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Full text of "Bulletin / British Pteridological Society.Bulletin /British Pteridological Society."

THE BRITISH PTERIDOLOGICAL SOCIETY 

Registered Charity No. 1092399 

Patron: HRH The Prince of Wales 

Officers and Committee from March 2005 

President- Dr A.F. Dyer, 499 Lanark Road West, Balerno, Edinburgh EH 14 7AL 

E-mail: President@eBPS.org.uk 

I -ice-Presidents: MH - Rickard, Prof. B.A. Thomas 

// m n >• i ( n neral Secretary: Miss J.M. Ide, 42 Crown Woods Way, Eltham, London SE9 2NN 

Tel/Fax: 020 8850 3218; E-mail: Secretary@eBPS.org.uk 

Treasurer- A. Leonard, 1 1 Victory Road, Portsmouth, Hants. POl 3DR 

Tel.: 02392 752740; E-mail: Treasurer@eBPS.org.uk 

Membership Secretary: M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, Cumbria CA7 9LG 

Tel.: 016973 43086; E-mail: Membership@eBPS.org.uk 

Meetings Secretary: P.J- Acock, 13 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, Kent BR5 3LJ 

E-mail: Meetings@eBPS.org.uk 

Conservation Officer: Dr H.S. McHaffie, 1 80 Granton Road, Edinburgh EH5 1 AH 

E-mail: Conservation@eBPS.org.uk 

Conservation Officer.Dr FJ. Rumsev, Dept. of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, 

& Recorder London SW7 5BD; E-mail: Conservation@eBPS.org.uk/Recordew/ eBPS.arg.uk 

Editor of the Bulletin: Miss A.M. Paul, Dept. of Botany, The Natural History Museum, 

Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD; E-mail: Bulletin@eBPS.org.uk 

Editor of The Fern Gazette: Dr M. Gibby, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20A Inverleith Row, 

Edinburgh EH3 5LR; E-mail: FernGazette@eBPS.org.uk 

Editor ofPteridologist: Dr J.W. Merryweather, 'The Whins', Auchtertyre, by Kyle of Lochalsh, 

Wester Ross IV40 8EG; F-mail: Pteridologist@eBPS.org.uk 

Editor ofBPS WWW Site - www.eBPS.org.uk: A.C. Pigott, Kersey's Farm, Mendlesham, 

Stowmarket, Suffolk IP 14 5RB; E-mail: Webmaster@eBPS.org.uk 

Elected Committee Members: R.G. Ackers, A.R. Busby, Dr Y.C. Golding, 

Dr M. Hayward, F. McGavigan, B.D. Smith 

Booksales Organiser: S.J. Munyard, 234 Harold Road, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 5NG 

E-mail: Booksales@eBPS.org.uk 

Horticultural Information Officer A.R. Busby, 16 Kirby Comer Road, Canley, Coventry CV4 8GD 

Merchandise Organisers: Mr B.D. & Mrs G. Smith. Rookwood, 1 Prospect Road, Oulton Broad 

Lowestoft, Suffolk NR32 3PT; E-mail: Merchandise@eBPS.org.uk 

Plant Exchange Organiser: R.G. Ackers, Deersbrook, Horsham Road, Walliswood, Surrey 

RH5 5RL; E-mail: PlantExchange@eBPS.org.uk 

Spore Exchange Organisers: Mr B. & Mrs A. Wright, 130 Prince Rupert Dm o, rockw ith. 

York Y026 7PU; E-mail: Spores « 

of Greenfield & Centenary Funds: Dr A.F. Dyer, Miss J.M. Ide, A. Leonard 




Back numbers of The Fern Gazt i ,■ are available for purchase from 

P.J. Acock, 1 3 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, Kent B I ners@eBPS.org.uk 



MISSOURI BOTANICAL 
THE MAR 2 7 2006 

BULLETIN GARDEN LIBRARY 

OF THE 

BRITISH PTERIDOLOGICAL SOCIETY 
Vol. 6 2005 No. 4 

NATIONAL FIELD MEETINGS 

CATALUNA, NORTH-EAST SPAIN - 11-13 March 

Jurgie Schedler (Friday & Saturday) & Keith Gooderham (Sunday) 

What an occasion for our BPS. a held trip to Minin Spam, or more preeiseK to Cataluna. 
Seven members assembled on the Friday night in Cadaques. a small coastal town nestling 
among hills and only accessible via a windy road or by sea. One could understand why 

We decided to skip breakfast the following day, as we had to cover long distances to our 
chosen fern sites. We left Cadaques at 7a.m. The sun was just rising over the sea. the sky 
was clear and the temperature was minus two degrees. In just over an hour we reached our 
first destination, the medieval town of Sant Llorenc de la Muga, lying in the foothills of the 
Pyrenees. We ferned along the ancient walls and found Asplenium ceterach and 
Polypodium caml trichomanes 

subsp. quadrivalens and two A. scolopendrium; the only sighting of this common English 
fern was in the derelict town centre millrace. We crossed the river Muga via the small steel 
bridge and found large patches of Polypodium cambricum, but the fronds had been badly 
affected by frost. Only later did we find out that Cataluna had been hit by unseasonably 
cold weather with hardly any rain. 

At 9a.m. sharp, life returned to Sant Llorenc de la Muga and we were able to grab some 
breakfast. Our next stop was only a short drive further into the foothills above Panta de 
Boadella for the most arduous section of our trip. Our constant struggle with the native flora 
of brambles, rosemary, lavender and dense shrubs combined with climbing along and over 
rock-faces made progress slow. We found a few isolated Cheilanthes tinaei, Asplenium 
onopteris, A. (rich ■ >■' • "' ; ' "'" lanos 1 he latter were in 

poor condition due to the dry spell. In a shadier spot, two absolutely splendid Asplenium 
septentrionale were found, one of them exceptionally large and multi-crowned. 
At midday we scrambled back to our cars, the cold long-forgotten as we were now being 
baked by the sun. A further one-and-a-half-hour drive took us further into the interior 
towards the Andorran border. Lunch was taken at Gombren in a typical Catalan restaurant 
with outstanding food. A scenic serpentine road then led us high up the mountain to the 
Monastery at Montgrony for our afternoon ferning. We were rewarded with outstanding 
views of the snow-capped Pyrenees and the green valleys below. To our disappointment we 
found Asplenium seelosii in a rather sorry and lifeless state in this sun-baked site. We can only 
hope that the plants will recover and regain their beauty as seen by Andrew the previous year. 
The contradiction to this site was 50 yards down the road in the deep shade of the mountain, 
where we found snow still lying on the ground and a mountain stream still frozen solid in a 
gorge. We found many plants of Asplenium fontanum affected by the cold and frost. Seven 




Cataluna, Spain 

Ann Stark, Pat Acock, Jurgie Schedler, David & Avril Walkinshaw, 
Keith Gooderham, Andrew Leonard 

Below the walls of the Monastery we followed a footpath and found Adiantum capillus- 
veneris growing in small hollows and caves in the rock-face but here as well it sadly did not 
look at its best. Further along the path we found Asplenium fontanum amongst small trees 
and shrubbery, to our relief, in good condition. After light refreshment at the Monastery 
restaurant, we left the site for our journey back to Cadaques. 

By nine o'clock on Sunday the party was assembled and ready for the road. No long trips 
today, with our first stop being in one of the steep valleys just behind the town. At one time, 
every valley and hillside around Cadaques had been intensively farmed and countless 
terraces constructed on the impossibly steep, arid hillsides in order to bring every piece of 
ground into production. But now all of the terraces have long since been abandoned and are 
being rapidly reclaimed by nature, with a dense scrub of lavender, rosemary and Cistus 
together with the occasional olive tree and prickly pear cactus. Despite the dryness, ferns 
were still to be found, with Polypodium cambricum predominant and looking remarkably 
fresh and verdant compared to the frosted ones that we had seen the day before. However, 
there were other rarer and more interesting ferns to be found on the terrace walls and at the 
base of some of the rock-faces in the steeper parts of the valley. Unlike the Polypodium 
these were obvious xerophytes with hairy inward-curled leaves and included Cosentinia 
vellea, Chedanthes maderensis and C tuiaa. Ironically, tor all our clambering up and down 
the terraces of the steep valley side, the I 
drainage channel that ran through an ol 
adjacent to the track where we had parked the c 
Our second site was in a smi 
Again, Polypodium cambric 

'alley sides and floor we found the c 
and large plants of / 

ort Lligat for the compulsory t 




From Port Lligat we continued on to Cap de Creus. an arid rocky headland and Spain's 
most easterly point. After an excellent lunch, we set off a little way down the road back 
towards Port Lligat before stopping at our third and final site. Hie vegetation here was even 
denser than at the last two sites, with a thick scrub of juniper dominating. However, in a 
small valley ferns were again to be found, including Asphnium <>h<naium subsp. obovatum. 
Later, A. obovatum sub>p. Umccolutitm was found, along with A. m/iiiiiriini-ni^niin. Perhaps 
the best find for the site was an earthstar disco\ ered by Avril Walkinshaw . Toward* the end 
of the visit, the Scottish contingent decided to explore further along the coast towards 
Cadaques while the remainder of the party continued to explore the site. However, it was 
not too long before the whole group was reunited at a bar on the sea front at Cadaques for a 
wanning drink. Dinner that evening was once more at our favourite restaurant, with an 
opportunity to relive our experiences and discoveries from the prc\ ious two days as well as 
other past ferni 



Pteridophytes of Cataluna, March 2005 






Site 


1 




3 


4 


5 


6 


Adiantum capillus-veneris 


• 




• 








leptophylla 










V 


• 


mtum-nigrum 












V 


A. ceterach 


V 


/ 










A. fontanum 






* 








A. obovatum subsp. lanceolatum 








V 


V 


V 


A. obovatum subsp. obovatum 












V 


A. onopteris 




V 




/ 


V 


V 


A. ruta-muraria 






• 








A. scolopendrium 


• 












A. seelosii 






• 








A. septentrionale 




• 










A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens 


• 


• 


• 








Cheilanthes maderensis 








V 






C. tinaei 




V 




V 






Cosentinia vellea 








V 






Equisetum ramosissimum 


V 












Pellaea calomelanos 




• 










imbncum 


v 


V 


V 


V 


V 


/ 


Pteridium aquilinum 




/ 










Selaginella denticulata 










S 






Site 1 Sant Llorenc de la Muga 


42° 19' 20" N, 2° 47 19" E 


Site 2 Above Panta de Boadella 


42° 19. 29" N. 2° 48' 01" E 


Site 3 Monastery Montgrony 


42° 16' 01" N, 2° 05' 00" E 


Site 4 Above Cadaques 


42° 17 42" N. 3° 16 , 24"E 


Site 5 NE of Cadaques 


42° 17 56" N, 3° 17 02" E 


Site 6 Cap de Creus 


42= 19' 02" N. 3° 17 41" E 



PEMBROKESHIRE - 4-5 June Bruce Brown (Saturday) & Jonathan Crowe (Sunday) 

f Pembrokeshire at a good variety of 
e by Pat Acock and Martin Rickard, due to Barry Thomas's 
heavy work commitments. The high hedgebanks lining the lanes and tracks were characteristic of 
the county and were everywhere luxuriantly bedecked with flowers and ferns. As I walked into 
town, I admired lots of Asplenium scolopendrium, Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris filix-mas, 
D. affinis subsp. borreri, D. dilatata, Polystichum setiferum, Polypodium interjectum, P. vulgare 
m aquilinum. Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens was prolific on mortared 
walls. These ferns were to be virtually constant companions at all the sites we subsequently visited. 
We started on a slightly cloudy but fine morning at Cwm-yr-Eglwys (22/014400) t 
Dinas Head on the north coast. There was a possible site for Asplenium c 
lanceolatum in the area but it remained hidden to us. However, A. , 
present on the cemetery wall. Some small Osmunda regalis \ 
path, one in a wet flush with Blechnum spicant, and then a larger colony could be seen through 
binoculars fringing the high sea cliffs, but definitely beyond reach. Pat and Martin climbed the 
steep brambly hillside above the path looking for Dryopteris aemula. Martin noticed the first 
specimen, then Pat quickly came upon a fine area graced with around 100 plants (22/014409). 
After a coffee break, our second stop was the well-wooded Cwm Gwaun, a long steep-sided 
valley running eastwards from Fishguard. We parked at Llanychaer (12/990351) and 
entered the woods by the riverside. Interesting Dryopteris affinis types abounded here, 
including subspp. affinis, borreri and cambrensis (12/993352), a possible 'insolent type 
and some Dryopteris x complexa hybrids. Our first Oreopteris limbosperma was also 
spotted. Further, on at a damp rocky bluff by the river (12/995352), some fine hanging 
colonies of Hymenophyllum tunbrigense were much admired and photographed. 
Lunch was taken at the Rosebush Inn (22/075294), sitting outside in the garden as the day was 
now very pleasant. The nearby disused slate quarries provide the only Pembrokeshire record 
for Cryptogramma crispa. After some diligent searching amongst the deep holes and levels 
gouged out of the steep hillside we eventually found it, restricted to a localised area of exposed 
slate scree (22/079303). 

Martin had a site for Dryopteris aemula on a roadside bank at a small hamlet called Cuffern. 
After checking out most of the ferns already mentioned plus some Polypodium x mantoniae, it 
was duly spotted by Martin at (12/893213), although it was very well camouflaged amongst 
the other vegetation and could easily be missed. Our final visit of the day was to Druidston 
near Broad Haven on the west coast (12/863170). Again Asplenium obovatum subsp. 
lanceolatum eluded us, but there were fine specimens of A. adiantum-nigrum amongst the 
usual roadside ferns, plus some Equisetum arvense. 

On Sunday morning nine of us met at Lawrenny Quay (22/012062) in a light rain that was to 
continue all day. The quay is situated on the southern edge of a small promontory that extends into 
the Uaugleddau River upstream from Milford Haven. We parked near the Quayside Teashop and 
entered woods through a small boatyard. A short distance into the wood our leaders gave cries of 
disbelief as we approached a pair of Dryopteri i , ffin \ n to demonstrate 

the subtle differences between subspecies affinis md borreri, however, the plants that had been 
earmarked two days earlier were now a sorry sight having been neatly stripped of nearly all their 
pnmae, presumably in some children's game! All was not lost, however, as there were plenty 
ot other specimens in the vicinity to illuminate us, if not in such coin cmcntk close proximity. 
Moving forward into the dappled shade provided by a 'hanging wood' of contorted wind-blown 
oaKs we noted many epiphytic polypodiums. One tree catching our eves was supporting both 



epiphytic polypodia 

in profusion, and less commonly here, another had P. w 
the soil was evident in the ground cover of Calluna vulgaris, 



The acidic 

264 



ofBlechnum spicant. Drifts of dainty yellow c 
honeysuckle vines 

well as the Diyopteris, Blechnum and PolvpoJutm there were also the usual areas of PhruJium 
q nun md mdi\ idu pi tuts [ \, „ V -/ , /) ptcris filix-mus. D hi it a i md 

noticeably broad-fronded Asplcnium v< nlopcihlnum \s we moved imund the he id! ind from i 
southerly to a more westerly aspect the D. dilatata became less common and we found foe Brsl 
plants of Z). oew«/a that we had been seeking. This seemed to support the idea that l.uzula 
svhatica. Calluna vulgaris and honeysuckle can be indicators of a potential D. acmula site. 
Higher on the bank to our right there was an extensive colony of this greatly admired tern w ith 
fronds up to 40 centimetres in length (22/009068). After some photographic recording we 
retraced our route, spurred forward by the prospect of excellent mid-morning cakes and coffee. 
Suitably refreshed, we drove a few miles east to Cresswell Quay (22/050067). The focus of 
our attention here was the abundant Asplcnium , vtenn h grow ing in the old mortar of a stone 
wall adjacent to the road. Also on the wall were PohpoJium camhricum. P. intcrjccium. 
Asplcnium tridioinancs subsp. qinnlrivalcns and A. ruhi-mnniriu. Availing ourselves of the 
stepping stones and low tide we crossed to the north bank of the ( tessuell River, where a long 
stone wall and ruined buildings supported the previous ferns m even greater abundance. An 

borrcri. I), filix-mus. I). Jilahitu. Asplcnium v o/opcihlrinm and Phrhlimn uquilinum. 
Returning to the cars before the tide came in. w e mov ed on some miles to a small car park near 
Blackpool Mill (22/058142), where we were shown a likely example of the hybrid buckler tern 
Diyopteris x deweveri that had spread to an area of nearly two square metres. It was intermediate in 
. h were growing nearby. 

Finally, we paid a visit to 
Picton Castle Gardens 
(22/010134), where, 
following a good lunch 




Fernery at Picton Castle 

Alison Paul, Sue Norman, Bruce Brow 
Jonathan Crowe, Pat Acock, Roger 

jiuvtattu 

walked through the 
ending the castle. The dominant plant in much of this area was 
Athyrhm filix-femina, which was looking its best at this time of year. Some of the clearings 
bordering the paths had been planted with a selection of many hardy ferns and varieties 
including a fine Matteuccia orientalis. Before departing we thanked Patrick and Martin for 
arranging such an interesting field meeting at such short notice. 

265 



NORTH-EASTERN USA - 'FEAST IN THE EAST' - 28 June - 8 July 
Introduction Pat Acock 

Whilst on our highly successful tour of the Pacific North-West organised by Sue Olsen in 
2003, 1 was sitting at dinner with John Scott. I could see that from time to time he was writing 
on his serviette. Suddenly he exclaimed, "Do you know, I could run a similar excursion based 
in Pennsylvania!" He then went on to explain the details. It sounded an excellent plan and I 
never rum down enthusiastic organisers of fern meetings in exotic settings. So began the long 
process of piecing together what turned out to be another triumphal meeting of the clan fern. 
Many of us from Europe are fascinated by the ferns of North America. This comes about by 
reading about them in books but also in the way the history of the evolution of certain 
genera have been pieced together over time and especially in our life-times by people like 
Edgar Wherry, Herb Wagner and Stanley Walker. High on the list of favourites are the 
aspleniums, with the enigmatic Asplenium rhizophyllum at the Appalachian hub, and 
Dryopteris, including a subsection of our own European Dryopteris. 
A mystery from our Seattle visit was debated endlessly then and on this excursion why does 
Pofystichum munition grow so widely and prolifically in many habitats in the North-West and 
struggle in the North-East of the continent and why does P. acrostichoides luxuriate in the 
East and struggle in the West? Floras often divide the continent around the 100°W parallel 
into East and West with few plants stretching far from the east to the west and vice versa. 
One can look at many books and listen to many authorities about the underlying geology and 
climate of a region but there is no substitute for going and experiencing it. I arrived a day late 
and had the afternoon to myself. Just walking in the woods opposite the hotel I was 
immediately aware of how different the conditions were to those back home. Discussions with 
our hosts and the two ecologists who joined us (Otto Heck and John DeMarrais) also started to 
bring home how different the conditions for growth were in Britain compared to the USA and 
why ferns from the USA are more able to grow in the gardens of Germany than in Britain. 
Britain and Germany lie around the 52°N line of latitude and Pennsylvania around the 40°N 
line - much further south and equivalent to mid-Spain or the toe of Italy. The contrast in 
climate could not be more marked, with Pennsylvania having very hot summers with rain 
and high humidity and winters with regular snowfall and temperatures falling to -16°C. 
ideologically the areas have a real mix of underlying rock types resulting in a range of soil 
types. I he USA also has a much more diverse flora, with plants not being forced into 
ex mction by the ice ages as ours in Europe were. This was especially noted in the range of 
trees in the woodland and the many more species of ferns on the forest floor. 
Day 1, 28th June - New Jersey Pine Barrens Graham Ackers 

Although there are nearly two dozen areas of Pine Barrens in NE America, the largest area 
tty tans in the southern half of New Jersey, which we visited on our first day following a 
longish coach ride. There we collected Lindy Kelly, a freelance guide who works for 
everai conservation groups. Ecologically, the Pine Barrens have some extremely 
interesting features - very porous sandy and gravelly acidic soils, a continental climate with 
co winters and very hot summers, which we were to experience considerable dryness in 
summer resulting historically at least in summer burns, adaptation to these burns by the 
2T KK PmeS ' Chiefly PimS rigida ^ oaks ' man y typically dwarf, and a multitude of 
ZTJZ Tk enCaCe0US s P ecies - Wit Wn ^ apparent uniformity of landscape lie several 

b IS TTl m f udmg swamps ' Wlth Webb ' s Mi11 B °g be -g ™ first st °p- what a 

Zrh wf g, ° n0US COl ° Urftjl wi Wflower spectacle included two species of orchid, 

Antiwa bulbosa and Calopogon pulchellus, and the bladderwort Utricularia cornuta. 

crest zTTT ° ther bladderwort s P ecies Present and the silver/yellow blooms of golden 

. P wia aurea. The flora here was indeed very rich and interesting e.g. three species 

266 



ot Drosera, but the main pteridological interest was provided by the tiny curl\-gia^> 
stands of Schizaea pusilla and the lycopod ma and L. appressa. 

With the heat of the day increasing, our next stop was in the W arrcn ( iro\ e Recreation area, 
which consisted of tundra-like vegetation of considerable interest. However, to seek ferns 
we were obliged to enter taller and denser understores \cgciaiion. a notcntialls hazardous 
venture in view of the ever-present risk of the ticks carrying I yme Disease. Despite our 
bravery, only bracken. Ptei tan was found. As in many 

other areas worldwide, bracken here is typically subservient to other vegetation, not 
forming the all-invasive stands typical of upland areas in Britain. 

We lunched at tables within the welcome shade of a rustic shelter overlooking the 
picturesque Pakim Pond. Following a tasty picnic feast, we walked some way around the 
pond, discovering some more Schizaea pusilla as well as Lycopodiella alopeetiroides. 



bracken, a few plants of Osnwiula . inna 


m, ./;/.■- /am 


goodr 


lumber of fronds of the creeping 


llonchvan 




i. The latter three species were a 


Iso present 


din mg 


/er, the main interest here was 
the rest of the trip. It looks ver 


1 similar t( 



the fact that its side pinnule veins do not hunch before reaching the pinnule margin. 
Most of our sites were within the Brendan T. Byrne State Forest, and our next stop was the 
Forest Office to collect some leaflets and books. One that I can particularly recommend is 
A Field Guide to the Pine Barrens of New Jersey by Howard P. Boyd, published by Plexus 
Publishing in 1991. 

Following another short roadside stop with no ferns, we arrived at the Historic Whitesbog 
Village site. With a height of activity towards the end of the 1 8th century and the first half 
of the 19th century, the New Jersey Pine Barrens had supported a number of rural industries 
such as lumbering, the operation of grist-mills and production of charcoal. (Our first site 
Webb's Mill Bog was created in the aftermath of charcoal burning activities and the mining 
of so-called bog iron 'ore\ etc.) Important agricultural acti\ ities that still survive and thrive 
are the growing of cranberries and blueberries. The centre of activity for blueberry 
production is Whitesbog Village, this now deserted village being the only surviving 
; small villages built around the various rural industries. By the time 
: opened to the public, had closed, but we managed to 
i nine pteridophytes, only one of which {Osmunda cinnamomea) we had 
seen earlier. The new ones were Opluo^los^um pusillum BntrvJiium virginianum. 
B. mat it m. I •> <- ()\nw.!hLt /vg ti \. () i scnsihilis 

m\\ tsplenium plat} m won. Many of these were to become 'old friends' in the days to come! 
Day 2, 29th June - Springvvood, W interthur and WynEden Pat Acock 

On the coach bound for Springwood in the Brandywine Valley, south-east of Philadelphia, 
Naud Burnett, travelling with his wife Wim, gave out his fern catalogue (Casa Flora) to 
entertain us. Their nursery produces over fifteen million ferns a year, many of ; 
to our members. 

At our first garden, Dick Lighty. retired director of Mount Cuba Preserve, introduced his 
wife and mentioned how for twenty years they had built up the garden with many fern, 
shrub and tree plantings influenced by his early visits to Korea. In this beautiful garden set 
in woodland we were able to refresh our memories on Eastern States Dryopteris and other 
ferns as well as to be introduced to many unusual ferns. Among the earliest gems we saw in 
swathes was a Korean fern, Deparia conilii; my own favourite was Potystichum tripteron. 
Exciting to Naud and to John Scott were a variety of sports of Athyrium niponicum and 
possible hybrids with A. otophorum that w< 

267 



At the more public gardens at Winterthur we were able to see large quantities of eastern U.S. 

and Thefypteris noveboracensis. Although not on the list, I was pleased to see Asplemum 
platyneuron. Many of the walls suitable for spleenworts were covered in Corydalis 
cheilanthifolia but even though they were not in flower they never fooled any of us. After the 
fern tour we split into two groups; one group looked at the very fine collection of furniture and 
ceramics, whilst the other went to the library where the best of the books were Eaton's 'Ferns 
of North America' and Catesby's "The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahamas'. 
Our final trip of the day was to WynEden, Wayne and Doris Guymon's garden. Wayne had 
been a professor of a scientific branch of linguistics but later worked for Merrill Lynch and 
travelled weekly to London and visited many English gardens, his favourite being Savill Garden 
in Windsor Great Park. These visits had influenced his landscaping, where he was using 
thousands of plants, predominantly hostas, to create swathes of texture and colours. Over seventy 
species of ferns were on display within this beautiful garden centred around two large lakes. 
Day 3, 30th June - Thyrum's Garden, Mount Cuba, F.M. Mooberry's Garden and 
Longwood Gardens Alan Ogden 

Thursday was a 'Garden Day'. We were spared the usual early start for we only had a short 
drive into Delaware to what we were told was a small house and garden, the home of Eve 
and Per Thyrum at 19 Crestfield Road, Wilmington. They greeted us and Eve gave a brief 
introduction and explained how the property had developed over the years. 
They arrived in 1980 and began their garden. In about 1985 they built a large extension, a glass 
kitchen, and planted many trees so that now the garden was becoming very shady, favouring 
the growth of ferns and hostas. We were very grateful for the trees, as it was another very hot 
and humid day. Eve explained that they enjoyed enhancing their garden with many unusual 
and artistic sculptures, rocks and water features, many built by Per. We were impressed by the 
healthy hostas, which seemed unblemished by slugs and snails unlike those back home. 
Man) Limiliar ferns were growing in the garden, including a huge Dryopteris x australis, 
A! \ "'"'""'■ Wix-femina var. angustum 'Lady in Red' looking good and a 'haunting' of 
Athyrium x 'Ghost'. Varied habitats had been created - a desert garden with Cheilanthes 
among the agaves, a summerhouse by the pool and behind it a ferny glade with osmundas, 
Onoclea and a giant Dryopteris goldicma beneath some huge black bamboos. There was a 
small formal garden with clipped box and many unusual and attractive garden 
We settled down for lunch beneath the trees and Per used a golf buggy ti 



troublesome insects and it was nice to see some friends from the I 
Jilix-femma 'Fnzelhae' among others. It would have been lovely to 
off for our next garden. Thanks to Eve and Per who were perfect host: 



lightful, 



i half an hour a 



t Cuba, Greenville, Delaware, which was previously tl 



home of Mr Copeland, the last of the DuPont family to be C.E.O. of the company. We were 
received by Emmett Jacobs, who gave us a brief slide-show to illustrate the history of the 
house and gardens. The reason for the strange name of the house has been forgotten. Mrs 
Copeland was a founder of the organisation to conserve and develop Appalachian Piedmont 
native plants. The house was built in the colonial style and the reception rooms are now a 
conference centre. The first landscaping was in 1950 and the lower garden and four ponds were 
made m 1960. Dr Richard Lighty, whom we visited the previous day, was the first director, 
tmmett explained the geographical region that they covered and how the estate had grown 
om 36 to 630 acres. A database is being developed using computers and GPS to record the 
exact location of plants. Plants are studied to find more garden-fnendly cultivars and methods 
ot propagation to make them more easily available but no plants are sold from the estate. 



We then had a guided tour of the most impressive gardens by Barbara Aldinger. who 
certainly knows her plants. We didn't meet any new terns but it was strange to see 
Adiantum capillus-veneris growing so well out of doors. There were many flowering 
plants new to me, which would probably grow well in the British Isles. We ended our 
walk down by the large pools where the frogs croaked and the turtles sunbathed. From 
there it was a hot slow walk back to our transport at the top of the hill. Thank goodness 
for the cold drinks and air-conditioning on the coach. (Go to www.mtcubacenter.org for 
more information.) 

Next we were welcomed to 'Spottswood', where F.M. Mooberry gardens only with 
North-east American plants. We were made very welcome and given a tour that took in a 
bog garden with cranberry and pitcher plants, fed by a stream from a pond with the usual 
resident croaking frog. F.M. has many unusual plants and obviously gardens with 




disappointed by 1 

lit by the original colours put i 

The faithful 

coach was waiting as we trooped out of the M"'o ah. Ogden 

garden to take us back to Concordville and Christian & Margit Kohout in the fernery 
a welcome bed. at Lon g wood Gardens, Pennsylvania 

Day 4, 1st July - Ridley Creek, Barnes Foundation, Henry Foundation and 
Chanticleer Gardens Martin Rickard 

Our first stop was at a remarkably unferny spot by the side of the Ridley Creek, near 
Philadelphia. We scrambled down a muddy slope to the waterside to admire Marsilea 
quadrifolia growing in the shallows. This was the only time we saw this remarkable fern 
wild during the week, although John Scott told us it had initially been introduced. We later 
saw it well established in several gardens, just to add to the frustration of those of us who 
have failed to grow it out of doors in England. 



We soon moved on to the arboretum at the Barnes Foundation, set in a residential area on 
the outskirts of Philadelphia. Our driver had some problems because buses were banned in 
the locality, however, he dropped us off not too far from our destination. The Barnes 
Foundation is primarily an art collection and the resultant security on the site was obvious. 
Apparently Dr Barnes collected art but when he took over the property in 1922 he inherited 
an arboretum set up in the 1880s by a Capt. Wilson. Dr Barnes was not apparently much 
interested in the young arboretum and entrusted its development to his wife, Laura. 
As part of the development of the site a large fern collection was planted in a damp corner 
of the woodland. I am not sure if this was looked after by Dr Wherry or whether he had 
occasional input, but the most interesting plants at the site seemed to be down to him. For 
me these were the wonderful cultivars of Polys tichum acrostichoides. One, 'Cri spurn', is 
crisped and serrate and the other, 'Multifidum', could probably be best described as 
bipinnate. Deep in the woodland around a pool near a 'Tea House' the ferns were most 
abundant, planted in patches of one particular taxon. Sadly they were getting a little 
overgrown. Nothing that could not be sorted except that the area concerned is large and 
available garden staff are few (a job for security in their spare time?!). Our group had a 
wonderful time wandering around discussing the correct naming of everything we saw - 
including many of the wonderful trees of the arboretum. 

We were not allowed long to explore the arboretum and were soon herded back to the bus 
to be whisked off to our next stop - The Henry Foundation for Botanical Research. By this 
time the heat was becoming almost unbearable (high 90s°F with very high humidity). The 
Henry Foundation originated in the 1920s. Mary Henry collected plants from all over North 
America, building up an extensive collection of native species (not particularly ferns). 



Before her d 



a foundation to ensure the continuation of the c 



she was very successful because since her death in 1967 the collection has been ably 
maintained by her daughter, Josephine. Before lunch we were introduced to the terrain 
around the centre, a huge rock pile, completely natural but planted with introduced plants 
from elsewhere in the Americas. Unintroduced, amongst the rocks we were delighted to 
find two fern spec.es - Woodsia obtusa and Asplenium platyneuron. 

from the sun amongst the rocks, so it was with considerable relief that 
elicious box lunch, as 
inch we explored fur 
a Cystopteris among s 



I here \ 



««. -elicious box lunch, as usual organised 
by Margaret Scott, thank you Margaret! After lunch we explored further afield into 



rhizome, C. / 



s creeping amongst rocks, i.e. with a creeping 

-. The highlight for me here was once again 

ars of Polys tichum acrostichoides that we had seen in the morning. John Scott 

ited by Dr Wherry. I would love to see both these cultivars 

~ C U l ° » ntlsh 8 arden s. They go part of the way to destroy the myth that fern 

nlitv Tr. m„ ^„:„: c ,.: 1. .___^ A ~,™-» r»r 



s that these t 
introduced to British gardens. 

i British speciality. In my opinion fern cultivars are rare but scattered more or 
less evenly wherever ferns grow. The only reason we have so many in Britain is that we 
nae^oked. In Victorian tunes cultivar hunting was very popular, not so in the USA. The 
first fern book there was not published until 1878 (John Williamson's Ferns of Kentucky). 
It was soon time to move on again. This t 

Ser e a n r a w S , 0l ? ly ,mmaCUlate! ° n amval the heat and humidit y ' 
Down ,!tf n m thC PUbUc r °° ms of the house we ™ved off to tour the large garden. 
Down ,n the valley some way from the house ferns were well represented, scattered through 
a large woodland area. The fem collection here was much as we had seen elsewhere but the 
that we7h S l UPC f EVCry SpedeS l0 ° ked in fine fettle and il 8 0t me wondering why plants 
particular n i ™ WatefSlde p,ants do so w ell in dry areas under trees in America. In 
> unoclea sensibilis and Matteuccia pensylvanica crop up almost anywhere. All 



me time we were exploring the garden clouds were building up and rumbles of thunder 
were audible and we were a long way from the coach so exploration was cut short as we 
hurried back to the bus, passing on the way an interesting mock rum ideal for wall ferns m 

Day 5, 2nd July - Jerry and Joan Hudgens 1 Garden and Susquehanna State Park 

Peter Tindley 

We arrived at 'Fern Dell' and were welcomed by Jerry and Joan Hudgens, the owners. The 
garden occupies four and a half acres of a southerly sloping \\ ood, « Inch provides plenty of 
shade despite its aspect. First of all Jerry provided us with refreshments whilst giving out 
several pages of a list of the ferns planted in the garden. Jerry gave us a guided tour of ihe 
garden, which had been developed over twenty to twentv -fhe \eais from a wild stale. 
Native genera present were Asarum, Trillium, Viburnum and Rhododendron. 
Many of the ferns in the garden were fairly small, having been reeeniK planted. There was 
a good Lygodium japonicum in a pot at the base of the veranda. The plant had to be taken in 
during the winter. Martin Rickard spotted Asplenium platyneumn. Adianium palatum and 
Phegopteris hexagonoptera were said to be indigenous to the area and were doing well 
here. Pat Acock noticed a small plant of Lygodium palmatum that seemed to be doin» well, 
although Jerry had had difficulty growing it. Jerry mentioned that there was a lot of 
variation in Polystichum acrostichoides in the garden. There was a very fine specimen of 
dthyriumfilix-femina var. cmgustum 'Lady in Red', a new variety to me. Pyrrosia lingua 
and Pellaea were being tried outside. Near the bottom stream there was a fine stand of 
Deparia acrostichoides and Asplenium scolopendrium var. americtmum, \\ Inch John Scott and 
Jerry have had difficulty growing. Not far away was a good clump of Selagine/la braunii. 
There was also some Asplenium ■ hi:, >ph\ih<»! John pointed out the grape ferns Bonn hium 
dissectum and B. virgmianum. Further up the garden was Lycopodium lueidulum showing 
fruiting spikes. Nearby was L. obscurum. At this stage we were joined by John DeMarrais 
and Otto Heck. Martin commented on a fine plant of Dryopteris bissetiana. Heading up to 
the house was a wonderful patch of Selaginella uncinata with a very bluish tinge. 
After a very fine lunch provided by our hosts, John Scott showed us an orchid. Liparis liliifolia. 
I saw aplant of Adiantun oedatui) 'Eco \urora-borealis" fo me it could ha\e been Idiantum 
pedatum 'Miss Sharpies'. Naud Burnett said that this plant had paler tips to the leaves. 
We then travelled to Susquehanna State Park, the coach stopping at Rock Run Mill, where 
Woodsia obtusa grew on a very shady wall. Alongside this large colony was a single plant 
of Cystoptcri.s renins. John said he wanted to show us Dryopteris celsa and its h\ brid w ith 
D. marginalis, D. x leedsii. A few hundred yards down the road we found three good 
hybrids, characterised by the sori being further from the pinnule midribs compared to the 
parent D. celsa. The hybrid and parent caused much debate. 



Day 6, 3rd July - Lancaster County Martin Rickard & Alan Ogden 

This was a special day. John had enlisted the help of a local naturalist, Tim Draude, to show 

Susquehanna River, I believe also crossing over into Maryland. 

Eventually we parked near the western bank of the Susquehanna at Lock 12 Historic Area, 
York County, Pennsylvania, and were led off into woodland by Tim. Almost immediately 
we dropped into a small ravine to be shown a wonderful population of aspleniums -Asplenium 
(Camptosorus) rhizophyllum, A. montanum and their fertile hybrid A. xpinnatifidum. The 
two parents are quite common but the hybrid less so. To the visiting Brits all three taxa 

271 



were a great excitement, which grew when we were shown yet another hybrid on the same 
rock. This was A.xtrudellii the rare backcross hybrid between A.xpinnatifidum and 
A. montanum. The existence of this hybrid suggested that here A. x pinnatifidum was the 
fertile tetraploid form. It was a real privilege to see this wonderful site. 
Looking down deeper into the ravine one or two of us wondered if there might be some 
Trichomanes gametophyte. We had a quick look but could not see any. We moved only a 
few yards up the small stream that formed the ravine, passing several botrychiums, and after 
perhaps 100 yards we came across a north-facing cliff overhanging the shallow water. 
Torches were out, investigating deep into the cliffs recesses and a small piece of fem 
gametophyte was discovered. Not Trichomanes but a species of Vittaria unknown here in 
the sporophyte generation - V. appalachiana. Were it not for the fact that we are mostly all 
convinced about the widely distributed gametophytes of Trichomanes speciosum in the UK, 
this story would have been hard to believe. 

After this excitement we moved a short distance to Pecque Creek, where, wandering along 
the side of the narrow road, we came across more As .' on a boulder, 

and masses of Cystopteris. Quite common was Cystopteris bulhifera, but curiously its fertile 
. The bulbils are less plentiful 
very successful taxon. In the field it is split from 
C. bulhifera by its broader, more triangular and fresher green fronds, lacking the long 
attenuate lamina of C. bulhifera. C. tenuis, with its short creeping rhizome, was also present. 
We moved on for a packed lunch in Lancaster County Central Park. After lunch Tim led us 
off across mown grass into woodland with some precipitous, fairly sunny cliffs. Here we 
were delighted to see some large plants of Pellaea atropurpurea in the rock crevices and on 
ledges, along with Asplenium platyneuron and A. rhizophyllum. Moving down the 
woodland to the road at the bottom we saw very few ferns apart from Polystichum 
acrostichoides. By the roadside, above the Conestoga River we were surprised to see 
naturalised Athyrium niponicum 'Pictum' and some nice stands of Adiantum pedatum. We 
walked back along the road to be eventually met by the bus; I do not think many of us had 
relished the idea of climbing up that bank again in the heat! 

After that we went to Mill Creek, where at the edge of a wet meadow on the woodland edge 
we saw the comparatively rare Dryopteris clintoniana along with D. goldiana. 
Day 7, 4th July - Gring's Mill and The Rockland Botanical Garden Naud Burnett 

This American writer had mixed emotions about our celebrating Independence Day, July 
4th, for fear of offending our wonderful British fern c 



First on our agenda was a visit to one of Berks County Park and Recreation Department s 
parks, Gring's Mill at Tulpehocken Creek. Pellaea atropurpurea and P. glabella were 
growing abundantly in the mortar joints of a bridge spanning the creek. Important to the 
Brits were Asplenium trichomanes and the discovery by Christian Kohout of what may be 
an American station for Asplenium trichomanes subsp. hastatum. Pat Acock was kept busy 
as usual climbing over boulder walls looking for yet another fern. We enjoyed a packed 
lunch here as well as a walk through the surrounding forest. 

On the way from here to John and Margaret Scott's garden the bus stopped so we could 
look at ferns and fern allies growing along a roadside nearby. Found in full sun were 
Eqmsetum arvense, Dryopteris marginalia Thehptcris palustris. T. tuneboracensis and 
Onoclea sensibilis. Growing in the shade were ( i staph / m, nuis, tsph nium platyneuron, 
Woodsia obtusa, Dryopteris marginalis. \tl num ////, temina .ai an^stum Polystichum 
acrostichoides, Dryopteris x uliginosa (D carthusiana x D cristata) and Dennstaedtia 
punctilobula. John also pointed out Phegopteris hexagonoptera. 

272 



We went to the Scott's Garden, the Rockland Botanical Garden in Berks County, where we 
were refreshed with tea and lemonade. The garden consists of 13 acres - nine acres of wet 
woodland that had been lumbered in 1968, two acres of woodland ilia! look over an old 
cornfield, and a two-acre mature conifer collection surrounding the house. Some of John's 
collection of 272 fern taxa are organised in the rock garden beds in front of the conifers in 
partial shade and many more are grouped along the path edges in the forest. A collection of 
Polystichum acrostichoides and a large collection ot 2') named cultivars oi' Athyrium 
niponicum were very interesting. The latter collection includes all of those currently 
available and some older varieties, as well as se\eral unnamed ones. Most notable were 
dwarf green and grey forms from Mrs Barnes, 'Wildwood Wonder'. 'Wildwood Ancient 
Jade', 'Ursula's Red', 'Branford Rambler'. 'Red Beauty', several crested ones including 
'Reggie's dwarf, and hybrids such as Athyrium x 'Branford Beauty' and A. x "Ghost". It was 
clear that many cultivars did not look like the photographic ad\ ertisements in sales literature in 
the trade, the bright leaf colour <<i spin _ i u : hlca*. ed it t. < i • - . ial by July 4th. 
Found in the rock garden were Woodsia ilvensis, W. plummerac. U. obtusa. Chcilunihcs 
lanosa, Diplazium pyenocarpon, a collection of eastern North American Athyrium filix- 
femina cultivars and eight forms of Polystichum acrostichoides with ruffled broad pinnae, 
crested tips or incised pinnae. 

The woodland collection of trees and other plants were the result of 25 years of natural 
reforestation represented by six types of dicots. Among the trees and native shrubs were 
magnolia, tulip tree, poplar, spicebush, maple, gum, smilax and ilex. A natural walk in this 
forest meandered through luxuriant foliage of native herbaceous plants as well as abundant 
stands of poison ivy, which we tip-toed around to avoid getting sap on our shoes. The 
following ferns were seen: Oncn lea sensibilis (red-stemmed form), several forms of Osmunda 
regalis, Dennstaedtia pimctilobula. \th\rium tilis-fcmiihi. A. otophorum. Diplazium 
pyenocarpon. Dtyopt <<s , , <ia>n f ] eclsa. P xboottii. /"> x triploidea, D goldiana, 
D.xleedsii, D. dilatata, D. intermedia. D.filix-mas "Barnesii". D. remota. D.filix-mas 
(John Mickel's), numerous forms of Pofypod w . Boti > \an (five species), several species 
of Lycopodium, Thelypteris noveboracensis, Phegopta v connectilis. P. hexagonoptera, 
Selaginella ap 



perennial plants were too numerous to list but among the more important 
ones were 25 species of Trillium, lily of the valley, showy orchids, Indian pipe, SaspariUa. 
Arisaema, Thalictrum and Smilax. 

Before dinner several members disappeared into John's extensive natural history library in 
the basement. Notable were the complete runs of Clute's Fern Bulletin and the American 
Fern Journal, numerous reprints and over 300 fern books. John demonstrated his fern 
citation database with over 8,400 entries. We all appreciated the Scotts sharing their garden 

Day 8, 5th July - Nescopeck State Park and Delaware Water Gap Pat Acock 

On Tuesday morning we set off on the short journey to Nescopeck State Park, which was 
not signposted. Once we finally found the park entrance, the roads inside the park were very 
well signposted. We were given a guide to ferns and their allies by Environmental 
Education Specialist, Diane Madl, who also accompanied us along the trail. The woods 
were awash with ferns. At the woodland edge, climbing up the grasses and into the low 
shrubs, was the Hartford Fern, Lygodium palmatum. For the next 400 yards or so it was 
everywhere and what a delight it was. As the trail gave way to drier ground Martin Rickard 
was able to discern Dryopteris x triploidea amongst a group of D. intermedia. 



i Botrychium virginianum, B. dissectum and, 
n, Phegopteris connectilis had been washed a\ 
[artin found a drift of it nearby and so it \ 



Few wanted another walk, so the hardy ones climbed up rapidly to 400 feet in about fifteen 
minutes to be rewarded by a wonderful view of the river and cliffs as well as Woodsia 
ilvensis, W. obtu sp. trichomanes and Pellaea 

atropurpurea, as well as seeing in the wild a beautiful fern that is often cultivated, 
Cheilanthes lanosa. On the way down a polypod looked different from the Polypodium 
£ j turn we had got to know, and we were assured it was P. appalachianum. 



s Cobble, Innisfree Garden and Cary Arboretum 



e reserve covering 329 acres, the main area of 
which consists of open fields dotted with red cedars, Juniperus virginiana, and forest. 
However, at the heart of the reserve, adjacent to the well-appointed and informative Visitor 
Centre, is an area of unusually fashioned rounded bedrock, being a rocky hill or knoll 
consisting of limestone, marble and quartzite. This is the 'Cobble', the word not having its 
usual meaning of a 'large pebble', but believed to have come from the German word kobel 
or koble meaning rocks. This basic substrate is a haven for pteridophytes, and the reserve's 
pteridophyte list for the whole site consists of 54 species. 

As time was limited, we restricted ourselves mainly to the Cobble area, walking along the 
Ledges Interpretive Trail, for which a good guide booklet was available. Sarah, the 
reserve's Property Manager, with whom we swapped snippets of ferny information, 
accompanied us. Of the ferns listed, we managed to spot 31 taxa, many if not most of which 
we had seen at other sites, perhaps not, however, in such profusion. Highlights from the list 
were the significant patches of the walking fern (Asplenium rhizophyllum), Dryopteris x 
triploidea {D. carthusiana x D. intermedia), and the gametophytes of Trichomanes 
intricatum, cryptically residing in dark damp rock crevices. Party members also spotted two 
taxa not on the reserve's list - the hybrid Cystopteris x illinoensis (C. bulbifera x C. tenuis) 
and Equisetum pratense. Historically the reserve had been well known for having Scott's 
spleenwort Asplenium ebenoides {A. platyneuron x A. rhizophyllum), but this was not found 
by us and sadly has not been seen by anyone in recent times. 

Our first afternoon visit was to Innisfree Garden in Millbrook, New York. Originally a large 
private garden, it became a foundation in 1960 when it was opened to the public. Based on 
Eastern design concepts, this landscape garden makes much use of stonework and contains 
interesting features such as waterfalls, fountains, grottos and sculptures. The central feature 
is a large lake, fringed with blooming pickerelweed (Pontederia cordatd), and close by 
were various boggy areas with a profusion of plants. I noted 18 pteridophyte taxa, although 
the garden is by no means 'fern focused'! The highlight perhaps was a fine specimen of the 
culhvar Athyrium x 'Branford Beauty'. 

On her death in 1967, Mary Flagler Cary left her Arboretum at Millbrook, New York in 
trust, and by 1983 the Institute of Ecosystems Studies was created on the site for research 
and educational purposes. Within this large 2,000-acre site is the small Fern Glen, which 
was our final site for the day. We were guided there by the lively Judith Sullivan, who told 
us that John Mickel designed the Glen, originally as a fern hardiness testing area_ 
subsequently, however, its focus changed to being a garden devoted to the preservation and 
enjoyment of native ferns occurring naturally within a 50-mile radius of the Glen. As such, 



'exotics' are being eradicated. The area consists of paths and boa: 
of habitats including a pond, swamp, fen. cobble and forest. > 
contains the greatest variety of ferns, shaded b\ netting since a I 1 ) 
previous tree cover. We recorded 26 pteridophytes in all. perhaps 
large plants of the swamp-loving Osmunda chmamomcu. (). 
Onoclea semibilis. \hnhu, cm \trufhi<>;>n m and Irhvriitm iih\-hi 
Day 10, 7th July - John and Carol Mickel's Garden, L; 
J. Buck's Garden 

I had been looking forward to today's first visit for months. We 
Carol Mickel's garden at Briarcliff Manor near Ossining. about 20 
and about one mile from the Hudson River. I had been a few \eai 
was something special. If anything my only trepidation was that n 
as good as I remembered. I need not have worried! f\er\ plant \ 
John has an arrangement whereby suitable mulching material is d 
five yards from the nearest fern border. The rewards from taking t 
c jealous! 



I would guess the garden covers at 
where the land drops away behind the ho 
pool at the bottom. This part of Ossining 



an acre. The i 



i fern a 



; on the shady slope 




Many ferns here were worthy of note. Deparia 
Korea with erect sporing fronds and spreading s 
of us this week (we had seen it earlier in Dr Lighty's garden). Dryopteris ludovicitma, with 



its beautiful glossy green fronds, curiously mimics Polystichum acrostichoides in having 
sporing pinnae reduced in size towards the tips of the fronds. Why do both species do this? 
It is odd that they both grow in the same geographic region. Arachniodes miqueliana 
(wouldn't mickeliana have been appropriate!) is one of those ferns I dismiss as ungrowable, 
but here in Ossining, with its large triangular fronds, it is stunning. Dryopteris monticola is 
g species. I have heard it said that it is simply an Asian form of 
is clearly different although the two species do look to be 
•. litorale is new to me. It is a very nice compact 
ies. Diplazium squamigerum is a 
>ut very rarely met with in the west. 
■ tii its beautiful new fronds flushed red is magnificent here, and I 
mean magnificent. I have grown this in the UK but it has dwindled and died. Dryopteris 
hondoensis with its rather more open fronds, also from Japan, thrives. I could go on for 
ever, there are so many unusual ferns here, many of which do not appear to grow in Britain. 
John is in US hardiness zone six, much colder than anywhere in England, so why the 
discrepancy? After much discussion while travelling on the coach we came to the 
conclusion that we do not have enough summer heat to stimulate sufficient growth annually 
for the plants to survive the winter. Either that or the stop/start nature of our springs are lethal. 




in & Carol Mickel's home, Ossining, New York 

Back: Pat Acock, Alice Bagwell, Peter Tindley, Naud Burnett 

Middle: Carol Miekel. ( hnstian & Margit Kohout. Sue Olsen. Bob Bagwell, 

John Miekel, Alan Ogden, John Scott 

Front: Graham Ackers, Wim Burnett. Martin Rickard 



:, and unfortunately t 



refreshments laid on in the house by Carol, but we made it! I wonder how many of John and 
Carol's bits and pieces decorated with ferns were noticed. Their collection, scattered all 
around the house, was mind-blowing. It runs to mugs, plates, napkins, curtains, mats, 
pictures, jugs, vases, towels, tea towels, etc., etc. 

No one wanted to leave here, John and Carol had been such wonderful hosts, but we all 
reluctantly climbed back on the bus to travel the short distance to Lyndhurst. 
At Lyndhurst, still in New York State, we partook of a marvellous box lunch prepared by 
the Lyndhurst caterer before rushing off to the fern garden. This is by the side of the main 
entrance drive and consists of a series of raised beds each surrounded by largish stones. 
Within each bed the local fern growers had amassed an excellent collection. Highlights for 
me here were some of the fascinating Dryopteris hybrids, including D. x boottii. This is 
sometimes seen for sale in the UK but never correctly so far as I can see. We were shown 
around by Gray Williams, who very patiently fielded our many questions. 
After a shortish stay at Lyndhurst we set off on quite a long drive to the Leonard J. Buck 
garden in New Jersey. Here is housed half of the F. Gordon Foster fern collection (the other 
half is at the New York Botanical Garden). We were shown around, armed with the list of 
ferns in the garden. Many were species native to the north-eastern states, notably Marsilea 
quadrifolia in the pool (near a large black snake that quietly slithered off as we arrived!), 
Thelypteris noveboracensis, Woodwardia areolata and of particular interest to me was a 
large stand of crested Deparia acrostichoides. I am hoping we can find out if this attracthe 
fern is hardy in Britain. 

Name changes and species splitting is not unique to Europe. Readers may be interested to 
know that i Polypodium vulgare in the US has over the years been split into a handful of 
different species, none of them now called P. vulgarel Initially all polypodies in the east 
were assigned to P. virginianum but this too has been recently split into two with the new 
species called P. appalachianum. Our visit was quite soon on the heels of the change and 
each clump of polypody was discussed much as would happen in the UK. This all added to 
the fun and we ended up putting all the Buck Garden material we saw into 
P. appalachianum. The only P. virginkmum I remember seeing on the whole trip was 
among the rocks on the climb up to see Woodsia ilvensis at the Delaware Gap. 
Day 1 1, 8th July - Bowman Hill and Jack and Rose Marie Schieber's Garden Sue Olsen 
Our final day arrived all too quickly, with Bowman Hill Preserve and its Wherry Fern Trail in 
Pennsylvania our first stop of the morning. As per visits at previous sites, local specialists, Jack 
Schieber, John DeMarrais and Otto Heck had kindly scouted and done an inventory of the 
ferns on the property and presented us with a checklist of the ferns in the collection. 
The Preserve itself was established in 1934 with a long-term goal of presenting and 
preserving the wildflowers and ferns of Pennsylvania in their varied natural habitats on the 
property. The soils, rocks and exposures offer a representative sampling of those of the state 
as a whole and consequently offer an ideal terrain for the collection of some 800 of the 
state's 2,000 native plants. Dr Edgar Wherry, teacher and author, was instrumental in 
establishing the Preserve and he and his students planted a trail of native ferns along the varied 
terrain of twenty acres of woodland. A canopy of hemlock and understorey of rhododendron 
are dominant woodlanders and part of 80 acres enclosed by the requisite deer fence. 
Hildy Ellis, who is the Education Coordinator at the preserve, greeted us in good cheer 
especially considering that we were also met by an incredible eastern U.S. downpour. Hildy 
guided us along a wildflower walk down to the fern trail. Fortunately the ferns along the 
trail were by now basically familiar natives, Wherry's specialities. It was not long before 
everyone was quite ready to return to the comfortable and dry visitor's centre and gift shop. 

277 



Meanwhile, while we were enduring rain as opposed to the up-till-now ever present heat 
and humidity, Rose Marie Schieber was preparing a luncheon feast for us all. She and Jack 
garden in Holland, Pennsylvania. What a pleasure it was to sit in their sunroom, surrounded 
by garden vistas, flocks of visitors to their bird feeders and best of all, good friends. 
The rain relented a bit and the well-fed faithful eagerly joined Jack for a tour of their 
collection. Even before leaving the house, we were impressed by a statuesque specimen of 
Dryopteris x complexa standing as a sentinel in the foreground of a primary bed. The tour 
introduced us to a collection of fellow Lh \ i iding an attractive D.filix- 

mas 'Parsley' and a robust D. affinis 'Revolvens'. We admired and photographed the native 
Dryopteris hybrids especially D. x leedsii. But there is much more than their Dryopteris 
collection and we were especially impressed by a magnificent planting of Polystichum 
braunii. In addition to and amongst the robust Dryopteris collection, the Schieber' s have a 
lusty little Woodsia scopulina subsp. appalachiana. This attractive and rare dwarf was a 
'new to us' find. Ah, but then came the questions about scales, hairs and the botanical 
nuances of identification. Since then, Jack has done some research and has confirmed the 
identification. It was a treat to be introduced to this unusual mound of small, soft and cold- 
hardy foliage. I'll confess that this was not my first visit here and I continue to be impressed 
and delighted with a vigorous stand of Adiantum capillus-veneris that shares, along with 
annuals, the intimate garden close to the house. Mind you this is USDA Zone 6. Jack 
confesses that he has a reserve plant, brought indoors in the winter, in case of an 
emergency. So far it has not been necessary. 

We left late for the University of Pennsylvania's Morris Arboretum at the northernmost tip of 
Philadelphia. Here we were welcomed by Diane Smith, a fern enthusiast and garden volunteer. 
Eager to do some serious photographic work with tropical ferns, I slipped away to the 
fernery, while Diane introduced our tour members to some of the highlights of the garden. 
For us the Dorrance Hamilton Fernery (more commonly known simply as The fernery) was 
the highlight of the visit. Built in 1899 (and restored in 1993) it is believed to be modelled 
on Ascog Fernery in Scotland. The floor is five feet below ground level and the whole is 
covered with a Victorian style wrought-iron and glass roof. It is a magical place housing 
over 200 ferns dripping from walls, surrounding water features and creeping about in a 
tapestry of foliage. Most of the ferns are tropical or subtropical although a specimen of 
Dryopteris sieboldii was the finest I have ever seen anywhere (reinforcing my belief that it 
thrives in heat!). I was quite taken by huge and healthy stands of assorted maidenhairs as 
well as lush selaginellas. Selaginella erythropus with its vivid red undersides was a jewel, 
especially brilliant in the company of dark green companions. The Fernery was a pleasant 
contrast to our many outdoor excursions and a fine finale for our 'Feast in the East'. 
In conclusion Pat Acock 

We never really resolved the Polystichum munitum versus P. acrostichoides problem but 
we had a lot of fun and met a whole lot of new friends on the way. 

At our final dinner we presented John with the traditional Jimmy Dyce whisky tumbler and 
Margaret with a bouquet of flowers. The British Pteridological Society would like to 
express Us most sincere thanks to all the hosts mentioned above for their incredible 
both opening their gardens to complete strangers and for the copious 
quantities of food and drinks served. Very early on one of our hosts let it slip that he had 
been preparing for the visit for fifteen months and we were only there just over an hour and 
nan. Especial thanks must go to John and Margaret Scott, whose warmth of welcome, 
endless kindnesses, meticulous planning and generous giving of time made this incredible 



the Society what it 



s generous people like John and Margaret t 



OXFORDSHIRE - 15-17 July (Leader: Nick Hards) Nick Hards (Friday), 

Pat Acock (Saturday) & Paul Ripley (Sunda> ) 

On Friday afternoon seven members met up at Oxford University Botanic Gardens. The 
fern collection in and around the glasshouses is very impressive. Unfortunately, the same 
can no longer be said of the fern border. When the Society visited in July 1983 (Bulletin 
2(5): 231). the late Theo Dyer's collection of cultivars was at its peak, with many fine 
varieties of Polystichum, Diyopteris and Athyhum. Sadly, only one or two P. setiferum such 
as Tveryanum' and a few of the toughest and most drought resistant D.filix-mas and 
D. affinis varieties remain. On the lower level, however, there is still a fine patch of 
Thelypteris palusths with some good plants of Osmunda regalis and Onoclea sensibilis. In 
the evening members gathered at the Cherry Tree Inn, where the weekend's itinerary was 
discussed and a selection of choice beers was sampled. 

Around 20 members gathered on Saturday morning at Shotover Country Park (42 564062). 
close to the Oxford ring road. Our leader explained a little of the bistarj and the underlying 
geology of the area. Although predominantly sands, one area gave way to a more calcareous 
substrate that could be seen in the change in the fern flora as we progressed. As we headed 
through the wooded area on the north-west part of the site, we saw mainly acid-tolerani species 
Diyopteris tilix-mas. D ■' -nun \ sign of change came when m a 

wet flush we encountered a fine stand of Equisetum telmateia not looking at all affected by the 
recent drought. As we moved lower and closer to the ring road, we encountered Atinrmni fUix- 
femina in Brasenose wood. A little further down on the stream bank, much to our surprise ue 
found a solitary plant of Polystichum aculeatum. Steve Munyard delved a little deeper into the 
scrub covering the river and soon found Asplenium scolopendrium and Polystichum setiferum. 
Nearing completion of the circuit, a fine P. setiferum 'Divisilobum' that Nick had discovered 
in a ditch (42/565056) was much admired. Equisetum arvense and Diyopteris affinis subsp. 
borreri were also noted and there was a suspicion that D. x complexa may have been present. 
After lunch we moved on to Harcourt Arboretum (41/554988) near Nuneham Courtenay. 
where we added Equisetum fluviatile to the count. A pleasant collection of trees yielded 
once again the first three ferns of the morning as well as the fern-leaved beech, Fagus 
sylvatica Asplenifolia'. The party became split in two but both groups reported that they 
had found Dryopteru carthusiana in quite different parts of the woods. Only one party, 
however, positively identified D. x deweveri, and also came upon the Fern Glade, which 
included plantings of Bit ci 1 < htot h a sensibilis. 

We now moved on to Dorchester (41/579941), where we were shown Asplenium 
. I. rut munirio ! n <. "» subsp , mJ I adiantum-nigrum 

on a brick wall some 150 yards from the church. Our leader had mentioned cream teas several 
times during the day, and members now gathered in a very pleasant garden for tea and home- 
made cakes. Later in the evening we gathered for the annual meeting of the 'Jimmy Dyce 
dining club', where nineteen of us sat down to a meal with good ferny company. 
On Sunday morning, seventeen members and guests met at the fascinating Dry Sandford Pit 
SSSI (41/467997), a (highly) calcareous wetland. The main feature of this site is an area of 
shallow but moving water fed by springs arising from a rim of Jurassic limestone of the 
Corallian series. This was a remarkable site, surely with few parallels outside this area. 
Marsh helleborine {Epipactis palusths) was common and in full flower. Stoneworts 
(Characeae) were seen, and Stephen Munyard found a crayfish. We noted Diyopteris tilix- 
mas, D. dilatata, Asplenium scolopendrium and A. trichomanes (presumably subsp. 
quadrivalens) here, but horsetails were the speciality of this site: Equisetum arvense, 
E. palustre and E. variegatum. The last species grew in the shallow water, and some spikes 
were producing characteristically orange cones. Polypodium interjectum and a clump of a 
large-fronded form that may have been a hybrid, were also seen. 

279 



village of Cothill we noted Aspleniwn ceterach and Pofypodium 
i walls. Cothill Fen (41/463998), another SSSI and Nature Reserve, is 
i alder and open fen. Dryopteris dilatata grew on 
some of the tussocks together with D.filix-mas, while Pteridium aquilinum was common 
around the drier fen perimeter. Unfortunately, we failed to find Thelypteris palustris, which 
our leader had hoped might be present at this site. We did, however. 6 
and a very good example of D. affinis subsp. borreri on the footpath leading to the fen. 
After lunch, we drove to Nick and Eleanor Hards' garden on the outskirts of Didcot 
(41/538910). A search of the unimproved but very dry grassland in a field adjacent to Nick's 
house failed to reveal the Ophioglossum vulgatum known to be present, although 
arvense was common in certain areas. Nick and Eleanor's garden presents a challenge since it 
is on heavy clay, but we enjoyed seeing some most interesting ferns. I particularly appreciated 
the P. setifemm 'Hirondelle' (possibly the only extant example of this attractive cultivar), a 
range of plants raised from P. setifemm 'Bevis' sporelings, and attractive plants resulting from 
intentional hybridisation of a crested form of D.filix-mas found by Nick at Austwick, 
\ Mkshire, and D.filix-mas 'Linearis'. Finally, mention should be made of a most attractive 
trailing Nephrolepis growing indoors, and the superb tea provided by Eleanor and Nick. 
Our grateful thanks go to Stephen Munyard and Bryan and Gill Smith for bringing books 

: especially to Nick Hards for org 
meeting a ' " 



Pteridophytes recorded during meeting in Oxfordshire, July 2005 





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Dryopteris affinis subsp. borreri 


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D. carthusiana 




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D. x complexa 














D. x deweveri 




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D. fihx-mas 


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E. fluviatile 




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NORFOLK BROADS - 10-11 September 

Trevor Lording (Saturda> ) & C 
On the Saturday morning we gathered at Barton Turf Staithe, 
George Taylor, warden for the area for the Norfolk Wildlife Tins 
were our excellent boatmen for the morning. 
Our first stop was an island in Barton Broad (63 360225), the ii 
cleared of trees. Here we saw Thclvptcns palusths. Athvriun 
carthusiana, D. dilatata. scattered plants ol /). cristatu. OsminnL 
Dryopteris x uliginosa. 




Barton Broad, Norfolk 

Peter Taylor (at the helm), Mark Kitchen. Christine Mullins. Martin Rickard, 
Barry Nicholson, Mary Ghullam, Gill Smith. T'reuu i <■•,: i _. Karen Munyard 

At our next stop, on the west bank of Barton Broad (63/360216), we saw Thclvptcns 
pulttstris. Dryopteris filix-imis. D. carthusiunu. D. cristatu. Osmunda regalis and an unusual 
looking Dryopteris. There was much debate about whether this was a stressed D. filix-mas 
(the area had been mowed earlier in the year) or a very unlikely cross of D. filix-mas and 
D. cristata. With permission, a small part was taken by Ken Trewren to grow-on so that its 
chromosomes could be studied and an identification hopefully ascertained. Just as we were 
about to board the boats, which had been moved from our disembarkation spot, we found 
another D. x uliginosa. We then returned to Barton Turf Staithe and. after proffering profuse 
thanks to George and his son, we bade them farewell and had our lunch. 
In the afternoon our first stop was at the delightful church of St Michael at Irstead 
(63 sb52o5). where we saw D. dilatata, I a specimen of 

an Asplenium looking very much like A. onopteris with extremely acute tips to the 
segments of the pinnules. Samples were taken for Ken and the Natural History Museum 
to confirm what might be an extremely unusual find. [Disappointingly, it was identified 
as A. adiantum-nigrum.] We then moved to Salthouse Railway Station (63/293141) 
where we saw Equisetum arvense, Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens, A. ruta- 



1 brickwork under 






Our next destination was the northern end of the seafront at Great Yarmouth (63/532089) 
where, on the seaward face of the sea wall, we saw possibly the most easterly occurrence of 
Aspknium ceterach. Still on the sea wall, we were also surprised to find A. scolopendrium, 
■ ■ ■■■... 

superb specimens of A. ruta-muraria. 

Our final two stops of the day were two bridges over the disused railway between 
Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth. At the first (62/536980) we saw an abundance 
of A. adiantum-nigrum, A. scolopendrium and Equisetum arvense. Whilst at the second 
bridge (62/541969), less than a mile away, there was an abundance of Asplenium ruta- 
muraria but only a very few A. adiantum-nigrum and a fair number of 
A. scolopendrium. 

The excellent day of ferning was perfectly rounded off first by a tour of Gill and Bryan 
Smith's garden, where the author of this section was transfixed by a 'foreign' fern with 
wonderful golden croziers unfurling, which turned out to be 'Gardencentricus plasticus\ 
originally discovered by Karen Munyard! Thereafter, we had a lovely meal courtesy of Gill 
with much good company and laughter courtesy of all present. 




J the 2001 New 

! by Professor Brian Moss 

- star tbng fact that until the e 



, no-one had fathomed out how I 



Broads were formed. Then an enterprising Cambridge b 
lot I think!), and along with colleagues from other persuasions concluded that they were the 
result of massive peat diggings between the 10th and 13th centuries. Sadly for our purposes, 
ferns hardly get a mention in Professor Moss' book, but my expectations were kindled by 
the well known occurrence of the fen buckler tern (Dnoptcris cristata) in the region. I saw 
this fern for the first time in Britain at a site in Surrey in the summer, but was really looking 
forward to seeing more. 

Our Sunday morning visit was to a reed and woodland area near Horning (63/360177). 
Initially a search was made for adder' s-tongue (Ophioglossum vulgatum), seen earlier in the 
year when the surrounding vegetation was lower, hut not re-found by us. Then, entering 
swampy scrubby alder and silver birch woodland, we found a few D. cristata. but not as 
robust or numerous as those occurring at our second morning site the previous day. Also 
present were narrow buckler fern (D. carthusiana), plus several good specimens of their 
hybrid D. x uliginosa - for me these were the highlight of the morning, beautiful plants 
exhibiting hybrid vigour and exuding an air of authority over their fern companions! These 
included also the odd Osmunda i\-gii/i.\. II dilatata. possibh /> x deweveri and bracken. 
Both in the understorey and the open fen, common iced (Pkragntites austrulis) was 

during the foray I reached the bank of the River Ant, and was amazed to see nose-to-tail 
boats edging their way along the narrow waterway (reminiscent of the M25 on which I have 
the misfortune to travel too often for my liking!). 

Our swampy foray was followed by a short visit to a drier wood (63/355180), where we 
observed the common woodland fern flora - D. dilatata, D.filix-mas and bracken, plus rare 
s of£>. carthusiana, D. qffil >lopendrium. 



En route in the afternoon, we stopped briefly by a lane-side (63/370215) to see vigorous 
stands of Pol) P. vulgare, and P. xmantoniae. Our destination was 

Catfield Fen, part of which belongs to Butterfly Conservation, and part to the Norfolk 
Wildlife Trust. We were prevented from entering the former part, on the grounds of 
safety I think, although D. cristata had been recorded in that area formerly. The swampy 
area we did enter (63/365213) consisted of dense saw sedge (Cladium mariscus), the 
parting of which was difficult without incurring skin lacerations from the razor-sharp 
blade edges. Marsh fern {ThetypU - \ tst s) was abundant here, creating an amazing 
sight with many fronds well over a metre in height. Although both this and fen buckler 
fern occur in swampy ground, marsh fern prefers open very wet areas, whereas fen 
buckler fern prefers some cover from woodland vegetation and a slightly drier substrate. 
These habitat preferences can render their presence mutually exclusive, and this was 
certainly the case here despite fairly extensive searching, we did not find a single 
D. cristata (although there was some potential woody scrubland present). Osmunda 
regalis was present (one particularly large plant), plus very rarely D. carthusiana, 
D. dilatata and bracken. 

So, what of my overall impression of the Broads? Fern-wise, D. cristata is obviously 
rare, and must be highly endangered as a British native. D. carthusiana is much more 
common, and Thelypteris palustris abundant in many places (in the south-east we have to 
search hard to find this!). Also, it was good to see Osmunda in the wild, although it was 
not too common. Phragmites, which is everywhere, blocks out views and impedes 
progress, and has to be cut regularly as part of the fens management. And there are lots 
of people on the water and around the 'honeypot' settlements (e.g. Wroxham and Potter 
Heigham). But 1 think I will return. Of course, our weekend was made most enjoyable by 
the impeccable planning and affable company of our organisers, Bryan and Gill Smith, to 
whom hearty thanks are in order. 



LECTURE MEETINGS AND DAY VISITS 

POL YPODIUM IDENTIFICATION DAY, NEW FOREST, HAMPSHIRE - 

5 February Martin Rickard 

Deep in winter outdoor ferning is not foremost on everyone's mind. It was therefore 
extraordinary to see between 60 and 70 keen botanists (about half from the Hampshire Flora 
Group) assemble for a walk in the New Forest to look at polypodies, in particular 
Polypodium cambricum (or more sensibly here called P. australe). P. australe is of course a 
calcicole yet it has been recorded on oak trees deep in the forest far from any walls or any 
other recognised source of lime. This meeting, centred on the epiphytic colonies in grazed 
wood pasture around Clayhill Heath, Lyndhurst (41/301061), was organised to inspect the 
colonies and to discuss the ecological consequences. 

In dry weather, we were fortunate to have several eminent specialists with us and two gave 
introductory talks before the walk. Fred Rumsey explained the genetic origins of the three 
species of polypody native to Britain, while Chris Page put forward the exciting hypothesis 
that maybe there are four species here with a calcifuge P. australe-\ike species making the 
fourth. He admitted that this is very unlikely but by thinking the unthinkable he certainly 
got us all thinking - and talking. 




Introductory talks over, we set off deep 
— "• high on the old oaks although m. 



of Polypodium fallen from a tree in the New Forest 

forest very wet under foot. Polypods 1 



presence of the calcifuge P. vu l g are but none was positively identified. ' 

aeeper into the forest we were shown P. australe on several trees, including a semilacerate 
• The opinion that it had been correct 1> identified was quickly agreed, 
i hybridisation could not be totally ruled out. 



although the possibility of si 



Most of the party split into two groups for lunchtime detours - some to view the substantial 
colonies of P. australe growing in more typical habitat on the limestone walls of Beaulieu 
Church and Abbey (41/388025), whilst others visited Andy Byfield's private collection of 
Polypodium cultivars. After lunch, the meeting moved under cover to the Testwood Lakes 
Study Centre to discuss the morning's findings and listen more easily to further 
presentations. Members had brought fronds for identification and comparison. Many thanks 
to the Beaulieu Estate for permission to visit the Beaulieu Church area, to the Hampshire 
Wildlife Trust for use of the Testwood Lakes Study Centre, and to Andy Byfield for 
organising such a successful and interesting day in winter! 

(After the event, in conversation with Ray Woods, an eminent Welsh bryologist, 
pteridologist and all round botanist, 1 learnt that oak trees attract a calcicole moss flora so 
he was not too surprised by the New Forest records. Also, since this meeting /'. ausimlc 
was found on oak trees, far from lime, during the Pembroke meeting.) 

AGM AND SPRING INDOOR MEETING, MANCHESTER- 19 March 

Graham Ackers 

Most refreshingly, the Society had the benefit of a new AGM venue tins year, the 
University of Manchester's School of Biological Sciences Botanical Experimental Grounds 
in Fallowfield. Facilities included the lecture meeting room, togcthci with other smaller 
rooms for tea-making, BPS merchandise, etc. Our plant sales stall was set up in one of the 
many greenhouses, and the exploration and relaxation 

(at least at lunchtime!), aided by a beautiful sunny day (a Manchester 'first' for me!). 
Over 50 members took their seats for the first of two Rickard's Hardy Ferns presentations. 
Martin Rickard and his then wife Hazel set up the nursery in 1988, partly as a hobby 
(Martin described it as 'a game'!), and partly to provide Hazel with some meaningful 
employment, as their rural location at Leinthall Starkes near Ludlow excluded most types of 
more conventional employment. The first priority was to obtain a good stock for 
propagation. Martin already had a major collection of ferns, and this was enhanced by 
various acquisitions such as donations from Christopher Fraser- Jenkins. The nursery 
expanded in 1993 with the move to Kyre Park, Tenbury Wells, and Martin described the 
various practical and financial burdens borne in sorting out that site. 

The nursery first exhibited at the Malvern Show in 1991, displaying non-aesthetic white 
plant labels, and disobeying several show rules! These teething troubles were eventually 
corrected, and other shows followed, including Chelsea (starting in 1992), Hampton Court 
and the NEC. The nursery went on to achieve several awards, starting in 1993 with a string 
of Gold medals at Chelsea, and crowned by being given the Tudor Rose Award for best in 
show at Hampton Court in 1996. The main benefit to a nursery of attending shows is to gain 
publicity. Even more publicity was achieved when the nursery was featured on Gardeners' 
World. Martin showed fascinating slides of the nursery's ferns and show stands, and went 
on to describe some of his suppliers in Australia, New Zealand and Holland. 
In 2002, Martin sold Rickard's Hardy Ferns to Dick Hayward, who gave the next 
presentation on his experiences in setting up and running a fern nursery. Having acquired a 
derelict hill farm in North Wales, the first task was to move Martin's stock and find 
somewhere to store the ferns pending the physical establishment of a nursery infrastructure. 
Dick showed slides of the various outbuildings, all of which v 
modifications. Particularly traumatic were the frustrations ex] 
polytunnels on ground with a high proportion of bedrock! More recent slides of ferns in 
their various housings suggested a thriving nursery with a substantial stock. Dick's mission 
for the nursery is "to be able to offer the widest possible variety of ferns" (most at the 
meeting were quite happy with that!). Like Martin, but never having previously attended a 



flower show, Dick has also exhibited at Chelsea, Hampton Court, NEC and Tatton Park 
shows. He is particularly keen on introducing fern species new to cultivation, and to this 
end has visited Taiwan, as some of their high altitude species might be hardy here. 
Over the lunch period, and again after the AGM, Thurston Heaton took three parties around 
the grounds, starting with the Alpine House where he showed an aerial photograph of the 
grounds in the 1970s. 'The Firs' is the mansion built by Joseph Whitworth, the Manchester 
engineer, in 1851. Subsequently acquired by the University, it has served as the Vice- 
Chancellor's house, and is now the University conference centre, Chancellors. Thurston 
conducted us around the various greenhouses, some with plants being grown for research, 
some for demonstrations to schoolchildren, and some being purely ornamental. In the latter 
category, one large greenhouse was divided to provide four different habitats, one being 
suitable for and housing a variety of ferns. The tour finished in the moss house, which had a 
wonderful cool and humid atmosphere, and housed some Hymenophyllum species and 
Trichomanes speciosum. But the pieces de resistance were splendid plants of the New 
Zealand endemics Leptoptehs hymenophylloides and L. superba, together with their smaller 
progeny. I have seen these species several times in the wild in New Zealand, but none of the 
plants I observed there were any larger than these! 



On the Sunday morning, a few members met at Tatton Park, principally to see the Fernery, 
an impressive building designed by George Stokes (the son-in-law of Joseph Paxton) and 
built in 1859. Apparently it has proved necessary to remove the roof twice in the last five 
years, so rendering any investment in choice ferns somewhat foolhardy. However, there 
were many ferns present, though the vast majority were Dicksonia antarctka and 
Woodwardia radkans. Spotting any other fern species was accepted as a challenge by the 
party, who eventually discovered occasional mainly small specimens of Pteris cretica, 
P. tremula, Asplenium scolopendrium, Dryoptehs dilatata and a Hypolepis sp. Despite the 
paucity of fern species, the overall ambience was impressive, and the plants were set off to 
great effect by the curtains of Ficus pumila draping all the walls. 

Helped by the two ingredients of sunshine and good company, the weekend proved to be 
most enjoyable, and particular thanks are due to Yvonne Golding, Roland Ennos and 
Thurston Heaton at the facility, Pat Acock and Bryan and Gill Smith for manning the plant 
sales and merchandise stands, and our two speakers Martin Rickard and Dick Hayward. 

POLYSTICHUM MINI-SYMPOSIUM, RBG, KEW - 19 November Pat Acock 

Graham Ackers opened this meeting, which was attended by around fifty people, with an 
outline of the day's tight schedule. 

David Wagner from the United States started the proceedings with a talk on 'Polystichum in 
North America: the boreal element', a look at his studies on Polystichum andersonii and 
relatives. This species had been thought to be an autotetraploid by some, unrelated to 
P. munitum. However, Herb Wagner's cytological data and a fresh morphological analysis 
suggested P. munitum is a diploid ancestor, so the hunt was on for the other. The only 
candidate turned out to be a herbarium specimen of the tops of three fronds. David set out 
tor Alice Arm in British Columbia, the 1934 collecting site, but was unable to relocate that 
species. He did find another rare species, P. setigerJ, which turned out to be a hexaploid. 
bribed the presumed diploid ancestor of P. andcrsnnu. which he named 
P. ^akiutln after one of the native peoples of the region. 

After coffee, Mary Gibby outlined Anne Sleep's work on Polystichum hybridisation at 
Leeds University. Anne did a lot of work on European polystichums but later turned her 

286 



) crossing tnem with more exotic species, some as far away as Australia I \en 
ined some chromosome pairing, showing distant relationships. Mary intrigued us 
>er that Anne wrote for the Fern Gazette but subsequently withdrew, winch 
much of her otherwise unpublished work. Mary was encouraged by the 
audience to publish some of these studies. Mary clearly outlined the genetic principles of 
hybridisation, and also explained the Leeds method of experimental hybridisation. 
Speaking on the subject 'Variation in Polystichum setiferum\ Robert Sykes introduced us 
to our new book, BPS Special Publication no. 7, Polystichum Cultivars Variation in tin 
British shield ferns by J.W. Dyce, edited by Robert Sykes and Martin Rickard (ISBN 0- 
9509806-6-8). Robert outlined how Jimmy Dyce had the work in hand just before he died, 
but it had languished for many years as much effort was needed to bring it to a publishable 
form. Robert discussed many of the problems of nomenclature and identification of the 
cultivars and the difficulties of fitting them into a classification meeting the criteria of the 

cultivar groups with the help of illustrations, and we were able to buy a copy of the book, 
hot off the press, to take home and study further. 

During lunch the morning's proceedings were discussed informally and we had to be 
hurried to reconvene to fit in the lengthy afternoon programme. 

First on was Heather Driscoll from the University of Vermont, USA. who discussed her 
work with David Barrington as displayed on a huge poster that they had prepared for the 
symposium. The poster showed the distribution o( Polystichum throughout the world, 
indicating centres of endemism - areas with more than ten species of which the majority are 
endemic. Much discussion ensued on the numbers of Pol) stit hum in different regions and 
why certain parts of the world are richer than others. Further discussion revolved around the 
phylogenetic analysis that David Barrington' s team had generated by comparing DNA 
sequences of fifty of the approximately 250 polystichums presently thought to exist. 
Martin discussed recent developments concerning two of his favourite ferns. P. setiferum 
'Bevis' was discovered by Jno. Bevis in 1876 at Hawkchurch in Devon. 'Bevis' is normally 
sterile but late in the 1890s or 1900s a few spores were discovered by C.B. Green. He was a 
neighbour of C.T. Druery and they sowed the spores with remarkable results. All the 
wonderful progeny was, however, sterile and all the forms have remained very rare. Today 
things are changing. Dutch growers are tissue culturing these rare plants and reproducing 
many of the old rare cultivars, BUT, they are also producing remarkable new breaks via the 
tissue cultures and Martin showed images of many of these exciting new forms. His other 
special interest cultivar was the Crawfordsburn fern (P. setiferum 'Crawfordiae'). First 
found wild in Northern Ireland in 1 86 1 , it has become shrouded in mystery and in the minds 
of many considered to be probably extinct. Staff at Glasnevin Botanic Garden in Dublin 
have searched gardens for it in the past without success. Many people claim to grow it but 
on inspection all plants turn out to be a standard form of 'Divisilobum'. However, last year 
Martin met a Northern Irish gardener, Margaret Glynn, who said she had it and would send 
him a frond. This she did and he was immediately impressed by the likelihood that this was 
THE fern. With Jim Denison of Limerick, Martin visited Margaret's garden, and is now 
convinced that this is truly the fern. Another grower nearby, Garry Dunlop, also has the 
plant (from Margaret) and Garry has passed a piece to Jim. So, after a century or so in the 
wilderness, the Crawfordsburn fern is alive and well in at least three gardens in Ireland. 
Next Heather Driscoll spoke to us on the 'Evolution and biogeography of Hawaiian 
Polystichum' I lands, 4,000 miles from the nearest land-mass, were 

colonised by long-distance dispersal; plants could then island-hop. Wide variation in 
substrate, topography and moisture regime allows closely related plants to grow quite close 
together and speciation seems to occur comparatively quickly. The 180 pteridophytes 

287 



comprise a high 16% of the vascular plant flora, and 76% are endemic to the islands. 
Fosberg proposed that the source region for almost half the fern colonisations was the Indo- 
Pacific, the rest being American, Australasian, pantropic/cosmopolitan or boreal. 
Phylogenetic studies have helped shed light on this and revealed the number of colonisation 
events that have taken place. Heather and David Barrington's hypothesis was that the three 
polystichums found in Hawaii were the result of two or more migrations from both the new 
and old worlds. Their DNA, isozyme and morphological studies suggest that the diploid 
P. hillebrandii is remote from the other two, being more closely related to P. neolobatum 
from eastern Asia. Both the tetraploid P. haleakalense and the octoploid P. bonseyi were 
found to be closely related to P. wilsonii from Asia and Africa. So it is likely that there 
were only two colonisations, both from the old world. 

Fred Rumsey spoke about Tofystichum in Europe and Macaronesia'. He showed the 
relationships of the European species, all either diploid or tetraploid. Interestingly, although 
P. braunii does hybridise, no allopolyploids have arisen from them. Fred then moved on to 
discuss the Madeiran endemics. P. falcinellum is quite common on the island above 900 
metres, but whether its origins lie in North America (it looks superficially like P. munitum) 
or in Asia is not known at present. It hybridises with P. setiferum and the hybrid, 
P.xmaderense is often quite variable. One of the questions raised was whether the form 
depends icm which parent is the female. The other Madeiran endemic is the globally 
less than twenty plants are known. Brest Botanic Gardens 
ition, along with other threatened island endemics, with a 
known of this species' affinities. Fred then touched on 
alien terns that have escaped from cultivation in Britain and which may become even 
more successful with changes in the climate. P. munitum has already successfully 
hybridised in the wild with native P. setiferum, and P. tsus-simense has escaped onto a 
wall in London. 

Our final talk was by David Wagner, who now concentrated on the Mediterranean element 
m m western North America. For his PhD studies he had sought to refine Herb 
wagner s 1973 interpretations of relationships in this complex. Central to this re-evaluation 
was differentiating P. munitum from P. imbricans, which Herb had treated as a single 
species. David proposed that P. imbricans, and not P. munitum, was ancestral to 
r.scopulmm. He also suggested that P. imbricans had contributed to the genome of 
m based on morphological analysis. A cytological study in Oregon supported 
nis idea but Herb's early cytological work in California indicated unequivocal involvement 
ZhritTT^ D At / irSt ° aVid beHeved that both * imbricans and P. munitum had 
the t^, p W /• dUdkyi t0 Pr ° duCe a 8 enetlcall y c °™Plex P. californicum, perhaps over 
n,nnl h k "I * eVOlved from P munitum. However, more recent DNA analyses 

peered by Pam Solfis clearly show P. imbricans as the sole once-pinnate progenitor of 
neoHoH T°T' r* thlS directl y contradicts the cytological evidence, an explanation is 
b ^eenrw I T *?"*' * aPPean Cytol °S lcal ™^™ cannot always dlSCnminatC 

dSS° y ed species when seekln s to determine p arenta § e of a hybnd taxon - 

Effect thH Pr ° P0Sed that * e m0rph010 ^ of P californicum is explained by the 'Vavilcv 
when^ro^ n °T° n ° f a h y brid ta *°n tending' to look more like a parental species 
PdldZ 2 m C C ° mPany ° f that P arent " Thus ' P californicum looks more like 
when Z^nT- T* " ** C ° mpany ° f P *** and il looks more like P fmM T t 
thanks toThe! ". ^^ ° f ^ s P ecies - Aft er some discussion and r— ■ 



: speakers, i 

'■ meeting, but a 



t of work to find 



^Sofxt — ind 



excellent facilities. 



, without whom we could not have had such a carefree day and such 



REGIONAL MEETINGS 

LEEDS 81 DISTRICT 

Polypodiums around Malham, North Yorkshire - 13 November 2004 Barry \\ right 

Technically this was in the year 2004 but as our Group AGM is in October each year, a trip 
in November is reported in the following year. In our 2004/05 year our field trips got off to 
an early start. A hardy band of members braved the crisp November morning to explore the 
limestone cliffs around the Gordale Scar area of Malham (34 m.U I his was a lead-on 
from discoveries and studies by Ken Trewren and Bruce Brown of the full set of species 
and hybrids of Polvpodiimi in the area. Confirming the identification of some specimens 
was difficult, as they were sometimes high up on the cliffs out of reach of normal mortals 
1 been working hard to come up with cunning devices to reach 
) and snip off diagnostic bits iliat 



the theory. The Bruce Broun \lkl 
patented Pofypodhtm snipper was 
brought in to play. This ingenious 
de\ ice enabled samples to be taken 
from some three to four metres up 
the cliff. Unfortunately, the Mkl 
only snipped. It sometimes allowed 
the frond to drop into the cliff-top 
\egetation where it seemed quite 
happy to stay, despite much 
prodding and poking. [The Barry 
Wright Mk2 snipper, with the 
.: ... 
was used to good effect during the 
Malham/Arncliffe meeting in 
August 2005 (see p. 292).] 
Despite the cold, the day was bright 
and sunny and the area remarkably 
free of tourists, so we could happily 
wander around snipping and 
pondering the finer points of 

- ; 
And yes. we did see all three species 
and all three hybrids during the day. 




Bruce Brown mastering the Polypodium snippers 

MK1, with Brian Byrne poised to catch a frond: 

the MK2 snip-and-grip head inset 



Nidderdale, North Yorkshire - 12 March Robert Adams 

The Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) offered the Leeds and District 
Group (through me) a small grant to survey some of the woodland in Nidderdale and prepare a 
list of the pteridophytes found. The first site to be visited was Bryan's Wood (44 187623). a 
mature, semi-natural broad-leaved wood with an area of anciently coppiced alder carr. The early 

surveys that Phegopteris am ix-femina grow in the wood. Ptehdium 

aquilimim and Dryopteris dilatata dominated the ground flora, with occasional plants of 



Hlix-mas and D. affinis subsp. borreri. Ken 
Trewren found possible Trichomanes speciosum gametophytes and identified some dry grass stems 
as Festuca altissima, a rather rare grass often associated with other rare species of woodland plant. 
After lunch we moved up the dale a few miles to Skrikes Wood (44/154642), a site the Group 
has visited several times. The species list was the same as for Bryan's Wood, with the addition 
(thanks to Ken's expertise) of some undoubted Trichomanes speciosum gametophyte and a few of 
last year's Phegopteris connectilis stalks. After wading through the stream, then scrambling over 
a steep bank and some large rocks, one of the group found a patch of Hymenophyllum wilsomi. 

The Upper Don Valley, South Yorkshire - 2 & 30 April Paul Ruston 

We had decided to hold a couple of early seasonal meetings in South Yorkshire to look for 
and record Trichomanes speciosum gametophyte and other winter green under-recorded 
ferns. All information was to be shared with South-Yorkshire Biodiversity Research Group 
to be added to records for their planned atlas. 
Raynor Clough and Ewden Beck - 2 April 

With the kind permission of the land owner, three of us entered the steep-sided and densely 
wooded Raynor Clough. We worked our way slowly up and along the sides of the clough 
where there were many fragmented rocks, large boulders and fallen trees, all providing a 
matrix of habitats in which one would expect T. speciosum gametophyte to grow, 
particularly close to the stream. Surprisingly, none was seen until near the top of the clough, 
where there were more solid and stable sandstone outcrops, in the crevices and fissures of 
which were good colonies (43/274953). There was water seepage through the rock fissures 
where the gametophyte was most prolific. Polystichum setiferum and one very large 
Asplenium scolopendrium were seen. Dryopteris affinis subspp. affinis and borreri were 
very evident, but with fronds now lying on the ground. The fronds of the ubiquitous (here in 
Raynor Clough) D. dilatata were already unfurling, the growth of those in the more 
sheltered hollows being quite advanced in South Yorkshire for so early in the year. 
At Ewden Beck whole areas were found to be strangled with thickets of Rhododendron 
ponticum, therefore movement was slow, restrictive and tedious. Nevertheless, we did find 
one small patch of gametophyte in the narrow crevice of a Gritstone outcrop (43/229964). 
The Porter or Little Don River, Langsett - 30 April 

The same three met at a car park off the A616 (44/202012). On my latest edition OS Explorer map 
OL1 the river sides here are depicted as woodland; it soon became obvious that this information 
was incorrect and there was no sign of logging having taken place in the recent past. The river 
slopes comprise thick and in places unstable shale with thin protrusive bands of sandstone. This, 
and the lack of tree cover, made the prospect of suitable g„... 
however, press on and follow the Little Don River and its t 

legwork in very wet conditions we did not find a single site. Growing in a boggy, wet flush - 
there were plenty around - we saw Equisetum arvense, E.fiuviatile and E. palustre, with 
common dog violet, Viola riviniana occupying the higher and slightly drier sides of the spring line. 
Except for the Trichomanes speciosum gametophyte at Raynor Clough, we were unable to add 
any new ern records for South Yorkshire, but this record alone made the two meetings seem 
worthwhile and rewarding. 

Moonwort Surveys, Yorkshire Dales - 13, 14, 22 & 29 May Barry Wright 

The continued support of a small but dedicated group of moonwort (Botnchiuw lunaria) 
ana adder s-tongue (Ophioglossum vulgatum) searchers returned to the Dales to extend the 
urveys done m the previous year. A preliminary recce on the 13th May showed promise for 





to The Stang (45/018067), which is a high level 
recce revealed occasional records at around this altitude. 

Brenda Wilson, and me. We radiated out from Surrender Bnd-e between Sualedile id 
Arkengarthdale at 34/989988. Bruce went south and found sporadic colonies of moonwort and 

a nice patch of adder's-tongue. The Wilsons went north and found records early on. then after 
ion. I went east and got a number of records at 
:i started to emerge that continued with later surveys: there seemed to 
:cords with the branching-off of footpaths and 
ould be because at these locations there is often a 
grass that provides good conditions for colony development 
suggest that colonies occur on both sides of a road i.e. if there are 

colonies observed at a point on the 'out' leg of the survey, then further colonies are found 

almost or exactly opposite on the 'return' leg. Does this indicate that the colony developed 

from spores germinating within a short distance of the parent plant, or does it suggest that 

the colony has persisted on both sides from the time when the road was tarmaeked and 

effectively severed any potential for vegetative movement 

analysis of the data may give some clue as to why the cole 

match up on both sides of the road and how the colonies e 

afternoon was spent on the road between Askrigg and Gr 

sporadic, records of both moonwort and adder's-tongue we 

On the 22nd May there were two of us, my wift 

gaps from the previous week on the Askrigg to Grinton road ai 

from the 2004 survey on the Leyburn to Grinton and Redmire t, 

our highest record yet of adder's-tongue at 461 metres (44/040949). Again, the pattern of 

clusters where footpaths and bridleways meet the road was evident. 

The final trip in 2005 was by me to complete the section from Surrender Bridge to 

Langthwaite. This began at the ford made famous as an opening shot for the television 

version of 'All Creatures Great and Small' by James Herriot. This included an area of old 

lead mine spoil with some moonwort being found away from the road here, and again 

records were associated with footpaths and bridleways. 

Many thanks to the diligent searchers. Back for some more next year? 

Ramsley Moor, Chesterfield, Derbyshire - 25 June Barr> \\ ri^ht 

On a slightly damp summer's morning, five hardy souls turned up at the car park at 
43/295748. From here we walked a short distance northwards up the road before following 
a footpath off to the west and down into the valley where we were to look for horsetails and 
their hybrids. We began with Equisetum palustre at 43 294756. followed quickly by 
E. xlitora/e. then E. sylvaticum. /. thniutilc and finally E anense. In the process we also 
saw Pteridium aquilinum, Oreopteris limbosperma. Blechnum spicant. Athvrium fili.x- 
femina, Dryopteris dilatata, D. carthusicma (and possibly D. x deweveri) and D.frtix-mas. 
A short trip down the road brought us to an overflow channel for Ramsley reservoir (43 286745 I 
that supported 'wall' ferns, particularly Asplenium ceterach, along with A. ruta-muraria, 
A adiantum-nigrum and ,4. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens; Cystopteris fragilis was also present. 
Then "off to t'pub for a bit o' snap" before the afternoon's trip into Coombs Dale (43 222743 ). 
Here we saw a varied fern flora including Asplenium ruta-muraria, Cystopteris fragilis, 
Polystichum acu 'gare, Dryopteris affinis subsp. borreri, P. interjectum, 

Asplenium scolopendrium and two horsetails. Equisetum palustre and E. arvense. 

291 



The final bit of Paul Ruston's grand tour was to go 'deep-dark-holing' to look for the 
gametophyte of Trichomanes speciosum, which we found very abundantly in good 
condition. We also found a nice patch of Gymnocarpium dryopteris along Froggatt Edge at 
43/249769. As it was high summer it was still light when we finished, just! Paul does like to 
get good old-fashioned Yorkshire value out of his trips, for which we are very grateful. 
Thanks Paul for a tiring but very rewarding day. 

Whitby and Goathland, North Yorkshire - 23 July Barry Wright 

On the promise of real local fish and chips eaten while taking in the ozone at Whitby, Ken 
Trewren lured seven of us to his side of the North York Moors. Fortunately (or 
unfortunately) the day coincided with the arrival of the tall ships race, so the town was 
rather busy. But it did give those who arrived early an extra treat. The morning was spent 
looking at 'urban ferns', loosely speaking. Beginning at the bus station, Ken led us to a site 
for Adiantum capillus-veneris growing on mortared brickwork in the back alley to a row of 
terraced houses at 45/895107 along with Asplenium scohpendrium, A. trichomanes subsp. 
quadrivalens and A. ruta-muraria. On the way we also saw Polypodium vulgare and Athyrium 
filix-femina growing out of mortared walls. I thought we might have the chance of a bracken- 
free field trip, but not so. On our way to another back-street alley, there it was growing at 
the end of someone's unkempt garden. But we were on our way to see some Asplenium 
adiantum-nigrum at 45/898106. There was evidence that the colonies had been sprayed. 
On our way to the harbour we passed Dryopteris fdix-mas and D. dilatata. Our target was 
the Asplenium marinum at 45/898115. This was growing near the top of the harbour wall 
but it was still somewhat difficult to hang out under the railings to get a good view. We got 
a better view on our way through town, as there was more A. marinum growing on the wall 
round the toilet block (45/8981 14); not so salubrious, but easier access. A trip over to the 
other side of the river to try to see Azolla fdiculoides was fruitless, but we did add 
Cystopteris fragilis to the list as this was growing on the abbey walls. Then it was back 
down for some splendid 'out in the open' fish and chips. 

After lunch we moved off to Goathland, stopping en route to look at a most unspectacular 
Botrychium lunaria (one sterile blade 1.5cm tall) near a cattle grid at 45/853032. I had 
discovered this when I found myself early for the rendezvous and pondered the possibility 
that moonwort might still be up. Compared with the very civilised morning, the afternoon 
was to be one of Ken's 'moderate going' strolls. After 30 minutes of scrambling, brambling 
and general climbing up and slipping and sliding down slopes, we arrived at the base of a 
Cliff supporting, along its length, Dryopteris aemula, Oreopteris limbosperma, Blechnum 
spicant, D. affmis subsp. borreri, Polystichum aculeatum, Phegopteris connectilis and an 
unidentified and possibly 'new to science' pachyrachis-type Asplenium trichomanes. Very 
healthy colonies and distinctly not quadrivalens-like. 

On the way back the bracken lovers had a treat - a huge stand, taller than head height, 
which left the groups shouting pitifully to each other in order to find a way through and 
back to the quaint pub in Beck Hole. A good, somewhat 'mixed' day. Thanks Ken. 

Malham/Arncliffe, North Yorkshire - 13 August Bruce Brown 

nf/omT^ 5 bfaVed the dements to rendezvous at Street Gate near Malham Tarn 
fan !! f L ? he,ght ° f 37 ° metres ' We were alread y above the cloud base and r3in ^ 

4 Sf d %tl w,th three sites t0 vlsit ' we retreated to the ,owest and most she,tered T 

(34/910632), hopmg for things to improve later. This site lies just below Gordalc Scar, the 
oss being a 20-metre waterfall plunging down into a well-wooded steep limestone valley. 
ColeT n H g r° n , ? m ^ TreWren ' S stud y of polypodies and their hybrids in the Malharn 
Cove and Gordale area, which we had visited as a group in November 2004 (see p. 289), I 



had checked Janet's Foss Wood over the winter months, finding mostly Pah-podium 
interjection and P. vulgare. But interestingly, with confirmation by Ken and Rob Cooke, we 
consider the three Polypodium hybrids to be present here also. The nearest colon\ of 
P. cambricum grows a kilometre away, west of Gordale Scar. 

On our current visit we noted that the P. vulgare colonies \\ ere u ell de\ eloped u ith ripening son. 
whereas the P. interjectum was still producing new fronds and any son present w ere \ en green. 
so the colonies were nowhere near as luxuriant a- the\ had appeared over the winter Droppim- 
down to the fall pool (34/91 1633), we saw both spec.es growing on the rocks and epipfaj Dealt) 
on several trees. A little further downstream the path wends its ua\ beneath a ten-metre high 
crag with some Polypodium fronds visible but unreachable along the top (34 ') 10632) from a 
previous examination of fallen fronds this is considered to be a P. xfimt-queri colony, based on 
its complete infertility and characters relating to both P. cambricum and P. vulgare. 
But with nothing to examine now, we continued further downstream to a site where a crag 

(34/909632). Barry Wright produced his patent Mk 2 'Pofypodhm-pfouing tool - (a pan ot 
string-operated rose-gathering snips on the end of two camera monopods |omed together). 
which was a much-improved version of my tent poles and scissors that we had iicld-testcd 
in November (see photo p. 289). The fronds were large and elegantly adorned with doubly 
serrated edges and have been identified as P. xshivasiae. Ken Irewren look a sample with 
green sori for chromosome squashing. Near the bottom of the wood another slippery climb 
took us up to a small craggy face with several clumps of P. interjectum, but one colony was 
noticeably different, with fronds containing both ripening and aborting sori (34 9<)%3I ) 
This was confirmed as P. x mantoniae. 

Other limestone pteridophytes noted as we returned back up the wood were Potystichum 
aculeatum, Diyopteris tili.x-mas. Cxstopteris fragi/is. \spleniinn u o/opendrium and 
A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens. There were a few Drvoptcri** dilatata plants growing 
on old stumps and even a lone Athyrium filix-femina. 

We returned to Street Gate for lunch in the cars with the rain still beating down, then, 
undaunted and clad in waterproofs, we set off for the two-mile walk up to the watershed 
between Malhamdale and Littondale. Fortunately, the cloud base lifted and the rain 
gradually eased. We reached a wet flush near the top (34/908690), which yielded Equisetum 
palustre and E. fluviatile. However, our mam objective was the limestone pavement nearby 
(34/911693) at a height of 460 metres. This habitat is typical for Potystichum lonchitis in 
the Yorkshire Dales, although over many acres of seei il tends to crop 

up only very occasionally. On my reconnaissance I had counted 51 plants but members 
noted a further 1 1 plants on the day, which makes this site second only to Moughton in 
terms of numbers. We were much impressed by the active growth of new fronds and baby 
plants. Only one or two had that brown leathery appearance of aged plants. Most grew 
protected in the grykes with a few frond tips bitten off here and there, but many were in 
pristine condition. Perhaps the sheep-grazing regime is still low following the foot and 
mouth disease outbreak in 2001. No signs of hybrids with the commonly occurring 
Polystichum aculeatum were suspected. 

Other associates in this splendid area of limestone pavement were Asplenium xinJe. 
I trichomanes subsp ouadn ulcus I pteris fragilis, 

hnoptuh tih\-mas. and an occasional :> a't » s subsp '\.,. t , ( >nc P mil hum aculeatum 



Dryopteris submontana was absent. A wea - femina was also p 

The sky was rapidly turning blue as we returned to 
of Street Gate (34/910656). This flush consists of si 



silt and was inhabited by a good colony of 

slightly drier parts contained E. arvense (which was coning on a previous visit in early June) 
lla selaginoides was also present along with Primula farinosa and Parnassia 
pahistris. So ended an interesting day with 22 taxa seen and not a frond of bracken in sight. 

Nidderdale, North Yorkshire - part two - 27 August Robert Adams 

Old Spring Wood (44/204627) was the third site we visited as part of our survey of the 
woodland of Nidderdale. Only a mile or so from the first wood that we visited in March, it 
had the same basic group of acidic woodland specie aim, Dryopteris 

1 
A diligent search of the nooks and crannies of the gritstone rocks by Barry Wright and Paul 
Ruston resulted in the discovery of Trichomanes speciosum gametophyte. Barry also 
managed to find a wasps' nest, the irate occupants of which thanked him in the usual way. 
The afternoon session was spent at Cock Hill Lead Mines, Greenhow (44/112644), not a 
woodland site but with considerable pteridophyte interest nevertheless. On the ruined walls 
of the old mine buildings we found Asplenium scolopendrium, A. trichomanes subsp. 
quadrivahms, A. ruta-muraha, Polypodium vulgare and Cystopteris fragilis. The veins of 
lead ore at Greenhow were mined by cutting horizontal shafts into the Carboniferous 
limestone, which resulted in a lot of limestone waste. As this had to be cut by hand and 
carried out manually, it was in fairly small pieces. The spoil heaps formed from this material 
are thus a man-made limestone scree habitat. On the top of the main spoil heap was a 
thriving colony of Dryopteris submontana; this is in a ten-kilometre square with no record 
for this species in the 2002 New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. In the wet ground 
around the stream we found a small patch of Equisetum fluviatile in amongst a large area of 
E.palustre. Barry noticed that one or two of the E. palustre plants were carrying cones on 
the branches as well as on the main stem. By coincidence, there was an article by Chris 
Page in the 2005 Pteridologist on this phenomenon of polystachy; it is described as unusual 
- another plus for the day. We made a detour on the trek back to examine some Blechnum 
spicant growing in a vertical rock-face. Plans have already been made to revisit this area 
next year to look for the Botrychium lunaria that has been seen in previous years. 

The Sheffield Botanical Gardens and Rivelin Valley, South Yorkshire - 



The Grade 2 listed Sheffield Botanical Gardens had for many years suffered from serious under- 
funding. This was noticeable in the deterioration of the three pavilions that date back to the early 
Victorian era and were the jewel in the crown of these excellent gardens. About five years ago 
the gardens were granted, with the push of a dedicated steering committee and the enthusiasm 
and fund-raising zeal of the Friends of the Botanical Gardens (FOBS), Lottery funding of 
16.68 million with which to restore the gardens and pavilions to their 1 9th-century glory. 
mLM^ and bright mornin g eight members met on the roadside by the main gates 
(43/334863) to take a grand tour of the gardens. It soon became quite clear to us that ferns, 
both native and foreign, had featured extensively in the replanting of the beds. A mass 
planting of Dryopteris cycadina in the dell looked superb and on the bank-sides of the dell 
ferum, I' cm uleatum and their varieties could be seen. Unfortunately, some 
ot the ferns were incorrectly labelled, in many cases by the supplier. 
After an excellent lunch at the 'Curator's House' cafe (formerly the curator's residence), we 
entered the magnificent carefully restored pavilions The three pavilions are linked by two 
regions^ ftTwori ** 1 greenh ° USeS a " d COnlain plants from tem P erate and m ° re ^f 
team of horticulturists from RBGE (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh) helped to establish 
294 



. Wo c 



: 



region of the stipe {Cvaihca yunn/osa''). Our joume\ 
where we saw Aiiiunmm hispUhilum. t ulcita mucroctir/n 
Zealand, as expected, tree-ferns dominated the scene: ( 
and C. sitiithii. The star turns here had to be the C. meeh 
fan-like fronds on glossy black stipes already, two year; 
glazing above. What a stunningly beautiful fern. A y 
of Pteris cretica 'Albomargin 
) find yourself lingering 
amazing form and subtlety of colour these statuesque plai 
- no ferns, but mat .sting plants to se 

A short drive >ver to the Rivcli 



industrialists built then water mills here: one 
sixteenth century. Nature has now reclaimed this 
for wildlife, and ferns. A car-share enabled us tc 
steps (parking at 43/321883). Shortly after sett 
could be seen several cristate Asplcnium scolopt 
interjectum. Our walk alternated between the ri 
which are now drained, silted and populated wit! 
housings and leets. Many of these structur 
Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris dikrtata. D.fili.x-n 
filix-femina. On the riverbank we spotted some i 
and a possible D. qfffnis subsp. borreri 'insolens 
branched Equisetum fluxiatile were seen in the 
E. arvense was also seen around the margins. 



1 dams a number o\ 
: derelict stone wheel- 

borreri and Athyrium 
s affmis subsp. affinis 

of some tall and well- 
: only partially silted. 




SOUTH-EAST 

Merriments Gardens (Hurst Green), Nap Wood (Mark Cross), Eridge Rocks 
(E ridge Green) (all East Sussex) and Tea Garden Farm (near High Rocks) (Kent) 
- 1 1 June (Leader: Paul Ripley) Paul Ripley 

Thirteen members and a potential new member, Sophie Miller, met at Merriments Gardens 
(51/738280). This is a thriving garden centre, but with a most attractive open garden laid out 
on the Wadhurst clay of the High Weald. There was very little shade, but moisture-loving 
ferns such as Onoclea sensibilis and Matteuccia struthiopteris were flourishing. All the plants 
we saw were well grown. Polystichum setiferum 'Pulcherrimum Bevis', Dryopteris affinis 
subsp. Icambrensis, D. goldiana, and an attractive pot-grown Dryopteris collected by Roy 
Lancaster in Japan (was this D. crass irhizomat), caught my eye. There was plenty in this 
garden to sustain our interest, although there were few ferns for sale in the nursery. 
Access to Saxonbury Hill had been denied by the estate office and so we decided to cross 
the road to Nap Wood (51/582328). Here we were rewarded with a splendid range of ferns 
to delight both our newer members and older hands. Twenty-one years previously Clive 
Jenny had shown us the delights of this Sussex wood on the very first South-East meeting. 
Along the trail to the river we found a few clumps of Oreopteris Umbosperma with 
Athynum filix-femina and Blechnum spicant. Pteridium aquilinum was abundant in the 
woods. Approaching the river we found Diyopteris carthusiana to compare with D. dilatata 
along with the suspected hybrid D. x deweveri. D. affinis subspp. affinis and borreri also 
grew close by, reaching a height of nearly two metres in places. The delight, however, came 
in a long bank of D. aemula, which just invited photography. 

At Eridge Rocks (51/556356) we immediately had to squeeze through a tight crevice to 
admire a small quantity of Hymenophy Hum tunbrigense. Some members climbed on top of 
the rocks and made their way along the top finding Polypodium interjectum, others went 
along the bottom to find the other two large colonies of Hymenoplnllum tunhri»cnse. which 
were in far better health in this damper part of the rocks. We really could do with some 
slightly damper springs to promote greater growth of this rather special plant of the Weald. 
Tea Garden Farm (51/559384) lies opposite the famous High Rocks, once a site for 
n. tunbrigense but long since denuded of most of its ferns. High Rocks is in East Sussex, 
out lea Garden Farm lies just inside Kent. Behind the farm and an outdoor riding school 
ies a wall of Tunbndge Wells sandstone. On this 'wall' and in the woodland beyond we 
round a number of good plants of Polystichum aculeatum (the second site in Kent), three 
plants of Osmunda regalis, Asplenium Si , pn mtt Uh) i ium filix- 

Jemina, Pteridium aquilinum, Dryopteris filn-mus. D ddutata. D affinis subsp. borreri, 
and a candidate for D.xcomplexa. On the walls of the riding school and outbuildings 
Asplenium scolopendrium was abundant. Alas, like Francis Rose before us, we found no 
andT% ' thlS W3S a fascinati "g ^d rich site, and we are most grateful to Anne 
and David Preston for allowing us free access and for providing us with tea afterwards. 

Dnngeness and Park Wood, Kent - 23 July John Edgington 

RinlTv l em S S T d a d ° g assemb,ed at De nge Marsh RSPB Reserve (61/062195), where Paul 
beLen n, Hn "' ** ^ She f ° r marsh fern in the area - The flora on Denge Beach 
.n;,/,!L.r, f I * n 8* ness Power Station in the distance was amazing - dodder {Cuscuta 
) twined around wood sage (Teucrium scorodonium) Nottingham catchfly (Silene 



extraS Aft , W3S ^"""f'l^'o'de., in one of the numerous ponds left by gravel 

Alter a mle »f difficult walking Paul led us down to the edge of a reed bed and an 



impressive stand of Thcl\ V t,ris patustris. The plants were at all stages of development, from 
limp unfurling croziers to stiffly erect fertile fronds with ripe sporangia. Although the ground 
seemed bone-dry after the long drought, we searched around and soon found several oilier 
stands with many hundreds of plants, most of them hidden beneath the willow can that 
signified a late stage of serai succession. Clearly the tern rhi/omes had tapped an extensive 
waterlogged layer. Marsh fern is still, as Hanbury and Marshall wrote in Flora <>/ Kent in 
1899, "very fine and abundant here". Dryopteris carthusiana is also recorded hereabouts, and 
sure enough Andrew Leonard soon found a good specimen in one of the willow stands ( >n the 
way back, Trevor Lording noticed many plants of Jersey cudweed {Gnaphcdium kiteoalbum) 
beside the track. Dungeness is only its second British site and this is an encouraging extension 
of the small colony found in 1996 and believed to have been bird-sown from French sources. 
Following a debate between Pat Acock and Tim Pyner as to whether Equisetum x litoralc was 

Pat could not confirm the hybrid), and admiration of a nearby marshmallow {Althaea 
officinalis), beer was enjoyed by some, and fish and chips by others, at the deserxedly- 
popular Pilot Inn. After lunch we drove through Dymchurch to Park Wood (61 047363), 
part of a stretch of acid woodland intersected by small streams on the low cliffs that 
bounded Romney Marsh before it was drained. After admiring Equisetum telmahia at the 
roadside, and Polystichum setiferum and Asplenium scolopendrium suggestive of some 
basic enrichment beside a small tributary rill, we struck upstream for a feast of woodland ferns 

- Athyrium fili.x-tcmiiht. Drvopuri* fili.x-mas, D. dilatata, several probable D. qffinis subsp. 
borreri, an undoubted D. xcomplcxa with shiin . rippled fronds, the right sort of basiscopic 
pinnules (and, as subsequently checked, about 70% of the spores aborted and misshapen), 
more P. setiferum and A. scolopendrium and a few rich colonies ol Bh i hnum spicant - not 
to mention Pteridium aquilinum. The party was persuaded, reluctantly, to turn back and 
head downstream. Passing a polypody that was unanimously (three out of three voters) 
declared to be Polypodium interjection, and further examples of D. xcomple.xa, we found 
what Paul had saved for last - a single but utterly unmistakeable Polystichum aculeatum. 
Sated by eighteen pteridophytes, we descended on Paul's most hospitable and generous friends 
Hilary and Charles Sell for a sumptuous tea and leisurely reflections on a very rewarding day. 

Great Comp Garden, Crouch, and Patrick Acock's house, St Mary Cray, Kent 

- 29 October Paul Ripley 

Sixteen members (and a seventeenth joined us later) met at Great Comp, near Borough Green. 
Kent (51/633567). This six-acre garden, with its creative 'ruins' is very largely the creation 
of the owner Roderick Cameron and his late wife. Mr Cameron kindly gave us a brief 
history. They bought the house in 1971; the previous owner had been a Miss Maxwell, a 
redoubtable lady, founder of the English Women's Hockey and Cricket Associations and 
gentian enthusiast, who died while collecting specimens in Switzerland at the age of 90. 
The gardens are a pleasing mixture of interlinked gardens, in the English style, set amid a 
variety of specimen trees. Ferns are grown in a number of beds, especially around the 
'ruins'. Particularly impressive were well grown Cyrton urn falcatum, a tine Dryopteris 
wallichiana, an attractive Polypodium cambru urn variety ('Pulcherrimum' or 'Williams'?) 
and a number of As[ hum varieties. 

Pat and Grace Acock had very kindly offered to provide lunch, so we moved to their house 
. Patrick has a unique collection of horsetails, but also a 
interesting plants. Cheilanthes acrostica, Asplenium (Ceterach) 
: beautiful P. omeiense caught my eye. Pat has created 
, which enables a very wide range of 
i very fine book of pressed fern fronds 




from New Zealand, brought by Jonathan Bryant, and some slide presentations. Pat showed 
slides from the BPS 'Feast in the East' trip to New England, and ferns from the Alps on the 
border between France and Italy. Paul Ripley showed a taster of the ferns of Reunion, 
where a BPS meeting is scheduled for October 2006, and Howard Matthews presented 
some particularly fine photographs taken on a recent visit to Iceland. 
We are very grateful to many members who brought ferns and plants to give away, but 
particularly to Grace and Pat Acock for organising such a successful day and for providing 
us with wonderful and extremely generous hospitality. 

EAST ANGLIA 

Indoor Meeting, Lowestoft, Suffolk - 22 January Rosemary Stevenson 

A large group of 23 members and friends met at midday in the home of Gill and Bryan 
Smith and were soon enjoying one of Gill's splendid lunches. 

Our guest speaker was Martin Rickard, a past President of the BPS. He regaled us with a host 
of interesting and amusing anecdotes about members he has known from the time he joined 
the Society in 1967 up to the present day. His talk was illustrated with slides mainly taken 
during fern meetings both in the UK £ 



aving Betty Dyce \ 



folded. He expressed the delight we all felt at 

With the help of Martin's slides and his humorc 

at last to put faces to the countless familiar BPS names from the 1960s and '70s through to 

more recent times, and to learn the parts they have played as the Society has evolved. 

During our visit we were able to admire Gill and Bryan's fern collection, both in the garden 

and indoors, as well as the many ferny artefacts decorating the house. Martin had also 

brought a collection of interesting fern-related items. His wonderful New Zealand fern 

albums with their intricately inlaid native-wood covers - one by the famous Seuffert firm - 

took pride of place, while a curiosity was a collection of Horticultural Medals won by 

t.J. Lowe, the Victorian writer on ferns. 

Our thanks go to Gill and Bryan Smith and Martin Rickard for giving us all such a 
thoroughly enjoyable day. 

Aldeburgh, Suffolk - 24 May 



t The Exotic C 



i Company's 



u ""' CII,b ana P alms th ere was less extensive than i 

We moved to the car park at the edge of the RSPB N 

inland from Thorpeness Mere. A delightful walk i 

area with wetter carr. Adding a wider interest to the usual dry land flora were Corydalis 

STd T M0ntia ^ 0liata - ^ were interested to note how the ubiquitous bracken's 

spnng development had varied according to its site. In the sheltered woodland the fronds 

most Zn h u ' u h,1St S ° me ° n the less P rotected P athwa y had been frost-bitten. In the 

most open and coldest heathland parts, the croziers were still judiciously only at ground level. 

smLT 11 ° bjeCt ° f ° Ur SCarCh ' 0smmd <* regalis, eluded us. Although it has not been seen 
imDenetLhl 11 ' ^^u 611 ^ fa ** ' 98? St0rm ' h COuld we " «® *»vrve, hidden < SUCh " ^ 

sr b a b j r : re now - A wmter visit ' ^ **** ^^ ^^ the vegetation ' 

S2L punting time. However, we found some good specimens of Dryopteris 



After a picnic lunch, we repaired to a coastal strip north of Aldeburgh known as The Haven 
(62/466579), a recorded site for Ophioglos.sum vulgatum. I he plant duh obliged, found m a 
grassy sward to the west of the road but not on the very dry opposite side b> the shingle 
beach. On the beach were clumps of the later flowering yellow horned-poppy and sea pea. 
We concluded our excursion with a visit to the Ladybird Nursery in Snape. 

Flordon Common and North Walsham, Norfolk - 25 June Tim Pyner 

Flordon Common (62/181974), south-west of Norwich, is an SSSI managed by South 
Norfolk District Council and comprises open fen and broad-leaved woodland. Nine 
members gathered at this interesting site on a cloudy and unseasonably chilly day. Our 
group was shown around the site by the wardens, Pat and Janet Neagle, who explained the 
management regime, which is predominant!) In cattle grazing \lthough pteridological 
interest was limited, the overall flora was impressive. Orchids were common. mamK 
southern marsh but also common spotted, heath spotted, bee orchids and marsh hcllcborinc 
Adder' s-tongue (Ophioglossum vulgatum) has been recorded in the past and was (fall) re- 
found by a sharp-eyed member. The only other pteridophyte present was marsh horsetail 
(Etjuisctumpalustiv). which occurs throughout the site. Barrie Stevenson spotted a swallowtail 
butterfly perched on a southern marsh orchid, which caused a lot ofexcitemenl as apparent!) it 
has not been seen here before. Probably due to the cold conditions, it remained on the orchid 
for some time, opening and closing its wings, allowing everyone to take photographs. 
After a picnic lunch, we drove to the garde Ponder in North w alsham 

Despite being near the north coast of Norfolk. Lionel has created a haven tor exotic and 
tender plants. The garden is protected by high hedges that help create a ver\ sheltered 
microclimate. Palms, bananas, carinas and agaves were prominent and remain outside over 
winter. Lionel has created an amazing fernery, which is watered by an overhead spray 
system that he has designed and constructed. Despite being under conifers in a very dry part 
of the country, the ferns are thriving. It certainly demonstrates the importance of irrigation 
when growing ferns in inhospitable areas such as East Anglia. Several large Dicksonia 
antarctica were prominent and the more common ferns such as Dryopteris at fin is and 
/ > wallichiana were very large. Amongst these ferns, nice examples of rarer species such 
Polystichum richardii and P tfenophylhm occurred. One corner had a large colony of 
Cystopteris bulbifera, with a large specimen of Woodwardia radicans in a container nearby. 
Other interesting ferns that I noticed included Woodwardia fimbriata, Matteuccia orientalis 
and a large clump of Lastreopsis glabella. Lionel and friends provided a delicious tea for 
the group. The memory of his extraordinary garden will remain with me for a long time. 

Chalkney Wood, near Earls Colne and Beth Chatto's Gardens and Nursery, 
Elmstead Market, Essex - 24 September Marie & Geoffrey Winder 

It is ten years since our group last met at Chalkney Wood (52/871273). This time members 
of the South-East Group joined us. Reports tell us that this ancient 81 hectare (200 acre) 
deciduous wood south of the river Colne, transected by a Romano-British road, remained 
much the same in shape and area from medieval times until the 1950s when two thirds of the 
wood was felled and planted with conifers. This area has since been restored t 
woodland. The topsoils are a mixture of sand and loess in varying p 
We entered the wood from the small road forming its south-west boundary. In this area in 
particular, which was not replanted in the 1950s, there were many lime trees, including the 
small-leaved lime (Tilia cordate); other trees in the wood included hornbeam, sweet 
chestnut; silver birch, oak and elm. We saw large trees that had been coppiced in the past 
but few signs of recent work. In the undergrowth were brambles with sedges, wood sorrel, wood 
rush, teasel, dock etc. Dryopteris affinis subsp borreri, D. dilatata (both on the woodland floor 



and on rotting tree stumps), D.filix-mas, D. carthusiana and Athyrium filix-femina were foi 
in places but not in vast numbers. Probable hybrids between Dryopteris carthusiana ; 
D. dilatata (D. x deweveri) were suspected in some places where the appropriate parent spec 
grew in proximity to each other. In the north-east of the wood there were moister areas, so 
obviously acidic, as bracken (Pteri other 'indicator' plants were grow 

there. Equisetum arvense was found in a few places. Around midday we made our way ak 
the Roman road and joined the footpath back to the entrance and our cars. 




Chalkney Wood, Earls Colne, Essex 

Jack Hubert, Paul Ripley, Maggie Kilcoyne, Howard Matthews, Lesley Williams, 

Patrick Acock, Graham Ackers, Gerry Downey, Karen Munyard, Jennifer Ide, 
Steve Munyard, Tim Pyner, Geoffrey & MarieWinder, Peter Clare, Peter Tindley, 
Vivien Green, Barrie Stevenson, Gill Smith, Rosemary Stevenson, Bryan Smith 

After a picnic lunch, we drove to Beth Chatto's gardens and nursery at Elmstead Market. In 
front or the nursery is the gravel garden, a very dry, well drained area receiving no water other 
than the average 20 inches annual rainfall and planted with drought-loving plants such as 
am, kniphofias, verbascums, flowering grasses, ballota, lavandula and santolina. 
Very interesting, but devoid of ferns. The main gardens follow a shallow hollow or valley, in 
which a small stream has been dammed to form ponds. Moisture-loving plants such as 

unnera tinctoria and the ferns Matteuccia struthiopteris, Onoclea sensibilis and Osmunda 
regalis grow especially well along the edges of these ponds. Higher up the sides, where it is 

er and perhaps more sheltered, the planting includes ferns such as varieties of Puhstichwn 

setijerum and Dryopteris filix-mos. The lower end of the garden is more wooded and this is 

-character of the planting - we could not find the good Woodwordia seen on a 

previous visit but Tim Pyner told us that he had found a single specimen. Colchicum and 

and T^ ,/° l ! Um have been P^^ed in grass close to the paths leading up to the nursery 

itself off g wdl ~ ±Qy should be a fine s| g ht in a few y ears time - The nurseiy 

oners an extensive range of perennials and other plants, including a range of ferns. 
Autumn Indoor Meeting, Barrow, Suffolk - 22 October Barrie Stevenson 

jal V i s it to Marie and Geoffrey 

afternoon and evening viewing ferny images contributed by 
™ ™ a icrn bring-and-buy sale, viewing any new fern-related artefacts 
! recentl y squired and reminiscing about the year's meetings. We shall, no 



5 superb refreshments 



at traditionally round off the season. 
300 



NORTH-WEST 

Bellingham, Northumberland - 17-19 June 

We spent a remarkable weekend based at Bellingham. Alec Tate had the idea, and made the 
arrangements; Ken Trewren led us in the field. This was a joint meeting of the North- West Group 
and the Leeds and District Group, attended by 24 people. We saw some exceptional rarities 
Friday 17th Martin Rickard 

Our group of just over 20 met for lunch at the wonderful old-fashioned estate pub in the 
village of Blanchland. This was a good start but after lunch things got even better when Ken 
Trewren led us up the valley of the Beldon Burn to the site of the old mine workings at 
Beldon Shields (35/928496) where we shown a few plants of Asp/cnium scptcntrumak: 
while just a few feet away in the short turf were a few rather small plants of Botrychium 
lunaria, and locally on old masonry masses of Cystopteris fragilis. In total, after an 
enjoyable scramble, nine fern taxa were seen around the workings. 

Across the river (burn!), a few yards away, lay County Durham, a county where 
A. septentrionale is unknown. Of course we determined to find it - but failed! The aspect 
was wrong; where rock outcropped it was shady, quite unlike the sunn) rocks favoured h\ 
the forked spleenwort found on the Northumberland side of the river. However, the search 
of the Durham bank did reveal some interesting additional species, notably Gymnoi arpium 
dryopteris, Phegopteris connectilis and Equisetum sylvaticum, in total 13 different taxa. 
In the evening we retired to the centre hotel in Bellingham, where a most enjoyable group 
dinner rounded off a perfect day. 

Saturday 18th Martin Rickard 

The next morning we set off walking along the wooded valley of the Hareshaw Linn 
(35/842853), just north of Bellingham. In bright sunlight the rocky stream provided a most 
attractive setting for a good range of 1 8 ferns and fern allies. Of interest were Phegopteris 
connectilis. Oyn ■■■ and Ken Trewren found 

gametophytes of Trichomanes speciosum, but curiously only one subspecies of Diyopteris 
affinis viz. borreri. The target of the morning's excursion was to see Asplenium 
trichomanes subsp. pachyrachis var. trogyense (synonym A. c.ikii subsp. trogyense). 
Eventually we found it in abundance at the foot of an overhanging sandstone cliff by the 
side of the main waterfall. Trogyense' was first discovered in 1872 hundreds of miles away 
in Monmouthshire on Cas Trogy by ; 
mortared walls elsewhere i 
knowledge. How could it also be here? A further complication is that the site is a rock cliff 
of a type of sandstone, although apparently lime-rich. We mused over the ecology of this 
fascinating site before walking back to the cars wondering where 'Trogyense' will turn up next. 
After lunch, we drove back past the hotel up the valley towards Kielder before turning off 
onto forestry roads. We finally arrived at a steep wooded site by the side of the Chirdon 
Burn (35/747815) where Ken Trewren showed us the very uncommon horsetail. Equisetum 
x trachyodon. It was scattered in the long grass and bushes by the side of the river in a site 
that must be inundated in times of flood. This was not an easy area to move about in and 
midges were abundant, but with time on our side some of us set off alongside the river to 
see what else we might find. It was quite a ferny site with 16 ferns and allies recorded, none 
of great significance but it was pleasing to see Phegopteris connectilis, Gymnocarpium 
dryopteris and Dryopteris carthusiana for the second time that day. Shady rocks by Jerry's 
Linn, a wonderful waterfall, were searched for Trichomanes rpeciosum gametophytes 
without success. In contrast to the morning we found two subspecies of Dryopteris affinis - 
affinis and cambrensis, but no borreril 



Despite the unpromising nature of the terrain for filmy ferns we were told of rumours of 
Hymenophyllum tunbrigense growing nearby. Tempted, we drove about a mile down another 
forest track. We found the rocks (35/733838) but most were rather sunny and we failed to 
find the filmy fern. It might be there, but we rather doubt it; the record was only a rumour. 
It is often worth following up old records; even when you fail with the main object, nice 
surprises can occur. Our surprise here fell to Robert Sykes who found a strong colony of 
perhaps eight plants of Blechnum spicant Tmbricatum' sheltering under a rock. This is a 
pretty little fern with four-inch long, somewhat leathery fronds and densely packed, 
overlapping pinnae. The last plant I saw of anything similar was found by Nigel Hall in 
Snowdonia in the 1970s. A very fitting climax to the day. 
Sunday 19th 

The party split into two. Some went to Deadwater Fell and some to Cragside Gardens. 
Deadwater Fell Bruce Brown 

Eleven of us elected for the high level route, but were fortunate in being allowed to drive 
cars on the well maintained forest tracks right up to the summit of Deadwater Fell at 571 
metres (35/626972). On a hot humid day the breeze up here was very welcome. The rocky 
summit edge was home to the Dryopteris species we had come to view. Alongside 
U. dilatata were D. expansa fronds, recognisable by their finer cut 'lacier' appearance, flat 
pinnule edges and uniformly pale brown rachis scales. Occasional plants, larger, 
mtermediate in appearance and with small darker areas to the rachis scales were deduced to 
oe me hybrid D. x ambroseae. Ken Trewren has previously studied these colonies and 
confirmed their identities by examination of ripe spores. 
A two-kilometre tramp over rough boggy moorland, with emerging northern eggar moths 

os^TT.T route ' brought us t0 our next locat - in wi,lia ™ cleu * h 

(35/639991), which has a colony of the rare Diphasiastrum x issleri. A bare gravelly area 
enabled us to initially spot the clubmoss, but its main growth was seen to be in the 
!wS ! u ° Ver ^ 3rea ° f ar0Und ten metres st l uared < and with lots of cones 
metrt I 8 ^ ° f ° W ^ S ° me Hu P erzia sela Z° was also P resent and aboUt 5 ° 

metres away was a colony of D. alpinum, which allowed comparisons to be made. 
Superficially the diphasiastrums appear similar; one has to look out for slight differences 

^S^^S a ,ess 8laucous ' more yellowy green appearance and 

Lrra a re° s therr0U8h ^ ^ * *" ^ but We Were P leased to have been able t0 ^ 
these rare spec.es growing well in their bleak environment. Thank you Ken. 

orr h e ott ardens MartiMartin 

Tmst e 46/ oT^7«f ^ ^^ S ° far ' eight member s visited Cragside Gardens (National 
given u 1 f 1 WCre mCt by the Head Gardener > And rew Sawyer, who had kindly 
g-en up his Sunday morning to show us part of the gardens of particular ferny interest. 
Andrew led us to thf. t™ t 

which k ^t,,..i ■ ! P 3Ce m the Formal Garden and into the Tropical Fernery, 

1920s and Te 1 ^.^ not under glass, the glasshouse having been removed in the 
found a well keTv UP l ° g,VC the atmos P h ere 

1 wel1 ke P l ro <*ery and members r 

eckloniana, myriophylla, sieberi 
hem monthly seaweed feed and i 
^LT h ^ W ah l Sh0Wed - ^optens sieboldii, which he a.,, 
ice contrast of youn rld'frnn"! ^ °\ Blechnum Penna-marina subsp. alpina, 



rested in Adiantumaieuncui 
Cheilanthes, namelv aZO^"""" ^ Dryo P teris """ichiana. We noted a number 
planted out in rw a f eat '»" hvl/a, sieberi and tomentos 

<— co id ^X^Z^T'™ — ^ « ^ «"> " 



st the green of the other ferns. 



In the Temperate Fernery, a winding path through rock gullies (also outside), Andrew 
showed us Woodsia ilvensis, and told us of the problems they had in dying to keep plant 
damage to a minimum, as this area was very popular with children climbing on the rocks. 
He patiently answered our multitude of questions and was verj helpful and knowledgeable 
in identifying plants, as there were no plant labels; since they removed visible labelling, 
y reduced. 



By midday, the heat was searing, and having thanked Andrew for generously giving i 
time (and some cuttings!), we checked our watches against the sundial and sought shac 
lunch. We split up to go our separate ways, with some going on to visit Alnwick Castle ga 

Leek Beck Head, South Cumbria - 9 July 

Leek Beck Head SSSI is about s 
moorland overlies Carboniferous 1 

designated open a 

After meeting at Bull Pot Farm (34/662814). now caving club premises. 15 of us walked 
south, passing Dryoptehs filix-mas and Athyrium filix-Jcmma. A couple of pothole openings 
revealed Polystichum aculeatum and Cystoptchs tragilis. with Dnoptcns dihitahi and 
Blechnum spicant growing in the peaty soil above the limestone. A limekiln gave us 
Asplenium trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens. Once down in the \ alley of I .use Gill, with its 
dry waterfall and high tree-shaded rock walls, we came across A. ruta-muraria, 
A. scolopendrium, more A. trichomanes, plenty of Po/ysrichnni uciih-amiu and Polypodium 
mtcr/cctum. The h 




e at Leek Beck Head, Cumbria 

Thelma Tate, Frances Haigh, Alison Evans, Martin Harrison, 
Barry Colville, Alec Tate, Joan Hindle, Peter Campion 

Next came a short scramble through plentiful robust ft .? was cunningly 

hiding some large rocks. Nearby exposed areas of limestone gave us our first Asplenium viride 
and Gymnocarpium robertianum. We wandered up the beck examining the frequent low cliffs, 
which gave us plenty more of the limestone-loving ferns already seen and also Polypodium 
vulgare. The delicate fronds of Cystopteris fragil 'is were particularly abundant. Amongst an 



Our way now passed through vigorous stands of Oreopteris limbosperma and Dryopteris affinis 
with some D.filix-mas, D. dilatata and Murium filix-femma. Despite scrutinising several 
*— — i didn't feel that we could identify Dryopteris carthusiana for certain. 



Eventually v 



c scenery with a waterfall dropping i 



outlet. Nearby was a good show of purple-flowered Pinguicula vulgaris 
:her short climb led us to the bridge where we would leave the valley but not 
betore we had found Selaginella selaginoides, quite easily spotted because of its small yellowy 
concv in a wet area by the beck. On the far side of the bridge were several examples of crested 

; 




North-West Group at Leek Beck, Cumbria 

miry Colvaie Denise Copson, Michael Hayward, Roy Copson, Alec & Thelma Tate, 
Melville Thomson, Chns Evans, Bruce Brown, Martin Harrison, 
Alison Evans (& Bracken), John Grue, Joan Hindle, Peter Campion 

ZZlZ\ md MiChad ^^ to d ^ed ^ search for Pkegopteris conned 

^i^^^^^Z^^ of Bul1 Pou on the descent 
iw^t^r^ to Bany wnght > wh - e «***« - i987 ^ me the 
^^xiL^tro^r" we failed to find the Huperzm sdago ** 

Eskdale and Wasdale, South Cumbria - 6 August Mike Porter 

CendTe 5 S^^^ «?*" NOrth " WeSt ^ ^ Gr ° UPS ' °"S 
*e fern sites of this western ? * ^ bUt impr ° ving mommg t0 l0 ° k * "**? 

of the day is ,!1T? COmer ° f the Lake Dist nct- Milkingsteads Wood, our first site 
attractive mi ^ of T ^ * ** ab ° Ve Sea level - the middle of Eskdale and is an 

mix of boggy woodland and steep craggy outcrops 
Entering the wood we „ n a 
Cumbria in early JaZ" * ^ ^ damage Caused ** the g a,es that had ^ 

V January, access to one of the best crags being obstructed by fallen trees. 



However, we quickly found two of the species for which the wood is well known - 
Hymenophyllum tunbrigense and H. wilsonii. These two filmy ferns have an interesting 
distribution in Cumbria, H. wilsonii being widespread, particular!) in the Lake District", 
while, apart from a recently discovered site in the far north of the county, H. tunbrigense is 
more or less confined to Eskdale, where it is frequent. The two grow close together on crags 
at this lower end of Milkingsteads Wood but elsewhere in the wood H. tunbrigense is much 
the more common. There was considerable opportunity to compare the round, toothed 
indusium of H. tunbrigense with the more oval, untoothed indusium of H. wilsonii. but our 
investigations revealed nothing suggesting hybridisation between the two. We now 



aemula. The scarcity of this plant in Cumbria (there are only four sites) is puzzling since n 
often thrives in damp westerly woodland of which Cumbria has an abundance. 
Milkingsteads Wood has long been known as the home of this fern but of late its numbers 
have been much reduced with only a handful of plants growing in a gully on a craggy 
buttress. However, a few more plants had been found shortly before this meeting and others 
were discovered during the meeting itself, growing close together on the same crag© 
buttress and appearing to be in good health and, encouragingly, of varying ages. 




Other ferns seen during the morning included U 
Dryopteris dilatatu. I) tilix-mas. D. affmis (subspp. qffin, 
limbosperma, Phegoptehs conneetilis. PolypoJiwn inlet 
Ptehdiu 



Lunch was taken, according to taste, either by the cars or in the handily-placed King George 
IV, after which the group moved on to Cumbria's best Pilularia globulifera site, Flass Tarn 
in Wasdale (35/129034). This site also provides a mystery in that, for some years, Pilularia 
has thrived in either the main tarn or in a subsidiary pool a short distance away, never in 
both. At a visit made to this spot in 2002 most of the Pilularia was in the subsidiary pool 
with the main tarn seeming to have lost most of its plants as a result of the dense growth of 
Carex rostrata. However, on this occasion the main tarn held an excellent colony growing 
densely all the way round the edges, in some places almost forming a sward. Any hopes that 
the same situation would apply in the subsidiary pool were swiftly dashed when it was 
found that the pool itself had disappeared, leaving only a slightly damp hollow! Our hopes 



rams and that the Pih 

Our last site of the day, Greendale I" 

stunning views of The Screes plung 

Lycopodiella inundata at its secon 

suggested numbers might be increasing but only slowly. The signs are encouraging 

nevertheless, as Greendale Mires is extremely wet and its community of scarce and 

Hypericum elodes) seems unlikely to suffer any disturbance. 

Additional ferns seen during the afternoon included Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, A. ruta- 




North-West Group at Wasdale 

Back: Ann Robbins, Chris Evans, Mike Porter, Ann Haskins, 
Next ww: Alison Evans, Bruce Brown, Alec Tate, Geoff Wilkins 

Next row: Joan Hindle, Thelma Tate, John & Anne Grue, 
front: Barry & Anne Wright, Melville Thomson, Julia Wilkins 

Hawkshead, South Cumbria - 3 September Joan Hindle 

a^i^udJd^i^J "n^^ ° f habltatS led by ^ late husband Peter in 1998 - ^ 

200 metre, R fi^u- ' * church y ard ' woodland and open fellside up to a height of 

«. KamtalJ is high and the soils mainly acid. Fourteen members attended. 

In the churchyard, member, w «v» ;„- * j ■ , * i^* 

were crested and th SOim 

Profaon as previously. We ascended .he fairiy s,eep woodland path seeing Dryop<eris 

306 



dilatata. Oreopteris limhosperma, and Dryopteris affinis. Higher up. ( 
was very much to the fore, but interest was centred on the Blcdmum s 
found that were crested on both fertile and sterile fronds. Phegoptei 
represented, but only one specimen of Asplenium scolopcndrium was 
Lunch was taken at Goosey Foot Tarn (34/338970), man-made and very 
around it. On exploring, members found Dryopteris carthusiana. 
fluviatile and E. arvense. Moving to further woodland (34 353967) t 
dryopteris and Phegopteris connectilis close together. Here three member negotiated the steep 

ravine and crossed the stream to examine P< >, i v// lk u cuam grow mg u ell on the tar bank 

On our way back to Hawkshead we admired the garden walls covered with Potypodtum 
vulgare. We went on to Ann and Barry Colville's home. In their beautiful garden they have 
a number of ferns, notably a magnificent BLxhmtm \picant and (hnnnhla rcgalis growing 
by a stream, but sadly the fine patch of Lycopodium clavatum, which until recently grew in 
their lawn, has shrivelled and appears dead. We partook of a scrumptious tea for which we 
were most grateful. The weather had been perfect and we had had a most enjoyable day. 

Annual General Meeting, Holehird, South Cumbria - 6 October Robert Sykes 

We always mingle our - not very onerous - business, with pleasure, and spend an enjoy able 
day in the members' room at Holehird (the garden of the Lake District Horticultural 
Society), listening to lectures, buying off the plant stall, admiring the exhibits in the 
competition and generally talking ferns. Forty-one attended this year many more and we 
must find a new venue! Among other displays. Alec Greening, a new member, brought 
some fronds from his garden for identification and Mike Hayward showed us the admirable 
tryptich he had made for the Southport Flower Show. 

We were delighted this year to hear Clive Jermy talk about 'European Ferns'. He is against 
the stamp-collecting school of fern hunting. So to help us understand why things grow 

the palaeogeography of Europe, and the work of Irene Manton and her successors on the 
genetics of fern evolution. Only then were we allowed to see his excellent slides of ferns 
and their 'allies' (notably Isoetes species), and the often unpromising places where they 
grow. He compressed a vast amount of material into a small compass, but it was very clear, 
skilfully pitched to our level and well illustrated. We were left hoping that (after completing 
his current work on sedges, and seeing a new edition of The Illustrated Field Guide through 
the press), he would write a popular account of the natural history of ferns. 
In the afternoon Sally Beamish, the head gardener at Ruskin's old home Brantwood, across the lake 
from Coniston, gave us an illustrated talk on Pteridomania. She surveyed the historic uses made 
of ferns and then looked at the Victorian Fern Craze, from Francis's seminal Analysis of the 
British Ferns in 1837 through Wardian cases and the avid collection (sometimes depredation) 
of ferns, to the formation of our Society at the rum of the century. She finished by showing 
slides of some of the gardens that were influenced by the craze and are still in existence. 
Jack Garstang judged the two fern classes for an indoor fern and a hardy fern; Ken Trewren won 
them both! Mike Porter, last year's winner, set the competition, which was won by Frances Haigh. 
Many of us took the opportunity to enjoy the National Collection of polystichums. assembled 
and still cared for by Cynthia Kelsall (though she admitted she is in her 80th year and put in 
a plea for a successor). The 'Drueryi' is looking particularly fine, with several large fronds 
and a little enclosure to protect it from the rabbits. 
Our grateful thanks to the speakers, and to all those who quietly 
delightful day. 



BOTANICAL CORNWALL GROUP 

As with 2004, 2005 again saw a varied selection of field meetings covering all parts of 
the county. Other groups, including the Wild Flower Society and Plantlife, also 
organised meetings in which the Botanical Cornwall Group (BCG) and its members took 
part. Meetings from October 2005 through to the early part of 2006 were organised to 
search for the older records of rarer fern species as part of the Cornwall Rare Plant 
Register Project. The following is a brief rundown of the more notable fern records on 
meetings. 



This meeting was organised by BCG for Plantlife members. A large group met at Windmill 
Farm, a Cornwall Wildlife Trust and Cornwall Bird-Watching and Preservation Society 
joint nature reserve, a former farm now managed for wildlife. Several new ponds and 
scrapes had been created and only a year before Pilularia globulifera appeared in one 
scrape. The aim of the morning was to see if Pilularia could be seen here. Ruan Pool, a 
historical site for Pilularia, had had a thick layer of vegetation scraped off the previous 
autumn (with funding from Plantlife), and it was hoped that the scraped ground and muddy 
margins could be searched for any re-appearing Pilularia. Unfortunately, the water level in 
Ruan Pool was too high, and the scrape had become covered with a thick soup of algae, so 
both places proved a blank! 

In the afternoon the group met at the National Trust car park at Kynance Cove, with the aim 
of exploring the classic Lizard site for nationally rare plants, including Isoetes histrix. This 
was found in abundance on thin soils on the British Village slope (10/687138). Other 
species of note included some very interesting forms of Asplenium adian 
growing on Serpentine rocks at Lawarnick Pit (10/682134) and A. marinum at the same site. 
The group then went on to Lizard Point, and in a Cornish hedge several fine clumps of 
A. obovatum subsp. lanceolatum were located on the west side of the road near the old 
lighthouse (10/7031 16). 

Pennance Point (10/8030) and Pendennis Point and Castle, Falmouth (10/8231) - 
25 May 

Seven people met at Swanpool car park to do a circular walk around Pennance Point, 
with the aim of locating Melittis melissophyllum (bastard balm) and other rare species. 
The coastal path, shaded by the hardy coastal sycamore, ash and oak, was very ferny 
with Dryopteris filix-mas, D. dilatata and Asplenium adiantum-nigrum mingling with 
other woodland plants growing right up to the cliff edge. Bastard balm was located in a 
very atypical site for the species - on the edge of a low cliff where a small seepage 
emitted onto a wave-cut platform with small plants of Osmunda regalis in the crevices. 
In the afternoon the group met in the car park of Pendennis Castle, which has a fine 
vantage point of the whole of Falmouth Bay and beyond. By now the weather had 
cleared to a gloriously warm and sunny day and in idyllic conditions we searched for 
spring vetch {Vicia lathyroides) at its only known Cornish site. 1 his was found exactly 
where it had first been seen in the 1990s, on the stone ramparts of the fortification. These 
stone walls also had a very good fern flora with the typical species of this type of habitat 
m Cornwall being found, namely Asplenium ruta-muraria, A. adiantum-nigrum, 
Ascohpendrium and the small wall forms of Polypodium interjectum and Dryopteris 
us type of habitat can so often be lost when walls are re-pointed or cleaned, 
so it was good to see that English Heritage had not been too zealous in their management 



Coombe Valley (21/2111) and Duckpool (21/2011), north of Bude - 12 June 

The main aim of this meeting was to survey the woodland area for a good range of species. 
Coombe Valley is the only site that is regarded as native for monk's-hood (Aconitum 
napellus) in Cornwall; it was found in two places beside the river and proved to be the 
native subspecies. The valley also proved to be rich in fern species, with Blecfmum spicant, 
Dryopteris aemula, D. dilatata. D.filix-mus. D. affhiis subspp. ufthus and horrcri growing 
along the heathy rides. In marshy areas just inland from Duckpool. Equisetum palustrc and 
Osmunda regalis were seen, both species new to the site. A nice group of Asplenium ruiu- 
muraria and A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens plants on King William's Bridge Mkk\\ 



Stara Woods (20/2874), south-west of Launceston - 25 June 

With permission from the owner to record in Stara Woods in the Lynher Valley, eight 
members descended down the steep wooded valley just north of Treo\ is (20 283740). On 
the shaded walls some plants of Potystichum setiferum "Divisilobum" were examined. It 

natural garden; they could easily have been naturally occurring plants. Further along, 
past much 'normal' P. scar. i and \er\ large-fronded Dryopteris 
dilatata, we reached the small stream. On one section of the stream, where it had eroded 
the soft rock below a hard rock layer, a small but steep waterfall and plunge pool of 
about 30 feet high had formed. This feature had created ideal humid conditions, 
hopefully, for filmy-ferns and after a little search. r, mbrigense was 
indeed found on the rock sides with some large-fronded Dryopteris aemula plants. The 
lower, steeper part of the waterfall was explored by two of the group who managed to 
clamber down the slippery rocks and discovered huge sheets of H. tunbrigeme on the 
dripping rock-face that the stream had created. Although this species is found in similar 
habitats only a few miles to the 






: on the edge of Bodmin 


Moor, this was a completely 




site, and not in the granite 




s where it is usually seen. 


Not 


knowing what we might 


find. 


we wound our way along 


the 


stream to its confluence 


\\ ith 


the River Lynher. Further 


cxpl, 


Dration of the moderately 


high 


riverside cliffs, rich in 


bryophytes, Athyrium filix- 


femi 


na and P. setiferum 




but \ 


vas not seen), revealed yet 




■ patches of//, tunhrigense 


Jenny Bousfield, who had 



years before but hadn't 
recognised it. Further searches 
for H. tunbrigeme in the Lynher 
Valley planned for 2006 may 



and Southdown Quarry (20/4352), near Plymouth - 23 July 

Five members met at Millbrook on a wet and misty day. The aim of the meeting was to 
record the species associated with the less acid conditions associated with Devonian rocks 
in this part of Cornwall (which also contain small areas of Devonian Limestone). One of the 
areas to search was Southdown Quarry, a site of some interesting casual, alien and rare 
Cornwall natives, including the only site in Cornwall for narrow-leaved bird's-foot-trefoil 
{Lotus glaber). The quarry is extensive with a steep cliff or quarry-face. Over the years the 
scrub has encroached and vegetation increased, especially grey willow (Salix cinerea subsp. 
oleifolia) and bramble (Rubus agg.). At the time of our visit the scrub had been partially 
cleared, including much at the back of the quarry-face. It was because of this clearance that 
a most unexpected find was made - huge masses oiAdiantum capillus-veneris all along the 
seepage area at the base of the cliff! Even for such a well-botanised quarry one can 
understand how the plants have been growing undetected for many years. It is the first 
record of a naturally occurring site for the species in 20/45; another colony was previously 
recorded on a damp cellar wall in Saltash. 

Crowdy Reservoir (20/1483) and Rough Tor (20/1480), Bodmin Moor - 31 July 

Eleven members met at Crowdy Reservoir in mist and rain with the aim of recording 
flowering plants, ferns and bryophytes. The previous meeting held for recording bryophytes 
at Rough Tor was a complete washout, so it was hoped that the weather this time would be 
better for the bryologists! The morning was spent exploring the margins of the reservoir and 
adding to the species list for the tetrad. Before the reservoir was created in the 1960s the 
bog, now submerged, had a population of bog orchid (Hammarbya paludosa) and it was 
hoped that this might have survived in small areas of bog around the edge. None were seen 
but on the edges of runnels large populations of oblong-leaved sundew (Drosera 
intermedia) and white beak-sedge {Rhynchospora alba) were present and the habitat was 
thought to be ideal for the orchid given a later survey date. It was a little late to look for 
Botrychium lunaria (last seen here in 1973) and we felt that even if it were present it would 
not have survived the myriad grazing sheep! Much of the unfenced grassy areas around the 
> a bowling green. Another visit in the spring may well be 



successful. However, 



1 Equisetum fluviatile a 



The 

highest peak at 400 metres and a classi 

fissured faces. On 

wilsonii and 



after a short walk to Rough Tor, Cornwall's second 

lassie granite tor with plenty of crevices and sheer 

faces and in between the clitter, both Hymenophyllum 

mbrigense were found in some abundance, and a few plants of Dryopteris 

.urvivea at the base of some of the more sheltered rocks. Blechnum spicant is 

here but despite searching, no plants of Huperzia selago - seen in previous years - 



i be located. 



Yeolmbridge (20/3187), near Launceston - 27 August 

Yeolmbridge lies within the VC4 (North Devon) part of Cornwall, and this meeting was 

notebl t0 ^^ ^ add reC ° rdS t0 thC tCtrad in Which h lies ( 20/38D >- The m ° St 
nota e area for ferns seen were walls at Yeolmbridge associated with the bridge itself 
f ce erach, A. ruta-miutn ,,/. A. trirhomaiu^ Mih-,p inmAnvnii-m, A. adiantum- 

nigrum, A. scolopendrium and small plants of Dryopteris filix-mas and Polvpodium 
internum all flounshed on the secdon at 20/318874, and this selection is about as rich for 
terns as it gets for a wall in Cornwall. 



SCOTLAND 

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh - 5 March Frank McGavigan 

(Participants: Senga Bremner, Adrian Dyer, Andy Ensoll, Mary Gibby, Tim Godfrey, Meter 
Kastelein, Frank McGavigan, Heather McHaffie, ( teofl Stevenson Mike Taylor, Alastair Wardlaw.) 
Andy Ensoll had apparently expressed surprise that we should want to visit the RBGE again 
but his huge collection of ferns there is so magnificent that I suspect that some of us would 
be happy to visit every week. He began by taking us on a tour of some of the exotic ferns 
that had been risked outside. Cyathea dregei plants were well wrapped up against winter 
cold and wet, and also, surprisingly, protected from the sun with white, reflective plastic 
'hats'. Lophosoria quadripinnata was happily surviving its sixth winter outdoors with no 
protection at all. Even more astonishingly, Todea barbara was completely unscathed after 
its first winter outside. Remember this is Edinburgh, not renowned for its balmy climate. 
Under glass, where warmer temperatures are guaranteed, the collection of ferns is 
breathtaking. Breathtaking indeed, for throughout our visit we were breathing in the 
proliferation of spores as they floated down from the tree-ferns. Not just the usual 
Dicksonia antarctica, D. squarrosa, D. fibrosa, Cyathea medullaris (now there's a 
breathtaking fern) and its fellow New Zealander C. dealbata, with Culcita macrocarpa 
from nearer home in south-west Europe and Macaronesia, but rarities such as Dicksonia 
arborescens with crispy fronds from St Helena (and in fact the type species of the genus). 
Cyathea brownii (Sphaeropteris excelsa) from Norfolk Island, Sphaeropteris glauca 
{Cyathea contaminant - aren't these names a nuisance?) from South-East Asm. Cibothm 
glaucum and C. chamissoi, both from Hawaii, Calochlaena villosa from South-East Asia. 
Marattia fraxinea from Africa, Madagascar and other Palaeotropical areas, the giant 
horsetail Equisetum myriochaetum from Central and South America, and that most 



magnificent 


tern Tin 


rsopteris elega 


the ones that 


caught i 


ny eye. 


The stipes 


and newly emerging 


croziers of 


several specimens, 


especially t 


he cibotiums, were 




i fine brown hairs so 


thick and furry that 


inevitably we 


were drawn 


to stro 


ke them. We 


always knew 


' ferns were beautiful, 


but cuddly as 


■ well - 1 


this was a new 




Protected under glass, 


the ferns do i 


notofcc 


mrse suffer all 


the depred 


attons 


they would 


experience ii 






or so we thought. 


In fact Andy 


and his tean 


i ha\e t 


o cope with a 


wide range 


of pests 


and diseases, 


including co 




es, of which I 



see no mention in my fern guide 
books. It slowly dawned that this man's 
of knowledge and experience, dedicatic 




1 hard work, and 



3 little bit of dieback here, insect 
attack there, damaging drips from a leaking roof, sloppy watering by the weekend staff. 

; nowhere more evident than behind the scenes in the propagation 



While we only saw beautiful ferns Andy ! 
attack there, damaging drips from a leaking 
This meticulousness was nowhere more evi 
and growing-on areas. Here Andy explained his spore sowing techniques - 



boiling water to guarantee sterilisation of the compost, spores sown very thinly to prevent 
overcrowding, the pot sealed in a polythene bag or cling film, a constant temperature of 
22°C with a 12 hour light (under fluorescent tubes) and 12 hour dark regime. Then, once the 
plants have developed sufficiently and acclimatised to the lower temperatures of the 
growing-on houses, they are fertilised, not occasionally as we might do, but every week. 
They are also potted-on in very free-draining compost consisting mostly of coarsely crushed 
bark to prevent overwatering. The result is too many ferns for the RBGE to cope with - but 
this meant that we benefited from some gifts of rarities before we left. A most satisfying day. 

Argyllshire - 4 June Frank McGavigan 

(Participants: Adrian & Janet Dyer, Andy Ensoll, Grant Fortune, Tim Godfrey, Amory Jewett, 
Pieter Kastelein, Frank Katzer, Frank & Linda McGavigan, Heather McHaffie, Mike Taylor, 
Alastair & Jackie Wardlaw, Maurice Wilkins.) 

In Scotland, Argyllshire is famous for its rain and midges and we certainly had plenty of 
both - umbrellas were up, anoraks leaked, and the tall figure of the BPS President swathed 
in a midge net was a sight to behold. But the ferns were good, for the soft humid climate 
makes for ideal growing conditions. 

We spent the morning at Benmore Botanic Garden (26/144855), a subsidiary of RBGE. The 
previous year Andy Ensoll had planted several exotics that he had grown from spores at 
Edinburgh and he rushed around inspecting the results of his handiwork. Despite his 
protestations that not enough time or effort had been put into the soil preparation, most were 
thriving: Blechnum novae-zelandiae, B. procerum, Paesia scaberula, all endemic to New 
Zealand, Blechnum Jluviatile and Histiopteris incisa, native to a wider area of the Southern 
Hemisphere, Blechnum chilense from Chile, Lophosoha quadripinnata from Central and 
South America, Coniogramme intermedia from eastern Asia, Dryopteris azorica and 
various Dryopteris hybrids brought back from the Azores as spores by Mary Gibby, 
Diyopteris x fraser-jenkinsii from the Iberian peninsula, and many more. Those that had 
failed to take had probably died of drought, the soil being so thin and porous that a few days 
without rain, unusual though it is, can be disastrous for newly planted specimens. 
Amory Jewett, on secondment to the garden from America, had gained permission for us to 
visit the old Victorian fernery, now in ruins and no longer containing any fern gems, but 
there are plans for its restoration, and as the Kibble Palace fernery at Glasgow Botanic 
Garden is currently being completely rebuilt, this may not just be wishful thinking. The 
Benmore fernery is situated in a wilder part of the garden with native ferns in abundance: 
Dryopteris affinis, D. aemula, Athyrium filix-femina, Oreopteris limbosperma, Phegopteris 
connectilis and Blechnum spicant, to name the most obvious. 

The rainfall eased for our afternoon visit to Puck's Glen (car park at 26/147839). This is a 
magnificent but easily accessible ravine that no fern lover should miss. Despite 
'improvements' of an earlier era most of the ferns are clearly naturalised. I have never seen 
in Britain such luxuriant 'filmies', both Hymenophyllum tunbrigense and H. wilsonii 
revelling in the moisture-laden atmosphere. Andy and Heather found yet another Trichomanes 
speciosum gametophyte site. There were epiphytic Polypodium vulgare, Dryopteris dilatata 
and, unusually, Athyrium filix-femina, all on one tree. Polys tichum aculeatum, Asplenium 
scolopendrium and A. trichomanes were present not just where the hand of man had 
introduced lime mortar but in the cliff-faces where clearly there must be some basic 
seepage. Earlier, Frank Katzer had pointed out A. adiantum-nigrum, and of course there 
were the usual acid-loving ferns: Athyrium filix-femina, Blechnum spicant, Dryopteris /'/«- 
mas, D. ajfinis, D. aemula, D. dilatata, Oreopteris limbosperma and Pteridium aquilinum. 
When we added beech fern and oak fern the tally was seventeen sporophyte species, not bad 
for a gentle afternoon's stroll. Puck's Glen is a magical place, appropriately named. 



J of Loch K\ no. which si 




Back: Maurice Wilkins, Alastair Wardlaw, Mike Taylor, J 
Tim Godfrey, Adrian Dyer, Amory Jewett (half hidden), Andy Ensoll 
Front: Heather McHaffie, Linda McGavigan. Jackie Wardlaw, 
Pieter Kastelein, Grant Fortune, Frank Katzer 



(Participants: Mary Clarkson, Roger Holme, 
Heather McHaffie, Douglas McKean, Jackie Muscon, ku 
lend of the 



Ben Lui (or Beinn Laoigh) forms the v 

across central Scotland from the better known Ben 1 



i the east. This range, with its 

continually distracted from onr task for the day - the monitoring of the known wooas p 

sites on Ben Lui for Scottish Natural Heritage, who manage the area as a namre 

SNH had gtven us a photocopy of the 1 : .0.000 map with the Wto*. * — ™| £ 

stx-ftgure grid references. Our job was to re-find **^SS 

figure GPS references, count the plants and the number of fronds, ™f^ ,e " r % h 

how many were sponng, and generally ~ ^J^^EXSmdEh,* 

. , ttn u P m ,, c h more difficult than we 
It seemed a straightforward enough task but turned out t0 ^e much ^uo re 
had anticipated. The Ciochan Crags and the ass0Ciated u St ^ Garb ^ t ^ and " re made up 
grows, stretch for almost three kt.ometres around the north ^^^""^ th P e 
of several parallel rows of cliffs stepped up the hillside an ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 
map, well, it is always d 
our GPS r 

seen it in the wild knows, W. alpit 
and is consequently hard to spot, 



of sheep, and man. And then there were all those other plants to look at. Jackie Muscott, a 
Vice-County Recorder, amazingly listed 102 flowering plants, including the rare alpine 
bartsia (plus 19 pteridophytes), in her record of the day. 

We did eventually find one of the known Woodsia sites and C. montana in several places. 
We also spotted Botrychium lunaria on a cliff ledge. I say 'we' but it was as usual Frank 
Katzer who was the first to find all of these. Also enjoying the calcareous conditions were 
Asplenium viride and Poh rfi< m onch s I dLked m among the rocks were Cystopteris 
fragilis, Gymtto and Dryopteris oreades. As 

with all the Scottish hills, there are also large swathes of acidic terrain where Athyrium filix- 
femina, Blechnum spicant, Oreopteris limbosperma, Dryopteris affinis, D. dilatata, and 
D. expansa were noted. We added Huperzia selago and Selaginella selaginoides, Equisetum 
sylvaticum, and somewhere along the way Polypodium sp. (Surprisingly, we did not see 
Cryptogramma crispa, which grows in abundance higher up Ben Lui. Presumably, being a 
calcifuge, it does not like the mica-schist scree of the Ciochan Crags.) 
So, although we only partially succeeded in our objective of monitoring the Woodsia sites, 
we had an excellent day. For once the weather was kind to us so that we were able to linger 
and enjoy the plants - both ferns and flowers - so much so, in fact, that we agreed to come 
back the following month and finish our allotted task. 

Loch Libo, Renfrewshire (26/435557) - 23 July Frank McGavigan 

{Participants: Stephen Bungard, Adrian Dyer, Andy Ensoll, Frank Katzer, Frank McGavigan, 
Heather McHaffie, Douglas McKean, Alastair Wardlaw.) 
Dryopteris cristata has been recorded f 
searches in more recent years resulting 
group were determined to settle the arg 
we found no trace despite some extensive searching,' and are now convinced that' it is no 
longer present, though of course that is impossible to prove with 100% certainty. 
Suitably kitted out in Wellingtons and waders we plunged into, not the water, but the dense 
growth that surrounds the Loch's edge and soon disappeared among the reeds and sedges 
(Phalaris arundinacea, Phragmites australis and Carex paniculata, amongst others) mixed 
with, notably, valerian, cowbane, meadowsweet, and in places common sallow. We were 
here to hunt for a two-foot-high fern among seven or eight-foot-high vegetation. This was 
not going to be an easy task and was made more difficult as we soon lost sight of each 
other, so that a systematic combing of the whole terrain may not have been achieved. 
However, we did find pteridophytes. Dryopteris dilatata was everywhere, growing from the 
grassy tussocks. Athyrium filix-femina was also present, possibly on slightly drier ground. 
There were some beautiful examples of Equisetum sylvaticum reaching a height of easily three 
feet or more among the reeds. But these are tough plants used to coping with competition. 
Other species that we would expect to find were not present, perhaps being more sensitive to 
environmental factors. We did not see the Dryopteris carthusiana that a couple of us had noted 
at this site a year earlier, nor was there any sign of Oreopteris limbosperma even though this 
was one of the ferns that Adrian Dyer had cultivated from spores in a Loch Libo soil sample 
taken m the early 1990s. If these two cannot survive what chance Dryopteris cristata? 
Since 1973, Loch Libo has been a nature reserve owned by the Scottish Wildlife Trust. As a 
result grazing on the site, which might have kept a check on the worst of the competition, has 
ceased Early maps show a different shape to the Loch, which probably means that the water 
levels have also altered. (Drainage seems to have been a factor in D cristata s demise 
elsewhere.) Have the fertility and pH changed with increased run-off of nitrogen and lime from 
nearby cultivated fields? All the lush growth would suggest a base-rich terrain, but D. cristata 



prefers acid fens. And for a fern that favours more o! ,. hat was it doing 

in the west of Scotland in the first place? There are still a lot of unanswered questions that will 
require some further research to resolve. That should keep us busy over the winter months. 

Ben Lui, Ciochan Crags (27/262274) and Stob Garbh (27/272271), Perthshire/ 
Argyllshire - 13 August Frank McGavigan 

(Participants: Frank Katzer, Frank McGavigan, David Pickett.) 

In the event only two of us could make it for the return visit, but we were joined by David 
Pickett who is the SNH Manager of the Ben Lui Nature Reserve. Was it his presence, the 
smaller group, the absence of botanists, or just the rain that spurred us on to move faster 
than on our first visit and consequently get more done? This time we found three more 
Woodsia alpina sites (and revisited the one we had been to last time), located lots of 
(vsioptcris montana, and added two more ferns < , <.v\ and A. ruta- 

murarid) and two clubmosse s "'» ) to our list. I 

can lay claim to finding one of the C. montana sites (not too difficult as this Tare- fern is 
here comparatively plentiful) but as always it was Frank Katzer who located the W. alpina. 
He claims that first you need to identify the kind of rock it likes (deeply fissured cliff faces 
where it can tuck itself under a protective overhang while still enjoying the free drainage 
that it needs). Then it is just a matter of scanning the rock face for Woodsia fronds. All I can 
say is that he must have considerably better eyesight than most of us, for the plants are often 
growing in inaccessible places, too risky to reach for a closer look. 

Indeed this whole area is not for the faint-hearted and is downright dangerous in wet and 
windy weather. The cliff faces are steep, with a lot of loose rock 
process of breaking away from the crags, sometimes in enormou 
these boulders, which had fallen several years previously and c 
further down the hillside, that we found our last Woodsia site. In fact \ 
previously by John Mitchell, who had conducted a Woodsia survey in Scotland, that he had 
recorded this site but we were please to find it for ourselves. Also on this boulder were 
Asplenium viride, A. ruta-muraria and Cystopteris fragilis - a little fern paradise. 
Later, back at the car, while we poured the water from our boots, we contemplated what a 
successful trip it had been. We had located four Woodsia sites, we had counted the number 
of fronds, taken GPS readings, photographed the locations, and contributed to Scotland's 
leading conservation body's programme for preserving this rare fern. Only later did David 
discover that only two of these sites were the 'official' SNH locations marked on his map. 
So there are two more yet to be rediscovered. Another trip anyone? 

Arran, Firth of Clyde - 24-25 September Frank McGavigan 

(Participants: Liz Doig, Roland Ennos, Mary Gibby, Tim Godfrey, Yvonne Golding, Angus 
Hannah, Frank Katzer, John & Margaret Lyth, Frank McGavigan, Christine Nicholson, Martin 
Rickard, Tony Smith, Ken Trewren, Alastair Wardlaw.) 

Arran is the largest of the Clyde Isles and is of such varied topography that it is often called 
'Scotland in miniature'. Its flora, including the fern flora, is equally diverse and has s been 
meticulously recorded by Tony Church and Tony Smith: The Arran Flora, 2005 edition, 
published by the Arran Natural History Society. However, with only two days at our 
disposal we inevitably had to be selective about sites and we confined ourselves in the main 
to the raised beach that forms the coastal strip on the east side of the island. 
On Saturday morning we set off from Lochranza (16/938502) for the Cock of Arran in the 
north. However, we never actually reached our destination as there were so many terns to una 
Particularly on the old sea cliffs, that we ran out of time. As well as the ubiquitous bracken and 



other calcifuges such as Blet i Ulatata, D.filix- 

mas and Oreopteris limbosperma, there were also, due to the mixed geology of Arran, 
ferns that prefer more basic conditions - Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, A. scolopendrium, 
A. trichomanes subsp. quadrivalens, Phegopteris coi m vulgare, and 

Polystichum setiferum, which seemed so out of place among the rocks of the raised beach that 
1 am ashamed to admit I did not recognise it. More interestingly we found Dryopteris aemula 
with its distinctly crisped fronds and both filmies {Hymenophyllum tunbrigense and 
H. wilsonii) and of course Mary and other- n gametophytes. 

so present on Arran at four isolated sites but understandably their 
ecret, even from such distinguished pteridologists as ourselves. 
So far I have not mentioned Dryopteris affmis. Arran has all three subspecies and numerous 
hybrids and variants, and with Ken Trewren as one of our party we were not going to get 
away with recording the species alone. So as well as D. affinis subspp. affmis and borreri, 
we had subsp. cambrensis var. paleaceocrispa (the normal cambrensis according to Ken), 
and (later confirmed by Ken) subsp. cambrensis var. pseudocomplexa (otherwise known as 
morphotype arranensis of Pigott). 

Further evidence of the complexity of the Dryopteris affinis agg. on Arran was found in 
Cordon Wood (26/035296) in the afternoon. Here, led by the indefatigable Tony Smith up 
and down the steep slopes of this seemingly impenetrable woodland, we added D. affinis subsp. 
affinis var. paleaceolobata and D. x complexa nothosubsp. complexa (along with its parents) as 
well as the D. affinis subspecies and variants we had seen in the morning. By this time not a few 
of us were becoming confused, and please, if you wish further elucidation, consult Ken, not me. 
Cordon Wood also revealed some more easily recognisable ferns such as Dryopteris aemula 
again, and of course D. dilatata, Athyrium filix-feminu. Blcvhniim spicant, Oreopteris 
limbosperma and Pteridium aquilinum. We also noted Asplenium trichomanes subsp. 
quadrivalens, Hymenophyllum tunbrigense, Phegopteris connectihs and Polypodium 
interjection, while Martin and Mary found some fine examples of Polystichum aculeatum 
that the rest of us inexplicably missed. Ken, who had sensibly brought a torch, searched for 
and found the Trichomanes gametophyte again. Cordon Wood was the only place, 
surprisingly, where we reco: 
Here we saw Equisetum arvense and E. sylvaticui 




:kard, Mary Gibby. ( hnstine Nicholson, Ken Trewren, 
r Wardlaw, Roland Ennos, Liz Doig, Angus Hannah 



On Sunday morning Tony Smith took us along the coast at Sannox (26/017454) between 
the Sannox Burn and the North Sannox Burn, at one point leading us through what seemed 
acres of bracken - Arran must have more bracken per square mile than anywhere else in 
Britain. However, down below the old sea cliff there was much greater variety. Here 

uta-muraria was growing in the rock along with A. trichomanes subsp. 

.-■■>■•■■...■ ■ . ; - • ■ - ■_■■>._■■. ■>:'. \'\ ■ .-■■.: 

i showed the spores to be viable). Nearby there was 
Cystopteris fragilis (surprisingly not very common on Arran apparently) and on wet rocks 
both filmies were growing, while a little bit of hunting revealed the Trichomanes 
gametophyte again. 

Along the way, as you would expect, were Athyi mm tptcemt, 

Dryopteris aemula, D. affinis subspp. affinis, borreri and cambrensis var. paleaceocrispa 
(by now these names were beginning to trip off the tongue), D. dilatata, Oreopteris 
limbosperma, Phegopteris connectilis. an atom. Oh, and did I mention 

Pteridium aquilinuml We did not spot the Di \ optci ^ c >/v/"v/ thai ken a i» 
here when they returned the following day. 

However, we had been promised D. expansa at Merkland Wood (26/022386), which we duly 
r examples. Also here was probable D. x ambroseae, 
:rtainly D. dilatata was present, so with both parents 
around it seems likely. We noted the remnants of what had once been a huge colony of 
Hymenophyllum tunbrigeme, much of which had been inadvertently destroyed by the 
clearance of the protective understorey of rhododendron, and a cry of excitement went up 
when Osmunda regalis was discovered, but apparently it had been planted by the foresters. 
Genuinely wild Osmunda had been found by Yvonne, Roland and Frank Katzer at King's 
Cave (16/884309) on the west side of the island along with Asplenium marinum and other 
more common things. Further north at Catacol (16/910497) Frank Katzer had discovered 
Asplenium ceterach growing in an old wall, a new record for Arran. 

Sunday afternoon was to be taken up touring the fine collection of cultivated ferns at 
Brodick Castle Garden (26/015380) but before reaching them Tony Smith pointed out 
colonies of Asplenium scolopendrium and Polystichum aculeatum just over the entrance 
wall. Some of the latter turned out on closer inspection to be P. x bicknellii, although the 
other parent, P. setiferum, was not in the immediate vicinity. 

The fern collection at Brodick has been a little neglected of late but it still remains relatively 
intact and Christine, who now works there, is keen to restore it to its former glory. Martin 
was able to name some plants whose labels had been lost and correct the names of others, 
though not what was marked as 'Fern No 2 (NW Yunnan)'. The benign climate favours 
tree-ferns, and Cyathea dealbata and Dicksonia squarrosa were flourishing while 
D. antarctica was multiplying everywhere. There were some fine specimens ofLophosotia 
quadripinnata, but Cyathea brownii remained protected in a greenhouse, where there were 
also several Thyrsopteris elegans awaiting outside trials. Osmunda was represented by 
O. claytoniana and O.japonica, and Woodwardia by W.fimbriata and W. radicans. Pteris 
"■erica. Dnopteri.s clintoniana, D. cycadina, D. carthusiana (the North American variant), 
Microsorum pustulatum (syn. M. diversifolium), Polypodium glu n-Iuza. P tmantomae 
'Cornubiense', Polystichum polyblepharum, P. proliferum, Blec' 
list goes on, some common, some rare, all interesting. 
Perhaps most interesting of all, were the several plants of Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae' 
because Brodick Castle used to be owned by the proprietors of Buchanan Castle where the 
original clone was found, and there can be no doubt that Brodick's are the real thing. So 
from the confusion of the Dryopteris affinis agg. to the freak that is A. filix-femma 
'Victoriae' this proved to be an excellent weekend, much enjoyed by all. 



Group of European Pteridologists (GEP) Excursion 

Brittany, France - 19-23 August Pat Acock 

This year's excursion to Brittany was based in Finistere and was hosted by our good friends 
Remy and Annie Prelli. It was 15 years since the BPS had its first excursion to this part of 
the world, one of our first international trips that led to the formation of the GEP. We met 
on Friday night for dinner and were introduced to many new friends. 
Next day we explored around Le Cap Sizun, visiting firstly the Pointe du Raz to see a splendid 
cave on the sea cliffs with the walls and floor covered in Trichomanes speciosum 
gametophytes. On the Pointe de Penharn we found beautiful colonies of Asplenium marinum 
and A. obovatum subsp. obovatum and this was followed by a group of A. obovatum subsp. 
lanceolatum among a Neolithic set of standing stones. After being sufficiently refreshed with 
ica and the local pastries in Chateaulin we wandered around the town to see a large collection of 
ferns, most notably Pofypodium cambricum and Asplenium obovatum x A. adiantum-nigrum. 
On Sunday we parked in the church of Saint Herbot but to the priest's disappointment we 
descended to the 'Chaos' of rocks, where, after much searching by many people, we 
e\entuall\ found a small colony of Hymenophyllum wilsonii. There was a considerable 
amount of//, tunbrigense and we also saw Oreopteris limbosperma and Dryopteris aemula. 
After lunch we visited Roc'h Tredudon to see both /.. 

clavatum. On to Menez Kador and we added Osmunda regalis in this boggy countryside. 
The day ended with our host buying a round of drinks in Pleyben. 

On Monday our first destination was the Conservatoire Botanique National de Brest. We 
were taken around the glasshouse area where rare plants from many isolated islands from 
around the world are conserved. One plant has already been used to recolonise an island 
after having become extinct there. The collection housed a large number of ferns including 
Polystichum drepanum from Madeira. Following this we had a lecture from Sandrine Loriot 
on Trichomanes speciosum. 

We left to move on to the beautiful Foret du Cranou. Here in shady forest rides we found 
some magnificent Dryopteris aemula and D. ajfinis subspp. affinis and borreri. In a second 
wood at Bois du Nivot we added Polypodium interjectum and P. vulgare. 
On Tuesday we visited the Crozon Peninsular with its breathtaking rocky capes. Most 
notable was the Cap de la Chevre, where most managed the steep climb down to be 
rewarded by Osmunda regalis, Adiantum capillus-veneris and Asplenium obovatum subsp. 
lanceolatum. Later, while examining a charming lane that could have been in Cornwall 
for Asplenium obovatum subsp. lanceolatum, A. adiantum-nigrum and A. onopteris, Paul 
Ripley and I strayed a little further and found a well. While looking for hybrids of the afore- 
mentioned spleenworts, I leaned too far forward and my GPS fell ten feet down the well 
into eight feet of water, causing much amusement to the villagers. From here we went to 
look at Polypodium cambricum in the charming village of Landevennec, where we rounded 
off the tour with drinks outside in the sunshine. 

We must pay tribute to both Annie and Remy Prelli for a most excellent meeting in this 
beautiful part of France. The programme was very carefully a 
number of ferns in the confines of Finistere with the n 
of time to talk to each other and enjoy the plai 

In 2006 we hope to go to Madeira. If you are interested in joining the GEP a 
please contact Prof. Ronnie Viane, Dept. of Morphology, Systematics and Ecology, 
Section: Pteridology, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, Gent, B-9000 Belgium. E-mail: 
Ronnie.viane@rug.ac.be; Tel. & Fax: +329-2645057. 




HORTICULTURAL SHOWS 

SOUTHPORT FLOWER SHOW - 18-21 August M. Hayward 

The BPS stand had a fresh look this year. A newly acquired folding display board formed the 
backdrop to the stand, the centre panel displaying information about the Society and the side panels 
showing laminated A4 photographs of ferns, ferny locations and members on field trips. The theme 

from sites around the world, including New Zealand, Trinidad, Azores, Canary Islands and Britain. 
In the foreground we had a display of spore sowing and young ferns at various stages of growth, 
which, as always, provoked much interest. A leaflet on spore sowing, together with a sample 
packet of spores, proved too interesting and had to be reprinted twice during the show! A small 
Wardian case filled with ferns, displayed by Ann Gill, also proved to be a useful talking point 
The stand was busy with visitors on all four days of the show, aided by the fine weather. There 
was a steady sale of merchandise, chiefly cards. The new FSC Key to Common Ferns 
waterproof fern identification guide was a hit with the visitors, our supply selling otti on the 
first day. One of the commonest questions asked was how to care for tree-ferns purchased, 
without advice, from a local nursery. There were a number of enquiries about membership. 
The number of exhibitors in the competitive classes remains small and we would like to 
encourage more local members to participate. Showing a wide variety of interesting ferns is an 
excellent way of stimulating public interest in fern culture. The prize-winners are listed below. 
Class 6 Individual Championship: Four Hardy British Ferns (dissimilar), two Greenhouse 

Ferns (dissimilar) and two Foreign Ferns Hardy in Great Britain: 1st B. Russ, 

2nd M. Hayward, 3rd O. Fairclough (3 entries) 
Class 7 Three Hardy British Fems (distinct species, not varieties): 1 st M. Hayward (3 entries) 
Class 8 One Foreign Fern Hardy in Great Britain: 2nd O. Fairclough (1 entry) 
Class 9 Three Polypodium (3 distinct varieties): (no entries) 
Class 10 Three Polystichum (3 distinct varieties): 1st M. Hayward (1 entry) 
Class 1 1 Three Athyrium (3 distinct varieties): 1st M. Hayward (1 entry) 
Class 12 Three Asplenium excluding A. scolopendrium (3 distinct varieties or species): 

1st M. Hayward (1 entry) 
Class 1 3 One British Fern (any genus or variety): 1st M. Hayward, 2nd O. Fairclough. 

3rd P. Fischer (3 entries) 
Class 14 One Greenhouse Fern: 1st D. Abbott (1 entry) 
Class 1 5 Three Asplenium scolopendrium (3 distinct varieties): 2nd B. Russ ( 1 entry) 



The BPS cup for the Individual Championship v 



; again by member Brian Russ. 
The Happiland Trophy for the most wins in ail other classes went to Michael Hayward. The 
judge was Richard Key. 

I would like to thank Ann Gill, Rita Hardman, Joan Hindle and Trevor Piearce for their 
hard work and smiling faces, which attracted so many visitors to the stand this year. After 
the show we again had a social evening at my house in Blundellsands, and I hope that this 

The dates for next year's show are 17-20 August 2006 and the theme will be 'W ate 
of a series of themes on 'The elements'. We would encourage members within travelling 
distance to come and see what surprises we have on display. Or why not join us on the stand 
and get your entrance to the show free' If you are interested in showing ferns, either contact 
M. Hayward, 6 Far Moss Road, Liverpool L23 8TQ; mhaywardL23@blueyonder.co.uk, or 
obtain details of the schedule direct from the organisers at www.southportflowershow.co.uk. 



SECRETARIAL NOTES 



Please note: names and t , nttat he found 

on the inside of the from cover of this Bulletin. 
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 2006 - The 103rd AGM will take place on Saturday 
25th March 2006 at Cambridge University Botanic Garden, 47 Bateman Street, at 14.00 hrs. 
COMMITTEE VACANCIES - In accordance with paragraph 3, section 3 of the Society's 
Constitution, five vacancies will occur on the Committee. Nominations are invited from 
Society members to fill these vacancies at the Annual General Meeting in 2006. The names 
of the nominees, proposers and seconders, together with a letter from the nominee indicating 
his or her willingness to serve, should reach the General Secretary before the AGM. Members 
with a potential interest in serving as an elected Committee member and who wish to know 
more of the duties and responsibilities are invited to contact the Secretary. 
SUBSCRIPTIONS 2006 - Members are reminded that subscriptions were due on 1st January 
2006 and should be paid to the Membership Secretary. Cheques should be made payable to 
The British Pteridological Society'. Current rates are given inside the front cover of this issue. 
Payment can be made by Credit Card - see renewal form. Standing Order forms are printed 
withe re* erse of renewal forms and are also available from the Membership Secretary and the 
BPS website (www.eBPS.org.uk). Standing Orders may be paid on 1st January or 1st 
February. In either case, membership is deemed to be from 1st January to 3 1st December. 
Members are reminded that according to Clause 11 of the Constitution "Any member 
failing to pay his subscription within six calendar months of its becoming due shall be liable 
o have his name removed from the List of Members of this Society"! Defaulting members 
who do not amend their Standing Orders with their bank and are still paying at the old rate 
shall be notified that they will not receive the Fern Gazette until such tune a^s their Standing 
Orders are updated. Members still paying even earhe, ;hat the ir name 

will be removed from the Membership List until such times as Standing Orders are updated 
or cancelled. Any monies received from ol 1 be tre t ted as a dona ; ion 




Southport Flower Show 2005 

Ann Gill, Trevor Piearce, Joan Hindle, Rita Hardman 



GIFT AID - Since 2003 the BPS has been a registered charity. This enables us to claim 
back from the Inland Revenue 28p for every pound paid in the annual subscription for each 
member who authorises us to do so. Since 2003, increasing numbers of members have 
authorised us to claim Gift Aid on their behalf, and last year (2005) we were able to claim 
for 207 members, which brought in £1,129. While this is obviously an extremely valuable 
addition to the Society's annual income, it could be considerably more. There are probably a 
further 200 members on whose subscriptions the Society could claim Gift Aid if these 
members authorised it and this could lead to perhaps another £ 1 ,000 per annum. All that is 
required is a minimal amount of form filling (about one minute) and a second class stamp. 
Even better, the form has only to be filled in once. The forms are retained by the Gift Aid 
Secretary and the same ones used year after year to make the claim. 
The small number of provisos are set out below: 

1. Gift Aid is available only to members who reside in the UK. 

2. Members on whose subscription < 
capital gains tax at least equal to the amount claimed. 

3. Members whose subscriptions are allowed as an expense i 
employment may not claim Gift Aid. 

If the Inland Revenue allows us to claim relief on your membership subscription 

please authorise us to do so. It's the equivalent of a yearly £5 donation to the Society. 

DIRECT DEBIT - The Society does not offer a Direct Debit facility for subscriptions. The 

reasons are two-fold. Expensive software is required to create a direct debit tape to send to 

the bank and is too expensive for a small Society like the BPS. With Standing Orders the 

bank does all the administration, whereas with Direct Debits a considerable additional 

workload would fall on the Society, in particular the Treasurer, and it is necessary to bear in 

mind that all officers offer their time and services on a voluntary basis. 

NOTIFYING CHANGES OF ADDRESS - Please inform the Membership Secretary of 

changes of address and telephone number. He will be responsible for notifying any other 

officers and appointees who need to know. 

E-MAIL ADDRESSES - These were published last year, as agreed, "for members who 

have a relatively stable e-mail address and who keep up-to-date with their messages '. A 

supplementary list and amendments are published in this Bulletin. Members who wish to 

have their e-mail address added, changed or removed are requested to inform the 

Membership Secretary BY E-MAIL at: Membership@eBPS.org.uk. 

PUBLICATIONS BY AIRMAIL - Our journals can be sent by airmail to °y ersea * 

members, provided that they advise the Membership Secretary and pay an additional 

subscription to cover airmail postage. See inside front cover for rates. 

CODES OF SAFETY, CONDUCT AND DECLARATION FORM - All membera 

attending Society field meetings should be aware of the Society's Safety Code (see ivw 

Bulletin 5(5): 275), as well as the Code of Conduct for the Conservation and Enjoyment of 

Wild Plants (see 1999 Bulletin 5(4): 199), and are required to sign a Declaration torm. 

Copies of these documents can be obtained from the Meetings Secretary or BPS website. 

GREENFIELD FUND - This fund, set up as a memorial to one of our Society's gr eat fern 

growers, Percy Greenfield, is used to finance approved projects, helping with the c. 

necessary equipment, books and travel expenses. Percy Greenfield's 

much towards the non-scientific side of our ad 

wanted this taken into consideration when de 

university or college grants and similar support a 

fund. Applications will normally be dealt with or 



is felt that he would have 
isions are made. Workers eligible for 
B not therefore eligible for help from the 
:e a year and should be submitted by 1st 



November. Anyone wishing to avail themselves of this fund should contact the Hon. 
General Secretary for further information. 

CENTENARY FUND - Tins fund is used to promote the study of all aspects of 
ptendophytes - horticultural, scientific and educational, whether by amateurs, students or 
professional pteridologists. As such its scope is much broader and more flexible than the 
Greenfield Fund. Applications will normally be dealt with once a year and should be 
submitted by 1st November. Anyone wishing to avail themselves of this fund should 
contact the Hon. General Secretary for further information. 

TREE-FERN SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP - For further information, please either 
send a stamped addressed envelope to the organiser, Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, 92 Drymen Road 
Bearsden, Glasgow G61 2SY, or contact him by e-mail: Tree-Ferns@eBPS.org.uk. 
MEMBERS' INFORMATION SERVICE - Members often require information and 
advice on many aspects of pteridophytes but are reluctant to ask or simply do not know 
LTnn !!f "f! 1611 '' Q T!! S f n° m members on an y as P ects of the ^logy, identification or 
" ,u "i should be sent, with three first class stamps, to the 

READING CIRCLE - The Society operates a reading circle for the American Fern Journal, 
inning much information for those seriously interested in ferns. The 
FuUehead Forum, which publishes many 'ferny' items of interest to the amateur grower 
accompanies it. To receive these journals contact the Horticultural Information Officer. 
FOREIGN FERN SOCIETY JOURNALS HELD BY THE SOCIETY - The Society 
exchanges journals with a number of other fern societies in the world. We have a collection 
of journals/newsletters from societies in the United States (2), Australia (3), New Zealand, 
India and the Netherlands. If members would like to browse these, they are welcome to get 
in touch with the Back Numbers Organiser for a list of our holdings. The journals can then 
be borrowed for just the cost of postage both ways. 
BACK NUMBERS OF JOURNALS - Our Back Numbers are always a good source of 

intes? 8 T r^ " Th£y C ° main artlCl£S W " tten ^ an *-y of authors on 
meres ing fern subjects. You can have a sample pack of six journals for £6. A full list of 
journal parts stocked is available from Pat Acock. 

infirL 38 !^ " r WeBPS - 0r8 ' Uk (H ° Sted ^ The Natural History Museum.) In today's 
m ans of ' * " ^^ bafMaA for * e Soci ^ to ** *e website as a major 

Td neln!™ 03 ' 1011 ' ^ W£bSite Pr ° VideS mformatlon for the membership, but it is also, 
wider world cTaTT Y ^^^ to P resent *e Society and ptendology to the 
wider world. Our aim is to make our website the premier source on the Internet of information 
: recently formed an Advisory Group to support 
rify the objectives for our website and to support 
rovide ,nH w tiff * f? **** ^^ Members Wlth views ™ what the website should 
provide and withoffers to help with content should contact the Website Editor, Anthony Pigott. 

me™nlv ^ ~ **"*? "" ^"^ ^ there 1S an e ™' §™P or ^ for BPS 
members only. Its purpose ,s for discussion of Society matters of common interest and for 
communication of information- it is not int P nH.H ,7 r „ a TT 
of ferns for „,h,M, *u , intended as a list to discuss the botany or growing 
oi ierns, tor which another list such as FFRMS ,„~„m u ^ S. ddc 
Weh^itP „„,!„,, 't • , , J, ftKN^ would be more appropriate. See the BPS 
subs^l u„ S syotr S re a SI 3 M r k T" * Bp S-sub S cnbe^yah„ogroup S , 
U name is obvious from yr.nr ,»_ m „;i „aa . a „„ 



-. — -^ ,o iu i UrtR .c uur weosite the prem 
about ptendophytes and ptendology. We have recently 
the Website Editor. This group will help to clanfy the c 
the work necessary to arh W^ riw~ ~u:_ t ;. ... , , , 



your e-mail address, pi 
time to Webmaster@eBPS.org.uk in order to identify , 
rs arp encouraged to join - - 



• Members 



participation. Contact the BPS Websit 



gre.ik-i 



BPS VIDEO 'BRITISH FERNS' - This twenty-five 
native British ferns growing in their natural habitats. It 
size and form to be found in British ferns and the broa 



jriculture and the National Museum of Wales funded the video. It is available 
for loan to members and interested organisations for £3, to cover handling costs (UK only). 
For further details write to the General Secretary enclosing a stamped addressed envelope. 
BRITISH WILDLIFE - Concessionary individual subscriptions to British Wildlife 
magazine are available to BPS members. 

ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Our Society is affiliated to the RHS, enabling 
a limited number of members to enjoy certain privileges in connection with RHS Shows. 

PAYMENT OF EXPENSES - Documents setting out the Rules of Conduct for the 

Treasurer (BPS/T/1), the Rules for Seeking Re-imbursement of Personal Travelling and 

Administrative Expenses by officers and members acting on behalf of the Society 
(BPS/T/2), and the Authorities for Payment (BPS/T/3) can be obtained from the Honorary 
Treasurer on request. 

COPYRIGHT - All contributors to the BPS journals and website are required to sign an 
agreement assigning ownership of copyright of the article, photograph etc. to the BPS. This 
has the aim of safeguarding the contributors' work from unlawful copying and use. It does 
not stop contributors from using their own work elsewhere provided that they acknowledge 

MERCHANDISE - Do you have a BPS sweatshirt, polo shirt or fleece? These are all dark 
green with a small embroidered BPS logo in yellow. Other items, such as BPS ties, metal 
badges, ferny greetings cards, bookmarks, pens and mugs, are also for sale. Can't find your 
order form? Contact the Merchandise Organisers or look on the website for details. The 
Organisers also welcome suggestions for new stock. 

THE FUTURE OF BOOKSALES - Last year, Steve Munyard regretfully advised the 
Committee of his need to relinquish his role as Booksales Organiser, and so far we have 
been unable to find a replacement. Would you be interested? There is the possibility of 
splitting management of BPS Special Publications from the sale of other new or second- 
hand books. Now that new and second-hand books on ferns are so readily available on the 
Internet, anyone interested in taking over this aspect of Booksales would not be expected to 
actively seek out books for sale, unless of course they had a burning desire to do so, but to 
be ready to accept or purchase suitable books offered to them for sale to members. Contact 
Steve to find out what is involved. 

DESTINATION OF PTERIDOPHYTE RECORDS - Members are reminded that 
records of ferns and fern allies in the wild should be sent to the appropriate Botanical 
Society of the British Isles (BSBI) Vice-county recorders, whose addresses are available 
from the BSBI website or BSBI yearbook, which is available to BSBI members. For those 
without access to the Internet or yearbook, records may be sent to the BPS Recorder. Fred 
Rumsey, who will forward them to the BSBI. These records are stored centrally at the 
Biological Records Centre, and can be accessed by the BPS. 

SOUTH PORT FLOWER SHOW - Why not spend a few hours or a day helping man the 
Society's stand? You do not need to be an expert on ferns or fern growing, just prepared to 
spend a few hours or a day with us. Expenses are available, as well as free entry to the 
Show. Details are available from Michael Hayward, 6 Far Moss Road, Blundellsands. 
Liverpool L23 8TQ. mhaywardL23@blueyonder.co.uk. 



BPS FIRST MINUTE BOOK - This historical document containing 
Minutes from the inception of the Society in 1891 to 1983 is available in full colour on a 
CD ROM at £10 per copy, including postage. Place your order with Pat Acock. 
NURSERY ADVERTISEMENTS - Members with nurseries that offer ferns are reminded 
that they may place an advertisement in the Bulletin, Pteridologist and on the website, free 
of charge, in return for the inclusion of a note about the Society in their catalogues. A 
suitable form of words is available from the Secretary. The Website Editor can add a 
suitable image of a plant or the nursery against the nursery's details, if it is wanted. The 
leaflet Where to see ferns is being revised. If members wish their nursery to be included, 
please contact the Hon. Gen. Secretary. 

THE HARDY FERN FOUNDATION - The Hardy Fern Foundation was founded in 1989 
to establish a comprehensive collection of the world's hardy ferns for display, testing, 
evaluation, public education and introduction to the gardening and horticultural community. 
Many rare and unusual species, hybrids and varieties are being propagated from spores and 
tested in selected environments for their different degrees of hardiness and ornamental 
garden value. Membership costs just $25 for regular members or $30 for family 
membership. Members receive a first-rate introductory pack, a quarterly journal and access 
to their spore exchange. 

A reciprocal arrangement has been set up to make payment easier. Those wishing to join or 
renew their subscription for 2006 should contact Pat Acock, 13 Star Lane, St Mary Cray, 
Kent BR5 3LJ as soon as possible after reading this notice and will be informed of the 
current membership rate in pounds. The contact in the USA is Michelle Bundy, 16038 46th 
Ave, South, Tukwila, WA 98188 USA. 



QUALIFIED ARCHIVIST WANTED - During the past three years, the Society's 
considerable archive items have been gathered together and carefully sorted and catalogued 
by A.R. (Matt) Busby. It now remains for the individual items to be catalogued and any 
necessary preservation measures carried out before a depositary can accept them. The 
Committee is in the process of preparing an application to the Heritage Lottery Fund for a 
grant to carry out this final stage. The application needs details to be given of the work to be 
carried out and the Committee is seeking a qualified archivist to advise on the preservation 
and cataloguing required. If you are such an archivist or know of one who might be willing 
to give this service, then please contact Matt Busby or Jennifer Ide. 

BPS ARCHIVIST WANTED Matt Busby is retiring as the Society's Archivist at the AGM 
in 2007, and the Committee is seeking a replacement. If you are interested in the history of 
your Society and are fascinated by the people who founded it and those who have been 
responsible through the years for developing its activities and building the Society into one 
with an envied reputation worldwide, then please consider becoming the Society's 
Archivist, if possible working alongside Matt for the coming year before taking over 
responsibility. (Perhaps two people would like to work as joint archivists?) The depositary 
will care for the archive, but as Archivist, you will be responsible for receiving documentary 
items, making decisions about what should be retained and cataloguing them preparatory to 
their being deposited in the archive. As well as documents that will come your way from 
officers and others, or personal items left to the Society by members, you will be encouraged 
to be alert to other items for inclusion in the archive, such as photographs and articles 
significant to the history of the Society and the history of pteridology in the British Isles, and 



' encourage others i 



If you would like I 



contact Matt Busby, Adrian Dyer (President) or Jennifer Ide (via the General Secretary). 



ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 2005 

MINUTES of the 102nd Annual General Meeting of the British Pteridological Society held 
on Saturday, 19th March 2005 at the University of Manchester's School of Biological 
Sciences Botanical Experimental Grounds, at 14.00 hrs. 
IN THE CHAIR: The President, Dr A.F. Dyer. 

PRESENT: Mr R.G. Ackers, Mr P.J. Acock, Mr G. Baldwin, Mr C. & Mrs D. Brotherton, 
Mr B.K. Byrne, Mr J.P. Crowe, Mrs P.M.A. Francis, Mr C.L. Godfrey, Dr Y.C. Golding. 
Mr C. Goodman, Mr J.D. Grue, Mrs F. Haigh, Dr M. Hayward, Prof. R.J. Hayward, 
Mrs J. Hindle, Mr R. Hood, Miss J.M. Ide, Ms E. Knox-Thomas, Mr M.P. Lamb, Mr B.J. Laney, 
Mr F. McGavigan, Mrs S.H. Medd, Mr M.L. Merritt, Dr J.W. Merryweather, Mr M. Morgan. 
Mrs J. Neal, Dr T.G. Piearce, Mr M.S. Porter, Miss A.M. Paul, Mr M.H. Rickard, Mr H.C. Shepherd 
Mr B.D. Smith, Mrs G.J. Smith, Mr FA. Strang, Mr R.W. Sykes, Prof. B.A. Thomas, 
Mr K. Trewren, Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, Miss L.A.M. Williams, Mrs A. & Mr B. Wright. 
Item 1 - APOLOGIES FOR ABSENCE: Mr A.R. Busby. Mr R.J. Cooke. Mr C.P. Ellis, 
Mr C.R. Fraser- Jenkins, Mr P.B. Freshwater, Dr M. Gibby, Mr NA. Hall, Mr A. Leonard, 
Dr H.S. McHaffie, Mr S.J. & Mrs K. Munyard, Miss R.J. Murphy, Mr P.H. Ripley. 
Item 2 - APPROVAL OF MINUTES: Minutes of the 101st Annual General Meeting of 
the British Pteridological Society held on Saturday 20th March 2004, and published in the 
2004 Bulletin (Vol. 6, No. 3) were approved (proposed by Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, seconded 
by Miss A.M. Paul) and signed by the Chairman. 
Item 3 - MATTERS ARISING: None 

Item 4 - REPORT OF THE HONORARY GENERAL SECRETARY (J.M. Ide): 
The Committee only met twice in 2004, the summer meeting being cancelled owing to the 
personal circumstances of the Secretary. This resulted in a mammoth meeting in October, 
when it was found necessary to prioritise items on the agenda, with a few items having to be 
postponed for more detailed discussion until the meeting in January 2005. 



b needing financial help. (This is usual in societies such as the BPS that 
enables subscriptions to be kept low, thus encouraging interested 
low, the Society has been fortunate, with the majority of the 
y reimbursement and consequently no undue stress has been put on 
. However, the cost of attending London meetings is significant for some 
_____ and without some financial assistance they would be unable to accept the 
) join the Committee and make their time and skills available to the Society. 
A small working party, under Prof. A.C. Wardlaw, was asked to review the if, what and 
how' members of the Committee could claim expenses for attending meetings, ^ 
other inextricably entwined issues: Committee s 
working party was asked to make proposals to n 




The large size of the Committee (26 if everybody attended) had evolved over the years. 
However, there was now a general consensus in support of a smaller Committee, as long as 
it were large enough to maintain some continuity and experience within the Committee 
whilst at the same time providing the opportunity to introduce new members. The role ot 
Vice-Presidents was queried and is to be reviewed this year, but it was agreed that they 



Several ideas were put forward about the number and type of Committee meetings. 

including various e-communication methods, but after much discussion it was decided to 

retain three meetings per year. 

After a long discussion, the Committee voted unanimously for the following: 

Regarding the size and number of Committee meetings: 

• There was no substitute for face-to-face meetings and therefore the number of meetings 
per year would remain at three, with the possibility, if required, of an additional meeting 
confined to one or two notified items, on the day of and prior to the AGM. 

• Notionally, the number of Elected Members and Vice-Presidents would be reduced by 
not electing members to the maximum number of positions allowed by the Constitution. 
(The aim would be six Elected Members (ten allowed) and three Vice-Presidents (six 

• The following officers would attend meetings by invitation or when they wished to 
contribute: Meetings Secretary, Conservation Officer(s), Membership Secretary and the 
four Editors. Such persons would retain their voting rights when they attended. 

These practices would take effect from the first meeting after the AGM 2005 and would be 
reviewed within two years. None of these practices offend against the constitution. 
Regarding Committee expenses: 

• Any Committee member wishing to claim expenses for attending a Committee meeting 
may submit a formal application. 

• Claims should include the cheapest reasonable travel expenses, whether car, rail or air, 
and the cost of bed and breakfast where this is unavoidable up to a maximum of £40 per 
night. Other meals would not be paid for. 

• The Treasurer would honour claims that conform to the guidelines up to a maximum 
total of £100 per meeting. Any Committee member wishing to claim above £100, or any 
other reasonable departure from the guidelines for special reasons, must discuss their 
proposed claim in advance with the three Executive Officers. 

GREENFIELD FUND: At last the Greenfield Fund has a formal constitution. Although set up 
in 1975, the Fund had been run entirely on the basis of the letter from the Fund's founder, Mrs 
Elizabeth Greenfield, which accompanied her generous donation in memory of her father-in- 
law. Although the present Secretary started the work some years ago, we have to thank Prof. 
A.C. Wardlaw for finalising the work and presenting a draft Constitution to the Committee, 
together with a joint application form for both the Greenfield and Centenary funds. The Committee 
accepted both of his documents with some amendments. The President expressed the appreciation 
and thanks of the Committee to him for his work, and this long-running subject is now concluded. 
ORGANISATION OF FIELD MEETINGS: The agreement form for the supervision of 
minors attending meetings in the absence of a legal guardian was finalised and procedures 
for its implementation were agreed. It is now in use. The document giving guidelines to 
leaders for the organisation of meetings was revised to take into account the implementation 
of the 'Minors' form. 

FERN IDENTIFICATION CARD FOR BEGINNERS: A foldout, laminated card with images 
and text for the identification of ferns was in production by the Field Studies Council (FSC). 
Written by one of our members, Dr J.W. Merryweather. it is aimed at those with little or no 
knowledge of ferns. The card will carry the BPS logo and information about the Society, and 
o make an initial bulk discounted purchase of the cards with the option to buy 



- These will be offered t( 



e membership through Merchandise v 



WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT: The concern about the website expressed at the 2004 AGM 
was taken very seriously by the Committee. At the January 2005 meeting, Mr A.C. Pigott gave 
a presentation on the present contents of the website and on possible future developments. A 
small Website Advisory Group, Mr A.C. Pigott, Mr F. McGavigan, and one other non- 
Committee member at their invitation, has been set up. Mr M.G. Taylor will be Assistant 
Editor of the website. Objectives for the group were agreed, and A.C. Pigott. on their behalf, 
will submit a report on the group's progress to the Committee at its meeting in June 2005. 
MEMBERS' QUESTIONNAIRE AND A PROPOSAL FOR A PLANNING MEETrNG: As 
the result of a discussion on the possible reasons for the drop in membership numbers in 2004 
(a fall from 790 to 750 at the time of discussion), it was suggested that the Society should be 
it members' expectations from the Society, their 



ones. Mr R.G. Ackers prepared a questionnaire together with a pajvt propping 
meeting to plan future developments of the Society. The 
Members received the questionnaire with the Bulletin (2004, Vol. 6, No.3). The 
meeting will be held when the results of the 



RETIREMENTS: Notices of retirements were received from Mr R.J. Cooke, as Conservation 
Officer and Recorder for the Society, and from Mr S.J. Munyard, as Booksales Manager. 
both with effect from this AGM. Whilst we have been successful in finding replacements 
for R.J. Cooke, in the persons of Dr F.J. Rumsey and Dr H.S. McHaffie, who are to share 
the responsibilities of Conservation Officer, with F.J. Rumsey also being the new Recorder, 
we have not been so fortunate in finding a replacement for S.J. Munyard. The Committee 
felt strongly that it would be a shame if Booksales should founder, and although Mr 
Munyard was unable to give the time required to run Booksales as he had done in the past, 
he has said he was prepared to carry on with secondhand books sales on a 'what-comes- 
his-way' basis for the time being. His offer has been accepted with gratitude, but the search 
must go on for an eventual replacement. (Members are referred to the note under 
'Booksales' in the Secretarial Notes in Bulletin 2004, Vol.6, No. 3.) 

Mr A.R. Busby had also given notice that after 3 1 years of representing the Society at the 
Southport Flower Show, the 2004 Show would be his last. However, he did save the Committee 
one job, that of finding a successor. Dr Michael Hayward has kindly agreed to take over. Dr 
Hayward is arranging the purchase and design of new display boards for use at the Show. 
I am sure that this meeting, on behalf of the rest of the Society, would want to thank 
R.J. Cooke, S.J. Munyard and A.R. Busby for the magnificent work they have done for the 
Society during their periods in office. 

OBITUARIES: Finally, it is with sadness that we announce the death in 2004 of Mrs Audrey 
Piggott, author of the very beautiful book, Ferns of Malaysia in colour. Her husband, John 
Piggott, who took the photographs for Audrey's book, kindly offered her fern library to 
Booksales, and her fern herbarium has gone to the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. 
The Committee were also saddened to hear of the death of Mr Jeff Whysall. He had been an 
active member since 1984 and was in frequent attendance at Midland Region meetings. In 
spite of a long running illness and recent surgery, he was able to assist with manning the 
Society stand at the NEC Show in 2004. 

Just a few days into 2005, Alison Rutherford reported the death of Allan McG. Stirling, a 
Scottish member who laid claim to fame in the Society by discovering Polypodium australe 
in Scotland for the first time. 

In answer to a question on the future of Booksales, whilst no-one had yet been found to take on 
new books, Mr B.D. Smith noted that the sale of Special Publications and the coming FSC Fern 
Card was being transferred to Merchandise, and would be included in the next listing of items. 



being sought, em lieal expertise was not necessarily a pre-requisite, but 

rather someone with ideas as to what should be on the website and how it might be 
acquired. A volu \in the group would be by e- 

mail. The Chan only as a service to the 

membership but also to the wider world. 

The Secretary's report was approved, proposed by A.C. Wardlaw, seconded by R.W. Sykes. 
Item 5 - REPORT OF THE HONORARY TREASURER (A. Leonard): The Treasurer 
i for the year ending 31st December 2004, and these 
5 made in the explanatory notes he had provided, 
in addition to the regular notes that accompany the published accounts (see p. 338): 

• The unaudited accounts do not show figures for either The BPS Bulletin or The Fern 
Gazette, as these figures are not yet available. Assuming that their costs are approximately 
the same as last year's, then instead of producing a profit of £11,634.69 in the Ordinary 
Account, we are likely to produce a reduced profit of approximately £5,500. 

• The next Gazette was due in late 2003. This means that we still need to produce the 
equivalent of four issues in 2005. We are also planning to produce indexes for the 
Bulletin and Pteridologist. For these reasons we are likely to make a trading loss in 2005. 
Because of this we must keep a careful eye on our accounts. However, I do not feel it is 
necessary to increase subscriptions this year. 

After a lengthy discussion, during which further detail than was available in the tabled 
accounts was requested, it was agreed that the accounts could be accepted as an interim 
statement subject to their completion and the inclusion of a Balance Sheet and a more 
detailed report on the accounts, together with the Merchandise and Booksales accounts. 
The accounts were accepted subject to resolution of the above points and the completed and 



Proposed by A.C. Wardlaw, seconded by P.J. Acock. (For the final a 
Item 6 - REPORT OF THE MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY (M.S. Porter): Last 
year I confidently spoke of the consistency of BPS membership, especially of the fact 
that we always have about 75 new members each year. Something should have warned 
me that this was tempting fate but I continued blithely on calmly stating that our 
numbers were going to remain practically the same, or even rise, in 2004. Of course 
what happened was that this year we had barely 50 new members and our membership 
total has fallen away to 758, 36 fewer than last year and, though by no means a disaster, 
still rather less than had been hoped and lower than for some years. It is obviously 
impossible to account for why fewer people than normal joined the Society but it is 
interesting to note that already more new members have joined the Society in 2005 than 
did in the whole of 2004. Perhaps the answer is not to look at individual years but to 
calculate membership trends over more prolonged periods - five years at the least or 
perhaps decades. 

Precise details for 2004 were: 34 Complimentary or Honorary members (no change), II 
Student members (4 down on 2003), 58 Family members (5 down on 2003), 88 Subscribers 
(3 up on 2003) and 567 Ordinary members (26 down on 2003) giving a total of 758 
members. There were 53 new members. Losses resulted from the death of 6 valued 
members of the Society, 30 resignations, and the lapsing of 53 members. Reasons given for 
resignations nearly all fell into the same category aptly summed up by one ex member as 
old age and inflation". However, one person resigned Stating he could not belong to a 
society with a royal as patron. Lapsed members obviously do not give reasons but, as 

328 



lapsing almost always occurs after a very short membership. I assume such people find that 
the Society is not quite as they expected, or that their enthusiasm for ferns is short-lived. 
In the light of experience I am not planning to make any forecasts about projected 
membership numbers for 2005. 

STATEMENT CONCERNING GIFT AID: When the BPS was registered as a charity it 
became possible for us to claim Gift Aid on each member's subscription. Thus the Inland 
Revenue repays us 28 pence for every pound paid in as membership subscription. The rates 
are as follows: for each Full Member paying £20 we receive £5.60, for each Optional 
Member paying £16 we receive £4.48, for each Student Member paying £10 we receive 
£2.80, and for each Family Member making an additional payment of £2 we receive £0.56. 
The few provisos are: 

• Gift Aid is available only to members who reside in the UK. 

• Members on whose subscription Gift Aid is claimed must be paying income tax or 
capital gains tax at least equal to the amount claimed. 

• Members whose subscriptions are allowed as an expense in connection with their 
employment may not claim Gift Aid. (We have learned of this only recently. Members in 
this position who have already sent in their authorisation should let the Gift Aid 
Secretary know so that no further claims are made on their behalf.) 

In 2003, 132 members authorised us to claim Gift Aid on their behalf allowing us to reclaim 
£673.68. In 2004, 164 members were involved and, as a result, the Society was £904.96 
better off. We were also able to claim on two donations to the Society, giving us a grand 
total of £1,022.76. However, we have nearly 300 members who have not yet given us 
authorisation to claim on their subscriptions; in other words it is possible that we could 
benefit from a further £2,000 per year. Thus, I would ask all members who have not yet 
given the Society authorisation to claim on their behalf to do so this year. 
B. Wright asked if Gift Aid could be claimed on Regional group subscriptions. In reply 
M.S. Porter confirmed that Gift Aid could be claimed, also donations made to the Society; 
including those made through Wills. J. W. Merryweather offered to put a note in the 
Pteridologist about Gift Aid. 

I report was approved, proposed by A.M. Paul, seconded by 

Item 7 - REPORT OF THE CONSERVATION OFFICER & RECORDER (RJ. Cooke): 

No matters to report for 2004. As R.J. Cooke was retiring at this AGM, the Chairman took 
this opportunity to thank him for his work as Conservation Officer and welcomed 
F.J. Rumsey and H.S. McHaffie as his replacement. 

In answer to F. McGavigan, A . M. Paul reported that she holds a stock of BPS record cards. 
A.F. Dyer said that the Society needed to do more recording and the Committee should 
consider this. There were areas, such as Northamptonshire, that were under-recorded. Mrs 
B. Porter reported that she had records going back ten years for southern Manchester. 
Item 8- SUBCOMMITTEE (Permanent) REPORTS: 
8.1 - Meetings Subcommittee (PJ. Acock): 2004 can only be described a 
the Society's history. Those that took part in the meetings experienced a 
and exciting as could be offered by a botanical society anywhere I 
k pride of place. What a 

gave so freely of their time. A special word 
of thanks must go to Dr Yasmin Baksh-Comeau and Graham Ackers, who put it all together. 



The AGM meeting, hosted by Alison Paul, saw faces old and new. The programme, as ever, 
was well put together by Graham Ackers. A splendid meeting in the New Forest led by 
Andrew Leonard was followed by a great meeting in the Isles of Scilly, led jointly by Ian 
Bennallick and the Islands' recorder, Rosemary Parslow. 

Those that attended the International Symposium at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 
were able to meet friends old and new and to discover and discuss what is happening across 
all areas of pteridophyte research. The meeting was followed by an excellent tour visiting 
the garden of our retiring President, Alastair Wardlaw, and then moving on to south-west 
Scotland, all superbly choreographed by our triumvirate of Adrian Dyer, Alastair Wardlaw 
and Frank McGavigan. We were joined by members from the USA and Mexico. 

' large numbers of attendees all capably fielded 

i 

The Southport Flower Show once again had a Society stand, manned for the last time by 
A.R. Busby and his team. We really must say an enormous thank you to Matt, who has 
manfully done this duty for 31 years! Due to Matt's unstinting efforts, this used to be the 
principle source of new members to the Society. We welcome Dr Michael Hayward, who is 
replacing Matt, and who has said, from the outset, that he will not be doing it for as long! 
A Fern Reproduction Day at Reading University rounded off the year. We must pay tribute 
to Jennifer Ide for the exciting programme, and to our host, Dr Stephen Jury. A number of 
Stephen's students joined us for the day and it is to be hoped that some will have been 
motivated to grow to appreciate ferns or at least bear them in mind in their future research. 
Once again special thanks are due to those who organised and led each of our meetings. It 
crossed my mind that the Society's officers played an enormous role this year and we must 
be mindful that we need to encourage our younger and newer members to attend and also to 
offer to take a lead. I can remember many of those people who were leading meetings this 
year attending meetings many years ago when they were not so knowledgeable. If you 
would like to lead a meeting, or have an idea you would like your committee to help you 
with, we would be only too pleased to hear from you. 

4.R. Busby to thank him for his work 

8.2 - Publications Subcommittee (Dr A.F. Dyer): In June 2004, the subcommittee 
met in Edinburgh to review the present state of Society publications, including the website, 
and to identify the priorities for future developments. A report of the meeting was presented 
to the Committee for discussion. Membership of the subcommittee comprises the editors of 
the three journals, of Special Publications and of the website, together with the Treasurer, 
the Honorary General Secretary and the President, who is serving as Acting Chairman. The 
role of the Subcommittee is to monitor publication policy and promote a sustainable co- 
ordinated publication programme that makes efficient use of the Society's financial and 
editorial resources and reflects the needs of the Society and its members. The objectives of 
the BPS publications and website collectively are to promote pteridology and the Society, to 
record BPS activities, to inform and interest members, to provide a source of pteridological 
information for the wider public, to publish original research in an internationally 
recognised journal, and to provide an outlet for members' own creativity. 
Because of past difficulties in getting volunteers to take on editorial duties, the possibility 
of amalgamating journals was discussed but there was strong support for continuing with 
three journals under their present names 






! (No. 3) has 



Paul produced the 2003 Issue (No.2 of Volume 6) early in 2004, and tl 



s 88 pages long, and I 



1 pages, once more rejecting the 

over 80 pages, it is now difficult t 

bine her editorial skills with the 
Index to Volumes 1- 
Preparation of the Bulletin is now a considerable and I 
fortunate that Alison is still willing to do this for the Society. 

TheFers Gazette: Although Volume 17 Part 2 had recently appeared, dated 2004, no issues of 
The Fern Gazette were published during 2004. This was mainly due to a shortage of submitted 
papers. This lack of material is largely due to factors beyond our control, including the declining 
numbers of professional pteridologists in Britain and elsewhere, and the need t the remaining 
researchers to publish in major journals that are frequently cited in other papers. Our failure o\ er 
the last two years to maintain the normal schedule of two issues per year is a matter of considerable 
concern, not least because of the danger that a number of members and subscribers might resign 
if the situation were to continue. Fortunately, this will not happen. We have at an advanced stage 
of editing more than 20 papers based on talks given at the 2004 BPS Symposium Term far the 
21st Century . In the meantime, other papers are being processed as the\ come in and an issue of 
non-Symposium papers will be produced as soon as it is complete. We expect all these papers lo 
be published in 2005 or early 2006, by which time we will have made up the deficit of The Fern 
Gazette issues. In order to stimulate more contributions for future issues, we have begun a 
process of inviting authors to write mini-reviews on recent advances in specialised pteridological 
topics. We hope in this way to broaden the scope of the journal and increase the Dumber of times 
it is referred to in other publications. Professor Mary Gibby and Andrew Leonard will continue 
to share the editorial responsibilities, with the assistance of peer reviewers, some BPS members 
acting as proof-readers, and, in the case of Symposium issues, session organisers. 
Pteridologist: Volume 4, Part 3 appeared during 2004 with 32 attractive pages of interesting 
and entertaining information interspersed with more than 60 colour illustrations. The Editor, 
Dr James Merryweather, is the creative force behind the publication but he is supported 
as needed by a group including Dr Yvonne Golding and Adrian Dyer as sub-editors 
and other BPS members who assist with proof-correction. An Index to Volumes 1-3 has 
been prepared by Michael Searle and Alastair Wardlaw and will soon be published and 
issued free to all members. Volume 4, Part 4, is being prepared for publication in July. 
Pteridologist provides an opportunity for members to share their knowledge and 
experiences and the Editor would welcome contributions, short or long, on any aspect of 
pteridology, especially from first-time contributors. 

Special Publications: Work continues on the final stages of preparation of the account of 
Polystichum cultivars: Polxstichum cultivars: lunation in the British Shield Ferns. Begun 
by Jimmy Dyce, this has been expanded and updated by Robert Sykes, Martin Rickard and 
Peter Barnes, in conjunction with Barry Thomas as Editor of Special Publications. 
Publication is scheduled for later in 2005. We would like to publish other titles and several 
suggestions have been made including themes ranging ' -'ties to Ferny 

artefacts and Ferns for the home. A new Fern Atlas, currently under consideration by the 
appropriate Subcommittee, would be another publication under this heading. However, 
nothing can be achieved without members who are willing to take on the task of preparing 
the publications, whether as author or as a collator of others' articles. Anyone who has an 
idea for a Special Publication and who would be prepared to see the project through, should 
contact Prof. Barry Thomas to discuss its suitability. 

Website: We recognise that the creation of a first-class website is of critical importance to 
the Society at a time when the web is the first source of information for an increasing 
proportion of the population. The website must provide communication and information for 
the membership, but it is also a 'shop-window' to present the Society to the outside world, 



lust also provide an easily 
anyone seeking information about pteridophytes. 
Discussions through the year have led recently to the formation of an Advisory Group to 
support the Website Editor, Anthony Pigott, in his work to maintain and develop the 
website. This group will be responsible for agreeing the objectives of our website, 
prioritising requirements and helping to take the steps necessary to achieve those objectives. 
This may include commissioning specific items. In order to be able to take account of the 
requirements of the membership, it would be helpful if any member with views on what the 
website should provide would make those views known in their replies to the BPS 
Questionnaire or directly to Anthony Pigott. 

Other Publications: Book Reviews. Book reviews are now organised by Prof. Mary 
Gibby, Editor of The Fern Gazette. Members who are aware of a new book that they think 
should be reviewed should contact Mary, who will write to the publishers 
review copy. A decision will then be taken as to whether the review should i 
Fern Gazette, Pteridologist or both. Mary Gibby or James Merryweather, as 

review of a new book should contact Mary Gibby first so as to avoid possible duplication. 
Leaflets. We recognise that several leaflets need revising or replacing and there are ideas for 
new ones, but there have been other matters concerned with publications, as described above, 
that were considered to be more urgent. A start has been made on revising two leaflets and 
more progress will be made when someone can be found, not necessarily within the present 
Publications Subcommittee, who has the interest and time to take on this responsibility. 
DISTRIBUTION: A vital aspect of our publication output, but one that is often taken for 
granted, is distribution to members. Distribution of some of our major publications, together 
with the many notices that keep members informed about the Society's other activities, has 
once again been carried out by Patrick Acock, to whom we are very grateful. 
CONCLUSION: Finally, I would like to point out two things. First, our publications list is 
an ambitious one for a Society of considerably fewer than 1,000 members and a modest 
subscription rate. Secondly, it depends entirely on the editorial resources and other 
assistance available within the membership. Without the dedication and hard work of the 
editors and their assistants it would not be possible to produce these publications and our 
grateful thanks are due to them. However, more volunteers are always welcome and we 
would be pleased to hear from any other members who would like to become involved in 
the publication side of the Society's activities. 

B.A. Thomas announced from the floor that publication was due in 2005 ofN.A. Holland 
M.H. Richard's bibliographical compilation of Pre- 1900 fern books. Based on a proposal 
byA.C. Wardlaw, the Society may also soon be in a position quickly to prepare and present 
in an inexpensive format a provisional pteridophyte atlas based on information in the 
BSBFs New Atlas of the British & Irish Flora (2002). 



RG. Ackers requested that editors should acknowledge the receipt of articles and, later if 
necessary, confirm or otherwise the inclusion of the articles in their journal. 
BA. Thomas said that he was against the publication of complete journals on the website. 
This could eventually be disastrous, especially in terms of losing Subscribers. F. McGavigan 
replied that the recently formed Website Advisory Group would be considering this matter. 
It was not policy at the moment. 



8.3 - Fern Varieties Nomenclature SUBCOMMITTEE (A.R. Busby): Apart from brief 
telephone conversations, there have been no meetings of this subcommittee during 2004. 
Unless some matters that require discussion present themselves during 2005. it is unlikeK 



Item 9 - SUBCOMMITTEE (ad hoc) REPORTS: 

9.1 - Fern Atlas Subcommittee: No report. See Secretary's Report, Item 4. 

Item 10 - COMMITTEE-APPOINTED OFFICERS AND MANAGERS: 

10.1 - ARCHIVIST (A.R. Busby): I am pleased to report that excellent progress has been 
made during the last year. With the assistance of Martin Rickard, a quantity of material that 
we considered to be unimportant was discarded. This resulted in a reduction of the volume 
of material stored and, consequently, we have been able to reduce the costs of storage by 
nearly one half. Work is now taking place to catalogue the pressed fronds so that they can 
be placed in a suitable permanent storage facility. The Committee is pursuing various 
channels in order to find suitable storage for the remainder of the Archive at little or no cost 

R. G. Ackers reported from the floor that the Royal Horticultural Society had agreed to take ith 
approximately 800 pressed cultivar fronds into their herbarium, where they would be safe and 
secure. He had agreed with the Keeper of the herbarium to work one day a week to curate the 
collection and would like a helper. There was no pay, but there would be some perks! 
MM. Rickard said that the Society 's donation had triggered a reaction at the RHS Wisley. A 
frond collection was being made from all the ferns in the gardens to be added to the herbarium. 

10.2 - BOOKSALES (S.J. Munyard): No report received. 

10.3 - MERCHANDISE (B.D. & G. Smith): Through 2004 we continued to provide a 
service for BPS members much as we had done during 2003. We introduced four new 
ranges - BPS pens, a new style bookmark, the BPS fern video and new fern notelet paper 
designed by Anne Wright. Also, thanks to Anne, we continued to add new varieties of her 
lovely fern greetings cards. The merchandise list now boasts some 14 ranges and a total of 
over 50 individual products. We had to re-issue the merchandise list twice during the year, 
and members will have received these either through routine mailings, or when we fulfil 
orders. There is an up-to-date copy on the BPS website for those with Internet access. 

Mail order continues to be our main outlet for sales, and, as well as UK members, we have 
had orders from Canada, USA, Latvia and Eire. However, we did sell items face-to-face to 
members by making use of the national meetings at Hereford and Reading as well as our 
local East Anglian and South-East regional meetings. Also, as usual, we sold several items 
(not clothing) to the general public while manning the BPS stand at the NEC Gardeners' 
World Live! in June. As a new initiative, colleagues in the north sold a number of items at 
the Southport show and at their Leeds and North- West Regional Group AGMs. Overall 
during 2004, sales income amounted to nearly £800, slightly less than the £1,000 for 2003. 
So, what's new for 2005? Well, following the tradition of launching new items at our 
AGM, we have followed up members' requests by introducing a fleece with embroidered 
BPS logo and, in a small effort to help the environment, we have produced BPS labels for 
re-addressing envelopes. As a new venture, we will be selling the BPS Special Publications, 
both the existing stocks and new titles. We are also holding a sale of old stock, with 50% or 
more off a number of BPS products including small tee shirts, small sweatshirts and several 
BPS Centenary items - real bargains! 



M.S. Porter asked whether members km Ications were now available 

from Merchandising. B.D. Smith replied that a new Merchandise list including Special 
Publications had recently been prepared. This would be on the website shortly and copies 
sent with the next general mailing. Also, members ordering items were sent an up-to-date 
copy of the list. The possibility of a separate mailing was discussed, but it was noted that 
this would cost well over £100. 

10.4 - PLANT EXCHANGE (R.G. Ackers): The Plant Exchange List was compiled and 
distributed in October 2004. This followed two mailings requesting plants for offer. The 
first, included with the Bulletin mailing in March 2004 excluded from the reverse the form 
required for completion. This unfortunate omission caused considerable confusion. Despite 
this, some potential participants responded without the form using e-mail. However, a 
second problem occurred at the end of March 2004, when as a result of a computer failure, 
the organiser lost all of these e-mails. These problems necessitated a second circular, which 
was distributed with the Pteridologist at the end of August 2004. 
Once again, a Wants List was 
taxa reduced from 56 in 2003 t< 
the Wants List in the Bulletin t 
of fulfilment. 



luded in the Plant Exchange List. The number of wanted 
) in 2004. From 2005 onwards, the intention is to publish 
lcrease exposure and hopefully thus increase the chances 



offered are shown b 



Status Code 


Plant Status Description 


No. in 2003 


No. in 2004 


SpO 


Sporeling less than 1 year old 


3 


10 


Spl 


Sporeling 1-2 years old 


8 


13 


Sp2 


Sporeling 2-3 years old 


10 


13 


Esp 


Established plant 


3 


u 


Bui 


Bulbil 


7 





Rhs 


Rhizomes 


Q 


n 




Plant status not stated by donor 


21 


o 





Totals 


61 


58 



: shown below. The participant categories are r 
-. All categories receive a copy of the Plant Exchange List. 



Category of Participant 


20(13 


211114 


_^^l^^tkis_OTly offering plants) 


N 


6 


Donors also having Wants 


1 7 


5 


J^^f^njyjdi^ pl ants) 


9 


3 


id!l^queste^oidyJneither offering plants nor having 'wants') 


10 


16 


Total Number of Participants 


34 


30 



Based on the size of the BPS membership, p, 
considering the opportunity to acquire plants i 
numbers dropped sliehtlv in ?nru ™, . m^ 



i for 2005 is to include the form for the next list with the Pteridologist mailing 

*, and to produce the Plant Exchange List 2005 a couple of months later. A form 

ailing, for potential 

5 early pot of 2006. 

10.5 - SPORE EXCHANGE (B. & A. Wright): The exchange continues to be a popular 

service offered to members. The breakdown of the data from 2004 is as follows, with the 

figures for 2003 in square brackets. There were 133 [148] requests received and processed, 

resulting in the sending out of 2,247 [2,548] packets of spores. Of these, 99 [1 14] requests 

were from UK members (England 78 [95], Scotland 8 [13], Wales 13 [6]) and 34 [53] from 

overseas. This reaffirms the international nature of our exchange. The overseas requests 

were from Australia 1 [1], Austria 3 [1], Belgium 1 [1] Czech Republic 1 [1], Denmark I [2]. 

Eire 2 [2], Estonia 1 [1], Finland 1 [0], France 4 [3], Germany 3 [5], Japan 1 [0], Latvia 1 [0], 

Luxemburg 1 [1], Netherlands 2 [1], Poland 1 [2], Spain 1 [1], Switzerland 1 [0], USA 6 [9]. 

Out of the 679 [649] taxa on the 2004 list we had requests for 571 [575] them. 

Unfortunately, the spore list was sent out relatively late in the season owing to a delay in 

the publication of the Bulletin. We hope this did not inconvenience growers by dela> inu the 

time at which they could sow their spores. 

For the future we are considering adopting the approach of many of the seed exchanges that we 

are aware of. With these exchanges the list is available only c 

separate mailing by the seed d 

list request form with the Pn 

Christmas to all those wishing to r 

start date of the 1st February. This would enable us to complete the spore distribution by the end 

of April when we are becoming busy with other things ourselves. It would mean that we are 

busiest during February dealing with the initial rush and t 

during March and April. There are a number of advi 

produce and print more than 700 1 

and postage. Also, we would be in control over the whole process and would not be reliant c 

the publication date of the Bulletin. We would also plan to allow e-mail requests for the lists an 



Grateful thanks to all our loyal band of donors and thanks to all of the patient requesters, 

particularly those early birds that get caught up in the initial rush period immediately 

following the publication of the list. 

The general feeling of the meeting was that the proposal s 

possible small cost implication, was eminently sensible and u 

10.6 - HORTICULTURAL INFORMATION OFFICER (A.R. Busby): I was pleased to 

be able to assist the Curator of the Museum in Chepstow with information on that great fern 

grower, E.J. Lowe. It was part of an exhibition of local history in Monmouthshire. 

Other requests for help were mainly for advice on the cultivation of hardy ferns. Recently I 

had a query from a researcher asking for information on the distribution oiDryopteris in the 

Northern Hemisphere. This has been passed on to a number of academics in the Society, but 

if any members feel that they are in a position to help, kindly let A.R. Busby know. 

All the reports in this item were approved, proposed by B.A. Thomas and seconded by A.M. Paul. 

Item 11 _ ELECTION OF OFFICERS, COMMITTEE MEMBERS & INDEPENDENT 

EXAMINERS: With the exception of Mr RJ. Cooke, Conservation Officer and Recorder, who had 



i present officers of the Society \ 

less to stand. The Chairman than 
Society. Dr Fred Rumsey and Dr Heather McHaffie were 
jointly the position of Conservation Officer and F.J. Rumsey would also 
Proposed by R. W. Sykes, seconded by Mr H.C. Shepb 
Mr A.R. Busby had completed his term as Vice-President and was thanked for his 
contributions to the work of the Committee during his period of office. 
Of the present elected members of the Committee, Mr S.E. Czeladzinski, Mr M.L. Grant, Mr 
S.J. Munyard and Mr P.H. Ripley retired, being the longest serving members of the Committee 
(elected 2002). The Chairman thanked them for their service to the Society. Mr A.R. Busby 
(Proposed Miss J.M. Ide, seconded Mr P.H. Ripley) and Dr Michael Hayward (proposed Mr 
A.R. Busby, seconded Mr R. Smith) were nominated to be Elected Members of the 
Committee. The I urinations from the floor, they and the Elected Members 

eligible for re-election (R.G. Ackers, Dr Y.C. Golding, F. McGavigan and B.D. Smith) were 
elected unanimously en-bloc, proposed by Mr M.S. Porter, seconded by Mr B. Wright. 
Dr N.J. Hards was re-elected unanimously as Independent Examiner. Proposed by 
B.A. Thomas and seconded by Mrs J. Neal. 
Item 12 - ANY OTHER BUSINESS: 

12.1 - Resignation of Secretary: The Chairman announced that the Secretary, Miss 
J.M. Ide, had tendered her resignation with effect from the Annual General Meeting in 2006. It 
was her wish to contribute in other areas of BPS activities, which she was unable to do at 
present owing to the Secretarial workload. The work of the Secretary had grown greatly in the 
past seven years, and it was felt that this was an opportune moment to divide the work into two 
parts, one having responsibility for organising Committee meetings, the AGM, and writing the 
Minutes, the other having responsibility for the administrative work of the Committee. It was 
agreed that the Secretary should write a note, for insertion with the next mailing to the 
membership, outlining the two positions and seeking volunteers. 
Before closing the meeting the President addressed the membership: 
"I do not apologise for this long meeting. It is a reflection of the impressive level of activity in 
our Society. In closing the meeting it would be wrong if I did not, on behalf of all the members 
thank all those whose effort, time and skill made all these activities possible. Without them 
there would not be a Society worth belonging to. The regional programmes, the national 
programme, the publications, the sales and exchanges, and the vital but less obvious activities 
like membership administration, managing the funds, observing the requirements of our 
Charitable status, interacting with other societies and organisations and others, all require a 
great deal of hard work. The amount of work is probably not fully t 
have never been directly involved. Since being on the Committee I 
impressed by the level of commitment that some members have towards not only ferns but the 
BPS as well. I am not going to single out names because I would inevitably leave out several 
others deserving mention. Just look at our publications, programmes and other activities and 
■ imagination. However, none of these people will go on giving their services 
ire quite ambitious for a relatively small society and if we are going 
to maintain them, we need new people coming forward from the membership to take over 
these tasks, starting with the post of Secretary. Meanwhile, many thanks to all whose who 
' hip of the BPS so enjoyable for the rest of us." 

> further formal matters for consideration the Chairman declared the meeting 

Jennifer M. We 
Hon. Gen. Secretary 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2004 

ORDINARY ACCOUNT 



2003 


INCOME 


£15,674.54 


Subscriptions 


504.10 




0.00 






Spore Exchange 


147.80 


Merchandise 


0.00 


Plant Sale 


673.68 


Inland Revenue Gift Aid 


0.00 


Donations 


£17,000.12 


TOTAL INCOME 




EXPENSES 


3,532.25 


Pteridologist 




Fern Gazette 


3^819.60 


Bulletin 


405.59 


Printing & Stationery 


419.76 


Administration & Postage 



Plant & Spore Exchanges 



0.00 

725.08 


Booksales 
Trustees' Expenses 


0.00 
705.00 


£19,255.70 


TOTAL EXPENSES 


£13,119.76 


-2,255.58 
16,682.34 


Brought forward from previous year 
Total in Ordinary Account 


£20,170.66 



CENTENARY FUND 

171 World of Ferns 171 

Brought forward from previous year 

Total in Centenary Fund 

GREENFIELD FUND 

Total in Greenfield Fund 
PUBLICATIONS ACCOUNT 



33.75 137 Fern Names & Their Meann 

61.00 296 Cultivation & Propagatioi 

22.20 809 History of British Pteridolo 

7.50 426 BPS Abstracts & Papers 

54.96 15 CD Rom - BPS Minute Bo 

6,5 80.68 Brought forward from previou 

£7,265.75 Total in Publications Acco 



337 



Notes to the Accounts 

1 . The accounts reflect the subscriptions actually received in the year. 

2. BPS Booksales had assets of £4,153.00 (£5,361.24) at 31.12.2004. 

BPS Booksales repaid an advance of £1,000 (made in 1998) into the Ordinary Account. 

3. The Society also possesses the following assets: 

Back issues of the Bulletin, Fern Gazette and Ptehdologist valued at approximately £2,000. 
The editor of Pteridologist has a computer valued at £1,133.99 in 2001. 

4. The Society made a grant to Julie Barcelona from the Centenary Fund of £500. 
For further details see BPS Bulletin 2004 volume 6 number 3 page 256. 

5. The numbers of copies of publications are shown on either side of the title. 

Andrew Leonard, Honorary Treasurer 



MERCHANDISE ACCOUNTS 

The following Merchandise accounts for 2004 are presented separately, as the Merchandise 
organisers have a separate bank account and do their own accounting. 

MERCHANDISE ACCOUNT 

Expenditure -705.08 

Surplus for year 143.05 

Transfer to General Fund -121.20 

Balance carried forward £3,233.19 

:k 2,290.00 



BOOKSALES ACCOUNTS 

not shown separately. Not all the appropriate figure 



THE AMERICAN FERN SOCIETY 

The AFS invites all readers of this Bulletin to join the American Fern Society. You are welcome 

to visit the AFS website: amerfernsoc.org. Regular i 

times a year, a newsletter published for those v 

them and expanding their knowledge of ferns. Journal i 

quarterly American Fern Journal. Membership costs $19 and $32 per i 

members residing outside USA, Canada or 1 

delivery. For particulars please write to Dr George Yatskievych, Missouri Botanical Garden, 

P.O. Box 299, St Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, USA (george.yatskievych@mobot.org). Online 

credit card payment is now available for the AFS via the AFS website. 

AFS SUBSCRIPTION PAYMENTS: Our societies have an exchange arrangement whereby 

members of the BPS can pay their AFS subscription through the BPS Membership Secretary and 

vice versa. To take advantage of this, prospective members residing in Great Britain should contact 

Mr M.S. Porter, 5 West Avenue, Wigton, Cumbria CA7 9LG (Membership@eBPS.org.uk). 



33s 



EPS PLANNING MEETING 



Organisations of any size routinely perform planning exercises in order to take stock of their 
performance and to formulate their future direction. These planning processes can be anything 
from guesswork (inspired or not!) to a meticulous analysis and interpretation of market 
environmental factors. To my knowledge the Society has never recognised nor performed a 
separate exercise called 'planning'. Although we do discuss future plans at committee 
meetings, these discussions are often subsumed within the more urgent nature of current 
business. It was in this climate that the committee agreed that a meeting focused solely on 
planning could be worthwhile. The meeting was held in Edinburgh on the 3 December 2005 
Our starting point was the responses we received to the Members' Questionnaire distributed 
with the previous Bulletin. Adrian Dyer gave a summary of these responses in his 'President's 
Letter 2005' included with the autumn mailing. I produced a 'Report on Members' 
Questionnaire Responses' for discussion at our Committee Meeting on 1 8 June 2005. Some of 
the Officers also produced separate analysis notes on their areas - Meetings. Publications, 
Website, and Merchari 
these Officers in the course of their a 
so please let me know if you would like o 
One of the ironies of planning meetings is that they require planning (!), and therefore we 
prepared an agenda. However, it is an unwritten rule of planning meetings that they will not 
go according to plan! This one was no exception, for reasons I will explain sbortl) 
However, most of the morning did go according to plan, resulting in two very useful 
sessions conducted in an informal 'brainstorming' way. 

For the first session, we performed a SWOT analysis to take stock of our current situation. 
This technique requires us to focus on i 
internal to the Society), and the Opportuni 
world. The results (in no particular order) a 



. 



Strengths 


Weaknesses 


Regional groups 


Lack of succession planning 


Good meetings 


Shortage of volunteers 


Field botany 


Lack of task ownership 


Horticultural experience 


Size of membership (lack of critical mass) 


Journals 


Tendency to 'box above our weight' 


People (some!) 


Behind with Gazette production 


Amateur/professional relationships 


Website 


BPS is the only British fern society 


Lack of BPS publicity/promotion 


Good value for money 


Lack of external sales (of journals) 


Membership size stable 


We are too exclusive and inward looking 


Charitable status 


We get too bogged down in admin detail 


Our heritage 




Opportunities 


Threats 


Wide geographical spread in UK and abroad 


Decreasing number of professional 


Possible increase in interest in ferns 


pteridologists 


Promote BPS as a gardening society 


Aging membership 


Promote at garden centres & fern gardens 


Professionalism of BSBI and Plantlife 


Increased public interest in (plant) conservation 


Changing fashions result in possible 


More recording 




Aid in identifying ferns of unknown provenance 




Funding opportunities (because of charitable 




status) 





During the second session v 



r Critical Success Factors (CSFs). These a 



t absolutely 'get right' in order to surv 
are seven or eight. Again, in no particular order, these are shown below. 

• Effective administration by the recruitment of volunteers and good 
planning. 

• Effective financial management. 

• A strategic planning function. 

• The timely production of attractive and stimulating journals. 

• An informative website that is kept up to date. 

• Running successful meetings enjoyed by attendees. 

• Maintaining membership levels. 

Although our third session was planned, it was not intended to dominate the rest of the day 
as it did. The agenda item was rather pompously called 'Officer succession planning and the 
shortfall dilemma'. Ideally, there should be a 'blue sky' aspect to planning meetings, but at 
this one we were faced with a more urgent problem. Several of our Officers are either 
resigning, or have indicated their intention to do so. Replacements were proving difficult to 
come by, and so we decided to focus on how to fill these gaps. Some of the points emerging 

• All Officer post are unpaid and thus voluntary, therefore we depend on the goodwill 
of talented members to fill these posts. 

• We do have several individuals who over the years have provided an outstanding 

• Some of the jobs can be very onerous, and it was with this in mind that a decision 
was taken to split the job of Secretary (there was a circular about this with the 
Ptehdologist mailing). 

• Although Officers can of course resign at any time, some of the jobs seem to be 
open-ended, with postholders continuing for many years. 

• It was highly desirable that potential Officers serve as elected committee members 
first, and so more 'new faces' should be encouraged to join the committee. 

• People recently retired from their main employment may welcome the new set of 
challenges provided by serving on our committee. 

• The President should approach certain people in an attempt to fill some of the gaps 

Whether or not this last activity will have been successful should become apparent at our 
AGM on 25 March 2006. The results of the planning meeting will be discussed at our 
committee meeting on 28 January 2006. As this article needs to go to press before that 
date, please contact our Secretary if you would like any feedback on that committee 

Notwithstanding those committee discussions, it is hoped that the SWOT analysis and CSFs 
will act as guidelines for the actions of future committees. It is all too easy for Officers to 
become engrossed in short-term needs, thereby potentially losing focus on other matters o 
equal importance. 



BPS PLANT EXCHANGE SCHEME 
FERN 'WANTS' LIST 

The Plant Exchange Scheme provides an opportunity for members to exel 
plants by offering plants and requesting 'wants'. The plants on offer were 
recently circulated 'Plant Exchange List - November 2005'. Members nu\ still i 
by contacting me by e-mail to receive an electronic version, or by post enclosi 
receive a paper version (contact details on the inside front cover). Ho\vo\er. t 
by the time of publication of this Bulletin some of the plants on offer w ill ha\e 
In order to give requesters a greater chance of success, for the first time the 
being published in the Bulletin to provide a greater exposure. Please would rea 
list to see if they have (and can spare) any of the plants requested and then get 
the requester directly to arrange delivery. 

Recipients should reimburse postage, so please count the stamps and assess t 
costs before discarding. Round up for good measure and send the money (stam 
by return. Also, please inform me of any successful receipts. To some extent I 









Name 


Requester 




SP 


Adiantum edgeworthii 


JB 


Adiantum formosanum 


MC 


Asplenium ceterach 'Cristatum' 


TB 


Asplenium scolopendrium 'Cornutum Abruptum' 


TB 


Asplenium scolopendrium 'Crispum Moly' 


JF 


urn 'Crispum Robinson' 


JF 


Asplenium scolopendrium 'Crispum Variegatum Bolton' 


JF 


Asplenium scolopendrium cultivars 


TB 


Asplenium scolopendrium 'Glomerata' 


JF 


Asplenium scolopendrium 'Golden Queen' 


JF 


Asplenium trichomanes Tncisum Moule' 


SP 


Athyrium filix-femina 'Fieldiae' 


JF 


Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae' 


JN 


Athyrium filix-femina (rare varieties, good price paid) 


SW 


Blechnum spicant 'Congestum' 


TB 


Blechnum spicant 'Cristatum' 


TB 


aid's Serrate' 


TB 


Botrychium lunaria 


MC 


_Carnptosorus rhizophyllus 


PK 


Cheilanthes albomarginata 


RJ 


Cheilanthes bonariensis 


RJ 


Cheilanthes distans 


JB 


Cnemidaria horrida 


SJ 


Cryptogramma crispa 


JN,MC 


_Cyathea (any) 


EG 


Davallia fejeensis 


JB 



Dicksonia (any except D. antarctica) 


EG 


Doodia media 


JN 


Dryopteris cristata 


JB 


Dryopteris submontana 


JR 


in crinitum 


SJ 


Gleichenia sp. 


SJ 


Goniophlebium (Polypodium) subauriculatum 


PK 


Matteuccia (any) 


EG 


Onychium japonicum 


JB,JN 


Oreopteris limbosperma 


EG 


una pallida 


RJ 


.in (any) 


EG 


Platyzoma microphylla 


SJ 


Polypodium sp. (rare varieties, good price paid) 


sw 


Polypodium lachnopus 


SJ 


Polypodium lycopodioides 


PK 


Polystichum lonchitis 


MC 


Polystichum prescottianum 


MC 


mi rigens 


JN 


Polystichum setife >od price paid) 


SW 


Pyrrosia (any) 


EG 


Pyrrosia polydactyla 


SJ 


Woodsia polystichoides 


MC 


Woodwardia unigemmata 


JN 



Requester's Contact Details 

Where full contact details have not been given, please refer to the Membership List 

published in the 2004 Bulletin. 

EG Miss Eleanor Glover, 3 1 Redannick Lane, Truro, Cornwall TR1 2 JR. 

JB Mrs J. Basil, 14 Royden Lane, Boldre, Lymington S041 8PE. Tel. 01590 676538. 

JF John Finch, 22 Victoria Street, Gillingham, Kent ME7 1 EW. 

E-mail: johnfinch@blueyonder.co.uk. 
JN Joy Neal, Llwyncelyn, Glandyfi, Machynlleth, SY20 8SS. Tel/fax. 01654 781203. 

E-mail: joy@glandyfi.fsnet.co.uk. 
JR Jeremy Roberts, Eden Croft, 2 Wetheral Pasture, Carlisle, CA4 8HU. 

Tel. 01228 560164. E-mail: fjr@edencroft2.demon.co.uk. 
MC Michael Collins, Long Leys Farm, Leys Road, Cumnor, Oxford OX2 9QG. 

Tel. 01865 865809. 
PK Pieter Kastelein, 'Cruach', Manse Brae, Lochgilphead, Argyll PA3 1 8QZ. 

Tel. 01546 602388. E-mail: kastelein@btinternet.com. 
RJ Rodney Johnson, 9 Barnfield Road, Boltington, Nr. Macclesfield, Cheshire SK10 5DZ. 

Tel. 01625 574467. E-mail: r.johnson77@ntlworld.com. 
SJ Stephen Jakusz, 14 Kaimes Gdns., Livingston Village, West Lothian, EH54 7D4. 

Tel. 01506416508. 
SP Mr S. Plant. 
SW Stuart Worth, 1 7 Willow Tree Lane, Hayes, Middlesex UB4 9BD. 

Tel. 078 341 54648. E-mail: stuart@eurorep.co.uk. 
TB Tim Brock, 108 Rushes Road, Petersfield, Hampshire GU32 3 AS. 

Tel. 01730 301 153. E-mail: TIM-brock@wshsc.nhs.uk. 

Graham Ackers 



OBITUARIES 



prof, hodolfo pichi sermolli 



1912-2005 

25th April 2005, 



Rodolfo Emilio Giuseppe Pichi Sermolli died at the grand age of 9 
having just finished (with his wife Paola Bizzarri and Riccardo Baldini) a painstaking 
of over 390 pages on the pteridophyta collected by Raddi in Brazil between 1 8 1 7 and 
He unfortunately passed away just before it was published. He joined the BPS in 1954. 




Rodolfo (affectionately 'Pichi' to the international fern fraternity) began studying Natural 
History at the Botanical Institute University of Florence in 1931. He had a wide interest in 
ecology, and the study of the flora and vegetation of the serpentines of the Alto Valle del 
Tevere became the subject of his thesis, completed in 1935. The previous year he assisted in an 
Italian mission for the agricultural study of Cyrenaica, and thus came into contact with the flora 
and vegetation of an arid zone. In 1937 he joined, as a plant collector, a four-month expedition 
to Lake Tana and the Semien Mountains in Ethiopia, where he also made observations on the 
ecology of the area. This, his first journey to Ethiopia, gave him both a basis and an interest in ferns 
of drier areas and the tropical African flora on which he worked so much later in his career. 
During World War II, he saw active service but also lost all his possessions, including his library 
and manuscripts, when his apartment in Florence was destroyed. In 1947 he got a grant from the 
British Council to study in the libraries and herbaria of Kew and the British Museum. Most of 
his time was devoted to the study of his Ethiopian collections but he became a close friend of the 
then Deputy Keeper of Botany, Arthur Exell, whose speciality was also the Central Africa flora. He 
was also much involved in the activities of AETFAT (Association pour 1 'Etude Taxonomique 
de la Flore d'Afrique Tropicale) and was a secretary of this organisation from 1960 to 1963. 
Around this time he became interested in nomenclatural questions, which led to his 
nomination as Secretary of the Special Committee for Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta set 
up by the 7th Botanical Congress in Stockholm (1950), and later of the Special Committee 
for Pteridophyta (1954-1987) of which he became the Chairman in 1987. Throughout his 
life, his opinions on these matters were always considered seriously. These investigations led 
to him becoming involved, as editor, with the fourth supplement of Index Filicnm (1965). 

343 



He was an avid collector and built up an i I plant press was always part 

of his baggage, even if there was no scheduled field trip on his itinerary! Besides his trips to 
Central and Southern Africa, he travelled also to the Himalaya, Central and South America, 
Malesia, New Zealand, Fiji and Hawaii, and throughout Mediterranean Europe. Pichi 
Sennolli contributed regularly to a small group organised by Walter Calle that exchanged 
herbarium material of pteridophytes, and published notes under the heading l Pteridopkyta 
Exsiccata - Etude critique des Fougeres d 'Europe'. In the early sixties when a British and 
Irish group launched the Flora Europaea project, he was involved as regional advisor for 
Italy and not only attended all the annual symposia, but also organised the second Flora 
Europaea symposium in Genoa (1961), where he was then Professor. 
When Pichi moved to the University of Perugia in the early 1970s he was able to devote more 
of his time to the classification of fern genera, resulting in his well known 1977 publication 
Tentamen pteridophytorum genera in taxonomicum ordinem redigendi, in which he presented 
his classification of all living pteridophyte families, a catalogue of all genera he recognised, 
and comments on phylogenetic affinities of families and genera and their taxonomic position. 
He kept abreast of other useful disciplines that might increase our understanding of fern 
relationships, publishing, in 1977 with A. & D. Love, the Cytotaxonomical Atlas of the 
Pteridophyta. In 1986, when spore studies were beginning, Pichi Sermolli, together with 
I cnanni. Ciampolini and Marchetti, published the Iconographia Palynologica Ptendophytorwn 
Italiae, which not only contains 550 SEM photographs of spores of Italian pteridophytes, but 
also nomenclatural, cytological, distributional and ecological notes. 

In 1993 he became the third President of the International Association of Pteridologists, 
following Herb Wagner. He also played an active role in the establishment of the Group of 
European Pteridologists (GEP) and in 1994 he co-organised the GEP European fern 
conference in Aulla (Italy) and field trip into the Apuan Alps. 

Pichi was a prodigious worker. In about 75 years, he published over 160 scientific papers 
I Webbia 48. 1993) comprising a total of almost 7,000 pages. He 
; in detail his point of view, and he set an 
, tenacity and very well documented opinion, 
equally detailed, to the point of 
l to remind him of the time! Best were those lectures given 
in his native tongue, one of which I enjoyed in Menorca in the late 1980s, when he 
discussed generic limits in Aspleniaceae. I did not have to understand Italian for his 
enthusiasm and sincerity to burst through; nobody was left unaware of his views! 
I am grateful to Ronnie Viane, whose excellent obituary in GEP News 13 (2005), based on 
a review (in Italian) by Paola Bizzarri in honour of Pichi Sermolli's 80th birthday in 1993 
(Webbia 48: 701-733), was the source of much of this information. 

Clive Jermy 



Dr CHARLES DENNIS ADAMS 1920 - 2005 

The field of Tropical Biology, and in particular Caribbean Ecology and Plant Systematica 
lost one of its most erudite scholars with the passing of Dr Charles Dennis Adams on the 
2005. Dennis was born on the 23rd March 1920 in Shinfield, Berkshire, 
i King's College, University of London from 1937 to 1939. In 1940 he 
5 and volunteered for Military Service in the British Army. Moving up the 
I Officer in the Weapon Training School in the Royal Artillery Depot, 
Woolwich, he ended his military career as a Major in the Royal Artillery in 1946. This was 
a significant period in his life for self discovery and his marriage in 1942 to Elsie, who died 
in 1986 ending 44 years of a fulfilling and loyal partnership. 




College to resume his universin education, 
graduating with 2nd Class Honours in his BSc 
General (Botany. Chemistry, Zoology) in 1948 
and obtaining 1st Class Honours in a BSc 
Special (Botany) for which he was au aided 
the Carter Prize in Botany in 1949. A brilliant 



Post-war Britain was grim and depressing, and 
the opportunity to start a new life and career 
in one of the Crown Colonics, the (iold Coast 
(now Ghana), beckoned. A lectureship at the 
newly established University College of (iold 
Coast (University of Ghana) marked the 
beginning of a long and distinguished 
academic career in tropical plant ecology and 
.^^tfP****t$ taxonomy. His sojourn in Ghana from 1949 to 

photo: Derek Adams (NHM Photo Studio) African vegetation and flora, focusing on 
pteridophytes and Compositac. establishing 
Dennis Adams, April 2000 many n£W taxa combinations and records . 

The lure of writing and publishing Caribbean Floras took him to Jamaica to join the University 
College of the West Indies, Mona Campus (now the University of the West Indies) as a 
lecturer. The Jamaican era (1959-1976) would establish Dennis' reputation as the esteemed 
author of the Flowering Plants of Jamaica (1972) and other popular books such as The Blue 
Mahoe & Other Bush and Caribbean Flora. His formal academic career ended as a Senior 
Lecturer and Reader in Botany at the St Augustine Campus of the U.W.I, from 1976 to 1980. 
CD. Adams the scholar was equally matched by Dr Adams the lecturer. To many of his students 
he was a conscientious and gifted teacher who imparted his knowledge with humility, 
simplicity and clarity. A stickler for organisation and details, nothing escaped his sharp eyes 
and quick wit. Spelling errors or inaccurate use of terminology were the ultimate travesty in 
scientific writing! These were perfect attributes for a reviewer, and his expertise was always 
in demand. While he applauded modern technology, computer jargon made him cringe. 
On retirement, he came full circle to his homeland and became an Honorary Associate at 
The Natural History Museum in London, where flora research continued uninterrupted. He 
soon became involved with Flora Mesoamericana, contributing the accounts of Asptenium 
in as well as many genera of flowering plants, and several other Caribbean studies 
involving phytogeography, ethnobotany and conservation. One of the high points of hi- retirement 
was a UN/FAO (United Nations/Food and Agriculture Organization) assignment in 1983 to the 
Maldives where he "math an extensiw survey of'tlh Vara and * prohahh the only authority on 
the subject" (Webb, P.A. 1988. Maldives People and Environment. Media Transasia Lt. Thailand). 
At the personal level he was a very modest and private individual who shunned the limelight. In 
his spare time he taxononiiscd" his precious stamp collection. Close friends enjoyed his 
delightful company, with his quick repartee and double entendre. A number of tributes to Dennis 
were published in 2000 in 77k Fern Gazette (Vol. 16, pts 1-2: 1-10) to mark his 80th birthday. 
We extend our deepest sympathies to Dennis' two surviving younger brothers, Michael and 
John Adams. 

Yasmin S. E 



RICHARD F. CARTWRIGHT 1910 - 2005 

Dick Cartwright joined the Society in 1959 and quickly became involved with the 
Society's activities. In 1963 he volunteered to become the Society's Colour-slide 
Librarian and encouraged members to donate slides of ferns and fern allies to build up a 
comprehensive collection for the Society. In 1966 he was instrumental in providing a 
table demonstration of ferns for the BPS at the Royal Horticultural Society's June Show 
in London. 
In addition to his interest in growing ferns, he was a keen member of the Alpine Garden 

In 1975, due to the illness of David Russell, Dick agreed to take over the Society's Spore 
Exchange Scheme and in the fourteen years he was responsible for it, the list of spores 
available to members topped over 500 species and forms. He was a frequent attendee at the 
Society's field meetings and always attended the West Midland Regional meetings. We also 
enjoyed his company at the Southport Flower Show during the 1970s, where many 
enquirers benefited from his wide experience of growing ferns and alpines. 
In recognition of his services to the Society he was elected an Honorary Member in 1989. 

Matt Busby 



Although I only met Dick for the first time around 1970, I know he had a tough time 
serving in North Africa during World War II. While on duty delivering a despatch on a 
motorcycle he was blown up driving over a land mine. He was of course seriously injured, 
having part of one leg amputated and the other never fully recovered. He said to me many 
years later that he sometimes wished they had removed the other leg as well as it caused 
him so much discomfort. 

Despite this dreadful legacy from the war, Dick was a very cheerful character who lived life 
to the full. In 1973 he drove Jimmy Dyce to visit me in Savoie in the French Alps, a long 
drive for anyone but all the more remarkable considering his handicap. We managed to get 
into the Alps a little, where Dick was very much at home in grassland liberally sprinkled 
with gentians, reflecting his love of alpines as well as ferns. On one sortie we were looking 
for Woodsia ilvemis near Mont Blanc. Typically, I had gone on ahead while Dick followed 
at his own pace - and he found the best fern of the day - Asplenium septentrionale growing 
by the side of the path! 

During the late 1950s and 1960s he was in many ways Jimmy Dyce's right hand man. 
Lning in Harlow in Essex, not far from Jimmy in Loughton, he was ideally placed to help 
Jimmy with organising meetings and other more routine Society business. I think Jimmy 
knew Dick before he joined the Society, I cannot remember how they met but it may have 
been through the local wine society. 

During the 1970s he moved to Peopleton in Worcestershire. Not much later I moved over to 
live in Herefordshire. Occasionally my work took me to his area and if I had time I would 
call in out of the blue. Dick and his wife Audrey always made me feel most welcome, often 
giving me lunch. He still had some good ferns in his small garden, notably Polystkhum 
setiferum 'Moly's Green', while his third bedroom was a BPS office for the spore 
exchange! 

The Society has every reason to be grateful to Dick for helping guide the Society through 
the difficult times of the 1960s and '70s; without him stepping in to take over the spore 
exchange our membership number would have decline 



Martin Rickard 



ALLAN MCGREGOR STIRLING 1924 - 2004 

It was due to the southern polypody that I met someone soon to be called one of the best 
field botanists in Scotland. Reading of discoveries south of the Border, and of Hick 
Roberts' and Donal Synnott's work with pressed fronds, which showed that its range 
extended into Scotland and NE Ireland, I felt that this fern might grow in our mild west. A 
mutual friend suggested I get in touch with Allan Stirling to get his opinion. Allan hid his 
t well at the thought of Polypodium anstrale (P. cambricum) occurring in SW 

Lhis was in 1971 when, despite the C 

I perception was that 'southern' specie 



Allan had long been a member of the Glasgow Natural History Society, going on main of 
their European trips as well as joining some of the Carr Botanical Expeditions to Spain, so 
he already had a wide knowledge of plant communities. As a keen bryologist, I 
eye for mosses told him where the more basic rocks were. Armed with The I 
Scotland (Robertson et al. 1949) and a good microscope to look for b 
he was ready for what we called 'the great polypody 
polypody in eleven sites, the rare hybrid P. xfont-queri (P. vulgare > 
Maidenbower Craigs near Dumfries and a colony of P. x rothmalei 
P. interject wn), now called P. xshivasiae, on the Solway c 
Roberts helped considerably. The findings were published in 1972 (British Fern Gazette) 
and 1973 (Watsonia). 

With the assistance of Anne Sleep, Allan next tackled what was then regarded as Asplenium 
mieifoliiun. but is now generally considered just a serpentine form of A. adiantuw-nifinim 
Following old records for curious forms of black spleenwort and clues in Jimmy Dyce's 1957 
Gazette paper, and armed with Anne's tiny glass tubes, Allan went all over Scotland to 
serpentine outcrops collecting tiny bits of living fronds. About 16 sites were found in Scotland. 
He and Dick Roberts reported their findings in the Gazette in 1974, and four years later, with 
three others, including Anne Sleep, Allan wrote on this fern's chromosome counts. 
Allan felt that the limestones of Inchnadamph in Sutherland might yield the rare Potystickum k 
iUyricum (P. aculeatum x P. lonchitis), first found in Ireland in 1932. He went north in 1973, 
and with Nature Conservancy permission took three fronds; Anne Sleep confirmed them. Later 
that year they visited Inchnadamph and found almost 40 crowns; this was published in 
Watsonia the next year. 

It is believed that he wrote or assisted with between 40 and 50 papers and articles. He was 
BSBI recorder for VC 99 (Dunbartonshire) from 1961 till 1987 when Ayrshire became vacant 
- he'd always wanted VC 75. 1 took over his old VC on the proviso that he named 'criticals' - 
roses, sedges, hawkweeds, dandelions, willows and brambles, all of which he mastered, 
working with experts in the field until he was able to name other people's difficult plants. In 
the 1970s the BPS visited Colvend by the Solway; some members were startled when two 
people arrived with a big polystyrene fish box in the boot filled with fresh fronds of puzzling 
Dryopteris and p i i ve Jermy ! 

Allan was generous not only with his time, but was also my 'wheels'. He was game for many 
things, happily diverting to an antique shop or plant nursery where he would examine what he 
called 'weedy things'. We worked well as a team; my vertigo kept me at the base of cliffs and 
steep places while he explored above. He was 

little small talk, he could be the life and soul of the party. He will t 

remembered by his truly vast herbarium, which has been donated to the Royal Botanic Garden, 

Edinburgh, and the duplicates will eventually find their way to the Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow. 

Alison Rutherford 

347 



DAVID ROGER GIVEN 1943 - 2005 

David Given was a plant systematist who specialised in the predominantly New Zealand genus 
( 'ehnisia. I le took a particular interest in the Chatham Islands and their fern flora, and was 
actively engaged in a programme to determine the age, origin and evolution of that flora. But it 
was his pioneering work in New Zealand plant conservation where he excelled, working for 
the NZ DSIR (Dept of Scientific and Industrial Research) until 1991. During that time he was 
involved with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, and became a member 
of their Species Survival Commission's Steering Committee. In 1997 he was asked to chair 
their Plant Conservation Committee and he continued to inspire and steer this group until 2004. 
He and I met in the UK in 1974 when he visited the Natural History Museum and Kew. In 
1983, at the International Botanical Congress in Sydney, David joined me and other 
ts in forming the International Association of Pteridologists. We set up a number of 
and David became chair of the IAP Conservation Committee. Two years later the 
IUCN/SSC invited members of that group to become the SSC Specialist Group for 
Pteridophyta, with David as its first chair. He had begun preparing a Pteridophyte Action Plan 
and prepared a draft list of the Top 50 most endangered ferns. He gave the keynote address at 
the international symposium the BPS organised with the SGP in the UK in 2001 . 
David died on 27th November 2005, in Christchurch, New Zealand, after a brave battle with 
cancer. His loss is felt most deeply by the many he mentored throughout the conservation fraternity. 
He was always positive in his advice, which was usually given with a witty sense of humour. 

Clive Jermy 

IN MEMORIAM 

We were also sorry to learn of the death of the following members (date joined BPS in brackets): 

M. Yves Bernard of Hauts-de-Seine, France (1980) 

Mrs Elaine Borwick of Perthshire (1982) 

Mr Gerald G. Edwards of Fife (2003) 

Dr Gerhard Schulze of Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (1965). In 1981 Gerhard attended a 

BPS meeting in Wales, when his "fern knowledge was a great asset to the party". He will be 

missed on GEP meetings, where he always enjoyed interesting discussions on ferns. He 

recorded several new fern species for Corsica and Germany. 

Dr Trevor G. Walker of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1960); obituary to be published in the 2006 Bulletin. 

MEMBERSHIP LIST: ADDITIONS AND AMENDMENTS 
NEW MEMBERS 

* new members 2005. ** new member-. 2006, # members rejoined 2005, ## members rejoined 2006 

* Adams, Mr T.L., P.O.Box 1271, Mendocino, California 95460-1271, USA 

* Alexander, Ms I \1 *) ( im no \ ncm is « innda ( alilo ni i '4563-3303, USA 

* Ashcroft, Dr C, 20 Ivygrcen R ,,| v , Manchester M2 1 9ET. 

Carl_Ashcroft@yahoo. co.uk 
**Baksh-Comeau, Mrs Y.S., c/o National Herbarium of Trinidad & Tobago, U.W.I., St 
Augustine, Trinidad, West Indies 

r Hill, Brackley, Northants. NN13 5RH 
"lONBrowncliffLn., Bloomington. Indiaiui 4"40S- 1323, USA. 



* Bfgqwist, Mr T., Asbovagen 1, Staffanstorp, 24538, Sweden 
Bhoomkar Rom A.A., Kerwani Romswadc 1 1 olymoorside, 

Chesterfield, Derbys. S42 7BW 
! n 13 ^ M , r V^-i, 2000 Hoover Ave, Oakland, California 94602-1924, USA 
*Braddock,MrC.A.,24Ho!; >K17 9DF 

Brunkard Ms K., 102 Moore Hall, East Stroudsberg University, 200 Prospect St., East 
Stroudsberg, Pennsylvania 18301-2999 USA 



* Campion, Mr P.J., Lake Vie m CA12 4RG 

* Casdorph, MrD.G., P.O.Box 2480, Monrovia, California 91017-6480, USA 
' Clayton, Ms M.L., 218 E Ridgeview Dr, Bloomington, Indiana 47401-73: 

* Cohen, Mr K., Booksellers, 1205 N Matterhorn R< 

* Coppert, Mr D.M., 101 Westwood Dr, West Lafaj 

* Correia da Fonseca, Mr J.P.F., Rua de Alcantara f 

* Curry, Mrs J.. I >!. hmond, N. Yorks. DL1 1 6HR 
♦Dabner, Mr S.F., 57 Heygarth Road, Wirral, Mersevside CH62 8AJ 

* Dawes, Mrs R.A., Rosedale, Chapel Lane, Trefonen, Oswestry, Shropshire SY10 9DX. 

dawes.rosedale@btinternet.com 

■ Dillon, Mr M. & Mr S. Munroe, Teach na Coille, Cloonaherna. Tulla, Co.Clare, Eire 

eld Road, Glvncoch. Pontypridd. Mid Glamorgan CI <~ 
3 AG, Wales. Brian.Dockerill@btinternet.com 
♦Edwards, Mr M., P.O.Box 499. B dscape.com.au 

Mr W.L., Am Bronzehuegel S<\ ^olf cisethardi a -m\ nei 

■ .0-0623, USA 
» Fox, Mr S.C., Rook rd. HR4 7RL 

■ Fox, Mrs M, Waterloo Cottage, 23 Main Road, Boiton-Ie-Sands. Carnforth, Lanes. LA5 8DQ. 

FKCFOX@aol.com 
Fraser, Mr R.P.W., 175 Arbutus Road, Salt Spring Island, B.C. V8K 1 A3, Canada. 
thimble@saltspring.com 
*Ganss, Mr O., Im Tiefen Weg 27, Bensheim, 64625. Germany. Otto.Ganssw t-online.de 
Iks, Dr J .. 220 N Highland Ave, Pearl River, New York 10965-1005. USA. 
J2hanks@aol.com 
*Gass, Mr J.K., 35 King's Road, Belfast, BT5 6JG, N. Ireland 

* Glover, Miss Ft I ruro, Cornwall TR1 2JR 

* Grandison, Dr A.L., 34B Bamsb si im nhs uk 
, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria LA6 INN 

/ York, New York 10014-1563, USA 

* Hansell, Dr S.J., 47 Tennyson Road, Maldon, Essex CM9 6BE 

'* Hardy, Dr F.G., 29 Archibald Street, Go- vne NE3 1 EB 

■ H., Dept of Ecolog & a orth Hall. University of 

Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 - 2106, USA 
(i 1 Mi \ )40 Mi \ e\W St J \\ - uhidbey.net 

* Hopes, Mr W.S., 1 Weyview Crescent, Broadwey, Weymouth. Dorset DT3 5NR 

* Hudson, Dr J.E.N. , Dept. ot i f louston State University, 

Huntsville, Texas 77341-21 16, USA 

* Iwatsuki, Prof. K, 815-29 Kamoshida, Aoba-ku, Yokohama Z 

! 1154 DY. 
Scotland 

* Johnson, Mr I.R.S., Berrymoor Cottage, Highbank Hill, Kirkosvvald, Penrith, Cumbria CA10 1EZ 

* Johnson, Mr R.A. & Mrs S., 9 Barnfield Road, Bollington, Nr Macclesfield, Cheshire SK10 5DZ 

* Jones, Mr I.K.. 5 St George's Road, Rhos-on-Sea, Colwyn Bay LL28 4HF, Wales. 

grasstrees@btinternet.com 

* Kanno, Ms B., Department of Bioloa\ . C ■ -Northridge. P.O.Box 

280067. N„ 328-0067, USA .. 

mds. FA.Keijzer@rugJil 

* Kilcoyne, Miss M.M., 5 The Orchard, Ashley, Newmarket CB8 9EA 

* Knight. Mrs E.H.. 1 1 58 5th Avenue, New York, New York 10029, USA 

: , .. -^ , 

'* Lamade, Dr CD., 1734 Ravine Rd, WilMamsport, Pennsylvania 17701-1728, USA. fenhngvi@aol.com 
; amant-\ oirin, Mrs C. Rompe-Coual RN7, Le Luc en Provence, 83340, France 

* Lang, Dr F.A., 535 Taylor St, Ashland, Oregon 97520-3129. USA. frlang a charter not 

* Longley, Mr M. R Hants. SO40 3LA 

* Lowell, Mrs H.M. &MrJ. J7 ) ^, t rrCA 

* MacQucen, Ms s >4 sn i Swi \partmeni -L. Freeport, New York 11520-4331, USA. 

* Mcllwaine, Mr j!^2 Ho^efield Way, Rooley Lane, Bradford, West Yorks. BD5 8AA 

" Miller. Mr J. R Conistoi i 2 Lakeland Part Ke.uick. Cumbria CA12 4AT. 

JONATHAN. RMILLER@TISCALI.CO.UK h n , . 

Morris Arboretum, University of Pennsylvania, 100 Northwestern Ave, Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia 19118 USA 
'* Moser, Mr W., P.O. Box 819, Beeville, Texas 78 104-08 19, USA 
Munroe, Mrs A., 340 AN Co. Rd. 2108, Palestine, Texas 75801-4332, USA 

* Needham, Mr E., c/o Derrow, Kelliwith, Feok, Truro, Cornwall TR3 6QZ 



, Lueftenegj Austria 

McIioImmi. Ms t D.. \\ me Port Lodge, Brodick, Arran KA27 SHY, Scotland 

* O'Connor, Mr A., 24 St Martins Road, West Drayton, Middx. UB7 7EP 

* Ortscheit, Mr A., Association des Amis du Jardin Botanique du Col de Saverne, 85 Grand'rue, 

Saverne, 67700, France 
N Pacheco, Dra. L., Depto. de Biologia, Univ. Auto. Metropol. - Iztapalapa, Aptdo. Postal 55- 
535, Mexico D.F. 

-:e Avenue, 
Ephraim, Utah 84627-1550, USA 

* Parrv. Dr M.G. & Master \ I Plumpton Green, Lewes, East 

Sussex BN8 4EN 
■ Peterson. Mr DR.. Squirrel I [eights Gardens, 6934 S.E. 45th A 

* Phillips, Mr P.L.. 23 15 53iJ 

* Pollard. Mr K.J 

» Powell, MrS.. l6Cowbi >BT, Wales 

> Prendergast, Mr A.R., 30 Houndiscombe Road, Plymouth, Devon PL4 6HQ 

Radford, Mr M, Yen I ree ( i h avion, Notts. DN22 OLG 

'Rami. MrM AV..2I Pine R, S053 1LH 

* Reade, Mr P.L., 51 Farm Road. ndsB68 8RD 

t Reed, Mr G., 22a Charlton Road, Aynho, Banbury, Oxon. OX17 3AD 

Pkwy., Piano, Texas 75074-3300, USA 

"' "irleywoodD. \lban Oie-on T321-9651, USA 



)liographico, CSIC, 



way. Mr J.T., 44 Merk )i\ Jon sel\\a\ a iiscali.co.uk 

aw. Mr S., 348 Ston ermont 05860-9262, USA 

" ■ ^McNeelyC 
103-1022, USA 

-*Y,MrD.F.. 18 Pi 

Smith. 
##Stapp, 

101989@lizzy.com.au 

* Steffen, Mr R., 1825 296th St., Federal Way, WA 98003, USA 

' Stensvold, M on, USDA Forest Service, 204 Siginaka 

Way, Sitka, Alaska 99835, USA. mstensvold@fs.fed.us 

* Storie, Mr A., 3 Ewing Sn Scotland 

* Stuart, Mr T., P.O.Box 5 7 ork 10519-0517, USA 

Bronx, New 
York 10458-5126, USA. msundue@nybg.org 

* Theobald. Mi 5 ^359, Germany. HTheobald@gmx.net 

** Thiemann, Mr R.& Mrs A., ImTuessenberc n. arcor.de 

** Tiffin, Miss S., 28 Union Street, Camborne. Cornwall TR14 8HG 

* Traylor. Mr D.L., 7724 Hickory Road. Pel e ?-] 332, USA 
'•Wagner, Di D.H , 97401, USA 

■ J dkms. Mr \1 ! Xruvl] p A34 4X q Scot l and 

. I id Glamorgan CF35 5QJ, Wales 
- - 
RobertWillis@bellsouth.net 

V. 4.55 i.vnton Road, Bolton, Lanes. BL3 3BD. alastairl 1952@aol.com 

* Wolsing-List, Ms L., 5005 McHugh 1 ,.■■ ,49, USA 
Woodward. \1 keston, Derbys. DE7 5PF. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS 

Cameron, Mr J.B.C., PO Box 16938, Nairobi, 00620, Kenya 

Coppert Mr D ' !iana 46227-2706, USA 

ife DD6 8AR, Scotland 
£■ L M w A -J-' 105 < 2F3 ) Grant °n Road, Edinburgh EH5 3NJ, Scotland 
?' aS ;^^; x" ?n°o^ rd Street ' A P l - 204 ' M4X 1K1, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
S A^'huHf ^f mC Road " Ra ' mc > Si NUn-v., Mu itin 'don. ( tmbs. PE26 2TL 
Hammond, Mr P.W., Flat 4, De- ndon W 4 4JB 

K?*n i n 18 f ?, eechdene Gr «ve. I B23 6PN 

Kato, Dr M., Dept. of Botam . ! ,, 1() Tsukuba 30 5-0005, Japan 

Leslie, Mr A.C., 109 York Street B I 2PY 



\lor-an. Mi ( .\Y.. I he Pi] J HR2 9BP 

Nicholson, Mr B., ECL, PO Box 176, Norwich, Norfolk NR9 3WW 

Nielsen. Mr. I. II.. Groennegade 24 ST. Nykoebing. 4S00. Denmark 

Pryor, Dr K.V., 39 Clos Ogney, Llantwit Major, Vale of Glamorgan CF61 2SN \ 

Roskam, Mr H.C., Den Blieklaan 43, 3666 Ar Soest. Netherlands 

Skog, Prof. J., 61 1 Roberts Drive, NW, Vienna, Virginia 22180-4178, USA 

Smart, Mr D., Old Chimne;, itleigh, Devon TQ1 1 OJD 



, Dept. General Botany, 



j.bouckley@ntlworld.c 



CHANGES OF E-MAIL ADDRESS 

Akeroyd, Dr J.R. - akeroyd@dial.pipex.com 
Baggott, Mr M.A. - 

baggymagic@btopenworld.com 
Barcelona. Dr. IT. - barceljfirthotmail.com 
Beety, Mr E. - ' ' 
Bouckley, Mr J 
Brown, Mr B.> 
Busby, Mr A.R. -i 
Cameron, Mr J.B.C 
Chambers, DrK.C- 
Chiou, Dr W.L. - chiou@tfri.gov.tw 



lrthpa-rp.org.uk 



Ellis, Mr C.P. - cpellis3 
Hdler. Di NY. - fidler.n 
Finch, Mr J. A. - johnfinch@blueyonder.c 

; 
hvdemann.MrC- 

claus.fredemann rt t-online.de 
Gill, Mrs A. 
Golding, Dr 



- annvgill@btopenworld.c 



xtonhouse.free-online.c 






. I .),■ .1 \ 






Hardy, 

Hayward, Prof. R.J 

riekardshardj a freeuk.co.uk 
Hdl-Cottingham, Dr H.G. - 

hillcottingham@yahoo.co.uk 
Hood, Mr R. - bamboojapco! 
Hutchinson, Dr G. - 

george.hutchinson@nmgw.ac.uk 
Kastelein, Mr P. -kastelciii 
Kato, Dr M. - sorang@kahaku.go.jp 

•i auk kat/ei , ed a, uk 
K-ottke, Mr U. - ukottke@t-online.de 
I hessenhofrtplanet.nl 
Lesmewski. Mr A. - 

D.Lesniewska@ibwpan.gda.pl 
Lewis, Mrs S. - susan@grenigroad.fsnet.c 
Lording, Mr T.A. - tal@srgcas, 
IdlouuhrtoiP 
Lubienski,MrM. 
Macbeth, Ms M.A. - 
. mar ymacbeth@fernaig.fsnet. 



DrS.D. - 


s.martinelli'rt btinternet.com 


Meegdes, Mr P.ll.l - n.nieerdcsrt uiikknc 








Morgan, Mr R.G. - 




' ' \ robatieedham <■' aol ci 


' : B. ■ banyecl a aol.com 


Ogden, Mr A.H. - 


alanogdenfrtMthedn\e. tsnet.co.uk 


O'Shca. \||-B.J.-brianrtbmni.>hea.co.ul. 


Page. DrC.N. -ptendorthotmail.com 


Parslow, Mrs R. - rparslowto cix.co.uk 
Plant, Mr S.W. - splant(« uwclub.net 


Porter, Mrs B. - barbporterrt supanet com 


Mi \. - gor 1 '.^ t/diai pipe\ 




\ - aim rt bau tr> .net 


Robinson, Mr K.J. - 


kevin@robinsonkevin.wanadoo.co.u 



uk Stephensoi 



Sarling, Mr B. - barrysarliriL: a 
Schieb, Mr C.-J. - cj-schieb@gmx.de 
Skoa. Prof. J., -jskog@gmu.edu 
~ ' ' Mr R.J. - g4tbj@thersgb.net 
m, Mr G.R. - 



f-_ : - 



' 



Stribley, Mr M.J. - matt(a stnblev .co.uk 
Struck, Prof. P. - 

Sykes, Mr R.W. - 

robert@ormandy. freeserve.co.uk 
Taggart, Mr J.H.K. - 

Thompson, Mrs S. - ig_i 
Tindley, Mr P.F 

enquiries@ai 
Urquhart, Mr P.G. - philipurquhart(a hot 
Urquhart, Mr A.D. - 

alistair d urquhart82.wanadoo.c 
Dr. R.L.L.- 



Winder, MrG.H. - ghwmderrt w 



Worth, Mr S.R. - zazi@btin 

Wright, Mr B. - barry.wright@onetel.n 

Zenkteler, Dr E. - elza@amu.edu.pl 



MEETINGS PROGRAMME 2006 

Meetings Secretary: P.J. Acock 

Meetiiius Subcommittee: Mil. Rickard, N.J. Hards, J.M. Ide, A. Leonard, P.H. Ripley 

Sat. 25 March 



Fri. 30 June - Sun. 9 July Overseas Field Meeting with Hardy Fern 

Leader: Berndt Peters 

Sat. 22 - Sun. 23 July Weekend Field Meeting - Yorkshire Dales 

Leader: Barry Wright 

Thurs. 17 - Sun. 20 Aug. *Southport Flower Show: BPS Stand 

Further Info.: Michael Hayward 
Sat. 1 6 - Sun. 1 7 Sept. Weekend Field Meeting - Tamar Valley, Devon & Cornwall 

Leader: Matt Stribley 

Thurs. 1 9 - Sun. 29 Oct. Overseas Field Meeting - Reunion Island, Indian Ocean 

Leader: Paul Ripley & Pat Acock 

Sat 1 S Nov. Autumn Meeting - A BPS Miscellany - 

The Natural History Museum, London 

Leader: Graham Ackers 

* Event supported by. hut not organised by, the BPS. 



Regional Meetings 

For details of additional meetings in the following areas, please contact the regional 

organisers, enclosing a stamped addressed envelope. 

Leeds & District B. Wright, 130 Prince Rupert Drive, Tockwith, York Y026 7PU 

e-mail: Leeds@eBPS.org.uk 
South-East England P.H. Ripley, North Lodge, Dene Park Gardens, Shipbourne Road, 

Tonbridge, Kent TNI 1 9NS; e-mail: SouthEast@eBPS.org.uk 
East Anglia B.R. Stevenson, Willow Cottage, Cowlinge, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9QB 

e-mail: EastAnglia@eBPS.org.uk 
North-West England R.W. Sykes, Ormandy House, Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumbria LA8 8BP 

e-mail: NorthWest@eBPS.org.uk 
Cornwall I.J. Bennallick, Lower Polmorla St, Wenn, Bodmin, Cornwall PL30 5PE 

e-mail: Cornwall@eBPS.org.uk 
Scotland F. McGavigan, 12 Glenbank Avenue, Lenzie, Glasgow G66 5AA 

e-mail: Scotland@eBPS.org.uk 



Society Bulletin are not 



expressed by contributors to . 

necessarily those of the British Pteridological Society. 



II III! Ill I ill I 

3 1753 00332 9213 



FIBHEX NURSERIES Ltd 

Honeybourne Road, Pebworth, nr Stratford on Avon, Warwickshire CV 37 8XT 
www.fibrex.co.uk 

Hardy and tender ferns 

Begonias, Gloxinias, Hederas, Hydrangeas, Primroses, Arum Lilies 

and plants for the cool greenhouse 

Catalogue on request 



RICHARD'S HARDY FERNS Ltd 

Ferns hardy and less-hardy 
Carreg-y-Fedwen, Sling, Tregarth, nr Bangor, Gwynedd LLf 

Please send five first class stamps for catalogue 



FANCY FRONDS 

North American and British hardy ferns 

US orders only 

www.fancyfronds.com 

E-mail: Judith@fancyfronds.com 

HARDY FERNS 

R.N. Timm 
The Fern Nursery, Grimsby Road, Binbrook, Lincolnshire LN3 t 
www.fernnursery.co.uk 

Please send stamped addressed envelope for list 

MONRSILVER NURSERY 

Oakington Road, Cottenham, Cambridge CB4 8TW 
www.monksilver.com 

Hardy British and foreign ferns 

(together with over 700 choice herbaceous and woody plants) 

Please send six first class stamps for catalogue