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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CtlETIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 

ILLUSTRATING AND DESCRIBING 

plants; of tin ftopal Botanic Gartens! of Heft, 

AND OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS; 

EDITED BY 

SIR WILLIAM TURNER THISELTON-DYER, LL.D., Sc.D., 

K.C.M.G., CLE., F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 
LATE DIRECTOR, ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, KEW. 



VOL. II. 

OF THE FOURTH SERIES. 

(Or Vol. CXXXIJ.ofthe Whole Work.) 




Now, did I not so near my labours end, 
Strike sail, and hastening- to the harbour tend, 
My eone to flowery g-nrdens rnifrht extend — 
To teach the vegetable arts, to sing 
The Pa'stum roses, and their double spring. 
The late narcissus, and the winding trail 
Of bear's-foot, myrtles green, and ivy pale. 

Dbyden's Virgil. 



LONDON : 
LOYELL EEEYE & CO., LTD., 

Puhlishers to the Home, Colonial, and Indian Government*. 

6, HENRIETTA STREET, COYENT GARDEN 
1906. 

[All rights reserved."] 



MOi I^V>1 KJt^Xl 

i9oa 



I.OM DO* 

r«i5i»D bt giliiet *>t> MWW 

n. jo«»'» »or»i, cuuiituL, «.c. 



To 
HENEY NICHOLAS KIDLEY, M.A., F.L.S. 

DIRECTOR, BOTANIC GARDENS, SINGAPORE, 

WHO 

WITH UNTIRING GENEROSITY 

HAS 

SURPASSED ALL RECENT CONTRIBUTORS 

IN ENRICHING THE KEW COLLECTIONS 

WITH 

RARE AND NOVEL PLANTS. 



8052 




M.'J.del.J.'N.fcit.ch.lUh.. 



"Vine ent Brooks,!) ay&Son-LtS tig; 



L. Reeve &.C? Lozuicm 



Tab. 8052. 

ASPARAGUS Spbbngebi. 
Natal. 

Liliace*. Tribe Asparage^i. 

Aspaka&us, Linn.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 765; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. 594. 



A. Sprengeri, Regel in Acta Horti Petrop. vol. xi. p. 302, et in Gartenfl. 
1890, p. 490, fig. 80; Baker in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Gap. vol. vi. p. 271 ; 
A. falcato, Linn., proximtis, phyllocladiis linearibus et bracteolis lan- 
ceolatis acuminatis differt. 

Frutex scandena. Caulis teres, sulcatus, ramosissimug. Foliorum aculei 
1-2 lin. longi, decurvi. Phyllocladia solitaria vel 2-4-natim aggregata, 
plana, linearia, recta vel leviter curvata, glabra, apice pungentia, ad 1J 
poll, longa, et 1 lin. lata. Flores racemosi, 3 lin. diam. ; racemi solitarii 
vel geminati, 1£ poll, longi ; pedicelli medio articulati ; bracteas lanceolataB, 
acuminata^, pedicellis diraidio breviores. Ferianthium dilute carneum ; 
segmenta obovato-oblonga, interiora apice denticulata. Filamenta 
complanata, perianthii segmentis dimidio breviora ; anthers ovales, 
aurantiacas. Ovarium oblongum, basi constrictum. — A. sethiopicus, var. 
femifolius, Baker in Saunders, Refug. Bot. t. 261. A. ternifolius, Hook. f. 
in Bot. Mag. t. 7728. 



An opportunity has here been taken of depicting the 
fruiting state of a plant, whose flowers were represented in 
t. 7728 under the name of A. ternifolius, Hook, f., a plant 
which is of as great decorative value when in fruit as in 
flower. It was first described by Regel from plants im- 
ported from Natal by Messrs. Dammann & Co., of Naples, 
from whom the Kew plant was originally obtained. It 
was also found in Natal by Mr. Thomas Cooper, who sent 
plants to the late Mr. Wilson Saunders, in whose collection 
it flowered. 

This species has been confused with A.falcatus, Linn., 
and A. sethiopicus, Linn. The former is a much more 
robust plant, which at Kew attains a height of thirty feet, 
while A. Sprengeri rarely exceeds four feet ; its phyllocladia 
also are broader and more rigid. From the latter it is 
distinguished by its usually less numerous phyllocladia 
and larger flowers with shorter filaments. The Indian 
A. gonocladus, Baker, is also closely allied, but its inner 
perianth-segments are not denticulate at the apex. 

Descr. — A climbing shrub. Stem terete, sulcate, much- 
January 1st, 1906, 



branched. Leaf- spines one to two lines long, decurved. 
Phyllocladia solitary, or in clusters of two to four, flat, 
linear, sometimes slightly curved, glabrous, pungent at 
the apex, an inch to an inch and a quarter long, about a 
twelfth of an inch wide. Flowers a quarter of an inch in 
diameter, in solitary or geminate racemes about an inch 
and a half long ; pedicels articulated near the middle ; 
bracts half as long as the pedicels, lanceolate, acuminate. 
Perianth-segments obovate-oblong, the inner denticulate at 
the apex, pale pink. Filaments flattened, about half as 
long as the perianth-segments ; anthers oval, orange- 
colour. Ovary oblong, constricted below. Fruit globose, 
3 lin. in diam., crimson. — C. H. Weight. 



Fig. 1, portion of stem bearing three racemes ; 2, a node, showing the 
insertion of the phyllocladia and racemes ; 3, fruit : — all enlarged. 




M.S.aal.JU.pach.lnh.. 



Lfieeve &.C?Iondan 



VmcentBrooks.Day&Sonit?'!^ 



Tab. 8053. 
CYNORCHIS compacta. 
Natal. 



Orchidace*. Tribe Ophryde^e. 
Cynorchis, Thouars ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 628. 



Cynorchis compacta, Reichb.f. in Flora, 1888, p. 149 ; species distinctissima, 
ab affinibus floribus albis rubro-punctatis differt. 

Herba terrestri?, tuberifera. Tubera ovoidea vel fusiformia, subterranea, \-\ 
poll, longa. Caulis validus, brevis, v nionophyllus, basi vaginis laxis 
obtectus. Folia ovato-oblonga, ssepissime breviter acuminata, suberecta, 
me mbranacea, circa 2-3 poll, longa. Scapus solitarius, erectuB, 4-7 poll, 
alt us ; racemus multiflorus. Ftores albi, labelli disco roseo-punctato. 
Bractese lanceolatse vel ovato-lanceolatse, acuminata?, 2-6 lin. longae. 
JPedicelli 4-9 lin. longi. Sepalum posticum erectum, ovatum, obtnsum, 
2 lin. longum ; sepala lateralia patentia, obliqua, ovata, obtusa, 2J lin. 
longa. Petala ovato-oblonga, obtusa, subobliqua, 2 lin. longa. Labellum 
patenB, trilobum, 4-5 lin. longurn, lobis orbiculari-obovatis crenulatis ; 
discus obscure bilamellatus ; calcar clavatum, arcuatum, 1| lin. longum. 
Golumna brevissima. 



Cynorchis is a small, exclusively African genus nearly 
allied to Habenaria, but separated by common consent on 
account of the broad, more or less concave or galeate 
rostellum. About thirty species are known, the majority 
being from the Mascarene Islands, seven others Tropical 
African, while the present is the only known representative 
in extra- tropical South Africa. Four have already been 
figured in this Magazine, namely, G. lowiana, Reichb. f. 
(t. 7551), at that time thought to be synonymous with 
G. purpurascens, Thouars ; G. grandiflora, Ridl. (t. 7564) ; 
C. villosa, Rolfe (t. 7845), remarkable for its very hairy 
flowers ; and C. purpurascens, Thouars (t. 7852). These 
species are very diverse in appearance, and several of the 
others have much smaller flowers. Unlike Habenaria, the 
predominating colour of the flowers is purple, in which 
respect the present species is exceptional. 

0. compacta j Reichb. f., was originally discovered by 
Mr. John Sanderson, in Natal, about the year 1869, and a 
drawing was sent to Kew, from which the species was 
ultimately described. In 1895 it was rediscovered by Mr. 
J. M. Wood, on rocks near Emberton, at about 2000 feet 

January 1st, 1906. 



altitude. The plants figured were presented by Messrs. 
Sander & Sons, St. Albans, in 1S99, and they flower 
annually in a cool orchid house, from February to about 
April, the flowers lasting about two months. Grouped in 
pans, this little terrestrial orchid is very pretty. 

Descr. — A dwarf terrestrial herb, bearing ovoid or 
fusiform subterranean tubers from about half to an inch 
long. Stems very short, rather stout, bearing one fully 
developed leaf, and one or two loose tubular sheaths, the 
upper having occasionally a short, free limb. Leaf ovate- 
oblong, usually shortly acuminate, suberect, membrana- 
ceous, about two to three inches long. Scape solitary, 
erect, four to seven inches high ; raceme many-flowered. 
Flowers white, disc of the lip spotted with red. Bracts 
lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, two to six lines 
long. Pedicels four to nine lines long. Dorsal sepal 
erect, ovate, obtuse, two lines long ; lateral sepals spread- 
ing, oblique, ovate, obtuse, two and a half lines long. 
Petals oyate-oblong, obtuse, slightly oblique, two lines 
long. Lip spreading, three-lobed, four to five lines long ; 
lobes oboyately orbicular, somewhat crenulate ; disc bear- 
ing a pair of longitudinal thin ridges; spur clavate, 
somewhat curved, a line and a half long. Column very 
short. — R. A. Eolfe. 



Fig. 1, flower; 2 and 3, column seen from the side and front; 4, a 
pollinium i— all much enlarged. 



:\ 




M.S.del.J.N.Fuch.lah. 



L.Keeve &_C° Lan 



Vincent Brooks,Day-&. SaaLt^-Imp 



Tab. 8054. 
oxalis adenophylla. 

Chili. 

Gebaniace^;. Tribe Oxalide*. 
Oxalis, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 276. 



Oxalis adenopbylla, Gill, in IIuolc. Bot. Misc. vol. iii. (1833) p. 165; Gay Fl. 
Chil. vol. i. (1845) p. 458 ; species ex afiinitate 0. enneaphyllse, Cav. sed 
caudice bulbiformi non rhizomatoso et floribus roseis diversa. 

Ilerba caule brevissimo. Bulbua 1-1 §■ poll, diam., extus squamis lineari- 
lanceolatis glabris intns foliorum basi bus persistentibus longe-ciliatis com- 
positus. Folia glabra ; fnliola 12-22, snbsessilia, obcordata, basi atterm- 
ata, lobis glaucis laxe cellulosis carnosis ; petiolus 2-5 poll, longus ; petiolali 
brevisBimi, incrassati, leviter pilosi, nigro-violacei. Pedunculi petiolis 
aequilongi, 2-3 flori, 2-bracteolati. Flores heterostyli, l|-2 poll. diam. 
Sepala lanceolata, subacuta, ciliata, fere 3 lin. longa. Petala obovato- 
obcordata, patula, intense rosea, basi purpurea, circa 1 poll, longa. 
Stamina 10, quorum 5 longiora stylos superantia, approximata, omnium 
filamentis basi incrassatis coalitis. Styli 5, stamina breviora exceden- 
tia, stigmatibus capitatis. Capsula oblonga. — O. Bustillosii, Phil, in 
Linnaea, vol. xxviii. (1856) p. 614. 



0. adenophylla is closely allied to 0. enneaphylla 
(B M. t. 6256) from Fuegia and the Falkland Islands. It 
differs mainly in the bulb-like rootstock, which in the 
latter is a horizontal rhizome. 

In Keiche's Flora of Chili (1896), where eighty-eight 
species of Oxalis are enumerated, the genus is divided into 
two sections, Palmatifolia and Trifolia. The two species 
in question belong to the Palmatifolia group, which 
comprises only two others, namely, 0. laciniata and 
0. squamoso-radicosa. 

The specific appellation, gland-leaved, evidently refers to 
the dark-coloured petiolules, which, however, are non- 
secretive. 0. adenophylla , like some other members of the 
genus, possesses heterostyled flowers, one form, that here 
figured, having mid-styled flowers ; but both long and 
short-styled flowers have been observed. 

The plant from which the drawing was made was 
presented to Kew in 1902 by Mr. H. J.Elwes, F.B.S., who 
collected it in Chili, near San Martin, at an elevation of 
over six thousand feet, growing by rivulets above the tree 
line. 

Januart 1st, 1906. 



It requires the same treatment as 0. enneaphylla, and 
will no doubt prove equally suited to cultivation in the 
rockery. For the present the precaution is taken of 
wintering it in a cold frame. 

Descr. — An acaulescent herb. Bulb one to one and a 
half inches across, composed externally of linear-lanceolate 
glabrous scales, and internally of the persistent bases of 
the petioles bearing long bristles. Leaves glabrous, with 
twelve to twenty-two subsessile, obcordate leaflets, at- 
tenuate at the base ; lobes slightly fleshy, and glaucous ; 
petiole two to five inches long ; petiolule short, thickened, 
slightly hairy, and of a deep violet colour. Peduncles two- 
to three-flowered, bearing two bracteoles, of the same 
length as the petioles. Flowers heterostyled, one and a 
half to two inches across. Sepals lanceolate, subacute, 
ciliate, nearly three lines long. Petals obovate-obcordate, 
spreading, deep rose-coloured, with a purple base, about 
one inch long. Stamens ten, alternately long and short, 
erect. Stigmas capitate. Capsule oblong. — L. Faemae. 



.*??' }* 1 ^ a ^f t ' an( ^ Pet™ 111168 ; 2, flower with petals removed ; 3, Btamena and 
pistil ; 4, pistil : — all enlarged. 



805c 




MS.del, J.N.Fitch hth 



L. Reeve &C 9 tendon.. 



Vinceri Brooks, D<y,kSor..LtSlrap 



Tab. 8055. 
COLCHICUM CROCIFLORUM. 
Turkestan. 

Liliace*. Tribe Colchiceje. 

Colchicum:, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 821 ; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 423. 



Colchicum crociflorum, Kegel in Acta Sort. Petrop. vol. vii. p. 385, nee 
Sims, nee ScJiott et Kotschy ; Oartenfi. 1881, p. 33, t. 1035, figg. 1 et 2, 
a G. luteo, Baker, foliis hysteranthiis et periauthii coloi*e differt. 

Gormus ovoideo-oblongus, 2 poll, longns, 10 lin. diam , siccitate calcarius, 
tunici8 castaneis. Folia linearia, obtusa, minute denticulata. Flores 
2-4 fasciculatim dispositi. Perianthii tubus 3-4 poll, longus, cylindricus, 
apice leviter dilatatus, albus; lobi oblongi, obtusi, 1 poll, longi, 3-4 lin. 
lati, albi, extua late purpureo-striati. Filamenta brevia, ad sinum 
antheraB affixa ; antherae erectae, lineares, basi sagittataa, lutese. Styli 3, 
quam stamina paullo longiores. — Synsiphon crociflorus, Regel iu Acta 
Hort. Petrop. vol. vi. p. 491 ; Benth. et Hook. 1 Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 821. 



Regel originally described this plant as generically 
distinct from Colchicum, on the ground that the styles 
were united. On the receipt of better material Eegel 
found this not to be the case, and reduced his genus 
Synsiphon to Colchicum. The present species, however, is 
the most distinct in the genus. Owing to the great 
superficial resemblance of Colchicum to Crocus, it is not 
surprising that three species of the former have been 
named crociflorum. Of these, one described by Sims 
(B. M. t. 2673) is a form of C. autumnale, Linn., 
another described by Schott & Kotschy, is reduced to 
G. montanum, Linn., while the present plant, although the 
last described, is the one for which the name crociflorum 
must be retained. 

Most species of Colchicum have the perianth either 
uniformly coloured or chequered outside, but in this case 
the pure white ground of each lobe is relieved by the 
broad central band of pink, which gradually becomes dark 
purple. 

The plant figured flowered in the Alpine House at Kew 
in January, 1905, and was raised from corms imported 
from Kokan by Mr. 0. G. Van Tubergen, jun., of Haar- 
lem. 

January 1st, 1906. 



Descr. — Corm ovoid-oblong, two inches long, ten lines in 
diameter, chalk-like when dry ; tunics chestnut-colour. 
Leaves very short at time of flowering, afterwards linear, 
obtuse, minutely denticulate. Flowers from two to three 
from each corm. Perianth-tube three to four inches long, 
cylindrical, slightly dilated at the apex, white ; lobes 
oblong, obtuse, one inch long, three to four lines wide, 
white with a central band of purple outside. Filaments 
short, inserted in the basal sinus of the anther ; anthers 
erect, linear, sagittate at the base, yellow. Styles 3, a 
little longer than the stamens. — C. H. Weight. 



Figs. 1-2, stamens; 3, upper part of one style; 4, corm :— 1-3, enlarged ; 
4, natural size. 



6056 




M. S. del J.H .Fitchit}i_ 



YincanlBroalra ,Day &.Scmi£lmp 



h. Reeve & C? Loruian. 



Tab. 8056. 

WITTMAOKIA lingulata. 

West Indies. 

BuomeliacEjE. Tribe Bromelie.e. 
Wittmackia, Mez in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. iii. III. p. 275. 



Wittxnackia lingulata, Mez I.e. et in DC. Monogr. Than. vol. ix. p. 140; a 
speciebus reliquis floribus longioribus differt. 

Folia circa 10, rosulatim disposita, rigida, lorata, apice rotundata, breviter 
cuspidata, circa 2 ped. longa, 2^ poll, lata ; aculei breves, basi dilatati, 
atri, 3 lirj. inter Be distantes. Scapus primum floccosus, demum 
glabrescens ; vaginas lanceolatse, integral vel paucidentatas, circa If poll, 
longse ; bractese lanceolataa, membranaceaa ; panicula pinnatim ramosa; 
flores numerosi, sessiles. Sepala alba, ovata, aristata. Petala ovata, e 
basi oblonga, lutea. Stamina interiora ad petala afiixa, iisque multo 
breviora; filamenta prope apicem antheranim mucronatorum affixa. 
Ovarium glabrum, subcylindricum. — Bromelia lingulata, Linn. Sp. PI. 
ed. 1, p. 285; Mill. Gard. Diet. ed. 8, n. 2 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. ii. 
p. 201. Hoplophytum lingulatum, Beer, Bromel. p. 139. GhevalHera 
lingulata, Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. p. 591. JEehmea lingulata, Baker in 
Jo urn. Bot. 1879, p. 164, et Handb. Bromel. p. 45, partim. Bromelia 
ramosa vel racemosa, foliis arundinaceis serratis, Plum. Nov. Gen. PI. 
p. 46, t. 8 (1703). B. foliis serratis spinosis, etc., Burm. PL Amer. Plum, 
p. 53, t. 64, fig. 1 (1755). 



This plant was described as long ago as 1703 by 
Plumier (I.e.) as an American plant, and in 1759 Philip 
Miller enumerated it in the 7th edition of his Dictionary 
as in cultivation, having been received by him from St. 
Christopher's (now St. Kitt's). It appears never to have 
become commonly cultivated, and has rarely been sent 
home by collectors, although Grisebach states that it grows 
in several of the West Indian islands. The plant figured 
was grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, and 
communicated by Mr. F. W. Moore, A.L.S. 

From the above cited synonmy it will be seen that this 
species has been placed in several different genera ; that 
in which it is now included differs from Mchmea in its 
petals being destitute of ligules, and from Hohenbergia in 
the ovules being umbonate or obtuse, not caudate, at the 
apex. Besides the present plant, three species have been 
described, viz. — W. odora, Mez, W. Qlaziovii, and W. 
patentissima, Mez, all of which are natives of Brazil, while 
the first named extends into Guiana and the West Indies. 
W. odora was cultivated at Glasgow by Sir W. Hooker. 

Januabi 1st, 1906. 



There are wild specimens in the Kew Herbarium from 
Trinidad, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Martinique, and St. 
Thomas, and it is described as growing on trees, and in 
fissures of rocks. 

Descr. — Leaves about ten in a rosette, firm, lorate, 
rounded, shortly cuspidate, about two feet long, two 
inches and a half wide ; spines short, broad-based, black, 
about three lines apart. Scape floccose when young, glab- 
rescent in age ; sheaths lanceolate, entire, or sparingly 
toothed, about an inch and three-quarters long ; bracts 
lanceolate, membranous ; panicle pmnately branched ; 
flowers numerous, sessile. Sepals white, ovate, bearing 
an awn nearly one line long. Petals ovate from an 
oblong base, yellow. Stamens much shorter than the 
petals ; filaments inserted near the apex of the mucronate 
anthers, the three inner adnate to the petals. Ovary 
glabrous, subcylindric. — C. H. Wright. 



Fig. 1, a flower ; 2, petal ; 3, stamen ; 4, stamen showing the insertion of 
the filament ; 5, style-arms ; 6, inflorescence : — 1-5, enlarged ; 6, one-third 
natural size. 



8057 




M.S. delJ."N. Fitch li.lh 



Vincent HrooVis,Daj& Sonjjta-Imp 



T. Hsbv© ck. C? London. 



Tab. 8057. 
EULOPHIA nuda. 

India and China. 

Okciiidacejc. Tribe Vande^e. 

Eulophia, S. Br.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 535; Rolfe in 
Thiselton-Dyer Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. vii. p. 47. 



Eulophia nuda, Lindl. Gen. & &p, Orch. p. 180; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 
vol. vi. p. 5 ; inter species asiaticaa sectionis Gyrtopens labello subintegro 
distincta. 

Herba terrestris rhizomate tuberifero. Tabera depresso-globosa, angulata, 
1^-3 poll, lata, approximata. Surculi 2-3-phylli, basi vaginis imbricati. 
Folia lanceolata vel elliptico-lanceolata, acuminata, plicata, basi angus- 
tata, petiolata; limbus 4-12 poll, longus, ^-2| poll.latus; petiolus 4-9 
poll, longus ; vaginae lanceolata3, acuminata, striata?, |-4 poll, longa?. 
Scapi erecti, in axillis vaginarum orti, 1-2 ped. alti, basi vaginis 
lanceolatis obtecti ; racemi laxi, multiflori. JBractese lineari-lanceolatee, 
acuminatae, |-1^ poll, longas. Pedicelli 1-1£ poll, longi. Flores speciosi, 
purpurei, pallide rosei vel subvirides ; labelli discus aureus. Sepala 
erecta, oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, 1-1^ poll, loaga. Petala incurva, cum 
columna galeam formantia, elliptico-oblonga, obtusa vel apiculata, f-1 
poll, longa. Labellum subintegrum, recurvum, obtusum, undulatum, 
petalis longios ; calcar conicum, acutum vel subobtusum, 3-9 lin. longum. 
Columna clavata, arcuata, 5-7 lin. longa, apice bicornuta, basi in pedem 
producta. — Eulophia bicolor, Dalz. in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. vol. iii. 
p. 343. Cyrtoperafusca, Wight Ic. 1. 1690; G. plicata, Lindl. Gen. & Sp. 
Orch. p. 190. G. nuda, Reichb. f. in Flora, 1872, p. 274. G. mysorensis, 
Lindl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. iii. p. 32. 



Eulophia nuda, Lindl., is a widely diffused and very 
variable orchid, if all the above-named forms are correctly 
referred to a single species, as was done by Sir Joseph 
Hooker in the " Flora of British India." It ranges from 
ISepal to Ceylon and Burma, and thence to the province of 
Yunnan, in Western China, and the differences of colour 
are remarkable, from rose-purple to delicate pink and 
very pale green. It was assumed, when the example here 
figured first flowered, that the Burmese and Chinese plant 
could be separated from the Indian, on account of its 
longer spur, but one Burmese example (that coloured 
yellow-greenish on the plate) is as short as in the Indian 
forms, and as both show the same range of variation in 
colour, it seems best to regard them as belonging to a 
single polymorphic species. 

The forms here figured are selected from plants pre- 
sented to Kew in 1902 by H. H. Hildebrand, Esq., C.I.E., 
late Superintendent of the S. Shan States of Upper 

Fxbbua&i 1st, 190t>. 



Burma. They flowered in a warm house in April and 
May, 1905, and showed various shades of colour between 
the extremes represented on the plate. 

The genus, which is now held to include Gyrtopera, 
Lindl., is widely diffused through the tropics, and is 
nearly allied to Lissochilus, but the species are generally 
less showy, and are not much cultivated. Six others, 
however, have been figured in the Botanical Magazine, 
namely: — E virens, Lindl. (t. 5579), E. macrostachya, 
Lindl. (t. 6246), E. sanguined, Hook. f. (Gyrtopera san- 
guined, Lindl., t. 6161), E. euglossa, Reichb. f. (t. 5561), 
E. Zeyheri, Eeichb. f. & Sond. (t. 7330), and E. Woodfordii, 
Rolfe (Gyrtopodium Woodfordii, Sims, t. 1814). 

Descr. — A terrestrial herb, with thickened tuber-bearing 
rhizomes, the tubers depressed-globose, and somewhat 
angled. Shoots bearing two or three leaves, surrounded 
by several tubular protecting sheaths, having a lanceolate, 
acute apex. Leaves lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, plicate, narrowed at the base into the petiole ; 
blade from about four to over twelve inches long, half to 
two and a half inches broad, bright green ; petioles four 
to nine inches long. Scape appearing from the lower 
sheath together with the leaves, one to about two feet 
high, with several lanceolate spathaceous sheaths towards 
the base ; racemes lax, many -flowered. Bracts linear-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, half to one and a quarter inches long. 
Pedicels an inch to an inch and a half long. Flowers very 
variable in colour, ranging from rose-purple to pink, and 
even yellow-green. Sepals erect, oblong-lanceolate, acute, 
an inch to an inch and a quarter long. Petals incurved, 
forming with the column a hood over the tip, elliptic- 
oblong, obtuse or apiculate, three-quarters to an inch long. 
Lip nearly entire, recurved, obtuse, and somewhat undu- 
late, longer than the petals; disc bearing several dwarf 
linear keels ; spur conical, acute, or somewhat obtuse, from 
a quarter to nearly three-quarters of an inch. Column 
clavate, and somewhat curved, about half an inch long ; 
anther-case two-horned at the apex, base produced into a 
foot. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, flower with the greater part of the segments removed; 2, anther 
case ; 3, pollinarium ; 4, whole plant ; 5, pink-flowered form ; 6, green- 
flowered form : — £, much reduced ; the rest enlarged. 




M.S.delJ.'N.FitcklitK 



L Rj?eve 8c C^ Loavdon. 



Vincent Bro oksDay&Son U d Imp 



Tab. 8058. 
SAXIFRAGA scakdica. 
Balkan Peninsula. 

Saxifragace^. Tribe Saxifrages. 
Saxifraga, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 635. 



Saxifraga scardica, Griseb. Spicil. Fl. Rumel. vol. i. p. 332 ; Engel. Monogr. 
Saxifraga, p. 261 ; HaUcsy, Consp. Fl. Grsec. vol. i. p. 598 ; W. I. in The 
Garden, 1904, p. 323; ab affini S. rocheliana, Sternb., foliis oblongis 
magis minusve acutis recedit. 

Plant a caaspitosa, caudiculis densissime foliatis. Folia basalia patula, 
oblonga, acuta vel subacuta, $— J poll, longa, rigida, supra leviter con- 
cava, foveolis intramarginalibus 5-15, subtus convexa, siccitate carinata, 
margine cartilagineo, usque ad vel ultra medium ciliata. Gaules floriferi 
evecti vel ascendentes, nsque ad 3 poll, longi, 1-11-flori, glanduloso- 
pilosi, floribus corymbosis. Folia caulina sparsa, oblouga, basin versus 
angustata, acuta vel apiculata. Calyx prsesertim infra medium glandu- 
losc-pilosus ; lobi ovati, acutiusculi vel obtusi, 1^ lin. longi. Petala 
obovata, basi cuneata, A\ lin. longa, irregulariter 5-7-venia. Filamenta 
stylos paullo superantia. — Saxifraga Sartorii, Heldr. in Boiss. Fl. Or. 
Suppl. p. 248. 

The plants figured were purchased from F. Sundermann 
of Lindau im Bodensee, Bavaria, and flowered in the 
Alpine House at Kew in March of last year. F. scardica 
is also grown in the Rock Garden, where it is quite hardy, 
and flowers freely during March and April. It may be 
expected to supersede, to some extent, the well-known 
S. burseriana, L., in popular favour, as it is more showy, 
and stands damp weather better. F. scardica, as cultivated 
at Kew, has obtuse sepals and less acute leaves than the 
type, and in these respects approaches S. rocheliana, 
Sternb., which may be distinguished from its allies by its 
spathulate leaves. We have little hesitation, however, in 
retaining the Kew plant under S. scardica, since Halacsy 
has recently extended the limits of that species by in- 
cluding in it S. Sartorii, Heldr,, which has obtuse sepals 
and relatively broad leaves. If we accept Halacsy's views, 
the distribution of the species is as follows : — Mt. Scardus 
(Shar Dagh), Albania, Mts. Olympus and Ossa, Thessaly, 
Mt. Delphi, Eubcea, Mt. Parnassus, Phocis, and a purpler 
flowered variety (var. erythrantha, Halacsy) on Mt. Kyllene, 
Achaia. 

The little pits inside the margin on the upper surface of 

February 1st, 1906. 



the leaves in 8. scardica and many other Saxifrages are 
pores for the excretion of water. The passage of water is 
rendered possible by the pits being lined with a tissue of 
very thin-walled cells. The water excreted contains car- 
bonate of lime, which is left behind by evaporation, and 
forms a white scale covering the pit. In dry weather the 
scale closes tightly down over the pit, and acts as a 
stopper, preventing the drying-up of the leaf, while in wet 
weather it is loosened, and readily admits of the passage of 
water underneath it. 

Descr. — A tufted plant. Leaves crowded on the vegeta- 
tive stems, rather spreading, oblong, acute or subacute, a 
quarter to half an inch long, rigid, slightly concave above, 
convex below, keeled in the dried state, ciliate up to or 
beyond the middle, upper surface with a row of five to 
fifteen pits inside the cartilaginous margin. Flowering 
stems erect or ascending, the largest three inches long, 
one- to eleven-flowered, clothed with gland-tipped hairs. 
Gauline leaves oblong, narrowed towards the base, acute or 
apiculate. Calyx glandular-hairy, especially the lower 
half; lobes ovate, obtuse, or rather acute, one and a half 
lines long. Petals obovate, wedge-shaped at the base, 
four and a half lines long, irregularly five- to seven-veined. 
Filaments slightly exceeding the styles. — T. A. Sprague. 

Fig. 1, leaf; 2, calyx and pistil; 3, anther -.—all enlarged. 




M.S del J.-NPitcKTrih 



Vincent Brooks ,D ay &.San Ll^Imp 



I. Reeve &C° London. 



Tab. 8059. 
iris s1eheana. 

Asia Minor. 



Ibidem. Tribe Moe^e^:. 
Iris, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.'f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 686. 



Iris sieheana, Lynch in Oard. Ohron. 1904., vol. i. p. 282 ; The Garden, 
1905, vol. lxvii. p. 192 ; I. persiem proxima, foliis rigidioribus et periantbii 
colore differt. 

Bulbus ovoideua, 6 lin. diam., tanicis brunneis. Folia circa 6, e basi 6 lin. 
lata ad apicem attenuata, 3| poll, longa, rigida, marginibus iucurvis 
albis cartilagineis. Scayus brevis, uniflorus ; spathse \\ poll, longae; 
floreB 2| poll. diam. Perianthii tubus tenuis, 1 poll, longus; segmenta 
exteriora snbpanduriformia, 2 poll, longa, grisea, rubro-purpureo striata, 
apice rubro-pnrpurea, crista lutea albo-mavginata purpureo-maculata ; 
segmenta interiora oblanceolata, 9 lin. longa, 3 lin. lata, grisea, rubro- 
purpureo striata. Styli rami erecti ; cristse suborbiculares, 7 lin. diam. — 
I. Haussknechtii, Siebe in Gard. Chron. 1901, vol. i. p. 313, non Bornm.; 
I. persica, var. magna, Siebe, I.e. 



Apart from colour, there is very little to separate this 
plant from Iris persica, Linn. (Bot. Mag. t. 1), which, 
however, has the inner perianth-segments toothed. The 
peculiar colour of the flowers of the present plant is 
difficult of definition, and has been compared with that of 
the soil on which the plant grows. It is produced by a 
silvery-grey ground being covered with a large number 
of fine, closely-placed, reddish lines. This species was 
introduced from Asia Minor by Mr. W. Siehe about 1901, 
and distributed as i. Haussknechtii, a name which had 
been previously given by Bornmuller to a plant belonging 
to the section Apogon. At Kew this species commences 
flowering in a south border in February, and produces a 
succession of flowers for several weeks. 

Of the various species, besides I. persica, figured in the 
present work belonging to the section Juno (characterized 
by the small spreading inner perianth-segments), the 
present approaches nearest to /. rosenbachiana, Kegel 
(t. 7135), which differs in having broader leaves and 
larger, acute crests. The latter is found in Turkestan, at 
an elevation of from 6,000 to 9,000 feet. This section 
occurs chiefly in Asia Minor and Western Asia, but one 
species, I. Aitchisoni, Boiss., is found in Afghanistan and 

February 1st, 1906. 



the Punjab, and another, I. alata, Poir. (Bot. Reg. t. 1876), 
as far west as Portugal and Algeria. 

Descr. — Bulb ovoid, six lines in diameter, tunics brown. 
Leaves about six, three inches and a half long, gradually 
tapering from a base six lines wide, rigid, margins in- 
curved, white and cartilaginous. Scape short, one-flowered ; 
spathes an inch and a quarter long; flowers two inches 
and a half in diameter. Perianth-tube slender, an inch 
long; outer segments almost pandurate, two inches long, 
silvery-grey, closely striped with reddish-purple, apex 
entirely reddish-purple ; crest yellow, on a white ground 
spotted with purple ; inner segments oblanceolate, three- 
quarters of an inch long, and a quarter of an inch wide, 
silvery-grey, closely striped with reddish-purple. Style- 
arms erect; crests suborbicular, about two-thirds of an 
inch in diameter. — C. H. Wright. 



Figs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, part of a style-arm -.—all enlarged. 



8060 




K.S. a»V.N.Fitchifli. 



N&ncontHrooVs.DatjrA-Stm-L-tAIrejJ 



L.Eeeve &.G?Lcmdcuv. 



Tap,. 8060. 

LONICERA PILEATA. 

Central and Western China. 

Caprifoijace.e. Tribe Loniceii^:. 
Lonicera, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 5. 



Lonicera (§ Isika) pileata, Oliver in Hook. Ic. PI. t. 1585; Eehder in Rep. 
Missouri Bot. Garcl., 1903, p. 76; a L. ligustrina, Wall., differt imprimis 
foliis obtusioribus minoribus. 

Frutex ramosissimus, circa 1 ped. altus, ramis ramulisque horizontalibus 
tenuibus teretibus puberulis. Folia disticha, brevissime petiolata, oblongo- 
lanceolata, obtnsa, glabra, sempervirentia, supra intense viridia, subtus 
pallidiora, ^-1 poll, longa, 3-5 lin. lata. Flores geminati. Pedunculi 
$ lin. longi. Bractese herbace®, lanceolato-subulatas, basi plicis duabus 
instructse, 1 lin. longse ; bracteolas cupulatim connatre, ovaria includentes 
glandulosaa. Calycis dentes breves, obtusi, marginibus glaudulosis ; 
tubus superne duobns annulis cinctus in vaginam reversam supra bracteo- 
larum cupulam calyptratim productus. Corolla pallide fiava, extus 
pilosa ; limbus subsequalis, patens, quam tubus gibbosus dimidio brevior; 
lobi ovato-rotundati. Stamina exserta, filatnentis subsequalibus pilosis. 
Stylus staminibus sequilongus, pilosus. Ovaria glabra inter Be libera. — 
L. ligustrina, var. pileata, Franchet in Journ. de Bot. x. p. 317. 



This Lonicera belongs to Render's sub-section, Pileatse, 
which comprises two other species, viz. the Chinese 
L. gynochlamydea, Hemsl., and the Indian L. ligustrina, 
Wall. They are readily distinguished from all other 
members of the genus by a peculiar downward cap-like 
production of the calyx over the connate bractebles. 

L. pileata is singular among cultivated Honeysuckles in 
having evergreen foliage, and in its habit, which is dwarf 
and spreading like that of Gotoneaster horizontalis. 

The plant from which the figure was drawn was pre- 
sented to Kew in 1902 by Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, 
who raised it from seed collected by Mr. E. H. Wilson. 

It is quite hardy, and flowers appear in April. 

The variety yunnanensis of Render differs only in the 
very small, suborbicular to broadly ovate, rather thick 
leaves. 

Descr. — A much-branched, low, horizontally spreading, 
evergreen shrub, about one foot high. Branches slender, 
terete, puberulous. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 
glabrous, dark green above, pale beneath, half to one inch 

Febkuaby 1st, 1906. 



long, three to five lines broad, shortly petioled. Flowers 
in pairs, almost sessile. Bracts herbaceous, lanceolate- 
subulate, one line long, with two basal folds. Calyx 
encircled by two rings, with a cap-like downward pro- 
duction at the base ; teeth short, obtuse, glandular on 
the margins. Corolla pale yellow, pilose outside ; limb 
almost equal, spreading, about half as long as the 
gibbous tube ; lobes ovate-rotundate. Stamens exceed- 
ing the corolla, about as long as the style ; stamens and 
style pilose. Ovaries glabrous, free from each other. — 
L. Pabmae. 

Fig. 1, a pair of flowers ; 2, the same, from which the corollas and bracteolar 
cupule have been removed ; 3, bracteolar cupule ; -i and 5, front and back of 
anther ; 6, longitudinal section of ovary : — all enlarged. 



8061 




doiJ.N.HtAliai. 



Vinoeri BrooJcDayatSonL-t^ImF 



X. Reeve &.C ? LoiuiarL 



Tab. 8061. 

PRUNUS TRILORA. 

T 

China. 

Rosacea. Tribe Pruneje. 
Prunus, L. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 609. 



Primus triloba, Lindl. in Gard. Chron. (1857), p. 268; Fortune in Gard. 
Chron (I860), p. 170 ; Lemaire in 111. Hort. (1861), t. 308 ; Maximowicz 
in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1879), p. 15 et Mel. Biol. xi. p. 665 ; ^P.persica 
imprimis putamine leevi vel obscure rugoso distincta. 

Frutex vel arbuscula ante folia evoluta florens. Rami vel elongati, virgati, 
cortice brunneo tecti, glabri, rarius apice primum pilosuli, vel admodum 
abbreviati, foliorum fasciculos gerentes. Folia obovata, ovata vel ellip- 
tico-lanceolata, raro subtrilobata, apice acuta vel acuminata, basi acuta, 
simpliciter vel duplo argute serrata, 1J-2 poll, longa, |-1 poll, lata, 
matura tenuia, primum in dorso (imprimis ad nervos) adpresse pilosa, 
srepe glabrescentia et demum fere glabra ; petioli graciles, circiter 3 lin. 
longi, stipulte subulate vel filiformes, ssepe bifidse, 2-3 lin. longge, per- 
sistentes. Flores solitarii e gemmis propriis secundum ramos elongatos 
dissitis vel hincinde in glomerulos approximatis orti, pedicellati ; pedicelli 
ad 5 lin. longi vel primum brevissimi. Beceptaculum semiglobosum, 
extns glabrum. Sepala ovata, obtusa, fere 1 lin. longa, glabra nisi intus 
ad basin sericeo-pubescentia. Petala rosea, suborbicularia, brevissime 
tenuiterque unguiculata, 5-6 lin. longa. Stamina ultra 30. Ovarium 
albo-tomentosum ; stylus glaber, 3 lin. longus. Drwpa subglobosa, circiter 
7 lin. longa, 6 lin. diametro, uno latere obscure sulcata, tenuiter pubes- 
cens, aurea, rubro-suffusa, carne tenui subsicca facile a putamine soluta ; 
puta'men 5 lin. diametro, apiculatum, lseve vel obscure rugosum, ventre 
leviter sulcatum, charte scriptoria? crassitudine. — Amygdalus peduncu- 
lata, Bunge, Enum. PL Chin. bor. p. 22, non Pall. Amygdalopsis 
Lindleyi, Caniere in Eev. Hort. (1862), p. 91 cum icone, et in PI. des 
Serres (1863), t. 1532. Prunopsis Lindleyi, Andr. in Rev. Hort. (1883), 
p. 369. 

Prunus triloba lias been grown as an ornamental shrub 
in gardens in the North of China for a long time. 
According to Bretschneider, the Chinese name for it is 
yu-ye-mei, that is " elm-leaved Prunus," a very appropriate 
designation. It was introduced into Europe by Fortune 
from Shantung about the middle of the last century. 
Whether it has ever been observed in the wild state is 
doubtful. The specific name "triloba" is little appro- 
priate, as the lobing of the leaves is of a comparatively 
rare occurrence, and never very marked. 

Prunus triloba is perfectly hardy in England. At Kew, 
it flowers in March, whilst the leaves are not fully 
developed before May. So far it has not produced here 

February 1st, 1906. 



mature fruits. There is a single- and a double-flowered 
variety, and a sport producing flowers with several pistils, 
instead of only one, gave rise to the creation of a distinct 
genus, Amygdalopsis, Carriere. 

From Maximo wicz's observations it appears that it is 
also somewhat variable in the amount and persistence of 
the tomentum of the leaves, and in the shape and size of 
the fruits. This is, as far as the hairiness is concerned, 
certainly supported by the specimens in the Kew Her- 
barium. 

P. Petzoldii, Koch, seems to be a state of P. triloba, 
distinguished by a hard, bony, and more rugose stone, 
and, in this character, probably represents the wild stock. 
The plant figured here was raised at Kew from seed 
received in 1890 from Prof. Sargent, Arnold Arboretum, 
Harvard, who in turn had grown his specimens from seed 
communicated to him by Dr. Bretschn eider, then at 
Peking. The double-flowered form has long been cul- 
tivated at Kew on a south wall, where it is a striking 
object when in flower. The secret of this is to cut it in 
hard immediately the flowers have faded. 

Descr. — A shrub or small tree, flowering before the 
leaves. Branches of two kinds, either elongated, glabrous, 
rarely slightly pubescent at the tip, covered with a dark- 
brown bark, or very much shortened, and bearing ; 
fascicle of leaves. Leaves obovate, ovate, or elliptic-Ian 
ceolate, rarely slightly three-iobed, acute at both ends, or 
with acuminate tips, simply or doubly and sharply serrate, 
one to two inches long, three-quarters broad, rather thin 
when mature, adpressedly hairy, particularly on the nerves 
below, when young, usually soon glabrescent, and some- 
times ultimately almost entirely glabrous ; petioles slender, 
about a quarter of an inch long; stipules subulate or 
filiform, often bifid, about a quarter of an inch long, 
persistent. Flowers solitary, scattered along the elongated' 
branches, or here and there clustered, pedicelled ; pedicels 
very short, or lengthening out to nearly half an inch. Re- 
ceptacle semi-globose, glabrous outside. Sepals ovate, ob- 
tuse, almost 1 lin. long, glabrous. Petals pink, suborbicular, 
minutely clawed, about half an inch long. Stamens over 
30. Ovary covered with white tomentum ; style glabrous, 
about a quarter of an inch long. Drupe subglobose, about 



a 



half an inch long, slightly grooved on one side, finely 
pubescent, yellow, tinged with red, flesh easily separating 
from the stone, thin, scanty; stone apiculate, smooth or 
obscurely wrinkled, slightly grooved ventrally, shell not 
thicker than writing paper. — Otto Stapf. 

Pig. 1, flower, with the petals removed ; 2, pistil -.—both enlarged. 



8062 




MSdelJ.TSl.PiUih.1ilh. 



L Reeve &C? London. 



"ybu:&r.t Brooks.Day&.San Lt4lmp 



Tab. 8062. 
ARACHNANTHE annamensis. 

Annam. 

OrchidacEvE. Tribe Vandeje. 
Arachnanthe, Blume; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 572. 



Arachnanthe annamensis, Rolfe in Gard. Chron. 1905, vol. i. p. 391 ; aff. 
A. tnotckifetm, Blume, foliis longioribus, labelli lobiB lateralibus multo 
minoribus, lobo intermedio elongato facile distinguitur. 

Herba epipbytica, erecta, circa 1|- ped. alta, basi radices robuBtaa emittens. 
Folia disticba, patentia vel recurva, lineari-oblonjya, apice hrevissime 
bilobata,9-ll poll, longa, 1 poll, lata, coriacea. Jnjforescentia circa 1 ped. 
longa; racemus circa 6-florus. Bractese ovato-oblongse, obtusse, 5 lin. 
longEe. Pedicelli circiter 12-14 lin. longi. Fhres speciosi, rufo-brunnei, 
striia irregularibua flavia ornati, sepalis petalisque marginibua revolutis. 
Sepalum posticum spathulato-oblongum, aubobtusuni, circa 2| poll, 
lougum, apice 5 lin. latum ; sepala lateralia breviora, falcata, apicibua 
approximatis. Petala spathulato-oblonga, subobtusa, falcata, 1^ poll, 
longa, apice | poll. lata. Labellum mobile, 3-lobum, circa 10 lin. longum ; 
lobi lateralis triangulares, acuti, incurvi, 6 lin. longi, apicibua approxi- 
matis ; lobua intermedius carnosus, compreasus, carinatus, basi utrinque 
aiiricnlia oblongis instructus, apice inasqualiter bifurcatus, dente infero 
1 lin. longo supero subulato acuto 3 lin. longo ; crista erecta, oblonga, 
compresBa, 2 lin. longa, utrinque angulata. Columna lata, 5 lin. longa. 



This very striking novelty is a near ally of Arachnanthe 
rnoschifera, Blume, the musk-scented Spider-Orchid, which 
is very seldom seen in cultivation. It was introduced 
from Annam by Messrs. Sander & Sons, through their 
collector, W. Micholitz, and flowered at the Royal Botanic 
Garden, Glasnevin, in June, 1905. It is a member of a 
small genus, now estimated to contain about seven species, 
natives of the Malayan Archipelago, the adjacent peninsula, 
and the Himalayas, and characterized, among other things, 
by the possession of an articulated and mobile lip, in which 
respect it differs from RenantJiera. Three other species 
have been figured in this work, namely, A. Lown, Benth. 
(t. 5475) a Bornean plant remarkable for producing two 
kinds of flowers, of which the significance is still un- 
known; A. Cathcartii, Benth. (t. 5845), a Himalayan plant 
which is seldom met with in cultivation at the present 
day; and A. Glarkel, Rolfe (t. 7077), another Himalayan 
species which is also rarely seen. It may be added that 

March 1st, 19C6. 



the species were formerly referred to Vanda, under which 
the two former were figured. 

Descr. — A stout, erect plant, about eighteen inches high, 
producing stout roots below. Leaves distichous, recurved, 
linear-oblong, somewhat bilobed at the apex, coriaceous, 
nine to eleven inches long by an inch broad, bright green. 
Inflorescence over a foot long, six-flowered in the upper 
halt Bracts ovate-oblong, obtuse, nearly half an inch long. 
Pedicels about an inch long, suffused with light pink. 
Flowers large and handsome, ground colour bright red- 
brown, with numerous irregular, mostly transverse, yellow 
bands. Dorsal sepal subspathulate-oblong, subobtuse, 
over two and a quarter inches long by nearly half an 
inch broad at the apex; lateral pair similar, but rather 
shorter, strongly falcate and approximate at the apex. 
Petals spathulate-oblong, sub-obtuse, falcate, an inch and 
a half long by half an inch broad at the apex. Lip 
mobile, strongly three-lobed, about three-quarters of an 
inch long; side lobes triangular, acute, incurved, nearly 
meeting at the apex, over half an inch long ; front lobe 
fleshy, compressed and keeled, with an oblong auricle 
over a line long on either side of the base, bifurcate at the 
apex, the lower tooth short and fleshy, the upper subu- 
late, acute, suberect, quarter of an inch long ; crest 
consisting of an erect, oblong, dorsally-compressed callus, 
situated at the base of the front lobe, and terminating 
in a short, acute tooth at either angle. Column very 
stout,— R. A. Rolfe. 



«JT. V i oi!?'« ' ,V a ™ e ' Wlth one side lobe removed ; 3, column ; 4, anther- 
SE«. nhnfl' P°" ina " UD ?' seen from the hack and front; 7, whole plant 
(trom a photograph) : -fig. 7, much reduced, the rest enlarged. 



SOS'S 




■ S deI,JlI.PitchiOv 



L. Reeve &.C?Larvlcm. 



■vuicqntBroolcs.Dinr 8l C an Lt^ Imp 



Tab. 8063. 
eeica terminates. 

Southern Europe. 



Ericace*. Tribe Ericejf,. 
Ebica, Linn. ; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 590. 



Erica terminalis, Salisb. Prodr. Stirp. in Bort. Chap. Allert. Vig. (1796), 
p. 296 ; habitu foliis et inflorescentia E. aastrali sirnillima, sed sepalis 
anguste ovatis, corolla ellipsoideo-urceolari et antberarum cristis obsolete 
eerrulatis differt. 

Frutex usque ad 5 ped. altns ; ramuli erecti, stricti, rarius diffusi, dense foliati, 
janiores pubescentes. Folia ssepissime quaterna, patentia vel rare 
adscendentia, lineari-oblonga, 2|-4 lin. longa, vix acuta, subtus canalicu- 
lata, primum parce puberula, cito glabrescentia. Flores 4-20, rarius 
30-40, in apicibus ramulorum umbellatim dispoaiti. Pedicelli circiter 
2 lin. longi, pubernli, bracteolis 3 linearibus instrncti. Sepala anguste 
ovato-acuminata, 1 lin. longa. Corolla ellipsoideo-urceolaris, 2\ lin. 
longa, rosea, glabra, lobis £ lin. longis obtusis apice recurvis. Antherte 
inclusse, basi cristis divergentibus obsolete serrulatis instructs. Ovarium. 
subglobosum, pilis albis adpressis dense vestitum ; stylus inclusus vel 
breviter exsertus. — E. stricta, Donn, Hort. Cantab, ed. 1 (1796). p. 45, ex 
Willd. Sp. Plant, vol.ii. (1799), p. 366; Andr. Heatbs, t. 134, et Heathery, 
t. 92. E. pendula, Weadl. Bot. Beobacbt. p. 48, et Eric. Icou. vol. i. 
fasc. 10, p. 13, cum tab. col., non Lodd. E. multicaulis, Salisb. in Trans. 
Linn. Hoc. vol. vi. (1802), p. 369. E. Corsica, DC. El. Franc, vol. iii. 
p. 677, et Ic. Plant. Gall. Bar. p. 6, t. 17. E. ramulosa, Viv. Ann. Bot. 
vol. i. pars 2, p. 169, et Fl. Ital. Pragm. p. 4, t. 7, non Bartl. 



It is unfortunately necessary to substitute an almost 
forgotten name for that under which this Heath has long 
been familiar. Erica stricta, though first published in 1790, 
was a nomen nudum till 1799, when Willdenow, taking up 
the name from the first edition of " Donn's Hortus Canta- 
brigiensis," supplied a description. Salisbury, in 1802, 
regarded Donn's name as inapplicable, for he says of the 
material which he happens to have seen, " caules undique 
diffusi, nequaquam stricti," and called the plant E. multi- 
caulis. He had, however, in 1796, published a diagnosis of 
a species unmistakably identical with E. stricta, under the 
name of E. terminalis. A type specimen of this is pre- 
served in the Kew Herbarium, with a label in the hand- 
writing of Salisbury, who had crossed out " terminalis," 
and substituted " multicaulis," though the former was the 
earlier name. 

E. terminalis is a native of Corsica, Sardinia, Southern 

March 1st, 1906. 



Italy and Spain. A specimen in the Kew Herbarium from 
the ""North of Ireland, 1834, Dr. Lloyd," is referred to in 
the second edition of the " Cybele Hibernica " as being 
" either mislabelled, or gathered in a garden." It is 
correctly named. 

This Heath was at first thought to be a Cape species, 
and greenhouse treatment was recommended for it. 
Afterwards Portugal was given as its native country. 
It has been in cultivation at Kew for many years, is 
hardy, and flowers from July to September. As E. stricta, 
it was included in the second edition of Alton's " Hortus 
Kewensis," where it is stated that it was first introduced 
about the year 1765. 

Descr. — A shrub up to five feet high. Branches erect, 
straight, more rarely diffuse, densely leafy, the younger 
pubescent. Leaves usually in fours, spreading or rarely 
ascending, linear-oblong, a quarter to a third of an inch 
long, scarcely acute, channelled on the under side, at 
first sparingly pubescent, afterwards glabrescent. Flowers 
four to twenty, rarely thirty to forty, in umbel-like in- 
florescences at the ends of the branches. Pedicels about a 
sixth of an inch long, furnished with three linear bracteoles. 
Sepals narrowly ovate-acuminate, a twelfth of an inch 
long. Corolla ellipsoid-urceolate, barely a quarter of an 
inch long, rose-coloured, glabrous ; lobes very short, 
obtuse, recurved at the apex. Anthers included, furnished 
at the base with divergent, obsoletely serrulate crests. 
Ovary subglobose, densely pubescent. Style included or 
shortly exserted. — S. A. Skan. 



Pig. 1, portion of branch with leaves ; 2, flower; 8 and 4, anthers ; 5, pistil : 
— all enlarged. 



8064 




liS.dalJKEitchm. 



Mncent Bro oirs,Day ScSon. L^Imp 



LReeve 8c C°lorulccn_ 



Tab. 80G4. 

LONICERA TRAGOPHYLLA. 
China. 

Caprifomace.e. Tribe Losicehe^. 
Loxicera, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 5. 



Lonicera tragophylla, Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Hoc. vol. xxiii. p. 367 ; Belider 
in Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. vol. xiv. (1903), p. 193, et in Sargent, Trees 
& Shrubs, p. 91, t. 46; Gard. Chron. 1904, vol. ii. p. 151, cum fig.; 
L. stabiantB, Pasquale, proxima, floribus multo majoribus et corollas tubo 
intus pubescente differt. 

Frutex scandens, fere nndique glaber. Caules teretes, leves, ramulis floriferia 
gracilibus 6-9 poll, longis. Folia, paribus supremis connatis rotandatis 
vel deltoideiB exceptis, breviter petiolata vel sessilia, papyracea, oblonga, 
21-4 poll, longa, f-l£ poll, lata, rotundata, obtusa vel acuta, iutegra, 
supra viridia, subtus glauca et secus costam pubescentia, interdum pur- 
pureo-marginata et -costata. Flores 10-20 in capitula breviter pedunculata 
ramulos terminantia aggregati. Calycis dente3 minuti, persistentes. 
Corolla 2-3 poll, longa, vivide aurantiaca vel lutea, labio postico extra 
inconspicue rubro-lineato; tubus angustus, curvatas, limbo circiter triplo 
longior, extra glaber, intus pubescens ; limbus bilabiatus, labio postico 
erecto vel apice paulum reflexo breviter 4-lobato, antico anguste oblongo 
iDcurvato. Stamina e tubo longe exserta, glabra. Stylus stamina sequans 
vel paulum superans. Baccx coccineae, subglobosas. 



This handsome Honeysuckle, originally described from 
material sent to Kew by Dr. Henry, has been brought 
into cultivation by Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, having 
been sent to them from China by their collector, Mr. 
E. H. Wilson. It flowered for the first time in this 
country at the Coombe Wood Nursery in ly04. The 
specimen figured, which flowered in June, 1905, was 
supplied by Messrs. Veitch, who have informed us that 
the plant is quite hardy at Coombe Wood, and a very 
rapid grower. 

Mr. Wilson found this Lonicera fairly common in 
Hupeb, climbing over bushes on mountain sides at altitudes 
of between 4,000 and 7,500 feet. He ascertained that it is 
known to the Chinese as the Ta-chin-yin-hua (Great Gold 
and Silver Flower). Specimens have been collected in 
Szechuen by Farges and Rosthorn, and in Kansu by 
Potanin. 

Geographically it is peculiarly isolated. According to 
Render it is the only representative of the subsection 

March lvr, 1906. 



Eucaprifolia in Central or Eastern Asia, and its nearest 
ally is the Italian L. staliana, which, however, is very 
closely related to L. Caprifolium, a species extending from 
France to the Caucasus and Asia Minor. L. tragophylla is 
the largest-flowered species of the subgenus Periclymenum, 
and Mr. Wilson regards it as the most showy of all the 
Chinese species. 

Descr. — A scandent, nearly glabrous shrub. Stems 
round, smooth ; flowering branches slender, six to nine 
inches long. Leaves shortly stalked or sessile, papery, 
oblong, two and a half to four inches long, three-quarters 
to one and a third inches broad, rotundate, obtuse or 
acute, entire, glaucous below, and pubescent along the 
midrib ; one to three of the uppermost pairs connate, 
rounded or deltoid. Flowers ten to twenty, in shortly 
stalked heads terminating the branches. Calyx-teeth 
minute, persistent. Corolla bright orange-coloured or 
yellow, faintly streaked with red on the back of the upper 
lip, two to three inches long ; tube slender, curved, about 
three times as long as the limb, glabrous outside, pubescent 
inside. Limb two-lipped ; upper lip erect or somewhat 
reflexed at the apex, shortly four-lobed ; lower lip narrowly 
oblong, incurved. Stamens exserted, glabrous. Style as 
long as or slightly longer than the stamens, glabrous. 
Berries scarlet, subglobose. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig- 1» young fruits, showing calyx-teeth and style ; 2, corolla laid open :— 
enlarged. 



8065 




It.S&el, J.NJitiihTith. 



Vtnoent Brooks b ay &.S an. LtAlmji 



L RfievE &-C? London. 



Tab. 8065. 

POLYGALA APOPETALA. 
Lower California. 

PqLYGALACEjE. 

Polygala, Linn.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 136; Chodat, 
Monographia Polygalacearum, pars ii. 



Polygala (§ Hebeclada) apopetala, T. S. Brandegee in Proc. Calif. Acad. 
iSci., ser. 2, vol. ii. p. 130 ; and in Zoe, vol. i. p. 4 ; Chodat in Engl. & 
Prantl, Pflanzenfam. vol. iii. pars 4, p. 332; Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hortic. 
p. 1391 ; ab affini P. floribunda, Benth., arillo multo minora, ovario 
subsessili recedit. 

Frutex vel arbuscula, 2-15 ped. alta, ramis rectis gracilibus minute appresse 
cinereo-pubescentibua. Folia satis remota, alterna, lanceolata, obtusa, 
minute apiculata, in petioluai 1-2 lin. longum attenuata, l|-3 poll, longa, 
5-14 lin. lata, integra, glabrescentia, venis venulisque inconspicuis. 
Bacemi usque ad 8 poll, longi, bracteis subulatis caducissimis, pedicellis 
gracilibus 4-6 lin. longis. Sepala exteriora 3, cymbiformia, 2 lin. longa, 
dense albo-ciliata, quorum 2 antica fere ad apicem in unum connata ; 
alse petaloideas, suborbiculares, 6 lin. diametro, minute ciliatae. Petala 
postica ligularia, 5 lin. longa, extrorse revoluta, ut lateralia et carina, 
basi cam tubo staminali connata ; lateralia ovata, obtusiuscnla, vix \ lin. 
longa ; carina unguiculata, late cymbiformis, ecristata, exappendiculata, 
6 lin. longa. Stamina 8, tubo filamentorum ad margines posticos ciliato, 
partibus liberis glabris; antherse oblongse, f lin. longae. Ovarium 
glabrum, subsessile, basi disco circumdatum, stylo apice recurvo, triente 
superiore postice barbato, stigmate terminali. Capsula elliptica, latior 
quam longa. Semina ovoidea, paullo compressa, pubescentia, arillo 
xninato, vix lobato. 



P. apopetala is the only species of Polygala that is 
known to attain the dimensions of a tree. It was first 
discovered in 1889 at Comundu, Lower California, by Mr. 
T. S. Brandegee, who describes the locality as follows : — 
" Comundu is a settlement nine miles in length, along a 
little brook in a narrow cailon, three to five hundred feet 
high, with its steep slopes crested by a line of perpendicular 
cliffs. It was at the base of these cliffs that the interesting 
Lopezia clavata and Polygala apopetala were found." In 
the following year Mr. Brandegee found that P. apopetala 
was "abundant in the Sierra de Laguna, a range of 
mountains near Todos Santos in Lower California, that 
reach an altitude of nearly 5,000 feet. In the canons at 
the base of the range this handsome species acquires its 
greatest development, and becomes a small tree, having a 
trunk and spreading top, and equalling in height the 
March 1st, 1906. 



surrounding' Acacias and Lysilomas. The finest example 
seen was fifteen feet high or more, with the ends of the 
branches terminated by racemes of flowers in full bloom. 
.... It is found growing as a bush about the high 
altitudes of the mountains, and during my visit withstood 
slight frosts, proving that it is somewhat hardy, and 
would grow in a more northern climate, and perhaps be 
capable of becoming an ornament to the gardens of San 
Francisco." 

Our plate was prepared from specimens communicated 
by Sir Thomas Hanbury, K.C.V.O., La Mortola, Venti- 
miglia, in July, 1905. At La Mortola, P. apopetala is a 
shrub, three to five feet in height. 

Descr. — A shrub or small tree, two to fifteen feet nigh. 
Branches straight, slender, minutely appressed-pubescent. 
Leaves alternate, lanceolate, obtuse, minutely apiculate, 
attenuate into the petiole, one and a half to three 
inches long, half to one and a quarter inches broad, 
entire, glabrescent ; veins inconspicuous. Racemes eight 
inches long or less ; bracts subulate, very caducous ; 
pedicels slender, one-third to half an inch long. Outer 
sepals three, the two anticous ones connate nearly to the 
apex, boat-shaped, a sixth of an inch long, densely ciliate ; 
wings petaloid, suborbicular, half an inch in diameter, 
minutely ciliate. Petals adnate to the staminal tube at 
the base, the posticous ones strap-shaped, nearly half an 
inch long, revolute ; lateral petals ovate, obtuse, scarcely 
a twenty-fourth of an inch long ; keel clawed, broadly 
boat-shaped, half an inch long, not crested nor appen- 
daged. Staminal tube ciliate on the posticous margins, 
the free part of the filaments glabrous ; anthers oblong. 
Ovary glabrous, subsessile ; style recurved at the apex, 
the upper third bearded on the inner side; stigma ter- 
minal. Capsule elliptic, broader than long. Seeds ovoid, 
slightly flattened, pubescent ; aril minute, scarcely lobed. 

— T. A. Sl'RAGOE. 

Pig. 1, flower with the two lateral sepals removed ; 2, stamiual tube ; 3 and 
4, anthers, before and after dehiscence ; 5, pistil : — all enlarged. 



8066 




U. S. del. JN.Frtch.lith. 



^ncent Brooks DayS-SanLlS-inp 



L Reeve ^C? LoTvdcxiv. 



Tab. 80G6. 
CEROPEGIA pcsoa. 

Grand Canary. 



AsCLEPIADACE*. 

Ceropegia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 779. 



Ceropegia fusca, C. Bolle in Bowplandia, vol. ix. (1861), p. 51; affinis 
C. dichotomic, a qua caulibus crassioribus albidis et floribus rubro-brunneis 
differt. 

Planta succulenta, e basi ramosa, subapbylla. Caules vel rami 1^-6 ped. longi, 
6-9 lin. crassi, cylindrici, articulati, glabri, albidi. Folia paucissima, 
|-1| poll, longa, 1-2 lin. lata, lineari-lanceolata, acuminata. Flores ad 
nodos fascicalati, erecti, breviter pedicellati. Sepala 1 lin. longa, 
deltoideo-attenuata, glabra. Corolla 1^ poll, longa, extra glabra, rubro- 
brunnea; tabus 10-11 lin. longus, inferno leviter inflatus, superne infun- 
dibularis, intra pai'ce hirtus, albidus ; lobi 7 lin. longi, e basi deltoideo- 
lanceolata 2^ lin. lata lineari-attenuati, apice connati vel demum liberi. 
Corona lutea, glabra : lobi exteriores 5 lin. longi, breviter bifidi, lobis 
interioribus adnati; lobi interiorea 1 lin. longi, nliforrne3, erecti, conni- 
ventes. Follieuli 6-6^ poll, longi, | poll, crassi, erecti, teretes, superne 
attenuati, obtusi, glabri, olivacei, fusco-punctati. 



Tbe odd-looking plant here figured bears so little 
resemblance, in its stems and habit, to the majority of the 
species of Ceropegia, that when out of flower it might 
easily be mistaken for a Euphorbia. The only other species 
of Ceropegia with which it can be compared is the nearly 
allied G. dichotoma, which is also a native of the Canaries, 
and C. stapelioides, a native of South Africa, both of which 
have long been in cultivation. 

G. fusca is a native of Grand Canary, where it was 
originally discovered by Carl Bolle about the year 1860. 
Since that time it does not appear to have been collected, 
and nothing more was known of it until 1904, when Mr. 
Walter Ledger, of Wimbledon, who is much interested 
in this genus, was instrumental in its rediscovery. He 
furnished Mr. Alaricus Delmard, a botanist resident in 
the Canary Islands, with its recorded habitat, and that 
gentleman soon succeeded in finding this interesting 
species, and early in 1905 sent the living plant, here 
figured, to Kew, where it flowered in June. Mr. Ledger 
writes that, according to Mr. Delmard, the goats have 
nearly exterminated the plant in its native locality. Tt 
March Lst, 1906. 



grows in a dry district, and requires similar treatment to 
that given to 0. stapeliseformis. 

Descr. — A bushy succulent, with many stems from 
the base, almost leafless. Stems erect, and about a foot 
and a half high, but according to Mr. Delmard some- 
times six feet, simple or repeatedly forked, half to three- 
quarters of an inch thick, jointed, cylindric, glabrous, 
whitish. Leaves very few, only occasionally developed, 
three-quarters to one inch and a half long, linear-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, dark green. Flowers in fascicles at 
the nodes, produced for two or more years in succession, 
erect. Bracts minute, deltoid-ovate, acute, glabrous. 
Pedicels a sixth of an inch long, glabrous. Sepals very 
small, acute, glabrous. Corolla about an inch and a third 
long, dull reddish-brown, glabrous outside ; lobes and 
mouth of the tube glabrous within, with a faint purple 
bloom ; tube thinly hairy inside, and white or very pale 
yellowish, nearly an inch long, a sixth of an inch in 
diameter at the swollen base, slightly bent and cylindric 
above, widening into a funnel-shaped mouth ; lobes above 
half an inch long, deltoid-lanceolate, tapering into slender, 
linear tails, at first connate at the tips, sometimes more 
or less free and spreading. Corona light yellow ; outer 
lobes very short, adnate to the base of the inner lobes, 
subquadrate, shortly bifid, glabrous, inner lobes twice 
as long, filiform, connivent at the base over the anthers 
and style-apex, glabrous. Follicles about six inches long, 
a quarter of an inch thick, terete, tapering from about 
the middle to a blunt point, glabrous, light olive-green, 
speckled with brown. — N. B. Brown. 



Fig. 1, apex of a young stem with leaves, from Mr. Delmard's drawing; 
2, flower-bad ; 3, corona ; 4, corona with one lobe removed and the side ones 
pushed back a little to show the anthers, which are opposite the corona- 
lobes ; 5, pollen-masses : — figs. 2-5, enlarged. 



Erratum. 
Tab. 8058. In lines 23 and 28 of description, for F. scardica read S. scardica. 



8061 




fipijfflp 



M. S.dal JN Fitchiih. 



Ii.Pjeeve &_C° London. 



Vincent Brooks, Day & SanLt^Irajj 



Tab. 806". 
NEPENTHES Phyllamphora. 

Eastern Tropical Asia and Western Polynesia. 



Xepextiiacele. 
Nepenthes, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 115. 



Nepenthes Phyllamphora, Willd. Sp. PL vol. iv. pars 2, p. 874 ; Kortlials 
in Verh. Nat. Gesch. p. 28, t. 15; Hook f. in DC. Prodr. vol. xvii. p. 97 ; 
non JV. Phyllamphora, Bot. Mag. t. 2629, nee 2798, quae est N. khasyana, 
Hook.f. loc. cit. p. 102 ; ab omnibus speciebus mini cognitis foliis margine 
ciliolatis vel minute denticulatis recedit. 

Suffrutex robustus, paucipedali3, novellis puberulis. Folia demum coriacea, 
cum petiolo 6-18 poll, longa, et usque ad 3| poll, lata, oblonga vel 
lanceolata, utrinque attenuata, rarius rotundata, margine ciliata, ciliis 
nonuumquam evanidis ; cirrhus gracilis. Ascidia, 3-7 poll, longa, sub- 
cylindrica, infra medium leviter ventricosa, extus viridia vel rubro- 
viridia, intuB a basi usque ad medium, vel interdum ultra, glandulis 
minutis fere innumerabilibus obsita, supra medium nuda, lubriea, viridia 
vel violacea; costse duae anticae alatae vel apterse, fimhriatae vel integras; 
costa postica apice juxta operculum in calear breve debile integrum vel 
bifidum producta. Operculum fere ovbiculare, intus glandulis melliferis 
orbicularibus vel oblongis marginatis crebre conspersum. Peristomium 
aDgustum, margine interiore pectinatum, dentibus minutis numerosissi- 
mis, inter dentes uniporosum uniglandulosum. Flores utriusque sexus 
laxe racemosi, racemis erectis longe pedunculatis folia excedentibus. 
Perianthium 4-partitum, segmentis extus tomentosis intus glandulosis. 
Gapsula cana. — Phyllamphora mirabilis, Lour. Fl. Cochinch. p. 606. 
Gantharifera, Ruinph. Herb. Amb. vol. v. p. 121, t. 59. N. macrostachya 
et N. fimbriata, Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. p. 7; Miq. 111. Fl. 
Arch. Ind. pp. 3 et 5, tt. 2 et 6. N. kennedyana, F. Muell. Fragm. vol. v. 
p. 154; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. vi. p. 40 (Kennedy*) ; Bailey, Queensland 
Ficra, part 4, p. 1278, t.46 ; Beccari, Malesia, vol. iii. p. 11. N. distillatoria, 
Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. v. p. 420 ; Hemsl. The Garden, vol. lxvii. 
p. 269. 

I have followed Sir Joseph Hooker in the synonymy of 
this Nepenthes, as far as he goes, and Beccari as to 
including N. kennedyana ; but I am not quite satisfied 
that some of the specimens, including N. macrostachya, BL, 
are correctly referred here. Miquel states that N. macro- 
stachya is very different, though he fails to give the 
distinctions, except that the pedicels are more than one- 
flowered. The same author claims that N. fimbriata, BL, 
differs from N. Phyllamphora iu having ciliated leaves. 
Beccari makes two species, including N. fimbria ta under 1ST. 
macrostachya, and N. kennedyana under N. Phyllamphora ; 
but he had seen no specimens either from China or Cochin 
China. In most of the Chinese specimens the pedicels are 

AruiL 1st, 1906. 



free from each other; occasionally two are connate, so this 
character is not absolute. 

Whatever view we take of the limits of the species, that 
figured appears to be the one described by Loureiro, and 
must therefore bear the name Phyllamphora. It is the 
only one known from South China and the country imme- 
diately to the south ; and it is the species that was first 
cultivated ac Kew, having betm introduced, according to 
Aiton, by Sir Joseph Banks in 1789. There is an undated 
specimen at Kew from the Herbarium of Bishop Good- 
enough, labelled : "Nepenthes distillatoria, Kew ; " and it 
is recorded by Aiton under this name, and as a native of 
China and Ceylon. There was further confusion in the 
names of the species cultivated during the first half of the 
last century, and it may be worth while repeating the 
corrected synonymy here :— N. distillatoria, A\t. = N. Phyl- 
lamphora, Willd. ; N. didillatoria, Loddiges Bot. Cab. 
vol. xi. 1825, t. 1017 = N. khasyana, Hook. f. ; N. Phyl- 
lamphora, Bot. Mag. t, 2629 = N. khasyana ; N. distillatoria, 
Bot. Mag. t. 2798 = N. khasyana. Loddiges' figure was 
the first of a cultivated Nepenthes in this country, and 
the accompanying plate is the first of the true N. Phyllam- 
phora. 

As limited by Sir Joseph Hooker, it has the widest 
range of any species of the genus, ranging from Mount 
Ophir, in Malacca, South China, the Philippines, and 
Pelew Island, through the Malay Archipelago to New 
Guinea, the Louisiade Archipelago and North-eastern 
Australia It differs apparently from most other species 
in not having two kinds of pitchers. In all the numerous 
specimens examined, both wild and cultivated, the pitchers 
have a wide conductive or glandless zone ; there are no 
pitchers in which the whole interior is covered with 
secreting glands. There ai^, however, considerable differ- 
ences in the size and colouring ; the female plant having 
them more highly coloured than the male. N. Phyllam- 
phora is also remarkable for the smallness and number of 
its digestive glands. My colleague, Mr. Cotton, and I, 
have carefully counted the number in a square line, several 
times over, and we make it from ninety to a hundred, 
which gives the enormous total of 13,000 to 14,400 glands 
to the square inch ! 



The accompanying- illustration was made from a plant 
sent to Kew by Mr. C. Ford, I.S.O., from the Hong Kong 
Botanic Garden, in 1894, with the information that it was 
obtained from the Island of Hainan. 

The plants cultivated at Kew, under the name of 
JV. obrieniana, are not specifically distinguishable from 
X. Phyllamphora, but it is also true that they do not 
resemble the highly-coloured figure of the original in the 
"Illustration Horticole," vol. xxxvii. p. 109, t. 116. 

Descr. — A vigorous species. Stems stout, hairy when 
young. Leaves becoming leathery, oblong or lanceolate, 
including stalk six to eighteen inches long, and as much as 
three or four inches broad, ciliate on the margin when 
young. Pitchers three to seven inches long, nearly 
cylindrical, slightly inflated below the middle, green, 
or green and red outside, glandular inside up to the 
middle, or higher, the smooth zone usually coloured and 
glaucous, sometimes green ; anterior ribs winged or wing- 
less ; wings entire or fringed ; posterior rib produced at 
the top into a soft spur. Lid densely glandular inside. 
Collar very finely pectinate ; teeth about eighty to the 
inch, alternating with deeply seated honey glands. — ■ 

W. BOTTING HEMSLEY. 

Fig. 1, portion of margin of a leaf ; 2, portion of under surface of operculum ; 
3, a female flower ; 4, portion of upper surface of a perianth-segment : —all 
enlarged. 




"M. S. delJ.N. Eitch lith. 



Vincent Brooks Day &. Son 



-L Reeve KC°. Lender 



Tab. 8068. 
GLADIOLUS caemineus. 

South Africa. 

Iridace.b. Tribe Ixieje. 

Gladiolus, Linn.; Benth. et Ilook.f. Gen. Plant. vol. in. p. 709; Baker, Handb. 

Iridete, p. 198. 



Gladiolus carmineus, C. U. Wright; ex affinitate G. ramosi, Paxt., Bed 
Bpathis longioribus antherisque luteis differt. 

Caulis erectus, circa lj ped. altas, gracilis, basi vaginis ad 2^ poll, longis 
vestitus. Folia linearia, acuminata, post anthesin ad 8 poll, longa et 4 
lin. lata, glabra, costa crassa. Spatha exterior elliptica, acuminata, 2 poll, 
longa, interior similis, sed 1^ poll, longa. Flores circa 3 poll. diam. ; 
periantbii tubus anguste infundibuliformis, apice 6 lin. diam., extus 
pallidus ; lobi ovati, acuminati, 9 lin. lati, carminei, duo interiores basi 
macula pallidiore sanguineo-marginata instruct]'. Anthene oblongiu, 
curvata), dilute lutere. Styli rami 3 lin. longi, lineares. 



The affinity of this species is with G. hirsutus, Jacq., a 
native of Cape Colony, of which the variety roseus has 
been figured in this Magazine, t. 574. That species differs, 
however, in having the stem and leaves hairy and the 
perianth-tube more curved. Bulbs of the present plant were 
received at Kew in 1903 from Hon. Sir C. Abercrombie 
Smith, Controller and Auditor General, Cape of Good 
Hope, who found it " at Hermanus, a small village on the 
Southern Coast of South Africa, on the sandstone cliffs 
from 40 to 80 feet high which skirt the sea." Flowers 
were produced at Kew in September last. At first sight 
this plant recalls some of the forms of G. ramosus, Paxt., 
which is a hybrid between G. cardinalis, Curt. (B. M. t. 135) 
and G. oppositijlorvs, Herb., but differs in its much more 
lax habit, in addition to the characters mentioned in the 
diagnosis above. In the almost rearular form of the 
perianth it also approaches G. blandus, Soland. (B. M. 
t. 1665), which, like G. ramosus, has blue anthers, and 
sometimes is blotched on two (not three) of the perianth- 
lobes. The tropical African G. corneus, Oliv., has the 
perianth-tube curved in the upper part, but otherwise 
resembles G. carmineus. 

Descr. — Stem erect, slender, about a foot and a half 
high, clothed at the base with several sheaths, the longest 
April 1st. 1906. 



being about two and a half inches. Leaves produced later, 
linear, acuminate, eight inches long, and a third of an 
inch wide, glabrous, midrib thick. Spathes elliptic, acumi- 
nate, the outer two inches long, the inner an inch and a 
half long, herbaceous. Flowers about three inches across ; 
perianth-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, half an inch in 
diameter, almost white outside ; lobes ovate, acuminate, 
three-quarters of an inch wide, carmine, two of the inner 
with a paler spot at the base surrounded by a darker border. 
Stamens reaching rather more than halfway up the perianth- 
lobes ; anthers oblong, pale yellow. Style-branches a 
fourth of an inch long, linear. — C. H. Wright. 



Figs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, style-branches .— all enlarged. 




. tohlifli. 



"'vincantBroQks£ay[vSon.Lt 1 -Iniji 






Tab. 8069. 

LIGUSTRUM STBONGYLOPHYLLUM. 

China. 



Oleace*. Tribe Oleine.e. 
Ligustrum, Toum. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 679. 



Idgustrum strongylophyllum, Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. p. 93; 
species folds parvis siepe orbicularibus coriaceis crassiusculis distincta. 

Fruiex vel arbor parva sempervireng, diffuse ramosa. Hamuli juniores 
graciles, dense minuteque puberuli. Folia breviter petiolata, coriacea, 
crassinscula, fere glaberrima, orbicularia, elliptica, late ovata vel obovata, 
6-12 lin. longa, 4-8 lin. lata, integerrima, supra nitida et saturate 
viridia, subtus pallidiora, rotundata, obtusa vel acuta, ssepe minute 
mucronata, marginibus paulurn revolutis. Flores breviter pedicellati in 
paniculas terminales usque ad 3£ poll, longas basi 3 poll, latas dispositi. 
Calyx cupularis, fEepius inconspicue 5-dentatus, \-\ lin. longus, glaber. 
Corolla: albce tubus infundibularis, 1-2 lin. longus ; lobi ovato-oblongi, 
crassi, subacnti, tubo paulum breviores. Stylus e corollse tabo brevissime 
exsertus. Fructus primam globosus, maturitate obovoideus, circiter 4 lin. 
longus. 

The specimen of the Ligustrum here figured was fur- 
nished by a plant which was purchased from Messrs. James 
Veitch & Sons in 1897, and which flowered for the first 
time in July, 1905. Though quite hardy at Kew, it 
appears to succeed best when afforded some slight pro- 
tection. A plant is growing freely trained on a wall in 
the Herbaceous Department, and has now reached a height 
of about six feet, but so far it has by no means proved 
floriferous. 

The species is one of Dr. Henry's discoveries. Specimens 
were also collected for Messrs. Veitch by Mr. B. H. 
"Wilson, who informs us that the plant grows on the cliffs 
of the glens and gorges of the Yangtse, west of Ichang, in 
the province of Hupeh, and extends westward as far as 
Mount Omi, in Szechuen. In the Tung Valley, still 
further west, it is replaced by another small-leaved species, 
L. Prattil, Kcehne. L. strongylophyllum was found grow- 
ing, in company with Lagerstrwmia indica and Gardenia 
jiorida, plants which require greenhouse treatment in our 
climate. 

Three Privets have hitherto been illustrated in this 
work : — L. lucidum, Ait. (t. 2565), L. nepalense, Wall. 3 

ArniL 1st, 1906. 



glabrum, Hook. (t. 2921), and L. cariaceum, Carr. (t 7519). 
The first is especially interesting, on account of its being 
one of the two plants on which the Insect white wax of 
the Chinese is deposited. Fraxlnus sinensis is the other. 
See Kew Bulletin, 1893, p. 8-5. 

Descr. — An evergreen, diffusely branched shrub, or 
small tree. Branchlets slender, densely and minutely 
puberulous. Leaves shortly petiolate, thick, coriaceous, 
almost quite glabrous, orbicular, elliptic, broadly ovate or 
obovate, a half to one inch long, a quarter to two-thirds of 
an inch broad, entire, shining and dark green above, paler 
beneath, rounded, obtuse, or acute, often minutely mucro- 
nate, somewhat revolute on the margins. Flowers shortly 
pedicellate, arranged in terminal panicles, the largest about 
three inches and a half long and three inches broad at the 
base. Calyx very small, cup-shaped, often obscurely 5- 
toothed, glabrous. Corolla white ; tube funnel-shaped, one- 
twelfth to one-sixth of an inch long; lobes ovate-oblong, 
thick, subacute, slightly shorter than the tube. Sti/le very 
shortly exserted. Fruit at first globose, obovoid when 
mature, about one-third of an inch long. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, portion of branch ; 2, flower ; 3, vertical section of calyx showing 
ary and style ; 1 and 5, anthers : — all muck enlarged. 



8070 




M.S. deLJ.KJitch.lifh 



Vincent Brooks Day &Son Ltf Imp 



I. Reeve & C? London 



Tab. 8070. 

CYPRIPEDIUM TIBETICUM. 

Eastern Tibet and Western China. 

Orchidace.e. Tribe Cypripedie^e. 

Cypripedium. Linn.; Benth. etHook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 634, ex parte 
Pfitzer in Engl. So Prantl. Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 82. 



Cypripedium tibeticum, King ex Rolfe in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxix. p. 320 ; 
vol. xxxvi. p. 66 ; Franch. in Journ. de Bot. 1894, p. 250 ; King & Pantling 
in Ann. R. Bot. Oard. Gale. vol. viii. p. 341, t. 447 ; Rolfe in Orch. Rev. 
1905, p. 194; aff. G. macrantho, Swartz, sed segmentis reticulato-venosis, 
et staminodio late cordato-ovato nee trulliformi differt. 

Herba terrestris, \-l\ ped. alta. Gaules erecti, pubescentes, 3-4-phylli, basi 
vaginis 2 vel 3 inaequalibuaobtecti, apice uniflori. Folia ovata vel ovato- 
oblonga, acuta vel eubobtusa, membranacea, plicata, puberula et ciliata, 
subsessilia, 2-5 poll, longa, j— 2f poll. lata. Bracteee ovatse, acutae vel 
acuminatae, concavas, foliaceee, l|-3 poll, longse. Flores magni, rubro- 
purpureo-striati et reticulati, labello et staminodio atro-purpureo 
suffu8is. Sepalum posticum late ovatum, acatum, coucavum, H-IJ poll, 
longum ; sepala lateralia connata, quam posticum minora. Petala ellip- 
tica vel ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, 1^-2 poll, longa. Labellum ventri- 
cosum, globosum, 1^-2 poll, longum, ore semicirculari. Golumna \ poll, 
longa ; staminodium late ovatum. obtusum, convexum, 6—7 lin. longum. — 
C. man'antlion var. ventricosum, Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 170, non 
Carriere. 



This handsome Gyp rip ed turn was discovered as long ago 
as 1879, at Pitzala, in the province of Chumbi, by a native 
collector of Sir Greorge King, when it received the manu- 
script name now adopted. It was, however, not published, 
and for about thirteen years the plant was regarded as a 
form of the Siberian G. macranthon, Swartz, before its 
differential characters were pointed out. At this time it 
was shown that a Himalayan species had also been included 
under G. macranthon, to which the name G. himalaicum, 
Rolfe, was given. Both were subsequently collected by 
Pantling, Pratt, and Wilson, while one or the other has 
also been obtained by other collectors. The first-named 
was successfully introduced to cultivation by Mr. E. H. 
Wilson, Collector for Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, who 
brought home plants from Tachienlu, in Western Szechuen, 
near the Tibetan border. These arrived in April, 1905, 
aud flowered with the importers in the following June, 
when the accompanying plate was prepared. Mr. Wilson 
remarks that the species is very common on the mountains 

April 1st, 1906. 



around Tachienlu,at elevations between 10,000 and 12,000 
feet, and that the flowers are usually very much darker in 
a wild state than here shown. 

Notwithstanding the evident distinctness of this species 
from G. macranthon, Swartz (B. M. t. 2938), it is not easy 
to put the distinction into words, beyond the very obvious 
difference in colour and the shape of the staminode, but the 
lip of C. macranthon is corrugated round the mouth. JVlr. 
Wilson, who has collected both species and seen them 
growing in enormous quantities, states that they are very 
distinct, both geographically, and in their morphological 
characters. The difficulty is that some of these characters 
become obliterated in the process of drying for the 
Herbarium. 

The species will doubtless succeed under similar cultural 
treatment to that given to G. macranthon. 

Descr. — A terrestrial herb from about half to a foot and 
a quarter high. Stems erect, pubescent, bearing three to 
four leaves, and at the base two or three reduced more or 
less tubular sheaths. Leaves ovate or ovate-oblong, acute 
or subobtuse, membranaceous, plicate, puberulous, and 
ciliate, subsessile, two to five inches long, three-quarters 
to two and three-quarter inches broad. Bracts ovate, 
acute, or acuminate, concave, more or less leaf-like, an 
inch and a half to three inches long. Flowers solitary, 
terminal, nearly four inches across, striped and reticulated 
with reddish purple on a paler ground, staminode and 
front of lip suffused with dark purple. Dorsal sepal 
broadly ovate, acute, concave, one and a quarter to one 
and three-quarter inches long; lower sepal rather smaller. 
Petals elliptical or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, an inch 
and a half to two inches long. Lij) ventricose, globose, 
an inch and a quarter to two inches long; mouth semi- 
circular. Column three-quarters of an inch long; stami- 
node broadly ovate, obtuse, convex, about half an inch 
long. — R. A. RoLt'E. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of lip; 2 and 3, column seen from the front and 
side, showing the staminode, stamens and stigma : — 2, natural size, the rest 
magnified. 



8071 







VinecntBroohs Day&SonLl*tap 



L Pj»»v» &.C?Lcn.don. 



Tar. 8071. 
CALLOPSIS Volkensii. 

German East Africa. 

Aroide^. — Tribe Zomicarpe^; ? 
Callopsis, Engler in Notizblati Konigl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, vol. i. p. 27. 



Callopsis Volkensii, Engler loc. cit. et in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. vol. C. p. 
131 ; N. B. Brown in Dyer, Flora of Tropical Africa, vol. viii. p. 186 ; 
species unica. 

Ilerba acaulis glabra. Foliorum petiolus l§-5 poll, longus, supra canalicu- 
lars ; lamina 3j-5J poll, longa, 2—3^ poll, lata, elongato-orata vel 
oblongo-ovata, obtusa, apiculata, basi cordata. Pedunculi 3-3| poll, 
longi, erecti. Spalha e basi expanaa, 1-1^ poll, longa, f-1 poll, lata, 
elliptica, apiculata, alba. Spadix quam spatha brevior, lutea parte 
feminea spathse adnata. Flores unisexuales, nudi : feminei 3-12, sub- 
biseriati; ovarium oblique conoideum vel anguste elongato-ovoideum in 
stylum brevem attenuatum, imiloculare, uniovulatum ; stigma parvum ; 
ovulum subbasilare, anatropum, erectum : masculi in spicam cyliudricam 
obtusam dense conferti; anthera sessiles, subquadratas. 



The interesting plant here figured was discovered by 
Dr. Volkens growing at the foot of trees in the forest on 
Mount Msasa, between Nderema and the River Sigi in 
German East Africa. It was first introduced into the 
Koyal Botanic Gardens at Dahlem, near Berlin, whence a 
plant was received at Kew in 1905, and it commenced to 
flower in September, and continued for over three months. 
Probably it will prove of considerable value from a 
horticultural point of view, on account of the persistence 
of its pure white spathes, which are freely produced, and 
contrast well with the dark green foliage. It requires 
stove treatment, similar to that given to the various species 
of Schismatoglottis. 

Dr. Engler places Callopsis in the tribe Pothoidex, but 
as its floral structure is very similar to that of Zomi- 
cavpella, except the inappendiculate spadix, I think it 
would be placed better next in the same tribe, or as a 
distinct monotypic tribe of its own, based on its non- 
tuberous habit and absence of an appendix. In the totality 
of its characters it is intermediate between the tribes 
Zomicarpese and Philodendrese. 

Descr. — A stemless perennial herb, with a short branch- 

April 1st, 1900 



ing underground rootstock, quite glabrous in all parts. 
Leaves several to a shoot ; petiole one and a half to five 
inches long, channelled down the face; blade spreading 
about three to five inches long, two to three inches broad, 
elongated, ovate, or oblong-ovate, obtusely pointed, apicu- 
late, cordate at the base, bright dark green, paler beneath ; 
basal lobes about three-quarters of an inch long, rounded. 
Peduncles between three and four inches long, erect. 
Spathe about an inch long, three-quarters to one inch 
broad, open to the base, but with the sides approximate 
below, elliptic, obtuse, apiculate, more or less decurrent on 
the peduncle, pure white. Spadix much shorter than the 
spathe, monoecious, yellow; female part adnate to the 
spathe, unilateral; male part shortly separated from the 
female, terete, obtuse. Flowers without a perianth. 
Ovaries 3-12, in about two series, obliquely conoid, or 
narrowly elongated, ovoid, tapering into a short, thick 
style, one-celled, with a solitary subbasal ovule ; stigma 
small, discoid. Anthers sessile, quadrate, densely crowded. 
— N. K. Brown. 

Fig. 1, spadix and part of the spathe; 2, anther; 3, ovary; 4, longitudinal 
section of the same ; 5, ovule ; — all enlarged. 



8012 







..JttKicMith. 



Vincent Brooks J)ay&.San-LAbnp 



L Reeve & C9"Lun.aoTL. 



Tab. 8072. 
lilium duchartrei. 

r- 

Western and Central China. 

LiLiACEiE. Tribe Tulipe^e. 
Liliuji Linn. ; Benth. et Mook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 816. 



Lilium Duchartrei, Franch. in Nouv. Arch. Mus. Par. 2me ser. vol. x. p. 90, 
et in Journ. de Bot. vol. vi. (1892), p. 316; C. H. Wright in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. vol. xxxvi. p. 130 ; L. Leichtlinii, Hook, f., amne, quod perianthio 
luteo purpureo-macnlato segmentis basi carinato-cristatis recedit. 

Herba tripedalis. Bulbi parvi, ovoidei ; squamse lanceolatse, acuminata?, 
ciliatae. Caitlis teres, glaber, rubro-striatus, apice 1-7-florua. Folia 
alterna, lanceolata vel lineari-lanceolata, acuminata, basi attenuata, 2j 
poll, longa, 6 lin. lata, trinervia, subtus glauca. Flores subcernui, circa 
3 poll, diam., albi, extus roseo-tincti, intus roseo-maculati ; periauthium 
basi breviter campanulatum ; segmenta oblonga, recurva, exteriora acuta, 
interiora obtusa, intus basi lineis papillosis instructa. Stamina asqualiter 
divergentia, perianthio breviora ; filamenta alba ; antheraa luteoe. Stylus 
staminibus ajquilongus; stigma capitatum. 



Thirty-two lilies are now recorded from China. Of 
these, seventeen are confined to that country, while five 
extend into India, seven into Japan and three into 
Northern Asia. The present species was discovered in 
June, 1869, by the late Abbe Armand David during his 
journey in the district of Moupine ; since then it has been 
found in other parts of Szechuen, in Kansuh and in Yunnan. 
Our plant was raised from bulbs collected in moist meadows 
at an altitude of from 8,000 to 9,500 ft. at Tachienlu, in 
Szechuen, by Mr. E. H. Wilson for Messrs. Yeitch & Sons, 
of Chelsea. It flowered at Kew in July last, and seems to 
thrive under cultivation, as in a wild state it rarely 
produces more than three flowers on one stern. 

L. polyphyllum, D. Don, figured in Elwes's Monograph 
of the Genus Lilium, tab. 48, resembles L. Duchartrei in 
habit, but the perianth has a long tubular base, and is 
greenish outside. 

Descr. — A herb about three feet high. Bulbs small, 
ovoid ; scales lanceolate, acuminate, ciliate. Stem terete, 
glabrous, striped with reddish-purple, one- to seven- 
flowered. Leaves alternate in the upper part of the stem, 
lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acuminate, tapering towards 

May 1st, 1906. 



the base, two inches and a half long, half an inch wide, 
three-nerved, glaucous beneath. Floivers nodding, about 
three inches across, white, tinged with rose outside, and 
finely spotted with rose inside, except towards the tips of 
the segments ; perianth shortly campanulate at the base ; 
segments oblong, recurved, the outer acute, the inner 
obtuse, bearing lines of papillae near the base. Stamens 
equally spreading, rather shorter than the perianth ; 
filaments white ; anthers yellow. Style as long as the 
stamens ; stigma capitate. — C. H. Weight. 



Figa. 1 and 2, anthers; 3, pistil: — all enlarged. 




M-S-deUTttFiichliQi 



VfcRcaot Broolffi^ay&SctnLt^irnp 



LReewe &. C?Iarj&an_ 



Tab. 8073. 
primula cockburniana. 

China. 

PrimulacejK. — Tribe Peimule^:. 
Primula, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 631. 



Primula cockburniana, Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxix. p. 313 ; Gard. 
Ghron. 1905, vol. i. pp. 331 et 345, fig. 137 ; Pax. et Knuth in Engl. 
Pflanzenr., Primulacese, p. 126; species floribus saturate aurantiaco-rub'ris 
in verticillos superpositos dis-positis distinctissima. 

Herha perennis, praeter inflorescentiam plus minusve farinosam fere omnino 
glabrescens. Folia seepe longe petiolata, membranacea, anguste obovato- 
oblonga, petiolo incluso 2-5 poll, longa, supra medium f-l± poll, lata, 
obscure lobulata, minute denticulata, apice rotundata, deorsum sensim 




_. longaj. . 
celli ascendentes, 6-9 lin. longi. Calyx anguste campanulatus, circiter 

2 lin. longus; lobi ovato-deltoidei, vix 1 lin. longi, erecti, acuti, intas 
dense farinosi. Corolla saturate aurantiaco-rubra, glabra ; tubus cylin- 
dricus, apice paulum ampliatus, vix J poll, longus; limbus patens, 6-7 
lin. diam., lobis obovatis apice cordatis vel retusis. Capsula oblonga, 

3 lin. longa, 1£ lin. lata. 



This Primula lacks the vigour of constitution and large 
size of flower of some of the allied species previously 
brought into cultivation, but the remarkable colour of the 
corolla gives it a unique position in the large and deservedy 
popular genus to which it belongs. 

Tor the opportunity of figuring it we are indebted to 
Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, who supplied a plant which 
flowered with them in the open air in June, 1905. It is 
one of tbeir numerous introductions from China, whence 
seeds and dried specimens were sent by their collector, 
Mr. E. H. Wilson, who met with it in moist or marshy 
alpine meadows at elevations of from 9,000 to 11,000 feet, 
to the immediate west of Tachienlu, West Szechuen. It 
was very abundant in this locality, but Mr. Wilson did not 
see it elsewhere. 

P. cockburniana is included by Pax and Knuth in the 
section Carikrienia, which comprises species possessing, 
amongst others, the following characters: — Plant without 
stolons. Leaves membranous or papen^, not, or scarcely 
distinctly lobed, toothed. Calyx not accrescent. Flowers 
May 1st, 1906. 



pedicellate, in superposed verticils. Other species of this 
section already figured in the Botanical Magazine are : 
P. japonica (t. 5916), P. prolifera (t. 6732), P. Poissoni 
(t. 7216), and P. imperial™ (t. 7217). 

Descr. — A perennial herb, almost glabrescent, except the 
more or less farinose inflorescence. Leaves often long- 
petioled, membranous, narrowly obovate-oblong, two to 
five inches long, including the petiole, three-quarters to 
one inch and a quarter wide above the middle, obscurely 
lobed, minutely toothed, rounded at the apex, gradually 
narrowed towards the base, somewhat pulverulent, espe- 
cially on the underside. Scape slender, erect, four to 
twelve inches high, with the flowers in two to four super- 
posed verticils, each two- to seven-flowered. Bracts linear- 
trinngular, a twelfth to an eighth of an inch long. Pedicels 
ascending, half to three-quarters of an inch long. Calyx 
narrowly campanulate, about a sixth of an inch long; lobes 
ovate -deltoid, scarcely a twelfth of an inch long, erect, 
acute, densely farinose inside. Corolla a rich orange-red, 
glabrous ; tube cylindric, somewhat enlarged at the apex, 
scarcely half an inch long ; limb spreading, about half an 
inch in diameter ; lobes obovate, cordate or retuse at the 
apex. Capsule oblong, a quarter of an inch long and an 
eighth of an inch broad. — S. A. Skan. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 



S074 




.del, J.N Fitd tilth. 



"vine eni Br o dksX> 



I. Reeve &.C°XarLdoxi_ 



Tab. 8074. 
LISTROSTACHYS hamata. 
Tropical West Africa. 

CrchidacejE. Tribe VandejB. 

Listrostachys, Beichh.f. in Bot. Zeit. 1852. p. 930; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. 
Plant, vol. iii. p. 583, sub Angrseco. 



Listrostachys hamata, Ttolfe; inter species hujus generis hucusque cognitas 
labelli calcare apice hamato facile distinguenda. 

Herba epiphytica, robusta, circa 1 ped. alta. Folia recurva, oblonga, oblique 
et inaequaliter biloba, coriacea, circa 6 poll, longa, li poll, lata, 1 obis 
obtusis. Scapi axillaves, arcuati, penduli, circa 6 poll, longi, multirlcri. 
Bractess late ovatoe, obtusse, conduplicata?, nitidae, brunnefe, 5-7 lin. 
longae. Pedicelli 1-1^ poll, longi. Flores albi. Sepala recurva, 
lanceolato-linearia, acuminata, circa 1^ poll, loaga ; lateralia apice 
breviter bidentata. Betala sepalis minora, circa 1J poll, longa. Label- 
lum a basi triangnlari longe acuminatam, recurvum, circa lj poll. 
longum ; calcar pendulum, arcuatum, validum, basi subinflatum, apice 
subito recnrvum, hamatum, minute bidentatum, circa If —2 poll, longum, 
viride. Columna crassa, brevissima ; rostellum subulatum, subobtusum, 
columna duplo longius ; anthera apiculata. 



This is a very distinct species of the Listrostachys 
arcuata group, more nearly allied to the fc*. African 
L. arcuata, Reichb. f. than is L. Monteirse, Reichb. f., 
figured at t. 8026 of this work, and differing from all others 
in the remarkable hooked character of the apex of the 
spur. So anomalous is this character that at first the 
flower was suspected to be abnormal, but it extended 
uniformly to every flower of the raceme, and is invariably 
repeated when the plant flowers, so that it evidently 
represents the normal structure of the species. Apart from 
this and the shorter spur, the species is comparable with 
L. chailluana, Reichb f., which was figured at t. 5589, 
under the name of Angrmcum chailluanum, Hook, f . The 
group is also represented in East Africa by two species, 
L. Sedeni, Reichb. f., and L. Whytei, Rolfe, both known in 
cultivation. The majority, however, are Western, and 
some half dozen species are at present only known from 
dried specimens. 

Listrostachys hamata was received at Kew in 1899, 
among a small collection of Orchids from Lagos, presented 

May 1st, 1906. 



by Mrs. W. T. Martin, and first flowered (and subsequently) 
in December, 1900, in a tropical house. 

Descr.—Aii erect, stout, epiphytic herb, under a foot 
high. Leaves recurved, oblong, obliquely and unequally 
bilobed, with obtuse lobes, coriaceous, about six inches 
long by an inch and a quarter broad. Scapes arching, and 
ultimately pendulous, about six inches long, many-flowered. 
Bracts broadly ovate, obtuse, conduplicate, about half an 
inch long, smooth, dark brown. Pedicels an inch to an 
inch and a half long. Flowers white, with a green spur. 
Sepals recurved, lanceolate-linear, acuminate, about an 
inch and a half long ; the lateral pair shortly bidentate at 
the apex. Petals smaller than the sepals, otherwise 
similar, about an inch and a quarter long. Lip recurved, 
long acuminate from a triangular base, about an inch and 
a quarter long ; spur curved, pendulous, rather stout, 
somewhat inflated at the base, suddenly recurved, hooked, 
and minutely toothed at the apex, about an inch and 
three-quarters to two inches long. Column very short 
and stout, with a subulate, obtuse rostellum, about twice 
as long as the column, and an apiculate anther. — R. A. 
Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, tip of lateral sepal ; 2, section of spnr at apex; 3, column, showing 
the rostellum and anther; 4 and 5, pollinarium, seen from front and back: — 
all enlarged. 







Iru-entBroolcs Day&Son.Lt'-Irnp 



Tab. 8075. 

GENISTA DALMAT1CA. 

North-Western Balkan Peninsula. 

Legcjminos.e. — Tribe Geniste^e. 
Genista, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 482. 



Genista dalmatica, Bartl. in Bartl. & Wendl., Beitr. Bot. pars ii. p. 74; 
Reichenb. PI. Ciit. vol. iv. p. 61, tab. 383; G. sylvestri. Scop., maxime 
affinis, spinis divaricatis rigidis--, i'oliis magis redactis distincta. 

Suffrutex rigidus, parvulus, a basi multiramosus, subpulvinatus ; rami erecti 
vel ascendents, praeter ramulos spinigeros simplices vel ima basi tan turn 
diviai, 3-4 poll, longi, pilo.si ; ramuli spinigeri numerosissimi quasi folia 
divaricato-pinnata referentes, aphylli vel foliia minntis subulatis mox 
deciduis, spinis teuuibus rigidis acutissime mucronatis ad 3 lin. longis. 
Folia paaca, imprimis in partibus ramorum inferioribus, sessilia, patula, 
linearia vel lineari-lanceolata, acuta, 2|-5 lin. longa, lsete viridia, pilosa. 
Racemi terminales, densiusculi, 1-H poll, longi ; bracteae foliis similes 
sed angustiores, calycibus paulo breviores; pedicelli brevissimi ; bracteolaa 
binas, subulatse, calyci adpressaa eius tubo asquilongse. Calyx turbinato- 
campanulatus, 2 lin. longup, ' pilosnlus, lacioiis subulatis rectis tubo 
aequilongis. Corolla aurea, 4-5 lin. longa ; vexillum late ovatum, breviter 
uuguiculatum, quam carina brevius ; alae carina duplo breviores; carina 
obtusa. dorso sericeo-pubescens. Ovarium pilosum. Legumen patens, 
globoso-ovoideum, compressum, acumine brevi ascendente, 5-6 lin. longum, 
monospermum. — Cytisus sylvestris, var. pungens, Vis. Fl. Dalm. vol. iii. 
p. 269. 

Genista dalmatica is a characteristic element of the 
xerophytic vegetation of Dalmatia, Herzegovina, and the 
Illyrian islands. It forms part of the underwood of the 
pine forests, and the shrubby vegetation of the " Karst " 
region ; bat also enters into the composition of the ever- 
green " macchie" (bush) of the islands. It is so closely 
allied to G. sylvestris, which takes its place in the flora of 
Istria and Carniolia, that the two might be considered as 
geographical races of one species. So far, however, 
G. dalmatica has maintained its peculiarities in cultivation, 
even in the moister climate of this countrv, where it 
flowers in June and July. 

Descr. — A small, rigid shrub, forming dense tufts of 
numerous spinous hairy branches, three to four inches 
long ; branches almost undivided, except at the base, but 
having spine-bearing branchlets, which resemble divari- 
cately pinnate spinescent leaves, the spines being rigid, 
very pungent, and up to one-fourth of an inch long, with 
May 1st, 1906. 



or without minute deciduous leaves at their bases. Leaves 
few, mainly in the lower part of the branches, sessile, 
spreading, linear, or linear-lanceolate, acute, from about 
a sixth to half an inch, bright green, hairy. Racemes 
terminal, rather dense, an inch to an inch and a half ; 
bracts resembling the leaves, but narrower, somewhat 
shorter than the calyx ; pedicels very short ; bracteoles 
two, subulate, adpressed to the calyx, reaching to the 
mouth of the calyx-tube. Calyx turbinate-campanulate, 
one-sixth of an inch, minutely hairy; segments as long as 
the tube, subulate, straight. Corolla bright yellow, a third 
of an inch or more ; standard broad-ovate ; shortly clawed, 
shorter than the keel ; wings half the length of the keel ; 
keel obtuse, silky-pubescent on the back. Ovary hairy. 
Pod spreading, globose-ovoid, shortly beaked, somewhat 
compressed, about half an inch, one-seeded. — Otto Stapp. 



Fig. 1, calyx cut opeu ; 2, stamens and pistil; 3, ovary in longitudinal 
Bection ; 4, ovule:— all enlarged. 



8076. 



. 




"KS.deLJKEicMith. 



Vincent BrooKs D ay & Son-Lt^fc? 



LRceve &X'°LaiuLorL 



Tab. 8076. 

EUPHORBIA LOPHOGONA. 

Madagascar. 

Euphorbiace^i. Tribe Etjphorbie.&. 
Euphorbia, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 258. 



Euphorbia lophogona, Lam. Encycl. vol. ii. p. 417 ; Boiss. in DG. Prodr. vol. 
xv. ii. p. 78; DC. PI. Grass, tab. 124, non Lodd. ; inter species sectionis 
Goniostematis caulium angulis late lacerato-cristatis distinctissima. 

Frutieulus erectus,pedalis, glaberrimus. Caulis basi lignescens, superne succu- 
lentufj,parceratnosu8,pentagonu8, angulis obstipulas persistentes verticales 
subconrluentes laceratas late lacerato-cristatus. Folia in apice caulis 
ramorumque congesta, obovato-spatulata vel oblanceolata, longe in 
petiolum attenuata, apice obtusa vel subacuta, apiculata, apiculo grape 
plicato et recurvo (uude lamina emarginata) ad 8 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, 
lata, carnosa, saturate viridia, subtus medio purpuvascentia; petiolus 
brevis vel brevissimus. Cymse dichotomae pedunculo 2 poll, longo 
suffultae. cyathia 8-10 gerentes ; bracteas ad ramulorum bases minutaa, 
sninmae 2 cyathia fulcrantes petaloideae, suborbiculares, cuspidulatte, 4-5 
lin. diam., albae vel roseo-suffusse. Gyathiwm urceokre, vix 2 lin. 
diametro. Involucrum 5-lobum, lobis rotundatis inflexis fimbriatis, 
glandulis breviter stipitatis ellipticis \ lin. longis centro depressis. 
Florum masculorum bracteolse lineari-subulatae, ciliatse. Antherse luteee. 
Ovarium globosum, sub-3-lobum ; slyli ad medium comiati; stigmata 
bifida, lineana, revoluta. Capsula iguota. 



This very pretty and quaint species was originally dis- 
covered by Commerson in woods near the village of 
Rechousamenti, in Madagascar. According to Boissier, it 
was also collected by Boivin in the island of St. Marie. It 
was for some time in cultivation in the Jardin des Plantes 
at Paris, but seems to have disappeared long ago. It \vas 
rediscovered by Mr. Scott Elliot in woods near Fort 
Dauphin in 1889, and subsequently introduced into France 
from the same locality by M. (xodefroy-Leboeuf, who 
communicated a specimen toKew, where it flowers annually 
in the Succulent House. 

fiescr. — A small, erect, glabrous shrub. Stem woody at 
the base, otherwise succulent, simple, or very sparingly 
branched, five-angular, the angles crested by the large 
vertical almost confluent deeply lacerate persistent 
stipules. Leaves in tufts at the ends of the stem and 
branches, obovate-spathulate or oblanceolate, long at- 
tenuated at the base, obtuse at the apex or subacute, 
apiculate, with the apiculus folded and recurved (hence 

May 1st. 1006. 



the leaves apparently emargmate), the largest eight inches 
long, by one to two inches broad, fleshy, deep green, often 
purplish, beneath in the upper part ; petiole short, or very 
short. Cymes dichotomous, of eight to ten cyathia, on 
an erect peduncle, two inches long; bracts at the base of 
the branchlets quite small, the uppermost pair forming an 
outer involucre to the cyathium, petaloid, suborbicular, 
cuspidulate, about a third of art inch in diameter, white or 
pinkish. Cyathium urnshaped, scarcely a sixth of an inch 
in diameter. Involucre five-lobed, lobes rotundate, fim- 
briate, inflexed, glands shortly stipitate, elliptic, depressed 
in the centre, a twelfth of an inch long. Male flowers 
with subulate ciliate bracteoles between them. Ovary 
globose, somewhat three-lobed ; styles connate to the 
middle ; stigmas bifid, linear, revolute. Capsule unknown. 
— Otto Stapf. 

Fig. 1, a cyathium ; 2, part of the involucre of the cyathinm, seen from 
within ; 3, bracteoles of the cyathium ; 4, male flower; 5, pistil : — all enlarged. 



8017 




M.Sdfil.Jil.fitcKUtK 



L.Raeve ^LC-'Lon-icm. 



\5nr.eiit Br ooVsP aySc 3 on.Lt5-Imp 



Tab. 8077. 
MAGNOLIA hypoleuca. 

V 

Japan and China. 

Magnoliace,*:. — Tribe Magnowk^e. 
Magnolia, Linn.; Benfh. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 18. 



Magnolia hypoleuca, Sieb. et Zitcc. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. sect. i. p. 79 ; K. Ifo, 
-Koishikawa Shokubutsuyen SdmoJeu Dsusetsu, vol. i. tt. 14 et 15; Sargent 
in Garden and Forest, vol. i. (1888), p. 304, £. 49 ; Henry, Notes on the 
Economic Botany of China, p. 27 ; Useful Plants of Japan, p. 132, f. 533 ; 
Shirasaioa, Iconoffr. des Essences Forest, du Japon, vol. i. p. 70, t. 39, ff. 
13 — 29; E. H. Wilson in Oard. Ghron. 1906, vol. i. p. 234; Kwa-wi, Arb. 
vol. ii. fol. 2; Uonzo Zufu, vol. lxxxii. fol. 8 recto; species distincta 
habitu M. Umbrellee, Desr. similis, foliis deciduis magnis obovatis, floribus 
foliis submaturis coretaneis flavescenti-albis vel albis, fructu strobiliformi 
elliptico. 

Arbor magna, saepe 50-80 ped. interdum 100 ped. alta, trunco usque ad 2-3 
ped. diam. ; rami late patentes, longi, novelli sericei, cortice levi 
brunneo conspicue lenticellato tecti. Folia decidua, saepius in apicibus 
ramorum subverticillata, breviter petiolata, obovata vel elliptico-obovata, 
saape 8-15 poll, longa et 6-8 poll, lata, supra atro-viridia, glabra, subtus 
glauco-viridia, plus minusve prse-sertim ad venas primarias pilosa, rotun- 
data vel rarius breviter cuspidata, basi cuneata vel interdum paulum rotun- 
data ; venaj laterales primai-he utrinque 18-24. Flores cum foliis sub- 
maturis coaatanei, navescenti-albi vel albi, giavissime fragrantes, 6-8 poll, 
diametro. Sepala et petala obovato-spathulata, coriacea, rotundata vel 
paulum cuspidata. Staminum filamenta vivide rubro-purpurea. Fructus 
strobiliformis, ellipaoideus, 5-8 poll, longus, erectus, usque ad maturi- 
tatem ruber; carpella ultra 100, truncata. — M. glauca a, Thunb. Fl. Jap. 
p. 236, non Linn. 



This Magnolia is widely spread in Japan, but it is in the 
damp rich forests covering the low hills of Yezo that it is 
to be seen at its best. It was only here, Professor Sargent 
informs us, and on the high mountains in the extreme 
northern part of the main island that he saw it of large 
size. Shirasawa observes that on the plains it grows with 
QuercAis glandulifera, species of Carpinua, &c, and on the 
mountains with Fagus japonica and species of Acer and 
Betula. It is found at altitudes up to 5,600 feet. 

In Western and Central China the tree is common 
around dwellings at elevations between 2,500 and 4,500 feet, 
but Dr. Henry and Mr. E. H. Wilson, who have collected 
specimens in China, never met with it in an undoubtedly 
wild state. Mr. Wilson sent seeds to Messrs. Veitch, who 
now have the Chinese plant growing in their nursery at 
June 1st, 1906. 



Coombe Wood. It is known to the Chinese as the " Hou 
p'o." A valuable drug, which is distributed to all parts of 
the Empire, is prepared from its bark and flowers. 

The wood of Magnolia hypoleuca is light, soft and com- 
pact, and is easily worked. The Japanese use it for 
making tools, spinning-wheels, engraving-blocks, pencils 
and numerous objects for lacquering, while its charcoal 
furnishes an excellent metal-polish. It is the most valuable 
of all the Japanese Magnolias. Its native name in Japan 
is " H6noki." 

This species has been in cultivation in the United States 
since 1865, and its flowering there was recorded in 1888. 
The specimen figured was from a Kew plant raised from 
seeds received from a Japanese nursery in 1890. It is 
now about 14 feet high, and first flowered in June, 1905. 
Earlier in the same month a plant in the garden of B. E. C. 
Chambers, Esq., of Haslemere, obtained from Yokohama 
in 1884, also flowered for the first time, producing twenty - 
five flowers. 

Descr. — A large tree often fifty to eighty feet, and some- 
times a hundred feet high, with a stem up to two or three 
feet in diameter ; branches widely spreading, long, silky- 
hairy on the young growths ; bark smooth, brown, wir,h 
conspicuous lenticels. Leaves deciduous, usually in tufts 
at the ends of the branches, shortly petioled, obovate or 
elliptic-obovate, frequently eight to fifteen inches long and 
six to eight inches broad, dark green and glabrous above, 
glaucous-green below, and more or less pilose, especially 
on the principal veins, rounded, or more rarely shortly 
cuspidate, cuneate, or sometimes rounded at the base ; 
primary lateral veins eighteen to twenty-four on each side 
of the mid- rib. Flowers creamy-white or white, highly 
fragrant, six to eight inches in diameter, produced when the 
leaves are nearly full-grown. Sepals and petals obovate- 
spathulate, leathery, rounded, or slightly cuspidate. Fila- 
ments bright reddish purple. Fruit cone-like, ellipsoid, 
five to eight inches long, erect, red till mature ; carpels 
more than a hundred, truncate. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, stipules; 2. stamen ; 3, longitudinal section of two young carpels 
all enlarged. 



8078 







ILS.de^J.NFitAliOv 



imcenl Hronkc,Davc5i Sonl^njl 



L Rbovs &. CJ London- 



Tab. 8078. 
GONIOSCYPHA buoomoides. 

Eastern Himalaya. 

Liliace^s. Tribe Aspidistre^e. 
Gonioscypha, Bah, ; Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 773. 



Gonioscypha eucomoides, Bale, in Jourti. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 581, tab. 

xix. ; JV, E. Brown in Gard. Chron. ser. ii. vol. xxvi. p. 744; Masters in 

Gard. Chron. ser. iii. vol. xx. p. 748, fig. 129. 
Species unica. 

Herba perennis, subacaulis, glabra, rhizomate brevi ladicea crassas tomentosap 
emittente. Folia pauca basalia, elliptica vel elliptico-oblonga, magi3 
minusve acuminata, basi breviter in petiolum attenuate, 10-16 poll, longa, 
5-8 poll, lata, firma, viridia, costa superne evanescente, nervis aecundariis 
utrinque circiter 8, tertiariis plerumque 3 interjectis, venia transversis laxis : 
petiolua latus, 3-4 poll, longus. Spica peduuculata, cj'lindrica, densa, 
3-. r > poll. longa, \~\\ poll, diametro, comoso-bracteata ; pedunculus nudus, 
7-0 poll, longus; btacteae subulatae, \-\ poll, longae, patnlaj, sammie 
steriles in coniam densam congestse. Perigonium carnosura, circiter 4 lin. 
longum, luride viride; tubuB cylindricus 3 lin. longns ; lobi subpatuli, 
concavi, rotundi, margine crispi, subcucullati, l^-li lin. longi. Antherw 
in ore sesailes, oblongsG, obtusae, 1 lin. longaB, rlav;e. Ovarium globoso- 
ellip8oideura, 3-loculare, loculis 3-ovulatis ; stylus clavato-cylindricns, 
snperne triangularis, ad 2 lin. longua ; stigma minute 3-lobum. Bacca 
globoso-ellipsoidea. § poll, longa, exsiccando fuscescens, subpruinosa, 
monosperma. Semen ovoideum 5 lin. longum, embryotegio depresso 
orbiculari supra medium sito; endospermum osseum. Embryo cylindricus, 
ab embryotegio nitra seminis centrum porrectus. 



This plant was discovered by Thomas J. Booth, who 
collected Rhododendrons in the Eastern Himalaya for his 
uncle, Thos. Nuttall, the well-known American botanist. 
Gonioscypha as well as the Rhododendrons, sixteen of which 
were described as new by Nuttall in Hooker's Journal of 
Botany of 1853, are generally put down as natives of 
Bhotan. But it must be understood that this is not the 
Bhotan of our days. From letters by Nuttall to Sir 
William Hooker, and from NuttalPs publication mentioned 
above, it appears that Booth collected in the Daphla and 
Aka Hills late in 1850. It has since been collected again 
in the same region by Mr. J. L. Lister in 1874, who quotes 
as locality : " Daphla Hills, on the top of Yearsi, 4,500 feet." 
It was first introduced into cultivation by Mr. W. Bull, 
of Chelsea, who, about 1886, sent a specimen to Kew, 

June 1st, 1906. 



where it has frequently been in flower. Here, as in its 
home where Booth found it flowering on November 2nd, 
it produces the flowers very late in the year. 

Descr. — A perennial and glabrous herb with a short 
rhizome producing stout tomentose roots. Leaves few in a 
rosette, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, more or less acuminate, 
shortly narrowed into the petiole, ten to fifteen inches 
long, five to six inches broad, firm, green, mid-rib dis- 
appearing in the upper part, secondary nerves about eight 
on each side with three tertiary nerves between them and 
scanty transverse veins ; petiole broad, three to four inches 
long. Spike peduncled, cylindric, dense, three to four 
inches long, three-quarters to over one inch in diameter ; 
peduncle naked, four to nine inches long; bracts subulate, 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch long, horizontally 
spreading, the uppermost barren and gathered into a 
dense terminal tuft. Perigone somewhat fleshy, about one- 
third of an inch long, lurid green ; tube cylindric, one 
quarter of an inch long ; lobes rather spreading, con- 
cave, rounded, almost hooded, not quite half as long as 
the tube, with crisp margins. Anthers sessile in the 
throat of the corolla, oblong, a twelfth of an inch long, 
yellow. Ovary globose-ellipsoid, three-celled, with three 
ovules in each cell ; style clavate-cylindric, triangular in 
the upper part, a sixth of an inch long ; stigma minutely 
three-lobed. Berry globose-ellipsoid, half an inch long, 
dark brown, when dry, slightly pruinose, one-seeded. 
Seed ovoid, not quite half an inch long ; endosperm bony. 
Embryo cylindric, extending obliquely from the small 
depressed circular embryotegium through the centre of the 
seed. — Otto Stapf. 



Fig. 1, flower seen from above; 2, perigone, cut open; 3, pistil; 4, a whole 
plant: — 1-3 enlarged, 4 reduced. 



sold 




kth. 



"VnvierABrc.cV^-ir^&SarLL^SiYp 



L Reeve ScC^LarUUm. 



Tab. 8079. 

GERBERA aurantiaca. 

A native of Natal and the Transvaal. 

Composite. — Tribe Mutisiace^k. 
Gerbera, Gronov. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 497. 

Gerbera aurantiaca, Sch. Bip. in Flora, vol. xxvii. p. 781 ; Harv. & Sond. 
Fl. Gap. vol. iii. p. 523 ; affinis G. Jamesoni, Bolus, diflert foliis integris et 
Horibus radii numerosioribus pulchre sanqruineis. 

Herha acaulis ; rhizoma collo densissime sericeo-villoso. Folia radicalia, 
adscendentia, 5-10 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, oblanceolata vel elongato- 
oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, basi in petiolum f-2 poll, longum longe an- 
gustata, integra, obscure denticulata vel crenata, supra plus minnave 
pubescentia, subtus araneo-albo-tomentosi vel fere glabra. Pedunculus 
Bolitariup, 4|-16 poll, longus, araneo-albo-tomentcsus. Capitulum 2-3 
poll. diam. ; involucri squama? numerosae ; interiores 7-9 lin. longa3, exte- 
riores breviore?, lanceolatse, acuminata 3 , albo-tomentnsa?. Flores omnes 
bilabiati; flores radii lobo lignlato 1-1| poll, longo 1-2 lin. lato lineari 
lanceolate acuto vel 2-3-dentato sanguineo subtus luteo, lobis 4 minimis 
linearibus tortis sanguineis ; flores disci 5 lin. longi, lobis 2 liberie, 3 
connatis linearibus revolutis fnsco-purpureis. Anthers caudatas, lutere. 
Stigma exsertum, subclavatum, bilobum, luteum. Achsenia puberula. 
Fappi seta? violaceo-purpureae. 



This pretty plant is allied to the better-known G. 
Jamesoni, figured at t. 7087, differing from that species 
in its entire leaves and the rich blood-red colour of its 
more numerous and more crowded ray florets. G. auran- 
tiaca is a native of Natal and the Transvaal, where it 
grows at an elevation of 3,000 to 5,000 feet above sea- 
fevel. It was originally discovered by Krauss on a hill 
near Pietermaritzburg, where .subsequent collectors have 
also found it, and it is remarkable that such a beautiful plant 
should not have been introduced from such a frequented 
locality into cultivation long ago. This species and G. 
Jamesoni appear to be the only two of the genus intro- 
duced into European gardens, although there are about 50 
known natives of South and Tropical Africa, Madagascar, 
and Temperate and Tropical Asia. The plant figured was 
purchased from M. Max Leichtlin, who states that it was 
introduced from Natal by a daughter of Baron Saint Paul, 
and it flowered at Kew in June, 1905. It is probably 
half-hardy, but as the region in which it grows has a very 

June 1st, 1906. 



small rainfall during the winter, it requires greenhouse 
protection with very little water during that season. 

Descr. — Rootstock very densely white-woolly at the crown. 
Leaves all radical, ascending, five to ten inches long, one 
to two inches broad, oblanceolate to elongated oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, tapering from above or below the middle 
into the three-quarters of an inch to two inches long 
petiole, entire or obscurely denticulate or slightly crenate, 
thinly or densely pubescent above, more or less cobwebby- 
white-tomentose or nearly glabrous beneath. Peduncle 
one to each growth, four and a half to sixteen inches long, 
white-tomentose. Flower-head solitary, two to three inches 
in diameter ; involucre-scales numerous, the inner about 
half to three-quarters of an inch long, the outer shorter, 
lanceolate, acuminate, more or less cottony-white on the 
back. Florets all bilabiate, those of the ray with four very 
small linear curled segments and one linear-lanceolate 
spreading segment one to one and a third of an inch long 
and one-twelfth to one-sixth of an inch broad, acute or 
two to three toothed at the apex, bright blood-red, yellow 
beneath ; disk florets nearly half an inch long, with one 
broad and two slender linear revolute segments, brownish- 
purple. Anthers tailed, yellow. Stigma exserted, somewhat 
clavate, shortly two-lobed, yellow. Achenes puberulous, 
with violet-purple pappus. — N. E. Brown. 



Fig. 1, a ray-flower, the broad lobe of the corolla cut off at the middle ; 2, a 
bristle of the pappus ; 3, a disk-flower ; 4, anthers ; 5, whole plant, reduced :— 
figs. 1-4 enlarged; fig. 5 abont one-sixth of the natural size. 



8080 




M.S delJ.N.Fitch.ht>i. 



Vine entBro oks, D ay 4.Son.U>.fiop 



L Re eve &. C ? London. 



Tab. 8080. 
GLADIOLUS primulinqs. 

Tropical Africa. 

I ride*. Tribe Ixie*. 
Gladiolus, Linn.; Bentk. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 709. 



Gladiolus primulinus, Baker in Gard. Ghron. 1890, vol. ii. p. 122, et Handb. 
Irideae, p. 222 ; G. quartiniano, A. Rich., valde affinis, perianthii colore 
recedit. 

Cormus globosus, plusquam 1 poll. diam. Folia circa 3, ensiformia, circa 
1t> ped. longa, ad 1 poll, lata, subcoriacea, rigide costata. Scapus ad 
3 ped. altus. Syica 3-5-flora, laxa, secnnda; spatha? valvfe laticeolatae, 
exteriores ad l( poll, longae. Perianthium primulinum, immaculatum ; 
tubus 1 poll, longus, parte superiore valde curvatus ; segmenta superiora 
ovata vel obovata, cucullata, acuminata, 2 poll, longa, \\ poll, lata; 
segmento intermedio genitalia tectante ; segmenta inferiora quam superiora 
multo minora, deflexa. Stamina quam perianthii segmenta dimidio 
breviora. Stylus quam stamina multo longior. 



While this plant has been regarded by Mr. J. Gr. Baker 
(Thiselton-Dyer, FL Trop. Afr. vol. iii. p. 371) as a form of 
G. quartinianus, A. Rich., the distinctive clear primrose 
colour of its flowers, without any tendency to become 
spotted or striped, warrants its retention as a species for 
horticultural purposes. 

It was discovered in the Usagara Mountains in 1887 by 
Mr. J. T. Last, who sent conns to Kew, where flowers were 
first produced in 1890. Since then it has been sent from the 
" Rain Forest," opposite the Victoria Falls, by Mr. Francis 
Fox, engineer of the bridge over the Zambesi, who re-intro- 
duced it into cultivation and flowered it at Wimbledon, and 
later by Mr. C. E. F. Allen, Forester to the Rhodesia Rail- 
ways Co., who describes its habitat as " one of the wettest 
parts near the Falls, — a perpetual deluge." He also states 
that the upper perianth -lobes "form a kind of umbrella for 
the inside of the flower." The plant figured was forwarded 
to Kew by Mr. C. F. H. Monro, of Bulawayo, and flowered 
in a frame in September last. It appears to thrive under 
cultivation, and its exquisite clear yellow flowers make it a 
desirable addition to the cultivated species of this genus. 

Descr. — Corm globose, more than an inch in diameter. 
Leaves about three produced, eusiform, about eighteen 
June 1st, 1906. 



inches long and up to an inch broad, almost coriaceous, 
nerves very prominent when dried. Inflorescence up to 
three feet high ; spike three- to five-flowered, lax, secund ; 
spathe-valves lanceolate, the outer up to an inch and a half 
long. Perianth uniformly primrose-yellow; tube an inch 
long, much curved above ; three upper segments ovate or 
obovate, cucullate, acuminate, two inches long, an inch 
and a quarter wide, the central one entirely covering the 
genitalia; three lower much smaller, deflexed. Stamens 
about half as long as the perianth-lobes. Style much 
longer than the stamens. — C. H. Wright. 



Figs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, stigmas : — all enlarged. 



8081 




MS.deLJ.NJitdilaai. 



LHaeve &.C?Lanilorv_ 



Tab. 8081. 

RHODODENDRON Vaseyi. 

North and South Carolina. 

Ekicace-s;. Tribe Ehodokeje. 
Biiododendeon, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 



Rhododendron Vaseyi, A. Gray in Proe. Amer. Acad. vol. xv. (1880), p. 48. 
in Coulter's Pot. Gaz. vol. viii. p. 282, et Syn. Ft. N. Amer. vol. ii. pt. i. 
(ed. 2), p. 398; J. Bunnell Smith in Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. vol. xv. p. 164; 
C. S. S. in Garden and Forest, vol. i. (1888), p. 376, f. 60 ; Gard. Chron. 
1896, vol. ii. p. 71, f. 14; P. rhombieo, Miq., valde affine, sed fere omnino 
glabratum, foliis augustioribus et longioribus, floribus minoribus, stainini- 
bus 4-7, capsula angustiore et longiore haud aetosa differt. 

Frute.v usque ad 18 ped. altUB, ramulis gracilibus primum breviter pubescentibus 
demntn glabrescentibus. Folia breviter petiolata, membranacea, vivide 
viridia, primum parce vel interdum infra dense pubescentia, mox fere 
glabrata, obovato-oblonga vel oblongo-lanceolata, 2^-5 poll, longa, f-1} 
poll, lata, utrinqae acuta vel acuminata. Flores praecoces, inodori, 4-8 in 
apicibus ramulorum umbellatim diapositi. Pedicelli circiter 5 lin. longi, 
post antbesin recurvati, cum calyce parvo truncato glandulis stipitatis 
instructi. Corolla vivide rosea vel purpurea, interdum fere alba, lobis 
posticia intus basi rubro-punctatis, glaberrima, rotato-campanulata, 
subbilabiata, circiter 1 poll, longa et 1| poll, in diam. ; lobi oblongi vel 
oblongo-obovati, 3 postici 7-9 lin. longi, anticis late patentibus paulum 
breviores. Stamina 5 vel 7, rare 4, inasqualia, longiora ut stylus corollam 
paulum superantia. Ovarium glandulis stipitatis dense instructum. 
Capsula anguste oblonga vel oblongo-ovoidea, circiter i poll, longa, 
reliquiis glandularum scabriuacula, basi styli coronata. 



While possessing many of the qualities of a valuable 
plant for cultivation in our gardens, Rhododendron Vaseyi 
is botanically of considerable interest as an illustration of 
the relationship between the flora of the South-Eastern 
United States and that of China and Japan. The plant 
here figured is known only from North and South Carolina. 
It is totally different from all the other American Rhodo- 
dendrons, while it has a good deal in common with species 
confined to Japan. Asa Gray, in describing B. Vaseyi, 
states that " The American Azaleas previously known 
consist of one aberrant species, R. Mhodora, and of a 
well-marked group (to which R. ponticum also belongs) 
characterized by a long-tubed funnel-form corolla and 
long exserted stamens and style. But the East Asiatic 
species of the same true Azalea subgenus have campanulate 

June 1st, 1906. 



or rotate-campanulate corollas, and some of them very 
deciduous perulse to the separate flower-buds." B. Vaseyi 
11 is one of that group, and it thus adds another to the now 
very numerous cases of remarkable relationship between 
the Chino-Japanese and the Alleghanian floras." It is 
closely allied to B. Albrechtii, Maxim., and perhaps nearer 
still to B. rhombicum, Miq. (t. 6972), and B. dilatatum, 
Miq. (t. 7681) ; all Japanese species. 

B. Vaseyi was first discovered by Mr. G. B. Vasey in 
1878 on Balsam Mountain, Jackson County, North Caro- 
lina. It was afterwards found on Grandfather Mountain, 
Caldwell County, in the same State, and in Cashier's 
Valley, South Carolina. Mr. S. T. Kelsey informs us 
that on Grandfather Mountain it was growing everywhere 
in clumps and patches on the southern and south-eastern 
slopes at 4,500 to 5,500 ft. elevation, but most abundantly 
and vigorously in moist situations. It is associated with 
B. maximum, B. catawbiense, and Kalmia latifolia. 

Professor Sargent mentions that Mr. Faxon, the author 
of the figure in the Garden and Forest, noticed that the 
upper or posterior lobe of the corolla is exterior in the 
expanded flower, a peculiarity not detected in any other 
Bhododendron. The same lobe is innermost in aestivation. 

The Kew plants which furnished the material for the 
accompanying plate were raised from seed received from 
the Arnold Arboretum in 1891. They are perfectly hardy, 
and flower annually early in May. 

Descr. — A shrub attaining a height of eighteen feet ; 
branches slender, at first shortly pubescent, afterwards 
glabrescent. Leaves shortly petiolate, membranous, bright 
green, at first sparingly or sometimes on the underside 
densely pubescent, soon almost glabrous, obovate-oblong 
or oblcng-lanceolate, two and a half to five inches long, 
three-quarters to one and three-quarters of an inch broad, 
acute or acuminate at both ends. Flowers precocious, 
odourless, four to eight in an umbel-like inflorescence at 
the ends of the branches. Pedicels scarcely half an inch 
long, recurved after flowering, covered, as well as the 
small truncate calyx, with stalked glands. Corolla bright 
rose or purple, sometimes almost white, red-spotted inside 
at the base of the upper lobes, quite glabrous, rotate- 
campanulate, two-lipped, about one inch long and one inch 



and a half in diameter ; lobes oblong or oblong-obovate, 
the three upper rather more than half an inch to three- 
quarters of an inch long, slightly shorter than the lower 
widely spreading ones. Stamens five or seven, rarely four, 
unequal, the longer ones and the style slightly exceeding 
the corolla. Ovary densely covered with stalked glands. 
Capsule narrowly oblong or oblong-ovoid, about half an 
inch long, rather scabrid with the remains of the glands, 
crowned by the persistent base of the style. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, calyx aud pistil ; 2 and 3, anthers with part of filaments attached : — 
all enlarged. 




.aal'.J.N'.EitchJith. 



WicenrBrociks Day & SonXtOmp 



X..R£«v© & C° j-andor. 



Tap,. 8082. 

EUPHORBIA PROCUMBENS. 
South Africa. 

Euphorbiace^:. Tribe Eupuorbie.e. 
Euphorbia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 258. 



Euphorbia procumbens, Miller, Diet. ed. 8, no. 12, non auctorum aliorum, 
ex affinitate E. Caput-medusse, Linn., a qua glandulis involucri integris 
diil'ert. 

Uerba succulenta 3-6 poll, alta, inermis, glabra. Caulis crassissimus. 
cylindricus, tuberculatns, 2-4 poll, diam., apice truncatus et ad marginem 
disci stellatim multiramosus. liami patentes vel subdeflexi, usque ad 
6 poll.longi, \-\ poll, crassi, leviter curvati, teretes, tuberculati; tubercula 
subrbomboidea, decurrentia. Folia carnosa, g-j poll, longa, patentis, 
linearia, acuta, supra leviter concava, subtus convexa. Gyathia pedun- 
culata, in caulis truncati et ramorum interiorum apicibus disposita, 
glandulis inclusis $ poll, diam., hemispherica, 5-loba ; lobi late rotundati, 
fimbriati, erecti ; glandulge transverse oblongae, obtusa?, integras, luteas, 
demum rubescentes. Flores masculi numerosi, pedicellis supernepubes- 
centibus. Ovarium trigonum, pubescens ; styli connati ; stigma trilobum, 
lobis late cuneato-obcordatis. — E. pugniformis, Boiss. in DC. Prodr. 
vol. xv. 2, p. 92; Saunders, Eef. Bot. vol. iii. t. 161. E. Caput- medusie, 
var. ft, Linn. Sp. PI. ed. i. p. 452. Medusea procumbens, Haw. Synop. 
PI. Succ. p. 134. Eupliorbium humile, procumbens, ramis simplicibus 
copiosis, caule crassissimo, tuberoso, Burman, PI. Afr. p. 20, t. 10, f. 1. 



Of all the dwarf succulent South African Euphorbia 
this is undoubtedly the most striking from the mass of 
flowers and the contrast of their brilliant colours. It 
appears, however, to be a rare species, though cultivated 
in England before 1768 ; but neither Miller, who described 
it at that date, nor Ha worth, forty-four years later, makes 
any mention of the flowers, which were apparently unknown 
to them. Subsequently it died out of cultivation, and was 
re-introduced by Mr. T. Cooper about 1860. The specimen 
here figured is an old and well-grown plant in the 
possession of Mr. Justus Corderoy, Blewbury, Didcot, 
which flowered in July, 1905. Mr. Corderoy is remark- 
ably successful in the cultivation of succulents, and has 
had the present plant in flower many times. E. procumbens 
is allied to the better known E. Caput-medusss, which 
differs in having green flowers with the glands of the 
involucre 3-toothed, The two previous figures, quoted 
above, represent much younger plants than the one here 

July 1st, 1906. 



depicted, for with age the stem thickens, and the branches 
become more numerous and longer. Barman's figure is 
an excellent representation of the plant as I saw it between 
thirty and forty years ago in Mr. Cooper's collection. 

Descr. — A dwarf, glabrous succulent, three to six inches 
high, with a spread of from five to twelve inches. Stem 
very thick, cylindric, tuberculate, truncate, and forming a 
disk two to four inches in diameter at the top, from which 
spring stellately spreading or slightly deflexed branches in 
few or many series according to age. Branches slightly 
curved, up to six inches long, one-third to one-half of an 
inch thick, terete, tuberculate, bright green; tubercles 
rhomboid, decurrent. Leaves one-eighth to one-third of an 
inch long, spreading, fleshy, narrowly linear, slightly con- 
cave above, convex beneath, green. Mowers (inflorescences) 
very numerous, covering the disk-like top of the stem and 
tips of the short, inner branches, pedunculate. Peduncles 
up to half an inch long, bracteate, with a few oblong or 
elliptic obtuse fimbriate scales at the top, green. Involucre 
cup-shaped, including the glands, about one-third of 
an inch in diameter, five-lobed ; lobes erect, broadly 
rounded, fimbriate ; glands spreading, transversely oblong, 
obtuse, entire, yellow, changing to orange and bright red. 
Male flowers (stamens) numerous, pedicels pubescent on 
the upper half. Female flower (ovary) three-angled, pubes- 
cent ; styles connate; stigma three-lobed, lobes broadly 
cuneate-obcordate, recurved at the apex at maturity.— 
N. E. Brown\ J 

Fig 1, an inflorescence; 2, the same in section; 3, part of the involucre 
with glands and lobes (the latter should be erect) ; 4, pedicel of a male flower 
trom which the stamen has fallen ; 5, male flower ; 6, sketch of the whole 
plant, reduced:— figs. 1-5 enlarged. 



8083 






#' 




L..J 

2 3 

Vmceitf.BL-oo'teDay & SanLtS-Imp 



L Ttee-/e A: C ° L cu^dcm 



Tab. 8083. 
5EUTZIA Wilsoni. 

W. China. 

SaxifragacEjE. Tribe Hydrangea. 
Deutzia, Thunb. ; Benth. et Hook, f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 642. 



Deutzia Wilsoni, Duthie (sp. nov.) ; ex affinitate, D. discoloris Hemsl., sed 
foliis scabrioribus, pedicellis robuetioribus, calycis lobis latioribus, et 
staminum alis angustioribus edentatis. 

Pami rubro-brunnei, cortice cito deciduo. Folia 3-4^ poll, longa, 1-H lata, 
discoloria, oblongo-lanceolata vel elliptica, acuta vel breviter acuminata, 
basi rotnndata vel cuneata, crebre calloso-serrulata, utrinque (subtus 
densissime) squamis minutis stellatis vestita, venis primariis subtus 
elevatis hispidulis, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo superne profunde sulcato. 
Flores albi, 10 lin. diametro, laxiuscule paniculati ; iuflorescentire ramulis 
quadrangularibus flavo-brunneis. Braotetv circa J poll, longa?, lineares 
vel lineari-lanceolataB, decidual, marginibus ciliatis. Pedicelli 2-3 lin. 
longi, squamigeri. Calyx 3 lin. longus ; tubus hemisphaaricus, squamis 
albis stellatis dense indutus ; lobi persistentes, tubum aequantes, ovato- 
oblongi, obtusi vel obscure mncronati, intus glabri, marginibus ciliati. 
Petala obovata, extra puberula, marginibus undulata, apice cucullata. 
Stamina decern, alterna breviora, rilamentis petaloideis longioribus 
sursum sensim attennatis brevioribus abrupte angulatis baud bilobis ; 
antheraa minute pilosas. Styli ties, persistentes. Cajosula hemispbserica, 
3-locularis, calycis lobis persistentibus coronata. 



A very handsome shrub, resembling in general appear- 
ance I), discolor. It may, however, be distinguished by its 
more hairy and scabrous foliage, and by its more robust 
branchlets and pedicels ; also the calyx-lobes are shorter 
and broader, the corolla, when fully expanded, is flatter, 
and not cup-shaped, and the winged filaments are much 
narrower, and not bilobed towards the apex. It was 
discovered in Western China by Mr. E. H. Wilson. The 
drawing and description were prepared from fresh material 
supplied by Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons last year, during 
the month of June. 

Descr. — Branches reddish brown, bark soon peeling. 
Leaves three to four and a half inches long, and about 
one to one and a half inches broad, oblong-lanceolate or 
elliptic, acute, or shortly and obliquely acuminate, rounded 
or cuneate at the base, scabrous on both surfaces, with 
stellate hairs, paler beneath, and with the midrib and veins 
hispidulous, teeth of serrate margins with callous tips ; 
July 1st, 1906. 



petiole one-sixth of an inch to one->third of an inch long, 
deeply channelled above. Flowers five-sixths of an inch 
across, almost flat when fully expanded, pure white, 
arranged in rather open trichotoraous panicles ; primary 
branches of inflorescence, quadrangular, yellowish brown ; 
bracts deciduous, half an inch or less, falcately linear- 
lanceolate, margins ciliate; pedicels one-sixth of an inch to 
a quarter of an inch long, rough with stellate hairs. Calyx 
a quarter of an inch long ; tube hemispheric, densely 
clothed outside with scattered groups of minute white, 
stellate hairs ; lobes as long as the tube, ovate-oblong, 
obtuse or obscurely mucronate, glabrous, and dark green 
within, margins ciliate. Petals obovate, puberulous" out- 
side, margins undulate, tip cucullate. Stamens alternately 
long and short. The longer ones one-third of an inch 
long, the winged filaments tapering gradually upwards; 
short stamens a quarter of an inch long, the wings 
abruptly angular upwards, not bilobed ; anthers minutely 
pilose. Fruiting-calyx one third of an inch across, lobes 
spreading or reflexed. Styles 3, persistent. Capsule 
hemispheric, three-celled. — J. F. Duihie. 

Fig. 1. calyx and pistil ; 2 and 3, stamens :— all enlarged. 



8081 




■ del JJOrltchliih.. 



VmcentBrooks.Day lSan-Lt*fc3> 



L.Reeve & ''^Landon 



Tab. 8084. 
PAPHIOPEDILtJM GLAC70OPHTLLUM. 

Java. 



Orchidaceac. Tribe Cypripedie.e. 

Paphiopedilum, Pfi/zerMorphol. Stud. Orchideenbl. p. 11 (char, emend.) ; Rolfe 
in Orch. Rev. 1896, p. 363. 



Paphiopedilum gdaucophyllum, J. J. .Smith in Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitms. 
vol. vii. (1900), p. 1; Ic. Bogor. vol. ii. t. 10], fig. A ; Orch. Jav. p. 22 ; 
Orch. Rev. 1905, pp. 29, 208, fig. 41 ; aff. P. Cfiamberlainiano, Pfitzer, 
sed foliis latioribus concoloribus glaucesceniibus et petalis pubescentibus 
differt. 

Herba terrestris, ctcspitosa. Folia oblonga, obtusa, glaucescentia, 6-9 poll, 
longa, lf-2J poll. lata. Scapi erecti, pubescentes, 1— 1A ped. longi, din 
persisteutes et florentes, apice recurvi. Bracteee late cymbiformes, 
obtusaa, |-1 poll. longre, dorso pubescentes. Fedicelli circa 2 poll, longi, 
pubescentes. Flores seriatim evoluti, speciosi. Sepalum postieum sub- 
orbiculare, obtusum, subundulatum, circa lj poll, latum, viride, pallide 
lateo-marginatum; sepala lateralia connata, valde concava, postico minora. 
Petala patentia, subhorizontalia, lineari-oblonga, obtusa, spiraliter torta 
et undulata, ciliata, circa If poll, longa, alba, purpureo-maculata. 
Lahellum circa 1^ poll, longum ; saccus inflatus, roseo-purpureus, punc- 
tnlatus, viridi-marginatus ; lobi laterales angulati. Staminodium ovatum, 
obtusum, convexum, purpureum, basi viride, pilosum. — Cyvripedium 
(ilaucophyllum, Gard. Chron. 1903, ii. p. 405, fig. 161, cum ic. pict. ; Rev. 
Hort. Belg, 1904, p. 193, cum ic. col. 



There is a very natural section of the genus Paphiopedi- 
lum, differing from all others in having a persistent in- 
florescence, which gradually elongates, producing bracts 
and flowers in succession for a long period. It contains 
three species, two of which, both natives of Sumatra, and 
having marbled leaves, have already been figured in this 
work. The original species, P. Chamberlainianum, Pfitzer 
(t. 7578), has an inflated lip, and the dorsal sepal and 
petals striped, and P. Victor ia-M a rLx, Rolfe (t. 7573), has 
a more elongated lip, without brown stripes. That now 
figured completes the group, and, though quite similar in 
habit, is markedly different in its glaucous, unmarbled 
leaves, and very hairy petals, blotched with red-purple, 
though the dorsal sepal is without stripes, in this respect 
most resembling P. Victoria-Marias. 

P. glaucophyllum, J. J. Smith, is a native of East Java, 
and was discovered by Mr. J. J. Smith, of the Buitenzorg 

July 1st, 1906. 



Botanic Garden, near Turen, and described in 1900. Soon 
afterwards it was met with by M. Rimestad, a collector of 
Orchids in Java, who sent a drawing to Europe, and 
ultimately living plants, one of which was exhibited at a 
meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society in September, 
1903, by Messrs. Charlesworth & Co. The plant figured 
was purchased by Kew from Messrs. Sander & Sons, and 
began to flower in a Tropical House in October, 1905, 
continuing for a long period. At the present time another 
inflorescence is following the same course. 

Descr. — A terrestrial, tufted herb. Leaves oblong, obtuse, 
glaucous, six to nine inches long, one and three-quarters to 
two and a quarter inches broad. Scape erect, pubescent, 
with dull brownish green hairs, gradually elongating and 
producing flowers in succession for a long period, recurved 
at the growing apex, ultimately a foot and a half or more 
long. Dorsal sepal suborbicular, somewhat undulate, an 
inch and a quarter across, yellowish green with a primrose 
yellow margin; lateral sepals united into a concave oblong 
body, rather narrower than the dorsal, hirsute. Petals 
spreading, nearly horizontal, linear-oblong, obtuse, spirally 
twisted and undulate, strongly cihate, about an inch and 
three-quarters long, white, with numerous bright red- 
purple blotches. Lip about an inch and a half long; the 
pouch inflated, light rose-purple, with darker dots, and a 
light green margin ; side lobes angled. Staminode ovate, 
obtuse, convex, pilose, purple, with a green base. — R. A. 

ROLFE. 

Fig. 1, column, showing the staminode and stigma; 2, the same with half 
the staminode removed, showing one of the stamens -. — both enlarged. 



8085 




MS del,J.NTiW,litK 



VLncentflroolcsJIay&SanLt*!^ 



i Reeve &_C °. Lankan. 



Tab. 8085. 
grurania malacophylla. 

Upper Amazons. 

Cucubbitace^:. Tribe Cucumekine^. 
Gurania, Gogti. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Belgique, vol. xiv. p. 239 ; DO. Monogr. 
Phanerog. vol. iii. p. 678. — Anguria, Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. 
p. 833, partim. 

Gurania malacophylla, Barb. Bodr. PI. Nov. Jard. Bio de Janeiro, fasc. iv. 
p. 10, t. 3 ; ab affini G. sylvatica, Cogn., calycis segmentia latioribus 
reflexis et petalis angustioribus recedit. 

" Planta alte scandens, ramulis cylindraceis, junioribus viridi-pilosis, adultis 
glabriusculis, suberoso-sulcatis." Folia juniora late ovata, seniora plus 
minus alte trilobata vel interdum subquinquelobata, omnia breviter acu- 
minata, basi satis profunde emarginata, 4-8 poll, longa, 3-6 poll, lata, 
margine minute denticulata, supra breviter, subtus longe villosa ; petiolus 
teres, 1-3 poll, longus, longiuscule villosus, supra canaliculatus. Flores 
masculi apice pedunculi 6-16 poll, longi, longe villosi, globoso-capitati. 
Calycis tubus extra dense villosus, intus ellipsoideus, 2 lin. longus ; lobi 
lineari-lanceolati, sub anthesi refiexi, circa 7 lin. longi, 1-1£ lin. lati, extra 
dense villosi, intus sparsiuscule pubescentes. Petala erecta, obtuse 
lineari-subulata, 2 lin longa, f lin. lata, breviter pubescentia, basi intus 
pilis longioribus moniliformibus munita. Antherie suborbiculares, inferne 
replicataa, connectivo lato mutico. Flores feminei et fructus ignoti. — 
G. eriantha, E. Andre in Revue Horticole, 1904, p. 388, cum tab., non 
Cogn. 

The figure is from a specimen communicated iu December 
last by Mr. Ed. Andre. As the plant has been referred to 
G. eriantha, it seems desirable to mention the chief differ- 
ences between the two species. The inflorescence of G. 
eriantha is spicate ; that of G. malacophylla is capitate. 
The petals of G. eriantha are destitute of moniliform hairs, 
arid are only slightly shorter than the suberect sepals ; 
whereas those of G. malacophylla have a tuft of moniliform 
hairs at the base, and are rather less than one-third as long- 
as the reflexed sepals. 

Most, if not all, of the species of Gurania are dioecious, 
and it is a curious fact that whereas the male plant is 
known iu all the fifty-seven described species, the female 
plant is known in no more than nine, or less than one-sixth. 
It seems probable that the male plants are much more 
numerous than the female, though the relative incon- 
spicuousness of the female flowers may, no doubt, often 
cause them to be overlooked. 

The genus Gurania has not hitherto been represented 

July 1st, 1906. 



in. this Magazine. It was separated from Anguria by 
Cogniaux, on account of the linear or narrowly triangular 
fleshy petals, which are shorter than the sepals, and erect 
or connivent. The petals of Anguria are membranous and 
suborbicular, and are much larger than the sepals. A good 
idea of the differences between the two genera may be 
obtained by comparing t. 5304, Anguria Warsceiviczii, with 
the present figure. 

Descr. — A tall climber. Stem terete, villous in a young 
state, afterwards nearly glabrous. Leaves broadly ovate, 
or more or less deeply three-lobed, more rarely nve-lobed, 
shortly acuminate, rather deeply emarginate at the base, 
four to eight inches long, three to six inches broad, 
minutely toothed, villous on both surfaces ; petiole terete, 
channelled above, one to three inches long, villous. Male 
flowers in a globose head; peduncle six to sixteen inches 
long, villous with long hairs. Calyx-tube densely villous 
outside, the cavity ellipsoid, one-sixth of an inch long ; 
lobes linear-lanceolate, reflexed, over half an inch long, 
one-tw T elfth to one-tenth of an inch broad, densely villous 
outside, rather sparsely pubescent inside. Petals erect, 
linear-subulate, one-sixth of an inch long, one-thirtieth of 
an inch broad, shortly pubescent, with a tuft of longer, 
moniliform hairs at the base. Anthers suborbicular, repli- 
cate below; connective broad, muticous. Female flowers 
and fruit unknown. — T. A. Speague. 



Fig. 1, margin of leaf; 2, a flower with two of the calyx segments cut away ; 
3, hair from calyx; 4, longitudinal section of flower with calyx removed, 
showing stamens: — all enlarged. 



8086 




MS.dfiLJN.Fit<3\Mk 



Vincent Broaks,D^*. SanTjASnp 



L Reeve <5tC ° Larulim 



Tab. 8086. 

GENISTA CINEREA. 

Western Mediterranean Region. 

LEGUMiNOSiB. Tribe Genisteje. 
Genista, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 482. 



Genista cinerea, DC. Fl. Frang. vol. iv. p. 494; JSeichenb. Ic. Fl. Germ. 
vol. xxii. tab. 41, fig. 1 et 2; G. ramosissimee, Poir., affinis, sed indumento 
novellorum et foliorum (subtus) texiuiore adpresso sericeo et pedicellis 
distinctis diversa. 

Frutex 1-3 ped. altus, ramosissimus, ramis vh-gatis sulcato-striatis gracilibua 
junioribus magis minusve argenteo-sericeis adultis glabratis ob foliorum 
pulvinulos persistentes tuberculatis tandem cortice fusco-cinereo tectis. 
Folia sessilia, unifoliolata, eparsa in macrocladiis, dense congesta quasi 
fasciculata in brachycladiis floriferis, ilia lanceolata vel lineari-lanceolata, 
acuta, circiter \ poll, longa, f poll, lata, haec (fasciculorum) multo breviora, 
oblonga vel obovato-oblonga, obtusa, omnia facie glabra, dorso magis 
minusve sericea ; stipulae obscurae. Flores plerumque 2, rarius 1 vel ad 4, 
approximati ad brachycladiorum apices, secundum macrocladia quasi in 
racemos longos dispositi, 2-bracteolati ; pedicelli 1— lj lin. (in cultis ad 
2 lin.) longi ; bracteolae subulatae, minutse. Calyx persistens. circiter 2 lin. 
longus. sericeus, labio supero ad basin in dentes triangulari-lanceolatoa fisso 
tubum aequante vel paulo snperante, labio infero quam supero longiore 
breviter 3-dentato. Corolla aurea, marcescens, fere semipollicaris ; 
vexillum subrotundum, emarginatum, abrupte in unguem contractnm, in 
dorso medio parce sericeum vel totum glabrum ; alse glabrae ; carina obtusa, 
alis paulo longior, sericea. Legumen lanceolato-oblongum, breviter acute 
acuminatum, ^-fpoll. longum, sericeum vel sericeo-villosum, 2-5-spermum. 
Semina reniformi-ovoidea, spadicea vel fusca, nitida. — Spartium cinereum, 
Vill. Prosp. F. Daupb. p. 40. 



Genista cinerea is a characteristic constituent of the bush 
vegetation and the underwood of the forests of the western 
Mediterranean region. In France it has its northern limit 
approximately at 45° N. Lat. In Spain it ascends to 6,000 
feet in the Sierra Nevada. It has been in cultivation for 
a very long time, although it does not seem to have received 
the attention it deserves on account of its copious brilliantly 
yellow flowers. It flowers at Kew in June. 

JDescr. — A shrub one to three feet high, with very 
numerous erect slender grooved branches ; all the young 
parts more or less silvery-silky ; old branches tubercled 
from the persistent leaf-cushions, at length covered with 
greyish-brown bark. Leaves sessile, unifoliolate, scattered 
on the long-shoots, densely fascicled on the short-shoots 

July 1st, 1906. 



(foliar spurs) which bear the flowers ; those of the long- 
shoots lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, acute, about half an 
inch long, an eighth of an inch broad, those of the short- 
shoots much shorter, oblong or obovate-oblong, obtuse, all 
glabrous above and more or less silky-pubescent below ; 
stipules obscure. Flowers usually two, rarely one or up to 
four, terminal from the short-shoots, bibracteolate ; pedicels 
one-twelfth to one-eighth (in cultivated specimens to one- 
sixth) of an inch long ; bracteoles subulate, minute. 
Calyx persistent, about one-sixth of an inch long, silky; 
upper lip divided to the base into two acute triangular- 
lanceolate teeth ; lower lip slightly longer, shortly three- 
toothed. Corolla brilliant yellow, persistent and drying 
up, almost half an inch long ; standard subrotund, emar- 
ginate, abruptly contracted into the short claw, silky along 
the middle or quite glabrous ; wings glabrous : keel obtuse, 
slightly exceeding the wings, silky. Pod lanceolate-oblong, 
shortly and acutely acuminate, one-half to two-thirds of 
an inch long, silky or almost villous, 2-5-seeded. Seed 
reniform ovoid, brown, shining. — Otto Stapf. 



Fig. 1, leaf; 2, calyx, stamens, and pistil; 3, pistil; 4, fruit; 5, seed. 



M". S .del J.N. FiUJvith 




Vincent Brooks Day < 



L Reeve &. C"? London. 



Tab. 8087. 
KHODOSTACHYS pitoaibnii folia. 

Chin. 



Bromeliace^:. Tribe Bromeue^. 
Rhodostachys, Phil. : Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 662. 



Rhodostachys pitcairniifolia, Benth. in Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant. 
vol. iii. p. 662; Baker, Handb. Bromel. p. 28; B. andinee, Phil. (Bot. Mag. 
t. 7148) affinis ; hsec vero foliis angustioribus, petalis carneis differt. 

Caulis brevis, apice ramos breves nonnullos gerens. Folia plura, dense 
conferta, e basi ovato-triangulari ensiforraia, circa 1 ped. longa, basi 1 poll, 
lata, primum albo-lepidota, demum fere glabra, in marginibus spinis 
incurvis 4 poll, distantibus instructa, intima facie superiore splendide 
rubra. Flores in capitulo centrali seasili circa 2 poll, diametro dense 
conferti. Sepala anguste lanceolato-acuminata, fere 1 poll, longa, 
primum extus dense albo-lepidota. Petala coerulea, quam sepala pauilo 
longiora, oblonga, obtusa, erecta, basi intus callis duobus parvis in- 
structa. Stamina quam petala pauilo breviora; filamenta basi dila- 
tata; antheras lineares, luteae, circa 5 lin. longa? ; pollinis granuke Jeeves, 
50 p. diam. Ovarium oblongum, plano-convexum, parte superiore 
pubescente; stylus basi incrassatus,quam antheraB dimidio brevior; stig- 
mata tria, brevia. — Bromelia pitcairniifolia, C. Koch, Wochenschr. 1868, 
p. 325, and 1870, p. 149. B. Joinvillei, Morren in Belg. Hort. 1876, 
p. 161, tt. 10-11. Hechtia pitcairniifolia, Verlot in Rev. Hort. 1868, 
p. 211, cum icon. Billbergia Joinvillei, Van Houtte, Catal. 1871, n. 138. 
Pourretia Joinvillei, Hort. ex Chatin in Journ. Soc. Centr. Hortic. 
France, 1871, p. 360. P.flexilis and P. mexicana, Hort. ex Morren in 
Belg. Hort. 1876, p. 163.. Fascicularia pitcairniifolia, Mez in DC. 
Monogr. Phan. vol. ix. p. 10. 



The plant figured flowered for the first time in November 
last, in the collection of Major W. L. Harvey at Tredarvah, 
Penzance, having been originally brought from Germany 
by the late Mrs. Harvey over thirty years ago. There are 
numerous large plants at Kew, one of which, on the 
authority of Mr. W. Watson, the Curator, flowered ten to 
fifteen years ago, but not since. Plants sent from Kew to 
Tresco are stated by Mr. Dorrien-Smith to flower there 
annually in the open air. The species first flowered 
in cultivation in 1866 in M. Luddemann's garden in 
Paris ; since then it has done so at several places on the 
continent. 

As can be seen from the above quoted synonymy, Rhodo- 
stachys pitcamiifolia has been placed in several different 
genera. Mez (in Mart. Flor. Bras. vol. iii. pars ii. p. 627) 
constitutes for it a new genus, Fascicularia, of which he 
gives as diagnostic characters, " petalis ligulatis pollineque 

August 1st, 1906. 



insigne," but these appear to us of insufficient value for 
generic rank. 

When in flower, the contrasted colours of the flowers, 
together with that of the surrounding leaves, make it 
highly decorative; at other times its densely csespitose 
habit and easy cultivation make it a desirable plant in a 
collection. 

Descr. — Stem short, thick, bearing several short branches. 
Leaves numerous and crowded, ensiform from an ovate 
triangular base, about one foot long, one inch wide at the 
base, almost glabrous when adult, thinly white-lepidote on 
both sides when young, margins with short, upcurved 
spines about four lines apart, the innermost bright red on 
the basal part of the upper surface. Flowers in a dense 
central sessile head about two inches in diameter. Sepals 
nearly an inch long, at first densely white-lepidote outside, 
narrowly lanceolate-acuminate. Petals blue, a little longer 
than the sepals, oblong, obtuse, erect, bearing two small 
calli near their base on the inner side. Stamens slightly 
shorter than the petals ; filaments dilated below ; anthers 
yellow, linear, about five lines long; pollen subglobose, 
smooth. Ovary oblong, plano-convex, hairy in the upper 
part ; style thickened below, reaching to the middle of the 
anthers ; stigmas three, short. — C. H. Wright. 

Fig. 1, braeteole; 2, Hower; 3, section of flower; 4, a petal with calli and 
bases of stamens ; 5, apex of style ; 6, ovule :— all enlarged. 




H.T.D. del, JXFitdi litK. 



\5ncent Bro<w=,Day ASon-Lt^ 



L."Ri>eve & C? Lanikni.. 



Tab. 8083. 

BULBOPHYLLUM Ebicusobi. 

] — 

Malay Archipelago. 



OrchidacevK. Tribe EriDENDRR/E. 
Bitlbopiiylltjm, Thouars ; Bentli. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 501. 



Bulbophyllum Ericssoni, Krdnd. in Gard. Ohron. 1893, vol. ii. p. 522; 
1897, vol. i. p. 61, fig. 16; a, B. Pahudi, Eeichb. f., sepalis multo latioribus 
insigniter maculatis differt. 

Herba epiphytica, rhizomate repente valido. Pseudohulbi distantes, lineari- 
oblongi, monophylli, basi vaginis membranaceis obtecti, circa Z\ poll, 
longi. Folia petiol.ita, elliptico-oblonga, obtnsa, subcoriacea, circa 5-6 
poll, longa, 2-2 £ poll. lata. Scapi suberecti, apice decurvati, circa 6-7 
poll, longi, vaginis spathaceis obtecti. Flores speciosi, umbellati, virides, 
purpureo-raaculati. Bracteie ovato-lanceolata), acuminata?, J-f poll. 
longao. Pedicelli 6-8 lin. longi. Sepalum posticum late lanceolatum, 
caudato-acuminatum, 2f-3 poll, longum, 5-7 lin. latum, apice esepe 




poll, longa, basi circa 4 lin. lata. Labellum cordato-triangulare, acutum, 
recurvurn, lateraliter snbcompressum, circa 7-8 lin. longum, auricula 
rotundatis. Columna latissima, circa 3 lin. longa; basi in pedem attenua- 
turo, circa 9 lin. longum extensum ; dentes oblongi, obtnsi. 



Bulbophyllum Ericssoni, KranzL, is a member of a very 
small but striking group which, so far as our knowledge 
extends, is limited to the Malay Archipelago and Penin- 
sula. It was discovered by Mr. Ericsson, a traveller for 
Messrs. Sander & Sons, and was described from dried 
specimens in 1893. The flowers were not inaptly com- 
pared with those of a large Chimaeroid Masdevallia, for the 
general shape, combined with the green ground colour and 
purple spotting, is more comparable with that group than 
with anything in its own genus. The habitat, as is too 
often the case, was not recorded, and although when it 
flowered some four years later, in the collection of the 
Hon. Walter Kothschild, M.P., and was figured in the 
Gardener's Chronicle, with the remark that, " it is probably 
a native of New Guinea," we cannot learn that the remark 
was more than an inference. The plant here figured 
flowered in the collection of Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart., 
Burford, Dorking, in October, 1899. Mr. White, Sir 
Trevor's Orchid grower, observed that, " the flowers 

August 1st, 1906. 



close partially at night, and open again in the morning," 
which has not been noticed in any other species of 
Bulbophyllum. 

The other known species of the group are B. Pahudii, 
Reichb. f. (Fl. des Serres, t. 2268), B. Binnendijldi, J. J. 
Smith, both natives of Java; B. virescens, J. J. Smith 
(Ic. Bogor. vol. ii. t. 119, fig. A.), a native of Amboina, 
and B. maximum, Rid!., from Malacca. Of these only 
B. virescens is known to be in cultivation. It has light 
green, unspotted flowers, of about the same size as those 
of B. Ericssoni. 

Descr. — An epiphytic herb, about a foot and a half high, 
with a stout, creeping rhizome. Pseudobulbs distant, 
linear-oblong, about three and a half inches long, with 
large, membranous sheaths at the base, one-leaved. Leaves 
petioled, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, subcoriaceous, five to six 
inches long by two to two and a quarter inches broad. 
Scapes subcrect, about six to seven inches high, with a 
few spathaceous sheaths below, somewhat decurved near the 
apex. Flowers umbellate, large, green, spotted with 
purple-brown, and with some red-brown markings in front. 
Bracts ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, half to three-quarters 
of an inch long. Pedicels half an inch or more long. 
Dorsal sepal broadly lanceolate, acuminate, two and three- 
quarters to three inches long, about half an inch broad, 
often spirally curved at the apex ; lateral sepals triangular 
at the base, with a long, caudate, spirally curved apex, as 
long as the dorsal sepal, by about half an inch broad at 
the base. Petals narrowly triangular at the base, caudate- 
attenuate above, and often somewhat twisted, an inch and 
a half long, by a third of an inch broad at the base. Lip 
triangular from a broadly cordate base, somewhat com- 
pressed laterally, and with an acute, strongly recurved 
apex, over half an inch long. Column very broad, about 
a quarter of an inch long ; base attenuated into a narrow 
foot, about three-quarters of an inch long; teeth oblong, 
obtuse. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, flower from which the sepals and petals have been removed ; 
2, column attached to pedicel; 3, lip; 4, petal; 5, anther ; 6 and 7, pollinia 
seen from front and side : — all enlarged. 



8083 







M. S . deL J. N Jitdhlifh 



■^icerttBro dksi) av'&S csUr^£ 



L Reeve &-C.°XanjiarL 



Tab. 8089. 

BORONIA FASTIGIATA. 

Western Australia. 

Rutace*. Tribe Borosie^. 
Borcnia, Sm.. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 291. 



Boronia fastigiata, BarlJ. in PI. Preiss. vol. i. p. 167 ; Regel, Gartenfl. 1857, 
p. 147 ; Benth. Fl. Austr. vol. i. p. 326 ; a speciebus ceteris sectionis 
Pedunculatse foliis parvis obovatis distincta. 

Frutex erectus, usque 6 ped. altus, snperne fastigiato-ramosus. Folia sessilia, 
obovata, 3-6 lin. longa, l|-3 lin. lata, apice rotundata vel apiculata, 
rarius paullo retusa, basi obtuse cuueata vel rotundata, minute denticu- 
lata vel subintegra, glabra. GymiB corymbosae, pluriflorae ; pedicelli sub- 
angulati, superne incrassati, circa -| poll, longi. Sepala late ovata, 
breviter acutiuscule acuminata, circa 2 lin. longa, 1-1J lin. lata, intus 
minute pubescentia. Fetala imbricata, obtuse rhomboidea, 3 lin. longa, 
2J lin. lata, rosea, stria dorsali purpurea. Stamina subconformia, epi- 
sepala paullo majora ; filamenta applanata, ad apicem sensim angustata, 
circa 1 lin. longa, longe patenter ciliata, superne dorso glaudulifera, ultra 
insertionem antbera> breviter producta ; antherse oblongae, muticse, \-\ 
lin. longse. Ovaria ultra \ lin. longa, stylis propriis brevissimis, stylo 
commnni circa ^ lin. longo, apice paullo incrassato. Cocci trnncati, 
elevato-punctati. — B. hypericifolia, Ho it. ex Regel, Gartenfl. 1857, p. 152. 



Boronia fastigiata is a charming greenhouse plant, which 
has been in cultivation for at least half a century, but has 
not hitherto been adequately figured. Planted out in a 
bed in the Temperate House, it has formed a bush six feet 
high and four feet through, which was covered with 
flowers in April, 1905. It was grown at Kew fifteen years 
ago under the name Boronia polygalifolia, and the plant 
from which our figure is taken was raised from seed 
received from the Sydney Botanic Gardens in 1899 
under the same name. The two species are, however, not 
very nearly related. 

An interesting morphological character of Boronia is 
that the four ovaries are free from each other, though the 
styles are united for the greater part of their length. It 
recalls in this respect the structure of Asclepiadacese, 
where the two carpels are, however, united only at the 
apex of the styles. 

Descr. — An erect,f astigiatelybranched bush, six feet bio-h 
or less. Leaves sessile, obovate, one-quarter to half an inch 
long, one-eighth to one-quarter of an inch broad, rounded 

August 1st, 1906. 



or apiculate at the apex, occasionally slightly retuse, 
obtusely wedge-shaped, or rounded at the base, minutely 
denticulate or nearly entire, glabrous. Cymes corym- 
bose, several-flowered ; pedicels rather angular, thickened 
towards the apex, about half an inch long. Sepals broadly 
ovate, shortly acuminate, about one-sixth of an inch long, 
one-twelfth to one-eighth of an inch broad, minutely 
pubescent on the inner surface. Petals imbricate, obtusely 
rhomboid, one-quarter of an inch long, one-fifth of an inch 
broad, rose-coloured, with a purple band on the back. 
Stamens nearly uniform, those opposite the sepals slightly 
larger ; filaments flattened, gradually narrowed to the 
apex, about one-twelfth of an inch long, long-ciliate, pro- 
duced for a short distance above the insertion of the 
anther, the upper part covered with wart-like glands on 
the back ; anthers oblong, muticous. Ovaries rather over 
a twenty-fourth of an inch long; styles free for a very 
short distance at the base, the common portion about a 
twenty-fourth of an inch long, slightly thickened at the 
apex. Cocci truncate, dotted. — T. A. Sprague. 

Fig. 1, flower from which the petals have been removed ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 
4, pistil ; 5, section of pistil -.—all enlarged. 



8090 




M. 5 del J.N KtdUith. 



-SfincentBroaksD^-ASonJ^JBij 



I Reeve &C?LarLdojL 



Tab. 8090. 

CODONOPSIS Tangshen. 

China. 

OAiirANULACExE. Tribe Campanule^. 
CoDONorsis, Wall. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 557. 



Codonopsis Tanershen, Oliv. in Hook. Ic. Plant. 1. 1966 ; G. lanceolatse, Benth. 
et Hook. f. affinis, sed petiolis longioribus, foliis tenuioribus plus minusve 
pubescentibus basi rotundatis, norilms longius pedunculitis et calyce 
profundius partito vix basi ovario adnato differt. 

Herba perennis radice sat longa valde incrassata. Caules volubiles, graciles, 
usque ad 10 ped. longi, laxe ramosi, glaberrimi vel juxta nodos parce 
pubescentes. Folia me'mbranacea, ovata vel ovato-ianceolata, lJ-2^ poll, 
longa, J— 1J poll, lata, obtusiuseula, basi rotundata vel rare subeuneata, 
remote crenato-serrata, plus minusve minute setnloso-pubescentia, rarius 
fere omriino glabrata; petioli gracillimi, saspe J-f poll, longi. Pedunculi 
usque ad 2| poll, longi, foliis oppositi vel extra-axillares vel flores ramulos 
breves terminantes. Calyx profunde partitus, fere omnino liber, per- 
sisted, segmentis oblongo-lanceolatis 6-10 lin. longis 2-3^ lin. latis 
acutis vel obtusiusculis. Gorolla campanulatn, lj 1| poll, longa, 
viridescens, intus purpureo-punctata et purpureo-lineata; "lobi 5, late 
deltoidei, acuti, circiter J poll, longi. Gapsula subglobosa, 1 poll, diam., 
basi calyce deflexo appendiculata. 



Codonopsis includes eighteen species, all Asiatic, and 
chiefly natives of the Himalayan region, where ten are 
found. G. rotundifolia, Royle, was figured at t. 4942 of 
this work, and the variety graiidiflora at t. 5018. C. cor- 
data, Hassk. (t. 5372) is now referred to Campanumma^ 
which chiefly differs from Codonopsis in having a baccate 
instead of a capsular fruit. 

The species here figured is of interest on account of its 
root yielding a drug in very common use as a tonic among 
the Chinese, to whom the plant is known as the '* T'ang- 
shen" (Bastard Ginseng). Mr. E. H.Wilson, who col- 
lected seeds and specimens for Messrs. James Veitcli & 
Sons, states that it is common in thickets on the mountains 
of Hupeh and Szechuen, between 5,000 and 8,000 feet. 
It is found also in Shensi and Shansi. The annual exports 
of the drug from Hankow to other parts of China amount 
to some 9,000 piculs— about 1,200,000 lbs. 

The figure was prepared from specimens received from 
Messrs. James Yeitch & Sons in August, 1903. A plant 

August 1st, 1906. 



obtained from the same source is growing in the Rocker} 7 
at Kew. 

Descr. — A perennial herb with a rather long, much- 
thickened root. Stems twining, slender, up to ten feet 
long, loosely branched, quite glabrous, or sparingly pubes- 
cent near the nodes. Leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, an 
inch and a quarter to two inches and a half long, half an 
inch to an inch and a quarter wide, rather obtuse, rounded, 
or rarely somewhat cuneate at the base, remotely crenate- 
serrate, more or less minutely pubescent, rarely becoming 
quite glabrous ; petioles very slender, usually half to three- 
quarters of an inch long. Peduncles up to two inches and 
three-quarters long, opposite to the leaves or extra- 
axillary, or the flowers sometimes terminating short 
branches. Calyx deeply cleft, almost quite free, persis- 
tent ; segments oblong-lanceolate, half to about three- 
quarters of an inch long, a sixth to nearly a third of an 
inch wide, acute, or somewhat obtuse. Corolla campanu- 
late, an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half long, 
greenish, purple-spotted and -striped inside ; lobes broadly 
deltoid, acute, about a quarter of an inch long. Capsule 
subglobose, an inch across, appendaged at the base with 
the deflexed calyx.— S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, section of the flower with the corolla removed ; 2 and 3, anthers ; 
4, stigma :— all enlarged. 



8691 




iCS.aaLJUPrtchh.th. 



L Reeve 8cC?Landaa 



\5ncentBrool<s,DiBr&Sanit*Bi* 



Tab. 8091. 
HEDYSARUM MULTIJUGUM, var. apiculatum. 

Central Asia. 



Leguminos/E. Tribe Hedysarkje. 



Hedysarum, Linn. ; Bentli. et RooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 510; Fedtsch. i» 
Bull. Rerh. Boiss. Ser. i. vol. vii. p. 254. 



Hedysarum multijugum, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Sri. St. Petet-sh. vol. xxvii. 
p. 464, var. apiculatum, Sprague, var. nov. ; a typo i'oliolis paucioribus 
apiculatis supra glabris recedit. 

Frutex usque 4 ped. altus, e basi ramosus, ramia asceudentibus basi 1 poll, 
dia metro vel ultra, ramulis fastigiatis gracilibus flexuosis leviter costatis 
ut folii rhachi et iutlorescentia minute appresse pubescentibus. Folia 3-6 
poll. loDga, 8-13-biga, rhachi supra excavata ; foliola elliptico- vel ovato- 
ol.longa, acute apiculata, 2fc-9 lin. longa, l|-4 lin. lata, supra glabra, 
subtus minute appresse pubescentia. Stipukv deltoidea?, acuminata?, 
2-3 lin. longse. Racemi \-\ ped. longi, 9-25-flori ; pedicelli 1 lin. longi ; 
bractea? subulatre, extra piloere, circa 1 lin. longas ; bracteolse bracteis con- 
formes, minores. Gahjx postice ultra medium spathaceo-fissus, extra minute 
appresse pubescens, circa 3 lin. longus ; d^ns anticns usque ad 1 lin. 
longns, ceteri ei suba;quales vel obsoleti. Ve.viUum suborbiculare, retu- 
sum, circa 7 lin. diametro, ungne I lin. longo. Aim insequales, ad apicem 
attenuate, 3-4| lin. 1 mgae. Carinse se^menta 5 lin. ionga. vix 3 lin. lata, 
unguibus 3 lin. Lmgis exclusis. Vagina staminalis circa 6 lin. longa. 
Ovarium sericeo-pubescens, stipite circa 3 lin. longo. 



The variety apiculatum has been grown at Kew for 
many years, and its origin is now unknown. It differs in 
several respects from tbe typical wild form represented in 
the Kew Herbarium. The leaflets are fewer and larger ; 
they are apiculate, instead of being obtuse or refuse, and 
are glabrous on the upper surface. The calyx is more 
distinctly spathaceous, and sometimes has only the anti- 
cous tooth clearly developed, the remaining ones being 
obsolete. Finally, the ovary is longer stipitate than in the 
typical form. 

There is a fine bed of H. multijugum, var. apiculatum, 
close by the Refreshment Pavilion. Owing to the fasti- 
giate character of the branching, a large number of 
racemes are often produced at the same level on a single 
bush, and the result is very effective. Flowering com- 
mences in June, and lasts into July. 

Descr. — A shrub, four feet high or less. Branchlets 
fastigiate, slender, flexuous, very slightly ribbed, minutely 
August 1st, 1906. 



appressed-pubescent, as are also the leaf rhacbis and 
inflorescence. Leaves up to six inches long, with from 
eight to thirteen pairs of leaflets ; leaflets elliptic-oblong 
or ovate-oblong, sharply apiculate, one to three-quarters of 
an inch long, one-eighth to one-third of an inch broad, 
glabrous on the upper surface, appressed-pubescent on 
the lower. Stipules deltoid, acuminate, up to one quarter 
of an inch long. Racemes six inches to one foot long, 
bearing from nine to twenty-five flowers. Bracts and 
bracteoles subulate, the former about one-twelfth of an 
inch long. Calyx spathaceously split at the back, about 
one-quarter of an inch long, appressed-pubescent outside, 
the anticoua tooth one-twelfth of an inch long cr less, the 
remaining ones more or less reduced. Standard suborbi- 
tal lar, retuse, rather over half an inch in diameter, the 
claw one-twelfth of an inch long. Wing-petals unequal, 
equalling or but little exceeding the calyx. Keel-petals 
two-thirds of an inch long, hardly one-quarter of an inch 
broad. Ovary more or less silky-pubescent, stipitate about 
one-quarter of an inch.— T. A. Speague. 



7 Fi ?*,i' fl ° Wer With petals removed ; 2 ' w ing and keel-petals ; 3, pistil:— all 



enlarged, 



8092 




JCSdo1,J.X;Hitai3itk 



Vincent BrooJtSrDo^r iiijCLn.Lt. Imp 



X Reeve ScC^-LoruLon.. 



Tib. 8092. 
FICUS Keishnjs. 

India. 

TjRTICACEiB. Tribe ARTOCARPEiE. 

Ficup, Linn.; Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 367. 



Ficus Krishn.ee, C. DC. ; species F. (TTrostigmati) bengal ensi, Linn., proxima, 
stigmate tamen majore, perigonii phyllis obtusis, antherarum connectivo 
obtuso, stipulis longioribus extus villosis, foliis subtus minute velutinis 
differt ; foliorum laminis hypoascidiformibus insignis. 

Arbor parva. Hamuli hirtelli. Folia longe petiolata ; stipulaa oblongo- 
triangulse, apice acute acuminata?, extus pubescentes, usque ad 2 poll, 
longae ; petiolus teres, parce hirtellus, usque ad 3"5 poll, longus ; limbuB 
circiter 5 poll, longus, 3 poll . latus, hypoascidiformis, id est in ascidium 
faciem dorsalem lioibi incladens conformatus, labro superiors basi 7-nervio 
ejusque nervo centrali nervos laterales subadscendentes ntrinque 3 
mittente, labro inferiore quam superiore multo breviore integro vel varius 
emarginato 5-nervio. Beceptacula axillaria, sessilia, geminata, androgynia, 
bracteis 3 rotundatis et basi cordatis fulta, globosa, velutino-puberula, 
diaraetro fere 7 1. crassa. Flores masculi pedicellati, monandri ; perigo- 
nium 3-phyllinum, phyllis ellipticis apice obtusis; anthera subsessilis, 
ovata, phyllis paullo brevior, connectivo supra thecas producto obtuso 
subacutove. Flores feminei BemWes vel interdum pedicellati; perigonium 
4-pbyllinum phyllis ovato-oblongis superne lacinulatis et apice acutis ; 
ovarium ovatum vel subglobosum ; stylus gracilis, ovarium sequans, apice 
stigma fere aequilongum tenuiter membrana^eum oblongo-ellipticum basi 
subpeltatum et apice acutum gerens. — Vulgo Krishna Bor. — C. de 
Candolle. 



This striking plant was brought to the writer's notice 
ten years ago by a native of Bengal. The branch submitted 
for inspection came from a private garden in the neighbour- 
hood of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. An attempt 
to obtain rooted cuttings from this branch did not succeed. 
The owner of the tree would not say whence it came or 
how old it was, and there was a difficulty as to securing a 
second branch. This was at length overcome, and two 
cuttings were eventually reared. One of the resulting 
plants was placed in the public collection in the Calcutta 
Garden ; the second was employed in propagating examples 
for distribution. 

The plate is from one of these which reached Kew in 
1902, where it has been grown in a Tropical House. It 
formed receptacles for the first time in 1905. Another, 
sent from Calcutta to Mr. C. de Candolle, at Geneva, also 

September 1st, 1906. 



formed receptacles in 1905 at Vallon, near that city. 
From this the diagnosis now provided by Mr. de Candolle 
was prepared. One of the plants in the Calcutta Garden 
formed receptacles for the first time in 1903. 

Mr. de Candolle has already discussed very fully the 
history and the morphology of this plant. The peculiarity 
of its leaves has led those natives of India who have seen 
it to invest the tree with a sacred character, and to provide 
more than one circumstantial legend in explanation of its 
appearance. Various localities have been suggested by 
them as its original home ; these localities have always 
been some well-known place of pilgrimage. Inquiries on 
the spot have, however, hitherto failed to produce evidence 
that the tree exists in any of them ; its original habitat is 
therefore as yet unknown. 

One Indian view is that the tree is a Bor or Banyan 
(Ficus bengalensis) miraculously modified by Rama. The 
tale has been told by Mr. de Candolle in the Archives des 
Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, ser. iv. vol. xii., for 
December, 1901. But apart from the peculiar form of the 
leaves, the differences as regards the tomentum, the 
stipules, the perianth, the stamens and the stigma are too 
grreat to admit of the identification with Ficus bengalensis. 
Expecting to find in this plant no more than a modified 
form of some already described species, Sir Gr. King, Mr. de 
Candolle and the writer, after a careful search in the 
herbaria of Kew, Geneva and Calcutta, have been unable 
to refer F. Krishnse to any species of Ficus with normal 
foliage. The native Indian view has, however, this to be 
said for it ; F. Krishnse, like F. bengalensis, belongs to the 
section Urostigma, and is more nearly allied toF. bengalensis 
than to any other species in that section. What is perhaps 
as interesting as the accuracy of native intuition with 
regard to the natural affinities "of the plant, is the fact that 
the Rama legend alluded to above, though first in the 
field, failed to satisfy every one, and a second legend, asso- 
ciating the tree, still as a Banyan or Bor, with Krishna, 
soon obtained a wider circulation than the other. This 
story has also been told by Mr. de Candolle in the Bulletin 
de VHerbier Boissier for 1902, p. 760. The first legend, it 
may be remarked, originated after the two original cuttings 
had become established in the nurseries of the Calcutta 



Garden, but before either had been placed in the public 
collection. The second legend became current after one of 
the two was planted out. Although cup-shaped leaves are 
occasionally to be met with in other plants, the inside of 
the cup is in these formed by the upper side of the leaf ; 
F. Krishnse is the only species so far known in which the 
converse condition prevails. 

Bescr. — A small tree, with grey bark. Branchlets pube- 
rulous. Leaves cup-shaped with the upper surface of the 
leaf outside, the limb of the cup irregular with its upper 
side, containing the midrib which gives off 4-5 pairs of 
lateral nerves looping some way from the obscurely 
undulate margin, thrice as long as the 5-nerved entire or 
emarginate lower side ; length 3*5 in., width across limb 
3 in., petiole terete sparingly pubescent as is the inside of 
the cup (lower side of leaf) ; stipules oblong-triangular, 
sharply acuminate, externally sparsely pubescent, 2'5-3"5in. 
long. Receptacles axillary, sessile, geminate, androgynous, 
with 3 rounded slightly cordate bracts, globose, velvety- 
puberulous; diam. 6-7 lin. Male flowers pedicellate; 
perianth segments 3, elliptic, obtuse; stamen solitary, 
anther subsessile ovate rather shorter than perianth- 
segments ; connective slightly produced obtuse or subacute 
at the tip. Female floivers sessile or occasionally pedicellate ; 
perianth segments 4, ovate-oblong lacinulate above and 
acute at the tip ; ovary ovate or subglobose ; style slender 
as long as the ovary ; stigma terminal almost as long as 
the style, thinly membranous, oblong elliptic, subpeltate at 
the base and acute at the apex. — D. Prain. 



Fig 1, portion of under surface of leaf ; 2, ditto, upper surface ; 3 and 4, 
receptacles ; 5, section of a receptacle ; 6, a male flower and two gall-flowers ; 
7, an anther : — all enlarged. 



8093 




M&d»LJ.H.KtckJith. 



^roarctBrooljs.Dzy- StScmXt^lTng 



L . Reeve &. C ? London. . 



Tab. 8093. 

CATASETUM galeritum, var. pachyglosscm. 
Brazil. 



Orcuidace.e. Tribe Vande-e:. 



Catasetuji, Rich.', Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 551; Rolf e in 
Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvii. p. 206. 



Catasetum galeritum, Reichb. f. var. pachyglossum, Reichh.f. in Gard. 
Ghron. 1889, vol. i. p. 73 ; Cogn. in Mart. Ft. Bras. vol. iii. pars 5, p. 398 ; 
ab typo labelli lobo intermedio orbiculari vel fere quadrato obtusangulato 
et crassissimo differt. 

Herba epiphytioa, casspitosa. Pseudobulbi ovoideo-oblongi, 3-5 poll, longi, 
vaginis imbricatis mem branaceis tecti. Folia petiolata, oblongo-lanceolata 
breviter acuminata, plicata, 6-12 poll, longa, 1-1 1 poll. lata. Scapi sub- 
erecti, apice arcuati, circa 1 ped. longi, circa 8-12-flori. Flores, ruasculi 
solum noti, speciosi. Bractese ovato-lanceolatse, acuminata;, 4-5 lin. 
longae. Pedicelli f-1 poll, longi. Sepala lanceolata. acuminata, circa 1-1^ 
poll, longa, viridia, purpureo-maculata, posticum erectum, lateralia 
patentia. Petala suberecta, lanceolata, acuminata, viridia, purpureo- 
maculata, cnra sepalo doraali subconniventia, et ei sequilonga. Labellum 
inferum, trilobum, crasse carnosum, 1-lj poll. loDgum ; lobi lateralea 
oblongi, erecti, lobus intermedins orbicularis vel fere quadratus, obtusus, 
cra88issirous ; saccus otilongus, antice productus et conicus, obtasus. 
Columna clavata, rostrata, circa 1 poll, longa ; antennae graciles, incurvaa, 
in saccum descendentes. 



Catasetum galeritum, Reichb. f., is a very rare species 
which was introduced from the Upper Amazon region by 
the late Mr. E. S. Rand, of Para, and was described in 
1886 by Reichenbach. Three years later the variety 
pachyglossum, Reichb. f., was described, from a plant which 
flowered in the collection of Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart., 
at Burford, Dorking-. It was said to differ from the type 
in having the front lobe of the lip nearly square, exceed- 
ingly thick, and obtuse-angled, with very thick borders 
underneath, leaving a groove in the middle. This plant 
is, fortunately, still alive, and from it the annexed plate 
has been prepared, from materials sent by Sir Trevor in 
February last. The type we only know from description 
and a figure (Lindenia, vol. ii. t. 67), showing the flowers 
to be much less blotched with brown, and the lip less 
distinctly three-lobed, conical and pointed in front. 
Nothing further is known about its history, but pre- 
sumably it was introduced from the same region as the 
type. 
^EriExiJJiR lsi, 1006. 



The female flowers, as in so many other species of this 
remarkable genus, are unknown, though they might appear 
at any time on the same plant, as in the case of allied 
species. 

Descr. — A tufted epiphytic herb, about a foot and a half 
high. Bulbs ovoid-oblong, three to five inches long, 
clothed with membranous imbricating sheaths. Leaves 
stalked, oblong-lanceolate, shortly acuminate, plicate, six 
to twelve inches long by an inch to an inch and a half 
wide. Scape nearly erect at the base, arching above, 
about a foot long, with about eight flowers, of which the 
males only are known. Bracts ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 
over a third of an inch long. Pedicels slender, nearly an 
inch long. Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, about an inch to 
an inch and a quarter long, green blotched with purple, 
the upper erect, the lateral pair spreading. Petals nearly 
erect, lanceolate, acuminate, green blotched with purple, 
about as long as the dorsal sepal and connivent with it. 
Lip three-lobed, very thick and fleshy, an inch to an inch 
and a quarter long; side lobes erect, oblong, rounded at 
the base, deep red-brown at the margin, green spotted 
with brown underneath ; front lobe orbicular or nearly 
quadrate, obtuse and very thick, bright yellow ; sac oblong, 
produced in front into a conical obtuse apex. Column 
club-shaped, an inch long, with a pair of slender curved 
cirrhi (" antenna? ") descending into the sac. — E. A. 
Kolfe. 



Fig. 1, part of the lip ; 2, anther-cap ; 3, pollinarium ; 4, sketch of whole 
plant : — 1, 2 and 3 enlarged ; 4 much reduced. 



8084 




'fticentBroiis.Daw \ 5an Lt-Mntp 



Lfleeve iCT.™^ 



Tab. 8094. 
kibes v1burnif0l1um. 
Lower California and Santa Catalina Tslaid. 



Saxifragacejc. Tribe Rikesieje. 
Ribes, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p 65k 



Ribes viburnifolium, A. Gray in Proc Arner. Acad. vol. xvii. p. 202 ; species 
distinctissima, sempervhens, resinoso-punctata, foliis ovato-orbicularibus 
vel ovato-ellipticis nee cordatis nee plicatis coriaceis, iloribus parvis et 
calyce brevisaimo. 

Frute.v sempervirens, diffuse ramosas, dense resinoso-pnnctatns, novellis parce 
pilosis. Folia sat conferta, petiolata, coriacea, nitida, ovato-orbicularia, 
vel ovato-elliptica, f-lf poll, longa, §-1$ poll, lata, utrinque rotundata, 
supra medium breviter dentata vel rarius leviter lobata, interdum snbtus 
basi parce pilosa ; petioli £-| poll, longi, graciles, breviter pilosi. Racemi 
terminales, corymbiformes?, 1-lj poll, longi, laxirlori, breviter pilosi ; 
bracteae et bracteolae scariosoe, caducse ; pedicelli filiformes, circiter £ poll, 
longi. Galycis rosei tubus primnm turbinatus, demum ellipsoideus, basi 
parce pilosus ; limbus patens, lobis suborbicularibus circiter 1 lin. diam. 
Pefala minima, viridescen tia, late obovata vel subquadrata. Stamina 5, 
talycis lobis breviora, ut petala margini disci lati plani inserta. Stylus 
staminibus paulum brevior, 2-fidus. Baccse rubrae, ellipsoidese, circiter 
\ poll, longse, \ poll, lata?, parce resinoso-punctatse. 



This well-marked species was originally described from 
material collected near All Saints' Bay (Todos Santos 
Bay) in the northern part of Lower California. It is " so 
peculiar," Gray says, that the acute collectors did not 
recognize the genus. Yet the flowers have all the 
characters of the Bibesia section, and the conspicuous 
glands of the leaves, young shoots, pedicels, &c, are just 
like those of B. nigrum." In the Kew Herbarium are 
specimens from Santa Catalina Island, Southern California, 
collected by Mrs. Blanche Trask, who states that the species 
is frequent on moist slopes and in canons. 

The Kew plant which supplied the material for the 
accompanying plate was raised from seeds collected in 
Santa Catalina Island, and received from the Harvard 
Botanic Garden in 1897. It is trained on a south wall in 
the Herbaceous Department, and has now reached a height 
of 7 feet. It flowers early in March. The berries persist 
to the succeeding year. 

Descr. — A straggling evergreen shrub, densely resin- 
dotted, sparingly pubescent on the young branches. 

StH'TEUKEK 1st, 1903. 



Leaves somewhat crowded, petioled, leathery, shining, 
ovate-orbicular or ovate-elliptic, three quarters to an inch 
and three-quarters long, two-thirds to an inch and one- 
third broad, rounded at apex and base, shortly toothed 
or rarely slightly lobed above the middle, sometimes 
sparingly pilose on the under side at the base ; petioles a 
sixth to a half inch long, slender, shortly pilose. Racemes 
terminal, corymb-like, an inch to an inch and a quarter 
long, loosely-flowered, shortly pilose ; bracts and bracteoles 
scarious, caducous ; pedicels slender, about a third of an 
inch long. Calyx rose-coloured ; tube about a tenth 
of an inch long, at first top-shaped, afterwards ellipsoid, 
sparingly pi!ose at the base ; limb spreading ; lobes sub- 
orbicular, about a twelfth of an inch in diameter. Petals 
very small, greenish, broadly obovate or subquadrate. 
Stamens five, shorter than the calyx-lobes, inserted with 
the petals on the margin of a broad flat disk. Style some- 
what shorter than the stamens, bifid. Berries red, 
ellipsoid, about a quarter of an inch long and a sixth of an 
inch broad, sparingly resin-dotted. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, portion of a leaf showing the under side; ?, flowers; 3, pistil 
enlarged. 



8005 




WlS.aeiJ^.Fftcklitk. 



XJReev« 8<.CQX,anAaj\ 



Tftn£anJtBroo>sDay&-Sa.'LLt3 : Imp 



Tab. 8095. 

LINOSPADIX MrcHOLiTzn. 
New Guinea. 

Palm^e. Tribe ArecejE. 
Linospadix, Beec, ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 903. 



Linospadix Micholitzii, Ridley in Gard. Chron. 1895, ii. p. 262 ; a speciebus 
reliquis spicis unisexualibus differt. 

Acaulescens. Folia dense conferta, longe obcuneata, 2-3^ ped. Ionga, 7 poll, 
lata, ad tertiam partem bilobata, lobia acutis, nervis lateralibus circa 14 
prominentibus subtns brunneo-furf uraceis ; petiolus plano-convexus. 
Spadices graciles, nutantes, unisexuales ; peduncali 1^-2| ped. longi. 
Flores $ : sepala vix 1 lin. Ionga, ovata, ciliata, carina, minute denticu- 
lata ; petala oblonga, acuta, valvata, 2 lin. Ionga ; filamenta subulata, e 
basi incrasaata; antherse dorsifixae. Flores ? : sepala ovalia, obtusa, 
ciliata; ovarium ]-loculare; ovnla solitaria, pendula; stigmata tria, lata, 
recurvata. Frucius oblongus, ruber, 6 lin. longus ; albumen album. 



The genus Linospadix now contains 8 species, 7 of "which 
are natives of New Guinea, while the eighth, L. petrichiajia, 
Hort. Sander (Gard Ghron. 1898, vol. ii. p. 298) is only 
known in cultivation. To these are added in Engler 
and Prantl's Pflanzenfamilien, vol. ii. 3, p. 67, the two 
Australian species of Bacidaricc, which differ in having 
prasmorse leaf-segments and basifixed anthers. 

The present species is remarkable for having unisexual 
spadices, instead of the flowers in groups of three with the 
central one female and the lateral male, although sometimes 
a rudimentary female is at the side of the male. It 
was discovered by Mr. Micholitz in wet ravines on the 
higher slopes of the mountains in New Guinea. Seeds 
were sent to Messrs. Sander and Sons, of St. Albans, who 
raised plants, one of which they sent to Kew in 1896, 
where female flowers were produced in the Victoria House 
in November, 1905 ; the males not appearing until January, 
1906. 

Dfscr. — A stemless palm. Leaves densely congested, 
long obcuneate, two to three and a half feet long, seven 
inches across at the widest part, bilobed about a third of 
the way down ; lobes acute ; lateral nerves prominent, about 
fourteen on each side, brown furfuraceous beneath ; 
petiole plano-convex. Spadices slender, nodding, unisexual ; 

September 1st, 1906. 



peduncles one and a half to two and a half feet long. Male 
flowers : sepals nearly one line long, ovate, ciliate, minutely 
toothed on the keel ; petals oblong, acute, valvate, two 
lines long; filaments subulate from an almost globose 
base ; anthers dorsifixed. Female flowers : sepals oval, 
obtuse, ciliate ; ovary one- celled ; ovules solitary, pendu- 
lous ; stigmas three, broad, recurved. Fruit oblong, 
bright red, half an inch long; endosperm white. — C. H. 
Wright. 



Fig. 1, whole plant; 2, male inflorescence; 3, two flower buds; 4, male 
flower; 5, female inflorescence; 6, female flower; 7, pistil :— 1 reduced, 2 and 
o, natural size, the others enlarged. 



8036 




M- add, JKEttdh ith. 



"Vincarcb Brooks &afh.S<m.T&ii>Q. 



-X. Reeve &.C?Lccnaan. 



Tab. 8096. 

CERE US Scheerii. 

Mexico. 

CactacEjE. Tribe Echinocacte^e. 
Cereus, Haw. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 849. 



Cereus Scheerii, Salm-Dycle, Gad. Hort. Dyck, p. 190; Labouret Monogr. 
Gaet., p. '617 ; affinis C. cinerascenti, DG., sed rigidior, areolis vix elevatia 
et magis confertis differt. 

Planta • succulenta, laxe caespitoaa, 6 poll. alta. Caules erecti, 1-lJ poll, 
crassi, 6-7-angulati, recti vel torti, glaucescenti-virides ; anguli acutati, 
vix tuberculati ; areolae parvae, confertse, minute tomentosae ; aculeaa 
rectse, exteriorea 8-12, radiantes, interiores solitarise, porrectae. Elores 
late rale s ; tabus circa 2\ poll, longus, pulvillis 50-b'O Betas albas 4-12 
gerentibus instructua ; limbus 3 poll, diam., pulchre kermesino-roseus ; 
petala lanceolata, acuta. Stamina tubo subasquilonga ; filamenta pallide 
lutea ; antherse rubrae. Stylus exsertus, viridis ; stigma 10-12 partitum. 
Echinocereus Scheeri, Lemaire, Lea Cact. p. 57 ; K. Schum. Monogr. Cact. 
p. 253, fig. 48. E. Scheerii, Riimpl. in Forst. Handb. Cact. ed. 2, p. 801. 



This pretty species belongs to the same group as the 
well-known G. cinerascens, DC, G. procumbens (B. M. t. 
7205), G. perdalophus (B. M. t. 3651) and G. mojavensis 
(B. M. t. 7705), all of which are dwarf and more or less 
tufted plants, with large brilliantly coloured flowers. G. 
Scheerii was discovered by Mr. J. Potts near Chihuahua in 
Mexico and sent by him to Mr. Frederick Scheer of Kew, 
some time prior to 1850. The plant here figured flowered 
at Kew in 1900 and during the two succeeding years, but 
subsequently died. 

Bescr. — Plant laxly tufted, about six inches high. Stems 
erect, one to one and a quarter of an inch thick, six to 
seven angled, straight or twisted, dull glaucous-green ; 
angles acute ; spine-cushions small, scarcely prominent, 
closely placed, minutely tomentose ; spines short, straight, 
the eight to ten outer radiating, one central directed out- 
wards. Flowers produced at the side of the stems, bright 
carmine-rose more or less flushed with mauve ; tube about 
two and a half inches long, with fifty to sixty spine- 
cushions bearing four to twelve white bristle-like spines 
scattered along it, but more crowded upon the ovary ; 
limb spreading, about three inches in diameter ; petals 

September 1st, 1906. 



lanceolate, acute. Stamens about as long as the tube ; 
filaments pale yellow ; anthers red. Style exserted, green, 
stigma ten to twelve partite. — N. ifi. Brown. 



Fig. 1, a spine~cushion, enlarged. 



Note. — Frederick Scheer was an independent botanist who for some time 
resided at Kew and pai'ticularly devoted himself to the study of Cactacese. He 
published in 1840 au excellent account of Kew under the title of *' Kew and 
its Gardens." This and other actions were largely effective in averting the 
breaking up of the collections which had been contemplated, and in their being 
taken over by the nation from the Crown. (See Kew Bulletin, 1891, pp. 
324-5, and an obituary notioe in the Journal of Botany, 1869, p. 268). — 
W. T. T.-D. 




M.S.dftUnSFrtchl'ifii. 



X."Reeve &, QO £ (m a n. 



Vincent Brooks,!} ay San_L , Mrnj> 



Tab. 8097. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM Nasvuw. 

Colombia. 

Orchidace^:. Tribe Vande.e. 
Odostoglossum, H. B. et K. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 561. 



Odontoglossum naevium, Lindl. in Part. Ft. Gard. vol. i. p. 87, t. 18 ; Fol. 
Orch. Odont. p. 2 (excl. var. majns); Ft. des Serres, t. 594 ; Pescatorea, 
t. 13 ; Warn. Set. Orch. vol. i. t. 7 ; Regel Gartenflora, t. 791 ; Batem. 
Monogr. Odont. t. 9; afE. 0. glorioso, Liud. & Reichb. f., sed racemo 
simplici, segmentis undulatis et labelli lobis lateralibus subhastatis 
differt. 

Herba epiphytica, csespitosa. Pseudobulbi ovoideo-oblongi, subcompressi, 
circa 2-3 poll, longi, apice diphylli, basi circa 4-phylli. Folia elongato- 
ligulata, acuta, subcoriacea, 6-18 poll, longa, ^-f poll. lata. Scapi 
axillares, suberecti vel arcuati, circa f-l£ ped. longi, raeemosi, rnoltinori. 
Prac/ese ovato-oblongae, acuta), concavas, circa 3 lin. longos. Pedicelli gra- 
ciles, f-1 poll, lonsfi. Flores speciosi, albi, atropurpureo-maculati, labelli 
disco navo. Sepala patentia, anguste lanceolata, acuminatissima, incurva, 
•nndulata, circa Ik poll, longa. Petala sepalis similia, paullo breviora. 
Labelli unguis erectus, latus ; limbus reflexus, hastato-ovatus, acumi- 
natissimns, undulatus, incurvus, sepalis paullo brevior, basi velutinus ; 
crista bilamellata, lamellis erectii dentatis. Columna clavata, 4 lin. 
longa, alis cirrhatis curvatis. 



The history of this distinct and handsome species has 
been sadly confused. It was originally figured and de- 
scribed by Dr. Lindley in 1S50 from a plant which was 
exhibited at one of the spring meetings of the Horticultural 
[Society, and which is said to have been sent to England 
several years before by Sir R. Schomburgk, but this is 
very doubtful, considering its habitat. There is, however, 
a flower and coloured sketch in Lindley's Herbarium 
labelled, " Rollissons, June, 1847," and this Lindley con- 
sidered to be a variety, but he also added a specimen 
collected by Funck & Schlim at San Lazaro and La Pena, 
in the province of Truxillo, in Venezuela, having yellow 
flowers spotted with crimson, which belougs to 0. odoratuta, 
Lindl. Shortly afterwards he added a variety majus, from 
a specimen collected by Linden at 8,000 feet altitude in 
the province of Pamplona, Colombia, which belongs to 
O. c/loriosum, Lind. & Reichb. f. A similar confusion 
of species occurs in " Pescatorea," where the species was 
figured, though a note that it was met with by Mr. Schlim 
October 1st, 1906. 



in the mountains near Santa Martha, and that plants were 
introduced to cultivation, gives a clue to the true habitat, 
and it is from this locality that it was re-introduced to 
cultivation, after being almost lost sight of for many 
years. 

The plant figured flowered in a Temperate Orchid 
House at Kew in February last; its usual time of flowering, 
though not constant, is during the winter and spring 
months. 

Descr. — A tufted, epiphytic herb, a foot to a foot and a 
half high. Bulbs ovoid-oblong, somewhat compressed, 
about two to three inches long, with about four basal and 
two apical leaves. Leaves elongate-ligulate, acute, some- 
what coriaceous, about six to eighteen inches long by half 
to three-quarters of an inch broad. Scapes axillary, erect 
or somewhat arched, about nine to fifteen inches long, 
racemose, many-flowered. Bracts ovate-oblong, acute, 
concave, about a quarter of an inch long. Pedicels slender, 
three-quarters to an inch long. Flowers white, with 
numerous dark purple blotches and a bright yellow disc 
to the lip. Sepals spreading, narrowly lanceolate, very 
acuminate, incurved, undulate, about an inch and a half 
long. Petals very similar to the petals, but rather shorter. 
Lip with a broad, erect claw ; limb reflexed, hastate-ovate 
and velvety at the base, very acuminate, undulate and 
incurved at the apex, rather shorter than the sepals ; crest 
consisting of a pair of nearly parallel, erect, somewhat 
toothed plates. Column club-shaped, about a third of an 
inch long, with a pair of slender, curved wings. — R. A. 
RoLFE. 

Fig. 1, base of lip and column; 2, anther cap ; 3 and 4, pollinarium, seen 
from front and ba.-k .- — all enlarged. 



8098 




MSael,JJ!£tbdhm 



VmceniSrocitsD^-iS-Sanit^Iinp 



X.BeevH 8uC? Landau. 



Tab. 8098. 

ABIES MARiEsrr. 

Japan. 

Conifer*. Tribe Aiuetine*. 
Abifs, Link ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 441. 



Abies Mariesii, Masters in Gard. Ghron. Dec. 20tb, 1879, p. 788, n>. 129; 
et in Journ. Linn. Soc. xviii. (1881), 519 ic. repet.; Mayr Monogr. Abietin. 
Japan. (1890), p. 40, t. 2, f. 5. Species cum A. brachyphyll-A sociata, differt 
tamen novellis fusco-hirsutis, canalibus resiniferis subepidermide positis; 
strobilis cupiformibus, squamis integris, bracteis acuminatis demum 
laceratis. 

Arbor excelsa, coma pyramidali, ramia patentibus innmis decumbentibus 
cicatricibus circulanbus notatis, ramulis ferrugineo-birsutis derauru 
glabrescentibus. Folia, caulina conferta, appressa, ramea niultiseriata, 
horizontalia, lateralia patentia, mediana ramulis sterilibus appressa 
apicem spectantia vel in ramulis fertilibus ascendentia, omnia glabra, 
subtus gJaucescentia, lineari-oblonga, basi in petiolum brevissimum 
tortum angustata, apice emarginata, costa superne depressa subtus 
prominente, margines revolutse ; canales resiniferi duo sub epid^rmide 
prope margines foliorum diapositi. Strobili violaceo-purpnrei, cylindrati, 
medio autem parum dilatati, apice obtusi. Squamse sn borbiculares, in- 
tegrse, juventute ferrugineo-tomentosiB, basi cuneataa. Bractese inclusse, 
pquamis multo breviores, oblongo-obovatse, ad b;isin angustata?, apice 
breviter acuminata?, acnmine demum delapso marginibusque laceratis. 
Seminu ala cuneato-obovata, Bquamam fere aequans. 



This handsome silver fir was first discovered in the 
mountains of northern Japan by the late Mr. Charles Maries, 
who introduced it to the nurseries of Messrs. James 
Veitch and Sons of Coombe Wood. In the recently pub- 
lished "Hortus Veitchii " the tree is mentioned as occurring 
on Mt. Hakkoda, near Aomori, at an elevation of 4,000- 
5,000 feet, and in Nikko at a greater elevation, but 
sparingly. It is an " alpine tree with a comparatively 
restricted habitat, occupying a geographical position 
between that of A. Veitchii and A. sachali-nensis." Mr. 
Maries noted that the species grew in company with 
A. Veitchii in shallow, peaty soil, overlying volcanic 
debris. It differs from A. webbiana, to which it had been 
conjecturally referred, in the hairy shoots, denser, shorter, 
less horizontally spreading leaves, and the shorter, cask- 
shaped cones. 

The tree from which the figure was made is growing on 
October 1st, 1906. 



the estate of the Earl of El^in, Dumphail, near Nairn. 
The specimens were forwarded to Kew by Messrs. D. 
Stalker & Son. It is believed to be the first occasion on 
which this Japanese Silver Fir has produced cones in this 
country. 

Descr. — A tall, pyramidal tree, with robust, spreading 
branches like those of A. nordma nniana ; younger branches 
covered with a coarse, brownish, hairy epidermis, which 
peels off in chaff-like scales ; older glabrous, marked with 
circular scars, puivini only slightly prominent. Leaves on 
main branches multiseriate, appressed and evenly dis- 
posed around the stem ; pseudo-4-ranked on younger 
sterile ones, lateral leaves spreading, those on upper surface 
appressed parallel to the long axis of the shoot ascending 
on the fertile shoots, and somewhat shorter than lateral. 
Leaves about one inch in length, one-sixteenth of an inch 
in breadth, linear-oblong, obtuse or slightly notched at 
the apex, tapering and twisted towards the base, glabrous 
above, with a depressed midrib, glaucous beneath, with a 
raised midrib, and recurved margins. Hypoderm con- 
tinuous, resin canals oae near each corner of the leaf, 
just beneath the epidermis. Male flowers unknown. 
Cones clustered on the sides of the branches, erect, three 
inches and a half to five inches and a half long, one and a 
half to two inches wide, dull purple, cask-shaped. Scales 
suborbicular, entire, wedge-shaped at the base, covered 
with a reddish down when young. Bracts half the length 
of the scales, and concealed by them, obovate-oblong, 
retuse, with a small, deciduous central acumen, edge of the 
bract finally jagged.* Seeds nearly as long as the scale ; 
wing wedge-shaped, entire, somewhat truncate. — M. T. 
Masters. 

Fig. 1, section of leaf showing the position of the resin canals ; 2, scale of 
cone with bract ; 3, bract enlarged ; 4, 5, seeds -.—all enlarged. 



* As shown in the figure in the Gardeners' Chronicle, but in Maries' n. 73 
the bracts are precisely as here figured. 



8099 




M.S.dfiLJ.N.RlcKJrtK 



"Vincent Bto oliSjDay&.SanXtHrap 



iReovw 8^C°Xona<irL 



Tab. 8099. 
BLAKEA gracilis. 

Costa Rica. 

Melastomace.*. Tribe Blake.*. 
Blakea, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 770. 



Blakea gracilis, Hemsl. Diag. Plant. Nov. p. 13 et Biol. Cent. Amer. Bot. 
vol. i. p. 433, t. 23 ; Gogn. in DC. Monogr. vol. vii. p. 1073 ; B. spruceande, 
Cogn., proxima, sed glabra, bracteis intetioribus quam exterioribus multo 
niinonbus, petalis apice rotundatis vel retusis differt. 

Frutex 9-13 ped. altus vel interdum arbor parva, valde ramosus, glaber, 
ramulis gracilibas teretibns patentibus. Folia subcoriacea, 5-nervia, 
obovatc-elliptica vel elliptica, 2-|-4 poll, longa, lj-H poll, lata, integer- 
rima, abrupte breviterque acuminata, basi cuneata, venis lateralibus 
numerosissirnis ; petioli 5-10 lin. longi. Flores axillares, solitarii vel rare 
geminati, circiter 1^- poll, diam., 4-bracteati; pedunculi, f-2 poll, longi, 
graciles ; bractese trinervioe, membra nacese, 2 exterioreo multo majores, 
fere pollicares, foliis simillimse, interiorea obovato-spathulatas. Catycis 
tubus campanulatus, circiter \ poll, longus ; limbus membranaceus, 
truncatus vel obscure 6-lobatuB. Petala 6, albido-rosea, oblique et late 
obovata, apice rotundata vel retusa. Stamina 12, sequalia ; antherse 
niagnae, oblongse, filamentis crassis subduplo longiores. Stylus elong&tus, 
stigmate parvo. Bacca late ovoideo-urceolaris, primum 12-costata, fere 
5 lin. diam. 



Cogniaux describes thirty-one species of Blakea in his 
Monograph of the Melastomacese. Of these, nine are 
native of Peru, eight of the Republic of Colombia, four of 
Costa Rica, four of Venezuela, two of Brazil, one of 
Guatemala, one of Ecuador, and two of the West Indies, 
one of which is confined to Jamaica and the other to 
several of the Windward Islands. B. guianensis, Baillon, 
is undescribed and unlocalized. 

Blakea gracilis was first described from material collected 
by Endres for Messrs. James Veitch & Sons. It has 
since been found in several localities in Costa Rica, grow- 
ing in forests at elevations up to 5,570 feet. The Kew 
plant, from which the accompanying drawing was made, 
was purchased from Messrs. Lemoine & Sons, of Nancy, 
in 1904, and flowered in a greenhouse in February of the 
current year. At present it is scarcely more than a foot 
high, but owing to the spreading habit of its branches it is 
as much as two and a half feet across. Some of the leaves 
have one or two small pouches near the midrib at the 
October 1st, 1006. 



base on the underside which may be regarded as modified 
" domatia." Similar structures are present on the leaves 
of several melastomaceous plants, and are particularly 
well seen in Tococa lancifolia. [See Schimper, Plant 
Geography, p. 132.] The domatia of BlaJcea gracilis, under 
cultivation, are sometimes occupied by the troublesome 
Mealy Bug, Coccus adonidum. 

Blakea trinervia, the only other species yet introduced 
into European gardens, is figured at t. 451 of this work. 
B. quinqueyiervia, included in some horticultural diction- 
aries, has been referred to Belinda grossularioides, Triana. 

Descr. — A glabrous, much- branched shrub, nine to 
thirteen feet high, or sometimes a small tree ; branches 
slender, round, spreading. Leaves subcoriaceous, five- 
nerved, obovate-elliptic or elliptic, two and a half to four 
inches long, an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half 
broad, quite entire, abruptly and shortly acuminate, 
cuneate at the base ; lateral veins very numerous ; petioles 
about half to slightly more than three-quarters of an inch 
long. Flowers axillary, solitary or rarely geminate, about 
an inch and a half across, four-bracteate ; peduncles three- 
quarters to two inches long, slender; bracts three-nerved, 
membranous, the two outer much larger, almost an inch 
long, very similar to the leaves, the inner obovate-spathu- 
late. Calyx-tube campanulate, about a quarter of an inch 
long; limb membranous, truncate or obscurely six-lobed. 
Petals six, whitish-rose, obliquely and broadly obovate, 
rounded or refuse at the apex. Stamens twelve, equal ; 
anthers large, oblong, nearly twice as long as the fila- 
ments. Style elongated ; stigma small Berry broadly 
ovoid-urn-shaped, at first twelve-costate, almost half an 
inch across. — S. A. Skan. 



Fig. 1, base of leaf showing " domHtia" on the under-side; 2, calyx and 
pistil ; 3 and 4, stamens : — all enlarged. 



8100 




M.S.dal.JJJ.Fttt-XlitK 



MneentBrodaiP ay& Son. L&hxap 



L Reese &.C ^London 



Tab. 8100. 
CHLOR^EA virescexs. 

Chili. 

Orchidace*. Tribe Neottie^e. 

Chlor.ea, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 618 ; Kranzl. Orch. 
Gen. et Sp. vol. ii. p. 42. 



Chlorsea virescens, Lindl. in Brand. Quart. Journ. Bov. Instit. vol. i. (1827), 
p. 51 ; Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orch. p. 404; Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1845, t. 49 (exel. 
svn.) ; Kranzl. Orrh. Gen. et Sp. vol. ii. p. 105, t. 11, figs. A, B; Orch. 
Bev. 1903, p. 133; inter species sectionis Euchlorgefe floribus flavis, labello 
trilobo facie superiore papillis i'alcatis numerosis instructo basi 5-carinato 
distincta. 

Jlerba terrestris, circa 1-1 § ped. alta. Folia caespitosa, suberecta velpatentia, 
oblonga, obtusa, lasvia, 3-6 poll, longa, f-1 poll. lata. Scapus erectus, cras- 
siusculuB, vaginis numerosis imbricatis acuminatis obtectus ; racemus 4-6 
poll, loneus, densiflorns. Bractese oblongo-lanceolatse, acuta? vel acumi- 
nata?, If-li poll, longae. Pedicelli 6-7 lin. longi. Flores speciosi, flavi, 
viridi-venosi. Sepalum posticum erectum, elliptico-oblongum, obtnsum, 
10-12 lin. longum ; lateralia patentia, oblonga, obtusa, 10-12 lin. longa, 
supra medium incrassata vel cristis carnosis instructa. Belala eresta, 
elliptico-oblonga, obtusa, 8-10 lin. longa. Labellum recurvum, trilobum, 
8-10 lin. longum, facie superiore papillis falcatis numerosis instructum ; 
lobuB intermediuslate ellipticu8,ohtusus,crenulatus; lobi laterales angusti, 
obtnsi ; discus basi 5-carinatus. Columna clavata, 6-7 lin. longa ; antbera 
apiculata ; pollinia oblonga, sulcata, palvereo-granulosa. 



Three striking species of the large South American 
genus Ghlorsea have been figured in this work, namely, 
G. longibracteata, Lindl. (t. 7909), G. crispa, Lindl. 
(t. 7955), and a third, now known as C. Vlantha, Rolfe, 
which appeared in 1830 (t. 2956), under the name of 
Neottia ? grandiflora , Hook., but was afterwards made the 
type of a new genus, and called Ulantha grandiflora, Hook, 
(sub t. 2990). This remarkable plant is still only known 
from the original example, which flowered in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden as long ago as the spring of 1829, and of 
which only a single flower is preserved in Sir William 
Hooker's Herbarium, now at Kew. The dried flower has 
an expanse of over four inches. It is recorded as having 
been received from the Rev. Lansdown Guilding, and, 
although the locality is not mentioned, it has been con- 
jectured to be the Island of iSt. Vincent, in the West 
Indies, though probably not indigenous. From what is 
now known of the distribution of the genus, this con- 

October 1st, 1906. 



jecture is open to question ; but in any case it is remarkable 
that so striking a plant has not subsequently been met 
with . 

Glilorsea virescens, Lindl., originally appeared in cul- 
tivation in the Birmingham Botanic Garden, in 1845, when 
it was exhibited at a meeting of the Horticultural Society, 
and figured in the " Botanical Register," but soon appears 
to have been lost sight of. It was recently re-introduced 
by H. G. Blwes, Esq., F.R.S., of Colesborne, Gloucester- 
shire, who met with it on sandy flats near Coronel, on the 
railway from Ooncepcion, Chili, in December, 1901, and 
who sent plants to Kew, which flowered in a greenhouse, 
m April, 1903, and on two or three subsequent occasions. 

Descr. — A deciduous, terrestrial herb, a foot to a foot 
and a half high. Leaves tufted, suberect, or the lower 
spreading, oblong, obtuse, glabrous, three to six inches 
long, three-quarters to an inch broad. Scape erect, stout, 
bearing numerous acute, imbricating sheaths ; raceme 
dense, four to six inches long. Bracts oblong-lanceolate, 
acute or acuminate, three-quarters to an inch and a 
quarter long. Pedicels stout, about half an inch long. 
Flowers large, yellow, veined w 7 ith green. Dorsal sepal 
erect, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, about an inch long ; lateral 
spreading, oblong, obtuse, about an inch long, thickened 
towards the apex or bearing there a few fleshy, green 
tubercles. Petals erect, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, about 
three-quarters of an inch long. Lip recurved, 3-lobed, 
about three-quarters of an inch long, the veins of the upper 
surface bearing numerous falcate papillae; front lobe 
broadly elliptic, obtuse, crenulate ; side lobes narrow and 
obtuse ; disc with five keels near the base. Column 
clavate, about half an inch long; anther apiculate ; 
pollinia oblong, channelled down the middle, granular. — 
li. A. RoLFJE. 

Fitr. 1, lip, with one side lobe removeJ; 2, column; 3, pollinia: — all 
enlarged. 



8101 



%. 

'%., 




I J2JKtchIifli 



VLnc«ntBroaUs,Day &.SonXt^TJnp 



L. Reeve & C?Lcm don 



Tab. 8101. 
PASSIFLORA punctata. 

South America. 

Passiflorace^e. Tribe Passiflorf^e. 

Passiflora, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 810; Mast, in 
Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvii. p. 629. 



Passiflora punctata, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 957 ; Cav. Diss. p. 446, t. 269 ; Mast, in 
Mart. JTL Bras. vol. xiii. pars i. p. 593 ; plauta nostra ab amnibus 
foliorum maculis intercostalibus purpureis facile distinguitur. 

Herba ope cirrhorurn scandens. Caules compressi, snlcati, ut petioli minute 
puberuli. Folia subsemicircularia vel fere lunata, paullo triloba, lobis 
rotundatis mucronatis intermedio qnam lateralibus minore, rarius biloba, 
1-3 poll, longa, 2J-4 poll, lata, basi rotnndata vel subcordata, membrana- 
cea, utrinque purpureo-maculata, supra glabra, subtus minutissime 
puberula, glanduloso-punctata ; petioli \-l\ poll, longi. Stipuf&s falcato- 
subulataB, integras, 1-1 J lin. longse. Pedunculi plerumque gemini, inter- 
dum solitarii, petiolis asquilongi vel iis paullo longiores, circa 1| lin. infra 
apicem articulati, bracteis 2-3 lineari-subulatis l|-2 lin. longis. Recep- 
taculum convexulum, vix ultra J poll, diamelro, dimiaio exteriore 
incrassato. Sepala lutea, ovato-oblonga, apice rotundatn, 7-8 lin. longa, 
medio 3 lin. lata, anthesi rerlexa. Petala lutea, conformia, 4| lin. longa, 
medio 2 lin. lata. Corona triseriata ; tegmenta extima lateraliter com- 
pressa, triangulari-capitata, 3 lin. longa, lutea, apice violacea; segmenta 
intermedia nlamentiformia, pauca, inconspicua, circa 1| lin. longa ; 
segmenta intima fere ad apicem in annulura plicatum inflexum vix 2 lin. 
latum connata. Androgynophorum 4 lin. lOngum, glabrum. Filamenta 
3-3£ lin. longa. Ovarium snb^lobosum. minute pubescens ; styli craesius- 
cnli, 4 lin. longi. — Granadilla folio tricuspidi, obtuso et oculato, Fenill. 
Journ. vol. i. p. 718, t. 11. Passiflora foliis trilobis obloigis subtus 
punctatis : intermedio minore, Linn. Amoen. Acad. vol. i. p. 224, t. 10, 
i. 12. 



Passiflora punctata was founded on the description and 
figure given by Feuille in his "Journal." Feuille de- 
scribed the sepals as being greyish-green, the petals as 
whitish, and the segments of the outer series of the corona 
as violet with yellow points ; and he stated that he found 
the plant in a garden at Malambo, a northern suburb of 
Lima, the capital of Peru. Almost the same form of the 
species was cultivated in the Palm House at Kew, pro- 
bably about the middle of last century, and a specimen 
was laid into the Hookerian Herbarium. The label gives 
the following particulars : — Passiflora from Lima ; sepals 
green ; petals small, greenish white ; coronal filaments 
light blue, outer row tipped with a creamy white. The 
peduncles of the herbarium specimen are solitary in the 

October 1st, 1906. 



axils, as described and figured by Feuille. In both Feuille's 
plant and the one grown at Kew, the leaves were pre- 
sumably not variegated, as no mention is made of their 
colour. 

In the Flora Brasiliensis I.e., Masters quoted specimens 
of P. punctata from Peru, Ecuador and Brazil, including 
forms with geminate peduncles. He described the outer- 
most segments of the corona as scimitar-shaped. Some of 
the specimens of P. punctata in the Kew Herbarium (e.g. 
Lehmann's No. 3049 from the Cauca Valley, Colombia), 
have scimitar-shaped outer segments, but others, including 
the " Passiflora from Lima" in the Hookerian Herbarium, 
have triangular-headed segments, as in the plant now 
figured. Hardly any two specimens have the coronal 
segments precisely similar. 

The plant now figured has the segments of the middle 
series fewer and less conspicuous than in any other 
specimen we have examined. The leaves also differ from 
the type in having purplish blotches between the veins. In 
the leaves of P. trifasciata, which have a similar colora- 
tion, the purplish bands coincide with the three main 
veins. 

The figure was drawn from a plant which was received 
in 1904 from the State Botanic Gardens, Brussels, under 
the name P. maculata, and which flowered at Kew in the 
autumn of 1905. 

Descr. — An herbaceous tendril-climber. Stems com- 
pressed, furrowed, minutely puberulous. Leaves nearly 
semicircular or almost lunate, shallowly trilobed, the lobes 
rounded and mucronate, the middle one smaller than the 
lateral, more rarely bilobed, one to three inches long, two 
and a half to four inches broad, rounded or subcordate at 
the base, membranous, variegated with purple on both 
surfaces, glabrous on the upper, gland-dotted and very 
minutely puberulous on the lower; petioles from half to 
one inch and a half long, minutely puberulous. Stipules 
subulate-sickle-shaped, entire, a twelfth to an eighth of an 
inch long. Peduncles usually two together, sometimes 
solitary in the axils, as long as or slightly longer than the 
petioles, jointed about an eighth of an inch below the 
apex ; bracts two to three, linear-subulate, an eighth to a 
sixth of an inch long. Receptacle slightly convex, rathef 



over half an inch in diameter, the outer half with an 
annular thickening on the upper surface, terminating in a 
raised rim surrounding the base of the gynophore. 
Sejyals pale yellow, ovate-oblong, rounded at the apex, 
rather under three-quarters of an inch long, a quarter of 
an inch broad at the middle, reflexed. Petals of similar 
colour and shape, over a third of an inch long, a sixth of 
an inch broad at the middle. Corona of three rows; 
outer segments laterally compressed, triangular-capitate, a 
quarter of an inch long, yellow, with a violet head ; seg- 
ments of the middle row filament-like, few and incon- 
spicuous, half as long as the outer ones ; segments of the 
inner row connate almost to the apex into a much-folded 
inflexed ring, about a sixth of an inch broad. Androgyno- 
phore glabrous, a third of an inch long. Ovary subglobose, 
minutely pubescent ; styles rather thick. — T. A. Sprague. 



Fig. 1, base of leaf, showing under surface and glaDds ; 2, a gland from 
another part of the leaf ; 3, longitudinal section of flower ; 4, a coronal segment 
of the outermost row ; 5 and 6, anthers ; 7, pistil :— all enlarged. 



8102 




tf.S.del J.N.Fitch Hth 



X, Heeve &. C Londori 



Vuicen.LBrooks,Day<5cSor\LL ;i Ijup 



Tab. 8102. 
lilium myriophyllum. 

China. 

Liliace^e. Tribe Ttjlipe.e. 
Lilium, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 816. 



Lilium myriophyllum, Franch. in Morot, Journ. de Bot. vol. vi. p. 313 ; ex 
afEnitate L. Brownii, F. E. Brown, a quo foliis linearibus uninerviis 
perianthioque basi plus minusve saccato recedit. 

Bulbus ovoideus, 3 poll, diametro, squamatus. Caulis 1-6 ped. altus, infra 
nudns, supra dense foliatus, glaber, nonnunquam adfoliorum axillas bulbi- 
ferus. Folia linearia vel lanceolato-linearia, acuminata, basi incrassata, 
glabra, uninervia, 4 poll, longa, 3 lin. lata, marginibus paullo revolutis. 
Flores esepius 2, terminates, nutantes; pedicelli breves. Perianthium 
circa 5 poll, longum, tnbuloso-campanulatum, intus basi luteum, parte 
superiore album, extus rubro tinctum, costis obscurloribus ; segmenta 
exteriora lanceolata, 1 poll, lata, interiora obovato-elliptica, 2 poll, lata ; 
nectariam glabrum. Stamina periantbio paullo breviora; filamenta basi 
minute pnberula ; antheraa fere basifixae, semipollicares, aurantiaeiB. 
Stylus staminibus paullo longior; stigma trilobatum, viride. 0. H. 
Wright in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxxvi. p. 133; Gard. Chron. 1905, 
vol. ii. p. 328, cum icone. L. Brownii, var. leucanthum, The Garden, 
April 28th, 1906, Suppl., non Baker. 



This is a member of a group of very closely related 
lilies, which cluster around L. Broivnii, F. E. Brown (ex Spae 
in Ann. Soc. Agric. de Gand, vol. i. 1845, p. 437, t. 41), and 
of which they are probably geographical forms. The type 
specimen of L. myriophyllum (of which there is a tracing 
in the Kew Herbarium) is destitute of a bulb, but shows 
the so-called "rhizome," which Franchet relies on as one 
of the diagnostic characters, to be merely an elongated 
part of the stem bearing rootlets above the bulb. Similar 
rootlets are developed in many species of lilies in early 
summer to supply nourishment to the aerial parts of the 
plant, while those at the base . of the bulb are formed in 
autumn to perform the same function for that organ, as 
was described by the late Dr. Wallace in the second edition 
of his Notes on Lilies, p. 4. A specimen bearing a bulb 
has been received from Messrs. James Veitch & Sons. 

L. myriophyllum was one of the numerous discoveries of 
the late Pere Delavay, several of which have already been 
figured in this work. He found it in July, 1S88, flowering 
amongst bushes in stony places at Mosoyn, in the pro- 

Noveiiber 1st, 1906. 



vince of Yunnan, and it has since been collected in North- 
West Szechuen, by Mr. E. H. Wilson, who sent bulbs to 
Messrs. James Veitch & Sons, to whom we are indebted 
for the specimen here figured. The shape of the perianth 
resembles that of L. japonicum, Thunb., which differs in 
having broader, more membranous, shortly petiolate leaves, 
with never less than three nerves. In typical L. Brownii 
the perianth tapers gradually from a narrow, non-saccate 
base. 

Descr. — Bulb ovoid, three inches in diameter, scaly. 
Stem from one to six feet high, naked below, densely leafy 
above, glabrous, sometimes bearing bulbils in the axils of 
the leaves. Leaves linear or lanceolate-linear, acuminate, in- 
serted by a thickened base, glabrous, one-nerved, four inches 
long, a quarter of an inch wide, margins slightly revolute. 
Flowers usually two at the apex of the stem, nodding ; 
pedicels short. Perianth about five inches long, tubular- 
campanulate, white inside, yellow in the tube, flushed 
with dull crimson on the outside, darker on the midribs ; 
outer segments lanceolate, one inch wide ; inner segments 
obovate-elliptic, two inches wide ; nectary wide, glabrous. 
Stamens rather shorter than the perianth; filaments minutely 
puberulous in the lower part; anthers almost basifixed, 
half an inch long, orange. Style a little longer than the 
stamens ; stigma three-lobed, green. — 0. H. Weight. 



Figs. 1 and 2, front and back views o£ an anther ; 3, stigma : — all enlarged. 

^OTS.—Lilium Brownii, Pott, in Rev. Hortic. scr. II. ii. (1843-44) p. 40(3 is 
L. japonicum, Thunb.— W. T. T.-D. 




8103 



VincentflrodksDay & Scm LiMmp 



L. Reeve tkC ?L onion. 



Tab. 8103. 
LYCASTE dyeriana. 

Peru. 

Orchidaceac. Tribe Vandeje. 
Lycaste, Lindl. ; Benth. et Eooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 547. 



Lycaste dyeriana, Sander, ex Bolfe in Kexv Bulletin, 1898, p. 195 ; Orch. Rev. 
1898, p. 303 ; Gard. Ohron. 1895, vol. ii. p. 49 ; a casteris speciebus habitn 
pendulo et f oliis glaucis differt. 

Herba epiphytica, casspitosa, pendula. Pseudobulbi ovoideo-orbiculares, sub- 
compressi, obscure angulati, circa 1| poll, lati, dipbylli. Folia pendula, 
lanceolata, acuminata, basi attenuata, glauca, 6-11 poll, longa, 1-1J poll, 
lata. Scapi a basi pseudobulborum producti, penduli, medio vagina 
Bpathacea obtecti, 3-5 poll, longi. Bracteze spathacese, late elliptico- 
oblongee, apiculataB, glaucae, 9-10 lin. longse. Flores pallide virides. 
Sepalum posticom lanceolato-oblongum, subobtusum, lf-2 poll, longnm, 
7-9 lin. latum ; sepala lateralia oblonga, subobtusa, obscure carinata, lf-2 
poll louga, 8-10 lin. lata. Petala oblonga, subobtusa, lj-lf poll, lonea, 
5-6 lin. lata. Labellum 1-li poll, longnm, obscure trilobum ; lobi laterales 
suberecti, basi angusti, prope apicem dilatati et obtusi ; lobo intermedio 
elliptico denticulato convexo apice reflexo et obtuso ; discus canaliculatns , 
callus oblongus bilobus margine incrassato. Columna clavata, incurva, 
8 lin. longa, alis anguste auriculatis. Mentum conicnm, obtusum, 4 lin. 
longum. 

Lycaste dyeriana, Sander, like Cattleya citrina, Lindl. 
(Bot. Mag. t. 3742),* and Masdevallia deorsa, Roife 
(t. 7766), in their respective genera, is quite anomalous in 
habit, differing from its allies in having acquired a 
pendulous habit, which extends to the entire plant, 
pseudobulbs, leaves and flowers. A similar habit has been 
acquired by the species of the small genus Scuticaria and 
some other epiphytes, and it has been observed by Rodway 
that such plants are usually found on the edges of the 
branches of the trees on which they grow, while the centre 
is occupied by erect and more robust epiphytes, and the 
habit is regarded as adaptive, natural selection gradually 
fitting them to their environment. 

The species figured was introduced by Messrs. F. 
Sander & Sons, St. Albans, and exhibited by them at the 
Royal Horticultural Society on July 9th, 1895, when it 
received a Botanical Certificate. A plant received at Kew 
died, but another received in 1903 from the Royal Botanic 

* By mistake, that plant is drawn erect and only the flower pendulous. 
November 1st,H906. 



Garden, Glasnevin, has flowered annually under green- 
house treatment, being suspended in its natural position. 

Descr. — A tufted, epiphytic, pendulous herb. Bulbs 
ovoid-orbicular, somewhat compressed and obscurely 
angled, about an inch and a half long, diphyllous. Leaves 
pendulous, lanceolate, acuminate, attenuate at the base, 
glaucous, about half to a foot long, an inch to an inch and 
a half broad. Scapes produced from the base of the bulbs, 
pendulous, with a spathaceous sheath about the middle, 
three to five inches long. Brads spathaceous, broadly 
elliptic-oblong, apiculate, glaucous, over three-quarters of 
an inch long. Floivers pale green. Dorsal sepal lanceo- 
late-oblong, subobtuse, about two inches long, by nearly 
three-quarters of an inch broad ; lateral sepals oblong, 
subobtuse, as long as the dorsal and slightly broader. 
Petals oblong, subobtuse, rather shorter and narrower 
than the sepals. Lip about an inch and a quarter long, 
obscurely three-lobed ; side lobes suberect, narrow at the 
base, dilated and obtuse at the apex ; front lobe elliptic, 
convex, denticulate, reflexed and obtuse at the apex ; disc 
channelled ; crest oblong, two-lobed at the apex and 
thickened at the margins. Column clavate, incurved, 
nearly three-quarters of an inch long, with narrow, auri- 
culate wings. Chin conical, obtuse, about a third of an 
inch long. — E. A. RoLFE. 



Fig. 1, lip with one side lobe cut off ; 2, column ; 3 and 4, pollinarium, sten 
from front and baclc : — all enlarged. 




MIS. del. JJl JitduBh 



VmceatBro ok= J) ay &. S onL&htig 



L Reeve i.C^Lorukov 



Tab. 8104. 
COTYLEDON dbvbnsis. 

Of garden origin. 

Cb,ASSULACE/E. 

Cotyledon, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 659. 



Cotyledon (§ Echeveria) devensis, hybrida (glauca x gibbiflora ?) vel 
forma Btaturas insignitss. 

Planta succulenta, caule 1\ ped. alto, 1| poll, crasso. Folia laxe rosulafca, 
8-10 poll, longa, 3-3| poll, lata, oblanceolata vel elongato-obovata, obtusa, 
apiculata, glauco-virentia, basi roseo-purpureo tincta. Pedimcidi duo, 
5-7 ped alti, inferne foliis anguste oblanceolatis 3|-4J poll, longis, f-l| 
poll, latis laxe obtecti, snperne nudi, rubescentes. Panlculx 9 poU. longa), 
racemis recurvis 2-4§ poll, longis composita3. Mores pedicellati, bracteati! 
Sepala 3-4 lin. longa. carnosa, lineari-lanceolata, albo-glaoca, leviter roseo- 
tincta. Corolla 6-7 lin. longa, rubra, glauca. 



This plant is so remarkable among its allies for its great 
stature as to be worth a place in this work. Unfortunately 
its history is unknown, except that it was received at 
Kew in 1902 as a hybrid between G. glauca, Baker, and 
G. gibbiflora, Baker (better known in gardens as Echeveria 
metallica), from Messrs. Dicksons, of Chester, who, 
however, are nnable to give any information as to its' 
origin. How or where it was raised, cannot be ascer- 
tained. If a hybrid, it differs widely from those already 
known in gardens between the same parents — Echeveria 
glauco-metallica and E. metallico-glauca, which are stemless 
plants with leaves in a dense rosette about nine inches in 
diam., and flower-stems only one to one and a half feet 
high, whilst this plant has a stout stem a foot high, and 
flower-stems five to seven feet high. That it is derived in 
some way from 0. gibbiflora either as hybrid or chance 
variation is probable. But it seems scarcely credible that 
the small stemless G. glauca should be a parent of the 
most gigantic form of the genus at present known. 
Except in its giant stature it much resembles the form 
figured as Echeveria gibbiflora in Lindley's Botanical 
liegister, t. 1247. The plant attracted considerable atten- 
tion from cultivators of succulent plants when it flowered 
at Kew in February and March of this year, and it is now 
coming into flower again. It may be conveniently dis- 

Novembee 1st, 1906. 



tinguished as G. devensis from Deva, the Roman name of 
Chester. 

Descr. — A succulent perennial, with a simple stem 
fifteen inches high, and one inch and a half thick, marked 
with the transverse scars of fallen leaves, glaucous-green 
above, becoming brown with age. Leaves laxly rosulate, 
eight to ten inches long, three to three and a half inches 
broad, oblanceolate or elongate-obovate, tapering into a 
broad, short petiole, light green, tinged with light rosy 
purple at the base, slightly glaucous. Flower-stems two, 
one on either side of the plant, five to seven feet long, 
half to three-quarters of an inch thick s erect, somewhat 
flexuose, purplish or reddish on the upper part, green 
below, glaucous, the lower half laxly covered with elongate, 
oblanceolate, acute leaves, three and a half to four and a 
half inches long, and three-quarters to one and a quarter 
of an inch broad, tapering to the shortly spurred base, 
light green, tinged with rosy-purple at the base, slightly 
glaucous. Panicle about nine inches long, of several re- 
curving racemes two to four and a half inches long. 
Flowers pedicellate, bracteate. Sepals one-quarter to one- 
third of an inch long, very spreading, fleshy, linear- 
lanceolate, acute, whitish-glaucous, slightly rosy-tinted. 
Corolla six to seven lines long, five-angled, with lanceolate, 
acute segments, scarlet-red, paler towards the base, very 
glaucous. Stamens included. Byjpogynous glands trans- 
verse, emarginate. Carpels whitish, tapering into short, 
purple styles. — N. E. Brown. 



Fig. 1, flower, with the corolla and stamens removed, showing the hypo- 
gynous glands and carpels; 2, petal and stamen; 3, anther, side view; 
4, whole plant : — figs. 1—3, enlarged; fig. 4, greatly reduced. 




8105 



deL J.N Fitch kth 



Vmcimt Bioolts, Day <Jt San-Lt^imp 



Tab. 8105. 

ribes cruentum. 
Western United States. 



Saxifhagace^;. Tribe Kibesie^e. 
Ribes, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 654. 



Ribes (§ Grossularia) cruentum, Greene, Pittonia, vol. iv. p. 35 ; a R. amicto, 
Oreene, iolns et calyce fere omnino glabratis prtecipue differt, 

Frutex diffuse ramosus, novellis minutissime puberulis exceptis, glaber- aculei 
subaxillares i 3, stricti vel leviter curvati, H poll, longi, medio late'ralibus 
longiori. Folia saborbicularia, 3- vel 5-lobata, §-l| poll, diam., basi 
clistincte lobata vel interdum fere truncata; lobi breviter lateque crenati • 
petioh gracilhmi, circiter \ poll, longi. Pedunculi solitarii, 1-flori, J-§ poll! 
longi, bractea solitaria spathacea decidaa ovarium fere omnino vaginante' 
instructi. Calyx circiter \ poll, longus, glaber, saturate ruber, interdum 
apice loborum pallide viridis ; tubus subcylindricus, circiter 2 lin. longus ; 
lobi oblongi, 3-4 lin. longi, obtusi, primum patentes, demum reflexi! 
Peiala erecta, alba, late obovata, invoiuta, 2 lin. longa, apice H lin. lata, 
ibidem minute denticulata. Stamina calycis lobos asquantia vel leviter 
saperantia; anthers sagittato-oblongse, fere 2 lin. longa), apiculatss. 
Ovarium aculeis pallidis cum glandnlis sessilibus vel breviter stipitatis 
mixtis dense vestitum. Stylus staminibus paulum Iongior, bifidus. Bacca 
subglobosa, rubra, circiter § poll, diam., aculeia patentibus 2-3 lin. loneis 



armata. 



The specimen figured, which was obtained from a plant 
purchased from Mr. L. Spiith, of Rixdorf, Berlin, in 1899, 
differs, in some particulars, from the wild specimens pre- 
served in the Kew Herbarium. The most noteworthy is, 
that in the cultivated plant the petals are much broader 
and less conspicuously denticulate at the apex. It is also 
described as " wholly glabrous," but in the cultivated 
specimen a minute, but rather dense, pubescence may be 
found on the younger branches and leaves. Beyond this 
there is little to distinguish it from B. amictum, of which 
the pubescence is very marked. 

B. cruentum, according to Prof. Greene, is common in 
the Calif ornian Coast Range, from Sonoma County north- 
ward into Southern Oregon. 

The plant at Kew is growing in the Bibes Collection, 
near the Temperate House, and is now about two feet 
high and more than a yard across. It flowers in May. 

Descr. — A dwarf, diffusely branched shrub, glabrous, 
except the very minute pubescence on the younger parts ; 
subaxillary spines three, straight or slightly curved, a 

November 1st, 1906. 



quarter to half an inch long, the median longer than the 
lateral. Leaves suborbicular, three- or five-lobed, two- 
thirds to an inch and a half across, distinctly lobed or 
sometimes almost truncate at the base ; lobes shortly and 
broadly crenate; petioles very slender, about a quarter of 
an inch long. Peduncles solitary, one-flowered, a quarter 
to a third of an inch long ; bract solitary, spathaceous, 
deciduous, almost entirely enveloping the ovary. Calyx 
about half an inch long, glabrous, crimson, sometimes pale 
green at the apex of the lobes ; tube subcylindric, about a 
sixth of an inch long ; lobes oblong, a quarter to a third of 
an inch long, obtuse, at first spreading, afterwards re- 
flexed. Petals erect, white, broadly obovate, involute, a 
sixth of an inch long, an eighth of an inch broad, and 
minutely denticulate at the apex. Stamens as long as, or 
slightly longer than, the calyx-lobes; anthers sagittate- 
oblong, apiculate. Ovary densely covered with pallid 
spines, mixed with sessile or shortly stalked glands. Style 
slightly longer than the stamens, bifid. Berry sub- 
globose, red, about two-thirds of an inch in diameter, 
with spreading spines a sixth to a quarter of an inch 
long. — S. A. Skan. 

Fig. 1, peduncle and pistil; 2, bract ; 3, two o£ the petals and a stamen ; 
4, a stamen : — all enlarged. 



sirs 




42m 



j 1-. 






U.S., 



AfijiceatBraciksDaj&SonXtteTip 



L Reeve iC? London. 



Tab. 8106. 
pleione yunnanensis. 

China. 



Obchidace^k. Tribe Epidendke^e. 

Pleioxk, D. Don Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 36; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Hani 
vol. iii. p. 513, sub Ccologyne. 



Pleione yunnanensis, Bolfe in Orch. Rev. 1903, p. 292 ; 1906, p. 81, fi> 10 • 
Gard, Chron. 1906, vol. i. p. 115; Journ. of Hort, 1906, vol. i. p. 251, cum 
ic; a specielms rehquis cultis pseudobulbis globoso-ovoideis et scapis 
altionbus distmcta. 

Herba terrestris, caeapitosa, rhizomate valido. Pseudobulbi ovoideo-«lobosi 
nitidi, circa 1 poll, lati, monophylli. Folia elliptico-lanceolatar acuta' 
plicata, membranacea, circa 1 ped. longa, lj-lf poll, lata, basi vaginis 
spathaceo-oblongis obtecta. Scapi erecti, 5-6 poll, alti, basi vaginis 
spathaceis imbricatis obtecti, unirlori. Bractex spathacea?, oblongaj, 
obtussB, 1-lJ poll. longa3. Pedicelli li-l| poll, longi. Flores speciosi' 
roseo-purpm-ei, labello atropurpureo-maculati. Sepala patentia, oblongo- 
lanceolata, tmbobtusa, l^-lf poll, longa, 4 lin. lata. Petala subsimilia, 
paullo angustiora. Labellum obovato-orbiculare, firnbriatum, 1-lj pell, 
latum, lateribus incurvis et circa columnam convolutis, disci lamellis 5 
denticulatis vel fimbriatis. Columna clavata, incurva, alata, 9-10 lin. 
longa, apice 3 lin. lata, alis obtusis; pollinia 4, ovoideo-oblonga, basi 
glandulse oblongre afS.xa,.—Goelo(/i/ne (Pleione) yunnanensis, Rolfe in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxxvi. p. 23. 



Pleione is a small Indian and Chinese genus of Orchids 
which was established by D. Don, in 1825, and after- 
wards united with Goelogyne, Lindl., though markedly 
different in habit, in its annual pseudobulbs, thin, deci- 
duous leaves, erect, one-flowered inflorescence and in 
floral structure. At least eleven species are known, six 
of which are natives of Northern India, and all have ap- 
peared in cultivation, and been figured in the Botanical 
Magazine. These are Pleione jprsecox, D. Don (t. 4496), 
P. maculata, Lindl. (t. 4691), P. lagenaria, Lindl. 
(t. 5370), P. humilis, D. Don (t. 5674), P. reichenbachiana, 
T. Moore (t. 5753), and P. hookeriana, T. Moore (t. 6388) 
— all under the name of Cmlogyne. They are charming 
little plants, and are often called Indian Crocuses. Two 
of the five Chinese species have also recently been intro- 
duced, but only this one has as yet flowered. 

Pleione yunnanensis, Rolfe, was originally discovered by 
Mr. W. Hancock, F.L.S., in mountain pastures at Mengtse, 

^November 1st, 1906. 



in the province of Yunnan, at 6,000 to 7,000 feet elevation, 
in March, 1895, and Dr. Augustine Henry, F.L.S., shortly 
afterwards collected it in the same district, but at a slightly 
lower elevation. Its introduction to cultivation came from 
another source. At the Royal Horticultural Society in 
February last a pan of several plants was exhibited by 
Messrs. Sutton & Sons, of Reading, as " Orchid species 
from China," which I immediately recognized as a species 
already described from dried specimens. Shortly after- 
wards they forwarded flowers to Kew from which this 
plate was prepared, the leaves, which appear later, being 
added afterwards. Unlike several of those above men- 
tioned, it is not an autumn-flowering species. Messrs. 
Sutton received the bulbs from a correspondent in China 
some years ago, but, having mislaid his address, cannot 
trace its exact source. It is a very charming little plant. 
Descr. — A terrestrial herb, with ovoid-globose, shining, 
one-leaved bulbs, about an inch broad. Leaves elliptic- 
lanceolate, acute, plicate, membranous, about a foot long 
by an inch and three-quarters broad, with an oblong, 
spathaceous, basal sheath. Scapes erect, about six inches 
high, with several imbricating, spathaceous sheaths at the 
base, one-flowered. Bracts spathaceous, oblong, obtuse, 
over an inch long. Pedicels about an inch and a half long. 
Flowers large, rose-purple, with numerous dark purple 
blotches on the lip. Sepals spreading, oblong-lanceolate, 
somewhat obtuse, about an inch and a half long by a third 
of an inch broad. Petals rather narrower, but otherwise 
similar. Lip obovate-orbicular, fringed, about an inch 
and a quarter long, the sides incurved and convolute 
round the column ; disc with five denticulate or fimbriate 
keels. Column clavate, incurved, about three-quarters of 
an inch long, winged, dilated at the apex to a quarter of 
an inch broad, wings obtuse ; pollinia four, ovoid-oblong, 
affixed to a small, oblong gland at the base. — R A. Rolfe. 



Fig. 1, lip with one Bide removed ; 2, its marginal fringes; 3, column ; 4 and 
•>, pollinarium, seen from front and back : — all enlarged. 



sw\ 




M.S.del.J^fJit«3iIith. 



Vincent Broolis.Day &. Son Lt J trap 



L Reeve &C°I.aruion 



Tab. 8107. 

^CHMEA gigas. 
Brazil ? 



Bromeliace^e. Tribe Bromelie*:. 
^Echmea, Ruiz et Pav. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 663. 

-fflSchmea g\g^,E. Morren ex Baker, Eandb. Bromel. p. 61 ; /£. Lalindei, 
lrtnden & Kodigas, affinis, bracteis inermibus recedit. 

Planta acanlescens. Folia circa 16 rosulatim disposita, lorata, breviter 
acuminata, basi vaginata, 3 ped. longa, 5 poll, lata, supra fere glabra, 
subtus albo-furfuracea ; spina? ad foliorum medium rectffi, inter se 3 lin. 
distantes, inferiores decurvai, superiores incurrae. Pedunculus fere 1 ped. 
longus, robustus ; bracteas dentata?, inferiores imbricatre, vagina elliptica 
inflata purpurea laminaque ovata acuminata viridi, superiores rosulatim 
congests, ovataa, purpurea?, 5 poll, longae, 2J poll, lata?, dentataj ; spica 
simplex, oblonga, 5 poll, longa, 2 poll. lata. Calyx rigidus, extus albo- 
lepidotus; lobi 4 Ho. longi, suborbiculares, concavi, breviter aristati. 
Corolla breviter exserta, dilute viridis; petala 7 lin. longa, 1| lin. lata, 
anguste oblonga, emarginata, basi squamis duabus fimbriatis instrncta. 
Stamina ad corollas medium affixa; antherse oblonga;, mucronatre, quam 
filamenta duplo longiores. Stylus breviter trilobus. Fructus 3-6-angu- 
laris, albo-lepidotus, infra viridis, supra dilute roseus, pyramidalis, 
sepalorum mucronibus erecto-patentibus coronatus, H poll, longus. 

The plant here figured was purchased from the widow 
of the late Prof. E. Morren of Liege, and flowered in the 
Victoria House at Kew for the first time in March last. 
No description of the species was ever published by Prof. 
Morren, but there exists amongst his drawings at Kew a 
life-sized figure by P. Stroobant of a plant which flowered 
in November, 1881. ffl. Lalindei, Linden & Rodigas (III. 
Hort. vol. xxx. t. 481), to which this species is united by 
Mr. Baker, is a very close ally from New Granada, of 
which perfect flowers are not known. Mez (in DC. 
Monogr. Than. vol. ix. p. 263) does not agree as to the 
identity of these two species, but suggests that our plant 
belongs to the section Chevallieria ; it seems, however, to 
connect that section with Pothuava, in having the in- 
florescence of the latter without large bracts subtending 
each flower, while the angular ovary is that of the former. 
M. Marix-Reginx, H. Wendl. (Bot. Mag. t. 6441) is 
another allied species, but with a longer, narrower spike, 
and narrower bracts. 

Since flowering the plant at Kew has produced two 

December 1st, 1906. 



healthy offsets. The original plant was sent to Prof. 
Morren by Dr. A. Glaziou of Rio Janeiro, and is presumably 
a native of Brazil. 

Descr. — Acaulescent. Leaves about sixteen in a tuft, 
lorate, shortly acuminate, sheathing at the base, three feet 
long, five inches wide, nearly glabrous above, white fur- 
furaceous beneath ; spines at the centre of the leaf three 
lines apart and straight, the lowermost decurved, the 
uppermost upcurved. Peduncle nearly a foot long ; bracts 
dentate, the lower imbricate, with a crimson, elliptic, in- 
flated sheath and a green, ovate-acuminate blade, the 
uppermost rosulato, ovate, crimson, five inches long, two 
and a quarter inches wide ; spike oblong, five inches long, 
two inches wide. Calyx rigid, white, lepidote outside ; 
lobes four lines long, suborbicular, concave, shortly awned. 
Corolla shortly exserted, pale green ; petals seven lines 
long, a line and a half wide, narrowly oblong, emarginate, 
with two fimbriate scales at the base. Stamens inserted 
about half-way up the corolla ; anthers oblong, mucronate, 
about twice as long as the filaments. Style shortly three- 
lobed. Fruit three- to six-angled, white lepidote, green 
below, pale rose and pyramidal above, an inch and a 
quarter long, crowned by the spreading awns of the per- 
sistent sepals.— C. H. Weight. 



Fig, 1, portion of calyx and pistil ; 2, portion of corolla laid open , 3, anther ; 
4, apex of style; 5, whole plant: — 1-4, enlarged; 5, mnch reduced. 



sws 




VuvceaiLBrookspay i-SonLt Imp 



L.Rfi<3V« &. C°Ion<ic 



Tam. 8108. 
PONTEDBRIA CORD AT A, var. lanoipolia. 

Temperate America. 



PoNTEDEKIACEiE. 

Poxtedkria, Linn.: Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 837; Solms in 
DC. Monogr. vol. iv. p. 531. 



Pontederia cordata, Linn., var. lancifolia, Morong, in Mem. Torr. Bot. 
Glub, vol. v. p. 105 ; a typo foliis lauceolatis recedit. 

Herba aquatica, 1-2 ped. alta. Rhizoma horizontale vel ascendens, abbre- 
viatum, inferne radicibus dense obtectum. Gaules floriferi erecti, inter- 
nodiis duobus superioribus elongatis. Folia longe petiolata, petiolis 
itiferne vaginantibus ; lamina lanceolata, obfcnsa, basi rotundata vel 
obtusa, J-l ped. longa, 1-2| poll, lata, glabra. Spatlia angusta, tubulosa. 
Panicula densa, spiciformis, 2-4 poll, longa. Perigonium cseruleam, 
glanduloso-pilosum, circiter | poll, lougum ; tubas antice fenestratus ; 
lobi ovato-oblongi, tubo breviores ; lobus median us posticus macula flavo- 
virente notatus. Acheenium, ovatnm, beve, breviter apiculatum. — P. lan- 
cifolia, Muhl. Cat. p. 34; Ell. Sketch, vol. i. p. 382. P. lanceolata, Nutt. 
Gee Am. vol. i. p. 216. 

The small family of the Pontederiacese contains but five 
genera, of which three have been figured in this Magazine, 
namely: — Pontederia (t. 1156), in which two of the cells 
of the ovary are abortive, and only a single ovule is 
developed in the third cell ; Eichhomia (t. 2932, sub Pon- 
tederia, & tt. 5020, 6487), which differs from Pontederia in 
having all three cells developed and containing many 
ovules ; and Heteranthera (t. 6192), which is noteworthy, 
on account of having only three stamens. 

One of the best known species is the " Water hyacinth," 
Eichhomia speciosa, a native of Tropical South America, 
which was introduced into the St. John's River, Florida, 
about 1890, and increased so rapidly as to become a serious 
menace to navigation in 1897. A full account of its spread 
is given in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division 
of Botany, Bull. No. 18. It is figured at t. 2932 under the 
name Pontederia azurea. 

The plant now figured was regarded as a distinct 
species by Muhlenberg and Nuttall, but has been reduced 
by more" recent botanists, including Solms, who mono- 
graphed the family, to a variety or form of P. cordata ; 
the typical form of the latter is figured in t. 1150. The 

Decrmbeu 1st, 1906. 



variety lancifolia has been cultivated at Kew for many 
years, and flowers annually in the Waterlily House. 

Descr. — An aquatic herb, one to two feet high. 
Rhizome short, horizontal, or ascending, giving off many 
roots on its lower surface. Flowering stems erect, with 
the two uppermost internodes elongated. Leaves long- 
petioled ; petioles sheathing in their lower part ; blade 
lanceolate, obtuse at the apex, rounded or obtuse at the 
base, six to twelve inches long, one inch to two inches and 
a half broad, glabrous. Panicle dense, spike-like/two to 
four inches long. Perianth blue, glandular-pilose,' about 
half an inch long ; tube Avith four longitudinal clefts in 
front; lobes ovate-oblong, shorter than the tube, the 
median posticous one with a greenish-yellow blotch. 
Achene ovate, smooth, shortly apiculate. — T. A. Speague. 



Fig. 1 a flower, and two young bnds ; 2, pistil; 3, ditto, longitudinal 
section ; 4, ditto, transverse section : — all enlarged. 



8109 







K7W*-- 



I 




lel.J.N.Fitchlith 



VincerLt.Brooks,DayftJ?onLt,4-Inip 



L Reeve & C? London 



Tab. 8109. 
VANDA Watsoni. 
Annam. 

Okchidacea:. Tribe Vande^k. 
Vanda, i?. Br.i Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 578. 



Vanda Watsoni, Solfe in Gard. Chron. 1905, vol. i. pp. 82, 123, fig. 52; 
Orch. Rev. 1905, p. 67; aff. V. kimballiavx, Reichb. f., a qua dift'ert 
labello concavo fimbriato albo, basi saccato nee calcarato. 

Herba epiphytica, gracilis, 1-li ped. alta. Folia subteretia, acuta, gracilia, 
supra lteviter canaliculata, 6-14 poll, longa, 2 lin. lata, viridia ; vaginas 
membranacese, brunneo-maculatsc. Scapi suberecti, gracilee, f-1 ped. 
it?' 10_1 r" flori - Sractex ovato-oblongas, obtusse, 2 lin. longge. Flores 
albi; crista fiava, purpureo-maculata. Sepala obovato-spatbulata, 
obtusa, 9-10 lin. longa ; lateralia basi obliqua. Petala obovato-spathu- 
lata, obtusa, 9 lin. longa, basi deflexa et torta. Labellum 3-loLum, 8 lin. 
longum ; lobi laterales incurvi, carnosi, truncati, margines dentibus 
acutis binis instructi ; lobus intermedins cordato-ellipticus, obtusus, con- 
cavus, circa 6 lin. latus, margines fimbriati et basi incurvi; saccus 
obtusus, 1| lin. latus, 2 lin. altus, intus flavus, brunneo-maculatus ; 
callus erectus, 3-lobm?. Columna ckvata, 3 lin. longa, pede callo 
truncato vel obscure 3-lobo instructo. 



Vanda Watsoni, Rolfe, is a distinct and attractive 
species, which was discovered in the interior of Annain 
by Mr. W. Micholitz, a collector for Messrs. Sander & 
Sons, by w r hom it was introduced to cultivation, and at 
whose request it was dedicated to Mr. W. Watson, Curator 
of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It flowered at the 
Royal Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, early in 1905. It is 
the third member of a curious little group, characterized 
by having narrow or acute leaves and racemes of moderate- 
sized flowers, all of which have now been figured in this 
work. The two others are V. Idmballiana, Reichb. f. 
(t. 7112) and V. amesiana, Reichb. f. (t. 7139), both 
natives of Upper Burma. A fourth species with terete 
leaves has also been figured, namely, V. teres, Lindl. 
(t. 4114), but that has far larger flowers, which are 
markedly different in structure. 

The plate was prepared in February last from materials 
furnished by Messrs. Sander, with the help of a living- 
plant in the Kew collection which had previously been 
received from them. It flowers freely in winter under 
tropical treatment. 

Decembek 1st, 1906. 



Descr. — Plant almost identical with Vanda kimballiana, 
Reichb. 1, in habit, about a foot high. Leaves subterete, 
acute, slender, slightly channelled on the upper side, six 
to fourteen inches long, less than a quarter of an inch 
broad, dull, dark green, spotted with brown on the mem- 
branous sheaths. Scapes nearly erect, slender, about a 
foot high, with ten to twelve white flowers, having the 
crest and interior of the sac yellow, spotted with brown. 
Bracts ovate-oblong, obtuse, under a quarter of an inch 
long. Sepals obovate-spathulate, obtuse, about three- 
quarters of an inch long ; the lateral pair oblique at the 
base. Petals similar to the sepals in shape, but rather 
shorter, deflexed, and twisted at the base, so that the face 
is turned underneath. Lip three-lobed, nearly three- 
quarters of an inch long ; side lobes incurved, truncate, 
fleshy, with a pair of acute teeth on the inner margin ; 
front lobe cordate-elliptic, obtuse, concave, about half an 
inch broad, with a fimbriate margin, incurved at the base 
till the sides nearly meet ; sac obtuse, under a quarter of 
an inch deep, about half as broad, bearing inside an erect 
three-lobed crest, yellow in colour, spotted with brown. 
Column club-shaped, a quarter of an inch long, bearing a 
truncate or obscurely three-lobed callus on the foot, 
opposite to the crest of the lip. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fi£S. 1 and 2, column, with base of lip, seen from side and front; 3 and 
4, pollinarium, seen from front and back : — all enlarged. 



8110 



T\ C': ' 




del J.N>; 



Vinc;ent,Brooks,Da.y&.Sarv Li, 



L Reeve & 



Tap. 8110. 
COREOPSIS Grantii. 

Eastern Tropical Africa. 

Composite. Tribe Helianthoide*. 
Coreopsis, Linn. ;. Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 385. 



Coreopsis Grant ii, Oliver in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxix. p. 98, t. 65, et Fl. 
Prop. Africa, v-J. iii. p. 388; W. W. in Garcl. Chron. 1906. vol. i. p. 162, 
f. 6t ; The Garden, vol. lxix. p. 161, cum figura ; C. Steppuv, Steetz, affinis, 
foliis bipinnatifidis molliter pubescentibus, achasniis haud alatis, pappi 
amtis quam acbcenia multo brevioribus. 

Herba perennis, erecta, 2-4 ped. alta, suffruticosa, ramosa, dense foliata, 
ubique breviter et molliter pubescens ; rami patentipsimi, subteretes vel 
obscure angulati, validiores plus minusve semi-pollicares diametro. 
Folia patentia, subsessilia vel longe petiolata, atroviridia, panlum yiscida, 
bipiunatifida, deltoidea, 1-6 poll, longa, basi f-6 poll, lata; lobuli oyati, 
apice rotundati, terminalibus anguBtioribus acutis exceptis, minutissime 
apiculati ; petioli ad If poll, longi, ut rbacbis anguste alati et supra 
canaliculati. Gapitula breviter peduuculata, H-2 poll, diam., Horibus 
vivide luteiB. Involucri brac^ea? exteriores herbaeea?, vindes, pilosse, 
spathulato-oblongte, 2\ Hn. longse, acuta?, interiores majores, membra- 
naceaj, oblongse, lntete, extra pilosse. Ftores ligulati ssepissime 8, oblongi, 
8-10 lin longi, 3-4 lin. lati, apice denticulati. Beceptacuh plani palese 
anguste oblongs, achseniis leviter longiores. Achxnia oblongo-lineana, 
circiter 2* lin. longa, compressa, marginibus et facie mtenore parce 
setulosa. ' ' Pappus minutua, setoso-ciliatus, cum aristis duabus oppositis 
acbamio 5-6-plo brevioribus. 

Coreopsis Grantii is a herb of robust habit, elegant, 
dark green foliage, with some resemblance to that of 
Ajithriscus sylvestris, and bright yellow flower-heads, pro- 
duced in the winter months. It is of very easy culture, 
with treatment similar to that given to the Chrysanthe- 
mum, and the protection of a cool house during the winter, 
as it is not quite hardy. It commences to flower in 
December, and reaches its best in February. 

Coreopsis Grantii was first discovered by Capt. Grant 
in Karague, German East Africa, during the Speke and 
Grant Expedition to the sources of the Nile in 1860-63. 
It appears to have escaped the attention of all subsequent 
travellers till Messrs. M. T. Dawe and E. Brown, of the 
Scientific and Forestry Department, Entebbe, collected it 
in the district of Buddu, Uganda, where it is common at 
elevations between 3,900 and 5,000 feet. It was grown 
at Kew from seeds received from Mr. Dawe in 1905. 

December 1st, 1906. 



The type specimen is rather more hairy than the culti- 
vated plant; its leaves are much smaller, and all are 
subsessile, but only the upper ones are present. There 
are variations, too, in the depth of the lobing of the leaves, 
and in the breadth of the ultimate lobes. 

Descr. — A perennial, subshrubby, branched herb, erect, 
two to four feet high, densely leafy, everywhere shortly and 
softly pubescent; branches very spreading, subterete or 
obscurely angular, the stronger about half an inch in 
diameter. Leaves spreading, subsessile, or long-petioled, 
dark green, somewhat viscid, bipinnatifid, deltoid, one to 
six inches long, three-quarters to six inches broad at the 
base; ultimate lobes ovate, rounded at the apex, very 
minutely apiculate, the terminal ones narrower and acute ; 
petioles up to an inch and three-quarters long, like the 
rhachis narrowly winged and channelled on the upper side. 
Flower-heads shortly peduncled, an inch and a half to two 
inches in diameter, with bright yellow florets. Outer 
bracts of the involucre herbaceous, green, pilose, spathulate- 
oblong, nearly a quarter of an inch long, acute ; inner 
larger, membranous, oblong, yellow, pilose outside. Ligu- 
late florets usually eight, oblong, two-thirds to slightly 
more than three-quarters of an inch long, a quarter to a 
third of an inch broad, minutely toothed at the apex. 
Receptacle flat, with narrowly oblong scales slightly longer 
than the achenes. Achenes oblong-linear, about a fifth of 
an inch long, compressed, setulose on the margins and on 
the inner side. Pappus small, of short, setose hairs, and 
two opposite bristles five or six times shorter than the 
achene. — S. A. Skan. 

Fig- 1, part of ray-floret ; 2, disk-floret and scale of the receptacle ; 
3, anthers ; 4, upper portion of style :— all enlarged. 



sm. 




M.S.delJURu-Mith 



Vrn-cmit Brooks Day <3i ; 



L Reeve & C 



Tab. 8111. 
RHODODENDRON Foedii. 

China. 

Ericaceae. Tribe Rhobore^e. 
Rhododendron, Linn. ; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 



Rhododendron Fordii, Hemsl. in Kew Bull. 1894, p. 5; species ex'amnitate 
R. Fortunei, Liadl. (B. M. t. 5596) et B. brachycarpi, D. Don (B. M. 
t. 7881), sed ab arabobus foliis minoribns bxsi cuneatis et florum colore 
differt. 

Fritter demum circiter 8-pedalis, ramulis floriferis tortuosis glabre3centibus 
apice tanfcum foliiferis. Folia distincte petiolata, cvassa, coriacea, 
primam floccoso-tomerifcosa, fulva, cito glabrescentia, obovato-lanceolata, 
2-3 poll, longa, apice rotundata, deorsum attanuata. Corymbi 4-6-flori; 
bractete coriaceeo, glutiuosse, fulvro glabrescentes, lanceolatae, acutre, 
exteriores gradatim miaores ; pedicelli ferrugineo-pubescentes, quatn folia 
breviores. Flores circiter 3 poll, diametro, intus albi, corollte lobo 
superiore roseo maculoso, extus primum roseo-purpurei. Calyx parvus, 
lobis triangularibus acutis. Corolla 5-loba, lobis rotundatis emarginatis. 
Stamina saBpius 10, insequalia, longiora corollam fere a3quantia, filamentis 
infra medium puberulis; antheras aurantiaciB. Ovarium pilis stellatis 
vestitum ; stylus stamina paullo excedens, in parte inferiore pilis paucis 
glandulosis prseditus. Capsula ignota. 



The genus Rhododendron is spread all around the 
northern hemisphere, extending southward to Florida and 
California in America, and in the Bast southward to New 
Guinea and North Australia, with the greatest concen- 
tration of species in China, chiefly in the western provinces. 
About 150 Chinese species have been described, and there 
are probably not fewer than twenty-five undescribed species 
in the Kew Herbarium. Considering the immense areas of 
unexplored China in connection with the fact that many, 
perhaps most of the species are quite local, the total 
number of species inhabiting that country is probably not 
under 250. B. Fordii is an eastern species, collected by a 
native in Lantao Island, in 1889, for the Hong Kong 
Botanic Garden. Lantao, it may be mentioned, is con- 
siderably larger than, and lies a little to the west of 
Hong Kong. Plants were raised at Kew from seeds sent 
in 1894 by Mr. C. Ford, I.S.O.,F.L.S., at that time Super- 
intendent of the Hong Kong Botanic Garden, and it has 
been widely distributed to other gardens. It is a very 
pretty species, the flower-buds being of a bright purple- 
red, and the expanded flowers white inside, with a slight 

December 1st, 1906. 



spotting of red on the uppermost lobe. The plant from 
which the figure was made flowered in May in a green- 
house, and it is not hardy at Kew. 

Descr. — A tortuously branched, glabrescent shrub, 
reaching a height of eight feet. Leaves clustered at the 
tips of the branches, distinctly stalked, thick, leathery, 
when young clothed, especially on the undersurface, with 
pale brown felt, obovate-lanceolate, two to three inches 
long, rounded at the tip, narrowed downwards. Corymbs 
four- to six-flowered ; bracts leathery, glutinous, lanceo- 
late, acute, outer ones gradually smaller; pedicels clothed 
with a rusty pubescence, shorter than the leaves. Flowers 
about three inches in diameter. Calyx small; teeth 
triangular, acute. Corolla five-lobed ; lobes rounded, 
notched. Stamens usually ten, unequal, the longer ones 
nearly equalling the corolla ; filaments slightly hairy 
below the middle; anthers yellow. Ovary clothed with 
stellate hairs ; style slightly glandular in the lower part, 
a little longer than the stamens. Capsule unknown. — 
W. Bolting Bemsley. 



Fig. 1, portion of leaf, under surface; 2, hairs from the ovary : 3, calyx and 
pistil : 4 and 5, stamens : — all enlarged. 



INDEX 

To Vol. II. of the Fourth Series, or Vol. CXXXII. of the 

whole Work. 



8098 Abies Mariesii. 
8107 vEchmea gigas. 

8062 Arachnanthe annamensis. 

8052 Asparagus Sprengeri. 

8099 Blakea gracilis. 

8089 Boronia fastigiata. 

8088 Bulbophyllum Ericssoni. 

8071 Callopsis Volkensii. 

8093 Catasetum galeritum v 

pachyglossum. 
8096 Cereus Scheerii. 
8066 Ceropegia fusca. 

8100 Chloraea virescens. 

8090 Codonopsis Tangshen. 
8055 Colchicum crocifiorum 
8110 Coreopsis Grantii. 
8104 Cotyledon d/vensis. & 

8053 Cynorchis compacta. 
8070 Cypripedium tibeticum. 
8083 Deutzia Wilsoni. 

8063 Erica terrninalis. 
8057 Eulophia nuda. 

8076 Euphorbia lophogona. 
8082 ,, procumbens. 

8092 Ficus Krishnae. 
8086 Genista cinerea. 
8075 „ dalmatica. 

8079 Gerbera aurantiaea. 
8068 Gladiolus carmineus. 

8080 ,, primulinus. 
8078 Gonioscypha eucomoides. 
8085 Gurania malacophylla. 



8091 Hedysarum multijugum tar. 
apiculatum. 

8059 Iris sieheana. 

8069 Ligustrum strongylophyllum. 

8072 Lilium Duchartrei. 

8102 ,, myriophyllum. 
8095 Linospadix Micholitzii. 
8074 Listrostachys hamata. 

8060 Lonicera pileata. 

8064 „ tragophylla. 

8103 Lycaste dyeriana. 
8077 Magnolia hypoleuca. 
8067 Nepenthes Phyllamphora. 
8097 Odontoglossum naevium. 
8054 Oxalis adenophylla. 

8084 Paphiopedilum glaucophyl- 

lum. 
8101 Passiflora punctata. 
8106 Pleione yunnanensis. 

8065 Polygala apopetala. 

8108 Pontederia cordata var. lan- 

cifolia. 

8073 Pi-imula cockburniana. 

8061 Prutius triloba. 

8111 Ehododendron Fordii. 
8081 „ Vaseyi. 

8087 Ehodostachys pitcairniifolia. 
8105 Bibes cruentum. 
8094 ,, viburnifolium. 
8058 Saxifraga scardica. 

8109 Vanda Watsoni. 
8056 Wittmackia lingulata. 



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8057.— EUI.OPHIA NUDA. 
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B O T A N I C A L M A G A Z I N E, 

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