Skip to main content

Full text of "Bulletin / British Pteridological Society.Bulletin /British Pteridological Society."

See other formats


Registered Charity No. 1092399 

Patron: HRH The Prince of Wales 

Officers and Committee from March 2002 

President: Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, 92 Drymen Road, Bearsden, Glasgow G61 2SY 

Vice-Presidents: A.R. Busby, Dr N J. Hards, M.H. Rickard, Prof. B.A. Thomas, Dr T.G. Walker 

Honorary General Secretary: Miss J.M. Ide, 42 Crown Woods Way, Eltham, London SE9 2NN 

Tel./Fax: 020 8850 3218; E-mail: 

Treasurer: A. Leonard, 1 1 Victory Road, Portsmouth, Hants. POl 3DR 

E-mail: Treasurer^ 

Membership Secretary: M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, Cumbria CA7 9LG 

Tel.: 016973 43086: E-mail: 

Meetings Secretary: P.J. Acock, 1 3 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, Kent BR5 3LJ 


Conservation Officer/Recorder: R.J. Cooke, 1 5 Conduit Road, Stamford, Lines. PE9 1QQ 


Editor of the Bulletin: Miss A.M. Paul, Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, 

Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD; E-mail: 

Editor of The Fern Gazette: Dr M. Gibby, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20A Inverleith Row, 

Edinburgh EH3 5LR E-mail 1 ci H . izette a uk 

Editor ofPteridologist: Dr J.W. Merryweather, The Farm, Attadale, Strathcarron. 

Wester Ross IV54 8YX: E-mail: Ptendologisttu 

Editor ofBPS WWW Site - A.C. Pigott, Kersey's Farm, Mendlesham, 

Stowmarket, Suffolk IP14 5RB; E-mail: Webmasters 

Elected Committee Members: R.G. Ackers, S.E. Czeladzinski, Dr A.F. Dyer, ML. Grant. 

Ms E. Knox-Thomas, S.J. Munyard, P.H. Ripley, Dr F.J. Runisey, R.W. Sykes 

Booksales Organiser: S.J. Munyard, 234 Harold Road, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 5NG 


HortU ultui a, I >0 \.R. Busbx l< Kirbj Comer Road, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD 

& Archivist: E-mail: Horticulturallnformation 

Merchandise Organisers: Mr B.D. & Mrs G. Smith. Rookwood, 1 Prospect Road, Lowestoft, 

Suffolk NR32 3PT; E-mail: 

Plant Exchange Organiser: R.G. Ackers. Deersbrook, Horsham Road, Walliswood, Surrey 

RH5 5RL: E-mail PlamE\change a ik 

Spore Exchange Organisers: Mr B. & Mrs A. \\ right, \ 30 Prince Rupert Drive, Tockwith, 

York Y026 7PU; E-mail: 

Trustees of 'Greenfield & Centenary Funds: Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, Miss J.M. Ide, A. Leonard 

The BRITISH PTERIDOLOGICAL SOCIETY' was founded in 1891 and today continues as a focus for 
s through the medium of its pi 

ii discussions, field meetings, garden v 
.• Soeien has a wide n 

. The Society's 

I. Acock, 13 Star Lane, ! 





Vol. 6 2002 No. 1 


CHILE - 2-23 February Sylvia Martinelli 

I first proposed a trip to Chile to look at ferns during the tighlj successful trip in 2000 
organised by Jennifer Ide to that other southern hemisphere country. New Zealand. Chile 
seemed to be the obvious counliy with winch to compare New Zealand across the Pacific 
Ocean. It has spectacular scenery, a mild climate, good food and wine, delightful people 
and wonderful flowers. All that, and a similar number of fern species to New Zealand. 
This trip, of three weeks duration, was confined to the region of central Chile from Santiago 
south to Puerto Montt, a distance of 1 ,024km. It was designed to cover the greatest number 
of fern species for the least distance travelled. Chile is such a long country that it was not 
possible to include either the northern deserts or the southern fjordland or steppe. We 
started in the 'mediterranean' area near Santiago, visiting the low coastal ranges behind 
Valparaiso and the high alpine flora of the Andes very close to Santiago. For the rest of the 
time we journeyed down the central valley on the paved Pan America highway, turning off 
here and there to go up Andean valleys, with one major diversion back to the coastal 
Araucaria reserve near Angol. After Temuco we followed a more meandering route around 
lakes, volcanoes and thermal spas in the aptly named Lake District, ending our trip in a new 
private reserve high in the hills near the port of Puerto Montt. 
Physical geography 

Chile is an unmistakable shape, a long thin ribbon on the south-west coast of South 
America, on average 138km wide and 4,329km long. Along with this enormous span of 
latitude comes a vast range of climate, causing hot desert in the north to tundra in the south. 
However, the whole country is influenced by the sea and particularly by the cold Humboldt 
current, which cools Chile and gives coastal mists. In the north there is desert which at one 
place holds the record for the lowest rainfall in the world - none. By contrast, near Puerto 
Montt annual rainfall is 4,000mm. Just south of the northern desert, Norte Chico is an area 
with sparse rainfall that is irrigated by a never-ending supply of melt-water in the many 
rivers that flow west from the Andes. Around La Serena, the coastal mists support a 
disjunct flora typical of the more southern forests. The central section, which includes 
Santiago and Valparaiso, has a climate of •mediterranean" type. This gives way to an area 
of temperate rain-forest that used to be forestei \,h _ nul 1 iiicaha, but now 

there are onl\ relict areas. Then comes the Lake District, which is wet and finally there is 
wind-blasted tundra that ends in the ice and snow of Tierra del Fuego. Amazingly, there are 
ferns all the way down. We found out on day one that despite the maritime influence, Chile 
had had 12 months of exceptional dryness. Not what a fern hunter wants to hear. 
The relatively young Andes form a continuous chain all down Chile and constitute the 
border with Argentina and Bolivia. Since there is an older, lower coastal range in central 
Chile, this area has a strong resemblance to California with its fertile central valley of 

agricultural fame. Further down, the Andes form the coastal range with their glaciers 
running directly into the sea, but that comes south of the lovely fjordland region that we just 
touched upon near Puerto Montt. The area between the coastal range and Andes in the north 
is rich in salt deposits, especially nitrates and copper. 
Human geography 

Three quarters of the population live in and around Santiago, the capital. Very few live in 
the extremes of Patagonia and Chico. Chilean culture is very European in feel - food, wine, 
music, housing, gardens and buildings, despite the fact that most Chileans are of mixed 
blood between Hispanic 'conquistadores' and indigenous Indians. Important export 

growers elsewhere, fruit and vegetables, copper and other minerals. Sadly, there is a huge 

traffic in exporting timber to Japan and in Puerto Montt we saw mountains of chipped wood 

waiting for export. 


Chile can be regarded as a huge island cut off from the world by the deserts in the north, 

mountains in the east, ice in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Consequently, 

there are many endemic plants, particularly on the offshore islands of Juan Fernandez and 

Easter Island. Sadly, we saw many European plants that have become a nuisance, such as 

brambles, but the otherwise ubiquitous bracken has not got to Chile so far. 

Pteridophyte flora 

Chile has about the same number of species as New Zealand (200) but scattered over 

a larger area and a greater range of climate and habitat. Northern regions have relatively 

few species, the richest provinces being further south: Bio-Bio (59 species), Araucania (64), 

Los Lagos (84) and Aisen (61 species). 

There are hoetes, equisetums and 

lycopods. The largest fern genera are 

Hymenophyllum, Blechnum, Cheilanthes, 

Aspleniwn. Polystichum and Adiantum, in 

descending order. One couldn't fail to see 

some of each of these, but we failed to see 

Saturday 2nd Februai 
gathering of fern 
pleasant central hotel Fundador in 
Santiago. We were met at the airport by 
our bilingual Chilean driver and guide, the 
charming and urbane Pablo Carcamo and 
ferried to our hotel in our travelling home, 
a ten-seater minibus. We took our first 
communal meal in a rather upmarket 

discussed our plans for the following day. 
The first day set the pattern for those that 
followed: early breakfast, leave around 
8a.m. for our day's drive, taking box 
lunches prepared by our hotel and a large 
quantity of bottled water. 

Santiago Province 

Day 2 - Maipo Valley (drive) 

We drove east along the lush wine-growing Maipo valley through the village of El Volcan to 
Banos Morales on the dark grey dirt road along the narrow ascending valley of the Rio 
Morales. Our ascent was stopped by force majeure - quarrying, which had closed the road 
completely. However, we were about 70km from Santiago, between 1 ,500 and 2,000m and not 
far from the border with Argentina. Either side of this road were precipitous scree slopes and 
mountain peaks up to 4.<i00m with then promise ol nutn fabulous alpines such as Muiisiii. 
alstroemerias, Tropaeolum and rhodophialas. Disappointed at first, with many cushion plants 
over their main flowering period and/or munched by a flock of free-ranging goats, the only 
things of note a minute magenta Calandrinia (cousin of Lewisia) and the gigantic concrete 
cushions of Azorella, we nevertheless stopped to botanise but a little further down the river 
where 1 had spotted the orange-red climbing 'daisy', Mutisiu sulmUua. I was keen to share my 
love of these with the group. Concomitantly, I let out my first fern-spotting yell as I scrambled 
over a colony of Aduintum utihrmn I ... dr\-li\ing. harsli-lookini! 

adiantumv hut the rest of the iiiotip were seeptieal until the> saw them with their own eyes. 
This was the first of main « we saw and it was rather 

suitably accompanied by our first cactus, a squashed barrel shape about 2cm high, probably a 
Maihucnu. and the ubiquitous Ephedra. Despite missing the best cushion alpines, there were 
plenty of glorious alstroemerias and Rhodophiala rhodolirion. 

We stopped for tea on the way down at Casa Bosque, which looked like an escape from 
Disneyland, and were entertained by a local singer. Back in Santiago we met over drinks for 
a fern colloquium and dined together. By the end of that day, we were a well integrated 

Day 3 - Ski Centre of Farellones (walk) / Olmue (drive) 

Pablo staunchly drove us up the steep zigzag road to Farellones while we notched up the 40 
bends spread over 20km of road, and we stared at the tree-sized cacti ( Trichocereus 
chilensis), desperately searching for the perfect one to photograph. An occasional white 
flower was spotted but more frequently they were festooned with clusters of flowers of the 
bright red parasite Tristerix aphyllum. We climbed to the highest of the three ski centres at 
Valle Nevado, over 3,000m, hoping to get away from the pistes to see the alpine flora, 
including Polystichum andinum and Cystopteris fragilis. However, it was too far to walk at 
that elevation in the time available, so we had to content ourselves with the Alstroemeria 
spathulata, A. pallida, rhodophialas, Mimulus luteus, Calceolaria biflora, Tropaeolum 
poh-phyllum and Schizuuthus hookeri on the road down from the acres of concrete at the 
top. There was a long drive ahead of us to the coast north of Valparaiso to reach the small 
town of Olmue near the National park of La Campana. Our attempt to make a quick 
reconnaissance of La Parva, another ski area, was frustrated by a broken down lorry 
carrying steel girders, which blocked the entire road. A no-fern day in the wild. 
Pablo and I decided to risk a newly made road across the coast range to Olmue rather than 
drive the planned 100 or more kilometres around on the older paved road. The road was so 
new that it hadn't been finished, so folk got their first experience of a Chilean dirt road. A 
few faces turned white once or twice. It also introduced people to the daily hair-washing 
ritual, so necessary after a day on the road. 

Our arrival at Olmue was welcome in many ways; there was a lovely pool, Pteris chilensis 
(seen only this once), newly finished well-appointed hotel rooms, an evening meal in the 
courtyard and a very friendly host family. The hotel Hosteria El Copihue is named after the 
national flower - Lapageria rosea, a climbing 'lily' with beautiful long tubular bell flowers 
aucania near Temuco. 

\ \i i'akmso Province 

Day 4 - Reserva La Campana (drive/walk) 

Our target for the day was the north side of La Campana, famous for its stand of the 
endangered Chilean palm Jubea chilensis preserved in Palmas de Ocoa. Mark, a palm 
grower, was especially keen to see these. First we explored the slopes of the mountain El 
Robles with its matorral (like maqui), which includes the blue pujas, alstroemerias, the rare 
Acliantum gertrudh and others. Our first stop, near Las Palmas, provided several ferns in a 
wild glade by a stream sandwiched between market gardens and villas, a glut of adiantums 
with and without gold backs and hairs and blechnums such as B. hastatum. Janet slipped on 
a wet rock giving herself a bad ankle sprain, which was bandaged by Alan and hastily re- 
bandaged by Lee. The adiantums and Cheilanthes further up the mountain were quite dried- 
up but the flowering shrubs and views were worth the journey in this reserve. 
On the north side of La Campana we arrived at the Palm grove shortly before closing time, 
but we found adiantums growing under the trees by an irrigation channel and Blechmim 
hastatum by a small brook. Despite each paying the full entrance fee, the clerk would only 
give us one map. Since we all went in different directions to make the most use of that half 
hour, it was not very helpful. Maps, where they exist at all, are a major problem in the 
National Parks and reserves, being primitne. and wikll\ inaccurate to'the point of being 
downright misleading. Tim Burford's hiking book was much more useful in this regard. 
Day 5 - Reserva La Campana (walk) / Cauquenes (drive) 

This morning in Reserva La Campana was our chance to walk in Darwin's footsteps (made 
in 1834) up the Sendero El Andinista for 4km to the top of Cerro La Campana. which at 
1,800m dominates this park. Half the party started this trail and found B. hastatum. while 
others went on the gentler Sendero Los Peumo through beech woodland. We were rewarded 
by carpets of adiantums and sighted a grey fox. Unusually, this park sold good flower and 
bird posters and several books and cards. 

In the afternoon we drove to Rancagua south of Santiago then 25km eastwards to Tennas de 
Cauquenes, famous not only for it, I9th-eenturv spa baths but also its French cuisine. Although 
Pablo negotiated dinner earlier than the standard 9p.m., we didn't in fact start until oearij 1 1 tp m 
For most of the trip, we were able to dine at 8.30p.m., a big concession in South America! 
15 1 ■.k\\ri)(iO'Hk,(,ins Province 
Day 6 - Riserva Nacional Rio De Los Cipreses (walk) 

We drove up the valle> to the park entrance where a tour of the museum was obligatory. I 
again expected to find a goodly quantity of xerophytic ferns Acliantum and 
Cheilanthes Xotholacna species, although only those of us who walked for the full time 
allowed got that far along the river. Furthermore, one had to be good at noticing tiny grey 
crisps on stalks to find the Notholaena and tiny gold crisps to see the [diantum sulphureum, 
both ferns being in their aestivation (very nearly dead) mode. This valley walk was worth 
doing just for the views of mountains and the river with its gorges. 

Driving east from Talca, we reached the red-painted converted monastery called Casas El 
Coronado at San Clemente in the late afternoon and settled down to a fern colloquium in the 
cloister. Sooner of later, one's sins of omission catch up with one. Hence a long session 
trying to identify our fern cache, mount some fronds and packet some spores. Janet had the 
most experience at mounting from her trips with Barbara-Joe Hoshizaki, Lee is a 
taxonomist handy at describing scales and hairs in minute detail, I translated the Spanish 
floras, assisted by Alan, while Mark wrapped up fronds for storage and sifted spores. Tom 
(Janet's brother-in-law) chivalrously kept me supplied with pisco sour to i rage my 
identifications. Adiantums all look the same, both before and after one of these local 
cocktails of p,sco (a white spirit), fresh lemon juice, ice, sugar and white of egg. 

h/iiiiuiim >,v'7/7/ ( //s. which grows onl\ in 
i apparently separate species thai we had 
seen, and tried to sort them into species. Fach specimen seemed to have e\er\ pinnule shape 
common to the whole genus, all on one frond. Every apparent species bad gold and non- 
gold versions, small and large-pinnuled versions. I badl> wanted one o! them to fit the 
description of the rare fern but I couldn't do it in all honesty. In each location, there seemed 

n). ,1. chilense var. hirsutum for the hairs one. A. sulphweum for the gold- 
backed one and A. chilense subsp. chilense for anything that didn't fit into the other 
categories. Anyone inclined to check the identifications is welcome to see the folder of 
pressed specimens. 
Maule Province 
Day 7 - Alto Vilches (walk) 

Following a dusty drive up a poor dirt road to Alto Vilches, 6km inside the Reserva Nacional 
Altos de Lircay, we walked up El Enladrillado hoping to find Pofystichum andinum on the 
high basalt plateau. Seven out often Chilean Nothofagus species grow here and it's the 
northern limit of N. pumilio, so a rich flora. I remembered that the woods at the bottom were 
particularly rich "A/. \hirih nu. nu that were flowering 

E found the slopi 

in the clearings around streams. Here were Ftischi 

,.'v. spun orangc-llowered Herhcri: 

scrambling over other bushes. An interpretative trail le 

and to labelled specimens of two of the beech species, A 

//. Baccaris, Fabiana, 

pumilit) and ,V. obliqua. 

Above the tree le\ el Mark found ( heilanthes glauca ii 
real alpine area to see the others. This fern was also fo 
start of one of the circular walks. 

i its crisp form but he didn't reach the 
g on a large boulder at the 

At Basso Vilches we stopped to see Janet's pet fern, spotted in the morning. Even six 
meters from the road it was covered in dust. It was a very large and luxuriant Blechnum. 
But was it the n ; . .. 

and B. magi tU 1 thought 1 had cracked the problem and made a 

table of similarities and differences. 1 labelled Janet's fern 'B. magellanicum (query)' and 
the rest we had found as B. chilense. 
Bio-Bio Province 
Day 8 - Drive to Chilian 

After lunch on a park bench in the main square of Pinto in the company of a starving dog in 
the shade of Podocarpus salignus, our next tern stop was the wooded slopes on Volcan 
Chilian. The deciduous woods near the Termas at Las Trancas were full of orchids and 
orange alstroemerias, the vivid orange Mutisia decurrens, the rare conifer Saxegothaea 
conspicua (named after Prince Albert) and mistletoe. We planned to botanise slowly on the 
route up to the Termas. I hadn't bargained for the extensive use of herbicide right along the 
road until we reached the dirt road 8km before the top. It looked like being a no-fern day, 
but in the new Termas de Chilian hotel car park there were carpets of Blechnum gayanum 
(now B. microphyllum) and nearby the frustratingly similar B. penna-marina. Further down, 
where streams crossed the road, we photographed Gunnera chilena (edible and used!) and 
stumbled across Asplenium dareoides growing in a stream with yellow Mimulus. 

Day 9 - Drive to Angol 

We passed a pleasant lunch hour at the extremely popular waterfall Salta El Laja on our 
way to Angol and stopped on the bridge to photograph the enormous River Biobio. In 
Angol, we hit our low point for accommodation. A hotel for commercial travellers with 
small minimalist bedrooms and one communal kitchen/dining/lounging room shared with 
the manager's family and burbling television. The best the town had to offer, but round the 
corner was a church with a wonderful fern grotto containing Nephrolepis and Woodwardia 
radicans. Nearby was a park with a magnificent Magnolia and beds of Blechnum chilense. 
Day 10 - Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta (walk) / Temuco (drive) 

A walk in Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta in the coastal ranges more than made up for Angol. 
This park was set up to protect the araucarias but it was the rich undergrowth of ferns 
underneath the trees, including hymenophyllums in the wetter parts, that we hoped to find 
as well as three species of Alstroemeria and 16 species of orchid. We walked up to Puedra 
de Aguila with its views of the coast and across the central valley to the Andes. 
Snaking through the beeches with their magical light effects, we noted more and more 
araucarias the higher we climbed. Clusters of old, middle-aged and young ones at the top 
promised a future for this park and its collection. After a particularly dry preceding year, the 
filmy ferns promised by Barbara-Joe Hoshizaki were barely in evidence, nor were the trees 
very mossy although there were enough lichens for a lichenologist's dream. One specimen of 
Grammitis magellanica was spotted and also Asplenium dareoides. These, like many Chilean 
ferns, are also found in New Zealand. These woods were very reminiscent of the New Zealand 
beech woods, with lichens dripping like Spanish moss, bracket-like lichens and fern understorey 
but much richer, in my estimation, owing to the Drimys, desfontineas, young araucarias and 
highly colourful mutisias, alstroemerias and rhodophialas. No orchids were in evidence (too 
late in the season) but occasional Blechnum hastatum i 

Day 1 1 - Parque Nacional Conguillio 

It was a pleasant surprise for me to return to the Hotel Frontiera in Temuco and find that it 
had been given a face-lift. Frustratingly, the next day's plan hung in the balance. A fire was 
raging on the east side of Volcan Llaima in Parque Nacional Conguillio. Pablo spoke 
several times that evening and the next morning to the local police and park guards. Finally, 
we were given permission to go to Meilipeuco and beyond. Another long dirt main road 
which turned into a nightmarish lava dirt road once in the park. There had been several 
recent lava flows in this area, even as recently as 1994. Despite that there were sturdy 
specimens of ferns along the road in lava rocks. This fern became another nightmare of 
identification and source of great shame to myself. Was it a handsome but rubbery version 
of Polystichum plicatum or Rumohra adiantiformisl I had seen both in the wild before and 
it didn't look like either but keyed out as both in the Flora de Chile. It is unnamed to this 
day. We passed by wonderful views of Llaima, which got better with time as the smoke 
drifted away, also several small lakes. The cliffs to our right and east were of quite different 
rock and thickly wooded. We took a short walk to a gorge on the river to see the Truful- 
truful falls with Gunnera in profusion and bamboos. This enabled us to study the leathery 
fern close up and the cypress that also grew in the desolate laval landscape, Austrocedrus 
chilensis. Mark and I walked up part of the Sendero Sierra Nevada through beech woods 
dotted with araucarias overlooking the lake of Conguillio. It was not very ferny. I fell over a 
camouflaged tree root giving myself a sore knee for several days. 

Driving north out of the park we stopped several times and found ferns in stream beds and 
on steep roadside banks in the wooded areas: Asplenium dareoides, Cystopteris fragilis, 
Adiantum sulphureum and another Adiantum species, two polystichums, Blechnum 
hastatum, B. chilense, B. penna-marina and Cheilanthes glauca. 

Temuco is the main town of Araucania and hence possesses the Museum Regional de la 
Araucania. It is also an important centre for the Mapuche Indians who are concentrated 
here. An obligatory visit was made to the craft market to look at silver Indian jewellery, 
musical instruments, woollen goods and pottery. It was also a chance for all of us to change 
money (but not in banks, which don't), buy stamps and hunt for that apparently non-existent 
Chilean species, the postcard. 

Day 13 - Parque Nacional Huerquehue (walk) 

Pucon is an important tourist centre for foreigners and Chileans alike, with shops, restaurants 
and hotels, fishing, boating, riding, thermal baths and water sports. No mention is made of fern 
hunting, although there are two thickly wooded national parks within a short distance of 
Pucon: Parque Nacional Huerquehue (good for Araucaria) and Parque Nacional (Volcan) 
Villarrica. Based on guesswork I chose to go to Huerquehue where Mark and I did an all-day 
walk up to a plateau covered in small lakes. Other members of the party followed more slowly 
up to the Vista points of Lake Tinquilco and Volcan Villarica. Our major problem was that of 
maps, or lack of, once again. I made a quick sketch of the one etched on wood near the ranger 
station but both the original and my copy proved hopelessly inadequate when faced with a 
plethora of side branches, forks and unadvertised dead ends. By a miracle we managed to find 
all the named lakes after many false starts and one painful walk down an unmanaged path 
through Chusquea, Acaena, Pernettya and Berberis. Not good for wearers of shorts but it was 
a good day for ferns - a nine fern day. 

Denia found the microscopic Grammitis poeppigiana and Lee found G. magellanica (both 
shared with New Zealand). We all saw Pteris semiadnata with its unmistakable triangular 
fronds, a soft-looking, pale green Polystichum, hordes of Blechnum chilense plants, 
Hypolepis poeppigii and two red gesneriad climbers: Sarmienta scandens 

ovale. While not exactly dripping, quite a few trees bore filmy ferns - various 
hymenophyllums and at least one Trichomanes. This forest had certainly suffered less in the 
drought year than Nahuelbuta. I spent some time staring at the trunks of blechnums, trying 
to decide if they were serious enough to belong to B. magellanicum or were those of 
II ( Ink-use trying to fool us. A week later when I saw the giant specimens, I was convinced 
that they did belong to the real thing. 

When it came to identifyii • it to me. After 

hours of headache-provoking work, I came up with a few hesitant names: Hymt noph) lum 
tortuosum, H. dentatum and H. pectinatum. I knew that we had found H. femigineum with 
its characteristic red hairs but, oh dear, where was Alison Paul at my moment of need. 
On the way down we stopped for coffee at the refugio where the owner shouted "remove 

Los Lagos Province 
Day 14 - Drive to Puyehue 

We saw a really good portion of the Los Lagos area, views of Volcan Villarrica from four 
sides, a drive right around Lake Calafquen surrounded by magnificent giant fuschias, across 
country again to Lake Panguipulli and the town of Panguipulli, the home of Gabriella 
Mistral, with its massive rose plantings. At the far end of Lago Calafquen we made a detour 
to another small lake, only to be stopped by a missing bridge, but we were delighted to find 
fully ripe blackberries (non-native), Podocarpus salignus and flowering Luimis appieulafa 
(formerly Myrttis luma). The cliffs of the southern side of the lake were dripping with 
adiantums, blechnums and Lophosoria, sadly unphotographed because this narrow dirt road 
was too well used by lorries for us to stop. 

Our late afternoon arrival at Hotel Termas de Puyehue, one of the accommodation high 
points, was marred by the excessively bureaucratic signing-in process. There were several 
miles to walk between bedrooms and dining room, although bedrooms were comenientK 

Day 15 - Parque Nacional Puyehue (walk) 

We spent a day behind the Hotel on Volcan Antillanco, making a very slow ascent fern 
spoil nil', and a slow descent waterfall visiting. At long last I was able to show people 
Glen henia squamulosa on I wtita. But first 

we visited a Salta near the entrance lodge. A rich spot with three different Hvinenoplivlluni 
speeies. Trnhomaues. two ne that looks like H Junnhcrsii from 

New Zealand). Ptcris senuadnahi, which was not much seen on this trip, and hundreds of 
Lophosoria hove us at the top of the roadcuts. Red-flowered and 

dramatic, the Asteranthera ovata plants contributed to the excitement, as did the Mitrana 
coccinea (both gesneriads). The ulmo trees {Eucryph ■ H/< .1 illed the woods with 
scent and were so prolific that the whole wood appeared white. Bees are reared near ulmo 
to produce a non-sweet honey much prized in Santiago, jolly nice it was too. 
At the top, a few of us braved the high winds to walk (bent double) to the summit and take 
in the view of Tronador, Panguipulli, Osorno and others. On the way down, we found a 
sheltered crater for lunch. I was just apologising for not showing them Polvstieluun 
andinum when, while munching away, I noticed a dwarf fern between Lee's feet. Yes, that 
was it. The laval rocks bore them in every nook and cranny along with Lyeopodium. 
Peruana and Euphrasia. I he Polvstielnim andinum had plenty ot fertile fronds, mostly 
past their best, but with down-turned pinnules it was difficult to see at a glance if they bore 
ripe spores. The fronds were twisted and markedly three-dimensional, not at all the flat tern 

s expectation^, but \ci> kecniv appreciated b\ our company, fhere were main 

Further down there was a boardwalk over a bog where we found the dwarf B. perma-marina 
in quantity, along with the pink bells of false copihue called coicopihue i.e. Philcsia 
magellanica. A wonderful day ended with a swim in the spa pool with its island of ferns 
and palms, a fern meeting over cocktails and a late dinner. 
Day 16 - Drive to Lago Llanquihue 

We had thunder and our first rain in the morning. The dri\e from Puyehue to I nsenada took 
us east of Lago Llanquihue by a short cut along a dirt road that crossed a private estate the 
size of an average English county. After cheeking into our purpose-built 19th-eentur\ 
wooden hotel. HI Ensenada. we took off lor the most famous falls in Chile at Petrohue. Here 
the river Petrohue is channelled through gorges cut into the la\a flows. Even in late 
summer, when snow-melt should not be a problem, the viciousness of the racing water was 
apparent. A body wouldift last one minute m those gorges, fearing onesell away from 
beckoning nemesis, there were \iews of Yolcan Petrohue and OsotDO and II chilense with 
sizeable trunks and the plastic-looking Polystidmm Rumohru. More tantalising were the 

Without a tightrope or waders, it was not possible to get close enough to identify it. 
Binoculars came in handy for spotting the coffee-coloured scales, short petioles and slightly 
dentate fronds. It was obviously a much wetter place than many we had visited, since even 
the rocks were covered in filmy ferns and Grammitis. Equisetum grew under the trees and 
also one frond of Botrychium australe subsp. negeri. A short detour was made to the 
stunningly beautiful Lake Todos Los Santos, where we could only see the Argentinian 
mountain Tronador with difficulty, owing to the grey skies and incipient rain. 
We finished our day with a sunset walk on top of Volcan Osorno, with amazing views 
overlooking Lake Llanquihue; surprisingly there were numerous swallows flying even at 
this height. We repaired to our quaint hotel with its small nursery-like bedrooms under the 
rafters and its lounge crammed with Victoriana, old medals, crockery, paintings, musical 

Day 17 - Drive to Alerce Andino 

The drive to Lenca the long way round via Ralon, Puelo and the ferry crossing at Puelche 
was planned deliberately to introduce our group to the landscape and flora typical of Aisen 
province (although strictly speaking we were still in Los Lagos), if only for a day. It was 
difficult to balance the desires of the photographers, tempted by the sea loch and its 
mountainous backdrop, and that of our driver to catch a ferry at a specific time many 
kilometres down a dirt road that never, never seemed to end. The central stretch of this road 
was, in fact, a new and welcome development blasted out by the Chilean Army, linking 
villages that hitherto had only been connected by sea. 

Cliffs dripped adiantums, blechnums, Lophosoria, Gleichenia and Gunnera between 
waterfalls. A 40-minute ferry crossing took us to Caleta then on to Lenca where we left 
Pablo's care and transferred to the lodge's 4-WD vehicles for a horrendous bouncing, head- 
hitting, 12km ascent up a rocky track to the Alerce Mountain Lodge near Alerce Andino. 
Alerce is the name for Fitzroya cupressoides, the second longest living conifer after bristle 
cone pmcs It was named for Captain Fitzroy, the commander of The Beagle. The lodge was 
bin it close to a lake at 2,000m and is surrounded by lofty alerces and grey granitic-looking 
cliffs and peaks. Breathtaking! The back-wrenching journey was, after all, worthwhile 
especially in the light of the fern flora and other vegetation. Even between cabins in the 
hotel grounds there were specimens of BJechnum magellanicum with trunks as tall as 
people. The differences between B. chilense and B. magellanicum, which seemed so 
difficult in the books, were now perfectly obvious. Nobody could mistake one for the other. 

You could tell 

clashed horribly with the latter. Here the climate was very mild although high up I 
the ascent we passed through Eferent zones of vegetation anc 

. There were Nothofagns from 800m to 1,200m. Agnes had a disastrou 

Day 18 - Parque Nacional Alerce Andino (walk) 

Tom and Agnes, with her leg well strapped, were ferried slowly and agonisingly back to 
Puerto Montt by bumpy 4-WD. In the wake of a ship's tour party, the rest of us set out far 
into the hills for Fuente Esperanza. At first the going was easy along boardwalks raised over 
the boggy terrain but eventually we walked or scrambled across country where a machete 
would have been handy since there were no footpaths at all tor long stretches, or we had to 

two foot tall Bit ints as stepping stones (a desecration I shudder at) 

- and force our way through sharp bamboo (Chusquea) and spiny shrubs. We were 
rewarded with the ubiquitous 

Drymis winteri. The Fuente was just worth the trouble but not in the light of the very long, 
very hot climb back up to the lodge for lunch. In the afternoon we managed a tame 
boardwalk around tl photography. 

Day 19 - Drive to Puerto Montt (shopping & sightseeing) 

I arranged for us to spend most of the day at the lodge, rather than in Puerto Montt. This 
gave Janet, Mark and me time to sort out and mount specimens and packet spores. At 
10.30a.m. Mauricio took Mark on the whole day walk to the summit of the ridge; they 
waved from the top at 2p.m., tiny Figures, hardly visible and staggeringly returned at 3.30 in 
time for our departure. On our way down the mountain we had our only flat tyre of the trip; 

on previous trips I had good reason to learn the Spanish word - enllanto. The wheel was 

changed by the handsome Mauricio, our talented driver, guide and pop singer. To our 

delight he gave a spirited rendition of 'Love me Tender', as well as local folk music and 

excerpts from opera. A compulsory stop was made to visit El Tata, the huge alerce reputed 

to be the oldest tree in South America. 

The Puerto Montt area is i 

our hotel, so that Agnes c 

Club of Chile. Here we met for the first time our Chilean tra\ el at 

and had arguably the best meal of the trip. 

Day 20 - Go home 

Pablo, our driver/guide was so loth to leave us that he carted a; 

morning, although this was not strictly part of the package. We \ 

craft shops and the Traveller's office, where we were given cofl 

superb collection of postcards. Too late for r 


To our relief, Agnes was accepted on the 

flight from the lo 

cal airport 

so that she could 

return home for treatment. And so ended a delightful trip. 

Reference Books 

Burford, T. Chile and Argentina: The Bradt T 

ekking Guide. 200 

Bradt Tra 

el Guides. 320pp. 

Hoffmann, A. Flora Sitvestre civ Chile. Edi 

. Santiago, Chile. 

[Series of plan! hooks published 

)s. In Spa 

illustrations and good descriptions, j 

McCarthy, J. & Keenan, B. Between Extreme 

i. 2000. Bla 

ckSwan. [For the 

flavour of Chile and a good read.] 

Moore, D.M. 1983. Flora of Tierra del Fuego. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, Salop. 396pp. [In 

English with good illustrations.] 

The following are in Spanish, with illustration 

of variable quality 

and far too 

few in number: 

Liier, H.G. Helechos de Chile. 1984. Santiago 

Universidad de C 

ile. 245pp. 

Marticorena, C. & Rodriguez, R. (eds). 1995. Flora de Chile vol. 1 Pteridopl 

Gvmnospermae. Universidad de Concepcion, Chile. 351pp. 
Correa, M.N. (ed.) 1998. Flora Patagonica. Part I. Introduction. Institute Naciona' 

Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Buenos Aires. 391pp. [This volume includes pteridophvh 


Saturday 13th Graham At 

Having arranged car sharing at our Grasmere hotel venue, we headed to Kettlewell car 

on the east side of Derwent Water (35/267195). There we met other members to fo 

good-sized party of 25 or so. After considerable rain, both in the Lakes and elsev 

during the preceding weeks, the onset of high pressure based weather systems for i 

days proved very welcome. 

Our target species occurred submerged ; 

brought my scuba gear, we had to be 

of vegetation were a little difficult t 

been any of three or so species. Under the expert tuition of our leader, Mike Porter, we 

learnt of the differences in stem cross-section between Lobelia dortinanna. LittorelLi 

iniitlora ami our target Isoefes lactrsins. which \\a> c\enuial!> found after several minutes 

of diligent searching. 

filix-mas, D. dilatata, and (reminding me that I was back in the Lake District) 
Gvmnocarpium drvopteris. For the benefit of the less experienced members of the party, 
Mike provided guidance on the characteristics of the different species. There were also various 
Dryopteris affinis, the identity of which were speculated upon in the absence of an 'affinis 
expert' in the party. The main population consisted of a decidedly non-robust type, possibly 
subsp. borreri, with a scattering of a very robust form, almost certainly subsp. affinis. 
The Lodore Falls (35/265186) are a popular tourist attraction, despite the somewhat hazardous 
terrain and slippery rocks. Queuing up one at a time, our initial activity was to crouch within a 
small cave to see, with the aid of a torch, a patch of Trichomanes speciosum gametophytes. 
Other ferns within the immediate vicinity of the falls were Hymenophyllum wilsonii, 

Back row: Mark Kitchen, Graham Ackers, Mike Porter 

Next group: Robert Crawford, Joy Neal, Robert Sykes, Joan Hindle, Diane Copson, 

had Hayward 

Next group: Jonathan Crowe, Frances Haigh, Alastair Wardlaw, Clare Kitchen, Ann Colville, 

Elise Knox-Thomas, Sam & Nan Hicks, Harriet Hunt, Roy Copson 

Seated in front: Christine Mullins, Jackie Wardlaw, Marti & Andy Martin 

For the afternoon excursion, we drove a short distance south up Borrowdale to the Bowder 
Stone car park (35/253169). From there we walked north into the village of Grange 
(35/253175). Ferns recorded on the bridge and house walls in the village were Asplenium 
trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens, A. ceterach, A. nita-imuana. Athyrium filix-fcminu and 
Polypodium vulgare. Fans of fern varieties were intrigued b) the forked frond tips of some 
specimens of the latter species. 

Moving up the wooded valley in the direction of Castle Crag, we passed Dryopteris affinis 
subsp. affinis, Polystichum aculeatum (few) and Pteridium aquilinum (too many). Heading past 
the Hollows Farm sign, beside the River Derwent we investigated stands of Cryptogramma 

crispa, Oreopteris , 

I he ■ 

e Athvrium filix-femina and / hyopteris affinis subsp. c 

Retracing our steps a little, we headed up the Allerdale Ramble track beside Broadslack 
Gill, eventually emerging into open fell country (around 35/246155). We climbed the fell a 

Asplenium septentrionale, quite a rarity in the Lakes. Even more unusual and exciting was the 
discovery by Harriet Hunt of a potential candidate for Asplenium x murbeckii, the hybrid 
between A. septentrionale and A. rvta-muraria. [Disappointingly, experts have deemed it 
probably to be a young plant of A. septentrionale, but suggested that the plant be monitored] 

i 1961 and is 

. a feu specimens of Cystopteris (ragilu were spotted, 
specimens of Lyeopodium Jaui/nm. nestling prostrate in 
2 and Mark Kitchen climbed the grassy scree to the west of 
more specimens of Asplenium septentrionale, thought to 
have disappeared from that area. The party speculated thai then re-appearance had been 
enabled by the lack of sheep grazing the previous year (2001) as a result of the foot and 
mouth disease outbreak. A total of 25 specimens were counted, but it was highly likely that 

i in the garden of BPS member 
! intake of the delicious home-made cakes 
of tea. Having resided in the house for 43 
years, Nan has built up an impressive collection of plants, now fully mature, creating a 
veritable botanical paradise (including many interesting ferns). On her arrival, the garden 
had been mostly grass, but now there is hardly a blade to be seen! The garden, victuals and 
the lively assembled company constituted a very pleasant end to a fruitful day's ferning! 
Sunday 14th Jonathan Crowe 

A party of 26 set out from our base in bright weather and drove the 30 odd miles to Whitbeck. 
After parking at 34/119839 we took the farm track leading up the hillside. Asplenium ruta- 
muraria and A. trichomanes were seen on the bridge parapet and along the track we saw 
Uhyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris dilatata, D. affinis subsp. affinis and the ubiquitous 
Pteridium aquUinum. \ very large clump of Osmunda regalis was seen in the garden of a 
farmhouse. Some 400 yards up the track we found what we had come to see: Asplenium 
obovatum subsp. lanceolatum. This site, recently discovered by Jack Garstang, is only the third 
known in Cumbria. Several large clumps were found growing on the dry-stone retaining wall 
bordering the track. The plants were partially concealed by ivy and bramble. 
Our next visit was to Milkingstead Wood, which had very recently been acquired by the 
National Trust. We left the cars at Forge Bridge (34/148995) and moved into the wood. The 
River Esk flows near the wood, creating very damp mossy conditions under a thin canopy of 
trees. In this fern-rich habitat we saw Dryopteris affinis, D. dilatata, Athyrium filix-femina, 
Blechnum spicant, Oreopteris limbosperma, a small patch of Phegopteris cormectilis and 
Pteridium aquilinum. Away from the valley bottom on the higher north-facing granite outcrops 
we found large quantities of Hymenophyllum tunbrigense. A little further on the 
H. tunbrigense was joined by H. wilsonii, thus providing the party with a good opportunity to 
compare the species. The only plants of Dryopteris filix-mas and Polypodium vulgare that we 
saw in the wood were growing on the ruined walls of what had once been a cottage. High up 
the escarpment in a rock-crevice we admired a few isolated plants of Dryopteris aemula, 
which had been re-discovered by the intrepid Pat Acock on a BPS visit in 1998. 

After lunch at the nearby King George IV Inn we headed north-west to Cinderdale 
Bridge (35/128037), on which were growing colonies of Asplenium trichomanes, A. ruta- 

Flass Tarn where, in the muddy shallows of the upper pool, we examined the bright 
green tangled mass of Pilula \i globulifera Since last visited in 1998 the pool has 
become so much more colonised by the sedge Carex rostrata that it looks as though the 
Pihtlaria may become threatened. However, investigation of a nearby pool where a small 
quantity of Pilularia had been noted in the past, revealed that this had spread 
dramatically to line the margins of the pool with a dense green carpet with many 'pills', 
somewhat unusual in Cumbrian plants. 

Next on our itinerary was Greendale Mires (35/151054), where we saw Lycopodiella 
inundata thinly scattered over a large area of the banks of a small beck. The clubmoss was 
growing in association with bog asphodel (Narthecium ossifragum), sundew (Drosera 
intermedia) and the uncommon white beak-sedge (Rhynchospora alba). 
We then drove to Porterthwaite Woods in Miterdale (35/142008). Within this very wet, 
open deciduous woodland we discovered some fine stands of Osmunda vegalis and many 
flourishing Blechrmm spicant on the fringes of the bog. Also seen were Athyrium filix- 
femina, Dryopteris affinis, D. carthusiana, D. dilatata, Oreopteris limbosperma, 
Phegopteris connecti/is, Polypodium interjection and the ubiquitous Pteridium aquilinum. 
A fine day's ferning in glorious weather was rounded off by a return to Grasmere over the 
dramatic Hardnott and Wrynose passes. 

Monday 15th Mike Porte r 

After the sunshine of previous days the weather was rather dull, but it remained dry and 
warm throughout the day. The party made the journey east across the M6 to the limestone 
pavements of east Cumbria with the particular goal being Fell End Clouds. We parked on 
the roadside below the limekilns at 34/730998 and were glad to be joined by Nan and Sam 
Hicks and also Alan Gendle, the manager of Waitby Greenriggs Nature Reserve. 

limestone pavement. Unlike many other pavements in the district, where the slabs are broad 
and set at an easy angle for walking on, the Fell End pavement slopes steeply and the blocks 
are set edgeways between deep grykes, giving difficult and dangerous going in wet weather. 
Even in the good conditions obtaining on this visit great care was required. On the way up 
good quantities of Asplenium had already been seen (A. ruta-muraria, A. trichomanes 
subsp. quadrivalens and frequent A. viride) together with Cystopteris fragilis. On the 
pavement itself were fine clumps of Polys tichwn lonchitis, some nibbled by sheep but many 
in excellent condition. They were accompanied by much Dryopteris submontana, showing 
its grey-green foliage, and fine specimens of Polystichum aculeatum. On two recent visits 
the leader had been unable to refind the other limestone speciality, Cvmnocarpium 
robertiamm, which is usually frequent on the pavements round about. However, the sharp 
eyes of Christine Mullins located a small patch of this attractive fern in a part of the 
pavement where it had not been seen before. The question remains as to why it is so 
uncommon here. Other fern species seen in the grykes were ithyrium filix-himna. 
Dryopteris affinis and D filix-mas, while the attractive spring sandwort {Minuartia verna) 
was noted near the entrance to an old mine working and colonies of narrow-leaved 
bittercress (Cardamine impatiens) were spotted on the pavement itself. 
Lunch was taken at the Black Bull, Brough Sowerby, after which the party, now much 
reduced by people setting off for home, moved on to the last site ol the ueekend, the 

reserve of Waitby Greenriggs (35/757085). This 

calcareous grassland, which has developed on the cuttings'and embankments of 

a former railway line and contains more than 200 species of vascular plant. Our guide, Alan 
Gendle, demonstrated many of the species to us including a fine patch of very large 
Ophioglossum vulgatum. Sadly, the Botrychium hinaria that had been seen here a few 
weeks earlier had disappeared but we had the compensation of seeing a magnificent colony 
of marsh helleborines {Epipactis palustris) in full flower. After thanks to Alan for showing 
lis around his reserve, members of the group said their farewells and headed for home, some 
pausing en route for a quick \ isit to die tei field Books. 

In all, 40 different taxa of ferns or fern allies were seen during the weekend. 

TEESDALE & WEARDALE, DURHAM - 13-15 September Barry Wright 
(Leaders: Barry Wright & John Durkin) 

There are always times in your life when you sit back and wonder what on earth you have 
let yourself in for. This was one of those occasions. 1 had been unable to do the recce for 
this meeting during 2001 and was determined to sort out the visits early in 2002. I was still 
trying to sort out some of the venues as late as August. But, with a lot of hard work and loss 
of sleep 1 was able to make all the arrangements and provide what 1 hoped would be an 
I selection of field visits for a discerning group of fern lovers. 

On the Friday evening, many of those staying locally assembled for a meal at the High 
Force Hotel (35/885285), our base for the weekend, north-west of Middleton-in-Teesdale. 
Saturday morning began with a gentle stroll down below the Hotel to look at Asplenium 
trichomanes subsp. trichomanes growing on the acidic rocks of the Whin Sill. There was 
also a small colony of A. adiantum-nigrum growing on the same rock. My intention had 
been to attempt to walk downstream, cross the bridge and walk back upstream to have a 
good view of the High Force waterfall. I had not bargained on the interest and enthusiasm 
of the group. Having reached the bridge, they spent a considerable time studying the 
polypodiums and aspleniums on the bridge itself before I could wrench them away and off 
up the Yorkshire side of the river (well, it used to be Yorkshire and is in vice-county 65, 
NW Yorks...). But even here, progress was slow. Having seen a small colony of 
Selaginella selaginoides we straggled our way along the shoreline of the river, taking m the 
wonders of the rich fern flora on the banking above us. There were extensive stands of 
Athyrium filix-femina, Oreopteris limbosperma, Dryoptehs dilatata, D. filix-mas and 
D. affinis subspp. affinis and borreri. Underneath all of these there were carpets of both 
Gymnocarpium dryoptehs and Phegopteris connectilis. with occasional Blechnum spicant 
and some Pteridium aquilinum. At one point there was an extensive colony of very robust- 
looking Equisetum sylvaticum. On some of the rocks there were small plants of Cystoptehs 
fragilis, Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens , A. scolopendrium and Polysth hum 
aculeatum. Back at the bridge was a marshy area supporting Equisetum arvense. 
Having fallen well short of my target, we made our way back to the High Force Hotel for 
lunch. This needed to be a hearty lunch as the assembled party had no idea of how far 1 was 
expecting them to walk in the afternoon. Unfortunately, to see what we wanted to see, there 

Widdybank fell, with no vehicular access. 

We re-convened at Langdon Beck (35/847309) and followed the road to the English Nature 
offices at Widdybank Farm. From here we continued round the footpath towards Cauldron 
Snout. Along the way, the footpath became difficult as it crossed several boulder fields. 
These supported good colonies of Dryoptehs oreades with occasional specimens of 
Polv>,tichum aculeatum, Cryptogramma chspa, Polypodium vulgare and Huperzia selago. 
Continuing round, we passed some Equisetum palustre and then came across a cliff that 
supported Asplenium viride and A. ruta-muraha. On other cliffs, further away from the river. 

5 of Polystichum lonchitis. Further c 

ztum fluviatile before we came acros 
Group after Ken Trewren). Behind this was a good colony of Dryopteris expansa and some 
nice examples of Huperzia selago. Other rocky areas also supported Polypodiu 

from here it was a relatively short walk round to the waterfall at Cauldron Snout. This is a 
magnificent waterfall and is, in my opinion, better than High Force. Having said that, it is a 
daunting waterfall to climb up. All credit to the members on the day, they were all keen to go 
upwards and onwards rather than backwards and downwards. Having scaled the side of the 
waterfall the rest of the return journey was on metalled roads. At first we were walking past 
the controversial Cow Green reservoir. The grass verges bordering the access road that follows 
the shoreline were occasionally carpeted with extensive colonies of Selaginella selaginoides 
intermixed with the typical arctic-alpine flora that Upper Teesdale is internationally renowned 
for. Some old mine workings at 35/824312 comprised a series of settlement ponds with 
extensive stands j n the central wet parts and Equisetum palustre around 

the margins; the latter also grew extensively along the side of the road. 

During the day we were very pleased and privileged to have been allowed to visit a site 
where Woodsia ihensis had been re-introduced. This is part of a programme run by English 
Nature in association with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Grateful thanks to the 
warden, Chris McCarty for allowing us to study these plants that are now re-established in 
their natural surroundings. 

As I am not one to allow any slack time in my programme, I bullied members into watching 
a slide-show after their evening meal on the Saturday. They also had the opportunity to 
bring back and study specimens under the microscopes that I had provided. But it was the 
after-dinner entertainment that was a bit of a panic for me as organiser Members were 
supposed to bring a maximum often slides of ferny interest to show the others. However, I 
did threaten that if nobody brought slides then I would bore them with endless pictures of 
tern spores. Fortunately, enough members came prepared and we had sufficient slides to 

The following day we set off into Weardale to look at a colony of Equiset 
(t.pratense x E. sylvaticum). Having stopped to look at a good plant of Asi 
growing on a garden wall, we found the colony, surviving on a small island in the river 
upstream from Eastgate (35/952389). John Durkin discovered this population and has been 
; it for several years; he was disappointed that the specimens this year were 
exhibiting less branching than they had done previously. From here we went further upstream 
to look at some stands of Equisetum pratense. At this point we were once again 
and had to drop one of the alternative venues of the weekend. 

From Weardale we returned again to Teesdale to study the ferns in one of the disused 
quarries at Dufton Moss (35/871291). This was a curious quarry in that the rock was 
predominantly acidic, but there were a number of species that prefer a reasonable quantity 
01 lime or bases, notably Asplenium scohpcndrium, A. viridc and Polystichum oculcamm. 
I here was also the potential for Asplenium trichomona subsp. trichomona in sonic of the 
acidic rocks (though many of the plants looked like good subsp. quadrivalent). John has not 
had any confirmation of this as yet, but hopes to find out in the future Another curious 
specimen was a crested form of Dryopteris affinis growing in the cliff-face at the top of an 
area of boulder-scree. Other /.) .,„;,„, « mc o„,lus, w dcbatc lM1 Mlbspc , ics) . D . arcades, 

■ J mas, D. dilatata and Athynum fdix-femina were also recorded. 
With time continuing to press, we returned to the High Force Hotel for lunch. 

uZearT^ Wen V° ° Uf fmaI VCnUe ° f the weekend < which was the woodland on the 
pstream and northern side of the River Tees at Barnard Castle (35/046168 to 

35/031184). Polvsticimm aeiileatu 

m was frequent, as were Dryopteris fili.x-mas. 

D. dilatata, D. 

affims subsp. born 

•ri and Athyrium filix-femina. Less common were 

Blechnum spk 

•ant, Dryopteris affi 

nis subsp. affinis and Asplenium scolopendrium. 

During my rec 

ce of this site 1 earn 

e across some curious ferns at one particular point 

along this stret 

ch of ri\cr. In my ignorance 1 had hoped that they miulii be • 

bicknellii (P. a 

v/w) and PolypoJimn < ambri, ion. \\\ optimism was 

soon to be dashed with the realisation that the Polystichum was in fact P. setiferum. 

However, this 

was not as disappoint 

ing as I at first thought - John Durkin reported that 

een found in this ai 

identified was 

a Pofypodium that, o 

wing to its broad fronds and pointed pinnae, I felt 

sure could be a 

candidate for P. cam 

bricum. But, sure enough, when the experts got hold 

of it they dete 

rmined that it was ju 

st a broad-fronded /' interjection. Still, there is no 

Matt Stribley, J 

i Durkin & Barry V 

Here, we all said our farewells and mad 
disperse to our respective homes. 
Would I lead another National meeting? Possibly, 
very enjoyable, but they are a lot of hard work. Bu 
slides of fern spores yet! Thanks to all who came. 


i based in Puerto Cruz, where we were made aware of ferns str 
he steps with hibiscus flowers and fern fronds each 
the alien Cyrtomium falcatum regularly on walls where an 
also occupying the niches near the sea that Asplenium marin 
d elsewhere. 

Patrick Acock 

tight away as the 


As we drove out to Erjos in the north-east of the island we soon saw plenty of Davallia 
canadensis and Polypodium macaronesicum. After parking the cars we wandered along a 
track observing both species on the dry-stone walls and soon added Asplenium onopteris to 
our list. These proved to be the commonest ferns and we were to see them at most of our 

down which was the really beautiful and majestic Dryopteris oligodonta. Further along, 

where the trail divided, we came across Selagine/la denticulata. 

After proceeding a little further our leader had us looking for a fern that he had found earlier, 

which turned out to be Polystu ' um sciifcn m We then discovered Asplenium hemionitis, a 

real little gem. After a photograph with the laurisilva as our backdrop we returned the same 

way and settled down for what became a regular dish at lunchtime - goat. 

Santiago del Teide Tim Pyner 

Following our lunch at the restaurant we drove a short distance to an old lava field just 

outside Santiago del Teide. Andrew had explained during lunch that he had stumbled on the 

area on an earlier visit and had found that several species of cheilanthoid ferns grew 

amongst the loose volcanic rocks. 

As we parked it could be seen that the area was very different from that seen on the 

seemed to be a hill gently sloping away from the road. However, once we started 
clambering over the rocks there were depressions and mounds that seemed to be randomly 
arranged across the site. Interspersed were outcrops of volcanic rock. It was on these 
outcrops that the ferns were most frequent, although they also occurred among the loose 
rocks. Almost immediately after leaving the cars large clumps of Notholaena marantae 
were found. Many fronds were over 30cm in length and were glabrous and dark green on 
the upper surface. The under surface was covered with pale brown scales, which were 
whitish on the in i tive contrast. 

We were fortunate to be visiting after a rather wet period and Andrew commented several 
times through the week that the ferns were all looking more lush than normal. This was 
particularly useful when searching for xerophytic ferns, as they were all unfurled and easy 

With the help of a crib sheet we started looking at other ferns. The next species to gain our 

surfaces giving them a greyish appearance. This was Cosentinia vellea, which proved to be 
fairly frequent over the whole area and formed small clumps or tufts of attractive woolly 
leaves. Further searching revealed the next species, Cheilanthes pulchella. This small fern is 
not very scaly and has dark green, leathery fronds with elongated pinnules. One diagnostic 
feature is the entire indusium along the pinnule margin. This species also proved to be 
frequent in the area. The group gradually separated whilst searching for more species. Once 
we met up again much discussion and head scratching ensued while looking at the crib sheet. 
The result was that we were satisfied that a fourth species was also growing on the site. This 
appeared to be C. maderensis. This had short indusia on the pinnule lobes and the fronds were 
quite small, hardly scaly and a rather brighi given. It seemed to be quite scarce. 

One other fern grew on the site; occasional fronds of Davallia canar 
growing from the loose cinders. Michael investigated how deep a rhiz 
no sign of it even after removing 30cm of loose cinders. The fronds w 
yellowish but seemed otherwise healthy. 

iensis could be seen 
ome grew but found 
/ere rather small and 

For those not solely interested in ferns the cinder field proved very 
dominant plants were both succulents endemic to the Canaries. Senecic 

interesting. The two 

i kleima is a shrubby 

ragwort that loses its leaves in the dry season leaving a rounded bush with flesln stems 
Aeonium urbicum is like a massive house-leek perched on a solitary woody stem. Both 
these species grew commonly on this site, giving a very weird effect. Another succulent, 
Monanthes pall ■' and formed 

rewarding, and the whole day provided a good start to the rest of the week. 

Sunday 1st December - Teno Mountains Alison Evans 

On our way to the car park in Puerto de la Cruz we saw ( yrtomium fall atum grow ing high 
on a wall near the sea front. On the journey to Erjos we stopped to take photos from a seafront 
viewpoint, the mirador San Pedro and then again at the ( amel ( entie in El Tanquc. 
At Erjos, after crossing a small valley with agave, prickly pears and a eucalyptus wood, the 
walk was on a good track through laurel forest. Species along the track were Davallia 
canahensis, Asplenium onopteris. I'leridium aipiilmuin. Drvopteris oligodonta. Polypodium 

back we found a few more A. aureum, and Tim and Michael found one plant of A. hemioniiis. 
We spent the afternoon in the Botanic Gardens, where there were too many ferns for me to 

Monday 2nd December - Orotava Valley Paul Ripley 

Setting out through Orotava, we soon entered the cool cloud and mist, stopping first at a 
fish farm at Aguamansa. Where does all this water come from? Apart from fish, we saw 
Preridinm un eneris and ( \ -i> >pk > is // </g/, ^ the latter growing 

in walls, and also a nice rainbow through the clouds. Nearby we explored a dry river-bed 
(barranco) where, in the rocks, we saw Polypodium macaronesicum, Davallia canariensis, 

Further up the road at La Caldera (1,050m a.s.l.) we visited a number of barrancos. This 
area of pine forest was botanically rather uninteresting but in the largely dry stream-beds we 
again saw Polypodium nun arone^it um. Davallia canariensis, Asplenium onopteris, 
Pteridium aqailinum. Unfortunately most of us lost the advance party and 
seeing Asplenium aureum at what Patrick described as the best site of the week. . . 

Behind the Visitor Centre, in the clear dry air, we explored a moonscape where survival of 
anything but a few scrubby shrubs seemed miraculous. However, in cracks in crags 
resulting from solidified lava we found Cheilanthes tinaei (very small, and recognisable by 
small, bright red glandular hairs on the frond under-surface) and C. guanchica. While 
pontificating vacuously on the differences between C. guanchica and C. maderensis (fronds 
of the latter appear to shrivel more quickly than others), particularly meaningless since 
C. maderensis probably did not occur at this site, I lost the main party. They walked over 
the moonscape-like lava flow to El Cabecon. The views were stunning but only a few 
C. guanchica were reported. 

e cloud base and light rain, 

, but stopping at a Mirador 

, Davallia canariensis and Dryopteris oligodonta, 

; same Phoenix canai 

ed by the Casa Forestal. Pteridium aquilinum, Asplenium onopteris and 
: roadside. Then eight hardy souls launched 
themselves, like lemmings, over the ridge into the laurel forest towards the village of 
Taganana 620m below. 

Dryopteris oligodonta was soon replaced by contrasting D. guanchica with its dark 
stipes. Both terrestrial and rupestral plants of Davallia canariensis were common at this 
level. As the canopy increased in density, epiphytic D. canariensis was noted on high 
branches amongst the profuse growth of mosses and lichens. Asplenium onopteris was 
common where the canopy was less dense and occasional large specimens of 
Polystichum setiferum were found. Terrestrial and epiphytic Polypodium macaronesicum 
One large colony of 

? j?y 

l sweet pastry (species yet to be 

liforme was present 
mbers, chiefly growing on 
bank that several c " ' 

from the forest, passing 
abandoned vine terraces. The dry- 
stone walls of the terraces were 
awash with Davallia canariensis, 
here growing in full sunlight. 
Finally reaching the village of 
s found that the local bar no longer 
suDDlies of rolls, cheese, salami, 

After lunch we retraced our path back up tl 
sun at last shining, back to the cars parked at the summit ot the i idgc. thus getting a second 
look at the plethora of ferns in the forest. 

Wednesday 4th December - Anaga Mountains Jungle Schedler 

The Hotel Monopol again did not disappoint us. as our wake up call was at 6.30 a.m. sharp. 
Weary, with tired legs and aching bodies we assembled for our. now usual, 7 a.m. breakfast 
and the daily protocol of our day ahead. With the strenuous Tuesday still on our minds, 
Andrew promised us an 'easier' day with the possibility of seeing the tree-fern indigenous 
to the Canary Islands. Culcita macrocarpa. 

We left a sunny Puerto de la Cruz behind and were soon driving up the hair-raising, 
serpentine-like mountain roads to Monte de las Mercedes in the Anaga region. There was 
no need to stop to marvel at Tenerife from the many viewpoints, as we were again 
i thick clouds and mist: wet weather gear was definitely the order of the 

We walked along a mountain path u ith a sheer drop to our side. The whole 

flora was dominanth tree heather, thickly covered with lichen and mosses and the ground 

wet environment. Large H'oodwurdiu radicuns. Drvoptcris "iiandiicu and D. uligodonni 
covered the mountain slopes in abundance. Along the path we spotted Asplenium hemionitis 
and A. onopteris and it was no surprise that we also found, so typical of this region, 
Davulliu caihincnsis and Bkchiuim ypicani. I hree further fern species were not missed 
along the way: Xotholaena mammae. Polypodium macaronesicum and a few patches of 
Selaginel/a denticulata. Isolated specimens of Diplazium caudatum and Polystichum 
setiferum were recorded. To the delight of us all, in a really wet spot so necessary for filmy 
ferns, we found Trichomanes speciosum. And one should not forget the Pteridium 
aqutiimm that mingled amongst all the ferns, so common but quite beautiful in its own 
right. We recorded 14 different species of fern in the morning as we settled down to a well- 
earned lunch in the only, but so typical, Spanish restaurant in El Bailadero. White cheese, 
spicy goat, local rabbit and a mysterious beef stew on Paul's plate, were washed down with 

The weather did not improve for the afternoon session, with persistent heavy clouds and sea 
mist. We returned to the region of the morning, but this time we followed a more forested path 
leading to a more precarious ridge walk with a sharp and steep drop to one side. 
The flora was the same as in the morning, with ferns abundant on the way and we recorded 
all the morning's ferns in a short space of time. On the ridge, engulfed in clouds and mist, 
Andrew pointed out another filmy fern, Hymenophyllum tunbrigense. One patch was 
nestling beautifully at the base of a large tree heather, while another larger patch was 
growing on the ridge face and only accessible for the daring and sure-footed pteridologist. 
We turned back on ourselves, and a short walk along the path we turned inland down a very 
slippery ravine to find a forestry road below. Here we had to find a nearly non-existent path 
leading down another ravine. The sights of the ferns present in this damp and wet ravine 
were breath-tak ring and abundant and was 

admired by all. All the ferns had this deep green colour and looked so perfectly in harmony 

Trichomanes speciosum, with their deep j 
streams in deep shade. For the first time o 
incompleta. What a magical place it was; so much to see and not enough time. Later in the 
afternoon, as our return dawned, Ann spotted up on one slope a fern we had not seen until 
then, Culcita macrocarpa, so different and so beautiful - what a rewarding sight it was 
indeed. Time was running out and we had to find our way out of this ravine and back to our 
cars. On the way we spotted the now usual array of ferns with the total tally for the 
afternoon being 17 different species. 

s had found late on the previous day, a ravine 
i Ujuana at Chinobre, Anaga. Laurel, holly and 
heather forest made the gully dark and rather dank; the forest floor was loose and slippy. 
Our path followed and repeatedly crossed a small stream. A few Dryopteris guanchica and 
Polystichum setiferum were seen at the start of the day, but Dryopteris oligodonta was 
always present and many specimens were large and handsome. Asplenium hemionitis and 
A. onopteris were also found but not as abundantly as on previous days. 
The star ferns of the day were the beautiful Diplazium caudatum, which clothed the valley 
floor with its perfect, emerald green fronds and dark stipe, and the statuesque Culcita 
macrocarpa, which grew high up on the right on the most inaccessible ledges of the 
steepest slopes. Woodwardia radicans was also present in some numbers. There were a few 
epiphytic Davallia canadensis and some Blechnum spicant. Large colonies of Trichomanes 
speciosum grew low down on the stream-banks where nothing else competed; some 
colonies covered up to one square metre. We were unable to find any fertile fronds among 
them. A few examples of Pteris incompleta were found among the Diplazium caudatwn and 
some Polypodium macaronesicum was seen. After a scramble down by an industrial 
building of some sort, where Pteridium aquilinum was seen, we walked back up to the road 
by way of steep steps cut into the rock. 

the island and we lazed away the final afternoon on the beach at San Andres where some 

hardy souls swam in the sea. 

Postscript Andrew Leonard 

After the meeting had finished 1 stayed on for a well earned holiday I rc\ isited some of the 
sites and at Santiago del Teide found small plants ol Inogramma leptophvlla. In the 
gardens leading to the in Puerto de la Cm/ in addm.m ... ml,,, k-rns .here *as Pteris 


pleasantries at the Ship Hotel, Parkgate, South Wirral. 

The following morning we were joined at Ness Botanic Gardens (33/305756) by fur 
travellers, many of whom had set off before dawn to make a full day of it. We had a tou 
the gardens, ostensibly led by our host for the weekend, Paul Ripley. However, 
membership is prone to stray even when gathered in small numbers, and keeping the 3C 
people together was, of course, impossible. 

The gardens were splendid, and despite the meeting being early in the season there 
plenty to see. The ferns were somewhat hard to spot but trained eyes soon made out 
interesting evergreen ones and it did not take people long to discover the tidied remnant 
deciduous plants. The ferns were many and varied and should be visited by us again 
more fitting time of year to do them justice. Several glasshouses also contained a 
interesting ferns. While walking around the gardens ! 

Centre the leader and an American 


of Liverpool's School of Biological Sciences) 
at, with the delightful news that we 
could share them out and take them 
home with us. Hugh gave us a brief 
history of the Gardens, which were 
founded in 1898 by A.K. Bulley 
and were given to the University of 
Liverpool by his daughter in 1948. 
After the AGM we stopped for tea 
and also started the celebrations 
to mark Clive Jermy's seventieth 


h Clive cut and 
distributed to the gathered party. 
We were then given an account 
of the Society's 2001 symposium 
at University of Surrey, Guildford 
by the Co-ordinator of the 

He also spoke briefly of the future 
work to be done by the Species 
Survival Commission Pteridophyte 
Specialist Group (see Fern Gaz. 
16(6-8). In press). Sylvia Martinelli 
and Alan Ogden next treated us to 
excellent slides to illustrate their 
report on the February excursion 
to Chile. From the ferns shown 
and the scenery in which they 

s 70th birthday cake at 

Later, after a glass of sherry, we had dinner, arranged in honour ot our tnend and mentor 
Clive and celebrating his service to the Society for nearly half a century. After a pleasant 
meal our President, Alastair Wardlaw, gave a speech in Clive's honour and kept us in 

rare treat of listening to some tunes by James Merryweather on his renaissance English and 
Flemish bagpipes (including Allez a lafougere, see Pteridologist 2(6): 256. 1995), we returned 
to the Ship Hotel to reminisce on times past and plot the way forward in the world of ferns. 
The following morning, a somewhat smaller group assembled near Red Rocks, West Kirby, 
to examine the large stand of F.quisctum x traclivodon (E. hyemale x E. variegatum) on the 
coastal dune slacks (33/208878). Time did not permit us to investigate the full extent of 
the colony, but in 1979 Marian Barker reported that it stretched for 1.3km. We did not find 
either parent, although both have been recorded in the Wirral in the past (Fern Gazette 
12(1): 59-60. 1979). Alongside the road where \ 
supporting Polypociiui 

group was consequently dispersed in all directions, so few of us saw the ferns at the Wirral 
Country Park on the old platform of Thurstaston Station (33 23SS35). the most notable 

Lunch was taken at The Cottage Loaf, where we were reduced to around 12 members from 
here we went our separate ways. 

We would like to thank everyone who contributed in any way to the smooth running of 
the weekend. I would like to say a special thank you to Mrs Pat Reynolds, who produced 
the superbly decorated cake for Clive's birthday from the scantiest of drawings. We must 
also thank Paul Ripley, whose idea it was to hold the \CiM at Ness and whose planning 
over the preceding year and a quarter brought the whole venture through to a perfect 


Ten of us met outside the delightful National Trust Gardens at Sissinghurst Castle 
(51/808383) on a morning that proved far better than the forecasts all week had been 
predicting. It was nice to have Pauline Alexander and her daughter Felicity and Rosemary 
Powis with us for the first time. We were fortunate to have Jack Hubert with us, who, 
having visited the gardens regularly, was able to direct us to all the best places for ferns as 

The ferns are really quite numerous and also varied, with interesting species as 

cultivars. Some are planted singly, whilst oth< 

struthiopteris and Onoclea sensibilis, so nun* 

naturally-occurring ferns on the walls as well 

After refreshment at The Brown Trout, we moved on to Scotney Castle Gardens 

(51/688353), also National Trust. Here the ferns were fewer and less diverse but were set in 

the pleasing setting of an old quarry and around the old castle and lake. The lakeside 

osmundas were over seven feet tall and were accompanied by Onoclea sensibilis. 

Other ferns common to both sites were Blechnum chilense, 

muraria and A. v< olopeiulrii 
EDINBURGH - 20-23 Ju 

Pat Acock 

^drian Dyer, 

> \er\ different long weekend, 

at the start of the week during 


A. flexile. She began with the history of their discovery and their distribution, going on to 
describe her research. This had shown that although A. flexile comes true from spores, 
A. distentifolium often produces some plants of A. ■ il I flexile is a 

variety of A. distentifolium with a recessive gene that gives it an advantage in the wild, 
especially in places of lower nutrient levels. 

Adrian next gave us a k 
Britain's rarest fern. Nc 
fertility of the spores wr 
for this, including the 

s of Woods ia ih 

After coffee, > 

tonia Eastwood gave an interesting talk on the decision-making process in 
the conservation of endemics on the mid Atlantic Islands. One endemic species on St 
Helena, Microstaphyla furcata, had been reduced to monotypic status by Gomez (1975). 
However, it was shown by Mickel (1980) to be closely related to the two endemic species 
of Elaphoglossum on St Helena. Antonia has found recently that one of these is derived 
from M. furcata and the other endemic Elaphoglossum. Since M. furcata occurs in 
quantity and is not really monotypic, this should be coi 

1 Hutchins had put i 

brary, which we 
one of the participants with Eaton's North 
copy as soon as he arrived home! 

*>•- f-». . 

Standing: Jonathan W 

Tim Godfrey, Alan V 
Sitting. -Ann ( o 

'is on first day « 

After lunch we were taken on a tour of the RBGE ferns, especially those in the Fern House. 

Words fail one in trying to describe such a wonderful place in such limited space. We 

visited it a couple more times over the weekend. It is to be regretted thai there in nowhere 

like it in the South of England now that RBG Kew's fern holdings are diminished. 

The evening was spent at Heather's magnificent garden, where you were (lightened to say 

how much you liked a plant in case she dug it up for you and left a space where there should 

not be one. Even so, I came away with a carrier bag full, determined to study Dryopteris 

dilatata and D. expansa growing side by side so that 1 should know the difference. 

Friday 21st Robert Sykes 

Some day this, combining the best of expert instruction, practical study, looking at ferns 

under cultivation and in the field, and a gratifying, totally un-pteridological walk. 

We started with a talk by Adrian Dyer about the fern life-cycle, which (tor this participant) 

suppose I would have known, if I had thought about it. the e\traordmar\ proposition that 
the minute fern spore contains all the genetic informal ion foi both the LMinctoplnic and 
sporophyte generations. Since the sporophyte cannot walk away, the site where the 
gametophyte germinates must satisfy the requirements of both generations, if the plant is to 
survive. As the gametophyte is a poor competitor, this may explain why some ferns are rare 
in the wild, notwithstanding that they grow easily enough in cultivation (e.g. Woodsia 
ilvensis and Dryopteris submontane), and why ferns produce a prodigious number of spores 
(ten billion a year apparently for a large Dryopteris), in order for the odd few here and there 
to hit the reproductive button. New insights (for me) included the propositions that if spores 
are sown too closely, then the overcrowded gametophytes may produce only males; that 
moisture, coupled with darkness, can increase spore longevity; and that the moment of 
meiosis takes place in the maturing sporangia - the spore is the product of it. 
Mary Gibby then produced some pots of spores sown three months earlier, and some agar 
plates with very young ones sown two weeks previously. The various gametophytes were 
examined under the microscope, to find and identify for ourselves the cells dividing, the 
rhizoids growing down from the developing cells, the archegonia and the antheridia (the 
female and male structures on the gametophyte). All of these we found and saw under our own 
microscope or somebody else's. Fascinating, as well as very beautiful. I don't think anyone 
successfull) stimulated the sperms to swim through the moisture film - a game to play at home. 
Coffee, and another talk by Adrian, this time about other forms of reproduction. He made 
the point that while sexual reproduction allows for a mix of inherited characteristics and 
greater versatility to adjust to new conditions, asexual reproduction allows the 'non- 
dismantled' genotype to take maximum advantage of a constant habitat. He took us through 
the various tonus of vegetative reproduction, such as new individuals on the tip of the frond 
(e.g. Woodwardia radicans), bulbils along the rachis, horizontal stolons (e.g. Matteuccia 
struthiopteris i or branching rhizomes without horizontal stolons, yielding the familiar huge 
clumps of, for example, Dryopteris filix-mas. He also, rather more challengingly, explored 
apomixis, where meiosis is modified, the chromosome number is unchanged, and the spore 
therefore yields an effective clone of the parent. The phenomenon occurs in plants that are 
hybrids, uneven polyploids (e.g. Phegopteris connectilis), or both. 

Using a microscope linked to a television screen, Mary set up a demonstration of Irene 
Manton's famous technique for counting chromosomes. She worked with the immature 
sporangia of a Diyopteris species. The trick is to hit the precise moment of meiosis: too early 
and no division has taken place, too late and the spores are already formed. She lifted a sorus 
onto a slide with a pair of tweezers, put a drop of stain on and cleaned off the indusium leaving 


5 sporangia on th< »d pressed 

der a cover slip. What we then saw under the microscope was fascinating; what we r 

i see was any chromosomes, illustrating the need for great patience as well as great skill. 





i we were offered a choice of three sessi< 
. She illustrated her analysis of the eight n 

roniem i with overheads and living material I aim.. 

vide (Jenny & Camus) and Heather (wearing as eve 

Sh; : 

I opted for Heather McHaffie on 
: species (only eight! - what's the 
my copy of The Illustrated Field 
lemed tee-shirt) gave us copies of 

1 quite straightforward, 

! branches between thumb and foref 
will need to look back at the notes to make a definitive dia 
those hybrids. I don't say 'sheath teeth' a lot, but when I do 1 
She had collected some Equisetum spores, which differ from fern spores 
elators, which contract and expand with moisture. We enjoyed looking at 
microscope and watching them open and shut as we breathed on the 
somebody wanted to take some home for his children. 

ways think of Heather. 

(which are unsportingly. but characteri>iica . , . , . emm, i.h 

challenge), as well as rows and rows of Woodsia livens is, slum ing how well they 
ot the wdd, and other hardy ferns. The fern pots were set on sand, which 

through the shade an or. and \ 

le Sheep's Heid. we went up to Hunter's Bog (36/273733) under 
Arthur's Seat. This whole area of hilly parkland is a wonderful facihn on the fringe of the city . 
Park Ranger Jenn> llatgica\cs look us to the population of Ophh^lossnm vulgatnm growing 

■, flanked by t 

We then moved round the 1 
growing in the cracks on a cliff. They included the old familiars. Asplenium ruta-murana. 
A. adiantum-mgrum and .!. triehomanes. but there were also some handsome clumps o\' 
A. septentrionale, far more lush than I have ever seen it before in the UK. and. the thrill of 
the evening, Asplenium x murheekii. the very rare .(. ruta-muraria x .!. septentrionale 
hybrid. A vigorous plant, it looked rather like ! rnta-murarui. but with liner pinnae. 
And finally a walk up Arthur's seat in the dusk to yield line \iews of the city, the distant 
hills and the far away hump of the Bass Roek. A great dw Our grateful and well-earned 
thanks to all concerned, particularly this day to Adrian, who planned it. ga\e two talks and 
led the field excursion, and to the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, which generously 
allowed us the use of the laboratory and equipment free of charge. 

Saturday 22nd Graham Ackers 

Following the classroom-based fern identification tutorials the previous day, today's 
activities provided us with the opportunity to put our identification skills into practice. With 
the delegates suitably deployed in cars, we headed for Roslin Glen (36/274632). several 
miles due south of Edinburgh. On arrival, the earlier drizzle having abated, Adrian 
announced confidently during the car park briefing that he had 'switched off the rain'. Hmm. 
Passing some clumps of Asplenia 
ruined castle, a fascinating and r 
harbouring A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalent A. seolopenJrinm and ihyopteris Mix-mas. 
We then explored the north side of the steep but wide valley of the River North Esk. The site 
consisted of highly scenic, relatively undisturbed, ancient mixed woodland, with a good 
collection of ferns. At the first sighting of Dryoptem dilatata. Heather gave an enthusiastic 
account of the characteristics of the species, and continued in similar vein for several of the 
other species seen. These included Atlnrium filix-femina. Ihyopteris filix-mas, D. affinis 
subspp. affinis and borreri and other forms of D. affinis that were more difficult to place, 
Hlecliiiuin spicani and Ptehdium ac/uilinum. all reasonably common. Less common were 
Polvpodiuni hitcrjeetiiin? Polvstieliiim aeiileatum and Oreopteris limhosperma. the latter 
represented by a single specimen, which had (only just) survived a recent riverbank collapse. 
The sessions during the previous day had included horsetails, so lessons learnt were put into 
practice by see '<""■' arvense. E. telmateia (an impressive stand in a 

wet flush), and a very small number of E. hyemede, the location of which was aided by the 

gametophytes, observing their structure and attempting their identification, difficult 
it some loss of dignity! 

Adrian's di\ine powers had deserted him, because considerable quantities < 
descended upon us for much of the morning! Lunch was taken in a private room 
pub, and provided Ken Trewren with the opportunity to help us differentiate 

For the second part of the afternoon, we returned to the Dean Village area of Edinburgh, 
and visited the Dean Cemetery (36/237739). The grandiose gravestones suggested that this 
was the resting-place for the Edinburgh elite. Even the ferns seemed to want to show off a 
little, with several examples of crested varieties of Asplcnium u olopciulrium and ■Uhyrium 
ti!ix-lc»unu (fine if you like that sort of thing). We also saw Diyopteris lili.x-mas. /). dihitata. 

rcgali*. A little wander around picturesque Dean Village yielded Asplcnium trichomanes. 
1 ailiautum-ni^rum and I . -v • do/h aJrium in walls around the Water of Leith (it's a river!). 
In the evening we met at the historic Ye Olde Peacock Inn in Newhaven Village, where 
again we had our own room. After the meal, Adrian gave a charm r 

on the 'Myth Propagation of Ferns". I do hope Adrian can be persuaded to reproduce his 
talk in article form, because any summary here could not possibly do it justice. Finally, 
Alastair Wardlaw gave a vote of thanks to the three organisers of the meeting, who had 
prepared and presented the programme so well. 

On Sunday, led by Heather McHaffie, we visited a raised hog: Red Moss Wildlife Reserve 
at Balerno (36/164638). The bog was made accessible by a boardwalk that allowed us to 
look down on the area without damaging it - or ourselves. The area was fringed by birch and 
goat willow where many small birds sang while remaining elusive in the branches. Ragged 
robin, meadowsweet and pale common spotted orchids accompanied us along our way. 
Diyopteris dilatatu and /.) a thu- ana grew in abundance and provided an opportunity to 
A possible hybrid D. x deweveri was spotted but not 
atile, E. arvense and E. palustre. were 
1 with Heather's help. A single specimen of Blechnum spicant and some Athvrium 
filix-temina completed the list of pteridophytes. 

As we walked out o\ er the centre of the bog the trees gave way to an open expanse of 
cotton grass and heathers. Here lay the sinister traps of sundews, wide open and glistening 
in the sun, awaiting their next catch amongst a variety of mosses and lichens. 
Adrian and Janet Dyer kindly opened their house and garden to the group for lunch. The 
garden descended steeply from the house, giving eye-level views of a range ol terns 
expertly cultivated by Adrian. Only when we reached the bottom of the slope could we 
appreciate the extent of the site. Main native species and some foreign ferns looked 
perfectly at home in an area cleared of dead elm trees 20 years previously. Adrian even 

The visit marked the end of a most enjoyable and well organised meeting. 



Moonwort and Adder's tongue Survey, North York Moors - 25 Mas 

Barry Wright 

Following the significant disruption to feming activities during 2001 caused by loot and 
mouth disease n 


guaranteed to see good colonies, 

In 2001 we surveyed a road th; 

in the moors, and also investigated two adjoining roads that unfortunately both proved 

unfruitful, hem- totalis devoid ot moonwort and adder's tongue. The -fruitful' section 

we surveyed was roughls between 45 "32022 and 45 747057 on the road between 

Rosedale Abbey and Lealholm and revealed a large number of moonwort colonies on 

both sides of the road as well as a single, small colon} of adder's tongue. 

The intention this year was to continue southwards from 45/732022 as far as the junction at 

45/746000. In addition, 1 had previously made records for moonwort on the road from 

Hutton-le-Hole to Castleton; there was a colons at 45 683040. 

On the day of the current survev 1 was earls for the meeting and was driving to 

45/683040 and happened to stop on the road at 44 697918. It was not long before I found 

several colonies of moonwort and a single colony of adder's tongue. I also stopped at 

44/689963 and was again rewarded by further colonies of both species. On this basis, 

when I met up with the rest of the group, we decided to study this road in greater detail. 

We met at the Danby Lodge visitor centre just east o\ Daubs village. We were fortunate 

that Ken Trewren was available to come on this meeting as he took us on a short detour to 

look at a very handsome specimen of Dryopteris > 

was growing on the side of the railway 1 

parents: D. filix-mas and P ufihus subsp. 

show everybody known colonies i 
their eye in' for these species. Oi 
the small colony of adder's tongue using the GPS. As 1 drove slowly to the spot, 1 was 
watching the numbers on the display slowly counting down towards what would 
hopelulls be the exact location tor the fern. I approached and drove ever more slowly as 
the numbers approached the exact figures from the previous year's encounter (45/73806 
03815). At the exact number on the display I got out of the car and was more than 
amazed to find the colony less than 30 centimetres away from my front-wheel! This also 
amazed the assembled group and reaffirmed the accuracy that GPS devices can now 

:d this solitary colony we con; - 1 al colonics 

of moonwort. These seemed to be slightly less abundant than in 2001 and the plants tended to 
be relam cly small, rarely exceeding five or six centimetres. It was at this point that the weather 
threatened to deluge us with one of Yorkshire's gentle spring showers. By the time we had 
dodged the raindrops and got our eye in for the size of plant we would be looking for, it was 
getting on for lunch-time so we repaired to a pub at Rosedale Abbey. After lunch, the rain 
clouds seemed to have gone somewhere else and we were able to spend most of the afternoon 
in relatively dry conditions, bordering on sunny. From here we all went our separate ways to 
study sections of roads already identified. These data have yet to be analysed in any detail, but 
it continues to be a source of puzzlement as to why colonies are restricted to one side of the 
road. A gratifying result of the survey this year was that we recorded a great many more 
adder's tongue colonies than in previous years. Of particular note was a very significant and 
extensive colony located by Alastair, which ran between 45/73936 00997 and 45/73946 00987 
and was of hundreds of spikes (unless Alastair is an angler in his spare time!). 
At the end of the day we were kindly invited back to Egton Bridge by Ken Trewren for a 
cup of tea and a look round his garden. This was most welcome and interesting, particularly 
as Ken was able to show us some of the differences between various members of the 
Dryopteris qffinis group. In particular he was able to show us specimens that he had 
collected from the North York Moors that did not fit any of the recognised morphotypes of 
Anthony Pigott's Affinis Watch leaflet. Altogether a very interesting and rewarding day. 
Thanks to Ken for his expertise and hospitality. We will continue this survey in subsequent 
years and I hope that we can begin to revisit some of the colonies to monitor variation in the 
number of above-ground parts of this fascinating pair of native British ferns. 

Miller's Dale, Derbyshire- 15 June 

Paul Ruston 

From Buxton to Bakewell the Rr 
plateau of the White Peak, giving 
dales and the countryside around 1 

^imliny.). Kichard Unett 

:o the Carboniferous Limestone 
lie and precipitous dales. These 
n extensively exploited for their 

extracted tor buildim: and road 

i .tkuminc ruse 

worked during the last and early part of the previous century, are small by comparison and 
are now valuable habitats for wildlife. The Miller's Dale Quarry Nature Reserve (Fnglish 
Nature) was to be our first call, to relocate the colony of adder's tongue that 1 found there 
many years ago and perhaps also to find moonwort. 

Six of us met at the disused Miller's Dale Railway Station (43/137732) and set off to visit 
the nearby reserve. On the way there we saw Asplenium ruta-muraria. A. trichoinanes 
subsp. quadrivalent Drvoptens filix-mas. C'vstoptcris fragilis and a Polypodium on the 
brick pillars of the old railway viaduct (43/139732) (the dismantled railway is now the 
Monsal Trail). The ascent to the quarry begins at the disused limekilns not at all ferny 
and terminates where the remains of a stone-built structure languish beneath the shade of 
willow saplings. Here, Ken Trewren noticed a very robust Asplenium n n homanes with long 
fronds and large, dark green, slightly lobed pinna segments. Was it A. trichoinanes subsp. 
pachyrachis or merelv subsp. qnadrivalens'l Ken's investigation, at a later date, determined 
that it was the latter. Our search through the low herbage of the reserve re\ealed the adder's 
tongue (Ophioglossum vulgaium) covering quite an extensive area (43 139731) and many 

The area is rich with orchid species, for which it is rcnow ned and the spoil heaps were thick 
with common twayblade (Listera ovata). yet to flower. Diyopteris fUix-mas filled the 
spaces between the large limestone blocks at the foot of the old quarry face. 
We returned to the Monsal Trail and set off in the direction of Priestcliffe Lees Nature 
icolopendrium with crisped fronds was seen, occupying the 
i and crevices of the cuttings supported Cystopteris fragilis. 

piadrivalens . A lone I rj • as spotted in a 

crevice mid-way up the rock-face. By the edge of the trail, a wooded area of scree 
overlooking the river was densely populated with A. trichoinanes subsp. quadrivalcns 
(43/151731). There wasn't time to visit the nature reserve, so we took the opportunity to 
cross the river by the timber foot-bridge to return to Miller's Dale and the Fisherman's Rest 
(43/143734) for lunch. Along the lane beside the river we saw Equisetum Jluviati/e. very 
tall and branched, and, in the shade of the willows, Polystichum aculeatum and Polypodium 

on the roadside bank. 
After lunch we entered Monk's Dale Nature Reserve (English Nature) as a quick prelude to 
following the River Wye to Chee Tor. This gave us many of the ferns previously seen, 
along with Equisetum arvense at the edge of the stream. Taking a short c 
to rejoin the trail, Barry Wrij 
the fertile fronds were quit 
immediate area for more plants was, unfortunately, without gain. 

Our walk to Chee Tor (43/123733) gave us, at the entrance to the railway tunnel (now 
closed), our first Diyopteris dilatatti o( the day. D. filix-mas and Athvrium filix-femina. 
There w as Equisetum arvense along the banks of the river. This steep-sided and tree-shaded 
area was well populated with Polystichum auileatum, and Diyopteris affmis subspp. affinis 
and borreri were also present. Beneath the Tor, the river is narrowly confined between high 
cliffs. Here, Flag Dale joins the Wye and Wormhill spring rises and bubbles from the 
ground, seemingly copious, cold and clear. There was Asplenium scolopendrium in 
abundance here, in varying stages of development. It was agreed that a fern seen close by 
the water's edge on the opposite side of the river was a Polypodium, possibly P. inter jet turn 
and not, as first thought, Polystichum a, uleatum; the narrow fronds had an estimated length 
of 50-60cm. After taking many photographs we returned to the car park. 

'Fascinating Ferns' - Nidderdale, North Yorkshire - 29 June Robert Adams 

This Leeds & District Fern Group meeting took place on Saturday 29th June in combination 
with a Nidderdale Festival event. Under the title of 'Fascinating Ferns', the purpose of the 
event was to introduce people to the subject of pteridology, in particular the identification 
of native species, and also to give members of our Group the opportunity to explore Skrikes 
Wood (44/153643), the privately owned site of the meeting. No member of Leeds & District 
Fern Group, oil k attended, but twelve enthusiastic (and fee-paying) 

members of the public spent a pleasant day looking at the ferns of this attractive site. 
Altogether thirteen species of fern were found: Pterhliuni aauitimim. Aihvnum li/ix-leminu. 
Dryopteris filix-mas, D. dilatata, D. affini •num spicant and Oreopteris 

limbospernia in the woodland soil itself, with Isplcn •mi • olopend urn. I trichomanes 
subsp. quadrivalens, A. ruta-muraria. Pol\ podium intcrjcctum and Cystopteris frugilis 
growing in the mortared walls. All these species were viewable from footpaths, as required 
by the Health and Safety rules of the Nidderdale Festival. Permission was obtained from the 
owner of the wood for anyone who wished to do so to explore away from the paths after the 
event itself had finished. Only two of us did so. Scrambling over the large sandstone 
boulders that lie in the stream that flows through this deep-sided woodland, we eventually 
found two patches of Hymenophyllum wilsonii. 

Several of the participants confessed to being captured by the fascination of ferns and asked 
for further information including details of the BPS, so I feel justified in calling the meeting 
a success despite the absence of BPS members. 

Castlebeck and Scar Woods, North York Moors - 20 July Barry Wright 

The prospect of deteriorating weather did not dissuade a hardy band of members from 
exploring these woods in the North York Moors. Ken Trewren had originally intended to run 
this visit, but he was unexpectedly called away on a foreign trip. As a contingency we had 
arranged for me to go round the woods with him before he left, so that. <„, the clay, I had more 
than a fighting chance of locating some interesting ferns in such a large tract of woodland. 
We met at 44/950980 and the day began with a fruitless excursion to attempt to locate some 
Phegopteris connectilis along one of the tributaries of the river (44/949985). We also tried 
again to locate a colony of Trichomanes speciosum gametophyte along another tributary 
(44/946980) where Ken was sure he had seen it. This again proved fruitless so we began the 
long walk down the valley towards some other tributaries feeding into the river. Along the 
way we saw I Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris affinis subsp. borreri, 

D. dilatata, D. filix-mas. Oreopteris limhosperma, I'olxpndnmi interjectum. Polvstichum 
tiuikutiim. the ubiquitous I'lei dmm <i (l nili>inm md lupuseium juilustre These tributaries 

proved to be more rewarding, with good colonies oi Di oj rm a being recorded; I 

missed the D. x deweveri (D. carthusiana x D. dilatata). Further along the trail we visited a 
rock that Ken and I had seen earlier and we were able to find a vu\ small patch of the 
gametophyte of Trichomanes speciosum. 

As the weather continued to deteriorate we began the journey back to the ears alons> another 
tributary valley at 44/950969. It was along here that we encountered some of the more 
unusual morphotypes of Dryopteris a/finn. includinu ■, ver> tohose form that Ken has 
found in several locations throughout' the North York Moors and also Dryopteris offhus 
'morphotype insolent'. It was also interesting to discover good colonies of l>ln,,opn>ris 
connectilis and the horsetails 1( f| syhati urn erowine side In side in 

the saturated woodland soils We were not sure whet] ! utside or 

whether it was the residua! "' ' ', . '' . .'„„,. 

t back to Forge Valley to admire the huge stands of 
also tried again to find the Polystichum x hickncldi 

(/' chiilccitam x l\ sctifcrum). but could only find the two parent species, along with some 

Asplenium scolopendrium. A good day n 

This visit was to be our main horticultural excursion and was to he soi 
a surprise all at the same time. The horticultural element was to be 01 
Eric Baker fern collection. It is always a fitting memorial when someo 
collection of plants lo\ingl\ reinstated in new surroundings. In this c 
3 Brodsworth Hall (44 505iri i under the guardianship of David / 

1 Victorian fernery. The 
seen to be believed. The effort that David and 
to be wholeheartedly applauded. The planting 
skilfully and sympathetically done. Unfortunately, as with many translocations, a 
Df the names seemed to have been lost or become mixed up. We had intended to 
ter on in the year to attempt to correct some of the misnaming and to name others 
! lacking labels, but personal commitments on my part precluded this. However, we 
to revisit next year and carry on supporting this collection by helping with the 

elude species that Eric 

running north/south between Sheffield and Doncaster that seemed as though it might be 
worth investigating. We visited Melton Wood (34/518032), which is managed by 
Doncaster Council and comprise 250 acres of mixed woodland with some areas of beech 
and some of conifers. Disused lime pits in the wood could be interesting. There were few 
ferns to see but Dryopteris fdix-mas, Pteridium aquilinum. Irhvi un li/ix-femiiui and 
Dryopteris dilatata were present. We saw a large number of meadow brown (Maniola 
jurtina) butterflies along the bramble-lined rides; someone thought there must have 
been a recent hatching. 1 had seen a single specimen of Asplenium scolopendrium 
on a previous visit, but did not refind it 'on the day'. (Melton Wood website: 
After a drink at The Boat, Sprotborough (44/537014) we set off for Scaba Wood 
(44/53901 1), which runs alongside the River Don at Sprotborough. After almost an hour of 
looking no ferns had been found and one member of the party had been stung by a wasp; it 
seemed as if the day was going to end on a down beat. But, having turned for home and 
moved back from the river through areas that must at one time have been quarried, we 
found a splendid colony of Asplenium scolopendrium. There were many hundreds of plants, 
but, interestingly, no other ferns at all. 

[Ann's description is more than a little restrained I personal!) have never seen so many 
Asplenium scolopendrium in one place at the same time. It was positively primeval. So 
many luxuriant specimens clothing and dripping from every bank, rocky outcrop and 
cliff. There were actually one or two other ferns about, but very inconspicuous - one 
Dryopteris fdix-mas and two D. affinis subsp. borreri. It is also the first time I haven't 
had to write down bracken | on a group meeting. So that must be a 

record as well! 

Bolton Abbey Woods, Bolton Abbey, Wharfedale, North Yorkshire - 

7 September Barry Wright 

Following a lecture that I gave to the Bradford Botany Group, I was asked if I could lead 
a fern visit to show their members some of the characteristics of the more commonly 
encountered British ferns. With this in mind, 1 decided that one of the best places to take 
people where they could see a good range of species was the woodland bordering the 
Wharfe at Bolton Abbey (44/078553 to 44/059568). It was here that we had earlier 
recorded a wide range of species accessible from the carnage dm e bordering the river. 
These woodlands are characterised by having a mixture of soil conditions ranging from 
acidic to alkaline. This offers a unique opportunity for a variety of ferns to grow. In 
addition to the ferns growing in the soil ue Imalh found out that there is a use lor sycamore 
trees, some of the larger specimens close to the river were acting as epiphytic host for 
colonies of Polypodium interjectum. 

In addition to this species we also found good quantities of Dnopteris tilix-mos. 
D. dilatata, Athvnum fiU^nuna. Unnpteri, utfn .bsp. horren and. of course, 

: less frequent species included l\>!v-m hum aeuleatum. 

>pcihlnum. I:\puu nun arven\e. < h\ opieris limbosperma, 
Phegopteris conneeiilis and {ivnuioai " ■> .- 'eri> 1 here was also a small colony of 
Cy.stopteris fragili^ on a small stone-built bridge mulct nca'h ihe footpath at 44/079554. 
In addition to studying the ferns within the woods at Bolton Abbey we went down to the 
Abbey itself (44/073541) and recorded A.sp'icmum nielunnanes subsp. quadrivalent and 
A. ruta-muraria, along with one or two specimens of A. scolopendrimn. 
Abbey there was a ha4ia that \ 
interjectum. According to one of the parts we were with, there are records of the 
gametophytes o\ Triehomiines \peeiosum close to the river. 

Altogether a very successful meeting, particularly because of the large numbers we 
entertained. 1 tried to make a headcount but lost count at 36. And, despite this being a return 
visit for our local group, eight of our own members were part of this number. I hope that 1 
was able to inspire the botany group and show them that there is interest in plants without 
showy flowers. 


Highgate Cemetery, Stefan Czeladzinski's Garden and Lea Valley Park, 

Six of us met Stefan outside Archway Tube Station on a beautiful spring morning After the 
introductions we proceeded up Highgate Hill, where we cut through Waterloo Park 
Having paid our dues we entered Highgate Cemetery (51/286870) and were immediately 
greeted by large quantities of Equisetum telmateia. We were soon to discover that this plant 
permeates large areas of the cemetery where water comes near the surface of the overlj ing 
clay. There were interesting plants m this well overgrown and wooded graveyard but the 
ics numbered only three species, namely Equiscnun tehnaieia. /' arvense and 
Dryopterisfilix-mas. We did, however, discover a splendid cultivar of D. filix-mas from the 
C nstatum Group. Passing back through Waterlow Park another way we saw a few more ferns 
including a cultivar of Athyriumfilix-femina and Dryopteris affinis 'Cristate' (The King). 
Following lunch at Stefan's favourite pub chain, we either walked or motored to his house 
in Canonbury. We guessed that we were approaching his house, as basement gardens all 
seemed to have an unusually high number of ferns of a more choice nature; it turned out 
that earlier in his career Stefan used to attend to a few of these and always included a couple 
of ferns, or more if he could get away with it. 
the delightful i 
Stefan h 
along with references i 

study of the genus, collecting floras, correspondence 2 

in the field. More surprising is his unique way of growing the plants. 

from oflk. • "Alien the plant outgrows 

interested in over the years. We could not see many 
i their journey back from The Chelsea Flower Show t 

We then made our way to the Lea Valley Park (51 35786 | to sec some interesting 
horsetails in the flat marshy environment of the lower Lea Valley. At the Park's entrance 
we immediately spotted three umbellifers including some majestic lleracleum 
mantegazziamnn. Later we were to find a further three on the riverbanks. There were 
marvellous plants in the area, but despite extensive searching we could only find two 
horsetails. Equisciiim /hihi-.irc and E. arvense. 

i wonder what Stefan will come up with next year. 

New Forest, Hampshire - 20 July Paul Ripley 

Our numbers were augmented by members of the Hampshire and Isle of Wighl W ikUife 
Trust's Flora Group, and altogether about 25 of us assembled in the New Forest at the 
Crockford Bottom car park between Beaulieu and Lymington (40/350990). The meeting 
was planned and organised by Jo Basil, who found us some most interesting sites, quite 
different from our usual habitats. 

We headed north towards the old airfield (41/352001), and on very poor acid heathy soil 
found the two ophioglossums that we had come principally to see: O. vulgarian and 
O. azoricum. In wet flushes/shallow ponds we saw the unmistakable fresh green of 

interesting Drosera species and other plants characteristic of this area. We also saw 
Miliaria in old tank traps beside the B3054. 

After lunch we explored for a short distance the stream on the other side of the road 
(40/352989). Osmunda regalis was growing on the stream banks, and we also found 

Eqiiisctum tluviatilc. E. rclmatcia and E. arvense. 

We gained enormously from the expertise of the Trust's members we were delighted to 

have a grass snake shown to us for instance and hopefully may have gained another 

■ impressive, fieri. 
;e plants appeared t< 
i a definite trunk. 

We were splendidly entertained to tea by 
children are still alive after playing on the hi 
evidently child-free zone behind the house \ 

Frensham Common, Surrey, and Fred and Sue Rumsev's Garden, Aldershot, 
Hampshire - 2 1 September Pat Acock 

Thirteen members and one dog met at Frensham Great Pond (41/845406) at this northern 
corner of the southern heathlands. People had travelled from as far afield as Peterborough 
and Bournemouth, for which we were gr;..,: , , n t „e National 

trust and managed by Waverley Borough Council, is better known for it's reptiles and 
amphibians (all British species occur here, than its pteridophytes, but we managed to 
wheedle them out one at a time until™* I,*'*'*..:.. ^ •• ■ 

very large clumps tiat separated by a hundred 

quarters of the way around the woody edges of the lake were r 
discovered earlier, plus Equisetum fluviatile with a surprisingly high 
of side branches. 

/igate the Great Pond. To start w ith 
but we soon found a little stream 
s rose to four (PteriJium aquihnum. 
x-feminu). with a 

ven more ferny, with Dryopta 
ittle further along the trail were t\ 
ards. Nearly thr 

South-East Group at Frensham C 
Tim Brock, Steve Munyard, Peter Clare, Paul Ripley, K 

And> Martin. Jill Clare. Jo E 

ifter a packed lunch we set off for Frenshai 

arious points on the management of the heathland b 

>ecies of gorse 

Pond. Jill Clare 

i ! 

, and by the time we w a e had actually 

gone in four different groups in four different directions. With the aid of a compass we 
found the best path to the Little Pond, where we added Equisetum arvense to the list and 
saw many of the other ferns seen in the morning, including some fine specimens of 
Dryopteris carthusiana in a marshy inflow to the pond. At the dam end of the pond we saw 
Isplt nium e dam a few of 

us found a good candidate for Dryopteris x deweveri. Wearily we carefully followed the 
waymarks back t< : tea and ice-cream. 

We now made our way to Fred and Sue Rumsey's home in Aldershot. In Fred's street 
there is a large colony of Equisetum x litorale in a seep line. We were met by our hosts 
for a guided tour of the garden. Needless to say it was packed with fascinating ferns. 
Most were European or Macaronesian, with a few interesting ones from further away, 
such as a magnificent plant of Polystichum vestitum from New Zealand. The other plants 
were all unusual and selected by Fred for their uniqueness. I especially liked the 
euphorbias and \m. We were also treated to a browse through Fred's 

We should like to thank Steve and Karen Munyard, who planned and led the day, for all 
their hard work, and Fred and Sue for a splendid tea and garden visit that rounded off the 
day perfectly. 

St Leonard's Forest, West Sussex, and Ewhurst, Surrey - 12 October 
(Leaders: Graham Ackers & Lesley Williams) Peter Clare 

Sheepwash Gill. This Sussex Wildlife Trust nature reserve comprising a steep, narrow 
Wealden stream valley in St Leonard's Forest, near Horsham, West Sussex, was the first 
venue of the day. 

Ten members met in Roosthole Forestry Commission car park (51/209298) and, 
undaunted by the wet weather, proceeded down the path into the Gill. We made our way 
upstream, crossing and re-crossing the meandering stream as we went. Clambering over 
numerous fallen trees we were rewarded for our efforts by the sight of some quite 
magnificent stands of Blechmtm spicant - very large specimens bearing tall fertile 
fronds. We also noted several specimens of Oreopteris limhosperma, some of which 
were also large. Other ferns we encountered were Uhyrium filix femina, Dryopteris 
ddatata, D. filix-mas and Ptendium aquilnmm. Jack Hubert spotted some lily-of-the- 

We i- 

1 St Leonard's Forest. 

r way back to the car park via a higher path flanked by some very large beech 

Architectural Plants, Nuthurst, West Sussex (51/194261). I was particularly keen to visit 
this nursery, as it has a reputation for supplying a wide range ot plants, including specimen 
plants and bamboos. I had also heard about its somewhat unusual wooden buildings. The 
nursery is very well laid out and very clean and tidy. The stock is healthy, well labelled and 
well cared for. There is a range of pot-grown ferns, mainly 'evergreen' because that is what 

Cyrtonmim tahiitum. Dicksonia 

Icnsc. B spiccii 

f'o/ysticiwm niimirimi. /' 

/' scutemm. Ptcris civticu and Ithodwardia radicans. Outside, behind the wonderful 
wooden office building, we saw Blechmtm < ink mt /Vi i ,, n ,„ „ nm and Woodwardia 

Ihe owner, Mr Angus White, once a member of this Society, suggested that we might like 
to see some Dicksunia antanth-u sporelinus. which had appeared on the banks of a deep 
ditch under some larger D. antarctica. The youngsters were urowinu in situ and one was 
already forming a trunk. Further investigation of this area revealed hundreds of sporelings 
growing further upstream on the vertical sides of the streambank We also noted Dryopteris 
affinis subsp. borreri var. robusm and lrh\ rum, /i/n -femhm 

We managed (just!) to tear ourselves away from tins marvellous place to adjourn for lunch 
m the adjacent Black Horse pub (a masterstroke of nurse,, siting, Angus!). 
Our thanks to Angus White for letting us run amnk in hi. « rMm 

Sayers Croft Field Centre, Ewhurst, Surrey (51/089399). We were met b\ Lesle> 
Williams, who works at the Centre and was to be our guide for this venue. Sayers Croft 
used to house evacuees during the Second World War, and we saw photographs and war 
memorabilia in one of the buildings. Lesley also showed us an American crayfish that was 
found in one of the ponds on the site ne. in an aquarium, and was 

We moved on to a field of unimproved grassland, recently acquired by the Sayers Croft 
Environmental and Educational Trust, and were shown two plants of Oreopteris 
limbosperma. We then headed on to explore another site. Cooeyhursl (nil. in woodland 
also recently acquired by the field centre. Ferns seen included Athyrium filix-fcminu. 
Asplcniam scolopcmlriitm. B/cc/mum spicunt. Hrvoplcris uffmis subsp. horreri and 
subsp. borreri var. rohusta. I), curthusiuiht and />. Jihnutu. main ot which were deer- 
browsed. Tim Brock pointed out an undulate form ot \splcnium sialopcihlrium and 
Steve Munyard found a plumose Athyrium filix-fcmiiui. On the wa\ back through the 
field centre we saw a large specimen of Drvopicris <///////'«, subsp. ultimo growing h\ one 
of the ponds. 

Graham and Lesley's garden, Walliswood, Surrey. We were treated to a wonderful 
cream tea and shown around the garden to inspect the fern collection, the aquatics and the 
conservatory plants. Later on, Paul Ripley. Howard Matthews and \ndrew Leonard showed 

Our thanks to Graham and Lesley for a truly great day. 


Indoor Meeting, Little Thurlow, Suffolk - 27 January Rosemary Stevenson 

It was with great pleasure that 13 members and friends once again converged on Little 
Thurlow for what has become our traditional mid-winter raising of the spirits by reminders 
of past fern hunting successes and whetting of appetites for our planned visits in the warmer 
r tl t )me. As always, Mary Hilton welcomed us into her beautiful home with the 

stive feel of the occasion. 
This year our speaker was a member of our own East Anglian Group. Most of us knew that 
Anne Beaufoy had taught in Australia for the majority of her career and that she is, in 
addition, an inveterate traveller to places of interest. So it was with keen anticipation that 
we settled down to view the slides illustrating her talk entitled 'Botanical Wanderings with 
a Ferny Flavour'. 

local Natural History Society in Suffolk with a botanical survey of each parish in her area. 
Visits to relatives in Devon then provided the ideal location for rapidly expanding her 
interest in and knowledge of ferns. Her reference books were the cheap, second-hand 
volumes of Victorian fern manuals, which were still readily available at that time. Armed 
with these, her explorations led her first to the higher, inland area of Dartmoor where she 
disco\ ered the more common ferns as \. t and H. wilsonii. 

The Devon lanes provided another rich source of ferns, which mixed happily on the banks 
and walls with wild flowers. On the coast she discovered Asplenium marinum and 
A. obovatum subsp. billotii as well as Cuscato epithyrium (lesser dodder) and Scilla 

were the source of her illustrations of Thciyptens pahistns. Dnoptcris cartlmshnia and 
D. cristata, which were of particular interest What ! asi Anglia lacks in ferns it certainly 
makes up for with its many interesting wild flowers. Anne possesses an extremely wide 
knowledge of botany, and indeed of all natural history, so we benefited throughout her talk 
when fern slides were interspersed with illustrations of other indigenous plants. 
Anne showed us 'lus-veneris at Salisbury and 

Asplcn'mm ceterach in the Forest of Dean. Her whistle-stop British tour continued through 
Yorkshire, the wet Lake District, which naturally produced a feast of ferns and the Brecon 
Beacons in Wales where /' istrated, was of 

particular interest. A few of the treasures found in S - lonchitis, 

Asplenium septentrionale on Arthur's Seat outside Edinburgh and, at Cove Bay on the east 
coast, Cystoptehs dickieana. As a warning that fern hunting is not always the gentle 
occupation it might seem, Anne recalled the time when in the wilds of Scotland she was 
awoken from a peaceful sleep in her camper-van by a strange rocking of the vehicle. Her 
conviction that it must be a minor earthquake was dispelled when, upon looking outside, 
she discovered that the van was being vigorously licked by a huge Aberdeen Angus bull 

During her years in Australia Anne travelled to many different areas of the country and also 
visited New Zealand, so the final part of her talk illustrated some of her botanical finds in 
these two countries. From Australia's coastal and rain-forest areas we saw Dicksonia 
antarctica and Luulsaeu muroplnlia. as well as lilim terns growing on Antarctic beech. In 
Tasmania Anne found AzoHafiliculoiiles and ,1. phmata and she had captured their different 
forms well on film. In the drier, mountainous areas of Australia are found many of the 
plants that we have come to associate with that country: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Acacia 
and Banksia. Ferns found included Tnc/ca harhara and gleichenias. Anne's photographic 
tour took us to a range of Australian habitats, from the coastal marshes via inland deserts to 
higher and alpine areas, each with its kaleidoscope of wonderful plants, some familiar but 

The areas of New Zealand's North Island that Anne visited presented quite a harsh 
environment with volcanic influence affecting the vegetation. She did, however, find filmy 
ferns on Mt Egmont. South Island was much more to her taste. Anne was very taken with 
the beautiful Lakes Matheson and Pukaki in the Mt Cook area. We were shown examples of 
many plants that attracted her notice, in particular the vegetable sheep. Ruoulia cximiu. 
which certainly looked very life-like. Ferns found on her travels included Blechnum nama- 
marina,Polystklmm\Lstmn}i \spknmm Ihn Jm> „ ,1 /, ./,„,/ ,/,„■. and finally her 

i of all t 

, Leptopteris superba. We gathered that anyone able to supply h 

with a specimen or t 

proud owner of this beautiful fern. 

Anne was warmly thanked and congratulated on her exeelleni talk, which had kept us all 

enthralled and our afternoon finished in traditional Last Anglian style with a splendid tea 

provided by Mary, our hostess, and all the members. 

Barton Broad, Norfolk, and Gill and Brvan Smith's Garden, Oulton Broad, 
Suffolk -26 May Barrie Stevenson 

On a blustery day of sunshine and showers 13 members and friends gathered at Barton Turf 

Staithe (63/356225), an inlet and landing sta,c ,mn, access U) lt , Hroad, to be met by 

the Warden, George Taylor i ' " 

— >— » Jaanrj k flal bottomed 

-l) .hipping UP 

We embarked and i 
white-topped waves. 

We made several landings, the Warden often having to hack a path from the edge of the 
water through the dense growths of reed. We trod gingerly; the rafl of reeds vihrating 
below our feet was treacherously shallow in places. | I he warden demonstrated this b\ 
taking a wand of willow, which he pushed vertically through the reed roots at our feet 
until it disappeared; the willow wand was well over two metres in length.) We soon 
found a profusion of ferns. Thclvptcris palustris being so prevalent that it was difficult to 
avoid treading on the fronds. We found good stands of Dryopteris cristatii and (hmmiiLi 
regalis and, in slightly less wet areas, Dryopteris carthusiana. D. dilatata and 
occasionally specimens of Atiiyrium tilix-tcmina. Dryopteris filix-mas and Pteridium 

logged boots and enjoyed a sunny 

Our drive to Oulton Broad was rewarded by a visit to Gill and Bryan Smith's delightful 
garden, which was positively soggy in comparison with the desert-like conditions that 
prevail in this area later in the season. As a result of a wet spring the ferns were looking at 
their best and Bryan is experimenting with new plantings, m particular a mounded area 
backed by woodland. The mound is bisected b\ a deep path, so that the tern fronds may be 
viewed from below, particularly effective as a means of admiring the silhouettes of the 
fronds of a fine specimen of Dieh^onia anfaretiea. Many tendt 
on the sloping sections of the mound and, amazingly, Bryan t 
over the whole area in winter. 
Various ferns are well established around a small pool with ■ 

.i i- ; ■-lie- 
sheltered courtyard beside the house several well g 
specimen of Polystiehum setiferum -Plumosum Bevis'. Gill I 
maintaining their large garden, which has vast areas of grass kept in splendid c 
a vegetable patch that is her particular delight. 

1 hospitality, and particularly t 

Nymans Woods and Standen, West Sussex - 29 June Gill Smith 

For our visit to the heart of Sussex we invited the South-East Regional Group to join us, 
giving a total of 2 1 members in all, on what proved to be a hot, sunny day. Many of the 
East Anglian Group had decided that an overnight stay was justified to enable them to be 
at the meeting point in National Trust-owned Nymans Woods (51/264297) by 10.30a.m. 
Our guide. James Masters, recently a gardener and woodsman for the Nymans Estate, 
knew the whereabouts of many different ferns in the woods but said he would be 
interested to know how many varieties we should find. (Subsequently the full list was 

We parked our cars in a woodland clearing near a deserted cottage previously inhabited 
by woodsmen and their families. We made our way into the woods passing Equisetum 
arvense, heath, spotted and common orchids, and turn growing on 

tree-trunks. The mixed plantings of trees sheltered good specimens of Dryopteris filix- 
mas, D. dilatata and Pteridiiini acpiilinnm. We continued along woodland paths and 
found a wide selection of ferns including Polystiehum seiitemm. Dryopteris affims 
subsp. borreri, D. carthusiana and Athvrium fUix-femina. We soon found also Bleehnum 
spicant, Orcopt v limhospt >ihi and to our gn, "/;/. specimens 

of which grew on the banks of a dried-up stream and in a fairly exposed position beside 
the main path. 

We next found ourselves at a large pond fed by the River Ouse. This was a ha 
which had been constructed to power the bellows and furnaces ol the now defunct iron 
works nearby. We walked along a conifer avenue lined with spruce and Californian 
redwoods. Alongside the avenue was all. , <.v ■■ a. a Inch was the tallest tree in Sussex 
until the mid-1990s when it lost its top to lightening. The scenery changed yet again with 
the appearance of several massive grey sandstone outcrops, one of which is called Pook's 
Church or Pulpit Rock, which is sheltered by trees and supports a colony of 
\ense. (This site was listed in the Rev. F.H. Arnold's Flora of 
Sussex. 1907.) The next area contained pollarded sweet chestnuts, which were grown 
specifically for furniture manufacture. The path then took us to a bridge over a small 
waterway that was lined with very large specimens of Osmunda regalis, then up a steep 
' Asplenh lack at the car park we ate our packed 

J East Anglian and South-East Regional Groups' \ isit to Nynians Woods 
Geoffrey Winder, Marti Martin, Tim Pyner, Albert Carter. Peter Clare, James Masters, 
Doreen Carter, Marie Winder, Paul Ripley, Andrew Leonard. Graham Ackers (hack). 

Jane C ollins (nm/Ji i. lack II ibcrt l front). Br\an Smith. Patrick \cock. Ciill Smith. 

Andy Martin, Karen Munyard, Grace Acock, Rosemary Stevenson, Steve Munyard 

Sussex Weald. James Masters, who last autumn became (i 
gave us a short history of the buildings and we then set off t 
of the garden. 

As we walked across a bordered lawn below the house, th 
Dicksonia antarctica growing either side of a summer-ho 
specimens, having been planted two or three years earlier 
winters without any special attention. Also in these borders 
and large specimens of Athvrium } 
higher ground. In a wilder area 

inn. thriving in the seepage of r 
! garden were found Dn'optet 
damp ground, an enormous stand of Osmunda rc^alis t 

clouds of fresh spores. After wandering a 

We next made our way to h . house and. crossing a wooden bridge. 

looked down into a Victorian fern grotto. A cliff below our feet ran down to the grotto 
floor, the constantly trickling water supporting a colony of Osmunda regalis that grew in 
profusion, the mature plants surrounded by a green haze of sporelings. We descended In a 
steep path to the floor of the grotto, where James explained that this area is known as the 
Quarry Garden; stone was excavated from here and used in building the house. Hie sleep. 
rocky walls of the quarry have been colonised In terns m profusion, with tree cover abo\e 
so that sunlight is minimal, and a water! e humidity that terns lo\e. 

We noted specimens of Asplenium scolopendritim. Blechmmi spicam. Plu-goptcris 
conncclilis. Gymnocarpiitm c/ryopwri.s and masses o\ Athvriitm iilix-jcmma cultnars that 
had obviously crossed and back-crossed for the past hundred years. 

James called the Quarry Garden a magic place, as indeed il is. and as we left the ferny 
coolness and emerged into the heat of the sunlit terrace in front of the house, we agreed that 
this was a fitti lied day. 

Danbury Ridge and Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex - 8 September Anne Beaufoy 

Nineteen members of the East Anglian Group had the pleasure of the leadership o\~ Essex 
Wildlife Trust's Geoff Ford when we visited the undulating woodland ridge at Danbury 

Early rain had laid the dust under the mixed canopy, which comprised mainly mature trees. 
hornbeam being prominent. Other areas are managed as coppice (with the help of deer 
protection fencing) and there are some open heathland patches. This variety o( underlying 
soil types and drainage (gravel, boulder clay and peat) allows a wide range of fauna and 
flora to flourish and provides good conditions for several species of fern. 
Very fine clumps of the broad buckler. Diyupteris JiUituta. were seen in a boggy area, with 
narrow buckler, D. carthusiana, nearby, and a vigorous probable hybrid, four feet high, 
growing next to them. Another wet area gave us the less widespread marsh fern. Thelypteris 
palustris while the lad\ fern Itlnnum tiiix-temina, graced many a damp ditch-side, 
although those in nearby drier areas had suffered in the recent dry spell. Dryopterh qffinis 
subsp. borreri coped better with the more freely drained areas. Our greatest delight, 
perhaps, was a splendid patch of hard fern. Blechnum spicant, with some three hundred 
specimens growing on a sloping area of damp clay. Their fertile fronds, though, were tew m 
number - they had proved too tempting for the deer and rabbits. Many other Hems ot 
interest included lichen patches, lily-of-the-valley leaves and dormouse boxes fixed to trees. 
After a picnic lunch we drove to Tim Pyner's house on the outskirts of Southend. His small 
and vei> sheltered garden is chock-a-block with exotic plants of a hardy nature, and he has 
listed 130 fern species in the raised peat beds and containers. Only a few of these are British 
species, and of the foreigners a mere handful have yet to be checked for present-day winter 

In addition to Tim's hospitality, including welcome refreshments, we also enjoyed a talk by 
John Woodhams, formerly Assistant Curator of Tropical Collections at Kew. His slide 
presentation 'For the Love of Ferns' gave us a fascinating insight into the worldwide 
collecting of fern species for the Botanic Gardens, taking us to a far-ranging selection of 
sites and detailing the close study of the ferns' local habitats and growth characteristics that 
gave him and his colleagues clues to their requirements when confronted with the 

We thank everyone involved in the day's activities for their kind contributions to our 
knowledge and enjoyment. 

End of Season Meeting, Barrow, Suffolk - 3 November Barrie Stevenson 

At the time of writing members have a further meeting to look forward to, our annual visit 
to Marie and Geoffrey Winder where we shall reminisce after a most enjoyable season, 
aiding our memories with a collection of photographs and slides. There will be an 
exhibition of late-Victorian nature-printed and colour illustrated fern books, a bring-and- 
buy fern sale and finally, a superb spread of refreshments for which this meeting is 
particularly well known. 


Brantwood, Coniston, Cumbria - 8 June Peter Hindle 

In somewhat inclement weather 22 members assembled for a return visit to the home of the 
Linton collection and to explore other areas of the Brantwood estate (34/313958). Before 
>r founding the North- 

Eric Baker had provided us with an excellent description of Brantwood (BPS Bulletin 4(6): 
270, 1995) and members were able to use this as a general guide. I le had pointed out the need 
for accurate naming and labelling of the ferns and it was good lo see thai that was being done, 
albeit slowly, as agreement over identification is not aluavs eas\ to obtain. Dryopteris 
carthusiana is now well established in several spots, and on the high level path that runs 
from the main 'Linton Garden' to the lake we were able to reach general agreement on the 
presence of the following Dryopicris af/hu\ ta\a: subsp. barren \ar. lohusta, subsp. qffinis 
var. paleaceolabata and also a possible D. x complexa nothosubsp. complexa. 
The whole collection has matured wonderfully during the years since our last group visit as 
a result of the care lavished on it by Sally Beamish and her team. Many challenges remain, 
particularly that voiced by Eric in his plea for more D. qffinis specialists to lend a hand with 

Arnside, Cumbria - 29 June 

From Arnside Promenade (34/454786) 1 
veneris on the limestone cliff a few minufc 
were also inspected. All were flourishing. 

This is one of the few Cumbrian sites ol Thdvptcri 
thriving colony that was accessed with difficulty becai 
deep peaty area with a pond, the site was limestone 
Around the pond were Equisetum unvtm and / pake 
trees. Dryopteris filix-mcis and I) Mutahi Acre 

D. carthusiana despite the suitable habitat. Asplenium scolopendriu 

A. trichomane.s subsp. i/iicic/nviiL-n^ lmvw. mostly aroun 
"I Polv; ».lii •'' '■' < i'< nun on a fallen tree. There were also a few plants o\' Poh sticlunn 
nod on two shuttlecocks that did no! h.iw 
clear-cut identities. They seemed to be like a hard form of the soft shield fern. 

After a picnic 

i we parked l 


were prolific displays of Asplenium scolopemlr, 
A. trichomanes subsp. quacln'ya/ens, Polypoih 
Polysticlnun aculeatum and Eqaisctum arvensc. Tl 
After a short return walk along the estuary then 
grateful for advice on her fern growing. 
Many thanks to the owner of the Thelypteris pahtstr 

Whitbeck, Muncaster and Ravenglass, Cumbria - 17 August 

North-West Group at Muncaster 

Brian Haskins. Cynthia Kelsall. Alec Tate, Joan Hindle. G< 

Roy & Denise Copson, Harvey Shepher 

Michael 1 1 

c Marione Liarstany. T 

Nineteen members met in the lay-h\ a! Whitbeck church (34/118839). A rou, 

, i p along the western flank of Black Combe at about 200 feet above 
sea level and about one mile inland. This is an area of high insolation with daily on-shore 
anabatic salt-laden winds, making it a favourite place for ferns and parascenders alike. A 
quarter of a mile along the track the retaining wall holds several colonies (discovered by the 
writer in January 2001) of Asplenium obovatum subsp. lanceolatum. We also found 
IM-opteris filix-mas, D. affinis subsp. cambrensis. Athyruun fiti\-kuuna. Polystichwn 

scliferum 'Divisilobunf. Osmunda i epulis, IspLnntm s n'm^nd, ,/<,;/ and I' 
aquilimtm. A further 200 yards found the party examining the over-shot water wheel at 
Whitbeck Mill, and the new developments taking place provoked a great deal of interest. 
A ten-mile drive took us to Muncaster Castle (34/104965), whose gardens are noted for 
their rhododendrons, pines, the Himalayan Garden, the World Owl Centre and royal ferns. 

printed by H. Bradbury, by Moore & Lindley 1855 (Imperial folio, 51 plates with 
corresponding text), the first practical illustration of nature-printing, life-size and coloured. 
Following a long study and discussion, Cynthia Kelsall moved a vote of thanks to the 
owner, Mr Pennington, for granting access to this magnificent and rare tome. After lunch in 
the cafe, the garden and woodland walks provided Polystichum aculeatum, P. setiferum, 
Dryopteris a/finis subsp. camhn-ns,s. D. filix-mus, D. dilatata, Osmunda regalis. Blcchnum 
. penna-marina in abundance around the remains of the old raised garden. It 
that Muncaster once had a penna-marina lawn! The osmundas, we were told, 
: 1910. Finally, a trio of ferns that we first saw three years ago as single 
: developed and could be identified as Polystichum mumtum. Now 
i the) come from and in such a rough, overgrown location? 

1 found us in Ravenglass (34/0896), once the Roman port and fort 
which is situated at a unique meeting of the Rivers Esk, Mite and Irt. A 
) the boundary of Glannaventa brought us to the largest display of 
wild growing Polystichum setiferum to be seen in this area, some with fronds four feet long, 
and sharing the site with numerous undulate Asplenium scolopendrium. The walk back to 
the village via the Roman bathhouse (still standing), showed us the usual mixture of 
woodland ferns with the stone walls holding Asplenium adUmtum-ni^rum. A ruta-nmraria 
and A. ceterach. 

The meeting was favoui 

I weather, good facilities, free parking and plenty 

i once again held in the Garden Room ; 

ot cates, not to mention magnificent scenery. 

AGM, Holehird, Windermere, Cumbria - 12 October Peter \ 

The Annual General I 
(35/410009). Nearly 40 
In the morning we had an illustrated talk on 'Varieties of Polystichum' by Robert Sykes and 
in the afternoon Alastair Wardlaw spoke to us about 'A Garden of British Ferns', with 
particular reference to those needing special protection in the Glasgow area. 
During the lunch break we were able to walk in the garden and view the National Collection 
ot Polystichum held at Holehird and looked after by Cynthia Kelsall. 

The results of the Potted Fern competition were: (a) Native British Ferns - Harvey Shepherd, 
„ Fern - Michael Hayward. By request, the judges gave us some valuable hints 
looking for. These were very much 
is narrowly won by Anne Wright. 

i ne aom was brief and business-like, with 
The -Jacob's Join' tea that ended the proa 

see Brantwood report) for all to admire, and Ja 

many suggestions made for next year's programm 
:edings was up to its usual high standard. 


Botanical Cornwall Group - Introduction 

This informal group was formed following a meeting 

Eleven success e been held al the tune ol 

writing, with five more planned for the remainder of 2002. Sonic meetings were organised 
specifically to relocate and record particular species, and others as more habitat-based 
meetings and for tetrad recording. They have proved an excellent wa> of adding to oui 
knowledge of the distribution of ferns in Cornwall. New locations were found for some 
species and rarer ones relocated. One of the most rewarding aspects of the field meetings 
has been that the group has welcomed botanists from other parts of the country 

The following ii 

f account of each meeting held. 

Indoor meeting, Cornwall Wildlife Trust - 20 February 

This indoor meeting concentrated on the distinctive tlora of the Li/ard peninsula and was 
intended as an introduction to four of the field meetings planned. Rose Murphy expertly 
demonstrated, with the aid of many wonderful distribution maps and her knowledge and 
experience, the reasons why the Lizard is so special for certain species. 

Kynance Cove and Lower Predannack 

The aim of the early meetings in March wa 
histrix. On the 20th March in high winds and 
Wollas (10/6715), as we 

& 23 March 
as to look for, amongst other species. Isoetes 
d sea drizzle, the group visited the area around 
ell as the area around Kynance (10/6813), to 
ascertain the chances of seeing the rarities that 
Rose had s 

it Holestrow, Lizard, 

fusion. Lady Rosemary FitzGerald, so 
with the Lizard rarities, had remarked 
in the past of the 'Catherine-wheel* look of the 
plants and with this particularly handy field 
hint plants were easier to distinguish. 
especially where they were starting to turn 

[0/681 134), a natural pit formed after the collapse of a sea cave, 
roup admiring some very distinct, rather elongated forms of Asplenium culiantion- 
;rowing in the spaces between the Serpentine boulders. A small plant of 
m m a"creviee in the cliff-face was also seen, as well as Pohpininim interjection. 
1 scolopendhum and the ubiquitous Pteridium aquilinum. 

Cotehele and Greystone Wood - 18 April 

In April the group met at the eastern end of the county, beside the river Tamar at Cotehele 
(20/4268) and Greystone Wood (20/3679). The aim of the meeting was to see Viola 
reichenbachiana (early dog-violet), a species widespread in the rest of the British Isles but 
very rare in Cornwall where it is restricted to the extreme east of the county. Several ferns 
were seen. The small wooded valleys at Cotehele, an area owned by the National Trust, 
were luxuriant with Dryopteris dilatata, Alhvnum filix-femma. Dryopteris fili.x-mas and 

D. affinis agg., and D. aemula was seen along a woodland track. Asplenium ruta-murarki, 
A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens and A. adiantum-nigrum were found on a stone bridge 
and Asplenium ceterach, a fern of restricted occurrence in Cornwall, along a particularly 
interesting old wall near Cotehele Quay. However, the most interesting species seen was 
Adiantum capillus-veneris, growing on the inside walls of a limekiln, also at Cotehele 
Quay, a locality long known to Cornish botanists. 

Greystone Wood delighted members from the west of Cornwall. This woodland, typical of 
the larger valleys in the Tamar catchment in East Cornwall and West Devon, had a mixture 
of species not usually seen in West Cornwall, including l.amiustrum ^aleohdolon subsp. 
montanum (yellow archangel khlocks buttercup). Although 

no ferns of note were seen. Polvstuhum aculeatum, which had been seen in a hedge nearby, 
was sought on the steep, shaded banks in the woodland, but unfortunately was not found. 
P. aculeatum is very rare in Cornwall and seems to be restricted to the Tarn t 1 t 
where it can be found in cooler northerly aspects of wooded areas, especially at the base of 
river clifts It is possiblj more widespread, but access to areas beside the river is 
problematical so co-operation will be needed for future surveying. 

Helman Tor and Breney Common - 28 April 

I his meeting was held follow mg a request for a field trip to look at bryophytes. Mark Pool, the 
British Bryological Society recorder for Devon led the day. The area chosen was Helman Tor 
(20/0661), an elevated granite tor on the edge of the St Austell granite near Bodmin, and 
Breney Common (20 0561 j. a Cornwall Wildlife Trust-ow ned reserve of heath, bog, pools and 
scrub in the small valley below. This area was historically used for tin streaming and gravel 
extraction, and the semi-natural habitats formed since the cessation of extraction have become 
rich in bryophytes. several of which were pointed out. The area is also rich in ferns and species 
of note included small patches of Hymenopln Hum tunhi <e> ns, in crevices of the granite tor, 
w ith Diroptcris dilatata and a few plants of D. aemula around the base of the boulders. 
In the wetter areas of Breney Common Osmunda regalis \ 
some plants several feet tall and wide. Pilularia globulifera v 

along a small stream, and Dryopteris carthusiana was seen in the more open areas. Une oi 
the ponds on the reserve had Etpiisvmm lluviatile. /. palustre and E. x Morale, with 

E. arvense on drier parts of the bank. Asplenium ohnvatum subsp. laneenlalwn is found in 
some of the old granite Cornish hedges in the Helman Tor area and although I.J. Bennallick 
saw the species in a hedge nearby in 2001, no plants could be seen in 2002. 

Kynance, Cam Caerthillian and near Lizard Point - 22 & 25 May 

The two meetings held at Kynance (10/6813), Cam Caerthillian (10/6912) and near Lizard 
Point (10/7011) were the final two of the four meetmus planned durin» the indoor meeting 
in February. These meetings were timed so as to catel rare Tri folium 

species (clovers) that occur on the Lizard. Fern* marnium and 

Lsaetes lu.strix. the latter still looking verv fresh a! n remarked by 

several local botanists that spring had been late by ah, the desiccating 

winds that usually dry the low, flat Lizard peninsula had yet to tare effect Interest, ngl>- 
nTr SI™ ' /H - V 7. PlamS ttere * m a PP^"t on the coast path near the National Trust car 
park at Kynance during a visit with the Somerset Rare Plant Group in June in 2001 . 

Penlee Point and Polhawn Cove - 22 June 

(20/4249) at the extreme south-eastern part of Cornwall. 

Bude Canal and Maer Lake - 9 July 

No ferns of note were seen in the area around the Bude Canal, from I fek Bridge (21 2103) 
to Bude Marshes (21/2006) and Maer lake (21 2007) in the north-eastern part of Cornwall. 

and Polystichum setifcrum were new to the tetrad (21 20 C) and AzolLi ////< ulohlcs pro\ed 
to be abundant in a small pond on the Bude Marshes. 

Castick Wood and Rocky Wood - 13 July 

The aim of this meeting was to explore the eastern edge ol Bodmin Moor, near North Hill 
(20/2776), speeilicalK targeting habitat thought suitable tor /7/cgo/>/cm coiwectilis and 
(.ivmnoL-tirpiiiiiK/iroprcrh. Both o! these terns had been reeorded on Bodmin Moor in the l l C>(K 
but had not been seen since. The woodlands looked at (with kind permission from the owners, 
the Latham family of Trebartha) were Castick Wood (20 2577) along the Withey Brook and 
Rocky Wood (20/2675). These were chosen in preference to other pails of a rather o\er-gra/ed 
Bodmin Moor for their cool, north-easterly aspect, high humidity and the presence of partly 
undisturbed woodland. Unfortunately the search was unsuccessful, but similar habitats on 
Bodmin Moor ma\ well pro\c more fruitful However, the da> was not without interest, as 
large populations of Hymenophyllum tunbrigense were seen on the sides of granite boulders. 
around the boles of trees and in damp crevices in both woodlands, the plants at Rocky Wood 
being especially luxuriant. Oreopteris limbosperma and Osmunda regalis were also recorded. 

Rospannel Farm and Porthgwarra - 10 August 

A visit was made to Rospannel Farm (10/3926) to 

the southern part of West Penwith in the extre 

species around a wildlife pond created in the 1990s by the farmer, Bernard Hocki 

Asplenium ohovatum subsp. lanccoiamm in an overgrown granite Cornish hedge i 

pointed out to the group whilst walking to the valley, and several large plants of Osmw 

regalis were seen on the moor itself. Azullu fi/iculonics was recorded from a small par 

the wildlife pond and it was mentioned that this could become a problem in the future. 

The afternoon was spent at Porthgwarra, an area 

south-westerly point in Cornwall. Asplenium obo 

natural rocky outcrop along the coast at Cam Scathe (10/3721), and 

in several crevices of Hella Point ( 1 0/372 1 ). 

„ _es visited so far this year, thanks are due to Tim Dingle and 
Graham Sutton for Bude and Maer Lake, Brian Stringer and the Latham family for the 
North Hill woodlands Joe Costley of the National Trust for ( otchclc. Bernard Hocking for 
Rospannel Farm and Tilhill Forestry for Greystone Wood. Special thanks must go to Rose 
Murphy, whose dedication in recording the Cornish flora is an inspiration to the other 
members of the Botanical Cornwall Group. 

Full details of the field meetings will appear on the Botanical Cornwall Group Website - i 
published early in 2003). During each f 

.'... .,:-:.' ■■■ ■:-.. : 

Group co-ordinator. All records made on meetings are held on ERICA, the 
Cornwall for botanical records, and these records will also be held at th 
Records Centre for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, which is based at Allet near Truro. 


Mugdock Country Park, Glasgow - 13 April Frank McGavigan 

Deprived of all things ferny over the wettest winter on record, five die-hard enthusiasts met 
on a beautifully sunny morning at the Mugdock Country Park (26/547780), just north of 
Glasgow, for the first Scottish gathering of the year. The park contains the ruin of what 
must have been a fine castellated stone mansion, an artificial loch, several acres of untidy 
woodland and many neglected stone walls or dykes - a perfect habitat for spotting ferns. 

Almost immediately we came across i m. A. trichomanes subsp. 

qihulrivalais and Dryoptem dilatata in what appeared to be an unmortared wall. There 
must have been some old lime mortar to satisfy the two aspleniums, although the calcifuge 
D. dilatata, which is abundant elsewhere on the estate, seemed unaffected. 
Passing scattered clumps of Blechnum spirant and dormant plants of Dryopn n\ aftinis 
subsp. borreri, D. filix-mas and the ubiq lilinum, we came out of the 

woodland to study healthy colonies of I subsp quadrivalem and 

.■/. ruta-imiraria on a south-facing mortared wall; the latter species was more extensive, but 
both occupied quite distinct and separate parts of the wall. We pondered, without coming to 
any definitive conclusions, on the relative requirements of heat, moisture and lime of these 
two species and on how long it takes for a colony to become established. The unmortared 
'dry stane dyke' on the other side of the road had no ferns. 

The massive sycamores lining the drive up to the mined castle were festooned with 
epiphytic polypodies. Were they Polypodium vulgare or P. interjectum? Difficult to tell, 
even for Heather McHaffie, so samples were taken for microscopic examination. [All 
confirmed as P. interjectum. II Mell.] But high up in the trees they are safe from the 
'improving' hand of man, unlike ferns on the wall surrounding the old formal garden where 
the A.splaiinm trichomanes subsp. quadrivalem had been ripped out in their dozens to 
prepare the way for elaborate repomting and restoration. The plants of , I. trichomanes that 
remained were curious in that the pinnae seemed more elongated in relation to their width 
than is normal, and the pinnules were distinctly overlapping 

Alastair Wardlaw regaled us, perhaps because his arm was in a sling, with the tale of a 
young child who had an arm bitten off by a leopard in the zoo that used to surround the 
castle. The cages had been cut into the adjacent cliff, but all that remained of interest to us 
were a few polypodies - definitely P. vulgare this time. We walked round the loch and 
spotted a solitary plant of Asplenium adkmtum-nigrum in a cliff-face, surviving on some 
calcareous seepage in an otherwise acidic terrain. We caught sight of a few roe deer, quite 
close and clearly unafraid of either humans or the ghosts of leopards. 
After lunch and a quick visit to the Park's garden centre, where we were surprised to find 
on sale at exorbitant prices some of the fern species we had just seen, we drove to two 
ncarru roadside sites. At the first (26/563787) was a healthy colony of vigorous and robust 

flourishing so well. Nearer the city at a busy road junction (26 5567 19) several plants o\ 
Cvstopteris fragilis were pushing out from between the si„ne blocks of a railua\ bridge. 
sharing the wall with an extensive coverinfl the scented 

The afternoon was spent at Alastair Wardlaw's h 
paradise, with too many species, both native and fort 
magnificent afternoon tea prepared by Alastair's 
'"formal workshop to discuss what kev »,,„,„, ■> , 

described t 

particular D. antarctica and D. fibrosa. Descriptions in current guides arc lauc 
and vague. With sample fronds cut from Alastair's collection we compared co 
do you describe colour?), feel (but hardness is impossible to measure), the ; 
pinnae meet the stipe (this looks promising), the relative width and length ol tl 
pinnules (needs a controlled study), and other features. Side by side the t 
clearly distinct, but the layman would struggle to determine which is u Inch ti 
keys and descriptions. 

The Sesquicentenary of tthvrium distenufoiium var. flexile in Clen Prosen, 
Angus - 27 July Heather McHaffic 

A significant anniversary occurred in July this year that tmaccountabl) tailed to make the 
headlines. I can now reveal that it was 150 years since Atkyrium disU ntifolium var. flexile 
was first found at the type locality in Glen Prosen. We could not \isit on the exact date. 
Wednesday 24th July, but on the following Saturday eight of us headed up (den Prosen 
(37/237736). There were three BPS members, three people from Kmdrogan field Centre 
and two local botanists. The sun failed to shine on us but at least it didn't ram. 
We arrived at a small group of rocks near the head of the valley and satisfied ourseKes that 
the fern had not been eaten by the local sheep, deer or mountain hares. The large clumps of 
I. distentifolium in the middle of the rocks had not been grazed yet. Alter the wet summer 
the ferns were mostly better than I have ever seen them. One other clump ot 
,!. clistentifoliim, var. flexile further down the hill was barely usible and I only found it 
because 1 knew the location so well. It looked as though the fronds had been troMed and 
failed to recover However, Frank Katzer found a better new clump further up the hillside, 
which 1 had never found despite repeated searching. 

We had lunch and then the cake was produced. The Dundee cake (City of Discover) I was 
made by Frank McGavigan and had 1852 - 2002 in green icing with a tasteful 
station of a flexile frond across the middle. We sang Happy Birthday (although I am 
! that everyone joined in), cut the cake, ate the lot and started to wend our way back 
linterestmudookmgo, c, W e saw Drvo P ,ens oreade^ on inaccessible 

ledges, which a few intrepid people \ 

. A block s 

across had a family of foxes living among the D. expansa. I here was abundant 

„ urpium J is and occasional ( , ^pteri.s f i w ilis among the rocks here were 

.E.arrense. A population ot pratense 
-as bareK visible amon, tall C u hnu that had grown since I preuousK n> '- 

once the heather ,s hum, tl, s. : I , ^ ^ - ' ^» ^ ^^ ^ ™ 

^eT'rn^ewas aortic iSela&nella 

selaginoides Some people sa\ />' l/ ,onc P lanl) on th c * a ] Up 

couldn't find it — W b >' the s ™ a " d BkL "' ;;." '• 

was very common. Frank McGavigan and Frank Katzer boosted the total by spotting 

v , and A. eeterach in gardens at Glamis, but perhaps 

that's cheating. 

Visit to Cystopteris 

Having checked the 
had organised a trip 

But firstly, even further south, a few of us were guided by Les Tucker, who seems to know 

Glendoick, near Perth, where Asplenium ceterach grows naturally in rock (37/202241). 
Even m Scotland, where it is uncommon, we are all used to seeing A. ceterach growing in 
the lime mortar of old walls (and incidentally there is a huge colony in the village of Glamis 
in Angus) but none of us had seen the rustyback in its natural habitat before, except perhaps 
on holiday on the Mediterranean coast. There was no doubt that this was a natural site, 

away and the site is difficult to access, up a steep and very slippery slope, made more 
treacherous by this year's atrocious summer, which showed no signs of improving during 
our visit. There were several clumps, about a dozen in all, scattered around the outcrop of 
volcanic rock along with plants of A. adiantum-nigrum, also often seen on walls. In 
addition, our fern sleuth, Frank Katzer, spotted Polystichum aculeatum after the rest of us 
had walked over it. 

Then on to Aberdeen (Frank is as sharp at spotting speed cameras as he is at finding 
ferns), where we met up with Anne-Marie and Chris Smout and Jackie and Alastair 
Wardlaw. After clambering over the wet and precarious shore boulders at Cove (by this 

ca\e itself, populated by three fern species -Asplenium marinum (in great profusion and 
of robust size), Ithyrium fil femina (strange to find lady fern there), and of course 
Cystopteris dickieana, also in healthy profusion although most plants are on an 

Heather had, in her usual efficient manner, provided us all with copies of Peter Marren's 
excellent article on the history of Dickie's tern (Pteridologist 1(1): 27-32. 19X4). From this 
we learnt that the fern was first named and described in writing in 1848, although Professor 

1 Century of the Scottish People 1830-1950 (1986). Actually Dickie acknowledged that he 
himself did not originally find the fern but was led to it as a student by his teacher, 
Professor William Knight, several years before. However, he does seem to have been the 
first to have recognised ii 

I Qique ii eeriamK is. m that it is found in very few other places in Britain besides this sea 
cave and a few sites nearby, but is it actually a separate species or merely a variant of 
C.frugilis? Anyone who has grown the two (and they're easy to cultivate, unlike Asplenium 
marinum) can clearly see a difference, but what about the science? Much research work still 
needs to be done. But, being a Scotsman and no scientist, I of course have no doubt at all 
that ( ystopteris dickiccma is a separate, unique species, found only in this one little corner 
of Scotland. Well, we don't have much else to shout about. 

Before retreating to the shelter of our cars a few of us went in search of another 
C. dickieana site slightly to the north of Cove. Wading knee-high through soaking 
vegetation and slithering down muddy slopes, Les Tucker, quickly followed by Frank 
Katzer, soon found, near a magnificent waterfall, a very wet overhang that looked like the 
remains of a collapsed sea cave. C. dickieana grows here alongside C.fragilis, with some 
plants looking suspiciously intermediate. Clearly a research project in the making. Also at 
this site were several Asplenium scolopendrium, which we later discovered on our way 
home on sale at a well known garden centre at a mere £7 })5 per plant along with lilcclwum 
spicant at £5.95. 

Despite rip-off garden centre prices, this \ 
fern-hunting, weather. The following day s 
soared. I must have a word with Heather ab< 

Frank Mc(.n\iuaii 

The beginning of September saw us off to Bute again, on what has become an annual outing 
for the Scottish Fern Group. This time it was a very relaxed \ isit u ith do frenetic hunting to 
see how many fern species we could tick off in the day. It is such a beautiful, peaceful place 

First stop was the cave at Dunagoil Bay (26/0853) in the south of the island where James 
Merryweather had taken us two years pre\iousl\ 10 see gametophwes ot Truhomanes 
speciosum, the Killarney fern. Of course there was no sign of the sporophyte. one of the most 
beautiful of British ferns, because this is one of the sites where the gametophytes sun n e m the 
absence of the sporophyte and have perhaps done so for hundreds (thousands' i ot sears. 
Heather McHaffie had thoughtfully provided us all with copies of Rumsey, Jermy and 
Sheffield's article on this phenomenon (Watsonia 22: 1-19. I WS). horn this ue learn thai the 
u gametophytic generation, the sexual or gamete-bearing phase of the ///< -. vclc. is not onh 
perennial hut produces specialised structures toi its vegcltitiw piopa^tition tgiiii»uii^. 
allowing tin potential Jew ■■ <• nt of 'ensiw stands of this usualh overlooked generation. 
Rumsey et al. list all the British sites where this occurs, although the Bute cave is not 
included as it is a more recent d.scovery. They also point oul 

extend into continental Europe far beyond the known sporophvtu range of t te v/>. . u s . 
which is mainly the warm Atlantic seaboard including places such as the \/ores s,, ,hc 
question is how did these independent gametophyte populations become established and 
when? Are'these gametophyte populations the remnants of full spo^ytepopulahons thai 
have been killed off due to conditions becoming too cold or too dry'.' The Bute cav 
relatively dry, whereas everyone who has tried to grow T. spe, 
needs to be grown in a glass case in shade with regular - — 
humidity. (I know; I've failed.) 

Having noted plants of Asplenium marinum and A. adiantum-nigrum on Ite nearby cliff, 
wemovedontoAscogFerneis ■> |.*J». * here the K.llamcx tern that RBGE had donat d 
the previous year was thriving Only after Wallace and Kath Fyfe bought the house id hey 
discover that there was a ruined Victorian fernery in the garden. They set about restoring it 
and restocked with help from the Royal Botanic Garden Ed, nh 
manage to rescue a Todea barbara, which miraculously had sun p 

and is in fact reckoned to be over 1,000 years old. (See 3(3). 22-23 (1998) tor 
a fuller description of the restoration.) 

fibrosa, Ascog's tree-fern collection coi 
2 C. medullaris with wonderfully ( 
. These are offset with various Dava 
d outside the fernery, 
Bleehntun species. Culctta macrocarpa. 

from Dicksonia 
1 Cyathi 

Actually it is rather pointless listing i 

2 real attraction. 
Ascog is the complete lack of plant elitism; the rarities sit 
, uc|l „ planum scolopendrium. But the most remarkable 
to an hour and a half every day watering the ferns (and he says 
suspect he 
11 of grasses, sedums and euphorbia 
Talking of water as this was a BPS Scottish outing, you may ask if we avoided the r; 
course not we got soaked. But then the sun came out again and by the time w 
ferrying back across the Firth of Clyde we had dried out sufficiently to reflect ,n corv 
what an enjoyable day we had experienced. 


BBC GARDENERS' WORLD LIVE! - 19-23 June A.R. Busby 

As last year, the Society stand was located on an end-of-row corner, giving us the 
advantage of having two frontages to display our ferns. However, this year, due to narrc :r 
staging, we could only use eighteen ferns. Once again we were let down by those 
responsible for erecting the staging. Having reported its absence, we waited for over an 
hour without any response from the organisers. Fortunately, my friends on the V ( PG 
stand came to my rescue with spare tables and hessian cloths, so that by late afternoon I was 
able to start staging the ferns. 

Preparing and selecting ferns for public display is a bit like being a football team manager. 
You have a squad of 'players' from whom you will select only those fit enough to play. 
There are those in reserve on the team bench in case some star fails to come up to scratch 
and sadly, there are those who are unfit to play. This year, I was able to field my foreign 
hJin". .1. vcninluni. iihvriinii Hipnniciim 'Pictum". 
A. otophorum, Blechnum peiuni-marina. I.hynptcri.s cranliiht (Knnmtla lemcea and 
Pohsiichum proliferum, while the local talenl was Asplenium scolopendrium and its 
varieties 'Crispum', 'Laceratum Kaye' and 'Marginatum". Athyrium ftlix-femina 'Caput 
Medusae" (sporeling), Dryopteris a/finis 'Pinderi crispa". (hnminla recalls and Polysticlium 
seiifcnim ■Divisilobum'. 

The aim of having the Society represented at shows is firstly to encourage membership, 
secondly to promote the cultivation of ferns, and thirdly, to educate the gardening public 
that not all ferns are bracken. The objective is to show the visitors as wide a range as 
possible of form and colour in hardy ferns. 

Once again I had to rely very heavily on those members who were prepared to give some of 
their valuable time to man the stand on those days that 1 was unable to be there. My sincere 
thanks to Bryan and Gill Smith, Jeff Whysall, Ray and Brenda Smith and my partner 
Elizabeth Graham. The dates of next year's show are the 1 1th to 15th June and we are 
always pleased to see members visiting our stand. If they can spare a couple of hours to 
work with us, so much the better. You need not be an expert to make a valuable 
contribution on the Society's behalf. 

SOUTHPORT FLOWER SHOW - 22-24 August A.R. Busby 

This year's show was blessed with dry weather and attendances were good. Unfortunately, 
having lost the contributions of a number of long-standing fern exhibitors, the number of 
entries was very poor; I cannot recall a year when the number of entries was so low. The 
entire range of fern classes was supported by only three exhibitors The standard of 
waTmade " *** ^ ^ ^ '^ ° f attcntmn to detail - Consequently, the task of judging 
The judge was A.R. Busby. The prize-winners are listed below. 
Class 6 Individual Championship: Four hardy, two greenhouse and two foreign hardy 

ferns: 1st Mr B. Russ, 2nd Mr I. Rawson (2 entries) 
Uass 7 Three Hardy British Ferns (three distinct not varieties): ( 1 entry 

Class 8 One Foreign Fern Hardy in Great Britain: 2nd Mr I. Rawson (2 entries) 
v-iassy rhixx 
Class 10 Three Pnhstn ■/„„„,. i, ' 1 , ' '^ ' ,ocntrics) 

Class 11 Three ieties): 2nd Mr I. Rawson (1 entry) 

Class 12 His. ! ^colopciiiiiii'in) (no entries) 

Class 13 One Bi ariet) |: 1 st Mr I. Raw son ( 1 entry) 

Class 14 One Greenhouse Fern: 1 st Mrs O. Fairclough (1 entry) 
Class 15 Three m (3 distinct varieties): (no entries) 

iLie Cup awarded for the most points gamed o\cr all the classes was won b\ Mr 
I. Rawson. 

One of many interesting features of this year's show was the report of a Bnkdalc couple 
who had discovered an original poster advertising the 1930 Southport I lower Show. This 
was found in a car boot sale and advertises the show as the 'largest summer flower show in 
the world'. The attractions advertised are 'horse leaping' and "invitation sheep do^ trials' 
View it yourself by visiting the show's own website, details o\ which arc gi\en below. It is 
interesting to compare our Society's show report in the British Fern Gazette for l c >3(>. A.J. 
MacSelf reports on the various fern classes and includes his disappointment that there were 
only three exhibitors in the class for a group of ferns occupying 100 square feet. 1 he 
previous year, this class boasted seven entries! Would that I could be given the chance to 
judge such a class. 

I would like to express my thanks to the foil 
make long journeys to see the show and spend i 
Mr and Mrs P. Hindle, Mr B. Russ, Mr P. Lamb and Mr R. Cole. My special thanks to 
Ann Gill, Ray and Brenda Smith, and my partner, Elizabeth Graham, for their valued 

The dates for next year's show are the 21st to 23rd August and we look forward to seeing 
you there. We are always short of help on the stand, so if any members have just a tew 
hours to spare I would be very pleased to accept offers of help. If any members are 
interested in showing ferns at the Southport Show, 1 would be pleased to ad\ ise them on the 
pleasures and pitfalls of competitive showing. For a schedule for the show please apply to 
Southport Show Ltd, Victoria Park, Southport, PR8 2BZ. 



The AFS invites all readers of this E 
to visit the AFS website: amerfern 

-v-'iiucis residing outside t > \. cjmcu., ... •■- -• ----- - ■ . ~ . . „ . pn 

delivery. For part,eula,s please wnteto I), Ucorge , atskic . M- * . ,.a Card en^CL 

Box 299, St Louis, Missouri Mlo6-t»M). ISA (george.} u^U 

members residing in Great Britain should write to Mr M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, 

Cumbria CA7 9LG (Membership^ 

AFS SUBSCRIPTION PAYMENTS: Our have an exchange arrangement whereby 

members of the BPS can pay their AFS nil - Membership Secretary and 

vice versa. Contact your Membership Secretary for details. 


1 2.00 p.m. 

COMMITTEE VACANCIES - In accordance with paragraph 3, section 3 of the Society's 
Constitution, two vacancies will occur due to the retirement of two of the longest serving 
Committee members. In addition, there is one unfilled vacancy. Nominations are invited 
from Society members to fill these vacancies at the Annual General Meeting in 2003. The 
names of the nominees, proposers and seconders, together with a letter from the nominee 
indicating his/her willingness to serve, should reach the General Secretary before the AGM. 
Members with a potential interest in serving as an elected Committee member and 
who wish to know more of the duties and responsibilities are invited to contact the 

SUBSCRIPTIONS 2003 - Members are reminded that subscriptions were due on 1st January 
2003 and should be paid to the Membership Secretary. Cheques should be made payable to 
The British Pteridological Society'. Current rates are given inside the front cover of this issue. 
Payment can be made by Credit Card - see renewal form. Standing Order forms are printed 
on the reverse of renewal forms and are also available from the Membership Secretary and the 
BPS web site ( Standing Orders may be paid on 1st January or 1st 
February. In either case, membership is deemed to be from 1 st January to 3 1 st December. 
'Senior 7 Membership Subscription Rate - The Committee considered the suggestion of a 
Senior Membership subscription rate. However, this is not a feasible option at present as too 
many members would qualify and the Societv "s funds would sutler to an unacceptable extent. 
Currently 90% of subscriptions are already assigned to on-going commitments. 
PUBLICATIONS BY AIRMAIL Our journals can be sent by airmail to overseas 
members, provided that they advise the Membership Secretary and pay an additional 
subscription to cover airmail postage. See inside front cover for rates. 
-iety field meetings should be aware of the Society's Safety Code (see 2000 
Bulk tin 5|5|: 275), as well as the Code of Conduct for the ( onscnation and Enjoyment of 
Wild Plants (see 1999 Bulletin 5(4): 199), and will be required to sign a Declaration form. 

Copies of these docum 

s obtained from the Meetings Secretary. 

GREENFIELD FUND This fund, set up as a memorial t 

growers. Percy Greenfield, 


■ ir> equipment, hooks and travel expenses [>erc> Greenfield's interest leaned 
wanted this tak, 

diversity or college grants and similar support arc not thc.cfo.c climhlc lor help from the 
fund. Applications will normally be dealt with once a sear and should be submitted bv 1st 

December. Anyone wishing to avail themselves o| .Mi- | 11IU | <M contact the Hon. 

General Secretary for further information. 


ptendophytes - horticultural, scientific 

n , . . ' P te «dologists. As such its scope is mucVhoadc. ;iiul more" flexible than - 

S^bv^n^r " willnormai1 kiL "' "' -« s,,ou,dbc 

is used to promote the study of all aspects < 
profe Ssl onal r— ""- and ^tional, whether by amateurs, students ■ 

SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS - There are three Special Int 
information please send a stamped addressed envelope to the orgar 
Tree-ferns: Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, 92 Drymen Road, Bearsden, Glas 
Foreign Hardy Ferns: A.R (Matt) Busby, 16 Kirby Comer Road, Cank 
Filmy Ferns: S.J. Munyard, 234 Harold Road, Hastings, last Suss, 
Alternatively the organisers may be contacted by e-mail: lac I en, FilmyFernsfa 
Special Interest Groups Reviewed - Early in 2002 the Commr 
Interest Groups i they were first set up around 

each group convenor would collate and distribute an annual new 
group. However, all convenors found it difficult to elicit articles a 
members and effectively had to write the newsletters themselves. 
burden on them. The Committee felt that the groups should contini 
might take alternative forms to a newsletter. Suggestions included 
Special Interest Groups, possibly a mini-s\mposium. rotating the i 
a two to three year cycle. The first ^\' these meetings, on Tree-fern 
on 8th November 2003. Also, lists of ferns grown by members 
published, with their permission, in Ptcrhbhgist. It was also 
appearing in the newsletters were of wider interest than the Spe 
could be equally published in Pteridologist. which after all. is pai 
horticultural and non-scientific aspects of pteridolog> . W ith these . 
would be no expectation of an annual newsletter, but the idea ot 
would be preserved and would serve to extend the Society's contr 

advice on many aspects of pteridophytes but are reluctant to ask 
where to obtain help. Queries from members on any aspects of the 

READING CIRCLE - The Society operates a reading circle 

a quarterly publication containing much information for tho; 

The Fidilleheat.ll '- 

accompanies it To receive these journals contact the Horticu 

BACK NUMBERS OF JOURNALS - Our back numbers are 

information pertaining to most aspects of ferns. A mixed pack of 

available for just £5 post-free to whet your appetite; other back numbers o\ the Soe.etv s 

journal are available to members at reasonable prices. A full list is available from the Back 

Numbers Organiser. 


exchanges journals with many other fern societies in the world. We have a collection of 

journals/newsletters from societies in the United States (2), Australia (3), New Zealand, 

India and the Netherlands If members would like to browse these. the> are welcome to get 

in touch with the Back Numbers Organiser for a list of our holdings. The journals can then 

be borrowed for just the cost of postage both ways. 

E-MAIL ADDRESSES Members who would like their e-mail addresses published in 

future membership address 

change in the immediate f 

invited to send their i 

>~'-mait address changes. 

WORLD-WIDE WEB SITE - The URL (address) of the BPS Web site hosted by The 
Natural History Museum is ''. See also article by our webmaster 
entitled 'eBPS' in 2000 Bulletin 5(5): 276. 

intended as a list to discuss the botany or growing of ferns, for wh 
/•'I- R\S would be more appropriate. See the BPS Web-site under 'Links'. Send a 
mail to: to subscribe. There is z 
site, which will be used for documents intended only for members and therefore not appropriate 
for posting on the BPS web-site, e.g. Booksales list and Merchandise details. So far, few 
members have subscribed to this service. Contact the BPS Webmaster for further information. 
BPS VIDEO 'BRITISH FERNS' - This twenty-five minute video shows most of the 
native British ferns growing in their natural habitats. It demonstrates the wide variety of 
size and form to be found in British ferns and the broad range of habitats they colonise. 
Attention is drawn to key identification characters for each species. 

Schering Agriculture and the National Museum of Wales funded the video. It is available 
for loan to members and interested organisations for £3, to cover handling costs (UK only). 
For further details write to the General Secretary enclosing a stamped addressed envelope. 
A copy of the above video is still missing despite last year's appeal. If any member has 
inadvertently forgotten to return the video after borrowing it, please would they kindly 
return it to the General Secretary as soon as possible. No repercussions! 
After receiving several requests to purchase the fern video, the Committee considered 
issuing it as a CD ROM. On review, the film quality of the video was considered too poor 
by today's standards to do so. However, it can be made available as a VHS tape at cost 
price. Interested members should enquire of the Secretary for further details. 
BPS FIRST MINUTE BOOK - This historical document containing the Committee 
<n of the Society in 1891 to 1983 is now available in full colour on 
>y, including postage. Place your order through Booksales. 
- Concessionary individual subscriptions to British Wildlife 

i CD ROM a 

ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY - Our Society is affiliated to the RHS, enabling 
a limited number of members to enjoy certain privileges in connection with RHS Shows, 
competitions and services. 

PAYMENT OF EXPENSES - Documents setting out the Rules of Conduct for the Treasurer 
(BPS/T/1), the Rules for Seeking Re-imhursemeni of Personal Travelling ond Adininistivtin' 
Expenses b\ officers and members actimj on behalf ol the SocicIn ( BPS/T/2), and the 
Authorities for Payment (BPS/T/3) can be obtained from the I Ionorar> I reasurer on request. 
COPYRIGHT - All contributors to the BPS journals and webpage are required to sign an 
agreement assigning ownership of copyright of the article, photograph etc. to the BPS. This 
"♦H aim of safeguarding the contributors- work from unlaw In! copxim: and use. It does 
• -eirown work elsewhere proofed that «hc> acknowledge 

*> contributors f 
5 original source c 

MERCHA NDISE _ Do you have a Bps swcatsh)rt and/()r tec sh]ri or ()nc of thc p0 ,o 
bookm \ T a1 ' ^ g '" CCn with a Sl,1;i11 m>S '— ", vellow. metal badges. 

iSTcTd car stickers sporting our logo arc also availablc ()thcr ,,cms lor sa h : 

Merchandise oLn!l tCar f dS / nd , n ° tdetS - ^ tl,ld >'° ,,r l fon " " UntaC \ 

' "■■ - new stock. 

THE FUTURE OF BOOKSALES - Internet sales have pushed the secoiu 
pteridophyte books to exorbitant levels sueh that m the past two \eat> the 
hand books has doubled and even trebled in some cases. Consequentl) 
Manager is struggling to buy books at reasonable prices. The C 011111111 
therefore that he should continue to obtain second-hand books when thev \\ 
at reasonable prices, but in future Booksales will concentrate on new 1 
publishers' deals as far as possible. Each year, a list of new books and Soen 
available through Booksales and a full list of books available, including ,e, 
will be available to members on request from the Booksales Manager, w ho 1 
supply a list of email addresses of second-hand book retailers. Baek copies o 
journals will also be included on the list. It is also hoped to have the list . 
BPS members' web document store, see earlier item. 

WANTED; HELP WITH PUBLICATIONS We still urgently need l\\ 
Editors to facilitate the flow of electronic information through the Soeiet; 
journals and the web site. e.g. to com ert newsletter format to web formal, he 
journal layout and production etc. Assistance is also needed with the pre 
ocasional Specail Publications and leaflets. This all invokes a wide rani 
Or do \ou have an aye For detail Of Bl 
MS WORD? IF So, we would like you're help.lf >ou think thai vou could I 

detinatelycan help), please contact the President in his eapaeitv as \etmg C 

hours or a day ^n the stand. Expenses are availabl 

A.R.. Busby in the first instance. Further information 1 

Information Officer. 

Do you have expertise in the design of display stands or similar skills and would like to 

help the Society'? The Committee has agreed the purchase of display stands tor use at ^1 lower 
Shows and other events and is seeking help wi 

billing to help, please contact A.R. Busby, the r 

1 Information Officer. 

NATIONAL COLLECTIONS OF FERNS - Traditional!) a large proportion of th, BPS 

gardens. Alastair Wardlaw. our President, is keen to see this enthusiasm being promoted 
through recognised NCCPG (National Council for the t oiise.vatn-n ot Plants and Gardens) 
National Collections of ferns and their allies. At present there are fod National Collections, 
of which only about a dozen are devoted to pteridophytes. These consist ot special,,, 
collections ol hlnm u U r la m. Uhyrium. Cystopicris Dicksomaceae. Dnoptcns. 

In addition. 
dsor Great Park and "British 

tquiscutm. Osmuiula. Poly/ ' Polystichiim. V 

there are two more general collections: 'Hardy Fet 

Ferns' in Alastair's garden. Duplication of collections in different parts ol 

exchange of specimens is to be strongly encouraged both tor convenience 

providj „sured eontmmtv of the species or variety. Main priceless eultivars from \ ictor.a 

times were irretrievably lost because of lack ot duplication in othei garden, X astau wou 

particularly like to be contacted by members of the Society who aught be interested > 

establishing their own Nation 

of the approx. 53 species of native British ferns 

information about the NCCPG and the rationale for 1 

www neepg com or from NCCPG. The Stable Courtyard, Wisley Garden, Woking. Surrey 

1 of British Ferns. His own collectic 


IN THE CHAIR: The President, Prof. A.C. Wardlaw. 

PRESENT: Mr P.J. Acock, Mr A.R. Busby, Mr B.K Byrne, Mr R.J. Cooke, 

Mr J.P.Crowe, Mr S.E. Czeladzinski, Mr M.L. Grant, MrG.K. Hoare, Miss J.M. Ide, 
Mr A.C. Jermy, Ms E. Knox-Thomas, Dr S.D. Martinelli, Dr J.W. Merryweather, 
Mr M.Morgan, Mr S.J. & Mrs K. Munyard, Miss R.J. Murphy, Mr A.H. Ogden, 
Miss A.M. Paul, Mrs B. Porter, Mr M.S. Porter, Mr P.H. Ripley, Mr H.C. Shepherd, 
Mr F.A. Strang, Mr R.W. Sykes, Dr J.D. Womack, Mr B. Wright. 

Item 1 - APOLOGIES FOR ABSENCE: Mr RG Ackers, Mr J.A. Crabbe, 
Dr A.F. Dyer, Dr N.J. Hards, Mr A. Leonard, Mr A. Monaghan, Dr C.N. Page, 
Mr A.C. Pigott, Mr M.H. Rickard, Dr F.J. Rumsey, Mr B.D. & Mrs G. Smith, 

Mr B.R. & Mrs R. Stevenson. 

Item 2 - APPROVAL OF MINUTES: The Minutes of the 98th Annual General Meeting 
held on Saturday 3rd March 2001, and published in the 2001 Bulletin (Vol. 5, no. 6) were 
f and signed by the Chairman. 


Despite the still-continuing, well-publicised problems of the railways, which prevented 
some members of the Committee, particularly those travelling from the north, attending 
some meetings we always had more than a quorum and were able to continue reviewing and 
improving the Society's procedures and putting the activities of the Society on a sound 

SYMPOSIUM 2001: The Society's Symposium, Fern Flora Worldwide - Threats and 
Responses, held at Guildford University in July, was a huge success from every standpoint. 
Twenty-three countries were represented among the 74 delegates (this figure probably 
of delegates). The papers presented were of high quality, 
sturbing. The Committee had already thanked R.G. Ackers, 
who bore much of the burden and worry of the organising administration, A.C. Jermy, who 
was responsible for the scientific programme of the meeting, A. Leonard, who was 
concerned with the registration of delegates and the handling of the finances and RJ. Cooke 
for the introduction to English Nature, which resulted in some funding from this 
organisation towards the mid-Symposium excursion to sites of conservation interest in 
Surrey. But I am sure that through this meeting, the Society would also wish to express its 
thanks to these people and to all who contributed to the organisation and hence the success 
of the Symposium. The finances were so finch tuned that the Soach sustained a loss ot 
only £78.40, a mere 0.36% of the total cost of L22,055 I think all would agree M 
RG. Ackers and A.Leonard deserve to be congratulated Unfortunately, the post- 

The editing of the proceedings is well underway and it is expected that thev will h 
later this year as a special edition of the Fern Gazette and will be dedicated to A. 
celebration of his 70th birthday and of his work for pteridophyte conservation. 

CHARITY STATUS: After making changes to the Consti 
Charity Commissioners advised, too late for the AGM 
additional amendment and the addition of certain clauses 
could confer charity status. Unfortunately, the pr 
be made at an AGM, so we have had to wait a further year before attaining our goal. 
Forestalling a similar situation in the future, the Committee is recommending to the 
membership that clause 10, which deals with constin ided to allow 

changes to be made at an Extraordinary General Meeting as well as an Annual General 
Meeting. The amendments and additions that are being put to the meeting toda> ha\e been 
approved by the Charity Commissioners and the impression we have been given is that the 
Society will be granted its Charity status once they have been made. 

Once we achieve charity status every Committee member will become a trustee of the 
Charity with a number of responsibilities, some of which have caused some of the present 
Committee members some disquiet, fearing that their own funds and properh might be 
subject to forfeiture under certain circumstances. This could only happen if. as Trustees, we 
were negligent in ensuring that the Society's finances were properly managed or were 
negligent with the safety of members at meetings. To ensure, as far as possible, that this did 
not happen, the guidelines for leaders of meetings was revised, a Safety Code prepared and 
distributed to all members via the Bulletin, and to protect the property of the trustees and 
the Society, a small working party was set up under the chairmanship of R.G. Ackers to 
investigate suitable insurance for the Society. 

THE ARCHIVES: The lack of proper archives and of an arclm ist continued to exercise the 
Committee, who had continued to look for an Archivist for the Society Paul and I .!> 
Ruston, both with useful experience, kindly volunteered, but they had to withdraw their 
offer due to a number of logistical difficulties. A.R. 'Matt' Busby, who is familiar with the 
types of material that need to be archived and has a sound background in the history of the 
Society, has offered to be the Archivist for the immediate future. We thank the Rustons for 
their interest in the position and hope that they will be willing to help the Archivist in that 
area in which they have a particular interest, namely li 
stumbling block is the lack of a suitable depository foi 

ved him i" 

of the archives, B. Wright completed the scanning, in colour, of the Societj s first 
Minute Book, which runs from the Society's inception in 1891 to 1983. This is the 
Society's most valuable document and CD ROM copies ,n Adobe Acrobat tormat. uith 
page numbers cross-indexed uith meeting dates, have been made fur archival purposes 
and distributed amongst officers for safe keeping. Important events are being cross- 
indexed, and when this has been completed CD ROM copies will be available to 
members at £10 a copy. We record our thanks to B. Wright for an excellent j '- 
turned out to be not quite as straightforward as he had expectH ' 

>f concern to the Committee, and A.R. Busby 
gh it would not prevent the Minute Book from 
iter damage. The Committee thanks him for his 

COMMITTEE APPOINTMENTS: As the Society's range of activities increases, it is 
inevitable that we have a slow trickle of officers, managers and organisers wishing to be 
relieved of their duties after a number of years' service. Following Linda and Mick 
Craddock's retirement as Merchandise Managers early in 2001, Bryan and Gill Smith took 

on this task. The Committee would like to 
hour of the appeal at the AGM last year 
merchandise to meetings. 

COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP: The Committee recommended as good practice that any 
member considered as a potential President, should be invited to serve as a member of the 
Committee. It was also agreed that where there were two or more editors of a journal, only 
the senior editor should serve on the Committee ex-officio. An exception would continue to 
be made for J.A. Crabbe in view of his long service as an editor of the Fern Gazette and his 
st in the work of the Committee. 

The Committee was sorry to receive during the year the resignation of Lawn 
as an elected member, due to family and work pressures. He has agreed t 

Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew recently will have been horrified to discover that the Filmy 
Fern House has been pulled down to make way for an extension to the Orangery for an 
expansion of the tea-room. In June, the President wrote to the Director, Prof. Peter Crane, 
expressing the Society's disappointment with this decision, and at the apparent running 
down of the oil'. ich at Kew. The reply, from 

Dr Nigel Taylor, was a grave disappointment to the Committee. 

WG CDR ERIC BAKER'S FERN COLLECTION: Last year we reported the death of Eric 
Baker. He had a large collection of ferns, which his widow, Rita, felt unable to maintain and 
it was Jack Bouckley's inspiration that the collection should go to Brodsworth Hall in South 
Yorkshire (in the care of English Heritage) for planting in the restored Victorian Fern Dett 
Jack and several other members represented the Society at the opening of the restored Dell 
on the 6th June. 

DEATH OF MR A.J. WORLAND: Of the twelve past and present members of the Society 
who died in 2001, perhaps we should particularly mention the untimely death of Tony 
Worland, a long-time member and staunch supporter of the Society, being central to its 
BCth ities in the 1970s and 1980s when he was firstly Meetings Secretary and then later the 
Fern Distribution Recorder. We send our condolences to his and all those families who have 
lost a member during the year. 

The Secretary's report was approved, proposed by R.J. Cooke and seconded by M.S. Porter. 
Item 5 

membership of the BPS topped 800 for the first time in the Society's history, and holding 
on to this increased membership in 2001 was obviously going to be a considerable 
challenge. It was pleasing to report that we were able to meet the challenge and, although 
membership numbers dropped slightly, they remained above the magic 800. 
During 2001, 76 new members joined the Society. From information given on the 
application Form three major reasons for joining could be identified: firstly, personal 

i by friends or colleagues already in the Society, secondly, the stimulus 
provided by exhibits at shows and talks given by members, and tlurdlv. t and perhaps now 

of people to become members. 

Against the 76 gains had to be balanced 87 losses and the death of eight members Again. 
this was a sad loss of fern enthusiasts, who had been deepl) involved in the world of 
pteridology, and a number of whom had made a considerable contribution to the Societv 
itself. Twenty-three members resigned, citing old age. infirmity or loss of interest as then 

those resigning sent their thanks and best wishes for the Soeiet\"s future. I lie remaining 
losses were the 50+ lapsed members, some of whom ma> have been extremels dissatisfied 
with the Society but, since they said nothing on the subject, we do not know the grounds lor 
their dissatisfaction and could, therefore, do nothing to recti fv matters I should stress that I 
do pass on all comments (particularly negative ones!) either to the Committee or to the 
Society Officer concerned and I know that serious attempts are made to remedv perceived 

The final breakdown of members for 2001 was a: 
Members, 53 Family Members, 606 Ordinary M 
giving a total of 801 members. 

Cooke): 2001 was a relatively quiet year with only five requests for information. These all 
concerned plans to re-point old walls supporting aspleniums. and in one ease Osnmmlu (on 
a canal wall). In these situations it is difficult to advise anything else other than to leave- 
some fern-rich areas temporarily unpointed to allow re-colonisation. Ferns in walls are 
notoriously difficult to re-establish elsewhere and this was. in m> view, not realK a viable 

, so we would have to rely on the ferns" abilit) to colonise. I! 

t would be interesting to record rates of re-colonisation, and 
w bether or not the same species are involved. 

The big event of the coming year will be the launch of the Botanical Society of the British 
Isles' new Atlas. This 'millennium project" was to update the !%2 plan, atlas, and will 
include updated distributions for all ferns. No doubt this will stimulate further recording in 
which the Society should participate. Watch Pteridologisl for details. 
During comments, A.C. Jermy said that that he would like to see the Soc.elv publish a 
separate volume of the fern records. R.J. Cooke replied that he saw no obstacle to obtaining 
the records as they were held by the Environmental Information ( entre. Monks \\ ood. and 
were not copyrighted, but the Society would need to add its own text as the BSB1 text 
would be under copyright. 

Item 8 - SUBCOMMITTEE (Permanent) REPORTS: 

8.1 - Meetings Subcommittee (P.J. Acock): It was feared that the field meetings 
would be completely disrupted by foot and mouth disease in 2001. In the event, it was 
mainly some regional meetings and the end-of-Symposium Excursion that succumbed to 
this scourge of the countryside. 

The early meeting in Guernsey proved a great delight, with many regulars and newer 
members enjoying the verv different pteridophytes, pleasant weather and evening 
banter. Andrew Leonard must be complemented for his diligent work in seeking out 
every last plant of interest. The AGM proved ever popular as the place where the 
membership could meet and leisurely exchange ideas through interesting discussions 


and talks. Thanks go to Barrie Stevenson and his group for hosting 

Graham Ackers for putting together such an interesting progra 

meeting went ahead despite being at the peak of the epidemic, witl 

Ian Bennallick arranging a very varied and full event. 

the discovery of only the second locality for the only 'alie 

Britain, Polystichum munition x P. setiferum. The late season 

eventful and some members travelled a considerable distance 

meeting, though not so well attended considering its central location, 

greater than the sum of the individual pieces, and was greatly enjoyed by 

We must thank Jennifer Ide who conceived and organised such a fine event. 

I am sure you would want me to pass on our grateful thanks to all our organisers and 

their helpers, many of whom miss part of the programme to check that the events are 

running smoothly. Another packed programme has been arranged for 2002, and the 

planning for 2003 is nearing completion. The Subcommittee would like to give the 

membership every opportunity to suggest ideas for and to lead meetings, and hope you 

will contact us after the meeting or by dropping us a line. 

After the presentation of the report, A.C. Jermy suggested that a meeting could be planned 

around one or more of the Special Interest Groups, thus providing an opportunity for 

members of the group or groups to meet. P.J. Acock replied that such a meeting was 

planned for 2003. 

8.2 - Publications Subcommittee (Prof. A.C. Wardlaw): After several years of 

dedicated service, Miss J.M. Camus resigned as Chairman of the Publications 

Subcommittee in April 2001. The Society owes her a great debt for furthering the 

publishing activities of the Society, particularly for her initiative m introducing the 

copyrighting of Society publications and for being Chief Editor of The Fern Gazette. Until 

a replacement is found, the President has assumed temporary chairmanship of this 

Subcommittee. To deal with the problem of members having difficulty in physical 

attendance at meetings, a new system of electronic exchange of subcommittee business has 

been introduced, all current members being on e-mail. 

8.2.1 - Bulletin The 2001 Bulletin was again a bumper issue comprising 72 pages plus a 
complete membership address list. As always, the Editor would appreciate feedback on the 
length and general content of reports. The activities of the Society continued to diversify, 
and despite the restrictions caused by the foot and mouth epidemic, the Regional Groups 
managed a notable programme of meetings that required a full 24 pages of the Bulletin. The 
Society is very fortunate to have such a dedicated and competent Editor as Miss A.M. Paul 
producing the Bulletin. 

Index to BPS Bulletin. A.M. Paul reported that Jonathan Crowe had completed a draft index 
to volumes 1-4 of the Bulletin (1973-1995). It is hoped that an index to volumes 1-5 will be 
published in the next year. 

8.2.2 - The Fern Gazette: The year started well with the spring issue of the journal 
appearing on time. But then publication was interrupted by the resignation of Miss J.M. 
Camus as Chief Editor. Despite extensive enquiries by the President, no person willing to 
become Chief Editor had been found by October 2001 and, as a stopgap measure, the 
President, with assistance from R.J. Cooke and Dr N.J. Hards, undertook to gel the autumn 
2001 issue published from manuscripts already in the pipeline. I his 52-page issue is now in 
the finaUtages of preparation. Meanwhile, in December 2001, Dr M. Gibby volunteered to 

s expected to take over the management of 

8.2.3 - Pteridologist: Prof. B.A. Thomas completed a four-year period as Editor in May 
2001 and deserves a warm expression of appreciation from the Societ\ for Inning 
maintained the journal with many Inte this period Later m the 

summer of 2001, Dr J.W. Merryweather, who had been Editor pre\iousl\. indie.ited Ins 
willingness to undertake another tour of duty as Editor. As always, the Editor is dependent 
on members of the Society for submission of papers on all general aspects of pteridolog) 
The new Editor, with backing from the Committee, is keen for Pteridologist to become the 
'flagship' publication of the Society, both serving the existing membership and attracting 
new members. For example, a new initiative to be explored could be supplying the 
magazine for sale at public gardens where ferns are a major attraction. To that end. it is 
proposed that the page size be increased to A4, to bring the magazine into line w ith current 
publishing trends and to allow greater flexibility and attractiveness of internal layout. 
There was a general agreement amongst members present for the proposed A4 format. 
A.C. Jcrim commented that the editor needed tc 

8.2.4 - World Wide Web Site: A.C. Pigott continued to manage the Society's site on 
the World Wide Web and was always on the lookout for new material. Members were 
referred to his article published in a previous Bulletin (Vol. 5(5): 276, 2000). 

8.2.5 - Other Publications and Special Publications: Prof. B.A. Thomas had 
indicated his willingness to become Editor of Special Publications. - Symposium Proceedings: The proceedings of the very successful International 
Symposium on Fern Flora Worldwide - Threats and Responses, which was held at the 
University of Guildford, Surrey in July 2001. is being prepared as a special volume ol Jin 
Fern Gazette. Dr A.F. Dyer, Dr E. Sheffield and Prof. A.C. Wardlaw are editing it The 
volume is likely to run to around 230 pages and to contain the text versions of about 2> 
papers that were presented at the Symposium, together with the 

posters. Publication is e ■ 

f 2002. This volume will be dedicated 

£ his 70th birthday. - BPS Minute Book CD: The Society's most valuable archive, the 630-page 
Minute Book, had been scanned in colour by B. Wright, and a CD is now on offer by 
subscription. Further particulars are contained in the flyer presented at the current meeting. - Index for Pteridologist: M. Searle had completed the compilation 

e (Vol. 3) of Pteridologist , ; 
mplete, these indexes will provide invaluable acct 
tferidological subjects published in that magazine si 

indexing \ 
information c - Special Interest Group Newsletters: Since their inception in .994 the three B 
Special Interest Groups: Filmy Ferns, Foreign Hardy Ferns and Tree-Fems. r uffered 

from the problem of having insufficient copy to sustain the regular P™«uct.o., . ot 
Newsletters Moreover, with substantial articles there is the question of whether they would 
be better published in Pteridologist, and thus be available to the BPS member^ ) » ■. 
whole. A possible way forward would be to sustain the Groups by (a) a periodic Group 
indoor meeting within the regular BPS programme of indoor meetings and (b) the 
compilation ana circulation of Group members' holdings of taxa, -^T^^ 
a contribution to the emerging theme of ex situ conservation ot rare 

8.3 - Fern Varieties Nomenclature Subcommittee: No report 
Item 9 - SUBCOMMITTEE (ad hoc) REPORTS: 
9 -l - Fern Atlas Subcommittee: No report. 



r (A.R. Busby): I have been trying to find a central place where archive 
nt of £1 7,000 per year! Items for the 

10.2 - BOOKSALES (S.J. Munyard): Booksales had a successful year in 2001 despite the 
usual problem of finding second-hand stock. I lost the hard drive on my computer as a result 
of the telephone line being struck by light that members' book requests 
had been lost. If any member requires a particular book title, please let me know and I will 
try to fulfil the request. Due to the influence of the Internet on book prices, Booksales 
would now carry a higher proportion of new publications. Second-hand prices in a lot of 
cases have doubled, or even quadrupled in the last year, and it is not a viable proposition 
for me to purchase them. Booklists are now sent out all through the year upon receipt of 
a SAE, therefore the list sent out with the Bulletin would show only BPS and new 

10.3 - Merchandise (B.D. & G. Smith): We were very pleased to be asked to take over 
i n BPS Merchandise when Mr M.J. and Mrs L.I. Craddock regrettably decided that 
they could no longer do so. Our task was made so much easier when, in June, Mick and 
Linda handed over the carefull\ listed merchandise stock, and explained in great detail 
(with notes) how to manage things. Since then, there has been a slow but steady stream of 
merchandise requests, and there was an extremely healthy injection of funds from sales at 
the Guildford Symposium. It seemed that everyone wanted some memento of the BPS and a 
magnificent £337 was raised at that event alone. 

For the future, apart from much needed re-stocking of items, we are looking for new items 
to add to the merchandise list. Hallmark Cards in the USA, who produced a lovely fern- 
covered serviette, were approached but unfortunately no reply has been received. Other 
items being explonng are BPS pens, china mugs and beach towels. When samples and 
information on prices have been gathered together, we will present them to the Committee 
for approval. If anyone has any other ideas a 
letter or via the BPS Merchandis 

10.4 - Plant Exchange (R. & 
were circulated, instead of the usual c 

individual enquiries being around 75. Sir 

the scheme. One interesting feature was the extensive number of Selagin 
species on offer, which provided an excellent opportunity for anyone w 
collection of these particular taxa. 
We are hopeful that the next circular will be included in the 2002 Pteridologist and that an 
updated list will be available for distribution in September. 

10.5 - Spore Exchange (B. & A. Wright): The exchange continued to be a popular 
service offered to members, with 145 requests being received and processed, resulting in the 
sending out of 2,477 packets of spores (an average of 17 packets per request). Of these, 102 
requests were from UK members (England 86, Scotland 

rom 20 overseas countries, which confirms the 

(Australia 20, Austria 1, Belgium 2, Canada 1, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 

Of the 571 taxa on the 2001 list there were requests for 528 of them. To gi\e an idea o\ the 
pattern of requests - there were only 38 taxa where more than ten packets of each taxon 
were sent out. The majority of taxa were requested less than five times. This figure is 
slightly artificial as some donations were so small that we could only make up five packets, 
or less, as in the case of Woodsia alpina and W. ilvensis, which are always requested 
beyond our ability to supply. The top ten species (those of which the most number ol 
packets were sent out in 2001) were as follows, with the number of times the> were 
requested: Cheilanthes argentea 25, Woodwardia areolata 23, Woodwardia fimbriate 19, 
Asplenium ceterach 18, Woodwardia unigemmata 18. B/echmim chilcnsc 18. Polystichum 
lonchitis 16, Todea barbara 16, Cryptogramma crispa 15. Polv^tn ham <l> . panum 15. 
A.R. Busby reported that he had only a single request for Osmunda spores in 2001 . 
During 2001 we received donations from 27 donors. Without donations there would not be 
an exchange. We are grateful for all the spores we received and would also like to thank 
those requesting them for their patience in the early weeks of the distribution. Dealing with 
the first flush of requests continued to be a problem. We usually get around 70 requests in 
the first two weeks of the list being sent out. The way we run the exchange means that we 
can take up to six weeks to turn round some of the earliest requests. As the exchange >ear 
progresses, we have a shorter turn-round period. We hope to publish an article in 
Pteridologist about exactly how we manage the exchange. 

10.6 - Horticultural Information Officer (A.R. Busby): Eight enquiries were 
received, all but one from non-members. 

The above reports, Items 6 to 10.6, were accepted en bloc, proposed by S.E. Czeladzinski 
and seconded by S.D. Martinelli. 

Election of Officers, Committee Members and Auditors: With the exception of Miss 
J.M. Camus, who had resigned as Chief Editor of The Fern Gazette, the present officers of 
the Society were all eligible for re-election and had indicated their willingness to stand. Dr 
M. Gibby and Dr J.W. Merryweather had agreed to stand as Editors of The Fern I m.-. * 
and Pteridologist respectively. Of the present elected members of the C ommmec. 
L.Kirkham had retired earlier in the year and B. Wright and Dr S.D. Martmclh were 
retiring and not eligible for re-election. The remaining elected members (R.G. Ackers. Dr 
A.F. Dyer, E. Knox-Thomas, Dr F.J. Rumsey and R.W. Sykes) were eligible for re-e ledum 
and had indicated their willingness to stand. The auditors, P.H. Ripley and Mrs K 
Munyard, were both eligible for re-election and had indicated their willingness to standi 
was proposed from the Chair and seconded by S.D. Martinelli and S .- i *bdzu*£ *tf 
all officers, those elected members eligible for re-election and the auditors be elected en 
bloc. The vote was unanimously in favour. 

Election of New Committee Members: There were four nominations for Committee 
membership as follows: 

Stefan E. Czeladzinski - proposed P.J. Acock, seconded P.H. Ripley 

Mike L. Grant - proposed P.J. Acock, seconded P.H. Ripley 

Steve J. Munyard - proposed M.S. Porter, seconded R.J. Cooke 

Paul H. Ripley - proposed J.M. Ide, seconded A.M. Paul. 
The above were duly elected unanimously. 

Hen, 12 - CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES: As reported by .he G -^' ^^^ 
item 4 above, the Charity Commissioners amendments and the addmon of clanses 

to the Constitution before they would confer charity status on the Society. T! 
proposed changes were circulated with the last Bulletin. 

1. Clause 2. OBJECTS The objects of the Society are to promote and encourage the i ultivatm 
of tents and other ptehdophytes and to further the study of their taxonomy, distribution, 
conservation and < ttions, meetings and grants. 

To be re-drawn as follows: OBJECTS The objects of the Society are to promote hortk ultuix n» 
the /'tihiiL benefit particularly by encouraging the cultivation of terns and other pteridophvt^ 
and to further education in and study of their taxonomy, distribution, conservation and ecology 
through publications nu rings and the / ovision of grants. 

2. Clause 10. ALTERATION TO RULES This Constitution may be altered as follows Any 

two members, and be deposited with the Honorary General Secretary not less than thirty Jay* 
before the Annual General Meeting. Such alteration or addition shall be included in the Agenda 

thirds of the members present at the meeting are cast in favour. 

To be amended as follows: ALTERATION TO RULES Any proposal for alteration or addition 

with the Honorary Genera/ Secretary not less than thirty dctvs before the Annual General 
Meeting or at an Extra-ordinary General Meeting eatlcd for the purpose. Such alteration or 

I haw the effeet of making the Society C 

e Executive Committee shall from ti 
• signed by at least two members ofi 
) The funds belonging to the Charin 

i uses to be numbered appropriately. 
Before putting the proposals to the vote, one correction to the published pi 
noted: the first sentence of the proposed amended Clause 10 should read "... i 
thirty days before the Annual General Meeting or before an Extra-ordin, 
Meeting ..." The acceptance of all the changes was proposed by R.W Sykes. 
S.D. Martinelli and carried unanimously. [The revised Constitution can Iv seen , 


V( Jerim . supported by a detailed document sctim; 
pteridology in general, had been made by Miss J.M. 
The President noted that in the past the Society hi 
Membership, however, the Committee was unanimoi 
way and he was congratulated by the meeting. [See ti 

Hon. Gen. Secretary 

Notes to the Accounts 

1 • The accounts reflect the subscriptions actually r 

2. BPS Booksales had assets of £5.361.24 (£5,708 

3. The Society also possesses the following assets: 

s of the Bulletin. Eeri 
Merchandise valued at appro-- n 

4. The Society made no grants in 20( 

5. The Society bought a computer fo 

6. The numbers of copies of publicat 
7- The Symposium accounts 2000-2C 

The difference (-£78.40) was made up by BPS it 
The committee had offered the symposium £40U 

s accounts and found them t 

K. Munyard & P.H. Ripley 

curate record of the Society - 



Symposium 2001 










^ministration & Postage 


Plant & Spore Exchanges 

Special Interest Groups 
BALANCE for current year 

Hailing hmtight forward 
nee carried forward at 31.12.2001 


i forward at 3 1.1 2.2001 £6,485.59 


carried forward ai M.I 2 :»u| 

Honorary Membership - A. Clive Jermy 

At the AGMon 16th March 2002 Honorary Membership was conferred on ( 'live Jermy for 
his services to pteridology and to the BPS. The following tribute by JMC was publish* d in 
Taxon (42: 477-479, J 993) to mark Clive 's retirement from The Natural History Museum, 
London and is reprinted here with perm is s i ■ md additions. 

Clive Jermy is a name associated round the world v 
took up the role of Head of the Fern Section in thi 
Museum (Natural History), London, on 6th October 1958, after his postgraduate studies on 
Carex at the University of Leicester. 

He immediately took the British pteridological world in hand, publishing A preliminary 
census list of British pteridophytes in 1959, the year he also took over as editor of the 
British Pteridological Society's journal The British Fern Gazette (now known as The hem 
Gazette). His influence over this Society has been impressive and of long duration. He has 
held these offices: Editor of The Fern Gazette (1959-1965 sole editor, 1966-14S3 with 
others), Editor of Special Publications series (1984-2002), President (1982-1985) and Vice- 
President (1987-1993). 

The Society's President Emeritus, J.W. Dyce, credited Jermy with taking the BPS (a mainly 
horticultural and amateur society) 'into the botanical world' and making it a truly 
international society at all levels of pteridology. Jermy encouraged the membership to think 
about all aspects of a fern or fern ally - morphology, genome, ecology. In 1978 the Atlas of 
Ferns of the British Isles was published as a result of collaboration initiated by Jermy 
between the BPS and the Botanical Society of the British Isles. The BM Fern Crib (1987) 
was so popular that it led to publication of The Illustrated Field Guide to Ferns and Allied 
Plants of the British Isles in 1991. 

Jermy was the driving force behind two of the Society's three international symposia: The 
phytogeny and classification of the ferns, held jointly with the Linnean Society in 1972. and 
the BPS's centenary symposium in 1991 on The cultivation and propagation of 

He was awarded the Society's rarely bestowed Stansfield Medal for outstanding services to 
pteridology in 1991. 

Jermy's enthusiastic and international role in furthering pteridology has led to the highly apt 
tag of 'catalyst'. There cannot be a pteridologist in the world of any discipline who is not 
indebted to Jermy in some way or other. He has given unstinted encouragement to novices 
and helped established scientists. His help has been especially valuable to those in countries 
where the pursuit of such academic studies has not been greatly supported. His 
determination enabled him, in 1978, to be one of the first foreign scientists to visit the 
People's Republic of China in many years. 

His publication (with Jim Crabbe and John Mickel) in 1975 of A new generic sequence for 
the pteridophyte herbarium is widely used round the world by herbaria. 
In 1981, Jermy instigated the International Association of Pteridologists, which started 
under the aegis of the International Association of Plant Taxonomists. He has held the 
office of Chairman (1981-1987), and also edited its Newsletter from its initiation in 1986 
until 1992. 

Jermy has collected pteridophytes (and other plants) in every ecosystem f 

everwet tropical forests. His collecting numbei 

collections of multiple sets are enhanced by 1 

(sporeling plants), which greatly enriched the ! 

Gardens, Kew, and opened up new avenues of 

studies, cytology, electrophoretic study of enzymes, 

Jenny's renowned predecessor, A.H.G. Alston, died with his manuscript on South 
American Selag is work was completed (with J.M. Rankin) and 

published in 1981. His current research interests lie with lycopods {Diphasiastrum and 
Isoetes) and ferns (Dryopteris affinis complex and Trichomanes). He has worked closely 
with Dr Trevor G. Walker on aspects of taxonomy and cytology of the pteridophytes of 
Trinidad and (with other colleagues as well) of SE Asia. 

Jermy gives to pteridology has spilled over into two other fields - 

He received the prestigious Murchison Award from the Royal Geographical Society, 
London, in 1980. This is given for the advancement of geographical science and was 
awarded to Jermy for his efforts as: scientific co-ordinator of the RGS Gunung Mulu, 
Sarawak, expedition in 1977/78; first honorary head of the Expedition Advisory Centre at 
the RGS; trustee of the Young Explorers' Trust and its chairman for three years in the mid 

In the course of conservation, he has long been associated with local British organisations 
such as the Norfolk Naturalists' Trust and The Kent Trust for Nature Conservation. On the 
international front, he has been a member of the Species Survival Commission Plant 
Conservation Committee of IUCN World Conservation Union, Co-Chair of the 
Pteridophyte Specialist Group and has served as a council member of the Fauna and Flora 
Preservation Society (now FFI). He has been a member of the Botanical Society of the 
British Isles since 1954, a Vice-President 1991-1995, an Honorary Member since 1997 and 
an active member of their Conservation Committee. He was deeply involved with the 
forming and managing of the Conservation Association of Botanical Societies in 1988 and 
played a major role in the group that founded Plantlife (the only organisation solely devoted 

good proving ground for stamina ai 
ment on 2nd July 1992, Jermy took up tl 
t policy when tl 

Jermy' s colleagues are secure in i 
shedding of administrivi, 
study of ferns. 

Group for Pteridophytes. He played a 

i Co-ordinator of t 

Scientific Programme 

"N Species Survival Commission 5 


Me in a fourth international BPS symposium 

e for Fern flora worldwide tlir 

cats ami 

king with his co-authors towards i 

, revised 

of the British Pteridological Society 

As adopted at the AGM 27 September 1961 (with amendments 1972, 1975. 1983. 20(H) & 2002) 

1. NAME The Society shall be called "The British Pteridological Society". 

2. OBJECTS The objects of the Society are to promote horticulture for the public benefit 
particularly by encouraging the cultivation of ferns and other pteridophytes and to further 

publications, meetings and the provision of grants. (March 2000. March 2002) 


(i) The Officers of the Society shall consist of a President, up to six Vice-Presidents. ;i 
General Secretary, a Treasurer, the Editors of the Society's regular publications comprising 
the Bulletin, the Fern Gazette, the Pteridologist, the Society's World Wide Web Site, a 
Membership Secretary, a Meetings Secretary and a Conservation Officer. All posts heing 
honorary. (October 1972, March 2000) 

(ii) The Management of the Society shall be in the hands of a Committee consisting of not 
more than ten elected members with the addition of the Officers o\~ the Society. I i\e 
members, of which one will be an Officer, shall constitute a quorum. The Committee shall 
have the power to co-opt additional members for special purposes, including Assistants to 
the Honorary General Secretary, Honorary Treasurer and Editors of Publications. (October 
1972, March 2000) 

(iii) Any Holders of Committee appointments, such as Spore Exchange Organiser, Plant 
Exchange Organiser, Booksales Organiser, or Archivist, who are not also either an elected 
Officer of the Society or an elected Member of the Committee, will be eligible to attend 
Committee Meetings but will have no voting rights. (March 2000) 

(iv) The President shall be elected at an Annual General Meeting and remain in office for 
three years and on retirement shall not be eligible for immediate re-election. All Vice- 
Presidents shall be elected at an Annual General Meeting and remain in office for six 
years. On retirement they shall not be eligible for re-election. All other Officers of the 
Society shall be elected at the Annual General Meeting and remain in office until the 
next Annual General Meeting when they shall retire but be eligible f 
Members of the Committee shall be elected at ai 
remain in office until the next Annual General N 
eligible for re-election with the exception of the two members with the longest service 
who shall not be eligible for re-election until after the lapse of one year. In the event of 
there being more than two members of the Committee who would be ineligible for re- 
election, the names of those to retire shall be decided by lot. Should a vacancy occur 
during the year, such a vacancy may be filled by Committee. (February 1983, March 

(v) A resolution in writing signed and agreed to by all members of the Committee for the 
«me being in the United Kingdom shall be as valid and effectual as if it had been passed at 
a meeting of the Committee duly called and held, and may consist of several documents in 
the like form each signed by one or more members of the Committee, 
(vi) Nominations for Officers and members of the Committee must normally be received by 
the Honorary General Secretary twenty-one days before the Annual General Meeting. 


In furtherance of the 
following powers: 

> borrow i 
t of the money so borrowed; 
) power to employ such staff (who shall not be members of the Executive Committee) as 
e necessary for the proper pursuit of the objects and to make all reasonable and necessary 
ovision for the payment of pensions and superannuation for staff and tl 

other charities, voluntary bodies i 
operating in furtherance of the objects or of similar charitable pi 
information and advice with them; 

ivinj power ro appoint and constitute such advisory coi itive Committee 

(ix) power to do all such other lawful things as are necessary for the achievement of the 

5. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE (New clause March 2002) 

(i) The funds of the Charity, including all donations contributions and bequests, shall be 
paid into an account operated by the Executive Committee in the name of the Charity at 
such bank as the Executive Committee shall from time to time decide. All cheques drawn 
on the account must be signed by at least two members of the Executive Committee, 
(ii) The funds belonging to the Charity shall be applied only in furthering the objects. 

6. ACCOUNTS (New clause March 2002) 

The Executive Committee shall comply with their obligations under the Charities Act 1993 

(or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that Act) with regard to: 

(i) the keeping of accounting records for the Charity; 

(ii) the preparation of annual statements of account for the charity; 

(in) the auditing or independent examination of the statement of account of the Charity; and 

(iv) the transmission of the statements of account of the Charity to the Commission. 

(i) The Annual General Meeting of the Society shall be held at such time and place as the 

may decide for the purpose of passing accounts, electing Officers and the 
and transacting the general business of the Society. General and field meetings 
Id at the discretion of the Committee. 

(ii) An Extra-ordinary General meeting shall be called by the Honorary General Secretary 
within thirty days of receiving a request in writing from the Committee or of not less than 
twenty members stating the purpose for which such a meeting is required. 
( in | At least twenty-one days notice of any General Meeting shall be given to all members. 
8. NOTICES The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, or the non-receipt ot 
notice of a meeting by, any member shall not invalidate any proceedings or resolutions at 
any meeting of the Society or any Committee thereof except in the case of removal from 

10. HONORARY MEMBERSHIP The Committee may elect any person or persons lo 
Honorary Membership of the Society. Honorary Members shall be entitled to all the 
pfivileges of membership, but shall not be liable for payment of any subscription. 


(i) Any member failing to pay his subscription within six calendar months o\' its becoming 
due shall be liable to have his name removed from the List of Members of this Society 
(ii) Any member whose conduct in the opinion of the Committee is prejudicial to the 
interests of the Society may be removed from membership by a two-thirds majority vote of 
those present at a meeting of the Committee on the Agenda of which the words "Removal 
of a Member shall have appeared; provided no member may be so removed unless due 
notice has been sent to the member of the intention of the Committee to proceed under this 
rule and of the nature of the charges made and an oDDOrtunity has been afforded of 
answering such charges to the satisfaction c 
forfeit any claim upon the Society. 


(i) Any proposal for alteration or addition to this Constitution shall be in writing, and 
shall be signed by twenty members, and be deposited with the Honorary General 
Secretary not less than thirty days before the Annual General Meeting or before an 
Extra-ordinary General Meeting called for the purpose. Such alteration or addition shall 
be included in the Agenda of that meeting and circulated to all members and shall not be 
carried unless the votes of two-thirds of the members present at the are cast in 
favour. (March 2002) 

(ii) No alteration shall be made which would have the effect of making the Society cease to 
be a charity at law. (March 2002) 

14. DISSOLUTION The Society may be dissolved by a vote of at least three-quarters 
majority of those present and voting at an Extraordinary General Meeting called for that 
Purpose and if an effective resolution for dissolution is passed the surplus funds and 
Property of the Society shall be disposed of to an agreed charitable organisation of similar 
interest. (March 2002) 



It is with great sadness that we report the news of Jim Crabbe's death on 22nd August 2002. 
That his name has been associated with The Fern Gazette (earlier known as The British 
Fern Gazette) for the last 39 years is the finest tribute and lasting memorial to him. 
Jim began his career at The Natural History Museum when it was still known as the British 
Museum (Natural History) in 1932. His job bore the now extinct title of Attendant, and he 
was assigned to help the late A.H.G. Alston with the Fern Herbarium. His career was 
interrupted for nearly six years by World War II, but, ever the kindly tutor, in the last 
months of the war Jim asked his parents to send his natural history books out to him in Italy 
so that he could wean his fellow servicemen back into education. 

On his return to the Museum in 1946, he found that the building and some specimens had 
been damaged during the war. However, this enabled the Department of Botany to expand 
and Jim's careful forethought and organisation resulted in the Fern Herbarium moving to 
new accommodation and gaining the reputation of being one of the best curated collections 
of fern specimens in the world. 

The post-war years also saw the British Pteridological Society take on a new lease of life, 
and Jim's long involvement with the Society began in 1954. His name appears regularly in 
accounts of Society field meetings. He is pictured on page 108 of The History of British 
Pteridology 1891-1991 (Camus, ed. 1991) enjoying a rest, faithful camera in hand - he was 
a keen photographer. He became a Committee Member in 1955 and in 1963 took on the 
editorial duties that continued until his death. Dunn., this nine he worked with ten co- 
editors (A.H.G. Alston, Clive Jermy, Frances Jarrett, Barry Thomas, Chris Page, Jeffrey 
Grimes, Mary Gibby, Barbara Parris, Josephine Camus and Alastair Wardlaw), training 
most of them to his own high standards. He always had the interests of the Society at heart, 
and when his health no longer permitted him to attend Committee meetings he was on the 
phone early the next day demanding a detailed debriefing. 

abroad, so Jim was able to < 

assistance to fern researchers i 

acknowledgements of major publical 

this time he had risen considerably through the ranks to Senii 

publications covered biographies, bibliographies and new disc 

was co-author of the very important work on the new genei 

been adopted by many herbaria worldwide. 

In 1997 Jim donated a silver cup, the J.W. Dyce Trophy, to c< 

that his friend Jimmy had given over many years to the Sc 

Trophy would be awarded annually to the exhibitor who ami 

classes at a BPS Fern Show. 

Jim's colleagues remember him as a cheerful and pleasant p 

societies around the world. He was a strong character, especia 
words. Successive editors of The Fern Gazette had to sum 

distinctive 'J AC autograph are found t 

guiding the next generation along the right path. His personality and contributions to 

pteridology and the Society will be greatly missed. 

isic, died 16 years previously. We offer 
nd their families. 

Josephine Camus 


Hugh Corley, a long-standing member of the Society, died on 19th October 2002. 12 days 
after celebrating his 88th birthday. By the BPS, he will be remembered for his enthusiastic, 
yet scientific studies of the male and buckler ferns for which he was elected an Honorar) 
Member in 1994. 

Hugh was born in South India, where his father taught at, and was later Principal of, the 
Christian College in Madras. He left India when he was four and went to school in England, 
eventually attending Marlborough C ollege. from « here he gamed entrance to ( >riel College. 
Oxford, to read zoology. After a brief period in the anm he took up (arming, at hrst 
working as a pupil on a farm near Kelmscott. Towards the end of 1938 he bought Puc kettj 
Farm at Faringdon. At that time, Pucketty, like many farms in Britain, was quite run down 
and Hugh soon decided that he would try to build it up on organic principles. Not only did 
he become an organic farmer, he eventually wrote a book on the subject, and in those early 
days many people came to Pucketty to learn how to farm organically. 
At the outbreak of World War II, Hugh was advised by the Gloucester Regiment that they 
had plenty of officers and did not need him, so he resigned his commission and continued 
Arming, joining the Home Guard instead. In 1940. a land-girl called Bett> Henr> armed at 
the farm to help, and within three months Hugh and Betty were married. 
In the 1950s, Hugh developed an interest in ferns - quite by chance. In North Wales he 
was showing his eldest son how to use a dichotomous key. They picked a common tern 
a t the roadside, which they tracked down to be the rigid buckler fern, Dnoptu s ■ Hat ii 
<no\\ D. submontana), only to find that it was listed as a very rare species. With the 
Hugh worked through the key again and 

in being 


AB, AAB) for the possible c 

of Dryopteris affinis, work that is still being continued today. 

He began to read around the subject, in particular Irene Manton's milestone treatise on the 

cytology of ferns, and other publications that were emerging from her School of fern 

cytology. One line of published research into the buckler ferns (by Stanley Walker) had 

stimulated Hugh to search for the 'missing' diploid parent of D. carthusiana. Hugh 

contacted Stanley, then President of the BPS, who lent him an old microscope so that Hugh 

could check spores to see if they were abortive and thereby a hybrid. 

Fieldwork was done in southern England and Wales at weekends when the farming 

calendar allowed it, and for many years in Argyll, a 'hot bed' of Dryopteris variation, 

where the Corleys had a farming friend who they visited twice a year. In 1982 Hugh 

was fern hunting in Kintyre and made the first discovery outside Finland of Dryopteris 

x sarvelae (D. carthusiana x D. expansa). Hugh led a BPS Meeting in Argyll in 1996 

when members visited 15 sites and saw much of interest (see BPS Bulletin 5(1): 3-5). 

A living fern collection was built up at Pucketty - in the garden, in outhouses and in the 

sitting room. Those in the house were usually in plastic sacks, sometimes for several 


irrounding carpet!) were regularly sprayed \ 

and the ferns' 

unconventional though he was, Hugh got his priorities ngm 
_ came first. Many of these specimens were later studied in 
depth by Walker, and latterly, by his former student Mary Gibby at the BM. Under 
Stanley walker's tuition Hugh quickly learned to detect the exact stage when 
developing spores could be stained to show their chromosomes to allow both counting 
ana, ,„ the case of hybrids, their grouping behaviour ('pairs' or 'singles') that allows 
the earlT l ° ^T** ^ P,ant ' S lineage " Much of this 'laboratory' work was done in 
showin/the ?! m0rnmg 3nd Hugh was t0,d that chromosomes would not be 

8 required behaviour in the dark. He was quite unconcerned, however, with 

practical course. He stood the plant in front of electric lamps for a time before collecting 
the required material. 

He was a kind and generous person, and was always willing to assist anyone who needed 
help or who showed an interest in ferns. One such person was a young student from Radley 
College, Christopher Fraser- Jenkins, who struck up a long-lasting friendship with Hugh and 
with his encouragement went on to study ferns, especially Dryopteris, on a worldwide 
basis. On finding a species of Dryopteris new to science in N. Spain, Fraser-Jenkins named 
it D. corleyi in honour of Hugh. 

One problem that they solved between them concerned the (tetraploid) common male 
fern (D. filix-mas). Professor Manton's studies had shown that this species had been 
formed from the hybrid of two (diploid) ancestral species, one of which (D. arcades) she 
collected in the English Lake District. The other had been searched for but was hitherto 
unknown. Hugh, from his intimate knowledge of the species morphology, drew up an 
'identikit' of the plant they needed to find and encouraged Fraser-Jenkins to search for it 
on his travels. The latter eventually found it by chance, first in NE Turkey and then in 
the Caucasus. The resulting research was published as a joint paper in the Fern Gazelle 
after they found that it had been named in Russia in the early 19th Century but had been 
long overlooked. 

In the seventies Hugh Corley trained as a chiropractor, being one of the first pupils of the 
late John McTimoney. He was not just content to leant to be a chiropractor; he built on 
McTimoney's ideas, and founded the Oxford College of Chiropractic. His claim that many 
common illnesses were the result of skeletal maladjustments was often shown to be true. 
When Hugh discovered that I suffered from sciatic pains he insisted on checking my 
vertebral column whenever we met, whether at home, at Pucketty, in the Museum 
herbarium, or in the field. 

Over the 50 years that I have known Hugh and his wife Betty, 1 have been privileged to 
have been accepted into his family circle. I have been grateful for his mental stimulation 
both in the field and during those late-night discussions, Hugh pointing out, albeit gently, 
when and where my reasoning was flawed. Betty passed away seven months before him but 
he leaves eight children, 16 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. He will be sadly 
missed by them and all who came into his ambit. 

Clive Jermy 


Betty Allen, a shy and self-deprecating person who had quietly contributed significantly to 
the science of botany in both Asia and Europe, died on 1 1th October in south Spain at the 
a ge of eighty-eight. She was a BPS member for 25 years, first joining in 1957. 
Betty Eleanor Gosset Molesworth was born on 21st July 1913, in Opotiki, New Zealand, 
her father, Ernest, having emigrated there during the 1890s to make a life as a sheep 
fanner. When Betty was 14 she contracted tuberculosis, often a killer in those days, and 
spent two years in confinement in a sanatorium. During this time she spent much time 
reading books about the natural world, whetting her appetite for a life-long interest in 

She then found a part-time job at Auckland Museum mounting plants specimens (in fact. 
Banks and Solander collections made on Captain Cook's voyages of discovery to New 
Zealand and Australia in the 1770s). It was here that she developed an ambition to read 
natural sciences at Cambridge University, but intermittent illness prevented her from 

pursuing it. She did, however, eventually move to Dunedin where she read botany under 
Prof. J. Holloway. Holloway's speciality was ferns, and it was he who first worked out the 
life cycle of Psilotum nudum, a fact that made Betty aware of the plant wherever she 
subsequently travelled. 

Force, but knew that her health would 
prevent her from being accepted. 
However, she got a job dri\ing Ionic*. 
in New Zealand. After the war she 
returned to Auckland Museum, as their 
Botanist. On the strength of her 
knowledge of the Pacific flora, Betty 
was offered a bursary to work for two 
years at Basle University, to be 
followed by fieldwork on the island of 
New Caledonia. Realising that she was 
inexperienced in tropical plants, she 
planned three months in Malaya to 
familiarise herself with them. She 
arrived there in 1947 and stayed with 
her cousin David Molesworth, a 
pioneer doctor. Within the year she had 
met and married an ex-RAF officer, 
Geoffrey Allen. He was to become a 
merchant with Jardine Matheson and 
already had a wide experience of India 
and the Far East. His strong interest in 
birds and insects complemented Betty's 
love of plants. Betty sent her apologies 
to Basle, and went with Geoffrey to 
collect plants in Thailand and Borneo, 
t up with R.E. Holttum, Director of Singapore Botanic Garden, who was then 
completing a definitive account of the Ferns of Malaya, and Betty took the chance of 
narrowing her studies and decided to concentrate on these plants. She had an excellent 
I eye for detail, an aspect that was appreciated by Holttum and he 

in Auckland (AK), Kepong (KEP), Kew (K), NHM, London (BM), 
Smithsonian (US) and Stockholm (S). 

Betty and Geoffrey shared nearly forty years of happy marriage, most of it based in 
Malaysia where they travelled much. In 1963 they retired to Los Barios, S. Spain, 
where Betty took up the study of the Spanish vascular flora with enthusiasm, sending 
many specimens to Prof. T. Tutin at Leicester University. Tutin and his colleagues were 
at that time working on a major project, Flora Europaea, and Spain at that time was 
under-collected. Betty made many new discoveries and several records of ferns that 
were either new sites or confirmation of records over 50 years old: Culcita macrocarpa, 
Ptens incompleta, Thelypteris palustris and Trichomanes speciosum. Within two years 
or being ,n Spam she spotted Psilotum nudum high on a cliff whilst exploring a 
sandstone gorge near Los Barrios. It was the most northerly record of a that she 

had seen in many sites in SE Asia and that had not been found north of the Sahara at 
this longitude. 

Betty was soon sought out by Spanish botanists, who were now on the increase. She 
contributed to the Flora Vascular de Andalucia Occidental and wrote many articles in local 
magazines. Her last book, A Selection of Flowers of Andalucia, was published in 1993. In 
1 988 she was made an Honorary Daughter of Los Barrios, a rare distinction for a non- 
Spaniard, and in 1995 she was awarded the H.H. Bloomer Award by the Linnean Society of 
London. Three years later she received an OBE. 

She remained in contact with Eric Holttum, whom she regarded as her mentor, until his 
death and attended the Holttum Memorial Pteridophyte Symposium at Kew in 1995, 
meeting up with old friends. She was kind and helpful to any botanist who arrived in Los 
Barrios and, once she had assessed their motives as genuine, enjoyed showing them her 
sites of ferns, walking many miles even when in her eighties. She was a conservationist to 
the end and could not tolerate any kind of wanton collection of specimens. She was 
respected and loved by all who met her. Her papers and library are being reorganised and 
will eventually be available to scholars through Martin Jacoby, to whom I am grateful for 
much of the information given above. 

Clive Jermy 


Although never active in the management of our Society, John Bond was one of the most 
influential fern growers over the last 25 years. He was for many years a member of the 
council of the Royal Horticultural Society, a position he used to keep abreast of all aspects 
of gardening including promoting fern growing. As a frequent exhibitor at RHS flower 
shows over the last ten years I was always delighted to see John on the list of judges. He 
was certainly no pushover but he knew his plants, including ferns of course, and I always 
knew I would get a fair assessment; his friendly advice and comments on my display were 
always immensely helpful. 

He joined our Society in 1977, and as head of the garden staff at the Savill Garden in 
Windsor Great Park he built up the National Collection of ferns in the gardens. Unlike most 
National Collections, his was a general collection covering all genera of hardy ferns, plus a 
few not so hardy in the greenhouse. He had a collection of 286 taxa including many unusual 
f ems collected by Christopher Fraser- Jenkins. John was an incredible plantsman. At Savill 
he established other National Collections - conifers (2,822 taxa), Ilex (353), Magnolia (78), 
Pemettya (40), Pieris (102) and some Rhododendron (813). In addition to all these he had 
superb collections of many other groups. 

n 1991 I asked if the BPS centenary tour could visit the Savill Garden; we were 
welcomed warmly on the day despite the fact that we were running well over an hour 
•ate. I was very embarrassed but he made nothing of it. He gave us a wonderful tour. 
More recently John was asked to write the Plantfinder 's Guide to Garden Ferns for 
David and Charles; he agreed but soon after signing all the agreements his wife fell ill 
and sadly died. At the same time John was also unwell and not up to writing the book. I 
am not sure, but I believe he suggested David and Charles invite me to take on the 
w °rk. This I did and the rest is history, although prior to publication John did say how 
P eased he was that I was writing the book. On the face of it he recovered from this 
1 mess but I never saw him looking well again. He was a gentleman who will be greatly 


The death on June 1st of John Mashiter 
ended one of the longest running family 
memberships of this Society. John, who first 
joined c.1960 and had followed his father as 

banking inevitably saw him having to mov 

to centres of population. Highly intelligent 

he became both a qualified banker and ; 

qualified chartered secretary and he was alsi 

a linguist, speaking seven Europeai 

languages. Not surprisingly, he was destinei 

for a successful career but after spells ii 

Manchester and Liverpool he declin 

move to London and happily became 

Manager of a bank in Skipton (in the 

Yorkshire Dales and not too far from the 

Lake District) and he held this position for John Whiter 

21 years until his retirement in 1969. 

Prior to retirement, he had stumbled across a building plot at Arnside, Cumbria on which he 

had his retirement home built, albeit always secondary to his garden' Situated in a valley, 

John devoted his entire retirement to creating a splendid garden at his home of which the 

main feature was a hillside, which he excavated by hand back to rock-face and where he 

created a renowned garden of ferns and alpines. 

His interest in ferns and alpines went back to early days when John, along with his father, 

travelled extensively in Europe long before the days of package holidays, their mode of 

transport being train and bike. On these trips, father and son admired flora and fauna in 

alpine meadows and mountains, and these holidays provided his inspiration. 

A modest man, he created his gardens for the pleasure of propagation and achievement 

rather than for public show. He delighted in showing members of the Society around his 

garden and main members will recall the wonderful afternoon spent at his garden during 


Peter joined the Society in 1969 and occasionally attended meetings in the Devon ai 
Cornwall area. Sadly I only met him a few times way back in the early 1970s, although v 

2 corresponded a 

in the field; he used to work in marine biology. His greatest claim to pteridological fame 
was his discovery of a true wild Asplcuum scolnpcnlnum ('..spurn' twenty or more years 
ago. Apart from another fine Crispum' found in Cheddar Gorge by Christopher Potts in 
, know of no other wild finds of this cultivar from the last 50 years at least. Even that 
great hunter J.mmy Dyce often lamented that he never found one - for the record neither 
navel. Sadly I never saw Peter's plant; hopefully the new custodians of his garden can find 
it and preserve it. 

Martin Rickard 

DH JAMES C. PARRS 1942 - 2002 

Those who met Jim Parks al aver the last ten years will be sorry to hear 

that he died suddenly just before Christmas. He had undergone a quintuple by-pass and other 
vascular surgery in May 2002 but recovery and the prospects for the future had been good. 
\t \lillers\ille I ni\ersn\ ing duties over 34 years covered a wide 

range of subjects in Higher and Lower Plant Biology, Systematics and Evolution. He 
participated in a variety of local and State activities concerned with recording, publicising 
and conserving the Pennsylvania flora, and (with Jim Montgomery) was preparing a 
taxonomic treatment of pteridophytes for the Flora of I\-mis\ hania project. 
His interest in pteridophytes developed during a field course led by Don Farrar at the 
University of Virginia's Mountain Lake Biological Station in 1978. In 1981 he began 
working with Don on independent fern gametophytes in north-east USA. In 1983 they 
published, with Bruce McAlpin, the first report of Vittaria and Trichomanes, as 
gametophytes, in Pennsylvania, where sporophytes of these genera had not at that time been 
found, and later Jim published the results of an intensive survey of the distribution of 
independent gametophytes in Pennsylvania. 

In the meantime, Jim had worked with Charlie Werth on an investigation, using allo/\mc 
analysis, of population structure in a stand oi Ptt • dh m aqi u m in \ iigffiia, reporting the 

his wife Vicki, came to the UK to work with Stuart Lindsay and me at the Royal Botanic 
Garden Edinburgh. Over a period of several months he conducted a comparative study of 
allozymes and frond and spore morphologx in ( v^topteri^ Jickieana from the type loca!it> 
and in other representatives of the C. fragilis complex, fins work yielded no support for 
treating C. dickieana as a separate species. The following year Jim came again to I dinhurgh 
to participate in the BPS meeting on 'Ecology and Conservation of Scotland's Rare Ferns 
where he spoke about his work on Cvstopteris. More recenth. he participated m the BPS 
International Symposium 'Fern Flora Worldwide - threats and responses-, presenting a 
paper he had prepared with S. Grund on 'Aspects of c 
at-risk pteridophyte conservation in the USA'. At 
with Jim Montgomery on a Field Guide to the Fi 
his extensive field experience. He was due to rel 
was looking forward to continuing his fern intert 
families of his two daughters, Heather and Holly. 
Many Millersville s 

knowledge of the distrw 
Pennsylvania (not only the ferns). I will miss a gooc 
apposite quotations, wry sense of humour and thought 
world in general, provided stimulation, information an 


We were also sorry to learn of the death of the following members: 

Mr J.K. McCormick of Co. Down, who joined the Society in 2001. 

Mr Rudolf Schweizer of Switzerland, who joined the Society in 1 985. 

Mr Peter Hindle of Penwortham, Preston, who joined the Society m 
stalwart of the North-West Group and recently became joint Grou, 
rnnHr,iAnr M fr, hi* wife loan who is also a member. 



Heights, E 

Mrs I.G., Greystones, Ley Lane, C " 

Askham Bryan College, Ann Mrs L) rm ( ira j ' >23 3FR 

Baggott, Mr M.A. & Mrs L.C., The Nutshell, Canon Frome, Nr. Ledbury, Herefordshire HR8 2TB 

Ball, Mr P.G., 33 C i- h. West Lanes. WN8 7LY 

Bambrough,MrN.J.. I" 

Barker, Dr J.H.A., IACR - Long Ashton Research Station, Long Ashton, Bristol BS41 9AF 

Barker, Mr M.S., Department of Botany, Miami University, Oxford OH 45056, USA 

Bass. Mr L. 2 Pascali Place, Banbury, Oxon 0X16 7FG 

Beaton, Mr W.M.Y., 105 Henderson Row, Edinburgh EH3 5BB, Scotland 

Beet) . Mr E :.. 28 Barton Terrace, Leeds LSI 1 8TP 

Betts.DrT.C, 30520 S -5. USA 

Bishop, Mr M., St Michael's Lodge, Hinton Admiral, Christchurch, Dorset BH23 7DY 

Brown. Mr B.N.. 4 Ba ik Pa de. < »tl, West Yorks. LS21 3DY 

Budd. Mr J. R.. 31 Walsall Road. Little Aston. Sutton ( ..Idfield, West Midlands B74 3BA 

Burrow. Miss H L. Room l ). Burwood House. M.imu- R. > I uekn umill. Camborne, 

Cornwall TR14 8QP 
Butler. Mr N.J.. 4 Higher 1 [ollicombe Cottages, 1 I I iquay, Devon TQ32DS 

Byfield, Mr A.J , ton, Hants. SO40 9HW 

uenue. Layton, Blackpool, Lanes. FY3 8JZ 
Cass, Mr N., Orel Suffolk IP23 7QB 

Cogan,MrB.H.,Oakside. I he St,eet. ( aitleld. \o,lolk NR29 5AZ 
Collecott,MissB.,R ■ .a GU23 6QB 

Cook, Mrs N.A.. 1 1367 Fastside Koad. I | ; ,mefs\ die. ( >hio 4513d. USA 
Corcoran, Ms C.R.L. & P 

SA15 2PE. Wales 
Crow,MrG., 155 Gilbert Road. Smcllmick. Wcsi Midlands B66 4PY 

! ■< ..I.. Flat 2. 41 Palace Court. I mulm, W2 4LS nD7 1P <. 

Drury, Miss G.E. & Mr A.R. Gray, 4 Peterson Court, Euxton Lane. Chorley, Lanes. PR7 1^ 
Dunham, Ms S.J., AEN Division, IACR - Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts. AL5 2JQ 
Fletcher. Mrs A.. Hunson House. Mdwark. Mne. York. North V.,rks. Y061 1UB 
P.. 7 Roxburgh Croft, Leamington Spa, Warwieks. CV32 7HT 
• id. Belgium 
Green, Mr P.R., Coombegate Cottage, St Ive Cross, Liskeard, Cornwall PL 14 3LZ 
Hams Mr R.C., 2 Creynolds Close, Cheswick Green, Solihull. West Midlands B90 4LW 
Harrold,MrS.C.P., Fair Oak, North I imworth, Hants. PO10 8SP 

Hawkins Mr J ap. S-24562, Sweden 

Heywood,MrM.&Mrs\ PM ■ n on Dove, Burton on Trent, 

Staffs. DE 1 3 9AA 

Laue.DrB.E., 13311 ,mNG8 1FL Q 

Longstaffe-Gowan, Dr R.T., Malplaquet House. 137-139 Mile End Road. London E 4AY 
L° Ug u h \ M w EF - & Mrs R - L - 12 Westfield Rise, Saltdean, Brighton, East Sussex BN2 8HK 
*E? ',. l^ A ' 41 Ba bbacombe Gardens, llford, Essex IG4 5LZ 
., - ■ --477, USA 

u ;;?{; ™? ' b b etson A ve., Downey, CA 90242-5050, USA , and 

Manwell,MrA.W.,24Craigendar; | enshire \B35 5ZB, Scotian 



Merrirt M g ' S! ' : \B2MI I Scotland 

mSKj L S UufcTh ] | ) l,l " uh :" ( '" ! "« u ; l4: \ |) . )Ildon W42RA 

V; - : -- ' - i ' ^ ; ■'. -■ ^-'• i - 

SSI ^ « ^tSi I TX £ > »o '^ Card,ff 
Mot Mr A " L sS :h00, ° f H ° rticulture - R ^' Botan-c Gardens. Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW93 
' ' A - Schw ansenstr. 2, Hamburg, D-22049, Germany 

Munro, MrN.F., 6 Pitmaston Court, Goodby Road, Moseley. Birmingham B13 8RJ 
Muse, Mr A.P., 26 Di ihropshi re S Y 1 2 9QA 

Myhrvold, Dr N.P., 1422 130th Ave NE, Bellevue, WA 98005, USA 

" R.,25Stukek ^aiding, Lines. PE12 7LQ 

hwood, Mr G.. 2 1 1 Sh opshirc I \? (W. 

en, Mr W.R.F., 20 . Wolverhampton, West Midlar 

,FernePaik. Berv. cl- Si I, hn S alicshun Dorset SP7 OEU 

j n Hay, ! 
Pasek. Mr S.R. & Ms l) \1 i >\c Avenue, Chilvvell, Beeston, 

Nottingham NG9 4DQ 
Pohl, Mr H.G., Place de Baileux, 33, 6464, Belgium 
Polkev Prof. C.L.. 121 Court Lane. DuKvich, London SE21 7EE 
Ponder, Mr L.J., 71 Station Road. North Walsham, Norfolk NR28 OBW 
Powell. Dr G., Adonis Studios. 2 — ■ Hiblin, Ireland 

Quinn,MrN.A.. l >3 

Rajan, Dr J.A., 1 1 Wendover Close, St Albans, Herts. AL4 9JW 
Robinson, Mr k.s . Ivy Cotl i 1P31 1QY 

Rogers, Cllr K„ S I) - WR9 7QA 

Ross. Mr I.W., 37 Saint Magdalenes Road, Perth PH2 OBT, Scotland 
Sanders, Mr J.. Civ 

Schwartz. Mr D.K., 9715 Chirtsey Way, Bak 2-5617, USA 

Searle, Mr C, 105 B " ester M21 ORG 

Sharp, MrG ast Yorks. HU3 6BZ 

Smethurst. Mr B. & Mrs S.E., 1 17 Newington Drive, Bury, Lanes. BL8 2EG 
Super Channel Lnterpnse Corp.. c o Museum v-lNatural Science, P.O.Box 43-478. Taipei. 1 1( 
Thomas, Mr S., Hen Ardd, Carreg y Garth. K Ul LL57 4HD. W; 

Tindley. Mr P.B., 15 Beacon Way, Littlehampton. West Sussex BN17 6QS 
Torres, Mr S.M.. S ' k. North Yorks. Y026 8JA 

rucker.MreSJ 1 \5 1QE 

Warren, Mr D.R., 18 Birch Tree Avenue, West Wickham. Kent BR4 9EJ 
Watkins, Jr. Mr J.E., 1018NW 10th Ave, I 601, USA 

W lute. Mrs A.L.. 59 Whitebndges. Honiton, Devon EX14 2RZ 
N ilding, Miss F.. RHS Garden, Rosemoor. I EX38 8PH 

Wilks, Mr D.S.. Winnstan, 3A Heol Maes. Yr-Haf, Pencoed, Mid Glamorgan CF35 5QJ, > 
W ilmott. Mr ().. 22 Lone Walk, New Maiden. Surrey KT3 3EJ 
Yansura, Mr D., 330 Carmel Avenue, Pacifica, California 94044, USA 


Ashcroft, Dr C, 53 Keppel Road, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester M2 1 0BP 


BK >SIS. source I on In. Lao t ommeree Squaa 2i U Market Street, Suite 700, Philadelp 
Pennsylvania 19103-7095, USA 
■ ■ V 
Britton. DrD.M., 81 James St W., Guelph. Oi R1 . 

Brown. MrS.. 1 II 


Dickinson. Mr T \L. 3 Prospect" Road. W. " ' J' - !!!, 

Earnshaw, Dr M.. 2 Kings Terrace. Brough , \ , c 

Gias, Mr M., 77 Howard Street, Apt. 2202. I ''"' ul ; ,. sBH 

C -rax . Mr P.J.. 73 Kenilworth Road, Mont ' m0 L ' 

Kelly, Mr G.J.. 12 V " a ' lrc 

Laws, DrH.. PO B fjj--. ,<-, 

Lellinger. Dr D.B., 326 West St N.W.. Vienna. \ A - sin - 41 r - im h r idce Missichus t 

Lindsay. Dr S., Harvard L nr - wcniv^am &*, 

MA 02138-2094, USA R „ M sYX Seotlar 

vr.DrJ.W., The Farm, Attav 
M.lbourn, Mr PL r ikhurn Road Higher Wheel 

Mul i„. Mrs F.M M.dtk d Cottage, Lower Simpson Fold. Blackburn Koaa. nig 

Mu^SLlirB^GS^. Steep, Morden Herts. SG8 0PN 


Meetings Secretary: P.J. Acock 

Meetings Subcommittee: R.G. Ackers, N.J. Hards, J.M. Ide, A. Leonard, P.H. Ripley 

Sat. 24 - Sat. 3 1 May Week Field Meeting - South-West Ireland 

Leaders: Stephen & Karen Munyard 
Sat. 2 1 - Sun. 22 June Weekend Field Meeting - Machynlleth, Mid Wales 

Leaders: Barry Thomas & Pat Acock 

Tues. 1 5 - Fri. 25 July Overseas Field Meeting & Garden Excursion - Seattle, 

Washington State, USA 

Leader: Sue Olsen 

Thurs. 2 1 - Sat. 23 Aug. Southport Flower Show: BPS Stand 

Further Info.: Matt Busby 
Fri. 22 - Sat. 23 Aug. Meeting to coincide with Southport Flower Show 

Leader: Pat Acock 

e, North Devon 

Regional Meetings 

For details of additional meetings in the following areas, please contact the regional 

organisers, enclosing a stamped addressed envelope. 

Leeds & District B. Wright, 1 30 Prince Rupert Drive, Tockwith, York Y026 7PU 

South-East England P.H. Ripley, North Lodge, Dene Park Gardens, Shipbourne Road, 

Tonbridge, Kent TNI 1 9NS; e-mail: 
East Anglia B.R. Stevenson, Willow Cottage, Cowlinge, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9QB 

North-West England Mrs F. Haigh, 56 Church Street, Milnthorpe, Cumbria LA7 7DZ 

Cornwall i.j. Bennallick, Lower Polmorla St, Wcnn, Bodmin, Cornwall PL30 5PE 

Scotland Dr H.S. McHaffie, 180 Granton Road, Edinburgh EH5 1 AH 



'ing five taxa were not included on the spore list: 


1066 Pl at 


Silverdale, Lancashire LA5 OTY 

Stock a very comprehensive collection of 


Catalogue on request 


! Road, Pebworth, nr Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire CV37 8XT 

Hardy and tender ferns 
nias, Gloxinias, Hederas, Hydrangeas, Primroses, Arum Lilies 
and plants for the cool greenhouse 
Catalogue on request 


Hardy and half hardy ferns 
Carreg y Fedwen, Sling, Tregarth, nr Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 4RP 

Please send stamped addressed envelope for list 


Specialising in North American and British hardy ferns 

Judith Jones 
1911 4th Avenue West, Seattle, Washington 98119, USA 

Send two International Reply Coupons for catalogue 


R.N. Timm 

The Fern Nursery, Grimsby Road, Binbrook, Lincolnshire LN3 6DH 

Please send stamped addressed envelope for list 


Specialist Fern Grower 
A wide range of hardy and greenhouse ferns, especially Adiantums 
Culag, Green Lane, Nafferton, nr Driffield, East Yorkshire Y025 OLF 

Send £1 for catalogue 


Oakington Road, (Tottenham, Cambridge CB4 4TW 

Hardy British and foreign ferns 

(together with 

• herbaceous and woody plan 

Please send six first class stamps for catalogue