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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



COMPBIS1NG THE 



plants; of tfje &opai <§aroens of leto, 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN ; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., C.B., K.C.S.I., 

F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 

D.C.L. OXON., LL.D. CANTAB., COEEESPONBENT OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE. 



VOL. L. £3 
OF THE THIRD SERIES. 

(Or Vol. CXX. of the Whole Work.) 




"^fjwj — =ss 



"By Nature's swift and secret-working hand 
The garden grows, and fills the liberal air 
With lavish fragrance ; while the promised fruit 
Lies yet a little embryo, unperceived, 
Within its-ciimsonffolds." r* j 

Mo. dot. Garden, thoksojt. 

LONDON: 
L. REEVE & CO., 6, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN 

1894. 

[All ri'jhts reierved."] 



LOWDOlf : 
HUKTBD BY OILBEHT JLND EITIJf GTOIf , IIMITED, 
»T. JOSX'S HOUSE, CLEKKSSVTHLL, B.C. 



TO 



CHAELES FORD, ESQ., F.L.S. 

Superintendent, Botanical and Afforestation Department of Hong 

Kong. 



Dear Me. Ford, 

It is both a duty and a pleasure to offer you the 
dedication of a Volume of the Botanical Magazine, a 
work which contains figures of so many interesting and 
beautiful Chinese plants, introduced by you into the Royal 
Gardens of Kew. 

Let me at the same time offer you my hearty con- 
gratulations on the success of your official labours as 
Botanist and Forester, which have contributed so largely 
to the resources, the health, and the beauty of your Island 
Home. 

Believe me, 

Dear Mr. Ford, 

Most truly yours, 

J. D. HOOKER. 

The Camp, Sunningdale. 
Dec. 1st, 1894. 






L. — JA'K 




CI)tv3 levies. 

No. 589. 

OB No. ]2oO OF T 






CURTIS'S 

OTANICAL MAGAZINE 






THE PLANTS OF 



:DENS 




1R BOTA, 



Sf HOO 

Tstt SMrtctor o, ink ©artwu 





IEMIPTERA HOMOPTEM OF THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 

Fo 



THE BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS OF TENERIFFE. 



THE MMENOPTERA ACULEATA OF THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 

BRITISH FUNGI, Phycomyeetes and Ustilaginese. 



BRITIS H F XT TV Gr O L, O O \T . 



HANDBOOK OF THE BRITISH FLORA: 

A i 



ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE BRITISH FLORA: 



JOURNAL OF BOTANY 






733Z 




M..S MJN.FrtdiHh 



irooks,D,iy A. Son Imp 



Tab. 7332. 
sobralia xantholeuca. 

Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Orciiide^. — Tribe NzoTTIKA. 
Genus Sobbaua, Ruiz 8f Pav. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 590.) 



Soivralia xantholeuca ; elata, caulibus fnsco-maculatis, foliis lanceolatis 
attennato-acuminatis 8-10-nerviis, bracteis paucis 1-2-pollicaribns line- 
aribus viridibus acutis, floribus maxitnis terminalibus sessilibus citrirus, 
sepalis 4|-pollicai - ibus lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis consimilibius 
panllo brevioribus, labelli sepalis asqnilongi tabo cylindraceo, lamina 
ampla rotundata, marginibus late recurvis crispato-undulatis et crenatis, 
fauce aurea luteo striolata. 

S. xantholeuca (fteichb. f. ?) in TTort. Vereekaff. (1831). Warner and 
Williams, Orchid- Album, vol. vi. t. 250. E. Andre in 1{. r. H<,)-{ic. 1890, 
p. 12 cum Ic. Sander, Reichenbachia, vol. i. p. 201, t. 44. Garden, vol. 
xxii. p. 508, t. 366. Williams Orchid Qrowert' Mem, Ed. (', n. :,7c, 
Gard. Chron. (1889), i. p. 8, f. 1. 



This magnificent species, which rivals in the size of its 
flowers 8. macrantha, Lindl. (Plate 4446), and is of a 
much stouter habit, is a native of the same country, 
Guatemala, where it was discovered by Mr. H. Von 
Turkheim, at Alt a Paz, in the province of St. Christobas, 
at an elevation of 4500 feet above the sea. There is a 
specimen of it in the Herbarium of Kew collected by its 
discoverer, and presented, with a fine Herbarium from the 
same country, by Capt. John Donnell Smith, of Baltimore, 
author of a valuable " Catalogue of Guatemalan Plants," of 
which three parts with good drawings of new species 
have already appeared. The flowers of the native speci- 
men are of the same dimensions as those of the cultivated 
one here figured, as are others taken from plants grown 
in this country. In the " Gardener's Chronicle " cited 
above, mention is made, and an excellent wood-engraving 
given, of a specimen in the collection of T. Harcourt 
Pownall, Esq., of Drinkstone Park, Bury St. Edmund's, 
bearing eight opened flowers, and in the same work it is 
stated that at later periods the same plant bore in succes- 

J'axuauy 1st. 1894. 



sive years fifty-six and sixty-eight flowers between the 
months of July and September. 

The only other yellow- flowered speciesof thegenus hither- 
to figured is 8. chlorantha, Hook. (Plate 4682), a native of 
Para, it has broader elliptic-oblong subcoriaceous obscurely 
nerved leaves, and much smaller flowers, with a narrower 
lip than 8. xantholeuca. 

There is a doubt as to the authority of the name xantho- 
leuca, but I think it may be traced to Mr. Vershaffelt's 
Nursery, and that Reichenbach applied it in or about 
1880. rr 

The plant here figured was obtained from Messrs. F. 
bander and Co. in 1892, and flowered in the cool orchid 
house of the Royal Gardens, in July, 1893, the stem being 
then two feet high. 

Descr.— Stems tufted, two feet high, as thick as a goose- 
quill, clothed with the appressed leaf sheaths which are 
pale greenish speckled with red-brown. 'Leaves 6-7 inches 
long, spreading and drooping, sessile on the sheaths, lan- 
ceolate, narrowed into long points, plaited with parallel 
deeply sunk nerves which answer to as many strong nerves 
beneath, dark green. Bracts few, 1-2 inches long, con- 
volute, acute. Flowers solitary, terminal, colour lemon- 
yellow, with a golden throat to the lip streaked with darker 
yellow ; ovary short. Sepals 3^-4^ inches long, liuear- 
lanceolate, acuminate, spreading and recurved. Petals 
similar, but rather shorter. Lip not longer than the 
sepals ; tube cylmdric, lamina orbicular, spreading with 
broad recurved, crispily waved crenate margins. Column 
long. — /. D. H. 



Fig«. 1 and 2, column ; 3, anther; 4 and 5, pollinia -.-All enlarged. 




2f3K3K!P* *< 




Tab. 7333. 
KALANCHOE marmoeata. 

Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace^. 
Genus Kalanchoe, Adans. ; (Benth. & Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 659.) 



Kalanchoe marmorata; glaberrima, caule robusto ramoao tereti, foliia 
magnis crassissimis obovatis v. obovato-oblongis subsessilibus crenatis 
maculatis apice rotundatis, cymis trichotomis, floribus crasse pedicellatis 

f>eduacnlis pedicellisque albo virescentibus v. purpurascentibus, calycis 
aciniis pollicaribus lanoeolatis flavo-viridibus, corolla tubo 4-pollieari 
angulato baai inflato, limbi 2-poll. lati lobis ovatis candato-acuminatis 
albis, squamulis linearibus, antheris sessilibus biseriatis, sty lis filiformibus. 
K. marmorata, Baker in Gard. Chron. (1892) vol. ii. p. 300. 

K. grandiflora, A. Rich. Tent. Fl. Abyss, vol. i. p. 310. Sprenger in Garten~ 
flora, t. 1394. Walp. Ann. Bot. vol. ii. p. 668 (non Wight if Am.). 



Specimens of this noble species were sent to Kew for 
figuring in this work by my friend Thos. Hanbury, Esq., 
F.L.S., from his garden at Palazzo Orengo, Mortola, near 
Ventimiglia. Unfortunately an octavo plate does not 
admit of a full-sized figure of the fully developed leaves, 
which attain a length of eight to ten inches by four to five 
in breadth, are obovate, narrowed into a very broad short 
petiole, and are of a light green blotched with purple ; the 
midrib in the upper surface towards the base bears 
sometimes short thick ear-shaped lobes. 

K. marmorata was discovered in 1839 or thereabouts by 
M. Petit, a botanist sent out with a French expedition of 
discovery into Abyssinia, in the province of Ifat, and was 
published by A. Richard as K. grandiflora, overlooking the 
fact that this name had been previously applied by Wight 
to an Indian species which is figured on Plate 5460 of this 
work. 

Mr. Hanbury sends me the following information re- 
garding his plant, communicated to him by Professor 
Penzig, Director of the " Genoa Botanical Gardens." K. 

Jan laky 1st, 1894. 



marmorata was found, firstly in seed only, by Professor 
Schweinfurth, on Mt. Lalamba, near Keren, in March, 
1891 ; and on a second expedition to the same mountain 
the specimens were procured which were received at the 
Genoa Gardens. The plant grew at the fort, and in the 
fissures of a coarse dark granite, north oi the fort, and at 
above 9500 feet alt. The species sustains, dryness so 
well, that specimens collected March 20th, and packed in 
a little moss, bore the long journey very well, and arrived 
(at Genoa) in a capital state on the 1st May." 

Mr. Han bury further informs me that K. marmorata 
has not flowered at Genoa, but has abundantly in the drier 
and sunnier climate of Mortola. 

Descr. — A very stout low branching shrub. Leaves 
opposite, six to eight inches long, obovate, narrowed into a 
short broad petiole, pale green blotched with purple, mar- 
gins undulate or crenate ; young smaller, orange-green 
with blood-red spots, and more deeply crenate. Floivers 
in large branched compound panicles ; peduncles stout, 
pedicels one to one and a half inch long, and small subulate 
bracts pale flesh-coloured. Sepals one to one and a half 
inch long, lanceolate, erect. Gorolla creamy-white, tube 
three inches long or more, slender, obscurely angled and 
twisted ; lobes ovate, caudate-acuminate. Stamens eight, 
in two rows within the mouth of the corolla, filaments 
adnate to the corolla ; anthers oblong, tipped by the con- 
nective. Dish of 4 erect threads. Ovary ovate-lanceolate, 
tapering into 4 filiform styles with small capitate stigmas. 
—J. D. H. 



Pig. 1, Upper part of corolla laid open, showing the stamens; 2 and 3, 
anthers ; 1, ovary and disk threads ; — All enlarged. 



7334 










Tab. 7334. 

ERYTHROXYLON Coca. 

Native of South America. 

Nat. Ord. Linejs. — Tribe Erythkoxtle^e, 
Genus Ekytheoxylon, Linn. ; {Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 244.) 



Erythuoxylon Coca; frutex ramulis gracilibus rufo-brunneis, foliis ellipticis 
v. elliptico v. obovato-oblongis apiee rotundatis acutis retusisve saapissime 
apiculatis membraQaceis uti'inque plica obacura notatis glaberrimis basi 
in petiolum brevem angustatia, stipulis dimidiato-lanceolatis ramulis 
appre^sis, floribna fascicnlatia breviter pedicellatis £ poll, diam., calycis 
dentibas acutis, petalia stramineis intus appendice biloba lata instructis, 
staminibus^petalis brevioribua, drupa lineari-oblonga. 

E. Coca, Lamk. Diet. vol. ii. p. 393. Cav. Diss. vol. viii. p. 402, t. 229. Ruiz. 
SfZPuv. Fl. Peruv. Tab. ined. 398. DO. Prodr. vol. i. p. 575. Hook. 
Comp. Bot. Mag. vol. i. p. 161, and vol. ii. p. 25, t. 21. Martins, in 
Muench. Abhandl. vol. iii. p. 367, t. 6. Bentl. Sf Trimen, Medicin. PL 
vol. i. t. 40 {var. novo-granatensiB. Kew Bulletin, 1889, p. 5. 



The literature, historical, commercial, botanical and 
pharmaceutical, of the Coca plant, is very extensive, and 
is fully given in an article in the Kew Bulletin cited 
above, from which most of the following information is 
culled. 

Erythroxylon Coca, Lamk., of which the figure here given 
represents one of several more or less distinct cultivated 
varieties, was first brought to notice in a posthumous work 
printed in Seville in 1580, on the Medicinal substances of 
the Spanish West Indies, by Nicholas Monardes, a Spaniard. 
It was described and named botanically, first by La- 
marck (Diet. vol. ii. p. 393) in 1786, from specimens col- 
lected by Joseph Jussieu in Peru ; and was first figured 
by Cavanilles (Diss. viii. t. 229) in 1790. This was fol- 
lowed by a graphic account of the cultivation, value and 
properties of the Coca plant by Poeppig in his Travels in 
Chili and Peru, who gave details regarding the value of 
the leaf used as a masticatory in maintaining and restoring 
muscular strength, which I can well remember being re- 
garded as highly coloured if not fabulous. Poeppig's 
account was translated for Sir W. Hooker's " Companion 

Jaxuaky 1st, 1894. 



• 

to the Botanical Magazine," where there is also a figure 
of one variety of the plant, collected by Mr. Matthews 
of Lima, at Chinchao in Peru. The latter publication was 
mainly instrumental in directing the attention of the 
medical faculty to theCoca.the therapeutical history of which 
will be found in Bentley and Trimen's work cited above. 
It is enough to say that the trials made in England with the 
dried leaf, or with the active alkaloid " Cocaine " procured 
from the leaf, were not up to that time encouraging. More 
recently very careful experiments have been made with 
Cocaine by Dr. H. H. Eusby, of New York, and published 
id the " Therapeutic Gazette," uuder the title of " Coca at 
home aDd abroad." Dr. Rusby says, " The effects of 
Cocaine as a nerve stimulus applied to intellectual and 
emotional activity are ruinous. It takes away appetite, 
abolishes the sensations of hunger and thirst, lessens waste 
during exertion, and decreases the exhaustion of ill-fed 
labourers and travellers. Beyond this Cocaine has no 
supporting or nourishing power whatever, and its essential 
action is enfeebling. Every attempt made to support by 
it athletic competition has resulted irf failure, or even 
disaster." Comparatively recently a more excellent pro- 
perty has been found in Cocaine, namely, that of an 
anaesthetic, especially useful in operations on the eye. 

Nevertheless the use of the leaf prevails throughout 
almost the whole length and breadth of South America. 
Its cultivation covers an enormous area ; Bolivia produces 
7,500,000 pounds of the dried leaf annually, Peru 
15,000,000, and the produce of the Argentine Province, 
together with Paraguay and parts of Brazil, must be 
enormously greater. 

As is to be expected in the case of a plant cultivated 
over so great an area, it has given origin to different local 
forms, amongst which none can be regarded scientifically 
as the type, owing to the fact that the native country of 
the species has not been satisfactorily ascertained. 

In such a case recourse must be had to the principle 
ot priority, and the first satisfactorily designated or de- 
picted form must be regarded as the type, namely, the 
ti, coca ot Lamarck, who describes and figures a Peruvian 
specimen with elliptic ovate acute leaves. With this form 
that here figured sufficiently accords. Specimens of it have 



been received from the Botanical Gardens of Demerara, 
Ceylon, Darjeeling, Alipore (Calcutta), and the Jardin des 
Plantes; and dried leaves from Peru and various other 
sources ; it is distinguished by the rather large leaves 
with an acute or rounded apiculate apex. Another form, 
var. novo-granatensis, with smaller leaves, often retuse 
at the apex with an apiculus, is figured in Bentley and 
Trimen's Medicinal Plants, vol. i. t. 40. It is cultivated 
in New Grenada, and was presented to Kew in 1869 by 
A. Dixon, Esq., of Cherkley Court, Leatherhead, who 
raised it from seeds sent him by the Bishop of Huanuco, 
a town in Peru, N.E. of Lima. A third, also in cultivation 
at Kew, is var. Sjoruceana, with acute leaves very much 
smaller than in that here figured, and of a very bright pale 
green colour. It was raised from seeds sent from the 
Botanical Gardens of Java. 

The plant here figured was received from the Botanical 
Garden of Demerara in 1884, and flowered in the Royal 
Gardens, Kew, in April, 1893. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Portion of branch with stipules ; 2, section of young leaf showing 
venation ; 3, flower with the petals removed ; 4, petal ; 5 and 6, stamens ; 
7, ovary ; 8, fruit from a Herbarium species : — All but fig. 8 enlarged. 



7335. 







i rooks ,ii-' 



Tab. 7335. 

PRUNUS HUMILIS. 

Native of Northern China. 

Nat. Ord. Eosace^:. — Tribe PatrNE^:. 
Genus Pettnus, Linn.; (Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 609.) 



Prunus (Cerasus) humilis; fruticosa, ramosissima, inermia, glaberrimas, 
ramulis gracilibus, foliis oblongis ovato-oblongiave obtusia v. acutia crenu- 
latis puberulis basi eglandulosis, subtua rugosis, stipulia linearibus 
glandulosis, peduuculis 1-2-floris erectis, pedicellis brevibus, calycibus 
campanulatis, lobis oblongis obtusis ciliolatia tubo subffiqmlongia, petalia 
orbicularibua crenulatis albis ungne rubro, staminibus petalis duplo 
longioribus, ovariis 1-2, drupia globoso ovoideis rubris, putamine laevi. 

P. humilis, Bunge JSnum. PI. Chin. Bor. p. 23. Maxim, in Mel. Biol. vol. xi. 
p. 682, et Fl. As. Or. Fragm. p. 11. Bretschn. Early Researches into the 
Flora of China, p. 31. Stance in Journ. Bot. 1875, p. 131. Debeatix Fl. 
Chef. p. 52. Franch. PI. David, p. 104. Memsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. 
xxiii. p. 218. 

P. japonica, Carr. in Rev. Hortic. 1873, p. 457, f. 41 (non Thunb.). 

P. Bungei, Walp. Bep. Bot. vol. ii. p. 9. 



The earliest account of this pretty dwarf cherry is that 
of a French missionary, Dominicus Parennin, who in 1733 
communicated to the Academy of Sciences, Paris, an 
account of the drugs, &c, of Northern China, and of 
which communication a resume is given by the indefatigable 
and learned Dr. Bretschneider, late Physician to the 
Russian Legation, Peking, in a brochure published at 
Shanghai in 1881, entitled " Early European Researches into 
the Flora of China." Of the wild fruits of the country 
Father Parennin says there are very few, adding that 
two only are worthy of notice. One, " the fruit of the 
Oulana, as the Tartars call it, is of the size of a great 
red cherry, and is produced on a little stem 3 or 4 inches 
high. The other fruit has the appearance of small raisins. 
It is produced in clusters on a fine tree 25 ft. or more in 
height. After the first frost these berries become red, and 
are then of an acidulated sweet taste." With respect to 
these fruits, Dr. Bretschneider adds, that " Oolana is the 
Mongol and Manchurian name of Prunus humilis, frequent 

January 1st, 1894. 



on the mountains of N. China and S. Mongolia ; and as 
for the other fruit mentioned, it is difficult to say what 
is meant, for Father Parennin gives no native name. Per- 
haps it may be Sorb us Aucuparia." 

There are many specimens of P. humilis in the Kew 
Herbarium, and amongst these one from T. L. Bullock, 
Esq., who describes the shrub as a foot high, growing 
in the upper part of Mt. Conolly, Peking, and said to bear 
a fruit called Oliura; and another from Mr. John Eoss, 
who also calls it a shrub, but gives Ow-li as its name. 
It has been suggested that it is the parent of the cultivated 
Primus japonica. 

The plant from which the specimen figured was taken 
was raised in the Royal Gardens, from seeds sent by Dr. 
Bretschneider from Peking, which flowered in the open 
ground in 1886, but did not ripen its fruit till 1892, 
when the bushes of it, which had attained 3 to 4 feet in 
height, were covered with fruit. I have retained the name 
of P. humilis given by Bunge, though it has been changed 
into P. Bungei by Walpers, because of there being an 
earlier Cerasus humilis, Moris, a native of Sardinia, but 
there is reason to believe that this latter plant is only a 
variety of P. prostrata, Labill. 

Descr. — A shrub, attaining four feet in height, with 
slender erect branches covered with dark brown bark. 
Leaves one and a half to two inches long, shortly petioled, 
elliptic ovate, subacute, serrulate, bright green above, nerves 
reticulate; stipules linear, strongly glandular- ciliate. 
Floivers half an inch in diameter, solitary or in pairs on a 
short peduncle ; pedicel £ in. long, bracteate at the base. 
Calyx campanulate, 5-lobedto the middle; lobes as long as 
the tube, oblong, obtuse, ciliolate. Petals about twice as 
long as the calyx-lobes, orbicular, crenulate, with a short 
red daw. Stamens rather longer than the petals. 
Ovaries one or two. Drupe half an inch long, ovoidly 
globose, bright red ; stone smooth, elliptic ovoid, turgid. 



Fig. 1, Portion of branch with petiole and stipules; 2, flower with the 
petals removed; 3, petal; 4, ovaries; 5, section of ovary -.—All enlarged. 



7336 




Tab. 7336. 

^ESCHYNANTHUS obconioa. 

Native of the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. 



Nat. Ord. G£snerace.s. — Tribe Cyrtandee^. 
Genus ^schtnanthtts, Jack. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1013.) 



iEscHYNANTHtrS (Holocalyx) obconica; caule gracili elongato ramoso, ramis 
pendulis subpilosis, foliia ovato-rotundatis v. elliptico-ovatis sabacutis 
ciliolatis coriaceis, pedunculia brevibus bifloris, pedicellis pedunculo 
triplo longioribus calycibusque sanguineis pubescentibus, calyce amplo 
campamilato margine recurvo obscure 4-lobo, corollas tubo curvo vix 
exserto sanguineo villoso, limbi lobis late ovatis obtusis flavidis marginibus 
vittaque media lata sanguineis, lobo postico erecto fornicato lateralibus 
patulis, filamentis exsertis glandulosis, ovario cylindraceo puberulo, 
stigmate disciforme, disco annulari. 

M. obconica, C. B. Clarke in DC. Monogr. Phanerog. vol. v. pars. i. p. 50 ; 
in Hook. Pi. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 342. 



M, obconica belongs to a small section of the genus, all 
natives of the Malayan region, and is closely allied to 
M. tricolor, Hook., tab. 5031 of this work, differing in the 
very much larger broader calyx, and in the shorter corolla- 
tube. It was imported by Messrs. Yeitch from the Malayan 
Peninsula, and there is a specimen of it in the Kew 
Herbarium from Borneo, collected atBanjarmassin by Motley 
(n. 687), which has been by an oversight included under 
2EJ. tricolor in the monograph of Gyrtandrese, cited above. 
In the type specimen described by Mr. Clarke, which was 
collected by Beccari, at Klang in Sangalore, and which I 
have not seen, the leaves are elliptic or oblong, or rarely 
rhomboid, acuminate and narrowed at both ends. 

The specimen figured was sent, in flower, to the Royal 
Gardens by Messrs. Veitch in July, 1893. 

Stem slender, elongate, branched, terete, puberulous or 
sparsely hairy. Leaves 2-2^ in. by 1^ broad, orbicular- 
ovate, obtuse or subacute, glabrous, margins ciliolate, 
fleshy ; nerves few, distant ; petiole ^ in., puberulous. 
Flowers in pairs in a short green upcurved peduncle with 
January 1st, 1894. 



a pair of small green bracts at the base ; and a smaller 
pair of dark red ones at the apex of each ; pedicels £-J in. 
long, blood-red, and obscurely-pubescent like the calyx. 
Calyx broadly campanulate, nearly 1 in. diam., with a re- 
curved nearly entire margin. Cwolla short, villous with 
cellular hairs, tube hardly exserted, blood-red, glandular 
withm. Lobes spreadicg, shortly ovate, often yellow with 
very broad blood-red margins, and a broad central red 
band. Filaments exserted, white, glandular. Owzr*/ puberu- 
lous, cylmdric, stigma sessile, disciform. Dish annular.— 
J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Ovary and disk ; 2, hairs of corolla -.—Both enlarged. 



BRITISH, COLONIAL, AND FOREIGN FLORAS. 



HANDBOOK of the BRITISH FLORA ; a Description of the 

Flowering Pin 

use of V. 
it.ion, revi : 

ILLUSTRATIONS of the BRITISH FLORA ; a Series of Wood 

Engravings, witfi Dissections, o -■ from Drs 

a, F.L.S., and W. G. 3 S., forming an Illustrated Companion 

to -Bentham'8 ' Handbook," and other I 

revised and enlarged, crown 8v 

OUTLINES of ELEMENTARY BOTANY, as Introductory to 

EC Bentham, F.R.S., President of th< 
d, Is. 

FLORA of HAMPSHIRE, inclr. Isle of Wi. 

localities of i; 
Wit! 

HANDBOOK of BRITISH MOSSES, c are 

b. By the 

M.A., F.L.. 

SYNOPSIS of B ining !)■ 

THE BRIT? phs of tl 

,6s. 

FLORA AUSTRAL] 

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FLORA OF BRITISH INDIA. 



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I. Peeve & C° London 



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Tab. 7337. 
BARRINGTONIA samoensis. 

Native of Polynesia. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace.e. — Tribe Lecythideje. 
GeiiTis Barringtonia, Forst. ; {Benih. & Sook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 720.) 



Barringtonia (Butonica) samoensis : arbor, foliis subverticillatis breviter 
petiolatis oblanceolatia acuminatis remote denticulatis flaccidis, racemo 
terminali pendulo, floribus amplia (staminibus inclusis 3 poll, diam.) 
breviter crasae pedunculatis roseis, calycis tubo turbinate obscure 4-gono, 
lobis rotundatis ciliolatis, petalis fere 1 poll, longis ovato-oblongis reflexia 
marginibus recurvis, staminibua numeroaissimia lj-poll. longis, fructu 
ovoideo tetragono. 

B. samoensis, A. Gray, in Bot. TJn. St. Expl. Exped. p. 508. Walp. Ann. Bot. 
vol. iv. p. 852. 

B. 'ixcelsa, A. Gray I. c. (non Bhirne). 

B. racemosa, Gaud, in Freyc. Voy. Bot. p. 483, t. 107, excl. syn. ; {non Blume). 

B. acntangula, Blume Bijdr. p. 1097 {non Roxb.). 

B. insignia, Miq. Fl. Ned. Ind. vol. i. p. 488. 

Stravadium inaigne, Blume in Van Houtte Fl. des Serres, vol. vii. p. 24, 

t. 654, 655. 
Butonica samoensis, Miers in Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. ii. Bot. vol. i. p. 75. t. 

xiv. fig. 20-25. 



According to Miers B. samoensis has been found only in 
the New Hebrides, Navigator's, and the Ladrone or 
Marianne group of Islands, growing as a tall, handsome 
tree, overlooking the habitat of Java given by Mi quel. 

Miers remarks upon Van Houtte's figure in the " Flora 
des Serres," that " it does not seem to have been made 
from any cultivated specimen, as he would lead us to sup- 
pose ; its originality may indeed be doubted, after what I 
have shown in regard to his drawing tab. 409 under B. 
speciosa. From the resemblance of the former in the form 
and size of the leaf and the size of the flowers, we may 
infer that it is a made-up drawing with its details borrowed 
from Gaudichaud." 

B. samoensis was received from M. Louis Van Houtte, 
of Ghent, in 1891, and flowered in a stove of the Royal 

February 1st, 1894. 



Gardens in May, 1893. The flowers, as Mr. Watson in- 
forms me, opened in the evening, and invariably fell on the 
following morning. 

Descr. — A tall, handsome tree. Leaves sessile, sub- 
whorled, 1-2 ft. long, spreading and decurved, thin, 
oblanceolate, narrowed into a very short petiole, margins 
undulate and toothed, bright green, with many spreading 
nerves, pale beneath, midrib very broad, and raised be- 
neath. Floivers in long simple axillary pendulous racemes 
2 ft. long, rachis dark red-brown, terete. Flowers shortly, 
stoutly pedieelled ; pedicels dark green, terete. Calyx-tube 
turbinate, angular ; lobes four, rounded. Petals before ex- 
pansion forming a scarlet ball about the size of a large 
pea ; when expanded, 3^ in. long, ovate, subacute, recurved, 
pale flesh-coloured. Stamens innumerable, erecto-patent, 
forming a brush three inches in diameter, of very slender 
filaments with minute yellow anthers. Ovary turbinate, 
4-angled ; style filiform pink, stigma most minute. Fruit 
(according to Gaudichaud's drawing, 3 inches long by 
1| in. broad, with four ribbed angles, which are decurrent 
on the pedicel. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Calyx and pistil ; 2, stamens ; 3, section of ovary ; 4, ovule ; 
5, reduced view of whole plant : — All enlarged. 










I,. Reeve & C.° T.r 



Tab. 7338. 

VERONICA LYCOPODIOIDES. 
Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Schophularine^. — Tribe Digitale^. 
Genus Veronica, Linn,; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 964.) 



Veronica (Hebe) lycopodioides ; fruticnlns caespitosus glaber, ramnlis 
erectis adultia tetragonis, foliis dimorphis adultis squamsaformis densis- 
sime quadrifariam imbricatis crasae coriaceis deltoideo-ovatis concavis 
obtuse cuspidato-acuminatis, foliis primordialibus adultis duplo longiori- 
bus patulis in petiolum angnstatis ovatis acute 3-5-lobis, floribus in 
capitulnm terminalem ovoideum congestis sesBilibus albis, bracteis folii- 
formibus ciliolatis calyci 4-partito asquilongis, sepalis inaequalibns 
oblongis obtusis tnbnm corollas a3quantibns, corollse lobo postico rotnn- 
dato erecto, lateralibus oblongis obtusis, antico minore lineari-oblongo, 
filamentis longe exsertis, antheris obovoideis magnis coeruleo-purpureis. 

V. lycopodioides, Hook. f. Handb. of N. Zeal. Fl. p. 211. Armatr. in Trans. 
N. Zeal. Institute, vol. xiii. (1880), p. 357. 



V. lycopodioides is a member of a curious group of New 
Zealand Speedwells, in which the minute leaves are densely 
imbricated on branches which hence resemble those of 
some species of Lycopodium and Cypress. Of these there are 
eight known species, besides that figured here, namely, V. 
tetragona, V. tetrasticha, V. Hectori, V. salicomioides, V. 
cwpressoide8jV.Haa.stii, V. epacridea, and V. Armstrongii, all 
of them mountain plants, and with the exception of the 
first (which is found in the Northern Island) all are con- 
fined to the Middle Island, not extending to the Chatham 
Islands, Stewart's Island, or the Islets south of New 
Zealand. This isolation of so abnormal a group is very 
interesting, especially if taken into account with a singular 
habit, which some (probably all) have, of being dimorphic 
as regards their foliage. 

My attention was first called to this case of dimorphism 
so long ago as 1870, by Mr. T. W. Kirk, F.L.S. (now 
Curator of the Wellington Museum) who sent me a 
specimen of V. cupressoides with minute, spreading, lobulate 
leaves, and who afterwards published au account of this 

February 1st, 1894. 



and of a similar dimorphism in V. Armstrongii, Kirk, in 
the Transactions of the New Zealand Institute (vol. xL 
(1878) p. 464). Mr. Kirk there states that almost all the 
Veronicas with appressed leaves have in a seedling state 
more or less lobulate, rarely linear, leaves, and that a re- 
version to this condition occurs in adult plants when 
partially shaded. More recently in 1888, Mr. N". E. 
Brown described, and figured in detail, various early and 
late conditions of V. cupressoides, with valuable observations 
respecting them, and it only remains to add that V. lyco- 
podioides exhibits the same propensity to return when 
grown in shade to what is, no doubt, its seedling condi- 
tion, as shown in the accompanying plate. 

I am indebted to Sir E. Loder, of Leonardslee, Horsham, 
for flowering specimens of V. hjcopodioides, and to Prof. Bal- 
four for good examples of its dimorphic condition. In both 
cases the specimens were received in the middle of June. 

Descr.— A small shrub, twelve to sixteen inches hio-h, 
with erect stiff four-angled branches clothed with densely 
imbricating leaves, together about one-sixth of an inch in 
diameter. Leaves most densely quadrifariously imbricated, 
about as long as the branches are broad, triangular or 
deltoidly ovate, ciliolate, narrowed into a stout obtuse 
cusp or point, thickly coriaceous. Flowers about one-third 
ot an inch m diameter, crowded towards the end of the 
branches axillary, subsessile, white. Sepals free, elliptic, 
obtuse, ciholate as long as the corolla-tube. Corolla 4- 
lobed, lobes obtuse, concave, dorsal largest obovate, 
an icons smallest lmear-oblong. Stamens far exserted 
anthers krge, broadly ovate, blueish purple. Style filiform. 



7, portion of the eame enlarged. reverted foliage df nat. size; 



7339. 










Tab. 7339. 
PENTARHAPHIA longifloba. 

Native of the West Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnerace^e. — Tribe Gesnere^e. 
Genus Pentabhai-hia, Lindl. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1005.) 



Pentarhai-hia (Eupentarbaphia) long) 'flora; frntex 6-8-pedalis, erecta, glabra, 
foliis lanceolatis v. oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis serratis basi cuneatis 
supra saturate subtus pallide viridibus, pedunculis supra-axillaribus elon- 
gatis patentibus apice ad 4-floris, pedicellis adscendentibus bracteolatis, 
floribus erectis, calycis segmentis elongato-subulatis corolla triente brevi- 
onbus, corollas tubo 1-1* pollicari incurvo subinflato coccineo, limbi lobo 
postico erecto bilobo, lateralibus anticoque oblongis patulis, genitalibua 
longe exsertis coccineis. 

P. longiflora, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. sub t. 1110. Griseb. Fl. Brit W. Ind 
p. 460. 

P. exserta, Decne in Ann. 8c. Nat. Ser. iii. vol. vi. p. 104, t. 10. Whip. I. c. 
736 (excl. Syn. Sw.). 

P. florida, Decne, I. c. 106, t. 7. Walp. I. c. 

P. Herminieri, Decne, I. c. 106. Walp. I. c. 

P. Lindleyana, Decne, I. c. 103. Walp. I. c. 735. 

P. montana, Decne, I. c. 105. Walp. I. c. 736. 

P. Swartzii, Decne, I. c. 103. Walp. I. c. 735. 

Conradia ventricosa, Mart. Nov. Gen. & Sp. iii. 38, DC I. c. 

Gesneria ventricosa, Sw. Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 89, et Fl. Ind. Occ. p. 1026. 

G. corymbosa, Ball, et Bert, ex DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 525. 



The genus Pentarhaphia was founded by Lindley in 
1827 on the Gesneria ventricosa of Swartz, in allusion to 
the five needle-shaped calyx-segments, Swartz's specific 
name being at the same time suppressed from (it maybe sup- 
posed) its being considered inapplicable ; a very arbitrary 
proceeding, I think, the corolla being really subventricose. 
Considerable additions have been made to the genus since 
its establishment, chiefly through the suppression of 
Conradia, Martius (which was not published till 1829) and 
the inclusion of several small, too closely allied and sup- 
posed monotypic genera. About forty species are known, 

Fbbkuarv 1st, 1891. 



all tropical American, amongst which, there are great 
differences in habit, calyx and corolla. 

P. longiflora is an exceedingly handsome stove shrub, 
■flowering freely throughout the summer and autumn. It 
is a native of several of the "West India Islands, as Ja- 
maica, Dominica, Montserrat, St. Domingo, Martinique, 
St. Vincent, and St. Lucia. Though an exceedingly well- 
marked species, very constant in habit and characters, 
and confined in its distribution to the "West India Islands, 
it has been subdivided by Decaisne into six species in a 
monograph of the genus cited above, and where, strange 
to say, Lindley's specific name (of longiflora) is overlooked, 
the Swartzian Gesneria ventricosa being replaced by P. 
Swartzii. 

P. longiflora has long been in cultivation at Kew, where 
it forms a handsome stove-shrub, about four feet high, 
flowering profusely in the summer and autumn months. 

Descr. — A small, sparingly branched shrub, with brownish 
bark and terete green shoots. Leaves three to five inches 
long, petioled, ovate- or oblong lanceolate, acuminate, serru- 
late, dark green above, pale beneath, and there finely reticu- 
lated between the strong arching nerves ; petiole £-f of an 
inch long. Flowers in long-peduncled axillary or supra- 
axillary few-fld. cymes ; peduncle half as long as the leaves, 
horizontally spreading, bearing at the end three to six 
erect pedicelled flowers ; pedicels ascending, about \ inch 
long, with a single subulate bract about the middle. Calyx- 
tube subcampanulate, green, lobes twice or thrice as long, 
erect, very narrowly linear. Corolla one and a half inch 
long, bright scarlet, tube slightly curved, and obscurely 
gibbous, one-third inch in diameter, narrowed at the 
base ; lobes small, dorsal erect, obcordate, concave, lateral 
spreading, ovate-oblong, tips rounded. Stamens far ex- 
serted, red; anthers small, cohering; staminode small, 
capitate. Style longer than the stamens ; stigma disciform, 
red.—/. D.H. B 



Fig. 1 Calyx and ovary; 2, base of corolla laid open with stamens and 
stammodes; 6 and 4, anthers :— All enlarged. 



73i0 




-Day&San.Iraj) 



Reeve &. C° LanaoTL 



Tab. 7340. 
DYCKTA Desmetiaxa. 

Native probably of Southern Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace-E. — Tribe PrrcAiRNiEiE. 
Genus Dyckia, Schultes; (Benth, et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 667.) 



Dyckia Desmetiana, acaulis, foliis 20-30 dense rosnlatis ensiformibus crassis 
rigidis bipedalibus facie obscure viridibus dorso subtihter striatis aculeis 
marginalibus ascendentibus uncinatis, pedunculo elongato foliis pluribus 
reductis prsedito, floribus in racemis laxis racemosis dispositis, pedicellis 
brevibus crassis ascendentibus, bracteis ovatis parvis, sepalis ovatis 
viridibus, petalis ovatis acuminatis rubris calyce duplo longioribus, 
staminibus petalis distincte brevioribus filamentis applanatis, ovario 
ovoideo stylo brevi apice stigmatoso tricuspidato. 

Bromelia Desmetiana, Hort. 



This new Dyckia differs from all the species previously 
known by its red flowers. It has been in cultivation in the 
Cactus house at Kew for several years, under the name of 
Bromelia Desmetiana, but only flowered last February for 
the first time, and proved to be not a Bromelia, but a 
Dyckia. It was purchased several years ago at the sale of 
the collection of the late Mr. J. T. Peacock, of Sudbury 
House, Hammersmith, and, I believe, was procured by him 
from De Smet, of Ghent. The Dyckias all inhabit the 
South of Brazil and the neighbouring regions, and are 
amongst the few Bromeliacese that require cool treatment. 
Thirty-five species are now known, only a small proportion 
of which have been brought into cultivation. 

Descr. — Acaulescent. Leaves twenty or thirty in a 
dense rosette, ensiform, thick, rigid, recurving, two feet 
long, two inches broad at the base, narrowed gradually to 
a long point, dull green, and faintly striated on the face, 
distinctly striated with green and white on the back ; 
marginal prickles uncinate, ascending, pungent. Peduncle 
two feet long, bearing many small, linear reduced leaves. 
Panicle lax, rhomboid, two feet long ; racemes lax, the end 

February 1st, 1894. 



_ /^jaiX^. 



one eight or nine inches long ; pedicels short, thick, ascend- 
ing ; bracts small, ovate. Sepals ovate, greenish, a quarter 
of an [inch long. Petals ovate, acuminate, pinkish red, 
twice as long as the sepals. Stamens much shorter than 
the petals ; filaments flattened. Ovary ovoid ; style short, 
tricuspidate at the stigmatic apex. — /. 0. Baker. 



Fig. 1, A flower ; 2, petal and stamen ; 3, pistil ■.—All enlarged. 



73 1 1 




1 BrooWsPayS^ 



L Reeve &_C? London. 



Tab. 7341. 
ELM AGNUS multiflora. 

Native of Japan, 

Nat. Ord. Ei^eagnacejE. 
Genus EL^A6NUS,imn. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 204.) 



ExiEAGNUs multiflora ; fruticosa, ramulis fuscis novellis lepidotis, foliis 
breviter petiolatis ovato- v. obovato-oblongis lanceolatisve obtusis, supra 
viridibus stellulatim puberulis, subtus floribusque dense argenteo-lepi- 
dotis rnbro-fusco punctulatis, floribus solitariis fasciculatisve Baspius 
longe pedicellatis pallide stramineis, perlanthio basi (ovarium tegente) 
anguste ellipsoideo, dein constricto breviter columnari, demum in tubura 
anguste campanulatum dilatato, lobis late ovatis subacutis, stylo apice 
recurvo uno latere late stigmatifero, fructibus aurantiaco-rubris oblongis 
utrinque rotnndatis sarcocarpio carnoso endocarpio sulcato. 

E. multiflora, Thumb. Fl. Jap. p. 66. Schleckt. in DO. Prodr. vol. xiv. 
p. 614. 

E. longipes, A. Gray, in Mem. Am. Acad. N.8. vol. vi. (1858-9) p. 405. 
Miquel Prolus. Fl. Jap. 139. Maxim. Mel. Biol. Pars viii. p. 559, 560, 
and in Bull. Acad. St. Petersb. vol. xv. (1871 ) p. 377. Franch. & Savat 
Enum. PI. Jap. vol. i.-p. 408. Masters in Gard. Ghron. (1873) p. 1015, f. 
206. Belg. Sortie. (1883) t. xvi. Lavalle, Arbor. Segrez. p. 189, & Ic. 
Sel. p. 9, t. iv. Garden & Forest (1888) p. 499. 

E. edulis, Siebold in Rev. Eortic. (1869) p. 300, and (1876) p. 18. 
E. rotundifolia, Gagn. in Rev. Hortic. (1870-1) p. 540. 
E. crispa, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 66. 



In no genus of shrubby flowering plants are the species 
more difficult of definition by characters of habit and 
foliage than are those of Elseagnus. Asa Gray, when 
determining the Japanese collection of Perry's expedition, 
instituted E. longipes, to contain Thunberg's multiflora and 
crispa. An unfortunate name, because the pedicels are 
long only in one form of the plant, on which account and 
in deference to the priority of Thunberg's name, I 
have reverted to the name of multiflora. According 
to Maximovicz, whose knowledge of Japanese plants, 
derived from lengthened botanical explorations in the 
Archipelago, was unrivalled, there are four principal forms 
of E. longipes, namely, — a hortensis ; unarmed, with elliptic 
leaves, very long pedicels, and large edible fruit ; fi ovata,, 

February 1st, 1894. 



with acuminate leaves, strongly clavate pedicels an inch 
long, and moderately sized edible fruit ; y multiflora, 
spinous, with small variable leaves, shorter peduncles, and 
small austere fruit ; 8 crispa, tall, spinous, with sublan- 
leolate leaves and short pedicels. The plant here figured 
is no doubt the var. hortensis, though its fruits are very 
austere, and is, perhaps, only known as a cultivated 
form. 

Franchet and Savat say of E. longipes that it is a hedge 
and mountain unarmed or spinous plant ; with leaves 
elliptic to lanceolate, pedicels short or long, solitary or 
fascicled, and fruit austere or eatable. I find no notice of 
the fruit being used for sherbet, as is that of the European 
E. hortensis. 

E. multiflora forms a large bush in the Royal Gardens, 
Kew, where it has been established for many years. It 
was probably introduced by one of the collectors, Oldham 
or Wilford, who were sent by the Royal Gardens to Japan 
about the middle of the century. It flowers in April and 
fruits abundantly in July. The beautiful fruits are, though 
very austere, greedily sought by birds. 

Descr. A ramous shrub, four to six feet high, with 
spreading rigid branches, clothed with brown bark ; shoots 
densely lepidote. Leaves one to three inches long, ovate 
or obovate-oblong or lanceolate, obtuse, green above and 
covered with a deciduous stellate pubescence, beneath 
silvery-white with lepidote scales and dotted with red- 
brown. Flowers solitary or few, lepidote like the leaves 
beneath, pendulous on lepidote pedicels as long as the 
perianth. Perianth one-half to two- thirds of an inch long, 
pale straw coloured, base ellipsoid where it covers the 
ovary, then contracted shortly cylindric, again dilating, 
and campanulate with four ovate lobes. Anthers small, 
sessile at the mouth of the tube. Style included, stigma 
linear. Fruit oblong, half an inch long, oblong, rounded 
at both ends, yellowish -red, dotted; flesh yellowish, 
austere. — J. D. H. 



Figs. 1 and 2, Flower; 3, upper part of perianth laid open; 4, vertical section 
of lower part of perianth showing the ovary; 5, the same with the ovary 
bisected showing the ovule ; 6, lepidote scales from the under-surface of the 
eaves and of the fruit; 7, stellate hairs from the upper surface of the 
leaves ; 8 endocarp of the fruit; 9, the same laid open vertically, showing 
the seed ; 10, section of seed showing the embryo -.—All enlarged 



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Tab. 7342. 
THOMSONIA napalensis. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Auoide*. — Tribe Pythohtbje. 
Genus Thomsokia, Wallich. ; (Benih. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 971. 



Thomsonia. napalensis ; tubere magno, folio hyaterantho amplo longe petiolato 
3-secto, aegmentia simplicibus v. farcatis pinnatipartitia, foKolia paucis 
oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatia nervia ntrinqae coatas permuitis in unum. 
intra-marginalem abeontibua, pedunculo elato craaao marmorato, apatha 
magna erecta oblonga obtuaa cymbiformi basi convoluta extas viridi, 
spadice craasa spatbae asquilonga tota cylindracea, inflorescentia foeminea 
brevi cum mascula elongata continua, appendice apadice sequilonga rugu- 
loaa, antheria denae compactis rimia apicalibua debisceatibaa, ovariia 
2-3-locularibus confertia globoais, stylo elongato, stigmate diaciformi, 
ovulis in locnlis solitariis subbasilaribns erectia. 

T. napalenais, Wall. PI. As. Bar. vol. i. p. 83, t. 92. Blume, Rumphia, vol. 
i. p. 150. Engler in DO. Monogr. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 307. Hook. f. Fl. 
Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 578. 

Pytbonium Wallicbianam, Schott & Endl. Meletem. p. 17. Schott Syn. 

Aroid. p. 36; Gen. Aroid. t. 25 ; Prodr. Avoid, p. 123. Kunth* Enum. 

PI. vol. iii. p. 30. 
Arum grandiflorum, Serb. Ho^m. 
Aroid, Wall, Cat. n. 8949. 



The genus Thomsonia is so very closely allied to Amor- 
phophallus that it might very well be reduced to a section 
of the latter, differing only in the tuberculate appendage 
of the spadix, the tubercles being merely arrested male 
flowers. Only one species is known, though another, T. 
Hookeri, Engler, 1. c. p. 307 (Allopythion Hookeri, Gen. 
Aroid. p. 24, t. 24) was founded by Schott on a very bad 
specimen of a spathe collected by me in the Khasia hills, 
and the leaf of probably another plant altogether. The 
name Thomsonia was given by Dr. Wallich, in honour of 
the late Dr. Anthony Todd Thomson, Professor of Materia 
Medica in University College, London. 

* The P. Wallichianum, Kirtikar, in Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. vii. 
(1892), p. 312, t. D., a native of Bombay, ia founded oa the inflorescence of 
Amorphophallus commutattix and foliage of another plant. 

March 1st, 1894. 



T. napalensis is a native of the Himalaya Mountains, 
from Nepal eastwards to Assam and the Khasia hills ; 
ascending in both to 5000 ft. Its tubers were sent in 
February 1891, to the Royal Gardens, by Mr. J. A. 
G-ammie, Resident Manager of the Cinchona Plantations 
at Mungpo, in the Sikkim Himalaya. It flowered in a 
stove in March, 1893, and matured its leaf in July of the 
same year. 

Descr. — A tall, stout, tuberous aroid, two to four feet 
high, flowering before leafing. Tuber several inches across. 
Peduncle and petiole pale gvey, marbled with dark-green. 
Leaf two feet across and more, trisect, the segments 
simple, pinnatifid or pinnatisect, oblong-lanceolate, the 
terminal obovate, all very many-nerved, dark green above, 
pale beneath, margins waved or subcrenate. Spathe 6-12 
in. long, erect, cymbiform, obtuse, open, convolute at the 
base only, bright green, paler within. Spadix almost as 
long as the spathe, sessile, very stout, cylindric, obtuse, 
upper half greenish-yellow, tubercled, lower for the most 
part male, female towards the base only. Male fl. of 
crowded columnar flattened anthers, with terminal parallel 
slits, the upper imperfect. Fern. fl. of crowded, globose, 
sessile ovaries, each with a stout, columnar curved style, 
and 3-lobed, broad, disciform stigma. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Cluster of Btamens; 2, single stamens ; 3, ovary; 4 section of the 
same showing one cell and the exposed ovule, all enlarged ; 5 flowering, and 
b, leafing plant, both greatly reduced. 




V> 1.1 v ^ 

In Vl* 




Co 

-fc. 






Tab. 7343. 
HYDNOPHYTUM longiflorum. 

Native of the Fiji Islands. 



Nat. Ord. RvmACEM. — Tribe Pstchotkie^;. 
Genus Htdnophttum, Jacq. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen, PI. vol ii. p. 132.) 



Hydnophytum longiflorum ; fraticulus glaberrimus, ramulis crassiusculis tereti- 
bus, foliia brevissirae petiolatis ellipticis subacutis coriaceis costa crassa, 
stipulis ovatis deciduis, floribus axillaribus confertis sessilibus, corolla 
albse tubo semipollicari gracili limbi lobis ovatis triplo longiore, antheris 
ore corollas subsessilibus, stigmate didymo. 

H. longiflorum, A. Gray in Proc. Am. Acad. vol. iv. (1860), p. 42 (Bot. 
Contrib. (1858), No. 10). Seem. Fl. Vit. 438. Beccari. Malesia, vol. ii. 
p. 172, t. 45, f. 5-7. 

Myrmecodia vitiensis, Seem, in Bonplandia, vol. ix. (1861), p. 256. A. Gray, 
in Bonplandia, vol. x. (1862), p. 36. 



Under Tab. 6883 of this Magazine {Myrmecodia Beccarii) 
I have given some particulars of the history of the two 
genera of Rubiaceous insect-harbouring plants, Myrmecodia 
and Hydnophytum. Of these the first had then for the 
first time been flowered in Europe, and it is now followed 
by the second. Many attempts had previously been made 
to bring or send living plants of both home to England ; 
the first of which was at my request, by Mr. Wallace 
about thirty-five years ago, from whom specimens of a 
Myrmecodia were received at the Royal Gardens, from the 
Malay Peninsula, but in a dying state. Subsequently 
specimens of a Hydnophytum were imported at various 
times from Queensland, but none of them survived the 
voyage, with the exception of the specimen of H. Beccarii> 
imported by Messrs. Veitch, and figured at t. 6883. Hydno- 
phytum differs from Myrmecodia, not only in the tubers 
never being prickly, but also in distribution ; for though 
both find their western limit in the Malayan Archipelago, 
Hydnophytum alone extends eastward beyond tropical 
Australia, into the Polynesian Islands, where six species 
have been found in the Fiji group alone. It is not known 
whether any of these Fijian species harbour ants, as de 

March 1st, 18U4. 



many of both genera in the Malay Archipelago, &c. Nor 
is there sufficient reason for assuming that they should, 
the tuberous rootstock being a provision for the plant 
itself, and not for insects to nest in, similar to what occurs 
in many of the Himalayan epiphytic vacciniaceous plants, 
as may be seen on reference to the figure of Pentapterygium 
serpens, at t. 6777 of this magazine. 

-fiT. longiflorum was received at Kew in August, 1891, 
from Mr. D. Yeoward, Curator of the Botanical Station at 
Fiji, and it flowered in the Royal Gardens in February of 
the present year. 

Descr.— Tuber attaining several inches in diameter, 
smooth, simple or lobed, emitting stout cylindric branching 
glabrous stems from or near the crown. Leaves two to 
two and a half inches long, subsessile, elliptic, obtuse, 
sottly coriaceous, bright green, shining above, paler be- 
neath, midrib strong; nerves few, obliquely ascending. 
Flowers few, in small axillary clusters of two to five, 
sessile, half an inch long, white. Calyx-tube subglobose; 
limb very short, truncate, very obscurely 4-toothed. 
Corolla-tube cylindric, walls thick, glabrous within; limb 
1l\ v ^° Va i e s P readin g ™lvate thick segments, with 
thickened mflexed tips. Anthers subsessile at the mouth 

W C T a '^ e u F tyU ver y lender, exserted; stigma 
large, capitate, 4-lobed.— /. D. H. 

BtSa:-!te^ d ! 0,lgitUdilial SeCti ° n ° f COr ° lla ; 3 » ovary, style, and 



7344 




! 3rooks,Da.y A - 



X- Reeve ^C? Londor 



Tab. 7344. 
HIPPEASTRUM brachyandkum. 

Native of Argentaria. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^e. — Tribe Amarylle^ 
Genus Hippeastrtjm, Herb.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 724.) 



Hxppbastrum {Habranthus) bracJiyandrum ; bulbo ovoideo, foliisr 3-4 lmearibus 
viridibus erectis subpedalibns ante antbeBin prodnctis, peduncnlo elon- 
gato gracili unifloro, pedicello elongato, spathi 1-2-valvi deorsum tubulosa, 
ovario parvo oblongo, perianthio erecto infundibulari 3-4-pollicari sursum 
pallide rubro deoranm saturate vinosus, tubo brevi cylindrico, lobis 
oblongo-lanceolatis flore expanso sursum late patalis, staminibns stylo- 
qne periantbio duplo brevioribus, antheris linearibus, stylo apiee 
stigmatoso profunde trifurcato. 

Hippeastrum (Habranthns) bracbyandrum, Baker Handb. Amaryll. p. 42. 
Gard. Chron. (1890), vol. ii. p. 154. 



This new Amaryllis is one of the finest of all the known 
species of the section Habranthus. I first described it in 
1888, from a dried specimen collected by SignorParodi on 
the banks of the great river Parana, where it leaves 
Paraguay to enter the territory of the Argentine Republic. 
Soon afterwards it was introduced in a living state from 
Buenos Ayres by Mr. A. C. Bartholomew of Reading, 
who first flowered it in 1890. He presented a plant to the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, of which the seed ripened. The 
seedlings were planted in a border with a southern ex- 
posure, and have nearly all flowered. The first flowers 
opened in July, and they continued till September, so that 
the plant proves to be a valuable acquisition to horticul- 
ture. Our drawing was made from one of the Kew plants 
last July. 

Descr. — Bulb ovoid, tunicated, above one inch in 
diameter. Leaves three or four, erect, linear, pale green, 
glabrous, developed before the flowers appear. Peduncle 
slender, a foot long, bearing always only a single flower; 
pedicel erect, two inches long; spathe as long as the 
pedicel, tubular at the base, one- or two valved. Ovary 

March 1st, 1894. 



small, oblong; style as long as the stamens, deeply three- 
forked at the stigmatose apex. Perianth funnel-shaped 
three or four inches long, pale pink at the top, passing 
gradually into deep claret-red downwards; tube short 
cylindrical; lobes oblong-lanceolate, one inch broad at the 
middle, spreading in the upper half when the flower is 
hilly expanded. Stamens half as long as the lobes of the 
perianth ; anthers large, linear, versatile.—/. G. Baker. 

Ja%}l ***** ^ ™ W; 2 > anther back ™: 3, apex of style :-All 



7345 




:,JN.FitehlrtK. 



WrttBrooVsDay&V 



Xj Reovc &_ C° I.nnrlnTi 



•Tab. 7345. 
PTYCHOSPERMA elegans. 

Native of tropical Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Palsce. — Tribe Arece^e. 
Genoa Ptychospeema, Labill. ; (Benth, & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 891. 



Ptychosperma elegans; caudice mediocri annulato laBvi, foliis 6-7-pedalibus 
multifoliolatis, foliolis 2-pedalibas elongato-ensiformibus uni-costatis 
apice angustatis acutis uno latere dentatis, petiolo brevi supra concavo 
aubtus convexo margine sulcato, spadice snpra-foliaceo subbipedali 
latiore quam longo breviter pedunoulato patulo, ramis patulis divisis, 
rachi compressa, ramulis spicisve fere pedalibus gracilibas cylindraceis, 
floribaa ternis intermedio fcBmineo ; fl. masc. oblongis, sepalis orbiculari- 
bus petalis lineari-oblongis pluries brevioribus, staminibus nuruerosis, 
filamentis gracilibas, stylodio gracili ; fl. fcem. depresao-hemisphericis, 
sepalis late reniformibus accrescentibaa, petalisque rotundatis imbricatis, 
staminodiis minimis, ovario oblongo 1-loculari, stigmatibua 3 sessilibus, 
fructu parvo ovoideo-oblongo calyce accreto insidente, albumine grosse 
ruminate-. 

P. elegans, Blume Rumphia, vol. ii. p. 118. Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. vii. 
p. 141. 

P. Seaforthia, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. 21. 

?P. Capitis Yorki, Wendl. & Drude in Linnsea, vol. xxxix. p. 217. 

Seaforthia elegans, Br. Prodr. p. 267. Mart. Hist. Nat. Palm. vol. iii. p. 181, 
t. 105, 106, 109 {not Bot. Mag. t. 4961.*) 

Pinanga, Smithii, Hort. 



Ptychosperma elegans is a native of the tropical east 
coast of Australia, and some of its outlying islands, from 
Sandy Isld. in lat. 25 S. to Cape York (the extreme north 
of the continent) in lat. 11° N. It was discovered by Sir 
Joseph Banks during Cook's first voyage in 1770, at the 
mouth of the Endeavour River, and his specimens are now 
in the British Museum. It is possible that more than one 
species is included under the name, for my friend Dr. Wend- 
land, in answer to a request of mine for any information 
he might be able to give me regarding Pinanga Smithii, 
observes that Ptychosperma elegans, Mart, is a very tall- 
growing palm, and must be different from Pinanga Smithii. 
On the other hand, Mueller (Fragmenta, vol. v. p. 48) 

* Which is a good figure of P. Alexandra, with the fruit of P. eltgnns 
copied from Martins. 

masch 1st, lay-i. 



speaks of it as a smaller palm than the P. Alexandras 
(which attains 70-80 ft.), and at vol. viii. p. 222 of the 
same work he gives 50 ft. as the height of a specimen from 
Whitsunday Island, with the trunk 4-6 inches in 
diameter. "This latter (4 inches) is that of the trunk of 
the Kew plant, from which it may be inferred that, 
as this is its first year of flowering, it will attain a much 
greater height. But the fact is that the Ptychospermae of 
Australia require to be carefully studied in their native 
country, and until this is done P. elegans must be regarded 
as doubtfully identified. 

There is no available record of the introduction of P. 
elegans into Kew, where it has been established in the 
Palm House for a great many years, but it may be pre- 
sumed that the first imported seeds were received from 
Allan Cunningham, collected possibly at Sandy (not 
Sunday, as in Fl. Austral.) Island, during King's voyage 
(1818), to which Cunningham was attached as botanist in 
the interests of Kew. The name of Pinanga Smithii, 
in all probability originated in some continental gardens 
to which a young plant had been contributed from Kew, 
and to which was given the name of the late Curator of 
that establishment, whose success as a raiser of Palms 
was famous). The specimen figured is now 18 feet in 
height, with a trunk four inches in diameter at the base 
above the roots ; the leaves are 6| ft. long, and the leaflets 
2 ft. long by 3 inches wide. It flowered in May, 1893, 
and did not mature fruit. 

Descr. — A rather slender palm, " variously described as 
low, or very tall," Benth. ; trunk in the Kew specimen 
13 feet high, and 4 inches diam. at the base above the 
rooting portion. Leaves 6|- ft. long, recurved; rachis 
semilunar in cross section ; leaflets 2 ft. long by (the 
broadest) 8 inches broad, linear, tip very obliquely truncate 
and toothed, bright green, paler beneath ; sheath 18 by 24 
in. long by 6-7 in. broad. Spadix 12-18 inches long, in- 
serted below the leaves, very shortly peduncled, broadly 
triangular, repeatedly divided into strict branchlets ; 
peduncle compressed ; branchlets slender, terete. Flowers 
sessile, ternate, a fern, between two males. Male fl. oblong, 
and obtuse in bud, when expanded J in. in diam. ; sepals 
orbicular ; petals oblong, obtuse ; stamens very numerous, 



13^6 







j - 7 ■- r - 



Tab. 7346. 
PELARGONIUM Dbummondii. 

Native of Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Geraniace^:. — Tribe Gbranie^. 
Genus Pelargonium, Linn.; (Benth. & BZooTc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 273j 



Pelargonium Drummondii; snffrutescens, tota molliter patentim pilosa, 
caule robusto e recto ramoso, foliis longe petiolatis cordato-rotnndatis 
5-lobis crenato-dentatis rugosis fragrantibus, stipulis amplis crenatis, 
floribus 1 poll. diam. ad apicem pedunculi elongati eongestis brevissime 
pedicellatis, bracteis brevibus, calycis tubo obconico, lobia ovato-oblongis 
accrescentibus, petalis eepalis duplo longioribus obovato-spathulatis 
roseis 2 posticis conniventibus maculis dentriticia rubria notatia, 
staminibus fertilibus ad 8 exsertis, capsulis lj-pollicaribus patentim 
pilosis. 

P. Drummondii, Turcz. in Bull. Mosc. (1858), vol. i. p. 421. 



Bentham in the "Flora Australiensis " (vol. i. p. 299) 
has included Pelargonium Drummondii under P. australis, 
as a robust, large- flowered form of that exceedingly 
variable plant. Though not disposed to pronounce an 
opposite view with any approach to conviction, I cannot 
but think that more evidence in support of an assent is 
required than is afforded by the copious suites of speci- 
mens of P. australis from all parts of its wide range of 
distribution, which are contained in the Kew Herbarium. 
P. australis inhabits all the temperate shores and many 
inland districts of Australia, New Zealand, and the Islet 
of Tristan d'Acunha, and sports into eight more or less 
distinguishable forms connected by intermediates (besides 
that of Drummondii) which have been brought under one 
by Bentham ; they are P. glomeratum, Jacq., inodorum, 
Willd., littorale, Hueg., crinitum, JSTees, stenanthum, Turcz., 
erodiodes, Hook., clandestinum, L'Her., and acugnaticum, 
Thou. In its typical form it is a slender, decumbent 
plant, with leaves I-1J rarely 2 in. diam., and flowers 
about j to ^ in. diam., and, as Bentham observes, it cannot 
be separated from the S. African var. anceps of P. grossu- 
larioides (P. anceps, Ait.). In support of which view it 
may be confidently assumed that Tristan d'Acunha owes 
its possession of the species to transport from the neigh- 
bouring continent of Africa (the headquarters of the 
genus), and not to remote Australia. 

March 1st, 1894. 



To me it appears that P. Drummondii is far more dis- 
tinct from any form known to me of australis, than any 
form of the latter is from grossularioides ; and that if 
Drummondii is to be merged in australis, so should both be 
in grossularioides. 

To return to the subject of the plate, it differs from 
australis chiefly in the greater size of all its parts ; but this 
difference is excessive, the largest flowers that I have 
seen of P. australis not exceeding half an inch in diameter, 
the fruiting sepals 1 inch, and the capsules J-J, whereas the 
dimensions of the same organs in P. Drummondii are 
respectively one to one and a quarter, one half, and one 
and a half inch. Another character assigned to australis 
is that its leaves are inodorous, whereas those of Drum- 
mondii are fragrant ; before, however, any stress can be 
laid on this point, the fragrance, or the contrary, of all 
forms of australis must be ascertained. 

P. Drummondii was raised from seeds sent to the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, by Miss Bunbury, of Bunbury, West 
Australia, a lady who exhibited a beautiful series of 
paintings of the plants of that country at the late Colonial 
and Indian Exhibition, and who has contributed valuable 
collections of seeds to Kew. The seeds were sown in 
March, 1892, and plants raised flowered in May of the 
following year. 

Descr. — An undershrub 2 ft. or more high, clothed with 
a soft, more or less glandular fragrant pubescence; 
branches robust, terete. Leaves long-petioled, three to 
five inches in diameter, orbicular-cordate, 5-lobed, crenate- 
toothed, upper surface pale green, bullate between the 
deeply sunk nerves ; petiole three to five inches long; 
stipules very large, reflexed, oblong or orbicular. Pedun- 
cles three to six inches long, stout; many-fld. ; bracts and 
pedicels very short ; flowers crowded, one half to one inch 
in diameter. Calyx-tube obconic, lobes ovate-oblong ob- 
tuse or subacute, enlarging in fruit. Petals obovate, 
spathulate, rosy red, two posterior conniving and marked 
below the middle with dendritic red streaks. Perfect 
stamens about eight, exserted. Capsule one to one and a 
half inch long, softly hairy.—/. D. H. 

AMml'r 2 *} 1 * ^ 0Vary; 2 ' stame aa and pistil; 3, base of young ovary :— 



anthers small, oblong; pistillode slender. Fern. fl. 
very small, hemispheric; sepals and petals imbricate'; 
stammodes minute ; ovary oblong, 1 -celled, stigmas 3 
sessile. Fruit seated on the accrescent calyx, f in. long, 
oblong, crowned with the stigmas. Seed ruminate.— 
J. D. H. 



Fig. 1 Male fl.; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, pistillode; 5, immature fem. fl. ; all 
enlarged: ; 6, fruit ; 7, the same, cut vertically, and 8, transversely, of the 
nat. size ; 9, reduced figure of the Palm. 



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oiLmuw axd «v,»exoK; l^st^ohn's 1i0vs ^ oatMMJanrslttt) ,. c . 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE. 

CONTENTS OF No. 591, MARCH, 1894. 

Tab. 7342.— THOMSONIA NEPALENSIS. 
„ 7 3 13 •— HYBNOPHYTUM LONGIFLORUM. 
k— HIPPERSTRUM BRACHYANDRU 
— PTYCHOSPEEMA ELI 

DEUMMOND 

L. li , fi, Henri. , Govent Gar 



ACOMPLETl BOTANICAL MAGAZINE." 

CURTIS'S BOTMICAL IAGAZIIE, 

Coi ,it to the end of 1892, 

118 vols, and Index to the first 53 vols, in 95 vols. 

Price £126 net cash. 

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Tab. 7347. 

BEGONIA SOABEIDA. 

Native of Venezuela. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace,e. 
Genus Begonia, Linn. ; (Benth, & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 841 J 



Begonia scabrida ; f ruticosa, patentim pilosa, foliia oblique ovato- y.rotundato- 
cordatis acutis dentatis supra sparsim subtus ad nervos pilosis, petiolo 
crasso limbo breviore piloso, stipulis majusculis oblongis obtusis, cyma 
ampla longe pedunculata dichotome ramosa, pedunculo piloso, ramis 
ramulisque divaricatis glabris, bracteis minutis linearibus patulis, floribus 
albisumbellulatis, masc. sepalis ovato-rotundatis, petalis multo minoribas 
oblongis, staminibus innumeris antheris filamentis longioribus,,/?. fern., 
bracteolis minutis ovario appressis, sepalis 5 oblongis obtusis concavis, 
ovarii glabri ala majore ovata obtusa superue truncata, placentia 
tripartitis. 

B. scabrida, A.BC. in DC Prodr. vol. xv. pt. i. p. 367. 

Wageneria scabrida, Klotzsch in Herb. Berol. 

A fine bushy Begonia, long cultivated at Kew under the 
above name, differing somewhat from A. De Candolles' de- 
scription of B. scabrida, in the small size of the petals of the 
male flowers ; and if it is rightly placed in the section to 
which Klotzsch referred it (Wageneria) in the more impor- 
tant character of the bipartite placentas. But M. de 
Candolle does not appear to have verified this latter point ; 
all he says is, " it would appear that Klotzsch saw entire 
placentas, from the fact of his having placed it in his genus 
Wageneria." Its nearest affinity is with B. dichotoma, 
Jacq. (Collectanea, p. 250 ; Icon. Barior. vol. iii. p. 18, tab. 
619), which it very strongly resembles in all respects, but 
has flowers more than twice as large. 

B. scabrida was no doubt received at Kew upon the 
distribution of the species after its introduction by the col- 
lector Moritz, who visited Venezuela about the year 1837. 
It is a noble plant, flowering annually profusely in early 
spring. 

Descr. — A bush five feet high, and as much in diameter ; 
branches stout, cylindric, green, copiously hairy. Leaves 
a foot and more in diam., from ovate to orbicular-cordate, 
acute, very oblique, irregularly toothed, deep green and 

Aphil 1st, 1894. 



hairy above, pale beneath and hairy on the nerves only ; 
petiole shorter than the blade, stout, hairy ; stipules an 
inch long, oblong, tip rounded. Cyme a foot broad and 
more; peduncle long, stout, hairy, green or reddish; 
branches divaricate, repeatedly divided, glabrous ; bracts 
at the angles very small, slender, spreading, brown. 
Flowers umbelled in the ultimate branches of the cyme ; 
bracteoles setaceous. Male fl. three-fourths of an inch in 
diameter; sepals orbicular-ovate, concave; petals not half 
as large, oblong, obtuse ; stamens very many, in a hemi- 
spheric head; anthers linear-oblong, obtuse, filaments 
short. Fem.fi.; sepals 5, about one quarter of an inch long, 
oblong, obtuse, concave ; styles 3, shortly united, bipar- 
tite ; segments erect, obtuse, straight or slightly twisted, 
clothed all over with stigmatic hairs. Capsule (young) 
two-thirds of an inch broad, two wings narrow, the third 
much longer oblong obtuse, upper margin truncate. — 



Fig. 1, Petal of male fl. ; 2, stamens ; 3, style ; 4, transverse section of 
ovary : — All enlarged. 



7348, 




tarooksJWASarvlB 



Tab. 7348. 
VERONICA cupeessoides. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophuxarine.e. — Tribe Digitale.e. 
Genus Veronica, Linn.; {Senth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 964.) 



Veronica (Hebe) cupressoides ; fructiculus ramosissimus, ramis cylindraceis 
cortice atro, ramulis pseud-articulatis viridibus foliisque decussatim 
oppositis minutissime hirtellis, foliis minutis lepidifbrmibus paribus 
remotis ramulis appressis crasse coriaceis ovatis obtusis minute ciliolatis, 
floribua parvis in capitula pauciflora terminalia aggregatis sessilibus, 
bracteis foliis consimilibus sed dnplo majoribus, calyce subcampanulato 
cylindraceo breviter inequaliter 4-lobo, lobis obtusis ciliolatis, corollas 
violaceae tubo brevi lobis obovato-oblongis obtusis antico multo minore 
lineari-oblonern, filamentis elongatis, antberis magnis rubro-fuscis, ovario 
glaberrimo 4-lobo. 

V. cupressoides, Hook. f. Handh. N. Zeal. Ft. 212. T. Kirk in Trans. 
N. Zeald. Inst. vol. xi. (1878), p. 464. Armstr. vol. xiii. (1830), p. 351. 
N.E. Br. in Gard. Ghron. (18S8), vol. i. p. 2 J, f. 4-7 (Excl. F.). 



In pursuance of my intention of illustrating, as far 
as I can, all the hardy New Zealand Speedwells in 
this magazine, a figure is here given of one of the 
most curious of the group, and at the same time one 
of the most polymorphous. As stated under V. h/copo- 
dioides (Tab. 7338), its heteromorphism (first observed by 
Mr. Kirk) is the subject of a valuable notice by Mr. N. E. 
Brown in the Gardener's Chronicle cited above, who has 
described and figured the abnormal state with dilated flat 
entire lobed or pinnatifid leaves, as occurring under cultiva- 
tion in Europe. 

V. cupressoides is a native of the mountainous districts 
of the Upper Wairau Valley, in the Middle Island of New 
Zealand, where it was discovered by the late Dr. Sinclair, 
at an elevation of 4000 ft. ; and on Mt. Tarndale in the 
Canterbury Alps. It has subsequently been collected in 
the Wai-au-na Ashburton Valleys by the late Sir J. Haast, 
Mr. Travers and others; and much further south, on river 
flats of the Otago district, by Sir James Hector. It has 
been successfully cultivated for some years in England and 
Scotland, and specimens have been received at Kew from 

April 1st, 1894. 



various sources, that here figured flowered in the Royal 
Botanical Gardens of Edinburgh in June 1893. 

Descr. — A dwarf, rather tortuous shrub, 6-12 inches high, 
with a rather stout stem, clothed with black bark, and 
numerous decussate divaricating green branches with 
cypress-like foliage ; brauchlets one half to one inch long, 
most minutely puberulous, terete, contracted at the nodes. 
Leaves ro~k °^ an mcn l° n g> rather shorter than the inter- 
nodes, to which they are appressed, shortly oblong, tip 
rounded, very coriaceous, concave ventrally, dorsally 
convex, very minutely ciliolate. Flowers few, smal 1 ., 
capitate, quite sessile ; bracts about twice as long as the 
leaves, as long as the calyx- tube, green. Calyx-tube sub- 
campanulate, cylindric, glabrous, mouth more or less regu- 
larly 2-lipped, lips 2-lobed, lower lip largest, lobes very 
obtuse. Corolla J in diam., very pale bluish, tube very 
short, lobes oblong, dorsal the largest, broadly oblong- 
obovate, anticous smallest, linear-oblong. Stamens far 
exserted, anthers very large, red-brown. Ovary 4-lobed, 
quite glabrous.— J". D. H. 



Fig. 1, Branchlets with leaves and flowers; 2, leaf; 3, ovary and style; 
4, ovary and du>k ;— All enlarged. 



7349 










Tab. 7349. 
AMORPHOPHALLUS Elltotii. 

Native of Sierra Leone. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe PythoniejE. 
Genu* Amorphophallus, Blume ; (JBenth. & Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 970.) 



Amorphophallus (Podopballus) Elliotii; tubere globoso depresso, petiolo 
elato, laminae amplae trisectse segmentis pinnatisectia lineari-lanceolatia 
acuminatis, spathas longe pedunculate tubo latissimo doliiforme cylin- 
draceo vix longiore quam lato baai truncato profunde intruso et in conum 
eulcatum spadicem fulcientem producto, lamina tubo continua eo asqui- 
longa galeata acuta ore valde contracto marginibus incurvis, spadice 
inclusa longiuscule stipitata, inflorescentia mascula conoidea basi 
verticilla dua ovariorum gerente, appendice stipitato erecto conoideo 
obtuso, antheris parvis biporosis, ovariis obovoideia apice contractia 
stigmate minuto coronatis. 



The genus Amoiyhophallus presents many and great 
differences in the form of the spathe and spadix, and in 
the arrangements of the organs of the latter, and espe- 
cially in the structure of the ovary. In all these respects 
A. Elliotii differs very much from its congeners. In no 
species that I know of is the aperture of the spathe so 
contracted ; in none is the base of the tube so intruded 
as to present within a cone at the base of the spadix, or is 
the spadix raised on so long a stipes, or are the ovaries con- 
fined to two whorls at the base of the males, nor does any 
present a single-celled ovary, or a punctiform stigma. It 
may well be asked whether modifications so many, and 
that of the ovary so important are not, if taken to- 
gether, of generic value. Having regard to the variations 
in the structure of other species, and the great proba- 
bility of still further modifications being found in as yet 
undiscovered species, I do not think it would be expedient, 
at present, at any rate, to create a genus for A. Elliotii, and 
I have therefore restricted myself to proposing a section 
from it, with the name of Podophallus, in allusion to the 
stipitate spadix and appendix. 

A. Elliotii was discovered in forests of Sierra Leone by 
Mr. Gr. F. Scott Elliot, Botanist to the Sierra Leone 

Apbil 1st, 1894. 



Boundary Commission, by whom it was sent witli many 
other living plants to the Royal Gardens in 1892. It 
flowered in a stove in April of the same year, and produced 
its leaf in the following August. 

Descr. — Tuber about 4 inches in diameter, oblate, bear- 
ing a few bulbils. Petiole a foot high, rather slender, 
pale greyish blue, with elongate reddish-brown blotches ; 
lamina about 18 inches broad, trisect ; divisions sessile, 
pinnatisect ; segments 4-8 in. long, linear-lanceolate, 
acuminate, quite entire, bright green, pale beneath. 
Peduncle like the petiole. Spathe very short and broad ; 
tube 2 inches long, and nearly as broad, cylindric, barrel- 
shaped, dull pink, with pale green spots ; base truncate 
and deeply intruded, drawn up in the middle into a 
broad cone that supports the spadix ; lamina con- 
tinuous with the tube, but hardly as long, galeate, in- 
curved, with an acute point, dull green, copiously blotched 
and marbled with dull purple, deep purple within ; mouth 
contracted, with incurved margins. Spadix included, stipes 
half an inch long ; male inn. a cone f of an inch long, 
with two whorls of ovaries at its base ; anthers minute ; 
appendix stipitate, 1 in. long, erect, conoid, obtuse, pale 
purple Ovaries globosely ovoid, tip contracted with a 
punctiform stigma, 1-celled, 1-ovuled.— J. D H. 



5 lo^dmlw^/ a U Y ° f Spathe of nat size •> 2 and 3» anthers > 4, ovary 5 
view of leaf] ' ' tranBVerBe 8ecti °n of do.; all enlarged; 7, reduced 



7350. 




Hj.n t - 



VmcentBruoi 



Tab. 7350. 

TRICHOPUS ZEYLANICUS. 
Native of Southern India and Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Dioscoreace^!. 
Genus Trichopus Gsertn. ; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. in. p. 745.) 



Trichoptts zeylanicus ; herba glaberrima, rhizomate brevi, caulibus simplici- 
bus fastigiatis flexuosis trigonis apice bractatis monophyllis paucifloris, 
petiolo elongato cauli simillimo trigono, lamina lineari-lanceolata 
oblonga v. ovata acuta acuminata v. obtusa, basi cuueata retusa v. 
(saapissime) prof'unde cordata sinu acuto lobis cordatis, e basi 5-9- 
costata et transverse venosa, pedunculis gracilibus, floribus nutantibus 
atro-purpureis, perianthii tubo campannlato, lobis 6 ovato-lanceolatiB 
biseriatis patentibus, staminibus 6, filamentis brevissimis, antheris latis 
loculis remotis divaricatis, connectivo in processim erectus elongato, 
ovario infero 3-gonu 3-loculari, loculis 2-ovulatis, stigmatibus 3 crassis 
bilobis lobis pyriformibus reflexis, fructu indehiscente trialato, seminibus 
rugosis sulco ventrali profundo exaratis. 

T. zeylanicus, Gsertn. Fruct. vol. i. p. 44, t. 14. Beccari in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. 
Ital. vol. ii. p. 13, t. 3. Bedclome Ic. PL Ind. Or. p. 68, t. 290. Hook.f. 
Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 297. Trim. Cat. Geyl. PL 93. 

T. travancoricus, Bedd. mss. I. c. 

Trtchopodium cordatum, intermedium et angustifolium, Lindl. Bot. Beq. Bub 

t. 1543. 
T. zeylanicum, Thiv. Fnum. PI. Zeyl. pp. 291, 443. 
Podianthtjs arifolius, Schnitzl. in Bot. Zeit. vol. i. (1843), p. 739. 



One of the most curious of Indian plants, the affinities 
of which were long regarded as doubtful, it being first 
supposed to belong to the Order Aristolocliiacese ; and, though 
now definitey placed in Dioscoreaceas, it ranks as a very 
anomalous member of the Order, and the only one that is 
not a climber. Beccari, who has studied its relationship 
with both Orders, in a very elaborate paper, referred to 
above, has decided on the latter Order as its true place iu 
the system. 

Trichopus zeylanicus was long supposed to be confined 
to the Island of Ceylon ; more recently it has been found 
(like so many other Cingalese plants) to extend to Travan- 
core, and quite lately Mr. Ridley, F.L.S., Superintendent 
of the Singapore Botanical Gardens, has sent a living 

AriaL 1st, 1894. 



plant to Kew from Pahaug, in the Malayan Peninsula. 
This, which flowered in June, 1893, is here represented ; 
its flowers are a good deal larger than those of the Ceylon 
plant, but not than the Travancore one. 

Descr. — Boots of wiry fibres from a short horizontal 
stock. Stems many from the rootstock, 4-8 inches long, 
simple, erect, wiry, flexuous, green, trigonous, bearing at 
the top a tuft of green bracts, a solitary long-petioled leaf, 
and one or more long-peduncled flowers. Leaves 2-8 
inches long, from linear-lanceolate to ovate- or triangular- 
cordate, obtuse, acute, or acuminate, 5-9-nerved from the 
base, dark green above, pale beneath ; base cuneate, retuse, 
or more often deeply 2-lobed, lobes rounded, sinus acute; 
nerves deeply sunk above, slender but prominent beneath, 
venation transverse, loose ; petiole like a continuation of 
the stem, 1-8 inches long. Peduncles 1-3 inches long, 
slender, erect, green, or mottled with red-purple. Flowers 
cernuous, i-f in. diam., dark purple. Perianth salver- 
shaped, with a short tube and six-ovate-lanceolate obtuse, 
nearly flat lobes. Stamens 6, sunk in the tube of the 
perianth ; filaments very short, incurved ; anther of two 
oblong cells, adnate to two diverging lobes of the connec- 
tive, which is produced upwards into a subulate process, 
and dorsally below into two tubercles. Ovary inferior, 
turbinate, 3-keeled, 3-celled, cells 2-ovuled ; ovules super- 
posed, pendulous ; stigmas 3, subsessile on the top of the 
ovary, each of two pyriform horizontal lobes. Fruit 
subrhomboid, coriaceous, 3-winged, crowned with the 
withered perianth, indehiscent. Seeds oblong, trans- 
versely rugose, and deeply grooved in the ventral face.— 

o . U . xz. 



Fig 1, Flower with the perianth removed ; 2, dorsal, 3 -and 4, front and 
lateral view oi a stamen ; 5, ovary ; 6, vertical section of ditto -.—All enlarged. 



Tab. 7351. 
lowia maxillaeioides. 

Native of the Malay Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^:. — Tribe Lowie^e. 
Genus Lowia (Scortech. in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. vol. xviii. p. 308, tab. 11.) 



Lowia niaxillarioides ; acaulis, rhizomate breviter repente, foliis distichis 
longe petiolatis oblongis acutis, floribus in paniculam laxam radicalem 
dispositis, bracteis binis, floribus per paria evolutis bractea interiori 
longiori tubnloso, calycis tubo cylindrico, lobis 3 oblanceolatis asquali- 
bus patulis atro-brunneis, petalis 2 superioribus minutis oblongis, inferiori 
(labello) porrecto oblongo cuspidato basi cuneato, staminibus 5, filamentis 
brevibus crassis, antheris linearibus apice emarginatis, styli ramis stig- 
matosis brevibus, fructu oblongo acuto chartaceo, seminibus atro-brunneis 
globosis. 

Protamomum niaxillarioides, Ridley in Trans. Linn. Soc. se r 2 Bot vol 
iii. p. 383, tab. 66. ' ' 



The genus Loivia, which was named by Father Scorte- 
chini after Sir Hugh Low, C.M.G., forms a very interest- 
ing connecting link between the Gringers and the Bananas. 
It has the habit and foliage of the former ; but five 
stamens are developed instead of one, and I quite agree 
with Mr. Ridley that it should be regarded as forming a 
distinct tribe of the natural order Scitaminese. The ori- 
ginal species, L. longiflora, Scortech., a native of Perak, has 
linear calyx-lobes four inches long. A second species from 
Borneo was described by Mr. N. E. Brown, in the Gar- 
dener's Chronicle for 1886, under the name of Orchidantha 
borneensis. I cannot separate Mr. Ridley's plant from 
these generically. L. longiflora has a small appendage to 
the anther ; but this is wanting in the Bornean species, as 
well as in the present plant, and the general plan of 
structure in all the three is identical. 

Since he took charge of the Botanical Gardens of 
Singapore, Mr. Ridley has made several expeditions to the 
east side of the Malay Peninsula, the botany of which was 
before almost unknown. He has there discovered a large 
number of novelties, a full account of which will be found 
in the part of the " Transactions of the Linnean Society " 

Apkil 1st, 1894. 



above cited. The present plant came from the island of 
raiau lawar. Our drawing was made from a living 
June 1893 ^ h ° me ' and whieh lowered at Kew in 

Deter — Acaulescent. Bootstock shortly creeping, tufts 
crowded. Lea** distichous; petiole long, erect f blade 
thl l S ', a °^ e ' mo J deratel y fi ™, eight or nine inches long, 
the laxly-disposed parallel main veins connected by fine 

branctT &?""" & ^ P aniole ' ™ th *"» "^ three 
™; r bl0h - Sprin ? s direct from tJw rootstock; 
flowers m successive pairs ; bracts two, the outer short 
the inner one longer and tubular. Calyx dark brown 
SinTthl aCk *, tUb6 o^™ 1 -' lob- three, equal 
PetltttJT™ 1 ^' an inch and a half W 
cu n date In' ° W Sma11 ' a ^dmg, oblong, 
a cunet; I T° h la ^ er ' s P r <> a <ling, °bovate, with 

U To* . fi. 8am i nS five ' erect > " «fcM» of an 

ant :: s -z ri s „? d orte j , tban tbe i r«»^ 

toothed tfZLi l' Style short > Wlth thre e small 
tnfface Sw? b K? n ° heS ' which are channelled down 
lonV l e tet-° bl0 r ng ' aCUte ' coriaceous, two inches 
J G. Baker. ' ° f a pea> sub gl°bo S e, dark brown.- 



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ON • 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE. 

CONTENTS OF No. 592, APRIL, 1894. 



Tab. 7347.— BEGONIA SCABREDA. 

„ 7348.— VERONICA CTTPRESSOIDES. 
„ 7349.— AMORPHOPHALLUS ELLIOTII. 
„ 7350.— TRICHOPITS ZEYLANICUS. 
„ 7351. — I. ILLARIOID1 

L. I Covent Garden. 



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ILLDSTRATIONS OF THE BMTISH FLORA- 

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BRITTEN F.L.S. 



Tab. 7352. 

GrYNERIUM SACCflAKOIDES. 
Native of Tropical America. 

Nat. Ord. Gramine^;. — Tribe Festuce^e. 
G enus Gynericjm, Humb. & Bonpl. ; (Benth. & Rook. f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 1 178.) 



Gyneritjm saccharoides ; caulibns caespitosis 10-15 pedalibus robustis, foliis 
distichis 4-5-pedalibus 1-2 poll, latis patenti-decurvis planis serrulatis 
glabris caudato-attenuatis coriaceis multistriatis, costa valida, vaginia 
patentim Bubbifariam pilosis ore ciliato, panicula 5-6-pedali cernua 
ramosissima efEusa ramis ramulis pedicellisqne gracilibus glabris, 
spiculis masculia glaberrimis glumis I. et II. lanceolatis, III. et IV. 
brevibus subaaqualibus oblongis, femiaeis laxe villosis glumis I. et II. 
anguste lanceolatis II. multoties longiore. 

G. saccharoides, Humb. Sf Bonpl. PL JEquinoct. vol. ii. p. 112, t. 215. H. B. 
& E. Nov. Gen. & Sp. vol. i. p. 149. Nees in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. ii. p. 462! 
Kunth Enum. PI. vol. i. p. 252, & Suppl. p. 194. Steud. Syn. Gram 197 
[W. Wats.] in Gard, Chron. (1888), ii. 416. 

G. sagittatum, Beauv. Agrostogr. p. 138, et t. xxiv. f. 6 procerum. 

Artindo sagittata, Pers. Syn. vol. i. p. 102 ? 

A. saccharoides, Griseb. Fl. Brit. Fl. Ind. 530. 

Saccharum sagittatum, Aubl. PI. Guian. vol. i. p. 50? 



The magnificent grass here figured is that which 
yields the ornamental feathery grass used for the decora- 
tion of rooms, and which, after being imported into 
London, are dyed of various colours, and sold as " Uva- 
grass." It has a wide range in distribution, abounding 
along river banks in the West Indies, Guiana, Brazil, and 
no doubt all intervening countries. The genus to which 
it belongs is a very small one, most closely allied to the 
European Arundo, containing only three or four species, 
amongst which is the G. argenteum, the so-called " Pampas 
Grass " of our gardens. These two noble grasses, one a 
native of tropical, the other of temperate S. America, are 
equally attractive, and yet so different in habit and 
appearance, that they can never be regarded as rivals for 
decorative purposes. 

For the following note on Gynerium saccharoides, as 
grown at Kew, I am indebted to Mr. Watson, premising 

May 1st, 1894, 



that the original plant was sent to the Royal Gardens in 
1875 by Dr. Capanema, of Rio cle Janeiro, and flowered, for 
the first time, several years ago : — " It is planted in a large 
pot, submerged in the tank of the Victoria House, where 
it produces numerous erect sterns, the tallest of which are 
twelve feet high, solid, one inch in diameter, clothed 
below with the tightly-clasping brown leaf-sheaths, and 
bearing above the middle distichous leaves four to five 
feet long, and an inch in width. Stolons are produced 
abundantly from the base, which, if not removed as they 
appear, would soon occupy the whole tank. It flowered 
from September, 1893, producing only a single panicle, 
which was female." 

In the following description the characters of the female 
panicle and spikelets are taken from the living Kew 
plant, those of the male spikelets from Herbarium 
specimens. 

Desert-Stems densely tufted, simple, twelve to fifteen 
teet high, erect, solid, an inch or more in diameter at the 
base Leaves four to five feet long, distichous, spreading 
ana uecurved, lmear, narrowed into a long flagelliform 
tip, serrulate, striated, many-nerved, bright green, not 
glaucous; midrib stout; base semi-amplexicaul ; sheaths 
nirsute with two broad bands of long spreading or de- 
flexed hairs ; hgule a ring of hairs. Panicle of the female 
h ^nT, T Dg ' £ Ve t0 Six feet lon g> excessively branched; 
ml ™lf? Ghht *> and P edicels ™ry slender, glabrous. 
felV P 9 f U I ! qUlte 1 glabr ° US > much smal] er ^ an the 
and TV i ' r Ce0l f tG ' glumes L and II. subequal, HI. 
diandron, q ^ ' ^ tlp rounded or subaristate, each 

flexuo™ X • ' ? %Mets Ioosel F clothed with very long, 
c X J * ; ? U Tr B extre ^edy narrow, I. linear-lan- 
into » W m T-V H u twice as W. gradually narrowed 

Wer ffi Tj SUb , UlatG P ° int ^ 1IL and IY ' e ^ al > 
subnlL n g b Sh ° rter than IL > ™vy narrowly 

2o,w5.7 5 oblong; sfcyles and sfci ^ mas very 

gl^m g es!'4 PO pS^l m l epanicIe( ?^• ™*)l 2, male spikelet; 3, flowering 

"'«T^^fem:.piketeT* n 7 fl ™ di **entary ovary from the same- 

■ M . ovary and rudiment*,™ V ' ^wering glumes from do. ; 8, tip of palea; 

rudimentary stamen from the same -.-All enlarged. 



7353. 




Uchlith. 



Sonlrap. 



Tab. 7353. 
SESBANIA punicea. 

Native of South Brazil and Argentina. 



Nat. Ord. Legtjminos.e.— Tribe Galege^. 
Genus Sesbania, Pers. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 502.) 



Sesbania_ (Daubentoma) punicea ; frutex v. arbuscula glabra, foliis pinnatis, 
rachi gracili, foliolis 8-15-jugis oppositis oblongis obovato-oblongisve 
obtusis apiculatis, stipulis subulatis, racemis nutantibus multifloris, 
bracteolis setaceis, floribus aurantiaco-coccineis, calyce turbinato trun- 
cato sub 5-dentato, vexillo amplo rotundato reflexo, alis falcato-oblongis 
obtusis, carinas petalis alis cequilongis valde incurvis unguibus, calyce 
duplo longioribus, legumine stipitato crasso tetragono et tetraptero 
4-10-spermo. 

S. punicea, Benth. in Mart. FL Bras. vol. xv. pars i. p. 43. 

Datjbentonia punicea, DC. Mem. Legum. p. 285 ; Prodr. vol. ii. p. 267, 

Piscidia punicea, Gav. Icon. iv. t. 316. 

iEscHYNOMEXE miniata, Orteg. Nov. PI. BTort. But. Matr. Dee. p. 28. 



It is singular that so beautiful a plant as that here 
figured, and one occurring abundantly over a very large 
area in the longest settled and most accessible regions of 
temperate South America (being of frequent occurrence 
close to the city of Buenos Ayres) should not have become 
long ago a favourite in English conservatories. It was 
introduced into Europe in the last century, and was 
figured by Cavanilles in 1797, as a native of New Spain 
(Mexico). It was again published by Ortega in his 
" Descriptions of new and rare plants of the Madrid 
Botanical Gardens " in the year 1800, as JEschynomyne 
miniata, with the same locality, and the name is to be 
found in Loudon's " Hortus Britannicus " (1830) as 
Daubentonia punicea (that given to it by De Candolle 
in 1825) where it is mentioned as a "moist stove" 
plant, introduced in 1820, and still as a native of New 
Spain. 

In so far as I have ascertained the first person who 
solved the problem of the genus and native country of 
8. punicea was Bentham, whose unrivalled knowledge of 

May 1st, 1894. 



the Leguminosaa led him to identify an Argentine plant, 
with the supposed Mexican Piscidia of Cavanilles, and 
Daubentonia of De Candolle, and refer it to its proper 
genus Sesbania. This is in Martius' " Flora Brasiliensis," 
where S. punicea is stated to extend from the Rio Grande 
do Sul in Brazil southward to Buenos Ayres, and westwards 
to the Parana river. According to a statement in the 
Kew Herbarium it occurs frequently on river banks. 

Seeds of S. punicea were obligingly sent to the Royal 
Gardens by A. Christie, Esq., of Trinity Lodge, Forest 
Hill, in 1889 ; from these plants were raised and placed in 
the Temperate House, where the specimen here figured 
flowered in October, 1893. 

Descr. — A laxly branched glabrous bush or small tree, 
with slender terete branches, drooping leaves, and racemes 
of large orange-red flowers. Leaves six to eight inches 
long ; short petiole and long rachis very slender ; leaflets, 
eight to fifteen pairs with an odd one, opposite, subsessile, 
oblong or obovate-oblong, tip rounded, apiculate, nerves 
spreading; stipules setaceous, caducous. Flowers large, 
in a drooping, shortly peduncled raceme six to ten 
inches long, scarlet in bud, but paleing as they open to 
orange ; bracteoles setaceous ; pedicels one-fourth to half 
an inch long. Calyx turbinate, truncate, very shortly 
lobed. Standard orbicular, nearly an inch broad, recurved. 
H nigs two-thirds of an inch long, oblong, obtuse. Keel- 
petals as long as the wings, strongly falcate, claws very 
long; hmb oblong, obtuse. Ovary slender, strongly in- 
curved, style long, stigma terminal. Legume stipitate, two 
to four inches long, acuminate, 4-angled ; angles with 
coriaceous wings. Seeds 4 to 10, globoselv reniform.— 
J.D.B. ° J 



Z*S5 \ F j 0Vf . e J s ^ the P etaIa removed; 2, keel-petal ; 3, pistil -.-all en- 
uugca j 4, tnut and 5, transverse section of do. (from Herbarium specimen) 
V] the natural sizt>. v r 



7354. 







Vincent Broods/Day"- 



Tab. 7354. 
OSTEOMELES anthyllidifolia. 
Native of Eastern Asia and the Pacific Islands. 



Nat. Ord. Eosace^;. — Tribe Pome^. 
Genus Osteomeles, Lindl; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 628.) 



Osteomei/es anthyllidifolia ; fruticuhis sempervirens, ramulis rigidis, foliis 
pinnatis breviter petiolatis, foliolis ad 12-jugis parvis sessilibus alternis 
oblongig obovato-oblongisve obtusis apiculatis coriaceis ntrinque v. snbtns 
subsericeo pilosis v. fere glaberrimis et lucidis, racbi trigono medio 
sulcato, floribus in corymbos terminales axillares paucidoros dispositis 
albis, sepalis ovatis subacutis, petalis sepalis duplo longioribus obovato- 
oblongis patulis, staminibus subbiseriatis petalis brevioribus, drupis 
pisiformibus coccineis sepalis persist entibus coronatis. 

O. anthyllidifolia, Lindl. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 98, t. 8. DC. Prodr. 
vol. ii. p. 633. A. Gray in Mem. Am. Acad. N.S. vi. (1857), 388. Maxim, 
in Mel. Biol. vol. ix. p. 182. Hemsl. in Bot. Challenger Exped. vol. i. 
Introd. p. 18, in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxiii., p. 265, and vol. xxviii. 
p. 56. Gard. Chron. (1893), p. 743. Lemoine Prix Cour. n. 124 (1893), 
p. iii. 

O. subrotunda, C Koch in Miq. Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. vol. i. p. 250. 
Miq. I. c. p. 41. 

Pyrns anthyllidifolia, Smith in Bees Cyclop, vol. xxix. n. 29. 



The genus Osteomeles was founded by Lindley on the 
plant here figured, which was discovered in Hawaii 
(Sandwich Islands) by Archibald Menzies, the surgeon and 
naturalist who accompanied Captain Vancouver, R.N., in 
his voyage to survey the coasts of N.W. America in 1792. 
Lindley's figure, in the " Linngean Transactions," repre- 
sents a different form of the plant from that given in our 
plate, the leaflets and petals being more distant, obovate- 
spathulate, and the filaments longer. Tbe same species 
has been found to extend westward as far as Burma, 
availing itself, as it were, by stepping-stones, across the 
Pacific of Bonin, and the Loo-choo Islds., and thence ex- 
tending to China, where it inhabits the mountains of Yun- 
nan, and the Shan States, where it was found by Col. Sir 
Henry Collett, K.C.B., when serving in the last Burmese 
war. What is even more curious, is the southern extension 
of this pecular little shrub far into the Southern hemisphere, 

31 a v 1st, 1894. 



namely, to Pitcairn's laid. (23° S. and 150° W.), and 
Mangaia Isld. 22° S. 158° W. It varies a good deal in 
the hairiness of its leaves, in the Sandwich Islands 
especially, from nearly glabrous to silkily tomentose 
beneath, and in the breadth of the leaflets. The genus 
is closely allied to Crataegus and Cotoneaster ; and in 
the uni-ovnlate cells of the ovary to Amelanchier. All 
the other species (about seven) are Andean, and have 
simple leaves. 

A plant of Osieomeles antliyllidifolia was received in 
March, 1892, at Kew, from the Jardin des Plantes, Paris, 
where it was raised from seed sent by the Abbe Delavay 
from Yunnan. It flowered in a cool greenhouse in May 
of the following year, and, as Mr. Watson informs me, was 
transferred to the open border against a south-east wall 
in October of the same year, where it grows freely, fruits, 
and forms an elegant evergreen (not deciduous, as de- 
scribed in Floras) little shrub. Hitherto it has proved 
perfectly hardy, carrying healthy evergreen leaves, not- 
withstanding the frosts (22° in one night) of last 
December. 

Bescr. — A small evergreen bush, five or six ft. high, 
much branched ; branches stout, clothed with a dark 
brownish-black bark, branchlets, leaves, pedicels and calyx 
loosely softly hairy. Leaves two to four inches long, by 
i~i inch broad, spreading and recurved, shortly petioled, 
impari-pinnate ; pinnules in pairs, £-£ in. long, opposite 
and alternate, elliptic, apiculate, yellowish green, paler be- 
neath ; rachis trigonous, channelled on the upper surface ; 
stipules small, subulate, deciduous. Floivers in short, 
subsessile, terminal corymbs, shortly pedicelled, about two- 
thirds of an inch in diameter, white ; bracteoles minute. 
Calyx-tube broadly turbinate ; lobes ovate, subacute, per- 
sistent. Petals obovate-oblong, twice as long as the sepals, 
concave. Stamens very many, shorter than the petals ; 
anthers small, didymous, yellow. Ovary 5-celled ; styles 
hairy, stigmas small, oblique. Drupe globose, crowned 
by the calyx, dark red ; pyrenes five, crustaceous, dimidiate- 
obovate.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Portion of leaf ; 2, vertical section of flower ; 3, stamen ; 4, fruiting 
corymb of the natural size ; 5, pyrene :— All but fig. 4 enlarged. 



7355 




Vincent Bi 



Tab. 7355. 

hillia teteandba. 

Native of Jamaica, Cuba and Mexico. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiace,e. — Tribe Cixcuoseje. 
Genus Hillia, Jacq.; {Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 39.) 



Hillia tetrandra ; f rutex glaberrimus, ramulis teretibus, foliis sessilibus 
ellipticis obovatis v. spathuJato-oblanceolatis obtusis basi cuneatis 
pallide viridibus lucidis, costa infra medium crassa nervis erecto-paten- 
tibus, floribns solitariis terminalibus sessilibus 2-bracteatis et 4 bracteolatis 
tetrameris albis, bracteis pollicaribus late-oblongis membranaceis albia 
caducis, calycis tubo cylindraceo 8-sulcato, lobis 2-4 linearibus erectis 
obtusis, corollas magna? albaa tubo gracili 24-pollicari, lobis ovato- 
rotundatis recurvis triplo longiore, fauce modice dilatata, staminibus 
fauce corollas inclnsis, antheris sessilibus lineari-oblongis, stylo brevi, 
stigmatibus linearibus, capsuke valvis demum tortis. 

H. tetrandra, Swartz Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 58; Fl. Ind. Occ. vol. i. p. 630; 
Ic. PI. Ind. Occ. t. xi. DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 351. Ail. Ilort. Kew Ed. 2, 
vol. ii. p. 315. Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. p. 325. 

?H. tuxtlensis, Fl. Mex. ined. ex DC. I. c. 



The genus Hillia commemorates the services rendered 
to Botany by the more sumptuous than scientific works of 
the all but forgotten Sir John Hill, who was successively 
apothecary, botanist, stage actor, dramatist, novelist, 
essayist, physician, quack doctor, and translator of " Theo- 
phrastus on Gems," but who is perhaps best remembered 
as the traducer of the Royal Society, for election to which 
body he vainly tried to get proposers. He died in 
1775. His best claim for recognition is his " Hortus 
Kewensis," a catalogue of the plants cultivated in the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, of which the first edition was pub- 
lished in 1779, and dedicated to Augusta, Princess of 
Wales. 

The only two species of Hillia, H. longiflora and that 
liere figured, have long been known in cultivation. The 
former was introduced in 1789, and is figured on t. 721 
of this work. H. tetrandra was brought to Kew in 1793 
from Jamaica in H.M. Providence by Captain Bligh, on 
his return from his second voyage, when he introduced 
the Bread-fruit tree into that islaDd. Like H. longiflora 
it is an epiphyte, growing on mossy tree-trunks in the 
Mat 1st, 1894. 



mountainous districts of Jamaica and Cuba. It has been 
very recently collected near the city of Teapa, in Mexico 
(growing there also on trunks of trees) by Mr. J. N". 
Rovirosa, from whom there are specimens in the Kew 
Herbarium. The H. tuxtlensis of Mexico, alluded to by 
De Candolle, as having two bracts and two calyx lobes, 
will in all probability prove to be H. tetrandra, 

H. tetrandra was obtained by the Eoyal Gardens from 
Messrs. V. Lemoine and Son, of Nancy, in March, 1893, 
and it flowered in October of the same year, when only 
about a foot in height. 

Descr.—A. low shrub, described as three to four ft. 
in height; branches terete, smooth, branchlets green. 
Leaves sessile, 2-3 inches long, variable in breadth, from 
broadly elliptic to spathulate or oblanceolate, obtuse, or 
rounded at the tip, base cuneate, pale green on both sur- 
faces rather deeper above ; midrib thickened below the 
middle, suddenly slender beyond it; nerves 6-8 pairs, 
obliquely ascending; stipules oblong, caducous. Flowers 
solitary, terminal, sessile, white, fragrant, bibracteate. 
tracts an inch long, oblong, rounded at the tip, erect, 
concave, veined, white, membranous, caducous ; bracteoles 
% mmute, m opposite pairs, oblong, obtuse, one pair much 
the largest. Calyx-tube cylindric, 8-grooved ; sepals 2 or 
*, nait an inch long, narrowly linear-oblong, obtuse, 
erect green Corolla-tube 2} in. long, cylindric, slightly 
swollen below the mouth; lobes nearly an inch broad, 
«Z A i? te ' ° bfcUSe > recur ™d. Anthers 4, sessile, in- 
serted half an inch below the mouth of the tube, linear. 
uvary 2-celled; style equalling the calyx-lobes, stigmas 
hnear Capsule several inches long, slender, terete.- 



of ^rolia^ 6 ^^' °? ry ' caI y x : s egments, disk and style ; 2, upper portion 
enlarged stamens; 3, transverse section of the omy -.-All 



7356. 




ttchJah 






Tab. 7356. 

TIGRIDIA VIOLACEA. 
Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. iRiDEiE. — Tribe Mor^eEjE. 
Genus Tigridia, Ker. ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 690.) 



Tigridia yiolacea ; bulbo oblongo parvo tunicis membranaceia brunneis, folh's 
2-3 linearibus erectis glabria plicatis, caule gracili 1-2-cephalo, spatha? 
valyis oblongo-lanceolatis viridibus, floribus 4-5-nig, pedicellis elongatis, 
perianthio violaceo segmentis exterioribus lamina orbiculari ungue lato 
cuneato pallido punctis parvis violaceis decorato, aegmentis interioribus 
multo minoribus, antheris arcnatis oblongo-lanceolatis columna filamen- 
torum aequilongis, styli ramis profundo bifidis patulis. 

T. violacea, Schiede, ex Schlecht. in Otto Sf Dietr. Gartenzeit (1858), p. 233. 
Klotzsch in Ic. PL Bar. Hort. Berol. 60, t. 20. Planch, in Flore des 
Serres, t. 998. Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 136 : Handb. Irid. 
p. 68. 

Beatonia purpurea, Herb, in Bot. Mag. sub t. 3779. 

In addition to Tigridia Pavonia and its near ally T. 
Pringlei (Bot. Mag. tab. 7089) there are six small-flowered 
species, which behave in the same way in their flowering' 
as the old well-known type of the genus. They nearly all 
inhabit the mountains of Mexico. Though the present 
plant was introduced into cultivation by Bhrenberg more 
than fifty years ago, it is still but little known. The wild 
specimens in the Kew Herbarium are from Yucatan, 
gathered by Linden and Chiapas, gathered by Ghiesbreght. 
The Royal Gardens received the bulbs not long ago from 
Messrs. Pringle and Horsford, of Vermont. It flowered 
in a bed in the open air last July. 

Descr. — Bulb oblong, under an inch in diameter ; outer 
tunics brown, membranous, produced above its neck. 
Basal leaves two or three, erect, linear, glabrous, very 
plicate, a foot long, narrowed gradually to the point. 
Stem slender, erect, bearing one or two clusters of flowers. 
Outer spathe-valves oblong-lanceolate, subequal, green, 
two inches long. Flowers four or five in each spathe, 
fugitive, opening successively ; pedicels long, finally stiffly 
erect. Perianth two inches in diameter ; outer segments 

May 1st, 1894. 



with a suborbicular violet blade, and broad whitish 
cuneate claw, spotted with violet ; inner segments much 
smaller than the outer. Filaments united in a short 
cylindrical column ; anthers arcuate, oblong-lanceolate. 
Style-branches deeply bifid, spreading, subulate. — /. G. 
Baker. 



Fig. 1, Inner segment of perianth ; 2, stamens and style ; 3, style with the 
stamens cut away -.—All enlarged. 



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7357. 







Tab. 7357. 
SANSEVIERIA Kibkii. 

Native of South-east Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. H/EModorace/K. — Tribe Optiiopogoxe >;. 
Genus Sansevieria, Tkunb.; (Benth, ct Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 679.) 



Sansevieria Ktrkti; rhizomatosa, foliis in rosulaa 3-4 oblanceolatis 2-3-peda- 
libus rigide coriaceis sordide viridibus obscure albo maculatis rubro- 
brunneo marginatis dirnidio saperiori subplanis deorsum crassis facie 
canaliculars dorso conrexis striis 5 subtilibas verticalibus percursis, 
pedunculo foliis breviori, racemo congesto subgloboso, bracteis primariis 
ovatis, periantbii tubo viridulo cylindrico 4-5-pollicari, lobis oblanceolatis 
tubo 4-5-plo brevioribus, staminibus lobis aequilongis, stylo protruso 
apice stigmatoso capitate 

Sansevieria Kirkii, Baker in Kew Bullet. 1887, No. 5, p. 3, fig. 3, et p. 8. 



This new species of Bowstring Hemp is intermediate in 
the character of the leaf between S. gmmensis and 8. 
zeulanica, whilst in flower it substantially agrees with 
8. longiflora, Sims (Bot. Mag. t. 2634). It was sent 
(living plants) by Sir John Kirk, F.R.S., in 1881 to the Royal 
Gardens, Kew, from the neighbourhood of the coast of the 
African mainland opposite the island of Zanzibar. It 
was briefly described provisionally in the first volume of 
the Kew Bulletin, but at that time the flower was not 
known. It flowered for the first time in the Palm House 
at Kew in February, 1893, after having been in cultivation 
twelve years. Messrs. Ide and Christy reported upon the 
leaves which they examined in 1887 that they yielded fibre 
1.69 per cent, in weight, as compared with the green leaf, 
and that the fibre was rather stout, but very clean and 
good in colour, and of fair strength, and that its value in 
the market at that date was 211. per ton. 

Descr. — Rootstock a stout rhizome. Leaves not more 
thau three or four to a tuft, oblanceolate, two or three 
feet long, three inches broad above the middle, narrowed 
gradually to an inch above the base, rigidly coriaceous, 
dull green, obscurely mottled with white, bordered with a 

June 1st. 1894. 



narrow red-brown line, nearly flat on both sides in the 
upper half, thickened and deeply channelled down the face 
towards the base, rounded on the back, and marked with 
five slender vertical grooves. Peduncle much shorter than 
the leaves, bearing several ascending ovate, greenish 
bract leaves. Inflorescence a densely congested subglobose 
raceme, six or eight inches in diameter ; primary bracts 
ovate, greenish ; flowers about six to each primary bract. 
Perianth-tube cylindrical, greenish-white, four or five inches 
long ; lobes oblanceolate, about an inch long. Stamens as 
long as the perianth-lobes. Style protruded beyond the 
tip of the lobes ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Base of the leaf, life size ; 2, perianth-lobe and two stamens ; 
3, anther; 4, ovary, 5, stigma; 6, vertical section of ovary: — all enlarged ' ; 
7, whole plant, much reduced. 



7358 







Tines rttB 



Tab. 7358. 
CAMPANULA excim. 

Native of the Valais Alps. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulacejs.— Tribe Campanule^e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 561.) 



Campanula (Eucodon) excisa; perennis, glaberrima gracillima, caulibus sub- 
simplicibus paucifloris, foliis (radicalibus 0) sparsis linearibus obtusis 
remote denticulatis, floribns longe gracile pedicellatia nntantibus, 
calycis glabri tubo brevi turbinato lobis setaceis patulis corolla cam- 
panulata coerulea triplo brevioribus, corollaa lobis ovatis subacutis 
marginibua infra medium incurvis sinubus rotundatis, filamentis 
brevibus dilatatis ciliatis, capaula pedicellata nutante obconica. 

C. excisa, Schleich. ex Murrith, Guid. du Voy. en Valais, pp. 33, 35. 

DC. Cat. Eort. Monsp. (1814) p. 86. Lodd, Bot. Cab. t. 561. Beiehb. 

PI. Grit. vol. i. t. 78. Gaud. Fl. Heket. vol. ii. p. 147, t. 2. A.DC. in 

DC. Pxodr. vol. vii. p. 472. Masters in Gard. Chron. (1893) vol. ii. p. 307, 

f . 53. 



A very elegant plant, of which the published figures, 
with the exception of the woodcut in the Gardener's 

Chronicle, are so exceptionally bad, that it would be im- 
possible to recognize the species by them. Its habit is 
that of our common Harebell, G. rotundifolia, but it wants 
the broad radical leaves of that plant, and the lobes of the 
corolla which are separated by a wide rounded sinus are 
involute at the base, giving a dark shade of colour to each 
sinus, which is difficult to represent in a drawing, without 
giving the idea of there being deep blue spots between each 
pair of lobes. 

Though abundant in some part of the Alps, especially in 
the Monte Eosa district of the Valais, C. excisa is by no 
means a common Swiss plant. It is mentioned in A. de 
Candolle's " Geographie Botanique " (p. 587) as an example 
of his " Especes a aire tres petite," though its limits are 
not so narrow as the author supposed. There are many 
specimens of it in the Kew Herbarium from the above 
region, and only one from East or West of it, namely from 
Mt. Cenis. None of the native examples are much more 
than half the height which the specimens grown at Kew 

June 1st, 1894. 



have attained, and which were brought by Mrs. Thiselton 
Dyer from the Simplon aud Saasthal Valleys in 1892, and 
flowered in the rock-work of the Royal Gardens in June, 

1893. 

Descr.— Quite glabrous. Stems very slender, erect from 
a perennial root, 2-8 inches high, nearly simple except at 
the tip, leafy all the way up, few-flowered. Leaves all 
cauline (except no doubt in seedling or very young states) 
about an inch long by one-tenth of an inch broad, 
narrowly linear or slightly enlarging upwards, remotely 
toothed. Flowers nodding, pale bright violet-blue, ivith 
five translucent spots between the base of the corolla lobes. 
Calyx-tube very short, turbinate, ribbed ; lobes subulate, 
horizontally spreading. Corolla two-thirds of an inch long, 
exactly campanulate, 5-angled, divided for one-third way 
into 5 cordately ovate acuminate suberect lobes, with in- 
curved margins at the base, and rising into an interposed 
mucro between the adjacent lobes ; the interspaces hence 
represent a cordiform perforation of the corolla tube. 
Filaments very short, broad, ciliate; anthers linear-oblong. 
Style short, stout; stigma cylindric, with 3 recurved lobes. 
—J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with the corolla removed ; 2, portion of corolla laid open ; 
o, transversa section of the ovary -.—All enlarged. 




73.59 



■ 



■V5ncertLBrooks,Day- 



Tab. 7359. 
CAEAGUATA oonipeea. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace^;. — Tribe Tillandsie/E. 
Genus Cakaguata, Lindl; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 668.) 



Cabaguata cenifera ;; acaulis, foliis 15-20 dense roaulatis lanceolatia charta- 
ceis viridibna immaculatis parce lepidotis 2-3-pedaiibus basi dilatatis 
apice deltoide acuminato, peduncnlo valido crebre foliato foliis longiori, 
floribus in capitnlum densum simplicem globosum nggregatis, bracteis 
primaries unifloris ovato-lanceolatis dense imbricatis splendide rubris 
apice saape lateo maculatis, calycis tnbo brovi lobls oblongis, corollas 
Iutere tubo subcylindrico calyce longiori lobia oblongis, sfcaminibua louis 
brevioribus, filamentis brevissimis applanatis, stylo elongato ramis 
stigmatosis undulatis. 

Caraguata conifera, Andre Enum. Bromel. p. 5 ; Bromel. Andr. p. 47, tab. 15. 
Baker Handb. Bromel. p. 145. 



The germs Garaguata has entirely the habit of Tilland- 
sia, from which it differs only by its gamopetalous corolla. 
At the date of the publication of the third volume of 
Bentham and Hooker's " Genera Plantarum " (1883) only 
five species were known, now the number has been raised to 
about forty, principally by discoveries made by our ex- 
cellent correspondent, Monsieur Edouard Andre in his 
explorations of New Grenada and Ecuador. The Royal 
Gardens are indebted to him for the specimen of the pre- 
sent plant, from which our drawing has been made. It 
was discovered in 1882 by Monsieur H. Poortman near 
Zamora, in Southern Ecuador. It is nearly allied to the 
old well-known West Indian G. lingulata, on which 
Lindley founded the genus, but is much larger in all its 
parts, with persistent bracts of the most brilliant scarlet. 
It was sent by M. Andre to Kew in August, 1893, and 
was drawn when in full flower in September. 

Descr. — Acaulescent. Leaves about twenty in a dense 
rosette, lanceolate, chartaceous, bright green, very slightly 
lepidote, two or three feet long, two inches broad at the 
middle, dilated at the base, narrowed to a deltoid acumi- 

Ju.ne 1st, 1894 



nate tip. Peduncle stiffly erect, central, overtopping the 
leaves, hidden by the imbricated ascending lanceolate bract- 
leaves. Inflorescence a dense, simple, globose capitulum, 
about three inches in diameter ; bracts densely imbricated, 
ovate-lanceolate, erect, one-flowered, about two inches 
long, bright scarlet, often tipped with yellow. Calyx an 
inch long ; tube short ; lobes oblong. Corolla pale yellow ; 
tube subcylindrical, longer than the calyx ; lobes oblong. 
Stamens inserted at the throat of the corolla-tube, shorter 
than the lobes; filaments very short, flattened. Ovary 
ovoid; style long, with three short, much undulated 
stigmatose branches. Capsule cylindrical, apiculate, an 
inch and a half long;. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Bract and flower; 2, vertical section of corolla, with stamens; 
8, front view of anther ; 4, back view of anther ; 5, pistil : — all more or less 
enlarged. 



7360 




MSdaUKEodjtfH. 



Vincent Brooks .D^fc-Sonlmp. 






Tab. 7360. 

VERONICA ANOMALA. 
Native of New Zealand. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularine.e. — Tribe Digitale.*. 
Genus Veronica, Linn.; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 964.) 

Veronica (Hebe) anomala; fmtex erectus, ramosissimus, glaberrimus, 
ramulis gracilibus erectis dense foliosis, foliis parvis (l~l poll, loagis) 
sessilibus patulis ellipticis subacutis integerrimis carinatis saturate viri- 
dibus nitidis, floribus in spicas breves subsessiles paniculatas subpuberulas 
ad apices ramulorum confertas dispositis oppositis albis, bracteis ovatis 
calycem fequantibus, calycis oblongi fere 4-parfciti lobis lineari-oblongis 
obtusis ciliolatis, corollas tubo gracili calyce duplo longiore, lobis 3 
posticis ovato-oblongis obtusis, anticoangustelineari, filamentis elongatis, 
antheris oblongis cseruleis, ovario glaberrimo, 

V. anomala, Armstrong in Trans. iV. Zeald. Instit. vol. iv. (1872) p. 291. 



Veronica, anomala is one of the most attractive of the 
New Zealand shrubby Speedwells, owing to its graceful 
habit, its deep green polished leaves, and copious in- 
florescence. It was named anomala, in reference to the 
peculiarity of the corolla, which is described by its author 
as having three nearly equal lobes, or two unequal ones, 
the longer forked at the tip. This reduction of the lobes 
to three, which I have never found to be the case in any 
specimen cultivated in this country, was no doubt due (in 
Mr. Armstrong's native plant) to the entire suppression of 
the anticous lobe, which, as shown in the accompanying 
drawing, and in all the plants I have seen under cultiva- 
tion in England, is reduced to a linear blade very much 
narrower than the other three. P. anomala is a native of 
the New Zealand Alps, it was discovered by Mr. Armstrong 
in the valley of the Rakaia river, in the Ashburton Pro- 
vince of the South Island, at an elevation of 4000 ft. ; and 
it has been since found in the Broken River Valley by Mr. 
Kirk, F.L.S., and at the sea level in the extreme south, 
namely, Paterson's inlet, Stewart's Island, by the same 
botanist. It flowered at Kew in 1886, and since then in 
the Botanical Gardens of Cambridge and Edinburgh, and in 
my own near Sunningdale. It is perfectly hardy. 

June 1st, 189 1. 



Descr. — A slender shrub, three to four feet high, erect, 
with erect fastigiate densely leafy purplish branches and 
branchlets ; branches slender, and leaves perfectly glabrous. 
Leaves one-third to one inch long, subsessile, spreading, 
elliptic, subacute, quite entire, coriaceous, keeled, deep 
green, and shining above, pale beneath, midrib obscure. 
Flower white, in very short sessile spikes that are crowded 
together, forming short terminal panicles at the ends of 
the branches, opposite, quite sessile ; bracts as long as the 
calyx, ovate, most minutely puberulous. Calyx % in. long, 
oblong, cylindric, base rounded ; segments linear- oblong, 
obtuse, erect, margins ciliolate. Corolla-tube twice as long 
as the calyx ; lobes 4 (rarely 3) spreading ; three dorsal, 
oblong, obtuse, the anticous very narrowly linear. Fila- 
ments long. Anthers oblong, blue. Ovary quite glabrous. 
—J. D. H. 



Fig- 1, Portion of spike with bracts and flowers ; 2, calyx and style ; 3 and 
4, anthers ; 5, ovary and disk ; 6, fruiting branchlet ; 7, fruit with calyx : — 
All but f . 6 enlarged. 




M.S.delJ.N.RtohlitK 



Tab. 7361. 

RHODODENDRON irroratum. 
Native of China. 

Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Tribe Ehodore^e. 
Genus Ehododendron, Linn. ; (Benth. & Ilooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599.) 



Ehododendron (Eurhododendron) irroratum ; frutex ramosus, ramulis crassius- 
culis, ultimis puberulis, foliis breviter petiolatis oblongis lanceolatisve 
mucronatis basi cuneatis glaucis glaberrimis rigidis nervis utrinque 
costm 12-15, floribus laxe glomeratis, pedicellis glaridulosis, calyce 
minimo cupulari dense glanduloso lobis obscuris rotuudatis, corolla cam- 
pauulata alba extus glabra intus basin versus puberula, lobis 5- 
rotundatis, staminibus 10 inclusis, filamentis inferne brevissime ciliatis, 
ovario glandulis minutis fuscis obtecto, stylo gracili ad apicem usque 
glanduloso. 

E. irroratum, Franchet in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, vol. xxxiv. (1887) p. 280- 
Ilemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. (1889) p. 26. 



Rhododendron irroratum, belongs to that group of the 
genus which includes most .of the American species, to- 
gether with the European 11. ponticum, and the Himalayan 
H. arbor dim, and which is characterized by the large 
shrubby habit, terminal inflorescence, small calyx, and 
campanulate 5-lobed corolla. In habit and foliage it re- 
sembles B. ponticum a good deal, differing in the long 
corolla-tube, and cupular calyx. It was discovered in 
woods at Peetsaolo, near Lankong, in the mountainous 
district of Yunnan, at an elevation of about 8000 ft. 
by the Abbe Delavay, who sent seeds to the Jardin des 
Plantes. Of the seedlings there raised one was sent to the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, in 1890, which flowered in a small 
oreenhouse in September, 1893, when only a foot high, and 
Snbranched. It is certainly in its present condition the 
least ornamental species of the genus known to me ; it is 
to be hoped that it may prove more attractive as it grows 
older, or afford better coloured varieties. The flowers are 
described by Franchet as white, but those of our plant 
have the corolla-lobes suffused with rose, and faint spots 
of the same colour occur within the tube. 

June 1st, 1894. 



Descr. — A glabrous shrub several feet high, with robust 
stems, branches, and branchlets, the youngest shoots 
minutely puberulous. Leaves spreading and deflexed, 
three to four inches long, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or 
oblanceolate, obtuse, apiculate, base acute or cuneate, 
margins recurved; nerves 12 to 15 pairs, very slender; 
upper surface convex, bright green, under pale green, with 
very slender nerves and reticulating nervules ; petiole very 
short. Flowers many, in terminal heads, very shortly 
pedicelled ; bracts \ to f inch long, oblong," concave, 
yellow brown, tips ciliate. Pedicel very glandular. Calyx 
cupular, glandular, obscurely 5-lobed, the lobes ciliate. 
Curolla one and a half inch long, rather narrowly cam- 
panulate, tube white, with 5 furrows and as many gibbosi- 
ties at the retuse base ; lobes 5, short, rounded, spreading 
and recurved, suffused with rose. Stamens 10, filaments 
glabrous, anthers shortly oblong. Ovary conical, ten- 
furrowed and ten-celled, minutely glandular ; style strict, 
sparsely glandular from the base to the tip, stigma small. 



AU Infar? d 7 * and Pi8til ' 2 and 3 ' stainen8 ; 4 ' transverse section of ovary :— 



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„ 7358.— CAMPANULA EXCISA. 
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By GEORGE BENTHAM, FRS 

F.R.S.',&c. 10. 

ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE BRITISH FLORA- 

En ^ avL ns, of British Plants, 

! FITCH, F.L.S., axd W. G. SMITH F I 

EN. 

JOUENAL OF BOTANY. 



7362 







J. Hjaeve olC LoruloTV. 



AAnce:nt"HT-ooT<s^sy &-SonImp 



Tab. 7362. 

HOULLETIA Landsbergi. 
Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide,e. — Tribe Yandex. 
Genus Houlletia, Brongn. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 550.) 



Houlletia Landsbergi ; pseudobulbis ovoideis obtuse angulatis, folio ovato- 
lanceolato acuto in petiolum angustato ad 9-nervi, scapo crasso decurvo 
3-vaginato paucifloro, floribus aniplis 3 poll, latis rubro-aurantiacis maculis 
eaturatioribus creberrime ornatis, sepalis obtusislateralibus oyato-oblongis, 
dorsali elliptico, petalis saturatius coloratiB subtriangulari-ovatis basi 
angustatis margine interiore medio late emarginato et in cornn pro- 
ducto, labelli albi purpureo adspersi hypochilo sublineari carnoso basi 
concavo subbilobo, medio utrinque in cornu elongatum erectum dein 
incurvum album producto, epichilo hypochilo breviore late hastato-ovoideo 
apice rotundato angulis posticis in cornua patentia alba productis. 

H. Landsbergi, Linden & Reich, f. in Begel Gartenfl. (1855) 2, cum Ic. 



Though published and figured so long ago as 1855, Houl- 
letia Landsbergi is a very little known plant, and has been 
erroneously supposed to be a native of Brazil. The genus 
to which it belongs is a small one, numbering only eight 
published species, and is closely allied to Stanhopea, differ- 
ing technically chiefly in the very narrow stalk of the 
pollinia, but very much otherwise in form of flower. Two 
other species are figured in this work, both with longer 
more terete petioles and erect racemes, H. Brocldehurstiana, 
Lindl. t. 4072, with the upper half of each sepal and petal 
dark red, and a blue epichile ; and II. picta, Lindl. and 
Eeich. f., t. 6305, with the corresponding parts of the sepals 
and petals chestnut-brown, and the epichile yellow mottled 
with almost black brown. The specimen of H. Landsbergi 
here figured differs somewhat from the figure in the 
Gartenflora, which has much paler sepals and petals, the 
epichile of the lip is white with a yellow tip and a few 
minute purple spots, the petals are much smaller, more 
obovate-oblong, with a shallow notch in the inner margin, 
which is not produced into a horn. 

H. Landsbergi was obtained by the Royal Gardens, Kew, 
in the summer of 1891, from Mr. Richard Pfau, of the 

July 1st, 1894. 



Central American Nurseries, San Jose, Costa Rica. It 
flowered in an " intermediate " house in September, 1893. 
Descr. — Pseudobulbs an inch long, ovoid, obtusely angled, 
dark green. Leaf nearly a foot long, by four inches broad, 
elliptic-ovate, acute, about 9-nerved, narrowed into a 
ribbed petiole, pale green. Peduncle about four inches 
long, stout, strongly decurved, lower part dark red brown, 
upper violet ; spathes three at the flexure, short, obtuse ; 
bracts half as long as the ovary, oblong, inflated. Flowers 
three inches across the petals, longer from the tip of the 
dorsal sepal to that of the epichile. Sepals reddish- orange, 
densely tesselate with rounded red-brown spots, obtuse, 
dorsal elliptic, lateral ovate-oblong. Petals darker coloured 
than the sepals, triangular-ovate, with a broad excised 
notch in the inner margin, and there produced into an 
acute horn. Lip with a white, narrow, fleshy hypochile, 
barred towards the base with blood-red, and having on 
each side, about the middle, a long erect incurved horn ; 
epichile not half the length of the hypochile, broadly 
hastately ovate, white mottled with violet purple ; tip 
rounded, posterior angles produced into large white erect 
incurved horns. Column golden-yellow, sprinkled with 
re&.—J.D.H. 



Figs. 1 and 2, front and side views of column : 3 and 4, anther ; 5 and 6, 
pollina :— All enlarged. 



7363 




KSddJ.NRtcKlitK 



L Reeve 3cC° London. 



Tab. 7363. 
GASTROCHILUS Curtisii. 

Native of Malay Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine.e. — Tribe ZingiberEjE. 
Genus Gastrochilus, Wall; (Benth. et Eook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 642.) 



Gastbochilus Curtisii ; acaulis, foliis 3-4 oblongis acutis dorso pubescenhbns, 
petiolo canaliculato demum alato, iloribus 3-4 centralibua sessihbus, 
bracteis pallidis scariosia convolntis, calycis tubo cylindrico dentibua 
lanceolatis erectis, corollae tubo cylindrico apice ampliato calyce duplo 
longiori Iobis porrectis oblongo-lanceolatis albis, ataminodiia superionbua 
oblongo-lanceolatis, labello oblongo apice et marginibus rubellis decur- 
vatis, genitalibus e tubo breviter exsertia. 



This new species of Gastrochilus is nearly allied to G. 
longifiora, Wall. (Bot. Mag. t. 4010), but the flowers are 
smaller and the labellum is very different. It closely 
resembles the well-known Kcempferia pandurata, Eoxb. 
(Bot. Beg. tab. 173), and requires similar treatment. 
Gastrochilus is only distinguished from Kcempferia by the 
want of a crest to the anther, and I thmk it would be 
better regarded as a subgenus, now that the difference 
of habit has been so completely broken down by new dis- 
coveries. The present plant is a native of the forests ot 
Penang, where it was discovered by Mr. Chas. Curtis, 
Assistant Superintendent of the Garden and Forests De- 
partment, Straits Settlements. It was sent by him to the 
Eoyal Gardens, Kew, in 1893, and flowered freely m a 
warm conservatory last summer. 

Bescr.— Acaulescent. Bootstoch fleshy. Produced leaves 
about four to a tuft, petiole four to six inches long, deeply 
channelled down the face, winged on the edges in the 
lower half ; blade oblong, acute, bright green, a loot long, 
five or six inches broad at the middle, pubescent on the 
back. Flowers white, contemporary with the leaves, 
sessile, central ; bracts white, scariose, convolute, as long 
as the calvx. Calyx white, scariose; tube cylindrical ; 
teeth lanceolate, erect, Corolla-tube two inches long, 
rather dilated at the top ; lobes standing forward, oblong- 

Jtjly 1st, 1894. 



lanceolate, ao inch long. Upper staminodet about as long 
as the corolla-lobes ; labellum rather longer, oblong, with 
:i deflexed tip and deflexed reddish edges; fertile stamen 
and style but little protruded from the corolla-tube. — 
,/. 1 1. Baker. • 



Pift. 1 iiml 'J, hrartR; 8, * complete Bower, boih lift' si:r- h 4 and 5, fertile 
itamen and style ; 6, seotion of filament: 7, ovary ; 8, bection of ovary; 9, 
ovule : — All t'ltUinjcl. 



7364- 




KS.UUNFitah.Iith. 



Vmcani, Broolis r D3y-&S<mfmp. 



L "Reeve 4. C <> Londoa. 



Tab. 7364. 
COLOCASIA ANTiQuoRuar. 

Native of India. 

Nat. Ord. Aboide-e. — Tribe Colocasie^b. 
Grenns Cou>casia, Schott ; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 974; 



Colocasia antiquorum ; caulebasi tuberoso stolones elongatos tnberiferos emit- 
tente, foliia erectis amplis longe petiolatia peltatis ovato-cordatis sinu 
rotundato v. triangulari, lobo antico latitudine paullo longiore acuto, 
posticis antico duplo brevioribus obtusis, nervis lateralibus utrinque 4-7, 
pedunculis pluribns petiolo brevoribus, spathse tubo oblongo viridi lamina 
lineari-larjceolata flavida 3-5-plo breviore, inflorescentia foeminea sterili 
aequilonga, mascula fertili duplo longiore, appendice brevi. 

C. antiquorum, Schott Meletem. vol. i. p. 18 ; Syn. Avoid, p. 40 ; Prodr. p. 48. 
Kunth Enum. PI. vol. iii. p. 372. Engler Monogr. Arac. p. 491. Benth. 
Fl. Austral, vol. vii. p. 155. Sook.f. Fl. Brit. 2nd. vol. vi. p. 523. 

C. esculenta and C. acris, Schott Meletem. p. 18. Kunth I. c. 

C. himalensis, Boyle III. Bot. Himal. 407 (nomenj. Gard. Ghron. 1893, vol. ii. 
p. 372. 

C. nymphseifolia, Kunth I. c. 

C. Fontanesii, Schott in (Estr. Bot. Wochenbl. iv. (1854), p. 409. 

C. pruinipes, Koch & Bouche Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1854), App. p. 4. 

C. euchlora, C. Koch & Bind. 1. c. App. 

Caladium esculeutum, Vent. Hort. Cels. subt. 30. Willd. Sp. PI. vol. iv. p. 489. 

C. colocasioides, Brongn. in Nouv. Ann. Mits. Paris, vol. iii. p. 156. Kunth I. c. 

C. acre, Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Eoll. p. 336. 

C. nymphaaifolium, Tent. I. c. Griff. Notul. PI. Asiat. vol. iii. p. 144; Icon. 
t. 161, B, f. 2. 

C. violaceum, Hort. ex Engl, in DC. Monog. Phan. vol. ii. p. 492. 

C. aquatile and 0. vicorum, Humph. Amboin. vol. v. t. 110, f. 1, and p. 318. 

Alocasia Dussii, Hort. Dammann. 

A. illustris, Bull. Gat. (1873), p. 4. Floral Mag. (1874), p. 107 (folium). 

Arum Colocasia, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 965. Roxb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 494. 
Wight. Ic. Plant. Ind. Or. t. 786, £. 1. Gatesby Hist. Carolina, Vol. ii. 
t. 45. 

A esculentum, Linn. I. c. Shane Hist. Jamaica, vol. i. t. 106. Forst- 
Prodr. Fl. Ind. Austr. n. 328 & PL Excul. p. 27. 

A. nympbaeifolium, Roxb. I. c. 495. Wight. I. c. f. 2. 

A. peltatum, Lam. Encycl. vol. iii. p. 13. 

A. colocasioides, Desfont. Cat. Hort. Paris, Ed. 3. vol. vii. p. 7 & 385. 

A. aegypticum, Rumph. Amboin. vol. v. t. 109, 110, f. i. 

Weli-ila & Sar Kucboo, Rheede Hort. Malab. vol. xi. t. 22. 



It is singular that, in so far as I can ascertain, there is 
no good figure of this, one of the most widely cultivated 

July 1st, 181>t. 



tropical esculent plants to be found in any modern work 
that has appeared in the British Isles ; nor indeed in the 
British Empire, except in Wight's Icones, published in the 
Madras Presidency more than fifty years ago. There are 
several rude representations of it in works of last century, 
as that in Rheede's " Hortus Malabaricus," dating 1703, 
when Malabar was under Dutch rule; in Sloane's 
" History of Jamaica " (1725) ; in Oatesby's " History of 
Carolina" (1743), and in Rumphius Herbarium Amboin- 
ense, 1747. 

Golocasia antiquorum is best known to English-speaking 
people as the "Kuchoo" of India, the " Tarro " or 
"Taro" of the Pacific Islands, "Kandalla" of Ceylon, 
and " Eddoes" of tropical Africa. It is unquestionably a 
native of India, as is vouched by its Sanscrit name 
(Kuchoo) as given by Roxburgh, who states that two 
varieties are cultivated in the neighbourhood of Calcutta, 
and that three wild forms are found in most parts of India. 
These varieties are (1) the " Kala (dark) Kuchoo " (Cala- 
dium aquatile, Rumph., of which the roots never swell, 
but the leaves and footstalks are eaten by Bengalis. It 
frequents wet places. (2) " Char Kuchoo " grows in dry 
ground, dunghills, &c, with dark purple or bluish-black 
clouds in the disk of the leaf. This is probably the Alo- 
casia Ulusbm cited above ; and (3) the " Bun Kuchoo " 
{Caladium vicorum, Rumph.) grows like the last in dry 
ground, but has uniformly green leaves, and like it is 
rarely eaten. Besides these there is the " Sar Kuchoo " 
(Caladium nymphseifolium, RoxK—Rheede, vol. xi. t. 22), 
which Roxburgh distinguishes as a distinct species, from 
its larger size, the roots often growing to the thickness of 
a man's arm, the peduncle, petioles and leaves of a reddish 
colour, the leaves narrower in proportion, and the short 
appendix of the spadix. No doubt it is a large aquatic 
variety of C. antiquorum, and is so regarded by most Indian 
botanists. It is rarely cultivated in Bengal, but abounds 
wild in watery places ; every part of it is eaten by the 
Hindoos. 

According to de Candolle ("Origine des Plantes Culti- 
vees, p. 59) the Golocasia was first known in Europe 
through its haying been cultivated in Egypt, though pro- 
bably comparatively recently, as it does not appear on any 



of the monuments of that country. Pliny mentions it as 
Arum JEgypticum. Prosper Alpinus ("Hist. iEgypt. 
Naturel "), who saw it in cultivation in Egypt in the 16th 
century, says that its name there is the Arabic one of 
Culcas, in which De Candolle recognizes an analogy with 
the Sanscrit one, Koutschoir ; which he thinks renders 
it probable that it was introduced into Egypt from India 
or Ceylon. Clusius mentions it as cultivated in Portugal, 
under the name of Alcoleaz, and as having been introduced, 
from Africa. In Italy it is naturalized and called Aro di 
Egitto. Finally, the name Colocasia was, according to De 
Candolle, a Greek one, and applied to the Nelumbiwrn* 
under which Dioscorides speaks of it; adding that it 
was transferred to this Aroid by modern writers. 

The part of C. antiquorum chiefly used is the tuberous 
base of the stem, which is long and white, weighing from 
a quarter of a pound to eighty pounds ; but all parts are 
utilized, after being well boiled to separate the acrid matter 
common to most Aroids. Its area of cultivation extends 
from S. Europe, where it is infrequent, all over tropical 
Africa and Asia, to Japan, Australia, the hotter parts of 
New Zealand, and Polynesia. In the Himalaya it forms an 
important article of food, and is productive up to 7500 ft. 
elevation. 

Tubers of the specimen here figured were received at the 
Royal Gardens from Messrs. Dammann and Co., Nursery- 
men, of Naples, in the spring of 1893, under the name of 
Alocasia Dussii ; they flowered in the Aroid House (No. 1) 
in May, 1893.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Spadix of the natural size ; 2, stamens ; 3, ovary ; 4, vertical, and 5, 
transverse section of the same ; 6, ovules -.—All enlarged ; 7, reduced view of 
whole plant. 



7365 




M.SdeUN.RtchIiik 



^Sncarvt Brooks I) ny&SanTmp 



Tab. 7365. 
^SCHYNANTHUS Hildebrandii. 

Native of Burma. 



Nat. Ord. Gesnerace^.— Tribe Cyrtandre,e. 
Genus ,Eschynanthcs, Jack.; (Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1013). 

JSschynanthcjs (Haplotrichium) Hildebrandii ; humilis, casspitosus, ramulis e 
caule repente ramoso ascendentibua foliosis puberulis, folns polhcanbus 
breviter petiolatis oppositis supremis confertis carnosis ovatis v. obovato- 
oblongis obtusis marginibus ciliolatia et remote glanduloso-punctatis 
titrinque hirtulis subtua albescentibus, pedunculia in axillis snpremis 
brevibus, calycia segmentis subaaqualibua corolla multoties brevioribns 
ovato-lanceolatis acutis, corolla3 pollicaris aureo-coccinese glanduloso- 
pubescentis tubo lente curvo compresso superne inflato bilabiato basi intus 
papilloso, labio superiore galeato breviter obtuse 3-lobo, infenore linean 
obtuso, filamentis longe exsertis styloque glanduloso-pubescentibus, disco 
cylindrico, ovario glaberrimo. 

M. Hildebrandii, Hemsl. in Herb. Kew. 



A very distinct species of a genus that is abundant in 
the moister forest-clad districts of British India, in the 
eastern provinces especially, extending from the Central 
Himalaya to Burma, and southwards to Ceylon and Singa- 
pore About twenty-five Indian species are known, a 
number which will no doubt be considerably increased 
when the eastern province of Burma shall have been ex- 
plored botanically. M. Hildebrandii belongs to the section 
Haplotrichium, in which the seeds have one long hair at 
each extremity. Specifically it is nearest to M. gracilis, 
Parish (a hirsute, pendulous, widely distributed species, 
from Sikkim to Burma), in the form of the corolla, but it 
differs totally in habit, and in the absence of long hairs on 
the stem, leaves, and flowers, which are replaced by a 
short glandular-pubescence. 

M Hildebrandii is a native of Burma, whence living 
plants were sent to the Royal Gardens by H. H. Hildebrand, 
Esq., who found the plant near Fort Stedman. 

Descr.—A dwarf, leafy species. Stems loosely tutted 
creeping, subterrestrial, about as thick as a crowquill, and 

July 1st, 1894. 



covered with black-brown bark ; branches suberect, two to 
four inches high, green, puberulous, leafy. Leaves rather 
crowded, opposite and alternate, about an inch long, 
rather fleshy, ovate, subacute, narrowed into a very short 
petiole, minutely hairy on both surfaces, bright green 
above, silvery beneath ; margins reddish, ciliolate, and 
bearing distant minute circular glands. Flowers few, from 
the upper leaf axils ; peduncles shorter than the leaves, 
and as well as the calyx and corolla, filaments, and style, 
glandular-hairy. Calyx very small, 4-partite, segments 
ovate-lanceolate. Corolla about an inch long, orange- 
scarlet, laterally compressed, curved ; tube narrow for 
half its length, then dilated into a hooded deeply 2-lipped 
limb; upper lip 4-toothed, teeth rounded, lateral largest, 
and margins recurved, intermediate connate below ; lower 
lip linear, obtuse, recurved. Stamens exserted for nearly 
half their length, filaments purple; anthers oblong, 
glabrous; staminode minute. Dish cylindric, glabrous, 
mouth crenulate. Ovary narrow, quite glabrous ; style 
exserted, as long as the stamens, stigma minute. Capsule 
2^ in. long, very slender. Seeds with the hairs half an 
inch long. — J. D. H. 



Fig 1, Portion of margin of leaf; 2, segments of calyx, disk and ovary; 
.5, corolla laid open and stamens ; 4 and 5, anthers -.—All enlarged. 



7366* 




•MS.daU.ir Rick lith. 



VmcentBrooks J) ay A. SonI 



Tab. 7366. 
SPATHOGLOTTIS geacilis. 
Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Orel. Oechideje. — Tribe Dejjdrobie^e. 
Genus SpaXHOGLottis, Blume% (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 571.) 



Spathoglottis gracilis ; elata, pseudobulbis veatigiia foliorum vestitis, foliia 
2-3-pedalibus lineari-lanceolatis, scapo gracili apice ilorifero, bracteia 
cymbiformibus obtusis herbaceis, floribus amplis, sepalia petalisque con- 
similibua late oblongis obtuais utrinque aureis dorso rubro atriatis, 
labello aepalis multo minore, lobis lateralibua erectia incurvis sub- 
apathulato-oblongis apice rotundato-truncatia intus aanguineo aaperais, 
lobo intermedio angusto basin versus auriculis 2 triangularibus pilosis 
deflexis inatructo apice dilatato obcordato. 

S. gracilis,. Rolfe in Herb. Kew. 



Spathoglottis gracilis belongs to a small group of species, 
of which the type, if the first described member of it may 
be so considered, is the Malayan (Mount Ophir) S. aurea, 
Lindl. (in Paxt. Fl. Garden, vol. i. p. 16, and Joiirn, Hurt. 
Soc. vol. v. p. 34). The other members of the group are 
three, S. Kimballiana, Hort. Sander, and S. Wrayi (Fl. 
Brit. hid. vol. v. p. 813, and Hoolc, Ic. PI. t. 2086). Of 
these S. aurea has the middle of the lip very narrow, 
moderately dilated at the tip, and ending in a narrow or 
dilated acute point, and the side lobes are long and 
narrow; it inhabits Borneo and the Philippine Islds., as 
well as Mount Ophir. 8. Kimballiana is a larger plant 
than gracilis, with larger flowers; the sepals are pale 
brown dorsally, and the midlobe of the lip is much broader 
and obovate-spathulate ; it is well figured in the Gardener's 
Chronicle for 1888, vol. ii. p. 93, fig. 9 (repeated in 
" Veitch's Manual of Orchids," pt. vi. p. 6), and described 
by Reichenbach as a variety of aurea. Lastly, S. Wrayi, a 
native of Perak, in the Malayan Peninsula, has the large 
flowers of S. Kimballiana, short side lobes of the lip, its 
auricles at the base of the side lobes are glabrous, and the 
middle of the lip is narrowly spathulate. Considering the 
characters of the above three plants, it may well be 

July 1st, 1881. 



doubted whether they are not varieties of one ; and all the 
more from the fact of S. gracile andKimballiaua having been 
received from Borneo in the same clump by Messrs. Sander. 
To decide this point a comparison of living specimens of all 
from various localities is wanted, and the amount of dilata- 
tion of the midlobe and side lobes of the lip must be studied ; 
meanwhile I have provisionally adopted Mr. Rolfe's con- 
viction that they will prove very distinct species, and I 
have adopted his name for that here figured. 

I am indebted to Messrs. Sander for flowers of both 
gracilis and Kimballiana, which they received from Borneo 
through their collector, Mr. Forstermann. The figure of 
the former species was from a specimen which they com- 
municated to the Royal Gardens, and which flowered there 
in February last. 

Descr.—Stem a pseudobulb, as thick as the thumb, 
clothed with the remains of old leaf-sheaths, and sending 
out roots thicker than a duck's quill. Leaves 2-3 ft. long, 
lanceolate, acuminate, plaited, narrowed into a rigid elon- 
gate petiole. Peduncle as long as the leaves, or longer, 
stout, erect, with a few cymbiform obtuse sheaths ; raceme 
short ; bracts boat-shaped, green, coriaceous, tip rounded ; 
flowers few, two and a half in. diam., bright yellow. Sepals 
broadly oblong, tip rounded, dorsally keeled and streaked 
with red. Petals rather larger, obovate-oblong. Lip 
shorter than the sepals, 3-lobed, hairy towards the base ; 
lateral lobes incurved, obliquely spathulate-oblong, spotted 
with red below the middle, tip truncate or rounded ; disk 
with two erect dimidiate-ovate, and two small conical de- 
curved auricles ; midlobe very narrow, fleshy, with a short 

W^ T° i f the baSe 0n each s^e, and a dilated 
broadly obcordate tip.— J. J). H. 

AU?nI^r iih ° ne 8ldel ° be remo ^ 2, column; 3, anther; 4, pollinia:- 



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Tab. 7367. 
LEPTACTINA Mannii. 

Native of Tropical West Africa. 

Nat. Ord. BuBiACEiE. — Tribe Gaedenie^. 
Genus Leptactina, Hook. f. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 85.) 



Leptactina, Mannii ; frutex 12-pedalis, ramosus, fere glaberrimus, ramulis 
crassis, foliis 5-8 poll. longis oblongis obovato-oblongisve obtusis basi 
in petiolum brevem alatum angastatis, nervis utrinque ad 9 patentibus, 
stipulis amplis ramo latioribus oblongo-rotundatis recnrvis quasi inflatis 
persistentibus, floribns magnis in fasciculos terminales inter folia summa 
congestis sessilibus, calycis tubo brevi pnberulo 10-costato, lobis amplis 
erectis lineari-oblongis obtusis herbaceis ciliolatis, corollse tubo 4-pollicari 
angusto tereti, fauce vix dilatato intus sericeo, lobis 5 2s-polLicaribus 
anguste lanceolatis apice obtusis patenti-recurvis albi3, stylo superne 
hirsuto, ramis cylindraceis. 

L. Mannii, Hoolc.f. in Hook. Ic. PI. vol. vi. (1871), p. 73, tab. 1092. Hiern, 
in Oliv. Fl. Trop. Afr. vol. iii. p. 88. 



The genus Leptactina was established by myself when 
preparing the Rubiacese for the " Genera Plantarum," upon 
four tropical West African plants, and was published in the 
" Icones Plantarum " cited above. To these two other 
species have been added, also from tropical Africa, namely 
L. heinsioides, Hiern, (in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Africa, vol. iii. 
p. 88), and L. tetraloba, N.E. Br. in Gard. Chron. (1885), 
vol. ii. p. 391. The genus is a near ally of Gardenia and 
Bandia, differing from both in the terminal inflorescence, 
and from the first named in the 2-celled ovary and folia- 
ceous calyxlobes. 

Leptactina Mannii was discovered by Gustav Mann, Esq. 
(late Inspector of Forests in Assam), when on a misson 
under the Eoyal Gardens, Kew, to investigate the timber 
resources of Western tropical Africa in 1862. He found 
it on the banks of the Kongue or Gaboon river, in lat. 
1° N. The specimen figured is that of a plant sent to 
the Royal Gardens, Kew, from the Jardin des Plantes in 
December, 1893, by Prof. Maxim Cornu, which flowered 
August 1st, 1894. 



in a stove in September of the following year, when about 
four feet high. 

Descr. — A branching shrub, about 6 ft. high, with 
stout glabrous branches, and green, terete branchlets, as 
thick as a swan's-quill. Leaves 5-8 inches long, t 
uppermost part as large as the lower, oblong, or obovate 
oblong, obtuse, narrowed into a short, broad petiole, dark 
green above, with about nine nerves on each side of the 
midrib, paler beneath. Stipules large, broader than the 
branch, very broadly obovate, convex, and being reflexed 
from below the middle appear as green globose bodies 
between the insertions of the leaves. Flowers crowded in 
clusters between the uppermost pairs of leaves, sessile. 
Calyx tube^ of an inch long, obconical, deeply 10-grooved, 
with rounded ribs, puberulous, green ; segments 1-1J in. 
long, linear-oblong, obtuse, erect, bright green, indis- 
tinctly nerved, margins ciliolate. Dish tumid, girt with a 
ring of conical glands. Corolla white ; tube four inches 
long, slender, terete, throat hardly dilated, silky within ; 
lobes five and a half inches long, elongate-lanceolate, 
with obtuse tips, spreading and recurved. Anthers linear, 
sessile in the throat of the corolla, dorsally inserted, 
connective shortly produced, obtuse. Style very long, 
hirsute in the upper part within the throat; stigmatic 
arm cylindric, hairy. Ovary 2-celled, cells many-ovuled. 
—J.D.H. J 



Fig. 1, Calyx with two sepals removed, showing the disk and ring of 
ep.gynous glands; 2, throat of corolla with bases of lobes laid on en showing 

ollZ^-AU^ed^ ° f Style and StigmatiC armS "' 4 ' trans ™ rse secti0Q 



7368 




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Tab. 7368. 
NEUWIEDIA Lindleyi. 

Native of the Malayan Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. OuchidejE. — Tribe Apostasies. 
Genus Neuwiedia, Blume ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 635). 



Neuwiedia Lindleyi; elata, foliis lineari-lanceolatis oblanceolatisve acumi- 
natis, scapo 2-3-pedali, racemo elongato puberulo dense rnultifloro, 
bracteis lineari-lanceolatis flores subsequantibus inembranaceis erectis et 
recurvis. 

N. Lindleyi, Bolfe in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxv. p. 232, 241, t. 48, f. 10-12. 
SooJc.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 175. 



The singular Malayan genus Neuwiedia is here for the 
first time figured from a living specimen. It was founded 
by Blume in 1834 on a Javan plant (N. veratrifolia) of 
which only two specimens were seen, a flowering and a 
fruiting, and of which the descriptions (his own, and a 
later by Reichenbach) are very incomplete, and are in- 
sufficient to distinguish it from some later described 
species. The genus comprises five more or less imper- 
fectly distinguished species, namely JV. Zollingeri of Java 
and N. Griffithii of Malacca, both of Beichenbach, 
N. calanthoides, Ridley, from New Guinea, JV. Gurtisii, 
Rolfe, of Penang and Sumatra, and the subject of the 
accompanying plate. The tribe to which it belongs, 
Apostasiex, has been the subject of an elaborate memoir 
by Mr. Kolfe, in the Journal of the Linnaean Society, cited 
above. In it Mr. Rolfe rightly separates the Apostasies 
from Cypripediese, with which they are united in the 
" Genera Plantarum," and the above enumerated species 
are all described. 

iV. Lindleyi was received at the Royal Gardens, Kew, 
in July, 1887, from Mr. Ridley, F.L.S., Superintendent 
of the Singapore Gardens, and (as Mr. Watson informs 
me) developed its flowers very slowly in midwinter, 1893-4. 

August 1m, i 



N. Oriffithii is also in cultivation at Kew, and will, I hope, 
appear in this work in due course, when it flowers. 

Descr. — A tall, stout, erect herb, 3-4 feet high. Stem 
as thick as the thumb at the base, emitting very stout 
cylindric roots. Leaves numerous towards the base of the 
stem, 12-16 in. long, and 2 inches broad, narrowly lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, plicate. Scape about a foot high, 
terete, green, loosely clothed with narrowly lanceolate 
acuminate membranous green bracts tipped with brown, 
the lower 3 inches long, the upper passing into floral 
bracts. Raceme 6-12 inches long, dense-flowered ; bracts 
like the cauline, but smaller, rather shorter than the 
flowers, and as well as these puberulous. Floivers very 
shortly pedicelled ; ovary oblong, obtusely trigonous, 
shortly stoutly beaked ; perianth an inch long, decurved, 
subcylmdric, golden yellow. Sepals linear-oblong, con- 
cave, tip rounded and mucronate. Petals rather broader 
than the sepals, dorsaliy keeled, keel rounded and exserted 
irom the rounded tip of the petal as a green mucro like 
that of the sepals. Lip like the petals, mucronate below 
the concave tip, and with a thick rounded, fleshy callus, 
which occupies nearly all its inner surface from the base 
to the apex. Filaments 3, subequal, stout, united for 
more than half their length with the style in a terete 
column Anthers large, subequal, linear- oblong. Style 
rather shorter than the stamens; stigma globose, 3-lobed. 
Ovary 3-celled.— /. D.H. 



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Tab. 7369. 
DERMATOBOTRYS Saundeesii. 

Native of Natal and Zululand. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulaeine.e. — Tribe ChelonejE? 
Genus Dermatobotrys, Bolus in Hook. Ic. Plant. 1 1940. 



Dermatobotrys Saundersii ; fruticulus glaber, ramis crassiusculis sub- 
tetragonis, foliis ad apices ramulorum paucis oppositis subsessilibus 
ovatis acutis repando-dentatis carnosulis, floribus infra folia subverticil- 
latim dispositis breviter pedicellatis, bractea parva, calyce parvo 5-partito 
segmentis linearibns, corolla tubulosa bipollicari a basi angusta sursum 
sensim dilatata, fauce aperta, tubo basi intus piloso, lobis 5 parvis 
patentibus ovatis, antheris 5 ore tubi subsessilibus ellipticis, disco 
inconspicuo, ovario 2-loculari multiovulato, ovulis placentis septo affixis 
confertis, Btylo filiformi, stigmate simplici^ bacca ovoidea, seminibus 
numerosis placentis septo adnatis immersis, testa serobicnlata, em- 
bryone in albumine corneo recto. 

D. Saundersii, Bolus, I. c. Rath. Saunders in Kew Bulletin, 1893, p. 367. 



Dermatobotrys is a very singular monotypic genus, as to 
which, though its floral and seminal characters have been 
clearly made out, the position in the natural system of 
plants is not quite definitely established. Mr. Bolus, its 
author, referred it with little hesitation to Solanaceas ; and 
both in habit and certain characters, as the regular 
quinquefid corolla, with five equal stamens at its mouth, 
it recalls the tribe Cestrineas of that Order, whilst 
it resembles no known Scrophularineous plant. On the 
other hand, in a note appended to M. Bolus's description, 
Professor Oliver cites the more or less quadrangular stem, 
bilabiate aestivation of the corolla and straight embryo 
as characters foreign to Solanaceas, and in favour of 
Scrophularineae. Under this view Professor Oliver refers 
Dermatobotrys doubtfully to the tribe Ghelonem of the 
latter order ; where its position would be near to the Cape 
genus Phygelias (see tab. 4881) which has scarlet flowers, 
a long incurved corolla tube with 5 subequal lobes, but 
which differs in having 4 didynamous stamens, capsular 
fruit, and other discrepant characters. 

Dermatobotrys was first collected, but in a fruiting 

August 1st, 1894. 



state only in Natal, by the collector Gerrard, about twenty 
years ago, and more lately by Mr. J. Medley Wood, the 
energetic Curator of the Natal Botanical Gardens, who 
describes it as having a tendency to fix itself on dead trees. 
Mr. Bolus's description and figures are from fresh specimens 
and a drawing sent to him by Mrs. Katherine Saunders 
from Eshowe in Zululand. To this latter invaluable 
correspondent the Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted for 
seeds, from which a large number of plants were raised in 
1892, and which flowered in December, 1893 ; as also for 
living plants, with the observation that the shrub is 
epiphytic, growing normally on trees, though also on the 
ground^ Mr. Watson informs me that at Kew the leaves 
are deciduous in autumn, the plant starting into new 
growth, and flowering in winter. 

Descr.— An epiphytic small shrub, with a long naked 
stem as thick as the wrist in old plants, and stout, sub- 
quadrangular naked brown branches, bearing short, termi- 
nal leafy shoots. Leaves 2-6 in. long, rather fleshy, ovate 
or oblong, subacute, coarsely toothed, base narrowed into 
a short petiole, young, and often the nerves and margins of 
the old red. Flowers in clusters below the leaves ; pedicels 
very short, spreading, and puberulous. Flowers 2 inches 
long, drooping. Calyx very small, 5-partite, persistent, 
puberulous, green; segments linear, puberulous. Corolla 
tubular, trumpet- shaped, pale red, tube gradually dilated 
trom a slender base to the naked throat, hairv at the base 
withm ; lobes 5, short, ovate, spreading, yellow within. 
Anthers 5, sessile at the mouth of the corolla-tube, broadly 
oblong Ovary ovoid, confluent with the disk, glabrous, 
^-celled ; ovules many, on spongy axile placentas ; style 
very slender, stigma simple. Fruit an ovoid green, 
^-celled, many-seeded, green drupe nearly an inch long, 
tip rounded, apiculate by the style-base.— J. D. H. 



*™££n%^hf^™ W 3,-aryanddisk; 4, trans- 



Tab. 7370. 

VERONICA AMPLEXICAULIS. 

Native of New Zealand. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulabine*:.— Tribe Digitaleje. 
Genus Veronica, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 964) 

Vebonica (Hebe) amplexicaulis ; fruticulus erectus, r ^ i % 8Ubr ±^hn<,°^ e 
atro, foliis decussatim oppositis quadnfanam j^" ^ 1 ^ 6 . 881 ^^ ^ g 
ceis late oblongis concavis utrinque rotundatis v. basi subcordatis 
glaucis enerviis et ecarinatis, pedunculis axillanbus folna longioritras 
robustis pubescentibus spicaa 1 v. 3 breves multi-densinoras g^entibus, 
floribus oppositis parvis albis, bracteis oblongis obtusis ciliatis calycem 
stantibus, sepalis lineari-oblongis obtusia cihatia, corolla tubo calyce 
incluso, limbi lobo dorsali erecto ovato-oblongo obtuso, ceteris decurvia 
linear! oblongis obtusis, filamentis longe exsertis, anthens cceruleis, ovano 
apice hirtello. 

V. amplexicaulis, Armstrong in Trans. N. Zeald. Institute, vol. xiii. (1880), 
p. 352. 

The subject of this plate is another of the hardy New 
Zealand evergreen shrubby Speedwells. Its nearest ally 
is V. pinguifolia, Hook, f., from which it differs in the 
much larger, broader leaves, which are rounded or sub- 
cordate at the base. It appears to be a very local plant, 
there being no recorded locality for it but the Alps ot the 
Canterbury Province, where it was discovered by its de- 
scribe^ Mr. Armstrong, and from whence dried specimens 
were sent to Kew in 1887 by Mrs. Hetley. The specimen 
figured was kindly sent bv Dr. Balfour, from the Edinburgh 
Botanical Gardens in June, 1893, and the capsule in 
August of the same year. The species has been in cultiva- 
tion there and at Kew and elsewhere for a good many 
years, flowering annually in June, and is like its New 
Zealand dwarf fruiticose allies, perfectly hardy. 

D escr . — An erect or decumbent shrub, 1-2 ft. high, 
branching from the base; branches about as thick as a 
crow-quill, bark nearly black, branchlets green, puberulous. 
Leaves f-1 in. long, sessile, quadrifariously imbricate, 
elliptic-oblong, rounded at both ends, or base cordate, 
concave, very coriaceous, glaucous, nerveless, and not 

August 1st, 1894. 



keeled, margins quite smooth. Flowers about J in. diam., 
sessile, in short, dense-fld. conical, solitary or ternate 
spikes ; peduncle, axillary stout, pubescent, longer than 
the leaves, simple or forked, bibracteate at the fork, 
and bearing three spikes. Bracts as long as the calyx, 
coriaceous, oblong, concave, ciliate. Sepals linear-oblong, 
obtuse, ciliate. Corolla-tube very short, included in the 
calyx-tube, spreading, posticous lobe broadest, concave, 
erect, the other three linear-oblong, obtuse, decurved. 
Stamens exserted, anthers blue. Ovary 4-lobed, tops of 
lobes hispid. Capsule rather longer than the sepals, 
oblong, 4-lobed. — /. D. E. 



Fig. 1, Portion of spike ; 2, calyx ; 3, atamen ; 4, disk and ovary ; 5, capsule : 
-All enlarged. 



7d71 




tAlrth 



Vincent BrooltEDay-& Son 



L Reeve &. C ? London 



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Tab. 7371. 
DENDROBIUM atroviolaceum. 

Native of New Guinea. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Tribe DendrobievE. 
Genus Dendrobium, Sw. ; {Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 498.) 



Dendrobium (Stachyobium) atro-violaceum ; pseudobulbis fusiformibus sessili- 
bus sulcatis demum stipitatis 2-foliis, foliis oblongis obtusis crasse coria- 
ceis supra lsete viridibus subtus pallidis nervis 5-7 viridibus percursis, 
pedunculo multifloro, floribus amplis, sepalis petalisque subtortis margini- 
bus recurvis primulinis purpureo-maculatis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis 
subacutis, petalis obovato-oblongis acutis ob margines infra medium 
revolutas quasi spatbulatis, labelli lobis lateralibus amplis auric alas formi- 
bus violaceis albo striatis, intermedio cordiformi obtuso recurvo, disco 
postice violaceo albo striato bilamellato. 

D. atro-violaceum, Bolfe in Gard. Ghron. 1890, vol. i. p. 512. 



Of all Dendrobes known to me I cannot recall amongst 
recent discoveries one so strikingly unlike its congeners in 
coloration, and at the same time so beautiful in this 
respect, as D. atroviolaceum. As Mr. Rolfe observes in 
his description of it, cited above, its nearest ally is 
D. macrofliyllum, A. Rich. (Tab. 5649) a noble species, 
with broad leaves, over a foot long, and hairy inflorescence. 
Technically, both belong to the section Stachyobium, of 
Dendrobium, and to the rather heterogeneous subsection 
of Speciosse ; but whether or no they may be included in 
the latter, they with a few other far Eastern species form 
a small group distinguished by the long clavate stem or 
pseudobulb, with two, rarely three terminal coriaceous 
leaves, and a terminal raceme of flowers, with a deeply 
3-lobed lip. The group includes species with hairy and 
with glabrous inflorescence. Of the hairy flowered are 
the original J). macrophyllum t which ranges from Java to 
the Philippines and New Guinea ; and D. Gordoni, Home 
(Journ. Linn. Soc. xx. 372), from the Fiji Islands ; and of 
the glabrous-flowered are I), atro-violaceum, D . chloropterum, 
Reichb. f. & S. Moore (in Trim. Jmirn. Bot. 1878, 137, t. 
196) from New Guinea, and D. trigrinum, Rolfe (Annals of 
Botany, vol. v. p. 507) from the Solomon Islands. In Veitch's 

August 1st, 1894. 



Manual (Dendrob. p. 60) D. macrophyllum is referred to 
the sub-section Galostachyse of sect. Eudendrobiivm, which 
is, I think, an error. 

D. atroviolaceum was introduced from New Guinea in 
1890 ; and the specimen here figured was received from 
F. Wigan, Esq., of Clare Lawn, East Sheen, in December 
of last year. 

Descr. — Pseudobulbs tufted, 8-12 inches long, fusiform, 
deeply channelled, young smaller, green, sessile ; older 
raised on an inclined 2-5-jointed stipes, yellow brown, with 
an oblong, obtuse, basal sheath. Leaves two, terminal on 
the pseudobulb, 3-5 inches long, spreading, sessile, oblong, 
obtuse, convex, very coriaceous, dark green above, very 
pale -almost silvery beneath, with green parallel nerves. 
Peduncle from between the leaves, erect ; green, with few 
distant, closely appressed sheaths. Raceme many-fid., in- 
clined ; bracts small, pale, i in. long, sheathing the 
pedicel, which, together with the slender ovary, is an inch 
long. Flowers many, 3 inches in diameter. Sepals and 
petals primrose yellow on both surfaces, with claret-colrd. 
spots, more or less twisted, and with recurved margins, 
sepals ovate, subacute ; petals oblong, acute, but appearing 
spathulate, the margins being revolute for the lower two- 
thirds of their length. Mentum short, incurved. Lip 
about as long as the sepals, 3-lobed, lateral lobes ear- or 
tan-shaped, erect, with strongly recurved margins ; disk 
violet, striped with white, 2-lamellate between the lobes ; 
mid-lobe heart-shaped, strongly recurved, basal half 
dark violet, streaked with white, terminal half yellow, 
spotted like the petals. Column very short ; anther 
depressed; pollima bipartite, seated on a rather large 
gland.— J. D. H. 

3 l anihlr L F ^ °^f- lateral J°be removed; 2, column and base of lip; 
J , anther ; 4 and 5, pollima :— All enlarged. 



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Tab. 7372. 
salvia macbostaohya. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate.— Tribe Monabde^e. 
Genus Salvia, Linn. ; (Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1194. 



Salvia (Calospbace) macrostachya ; fruticosa, elata, hirsuto-tomentosa, foliis 
petiolatis ovato-roundatis acutia crenatis basi profunde cordatis auriculis 
rotundatis imbricatis utrinque pubescenti-villosis, floralibus late ovatis 
herbaceis calycem superantibus glanduloso-villosis persistentibus, petiolo 
3-5-poIIicari, spicis densis, rachi robusto, verticillastris imbricatis multi- 
floris, floribus sexsilibus, calyce paullo recurvo tubuloso glanduloso-piloso, 
labio snperiore brevi ovato integro dentibusque labii inferioris acutis, 
corollas pallida ccerulse tubo calyce aaquilongo, labio superiore oblongo 
obtuso, inferiore longiore lobis lateralibus brevibus rotundatis, intermedio 
multo majore late obcordato, connectivi ramo postico longe exserto 
glabro quam antico lineari-oblongo duplo longiore, staminodiis 2 fili- 
formibus apice furcatis, disco crasso antice ia processum carnosum 
nuculas superantem producto. 

S. macrostachya, Kunth in Humb. Bonpl. & Kunth Nov. Gen. & Sp. PI. 
Amer. vol. ii. p. 298. Benth. Lab. Gen. & Sp. 273; et in DC. Prodr. vol. 
xii. p. 322 ; et Plant. Hartweg, p. 243. 



A stately Sage, discovered near Quito, the capital of 
Ecuador, by Humboldt, nearly a century ago, at an eleva- 
tion of 10,000 ft., and more recently found in New Grenada, 
near the city of Popayan, at about the same elevation. It 
has also been collected by Hartweg in the valley of Cuenca, 
a province of Ecuador, S.E. of Guyaquil, between 8000 
and 9000 ft. above the sea, whence probably the error of 
Tafalla, who is the authority for its being found near the 
hot, insalubrious town of Guyaquil itself, on the seacoast 
of Ecuador. 

The plant figured was raised from seed sent to the 
Eoyal Gardens, Kew, from the Botanical Gardens of 
Quito, in 1893, which attained six feet in height, flowered 
in a cool greenhouse in the month of March, and formed 
a very striking object. 

Descr. — Stem six feet and more high, shrubby below, 
erect, strict, branched, hirsute with soft spreading hairs, 
which are glandular on the inflorescence; branches stout, 

September 1st, 1894 



tetragonous. Leaves petioled, lower eight inches long and 
nearly as broad, orbicular-cordate with overlapping basal 
lobes, obtuse or acute, crenate, dark green, many nerved 
and reticulate, pubescent on both surfaces ; petiole three to 
five inches long, rather slender. Spike a foot or more long, 
sessile, robust, very many and dense-flowered ; whorls 
crowded, many-flowered ; floral bracts green, herbaceous, 
persistent, broadly ovate-cordate, two inches long, pale 
green, tips recurved. Flowers shortly pedicelled, pedicels 
calyx and corolla sparsely glandular hairy. Calyx nearly 
an inch long, broadly tubular, shortly 2-lipped, upper lip 
and teeth of the lower acute. Corolla pale blue ; tube 
liardly longer than the calyx, funnel-shaped, glabrous 
within ; limb one and a half inches across the upper and 
lower lips ; upper lip oblong, obtuse, erect ; side lobes of 
the lower short, rounded; mid-lobe large very broadly 
obcordate, deeply 2-lobed. Stamens far exserted, filaments 
short, included ; upper branch of the connective glabrous 
more than twice as long as the linear-oblong obtuse 
deflexed lower; anther-ceils linear-oblong; staminodes 
small, filiform, ascending, bifid at the tip. Disc very thick, 
fleshy, produced behind into an oblong obtuse column 
overtopping the oblong hairy, notched nutlets.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Calyx, style and flower-bud ; 2, tube of corolla laid open showing 
the stamens and stammodes ; 3 and 4, anthers j 5, disk and nutlets -.-All 
enlarged ; 6, reduced view of whole plant. 



737,3. 




M Sari, J N Pitch lith 



VincentBrool«s.Pay A Sunt 



Tab. 7373. 

RHODODENDRON Sohlippenbaohii. 

Native of Manchuria and Japan. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Tribe Rhodore^. 
Genus Rhododendron, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 599. 



Rhododendron (Azalea) Schlippenbachii ; fruticosa, ramulis robustis glandu- 
loso-setulosis, foliis ad apices ramulorum sessilibus subverticillatis 
patulis breviter petiolatia late obovatis subsinuato-lobatis apice obtusis 
rotundatis v. emarginatis submembranaceis ciliatis, supra pilosis pilis 
appressis caducis, subtus pallidis costa nervisque pilosis, floribus praecoci- 
bus v. subpraecocibus umbellatis, pedicellis calyce parum longioribus 
glanduloso-pilosis, sepalis £ poll, longis oblongis glanduloso- ciliatis, 
corolla rotato-infundibulari, tubo brevissimo limbi rosei lobis oyatis 3 
posticis maculatis.staminibus 10 declinatis superioribus sensim longioribus, 
filamentis basi puberulis, stylo basi glanduloso-piloso, capsula ovoidea 
Bcabrida 5-loculari, stigmate 5 lobo. 

R. Schlippenbachii, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Sc. Peter sb. vol. xv. (1871) 
p. 226 {Mel. Biol. vol. vii. p. 333), and in Mem. Acad. Sc. Petersb. vol. xvi. 
(1870) [Rhod. As. Or.) 29, t. ii. fig. 7-13). Franch. & Sav. Enum. PI. 
Japan, vol. i. p. 289. Hemsl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. xxvi. (1889) 30. Gard. 
Chron. 1894, vol. i. p. 462, fig. 58. 



B. 'Schlippenbachii was, according to its author, the 
lamented Maximovicz, discovered by Baron Schlippenbach 
amongst shrubs on the shores of Possjet Sound in Russian 
Manchuria. It is also a native of Korea and its Islands, 
where Oldham collected it on Herschel Island in 1863. 
It is in cultivation in the city of Jedo, Japan, where it was 
probably procured from Tsu-sima, and is called by the 
Japanese horticulturalists Kurofune tsutsusi. From the 
texture of the foliage it is referable to the Azalea group of 
the genus, amongst which it is the largest leaved. 

Descr. — A shrub about three to five feet high, densely 
or loosely branched and leafy. Branches smooth ; young 
branchlets setose with crisped glandular hairs. Leaves 
subquinately as it were whorled at the ends of the branch- 
lets, sessile, of a thin texture and (as in Azalea) produced 

September 1st, 1894. 



more or less after flowering, two to four inches long, 
obovate, narrowed into a very short petiole ; tip rounded, 
or truncate and emarginate with an apiculate gland in the 
sinus ; margins entire, obscurely undulate or sinuate and 
ciliate, very young tomentose beneath. Flowers produced 
before the leaves, umbellate; pedicels and calyces 
glandular-hairy. Calyx lobes about one-sixth of an inch 
long, broadly oblong or rounded, persistent. Corolla three 
inches in diameter, pale rose-coloured, tube none or very 
shortly infundibular; lobes broadly ovate, spreading, the 
throe upper speckled with red-brown towards the base. 
Stamens 10, filaments very slender, pubescent below ; 
anthers small. Ovary short, conical, obtuse, densely 
glandular, 5-celled ; style slender, glandular-pubescent 
below the middle; stigma small, truncate. Capsule two- 
thirds of an inch long, oblong, obtuse glandular. — J. 1). H. 



Fig. 1, Tip of young leaf ; 2, calyx and Btyle; 3 stamen; 4, ovary :-all 
enlarged; o, capsules, of the natural size. 



7374 




■JNFdchltfk 



"Vincent Brooks Day &SonIi 



1. Reeve & C° Loirdor 



Tab. 7374. 
FJRITILLARIA atjrea. 

Native of Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace,*;.— Tribe Tulips^:. 
Genus Fkitillaria, Linn.; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 817). 



Fkitillakia (Monocodon) aurea ; bulbo parvo squamis pancis craesis, caule 
spithanueo monocephalo, foliis 6-10 lanceolatis ascendentibus glaucescen- 
tibus infimis ssepissime oppositis reliquis alternis, perianthio cernuo 
breviter pedunculato late campanulato citrino intus minute tessellato, 
segmentia oblongis diu late imbricatis supra basin nectario orbiculari 
viridi profunde impresso preeditis, staminibus perianthio distincte brevi 
oribus antheris lineari-oblongis citrinis, stylo tnfurcato. 

F. aurea, Schott in (Ester. Bot. Wochenbl. (1854), vol. iv. p. 137; Walp. Ann. 
vol. vi. p. 106. Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 259 ; in Gard. Ohron. 
1876, p. 720. Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. v. p. 183. Kegel Gartenf. tab. 840, fig. 1. 
Bev. Hort. 1878, p. 287, with figure. Garden, July 23, 1892, with figure. 



This pretty little Fritillary is easily recognized by its 
dwarf habit and large drooping bright yellow flower, 
faintly tessellated inside. In bulb and stigmas it agrees 
with our indigenous F. Meleagris, but the nectary is 
orbicular instead of linear and is more deeply impressed. 
It was first found by Kotschy in the Cilician Taurus, from 
which locality we have, in the Kew herbarium, dried speci- 
mens collected by Mrs. A. E. Danford in 1876. In the 
same year it was brought into cultivation by Leichtlin, 
but it has been very little known till lately, when a good 
supply of bulbs has been sent to Kew and various cul- 
tivators by Mr. Whittall, of Smyrna. Our drawing was 
made from plants received from him which flowered in the 
Alpine House at Kew in March and April. The specimens 
show considerable variation in the size and tessellation of 
the flower. 

Descr. — Bulb small, with a few thick scales. Stem one- 
flowered, a span long. Leaves seven to ten, ascending, 
lanceolate, glaucescent, two or three inches long, the lowest 
pair usually opposite, the others alternate. Flower solitary, 
cernuous, shortly peduncled, cainpanulate, an inch and a 

ISeftembmi 1st, 1894. 



half in diameter, bright yellow, with small dark brown 
distant cross-bars between the vertical ribs ; segments 
oblong, obtuse, much imbricated, each furnished with a 
glistening orbicular deeply impressed nectary a short 
distance above the base, Stamens much shorter than the 
perianth ; anthers linear-oblong, pale yellow, about as long 
as the glabrous filaments. Style as long as the ovary, 
shortly three-cleft. — J". G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, front view of stamen ; 2, back view of stamens ; 3, pistil : — All 
enlarged. 







LReev« A CO T 



Tab. 7375. 

TROCHODENDRON aealioides, Sieb. $ Zncc. 

Native of Japan. 



Nat. Ord. Magnoliace^e. — Tribe Trochodendre,e. 
Genus TROCHODENDRON,iSieZ>. & Zucc; (Benth.&Hook.f.Oen.Plant.vo\.i.'p.9b4:.) 



Trochodendeon aralioides; frutex v. arbor parva, sempervirens, 8-16 pedalis, 
glaberrima, ramis teretibus cortice aromatico, ramulis robustis, gemmis 
perulatis, foliis spurie verticillatis longe petiolatis exstipulatis obovatis 
ovatis v. oblongo-ovatis rarius rhombeis longe obtuse acuminatis cuspi- 
datisve crenato-serratis coriaceis supra lucidis, floribus in racemos ter- 
minates erectos sessiles dispositis, rachi stricta, pedicellis 1-2-pollicaribus 
patentibus, bracteis linearibus caducis, bracteolis pedicello positis brevibus 
linearibus, calycis tubo pateIla)formi muriculato limbo integerrimo, 
corolla 0, staminibus perplurimis ore calycis uniseriatim verticillatis, 
filamentis gracilibus patenti-recurvis, antheris oblongis apiculatis, ovariis 
ad 10 verticillatis basibns calycis tubo immersis dorso gibbis, stylis 
brevibus crassis recurvis, stigmatibus oblongis sulcatis, ovulis numerosis 
angulo interiore insertis, carpellis maturis 2-valvibus, seminibus paucis 
pendulis linearibus. 

T. aralioides, Sieb. & Zucc. FL Jap. vol. i. p. 83, t. 39, 40. Miquel Ann. Mus. 
Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. (Prolus. FL. Japon) p. 258. Franch. & Sav. Enum. PI. 
Japan, vol. i. p. 19. Gard. Ghron. 1894, vol. i. p. 716, fig. 91. Seemann 
Journ. JBot. vol. ii. (1864), p. 237. Eichler in Flora, 1864, p. 449, et 1865, 
p. 12, et in Seem. Journ. Bot. vol. iii. (1865), p. 150. 

Gymnanthus paradoxus, Jungh. in Hoev. Sf de Vriese Tidschr. vol. vii. (1840), 
p. 308. 



A very singular plant, with the habit of an Aralioid and 
especially of some species of Heptapleurum, which induced 
Mr. Bentham (who had seen no specimens) when describing 
the Magnoliacex for the " Genera Plantarum " to suggest 
its belonging to that family. It had, however, been rightly 
placed in Macjnoliacese by Siebold and Zuecarini, though 
it does not belong to the tribe Winteracese to which these 
authors had referred it. As determined by Eichler, it forms 
along with the Japanese and Himalayan genus Euptelea, a 
distinct tribe of Magnoliacese, the Trochodendrese, distin- 
guished conspicuously by the absence of sepals and petals, 
and which ranks with some authors as a separate Order. 

T. aralioides is a native of moist alpine woods in the 
Islands of Yeso and Nippon, where it is found with species 

September 1st, 1894. 



of Camellia and Ilex, flowering in spring and ripening its 
fruit in summer. The bark and foliage are very aromatic. 
The specimen figured was sent to Kew by Messrs. Veitch, 
who flowered it at Combe Wood Nursery in April of the 
present year. The fruit represented is from a Herbarium 
specimen. 

A form with very different leaves, oblanceolate with 
long points, was separated under the name of T. longi- 
folium, and published by Maximovicz in the " Index 
Seminum Hort. Petrop. in 1805, p. 34," but it was sub- 
sequently reduced by the same author (Melanges Biolog. 
pt. viii. p. 371) to a variety of aralioides. 

Descr. — An evergreen, large shrub or small tree, twelve 
to sixteen feet high, glabrous all over, with rather stout 
stems ; bark aromatic ; branches terete, green with brown 
annular scars. Leaves three to four inches long, long- 
petioled, ovate or oblong-ovate, obtusely acuminate, cre- 
nate-serrate, coriaceous, bright green and shining above ; 
petiole one to one and a half inches long. Flowers in 
erect terminal sessile racemes, long pedicelled ; rachis of 
raceme stout, green ; pedicels one to one and a half inches 
long, green, horizontally spreading ; bracts linear, cadu- 
cous ; bracteoles on the pedicels, setaceous. Flowers three- 
quarters of an inch diam. across the stamens. Calyx-tube 
depressed hemispheric, limb 0. Petals 0. Stamens verymany 
in a whorl on the mouth of the calyx-tube, filaments slender 
all ot one length, spreading and recurved ; anthers adnate, 
erect oblong, obtuse. Carpels about ten, connate in a 
Whorl, the bases confluent with the calyx-tube ; styles short, 
recurved, stigmas oblong. Fruit one-half to three-quarters 
or an men m diam., formed of the calyx and about ten 
rather fleshy follicular few-seeded carpels.—/. D. H. 



3 tJwIt fL t * s tamens recurved; 2, anther before dehiscence; 

ditto "after dli ° f * nther bel ^ dehiscence; 4, longitudinal view of 

6 fruitefaimi H D ? ; - 5, Vertl ? al Seutiou thvo ^ a car pel :-all enlarged. 
o, traits trom a Herbarium specimen, of the nat. size. 



1376 




Pitch Mi 



B rooks D ay & Sc 



Tab. 7376. 
SOBRALIA sessilis. 

Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e.— Tribe Neottie;e. 
Genua Sobralia, Ruiz et Pav.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol.iii. p. 590.) 



Sobralta sessilis; caulibuB gracilibus brunneo-bispidulis, fohis paucis 
3-4-pollicaribus ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis supra tete Tindibus 
nervis impressis, subtus rufo-brunneis valide costatis, floribus solitaries 
sessilibus, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis erectis punctatis, floribus roseis 
3 poll, diam., perianthii tubo pollicari, sepalis petalisque consiniilibus 
linearibus acutis recur ria v. revolutis dorso marginibusqne pallidis, labello 
petalis tequilougo, tnbo basi sub-gibboso, limbo recurvo ovato erosc- 
dentato saturate roseo apice albido basi lamellis 2 brevibus aucto, columna 
1'acie medio versus auguste 2-alata apice bicruri, cruribus incurvis 
antberam subrostratam marginantibus. 

S. sessilis, Lindl. Bot. Reg. vol. slvii. (1841), t. 17 ; et Misc.jp. 3 (non Bot. Mag. 
t. 4570, quit S. decurva, Batem). Fol. Orchid. Sobralia, n. 6. 

S. Galeottiana, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. I.e. n. 5 partim (non A. Rich.) 



Sobralia sessilis is a Guiana species discovered by the 
late Sir Robert Schomburgk in about 1840, from whom it 
was received by Messrs. Loddiges, who again communi- 
cated specimens to Dr. Lindley that were figured in the 
Botanical Register in 1841. A very similar but different 
plant was figured in the Botanical Magazine (t. 4570) 
under the same name, from being supposed to be the same 
species. The latter is 8. decora, Bateman (Orchids of 
Mexico and Guatemala, t. 26) a native of Guatemala, which 
has a green stem, leaves pale beneath, pale sepals and 
petals, and a pale pink lip with a more orbicular termina- 
tion. The plate with its erroneous name was pirated in 
Lemaire's Jardin Fleuriste (vol. i. t. 104). These species 
are further confounded by Lindley, who, in the Folia 
Orchidacea, besides keeping up 8, sessilis and decora, 
takes up A. Richards' 8. Galeottiana of Mexico, adding 
Demerara to its habitat. The fact is, as Mr. Rolfe has 
ascertained, Richards' Galeottiana is Bateman's decora 
(published two years earlier) and the Demerara plant is 
sessilis. 



September 1st, 1894. 



There are native specimens of 8. sessilis in the Kew 
Herbarium from the Mazaruni river, collected and sent by 
Mr. Jenman, F.L.S., Government Botanist and Superin- 
tendent of the Botanical Garden of Georgetown, Demerara, 
who states that it attains four feet in height. The speci- 
men here figured was communicated by Sir John Kirk, 
G.C.M.G., F.R.S., &c, which flowered in a stove in the 
Royal Garden in April last. 

Deser. Sterna three to four feet high, loosely tufted and 
rooting, as thick as a crow-quill, dark green and thickly 
granulate with red-brown short tubercle based hairs. 
Leaves few, three to four inches long ovate-lanceolate, 
acuminate, many-nerved spreading and recurved, dark 
green above with sunk nerves, red-brown beneath with 
strong ribs. Flowers solitary, terminal, sessile, three inches 
across the petals, rose-red, with a much deeper coloured 
lip. Bracts linear lanceolate erect, dark green, spotted 
with brown, about equalling the perianth-tube. Perianth- 
tube nearly an inch long, rather slender funnel-shaped at 
the lip. Sepals and petals subsimilar, linear acute spread- 
ing and recurved or almost revolute, margins and under- 
surface pale. Lip as long as the sepals, tube broad rather 
gibbous at the base, tip expanding into an ovate recurved 
obtuse limb with recurved erose margins ; disk at the base 
within, with two short lamellae. Column rather stout, with 
two narrow short wings on the face about the middle ; top 
subclavate, terminating in two incurved and recurved 
semilunar horns, which form an arch and almost meet 
over the anther. Anther shortly obtusely beaked. — 
/. /). H. 

Fig. 1, Side, and 2, front view of column ; 3, anther : — All enlarged. 



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CONTENTS OF No. 597, SEPTEMBER, 1894. 



Tab. 7372.— SALVIA MACRO ZA. 

„ 7373— RHODi [LIPPENBA 

„ 7374.— PRITILL4 

5.— TROCHODENDRON ARALIOIDES. 
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JOURNAL OF BOTANY 







"M.S.aj>l.J.N.Kt«Mith 






Tab. 7377. 
URARIA crinita. 

Native of the East Indies. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^:. — Tribe Hedysare^:. 
Genus Uraria, Desv. ; {Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, v. i. p. 521.) 



Uraria, crinita ; suffrnticosa, pilis uncinatis hirsuta, canle e basi decnmbente 
erecto elato, foliolis 2-4-jugis (rarissime solitariis) oblongis acutis supra 
glabris v. scaberulis subtus puberulis et reticulatis, stipulis e basi late 
cordata repente cuspidatis, racemis 1-2-pedalibus breviter pedunculatis 
strictis cylindraceis multi-deusifloris, pedunculo bracteis ovato-lanceolatis 
imbricatis velato, bracteis floralibus bifloris caducis, pedicellis filiformibus 
decurvis floribus suba?quilongis hirsutis, calycis segmentis lanceolato- 
subulatis pilis basi tuberculatis ciliatis, 2 supremis brevioribus vexillo 
ovato, carina alisque apicibus rotnndatis, legumine minuto cycloideo 3-4- 
articulato. 

U crinita, Desv. Journ. Bot. vol. iii. p. 122, t. 5, f. 19. DC. Prodr. vol. ii. 
p 324 Wall. PI As. Bar. vol. ii. p. 8 ; Gat. n. 5675. Thw. Enum. PL 
Zevl p. 85, 411. Trim. Gat. Geyl. PI. p. 24. Benth. Fl. EongJc. 81 ; PI. 
Jungh. p. 214. Mia. Fl Ind. Bat. vol. i. p. 268. Hassk. PI. Jav. Bar. 
p. 351. Baker in Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 155. 

IT. macrostachya, Wall. I. c. 1. 110. 

U. picta, Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 411 (non Desv.). 

U. comosa, DC. I.e. 

Doodia crinita, Boxb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 369. 

Hedysarum crinitnm, Linn. Mant. p. 102. Burnt. Fl. Ind. p. 169, t. 56. 
Boxb. Sort. Beng. p. 57. 

H. comosnm, Vahl, Symb. vol. ii. p. 84. 

H. lanseum, NoronA. Vert. Bat. Gen. vol. v. p. 77. 



The genus Uraria consists of eight or ten species, all 
natives of the Old World, the handsomest of which is 
that here figured. It is a native of British India, from 
Bengal and Assam, eastward through Burma to China, 
and southward to Malacca and the Malay Islands, extending 
to Timor Laut, but not into Australia, nor is it indigenous 
in Ceylon. In the Flora of British India it is erroneously 
stated to be a native of the Himalaya (ascending to 9000 
ft.). It was no doubt there confounded with U. joicta. 
Seeds of it were sent to the Royal Gardens, Kew, in 

October 1st, 1894. 



November, 1892, by Mr. Ford, F.L.S. (Superintendent of 
the Botanical Garden of Hong-kong). Plants reared from 
this source flowered in September, 1893. Mr. Watson in- 
forms me that a group of these, each bearing a tall raceme 
of rose-purple flowers, was a great attraction to visitors. 
The plants died down to the base after flowering. 

Descr. A tall suffruticose plant, covered except the 
leaflets and perianth with hooked hairs, woody, and often 
decumbent below, and sending up annual herbaceous leafing 
and flowering branches five feet high, with spikes of pink- 
purple > flowers twenty inches long. Leaves alternate, 
spreading and drooping ; petiole and rachis terete ; 
leaflets two to four pairs, rarely solitary, four to six inches 
long by one and a half to two inches broad, linear-oblong, 
acute, bright green, smooth or scaberulous above, pubes- 
cent and finely reticulate beneath; nerves six to ten 
pairs ; stipules broadly cordate, suddenly narrowed into a 
long subulate point, ciliate, pink; stipels subulate. Baceme 
one to two feet, shortly peduncled, cylindric ; peduncle 
clothed with ovate-lanceolate persistent bracts. Flowers 
in densely crowded pairs ; pedicels half an inch to an inch 
long, hhtorm, decurved, ciliate ; flower-bracts two-flowered, 
ovate-lanceolate, caducous, upper more slender, uppermost 
lorming a pink brush terminating the raceme. Calyx one- 
sixth inch long; segments subulate, fringed with tubercle- 
based hairs two upper shorter connate below. Standard 
mWn. t P .i rpl f within >Pale blue externally; wings 
circnW ' t 0lt T ° cWed ' ^ & rounded I keel-petals semi- 

ZZfZZX ^ ^ rVed cWs > ^PS rounded - Fods 

2;!' ° n lnc ^ed pedicels, each twisted on itself, 

vl X Lt T g / f ^° Ut f0ur sma11 shi ™g Pints, the 
3££L5^ to the B P*«fr* Patent caly- 

3, F s\^Ja P rdfrwi D If?i a fl1 °^ r r^ e; 5 flower > •*•* the corolla removed ; 

^*^*tu a^j^v&sf 1 7> im * : ~ ai1 enlarged - 









7378. 




MSdalJUFitchlith 



Vincent Brcote.Xiay 4 Son Imp 



L "Reeve &. C ? London. 



Tab. 7378. 
senecio laxifolius. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Senecionide^. 
Genus Senecio Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446.) 



laxifolitts; arbuscula eglandulosa, rarais foliis subtus paniculisque 
into albido appresso opertis, foliis 1 1-2 \ poll, longis coriaceia elliptico- 



Senecio 
tomento 

oblongis obovatisve obtusis acutisve in petiolum angustatis iutegerrimis 
supra glabris nervis creberrime reticulatis, supremis minoribus sub- 
sessilibus obovatis, petiolo |-f poll, longo, paniculis terminalibus laxi- 
floris ramis gracilibus bracteis paucis linearibus instructis, capitulis 
suberectis gracile pedicellatis 1-poll. diam. aureis, involucri campanulati 
bracteis lineari- oblongis subacutis membranaceis, exfcimis paucis linearibus 
patulis, fl. radii 12-15 ligulis ellipticis apice 3-dentatis, acbeniis cylin- 
draceis sulcatis glabris apice dilatatis, pappi setis inaequalibus scaberulis 
albis. 

S. laxifolius, Buchanan in Trans. N. Zeald. Instit. vol. ii. (1870) p. 89. 

S. latifolius, Mast, in Gard. Chron. (1894) ii. fig. 43, non Banks & Sol. 



M. Buchanan, the describer of this species, compares it 
with. 8. Monroi, distinguishing it by its habit, its larger 
flat acute leaves, which are never wrinkled on the margin, 
long-peduncled corymbs, larger flowers, and absence of 
glandular pubescence on the involucre and pedicels. It is 
much nearer 8. Greyii, Hook. f. (Handb. of N. Zeal. Fl. 
p. 161), differing in the laxer habit, smaller leaves, eglan- 
dular involucres and especially in the almost glabrous 
achenes; it may be said to represent in the Southern 
Island 8. Greyii, which, is confined to the Northern. 

8. Jaxifolius was discovered by Mr. Travers in the 
mountains of the Nelson province, where it has since been 
gathered by several collectors ; it extends from thence to 
the Canterbury Alps, where it was found by Mrs. Hetley. 
The figure is taken from a specimen kindly communicated 
by W. Gumbleton, Esq., of Belgrove, Queenstown, Co. Cork, 
in June of the present year under the name of 8. Greyii. 
October 1st, 1894. 



Descr. A. small mucli branched shrub ; branches leaves 
beneath petioles, corymbs and involucre clothed with dense 
pale buff or white appressed tomentum. Leaves one and 
a half to two and a half inches long, elliptic-oblong or 
linear-oblong, rarely ovate or obovate, obtuse or acute, 
quite entire or very obscurely crenate, base acute, coria- 
ceous, glabrous above with finely reticulate nervules ; 
petiole one-half to three-quarters of an inch long, slender. 
Heads about one inch in diameter, in very loose terminal 
subcorymbiform panicles, with rather slender erect long 
pedicels, and small scattered often obovate petioled or 
sessile leaves, the uppermost of which are linear. Involucre 
eglandular, shortly campanulate, base broad ; outer bracts 
few linear spreading, inner erect, linear-oblong, acuminate ; 
receptacle nearly flat. Ray-flotvers twelve to fifteen; 
ligules one-third of an inch long, spreading, elliptic- 
oblong, tip minutely 3-toothed, 2-nerved, golden-yellow; 
tube quite glabrous ; style-arms very short, obtuse ; ovary 
short glabrous. Disk flowers more numerous than those 
of the ray, tubular, slightly dilated above the middle, teeth 
short. Stamens shortly exserted ; anther-cells shortly free 
at the base and acute, connective obtuse ; style-arms ex- 
serted, short, truncate ; ovary short, glabrous. Pappus- 
hairs unequal, scaberulous, white. Achene narrow, with 
a dilated white apex, sparingly ribbed, quite glabrous or 
with a few very short obscure hairs. — J. D. H. 



Fi£r. 1, Involucral bract; 2, flower of ray; 3, its style-arms; 4, flower 
or disc; 5, stamens; 6, atyle-arms; 7, achene; 8, pappaB hair:— All en- 



Tab. 7379. 
iris ateopuepueea, vdv. ateofusoa. 
Native of Palestine. 



Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Mor^ee jr. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 686.) 



Iris (Oncocyclus) atropurpurea, var. atrqfusca ; rhizomate crasso cylindrico, 
foliis ensiformibus flaccidis pallide viridibus, caule pedali unifloro, spathaa 
valvis magnis lanceolatis ventricosia pallide viridibus, pedicello bre- 
vissimo, periantbii tubo elongato cylindrico, limbo atrofusco, segmentis 
exterioribus obovato-cuneatis reflexis xmgue velutino-piloso, segmentis 
interioribu8 majoribns erectis obovatis unguiculatis, styli ramis dorso 
convexis appendicibus magDis quadratis reflexis, antberis magnis lineari- 
bus albis. 

I. atrofusca, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1893, vol. i. p. 384. 



A full account of the Irises of the subgenus Oncocyclus, 
by Professor Michael Foster, with directions for their 
cultivation, appeared lately in the Garden (1893, vol. i. 
p. 130). They all inhabit Palestine, Syria, and Asia 
Minor, and require less humidity and more sunshine than 
we can give them in England, and in their native homes 
die down to the rootstock and remain at rest for a large 
part of the year. As above cited, I described the present 
plant in 1893 as a species, from specimens procured from 
the east of the Jordan by Messrs. Herb and Wulle of 
Naples. Now after studying fuller material I look upon 
it as a variety of atropurpurea. Baker, which was first 
imported in 1889 from Palestine by Messrs. Dammann 
and Co. Our plate was drawn from specimens flowered 
in Gloucestershire in April, 1894, by H. J. Elwes, Esq. 

Descr. Rootstock thick, fleshy, cylindrical. Leaves about 
six to a stem, ensiform, weak, pale green, the outer some- 
times a foot long at the flowering season. Peduncle one- 
flowered, a foot long, nearly hidden by the sheathing inner 
leaves. Spathe-Y&ives lanceolate, pale green, ventricose 
three or four inches long ; pedicel very short. Perianth- 
October 1st, 1894. 



tube cylindrical, green, two or two and a half inches long ; 
limb dark brown; outer segments obovate-cuneate, re- 
flexed, three inches long by half as broad, with a velvety 
cushion of hairs spread all over the claw ; inner segments 
erect, obovate, unguiculate, longer and broader than the 
inner. Style-branches paler brown, very convex; appen- 
dages large, quadrate, reflexed. Anthers large, linear 
white. Capsule and seeds not seen.—/. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Pace of anther j 2, back of anther ; 3, apex of style, with its appen- 
dages :— All enlarged. * l 



7379 







■Vincent Broo>- 



1. Re eve &. C° London 



73t 






M:^^ 




xJKfti 



.vSonlr 



Tab. 7380. 
TRICHOCENTRUM tigeinum. 
Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide.e. — Tribe Vandeju. 
Genus Tbichocentrum, Poepp.; {Benth. & Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 559.) 



Trichocentrttm, tigrinum ; foliis sessilibns oblongis obtnsis luride viridibus 
rubro maculatis, pediinculis flexuosis 1-2-floris, bracteia ovatis acutis 
roseis, sepalis lateralibus linearibus obtusis dorsalique oblongo subacutis 
aureis rubro punctatis, petalis sepalis lateralibus consimilibus et con- 
coloribus, labello sepalis multo majore cuneato-obovato retuso lateribus 
recurvis albo lasin versus roseo stnato, disco basi 3-calloso, callis brevibus 
aureis compressis acutis et pone callos dentibus 2 erectis instructo, 
columna alba apice 2-auricuIata, auriculis palmatim fimbriatis, anthera 
pubesceute. 

T. tigrinum, Lind. & BeicJib.f. in Gard. Chron. (1869) p. 892. E. Andre in 
lllustr. Eortic. vol. xxiv. (1877) p. 93, t. 282. Warner Orchid. Album, t. 
484. Lindenia, vol. i. p. 53, t. 24. William's Orchid Growers' Man. Ed. 6, 
p. 589. 



According to a statement in Warner's Orchid Album, 
T. tigrinum is a native of Central America, where it was 
discovered by Mr. Richard Pfau, when collecting for M. 
Linden, who received it in 1869. It is well figured in the 
works cited ; in one of which {Lindenia) a slight variety 
with more spots on the sepals and petals is called var. 
splendens. The genus contains about twenty-four described 
species, all natives of tropical America, of which two have 
been figured in this work, namely T. fuscum, LindL, t. 
3969 ; and T. albo-purpureum, Reichb. f., t. 5688. 

The plant figured was obtained from Messrs. F. Sander 
and Co. of St. Albans, in 1893, and flowered in a warm 
house of the Royal Gardens, Kew, in May of the fol- 
lowing year. 

Descr. Stemless. Leaves sessile, two and a half to 
three and a half inches long, oblong, obtuse, very coria- 
ceous, obscurely keeled, dull green speckled with red, the 
younger pale green flushed with red beneath. Peduncles 

October 1st, 1894. 



two to three inches long, flexuous, dull green, one-flowered 
or with the rudiment of a second flower; bracts one-third 
to one-half of an inch long, ovate, acute, concave, mem- 
branous, dull red. Flowers pendulous, or with the pedicel 
upcurved and then ascending ; pedicel with ovary one to 
one and a half inches long. Perianth nearly three inches 
across the petals. Lateral sepals broadly linear, and 
broader dorsal obtuse, golden yellow speckled with red. 
Petals like the lateral sepals, and of the same colour. 
Lip much larger than the sepals, cuneately obovate, emar- 
ginate, sides recurved, white streaked with rose towards 
the base ; disk near the base with three elongate laterally 
compressed triangular acute golden calli, behind which 
are two erect subulate teeth. Column stout, white, tip 
with a projecting fimbriate auricle on each side. Anther 
pubescent ; pollinia pyriform sessile on the tip of a linear 
truncate strap which is seated on a depressed orbicular 
gland.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Column and base of lip ; 2, front view of column ; 3, anther ; 4 and 
o, pollinia :— All enlarged. 



73S1. 




M.S.del,JJfJltch.litK 



VmcenlBrooks.Dayi 



Tab. 7381. 
IMPATIENS auricoma. 

Native of the Comoro Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Gekaniace^e — Tribe Balsamine*:. 
Genus Impatiens, Linn, ; (Benth. £f Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol.i. p. 277.) 



Impatiens, auricoma ; glaberrima, caule erecto, foliis alternis longe petiolatis 
lanceolatis acnminatis crenatis sinubus aristulatis supra laete viridibus 
snbtus pallidis, petiolo roseo basi 2-tuberculoso, pedunculis axillaribus 
erectis petiolis longioribus unilloris, floribus aureis, sepalis 3 dorso 
carinatis, lateralibus orbiculatis apice mucronatis, dorsali erecto galeato 
marginibus recurvis dorso infra apicem mucronato, petalis 5, lateralibus 
per paria in laminas 2-lobas connatis, lobo superiore transverse oblongo 
marginibus recurvis, inferiore minore rotundato, petalo dorsali late cym- 
biformi mucronato dorso obtuse 2-carinato et 2-calcarato, calcaribus parvis 
divaricatis uncinatis obtusis. 

I. auricoma, Poisson, Le Jardin, 1893, p. 53; 1894, p. 9, f. 3. Baillon in 
Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris, p. 598. 8. Mottet in Gard. Chron. 1894, vol. i. 
p. 556. 



A handsome perennial Balsam, introduced accidentally 
with tree-fern trunks from the Comoro Islands by M. 
Humblot, traveller to M. Landry, the well-known cultivator 
of Palms in Paris. It is described as growing to two feet 
in height in M. Landry's nurseries, branching from the 
base, and flowering profusely in the open air in summer, and 
throughout the winter if taken up, potted, and kept in a 
temperate house. Plants of it in the Royal Gardens, Kew, 
from one of which the figure was made, were obtained 
from the nurseries of M. Godefroy-Lebeuf, of Argenteuil, 
which, when about six inches high, flowered in April of 
the present year, and continued flowering for more than 
a month ; they were all unbranched. 

Descr. A somewhat succulent erect quite glabrous 
perennial herb, six inches to two feet high, simple or 
branched from the base. Stem and branches terete, 
reddish, nearly as thick as a goose-quill. Leaves six inches 
long, alternate, spreading and decurved, lanceolate, acu- 
minate, crenate with short red bristles between the crena- 

October 1st, 1894. 



tures, bright green above with a pale red midrib, pale 
green beneath ; nerves six to ten pairs, strong beneath ; 
petiole one and a half to two inches long, stout, red, with 
two small tubercles (stipular) at the base and a few red 
bristles towards the top on each side of the median furrow. 
Peduncles solitary or binate in the leaf -axils, erect, longer 
than the petioles, pale reddish. Flowers one inch long ; 
perianth concave, golden yellow, streaked with red within. 
Sepals three, two lateral orbicular, apiculate, concave, 
greenish yellow, dorsally keeled; dorsal erect, galeate, 
with recurved margins and a minute dorsal spur below 
the tip. Petals five; lateral connate in pairs, upper 
lobes of each pair transversely oblong with recurved 
margins, lower much smaller, rounded ; dorsal petal 
hemispheric, tip beaked, obtusely two keeled on the back, 
the keels ending in two divergent recurved very short 
spurs. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Spurred petal; 2, stamens ; 3, ovary : — All enlarged. 



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Tab. 7382. 
sterculia austro-caledonica. 

Native of New Caledonia. 



Nat. Ord. Sterculiace,e. — Tribe Sterctjlie.b. 
Genus Sterculia, Linn.; (Bentk. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 217.) 



Sterculta (Chrysodactylon) austro-caledonica ; trtmco subsimplici apice 
foliifero, foliis glaberrimia longe-petiolatis junioribus ovato-cordatis 
senioribus orbicularis ad medium palmatim 5-lobis lobis oblongis obtusis 
integerrimia sinubus rotundatis, petiolo apice incrassato, panicula trunco 
longe infra folia enata sessili thyrsiformi puberula, floribus parvis aroma- 
ticis, calycis tubo brevi turbinato lobis patentibus ovatis apicibus incurvis 
lobulatis, lobulis aureis, antheris 10 simplici serie annulatim confertia 
sessilibus, carpellis maturis 5 oblongis crasse stipitatis polyspermia, 
se minibus clavatis radicula hilo proxime. 



The very remarkable plant here figured will, I doubt 
not, be regarded as the type of a genus, when the hetero- 
geneous collection of materials now included under Ster- 
culia shall have been critically studied. As with other 
genera of unisexual trees with large leaves and fruits, 
many of its species are very imperfectly known, and recent 
collectors in tropical regions have added many to the 
number of these since the period when Schott, Bndlicher 
and Brown published the results of their studies of the 
species known to them half a century ago. Schott in 1832 
(Meletemata, p. 32) classified the number known to him 
under thirteen genera. Endlicher about 1838 {Gen. Plant. 
vol. i. p. 994) referred all but one of them back to 
Sterculia, which he divided into ten sections. In 1844 
Brown admitted ten genera, and lastly, Bentham in the 
"Genera Plantarum" (vol. i. p. 217, 1862) proposed 
eight sections of the genus, more or less in accordance 
with those of Endlicher and the genera of Schott and 
Brown. 

In as far as I know the genus, 8, austro-caledonica 

November 1st, 1894. 



differs from all described ones in habit and the lobulate 

calyx-lobes, and from most in the uniseriate anthers forming 

a ring on the summit of the androecium. Of these 

characters by far the most important is that of habit; for, 

instead of forming a branching tree, this species has an 

erect, simple, or nearly simple trunk, with a terminal crown 

of leaves, as in many species of Aralia, and the inflorescence 

proceeds directly from the trunk far below the insertion of 

the leaves. Whether or no these characters are of generic 

value cannot be determined satisfactorily, till the whole 

genus is fully investigated, but I in the meantime propose 

for it, as a sectional name, Chrysodactylon, in allusion to 

the golden colour of the finger-like tips of the calyx-lobes, 

which with the golden anthers contrast remarkably with the 

red of the perianth. This name, not being preoccupied, 

is at the service of any botanist who may work up the 

genus, and place the plant in its proper relation to its 

allies. 

8. austro-caledonica has been cultivated for many years 
in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens, Kew, under the 
above name, and was probably received from the Jardin 
des Plantes. There are specimens of it in Kew Herbarium 
received from M. Lenormand, collected by Vieillard (No. 
2347, 2394) with the following note, " Arbre presque 
simple, bois de Montagues a Kauala." It flowered at Kew 
for the first time in the Water Lily House in April of 
this year, and the flowers had a penetrating aromatic 
smell. 

Descr— Trunk 10 ft. high and upwards, slender, simple, 
bearing at the summit a crown of large, long-petioled 
spreading leaves ; bark pale brown, smooth. Leaves quite 
glabrous, of two forms, with intermediates, the earlier 
4-6 inches long, oblong-cordate, quite entire ; the later 
nearly 2 feet in diameter, suborbicular in outline, deeply 
palmately 5-lobed, with 5-7-strong nerves radiating from 
the petiole, dark green above, paler beneath ; lobes oblong, 
obtuse, sinus rounded ; base rounded, truncate or cordate ; 
petiole 1-2 ft. long, stout, terete, top much thickened, 
obconic. Inflorescence a bright red, sessile, horizontal, 
pyramidal, pubescent thyrsus, springing from the side of 
the trunk, half way between the root and leaves ; rachis, 
branches, and branchlets rather stout, ebracteate, uniformly 
red. Mowers a inch in diameter ; tube of calyx turbinate ; 



lobes 5, ovate, spreading, with incurved 5-lobulate tips, very 
dark red on opening, paler afterwards, the lobules golden- 
yellow. Anthers 10 in a ring on the top of the column. 
Fruit of 3-5 oblong, stipitate, coriaceous follicles, 1^ in. 
long, or less, many-seeded. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, andrcBcium ; 3 and 4, anthers : all enlarged ; 5, reduced 
figure of the plant. 







~Vxn.centBraoks.Day • 



Tab. 7383. 
STAPHYLEA colchica. 

Native of the Southern Caucasus. 

Nat. Ord. Sapindace^e. — Sub Ord. Stapuyie^!. 
Genus Staphylea, Linn. ; (Benih. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 412.) 



Staphyxea colchica ; frutex ramulis gracilibua teretibns, foliis longe petiolatia 
3-5-foliolatis, foliolis approximatis ovato-oblongis acuminatis serrulatia 
ima basi subtus puberulis, lateralibus sessilibus, terminali petiolulato, 
stipulis anguste linearibus fere filiformibus membranaceis, stipellis subu- 
latia, racemis terminalibus suberectia oblongis basi sabcompositis, sepalia 
linearibus obtusis revolutis pallide virescentibus, petalis paullo latioribus 
subspathulatis erectis albis apicibus recurvia, filamentis glabris, capsulaa 
lobis apice divergentibus seminibus diam. grani piperis. 

S. colchica, Steven in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. vol. ii. (1848), p. 276 Waif. Ann. 
vol. ii. p. 262. Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. i. p. 954. Gard. Chron. (1887), 
vol. ii. p. 713, f . 137 ; (1891), vol. ii. p. 161, f. 22. Gartenfl. (1888) p. 501, 
cum Ic. Grilli in Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort. vol. v. (1890), p. 235, f. 10. 



The genus Staphylea, consisting of only five species, has 
a very wide range geographically, extending round the 
globe ; though represented in each successive area by a 
different species. The type of the genus is the well- 
known Bladder-nut, 8. pinnata, Linn., of our shrubberies, 
a native of Western Europe, extending thence to Asia 
Minor and Syria. In the South Caucasian region it is 
succeeded by the species here figured, to which it is very 
closely allied. Thence in proceeding Eastward there is 
a break, no representative having been as yet found in 
Persia. In Afghanistan the Himalayan 8. Emodi appears, 
as a small tree, which extends to Kashmir, and thence to 
the borders of Nepal ; but no further Eastwards in Asia, 
where it is succeeded by the closely allied arboreous 
genus Turpinia, which reaches the coast of China. In 
China, as Mr. Hemsby informs me, there are three species, 
the 8. Bumalda, Sieb. of Japan, another closely resembling 
8. Emodi, and a third which is undescribed. In Japan the 
8. Bumalda, Sieb. and Zucc. takes up the roll; to bo 
continued in Western North America by 8. Bolanderi, 
November 1st, 1894. 



A. Gray, of California, and in Eastern by the Ameri- 
can Bladder-nut, 8. trifolia, Linn. There are two 
notable features iu this distribution, one that the 
limits of no two species overlap, and the other, and 
the far more remarkable, that the S. Emodi, which is 
confined to a comparatively very narrow range in the 
Himalaya and Affghanistan, is so closely allied to the 
Eastern American S. trifolia, that Mr. Hiern, in the " Flora 
of British India," says of the former, " probably a form 
of trifolia, differing only in the less pubescent foliage, and 
anther-tips less obtuse." It is, in fact, another instance of 
the well-known affinity of the N.E. American Flora with 
the Asiatic. 

8. colchica is closely allied to S.pinnata, which has long- 
peduncled, drooping racemes, broader sepals, which are 
not revolute, and connivent styles of the fruit ; the seeds 
also are much larger, being the size of a pea, whilst those 
of 8. colchica are described as no bigger than a pepper- 
corn. Both species have long been in cultivation at Kew, 
where they flower in May. The specimen of 8. colchica here 
figured was sent to Kew for naming from the garden of W. 
Brockbank, Esq., of Brockhurst, Didsbury. It has of late 
years been largely grown for forcing, pot-plants of it being 
very ornamental. 

Descr.— A shrub, six to ten feet high ; branches opposite, 
slender, green, terete. Leaves opposite, 3-5-foliolate ; 
leaflets 2|-3^ in. long, ovate-oblong, acuminate, serrulate, 
bright green, glabrous, except a faint pubescence beneath 
towards the base, lateral sessile, terminal petiolulate ; 
petiole 2-3 in. long, slender ; stipules nearly an inch long, 
hliform, deciduous; stipels subulate. Racemes oblong, 
more or less compound ; bracts filiform. Sepals very pale 
green, revolute, linear, obtuse. Petals as long, erect, 
narrowly spathulate, white, tips recurved. Filaments 
glabrous ; anthers apiculate. Capsule with spreading styles. 
— J» D. H, 



Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, petal; 3, stamens and ovary ; 4, ovary and disk 
5, transverse section of ovary .-All enlarged. 




38*-. 



U,JXF 



vBrookKDav^Snri Tmr 



Tab. 7384. 
sesbania exaspeeata. 

Native of tropical America. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos*. — Tribe Galege/B. 
Genus Sesbania, Pers.; (Benth. & Rook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 502.) 



Sesbania (Eusesbania) exasperata; fruticosa, ramis ramulisque acuta angulatis 
glabris v. aculeolis minimis exasperatis, foliorum rache 6-8-pollicari, 
foliolis 30-50-jagis oblongis lineari-oblongisve obtusis mucronatis ciliolatis 
glaberrimisve, racemis longe pedunculatis 3-5-floribus, pedicellis g— § poll. 
longis, bracteis subuiatis caducis, floribns amplis aureis, calycis tubo corolla 
multotifs breviore turbinato dentibus triangulari-ovatis, vexillo orbi- 
culari apice bilobo dorso creberrime punctato ungue intus 2-callosa, alis 
oblongis vexillo paullo brevioribus, carinae petalis dolabriformibus alis 
aequilongis sed multo latioribus, legumine 8-10-pollicari anguste lineari 
recto bi-convexo longe rostrato polyspermo, seminibus £ poll, longis 
oblongis, testa brunnea. 

S. exasperata, Hmnb. Bonpl. & Kunth Nov. Gen. & Sp. Amer. vol. vi. p. £34. 
Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. xv. pars. i. p. 42. Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 
p. 184. 

S. macrocarpa, Mia. Meissn. et auct. plur. quoad, stirp. Austro-Americanam 
(non Muhlb.). 

Lotus palustris, Veil. Fl. Flum. vol. vii. p. 137, text 315. 



A very widely distributed tropical American plant, from 
Jamaica and other West Indian Islands, to South Brazil and 
Paraguay, and from the coast to the Upper Amazon 
river. Considering how very handsome its flowers are, it 
is singular that it should not have been earlier introduced 
into cultivation. Its habit is, no doubt, forbidding, for, 
like the other shrubby Sesbaniese, it is of an unattractive 
habit, and is poor in foliage. It is described in all works 
as having an unspotted standard ; this may be from the 
spots disappearing in dried specimens, or in poor varieties ; 
but, as grown at Kew, the spots are a very attractive 
character. The leaves are said to be sensitive. 

The plant figured was raised from seeds sent to the Royal 
Gardens by Senor A. Sampaio, of San Paulo, in South 
Brazil, which flowered in a greenhouse in April of this 
year. 

Descr. — A glabrous shrub, eight to ten feet high (or 

November 1st, 1894. 



more ? ) with slender, acutely angled, sparingly leafy, un- 
armed or sparingly muricate branches and branchlets. 
Leaves six to ten inches long, scattered ; petiole and rachis 
slender; leaflets 30 to 50 pairs, opposite and alternate; 
one half to one and a half inches long, from oblong to 
linear, tips rounded and apiculate, bright green above, pale 
beneath. Racemes shorter than the leaves, few-fld. ; bracts 
small, caducous; pedicels one half to three-fourths of an inch 
long ; bracteoles minute, caducous. Flowers an inch broad ; 
standard and wings golden-yellow, speckled with red on 
the back of the standard, and with a red streak on the 
wings ; keel sulphur-yellow. Calyx green ; tube small, 
turbinate, teeth triangular. Standard recurved, orbicular, 
deeply notched, bi-convex, with two connate oblong calli 
at the very base. Wings spathulate-oblong, obtuse, much 
narrower than the keel, but as long. Keel-petals hatchet- 
shaped, with a slender claw. Filaments and ovary quite 
glabrous. Pod ten inches long, by one-fourth of an inch 
broad, linear, stipitate, strict, ending in a straight acute, 
dagger-like beak, margins thickened, valves convex, slightly 
constricted at the narrow septum between the very numerous 
seeds. Seeds oblong, rounded at both ends.—/. D. H. 



<■ v lg i ^ ' Calyx and ovar y; 3 > ba se of standard; 4, wing-petal; 

o, keel-petal; 6, stamens ; 7, pod ; 8, portion of ditto with one valve removed ; 
«, seed :— All but figs. 7 and 8 enlarged. 



7365 




VmcentBrooks,Day<'-. 



Tab. 7385. 
ORNITHOCHILUS fuscus. 

Native of the East Indies and China. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidejE — Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus Ornithochilus, Wallich. ; (Benth. 8f Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 581.) 



Ornithochilus fuscus ; herba epiphytica acaulis, radicibus crassis, foliis paucis 
elliptico-ofelongis acutis planiusculis coriaceis, pedunculo valido, racemo 
simpliei v. parce ramoso elongato pendulo multifloro, bracteia parvis 
acutis, floribus parvis longe pedicellatis, sepalis oblique oblongis obtusis 
anreis rubro-striatis demum reflexis, petalis panllo minoribus concoloribus, 
labello sepalis majore breviter unguiculato, hypochilo latiusculo patente 
lobis lateralibus angustis rotundatis, disco carinato et lamina fimbriata 
transversa orem calcaris claudente instructo, epichilo inflexo erecto rubro 
marginibus interne incurvis superne in laminam reniformem recurvam 
fimbriatam dilatato, calcare ovario remoto sepalis ffiquilongo incurvo 
obtuso, columna brevi, rostello demum forcipato. 

O. fuscus, Wall, in Lindl. Gen. & Sj>. Orchid, p. 242. Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 
vol. vi. p. 76. 

O. Eublepharum, Hance in Journ. Bot. vol. xxii. (1884), p. 364. 

iErides difforme, Wall, ex Lindl. L c. Lindl. Sert. Orchid, frontisp. fig. 7, et 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. iii. p. 41. Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 889. Beichh.f. 
in Gard. Chron. (1865), p. 698. 

A. Hystrix, Lindl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. 1. c p. 42 (non Gen. & Sj>. Orchid.) 



A singular Orchid, the flowers of which, owing especially 
to the complicated nature of the lip, are (as with many 
other Orchids), most difficult to describe in intelligible, 
and, at the same time, accurate language. It was first 
made known by Wallich about sixty years ago as a native 
of Nepal, and it has since been found in the Eastern 
Himalaya and Khasia hills, at elevations of 4-5000 ft., in 
Burma, and more recently in China. According to a series 
of drawings made in India, and preserved at Kew, there is 
much variation in the colour of the flower, from dull green 
to orange-yellow, in the breadth of the sepals, and in the 
lip, the'fimbriated midlobe (epichil) of which is more or less 
3-lobulate, with the side lobes fimbriate, and the midlobe 
either entire or fimbriate. The description in " Genera 
Plantarum " and in the clavis of genera of Orchids in the 
" Flora of British India " (vol. v. p. G72), both taken from 

November 1st, 1894. 



dried specimens, are very faulty, for there is no true 
mentum ; what was taken for a mentum is the inflexed 
narrow claw of the lip ; nor is the lip usually saccate at the 
base, though so represented in some of the drawings, but 
at the distal end of the hypochil, under the insertion of 
the epichil. 

0. fuscus flowered in the Royal Gardens in May last. The 
specimen was received in 1892 from C. Ford, Esq., F.L.S., 
Superintendent of the Hong Kong Botanical Gardens. 

Descr. — Stem ; roots very stout, vermiform. Leaves few, 
4-6 inches long, sessile, spreading, elliptic-oblong, acute, 
subrecurved, flat, coriaceous, bright pale green. Racemes 
simple or branched at the base, about a foot long, arising close 
to the bases of the leaves, pendulous, very many-flowered; 
peduncle as thick as a duck's quill, curved, terete, with a 
few very short broad brown sheaths ; floral bracts very 
small, subulate, dark brown ; pedicels spreading, with the 
slender ovary ±-1 in. long ; perianth about f of an inch 
long from the tip of the reflexed sepals to that of the lip. 
Sepals I in. long, spreading or reflexed, oblong-ovate, 
obtuse, golden-yellow streaked with red. Petals like the 
sepals, but smaller. Lip nearly as large as the rest of the 
flower, consisting of three parts, a concave, expanded, 
horizontal hypochil, suddenly contracted at the base into a 
narrow geniculate claw, an erect epichil, and a rather long 
spine beneath the latter; thehypochil.has rounded sidelobes, 
a flat ridge crenate at the dilated base on the disk ; and at 
the base of the epichil a flat, fimbriate flap overhangs 
the mouth of the horn-like obtuse spur ; epichil at right 
angles to the hypochil, its margins infolded, so as to be 
tubular, then expanding into a broad, recurved, dark red, 
simple or 3-lobed. fimbriate limb, the tube dorsally bears 
an acute spur. Column very short, with a broad fimbriate 
semi-lunar disk below the clinandrium ; top contracted ; 
anther oblong, obtusely beaked in front ; pollinia pyriform, 
separately sessile on a flat strap, the truncate top of which 
is seated on a quadrate gland. — J". D. H. 



AnVa^t^t^ 2jHP; 3 > C0lamn ; 4 > a * ther ; 5and 6 ' zinnia:- 




7386. 






Tab. 7386. 
ALOE Kiekii. 

Native of Zanzibar. 



Nat. Ord. LiLiACEiE— Tribe Aloine^s. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. ; {Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 776.) 



Aloe, KirHi ; caudice brevi valido, f oliis 30-40 dense rosulatis lanceolatis 
snbpedalibus patulis viridibus brevibus immaculatis, aculeis marginalibus 
magnis patulis deltoideis, pedunculo stricto erecto trifurcato, racemis 
densis oblongo-cylindricis, pedicellis brevibus, superioribus ascendentibus, 
inferioribus cernuis, bracteis ovatis parvis, perianthio cylindrico rubro- 
luteo apice viridulo, lobis lingulatis tubo brevioribus, staminibus brevissime 



exsertis 



This is another new Aloe, sent from Zanzibar by Sir 
John Kirk to the Royal Gardens, Kew. It was received 
from him in 1881, and flowered for the first time in the 
Succulent House in January, 1894. It belongs to the group 
of true Aloes with a very short caudex, and dense rosette 
of unspotted leaves, of which A. brevifolia, Serra, glauca, 
and heteracantha are the best known garden representatives. 
Its nearest ally is A. Hildebrandtii, Baker in Bot. Mag. 
Tab. 6981, which also is a native of South-East tropical 
Africa. 

Descr.— Caudex short, stout, erect. Leaves thirty to 
forty in a dense rosette, spreading, lanceolate, nearly a foot 
long, two inches broad above the dilated base, tapering 
gradually to the point, a quarter of an inch thick in the 
middle, bright green, without any spots or dots, very 
smooth on both surfaces ; marginal teeth large, deltoid, 
spreading, scarcely tipped with brown in the cultivated 
plant. Inflorescence two feet long, with three branches; 
peduncle stiffly erect, branched at the middle; racemes 
dense, oblong-cylindrical, the end one nearly a foot long ; 
pedicels short, the upper ascending, the lower cernuous ; 

November 1st, 1894. 



bracts very small, ovate. Perianth cylindrical, above an 
inch long, reddish-yellow, tipped with brown ; lobes 
Ungulate, rather shorter than the tube. Stamens finally 
very shortly exserted — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, A flower ; 2, an anther, front view ; 3, an anther, back view ; 4, ovary 
and style, all enlarged ; 5, whole plant much reduced. 



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7387. 




M.S del 



\iraoUsfl<Tfb 






Tab. 7387. 
EULOPHIELLA Elizabeths. 

Native of Madagascar. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidejE. — Tribe Vande^:. 
Genus Eulophiella ; (Bolfa in Lindenia, vol. iii. p. 29.) 



Etlophieixa Elizabeths ; pseudobulbis e rhizomate repente crassis cylindraceis 
viridibus annulatim cicatricosis, vestigiis foliorum scopiformibus brunneia 
iiiBtructia, foliis bipedalibus elongato-lanceolatia acuminatia plicatis 
deciduia, scapo crasso decurvo basi vaginis brevibua obtusis atriatia 
operto dein elongato nudo rufo-brunneo, racemo pendulo multifloro, 
floribus suberecti8 albis extus roseo irroratis, bracteia ovatis aubacutia 
rufo-brunneis, pedicellis una cum ovariis 1-1J pollicaribua roseia decurvia 
dein ascendentibua, 8epalis rotundatis dorao roseo irroratis, petalis obovato- 
rotundatiB, labello sessili parvo 3-lobo albo disco aureo, lobis oblongia 
margine interiore crenatis, disco inter loboa callo hippocrepiforme 
carinisque 2 antice dentatis instructo, lobo terminali rotundato crenu- 
lato retuso v. emarginatco, disco Betoso, columna mediocri apice contracta 
basi in pedem producta, anthera parva tumida postice deorBum producta, 
polliniis globosis in glandula transversa Bessillibus. 

E. Elisabethse, Linden Sf Rolfe, I. c. vol. vii. p. 77, t. 325, and in Orchid 
Review, vol. i. (1893), p. 207. Linden Illustr. Mortic. vol. xl. (1893), p. 39, 
t. 173, f. 2, Sf Journ. Orchid. (1892), p. 95, fig. 11. Le Jardtn (im), 
p. Ill, fig. 43. Journ. Sortie. Ser. 3, vol. xxv. p. 255. JSeub. Gard. 
Mag. (1894), p. 2, t. 1. 



Eulophiella is a remarkable genus, manifestly belonging 
to the Sub-Tribe Cyrtopodieae, and to be placed near Gyrto- 
podium, from which it differs in habit, and in the absence 
of a mentum, the perianth being hemispherical and equally 
rounded at the base. Its native country was for some time 
doubtful, and supposed to be the Congo region. Latterly 
it has been sent to Messrs. Sander & Co. of St. Albans, 
from Madagascar, by M. L. Hamelin, a French gentleman 
resident in that island, who is believed to be the discoverer 
of the plant. It was first flowered by Linden. The 
specific name Elizabeths is given in compliment to H.M. 
the Queen of Roumelia (" Carmen Sylva,") 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Messrs. Sander for 
a plant received in 1893, which had not, however, flowered 

December 1st, 1894. 



when, in April, 1894, the raceme here represented was 
kindly sent by Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bt. Mr. "Watson 
informs me that it requires a very hot and damp stove. 

Descr. — Rhizome creeping and rooting, sending up tufts 
of leaves, and compressed green, annulate pseudobulbs 
four to six inches high, and one inch broad ; the transverse 
scars at the nodes of which are brown, and bear a thin 
bunch of brown, flexuous fibres, an inch long. Leaves 
nearly two feet long, by one and a half broad, narrowly 
lanceolate, gradually finely acuminate, plicate, with five or 
more stout ribs beneath. Scape from the base of the 
leafing pseudobulbs very stout, as thick at the base as a 
goose- quill, and there decurved, furnished with short, ovate, 
obtuse, brown, striated scale-like sheaths, pale red-brown, 
as are the rachis of the raceme, bracts, pedicels, and ovaries. 
Racemes many-fid. ; bracts two-thirds of an inch long, 
spreading, ovate, acute ; peduncle stout, with the ovary 
curved, and ascending from the drooping rachis. Flowers 
suberect, one and a half inch in diameter, hemispheric. 
Sepals orbicular, white within, suffused with rose across 
the middle dorsally. Petals smaller than the sepals, 
broadly obovate, white. Lip much smaller than the sepals, 
white, with a golden disk, 3-lobed ; lateral lobes oblong, 
obtuse, crenulate in front ; midlobe orbicular, eraarginate 
or retuse, crenulate ; disk with a horse-shoe callus towards 
the base, and 2 ridges between the lateral lobes, setose on 
the mid-lobe. Column concave in front, tip contracted. 
Anther small, gibbous, produced posteriorly into a short, 
deflexed, obtuse beak ; pollinia 2, subglobose, sessile on a 
broad transverse gland. — J.D.H. 



Fig. 1, Lip and column ; 2, lip with one lateral lobe removed ; 3/ column ; 
4, anther; £, pollinia;:— All enlarged. 



73S8. 




Vincent Bro olc3,Day &Sanimp 



L Reeve &. C° London. 



Tab. 7388. 
DAPHNE CATJCASICA. 
Native of the Caucasus. 

Nat. Ord. Thymel^ace^!.— Euthymel,ee<e. 
Genus Daphne, Linn.; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 190.) 



Daphne (Eudapbne) caucasica; frutex humilis, erectus, ramulis glabris, foliis 
deciding spams sessilibus lanceolatis oblanceolatisve obtusis apiculatis 
glaucis glabna basi angustatis pallide viridibus, fa-ciculis florum termina- 
hbus ebracteatis, noribus albis brevissime pedicellatis, calycis subsericeo- 
canescentis tabo lobis duplo longiore cylindraceo, lobid ovatis obtusis 
margimbus demum recurvis, ovario obovoideo parce piloso. 

D. caucasica, Pall Fl. Boss. vol. i. p. 53. Georgi Beschreib. d. Buss. Reich. 
vol.m. p. 937. Ledeb. FL Boss. vol. iii. p. 549; Fl. Alt. vol. ii. p. 71. 
Meissn. in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. pt. i. p. 531. 

D. altaica, Pall. 1. c. t. 35. Ledeb. 1. c. 548. Bot. Mag. t. 1875 (var.) 

D. caucasica, var. cognata, O. Koch in Linnsea, vol. xxii. (1827), p. 614. 

D. Cneorum, Guldenst. It. vol. i. p. 191 (ex Ledeb. I. c. non Linn.). 

D. salicifolia, Lam. Encycl. vol. iii. p. 438. M. Bieb. FL Taur. Cauc. vol. i. 

p. 299. Fichu,. FL Taur. Cauc. p. 22, 26. Kalenicz. in Bull. Soc. 

Natural Mosc. (1849), p. 309. 

D. euphorbioides, Pusch. ex Steud. Nom. Ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 483. 
D. oleoides, Tchern. in Herb. DC. ex Meissn. I. c. 532 (non Linn.). 



The species of Daphne are notoriously difficult of dis- 
crimination by available characters of habit, flowers or 
foliage, of which fact the 8. European and Oriental 
D. oleoides, Schreb., which has fifteen recorded names, is a 
conspicuous instance. In the case of the plant here 
figured, I am in doubt whether to call it D. caucasica, or 
I), altaica, Pall. According to Meissner's characters of 
these species they differ only in the former having leaves 
lanceolate, 2-5 flowers in a head and a glabrous ovary, and 
the latter leaves lanceolate or oblong, 2-20 flowers in a 
head, and an ovary puberulous at the top. Thus the 
character of the leaves and number of flowers are of no 
avail, and in the plant here figured the ovary agrees with 
neither, having merely a few hairs on its surface. 

Referring to Herbarium specimens, I find no appreciable 
difference between the Caucasian and Altaic ones, and it is 

December 1st, 1894. 



lience no violent assumption to make, that as D. oleoides 
extends from Spain to the Himalaya, so may caucasica 
extend from the Caucasus to the Altai. If this be so, the 
choice of names becomes a question, for both were published 
in the same book by Pallas. Of the two D. altaica is the 
better known, the broad-leaved form of it having been 
figured in this magazine (t. 1875), from a plant that 
flowered in the Cambridge Botanical Garden in 1817. 
The latter are described as not being fragrant, whereas 
those of D. caucasica are decidedly so. On the other hand, 
Pallas's plate of D. altaica is quite erroneous, and contrary 
to his description, in figuring the clusters of flowers as 
supported by a long peduncle. 

Plants of D. caucasica were procured by the Royal 
Gardens in 1893, under the name of salicifolia, from Mr. 
T. Smith of Eewry, whose nursery is famous for the 
number of rare shrubs it contains, many of them, though 
hardy in Ireland, unfortunately not so at Kew. In the 
case of D. caucasica, however, it stood the winter of 
1893-4, and flowered in May of the latter year, but has not 
fruited. 

Descr. — A dwarf shrub, quite glabrous, except the 
perianth. Leaves one to one and a half inches long, 
deciduous, linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate, subacute or 
obtuse and apiculate, pale green above, subglaucous 
beneath. Flowers subsessile, in terminal clusters of two to 
twenty, white, fragrant, ebracteate. Perianth tube half an 
inch long, cylindric, silkily pubescent ; lobes ovate or nearly 
orbicular, about half as long as the tube, margins at first 
involute, then revolute. Stamens included, except the 
tips of the four upper anthers. Ovary obovoid, sparsely 
pubescent ; style very short ; stigma broad, hemispheric. 



Pig. 1 Flower; 2, the same, with the perianth laid open; 3, ovary; 
% vertical section of the same :— All enlarged. 



7389 





\incentBr o oks/Day &. Son Imp 



L Reeva 6VC° London. 



Tab. 7389. 

ERYCINA echinata, Lindl. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe Vandej:. 
Genus Erycina, Lindl.; (Benth. & Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 565.) 



Erycina echinata ; herba epipbytica, caule brevi apice pseudobulbum soli- 
tarium monophyllum gerente, foliia e basi lata sesailibus distichis 
imbricatis ovatis acutis apiculatis sursum sensim majoribus, pelunculo 
axillari gracili decurvn, racetno simplici v. paniculatim raraoso pauci- 
floro, bracteia pateutibus lanceolatis vaginato, pedicellis brevibus muri- 
culatis, sepalis parvia subherbaceis postico ovato acuminato galeato 
recurvo basi tumido, lateralibns lanceolatis basi connatia divarioatis, 
petalia ovatis acutia reflexis, labello basi colnmnas adnato sepalis petalisque 
multoties majore platio aureo profnnde 3-lobo sinubns rotundatis, lobia 
lateralibus basi contractia flabelliformibns, intermedio unpniyulato 
transverse oblongo, disco ad baain lobi medii callis 2 et appendicibua 2 
erectis elongatia linguagformibus instructo, columna breviasima apoda 
exalata basi utrinque tumida, rostello elongato sigmoideo erecto, anthera 
inoumliente elongata longe rostrata, polliniis 2 ovoideis apice stipitis 
gracilis geniculatim inflexi sesailibus, glandula magna ovata, capsula 
ecbinata. 

E. ecbinata, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. 1853. Beichb. f. in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 
739. Hemsl. Biol. Cent. Amer. vol. iii. p. 289. 

Oncidium echinatum, Humb. Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. et. Sp. Amer. vol. i. 
p 345, t. 79. 



A very singular little Orchid, belonging to the South 
American subtribe OncidiesB, and with the aspect of a 
small Oncidium, but differing remarkably from that genus 
in the structure of the lip and column, the former being 
almost equally 3-lobed, and the latter being very short, 
thick, and without wings. The vertical position of the 
clinandrium, too, with the very long anther at its back, and 
the long rostellum, are quite unlike any Oncidium. 
Bentham rightly compares the appendages of the lip and 
the rostellum to those of the Brazilian genus Zugostates, 
Lindl., in which the column, though longer, is as in Erycina 
footless, the rostellum very long, and the clinandrium lies 
at the back of the column. 

Erycina echinata was discovered by Humboldt at the 

beginning of the century, at or near Acapulco, on the 

west coast of Mexico, and it has since been collected by 

Galeotti at the Laguna de Tututepec in the province of 

December 1st, 1894. 



Oaxaca, at an elevation of 4000 ft. The plant figured was 
received at the Royal Gardens from Messrs. F. Sander & 
Co. of St. Albans in 1892, and flowered in a warm house 
in April, 1894. 

Descr. — A small epiphyte. Stems tnfted, two to six 
inches high, clothed throughout with distichous, imbricat- 
ing, persistent, acute bracts below, and leaves above, and 
terminating in a small oblong, 2-leaved pseudobulb, which 
is sunk between the uppermost pair of leaves. Leaves two 
to four inches long, ovate- oblong, acuminate, bright green, 
with a few brown stripes, jointed on the compressed short 
sheaths. Racemes axillary from the base of the pseudobulb, 
slender, decurved, loosely many-flowered; peduncle long, 
with many lanceolate, spreading, amplexicaul, rigid sheaths 
one-third of an inch long; bracts like the sheaths, but 
smaller ; pedicels as long as the bracts, slender. Flowers 
two-thirds of an inch in diam. Sepals very small, dorsal 
galeate acuminate ; lateral connate at the base, linear- 
oblong, herbaceous, diverging, concealed under the lip. 
Petals ovate, acuminate, green, reflexed. Lip very large, 
flat, deeply 3-lobed, lobes subequal. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front, and 2, back view of flower; 3, column and base of lip; 
4 anther cap; b and 6, pollinia -.—All enlarged. 



7300. 




M-SM.JN.F- 



1 






Plate 7390. 
STROPHANTHTJS PETERSIANUS 

var. GRANDIFLOEUS. 
Native of Belagoa Bay. 



Nat. Ord. Apoctnace.e. — Tribe Echitide^:. 
Genus Strophantus, DC. ; {Benth. $ Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 714.) 



Strophantus Petersianus ;. frutex scandens, glaberrimus, ramis gracilibus 
brurmeis albo-maculatis, foliis petiolatis ovatis obtuse acuminatis undu- 
latis, cymis paucifloris, floribus subsessilibus, calycislobis ovatis recurvis, 
glandulis basi 5 inasqualibus, corollae flavidge v. purpurascentis tubo 
calyce duplo longiore infundibulari-canipanulato, lobis lanceolatis ia 
caudas longissimas tortas pendulas productis, appendicibus oris tubo fere 
aeqnilongis subulatis flexuosis, filamentis connectivis intus villosis, 
antherarum aristis loculis aequilongis v. brevioribus. 

S. Petersianus, Klotzsch in Peters' Beise Mossamb. Bot. p. 276. 

S. sarmentosus, AD.C. var. verrucosus, Pax in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. vol. xv. 
(1893), p. 374 

Yar. grandiflorus, JV.E. Brown in Kew Bullet. (1892), p. 126; floribua 
majoribus. 



Except in the much larger size of the flowers there 
seems to be nothing to distinguish this handsome plant 
from that found by Dr. Peters, whence it follows that 
8. Petersianus has a very wide distribution (of 20°) in 
tropical Africa, varying much in both the size and colour 
of the flowers, the breadth of the calyx-lobes and the 
length of the tails of the corolla-lobes. The Southern 
limit, as far as is ascertained is the North bank of the 
Limpopo river, where it was found by Mr. St.V. W. 
Erskine, who made good drawings of the flowers, repre- 
senting the corolla as rose-purple externally. Its Northern 
limits are Mombasa, where it was found by Hildebrandt, 
and Zanzibar (Kirk). The type of the species, so far as 
first publication is concerned, is a small flowered state, 
which was discovered by Dr. Peters near Tette, on the 
Zambesi river, about 300 miles from its mouth. Herbarium 
specimens of the large flowered variety here figured were 
sent to Kew in 1876, by the late J. J. Monteiro, Esq. (a 
first-rate Naturalist, and valued correspondent), whose 
December 1st, 1894. 



work is the only really good English one of its kind 
known to me that relates to the Natural history of any part 
of tropical Africa. The species appears to extend to the 
West Coast, for a var. amboense (Schinz in Verhandl. Bot. 
Ver. Prov. Brandenb. xxx. (1889), p. 259, is described 
as a native of Amboland (Ovampoland), in the 
German territory of Damara Land. Finally, Pax, as 
referred to above, regards it as a variety of the West 
African S. sarmentosus, AD.C. It is a species of this 
genus, believed to be 8. hispidus, DC, the root of which 
is said to yield the arrow-poison of some African tribes, 
and the seeds of which are reputed to be a valuable 
medicine in the treatment of certain cases of heart disease. 

The plant from which the specimen figured is taken 
was raised from seeds sent to the Koyal Gardens in 1884 
by Mrs. Monteiro, herself a valued correspondent of the 
Royal Gardens. It flowered in a stove, where it was 
trained to a rafter, for the first time in May, 1894. 

Descr. — A slender climber, quite glabrous ; branches 
brown, speckled with white, terete, smooth. Leaves three" 
to five inches long, ovate, obtusely acuminate, undulate, 
bright green above, pale beneath, base rounded or 
narrowed ; petiole about half an inch long. Flowers soli- 
tary, a few in a subterminal cyme, very shortly pedicelled. 
Calyx-lobes two-thirds of an inch long, ovate, acute, re- 
curved green, suffused with red, glands at the base within 
irregular in form and disposition. Corolla-tube twice as 
long as the calyx, between infundibular and campanulate, 
upwards of an inch long, and as broad across the mouth, 
dull yellow with broken red streaks; lobes reflexed, lan- 
ceolate, narrowed into slender loosely twisted pendulous 
tails eight inches long, inner surface yellow, outer dull 
red ; appendages of the mouth two-thirds of an inch long, 
subulate, erect, fiexuous, yellow. Filaments woolly in 
the inner face ; awn of anther as long as the cells ; con- 
nective with a boss on the inner face. Ovary ellipsoid ; 
style long, slender, tip very unequally 2-fid.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Base of corolla tube and stamens ; 2, anthers viewed from the inner 
face ; 3, ovary and style -.—All enlarged. 



7391. 




] , Rseve &. C° London 



Aftnce nt Brooks , Day & Scr 



Tab. 7391. 
GMELINA HrsTRix. 

Native of the Philippine Islands. 



Nat. Ord. VerbenacEjE. — Tribe Viticejb. 
Genus Gmelina, Linn.; {Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1153.) 



Gmelina Hystrix; frntex scandens, spinosns, ramulis junioribus hispido- 
pubesoentibus, foliis glabris subtus sparse glandulosis, aliis elliptico- 
oblougis obtusis v. subacutis aliis minoribus latioribus obtuse lobatis, spicis 
strobiliformibus terminalibus breviusculis, bracteis amplis tumidis ovato- 
rotundatis acuminatis 5-nervis pulcherrime rubro-venulosis, calyce brevi 
obtuse 5-dentato hirto pauci-glanduloso, corollae aureae tubo e basi 
angusto campanulato infra orem inflato curvo, limbi labio superiore 3- 
lobo, lobis brevibus late ovato-rotundatis recurvis inferiore triplo longiore 
ovato obtuso, filamentis anticis glandulosis, posticis multo minoribus 
glabris, drupa obovoidea. 

G. Hystrix, Schult. ex Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. vol. xxxix. (1870) pt. ii. 
p. 81. Villar, in Blanco FLjilip. vol. iii. Nov. App. p. 159. 



A very little known plant, of which the first published 
description is by the late S. Kurz, a first-rate Indian 
Botanist, and author of '* The Forest Flora of Burma," 
who was for some time an employe in the Herbarium of 
the Botanic Garden of Buitenzorg (Batavia), and latterly 
Curator of that of the Calcutta Gardens. Kurz's description 
of it is apparently made from specimens grown in the 
gardens of Bankok, Siam, and preserved in the Buitenzorg 
Herbarium ; and as to the name and authority of Schult, 
he says, " I found it attached to the plant; in the Library 
of the Botanic Gardens, Buitenzorg, but I am unable, at 
present, to give a reference to the work in which it 
occurred." The Kew Herbarium contains several specimens 
of it from Siam, collected by the late Sir K. Schomburgk, 
and the late Mr. Murton, when Superintendent of the 
Botanic Gardens of Bankok, who says of it, " apparently 
wild at Bankok." There are also specimens sent from the 
Natal Botanic Gardens as a Siam plant. On the other 
hand, there are undoubtedly indigenous specimens from 
the Philippine Islands, from Cuming (No. 1913), aDd from 
December 1st, 1894. 



Vidal, collected in the Province of Laguna (No. 3433) ; 
and the latter author gives, in his edition of Blanco's 
"Flora de Filipinas," several localities for it in the 
Archipelago. I think, therefore, it may be assumed that 
this beautiful plant has been introduced into Siam from 
the Philippines ; and from Siam into India and Natal. 

Plants of Gmelina Hy stria were sent to Kew from the 
gardens of H.H. the Gaekwar of Baroda, by Mr. Goldring, 
Superintendent of his Highness's gardens and plantations^ 
who says of it, "that it forms a sturdy shrub, and that 
the bracts there are higher coloured than those repre- 
sented in the plate." At Kew the plant is grown in the 
Water-Lily House, trained against the glass roof, where it 
has the habit of a Bougainvillea, and flowers freely. 

Descr .—A scandent stout shrub, more or less spinescent, 
no doubt according as it is grown in a damp or drier 
climate ; branchlets and shoots hispidly pubescent. Leaves 
petioled, dimorphic, bright green above, pale below, where 
there occur scattered globose glands ; in one form of the 
leaves these are 4-6 in. long, elliptic-oblong, subacute, in 
the other they are shorter, broader, and with shallow 
WDes; petiole appressed hairy, about half an inch long. 
flowers subsessile, in short, dense, terminal, drooping, 
cone-like sessile spikes, formed of very large imbricating, 
convex, broadly ovate, acuminate bracts, one to one and a 
halt inches long and broad, beautifully veined with red. 
wiL i ' £ u P- sha P ed > strigose ; lobes four, very short 
and broad Corolla nearly three inches long, golden- 
yenow; tube curved, campanulate, and gibbously inflated 
trom a narrow base; limb 2-lipped ; upper lip of 3 short, 
broad rounded recurved lobes ; lower much longer, pro- 
truded, ovary obtuse. Stamens 4, the two anticoSs much 
form g c, 7 Wlth £ lanc,ular filaments. Anthers subreni- 
obovoidf-J D.7. ^ DrUpe nearly an inch lon S' 

4. bafkofamher- 5 vSl^i ^ Btj !f ; 3 ' portion of corolla and stamens; 
AH but 6 more or L; e^S ° f 0Yar ^ 6 > d rupe (W the Herbarium) :- 



INDEX 

To Vol. L. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXX. of 
the whole Work. 



7365 iEschynanthus Hildebrandii. 

7336 „ obconica. 

7386 Aloe Kirkii. 

7349 Amorphophallus Elliotii. 

7337 Barringtonia samoensis. 
7347 Begonia scabrida. 

7358 Campanula excisa. 

7359 Caraguata conifera. 
7364 Colocasia antiquorum. 

7388 Daphne caucasica. 

7371 Dendrobium atroviolaceum. 
7369 Dermatobotrys Saundersii. 

7340 Dyckia Desmetiana. 

7341 Elaeagnus multiflora. 

7389 Erycina echinata. 
7334 Erythroxylon Coca. 

7387 Eulophiella Elizabeth®. 
7374 Fritillaria aurea. 

7363 Gastrochilus Curtisii. 

7391 Gmelina Hystrix. 

7352 Gynerium saccharoides. 

7355 Hillia tetrandra. 

7344 Hippeastnim brachyandrum. 

7362 Houlletia Landsbergi. 

7343 Hydnophytum longiflorum. 

7381 Impatiens auricoma. 

7379 Iris atropurpurea, van atro- 

fusea. 
7333 Kalanchoe marmorata. 
7367 Leptactina Mannii. 
7351 Lowia maxillarioides. 



7368 Neuwiedia Lindleyi. 
7385 Ornithochilus fuscus. 
7354 Osteomeles anthyllidifolia. 
7346 Pelargonium Drummondii. 
7339 Pentarhaphia longiflora. 
7335 Prunus humilis. 
7345 Ptychosperma elegans. 
7361 Rhododendron irroratum. 
7373 „ Schlippenbachii. 

7372 Salvia macrostachya. 
7357 Sansevieria Kirkii. 
7378 Senecio laxifolius. 
7384 Sesbania exasperata. 
7353 „ punicea. 

7376 Sobralia sessilis. 
7332 „ xantholeuca. 
7366 Spathoglottis gracilis. 
7383 Staphylea colchica. 

7382 Sterculia austro-caledonica. 
7390 Strophanthus Petersianus, var. 

grandiflorus. 
7342 Thomsonia napalensis. 
7356 Tigridia violacea. 
7380 Trichocentrum tigrinnm. 
7350 Trichopus zeylanicus. 
7375 Trochodendron aralioides. 

7377 Uraria crinita. 

7370 Veronica amplexicaulis. 
7360 „ anomala. 
7348 „ cupressoides. 
7338 „ lycopodioides. 



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. 7387.— EULOPHIELLA ELIZABETB 

„ 

■)• 
PHANTKUS PETERSIANUS var. 
GRANDIFLOR1 

ovenfc Gardon. 



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