very large, 3 ft. wide, usually much branched ; 
lower bracts leafy; peduncles slender, f-2 in. long, 
4-5-bracteate above, the bracts recurved. Heads numerous, 
campanulate, 1J-2 in. wide. Involucral bracts more or less 
2-seriate, oblong-oblanceolate, rather acute, about * in. 
l° n &> iV i n - wide, somewhat membranous, shortly pubescent 
at the tip. Receptacle flat, alveolate. Ray-florets about 10, 
white, spreading ; tube short ; lamina oblanceolate, 4-nerved, 
very shortly 3-toothed. Disk-florets yellow. Achenes 
linear, sulcate, glabrous, about \ in. long ; pappus white, 
the setae barbellate, nearly i in. long. 

Fig. 1, floret of the ray ; 2, floret of the disk ; 3, a single seta of the pappus ; 
4 anthers; 5, style-arms:— all enlarged. 


\Sna«nt-33 r o i . U 


Tab. 8525. 
cori aria terminates. 

China, Tibet and Sikkim. 


Coeiabia, Linn.', Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 429. 

Coriaria terminalis, Hcmsl. in Hook. Ic. PI. t. 2220 ; racemis elongatis tcrmi- 
nalibus distincta. 

Suffrutex perennis, 3-1 m. alta, pauciraraosa. Ramuli arcuato-a cendentes, 
dorsiventraiiter foliati, quadrangulares angulis angusti&sime alatis plan- 
duloso-ciliolatis, plus minnsve sanguinei. Folia opposita (torsione 
ramulorum disticha), la + e ovata, breviter acute cuspidata, basi subcord ita ; 
folia ramulorum pallide viridia marginibus nervisque sangnineis, 3-5- 
45 cm. longa, 2-3 cm. lata, bisi 5-nervia, margine glanduloso-ciliolata, 
supra nervis venulisque impressis, subtus nervis prominentibus venulis 
prominulis; folia ramorum late elliptica, circiter 7 cm. longa, 5 cm. lata, 
7-9-nervia ; petioli 1-3 mm. longi. Bacemi terminales, multiflori, 14-15 cm. 
longi, sub fructu ad 21 cm. longi ; bracteae ascendentes, ovatae, acutae, 
5-G mm. longae, superne sanguineae; rhachis plus minusTe sanguinea, 
breviter densiusculeglanduloso-pubescens; pedicelli pariter ii]duti,4-6mm. 
longi, sub fructu 1-1*3 cm. longi, patentes. Sepal a imbricata, late ovata, 
acuta vel apiculita, basi rotundata, 2-5-3 mm. longa, circiter 2*5 mm. 
lata, viridula, margine hyalina. t'etala 08 mm. longa, carnosula, accre- 
scentia, sectione transversa subtrianuularia, extra convexa. Stamina 10, 
diplostemona; filamenta antheris breviora; antherae oblongae, 2'5 mm. 
longae, minute papillosae, rubrae, connectivo ultra loculos producto obtuso, 
loculis basi cuspidatis. Carpella 5, libera, alternipetala ; ovarinm angulo 
interiore ad torum productum affixum, lateraliter compressum, ultra 1 mm. 
longum; ovulum ab apire suturae ventralis pendulum; stylus cum 
stigmate alopecuriformis, 2"5 mm. longus. Fructus ex achaeni s qumrpie 
conipositus, petalis accretis aurantiacis camosis trigono-convexis 6-7 mm. 
longis 4-5-5 mm. latis 25-3 mm. crassis circumdatus; achaema Iatar- 
aliter compressa, oblonga (e latere visa), 2 -75 mm. longa, 1-75 mm a dnrso 
ad ventrem, 1-2 mm. crassa, apice rotundata, basi subtruncata, dorsahter 
valde carinata, utrinque costata costis 0"5 mm. a carina distantibus, styhs 
plus minusve persistentibus. Pericarpium crustaceum. Testa membra- 
nacea, brunneola.— T. A. Sirague. 

The genus Coriaria to which the subject of our illustra- 
tion belongs is so singular as to justify its being regarded 
as the type of a distinct natural family occupying a very 
isolated position. By Bentham and Hooker this family 
has been placed at the end of the Discifloral families with a 
note that it seems related to some of the Thalamifloral ones 
and has points in common with the Phytolaccaceae among 
the Incomplete*. By Engler it has been included in the 

NOVEMBEU, 1913. 

Sapindales on account of the pendulous ovules with a dorsal 
(abaxial) raphe. The suggestion in Hooker's edition of 
Le Maout and Decaisne's " System," that the affinities of 
Coriaria are with the Malpighiaceae and other families 
of the Geraniales seems, however, preferable to either of the 
others. The fruit of Coriaria is peculiar in consisting of 
achenes attached by their inner angles to a slender pro- 
longation of the torus and surrounded by a pulpy mass 
composed of the five much enlarged petals. C. terminalis 
may be distinguished from the other species of the genus 
by the terminal inflorescence, below which two axillary 
leafy shoots are commonly produced. These are dorsi- 
ventral, the decussate leaves being brought into a spuriously 
distichous position by the twisting of the consecutive inter- 
nodes. An easily cultivated undershrub which grows well 
in any good loamy soil, C. terminalis is particularly to be 
recommended for gardens where the soil is calcareous. The 
only disadvantage to be contended with is the susceptibility 
of its flower to damage by spring frosts. In the garden of 
Canon EUacombe at Bitton, whence came the material from 
which our figure has been prepared, this and other species 
thrive vigorously. The seeds of C. terminalis germinate 
readily ; the plant can also be propagated by cuttings. 

Description - . — Undershrub, perennial, 1-4 ft. high, 
sparingly branched ; twigs arcuately ascending, 4-angled, 
glandular-ciliate, reddish. Leaves opposite, spuriously dis- 
tichous through the twisting of successive internodes, wide 
ovate, shortly acutely cuspidate, base subcordate ; those of 
the young twigs pale green with reddish edges and veins, 
margin glandular-ciliate, base 5-nerved, l^-lf in. long, 
f-l£ in. wide, nerves and veins impressed above, more or 
less raised beneath ; those of the branches wide elliptic, 
about 3 in. long, 2 in. wide, base 7-9-nerved ; petiole very 
short. Racemes terminal, many-flowered, 5 J— 6 in. long, 
reddish upwards ; rachis more or less reddish, shortly 
rather closely glandular-pubescent ; pedicels glandular- 
pubescent, \-\ in. long ; in fruit elongated and J-J in. long, 
spreading. Sepals imbricate, wide ovate, acute or apicu- 
late, base rounded, -£$-\ in. long, about -j 1 ^ in. wide, greenish 
with hyaline margin. Petals at first very small, fleshy, 
accrescent, almost triangular in section, convex without. 


M B.Aa J.N.FitdJith. 

^noftntBrooks Day ASonXrtr^mj? 


Tab. 8526. 



Gesnebacbak. Tribe Cybtandbeab. 
StbepTOCABPUS, Lindl.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1023. 

Streptocarpus orientalis, Craib in Kew Bull. 1911, p. 432; W. Watson in 
Gard. Chron. 1913, vol. liii. p. 214; a S. Eelsenbergii, E. Br., caule baud 
glabrescente, foliis majoribus vix acutis, capsula graciliore recedit. 

Herba ; caulis solitarius, erectus, simplex, teres, 15-40 cm. altus, basi 7 mm. 
apice circiter 3 mm. diametro, inferne rubro-brunneus, maculis pallide 
viridibus elongatis parce instructus, pilis brevibus divaricatis glanduloso- 
capitatis densius tectus. Folia opposita, plerumque ovata vel elliptico- 
ovata, apice obtusa vel rotundata, basi interdum inaequalia, cuneata, 
2 - 5-9 cm. longa, 2-7 cm. lata, membranacea, crenata vel crenato-serrata, 
pagina superiore omnino ut inferiore costa nervisque densius glanduloso- 
pilosa, nervis lateralibus utrinque 4-5 subtus prominulis ; petioli foliorum 
inferior urn ad 5*5 cm. longi, intermediorum fere 3 cm. longi, superiorum 
circiter 3 mm. longi, supra canaliculati, indumento caulis. Inflorescentia 
axillaris, cymosa; pedunculus communis ad 9-5 cm. longus; pedicelli ad 
4 cm. longi ; bracteae ligulatae vel ligulatc-spatulatae, 5 mm. longae, 
virides ; nodo quoque flos terminalis, flos pro flore terminali, latere altero 
ramulus rudimentarius, baud evolutus, altero ramulus evolutus, formam 
iterans; flores penduli. Calyx vix ad basin divisus, 5 mm. longus, 
segmentis lanceolatis vel lineari-lanceolatis, extra ut pedicelli pilis albidis 
glanduloso-capitatis instructus. Corolla extra purpurea, mtus palhdiora ; 
tubus ad 2-7 cm. longus; limbus fere 2 cm. diametro lobis reflexo-patuhs 
late oblongis apice rotundatis. Filamenta 8 mm. longa, glabra. Ovarium 
1-6 cm. altum, cum stylo circiter 9 mm. longo glanduloso-pubescens. 
Capsula ad 5 cm. longa, 2 mm. diametro.— W. G. Cbaib. 

The interesting Gesnerad which is here figured is a 
native of Siam, where it grows on rocks by streams on 
Mount Doi Sutep, near Chiengmai, at about 1,800 feet 
above the level of the sea. From this locality seeds were 
sent to Kew by Dr. A. F. G. Kerr in 1912; the plants 
raised from this consignment flowered in a tropical house 
in March, 1913, and provided the material from which our 
illustration has been prepared. The species had been 
already described by Mr. Craib from herbarium specimens 
communicated by Dr. Kerr from the same locality and had 
bv him been referred to the genus Streptocarpus, based by 
Lindley upon a South African plant ; in spite of the 
remarkable extension of range of the genus which this 
decision implies, it seems clear that, if a conclusion can be 
based upon essential agreement as regards floral and Iruit 
Noyembeb, 1913. 

structure, the only alternative to the treatment here adopted 
must be the recognition of a new Asiatic genus repeating 
the reproductive organs of Streptocarpus and separated 
therefrom by a somewhat intangible difference in the 
morphology of the vegetative organs. Until the stem 
develops the leaves are clothed with silky grey hairs. 
The racemose cymes gradually elongate and ultimately 
attain a length of ten or twelve inches, so that a plant 
continues to bear flowers in succession for two or three 
months. Under the conditions suitable for the African 
species of the genus, S. orientalis thrives well and produces 
when in flower an elegant effect. It may be propagated 
by seed, which it ripens freely. 

Description. — Herb with a solitary, erect, simple, terete 
stem 6-16 in. in height, ^ in. thick below, J in. thick near 
the top, near the base reddish-brown, but sparingly blotched 
with elongated pale green patches, rather densely beset 
with short spreading gland-tipped hairs. Leaves opposite, 
membranous, usually ovate or elliptic-ovate, tip rounded or 
obtuse, base at times unequal, cuneate, margin crenate or 
crenate-serrate, 1—3^ in. long, |-2| in. wide, upper surface 
uniformly densely glandular-pilose, beneath similarly 
glandular-pilose on the midrib and 4-5 pairs of raised lateral 
nerves ; petioles variable in length, of the lowest leaves 
over 2 in. long, of the central over 1 in. long, but of the 
uppermost only £ in. long, all channelled above and rather 
closely beset with short, spreading, gland-tipped hairs. 
Inflorescence axillary, cymose ; primary peduncle nearly 
4 in. long; pedicels about 1J in. long; bracts ligulate 
or spathulate-ligulate, | in. long, green ; individual defining 
flowers developed successively, their pedicels patulous and 
pendent. Calyx \ in. long, hardly divided to the base, 
lobes lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, beset outside like the 
pedicels with whitish gland-tipped hairs. Corolla purple 
outside, paler within; tube rather over 1 in. long; limb 
about | in. wide, the lobes reflexed-spreading, wide oblong, 
rounded at the tip. Filaments -} in. long, glabrous. Ovary 
-f in. long; style about J in. long; both glandular- 
pubescent. Capsule about 2 in. long, ^ in. in diameter. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of calyx and pistil ; 2, corolla, laid open ; 3, a stamen ; 
4, capsules ; 5, seed :— all enlarged except 4, which is of natural size. . 

Stamens 10, 2-seriate, filaments shorter than the anthers ; 
anthers oblong, -^ in. long, finely papillose, red, connective 
obtuse, produced beyond the locules which are cuspidate at 
the base. Carpels 5, free, alternate with the petals ; ovary 
attached by the inner angle to the produced torus, com- 
pressed laterally; ovule pendulous from the top of the 
ventral suture ; style and stigma feathery, -^ in. long. 
Fruit made up of 5 achenes, enclosed in the orange-yellow, 
fleshy, enlarged triangular-convex petals now J-J in. long, 
J-£ in. wide, T V~i in. thick ; achenes laterally compressed, 
oblong when seen sideways, \ in. long, T J ¥ in. from back to 
front, ^q- in. thick, rounded at the tip, somewhat truncate 
at the base, strongly keeled on the back and with a distinct 
rib on each side of the keel ; styles more or less persistent. 
Pericarp crustaceous. Testa membranous, brownish. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, the same, two of the sepals removed ; 3, anther ; 4, carpels ; 
5, fruit with two of the accrescent petals removed; 6, an achene; 7, embryo: — 

all enlarged. 




"Vincent Bro o>s,D ay &Sonl t d m ip . 

_L .Reeve & C? .London. 

Tab. 8527. 


Palmaceae. Tribe Areceae. 

Mobevia, Ruiz et Pav., Prodr. Flor. Peruv. et. Chi/, p. 150, t. 32 ; Prude in 
Eayler & Prantl, Naturl. Pftanzenfam. vol. ii. pars iii. p. 63. 

Morenia corallina, Karst. in Linnaea, vol. xxviii. (1856), p. 274, et in Flor. 
Colornb. vol. ii. p. 135, t. 171 (1862-69); species M. Porppifjianae, Mart., 
affinis, foliolis lanceolatis recti's, filamentisque auquilongis differt. 

Palma inermis ; canlis 4-6-metralis, annulatus, viridis. Folia pauca, 2-metrales ; 
petio!us 4 dm. longus; foliola utrinsecus circiter 24, 6 dm. longa, 5-6 cm! 
lata, Ianceolata, recta, apice inaequalia. Infloresctntia dioica ; spathae 4 
membranaceae, infima brevitcr tubulosa, ore oblique truncata, tres supe- 
riores fusiformes ; fiores in spadice leviter immersi, ebracteati, primum 
»lbi, demum citrini. d Calyx minutus, 3-dentatus. PetaJa 3, calyce multo 
longiora, coriacea, valvata. Stamina 6, filamenta brevia, basi connata ; 
antherae oblongae. Ovarii rudimentum colnmnare. ^ Calyx tripartitns, 
lobi triangulares, valvati. Corolla calyce triplo longior, tubus brevis, lobi 
triangulares, acuti, valvati. Ovarium globosum, stigmata 3, patentia, 
subcarnosa. Pacca globosa, 18 mm. diametiens, nitido-coccinea; spadix 
fruct ; gera flavescens. Albumen aequabile, corneum; embryo supra basin 
dorsalis. — C. H. Weight. 

The graceful Palm of which a figure is here given is a 
native of Colombia and is most nearly allied to Morenia 
Poeppigiana, Mart., a native of Peru, which differs in 
having broader sigmoid leaflets and alternately longer and 
shorter filaments. The genus Morenia includes some six 
species, all Andine. It is very closely related to the genus 
Chamaedorea, "VVilld., but is readily distinguished in having 
a three-toothed in place of an annular or patelliform calyx 
in the male flower. One of the species, M. fragrans, 
Ruiz & Pav., has already been figured at t. 5492 of this 
work ; this species, owing to its specific name, has at times 
been confused with the very different Chamaedorea fragrans, 
Mart., a palm with bilobate leaves. Two other species of 
Morenia, M. corallocarpa, Hort., and M. Lindeniana, Wend!., 
have also been in cultivation ; a sixth species, M. integrifolia, 
Trail, distinguished from the others by its simply forked 
leaves, is not yet known in collections. The Kew plant of 
M. corallina, which has been in cultivation for many years 

December, 1913. 

and the origin of which is now unknown, thrives well in the 
Aroid house in a mixture of rich loamy soil and sand, and 
requires abundance of moisture both in the air and at the 
roots throughout the year. From this plant was obtained 
the material for our plate. 

Description.— Palm with an erect, slender annulate 
green stem 12-20 ft. high. Leaves few, 6-7 ft. lon£>;, 
gracefully arched, pale green ; petiole 1£ ft. long ; leaflets 
about 24 on each side of the rachis, 2 ft. long, 2-2£ in. 
wide, lanceolate, straight, unequally acuminate. Inflores- 
cence dioecious ; spathes 4, membranous, the lowest shortly 
tubular with an unequally truncate mouth, the three upper 
fusiform ; flowers slightly sunk in the spadix, ebracteate, 
at first white, at length pale yellow. Male : Calyx minute, 
3-toothed. Petals 3, much longer than the calyx, coriaceous, 
valvate. Stamens 6 ; filaments short, connate at the base ; 
anthers oblong. Rudimentary ovary columnar. Female: 
Calyx 3-partite, lobes triangular, valvate. Corolla thrice 
as long as calyx, shortly tubular below; lobes triangular, 
valvate. Ovary globose; stigmas 3, somewhat fleshy, 
spreading. Berry globose, f in. across, bright pink ; spadix 
yellowish in ripe fruit. Albumen equable, horny ; embryo 
dorsal, situated above the base. 

it, v£tL, £ S ?°. m feimIe Spadlx; 2 > a s ^gle female flower, the perianth 

entS ntfnt™ T'ti ' TV T "f*? ° f °V' 4 > Fecd 5 5 > sket <* of ** 

Tedu d f mlarf J ed >U* Mrth of natural size, the last much 



"YLneentBrooks T)ay ASor, 

LReeve AC London. 

Tab. 8528. 

Portugal and Spain to Liouria. 

Legscminosae. Tribe Genisteae. 
Genista, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Geti. Plant, vol. i. p. 482. 

Genista hispanica, Linn. Sp. Plant, p. 999 ; Cav. Peon. vol. m. p. 6, t. 211 ; 
J acq. Icon. t. 557; Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1738; Gren. et Godr. Fl. France,, 
vol. i. p. 356: Bicknell, Fl. PL Riviera, t. xii. fig. B; Rouy et Fouc. Fl. 
France, vol. iv. p. 225; Re>chb. Icon. t. MMLXXXV. fig. i. ii.; Spach in Ann. 
Sc. Nat. ser. iii. vol. ii. p. 271; Aschers. et Graeb. Syn. Mitt. Eur. Fl. vol vi. 
pars ii. p. 245 ; a G. gibraltarka, DC., cui aftinis, inflorescentia brevioro 
densiore, carina dorso superne pubescente facile distinguenda. 

Su/frutex ercctus vel suberectus; ramuli steriles pinnato- vel decomposito- 
spinosi, plerumque penduli vel subpenduli, ad 6 cm. longi, virides, pilis 
longis hie illic instructi ; ramuli floriferi tantum folia evoluta gerentes, vel 
e rami's infra ramulos steriles vel e ramulis sterilibus orti, ad 8 cm. longi, 
pilis longis albis adpressis instructi. Folia simplicia, anguste oblongo- 
lanceolata vel oblongo-oblanceolata, apice acuta vel subacuta, basi cuneata, 
ad 10 mm. longa et 3 "75 mm. lata, pagina superiore glabra, infenore 
margineque pilis longis albis plus minusve deciduis instructa mtogra, 
nervis lateralibus subobscuris, vix petiolata. Racemi densi, subcapituli- 
formes circiter 2 cm. longi et diametro; bracteae parvae, ante anthcsin 
deefduae; pedicelli 4 mm. longi. Calyx viridis, bilabiatus, extra, ut 
pedicelli, pedunculi ramulique floriferi pubescens; tubus 1-5 mm. ongus; 
labium superum e lobis duobus deltoidcis obtusiusculis tubo subaoqui- 
longis inferum e lobis tribus lanceolatis obtusis mediano 2 mm. longo 
lateralibus paulo brevioribus constitutum. Corolla lutea ; vexillum ovato- 
rotundatum, circiter 8 mm. diametro, glabrum, ungui fere 2/5 mm. longo; 
alae 8 -5 mm. longae, 4 mm. latae, margine infenore basm versus pibs 
paucis albis instructae, ungui vix 2 mm. longo; carina 8 "5 mm longa, 
circiter 3 "5 mm. lata, dorso superne pilis paucis albis longis instruct.!, 
ungui 2-5 mm. longo. Stamina monadelpha. Ovarium 4 mm. altum, 
S longis albis tectum, pluriovulatum, stylo 5'5 mm. longo stigmate 
parvo capitate. Z^r^/rhomboideo-oblongum, ad 9 mm. longum et 
f mm. Mum, fusco-brunneum, prime pilis longis V™"*™*™™* 
glabrum; semina subellipsoidea, brn^ea,. ^^ *^JS§£; 
Spartium hispanicum, Spreng. Syst. vol. m. p. 177. Cyhsushispanicus, 
Vukot. in Rad. Jugos Akad. Zagreb, vol. xxxi. p. 100.-W. G. Cbaib. 

The Genista here figured has long been a favourite garden 
shrub in southern England. Though named G hispanica, 
it is not confined to the Iberian peninsula but extends from 
Portugal to Liguria in North-Western Italy Its nearest 
allies are G. gibraltarka, DC, and G. decipiens, Spach ; from 
the former it is distinguished by the shorter and denser 

Peobmbeb, 1913. 

inflorescence, from the latter by the subequal petals. G. 
hispanica thrives best in a moderate, rather than rich soil, 
and in a sunny position, and is an admirable plant for the 
Kock Garden, or a sunny terrace only suited for dwarf 
plants. Few shrubs, even in May, can produce a more 
brilliant display. In shady positions or too rich a soil, 
our plant makes soft, sappy growths which do not flower 
freely and are apt to be winter-killed. It is increased by 
August cuttings under a cloche, or by seeds. The material 
for our plate came from a plant cultivated out of doors at Kew. 

Description. — Undershrub, erect or suberect; sterile 
twigs pinnately or decompoundly spinescent, often pendulous 
or nearly so, up to 1\ in. long, green and beset here and 
there with long hairs ; flowering twigs alone bearing fully 
developed leaves, springing either from the main stem 
below the sterile twigs or from the sterile twigs themselves, 
about 3 in. long, beset with long white adpressed hairs. 
Leaves simple, narrowly oblong-lanceolate or oblong- 
oblanceolate, acute or subacute, base cuneate, § in. long, \ in. 
wide, glabrous above, below and on the margin beset with 
more or less deciduous long white hairs, entire, lateral 
neryes indistinct ; netiole obsolete. Racemes dense, almost 
capitate, about § in. long and wide; bracts small, early 
deciduous; pedicels \ in. long. Calyx green, 2-lipped, 
pubescent outside, as are the pedicels, peduncles and 
flowering twigs; tube under T L in. long; upper lip with 
two deltoid rather blunt teeth about as long as the tube ; 
lower lip with three lanceolate teeth, the lateral rather 
shorter than the central. Corolla yellow ; standard rounded- 
ovate, about I in. wide, glabrous, claw T V in. long; wings 
over J in. long, J in. wide, the lower margin towards the 
base with a few white hairs, claw under T ^ in. long; keel 
over £ in. long, under -Jt in. wide, with a few white hairs on 
the back towards the tip. Stamens monadelphous. Ovary 
1 in. long, many-ovuled, clothed with long white hairs; 
style nearly £ in. long, stigma small, capitate. Pod rhom- 
boid-oblong, over J in. long, £ in. wide, dark brown, at 
first beset with a few long hairs but soon glabrous ; seeds 
almost ellipsoid, brown, somewhat shining, T ^ in. long. 

Fig 1 a leaf; 2 a flower, the corolla removed; 3, standard: 4, wing-petal; 
5, keel-petal; 6, pistil:— a« enlarged. "^ 


A rv/\ 


L.Reeve&C "London 

"Vincent Droo^ 

Tab. 8520. 
RHODODENDRON nigropunctatol 


Ericaceae. Tribe Ehodoeeae. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 

Rhododendron nigropunctatum, Bur. et Franch. in Morot, Journ. de Bot. 
vol. xxxiv. (1891), p. 95; Hems!, in Kew Bull. 1910, p. 118; affiiiis 
B. intricato, Franch., sed corymbis 1-2-fl >ris, calycis lobis longioribus, 
antheris et sty] is longe exsertis differ fc. 

Frutex parvus densissime ramosus ; rami graeiles, nigro-squamosi ; ramuli 
juniores foliati, breves, squamis aureis in^tructis. Folia persistentia, 
elliptica vel obovata, apice obtusa vel rotundata, basi subcuneata, cum 
petiolo 0*5-1 cm. longa, 3-6 mm. lata, crassa, utrinque densissime lepidota. 
Ferulae ciliatae, exteriores suborbiculares, interiores oblanceolatae, extra 
superne lepidotae. Corymbi terminates, 1-2-flbri. Flores subsessiles, pallide 
purpurei, 2 cm. diametro. Calycis lobi oblongi, apice rotundati, ad 2 mm. 
longi, superne parce ciliati, extra lepidoti. Corollae tubus brevis, intus 
superne villosus ; lobi subaequales, ovati, apice rotundati, patentes, glabri. 
Stamina 9-11 ; filamenta basin versus albo-villosa ; antherae longe 
exsertae, fulvae, vix 2 mm. longae. Ovarium dense lepidotum; stylus 
filamentis aequilongus, glaber, stigmate incrassato. — J. Hutchinson. 

The almost pygmy Rhododendron here figured is one 
that occurs on grass lands on the mountains of Szechuan in 
Western China at elevations of from 10,000 to 15,000 ft., 
where it was collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson on behalf of 
Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons. It had, however, already been 
met with by French travellers and was first described from 
their specimens. The plant from which our figure was 
made was obtained from Messrs. Veitch in 1910, and although 
then eight years old was still only some ten inches in height. 
It is very closely allied to another Chinese species, E. 
intricatum, Franch., of which a figure has been given at 
t. 8163 of this work. There are, however, several differ- 
ences which serve to separate the two species, and of these 
the more obvious are the longer calyx-lobes and the 
further exserted anthers and stigma of E. nigropunctatum. 
Being one of the dwarfest and neatest of Rhododendrons, 
E. nigropunctatum is a charming plant for a moist nook 
in the Rock Garden. It requires a peaty sandy soil, and 
can be propagated by means of cuttings placed in gentle 
heat in August. 

December, 1913. 

Description .— Shruh, very dwarf, 8-10 in. high, with a 
neat rounded crown ; branches slender, and with black 
scales; younger twigs leafy, short, with golden scales. 
Leaves persistent, elliptic or obovate, obtuse or rounded, 
base somewhat cuneate, including the petal £-§ in. long, 
iri i n - w ^e, thick, densely covered with scales on both 
surfaces. Bud-scales ciliate, the outer suborbicular, the 
inner oblanceolate, scaly outside on the upper portion. 
Corymbs terminal, 1-2 -flowered. Flowers subsessile, § in. 
across. Calyx covered with scales outside ; lobes oblong 
with rounded tips, very short, sparingly ciliate upwards. 
Corolla pale purple ; tube short, sparingly hairy upwards 
on the inner side ; lobes subequal, ovate, rounded at the 
tip, spreading, glabrous. Stamens 9-11 ; filaments white- 
pubescent near the base; anthers far exserted, tawny, 
barely 1 lin. long. Ovary densely clothed with scales; 
style about as long as the filaments, glabrous: stijnna 
thickened. fe rt 

rt „i FiR,1 ^i alcaf; % Ieaf " scale s; 3, calyx and pistil; 4, longitudinal section of 
calyx and ovary; 5, corolla, laid open; 6 and 7, stamens:— u*/ enlarged. 




&.C London 

Tab. 8530. 

DERRIS oligospermia. 

New Guinea to New South Wales. 

Leguminosak. Tribe Dalbergibae. 
Derris, Lour. ; Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 549. 

Derris (§ Brachypterum) oligosperma, K. Schum. et Lauterb. Fl. Deutsr/,. 
Sudsee, p. 361; ab afflni D. scandente, Benth., alis basi truncatis glabns 

Liana lignosa, ultra 15-metralis, basi vix 4 cm. diarnetro (ex r Sprague) .; rarauli 

teretes, juventuteferrugineo-pubescentes. Foha 14-17-5cm. longa pet olo 

3-5^ cm. longo raraulis rhachidibus petiolulisque pubescente suffulta , 

stipulae parvae, densiuscule ferrugineo-pubescentes ; rhachis superne 

Pi-aecipue canaliculata; foliola 5-6-juga, elliptico-oyata ad oblongo-obovata 

Vel terminal ellipfcico-obovata, apice param retusa, mucronulate bam 

inferiora oblique subtruncata, superiora cuneatavel late cuneata d-b 6 cm. 

longa 1-9-4 cm. lata, chartacea, supra costa nervisque excepts glabre- 

• scentia, minute reticulata, infra pallidiora, costa nervisque densius ceterum 

Sarse pubescentia, nervis lateralis utrinsecus 5-7 snpra conspicms 

subtus prominulis petioluli 2-3 mm. longi. Bamni ax.llares, circiter 

12 cm l?ngi, pedunculo vix 2-5 cm. longo suffulti, nodis conspicms flores 

4-G vel usque P ad 9 gerentibus; pedicelli f d 7 mm longiapicem versus 

bracteolis duabus vix 1-5 mm. longis instruct! G alyx I 5 mm Jongus, 

truncatns, obsolete 3-dentatus, margine mvoluto, ^t ra m ^ er ^ c o- 

nubescens intus sdaber. Vexillum subrotundatum, 8 5 mm. longuui, 

WSr^nvXto, g ungu 2 mm. longo suffultum ; alae obloogac basi 

rmfcSe 7 5mm. longae, 3 5 mm. latae, ungui 2-5 mm. loimc ^glabrae, 

carinae medio leviter adbaerentes ; carina 7 mm. ^'J 5mm. Ufc^ 

obtusa, superne pilis panels breviuscul.s ferrugineis ™*™j£ un ui 

' 2-75 mm. fongO. Discus 8-lobatus. Ovarwm compre s mn 7 mn - abiu 

ndpnsao pubescens, stylo glabro, stigmate , parvo ca] itato "J™*£J" 

4-fi cm lomrus et 1 cm. latus, latere altcro anguste alatus aaprcsso 

^ug^eo^Scl.-/). mJU auct. pluri "tra^x ^ 

scandens, Roxb. D. involuta, Spragnc in Gard CI jron J-^yg^ 

p. 3. Wistaria involuta, Sprague in Gard. Cbron. 1904, vol. xxxvi. p. i«- 

W. G. Cbaib. 

The subject of our illustration is a powerful woody ever- 
green climber which has been in cu tivattou in the 
Temperate House at Kew for over a quarter of » «ntar£ 
and has now attained large dimensions. The ^seed Iron 
whicb it was raised came from the Richmond River in JNew 
South Wales, and when for the first time it flowered I in 
1904 it was, from its flowers alone described U . e J" 
Wistaria. When fruits became aval able j**-*"* £ 
be a member of the Brachypterum section ot Dtrtf, and to 

December, 1913. 

belong to the species which has been accepted by most 
authors dealing with the vegetation of Australia as 
D. scandens. But while this is the case it is certainly 
quite different from the true D. scandens of India and Indo- 
China, and in Australia, where it is met with as a littoral 
species from Clarence River in New South Wales to the 
extreme north of Queensland and is known as the Climbing 
Derris or the Fish-poison Pod, it is the representative 
of D. scandens. This south-eastern representative of 
D. scandens is not, however, confined to Australia ; it 
extends beyond the Torres Straits northwards to New 
Guinea, and it was upon New Guinea specimens that its 
claim to specific rank was first established. The material 
for our plate has been obtained from the Kew plant which 
has in most years since 1904 produced a few inflorescences. 
This shyness in flowering, probably due to an insufficiency 
of strong sunshine, militates against the horticultural value 
of the species in this country, though doubtless under tropical 
conditions it would prove a rival to its near ally, D. scandens, 
which when loaded with its racemes of rather smaller white 
flower is a remarkably striking object. D. oligosperma, 
like D. scandens, is a species very easily grown, being the 
reverse of fastidious as regards soil, and being readily 
propagated from cuttings of the ripened wood when seed 
is not available. 

Description.— Shrub ; stems woody, climbing, over 50 ft. 
long, at the base under 2 in. thick ; twigs terete, at first 
rusty-pubescent. Leaves 5|-6 in. long; petiole 1| in. long, 
pubescent like the twigs, rachis, and petiolules; stipules 
small, closely rusty-pubescent; rachis canaliculate, particu- 
larly towards the distal end ; leaflets 5-6-paired, elliptic- 
ovate or oblong-obovate or the terminal elliptic-obovate, 
somewhat retuse at the tip, mucronulate, the lower ones 
obliquely subtruncate, the upper ones cuneate or wide- 
cuneate, l\-2^ in. long, f-l£ in. wide, chartaceous, glabrous 
above except on the midrib and nerves, finely reticulate, 
paler beneath, and there densely hairy on the nerves 
sparsely so between ; lateral nerves 5-7 on each side, 
visible above, raised beneath, petiolules ^-\ in. long. 
Racemes axillary, about 5 in. long, peduncle in flower 
hardly 1 in. long, longer in fruit, nodes prominent, each 

usually 4-6-, occasionally 9 -flowered ; pedicels over | in. 
long, 'with towards the tips two small bracteoles. Calyx 
i in. long, truncate, obscurely 3-toothed, margin involute, 
rusty-pubescent externally, glabrous within. Standard 
nearly orbicular, -J- in. long, margin involute, claw T V in. 
lon°\ Wing-petals oblong, truncate at the base, and under 
-\ in. long, T V in. wide, claw T V in- long, quite glabrous, 
externally slightly adherent to the keel-petals. Keel over 
1 in long, I in. wide, obtuse with a few. short rusty hairs 
towards the apex, claw T \ in. long. Disk 8-lobed. Ovary 
compressed, over { in. long, adpressed-pubescent ; style 
glabrous; stigma small, capitate. Pod about If in. long, 
J in. wide, narrowly winged along one side, adpressed 
rusty-pubescent. __ 

Fie 1 a bud; % a flower, the corolla removed; 3, standard; 4 a wing- 
petal; 5, 'keel-petals ; 6, pistil ; 7, fruit :-all enlarged except 7, which ts of natural 


K.S.dffLXNPitnh luh 

L Reeve & C. Louden. 

Tab. 8531. 

CIRRHOPETALUM Mastersianum. 


Orchidaceae. Tribe Epidendreae. 
Cirrhopetalum, Lindl; Benth. et Hook. f. Oen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 504. 

Cirrhopetalum Mastersianum, Rolfe in Lindenia TOl. j£.J». 33, t. 255; 
Coan&Gooss Diet. lc Orch. Cirrhopet.t.3; species distmcta a C. gamo- 
sepal'o, Griff Tscapis longioribus, floribus majoribus, petahs et sepalo postico 
minutissime ciliatis differt. 

& I SSKS^; bractfae lineari-lanceolatae, acutae, 6-7 m 
S XTmediocre S> lutei,brunneo- S uffusi. ^a: posticum ell.ptico- 
ovatam subacXn, va de concavum, circiter 6 mm. ongum, margme 
? S-Vi^ato lateralia fere ad apicem connata, lineari-oblonga,emargmata, 
*Tt£f A ISTcm. lata, basi subattenuata. Petala falcato-obloiiga, 
3-d 5 cm. longa, x x mareine minute oil ata. LabeUnm reenrvum, 


The attractive Orchid here figured was first i"*"**** 
from the Netherlands East Indies by Messrs. Linden of 
Brie "with whom it flowered in June, 1890, when it was 
d Sbed and figured in Lindenia; it was named m eomp ; 
ment to the late Dr. Masters, then editor of the txardeners 
Chronicle The exaet habitat of C. Mastersianum .has .not 
Uiromcie ii e the maJorlty G f the 

^Z%t*TA, a lu,n, and while it is in some 

respects comparable with d g^M** -S* 
different in colour, and has I he c»' ae 0I f £ Wch our 
the dorsal sepal very minute Ihe ^™ ivei at 
illustration has been prepared is one J n "*J^. in 190S . 
Kewfrom the Royal Botanic Garden Glas nev n 
C. M«stersiamm » » epec-ee ™»£5 yjSLh 
it thrives well in a mixture of equal pwh"^ ^ 

fibre and sphagnum m • J ^* "^H ll0 use. It is 

December, 1913. 

Description.— Herb, epiphytic ; pseudobulbs ovoid, faintly 
angled, 1-leafed \-\\ in. long, elothed at the base with ovate, 
membranous sheaths. Leaves oblong, subobtuse, rather 
narrowed to the base, leathery, 4-5 in. long, about 1 in. 
wide, bcapes slender, from the bases of the pseudobulbs 
suberect or curved, 5-6 in. long; umbels 6-8-flowered \ 
bracts linear-lanceolate, acute, about ± in. long. Flowers 
medium-sized, yellow flushed with umber brown. Sepals: 
posterior elhptic-ovate, subacute, very concave, about 
i in long with shortly ciliate margin; lateral connate 
almost to the apex, linear-oblong, emarginate, U-U in 

£ n , g # r, Ut * K' Wlde ' somew bat narrowed to the base. 
petals falcate-oblong, acute, 3-nerved, £ in. long, margin 
finely cihate. Lip recurved, fleshy, linear-oblonV U-U 
m. long margin entire. Column stout, ^ in. lon| ; teeth 
triangular, acute, very short. & 

^^,ti^^^^xpr i ' 2 - a ^ 


To Vol. IX. of the Fourth Series, or Vol. CXX£IX. 
of the whole Work. 

8512 Agathis vitiensis. 

I 8483 Magnolia salicifolia. 

8481 Agave Haynaldii. 

8527 Morenia corallina. 

8501 „ Warelliana. 

8519 Nautilocalyx pallidus. 

8522 Alocasia Micholitziana. 

8500 Osbeckia stellata. 

8484 Aloe Marlothii. 

8502 Podachaenium eminens. 

8499 Amelanchier oligocarpa. 

8486 Prunus pennsylvanica. 

8475 Amorphophallus corrugatus. 

8488 Pyrus ioensis. 

8476 Aster Purdomii. 

8497 Rhododendron Augustinii. 

8514 Catasetum microglossum. 

8518 ,, haematocheilum 

8508 Centaurea crassifolia. 

8529 „ nigropunctatum. 

8474 Clerodendron Bakeri. 

8523 „ setosum. 

8531 Cirrhopetalum Mastersia- 

8478 „ sublanceolatum. 


8492 „ Wightii. 

8490 Cistus Loreti x . 

8513 Rosa foliolosa. 

8489 Cocculus trilobus. 

8473 „ sertata. 

8477 Coelogyne crista ta. 

8485 Ruellia Harveyana. 

8525 Coriaria terminalis. 

8487 Sansevieria aethiopica. 

8505 Crotalaria agatiflora. 

8496 Saxifraga Stribrnyi. 

8504 Cunonia capensis. 

8520 Schizophragma bydrange 

8482 Cytisus x Dallimorei. 


8479 „ nigricans. 

8503 Sedum pilosum. 

8509 „ supranubius. 

8524 Senecio Kirkii. 

8495 Dendrobium Schuetzei. 

8472 „ stenocephalias. 

8530 Derris oligosperma. 

8511 Solenostemon Godefroyae. 

8493 Deutzia longifolia. 

8507 Stanhopea convoluta. 

8528 Genista hispania. 

8517 n grandiflora. 

8510 Grevillea bipinnatifida. 

8521 Streptocarpus cyaneus. 

8480 Heliotropium anchusaefo- 

8526 ,, orientalis. 


8494 Strongylodon pseudoluci 

8498 Hypericum aureum. 


8491 „ Kalniianum. 

8516 Utricularia longifolia. 

8515 Iris mellita. 

8506 Vinca difformis.