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plants of tin ftopal 3Sotamr bartend of &eto, 




K.C.M.G., CLE., F.R.S., T.L.S., etc., 

VOL. I. 

(Or Vol. CXXXI. of the Whole Work.) 

This ia an Art 
That does mend Nature, change it rather, but 
The Art itself is Nature. 



Publishers to the Home, Colonial, and Indian Governments. 


[All rights reserved.] 




To My Wife 









W. T. T.-I). 



Vinnentaxoohs Day*. SonLt d "5nD 

Tab. 7992. 
CADALVENA spectabilts. 

Tropical Africa. 

Scitahine^e. Tribe Zingibek,e.e. 
Cadalvena, Fenzl in Sitz. Akad. Wissen. Wien, Math. Nat. vol. li. 2, p. 139. 

Cadalvena spectabilis, Fenzl, I.e. ; Baker in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 
vol. vii. p. 297 ; a C. pistiiefolia, Baker, foliis imbricatis basi non incrassatis 

Herba acaulie, stolonibus vaginatis instructa. Folia 4-7, rosulata, obovato- 
cuneata vel fere orbicularia, 2-9 poll, longa efc lata, supra obscure 
viridia et glabra, subtns pallidiora et appresse pubescentia, marginibus 
integerrimis rubris minute ciliatis. Floras foliis coetanei, 2-4 e centro 
foliorura rosuliB orientes, subsessiles. Galyx campanulatus, mem- 
branaceas, circa 20 lin. longus, lobis 3 brevibus triangularibus. 
Corolla pallide lutea, circa 3 poll, longa, profunde lobata, lobis 
oblongo-lanceolatis acutis 6 lin. latis. Staminodia lateralia nulla. 
Labellum luteum, basi convolutum 4 poll, longum, limbo suborbiculari 
patente 5 poll. diam. margine undulato. Stamen petaloideum, luteum, 
4 poll, longum, 4 lin. latum, lanceolatum; anthera paullo infra 
medium filamenti adnata, 4 lin. longa, loculis parallelis. Ovarium 
praecipue apice villosum ; ovula numerosa ; stylus filiformis ,• stigma 
flabellatnm, ciliatum. Gapsula membranacea, circa 1 poll, longa. — 
Ksempferia spectabilis, Benth. in Benth. et Hook. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. 
p. 642. Gostus spectabilis, K. Schum. in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xv. 
p. 422; Engl. Pflanzenr., Zingiberaceae, p. 421. Gagnepain in Bull. 
Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun, vol. xv. p. 18. 

This plant was originally described in 1865 as the type 
of a new genus, concerning the validity of which opinions 
have since differed. Bentham suggested that it should 
be united with Ksempferia, while K. Schumann has placed 
it in Costus. It is, however, intermediate between these 
two genera, having the habit, calyx, and corolla of the 
former, with the stamen and staminodes as in the latter, 
and is, therefore, better retained as generically distinct. 
One other species has been referred to this genus, viz. 
G. pistisefolia, Baker, from Angola, which differs from the 
present plant in having the leaves thickened and spongy 
at the base, but not imbricate. 

0. spectabilis is widely diffused in Tropical Africa, 
extending from Upper Sennar and Loukoungou, on the 
Congo, southward to Nyasaland. A specimen from 
Morambala Mountain, Portuguese East Africa, collected 
by Sir John Kirk, is accompanied by a water-colour 

Januabt 1st, 1905. 

drawing. Dried specimens of young plants much resemble 
those of Pistia Stratiotes, Linn. The conspicuous yellow 
flowers seated in the centre of the rosettes of bright 
green, red -edged leaves, render this plant highly decora- 

The genus was named after the traveller, Ed. de 
Cadalvene, author of a work entitled : UEgypte et La 
Nubie. Paris, 1836. 

Our figure was taken from a plant which flowered in a 
stove at Kew in July last, having been grown from tubers 
received in 1903 from Mr. J. McClounie, Head of the 
Scientific Department, Zomba, British Central Africa. 

Descr. — A stemless herb, bearing stolons covered with 
imbricate scales. Leaves four to seven in a rosette, 
obovate-cuneate or almost orbicular, two to nine inches 
long and broad, upper surface dark green and glabrous, 
under surface paler and adpressedly pubescent, margins 
quite entire, red, ciliate. Flowers produced at the same 
time as the leaves, two to four subsessile in the centre of 
the rosette. Calyx campanulate, membranous, about 
twenty lines long ; lobes three, short, triangular. Corolla 
pale yellow, about three inches long, deeply three-lobed : 
lobes oblong-oblanceolate, acute, six lines wide. Lateral 
staminodes none. Lip yellow, convolute, base four inches 
long ; limb patent, undulate at the margin, five inches 
in diameter. Stamen petaloid, four inches long, four lines 
wide, lanceolate ; anther adnate to the filament just below 
its centre, four lines long; cells parallel. Ovary three- 
celled, villous, especially at the apex ; ovules many ; style 
filiform ; stigma flabellate, ciliate. Capsule membranous, 
about one inch long. — C. H. "Wright. 

Fig. 1, stamen and style, natural size; % stigma, enlarged; 3, sketch of 
whole plant, muck reduced. 




X Reeve iC?Londo 

Tab. 7993. 
COTYLEDON elegans. 



Cotyledon, Linn.; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 659; Engler & 
Prantl, Pjlanzenfam. vol. iii. 2, A, p. 32. 

Cotyledon (§ Echeveria) elegans, N. E. Broivn ; species distinctissima, 
indumento et pedunculis 1- vel 2-floris facite distinguitar. 

Suffrutex sncculentus, ramosus, usque 20 poll, altus, omnino pubescens. 
Folia laxe rosulata, sessilia, spathulato-oblanceolata, acuta, §- \\ poll, 
longa, \— | poll, lata, ^ poll, crassa. Pedunculi infra folia oriundi, 2\- 
6 poll, longi, paucifoliati, apice 1- vel 2-flori. Sepala inaequalia, paten- 
tissima, lanceolata, acuta. Corolla circiter 1 poll, longa, erecta, tubuloso- 
cumpanulata, pentagona, extra coccinea, intra flava ; segmenta fere ad 
basin libera, lineari-oblonga, acuta, dorso carinata, basi leviter gibbosa, 
apice recurva. Stamina inclusa, pallide lutea, glabra ; filamenta fili- 
formia, glabra. Glandulee hypogynie brevissimse, transversa?, truncatte. 
Garpella corollaB suba3quilonga, glabra. — Oliverella elegans, Eose in 
Bull. New York Bot. Gard. vol. iii. p. 2. 

This most distinct and handsome species was found in 
August, 1901, in cultivation at Amacamaca, near the City 
of Mexico, by Dr. J. N. Rose, of the United States 
National Herbarium at Washington, and a plant was sent 
by him in 1903 to Kew, where it flowered in June, 1904. 
The specimen figured is a young plant ; in the adult state 
it is of a much larger size. G. elegans is one of the very 
few species of Cotyledon that are pubescent, and this 
character, in conjunction with its one- or two-flowered 
peduncles, readily distinguish it from all others. Although 
the peduncles bear so few flowers, their large size and 
brilliant colour make it one of the most attractive species 
yet introduced. Like most of its Mexican congeners, this 
species belongs to the section Echeveria, and although Dr. 
Rose has published it under a new generic name, I can 
find nothing, either in habit, vegetative organs, or floral 
structure, whereby it can be generically separated. 

Descr. — A suffruticose, succulent perennial, branching 
from the base upwards, one to two feet high ; branches, 
leaves, peduncle, calyx, and outside of the corolla softly 
and minutely pubescent. Branches a quarter to a third of 
an inch thick. Leaves in small, lax, terminal rosettes, 

JANDA.KY 1ST, 1905. 

spreading, sessile, two-thirds to one inch and a quarter 
long, one-third to half an inch broad, one-sixth thick, 
spathulate-oblanceolate, acute, flat above, convex beneath, 
light green, tips tinged with red. Peduncles arising 
below the rosettes of leaves, two to six inches long, 
bearing a few scattered, spreading leaves, which soon 
fall away, one- or two-flowered ; pedicels half to one inch 
long. Flowers sub-erect. Sepals unequal, spreading, 
linear-lanceolate, four to six or seven lines long, about two 
lines broad, acute, light green. Corolla about an inch 
long, and half an inch in diameter, tubular-campanulate, 
five-angled, bright, clear red, or almost scarlet outside, 
light yellow within ; segments free almost to the base, but 
closely overlapping, oblong, acute, recurved at the apex, 
slightly gibbous at the base, acutely keeled down the 
back. Stamens inserted a little above the base of the 
corolla, included, filaments rather stoutly filiform, not 
dilated at the base, pale yellow, glabrous ; anthers pale 
yellow. Ilypogynous glands very short, broader than long, 
truncate. Carpels about an inch long, shortly ovoid at the 
base, tapering into long styles, pale yellow below, greenish 
above, with brown stigmas. — N. E. Brown. 

Fig. 1, portion of corolla and two stamens ; 2, pistil and two hypogynous 
glands: — all enlarged. 



"\fincent Brocue ,DHy-&SanXt t fr t ® 

1. Reeve &-C°LaruLorL 

Tab. 7994. 

China and Japan. 

Gbamine.*. Tribe Bambuse.*. 

Phyllostachys, Sieh. & Zucc.; Munro in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. (1868), 
p. 35. Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 1208. 

Phyllostachys nigra, Munro, I.e. p. 38 ; Riviere, Les Bambous, pp. 255-261 ; 
Matsumura, Useful Plants of Japan (1895), p. 147, fig. 593. Mitford, 
Bamboo Gard. (1896), pp. 142-145, etc. Satoio, Cultiv. of Bamb. in 
Japan (Exir. Trans. As. Soc. Japan, vol. xxvii. 1899), pp. 52-54, 
with plate ; inter species generis panic ula supradecomposita ampla 
distincta, P. Faurei, Hack., proxima, culmis haud vel minus distincte 
angulatis plerumque fistulosis vix specifice distincta; forma primo 
descripta culmis ramisque demum eleganter purpureo-nigrescentibus 
notabilis. — Arundo Bambos, Thunb. Fl. Jap. (1784), p. 54 pro parte. — 
Bambusa nigra, Lodd. Cat. of Plants, ed. 14, 1826, p. 5. 

Phyllostachys nigra is not specifically distinct from 
P. Henonis, Mitf., P. Castillonis, Mitf., and P. boryana, 
Mitf. They are forms — mainly colour varieties — of a 
species which is very uniform in its flowers and inflo- 
rescences. In this respect it approaches so closely 
P. Faurei, Hack., a native of Japan, that the only 
tangible differences between them are in the singularly 
angular and perfectly solid stems of P. Faurei. It has 
been remarked by Japanese botanists that most of the 
bamboos of Japan flower very rarely, and "flowering 
periods " of thirty or sixty years have been ascribed to 

According to Loudon (Eort. brit. p. 124), this Bamboo 
was introduced into England by C. Loddiges in 1825.* It 
appears in Loddiges' " Catalogue of Plants " for 1826, 
among the stove plants as Bambusa nigra, but nothing is 
said about the origin. Lindley, in " Penny Cyclopedia," 
vol. iii. (1835), p. 357, gives the neighbourhood of Canton 
as its home, adding that the beautiful slender stems are 
cut for the handles of parasols, walking-sticks, &c. It is 

* Euprecht (I.e.) quotes "Bambusa nigra, Loddig., 1823," Munro and 
others following him. I have not seen Loddiges' Catalogue for 1823, which 
was the thirteenth edition, but Loudon (I.e.) has distinctly 1825 as the year of 

January 1st, 1905. 

impossible to trace the introduction of P. nigra into 
England to any definite collector. In 1835, a specimen of 
it was growing in the garden of the London Horti- 
cultural Society, and as it had stood several winters 
unprotected, Lindley suggested that it might be acclima- 
tized in the south-west of England, and on the west 
coast of Ireland; nevertheless, it remained all but un- 
noticed in this country for a long time afterwards. 

Although P. nigra has been in cultivation in France for 
about sixty years, and the flowering of other bamboos has 
generally been recorded in horticultural journals and the 
publications of the Societe d'Acclimation of Paris, I have 
not been able to find a single reference to the flowering 
of P. nigra until quite recently, when it was recorded 
(Gardener's Chronicle, August, 1901, p. 154), as being in 
flower^ in the garden of the Hon. Charles Ellis, Frensham 
Hall, Shottermill, Haslemere. Kew had, however, received 
flowering specimens from the Eoyal Botanic Gardens, 
Orlasnevin, in 1900. In 1902 it flowered with Lord Ventry 
at Burnham House, Dingle, Co. Cork, and the accompanying 
plate was drawn from specimens communicated by him. 

Bescr.—A stoloniferous shrub forming dense bushes of 
numerous culms. Culms under favourable conditions 
over twenty feet high; internodes as much as ten inches 
long, rarely more than one inch in diameter, terete apart 
trom the flattened or shallowly grooved side facing the 
branches, rarely more or less angular, olive-green when 
young turning purple in the second year, ultimately 
purple-black, covered with a white bloom below the 
lower node, fistulous or solid in part; branchlets very 

o2%kl£ ^ i 1 ' rf divlded ' thi <*ened ** the nodes. 
Cataphylls early deciduous, pale purple or violet, oblong 

mnJrZ^ J> the U EP er S labrous > fimbriate at the 
hwS 1 Tf ? 0Bt e r fimbriate > ligdes short, rounded ; 

blaoes linear-subulate. Leaves with tight glabrous sheaths 
bearing more or less deciduous, fimbriae, as much as four 
lines long, at the mouth, with short, truncate ligules ■ 
blades green, lanceolate, acutely acuminate, shortly at- 
tenuated from the rounded base into the short petiole 
two to five inches long, five to seven lines wide, rough 
along both edges, pubescent near the base on the lower 
surface. Panicle copiously divided, usually large, leafy 

or leafless ; spathaceous sheaths at the bases of the 
ultimate ramifications early deciduous, oblong, narrow, six 
to eight lines long. Spikelets usually two-flowered, eight 
to ten lines long ; glume usually one, lanceolate, acute, 
sometimes bearing a small blade, sparsely pubescent, 
about seven-nerved; valves lanceolate, subulate, acumi- 
nate, herbaceously papery, nine-nerved, densely pubescent ; 
palea bidentate, pubescent on the sides, much shorter 
than the valves. Anthers yellow, four lines long. Ovary 
substipitate ; stigmas three, as long as the style. — Otto 

Fig. 1, junction of sheath and blade of a leaf; 2, a spikelet; 3, a palea; 
4, a lodicule ; 5, a young stamen ; 6, a pistil. 


MS.del J.KBtcKlitK 


X. Peeve &_C "London 

Tab. 7995. 
swainsona maccullochiana. 

North-west Australia. 

Legumixosac. Tribe Golvtim. 

Swainsona, Salisb.; JSenth. et Sook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 504; Benth. FY. 
Austral, vol. ii. p. 214; Taubert in Engl. & Prantl. Pflanzevfavi . vol. iv. 3, 
B.p. 281. 

Swainsona macculochiana, F. Muell. Fragm. Phytogr. Austral, vol. vii. 
p. 25; ab omnibus speciebus hactenus cognitis florutn magnitudiue ac 
pulchritndine longe distat. 

Frutex erectus, sparse pubescens, usque ad 8 ped. altuF. Cuulis validus. 
Folia 8-13-juga, rhacbi satis valida ; foliola elliptica vel' obovata, 
mucronata, supra glabriuscula, subtus puberula; stipuke oblique 
deltoidea?, integral vel dentatie. Sacemus mnltiflorus, longiuscule 
pedunculate, braeteis subulato-setaceis ; pedicelli 2 lin. longi, apice 
bracteolati. Oalycis denies setaceo-acuminati, tubo pattllo breviores, 
postici deltoideij laterales semilanceolati, auticus anguste triangularis. 
Corolla rubro-purpnrea ; vexillum ovato-orbiculare, emarginatum, infra 
medium reflexum, carinam leviter curvatam obtusam paullo auperans ; 
ala? carina vix breviores, oblongae, rotundatse, basi auriculatne, ungue 
curvato. Ovarium, longiuscule stipitatum, sericeo-pubescena ; stylus 
pilorum fasciculo terminali carens. Legumen breviter stipitatum, sutura 
ventrali intrusa biloculare, molliter pubescens, stylo incurvo persistente 
coronatum : semina rugosn. 

Tlie small tribe Colutese contains seven or eight rather 
closely allied genera, three of which, Lessertia, Spksero* 
plujsa, and Swainsona might well be united. Sphserophysa 
scarcely differs from Swainsona except in the more globose 
pod, and Taubert has accordingly reduced it to the latter 
genus. The separation of the S. African Lessertia from 
Swainsona, which includes about forty Australian species, 
and one from N. Zealand, is hardly more justifiable. 
Swainsona has a more or less two-celled pod by intrusion 
of the ventral suture, and the style usually bearded along 
the inner side; Lessertia a one-celled pod, and a style 
which usually is not bearded along the inner side; but 
Swainsona. laxa has the style of a Lessertia, and Lessertia 
physodes that of a Swainsona. 

Taubert, though keeping the two genera distinct, admits 
that they will probably be united by some future mono- 

Swainsona procumbens, S. phaeoides, S. oroboides and 

January 1st, 1905. 

other species are reputed valuable fodder plants for sheep 
when mixed with other herbage, but one or two species of 
Swainsona, including 8. galegtfolia, are poisonous to stock, 
and produce symptoms like those caused by the N. 
American "loco" weeds. Several species have become 
well-known greenhouse plants, and the following have 
been figured in this magazine : — S. coronillsefolia (t. 1725), 
8. gveyana (t. 4416), and 8. occidentalis (t. 5490). 

Swainsona maccidlocliiana is by far the finest species 
from a horticultural standpoint. Mueller states that its 
stem is simple in the lower part and that it grows in the 
form of a small tree. It was first introduced into English 
gardens by Messrs. H. Low & Co. of Enfield, who 
exhibited it in flower at the Temple Show in 1901, when 
it was awarded a First Glass Certificate by the Royal 
Horticultural Society. Our plate was prepared from a 
plant which was raised at Kew from seeds sent by Mr. 
G. F. Berthoud, Waroona, West Australia, and flowered 
in July, 1904. 

Descr. — An erect, sparsely pubescent shrub, eight feet 
high or less. Stem stout at the base. Leaves with eight 
to thirteen pairs of leaflets ; leaflets elliptic or obovate, 
mucronate, nearly glabrous above, puberulous below. 
Raceme many-flowered, with subulate-setaceous bracts. 
Pedicels two lines long, with two setaceous bractlets at 
their apex. Calyx-teeth acuminate, rather shorter than the 
tube, the two uppermost deltoid, the lower ones narrower. 
Corolla reddish-purple ; standard ovate-orbicular, emargi- 
nate, reflexed, slightly exceeding the obtuse keel ; wings 
rather shorter than the keel, oblong, rounded, auricled at 
the base. Ovary stipitate, silky-pubescent ; style without 
a terminal tuft of hairs. Pod shortly stipitate, two-celled 
by intrusion of the ventral suture, softly pubescent. Seeds 
wrinkled. — T. A. Sprague. 

k Fig :., 1, / aly ^ ldid open and stamens; 2, standard; 3, wing; 4, keel; 
5, pistil ; 6, pods .— all slightly enlarged. 


U. S . del, J.N.Fitcklith. 

Vmcei 1 tBrooVs,Day-&- Son1, f 

L, Reeve A.C XorLdon 

Tab. 7996. 



Vanilla, Swartz j Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 590. Pfitzw H 
Engl. & Pranil. Pjlanzenfam. vol. ii. 6, p. 108. 

Vanilla (§AphylI») Humblotii, Reichb.f. in (lard. Ohrou. 1885, vol. i.p. 726 ; 
Rotfe in Joitrn. Linn. Soc. vol. xxxii. p 476; Cogn. et Gooss. Diet. Ic. des 
Orch., Vanilla, t. 1; inter species aphvllas labelli disco valde villoso 

Caules alte scandentes, teretes, crasso-carnosi, verrncosi, glaucescentes, 
maculati; internodia 3J-4 poll, longa, 5-6 lin. lata. Squama ovate, 
acuta?, parvas. Bacemi Jaterales, 6 poll, longi, circa 6-flori, rhachi cauli 
similis. Bracteiv ovatc-oblongee, obtusa; v. subacute, 6-10 lin. longa% 
carneo-brunneae. Flares aperti, speciosi, lutei, labelli diecus brunneo- 
maculatus, fauces pilis sanguineis instructa?. Pedicelli 2-2} poll, longi. 
Sepala elliptico-oblonga, subobtusa, 2§-2f poll, longa, 10-11 lin. lata, 
lateralia subfalcata. Petala elliptica," subobtusa, 2|-2f poll, longa, 1^ 
poll. lata. Labellum integrum, apiculaturr, undulatum, 2J-2g poll, 
longum, niarginibus prope basiu convolutis et columnar adnatis ; tubus 
latus, 6-7 lin. longus ; discus pilosus, pilis inferioribus retrorsis, 
superioribus in lineas divergentes extens-is. Columna clavata, arcuata, 
10 lin. longa; rostellum quadratum, 1 lin. longum.— V. P/talpenop.ris, 
Gard. World, 1904, p. 481, non Eeichb. f. 

The only Vanilla hitherto depicted in this Magazine is 
the Vanilla of commerce, V. planifolia, Audr. (t. 7167). 
This species is one of the very few Orchids which arc 
of economic importance. The subject of the present plate 
is a very different species, belonging to the section 
AphylUB, a remarkable group of about a dozen species, 
found in each of the three great tropical areas. The 
African species of this group are four in number, namely : 
V. Boscheri, Reichb. f., from Zanzibar ; V. madagascariensis, 
Rolfe, from Madagascar; V. Phalsenopsis, Reichb. f., from 
Seychelles, and the present one, V. llumhlotii, Reichb. f. 
The last was described by Reichenbach, in 1885, from 
dried specimens collected in the Great Comoro Islands by 
Mr. Lecn Humblot. Nothing further was known about it 
until last June, when a plant supposed to be V. PhaldP/nop- 
*i$, Reichb. f., flowered in the collection of Sir Trevor 
Lawrence, Bait., at Burford, Dorking, and the inflorescence 

January 1st, 1905. 

was sent to Kew for figuring. Sir Trevor's plant was 
sent from Madagascar in June, 1900, by Mr. Hamelin. 
The stem seat was wired on to a teak trellis, which was 
fixed into a large pot filled with sphagnum moss, and 
placed in a hothouse. It soon began to grow vigorously, 
and a year later had reached the top of the trellis, after 
which it was trained horizontally along the roof. When 
it flowered, in June last, it had reached a length of ten 
or twelve feet, and the inflorescence was produced about 
four feet from the top of the stem. 

I \ Phalamopsis, with which T r . Humblotii was confused, 
has dark green, uniformly coloured stems, and smaller 
flowers, which have cream- white sepals and petals, and an 
orange-yellow lip, paler on the margin. It is figured in 
Flore des Sevres, t. 1769-1770. There is a small plant in 
the Kew collection, but it has not yet flowered. 

Descr. — A tall, leafless climber. Stems terete, fleshy, 
glaucous green, covered with numerous dark green warts ; 
internodes three to four inches long, by about six lines 
broad ; stouter at the base. Squamse- ovate, acute, about 
four lines long. Inflorescence lateral, six inches long, 
like the stem in colour and markings, but with fewer 
warts. Bracts oblong, subacute, or obtuse, somewhat 
concave, six to ten lines long. Pedicels about two 
inches long. Floivers about five inches across, bright 
yellow, with numerous brown markings on the lip, and 
some rosy crimson hairs in the throat. Sepals elliptic- 
oblong, sub-apiculate, two and a half to three inches long, 
ten to eleven lines broad; lateral somewhat falcate. 
Petals similar, but broader. Lip entire, apiculate, undu- 
late, about two inches and a half long, convolute at the 
base, and adnate to the sides of the column, forming a 
broad tube, about half an inch long ; disc pilose, rosy 
crimson, lower hairs retrorse, extending upwards in two 
broad lines, with, on either side, a number of short, 
radiating brown lines. Column clavate, slightly arcuate, 
ten lines long; rostellum quadrate, one line long. — 
R. A. Rolpe. 

Fig. 1, column; 2 and o, anther case seen from front and back :— all 


M. S.daL JN.Vitdi IrfK. 

JLTteevn &-C° Loaicm.. 

lucent Brooks, Day &Scm. Lt^Imp 

Tab. 7997. 
yucca guatemalensis. 

Central America. 

Liliace*. Tribe Dkacane*. 

Yucca, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 778 ; Baker in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 219 ; et in Gard. Chron. 1870, passim. 

Y. (§ Sarcoynrca) guatemalensis, Baker in Bef. Bot. vol. v. t. 313 ; Engel- 
mann, Coll. Bot. Works, p. 289; Trelease, Missouri Bot. Gard. Ann. 
Rep. 1893, p. 184, tt. 1, 2, 19, inter species hujus sectioniij foliia minute 
denticulatis non filiferis diattocta. 

Arbor circiter 40-pedalis. Truncus ad terram circiter 6 ped. ambitu, aursum 
gradatim angnstatus, ad pedem supra solum 5 ped. ad 6 pedes supra 
solum 2 ped. ambitu, prope apicem tantum dense pauciramosus. Folia 
conferta, din persistentia, maxima circiter 4-pedalia, basi Bemiamplexi- 
caulia, 5 poll, lata, paullo supra basin 3 poll, lata, 6 poll, supra basin 2\ 
poll, lata, 2£ ped. supra basin 4 poll, lata, paullo supra iasertionem 
ahrupte recurva, alte concavo-convexa, margine per totam longitudinem 
minute dentata, apice vix pungentia. Paniculse dense ramosse, fere 
sessiles, 3-4 ped. longse ; bracteae qnam pedicelli breviores ; pedicelli 1-2 
poll, lona^i, graciliusculi. Flores albi vel pallide lnteo-viride*, circiter 
3-poll. diarnetro. Perianthium compannlatum ; segmenta lanceolata, 3 
• xteriora paullo augustiora, lf-2 poll, longa, omnia obtusa, apice inflexa. 
Stamina quam pistillum breviora ; filamenta clavata. puberula vel minute 
papillosa. Ovarium glabrnm : styii brevissimi. Fructus baecatus mihi 
ignotus. — Y. Boezlii, et Y. Ghiesbreghtii, Hort., Dracaena Ekrenbergii, 
D. Lennei, D. yucroides, et D. ensifolia, Hort., fide Baker in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. Bot. vol. xviii. p. 222. 

The above description is entirely drawn up from the 
specimen figured, which has been growing in the Temperate 
House, Kew, at least twenty-five years, and is now tbe 
largest of which the dimensions are on record. It is 
probably the same one that is figured in the " Refugium 
Botanicum," and, if so, it was previously in the Succulent 
House. This species is one of the handsomest of the 
genus, but it is not quite hardy. The date of its introduc- 
tion into this country is uncertain, yet it must have been 
long before 1873, when it was first figured, and then also 
from a plant that flowered at Kew. At that time it had a 
trunk from five to six feet high. 

Dr. W. Trelease, Director of the Missouri Botanic 
Garden, who has more fully than any other botanist 
described and illustrated the genus Yucca and its allies, 
identifies Y. guatemalensis, Baker, with a plant included by 
Kegel (Gartenfl. vol. viii. 1859, p. 35) under Y. aloifolia. 

Februahi 1st, l'Ji>b. 

Kegel casually mentions that it was also known in gardens 
under the name of Y. elephant ipes, on account of the stern 
being thickened at the base. Consequent on this identifica- 
tion, Trelease (Missouri Bot. Gard. Ann. Rep. 1902, p. 94, 
tt. 51, 82, & 84, f. 7) adopts the last name for the species, 
a course which we do not feel justified in following. He 
may be right, but even if he is, it seems imdesirable to 
take up a name that has no more claim than some of the 
other synonyms cited above. As to the swollen base of 
the stem, that may be an inconstant character. The 
figure in the " Refugium Botanicum " represents a perfectly 
cylindrical stem, and the tree here described has a taperino- 
stem, without any bulging at the base. On the other 
hand, & Yucca growing in the Cambridge Botanic Garden 
figured in the V Gardeners' Chronicle " (series 3, vol. xxiii. 
189o, p. 524, f. 93) as Y. guatemalensis had a stem with 
a swollen base. At our request, Mr. Lynch has sent m a 
leat ot the Cambridge plant, which has all the charac- 
teristics of Y. guatemalensis. 

Descr.—A tree about forty feet high. Trunk not 
swollen at the base, about six feet in girth close to the 
ground; about five feet at one foot from the ground, and 
about two feet at six feet from the ground, densely 
branched at the very top only. Leaves crowded, per- 
sistent long after Withering, largest about four feet long, 
stem-clasping base five inches broad, narrowed imme- 
diately above the attachment, two inches and a quarter 

C2. Vf m f eS fr ° m the base > about- four inches 
broad at two feet and a quarter from the base, 

thtof^rrr " 0011 ^' margin Ver ^ <*scurely toothed 
1 Z J ° \ P l Carcdy Bpin y ; Famde densely branched, 
thar TZ S1 V h r e ^ f ° Ur feet W; tracts shorter 
with vii V^ceh- Flowers white, or slightly tinged 

S' te i se g^«ts lanceolate, about two inches long, 

Jhelnnpr 5 ^ ;° Uter somewb ^ narrower than 
clubsWa Stam « ns * ho ^ than the pistil; filaments 
"hort £w P Ub t rul0us ' Ova* glabrous; style very 
Hemslei a *' n0t Seen h ? us.-W. BOTTli 

Fig . 1, portion of the edge of Wf- 9 *~A « , 

4, -hole plant : about one-fftltkof ^ n Jural ^ ^ '*""*" ^^ 


M. S. Asl, J.N.Htah.UtK 

VSneont Broo^sjjsv-i SoaX,i*BtU' 

I.. Reeve & C 

Tab. 7998.. 


Lilia.ce.*. Tribe Tulipe.*. 

TpIiIPa, Linn. ; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 818 ; Bal-er in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 275. 

Tulipa linifolia, Regel in Acta Horti Petrop. vol. viii. p. 648, t. 5, ff. 1 et 2; 
Gartenfl. 1886, p. 622, t. 1235; species ex affinitate T. montance, Lindl., 
perianthii segmentis sequalibus apice non attenuatis differt. 

Bulbus ovoideus, 6-9 lin. diam., extus nigrescens, tunicis apice intus hirsuto- 
barbatis. Caulis tenuis, 2-10 poll, altus, plus minusve flexuosus. Folia 
circa 6, ad medium caulis affixa, primum congesta, demum sparsa, 
linenria vel infima lineari-lanceolata, flores demum superaotia, glabra 
vel sparse ciliata, 3-5 poll, longa, 2-4 lin. lata. Pedunculus glaber, 
vminorus. Perianthii segmenta inter se sequalia, obovata vel ovato- 
lanceolata, subito breviterque acuminata, coccinea, basi macula atro- 
pnrpurea ornata. Stamina perianthio dimidiobreviora; filamenta e basi 
dilatata linearia, glabra ; anfcheraa oblongse, purpureas, filamentis paullo 
breviores. Ovarium oblongutn, trigonum ; stylus brevis, conicus ; stigma 
capita'um, ovario paullo latius. Capsula ovoidea, trigona, stylo per- 
sihtenti apiculata. 

This is one of the species of Tulipa from Turkestan 
alluded to under t. 7991. It was discovered by Albert 
Kegel at Darwas, in Eastern Bokhara, at from 3,000 to 
0,000 ft. elevation, and has for the past twelve years been 
in cultivation at Kew, where it flowers annually in May, 
our figure being made last spring. The bulbs were pro- 
bably originally received from the late Dr. E. Kegel, 
Director of the Botanic Gardens, St. Petersburg. A com- 
parison of the wild with the cultivated specimen shows 
that while the latter remains dwarf, its stem has increased 
in thickness and the leaves in width. In the wild state 
the stem is almost more slender than in any other species 
of the genus, and more or less flexuous. The leaves are 
usually borne above the middle of the stem. The dwarf 
habit and brilliant crimson flowers render this plant 
attractive for cultural purposes. 

T. linif cilia cannot be placed in any of the sections of 

the genus proposed in Mr. Baker's monograph in the 

Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. xiv. (1875) p. 276, 

but is intermediate between the Eriobulbi and Sylvestres. 

Feu ru ary 1st, 1905. 

Its nearest ally is T. Maximowiczii, Regel (Gartenflora, 
1889, p. 505, t. 1307, fig. 1), also a native of Eastern 
Bokhara, which has narrow leaves, but can be readily 
distinguished by its acuminate perianth-segments, the 
outer being much broader than the inner. 

Deser. — A dwarf plant. Bulb ovoid, six to nine lines in 
diameter, tunics blackish outside, bearded inside at the 
apex with brownish hairs. Stem slender, two to ten 
inches high, more or less flexuous. Leaves about six near 
the middle of the stem, at first close together, finally 
separated by the lengthening of the internodes, linear, 
or the lowest linear-lanceolate, overtopping the flowers, 
glabrous or sparingly ciliate, three to five inches long, two 
to four lines broad. Peduncle glabrous, one-flowered. 
Perianth-segments uniform, obovate or ovate-lanceolate, 
abruptly and shortly acuminate, crimson, with a black- 
purple spot inside the base. Stamens about half as long 
as the perianth, purple ; filaments linear from a dilated 
base, glabrous; anthers oblong, rather shorter than the 
filaments. Ovary oblong, trigonous ; style short, conical ; 
stigma capitate, a little wider than the ovary. Capsule 
ovoid, trigonous, beaked by the persistent style. — C. H. 

Tigs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, pistil : all enlarged. 


K. S. dal J.N.KtcMtfh. 

\£nc«ntBroolci Laf SLSorvLrfBiip 

LRaeve flc C °Xaru3c[n. 

Tab. 7999. 
ANGELONIA integebkima. 

Brazil and Paraguay. 

Scrophulariace^s. Tribe Hemimeride m. 
Angelonia, Humb. et Bovpl.; Benfh. et Rook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 930. 

Angelonia (§ Cra3sifoliae) integerrima, Spreng. Syst. vol. iv. Cur. Post. 
p. 235; Cham, et Schlecht. in Linnsea, vol. ii. p. 592; Schmidt in Mart. 
Fl. Bras. vol. viii. pars 1, p. 243, t. 39, fig. 1 ; inter species hujns 
sectionis plauta glaberrima foliis integerrimis vel obscure paucidentatis 

Herba vel suffrutex l|-3 ped. altus, glaberrimus. Caules erecti, stricti, 
robusti, simplices vel parce ramosi, plus minus ve conspicue qnadrangu- 
lares ; internodia 1-2 poll, longa. Folia opposita et decussata, sul.- 
oppositavelsubverticillata, sessilia vel rarius brevissime petiolata, paulum 
coriacea, lanceolata vel oblongo-lanceolata, l|-4 poll, longa, 4-9 lin. lata 
acuta vel obtnsiuscnla, basi angustata, iutegerrima, marline l'eviter 
revolnta, vel obscure paucidentata, supra costa impressa infra elevata 
Baremi terminates, 4-6 poll, rare usque ad 9 poll, longi, laxiusculi, 
bracteati, floribus nutantibus; pedicelli solitarii, geminati vel interdum 
fasciculati, graciles, ascendentes, 3^-6 lin. longi, soepebracteas superantes 
Calyx 5-partitus ; segmenta ovata, l£-2 lin. longa, 1} lin. lata, acuta, mar- 
gine mernbranacea, obsolete ciliolata. Corolla ampla, 7-8 lin. in diam., 
pallide caerulea vel lilacina, purpureo-maculata, antice saccata, eacco lato 
breviter 2-lobato ; limbi lobi patentes, breves, rotundati, faucis' appendice 
breviter obtusa lateraliter compressa. Stamina 4, didynama, inclusa- 
filamenta crassiuscula, minule glanduloso-pubescentia ; antherarum 
liberarum loculi divaricati. Stylus inclusus, leviter cnrvatus, minute 
glanduloso-pubescens, sursum attenuatus, inconspicue bifidus. ' Capsula 
ovoidea, 6-8 Hn. longa, ba*i 4-4J lin. lata, acuta, profunde 2-valvata. 
bemina numerosa, parva, obovoidea, tegumento laxe reticulato. 

Angelonia comprises twenty-six species, nearly all of 
which are Brazilian. A. angustifolia, Benth., is found in 
Mexico, Costa Rica, Jamaica, and Cuba, and A. saliearise- 
folia, Humb. et Bonpl., inhabits Venezuela, Colombia, 
British Guiana, and some of the West Indian islands, 
while A. hassleriana, Chodat, is at present known only 
from Paraguay. A. iutegerrima has been collected by 
several travellers in the States of Sao Paulo and Rio 
Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil, and by Balansa and 
Hassler in Paraguay. 

Several species of Angelonia, mostly pretty, free-flower- 
ing herbs or undershrubs, have appeared from time to 
time in European gardens, apparently, in most cases, to 
disappear again very quickly. Three have been figured 
in this magazine : A. salicarisefolia (t. 2478), A. Gardneri 
February 1st, 1905. 

(t. 3754), and A. cornigera (t. 3848), each of which is 
easily distinguished from A. integerrima by being pubes- 
cent, and by having more or less distinctly toothed leaves. 
Perhaps the finest species of all, judging from dried 
specimens, is A. tomentosa, Moric, a densely pubescent 
plant having large flowers in racemes nearly a foot long. 
Jt does not appear to be common, as the Kew Herbarium 
contains only two specimens. Its cultivation has evidently 
never been attempted. 

The plant which furnished the specimen here figured 
was purchased from a continental nursery in 1903, and it 
flowered during the autumn in a greenhouse. 

Descr. — Herb or undershrub one and a half to three 
feet high, glabrous. Stems erect, straight, robust, simple, 
or sparingly branched, more or less conspicuously quad- 
rangular ; internodes one to two inches long. Leaves 
opposite and decussate, subopposite or subverticillate, 
sessile or very shortly stalked, leathery, lanceolate, or 
oblong-lanceolate, one and a half to four inches long, four 
to nine lines broad, scarcely acute, narrowed towards the 
base, entire or obscurely few-toothed, margin re volute, at 
least when dry, midrib impressed above, elevated below. 
Racemes terminal, four to six inches, rarely up to nine 
inches long, rather lax, bracteate. Flowers nodding ; 
pedicels solitary, geminate, or sometimes fascicled, slender, 
three and a half to six lines long. Calyx five-partite ; 
segments ovate, one and a half to two lines long, about 
one line and a quarter broad, acute, membranous on the 
margin, obscurely ciliolate. Corolla about seven lines across, 
pale mauve or lilac, spotted with purple, broadly saccate in 
front ; lobes of the limb short, rounded, spreading; appen- 
dage of the throat short, obtuse, laterally compressed. 
Stamens four, included ; filaments rather thick, minutely 
glandular-pubescent ; anthers free ; cells divaricate. Style 
included, slightly curved, minutely glandular-pubescent, 
narrowed above. Capsule ovoid, six to eight lines long, 
four to four and a half lines broad at the base, acute, 
deeply two-valved. Seeds numerous, small, obovoid ; 
integument loosely reticulate. — S. A. Skan. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil after the fall of the corolla ; 2, vertical section of 
the corolla showing the position of the stamens; 3, part of lower lip of the 
corolla showing appendage and sac; 4, stamens; 5, pistil, the calyx removed, 
showing disk : — all enlarged. 


■ ■'.J.'HFitchhth 

\incsnt Breaks f Day-&.Sonit? l Ijr5i 

I. Reeve &.C? London. 

Tab. 8000. 
BULBOPHYLLUM cbexulatum. 


OrchidacejE. Tribe Epidendre*. 

Bulbopiiylluji, Thouars; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 501; 
Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl Pflanzenf. v ol. ii. 6, p. 178. 

B. crenulatum, Bulfe (sp. nov.) ; inter species madagascarienses inflores- 
cemiis clavatis sepalis lateralibus crenulatis et ovario hexaptero alis 
serrulatis distincta. 

Herba epipbytica rhizomate valido lignoso. Pseudobulbi late oblongi, tetra- 
goni, diphylli, 1£-1£ poll, longi, 1 poll. lati. Folia elliptico-oblonga, 
obtusa, subsessilia, 2-3 poll longa, 9 lin. lata, coriacea. Scapi suberecti, 
crassiusculi, 5—6 poll, longi, vaginis ovato-oblongis apiculatis basi tubu- 
losis vestiti; racemi pendali, 2 poll, longi, denxiflori ; rhachis ciavata, 
crassinscula, sordide purpurea. Bracteee transverse oblongae, obtusse, 
1 lin. lonsaa, purpurea?. Flores 2 lin. longi. Ovarium, latum, bexangulum, 
alis serrulatis. Sepalum posticura ovatum, obtusum, trinervium ; lateralia 
in corpus latum rotundum bilubum margine crenulatum connata, flava, 
rubro-venosa. Pctala lineari-oblonga, obtusa, 1-nervia. Labellwm in 
cavo sepalorum lateralium inclusum, ovatum, obtusum, carnosum, mar- 
gine paullo recurvum ; discus callo obscure quinquelobo inatructus. 
Columna latissima, alis tridenticulatis, pede basi lato sursum attenuate 

Bulbophyllum is a large and remarkably polymorphic 
genus, extending throughout the tropics where the climatic 
conditions are favourable. No less than eighteen species 
have been figured in the present work, the remarkable 
B. Weddelii, Reich b. f., a native of Brazil, as recently as 
last June (t. 7958), when some particulars of the characters 
and geographical distribution of the genus were given. 
The present species is a very different plant, a native of 
Madagascar, whence it was sent to the late Hermann 
Wendland, of Herrenhausen, Hanover, by the unfortunate 
Johannes Braun, who died at Antananarivo some years 
ago. It is one of a number of species discovered by him. 
The plant figured flowered in the Royal Botanic Garden, 
Glasnevin, in January, 1904, and Mr. F. W. Moore, A.L.S., 
furnished particulars of its origin. 

Its exact affinity is somewhat doubtful. In general 
appearance it resembles the species of the B. clavatum 
group, which as at present understood is represented in 
the Mascarene islands, the Philippines, and Tropical 

February 1st, 1905. 

America, but the inflorescence and flowers are more like 
those of the Indian B. cylindraceum, Lindl., in which the 
bulbs are practically absent, monophyllous, and the leaves 
long petioled. In such a diversified genus it is not always 
certain which set of resemblances best represent genetic 
affinities. In any case B. crenulatum has one near ally, 
namely, B. robustum, Eolfe, based on materials collected 
in Madagascar by the Rev. R. Baron, F.L.S. (nn. 2324, 
2723), which is quite similar in habit and floral structure, 
but is more robust, has narrower lateral sepals, and the 
ovary is without the very characteristic serrulate wings of 
the present one. 

Descr. — An epiphyte with stout, woody rhizomes. Bulbs 
broadly oblong, quadrangular, two-leaved, about an inch 
and a half long, an inch broad. Leaves elliptical-oblong, 
obtuse, subsessile, two to three inches long, nine lines 
broad, coriaceous. Scapes suberect, stoutish, five to six 
inches high, clothed with about six ovate-oblong apiculate 
sheaths four to six lines long, and tubular at the base ; 
raceme drooping, two inches long, with a thickened, clavate 
rhachis, dense-flowered, dull purple. Bracts transversely 
oblong, obtuse, one line long, purple. Flowers two lines 
long. Ovary stout, with six serrulate angles or narrow 
wings. Dorsal sepal ovate, obtuse, three-nerved ; lateral 
pair united into a broadly rounded, bilobed, fleshy organ, 
with serrulate margin, colour yellow, with reddish nerves. 
Petals linear-oblong, obtuse, one-nerved. Lip sunk into a 
cavity formed by the lateral sepals, ovate, obtuse, very 
fleshy, with a somewhat recurved margin and an irregular 
obscurely five-lobed callus on the disc. Column very 
short and broad, with a pair of broad tridenticulate 
teeth ; foot short and broad, with a narrow attachment to 
the limb. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, bract; 2, flower; 3, the same with the sepals removed; 4, lip; 
», column showing the teeth and foot; 6, anther case ; 7, pollinia :— all much 


JtS- del, J.NEteWitK 

^Sncent Brooks # Day 4-Son Lt d ]jnp 

Xi J^evB &. C° London. 

Tab. 8001. 

gntdta polystachya. 

South Africa. 

TuyTtfELjEACE*. Tribe EuthymeljEE^. 

Gnidia, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 197 ; Engl. & 
Prantl. Pflanzenf. vol. iii. 6, A. p. 226. 

Gnidia polystachya, Berg. Descr. PI. Cap. Bon. Spei, p. 123 (1767) ; Thunb. 
Fl. Gap. ed Schnltes, p. 380; ex affinitate G. pinifolipe, Linn., a qua foliia 
floribusque brevioribus et petalia 8 glabris differt. 

Frutex l-4-pedalis, ramis adpresse pubescentibus. Folia saepe conferta, 
interdum sparsa, patentia vel subimbricatu, 1^-6 lin. longa, ^-f lin. lata, 
linearia, acuta vel subobtusa, dorso carinata, glabra. F/ores terminates, 
capitati, foliis sublatioribus involncrati. Calyx, iiavus, extra interdum 
ruber, tenuiter pubescens ; tubus 4-6 lin. longas, superne leviter infundi- 
btiliformis ; lobi l-l£ lin. longi, f-1 lin. latl, ovati vel elliptico-oblongi, 
obtnsi vel subacuti. Petala 8, ori tubi inserta, |-| lin. longa, oblonga 
vel lineari-oblonga, apice obtusa, emarginata, breviter bifida vel oblique 
dentata, glabra, alba. Stamina 8, biseriata; filamenta brevissima; 
anthevaa lineari-oblongas, 4 superiores exseriae, 4 inferiores inclusae. 
Ovarium oblongum, apice pilosum ; stylus oblique terminalis, filiformis, 
glaber, inclnsus ; stigma capitatum, piliferum. — Gnidia carinata, Thunb. 
Prodr. p. 76 (1794) ; Meisner in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 588; G. pinifoHa, 
Wendl. Beobacht. p. 15, t 2, f. 11, non Linn. G. simplex, Andr. Bol. 
Hep. vol. i. t. 70. G. imberbis, Dryand. in Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. ii. 
(1811) p. 412 ; Bot. Mag. t. 1463 ; Lodd. Bot. Cat. t. 1958. 

A figure of* this pretty shrub was long ago published at 
t. 1463 of the Botanical Magazine, under the name of 
G. imberbis, but the form there depicted is so unlike the 
present one in habit, that it might be doubted if the two 
plates represented the same species. Upon examining the 
Kew material, however, I can find no specific distinction 
between them, the apparent difference being in habit only, 
due to variations in the mode of branching, of which I 
find three principal modifications : 1, with rather long, 
simple flowering branchlets ; 2, shorter flowering branch- 
lets arranged in a corymbose manner, which appears to 
be the most common form of the plant ; 3, the form here 
figured, with short flowering branchlets racemosely 
arranged, on much elongated growths. 

The last is very ornamental. Mr. Lynch writes that it 
is a very free-growing, densely branched shrub, five to 
February 1st, 1905. 

six feet high, and two feet six inches through. In habit 
it is light and graceful, and it bears hard pruning without 
detriment to its appearance when it has made fresh 
growth. It succeeds very well in a cool greenhouse, 
growing in the usual mixture of half each of peat and loam 
with some sand. 

Like many others of the family to ' which it be ongs, 
G. polystachya is remarkably heterostyled, since I find no 
fewer than three different lengths of style, accompanied 
by relative differences in the length of the permanent and 
deciduous parts of the calyx-tube, but apparently without 
a corresponding difference in the position of the anthers ; 
nor do these sexual modifications appear to correspond to 
the different kinds of habit, which latter are perhaps local 
or individual modifications of the plant, which is found 
distributed along the coast region of South Africa from 
Caledon Division eastward to Bathurst Division. The 
specimen figured is from a plant grown in Cambridge 
Botanic Garden, which was raised from seed obtained 
from Warsaw Botanic Garden, and communicated in 
March, 1904, by Mr. K. I. Lynch, who states that he 
made good use of this plant in the decorations for the 
King and Queen at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 
on the occasion of the opening of the Botanical and other 
Laboratories on March 1st, 1904. The other two forms 
are also in cultivation, but are not so ornamental as that 
here pictured. 

Descr. — A shrub one to four feet high, pubescent on 
the branches with rather long adpressed hairs. Leaves 
alternate, usually crowded, sometimes scattered, spreading 
or ascending, and more or less imbricate, one and a half to 
six liues long, one-third to three-fourths of a line broad, 
linear, acute, or subobtuse, keeled on the back, glabrous. 
Flowers in involucrate heads, terminating the branchlets, 
which in the form figured are short and racemosely 
arranged along the main branches. Involucral bracts like 
the leaves, but usually broader. Calyx yellow, or some- 
times red outside where exposed to the sun, thinly covered 
with long adpressed hairs outside ; tube four to six lines 
long, slightly funnel-shaped at the upper part ; lobes one 
to one and a quarter line long, three-quarters to one line 
broad, ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or subacute. Petals 

eight at the mouth of the calyx-tube, half to two-thirds of 
a line long, oblong or linear-oblong, obtuse, emarginate, 
shortly bifid or obliquely and obtusely toothed at the apex. 
Stamens in two series, with very short filaments ; anthers 
linear-oblong, the four upper exserted, the four lower in- 
cluded. Ovary oblong, with a tuft of hairs at the 
apex; style obliquely terminal, filiform, glabrous, included, 
'but variable in length; stigma capitate, hairy. — N. E. 

Fig. 1, leaf ; 2, involucral bract ; 3, flower ; 4, flower laid open ; 5 and 
6, stamens ; 7, pistil : — all enlarged. 


M. S.dul, J.H .'Fii^kliik. 

X "Rb«vb *. C ? London . 

Vincent Brodte Day-&.Sani£Im£ 

Tap,. 8002. 



Papavebace.*. Tribe Roiixeye^e. 
Romxeya, Harv. ; Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 74, t. 3. 

JRomneya trichocalyx, Eistio. in Proc. Calif. Acad. Sc 3rd series, vol. i. 
p. 133, t. 11, f. 4; G. Nicholson in Gard. Ghron. 1902, vol. ii. p. 190; W. H. 
I.e. 1904, vol. ii. p. 163; a C. Goulteri, Harv. differt imprimis calyce 
dense setoso. 

Herha canlibus lignescentibus, a basi ramosa, ramis crassiusculis divaricatis, 
nsque ad 5-ped. alta, undique glauca, passim setulis paucis instructa. 
Folia caulina petiolata, crassa, demum coriacea, pinnatifida, qnara inter- 
nodia longiora, maxima circiter 5 poll, longa, sursum gradatim minora, 
segmentis 7-3 integris vel paucidentaUs apice callosis. Pedunculi ter- 
minales, uniflori, fere ad calycem foliit'eri. Flores albi, maximi plaue 
6 poll, diametro. Sepala 6, fere orbicularia, circiter 8-9 lin. diametro, 
imbricata, setosa. Petala saepius 6, sed numero ac circumscriptione 
variabilia. Stamina numero?issima, biformia, exteriorum filamentis 
longiorilius infra medium purpureis, antberis luteis. Carpella circiter 
10, stylis brevissimis incurvis. Capsula angaste ovoidea, circiter 9 lin. 
longa, densissime setosa, irregnlariter dehiscens. Semina nnmerosissima, 
alba, reniformia, scrobiculata, circiter f lin. lon^a. — It. Goulteri, Parsons, 
Wild Flowers of California, p. 64, enm ic color., non Harv. 

The genus Eomneya was founded on R. Goulteri, Harv., 
and named after the Rev. Dr. T. Roraney Robinson, " the 
Astronomer of Armagh." This, the only other species of 
the genus known, was introduced into this country by 
Messrs. E. G. Henderson & Son, about 1875. The exact 
date of the introduction of R. trichocalyx, Eastvv., into 
cultivation is uncertain, because it was at first confused 
with R. Goulteri. In 1898 Miss A. Eastwood, Curator of 
the Herbarium of the Californian Academy, pointed out 
that two distinct species were under cultivation, and 
defined them in the place cited above. In 1902 Mr. G. 
Nicholson recorded the flowering of R. trichocalyx in the 
garden of Mr. H. 0. Baker, Oaklands, Almondsbury, 
Gloucestershire, and this is apparently the earliest record 
of its cultivation in this country. 

R. Goulteri, as may be imagined from the confusion of 
the two, very strongly resembles the present plant, but 
although introduced so long ago, it has never appeared in 

Ma&cb 1st, 1905. 

this Magazine. From a horticultural standpoint there is 
little to choose between them. Both require a sheltered, 
sunny situation, and their full development depends 
greatlv upon a warm season. On the Continent they 
flourish better than in our insular climate. Nevertheless, 
in a favourable situation G. trichocalyx has succeeded very 
well at Kew. Writing in the " Gardeners' Chronicle "on 
September 3rd, Mr. Hackett states that it had been in 
flower for two months in a recess on the eastern side of 
the Palm House. Its early flowering was due to the pro- 
tection afforded by its sheltered position, and also, in part, 
to its having been covered during the preceding winter. 
Seeds were sent to Kew by Miss Eastwood in November, 
1902. They were sown at once, and the young plants, 
after wintering in a cold frame, were placed in their 
present position in the spring of 1903. Miss Parsons 
says :■ — s< It must be conceded the queen of all our flowers. 
It is not a plant for small gardens, but the fitting adorn- 
ment of a park where it can have space, and light, and 

Descr. — A robust, erect, glaucous herb branching from 
the base, slightly bristly on the petioles and elsewhere. 
Stems about five feet high, thick, becoming woody. Stem- 
leaves petioled, thick, at length leathery, pinnatifid, the 
largest about five inches long, gradually smaller upwards ; 
segments seven to three, entire or sparsely toothed. 
Peduncles terminal, one-flowered, leafy almost up to the 
calyx. Flowers white, the largest fully six inches across. 
Sepals six, nearly orbicular, about eight or nine lines in 
diameter, overlapping, densely clothed with bristles. 
Petals commonly six, but variable in number and outline. 
Stamens very numerous ; filaments purple below the middle ; 
anthers yellow. Capsule of about ten carpels, narrow- 
ovoid, about nine lines long, densely clothed with rigid 
bristles, dehiscing irregularly. Seeds very numerous, small, 
reniform, white, minutely pitted. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, sepal from the outside, overlapped part petaloid ; 2, an outer 
stamen; 3 aud 4, front and back view of an inner stamen; h, pistil -.-—all 



Vincent Broolfs,Dsyi.S(mLtf &5 . 

I^RBeve Sl C°Lon.don- 

Tab. 8003. 


O&chidace*. Tribe Epidendkk,e. 

Dendrobium, So-arfs; Benth* et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 498. 
Pfitzer in Engl. & Pvantl Pflanzenfam. vol. ii. b, p. 173. 

Dendrobium (§ Eudeudrobium) regium, Prain in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 
vol. lxxi. p. 80; Rotfe in Orch. Rec. vol. xii. p. 228 ; aft". D. nobili, Limil., 
sepalia petalisque concoloribus labello UDguiculato limbo suborbiculato 
fauce luteo nee purpurato distincta. 

Herba epipbytica, dense csespitosa, 6-12 poll. alta. Caules cylindrici, nodis 
paullo incrassatis; internoHa 1-1 j poll, longa. Folia lanceolato-oblonga, 
obtusa, 2-4 poll, longa, 9-10 lin. lata; vaginas tubulosas, albido-venosae. 
Racemi axillares, breves, 2-3-flori. Flores speciosi, pallide roseo-purpurei, 
rubro-purpureo-venosi, labelli disco pallide luteo. Bractepe late ovato- 
oblongae, obtusaa, conduplicata?, membranaceaj, 3 lin. longse. Pedicelli 
graciles, circa 1^ poll, longi. Sepala oblonga, obtnsa ; posticum 
1^ poll, longum; lateralia panllo breviora, subfalcata. Petala ovata, 
obtusa, 1J poll, longa. Labellum basi ungniculatum ; limbus *uborbi- 
cularis, circa 1 poll, longus, basi convolutus ; discus puberulus. Column a 
lata, circa 3 lin. longa. Mentum saccatum, ubtusum, circa 4 poll, 

The Indian species of Dendrobium are among the best- 
known of this large and polymorphic genus, more espe- 
cially the section Eudendrobium, which contains most of 
the species so popular in gardens, and at the present time 
it is rare to find any novelty of this section. The present 
species is one of the exceptions, and one of the most 
remarkable that has appeared for a long time. It was 
discovered in a locality somewhat vaguely indicated as 
Lower Hindustan, and it flowered in the Royal Botanic 
Garden, Calcutta, in 1901, and was shortly afterwards de- 
scribed by Lieut. -Col. Prain. A plant sent to Kew flowered 
in July last. D. regium is more deciduous than I). nobile, 
and the period of flowering much later. In habit, however, 
the two species are remarkably alike, so much so that, 
apart from the rather more prominent veins of the leaf- 
sheaths in D. regium, it is difficult to distinguish them 
when out of flower. 

D. regium grows well under the same conditions as the 
other deciduous Deudrobia, but, unlike them, does not 
March 1st, 190o. 

flower immediately after the resting period, and hence 
may require somewhat different cultural treatment at this 

Descr. — A densely tufted epiphyte, six to twelve inches 
high. Stems cylindrical, slightly swollen at the nodes ; 
internodes rather over an inch long. Leaves lanceolate- 
oblong, obtuse, two to four inches long, about nine lines 
broad, bright green ; sheaths rather shorter than the inter- 
nodes, with prominent white veins. Racemes axillary, 
short, two- or three-flowered. Bracts broadly ovate- 
oblong, obtuse, conduplicate, about three lines long, mem- 
branous. Pedicels slender, about an inch and a quarter 
long. Sepals oblong, obtuse ; dorsal an inch and a half 
long; lateral pair rather shorter and somewhat falcate, 
light purple-rose, veins somewhat darker. Petals ovate, 
obtuse, as long as the dorsal sepal, and similar in 
colour. Lip clawed at the base, then expanded into a 
nearly orbicular limb, over an inch broad, convolute at 
the base ; disc puberulous, light purple-rose, veins rather 
darker, and the throat clear yellow, surrounded by a 
narrow cream-white zone. Column stout, nearly three 
lines long, its foot united with the base of the lateral 
sepals, forming a broad, obtuse, saccate chin, over four 
lines long; anther-case puberulous. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, column with its foot; 2 and 3, anther-case seen from front and 
Bide ; 4, pollinia : — all enlarged. 



Vincent BrodksPajr&SonL*^ 

L. Reeve Sl C° L oruion. 

Tab. 8004. 
ROSA Hugonis 

Western China. 

Eosace.k. Tribe Rosea. 
Rosa, Linn. ; Benih. et Ilook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 625. 

Rosa (§ Pimpinellifolise) Hugonis, Hemsl. (sp. nov.); a speciebus hujas 
sectionis omnibus habitu, spinis et foliorum forma differt. 

Frutex erectus, aatate quinque annorum 4-5 ped. altus. Caules recti, graciles, 
basi vix setnipoll. diametro, glabri, armati, sed non modo B.platycwanthse 
et R. Ecsx, spinosissimi, crebre lenticellati ramique brunueo-purpurei, 
nitidi, fere sequaliter circum-ramosi, ramis gracilibus arcuato-adscenden- 
tibus, ramulis ultimis gracillimis. Aculei heteromorphi, in ramis sterilibus 
cum setis interjecti, recti, maximi baai latiuscule dilatati, aed plerumque 
tennes. Folia in. ramis floriferis fasciculata, pertenuia, 2-4 poll, longa, 
petiolo rbachique riliformi, citissimo glabrescentia, eglandulosa; stipula? 
angustse, parte libera parva squamiformi ; foliola 5-11, praster terminale 
longiuscule petiolulatum brevissime petiolulata, ovalia, ovata, oblonga 
vel obovata, apice rotundata, basi saepios cuneata, 3-9 lin. longa, per 
totam fere circumscriptionem minute serrata. Pedunculi solitarii, quam 
folia breviores vel paullo longiores. Flores lutei, circiter 2\ poll, diametro. 
Calyx extus glaber, hevis; lobi lineari-lanceolati, circiter 6 lin. longi, 
integri, acutissimi, intus tomentosi. Petala orbiculari-obovata, apice 
rotundata vel emarginata. Carpella circiter 12, villosa, stylis parce 
pilosis liberis, stigmatibus breviter exsertis crenulatis. Fructus maturus 

This elegant, yellow Rose was raised at Kew from 
seeds received, with others, from the Keeper of the 
Botanical Department of the British Museum, in 1899. 
They were collected by Father Hugh (otherwise Pater 
Hugo) Scallan, a Catholic missionary, in Western China, 
probably in the Province of Shensi or Szechuen. It is 
apparently quite hardy at Kew, flowering freely in the 
open air. 

Exception may, perhaps, be taken to its being treated 
as a distinct species ; but as it certainly deserves a dis- 
tinctive name, it seems better to give it one, without 
tacking it on to any other. The late Prof. Crepin would 
probably have referred it to " R. xanthina, Lindl.," with 
which he associated It. platyacantha, Schrenk, and B. 
Ecse, Aitch. Although Sir Joseph Hooker (B. M. t. 7666), 
and the late Mr. Franchet (Nouv. Arch, du Mus. Par, 
serie 2, vol. v. p. 269, t. 15, f. 2) have followed Crepin, 
March 1st, 1905. 

I am unwilling to add another distinct form or variety or 
race to an already confusing combination. To begin 
with, R. xanthina, Lindl., was founded upon a figure in 
Lambert's collection, which has apparently not been seen 
by any subsequent writer on the subject. All Lindley 
says is : "A Rose with all the appearance of It. spinosis- 
sima, except having no setae and double flowers the colour 
of R. sulphured." On the other hand, R. platyacanthd and 
R. Ecse are very different from each other ; they have 
been fully described, and they are represented in many 
herbaria by authentic specimens. Under cultivation 
R. Hugonis flowers much more freely than R. Ecse, and 
should have a future. 

Father Hugh sent no dried specimen of this Rose, and 
the nearest wild specimen I can find, either at Kew or the 
British Museum, is from the Hi district, in Chinese 
Turkestan, and is named " R. pimpinellifolia flore luteo ;" 
but that has a setulose calyx-tube. 

Bescr. — An erect shrub, four to five feet high at five 
years of age. Stems straight, slender, branching almost 
regularly on all sides, purple-brown and shining, moderately 
spiny and lenticelled; ultimate lateral branchlets very 
slender, curved upwards, brighter coloured. Prickles 
various, interspersed with bristles on the sterile branches, 
straight, the largest dilated at the base, mostly slender. 
Leaves thin, glabrous, two to four inches long, petiole and 
rhachis almost thread-like ; stipules very narrow, free part 
scale-like ; leaflets five to eleven, almost sessile, oval to 
oblong or obovate, three to nine lines long, rounded at 
the tip, wedge-shaped at the base, minutely toothed except 
near the base, t lower-stalks solitary, about as long as 
the leaves. Flowers yellow, about two inches and a half 
across. Calyx smooth ; lobes liuear-lanceolate, very acute, 
about half an inch long, entire, tomentose inside. Petals 
orbicular-obovate, rounded or notched . Carpels about 
twelve, very hairy ; styles free, shortly exserted. Fruit 
unknown. — W. Botting Hbmslky. 

Fig. 1, a carpel -.—enlarged. 



-VSncOTt BroaTis^ajr &Son_U d Imf> 

L Reeve &C°LaadaTL. 

Tab. 8005. 

West Indies. 

Bromeliace.e. Tribe Brouelie.e. 

jEcHJTRA, Ruiz & Pav. ; Benfh. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 663: Baker, 
Kandb. Brontel. p. 32; Mez in DC. Morwgr. Phan. vol. is. p. 176. 

iEchmea lavandulacea, C. H. Wright, sp. nov. ; species ab iis sectionis 
Platysechmese panicula disticha, spicis non pedtmculatis, bracteolis ovato- 
oblongis lavandulaceia albo-i'urfuraceis distingnitur. 

Herba acaulis. Folia rosulata, e basi vaginante ligulata, utrinque appresse 
lepHota, circa 18 poll, longa, If poll, lata, spinis approximates tenuibua 
incurvis instructa, marginibus cartilagineis angustis spinisque rubris. 
Panicula disticha, spicis multifloris sessilibus distichis composita; scapa 
circa 14 poll, longa, rosea; bractese scariosge, ovato-oblongaa, superiores 
sensim minores, rosea? ;»bracteolai late ovato-oblongas, acuminatae, virides, 
al bo-fur furacesB, marginibus scariosis latis lavandulaceis, inferiores apice 
aristatae. Se-pala ovato-lanceolata, coriacea, amtata, viridia, pilosa, 6 
lin. longa. Petala oblanceolata, mucronata, atroviolacea, 10 lin. longa, 
li lin. lata prope apicem, squamis albis 2^ lin. longis et plicis lanceolatis 
do abas 4 lin. longis instrocta. Stamina petala subaequantia; antberae 
oblongae, apiculatae, dorsifixae ; filamenta compressa, marginibus byalinis. 
Ovarium pilosnm ; stylus filiformis, ramis brevibus spiraliter contortis. 

This plant was discovered by Mr. W. E. Broadway, 
Curator of the Botanic Garden, Grenada, West Indies, on 
rocks overhanging the sea at St. George, in that island. 
In 1895 he forwarded plants to Kew, where they flowered 
in a stove in July last. The species is very distinct, and 
is characterized by the distichous arrangement of the 
panicle-branches and flowers. The broad lavender-coloured 
margins of the bracteoles, resembling in colour the flowers 
of some species of Static?, candied all over with white 
scurf, harmonize with the deep violet petals, and thus 
avoid that sharp contrast in colour so often found in the 
inflorescence of plants of this order. 

Amongst the species allied to the present, M. pubescent, 
Baker, is distinguished by the leaves being smaller and 
bearing spines, which are recurved, only in the lower part, 
while its bracteoles are shorter, broader, and more abruptly 
acuminate. JE. lingulata, Baker, has the panicle branches 
inserted all round the axis. JE. dichlamydea, Baker, has 
the spikes distichously arranged, but naked in the lower 
three inches. 

March 1st, 1905. 

Mr. J. G. Baker (I.e.) enumerates 128 species of JEchmea, 
but seven years later Dr. Mez {I.e.), after describing 
several new species, and restoring Ganistrum and Ilohen- 
bergia to generic rank, reduces the number to 114. All 
these are natives of Tropical America and the West 

We do not find any figure resembling the present plant 
in the magnificent collection of drawings, now at Kew, 
formerly belonging to the late Prof. Ed. Morren. 

Descr. — A sternless perennial. Leaves rosulate, ligulate 
from a sheathing base, about eighteen inches long and an 
inch and three-quarters wide, minutely lepidote on both 
surfaces ; margins narrow, cartilaginous, red ; spines 
approximate, slender, red, curved upwards. Panicle dis- 
tichous, formed of numerous, sessile, many-flowered, dis- 
tichous spikes ; scape about fourteen inches long, rosy ; 
bracts scarious, ovate-oblong, decreasing in size upwards, 
rosy ; bracteoles broadly ovate-oblong, acuminate (the lower 
aristate), green covered with white scurf, margins broad, 
scarious, lavender-coloured. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, aris- 
tate, coriaceous, green, pilose, six lines long. Petals 
oblanceolate, mucronate, with two lanceolate folds about 
four lines long on the upper surface, deep violet, ten lines 
long, a line and a half wide near the apex, basal scales 
white, two lines and a half long. Stamens about as long 
as the petals ; anthers oblong, apiculate, dorsifixed near 
the middle; filaments compressed, with hyaline margins. 
Ovary pilose; style filiform, branches short, spirally 
twisted. — C. H. Wiught. 

Fiar. I, flower; 2, petal and stamen; 3, anther; 4, style-arms; 5, sketch of 
the whole plant :— 1-4 enlarged, 5 much reduced. 


MS.afiUJtEtdiiih . 


Lfieeve ScC° London. 

Tab. 8006. 


Solanaoe*. Tribe Cestrinejs. 

Nicotfana, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 906 ; Gomes, 
Monogra/phie du Genre Nicotiana. 

Nicotiana forgetiana, Sort. Sand. Verulamii ; species sectionis Petunioides, 
G. Don, et ex affiniiate iV*. bonariensis, Lehm., a qua foliis superioribua 
lineari-lanceolatis, nee repaudis, calycis lobis valde inaequalibua et corollas 
lobis medio costatis differt. 

Serba annua, 2-3-pedalis, a basi ramosa. Folia papyracea, pubescentia, 
radicalia oblongo-lanceolata, maxima circiter pedalia, obtusa, deorsum in 
petiolum alatum attenuata, leviter undulata; caulina similia sed minora 
et ovata, petiolis decurrentibus. Paniculee amplte, laxe ramosse, vamia 
graciliimis glanduloso-pubescentibus ; bractere inferiores foliaceae, an- 
gustse, acutaa, suraum gradatirn minores, superiores minutae. Pedicelli 
filiformes, quam florea breviores. Calyx hispidulus, circiter semipollicaria, 
inaequaliter 5-dentatus, dentibns fere setiformibus longioribua tubum 
excedentibus. Corolla anguste infundibuliformis vel fere hypocrateri- 
formis, circiter \\ poll, longa, parcissime pilosula, tubo prope basin 
attenuato; limbus patens, circiter 1 poll, diametro ; segmentasubaequalia, 
deltoidea, venosa, costata, obtusiuscula. Stamina inclusa ; filamenta 
basi corollse adnata, hirsuta, parte libera riliformi basi geniculata, glabra. 
Pist ilium glabrum, stylo incluso, atigmate filii'ormi. Capsula mihi 

The name Nicotiana for getiana has appeared in most of 
the gardening papers ; but, so far as I am aware, no 
description of the plant has hitherto been published. It 
was introduced from South Brazil by Messrs. Sander & 
Sons of St. Albans, through their collector, Mr. Forget, 
about four years ago, and it is one of the parents of the 
beautiful hybrid N. Sanderae, which is being advertised by 
the same firm. It appears to be as free a grower as the 
well-known JV". alata, Link. & Otto (syn. N. affinis, Moore), 
which is the other parent of N. Sanderae, and now that 
hybrid breeding has been started between these and other 
species we may expect to see the genus Nicotiana occupying 
a much more prominent position in gardens than hitherto. 
Although N. forgetiana itself is a highly ornamental plant, 
it is not offered for sale, but it will be represented in 
gardens by the more brilliantly coloured hybrids. 

March 1st, 1905. 

The most recent monograph of the genus * contains 
descriptions of forty-one species, under many of which 
several varieties are denned, some of which have generally 
been regarded as distinct species. The author also 
describes and discusses the various kinds cultivated for 
smoking in all parts of the world, with references to 
figures and existing literature. For instance, under N. 
Tabacum, var. havanensis, he first enumerates the 
" Grenirinae," or those sorts obtained without crossing, 
with their commercial names, and the countries in which 
they are cultivated. Following these come the hybrids 
belonging to this group, the parentage of which is set 

Our figure of N.forgetiana was prepared from specimens 
supplied by Messrs. Sander. 

Descr. — An annual herb, two to three feet high, branching 
from the base. Leaves papery, soft, pubescent ; radical 
oblong-lanceolate, largest about a foot long, obtuse, 
tapering downwards into a winged petiole, slightly undu- 
late ; cauline similar, but smaller, ovate, with decurrent 
blades. Panicles ample, loosely branched ; branches very 
slender, glandular-pubescent ; lower bracts leafy, narrow, 
acute, gradually smaller upwards ; uppermost minute. 
Pedicels filiform, shorter than the flowers. Calyx small, 
clothed with harsh hairs, five-toothed ; teeth unequal, very 
slender, rigid. Corolla narrow, funnel-shaped, about one 
inch and a quarter long and one inch in diameter, very 
sparsely hairy; segments of the limb nearly equal, 
triangular, obtuse. Stamens included ; filaments hairy at 
the base as far as they are attached to the corolla, genicu- 
late just above the attachment, thence filiform and 
glabrous. Ovary glabrous, as well as the filiform included 
style. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, corolla laid open, showing the attachment of the 
stamens ; 3, ovary : — all enlarged. 

* Monographic da Genre Nicotiana ... par le Dr. Prof. O. Conies. 
Naples, 1899. 



\ancentBroaks^)ay&.SarCL1^ Imp. 

LReove 8c C? London 

Tab. 8007. 

CATASETUM christyanum. 
Amazon District. 

Orchidace^e. Tribe Vande^:. 

Catasetum, Rich.; Benth. et Rook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 551; Bolfe in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvii. p. 206. 

C. christyanum, Reichb. f. in Qard. Ghron. 1882, i. p. 588; 1895, ii. 
pp. 617, 618, fig. 104; species ex affinitate G. saccati, Lindl., sepalis 
petalisque angustioribus, labello tritido laciniis refractis distinctum. 

Serba epiphytica, circa 1 ped. alta. Pseudobulbi fusiformi-oblongi, 4-6 poll, 
longi, vaginis vestiti. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, acuta vel acuminata, 
plicata, 3-5-nervia, 6-9 poll.longa, pallide viridia. Scapi axillaies, prope 
basin pseudobulbi -product]*, arcnati, circa 1 ped. longi, prope basin 
vaginis tubulosis vestiti; racemi laxi, multiflori. Bractepe oblongre, 
acutte, paullo concavse, 4-8 lin. longa;. Pedicelli 1-2 poll, longi. Flores 
circa 4 poll, diametro, pallide virides, sepala et petala rufo-brunneo- 
maculata, labellum viride brunneo suffusum, os sacci album. Sepala 
patentia, lineari-lanceolata, acuminata vel acuta, circa 2 poll, louga ; 
lateralia subfalcata. Petala sepalis similia cam sepalo postico galeam 
formantia. Labellum trifidum, lobis reflexis; lobus intermedins late 
ovato-oblongus vel suborbicularis, apicnlatus, circa 6 lin. longus, margine 
profunda fimbriatus, lobi laterales rotundati, profunde fimbriati ; saccns 
latus, obtusns ; os transverse oblongum, medio constrictum ; callus conicus, 
obtusus. Golumna clavata, circa 1 poll, longa; antenme graciles, 
divergentes; anthera longe apiculata. 

Gatasetum is one of the most remarkable genera of 
Orchids. Its flowers are quaint in structure, very poly- 
morphic in the different sections of which it is composed, 
and unisexual, the two sexes being completely diverse in 
appearance. The females are produced very rarely, and 
of the sixty or more described species they are only known 
in about a third. They are also remarkably uniform in 
appearance, as compared with the other sex, and indeed 
difficult to determine in the absence of the males. This 
diversity is very well illustrated by the plate of G. Bandit, 
Rolfe (B. M. t. 7470), which is the solitary example out 
of nineteen species already figured in this Magazine where 
both sexes are represented. 

Gatasetum christyanum was originally flowered by Mr. 
Thomas Christy, F.L.S., at Sydenham, and was described 
in 1882, but since that time it has appeared in numerous 
collections. It is a striking species, most nearly allied to 
G. saccatum, Lindl., which seems to have been lost sight of 

April 1st, 1905. 

for some years. The flowers figured are males, the 
females being unknown, though two flowers appeared in 
the collection of Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart., in November, 
1894, which were intermediate in structure, being mostly 
male, but having the saccate lip of the female. 

The plant figured was purchased in 1894. It flowered 
in a tropical house at Kew in early winter ; but it is not 
quite constant in its period of flowering. 

Descr. — A tufted epiphyte about a foot high. Bulbs 
fusiform-oblong, four to six inches long, clothed with the 
persistent leaf-sheaths. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, acute or 
acuminate, plicate, three- to five-nerved, six to nine inches 
long, light green. Scape axillary from near the base of 
the bulb, a foot or more long ; raceme lax, many-flowered. 
Bracts oblong, acute, somewhat concave, four to eight lines 
long. Pedicels one to two inches long. Flowers about 
four inches across, light green, heavily blotched with red- 
brown on the sepals and petals, the lip brown and green 
with a white area round the mouth of the sac. Sepals 
spreading, linear-lanceolate, acuminate or acute, about two 
inches long, lateral pair somewhat falcate. Petals similar 
to the sepals and parallel to the dorsal, forming a narrow 
hood over the column. Lip strongly three-lobed ; lobes 
reflexed; front lobe broadly ovate-oblong or nearly 
orbicular, apiculate, nearly half an inch long; margin 
deeply fimbriate; side lobes rounded, shorter than the 
front lobe, deeply fimbriate; sac broad and obtuse, the 
mouth transversely oblong, somewhat constricted in the 
middle. Column clavate, over an inch long, bearing a 
long, slender, curved appendage at the summit ; rostellar 
arms long and slender, one curved forward over the mouth 
of the spur, the other descending by the side of the 
column ; anther-case bearing a long, slender appendage at 
the apex. — E. A. Rolfk. 

Figs. 1 and 2, front and hack view of lip; 3, anther case; 4 and 5, pollinia, 
with the stipes and gland, spen from front and back :— all magnified. 




LRfleve &X°lcmion. 

Tab. 8008. 
derris alboktjbra. 


Legumjnos*. Tribe Dalbergie.*;. 
Derris, Lour. ; Benih. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 549. 

Derris alborubra, Hems/, (sp. nov.) ; ex affinitate D. uliginosw, Benth., a 
qua foliolis emarginatis, alabastris sericeis et legumine circumalato 

Frutex scandens vel vagaris, saltern 18-pedalis, praiter inflorescentiam glaber. 
Hami crassiusculi, verruculosi, juniores virides, internodiis scope elon- 
gatis. Folia persistentia, al tenia, petiolata, maxima 6-7 poll, longa, 
petiolo valido basi incrassato supra ut rliachi canaliculato ; foliola ssepius 
5, interdum 3, opposita, breviter petiolulata, coriacea, supra atroviridia, 
ineequalia, ini'eriora minora, obovato-oblonga, srepius 2|-3^ poll, longa, 
suprema interdum minora, apice rotuudata et emarginata, basi rotundata 
vel rare subeuneata ; costa supra impressa, subtus elevata, venis 
primariis lateralibus utrinque circiter 9 inconspicuis ; stipula? minutas, 
citissimo deciduas. Flores odorati, in paniculas laterales et terminales 
angustas interdum usque ad 1 ped. longas pendentes dispositi, ramuli 
pedicellique graciles, puberuli; bractea? bracteolaxpie minutissima?; 
pedicelli quam flores breviores. Calyx ruber, primum sericeo-hirsutus, 
deinde glabrescens, oblique campanulatus, vix 2 lin. longus, obscure 
bilabiatns, lobis brevissimis antico longiore. Petala alba, unguiculata, 5-6 
lin. longa, apice puberula ; vexillum fere orbicolatum, cucullatum, emar- 
ginatum, inappendiculatum ; alarum limbus basi biauriculatus, apice 
obtusus ; carinas petala dolabriformia, apice rotundata, supra medium 
connata. Stamina monadelpha, dorsali basilibero; antheraa uniformes. 
Ovarium, sessile, pubescens, 4-ovulatum; stylus supra medium glaber, 
stamina paullo excedens. Legurnen planum, coriaceum, glabrum, 
utrinque alatum, saspissime monospermum, oblique ellipticum, circiter 1£ 
poll, longum, interdum pleiospermum et longius. Semina perfecta non 

A plant of this pretty, evergreen climber was sent to 
Kew from Hong Kong, in 1900, by Mr. C. Ford, I.S.O., 
under the name of Derris Fordii, Oliv. He also sent pods, 
containing imperfect seeds, bearing the same name. It 
was taken for granted that Mr. Ford was familiar with 
the I). Fordii, Oliv. (Hook. Ic. PL t. 1771), as it was 
founded upon specimens supplied by him. Last August 
the plant now figured flowered profusely in the Palm 
House, where it covered some square yards of the roof, 
and it proved to be a different species from D. Fordii, but 
identical with, specimens in the Kew Herbarium from 
Hainan, collected by Dr. A. Henry (8228 and 8394). 

Another Chinese species of Derris, from Kwantung, 
identified by the late Dr. Hance with D. oblonga from 

April 1st, 1905. 

Ceylon (see Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxiii. p. 199) proves, as 
was suspected, to be distinct. It resembles D. alborubra 
in having a red calyx, and in other particulars. 

D. Hancei, Hemsl. (sp. nov.) ; D. oblonga, Benth., similis ab ea tamen 
foliolis paucioribus et calyce extus glabro differt. 

Descr. — A climbing, evergreen shrub, with stems at 
least eighteen feet in length, glabrous, except in the in- 
florescence. Branches green when young. Leaves pinnate, 
largest six to seven inches long ; petiole thickened at the 
base, channelled above ; leaflets usually five, occasionally 
three, shortly petiolulate, coriaceous, dark green above, 
obovate-oblong, two inches and a half to three inches and 
a half long, uppermost even smaller, rounded and notched 
at the tip ; midrib sunk below the upper surface ; venation 
exceedingly fine. Flowers in lateral and terminal panicles, 
sometimes a foot or more in length, fragrant; branches 
and pedicels slender, slightly hairy. Calyx red, silky- 
hairy at first, obliquely campanulate, about two lines deep, 
obscurely lobed. Petals white, clawed; standard almost 
orbicular ; limb of the w ing-petals two-eared at the base ; 
keel rounded at the tip. Stamens monadelphous. Ovary 
sessile, pubescent ; ovules four. Pod flat, coriaceous, 
glabrous, winged on both sides, almost always one-seeded, 
obliquely oval, about an inch and a half long. Seeds not 
seen in a perfect condition. — W. Bottjng Hemslby. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil; 2, standard; 3, a wing-petal; 4, a keel-petal; 
5, andrceoium ; 6 and 7, anthers ; 8, pod ; 9, seed attached :— all except 8 and 9 


Vincent Brc ota Day ' 

L Keeve ^O^Londoa 

Tab. 8009. 
BURBIDGEA schizooheila. 


SciTAHiNEiE. Tribe Zingibere^e. 

Bubbidgea, Hool-.f. in Bot. Mag. t. 6403 ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. 
iii. p. 647 ; Engler, Pflanzenr. Zingiber, p. 281. 

Burbidgea schizocheila, Hort. Buitenz. ex W. MacJcett in Gard. Ohron. 
1904, vol. ii. p. 301, a B. nitida, Hook, f., lamina labelli quam staminis 
connectivum obtusum anguatiore et perianthii segmentis interioris 
aurantiaco-luteis differt. 

Gaules tenues, 9-15 poll, alfci. Folia elliptica, acuminata, basi cuneata, 5 
poll, longa, 3 poll, lata, supra viridia, subtus brunneo-purpureo tincta, 
marginibus angustis brurmeo-purpuratis ; vaginas 5 poll, longa?, rubro- 
purpurese; ligube scarioste ; petioli l£ poll, longi, brunnei. Panicula 
terminalis, 9-12-flora. Calyx tubularis, 9 lin. longus, 2 lin. diani., 
breviter bidentatus. Petala 2 poll, longa, lutea, posticum ovatum, apice 
longe cucullatum, 5 lin. latum, lateralia oblonga, obtusa, 3 lin. lata. 
Labellum bifidum, apice intua pilosum. Anthera 3 lin. longa, connectivo 
apice in appendiceal obcuneatam obtusa m irregulariter dentatam pro- 
ducto. Ovarium viride; stylus filiformis, stigmate triangulari, medio 

The plant was received at Kew in 1903 from the 
Buitenzorg Botanic Gardens, under the name of Burbidgea 
schizocheila, but it does not appear to have yet been 
described, and no information is available as to its original 
habitat. The only other species of the genus B. nitida, 
Hook. f. (B. M. t. 6403), is a native of Borneo. 

In habit Burbidgea resembles Hedychium, but the 
flowers are destitute of any trace of lateral staminodes. 

There is a drawing at Kew of a plant collected in Borneo 
by Mr. (now Sir Hugh) Low, which much resembles this 
species, but the corolla is of a similar colour to that of 
B, nitida. 

Descr—Stem slender, nine to fifteen inches high. 
Leaves elliptic,, acuminate, cuneatu at the base, five inches 
long, three inches wide, green above, narrowly edged and 
tinged beneath with brownish-purple ; sheaths five inches 
long, claret colour ; ligules scarious ; petioles an inch and 
a half long, brown. Panicles terminating the leafy stems, 
nine- to twelve-flowered. Calyx tubular, nine lines long, 
two lines in diameter, shortly two-toothed. Corolla two 
inches long, orange-yellow; posterior petal ovate, five lines 

Apbil 1st, 1905. 


wide, long-cucullate at the apex ; lateral petals oblong 
obtuse, three lines wide. Lip bifid, pilose inside at the 
apex. Anther three lines long ; connective produced at the 
apex into an obcuneate, obtuse, irregularly toothed append- 
age, rather longer than the lip. Ovary green ; style 
filiform ; stigma triangular, hollowed in the middle. — 
C. H. Wright. 

Fig. 1, flower with upper part of corolla removed ; 2, lip ; 3, anther and 
style ; 4, style and stigma : — all enlarged. 


Vincent Brodi<s 


I. Beevs &. C°£cm. 

Tab. 8010. 

COTONEASTER eotundjpolia. 

North India. 

Rosace*:. Tribe Pome*. 
Cotoneaster, Medik. ; Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 627. 

Cotoneaster rotundifolia, Wall. Cat. n. 663 ; Lindl. Bot. Beg. sub tab. 1229 ; 
Saunders Sef. Bot. vol. i. t. 54; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 386 ; 
inter affines fructus magnitudine distincta. 

Fmtex suberectus, 3-4-pedalis, dense ramosus, ramis Sfcpe distiebis pubescen- 
tibus. Folia decidna, distieba, distincte petiolata, crassiuscula, saepins 
fere orbicularia, maxima eirciter J poll, diametro, interduui obovata, 
apiculata, glabrescenti a, subtii s pallidiora; stipulse lineares, persistentes. 
Flores roseo-albi, eirciter \ poll, diametro, breviseime pedicellati. Galyx 
glabrescens, lobis rotundatis ciliolatis in fructu persistentibus. Petala 
fere orbicularia. Stamina quam petala breviora. Fructus «turbinatus, 
eirciter ^ poll, longus, saturate coccineus. — G. microphylla, var uva-ursi, 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1187; G. prostrata, Baker, Saunders Ref. Bot. t. 53. 

It is a singular thing, that with the exception of 0. 
laxiflora, Jacq. (t. 3519), which is not a particularly- 
showy species, the ornamental genus Cotoneaster lias been, 
till now, unrepresented in this Magazine. G. rotundifolia 
is one of the most desirable for winter decoration, and the 
only one in the open collection at Kew that carried its 
berries through the severe frosts and destructive fogs of 
the last season. In the middle of February it was still in 
excellent condition south of the Temperate House. 

G. horizontalis, Dene., was also very striking at Kew last 
season, though it did not retain its beauty so long as 
G. rotundifolia. A coloured figure of it is given in the 
" Revue Horticole " (1889, p. 348), with smaller pieces of 
several other species for comparison. 

Among the more recently introduced species of Chinese 
origin, G. pannosa, Franch., and G. Franchetii, Bois, are 
specially deserving of notice. They are quite distinct 
from the present one in having slender branches, and con- 
sequently a more graceful habit. There is a coloured 
figure of the former in "Le Jardin " (1898, p. 120), which 
represents the somewhat smaller, deep crimson berries as 
clustered at the ends of short, lateral branchlets. The 
latter is reported^ from elevations of above 8,000 feet in 
Eastern Tibet. 

April 1st, 1905. 

Descr. — A suberect, densely-branched shrub, three to 
four feet high. Branches more or less in two rows, 
pubescent. Leaves deciduous, usually in two rows, dis- 
tinctly stalked, rather thick, usually round, about half 
an inch across, sometimes obovate, apiculate, becoming 
glabrous. Floivers pink and white, about half an inch 
across, very shortly stalked. Calyx almost smooth ; lobes 
rounded, finely ciliate on the margin. Petals almost 
round. Stamens shorter than the petals. Fruit top- 
shaped, about half an inch long, deep crimson.— 


Fig. 1, enlarged leaf; 2, enlarged flower. 



meant Br o ote X> ay & S onLtMnB 

L-Rfievs &.C °LcmdoTv 

Tab. 8011. 
PINANGA maculata, 

Philippine Islands, 

Palm*. Tribe Arece^. 

Pjnanga, Blume; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii, p. 884; Beccari, 
Malesia, vol. iii. pp. 110 et 145. 

Pinanga maculata, Porte ex Lem. in III. Hort. vol. x. (1863), t, 36J ; Drude 
in Bot. Zeit. 1877, p. 636, t. 5, figs. 12-13 ; habitu P. Veitchii, Wendl., 
similis sed floribus spiraliter dispositis differt. 

Gaules csespitosi, tenues, 3g ped, alti, brunneo-purpurei. Folia elliptica, fere 
ad medium bifida, apice serrata, maculata; vagina longe fusiformis ; 
petiolus brevis. Spadix inf ra-foliacea, recurva, pilosa, indivisa ; flores 
spiraliter dispositi, ternatim aggregati, intermedio femineo, lateralibus 
masculis. Flores <?; calycis lobi late triangulares, breviter acuminati; 
petala suborbicularia ; stamina numerosa, filamentis brevibus, ovoideia, 
antheris oblongis, quam filamenta 2-3-plo longioribus. Flores $ rubri : 
sepala petalaque orbicularia vel fere reniformia, ciliata ; staminodia nulla ; 
ovarium breviter oblongum, stigmatibus 3, aessilibus ; oviilum parvam, 
basale. Fructus ignotua. 

Like many other garden palms, this was originally 
described from a barren plant, and we have been unable 
to find any record of its flowering, beyond a description 
and figure of the ovule by Drude, until the subject of this 
plate flowered in a stove at Kew in November last. The 
flowers then produced confirm the original guess that the 
plant is a Pinanga, in which genus Beccari enumerated it 
as an imperfectly known species. Our plant was received 
in 1900 from the Botanic Garden, Penang. It is a native 
of humid forests in the Philippines at altitudes of 1,200- 
1,500 feet, and is said to flower there first when about 
nine feet high. The Kew plant, however, produced 
flowers when about one-third that height. 

The genus Pinanga is represented at Kew by nearly a 
dozen species in cultivation ; but, among small Palms, they 
do not flower so freely as the members of the New World 
Chamsedorea. The only other Pinanga figured in this 
Magazine (t, 6581) is the very pretty P. patula, Blume, 
which formerly flowered and fruited annually at Kew, but 
it is no longer represented in the collection. 

About half a dozen species are figured in the " Annales 

April 1st, 1905. 

du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg," from the rich 
collection of Palms cultivated in that renowned garden. 

Deser. — Stems caaspitose, slender, about three and a half 
feet high, brownish-purple. Leaves elliptical, bifid nearly 
to the middle, sometimes with a pair of basal leaflets, 
lobes serrate at the apex, green, with darker spots ; sheath 
long, spindle-shaped; petiole short. Spadix below the 
leaves, recurved, pilose, simple; flowers in spirally arranged 
groups of three, the central female, the lateral male and 
deciduous before the female opens. Male flowers : calyx- 
lobes broadly triangular, shortly acuminate; petals sub- 
orbicular ; stamens many, filaments short, anthers oblong, 
two or three times as long as the filaments. Female 
flowers bright red: sepals and petals orbicular or almost 
reniform, ciliate ; staminodes none ; ovary shortly oblong ; 
stigmas three, sessile; ovule small, basal. — C. H. "Wkight. 

Figs. 1 and 2, male flowers ; 3. calyx ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 6, female flowers ; 
7, the same with the sepals removed ; 8, longitudinal section of the pistil : — 
all except 1 enlarged. 


VinoKTYf Brooks Day & SartXt^iu^ 

I.-Ke.evo &. C c . LaruLar\ 

Tab. 8012. 

PRTJNUS Pseudo-ceuasus. 
Japan and China. 

Rosacea. — Tribe Pruned. 
Pruncs, L. ; Benth. et Houk.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 609, 

Prunus Pseudo-Cerasus, Lmdt. in Trans. Hort. Soc. vol.. vi. (1826), p. 90 ; 
Forhes 8f Jtiemsley, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxiii. p. 221 ; affinis P. Ceraso, 
L., et P. avium, L., differt foliis cuspidato-serratis, bracteis foliaceis 
majusculis plerumque fimbriatia vel fimbriato-laciniatis, receptaculo 
infundibulari, a priore etiam drupa minore. 

Arbor in patria alta, facie P. Gerasi ramis oblique erectis cortice brunneo 
tectis, ramulis juventute tenere villosis mox glabratis. Folia poBt flores 
evoluta, elliptica vel ad ovatam vel obovatum vergentia, subabrupte 
acuminata, acumine seepe longo angusto, basi rotuudata, 2-6 poll, longa, 
l|-3 poll, lata, dense iueequaliter cuspidato-serrata, plerumque juventute 
pubescentia, cito glabrata, raro jam in gemma glabra, nervis lateralibus 
utrinque 6-11 ; petiolus 1-1| poll, longus, apicem versus biglandulosus ; 
stipulao anguste lineares vel fere filiformes ^-\\ poll, longse, glanduloso- 
fjmbriata3, caducse. Flores in corymbis 3-5-floris brevissitne vel longius- 
cnle pedunculatis bracteatis; pedunculus basi perulis majusculis saape 
purpurascentibus demum deciduis cinctus ; bracteaa saltern in corymbis 
distiocte pedunculatis foliaceae, saape amplae, fimbriatae vel fimbriato- 
laciniatae ; pedicelli lonjdores pollicares. Receptaculum infundibulare. 
Sepa/a ovata vel lanceolata, longitudine receptaculi, integra. Pelala 
rosea vel alba, late elliptica vel obovato-rotundata, emargmata, patula, 
\-% poll, longa. Stamina et stylus glaber petala dimidia aequantia. 
JDrupa pisi'ormis, nigra, carne parca; putamen Bubcompresaum. — 
P. paniculata, Edw. in Bot. Reg. tab. 800 (uon Thunb.). Gerasus 
Sieboldtii, Carr. in Rev. Hort. (1866), p. 371 cum tab. ; C. lannesiana, 
Carr. I.e. (1872), p. 198 et (1873), p. 351 cum tab. ; G. caproniana flore 
roseopleno, Van Houttein F\. des Serres, xxi. (1875), p. 141, tab. 2238-39 ; 
O. serratifolia, Lindl. ex Carr. I.e. (1877), p. 389 cum tab. ; G. Wattererii, 
Hort. ex Lavall., Ic. Arb. et Frut. Segrez. p. 119. 

Primus Pseudo-cerasus is a common forest tree of Japan, 
and lias, for centuries, been cultivated in that country in 
numerous varieties, differing mainly in the colour and size 
of the flowers, their single or double condition, and in the 
degree of pubescence of the young branches and leaves. 
So greatly appreciated is this tree in Japan that its 
blossoming is the occasion of a great national festival. 
The area of the species extends northwards to the island 
of Sachalin and the opposite mainland, and through 
Northern and Central China to West Szechuen. 

It was introduced into this country in a white and 
single-flowered form from China in 1819. The pink and 

Mat 1st, 1905. 

double-flowered varieties now in cultivation are, however, 
of Japanese origin, the first of them (subsequently described 
as Gerasus Sieboldtii, Carr.) having been imported from 
Japan by Robert Fortune in 1864. The tree flowers with 
us in April, before the unfolding of the leaves. 

Descr. — A tree, attaining considerable height in its 
native country, with obliquely erect, brownish branches, 
which when young are more or less pubescent, but soon 
become glabrous. Leaves unfolding after the flowers, 
elliptic or somewhat obovate or ovate, rather abruptly 
contracted into a long and slender point, rounded at the 
base, sharply and closely cuspidate-serrate, 2-6 in. long, 
1^-3 in. broad, with 6-11 nerves on each side; petiole l-l^ 
in. long, with two glands in the upper part; stipules 
narrow-linear or filiform, with gland-tipped fimbriae, 
caducous. Flowers in 3-5-flowered corymbs on very short 
or long peduncles ; peduncles surrounded at the base by 
rather large, often purplish bud-scales ; bracts, at least in 
the distinctly peduncled corymbs, herbaceous, often large, 
fimbriate or fimbriate-laciniate ; pedicels up to over 1 in. 
long. Receptacle funnel-shaped. Sepals ovate or lanceo- 
late, as long as the receptacle, entire. Petals white or 
rose-coloured, broad, elliptic or obovate-rotundate, emargi- 
nate, -|— f in. long, spreading. Stamens and the glabrous 
style reaching to the middle of the petals. Drupe of the 
shnpe and size of a small pea, slightly compressed, black, 
with scanty flesh. — Otto Staff. 

Fig. 1, base of a leaf ; 2, tip of a leaf ; 3, section of flower, with the petals 
removed; 4 and 5, stamens : — all enlarged. 



L.ReevB 8l C ? London. 

Tab. 8013. 

RHIPSALIS dissimiijs var. setulosa. 


Oactace^!. — Tribe OpuntiejK. 

Ehipsalis, Gsertn.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 850; Engl. $ 
Prantl Pflanz&nf. vol. iii. 6A, p. 197. 

Ehipsalis disshnilis, K. Schum. var. setulosa, Weber in Rev. Hort. 1892, 
p. 428 ; K. Schum. Gesamtb. der Kaht. p. 647 ; ab typo perianthii seg- 
mentis numerosioribus exterioribus luteolis pallide brunneo-tinctis et 
staminibus 80 vel ultra differt. 

Planta succulents, ramosa, 1-1| ped. alta. Caules biformes, furcati vel ver- 
ticillatim ramosi ; rami 3-6 poll, lon^, 3-4 lin. crassi, teretes vel 4-5 
angulati, lateribus plains vel sulcatis, nunc glabri nunc ad areolas 
setuliferi. Flores solitarii, f poll, diam., luteo-albi, extra leviter brunneo- 
tincti. Ovarium immersum. Perianthii segmenta oblonga, obtusa, 
patula. Stamina 80 vel ultra, alba. — Rhipsalis setulosa, Weber in Eev. 
Hort. 1892, p. 628. 

Bhipsalis is the only genus of the Cactacece of which 
indigenous species occur outside of the American continent 
and adjacent islands, for the species of Opuntia found in 
various parts of the Old World have been introduced from 
America. But two species of BMpsalis are natives of 
Tropical Africa, and three others are indigenous to the 
Mascarene Islands. No other genus in the order is so 
variable in the form of its stems and branches, as may 
easily be seen by comparing some of the species which 
have been figured in this Magazine, such as B. mesem- 
brianthemoides (t. 3078), B. Cassytha (t. 3080), B. salt- 
cornoides (t. 2461), B. Mittleri (figured as Leplsmium 
Myosurus, t. 3755), and B. Houlletii (t. 6089). Besides 
such distinct variation in different species, some also 
produce upon the same individual two distinct kinds of 
branches, as in the plant here figured, and another example 
of the same nature will be found reuresented in the figure 
of B. salicornoides (t. 2461). 

The plant here figured was presented to Kew in 1899 
by Mr. Justus Corderoy, • of Blewbury, near Didcot, an 
ardent lover and very successful cultivator of succulent 
plants, who also presented to Kew B. Houlletii (t. 60&9), 

May 1st, 1905. 

which was the last species of the genus figured in this 
work, now thirty years ago. 

According to Dr. Schumann and Dr. Weber, the variety 
setulosa differs from typical B. dissimilis in having five- 
angled instead of three- to seven-angled stems, and in the 
outer segments of the flower being straw-coloured instead 
of bright purple, but besides these characters, according 
to the figure of Ii. dissimilis in the Gartenjlora, vol. xl. 
p. 634, t. 121, the flowers also differ in having more 
numerous and more obtuse perianth segments, and at 
least three times as many stamens as in typical R. dissi- 
milis. It is a native of the province of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 
and was introduced into the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, in 

Descr. — Plant a foot to one and a half high, produc- 
ing two kinds of stems and branches. Stems clustered 
at the base, forked or verticillately branched ; branches 
three to six inches long, three to four lines thick, 
usually five- or occasionally four-angled, or subterete; 
angles obtuse with flat or grooved faces between them ; 
some branches entirely glabrous, others beset at the 
areoles with tufts of thirteen to twenty erect, and some- 
what adpressed, slender, white bristles, one-eighth to one- 
third of an inch long, having at their base a minute, 
transverse, rounded scale or rudimentary leaf, and some 
very minute, woolly hairs, green, not glaucous, with a 
purple-brown spot at each areole. Flowers solitary, three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter ; ovary shortly obconic, 
glabrous, immersed at the areoles among woolly hairs in 
cavities of the stem ; outer segments two to three lines long, 
about one line and a half broad, oblong, obtuse, straw- 
yellow, tinged with brownish ; inner segments about five 
lines long, and two lines broad, oblong, obtuse, spread- 
ing, pale yellowish-white or tinted with reddish-brown at 
the tips on the back ; stamens eighty or more ; filaments 
and anthers white; style with three or four linear stigmas, 
white. — N. E. Brown. 

Fipa. 1 and 2, areoles and tufts of bristles: 3, apex of style with stigmas :- 
all enlarged. r 



■Vmcert.Br oaks Da^&SonLt 3 -!^ 

X.Pteeye &.C9Lcm.<l£ui 

Tab. 8014. 

West Tropical Africa. 

Orchidace/k. Tribe Vandeji. 

Listbostachys, jReichb.f. ; B*nih. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 583, sub 
Angrceco; Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl Pjianzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 215. 

Listrostachys bidens, Rolfe in Thiselton-Dyer Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. vii. p. 160 ; 
inter species cauhbus *-longatis et floribus parvis, labello sursum attenuato 
apice breviter tridentato distincta. 

Frutex in arboribus epiphyticus. Caules elongati, teretes, circiter 2-4 lin. 
diametro, iuternodiis quam foliis brevioribns. Folia numerosa, disticba, 
semiamplexicaulia, craasa, coriacea, glabra, ovato-oblonga, 2-2| poll, longa, 
f to 1\ lata, apice oblique bilobata, lobis obtusis, basi constricta, con- 
strictione brevi, circiter 20-nervia. Flores suaveolentes, circiter semi- 
pollicares, incarnati, in racemos extra-axillares graciles pendentes 
dispositi, subsessileB ; bractese parvae, squamiformes. Sepala ovata, 
obtusa. Petala sepalis similia sed minora. Labellum snbcordiforme, 
apice breviter tridentatnm, supra dentem curvato ad calcaris ostium 
spectante instructum. Calcar labellum sequans. Pollinia 2, stipitibus 
2 distinctis affixa, glandula simplice squamiformi. — Limodorum bidens, 
Afz. ex Sw. in Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockh. 1800, p. 423 (nomen tantum) ; 
Pers. Syn. vol. ii. p. 521. 

Tropical Africa is by no means so rich as India in the 
number and splendour of her known orchids, but recent 
explorations have greatly increased the number. Nine 
genera alone contribute upwards of 500 species : — Bulbo- 
phyllum, 41 ; Eulophia, 65; Lissochilus, 83 ; Polystachya, 74; 
Angrsecum, 48 ; Listrostachys, 52 ; Kabenaria, 107 ; Satyrium, 
33 ; and Visa, 20. Some of these are very handsome, but 
they pale before the Asiatic Vandse and Dendrobia. 

Listrostachys was separated from Angrsecum by Reichen- 
bach, and founded on A, pertusum, Lindl. (B. M. t. 
4782) ; but he, as usual, did not explain the application of 
the name, and it is not obvious. The Greek " listron " is 
described as an instrument for levelling roads — a shovel or 
roller ! We can only suppose that it was in reference to 
the flowers of L. pertusa being arranged like the teeth of a 
rake, for which " listron " is also given as the equivalent. 
In Angrsecum, as distinguished from Listrostachys, the 
pollinia are in pairs on a simple stalk. A. caudatum, 
Lindl. (B.M. t. 4370), and A. chaillaanum, Hook. f. 
(t. 5589) belong to the latter genus. The allied genus 

May 1st, 1905. 

Mystaciditim differs in having the two distinct pollinia on 
distinct stalks attached to distinct glands. AngrsRCwm 
distichum, Lindl. (t. 4145) is Mystacidium distichum, 

Listrostachys bidens is a very free-growing and profuse- 
flowering orchid, and its fragrant flowers are pretty, 
though not brilliantly coloured. The plant from which 
the drawing was made was sent to Kew, from Old Calabar, 
in 1899, by Mr. J. H. Holland, then Curator of the 
Botanic Gardens there, now Assistant in the Museums at 
Kew. The recurved tooth over the entrance to the spur 
is a character this species possesses in common with L. 
askantensis, Reichb. f., and L. monodon, Reichb. f. Like the 
appendage over the spur in Gleisostoma, it must impede, 
to some extent, the visits of insects. Some of the species 
of this group require revision, and L. askantensis is very 
near the present ; but Lindley's drawing represents the 
sepals, petals and labellum as crenulate, and the apex of 
the labellum as less decidedly three-lobed. 

Afzelius's specific name refers to the leaves, and was 
only specially applicable to this species because he referred 
it to Limodorum. 

Descr. — Epiphytical on trees. Stems elongated, many- 
leaved, about a quarter of an inch in diameter ; internodes 
shorter than the leaves. Leaves numerous, thick, ovate- 
oblong, between two and three inches long, obliquely two- 
lobed, lobes obtuse. Flowers sweet-scented, about half an 
inch long, numerous, in slender, pendent racemes. Sepals 
ovate, acute. Petals similar, but smaller. Lip heart- 
shaped, shortly three-toothed at the tip, and furnished 
with a recurved appendage over the entrance to the spur. 
Spur as long as the lip.— W. Botting Hemsley. 

rig. 1, a flower ; 2, column and longitudinal section of the lip showing the 
spar and the appendage over its moutli; 3, anther-cap; 4, pollinia -.-—all 



Vincent Breaks,: 

£ Reeve 8cC?LanjlarL 

Tab. 8015. 


LiLiACEiK. Tribe Oolchice^j. 

Colchiccm, Linn. ; JBenth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 821 ; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 423 ; Engl, und Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 
5, p. 29. 

Colchicum libanoticum, Ehrenb. ex Boiss. El. Orient, vol. v. p. 166; 
Post, Fl. Syria, p. 809; C. montano, Linn., proximum, foliia latioribua 
antherisque luteis differt. 

Cormus subglobosus vel ovoideus, tunicis fuscis, levibus. Folia per anthesin 
periantbii tubo dimidio breviora, late lanceolata, 1 poll, lata, apice paullo 
cucnllata. Flores 2-8 albi vel dilate rosei. Perianthii tubus 4J poll, 
longus, cylindricns vel apice leviter dilatatus; segmenta elliptico-oblonga, 
obtusa vel acuta, 8-10-nervata, 14 lin. longa, 4J lin. lata. Stamina 
periantbii segmentia dimidio breviora; filamenta subulata, basi viridia, 
supra alba ; antherae luteal. Styli rami lineares, virides, stamina 
paullo superantes. 

The home of this plant is in close proximity to snow- 
drifts at Sunnin on Mount Lebanon, where it flowers 
in June, bearing, according to Dr. Post, from two to 
four blossoms. At Kew the plant has flowered in the 
Alpine House during December and January. Under the 
treatment received there it has become more robust, and 
produced a greater number of flowers than in the wild 
state. The variation in colour of the perianth from pure 
white to pale rose is also very noticeable in plants raised 
from the same batch of corms received from Mr. Georg 
Egger of Jaffa. 

The nearest ally of the present plant is G. montanum, 
Linn. (B. M. t. 6443), which has dark brown anthers, 
narrower leaves, and the tunics of the bulb much pro- 
duced. C. Troodi, Kotschy (t. 6901), has the flowers 
clustered as in C. libanoticum, but they appear in the 
autumn, while the leaves do not mature until the following 

Descr. — Conn subglobose or ovoid ; tunics dark brown, 
smooth, shortly produced at the apex. Leaves not quite 
half as long as the perianth-tube at the time of flowering, 
broadly lanceolate, one inch wide, slightly cucullate at the 
apex. Flowers two to eight on each plant, white or pale 

May 1st, 1905. 

rose. Perianth-tube cylindrical or slightly widened at the 
apex, four and a half inches long ; segments elliptic-oblong, 
obtuse or acute, eight- to ten-nerved, fourteen lines long, 
four and a half lines wide. Stamens half as long as the 
perianth-segments ; filaments subulate, green at the base, 
white above ; anthers yellow. Style-arms linear, green, 
slightly overtopping the stamens. — C. H. Weight. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers -.—enlarged. 



"Vincent Brooks Day & S 

L Reeve &_C<? London 

Tab. 8016. 

Temperate Europe and Asia. 

Hippopiiae, Linn. ; Benth. et Rook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 204. 

Hippophae rhamnoides, Linn. ; Loudon, Arb. et Frut. Brit. vol. iii. p. 1324; 
ab H. salicifolia, Don, foliis snbtus noa tomentosis recedit. 

Frutex vel arbor parva, saliciformis, dioica, spinosa, ramis rigidis foliis 
perianthiisque dense lepidotis, lepidibus orbicularibus peltatis margine 
fimbriolatia. Folia alter na, conferta, lineari-lanceolata, 1-2 poll, longa, 
subtus argeutea. Flores minutissimi, lepidoti, utriusque sexus ad axillas 
bractearum deciduarum solitarii. Flores masculi in spicas deciduas 
dispositi ; perianthium diphyllum, valvatum; stamina 4, inclusa, fllamentis 
brevissimis. Flores feminei in racemos abbreviatos dispositi ; racemi 
axis in ramum foliatum, apice spinosum excrescens ; perianthium tuba- 
losnm, supra ovarium constrictutn, fructiferum carnosum, nucem 
f ovens, stylo longe exserto per totam fere longitndiaem stigmatoso. 
Fructus baccatus, rubro-aurantiacus, monospermus. Semen exalbumino- 

The Sea Buckthorn has been figured in numerous 
publications, but it has hardly received the recognition 
it deserves as an ornamental shrub in winter. Though 
naturally an inhabitant of the sea-shore and salt marshes, 
it flourishes where there is no accumulation of salt. The 
profusion of its orange-red berries, which are not taken by- 
birds, in ordinary seasons, at least, and their persistence 
through the winter, entitle this shrub to a place even in a 
small garden. At Kew it succeeds remarkably well, both 
near the water and in the sandy soil of the Arboretum. 
Intending planters should bear in mind that the berries 
and male flowers are borne on different individuals, or there 
may be disappointment, as there often is with hollies. 
Propagation is usually from suckers or by layering, so there 
is no difficulty in obtaining a preponderance of female 
plants. On sandy sea-shores the Sea Buckthorn is often 
of procumbent habit, and not more than two or three feet 
high. In more favourable localities, and left to itself, 
it forms thickets six to eight feet high, and if kept to a 
single stem it grows much higher. 

The largest specimens of Hippophae at Kew at the 
present time are growing in the beds between King 
William's Temple and the Temperate House. First comes 

May 1st, 1905. 

E. rhamnoides, var. taurica, twenty-one feet high, with a 
trunk fourteen inches in girth. Further on is a tree of 
H. salicifolia, from thirty-five to forty feet high, spreading 
twenty-five feet, with a trunk four feet three inches in 
girth, at two feet from the ground. Nearer the Temperate 
House is a solitary example of ordinary H. rhamnoides. 
It is fourteen feet high with a spread of twelve feet, and 
a trunk seventeen inches in girth. 

Buckthorn has been used to bind shifting sands, and 
protect the seeds of the Pinus Pinaster sown under it. 

Loudon figures a variety angustifolia (op. sup. cit. vol. 
vii. t. 174a) with pendulous branches, which he designates 
a highly ornamental tree. Both male and female of this 
variety existed in the gardens of the Horticultural Society 
of London. 

Our drawing was made from a specimen taken from the 
group by the pond near the Palm House. 

Descr. — A shrub or small tree clothed in all the young 
parts with peltate, fringed, silvery or brown scales, 
dioecious, spiny. Branches very rigid, often ending in a 
spine. Leaves alternate, crowded. Floivers very small, 
both sexes solitary in the axils of deciduous bracts. Male 
flowers in deciduous spikes ; perianth two-leaved, including 
four stamens with very short filaments. Female flowers 
in short racemes, the axes of which grow out into spine- 
tipped branchlets ; perianth tubular, enclosing the ovary, 
becoming fleshy in fruit ; style exserted. Berries orange- 
red, ovoid, four or five lines long. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Figs. 1 and 2, male flowers ; 3, the same laid open showing the stamens ; 
4, a female flower ; 5, gynaeceum ; 6, a fruit ; 7, scales from the same ; 8, a 
fruit, from which part of the Bucculent perianth haB been removed; 9, a 
seed ; 10, the same in Bection showing one cotyledon of the embryo, the 
radicle and the small plumule :— all enlarged except Jiff. 1, whichis natural size. 


Vincant Broate ,'D«y &S GnXt a -Tmi 

Tab. 8017. 


Nepenthes, Linn. ; Benth. et Mook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 115. 

Nepenthes Rajah, Hook. f. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxii. (1859), p. 431, 
t, 72; DC. Prodr. vol. xvii. p. 95; Burhidge, The Gardens of the Sun, 
pp. 100 et 108 ; H. J. Veitch in Journ. Boy. Hort. Soc. vol. xxi. (1897) 
p. 232 ; Gard. Ohron. 1881, vol. ii. p. 493, f. 91 ; species ascidiorum magni- 
tudine ac colore insignis. 

Frutex terrestris, paucipedalis, novellis plus minnsve ferrugineo-hirsutis, 
caule subsimplice dense foliato. Folia crassissima, coriacea, maxima in 
plantis agrestibus cum ascidio usque ad operculi apicem 5-6-pedalia : 
nempe petiolus 4 poll., lamina 20 poll., cirrhus 20 poll., ascidium 12 poll., 
operculum 10 poll, longum ; maxima in plantis cultis saltern dimidio 
minora, cito glabrescentia, lanceolato-spatbulata, deorsum attenuata, 
apice rotundata utrinque glandulis (rudimentariis ?) minntis crebre con- 
spersa. Cirrhus circiter 1 poll, infra lamime apicem peltatira exiens, 
|— | poll, diainetro, per totam longitudinem, sed praeciprte apicem versus, 
glandulis perithecioideis melliferis l|-3 lin. longis praeditus. Ascidia 
oblique lateque ampullacea, primum ferrugineo-pubescentia, extus 
plerumque brunneo-purpurea, oblique costata, alis duabus anticis viridibus 
ciliatis ornata, costa postica infra operculi insertionem in calcar recurvum 
producta ; extus glandulis melliferis paucis peritheciodeis oblongis in- 
structa ; intus super totam superficiem glandulosa ; glandulaa iu parte 
snperiore minores, semiobtectaa, segregate, in parte inferiore majores, 
omnino detects, infimte contiguse, 5-7-gona3, marginatas. Operculum 
crassum, amplum, ellipticum, basi cordatum, apice emarginatum, erecto- 
incurvum, extus rubro-viride, intus viride, rubro-striatum, costa basin 
versus geniculatim producta. Os obliquum,in collum brevem pectinatum 
intus sanguineum productum. Peristomium atro-sanguineum, latum, 
eversum, lobatum, crebre transverse plicatum, plicis angustis rigidis 
nitidis, margine interiore pectinatum, dentibus acutis, inter dentes uni- 
porosum, uniglandulosum, glandulis omnino immersis. Flores ferrugineo- 
pubescentes, 4-5 lin. diametro, anguste racemoso-paniculati ; paniculm 
erectaa, ferrugineo-pubescentes, cum rhacbi valida nuda usque ad 2| 
ped. longae, masculinas quam femineas longiores; pedunouli graciles, 
saepissime biflori, inferiores £-1 poll, longi, sursum gradatim breviores ; 
pedicelli graciles, longiores vix semipollicares. Perianthium utriusque 
sexus 4-partitum ; segmdnta crassa, coriacea, oblongo-spathulata, rotun- 
data, recurva, infra ferrugineo-pubescentia, supra glandulosa, persis- 
tentia. Antherm uniseriataa. Capsular ferrugineo-tomentosa;, circiter 9 
lin. longre. 

Nepenthes Bajah was discovered by Sir Hugh Low, whose 

death we have to lament while these pages were in the 

printers' hands, together with N. edwardsiana, N. Lowii 

and N. villosa, in 1851, and was described by Sir Joseph 

Hooker in 1859. Mr. F. W. Burbidsfe introduced it for 

Messrs. James Veitch & Sons in 1881. This firm had it in 
June 1st, 1905. 

cultivation from 1882, but Mr. F. W. Moore, to whom we 
are indebted for the specimen figured, is the only grower who 
has really succeeded. He writes : — " The Glasnevin plant 
is one of three seedlings which were presented to me from 
Messrs. Veitch's original importation. Two were given me 
by Messrs. Veitch, and one by Mr. F. W. Burbidge. It is 
the last that now survives. I was advised to treat them hot 
and moist, but they did not grow to my satisfaction, so I 
put my last plant into a cool orchid house, and it imme- 
diately began to grow. It has remained there ever since. 
The plant grew rather tall, so I determined to try and root 
the head of it, but failed in consequence of trying to force 
it. The old stem gave me a break at the bottom, and this 
is the plant I now have. It was two feet high when I cut 
the pitcher sent to you. My plant has never flowered ; but 
it is still in perfect health, and is forming young pitchers. 
The secret of growing it seems to me to be moisture, 
shade and intermediate temperature. The leaves quickly 
get discoloured and sick when exposed to the sun." 

When reading a paper before the Royal Horticultural 
Society in 1897 Mr. Harry Veitch exhibited a pitcher of 
N. Rajah, also grown by Mr. Moore. This was presented 
to Kew, and modelled by Mrs. Blackman, for the Museum. 
It is about double the size of the one represented in our 
plate. From the point of attachment to the stem to the 
tip of the lid it measures three feet three inches. 

Descr. — A terrestrial shrub about four feet high, rusty- 
pubescent in nearly all young parts. Stem, erect, stout, 
densely leafy. Leaves thick, leathery, oblong or lanceolate, 
including tendril and pitcher, between five and six feet 
long in wild plants, rarely half as much under cultivation. 
Pitchers sometimes having a capacity of two quarts (the one 
figured only about half a pint) about half as wide as long, 
interior wholly glandular; wings fringed. Collar very 
broad, transversely plaited, outer margin lobed, inner 
margin pectinate. Lid as large as the mouth, oval, cordate 
at the base. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, a portion of the inner surface of pitcher showing digestive glands ; 

2, a portion of the toothed inner margin of the collar showing the pores 
between the teeth leading to immersed honey-glands, with one gland exposed ; 

3, a portion of the under surface of the lid studded with perithecioid honey- 
glands ; 4, male, and 5, female flowers from a wild specimen :— all enlarged. 


M.S.dnI J-NIiUfclith. 

LFteavo &.C°Lmvdan. 

Tab. 8018. 
erica lusitanica. 

Western Europe. 

Ericace.*. Tribe Erice^j. 
Ekica, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 590. 

Erica lusitanica, Rudolph in Schrad. Journ. vol. ii. (1799), p. 286 ; Goste, 
Flore Descr. et Illustr. de la France, vol. ii. p. 513 ; Bean in Gard. 
Chron. 1904, vol. i. pp. 84 et 91, f, 41; ab E. arborea, Linn., ramis pilis 
simplicibus vestitis, foliia tenuioribus longioribus, pedicellis brevioribus, 
calycis brevioris dentibus acutis, et corollaa majoris dentibns quam tubo 
quadrnplo brevioribus differt. — E. polytrichifolia, Salisb. in Trans. Linn. 
Soc. vol. vi. (1802), p. 329; E. codonodes, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. vol. xx. 
(1835), t. 1698 ; Gard. Chron. 1877, p. 463, f. 70, et 1896, vol. i. p. 487, 
f . 74. 

This valuable winter-flowering shrub was introduced 
prior to 1835, when Liudley published it as a new species. 
He did not identify it with E. polytrichifolia, Salisb., with 
which he compared it, but suggested that it might be a 
variety of E. arborea, L., differing in having a very small 

Lindley obtained his specimens from Wm. Wood, 
Nurseryman, of Maresfield, Sussex, where it was reported 
to be quite hardy, ten to twelve feet high, and beginning 
to flower in February, and continuing on to May. It does 
not appear to have become very widely known. It was 
in cultivation at Kew between 1843 and 1853, when 
A. Williamson, then Curator of the " Royal Pleasure 
Grounds," collected it. The variety was inferior to the 
one now cultivated at Kew, and the name polytrichifolia, 
by which it was known, was peculiarly appropriate. The 
same variety existed at Kew in 1856, when a specimen 
was preserved for the Herbarium. In 1877 the present 
form was figured in the Gardeners* Chronicle, and its 
merits described. In 1888 Kew procured living plants 
from the Lisbon Botanic Garden, and these flourished and 
passed unscathed through the excessively cold winter of 
1890-91, but succumbed in 1895. There are flowering 
specimens in the Herbarium collected in the months of 
March and October, 1891. Last season it was very much 
blackened and damaged at Kew by the fogs at the 
beginning of the year. 

June 1st, 1905. 

An interesting fact in the history of this species is its 
naturalization at Lytchett Heath, near Poole, by Lord 
Eustace Cecil. It is fully established, and spreading 
rapidly. Photographs sent to Kew in March, 1901, 
represent large clumps in full blossom. The Hon. Mrs. 
Evelyn Cecil, who took the photographs, has kindly 
furnished the following particulars of: its introduc- 
tion to Lytchett : — " Two plants were bought by Lord 
Eustace Cecil for Lytchett Heath, about 1876. One was 
planted in the garden, and died after several years. The 
other was planted in rough ground just outside the flower 
garden and grew well. It began to produce seed about 
1880, and since that date it has gone on increasing and 
seeding. Seedlings that have been transplanted into the 
grounds near have equally established themselves. Now 
between one and two acres of ground are covered with 
thousands of bushes. The average height is from four to 
six feet, but many are over seven and eight, and one 
measures eleven feet. It seems to grow equally well in 
sand or clay. It is a curious fact that although seedlings 
from Lytchett have been planted in many places in the 
neighbourhood, and have grown, none have, as yet, seeded, 
even on similar soil within a few miles. The original 
plant lived about twenty-five years." 

Descr. — An erect, densely-branched shrub, ten to twelve 
feet high, flowering when quite small, and flowering from 
the ground to the tips of the topmost branches when fully 
grown. Branches very slender, clothed with simple hairs. 
Leaves linear, about a quarter of an inch long, with a 
longitudinal, very narrow furrow on the under side. 
Pedicels scarcely as long as the flowers. Floivers white or 
pink. Calyx-lobes ovate, acute, one-twenty-fourth of an 
inch long. Corolla tubular-campanulate, about one-sixth 
of an inch long ; teeth obtuse, about a quarter the length 
of the tube. Stamens included ; anthers furnished with 
two hairy awns at the base. Style shortly exserted. — 


Fig. 1, a flower and its bracteolate pedicel ; 2, starneus ; 3, part of calyx and 
instil ; 4, cross section of an ovary :— all enlarged. 

80 w 

^can£Br«iksJ>aj'*Sa^ & *- 

I - Reeyie & C° London.. 

Tar. 8019. 

New Zealand. 

GesneracejK. Tribe Cyhtandke^e. 
Rjiabdothamxus, A. Gunn.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1011. 

Rhabdothamnus Solandri, A. Ounn. in Ann. Nat. Hist. vol. i. (1838), 
p. 460; Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. vol. i. p. 186 ; G. B. Clarke in DC. Monogr. 
JPhaner. vol. v. p. 166, t. 17; Ic. Sel. Hort. Then. vol. v. p. 57, t. 174 
(species unica). 

Frutex virgatus, debilis, ramosissimus, 1-3-pedalis, hispidulus, ramis 
gracillimis divaricatis. Fulia opposita, sa^pe disparia, petiolata, tenuia, 
ovalia vel orbicularia, maxima cum petiolo gracili circiter pollicaria, sed 
plerumqne minora, grosse dentata ; venae primaiiae ntrinque 3 vel 4, 
subtua elevatse, venis ultimis minute reticulatis. Flores axillai'es, 
Bolitarii, suberecti, circiter 1 poll, longi; pedicelli graciles, nunc quam 
flores paullo longiores, nunc breviores, nudi vel interdum bracteolis 
2 minntis medio instructi. Calyx ajqualiter 5-fidus, hispidulus; lobis 
lanceolatis acutis tubo longioribus. Corolla glabra, rubro-auiantiaca, 
longitudinaliter rubro-striata, infundibuliformis ; limbus circiter 1 poll, 
diametro, bilabiatus, labio postico minore emarginato, labio antico 
asqualiter 3-lobato, lobis omnibus rotundatis. Stamina 4, didynamia, 
longiora vix exserta. Ovarium superum, glabrum, 1-locnlare, stylo 
incluso; placenta: parietales, bifida?, multiovulata?. Capsula Crustacea, 
ovoidea, acuta, calycem persistentem paullo excedens, demum in valvas 4 
dehiscens. Semina minuta, lajvia, obscure striatula. — B. scabrosus, 
Steud. Nomencl. ed. 2, vol. ii. (1841), p. 443. 

Rhabdothamnus Solandri is the only representative of 
the Gesneracese inhabiting New Zealand, where it is ende- 
mic and confined to the Northern Island, ranging from 
the Bay of Islands southward to Wellington. Sir Joseph 
Hooker states that it was then (1854) in cultivation in 
England ; but we think he must have had the Australian 
closely allied Fieldia australis, A. Cunn. (B. M. t. 5089) 
in view, because we find no other record of its existence in 
gardens in the United Kingdom. 

Kew possesses a plant, purchased last year of Mr. 
Lemoine, nurseryman of Nancy; but, like many other 
plants at Kew, it suffered from the destructive fogs of 
the autumn and winter. In Mr. W. E. Gumbleton's 
garden at Belmore, Queenstown, Ireland, it has flourished, 
and we are indebted to him for materials for our figure. 
He obtained it from the same source as Kew, and kept it 
in a greenhouse, where it had been almost continuously in 
June 1st. 1905. 

flower from November to the end of January. The plant 
was then " growing strongly, and will probably flower on 
all the branchlets of this young growth during the summer 
and autumn." The individual flowers last for a week or 
ten days before falling. The plant has since fruited with 
Mr. Gumbleton. 

Descr. — A much-branched, hispid shrub, one to three 
feet high. Branches very slender, given off at right 
angles. Leaves opposite, often in unequal pairs, petiolate, 
thin, oval or orbicular, the largest, including slender 
petiole, about an inch long, coarsely toothed; ultimate 
veins finely reticulated. Floivers axillary, solitary, about 
an inch long; pedicels slender, about as long as the 
flowers. Calyx hispid, equally five-lobed ; lobes lanceolate, 
acute, longer than the tube. Corolla glabrous, orange, 
longitudinally striped with red ; limb two-lipped ; upper 
lip smaller, emarginate ; lower lip deeply three-lobed ; all 
the lobes rounded. Stamens four, the two longer ones 
scarcely exserted. Capsule ovoid, acute, slightly over- 
topping the persistent calyx. Seeds minute. — W. Botting 

Fig. 1, part of calyx and pistil; 2, corolla laid open; 3 and 4, front and 
back views of stamen ; 5, cross section of ovary ; 6, capsule from a dried 
specimen : — all except the last enlarged. 


T Ancen£Brool<sD ajriSorLLtMing 

L. Reeve &.C°Xondon. 

Tab. 8020. 
LYCASTE Locttsta. 


Orciiidace^. — Tribe Vande/E. 

Lycaste, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 547 ; Pfitzer in 
Engl. & Prantl Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 162. 

Lycaste Locusta, Reichb.f. in Gard. Ghron. 1879, vol. i. 524; Rolfe in Orcli. Rev. 
1898, p. 136 ; aff. L. costatse, Lindl., scapislougioribus, floribas omnino viri- 
dibus, sepalis petalisque angustioribus, et labelli apice fimbriate distincta. 

Herba epiphytica, circa 2 ped. alta. Pseudobulbi caespitosi, ovoideo-oblongi, 
subcompressi, 2A-4 ped. alti, monopbylli, vaginis membranaceis vestiti. 
Folia elongato-lanceolata, acuminata, longe petiolata, plicata, circa If 
ped. longa, 1^ poll, lata, viridia. Scapi circa 10-poll. alta, vaginis 
oblougo-lanceolatis acuminatis 15-18 lin. longis vestiti. Bracteiv 
oblongo-lanceolatse, acuminatee, If poll, longse. Pedicelli circa 1 poll, 
longi. Flores speciosi, virides, labello albo-marginato. Sepala circa 
2 poll, longa ; sepalum posticum lanceolato-ellipticum, subacutum vel 
apiculatum, concavum, circa 9 lin. latum ; sepala lateralia triangnlari- 
lanceolata, basi fere 1 poll. lata. Petala oblonga, subobtusa, If poll, 
longa, 5 lin. lata. Labellum trilobum, circa 2 poll, longum ; lobus inter- 
medins elliptico-oblongus, obtusus, valide fimbriates, fere 1 poll, latus ; 
lobi laterales triangulares, acuti, subfalcati, 3 poll, longi, margine integro ; 
crista obcordato-oblonga, margine elevata et crenulata, medio concava, 
carinis ad basin extensis. Columna clavata, arcuata, circa 1 poll, longa, 
apice angoste alata, basi in pedem curvatum extensa, cum sepalis 
lateralibus mentum latum obtusum formans; pollinarii glandula utrinque 
appendicula furcata ornata. 

The species of Lycaste having a fimbriate lip form a 
particularly difficult group, and have never been properly 
defined. A few of them, however, are very well known, 
and among these may be mentioned four which have 
been figured in the Botanical Magazine. The earliest is 
L. fulvescenSy Hook. (t. 4193), having rather narrow, buff- 
yellow segments. L. gigantea, Lindl. (t. 5616) has larger 
greenish sepals and petals, and a brick-red lip margined 
with deep yellow. L. costata^ Lindl., is figured under the 
name of L. Barringtonige var. grandijiora, Hook. f. (t. 5706), 
and has ivory-white flowers; while L. linguella, Reichb. f. 
(t. 6303) has rather greener flowers, and a less fimbriate 
lip than the preceding. The present one is remarkable 
for its dull green flowers, with a white fringe, which 
extends all round the front of the lip. It was originally 
described over twenty-five years ago, from a plant col- 
lected in Peru by Mr. Davis, in the service of Messrs. 
June 1st, 1905. 

James Veitch & Sons, who flowered it first at Chelsea, in 
1879, after which it appears to have been lost sight of. 
It was reintroduced from Peru by Messrs. F. Sander & 
Co., and flowered at Glasnevin in April, 1898, when it 
was identified. The plant figured was presented to Kew 
by Mr. F. W. Moore, A.L.S., Keeper of the Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Glasnevin, in 1903, and it flowered in the 
Temperate Orchid House in April of last year. 

Descr. — A tufted epiphyte about two feet high. Bulbs 
ovoid-oblong, somewhat compressed, about two and a half 
to four inches high, one-leaved, partially clothed with the 
persistent leaf-sheaths. Leaves elongate-lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, narrowed into a long petiole, plicate, about twenty- 
two inches long, one inch and a half broad, bright green. 
Scajyes about ten inches high, bearing oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate sheaths about fifteen to eighteen lines long. 
Bracts oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, one inch and three- 
quarters long. Pedicels over an inch long. Flowers large, 
dull green, with a white margin to the lip. Sepals about 
two inches long ; dorsal lanceolate-elliptical, subacute or 
apiculate, concave, about nine lines broad ; lateral trian- 
gular-lanceolate, nearly an inch broad at the base. Petals 
oblong, subobtuse, one inch and three-quarters long, five 
lines broad. Lip three-lobed, about two inches long; 
front lobe elliptical-oblong, obtuse, strongly fimbriate, 
nearly an inch broad ; side lobes triangular, acute, slightly 
falcate, three lines long, with entire margin; crest obcordate- 
oblong, with a crenulate, fleshy, raised margin, extending 
to the base as a pair of keels, concave in the centre. 
Column clavate, arcuate, over an inch long, narrowly 
winged at the apex; base prolonged into a curved foot 
three-quarters of an inch long, forming with the bases of 
the lateral sepals a broad, obtuse chin ; stipes of pollinia 
oblong ; gland bearing a slender, furcate appendage at each 
side. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, column ; 2 and 3, pollinarium, seen from front and back, and 
showing the lateral furcate appendages : — all enlarged. 


L J3*ev* 8c C° Lorukirv. 

Tab. 8021. 
BOWKER1A gebrardjana. 


Scropiiulartace^;. Tribe Cheloxe*. 
Bowkeria, Ilarv.; Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. [>. 937. 

Bowkeria gerrardiana, Harv. ex Hiern in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. vol. iv. 
2, p. 220 ; a B. iriphylla corolla? labio postico latissimo et filamentis basi 
crassioribus antieis breviter obtuseque calcaratis recedit. 

Frutex erectus, ratnosus, 8-10 ped. altns, ramalis subteretibus foliosis pilis 
cinereis tennibua sparse vestitis. Fulia ternatim verticillata, seasilia, char- 
tacea, elliptico- vel oblongo-lanceolata. 2-6 poll, longa, J-lf poll, lata, 
acuminata, serrulata, breviter puhescentia vA venis subtus exceptis glabra, 
subtus resinoso- punctata. Flores 3-10 in cymas axillares foliis breviores 
di^positi. Pedunculi 1-2 poll, lonpi, pubescentes, patentee. Pedirelli 
2i-7 lin. longi, sursum incrassati. Bractese et bracteolae ovato-lanceolatas 
vel lanceolate, circiter 2^ lin. longse, caduca*. Calyx J-J poll, longus, 
viscidus; sesrmenta ovata vel elliptica, inaaqaalia, saapissime acuta. 
Corolla 8-9 lin. longa, 6-8 lin. lata, urceolato-globosa, nitida, alba, intua 
minute rubro-punetata, extra viscida, subcoriacea; labium posticum sub- 
planum, 4|-6 lin. longum, 7-8 lin. latum, latissime bilobatum ; anticum 
brevius, ventricosum, trilobatum, lobis rotundatis circiter 2 lin. longis 
1^-2 lin. latis. Staminum filamenta basi curvata et incrassata, antica 
breviter obtuseque calcarata. Stylus 3 lin. longus, sursum leviter in- 
crassatus. Capsula oblonga, 4-5 lin. longa, nitidula, ssepe 3-locularis. — 
B. triphylla, Hort., non. Harv. ; De Wild. Ic. Sel. Hort. Then. vol. ii. 
p. 143, t. 74; Gard. Chron. 1904, vol. ii. p. 398, cum fig. 

Bowkeria is a. small genus of shrubby plants inhabiting 
tbe eastern region of Cape Colony, and extending northward 
to Natal and the Transvaal. Most nearly allied to Ixianthes 
and Scrophularia, the species resemble in habit, foliage and 
the shape of the flowers some of the shrubby Calceolarias. 
Of the five species known, that here figured is the only 
one in cultivation, assuming that none of the plants grown 
under the name of B. triphylla is correctly designated. 
Plants bearing this name have been cultivated in the 
Temperate House, Kew, for many years, but as yet no 
flowers have been produced, in the absence of which a 
satisfactory determination of the species cannot be 
attempted. In foliage B. gerrardiana and B. triphylla are 
practically identical. The latter is, however, easily dis- 
tinguished by the shape of the upper lip of the corolla, 
being very much narrower. The difference in the bases 
of the filaments is a less important character. 

Jchb 1st, 1905. 

The specimen from which the drawing was prepared 
was sent to Kew by Lord Walsingham, F.R.S., in Sep- 
tember, 1904. It was taken from a plant ten feet high, 
growing out of doors in the garden of Mrs. Gwytherne- 
Williams, St. Lawrence, Isle of Wight, under the name of 
B. triphylla. The flowers are said to have a peculiar faint 
odour, or, according to the Flora Capensis, are strongly 

Descr. — An erect, branched shrub eight to ten feet high, 
with subterete, leafy branches, thinly covered with grey, 
slender hairs. Leaves ternately verticillate, sessile, charta- 
ceous, elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate, two to six inches long, 
half an inch to about two inches broad, acuminate, serru- 
late, shortly pubescent or glabrous, except on the veins 
beneath, resin-dotted beneath. Inflorescence an axillary, 
dichasial, three- to ten-flowered cyme, shorter than the 
leaves. Pedimcles one to two inches long, shortly pubescent, 
spreading. Pedicels two and a half to seven lines long, 
thickened above. Bracts and bracteoles ovate-lanceolate 
or lanceolate, about two lines long, caducous. Calyx 
three to four lines long, viscid ; segments ovate or 
elliptic, unequal, mostly acute. Corolla eight to nine lines 
long, six to eight lines broad, urceolate-globose, shining- 
white, minutely red-dotted inside, viscid outside, somewhat 
leathery ; upper lip rather flat, four and a half to six lines 
long, seven to eight lines broad, very broadly two-lobed ; 
lower lip shorter, ventricose, three-lobed ; lobes rounded, 
about two lines long, one and a half to two lines broad. 
Filaments curved and thickened at the base, those of the 
lower stamens shortly and obtusely spurred. Style about 
three lines long, thickened at the apex. Capsule oblong, 
four to five lines long, shining, often three-celled. — S. A. 

Fig. 1, vertical section of the calyx, showing pistil ; 2, vertical section of 
the flower; 3 and 4, anthers; 5, transverse section of the ovarv :— all 


Vincent Brooks,!)^ S-SanLt 3 !™ 

IHmw &-C?T,oruloTV. 

Tab. 8022. 


North America. 

Composite. Tribe Senecioxidejs. 
Cacalia, Linn.x Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 449, sub Senecione ; 
Hoffm. in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. iv. 5, p. 296. 

Cacalia (§ Conophora) tuberosa, Nutt. Gen. Am. PI. vol. ii. p. 138 ; A. 
Synop. Ft. N. Am. vol. i. 2, p. 396 ; Chapm. Fl. Southern U.S. p. 224 ; ii 


species hujus affinitatis foliis crassissimis radicalibus ovalibus vel 
oblongis longiasime petiolatis conspicue costatis iusignis. 

Herba perennis, robusta, caulibus plnribus risque ad 6 ped. altis sed ssepius 
brevioribn?, glabra. Folia crassa, coriacea, ovata vel lanceolata, valide 
7- vel 5-costata, integra vel paucidentata, radicalia longisaime petiolatn, 
cum petiolo interdum bipedalia, caulina pauca, sursum gradatim minora. 
Capitula discoidea, numerosa, 5-flora, late coryrnbosa, peduncu'is sui>- 
nmbellatis gracilibus bracteis paticis parvis sparsis instructis. Involucri 
bractepe 5, oblongse, circiter semipollicares, obtusa?, erectse, doiso late 
alatae, herbaceae, virides, ad margines ac carinam scariosae, albas. Corolla 
pallide lutea ; tubus angustissimus apice inflatus ; lobi lineares, acuti. 
Antherse aurantiaca?. — Senecio Nuttallii, Sch. Bip. in Flora, vol. xxviii. 
p. 499 ; Mesadenia tuberosa, Britton in Britt. & Br. III. Fl. N. U. States 
& Canada, vol. iii. p. 474, f. 4031. 

Cacalia tuberosa is a very dis/ioct and striking plant, 
which one would not take to be a member of the Com- 
posite from its general aspect. The conspicuously winged 
bracts of the involucre give the flower-heads the appear- 
ance of the fruit of some of the Umbelliferm. It is a 
plant for wet places in the wild garden or mixed border 
among other big things, as its somewhat coarse habit 
disqualifies it for association with plants of graceful pro- 
portions. It has a hardy constitution, judging from its 
great latitudinal distribution, ranging, as it does, from the 
lake region of Canada southward to Florida and Texas. 
The wild specimens we have seen are all of much smaller 
dimensions than the cultivated one, for which we are 
indebted to W. E. Gumbleton, Esq. 

Descr. — A robust, perennial herb, glabrous in all parts. 
Stems several, as much as six feet high under cultivation, 
but usually much less than that in a wild state. Leaves 
thick, leathery, ovate or lanceolate, prominently seven- or 
five-ribbed longitudinally, entire or few-toothed; radical 
on very long stalks, including the stalks sometimes two 

July 1st, 1900. 

feet long; stem-leaves gradually smaller upwards. Flower- 
heads discoid, five- flowered, numerous, in broad, compound 
corymbs. Peduncles slender, subumbellate, furnished with 
a number of small, scale-like bracts. Involucral bracts 
five, oblong, about half an inch long, erect, with a broad 
wing running down the back, herbaceous, green ; margins 
Boarious and wing white. Corolla pale yellow. Anthers 
orange. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, section of leaf-stalk ; 2, a flower-head ; 3, a cross section of the 
same showing the strongly winged involucral bracts ; 4, receptacle and two 
bracts; 5, a flower; 6, a pappus-bristle; 7, anthers : — all enlarged. 


VS. del J.N.Fitchhlh 

"VincenlBcooks Day&SojvLtS-imp 

L Efifive &_C°I,anaa^ 

Tab. 8023. 

PERNETTYA mucronata 
(Varietates diversse). 

South Chili and Patagonia. 

Ericaceae. Tribe AndromedEjH. 
Pehnettya, Gaud. ; Benih. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 582. 

Pernettya mucronata, Gaud, in Ann. Sc. Nat. vol. v. p. 102, in nota; 
Homhr. et Jacq. Voy. au Pole Sud, Bot. Phaner. Dicot. t. 22 ; Hook.f. Ft. 
Antarct. vol. ii. p. '626; Gay, Ft.. Chil. vol. iv. p. 354; species variabilis 
adhuc male circumscripta foliis ovatis vel lanceolatis rigide spinoso- 

Frutex sempervirens, ramosissimus, procumbens vel ascendens, cito glabres- 
cens, ramis rigidis. Folia alterna, conferta, crassa, coriacea, oblongo- 
lanceolata, 3-9 lin. longa, margine recurva, paucidentata. Flores 
axillares, solitarii, pedunculati, circiter 3 lin. longi; peduncnli quam folia 
breviores, reeurvi, infra medium bracteolis 2-4 squamiformibua instructi, 
puberuli. Calyx alte 5-fidus, segmentis ovatis acutis. Corolla alba, 
sagpe roseo tincta, urceolata, 5-dentata, dentibus recurvis. Stamina 
10, inclusa ; filamenta minute puberula, ima basi dilatata ; antherarum 
loculi apice breviter biaristati. Ovarmm snperum, 5-loculare, loculis 
multiovulatis. Bacca globosa, polvsperma. Semina minuta, compressa, 
angulata. — Arbutus mucronatus, Linn. f. ; Bot. Mag. t. 3093 (flores 

Pernettya mucronata was originally raised from seeds 
sent home by John Anderson to the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden, where it flowered for the first time in May, 1830. 
Ten years later P. angustifolia, Lindl. (B. M. t. 3889) 
flowered in the same garden. With regard to the specific 
limits of the Chilian Pernettyse, authors have taken very 
different views. The forms are numerous, and the late 
Dr. Philippi and others described many of them as species. 
On the other hand, some botanists and horticulturists 
regard P. mucronata and P. angustifolia as mere varieties. 
But, judging from the type of the latter in the Kew 
Herbarium, they seem specifically distinct. P. mucro- 
nata, as we understand it, is itself very variable in 
stature, in the size and shape of the leaves, as well as in 
other characters. It will probably be found to inhabit a 
different area from that of P. angustifolia, though the two 
may overlap to some extent. P. mucronata is essentially 
a southern species, being very common from the {Straits 
of Magellan to Cape Horn, and Sir Joseph Hooker 

July 1st, 1905. 

collected it largely in Hermite Island, in nearly 56° S. lat. 
Specimens from more northern localities referred to this 
species require confirmation or verification. 

P. angustifolia, Lindl., was first recorded from Valdivia 
(about 40° S. lat.), and there are several wild specimens 
in the Kew Herbarium from the same locality. It was 
in cultivation at Kew between 1843 and 1853, as specimens 
dried by A. Williamson attest; but it disappeared many- 
years ago, having probably been killed by frost. In 1902 
H. J. Elwes, Esq., F.R.S., presented seed to Kew collected 
by himself at Ensenada, Lake Llanquihue, in about 
41° 30' S. lat., from which a fresh stock has been raised. 

In a circular, issued about twenty-five years ago, Mr. 
L. T. Davis, of Hillsborough, County Down, Ireland, 
states that he commenced some thirty years previously 
raising seedlings from " P. angustifolia, the hardiest and 
best, free-fruiting variety of P. mucronata then in cultiva- 
tion." From all the evidence before us, there is little 
doubt that this was a narrow-leaved variety of the 
genuine P. mucronata, and not the P. angustifolia, Lindl. 
At all events the plant commonly cultivated at the 
present time under the name of angustifolia, is certainly 
P. mucronata. 

Under cultivation every part of a plant is liable to 
variation, and this may be intensified by continued 
selection. In the case of vegetables grown for the table 
the root, the stem, the foliage, the inflorescence and the 
fruit have been in turn moulded to the demand of the 
cultivator. With decorative plants grown for the gratifi- 
cation of the eye and not of the palate, form and colour 
in the flowers and foliage have been the objects aimed at. 
It is singular that Pemettya mucronata is, perhaps, the 
only case at present in which the possibilities of colour- 
vn nations in the fruit have been worked upon. Some of 
the results are indicated in the accompanying plate. 
There is, perhaps, nothing to put beside them except the 
not uncommon cases in which under cultivation plants 
with red fruits sport to yellow as in Ilex, Coffea, Crataegus 
and Sola num. 

Descr. — An evergreen, much-branched shrub, one to 
four feet high under cultivation, young parts soon be- 
coming glabrous. Branches thin, rigid. Lea rex alternate, 

crowded, thick, rigid, oblong-lanceolate, three to nine 
lines long, margin recurved, toothed, sharply spine-tipped. 
Flowers solitary, axillary, about three lines long ; stalks 
shorter than the leaves, furnished with two to four scale- 
like bracteoles. Calyx five-toothed ; teeth ovate, acute. 
Corolla white, tinged with rose, urceolate, five-toothed ; 
teeth recurved. Stamens ten, included ; anthers two- 
awned at the tip. Fruit baccate, globose, about half an 
inch in diameter, many-seeded, pink, red, purple or 
white. Seeds very small, flattened, angular. — W. Botting 

Fig. 1, a flower; 2, a stamen ; 3, a pistil : — all enlarged. 


It S .del. J.N.Filch.Iitk 

"\5ncsntBr o ol<s fl ay& Son Lt^Erap 

L Reeve <5c C °Iondcn. 

Tab. 8024. 
British Central Africa. 

Labiate. Tribe Ocimoide^. 

Coleus, Lour.; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1176; Engl $ 

Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. iv. 3 A, p. 359. 

Coleus shirensis, Giirke in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xix. p. 216; Baker in Thiselton- 
Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. v. p. 443; exaffinitate G. thyrsoidei, Baker, a quo 
folns simphciter dentatis cymis sessilibus et calyce 4-lobo differt. 

Herba perennis, radice fibrosa, 2|-3 ped. alta, raraosa, glanduloso-pubernla et 
villosa, caule demum glabro verrucoso. Rami acute quadranguli, virentes, 
purpureo-maculati, demurn obtuse-angulati et pallide brunnei. Folia 
longe petiolata, ovata, acuta, basi subtruncata vel subcordata, ad 
petiolum breviter cutieato-decurrentia, crenato-dentata, rugosa, utrioque 
minute puberula. Panindze spiciformes, £-1 ped. longse, terminales, 
verticillastris vel cymis 10-20 compositae, glanduloso-puberulse et villosre. 
Pedicelli 2-6 lin. longi. Calyx insequalifcer 4-lobus ; lobi majores 
subsequales, divergentes, 1\ lin. longi, fere 1 lin. lati, oblongi, superiore 
obtuso, inferiore acute bifido ; lobi minores § lin. longi, J lin. lati, lineari- 
oblongi, obtusi, omnes in fructu conniventes, accrescentes. Gorolla 9 
lin. longa, violaceo-coerulea ; tubus abrupte deflexus, compressus, apice 
dilatatus, intra ad flexuram membrana clausus ; labium superius sub- 
quadratum, inaequaliter 4-lobum; labium inferius compresso-cymbiforme, 
acutum. Stamina corollas subaaqualia ; filamenta supra inserfcionem ad 
tertiam partem connata. Stylus demum corollam breviter excedens. 

This fine species of Coleus is allied to the handsome 
C. thyrsoideus (B. M. t. 7672), differing in its simply 
toothed leaves, sessile cymes, the 4-lobed calyx, and the 
darker blue colour of its flowers. It was sent to Kew in 
1902 by Mr. J. McClounie from Zomba, in British 
Central Africa, a region that appears to be comparatively 
rich in species of this and the allied genus Plectrantlms, 
some of them being quite as ornamental as the present 
one. As grown at Kew, Coleus shirensis becomes a fine 
bushy plant about three feet high, each branch ending in 
a long, spike-like panicle of dark blue flowers, and during 
the present year has lasted in flower from February to 
April. It requires the same treatment as other species of 
the genus. 

Descr.—A fibrous-rooted, branching herb about three feet 
high. Branches at first sharply four-angled, glandular and 
hairy, pale green, spotted with purple, becoming glabrous, 
obtusely angular, verrucose at the spots, and pale brown 

July 1st, 1905. 

in colour. Leaves spreading ; petiole one to two inches 
and a half long, glandular and hairy ; blade two to four 
inches and a half long, about two to three inches and a 
half broad, ovate, acute, subtruncate or subcordate at the 
base, and shortly decurrent on the petiole, regularly 
obtusely dentate; veins impressed above and prominent 
beneath, minutely puberulous beneath, and very in- 
distinctly so on the upper surface, bright green, paler 
beneath. Panicle terminal, spike-like, six inches to a 
foot long, one and a half to two and a half inches 
in diameter, composed of from ten to twenty or more 
verticils which develop into dichotomous cymes bearing 
ten to fifteen pedicellate flowers ; lowest pair of cymes 
usually pedunculate and the rest sessile, glandular, and 
hairy. Pedicels two to six lines long. Calyx hairy, four- 
lobed ; upper and lower lobes subequal, about a line long 
and broad, divergent, oblong, the upper obtuse, the lower 
shortly and acutely bifid ; lateral lobes two-thirds of a line 
long, quarter of a line broad, linear-oblong, obtuse ; after 
flowering the lobes close together and enlarge. Gorulla 
three-quarters of an inch long, thinly glandular-puberulous, 
with a few longer hairs on the upper and lower lips and 
underside of the tube, which is abruptly bent upon itself 
at the middle, dilated beyond the bend, compressed, nearly 
closed inside at the bend by a membrane, white, stained 
with dark blue; upper lips subquadrate, unequally four- 
lobed ; lower lips five lines long, three lines deep, com- 
pressed-boat-shaped, acute, deep blue. Stamens about 
equalling the lower lip ; filaments connate at the base, 
white, with blue tips; anthers oblong, violet. Style 
shortly exceeding the corolla, filiform, glabrous, deep 
orange at the very base, blue at the apex. Disk with a 
large, oblong gland on the lower side.— N. E. Brown. 

Fig. 1, calyx and pistil ; 2, a corolla laid open ; 3 and 4, anthers ; 5, ovary 
aud disk :— all enlarged. 



^finces it Brooks Day & SanXtS-Enp 

LReere &.C?LoruLan. 

Tab. 8025. 

Syria and Arabia. 

Liliace^:. Tribe Colchice^;. 

Colchicum, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 821 ; Engl. & 
Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 5, p. 29. 

Colchicum Steveni, Kunth, Enum. PI. vol. iv. p. 144, excl. syn. ; Baker in 
Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 433; Boiss. PI. Orient, vol. v. p. 165; 
species G. montano, Liim., affinis, antheris luteia oblongo-linearibus 

Cormus ovoideus, 1 poll, longus, tunicis brunneis, Isevis, collo brevi. Folia 
synanthia, anguste linearia, 3 lin. lata, floribus tequilonga. Flores 3-10 
fasciculate. Perianthii tubus cylindricus, 2^ poll, longus, albas; seg- 
nienta anguste elliptica, obtusa, 9 lin. longa, 4 lin. lata, 7-10-nervia, 
dilute roseo-lilacina demum fere alba. Stamina perianthii segmentis 
multo breviora ; filatnenta 6 lin. longa, basi incrassata lutea, supra 
subalata, alba ; antheras lineari-ellipticas, luteaa. Styli rami lineares, albi, 
staminibus sequilongi. — C. jpolyphyllum, Boiss. et Heldr. Diagn. PI. Nov. 
series 2, n. iv. p. 121. 

Although this charming species was described as long 
ago as 1843, it appears not to have been brought into 
cultivation until quite recently. The plants figured were 
raised from corms purchased from Mr. G. Bgger, of Jaffa, 
in 1904, and flowered in an unheated greenhouse at Kew 
in January of the present year. G. Steveni belongs to 
that comparatively small section of the genus characterized 
by the leaves and flowers being produced at the same 
time, and the perianth not being tessellated. It is very 
closely allied to C. montanum, Linn. (B. M. t. 6443), with 
which it has sometimes been confused, but from which it is 
chiefly distinguished by having yellow, not brownish-purple 
anthers. By a similar character it differs from C. Ber- 
tolonii, Stev. (Beichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. vol. x. t. 424), as well 
as by the apical sheath of the corm being usually less 
produced. 0. Steveni grows along the coast region of 
Syria and extends into Arabia, while specimens doubtfully 
referred to it have been collected in Persia. 

Descr. — Corm ovoid, one inch long; tunics brown, 
smooth, produced into a short neck. Leaves appearing 
with, and about as long as, the flowers, narrowly linear, 
three lines wide. Flowers three to ten in a fascicle. 
Perianth-tube cylindrical, two and a half inches long, 

July 1st, 1905. 

white; lobes narrowly elliptical, obtuse, nine lines long 
four lines wide, seven- to ten-nerved, pale rosy lilac, be- 
coming nearly white. Stamens much shorter than the 
perianth-segments ; filaments thickened and yellow at the 
base, subulate and white above ; anthers linear-elliptic, 
yellow, Style-branches linear, white, as long as the 
stamens. — C. H. Weight. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers -.—enlarged. 



Vincent BrooVs Day a_Sontt£ Ira? 

L Reeve & C ". I. ondon. 

Tab. 8026. 

West Tropical Africa. 

OrchidacE/K. Tribe Vande^e. 

Listrostachys, Reichb. f. in Bot. Zeit. 1852, p. 930 ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. 

Plant, vol. iii. p. 583, sub Angraeco. 

L. Monteirae, Reichb. f. in Linnsea, vol. xli. p. 76 ; Rolfe in Thiselton- 
I)yer Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. vii. p. 156 ; inter species affines foliis latis, 
racemis foliis saepissime longioribus et calcare erecto subcurvato distincta. 

Herba epiphytica, robusta, 1-2 ped. alta. Caules erecti, subcompressi. 
Folia oblonga vel obovato-oblonga, subobliqae biloba, obtusa, basi sub- 
cuneata, 5-8 poll, longa, 1^-2 poll, lata, coriacea. Racemi erecti, ^-1 
ped. longi, multiflori. Bractese late ovataa, subobtusaa, cucullatre, 3-4 
poll. loDgaa. Pedicelli 6-9 lin. longi. Flores flavido-albi, calcare basi 
virescente apice ochraceo. Sepa?a arete recurva, basi lata, dein aenmi- 
natissima, 5-6 lin. longa. Petala sepalis subsimilia, minora. Labellum 
4-5 lin. longum, basi late ovatum, cucnllatum, dein acuminatum, recur- 
vum; calcar erectum, latum, plus minusve curvatum, 1^-2 poll, longum. 
Columna latissima, 1 lin. longa, apice rostrata, acuminata, decurva; 
pollinarii stipites 2, graciles ; glandula lineari-oblonga, apice recurva, 
apiculata. — Angrsecum aniennatum, Kranzl. in Engl. Jahrb. vol. xvii. 
p. 61. 

Listrostachys bidens, Rolfe, was figured in a recent 
issue of the Botanical Magazine (t. 8014), where some 
remarks appear on the genus and on the three other 
species previously figured. L. Monteirx, Reichb. f., though 
strikingly different in appearance, agrees in the structure 
of the very characteristic pollinarium which led to its 
original separation from Angrsecum. In other respects the 
genus is rather polymorphic. Out of about sixty species 
over fifty are continental, and the remainder Mascarene, 
so that the genus is essentially African. It is also typically 
western, as four-fifths of the continental species are only 
known from West Africa, the remainder being East 
African, with a single outlying species (L. arcuata, 
Reichb. f.) in extra-tropical South-east Africa. This is 
occasionally met with in cultivation, and it may be added 
that about a third of the species have appeared in gardens 
at different times. 

Listrostachys Monteirse is a common West African 
species, which was originally described from dried 
specimens collected at Bembi in Angola by Mrs. Monteiro, 

July 1st, 1905. 

and lias since been found in the Cameroons, Lagos and 
adjacent territory. It was introduced into cultivation by 
Messrs. F. Sander & Co., who flowered it in March, 1892. 
The plant figured was sent to Kew in 1900 by Mr. J. H. 
Holland, then Curator of the Botanic Garden at Old 
Calabar. It flowers annually in the Tropical Orchid 

Descr. — A stout, erect epiphyte, one to two feet high, 
bearing stoutish roots towards the base. Stems somewhat 
compressed. Leaves oblong or obovate-oblong, obliquely 
bilobed and obtuse, cuneate towards the base, five to eight 
inches long by one and a half to two inches broad, 
coriaceous and dark green. Racemes erect, six to twelve 
inches long, many-flowered. Bracts broadly ovate, obtuse, 
cucullate, three to four lines long. Pedicels six to nine 
lines long. Flowers yellowish white; upper part of spur 
ochreous, base light green. Sepals strongly recurved, 
very acuminate from a broad base, five to six lines long. 
Petals rather smaller than the sepals, but otherwise similar. 
Lip broadly ovate, cucullate at the base, thence acuminate, 
recurved, four to five lines long ; spur erect, stout, more 
or less curved, one and a half to two inches long. Column 
very stout, about a line long, with an acuminate, curved 
beak; stipites of pollinarium two, slender, attached to 
a linear-oblong gland, apex recurved, apiculate— R. A. 


<\ HZi 1 ' 7 coln ™ n ; 2 > anther case; 3, pollinarium ; 4, entire plant :— 1, 2 and 
6 much enlarged ; 4 much reduced. 


MS dd.J.N.Htchlith. 

^foicent Broril<K J)ay &S<mXt!? Imp 

XTlfiave & C?iandcm. 

Tab. 8027. 


Western China and Tibet. 


Mecoxopsis, Tiff. ; BeniH. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 52. 

Meconopsis integrifolia, Franch. in Bull. Sor. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxtii. (1886), 
p. 389 ; Maxim. Fl. Tangut. p. 35, t. 9, ff. 7-12, t. 23, ff. 22-25, non Bulley 
%n Flora & Sijlva, vol. iii. (1905), p. 80 cum icone colorata ; Gard. Ohron. 
1904, vol. v. p. 240 cam icone nigra ; Le Jardin, 1904, p. 328 ; inter species 
caulibns pluritloris, columna styJari nulla et norum colore insignia. 

Herha seepius^ robusta, monocarpica, £-3 ped. alta, primum tota pilia sericeis 
longissimis rubiginosis fulvesceutibus vel albidis plerumque vestita, 
demutn pro parte glabrescens, srepius 8-12-nora. Caidis validus, pluri- 
sulcatus, ramis vel peduncnlis ac foliis caulinis in pseudoverticilla diH- 
positis. Folia, radicalia numerosissima, confertissima, pro maxima parte 
lineari-lanceolata, usqne ad pedein longa, sed srepius dimidio breviora, 
caulina similia, sursum gradatim minor i, infima minora, ovato-spathulata. 
Pedunculi quam folia longiores, unitiori, pilin deflexis ornati. Ft ores flavi, 
scepius 5-6 poll., interdum usque ad 10 poll., diametro, erecti, iU Pseoniie 
specierum nonnullarum similes, diuturni. Sepala ovata, caducissima. 
Petala ssepius 5-10, orbiculari-obovata, plus minnsve incnrva. Stamina. 
innumera. Capsula oblonga, 1-1$ poll, longa, 5-8-costata, glabrescens, 
stigmatibus 5-8 lamelliformibus coronata, valvis totidem brevibus recurvis 
persistentibus dehiscens. Semina oblonga vel subreniformia, circiter 
lineam longa, testa conspicue reticulata. — Cathcartia integrifolia, Maxim, 
in Mel Biol. vol. ix. p. 713. 

Tin's striking plant was first discovered by the celebrated 
Russian traveller, Przewalski, in 1872-73, in the extreme 
north-west of the Province of Kansuh, and he subsequently 
collected it in several different localities in the same region. 
Potanin also collected it in Kansuhj in 1885. In 1887 it 
was collected by Delavay in the Snowy Range of Likiang, 
Yunnan, at an altitude of 13,000 feet ; and in 1890 Mr. 
A. B. Pratt obtained very fine specimens in the neighbour- 
hood of Tachienlu. Its first appearance in European 
gardens seems to have been due to the Abbe Farges, 
who sent seeds to Mr. Maurice L. de Vilmorin in 1895, 
with whom it flowered in 1897 ; but it produced no seed, 
and was consequently lost to cultivation. 

In 1903 Messrs. James Veitch & Sons sent Mr. E. H. 

Wilson on a second journey to China, one of the principal 

objects being to collect seeds of Meconopsis integrifolia. 

He " found it in millions " in the mountains west of 

August 1st, 1905. 

Tachienlu, at elevations of 11,000 to 15,500 feet ; never 
lower. As might be expected, it is perfectly hardy in the 
open ground, but, what was less to be expected, it flourishes 
and flowers freely without any special treatment. Whether 
it will seed, time will prove. Under the most favourable 
conditions, in a wild state, Mr. Wilson observed plants 
about three feet high, bearing as many as eighteen flowers, 
Avhilst at its greatest altitudinal limit it is reduced to a 
rosette of leaves with one flower nestling in the centre. 

The plant figured in " Flora and Sylva " differs in 
having the more open flowers borne singly on stalks 
arising from the rosettes of leaves, and in the stigmas 
being borne on an elongated style-column. The specimen 
collected in the Gooring Valley, at an elevation of about 
10,500 feet, by Mr. and Mrs. Littledale, and referred by 
me (Jonrn. Linn. Soc. vol. xxxv. p. 1G4) to M. integrifolia, 
certainly does not belong to that species, as it has an 
elongated style-column. 

Descr. — A robust biennial, usually one foot and a half 
to three feet high, densely clothed with long, silky hairs 
varying in colour, but usually yellowish brown. Stem 
stout ; branches and peduncles in whorls. Leaves numerous, 
mostly linear-lanceolate, six inches to a foot long, shorter 
on the stem. Peduncles longer than the leaves, one- 
flowered, clothed with reversed hairs. Flowers yellow, 
usually five to six inches in diameter, sometimes as much 
as ten. Sepals ovate, falling at the opening of the flower. 
Petals five to ten, orbicular-obovate, more or less incurved. 
Stamens exceedingly numerous. Capsule oblong, one 
inch to one and a half long, longitudinally five- to eight- 
ribbed, crowned by the same number of sessile, stigmatic 
plates, and opening by as many short, recurved, persistent 
valves. Seeds oblong, or nearly reniform, about a line 
long, with a prominently netted surface. — W. Botting 

Pig, 1, a stamen; 2, a pistil : — both enlarged; 3, a capsule: — natural size; 
I, a plant : — about one-fifth of natural size. 


M • U 


L Reeve &_C° LaniLan. 

Tab. 8028. 
TETRATHEOA thymifolia. 
East Australia. 


Tjstkatheca, 8m. ; Benth. et Hoole.f. Gen. Plant. vol. i. p. 134. 

Tetratheca thymifolia, Sm. Exot. Bot. vol. i. p. 41, t. 22; Benth. Fl. 
Austral, vol. i. p. 130; ex affinitate T. eiliatse, a qua sepalis lanceo- 
latis acuminatioribus differt. 

Fruticulus erectus, pubescens, ramosissimus, 1-1J ped. altus, ramis teretibus 
gracihbus. Folia 3-4-natim verticillata, ovato-elljptica vel lanceolata, 
acuta, margimbus recurva, 4 lin. longa, 1-2 lin. lata. Peduncidi quam 
folia longiores. Flores 4-meri. Sepala ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, 
valde pilosa, fere H lin. longa. Petala obovata, ante antbesin stamina 
gennna includentia, 4 lin. longa. Antherx 2-seriatirn 4-loculares ; tubus 
brevis. Stylus integer, dimidio inferiore pilosus. Ovarium pubescens ; 
ovula in quoque loculo 2, superposita. 

The Tremandraceae, now for the first time represented 
in this Magazine, are a purely Australian order. 

Tetrathecas are among the oldest of the one-time 
favourite " INT ew Holland " plants, some of them having 
been introduced into cultivation a century ago. There are 
twenty-one species, most of them worth growing. The 
best known, T. erieifolia, T. hirsute, and T. pilosa, like most 
of the genus, have drooping flowers, and are none the less 
beautiful on that account. T. thymifolia, even in dull 
weather, bears its flowers erect with the purple anthers 
exposed to view. 

The order comprises only two other genera, namely, 
Flatytheca, which has one representative, the elegant 
/ . galioides, and Tremandra, a genus of two species. 

Descr. — A much-branched, pubescent undershrub, with 
slender, erect, terete stems, one foot to one and a half 
high. Leaves verticillate in threes or fours, ovate-elliptic 
or lanceolate, acute, with recurved margins, about four 
lines long by one to two lines broad. " Pedicels longer 
than the leaves. Flowers tetramerous. Sepals ovate- 
lanceolate, acuminate, very hairy, nearly one line and a 
half long. I'etals obovate, four lines long, each enfolding 
a pair of anthers when in bud. Anthers four-celled, with 
August 1st, 1905. 

two of the cells in front of the two others; anther-tube 
short. Style entire, pilose on the lower half. Ovary 
pubescent, with two superposed ovules in each cell. — 
L. Faemae. 

Pig. 1, a leaf; 2, a flower from which the petals have been removed ; 3 and 
4, front and back views of stamen; •"-. pistil; 6. vertical section of ovary; 
7, ovnles, with appendage at chalazal end : — all enlarged. 


NLS.dfil J. 


L Reeve 8LC a XccrLd-m. 

Tab. 8029. 

East Tropical Africa. 

Geraxiace/k. Tribe Balsamine.b. 
Impatikxs, Linn.; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 277. 

Impatiens Holstii, Engl, et Wwrb. in Engl. Pflanzento. Ost-Afr. C. p. 254; 
Bull. Soc. Tosc. Oft. 1904, p. 339, f. 23'; species ex affinitate I. Sultani 
(B. M. t. 6643), a qua foliis latioribus et iioribus majoribus vere 
miniatis differt. 

Fruiex subcarnosus, 2-3 ped. altus fere nndique glaber, ramis rubro-striatis. 
Folia alterna, longe petiolata, ovata vel superiora lanceolata, cum 
petiolo stepins 3-4 poll, longa, acuta, crenata, inter crenas unisetosa, 
utrinque pracipue secus costam venasque parcissime puberula, venis 
primariis lateralibu? utrinque circiter 7 sat conspicuis. Flares axillares, 
solitarii vel pedunculis interdum bifloris, lA-lf poll, diametro, plani ; 
pedunculi quam folia breviores. Sepala 3, lateralia lineari-acuta, 
circiter lineam longa. Sepahim calcaratum limbo ovato apiculato, 
calcare tenui 1^-lf poll, longo. Vexillum late obcordatum, dorso cari- 
natura. Petala lateralia fere bipartita ; segmenta oblique obovato- 
spathulata, rotinidata. Capsula ignota. 

Impatiens Holstii was purchased for Kew in 1894. It 
is a native of Usambara and Kilimandjaro, growing on the 
banks of streams in the tropical forest at altitudes of 2,500 
to 5,000 feet. Very similar to I. Sultani, it bids fair to 
surpass that species, both in habit and the brilliancy of 
its flowers, which are produced almost continuously. 
Several of the African species are very ornamental, and 
have improved greatly under cultivation. /. Oliveri (B. M. 
t. 7960) is a remarkable instance. Last season it suc- 
ceeded very well in the open border, attaining considerable 
dimensions, and as a greenhouse plant it is invaluable, 
requiring little care. In the spring of the present year 
there was at Kew a plant, twelve months old from a 
cutting, four feet high and twelve feet in circumference, 
bearing about thirty clusters of flowers at one time. The 
largest flowers were almost three inches in diameter, and 
both in colour and shape strongly resemble those of 
Miltonia vexillaria. 

The purple, oblong, very small, reticulated pollen- 
grains of /. Holstii are very beautiful under a microscope. 
Their dimensions are about '0018 x '0008 of an inch. 

August 1st, 1905. 

Descr. — A fleshy shrub or herb, almost glabrous in all 
parts, two to three feet high. Branches striped with red. 
Leaves alternate, long-stalked, ovate or the upper ones 
lanceolate, mostly three to four inches long, acute, crenate, 
with a solitary bristle between the crenatures, both sur- 
faces, especially on the midrib and primary veins, 
furnished with a few scurf-like hairs ; primary lateral 
veins about three on each side of the midrib. Floivers 
pure scarlet, axillary, solitary, or rarely two on a common 
stalk, largest one inch and three quarters across, flat. 
Stalks shorter than the leaves. Sepals three; lateral 
small, scale-like. Spurred sepal having an ovate, apiculate 
limb; spur slender, about an inch and a half long. 
Standard or odd petal broadly obcordate. Lateral petals 
deeply divided into two, nearly equal, obliquely obovate- 
spathulate, rounded lobes. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, portion of leaf, upper surface; 2, a flower-l»ud; 3, anthers from a 
bud; 4, the same from an expanded flower: — all enlarged. 




L.Pteeve & C?Laruixm. 

Tab. 8030. 


Labiates. Tribe OciMOIDSjc. tran'thus, L'HSrit.f Benth. el Hooik.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1175 ; Engler 
& Prantl, Pflanzenfam. vol. iv. 3 A, p. 352. 

Plectranthus crassus, N. E. Br. (sp. nov.) Gavel. Ghron. 1904, vol. i. p. 21, 
sine descriptione apta ; ox affinitate P. albocferulei, a qua can le minute 
velutinofoliis basi late cuneatis et spicis multo maioribus differ t. 

Jferha 2|-3-peclali«. vadice fibrosa. Caules obscure tetragoni, minute velutini, 
brunnei. Folii petiolus .}-§ poll, longns; lamina 2-3f poll, longa, 
lj— 2^ poll, lata, ovata, obtuse acuta, basi acute cnneata, supra minutis- 
sime appresse pnbescentia, subtus reticulato-venosa, minutissime tomen- 
toso-pnberula. Inflorescentia terminals, spiciformis, 5-8 poll, longa. 
simplex vel basi ramosa, verticillis subconfertis sessilibns 8-28-lloris. 
Pedicelli 1 lin. longi, pubernli, gland ulosi. Calyx 1A-2 lin. longus, 
subreqnaliter 5-lobus, antice profunde fissus, pubescens et glandulosns ; 
lobi snbulati, acntissimi. Corolla csernlea ; tubus decurvus, compressus ; 
labium superins in lobos 2 subquadratos divisum, basi lobulis parvis 
instructum, dorso pubescens ; labium infemm 3 lin. longum, cymbitorme, 
obtusum, pubescens. Stamina 2 lin. longa, glabra; filaments, cserulea; 
antheras insca?. Discus albidus, lobo magno antico. Stylus staminibus 
subseqnilongus, glaber, casruleus. 

The handsome stove herbaceous plant here figured was 
discovered in Nyasaland by Mr. John Mahon, who sent it 
in 1899 to Kew, where it has flowered regularly during 
the winter months since 1902, forming a useful decorative 
plant at that season of the year, and may be regarded as 
a companion plant to Golens shirensis figured in this 
Magazine (t. 8024). Plectranthus crassus requires the 
same kind of stove treatment. 

Descr. — An herbaceous plant, two and a half to three 
feet high, puberulous and glandular in nearly all parts. 
Stem rather obscurely four-angled, pale brown. Leaves 
spreading- ; petiole about one-third of an inch long ; blade 
two to four inches long, one to two inches and a half 
broad, ovate, obtusely acute, cuneate at the base, minutely 
pubescent on the light green upper surface, veins closely 
reticulate on the under surface. Inflorescence terminal, 
simple or branched at the base, spike-like, five to eight 
inches long, about one inch and a half in diameter, 

August 1st, 1905. 

Verticils twelve to twenty, rather crowded, sessile, eight- 
to twenty-eight-flowered. Bracts very deciduous, a quarter 
to two-thirds of an inch long, a sixth to a third of an inch 
broad, broadly ovate, acute, mucronate, very concave, 
ciliate. Pedicels about one line long, puberulous and 
glandular. Calyx one and a half to two lines long, 
pubescent, with spreading hairs intermingled with indigo- 
coloured glands, lobed nearly to the base in front; dorsal 
lobe two-thirds of an inch broad, lateral lobes two-fifths 
of an inch broad at the base, all tapering to a very acute 
point, dull brownish-purple. Corolla light blue, hairy on 
the back of the upper and lower lips with purple hairs, 
and with a few white hairs on the underside of the tube, 
which is one-third of an inch long, bent downwards at its 
exsertion from the calyx ; upper lip a line and a half 
long, two and a half lines broad, deeply divided into two 
subquadrate lobes with a small rounded lobule at their 
base; lower lip three lines long, about a line and a half 
broad, oblong, obtuse, rather shallowly boat-shaped, about 
three-quarters of a line deep. Stamens two lines long, 
glabrous; filaments blue; anthers blackish, with yellow 
pollen. Style as long as the stamens, glabrous, blue ; 
stigmas subulate, very acute. Disk with a large lobe on 
the lower side, white. — 1ST. E. Brown. 

Figs. 1 and 2, flowers ; 3, calyx laid open,~exposing ovary ; 4, a hair ; 
■">, corolla in section; 6 and 7, anthers ; 8, apex of style with stigmas : — all 



Vincent Brooks Day & So.nLt a Irr5) 

X..R*evie &.C XanSnn.. 

Tab. 8031. 


OllCHIDAGE/E. — Tribe VaNDE,E. 

Odonioglossttm, H. 7?. et K. ; Benili. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iif . p. 561 ; 
Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl, Pjlanzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 197. 

Odontoglossum ramulosutn, Lindl. Pol. Orch. Odont. p. 13 ; Reichb. f. in 
Bonplandia, 1855, p. 66 ; species sectionis Myanthium, Lindl., et ex 
afBnitate O. ixioidis, a qua paniculis amplioribus, floribus divarieatis, 
et pedicellis bracteis multo longioribus differt. 

Herba epiphytica, rbizomate valido lignoso. Pseudobulbi ovoideo-oblongi, 
subcompressi, circa 3 poll, longi, apice diphylli, basi circa 0-phylli. 
Folia lignlata, subacuta, arcuatu, cii'ca 8-12 poll, longa, 9 lin. lata. 
Scapus axillaris, 2|-3 ped. altus, paniculatus, multiflorus. Bractese 
ovato-oblougje, acuta?, concavas, circa 2 lin. longae. Pedicelli 6-9 lin. 
longi. Flores aurei brunneo-maculati, crista labelli aurantiaca. Sepala 
spathnlato-oblonga, snbobtusa, 5-6 lin. longa, lateralia paullo recuiva. 
Petala late unguiculata, caiteris sepal o postico similia, subconniventia, 
apice paullo incurva. Labelli unguis erectus; limbns reflexus, oblongus, 
obtnsuB, brevis ; crista 4-6-loba, basi in carinas carnosas 2 ad basin 
labelli extensa. Golumna clavata, 2 lin. longa, alis subobsoletis. 

The genus Odontoglossum contains some of the most 
popular of cultivated Orchids, though the species are not 
all equally showy, and some of them are not very highly 
esteemed in gardens, particularly those belonging to 
Myanthium, which includes the present species. Only 
two others of this section have appeared in the Botanical 
Magazine ; 0. Edwardi, Eeichb. f. (t. 6771), remarkable 
for its deep violet-purple flowers, and 0. retusum, Lindl. 
(t. 7569), in which the sepals and petals are rich orange- 
yellow, and the lip deep yellow. 

0. ramulosum, Lindl., was originally discovered in the 
forests of New Grenada by Funck and Schlim, and both 
living and dried specimens were sent home. It was after- 
wards found by Purdie on rocks at La Baja, and by 
Wagener at San Pedro, in Venezuela, at 5,000 feet 
elevation. It flowered in cultivation as long ago as 
February, 1849. The plant figured was presented to Kew 
by Mr. F. W. Moore, A.L.S., Keeper of the Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Glasnevin, and flowered in February last. 

Descr. — An epiphytic herb about a foot to a foot and 

August 1st, 1905. 

a half high apart from the inflorescence ; rhizome very 
stout. Bulbs ovoid-oblong, slightly compressed, about 
three inches long. Leaves strap-shaped, subacute, some- 
what curved, about eight to twelve inches long by three- 
quarters to an inch broad, bright green. Scape from the 
base of the bulb, about two and a half to three feet high, 
panicled above with about six or eight side branches and 
numerous flowers. Bracts ovate-oblong, acute, concave, 
about two lines long. Pedicels about six to nine lines long. 
Flowers bright yellow, with a large brown blotch at the 
base of the petals and dorsal sepal, a few spots on the 
lateral sepals, and a brown band on the lip in front of the 
orange crest. Sepals spathulate-oblong, subobtuse, five to 
six lines long, the lateral pair somewhat recurved. Petals 
with short broad claws, otherwise much like the dorsal 
sepal in shape, and somewhat connivent, slightly incurved 
at the apex. Lip with erect claw and oblong, obtuse, 
reflexed limb, rather shorter than the other segments; 
crest with four or six fleshy lobes, and a pair of very stout 
parallel keels extending to the base of the lip. Column 
clavate, about two lines long, without wings. — R. A. Rolee. 

Figs. 1 and 2, column and lip; 3, anther-case; 4 and 5, pol linarium, seen 
from front and back : — all much enlarged. 

Note to Tab. 8019. 
Fieldia was introduced in 1826, though not figured in 
the Botanical Magazine till 1858. Sir Joseph Hooker 
writes that he certainly had Rhabdothamnus Solandri in 
view in 1854 as then in cultivation, and not Fieldia, with 
which, botanically, it could not be confused. 



ASncent,BroofcI)ay&Sai\Ll£ Imp 

I R«ov« A.C . London. 

Tab. 8032. 
PETASITES japonicus. 

Eastern Asia. 

Composite. Tribe Sbneciohide*. 
Petasites, Gxrtn.; Bentlu et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 438. 

Petasites japonicus, Maxim, in " The Award of the thirty-fourth Demi- 
dovian Prize" (Russian), 1866, p. 212; separate edition, p. 17 ; Miq. Pro!. 
Fl. Jap. (1865-67) p. 380 ; Fr. Schmidt, Beisen in Amurlande, 1868, p. 145 ; 
Franch. et Savat. Enum. PL Jap. vol. i. (1875) p. 220; species foliorum 
radicalium magnitudine insignis. 

Jlerba perennis, robusta, dioica vel subdioica, prater inflorescentiam acaulis. 
Folia radicalia subcarnosa, orbicularia, basi reniformi-cordata, 2-3 ped. 
diametro, pedatinervia, simiato-dentata, dentibus acatis, subtus albo- 
tomentosa, supra cano-floccosa, cito glabrescentia ; petioli in plantis 
agrestibuB interdum ultra 6 ped. alti et 2 poll, diametro. Injlorescentia 
subdioica, 6-12 poll, alta, ante folia evoluta; scapus crassus, bracteis 
oblongis costatis vestitus. Qapitula discoidea, numerosissima, dense 
corvmbosa. Flores albi. — Petasitis vulgaris, JQcmpf., AmoeD. Exot. 1712, 
p. 831. Tussilago Petasites, Thunb. FL Jap. 1784, p. 314, non Linn. 
Nardosmia japonica, Sieb. et Zucc. in Abhandl. Akad. Muench. vol. iv. 3 
(1816), p. 181, reprint, p. 57. Petasites albus, A. Gr. in Perry's Exped. to 
China & Japan, vol. ii. (1857), p. 314, non Gaartn. Petasites spuriw, 
Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. (1865-66), p. 168, non 
Reichb. f. Petasites giganteus, Fr. Schmidt, ex Trautv. in Acta Horti 
Petrop. vol. viii. (1883), p. 433. Petasites japonicus, var. giganteus, Gard. 
Chron. 1897, vol. ii. p. 311; Nichols. Diet. Gard. Cent. Suppl. vol. ii. 
(1901), p. 591. Iarna houhi, &c. Honzo Znfu, vol. xviii. tt. 4, 5, 6, et 7. 
Foulci, Somoku Znsetzu, vol. xvii. tt. 25 et 26. 

The synonymy of this plant is very much involved, 
through errors of transcription, and we are greatly in- 
debted to Mr. Boris Fedschenko, the Chief Botanist of the 
Imperial Botanic Garden, St. Petersburg, for assistance in 
unravelling it. 

The name Petasites signifies parasol, and was given in 
allusion to the large radical leaves of the species on which 
the genus was founded. All, or most of the species have 
this character in common, the leaves attaining their full 
development long after the flowering-period; and the 
leaves of P. japonicus exceed those of all others in their 
dimensions. Schmidt seems to have been the first to 
describe the fully formed leaves, and he states that in the 
Island of Saghalien the leaf-stalk is taller than a man, 
whilst the blade reaches a diameter of three feet. In the 
Kew Herbarium there is a nature-print of a leaf presented 

September 1st, 1905. 

by Dr. Tokutaro Ito some years ago, nearly equalling the 
dimensions named. 

The vegetation of the Island of Saghalien and Kamt- 
chatka is characterized in places by the extraordinary size of 
a number of herbaceous plants, which rise to a height of ten 
to fifteen feet. Prominent among them are species of Spiraea, 
Sanguisorba, Ileracleum, Angelica, Urtica, and Festuea. 

Fetasites jcvponicus has long been a cultivated plant in 
Japan, and the figures in the " Honzo Zufu " cited above 
include varieties having leaves and bracts variously striped 
with white and red, and one in which the bracts of the 
inflorescence and young leaves are deep red, edged with 
white, and striped with green. 

Kew first obtained this plant, in 1899, from the Yoko- 
hama Nursery Company, in whose Catalogue for 1898 
there is a humorous pictorial representation of the use of 
the leaves as umbrellas, and it was there probably that it 
first received the varietal name of giganteus. This was 
superfluous, because Schmidt gives equally large dimen- 
sions for the wild plant in Saghalien. On the authority 
of this Catalogue " the big petioles are eaten as a vege- 
table, either boiled or preserved in salt or sugar, and its 
flower-buds are used fresh as a condiment and spice, 
owing to their agreeable flavour and slightly bitter taste." 
For a further stock Kew is indebted to B. E. C. Chambers, 
Esq., of Grayswood Hill, Haslemere, who presented it in 
1903. It is now flourishing in the Temperate House, and 
on the bank of the pond in the front, of the Museum ; but 
it does not at present attain the gigantic dimensions it 
does in its home in Eastern Asia. 

Descr.—A perennial herb varying greatly in dimensions, 
but attaining a very large size under cultivation. Stemless 
except the inflorescences, which are functionally uni- 
sexual. Leaves appearing later than the flowers orbicular, 
reniform-cordate at the base, coarsely toothed and veined, 
at first clothed with a felt-like, white indumentum, but 
soon becoming glabrous. Flower-stems appearing before 
the leaves, stout, clothed with oblong, ribbed bracts. 
Flowers white, densely corymbose. — W. Botting Hemsley. 

fl^ s " ^ an< ^ 2, flowers (female) from the circumference of the bead ; 
J, flower (hermaphrodite) from the centre of the head; 4, a pappus-bristle; 
o, anthers; 6, upper part of style and stigma :— all enlarged. 


U.S. del J.N.FitdilrtK. 

X5Tu-a!aBroolc3,Day fi-SoaLt^ln^ 

1.. Reeve & C°Loriiicn 

Tab. 8033. 
GIRRHOPETALUM bbevisoapum. 


Oeciiidacejk. Tribe EriDENDRE^s. 
Cuuuioi'ETALUM, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 504 ; Pjitzer 
in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 178. 

Cirrhopetalum breviscapum, Bolfe (sp. nov.) ; aff. C. lasiochilo, Hook, f., 
i'oliis latioribus, sepalis lateralibus longioribus Havis bruiineo-maculatis 
et labelli pilis tenuioribus distincta. 

Herba epiphytica, rhizomate repente vaginis imbricatis tecto. Pseudobulhi 
oblougi, tetragoni, 8-10 lin. longi, monophylli, vaginis 2 ovatis dimidio 
brevioribus tecti. Folia subsessilia, elliptico-oblonga, obtusa vel obscure 
bidentata, coriacea, pallide viridia. 1^-2 poll, longa. Scapi ad pseudo- 
bulborum basin solitarii, erecti, 1| poll, longi, pallide virides, brunneo- 
maculati, unirlori. Bracteve ovato-lanceolata3, acutaa, 2 lin. longaj. Flores 
speciosi; sepalum posticum, petala et labellum puvpureum ; sepala late- 
ralia flava, brunneo-maculata. Sepalum, posticum lanceolato-oblongum, 
aoutuin, incurvum, concivum, eciliatura, 8-9 lin. longum. Sepala 
lateralia basi connata, dein libera, oblonga, subobtusa, recurva, subtorta, 
1 poll, longa. Petala lanceolata, acuta, patentia, 8-9 lin. longa. 
Labellum. carnosnm, 5 lin. longum, basi late cordatum, dein subito con- 
strictum, apice oblongum, obtusum, apice excepto pilis longis vestitum. 
Columna basi lata, apice angusta, 8 lin, longa ; dentes graciles, acutaj, 
incarvse; anthera pnberula. 

Cirrhopetalum is rather a large and polymorphic genus 
closely allied to BuTbophyllum, and not always clearly 
separable from it. Upwards of forty Indian species 
have been described, and the Malayan representatives 
must be almost equally numerous, though several of them 
are very imperfectly known. Besides these there are 
a few representatives in South China, and a single 
outlier in the Mascareno and Polynesian islands, 
G. Thouarsii, Lindl., on which the genus was originally 
founded. They are remarkable for the elongation of the 
lateral sepals, and for having the flowers usually borne in 
an umbel. In G. refractum, Zoll., and one or two allies, 
however, the flowers are racemose, while in the one now 
figured and a few others they are solitary. Upwards of a 
dozen species have already been figured in this Magazine, 
among the more distinct and remarkable being G. Jim- 
briatum, Lindl. (t. 4391), G. Gumingli, Lindl. (t. 4996), 
G. Thouarsii, Lindl. (t. 7214), G. or?iatissimum, Reichb. f. 

SEPlEMBtK liST, 1905. 

(t, 7229), G. Collettii, Hemsl. (t. 7198), G. Hookeri, Duthic 
(t. 7869), G. Gurtisii, Hook. f. (t. 7554), and G. robustum, 
Rolfe (t, 7557). 

G. breviscapum is a native of Perak, and a plant of 
it, presented to Kew, in 1903, by Mr. F. W. Moore, 
A.L.S., Keeper of the Royal Botanic Gardens, G-lasnevin, 
flowered in a tropical house in March last. The three 
other Indian species having one-flowered scapes are 
G. merguense, Hook, f., G. lasiochilum, Hook, f., and 
C. appendiculahim, Rolfe. 

Descr. — An epiphytic herb with creeping rhizomes 
covered with imbricating sheaths. Bulbs oblong, tetra- 
gonal, eight to ten lines long, one-leaved, with a pair 
of loose ovate sheaths at the base about half as long as 
the bulb. Leaves subsessile, elliptic-oblong, obtuse or 
obscurely bidentate, coriaceous, light green, one to two 
inches long. Scapes erect, about one inch and a half high, 
light green marked with red-brown, one-flowered. Bract 
ovate-lanceolate, acute, about two lines long. Flowers 
rather large, the dorsal sepal and petals dull purple, the 
lateral sepals yellow spotted with red-brown, and the lip 
rose-purple. Dorsal sepal lanceolate-oblong, acute, in- 
curved, concave, not fringed, about eight or nine lines 
long ; lateral sepals free, except at the base, oblong, sub- 
obtuse, recurved, somewhat twisted, about an inch long. 
Petals lanceolate, acute, spreading, about as long as the 
dorsal sepal. Lip fleshy, about four lines long, broadly 
cordate at the base, rapidly narrowing to the middle, and 
prolonged in front into an oblong, obtuse lobe, all but the 
front lobe covered with long spreading purple hairs. 
Column very broad at the base, narrowing upwards, about 
three lines long, with a pair of slender curved teeth at the 
apex, prolonged into a narrow incurved foot at the base ; 
anther-case puberulous. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Fig. 1, flower with sepals and petals removed ; 2, lip ; 3, anther-case, seen 
from the side ; 4, pollinia -.—all much enlarged. 



"Vincent Broote Pay &. Sanlt^-Img 

L. Reeve &. C?laadarv 

Tab. 8034. 

Eosace*. Tribe Pruned. 
Prunus, L. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 609. 

Prunus pendula, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Imp. Sc. St. Petersbourg, vol. xxix. 
(1884), p. 98 ; Mel. Biol. vol. xi. p. 690 ; Sargent in Garden & Forest, 
vol. i. (1888) p. 196, fig. 36, vol. ii. p. 487 (figure of an old tree). Koehne, 
Deutsch. Dendrol. p. 307 ; Dippel, Laubhohk. vol. iii. p. 618 ; Gyclop. Am. 
Hort. p. 1452, fig. 1996 ; affinis P. inciso, Tliunb., sed innovationibus 
pilosis, foliis infra tantum ia nervis pilosis, floribns numerosioribus, 
sepalis denticulatis efc stylo piloso differt. 

Arbuscula vel arbor media, ramis flexuosis magis minnsve pendulis cortice 
fusco vel fusco-nigricante tectis, ramulis juventute pilosis gracilibus. 
Folia post flores evoluta, anguste elliptica vel ellipfcico-lanceolata, apice 
basique acuta, 1 J-2 poll, longa, 10-12 lin. lata, inrcqualiter argute serrata, 
serraturis apice glanduloso-incrassatis, supra jam in gemma praster 
costam parce pilosam glabra, subtus in costa nervisque adpresse pilosa 
tandem glabrata ; nervi secuudarii subrecti, obliqui, utrinque circiter 
10-12 ; petiolus gracilis, molliter pilosus, 3-6 lin. longus ; stipulrc subu- 
lata3, breviter glandnloso-nmbriataj, ad 5 lin. longa), decidual. Flores in 
racemos abbreviatos 5-2-floros brevissime pedunculatos vel sessile 
bracteatos dispositi ; peduuculi vel racemi basi perulis rotundatis vel late 
ovatis subcoriaceis nigro-fuscis pilosulis demum deciduis cincti ; bractese 
lanceolatse vel subulataj, pilosa;, longitudine valde variso, caducas ; pedicelli 
|— J poll, longi, patule pilosi. Receptaculum campanulatum, 1|— 2 lin. 
longum, piloaulum. Sepala ovata vel ovato-lanceolata, acuta, minute 
denticulata, 1-1| lia. longa, pilosula. Petala rosea, rotundato-obovata 
vel obovata, apice leviter emarginata. Stamina ineequilonga, quam petala 
multo breviora. Ovarium glabrum ; stylus stamina paulo superans, basi 
densiuscule patule pilosus. Drupa pisiformis, nigra.— P. itosaliura, Sieb. 
Syn. PI. Oecon. in Terbandl. Batav. Genootscn. vol. xii. (1830), p. 68, 
no. 360 (nomen). P. subhirtella, Miq. Prolus. Fl. Jap. in Ann. Mus. Bot. 
Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. p. 91 (excl. var.). P. subhirtella var. pendula, Usef. 
PI. Japan, p. 153, fig. 620. P. sp. Savatier, Livres Kwa-wi, p. 72 
(Kwa-wi, ed. 1759, vol. i. t. 3). Gerasus pendula rosea, Plor. Mag. vol. x. 
t. 536. C. herincquiana, Lav. in Arb. Segrez. p. 117, t. xxxv. 

Prunus pendula, according to Maximowicz, has been 
found in the wild state in the mountain forests of 
Central Nipon ; but of this no specimens are at Kew. 
It is not uncommonly cultivated in gardens and near 
temples in Japan, and a good figure of it was pub- 
lished in the Kwa-wi as early as 1759. It is called 
there Ito sakura, evidently in allusion to the long, 
slender branches, ito meaning thread, whilst sakura 
is the name of the cherry tree. Siebold, therefore, took it 

September 1st, 1905. 

up as P. itosahira, but as he gave no proper description, 
this name is generally disregarded. It was subsequently 
described as P. subhirtella, Miq. Siebold introduced 
it into Europe about 1863, under the name of Gerasus 
pendula rosea. When Maximowicz revised the Chinese 
and Japanese species of the genus Prunus, he adopted the 
name P. pendula for our plant in preference to Miquel's 
name P. subhirtella, as he thought that Miquel had con- 
fused several distinct species under his P. subhirtella. 
How far Maximowicz was justified in his assumption 
cannot be established without the examination of Miquel' s 
specimens; in any case Maximo wicz's name has so 
generally been accepted ever since that it would be 
inconvenient to give it up without the most urgent 

There are several varieties of P. pendula with flowers 
ranging from the palest pink to saturated rose colour, and 
it is very probable that the plant described and figured 
here is merely a state, with pendulous branches, of a species 
with normally erect branches, analogous habit variations 
occurring in several species of Prunus. The specimen 
from which the plate was drawn was raised at Kew from 
seeds received from Professor Sargent, Arnold Arboretum, 
in 1890. The little tree is now about nine feet high, and 
flowers profusely in March. 

Descr. — A small or middle-sized tree. Branches spread- 
ing, flex uous, pendulous, hairy when young; bark be- 
coming smooth, light or dark brown to almost black. 
Leaves unfolding after the flowers, narrowly elliptic or 
elliptic-lanceolate, acute at both ends, sharply and un- 
equally serrate, serratures thickened at the tips, with or 
without one or two glands near the base, glabrous above 
except midrib, adpressedly hairy below, particularly on 
the nerves, more or less glabrescent, lateral nerves ten to 
twelve on each side, rather oblique, straight and parallel ; 
petiole slender, three to six lines long, softly hairy; 
stipules subulate, glandular- fimbriate, deciduous, about as 
long as the petioles. Flowers five to two in very short, 
shortly peduncled or sessile racemes, springing from buds 
with dark, puberulous, rounded scales; peduncle, where 
developed, pedicels and the receptacle softly hairy ; 
pedicels three to six lines long; bracts caducous, Ian- 

ceolate or subulate. Receptacle campanulate, about two 
lines long. Sepals ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, 
minutely toothed, about one line and a half long. Petals 
rose-colour, rotundate-obovate or obovate, slightly emar- 
ginate, three to five lines long. Stamens unequal, the long- 
est considerably shorter than the petals. Ovary glabrous ; 
style hairy, particularly near the subpersistent base. 
Drupe black, of the size and shape of a pea. — Otto Stapp, 

Fig. 1, flower with the petals removed, cut open ; 2 and 3, stamens.- — all 


M.S del. JiTftxaiMh. 

■\fij\ceRtBrodl<s,I>ay &.Son LlS-Irap 

L Reeve & C 9 L arukm. 

Tab. 8035. 

scilla messextaca. 


Liliace-e. Tribe ScillejE. 
Scilla, Linn. ; Bent A. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 814. 

Scilla messeniaca, Boiss. Diagn., ser. 1, 7 (1846), p. 110, et in Fl. Orient. 
vol. v. (1881), p. 226; ex affinitate 8. pratensis, W. K., a qua foliis multo 
latioribus differt. 

Bulbus ovoideua, tunicis pallidis vestitus, 1 poll, diametro. Folia 5-7, synan- 
thia, late linearia, basi attenuata, apice abrupte acuminata, 6-9 lin. lata, 
6-9 poll, longa. Scapus suigulatus, foliis paullo brevior. Racemua ovato- 
oblongus, 10-20-norns. Bedicelli erecto-patuli, periatithiutn sequantes vel 
paullo longiores. Bractese solitarise, minutissima?, truncatse vel interdura 
profunde bifida?. Berianthium pallide azurentn, 3 lin. longum ; segmenta 
linearia, obtusa, erecto-patula. Staminum filamenta azurea, quam peri- 
anthium paullo breviora ; antheras violacese. Stylus ovaiio paullo longior. 
Ovula in loculis geminata. Capsula globosa, obtuse trigona, 3 lin. longa. — 
S. amcena, Bory et Chanb. Fl. Pelop. p. 15 non L. 

The genus Scilla contains over a hundred described 
species, native of Europe, Asia, and Africa, chiefly extra- 
tropical South Africa ; and one is a native of Chili and 
another of Peru. The section Euscilla, to which the 
present one belongs, is characterized by the perianth- 
segments spreading from the base. 

S. messeniaca bears a resemblance as regards the raceme 
to 8. pratensis, which comes into flower two months later. 
The leaves, however, are totally different from those of 
that species. 

Although described some sixty years ago, this Scilla 
does not appear to have been introduced into gardens until 
recently. Its habitat is confined to the Morea. There 
is in the Kew Herbarium only one specimen, which is 
from the valley of the Nedon, at Kalamata in Messenia, at 
an elevation of 500 to 1,000 feet. Id is also recorded from 
the neighbouring provinces of Arcadia and Laconia, where 
it flourishes in the grassy, stony, lower regions. 

Bulbs were purchased from Mr. Max Leichtlin in 1897. 
They now form a large clump in the herbaceous ground at 
Kew, and flower freely in March. 

Among the species of Scilla most useful for the garden 
already represented in this Magazine are : — S. amoena 
September 1st, 1905. 

(t. 341), 8. blfolia (t. 746), S.hispanica (t. 128), 8. hyacin- 
thoides (t. 1140), and S. stbirica (t. 2408). 

Descr. — Bulb ovoid, one inch in diameter; outer scales 
pale. Leaves five to seven, flat, broadly linear, attenuate 
at the base, with apex abruptly acuminate, one half to 
three-quarters of an inch broad, six to nine inches long. 
Scape angular, slightly shorter than the leaves. Raceme 
ovate-oblong, ten- to twenty-flowered. Pedicels ascending 
or somewhat spreading, equal to the perianth or slightly 
longer. Bracts solitary, very minute, truncate, or some- 
times deeply bifid. Perianth pale blue, three lines long, 
with somewhat spreading, linear, obtuse segments. Fila- 
ments blue, slightly shorter than the perianth. Anthers 
violet. Style slightly longer than the ovary. Ovules two 
in each cell. Capsule globose, obtusely three-angled, three 
lines long. — L. Faemae, 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers ; 3, pistil : — all enlarged. 



TfincentBraolc?J)^-&SQivLt) 1 i3¥ 

L. Reeve C?lan£xm. 

Tab. 8036. 
COTYLEDON insignis. 



Cotyledon, Linn. ; Benih. et Hook. f. Oen. Plant, vol. i. p. 659 ; Engl. & 
Pranil, Pflanzenf. vol. iii. 2 A, p. 32. 

Cotyledon insignis, N.I?. Br. (sp. nov.) ; inter species noribus majoribus, 
t'oliis oppositis et cymis axillaribus distinctissima. 

Planta succulenta, 2 ped. alta, omnino glabra, noribus exceptis ex toto vividis. 
Folia opposita, breviter petiolata, recurva, 3-5 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, 
oblonga vel oblanceolato-oblonga, obtusa, basi angnstata, Integra vel 
obscure dentata. Cymie axillares et terminales, peduncnlatae, 1-3-ilorae. 
Bracteee \-\ poll, lougas, \-h poll, lata?, lanceolate vel oblongo-lanceolataB, 
acuta?. Pedicelli 6-9 lin. longi. Galyx 4-5 lin. longus, 4-lobus; lobi 
erecti, 3-4 lin. longi, lanceolati, acnti. Corollse tubus circiter 1| poll, 
longus, leviter curvatus, rubescens ; lobi recurvi, 7-8 lin. longi, circiter 
£ poll, lati, lanceolati, acuti, luteo-virentes, rubescentes, dorso rubri. 
Stamina exserta; antherfe oblongae, rubescentes. Glandulx hypogynas 
3 lin. longse, elongato-ovatas, apice bifida?. Carpella 4 ; styli filiformes, 

This fine Cotyledon is one of the most distinct in the 
genus, differing in habit from all other known species. 
Its flowers have some resemblance to those of C. curviflora, 
Sims (B. M. t. 2044), but in all other respects it is entirely 
different. It was discovered on one of the mountains of 
Nyasaland, British Central Africa, at an altitude of 7000 
feet, by Mr. John Mahon, who sent seeds of it to Kew 
in 1898, where it first flowered in February of this year. It 
requires cool stove treatment, similar to that given to the 
various species of Kalanchoe. 

Descr. — A succulent plant about two feet high, glabrous 
on all parts. Stems or branches erect, about half an inch 
thick, light green, not glaucous. Leaves opposite, much 
recurved, three to five inches long, one to two inches 
broad, one to one line and a half thick, oblong or oblan- 
ceolate-oblong, obtuse, cuneately narrowed into a short 
petiole at the base, entire or obscurely dentate, flat, with 
the midrib faintly channelled above, slightly prominent 
beneath, green, somewhat shining, not glaucous. Cymes 
from the axils of the upper leaves and terminal, pe- 
dunculate, one- to three-flowered. Peduncles two to ten 
lines long. Bracts half to one inch long, J— \ inch 
September 1st, 1905. 

broad, leaf-like, lanceolate, or oblong-lanceolate, acute. 
Pedicels two-thirds to three-quarters of an inch long, 
green. Calyx four to five lines long, deeply four-lobed, 
glabrous, green, shining, lobes 3-4 lines long, erect, lan- 
ceolate, acute, convex on the back. Corolla-tube about one 
inch and a half long, £ inch in diameter, obscurely four- 
angled, slightly curved upwards, light reddish ; limb 
slightly oblique, four-lobed ; lobes seven to eight lines long, 
about \ inch broad, lanceolate acute, much recurved, light 
red on the back, and more or less suffused with light red 
on a yellowish-green ground on the inner face. Stamens 
eight, much exserted; filaments faintly tinted with red, 
adnate to the corolla, in two sets of four, for one half and 
three-quarters of its length respectively, four of them 
dilated, and forming broad lanceolate plaits at the base of 
the corolla-tube; anthers oblong, reddish. Hypogynous 
glands £ inch long, elongate-ovate, narrowed above, bifid 
at the apex, light green with yellowish tips. Carpels four ; 
ovary half an inch long, green, tapering into filiform 
exserted styles, a little more than an inch long, yellowish- 
green ; stigmas simple. — N", E. Brown. 

Fig. 1, anther; 2, hypogynous glands and pistil; 3, the same larger without 
the 6tyles : — all enlarged. 


T.Reeve &.C°LoriAcm. 

Tab. 8037. 


New Zealand. 

Composite. Tribe SenecionidEjE. 
Brachyglottis, Forst.; Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 444. 

Brachyglottis repanda, Forst. Char. Gen. (1776), p. 92, t. 46 ; Hook. f. 
Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. p. 163 ; Kirk, Students' Flora of N. Z. p. 336 ; 
Gard. Chron. 1895, vol. i. p. 736, f. 110 ; species a B. Bangiora, Buch., 
foliis minoribus non lucidis et involucri bracteis albis nitidis differt. 

Frutex vel arbor parva, 8-20 ped. alta. Rami albo-touientosi, molles. Folia 
alterna, longe petiolata, papyracea, absque petiolo saspius 4-8 poll, longa 
et 2-5 lata, nunc minora nunc maiora, ovato-oblonga, basi cordata vel 
rotundata, vel superiora minora cuneata, angulato-paucilobulata, supra 
atroviridia, subtus albo-tomentosa; petioli 1-3 poll, longi. Capitula 
numerosissima, 2-3 lin. diametro, in paniculas amplas terminates pyrami- 
dales folia excedentia disposita, sessilia, ramulis tomentosis. Involucri 
bractese 6-8, uniseriatas, oblongaa, scariosse. Flores 8-12, vix 2 lin. longi, 
exteriores feminei, corolla alba ligulata ; interiores bermaphroditi, corolla 
tubulosa lobis recurvis. Antherve luteae. Achsenia minuta, papillis 
hyaliuis conspersa. Pappi set?e copiosas, uniseriatae, albas. — Cineraria 
repanda, Forst. Prodr. Fl. Ins. Austral. (1786), p. 56 ; Senecio Forsteri, 
Hook. f. Fl. N. Zel. i. p. 148, non Philippi, nee Schlecbt. 

Kirk retains Buchanan's B. Raiigiora, probably because 
the natives distinguish two species ; but he observes that 
it is not satisfactory as a species, and we have failed to 
sort the dried specimens into two. Kirk adds that it is 
much handsomer than B. repanda, the pukapuka or whar- 
angi-tawliito of the Maoris; the leaves more glossy and 
larger, sometimes as much as twelve inches by fifteen 
without the petiole. Perhaps the plant figured is the 
Bangiora of the Maoris, though that is described as having 
purple involucres. At all events it produces leaves under 
cultivation equally as large as indicated for B. Bangiora by 
Kirk. B. repanda, as we shall continue to call it, was 
introduced, or perhaps re-introduced, about a dozen years 
ago, and succeeds well out of doors in the West of 
England and in Ireland, especially near the sea; and it is 
a very striking object. Earl Annesley ("Beautiful and 
Rare Trees and Plants," t. 29) shows the habit in a 
specimen growing in the open air in his grounds at 
Castlewellan. It flowers freely in the Scilly Islands, and 

October 1st, 1905. 

as a comparatively small plant in pots at Kew, but a 
specimen eight feet high in one of the beds in the Tem- 
perate House has hitherto, we believe, not flowered. A 
specimen in the Kew Herbarium received from Mr. F. W. 
Burbidge in 1895 has an inflorescence a foot long and a 
foot wide at the base. It flowered under glass in the 
Trinity College Botanic Garden. 

It appears that the colonists sometimes call this the 
paper-tree, but this name is evidently not in general use, 
for we have not met with it in print. It is pencilled in a 
Kew copy of Hooker's " Handbook." Nevertheless it is 
an appropriate name, as the leaves may be used for 
writing on ; a fact discovered long ago. Accompanying a 
specimen in the Kew Herbarium, collected by R. Cun- 
ningham, in 1834, is the following note : — " During the 
time I was occupying the tented field at Wangaroa, Sadler 
and I used to correspond through the medium of puka- 
-pukas. The back of the leaf, even in the recent state, 
takes the ink capitally." We have not tried fresh leaves, 
but it is quite true for dried ones. 

Buchanan states (Trans. N. Z. Inst. vol. xiv. p. 357) 
that both species are poisonous to horses, which should be 
taken into account by intending planters. 

Descr. — A shrub or small tree eight to twenty feet high. 
Branches clothed with a short, white indumentum. Leaves 
alternate, long-stalked, without the stalk usually four to 
eight inches long, sometimes larger, sometimes smaller, 
ovate-oblong, cordate or rounded at the base, uppermost 
cuneate, few-lobed, lobes short, obtuse, dark green above, 
white beneath ; stalks one to three inches long. Flower- 
heads very numerous, two to three lines in diameter, 
sessile, arranged in large terminal, pyramidal panicles, 
longer than the leaves ; branches white. Bracts of the 
involucre six to eight, uniseriate, oblong, scarious. 
Flowers eight to twelve in a head, scarcely two lines long. 
Corolla white, lobes recurved. Anthers yellow. Achenes 
very small, papillose. Pappus white, silky. — W. Botting 

Fig. 1, a flower-liead ; '2, a ray-flower; 3, a disk-flower; 4. anthers ; 5, upper 
part of style and stigmas : — all enlarged. 



VnKonBroolci.Ilay & Son L £ Imp 

L. Reeve S^C? Lomltm. 

Tab. 8038. 

SKIMMIA japonic a. 


Rutaceve. — Tribe Toddaeie^e. 

Skimmia, Thunb. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 302 ; Engl, in Engl. 
& Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. iii. 4, p. 181. 

Skimmia japonica, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 62; Fsempfer, Ic. Sel. Plant, t. 5; 
Sieb._ et Zucc. Fl. Jap. vol. i. p. 127, t. 68 ; M. T. M. in Gard. Ghron. 1889, 
vol. i. p. 520, ££. 89 et 90 ; Honzo Zufu, vol. xxiv. f. 5, non Lindl. et Paoct. 
Fl. Gard. ii. p. 56, f. 163, nee Hook. Pot. Mag. t. 4719; species japonica 
foliis pallide viridibus floribus polygamis drupis globosis vel depresso- 
globosis coccineo-rubvis. 

Frutex sempervirens, dumosxis, nanus, omnibns partibus aromaticus, inflores- 
centia minute puberula excepta, glaberrimus. Folia alterna, saepe pseudo- 
verticillata, breviter petiolata, coriacea, nitida, pallide viridia, obovato- 
oblonga, oblonga vel lanceolata, 2-5- (ssepe 3-4-) poll, longa, i-lf poll, 
lata, acuta, acuminata vel obtusa, basi attenuata, integerrima, pel- 
lncide glanduloso-punctata ; petioli crassi, saapissime rubescentes. 
Flores polygami, snaveolentes, parvi, in paniculas thyrsoideas ter- 
minales 2-3-poll. longas dispositi ; pedicelli crassi, breves, bractcolis 
parvis oppositis instructi. Calyx breviter 4-5-lobatus. Petala 4-5, 
oblonga, alba, circiter 2 lin. longa et 1J lin. lata. Stamina 4-5, 
petalis JBquilonga. Ovarium globosum, plerumque 4-loculare loculis 
1-ovulatis; rudimentum in rloribus masculinis depresso-globo3uin, calyce 
multo brevius. Stylus simplex, crassus, brevis, stigmate incrassato 
3- vel 4-lobato. Drupa globosa vel depresso-globosa vel obsolete 3-4- 
sulcata, interdum apice concava, circiter 4 lin. diam., coccineo-j-ubra, 
2-4-pyrena. Pyrense snbtrigonae, dorso convexaB, 2^-2i lin. longae. — 
iS 1 . oblata, T. Moore in Gard. Chron. 1864, p. 962; S.fragrans, Carriere in 
Rev. Horfc. 1869, p. 258; 1880, p. 56, f. 11. S.fragrantissima, Hort. ex 
T. Moore in Proc. Linn. Soc. 1866-67, p. 7. 

The Skimmia here figured is a very familiar inhabitant 
of our gardens. As long ago as 1838 it had a place in 
the living collections at Kew, though its introduction into 
general cultivation did not follow till the early sixties, 
when Standish, of Bagshot, received it from Robert 
Fortune, who obtained it during his visit to Japan in 
1860-61. Thomas Moore, in 1864, gave it the name of 
S. oblata. 

Fortune had in 1849 sent home a Skimmia from China, 
which Lindley at first thought to be S. Laureola. After- 
wards it was generally accepted as the true S. japonica, 
and under that name was figured and described in this 
Magazine in 1853 (t. 4719). Fortune's Chinese plant is 

October 1st, 1905. 

now known as 8. Fortunei, Masters. Dr. Masters, in his 
interesting account of the genus, published in the Gar- 
dener's Chronicle, in 1889, calls attention to the darker 
green leaves of 8. Fortunei, its invariably hermaphrodite 
flowers, and obovate, dull crimson fruits. 

Numerous Skimmias have originated in gardens, and 
have received distinguishing names. The history of the 
more important is given in Dr. Masters' paper. 

All the Kew plants of 8. japonica, so far as examined, 
are dioecious, and the flowers tetramerous. Precocious 
germination of the seeds, not infrequent in Rutacese, and 
already recorded in Skimmia itself, was observed in the 
case of one fruit still attached to the plant. In this the 
large green embryo was bursting through the epicarp. 

It may be mentioned that Dr. Engler limits Slcimmia 
to only one species, uniting therefore with the species here 
figured not only 8. Fortunei, but also the less hardy 
8. Laureola, which, in gardens at least, from its different 
behaviour under cultivation, and its less agreeable odour, 
long ago noted by Lindley, is held to be quite distinct. 

Bescr. — An evergreen, busby, dwarf, aromatic shrub, 
quite glabrous, except the minutely puberulous in- 
florescence. Leaves alternate, often nearly verticillate, 
shortly petiolate, coriaceous, shining, pale green, obovate- 
oblong to lanceolate, two to five (often three to four) 
inches long, half to one and three-quarters of an inch 
broad, acute, acuminate or obtuse, attenuated at the base, 
quite entire, studded with transparent glands; petioles 
thick. Flowers fragrant, small, in terminal thyrsoid 
panicles two to three inches long ; pedicels thick, short ; 
bracteoles small, opposite. Calyx shortly four- or five- 
lobed. Petals four or five, oblong, white, about two lines 
long, and one line and a quarter broad. Stamens four or 
five, as long as the petals. Ovary globose, usually four- 
celled; cells one-ovuled. Drupe globose or depressed- 
globose, about four lines in diameter, bright red. — S. A. 

Figs. 1 and 2, male inflorescence and flower ; 3 and 4, female inflorescence 
aud flower ; 5, fruiting branch :— 1, 3, and 5, natural size ; 2 and 4, enlarged. 


"Vincent BroaksDayA-ScmXt^-faqi 

JL. Reeve &.C 9 London. 

Tab. 8039. 
FXL&SYTHIA eueop^a. 


Oleace^;. — Tribe Sykinge*. 
Forsythia, Vahl; Benih. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 675. 

Forsythia europsea, Degen et Baldacci in QUsterreich. Bot. Zeit. 1897, p. 406 ; 
Mitteil. der Deutschen Dendrol. Gesellsch. 1903, p. 113; Gard. Ghron. 
1904, vol. ii. p. 123, f. 50 ; ab F. viridissima foliis crassioribus ovatis infra 
medium latioribus et floribus suberectis differt. 

Frutex erectus, paucipedalis, dense ramosus, cortice brunneo saepius crebre 
lenticellato verrncoso. Folia opposita vel interdum quaterna, petiolata, 
demum subcoriacea, cito glabresceutia, alia innovationum superiora 
ovata vel ovato-lanceolata, obtusa 2-2J poll, longa, integra, vel rarius 
plus minusve argute serrata, alia inferiora oblonga, deorsum gradatim 
minora. Fiores ante folia evoluta, e gemma 1-3-ni, rlavi, circiter 1§ poll, 
diametro ; pedunculi floribus breviores, perulati, perulis imbricatis ovato- 
oblongis persistentibus. Calycis lobi ovati, circiter 2 lin. longi, apiculati, 
ciliolati. Gorollse lobi lineares, undulati, emarginati. Stamina 2, corollte 
tubum paullo excedentia. Capsula ovoidea, acuminata, 6-8 lin. longa. 

The discovery of a new species of Forsythia in Europe 
was at first received with some doubts, especially as it is 
not at first sight so obviously different from F. viridissima 
(B. M. t. 4587) as to be at once recognized as such. It 
was discovered in 1897 by Dr. A. Baldacci, an experienced 
botanist and collector. He states that it forms extensive 
thickets at Simoni and Kalyvaria, in the district of Oroshi. 
In another place he says it is abundant in thickets in a 
great part of the Mirdizia (Miredita, in about 42° N. lat. 
and 20° E. long.), where it is well known to the in- 
habitants, and bears an Albanian name. We think it is 
specifically different from the Chinese, but several of the 
characters relied upon by the authors are inconstant. For 
instance, under cultivation the leaves are sometimes very 
distinctly toothed. 

As to its being really indigenous in Albania, we see 
no reason to doubt it. Many instances exist of genera 
occupying widely separated areas. The allied genera 
Syringa and Ligustrum are common to the East and the 
West, and there is an another of the latter genus in 
Australia. It is true that both genera have less widely 
separated areas in Eastern Europe and Asia. 

October 1st, 1905. 

A more doubtful instance of isolated areas of distribution 
is afforded by another member of the Oleacese, Fontanesia 
phillyreoides, which is a native of South-Eastern Europe 
and Asia Minor, and also occurs in China, in several 
distant localities. It was first collected in China by- 
Fortune upwards of fifty years ago, and it was described 
under the name of F. Fortunei. Maximowicz, however, 
suggests that it was introduced into China, where, espe- 
cially near Shanghai, it is commonly planted for hedging. 
It is now undoubtedly spontaneous in the maritime pro- 
vinces ; but it has not, we believe, been collected in Central 
or Western China. 

Forsythia europsea was raised at Kew from seeds 
obtained from Dr. Baldacci in 1899. It is of more com- 
pact habit than F. viridissima, but as an ornamental 
shrub it is not equal to F. suspensa (B. M. t. 4995), the 
only other distinct species. 

F. Fortuni, Lindl. (Card. Chron. 1864, p. 412), and 
F. Sieboldii, Dippel (Handbuch der Laubholzkunde, vol. i. 
p. 109) are varieties of F. suspensa, and F. intermedia, 
Zabel (Gartenflora, 1891, p. 397, f. 82), is described as a 
cross between F. suspensa and F. viridissima. 

Descr. — An erect, densely branched shrub, a few feet 
high, glabrous or glabrescent in all parts. Leaves oppo- 
site, or sometimes in fours, shortly stalked, rather thick, 
at first pubescent, especially beneath, mostly ovate and 
entire, two to three inches long, lower ones of a shoot 
smaller, upper ones sometimes sharply toothed, all obtuse. 
Flowers yellow, appearing before the leaves, solitary, or 
two or three clustered, suberect, about an inch and a half 
across ; peduncles shorter than the flowers, clothed with 
small, overlapping scales. Calyx-lobes ovate, about two 
lines long, slightly fringed. Corolla-lobes linear, undulate. 
Stamens two, slightly exceeding the corolla-tube. Capsule 
ovoid, flattened, pointed, six to eight lines long. — 
"VV. BOITING Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, a toothed leaf from a barren shoot ; 2, part of calyx and pistil ; 
3, part of corolla and stamens, which are longer than the tube of the corolla : — 
both of the latter enlarged. 



Vinceni;Broo~ks,Day &. SarvL^inp 

1.. Reeve &_C?LoTuLccn. 

Tab. 8040. 


Asia Minor. 

L1I1IACE.E. — Tribe Colchices. 

Colciucum, Linn.- Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 821; Baker %n 

Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xvii. p. 423. 

Colchicum hydrophilum, Siehe in Gard. Ghron. 1901, vol. i. p. 102, fig. 43 ; 
Irving in The Garden, 1904, vol. i. p. 203, cum fig. ; species ex amnitate 
G. libanotici, Ehrenb. (B. M. t. 8015), perianthii segmentis acutioribus 
obscurius roseis differt. 

Cormus 1 poll, diam., tunicis atro-brunneis. Folia periantbii tubo aeqnilonga, 
demiim 6 poll, longa, 2 poll, lata, oblongo-acuminata. Flores 3-5, fascicu- 
latim dispositi, rosei. Perianthii tubus 3 poll, longus ; lobi oblongi, 
subacuti, 1 poll, longi, 3 lin. lati. Stamina perianthii lobis dimidio 
breviora ; filamenta media parte incrassata ; antheioe lutese, filamentis 
dimidio breviores. Styli albi, qnam stamina paullo longiora. Gapsula 
3-loba ; semina globosa, pallide brunnea. 

Colchicum is a genus in which many of the species are 
separated by characters which become more or less obscured 
when the specimens are dried ; hence the advantage of 
studying them, in the living state, and of having them 
figured, as has been done in the present volume in the case 
of G. libanoticum, Ehrenb. (t. 8015), and G. Steveni, Kunth 
(t. 8025). To the former of these the present plant bears 
great resemblance, and might, indeed, be almost regarded 
as a variety with darker coloured flowers. Corms were 
first obtained in 1898 from the Taurus Mountains, where 
the plant grows at between 3,200 and 6,500 feet altitude. 
In this locality during part of the year, abundant moisture 
is provided by the melting snow, while at another 
period the soil is sufficiently dry to enable the corms to 
thoroughly ripen. 

Unlike many species of the genus, G. hydrophilum has a 
somewhat prolonged flowering period, having been in 
flower for six weeks before our figure was taken in 
February last from a plant in the Alpine House at Kew, 
the corms of which were purchased in 1902 from Mr. 
W. Siehe of Mersina. 

Descr. — Gorm an inch in diameter, tunics dark brown. 
Leaves at the time of flowering as long as the perianth- 

October 1st, 1905. 

tube, finally six inches long and two inches wide, oblong, 
acuminate. Flowers in clusters of three to five, bright 
clear, rose-colour. Perianth-tube three inches long; lobes 
oblong, subacute, one inch long, three lines wide. Stamens 
half as long as the perianth-lobes ; filaments thickened at 
the middle ; anthers yellow, half as long as the filaments. 
Styles slightly longer than the anthers. Capsule three- 
lobed ; seeds globose, light brown. — C. H. Wright. 

Figs. 1 and 2, anthers : — enlarged. 



1 &TCentBrodl<s,Day&.SaaXt i IiT5i 

I -Reeve &C?LarularL 

Tab. 8041. 

MORMODES buccinator var. aurantiacum. 
Tropical America. 

Orchidace^s. Tribe Yandex. 

Mormodes, Zindl.; Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 552; Pfitzer in 
Engler & Prantl, Pflanzenf. vol. ii. 6, p. 159. 

Mormodes buccinator, Zindl. var. aurantiacum, Ttolfe in III. Hort. vol. 
xxxix. p. 11, t. 144; a typo floribus aurantiacis differt. 

Herba epipbytica, circiter pedem alta. Pseudobulbi fusiformi-oblongi, 2-3 poll, 
longi, vaginis imbricatis tecti. Folia oblonga vel lanceolato-oblonga, 
acuminata, plicata, membranacea, viridia, 3-9 poll, longa, If- 3J poll, 
lata. Bcapi basilare?, erecti, 9-12 poll, longi; racemi laxi, multiflori. 
Bractepe oblonga?, acutae, concavae, 2-5 Hn. longae. Pedicelli 1-1J poll, 
longi. Flores speciosi, aurantiaci. Sepala elhptico-oblonga, subacuta, 
10 lin. longa, incurva; lateralia basi reflexa. Petala sepalia similia, 
incnrva. Labellum late iiDguiculatum, sepalis paullo brevius; limbus 
obliquus, late obovato-oblongus, apiculatus, valde concavus, ecristatus. 
Columna oblique torta, lata, angulata, 5 lin. longa ; operculum apicula- 
tum ; pollinia per paria connata ; stipes oblongus ; glandala orbicularis. 

Reichenbach once remarked that " Mormodes buccinator, 
Lindl., was well known as the most polychromatic Orchid 
of the world, and as variable in shape," and the point is 
very well illustrated in its history, for no less than seven 
forms described as species have been reduced to this 
species, namely, M. brachystachya, M. flavidum, M. leuco- 
chila, M. marmorea, M. vitellina> M. wagneriana, all of 
Klotzsch, and M, lentiginosa, Hook. (B. M. t. 4455). 
They embrace a wide range of colour, from ivory white to 
light green, deep yellow, brownish purple, and speckled. 
The variety aurantiacum first flowered with Messrs. Linden, 
at Brussels, and is recorded as having been imported from 
Peru. The one now figured was prepared from materials 
communicated by Mr. F. W. Moore, A.L.S., Keeper of the 
Royal Botanic Garden, Glasnevin, in February last, and 
it closely resembles the original in colour, though the 
segments are slightly more acuminate, but a comparison 
with allied species fails to show a nearer affinity. It was 
introduced by Messrs. Sander & Sons last year from an 
unspecified locality. 

Octobeb 1st, 1905. 

The other species which have been figured in this 
Magazine are : — Mormodes Pardina, Batem. (t. 3900) ; 
its variety unicolor, Hook. (t. 3879) ; M. Cartoni, Hook, 
(t. 4214) ; M. atropurpurea, Hook. (t. 4577) ; M. Greenii, 
Hook. (t. 5802); M. Colossus, Rchb. f. (t. 5840); M. Ocannae, 
Linden & Rchb. f. (t. 6496), and M. rolfeanum, L. Lind. 
(t. 7438). 

Descr. — A densely tufted epiphyte, about a foot high. 
Bulbs oblong, more or less conical, fleshy, two to three 
inches long, clothed with the broad imbricating leaf- 
sheaths. Leaves oblong or lanceolate-oblong, acuminate, 
plicate, membranous, bright green, about three to nine 
inches long, one and a quarter to one and three-quarter 
inches broad. Scapes basal, erect, about nine inches to a 
foot high ; raceme lax, many-flowered. Bracts oblong, 
acute, somewhat concave, two to five lines long. Pedicels 
an inch to an inch and a half long-. Flotvers medium- 
sized, somewhat globose, and deep orange-yellow through- 
out. Sepals elliptic-oblong, subacute, about ten lines 
long, somewhat incurved, and the lateral pair more or 
less reflexed at the base. Petals very similar to the sepals 
in shape, incurved. Lip broadly clawed, rather shorter 
than the sepals; limb obliquely twisted, broadly obovate- 
oblong, apiculate, very concave, without crests. Column 
obliquely twisted, broad, with two rather sharp angles, 
about five lines long ; anther-case apiculate ; pollinia four, 
connate in two pairs, attached to an oblong stipes and 
circular gland. — R. A. Rolfe. 

Figs. 1, lip and column; 2, anther-case; 3 and 4, pollinarium, seen from 
front and back : — all much enlarged. 


"Vincent Br o oUs D ay & S ctnXt^Bnp 

L.Reeve 8cC°LarLdon 

Tab. 8042. 


GesneracejB. Tribe Cyrtandre^e. 
Streptocabpus, Lindl. ; Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1023. 

Streptocarpus grandis, N. E. Brown (sp. nov.) ; ex affinitate 8. Saundersii, a 
quo folio multo majore, fioribus longioribus angustioribua et tubo 
cosruleo differt. 

Herba acaulescens. Folium tmicam radicale, 2-3J ped. longum, l-2j ped. 
latum, ovatum, basi cordatum, crenatum, utrinque pubescens ; folia 
caulina nulla vel pauca, parva, ovata, sessilia. Pedunculi plures, 1I-3J 
ped. aid, superne in racemos 2-6 elongates laxos furcati, pubescentes. 
Flores bini. Bractese parvae, lineari-subulatse, acutse. Pedicelli 6-10 lin. 
lin. longi, patentee. Sepala 1^-2^ lin. longa, snbulata, acuta, tit 
pedicelli pilis simplicibus et glanduliferis pubescentia. Corollm tubus 

1 poll, longus, ad medium decurvatus, subcylindricus, superne ampliatus, 
minute glanduloso-pubescens, coeruleus, fauce violacea late bivittata; 
limbus obliquus f poll, diam., lobis oblongis obtusis 2 posticis coeruleis, 
3 anticis pallidionbus discis albidis ornatis. Stamina inclusa ; filamenta 

2 lin. longa, superne incrassata, glabra ; antheras subreniformes, cohae- 
rentes, albidse; staminodia minuta. Ovarium teres, patenter pubescens ; 
stylus inclusus ; stigma capitatum, transversum. Capsula 3-3j poll. 
loDga, torta, pubescens. 

Once again the genus Streptocarpus has furnished our 
gardens with an ornamental plant, which in size of 
]eaf and height of flower-stems is perhaps the largest 
known of the genus. In the size of its leaf it may be 
compared with 8. Dunnii (Bot. Mag. t. 6903), 8. Wend- 
landii (Bot. Mag. t. 7447), and 8. Saundersii (Bot. Mag. 
t. 5251), to which latter species it is most nearly allied, 
although very much larger in its foliage and more flori- 
ferous, besides differing in the longer and narrower blue 
tube and smaller limb of its corolla. It was discovered in 
Zululand by Mr. W. J. Haygarth, together with a very 
much smaller species (S. Haygarthii, N. E. Br.). A dried 
specimen of the latter was sent to Kew by Mr. J. Medley 
Wood, Director of the Botanic Garden at Durban, Natal, 
to whom Kew is indebted for a very large collection of 
iNatal plants. Mingled with it was a portion of a large 
leaf belonging to the plant now described. Unfortunately 
when publishing S. Haygarthii in the Flora Gapensis, Mr. 
C. B. Clarke mistakenly supposed " the herbarium frag- 

November 1st, 1905. 

ment 26 in. wide," mentioned in the description, to belong 
to S. Haygarthii, in which the leaves are only six to ten 
inches long and four to six and a half inches wide at the 
most. From this cause we learn from Mr. Wood that seeds 
of the large leaved plant were sent as S. Haygarthii by 
Mr. Wood to Mr. W. E. Ledger, of Wimbiedon, who 
presented some to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in 
1904, from which the plant here figured was raised, and 
flowered this year from May to July. 

Descr. — Stemless. Leaf solitary, spreading on the 
ground, two to three and a half feet long, one to two and 
a quarter feet broad, ovate, cordate at the base, crenate, 
somewhat harshly pubescent on both sides with short, 
stiff, erect hairs, bright deep green ; veins impressed 
above, very prominent beneath. F Lower-stems numerous, 
one and a half to three and a half feet high, forking above 
into two to six elongating, lax racemes, pubescent like 
the leaf, purplish-brown. Flowers in pairs. Bracts very 
small, long, linear-subulate, acute. Pedicels half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, spreading, pubescent with simple 
and gland-tipped hairs. Sepals about one-sixth of an 
inch long, subulate, acute, erect, pubescent like the 
pedicels. Corolla-tube about one inch long, slightly curved 
downwards at the middle, subcylindric, pubescent with 
minutely gland-tipped hairs, light blue outside, white 
within, marked with two broad violet stripes in the throat; 
limb oblique, about three-quarters of an inch across ; lobes 
oblong, rounded, the two upper equal, light blue, the 
three lower unequal, paler blue with whitish disks. 
Stamens included ; two perfect on the lower side of the 
tube, three rudimentary and antherless on the upper side; 
filaments of the perfect stamens very short, glabrous, 
white; anthers subreniform, cohering, glabrous, whitish. 
Ooary with style included, terete, pubescent with spread- 
ing, jointed, sharp-pointed hairs (not gland-tipped, as 
represented on the plate) ; stigma capitate, transverse. 
Capsule three to three and a half inches long, about one 
line thick, twisted, harshly pubescent with simple hairs. — 
N. E. Bkown. 

Fig. 1, portion of a leaf; 2, calyx and pistil; 3, corolla laid open; 4 and 
5, anthers ; all enlarged ; 6, whole plant : much reduced. 




X.Rjeeve &.C? London. 

Tab. 8043. 


PaiMULACEiE. Tribe Primctle^e. 
Primula, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 631. 

Primula (§ Proliferaa) tangutica, Duthie in Gard. Citron. 1905, vol. xxxviii. 
p. 42, fig. 17; ex affinitate P. Maximoiviczii, a qua calycis lobis 
longioribus et corollas lobis angustissimis differt. 

Herha perennis, praater iaflorescentiam glabra, rbizomate brevi crasso. Folia 
omuia radicalia, 2-4| poll, longa, subcoriacea, glabra, anguste oblanceolata, 
obtusa vel sabacuta, basi in petiolum alatum attenuata, marginibus 
remote et minute denticulatis ; costa crassa, nervis lateralibus obscuris. 
Scapus robustus, teres, 1-3 ped. altne, apice tantum pnberulns. Flares 
verticillati, cernui, odorati; bracteas lineari-lanceolatas, pedicellis breviores, 
supra canaliculatae ; pedicelli 3-9 lin.longi, puberuli. Calyx quam corolko 
tubus brevior, inaequaliter 5-lobus, extra glaber, intra farinoso-puberulus ; 
lobi tubum subaequantes, triangulari-lanceolati, acuti, marginibus ciliatis, 
vel minute denticulatis. Corolla 9-10 lin. diametro, fusco- vel atro- 
purpurea; tubus 4-6 lin. longus, ore annulo pentagono instructus ; lobi 
reflexi, anguste ligulati. Stamina inclusa, medio tubi affixa; filamenta 
brevissima, infra dilatata. Ovarium subglobosum, stigma hemispbeericum, 
apice depressum. Capsula matura, oblongo-cylindrica, calycem excedens. 
■ — Primula Maximoiviczii, Regel, var. tangutica, Maxim, in Herb. Hort. 
Petrop. et Kew. 

Amongst tho many Primulas already known from 
Eastern Asia this species is chiefly remarkable for the 
peculiar colour of the flowers. It is most nearly related 
to P. Maximoiviczii, from which it differs by its narrower 
leaves, longer calyx-lobes, and by the very narrow seg- 
ments of the corolla. Specimens of this plant were first 
collected in 1880 by Przewalski in the Kansu province of 
N.W. China, and afterwards by Soulie (no. 951) at 
Tongolo in Eastern Tibet. The plant here figured was 
raised by Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons from seed collected by 
Mr. E. H. Wilson, who found it growing abundantly in 
open grassy places at elevations between 11,000 and 
13,000 feet. The flowers have a strong scent resembling 
that of Jasminum Sambac. 

Descr. — A perennial herb with a short, thick rootstock, 

quite glabrous, except on portions of the inflorescence. 

Leaves all radical, sub-coriaceous ; blade two to five inches 

long, narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse or subacute, tapering 

November 1st, 1905. 

gradually into the winged petiole ; margins remotely and 
minutely denticulate ; midrib stout ; veins obscure. Scape 
up to three feet high, rather stout, minutely puberulous 
near the top. Flowers in verticils of five to nine, 
drooping, sweet-scented ; bracts linear-lanceolate, shorter 
than the pedicels, channelled above. Calyx two-fifths of 
an inch long, shorter than the tube of the corolla, glabrous 
outside, minutely puberulous and farinose within ; lobes 
about as long as the tube, triangular-lanceolate, some- 
what unequal, margins ciliate or minutely denticulate. 
Corolla four-fifths of an inch across, dark brownish 
purple ; tube about half an inch long, the mouth surrounded 
by a raised pentagonal ring; lobes reflexed, narrowly 
ligulate. Stamens one-tenth, of an inch long; filaments 
very short, dilated downwards. Ovary subglobose, stigma 
hemispherical, with a depressed apex. Capsule oblong- 
cylindrical, projecting above the calyx. — J. F. Dothie. 

Fig. 1, portion of leaf ; 2, section of calyx with pistil ; 3, a corolla laid open ; 
4, pistil :— all enlarged. 




H.ReerwB &.C°Lan£an_ 

Tab. 8044. 


ORCiiiDACEy*. Tribe Vande^e. 
Lissochilus, B. Br.: Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. Hi. p. 536. 

Lissochilua TJgandse, Bolfe (sp. mow.) ; affinis, L. lato, Rolfe, sed sepalia 
longioribue, petalis fere dimidio angustioribus, labelli lobo intermedio vix 
undulato et sacco latiore diatiacta. 

Herba terrestris, tuberosa. Folia elongata, ligulata, subacuta, plicata, 2-3 ped. 
longa, 1 poll. lata. Scapus erectus, 3£ ped. altus, vaginis 4 tubuloais 
tectus. Bacemus compactus, 6-8 poll, longus, multiflorus. Bractex 
oblongo-lanceolataa, acutas, concavre, \ poll, longee. Pedicelli 9-11 lin. 
longi. Flores speciosi, rlavi, sepalorum apicibns brunneo suffusis, labelli 
lobis lateralibus brunneo-lineatis. Sepala reflexa, spathulato-oblonga, 
obtusa, concava, circa 1 poll, longa. Petala incurva, elliptico-oblonga, 
obtusa, 10 lin. longa. Labellum trilobnm, 1 poll, longum ; lobi laterales 
erecti, oblongi, obtusi, apice nndulati; lobus intermedius orbicnlari- 
oblongus, obtusus, lateribns reflexis leviter undulatis; discos ad basin 
3-carinatus, carinis crenulatis; saccus latissimus, obtusus, fere 3 lin. latus. 
Columna clavata, angulata, circa 6 lin. longa. 

Lissochilus is a large and characteristic African 
genus, which, unlike the allied genus Eulophia, does 
not extend its range through the eastern tropics. Over 
ninety species are now known, about eighty of which 
are limited to Tropical Africa, though a few extend 
south of the tropic, where several additional species 
occur, and there are four or five imperfectly known 
Mascarene representatives. Many of the species are 
strikingly handsome, though, owing to their large size 
and deciduous, terrestrial habits, they are not very common 
in cultivation. One of them ranks among the giants of 
the Order, namely, L. giganteus, Welw., which, according 
to Sir Harry Johnston, sometimes produces an inflorescence 
as much as sixteen feet high, and plants have reached half 
this height in cultivation. Five species have already been 
figured in this work, namely, L. EorsfalUi, Batem. 
(t. 5486), L Krebsii, Kchb. f. (t. 5861), L. Saudersoni, 
Kchb. f. (t. 6858), L. milanjianus, Rendle (t. 7546), and 
L. purpuratits, Lindl. (t. 7921). The genus is polymorphic, 

November 1st, 1905. 

and the flowers show a range of colour from yellow to 
various shades of lilac and purple, sometimes intermixed 
with green. 

Lissochilus Uganda?, Rolfe, is an interesting addition, 
which was sent to Kew, in 1902, by Mr. John Mahon, then 
Curator of the Botanic Gardens at Entebbe, Uganda, and 
flowered in a tropical house in April, 1905. 

Descr,—A terrestrial, tuberous herb with Phains-like 
habit. Leaves elongate, ligulate, subacute, plicate, two to 
three feet long by about an inch broad, glaucous green. 
Scape rather stout, three feet and a half high, with about 
four sheaths, from an inch to an inch and a half long, and 
tubular at the base ; raceme compact, six to eight inches 
long, bearing about two dozen flowers. Bracts oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, about half an inch long, concave. 
Pedicels three-quarters to an inch long. Flowers about 
two inches long, yellow, suffused with purple-brown at the 
apex of the sepals, and lined with light brown on the side 
lobes of the lip. Sepals reflexed, spathulate-oblong, obtuse, 
concave, an inch or more long. Petals incnrved°over the 
lip, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, rather shorter than the sepals. 
Lip strongly three-lobed, an inch long; side lobes erect, 
oblong, obtuse and undulate at the apex; front lobe 
orbicular-oblong, obtuse, reflexed, and undulate at the 
sides; disk with three nearly parallel keels extending to 
the base, thicker, and crenulate in front ; sac very broad 
and obtuse, about a quarter of an inch long. Column 
clavate, acute-angled, about half an inch lono\ R. A. 


Fig. 1 lip and column j 2, anther cap; 3 and 4, pollinarium, front and back 
view: — all enlarged. 


M.S.del J.NJitduiitK. 


LReeve &.C?J.onaarv. 

Tab. 8045. 

eeica australis. 

8. W. Europe and N. W. Africa. 

Ericace^:. Tribe Erice,e. 
Erica, Linn. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 590. 

Eiica australis, Linn. Mant. alt. p. 231 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1, vol. ii. p. 19 ; 
Benth. in D.C. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 666 ; Andr. Heaths, t. 52 ; species inter 
affines antherarum cristis unilateraliter serratis iusignis. 

Frutex ramosissimus, usque ad 6-7 ped. altue, ramis gracilibus nigro-pubes- 
centibas. Folia quaterna, vix semipollicai'ia, patentia, arete recurva. 
Flores rubro-purpurei, 3—4 lin. longi, 4-6 in ramulorum apicibas conferti, 
breviasime pedicellati. Bracteolse pnberulse, sepalis simillimEe et illis 
arete approximate. Corolla cylindrica, lobis 4 rotuudatis reflexis. 
Antheree basifixse, atrorubraj, brevissime exsertae, basi cristataa. Discus 
crenatus. Ovarium puberulum ; stylus glaber, distincte exsertus, stigmate 
capitato. — E. protrusa, Salisb. Prodr. Stirp. in Hort. Chap. Allert. Via:. 
(1796), p. 293. F. pistil laris, Salisb. in Trans. Linn. Soc". vol. vi. (1802), 
p. 3b'8. E. aragonensis, Willk. in Linngea, vol. xxv. p. 46. F. umbellata, 
Asso, Syn. Arag. p. 49. 

Aifcon, who calls this the " Spanish Heath," records it 
as having been introduced into cultivation in this country 
by George, Earl of Coventry, in 1769, and Salisbury had 
it in his garden at Chapel Allerton in 1796; but it is 
still rare in gardens, though one of the prettiest of the 
hardy species. This may be due to its being unable to 
withstand our severest winters, which one might expect 
from its geographical distribution. The present plantation 
at Kew has only been in existence since 1896, so that it 
has not passed through a season of extreme cold. It is 
recorded as attaining a height of six or seven feet, but is 
usually a busli about half that height. Like most of the 
heaths, it begins flowering when quite young, and it con- 
tinues in flower from April to July. It is a free grower, 
and perhaps the most ornamental of the out-door species ; 
the brightness of the colour of its flowers being its special 
attraction. In structure E. australis comes nearer our 
native E. Tetralia and E. cinerea than it does to the southern 
E. arborea and E. lusitanica. 

Descr. — A densely branched shrub, sometimes six or 
seven feet high, but usually less. Branches very slender, 

Novejibeb 1st, 1905. 

clothed with a black tomentum. Leaves in fours, about 
half an inch long, spreading at nearly right angles, 
margins closely recurved. Flowers bright purple-red, 
about a third of an inch long, borne in clusters of four to 
six at the ends of the branches, very shortly stalked. 
Bracteoles similar to the sepals, and closely applied to 
them, presenting the appearance of a double calyx. 
Corolla cylindrical ; lobes four, rounded, recurved. Anthers 
deep red, slightly exserted, crested at the base. Style 
slightly overtopping the stamens. — "W. Boiting Hemsley. 

Fig. 1, a whorl of leaves ; 2, a flower ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, disk and pistil : — 
all enlarged. 


KS deLJ.N Erich. 


X Reeve &_C° London. 

Tab. 8046. 
asparagus madagascarjensin. 

Liliacejb. Tribe Aspabagkjb. 
AspaKaGUS, Linn. ; Benth. et Kook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 7*!"). 

Asparagus madagascariensis, Baler in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. i20i! ; 
species A. scandenti, Thunb., accedens, caule erecto dilfert. 

Fnttex erectus, ramosus. Rami tenues, rigidi, valde 5-costati. Folia ad 
spinas breves latas recurvas reducta. Phyllocladia ternata, oblanceolata 
vel fere oblonga, leviter obliqua, cuspidata, 6 lin. longa, 1^ lin. lata. 
JFlores dilute lutei, ad apices ramulorum ternatitn dispositi, 3 lin. diara.; 
pedicelli prope medium articulati. Perianthii segmenta elliptica, obtusa. 
Stamina periantbio ajqnilonga. Ovarium distincte 3-lobatum ; stylus 
ovario requilongus, breviter :?-ramosus. liacca 3-lobata, t> lin. diam., 

This plant, which was received at Kew in 1903 from 
the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, under the name of 
Asparagus rusdfolius, produced an abundant crop of fruit 
in a tropical house in March last, and again flowered in 
May. Unlike most of the species of Asparagus grown for 
decorative purposes, it is not a climber, but an erect shrub 
with the appearance of a narrow-leaved form of Bnscus 
aculeatuSy Linn. The plant here figured was not much 
over a foot high, but in a note on a herbarium specimen 
collected by Dr. Cr. W. Parker, it is said to attain a height 
of twelve feet. The type specimen was collected nearly 
thirty years years ago at Antananarivo by Miss Helen 
Gilpin, of the Friends' Foreign Mission Association, and 
was erroneously described as a climber. Since then the 
species has been found in Central Madagascar by several 
other collectors. 

Descrl — An erect much-branched shrub. Branches 
slender, rigid, with about five prominent longitudinal 
ridges. Leaves developed as short, broad, recurved spurs, 
Phylloclades ternate, oblanceolate, or nearly oblong, 
slightly oblique, cuspidate, half an inch long, an eighth of 
an inch broad. Flowers yellowish, in fascicles of three at 
the ends of the branchlets, quarter of an inch in diameter ; 
pedicels articulated near the middle. Perianth-segments 
November Lst, 1905. 

elliptic, obtuse. Stamens nearly as long as the perianth. 
Ovary distinctly three-lobed ; style nearly as long as the 
ovary, shortly three-branched. Berry three-lobed, half an 
inch in diameter, crimson. — C. H. Weight. 

Tig. 1, portion of a branchlet bearing a leaf-spur; 2, the same, showing the 
insertion of three phylloclades ; 3 flowers ; 4, pistil: — all enlarged. 

Note to Tab. 8029. 

By a clerical error, Impatiens Holstii is stated to have 
been purchased for Kew in 1894. This antedates its 
introduction by ten years. It should have been 1904. 


M S AaU T N.iitahktH. 

Vine ant Brooks ,D ay & San_Lt d -~hnp 

L. Reeve &.C? LotvIoxl 

Tab. 8047. 


Orchidace/e. Tribe Vandeje. 

Lissochilus, JR. B>\ , Benth et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. in. p. 536; Rolfe in 
Thiselton-Dyer Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. vii. p. 70. 

Lissochilus Mahoni, Rolfe (sp. nov.); affinis L. giganteo, Rchb. f., labelli 
lobis lateralibus viridibua brunneo-striatis, carinis magis validioribus 

Herha terrestris, elata. decidua, habitu Phaiorum majorum. Folia lan- 
ceo'ata, acuminata, basi multo attenuata, plicata, 4|-5£ ped. longa, 3£-t 
poll, lata, viridia. Scapi validi, erecti, 6-8 ped. alti, infra medium 
vaginis tubulosis obtecti ; racemi compacti, multiflori. Bractese ovato- 
oblongae, acuminata? vel obtusse, convolutse, f-lj poll, longge, supra 
gradatim abbreviata?. Pedicelli lj-lf poll, longi. Flores specio^i, 
diametro maximo circiter tripollicares. Sepala refiVxa, obovato-oblonga, 
breviter acuminata, circiter 1 poll, louga, viridia, brunneo-suffus i. 
Petala ovato-orbicularia, subobtusa. vel obscure apicnlata, circiter 1£ poll, 
longa, roseo-lilacina. Labellum trilobum, circiter If poll, longum ; loin 
laterales erecti, late rotundati, crenulati, virides, intus venis brunneis 
paullo incrassatis radiati ; lobus medius patens, oblongus, obtusus, 
lateribus reHexis et crenulatis, ba«i viridis, i'ronte purpurea, veois atro- 
purpnreis; discus triearinatua ; calli validi, undulati, denticulati, pallide 
virides, basi subattenuati ; calcar conicum, circiter g poll, longum. 
Columna clavata, 9 lin. longa. 

Lissochilus Mahoni is a remarkable novelty, which was 
discovered by Mr. John Mahon, Curator of the Botanic 
Garden at Entebbe, Uganda, and sent to Kew in 19u2. 
It flowered in a tropical house in April, 1905, and for 
several weeks formed a conspicuous object, standing above 
the tank of the Victoria House. It is a plant of large 
dimensions, its scape reaching a height of eight feet, 
almost rivalling its near ally L. giganteus, Rchb. f., one of 
the giants of the family, which is an ornament of the 
muddy shores of the Congo basin, as described by Sir 
H. H. Johnston in his work on the Biver Congo, published 
in 1884. 

The group of species to which the two species mentioned 
belong is characterized by having broad or ovate bracts, 
and purple or lilac, occasionally white, petals, and com- 
prises about fourteen known species, all of them plants of 
hirge size. Three others are, or have been, in cultivation, 

Deckmbkk 1st, 1905. 

namely, L. Horsfallil, Batem. (Bot. Mag. t. 5486), L. 
Sandersoni, Bchb. f. (I.e., t. 6858), and L. roseus, Lindl. 
(Bot. Beg. 1844, t. 12). 

Descr. — A deciduous terrestrial Orchid of Phaius- 

like habit. Leaves lanceolate, acuminate, much attenuate 

at the base, plicate, four and a half to five and a half feet 

long, three and a half to four inches broad, bright green. 

Scape stout, erect, ultimately over eight feet high, with 

about four tubular sheaths, two to three inches long, 

below the middle, and bearing at the apex a compact 

raceme of about three dozen flowers. Brads ovate-oblong, 

acuminate or subobtuse, convolute, lower an inch and a 

half long, upper shorter. Pedicels one inch and a half to 

one and three-quarters long. Flowers among the largest 

in the genus. Sepals reflexed, obovate-oblong, shortly 

acuminate, about an inch long, green, suffused, and 

somewhat veined with brown. Petals ovate-orbicular, 

subobtuse or obscurely apiculate, about an inch and a 

quarter long by nearly as broad, rosy lilac, slightly darker 

behind. Lip three-lobed, about an inch and three-quarters 

long ; side lobes erect, broadly rounded, crenulate, green, 

with thickened, radiating brown nerves inside ; front lobe 

spreading, oblong, obtuse, reflexed at the sides, crenulate, 

purple in front, with darker nerves, passing into green at 

the base ; disc bearing three tall undulate, denticulate, 

whitish-green, parallel keels, two-thirds of the way up, 

the middle much dwarfer towards the base ; spur conical, 

half an inch long. Column clavate, about nine lines long. 

Capsule elliptical-oblong, obtusely ribbed at the three 

angles, somewhat verrucose and glaucous, two and a half 

inches long. — JK. A. RoLFB. 

Fig. 1, column; 2, anther case ; 3 and 4, pollinarium, seen from front and 
back ; o, sketch of whole plant :— 1-4, enlarged, 5, much reduced. 



"\fincenl Brooks r Day8c.San.LK*-'Iiop 

XR«ove «cC<? Lctadnrv. 

Tab. 8048. 
X. SAXIFRAGA apiculata. 

Of Garden Origin. 

Saxifragace^e. Tribe Saxifrages. 
Saxifraga, Linn. \ Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 635. 

Saxifraga apiculata, Engl, in Gard. Cliron. 1894, vol.i. p. 556, t. 68; Mottet 
in Eev. Mort. 1902, p. 231, t. 91 ; W. 8. in Journ. Sort. Ser. iii. vol. xliv. 
P- 186 ; stirps quoad folia ad S. sanctam, Griseb., quoad flores ad 
a. aretioidem, Lapeyr. spectans. 

Planta ca^spitosa, caudiculis sublignosis, densissime foliatis. Folia basalia 
lineari-oblonga, acute cuspidata, 4-6 lin. longa, 1 lin. lata, leviter carinata, 
crassa, usque ad medium vel altius ciliata, apice et margine cartikginea, 
apice foveola 1, utroque margine foveolis 3-5 instructa. Gaules jloriferi 
2-3£ poll, longi, glanduloso-pilosi, 5-9-flori, ramulis 1-2-floris. Folia 
caujina subspathulata, circiter 3 lin. longa. Galycis tubus turbinates, 
1 lin. longus, dense glanduloso-pilosus ; lobi ovato-oblongi, apiculati, 1| 
lin. longi, glandnloso-ciliati. Petala obovata, 3^ lin. longa, 2 lin. lata, 
patentia. Filamenta subulata, 2£ lin. longa. Anthers;, suborbiculares, 
basi cordatse. Ovarium semi-inferum, stylis leviter divergentibus, 2 lin. 
longis, stigmatibus capitellatis. — S. Malyi, X, Hurt, ex Gard. Chron. 1894, 
i. 556. <S'. luteo-purpurea, Hort. I.e., nonaliorum. 

Saxifraga apiculata is a plant of somewhat uncertain 
parentage, it is stated, on the authority of the Rev. 
C. Wolley Dod, to have been raised by the late Mr. Franz 
Maly, Curator of the Imperial Gardens, Belvedere, near 
Vienna, by crossing 8. Friderici-Augusti and 8. sancta, 
but experimental verification is desirable. 8. apiculata is 
a plant of vigorous growth, and flowers in the months 
of February and March, considerably earlier than most of 
the genus, and is especially valuable on that account as a 
greenhouse plant. There is a fine patch of S. apiculata in 
the Rock Garden at Kew, where it flowers freely, but does 
not produce perfect capsules, a fact tending to confirm its 
hybrid origin. The plant figured flowered in the Alpine 
House in March of the present year. 

Descr. — A tufted plant. Stems rather woody, very 
Jeafy. Basal leaves linear-oblong, sharply cuspidate, about 
half an inch long, slightly keeled, ciliate for at least the 
lower half, with a row of seven to eleven pits on the upper 
surface inside the cartilaginous margin. Flowering stems 
two to three and a half inches long, glandular-hairy, rive- 
to nine-flowered. Cauline leaves subspathulate, about a 

December 1st, 1905. 

fourth of an inch long. Calyx-tube turbinate, a twelfth of 
an inch long, densely glandular-hairy ; lobes ovate-oblong, 
apiculate, glandular-ciliate. Petals pale yellow, obovate, 
about a third of an inch long, spreading. — T. A. Speague. 

Fig. 1, leaf ; 2, calyx and pistil; 3 and 4, anthers : — all enlarged. 



• ScCPLandan.. 

Tab. 8049. 

South Africa. 

Composite. Tribe Asteroide^e. 

Felicia, Cass. ; Benfh. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 274 ; Saw. in Harv. 
et Sond. Fl. Gap. vol. iii. p. 69, sab Astere. 

Felicia echinata, Nees, Gen. et Sp. Aster, p. 216; DG. Prodr. vol. v. p. 222; 
ab affini F. reflexa, DC. (Bot. Mag. t. 884) floribus radii caeruleiB, 
achasniiB disci pilosis pappoque differt. 

Fruticulus 1-2 ped. altus. Rami erecti, dense foliati, longiuscule pilosi. 
Folia sessilia, patnla vel + deflexa, oblongo-lanceolata, pungenti-apiculata, 
basi angustata, 4-10 lin. longa, 1^-3 lin. lata, longiuscule ciliata (rarias 
linda), obscure pellucido-puuctata. Pedunculi solitarii terminales vel 
plures corymbosi, sparse foliati. Involucri hractese lanceolato-oblongaa, 
acuminata^, pellucido-marginataB, dense ciliolatae, extra glabra vel + 
bispidae. Flores radii -. tubus 1-1^ lin. longus, superne, ut ligulse basin, 
extra sparse pilosus ; ligula 4-5 lin. longa, f-l lin. lata, apice tridentata. 
Achsenia glabra; pappi setse 1^-2 lin. longze, inconspicue barbellatae. 
Flores disci: tubus 1^-2 lin. longus, extra glaber (vel supra minutissime 
puberulus) ; lobi f lin. longi, J Tin. lati. Achasnia subappresse pilosa; 
pappus floruna radii. — Felicia Paralia, DC. Prodr. vol. v. p.*222. Pteronia 
echinata, Thunb. Fl. Cap. p. 629. Aster echinatus, Less. Syn. Comp. 
p. 177 ; Harv. in Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. vol. iii. p. 77. 

Felicia echinata has been grown in the Temperate House 
at Kew for many years, but does not seem to have been 
recorded hitherto as cultivated in Europe. As grown at 
Kew formerly, F. echinata was a loose, straggling, few- 
flowered shrub, but it has now, by repeated cutting-back, 
been made to assume a compact form, and to flower freely 
in spring. 

Barvey (FL Gap. vol. iii. p. 77) distinguished two 
varieties, a. echinata proper and y8. Paralia (Felicia 
Paralia, DC), differing chiefly in the hairiness of the 
involucral bracts, but it seems undesirable to keep up his 
varieties, since they are connected by intermediate forms, 
as he himself admitted. 

The fact of the disc achenes of F. echinata being 
pilose was not noticed by De Candolle, who, followed by 
Harvey, placed the species in a section with glabrous 

Descr. — A small shrub, one to two feet high. Branches 
erect, very leafy, covered with longish hairs. Leaves 

December 1st, 1905. 

sessile, spreading, or deflexed, oblong-lanceolate, with 
pungent apex, narrowed towards the base, a third to 
three-quarters of an inch long, a ninth to a quarter of an 
inch broad, ciliate, rarely naked, with very obscure pellucid 
dots. Peduncles with scattered bract-like leaves, solitary 
and terminal, or several in a corymb. Bracts of the 
involucre lanceolate-oblong, acuminate, with pellucid 
margins, densely ciliate, glabrous, or more or less hispid 
outside. Ray-flowers lilac — corolla-tube about a twelfth 
of an inch long, pilose outside, towards the top ; ligule 
about a third of an inch long, about a twelfth of an inch 
broad, three- toothed at the apex. Achenes glabrous ; 
pappus inconspicuously barbulate. Disc flowers yellow — 
Achenes pilose, with subappressed hairs ; pappus like that 
of the ray. — T. A. S Prague. 

Fig. 1, leaf, 2, a ray-floret ; 3, pappus ; 4, a disc-floret ; 5, anthers ; 6, style- 
arms : — all enlarged. 


U SdelJN.PucKkth. 

Vincerit Brooks Day &.S 

LRpW! 8c C9 L anion 

Tab. 8050. 


Conifer*. Tribe Taxodie,*. 
Sciadopitys, Sieb. & Zucc. ; Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 437. 

Sciadopitys verticillata, Sieb. 8f Zucc. Fl. Jap. vol. ii. p. 1, tab 1, 2 ; species 

Arbor excelsa, sempervirens, pyramidalis, rarais patentibns. Folia sqnamosi- 
formia, deltoidea. Cladodia prope apices ramulorum verticillata, hori- 
zontaliter expansa, foliiformia, lineana, rigida, apice obtusa, brevissime 
bitida, supra saturate viridia, Ditida, leviter sulcata, infra sulco profuodo 
niveo prasdita. Flores masculini ovoidei, in racemum congestum ter- 
minnleai subsessilern bracteis paucis membranaceis brevibus suffultum 
aggregati. Stamina late oblonga, apice acuto reflexo. Loculi 2, penduli, 
oblongi, rima longitudiDali dehiscentes. Pollen globosum, minute tuber- 
culatum. Strobilus femineus ad 3 poll, longus, Ih poll, latus, terminalis, 
deinde innovatione accrescente lateralis, cladodiis prolatis Kiepe coronatus, 
crassns, ovoideo-oblongus, breviter pedunculatus, pedunculo bracteis 
paucis membranaceis prajdito. Squama ovulifera majuscula, bractete 
breviori metnbranaceae apice acuto reflexo adnata, orbiculari-rhomboidea, 
carnosa, infra viridi-', margine Inunneo. Ovula 6-9, compressa. — Taxua 
verticillata, Thnnb. Fl. Jap. 276. Pinus verticillata, Sieb. in Verband. 
v. b. Batav. Genootsch. vol. xii. p. 12. 

Sciadopitys, like Gingko, stands alone amongst Coniferae, 
with no obvious affinities or immediate allies. Both, it 
must therefore be conjectured, come down to us from a 
remote geological past, which has obliterated all trace of 
their immedate ancestors or contemporary congeners. It 
is a native of Japan, where it was long only known to 
botanists from a few individuals cultivated in temple- 
gardens. Professor Sargent, however, found it forming 
forests on mountains in the Province of Mino, where it 
attains the height of 100 feet, and its timber is an article 
of commerce. 

It was first made known to European botanists by 
T him berg, who saw it in cultivation during his visit to 
Japan (1775-6). As he supposed it to be a species of 
yew with which it has not the slightest affinity, it is clear 
that he could not have seen the cone, biebold first 
accurately described it in 1842, and gave it a scientific 
name which is a literal translation of " Umbrella Pine," 
December 1st, 1905. 

as it is called in Japanese, on account of the shoots, which 
serve as leaves, spreading out like the ribs of an umbrella. 
The first plant which reached Europe was obtained by 
Thomas Lobb in 1853 from the Buitenzorg Botanic 
Garden, to which, owing to Dutch influence, many Japan- 
ese plants had been introduced. This did not long 
survive, but in 1861 Mr. John Gould Yeitch brought 
seeds from Japan, and about the same time they were 
obtained by Robert Fortune. 

The figure is from the oldest plant in the Kew Pinetum. 
It was probably obtained, as were many subsequent 
specimens, from Messrs. Yeitch. Although the second 
largest recorded specimen in the couutry, it grows very 
slowly, and has only attained the height of fifteen feet. 

Sciadopitys is of peculiar interest to botanists on account 
of the anomalous character of what, for want of a better 
term, must be called its "foliage." This at first sight 
consists of " leaves " not unlike those of a Pine. They 
are, however, really leaf -like shoots (cladodla) produced in 
the axils of the true leaves, which are reduced to mere 
membranous scales. This was first pointed out by the late 
Alexander Dickson (Report of the London Botanical 
Congress, 1866, p. 124). It was confirmed by the in- 
teresting observations of Carriere (Rev. Hort. 1868, 
pp. 150-151) who met with a case in which they divided, 
and produced secondary tufts of leaf-like organs, be- 
having, in fact, like true branches. The problem was 
discussed on anatomical grounds by Von Mohl in 1871, in 
the last paper published by that eminent botanist. He 
arrived at the conclusion, in which he has been generally 
followed, that the cladode of Sciadopitys is an axillary shoot 
or branch with two coherent leaves. 

The systematic position of Sciadopitys amongst Coni- 
fers is not easily defined, and must probably remain more 
or less artificial. Bentham and Hooker include it amongst 
the Araucarieae, from which it is aberrant, in having 
numerous ovules. I have followed Parlatore, Masters, 
and others, in placing it in Taxodieas. 

Descr. — An evergreen tree, reaching 100 feet in Japan. 
Bark reddish-brown, deciduous in strips. Branches sub- 
verticillate, spreading horizontally. Leaves scale-like, 
deltoid, caducous, bearing in their axils cladodes or leaf- 

like shoots. Cladodes in verticils of 20-30, spreading, 
two to four inches long, linear, rigid, apex obtuse 
minutely bifid, dark green and shining with a median 
groove above, paler beneath with a white median furrow. 
Male flowers ovoid, half an inch long, in a terminal com- 
pact raceme, about one inch long, subsessile, with a few 
short membranous bracts. Stamens broadly oblong, 
shortly stipitate, apex acute reflexed. Cells, 2, pendu- 
lous, oblong, dehiscing by a vertical slit. Pollen globular, 
minutely tuberculate. Female cone terminal, afterwards 
thrown to one side by the growth a lateral branch, 
often crowned by sterile cladodes, about three inches 
long, one and a half inch broad, oblong-ovoid, shortly 
stalked ; peduncle with a few membranous bracts. Ovuli- 
ferous scale rather large, about three-quarters of an inch 
wide, longer than and adnate to the subtending bract, 
orbicular-rhomboid, fleshy, green below, with a brown 
margin. Bract membranous, apex acute reflexed. Ovules 
6-9, compressed — W. T. T.-D. 

Fig. 1, section of leaf, magnified; 2, anther front, and 3, back view, 
magnified ; 4, bract and ovulit'erous scale back, and 5, front view (young) ; 
6, young ovule (magnified) ; 7, bract and ovnliferous scale back, and 8, front 
view of latter (mature) ; 9, young seed magnified. 


-■ -Mm VvSv 



Vincent Broote.DawASorLLt* imp 

L. Reeve &. C?Lo:n.cLan 

Tab. 8051. 

PKIMULA Veitchji. 

Primulace*. Tribe Primule^e. 
Primula, Linn.; Benth. et Book. f. Gen. Plant vol. ii. p. 631. 

Primula (§ Aleuritia) Veitchii, Duthie in Gard. Chron. vol. xxxvii. (1905), 
i. p. 344, cum tab. in Suppl. ; ex affinitate P. cortusoidei, Linn., 
a qua habitu robustiore, foliis et floribus majoribus, et foliorum pagina 
inferiore copiose pubescente differt. 

Serha perennis, rhizomate gracili horizontali. Folia omnia radicalia, petio- 
lata; lamina 3-4 poll, longa et lata, ovata, cordata, bullata, alte lobata ; 
lobi imbricati, 3-5-dentati, dentibus obtusis vel subacutis, marginibus 
ciliati8; pagina superior viridis, parce hirsuta, inferior tomento albo 
subfloccoso induta, costa, et nervis primariis crassis valde prominentibus ; 
petiolas laminam subaequans, pilosus. Scapi robusti, 9-14 poll, alti, 
dense pnberuli. Flores umbellati vel verticillati, roseo-purpurei ; pedi- 
celli 9-12 lin. longi, bracteas superantes, puberuli ; bractea? numerosa% 
anguste elliptico-lanceolatae, marginibus ciliatis. Calyx 6 lin. longns, 
brunneo-viridis, extra copiose intra vix pnbeacenf, lobis circa 2 lin. 
longis, lmeari-Ianceolatis, marginibus ciliatis. Corolla hypocrateriformis, 
1 poll, diametro, extra puberula; tubus 4-5 lin. longus, saepius rnbro 
suffusus, ore flavo annulo anrantiaco conspicue circumcincto, lobis obcor- 
datis ad basim cuneatis. JFilamenta brevissima, infra dilatata. Capsula 
matura calycem duplo superans. 

This is one of the handsomest of the more recently 
imported Chinese primulas, and will probably prove to be 
a valuable addition to the list of the cultivated species of 
this favourite genus. In general habit it approaches 
P. cortasoides, but it is a much more robust plant, and 
with larger and broader leaves, the under surface of which 
is densely clothed with whitish floccose tomentum ; the 
flowers also are much larger, and of a deeper rose colour. 
It was discovered by Mr. E. H. Wilson on the mountains 
of Western Szechuen, growing on cliffs and exposed spots, 
at elevations between 8,000 and 10,000 feet. The 
accompanying plate was prepared from material supplied 
by Messrs. J. Veitch & Sons, from their Nursery at 
Coombe Wood. 

Descr. — A perennial herb. Rhizome slender, horizontal. 
Leaves all radical, petioled ; blade three to four inches in 
length, and as broad as long, ovate, cordate, rugose or 
subbullate, deeply lobed ; lobes imbricate, coarsely 3-5-fid., 

December 1st, 1905. 

teeth obtuse or subacute, margins ciliate ; upper surface 
green, sparingly pubescent, densely clothed beneath with 
white floccose {omentum, midrib and primary nerves stout 
and prominent ; petiole nearly as long as the blade, pilose. 
Scape stout, overtopping the leaves, densely puberulous. 
Flowers umbelled, or occasionally in verticils, rose-purple; 
bracts many, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, the edges ciliate ; 
pedicels exceeding the bracts, puberulous. Calyx half an 
inch long, brownish green, pubescent outside, sparingly 
so within, teeth one-third the length of the ovate tube, 
linear-lanceolate, ciliate. Corolla salver-shaped, about one 
inch in diameter, finely puberulous outside ; tube about a 
third of an inch long, usually tinged with red ; mouth 
yellow, surrounded by an orange-coloured ring ; lobes 
obcordate, cuneate below. Filaments very short, dilated 
at the base. Capsule twice as long as the calyx when ripe. 
— J. F. Dothie. 

Fig. 1, portion of under surface of leaf ; 2, calyx and pistil ; 3, vertical section 
of ditto ; 4, vertical Bection of corolla : — all enlarged. 


To Vol. I. of the Fourth Series, or Vol. CXXXI. of the 
whole Work. 

8005 iEchmea lavandulacea. 

7999 Angelonia integerrima. 

8046 Asparagus madagascariensis. 

8021 Bowkeria gerrardiana. 
8037 Brachyglottis repanda. 

8000 Bulbophyllum crenulatum. 

8009 Burbidgea schizocheila. 

8022 Cacalia tuberosa. 

7992 Cadalvena spectabilis. 

8007 Catasetum christyanum. 
8033 Cirrhopetalum breviscapum. 
8040 Colchicum hydrophilum. 

8015 „ libanoticum. 

8025 „ Steveni. 
8024 Coleus shirensis. 

8010 Cotoneaster rotundifolia. 

7993 Cotyledon elegans. 
8036 „ insignis. 
8003 Dendrobium regium. 

8008 Derris alborubra. 
8045 Erica australis. 
8018 ,, lusitanica. 
8049 Felicia echinata. 
8039 Forsythia europaea. 

8001 Gnidia polystachya. 

8016 Hippophae rhamnoides. 
8029 Impatiens Holstii 

(See also under 8046). 

8047 Lissocbilus Mahoni. 
8044 „ Ugandae. 
8014 Listrostachys bidens. 

8026 „ Monteirae. 

8020 Ly caste Locusta. 

8027 Meconopsis integrifolia. 

8041 Mormodes buccinator, var. 

8017 Nepenthes Bajah. 
8006 Nicotiana forgetiana. 

8031 Odontoglossum ramulosum. 
8023 Pernettya mucronata. 

8032 Petasites japonicus. 

7994 Phyllostachys nigra. 

8011 Pinanga maculata. 
8030 Plectranthus crassus. 
8043 Primula tangutica. 
8051 „ Veitchii. 

8034 Prunus pendula. 

8012 ,, Pseudo-cerasus. 
8019 Bhabdothamnus Solandri 

(See also under 8031). 

8013 Bhipsalis dissimilis, var. 

8002 Bomneya trichocalyx. 
8004 Bosa Hugonis. 
8048 Saxifraga apiculata. 
8050 Sciadopitys verticillata. 

8035 Scilla messeniaca. 
8038 Skimmia japonica. 

8042 Streptocarpus grandis. 

7995 Swainsona maccullocbiana. 

8028 Tetratheca thymifolia. 
7998 Tulipa linifolia. 

7996 Vanilla Huiublotii. 

7997 Yucca guatemalensis. 




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THE NARCISSUS: its History and Culture. 


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