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[., containing 94 Coloured Plates, £3 5s„ cloth; £9 ISs., half morocco. 

BRITISH FUNGI, Phycomycetes and Ustilaginese 





\ i r ■■ 





plants oi tf)€ ftopal (darkens of 2uiu, 




P.B.8., F.L.S.. etc., 



(Or Vol. CXIX. of the Whole Work.) 

" A brave old house ! a garden full of bees, 
Large dropping poppies, and queen hollyhocks *-, 
With butterflies for crowns — tree peonies 
And pinks and goldilocks. 


" Then saunter down that terrace whence the sea 
All lair with wing-like sails you may discern ; 
lie glad, and say, ' This beauty is for me — 
A thing to love and learn.' " 

Jean Ingelow. _ „ ■ 

Mo. Bot. Harden. 

LONDON: I 894 







Palazzo Orengo, La Mortola, Ventimiglia. 

My de&r Hanbury, 

It is no less a duty than a pleasure to offer to you 
the dedication of a Volume of the Botanical Magazine, as 
a tribute to the value of your services to Scientific Horti- 
culture, in creating a garden of Exotic plants at Mentone, 
which, in point of richness and interest, has no rival amongst 
the private collections of living plants in the world ; and 
in munificently founding the " Istituto Botanico Hanbury " 
in the Botanical Gardens of the University of Genoa, the 
early years of which are already so full of promise for the 
future of Scientific Botany in Europe. 

Believe me, 

Dear Mr. Hanbury, 

Sincerely yours, 



i.delJ.K I 


LReeve 6c C? London 

Tab. 7272. 

NEMESIA stkumosa. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. ScrophularinbjE. — Tribe Hemimerideje. 
Genus Nemesia, Vent.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 931). 

Nemesia strumosa ; herbacea, erecta, basi ramosa, caule 4-gono, foliis radicali- 
bus oblongis oblanceolatisve acuminatis remote serratis caulinis lineari- 
bus, racemis multifloris glanduloso-pilosis, bracteis linearibus, floribus 
amplia longe pedicellatis versicoloribus, calycis laciniis linearibus obtnsis, 
corolla basi saccata, limbi lobo inferiore latiore quam longo emarginato 
intus barbato, superiore multo minore 3-lobo lobia oblongis rotundatisve. 

N. strumosa, Benth. in Hook. Gomp. Bot. Maq. vol. ii. p. 1 8 ; in BG. Prodr. 
vol. x. p. 260. Journ. Hort. Soc. Ser. 3, vol. xxv. (1892) p. 107, fig. 16. 
Gard. Chron. (1892) vol. ii. p. 269, fig. 48. 

Antirrhinum strumosum, Soland. in Herb. Banks. 

It is difficult to understand how it has come to pass 
that so beautiful a plant as that here figured should be a 
native of the Cape of Good Hope within fifty miles of Cape 
Town, and should never till now have been introduced into 
this country. I can only suppose that it may have im- 
proved greatly under cultivation in England, and that 
native grown specimens are less attractive ; to which must 
be added the general neglect of Cape of Good Hope plants 
amongst horticulturists, and the apathy in late years of 
collectors in that region ; for whilst beautiful and interest- 
ing novelties are constantly arriving from Port Elizabeth, 
Natal, and the Transvaal, Disa grandiflora seems to be the 
only plant worth sending for to the Cape. Mr. N. E. 
Brown, in his excellent account of this plant (" Gardener's 
Chronicle," 1. c), observes that the variation in colour of 
the flowers is one of its most interesting features. 
Of these variations there are sixteen well marked, exhibit- 
ing an extraordinary range, from white to primrose yellow, 
orange, rose and deep red. In some the colour is nearly 
uniform throughout the upper surface of both lips of the 
corolla, in others of the red or orange series the throat is 

January 1st, 1893. 

more or less sulphur or golden yellow, whilst in a few it 
shows dark bluish spots. The outer surfaces of the tube 
and of the lips are very much paler than the interior, and 
often streaked with red. It is singular that, though the 
species shows such protean hues, the individual plants, in 
so far as has been observed, have all their flowers coloured 
alike. It might have been supposed that cross-fertiliza- 
tion, in a plant so attractive to insects as this must be, 
would have led to the flowers of individual plants differing 
inter se. 

Another curious feature of this plant is that the colours 
of the flowers are retained in perfection during the process 
of drying for the Herbarium, and for at least four months 
afterwards. As an instance, the specimens here figured 
were put into drying paper in the beginning of August 
last, and up to this date (December 8th) they have lost 
none of their brilliancy. On the other hand, of the old 
Herbarium specimens none have retained a trace of their 

N. strumosa has been known to botanists for upwards 
of a century. Mr. E. G. Baker, referring to the materials 
in the British Museum, kindly informs me, that the 
Banksian specimens are from F. Masson, and are labelled 
simply Prom. v. Spei., and named Antirrhinum strumosum 
in Solander's handwriting. The flowers vary much in size. 
There is also a specimen of Thunberg's. In the Kew 
Herbarium there are specimens from Thorn, Zeyher, Drege, 
and Wallich. The specimens here figured were raised 
from seeds procured at Saldanha Bay, by Messrs. Sutton 
and Sons of Reading, who sent them to Kew to be named. 
—J. D. H. 

JTig. 1, Calyx ; 2, corolla ; 3, base of corolla and stamens ; 4, two stamens • 
5, ovary ; 6, young capsnle ; 7, seed -.—all enlarged. 



"Vincent ':• 

I. Reeve &. C London. 

Tab. 7273. 
EPIDENDRUM spondxadum. 

Native of Jamaica and Costa Mica. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^b. Tribe Epidkndbe^. 
Genus Epidendkum, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 528.) 

Epidendbtjm (Osmopbytum) spondiadum; pseudobulbis elongato-fusiformibus 
teretiusculis 1-foliatia, folio Iigalato obtuso, pedauculo brevi crasso erecto 
paucifloro basi vaginis 2 oblongis flavis instructo, bracteis parvis trian- 
gularis s, floribus breviter crasse pedicellatis erectia anreis rubro irrora- 
tis, sepalis lanceolatia acutis, petalis spatbulato-ovatis acutia, labello 
cobimna3 crassse adnato late oordato apieulato disco 2-calloao, capsula 
globoso-oblonga hexaptera. 

E. spondiadum, Beichb.f. in Bot. Zeit. vol. x. (1852) p. 731. 

E. variegatum, Hart in Gard. Ghron. (1886) vol. ii. p. 11 {non Hoolc.). 

I am indebted to Mr. Morris, F.L.S., Assistant-Director 
of Kew, for the following information respecting E. spon- 
diadum : — " This is a rare Orchid in Jamaica, and is 
apparently confined to elevations of about four thousand 
feet in the Blue Mountains. The first specimens were 
gathered in 1881, were cultivated in the Government 
Cinchona Plantations and regarded as a Jamaican form of 
E.' variegatum, from which it is evidently quite different. 
The specimen figured was noticed by me in flower at 
Whitfield Hall, Jamaica, in February, 1891 ; and was 
given me for Kew by Mr. Spencer Heaven. I found it in 
flower at Kew on my return from the West Indies in the 
same year, and it has now (February, 1892) flowered again. 
A note on the self-fertilization of the species (under the 
name of E. variegatum) is given by Mr. Hart, Superintendent 
of the Cinchona Plantations, in the 'Gardener's Chronicle' 
(cited above). The true E. variegatum has not been found 
in Jamaica, in recent years at least, and I am led to doubt 
its occurrence there." With regard to this last statement, 
it is to be observed that Lindley (" Fol. Orchid.") gives 
Jamaica as a habitat for variegatum, misled by a specimen 
labelled as from that country in " Herb. Hook." but 

January 1st, 1893. 

which really came from New Grenada. The true E. 
variegatum, which has green flowers with dark spots, has a, 
very wide distribution from Brazil and Peru to Cuba, if 
indeed all the plants included by Lindley under this name 
are really conspecific. 

Mr. Hart's note above referred to is important ; he finds 
that the lip exerts a pressure on the underside of the 
column whilst the anther is held in its place by the horns 
of the latter. The pollinia during enlargement within the 
anther-case distend laterally inwards, and thus come into 
contact with the stigma. If the lip is displaced it returns 
to its position in contact with the column, with so strong 
a spring that none but a very large insect could effect this.. 
No flower had failed to be fertilized, the anther always 
remaining attached to the column. 

For the identification of the Jamaican plant with E. 
spondiadum, a native of Costa Rica, where it was discovered 
by Warszewicz growing on trees ofSpondias, lam indebted 
to Mr. Rolfe and Mr. Morris, who made a very careful 
examination of its flowers with a solitary one of Reichen- 
bach's type of E. spondiadum which is contained in Lindley' s 
Herbarium. Complete specimens of the latter, with leave^ 
and pseudobulbs, may reveal differences, but there is 
nothing in Reichenbach's description that indicates any. 

The plant here figured was brought from Jamaica by 
Mr. Morris in 1891, and flowered in the Royal Gardens in 
February of last year. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Back of column and base of lip ; 2, front of column and anther 
3, anther case viewed from within : — all enlarged. 




Tab. 7274 
CARALLUMA campanulata. 

Native of Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^;. — Tribe 
Genus Caralltjma, B.'Br.(N.E. Br. in EooJc.Ic.Pl. vol. xx. (Stapel. Barkl. p. 7.) 

Caballttma campanulata ; ramia ascendentibua tetraquetris ad § poll. diam. 
pallide viridibua angulis crenatia, crenis foliia minutia aerratis instrnctis, 
floribua in umbellam terminalem dispositis longiuscule pedicellatis] 
sepalis lanceolatis subaerrulatis, corolla 1 poll. diam. limbo piano velutino' 
nado saturate rubro-brunneo, lobia late ovatis acntis eciliolatis, corona 
exteriore 2-partita segmentis falcatis acutia, interioriB lobis 5 simplicibna 
integria v. 3-dentatia antheraa incumbentibua. 

C. campanulata, N. E. Br. in Gard. Chron. 1892, ii. p. 369, fig. 61. 

Boucerosia campanulata, Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 1287. 

B. umbellata, Thwaites Enum. PL Zeyl. p. 209 ; Trimen Svst. Cat PI Cevlon 
p. 57. * * 

B. umbellata, var.? campanulata, BTook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 77. 

In the Flora of British India, when treating of the 
species of Boucerosia, I found it impossible to describe 
them and those of Garalluma satisfactorily, from the 
fragmentary specimens in the Herbarium, and I stated that 
I was dependent for their characters and limitation mainly 
upon published and unpublished drawings and definitions. 
In respect of B. campanulata, I found that Thwaites, a 
most competent authority, had included it under B. um- 
bellata, not even considering it a variety; but after giving 
due weight to the observations of Wight, who knew both 
species, I thought it a safer course to regard it as a variety, 
giving Wight's characters of the thinner angles of the 
stem and more tubular corolla which wants the brown 
base of umbellata, to which I added that according to 
Herbarium specimens the flowers of campanulata are 
smaller and the lobes of the corona narrower. Since that 
period, now ten years ago, the species of Boucerosia and 
Garalluma have been submitted to a searching examination 
by Mr. N. E. Brown, founded on living specimens, with 
the result that these two genera must be merged into one, 

January 1st, 1893. 

Garallwma t with. thirty-eight species. The genus is scattered 
over an area of the Old World extending from Spain and 
Northern and Southern Africa to Arabia and Northern and 
Western India, twelve species being British Indian. 

Wight gave no habitat of his B. campanulata, nor did he 
know its origin. His drawing was made from a dried 
specimen in his Herbarium, now at Kew, and was in all 
probability received from Ceylon, where (under the name 
of umbellata) Thwaites says it grows on rocks near Korne- 
galle. It is not known from Continental India. 

The plant here figured was received from the Eoyal 
Botanic Gardens of Peradeniya in 1890, and flowered in 
the Succulent House, at Kew, in July, 1892. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1 Portion of angle of stem and leaf ; 2, calyx ; 3, column seen from 
above ; 4, lobe of inner corona ; 5, pollinia :—all greatly enlarged.  

Vincent Brooks Day & 

1 Reeve & ° London. 

Tab. 7275. 


Vae. Pusillum. 
Native of North-West America. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. Tribe Cypripedie^e. 
Genus Cypbipedium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Kook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 634). 

Cypbipedium (Diphyllese) ; caule scapo pedicellisque glanduloso-pilosis, foliis 
elliptico-oblougis rotundatisve obtusis membranaceis subtus parce pilosis, 
floribus subcorymbosis parvulis glabris, bracteis ovarium superantibus 
lanceolatis glabris, sepalis patulis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis extus 
fuseo-purpnreis intus aureis rubro striatis, lateralibus ad apices con- 
natis, petalis sepalis consimilibus, labello stramineo fere globoso sepalis 
dimidio breviore, ore semicirculari, columna brevi, staminodio anguste 
trulliforme subtrilobo ciliolato. 

C. fasciculatum, Kellog ex 8. Wats, in Proc. Am. Acad. vol. xvii. (1882), 
p. 380 ; and in Garden and Florist, vi. p. 90, f. 16. 

Var. pusillum; minus, foliis crassioribus, nervis obscuris. C. pusillum, Bolfe 
in Kew Bullet. No. 69 (Sept. 1892), p. 211; in Gard. Ghron. 1892, vol. 
ii. p. 364. 

A very interesting little species as being the only one of 
the two-leaved section with opposite membranous leaves, 
hitherto discovered, which bears more than one flower. 
Of the other species of this section one alone is American, 
G. acaule, a very widely spread plant in the United 
States and Canada, and which is one of the earlier intro- 
duced exotic orchids, being figured at t. 192 of this work, 
just a century ago. All the others are Asiatic, and in- 
clude C. elegans, Reichb. f. from the borbers of Tibet and 
the Sikkim Himalaya ; G. margaritacei/.m, Franchet, from 
Western China ; 0. Henryi, Rolfe (in Kew Bullet.) from 
Hupeh in China ; G. debile, Reichb. f . from Japan ; and 
the most singular of all, G. japonicum, Thunb., with 
flabelliform leaves having flabellate nerves, a plant more 
deserving of cultivation than any of the preceding. 

G. fasciculatum was discovered on the banks of the 
White Salmon River, above the falls, in Washington 
Territory, by W. N. Suksdorf, in 1880; and has since 
Jutuabt 1st, 1893. 

been found at Prattville, Plumas County, California, by 
Mr. R. M. Austin, and elsewhere in the same state. 

I have sought in vain for other characters than those 
given whereby to distinguish G. pusillum from it. 

The specimens of var. pasittum figured were purchased 
for the Royal Gardens, Kew, at an auction-sale of Messrs. 
Protheroe and Morris, in May of last year, and flowered 
on the 14th of the same month, the flowers, which are 
fragrant, lasting only three days. Specimens have also 
been received from Mr. Elwes, of Colesborne Park, Chel- 
tenham. In neither case was the native country known, 
but there is a report that this was Florida, a most im- 
probable habitat for a mountain plant of the western shore 
of the American continent. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side view of lip and column ; 3, front, and 4, side view 
of column : — all enlarged. 

Ybcertt Brooks Day kSorJmp 

Tab. 7276. 

iris hookebiana. 

Native of the Western Himalaya, 

Nat. Ord. Ieidejg. — Tribe MorjiEjE. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (Benth. et HooJc. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 

Ibis (Pseudevansia) HooJceriana ; rhizoma te breviter repente, f oliis linearibus 
pallide viridibus nervis validis, pedunculo brevi monocephalo f oliis pluri- 
bus vaginantibus praedito, spathas bifloraa valvis oblongo-lanceolatia 
subscariosis ventricosis, pedicello brevi, perianthii tubo breviter producto, 
limbo saturate lilacino, segmentis exterioribus obovato-cuneatis variegatis 
dimidio superiori patulis conspicue barbatis obscure cristatis, interioribus 
angustioribus erectis apice conspicue emarginatis, styli cristia magnis 
deltoideis, filamentis brevibus, fructu parvo oblongo-trigono, seminibus 

I. Hookeriana, Foster in Oard. Ohron. 1887, vol. i. p. 611 ; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. 
Ind. vol. vi. p. 275 ; Baker, Handb. Irid. p. 25. 

Several of the Himalayan Irises belong to the small 
group which I have called Pseudevansia, which differs 
from the true bearded Irises (section Pogoniris) by having 
a well-developed beard down the claw of the three outer 
segments, arising from a rudimentary crest. The present 
species and J. Duthiei, Foster, which was described at the 
same time in the " Gardener's Chronicle," are very nearly 
allied to the widely-spread I. kumaonensis, Wallich, from 
which I cannot distinguish specifically 7. Kingii, Foster 
(Bot. Mag. tab. 6957). The present plant was obtained 
from Lahul by Herr Max Leichtlin, from the Moravian 
missionaries who have done so much to work out the 
botany of that Himalayan province. It was sent by 
Leichtlin to Professor Foster in 1884, and our drawing 
was made from a plant which he flowered in May, 1892, 
the developed leaves being added in July. I have not been 
able to identify it with any of the Indian species in the 
Kew Herbarium. 

Desce. RootstocJe less fleshy than in the bearded Irises. 
Leaves erect, linear, pale green, strongly ribbed, not fully 
developed till long after the flower has faded. Peduncle 
Janttaky 1st, 1893. 

short, simple, nearly hidden by its short sheathing leaves. 
Spathes two-flowered ; valves three, oblong-lanceolate, pale 
green, subscariose, very ventricose ; pedicel short. Ovary 
oblong-trigonous, half an inch long. Perianth-tube slender, 
under an inch long ; limb bright lilac, one and a half or 
two inches long ; outer segments obovate-cuneate, 
spreading from the middle in the expanded flower ; blade 
dark lilac, variegated with paler lilac ; claw whitish, with 
violet veins ; beard of white hairs, tipped with yellow, 
springing from an obscure crest ; inner segments narrower, 
rather shorter, paler, erect, conspicuously emarginate.. 
Style crests large, deltoid. Anthers linear ; filaments short. 
Capsule small, oblong-trigonal, rostrate. Seeds with a 
small but conspicuous aril! ode. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of anther ; 2, back view of anther ; 3, apex of style, with 
cresta : — all enlarged. 



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. 7272.— ' 

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BRITISH FUNGI, Phycoiiiycetes and Ustilaginese, 

J? J* I r V I S II Fl r \(TOLOG\ 






& XN.m*,ckY,h£h. 

"Vi i Lcexit Brooks. D ay & Son .Imp. 

Tab. 7277. 
STEVENSONIA gkandifolia. 

Native of the Seychelle Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Auece^e. 
Genus Stevensonia, Duncan; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 908/. 

Stevensonia grandifoliaj Duncan, Cat. Hort. Mnurit. 87,nomen ; 
Baker Fl. Maurit. 388; J. Smith, Records of the Royal Botanical Garden*, 
Kew, 114 ; Official Guide to the North Gallery, Kew, Ed. 5, Nog. 467, 470, 
478, 495. 

Phcenicophorium sechellarum, IT- Wendl. in Illustr. Ilortic. vol. xii. p. 433 
(young plant) and Misc. 5 ; Kerchove, Les Palmier s, p. 327. 

Areca eechellarum, Sort. 

Astrocaryum Borsignianum and aureo-pictum, Sort. 

The Seychelle Islands are, for their area, quite unique in 
respect of the number of endemic genera and species of 
Palms which they contain, all their species being in this 
category, as are all the genera but one, Aeanthqphcenios, 
which is otherwise confined to the Mauritian group of 
islands. Moreover, these endemic genera, of which there 
are five, are all of them monotypic ; they are the famous 
•* Double Cocoa nut," Lodoicea sechellarum, Labill. (see 
Tab. 2734-8 of this work), the nearest ally of which is the 
Borassus fiagellifer, Linn., a native of tropical Africa, and 
abundant (though doubtless introduced) in India. The 
remainder all belong to the large tribe of Arecese ; namely, 
Nephrosperma van Houtteana^ Balf. f. ; Boscheria melano- 
chcetes, Wendl., the "Latanier Hanbaum," of the islanders ; 
Verschaffeltia splendida, Wendl., the "Latte"; and the 
subject of this plate, the " Latanier feuille." The 
endemic Amnthophamix is the Deckenia alba, Wendl., 
which Mr. Home, the late Government Botanist in the 
Mauritius, informs me is referable to the first-named 
genus, and will therefore bear the name of Acantho- 

FlBfcUAJLT 1ST, 1S93. 

pharniz alba, Home ; it is the " Clioux Palmiste " of the 

The Island of Mauritius, with its dependency Rodriguez, 
contains more endemic species of Palms than the Seychelles 
do, but fewer genera, namely, nine species under four 
genera, two of them under Acanthophcenix, which genus, as 
before observed, is common to the Seychelles. 

The history of the introduction of Stevensonia is thus 
given by the late J. Smith, for many years Curator of the 
Royal Gardens, Kew : — " This fine Palm was discovered on 
Round Island, one of the Seychelle group, by Mr. J. 
Duncan, Director of the Mauritius Botanic Gardens. It 
was growing in marshy places. In 1855 he sent three 
plants to Kew under the name of Latania aurea, but after- 
wards finding it to be a distinct genus, he gave it the name 
of Stevensonia, in compliment to the then Governor of ' 
Mauritius, who favoured his botanical excursions to tbe 
different islands. In 1857 Mr. Wendland, Director of the 
Royal Gardens Herrenhausen, Hanover, visited Kew, and 
was anxious to obtain a plant of this rare Palm ; I had 
marked one of the plants for him, and on taking him to 
the nursery pits to show it to him, it was not to be found. 
This led to a strict inquiry, and it was found that it had 
been stolen by a German gardener then employed in the 
Gardens, and it afterwards appeared in a private garden in 
Berlin ; and some years ago I heard that it had grown to 
be a fine plant. Mr. Wendland, being a writer on Palms, 
set aside the name Stevensonia, and substituted for it 
Phcenicophorium, which means the thief Palm, which I 
consider was not justified, and also that it was a very 
undigified name for such a noble Palm, and founded on 
such an ignoble circumstance." The name Stevensonia 
had from the first been retained in all the "Kew Guides," as 
it was in 1877 by Balfour in Baker's "Flora of Mauritius," 
with the observation that " the name Phcenicophorium . . • 
invented for the purpose of commemorating the disgraceful 
fact of this Palm having been stolen from Kew by a 
foreign employe should surely be suppressed; " and it is so 
in the " Genera Plantarum," published in 1883. 

Stevensonia is common in all the Islands of the Seychelle 
group, attaining a height of forty to fifty feet ; the species 
here figured is probably one of the original plants men- 

tioned above, and had attained twelve feet before flowering, 
which it did for the first time in September of last year, 
in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens. The plant is in 
its mature state wholly destitute of spines, whereas in the 
young state the deep orange-red petioles are clothed with 
black needle-like spines one to three inches long, and the 
young leaves are orange beneath and mottled with orange 
brown spots above. The difference in these respects 
between the old and young plants is so great that Mr. 
Watson observes that it is hardly credible that they 
form but one species. 

Desge. Trunk slender, at first clothed with long spines, 
at length unarmed, ringed, dark brown, twenty-two inches 
in girth, twelve feet high to the base of the lowest sheath, 
and to the top of the foliage twenty-four feet. Leaves 
spreading and recurved, blade seven feet long by six broad, 
cuneate-obovate or oblong, shortly bifid, deeply laciniate 
on the margin from a quarter to one-third way down 
between numerous nerves, pale green above when old, of a 
bright coppery orange when young beneath, and bright 
red-brown when dying ; laciniae ensiform, acutely un- 
equally two to four-fid at the apex, many nerved ; midrib 
slender, bearing here and there linear horizontal brown 
peltate scales one-third to one-half inch long ; petiole three 
feet long and costa semiterete, gradually narrowed into 
a sheath two to three feet long, which is hoary, scaly and 
spiny when young. Spadix three to six feet long, axillary, 
ovoid, laxly branched, golden yellow, as are the flowers ; 
branches one to one and a half feet long, slender, erecto- 
patent, tumid at the base, clothed throughout with flowers. 
Peduncle one and a half to three feet long. Spathes two, 
lower twelve to eighteen inches long, persistent, bristly, 
upper two to three and a half feet, clavabe, woody, 
deciduous. Flowers ternate, a female between two males, 
or the uppermost on the branches male. Male fl. a quarter 
inch broad when expanded ; sepals imbricate, minute, 
reniform ; petals ovate-lanceolate, acute, valvate, coria- 
ceous. Stamens fifteen to twenty, inserted at the base of 
the perianth, filaments subulate, anthers linear, base deeply 
cleft. Fem.fl. minute, globose, somewhat enlarged after 
flowering; sepals orbicular, concave, coriaceous, broadly 
imbricating; petals larger, orbicular, imbricate, with short 

valvate tips. Ovary ovoid, two-celled, stigma sessile trifid, 
ovule parietal. Drupe small, flattened on one side, about 
a third of an inch lorjg ; stigma subbasilar ; mesocarp thin, 
fibrous ; endocarp crustaceous. Seeds ovoid, ascending, 
raphe loosely reticulate ; albumen deeply ruminate ; 
embryo subbasilar. — J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Peltate scales from under-surface of leaf; 3, portion of 
branch of spadix with male and iem. flowers; 4, male fl. ; 5, the same laid 
open ; 6, stamen ; 7, portion of branch of spadix and fern. fl. ; 8, young male 
fl. ; 9, portion of branch of spadix and fern. fl. ; 10, ovary and staminodes : — 
all greatly enlarged. 


Vincent Brooks. Day & Son Imp 

L: Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 7278. 

Native of Mexico, Central America and Trinidad, 

Nat. Ord. Kubiaces. — Tribe Muss^ende.e. 
Genus Coccocypselum, P. Br. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 73.) 

Coccocypseltjm hirsutum ; undique patentim hirsutum, caulibus prostratis dein 
adscendentibus, foliis longiuscule petiolatis lateovatis ovato-rotundatiave 
obtusis v. subacutis basi rotundatis supra convexia viridibua nervis 
numerosia impressis subfcus purpurascentibua nervia validis, stipulia 
setaceis, pedunculia petiolis longioribus, capitulis 6-8-rIoris, floribus aes- 
silibus, bracteis calyci subrequilongis, calycis denfcibus lineari-lanceolatia 
erectis, corolla pallide violacea tubo calyce duplo longiore, lobis oblongis, 
bacca ellipsoidea saturate violacea hirsuta calycis deutibus subulatis 
coronata, seminibus papillosis. 

C. birsutum, Bart 1. in Herb. Haenke, ex DC. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 396; Benth. in 
Vidensk. Meddil. Kibbenhavn (1852) p. 51; Walp. Ann. vol. v. p. 133. 

C. repens, E. Morren, Belg. Hoy tic. vol. x. (1860) p. 194, t. xiii., xiv., fig. 3-5 
(non Swartz). 

C. discolor, Hort. 

Coccocypselum hirsutum has been cultivated for many- 
years at Kew, latterly under the name of C. discolor, and 
was probably received from Trinidad at an early period. 
In 1860 it was figured by Morren in the Belgique Horti- 
cole, probably from specimens sent from Kew, as C. repens, 
Sw., a totally different species, described by Swartz as 
having pubescent leaves, a very short flowering peduncle 
and subsessile axillary flowers. To add to this source of 
confusion, the habitats of G. repens, Jamaica and San 
Domingo, taken from De Candolle, are attributed to 
hirsutum, which has never been found in either locality. 
The latter is a native of Mexico, Costa Rica, and Trinidad, 
and probably other places in the Spanish Main. It 
flowers in the Royal Gardens at most seasons, and its 
beautiful leaves are very persistent. Mr. Watson grows it 
in baskets suspended from the roof of a stove, where it 
forms a very attractive object, from the colour of the stems 

Februaky 1st, 1893. 

and leaves. It is the second species figured in this work, 
the first being C. campanuliflorum (Hedyotis campanuli- 
flora, Hook., Tab. 2840). About twenty others have been 
described, all natives of tropical America. The genus 
hardly differs from Hedgotis except in the baccate fruit. — 
J. D.H. 

Fig. 1, Flowera with the corolla removed ; 2, corolla laid open ; 3 and 4, 
stamens; 5, ovary laid open; 6, aeed :— all enlarged. 


JokrLAUeiv ael.J.N.H.tsh.'hih. 

Vincent Br oolss. Day & 5on,.Irog. 

r\C\ r __ 

Tab. 7279. 
MAMMILLARIA peismatica. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Cacte.e. Tribe Echinocacteji. 
Genus Mammillaeia, Haw. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 84). 

Mammillaeta (Anhalonium) prismatica ; acanlis, tuberculis radicalibus 1 poll, 
latis spiraliter imbricatis crusta cartilaginea tenui opace glauco obductis 
late deltoideis obtasis v. retusis marginibus rotundatis, superioribus basi 
foliaceo-applanatia superne incrassatis trigonis acutis deltoideo retusis 
integerrimis apicibus in plantis juvenculis (rarissime in maturis) pul- 
verigeris, axillis lanatis, floribus terminalibus basi lana copiosa velatis. 

M. (Anhalonium) prismatica, Hemsl. in Biol. Centr. Amer. Bot. vol. i. p. 519 
(excl. citat.). 

M. aloides, Monv. Gat. 1846, ex Labour. Monog. Cact. p. 153. 

M. (Anhalonium) retusa, Mittl. Man. Amat. Cact. p. 11, ex Labour I. c. 

Anhalonium prismaticum, Lem. Gact. Eort. Monv. 1839, p. 1 ; in Hortic. 
TJnivers. t. 30 ; in Berlin Gartenz. (1835), p. 541, fig. 126 ; Les Gactees, 
p. 41 ; Lahouret. Monog. Cact. (1847), p. 153 ; Salm. Dyck. Cact. Hori 
Dyck. pp. 5, 77. 

A. retusum, Salm Dyck. I. c. p. 5. .*- ^ 

Ariocarpus retusus, Scheidw. in. Bull. Acad. Brux\ vi. (1839), p. 88 ; in Sortie 
Belg. (1838)), p. 377 ; et in Ann. Sc. Nat. vol. x. (1838), p. 125. 

The genus Anhalonium, founded by Lemaire (Cact. Gen. 
Nov. and sp. Hort. Monv. p. 1) in 1839, on certain species 
of Mammillaria with naked tubercles, and the flowers 
formed on the terminal tubercles, was reduced by Engel- 
mann, the most learned author on Gactese, to a section of 
the latter genus, in his account of the species of the Order 
collected duriog the progress of the United States and 
Mexican boundary survey under the command of Lieut- 
Col. Emory. Under the only species there described, M. 
fissurata, Engelm., p. 18, t. 17, Dr. Engelmann says of 
the Anhalonia : " These very curious plants, some of them 
looking more like some Aloe than like a Cactus, can never- 
theless not be separated from Mammillaria. The seed is 
the only part of the organs of fructification which seems 
to me to offer any character, by having a hard roughly 
tubercled testa in ours, as well as in another Mexican 
species which I had the opportunity to examine. Our species 

Febecaet 1st, 1893. 

(and probably all the others) have the flower and fruit 
sessile upon the lower part of the tubercle, and elevated 
above the axil, much as in M. macromeris ; bat unlike that 
plant, the lower part of the tubercle is entirely distinct 
from the upper one." 

The species represented on Plate 7279 a good deal 
resembles that of Engelmann's M.fissurata, but is a very 
much larger plant, the tubercles are not so ovate, are 
perfectly smooth (not warted and fissured), and the 
perianth is larger and longer. 

As the propriety of adopting the specific name (M. 
prismatica) here employed may be traversed from being 
founded on an erroneous citation of Lemaire's Horc. Univ., 
I should add, that I think it has better claim for adoption 
than the earlier of M. retusa and M. aloides, as being more 
significant, as the first given to the species, and as being 
everywhere recognized where Cacti have been growing or 
studied for upwards of half a century. 

About a dozen species of Mammillaria have been re- 
ferred to Anhalonium, all natives of Andean regions, from 
Northern Mexico, southward to Peru. M. prismatica was 
discovered in 1838 by Galeotti, near San Louis de Potosi, 
in Mexico, at an elevation of seven thousand to eleven 
thousand feet. The specimen here figured flowered in the 
Succulent House of the Royal Gardens in September, 1889, 
when the flowers were,' as represented, pure white ; but 
they are described as rose-coloured by Salm Dyck. The 
specimen was purchased from C. Runge, of St. Antonio, 
Texas, in 1888.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, petal: — both slightly enlarged. 


Alncent Brooks lay & 6 

Tab. 7280. 
TKITONIA rosea. 

Native of the Gape Colony and Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^e. — Tribe Giadiole.e. 
Genus Tritonia, Ker ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 708). 

Tkitoni a rosea ; cormo globoso tunicis fibrosis, f oliis basalibus 5-6 linearibus 
glabris elongatis, caule elato gracili tereti saspissime profunde furcato. 
spicis laxis 6-8-floris subsecnndis, spathse valvis insequalibus, exterior, 
majori oblongo scarioso interiori minori membranaceo tricuspidatoi 
perianthio roseo tubo brevi infundibulari lobis oblongis tubo 2-3-plo 
longioribus 3 inferioribus ore flavo maculato, starainibas perianthio duplo 

T. rosea, Klatt in Linnsea, vol. xxxii. p. 760. Baker Handb. Irid. p. 194. 

Montbretia rosea, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 169. 

These Tritonias are more like Ixias in habit than 
Gladioli, and they have the same short scariose spathe- 
valves, but they differ from Ixia and Sparaxis in their uni- 
lateral stamens. Tritonia is a genus of twenty-six species, 
but we seldom see any of them in cultivation, except 
T. crocata (Ixia crocata, Bot. Mag., tab. 184) and T. 
Pottsii (Bot. Mag., tab. 6722). The present plant has a 
range extending through the eastern provinces of the Cape 
Colony from Uitenhage northward to Natal. It has been 
in cultivation for many years, and at Kew is found to 
stand the winter when planted in an open border facing 
the south. Our drawing was made from a plant that 
flowered at Kew in September, 1891. 

Descr. Gorm globose, about an inch in diameter ; outer 
tunics brown, formed of matted parallel fibres. Basal 
leaves five or six, linear, erect, glabrous, firm, green, one 
or two feet long, with thick straw-coloured ribs and edges. 
Stem slender, terete, overtopping the leaves, usually deeply 
forked. Spikes lax, subsecund ; outer spathe-valves 
oblong, scariose, a quarter of an inch long ; inner smaller, 

February 1st, 1893. 

membranous, bicuspidate. Perianth rose-red ; tube funnel- 
shaped, as long as the spathe ; lobes oblong, obtuse, nearly 
an inch long, the three lower with a spade-shaped yellow 
blotch at the throat. Stamens not more than half as long 
as the perianth, anthers linear. Style just overtopping 
the anthers, branches spreading. Capsule small, oblong- 
trigonous. — J. G. Baker. 

Ficr. 1, The stamens; 2, a single anther; 3, pistil, with inner spathe -valve : 
— all enlarged. 

«.S.deL,J.N.Fit c K J litk. 

L.xleeve *C°Loi\dop 

'Vincent Brooks Day & Son, Imp. *' 

Tab. 7281. 


Native of Equador. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. Tribe Vande^e. 
Genus Trichopilia, Lindl. ; (Benth. et Rook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 559.) 

Trichopilia sanguinolenta ; pseudobulbis ovoideis laavibus, folio petiolato 
ovato- v. lineari-oblongo subacuto, pedunculo folio breviore robusto 
1-floro yaginis 3 tubulosis elongatis instructo, sepalis petalisque lineari- 
oblongis subacutis flavo-olivaceis fusco-sanguineo maculatis, labello 
oblongo apice bifido lobis divaricatis, lateribus erectis crispatis albidis 
marginibus sanguineo transverse striolatis, disco carnoso albido basi 
2-calloso velutino, ima basi 2-auriculato, auricnlis aureis erosis columnar 
lateribus adnatis, columna tereti, clinandrio dorso fimbriato. 

T. sanguinea, Reichb.f. Xen. Orchid, vol. ii. p. 106, t. 131. 

Helcia sanguinea, Lindl. Bot. Reg. vol. xxxi. (1845), misc. p. 17 ; in Paxt. Fl. 
Gard. vol. ii. p. 97, fig. 182 ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 682. 

Trichopilia sanguinolenta, though long known in cultiva- 
tion, has never been re-found in a native state since its 
discovery by Hartweg in the Andes of Ecuador, half a 
century ago ; and the only native specimen in existence is 
Hartweg's, preserved in Lindley's Herbarium (now at 
Kew). From it Lindley made the drawing published in 
the form of a wood-cut in Paxton's Magazine, as Helcia 
sanguinolenta, which fairly represents the plant (consider- 
ing that it was made from a dried specimen), though the 
sepals are shorter broader and more obovate than in either 
the original specimen or in that now figured. The genus 
Helcia was founded on an erroneous view of the insertion 
of the lip, the basal lobes of which Lindley supposed to be 
free from the column, and not, as they really are, adnate to 
it. This was pointed out first by Reichenbach, in his Xenia 
Orchidacea, where he gives a very inaccurate representation 
of the plant, omitting the sheaths on the peduncle (which 
he describes as naked), and adding analyses that are little 
better than caricatures. The sepals and petals are repre- 
sented as green, obtuse, with large rings of brown, and the 
lip as stained in the middle and sides with violet streaks 

February 1st, 1898. 

and spots. The figure is no doubt chiefly made up from 
cut specimens of flowers with the top of the peduncle 
above the uppermost sheath, procured from Consul Schiller, 
and from memory for colours. 

T. sanguinolenta has been for many years in cultivation 
at Kew, and as in other orchid establishments, no doubt 
owes its parentage to the original specimen sent to the 
Royal Horticultural Gardens by Hartweg in 1845. It 
flowers in the cool Orchid House in January. The leaves 
vary much in form and size, and the lip somewhat in form. 
In a specimen from Kew, preserved in the Herbarium, in 
February, 1878, the leaf is linear-oblong, seven inches 
long by one and a half broad, with a petiole nearly an 
inch long, the peduncle is six inches long, and the terminal 
third of the lip is much broader and more obscurely lobed. 
—J. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Base of lip and column, side view; 2, front view of the aame; 
3, pollinium .- — all enlarged. 











jN t o. 5?9. 

1 278 



189 3. 

Floral Exhibitions 

Special Floral Fete.— 
Evening* Fete. 12 p.m. 

Musical Promenade 

Lectures. — 

BRITISH FUNGI, Phycomycetes and Ustilaginese, 

J S Tt I m I S 1^ F" xj IS GOL O Ci ^ 





LRaevft & C° London. 

Vij-icenlBrooks,Day & 

Tab. 7282. 


Native of India. 

Nat. Ord. Aeoide^:. Tribe Called. 
Genus EHAPniDOPnoBA, Schott. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 992.) 

Ehaphidophora decursiva ; alte scandens, foliis oblongis pinnatisectis seg- 
mentis utrinque 12-16 subasqualibus lineari-oblongis oblique acuminatis 
v. cuspidatis rectis v. sursum curvis 1-2-costatis et nervis 1-2 utrinque 
percursis, petiolo gracili basi vaginante, pedunculo petiolo multo breviore 
et crassiore, spatha 8-pollicari cyblndracea longe acuminata demum 
fulva base subtruncata, spadice cylindraceo diam. pollicis, ovario pris- 
matio vertice truncato, stylo couico, stigmate disoiforme. 

E. decursiva, Schott in Bonpland. vol. v. (1857), p. 45 ; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 
p. 385 i Engl, in DG. Monog. Phanerog. vol. ii. p. 247. 

E. grandis, Schott. in (E»tr. Bot. Zeitschr. viii. (1858) p. 349 ; Prodr. Synt. 

Aroid. p. 386. 
E. eximia, Schott. in Bonpland. v. (1857) 45 ; Prodr. 387. 
Scindapsus decursivus, Schott. Sf Endl. Meletem. vol. i. p. 21 ; Kunih. Ewwtn. 

PI. vol. iii. p. 62 ; Wight Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 779 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. 

iii. p. 186 ; Thwaitee Enum. PI. Zeylan. p. 336 ; Ender. Ind. Aroid. p. 73. 
Monstera decursiva, Schott in Wien. Zeitschr. vol. iv. (1830) p. 1028. 
M. multijuga & trijuga, C. Koch, ex Ender. Ind. Aroid. 73. 
Potbos decursiva, Boxb. Fl. Ind. vol. i. p. 436 ; Wall. PL As. Bar. vol. ii. p. 83, 

t. 192. 

The bole of a great tree in an Indian forest clothed for 
many feet upwards in this gigantic climber, is one of the 
most striking objects that the vegetable kingdom displays. 
Its great trunk, as thick as the arm, hidden by the leaves, 
sends out innumerable strong horizontal roots like whip- 
cords that adhere closely to the bark of its supports, and 
the glossy green leaves, from their abundance and pendulous 
position, otten completely hide the latter. I shall never 
forget the first occasion on which I saw this noble Aroid. 
I was skirting the edge of the magnificent forest that then 
clothed the base of the Sikkim Himalaya (now, I believe, 
replaced by tea plantations); twilight had just commenced, 
and I had scarcely realized the scene, when the Cicadas 
burst into full cry (it is impossible to call it song) with 
Maech 1st, 1893. 

startling effect, sound and scene combining to herald my 
advance into, to me, a new world of interest and botanical 

B. decursiva has a very extensive range in India, com- 
mencing in the Eastern Himalaya, probably in Eastern 
Nepal ; it follows that range into Assam, the Khasia and 
other hills of Eastern Bengal, ascending to about four 
thousand feet. I find no record of its existence in Burma 
and the Malayan Peninsula, nor in Central India or the 
Western Ghats, but it reappears in Ceylon at an elevation 
of two thousand to four thousand feet, and, according to 
Mi quel, it is a native of Java. 

The figure here given is from a plant in the Palm House 
of Kew, that has attained a height of about thirty feet ; 
clothing the trunk of a large Livistona, which was in all 
probability obtained from the Royal Botanic Gardens of 
Calcutta.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, stamen ; 3, ovary ; 4, vertical, and 5, transverse section, 
of ditto ; 6, ovule : — all enlarged; 7, leaf, one-fifth of the natural size. 


M.S. del. J. KFitctai-tix 

\fincentBroc arv&np 

Tab. 7283. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide-E. — Tribe Epidendre^. 
Genus Bulbophyllum, Thou. ; {Benin, et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 501.) 

Bulbophylium (Racemosas) comosum ; pseudobulbis magnie globoso-ovoideis 
sulcatia, foliis birds proter-anthiis pseudobulbo immaturo evolutis cito 
caducis lineari-oblongis, scapo basi pseudobulbi maturi evoluto valido 
erecto 2-3-vaginato, racemo deflexo cylindraceo multi-densifloro, floribua 
breviter pedicellatis pallide stramineis, bracteia lanceolatia pedicello 
superantibua, aepalis subaaqualibus e basi ovata subulatia (doraali an- 
gustiore) byalinis pilis cellulosis villosia, petalis parvulis lineari-oblongis 
acatia 1-nerviis, labello breviter stipitato lanceolato recnrvo, columna 

B. comosum, Collett Sf Hemsl. in SooJc.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. v. p. 762; et in 
Journ. Lind. Soc. vol. xxviii. (1890) p. 130, t. 19. 

A very remarkable species of a genus which presents 
species differing extremely in habit, inflorescence, and 
flowers. It is one of the few in which the pseudo- 
bulb bears two leaves, and this when in a very young 
state. The leaves are more membranous than is usual in 
the genus, and fall away long before the maturing of the 
pseudobulb, which latter takes place before the develop- 
ment of the flowering scape from its base. In this respect 
it resembles the growth of B. hirtum, Lindl., of the Hima- 
laya ; of B. gracile, Par. et Beichb. f . ; and of the 
singular B. lemniscatum, Parish (Tab. 5961). In the 
genus Cirrhopetalum the same habit of leafing and flower- 
ing is repeated in the Himalayan G. refractinn, Zoll., 
C. viridiflorum, Hook, f., and C. Blepharistes, Eeichb. f. 
In fact, these seven species might form a natural group or 
subgenus of the enlarged genus Bulbophyllum if were ex- 
pedient to follow Reichenbach in uniting Cirrhopetalum 
with it ; and all the more natural a one because in the 
length of its dorsal sepal G. viridijJorum is one of the few 

March 1st, 1893. 

species of the latter genus which shows a transition to the 
former. Probably there may be other species of both 
genera showing the same characters, but until far better 
materials of both are available it would be rash to found 
sectional characters on either foliage or flowers. 

B. comosum was discovered by General Sir H. Oollett, 
K.C.B. (when serving during the Burmese war), at 
Muktela, in the Shan Hills, at an elevation of six thousand 
feet, along with the beautiful Cirrhopetalum Gollettii, 
figured at t. 7198. General Oollett sent living plants to 
Kew in 1889, and others (I believe from the same source) 
have been received from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Cal- 
cutta, in 1890. Of the latter the one here figured flowered 
in January of the present year and formed new leaves in 
the following July. 

The hairs of the sepals which were figured and described 
in the Linnasan Journal from dried specimens as unicellular, 
are multicellular, as in fig, 2 of our plate.—/. D. E. 

1 S'l 1 ' v l0Wer ! ™} h the t; P s of the se P als recurved; 2, hair from the same; 
a/Sw mn; 4 ' fron t™wof column; 5, anther; 6, pollinia :- 

all enlarged 


Tab. 7284. 
arundina bambusaefolia. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidejE. — Tribe Epidendreje. 
Genus Arundina, Blume ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 521). 

Arttndina bambusaefolia; caulibus casspitosis gracilibua, foliia linearibas 8-12 
poll, longis ^-1 poll, latis, racemo laxifloro, floribus roseis, sepalis oblongis 
acutia, petalis late obovatia acuminatia, labelli ampli lobis saturate roseis 
crispato-lobulatis lateralibus brevibua, terminali 2-fido lobis rotunda tis, 
disco 3-lamellato, capsula 2-2 £ pollicari. 

A. bambusaefolia, Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 3751; Gen. & Sp. Orchid, p. 125 ; 
in Bot. Beg. 1841, Misc. p. 2 ; in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. iii. p. 22 ; Wight 
Ic. PL Lid. Or. t. 1661 ; Griffith, Notul. vol. iii. p. 329, 331 ; Ic. PL 
Asiat. t. 314 ; Williams, Orchid. Album, t. 139 ; Veitch Man. Orchid. 
pt. vi. p. 77 ; Hook. f. FL Brit. 2nd. vol. v. p. 857. 

Cymbidium bambuaaefolium, Boxb. Fl. Lnd. vol. iii. p. 460. 

Bletia graminifolia, Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 29. 

Limodorum graminifolium, Buck. Ham. mss. ex Don, 1. c. 

I think that this is quite the most beautiful terrestrial 
orchid of Northern India, and I know of no more attractive 
picture of its kind, than a patch of grass land in the 
Khasia Hills, adorned with clumps of it in full flower. It 
is a very variable plant, and of wide distribution in India, 
extending from Nepal to the Khasia Hills and Chittagong, 
and it no doubt occurs in the Burmese Hills, though not 
as yet brought from thence. According to Wight, it is a 
native of Ceylon and Malabar, that author adding that his 
figure (t. 1661) was taken from a Ceylon specimen, but the 
identical specimen is contained in his Herbarium now at 
Kew, and is marked as from Assam (Griffith) ; and there 
is no evidence of its being a Malabar plant. It is, however, 
recorded as Javanese. There is indeed a closely allied 
Ceylon species, A. minor, Lindl., which is more nearly 
allied to the Chinese and Himalayan A. chinensis, but is a 
much smaller plant, with yellow on the petals and tube of 
the lip, and a much smaller capsule. A fourth species is 
A. <Jmm, Lindl. (Bot. Beg. vol. xxviii. t. 38, A. densiflora, 

March 1st, 1893. 

by error, in ]fl. Brit. Ind.), a native of the Malayan 
Peninsula, with more crowded flowers of a much duller 
colour. It is possible that these four species may all prove 
to be forms of one. A fifth, A. revoluta (Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. 
v. p. 858), from Perak, in the Malayan Peninsula, appears 
to be different from any of the above ; it has short recurved 
leaves with strongly revolute margins, white sepals and 
petals with light red tips, and the lip yellow within with 
purple lobes tipped with blue. 

A. bambusaefolia attains an exceptional height of seven 
feet amongst long grass, and its stem the thickness of the 
thumb at the base ; its raceme is sometimes branched. The 
figure is made from a plant in the collection of F. Wigan, 
Esq., of Clare Lodge, Bast Sheen, which flowered in 
October of last year. Mr. Watson informs me that at 
Kew it flowers in November and December, and that the 
flowers are very fugacious. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Side and two front views of column ; 3, anther ; 4 and 5, pollinia :— - 
all enlarged. 

I iWk,lrti\ 

VincertlBrooks,DayS , 

1, Reeve & ! ' 

Tab. 7285. 
ANTIKRHINUM glutinosum. 

Native of Spain. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophuxarineje. Tribe Antirrhine.». 
Genus Antirrhinum, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 934). 

Antirrhinum (Antirrhinastrum) glutinosum; perenne, prostratum, glanduloso- 
pilosum, ramis fragillimis, foliis alternis breviter petiolatis elliptico- 
oblongis -ovatisve obtusis utrinque pilosis, sensiru in bracteis abeuntibns, 
floribus majusculjs axillaribus erectis modice pedicellatis, calycis seg- 
mentis oblongo-linearibus glandulis seseilibus et stipitatis obsessis, 
corollas albse tubo piloso limbo seqnilongo, limbi labio superiore erecto 
bilobo rnbro striolato, inferiore paulo latiore, palato magno prominente 
2-fido lobulis apice aureis, ovario strigoso, capsula viscida apice subin- 
curva calycem superante. 

A. glutinosnm, Boiss. & Reut. Pugill. PI. Nov. 1852, p. 82 (non Brotero). 

A. molle, Boiss. Toy. Esp. 747 (jpartim). 

A. hispanicum, Webb It. Misp.; Benth in DC. Prod. vol. x., p. 291 ex parte 
(non Chav. Monog). 

The geographical distribution of the genus Antirrhinum 
is one of the most remarkable of the vegetable kingdom, 
and as far as I am aware it has not hitherto been brought 
to notice. Of about fifty-six well-determined species 
more than half are European, most of them confined to 
the western half of the continent, the Spanish Peninsula 
having ten, which are all but peculiar to itself. Three only- 
are found as far East as Asia Minor, Syria, and Arabia 
respectively, and one, the English A. Orontium, reaches 
North- Western India as a weed of cultivation.* With 
the exception of two South African species, all the rest, 
twenty-three in number, are restricted to Western-North 
America, and almost exclusively to California. None 
inhabit the Eastern United States, Canada, Mexico proper, 
or South America. It might have been expected that the 

> * Mr. Hemsly informs me that the common Snapdragon, .4. majus, is found 
in China, but doubtless as a cultivated plant. 

March 1st, 1893. 

very closely allied genus Linaria, separated from Antirr- 
hinum by the apparently trivial character of the sac of 
the base of the corolla of the latter being extended in the 
former into a spur, would have followed the same distri- 
bution. But it is not so. Linaria, of which there are 
about two hundred species, has only one North American 
representative, L. canadensis, which is common to the 
Eastern and Western States, and extends southward 
into Chili. In the Old World the genus attains its maxi- 
mum in Southern Europe and Northern Africa, reaching 
the northern tropic in the latter continent, and the 
Himalaya in Asia. 

Antirrhinum glutinosum is confined to the Sierra Nevada 
of Spain, where it is found on the walls of the Alhambra, 
and ascends to two thousand five hundred feet and upwards 
in the Sierra. Its nearest ally is P. molle of the Pyrenees, 
from which it differs in its long decumbent branches, 
glandular hairs, and larger broader leaves. It must not 
be confounded with A. glutinosum, Brotero (Linaria fili- 
folia, Lag.), also a Spanish plant, which under its original 
name (of Antirrhinum) has escaped the notice of later 
botanists. The specimen figured was received at the 
Royal Gardens from Messrs. Backhouse, of York, in July, 
1892. It is a perennial, and requires the protection of a 
frame in winter. — J. D. K 

Fig. 1, Calyx and ovary ; 2, base of corolla-tubes and stemens ; 3, anther ; 
4, ovary : — all enlarged. ' ' 



M.S,del JKH.tA.litK 

Vin.cen.tBroote,Da.y &.San Irap. 

Reeve &.C°Lan.dun. 

Tab. 7286. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe Epidendre^e. 
Genus Bulbophyllttm, Thou.; (Benth. et Book./. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 501,. 

Bulbophtllum (Racemosae) Pecliei; pseudobulbis ovoideis angulatis, folns 
lineari-oblongis lanceolatisve obtusis subtus punctulatis, scapo pseudo- 
bulbo longiore valido decurvo spathis tubulosis mfundibulanbus supra 
medium laxe vaginato, racemis elongatis sub densiflons, floribua cupreo- 
rubiginosis, bracteis ovaria aequantibus, sepalo dorsali oblongo-ovato 
obtuso lateralibus oblique ovatis acutis dimidio breviore, petahs triangu- 
laribus aristatis, labeili rubiginosi oblongi aunculis mcurvis apice 
truncatis et denticulatis, columnse apice bicuspidatae cuspidibus margme 

B. Pechei, Bull Cat. 1891 (in Gard. Chron. 1891, voli. p. 676, reimpr.) 

B. Pechei belongs to a natural but puzzling group of the 
genus, natives chiefly of the Eastern Himalaya and Burma, 
which I have characterized in the Flora of British India 
(vol. v. p. 760) by the base of the lip having on each side 
a large incurved auricle. The type of the group, if by 
this term is to be understood the first published species, 
is B. Garetjanum, Spreng., the Anisopetalum Gareyanum ot 
"Hooker's Exotic Flora," t. 149 (not B. Gareyanum of 
this work, t. 4166, which is B. crassipes, mihi), a native 
of the tropical Himalaya, from Nepal eastwards, the 
Khasia Hills, and of Burma. Of this plant I have said, 
in the Flora of British India, that I found it impossible to 
conclude from Herbarium specimens whether there might 
not be more than one species included under this name, and 
amongst them the var. ochracea (B. cuprewm t t. 5316 of 
this work) ; as also whether B. crassipes and B. sicyobulbon, 
Reichb. f., are really distinct from it. To this dilemma 
B. Pechei adds another element, for though presenting 
most of the characters of all the above it also presents 
minute differential ones. It is nearest to B. Gareyanum, 

March 1st, 1893. 

with which it agrees in the pseudobulbs, in the narrow 
leaves, long dense-flowered raceme, short bracts, forms of 
sepals and petals, and approximately in the colour of the 
flowers ; but it differs in the unspotted sepals, in the very 
short acute cusps of the top of the column, and the toothed 
auricles of the lip. Whether such small differences, of 
which the only one that can be called structural is that of 
the column, may well be questioned. It is in its favour 
that the minute characters of B. Carey anum occurs in its 
very differently coloured variety ochracea. 

The other species closely allied to B. Pechei are : — B. 
crassipes, which differs in its narrow longer ellipsoid 
pseudobulbs, very short scape, ovoid raceme, yellow 
flowers speckled with blood red, and entire labellar auri- 
cles; B. cupreum, Lindl., has a slender scape, lax-flowered 
raceme, bracts as long as the flowers, acuminate sepals, 
ovate-lanceolate petals, and slender long columnar spurs. 
B. nilglierrense, Wight (Bot. Mag., t. 5050), has much 
broader elliptic leaves, a longer lax-flowered raceme and 
lanceolate columnar spurs ; B. sicyobulbon, Par. et 
Reichb. f., has very large conical pseudobulbs, oblong 
leaves, and linear bracts as long as the flowers. The 
several other species of the group differ more widely from 
the above. I need hardly add that it is only by accurate 
figures that a comparative knowledge of these plants can 
be obtained. 

B. Pechei was received at Kew from the Royal Botanical 
Garden of Calcutta in 1889, and flowered in January, 
1892. I am informed by Mr. Bull, in whose catalogue for 
1891 the name first appears, that he received it from Mr. 
George Peche, a resident in Moulmein. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, petal; 3, lip and column ; 4, lip; 5, column; 6, anther; 
7, pollinia : — all enlarged. 






CONTENTS OF No. 579, MAB.C5, 1893. 








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L "Reeve C° London. 

Vmcent.Brooks;Day &Son.lmp 

Tab. 7287. 
CATTLEYA ibicolor. 

Native of South America. 

Nat. Ord. OncniDEii. — Tribe Epidendre.s. 
Genua Catxleya, Lindl.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 531). 

Caxtleta tricolor ; caulibus fusif ormi-clavatis demum anlcatis multicostatia 
monophyllis, folio pedali lineari-oblongo apice emarginato, racemo 
2-3-flore, pedunculo brevi robusto spatba oblonga basi obtecto, bracteiB 
brevibua late triangularibua, sepalia lineari-oblanceolatis acntia laterali- 
bus petalisque consimilibu8 aubundulatia lacteis roseo obacure suffuaia, 
labelli tubo longiusculo limbo mediocri tubo paullo latiore, lobia laterali- 
bua brevibua macula aanguinea notatis, terminals late ovato-oblongo 
obtuso undulato v. subcrispato apice rotundato medio et baain versua 
sanguineo atriato intus aureo striato, columna incurva crassiuscula, apice 
incurvo cucnllato, anthera quadra ta 3-loba, connectivo loculo parvo 
multotiea majore apice 2-lobo. 

C. iricolor, Seichb. f. in Oard. Chron. 1874, vol. ii. p. 162 ; Veitch. Man. 
Orchid, part ii. (Oattleya and Laelia) p. 40. 

A singular interest attaches to this fine plant, in that it 
is, and has apparently been for many years (it was first 
published in 1874), the only known specimen in existence, 
and no one can tell what country it came from. Messrs. 
Veitch, in their invaluable Manual, say of it: "The 
only plant ever introduced of this very distinct Cattleya 
was acquired by us many years ago, at one of the Orchid 
sales at Stevens's rooms, where it was sold without a 
specific name, and without any information of its origin. 
The plant is remarkable for the length of its leaves in 
proportion to the height of its stems." 

Unfortunately there is nothing in the character of 
G. iricolor that, by showing a very close affinity with any 
other species whose native country is known, would serve 
to indicate its own ; and the genus has an immense range, 
from the middle of Mexico in lat. 20° N., to Ecuador on 
the Western side of South America, and to South Brazil 
on the Eastern. And so too have some of the species, 
Amu 1st, 1883. 

especially G. labiata, to a variety of which (C. Mossix) 
Reiehenbach compares G. iricolor in habit of growth, say- 
ing, " it looks like a dwarf G. Mossias." G. labiata is 
found from New Grenada and Guiana in lat. 10° north, 
to Rio de Janeiro in lat. 23^° south. The variety Mossias, 
long considered a species, is, however, confined to the 
Cordillera of Venezuela. A glance at the figure of it 
given in Plate 3669 shows pseudobulbs very like those of 
G. iricolor, but quite different flowers. In some respects 
the leaf and flowers of G. iricolor resembles those of Laelia 
grandis (see Plate 5553), but besides the difference of 
colour and of the pseudobulbs, the four pollinia of G. 
iricolor are absolutely distinctive of its genus. Mr. Rolfe 
with much reason suggests the Peruvian Amazons as being 
its native country, relying on its affinity with G. Bex, 
Lindl., of that region. 

It is singular that in the colouring of the lip there is 
some discrepancy between the descriptions of Reiehenbach 
and Veitch, and these again with the figure here given. 
Thus Reiehenbach says of the lip, " it presents a zigzag 
band of dark orange from the top of one side lobe to the 
other. There are numerous violet lines both before the 
orange zigzag line and behind it, and from thence to the 
base of the lip. The small column is whitish, and has a 
large violet spot on its front." Veitch's Manual says, 
" lateral lobes milk-white, with a few purple streaks, a 
bright purple spot, and an orange blotch near the anterior 
edge of each ; middle lobe white, with a transverse orange- 
yellow band at the base, on each side of which is a purple 

I am indebted to the Baron Sir John H. W. von Schrceder 
for the opportunity of figuring for the first time Gattleya 
iricolor, that celebrated orchidophilist being the possessor 
of, in so far as is known, the only existing specimen of it 
in the Old World ; the drawing was made in May, 1892, 
the plant exhaling at the time a very strong sweet odour. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side views of column; 3 and 4, side and front view of 
anther; 5, ventral view of the same showing the cells and the stalks of the 
tour pollinia -.—all enlarged. 



LBeeve &C?iondc 

T/mcent Bt o dks J) ay &c S an. &np 

Tab. 7288. 


Native of Soutk-East Asia. 

Nat. Ord. CrpEEACE^:. Tribe Carice/E. 
Genus Caeex, Linn.; (Benih. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 1073). 

Cares baecans; robusta, foliis bracteisque longis, panicula magna laxa 
oblonga, vel lineari-oblonga, spicis numerosis longius cylindraceia basi 
foemineis apioe masculis, glumis foemineis ovatia acutis saspissime cuspi- 
datis per totam fere latitudinem longitudinaliter striatis, utriculia 
ovoideis trigonis gibbosis proventu baccantibus rabris, rostro parvulo 
brevissimo bifido. 

C. baecans, Nees in Wight Contrib. [1834] p. 122 ; Eunth. Enum. vol. ii. 
p. 513; Thwaites Enum. PI. Zeyl. p. 355; Boott Carex vol. ii. p. 83, 
tt. 234, 235, 236, 238, 239 ; Bmck. in Linnsea,, vol. xl. [1876] p. 339 ; C. B. 
Clarice in Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xxv. [1889] p. 82. 

C. curvirostris, Kunze Suppl. Biedgr. p. 79, t. 20; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. iii. 
p. 350. 

C. recurvirostris, Steud. in Zoll. Verz. Ind. Archip. Heft ii. p. 60, et Syn. PI. 
Glum. vol. ii. p. 207. 

C. dolicophylla, Link. ms. (fide Bcackeler). 

This plant extends from North East India to Ceylon, 
Malaya, Tonkin, China, and the Philippines. It is plenti- 
ful at an altitude of two thousand five hundred to seven 
thousand feet, in Sikkim, and the whole Khasi range. 
Here, as in the Kew plant-houses, when fully ripe it is a 
prominent and unmistakable plant. Till the utricles are 
more than half-ripe it is exceedingly difficult to distinguish 
it from some Himalayan forms of C. Myosurus, Nees 
(C. floribunda, Beech), and it may be doubted if even 
Boott has sorted all the imperfectly-ripe herbarium 
material aright. Probably the best character for this 
purpose is the broad not striated edge of the female glume 

* I am indebted to my friend, Mr. C. B. Clarke, who is engaged upon a 
monograph of the whole Order Cyperacese, for the above account of 
0. baecans. 

ArRiL 1st, 1893. 

in G. Myosurus (and its subspecies). There is a plant 
figured by Boott (Oarex, t. 237) and marked by him in 
his herbarium " G. baccans, an Var. an sp. nova ? " first 
collected by Sir J. Hooker in the Khasi Hills. In this 
the ripe utricles get sometimes remarkably red though 
not at all succulent ; but the female glumes are 3-5-nerved 
close to their keel only, and this var. is perhaps more 
nearly allied to G. Myosurus, Nees, than to G. baccans.— 
G. B. Glarhe. 

Fig. 1, Fern, glume; 2, utricle; 3, the same laid open showing the fruiti- 
er enlarged, * ° 




"Vmceni Brooks}) ay &3 anlwp 

L.Risovb &-C? London. 

Tab. 7289. 

SATYRIUM cokiifolium. 

Var. maculatum. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Tribe Ophkyde-S. 
Genus Satyrium, Ser. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 629.) 

Satybium coriifolium ; robustum, glaberrimum, foliis rigide coriaceis inferiori- 
bus oblongo-lanceolatis patulis, superioribus vaginantibus erectis acutis, 
spica cylindracea multiflora, braoteis ovato-lanceolatis herbaceis reflexis 
flores sequantibus v. superantibus, sepalis lateralibus lineari-oblongia 
subacutis deflexis, dorsali lineari breviore, petalis linearibus obtusis 
sepalis paullo brevioribus, labello hemispherico inflato v. subgloboso dorso 
carinato margine apice obtuso recurvo, calcaribus ovarium sequantibus. 

S. coriifolium, Swartz in Kongl. Vetensk. and Handb. vol. xxi. (1800) p. 216 ; 

Willd, Sp. PI. vol. iv. p. 54 ; Bot. Reg. t. 703; Bot. Mag. t. 2172 ; Bolus 

Orchids of Cape Penins. p. 124. 
S. erect um, Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orchid. 340 (non Swartz). 
S. cucullatum, Lodd. Bot. Cat. t. 104 (non Swartz). 
S. anreum, Paxt. Mag. Bot. vol. xv. p. 31. 
Diplectrum coriifolium, Pers. Synops. vol. ii. p. 509; Poiret, Diet. Bot. 

Suppl. vol. ii. p. 489. 

Orchis bicurvis, Linn. Sp. PL Ed. 2, p. 1330. 
O. lutea caule purpureo maculato, Buxb. Cent. vol. iii. p. 7, 1. 10. 
Var. maculatum; caule viridi, floribus aurantiacis punctis saturatioribus 
ornatis. Tab. nostr. 7289- 

Mr. Bolus, in his valuable work cited above, describes 
the normal form of 8. coriifolium as one of the commonest 
species in the Cape Peninsula, on the flats from Ronde- 
bosch southward, ascending the mountain sides up to 
six hundred or seven hundred feet, and extending east- 
wards to the Knysna river; adding that the insatiable 
flower-gatherers of Cape Town carry off from the Cape 
Flats in spring large bunches of the flowers. He describes 
the flowers as of a clear bright orange, more or less vary- 
ing to or tinged with a flame-coloured red. This answers 
well to the colour of the figures in the Botanical Register 

April 1st, 1893. 

and Magazine ; but adds that lie has seen plants from the 
Diep river which appeared to be hybrids between S. corii- 
folium and 8. carneum, and which had salmon-coloured 
flowers only slightly modified in structure. Mr. Bolus 
makes no allusion to the duller coloured and spotted 
flowers of var. maculatum, which may possibly prove to 
be a hybrid. 

The lower leaves, which are described by Bolus as 
oblong-lanceolate and quite glabrous, and which are so in 
our plant, are figured as broadly elliptic at Plate 2272, 
and glabrous, but as ciliolate in the Botanical Register. 

The specimens figured were communicated by H. J. 
Elwes, Esq., F.L.S., from his garden at Colesborne, 
Gloucestershire, in August, 1892. It has also flowered at 
Kew.— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary, dorsal sepal, petals spurs and column ; 2, side view of 
column ; 3, front view of same ; 4, pollinium -.—all enlarged. 


M S.del,J.N.Fitoh. 

VincerttBroolcs^ay St.Sari.Tmp 

Tab. 7290. 

allium kansunense. 

Native of Tibet and Western China. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 802.) 

Allium (Rhiziridium) hansunense ; bulbis angustis elongatis dense ccespi- 
tosis, e basibus rhizoma gracile gerentibus, tunicis fibrosis, foliis 
anguste linearibus' facie canalicnlatis, scapo gracili tereti elongato, um- 
bellis capitatis multifloris, spatha parva ovata monophylla decidua, 
pedicellis brevibus, periantbio campanulato caeruleo, segmentis oblonsjis 
obtusis dia imbricatis, sta minibus perianthio brevioribus, filamentis 
prsesertim exterioribus basi dilatatis obscure tricuspidatis, stylo ovario 

A. kansunense, Regel Descr. Plant. Nov. Hort. Petrop. 1889, p. 6. 

A. cyaneum var. brachystemorj, Regel in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. x. p. 346. 

A large number of new species of Allium have been 
discovered during the last twenty years through the ex- 
plorations of the Russian botanists in Central Asia. The 
late Dr. Regel published, in 1875, an excellent monograph 
of the whole genus, and in 1887 he re-worked the 
whole of the Northern and Central Asian species, of 
which about two hundred are now known. The present 
plant is quite hardy and is remarkable for its dense heads 
of bright blue flowers. In this respect it resembles A. 
caeruleum, Pallas (figured Bot. Reg., vol. xxvi., tab. 51). 
Its filaments are obscurely tricuspidate at the base, so that 
botanically it falls into the small group of species that 
form a connecting link between the two large sections 
Rhiziridium and Porrum. The wild specimens in the Kew 
Herbarium were collected by Przewalski in Northern 
Tibet and the West Chinese province of Kansu in the 
Tangut district. Our drawing was made from a plant 
that flowered at Kew last summer, the bulbs of which were 
sent to the Royal Gardens by Dr. Regel. It was one of 
the last plants which he described. 

April 1st, 1803. 

Descr. Bulbs long, narrow, densely crowded, seated on 
a thread-like remotely bulbilliferous roots took ; outer 
tunics composed of a dense mass of fibres. Leaves three 
to five to a stem, all arising close together from near the 
ground, narrow linear, much shorter than the scape, deeply 
channelled down the face. Scape slender, wiry, terete, 
about a foot long. Flowers many, crowded into a dense 
globose head ; spathe small, ovate, membranous, falling 
when the flowers expand ; pedicels shorter than the 
flowers. Perianth permanently campanulate, bright blue, 
one-sixth of an inch long ; segments obloug, obtuse. 
Stamens shorter than the perianth ; filaments, especially 
the outer three, dilated with an obscurely tricuspidate 
appendage at the base ; anthers small, oblong. Ovary 
globose, glabrous; style shorter than the ovary. — /. G. 

Fig. 1, A flower ; 2, vertical section of a flower, shading stamens ; 3, pistil ; 
■all enlaraed. 

— all enlarged 


M.S.del,J:N.Frt c h M K. 


L^Reeve &.C° London. 

Tab. 7291. 
EXARRHENA maoeantha. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Boraginej!. — Tribe Boeagb^;. 
Genus Exarrhena, Br. Prodr. Fl. Austral. 4957. 

Exarbhena macrantha; erecta, robusta, hispido-pilosa, caule folioso basi 
ascendente, foliis radicalibus 2-4-pollicaribus oblongo-lanceolatis io 
petiolum latum angustatis, caulinis sensim minoribus lineari-oblongia 
obtusis, cyma saapissime bifurcata, ramis patenti-recurvis multifloris, 
floribus sessilibus v. breviter pedicellatis, calycis lineari-oblongi appresse 
pilosi (pilis rectis) lobis linearibus obtusis, corolla sordide aurantiaca, 
tubo inferne angusto calyce duplo longiore superne infundibulari, lobis 
late oblongis obtusis, filamentis filiformibus lobis corollas triente breviori- 
bus, stylo longe exserto piloso. 

E. macrantha, Roolc.f. Randb. N. Zeal'd Flora, p. 295. 

The genus Exarrhena was established by Brown in 1810, 
upon a Tasmanian plant, E. suaveolens, of which he 
describes as " a herb with the facies of Myosotis, to which it 
is certainly closely allied, and differs chiefly in the exserted 
stamens and style." Several species having subsequently 
been discovered in New Zealand, presenting no further 
differences from Myosotis than E. suaveolens did, except in 
that the filaments were very short in some of them, I, in 
the Flora of New Zealand, reduced the genus to Myosotis, 
in which I was followed by Bentham in the " Flora Aus- 
traliensis" (vol. iv., p. 407). Before the publication of 
the latter work, I had, in the " Handbook of the New 
Zealand Flora," further additions having been made to 
Exarrhena, re-established it, pointing out the additional 
character of its large and more campanulate corolla, 
which however had not satisfied Bentham ; and accordingly 
in the " Genera Plantarum " Exarrhena is again merged 
in Myosotis. 

The opportunity of having a living species to examine 
has led me to reinvestigate the matter, and to compare 
April 1st, 1893. 

carefully all the species of Exarrhena (of which there are 
five) with all the New Zealand ones of Myosotis, and the 
result is a character which has been overlooked by Brown 
and all subsequent authors — that whereas the filaments 
in Myosotis are inserted in the throat of the corolla, some 
way down below the glands at the mouth of the tube 
between which the anthers lie (or point), in Exarrhena 
the stamens are inserted at the mouth itself, between the 
glands, and are therefore wholly exserted. There is great 
variation in the insertion of the stamens of the New Zea- 
land species of Myosotis and in the length of their 
filaments, much greater than in the European species of 
the genus, and the anthers are sometimes partially ex- 
serted, as in M. capitata, but the insertion of the filaments 
is in all far within the tube. In like manner in Exarrhena, 
the filaments vary greatly in length, but are never inserted 
between the faucial glands. 

Seeds of M. macrantha were received at Kew, in 1891, 
from J. D. Enys, Esq., with the information that they had 
been collected in the Chatham Islands to the eastward of 
New Zealand. Plants raised from them flowered in a cold 
frame in September, 1892. Mr. Watson informs me that 
they require shade from bright sunlight, otherwise the 
leaves scorch. In New Zealand the species appear to be 
common throughout the hills of the southern island, having 
been collected at an elevation of three thousand to four 
thousand five hundred feet in various localities from the 
Nelson province in the north to Otago in the south. It 
is very sweet scented.—/. B. E. 

»«??' l ' C , al y x 1 and s *y les ; 2 » corolla laid open ; 3 and 4, stamens ; 5, carpels 
and base of style :— all enlarged. 




i'TSH J"- 


CONTENTS OF No. 580, APRIL 1893 





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M S.d«a,J.KFltah.Mi 

LTleeve &. C°X,cm.doix 

Vincerrt.Rrook3,Day &. Son Imp 

Tab. 7292. 

GLADIOLUS oppositiflokus. 

Native of Kaffraria. 

Nat. Ord. IridEjE. — Tribe Gladiole.b. 
Genus Gladiolus, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 709/ 

Gladiolus oppositiflorus ; cormo magno globoso tunicis exterioribus brunueis 
fibrosis, caule stricto robusto erecto 3-4-pedali, foliis ensiformibus glabris 
caulem vaginantibus venis marginibusque crassis stramineis, floribus 
perpluribus in spicam sesquipedalem dispositis, spathae valvis lanceolatis 
inasqualibus viridibus, perianthii tubo anguste infundibulari bracteis 
aequilongis, lobis ovatis patulis tubo brevioribus albis purpureo carinatis, 
tribus inferioribus paulo minoribus, genitalibus perianthio brevioribus. 

G. oppositiflorus, Herb, in Bot. Beg. 1842, Misc. p. 86, No. 98 ; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 176; Handl. Jrid. p. 218. 

I suppose this fine Gladiolus to be identical with the 
oppositiflorus of Herbert, about which so much has been 
written in connection with the garden forms of the genus. 
Herbert's plant was never figured, and his description is a 
short one, but there is a specimen in the Kew -Herbarium, 
which was given by Herbert to Sir William Hooker from 
his garden at Spofforth, near Knaresborough, which leaves 
little room for doubt that the plant now figured is the 
same species. Herbert says of oppositiflorus, writing in 
1842 in the " Botanical Register" :— 

" A native of Madagascar, where it was found by Forbes, 
a young man employed some years since as collector by 
the Horticultural Society. It is also, perhaps, a native of 
Port Natal. The seeds are very like those of G. natalmm 
in form and colour, and it may be easily mixed with that 
species. The G. gandarensis of gardens is a cross between 
G. oppositiflorus and natalensis ; so also is the G. ramosus 
of the gardens between G, oppositiflorus and cardinal is or 

Van Houtte, who first raised gandarensis, stated that it 
was a hybrid between G. cardinalis and psittacinus, which 
is the same as natalensis. There can be little doubt that 

^Iav 1st, 1893. 

the idea of the Madagascar origin of the plant is a mistake. 
Forbes only touched at the south of the island, and the 
only Gladiolus which has been found by recent collectors 
lives high up amongst the hills of the centre. Writing in 
1836 (Amaryllidea3, page 366) Herbert spoke of oppositi- 
florus as a beautiful species, imported, as he understood, 
froin the neighbourhood of the Natal river, and this earlier 
idea is no doubt correct. He speaks of it again in his 
classical paper on hybrids, in the second volume of the 
"Journal of the Horticultural Society," in 1847 (pages 
88 and 89). 

A dried specimen of the plant here figured was sent to 
Kew from Transkeian Kaft'raria by Professor Macowan in 
1878, and several years later that excellent botanist 
forwarded bulbs, from one of which the plant here raised 
in the Royal Gardens, Kew, has been drawn. 

Descr. Gorm large, globose; tunics of mottled-brown 
fibres. Whole plant about five feet high. Stem bearing 
alternately at some space from one another about six 
erecto-patent ensiform glabrous green leaves of firm tex- 
ture, of which the largest reaches a length of more than 
two feet and a breadth of more than an inch. Spike dense, 
a foot or a foot and a half long; spathe valves lanceolate, 
green, those of the lower flowers an inch and a half or two 
inches long. Perianth-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, two 
inches long; lobes ovate, much shorter than the tube, 
white with a keel of mauve-purple, the three lower smaller 
than the three upper. Stamens much shorter than the 
perianth; anthers large, linear. Style overtopping the 
anthers, with three long spreading branches.—/. G. Baker. 

brrnchel'tz n &/ r0 / t ?\' 7 2 ' a f th «r, back view ; 3, apex of style and its 
mancnes, all enlarged ; 4, whole plant, much reduced. 


Tab. 7293. 


Native of Natal and Griqua-land. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. Tribe Hemekocalle^. 
Genus Knipuofia, Moench. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. Hi. p. 775). 

Kniphofla modesta; fibris radicalibus gracilibus firmis cylindricis, foliia 
paucis lineai-ibus erectis 2-3-pedalibus pallide viridibus facie profunde 
canaliculars marginibus loevibus leviter revolutis, pedunculo gracili 
foliis breviori, racemo elongato cylindrico subdenso multifloro, floribus 
superioribus ascendentibus inferioribus deflexis, pedicellis brevissimis, 
bracteis scariosis superioribus ovatis inferioribus lanceolatis, perianthio 
mfundibulari parvo albo supra ovarium constricto, lobis orbicnlaribus, 
genitalibus demum conspicue exsertis. 

K. modesta, Baker in Journ. Bot. 1889, p. 43 ; Gard. Chron. 1889, vol. ii. 
p. 588. 

This very distinct new species of Kniphofia was first 
discovered in 1884 by Mr. William Tyson on the mountains 
of Griqua-land East, at an elevation of six thousand feet 
above sea-level. Soon afterwards it was found in Natal 
by Mr. J, Medley Wood, A.L.S., Curator of the Botanic 
Garden at Durban, and sent alive to the Royal Gardens, 
Kew. It has flowered there in the autumn in a cool con- 
servatory and also in a sheltered border out of doors. 
With its narrow leaves and small white flowers nothing 
well can look more different in general aspect from A". 
aloides and the older cultivated kinds. Its nearest ally is 
K. pallidiflora, Baker, a native of the mountains of Mada- 
gascar, which has not yet appeared in the Botanical 
Magazine. It may prove to be the same species as K. 
p'jt'ciflora, Kunth, a plant gathered by Drege in Northern 
Kaffraria, of which I have not been able to see authenti- 
cated specimens, but there are several small points in the 
description which do not agree. Our drawing was made 
from a plant that flowered at Kew in October, 1892. 

Uescr. Root fibres slender, firm, cylindrical. Leaves 
ew m a cluster, linear, pale green, two or three feet long 

in the cultivated plant, a quarter of an inch broad low- 
down, tapering gradually to the apex, reflexed in the 
flowering stage in the upper half, deeply channelled down 
the face, smooth on the rather reflexed edges. Peduncle 
slender, erect, about two feet long, bearing several scariose 
lanceolate bract leaves. Raceme cylindrical, moderately 
dense, six to twelve inches long ; upper flowers ascending, 
lower deflexed ; pedicels very short ; bracts scariose, upper 
ovate, lower lanceolate. Perianth white, funnel-shaped, a 
third of an inch long, constricted above the ovary ; lobes 
orbicular. Stamens and style finally much exserted beyond 
the tip of the perianth-lobes. — /. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf; 2, a flower; 3, front view of anther; 4, back view 
of anther ; 5, pistil -.—all enlarged. 




L Reeve & C? Landc 

Tab. 7294. 

Native of Kabul. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 802.) 

Allium (Molium) cabulicum ; bulbo globoso tunicis exterioribus membrana- 
ceis, folio solitario loi ato-oblongo glabvo ad basin sensim angnatato, scapo 
brevi tereti glabro, umbellis multifloris, spatha monophylla ovata parva 
decidua, pedicellis strictis elongatis, perianthii segmentis lanceolatis 
demum refleiis albidis carina doraali rubro-brmmea, staminibns periaDthio 
aeqnilongis, filamentis eeqnalibus filiformibus basi ovatia, antheris lineari- 
oblongisparvis, ovario globoso pubescente, stylo ovario aequilongo. 

The present Allium belongs to the large section Molium, 
which is marked by its ex-appendiculate outer filaments 
and symmetrical ovoid or globose bulbs. The best known 
species that represent this section are our wild British 
A. ursinum and the common South European A. roseum, 
neapolitamim and subhirsutum. The present plant is nearly 
allied to A. decipiens, Fisch. (A. tulipsefolium, Ledeb.), and 
when we first got the bulbs and they produced then- 
primordial leaves the plant might easily have been mistaken 
for a Tulip, if it had not been for its garlic scent. The 
bulbs of the plant here drawn and described were received 
at Kew from Dr. Aitchison, F.R.S., in March, 1885. Dr. 
Aitchison informs us that it is cultivated at Kabul for the 
sake of its edible bulb, and that there is a field near the 
city which has been devoted to the cultivation of this and 
other onions for the last hundred years. We have also m 
the Kew Herbarium a dried specimen gathered at Kabul 
by General Sir Henry Collett, F.L.S. I cannot match it 
with any of the species described by Kegel and Boissier. 
Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered in the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, in May, 1802. 

Desce. Bulb solitary, globose, an inch in diameter ; outer 
tunics pale, membranous. Leaf single, lorate-oblong, 
May 1st, 1893. 

glabrous, springing from the scape at the surface of the 
ground, six or eight inches long, two inches broad at the 
middle, narrowed gradually to the clasping base. Scape 
terete, stiffly erect, three or four inches long. Umbel 
dense, globose, many-flowered, about two inches in 
diameter; spathe monophyllous, ovate, small, deciduous ; 
pedicels much longer than the flowers. Perianth one-sixth 
oi an inch long ; segments lanceolate, acute, whitish, with 
a keel of red-brown, finally reflexed. Stamens as long as 
the perianth ; filaments all six alike, filiform from an ovate 
base; anthers linear-oblong. Ovary globose, pubescent: 
style as long as the ovary.— J". G. Baker. 

4 Si 1 -' ^» C !r ed fl °TwL % S6gment of P eri ^th ; 3, stamens and pistil ; 
4, pistil , 5, a flower with the segments reflexed -.-all enlarged. 


I» Reeve &C?London 

Tab. 7295. 

Native of South Africa 

"Nat. Ord. Okchide*. — Tribe Ofiikyde.e. 
Genus Satyrium, Sw. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 629). 

Satykium sphserocarpum ; foliis ovato-oblongis acutis sensim in vaginis 
caulis finferioribus foliaceis) mutatis, spica multiflora, bracteis herbaceis 
ovato-oblongis acutis flores aequantibus v. superautibus patulis denium 
deflexis, sepalis labello longe adnatis lateralibus lineari-oblongis intermedio 
lineari, petalis linearibus, labello galeato apice obtuso recurvo dorso 
medio alte carinato, calcaribus gracilibus ovario paullo longioribus, 
columna gracili, stigmate integro. 

S. sphaerocephalum, Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orchid. 337. 

The handsome terrestrial Orchids of South Africa have 
of late attracted the attention of horticulturists, and 
singularly enough they seem to be more amenable to 
cultivation than their terrestrial European allies. They 
are very numerous in species, especially the Disas and 
Satyriums, abounding in curious forms, and often present- 
ing brilliant flowers. Of Satyrium, Mr. Bolus says, in his 
valuable " Orchids of the Capo Peninsula," about fifty- 
seven species are admitted, almost exclusively African, 
twenty being southern, ten tropical, and six insular, from 
the Mascarene Islands. Only one is Asiatic, the 8. 
nepalense, figured at Tab. 6625 of this work, and which is 
one of the commonest hill plants of India, from the 
Himalaya to Ceylon. 

8. sphserocarpum has a very wide range in South Africa, 
from the tropical climate of Delagoa Bay, in 26 S. 
(where it was discovered by Forbes, a collector for the 
Royal Horticultural Society, in 1823), to the temperate one 
of Grahamstown in 33° S. It is abundantly represented in 
the Kew Herbarium from the intermediate regions and 
especially from Natal. Its nearest ally is 8. militarc, 

Mat 1 ST; 1893, 

LindL, also a South African plant, which differs in the 
more robust habit, smaller flower and shorter spurs ; there 
is, however, a variety of sphserocarpum with small and pure 
white flowers (see fig. 4 of the accompanying plate) which 
was received at Kew from Natal along with the larger 
form, and flowered at the same time. This latter, indeed, 
is the typical sphcerocarpum, according, as it does, in the 
size of the flower with the original plant described from 
Delagoa Bay ; but whereas the large flowered form has by 
far the greatest range, it should be regarded as the natural 
type, and the smaller flowered as a variety. The varietal 
names of micrantha and macrantha would meet the diffi- 
culty of nomenclature. 

Tubers of 8. sphcerocarpum were sent to Kew in March, 
1892, by Mr. Medley Wood, A.L.S., Curator of the Botanic 
Gardens, Durban, Natal, and flowered in the Temperate 
House in October of the same year. The name sphtero- 
carpum is not a very appropriate one, the fruit being 
shortly oblong as in many other species. — /. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, column ; 3, pollinium, all enlarged; 4, flower of variety 

of the natural size 


M. S.dfiU.N.Frtchlrtk. 

Vincent Brooks Day h SorJit* 

Tab. 7296. 
VERONICA Colensol 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophulabine.e.— Tribe Digitale*. 
Genus Veronica, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 964.) 

Veronica (Hebe) Golensoi ; fructiculus ramosissimua glaberrimus, foliis 
approximatis decussatim oppositis subsessilibus patentibus lineari 
oblongis obtusiusculis integerrimis v. rarissime pauci-serratis coriaceis 
ecarinatis viridibuB, racemis ad apices ramulorum subfastigiatis breviter 
pedunculatis foliis subduplo longioribus rachi puberula, floribus subsessili- 
bus, sepalis ovato-oblongis, corolla alba v. pallide lilacina tubo brevi. 
capsula ovoidea calyce duplo longiore. 

V. Colensoi, Hook. f. Handb. JW. Zeald. Flora, p. 209 ; Armstrong in Tram 
N. Zeald. Institute, vol. xiii. (1880) p. 351. 

Under V. Lavaudlana (Plate 7210) 1 have given a brief 
account of the genus Veronica, as represented in New 
Zealand, together with some very interesting remarks on 
it by Mr. Armstrong, published in the Transactions of 
the New Zealand Institute, where no fewer than sixty 
species are enumerated as natives of the Archipelago. 
The majority of these belong to the section "Hebe," 
which, with the exception of a species common to Antarctic 
America and New Zealand, are all natives of Australasia, 
and especially of New Zealand itself. The species are, 
many of them, very variable in foliage, and hence difficult 
of discrimination in a dried state, especially those with 
small coriaceous leaves, as V. pinguifolia (tab. 6147), 
V. carnosula (tab. 6581), V. parwfiora (tab. 5965), and 
J . Traversii (tab. 6390), all of which have closely allied 
congeners. Of these V. Traversii is the nearest in affinity 
to V. Colensoi, but is well distinguished by its more acute 
closer set keeled dark green leaves, and also by the 
longer pedicelled flowers, as shown in fig. 5 of the accom- 
panying plate, though this is far from a consistent character. 

May 1st, 1893. 

as an inspection of tab. 6390 shows. Indeed, I am not at 
all sure that two species do not lurk under the name of 
Traversii, that figured as above, and a larger flowered, 
longer pedicelled one (the fig. 5 of this plate). 

V. Colensoi was discovered by the distinguished botanical 
explorer of the New Zealand Flora whose name it bears 
in the Ruabine Hills of the Northern Island nearly half a 
century ago, and it has since been collected in the Alps of 
the Middle Island, from Nelson southwards, at elevations 
of three thousand to five thousand feet. The specimen 
here figured flowered in my own garden near Sunningdale, 
in July of last year. It was sent to me by Mr. Lynch, 
from the Cambridge Botanic Gardens. My friend Pro- 
fessor Balfour, informs me that a rich collection of New 
Zealand Veronicas, amounting to upwards of forty 
species, is cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens of 
Edinburgh, and has kindly promised to forward to me 
specimens of these as they flower for figuring in this 
Magazine. Being evergreen shrubs of remarkably close 
habit, they are well adapted for the rock-garden, which 
they ornament in winter especially. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of raceme with bracts and flowers ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, pistil ; 
5, portion of rachis and flowers of V. Traversii : — all enlarged. 

Note on Exakuena macrantha, figured on t. 7291. — Mr. Engs informs me 
that this plant does not grow in the Chatham Islands ; and that the 
erroneous habitat given for it must have been owing to a mistake in labelling 
the steds. In the last line of the first paragraph of the second page of the 
description of that plant, for " between," read " beneath." 


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M3.del,JHl-rtd:htl ; . 

ViricentBrooks^Day &-ScmIiTtp. 

L.Tleeve &.C? London, 

Tab. 7297. 

ANTHURIUM Chambeklunl 
Native of Venezuela ? 

Nat. Ord. Aroide.e. Tribe Orontik/r. 
Genus Anthurium, Schott ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 998.) 

Anthurium, Chamberlaini ; caudice brevi radicali, foliis 3-pedalibus 2 peda- 
libus ovato-cordatis acutninatis glaberrirais coriaceis, lobis rotundatis, 
sinu late rotundato, costa media valida, nervis utrinque 16-18, costis 
sinubus marginalibus nervos ad 5-10 emittentibus, petiolo 3-4-pedali basi 
tantum vaginante, geniculo apice incrassato, pednnculo brevi tereti, 
Bpatha 8-pollicari oblongo-lanceolata scaphiformi pallide coccinea apice 
cucullato in rostrum erectum curvum marginibus incurvis angustata, 
marginibns infra medium recurvis, spadice 5 poll, longo breviter stipitato 
decurvo cylindraceo obtuso rubro-purpureo, sepalis prismaticis apicibus 
truncatis, antheris parvis oblongis, ovario cylindraceo, stylo brevi crasso 
in stigma hemisphericum desinente. 

A. Chamberlaini, Mast, in Gard. Chron. (1888) vol. i. p. 462, fig. 66, 67. Illuttr 
Sortie, vol. xxxv. (1888), t. 62. 

Anthurium Chamberlaini is justly described by its author 
as " one of the noblest species of a genus already rich in 
superb species, and is handsome alike in foliage and in 
flower," adding " that it is appropriate to dedicate it to 
the eminent statesman (the Rt. Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, 
M.P.) of whose establishment it forms so conspicuous an 
ornament." In this appropriation I heartily concur. 

It is no easy matter to find the nearest affinity of an 
Anthurium, a genus which numbers about one hundred and 
seventy described species, many of them known only in 
imperfect condition, and others far from accurately denned. 
Dr. Masters places it, I think rightly, in Engler's fourteenth 
section (Cardiophyllum) of the genus (DC.Monog.Phanerog. 
vol. ii. (Araceas) p. 159), which includes fourteen of Schott's 
sections (Prodromus Aroidearum), and is characterized by 
the short prostrate or ascending stem, covered with per- 
sistent sheathing scales, elongated petioles, cordate leaves, 
retrorse primary basal nerves (cost*), and more or less 
oblong ovary narrowed into a short stout style, with a 

J**i 1st, 1893. 

sessile stigma. It differs from the sectional character in 
the spathe being neither white nor green ; but so do some 
of the species placed in it by Engler himself, notably a 
subsection iii., which he describes as having green or red 
spathes, and to two species of which Dr. Masters thinks 
A. Ghamberlaini is allied, namely A. formosum, Schott, and 
A. bogotense, Schott. Both these however should have, in 
accordance with the character of subsection iii., the spadix 
much longer than the spathe; but here again is an in- 
consistency, for of A. formosum the spathe is described as 
two diameters long, and the spadix as only one and a half. 
Another character of sect. Cardiophylhcm is to have the 
fruiting sepals very acute, which is hardly consistent with 
the truncate flowering sepals of A. Ghamberlaini. In short 
I am obliged to confess that I cannot make this plant fit 
into any of Engler's sections, and can give no better guess 
at its affinities than did Dr. Masters, to which I may add 
that it differs from formosum (which has a rosy spathe), 
in the stipitate spadix, and from bogotense in the spathe 
being longer than the spadix. 

The native country of A. Ghamberlaini is not known, 
but presumed to be Venezuela, as it was imported with 
Gattleya Gaskelliana, which comes from that country. The 
specimen here figured was presented by Mr. Chamberlain 
to the Royal Gardens in 1892, and flowered in February, 
1893.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Seduced sketch of the whole plant ; 2, leaf reduced to one-third of 
the natural size ; 3, two views of the spathe and spadix of the natural size ; 
4, two flowers; 5, flower with the stamens exserted ; 6 and 7, Btamens; 
8, pistil ; 9, vertical section of the same :— figs. 4-9, all enlarged. 


M" S.del, J.U Rtjdhlith 

Vincent Broote.Day &-Sor. Jmp 

LReeve &C?Lema< 

Tab. 7298. 

Native of Bosnia. 

Nat. Ord. Oampanulace^;. Tribe Campanulejb. 
Genus Symphyandra, A.DC. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 503). 

Symphyandra, ITofmanni; tota plus minusve pilosa, caule ebasi ramoso 
folioso, ratnis decumbentibus, foliis oblanceolatis acutis duplicato-den- 
tatis, inferioribus in petiolum elongatum angustatis supra glaberrimis, 
caulinis basi angustata sessilibus, floribus magnis terminalibus et in 
pednnculis foliosis axillaribus cernuis, calycis foliacei segmentis amplis 
oblongo-lanceolatis acutis basi profande cordatis, corolla calyce vix duplo 
longiore campanulata straminea demum alba, lobis brevibus rotundatis, 
fauce laxe pilosa, filamentis basi quadratis ciliatis. 

S. Hofmanni, PantocseJc, in Magyar. Novent-LapoJc. vol. v. (1881), p. 150; et in 
CEderreich. Bot. Zeitsch. vol. xxxii. (1882), p. 149 ; Sofia. Beitrag zur 
Kennt. Fl. Bosn. ex Hofmann in Wien. Illuslrirt. Gart.-Zeit. vol. ix. (1884) 
352, cum. Ic. ; Mast, in Gard. Chron. (1888), vol ii. p. 760, fig. 107 {Hof- 

The genus Symphyandra consists of seven species of 
plants closely allied to and with altogether the habit of 
Campanula, but distinguished from that vast genus by 
theconnation of the anthers, thus tending to annul the 
distinction between the tribes Campanuleas and Lobehex. 
It is Oriental in its distribution, extending from Bosnia 
and Crete to Armenia ; the one supposed exception being 
the Himalayan 8. stylosa, of Boyle, which is, however, a 
species of Phyteuma (P. Thomsoni, Clarke). 01 these 
seven species, only one has hitherto been figured m any 
British Illustrated Botanical work, the 8. pendula, A.DU 
of the Caucasus, in Sweet's Brit. FL Garden, feev. n. t. 
66, which differs from Hofmanni in the prostrate habit. 
Pantocsek seems to regard S. Hofmanni as nearest to the 
Transylvanian S. Wanneri (Campanula Wanneri, Eoch.), 
which is a much smaller plant, with an ascending stem, 
narrower leaves, toothed" calyx-segments, and a blue 

June 1st, 1893. 

C. Hofmanni is a native of the margins of woods and 
rocky places near Banjaluka and Jaica in Bosnia, where it 
was discovered by the botanist whose name it bears in 
about 1880. It is, as grown in the Royal Gardens, where it 
flowered in July, 1888, a very striking plant, its decum- 
bent flowering branches attaining a foot in length, but is 
doubtfully hardy.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamens and style ; 2, top of style and stigma :— both enlarged. 






■Wncant] ..".orJrop 

Tab. 7299, 7300. 
tacca pinnatiiida. 

Native of Polynesia. 

Nat. Ord. Taccace*. 
Genus Tacca, Forst. ; (Bentk. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 741). 

Tacca pinnatifida; foliis triaectis, segmentis pinnatifidis v. pinnatisectis, 
lobis undulatis superioribus amplis inaequaliter lobatis v. laciniatia lobulia 
acutis v. acuminatis, inferioribus infimisque saepe interruptis, majoribu« 
ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis minoribua parvis difformibu8 obtuais basi 
late decarventibus, involucri foliolis erectis sessilibus amplia cncullatis 
late ovatia bemisphericiave viridibus apicibus integria incisis pinnati- 
fidiave, perianthii lobia incurvis. 

T. pinnatifida, J. & G. Forst. Char. Gen. p. 69, No. 35. G. Forst. Prodr. Fl. 
Ins. Austral, p. 36 ; Plant. Esculent, p. 59, No. 28, et Ic ined. in Mus. 
Brit. t. 151. Ic. Parkinson ined. I. c. t. 40. Linn. Syst. Veg. p. 455. 
Willd. Sp. PI. vol. ii. p. 200. Guillem. Zeph. Tait, p. 133. Seem. Fl. Vit. 
p. 102. H. Mann in Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & 8c. vol. viii. (1866-8) p. 205. 
Eillebr. Fl. Hawaii Islds. p. 437. Castello Fl. Polynes.- Franc, p. 224. 
Pancher in Guzent Tahiti, p. 172. 

T. pinnatifolia, Gsertn. Fruct. vol. i. p. 43 (excl. Syn. Rheede, ubi pro vol. ii. 
lege xi.) t. 14, f. 2. 

T. oceanica, Nutt. in Am. Journ. Pharm. vol. iii. (1838) p. 305-308, rum [c. 

Seem. Journ. Bot. iv. (1866) p. 261. 
Chaitsea Tacca, Soland. Primit. Fl. Ind. Pacific (mss. ined, in Mus. Brit.) 

p. 246. Ellis Polynes. Res. vol. i. p. 360. 

The flowering of the Polynesian Tacca pinnatifida in 
the Royal Gardens, affords the opportunity of giving a 
representation of what must be considered as the type of 
that species, and which differs widely from the Indian 
plant which has hitherto been cultivated in England under 
that name ; though whether the latter will prove to differ 
specifically must, until more of the forms of each are 
brought under close observation, be considered doubtful. 

For the means of identifying the figure here given with 
Forster's plant, I am indebted to authentic specimens of 
the latter presented to the Kew Herbarium by the Corpora- 
tion of Liverpool, a body which had for long been the 

June 1st, 1893. 

envied possessor of a set of Forster's plants collected 
during Cook's second voyage; and to tracings of the 
drawings of Forster and Parkinson, preserved in the British 
Museum, kindly made for me by Mr. E. Gr. Baker, F.L.S., 
of the Botanical Department of that Institution. It is 
hardly neccessary to remind the reader that Parkinson 
was the artist on the staff of Sir Joseph Banks during 
Cook's first voyage, when Dr. Solander, hereafter to be 
alluded to, was the active Botanist on the same staff ; as 
also that the two naturalists, J. R. and Gr. Forster, father 
and son (the latter then only 17 years of age) accom- 
panied Cook on his second voyage. 

The first indication of the Polynesian Tacca that I have 
found is in the narrative of Cook's first voyage, Book I. 
Chap. XVII. where, describing the vegetable foods of the 
Tahiti Islanders, he mentions " a root of the Salep kind, 
called by the inhabitants Pia." A full description of it, 
drawn up on the spot, is contained in the mss. work of 
Dr. Solander, cited above, under the name he gave it of 
Chaitsea Tacca, and which description only differs from 
that of the specimen here figured in the margins of the 
perianth-lobes being purple, and the tips of the involucral 
bracts being more divided (pinnatifid). 

The earliest published account of the Polynesian Tacca 
appeared in 1778, in J. and G-. Forster's " Characteres 
Generum," which was followed ten years later by more 
detailed accounts in G. Forster's Florula of the Pacific 
Islands, and in his commentary on the esculent plants of 
the same. In the last of these works he identifies with 
his Tacca pinnatifida, the Tacca sativa and T. litorea of 
Rumpf's " Herbarium Amboinense," vol. v. p. 324, 328, t. 
112, 114, published in 1750; in which he is followed by 
Gaertner (who changed the specific name to pinnatifolia) ; 
and by Roxburgh,* who described as T. pinnatijice speci- 

* Eoxburgh, referring to Forster's description in the Commentatio, goes 
too far in saying that this author "quoted Eumpf s " T. phalli/era, t. 112 
(error for 113) as a variety of T. litorea. Forster merely alludes to the plate 
(113) as that of a wild variety of Tacca figured by Eumpf as having a para- 
sitic species of Phallus proceeding from the root, and ivhich he had not seen. 
Eoxburgh rightly referred the Phallus to his Arum campanulatum (Amor- 
phophallus campanulatus, Schott), but curiously enough, in his " Flora Indica" 
(vol. iii. p. 508) he describes the leaf of a Tacca (pinnatifida) as a new species 
of Arum, A. lyratum, (Amorphophallus lyratns, Engl.). 

mens cultivated in the Calcutta Botanical Gardens, of a 
plant which he had received from " the Malay countries." 

Of Rumpf 's two figures which represent what he takes for 
the cultivated and wild forms of Tacca (sativa and litorea), 
that of T. sativa is of a leaf only on a tuber covered with 
bulbils ; that of T. litorea is of a plant with small lanceo- 
late bracts, quite unlike those of Forster's T. pinnatifida, 
but closely agreeing with Roxburgh's description and ex- 
cellent drawing of the same which is now in the Kew 

Up to the date of the publication of the second volume 
of Roxburgh's " Flora Indica " (1832), nothing was known 
of any continental Indian Tacca (for Gartner's citation of 
Rheede's Hortus Malabaricus, vol. xi. t. 21, refers to an 
Aroid. a species of Theriojphonum ?). More recently, how- 
ever, a Tacca known as T. pinnatifida has been found 
abundantly in the Concan and Ceylon, and is cultivated 
in Travancore and perhaps elsewhere in India and as it 
accords with Roxburgh's Malayan plant, the question 
arises whether or no the narrow bracted Western species 
which extends from Amboyna to Western India, is specifi- 
cally the same with the broad bracted Polynesian. In 
favour of an affirmative answer it may be urged, that there 
is considerable variation amongst the Polynesian broad 
bracted forms. The flowers of the Fiji plant here figured 
are large and altogether green. Forster, as before ob- 
served, says of the Tahiti one that the perianth segments 
are bordered with purple, and Nuttall who recognized the 
difference between the Indian plant (which by oversight 
he regarded as the type) and the Polynesian, called the 
latter T. oceanica, and described the flowers as small brown 
or brownish-red. As far as can be determined from dried 
specimens in the Kew Herbarium and other data, the 
broad cucullate bracted form extends from the Sandwich 
and Society Islands to the Fijis, N. Australia, the Aru 
Isles, Malacca, and Madagascar (T. madagatcarimm, 
Noronha), and both coasts of tropical Africa. That with 
lanceolate bracts from Amboyna to India. A form of the 
latter is fairly well figured in Loddige's Botanical Cabi- 
nets, t. 692 ; another, with very narrow leaf-segments, in 
Kegel's Gartenflora, vol. xvii. (1868) p. 162, t. 582 (the 
accompanying analyses of which are purely imaginary); 

and a third with both leaf-segments and bracts very narrow 
in Lamarck's Encyclop. t. 232. Over and above these 
are numerous specimens from various localities in Asia and 
Africa that show many forms of bracts, from broad and 
cucullate through trapezif orm to broadly ovate and obovate 
and thence to lanceolate ; and innumerable varieties in the 
size and decomposition of the leaf and breadth of its seg- 
ments : so that in the absence of living specimens I am 
quite unable to distinguish the forms of T. pinnatifida by 
definite characters, whether as species or varieties. Their 
only pinnatifid-leaved ally is the stately T. artocarpifolia, 
Seem, of Madagascar, figured at t. 6124 of this work, 
which is remarkable for the very long lanceolate biseriate 
bracts, the inner erect, the outer defiexed, and the great 
size of the fruit, two inches long and pointed at both ends. 
That of T. pinnatifida varies much in shape, from ellip- 
soid to oblong, and in size, from one half to nearly one 
inch. J 

The root of Tacca pinnatifida attains the size of a large 
turnip ; that of the wild plant is described by Forster as 
the most bitter and acrid of roots, but rendered milder by 
cultivation, it yielding after pounding, maceration, and 
many washings, a starch equal to the best. The latter forms 
a iavounte food in many tropical countries of the old 
world, and has been imported into Europe. Pancher, in 
Ouzent s Tahiti, describes the root as yielding 30-60 
per cent, of fecula, the glucose from which yields 42 per 
cent, of alcohol, and adds that the natives make it into 
cakes called Poe Pia, and that the flower stems afford a 
white shmmg straw used for platting. 

I have found no mention of the Indian Tacca in any 
work devoted to the economic products of that country, 
except m Amshe's Materia Medica of Hindostan, under 
roots, where it is stated that it grows to a large size in 
Iravancore, is called Chanay Kelengu, and is much eaten, 
the natives adding an agreeable acid to subdue its natural 
pungency. Koxburgh says of the Malacca plant it is the 
.Lekin of the inhabitants of that town, and under 
Arum lyratum he gives it the Telinga name of Udavee- 

^ Th A e n u me Tacca is ' according to Rumpf, derived from 
the Amboynan " Taa ; " he adds that it is " Toja " of the 

Banda Islanders, and "Leeker" of certain Malays. 
According to Seemann (Fiji Flora) it is the "Pia" of 
Tahiti and Samoa, and the " Yabia" or " Yabia dina " of 
Viti, where it was formerly cultivated. Tubers were sent 
to the Royal Gardens from the Botanical Station in Fiji in 
1890, which flowered in January and February, 1891. 
Mr. Watson informs me that the perianth segments do 
not expand, and that in most cases the plants perished 
after flowering. — J. D. E. 

Tab. 7299. Reduced figure of T. pinnatifida, Fig. 1, flower; 2, the same 
with the perianth segment removed; 3, perianth segment and anther; 
4, front, and 5, dorsal view of anther ; 6, crown of ovary style and stigmas ; 
7 transverse section of ovary ; 8,ovule ; 9, section of the hlamentoui braoteolea 
of the inflorescence -.—All enlarged. 

Tab. 7300. Inflorescence of T, pinnatifida, of the nat. tizt. 


[ %"< 



TfincentBroaksDay^ 30 "' 

in A C°T.™lr 

Tab. 7301. 
RHODODENDRON eacemosqm. 

Native of Western China. 

Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Tribe Rhodore.e. 
Genus Rhododendron, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 699.) 

Rhododendron racemosum; fruticulus erectus, ramulis hornotinis BubBca- 
bride glandnlosis, foliis breviter petiolatis ellipticia obovatisve obtuaia 
basi rotundatis cuneatisve, supra glabris subtua glaucis confertim 
lepidotis, floribus in corymbos snbterminalea dispositis, gemmarum bracteis 
ochraeeo-fuscis extimia oblongia intimia linearibus, pedicellia flores 
parvos nutantea subsequantibns, calycis minuti lobia erectis rotundatis, 
corolla tubuloBO-campanulata rosea, lobis oblongis patentibua obtusis, 
staminibua 10 exsertia filamentis infra medium villosis, antheria brevi- 
bus, ovario 5doculari dense lepidoto, stylo elongato basi aubpiloao. 

R. racemosum, Franch in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. vol.xxxiii. (1886), p. 235. Hemil. 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxvi. (1889), p. 29. Garden and Forest, vol. v. 
(1892), p. 222 ; W. Watson, in " The Garden," vol. xlii. (1892), p. 311. 

The figure here given is that of the true B. racemosum, 
and it precisely corresponds with specimens of the wild 
plant in the Herbarium of the Royal Gardens, communi- 
cated from the Jardin des Plantes, by M. Franch et, the 
author of the species. It also accords, as Mr. Watson 
informs me, with plants grown under this name by Messrs. 
Veitch, who received them from the Jardin de Plantes, 
where they were raised from seed collected by Father 
Delavay, S.J., in China, but not well with the figure in 
" The Garden," which represents a robust plant with leaves 
one and a half to one and three-quarters inches long, and 
flowers one to one and a quarter inches diameter. 

Under Tab. 7159 of this work I have made a few observa- 
tions on the immense accessions to the genus Rhododendron, 
accruing from the travels of collectors in the mountainous 
regions of Western China. R. racemosum is one of them ; 
^ was discovered in the mountains of the Province of 
Yunnan, at elevations of eight thousand to ten thousand 

Ji: n* 1st, 1893. 

feet above the sea. Its nearest ally amongst the Hima- 
layan species is R. glaucum, Hook. f. (Tab. 4721), which 
it closely resembles in many characters, bnt differs in the 
minute obtuse calyx-lobes. 

The specimen here figured was sent me by Dr. Balfour, 
F.R.Gr., from the Eoyal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, where 
it flowered in March of the present year. It also flowered 
at about the same time at Kew, and with Messrs. Veitch 
in the Combe wood Nurseries. It is perfectly hardy, and 
very sweet-scented. — J.D.H. 

Pig 1, Portion of tradersurface of leaf, showing the peltate scales ; 2, calyx 
and pistil ; 3, scale from the calyx ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 6, transverse section 
of ovary : — all enlarged. 


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Sm JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., K.C.S.L, C.B., F.R.s., f.l. 

"Exit Eixutot of tfa IRoyal botanic Ciarticns of Ktto. 

•race i 

L O N D 



Evening" Fete. 
Musical Promenades. 


BRITISH FUNGI, Phycomycetes and Ustilaginese. 

B R I T I S It F IT TV £+ o T. O O \T . 


and Ferns Indigenous 


T /~\ TT -r-fc tit • 




r Lori.dc 

Tab. 7302. 
Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Palkle. — Tribe Coryphe m. 
Genus Acanthorhiza, Wendl; (BentA. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 925). 

Acanthorhiza, aculeata ; arborea, trunco basi radicibus asreis apinoaia 
inatructo annulato apice folioso, foliia patulia orbicularibua sinu bad 
anguato ad trientem partem plicato-multifidia lsete viridibus aubtua 
albeacentibus, lobia ensiformibus acutis v. apice 2-3-fidia 5-coatatis et 
multinerviis subdecurvis ainubua anguatia nudia v. filiferia ligula late 
ovata obtuaa coucava crasaa, petiolo laminae subsquilongo biconvexo, 
marginibua subacutis, vagina brevi fibrosa, apadice decurvo compreaso 
breviter pedunculato paniculatim ramoao, rachi ramisque brevibus craaais, 
spatbis 3-4 elongatis albia decidui8, floribua pallidia denae spicatia 
craase coriaceia, calycis lobis erectis oblongis obtnsia, petalia calyci &qm< 
longis orbicularibua concavia, filamentia aubulatis craasis baai connatiB, 
antheris oblongo-lanceolatis patenti-recurvia, ovariia anguate ovoideia in 
stylos aequilongos erectoa attenuatis. 

A. acnleata, S. Wendl. em Andre in Illustr. Sortie, vol. xxvi., p. 185, t. 367; 
et in Kerchove Les Palmiers, p. 230. Semsl. in Biol. Centr. Amcr. 
Sot. iii. 411. 

Trithrinax aculeata, Liehm. ex Mart. Hist. Nat. Palm. vol. iii. p. 320. 

Chanueropa stauracantha, Sort. Belg. ex Linden Cat., et Seynh. Nomenc. vol. 
ii. p. 136. 

A very handsome palm discovered by M. M. Linden and 
Funck in 1840 in the Forests of Chiapas, Tabasco 1 ro- 
vince of S.E. Mexico, on mountains of 2-3000 ft. el 
tion, and introduced into Europe by M. Linden. It has 
also been found by Liebmann in Western Mexico, in Bamboo 
jungles in a calcareous soil between La Galera and Fo- 
chutla, and in woods near San Miguel del Puerto Witb 
Chamsedorea pochutlensis, neither of which localities have J 
been able to identify. It belongs to a small genus of six or 
seven species, all natives of Mexico, Central America and 
Guatemala, and remarkable for the rigid spinous adventi- 
tious roots that are thrown out from the base ot the 
trunk, and in young plants for several feet upwards. I lie 
figure in the Illustration Ilorticole is of a young plant 

Jvi-y 1st, 1893. 

neither in flower nor fruit, nor is it accompanied with 
any further description than that of the locality and dis- 
coverers as given above. The leaves are represented as 
divided much more deeply (nearly to the base) than in the 
figure here given, but this deeper division of the leaves 
is a marked feature of immature plants of palmate-leaved 

In the meagre description given by Martius, evidently 
of a young specimen of this species, the trunk is described 
as four to six feet high, covered with fragments of fronds, 
and aculeate towards the top, characters not shown in 
our specimen. (Can the top be an oversight for the 
base ?) Dr. "Wendland informs me that a specimen in the 
Royal Garden of Herrenhausen flowered there many years 
ago, but did not fruit. Of the Kew plant no history 
is retained. It was no doubt obtained from Belgium soon 
after the importation of seeds half a century ago. It is 
now^ 27 ft. high, with a girth of trunk 2J ft. ; the leaves 
are 5 ft. diam., the petiole 3-4 ft. ; the crown of leaves is 
11 ft. diam. The peduncle rachis and branches of the 
spadix are pale yellow, the flower a dark creamy pink. 
It flowered in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens in 
November, 1892. 

%.!, flower; 2, petal; 3, stamens; 4, fruit; 5, back view of stamen; 
t>, pistils -.—All enlarged. 

"WncerftBrooltsPay &Sonlmp 

Tab. 7303. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Thymii^ace^;. 
Genus Lasiosiphon,. Fresen. ; (Benth. $f Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 197.) 

Lasiosiphon, anthylloides; canle ereeto folioso, foliis sessilibus patulis v. 
decurviset revolutis oblongo-lanceolatis acntis utrinque subtus pnucipue 
sericeo-villosis pancinerviis, supremis confertis suberectis apicibus recurvis 
involucrum campanulatum efficientibas, floribus umbellatis subsessilibus, 
perianthii tubo 1^-pollicari gracilHmo sericeo-piloso involucro duplo 
longiore, limbi sulphurei lobis ovato-oblongis obtusis extus pilosis fance 
esquamato, antheris linearibus, ovario oblongo basi angustato apice 
parce piloso. 

L. anthylloides, Meissn. in DO. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 595. 

Passerina anthylloides, Linn.f. Suppl. p. 226. Thumb. Prodr. Ft. Cap. p. 
76; et Fl. Gap. p. 377. Wikstr. Thymel.-p.M7. Meisen. in Linnsea, vol. 
xiv. p. 392, et in Hook. Lond. Joum. Bot. vol. ii. (1843), p. 551, sphalm. 

Dais sericea, LamJc. Diet. vol. ii, p. 767. 

D. anthylloides, EcM. & Zey. Herb. n. 3765, 35. 

Arthrosolen anthylloides, C. A. Mey. in Bull. Acad. Petersb. vol. iv. n. 4. 
F-ndl. Gen. PI. Suppl. iv. p. 2. 

Gnidia tomentosa, Pekl. in Herb, (non alior.). 

The natural Order Thymelseacese abounds in South 
Africa, where it is represented by many chiefly endemic 
genera j to this, however, Lasiosij)hon forms an exception, 
for to about twenty endemic African and Madagascar 
species, there is added a continental Indian one, the L. 
eriocephalus, Decne, which under seven specific names ex- 
tends from the North Western Himalaya to Ceylon and 
Malacca. The African species are small shrubs with a 
good deal of the habit of the Australian genus Pimelea, 
as the species here figured shows. It, however, differs 
widely from Pimelea in the five-lobed perianth and ten 
stamens. L. anthylloides is a very variable plant in size, 
in the stout or slender branches, in the direction of the 
lanceolate to oblong leaves, and in their silky hairiness. 
July 1st, 1893. 

As with so many plants of Eastern South Africa, it has a 
very wide range of distribution, from the hilly districts of 
Natal, the Transvaal and Orange Free State, to lat. 28° S., 
ascending to 4000 ft., on the Winterhock Mts., near 
Uitenhage, in nearly 34° S. lat. The variety represented 
is a very elegant one from the graceful habit and the 
disposition of the revolute decurved silky leaves ; it was 
sent in 1889, for figuring by Mr. Lynch, A.L.S., from the 
Cambridge Botanic Gardens, where it flowered in a 
greenhouse in the month of September, 1889. — J". D. H. 

Tig. 1, Back of leaf; 2, flower with the perianth-tube laid open; 3, base 
of pedicel disk and ovary ; 4, summit of style and Btigma :— All enlarged. 


LReeveA. C°lc 

Tab. 7304. 
MISCANTHTJS sinensis. 

Native of China and Jafan. 

Nat. Ord. Gbaminb^. — Tribe Andropogone-S. 
Genus Miscanthus, Anderss. ; (Bentk. & HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 1125.) 

Miscanthus, sinensis; culmis erectis robustis glabris v. infra paniculam 
villosam pubescentibus, foliis linearibns canaliculatis supra glabris v. parce 
pilosis subtus pubescentibus marginibus scabridis, vaginis glabris scaberu- 
lisve ligula ciliata, panicula erecta flabellata, racemis elongatis corymboso- 
fastigiatis sessilibus multifloris infimis 3-4-nis racbim saspissime superan- 
tibus, spiculis pedicellatis A poll, longis stramineis nitidis glabris'v. sparse 
pilosis villos albos v. subviolaceos suba?quantibus, gluma i. et ii. acumi- 
natis, iii. hyalina ciliata, iv. integra v. apice bifida dentibus subulatis, 
arista gracillima gluma duplo v. triplo longiore, palea brevissima 2-3-fida 
v. lacera. 

M. sinensis, Anderss. in (Efvers. K. Vets. Akad. Fbrhandl. Stockh. (1855), 
166. Sackel in DC. Monog. Than. vol. vi. p. 105. 

Erianthus japonicus, Beauv. ex Roem. # Sch. Syst. vol. ii. p. 324. Nees in 
Hook, et Am. Bot. Beech. Toy. p. 242. 

Eulalia japonica, Trin. in Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. 6, vol. ii. p. 333; et 
Hortulanorum . 

E. japonica, var. foliis univittatis, Carr. & Andre in Rev. Ilortic. (1889), 
p. 516. 

Eipidium japonicum, Trin. Fund. p. 169. 

Saccharum japonicum, Thunb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. ii. p. 328 in part. 
Willd. Sp. PL vol. i. p. 321. 

S. polydactylon, var. /3. Thunb. Ft Jap. p. 43. 

The handsome grass here figured belongs to a small 
Eastern Asiatic, Himalayan and Polynesian genus, closely 
allied to that of the sugar-cane, Saccharum, from which it 
differs in the rachis of the raceme not being articulated and 
becoming disjointed at the bases of the pedicels of the 
spikelets; as also in the corymbiform or flabelliform 
panicle, the lower racemes of which often exceed in length 
the rachis of the panicle itself. Hackel, the latest and 
best authority on the Andropogineous grasses, enumerates 
seven species of Miscanthus, which are probably reducible 
to five or six. As the cited synonyms (taken from 
July 1st, 1893. 

Hackel's monograph) show, there has been confusion in 
the nomenclature of the two Miscanthi founded by Anders- 
son on the old Saccharum japonicum of Thunberg; 
namely, M. sinensis and japonicus. Of both of these there 
are sufficient specimens in the Kew Herbarium, but being 
undistinguishable by the characters given by Hackel, I 
requested Dr. Stapf (Assistant for India in the Kew 
Herbarium), to be so good as to compare them critically 
for me ; and he has kindly given me as his opinion, that 
though very distinct in the extreme forms, they pass into 
one another in portions of their common area, but that 
each being rather uniformly distributed over large tracts, 
they may be kept as distinct species. The following are 
his characters of the extreme forms : — ■ 

M. sinensis ; leaves 3- rarely to 6- lin. broad, often 
stngose; panicle flabelliform ; rachis short, with rather 
stouter racemes; pedicels straight or slightly curved; 
outer glumes 2-2f rarely 3 in. long, long-acuminate, 
glabrous or with few hairs '.—Distrib. Tonkin to Corea, 
Loochoo Islds., and var. purpurascens with more hairy or 
villous glumes (M. purpurascens, Anderss.) Japan. 

M. japonicus; leaves 8-10 lin. broad, rarely 1* in., 
glabrous; panicle oblong or obovate, ' rachis elongate; 
racemes slender; pedicels slender, usually more or less 
recurved; outer glumes L-l| rarely 2 lin. long or (longer 
in Philippine and Polynesian specimens) acuminate, 
glabrous .-Distrib. J apan , China, Philippines, N. Cale- 
donia and Polynesian Islds. 

The broad-banded leaved Eulalia japonica, figured in 
Gard. Ghron. (1877), p. 565, fig. 89, referred to sinensis 
by Hackel, agrees better with M. japonicus. 

lae specimen here figured flowered in the open-air 
in the Royal Gardens, Kew, in September, 1892. 

ii-ft glu P m e rt |^ 6 8h p e a a le h VW* 1 \ ^^ 3 ' * W L ' 4 ' * l ™« 
enlarged. P ' '' lodlcul es; 8, anther; 9, ovary:— All greatly 


M S.ael.JNFochlith 

Vm«rA Brooks Day & S<m&n{? 

L "Reeve &_C r 

Tab. 7305. 


Native of Madeira. 

Nat. Ord. Vacciniace^;. Tribe Euvaccinie^:. 
Genua Yacciniijm, Linn,; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 573). 

Vaccinitjm (Euvaccinium) padifolium ; arbnscula v. arbor parva, foliis deciding 
ovato-oblongia acutia serrulatia subtus pubescentibus, racemis foliosis, 
pedicellis cernuis, bracteis foliaceis aerrulatis, calycis lobis late ovatia, 
corolla campanulata roseo-luteola breviter 5-loba, lobis obtusis, antheria 
puberulis ecalcaratis tubulis loculos cequantibus, baccis cceruleia. 

V. padifolium, 8m. in Bees Cyclop, vol. xxxvi. (1819), Vaccin. n. 22. Loud. 
Arhoret. Brit. vol. ii. p. 1164 (excl. syn.). 

P. maderense, Link Enum. Hort. Berol. p. 375 (1821). 1)0. Prodr. vol. vii. 
p. 567. Lowe Man. PI. Mader. p. 580. PL. Wats, in Godman Nat. Hist. 
Azores, p. 191. 

V. Arctostaphyloa, Willd. Sp. PI. vol. ii. p. 353 pro parte. Andrews Bot. 
Bepos. t. 30. Ait. Hort. Kew Ed. vol. ii. p. 358 (pro parte). 

The Madeiran whortleberry was first published by Sir 
James Smith in Rees' Cyclopasdia in 1819, a work very 
naturally overlooked by the botanists of the day, as in- 
deed it is down to the present period. It was hence again 
published by Link in 1821, under the name of V. maderense. 
It is very closely allied to V. Arctostaphylos, Willd. of 
Asia Minor and the Caucasus, if not indeed specifically 
the same species, as is held by many botanists, notwith- 
standing its wide severance in geographical area, in which 
respect it recalls Rhododendron ponticum, a plant found 
nowhere between Asia Minor and South Spain. V. Arcto- 
staphylos is figured at t. 974 of this magazine, and a com- 
parison of its figure with that of V. padifolium shows such 
differences as there are between them. 

Another and indeed more closely allied plant is V. 
longiflorum, Wikstr. a form of V. cylindraceum, Smith (but 
kept apart by Guthnick in the " Flora Azorica," a native 
of the Azores, in which the corolla is sometimes a full inch 
long and cylindrical. The late Mr. H. Watson, who made 

July 1st, 1893. 

a critical study of these three species for Godman's " Nat. 
Hist, of the Azores," sums up as his view, that longi- 
florum and cylindricum mean just the same thing, all the 
laboured distinctions set forth in order to keep up two 
species being mere verbiage." And that with regard to 
V. cylindricum and maderense, " the flowers do appear 
much dissimilar in length and thus so far likewise in form, 
my largest Azore flowers being a full inch long, the 
smallest Madeiran less than half an inch. But an approxi- 
mate gradation in size is readily traced which leaves barely 
J of an inch between the largest flowers of the Madeiran 
and the shortest of the Azorean." 

Whether as a species or variety there can be no doubt 
of the common origin of these Asia Minor and Madeiran 
and Azorean Vaccinia^ and that (like the Rhododendron 
above alluded to) and the Indian forms of Lcmrinede existing 
in the Canary Islands, it points to Spain and the Atlantic 
Islands, being the isolated western homes of the fragments 
of a Flora that once extended over Europe and North 
Africa; but now, through climatic changes elsewhere 
expelled from those great continents. 

V. padifolium was introduced into Kew in 1777 from 
Madeira by Francis Masson, a collector for the Royal 
Gardens, where it has been in cultivation ever since. The 
figure here given is made from what is probably the 
original plant, which has stood ever since I can recollect 
(since 1843) in the grass-plot on the left-hand side of the 
principal entrance on Kew Green, where it flowers annually 
in June or July, and fruits in September. In Madeira, 
where it attains the size of a small tree, it inhabits 
elevations of 2000 to 5000 ft., and its fruit makes an 
excellent preserve. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Pedicel, bracts, calyx and style; 2 and 3. front and back view of 
stamens ; 4, pistil :— All enlarged. 

Tab. 7306. 
CROTALARIA longieosteata. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Legtjminos.e. Tribe GtE\iste,e. 
Genus Crotalaria, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. 479.) 

Crotalaria, longirostrata; suffruticosa, ramis elongatis gracilibus glabris, 
foliis 3-foliolatis, foliolis oblongo- v. cuneato-obovatis utrinque rotun- 
da tis apice mucronulatis, supra glabris subtus incanis et brevissime 
appresse pilosis, stipulis bracteisque minutis subulatis deciduis, racemis 
erectis elongatis multifloris, calyce glabriusculo late campanulato,*lobis 
tubo bemispherico triplo longioribus incurvis acuminatis, 2 superioribus 
ovatis 3 inferioribus lanceolatis, vexillo amplo latiore quam longo, 
reflexo emarginato alis oblongis paullo longiore, ungue ciliato, carina? 
petalis breviter stipitatis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, legumine elliptico- 
cylindraceo vix puberulo, sutura ventrali profunde sulcata. 

C. lorigirostrata, Hook. 8f Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 285, 414. Whip. Rep. 
Bot. vol. i. p. 594. Hemsl. in Biol. Gentr. Amer. Bot. vol. i. p. 226. 

A very handsome greenhouse plant, described as suffru- 
ticose, but, though copiously branched, herbaceous as 
grown in the Royal Gardens, where it forms a conspicuous 
winter feature in the Begonia house, flowering freely from 
December to March, and attaining a yard in height. \t 
was discovered by the late Dr. Sinclair, Surgeon in H.M. 
Blossom during the Surveying Voyage of Capt. Beechey, at 
Acapulco on the west coast of Mexico, and also in 
the province Jalisco by other officers of the ship, and on 
the Volcano de Fuego in Guatemala, alt. 5300 ft., by Mr. 
Salvin, F.R.S., and at Mazatenango, by Bernoulli. 

The Kew plant was raised from seed sent by the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture of the United States of America in 
1891, and it flowered in the present year. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, claw and base of standard ; 3, petal of wings ; 4, petal of 
keel ; 5, stamens and pistil : — All enlarged. 
July 1st, 1893. 


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"Vincent BrookSjDay &.Sa7vItnp 

L.TR.eeve &.C? Lan-dc 

Tab. 7307. 
phajus tubebculosus. 

Native of Madagascar. 

Nat. Ord. OncHiDEiE. — Tribe Epidendre^e. 
Genus Phajus, Lour.,- (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 512). 

Phajus (Grastrorchis) tuberculosus ; caudice crasso articulato, foliis subfascicu- 
latis lanceolatis attenuato-acuminatis in petiolnm pseudobulbo parvo 
ovoideo articulatum insidentem angustatis, pedunculo e caudice ori- 
undo elato pluri-vaginato, racemo erecto multifloro, bracteis ovato- 
lanceolatis oyaria sequantibus, floribus 3-poll. latis, sepalis petalisque 
ovato-oblongis obtusiusculis albidis, labelli tubo flavido subcylindraceo 
basi in gibbum rotundatum inflato, limbo dilatato 3-lobo, lobis laterali- 
bua amplis auriculasformibus recurvia aureis rufo creberrime et grosse 
punctatis marginibus crenato-lobulatis, lobo terminali rotundato 2- 
lobulato crispato-crenato albo purpureo maculato, disco carinis 3 crassis 
abbreviatis aureis ornato, columna incurva exalata apicem versus sparse 
setulosa, polliniis elongatis. 

P. tuberculosus, Blume Orchid. Arehip. Ind. p. 13, t. xi.; Mus. Bot. Lugd. 
Bat. vol. ii. p. 181. Warner, Orchid. Album, vol. ii. t. 91. Oodefr. 
Orchidophile, p. 93 cum Ic. Veitch Man. Orchid. Part vi. p. 13, cum Ic. 
Rolfe in Lindenia, vol. vii. p. 79, t. 326. Eegel. Gartenfl. 1. 1339. Reichen- 
bachia, Ser. 2, vol. i. p. 7, t. 4. Sortie. Beige, 1892, p. 145. Gard. 
Chron. 1881, vol. i. p. 342 ; 1882, vol. ii. p. 565, f. 101 ; 1884, vol. i. p. 
520, f. 104. 

P. tuberculatus, Gard. Ghron.1881, vol. i. f. 67. 

Iiimodorum tuberculosum, TJiouars, Orchid. Ties Austr. Afrique, t. 31. 

Bletia tuberculosa, Spreng. Syst. Veg. vol. iii. p. 744. Lindl. Gen. & Sp. 
Orchid, p. 123. 

Decidedly the most beautiful species of the noble genus 
Phajus, which is perhaps, all points considered, including 
facility of cultivation of the majority of the species, one of 
the most striking of the Order. It belongs to a small 
section of the genus, natives of Madagascar and other 
African Islands in the Indian Ocean, differing from the 
Euphaji by the gibbous spurless base of the tube of the lip. 
Though only recently introduced into cultivation, it has 
long been known to Botanists, having been described by 
Petit Thouars in 1822 ; and there are specimens in the 
August 1st, 1893. 

Kew Herbarium from various collectors and various locali 
ties in Madagascar, from near the sea to the central region. 
The plant here figured was obtained in 1889 from 
Messrs. F. Sander and Co. of St. Albans, who imported it 
from Madagascar, whence it was transmitted by the 
brothers Humblot. It flowered in the Boyal Gardens in 
February of the present year. Mr. Watson informs me 
that its successful cultivation is difficult, and that at Kew 
it is planted on a piece of tree-fern stem with sphagnum, 
and kept in the most humid and hot part of the stove. 
The flowers have a faint sweet odour. — J". D. E. 

Fig. 1, side and front view of column ; 3, anther ; 4 and 5, pollinia. 




L Reeve &C° London. 

Tab. 7308. 
SPHJEROLOBIUM grandifloeum. 

Native of Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos-e. Tribe Podalyrie^. 
Genus Sphjerolobium, 8m. ; (Benth. $[ Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 469.) 

Sphsrolobium (Eusphaarolobium) grandiflorum ; ramulis gracillimis pendulis 
noriferis aphyllis, foliis parvis linearibus obtusia, tioribus geminis 
racemosia, bracteis minutia, pedicellis calycem subequantibus, bracteolia 
minutia linearibus,calycis nigro-punctati tuboobconico limbo subequilonero, 
vexillo oblato emarginato aureo fascia lunuri ru*>ra notato, alis vexillo 
brevioribus acinaciformibus obtusis, carina? petalis alis fere duplo 
lHti'iribns (lokbrifor nibus, stylo eloogato incurvo infra apicem alato, 
legumine latiore quain longo. 

S. grandiflorum, It. Br. em Benth. in PI. BTueg. Enum. 32 ; in Ann. Wien. 
Mus. vol. ii. p. 76, et in Fl. Austral, vol. ii. p. 66. Meissn. in PI. Preiss. 
vol. i. p. 57. 

This beautiful greenhouse plant belongs to a genus of 
thirteen species, confined with a single exception to South- 
Western Australia. That exception is the 8. vimineum, 
Sm., figured at t. 969 of this work, which has a very wide 
range in Australia, from Port Jackson to Tasmania and 
westward to S. Australia, and which is so insignificant as 
compared with the present species, that but for the abun- 
dance of its flowers and graceful habits, it would not in 
these days be thought worthy of cultivation. It is the most 
closely allied of all to 8. grandiflorum, which, as far as can 
be judged from herbarium specimens of the other species 
(none of which except vimineum have been figured), is the 
handsomest of the genus. 

8. grandiflorum was discovered by Menzies, the natu- 
ralist of Vancouver's voyage, at King George's Sound, 
where it has been since collected near Albany, by Preiss 
and Drummond, and further West in bogs of the Vasse 
river in Geographe Bay by Oldfield, and at Phillip's river 
by Maxwell. 

August 1st, 1893. 

The seeds from which the plant here figured were raised, 
were contained in a parcel of miscellaneous unnamed 
Australian seeds, presented to the Royal Gardens by Miss 
Kate F. G. Logue, Udoc, W. Australia, in 1889. The 
plant itself flowered in the Temperate House in April of 
this year, and was very attractive. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, stamens and style; 2, standard; 3, wing-petal; 4, keel- 
petal ; 5, ovary : all from the flowering specimen and enlarged. — Fig. 6, pod 
of the natural size; 7, the same enlarged ; 8, seed enlarged : all from Herbarium 



"\5nceni Bl 

1. Reeve &C? 

Tab. 7309. 
BROWNLEEA ocebulea. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. Tribe Ophryde^. 
Genus Bbownleea, Harv. ; (Benth. & Eook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 631). 

Brownleea ccerulea; tubere amorpbo lobato, caule gracili paucifoliato, foliis 
sessilibus v. breviter petiolatis ovatis lanceolatisve acuminatis 3-co'statis, 
spica laxe multiflora, bracteis lanceolatis ovaria Eequantibus, floribus 
pallide cceruleis punctis saturate violaceis conspersis, sepalo dorsali erecto 
mfundibulari in calcar elongatum rectum v. lente flexuosum horizontale 
apice clavellatum attenuato, sepalis lateralibus porrectis oblon»is obtusis, 
petabs ori sepali dorsali cohasrentibus acinaciformibus, labello brevissirao 
marginibus columna? adnato medio in processum parvum erectum obtusum 
(lobum medium) instructo. 

B. coernlea, Harv. ess Lindl. in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. vol. i. (1842) p 16 

Harv. Thes. Capens, vol. ii. p. 2, t. 103. 
B. macroceras, Sond. in Linnsea, vol. xix. (1847) p. 106. 
B. madagascarica, Ridley in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxii. (1887) p. 126. 

The genus Brownleea, which consists of three species 

of South African terrestrial Orchids, was founded by 

Lindley on two of the species, of which one is here 

figured. Lindley describes the genus as having the habit 

of Disa, adding, "but the petals (unless I greatly err) 

cohere with the posterior sepal, and the labellum, which is 

exceedingly minute, is reflected back on the column to 

which its margins adhere, whilst its inner or upper surface 

is free ; thus forming a little pouch." Of the above 

characters the only one of importance in distinguishing 

Brownleea from Disa, is the small upturned lip, for the 

adhesion of the petals to the dorsal sepal is probably 

apparent only, and due to drying (as I have found to be 

the case in Habenaria and other genera). In the Genera 

Plantarum (Key to the Genera of Orchids, iii. 487) 

Brownleea is erroneously described as having no spur, and 

m the body of that work (p. 631) as having an erect 

concave or helmet-shaped odd sepal without a spur ; and 

August 1st, 1893. 

in a note appended to the description of the genus, it 
says, " Certainly closely allied to Lisa although the stigma 
is hardly pulvinate." 

The genus was named at Dr. Harvey's suggestion, after 
the Rev. J. Brownlee, a missionary stationed in King 
William's Town, Caffraria, and an observing naturalist, 
who discovered this and another species (B. parviflora, 
Harv.) in sheltered spots amongst trees near the above 
station. A third D. recurvata, Sond. (in Linngea, vol. xix. 
p. 106), also from Caffraria, has been added to the genus. 
D. coerulea has since been found in manv other localities 
in S.E. Africa, from Natal, alt. 3-4000 ft., to Grahamstown, 
and also in Madagascar. — /. D. E. 

mS™? 1 ^ -°T y ^ fl ? wer with the lateral se P a] s cut off, showing the 

vZl 3 col ^n D f /° nt ir f - the COl ^ D and adnate t0 i4 > 2 > d °™ 1 «epaland 
petals , 6, column ; 4, pollmmm :— All enlarged. 


Tab. 7310. 

ilex conocarpa. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Ilicine^e. 
Genus Ilex, Linn. ; (Benth. & Eook.f. Gen. PI vol. i. p. 356.) 

Ilex conocarpa ; frutex 6-pedalis, ramulis robustis apice cum peduncnlis 
calycibusque subtiliter puberulia sulcatis, foliis lanceolatis acuminatiB 
serrulatis in petiolum validum angustatia coriaceia glaberrimis subtus 
pallidioribus nigro-punctulatis, nervis laterabilus 10-12 prominulis 
reticulatis, spicis solitariis v. glomeratis cylindraceis crassis densifloria 
petiolum superantibus v. abbreviatis, masculia f-1 \ lin. longis, foemineis 
brevioribus, floribus tetrameris, masculia 2-2| in. diam. foem. minoribus, 
calycis lobis rotundatia, staminibua corollse lobis paullo brevioribus, 
drupa 2§ lin. longa ovoideo-conica, stigmate depresse mamillari 

I. conocarpa, Beiss. in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. xi. pars i. p. 66, t. xiii. f. 14 

Ilex conocarpa is an interesting plant economically, as 
being one of that extensive Brazilian genus which yields a 
1 Mate," or Paraguay tea, though to what extent this is 
used, or whether as a substitute for, or an adulteration of 
the true " Mate," I have no means of ascertaining. Of 
the " Mate " yielding Ilexes, it is stated in Martius' 
" Flora," 1. c. p. 123, that I. theezans, diuretica, sorbilis, 
domestica, pseudothea, medica, and conocarpa, are, together 
with Villarezia mucronata 3 all confounded in Brazil under 
the name of Oongonha or Gongonha, and are worthy of 
Mention as similar or equal to the true I. paraguensis,* in 
virtues and uses, but that they have not been chemically 
investigated. All are indigenous in Brazil, none being 
described as cultivated, and they belong some to one, some 

s J; paraguarieneia ia tbe name originally (in 1822) given to the Bpecies by 
»t. Hilaire, in Mem. du Mus. vol. ix. (1822) p. 351, no doubt in reference to the 
town of Paraguari, in Paraguay; but aa it waa abandoned by its author and re* 
i8o ^ *^ at of "*■ ^ ate in 1824, Lambert's I. paraguensis, also published 
in 1824, may be adopted in preference, as being much earlier than the usually 
adopted paragimyensis. 
August 1st, 1893. 

to the other of the two divisions into which Reiss has 
divided the sixty-three Brazilian species, namely the 
punctate and impunctate leaved, the former of which 
includes I. conocarpa. 

Of the true Mate, a good figure is given at tab. 3992 
of this work, and a very full description of the plant 
and its uses, in the London Journal of Botany, vol. i. p. 
35. It differs from I. conocarpa, in the broader leaves, and 
especially in the smaller panicled greenish flowers, and in 
the globose fruit ; and it has a more southern range, from 
Rio to Paraguay, where it abounds wild, and has been 
cultivated by the Jesuits. 

L conocarpa belongs (as stated above) to the punctate- 
leaved section of the genus, of which Reiss describes no 
less than twenty-nine species (including I. paraguensis) 
which are so nearly allied that he has not been able to 
subdivide them sectionally. Its distinctive character is 
the conical fruit, of which I have seen no example, and 
without which its identification cannot be considered abso- 
lutely determined ; but the plant here figured being in all 
respects identical with that collected by Gardner in bushy 
hills about Ouro Preto in Piauhy (N. 5004) and which is re- 
garded by Reiss as typical of his /. conocarpa, I see no 
reason for doubting its being correctly named. 

The plant here figured was sent from the Botanical 
Gardens of Rio to those of Kew by Monsieur A. G-laziou, 
in 1889, and flowered in a stove in March of the present 
year. Only male flowers were produced. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Cluster of flowers ; 2, section of calyx and imperfect ovary ; 3, corolla 
laid open ;— All enlarged. 

Postscript to Tab. 7310. Ilex conocarpa. 

When making, under the description of the above-named 
plant, some observations on the synonymy of its congener, 
/. paraguensis, it had escaped my memory that Mr. N. E. 
Brown, in an important essay on the Paraguay Tea plants, 
published in the Kew Bulletin (for 1892, p. 133) had 
proved that the I. paraguayensis, Tab. 3992 of tins Maga- 
zine, is a species of Eiseodendron, probably E. quadrangula- 
tum, Reiss. (in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. xi. p. 33, t. 5, f. 1, 2) ; 
and that the figure of I. paraguayensis in Hooker's Journal 
of Botany, vol. i. (1842), t. 3, is I. nigropunctata, Miera 
(I. affinis, var. angnsti folia, Reiss. 1. c. p. 70, t. 14, f. 9). 
Of the other species for which I have cited the Flora 
Brasiliensis as yielding a Mate, Mr. Brown regards 
I. sorbilis, I. domestica and L thesezans as varieties of I. 

131 1 


^fincent Bro ote,2? 


Tab. 7311. 

MUSA Mannii. 
Native of Assam. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^:. Tribe Muse^e. 
Genus Musa, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 655.) 

Musa Mannii ; caudici gracili bumile basi stolonifera, foliia longiuscule potio- 
latis lineari-oblongis obtusis basi cuneatis v. rotundatis, spica elongata 
laxiflora inclinata, bracteis oblongis cymbiformibus obtusis glabris roseis 
3-floris, fl. masc. 2-pollicaribus tubulosis flavin, calycis cylindracei striati 
lobis 5 minutis recurvis, corolla calyce breviore apice truncata breviter 
obtuse 3-loba, antheris filamentis pluries longioribus apicibus exsertis, 
baccis fusiformibus trigonis glabris. 

M. Mannii, H. Wencll. ms. ; Baker in Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. v. p. 263. 

The Asiatic and Polynesian species of Musa are imper- 
fectly known, and the published descriptions being for the 
most part very imperfect, botanists in Europe are depen- 
dent on cultivated specimens or on good drawings made 
from living ones for what little is ascertained about them. 

They fall under three groups, 1st, those with short 
ovoid stems, which are not stoloniferous (the whole plant 
dying after flowering), and with many -fid. bracts. Of 
these, M. superba, Eoxb., figured at tab. 3849 of this work, 
is the type : — 2nd, those with erect stems stoloniferous at 
tke base, and many-fld. bracts. To this belongs M. 
Sapientum, with its innumerable cultivated varieties : — 3rd 
those with slender stoloniferous stems and few-fld. bracts. 
Of these the only satisfactorily figured or described species 
are M. rosacea, Jacq. of the Eastern Himalaya, and M. 
sanguinea, of the Assam Valley, figured at Tab. 5975 ; 
but it has long been known that others exist in Assam 
under the names of assamica, aurantiaca, dasycarpa, and 
velutina. All of these were, I believe, discovered by the 
veteran explorer, Dr. Gustav Mann, of the Indian Forest 
Department, whose previous travels and botanical dis- 

August 1st, 18P3. 

coveries in tropical Western Africa have immortalized 

M. Mannii resembles most in habit M. rosacea, Jacq., a 
plant first imported to England from and supposed to be 
a native of the Mauritius (an island that does not contain an 
indigenous species of the genus) but which was no doubt 
introduced thither from India. It differs from M. Mannii 
in the longer-petioled leaves, large pale purplish bracts 
six to ten inches long, and the shorter deeper yellow 

The plant here figured was received from Dr. Wendland 
of the Herrenhausen Botanical Gardens, Hanover, in 1885, 
and has flowered annually in the Royal Gardens, Kew, in 
the month of March. It was unfortunately not brought 
to me for figuring until after the female perianth had fallen 
away. The stem attains a height of two feet, and a girth 
of three and a half inches at the base, the leaf two feet in 
length by seven inches broad, its petiole eight inches. 
The spadix was six inches long. The fruit is small, three 
to four inches long, fusiform, obtusely trigonous, with a 
very broad truncate apex. Mr. Watson has succeeded in 
procuring ripe fruits from fertilizing M. Mannii with 
pollen of M. rosacea. These are about two inches long, 
obtusely trigonous, green with a pale sweet glutinous 
pulp and many seeds. The seeds are black, J inch long, 
irregularly oblong, plano-convex or trigonous ; the testa 
rough, crustaceous ; the albumen flowery ; and the embryo 
lateral. They have not as yet germinated.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Male flower; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, top of style and stigma; 
5, transverse section of ovary -.—All enlarged. 


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L.Reev-e SiC" London. 

Tab. 7312. 

BAUH1NIA variegata, var. Candida. 

Native of Tropical Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^b. Tribe Bauhinie^:. 
Genus Bauhinia, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 575.) 

Bauhinia (Phauera), variegata; Linn. Sp. PI. 375; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 

574. Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 496. Roxb. ILort. Bcng. p. 

31 ; Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 319. Wight & Am. Prodr. Fl. Penins. Ind. Or p. 

296. Wall. Cat. n. 595. Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. p. 64. Kurz For. Fl. 

Brit. Burm. vol. i. p. 397. Brand For. Fl. N.W. Ind. p. 161. Aitehu. 

Cat. Panjab PI. p. 53. Beddome. Forest. Man. 8. Ind. p. xciii. Gamble 

Man. Ind. Timb. p. 140. Watt, Diet. Econom. Prodr. Ind. vol. i. p. 425. 

Baker in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 284.— Tab. nostr. 6818. 

B. purpurea, Wall. Cat. n. 5795 (in part.) 

Phanera variegata, Benth. PI. Jungh. p. 262. 

Choromna Mandaru, Bloeede Hort. Mai. vol. i. p. 57, t. 32. 

Var. Candida, floribus albis petalo antico viridi pallido suffuso. Ham. in 
Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 496 (excl. cit. Willd. & Ait.) ; Wight & Am. 
Fl. Penins. Ind. Or. p. 296. 

B. Candida, Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 31 ; Fl. Ind. vol. ii. p. 318 [excl. cit. Willd.), 
Wall. Cat. n. 5796. 

At t. 6818 of this work is figured one of the brightly 
coloured varieties of this beautiful plant, and between that 
and even darker purple-flowered, and the one here given 
there are innumerable gradations of colour. Whether, 
however, these sports of colour are found in the native 
state of the plant is doubtful, for the species is even more 
frequently met with in a cultivated than in a native state. 
Roxburgh, who first described the white variety as a 
species, gives no other habitat than gardens in India ; he, 
however, supposed it to be the B. Candida of Willdenow, 
which is a variety of the closely allied and almost equally 
common B. purpurea, Linn. ; an error into which Hamilton, 
who was the first to describe it as a variety of B. variegata, 
also fell. 

Under Plate 6818 I have given some account of the 
introduction of B. variegata into England, and of thy uses 

Seitkmber 1st, 1893. 

to which parts of the tree are put ; to which may be added 
that it yields (like other members of the genus) the gam 
known as Sem or Semla gdnd, which has the properties 
of cherry gum, as stated in Dr. Watt's invaluable 
Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, a work 
which had not appeared when the aforesaid account for 
this Magazine was drawn up. I have now to add a curious 
fact in relation to the distribution of B. variegata, which 
is, that though common in a wild state in the jungles of 
India from the Indus river to Burma, ascending to 4000 ft., 
and extending to Malabar, it is not recorded as a native 
of Ceylon. This is the more remarkable, if it is true (see 
Watt, 1. c.) that it is often represented in Budhist 
sculptures, a statement that must, however, be checked 
by the fact that specific differences, especially in such a 
genus as Bauhinia, may be supposed to have eluded the 
sculptor's eye, and that very different Bauhinias would 
serve his purpose equally well. The absence of B. variegata 
in Ceylon is not, however, an isolated fact in the Flora 
of that Island ; for of this large representative Indian 
genus (embracing 37 species) only two,* B. tomentosa, 
L. and racemosa, Lam., are recorded by Tnmen as certainly 
indigenous in it, and one other, the common Asiatic and 
Malayan 2?. anguina, as doubtfully native. 
f B. variegata var. Candida was raised from seed received 
in 1883 from the Right Hon. Sir Mountstuart Grant 
Duff, who, when Governor of Madras, sent many interest- 
ing plants and other seeds to Kew. It flowered in March 
ol the present year, and the flowers were verv frequent.— 
J. I). H. J ^ 

Fier.l, Stamen and pistil ; 2 and 3, anthers, all enlarged; 4, reduced 
of whole plant as grown in the Palm House, Kew. 

In the Flora of British India B. purpurea is stated to be a native of 
t£y on, on the authority of a specimen in Herb. Kew from the late Col. 
walker, which is, however, most probably from a garden plant. 


I tdiWh. 



Tab. 7313. 


Native of Portugal, 

Nat. Ord. Pltjmbagine.e. Tribe Statice^k. 
Genus Armeria, Willi.. ; {Benth. ty Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 626.) 

Armeria (Plagiobasis), latifolia; rhizomate crasso diviso reliquiis fuscia 
foliorum vetustorura dense operto, foliis 3-5-pollicaribus anguste-oblan- 
ceolatis in petiolum angustatis acutis v. acuminatis glaucesceutibus 3-7- 
nerviis, scapo elato glaberrimo, capitulo magno globoso, vagina lon^issima, 
involucri bracteis pallide brunneis scariosis dorso coriacois infimis 
liuearibus v. triangulari-lanceolatisacutati6, coeteria ovato-oblongis cuspi- 
datis, tubo calycis basi fere a>qualis pedieello breviore obscure costato, 
costis pilosis, limbi aristis brevibus, petalis obovatis pallide roseis, stylis 
medio patentim pilosis. 

A. latifolia, Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. vol. i. p. 334. Bolts, in DO. Prodr. 
vol. xii. p. 684. Willie. & Lange Fl. Hispan. vol. ii. p. 365. 

A. Cephalotes, Link & Hoffm. FL Portug. p. 441. 

A. scorzonerifolia, Link, in Schrad. Journ. vol. iii. (1810), p. 60. 

Statice Pseudo- Armeria, Murr. Sysl. Veg. p. 319. Broteri FL Luslt. vol. i. 

p. 488. Jacq. Hort. Yindob. vol. i. t. 42. 
S. Cephalotes, Ait. Hort. Ketc, ed. 1. Ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 684. 
S. lusitanica, Poir. Iter. vol. ii. p. 173. 

The genus Armeria is the subject of a very elaborate 
monograph by Boissier, in De Candolle's Prodromus, 
where upwards of fifty species are described, nearly one 
half of which (twenty-two) are founded by himself. 
Amongst these it is so difficult to distinguish what other 
botanists would regard as distinct species, that Bentham 
says of the genus in Gen. Plant., " some authors enumerate 
more than fifty, others would reduce them to six or seven." 
Respecting Boissier's work in this genus, it is right that I 
should record that, with his wonted candour, he told me 
himself, he would, if he had the opportunity of revising 
it, reduce the species considerably ; and indeed in his 
" Flora Orientalis " he has reduced six of his Oriental 
species of Armeria to two. 

Turning to Willkomm and Lange's " Flora Hispanica," 

SKrrttMRKR 1st. 1893. 

I find that all Boissier's species of that region are main- 
tained, and several added, amounting to no fewer than 
thirty-four species in all, which, whether all specifically- 
different or not, are classified with great skill and judg- 
ment, so that it is not difficult to determine these by his 
clavis. Amongst those of both works is A. latifolia. It 
is very difficult to distinguish it by the descriptions from 
the common A. plantaginea of Western Europe, than 
which it is a much more robust plant, with usually broader 
leaves and more numerous nerves, larger heads, more 
coriaceous bracts, and longer pedicels and calyx lobes. 
There are excellent specimens of it in the Kew Herbarium, 
from Sir "Walter Trevelyan, Welwitsch, and others, 
gathered in the neighbourhood of Lisbon. In some of 
these the leaves attain three-fourths of an inch in breadth, 
being shorter, broader and more acuminate than in the 
plant here figured, and the sheath below the head is longer. 
The character of leaves remotely denticulate given by 
Boissier and Willkomm and Lange, is very obscure in some 
specimens, and non-existent in others. 

I should observe here that the A. Cephalotes of this 
work, t. 4128 (not of Link.) under which A. latifolia is 
erroneously entered as a synonym, is referred by Boissier 
to the Algerian A. mauritanica, Wallr. This being so, 
the figure of the calyx is very faulty, in wanting the spur 
of that species. 

According to Miller, A. latifolia was in cultivation in 
his garden before 1740, and it has been repeatedly intro- 
duced into England at intervals subsequently. The 
specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens, Kew, 
m April, 1893, having been received from those of 
Edinburgh.—/. D. E. 

Fig. 1, Flower and top of pedicel; 2, petal and stamen; 3; stamen; 
4, ovary :— All enlarged. 






Tab. 7314. 

Native of Sierra Leone. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Tribe Epidendreje. 
Genus Megaclinium, Lindl.; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 505.) 

Megaclinium minutum ^•puraiXum, pseudobulbis confertis ovoideo-oblon?is 2- 
phyllia laevibus, foliis lineari-oblongig obtasis subacutis v. apice 2-denti- 
culatis, scapo brevi inclinato, spica subcernua multitiora, rachi lineari 
anguata minute lepidota crenulata brunneo-purpurea, bracteis triangu- 
laribua acutis reflexis, ovario brevissimo perianthioque ferrugineo- 
purpureia pubeacentibua, sepalis lateralibua latissime triangularibua 
acuminatis recnrvis, dorsali viridi lateralibus triplo longiore oblongo 
obtuso subrecurvo, mento magno globoso, petalis subulatis, labello oblongo 
cordato obtuso recurvo pallide flavo, columna brevissima alis minutis 

M. minutum, Rolfe in Kew Bulletin, No. 73 (1893), p. 5. 

The genus Megaclinium, which consists of about a dozen 
species, is the chief African representative of the large 
Asiatic genera Balbophyllum and Cirrliopetalum, which 
are very scantily represented on the African continent. 
It is, in fact, only separated from Bulbophyllum by the 
remarkable dilatation of the rachis of the spike, which 
attains a much greater development in M. maximum, 
Lindl. (Tab. 4028), and an extreme dilatation in M. pur- 
pitratmm, Lindl. (Tab. 5936). Dr. Keichenbach, not 
without reason, regarded Megaclinium as a section of 
Bulbophyllum, as he did Cirrhopetalum ; but in Botany, as 
m other biological sciences, if objective characters, though 
of little morphological value, which distinguish whole 
groups, are not taken into account in the formation of 
genera, of Monocotyledons especially, the result would be 
chaotic agglomerations of forms under a common generic 


M. minutum was discovered on the top of the Sugarloaf 
Hill, Sierra Leone, at about 3000 ft. elevation, by G. F 
Scott Elliott, Esq., M.A., F.L.S., Naturalist to the Angh- 
Sepilmber 1st, 1893. 

French delimitation Commission, who sent plants to Kew, 
which flowered in a stove in August, 1892. It is the 
smallest known species. — /. D, H. 

Fig. 1, Lateral and 2, front view of flower; 3, column petals and lip; 
4, column ; 5, anther; 6, pollinia : — All enlarged. 




Tab. 7315. 


Native of the Pyrenees. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifbagace;E. Tribe Saxifrages. 
G-enus Saxifeaga, Linn.; {Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 635.) 

Saxifeaga (Aizoon), media ; foliis brevibus canli subelongata densissime 
rosulato-imbricatia- glaucescentibus patulo-recurvis cartilagineis 
spathulato-obovatis oblongiave acutia marginibus supra medium craasis 
infra medium pectinatim dentatis facie glabris dorso una cum pedanculo 
foliis caulinisnumeroais apathulatis etinflorescentia glanduloso-pubescenti- 
bus, racemo laxifloro, pedicellis patulis, bracteia bracteolisque linearibus 
obtusis, floribus parvis, calycis infra medium 5-secti lobia obtusis petala 
obovata crenulata rubro-purpurea paullo superantibua, filamentis brevibus 
subulatis, antheris inclusis, ovarii semisuperi stylis brevibus, stigmatibus 
majiusculis subglobosis. 

S. media, Gouan, Illmtr. & Obs. Bot. p. 27. Lamarck, JEncycl. vol. vi. 675 ; 
Illustr. t. 273, f. 6. D. Don, in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 396, partim. 
DG. Prodr. vol. iv. p. 20. Sternb. Rev. Saxifr. p. 6. 

S. calyciflora, Lapeyr. Fl. Pyren. p. 28, t. 12. Benth. Oat. PL Pyren. p. 118. 

Chondrosea calyciflora, Haw. Enum. Saxifr. p. 13. 

A very distinct species of the Aizoon group, most nearly 
allied to S. aretioides, Lap. a native of the same mountains, 
though differing widely in the inflorescence and flowers, as 
a reference to the figure of that plant in this work (Tab. 
5849) shows in foliage and form, &c, of the leaves they 
are nearly identical. Indeed, in their native country, these 
species appear to hybridize freely, as was first pointed out 
by Bentham in his Catalogue of Pyrenean plants cited 
above, where he has a var. hybrida which thus originates, 
and to which he refers as 8. ambigua, DC. and S. luteo- 
purpurea, Lapeyr. (a name which Don, suspecting its hybrid 
origin, arbitrarily changed to Lapeyrousii. 

Regarding these hybrids Bentham remarks that 
they are never found except where the two parent 
species occur, when they present a suite of inter- 
mediates, amongst which it is rare to find any 
two quite alike. On the other hand, he says of 8. 
September 1st, 1893. 

calyciflora (media), " a constant species, though interme- 
diate between 8. adscendens, Willd. and 8. ajugcefolia, Linn. 
If it is a hybrid, it is one that by its constancy, its fixity, and 
its abundance, must take rank as a species. It is common 
in many parts of the chain with 8. adscendens and ajugce- 
folia, &c, but sometimes, quite alone, as in the south face 
of Port Negro." 

It only remains to add that by Sibthorp, Don, De 
Candolle, and others, it was regarded as the same with 8. 
porophylla, Bertol., which takes its place, as it were, in 
Italy, and extends through Dalmatia and the Banat to 
Mt. Olympus in Bithynia, and which may be distinguished 
by its spicate inflorescence. 8. calyciflora flowered in a cold 
frame in the Royal Gardens in April of this year. — 
J. D. B. 

Fig. 1, Upper and 2 lower surface of a leaf; 3, pedicel, bracteoles and 
flower ; 4, petal ; 5 and 6, stamens ; 7, ovary : — All enlarged. 


' S del, J.N.Fitchifli 


L Rseve 3c C 5 London. 

Tab. 7316. 

Native of Japan 

Nat. Ord. DiapensiacEjE. — Tribe Gtalacine^e. 
Genus Schizocodon, Sieb. & Zucc. ; (Benth. & Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 620.) 

Schizocodon, soldanelloides ; foliis orbicularibus basi cuneatis v. subcordatis, 
grosse dentatis deDtibus apiculatis, supra lucidis, nervis subtus prominulis, 
scapo 4-6-floro, bracteis linearibus, sepalis oblongis obtusis ciliolatis, 
corolla rosea, staminodiis linearibus pubescentibus, stylo crasso persis- 

S. soldanelloides, Siebold & Zucc. in Abhandl. Akad. Wi- s. Mun. vol. iii. p. 
723, t. 2, Matoim. in Bull. Acad. Imp. Petersb. vol. xvi. p. 225, and Mel. 
Biol. vol. vi. p. 273 and vol. viii. p. 19. Franch Sf Savat, Enum. PI. 
Japon, vol. i. p. 298. Miq. Prolus. Fl. Japon, p. 253. Journ. Hortic. Ser. 
3, vol. xxvi. p. 28, f. 55. Gard. Ghron. (1893), vol. i. p. 415, f. 59. 

The beautiful little plant here figured is of great botani- 
cal interest, as belonging to a very small Natural Family of 
doubtful affinity, consisting of six genera, of which three 
are represented by single species, and the other three 
having each only two species. The Order is divided into 
two tribes, of which one, Diapensiece, consists of the two 
genera, Diapensia, Linn, (see Tab. 1108) and Pijxidanthera, 
Mich. (Tab. 4592), with a persistent corolla and no 
staminodes ; the other, Galacinese, of four genera, having a 
deciduous corolla, and five staminodes, contains Shortia, 
Torr. and Gray (Tab. 7082) ; Galax, Linn. (Tab. 754) ; 
Bernemia, Decne. a Tibetan genus hitherto unfigured ; and 
Schizocodon. The great interest of the Order centres in the 
Galacinece, because of the singular distribution of the genera 
between the Floras of Japan and Eastern North America, 
which has, as pointed out by A. Gray, afforded such strong 
evidence of an early botanical affinity between those 
countries, which can only be accounted for by the hypothe- 
sis ^ that the genera inhabited a country far north of 
their present abiding places, to which latter they were 

September 1st, 1893. 

driven south by the cold of the glacial period. Thus, of 
the two species of Shortia one is Japanese, the other con- 
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and Schizocodon is the Japanese representative of Galax, 
which is also confined to the mountains of Carolina. 

S. soldanelloides is a native of stony places in the 
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of the genus, for of the other, S. ilicifolius, Maximo vicz, its 
author says that it is too near to soldanelloides, and per- 
haps only a mountain variety of it. 

There is indeed considerable variation in the size, form, 
and toothing of the leaves of the latter plant, in the 
colour of the flowers, from white to red, and in the length 
of the stamens. These in the specimens figured have very 
short filaments inserted high up in the tube, whilst in 
others the filaments are quite thrice as long, and inserted 
between but above the staminodes, and are sometimes 

The specimen figured was sent to Kew in March, 1892, 
by Capt. Torrens, of Baston Manor, Hayes, Kent, who after- 
wards presented it to the Royal Gardens. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and bracts; 2, corolla laid open; 3 and 4, stamens; 
5, staminode ; 6, ovary ; 7, transverse section of ovary : — All enlarged. 


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Tab. 7317. 
RHODODENDRON Falconeri, var. eximia. 

Native of Bhotan. 

Nat. Ord. Ekicace^e. — Tribe Eiiobore^. 
Germs Eiiododendeon, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 599.) 

Eiiododendron (Eurhododendron) Falconeri, Rook. f. Bhod. Sikkim Himal. 

1. 10; in Joutn. Sort. Soc> Loncl. vol. vii. p. 76, 97. Hook. Bot. Mm/, t. 

4924. Fl. des Serres, vol. v. (1849), t. 479-80 and vol. xi. t. 1166-7. 

Begel Oartenfi. t. 658. Clarke in Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iii. p. 465. 
E. venosum, Nutt. in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. vol. v. (1853), p. 365. 
Ehododendron, Griff. Itin. Notes, p. 140, No. 654. 
Var. eximia ; corolla rosea f undo intus immaculata. 
E. eximium, Nutt. 1. c. p. 304. 

Of all the species of Sikkim Rhododendrons, numbering 
nearly thirty, B. Falconeri has proved to be one of the 
most hardy in England, and it is at the same time the 
largest of the genus, for though often growing as a gre- 
garious shrub, it more frequently attains thirty feet in 
height, with a truly arboreous habit. Plants raised from 
seeds which I sent home in 1849, grown in the open air, 
with no other covering than a mat at night, flowered in 
1856, both at Liverpool and Bagshot ; and at the present 
time (April) I am informed of trees twenty feet and more 
in height being loaded with blossoms in Cornwall and in 
Surrey, under no protection whatever. To these attributes 
must be added that it is by far the noblest of the hitherto 
discovered species ; for neither in Asia nor America does 
any one approach it in sturdiness of trunk and branches, 
in the dark green deeply reticulated upper surface of the 
coriaceous leaves, which attain a foot in length, or in the 
rich rusty-brown woolly clothing of their under-surfaco and 
petiole ; and it has further the largest flowers of those in 
which the flowers are disposed in massive trusses. 

As with so many of its congeners, it is very variable, 

rOBBBfi 1st, 1S9.j. 

and singularly enough the most aberrant variety is the 
plant on which I founded the species, namely, that figuredl 
at t. J of " The Rhododendrons of the Sikkim Himalaya.** 
This was in truth a starved state of the plant, growing in 
a most bleak situation, on the top of Tonglo, a mountain 
on the Nepal frontier of Sikkim, 10,000 ft. above the sea, 
and in which the pure white corollas were only 1^ in. 
across the mouth ; they had no basal purple spot, but had 
very large dark brown anthers, and a stigma nearly a 
quarter of an inch in diameter. It was in fact one of the 
first of the Sikkim Rhododendrons that I had seen, and I 
afterwards found it elsewhere in Sikkim abundantly, in the 
condition represented at t. 4924 of this work. 

Of varieties in colour, the most frequent is from white to 
pale lemon- colrd., with or without a deep purple basal 
spot within the corolla, then a very pale rose especially on 
the buds. The fine pink represented in the accompanying 
plate is quite new to me, and may be a characteristic of 
the B. eximium of Nuttall of Bhotan, under which name 
the specimen was sent to Kew by A. 0. Walker, Esq., of 
JNanty Glyn, Colwyn Bay, Carnarvonshire. B. eximium is, 
I need hardly add, cospecific with Falconeri, differing in 
the above-mentioned points, also in often bearing the rich 
rusty-brown fluff on the upper surface of the young leaves 
up to their full development.— J. D. H. 

J&&JE&* Mm ** 3 >°™y Bt ^ ««* ^™> 4 and6 ' 

To IS 


Vincent Brooks 

Tab. 7318. 
dolichos, 8implicif0lius. 

Native of Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Legtjminos^. — Tribe Phaseole^e. 
Genus Dolicuos, Linn. ; (Benth. & HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 540.) 

Dolichos simplicifolius ; caudice crasso tuberoso, ramis caulibusve berbaceis 
erectis sirnpliciusculis foliosis foliisque utrinque pilosulis, foliis 1-folio- 
latis brevissime petiolulatis, foliolo spithameo oblongo-lanceolato obtuso 
integro tricostato stipulis oblongis obtusis v. subacutis herbaceis, floribu8 
axillarib us fasciculatis erectis, pedicellis ^-pollicaribus floribus asqmlongis 
pilosis, calycia tubo hemispherico, dentibus brevibus ovatis acutis, 2 su- 
perioribus approximatis alterius connatis obtusis, vexillo orbiculari pallide 
roseo, alis oblongis apice rotundatis saturate roseis, carina acinaciformi 
alis subsequilonga apice acuta. 

D. simplicifolius is an aberrant member of a large cos- 
mopolitan tropical and subtropical genus which contains 
about thirty species, many of which are, from the absence 
of specimens with pods, very ill-defined. The two remark- 
able characters of D. simplicifolius are the unifoliolate 
leaves, those of all hitherto known species being 3-foliolate, 
and the woody tuberous rhizome or caudex, which gives off 
annual herbaceous erect stems. This latter character, 
common to several tropical African species, is, I suspect, 
to be connected with the conditions under which they exist, 
supposing these to be grass or bush lands annually or 
frequently devastated by fire ; for the same habit of growth 
is very frequent in various genera of plants in the regions 
of Upper India skirting the base of the Himalaya, the 
vegetation of which is frequently burnt. 

The tubers of D. simplicifolius were sent to Kew in June, 
1892, by John Buchanan, Esq., O.M.Gr., along with various 
other tubers and bulbs collected in the Shire Highlands 
of tropical S. Africa (lat. about 15°. S., long. 35 E.). Soon 

October 1st, 1893. 

after arrival it sent up herbaceous stems two to three feet 
high, and flowered in a stove in April of the present year. 
—J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, stamen and stigma ; 2, standard ; 3, base of calyx and ovary 
— All enlarged. 


Vn^ent I- 

L "Reeve &cC J Li 

Tab. 7319. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Orchidejj. — Tribe Cypripediej:. 
Genus Cypeipeditjm, Linn.; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 634 

Cypripedium (PoHosbb) montanum ; glanduloso puberulum, foliia ovato-oblongfg 
v. oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, floribus 1-3 sessilibus, bracteis foliaceis, 
sepalis labello subduplo longioribus dorso costatia petalisque longioribua 
fusco-rubris, dorsali lanceolato acuminato, lateralibus connatis apicibaa 
liberis, petalis basi intus pilosis, labello oblongo vix a latere compresao 
apice rotundato albo purp ureo-striato, ataminodio stigmate longiore 
ovato breviter stipitato aureo rubro-maculato supra sulcato, capsula 

C. montanum, Dougl. ex Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orchid, p. 528. S. Wats. Bot. of 
• Californ. vol. ii. p. 138. 

C. occidentale, S. Wats, in Proc. Am. Acad. vol. xi. (1876), p. 147. Elwes in 
Gard. Ghron (1877), vol. i. p. 725, f. 117. Hegel Gartenfl. (1881), p. 35, 
t. 1036. OrcUdopliile (1881), p. 56. 

Cypripedium montanum is the representative in Western 
America of the common C. pubescens of the Eastern States ; 
and is so closely allied to the latter plant that except in 
its lip being white (not yellow) and its flowers fragrant, 
there is little to distinguish them. And with regard to 
the latter character it is to be observed that C.parviflorum 
of the Eastern States which has fragrant flowers has by 
some American botanists been regarded as a variety of C. 
pubescem, from which, however, it differs in the lip not 
being laterally compressed. The only other N. American 
Cypripedium with a white lip is G. candidurn of the 
Eastern States (Tab. 5855), which has crowded erect 
lanceolate leaves, small solitary scentless flowers, and short 
green sepals and petals. 

S. montanum is described by Sereno Watson as being 

common in the mountains of Western North America, from 

the Mariposa and Santa Cruz valleys of California to 

w ashington Territory, flowering in June and July ; but it 

October 1st, 1893. 

has a much wider range than this, for it appears to be 
common in Vancouver Island and the Fraser river, in 
British Columbia (lat. 50° N.), where probably it was 
found by Douglas, who discovered the species probably in 
the year 1830. 

I am indebted to my friend, H. J. Elwes, Esq., F.L.S., of 
Colesborne, Andoversford, Gloucestershire, for the speci- 
men figured, which that gentleman received from Oregon. 
As far as I am aware this species had not previously been 
in cultivation in Europe, nor had it been anywhere figured. 
It flowered in April of the present year, and was very 
fragrant — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side view of column : — Both enlarged. 




•J aLC°L0Tlfir 

Tab. 7320. 

TILLANDSIA microxiphion. 
Native of Monte Video. 

Nat. Ord. Beomeliace^;. — Tribe Tillandsie^e. 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn.; {Benth. et BZooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 669.) 

Tillandsia (Anoplophytum) microttiphion; canlibus brevibus strictia erectia 
dense foliosis, foliis linearibns strictia pallide yiridibus lepidotis facie 
canaliculars dorso rotundatia apice subpungentibus inflmis patulia 
reliquis aacendentibus, apicis densia paucifloris, bracteia ovatis pallida 
rubris calyce brevioribus dorso talde convexig, aepalis oblongs pallidis 
cartilagineis, petalia violaceis lingulatis calyce seaqui-longioribus apice 
patulis, Btaminibus petalis multo brevioribus, pistillo ataminibuB eequilongo, 
ovario ovoideo, stylo elongato apice atigmatoso tricuspidato. 

This is a new species of the large genus Tillandsia, 
belonging to the small subgenus Anoplophytum, which is 
characterized by its dwarf habit, long style, and few multi- 
farious flowers. Of this subgenus 7 1 . striata, Soland (Bot. 
Mag. tab. 1529) T. dianthoidea, Rossi, and T. pulchella, 
Hook. (Bot. Mag., Tab* 5229), have long been known in 
cultivation. The present plant is nearest T. stricta, from 
which it differs mainly by its shorter leaves. It was first 
found about 1890, during a short visit which he paid to 
Monte Video, by Monsieur Edouard Andre, who is so well 
known as an authority on Bromeliaceas, and who has dis- 
covered and introduced into cultivation so many new 
species. He sent a plant of it to the Royal Gardens, Kew, 
at the end of 1890, and it flowered for the first time in 
a stove in February, 1893. 

Desce. Stems short, tufted, erect, densely covered with 
leaves. Leaves linear* rigid, pale green, lepidote, about 
an inch long, deeply channelled down the face, rounded on 
the back, almost pungent at the apex, densely crowded, 
the lower spreading, the upper ascending, inflorescence 
a dense terminal few-flowered spike ; bracts ovate, pink, 
glabrous, longer than the calyx. Sepals oblong, whitish, 

Octobeb 1st, 1893. 

cartilaginous. Petals Ungulate, violet-purple, half as long 
again as the calyx, spreading at the apex. Stamens much 
shorter than the petals. Pistil about as long as the 
stamens ; ovary ovoid, style elongated, subulate, tricuspi- 
date at the stigmatose apex.— J". G. B. 

Fig. 1, Bract and flower ; 2, lepidote scales ; 3, petal with stamens 
4, ovary ; 5, section of ditto ; 6, ovule :— All enlarged. 




LReeve &.C XonJon 

Tab. 7321. 
Native of the Andaman Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^e. — Tribe Vandejl 
Genus Phaosnopsis, Blume ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 573.) 

Phaljenopsis, tetraspis; acaulis, foliis 6-12 pollicaribus obovatis v. cuneato- 
obovatis apicibus acutis recurvis coriaceis 7-nerviis, scapo foliis breviore 
simplici v. ramoso 3-5 flore, floribus 2-2£ poll. diam. niveis, sepalis basi 
columnae insertis oblongo-obovatis obtusis v. subacutis, petalis sepalis 
coDsimilibas at paullo minoribus, labello sessili sepalis breviore, hypo- 
chilo brevi appeDdicibus 2 erectis carnosis truncatis apice retusis aureis 
latere exteriore cuspidatis instructo et acu erecta inter-appendices posita, 
epichilo lineari recurvo apice 2-lobo supra convexo ultra medium villoso, 
columna medio constricta. 

P. tetraspis, Reickb. f. Xen. Orchid, vol. ii. p. 146; et in Gard. Ghron. (1881), 
vol. ii. p. 562, 656. Rolfe in Gard. Ghron (1886), vol. ii. p. 277. HooJc.f. 
Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 30. Veitch, Man. Orchid. Part vii. p. 41. 

P. tetraspis was, up till the publication of Veitch's in- 
valuable manual of Orchideous plants, a very imperfectly 
known species. In the " Flora of British India " I have 
alluded to it as having flowers (which I had not seen) 
like those of P. speciosa (also a native of the Andaman 
Islands), but waxy-white with two 2-awned basal calli on a 
hairy disk. 

A comparison with P. speciosa (see Warner, Orchid 
Album, vol. iv. t. 158, and Veitch, I.e. p. 38) shows how 
strong is the similarity between these species, the chief 
botanical difference lying in the structure of the appendages 
(or basal lobes) of the lip, which is in P. speciosa simply 
truncate with reflexed margins. In colour these species 
differ notably, that of speciosa being an amethystine 
purple, or rose-purple in some varieties. 

According to Veitch, P. tetraspis was discovered some- 
where in the Malay Archipelago by Thos. Lobb, and was 
first described by Reichenbach from dried flowers. In 
1881 living plants were sent by Major-General Berkeley 
to Mr. Bull from the Andaman Islands, where it grows on 

October 1st, 1893. 

trees in muddy swamps in great luxuriance. From the 
evidence of a drawing made by Col. Lister, lent me from 
the Calcutta Herbarium (since the publication of the 
Orchids in the " Flora of British India ") it is a native of 
Chittagong. The plant here figured was sent to Kew in 
1892 from Port Blair, in the Andamans, by E. Horace 
Man, Esq., CLE., Deputy Superintendent, Port Blair and 
Kicobars. It flowered in May of the present year. — J. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Lip and column ; 2, hypochile and base of epichile ; 3, column ; 
4, anther ; 5, pollinia : — All enlarged. 


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Tab. 7322. 

Native of Uruguay. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Senecionideje. 
Genus Senecio, Linn.; (Benth. Si Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446.) 

Senecio (Jacobaea) sagittifolius ; giganteus, herbaceus, elatus, robnstus, biennis, 
araneosus, caule simplici erecto, foliis radicalibus maximis ovato-cordato- 
v. saggittato-lanceolatis acutis crenato-dentatis undulatis in petiolum late 
alatum ala pinnati-lobata angustatis, costa infra medium superne alte 
bialata alis dentatis, foliis superioribns sesailibus e basi rotundata lan- 
ceolatis integerrimis, corymbo maximo ramis pedicellisqne patentibus 
robustis, capitulis \\-2 poll, latis, involucri laxe lanati calyculati cylin- 
dracei bracteis 20-25 linearibus obtusis, ligulis radii 20-40 linearibus 
obtusis primulinis tubo triplo longioribus, disci aurei corollis breviter 
5-dentatis dentibus erectis, acheniis glabris, pappo non copioso albo. 

S. sagittifolius, Baker in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. vi. pars. iii. p. 315. Andre 
in Rev. Hortic. (1892), p. 53, fig. 16, 17. Masters in Gard. Chron. (1893), 
vol. i. pp. 355, 357, figs. 50, 51. 

Very variable as the groundsels are in habit and foliage, 
not one of its allies amongst the herbaceous species of 
that vast genus is so remarkable in respect of stature and 
size of foliage as 8. sagittifolius ; added to which the frills 
on the costa of the leaves above are, as far as I am aware, 
unique in the genus. I am indebted to M. Andre for a re- 
production (introduced into our figure) of a photograph of 
the plant, which that gentleman exhibited at a meeting of 
the Societe Nationale d'Horticulture de France, and which, 
he informed me, represents a specimen eight feet in height. 
I have not been able to introduce a leaf of the natural size 
into the accompanying plate ; but one produced at Kew 
measured nearly two feet in length, including the winged 
petiole ; the blade being one foot by eight inches broad at 
the base, and the corymb of flowers was of the latter 
breadth. According to the description in Martius' " Flora 
Brasiliensis," it attains in its native country twelve feet in 
height. There is a graphic representation in the " Revue 
•Horticole (1. c.) of a landscape in Uruguay with groups of 

November 1st, 1893. 

the plant in situ. This is reproduced in M The Gardener's 

S. sagittifolhis is most nearly allied to 8. Hualtata, 
Bertero (in DC. Prodr. vi. 417), a native of ditches in 
Chili, a more slender plant, in which the leaves are fifteen 
inches long, of a rhombic hastate form, the heads of flowers 
much smaller, and the ray flowers only 10 to 12 in 

8. sagittifolius is a native of marshy places in Uruguay, 
where it was discovered, I believe, by M. Gibert, an energetic 
explorer of the botany of that region, by whom specimens 
were sent to the late Sir W. Hooker, which are preserved 
in the Kew Herbarium. 

The specimen here figured was presented to the Royal 
Gardens in 1892 by M. Andre, the introducer of the species, 
who found it near Monte Video, growing in marshes. Mr. 
Watson, under whom it flowered, in a cool greenhouse, 
in March of the present year, informs me that it is 
apparently perennial, having sent up new growths from the 
base of the old stem ; these, however, perished, after the 
flowering of the plant, which did not ripen its seed.— 
J. D.H. 

Fig. 1, Flowers of ray ; 2, do. of disk ; 3, pappus hairy ; 4, stamens ; 5, style 
branches :— All enlarged. 



Tab. 7323. 
VERONICA Fairfieldii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophulaeine^;. — Tribe DigitalEjE. 
G-eniis Vebonica, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 964.) 

Vebonica (Hebe) Fairfieldii ; fruticulus pedalis ramosus, canle ramisque 
divaricatis rohustis atris, foliia coriaceis petiolatia late ovatis obtusis 
crenato-dentatis glaberimis rubro-parpureo marginatis, floribus in spicis 
paniculatis breviter pedunculatis glanduloso-puberulis dispositis sessilibua 
pallide lilacinis, bracteis calyce brevioribas lineari-oblongis, calycis seg- 
ments angu&tis linearibua, corollas pallide lilacinae tnbo brevissimo lobis 
sub-aaqualibus rotundatis, antheris vix exsertis aureis late ovatis, ovario 

V. Fairfieldii, Hort. Martin. 

The affinities of Veronica Fairfieldii are unquestionably 
close with V. Hulheana (Tab. 5484) and V. Lavaudiana 
(Tab. 7210), both small shrubs of the Hebe section, in 
which the flowers are sessile, the corolla-tube very short, 
its lobes subequal and broad, and the scarcely exserted 
anthers are broadly ovate and yellow, and it is in many 
respects so curiously intermediate between these two 
species as to suggest a hybrid origin. The short branches, 
and the leaves in size, form, petiolation, crenation, and the 
purple margins, almost precisely accord with those of V. 
Lavaudiana, from which species it differs in the paniculate 
(not at all corymbose) inflorescence, and in the colour of 
the corolla. On the other hand, the inflorescence and 
colour of the corolla are exactly those of V. llulkeana, 
which is a much larger laxly branched species, with dark 
green concolorous leaves, one and a half to two inches 
long, rounded at the base, and strongly serrate ; and with 
very short, almost glabrous, calyx-segments. 

I regret to say that I can give no further account of the 
origin of V. Fairfieldii than that it was received, under 
that name, by my friend Dr. Balfour, from Mr. Martin, of 

KoYEMBER 1ST, 181)3. 

the Fairfield Nursery (New Zealand), and that it is presum- 
ably a hybrid. The species does not exist in the Kew Her- 
barium, and I have searched in vain through the volumes 
of "The Transactions " of " The New Zealand Insti- 
tute," where many lately discovered species have been de- 
scribed, for any account of it. It is one of rich collections 
of New Zealand Veronicas in the Edinburgh Botanical 
Gardens, when it flowered in May of the present year, as 
did a plant of it in my own garden (in Surrey), which was 
kindly given me by Dr. Balfour.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of branch of panicle and flowers; 2, calyx and bracts; 
3 and 4, stameus ; 5, ovary : — All enlarged. 



Tab. 7324. 
ALLOMOKPHIA Griffithii. 

Native of the Malayan Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Tribe Oxyspobe.e. 
Germs Allomokphia, Blume ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 752.) 

Allomoephia Griffithii ; herbacea, subacanlis, rhizomate lignescente, foliis 
amplis orbicularibus profunde cordatis glanduloso-denticulatis 7-9 
costatis clatbratim nervosis supra flavo-viridibus snbtus roseis nervis 
petioloque elongato brunneis puberulis, pedunculis strictis elongatis 
pedicellisque rubris puberulis, panicula elongata angusta, floribas sub- 
verticillatim fasciculatis patulis, calycis tubuloso-campanulati obtuse 
4-dentato petalis orbiculatis albis duplo longiore, antheris subulatis basi 
profunde 2-fidis, disco tubuloso obtuse breviter 4-lobo, lobis rotundatis 

A Griffithii, Hook. f. ex Naud. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxviii. p. 74, t. 66, c. 
G. B. Clarke, in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. ii. p. 527. Cogn. Monogr. 
Melast. p. 467. 

Allomorphia is, a Burmese and Malayan genus of 
Melasfomacese, established by Blume in 1831, upon a 
shrubby species (A. exigaa) the Melastoma exigua of 
Jack, which extends from Penang and Malacca to the 
Philippine Islds. ; the specific name, no doubt, applying to 
the small size of the flowers. 

To this Bentham (in HooJc. Lond. Journ. Bot. vol. i. p. 
485) added a supposed Chinese species, A. paaciflora, 
which is however a species of Blastus, and Kurz (in Flora 
(1871) p. 290) a Burmese one, A. hispida, which, if his 
description of the " ovary adnate to the calyx at the 
base only " be correct, can hardly be congeneric (he possibly 
mistook a free tubular disk (such as is shown at fig. 4 of 
the plate here given of A. Griffithii, for the ovary). I 
have seen no specimens of jt. A still more doubtful species 
is A. ? ovalifolia, Naud. (in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxviii. 
p. 74) founded on the Anplectrum ovalifolium, Naud. (in 
A. Gray, Bot. U.S. Expl. Exped. vol. i. p. 197) a Fijian 
plant. Two other undoubted species, A. umbellulata, 
(Hook. /.) and the subject of this plate made up all that was 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1893. 

known of the genus, until the very recent (1891) publica- 
tion of Cogniaux's Monograph of Melastomaceas, in which 
seventeen species are introduced, many of them Bornean. 

A. Griffithii is a very handsome stove plant, of which 
there are specimens in the Kew Herbarium, collected by 
Col. Walker (so well known for his Ceylon botanical ex- 
plorations) half a century ago at Malacca, whence it has 
also been sent by Griffith and Maingay. 

The specimen here figured arrived at the Royal Gardens 
from Penang, in a box of living plants sent by Mr. C. 
Curtis, Assistant Superintendent of Gardens and Forests, 
in 1892, and it flowered in June of the present year. Mr. 
Watson informs me that it grows very slowly. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, ovary disk and style; 5, vertical 
section of ovary and disk :— All enlarged. 


'NftnoenfcBiooksP^ ' 

Tab. 7325. 
HAPALINE Brownei. 

Native of the Malayan Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. AroidEjE. — Tribe Colocasie^e. 
Genus Hapaline, Schott ; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 977.) 

Hapaline Brownei ; foliis ovatis ovato-lanceolatisve attenuato-acuminatis 
profunde cordatis marginibus crispato-undulatis supra Isete viridibua 
bullatis sabtns pallidis, lobis basalibus dimidiam partem laminae aequanti- 
bus rotunda tis approximatis sinu angusto. 

H. Brownei, Hook.f. in Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 520. 

Hapaline is a very singular genus of Aroids, two species 
of which only are known, H. Benthami and H. Broivnei. 
These closely resemble one another, differing chiefly in 
foliage, the leaf of H. Benthami, which is a native of Burma, 
and also of the Malay Peninsula, being hastate, whilst that 
of H. Brownei is deeply cordate. Minor differences appear 
to exist in the form of the blade of the spafche, that of 
Benthami being narrower, and more oblong ; but the latter 
plant is only known from indifferent dried specimens, and 
as the spathe alters somewhat in shape as it opens, much 
stress cannot be laid on this character. 

The most peculiar characters of Hapaline are the male and 
female inflorescences, which though referable to the typical 
structures of these organs that prevail in the tribe Golo- 
casiese, present extreme forms of these. The male flowers 
consist of oblong peltate scales scattered over the upper 
exposed part of the spadix, bearing on their under surface, 
close to the margin, six or eight most minute globose 
anthers. The female flowers consist of solitary ascending 
ovaries distantly inserted in the long lower part of the 
spadix, where it is adnate to the tube of the spathe which 
tightly encloses it. 

The species is named after Mr. N. E. Browne, A.L.S., 
Assistant in the Kew Herbarium, an officer distinguished 
for his knowledge of Aroids. 

November 1st, 1893. 

Tubers of R. Broivnei were received at the Royal 
Gardens from Mr. C. Curtis, who also sent the subject of the 
preceding plate (Allomorphia Griffithii), and who discovered 
the species presumably in Penang. It flowered in a stove 
in May of the present year. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Base of spathe and spadix ; 2, male flower seen from beneath; 
3, portion of the same with an anther ; 4, portion of spadix from the interior of 
the tube of the spathe, with two ovules ; 5, ovary and portion of spadix cut 
vertically, showing the ovule : — All enlarged. 


■ -'itdihtfi 


Tab. 7326. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^;. — Tribe Calceolarie;e. 
Genus Calceolaria, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 929.) 

Calceolaria (Eucalceolaria) andina ; fruticulosa, tota glanduloso-pubescens, 
caule ramisque cortice flavido nitido tecto, foliis ovatis obovatisve apice 
rotundatis basi in petiolum brevem alatum angustatis crenato-dentatis 
supra rugosis nervis impressis, subtus pallidis, costa nervisque yalidis 
elevatis, floralibus parvis ovato-oblongis, panicula ampla corymbiformi 
multiflora, sepalis late ovatis, corollas aureae labio supenore parvo 
sepala vix superante, inferiore triplo longiore et latiore patente late 
cuneato-obovato latiore quam longo supra depresso basin versus aperto, 
antheris divaricatis, ovario depresso glanduloso-piloso. 

C andina. Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 220. G. Gay Fl. GUI. vol. v. 
p. 164. 

C. Herbertiana, var. parviflora, Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 1576. 

Calceolaria andina belongs to a small group of the ex- 
tensive genus called Rugose by Bentham, which includes 
about seven species, all natives of Chili. The group is (not 
very well) distinguished from its allies by being undershrubs 
rather than herbs, with rugose-toothed leaves narrowed 
into the petiole. G. rugosa (probably the same as G. 
integrifolia, Murray) figured at t. 2523 of this work is a 
member of the group, and Bentham refers doubtfully to 
it G. alba, Ruiz and Pav., figured at t. 4157. G. andina 
differs from all the others in the broad depressed lower 
lip of the corolla which is concave above and convex be- 
neath. There is a very poor figure of a small-flowered 
state of it in the Botanical Register, under the name 
of G. Herbertiana var. parviflora, published in 1833, where 
it is stated by Lindley that it was raised from seed 
collected in the neighbourhood of Valparaiso by Cuming, 
and that it flowered in the garden of the Comte de 
Vandes. It is a common species in the Chilian Andes, 
and has been collected by many travellers in • those 
Notxicbsb l. l«rt:s. 

mountains. C. Gay in his Flora of Chili refers G. ver- 
bascifolia, Bertero, to it as a variety. 

Seeds of C. andina were sent to the Royal Gardens in 
1891 by Dr. F. Philippi of Santiago, Chili, an indefatigable 
botanist and explorer of the Chilian Andes, they were 
sown in pots, in a frame, and of the plants reared, that 
here figured flowered in the Alpine HoUse in June of 
the present year. Its hardiness, or the contrary, has to 
be ascertained. — J. D. H. 

£w' ° alyX and ° vary; 2> upper ]i P of corolla and stamen:— Bott 



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VmoeTTtircoks D*y< ' 

L K*C"t; 

Tab. 7327. 
AMORPHOPHALLUS oncoimiyuxs. 

Native of the Andaman Island*. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe Pvtiionie.e. 
Genus Amokpuohiallus, Blume ; {Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 970.) 

Amorphophallus oncophyllus; tubere depresso bulbillifero, petiolo elato, 
laminae atnplaa 3-pinnatisectse foliolis lanceolatis basi tuberiferis, Bpathaj 
longe-pedunculatae tubo late ovoideo basi rotundato albido viridi striato 
et maculato, limbo oblongo v. orbiculari-ovato inclinato v. recurvo rufo- 
purpureo maculis aureis medio virescentibus omato, marginibus orera. 
cingentibus revolutis, spadice sessile, iDflorescentia mascula fcemim>am 
asquante, appendice crasso inflorescentiam totam ajquante conoideo 
stramineo. antberis brevibus, ovario 2-3-loculari, stigmatibus subsessilibus 
crassis 2-3-lobis. 

A. oncophyllus, Prain mss., ex Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 576. 

A strikingly handsome species, attaining a great size. 
According to a drawing made by a native artist in Calcutta, 
the tuberous root is ten inches in diameter, the petiole attains 
two to three ft. in height, and an inch in diameter, and is of 
a dark green blotched with greenish white. The leaf blade 
is three and a half feet in diameter, with leaflets six to eight 
inches long; the peduncle is about half the length of the 
petiole, but lengthened in the fruiting stage, and the spathe 
attains nearly a foot in length, its tube 3 in diam. and the 
blade 7 inches ; the spadix also is a foot long, with the 
appendage 2f in. diam. and 7 in. in length. The colour of 
the spathe is much deeper brown purple than in the Kew 
plant, and the spots are pure yellow. Some allowance 
for these figures may have to be made, due to the preva- 
lent habit of exaggerating dimensions which is a besetting 
sin of native artists. The specimen here figured flowered 
at Kew, and doubtless represents only a small state of the 
plant (as is to be expected in the first evolution of leaves and 
flowers from a root weakened by transport from India). 
The height of the flowering peduncle of the Kew plant 
was nine inches, and its diameter three-fourths of an inch. 
DrcKHSzB 1st, 1898. 

The tube of the spathe was two inches in diameter, and its 
height about three inches, the limb rather longer. The 
total height of the spadix eight inches, and diameter of the 
golden yellow appendage one and a quarter inch. The 
whole inflorescence equals the appendage in length, and its 
male portion, which is yellow, is as long as the green female. 
(The ovaries in the Calcutta drawing are yellow with red 

A. oncophyllus belongs to a small group of the genus 
with very short styles, and a spadix much exceeding 
the spathe, which contains five species, all natives of 
Burma (to which country the Andamans botanically be- 
long) and the Malayan Peninsula. All of these are 
described for the first time in the recently published nine- 
teenth part of " The Flora of British India." Along with 
A. oncophyllus Dr. King has sent, also from the Anda- 
mans, tubers of another magnificent species found by Dr. 
Prain, which is closely allied to A. campanulahis (A. viro- 
sus, N.E. Br. Tab. t. 6978), and is the A. Bex, Prain 
(FL Brit. Ind. vii. 514), which is figured by Blume in his 
Rumphia (i. t. 32, 33), and there wrongly referred to the 
Indian A. campanulatus. 

A. oncophyllus was discovered by Dr. Prain, Curator 
of the Herbarium of the Royal Gardens, Calcutta, on 
the Cocos Islets, a group of the Andaman Archipelago, 
early in the present year. Tubers of it were received 
at Kew from Calcutta in March, and flowered in the 
following May. Mr. Watson informs me that its odour 
was the most vile of any of its notoriously evil-smelling 
congeners, and that visitors rushed through the " Begonia 
house," in which it was exhibited, to escape from it. — 

Fig. 1, spadix ; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, ovary ; 5, the same cut vertically, and 
'irZu'/rZucll ° VUle; ~ a " enlarged:— 8, floweriiig scape and inflorescence, 


r rtck!ith 

• JC° London. 

Tab. 7328. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Malvace.e. — Tribe Malye;e. 
Genus Abutilon, Gsertn. ; (Benth. & ffook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 204 ) 

Abutilon vitifolium; arbuscula, ramulis crassiusculis petiolis foliis subtus 
pedunculis calycibusque pube floccoso niveo tomentosis, foliis amplis 
orbiculari-ovatis profunde cordatis breviter 5-lobis et multi-lobulatis 
supra rugosis, lobis ovatis subacutis crenatis, nervis subtus elevatis, 
floribus 2-3* poll.-diam. albidis in pedunculos axillares subcorymbosis, 
calycibus herbaceis irregulariter figgis, petalis late cuneato-orbiculatis 
stnatis, staminum pbalangibus petalis multo brevioribus, antberia parvis 
croceis, ovario hirsuto, stylis ad 10 stigmatibus oblongis. 

A. vitifolium, Presl Bel. Scenic, vol. ii. p. 116. Lindl. Bot. Beg. vol. xxvi. (1840), 
Misc. p. 52, n. 114; et vol. xxx. (1844), t. 57. G. Gay, Fl. GUI. vol. i. 
p. 332. Masters, Gard. Chron. 1889, vol. ii. p. 156, f. 21. 

Sida vitifolia, Gavan. Ic. vol. v. t. 428. DG. Prodr. vol. i. p 471. Hook. 
& Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 12. 

The earliest notice of this strikingly handsome plant as 
being in cultivation in Europe was in 1848, by Dr. Lindley, 
in the Botanical Register cited above. It is there stated to 
have been introduced by Captain Cottingham, a zealous 
Irish horticulturist, who raised it in 1836, and sent a plant 
to Mr. Mackay, Curator of the College Botanic Gardens, 
Dublin. Mr. Mackay informed Dr. Lindley that it had 
stood for three years in the College Gardens, in a south 
border, without protection of any kind, and flowered pro- 
fusely ; adding that it formed a handsome small tree, about 
six feet high, and that it probably grows to a much greater 
size in Chili, which is its native country. In 1844 Lindley 
published a magnificent plate of it from a drawing by Miss 
Drake, and says of it that with us (alluding no doubt to the 
G-ardens of the Royal Horticultural Society) it does not 
prove fit for the open ground, and that it should be planted 
in a large tub, or in the ground in a conservatory. 
Nothing further seems to have been heard of it as a garden 
plant till Mr. Gumbleton, in 1889, sent a specimen from 

December 1st, 1893. 

his garden at Belmont, near Cork, to Dr. Masters, who 
figured it as var. alba, being unaware that the flowers 
are (though described by Cavanilles as red) normally white, 
changing to pale azure as they fade. As observed in 
" Genera Plantarum," A. vitifolium differs from the normal 
Abutilons in the clavate branches of the style, which are 
shortly stigmatic. 

For the specimen figured I am indebted to Mr. Morris 
(Assistant Director of Kew) who informs me that he saw 
it " in the interesting garden of Jonathan Rashleigh, Esq., 
at Menabilly, Cornwall, on the 26th April last. The plant 
was a large bush 8 to 10 ft. high, and completely covered 
with beautiful white flowers. Mr. Rashleigh knew it as 
Abutilun Veitchianum, but at my request he sent a specimen 
to Kew for determination, and also to show the luxuriant 
character of the plant in Cornwall." It is a native of 
Chili, from the latitude of Concepcion to that of Chiloe. 
Mr. Watson informs me that it is a short-lived plant under 
cultivation. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stellate hairs; 2, stamens; 3, ovary : — All enlarged. 


^to« n t3r«.W)ay 

L- Reeve &.C 

Tab. 7329. 
EEJA Meirax. 
Native of the Himalaya Mts. and Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^!. — Tribe Epidendre^e. 
Genus Eeia, Lindl. ; (Benth. & Sook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 509.) 

Eria (Porpax) Meirax; pumila, pseudobulbis aggregatis depresso-globosia 
fere disciformibus brunneis vaginis pellucidis reticulatis arete appressia 
tunicatis, foliis binia parvia ad basin pseudobulbi post flores enatis 
oblongia oblongo-lanceolatisve coriaceia medio sulcatis, floribus apicibus 
pseudobulborum solitaria breviasime pedicellatis decurvis, bracteia oblongia 
arista to-acuminatis, sepalis in tubum incurvnmbasi gibbosum glaberrimnm 
3-lobum confluentibus, lobis sequalibus, petalis late ovatis acutis, petalia 
tnbo calycino inclusia oblongo-spathulatis acutis, labello stipitato, lamina 
orbiculari apice contracto obtuso, columna brevissima. 

E. Meirax, N. E. Brown in Gar A. Chron. (1880), vol. ii. p. 603. Hooh.f. Fl. 
Brit. Ind. vol. vi. p. 786. 

E. Elwesii, Reichb.f. in Gard. Citron. (1883), vol. i. p. 402. 

Cryptochilus Meirax, Reichb.f. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxx. p. 148. 

A very singular little orchid, discovered by the Eev. 
Mr. Parish in the Moulmein Hills, Tenasserim, and sub- 
sequently found in the Sikkim Himalaya by Mr. Elwes. 
It belongs to a very small section of Eria, of which Lindley 
constituted a genus, calling it Porpax (from a Greek word 
signifying the handle of a shield, the application of which 
is not obvious), and. of which there are now five known 
Indian species, distinguished by their small size, depressed 
2-leaved pseudobulbs clothed with reticulate sheaths, small 
sessile leaves, one or few flowers situated on the top of 
the pseudobulb, and very short column. Reichenbach re- 
ferred E. Meirax and two others of the group to Wallich's 
genus Cryptochilus, to which, indeed, in the structure of the 
pollen and perianth they bear a very strong resemblance. 
Wight gave to one Malabar species the generic name of 
Aggeiamthus, from the resemblance of the perianth to a vase ; 
and to another Lichenora, from the depressed flat pseudo- 
bulbs, recalling a Lichen in appearance. 

December 1st, 1893. 

In the " Flora of British India " I have stated that Eria 
is perhaps the most polymorphous genus of Orchids, and 
yet is very difficult of division into groups with denned 
limits. Of these there are thirteen in India, embracing 
ninety-three species. Altogether one hundred and fifty 
species are described, upon which twenty genera have been 

E. Meirax was received at Kew from Mr. Elwes in 1881, 
and has flowered annually on a block of wood in the tropical 
house. The specimen here figured was communicated by 
Sir Charles Strickland, Bart., of Hildenley Hall, York- 
shire, m 1891. It flowered in December, 1892, and formed 
its leaves in the following May. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Pseudobulbs ; 2 and 3, flowere ; 4, flower with half the calyx 
removed; 5, petal; 6, lip; 7, column; 8 and 9, anther; 10, pollinia:— All 
enlarged. » » r 



T "B- e no 

Tab. 7330. 
EULOPHIA. Zeyhert. 

Native of South Africa, 

Nat. Ord. Obciiide^e. — Tribe Vande^;. 
Genus Eulophia, Br.; (Benth. & Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 535 ) 

Etjlophia Zeyheri; foliis post anthesin enatis elongato-ensiformibus acuminatis, 
scapo remote vaginato apice florifero, floribus confertim racemosis sub- 
sessilibus amplis aureis labello intus purpureo, sepalis oblongis acu- 
minatis acntis petalisque panlo minoribus erecto-patulis, labello basi 
breviter obtuse calcarato columnae basi adnato, lobis lateralibus parvis 
rotundatis erectis terminali amplo rotundato concavo, disco inter lobos 
laterales cristis 2 tomentellis apicibus nncinatis ornato, lobi terminalis 
disco setis erectis sparso, columna crassiuscula concava, anthera parva 
obovoidea, polliniis late oblongis ope stipitis lataa glandular disciformi 

E. bicolor, Beichb.f.Sc Sond. ex Beichb.f. in Flora, vol. xlviii. (1865), 186, 
partim (non Blume). 

The name Eulophia bicolor given to this plant by 
Reichenbach is an unfortunate one, applying to four very 
distinct plants. First by Blume in 1857 (Orchid. Archipel. 
Ind. p. 181, t.) to a Timor species; then in 1857 by 
Dalzell (in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. vol. iii. p. 343) to an 
Indian ; and lastly by Reichenbach and Sonder (in Flora, 
xlviii. p. 186) to two species, an Eastern and a Western 
African, supposed by the authors to be the same. It is 
very unlike the German Orchidologist to have overlooked 
Blume's excellent figure and elaborate description, but so 
it is, and Blume's name must stand for the Timor plant, 
though it has been placed by Mr. Ridley in Gyrtopodium* 
(Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xxi. p. 472). With regard to 
Dalzell's bicolor, I have included it under E. nutans in the 
Flora of British India. 

* In doing this, Mr. Eidley followed the "Genera Plantarum," where 
Cyrtopera (a section of Eulophia) is erroneously referred to Gyrtopodium. 
A full account of the course agreed upon by Prof. Oliver, Mr. Bolus, Mr. N. E. 
Brown and myself, of removing Cyrtopera from Gyrtopodium, and uniting 
it together with Lissochilus to Eulophia is given in Bolus's " Orchids of the 
Cape Peninsula " (offprint from Trans. S. Afr. Phil. Soc. vol. v. part i. (1888), 
p. 104). Eulophia is strictly an Old World genus ; and all the Gyrtopodia are 

Decesibee 1st, 1893. 

The African E. bicoJor is founded primarily on an 
Angolan plant of Welwitsch, under which its authors in- 
cluded a Natal one, the subject of the present plate, and 
which I have named E. Zeyheri, after its discoverer, the 
German collector Zeyher ; and the Angolan one may appro- 
priately bear the name E. Welwitschii, after its discoverer. 
Though very much alike in many characters, of the flower 
especially, E. Welwitschii may be at once distinguished by 
its closely sheathed scapes, long racemes of flowers, and 
many-nerved leaves two and a half inches broad. In 
E. Zeijheri, on the other hand, the leaves hardly an inch 
broad are 3-nerved, and the flowers are arranged in sub- 
corymbose head, as in E. ensata, Lindl. {Bot. Reg. t. 1147), 
and other species from the same region of Africa. In fact, 
E. Zeyheri is much, more nearly allied to E. ensata than to 
E. Welwitschii, differing chiefly in the much larger flowers 
and orbicular (not oblong) midlobe of the lip. 

I am indebted to my friend, H. J. Elwes, Esq., F.S.L., 
of Colesbourne, Andoversford, Gloucestershire, for the 
specimen here figured, which flowered with him in April 
of this year, and perfected its leaves in the following 
June. It is a native of Natal and British Caffraria. 

Descr.— -A stout glabrous tuberous-rooted Orchid, 12-18 
inches high, flowering before leafing. Leaves as long as 
the scape, ^ narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, plaited, with 
three principal nerves. Scape as thick as a goose-quill, 
sparingly sheathed. Flowers crowded at the top of the 
scape, pale golden-yellow, with dark purple side lobes and 
base of the lip. Sepals one and a half inch by two-thirds of 
an inch and rather smaller petals oblong acuminate. Lip 
adnate to the base of the column, and produced behind into 
a short obtuse spur ; side lobes small, rounded, erect ; mid- 
lobe large orbicular concave with numerous soft bristles 
on the disk ; two tomentose ridges are situated between the 
side lobes, each ending in a hook. Column broad, hollow 
in front. Anther rather small.—/. D. E. 

t ^J. 1 '. Li P ? n , d column; 2, lip; 3, column and spur of lip; 4, anther; 
o, polhma -.—All enlarged. 


ItS 4a 


Tab. 7331. 

Native of the Transvaal. 

Nat. Old. Proteace.*. — Tribe ProteeyE. 
Genus Protea, Linn. ; (Benth. & Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. iii. p. 169.) 

Protea rhodantha ; fruiticulus nanus erectus glaber, caule simplici brunneo 
maculato basi tuberoso, foliis sessilibus lineari-oblongis apice rotundatis 
immarginatis basi angustatis venosis, capitulo terminalr amplo 3-poll. 
diam., latissime turbinato glabro basi in pedunculum brevem obconicum 
bracteolis parvis dense imbricatis viridibus brunneo marginatis tectum 
repente attenuato, bracteis patulis, inferioribus latissime obovatis obtusis 
roseis viridi costatis marginatisque, intimis sensim longioribus oblongis 
concavis apice rotundatis pulchre roseis, calycis semipollicaris tubo in- 
feme glabro marginibus supeme lobisque sericeo-pilosis, antheris i poll, 
longis rubris, stylo gracili recto, Btigmato-elongato gracili cylindraceo. 

I have vainly attempted to identify this beautiful plant 
with any of the sixty-six African Proteas described in De 
Candolle's Prodromus by the late Dr. Meissner, or with any 
contained in the rich herbarium of Kew. It belongs to 
Meissner's first section of the genus " Caulescentes," with 
erect stems and terminal heads, and to the subsection in 
which the involucral bracts are not bearded ; but none of 
the species described under this section, nor indeed has 
any described species of the genus been discovered in 
a locality nearly so far North as the habitat of P. rhodantha, 
namely, Pilgrim's Eest, on the west of the Transvaal 
Drakensberge, in lat. 25° S. and long. 31° E. As regards 
this Drakensberge region, Mr. Bolus informs me that it 
abounds in rocky denies where Proteacex are a marked 
feature in the landscape, and that it has been very imper- 
fectly explored. When it is considered that the same 
mountain range extends into the hitherto botanically unex- 
plored Matabele Land, it is obvious that a multitude of 
new plants remain to reward the first botanical traveller 
who visits it. 

With regard to Protea itself, the genus cannot be satis- 

December 1, 1893. 

factorily worked up, except from the living plants in South 
Africa, and by a botanist who will devote some years to 
their study. Herbarium specimens are insufficient for the 
purpose ; Museum space is necessary for the accommodation 
of such portions of each species as would afford materials 
for study, and these should be accompanied by photographs 
of the whole plant from which they are taken. Now that 
the vegetation of South Africa has been so well harvested 
iu the main, it is quite time that local botanists should 
take up special branches, as Mr. Bolus has the Orchids ; 
and I can imagine no more interesting field of research 
amongst the hard- wooded plants of the S. African Colonies 
than the Proteacese afford. 

Protect, rltodantha was raised at Kew from seeds presented, 
with others, by W. J. Horn, Esq., of Balham, in 1886. 
It flowered after attaining a height of 18 inches, in May of 
the present year. — J. D. 11. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, base of larger perianth- Regment ; 3, upper part of ditto 
with anthers ; 4, pistil; 5. section of ovary with ovnlo : — All evJarged. 


To Vol. XLTX. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXIX. of 
the whole Work. 


7328 Abutilon vitifolium. 
7302 Acaiithorhiza aculeata. 
7294 Allium cabulicum. 
7290 ,, kansunense.* 
7324 Allomorphia Griffifchii. 
7327 Amorphophallus oncophyllus. 
7297 Anthurium Charaberlaini. 

7285 Antirrhinum glutinosum. 
7313 Armeria latifolia. 
7284 Arundina bambusse folia. 
7312 Bauhinia variegata var. Can- 

7309 Brownleea ccerulea. 
7283 Bulbophyllum comosum. 

7286 „ Pechei. 

7329 Calceolaria andina. 

7274 Caralluma campanulata. 
7288 Carox baccans. 

7287 Cattleya iricolor. 
7278 Cococypselum hirsutum. 
7306 Crotalaria longirostrata. 

7275 Cypripedium fasciculatnm. 
7319 ,, montanum. 
7318 Bolichos simplicifolius. 
7273 Epidendrum spondiadum. 

7329 Eria Meirax. 

7330 Eulopbia Zeyheri. 

7291 Exarrhena macrantha. 

7292 Gladiolus oppositiflorus. 
7325 Hapalinc Brownei. 
7310 Ilex conocarpa. 

7276 Iris Hookeriana. 

* Roai kansnenso.— J 




Kniphofia modcsta. 
Lasiosiphon anthylloides. 
Mammillaria prismatica. 
Megaclinium minutum. 
Miscanthus sinensis. 
Musa Mannii. 
Nemesia strumosa. 
Phajus tuberculosus. 
Phalaenopsis tetraspis. 
Protea rhodantha. 
Rhaphidophora decursiva. 
Rhododendron Falconeri, var. 

Rhododendron racemosum. 
Satyrium coriifolium var 


,, sphaerocarpum. 

Saxifraga media. 
Schizocodon soldanelloides. 
Senecio sagittifolius. 
Sphasrolobium grandiflorum. 
Stcvensonia grandifolia. 
Symphyandra Hofmanni. 
Tacca pinnatirida 

» >> 

Tillandsia microxiphion. 
Trichopilia sanguinolenta. 
Tritonia rosea. 
Vaccinium padifolium. 
Veronica Colensoi. 
„ Fairfieldii. 

. G. B. 


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