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plants; of tf)e Eopal Martinis of &eto, 




FR.S,, P.L.S., etc., 



(Or Vol CZri. of the Whole Work.) 

When the warm sun that brings 

Seed-time and harvest has returned again, 
"J'is sweet to visit the i till wood, where springs 

The tii st Bower of the plain." 




fight* reserved.] 

102TD0ST : 



Heather Bank, Weybridge. 

My dbar Mb. Wilson, 

You will, I hope, gratify me by accepting the 
dedication to you, of this, the 116th Volume of the 
Botanical Magazine, and thus enabling me to add one 
more name, and that a most worthy one, to the long list 
of zealous, skilful, and disinterested devotees of horti- 
culture, whose services have been commemorated in 
successive annual issues of this work. 

Believe me, 

Very sincerely yours, 



. . 

, • 

M "' ■ 

•'-,' 1' ' 

i; . 

ael, JOTitWith 

L Reevft &. C° London 

Vincent Brooks flsf Si 

Tab. 7093. 

Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. Sarraceniace^e. 
Genus Heliamphora, Benth. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 48.) 

H. nutans, Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p.' 432, t. 29 (Ic. in Flore 
des Serves, Herat, t. 2246-7; F. im Thurn in Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. 2, 
vol. ii. p. 263, 271. 

The remarkable plant here figured, discovered exactly 
half a century ago, had up to within the last few years 
been seen in a living state by only two naturalists, the 
brothers Schomburgk. These energetic travellers, when 
on a -journey to determine the boundary line between 
British Guiana, Brazil, and Venezuela in 1839, were the 
first to make known that extraordinary castellated moun- 
tain Roraima, which, rising perpendicularly from an 
elevated table-land, itself 6000 feet above the sea, was 
supposed to be, as regards its summit, in accessible. On 
the marshy Savanna at the base of the mountain they 
found a Pitcher plant, and recognizing its interest, Sir 
Robert made an excellent drawing of it, which, with dried 
specimens, he communicated to his friend Mr. Bentham for 
description and publication. The result is an admirable 
paper on Heliamphora nutans by the latter botanist, which 
appeared in the year following its discovery, in the Trans- 
actions of the Linnsean Society. In his account of 
Heliamphora, Bentham, recognizing its close affinity in 
the character of the fruit and foliage with the Sarracemas 
of North America, placed it in the same Order, pointing out 
at the same time great differences. Thus whilst Sarracenia 
has a double pentamerous perianth, single-flowered scapes, 
three-bracteolate flowers, a stigma almost unique for 
size and construction, and large dilated lids that arch 
over the mouths of the pitchers, Heliamphora has a single 
four- to six-merous (sepaline) perianth, three- to five- 
flowered scapes, unibracteate flowers, a stigma of minute 

January 1st, 1800. 

size and quite simple structure, and a rudimentary lid of the 
pitchers represented from a very early stage by little more 
than a constriction at the apex of those organs. 

Of these differences two only have been bridged over by 
the comparatively recent discovery of a third genus of Sar- 
raceniacyce, namely Darlingtonia (Tab. 5920), in which the 
stigma is intermediate in complexity of structure, and the 
lid of- the pitcher,- whilst never closing that organ, under- 
goes another and a very different development from either 
of its co-ordinates. Turning to the fruits of the three 
genera, they are essentially the same except in the structure 
of the testa of the seeds, which in Sarracenia are obscurely 
winged along the raphe, in Heliamphora broadly winged 
all round, and in Darlingtonia wingless but clothed with 
squarrose bristles. The essential structure and functions 
of the pitcher are the same in all three .genera, the in- 
terior of the latter presenting detentiye hairs on the upper 
part, and a glandular secreting surface below. 

Viewing the relations between these three genera to 
one another, the question naturally arises whether to 
regard Heliamphora as a degraded, or an ancestral, member 
of the Order. I incline to the latter view, though it points 
to the surmise that the Order originated in a region now 
separated by upwards of 2000 miles from that inhabited 
by any of its other members, in so far as their distribution 
is known. Possibly, not probably, other Sarraceniaccce 
may exist in the little known mountain' regions of Vene- 
zuela, though such may not be expected to occur in the 
volcanic areas of Central America and the West Indies. 

It remains to add that Heliamyhora was first re- 
found by Burke, an English Orchid Collector in the 
Koraima district m 1881,* who brought plants of it to 
Messrs. Veitch and Sons; and that in 1884 Mr im 
Thurn collected it on the occasion of his reaching the 
supposed inaccessible summit of Roraima. In his account 
of the botanical collections which he made during 
that expedition (Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. 2, ii. 263) he 
mentions Heliamphora as growing "in wide spreading 
very dense tufts m the- very wettest places, where the 
grass happens not to be long. The red-veined pitchers, its 
dehcate white flowers raised high on red-tinted stems, its 
sturdy habit ot growth, make it a pretty little picture- 

wherever it grows. But it attains its full size and best 
development, not down in the swamp, but up on the ledges 
of the cliff of Eoraima, and even on the top (about 8000 

In the above notice, Mr. im Thurn speaks of the red- 
veined pitchers, a character that has not appeared in the 
cultivated plant, but which is most marked in Sir R. 
Schomburgk's drawing, where on every pitcher are about 
seven strong broad red longitudinal nerves with defined 
margins. Also in the same figure the number of perianth 
segments varies from five to six, and they are very un- 
equal in size and irregular as to insertion. 

The accompanying figure is from a beautiful plant 
which was flowered by Messrs. Veitch in June, 1889. 
The very large leaf outlined at the back, and the analyses 
of the fruit are from Herbarium specimens ; the former 
is of a specimen sent by Mr. im Thurn from the top of 
Roraima. — /. I). IT. 

Fig. 1, Apex of pedicel and stamens ; 2, stamen; 3, pistil; 4,- transverse 
section of the ovary ; 5, ripe capsule ; 6, seed ; 7, nucleus of the same cut 
vertically ; 8, embryo -.—all enlarged. 


M Smith del, J.NHtAltth. 


L "Reeve &.C London 

Tab. 7094. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Epidendre.e. 
Genus Pleubothallis, Br.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 488.) 

Pleurothallis ornata ; cfEspitosa, acaulis, foliis parvis breviter petiolatis 
ellipticis subacutis v. apice 3-denticulatis crasse coriaceis, pedunculis 
foliis longioribus gracilibus, racemis elongatis erectis laxifloris nexuosis, 
bracteis tubulosis appressis, floribus parvis pedicellatis, sepalis e basi 
erecta patenti-recurvis subasqualibus ellipticis obtusis fusco-fiavidis cre- 
berrime rubro-maculatis appendiculis elongatis hyalinis pendulia mar- 
ginatis, petalis falcatis subspathulatis obtusis, labelli uDgue gracili, 
limbo oblongo obtuso basi cordato disco basin versus callo compresso 
instructo, columna superne in alam galeatam denticulatam dilatato. 

P. ornata, Reiclib.f in Witten. Gartenzeit. 1882, p. 106 ; F. Oliver in Nature, 
vol-.xxxvi. (1887) p. 303. 

The genus Pleurothallis is one of the largest amongst 
Orchids. In the Genera Plantarum it is credited with 
about 350 described species, and a considerable number 
of undescribed. In respect of number it ranks below two 
only, Ejndendrum and Habenaria, each of which boasts of 
400 ; but when its wider range of country, minute size, 
and inconspicuous flower are taken into account, it may 
well be that it will eventually prove to dominate over all 
other genera of the Order. In the Catalogue of all known 
names of described plants up to the year 1885, which is 
being prepared at Kew for the new INomenclator, and which 
botanists will owe to the liberality of Darwin, upwards of 
six hundred entries under the genus Pleurothallis will be 
found. As might be expected, the arrangement of so vast 
a concourse of species, many of them ill or imperfectly 
defined, into subordinate groups, is a matter of great 
difficulty. Lindley in the " Folia Orchidacea " proposed 
ten sections, founded almost entirely on habit, of which 
so many appeared to Bentham to be unnatural combina- 
tions, that on a revision of the species he has (in Gen. 
Plant, iii. 488) rearranged them under seven sections. 

P. ornata in Lindley's classification belongs to the 

January 1st, 1890. 

" Apodce ccesjntosce, ' 'distinguished by their tufted 
absence of a rootstock, small leaves, much excee 
the scape, and long raceme of many small flowers. IIapj«i) 
in this instance Bentham's and Lindley's sections so far 
coincide, that the latter has retained for the section the 
name Apodce. 

Fortunately P. ornata has a character for which it may 
be distinguished from all its known congeners in the ex- 
quisitely beautiful silvery threads, all of equal length, that 
fringe the sepals, and being attached by an almost im- 
perceptible base wave with every motion of the flower 
or air. These threads have been studied by Mr. Frank 
Oliver, and describedjin " Nature " (see citation above). Each 
is slightly clavate in form, gradually enlarging from the 
base to the obtuse apex ; its walls are thin and trans- 
parent, and its cavity contains air alone. A careful 
examination of the base of each shows that it is formed by 
the elongation of one of a group of very small marginal 
epidermal cells, the swollen base of which is embraced by 
the cells on either side of it, as shown in fig. 5, which is 
copied from Mr. Oliver's drawing. These threads have 
been compared to the curious pendulous and equally 
vibratile organs of Bulbophyllum lemniscatum (Plate 5961), 
in which they proceed one from the back of each sepal ; but 
whereas the threads of P. ornata are of the simplest 
structure, those of the Bulbophyllum are extraordinarily 
complex, as a reference to the plate shows. Another 
plant with analogous appendages is Upicrianthes javanica, 
Blume (Bulbophyllum, nob.), in which six pendulous 
threads in clusters of three replace each petal'; the 
structure of these is known to me only from a drawing by 
Parish, which represents them as entirely similar to those 
of Pleurothallis ornata; Blume, however, describes them 
as fleshy. 

Pleurothallis ornata flowered in the Royal Gardens in 
April, 1887. The plant was presented by Messrs. Shuttle- 
worth and Carder, of Clapham. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of leaf ; 2 and 3, flowers ; 4, portion of sepal with appen- 
dages ; 5, transverse section through margin of sepal, showirjg insertion of 
appendage; 6, flower with sepals removed ; 7, lip; g, column: 9, pollinia :-r- 
ali enlarged. - 



VrnceittBrnolfsDrtv-A SonJniD 

Tab. 7095. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Pe.oteace.ze. — Tribe Pkotde^. 
Genus Photea, Lain.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 169.) 

Pkotea (Acrocephalse) nana ; frutex glabra, bipedalis, ramosa, foliis confertis 
erecto-patentibus acicularibus acutis acuminatisve, capitulisterminalibus 
nutantibus hemisphsericis, squamis _3-4-seriatis appressis oblongis 
obtusis, exterioribns virescentibus sericeo-marginatis, intimis cocciueis 
glaberrimis tiores ciliatos longe super antibus, periantbii hirsutuli labio 
majore inlaminam spathulatam producto, minore filiformi apice cymbi- 
i'ormi 3-denticulato, antheris sessilibus obtuse apiculatis, ovario hirsuto, 
stylo exserto glabro curvo, stigmate f asiformi. 

Proteanana, Thunh. Diss. Trot. p. 30; Prodr. ffl. Cap. p. 130; Linn. Syst. 
Veg. Ed. 14, p. 139; Ait. Sort. Kew, Ed. 2, vol. i. p. 192; Brown in 
Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. x. p. 87; Meissn. in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. pars 1, 
p. 241. 

P. rosacea, Linn. Mant.-p. 189 ; Lamh. 111. voL i. p. 238 ; Encycl. Bot. vol. v. 
p. 653 ; Smith Exot. Bot. vol. i. p. 85, t. 44. . 

P. acuifolia, Salisb. Parad. p. 2. 

Leucadendron nanum, Berg, in Act. Stockholm, 1766, p. 325; Plant. Cap. 
p. 22 (excl. syn. Petiv.). 

L. pinifolium, DC. mss. 

On the authority of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, Protea 
nana was introduced into England in 1787 by Francis 
Masson, a collector sent to South Africa from Kew ; and 
it seems surprising that so attractive and striking a plant 
should have been lost to cultivation. In this respect it has 
shared the fate of a vast number of equally handsome or even 
handsomer species of Protea and its allies, not to mention 
other South African plants that ornamented the green- 
houses of our grandfathers. Of Protea itself, a genus 
containing upwards of sixty known species, about one- 
half have, previous to the first quarter of this century, 
been both cultivated and figured in Europe, chiefly -m 
England, and thirteen of these in this Magazine. The 
dates of publication of the latter give a, fair idea 
of the epochs during which their . cultivation was en- 
couraged • thus, of the first thousand plates there were ot 

Jaxlaky 1st. 1890. 

Protea four, all published between 1796 and 1806; of the 
second thousand, four again are of Protea (between 1809 
and 1815) ; of the third thousand, four (between 1823 and 
1827); since which, from 1827 to 1881, or out of 3838 
plates, only one is of a Protea, and that published as late 
as 1881, to be followed in 1889 by the species here figured. 
And what applies to Protea applies to Gape plants in 
general, for I feel sure that a sifting of the figures of the 
species of Erica, Stapelia, and other South African genera 
published in this work, would give a like result. The 
history of the Australian Prot eacece im under a horticultural 
point of view, offers a similar example of a neglected 
branch during late years ; but the flourishing epochs of 
these and Proteacece differ, chiefly because the earliest 
Kew collectors were South African, the later Australian. 
Under Plate 6558 (Protea penicillata), I have given the 
reasons why Cape Proteacew have fallen out of cultivation, 
and I must refer to the remarks under that species for 
further information on the subject. 

Protea na,na is a native of rocky places in the Cape Town 
district. The plant figured was raised from seed sent to 
the Eoyal Gardens by Professor MacOwan, Director of 
the Cape Town Botanical Gardens. It flowered in a cool 
green-house. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Tip of leaf; 2, flower; 3, posticous lip of perianth with one anther; 
4, anticous lip with three anthers ; 5, vertical section of ovary, showing the 
ovale : — all enlarged. 

Tab. 7096. 

rosa berberifolia. 

Native of Persia and Western Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rose^e. 
Genus Rosa, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 625.) 

Rosa berberifolia ; f oliis subsessilibus simplicibus cuneato-obovatis oblongisve 
glaucis apices versus serratis dentatisve, stipulis 0, floribus solitariis, 
ovario globoso sepalisque lanceolatis simplicibus hispido-setosis, petalis 
orbiculatis aureis ima basi macula purpurea v. sanguinea notatis, ovariis 
glaberrimis, stylis liberis inclusis pilis flexuosis hirsutis, stigmate dilatato 
reniformi, fructu globoso, carpellis oblique ovoideis glaberrimis. 

Rosa berberifolia, Pallas in N~ov. Act. Petrop. vol. x. p. 379, t. 10, f. 5 ; 
Redoute et Thor. Ros. vol. i. p. 87, cum Ic; DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 602; 
Ledeb. Fl. Alt. vol. ii. p. 224; Ic. Plant. Ross. t. 370; Ait. Hort. 
Kew, Ed. 2, vol. iii. p. 258 ; Lindl. Ros. Monogr. p. 1 ; Wallroth 
Monogr. Ros. p. 25; Kar. 4* Kiril. Enum. Plant. Fl. Alt. No. 322; 
Aitchison in Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. 2, vol. iii. p. 62 ; Masters in Bull. Soc. 
Bot. Belg. vol. xxviii. ined. ; in Gard. Citron. 1889, vol. ii. p. 9, fig. 1, 2 ; 
and p. 78, fig. 13. 

R. simplicifolia, Salisb. Hort. Allert. 359; Parad. t. 101 ; Olivier Voy. vol. v 
p. 49, t. 43. 

Hultbemia berberifolia, Dumort. Dissert. Tournay, 1824, p. 8 (ex Endlich. 
Gen.); Ledeb. Fl. Ross. vol. ii. p. 72; Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. ii. p. 668. 

Lowea berberifolia, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1261. 

Rhodopsis, Bunge in Ledeb. Fl. Alt. vol. ii. p. 224. 

Few plants were more asked after during my Director- 
ship of the Royal Gardens than the simple-leaved Rose, 
a .plant that had often been in cultivation but lost, 
and which, in so far as I knew did not then exist in 
cultivation. Discovered by Pallas about the middle of 
the last century, it was introduced into England about 
1790 through the exertions of Sir Joseph Banks, and was 
figured by Salisbury in his Hortus Paradisaicus (t. 101). 
Nothing further appears to have been heard of it as a 
cultivated plant till the publication of the beautiful figure 
in the Botanical Register, from a plant that flowered in 
1828 in the Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens, and 
which was raised from seed sent by Sir Henry Willock 
from Persia. Dr. Lindley, writing eloquently and pathe- 
Januakv 1st, 1890, 

tically, says of the plant " that it resists cultivation in a 
remarkable manner, submitting permanently neither to" 
budding, nor grafting, nor laying, nor striking from 
cuttings, nor, in short, to any of those operations," one or 
other of which succeed with other plants. Drought does 
not suit it ; it does not thrive in wet ; heat has no bene- 
ficial effect, cold no prejudicial influence ; care does not 
improve it, neglect does not injure it. Of all the numerous 
seedlings that were raised from Sir H. "Willock's seeds 
and distributed, scarcely a plant remains alive. Two are 
still growing in a peat border in the Chiswick Garden ; 
but they are languishing and unhealthy ; and we confess 
that observation of them in a living' state, for nearly four 
years, has not suggested a single method of improving the 
cultivation of the species." 

On the other hand, I have the pleasure of citing, in his 
own words, the success of Mr. Watson, Assistant Curator 
of Kew, in both cultivating and propagating this interesting 
plant : — 

" At Kew this rose is planted in a raised border of rich 
porous loam in a cool green-house where Cape bulbs are 
grown. It is exposed to full sunshine all the year round. 
During summer the soil is kept moist, but after October, 
when the leaves fall off, it is kept as dry as possible, and 
the plant remains dormant until March." 

" We have failed to propagate this rose by means of 
grafts or cuttings, although tried in the various ways 
which answer with other roses. Several plants have, how- 
ever, been obtained from the suckers developed by the 
Old plant. These suckers grow under the soil for about a 
foot before pushing through and forming leaves. If the 
underground part is cut through after the sucker is about 
six months old, roots are formed on the severed part." 

Returning to the history of the species, I find from a 
note in the late J. Gay's Herbarinm now at Kew, that 
Professor Bertoloni, writing in 1831, when Director of the 
Bologna Botanical Gardens, mentions the Rosa berberifolia 
as being in cultivation there, and as having been for sixteen 
years previous to that date, but that its origin was un- 
known. For the latest notice I must refer to Brigade-Sur- 
geon Aitchison's "Account of the Botany of the Affghan 
Boundary Commission," to which that energetic botanist 


on fane 

was Naturalist, published in the Transactions of the 
Linnean Society cited above. Ap. p. 62, it is described as 
the most characteristic shrub of the country (N\ Persia) 
from Bala .Morghab westwards over the whole Badghis 
the Hari rud valley into Khorasan, up to an altitude of 
5000 feet. That is, from about Long. 63° to 60° E., where, 
as that gentleman informs me, it forms' low dense patches. 
From that region it stretches north-westwards into 
Western Turkestan, finding its northern and eastern limits 
in the Soongarian Altai, about 90°- E. and 45° N. The 
specimen here figured was from plants raised by seed 
which Dr. Aitchison sent in to Kew in 1885, which flowered 
in May, 1889, and which are of a more straggling habit 
than the native specimens. 

For an excellent summary of the points in which Rosa 
. befberifolia differs from its congeners so greatly as to have 
suggested its generic separation, I must refer to Dr. 
Masters' " Eemarks on the Morphology of Rosa berberi- 
folia " in the Bulletin of the Botanical Society of Belgium. 
After stating that according to some botanists the plant 
has no leaves, — to others that it has no stipules, — to others 
that the stipules constitute the leaves, — and to still others 
that the spines constitute the stipules, his own careful 
analysis shows that the stipules are suppressed, but 
potentially present, and may possibly' be developed in 
vigorous cultivated specimens. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Petal ; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, carpel; 5, fruit; 6, acliene :— all but 
Hg. 5 enlarged. 

Jtf-S.del. J.NPcLdilitK 

'fincentBrociks^ay & Sanlmp. 

Tab. 7097. 
IRIS (XIPHION) Boissieri. 

Native of Portugal. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 686.) 

Ims (Xiphion) Boissieri ; bulbo parvo oblongo, caule gracili simplici sub- 
pedali, foliis radicalibus subteretibus subpedalibus viridibus facie profunde 
canaliculars, superioribus paucis sensim minoribus, supremis bractei- 
formibus, spatha? valvis ventricosis rigidulis, pedicello brevissimo, ovario 
cylindrico acute trigone-, limbo violaceo segmentis exterioribus obovato- 
cuueatis carina lutea pilis paucis instructa, segmentis interioribus erectis 
obovato-unguiculatis, styli cristis parvis deltoideis. 

I. (Xiphion)' Boissieri, Henriquez in Bolet. Brot. vol. iii. p. 183, with figure; 
Willie, lllust. Plant. Sisp. vol. ii. p. 46, t. 118 ; Foster in Gard. Chran. 
1887, vol. ii. p. 38. 

This new bulbous Iris is known only on a single moun- 
tain in the south of Portugal, the Serra do Gerez, where 
it grows at an altitude of from two thousand to three 
thousand feet above sea-level. It belongs to the true 
Xiphions, the same group that includes the well-known 
English and Spanish Irises of gardens, with all their 
multiform variations in the size and colouring of the flower, 
and is nearest to I. filifolia, Boiss. (Xiphion jilifolium, 
Hook. fil. in Bot. Mag. t. 5928), which is also a native of 
the Spanish Peninsula. It differs, however, from all its 
neighbours in having a rudimentary beard, like that of a 
Pogoniris, down the keel of the lower part of the outer 
segments. There is a specimen in the Kew herbarium, 
collected by Winkler in 1876. It was first flowered in 
England in 1877 by Professor M. Foster, who received 
the bulbs from Mr. A. W. Tait of Oporto. Our drawing 
is made from material supplied by Messrs. Barr and Son, 
of Tooting and Covent Garden. It flowers in England at 
the beginning of June. 

Descb. Bulb small, oblong, with thin brown outer 
tunics and a few fleshy root-fibres. Stem a foot long, 
slender, terete, simple, bearing at the base one or two 
Jaktaby 1st, 1890. 

subterete long-pointed green leaves a foot long, deeply 
channelled down the face, and higher up several others, 
which, grow gradually smaller till the uppermost is en- 
tirely bract-like and adpressed. Spathe inflated, two 
incheslong; valves greenish and moderately firm at the 
flowering time; pedicel very short. Floiver scentless; 
ovary cylindrical, acutely trigonous, an inch long ; perianth- 
tube green, slender, above an inch long ; limb bright lilac, 
an inch and a half long ; outer segments with, an obovate 
reflexing blade, about as long as the cuneate claw, with a 
bright yellow keel down the face, which, is furnished with 
a few gland-tipped hairs like those of the beard of a 
Pogoniris ; inner segments as long as the outer, erect, 
obovate-unguiculate, half an inch broad. Style-branches 
reddish-lilac, under an inch long; crests small, erect, 
deltoid. Anthers yellow, half an inch long.—/. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of anther ; 2, back view of anther ; 3, top of style-branch, 
with crests and stigmas : — all enlarged. 

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Tab. 7098. 
PODOPHYLLUM pleianthum. 

.Native of Formosa. 

Nat. Ord. Berberidace/E. — Tribe Berbeue/E. 
Genus Podophyllum, Linn.; {Benth. et Iloolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 45.) 

Podophyllum pleianthum ; glaberritnum, foliis peltatis convexis orbicularibus 
9-lobis lobis late ovatis acutis ciliato-denticulatis, floribus inter folia 
2 opposita numerosis umbellatim confertis pendulis, sepalis lineari- 
oblongis obtusis viridibus, petalis duplo longioribus obovato-oblongis 
luride purpureis apices versus crispatis, staminibus 6, ovario ellipsoideo, 
stylo brevi, stigmate cup.ulari dentato. 

P. pleianthum, Hance in Journ. Bot. vol. xxi. (1883) pp. 175 and 362. The 
Ghrden, 1889, ii. 299, f. 44.. 

' Podophyllum pleianthum is a near ally of the North 
American Mandrake, May-apple or Duck's-foot, P. pelta- 
tum, a plant common in the Eastern United States, and 
introduced into cultivation in England as long ago as 
1616. For two centuries P. peltatum was the only known 
species of the genus, until 1821 in fact, when the late 
Dr. Wallich' discovered another in Nepal, the P. Emodi. 
Both these species have solitary flowers, white in the 
North American plant, pink in the Himalayan ; but whereas 
in the former the flower is axillary, springing from the 
meeting of fhe two leaves, and the stamens are double the 
•number of the petals; in the latter they are extra-axillary, 
being inserted on the petiole of the upper of the two 
leaves, and the stamens are the same in number as the 
petal's. The discovery, therefore, of a species with 
axillary flowers and stamens and petals isomerous, as is 
the case with P. pleianthum, was an interesting fact, 
rendered all the more so from its departing from both its 
congeners in being many-flowered and the corolla of a 
deep purple colour. 

P. pleianthum was discovered in the Island of Formosa, 
in 1881, by T. Watters,Esq., H.B.M. Consul in that island, 
,who sent specimens to the late eminent Chinese botanist, 
Dr. Hance, who published it, and whose excellent descrip- 

Fkhruaky 1st, 1890. 

tion in the Journal of Botany contains an exhaustive 
comparison of the characters of the three then known 
species as enumerated above. 

Not long after the discover y of P. pleiauthum, Dr. Hance 
had the good fortune to receive specimens of a fourth 
species, from the continent of China, P. versipelle, Hance 
(in Journ. Bot. vol. xxi. 362), which has clustered extra- 
axillary flowers and six stamens. Its leaves are much like 
those of P. pleianthum, but more deeply divided. 

The flowers of P. pleianthum and versipelle have a most 
offensive smell, like those of many Aroidew, which I do 
not find to have been observed in other species. The 
leaves and roots of the American Mandrake are drastic 
and poisonous, but the sweet and subacid fruit is eatable, 
as I found that of -the Himalayan species to be. 

Plants of P. p'eianthum were sent to the Royal Gardens 
by Mr. Charles Ford, F.L.S., Superintendent of the Hong 
Kong Botanic Gardens, in 1885, and it flowered in August 
of last year. It came along with the singular Eomecon 
chionanthe (Plate 6871), and was cultivated in a pot in a 
cold frame till 1889, when it was planted arid flowered in 
a border of loam in a cold house. — J. D. H. 

. Fig. 1, Stamen and pistil ; 2, transverse, anil 3, vertical section of ovarj : — 
all enlarged. 


VingentBrooksrayA SnnjJ 


Tab. 7099. 

Native of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Obchidej:. — Tribe Vakue^:. 
Genus Cottonia, Wight ; (Benth. et LLook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 572.) 

Cottonia macrostachya; catile suberecto 6-8-pollicari folioso internodiis 
brevibus, foliis loratis recurvis canaliculars inaaqualiter 2-lobis, scapo 
12-18-pollicari erecto gracili distanter ramOso, ramis apices versus flori- 
feris, bracteis parvis ovatis, pedicellis elongatis cum ovario \~\ pollicaribus, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis petalisque angustioribus patentissimis luride 
flavis sanguineo-striatis, Iabello sepalis multo majore et latiore purpureo 
aureo marginato, lobis lateralibus parvis. auriculaaformibus, terminali 
ample- patente subpanduraeformi retuso, marginibus late villosis. 

Cottonia macrostachya, Wight Ic. PI. Lid. Or. t. 1755 ; Bah. Sf Gibs. Bomb. 
JFl. 263 ; Lindl. in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. iii. p. 39. 

C. peduncularis, Reichb.f. in Cat. Orchid. Schill. 1857, p. 52; TRwaites Ennm. 
PI. Zeylan. 303 ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 860. 

Yanda peduncularis, Lindl. Gen. S( Sp. Orchid. 216 ; Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. iii. 
t. 253. 

An interesting Orchid, as being the only Indian one 
known to me of which the lip resembles that of an 
Ophrys. This was observed by Lindley when describing 
the plant, partly from a drawing made in Ceylon; and it 
may be added that Ophrys aranifera is the species to 
which it makes the nearest approach in form and colour ; 
but whereas in the Spider Orchid the insect's eyes are 
counterfeited by the two coloured calli at the base of the 
lip, in Cottonia the same effect is produced by the minute 
basal lobes of the lip itself. 

Cottonia was first described as Vanda peduncularis by 
Lindley, from which genus it differs in the absence of a 
spur on the lip, Later, Wight perceiving that it was no 
Vanda, and hence not suspecting that it was the Ceylon 
plant described under that genus by Lindley, gave it the 
name Cottonia after Major (now Major-General and C.S.I.) 
Cotton, of the Madras Engineers, an indefatigable coHector 
and successful cultivator of Orchids, who found it at 
Tellicherry in Malabar, and sent to Dr. Wight specimens 

February 1st, 1890. ' 

and a drawing. Since that period it lias been found in 
other localities in the Western Ghats, extending as far 
north as the Warree country. The genus is, as far as at 
present known, monotypic ; for the Cottonia Championii of 
Lindley, a plant with a wide distribution, being found in 
Eastern Bengal, Ceylon, Tenasserim and Hong Kong, 
differs so greatly in habit, foliage, inflorescence, lip and 
column, that it is strange that it should ever have been 
supposed to be congeneric. I have named this latter 
plant Diploprora (Flor. Brit. Ind. vol. v. ined.) from the 
compressed two-beaked cymbiform lip ; unlike G. macro- 
stachya, it is a plant of no horticultural attractions, and it 
has not as yet been in cultivation in England. 

Cottonia macrostachya was introduced into England 
about forty years ago, and there is a figure of it in 
Paxton's .Flower Garden ; but it had long been out of 
cultivation till reintroduced of late years. 

The specimen here figured, which flowered in the Royal 
Gardens in May of last year, was received from the 
Director of the Ceylon Botanical Gardens in 1885. Mr. 
Watson informs me that it requires the same treatment 
as the tropical Vandas, and flowers annually, the flowering 
season extending over three months. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, column ;• 3, anther ; 4 and 5, pollinia -.— all enlarged. 

M.S. del, 

Tab. 7100. 


Native of South' Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Droserace.e. 
fleims D EOS era, Linn. ; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Ctv. PI. vol. i. p. 662 ) 

Deosera. cisiiflora ; caule erecto simplici gracili felioso 1-6-floro, foliis linear i- 
bus creberrime glandulosis, floribus amplis roseis violaceis v. albis, sepaljs 
lineari-lanceolatis glanduloso-pnberulis, petalis late cuneato-obovatis 
margine exteriore crenulatis, filamentis brevissimis, antheris oblongis, 
ovarii styliw a basi 2-partitis ramis inter filamenta porrectis capillaribua 
petalis dimidio brevioribus, apicibus flabellatim multifidis stigmatosis. 

D. cistitfora, Linn. Amce.n. Acad. vol. vi. p. 85 ; Burnt. PI. Afric. p. 210, 
t. 75, f. 2; Thunb. Diss. Bros.; Fl. Cap. p. 279; DC. Prodr. vol. i. 
p. 319; Planch, in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 3, vol. ix. (1848) p. 202 ; Ban: 
$ Sond, Fl. Cap. vol. i. p. 78. 

D. speciosa, Presl, Bot. Bemerlc. 14; Planch. 1. c. 202; Walp. Ann. vol ii. 
p. 72. 

D. Heliantbemum, Planch. I. c. p. 203 ; Walp. I. c. 

D. violacea, Willd. Enum. Plant. Sort. Reg. Berol. 340. 

The most beautiful of all known Sundews, at least in 
so far as the species in cultivation . are concerned; and 
this form of it especially, for the scarlet flowers are not 
invariable. Thunberg . describes two varieties, one he 
calls alba, with white petals spotted at the base; the 
other, violacea, with rosy red or purple flowers. There 
are besides a D. speciosa of Presl, retained as a species 
by Planchon, with fewer and less, glandular leaves, and 
which is the D. cistijlora var. £. of B. Meyer, and D 
Heliantliemum 'of Planchon, with a taller many-leaved 
three- to six-flowered stem, and which is the D. astiflora 
var. multiflora of Eckl. and Zeyher. Amongst the nu- 
merous .specimens in the Kew Herbarium, there are many 
that are intermediate between the other species retained 

by Planchon. „ . , 

The genus has been divided by De Candolle into two 
sections" namely Borella, with rosulate leaves leafless 
scapes, and sparingly divided " or simple rtyles, >** 
Ergahium with usually leafy stems and much-branched 

February 1st, 1890. 

styles, to the" latter of which D. cistiflora belongs, 
though placed by De Candolle in the former. Planchon, 
on the other hand, has divided Drosera into thirteen 
sections, upon characters, however, which Bentham does 
not find sufficiently constant to be regarded as good, or so 
natural as to be useful. Of these thirteen D. cistiflora 
belongs to sect. Ptycnostigma^ with forked styles bearing 
fiabellately multifid tips, and an ovary with three placentas." 

D. cistiflora is confined to the south-west corner of 
South Africa, and in so far as is at present known does- 
riot extend beyond ISfO miles from Cape Town in any 
direction. Within that limit it has been found by every 
collector, and is no doubt a common plant. The specimens 
here figured were presented by Miss North in 1889, and 
flowered in a sunny green-house. Mr. Watson informs me 
that the flowers last about a fortnight, after which the 
leafing stem dies, but the roots remain healthy,. as with 
other Cape species and with the Australian D. dichotoma. 

Descr. Root of fascicled fibres from a slender rhizome. 
Stem six to twelve inches high, erect, slender, leafy, pubes- 
cent with minutely glandular hairs. Leaves two to four 
inches long, by one-sixth of an inch broad, spreading, 
linear, subacute, copiously clothed on the margin and 
upper surface with the glandular hairs of the order ; 
stipules 0. Flowers one to three at the end of the stem, 
erect, nearly two inches in diameter. Sepals lanceolate, 
acute, not half the length of the petals, green, pubescent. 
Petals cuneately obovate, rose-red scarlet violet or white ; 
outer margin erose, rounded truncate or retuse. Stamens 
very short ; anthers oblong, red-brown, longer, than the 
filaments. Ovary subglobose, deeply laterally three-lobed ; 
styles cleft to the base, segments capillary, projecting 
horizontally between the bases of the filaments for upwards 
of half the length of the petals, white, tips fiabellately 
lacerate with stigmatic arms. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Apex of leaf ; 2 and 3, stamens ; 4, ovary : — all enlarged. 


ve&C J,nr^r 

Tab. 7101. 
CHIRONIA palustrts. . 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane2E. — Tribe Chironie;e. . 
Genus Chirgnia, Linn.; ( Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 305.) 

Chironia palustrts; perennis, caule robusto erecto tereti folioso, foliis radi- 
calibus confertis lineari-spatbulatis obtusis in petiolum latum angustatis, 
caulinis sessilibus basi connatis, calycis segmentis lineari-lanceolatis 
tnbum corolla? amplae rosea? aaquantibus, corolla? lobis ellipticis obtusis 
tubum superantibus, antheris lineari-oblongis tortis, stylo lente curvo. 

C. palustris, BurcheWs Travels, vol. ii. p. 226. 

C. Krebsii, Griseb. Gen. fy Sp. Gent. p. 98. 

Plocandra palustris, Griseb. in DC. Prodr. vol. ir. p. 43. 

P. albens, E. Mey. Comm. PI. Afr. Aust. fasc. 2, p. 181. 

G. 'palustris differs from other species of the genus in 
the strongly- twisted anthers, in which character it ap- 
proaches the European genus Eryihrcea, of which the 
purely South African genus Ghironia may be regarded as the 
strict representative, differing chiefly in the stigma, which, 
though often two-lobed, is never broadly two-lamellate. 
The spirally twisted stamens and straight style of G. 
palustris have led to its being first sectionally separated 
by Grisebach in his Monograph of Gentianese, as sect. 
Pseudo- Sabbat ia, and latterly generically separated by E. 
Meyer under the name of Plocandra. As, however, 
Bentham has pointed out, the anthers are at length twisted 
in a true Chironw, C. jpeduncularis, and the style is cer- 
tainly curved in Plocandra palustris. 

Under G. peduncularis , Plate 7047, I have given some 
statistics of the cultivation of the Cape Chirdnias in Eng- 
land, with the names of all known to have been introduced. 
.To these the present species is a very handsome addition. 
It is a native of the Eastern districts only, extending from 
Natal northward to the Limpopo or Crocodile Kiver, 
which bounds the Transvaal on the north in Lat. 22° S., 
and southward to East London in Lat. 33° S., where Mr. 
Watson in 1887 collected seeds from plants growing 

February 1st, 1890. 

amongst grass in swampy ground near the sea. From 
those seeds the specimen here figured and others were 
raised. They flowered throughout the summer, both in a 
cold green-house and out of doors. It is singular that, ' 
though the district in which Mr. Watson found it has 
been well' explored, no previous collector had found the 
species so far to the southward by several hundred miles. 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem, twelve to eighteen inches 
high, stout, terete, green, leafy. Radical leaves densely 
tufted, four to five inches long, very narrowly spatrmlate, 
obtuse, thick, narrowed into a broad petiole, bright green ; 
nerves very indistinct ; cauline leaves sessile, connate by 
their bases. Flowers numerous, in branching leafy cymes ; 
pedicels. stout, usually about as long as the calyx; floral 
leaves or bracts one to one and a half inches long, linear, 
acute. Calyx half an inch long, narrow ; segments linear- 
lanceolate, acuminate, as long as the tube of the corolla, 
green. Corolla nearly two inches iu diameter, bright rose- 
red ; segments elliptic, obtuse, concave. Stamens decli- 
nate; filaments short, stout, about as long as the linear- 
oblong yellow strongly twisted anthers. Ovary fusiform, 
terete ; style as long, curved ; stigma two-fid. — J. I). B. 

Tr'd' Tube ° f COr ° Ua and stamen ; 2 aud 3, stamens; 4, ovary:— all 


Tab. 7102. 
CYPRIPEDIUM Rothschildianum. 

Native of New Guinea. 

Nat. Ord. Orciiide.e. — Tribe CYrniPEDiE.E. 
Genus Cypripedium, Linn.; (Benth. et Hcolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 634.) 

Cypripedium Rothschildianum ; foliis 1-1^ pedalibus lateloratis obtusis glabris, 
scapo pedali 1-3-floro pubescente liiride. purpureo, bracteis ovario multo 
brevioribus spatbaceis rubro-purpureo fasciatis, floribus maximis, sepalo 
dorsali amplo erectoovato albo lineis ad 15 rubro-purpureis latis striato, 
sepalis lateralibus in unum dorsali minorem ovato-lanceolatum 9-stri- 
atum connatis, petalis sepalo dorsali duplo longioribus albis lineis 
purpureis 7 striatis ciliatis et sanguineo-maculatis, labello calceiformi 
apice saccato sacco gibboso et decurvo extus roseo v. albo purpureo 
venoso intus pallido, staminodio lineari uncinatim recurvo villoso, ovarii 
viridis costis rubro-purpureis. 

C. Rotbschildianum, Reichb. f. in Gard. Chron. 1888, i. 457 and 554; Veitch 
Man. Cypriped. 45. 

C. neo-guineense, Linden (name only), Gard. Chron. 1888, 505 (advertisement). 

This superb Cypripedium was received for«figuring under 
the above name from Messrs. Sander and Co., of St. 
Albans, who imported it from New Guinea, and at whose 
request Professor Reichenbach dedicated it to Baron 
Ferdinand de Rothschild, a munificent patron of Horti- 
culture. It comes so near the subsequently imported 
0. ■ Elliottianum, O'Brien, also introduced by Messrs. 
Sander, but which is reported to be a native of the 
Philippine Islands, that Mr. Rolfe, of the Kew Herbarium, 
believing the two to be forms of one species, is in doubt 
under which to place it. 

These Malayan ■Gypripedia present several points _ ot 
great interest, of which one is their variability, which 
may be taken into consideration with the facility with 
which they hybridize. Thus of such hybrids Messrs. 
Veitch in their Manual enumerate no fewer than sixty 
definite forms, besides less marked ones. Another con- 
clusion arrived at by Messrs. Veitch (Manual, p. 2) is 
that the individual species throughout the genus, American 
and Indian, must have at one time existed in much greater 
numbers than they do now, and that the genus is "suffer- 
ing gradual extinction." In support of this opinion the 

February 1st, 1890. 

chief arguments are the view of the great antiquity of the 
genus, held by Mr. Darwin, who, alluding to the anoma- 
lous characters of the flowers, regards Gypripedium as 
" the record of a former and more simple state of the 
great Orchidean Order;" and the great rarity of many 
of the Malayan species. * Now it is not an easy thing to 
prove the rarity of species in individuals, and in little 
explored tropical and mountainous islands it is impossible. 
I have myself felt convinced of the rarity of an Orchid 
as to which, as I afterwards heard, had I strayed right or 
left of the locality in which I had collected it, I should 
have found it abundant over a large area ; and I know of 
more than one noble Orchid (Arachnanthe Gatkcartii is 
one), long supposed to be most rare in the country where 
I first found it, becoming abundant after a change in its 
environments. This is, as I am informed, the case with 
our own G. Galeeolus in one of its English localities, a 
species cited as an instance of approaching extermination 
in England. Nor must it be forgotten that G. Galeeolus 
inhabits the whole of North Europe and North Asia ; just 
as the American G. macranthum, or a very close ally, 
stretches throughout the entire length of the. Himalayan 
range. If there be any truth in the assumption of the 
species dying out, Messrs. Veitch's suggestion that this is 
due to the paucity of- insects suitable for their fertilization 
is a plausible one, and one which may be eventually 
followed up in the case of G. Roths childianum by some 
fever-proof individual who will spend hours on the damp 
ground in the forests of New Guinea on the remote chance 
of capturing its insect visitors, and thus discovering if 
these or their visits are rare. 

The subject of the antiquity of a genus or group of 
plants is a very attractive one, and far too complex to 
enter on here. Such, antiquity, when leading to extinction, 
is supposed to result in fixity of type, in rarity of in- 
dividuals, and in the restriction of these in area. In 
respect of it I may allude to the singular fact that though 
Gypripedium is one of the few tropical genera of Orchids 
that inhabit both the eastern and western hemispheres, 
it has not hitherto been found in Africa or Madagascar, 
countries which have on plausible grounds been held to 
have been the most recently peopled with plants. — J. D. iff. 

Fig., Column, mayniji- 


del, JU Pi 

Tab. 7103. 
• ZAMIA Wallisii. 
Native' of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Cycadace*:.— Tribe Encephalabte^. 
Genus Zamia, Linn.; (Benth. et HooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 447.) 

Zamia Wallisii; tranco humili crasso cylindraceo glabro, prophyllis tri- 
angularibus apicibus pro'ductis lanatis, foliis paucissiugulatim evolutis, 
petiolo gracili elongato distanter aculeato primum villosulo demum glabro, 
foliolis 2-8-jugis petiolulatis amplis ellipticis lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis 
acuminatis basi acutis rarius cordatis, apices versus obliquos irregulariter 
dentatis, supra fete viridibus nervis perplurimis immersis, subtus flavo- 
viridibus, strobilis masculis 2-3-pollicaribus breviter pedunculatis oblongo- 
cylindraceis, pedunculo lanuginoso, peltis crassis hexagonis tomentosis 
vertice coucavis, antberis subglobosis. 

Z. Wallisii, A. Brawn in Monatsb. Berl. Acad. Wissensch. 1875, p. 376. 

Z. ? amplifolia, Eort. Bull, ex Masters in Gard. Chron. 1878, vol. ii. p. 810. 

Aulacopbyllum Wallisii, Begel Gartenfl. 1876, p. 143 ; Bev. Cyead. p. 30. 

Z. Wallisii is one of three new species discovered in 
1873 by Gustav Wallis, when in the employment of Messrs. 
Veitch as collector in New Grenada, and described by the 
late Professor Braun of Berlin in the Monthly Proceed inns 
of the Berlin Academy of Sciences. By Kegel it has 
been transferred to his genus Aulacophyllum, which he 
distinguishes from Zamia by the leaves appealing j n 
terminal whorls and not one after the other, and by the 
impressed nerves of the leaflets, characters which in the 
Genera Plantar um (vol. iii. p. 447) are held to be of no 
account, and which Z. Wallisii does not conform to. The 
nearest ally of Z. Wallisii is Z. Skmneri, Warsczw., a native 
of Guatemala, figured at Tab. 5242 of this work, which 
has lanceolate prophylla, sessile leaflets, and elongate 
brown tomentose cones. 

The number of known species of Zamia is uncertain. 
In Regel's Review of the Cycadacew, published in 1876, 
there are six of Aulacophyllum, twenty-two of Zamia, and 
one of Microcycas (referable to Zamia)', and this is about 
the number estimated in the Genera I'lantarum ; of I 
sixteen are now in cultivation at Kew. 
Mabch 1st, 1890. 

There are magnificent native specimens of the foliage 
of Z. Wallisii in the Kew Herbarium, collected by Kal- 
breyer, with leaflets eighteen inches lon£ and five to nine 
broad, and petiolule two and a half to three inches 
long ; they were collected at Cinegetas or Minegetas (a 
place I do not find in any map or gazeteer) at an elevation 
of 4-4,500 feet. There is also in the Kew Herbarium a 
sketch, made by Professor Eichler, of a leaflet received 
from Veitch, which is oblanceolate, twenty inches long by 
four and three-quarters broad ; and of another seventeen 
inches by ten and a half, elliptic with a cordate base 
and very stout petiolule four inches 'long. 

The plant from which our figure' was taken was presented 
by Messrs. Veitch .in 1888, and flowered in May, 1889. 

Desgr. Trunk a span high, cylindric. Leaves appearing 
one by one; petiole- two to three feet high, slender, 
sparsely prickly, young laxly villous, mature glabrous ; 
leaflets two to eight pairs, very variable, from oblanceolate 
to elliptic, acute, base acute or cordate ; petiolule one to 
four inches; nerves very many, impressed; prophylla 
broadly triangular, with long stout produced apices, 
tomentose. Cones (male only known) clustered, two to 
two and a half inches long, cylindric, on a short stout 
sna &gy peduncle; scales shortly stipitate ; heads hexa- 
gonal, very thick with a concave crown, tomentose ; anthers 
subglobose. — J. D. //. 

Fig. 1, Scale of cone viewed from above; 2, side view of the same with the 
anthers before dehiscence ; 3, the same with the anthers dehisced »4, anther: 
-all enlarged. 

— all enlarged. 


Reeve & C° London. 


VincbiiL BrooksD a y& Sonjr 

Tab. 7104. 

satyrium membranaceum. 
Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide-e. — Tribe Ophryde^. 
Genus Satyrium, Sw.; (BentL et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 629.) 

Satyrium memhranaceum ; glaberrimum, robustum, foliis 2 humistratia revolu- 
tisque rotundatis acutis carnosis multinerviis, scapi validi vaginis mem- 
branaceis infimis apice foliaceis, spica densiflora, bracteis lanceolatis 
ovaria subasquantibus floribus nutantibus roseis sanguineus ve, sepalis 
lateralibus oblique oblongis acutis patulis, dorsali ligulato apice dilatato, 
petalis ovato-lanceolatis deflexis ultra medium serrulatis/labello hemi- 
spherico apice cuneato reflexo serrulato, calcaribus ovario paullo longiori- 
bus gracilibus, columua a medio deflexa, rostello basi utrinque tuberculato, 
stigmate subquadrato emarginato v. bifido. 

S. membranaceum, Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 216; Lindl. Gen. et Sj). 

Orchid, p. 216 ; N. E. Brown in Gard. Ghron. 1889, vol. i. p. 135. 
S. Princeps, Bolus in BTook. Ic. Plant, t. 1729. 

This beautiful plant has been described by Mr. Bolus 
(who regarded it as a new species) as one of the hand- 
somest of the genus, with bright carmine flowers deepening 
to crimson on the back of the lip. In his admirable de- 
scription, he says that it is allied in habit and floral 
structure both to S. carneum and membranaceum, and 
occupies the same kind of wet sandy dunes near Port 
Elizabeth as are affected by the former near Cape Town. 
He distinguishes it from o. membranaceum " by its more 
robust habit, by its much wider lateral sepals, by its 
obtuse odd sepal, by its emarginate stigmatiferous lobe, 
but especially by the shape of the rostellum, which has a 
long and sharp intermediate tooth in front, so that the 
•apices of the glands nearly touch each other, while in S. 
membranaceum the rostellum has a wide semicircular lobe 
in front, so that the glands are widely separated." Not- 
withstanding these characters, Mr. N. E. Brown, who has 
carefully studied the specimens of Satyrium cucullatum in 
Thunberg's Herbarium, upon which S. membranaceum 
was founded, and which were procured at Port Elizabeth 

March 1st, 1890. 

(the habitat of 8. Princeps), assures me that the two are 
one species. 

8. membranaceum was discovered by Thunberg daring 
his travels in the Cape in 1772 — 1775, and appears to 
be a common species in the neighbourhood of Port 
Elizabeth, where it has been found by many succeed- 
ing collectors, extending thence into British Kaffraria. 
The tubers from which the plant figured here were grown 
were presented to the Royal Gardens by Mr. J. O'Brien, 
of Harrow on the Hill ; they were planted in loam in a 
" Cape Bulb House," and flowered in May, 1889. 

Desoe. Stem one to two feet . high, very stout. Leaves 
two, four to six inches long, opposite, radical, spreading 
horizontally and revolute beyond the middle, rounded 
ovate, acute, many-nerved, thick and fleshy, bright green 
above, paler beneath. Scape as thick as the little finger, 
pale brown ; sheaths one and a half to two and a half 
inches long, appressed, membranous, the lower green with 
a leafy tip. Spike three to five inches long, oblong, dense- 
flowered ; bracts ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, about equal- 
ling the ovary. Flowers nodding, an inch broad across 
the sepals, bright or pale carmine. Dorsal sepals linear- 
oblong, and with the petals deflexed; lateral spreading 
and deflexed, oblong, subacute. Petals lanceolate, acu- 
minate, serrate beyond the middle. Lip hemispheric, 
with a recurved serrulate triangular tip. Column deflexed 
above the middle j rostellum acute ; stigmatic lobe large, 
broad, emarginate or bifid.—/. _D. H 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, top of ovary and column; 3, pollinium :— all enlarged. 


Tab. 7105. 
ARIS^MA Wbayi. 

Native of the Malay Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide.e. — Tribe Arine2E. 
Genus AbisjEMA, Mart.; (Benth. et Hvok.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 965.)* 

Aris.ema (Pedatisectse) Wrayi ,• gracile, petiolo scapoque elongatis marrhora- 
tis, folus 2-3 pedatisectis, foliolis. 5-9 petiolulatis anguste elliptico-lan- 
ceolatis acuminatis basi acutis 3-nerviis supra laete viridibus subtus 
palbdis nervis prominulis, fobolo intermedio ceteris majore longiusque 
petiolulato, extimis saspe multo minoribus sessilibus, scapo folium 
snperante, spatbfe erectse viridis albse v. pallide lilacinae tubo 2-3-pollicari 
subcylmdraceo, _ lamina tubo equilonga suberecta ovato-cordata apice 
producta, marginibus tubum cingentibus late recurvis, spadice mascula 
gracillima, appendice decurva dein filiformi pendula spatha longiore, 
antherarum glomerulis sparsis subsessilibus. 

A ' ^?S?* SemsL in Journ - BoL 1887 ' P- 205 ! N - E - Br own in Card, Chron. 
1889, vol. li. p. 136. 

The genus Ariscema is a remarkable one amongst Aroids 
for its wide range in latitude, from the tropics to far.into 
the north temperate zone ; and as might be expected from 
this, the elevation it attains is equally remarkable, from 
the low-lying equatorial regions of the Malayan Archi- 
pelago, to an elevation of 12,000 feet in the Himalaya. 
And what is very singular in a genus of so wide a dis- 
tribution, there are no sectional groups of it more 
characteristic of the colder than of the hotter regions, or 
vice versa. The nearest ally of A. Wrayi is the Javanese 
and Su,matran A.jiliforme, Blume (Rumph. vol. i. p. 102, 
t. 28). A. Wrayi itself is a native of Perak, where it was 
discovered by Mr. L. Wray, who in 1884 sent herbarium 
specimens to Kew from Birch's Hill, with the note that 
the flowers are pale lilac and white, whereas in the culti- 
vated plant they are pale green. In 1888 the same 
excellent correspondent sent living tubers to Kew, which 
flowered in January, 1889, and from one of these the 
accompanying figure was made. 

Descr. Tubers as large as a hazel-nut or larger, each 
giving off a flowering scape and one or three leaves. Sheaths 
one to two inches long, membranous. . Petiole twelve to 

March 1st, 1890. 

eighteen inches, slender, and as well as the petiolules and 
scape mottled green and white and, dotted with red ; leaf- 
blade pedately five- to nine-partite, leaflets six to eight 
inches long, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate caudate-acuminate, 
dark green above, paler beneath, central leaflet largest 
longest, and with the longest petiolule, being one to one 
an(J a half inches long; outermost leaflets, when more 
than five, much smaller and sessile. Scape longer than 
the leaves, tall, very slender. Spathe erect; tube two 
inches long, cylindric or subcampanulate, pale green white 
or pale lilac with darker nerves ; limb as long as the tube 
and broader, ovate with a. produced lip, slightly arched, 
darker green, margins at the base and around the mouth 
of the tube broadly revolute. Spadix (male) very slender, 
rachis white^ spotted with purple;, anthers in scattered 
shortly stipitate clusters of three to five, globose; 
appendix slender, narrowed into long decurved and then 
pendulous filiform tail, about twice as long as the tube 
of the spathe. Fruit red. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Cluster of anthers ; 2, the same after dehiscence -.—both enlarged. 



M.S. del, JN Rtch.lith. 

Vincent BrooksD&y& S 

Tab. 7106. 

LATHR^A Clandbstina. 

Native of Europe. 

Nat. Ord. ScR(*nuLARiNE5:. — Tribe Euphrasies. 
Genus Lathrsa, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 935.) 

Lathrjea Clandestina; densisissime caaspitosa, caulibus brevibus crassis 
robustis ramosis squamosis, squamis reniformibus intus lacunosis, 
floribus racemosis longiuscule pedicellatis strictis erectis, bracteis squamis 
caulis conformibus, corollas tubo calyce duplo longiore, labio superiore 
producto obtuse 3-dentato, inferiore 3-lobo, ovarii placentis 2 pauci- 
ovulatis, capsula oligosperma, seminibus majusculis angulatis testa 
crassa Iasvi. 

L. Clandestina, Linn. Sp. PI. 843 ; Bertolon. Fl. Ital. vol. vi. p. 309 ; Lamlc. 
Encycl. t. 551. 

Clandestina rectiflora, LamJc. III. Gen. t. 551, f. 1 ; Mutel Fl. Franc, vol. ii. 
p. 353; Renter in DC. Prodr. vol. xi. p, 40; Reiehb-. Fl. Germ. t. 1765; 
Duchart. in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, vol. xx. p. 145. 

Dentaria apbyllos, Pay Hist. Plant, p. 1230. 

Orobanche sp. 15, Morison, Plant. Hist. Univ. Qxon. vol. iii. p. 503, sect, xii 
t. 16, f. 16. 

The remarkable plant here * figured, though usually 
referred to the" same genus as our English Toothwort, 
Z/. squamaria, has some claims to the retention of the generic 
name of Clandestina, which has been accorded it, in con- 
sideration of its racemose inflorescence, erect flowers, 
longer upper lip of the corolla and angled seeds, in con- 
trast to the numerous minute seeds of Lathrcea and its 
spicate secund drooping flowers. Another difference 
between the two, which I have not found to be noticed 
elsewhere, is the frequent opposition of the branches of L. 
clandestina, and which strengthens the removal of the 
genus from Orobanchacece to Scrophularinem, as was first 
done by Solms Laubach in his admirable paper on its 
systematic position. 

L. Clandestina iS a planl of rather restricted range ; it is 
common in the west and south of France, and especially 
along hedge banks at the foot of the Pyrenees^ where its 
pale violet flowers have a very handsome appearance, and 
is found also in Spain, Belgium, and Italy. 
March 1st, 1890. 

A third species, L. Rhodopea, Dingl., is found in Thrace ; 
it has slender stems and long eylindric racemes; a fourth 
(the only other) is Glandestina japonica, Miq., a native of 
Japan ; it has the habit and inflorescence of L. squamdria, 
but the corolla rather of L. clandestina. . 

A plant of L. Clandestina was presented to Kew in 
May, 1888, by Dr. Schumann of the Berlin Herbarium, 
and was planted by the roots of a willow near the piece of 
water opposite ' o Museum No. 1, where it has already 
increased threefold, and flowered profusely in April, 1889. 
In " The Garden," April, 1869, p. 316, it is stated that in 
the grounds, of the Honourable J. Saumarez, of Livermore 
Park, Bury St. Edmunds, there is a plant of L. clandestina 
established 'on .the roots of a deciduous Cypress. In 
•Europe its favourite hosts are the Willow and Poplar. 

Rhizomes densely interlaced, eylindric, fleshy, scaly. 
Stems innumerable, nearly buried in the earth, densely 
crowded, four to six inches high, eylindric, smooth, fleshy, 
yellowish brown, scaly ; scales half to three-fourths of an 
inch broad, reniform, semi-amplexicaul, thick, spongy with- 
in, the lacunae Having pedicelled glands internally. Racemes 
three to five inches high, many-flowered; flowers two 
inches long, erect, inserted all round the rachis, pale 
greyish purple or violet, with a dark purple lower lip ; 
bracts like the scales of the stem ; pedicels one inch long 
or less, very stout. Calyx tubular-eampanulate, four-cleft 
above the middle ; tube four-angled and four-ribbed ; 
lobes triangular, margins thickened. Corolla laterally 
compressed, tube twice as long as the calyx, compressed, 
contracted above the base, and there hairy within ; upper 
lip obtusely three-toothed ; lower much shorter, recurved, 
margins incurved. Stamens four; filaments puberulous; 
anthers oblong, cells free and aristate at their bases, 
hirtellous. Ovary seated on an oblique fleshy disk, one- 
celled, or two-celled when young from the parietal placentas 
meeting in the axis ; style slender, puberulous ; stigma 
capitate, two-lobed. Capsule one-celled, two-valved at 
the apex, placentas linear. Seeds four to five, large, testa 
fungous. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Transverse section of a scale of the stem; 2, lower part of corolla 
laid open and stamens ; 3, anther ; 4, pistil and disk ; 5, advanced ovary 
with enlarged disk : — all enlarged. 


Vincent, Brooks Lay & Son,! 

Tab. 7107. 
PAPAVER eupifgagum, var. Atlantic um. 

.Native of Moroccd. 

Nat. Ord. Papaverace^e. — Tribe Eupapavehe/e. 
Genus PArAVEE., Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 51.; 

Papaver rupifragum, var. atlanticum; rhizomate multicauli, caule simplici 
scapiformi v. ramoso et folioso, foliis plerisque radicalibus una cum caule 
sepahsqne setis longis. albidis dense obtectis oblanceolatis grosse dentatis 
pinnatifidis v. pinnatipartitis, segmentis inajqualibus incisis, alabastris 
nutantibus, floribus. amplis, petalis late cuneato-obovatis miniatis v. 
aurantiacis,. capsula clavata, stigmatibus 6-8. 

P. rupifragum (Boise, et Rent. Pugill. p. 6), Regel Gartenfl. vol. ii. t. 45. 

Var. atlanticum, Ball in Journ. Bot. vol. 1873, p. 276 : in Journ Linn Soe 
Bot. vol. xvi. p. 313. 

P. atlanticum, Cosson III. Fl. Atlant. fasc. i. p. 11, t. 6; Comp. Fl. Atlant. 
vol. ii. p. 64. 

I follow Mr. Ball in referring this beautiful poppy, with- 
out hesitation, to a hirsute variety of Boissier's P. rupi- 
fragum of Andalusia in Spain, though, as he himself 
says, it is totally different in aspect, being hoary and 
everywhere copiously hairy, whilst the Spanish plant is 
dull green and nearly glabrous. M. Cosson, on the other 
hand, in his beautiful " Illustrationes Floras Atlanticae," has 
figured the Morocco plant as a distinct species. The species 
is interesting as showing the close connection between the 
Floras of the mountains of the south of Spain and Morocco. 
The only figure of the typical P. rupifragum is that given 
by B,egel in his Gartenflora ; it is taken from a very poor 
weak specimen, with five strongly crenate petals described 
as of a red-gold colour. The var. atlanticum was dis- 
covered by Mr. Ball and myself in the greater Atlas south 
of the city of Morocco, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet, 
growing in dry rocky places ; and as it was seen in only 
two or three localities at considerable distances apart, 
and there very sparingly, it is probably a scarce plant. 
It has also been found in Demenet, a province of the 
Atlas east of the city of Morocco, by collectors sent' by 
M. Cosson. The specimen figured was raised from seed 
March 1st, 1890. 

presented by the late Mr. Ball ; it flowered in an open 
"border of the Herbaceous Ground at Kew in the end 
of May, 1889, and attained a much greater stature than it 
does in the Atlas. 

DjiscK. Perennial. Stems many from the rootstock, 
one to two feet high, simple or sparingly branched, slender, 
aiid as well as leaves and peduncles hispidly setose with 
long white spreading hairs. Leaves radical -or radical 
anc^ cauline, six to eight inches long, oblanceolate, sub- 
acute or obtuse, pinnatifidly lobed and lobulate, rarely 
pinnatipartite, lobules obtuse, bright green above, paler 
beneath ; upper smaller, sessile, lower contracted into a 
petiole. Peduncles three to six inches long, slender; buds 
drooping. Flowers two to three inches in diameter. 
Sepals two-thirds of an inch long, hispid. Petals very 
broadly cuneately obovate, margins undulate, orange-red. 
or scarlet. Stamens rather short, not very numerous. 
Ovary shortly clavate ; stigmatic rays six to eight, not 
exceeding in length the crown of the ovary. Capsule one 
to one and a half inches long, clavate, six- to eight-ribbed, 
glabrous ; stigmatic rays dark purple. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen ; 2, capsule : — both enlarged. 


'rooltsDEty StSan Imp. 

L. Reeve &. C° London. 

Tab. 710S. . 
PRESTOEA Carderi. 

Native of Guatemala. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Akecine^e. 
Genus Prestoba., Hook.f. ; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 899.) 

Prestoea Carderi ; foliorum segmentis lineari-elongatis 7-nerviis in caudam 
elongatam filiformem attenuatis, spatha interiore elongata gracili stricta 
coriacea, spadice tomento f ulvo-brunneo furfuraceo, floribus minutis roseis 
glaberrimis, masculis sabsymmetricis sepalis minutissimis, petalis el- 
lipsoideis subacutis coriaceo-carnosalis valvatis, foemineis plerisque 
solitariis globoso-ovoideis, sepalis hemisphericis concavis, petalisque 
consimilibus arete imbricatis, orario subsymmetrico ovoideo apice obtuse 
3-denticulato 1-loculari, ovulo asymmetrico prope basin loculi erecto. 

Geonoma Carderi, Bull List of New $«. Plants, 1876, p. 9, cum Ic. xylog.s 
T. Moore in Florist Sf Pomolocjist, 1878, p. 182. 

The graceful Palm here figured was discovered in Guate- 
mala by Mr. Carder, a collector in the employment of Mr. 
Bull, and was advertised for sale at Mr. Bull's establish- 
ment in 1876 under the above name. That it is not a 
Geonoma in habit or foliage is obvious, but until it flowered 
it was impossible to say under what genus of Arecece it 
should have been placed. From the material now avail- 
able in the Royal Gardens, it flowered for the first 
time in 1889, it may certainly be referred to the subtribe 
Oncospermere (of the " Genera Plantarum "), and in so far as 
can be "determined in the absence of fruit, to the West 
Indian genus Prestoea, which differs from nearly all of the 
subtribes in the petals of the female flower not having 
valvate tips, and from all but Hyospathem having an erect 
ovule The only other certainly known Prestoea ia the 
P triuitnisis * of Trinidad, which was confounded with 
EyoevoiU puhigem in the Floraof the British West Indies ; 
but the Euterpe montona, Grah., of the Island of Grenada, 

# Tn the " Genera Plantarnm " I gave no specific name to P>v,A ^ ,; which 
*J[£fe 25 I -Wtbat of t^nt f*^*-*^ 
^^^If^Jo^^P^^ol trinitensis for the original 
i*&Ech fa th TlZ ~&m the fact of Mr. Pmtoe ha«ng L. 
Superintendent of the Trinidad Botaoical Gardens. 

A rim. 1st, 1890. 

figured at t. 3374 of this work, is probably another species. 
It differs from the other two in having a perfectly glabrous 
spadix. I should add that I have submitted the figure of 
P. Garderi to my friend, Dr. Wendland, of Herrenhausen, 
whose knowledge of Palms is unrivalled, and he has quite 
independently arrived at the same conclusion as myself m 
respect of the genus to which it should be referred. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Bull for the 
plant of P. Garderi, which is now planted out in the. Palm 
House, where it flowered in May, 1889. 

Descr. Gaudex in the Kew plant nearly three feet' high 
(but will probably attain a much greater height), about as 
thick as the wrist, clothed with the reticulated fibrous 
short sheaths of the old leaves ; -base stoloniferous. Leaves 
eight to ten feet long, spreading and arching gracefully, 
perfectly glabrous ; segments very many, all free to the top 
of the leaf, eighteen to twenty-four inches long by one to 
one and a half inches broad, linear, gradually narrowed 
mto a straight filiform apex two to three inches long, 
strongly plicately seven-nerved, dark green above, paler 
beneath ; petiole three to five feet long, dark green and 
shining, plano-convex towards the base, subtrigonous above 
it; rachis cylindric with a median ridge above. Spathes 
two, lower short, two-fid ; upper very long, three to four 
feet, by about one and a half in diameter, straight, thickly 
coriaceous, rigid, smooth, glabrous. Spadix shortly ex- 
serted, a foot and a half, long, suberect, furfuraceously 
tomentose with a rich pale orange-brown tomentum ; rachis 
strict, rigid, terete ; brandies six to ten inches long, erecto- 
patent, strict, rigid, articulate at the base. Flowers sessile 
in threes (a fern, between two males), scattered all round 
the branches, or solitary and fem. only towards the base of 
the branches, quite glabrous, pale pink. Male fl. Sepals 
mmute. Petals one-eighth of an inch long, free, ellipsoid, 
concave, valvate. Stamens six, filaments longer than the 
petals"; anthers linear-oblong, pistillode acutely three-cleft. 
* em. fl. Sepals and petals semicircular, closely imbricate 
round the ovary, tips not contracted or valvate. Ovary 
ovoid, nearly straight, top minutely obtusely three-toothed, 
one-eel, ed; ovule erect from near the base of the cell.— 
J. 1). H. 

•1 T.'m H C l usters of 3 fl 7 °, we ™ ° n P 01 ;*^" of rachis; 2, male fl. ; 3, pistillode; 
•i, rem. tl. ; ... ovary -.—all greatly enlarged. * 

M.S .deLJ.N:R*oh,Ltli 

Vincent Brooks r L 

LReevekC? Louden. 

Tab. 7109. 
sic ana spherica. 

Native of Jamaica. 

Nat. Old. CucuaisiTACJEiE.— Tribe Cucumeeine^:. 
Genus Sicana, Naud.; {Berth, et Hvok.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 829.) 

Sicana sphenca; ramnlis puberulis, foliis ambitu reniformibus glaberrimis 
punctulatisye 3-5-lobatis basi profunde 2-lobis sinu rotundato, lobia ovati3 
longe acummatia integerrimis denticulatisve, cirrhis 3-fidis apicibus dila- 
tatis, pedunculis solitariis, masculo robusto glabro, calycis to.mentosi lobia 
ovatis patentibus, corolla ampla intus tomentosa; fl. masc. filamentia 
brevissimis liberis glabris, antheris connatis loculis intricatim consortia, 
oyario cylindraceo, staniinodiis obsoletis v. ad setas reductis, fructo 
gtoboso glaberrimo itidehiscente, seminibus complauatia anguste alatis. 

The genus Sicana was founded by Naudin on a widely 
distributed and cultivated American Cucurbit, discovered 
by Piso in Brazil in the early part of the seventeenth 
century, known from Mexico to Brazil as the Curuba, but 
not introduced into Europe till 1862, when seeds were sent 
to the Jardin des Plantes from Peru. Its strongly- 
scented Cucumber-like fruit is used in America as a pre- 
servative of the attacks of noxious insects, both from the 
person and from garments, &c. Hitherto only one species, 
8. odorifera, was known, and that certainly known only in 
cultivation, for I find no clear indication of any native 
locality, nor are there any but cultivated specimens in our 
Herbaria. According to iYaudin the genus differs from ' 
Cucurbita in the reflexed calyx-lobes, connate filaments 
and free anther. To Sicana must now, I think, be added the 
plant here figured, notwithstanding that it differs in its 
spreading calyx-lobes, and consolidated anthers (characters 
which would bring Sicana closer to Cucurbita), as it does 
from both in the reduction of the staminodes to obscure 
tufts of bristles at the base of the calyx-tube. From S. 
odorifera it further differs in the globose fruit about the 
size of an orange. 

Mr. Morris informs me that-$. spherica was found in a 
.ravine in the Blue Mountains, Jamaica, at an elevation of 
Aran 1st, 1890. 

5000 ft,, near the Latimer Cinchona plantations, and was 
not observed elsewhere. His impression at the time of its 
discovery was, that (like so many other monntain plants of 
the Island) it was not indigenous; but on the other hand it 
so closely« resembles the native Goniosicyos pomiformis, 
that it may well be so, and have been overlooked by pre- 
vious collectors. Mr. Morris sent dried specimens to Kew 
in 1884, accompanied with dried fruit, seeds, and a sketch 
of. the male flowers by Mr. Hart; these last are smaller than 
in the plant cultivated at Kew, where plants raised from 
Mr. Morris' seeds flowered in the Water-lily House first in 
September, 1886. 

Descr. A tall perennial climber, nearly glabrous . Leaves 
three to four inches in diameter, reniform in outline, deeply 
three- to five-lobed, smooth or punctulate, base cordate 
"with a deep rounded sinus ; lobes ovate with long acumi- 
nate tips, entire or remotely denticulate, dark green, rather 
shining. Tendrils three -fid, their tips dilated and adhe- 
rent to supports. Male flower solitary ; peduncle ro^ 
bust. Calyx pubescent, limb campanulate; lobes ovate, 
subacute, spreading. Corolla an inch in diameter ; golden 
yellow, pubescent without and with broad greenish nerves, 
densely tomentose within ; lobes broadly ovate, recurved ; 
abortive ovary oblong. Filaments very short, glabrous, 
free or nearly so ; anthers consolidated into a broadly 
oblong or globose head ; cells contortuplicate ; staminodes 
of a few bristles. Female flower not seen. Fruit globose, 
about the size of a small orange ; pericarp thin, smooth, 
glabrous. Seeds one-third of an inch long, oblong, flat, 
with a narrowly winged border; testa smooth, crustaceous. 

Fig. 1, Top of ovary of male fl. with stamens and staminodes ; 2, transverse 
section of the abortive ovary : — loth enlarged. 

"^acea't Brooks Jay 

'■ London 

Tab. 7110. 

Native of Malay Peninsula. 

Nat. Ord. H^modorace^.— Tribe OvmovoGOwm. 
Genus Peliosanthes, Anclr.; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 678.; 

Peliosanthes albida ; foliis ad rosnlam 4-5 lanceolatis petiole- facie snbplano 
dorso seimtereti, pedunculo brevi, raceme elongato laxo angnsto, pedicellis 
brevibus solitafns deflexis, bracteis lanceolatis, perianthio albido seg- 
ments exterioribns ovatis interioribus obovatis, filamentis in tnbum 
brevem incurvatnm coalitis, antheris parvia globosis, ovario semi-infero, 
ovnlis in loculo circiter 5. 

Of the curious genus Peliosanthes ten species are now 
known, only two of Tthich have been figured long ago in 
the Botanical Magazine, viz. P. Teta, tab. 1302, and P. 
humify, fob. 1532. The fruit is like that of Ophiopogm 
and Sansevieria, with the pericarp bursting in an early 
stage and exposing the- single berry-like seed. The genus 
inhabits the tropical forests of India, and extends to 
Western China and the Malay Peninsula. The present- 
species is marked by its narrow leaves, white flowers, and 
very short deflexed pedicels. It was sent from Penang in 
July, 1885, to Kew Gardens by Mr. C. Curtis, Assistant 
Superintendent of the Garden and Forest Department, and 
was flowered at Kew for the first time in the summer of 

Desck. Produced leaves four or five to a tuft ; petiole 
stiffly erect, half a foot long, nearly flat on the face, semi- 
terete on the back; blade lanceolate, about a foot long, an 
inch and a half or two inches broad at the middle, bright 
green, moderately firm in texture, narrowed gradually to 
both ends, with seven - or eight strong main vertical ribs, 
with a fainter one midway between each pair, connected 
by distinct cross-veinlets. Peduncle short, with many 
small lanceolate bract-leaves. Raceme lax, subppicate, six 
or eight inches long ; pedicels solitary, very short, deflexed ; 
bracts lanceolate. Perianth whitish, a quarter of an inch 

A*bil 1st, 1890. 

in diameter ; outer segments ovate, inner obovate. Fila- 
ments connate in a short incurved tube ; anthers sub* 
globose, minute. Ovary globose, half-inf erior ; ovules 
about five in a cell ; stigma sessile, three-lobed. — /. G. 

Fig. 1, Bud with bract; 2, expanded flower; 3, flower with segments cut 
away ; 4, staminal type with a single anther ; 5, vertical section of staminal 
tube and ovary ; 6, transverse section of ovary : — all enlarged. 




. Tab. 7111.. 
iris orchioides. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^:. — Tribe J&.OAMSM. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (JBentk. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI, vol. Hi. p. 686.) 

Iris (Juno) orchioides ; bnlbo magno ovoideo tunicis membranaeeis brurrneis, 
caule;oligocepba_lo semipedali vel pedali, foliis produce's 5-6 lanceolatis 
acuminatis viridibus facie canaliculars margine baud incrassatis, spathjB 
valvis lanceolatis pallide viridibus haud inflatis, pedicello breri, perianthii 
tubo elongate, limbo ssepissime citrino interdum oculato vel lilacino tineto, 
segmentis exterioribus lamina patula oblonga cristata ungue cuneato 
baud auriculato, segmentis interioribus parvis deflexis oblongis ungne 
angusto canaliculato, styli cristis subdeltoideis magnis. 

I. orchioides, Carriere in Rev, Hort. 1830, p. 337, fig. 68 ; Foster in GanL 
Chron. 1889, vol. i. p. 588. 

I. caucasica, vars. oculata & major, Maxim, in Bull. Acad. Petrop. vol. x. 
pp. 688, 689. 

This species is nearly allied to Iris caucasica, whirl) 
differs from it by its dwarfer habit, leaves furnished with 
a thickened horny border, inflated spathes, and paler yellow- 
flowers, with the crest of the blade of the outer segments 
serrated, and the sides of the claw expanded at the top 
into a transparent auricle. It inhabits the mountains of 
Turkestan and Bokhara, attaining an elevation of seven 
thousand feet above sea-level. It varies greatly in the 
colour of the flower, the type being plain bright yellow, 
and varieties furnished with a dark spot at the base of fche 
blade or the blade altogether lilac, except a yellow spot 
round the central crest. It has been grown for many 
years in English gardens under the names of Maximowicz 
above cited. Our description is made partly from plants 
that have flowered at Kew, and partly from specimens sent 
by Professor Foster and Mr. H. J. Elwes. Our drawing 
was made from a plant flowered by the latter at Cirencester 
last April. 

Desck. Boot-fibres many, cylindrical. Bulb ovoid, an 
inch or more in diameter; tunics brown, membranou 
Stem half a foot to a foot or more long, bearing two or 

April 1st, 1890. 


three flowers, sessile in the axils of the upper leaves. 
Leaves five or six, lanceolate, acuminate, six to nine inches 
long at the flowering season, bright green, with a chan- 
nelled face, and without any • distinctly-thickened horny 
border. Spathes one-flowered, two inches or more long ; 
valves not inflated, lanceolate, pale green ;• pedicel very 
short. Perianth-tube slender, cylindrical, an inch or more 
long ; limb in the type as figured bright yellow, two inches 
long ; outer segments with a spreading oblong blade half 
an inch broad, with an entire orange crest running down 
the lower part; claw narrowed gradually from the apex 
to the base, without any transparent auricles ; inner seg- 
ments drooping between the bases of the outer, with a 
small oblong blade and a long channelled claw. Style- 
branches above an inch long; crests large, subdeltoid. 
Anther linear, shorter than its filament. Capsule and seeds 
not seen. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Front view of anther ; 2, 'back view of anther ; 3, apex of style, with 

crests : — all enlarqed 


M. S.del, J.N.FitctOith.. 


L Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 7112. 


Native country unknown. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe Vajvpe^e. 
Genua Vanda, Brown; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 578.) 

Vanda (Euvanda) Kimballiana ; caule elongato, foliis eloDgatis teretibus pro- 
funde canaliculars acuminatis, pedunculo elongato, racemo multifloro, 
floribus albis labello roseo, sepalo dorsali petalisque obovato-spathulatis, 
sepalis lateralibus falcatis decurvis dorsali multo majoribus, labelli lobis 
lateralibus parvis incurvis corniformibus terminali orbiculato emarginato 
eroso basi lamellato, calcare labello gequilongo. 

V. Kimballiana, JReichb. Lindenia, t. 204; J. O'Brien in Gard. Chron. 
1889, p. ii. pt. 165; Solfe I. &. p. 294, fig. 50. . 

This beautiful species was introduced into England by 
Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., but from what country has not 
been divulged. Its nearest ally is said to be V. Amesianti, 
R-eichb. f. (Warner's Orchid. Alb. vol. vii. t. 296), which 
is a reputed native of India. It is indeed very nearly allied 
to that plant, differing notably in the very narrow leaves, 
so narrow indeed as to be terete in outline though deeply 
channelled, and in the corniform side- lobes of the lip. 
From the terete-leaved V. teres and V. Hookeriana it widely 
differs in floral characters. The name Kimballiana was 
given by Professor Reichenbach in compliment to W. S. 
Kimball, Esq., of Rochester, U.S.A., a noted Orchido- 
philist. The specimen here figured was lent for figuring 
by Messrs. Low in September of last year. 

Descr. Stem about six inches long in the specimen 
figured (but probably scandent and attaining a great 
length), as thick as a goose-'quill, clothed with short 
brownish, green, mottled leaf-sheaths; roots very long 
and stout. Leaves six to ten inches long, gradually nar- 
rowed from the base to the acuminate tip, terete but deeply • 
channelled above, green mottled with brown, young subu- 
late. Peduncle six to eight inches long, rather slender, 
and as well as the rachis of the raceme yellow-green with 
short red streaks. Raceme eight inches long, pendulous, 

Apeic 1st, 1890. 

ten- to fifteen-flowered ; bracts very small ; pedicel with 
ovary an inch long ; flowers two inches in diameter, pure 
white except the lip, the side lobes of which are yellowish 
speckled with, red, and the midlobe rose-coloured with 
darker longitudinal veins. Dorsal sepal obovate-spathu- 
late, obtuse;' lateral very much larger, more oblong, 
strongly falcate, obtuse, decurved. Petals like the dorsal 
sepal, but rather larger. Lip smaller than the lateral 
sepals, slightly recurved ; side lobes like small horns, acute, 
recurved ; midlobe orbicular, notched at the apex, lamellate 
at the base ; margins erosely fringed ; spur as long as the 
midlobe, narrow, slightly curved, obtuse. Column very 
short, white; anther beaked ; pollinia two, obovoid ; strap 
thrice as long as the pollinia, dilated upwards ; gland rather 
small.— J. D.H. 

Fig. 1, Column and portion of lip showing the side lobes, lamellate base of 
the midlobe and base of the spur ; 2, column with anther ; 3 and 4, pollinia 
with strap and gland -.—all enlarged. 

M.S del, XN.Ftttih.lith. 

Tab. 7113. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliacm.— Tribe Asphodele*. 
Genus Ebemurus, M. B.; {Benth. et Eooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 787.) 

Eremueus aurantiaeus ; rhizomate ovoideo, fibris radicalibns oylindricia c;>r- 
nosis, foliis pluribus linearibua glabris sordide viridibus facie canaliculars 
dorso acute carinatis, pedunculo stricto tereti, racemo denso cylindrico, 
pedicellis strictis tenuibus apice articulatis, bracteis lineari-subulatis, 
penanthio citrino segmentis viridi carinatis exterioribus oblongis inte- 
rioribus obovatis, filamentis filiformibus periantbio duplo longioribus 
antberis parvia oblongia luteis, fructu globoao, aeminibn3 in loculo 
2-3 triquetris sordide bruuneia anguste alatia. 

E. aurantiaeus, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xv. p. 285; vol. xviii. p. 102; 
Kegel Descr. Nov. PI. fasc. ix. p. 34; Gartenfl. 1884, p. 289, fig. 11(38 b-b. 

E. Bungei, var. stenophyllua, Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. v. p. 324. 

This fine Asphodel was first described as a form of I!. 
Bungei from imperfect specimens gathered by Griffith in 
Afghanistan in 1 840. It was re-found in abundance by Dr. 
Aitchison in 1879 during the Kurrum Valley expedition. 
He reported that it grew abundantly at an elevation of 
7000 to 9000 feet above sea-level, and that the young 
leaves were extensively used as a cooked vegetable. Pro- 
bably this is the plant that was written about in the news- 
papers as a gigantic asparagus. He gathered it again in 
plenty in 1875, when attached as naturalist to the Afghan- 
istan Delimitation Commission, and we have also received 
it from Cabul, from Colonel Collett, from Gilgit, from Dr. 
Giles, and from Bokhara and Turkestan from Dr. Albert 
Kegel. The Persian E. Bungei, Baker, figured Gartenflora, 
tab. 1168, fig. a, is not distinguishable from aurantiaeus 
in dried specimens, but when alive has less acutely-keeled 
leaves, root-fibres tapering upwards, orange-yellow flowers 
and red-yellow anthers. Our drawing was made from a 
plant that flowered in the open border in Kew Gardens in 
July, 1886. 

Descr. RootstocJc ovoid, surrounded by membranous 
ovate scale-leaves, white veined with brown, and outer 

May 1st 1890. 

tunics slit up into fine fibres ; roots many, long, cylindrical, 
fleshy. Leaves very numerous, all radical, linear, dull green, 
glabrous, a foot and a half long, very narrow in the wild 
plant, but reaching a width of half an inch or more at the 
middle when cultivated, channelled down the face, acutely 
keeled. Peduncle terete, stiffly erect, rather longer than 
the leaves. Raceme dense, cylindrical, sometimes a foot or 
more long; pedicels slender, articulated at the apex, 
spreading or rather ascending, finally an inch or more long ; 
bracts linear- subulate. Perianth lemon-yellow ; segments 
permanently connivent at the base, faintly keeled with green ; 
outer oblong, inner obovate. Stamens twice as long as 
the perianth ; filaments filiform ; anthers small, oblong, 
yellow. Ovary globose ; style longer than the filaments. 
Capsule globose, a third of an inch in diameter. Seeds 
triquetrous, dull brown, narrowly winged, two or three in 
a cell. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Whole plant, reduced in size; 2, leaves ; 3, raceme, life-size ; 4, outer 
segment of the perianth ; 5, inner segment of the perianth ; 6, front view of 
stamen ; 7, back view of stamen ; 8, pistil, all enlarged ; 9, fruit, natural size; 
10, fruit, enlarged ; 11, seed, enlarged. 


Tab. 7114. 
abies eeach1thylla. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Conifek.e.— Tribe ABiETiNEiE. 
Genus Abies, Juss.; {Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. Hi. p. 441.) 

Abies bracJiyphyUa ; arbor excelsa, ramulis glabris, foliis f-1 poll, longis 
linearibus obtusis v. subemarginatis subtus glaucis demum concoloribus, 
costa supra depressa subtus prominula, <. , analibusresiniferis2inter costam 
marginesque mediis, amentis masculis cylindraceis obtusis, bracteis apice 
recurvis calcariformibus, antheris subglobosis, amentis foem. maturis 
3-4 poll, longis cylindraceis obtusis, bracteis obovato-oblongis truncatis 
denticulatis, squamis borizontalibus bracteas Ionge superantibus transverse 
oblongis denticulatis basi cuneatis, seminis ala oblique cuneata truncata. 

A. (Picea) brachyphylla, Maximov. Mel. Biol. vol. vi. p. 23 ; Masters in Oard. 
Chron. 1879, vol. ii. p. 556, fig. 19, and 1885, vol. ii. p. 151, fig. 30; in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xviii. p. 515, fig. 14; Franch. et Sav. Enum. Fl. Jap. 
vol. i. p. 437. 

? A. pinnosa, Hort. Veitch. 
A. Veitcbii, Hort, (ex part.). 
Picea brachyphylla, Gord. Pinet. Ed. 2, p. 201. 
Pinus brachyphylla, Parlat. in DC. Prodr. vol. xvi. pars 2, p. 424. 
P. firma, McNab in Proc. Royal Msh Acad. 1876, p. 686 (non Ab. firma, Sieb. 
et Zucc). 

A native of the mountains of Japan at elevations of 
5-6000 feet, first described by Maximovicz in 18GG, though 
previously distributed under the name it bears by that 
botanist. Its distribution is a wide one, extending to 
Saohalien in the north, to Jesso andNipon in the south; in 
which latter place it inhabits the flanks of Fusigama. It 
was introduced by Mr. Maries when collecting for Messrs. 
Veitch in the year 1870, and has proved to be perfectly 
hardy, having stood the winters of Denmark. According 
to Dr. Masters, who has kindly provisionally certified the 
drawing, it is doubtful whether A. brachyphylla is distinct 
from A. homolems of Siebold and Zuccanm, an imper- 
fectly described species which has acute leaves, and from 
A. Harry ana, McNab ; and it is certainly one of the plants 
cultivated under the name of A. Veitchit, Lindley, and / . 
pinnosa, Hort. Veitch. In its young state it exactly accords 

May 1st, 1890. 

with P. firma, Sieb. and Zucc, and its habit when full 
grown, according to Mr. Maries, is that of P. bifida, 
Sieb. and Zucc. No one but a botanist traversing the 
Islands of Japan with an eye especially directed to its 
Silver Firs can determine whether species or varieties or 
synonyms are represented under the above names ; and a 
reference to the remarks made as to its European and 
Western Asiatic congeners under tab. 6992 (Abies Nord- 
manniand) shows that the difficulty of limiting the species 
of this genus is not confined to its Eastern Asiatic 

The specimen figured was taken from a young plant 
eight feet high, growing on the mound near the Water-lily 
House in the Royal Gardens, in 1887, since which the tree 
has not coned. 

Descr. A tree fifty or sixty feet high, with spreading 
branches ; bark rough, whitish. Leaves crowded, sessile, 
obscurely distichous, spreading and up-curved, one-half 
to one inch long, linear-oblong, obtuse, tip rounded or 
notched; young glaucous beneath; midrib depressed 
above, prominent beneath, margins subrecurved, resin- 
canals midway between the margin and midrib. Male 
catkins three-quarters of an inch long, cylindric, obtuse ; 
anthers subglobose ; bracts obtuse or bifid. Gone three to 
four inches long, cylindric, obtuse at both ends; bracts 
obovate denticulate, much shorter than the transversely 
oblong denticulate scales. Seed with the obliquely wedge- 
shaped wing nearly as long as the scale.—/. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Front and back view of leaves ; 3, scale and bracts; 4, seeds 
rilelttr'ed transverse section of leaf, showing the resin-canal* :— 


L Reeve &C°Lo_ruion. 

Tab. 7115. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Passiflokace^;. — Tribe PASSiFLOREiE. 
Genus Pashii'lora, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 810.) 

Passiflora (Grenadilla) Miersii; glaberrima, gracilis, foliis breviter petiolatis 
integris oblongo-lauceolatis ovatisve subpeltatis obtusis apiculatisve, aubtus 
subsanguineis nervis viridibus reticulatis marginibus cartilagineis, petiolo 
glanduloso, stipulis foliaceis petiolum subaequantibus oblongis basi acutis 
mucronatisve paucidentatis convexis, bracteis minutis rariua foliaceis, 
floribus solitariis axillaribus, pedunculo petiolo duplo longiore apicem 
versus articulato, bracteis parvis v. majusculis linearibus, floribas stellato- 
campanulatis, calycis tubo brevi ventricoso lobis oblongis obtusis, petalis 
lineari-oblongis acutis undulatis albis, corona 4-5-seriata, filis albis 
purpureo-fasciatis, externis petalis \ brevioribns, interioribus brevibus 
erectia apicibus capitellatis 2-3-fidisve, intimis in tubum basi connatis, 
columna petalis multo breviore ovarioque glabris, filamentis antheria 
paullo brevioribus. 

P. Miersii, Masters in Mart. Fl. Bras. vol. xiii. pars 1, p. 599, t. 117, fig. 1; 
in Gard. C/iron. 1888, vol. ii. p. 352, fig. 46. 

A very graceful species of Passion-flower, discovered by 
Burchell in the Minas Greraes province of Brazil, but found 
also in that of Rio de Janeiro, where the late Mr. Miers, 
whose name it bears, collected it in the Organ Mountains. 
It belongs to the section Grenadilla, and its nearest ally 
that is figured in this work is probably P. amabilis (Tab. 
4406). The Royal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Masters', 
F.R.S., for the plant from which the drawing was taken. 
It was received in 1888, and grew with great rapidity in the 
Water-lily House, flowering in profusion in the month of 

Desce. A very slender graceful glabrous climber; 
branches as thick as a sparrow's quill, terete, smooth. 
Leaves two to three inches, long-petioled, from ovate or 
elliptic-ovate to oblong-lanceolate obtuse or apiculate, 
the broad subpeltate base rounded, quite entire, bright 
green above, beneath purplish red and reticulated with 
green veins ; petiole one-third to half an inch long, slender, 

May 1st, 1890. 

sparsely glandular ; stipules two, as long as the petioles, 
foliaceons, very convex, base rounded, apex apiculate or 
acuminate. Tendrils very slender. Flowers solitary, two 
inches in diameter ; stellately spreading ; peduncle slender, 
longer than the petiole. Calyx green, tube depressed- 
spherical, base intruded; lobes linear-oblong, with a 
setaceous spinule beneath the rounded apex. Petals as 
long as the sepals, linear, subacute, white,- undulate. 
Corona of three to four series of threads, that are white 
banded with violet ; outer series one-third shorter than the 
petals, subacute ; inner short, erect, tips clubbed simple or 
two- to three-fid, dark violet; innermost combined below 
into a membranous tube. Column about twice as long as 
the inner corona, speckled with purple, as are the filaments, 
which are equal in length to the linear-oblong anthers. 
Styles longer than the filaments, stigmas globose. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Section of calyx and corona ; 2, threads of inner corona; 3, portion 
ot tube and threads of innermost corona : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 7116. 

BERBERIS virescexYS. 

Native of the Sikhim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Bebbebide.e. — Tribe Beebeee.e. 
Genus Beebebis, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 43.) 

Beebebis virescens; frutex ramosus, ramis divaricatis teretibus v. subsulcatia, 
cortice brunneo nitido, foliis parvis obovati3 obtusis apiculatisve enerviia 
mtegerrimis v. distanter spinuloso-deutatis, subtns pallidis vix glauces- 
centibus, aculeis tripartita gracilibus, floribus parvis fasciculatis v. in 
racemos paucifloros subsessiles dispositis sulphureis v. pallide viridibua, 
sepahsovatis, petalis spathulatis, baccis gracile pedicellatis parvis lineari- 
oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve leviter compressis coccineis monospermis, 
stigmate parvo disciformi subsessili. 

Berberis sp., Hook.f. et Thorns. Flor. Ind. 229 ; and Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 112 ; 
sp. 2 ad calcem generis. 

? B. Belstaniana, Sort. 

It is with great hesitation that I propose as a new- 
species a Himalayan Barbery, especially considering the 
number and great variability of those already known, and 
the difficulty of discriminating and defining their forms. 
There is, however, this to be said for B. virescens, that I 
recognized it when travelling in Sikkim in 1849 as very 
different from any. I had collected in that region ; and 
when describing the genus for the Indian Flora, I refrained 
from naming it in the absence of fruit, and merely men- 
tioned it at the end of the genus. No doubt I sent seeds 
of it to Kew, for I find a note attached to the native spe- 
cimens in the Herbarium, to the effect that it flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in July, 1855. Unfortunately no 
specimens of the latter were preserved, and it was not till 
quite lately (in 1887) that the species reappeared, when 
specimens were sent to be named by Thomas Acton^ Esq., 
of Kilmacurragh, Rathdrum, Ireland, since which it has 
been received by Sir Charles Strickland, Bart., of Hil- 
denley, Maldon, which w^ere from plants raised (as were Mr. 
Acton's) from seeds sent from Sikkim by Mr. Elwes ; and 
also from the Gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society at 
Chiswick, the latter with a note that w^asps eat the flowers. 
As a species B. virescens is perhaps most nearly allied 
to B. aristata, and in the small leaves to the varieties 
cratcegina and cretica of B. vulgaris, which are also na- 
tives of the Himalaya, And indeed there are in the 
May 1st, 1890. 

Kew Herbarium specimens considered by Dr. Thomson and 
myself as forms of the latter plant, from Sikkim and other 
parts of the Himalaya, which I am now disposed to think 
should be referred to B. virescens. From the normal 
forms of B. aristata it differs in the small leaves, fascicled 
or very shortly corymbose flowers, their small size, pale 
yellow or greenish colour, and in the small narrow loug- 
pedicelled fruits which have a tendency to be narrowed 
upwards, as also in the solitary seed. Mr. Nicholson, who 
has aided me in the examination of B. virescens, has drawn 
my attention to a Berbery cultivated at Kew and elsewhere 
in England and on the Continent, which has similarly 
small pale flowers, but rather larger spinulose-toothed 
leaves more strongly nerved, and larger red or black 
berries with one much larger seed. I made no note of the 
colour of the flower when I gathered the plant in Sikkim, 
but as I was then on the march, and this was during the 
rainy season, when I lost a large proportion of my collec- 
tions from inability to get them preserved speedily, I may 
well have overlooked this important point. The exact 
habitat of my specimens is the Lachen Valley, at an eleva- 
tion of 9000 feet above the sea, and the date May 28, 
1849. Other specimens are from Bbotan, collected by 
Griffith, and there is a similar plant from the N.W. 
Himalaya. Mr. Acton's flowering specimens were received 
on June 14, 1887, and again on May 24, 1888, his fruiting 
ones on October 19 ; and from these the figures in this 
Magazine are taken. 

Descr. A shrub with spreading strict divaricating 
branches; branchlets terete or slightly grooved; bark brown, 
shining. Leaves two-thirds to one and a quarter inches 
long, tufted, obovate, tip rounded or apiculate, quite entire 
on the larger spinulose-toothed; pale green above, paler 
subglaucous beneath ; nerves very inconspicuous except in 
older leaves.^ Thorns tripartite, very slender. Flowers 
small, one-third of an inch in diameter, in fascicles or very 
short racemes, sulphurous or greenish yellow. Sepals 
ovate. Petals spathulately obovate. Berry half an inch 
long, narrowly oblong, or narrowed upwards, compressed, 
scarlet or black, one-seeded ; stigma small, disciform, sub- 
sessile. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, petal; '3, stamen; 4, ovary : — all enlarged. 



■\5iu»ntBrooks,Day & Sonjii 

L Reeve 

Tab. 7117. 
PRIMULINA sinensis. 

Native of China. 

Nat. Ord. GtEsneeace^:. — Tribe Cyrtandue-E. 
Genua Primulina, Ranee in Brit. Journ. Bot. xxi. (1883) 169. 

Pbimulina Tabacum, Ranee I.e.; Clarke in DC. Monogr. Phanerog. vol. i. 
p. 288 (nomen); Hemsley in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. vol. xxvi. p. 229; 
Dewar in Gard. Chron. 1889, vol. ii. p. 357, f. 52. 

With the habit and foliage in most respects of a Pri- 
mula, this singular plant possesses all the botanical 
characters of the family of Gesneracece, and, as Mr. Clarke 
has pointed out to me, its nearest allies are Klugia, Loxonia, 
and Bhynchostylis — from all which it differs in the salver- 
shaped corolla with nearly equal lobes. In Dr. Hance's 
description of the genus, the disk is said to be absent ; 
but it is really very highly developed as two large cuneately 
quadrate fleshy bodies at the base of the ovary. Mr. 
Hance describes Primulina as very delicate and difficult to 
rear in cultivation, and says of it that it is so wonderfully 
like a Primula even when in blossom, that it was only dis- 
section which showed him that it was a Gesneracea. Mr. 
Henry, who communicated it to him, informed him that when 
alive the glandular pubescence exhales a powerful odour of 
tobacco, which it communicates to the hands of any one . 
touching it, and that it is universally known to the natives 
by the name of Shefcin, that is, Rock Tobacco. 

The figure here gjven is taken from a plant that flowered 
in the Royal Gardens, aided by Herbarium specimens com- 
municated by Mr. Ford, and was raised from seed received 
from the Hong Kong Botanical Garden in 1887. It 
flowered in July, 1889, but did not seed. It is a native of 
Kwang Lung, Tali, on the Lienchau river, 270 miles from 

Desoe. A low glandular-pubescent herb ; rootstock very 
short, emitting thick fibrous roots. Leaves all radical, 
crowded on the rootstock, petioled, rather fleshy, orbicular 
May 1st, 1890. 

in outline, two to five inches in diameter, obtuse, base 
cordate, margins 6btusely tabulate, strongly waved and 
incurved when young, pale green, pilose above, glandular 
beneath, pehninerved, nerves few impressed ; petiole one 
to three inches long, stout, broadly winged, wing waved. 
Scapes equalling or shorter than the leaves, many-flowered, 
glandular-hairy ; flowers in umbelliform incurved cymes,' 
subsecund when young, shortly pedicelled; involucral bracts 
two, half an inch long, linear-oblong, obtuse, spreading. 
Calyx one-third of an inch long, narrow, tubulose, terete, 
glandular-hirsute, with brown hairs, subequally five-partite,' 
segments lanceolate, erect. Bisk of two free cuneately 
quadrate fleshy segments. Corolla salver- shaped, glandular- 
pubescent or tomentose without and within; tube longer 
than the calyx ; limb one-half to three-fourths of an inch 
broad, unequally five-lobed; lobes spreading, obovate-oblong 
obtuse, obscurely crenate, ciliate, white with very broad violet- 
purple borders, and a broad purple median band. Stamens 
two, inserted at the base of the corolla-tube, filaments very 
short ; anthers approximate but free, cells divaricate and 
superposed. Ovary free, pubescent, oblong, two-celled ; 
style short, stigma bilamellate ; ovules very many, on two 
parietal placentas. Capsule oblong, included, loculicidallv 
two-valved, the valves thin, bifid. Seeds very numerous 
and minute, oblong.— J. B. E. 

J&ISmS&J ditt0 of corolla; 3 ' * tamens ; 4 > tr£ ™ 


VmcentBrodksJky & SonLith. 

L. Reeve &.C? London. 

Tab. 7118. 
CARLUDOVICA Caput Medusa. 

Native country doubtful. 

Nat. Ord. Cyclanthace.e. — Tribe Cabludovice.e. 
Genus Cabludovica, Ruiz Sf Pav. ; { Rook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 953.) 

Cabludovica Caput Medusa; acaulis, foliorum lamina 3-4 pedali petiolo 
aequilonga cuneato-flabelliformi creberrime plicata ad medium bisecta, 
segmentis 3-5-fidis apices versus multifidis, laciniis ultimis pollicaribus 
maequilongis recurvis acutis, nervo composite- basilari intramarginale, 
petiolo dorso rotundato, facie planiusculo medio anguste canaliculato, 
lateribu.s rotundatis, basi in vaginam brevem dilatato, spadice breviter 
pedunculato majuscule- globoso staminodiis inclusis 3 poll. diam. vaginato, 
spathis inferioribus 5-6-pollicaribus cj'mbiformi-lanceolatis superioribus 
brevioribus oblongis spadicem aaquantibus ; fl. masc. stipitatis, periaDtln'i 
cupularis foliolis numerosis oblongis obtusis sub 2-seriatim imbricatis, 
staminibus perplurimis, filamentis infra medium dilatatis dein subulatis, 
antheris oblongis, fl. fosm., perianthio 4-dentato, dentibus triangularibus, 
staminodiis pollicaribus albis, ovarii tubo brevi periantbio adnato, ovario 
truncato 4-lobo. 

Having failed to refer this fine Carludovica to nny de- 
scribed species of the genus, I sent the drawing of it to 
my friend Professor Drude of Dresden, the learned expo- 
sitor of the Brazilian species of the genus in Martin's Flora 
of Brazil. He informs me that to the best of his belief 
it is unknown to him, and that if not C. schizophylla of tlie 
Flora Brasiliensis, of which he had seen only bad spe- 
cimens, it is no doubt undescribed, and should be placed 
near to that species. Referring to the description of 
C. schizophylla, I find that it has a turbinately cylindrir 
lax-fld. spadix, whereas that of C. Caput Medusa' is globose 
and dense-fld. 

In some respects it resembles the Peruvian C. latifolia, 
figured in this Magazine (Plate 2950, 2951) as Ludoria lati- 
folia, but in that plant the petiole is very much shorter 
than the blade of the leaf, and the compound nerve is 
towards the middle of each leaf segment, whereas in C. 
Caput Medusce it is intramarginal. In both the blade of 
the older leaves becomes fissured towards the base in 
a very irregular manner, showing a tendency to split into 
June 1st, 1890. 

many narrowly cuneate laciniaa. Unfortunately the native 
country of G. Capu Medusa is unknown, and there is no 
record at Kew of its receipt. Two specimens have been in 
cultivation for many years under the unpublished name of 
G. acaulis, which occurs in an MS. list of the species in 
cultivation at Kew drawn up nearly twenty years ao-o. 

Of the genus Carludovica upwards of forty species are 
described, all tropical American. Fourteen are now in 
cultivation at Kew, of which only three are figured in this 
work,— the present, G. latifolia, mentioned above, and C. 
ensiformis, Hook, f., t. 6418. No doubt many more are 
m cultivation in continental gardens, and indeed there is 
one very curious species in England, a native of the United 
btates of Columbia, which is still a desideratum at Kew, 
namely G. Drudei, Masters in the " Gardeners' Chronicle " 
(1877, 11. 715, fig. 136, and 1879, ii. 278, f. 46). As it is 
almost impossible to name the Garludovicce from descrip- 
tions alone, it is to be hoped that some of the other species 
may soon flower, and I hope be secured for figuring in this 
work. ° 

G. Caput Medusa flowered in the Palm House at Kew, 
where it was planted in the ground in December, 1887, it 
is believed for the first time ; it forms a dark-green stem- 
ess plant with the blade of the leaves three to four feet 
long, and the petiole of about the same length.—/. D. H. 

twoihfrd! 18 a SX lT? 0le i Pla ^ g u eat1 / redaCed > a y° un S leaf reduced h J 
17 petSle '£ mtt fl Pedu ™ le ' ^/heaths of the natural size ; fig. 1, section 

•J^'J^Z^j^**"™* 6 > fem " fl °™< ^transverse 


M S.delJKFztch.litK 

"Vincent Br 

L Raeve &C°Lc: 

Tab. 7119. 
ROSA mojjTiploea. 

Native of Japan and China. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Tribe Rosens. 
Genus Rosa, Linn.; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 625.) 

Rosa (Systileae) multijlora ; frutex alte scandens, surcnlis gracillimis 
elongatis, aculeis tenuibus sparsis lente curvis, ramulis foliis subtus 
pedunculis calycibusque tomentosis v. pubescentibus sparsimglandulosis, 
foliolis 5-7 ovatis ovato- v. elliptico-lanceolati3 obtusis acutis v. acu- 
minatis basi rotundatis v. cuneatis, stipulis pectinatis, floribus corymbo30- 
paniculatis parvis albis v. roseis, sepalis fructu decidais brevibus integris 
ovatis lanceolatisve setaceo-acuminatis, ovariis villosis, sty lis gracilibus 
longe exsertis in columnam cohserentibus, fructibus longe pedicellatia 
parvis ellipsoideis vertice annulato, acheniis paucis obtuse angulatis laxe 

R. multiflora, Thunh. Fl. Jap. p. 214; Willd. Sp. PL vol. ii. p. 1077; DC. 
Prodr. vol. ii. p. 598 ; Miquel Prolus. Fl. Jap. p. 277 ; Franch. $( Savat. 
Enum. PI. Jap. vol. i. p. 134; Crepin in Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. vol. xiii. 
p. 250, and vol. xviii. p. 278, 279 ; Deutsche Gartenzeit. 1886, p. 101 ; 
Franchet in Mem. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherb. xxiv. 216 ; Helmsl. in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. vol. xxiii. p. 253. 

Yak. flore pleno, Bot. Mag. t. 1059 ; Bot. Beg. t. 425, and t. 1372 (var platy- 
phylla) ; Limit. Bos. Monogr. t. 119 ; S'avi Fl. Ital. vol. i. t. 20 ; Andrews 
Bosar. t. 83 ; Rerbier de I 'Amateur, vol. i. t. 67 ; JSouveau Duhamel 
vol vii p 28, t. 17, and Redoute Bos. t. 91, 92 ; Ait. Rort. Few Ed 2, 
vol. iii. p. 263 ; Brandi* For. Flor. p. 201; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. n. 
p. 364. 

R polyantha, Sieb. $ Znccarini, Fam. Nat. Plant Jap. pars i. p. 20 ; Car- 
rierein Rev. Sortie. 1876, p. 253, figs. 49-53; Gar A. Chron. 1876, vol. n. 
p. 137, fig. 32 ; Girdlestone I. c. 1887, vol. ii. p. 659, fig. 127. 

R. intermedia, Carriere in Rev. Hortic. 1868, p 269, 270, fig. 29, 30; Crepin 
in Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. vol. viii. (1869) p. 344. 

R. diffusa, Roxb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 515. 

R. Thoryi, Tratt. Ros. p. 85 (ex DC. Prodr.) (var. platyphylla). 

R. Wichurffi, K. Koch Wochenschr. vol. xii. (1869) p. 203. 

R. florida, Poiret Encycl. Suppl. Rosa, No. 62. 

R. Grevillei & B. Roxburghiana, Sweet Rort. Brit. Ed. i. 138. 

R. simplex, Rort. 

The interest which attaches to this small-flowered rose 
arises from the fact, that though known ,n attmtam 
throughout Europe, and in India, Ohma, and many other 
countries in its double-flowered state, smce the begranrag 

June 1st, 1890. 

of the century, it is within the last fifteen years only that 
it has been seen living in its natural (single-flowered) con- 
dition. In this respect its history is that of the Lady 
Bank's Rose, which was introduced at about the same time 
also in its double state, and of which the wild state has 
only very recently been cultivated. Of this, too, I hope 
shortly to give a figure in this work. 

R. midtiflora is a native of Japan, Corea, and Northern 
China, from all which countries there are copious suites of 
native specimens in the Kew Herbarium from many col- 
lectors. According to M. Maries, it is found in Japan at 
all elevations between two thousand and seven thousand 
feet. In Franchet and Savat's Enumeration of Japan Plants 
five varieties are enumerated, respectively called genuina, 
platyphylla, microphylla, adenophora, and calva, but it is 
not stated whether these are indigenous or garden forms. 
That known as var. platyphylla has long been known in 
England, and is a most beautiful rose, with large leaves, 
and flowers twice the size of the ordinary midtiflora, vary- 
ing from pale rose to deep rich crimson. Lindley, who 
gives an excellent figure of it (Bot. Reg. t. 1372), calls it 
the most beautiful of all the climbing roses of our gardens, 
but adds that the young shoots are apt to be destroyed by 
frosts if not matted in winter. Under this variety he 
cites as a synonym R. flava of Donn's Hortus Canta- 
bridgensis, Ed. iv., but as Donn states that his plant of 
that name is yellow, it is more probably R. Banlcsice. 

According to the Hortus Keweusis,R. midtiflora (the double 
form) was brought to Kew about 1804 by Thomas Evans, 
Esq., and the very appropriate name of " Bramble-flowered 
Rose was given to it. That of " The Seven Sisters " is, 
according to Lindley, the Chinese name of the var. platy- 
phylla. The single-flowered midtiflora was first published 
as a cultivated plant in the « Revue Horticole " for 1876 
under the name of R. polyantha ; and the specimens were 
unknown ^ miTSGTJi their ori g in bein 2 Presumably 

For a detailed account of the species and its synonyms 
and affinities, I must refer to M, Crepin's critical observa- 
tions cited above, which leave nothing to be desired. 
Botanists cannot be too grateful to that author's admirable 
labours in this most difficult genus. Our figure of flower 

and fruit was taken from specimens communicated by 
Th. Girdlestone, Esq., of Sunningdale, a very accom- 
plished cultivator and student of Roses ; the plant itself 
formed a magnificent object in his garden, covering an 
area of eighteen by thirteen feet, on a sheltered wall, 
clothed with snow-white fragrant flowers in June, and 
fruiting in July. A view of the plant is given in the 
"Gardeners' Chronicle" (1887, vol. ii., opposite p. 659). 
Mr. Nicholson informs me that it is used as a stock on 
which to work hybrid, perpetual, and other roses. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section through young fruit ; 2, carpel ; 3, seed : — all 

-LReeve&C : 

VuicerttBrooi<s,Day \ San. Lvth 

Tad. 7120. 


Native of the Eastern Himalayas and, Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamineje. — Tribe Zingibeke^;. 
Genus Hemiorchis, Karz ; (Benth. et Sook.f. Gen. PL vol.iii. p. 641.) 

Hemiorchis burmanica; rhizomate crasso tuberoso, caule foliifero post 
antnesiD producto, folns oblongis acutis in petiolum angustatis, floribns 
dense spicatis, pedunculo folds bracteiformibns imbricatis oecnlto, bracteis 
parvis caducis, calycis segmentis ovatia tubo longioribua, corollje segmentia 
laterahbus oblongis centrali ovato, staminodiis lateralibus obovatis, 
labello orbiculari. 

H. burmanica, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vol. xlii. p. 108, tab. 8. 

For more than half a century Zingiberece have been little 
cultivated in Europe, and they are so difficult to study 
from dried specimens that our knowledge of the sub-order 
is now very little advanced beyond what it was in the days 
of Roscoe and Roxburgh. The curious plant here figured 
represents a genus of which at present only a single 
species is known. It was first described by Kurz in 1873, 
but there is a specimen in the Kew Herbarium which was 
gathered long before this, by Mr. Thos. Lobb, when he 
was collecting for Messrs. Veitch. For its introduction in 
a living state we are indebted to Mr. Gustav Mann, who 
sent it to Kew from Khasia in 1889. Our drawing is made 
from a plant that flowered at Kew last year. 

Desce. Rootstoch cylindrical, tuberous, -white, naked. 
Leaves three to six, produced on a short special stem ; blade 
oblong, acute, membranous, plain green, very pale beneath, 
narrowed gradually into the channelled sheathing petiole. 
Flowers produced before the leaves in a short dense spike ; 
peduncle hidden by the imbricated membranous bract- 
leaves ; bracts small, deciduous. Calyx reddish-brown ; 
segments ovate, longer than the campanulate tube. Corolla- 
tube shorter than the calyx ; lateral segments oblong, 
upper ovate. Lateral staminodia obovate, yellowish- white, 
about as long as the corolla-segments; labellum orbicular, 

June 1st, 1890. 

yellowish-white, minutely spotted with red-brown, with a 
raised vertical keel down the face ; filament short ; anther- 
cells diverging at the top. Ovary pubescent ; style subu- 
late ; stigma turbinate, ciliated round the apical foveole. 
Capsule globose, longitudinally ribbed, crowned by the 
persistent calyx. Seeds conical, with a small white basal 
arillus. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Flower with all but labellum and calyx cnt away ; 2, anther ; 3, 
ovary and stylodia ; 4, style and stigma : — all enlarged. 


T&ncentBrooTs^ay K 


Tab. 7121. 

TILLANDSIA (Vbiesea) amethystina. 
Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Orel. Bkomeliace^:. — Tribe Tillandsiea:. 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 669.) 

Tillandsia (Vriesea) ameihystina ; acauli3, foliis 20-30 dense rosulatis lan- 
ceolatis tenuibus flexilibus arcuatis viridibus brunneoj tinctis tenuiter 
lepidotis, pedunculo gracili erecto foliis leviter eminente, lloribus 8-12 in 
spicam laxissimam erectam dispositis, bracteis ovatis flavo-viridibus calyce 
brevioribus/sepalis lineari-oblongis citrinis, petalis lingulatis citrinia calyce 
multo longioribus basi intus squamatis, genitalibus breviter exsertis. 

T. ametbystina, Baker in Journ. Bot. 1888, p. 104; Handb. Bromel. p. 218. 

Vriesea ametbystina, E. Morren in Belg. Sort. 1884, p. 330, t. 15, 16. 

This is one of the many fine Tillandsias of the section 
Vriesea. which have been discovered lately in the southern 
and central provinces of Brazil, and introduced into cul- 
tivation in Europe, mainly through the instrumentality of 
our indefatigable correspondent, Dr. Grlaziou, of Rio Janeiro. 
The present species, from its comparatively small size, is 
more manageable in a conservatory than several of its 
neighbours, and is conspicuous by its bright yellow flowers, 
which last for a considerable time. Our drawing was 
made from a plant that flowered at Kew in Oct. 1889, 
which was purchased from the collection of the late Pro- 
fessor Edward Morren soon after his death in 1886. The 
leaves are very ornamental. 

Descr. Acaulescent. Leaves twenty or thirty, densely 
rosulate, lanceolate from a dilated clasping base, a foot or 
a foot and a half long, not more than an inch broad at the 
middle, arcuate, flexible, obscurely lepidote, green more or 
less tinged with brown-purple, especially on the back. 
Peduncle slender, erect, a little longer than the leaves. 
Inflorescence a lax erect spike six or eight inches long ; 
flowers eight to twelve, sessile, erecto-patent ; bracts ovate, 
yellowish-green, about an inch long. Calyx pale yellow, 
an- inch and a half long; sepals linear oblong. Petals lin- 
June 1st, 1890. 

gulate, bright lemon-yellow, an inch longer than the calyx, 
spreading only at the tip, furnished inside near the base 
with a pair of distinct scales at the insertion of the inner 
row of stamens. Stamens a little longer than the petals; 
filaments filiform ; anthers linear. Ovary ampullasform ; 
style long, erect, subulate ; stigmas short, not spirally 
twisted. — J. G. Baker. 

alflnlar^d U] ' aeea ^ in8lde 5 2 ' pistil ; 3 - a P ex of style with stigmas 

gulate, bright lemon-yellow, an incli longer than the calyx, 
spreading only at the tip, furnished inside near the base 
with a pair of distinct scales at the insertion of the inner 
row of stamens. Stamens a little longer than the petals; 
filaments filiform ; anthers linear. Ovary ampullseform ; 
style long, erect, subulate ; stigmas short, not spirally 
twisted. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Petal, seen from inside; 2, pistil; 3, apex of style with stigmas :— 
all enlarged. 


Tab. 7122. 
ALLAMANDA violacea. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Orel. ApocyNaceje. — Tribe CARISSI.S. 
Genus Allamanda, Linn. ; (Bentk. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. 690.) 

AllamaKDA violacea; frutex erectus v. subscandens.ramis pubesceuti-tomen- 
tosis, foliis 3-5-nis verticillatis sessiltbus obloagis obovato-oblongisve 
cuspidato-acuminatis supra puberulis subtus tomentosis, nervis subtus 
divergentibus, floribns axillaribus et in cymas tomentosas paucifloras 
dispositis, calycis segmentis exterioribus oblongis lutenoribus lanceolate 
acumiuatis pubescentibus, corolla roseo-v. coeruleo-purpurea ampla. 

A violacea, Gardn. in Field. Sert. Plant, t. 41 ; J. Mueller in Mart. Fl. Bra,. 
vol', vi. pars i. p. 15 ; The Garden, 1890, p. 224, t. 743. 

A. Blancnetii, A. DC. Prodr. vol. viii. p. 319 ; /. Mueller I.e. p. 11. 

Notwithstanding; some differences, I am disposed to 
regard the plant here figured as belonging to the species 
named above, which is but indifferently figured in Field- 
ing's Sertum from specimens collected by Gardner in 
Brazil The calyx- segments are represented in that work 
as linear-lanceolate, and equal, whereas in the original 
specimens of Gardner in the Kew Herbarium, the outer are 
much larger and broader than the lanceolate interior, as 
indeed is usual in the genus The leaves in Gardner ■ 
Ceara specimens are all in whorls of about five (never 
more) but in those from Piauhy the upper are opposite. 
In the Kew plant they are opposite, but whorled in young 
shoots. Lastly, the flowers, which are Ascribed by Gardner 
as of a rich violet («■ not unlike (Maxima speewsa .), .*em 
his specimens from Crato said to be of a beautiful purple. 
The P T7lamhetu of Alph. De Candolle from the Sierra 
Jacobina in the province of Bahia, appears to be a stunted 
form, with closefy set recurved leaves one andaMhngj. 
long and a smaller flower; the specimens of it in the Kew 
Herbarium from Blanchet are very indifferent Those of 
Morio"id from the same locality are larger and better 

It may be a question whether the name of manchetnor 
,J/Lr y should q be retained foi -this species bo h having 
been published in the same year, 184o. 1 have selected 

June 1st, 1890. 

Gardner's, as having been given to specimens collected, 
described, and figured by himself. He states that the plant 
is called Quatra Patacas in Brazil, and that its powerfully 
cathartic root is extensively employed in malignant 

Mr. Watson informs me that A. viulacea was in cultiva- 
tion in England thirty years ago, but was soon afterwards 
lost ; it is the first purple-flowered species known to 
gardens. All those figured previously in this work are 
yellow. Of these A. Schottii, t. 4351 ; "A. Aubletii, t. 4411 ; 
A. nobilis, t. 5764,- are now regarded as forms of the old A. 
cathartica, t. 338, as was indeed suspected by the Editor of 
this work when figuring A. nobilis. A. neriifolia, t. 4594, 
on the other hand, is very distinct, in the short con- 
tracted portion of the corolla-tube, and in habit and 
other characters. 

A . violacea flowered in a stove in the Royal Gardens in 
September of last year, and continued in flower all through 
the summer. Mr. Watson tells me that there are two 
varieties of it at Kew, one with flowers much duller in colour 
than the other. That here figured was sent by Mr. Medley 
Wood, Curator of the Natal Botanical Gardens, in August, 
1888.—/. D.H. 

eJaf d' P ° rtion of corolla - tu be with stamen ; 2, ovary and glands -.—both 



Tah. 7123. 

Nat ice of A' w Qrt nod*. 

Nat. Ord. Oki miDEM. — Tribe Vaxi 

(ioima Luedoejiannia, ltoichb.f. in lionpland. vol. ii. (1851) | 

LuEDnKM'-Nvi'i Pttcatorei; paeudobalbia ovoideis compressiB levitfr sulcatis, 
apice plurifoliatis, foliis pedalibai sessilibus slliptioo-UooaolAtil aeutia ( 
scapo robusto a baai p*endobalbi daoarro, spatlris paucis breribm 
appreaaia, racatno longuaimo peadalo cylindraceo denaifloro, raohi ralido 
fuHPO-rubro, ovarii* brevibaa pabeaaaatibva, Boribaa 2 poll, latis, sepalis 
obiongia obtoaia iaoarria lutein fnaoo-rubroirrorstia, pe&aJia aepalii 
mamloogiM apathulafco-objratia aaroia, labelli crocei haul robro maoalato 
lobia lateraliboa orectia obloagia obtaai* termin ili lingoifbrmi baai n<>n 
conntricto recurvo marginibus pubescentibus, disco i 
criatato pabsacanta. 

L. Pescatoii'i, Lin 1. \ Reiekb.f. /. ft ,• WtUp. Ann. rol. vi. p. \ Jbum. 

Royal Hort. 8oc. rol rii. (1886) p. SSO; Uolf$ in Gard. ( | 

pars ii. ]>. L83 : /'■ tOOtOTt >. roL i I 
Cycnoches Pescatorei, Lindl. in ij,l. 

Acineta glauca, Hort, LkuUn, 

At the date of publication of the "Genera Plantarum" 
the genus Lueddemannia was very imperfectly known, and 
in the- absence of flowers with pollen, Bentham reduced ir 
ycnoches, observing that (according to Beichenbach) it 
differed only in the pollinia being sessile on the minute 
caudicle. Beichenbach himself in Bonplandia) that 

Lueddemannia differs from Lacama (see tab. 5516 of tin's 
Magazine) in thedepre — I spherical two* P pollinia, by 

which it also differs from Cycnoches, and he describes the 
genus as having the habit of Acineta and /'< . and 

as closely allied to Cycnoch Uum, Lindl. (Bot. Mag. 

fc. 4479), which is the P< s lepida, Reichb Bon- 

pland. 1855, p. 218). 

The above-named genera may be divided into two 
natural groups, those with pseudobulbs bearing on their 
sides leaves or sheaths to which belongs < ; all 

the rest having this organ perfectly naked and leafing 
at the summit only. Of these latter Peritterta is dis- 
tinguished l>y its subereot scapes, globose flowers, and 

Jvi.t 1st, 18&0. 

Tab. 7123. 

Native of Neiv Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Vande.e. 
Genus Lueddemannia, Eeichb.f. in Bonpland. vol. ii. (1854) p. 281. 

Lueddemannia Pescatorei; paeudobulbis ovoideis compressis leviter sulcatis, 
apice plurxfohatia, folhs pedalibua sessilibus elliptico-lanceolatis acutis,' 
acapo robusto a basi pseudobulbi decurvo, spathia paucis brevibua 
appreasis, racemo longissimo pendulo cylindraceo densifloro, rachi valido 
fuaco-rubro, ovarns brevibus pubescentibus, floribtis 2-poll. latis, sepalis 
oblong.s obtusis mcurvia luteis fusco-rubro-irroratis, petalis sepalia 
ffiqmlongis apathulato-objvatis anreia, labelli crocei basi rubra maculato 
lobis laterahbua erectia oblongis obtusU terminali linguiformi baai non 
constricto recurvo marginibua pub3scentibus, disco inter loboa laterales 
criatato pubescente. 

L. Pescatorei Li*d. & Reichb.f. I c. ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 563, & in Journ. 
Boyal Sort Soe vol. vu. (1886) p. 20; Rolfe in Gard. Chron. 1889 
pars n. p. 183 ; Pescatorea, vol. i. t. 22. ' 

Cycnoches Pescatorei, Lindl. in Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. i. (1850-1) p. 123. 
Acineta glauca, Sort. Linden. 

At the date of publication of the " Genera Plantarum " 
the genus Lueddemannia was very imperfectly known, and 
in the- absence of flowers with pollen, Benthara reduced it 
to Cycnoches, observing that (according to Reich enbach) it 
differed only in the pollinia being sessile on the minute 
caudicle. Reichenbach himself says (in Bonplandia) that 
Lueddemannia differs from Lacama (see tab. 6516 of this 
Magazine) in the depressed spherical t wo-lobed ? pollinia, by 
which it also differs from Cycnoches, and he describes 'the 
genus as having the habit of Acineta and Peristeria, and 
as closely allied to Cycnoches barhatum, Lindl. (Bot. Mag. 
t. 4179), which is the Polucycnis lepida, Reichb. f. (in Bon- 
pland. 1855, p. 218). 

The above-named genera may be divided into two 
natural groups, those with pseudobulbs bearing on their 
sides leaves or sheaths to which belongs Cycnoches; all 
the rest having this organ perfectly naked and leafino- 
at the summit only. Of these latter Peristeria is dis- 
tinguished by its suberect scapes, globose flowers, and 

Jvi-t 1st, 1890. 

mobile midlobe of the lip ; Polycycnis by its very slender 
column, Laccena by the midlobe of the lip constricted at 
the base, and Acineta by the very fleshy perianth, which 
hardly expands, and the short thick column. With regard 
to the pollinia, their structure is essentially the same in 
all (except that in some species of Peristeria there is no 
strap), for that of Lueddemannia, as may be seen from the 
figure here given, is not, as Reichenbach describes it, 
globose and sessile on the gland, but pyriform, with a 
distinct strap and rather large gland. It is, however, 
very possible, considering the teudency to bisexuality of 
the allied genus Catasetum, that two forms of pollen may 
occur in Lueddemannia. It is also to be noticed that the 
pollinia of our plant is flat and apparently imperfect. 

L. Pescatorei is a native of the mountains of Ocana, a 
province of New Grenada, at the mouth of the Magdalena 
River, where it was found at elevations of six to nine 
thousand feet by Schlim in 1848, who sent it to Linden, 
and it has been subsequently collected in the same country 
byRoezl. Specimens with the spike upwards of three feet 
long, and bearing upwards of ninety flowers, are known. 
The specimen here figured was sent for figuring by Mr. 
Moore of the Glasnevin Botanical Gardens, in July, 1889, 
the spike being thirty-four inches long. The flower had a 
strong scent, rather like decaying oranges. — J". T). H. 

Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, top of ovary and column ; 3, anther ; 4 and 5, pollinia :— 
all enlarged. 

7) '24. 

MS del, J.N Fitch lith. 

"Vincent Brooks,Day<5t Son, In? 

Tab. 7124. 

BIGNONIA rugosa. 
Native of Caraccas. 

Nat. Ord. Bignoniace^:. — Tribe Bignonie^e. 
Genus Bignonia, Linn.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1033.) 

Bigsosix rugosa ; frutex scandens, totus hirsutua, caulibus sulcatia, ramulis 
teretibus, foliis 2-foliolatis, folioiis elliptico-oblongis acuminatis, basi 
cordatisv. rotundatis subtus reticulatim nervosia, nervis primariis validis, 
petiolo in cirrhum bifidum producto, floribua aolitariis v. in cymas bre- 
vissime pedunculataa pancifloras confertis breviter pedicellatis, calyce 
campanulato ore truncato integerrimo, corolla? primulinae extus gkber- 
rimas tubo elongato subcylindraceo basi contracto et intns piloso, limbi 
breyis subaaqualis lobis 5 patentibus 2 superioribus rotundatis 3 iufe- 
rioribus late obcordatis, filamentis gracilibus glaberrimis arcuatis antheria 
parallelia loculis angustis divaricatia, staminodio filiformi, disco late 
conico glaberrimo, ovario parvo oblongo, stylo elongato gracili, stigmate 
parvo 2-fido, capsula compressa. 

B ? rugosa, Linnea, vol. xxvi. p. 656 ; Walp. Ann. vol. v. p. 522. 

In the absence of fruit, Bignonia rugosa was described 
as a doubtful species of the genus, and for its generic 
confirmation the Royal Gardens are indebted to their 
excellent correspondent, Dr. Ernst of Caraccas, who trans- 
mitted seeds toKewin 1872, together with the description 
of the fruit which is given above. Its nearest ally is pro- 
bably a plant, a native of the Antilles, figured as Macro- 
discus rigescens by Bureau in his beautiful Atlas of the 
flowers and fruit of the new genera into which he proposed 
to divide Bignonia, and of which the letter-press has most 
unfortunately never been published. As in B. rugosa the 
calyx is truncate, the corolla tubular with subequal lobes, 
the stamens and disk are the same, as are the fruit and 
seeds in all essentials. Macrodiscus is probably a well- 
founded genus. 

B. rugosa was discovered by the collector Wagener in 
the province of Choco, United States of Columbia, at 
an elevation of four thousand feet, and is described as a 
climber ten feet high. In the description by Schlechtendal 
and in native specimens from Dr. Ernst there are stipulary 
leaflets at the base of the petiole. 

July 1st, 18D0. 

The Kew plant of B. rugosaw&s raised from seeds sent, 
as stated above, by Dr. Ernst in 1872, and which flowered 
in the Palm House in October, 1889. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, covered except the corolla 
externally with soft spreading hairs, and sparingly with 
shorter glandular pubescence ; branches slender, terete. 
Leaves bifoliolate ; petiole one to one and a half inches long, 
rather slender, ending in a bifid tendril, petiolules about 
half that length ; leaflets three to four inches long, oblong, 
acuminate, base rounded or cordate, yellow green ; beneath 
rugose with six to eight pairs of strong nerves and reticu- 
late nervules. Flowers in small shortly peduncled axillary 
cymes, shortly pedicelled. Calyx two-thirds of an inch 
long, campanulate with a truncate quite entire mouth. 
Corolla primrose-coloured ; tube two to two and a half 
inches long, subcylindric, slightly curved, constricted 
towards the base, glabrous except the constricted part, 
which is laxly hairy within ; limb slightly oblique, short, five- 
lobed ; lobes subequal, spreading, the two upper orbicular 
concave, the three lower broadly obcordate. Stamens four, 
included; filaments long, arched, slender, glabrous; anthers 
of each pair parallel, cells divaricate, narrow ; staminode 
filiform. Disk broadly conical, smooth, glabrous. Ovary 
small, oblong, two-celled, many-ovuled ; style very slender, 
stigma small, two-fid. Capsule compressed, apiculate, 
four to five inches long. Seeds uniseriate near the margin 
on each side of the septum, transversely oblong, one and 
a half inches broad, compressed, surrounded by a complete 
wing.— J. D. h. 

Fig. 1, Calyx cut open, showing the disk and ovary style and stigma ; 2, 
corolla laid open ; 3 and 4, top of filaments and anthers ; 5, vertical section of 
ovary and disk :— all enlarged. 



Vmceiu.Broote.Day & Son,lmP 

L Reeve & C° London.. 

Tab. 7125. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Tribe Epidendre.s:. 
Genus Masdevallia, Ruiz Sf Pav.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 492.) 

Masdevallia (Saccolabiatse) Carderi ; foliis lineari-oblanceolatis apice biden- 
tatis, scapis pendulis unifloris, spathis 1-2 appressis parvis, bractea brevi 
spathacea ovario breviore, floribus carnosulis symmetricis, perianthii 
late campanulati lobis latissiuiis in tila elongata repente an^ustatis, 
petalis lineari-oblongia obtusis disco intus prope apicem carunculato, 
labelli subsessili< hvpochilo basi gibbo lateribus rotundatis, epichilo 
latiore quam longo saccato iotegertimo, disco hypochili 2-carinato ad apicem 
carunculato, colnrana apice denticulata. 

M. Carderi, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1883, vol. i. p. 784, and vol. ii. p. 181, 
fisr. 30. 

Of all the genera of Orchidece none is so remarkable as 
M asdevallia for diversity in inflorescence, sepals, petals, 
and lip. Twenty species have been figured in this Maga- 
zine, and not one of these resembles M. Carderim the symme- 
trical pendulous campannlate flowers, which show scarcely 
any tendency to obliquity in the position of the ovary 
relatively to the scape. Nor are the colours common to 
the genus, the predominance of white in this being very 
exceptional. Dr. Reichenbach refers it to the group 
Saccolabiatce, in which the terminal lobe of the lip is con- 
spicuously saccate, and to the near neighbourhood of his 
M. Houtteana (Illust. Hortic. t. 2106), in which the sheaths 
on the scape are lanceolate and loose, the perianth much 
shallower and more deeply divided, and the midlobe of the 
lip keeled within in the middle. Mr. Bolfe has pointed out 
to me a nearer ally in M. Troglodytes, E. Morren, in which 
the midlobe is, as in M. Carderi, quite even within, and the 
perianth of which more resembles that of the latter, though 
more deeply divided and very differently coloured. It 
further differs in the flowers being pedicelled, the narrow 
hypochile, and the acuminate column. 

The specimen drawn of M. Carderi flowered in the 
Royal Gardens in July, 1888 ; it was obtained in 1887 from 
Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of Clapham. 
Jult 1st, 1890. 

Desce. Leaves three to five inches long, by one-half to 
three-fourths of an inch broad, sessile, pale green, keeled, 
tip bidentate ; basal sheaths half an inch long, truncate. 
Scapes many, one-flowered, shorter than the leaves, slen- 
der, pendulous, green speckled with black ; sheaths one or 
two, short, appressed, acute. Bract one-third of an inch 
long, sheathing the short ribbed ovary. Perianth broadly 
campanulate, half an inch long, three-fourths of an inch 
across the mouth, nearly terete, symmetrical, soft and 
fleshy, white without and within except a ring of carmine 
short irregular spots and streaks towards the base, which 
is yellow, and a red spot at the base of each thread of the 
perianth, lobes very broad and short, suddenly contracted 
into slender yellow tails twice as long as the tubes of the 
perianth and speckled with red ; base within hairy. Petals 
as long as the column, linear-oblong, obtuse, caruncled on 
the disk towards the spur. Lip short, fleshy, very shortly 
clawed, gibbously saccate ; hypochile broadly oblong with 
roundf ! sides, two keels along the disk, and a caruncled 
bropl a r ex, epichile short, broader than long, saccate, 
smooth within, margins quite entire. Column with a 
toothed apex. — /. D, H. 

r Tx %\ 1 '. Base of P e "anth, petals, lip, and column ; 2, petal ; 3, lip ; 4, column ; 
5, pollmia : — all enlarged. 





fit - 

fitch, iith. 

VmcentB-rooteDay i 

Tab. 7126. 
asarum caudiqe8um. 

Native of Southern China. 

Nat. Ord. Akistolochiacejj. 
Genus Asarum, Linn. ; (Bent A. et Hook.f. Gen. PI, vol. iii. p. 122. 

Asarum caudigerum; sparse pilosum, fcliis binis'oppositis latissime ovato- 
v. subhastato-cordatis subacutis subrugosis marginibas undulatis, sinn 
angusto v. lato, floribus breviter^ pedicellatis, periantbii intua extusquo 
pilosi carnoauli fcubo globoso-campanulato, fauce aperta, lobis triangulari- 
ovatis in caudas tubo duplo longiores angustatis, sta minibus 12, tilamentis 
in appendices breves obbusos productis, stjlis 6 ia columnam ad apices fere 
connatis, stigmatibus brevibus recurvis. 

A. caudigerum, Hance in Journ. Bot. vol. xix. (1S81) p. 142. 

The genus Asarum, of which up to very recent times only 
five representatives were described, has of late received 
many remarkable accessions, especially from China and 
Japan, raising the number of known species to upwards of 
a dozen. Though not so striking a plant as the A. 
macranthum figured at Plate 7022 of the volume for 1888, 
A. caudigerum is sufficiently remarkable for the caudate 
tips of the three perianth-lobes, recalling those of Masde- 
vallia Garderi, the figure of which accompanies this in the 
present number of the Magazine. Its nearest allies arc 
A. Booked, Field. & Gard. (Sert. Plant, t. 32), a North- 
west American species, and A. himalaicum, 11. f. & T., of 
the Sikkim Himalaya. Of these two the former has tails 
to the perianth-lobes, but the lobes themselves are not 
connate, as in A. caudigerum, but are separate nearly to the 
base, and the connectives have longer subulate tips. In 
Herbarium specimens of A. caudigerum from the Hong 
Kong Gardens the leaves are more hastate than in those here 
figured, the flowers larger, of the shape of Fig. 1 of the 
plate, and the anthers have much longer points. Hance, 
on the other hand, describes the anthers of native spe- 
cimens as crowned with a small globose process, the 
ovarium as subinferior, and the throat of the corolla as 
not constricted. Possibly more than one species is in- 

July 1st, 1890. 

eluded under A. caudigerum. The artist in making the 
analysis of the staminal column observed that the stamens 
were in three series : six inner, erect, longest ; then three 
in an outer series also erect, but with rather shorter fila- 
ments ; and lastly three outermost with reflected very short 
filaments. The plant was drawn during my absence, and I 
could not therefore verify this observation; and owing to 
their soft condition after maceration, I have failed to do so 
with flowers taken from the dried specimens. I observe, 
however, that the anthers are extrorse in all the stamens. 
A. caudigerum was first described by Dr. Hance, who 
procured specimens of it from the East River, in the 
Canton province of China. Specimens from the North 
River, in the same province, are cultivated by Mr. Ford in 
the Hong Kong Botanic Gardens, from whence that was 
procured from which the figure here given was made. It 
flowered in a cool green-house of the Royal Gardens ia 
January of the present year. 

Desce. Stemless, loosely clothed with long flexuous 
hairs ; crown with a pair of opposite oblong obtuse cata- 
phylls about an inch long. Leaves two, radical, two to three 
inches long, very broadly ovate-cordate with a deep narrow 
sinus, or subhastate, margins undulate, rather light green 
above, pale yellow green beneath, hairy on both surfaces ; 
petiole two to three inches long. Peduncle much shorter 
than the petiole. Ovary broadly obovate, green. Perianth- 
tube subglobose, dirty green speckled with red-brown, 
villous within ; lobes triangular-ovate, narrowed into 
slender tails an inch or more long, outer surface green, 
inner paler green or nearly white speckled with red. 
Stamens twelve, nine with stout erect filaments, alter- 
nately longer and shorter, and three much smaller with 
sharply reflexed filaments and extrorse anthers ; connectives 
produced beyond the oblong adnate cells into a short 
blunt apex. Styles six, connate almost to their tips, 
forming a cone with six short free recurved obtuse 
stiff mata. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with part of the perianth cut away; 2, hair from the interior 
of t'ue perianth ; 3 ? outer reeflxed, and 4, inner erect stamen ; 5, column of 
styles and stigmata : — all enlarged. 



"Vincent Brooks Day i 

. "Reeve & C° London. 

Tab. 7127. 
hakea laueina. 

Native of South-western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Pkoteace.e. — Tribe GrevilleejE. 
Genus Hakea, Sclirad. ; {Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 181.) 

Hakea. (Conogynoides) laurina ; frutex v. arbor parva, glabra v. puberula, 
ramulis gracilibus castaneis, foliia ano-usto elliptico-oblon^is v. oblan- 
ceolatis obtusis v. apiculatis in petiolum angustatis triplinerviis, mar- 
ginibus incrassatis luride viridibus, floribus id capitnlis axillaribus ses- 
silibusglobosis compactis sanguineis, stylia flavis, capitulis, immaturis 
squamis involucrantibusque deciduis rotundatis sericeis tecti?, rachi 
tomentoso, pedicellis brevissimis floribusque glaberrimis, periantbii brevis 
loins linearibus obtusis, toro obliquo, glandula magna, fructu subgloboso 
lignoso obtuse ros trato, seminibus late alatis, ala completa. 

H. laurina, Br. Trot. Nov. 29; Meissn, in DC. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 411; 
Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 518; F. Taufani in Bull. Soc. Tosc. Orli- 1888, 168, t. 8; Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. i. p. 118, f. 30. 

H. eucalyptoides" Meissn. in Plant. Preiss. vol. i. p. 573 ; vol. ii. p. 262, and 
in I)C. Prodr. I. c. p. 413 ; F. Muell. Fragment, vol. iv. p. 130. 

A very striking shrub, from the abundant scarlet balls 
of flowers emitting 1 long golden styles that deck the 
branchlets. Unfortunately it is not one that -will stand in 
the open air in any but the warmest parts of the British 
Islands, and being a native of a very dry part of Australia, 
even the warmer counties would probably prove too 
damp for it. This, however, remains to be seen, for 
hitherto it has been treated in England only as a green- 
house plant. In the Mediterranean regions it does well ; 
it has flowered profusely in Italy and Sicily, first, I believe, 
in Palermo in 1880, and later with the Baron Eicasoli, at 
his residence of Casa Bianca, near Argontaria, in Sardinia. 
Mr. Watson informs me that under the name of the Sea 
Urchin, it is the glory of the Gardens of the Riviera, 
where in Mr. Hanbury's Garden, Mortalo, near Mentone, 
he saw a plant of it, forming a shrub ten feet high, covered 
with balls of flowers, two and a half inches in diameter. 
The specimen here figured was flowered by M. Braves at 
Nice, by whom a flowering branch was sent to the Royal 
Gardens in 1889. It is a native of the south-west coast of 
Jtj[,y 1st, 1890. 

Australia, where it ranges on hills from Cape Arid to King 
George's Sound. 

Desce. A large shrub or small tree ; branches slender, 
red-brown. Leaves four to six inches long, coriaceous, 
narrowly elliptic -oblong or oblanceolate, obtuse or apicu- 
late, narrowed into a petiole one to four inches long, triple- 
nerved and with thickened margins, dull green, sometimes 
minutely pubescent. Flowers densely compacted in axillary 
globose sessile heads one to two and a half -inches in 
diameter, blood-red with long golden exserted styles one- 
half to three-fourths of an inch long, rachis of head densely 
villous ; pedicels very short, glabrous ; perianth a quarter 
of an inch long, divided nearly to the base into four linear 
glabrous segments with oblong reflexed antheriferous tips. 
Dish very oblique, with a large globose gland on one side. 
Anthers sessile, linear. Ovary oblique, narrowed into the 
stout decurved style, which is terminated by a bifid stigma. 
Capsule the size of a very large nut, thickly woody, sub- 
globose, obliquely bluntly beaked ; lips of the valves very 
broad, slightly rugose externally, very smooth internally. 
Seeds about three-fourths of an inch long ; nucleus small, 
surrounded with a broad ovate membranous wing. — ■ 
/. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, the same with the style cut off ; 3, reflexed portion of a 
segment with the anther ; 4, apex of pedicel, ovary, disk and gland ; 5, fruit, 
and 6, seed from Herbarium specimens :— all butjigs. 5 and 6 much enlarged. 



Tab. 7128. 
TRACHYCARPUS khasyanus. 

Native of Eastern Bengal and Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Coeypiie.e. 
Genus Tuachvcarpus, H. Wendl. ; {Benth. etHook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 929.) 

Tkachtcarptts khasyanus; caudice 30 pedali gracili lajvi obscure annulato, 
foliis prbicularibns ambitu breviter multifidis lobis bifidis rectia v. 
reourvig subtus subglaucescentibus, vaginis infibras rigidas erectas solutis 
junioribus marginibus furfuraceo-lanatia, petiolo limbo subsequilongo 
marginibus eroso-denticulatis, ligula brevi truncata, spadice bipedali 
nutante compressa basi spatkis inclusa raraosa, pedunculo ramisque 
crassis 4-6-pollicaribus, spathis coriaceia flavo-fuscis marginibus apices 
versus villosis inferioribus bifidis rameis integris, floribu3 flavis ramulia 
spadicis tertialibus glabris confertia parvulis, sepalia ovato-oblongis 
obtusi3 quam sepala late ovata obtusa mnltoties minoribus, filamentia 
glabris petalis sequilongis, carpellis 3 demum lanatis, drupia 1-3 obloagis 

Trachycarpus khasyanus, Wendl. in Bull. Bot. Soc. Franc, vol. viii. p. 429. 

Chamaerops kbasyana, Griff, in Gale. Journ. Nat. Hist. vol. v. p. 341 ; Palms 
of British India, p. 134, t. 227 A, B ; Brand. For. Flor. p. 546 (syn. C. 
Martiana) ; Gamble Man. Ind. Timb. 418 ; Kurz For. Flor. vol. ii. p. 526 ; 
Verlot in Rev. Hortie. 1876, p. 275 {cum Ic. xylog.). 

C. Griffithii, Lodd. Cat. Palm. 1841. 

This handsome Palm here figured is one of a pair pur- 
chased for the Royal Gardens, Kew, at the sale of the 
collections that ornamented the Conservatory of the Royal 
Horticultural Gardens, South Kensington, in 1889. They 
are supposed to have been originally procured from the 
garden of the Duke of Wellington at Strathfieldsaye, and 
they are now in the Temperate House of Kew, -planted in 
the ground. It is an interesting Palm, as connecting 
botanically and in geographical range the Himalayan 
with the Chinese and Japanese species of the genus, 
namely, T. Martianus, Wendl., of the Western Himalaya, 
the Chinese T. Fortunei, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 5221 (Chamts- 
rops), and the cultivated T. exce/sus, Wendl., of Japan. 
These species are closely allied, insomuch that Griffith, 
Verlot, Gamble, Brandis and others have hazarded the 
opinion that two or all of them may be forms of one. As 
August 1st, 1890. 

grown atKew, however, they show, as in distribution, con- 
siderable differences. T. Mariianus is confined to the Western 
Himalaya, extending in so far as is known from Central 
Nepal to Knmaon, where it ascends to seven thousand eight 
hundred feet elevation. It has leaves very glaucous 
beneath with drooping tips to the segments, and the 
drupe is described as yellow, but Brandis and others say 
that this is its colour in the unripe state only, for when 
ripe it is pale blue. The fibrous remains of the leaf- 
sheaths form a beautiful close network. T. khasyanus 
extends from the Western Khasia hills, at three thousand 
five hundred to four thousand feet elevation, into Munni- 
pore (top of Mount Kassoma, altitude six thousand five 
hundred feet, Watt), and thence into Burma (pine forests 
of Martaban, altitude four thousand to six thousand five 
hundred feet, and the Kakhyen hills in Ava, Kurz) ; it 
also occurs in Upper Burma, at Monyen, altitude five 
thousand to six thousand feet, J. Anderson, there bordering 
on China. The leaves are hardly glaucous beneath, the 
young densely furfuraceous along the edges of the folds, 
their tips straight (in a sketch of my own made in the 
Khasia) or recurved (Griffith), not drooping, and the drupe 
is a dirty bhie. It has not been found in the Eastern 
Himalaya, except small plants of what Mr. Gamble thinks 
may be the same should prove to be so, and which that 
botanist found near Dumsong in Sikkim, altitude six 
thousand five hundred feet. 

Whether T. khasyanus differs or not specifically from 
T. Martianus is doubtful. Griffith distinguishes khasyanus 
by its shorter stouter stature, the petioles toothed 
throughout, the nature of the rete, and the texture of the 
leaves, which is more like that of Chamcerops humilis, — not 
one of which characters do I find to be valid, except 
perhaps the rete. Both, however, unquestionably differ 
from T. Fortunei and excelsa in their beautiful slender 
polished trunks, with a very short crown of appressed 
fibrous sheaths at the top ; whereas in the Chinese plants 
the much stouter trunk is clothed for upwards of seven feet 
with a dense ragged mass of sheath-fibres. The leaves of the 
Indian plants are on the whole less deeply lobed, though 
much more deeply than is represented by the artist in ti.e 
-reduced figure of the plant here given. 

Under Plate 5221 such differences as were then observed 
between T. Fortunei and excelsus are clearly given. An 
examination of numerous specimens in the Temperate House 
at Kew and in the open air of the Fortunei shows these to 
be fallacious, though the extreme forms, of leaves with 
straight and with dropping tips, are discernible. A more re- 
markable character of Fortunei is the great length of the 
petiole of some specimens ; this organ, which is rarely much 
longer than the diameter of the blade, is in some specimens, 
growing both in and out of doors, twice or even thrice that 
length. Its greater length is attributed at Kew to the 
plant having been grown indoors. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Base of lamina of leaf and ligule ; 2, back, and 3, front view of 
flower ; 4 and 5, stamens ; 6, carpels ; 7, the same dehiscing when still young ; 
8, transverse section of the same, showing the ovule; 9, drupe dried (from the 
Kew Museum) ; 10 and 11, ventral and dorsal view of the same:— all but Jigs. 
1 and 9 enlarged,. 



Y m cexitBrooksDay& Son** 

L.Reeve&C , London., 

Tad. 7129. 
PLEUROTHALLIS platyeacms. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Epidendces. 
Genus Pleueothallis, Br. ; (Benth. et Jlook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 488.) 

Pieueothallis platyrac his ; casspitosa, foliis 4-6 pollicaribua in petioluni an- 
gustatis oblanceolatia carinatis apicibus obtusis integris 3-denticula- 
tisve, scapis gracilibus foliis longioribns anguste bialatis apice 4-6-floris, 
bracteis subdistichis ovatis acutis viridibus iufimis vacuis, floribus aub- 
erectis breviter et crasse pedicellatis, ovario brevi 3-gono, perianthio 
pollicari flavo punctulato, sepalis rarinatis marginibus recurvis ovato- 
lanceolate acuminatis supra medium verraculosis nervis viridibns, petalis 
minutis lineari-oblongis obtusis brunneis, labello basi rotundato dein 
recurvo anguste lanceolato acuminato superne bicarinato carinis rubris, 
columna supra medium alata, basi antice tumida. 

P. platyrachis, Rolfe in Journ. Bot. 1890, p. 136 in note. 

Masdevallia platyrachis, Bolfe in Gard. Chron. 1888, pt. ii. p. 178. 

This is one of the largest and largest-flowered of the 
many species of the section of Pleurothallis to which it 
belongs ; and it approaches so closely in habit to Masdevallia, 
that it was at first referred to that genus, from which 
the sepals free to the base distinguish it. It belongs to 
the stemless tufted section of the genus as defined by 
Lindley in his monograph of Pleurothallis, published in 
his "Folia Orchidacea," but is not very near to any 
hitherto described species. According to Bentham's 
classification of the species in Genera Plantarum, it falls 
under his first section of " Elongate Floribundae. " No 
fewer than three hundred and fifty of its congeners are 
described by Lindley, of which very few were ever in culti- 
vation, though many are remarkable for the singularity 
(see P. insignis, pi. 6936), and some for the gem-like 
beauty and curious structure of their small flowers (see 
P. Reymondi, pi. 5385). 

P. platyrachis was obtained at Kew, from Messrs. 
Shuttleworth, Carder and Co., of Clapham, in 1884, and 
flowered in October of last year. 

Desce. Stems tufted. Leaves five to six inches by about 

August 1st, 1890. 

one inch at the broadest part, elliptic-oblanceolate, obtuse, 
notched with a terminal apicnlus, keeled beneath, pale 
green, contracted below into a channelled petiole ; basal 
sheath short, funnel-shaped, mouth oblique, brown. Scape 
radical, stout, longer than the leaf, with three to five 
short acute sheaths, two-edged or narrowly two- winged 
upwards, green speckled, sometimes densely, with brown ; 
raceme one to one and a half inch, inclined, six- to ten- 
fld, ; rachis stout, bracts one-third of an inch long. 
ovate, acuminate, coriaceous, green, persistent ; obconic 
ribbed ovary with the short stout pedicel one-third 
of an inch long; perianth gaping, puberulous. Sepals 
two-thirds of an inch long, golden yellow, punctulate, 
strongly keeled, dorsal lanceolate from an ovate con- 
cave base ; lateral narrower, linear-lanceolate. Petals 
very small, shorter than the column, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, caruncled or crenulate along the outer edge, 
yellow. Lip with a long stout incurved claw ; limb not 
half as long as the sepals, lanceolate, acute, recurved, 
yellow, with a deep central canal bounded by an elevated 
ochreous ridge on each side. Column incurved, obtuse, 
broadly winged from below the middle to the top, and 
with a large callus on the base in front; anther hemi- 
spheric ; pollinia two, pyriform.— J. I). H. 

a 6* \ Voi 'ti™ of winged scape ; 2, flower with sepals removed ; 3, column ; 
4, lip ; o, anther ; 6, polhnm :- all enlarged. 



•^centBrooksDa.y 8c Son^P' 

Llteeve &, Q° London. 

Tab. 7130. 

Native of North-East Asia and Japan, and N. America. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculace^:. — Tribe Helleboreje. 
Genus Aconitum, Linn. ; (Benth. et BZooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 9.) 

Aconitum Fischeri ; erectnm, robustuin, glabrum v. superne glanduloso-pu- 
bescens, foliis caulinis petiolatis 3-partitis, segmentis cuneatis trifidis 
inciso-lobatis, racemo stricto erecto multinoro, bracteis inferioribus 
foliaceia 3-fidis, superioribus parvis oblongis integerrimis, pedicellis erectis 
medio 2-bracteolatis, floribus magnis puberulis pallide coeruleis, sepalia 
anticis oblique oblongis v. lineari-oblongis obtusis, lateralibus orbiculatis 
pilosis, postico in galeam altiorem quam latam cumpressam rostratam 
producto, filamentis glabris late alatis, petalis superioribus ungue elato, 
calcare antice dilatato dentato postice revoluto, folliculis erectis pubes- 
centibus reticulatim nervosis. 

A. Fischeri, Eeichb. Monogr. Gen. Aconit. t. xxii. ; Franchet in Mem. Soe. 
Nat. Cherb. vol. xxiv. p. 198 {excl. syn. Dene.) ; Frarich. Sf Savat. Ennm. 
Plant. Jap. vol. i. p. 12 ; Hemsl. in Jov.rn. Linn. ^oc. vol. xxm. p. 20; 
Brewer 8r Wats. Bot. Calif, vol. i. p. 12. 

A. sinense, S.'eb. $ Znec. Fam. Nat. PL Jap. No. 335 (nor, A., Bt t. 
Mag. t. 3852). . _ . 

A. autumnale, Lindl. in Jonrn. Hort. Soc. vol. n. p. 77, and in faxt.JTl, 
Card. vol. i. p. 187 with fig. 

A. arcuatum, Maxim. Fl. Amvr. p. 27. 

A. Carmichaelii, Debeaux Fl. Tientsin, Addend, p. (31. 

A. nasutum, Fisch, mss. ex Sprengel Syst. Veg. vol. n. p. 621, c.rcl. syn. ; Boor. 
, Flor. Bor. Am,, vol. i. p. 26; Ton: 8f Gr. Flor. N. Amer. vol. iv. p. W ; 
Walp. Hep. vol. i. p. 58. 

A. Labarskyi, Eeichb. I. c. t. 20 (Jd. Begel). 

A. maximum, DC. Syst. vol. i. p. 380; Prodr. vol. i. p. 61 (non Pall. Herb., nee 
Eeichb., ex Beqel). , _, ,, ,, ,. , 

A. columbiauum, Nutt. ex Torr. f Gr. Flor. N. Am. I.e.; Coulter Man. Bat. 
Eocky Mts. Beg. p. 11. 

A. noveboracense, A. Gr. Bot. N. U. States, Ed. vi. p. 47. 

A. napellus, Tlnnib. Fl. Jap. p. 251 {non Linn.). 

Aoonitum sp., Hemsl. in Journ Bot. vol. xiv. (1876), p. 206. 

The reduction of the species and varieties of Aeomtum 
to system is a task awaiting the labour, and it will be 
no slight one, of a very judicious botanist. Upwards of 
three hundred specific names have been advanced tor 
probably not more than thirty species. A great number 
of these have already been reduced to synonyms, and as 
many more remain to be relegated to the same category. 
The genus is a very widely distributed one, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, which it crosses to N. America, 
where one species is found common to both the Mstern 
and Western States. In latitude it ranges from the Arctic 

Ar ( ,iST 1m, 1890. 

regions to the Mediterranean in Europe ; to Asia Minor and 
the Himalaya in Asia ; and to New Mexico in the Western 
States of America, and Carolina in the Eastern. Of all 
the species none occupies a wider geographical area than 
A. Fischeri, namely in Eastern Asia from Kamtschatka to the 
Yang-tse-kiang in China, in Corea and Japan, and in 
N. America from Alaska and British Columbia to New- 
Mexico, and if American botanists are correct, to the 
Eastern States. I have collected it in company with Dr. 
Gray in Southern Colorado on the border of the latter 
country, on the La Veta Pass at ten thousand feet eleva- 
tion, and further north in both the Rocky Mountains and 
Sierra Nevada. 

It needs hardly be said that with this wide distribution 
A. Fischeri varies much, and I am far from supposing that 
the long list of synonyms collected above with consider- 
able labour is inexhaustive ; for it appears to me probable 
that certain allies, some scandent and some more tomen- 
tose, may have to be specifically incorporated with it, as A. 
volubile, Pall., A. villosum, Reichb., and A. noveboracense, 
A. Gray, Manual, Ed. vi., p. 47 ; and all may go 
into A. uncinatum, Linn. Into this extended inquiry I 
am not prepared to go without an exhaustive examination 
of specimens that would take much time and labour. I 
can only state here that the principal distinctive character 
adduced for uncinatum by De Candolle is the evanescent 
wings of the filaments, which, however, are well developed 
m A. Gray's figure (in Gen. N. Am. Plants). The seg- 
ments of its leaves are broader than in the Western 
American plant, and in the common forms of the Asiatic, 
but in some specimens of the latter there is no difference 
in this respect. 

The A. chwense, Sieb. (Tab. 3852 of this work), is at 
once distinguished by its semicircular hood ; but I do not 
see how the N. American A. uncinatum, Linn., of this 
Magazine, Plate 1119 (and which is, I suppose, A. Gray's 
A.Hm-pboramw), is to be specifically distinguished. 

Ihe specimen here figured was received at the Royal 
Gardens from Mr. Max Leichtlin, in 1886, under the name 
of A. calif 'or maim, and the drawing was made in October 
of last year.— J. B. H. 

Fig. 1 Apex of pedicel, with petals and stamens, enlarged; 2, yonng fruit 
the »ati<r<t/ nze, * J 


•/mcentBrodksPay & ScA * 

Tab. 7131. 

Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnebace.e. — Tribe Oyktandbe^. 
Genus Episcia, Mart.; (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1O06.) 

Episcia maculata; robusta, scandens, pilosula, ramis pendulis radicantibusque, 
foliis petiolatis ovatis oblongo-ovatisve acuminatis integerrimis serrulatisve 
basi rotandatis eordatis v. acutis, supra nitidis nervis impressis, subtus 
pallidis, floribus in cymas axillares crasse pedunoulataa foliaceo-bracteatas 
dispositis breviter pedicellatis, calycis obliqui segmentia 4 lineari-oblongis 
subacutis pilosis quinto multo minore, corolla lj-pollicari flava sangui- 
neo creberrime macnlata glaberrima, tubo infra medium cylindraceo in 
calcar uncinatum obtusum producto superne subcampanulato, limbi Iobis 
subEequalibus 4 rotundatis patulis quinto carnosulo concavo inflexo 
orem corollas claudente, filamentis ovarioque glaberrimis. 

A very beautiful plant, both in foliage and flower, for 
it is difficult to conceive anything more lustrous than the 
polished leaves, which reflect the light from every in- 
equality of their surface. According to notes accom- 
panying native specimens collected by Mr. Im Thurn, 
and by Mr. Jenman, on the Pomeroon River in British 
Guiana, it is a climber, and no doubt the leafy branches 
are pendulous, for as grown at Kew it flourishes in a wire 
basket, the branches hanging down on all sides, clothed 
with brilliantly green leaves. I can find no description of 
this plant, nor do I find the curious character of the fifth 
lobe of the corolla being inflexed and covering the throat 
like a trap-door, noticed under the genus, or under any 
of the species. Amongst the native specimens in the 
Herbarium some have leaves twice as large as those 
here figured, and purplish red underneath ; their petioles 
vary greatly in length, as do the lobes of the calyx. The 
branches of the cyme are sometimes lengthened, and the 
flowers secund. 

E. maculata flowered for the first time at Kew in Sep- 
tember of last year, and it will be again in flower at the 
end of this month. 

Augttst 1st, 18P0. 

Dksor. Stem as thick as a swan's quill, scandent 
by fibrous roots ou trunks of trees ; branches six to 
eighteen inches long, pendulous, nearly as thick as the 
little finger, succulent, pale green, sparsely hairy, as are 
the petioles, leaves and calyx. Leaves three to six inches 
long, more or less recurved, ovate or oblong-ovate acu- 
minate, entire or serrate, bright shining green above with 
impressed nerves, paler beneath, base acute rounded or 
cordate ; petiole stout, one to three inches long. Flowers 
in stoutly ped uncled axillary rather dense branching cymes, 
with leafy bracts. Calyx one inch long, oblique, five-par- 
tite, four lobes linear-oblong suberect, the fifth much 
smaller, spreading. Corolla two inches long, yellow 
spotted with bright red, tube subcampanulate above, 
narrow below and produced beyond the calyx into a 
stout curved obtuse horn ; lobes five, rounded, four of 
them spreading, the fifth rather thicker and inflexed over 
the throat of the tube ; stamens inserted about the middle 
of the corolla-tube, included, filaments free, glabrous ; 
anthers oblong, cohering in pairs by their tips, cells 
parallel ; disk a large dorsal gland. Ovary glabrous ; 
style elongate, stigma subcapitate. — J. B. H, 

Fig. 1, Calyx and ovary ; 2, section of part of corolla showing the stamens ; 
3, fifth (inflected) lobe of the corolla ; 4, ovary and disk gland -.—all enlarged: 

7 /32 


Vincent 3ro oksD ay & Sanjmp . 

Tab. 7132. 
PEDICULARIS megalantha. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. SceophularinEjE.— Tribe EurmiASiEji. 
Genus Pedicularis, Linn.; {Benth. et Kvok. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 978.) 

Pedicularis megalantha ; erecta, elata, puberala v. villosula, t'oliis alternis 
petiolatis ovato- v. lineari-oblongis canlinis pinnafcificlis lobis crenulatis, 
calycis tubo cylindraceo v. subinflato nervoso, lobis 5 subasqualibus v. 
insequalibus rotundatis cristato-crenatis, corollas rosea* v. purpurea3 tubo 
gracillimo calyce 2-4-plo longiore, limbi labio superiore annulari in cornu 
elongatuni incurvum producto, inferiore latissimo concavo 3-lobo, lobo 
medio augusto, fila mentis sparse pilosis. 

P. megalantha, Bon Prodr. 91; Wall. Gat. 411/1; Benth. in BG. Prodr. vol. x. 
p. 564; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. iv. p. 312; Maximov. in Mel. Biol. 
x. p. 82, et xii. p. 793 ; Prain in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. vol. lviii. p. 269. 

This noble Pedicularis is one of the ornaments of the 
subalpine regions of the Eastern Himalaya, where I found 
it rearing its head above long grass in Sikkim in 1849, at 
eleven thousand to thirteen thousand feet above the sea. 
It was discovered by Wallich in Central Nepal in 1820, 
and specimens sent to the late Mr. Lambert were described 
by Don in the " Mora Nepalensis " in 1825. It was dis- 
tributed by Wallich under the above name, and is one of 
two plants or varieties included under No. 411 of his 
Catalogue. Of these No. 411/1 is a Nepal plant with rosy 
flowers, identical with this ; the other, Wallich's No. 411/2, 
is a yellow-flowered species hitherto supposed to be a 
variety, and published as P. megalantha in the "Flore des 
Serres " (t. 943). It has a different distribution, namely 
from Kumaon westward to Kashmir, at considerably lower 
elevations than P. megalantha affects (seven thousand to 
twelve thousand feet), and has not hitherto been found in 
the Eastern Himalaya. It has a shorter corolla-tube, and 
there are differences in the form of the corolla-lobes, but 
it is difficult to detect these in specimens that have been 
dried. It may be the P. Hojfmeisteri of Klotzsch, figured 
in the Botany of the Voyage of Prince Waldemar in the 

August 1st, I 

Himalaya. No locality for this is given, nor is the colour 
of its flower ; and as Dr. Hoffmeister, its collector, travelled 
both in Central Nepal and in the Western Himalaya, it is 
most probably from the latter country, where the yellow- 
flowered plant is a far more common one than is the rosy- 
flowered one in the Eastern. I may here mention that in 
the " Flora of British India," in the absence of specimens 
of it, P. Hoffmeisteri is referred as a synonym to the closely 
allied P. siphonantha, an error which Dr. Prain, the 
Herbarium -keeper of the Royal Gardens, Calcutta, and 
author of a valuable revision of the Indian species of the 
genus, has had the means of correcting, by a comparison 
of authentic materials. He refers it as a synonym to P. 
megalantha, but whether to the rose-coloured or yellow- 
flowered plant of that name does not appear ; from the 
shortness of the corolla-tube as figured, 1 should judge it 
to belong to the latter, in which case, and if it prove speci- 
fically distinct from megalantJia, the name of Hoffmeisteri 
should be retained for the western species. 

The species of Pedicularis are amongst the most abundant 
and beautiful of the herbaceous plants of the Himalaya, in 
many respects not yielding to Primula itself; some of the 
species attain a height of two to three feet, bearing long 
racemes of purple flowers ; others, from higher elevations, 
are dwarfs, the long tubes of their flowers rising amongst 
the tufted leaves. In the "Flora of British India" I have de- 
scribed thirty-seven species, the number known up to that 
time. Since then collectors sent by Dr. King, especially to the 
Tibetan provinces of Sikkim, only lately accessible to British 
subjects, and other collectors in Burma, have enabled Dr. 
Prain nearly to double that number of Indian species. This 
extension eastwards of the genus indicates the accession 
of a prodigious number of new species from the mountain 
ranges between Sikkim and Western China, 

P. megalantha was received for figuring from G. Wilson, 
Esq., F.R.S., and is one of the many valuable acquisitions 
to horticulture due to the energy and skill of that eminent 
cultivator. — J. H. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx ; 2, lip of tube of corolla with upper lobe ; 3, stamens -.-all 
a mil I rr ' 



^incentBrooksDaySc Sotvtmp. 

L .Reeve & C° ; London. 

Tab. 7133. 
CATTLEYA Lawbenceana. 

Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Epidendrej?. 
Genus Cattleya, Lindl. ; {Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 53). 

Cattleya Lawrenceana ; rhizomate valido, pseudobulbis validis clavatis v. 
elongato-f usiformibus 8-10-sulcatis monophyllis, folio 6-8 pollicari lineari- 
oblongo obtuso rigido basi vaginis membranaceis vestito, scapo brevi 
valido vaginato plurifloro, floribus amplis 4-6 poll, latis esepius laste roseis, 
limbo labelli sanguineo-purpureo, sepalis anguste lineari-oblongis obtusis 
recurvis marginibus undulatis, petalis magnis late oblongis marginibus 
undulatis lobulatis cristatisve, labelli tnbo elongato subcurvo anguste 
cylindraceo, limbo explanato orbiculari bifido margiuibus revolutis den- 
ticulatis, columna breviuscula. 

C. Lawrenceana, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1885, vol. i. p. 338 and 374, figs. 
68, 69; Reichenbachia, vol. i. t. 12; Lindenia, vol. i. t.4t ; Warner Orchid. 
Alb. t. 342 ; Im Thurn in Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. 2, vol. ii. p. 249 ; Ridley 
I. c. p. 282 ; Veitch Man. Orchid, pars ii. p. 40. 

C. pumila, Sehomb. Reise in Brit. Guian. vol. iii. p. 1068 {non Hook. Bot. Mag. 
t. 3656). 

A reference to the plate of Cattleya Shinneri (t. 4270) 
in this Magazine shows a remarkably close resemblance 
between that plant and this, so close, indeed, that it 
would not be easy to distinguish them by words for 
botanical purposes, except that the pseudobulbs of Law- 
renceana are monophyllous. C. Skvnneri is a native of 
Guatemala, and assuming the above-cited figure to repre- 
sent the plant in a normal state, its flowers differ from 
those of Lawrenceana in being smaller with much shorter 
and broader sepals and petals, and a much shorter tube 
of the lip, the limb of which is less crenulate, and by the 
throat of the latter being bright yellow. The colour of 
the whole flower of 0. Skinneri is more dingy, and though 
called in the description " brilliant rosy " in one place, in 
another it is described (more in accordance with the 
plate) as "of the most lovely lilac-purple tint imagin- 
able." On the other hand, C. Lawrenceana is described by 
Warner as having rosy-purple flowers, with a dark purple 
hand in front of the white throat of the Up ; but I do 
not find the latter character in any published drawing of 

BlPTSXXKB 1st, 1890. 

this species. Referring to the excellent descriptions of 
both in Veitch's Manual (Pt. ii.), the chief difference lies 
in the number of leaves, for their flowers appear to be of 
the same dimensions, and in both to vary to white. 

The discoverers of this splendid Orchid were the brothers 
Schomburgk, who found it at the base of Roraima, when 
employed by the British Government in surveying the 
boundaries of British Guiana with Brazil and Venezuela. 
Sir Robert Schomburgk, however, assumed it to be C. 
pumila, Hook., which is a Brazilian Lcelia, erroneously 
supposed to be Demararan (not C. Mossice, as stated in 
V eitch's Manual and other works), as determined by Mr. 
Ridley from an examination of Schomburgk's drawings 
preserved in the British Museum. It was next met with 
in the same locality by Mr. Siedel, when collecting for 
Messrs. Sanders and Co., and shortly afterwards by Mr. Im 
lhurn during his remarkable journey and ascent to the 
supposed inaccessible summit of Roraima. 

The following is Mr. Im Thurn's account of the habitat 
ol O. LaiOrenceana, and of the vegetation of Roraima, pub- 
lished in the Lmnean Society's Transactions cited above :— 

It was here, too (at the base of Roraima), in the deep 
cuttings made by the river (Kookenaam), and half filled up 
with huge blocks of stone, that are now overgrown with 
large trees and shrubs, that one of the most famous of all 
Roraima plants gvows-Cattleya Laiurenceana." 
qnV,; T °f" le y» ls doubtless the one collected by the 
WIT £ brot ^rs and enumerated by Richard Schom- 

ZttZ C \KT lla; f ° r Xt a PP ears t0 be tlie only repre- 
EnSET f lS J euus occurring on this side, at least of 
Schonhll n - WaS the on] y side visited by the 
moVn^ g W ^ ^r 8 ^V^eutlj not high up upon the 
waT n\h ?V h Z gDarled toe-trunks close to the 
ome of hf ! <*<****<»& which the Kookenaam and 
aTut thrPP H tr i bUtar ^ Streams fl ^> at ^ ^ght of 

orchid nol7^ i • t,me ° f our visit Mr - Siedd > an 
the ntnt "^.^g «ct the natives to work to collect 

peL[e col \ lm ' * W seen ^n or twelve of these 

laden witl a 1 w^' affce ™°™ ^fter afternoon, each 

ovev ^ q ba8Ket ( a gcod load for a man) full of these 

lovely plants, many of them in full flower. One day I 

myself, having gone down to the Kookenaam to bathe, 
gathered, just round the small pool I chose for the purpose, 
two most glorious clumps of this Orchid, the better of the 
two having five spikes of flowers, of which one bore nine, 
each of the others eight blossoms — in all forty-one of some 
of the largest and finest Cattleya flowers ever seen on a single 
small plant, the" roots of which easily lay on my extended 
hand/ ' 

The plant here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens in 
March of the present year. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Column and anther ; 2, anther ; 3, pollinia : — all enlarged. 







Tab. 7134 
CELMISIA Lindsayi. 

Native of New Zealand, 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe AsteroidEvE. 
Genus Celmisia, Gassini; {Benth. et Hooi.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 278.) 

Celmisu Lindsayi ; rbizomate repente, foliis 2-4 pollicaribus lineari-oblongis 
lanceolatisve obtusiusculis remote dentieulatis coriaceis supra lseribua 
glabris subtus appreaae niveo-tomentosis nervis paucis obscuris, scapo 
gracili puberulo, bracteis linearibus, capitulo 2 poll, diaro., inrolucri cylin- 
dracei glabri viridis bracteis multiseriatis linearibas acuminatis appressis, 
ligulis ad 30 vix biseriatis lmearibus albis non recurvis, disci corollis aureia 
tubo basi incrassato, antheris bast obtusia, acheniis teretiasculis sericeis. 

C. Lindsayi, Hook. f. Handbook of the New Zealand Flora, p. 132; Lindsay, 
Contrib. to New Zeald. Bot. p. 53, t. 3, f. 1. 

Under C. spectabilis, Plate 0653, I have made a few 
observations on the Celmisias, the great Daisies of New- 
Zealand, and their value as cultivated plants; but nume- 
rous as they are, nearly thirty species being known, almost 
all attempts to raise and flower them from seed have proved 
unavailing ; in fact, the only two that are known to me 
in cultivation are the present and the one above alluded 
to. Their near allies, the shrubby Eurybias and Olearias 
of the same islands, grow fairly well in the latitude 
of London, but not with the luxuriance which they 
attain in the west of England and Ireland; and as 
some of them inhabit the same country and even 
localities as some Celmisias, there is every reason to hope 
that many of the latter may find as congenial conditions 
in the rock garden as Dr. Balfour tells me that G. specta- 
bilis has in the Edinburgh Botanical Gardens. 

C. Lindsayi was discovered by the late Dr. Lauder Lind- 
say during a visit which he made to New Zealand 
on trap cliffs at the mouth of the Cluthe River, Shaw's 
Bay, in the province of Otago. It differs from the 
normal species in the obtuse bases of the anther-cells, in 
which it resembles an Erigeron, and invalidates the chief 
character by which Celmisia is distinguished from that 

September 1st, 1890. 

genus. In the uniseriate ray flowers with rather broad 
ligulas it more resembles Aster, differing in the terete 
achene. In his notes on the Botany of the Island, Dr. 
Lindsay states that the soft cottony matter on the leaves 
of some species of Celmisia forms balls or concretions in 
the stomachs of animals that obstruct the passage of food 
through the intestines, and so frequently causes fatal 

The specimen here figured is considerably larger than 
the native ones collected and figured by Dr. Lindsay, in 
which also the ray corollas are faintly lilac. It was received 
at Kew in 1884 from the Edinburgh Botanical Gardens, 
and flowered in May of the present year in a cold pit. 
Mr. Lindsay informs me that Mr. Max Leichtlin sent the 
plant to Edinburgh some years ago, that it has not yet 
flowered there in the open ground, and that it requires 
protection in winter, but from damp rather than from 

Desce. Stems densely tufted from a stout rootstock, 
nearly as thick as a swan's quill, and three to six inches 
long, upper parts densely leafy. Leaves two to four inches 
long, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, obscurely 
distantly denticulate, very coriaceous, smooth, dark green, 
glabrous and shiny above, beneath clothed with snow- 
white appressed tomentum ; nerves beneath few, obscure, 
and midrib green. Scape five to six inches high, slender, 
flexuous; bracts linear, green, lower one to two inches 
long, with recurved margins, white beneath. Involucre 
cylmdric, glabrous ; bracts many-seriate, linear, acuminate, 
appressed. Ray floivers thirty to forty, spreading but 
not recurved; margins recurved, tips minutely three- 
toothed. Disk flowers yellow. Stamens with obtuse bases. 
Achenes terete, silky ; pappus of few rigid unequal bristles. 
— J. D. H. 

Fig 1, Flower of ray ; 2, its pappus bristles ; 3, flower of disk ; 4, stamens 
5, style-arms of disk flower:-^ entarqed 



ViraentBrodksDay* Soiv 

Tab. 7135. 
IRIS (Juno) Rosenbachiaxa. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^. — Tribe Mo&X&M. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 636.) 

Iris (Juno) Rosenhachiana ; bolbo parum incrassato tunicis membranaceia, 
foliis 3-5 laneeolatia falcatis ad anthesin flore brcvioribus m;irginibus 
haud incrassatis, caulibus brevissimis 1-3-floris, spatha? valvis lanceolatis 
viridibus, peiianthii tubo elongato, limbo versicolori saepissime purpureo 
vel lilacino, segmentis exterioribus oblongo-cuneatis infra" apicem luteo 
carinatis ungue pulchre striato, segmentis interioribus parvis patulis 
oblanceolatis, styli cristis magnis oblique ovatis. 
I. Rosenbachiana, Regel Descr. pt. ix. p. 85; Gart^nfl. vol. xxxv. (1886), 

pp. 409, 617, t. 1227; Foster in G.vrd. Chron. 1887, vol. i. p. 90 ; 18S9, 

vol. i. p. 530 ; Garden, tab. 653, fig. 2. 

This is a new bulbous Iris, allied to persica, caiicasiro, 
OTchioides and palcFstina, which seems likely to be very 
popular. It was first found not many years ago by the 
Russian botanists on the mountains of Turkestan and 
Bokhara, at an elevation of from six thousand to nine 
thousand feet above sea-level, and has been widely dis- 
tributed by Dr. Ragel. Professor Foster says that 'it is 
quite hardy in England, and more variable in the colouring 
of the flower than any other species of the genus. Full 
details of the range of variation will be found in his two 
papers in the " Gardener's Chronicle," above cited. Our 
drawing was made partly from plants that flowered at Kew 
last February, and partly from material furnished by Pro- 
fessor Foster. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, little swollen, with thick root-fibres 
and membranous tunics. Produced leaves three to five, 
Httle falcate, lanceolate, short at the flowering time, finally 
six or eight inches long, one and a half or two inches 
broad ; margins little thickened. Stem very short, bear- 
ing one to three flowers. tSpathe-vahes lanceolate, about 
two inches long, green at the flowering time. Perianth- 
tube generally about three inches long, sometimes half a 
Septkmber 1st, 1890. 

foot ; limb two inches long, very variable in colour ; outer 
segments obovate-cuneate, with a reflexing blade shorter 
than the ascending claw, generally dark violet-purple 
towards the tip, with a slaty lilac claw with a bright 
yellow keel and darker lilac veins ; inner segments oblan- 
ceolate, concolorous, pale lilac, about an inch long, spread- 
ing horizontally. Style-branches above an inch long; 
crests very large, oblique ovate. — J". G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, An anther, front view; 2, an anther, back view; 3, apex of style, 
with crests : — all enlarged. 


U - s -<5d.J.N.Htdh,lith 


Tab. 7136. 
REINWARDTIA tetkagyna. 

Native of the East Indies. 

, Nat. Ord. Line^e. — Tribe Euline^e. 

Genus Eeinwardtia, Dumort; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 243.) 

Reinwardtia tetragyna ; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis oblanceolatisve acuminatis 
crenato-serratis, in petiolum brevem angustatis pallide viridibus, floribus 
in corymbos terminales sessiles dispositis, sepalis elliptico-lanceolatis 
acuminatis, petalis pallide aureis. 

R. tetragyna, Planch, in Hook. Pond. Journ. Pot. vol. vii. p. 523; Hook.f. Fl. 
Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 412 ; Rev. Hortic. vol. xiv. pp. 7 and 27, cum Ic. 

Linum tetragynum, Coteb. in Wall. Cat. No. 1506; Clarke in Journ. Linn. 
Soe. vol. xxv. p. 9 ; Collett in Proceedings of Simla Nat. Hist, Soc. 188fi 
(Clarke I. c). 

A very common inhabitant of the same parts of India as 
B. trigyna, figured in this work as Linum trigynum (see 
Plate 1100), and so closely allied to it, that it is doubtful 
whether intermediates may not prove them to be varieties 
of one. In the form here figured it is a very different- 
looking plant, with longer acuminate serrated leaves of a 
lighter colour, and paler yellow larger flowers than those 
of the form of L. trigynum now in cultivation, though a 
reference to the plate of this work cited above shows that 
as then cultivated the flowers of B. trigyna were quite as 
large. The character upon which the two species were 
both founded and named, that of three and four styles, is 
a very fallible one, for the styles of R. tetragyna vary from 
three to five. 

A more interesting point in the history of the Rein- 
wardtias is that of their trimorphic flowers as regards the 
relative lengths of their stamens and styles. That these 
organs were di- and trimorphic in various species of Linum 
proper was first indicated by Mr. Darwin, in papers com- 
municated to the Journal of the Linnean Society of London 
(vol. vi. p. 96, and vol. vii. p. 69), wherein the effects of their 
relative positions in respect of the fertilization by insects of 
the flowers and the amount of seeds produced, is worked 

September 1st, 1890. 

out with admirable skill. As regards 72. trigyna, its tri- 
morphism lias been described by Alefeldt (in Bot. Zeitung, 
1863, p. 28]), and by Urban (in Brandenb. Abhandl. 1880, 
p. 18). There is also in the Kew Herbarium a beautiful 
series of specimens showing the various modifications in 
the length of styles and stamens, prepared by Gen. 
Collett, F.L.S. (now commanding in Assam), and who, in a 
paper read before the Natural History Society of Simla, in 
1886, referring to B. trigyna and tetragyna, observes that 
the number of styles varies, and that the two species may 
not be distinct. 

B. tetragyna has been long in cultivation in Kew and 
elsewhere, and forms a far finer decorative plant for the 
conservatory than any form of B. trigyna hitherto intro- 

Descb. A glabrous shrub two to four feet in height, 
with terete branches and herbaceous branchlets. Leaves 
crowded near the tips of the branches, four to six inches 
long, spreading and decurved, elliptic lanceolate or 
oblanceolate, acuminate, obtusely serrulate or crenulate, 
narrowed into a short petiole, pale green ; nerves few, strong 
beneath, nervules reticulate ; stipules very minute. Flowers 
m terminal sessile corymbose cymes ; pedicels half to one 
inch long. Sepals five, two-thirds of an inch long, elliptic- 
lanceolate, acuminate, concave, smooth, erect. Flowers 
about two inches in diameter. Petals five, pale golden 
yellow, claws forming a tube longer than the calyx, each 
with a narrow membranous seed on the face; blade two- 
thirds to three-fourths of an inch long and broad, broadly 
obovate. Stamens five; filaments slender, erect, united at 
the base into a short tube, with a short filiform staminode 
between each, and five glands at the base of the tube. 
Ovary subglobose, three- to four-celled, each cell bilocel- 
late ; styles three to five, very slender, free or united slightly 
at the base, stigmas capitate; ovules one in eac elms. 
Capsule, globose, coriaceous, splitting into as mar per- 

fectly two-celled one-seeded cocci as there are styles. 
heeds angular, albumen a thin coat over the straight 
embryo.—-,/. J). H. 

Y t*\\ Calyx a ? d stamens ; 2, portion of base of tube of filament with one 
pertect stamen alternating with slender staminodes ; 4, transverse section of 
ovary -.—all enlarged. 

M.S del 

Tab. 7137. 
CARAGUATA angustifolia. 

Native of New Granada. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^:. — Tribe Tillandsie,e. 
Genus Caragtjata, Lindl.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 668.) 

Caragttata angustifolia ; acaulis, caaspitosa, f oliis pluribus linearibus acumi- 
natis obscure lepidotis facie canaliculars, pedunculo brevi foliis reductis 
occulto, floribus in spicarn brevera densam rnultifariam aggregates, bracteis 
splendide rubris inferioribus ovato-lanceolatis centralibus oblongis, calycis 
segmentis parvis oblongis, corollje lutese tubo cylindrico, segmentis brevi- 
bas oblongis obtusis, staminibus ad corollas faucem uniseriatis filamentis 
brevissimis, antheris primum connatis demum liberis. 

0. angustifolia, Baker in Gard. Ghron. K S. vol. xxii. p. 616; Handh. Bromel. 
p. 144. 

Guzmania Bulliana, Andre in Rev. ffort. 1886, p. 324. 
G. angustifolia, Wittm. in Engler Jahrh. vol. xi. p. 62. 

This is a very interesting and distinct dwarf Bromeliad. 
Both the bracts and flowers are brightly coloured, and keep 
so for a long time, and it differs greatly in habit from all its 
allies by its numerous narrow long-pointed leaves. Bo- 
tanically it forms a link of connection between Caraguata 
and Guzmania, which only differ from one another by the 
stamens of the latter being permanently syngenesious. It 
was first flowered at Kew in 1884, the plant being pre- 
sented by Messrs. Veitch, and gathered by Kalbreyer 
whilst collecting for them in New Granada. Our drawing 
was made from a plant that flowered at Kew this summer. 
It has also been collected by Lehmann at a height of 
four thousand feet above sea-level on the banks of the Bio 

Descb. Acaulescent, densely tufted. Leaves thirty or 
more in a rosette, linear acuminate from an ovate base, 
half a foot long, half an inch broad at the base of the 
blade, dull green, obscurely lepidote, channelled down the 
face. Peduncle three or four inches long, quite hidden bv 
the crowded stem-leaves. Spike dense, simple, multifarious; 
bracts large, bright scarlet, the outer ovate-lanceolate, 

September 1st, 1800. 

acuminate, the inner oblong. Calyx (including ovary) half 
an inch long; segments oblong, obtuse. Corolla lemon- 
yellow, two or two and a half inches long ; tube cylindrical ; 
segments oblong, obtuse. Stamens inserted in a single 
series at the throat "of the corolla-tube ; filaments .4y 
ft ! 5 n °? nnate m bud > free in the expanded flower. 

J&& &«ffly*tf ,&'.ys ;j-*| -£-. 3. - 


L.Heeve & C c London 

YmcentBvooks I 

Tab. 7138. 

NEPENTHES Curtisii. 

Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ol'd. NefEXTHACE.E. 

Genus Nepenthes, Linn. ; (Benth. etHook.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 1 1 ii ) 

Nepenthes Curtisii ; alte scandens, robusta, foliia junioribus petiolis et inflo- 
rescentia puberulis, foliis ascidiif'eris longe petiolatis lineari-oblongis basi 
rotundatis acutisve, apice acutis rotundatis v. 2-lobis, nervis obscui is, 
ascidiis 6-8 poll, longis sub cylindraceis viridibus purpureo marmoratis, 
alis (in foliis senioribus obsoletis) dentato-fimbriatis, ore ovato in colluru 
producto, peristomio lato recurvo tenuiter costato, operculo ovato- 
cordato dorso basi et antice infra apicem cornuto, costa intus basi in 
laminam brevein producta, pedunculo masc. gracili floribusque pubes- 
centibus, racemo elongato simplici laxe multifloro, bracteis minutis, pedi- 
cellis pollicaribus gracilibus, floribus h poll. diam. albis extus stellatitn 
puberulis, periantbii segtnentis ellipticis, staminum colunma segmentis 
paullo breviore, antheris ad 6-8 oblongis uniseriatis in capitulum de- 
pressnm connatis. 

N. Curtisii, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1887, vol. ii. pp. G81, 689, fig. 133. 

This appears to be a very distinct species. Dr. Masters, 
who has very carefully described flowerless specimens; 
suggests the possibility of its proving (when the flowers 
should be known) a form of N. Rafflesia/na (Plate 4285) ; 
but this last differs in the stout pitchers and raceme 
of dark red flowers and in the short anthers ; or of A . 
Boschiana, in which the stem is 3-angled, leaves scaberu- 
lous beneath and the male raceme shorter and denser fld. 
Its nearest ally appears to me to be N. Veitchii, mihi (A. 
villosa, of this work, t. 5080; not the true villosa), which 
has uniseriate anthers, and an operculum with a spur under 
its tip and a lamella at its base; but which differs in its 
very stout habit, and villosity, and in the much broader 
leaves and larger pitcher with a very broad peristome and 
broader wings, as also in the short stout dense-fld. 

The plant from which the figure of the inflorescence is 
taken was obtained from Messrs. Veitch, who imported 
the species through Mr. Curtis when collecting for their 
firm in Borneo. It flowered in the Royal (Jardens in 

< >< TOBXB 1st, 1890. 

January of this year. The pitcher itself was kindly sent 
by Mr. Veitch for figuring. 

Descr. A tall climber ; stem stout ; young parts petioles 
and inflorescence finely pubescent. Leaves long-petioled, 
linear-oblong, obtuse, six to eight inches long by two to 
four broad, thinly coriaceous, pale green, midrib yellow 
above, apex rounded, base acute narrowed into a stout 
petiole three to six inches long, and sheathing at the 
very base; cirrhus six to eight inches long, slender, yel- 
lowish mottled and streaked with red-brown. Pitcher in 
its most perfect, form eight to ten inches long by two 
broad, nearly cylinclric but narrowed towards the base, 
yellow-green mottled and marbled with red-brown ; mouth 
ovate, produced upwards into a beak, with a spine at the 
back ; peristome half an inch broad, very finely striated, 
brown, denticulate on the margin ; operculum orbicular- 
ovate, acute, margins waved, midrib with a long 
spme on the under surface underneath the tip, and a short 
rounded vertical lamella at the base ; wings continuous 
from the top to near the base of the pitcher^ne-fourth of 
an inch broad, margined with rather distant red soft seta3 
as long as the wing is broad ; pitcher, from lower leaves are 
more trumpet-shaped with narrow wings or none. Pedun- 
cle of male fl. four to six inches long, pubescent, green, as 
thick as a thin quill. Male raceme eight to ten inches 
long, unbranched, lax-fld., erect; rachis rather slender, 
green ; bracts minute ; pedicels an inch long, solitaiw or 
in pairs, slender, pubescent, Male flowers half an inch in 
diameter, white ; sepals elliptic, obtuse, reflexed, pubescent 
without, glabrous and glandular within. Staminal column 
nearly as long as the segments of the perianth ; anthers 
about six or eight, oblong, uniseriate in a depressed 

Fig. 1, Flower bud ; 2, flower -.-both entaraed. 



M. S.deU.TJRtchlith 


Tad. 7139. 

VANDA Amesiana. 

Native of Cambodia- 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Tribe Vandejj. 
Genus Vanda, Br.; (Benth. et Hvok.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 578.) 

Vanda Amesiana ; caule brevi radicibusquecrassis, foliis crassis rigidis semi- 
teretibus supra concavis v. profunde canaliculatis junioribus pugioni- 
formibus a basi semiatnplexicaule ad apicera acutam sensim attenuates, 
racerro valido s-implici v. nmoso stricto viridi purpureo maculato lare 
multifloro, bracteis parvis, floribus 1-1^- poll, diametro, sepalis petalisque 
ovato-obiongis obtusis subsimilibus albidis, labello sepalis breviore late 
panduriformi albo roseo striato lobis lateralibua brevibus rotundatis, 
terminali late cuneato truncato undulato lateribns deflexis, disco 5-carinato 
carinis intra apicem obsoletis basi in callum qnadratum postice lobatura 
reflexum desinentibus, calcare brevi conico obtuso. 

V. Amesiana, Beichb. f. in Gard. Chron. 1887, i. p. 764 (name only); 1881>, 
i. 233; Warner Sf Willi mux Orchid. All. vol. vii. t. 296. 

I find no published description of this plant by Reichen- 
bach ; the first notice of it which I have discovered is 
under " Orchid Notes and Gleanings " in the 1887 volume 
of the " Gardener's Chronicle." There is however a very 
lair figure with description in Warner and Williams' Orchid 
Album, though the figure gives no more idea than does ours 
of the great size and number of the panicles that the plant 
bears. According to the accounts given of an imported 
lot in the " Gardener's Chronicle," the inflorescence attains 
a height of two feet six inches, and one imported specimen 
is described as bearing eight panicles and 600 flower buds. 
Reichenbach suggests that there may have been more than 
one species in that imported lot, but I know of no confirm- 
ation of this hypothesis. 

V. Amesiana is a remarkable species, differing from all 
others known to me in the enormously stout stem and roots, 
and the hard rigid leaves, the young of which are strict 
and like poinards with a groove down the blade, the older 
are broader and recurved, concave on the upper surface 
and terete on the back. The flowers are sweet-scent. 

The specimen here figured was procured from Messrs. 

Octobkr 1st, 1890. 

Hugh Low and Co. of Clapton in 1888, and flowered in 
January of this year. 

Descb. Stem two to three inches or more long, cylindric, 
as thick as the thumb, greenish-brown ; stem-roots short, 
white, one to two inches long, fully one-third of an inch m 
diameter. Leaves close set, very fleshy and rigid, narrowed 
from the semiamplexicaul base to the acute tip, the younger 
four to six inches long and poinard-shaped with a groove 
down the centre, the older longer, six to eight inches, 
recurved, semi-terete with a concave face and rounded back, 
the margins rounded dark green. Peduncle stout, erect, 
with the strict simple or branched twenty to eighty 
flowered racemes ten to twenty-four inches long ; peduncle 
and rachis green blotched with red-brown. Bracts short, 
semicircular, white. Flowers one to one and a half inches 
diam. ; perianth white with faint rosy ridges on the lip ; 
pedicel with ovary one inch long, white streaked with rose 
on the ribs of the latter. Sepals and petals subsimilar, 
ovate-oblong, very obtuse. Lip nearly as long as the 
sepals, broadly cuneate, truncate, undulate; side lobes 
small, rounded, white; mid-lobe with decurved sides and 
five ridges on the disk, which are not continued to the 
margin in front, and behind converge into a quadrate 
reflexed callus with crenate tip which lies between the 
lateral lobes; spur pointing backwards, short, conical, white. 
Column short, thick, white ; anther small, obtusely beaked ; 
polhma globose, strap linear, rather broad, gland broad, 
semicircular. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, column ; 3, anther ; 4 and 5, pollinia .—all enlarged. 



, &Sor 

RfiSve St C° Londr 

Tab. 7140. 
IRIS Danfordije. 

Native of Armenia. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^. — Tribe MoRiEEiE. 
Genus Iris, Linn.; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 636.) 

Iris (micropogon) Banfordice ; bulbo anguste ovoideo, tunicis elongatis pallide 
brunneis arete intertextis,radicibus fibrosis, foliis 2-3 hysteranthiis anguste 
linearihus glabris 4-gonis angulis costatis, scapo brevissimo, spathoe uni- 
florae valvis 2 linearibus membranaceis, pedicello ovario cylindraceo axjui- 
longo, perianthii pallide aurantiaci tubo 1\ pollicari, segmentis extenonbus 
oblougo-spathulatis lamiua oblonga obtusa v. acuta reflexa obscure bar- 
bata v. nuda sparse fusco v. viridi punctata, interioribus minimis subulatis 
porrectis, styli ramis luteis perianthium subsequantibus bifidis lobis 
dimidiato-ovatis acutis, staminibus * poll, longis, antheris lmeanbus 
citrinis filamento longioribus. 

I. Danfordiae, Baker in Journ. Bot. 1876, p. 265. 

I. Bornmuelleri, Haussk. in Flora, 1889, p. 140. 

I. Amasiana, Born, in Matter. Gardn. Zeit. (ex Haussk. in sched,). 

Iris Banfordice was discovered by the lady whose name 
it bears, on the Cilician Taurus, in the beginning of March, 
1875, at an elevation of about four thousand feet, The 
exact spot was on the northern side of the Amascha Moun- 
tain, which is a continuation of the Ala Dagh range. In 
1889 it was gathered in the same mountains by Herr 
Bornmueller, Inspector of the Belgrade Botanical Gardens, 
and dedicated in the same year by Haussknecht, to that 
traveller, with the observation that I. DanforJw difters 
from it in the thin texture of the tunic of its bulb, a dis- 
tinction that the specimens do not confirm. 

The specimen figured was grown from roots sent by 
Herr Max Leichtlin in 1889, and flowered in a cool 
frame in the Royal Gardens in February of this year. 
Flowers have also been communicated by Mr. Gumbleton, 
and leaves by Baron von St. Paul, of Fischbach, in Silesia. 
It is very fragrant. . ■, 

Descr. Dwarf. Root narrowly ovoid, about an men 
long, clothed with a subcylindric tunic one to one and a 
half inch long, of pale brown interlaced fibres, that reach 

October 1st, 1890. 

the same height, and form a truncate mouth to the tunic ; 
roots fibrous. Flowering stem two to four inches high, 
closely invested with many obtuse or subacute imbricating 
pale sheaths. Leaves produced after flowering, twice as 
long as the flowering stem, narrowly linear, hollow, four- 
angled, with thickened angles, tip suddenly contracted into 
an oblique cusp. Scape very short. Spathes two, linear, 
membranous, one-flowered ; pedicel about as long as the 
cylindric ovary. Perianth about an inch and a half in 
diameter ; tube an inch and a half long ; outer segments 
oblong-spathulate, obtuse or acute, orange-yellow, with a 
few brown or greenish spots ; upper third reflexed ; disk 
with an obscure beard or none ; inner segments minute, with 
subulate tips that project between the base of the outer. 
btylens long as the perianth, golden yellow, bifid; lobes 
semi-ovate, acute. Stamens with linear yellow anthers, 
which are larger than the filaments.— J. D. H. 

t^^^ttZ^T of leaf ; 2> sfcamen; 3 ' porfcioa o£ style showiag 

Tab. 7141. 
CLEKODENDBON panioulats*. 

Native of Eastern Tropical Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Verbenace.e.— Tribe YrtlCMM. 
Genus ClerodendrOxV, Linn.; (Benth. it Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol ii. p. 1 155.) 

Clerodendron pamculatiim ; fruticosum, pnberulum, ramis teretiusculis, 
ramuhs 4-goms, foliis inferioribus amplis lcmge petiolatis orbiculatis 
nastatisve acummatis cuspidatisve profunde cordatis lobw incanibentibaa 
breviter 5-lobis lobis acutis basi trinerviis, supra luete viridibus, subtus sub 
lente creberrime Iepidotis, axillis fimbriatis, supremis sessilibus, paniculse 
ramis bracliiatis apices versus cymoso-multifloris, inferioribus en 
supremis decurvis, floribus coccineis flavis v. albidis, cabycis parvi 
mentis oblongis obtnsis, corollas hypocrateriformis tubo gracili calyce 
plunes longiore, limbi lobis subaequalibus patentibus oblongis obtains, 
nlamentis corolla multoties longioribus, antheris parris, ovario glaberrimo, 
stigmatibus angustis. 
C. panicnlatura, Linn. Mant. p. 90; Ait. Sort. Kew. Jul. 2, vol. iv. p. 64 ; 
Vahl. Symh. vol. ii. p. 74; Bot. Beg. t. 406; Reichb. Ft. Exot. t. 208; 
Schauer in DC. JProdr. vol. xi. p. 668; Clarke in FL Brit. Ind. vol. iv. 
p. 693. F 

C. splendidum, Wall. Cat. No. 1803. 
Volkameria angulata, Lour. Fl. Cochin, p. 389. 

A very widely distributed shrub in Eastern Asia, and a 
great ornament, whether in the jungle or in gardens. In 
Eastern India proper it ranges from Tenasserim southwards 
throughout the Malayan Peninsula; whence it extends to 
Java, Siam, Cochin China, Eastern China and For- 
mosa. It varies a good deal in the form of the l< 
from orbicular in outline to hastate, and in colour from 
its usual scarlet to white or yellowish. The panicles are 
often a foot and more high, and almost as broad. Accord- 
ing to Ker, who published an excellent figure and descrip- 
tion of it in the Botanical Register, it was introduced into 
England in 1809, from Penang, by Mr. Evan, of Stepney. 

Seeds of C. paniculatum were sent to Kew early in 
1888 by G. M. H. Playfair, Esq., H.B.M. Consul at 
Taiwan^ in Formosa, which germinated, and the plants 
grew so rapidly in a stove that by the end of September in 
the following- year tiny had formed a branching shrub two 

OCTOBKB l«, ; 

feet high, and bore the brilliant inflorescence here repre- 

Descr. A branching puberulous shrub, two to three feet 
high, with terete green stems and herbaceous four-angled 
branches, bearing spreading panicles of scarlet flowers ; in- 
ternodes of branches and panicles fimbriate. Leaves three 
to six inches in diameter, orbicular or hastately cordate, 
acuminate or cuspidate, shortly, broadly, acutely five-lobed, 
base three nerved and deeply cordate with overlapping 
lobes, bright green above, beneath pale, and clothed with 
minute lepidote scales ; upper leaves small, shortly petioled 
or sessile. Panicle a span to a foot long, and nearly as 
broad, with leafy bracts at the internodes ; rachis green, 
tetragonous ; branches opposite, three to six inches long, 
the lower pairs suberect, the upper horizontal and droop- 
ing, all bearing towards their apex a many-fld. cyme of 
drooping usually scarlet flowers with subulate bracteoles ; 
pedicels rather short. Calyx segments snbequal, one-sixth 
of an inch long, oblong, obtuse. Corolla tubes half an 
inch long, slender, terete, three or fonr times as long as the 
calyx ; limb of five oblong obtuse spreading lobes about as 
long as the tube. Stamens two to three times as long as 
the corolla ; filaments very slender, scarlet ; anthers small, 
greenish. Ovary glabrous ; style slender, stigmatic arms 
subulate.— J.D.H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of under surface of leaf ; 2, lepidote scale from the same ; 
-J, portion of calyx and ovary ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, style :— all enlarged. 

Tab. 7142. 
SACCOLABIUM belllwat. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide;e.— Tribe Vande^. 
Genus Saccolabium, Blume; (Benth. et Hooh.f. Gen, PI. vol. iii. p. b78.) 

Saccolabium (Calceolaria) bellinum ; caule brevi robusto, foliis loriformibis 
medio canaliculate apice 2-fidis lobis inasqualibus obtusis, pedunculo 
brevi crasso multifloro, floribus corymbosia 1-1* poll, latis, sepalia petalis- 
que Bubsimihbus crassis obovatis obtusis aurantiacis rubro-purpureo 
maculatis, labelli sacco he nispherico, lobis lateralibus nnllis, limbo lunato 
aibo basi aureo rubro maculato margine eroso, disco antice aspero postice 
spmuus molhbua dense obsito, columna brevissima crassa, rostello brevi 
recurvo, anthera 2-loba. 

S. bellinum, BeicU.f. in Gard. Ghron. 1884, vol. i. p. 174, and 1887, vol i 
p. 145; Warner $ Williams's Orchid. Alb. t. 156 ; Hook. Fl. Brit. Ind 
vol. vi. p. 61 (ined.) 

oaccolabium bellinum belongs to the section Calceolaria, 
which consists of eighty or more species, distinguished by 
their short stems, lorate rather flaccid leaves, and short 
stout peduncles bearing corymbs of flowers of a very uni- 
form structure; the petals and sepals are subsimilar, equal 
and fleshy, obovate, obtuse, yellow, and usually more or 
less blotched with red or purple; the lip consists of a 
bucket-like sac, the mouth of which is truncate or raised 
on either side with short side lobes or ears, and the limb 
or midlobe of the lip is horizontal and lunate, embracing 
the anterior part of the sac just below its mouth, and 
having an erose or fimbriate margin, and thickened, 
smooth, or echinate and ciliate disk. As thus defined the 
section is well distinguished from all other Saccolabia, 
except section Acampe, which differs chiefly in having a 
longer stem, rigid keeled leaves and a more strongly 
tubercled or thickened midlobe of the lip. Lindley, indeed, 
regards Acampe as a genus, no doubt overlooking the fact 
that its most essential characters were those of the Calceo- 
laria section of Saccolabium. 

All the species of the Calceolaria section are natives of 
tropical India and the Malayan Peninsula and Islands ; two 

October 1st, 1890. 

have been previously figured in this work, namely, 8. 
denticulatum (Plate 4772), which is possibly not the plant 
first published under that name in Paxton's Magazine 
(v. vii. t. 145), having a thickly fimbriate midlobe of the 
lip. 2, S. bigibbum (Plate 5767), a species with much 
shorter leaves, unspotted flowers and a fimbriate lip with 
a smooth disk that bears a two-lobed callus. $. bellinum 
is much the largest flowered species of the section, if not 
of the genus ; it was first sent from Burma by the collector 
Boxall, and is, as yet, only known as a cultivated plant. 
The specimen here figured was purchased at an auction in 
1 884 ; it flowers yearly in early spring, and remains in 
this condition for a month or more. 

Desce. Stem three to four inches long, as thick as a 
swan's quill. Leaves close set, distichous, four to eight 
inches long, lorate, deeply unequally bifid, channelled 
above, pale green. Peduncle short, stout, recurved, dark 
green speckled with brown. Flowers one to one and a 
quarter inches in diameter, corymbose ; bracts short, oblong, 
obtuse, brown ; pedicel with ovary two-thirds of an inch 
long, stout. Perianth segments spreading and incurved, 
fleshy, obovate-oblong, obtuse, yellow, blotched with red- 
brown or purplish brown. Lip a hemispheric, yellowish, 
spotted fleshy sac with a truncate mouth, and a lunate 
white limb with a yellow spotted thickening at the very 
base, margin of limb erose, surface echinulate, the pro- 
cesses risinginto long erect soft papillse or spines at the 
base of the limb. Column very short and thick, rostellum 
short, recurved; anther two-lobed; pollinia globose, strap 
linear ; gland bifid.— J. D H 

4, po!l4^-^ n eX^. ; 2 ' ^^ ° f C ° 1Umn WUh P ° 1Unia iU SUU '' °' aCtber 5,J.:NPitchlilLh 

Tab. 71-13. 
ACINETA densa. 

Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:.— Tribe Yandex, 
Genus Acineta, Lindl.; (Bentk. et Kcok.f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 551.) 

Acineta densa ; pseudobulbis ellipsoideis, foliis oblanceolatis acutis plicatis, 
peduncnlo brevi, racemo elongato multi- et densifloro pendulo, bracteis 
oblongis pallidis punctatis, floribus magnis flavis, sepalis late ovato- 
oblotigis obtusis concavis, petalis minoribus obovato-oblongis obtusis 
pallide maculatis, labelli aurei maculati breviter unguiculati hypochilo 
concavo intus versus apicem dente obtuso aucto, lobis lateralibus amplis 
erectis subreniforniibus basi angustatis, lobo terminali parvo lineari- 
oblongo incurvo apice dilatato supra concavo basi contracto verruccoso ■ 
plagis magnis sanguineo-rnbris ornato, disco inter lobos laterales callo 
magno late 3-carinato et postice et antice crenato instructo, columna 
elongata crassa dorso pubescente antice maculata superne 2-alata. 

A. densa, Lindl. in Paxt. FT. Gard. vol. i. p. 91, fig. 63; Bnchb.f. in Walp. 
Ann. vol. i. p. 784, vol. iii. p. 546, vol. vi. p. 610 ; Orchid. Amer. 
P. 21, t. 3 ; Floral Magaz. vol. i. p. 16. 

A. Warscewiczii, Klotzseh in Allg. Gartenzeit. 1852, p. 145. 

A magnificent orchid, from the great length of its many- 
flowered raceme, which attains three feet, its large flowers 
and their colour, which is a clearer yellow than any of 
the genus hitherto described except A. chrysantha. 
Lindley regarded it as nearest to A. Banksii, from which 
it differs in its more concave hypochile, with the tooth 
not warted at the base, in its remarkably warted epichile, 
its long column, and other characters. It is a native 
of Tulialba in Costa Eica, whence it was sent by the late Mr. 
Skinner in 1849 to the Eoyal Horticultural Society. Under 
Luedd emannia Fescatorei, Plate 7123, I made some obser- 
vations on that genus, and on Peristeria and Acineta and 
their allies, in which I have stated that the latter genus is 
distinguished by its short thick column ; but this charac- 
ter must, I fear, be given up as distinctive, for the column 
°f A. densa is as long and hardly more stout than that of 
the above cited Lueddemannia, as a comparison of the two 
ngures will show. The fact is that the columns are not 
*ell represented in the published figures of several Acmetas ; 

^OV£MF5ER 1ST, 1890. 

and where it is, this organ is decidedly short and thick. 
If Lueddemannia is to be kept generically separated from 
Acineta the characters must be drawn from the form of the 
calli and side lobes of the lip, which in my opinion are only 
sufficient for sectional purposes, when the habit and other 
characters are the same. A. densa flowered simultaneously 
in the Glasnevin Botanical Gardens and at Kew, in October 
of last year. The portion of a raceme here figured is from 
the former source, the foliage from the latter. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs tufted, three to lour inches long, 
narrowly ellipsoid or fusiform, smooth, sheathed at the 
base. Leaves three to four on the pseudobulb, twelve to 
eighteen inches long by two to three inches broad, obian- 
ceolate, acute, bright green, plaited. Peduncle short, 
stout, sheathed ; raceme two to three feet long, very many 
and dense-fld., pendulous ; rachis stout, green ; bracts 
half an inch long, oblong, acute, pale brown, speckled ; 
pedicel with ovary an inch long, very stout ; flowers pale 
golden yellow, perianth connivent. Sepals nearly two 
inches long, ovate-oblong, obtuse, fleshy, very concave. 
Petals smaller, more obovate, concave, speckled with red 
round the edges, and with larger scattered pale spots over 
the surface. Lip very thick and fleshy, rather' longer than 
the petals ; claw or hypochile broad, short, concave ; side 
lobes large, subreniform, erect, concave, narrowed at the 
base, spotted like the petals ; mid-lobe much smaller and 
shorter than the side lobes, very thick and fleshy, narrow, 
incurved with a rather dilated subquadrate concave tip, 
golden yellow with large prunella blotches towards the 
base; disk with a long saddle-like three-ridged callus 
betAveen the side lobes, which has crenate truncate ends. 
Column long, stout, pubescent, with rounded wings above 
the middle ; anther small ; pollinia pyriform ; strap linear, 
gland rather small.— J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lip and column seen laterally; 2, the same viewed from above; 
3, column 4, pollinia -.—all enlarged. 


Tab. 7144 
EUOHARIS Bakbbiana. 

Native of the United States of Columbia, 

Nat. Ord. Amautllide^;. — Tribe Amaryli.e.e. 
Genus Euchabis, Planch. ; {Benth. et Rook./. Gen. PL vol.iii. p. 731.) 

Euchams Bakeriana; bulbis ovoideis, foliis 8-12-pollicaribns ellipticis v. 
elliptico-lanceolatis acutis multistriatis saturate viridibus in petiolntn 
crassum elongatum basi angustatis, scapo subcompresso glauco, umbella 
4-6 flora, spathis 2, 1-2 pollicaribus elongato-lanceolatis, pedieellis \-l 
pollicaribus, perianthii tubo l|-pollicari albo medio decurvo cylindraceo 
superne infuudibulari, limbo 2£ poll, diamet. segmentis ovatis obtnsis v. 
subacutis recurvis albis, interioribus paullo majoi'ibus, staminum coroa;o 
lobis rotundatis retusis albis medio pallide stramineis, filamentis subnlatis, 
antheris linearibus, ovario depresso trilobo basi et apice intruso viridi, 
loculis pauci-ovulatis. 

E. Bakeriana, iV r . E. Br. in Gard. Chron. 1890, vol. i. p. 416, fig. 61. 

Eucharis grandiflora, figured at Plate 4971 (better known 
as E. amazonica), and E. Candida, Planch, were for many 
years the only recorded species of the genus. Seven are 
now known, all natives of the Andes of Columbia, and .-ill 
having the same characters of habit and foliage. I am 
indebted to Mr. J. G. Baker, P.R.S., for the following 
resume of them. Of these seven, E. subedeniata, Benth. 
{Caliphruria edentata, Baker in Bot. Mag. t. 0289) may be 
recognized at a glance by its small flowers. E. Sanderii, 
Baker (in Bot. Mag. t. 6676) differs from all of the other 
fine large-flowered species in the staminal cup being almost 
wholly adnate to the tube of the perianth. E. Lehmannu 
Begel (in Gartenfl. t. 1300, f. 1) has two very large teeth 
on either side of the free part of the filament. E. Masterm, 
Baker (in Bot. Mag. t. 6631) has only a very narrow free 
staminal tube ; it may be a hybrid between grandiflora and 
Sanderii. E. Candida, Planch, (in Flora des Serres, t. 788) 
has much smaller flowers than E. grandiflora or Bakeriama, 
together with nearly free filaments, that are quadrate at 
the base. E. grandiflora, Planch, (in Bot, Mag. t. 407] 
E. amazonica, Hort. Lind.), the best known species, bas 
large flowers and a broad staminal tube, with the k 
connate nearly throughout. Lastly E. r><>krri>nia has, 

^OVtJXBEK 1ST, 1890. 

speaking broadly, tlie perianth of grandiflora and the 
stamen of Candida. 

The specimen of E. Bdkeriana here figured was sent to 
Kew in January arid again in May of this year, in full 
flower, by Messrs. F. Sander and Co., of St. Albans, by 
whom it was introduced into cultivation. 

Dbsoe. Bulb ovoid, sheathed with brown scales. Leaves 
four to five, stoutly petioled ; blade ten to eighteen inches 
long by three to six inches broad, elliptic, subacute or 
acuminate, narrowed into a petiole, closely striate by many 
obscure nerves, very dark green ; petiole about as long as 
the blade. Scape ten to eighteen inches high, as tbick as 
a swan's quill, slightly compressed, smooth, green ; spathes 
two, narrowly lanceolate from a broad base, two to three 
inches long ; umbels four- to six-flowered ; pedicels oue 
half to two inches, stout, green. Flowers two and a half 
inches in diameter, pure white ; tube of perianth one and 
a half inches long, slender, decurved from below the middle, 
funnel-shaped at the base of the six spreading ovate or 
oblong subacute or obtuse segments ; the inner segments 
rather the longer and more elliptic. Staminal crown free 
to the base of the segments ; of six filaments with rounded 
or retuse coherent bases, and suddenly contracted into 
subulate upper halves ; anthers linear. Ovary depressed, 
intruded at the base and top, deeply three-lobed, three- 
celled ; style slender, stigma shortly 3-lobed ; ovules few 
in each cell. — J. I). H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, stamens ; 3, style and stigma ; 4, transverse section of 
ary :— all enlarged. 

ovary -.—all enlarged. 

Tab. 7145. 

iris sindjaeensis. 

Native of Mesopotamia. 

Nat. Ord. Iride.u. — Tribe Mor-ee^e. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. iii. p. 63G.) 

Iris (Juno) sindjarensis ; bulbo oblongo tunicis membranaceis, foliis distichis 
lanceolatis confertis firmis viridibus, caule brevissimo 1-2-cepbalo foliis 
occulto, spathse valvis exterioribus lanceolatis viridibus, perianthii 
lilacini tubo elongato, segmentis exterioribus oblongo-cuneatis crista lutea 
inconspicua carinatis, segmentis interioribus oblongo-unguiculatis parvis 
deflexis, styli cristis ovatis imbricatis reflexis. 

I. sindjarensis, Boiss. et HaussJc. in Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. v. p. 422. 

This is another of the bulbous species of Iris allied to 
caucasica, orchioides, and palcestina. It is distinguished by 
its short stem, crowded green lanceolate leaves, and lilac 
flowers. It was discovered about 1865 in Mesopotamia by 
Dr. Haussknecht, in one of those journeys which have added 
so much to our knowledge of Oriental plants. Much later 
it was introduced into cultivation by our esteemed corre- 
spondent, Herr Max Leichtlin of Baden Baden ; and our 
drawing was made from a plant which he sent to the Royal 
Gardens which flowered in a cool frame last February. 

Descr. Rootstock an oblong bulb, with cylindrical root- 
fibres ; outer tunics membranous. Produced leaves about 
eight, crowded, lanceolate, distichous, acuminate, firm, 
bright green, an inch broad. Stem very short, hidden by 
the leaves, bearing one or two clusters of flowers ; spathes 
two inches long ; outer valves lanceolate, pale green at the 
flowering time. Perianth slaty lilac ; tube protruded about 
an inch from the spathe ; outer segments oblong cuneate, 
two inches long, under an inch broad, slaty lilac with 
radiating lines of darker lilac, and with an inconspicuous 
yellow crest down the lower two-thirds ; inner segments 
oblong-unguiculate, an inch long, drooping from between 
the claws of the outer segments. Style-branches half an 
inch broad; crests ovate, imbricated, reflexed — «/. Cr. 

Fig. 1, Front view of anther ; 2, back view of anther ; 3, apex of style with 
8tigma and crests:— oM enlarged. 
November 1st, 1890. 


M. S.del.J.NPttchlith. 


LReeve &_ C? Xorud on. 

Tab. 7146. 
ARUNDINARIA Simoni. Var. variegata. 
Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Gbamine.e. — Tribe Bambuseje. 
Genus Arundinaria, Michaux; (Benth. tt Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. iii. p. 1207.) 

Arundinakia Simoni ; culmis coespitosis gracilibus 12-40-pedalibus, ramulis 
fastigiatis gracillimis teretibus superne floriferis, foliis 6-8 poll, lougis 
\-\ poll, latis breviter petiolatis auguste linearl-lanceolatis attennato 
acuminatis minute tessellatis basi attenuatis acutis subtus v. 
costa minutissime ciliolata, marginibus serrulate, vaginis ciliatis, ore 
pilis elongatis caducis iustructa, ligula brevissima ciliolata, epicia sim- 
plicibus rarius divisis suberectis graoile pedunculatis, racbi puberula, 
spiculis 6-10 subremotis $-£ poll longis uninoris, gluma inferiore vacua 
solitaria lanceolata acuminata 5-nervi, palea glunue asquilonga ciliata, 
lodiculis ciliolatis, sty lis 2 basi brevissime c^nnatis. 

A. Simoni, Riviere in Bull. Soc. d'Acclimat. 1878, p. 774, figs. 43-50. Les 
7 Bambous, p. 286, figs. 43-47, and p. 288, figs. 4-50, and p. 295. 

A. Fortunei, Fenzi in Gard, Chron. 1876, vol. ii. p. 773, and Munro I. c. p. 774 
(sine descrij)t.) (nun. JZiv.) 

Bambusa Simoni, Carr. 

Var. variegata, foliis viridibua albo striatis. 

Arundinaria Simoni was first described under that name 
by Riviere in 8178, from specimens cultivated at Algiers, 
and which had been sent there from the Jardin des Plantes 
at Paris. It was introduced (in 1862) into the latter esta- 
blishment from China, by Consul Eugene Simon, with 
the information that it was a native of Japan. It had, 
before it flowered, been known as Bambusa Simoni, Carnere. 
The same plant, in a flowering state, and under the name 
of Bambusa Simoni, was sent in 1876 to M. Fenzi of 
Florence, and to Colonel Munro in this country. These 
gentlemen, confounding it with a plant introduced by 
Fortune from Japan, and which was known in gardens 
as Bambusa Fortunei, agreed in proposing for_ it the name 
of Arundinaria Fortunei, but gave no description. The 
name A. Fortunei cannot therefore take precedence of 
Simoni ; added to which there is no evidence that Fortune 
ever saw A. Simoni, and very good evidence that what he 
introduced was a different species. 

KbVBMBBB 1st. 1890. 

The plant introduced by Fortune is described (as to 
foliage only) and figured by Van Houtte (Flore des Serres, 
t. 1535) in 1863, that is soon after Fortune's return from 
his last journey to Japan and China, as " Bamb. Fortunei, 
foliis niveo-vittatis." Van Houtte says of it, " a charming 
plant, which we find at Mr. John Standish's, amongst the 
plants brought by Robert Fortune from China," The figure 
represents a dwarf plant with long cilia on the margin of 
the leaf, which is rounded at the base. Of this, now 
one of the most generally cultivated of all the hardy 
Bamboos, the flower is unknown ; it is common in Japan, 
whence herbarium species have been sent by various col- 
lectors, and it is readily to be distinguished from B. Simoni 
by the different habit, broader leaves, finely hairy under- 
neath, and more rounded at the base. It is probably, as 
Miquel has suggested (Ann. Bot. Lugd. Bat, ii. 285) B. 
variegata, Siebold; it is the Arundinaria Fortunei, foliis 
variegatis, of Riviere (in Bull. Socr. d'Acclimat. 1878, p! 797) 
who says of it that in Algeria it grows only twenty to 
twenty-four inches in height, with culms one-sixteenth to 
one-eighth of an inch in diam., and has the habit of a Pha- 
lans. _ It is B. pida, Sieb. and Zucc. (not of Lindley) 
according to specimens collected by Siebold in Japan, and 
which are preserved in the Kew Herbarium. According 
to the Kew collector Oldham, it is common, quite wild, on 
lulls behind Kanagawa. 

It may be well to call attention here to two published 
allied species of Bamboo of which the flowers are unknown, 
f ion a 7 B ' an J ente °- str i a ta, Regel. Gartenfl, 1865, 363, 
t. 4J0 f 5 (a miserable drawing of a single leaf). It is 
described as having culms four to five feet high, and as 
thick as a swan's quill, quite glabrous leaves with rounded 
bases, and as differing from B. Fortunei in the want of hairs 
on the margm and nerves of the leaves. It was introduced 
t>y lUaximowicz from gardens in Japan, and may be only 

A i""'m it e otller is B - viridi-striata, Sieb. mss. ex 
Andre, 111. Horticol. vol. xix. p. 319, t. 108, introduced from 
Japan apparently by both Siebold and Maximovicz, it has 
snort slender brittle culms, and leaves broader than those 
ot bimom and Fortunei, striped gold and green, and with 
a rounded or even cordate base. 
A. Simoni is a hardy tufted bamboo, in this country 

(Lco^i y^ts^V 1 ^ -br+W^ 



Tab. 7147. 
Native of Tropical America. 

Nat. Oni Cacteje.— Tribe Qfdhum. 
Genus P MBSKIA> mUf {J]enth ct ffookf Ge7K pi ^ . ? m) 

pulvinis dense'tom^t a T ?%**' Sa3pe subscandens, ramnlis robustis, 
nncinatic S^; ^i? t ? SIS 1 f kbn ? ve ' s P inis rectis et elongatis v. parvis et 
ovatisve'et baL? Si- elll P t . lcls ehiptico-lanceolatisve raping obovatis 
numerosifollLn 1 S '.- Cy ^ 18 multffloris, calycis tnbo spinosis, petalis 
5 fusiforSiW T, Tt 18 ° btusis ^acntisverarius retnsis, stigmatibus 
P H i 7 r globosa sepala foliacea gerente oligospermia 

p\ ] ° n g?spina, Haworth I. c. 198. 

GritS 01 *? »' ?"%??*! in *****&- Bavr. AJcad. p. 696; 

SS."Srt!&^ p!lbl 03 ; flMW? ' FL Antul 70h iv - p - 2M; Forst - 

• Sacharosa, Griseb. in Goett. Abhandl. vol. xxiv. p. 141. 

actus Pereskia, Linn, Sp. PL p. 671 ; Ait. Hort. Xew, Ed. 2, vol. iii. p. 180. 

• -ferrescia, Sprmg. Sytl. Veg. vol. ii. p. 498 (excl, syn. Bieo). 
p Sarmen tosus, &c, Bron-n Hist. Jam. p. 237. 

We jfe a / C ™x ta £? re albo ' &c -> «»». -»<*>• #*». p. 35, t. 26; M^ Garci. 
Cliff, p 183 '' Dlllen - Sbrt ' EUlimn. p. 305, t. 217, f. 294; Linn. Hort. 

PortuJacca Americana, &c, Pluk. Aim. p. 135, t. 215, f. 6. 

alas Americana, spinosa, &c, Commel. Hort. Med, vol. i. p. 135, t. 30. 
<*rossularia fructu, &c, Sloane Jam. Hist. vol. ii. p. 86 ; Bay Hist. PL vol iii. ; 
■Dendr. p. 27, No. 5. 

bn2, a «V*u m S, B * Gr °sseille des Barbades of the French ; Barbadoes gooseberry- 
n ot the English ; Blad apple of the Dutch ; Sacharosa in Argentine prov. 

Though one of the very earliest introduced of tropical 
shrubs, having been cultivated in the Royal Gardens of 
Wampton Court in 1696, and ever since in botanical estab- 
lishments, Pereskia aculeata is, from its ragged habit, sickly 
green foliage, and shyness of flowering, a very little known 
plant amongst horticulturists. At Kew it has been culti- 
vated ever since the foundation of that establishment, but 
there is no record of its having flowered till last year, when 
» plant trained up a rafter of the Succulent House did bo 
On the month of October), and that is here figured. 

TWw.., , 

November 1st, 1890. 

P. aculeata is a very variable plant in habit, foliage, the 
number of petals, and their colour. It forms a straggling 
or climbing bush or- small tree, the branches of which have 
been described as twining, though more generally it climbs 
by means of the spines, which are hooked on young branches, 
but long and straight in old ; the spines are seated on 
small cushions, which in the older parts are densely 
tomentose. The bark of the trunk and even young 
branches is pale and corky. The leaves vary from obovate 
or almost orbicular to elliptic-lanceolate. The flowers, which 
are one and a half inches in diameter, have the petals pure 
white, rosy, or yellowish white with a rosy blush (as in 
those here figured). The fruit is the size of a small goose- 
berry, globose, yellowish, transparent, few-seeded, and 
covered with small spreading leaves, which are the free 
tips of the sepals. The leaves are used as a pot herb in 
Brazil, and the berries are eaten throughout the tropics of 
America. I am not aware that the plant is cultivated for 
its fruit, it being rather, like our bramble, an inhabitant of 
waste places. Grisebach's P. Sacharosa (the native name 
in the Argentine provinces) is identical with P. aculeata. 
I he var. longispina, & c . (P. longispina, Haw.) has no cha- 
racter of specific or even varietal value, the short solitary 
recurved and very long clustered spines being found in the 
same plant. ° 

The name Pereskla was given by Plukenet in honour of 
JNicoi. fabric. Peiresc, member of Parliament for Aix, in 
I rovence, a very learned man and devoted to botany. It 
was changed to Peirescia by Zuccarini, a wanton change 
that has not been generally adopted. 

1S singular that so common an American plant with 
an eatable fruit should not have been introduced by the 
Spaniards, and become an "escape" in the Old World, 
— T//// Tt WOnkl b ° natliralizcd wittl g reat rapidity. 

v^ lK oV^nn7«ir trOm /a he0lder Ranches with long spines, of the natural 
. -.vertical section of flower; Sand t, stamens ;-5dl enlarged. 

attaining a height of eight to ten feet in the open air, and 
flowering sparingly. In Algiers it is described by Riviere 
as forming rhizomes that bury themselves one and a half to 
two feet, and from which new culms arise in the beginning 
of May, which during the first year are simple, clothed with 
spathaceous sheaths, and attain twenty to twenty-five feet 
in height. Towards the end of the second year these culms 
ramify in whorls from above downwards and flower. The 
leaves are eight to ten inches long and quite glabrous ; the 
caryopsis is one half to two-thirds of an inch long, and 
resembles that of rye. Flowering specimens of this species, 
under the name of B. Simoni, are in the Kew Herbarium 
from the Jardin des Plantes, from the gardens of Gen. 
Munro, of Sir J. Walrond, of Mr. Ellacombe, and of Mr. 
George Paul of the " Old Nurseries, " Cheshunt, Herts ; 
and under the name of B. Fortunei from the temperate 
house of the Royal Gardens, Kew, where it flowered in 
1877 ; and under that of Maximowiczii variegata from ben. 
Munro. The specimen here figured is from a magnificent 
plant grown by Mr. Paul in a tub in a Camellia house at 
Cheshunt, the culms of which are fourteen feet high and 
as thick as the thumb. It was procured from France from 
M. Samaurez, under the right name. An authentic speci- 
men from Fenzi of his Fortunei is also in the Kew Herba- 
rium, and is unquestionably A. Pi-mom.— J- B. H. 

Fig. 1, Top of sheath with ligula and cilia ; 2, under surface !of portion- rf 
leaf; 3, portion of rachis of spike and glume; 4, pale ; 5,lodwufe; 0, st*men 

aud pistil ; 7, pistil :— all enlarged. 


Tab. 7148. 

Native of Chili 

Nat. Ord. BhoMexiace^.— Tribe BuoMEUEyE. 
Genus Rhodostachxs, Phdlippi; (Benth. et Hoohf. Gen, PI. vol. iii. p. 662.) 

Rhodostachys andina; acaulis, foliis multis deDse rosuktis linearibus rigidu 
talcatis pedalibus vel sesquipedalibus facie glabris canaliculati- 
persistenter albo-lepidotis niargine aculeis crebris uncinatis stramineis 
armatis, floribus in capitulum centralem subsessilem globosum aggregates, 
bracteis exterioribtis ovat-is cuspidatis spinoso-serratis, ob- 
lanceolato-oblougis scariosis, ovario clavato-trigono glabro, calycis seg- 
inentis lanceolatis albis ovario sequilongis, petalis Ianceolatia rubellis, 
stammibus styloque petalis longioribns. 

&• andina, Phil, in Zirmcsa, vol. sxix. p. 57 ; Baker JlauJb. Bromel. p. 28. 

Bromelia longifolia, Lindl. in Paxt. Flor. Gard. vol. ii. p. 139, tab. Go; 
-Lematre Jard. Fleur. t. 223, non Rudge. 

Ruckia Ellemcti, Segel Gartenfl, 1868, p. 65, t. 571. 

This very ornamental Bromeliad is an inhabitant of the 
Cordilleras of the northern provinces of Chili. It only 
requires cool treatment, and at Kew is grown in the cactus- 
house. It is the plant on which Philippi founded his genus 
Rhodostachys, and Regel, a few years later, his genus 
RucHa. It seems to have been introduced into cultivation 
°y Mr. Henderson, who exhibited it in flower at one of the 
shows of the Royal Horticultural Society in August, 1 
*or a long time it was confounded with the Brom 
longifolia of Rudge, which is a native of Guiana, and now 
Placed in the genus Streptocalyx. Our drawing was made 
from a plant which was flowered by F. D. Godman, Esq., 
■F-R.S., at his residence near Horsham, in November, 1889, 
fttid this year we have again received it in flower from 
H. J. Elwes, Esq., of Cirencester. The sketch showing 
*he general habit of the plant was made in Kew Gardens. 

Descr. Acaulesoent. Leaves about a hundred in a 
dense rosette, linear, rigid, recurved, a foot or a foot and 
? half long, an inch broad at the clasping base, half an 
ln cli in the middle, deeply channelled down the finally 

DiCBMBM 1st, 1890. 

glabrous face, persistently white-lepidote on the* back, 
armed on the margin with close hooked pungent stra- 
mineous spines. Flowers very numerous, forming a dense 
globose nearly sessile central head two or three inches in 
diameter; outer bracts ovate-cuspidate, spine-margined, 
slightly tinged with red ; inner oblanceolate-oblong, white, 
scariose, shorter than the calyx. Ovary clavate-trigonous, 
glabrous, under an inch long. Calyx-segments lanceolate, 
white, as long as the ovary. Petals lanceolate, bright pink, 
an inch long. Stamens longer than the petals; anthers 
linear-oblong, spreading, bright yellow. Style overtopping 
the stamens; branches very short.— J. Q. Baker. 

4 ve?tiil L C t - mpl ? e fl ° We n 2 ' lepidote scale ; 3 > P etal and tw <> stamens; 
lessmllrged °™ Ty ' ' ap6X ° f style and its branches : ~«" more " 



M S ds! 

VmcenlB rooks Lay » 

Tab. 7149. 

Native of the Bkotan Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Ericaceae.— Tribe Ehodoke^. 
Genus Rhododendron, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Fl. vol. ii. p. 599-) 

Rhododendron (Eurhododendron) Boothii; frutex debihs, ramulis hirsutia 
demum glabratis, foliis ovato- v. oblongo-lanceolatis acuminata basi 
rotundatis v. cuneatis supra laxe ferrugmeo-hirsutis demum glabrs 
subtus minutissitne lepidotis, corymbis densiflons pedice lis brev bus 
hirsutulis, sepalis amplis late ovatis apice rotundatis corolla carapanu- 
lata flava 5-loba lobis rotundatis, stantibus 10, filament*, su erne 
pilosis, antheris magnis fusco-anrantiacis, ovario le V ldo ??^™„*"' 
stylo valido decurvo, stigmate incrassato truncate capsula ^W'UgOBa 
furfuracea, seminibns linearibus compressis utrmque caudatis, te.ta 
firma. ^ R T 

R. Boothii, Nuttall in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. vol. v. ( 185 3),..P- *>*■ Lem ' 
Illust. Horlic. 1858, t. 174. Clarke in Fl. Brit. Ind, vol. Jguj, 4/0. 

Rhododendron Boothii is one of twenty-two species of the 
genus fonnd in Bhotan by Mr. Booth, and described ,n 
Hooker's « Journal of Botany " for the year 18o3, by the 
late Thos. Nuttall (a very eminent American botanist, who 
resided much in England). Mr. Booth was anepWof 
Mr. Nuttall, and was sent by his uncle to ^' °^ 
seeds of Himalayan Rhododendron shortly aftei the influx 
of Sikkim species had demonstrated the extraordinary rich- 
ness of the Eastern Himalaya in that genus Ot those 
twenty-two species about a dozen were new, ^ of these 
against, kcluding^resen, ^^ £ 

p ci 7! jv (- (rot;. 7? Kendriehi.t. o\2a; It- ^"""" u ' 

t. 5146. The nearest ally of B. B «rf»« « 

t. 4778, from which it differs in its * u <*™«« an eleva- 

dense heads of yellow flowers. It was . toun- 

tion of five thousand feet, epiphytic or oaks , ana 

scribed as a straggling shiuib five to six feet h, ^ 

The specimen here figured M S^Staw'tormed 

the magnificent collection of Indian K^™™ which 
by the late Mr. Mangles, of Vale J^^S^. 
flowered in a greenhouse in Apnl of the V^fj 

Judging by the resets .of *£%£?& all previous 
made in Western China, it wou'dappe ma | n ificent 

estimates of the number of species ot J» g^ ^ 
genus of plants, are far below tut ma , 

Uecimber lsl, 1890. 

discoveries made in the Eastern Himalaya are only har- 
bingers of what are to be expected from the vast moun- 
tain regions still further to the east. It is interesting to 
trace the development of the genus across the old world; 
and it may be thus sumarized. In Europe three occur in 
the extreme west, lapponicum in Norway, ponticwm in South 
Spain, and ferrugineum in the Pyrenees, the latter occurs 
in the Alps of middle Europe, with hirsutum, but does not 
extend into Asia, where ponticum reappears in Asia 
Minor, Syria, and in the Southern Caucasus, with flavum 
and caucasicum. The latter country (the Caucasus) is 
the Eastern limit of these three. Excluding the few high 
northern Asiatic species, none are found east of the Cau- 
casus till entering the Affghan region, to which affgliani- 
cum and . Collettianum are confined. On reaching the 
Himalayan region the development of the genus advances 
with rapid strides. Four species are found in the Western 
Himalaya, between Kashmir and Nepal, arboreum, cam- 
pamdatum, barbatum, and anthopogon, all of which advance 
to Sikkim, where twenty-nine have been collected. East 
of this province again, Bhotan has only twenty-five, 
seventeen of which are Sikkim species ; but considering 
how imperfectly that great and lofty province has been 
explored (its Alpine regions not at all), it may safely be 
assumed ^ that this number does not include half of what 
it contains. Proceeding eastwards little is known of 
the vegetation till China is entered, and as Mr. Hemsley 
informs me that between sixty and seventy species have 
been collected in its barely entered western mountains, by 
t i,i aVld ' "^ Henry, and others, it may be regarded as 
probable that the celestial empire contains more species 
ot this genus than all the world besides. Eastward of 
Onma there is a rapid decrease, to fourteen in Japan, two 
or three m Western N. America, and about six in Eastern, 
including R. lapponicum, with which this summary began. 
1 ° m the Himalaya a stream from the genus flows south 
along the Malayan Peninsula to the Malay Islands, New 
Guinea, and S. Australia. Most of its members belong to 
a Af°\ Wlth tLin valve ca P sules and long-tailed seeds, 
*?«■?, ese one alone is Himalayan, the U. vaccinioides, 
of Sikkim.—/. D. H. 

scahS'- \ P J£ ti0n of > nd ersurface of leaf of the natural size, showing tlie minute 
w, -s, Btamen ; 3, ovary ; and 4, transverse section of do. -.—all enlarged. 

Tab. 7150. 


Native of the Malay Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^:. — Tribe Arinea 
Genus Aris.ema, Mart. ; (Benth. et Rooh.f. Gen. PL vol.iii. p. 965.) 

&B3&XXA Jimbriatumi /oliis solitariis trisectis, foliolig late ovatis caudato- 
acuminatis, lateralibus obliquis, nervis supra prof unde impressis arcuatis, 
petiolo Isevi, pedunculo elongato, spatba? tubo elongato cylindraceo, lamina 
rabro-brunnea albo-lineata ovato-lanceolata erecta apice incurvo sub- 
caudato-acuminato, spadice monoica tenuissima appendice longe exserto 
norihus neutris capillaribus crinito pendulo, inflorescentia tubo spatbas 
mclusa, feruinea basilari floribus sterilibus interpositis nullis, masc, 
antheraa 3-4 stipitem coronantes, fsem. ovarium sessile globosum in 
stylum brevem attenuatum, stigmate capitato. 

A. fimbriatum, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1884, vol. ii. p. 680 and 689, fig. 119 ; 
Regel Gartenjl. 1866, p. 357, fig. 40: 

Ariscema fimbriatum was first described by Dr. Masters, 
and well figured, in the Gardener's Chronicle, from a plant 
which flowered in Mr. Bull's nursery (received from Messrs. 
Sander, of St. Alban), in 1885, and was supposed to have 
come from the Philippine Islands. As, however, specimens 
of the very same plant are preserved in the Kew Her- 
barium, which were sent by Mr. Curtis from Langkawi, an 
island off the west coast of the Malayan Peninsula, north 
of Penang, it may be reasonably concluded that the Philip- 
pine habitat wants confirmation. The nearest published 
a% of A. fimbriatum is A. album, N.E. Br. (Journ. Linn. 
Soc. Bot. xviii., p. 247), of the Khasia Hills, which has a 
much smaller and white spathe, and longer petiolules to 
the leaflets. This last presents the remarkable anomaly 
of having the male flowers sometimes at the bottom of 
the spadix, with the females above them, and at others the 
males and females are intermixed. As with A. fimbriatum 
the long exserted pendulous appendage of the spadix 
is crinite with filiform neuter flowers. A very similar 
plant to album, but with a green spathe, is in the Kew 
Herbarium, from the west coast of Siam, found on a 
mountain called Khao Loi Dao, at an elevation of seven 

December 1st, 1890. 

thousand feet, by the late Mr. Murton, formerly Superin- 
tendent of the Singapore Botanical Gardens . 

These three species form a subdivision of Schott's section 
Trisecta of Arsicema, distinguished by the filiform neuter 
organs that clothe the slender appendage, a character 
that occurs in no other species of this very large genus, 
except the Sumatran A. ornatum Miquel (Aon. Mus. Bot. 
Lugd.-Bat. vol. hi. p. 79, t. 3) which belongs to the section 
with pedatisect leaves. 

A.fimbriatum has been cultivated at Kew since 1887, 
and flowers annually about midsummer; the specimen 
figured was sent by Messrs. Veitch. 

Desce. Leaf solitary (and peduncle), clothed at the 
base with linear-oblong membranous sheaths, trisect; 
leaflets five to seven inches long, very shortly petiolulate, 
broadly ovate, caudate-acuminate, bright green above 
with very many and deeply sunk nerves, very pale 
beneath ; petiole six to ten inches long, streaked with pale 
red. Peduncle as long as the petiole, and of the same colour, 
bpathe ten inches long ; tube two and a half inches long, 
about two-thirds of an inch diameter ; cylindric, closely 
striped with dark brown and white; lamina ovate lan- 
ceolate erect with a decurved caudate-acuminate tip, 
purple-brown streaked with white. Spadix very slender, 
its decurved filiform appendix longer than the spathe, the 
exserted portion red-brown, and clothed with filiform 
neuter organs nearly an inch long, included portion with 

Mil greeU neuter or g ans a quarter of an inch long. 
Male flowers of scattered anthers clustered in threes and 
tours on the top of a stout stipes. Female flowers sub- 
giooose one-celled crowded ovaries at the very base of the 
spadix.— J. D. n J 

Figs. 1 and 2, stamens -.—enlarged. 

Tab. 7151. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Subtribe Pletjrothallejc. 

Genus Scaphosepaltjm, Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl. Natiirliche Pflanzenform. 

vol. i. p. 139. 

ScAPH0SEPALUMj5«Zw«are ; foliis elliptico- v. ovato-lanceolato acuto longe valide 
petiolato, pedunculo elato valido creberrime verrucoso, vaginis brevibus 
dissitis, racemo valde elongato stricto laxifloro, floribus subdisticbis, 
ovario una cum pedicello sigmoideo bracteis vaginantibus oblique trnncatia 
acutis longiore, sepalo dorsali ovato-lanceolato, lateralibus lanceolatis con- 
natis marginibus erosulis in caudam subulato^i ieretiusculam rugulosam 
productis, disco callo magno oblongo elongato crasso carnoso medio 
snlcato instructo, petalis columnar aequilongis cultriformibus, labello 
ligulato recurvo undulato, bipandurato marginibua serrulatis, disco 
medium versus call is 2 serrulatis instructo. 

S. pulvinare, Rolfe in Joum. Bot. xxviii. (1890) 137. 

Masdevallia pulvinaris, Reichb. f. in Oard. Chron. 1880, i. 200. 

The genus Scaphosepalum consists of a small group of 
Orchids, the species of -which have been referred, some 
to Masdevallia, some to Pleurothallis, and some to both, 
but which present characters in common foreign to these 
genera, and they further agree in habit inter se. The 
founder of the genus, Professor Pfitzer, of Heidelberg 
(author of the " Morphologische Studien, ueber die Orchi- 
deenbliithe" and " Natiirlichen Anorndnung der Orchi- 
deen"), established it upon Masdevallia ochthodes, Reichb. 
£, & M. (alias Pleurothallis), verrucosa, Reichb. f. ; and it 
has been adopted by Mr. Rolfe in a very good article 
published in the journal of Botany cited above. In this 
article Mr. Rolfe includes under Scaphosepalum seven other 
plants hitherto for the most part referred to Masdevallia, 
amongst which is the M. gibberosa, Reichb. f., figured at 
t. 6990 of this magazine ; including the subject of the 
present plate, and 8. antenniferum, Rolfe, a species 
recently described in the " Gardener's Chronicle "), Sea- 
phosepalum contains ten published species, together with 
one or more hitherto undescribed. Considering how 

DEfjSMBBB 1st, 1890. 

rapidly the knowledge of Pleurothalloid Orchids is being 
augumented by discoveries in New Grenada and the 
neighbouring States of America (Costa Rica and British 
Guiana), there is every reason to suppose that this new- 
genus will prove to be a very considerable one. Its 
distinctive characters are the superior lip, the free or all 
but free dorsal sepal, the lateral sepals connate in a boat- 
shaped form under the lip, and the strongly recurved 
crumpled lip. 

Mr. Watson informs me that 8. pulvinare was received 
at the Royal Gardens from Mr. Veitch in 1888, and that 
in January last it formed a raceme now (November) 
twenty-seven inches long, which has borne thirty-seven 
flowers, and is still flowering. He adds that this plant 
will probably flower continuously for two years ! 

Desck. Stems tufted. Leaves coriaceous, four to six 
inches long, elliptic- or ovate-lanceolate, acute, bright green, 
seven to nine nerved, narrowed into a stout channelled 
petiole as long as the blade. Peduncle with the raceme 
one to two feet long, flowering continuously, very stout, 
closely warted, dark brown ; sheathes half an inch long, 
tubular with truncate acute mouths ; bracts like the sheaths ; 
pedicel warted with the smooth ovary sigmoidly curved. 
Flowers sub-horizontal, an inch long, yellowish, closely 
mottled with dull red, coriaceous ; dorsal sepal inferior, lan- 
ceolate; lateral connate into a broad boat-shaped limb with 
a terete grooved rough dagger-like point, margins erose; 
disk with a very large oblong longitudinally cleft callus. 
etals very small, hatchet-shaped. Lip re volute, undulate, 
twice constricted on the serrulate margins, disk with two 
toothed linear calli about the middle. Column incurved 
at the top, and there somewhat crested at the back.— 

J . U. Jtl. 

3 SkiKS 1 " 1 ^ 6 l a !- ral se P ala ' 2 ' a P ical Portion of one lateral sepal; 

iiE *-LntZ g :t p ; 4 ' column and lip ; 5 ' column ; 6 ' aDther ; 7 ' po 



Tab. 7152. 

Native of Tunan. 

Nat. Ord. Eanunculaceje.— Tribe Anemones. 
Gen iis Thalictrum, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol.i. p. 4.) 

Thaiictrum . (Physocarpnm) Delavayi; gracillimum, ramosum, glaberrimnm, 
roliis latis laxe ternatim decompositis, ramulis rigidis ultimis filiformibns 
rf-5-toltoktis, stipellis nullia, foliolis breviter petiolulatis snborbion- 
lanhas 3-4-crenatis-lobulatisve basi rotundatis v. subcordatis, panicula 
pauci-laxiflora, flofibus magnis longe pedicellatis cernuis pallide pur- 
pnreis, sepalia ellipticis obtusis, filamentis gracilibus glabris, acheniia 
basi angitlatis sed vix stipztatis dimidiafco-ovatis recurvis compressis 
membrauaceis costatis glabris, costia parallelis non reticularis, stigmate 
obloogo sessili, stylo nullo. 

T. Delavayi, Franchet in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. vol. xxxiii. p. 367; Plant. 
Delavay. vol. i. p. 10, t. 2, 3. 

^° better example of representative species could be 
round than those of Tlialictrum Ghelidonii of the Himalaya 
and T. Delavayi of Eastern China. Franchet, the author 
of the last named, says of it, " Toutes les affinites de T. 
■Uelavayi sont avec le T. Ghelidonii" and he proceeds to 
distinguish the former by its stipellate partial petioles and 
the parallel not anastomozing ribs of the fruit. Much 
more conspicuous characters are the slender stipes of the 
achene and the long slender style of T. Ghelidonii, as com- 
pared with the narrowed base of the achene and sessile 
oblong stigma of C. Delavayi. Franchet describes three 
Varieties of this plant : the first, which may be considered 
the normal, is a. decorum, that here figured; the second, 
& acuminatum, is much stouter, with leaflets two-thirds to 
three-quarters of an inch broad, broader multifid persistent 
stipules, and long acuminate sepals. The third, y. parvi- 
florum, is that on which the species was founded (though 
n ot to be regarded as its typical form) ; it has a narrow 
many-flowered panicle, sepals only one-fourth to one- 
third of an inch long, and minute caducous stipella. 

T. Delavayi is a native of the mountains of Yunan at 
elevations of four thousand to six thousand feet. The 

December 1st, 1890. 

specimen figured, which flowered in the Royal Gardens of 
Kew in June last, was received in August, 1889, from the 
Jardin des Plantes, Paris. 

Dbsoe. A very slender herb, two to three feet high. 
Radical leaves long-petiolecl, ternately decompound, trian- 
gular in outline, ten to twelve inches broad ; petiole, petio- 
lules and their branches very slender, wiry, dark purple, 
quite smooth ; stipules and stipellules small, green ; leaflets 
three to five on the ultimate branches, distant, one-third 
of an inch broad, obtusely three- to five-lobulate, base 
cuneate rounded or cordate, pale beneath. Flowers pen- 
dulous, pale purple-blue, in very lax panicles, with linear 
bracts at the axils; pedicels long, slender, decurved. 
Sepals half an inch long, elliptic-ovate, obtuse, ribbed. 
Stamens very many, as long as the sepals ; filaments filiform, 
glabrous. Carpels ten to twelve, subpuberulous, dimi- 
diate-obovate, narrowed to the base and apex, with three 
parallel ribs ; stigma linear-oblong, decurrent on the 
narrowed apex of the achene. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, head of carpels; 3, single carpels : — all enlarged. 


To Vol. XLVI. of the Third Series, or Vol. CXVI. of the 

whole Work. 

71 14 Abies braehyphylla. 

7143 Acineta densa. 

7130 Aconitum Fischeri. 
7122 Allainanda violacea. 
7150 Arissema fimbria turn. 
7105 Arissema "\Yrayi. 

7116 Arundinaria Simoni, var. 

7126 Asarum caudigerum. 
7116 Berberis virescens. 
7124 Bignonia rugosa. 
7137 Caraguata angustifolia. 
7118 Carludovica Caput Medusa?. 

7133 Cattleya Lawrenceana. 

7134 Celmisia Lindsayi. 

7101 Chironia palustris. 

7141 Clerodendron paniculatum. 

7099 Cottonia macrostachya. 

7102 Cypripedium Rothschildia- 


7100 Drosera cistiflora. 

7131 Episcia maculata. 
7113 Eremurus aurantiacus. 

7144 Eueharis Bakeriana.' 
'127 Hakea laurina. 
7093 HeHamphora nutans. 
7120 Hemiovchis burmanica. 
7097 Iris (Xiphion) Boissieri. 
7140 Iris Danfordise. 

7111 Iris orchioides. 

7135 Iris (Juno) Rosenbachiana. 
'145 Iris sindjarensis. 

7106 Lathrcea clandestina. 
7132 Lueddemannia Pescatorei. 
7125 Masdevallia Carderi. 
7138 Ne])enthes Curtisii. 

7107 Papaver rupifragum, var. at- 

7115 Passiflora Miersii. 
7132 Pedicularis megalantha. 
7110 Peliosanthes albida. 

7147 Pereskia aculeata. 

7094 Pleurothallis ornata. 
7129 Pleurothallis platyrachis. 
7098 Podophyllum pleianthum. 
7018 Prestoea Carderi. 

7117 Primulina sinensis. 

7095 Protea nana. 

7136 Beinwardtia tetragyna. 
7149 Rhododendron Boothii. 

7148 Rhodostachys andiiia. 

7096 Rosa berberifolia. 
7119 Rosa multiflora. 
7142 Saccolabium bellinum. 
7104 Satyrium membranaceum. 

7151 Scaphosepaluin pulviuare. 
7109 Sicana spherica. 

7152 Thalictrum Delavayi. 

7121 Tillandsia (Vriesea) amethy- 

7128 Trachycarpus khasyaims. 
7139 Vanda Amesiana. 
7112 Vanda Kimballiana. 
7103 Zamia Wallisii.