(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Monmouth College in the War of the Rebellion"

S O V V E N I R EDITIO N 

Monmouth 
College Oracle 








*V sentinel silent standetk J he flag, like a sentinel standetk 

Jj y a t'lati all battle torn. Guarding' the gravestones utfdte 

rih.Hi\riug the stars at midnight. Saluting the sun at morning 

jalutiitg the sun at morn. Qiisificring the stars at night. 



Monmouth College in the 
War of the Rebellion. 



Vol. XV. 



TUESDA Y, MAY 30, 1911. 



m 



l\o. 34. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 




#arictu fcuii (Clutlws 



Minutes of 
Student Body 
Meeting. 



It is hereby resolved, 
That the well-dressed 
fellows agree to stand 
together for Sol and Eli 
as the proper place to 
buy good clothes. This 
being ratified by the fac- 
ulty, there's no further discus- 
sion. 

Com of The Whole. 



Society Suits, $20 to $30. 

Summer Underwear, all styles, 50c to $2.50. 
Straw Hats $1 to $2. 

Panamas, $4 to $10. 



Holeproof Hose for 
Men nnd Ladies. 



College Pennants 
a plenty. 



So! Schloss & 



wm 



/Iftonmoutb College ©racle. 

Official Organ of the Students and Alumni of Monmouth College. 

VOL. XV. MONMOUTH, ILLINOIS, MAY 30, 1911. NO. 34 




PREFACE 



The preparation of this souvenir edi- 
tion of the Oracle has been a labor of love, 
furnishing genuine pleasure during many 
an evening of the past winter. There is, 
however, one great regret. The work is in- 
complete. In its scope, the work original- 
ly included culs and sketches of the twenty- 
Nix College men who placed upon the altar 
of their country the costly sacrifice of their 
lives, and cuts and sketches of the thirty- 
nine commissioned officers. A few others 
have been included. There remain more 
than one hundred and fifty other student- 
soldiers whom it would have been a pleas- 
ure to include for they are as worthy as 
those whose deeds have been extolled in 
this edition. At present there is neither time 
to prepare nor means to publish a work on 
such a large scale. If friends so desire, an- 
other year may be devoted to gathering in- 
formation concerning the remaining "IM- 
MORTALS" and including it in an edition 



published next year. This would give a 
complete history of the College in the War. 

There is a movement on foot to inscribe 
the names of the heroes on tablets of endur- 
ing bronze to he placed mi the College walls, 
there to remain in their honor forever. It 
is hoped thai lliis movemenl may he car- 
ried to a happy issue. Persons knowing of 
omissions or errors in the list of student- 
soldiers published in this edition will kindly 
give the information to the President of the 
College, that the names of all may appear 
upon, the tablets. 

I am under obligations to the three 
score or more persons who contributed to 
this edition: especially is the obligation 
great to Major McClaughry, who prepared 
the manuscript with such critical care, and 
to Rev. Renwick, who furnished information 
otherwise unattainable. 

JAMES C. BURNS. 
Macomb, Illinois. April 29, 1911. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



A Word by Way of Introdutction. 



THOMAS HANNA McMICHAEL. 



The history of the Civil War would be 
incomplete without its chapter on "The part 
played by the Colleges." The call for those 
to help preserve the union found no ear more 
ready to hear — no heart more ready to re- 
spond than ear and heart of the northern 
student. Enumerating- the number of those 
whom the various colleges sent to the front 
the list would run something like this — 
Amherst 263, Bowden 267, Columbia 395, 
Dartmouth 464, Harvard 1200, Lafayette 
226, Michigan 800, Williams 308, Yale 836. 
This partial list is but a sample of the whole. 
Monmouth's place in this roll of honor is se- 
cure. 

In many respects her "war record" is 
most honorable — most note worthy. In some 
respects in deed it is unique. When Port 
Sumter fell Monmouth was but closing her 
fifth year — a struggling infant institution 
on the prairies of a sparse settled state. Be- 
fore the terms of peace were signed at Ap- 
pomattox she had sent forth over 200 of her 
students to bear their part in the Country's 
saving. The story is well worthy of pre- 
servation. It is to this story the following 
pages are devoted. To Prof. J. C. Burns of 
the class of '75 — now Superintendent of the 
schools of Macomb — belongs the credit for 
the idea. To him also should go the cred' 



it for the successful way in which the idea 
has been carried out. For months he has 
been "in labors more abundant" discover- 
ing, collecting, arranging the material. As- 
sociated with him in a most helpful way 
lias been Major R. W. McClaughry, '60. 
On the part of them both it has been "a la- 
bor of love." Out of busy lives they have 
taken time without stint that they might set 
before the students of the present day some- 
thing of the story of the valor and the pat- 
riotism of the students of the sixties. 

Frederick Prelinghuysen, of the class 
of 1770 of Princeton College said at the 
time of his graduation "I have learned pat- 
riotism in Princeton as well as Greek." As 
one reads the story these pages have to tell 
must he not come to the conclusion that 
such was the case also in regard to the stu- 
dents of the Monmouth of a half century 
ago? The story is told that by the telling 
the spirit of loyalty and patriotic devotion 
may be awakened, fostered, kept alive, in 
the student body of the Monmouth of to- 
day. Monmouth continues to teach Greek; 
may she continue to teach patriotism. May 
the spirit of our heroes of the sixties 
still live as a spii'it that works through fac- 
ulty and student body for the promotion of 
civic and national righteousness. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



LOVE'S REQUIEM. 



BY DAVID REED MILLER, D. D., '74. 



Here's praise 

For the days 

When heroes grew 

By every fireside, forum, desk, and farm, 

To shield our starry flag from threatened harm. 

Tramp, tramp they marched a host of lordly sons 

To face the angry, hollow-throated guns. 

But shrapnel's scream nor crash of bursting shell, 

Nor saber-thrust, nor comrade's dying knell, 

Could quench the blaze of patriotic fire 

Which lit the flame on Treason's funeral pyre. 

Here's praise 

For the days 

When heroes grew. 



Rest now 

All blest now 

By friend and foe. 

In manhood's dream, in days long vanished now, 

The pride of country on each victor's brow; 

With steel ranks blazing in Columbia's sun 

The broken files came home, their work well done, 

With flush of conqueror and heart elate, 

Their spoils of victory a ransomed State; 

But unforgetful that a nation's blood 

Surged, hero-filled, in one congested flood. 

Rest now 

All blest now 

By friend and foe. 



They came 

With a name 

To Freedom true. 

From class room, chapel prayers, and science hall, 

They came at their imperiled country's call. 

The star of hope shone on each loyal brow. 

They built the Future on the regal Now. 

The vi-ctor-slain sleep now as martyrs sleep 

Where sighing pines and kindred lilies weep; 

And in their tears they speak love's message true; 

They died — and did what heroes dare and do. 

They came 

With a name 

To Freedom true. 



Sleep now 

Nor weep now 

The flag is home. 

One day it dripped with crimson from your veins 

A benediction on the battle plains, 

When requiem winds sang over countless graves 

And sunbeams kindly kissed your slumbering 

braves. 
The •crooning vines crept whispering to your dead 
That Freedom's flag waved proudly overhead. 
It's over now, and with the Blue and Gray, 
Old feuds are buried in the sod for aye. 
Sleep now 
Nor weep now 
The flag is home. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 




DAVID A. WALLACE. 

Monmouth's War President. 1856-1878. 

'We must educate whether there be peace or war. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



A GREAT AND GLORIOUS STUDENT LIST. 



Magnificent Showing Made by Monmouth College, 

Then in Its Infancy, in the Cause of the 

Union in the Civil War. 



"When the southern hosts withdrew, 
Pitting gray against the blue. 
There was none more brave than you." 
My Alma Mater. 

"To prove this let facts be submitted 
to a candid world." The College was estab- 
lished in 1836. The first class was graduat- 
ed in 1858. Yet this little school still in 
its swaddling clothes, still struggling to es- 
lablisli itself among the colleges of the West, 
furnished to the Union cause two hundred 
and thirty-two men. The first year of its exis- 
tence tbe College enrolled only ninety-nine 
students. In 1861, when the war burst upon 
the country, the number had grown to two 
hundred and twenty, of whom one hundred 
and thirty-seven were men and boys. The 
names of eighty-one or nearly sixty per cent 
of these are found on the muster rolls of the 
Union army. 

In 1862, there were enrolled in the Col- 
lege and in the Academy one hundred and 
eighteen men and boys. Of these seventy 
threw aside the student's gown to don the 
soldier's uniform. While the percentage is 
not so great in 1863 and '64, it is still large 
enough to command our respect. 

Professor Morrison of the chair of 
Mathematics entered the service as Chaplain 
of the Ninth Illinois Infantry and accom- 
panied the regiment through the awful 
slaughter of the Atlanta campaign. This 
regiment sustained the heaviest loss in kill- 
ed in battle of any Union regiment in the 
western armies. George W. Gilmore, '62, 
and J. G. Carnahan, '65, served in this regi- 
ment. The former was wounded at Donel- 
son, the latter at Shiloh. 

Hon. "A. C. Harding, a member of the 



Board of Trustees, took the lead, in 1862, in 
raising a regiment largely in Warren Coun- 
ty and was appointed Colonel of the Eighty- 
third Infantry. For his heroic defense of 
Port Donelson in February, 1863, he was 
commissioned Brigadier General "for gal- 
lant conduct on the field." 

Hon. John McClanahan, a member of 
the Board of Trustees, was Captain of 
Company A, 83rd Illinois Infantry. He was 
killed in the defense of Fort Donelson, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1863. His portrait may be seen 
stamped in the stained glass windows facing 
Broadway of the first United Presbyterian 
Church in Monmouth — a well deserved re- 
cognition of a brave patriot. 

Rev. Matthew Bigger, another member 
of the Board of Trustees, was Chaplain of 
the Fiftieth Illinois Infantry. He was a sol- 
dier in the field as well as a priest in the 
cam ji. 

The students who enlisted, as a rule, 
were only boys in their teens ; yet the num- 
ber of important and responsible positions 
they held is remarkable. The Senior Class 
of 1860 contained only ten boys; yet it fur- 
nished two Majors, one Captain, two Lieu- 
tenants — one of whom gave the last full 
measure of devotion to his country at Ar- 
kansas Post. The Senior class of 1861 contain- 
ed only six boys. Three enlisted. Two be- 
came Captains and the other a First Lieu- 
tenant. The Senior class of 1862 contained 
twelve boys. Six of them enlisted. One be- 
came the Adjutant of the regiment, one a 
Lieutenant, two Orderly Sergeants — one 

"Whose life blood warm and wet 

Dimmed the glistening bayonet," 
at Donelson. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



Altogether from its Board of Trus- 
tees, its Faculty, and its student-body, the 
College furnished to the Union Army 
from 1861 to 1865 one Brigadier Gen- 
eral, four Majors, seventeen Captains, 
thirteen Lieutenants, one Quarter-Master, 
two Adjutants and three Chaplains making 
forty-one commissioned officers. It also 1 
furnished forty-eight non-commissioned offi- 
cers, making eighty-nine men from the Col- 
lege that the Government of the United 
states placed in positions of command. One 
hundred and forty- three of the boys served 



Federal Army. 

If the number who went forth to bat- 
tle was great, the loss sustained by that 
number was even greater. Twelve of them 
placed the costly sacrifice of their lives up- 
on the altar of their country in battle ; four- 
teen others offered the same sacrifice in the 
hospital; while twenty-six others left the 
stains of their life blood upon southern bat- 
tle fields, making the casualties of the Col- 
lege incident to camp and battle fifty-two, 
or one out of ever four. The death loss is 
one out of every eight. It would be fitting 




MONMOUTH COLLEGE, 1861. 



in the ranks carrying muskets, making a to- 
tal of two hundred and thirty-two men as 
the contribution of the College to this gigan- 
tic struggle. It is a matter of serious doubt 
whether any other educational institution in 
all this broad land with an equal attendance 
furnished so large a quota of troops to the 



and proper to inscribe the names of these 
two hundred and thirty-two immortals upon 
tablets of enduring bronze to be placed on 
the College walls, there to remain forever. 
Below will be found a list, so far as 
known, of the College men who served in 
the Union Army from '61 to '65, with the 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



rank of each, and also a list of the casual- 
ties, so far as known, and the places where 
Ihey occurred. 

KILLED IN BATTLE. 

Captain John McClanahan, Member of the Board 
of Trustees, Port Donelson, February 3, 1863. 

Lieutenant .Tames S. Patterson, '62, Co. H, 26th 
Iowa, Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863. 

Sergeant James S. Campbell, '62, Co. C, 83rd Illi- 
nois Infantry, Port Donelson, February 3. 
1863. 

Robert Jackson Caldwell, '60, Co. C, 36th Illinois 



Illinois Infantry, Chickamauga, September 19, 
1863. 

George R. Pollock, '61, Co. K, 36th Illinois Infan- 
try, Stone River, December 31st, 1862. 

David Sholl, '63, Co. B, 118th Illinois Infantry, 
mortally woundfed at Port Gibson, May 1, 
1S63, died May 3rd, 1863. 

WOUNDED. 

David Anderson, '69, Co. B, 100th Pennsylvania 
Volunteers (Roundheads), Second Battle of 
Bull Run, August 30, 1862. 

Alexander Blackburn, '68, Co. C, 84th Illinois In- 
fantry, Chickamauga, September 19, 1863. 




MONMOTJTH COLLEGE, 1911. 



Infantry, Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 
1864. 

Bryson B. Allen, '64, Co. C, S3rd Illinois Infantry, 
wounded at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863, 
died February 10, 1863. 

William B. Giles, '65, Co. K, 36th Illinois Infan- 
try, Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862. 

David S. Irvine, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Nashville, Tenn., December 16, 1864. 

Samuel W. Kell, '64, Co. A, 111th Illinois Infan- 
try, North Edisto, S. C, February 12, 1865. 

Clark A. Kendall, '62, Co. F, 17th Illinois Infan- 
try, Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862. 

Robert Nathanael McCutchan, '61, Co. K, 36th 



Robert J. Caldwell, '60, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infan- 
try, Stone River, December 31. 1862. 

James G. Carnahan, '64, Co. E, 9th Illinois Infan- 
try, Shiloh, April 6, 1862. 

C. A. Carmichael, '63, Co. F, 17th Illinois Infan- 
try, Siege of Vicksburg, May, 1863. 

Captain A. G. Crawford, '61, 4th TJ. S. Colored 
troops, "Crater," Petersburg, July 29, 1864. 

James Logue Dryden, '72, Co. C, 36th Illinois In- 
fantry, Chickamauga, September 19, 1S63. 

Robert L. Duncan, '62, Co. F, 17th Illinois Infan- 
try, Shiloh, April 6, 1S62. 

J. K. L. Duncan, '66, TJ. S. S. Fort Hindman, Har- 
risonburg, La., February, 1864. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



John C. Ford, '65, Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infantry. 

William Gibson, '67, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Pea Ridge, March 6, 1862. 

George M. Gilmore, '62, Co. E, 9th Illinois Infan- 
try, Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862. 

Lieutenant John M. Graham, '65, Co. G, 84th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

Robert M. Hazard, '62, Co. D, 13th Illinois Caval- 
ry, Red Bank, Ark., Summer of 1862. 

Michael McCauley, 65, Co. H, 105th Illinois Infan- 
try, Atlanta Campaign: 

T. A. McConnell, '65, Co. B, 36th Illinois Infan- 
try, Perryville, October S, 1862. 

Frank M. McClanahan, '66, Co. C, 36th Illinois 
Infantry, Stone River, December 31, 1862. 

Abraham Morris, '72, Co. B, 6th Iowa Infantry, 
Kenesaw Mountain, June 15, 1S64. 

Lieutenant Robert S. McClenahan, '74, Co. K, 
15th Ohio, wounded twice. 

David Nicoll, '67, Independent Battery E, Pa. 
Artillery, Wauhatchie, Tennessee, October 
28th 1863. 

John A. Porter, '62, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
wounded twice at Resaca and also at Nash- 
ville. 

Samuel Paxton, '67, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863. 

Lieutenant S. L. Stephenson, '62, Co. C, 83rd Illi- 
nois Infantry, In a skirmish near Fort Don- 
elson, 1863. 

Major Samuel J. Wilson, '60, 10th Illinois Infan- 
try, Peach Tree Creek, July 18, 1864. 

Julius C. Wright, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Franklin, Tenn., December 16, 1864. 

DIED OF DISEASE. 

Archibald Beal, '64, Co. K, 84th Illinois Infantry, 
Nashville, Tenn.. January 5th, 1863. 

James H. Giles, '63, Co. B, S3rd Illinois Infantry, 
Fort Donelson, December 10., 1862. 

Fleming Gowdy, '65, Co. G, 84th Illinois Infantry, 
died from wound received at Chickamauga, 
Nashville, Tenn., November 11, 1863. 

Joseph I. Francis, '66, Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infan- 
try, Fort Heiman, October 14th, 1862. 

Anderson Hart, '63, Co. C, 77th Illinois Infantry, 
Peoria, October 2nd, 1862. 

John F. Mitchell, '64, 83rd Illinois Infantry, 
Clarksville, Tenn., August 10, 1S64. 

Lieutenant John K. Morton. '61, Co. A, 111th Illi- 
nois Infantry, Salem, 111., October 23, 1862. 

B. F. Hill, '63, Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infantry, Pa- 
ducah, Ky., April 22, 1863. 

George Nelson, '64, 36th Illinois Infantry, Rienzi, 
Miss., June 23, 1862. 

Fleming Stewart, '66, Bell's Cavalry, Jefferson 
Barracks, St. Louis, March 20, 1862. 

William B. Morton, '64, Co. A, 111th Infantry, Sa- 
lem, 111., November 23rd, 1862. 

George M. Gilmore, '63, 9th Infantry, Savanna, 



Ga., February 23rd, 1865. 
Robert M. Hazard, Co. D, 13th Illinois Cavalry, 

Peoria, Sept. 17, 1862. 
Theodore F. Secrist, '65, Co. D, 13th Illinois 
Cavalry, Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Oct. 3, 

1S62. 



List of Officers and Men furnished by Mon- 
mouth College to the Union armies, 1861-1865. 

GENERALS. 

Abner Clark Harding, Member of the Board of 
Trustees, Colonel of the 83rd Illinois Infan- 
try. Promoted Brigadier General of Volun- 
teers, May 23rd, 1S63, for gallant conduct in 
the heroic and successful defense of Fort 
Donelson. February 3rd, 1863. 

CHAPLAINS. 

Prof. Marion Morrison, Ninth Illinois Infantry. 

John H. Montgomery, '66, Sixteenth U. S. Color- 
ed Infantry. 

Matthew M. Bigger, 50th Illinois, member of the 
Board of Trustees. 

MAJORS. 

P. W. McClaughry, '60, 118th Illinois Infantry. 
Samuel J. Wilson, '60, 10th Illinois Infantry. 
George H. Palmer, U. S. 4t'i Infantry. . 
John A. Gordon, '68, 16th U. S. Colored Troops. 

CAPTAINS. 

John M. Baugh, '65. 33rd Iowa. 

John Auld Burns, '69, Co. A, 140th Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. 

Robert M. Campbell, '63, 47th U. S. Colored 
Troops. 

William H. Clark, '62, 16th U. S. Colored Troops. 

A. G. Crawford, '61, 4th U. S. Colored Troops. 

Peter Free, Co. H, 145th Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

William James, '64, U. S. Colored Troops. 

Ewell Jamison, '62, U. S. Colored Troops. 

John McClanahan, Member of the Board of Trus 
tees, Co. B, S3rd Infantry. 

W. S. McClanahan, '60, Co. A, 13Sth Illinois In- 
fantry. 

Josiah Moore, '65, Co. F, 17th Illinois Infantry. 

George H. Palmer, '61, Co. A. 83rd Illinois Infan- 
try. 

Edward F. Reid, Co. C, 13th Indiana Cavalry. 

Charles B. Simpson, '63, Co. F, 10th Illinois In- 
fantry. 

John S. Speer, '60, Co. A, S5th Ohio Infantry. 

R. J. Wright, '63, 33rd Iowa. 

R. Ross Wallace, '61, 74th Ohio, IX S. Colored 
Troops. 

John Brainard Worrell, '63, Co. D, 78th Illinois In- 
fantry. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

Robert S. Finley, '59, Co. A. 30th Illinois Infantry. 

James S. Patterson, '00, Co. II, 2Rtli Iowa. 

John K. Morton, '61, Co. A, I I lth Illinois Infan- 
try. 

John A. Porter, '62, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry. 

Guy Stapp, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry. 

Robert Stewart McClanahan, '74, Co. K, 15th 
Ohio. 

J. S. Winbigler, '65, Co. I, 50th Illinois Infantry. 
SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

John M. Graham, '65, Co. G, 84th Illinois Infantry. 

Matthew H. Jamieson, '59, Co. E, 10th Illinois In- 
fantry. 

William A. Mitchell, '61, Co. C, 36th Illinois Infan- 
try. 

Samuel L. Stephenson, '62, Co. C, 83rd Illinois In- 
fantry. 

J. O. Anderson, Co. H, 28th Illinois Infantry. 

Amos H. Dean, Member Board of Trustees, 3rd 
New York Light Artillery. 

QUARTERMASTERS. 

J. U. McClanahan, '66, 15th Ohio. 
ADJUTANTS. 

John W. Greene, '62, 83rd Illinois Infantry. 
Alexander Caskey, '65, 101st U. S. Colored Infan- 
try. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

W. H. Abranis, '64, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Archibald Beal, '64, Co. K, 84th Illinois. 
Alexander Blackburn, '68, Co. C, 84th Illinois. 
James W. Brook, '64, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
James S. Campbell, '62, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
W. T. Campbell, '70, Co. H, 26th Iowa. 
C. A. Carmichael, '63, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
Henry M. Carmichael, '67, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
J. G. Carnahan, '64, Co. E, 9th Illinois. 
James B. Clark, '65, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
R. M. Dihel, '61, Co. A, 30th Illinois. 
Robert L. Duncan, '62, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
James Logue Dryden, '72, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 
Andrew G. Forsythe, '66, Co. H, 105th Illinois. 
James H. Giles, '63, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 
William B. Giles, '65, Co. K, 36th Illinois. 
George M. Gilmore, '62, Co. E, 9th Illinois. 
Obadiah G. Given, '67, Co. H. 126th Ohio, also Co. 

A, 138th Illinois. 
George I. Gordon, '71, Co. C, 77ith Illinois. 
Fleming Gowdy. '65, Co. G, 84th Illinois. 
Andrew H. Graham, '71, Co. A, 105th Illinois. 
Henry M. Griffin, '65, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Absoloni Hallam, '63, Co. F, S3rd Illinois. 
Delavan S. Hardin, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois!. 
Elmer Harris, '63, Co. H, 2nd Illinois Cavalry. 
Anderson Hart, '62, Co. C, 77th Illinois. 
Clark Herron, '60, Co. C, 84th Illinois. 
Robert W. Hume, '62, Co. I, 11th Cavalry. 



David S. Irvine, '63, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 

Thomas M. Kell, '64, Co. A, II lth Illinois. 

John R. Leslie, '64, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 

Robert McConneii, '65, Co. A, i:;8th Illinois. 

Andrew T. McDill, '62, Co. G, 84th Illinois. 

S. W. McCullough, '67, Co. C, 77th Illinois. 

Robert Nathaniel M-cCutcheon, '61, Co. B, 36th 
Illinois. 

Charles H. Mitchell, Co. C, 136th Indiana Infan- 
try. 

James Parr, '65, Co. A, 47th Illinois. 

Carey S. Patton, '62, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 

Elijah M. Reynolds, '63, Co. L, 12th Illinois Cav- 
alry. 

James M. Rice, Co. C, 10th Illinois. 

John Shelly, '63, Co. P, 17th Illinois. 

David Sholl, '65, Co. B, 118th Illinois. 

James A. Smith, '64, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Henry C. Speakman, '61, Co. A, 83rd Illinois. 

Samuel J. Stewart, '70, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Allan B. Struthers, '64, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Gordon O. Winbigler, '66, Co. L, 12th Illinois Cav- 
alry. 

Julius C. Wright, '67, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 

PRIVATES. 

Ed L. Alexander. '62, Co. F. 17th Illinois. 

Bryson B. Allen, '64, Co. C. 83rd Illinois. 

David Anderson, '69, Co. B. 100th Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. 

Joseph A. Atchison, '72, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Charles P. Avenell, '66, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

James W. Babcock, '66, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

John A. Barnes, '70, Co. H, 142d Indiana Infantry. 

Fletcher S. Bassett, '68, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Joseph C. Bell, '65, Bell's Cavalry. 13th Illinois 
Cavalry. 

H C. Beckwith. '64. Bell's Cavalry, 13th Illinois 
Cavalry. 

Andrew Beveridge, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Arthur H. Bicket, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Charles E. Blackburn, Co. C, 151st Illinois. 

William Alexander Blackburn, Co. A, 7th Illi- 
nois Cavalry. 

John J. Brown, '68, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 

William Brown. '64, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

William Burnside, Co. A, 23rd Iowa. 

Jackson N. Caldwell, '64, Co. C. 83rd Illinois. 

Joseph M. Caldwell, '68, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 
•Robert J. Caldwell, '60. Co. C, 36th Illinois. 

John M. Campbell. '72, Co. A, 13Sth, Co. H, 47th 
Illinois Infantry. 

Ed J. Cannon, '65, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Andrew Carothers, '64, Co. F, 83rd Illinois. 

Samuel J. Claycomb, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Daniel Coates, '58. Illinois Volunteers. 

John W. Crawford, '59, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

S. H. Davis, '63, Ohio Troops. 

Andrew H. Drain, '71, Co. E, 138th Illinois. 

J K. L. Duncan, '66, Marine Corps. 



10 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



C. Stuart Farquar, '73, Co. and regiment unknown. 

known. 
Stuart S. Finley, '64, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

D. J. Fleming, '66, Co. and regiment unknown. 
Adam R. Foster, '64, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Martin L. Foster, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
John C. Ford, '65, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Joseph I. Francis, '66, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Churchill Furr, '66, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
Thomas H. Gault, '70, Co. B, 28th Wisconsin. 
John C. Gettemy, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
William Gibson, '67, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 

John R. Giles, '67, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 
David W. Graham, '70, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
W. F. Graham, '63, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 
John C. Gregg, '65, Ohio Troops. 
James A. Grier, '72, Co. C, 33rd Illinois. 
Amos Griffin, '62, Co. G, 1st Illinois Cavalry. 
David C. Godfrey, '66, Co. A, 83rd Illinois. 
James Hammond, '68, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
R. M. Hazard, '63, Bugler Bell's Cavalry. 
William P. Henderson, '63, Co. I, 17th Illinois. 
John T. Henderson, '68, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Frank Herdnian, '67, Co. A, 78th Illinois. 
Benjamin F. Hill, '63, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Zenas E. Hogue. 

Samuel W. Kell, '64, Co. A, 111th Illinois. 
Clark A. Kendall, '62, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
Samuel F. Kerr, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Frank R. Kyle, Co. H, 2nd Illinois Cavalry, bug- 
ler. 
Joseph W. Leighty, '65, Co. K, 11th Calvary. 
Samuel R. Lyons, '77, Co. C, 154th Illinois. 
Alex. G. Leslie, '64, Co. K,' 84th Illinois. 
J. W. Long, Co. and regiment unknown. 
William J. McAllister, '70, Co. H, 105th Illinois. 
Michael McCauley, '65, Co. H, 105th Illinois. 
Frank McClanahan, '66, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 
Thomas A. McConnell, '65, Co. B, 36th Illinois. 
John A. McDill, '64, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 
John B. McKown, '66, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
Joseph McLean, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Daniel McMillan, '60, Co. K, 84th Illinois. 
James B. Madden, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Adrain A. Mannon, '69, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 
Samuel E. Mannon, '62, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
John W. Matthews, '71, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Robert J. Martin, '60, Co. K, 84th Illinois. 
John Mekemson, '68, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 
William B. Mekemson, '66, Co. G, 84th Illinois. 
Harding J. Merrill, '68, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 
J. M. Millen, '64, Co. G, Third Illinois Cavalry. 
John F. Mitchell, '64, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 
William M. Mitchell, '61, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 
William R. Mitchell, '68, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 
Abraham Morris, '72, Co. B, 6th Iowa. 
A. M. Morton, '64, Co. A, 111th Illinois. 
Hugh R. Morton, '64, Co. A, 111th Illinois. 
George Nelson, '64, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 
Alvin M. Nichol, '71, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 



David Nicoll, '67, Independent Battery E, Penn- 
sylvania Artillery. 

St. Joseph Nichols, '66, 6th Iowa Cavalry. 

Thomas Ochiltree, '65, 8th Iowa Cavalry. 

R. M. Patten, '67, 138th Illinois. 

John A. Patterson, Musician Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Samuel Paxton, '67, Co. C, 36th Illinois. 

William Pinkerton, '62, Co. C, 77th Illinois. 

George R. Pollock, '61, Co. K, 36th Illinois. 

James A. Preston, '60, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Andrew Renwick, '65, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Joseph B. Rood, '66, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

David C. Ross, '64, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Harry Runge, '6?, Co. K, 5th Ohio. 

John C. Runge, '69, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 

Thomas W. Rule, '66, Co. F, 124th Illinois. 

John D. Russell, '66. 

George B. Schussler, '66, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

John C. Scroggs, Co. C, 87th Ohio. 

Calvin C. Secrist, '67, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 

T F. Secrist, '65, Co. D, 13th Illinois Cavalry. 

Thomas Shelly, '63, Co. C, 17th Illinois. 

Robert K. Shoemaker, '64, Co. A, 83rd Illinois. 

James D. Smith, '66, Co. B, 138th Illinois. 

Samuel R. Smith, '62, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Thomas Stephenson, '62, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Fleming Stewart, '66, Co. B, 13th Illinois Cavalry. 

Philip L. Stewart, '63. 

John A. Struthers, '65, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Selden Sturges, '68, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 

John Taylor, '67, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 
' Alex S. Thompson, '67, Co. E, 10th Illinois. 

William M. Thompson, '66, Co. B, 83rd Illinois, 
Co. E, 61st Illinois. 

Samuel F. Thompson, '67, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 

J. C. Thompson. 

Robert F, Tubbs, '65, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

James M. Tucker, Co. K, 11th Illinois Cavalry. 

David A. Turnbiull, '69, Co. B, 83rd Illinois. 

Thomas E. Turner, '66, Co. K, 133rd Indiana. 
■William J. Walker, '67, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 

Hugh F. Wallace, '68, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 

Robert S. Wallace, '71, Marine Corps. 

Samuel S. Wallace, '68, Co. C, 83rd Illinois. 

David M. Wallace, '67, Co. A, 138th Illinois. 

Edward Payson Welch. 

James C. Weede, '63, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Nathanael R. Weede, '63, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Ralph E. Wilkin, '69, Co. A, 25th Iowa Infantry. 

William D. Wolfe, '63, Co. C, 17th Illinois. 

John A. Wright, '61, Co. F, 17th Illinois. 

Simeon B. Wright, '68. Co. H, 47th Illinois. 

William M. Wright, '61, Co. C, S3rd Illinois. 

William Wright, '61, 25th Iowa. 

Isaac Wood, '67, Co. K, 84th Illinois. 

William B. Young, '64, Co. D, 138th Illinois. 

Joseph Wilson, '72, Co. H, 47th Illinois. 



First Period of Enlistment- 
" Persons desiring to form 



-1861. 
a military 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



company for the purpose of aiding in de- 
fense of our country are invited to meet at 
the Court House in this city tomorrow, Sat- 
urday evening, at seven o'clock. 

"FREEMEN! DO YOU HEAR THE 
CALL?" 

The above notice appeared in the Mon- 
mouth Atlas, Friday, April 19, 1861. Sat- 
urday evening the Court Room was crowd- 
ed. Eloquent speeches were made; patriot- 
ic resolutions were adopted; and a Commit- 
tee appointed to raise funds to care for the 
families of enlisted men. Eighty names 
had been signed to the enlistment roll be- 
fore the meeting convened. Twenty more 
were needed to complete the Company. 
Nearly the entire body of students were in 
the audience. When Secretary Holt an- 
nounced that ninety-nine men had enlisted 
mid only one man more was needed to fill 
the Company, Josiah Moore, a Junior in 
College rising in the rear of the room an- 
nounced "I am that man Moore." Immed- 
iately after the adjournment of the meeting 
the Company met and organized by electing 
the student who had enlisted under such 
dramatic circumstances. Captain of the Com- 
pany. It may be added on the testimony of 
many that a braver man never commanded 
troops. Of the one hundred men in Mon- 
mouth first to offer their services to their 
country, twenty were students of the col- 
lege. On Sunday the Company gathered 
fii Claycomb's Hall to listen to patriotic ad- 
dresses by Dr. Wallace and others, and 
where the God of battles was invoked 
"to be with them, to protect and assist them 
in the campaign they are about to enter." 

As soon as the Ten Regiment Bill was 
passed the Company was ordered to Peoria. 
Monday morning April 29, the Company as- 
sembled at the old C, B. & Q. depot. The 
entire city turned out to see their departure. 
Miss Beach representing the College deliv- 
ered the farewell address. The Company 
was mustered into the United States ser- 
vice at Peoria becoming Co. F, 17th Illinois 
Infantry. 

No preparation had been made for 
their reception or their accommodation. 



There were no barracks, no tents, no blan- 
kets, much less arms or other equipment. 
They were taken to the Fair Grounds and 
housed in open cattle sheds without cover- 
ing at night and only straw for bedding. 
Many of the boys sickened from exposure. 
The citizens of Monmouth "got busy". 
Ten of them gave fifty dollars each to pur- 
chase blankets. The City Council appro- 
priated $2000 to furnish clothing, the ladies 
not to be outdone secured from the stores 
by purchase and by gift sufficient flannel to 
make two hundred suits of underwear. His- 
tory says the flannel was red. The suits 
were made and on their way to Peoria with- 
in forty eight hours ; but there were wom- 
en in Monmouth "with fingers weary and 
worn, with eyelids heavy and red_." 

Immediately after disaster at Bull Run, 
President Lincoln called for 7->,000 troops. 
and another wave of enthusiastic enlistment 
swept over the country carrying with it 
many College boys. It was during the 
Summer vacation and the boys were at their 
homes ; so they enlisted in Companies form- 
ed in their respective neighborhoods. Those 
living in Warren County mostly entered 
Company C, 36th Illinois Infantry, organ- 
ized at Kirkwood. This was a famous regi- 
ment. "Where the bullets flew the thick- 
est there the trail of blood was deepest." 
Only one of the fourteen College boys in this 
regiment, escaped untouched, while six o! 
them gave the last full measure of devotion. 

Second Period of Enlistment — 1862. 

During the Summer of 1862, President 
Lincoln called for 300,000 trops. The Pe- 
insular Campaign had failed. Stonewall 
Jackson's brilliant campaign in the Shen- 
andoah Valley had alarmed the whole North. 
If the Rebellion were to be put down, there 
must be soldiers to crush it. So many stu- 
dents enlisted that the College was almost 
destroyed. Only 159 were enrolled daring 
the entire year, a majority of whore were 
women and girls. In the month of July 
when the enlistments were most numerous, 
it was a serious question whether or not 
the College, would open in September. Dr. 



12 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



Wallace himself prayerfully considered the 
matter of enlisting. The condition may be 
:->een in the following announcement, which 
appeared in the Atlas, August 8, 1802. 

"The undersigned takes this method of 
stating that it is the full determination of 
the Faculty to resume the exercise of the 
College on the second day of nest Septem- 
ber. It is expected that every member of 
the Faculty will be at his post at the op- 
ening of the session. 

"We must educate, whether there be 
peace or war." 

DAVID A. WALLACE. 
President of Monmouth College 

The College boys who enlisted in 1S62 
served mostly in the 77th, 83rd, 84th, 111th, 
and 118th Illinois Infantry. Five of the ten 
companies in the 83rd were recruited in 
Warren County. Company C of this regi- 
ment contained so many College boys that 
it was called the "Student's Company." 
The regiment was organized at Mojanouth 
and mustered into the United States service 
at the Fair Grounds. Gneral A. 0. liar ling, 
a member of the Board of Trustees was its 
first Colonel. Hon. John McClanahan, an- 
other member of the Board of Trustees, was 
Captain of Company B. Before leaving for 
the Front, Colonel Harding banqueted the 
entire regiment at his stately homt: on Sec- 
mid street. 

The boys living in the neighborhood of 
Young America and Biggsvilh: enlisting in 
1862 entered the 84th — a regimen! that saw 
strenuous service and suffered heavy losses. 
One of the College boys was killed and sev- 
eral were wounded. 

Third Period of Enlistment- -1804. 

There were few enlistments from the 
College in 1863, for the simple reason that 
there were no able bodied men in school — 
only boys under military age. In the 
Spring of 1864, when President Lincoln call- 
ed for 100-day troops to guard the lines of 
communication and thus set free the season- 
ed troops performing this service for the 
gT-eat campaigns of 1864, more than forty of 
the College boys enlisted in the 138th. Their 



service consisted in guarding the supplies at 
Kort Leavenworth and St. Lonis. 

Fourth Period of Enlistment — 1865. 

During the winter of JrSol-5, few real- 
ized that the Confederacy was on the verge 
of collapse. Enlistments stdl went on. In 
February, 1865, Company H was organized 
in Monmouth, in which eight or ten of the 
College boys were enrolled. A number who 
had completed their 100-day service in 1864, 
re-enlisted in this Company. The Company 
was made a part of the veteran regiment, 
47th Illinois Infantry, and sent at once to 
the front taking part in the capture of Fort 
Blakely and Spanish Fort on Mobile Bay. 

THE GLAD RETURN. 

Many of the boys came dropping back 
from the service one by one as they became 
incapacitated for service by wounds, or by 
disease, or by reason of the expiration of 
their term of enlistment. The first to re- 
turn in a body w r ere those in the 100-day 
service, who came back in October, 1864. 
Many immediately entered College. Though 
not a single ray of light or hope pierced the 
dark Avar cloud that lrung over the coun- 
try at that time, it was felt that these 
youths had made the largest contribution in 
their power, for they were too young to 
stand the exposure of winter in the field. 

In June 1865, all the '62 troops came 
home. Tongue can not tell nor heart feel 
the joy at their coming. They had opened 
up to four million black people the oppor- 
tunity to make the best of themselves and 
revealed the perpetuating power of republi- 
can institutions. It was a great work. So- 
cial receptions were given them. They 
were feasted and dined. Public entertain- 
ments were arranged for them, at which 
tables were burdened with all the luxuries 
and delicacies of the season. Bells were 
rung and the nights made glorious with 
brilliant fire works. 

In September many again entered Col- 
lege ; but the empty sleeve and the resound- 
ing crutch on the conscious floor told toe. 
plainly the story of their sacrifice. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



13 




JACKSON B. McMICHAEL. 
Monmouth's Second President, 1878-1897. 

Served in the Christian Commission. 

In a section of the country where Vallandighamism was 

strong, his loyal utterances did much to strengthen 

the hearts of men in the cause of the Union. 



14 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



ADDRESS OF MISS KATE 

BEACH (EMBLETON), '61. 



Delivered at the C. B. & Q. Depot, May, 
1861, on the Occasion of the Departure 
of Company "F," Seventeenth Illinois 
Infantry, Captain Josiah Moore's 
Company, to Peoria to be Muster- 
ed into the United States Service. 



Citizens and Students: 

The terrible, the long looked for a'ul long- 
dreaded crisis on which hangs the fate of mil- 
lions, is now at hand. The fearful war-cry is 
echoing along the mountaintops, and adown the 
beautiful valleys of our own beloved America. 

And with the awful notes of preparation that 
come to us on every breeze, comes the call of our 
country, "SEND US SOLDIERS"— soldiers to 
fight for the down-trodden and oppressed — sol- 
diers to fight lor our glorious, our heaven-born 
Union. 

While the call is being answered by every 
portion of the North, shall we withhold the boon 
that is asked of us? No, no, though it crushes 
our very hearts; though it drains the fountains 
of our tears we will send them; send them from 
our societies, from our class-rooms, from our 
homes, for our country — our bleeding, groaning 
country. 

And now on behalf of the ladies of Monmoum, 
and especially the ladies of the college, by whose 
appointment I am before you, I address you: 

Union Guards of Monmouth. 

Knowing as we do the hardships and dangers 
to which you will be exposed, and in our hearts 
commending your noble self denial, your every 
praiseworthy patriotism, and our every sympathy 
being with you, we would not let you go without 
a parting word. 

And now, though our hearts bleed because of 
the stern necessity which takes you rrom us, 
though the closest, bonds of friendship and love, 
the nearest and dearest ties that bind heart to 
heart, unite you to us, we can not bid you stay, 
when our suffering country demands your ser- 
vices. No, no, we ask you not to stay. For 

Freedom, for which our fathers bled and perished 

Is tottering on her throne; 
Her institutions long and fondly cherished, 

Are being overthrown. 



Our Union, purchased with the blood of fathers, 

And given to our trust, 
Disrupted by the hands of traitor brothers, 

Is crumbling into dust. 

Must it be so? and shall the spirit of secession, 

Gain strength by might? 
Shall cruel wrong, injustice and oppression, 

Triumph o'er truth and right? 

No, never! thousands at the war drum's rattle 

Stand forth with powers elate, 
To shed their heart's blood on the field of battle 

To save our glorious State. 

Then, go, and with brave hearts and fearless cour- 
age, 

With theirs your strength unite 
To crush the cringing, cowardly usurper, 

And save the suffering right. 

Go, tear the traitor colors from the mast-head, 

Let them no longer wave, 
In this our glorious, boasted land of freedom, 

Home of the true and brave. 

Go, and unfurl our country's glorious nanner 

On mountain, hill and plain; 
Oh! raise it high; that it may never, never, 

Be trailed in dust again. 

Go, and our sympathies will cluster round you, 

Wherever you may stray, 
And fervent prayers from many a lonely fireside, 

Ascend for you each day. 

That God may ever guide, and bless, and keep 
you — 

That His strong arm 
May e'er be "round about and underneath you," 

To shield you from all harm. 

Yes, go, God bless you, we the hope will cherish, 

That you may soon return; 
But if it be God's will that you should perish, 

"His will be done." 

But, we will hope and trust, and ask of you, 

While far away you roam, 
To think sometimes of those who fondly love you, 

And weep for you at home. 

And now, with aching hearts, and dark forebod- 
ings, 
And many a smothered sigh, 
We bid you go! Oh, cherished friends and broth- 
ers, 
God bless you all, good bye! 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 
MONMOUTH COLLEGE IN WAR. captain john mcclanahan. 



15 



Extracts From an Address by Elizabeth 
Gordon, '66. 



Listen! The sharp tattoo of the drum, but 
a moment Later joined by the shrill notes of the 
fife, sets all our pulses a thrill. Hear the tramp, 
tramp, tramp of our soldier boys as they march 
so proudly through the quiet little streets of Mon- 
mouth. 

Now repeat the stirring rally in the old 
chapel, the voice of prayer, and speech and song. 
Do you hear those wild cheers, three times three, 
find hurrah out on the common near the old col- 
lege? Ah! Have we stout enough hearts to hear 
again those voices that said "good-bye" for the 
last time the morning the boys left for camp'; 
Our eyes are misty. That is the distant cheer 
that reaches us from the crowded platform of the 
receding train. Can you repeat the sobs and the 
cries of the desolate hearts turning away from 
the old depot, and the magnificent sacrifice they 
had just made? 

Do you hear again the prayers that are ut- 
tered daily in the old chapel and in a hundred 
homes for the safety of our college soldiers? The 
volume of these swells as the wires flash the 
news of battle? Can you reproduce the unceas- 
ing tread of that mother's feet as she walks the 
floor night and day praying for the safety of her 
one wild, wayward boy who was in the thickest 
of the .fight safely guarded by the armor of a 
mother's prayers? 

What are these strange, sad sounds? They 
are the echoes of the tramp of a slow procession 
of men who are honored in bearing five precious 
burdens up the narrow stairway of the N old "First 
Church." The dense audience is silent. Hear the 
solemn psalm, the comfort of the scripture, the 
pleading prayer bearing upward with it the souls 
of families who have brought hither their com- 
mon burden of sacrifice and sorrow. Many of the 
hearts that suffered then have ceased to ache. 
The lips that spoke comfort to the living and eulo- 
gies for the dead are now silent, but our hearts 
still cherish these memories and our ears hear 
these voices of the dead which this sad wizard 
has recalled. 

When Monmouth College gave up her boys 
she crowned each one a victor before he had 
shouldered a gun. She consecrated her sous with 
her benediction; her tears of farewell glistened 
on each young head. 



Members of the Board of Trustees. 

John Mcclanahan was born in Rockbridge, 
County, Va., November G, 171(4, and removed with 
his father's family to Adams County, Ohio, in No- 
vember 1790. He was married in ] SIS to Marga- 
ret Black Wright. To these two people seventeen 
children were born, nine boys and eight girls. 




CAPT. JOHN MCCLANAHAN/ 

Five of these children are alive at this writing. 
The youngest child to die was 17 years of age. 

He became connected with the Church in 
early life and lived a consistent Christian life. 
He took an active part in church matters and was 
ever concerned for the moral condition of human- 
ity. He was elected elder in 1832, 'and continued 
in that office in the various churches of which he 
was a member during his lifetime. Although an 
amiable man he always felt an interest in mili- 
tary affairs and in the fall of 1812, when the presi- 
dent issued a call for volunteers to defend our 
northern boundary he responded and was chosen 
Orderly Sergeant. Shortly after, he was electee. 
Major, Brigade Inspector, and, some years later, 
Brigadier General of the militia of Adams County, 
Ohio, a post which he held until 1S35. In addition 
to serving his country in this capacity he repre- 
sented Brown County, Ohio, one term in the State 
Legislature. 

Under the President's call for volunteers in 
August, 1S62, he took an interest in raising troops 
and although in his sixty eighth year he was, by 
acclamation, elected Captain of Company B, 83rd 
Illinois Infantry. He considered his age a barrier 
and, after serving with the Company six months, 
started back home to resign his commission, 
when at Cairo he heard that the rebels were on 
their way to attack Fort Donelson, he returned 
back, rejoined the company and led them in bat- 
tle, receiving a severe wound. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



His religious nature continued to assert itself 
during his connection with the army and the 
moral condition of the men under his care was 
ever uppermost in his mind. He was respected 
and beloved by all who knew him. 

During his service he was presented, by his 
men, with a sword and sash and with a valuable 
watch. 

He died at Fort Donelson, February 23, 1863, 
from the effects of the wound received in defense 
of that post on the 3rd of the same month, in his 
sixty-ninth year. 



JAMES S. PATTERSON. 



First Lieutenant, Company H, 26th Iowa Volun- 
teers. — Class of 1860. 

From Monmouth Atlas, 
Friday, July 3, 1863. 

Tribute to James S. Patterson. 

Camp, 118th 111. Vol., 
Black River Bridge, Miss., 

June 13, 1863. 
Cor. Secretary, Alumni Ass'n, 
Monmouth College, 111. 

It becomes my sad duty as a classmate and 
intimate friend, to announce to the Association 
the death of James S. Patterson, a member o£ 
the class of 1860. He was killed at the battle of 
Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863, while bravely 
leading his company in the charge made by Gen- 
eral Steele's division on the afternoon of that 
day. At the time of his death, he was First Lieu- 
tenant of Co. H, 26th Regiment, Iowa Volunteers. 

For the year preceeding his enlistment into 
the service, he was Editor and Publisher of the 
"DeWitt Standard," of DeWitt, Iowa, and amid 
all the temptations that beset a man, and especi- 
ally a young man, in the Editorial department of 
a political journal, Patterson never swerved from 
his integrity for a moment. When our bleeding 
country uttered her last cry for help, he was one 
of the first to fly to the rescue, forsaking a home 
made doubly dear to him by a wife, lately wedded 
and fondly loved. One of the most active in or- 
ganizing a Company, he was chosen its First 
Lieutenant by a very large majority over all com- 
petitors. 

The regiment with which his Company was 
connected was ordered down the river just in 
time to take an honorable part in the unfortunate 
expedition against Vicksburg in December last, 
and, by its bravery, did much to relieve the other- 
wise sad picture of that campaign. It was order- 
ed up the river again, after General McClernand 
assumed command of the expedition, and partici- 
pated in the battle at the Post, where our brother 
met his untimely fate. He died as he lived — 
foremost in support of the great cause in which 
all his sympathies were enlisted; nobly battling 



in defence of the principles to which his life had 
been devoted; cheering on his men and stimulat- 
ing them by his bright example, he fell, pierced 
by seven balls, another sacrifice upon the altar 
of his country. 

Patterson's popularity with the officers ana 
men of his regiment was unbounded. The men 
of his company told me the story of his death 
with tearful eyes and every evidence of heartfelt 
sorrow. The Commanding Officer of the 26th 
Iowa paid the noblest tribute to his memory when 
he said to me "Lieutenant Patterson was a good 
officer and a good man." I trust I will be pardon- 
ed for adding my own feeble tribute to the above. 
During an intimate companionship of more than 
a year, as classmates androom-mates, lean truly 
say that never a harsh word, nor (.as I believe) 
even an unfriendly feeling passed between us. 
Differing, as we did, on most of the topics over 
which men grow excited and wrathful, we parted 
at the close of our course in most perrect friend- 
ship, and Patterson has ever since seemed to me 
more as brother than friend. But he is gone! 
Unknown to fame, he made the greatest sacrifice 
of life itself. But the influence of his example is 
not lost; 

"For in the wreck of noble lives 
Something immortal still survives." 
The effect of such examples as his, and that of 
others from our number who have shared a simi- 
lar fate, will raise up thousands to press, where, 
as yet but hundreds have pressed, to strike for 
our country's safety and glory. Let their noble 
example not be lost upon us who remain. As you 
meet again around the festive board to rejoice in 
the prosperity of our loved Alma Mater, mingled 
with the "tear for the dead," let there arise the 
earnest prayer that those of us who yet remain 
amid these scenes of strife may be enabled to 
discharge our duties faithfully and well. 

With best wishes for the success of the As- 
sociation and each individual member, I remain, 
with great respect, 

Your obedient servant, 

R. W. McCLAUGHRY, 

Major, USth 111. Vols. 



SERGEANT JAMES S. CAMPBELL, '62. 



Sergeant James Shields Campbell, the son of 
Mungo D., and Mary Maben Campbell, was born 
in Westmoreland County, Penn., February 20, 
1836, and came with his parents to Monmouth 
111., in 1856. His parents were among the earliest 
and most loyal friends of Monmouth College. In 
1858, young Campbell entered Monmouth College 
and graduated with the Class of 1862 and under 
■.he call of the President for troops on July i. 
1S62, he enlisted July 21st and was mustered in 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



17 



as Orderly Sergeant of Company "C" 83rd Regi- 
ment Illinois Volunteer Infantry. 

The regiment was organized in Monmouth 
and ordered to Cairo, Illinois, and from there t'i 
Forts Henry and Mindman on the Tennessee 
River. On September 5, 1862, the regiment was 
ordered to Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland 
River. It remained there a year during heavy duty 
in guarding the river against bands of Guerillas 
which infested the country. 

On February 3, 1863, at Fort Donelson, nine 
companies of this regiment together with Com- 
pany "C," 2d Illinois Light Artillery, and one 
company of Cavalry, were attacked by the c -ni- 
bined forces of Confederate General Forrest and 




SERGEANT JAMES S. CAMPBELL. 

Wheeler, numbering 5,000 men. The battle lasted 
from 1:00 P. M. to 8:00 P. M., when the enemy 
was compelled to retire with the loss of some S00 
killed and wounded. 

Early in the engagement, Company "C" ot 
which Campbell was First Sergeant, was ordered 
to support a piece of artillery and in changing 
position, Campbell was shot through the breast 
and killed instantly. 

Lieutenant S. L. Stephenson of his company 
says: "I was just behind him and not more than 
eight or ten feet from him when he fell. He was 
a grand noble man as well as a model soldier, and 
I am proud to say he was my friend." It is safe 
to say that no member of Company "C" coull 
have been taken whose loss would have been 
more deeply felt than that of Sergeant Campbell, 
upright, clean-handed, brave, the soul of honor 
and of piety, his influence not only throughout his 
company but also his regiment was wonderful 
and every member thereof was a sincere mourner 
at his bier. 



BRYSON B. ALLEN. 

Private Company C, 83rd Illinois Infantry — Died 
February 11, 1863, of Wounds Received at 
Fo r t Donelson. 

I have been unable to find the date of birth or 
this brave young soldier, but remember him very 
wen as a student in the Preparatory Department 
of Monmouth College during the years 1857, 1858 
and 1859. He was a most faithful student, and, 
as a member of the Philo Society, most zealous 
and active in promoting its interests; always 
cheerful; always manly; always faithful to every 
duty. Those who knew him best were not surprised 
that he made a faithful soldier and that, with his 
accustomed Christian fortitude, he met the foe 
fearlessly, fought him bravely, and accepted the 
result of the wounds he received in defending 
Fort Donelson with cheers on his lips for the flag 
that he had helped to gild anew with glory. 
[Signed] R. W. McCLAUGHRY. 



R. J. CALDWELL, '60. 
Robert Jackson Caldwell was born in Mercer 
County, Illinois, October 27th, 1838, and was rear- 
ed on a farm. Being on the frontier, the only 
educational facilities were those the country dis- 
trict school afforded, until at the age of 20 he en- 
U red Monmouth College, but after one year he 
returned to the farm. At the outbreak of the re- 
bellion, he enlisted August 1st, 1861, in Company 
C, 36th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and was en- 
gaged in the battles of Perry ville, Nashville, 
Stone River, Missionary Ridge, and the campaign 
around Chickamauga and Atlanta, being slighrTy 
wounded at Stone River, where so many of the 
brave boys of the 36th regiment lost their lives. 
On August 7th, 1864. he re-enlisted in the Vet- 
eran Corps and accepted his first furlough ror 
thirty days and visited home. On his return to 
his regiment at Nashville, Tenn., he joined it Just 




ROBERT JACKSOX CALDWELL. 
Killed Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1S64 



TEE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



in time for the battle of Franklin, where he was 
killed early in the engagement, November 30th, 
1S64. His regiment was forced back, the enemy 
holding the ground for a day or so, and his boay 
was never found. It fills an unknown grave near 
Franklin, Tenn. 

"Tears for the grief of a father, 
For a mother's anguish, tears; 
But for him that died for his country. 
Glory and endless years." 



JAMES H. GILES. 



WILLIAM B. GILES. 



William B. Giles was a senior in the prepara- 
tory department of the Academy in 1861. His 
home was on a farm near Kirkwood. August 12, 




WM. B. GILES. 



1 861, during his vacation, he enlisted in Co. K, 
Thirty-sixth Illinois Infantry, and was mustered 
into the United States service in Aurora, Septem- 
ber 22nd. The regiment was one of the Union 
Army. Its loss in battle was greater than that 
of any other regiment serving in the western 
armies. Two hundred and four were killed and 
five hundred and thirty-five were wounded mak- 
ing a total battle loss of seven hundred and thir- 
ty-nine, or nearly fifty-four per cent of the en- 
rollment. 

Fourteen Monmouth College boys served in 
this gallant regiment, four of whom gave the 
last full measure of devotion to their country on 
the field of battle; five others were severely 
wounded and one died in the hospital. 

William B. Giles was killed in the battle ot 
Perryville, October S, 1862. The bullet struck 
him in the neck killing him instantly. He was 
only nineteen years of age at the time of his 
death. He was buried on the battlefield. 



James H. Giles, a brother of William B. Giles, 
was in College in 1861. When the Eighty third 
Illinois regiment was organized in Monmouth in 
1862, he enlisted in Co. B, and was appointed Cor- 
poral. He was a young man of delicate health 




JAMES H. GILES. 

and unable to stand the rigors of army life. He 
died of disease at Fort Donelson, December 10, 
1862, in the twenty-second year of his age, having 
seen less than four months of active service. 
Thus it came about that one family sacrificed 
two sons to tihis cruel war. He was buried in 
Cedar Creek Cemetery ten miles northwest ul 
Monmouth. 



JOHN R. GILES. 



It was a costly sacrifice that the Giles fam- 
ily laid upon the altar of freedom; but their pat- 
riotism was yet unabated. John R. Giles was the 




JOHN-R. GILES. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



19 



younger brother of William and James. In May, 
1864, after the death of his two brothers, he en- 
listed in Co. A, 13Sth Illinois Infantry, a regi- 
ment enlisted for the one hundred day service. 
At tine expiration of his term of service he was 
duly discharged and immediately re-enlisted, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1865, in a veteran regiment, the 17th 
Illinois Infantry. He was finally discharged .Ian- 
nary 21, 1S66. He now resides at Lenox, Iowa. 
May I say to him what the poet Horace said to 
the Emperor Augustus: "Serum in caelum 
redeas," Late may'st thou return to heaven. 



SAMUEL W. KELL, '64. 



Samuel W. Kell was a sophomore in Colleg'3 
in 1862. His home was near Salem, Marion boun- 
ty, Southern Illinois. During his vacation in 1862, 
he enlisted in Company A, 111th Illinois Infantry. 
He served with regiment on the Atlanta campaign, 




SERGEANT SAMUEL W. KELL. 

Co. A, 111th Illinois Infantry. 

Killed in a skirmish at Orangeburg, S. C, on the 

North Edisto River February 12, 1865. 

and went with Sherman to the Sea. On the north- 
ward march from Savannah, he was killed in a 
skirmish at Orangeburg. South Carolina, February 
12, 1865. The Eccritean Society of which he was 
a member draped its hall in mourning for thirty 
days and tributes of respect were published in 
the papers and sent to his parents. 



CLARK A. KENDALL. 

Private Company F, 17th Illinois Infantry — Killed 
at Fort Donelson February 15, 1862. 
He was a student in Monmouth College dur- 
ing the years immediately preceding the outbreak 
of the Rebellion; a member of the Philo Society 
and, if I mistake not, one of its founders in, 1857. 



A young man of the highest character, with tal- 
ents promising future distinction. He was called 
on to represent his society in several public con- 
tests and exhibitions, and was one of the most 
popular of its representatives. 

He was one of the first to enlist in Company 
"F," 17th Illinois, and was the first sacrifice made 
by Monmouth College on the altar of our country. 
While engaged actively in the most critical part 
of the siege of Fort Donelson, while the issue of 
the struggle was yet undecided, a cannon ball 
from a confederate battery ended his young life 
instantly. 

The glorious record that he made as a citizen, 
student, soldier and patriot still remains as an 
example and an inspiration to his fellow men. "So 
long as truth and valor shall appeal to the heart 
of man." 

(Signed.) R. W. Mc CLAUGHRY. 



GEORGE R. POLLOCK, '61. 



George R. Pollock was born May 29, 1838, 
on a farm near Monmouth, where he grew to 
manhod. When the college opened in 1856, he 
was enrolled as a student in the Preparatory 
Department. His name appears in the catalogue 
for the three succeeding years. August 20, 1862, 
he enlisted in Co. K, 36th Illinois Infantry and 
was mustered into service the following month. 
He spent the fall and winter of 1S61-2 with his 
regiment at Rollo, Missouri, where it was drilled 
and fitted for service. In the Spring, he took 
part in the Missouri campaign, which ended in 
the great battle of Pea Ridge, driving the Con- 
federates out of Missouri and saving the State 
to the Union. 

After this achievement the regiment was 
moved to Tennessee, where young Pollock took 
part in the siege of Corinth. He fought under 
Sheridan at Chaplin Hills and Stone River. In 




GEO. R. POLLOCK. 



20 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



the latter battle the regiment sustained one of 
the heavy losses of the war, having 65 killed and 
a total battle loss of 212. Among the killed was 
the subject of this sketch. He was buried on the 
field in a grave with forty-four of his comrades. 
His body still lies near where it fell in the Na- 
tional Cemetery, three miles from Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee. He was twenty-four years of age at 
the time of his death. 

He was the brother of Mrs. J. B. Gray, now 
living in Prairie City, McDonough County, Illi- 
nois, who for eighteen months during the war 
was an army nurse at Benton Barracks, St. 
Louis, Missouri, where she ministered to thous- 
ands of Union soldiers who came under her care. 
"I, with uncovered head, 
Salute the sacred dead, 
Who went and who returned not." 



DAVID SHOLL. 



First Sergeant, Co. B, 118th Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry. 

He was born August 3, 1S44, at Winchester, 
Ohio, son of Jacob and Maria Sholl. He came 
with his parents to Carthage, Illinois, in March. 
1853, where the family settled. He worked on a 
farm and clerked in a store until September I860, 
when he returned to Ohio and entered the pre- 
paratory department of Miami University. 

On the first call for troops in April, 1861, he 
enlisted and went with his company to Columbus, 
Ohio, but, on examination, was rejected on ac. 
count of age. He then returned to Illinois and 
entered Monmouth College Preparatory Depart- 
ment in September 1861, and remained there un- 
til the close of that college year. 

But on August 15, 1862, he enlisted again un- 
der President Lincoln's call for 300,000 men, as 
a private in what was afterwards Company "B," 
118th Illinois Infantry, and went with the com- 
pany into rendezvous at Camp Butler, Springfield. 
Illinois. 

The young soldier speedily developed re- 
markable military ability and high qualities of 
leadership. He was almost immediately appoint- 
ed duty sergeant, and in March, 1863, while serv- 
ing with his regiment in front of Vicksburg, was 
appointed First Sergeant of Company "B," filling 
the vacancy made by the promotion of James Sam- 
ple to Second Lieutenant. He was a strict dis- 
ciplinarian and tireless in the performance oi 
duty, yet was beloved as a brother by every com- 
rade in his company, and, indeed, throughout the 
entire regiment, to every member of which he 
became well known. 

The battle of Port Gibson, Miss., which oc- 
cured May 1, 1863, was the first battle of Gener- 
al Grant's campaign against Vicksburg. The 
X T nion forces had crossed the Mississippi River 



the day preceeding and had through the night 
made their way to the bluffs east of the river 
on which they found the Confederate forces 
strongly posted. The battle opened early and 
soon became hot. Young Sholl had his company 
promptly in line and thoroughly infused with his 
own courage and coolness. As it supported a 
battery which was dealing destruction to the ene- 
my, it soon became the target of attention from 
the other side. Early in the engagement he was 
wounded, and it was soon seen that the wound 
was serious, yet he refused to leave the field un- 
til compelled by loss of blood to do so. His de- 
lay was fatal, for the wounded had to be taken 
back some eight miles to the river; means of 
transportation were crude, and the drain upon his 
already exhausted strength soon reduced him so 
that he could not rally, but died on the 9th of May, 
1863, leaving all his comrades, whether commis- 
sioned or not, in bitter grief. Had he been 
spared, he would doubtless have risen to high 
position. His name stands in imperishable bronze 
in the great temple, which the people of Illinois 
reared on the historic field of Vicksburg, and, 
ir. a better land than ours, he wears the unfad- 
ing laurels of the victor. 
[Signed.] R. W. McCLAUGHRY. 



SERGEANT DAVID S. IRVINE, '63. 



David Sample Irvine was born in Huntingdon 
County. Pennsylvania, June 11, 1839. He came 
with his family to Young America in 1842. For a 
time ; he attended school in Washington, Iowa, 
and was a student in Monmouth College in 1859 
and 1860. 

In August, 1861, he enlisted in Company C, of 
the famous 36th Illinois Infantry. He served with 
his regiment in all its bloody engagements, but 
fell in the very last encounter at Nashville, Tenn., 
December 16, 1864. He was the brother of Miss 




DAVID S. IRVINE. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



21 



Sara Irvine of Kirkwood, and of the poet James 
P. Irvine. Below we quote a portion of the poet's 
tribute to his fallen brother. 

David. \ 

"For thee my tears have filled the cup 
Of sorrow, from the world apart. 
Yet heavy thoughts come struggling up, 
And sore oppress my wounded heart, 
As thither strolling down the way 
To where thine infancy was rocked, 
The mile-stones call to mind each day 
Whereon we laughed and sang and talked, 
David! 

Alas, my boy, that tongue is still, 
Thy voice is mute, thy lips are sealed. 
Not thine alone but His good will 
That thou thine own sweet life shouldst yield. 
Though hard it seemed, while meek-eyed Peace 
Stood braiding 'round the clouds of war 
Her rainbow arch with promises 
Full clearer than the morning star, 

David! 

But he it so — His will be done; 
Such blood atones the nation's ills, 
Nor oil, nor wine in rivers run. 
Nor cattle on a thousand hills. 
Nor corn, nor gold, nor sheaves suffice, 
But fervent prayers in sack-cloth bound. 
And human lives in sacrifice, 
Will heal the grieved nation's wound, 
David!" 



FLEMING L. GOWDY, '65. 



Fleming L. Gowdy was born, December 24, 
1S38, near Cedarville, Greene County, Ohio. He 
was the son of Fleming and Eliza Jane Gowdy. 
His father died when he was a very small child. 
After the marriage of his mother to C. Hess, he 
moved with the family to Delaware County, Indi- 
ana, and in 1850, removed to Warren County, Illi- 
nois, settling near Young America. Here Fleming 
was reared to manhood spending his time on the 
farm and attending such schools as the country 
afforded. For a time he was clerk in a store 
doing a general merchandise business. In 1860, 
lu id Monmouth College attending two 

years. He was an intelligent student, of upright 
character and highly esteemed by the Faculty 
and the student body. 

August 11, 1862, he enlisted in Company <J, 
S4th Illinois Infantry, and was mustered into the 
United States Service at Quincy, September I. 
Soon after the organization of the regiment he 
was promoted to Corporal. He was the pen of the 
regiment. His patriotic letters appearing in the 
Monmouth Atlas not only kept his friends at 
home informed of the regiment; but inspired 



them with the same ardent patriotism that burn- 
ed in his own bosom. 

The 84th was one of the "three hundred fight- 
ing regiments of the Union army." Its loss at 
Stone River was 167 men. At Chicamauga the 
loss was not so great, but still appalling. 

Corporal Gowdy served with his regiment on 
the "Kentucky Campaign" and was in the midst 
of the awful slaughter at Stone River where he 
saw his gallant Colonel ride into the ranks of the 
enemy and seize the flag from the hands of the 
dying color-bearer and carry it safely from the 
field. 

It was ,the valor of the 84th at Chicamauga 
in their stubborn resistance to the onslaughts of 
the heavy columns of Bishop Polk that, in a large 
degree, gave to General Thomas the title of the 
"Rock of Chicamauga"; but it cost the life of one 
of Monmouth College's nomesi men — Fleming 
Gowdy. A Confederate bullet cut off the back 
part of his wind-pipe causing his death November 
9, 1863. 

At a meeting of the Philadelphian Library 
Society of which he was a member, the following 
resolutions were passed November 20, 1863. 
"Whereas, It has pleased the All-wise God to take 
from time to eternity our beloved brother Flem- 
ing Gowdy who fell at the battle of Chickamauga 
while nobly defending his country, 
Resolved: That in the death of our brother, our 
Society has lost, a faithful member, a friend and 
a true Christian. 

Resolved: That by his gentlemanly conduct and 
Christian deportment, he has endeared himself to 
each member of this Society. 

Resolved: That we extend our sympathy to the 
family of the deceased in this hour of their sorrow. 
Resolved: That we drape our hall in black, , n : 
wear the usual badge of mourning thirty days." 

His body was brought home and now rests 
in the Cemetery at Kirkwood. 

"On fame's eternal camping ground 

His silent tent is spread, 

And glory guards with solemn round 

Th bivouac of the dead. 

Nor wreck, nor change, nor winter's blight, 

Nor time's remorseless doom, 

Can change one ray of holy light 

That gilds his glorious tomb." 



I CAN'T GET 'EM UP. 



John W. Mathews, '71— Co. A, 138th Illinois 
Infantry. 

Acriss the snowy cotton fields 

The yellow dawn is breaking; 
The mocking bird sings in the trees, 

The camp to life is waking, 
The sentry walks his weary round. 



22 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



The stars of night are waning, 
And thro' the forest echoes far 
The bugle's loud complaining: 

CHORUS: 

I can't get 'em up, I can't get 'em up, 
I can't get 'em up in the morning. 

I can't get 'em up, I can't get 'em up, 
I can't get 'em up all day. 

Vj 
The soldier wakens from his dream 

Of home, of love, of glory, 
To hear the bugle tell again 
Th' unwelcome morning story. 
The knapsack pillow left behind, 

The drowsy line slow forming, 
While shrill the bugle pierces through 

The Sergeant's noisy storming: 

The Sergeant calls the roll again, 

The well known names repeating; 
His eyes grew dim, his voice is soft, 

There comes no morning greeting 
From those who fell on yesterday, 

When men like leaves were falling. 
Cross out the names! Close up the ranks! 

But bugles still are calling: 

From an Evening with the Poets of Mon- 
mouth College. 

SERGEANT ARCHIBALD BEAL, '64. 

Archibald Beal was the great-grand-son ot 
Ceorge Beal and Nancy Sparks Beal. The form- 
er crossed the Delaware Christmas Eve, 1776, and 
assisted Washington in capturing the one thou- 
sand Hessians the following morning. The latter 
helped mould the bullets used on that occasion. 

Three generations of Beals lived either in 
Beaver County, Pennsylvania, or in Guernsey 
County, Ohio. In the latter County Isaac Beal, 
the subject of this sketch, married Mary a. 




Sheridan, and here Archibald Beal was born 
about 1838. He was a cousin of General Philip 
Sheridan and a relative of General Robert E. 
Lee. 

In bis eighteenth year he went to Pittsburg 
to attend school and in due time was graduated 
from the Iron City Business College. He taught 
school for a time in Tuscarawas County, Ohio; but 
in 1858 joined his brothers who had previously 
moved to Henderson County, Illinois. He taught 
school at Cedar Ridge, Coloma, and Dutch Row. 
In 1860 he entered Monmouth College and at- 
tended one year. 

August, 1862, in company with nine other 
College boys, he enlisted in the 84th Illinois In- 
fantry. He was mustered into the United States 
service September 1, 1862, at Qnincy, Illinois, and 
appointed Sergeant of Company C. The regi- 
ment was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, the lat- 
ter part of September and made a portion of the 
right wing of Buell's Army. As such it took 
part in the great battle of Perryville October 8, 
1862. In this battle, Sergeant Beal was captured 
be the Confederates, but was retaken by the 
Union troops the same day. He was in the skirm- 
ishes of Crab Orchard and Bowling Green; but 
entered the hospital in Nashville, immediately on 
the return, of the regiment from the "Kentucky 
Campaign." Here he died of typhoid fever, Jan- 
uary 5, 1863. His remains were brought home 
and now lie buried in the cemetery at Kirkwood. 

"His silent tent of green 
We'll deck with fragrant flowers; 
His has the suffering been. 
The memory shall be ours." 



JOSEPH INMAN FRANCIS, '66. 



ARCHIBLAD BEAL. 



Joseph Inman Francis was born in 1S42 on a 
farm in Henderson County, six miles south of 
Biggsville, Illinois. When nineteen years of age 
he entered Monmouth College, and in July 1863, 
enlisted in Company C, Eighty-third Infantry at 
Monmouth. Soon after he started for the seat 
of war going with his regiment to Burlington. 
Iowa, thence by boat to Cairo where the regi- 
ment was stationed a short time when it was 
transferred to Fort Heiman, Kentucky. Soon af- 
ter arriving at that place he was attacked with 
camp fever and taken to a hospital tent on a 
high bluff overlooking the Tennessee river and 
Fort Henry on the opposite side. Here, October 
14, 1862, on this high bluff, near where the hos- 
pital stood, he passed away having seen less 
than two months of actual service. In a few 
weeks his father came with a casket to take the 
body home. Some of his soldier comrades took 
the body up but it was too badly decomposed for 
transportation and it was returned to the grave. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



23 



A moderately large stone was placed at the 
head to mark his resting place. His remaitib 
have been probably taken up by the government 
and placed in the National Cemetery at Fort 
Donelson twenty miles distant. He was a line 
lcoking young man of excellent character and 
a devoted member of the United Presbyterian 
church. 



GEORGE ANDERSON HART. 



The military history of George A. Hart is the 
briefest of any student-soldier of the College. His 
home was at Trivolia in Woodford County, Illinois. 
He enlisted in Company C. 77th Illinois Infantry, 
August 1S62 and was mus'eved into the United 
States service, September 3, at Peoria. On the 
organization of the regiment he was appointed 
Second Sergeant by the commanding officer Col- 
onel David P. Grier. The regiment remained in 
camp at Peoria until October 4, when it was or- 
dered to the front. Young Hart did not accom- 
pany his regiment. "Pallid death with equal step" 
approaches the soldier at home as well as the sol- 
dier in the field. He died at his father's resi- 
dence in Peoria County, September 10, 1862, hav- 
ing been in the service of his country just one 
week. 

He was a patriotic youth and had fondly hop- 
ed that should he meet death it would be on the 
field of battle fighting gloriously for his country; 




Being naturally a bright boy and a great read- 
i :■ he made rapid progress in his studies. After 
completing his studies in the public schools In 
the country, he entered Monmouth College in the 
Academic department in the Autumn of 1857, al 
sixteen years of ;ige. In order to assist in bear- 
ing ins expenses, he taught school but pursued 



SERGEANT GEORGE A. HART. . 
Co. C, 77th Illinois Infantry. 

but the sacrifice no less costly was made at home 
among friends and kindred. 

He was born September 1, 1S37, and attended 
College during the year 1S58-9. 



JOHN FINLEY MITCHELL, '64. 




.lohn F. Mitchell was born in Licking County, 
Ohio, April 13, 1841, and came with his parents to 
Warren County, Illinois, in the Summer of 1852. 



JOHN F. MITCHELL. 

lis studies at the same time and retained his 
class standing. He was a member of the first- 
Literary Society and took great interest in its 
proceedings. On the division of the Society by 
the Harris brothers as leaders he became a char- 
ter member of the Eccritean Society and was 
ever a loyal and faithful attendant on her "wav 
to the stars." At the close of the college year in 
1S62 he was admitted to the Junior Class in tile 
Classical Course. August 11, he enlisted in Com- 
pany C. S3rd Illinois Infantry, Captain Cutler 
commanding and went into camp with the regi- 
ment on the Fair Grounds in Monmouth. Here 
August 21, 1S62, he was mustered into the ser- 
vice of his country. 

He was with the regiment at Fort Donelson, 
Tenn. And took part in the severe engagement 
on the third of February, 1863, in which the ene- 
my was repulsed, although very largely outnum- 
bering the Eighty-Third. 

During the winter of 1863-4 his Company was 
sent up the Cumberland river to Clarksville. 
where he was taken sick and sent to the field 
hospital. After an illness of two weeks he pass- 
ed away, August 10, 1S64. His body was brought 
home and lies in the Cemetery at Monmouth. 

John F. Mitchell was an earnest, conscien- 
tious, faithful and devoted Christian. It was his 
desire and purpose to preach the gospel. Had Iris 
life been spared to finish his education he wouiu 
have entered the sacred ministry. At the early 
age of twenty-three years his earthly work was 
finished. He was not only a loyal and brave soi- 
dier of his country, but equally loyal and brave as 
"a good soldier of Jesus Christ." 



24 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



WILLIAM BROWN MORTON. 



ington. He was in seven great battles: Resaca, 
Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, 



Entered College from Salem, Illinois in the 
Autumn of I860 and remained two years, joining 
tbe Eccritean Literary Society. He was a con- 
sistent member of the Covenanter Church ana 
was looking forward to the sacred Ministry in 
that denomination. In August 1862, he enlisted 
in Company A, 111th Illinois Infantry, a regiment 
that was organized at the County Seat of his 
County, Marion. Like his cousin John Knox Mor- 
ton, he was not permitted to see service at the 
front. He was appointed Hospital Steward and 
while waiting on one of his fellow soldiers who 
was sick with the typhoid fever, he contracteu 
that dread disease, of which lie died November, 
1862. 

The Eccritean Society in their "Tribute ot 
Respect" declares that "his Christian walk, ami- 
able disposition, and gentlemanly deportment 
have endeared him to all who knew him and 
won for him an undying memory; that the Socie- 
ty has lost an earnest and devoted co-laborer, the 




W. BROWN MORTON. 

college a diligent student, who in intellectual ca- 
pacity and moral excellence had few equals and 
no superiors, our country a zealous patriot in 
time of peace and a faithful soldier in time of 
war." 



HUGH R. MORTON. 



Entered College with his elder brother Brown 
Morton, September, 1860. He too was a devoted 
member of the Eccritean Society and highly es- 
teemed by the Faculty and student-body. In Au- 
gust 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 111th Illi- 
nois Infantry. He served with the regiment until 
the close of the war. He was on the Atlanta 
Campaign, marched with Sherman to the Sea 
and was with him in the Grand Review at Wash- 




HUGH R. MORTON 

Fort McAllister, and Bentonville, and in sixteen 
skirmishes of greater or less severity. 

A kind Providence has lengthened out his life 
to three score years and ten, "yet his eye is nor 
dimmed nor his natural strength abated." He 
lives at Carter, Illinois, honored and esteemed 
by all who know him. 



GEORGE NELSON. 



George Nelson entered Monmouth College in 
the autumn of 1858 and remained in College two 
years. August 10, 1861, he enlisted in Company 
C. 36th Illinois Infantry. He was with his regi- 
ment in its campaign in Missouri during the au- 
tumn of 1861, and in the spring took part with 
his regiment in the battles of Leetown and Pea 
Ridge. He accompanied his regiment when it 
was transferred to Tennessee and was present 
during the siege of Corinth. While the regiment 
was lying at Rienzi, Miss., he was sick with ty- 
phoid fever and died June 23, 1S62. 



FLEMING G. STEWART, '66. 



The story of Fleming Stewart is brief but 
pathetic. When he entered the service he was 
a mere lad, of delicate constitution, unable to 
withstand the exposure of camp and field. With- 
in three short months his young life went out 
in an army hospital. 

He was born July 25, 1S44. in Perry County. 
Penna. When a child his parents moved to Illi- 
nois and settled on a farm four miles south of 
Monmouth. 

In September 1860, when sixteen years of age, 
he entered Monmouth College, joining the Phila- 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



25 



delphian Literary Society. He re-entered in the 
fall of 1861, but the stirring events in the field 
were too strong for his patriotic spirit. He en- 
listed December 21, 1861, going to Chicago to join 
a cavalry regiment being raised by Colonel Bell. 
He became a member of Company I). 13th Illinois 
Cavalry, popularly known as Bell's Cavalry. 

He went with the regiment to St. Louis where 
be was armed and equipped for the service. The 
regiment remained at Jefferson Barracks until 
the latter part of February when it moved to the 
field. Young Stewart was stricken with pneumon- 
ia and returned to the hospital in St. Louis where 
be died March 20, 1862, attended only by hospital 
nurses and they strangers. He had passed his 
seventeenth birthday only a few months when 
his heroic young life went out. 

His was one among the first deaths of the 
College boys at the front and affected the students 
deeply. The Philadelphian Literary Society drew 
up tender resolutions respecting his death. They 
voiced his own innermost thought when they 
said: "It deepens our regret that he perished by 
the hand of disease, without being permitted to 
engage directly in the conflict." It was James 
S. Campbell who penned these resolutions. No 
such regret can be found in the resolutions of 
this Society, when his own life went out at Don- 
elson. 



ROBERT NATHANIEL McCUTCHAN. 



Robert Nathaniel McCutchan, son of Robert 
and Mary Glasgow McCutchan, was born in 
Adams County, Ohio. February 3, 1838. The fam- 
ily moved to Prairie City, Illinois, in 1853, and 
one year later removed to Mercer County. "Nat," 
as he was called, was a student in the Academy 
at Monmouth in 1854-5 and later attended the col- 
lege in Washington, Iowa. He taught school for 
sometime and entered Monmouth College in 1SBS 
When the 36th Illinois was being organized he 



ft 

ROBERT NATHANIEL McCUTCHAN. 



enlisted in Monmouth and went with the troops 
to Aurora, where he was mustered into the "Unit- 
ed States service, September 1!3, 1861. 

The 36th was known as Sheridan's pet regi- 
ment, lie kept ii a( liis headquarters a large por- 
tion of the time, bul always sent it into tne 
thickest of the battle. This accounts for its 
heavy battle loss. Young McCutchan was with 
his regiment in its Missouri campaign and at tbe 
battle of Stone River. He was killed on the 
skirmish line in the opening of the battle of 
Chickamauga, September 19, 1863. As tbe Con- 
federates got possession of the battle field, his 
body was not recovered. He was probably buried 
by the Confederates in an unknown grave. 

"Missing in action since the Battle of Chicka 
mauga" is the story of his fate — the saddest stiry 
of the war. A few months later his brother, John 
A. McCutchan, shared the same fate at the Bat- 
tle of Resaca. President Lincon could have writ- 
ten tender letters to other mothers besides Mrs 
Eixsby. 



LIEUTENANT JOHN KNOX MORTON. 



The catalogue of 1862 records the names of 
four Morton boys in the Sophomore class. The 




ALEXANDER M. MORTON. 

Adjutant General's report records the names of 
the same four boys as soldiers in Company A, 
111th Illinois Infantry. They were all born in 
Lincoln County, Tenn., and had removed to Mar- 
ion County, Illinois, from 1835 to 1841. 

John Knox Morton was the son of Calvinis- 
tic parents who had determined to educate him 
for large usefulness in the church of their choice. 
He was a young man of large mold and fitted by 
nature for large affairs. In the autumn of 1S60 
he came with his brother, Alexander M. Morton, 
to Monniouth and entered the Freshman class 
both with the expectation of completing a Col- 
lege course. 



26 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



During their vacation in 1862, when the de- 
mand for troops was so urgent, both not only en- 
listed but took an active part in raising a com- 
pany for service at the front. John Knox was 
elected First Lieutenant on -the organization of 
the Company. 

The regiment was instructed to rendezvous at 
his home town of Salem, and there during the au- 
tumn he drilled and fitted for service. Into this 
work Lieutenant Morton threw all the vigor of his 
young manhood. But there is a Reaper whose 
sickle keen gathers its harvest in the camp at 
home as well as on the field of battle. He died 
October 23, 1862, not. having seen active service 
in the field. 

His brother, Alexander M. Morton, served in 
the regiment until the close of the war, being 
mustered out at Springfield in 1865. 



GEORGE M. GILMORE, '63 



George M. Gilmore was born in New Garden, 
Chester County, Pa., November, 1839. He moved 
with his parents in 1840 to Mercer County, Illinois. 
In 1858 and 1859 he attended school in Fairfield, 
Iowa. He entered Monmouth College in the 
fall of 1860. Richly endowed by nature and stu- 
dious by disposition he took a high rank in col- 
lege during his Freshman year. In September, 
1861, he entered the Sophomore class with high 
hopes for the future as he was looking forward to 
a professional career. 

But the drum beat; and the heart beat. In 
less than a month he left college and enlisted in 
Company E, Ninth Illinois Infantry, being mus- 
tered into this regiment October 6, 1861. Colo- 
nel Eleazar E. Payne, afterwards General Payne, 
a graduate of West Point, and a resident of Mon- ■ 
mouth, commanded the regiment. Professor 
Marion Morrison of the College was the Chap- 
lain. The Ninth was one of the great regiments 
cf the Union Army. It lost the most men killed in 
action of any Illinois regiment, but the percen- 
tage of loss was not so great as that of the 36th. 
It was one of the forty-five regiments in the 
Federal Army whose killed on the field of battle 
exceeded 200. 

When the Confederate General Buckner at- 
tempted to cut his way out of Fort Donelson in 
February, 1S62, he came against the Ninth Illi- 
nois Infantry. A desperate struggle ensued. 
Buckner was driven back, but George M. Gilmore 
lay severely wounded on the field. As soon as 
he recovered he rejoined his regiment. In March, 
1864, he re-enlisted as a veteran and was promot- 
ed to a sergeantcy. 

His health was already beginning to break 
under his wounds and his three years of stren- 
uous service, but he was unwilling to leave the 
great work to which he had consecrated his life. 




GEO. M. GILMORE. 
Co. E, 9th Illinois Infantry. 

He was therefore transferred to the non-commis- 
sioned Staff and made Hospital Steward, where 
his duties were less strenuous. He went with 
Sherman to the Sea; hut he returned not. Feb- 
ruary 23, at Savannah, Georgia. 

"While this hero peaceful slept 

A foeman to his chamber crept, 

Lightly lo the slumberer came, 

Touched his brow and breathed his name: 

O'er the stricken form there passed 

Suddenly an icy blast. 

The hero woke; rose dismayed: 

Saluted Death — and sheathed his blade. 

The conqueror of a hundred fields 

To a mightier conqueror yields; 

No mortal foeman's blow 

Laid this soldier low; 

Victor in his latest breath — 

Vanquished but by Death. 

His body was brought home and now reposes 
in the cemetery at Millersburg, Illinois. 



OLD SOLDIERS' DAY. 
Wednesday, June 14th. has set aside in the 
College Calendar as "Old Soldiers' Day." Public- 
exercises will be held in the Auditorium at two 
(•'clock in the afternoon. The Commemorative ad- 
dress will be given by Major R. W. McClaughry? 
'60. Judge R. R. Wallace, '61. will preside. Man? 
of the old soldier boys have already signified their 
intention to be present. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



27 



GENERAL ABNER CLARK HARDING. 



General A. C. Harding was probably the brain- 
iest man Monmouth ever claimed as a citizen. He 
was a statesman, a general and a financier. He 
could guide a Congress, command an army, or 
manage the finances of a government with equal 
skill. Possessing great wealth, he can scarcely 
be called a philanthropist yet his gifts were fre- 
quently munificient. His contribution of ten 
thousand dollars to Monmouth College to endow 
the chair of English Literature when the College 
was in its infancy has been of larger value prob- 




GENERAL ABNER CLARK HARDING. 
Member of the Board of Trustees. 

ably than any other gift the institution, ever, re- 
ceived. He was a member of the Board of Trus- 
tees both before and after his service in the 
army and his excellent judgment respecting fi- 
nances was of great value to the institution in 
its early days. 

General Harding was of Puritan origin. His 
ancestor Joseph Harding came to America in 
the second Plymouth colony from England with 
Governor Gorgas, his relative, in 1680, and settled 
at Chatham on Cape Cod in Massachusetts. About 
1750, the family moved to Connecticut near Hart- 
ford, and later to New York near TJtica. Here he 
was born and spent bis youth until 1820 when he 
removed to Lewisburg and later to Bloomfield, 



Fenna., where he married and where his two 
children were born — Hon. George P. Harding and 
Mrs. Mary R. Snyder. In 1835, he removed to 
Monmouth, Illinois, where he lived until his death 
in July 1874. 

General Harding was in public life from a very 
early period, serving in the Constitutional Conven- 
tion of Pennsylvania in 1S36 with his life-long 
friend, Thaddeus Stevens, and in the Constitution- 
al Convention of Illinois in 1847. He. was a mem- 
ber of our state legislature in 1848 and 1850, and 
a member of Congress from 1865 to 1869. 

Like his relative John Jay Harding of Jack- 
sonville, he was originally a Jackson Democrat, 
then a Whig, then an Anti-slavery man. a Free 
Soiler, and later a Republican of the Sumner and 
Stevens school. He was ever the champion of 
the negro race. The large colored population in 
Monmouth, in a great measure, are descendants of 
slaves fleeing to his home from Fort Donelson 
where he was in command so long. 

He was one of the earliest advocates of 
Homestead laws supporting measures looking to 
that end both in the State Legislature and in Con- 
gress. He was always on the side of the people 
and against corporate power. While in the leg- 
islature he lent his influence to secure to the 
people of the State seven per cent of the gross re- 
ceipts of the Illinois Central railroad. While in 
Congress he stood with Julian and others in 
opposing land grants, subsidies and other meas- 
ures of that class. At home he fought to a fin- 
ish the township railroad bond issue of 1870. As 
early as 1866, he introduced into Congress a bill 
for the fixing of freight and passenger rates on 
railroads; in the Councils of the C, B. & Q. R. R. 
Company urged the company to obey the orders 
of the Warehouse and Railroad Commission. 

G-eneral Harding though a lawyer by profes- 
sion was a successful fanner and business man. 
He took great interest in the welfare of farmers 
giving them assistance with both money and ad- 
vice enabling them to secure farms and homes 
in the country. He organized the Second Nation- 
al Bank at Monmouth, built the Peoria and Oquaw- 
ka railroad, secured a charter for the bridge 
across the Mississippi at Burlington and was ac- 
tively engaged in other railroad enterprises. 

Great as was his civil career, his military ca- 
reer was even greater. He loved military life and 
early ran away from home to join the Navy. When 
Sumter fell he at once became active in raising 
a company of dragoons in Monmouth. Younger 
men wanted the command so he stepped aside. 

When President Lincoln in July. 1S62, called 
for 300,000 troops, he again became active in rais- 
ign a regiment largely from Warren County and 
was elected its Colonel. This was the 83rd Illi- 
nois Infantry. On going to the front he was as- 
signed an important command. The two grizzled 



28 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



warriors, Rosecrans arid Bragg, with their oppo- 
sing armies battered and thinned by the awful 
tragedies at Perryville and Stone River, stood at 
bay facing each other in middle Tennessee wait- 
ing for reinforcements and supplies and preparing 
for the death grapple of the summer of 1863. 

The Cumberland River was Rosecrans' line 
of communication along which his supplies and 
reinforcements must come. It is navigable for 
large boats as far as Donelson, but above are the 
shoals. The supplies for Rosecrans came in 
large boats to Donelson, were there stored, and 
later taken over the shoals in small vessels to 
Nashville. To guard these supplies was the Im- 
portant task assigned to Colonel Harding and his 
gallant Eighty-third. Thirty thousand or more 
troops had been concentrated at Cairo and were 
ready to move up the river to reinforce Rosecrans 
as soon as he was ready to open the spring cam- 
paign. 

Bragg selected two of his ablest Generals, 
Wheeler and Forrest, and giving them 10,000 
troops with a train of artillery, sent them to de- 
stroy the supplies at Donelson, hold the place, and 
make the reinforcement of Rosecrans an impos- 
sibility. This being done Bragg was to attack 
Rosecrans, beat him, occupy Nashville ana re- 
store Tennessee to the Confederacy. 

Had Colonel Harding known that the brain- 
iest men in the Confederacy were planning his de- 
si ruction and the ablest commanders in their 
army assigned to accomplish the task he could not 
have been more active in preparing his defense. 
Had he drilled at West Point in the scientific 
method of defensive warfare, he could not have 
planned his defense better. He abandoned the 
old Fort and took his position on th heights of 
Dover where his artillery could be used more ei- 
fectively. 

At one o'clock February 3, came a flag ~or 
truce from Forrest and Wheeler saying that they 
had come to occupy Fort Donelson, that they had 
an overwhelming force, that successful defense 
was impossible, if the place were surrendered the 
Colonel and his men would be treated as priso- 
ners of war, otherwise he must take the conse- 
quences. Colonel Harding replied: "I am ready to 
take the con sequences." 

Then followed one of the most terrific little 
battles of the entire war. Charge after charge 
was made. They charged on horse and were re- 
pulsed. They charged as infantry and were driv- 
en back, first on one part of the field and then 
on another. Colonel Harding saw to it that his 
whole fighting force was at the point of conflict at 
the time the charge was made. 

Night put an end to the bloody scene. For- 
rest and Wheeler retired, and Bragg pulled up 
his stakes a.nd left Tennessee forever. For this 
act of heroism Colonel Harding was at once made 



a Brigadier General and placed in command of 
the important post of Murfreesboro. 



THEODORE F. SECRIST '65. 



The "Soldier's Catalogue" published by Dr. 
Wallace in 1864 containing a list of the "Officers 
and students of Monmouth College who have en- 
tered the Federal Army since 1861," records the 
names of four college boys who served in Bell's 
Cavalry. The Adjutant General's report reveals 
a tragedy connected with each of these boys. 




THEODORE F. SECRIST. 
Co. D, 13th Illinois Infantry. 

Theodore F. Secrist, R. M. Hazard, and Fleming 
Stewart each placed upon the altar of his country 
the costly sacrifice of his life. It is not proper 
to mention the name nor the tragedy of the fourth 
on the same page with these noble youths. 

Theodore F. Secrist was born in Newton Ham- 
ilton, Penn. October 7, 1843. His family was a 
part of that great westward movement that set- 
tled the Military Tract between 1830 and 1850. 
The family took up its abode in Henderson Coun- 
ty in the neighborhood then called South Hen- 
derson. 

In the fall of 1861, Theodore, not yet 18 years 
old, entered Monmouth College looking forward 
to a brilliant professional career; but the killing 
of the brave Illinois Colonel E. D. Baker at Ball's 
Bluff, and other disasters fired his young heart, 
and January 4, 1S62, he threw aside the student's 
gown to don the soldier's uniform. He went to 
Chicago in company with Fleming Stewart and 
John Hill and enlisted in Company D, 13th Illi- 
nois cavalry, popularly known at that time as 
Bell's Cavalry. His chief service was in Mis- 
souri and Arkansas where his regiment was sent 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



29 



to assist in driving Price, Van Dorn 'and Marina 
duke out of the territory west of the Mississippi 
and to preserve Missouri to the Union cause. He 
v/as in all the numerous skirmishes and small 
battles in which his regiment was engaged dur- 
ing the summer of 1862. He took part in the bat- 
tles of Pitman's Ferry, Cotton Plant, Union City, 
Camp Pillow and Bloomfield without meeting any 
casualty. 

He saw some hard service in Arkansas on 
c.ccount of the shortness of provisions and the 
bad water. The wells were poisoned and the 
men were compelled to drink water from the 
sloughs and swamps. The regiment finally reach- 
ed White River where the men expected to find 
government transports and provisions; but tne 
"Johnnies" had captured the boats and the regi- 
ment was compelled to make a forced march to 
Helena, Arkansas. It was a sad march for Mon- 
mouth College: for it cost the life of three of her 
noble sons. On the march there was much suf- 
fering due to exposure, hard service, lack of food, 
and impure water. When the regiment reached 
its destination half the boys were sick. Among 
them was Theodore F. Secrist. He was sent up 
the Mississippi by boat to Jefferson Barracks, St 
"Louis, Missouri. Here, October 3, 1S62, his war- 
fare ended, for he slept the sleep that knows no 
waking. 

His body was brought home and laid to rest 
in the family lot in the cemetery at the South 
Henderson Stone Church, near where he was 
reared. 

"Grave deep his memory on your hearts, 

Keep ye his country free; 

Live for the flag for which he died — 

This is his legacy." 

"Nor shall his glory be forgot 

While fame her record keeps, 

Or honor poin's the hallowed spot 

Where valor proudly sleeps." 



SKETCH OF THE ARMY LIFE OF REV. MAR- 
ION MORRISON, FIRST PROFESSOR OF 
MATHEMATICS OF MONMOUTH 
COLLEGE. 



While Rev. Marion Morrison was acting as 
Financial Agent of Monmouth College, during the 
summer of '63, he received, through the agencj 
of a former student, Private Jas. Carnahan, an 
invitation from Lt. Col. Phillips, commanding the 
flth Illinois Infantry, to visit that regiment at 
Pocahontas, Tenn. Though previously an entire 
stranger to all, this visit resulted in a written 
request, signed by all the officers of the regi- 
ment, to become their chaplain. This "call 
coming thus unsought was accepted, he was mus- 



tered in Sept. 4th, 1863, and performed the reg- 
ular duties of his office for nearly a year, being 
mustered out with most of the regiment in the 
summer of '64. For nearly two years before he 
joined, the regiment had been without a chap- 
lain or regular religious services; many of the 
men were German Catholics, there being only 
thirty in the entire regiment who were mem- 




MARION MORRISON. 

Lers of any Protestant church; yet all received 
the services cordially. Only one man was a 
United Presbyterian, but fortunately he was a 
good singer, and the Psalms were used regularly 
in their services. The regiment was mounted 
and engaged almost continuously in scouting duty; 
often working in scattered detachments it was 
difficult to get all together for services. During 
this period, the regiment was engaged in south- 
ern Tennessee and northern Mississippi and Ala- 
bama. When his service closed, they were be- 
tween Chatanooga and Atlanta. As they wert 
engaged almost continually in skirmishing, the 
regiment suffered severely, and Chaplain Morri- 
son had his full share of hospital work. Owing 
to exposure due to their bein'g constantly on the 
move during the winter, he contracted chronic 
diarrhea, which together with ague, had so de- 
bilitated him that he was scarcely able to stand 
the journey home. And indeed the former dis- 
ease gave him great annoyance until the very 
ciose of his life. 



CHAPLAIN MONTGOMERY, '66. 



John H. Montgomery was born May 4, 1836, 
near New Vernon, Mercer County, Pa. He came 
to Illinois when twenty-one years of age and be- 
gan teaching in Ohio Grove township, Mercer 
county. He entered the Preparatory Department 
of the College in 1S58 and was a Junior in lS6i 
when President Lincoln issued his call for 300,000 



30 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



troops. He at once enlisted in Company C, 83rd 
Illinois Infantry. The week before he left for 
the front he was united in marriage to Miss Mar- 
tha Evaline Hemphill, a College girl from South. 
Henderson, for whom he had formed a strong at- 
tachment. Next year the golden wedding will 
be due. May the bells ring more sweetly than 
they did in sixty-two. 

At the battle of Fort Donelson, February is, 
1862, Mr. Montgomery was taken prisoner. His 
parole was signed by General John B. Gordon, 
afterward United States Senator from Georgia. 

When a portion of "the regiment was moved 
to Clarksville, Tenn., Sergeant Montgomery was 
made battalion Quarter-Master, and thus given 
some leisure which he devoted to private study. 
Borrowing "Dick's Theology" and a Hebrew Bible 
from the Presbyterian minister of Clarksville he 
entered upon the work of fitting himself for the 
ministry. 

When the Sixteenth United States Colored 
Infantry was recruited and organized at Clarks- 
ville, John A. Gordon was made Captain of one 
of the companies. He and others suggested that 
if Sergeant Montgomery could be licensed anu 
oidained he might become Chaplain of the Col- 
ored regiment. Apprising Dr. Wallace of tat. 
plan, he arranged for a meeting of the Monmouth 
Presbytery. Mr. Montgomery received a fur- 
lough, came home, and being duly examined wav 
licensed and ordained to the sacred ministry, 
May 24, 1864, he was commissioned Chaplain and 




J. H. MONTGOMERY. 

entered zealously upon his work. He erected a 
chapel, established a school, taught his soldiers 
to read and write, and gave them valuable les- 
sons on American citizenship teaching them to 
use wisely the freedom which had lately been 
bestowed upon them. In October 1865, the wat 
being over, Chaplain Montgomery resigned and 
returned to College graduating in the class oi 
1S66. 



He has spent the greater portion of his no. 
ble life in the Home Mission work on the west- 
ern frontier, particularly in Kansas and Nebras- 
ka. He and his wife are both living and reside 
at Pawnee City, Nebraska. 



CHAPLAIN MATTHEW BIGGER. 



Trustee Who Raised Monmouth's First Endow- 
ment. 

By marriage only distantly related, yet by 
mutually attractive qualities of loveable man- 




M. "M. BIGGER. 

hood, David A. Wallace and Matthew Bigger 
were as brothers. Wallace was stocky in build; 
Bigger an athlete, six feet two and muscular, 
with the erect carriage of a stalwart soldier. 
Differing in temperaments, these two in early 
manhood were somehow drawn together, and the 
friendship which then began to be woven into 
a fabric, never knew the breaking of a single 
thread in all their years of fellowship. 

It was Wallace who named his friend, Big- 
ger, as his successor in the principalship of the 
First Ward school, Wheeling, Va., carrying with 
it the supervision of all the schools in the city; 
and it was Bigger who commended his friend 
Wallace, then pastor of a church in Fall River, 
Mass., as the man fitted to become the first Pres- 
ident of Monmouth College, an institution grow- 
ing out of a classical school which he (Bigger) 
taught, whilst he was acting as pastor of the little 
Associate Reformed "Church, now the First 
United Presbyterian of Monmouth. 

Matthew Bigger was born A. D. 1S20. His 
birthplace was New Concord, Ohio, where he 
grew up as a farmer boy. In his teens he be- 
came j a. tanner, soon taking charge of his father's 
tannery, with all its duties, including wheeling 
the product along the pike to Baltimore, Md. 
He was educated at Muskingum College,, entering 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



31 



College after marriage, completing his equipment 
for the ministry in Allegheny Seminary. In '54 
he journeyed west as a missionary, and his first 
field of labor was at. Monmouth. Subsequently 
he was pastor at Sunbeam (then called Pope 
Creek) and at Alcdo. Later lie was pastor in 
( hicago. 

Then came the Civil War. As a patriot, he 
responded to the first call, offering his services 
to his country; but wise heads recognizing the 
igood he could accomplish, he was set at work 
inspiring his countrymen to enlist, and company 
alter company responded to his ringing appeals 
and eloquent pleas in behalf of the Union. He 
was offered the captaincy of companies, and the 
eagles of the command of two regiments. He 
could not see his way clear to accept when there 
was work for him to do at the front in his sacred 
vocation. Accepting a commission as a Chap- 
lain, he became minister to the 50th Illinois Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and with that command remain- 
ed until mustered out at the Grand Review hela 
in Washington at the close of the war. 

Varied instances might be related of the 
Chaplain's devotion to the boys of the "Blind 
Half-Hundred," as the Fiftieth was facetiously 
dubbed — one will suffice. After the battle of 
Shiloh, the Union army moved on to Corinth. 
During the siege it was well known how the Un- 
ion commander stupidly permitted the Confed- 
erates to escape. But the Union boys were in a 
horrible physical condition — scurvy becoming 
well nigh a plague. 

"Something must be done, Surgeon, to save 
our boys," declared the Chaplain one evening 
while in the Surgeon's tent. "What will do it — 
You ought to know?" 

"Onions and pickles, Chaplain, will put them 
to the good," responded Kendall, blowing a great 
mouthful of smoke towards the tent pole, "but we 
have neither onions nor pickles." 

Quick as flash came the answer. 

"We'll get them, Doctor Kendall, and I want 
yoii to help me get a leave of absence. I'll get 
the onions and pickles." 

Without a moment's delay an application 
was prepared and approved that night by the 
regimental commanding officer. The next morn- 
ing brigade, division and corps headquarters wer 
visited by the Surgeon and. Chaplain, and in the 
afternoon Chaplain Bigger was on his way home. 
Arriving at Quincy, he caused his mission to be 
made known through the Quincy papers, describ- 
ing the condition of the soldiers, and stating that 
he would carry all the onions, pickles, potatoes 
and such antiscorbutics to the soldiers that 
would be sent to the Quincy dock on a certain 
date. The result was overwhelming — seventeen 
and one-half tons had been shipped to his ad- 
dress and awaited removal south. 



Nothing daunted, the Chaplain got an order 
from the War Department for preferred trans- 
portation and the cargo was on its way by the 
first boat to St. Louis. The boys way down in 
Mississippi had heard from their home folks 01 
the Chaplain's clever manoeuver to surprise 
them, and at once determined to get even with 
him, and what a surprise awaited him! Every 
able-bodied man off duty hiked out to the woods. 
Trees were cut down, clap-boards split out and 
when the Chaplain arrived his feet were not per- 
mitted to touch Mississippi soil until after he had 
stood in his own pulpit in a tabernacle his boys 
had built him. Tears ran down the Chaplain's 
cheeks when the full import of his comrades' 
love came to him, and for some moments it was 
impossible for him to speak. 

On the morning of December 21, 1872, in the 
flash of a swift moment, Chaplain Bigger's life 
was quickly transmitted from earthly to Hea- 
venly tenement. Dr. Wallace startled by the an- 
nouncement which he read in a Boston morning 
paper, being there on business, wired his mes- 
sage of sympathy to 'the family, stating he would 
attend the funeral services, which he did, on 
Christinas day, the interment being made in the 
beautiful cemetery, where his dust mingles with 
the dust of his compatriot dead. 

Chaplain Bigger's sudden taking off was due 
to an internal injury received while carrying a 
very large man, Captain SterretJt, from the bat- 
tlefield of Shiloh to the second deck of a steamer 
fully one-fourth of a mile. He bore the suffering 
man on his back to the steamer's deck and when 
he laid him on the surgeon's table, something, 
by reason of the strain and tension, gave way 
within and subsequently the Chaplain was never 
free from a trouble of the heart which finally 
caused his death. His memory will be cherished 
as long as patriotism is revered. 



ROBERT WILSON McCLAUGHRY. 



Major, 118th Illinois Infantry — Additional Paymas- 
ter, United States Army. — Class of 1860. 

R. W. McClaughry was born at Fountain 
Green, Illinois, July 22, 1839; was the son of Mat- 
thew and Mary Hume McClaughry. He was rais- 
ed on the farm at Fountain Green. He commenc- 
ed his preparatory college studies in the Old 
Presbyterian College at Macomb, Illinois, but 
completed his college course at Monmouth College 
in 1860. He was engaged as tutor in the college 
until close of 1861, then settled at Carthage, Ill- 
inois, and became Editor of the Carthage Repub- 
lican, vigorously supporting the Union cause. 
He was married June 17, 1862, to Elizabeth C. 
Madden of the Class of 1858. 

On August 15, 1862, he enlisted under the 
President's call for 300,000 men; was unanimous- 



32 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



ly elected Captain of the company then organ- 
ized, afterwards known as Company "B", 118th 
Illinois. The regiment went into rendezvous at 
Camp Butler, Springfield, Illinois, early in Sep- 
tember and was placed in charge of Confederate 
prisoners, who had been captured at Fort Donel. 
son. Fort Henry and Shiloh. 

Upon final organization and master of the 
regiment November 8, 1862, he was chosen Ma- 
jor, and departed with the regiment December 
1st for the South. The regiment participated i7i 
the first attack on Vicksburg under Sherman, 
December 1862, known as the Chickasaw Bayou 
Campaign, which resulted disastrously; in the 
attack on Arkansas Post, January 11, 1863, which 
was a victory for the Union cause, and, after the 
capture of the Post, returned immediately to 
Vicksburg and commenced, with the Army of the 
Tennessee, that long-drawn-out, ardous, but fin- 
ally successful campaign under Grant, which re- 
sulted in the capture of Vicksburg July 4, 18~63. 

The regiment participated in the Battles of 
Port Gibson, Raymond, Champion Hill, Big Black 
and all the assaults and movements which con- 
stituted what is known as the "siege of Vicks- 
burg," Immediately upon the fall of Vicksburg, 
the regiment marched with its Division to the 
attack and capture of Jackson, Miss., and then 
returned to Vicksburg. It departed, August 8th 
for Port Hudson and New Orleans, becoming a 
part of the Army of the Gulf, with which it serv. 
ed until the close of the War. 

In May, 1864, Major McClaughry was trans- 
ferred from field service and assigned to duty as 
Additional Paymaster, U. S. A. In September of 
1864, he was ordered to Springfield, Illinois, charg- 
ed with the duty of paying the troops, that were 
then beginning to be mustered out, and was kopr, 
closely in that service until October 13, 1865, 
when he was mustered out because of the close 
of the conflict. 

He was elected and served as County Clerk of 
Hancock County from 1865 until 1869, and then 
entered the stone business, during which his firm 
furnished the stone for the bridges over the Miss- 
issippi River at Keokuk, Iowa, and Quincy, Illi- 
nois, also the stone for the foundation and base- 
ment of the present State House at Springfiell, 
Illinois. 

On July 31, 1874, he was appointed Warden 
of the Illinois State Penitentiary at Joliet, Illi- 
nois, which position he held until December, 188S, 
when he 'was appointed General Superintendent 
of the Pennsylvania Industrial Reformatory at 
Huntington, Pa., and organized that institution, re- 
maining there until May 15, 1891, when he ac- 
cepted the position of Chief of Police of Chicago, 
Illinois, during the World's Fair, retiring thesc- 
from in August 1893, to accept the Superintendent 
cy of the Illinois State Reformatory at Pontiac, 



with which he remained until March 1897, when 
he returned to Joliet at the request of the Gov- 
earnor to reorganize the State Penitentiary and 
remained in that position until July 1, 1899, when, 
he accepted his present position of Warden of 
the United States Penitentiary at Leavenworth, 
Kansas; taking special charge of the construe 
tion of the new Penitentiary, which is now ap- 
proaching completion. 

In this last position he still remains; having 
given about thirty-five years to the study and 
execution of the State and Federal Laws againsi 
crime, and having taken part, more or less, in all 
the discussions of criminal questions that have 
engaged not only the United States, but the var- 
ious countries of the World; and having served as 
Delegate from the United States in two interna- 
tional meetings to promote reforms throughout 
the World in dealing with questions of crime and 
criminals. 



MAJOR JOHN A. GORDON, '68. 



J. A. Gordon entered the Preparatory Depart- 
ment of Monmouth College in 1858, the Collegiate 
Department in 1860. In 1862 he enlisted as a sol- 
dier in the Eighty-third Illinois. He served in 
that regiment, first as Corporal, later as Sergeant, 




MAJOR JOHN A. GORDON. 
16th Regiment of United States Colore.] Lufailiy. 

until the spring of 1864, when he was appointed 
Lieutenant in the Sixteenth U. S. Colored Infan- 
try. Soon after that he was promoted to the rank 
of Captain and later to that of Major in the same 
regiment. He continued in that service until the 
spring of 1866. 

On his return home, having been out of Col- 
lege so long — four years — he concluded not to re- 
sume his studies in the School, and took up the 
study of law. But atter a few months he return- 
ed to College and completed his course, graduat- 
ing in 1868. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



33 



During the next eight years he was head of 
the English Department in the College. 

Since he resigned his professorship in Mon- 
mouth College he has heen engaged most of the 
time in. the work of the ministry and in that of 
teaching in Occidental College, Los Angeles. For 
the last four years he has been President of the 
Bible League in California. 

Dr. Gordon is deeply grateful that he was 
educated under the influence of such men as Dr. 
Wallace and Dr. Young and their associates in the 
Faculty of Monmouth College. 

During his student days he was much inter- 
ested in the work of his literary society, the Ec- 
critean. He feels that he was highly honored in 
being chosen to represent his society in the an- 
nual contests with the Philadelphian in declama- 
tion, essay, and oration. He was chosen as ora- 
tor during the last year of his service in the Army, 
in the expectation that he would be in College 
next year. When he decided not to rturn to Col- 
lege, he resigned the position. 

Both the regiments with which he was con- 
nected were engaged most of the time in garrison 
dr.ty, the Eigty-third at Fort Donelson and Clarks- 
ville, the Sixteenth at Chattanooga. He was in 
two very important battles, the second battle of 
Fort Donels.cn, and the battle with Hood's army 
at Nashville. 

As a teacher in the English Department in the 
College, his aim was to aid the student in acquir- 
ing a working knowledge of the English Language, 
thorough acquaintance with and due appreciation, 
of masterpieces of English Literature, and a mas- 
tery of the Art of Expression. 

Besides the subjects included in the English 
Department, he taught the Science of Government 
Political Economy, and the Bible. 

He is deeply grateful for the privilege of oc- 
cupying the position of a teacher in such an In- 
stitution as Monmouth College and of giving some 
little help in the great work which our College 
has done for Christ and His Church and tne 
world. 

The writer was a student in Monmouth Col- 
lege while Dr. Gordon was Professor of English 
in that Institution, and memory bells are ringing 
in the chambers of his heart as he pens these 
lines. He remembers his devout talks in the old 
chapel at the Monday evening prayer meeting. 
He hears him, even now as he follows "Paul out 
through that Ostian gate to die." He can never 
forget his interpretation of Wordsworth's Ode >» 
Immortality, and he sincerely hopes that there 
may come again to this great teacher 

"A time when meadow, grove, and stream, 

The earth and every common sight 
To him may seem appareled in celestial light 
The glory and the freshness of a dream." 



MAJOR GEORGE H. PALMER, '61. 



When the English crusader returned from the 
wars to recover the Holy Sepulcher, he brought 
home with him a branch of palm as an evidence 
of the truth that he had been to the Holy Land in 
the sacred cause of his holy religion. He thus 
became known as a Palmer. 

George H. Palmer entered Monmouth College 
in 1858. He was able to attend but a single year. 
He was born of patriotic stock. His great grand- 
father served as a Colonel in the War of the 
Revolution, assisting in the capture of Burgoyne 
at Saratoga. His grandfather was for years a 
Major General in the New York State militia, and 
his father a cavalry officer in the Mexican War. 

It was no surprise to those who knew their 
genealogy that in twelve days after the firing up- 
on Sumter, the father had raised a company in 
and around Monmouth and started for the front, 
his son accompanying him as a bugler. This was 
Company G, First Illinois cavalry. 

Young Palmer received his baptism of fire 




MAJOR GEORGE H. PALMEH. 

at Lexington, Missouri, where the Confederate 
General Price attacked Colonel Mulligan with an 
overwhelming force. When the Union Hospital 
was taken, volunteers were called for to recap- 
ture it. Young Palmer was the first to volunteer 
and led the successful charge. For this deed of 
heroism he was awarded a Medal of Honor by 
the Secretary of War. "Millions could not tray 
it," he said, when it came to him. 

The regiment lost its organization and young 
Palmer was honorably discharged October 9. 
1861. In August 1862, he again entered the ser- 
vice as First Lieutenant of Company A. 83rd 
Illinois Infantry. When his superior officer was 
killed in battle he was promoted Captain and serv- 
ed in this capacity until honorably mustered out 



34 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



with his command, June 26, 1865, because or the 
termination of the war. 

In January, 1867, he entered the regular army 
and was appointed Second Lieutenant in the 
Twenty-seventh "United States Infantry and in 
1885 was promoted to Captain. 

After his service in the war with Spain he 
was promoted to Major, Fourth Infantry, in which 
rank he served until retired February 27, 1899. 
His strenuous service in a tropical climate has- 
tened his death. 

Few men have influenced the current of 
their children's lives as did Major Palmer. Two 
of his sons are officers in the United States 
army today, and his two daughters are the wives 
of United States officers. One son is in civil life. 
His widow as patriotic as himself survives him 
and resides in Chicago. 

Major Palmer was a member of the Illinois 
Commandery of the Loyal Legion. He was mod- 
est, unassuming and even reserved, but he com- 
manded 1 the respect of all and bound his friends 
to him with "hooks of steel." April 7th, 1901, 
having met fearlessly and faithfully all the calls 
of duty, he met the summons of the "ultimate 
conqueror" without fear or remorse — - 
"as one 

Who wraps the drapery of his couch about him 

Aud lies down to pleasant dreams." 



SAMUEL J. WILSON. 



He was born November 27, 1838, in Rushville, 
Illinois. His father, Rev. Samuel Wilson, remov- 
ed to Monmouth, Illinois, in 1839 and became the 
first pastor of the Presbyterian Church at thai 
place. He died while still pastor in the year 1847. 

Samuel J. Wilson entered the Sophomore 
class of Monmouth College early in 1857 and grad- 
uated in the Classical Course with the Class or 

1860. He taught a country school in Henderson 
County during the winter of 1860-1861. In April, 

1861, he enlisted under the. first call by the Pres- 
ident for troops to put down the Rebellion, and 
was commissioned Second Lieutenant of Com- 
pany "D," 10th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, time of enlistment, three months. He 
served this term at Cairo, Illinois. 

In July, 1861, he re-enlisted with his regiment 
for three years or during the war, and was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant of Company "E" in 
said regiment. He was promoted to Captain of 
the same company in July, 1862. In January, 
1864, he re-enlisted with his regiment for three 
years more of service under the "Veteran" Act 
of Congress. In March, 1864, he was promoted 
to Major of said reiment. 

With this regiment he participated in all the 
camp duties, marches, skirmishes, engagements 
and battles, in which the 10th Illinois partici- 



pated. This included New Madrid, Missouri, Is- 
land No. 10, Siege of Corinth, Miss., engagements 
around Nashville, Tenn., and movements in the 
advance on Chattanooga. 

His regiment was assigned to Morgan's Bri- 
gade, Davis's Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 
Army of the Cumberland. He was with his regi- 
ment in all movements and engagements from 
Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge to Atlanta, 
Georgia. He was severely wounded by a Minie 
ball in the left thigh at Peach Tree Creek in 
front of Atlanta, July 18, 1864, being at that time 
in command of his regiment, and was sent to the 
Officers' Hospital on Lookout Mountain. As soon 
as he was able to travel, he was furloughed and 
returned to his home at Oquawka, Illinois. 




MAJOR S. J. WILSON, '60. 
10th Illinois Infantry. 

His wound proved obstinate, and because of 
it, he was honorably discharged from the service 
December 2, 1864. He now resides at Macon, 
Mo., which place has been his home for most of 
the time since he left the service. 

Major Wilson in his life has made large con- 
tributions to the welfare of society, but no contri- 
bution of his life has been of greater value than 
the service to his country. 

A kind Providence has lengthened his days 
beyond the three score years and ten and he en- 
joys the respect and esteem of all who know him. 



Extra Copies of this Memorial Num- 
ber may be secured for 25c ea.ch. Ad- 
drsss the office Monmouth College. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



35 



CAPTAIN JOHN M. BAUGH, '65. 



John M. Ba'ugh was a native of Ohio, born 
at Hillsboro, September 25, 1839. In childhood 
his family moved to Iowa and he grew to man- 
hood on a farm near Oskaloosa. In his youth he 
had a passion for knowledge, attending not only 




CAPT. JOHN M. BAUGH. 

the district and "select" schools of the commun- 
ity, but studying at the United Presbyterian Col- 
lege at Washington. He was a Junior at Mon- 
mouth College in 1862, and at home on his sum- 
mer vacation when President Lincoln issued his 
call for 300,000 troops. He entered with great 
zeal upon the work of raising a company for the 
service and was chosen Second Lieutenant on its 
organization and soon afterward promoted to 
Captain, in which capacity he was in active ser- 
vice for two years. 

Near the close of the war he returned and 
resumed his studies, being graduated from the 
College in 1865 and from the Seminary in 1867. 
In 1864, while at home on detached duty, he was 
united in marriage with Victoria Dunbar, a 
daughter of Colonel Dunbar, a pioneer and pa- 
triot. From this union three daughters still sur- 
vive. 

Prior to his graduation from the Seminary, 
Mr. Baugh was called to a pastorate at Bloom- 
ington, Illinois, where he entered upon the great 
work of his life, spanning more than the third of 
a century. He was soon called to Chicago as 
pastor of the Memorial Church, which he built. 
After a successful pastorate here of several years 
he severed his connection with the United Pres- 
byterian Church and entered into fellowship with 
the Presbyterian. After a short pastorate at 
Bloomfield, he was called to the First Presby- 
terian Church of Oskaloosa, Iowa, to guide and 
direct the people among whom he had spent his 
youth. For twenty years he ministered unto 



their needs, entering into the innermost life of 
the Church and the community. 

He was an extensive reader, a profound 
thinker, and a fearless advocate of his convic- 
tions. A great hearted, broad minded, scholarly 
man, richly endowed with the powers of oratory, 
which he used in the pulpit and on the platform 
for the betterment of his fellow men. 

He died in Chicago last January and was 
laid to rest in Oakland Cemetery. 



CAPT. JOHN AULD BURNS, '69. 



Alexander Burns was born in Ayrshire, Scot- 
land, in 1739. When a lad fourteen years old he 
was impressed into the British navy as a "pow- 
der boy" and served the seven years of the 
French and Indian War. When discharged he 
remained in America, and was one of the first 
five thousand men to cross the Allegheny Ridges 
and settle in what was then called Westmoreland 
County, Pennsylvania. When the Revolutionary 
War broke out he enlisted as a private in Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Robinson's Company, First Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, Continental Line. On a foray 
against the Indians in Ohio he was captured and 
remained a prisoner with the savages three years. 
Escaping near Detroit, he trudged alone through 
the forests to his home near the present village 
of Burnsville, in Washington County, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

John A. Burns, son of William and Elizabeth 
Auld Burns, was born July 2, 1843, and celebrated 
his twentieth birthday in the "Vortex of Death" 
in the wheat field at Gettysburg. He was a Soph. 




REV. JOHN A. BURNS. 

omore in Waynesburg College in July, 1862, when 
President Lincoln made his call for troops. He 
was one who helped to make real the refrain — 
"We are coming, Father Abraham, 
three hundred thousand more, 



36 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



Prom Mississippi's winding streams, 
and from New England's shore." 

When the regiment was organized at Pic^s- 
burg, he was appointed Second Sereeant. With 
the regiment he was drilled and fitted for ser- 
vice at Parkton Barracks, Maryland 

This regiment proved to be one of the fa- 
mous regiments of the Civil War. No other regi- 
ment in Pennsylvania had such a heavy battle 
loss. Of the 2,000 regiments in the Union Army 
only two had a larger percentage killed in bat- 
tle. It was a small regiment, carrying on its mus. 
ter rolls from first to last 1,123 men. Of these, 
198 were killed in battle and 534 were wounded, 
making a battle loss of 732, or over 65 per cent 
c!' the men enlisted. 

Captain Burns was with his regiment in 
twenty-eight battles in which there were losses, 
some of them the bloodiest of the war. Of his 
four promotions, three were due to the fact that 
his superior officer was killed or disabled in bat- 
tle. He received his "baptism of fire" at Chancel- 
lorville. July 3, 1S63, he stood on Cemetery 
Ridge at Gettysburg and saw — 

"At the brief command of Lee, 
Move out that matchless infantry, 
With Pickett leading grandly down, 
To rush against the roaring crown 
Of those dread heights of destiny. 
Above the bayonets, mixed and crossed, 
He saw a gray, gigantic ghost 
Receding through the battle-cloud, 
And heard across the tempest loud 
The death-cry of a nation lost." 

In December, 1863, he was ordered home on 
recruiting service. He spent the months of Jan- 
uary, February, March, and a portion of April in 
arresting deserters, in sending drafted men who 
had failed to report to the front, and in se- 
curing new recruits. For this service he receiv- 
ed the bitter condemnation of some of his neigh- 
bors not in sympathy with war, who denounced 
him for sending their sons to an unholy war to 
be shot. He reached his regiment in the Spring 
in time for the Richmond Campaign. 

He was in the "Bloody Angle" at Spottsyl- 
vania, in the awful slaughter at Cold Harbor, in 
the battle and siege of Petersburg, and on the 
Appomattox campaign. Sunday morning, April 9, 
1865, he was on the skirmish line across an old 
wagon road, a short distance from Appomattox 
Court House. The lines of the two armies were 
less than one hundred yards apart. He saw 
General Lee on his white horse ride out with his 
Staff between the lines, dismount, and seat him- 
self under an apple tree by the wayside to await 
the coming of General Grant. When Colonel Bab- 
cock, of Grant's Staff, rode up, Lee mounted and 
rode through the lines of his company to the Mc- 
Lean House, where the terms of the surrender 



were agreed upon. The regiment cut down the 
apple tree and distributed its parts among them- 
selves. A portion of this tree is still in the Cap- 
tain's family. These are the main facts around 
which the myth of the "famous apple tree" has 
grown. 

April 6, he was with his regiment when Lee's 
wagon train was attacked and captured at Sailor 
Creek. The portion of the train to which his 
regiment came contained the officers' baggage. 
One of his Company took therefrom the uniform 
of General John B. Gordon. The Captain look a 
leather case containing a complete toilet set be- 
longing to Brigadier General Hunter. It is a 
treasured memento in his family today. 

April 7, in command, he led his regiment in 
the heroic but disastrous charge at Farmville. 
For the heroism of that day the regiment was 
given the place of honor at the surrender of the 
Army of Northern Virginia. 

On this campaign he was one day in com- 
mand of the flankers. About noon he came upon 
a similar body of Confederates eating their lunch 
by a little stream in the woods. A nasty little 
battle occurred. A Confederate sword hanging 
in the home of his brother in Macomb, Illinois, 
is a mut<e reminder of the issue of the struggle. 

On one occasion he went to President Lin- 
coln, and appealed to him in person in behalf of 
John Fisher, a member of his Company, who had 
been condemned by Court-Martial to be shot for 
desertion. Mr. Lincoln heard his appeal, grant- 
ed his request, and Mr. Fisher is a respectable 
citizen today near his old home. 

After taking part in the Grand Review at 
Washington, he was mustered out May 31, and 
reached home June 5, having commanded a reg- 
iment of men in one of the great battles of the 
war when only twenty-one years of age. 

The war made a deep impression on his 
moral and religious nature, and he determined to 
enter the sacred ministry that he might teach 
men the gospel of peace and good will. He en- 
tered Waynesburg College in October, 1865, and 
was graduated from the Scientific Course in Sep- 
tember, 1867. He went direct to Monmouth, took 
up the study of foreign languages, and was grad- 
uated from the College in 1869, and from the 
United Presbyterian Seminary in that city in 
1872. He was pastor of the Church at North 
English, Iowa, four years, and of the First United 
Presbyterian Church of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 
two years, when he was stricken with Bright's 
disease and passed to the other life March 28, 
1878. His remains rest in Mount Wollaston Cem- 
etery in Quincy, Massachusetts, near where lie 
the bodies of two Presidents of the United States. 

In 1871 he married Eliza Hardwick of Quincy, 
Mass. A daughter of this union survives. She 
is the wife of Professor Hall, of Millbury, and as 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



37 



active in Christian work as was her father, 
widow still lives in Quincy, Mass. 



CAPTAIN ROBERT M. CAMPBELL, '63. 



Captain Robert M. Campbell, another son of 
Mungo D., and Mary Maben Campbell, who locat- 
ed in Monmouth in 1 sr»6, was born in Westmore- 



Campbell was Provost Marshal in Alexandria, 
Louisiana until mustered out January 5, 1 SCG, af- 
ter almost five years of continuous active service. 
Mr has resided in Peoria, Illinois since 1876, 
has been Assistant Postmaster of that City for 
the past eighteen years. He was married to Miss 
Effie G. Babcock, November 30, 1871. 



CAPT. ALBERT GALLOWAY CRAWFORD, '61. 




CAPT. R. M. CAMPBELL. 

land County, Pennsylvania November 10, 1839. 
He was in the Preparatory Department of the Col- 
lege in 1861 and enlisted on the first call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for troops in Captain Josia'h Moore's 
Company "P," 17th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. 
The Company was organized at Monmouth and 
was mustered into the 17th Illinois Infantry at 
Peoria, Illinois, May 24, 1861 under Leonard F. 
Ross, Colonel. 

Young Campbell was with his regiment and 
on duty in all its marches, battles and sieges. 
Was promoted to Sergeant in April, 1862 for meri- 
torious conduct in the battles of Fort Donelson 
and Shiloh, promoted to Color Sergeant of the 
rc-giment March 29, 1863. 

When President Lincoln decided to organize 
colored troops, officers were selected from the 
non-commissioned officers of the regiments then 
in the field. Campbell was recommended by his 
officers and was commissioned by the President 
as Captain of Company "F," 47th Regiment Unit- 
ed States Colored troops, June 6, 1863. This reg- 
iment was stationed in Vicksburg from October, 
1863 to February 1S64, was in the battel of Yazzoo 
City, Miss., March 5, 1864, where Campbell receiv- 
ed a slight wound in the foot. 

This regiment was also a part of General Can- 
by's army in the siege and capture of Moline, Ala- 
bama. It led in the assault and capture of the de- 
fences of Fort Blakeley, Miss., April 9, 1865, which 
proved to be the last battle of the war in the west. 
From Mobile it was sent to Red River, Louisiana. 



Albert Galloway Crawford was born Lit Mon- 
mouth, Illinois, July 9. 1835. He attended .Mon- 
mouth College, from which he graduated in 1861. 
He taught school for four years, one year as 
principal of the West Ward School, and was ap- 
pointed principal of the East Ward School, but 
he resigned to enter the army. After going to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and taking the examination for 
a commission in the Volunteer Army, he was 
appointed Captain of Co. I-f, 4th United States 
Colored Troops. This company was with the 
Army of the Potomac, and Captain Crawford was 
wounded in the siege of Petersburg and taken 
to a hospital at Annapolis, Md. He was tur- 
loughed and later given a disability discharge. 

Oct. 23, 1865, he was married to Miss Mary 
Burroughs of Monmouth. In the same year he 
wis elected County Surveyor of Warren County, 
which position he resigned to go to Clinton, Mis- 
souri. He held several county offices at Clinton 




A. G. CRAWFORD. 

at different times, and also held a position as 
civil engineer with the New Orleans, Baton 
Rouge and Vicksburg Railroad, the Tebo and 
Neosho, later known as the M. K. and T. Rail- 
road, and the Cherokee and I'arsons Narrow 
Guage, which was his last work". 

He died at his father's home near Clinton, 
Missouri, June 14, 1S7S, leaving besides his 
wife, two young daughters. 



38 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



CAPTAIN WILLIAM JAMES, '65. 



William James was an orphan boy whom Will- 
iam and Margaret Jamison of Oquawka reared. 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM JAMES. 

He entered the Classical Course ot Monmouth Col- 
lege in I860. He enlisted April 17, 1861 as a pri- 
vate in Company D, Tenth Illinois Infantry for 
three months, was promoted to First Sergeant and 
mustered out at Cairo, July 29, 1861. He soon 
after re-enlisted as a private in Company C, One. 
Hundredth Pennsylvania "Volunteers for three 
years. ■ This regiment was known as the Round- 
heads. 

He was promoted to Sergeant and served 
with the regiment until October, 1862, when lie 
was commissioned Captain of the 33rd IT. S. Col- 
ored Infantry. He served in the Department ot 
the South and was mustered out March 31, 1866, 
his services being no longer required by the gov- 
ernment. 

He has been a prominent Grand Army man, 
joining the Order in 1883. He organized the O. M. 
Mitchell Post No. 4, of Jacksonville, Florida, and 
served as Post Commander three terms. He has 
served as Officer of the Day for the last ten years.. 
He had a prominent part in the organization of 
the Department and was its chief Mustering Offi- 
cer. He served as Junior, Senior and Department 
Commander. He has served as A. D. C. and A. I. 



G. on the National Staff. He is now. a member 
of the National Council of Administration. 

In civil life his record has been honorable and 
trustworthy. He served one term in the Flori- 
da legislature and is an active member of the 
Jacksonville Board of Trade. At Atlantic City, 
September 22, 1910, he was elected Junior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the 
Republic of the United States. 



CAPTAIN WM. H. CLARK, '62. 

Captain Wm. H. Clark was born in Guernsey 
County, Ohio, in 1838, and came to Monmouth 
in 1851. He entered Monmouth College in 1858 
and completed the Junior year in 1862. August 
5, 1862, he enlisted in Company F, 83>.d Illinois, 
and served with that regiment until June 24, 1864, 
when he was promoted to Captain of Company I, 
16 IT. S. C. T., and served with that regiment at 
the capture of Atlanta ard the Battle of Nash- 
ville, and various other minor engagements, ana 
was mustered out at Nashville May 30, 1866. 

He studied law while in the army, and after 
his muster out in July 1S66 he removed to Kan- 
sas, where he has ever since remained, and Is 
now a resident of Ottawa. He has been 
engaged in the practice of law ever since com 
ing to Kansas. 

In 1866 he was married to Jennie Graham, ;. 
graduate of Monmouth College, and his only 
daughters, Eva and Pearl, are both graduates of 
the same institution. 

He is still living at Ottawa, Kansas, and ac- 
tively engaged in the law business. 



CAPTAIN EWELL JAMISON, '62. 

Ewell Jamison was the younger brother of 
Matthew Henry Jamison. He was born in Oquaw- 
ka, February 11, 1842. He entered Monmouth Col- 
lege in 1860, and in 1861 was a Junior in the 
Scientific Course. When the Tenth Illinois In- 
fantry was reorganized for three years' service, 
he enlisted in this regiment with his brother. 
When the United States government entered up- 
on the policy of employing negro troops, he pass- 
ed a successful examination for a commission and 
was appointed Captain of a colored company. 

The commissioned officers of colored troops 
were selected from the non-commissioned officers 
of the white troops, those being selected who 
showed the greatest ability to command and 
the greatest aptitude in learning the drill. Few 
could compete with college students in these re- 
spects, so they were frequently appointed to such 
commands. 

When the war was over Capt. Jamison did not 
return home but. purchased a confiscated planta- 
tion in Florida. 

He remained in Florida until about fifteen 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



39 



years ago, when all trace of him was lost by his 
Monmouth and Oquawka friends. 



CAPT. W. S. McCLANAHAN '60. 



William Steel McClanahan, son of John and 
Margaret (Wright) McClanahan, was born Janu- 
ary 26, 1836, in Adams County, Ohio. Early in 
life he made a profession of his faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ as his Savior, probably in the As- 
sociate Reformed Congregation of Ripley, Ohio, 
where the family then resided. He also attend- 
ed an Academy for some time at Ripley. In the 
spring of 1855 he came with his father's family to 
Monmouth, Illinois. After spending a summer on 
the farm and teaching school for six months, He 
??.tered Monmouth College at its opening term, in 




CAPT. W. S. McCLANAHAN. 

September, 1856. Graduating from tills Institu- 
tion in June, I860 with his heart set on the min- 
istry, he entered the Theological Seminary at 
Monmouth. 

In the spring of 1861, when, the country was 
called to arms, he was among the first to respond, 
and enlisted at Monmouth on the 25th of May, 
1861, as Orderly Sergeant, Company F, 17th 
Regiment, Infantry, Illinois Volunteers, for three 
years. 

On September 3rd, 1862, he was promoted to 
be Second Lieutenant of Company F, same regi- 
ment. In the meantime his father and some of 
his brothers had entered the service. His father 
fell February 3, 1S63, in defense of Fort Donelson. 
He now felt it his duty to come home to his aged 
and widowed mother and sisters in their great 
grief and loneliness, and so resigned his commis- 
sion July 24th, 1S63. 

With his heart still upon the ministry, he again 
entered the Theological Seminary at Monmouth 
in the fall of 1863, and was licensed to preach 
March 31, 1864, by the Presbytery of Monmouth, 



and entered at once and heartily upon the work 
to which he had so long looked forward. But only 
for a little. Hjg country was still calling for men, 
and so on the 2nd of May, 1864, he again answer- 
ed her call and entered her service; this time as 
Captain of Company A, 138th Regiment, Infan- 
try, Illinois Volunteers, to serve for one hundred 
days; and was discharged Oclober 14th, 1864. 

Returning home once more he completed his 
Theological course, and on the 22nd of October, 
1865, was ordained to the Gospel Ministry. 

In speaking of his military service his old cap- 
tain, Josiah Moore, pays this glowing tribute to 
his soldierly qualities:" He bore a leading part 
in the front lines in the battles of Fredericktown, 
Missouri, Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and Vicks- 
burg; and in the meantime seldom missed one of 
the many marches and skirmishes that occurred 
almost daily. While I had charge of the right 
v.'ing of the regiment, he led the company deploy- 
ed with the regiment as skirmishers in the fearful 
charge on Vicksburg, May 22nd, 1863. And amid 
all these scenes of danger and bloody strife he 
tore the part of a true hero, inspiring all arounu 
1 i in to deeds of noblest daring." 

"While diiving the enemy from the battlefield 
cf Shiloh on the second day, our regiment had ad- 
vanced so far beyond the rest of our lines that 
we were ordered to halt, and "Mac" either falling 
to hear the order, or in his enthusiasm determin- 
ed to press the enemy to the wall, had charged 
out two or three rods ahead of the line, single 
handed and alone, till I had to send a comrade 
to bring him back." 

Braver man never drew sword in defense ot 
his country; and yet when the war was over he 
threw himself into the work of the ministry with 
something of the same loyalty, zeal, fidelity, and 
efficiency that had characterized his military ser- 
vice. His ministry was largely accomplished in 
four fields. The first was in Dayton, Ohio, 
where he served a congregation as stated supply 
for one year. Then coming West in 1866 he be- 
came pastor of the united charge of Grandview 
and Harrison. Here he was not only the pastor 
of two congregations, but also the principal of 
Grandview Academy. It was here too, that be 
met, and on April 23rd, 1868, married Miss Jen- 
nie Potter. To them were born eight children, 
six sons and two daughters. Two of them, a 
son and a daughter, died in childhood. The 
widowed mother and five sons and a daughter are 
still living. Two of the sons are successful phy- 
sicians, the daughter married a physician, and 
the youngest son is attending medical college. 
The other two sons followed their father's foot- 
steps into the ministry, and one of them is pastor 
of a church in Chicago, and the other a mission- 
ary in Cairo, Egypt. 

May 4th, 1871, the subject of this sketch was in- 



40 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



stalled pastor of the Congregation of Viola, 111.; 
and after a long and successful pastorate was re- 
luctantly released January 19, 1887. His last field 
of labor was Homestead Church. He entered up- 
on the work here with his old time faithfulness 
and enthusiasm, but only for a little while. Brok- 
en in health he continued to decline until June 
15th, 1888, the end came, and his spirit went 
home to God. 

"Servant of God, well done; 
Rest from thy loved employ; 
The battle fought, the victory won, 
Enter thy Master's joy." 

JOHN H. BROWN. 



REV. JOSIAH MOORE, '65. 



Captain Company F, 17th Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry. 

Rev. Josiah Moore was born near Balbybay, 
Ireland, September 18, 1S33, and was the third 




CAPT. JOSIAH MOORE. 

child of Charles and Hannah Moore of English 
and Scotch descent. 

In his infancy, his parents removed to Illi- 
nois and settled about 12 miles south of Galena. 
Mr. Moore received his early education in a 
school house built by his father on his own 
land. His college course began at Wesminster, 
Pennsylvania. In September, I860, he entered 
Monmouth College. He became at once a great 
favorite with all the students because of his fine 
personal appearance — he being the tallest and 
physically best developed young man In the col- 



lege — his charming manners and friendly dispo- 
sition. They gave him the sobriquet of "Old 
Saul," and he was the leader in all tiheir college 
sports. 

When, after the firing upon Sumter, the call 
came to Monmouth for volunteers, a meeting 
was speedily organized in the Court House, and 
enlistments invited. Mr. Moore and some class- 
mates were coming down the aisle on their way 
home from their recitations, when the announce- 
ment was made by the chairman of the meeting 
that they needed "but one more to complete the 
company." "I am one Moore," he shouted, as he 
pressed forward and signed his name to the mus- 
ter roll. The act thrilled the entire assemblage. 
A call for organization was immediately made, 
and, on the first vote, "one Moore" was elected 
unanimously Captain of the company. He re- 
ceived his commission as Captain April 20, 1861, 
and, in a. few days, left with his company for 
rendezvous at Peoria, Illinois, where his company 
became Company "P," 17th Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry. 

He held ihis position as Captain until mus- 
tered out with his regiment June 4, 1864, after 
having completed his enlistment. He coinmand- 
ed his company in the battles of Fredericktown, 
Missouri, Fort Donelson and Shiloh in Tennes- 
see, and in all the engagements preceding and 
connected with the sieges of Corinth and Vicks- 
burg; besides in many skirmishes. 

During some of the most severe engage- 
ments in these campaigns, Captain Moore com- 
manded the 17th Regiment and it was noted by 
every one who ever saw him under fire, that he 
was the personification of cool, unflinching and 
forceful courage; and as an example of a Chris- 
tian soldier, he was as near perfect as any man 
who went to the field during that great war. 

Returning to Monmouth, he took up his 
books where he had laid them down in April, 
1861. He graduated from college in 1865, and 
from the Theological Seminary in 1867. He ob- 
tained license to preach from the United Pres- 
byterian Presbytery of Monmouth in April, 1866. 
He finally decided to unite with the O. S. Pres- 
byterian Church and joined the Presbytery of 
Peoria in 1S67. 

He was married to Miss Jennie E. Lindsay, 
daughter of Honorable John T; Lindsay of Pe- 
oria, in 1864. His widow with two daughters and 
two sons survive him. 

He served Presbyterian churches, during his 
ministry, at Macon, Canton, Macomb, Woodhull 
and Kewanee, Illinois; and at Clinton, Missouri. 
He retired from the ministry in 1892 and settled 
in Lake Forest for the purpose of educating his 
children, but his health soon failed, and on Feb- 
ruary 9, 1897, he died, and was buried at Spring- 
dale Cemetery at Peoria. The funeral was con- 
ducted by his college and army friend, Rev. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



41 



Thomas Stephenson, the pall bearers being the 
survivors of his company of the 17th Illinois. At 
the time of .his death, he was Commander of the 
Lake Forest Grand Army Post, and State Chap- 
lain of the Grand Army of the Republic of the 
State of Illinois. His family and surviving com- 
rades rejoice in the legacy that he has left to 
them, of patriotism without spot; valor without 
blemish; and Christian character without stain. 



PROF. EDWARD F. REID. 



The life of Professor Edward F. Reid was 
full of contrasts, of lights and shadows. An or- 
phan from infancy, he never knew a mother's love 
or a father's care. He fought life's battle alone 
and on a foreign shore. An educator in his 
manhood, he forsook school in his youth, the sea 
was his home; the ship was his play house. The 
streets of Calcutta were as familiar to him as 
were the streets of Monmouth-. Educated at 
Queen's College, Belfast, he was a graduate ot 
Hanover, Indiana. He was an American by 
choice, not by chance. Born on a foreign soil, 
he fought with enthusiasm for the country of his 
adoption. A religionist by nature, he was at one 
time an avowed agnostic. A philosopher by dis- 
position, he was a teacher of Latin by professor. 
He was a great commander, but an unruly subor- 
dinate. Beloved by students, he could scarcely 
be called a harmonious member of a Faculty. An 
elder in the Church, he was also a member of the 
City Council. 

He was born at Kinross, Scotland, on Chris- 
mas day 1836, and came to America when he 
was twenty-two years of age. When the 
guns boomed at Sumter he was a Senior at 
Hanover. July 18, 1861, he enlisted. as a private 
in Company E, 3rd Indiana Cavalry whose service 
was with the army of the Potomac. He was with 
McClellan at South Mountain, and Antietam; 
with Burnside at Fredricksburg; with Hooker at 
Chancellorville. July 1, 1863, he was with 
Buford's cavalry that opened the great battle of 
Gettysburg. The entry in his diary July 1, 1863, 
i,s as follows: "Startled this morning by the re-' 
port of pickets that the rebs were advancing up 
the Chambersburg road. Saddled in a hurry and 
advanced toward the hills. I was detailed as a 
skirmisher under MajorLemon — driven back and 
joined the regiment just as Will Park was carried 
off the field. Moved backward and forward ovei 
the field between Gettysburg and the Seminary 
avoiding the exposure to shell with difficulty. At 
last our whole left was routed and we charged on 
the stone wall, corner of the Seminary building. 
We held it for a time against a whole rebel bri- 
gade of infantry" — but at last were forced back. 
Major Lemon mortally wounded. The enemy en- 
tered the town. Loss of the regiment 6 killed, "l'i 



wounded, 9 missing." "July 2. Heavy attack 
on left. Sickles had his leg shot off, Longstreet 
killed, (?) also General Barksdale of Mississippi. 
Rebels repulsed." 

"July 3, Rebels reported repulsed." 
Cavalry was needed in the West for the great 
campaigns of 1864. Regiments were organized 
that required experienced officers. February 20, 
1S64, private Reid was honorably discharged at 
Washington, D. C, in order that he might accept 
a commission of Second Lieutenant, Co. C, 13th 
Indiana Cavalry, then being organized at Indiana- 
polis. 

His rise in this regiment was rapid. In May 
he was promoted to First Lieutenant. In July 
he was appointed Acting Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the Second Brigade, Seventh Military Di- 
vision of Mississippi, in which capacity he serv- 
ed until mustered out of the service. In this po- 
sition many important military documents came 
into .his hands, some of which are still in posses- 
sion of his daughter. Not the least interesting 
among them is the demand of the celebrated Con- 
federate cavalry leader, General N. B. Forrest, in 
his own rugged hand-writing, for the surrender of 
Huntsville, Alabama. 

When Colonel Gilbert M. L. Johnson was 
promoted to be Brigadier General, he at once se- 
lected Lieutenant Reid as his chief of Staff. He 
thus served as Acting Assistant Adjutant General 
and Chief of Staff at the same time. 

In September, 1865, he was appointed Judge 
Advocate and presided over Courts-Martial held 
to punish violations of military orders so com- 
mon at the close of the war. 

The service of the 13th Indiana cavalry was 
strenuous and exciting. When Hood left Atlan- 
ta in September, 1864, for the invasion of Ten- 
nessee this regiment hovered on his flanks and 
beat back his front from Allatoona to Nashville. 
At Overall's Creek near Murfreesboro, December 
A, 1864, there was fought one of the bitter minor 
battles of the war. Lieutenant Reid was in this 
battle, and also in the battle on Wilkinson's Pike 
and in twelve skirmishes in the neighborhood of 
Murfreesboro. 

In the combined attack on Mobile, Alabama, 
in April, 1S65, by the army and the Navy, Lieu- 
tenant Reid was in command of the couriers bear- 
ing despatches between the two arms of the at- 
tacking forces On the same day that Lee surren- 
dered at Appomattox, he saw Fort Blakely fall 
and Mobile capitulate. 

He spent the summer of 1S65 at New Or- 
leans, where he was attached to the army under 
Sheridan, concentrated there to threaten the 
French who were invading Mexico. He was mus. 
tered out of service at Vicksburg, Mississippi, No- 
vember IS, 1S65, bearing the commission of Cap- 



42 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



tain, having given four and one half years of his 
life fighting in the defense of the country of his 
adoption. 

On his return from the army, with the assis- 
tance of Dr. Pollock, he organized a "Select 
School" for the study of the ancient and mod- 
ern languages at Wooster, Ohio. Schools of this 
kind were common in the West before the rise 
of Public High Schools. In 1868, he was elect- 
ed to the chair of Latin in Ohio Central College, 
an institution at Iberia, in control of the United 
Presbyterian Church. Two years later he was 
chosen President. This position he occupied un- 
til 1874 when he was called to the chair of Latin 
and Hebrew in Monmouth College, a position he 
held until his death in 1889. 



CAPTAIN CHARLES B. SIMPSON, '63. 



Charles B. Simpson, son of Jason and Eliza- 
beth Simpson was born in Bangor, Me., August 3, 
1839. He came to Oquawka in 1859 and immed- 
iately entered Monmouth College where he re- 
mained one year. 

The fall of Fort Sumter aroused his patriot- 
ism. Three days later he was on his way to 
Quincy to offer himself in defense of his coun- 
try. He enlisted in the Tenth Illinois Infantry 
and was appointed Second Sergeant in Company 
D. When his term of service expired and the 
regiment was reorganized at Cairo for the three 
years service he re-enlisted receiving the same 




CAPT. C. B. SIMPSON. 
Co. F, 10th Illinois Infantry. 

rank in Company F. In January 1864, on the 
occasion of his re-enlistment as a veteran he was 
promoted to Sergeant Major of the regiment, in 
September of the same year he was again pro- 
moted being commissioned First Lieutenant of Co. 
F. When Major Wilson of the class of 1860 was 
discharged from this regiment on account of 



wounds, the Captain of Co. F became Major and 
Lieutenant Simpson was promoted to his place. 
At the close of the war he was honorably mus- 
tered out at Chicago July 4, 1865, as Brevet Ma- 
jor, having given over four years of his life to 
his country's service in the hour of her dire need. 
He was present with his regiment during the en- 
tire service and participated in the battles of Bel- 
mont, Sykestown, New Madrid, Island No. 10, Cor- 
inth, Farmington, Mission Ridge, Buzzard's 
Roost, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta and 
"from Atlanta to the Sea." He assisted in the 
capture of Savannah, and on the northward march 
through the Carolinas fought at River's Bridge, 
South Edisto, and Bentonville. He was present 
at the surrender of General Johnston at Golds- 
boro, and marched down Pennsylvania Avenut. 
in the Grand Review in Washington. 

In September, 1865, he located at Brookfield, 
Missouri, engaging in the drug and grocery busi- 
ness. For twenty-seven years he was an hon- 
orable and successful merchant. February 27, 
1897, he passed within "that low green tent whose 
curtain never outward swings." 

He was a Republican in politics, a Congrega- 
tionalist in religion, a Mason in fraternal orders. 
He held the office of City Clerk, and was Com- 
mander of the O. H. Wood Post of Brookfield. 
He left an honorable name and a fine memory. 
His widow and children survive him respected 
and esteemed by all who know them. 

"Sleep, 

Now that the charge is won, 

Sleep in the narrow clod; 

Now it is set of sun, 

Sleep till the trump of God. 

Sleep." 



CAPTAIN ROBERT R. WALLACE, '61. 



Robert R. Wallace of Fairview, Ohio, enter- 
ed the Sophomore class of Monmouth College in 
the fall of 1858 and was graduated in the class- 
ical course in 1861. 

In January, 1862, he enlisted in Co. K, 74th 
Ohio Infantry, in which he served as a non-eoru- 
missioned officer. He was in the army of the 
Cumberland under Rosecranz, Thomas, ana 
Sherman, and took part in all the campaigns, 
marches, skirmishes, and battles from Nashville 
to Jonesboro. He was at Stone River, Chicka- 
niauga. Missionary Ridge, and the great battles 
of the Atlanta campaign which gave our armies 
possession of this gate way to the South. 

In the autumn of 1S64, he was discharged for 
promotion and commissioned Captain of Co. C. 
9th United States Colored heavy artillery. In 
this capacitjr he took part in the seige and bat- 
tle of Nashville. Much of the time he -was in 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



43 



command of the regiment until it was disbanded 
under general orders for the reduction of the 
army and his men were mustered out of service 
or transferred to other commands in September, 
1865. He was then transferred to the 
Eighty-eighth United States Colored Infantry, 
and on reporting for duty was placed in com- 
mand of the regiment as the ranking Captain 
and so continued until mustered out of service 
ill February, 1S66, when he returned to civil life 
and civil pursuits.- 

He was soon admitted to the bar and began 




R. R. WALLACE. 
Pontiac, Illinois. 

the practice of law at Pontiac, Livingston Coun- 
ty, Illinois, in 1867. He held the office of Coun- 
ty Judge from 1873 to 1S94 continuously ana 
since then has continued the practice of his 
profession at Pontiac. His is an honorable re- 
cord in both military and civil affairs. From 
lives like this old Monmouth's "grandeur springs, 
that makes her loved at home revered abroad.'' 



CAPTAIN JOHN B. WORRELL. 



John Brainerd Worrell was in College during 
the years 1858 and 1859. He was a good student 
and highly esteemed by the Faculty and students. 
He belonged to that large body of Scotch Irish 
people who came from Pennsylvania into West- 
ern Illinois about the middle of the last century. 

He was born August 7. 1S38 in Penna. ana 
migrated with his parents to Hancock County 
Illinois, in 1851. 

In August, 1S62, he enlisted in Company D 
7Sth Illinois Infantry and was elected First Lieu- 
tenant on the organization of the Company. The 
first service of this regiment was in Kentucky 
fighting the celebrated raider John Morgan. He 
was with his regiment February 3, 1863, when 
it came to the relief of General Harding and his 



gallant Eighty-third who were making such a he- 
roic defense against the combined forces of 
Wheeler and Forest. 

In May 1863, he was present and took part 
in a greater or less degree, in the capture, courc- 
martial, sentence and execution of Colonel Will- 
iam Orton Williams and Adjutant Walter G. 
Peters, two young Confederate officers who had 
entered the Union lines as spies at Franklin, Ten- 
nessee. They were cousins and descendents of 
Martha Washington. Colonel Williams was the 
fiance of Agnes Lee, daughter of General Robert 
E. Lee. She died shortly after, probably of a 
broken heart. 

Lieutenant Worrell was with Gordon Granger 
September 20, 1862, who without orders march- 
ed from Rossville to succor General Thomas sore 
pressed at Chickamauga. He followed the la- 
mented Steedman with the flag around his body 
in that glorious charge that saved the Army ot 
the Cumberland from defeat and rout. 

He was in the Atlanta campaign from first 
to last taking part in the disastrous attack upon 
Kenesaw Mountain and in the bloody assault of 
the Confederate intrenchments at Jonesboro. 
Here Captain Black was killed and Lieutenant 
Worrell was promoted to Captain, and as such 
went with Sherman to the Sea, making possible 
the presentation of the City of Savannah, to 
President Lincoln as a Christmas gift. He fought 
at Bentonville and was with his regiment when 
it marched down Pennsylvania Avenue in the 
Grand Review before the President of the Unit- 
ed States. 

He was a man of fine physical proportions 




CAPT. JOHN BRAINARD WORRELL. 

and commanding appearance. He was daring and 
cool in battle and his presence inspiring. His hear- 
ty laugh and cheerful words brought courage to 
many a despondent soldier. 

He was mustered out June 7, 1865 at Chicago, 



44 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



and returned home to take up the business of 
farming, which he had put aside three years be- 
fore. He died at Chili, Illinois, October 14, 1870, 
lamented and esteemed by all who knew him. 



LIEUT. ROBERT STUART FINLEY. 



Class of 1859. 

A few of the chief events in the military his- 
tory of Lieutenant R. S. Finley are given.. They 
are typical. Many Monmouth boys in different 
regiments have a similar history. 

August 24, 1861, enlisted at Sunbeam in Com- 
pany A, 30th Illinois Infantry. 

August 29, 1861, mustered into the U. S. Ser- 
vice at Springfield and appointed Corporal. 




R. S. FINLEY. 

September 1, moved to Cairo, Illinois and at- 
tached to Gen. Grant's brigade. 

November 7 engaged in the battle of Bel- 
mont. 

February 4, 1862, assisted in the taking of 
Fort Henry. 

February 14-16, assisted in the srege ana cap- 
ture of Fort Donelson. 

May and June, 1862, in the siege of Corinth. 

September i, 1862, in the battle of Medan 
Station. 

February 22, 1863, entered upon the Vicks- 
burg campaign. 

May 12, 1863, in the battle of Raymond. 

May 16, 1863, in the battle of Champion Hills. 

May and June, 1863, in the siege of Vicks- 
burg. 

January 1, 1864, re-enlisted as a veteran and 
promoted to Quarter-Master Sergeant. 

March 5, 1864, returned home on veteran 
furlough. 

April 18, 1864, returned to the army. 

July 20, 1864, in the battle of Peach Tree 
Creek. 



July 22, 1864, in the battle of Atlanta. Reg- 
iment lost heavily. 

August 19, 1864, in the battle of Jonesboro. 

November 15, 1864, started with Sherman to 
the Sea. 

December 21, assisted in the capture of Sa- 
vannah. 

April 29, Promoted to First Lieutenant and 
began the northward march through Richmond to 
Washington. 

May 24, took part in the Grand Review. 

July 17, 1865, mustered out of service ax 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

July 20, 1865, discharged at Springfield, Illi- 
nois. 

Lieutenant Finley was born in Adams County, 
Ohio, October 16, 1838, and came to Mercer Coun- 
ts, Illinois, in 1854. He began teaching school in 
Washington, la., when only 16 years of age. 
When Monmouth College first opened in 1856, 
he enrolled as a student and was graduated with 
the honors of valedictorian in 1859, being a mem- 
ber of the second class to graduate from the in- 
stitution. He was Principal of the Seminary in 
North Liberty. Iowa, in 1860, and in 1861, at the 
breaking out of the Rebellion, 'he was a student 
of theology in the Seminary at Monmouth. On 
his return from the Army he resumed the study 
of theology at Monmouth, and was graduated in 
1S67. He died January 26, 1868, leaving a wife 
and a child only a few days old. 

He made a large contribution to the cause 
of his country, and had his noble life been spar- 
ed, he would have made even a larger contribu- 
tion to the cause of humanity. 



LIEUTENANT JOHN A. PORTER, '62. 



Completing the studies of his Sophomore 
year, John A. Porter enlisted for the defense of 
his country, August 1, 1861. With other young 
men, he marched from the court house at Mon- 
mouth to Young America, now Kirkwood, where 
they took the oath to defend the flag. The com- 
pany was sent to Aurora, Illinois, and was there 
mustered in for a term of three years's service as 
Co. C, of the 36th Illinois Inrantry, "The Fox 
River Regiment." 

All through the war this regiment was in ac- 
tive campaigning through nearly all the states of 
the Confederacy. It took part in more than thir- 
ty severe battles and in skirmishes and small 
engagements almost without number. Its ranks 
were more than cut in half by the bullets of the 
enemy but its record for gallantry has ever been 
a source of pride to the survivors and their de- 
scendants. 

Mr. Porter was made a sergeant when the 
company was mustered into service; promoted to 
First Sergeant, March 12 1863; re-enlisted for an- 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



45 



other three years, January 1, 1S64, and was pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, March ]3, 1865. He 
was in command of the company for many 
months. He was mustered out and honorably dis- 
charged from the service, with the company, Oc- 
tober 8, 1865, at New Orleans, as a First Lieuten- 
ant. 

Twice Mr. Porter was wounded. At the bat- 
tle of Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864, his skull was 
fractured by an exploding shell. He was carried 
to the field hospital. The surgeons and com- 
rades had little hope for his life. However, his 
slrong constitution pulled him through and he 
was back on duty in a few weeks, although it 
was nearly six months before he recovered his 
speech. He was wounded in the battle near 
Nashville, Tenn., December 16, 1S64, his left thigh 
being broken by a rebel bullet. 

John A. Porter was born October 6, 183S at 
Tiqua, Ohio, being a son of Rev. James C. Por- 
ter, whose efforts were largely responsible for 
the establishment of Monmouth College. He was 
one of the first students of the college and his 
ambitions were all to follow the steps of his fath- 
er grandfather, and other ancestors, in the min- 
istry, but his disabilities due to his army ser- 
vice prevented the completion of his college 
course. He .devoted his life to teaching and his 
work was finished January 4, l'.)04, death being a 
result of the wound received at Resaca. 



LIEUT. JOHN SUTHERLAND WINBIGLER, '65. 

(By Professor J. C. Hutchinson.) 

The subject of this sketch was born in Sulli- 
'van County, Indiana, September 3, 1841, and 
spent his boyhood on a farm on the banks of the 
Wabash, helping his father at work or following 
his footsteps in the hunt of the squirrel or the 
deer in that thickly wooded region until his 18th 
year, when the family moved to Warren County, 
Illinois and setled on a farm in Spring Grove 
Township. 

The writer new Mr. Winbigler during two 
years of his boyhood in Indiana and through his 
college course and while in the army, and was 
intimate with him through his life, except the 
last seven years. He always knew him as "u 
manly man, kind and tender hearted in his home 
and loyal to his friends and bis country, and, 
with pleasure, tenders this record of his war 
days and is proud to have claimed him as a 
kinsman and friend. 

Mr. Winbigler entered college in the fall of 
1859, as a Junior preparatory, and when a Fresh- 
man enlisted in the army in Company "I" 59th 
Illinois Infantry, at Quincy, October 22, 1861, his 
enlistment dating from September 16th. 

His regiment was in camp at Chillicothe and 



St. Joseph, Missouri, until January, 1862, when 
they joined General Grant's Army at Cairo, Illi- 
nois. From Cairo the army proceeded to Smith- 
ville, Ky., thence to Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson. 
Winbigler was under fire for the first time at 
Ft. Henry and in battle for three days at Ft. Don- 
elson, February 13, 14 and 15, 1862, the fort be- 
ing captured February 15th. He was in the cele- 
brated battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing April 
6th and 7th, 1862, and escaped with his hat being 
shot from his head; was in the siege of Corlntn 
the following May and was struck by a spent ball. 
The army remained in the vicinity of Cor- 
inth till October, 1S62, and captured the place. 
Mr. Winbigler escaped unhurt, and proceeded with 
his regiment to Middle Tennessee where he re- 
enlisted at Lynnville January 1, 1864. for three 
years or during the War, his first enlistment hav- 
ing expired. Obtaining a thirty days furlough, he 
c;ime home January 25th and returned February 
25th to his regiment at Quincy, and from there to 
Lynnville, Tennessee, and was with General Sher- 
man in his celebrated "from Atlanta to the Sea'- 
campaign. He was in a skirmish at Snake Creek 
Cap and Ostanaula River and in the Battle of Al- 
toona Pass October 5, 1864, and with Sherman 
from Atlanta to Savannah. From Savannh to 
Goldsboro, N. C, and from Goldsboro to General 
Johnston's surrender at Durham. N. C, and from 
Durham to Richmond, Virginia, and in the Grand 
Review of the Union Army Soldiers at Washing- 
ton, D. C, May, 1865. He was discharged from 
the service at Louisville, Ky., and Springfield Illi- 
nois, 'July 14, 1S65, as First Lieutenant with the 
splendid record of nine battles, viz: Fort Henry, 
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Bears Creek, Miss., Siege 
of Corinth, Battle of Corinth, Snake Creek Gap, 
Ostanaula River, Altoona Pass and Bentonville, N. 
C, and was honored with the following promo- 
tions: Enlisted as private, promoted Corporal. 
Fourth Sergeant, First Lieutenant, and muster- 
ed out of the United States Service July 13, 1865. 
When he returned from the war he engaged 
in farming and continued in that occupation until 
his death, December 30, 1897. 



********************************** 
* FVTRA COPIES. | 

* 

* 
* 
* 
* 

* 

* 

* 
* 
* 

* 



EXTRA COPIES. 

Extra copies of this memorial 
number may be secured for twenty- 
five cents each. Address the office 
of Monmouth College. 
********************************** 



46 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



L!EUT. ROBERT STEWART McCLENAHAN, 74. 



When the civil war broke out the patriotic 
family of Robert and Nancy McClenahan was liv- 
ing on a rocky farm near Fairview, in Guernsey 
County, Ohio. When the news of the awful disas- 
ter of Bull Run swept over the country, four sons 
of this family — two of them Alumni of Monmouth 
College — took up arms in the defense of the 
X T nion. Three of them became commissioned of- 
ficers, and all of them carried through their lives 
the scars of Confederate bullets. 

The 15th Ohio had the honor of carrying on 
its rolls the names of the four brothers of this 
illustrious family. The older, John M. McClena- 
han, for several years a business man in Mon- 
mouth and occasionally a substitute teacher in tl.u 
College, became the Colonel of the regiment. J. 
X T rey McClenahan '66 was the Quarter Master and 




LIEUT. ROBERT STEWART McCLANAHAN. 
Co. B, 15th Ohio Infantry. 

Robert Stewart McClenahan '74 the First Lieuten- 
ant of Company Br 

Lieutenant McClenahan was mustered into 
the service as a private in September 1861, and mus- 
tered out in December 1865, having devoted four 
and one-third years of his life to active military 
duty in behalf of his country. He was with Buell 
at Shiloh; with McCook at Stone River; with 
Wood at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge. 

"The approach^ of the Army crossing the val- 
ley from Orchard Knob to the foot of Missionary 
Ridge was the grandest sight I saw during the 
war. Fifty thousand men, the whole Army of the 
Cumberland, and Hooker's Corps on the right and 
Howard's Corps, on the left in line of battle with 
the line of reserves in columns behind, all plain- 
ly in sight at one time, each regiment, slightly 
V shaped with the colors at the apex, the enemy's 
cannon firing over our heads from the ridge above 
us and the heavy guns of Fort Wood firing over 
our army at the enemy above. Soon as the battle 



line arrived we (the skirmishers) went forward, 
on, up the rocky steep. The enemy abandoned 
their works and we captured the ridge after de- 
termined and hard fighting." — Extract from a 
letter from Colonel John McClenahan. 

Lieutenant McClenahan was in the battles 
of Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Pickett's Mills, Pine 
Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, 
Atlanta, Lovejoy Station, the Siege of Atlanta, and 
Nashville. He was wounded no less than four 
times. Once in the back with a spent ball. A 
portion of his right ear was shot away, and <m 
another occasion the crown of his hat was car- 
ried away by an enemy's bullet. At the battle 
of Nashville he was severely wounded in the right 
arm, for which he afterward received a pension. 
He was fearless in battle "for he believed that his 
life was immortal until his work was done." 

He entered Monmouth College in 1871 and 
was graduated in 1874. He was licensed to the 
holy ministry in 1S76 and one year later accepted 
a call to Arkansas City, Kansas. Here in May 
1879, he was married to Martha Thompson, the 
daughter of Rev. David Thompson. He was ac- 
tive in the ministry for many years preaching in 
Ohio and Nebraska. When age and wounds ren- 
dered him unfit for active service ne retired to 
Monmouth, Illinois, to educate his children. Here 
he died August 14, 1895, and was laid to rest in 
the beautiful cemetery of that place. His motto 
was: "The safest place on earth is in the path 
of duty." 



LIEUT. MATTHEW HENRY JAMIESON. '60. 



When the College opened in September 1S56, 
one of the first students to enroll was Matthew 
Henry J.amison. He continued in school regular- 
ly until the middle of the Senior year when he 
dropped out, and his name is not found in the 
list of the Alumni. He was born in Oquawka. 
September 10, 1840. He was the son of William 
and Margart Giles Jamison. The name they gave 
their child reveals much of their religious beliefs. 

Fort Sumter fell on Sunday, April 14, 1S61. 
Monday morning, President Lincoln issued a call 
for 75,000 troops. Tuesday, Governor Yates is- 
sued a General Order for the enlistment of six 
regiments of Illinois troops. Wednesday, Apri 
17th, Matthew Henry Jamison, his foster brother 
William James, Samuel J. Wilson, and Charles B. 
Simpson, all college boys living in Oquawka, were 
on their way to Quincy to offer their services in 
defense of the Union. They enlisted in Company 
D. Tenth Illinois Infantry, three months service, 
and were among the first four companies to 
arrive in Springfield in response to the Presi- 
dent's and the Governor's calls. They proceeded 
at once to Cairo reaching there the 22nd, -where 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



47 



they were mustered into the United States ser- 
vice April 29. They remained at Cairo doing gar- 
rison duty for three months, when they were 
mustered out by reason of the expiration of their 
term of service. 

On the reorganization of the regiment for the 
three years' service Henry Jamison, as he was 
commonly called, re-enlisted August 30, 1S61, and 
was appointed Orderly Sergeant of Company E 
of this regiment. After serving three years in 
this capacity, he re-enlisted as a veteran and was 
commissioned Second Lieutenant of the Company. 
He took part in all the skirmishes, battles, 
marches, and sieges of the regiment. He was. 
en the Atlanta campaign, went with Sherman to 
the Sea, saw the capital of South Carolina burn, 
was present at the surrender of General Johnston, 
and took part in the Grand Review at Washing- 
ton. He was mustered out July 4, 1S65, at Chica- 
go. 

On his return to Oquawka he became a news- 
paper man being Editor of the Oquawka Enter- 
prise. He later moved to Kansas City and be- 
enme a Commission Merchant in the Union Stock 
Yards. The tide of business flowed against 
him and he returned to Kirkwood, Illinois, Whei-3 
he engaged in gardening for several years. He 
is now on a ranch in North Dakota. It was the 
patriotism, courage and endurance of such men 
as Henry Jamison that preserved our Union and 
trade us a united and prosperous nation. 

LIEUT. WILLIAM A. MITCHELL, '61. 



Wm. A. Mitchell when a child came to "War- 
ren County, Illinois, with his parents in October 
1S43, who settled near the ancient village of 'Den- 
ny. He attended the public schools and worked 
on the farm until 1859 when he entered Mon- 
mouth College and remained one year. 

On the first day of August, 1861, he enlisted 
in Company C. 36th Illinois Infantry, famous in 
history as the Fox River regiment. He served 
until January, 1864, when he re-enlisted as a vet- 
eran and was given a veteran's furlough. At the 
close of the war the regiment was sent to New 
Orleans to be near the scene of activities of 
Napoleon and Maximilian in Mexico. Here he 
was mustered out October 8, 1865, having served 
four years and two months in a regiment that 
did the most desperate and bloody fighting of 
any in the western army. Three days before he 
was discharged he was Commissioned Second 
Lieutenant, as a reward of his four years of faith- 
ful, and efficient service. 

No regiment in the west left behind it such 
a trail of blood as the 36th. Lieutenant Mitchell 
v. as with the regiment in no less than twenty-five 
pitched battles beginning with Pea Ridge and end. 



ing with Nashville. "Franklin", he says, "was 
the hardest battle I ever saw." 

Fourteen Monmouth College boys served In 
this regiment. Heed ye, while I recount the bat- 
tle story of their lives as well as of their death. 
William B. Giles was killed at Perryville, Ken- 
tucky. George R. Pollock sleeps in an unknown 
grave at Stone River, Nathaniel McCutcneon 
gave his life at Chickamauga. Robert J. Cald- 
well was sacrificed at Franklin, David Irvine 
gve the last full measure of demotion to his coun- 
tty at Nashville. George Nelson died in the hos- 
pital at Rienzi, Mississippi. William Gibson lost 
his right arm at Pea Ridge. Logue Dryden car. 
r:ed his arm in a sling while in college because it 
stopped a Confederate bullet at Chickamaugua. 
T. A. McConnell was discharged on account of 
a severe wound received at Perryville. John A. 
Porter was wounded twice, at Resaca and at 
Nashville. Samuel Paxton received a severe 




W. A. MITCHELL. 

wound as he followed Sheridan up the rocky 
heights of Mission Ridge. Frank McClanahan 
and Julius Wright both received wounds so ser- 
ious that they were discharged for disability. 
Only one of the fourteen escaped unhurt. This 
v. as Lieutenant Mitchell. He writes, "I have had 
many holes shot through my clothes, have been 
hit by spent balls, but not to hurt much." 

Few know that the modest, little man with 
silver hair and grizzled beard who served the 
people of Warren County so efficiently in the 
responsible position with which they once chose 
to honor him, and who daily still may be seen 
en the streets of Monmouth, once went "boldly 
and well into the jaws of death, into the mouth 
of hell," and came back unharmed. Let the af- 
fection and the reverence of a grateful people 
be his while he remains with us. 



48 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



LIUET. SAMUEL L. STEPHENSON, '62. 



LIEUT. JAMES O. ANDERSON. 



Samuel L. Stephenson was born near Sidney, 
Ohio, where he attended public and private 




LIEUT. SAMUEL L. STEPHENSON 
Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infantry. 

schools. In 1859, he moved with his father's fam- 
ily to Monmouth, Illinois, where he entered the 
Sophomore class of Monmouth College and was 
graduated June 27 1862. Three days later Pres- 
ident Lincoln issued his call for 300,000 troops. 
Mr. Stephenson joined with James S. Campbell, a 
graduate in the same class, and others in recruit- 
ing a company under this call, principally among 
the students of the college. No less than thirty- 
seven college bpys joined this regiment. Upon 
its organization, Mr. Stephenson was elected Sec- 
ond Lieutenant of Company C. This company 
was known as the "Students' Company" and was 
a part of the S3rd regiment, Illinois Infantry com- 
manded by Colonel A. C. Harding. 

Lieutenant Stephenson served with this regi- 
ment continuously in the western army until the 
close of the war. This service consisted princi- 
pally in guarding and keeping open important 
lines of communication in Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky and involving unremitting vigilance and 
some severe fighting. In one of these battles he 
received a bullet wound in the left shoulder. June 
26,1865, at Nashville, Tenn., he was honorably 
mustered out of the service with his regiment by 
reason of the close of the war. 

In 1869, he was appointed to a clerkship. in 
the Office of the Commissioner of Internal Rev- 
enue. His efficiency and integrity commanded 
the respect of the Department, and his promo- 
tions have been steady until he now holds the 
important position of Head of Division, Internal 
Revenue, Treasury Department. His rectitude, 
his efficiency, and his high sense of duty are 
alike valuable to the government and honorable 
to his friends, his city, and his Alma Mater. 



James Oscar Anderson was born in Hender- 
son County, Illinois, on a quarter section of land 
received by his grand-father as a bounty for ser- 
vices in the War of 1812. At the outbreak of the 
Civil War young Anderson, though under sixteen 
years of age, attempted to enlist, but was reject- 
ed unless he could secure his mother's consent. 
This she persistently refused to give. In 1864, 
when the 138th Illinois was organized for the 
one-hundred day service, he was a student in 
Monmouth College with ambitions for an appoint- 
ment to West Point. More than thirty of the 
College boys joined his regiment and among 
them was young Anderson. The chief military 
duty of this regiment was the keeping open the 
Iron Mountain railroad in Missouri in order that 
supplies might be taken to the armies farther 
south. He was mustered out of service at Camp 
Butler, Springfield, Illinois. 

March 13, 1865, he re-enlisted in Company H, 
28th Illinois Infantry (Consolidated) and was ap- 
pointed Orderly Sergeant. He immediately join- 
ed his regiment then besieging Mobile, Alabama. 
He took part in the capture of Spanish Fort and 
Fort Blakely and was present at the surrender of 
Mobile. After the close of the war he accompju 
ied his regiment to Texas where he was a part 
of the "Army of Observation" which compelled 




J. O. ANDERSON. 

the withdrawal of the army of Maximillian from 
Mexico. December 26,. 1865, while at Brownsville. 
Texas, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant. 
In March 1866, he was mustered out in Texas 
and at once returned home to engage in farming. 
He has served four terms as a member of the 
House of Representatives of the State Legislature 
and one term as Sergeant at Arms of the Senate. 
He organized a regiment for the Spanish Ameri- 
can war, but owing to its sudden closing failed 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



49 



to get into service. President McKinley twice 
sent him a commission as Captain in the volun- 
teer army in the Philippines which, owing to his 
wife's health, he was compelled (o decline. For 
twelve years he was a United States Revenue 
officer ferreting out violators of the Revenue 
law. At present he is Superintendent of the Illi- 
nois Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, at Quincy. 



QUARTER-MASTER JAMES U. McCLENAHAN, 
'66. 



James Urie McClenehan was one of Tour 
brothers, two of whom were Alumni of Monmouth 
College; i-who served in the gallant 15th Ohio. 

He was born near Pairview, Guernsey Coun- 
ty, Ohio, August 15, 1836, being the third child of 
Robert and Nancy Stewart McClenahan. After 
alternate work and study in the country School, 
he entered Madison College, Antrim, Ohio, in nis 
eighteenth year, teaching in winter and attending 




.1. P. McCLANAHAN. 

college in summer. In 1861, he entered Mon- 
mouth College as a Junior, and the Theological 
Seminary as a first year student. The latter in- 
situation was located in, Monmouth at that time. 

During his vacation in 1862, he enlisted in 
Company B, 15th Ohio Infantry. Soon after join- 
ing the regiment at Louisville he was promoted 
to a Lieutenancy, later he was made Assistant 
Quarter-Master and still later was promoted to 
Quarter-Master. He participated in all the 
inarches, sieges, and camp life of the army of the 
Cumberland. A Quarter-Master is not supposed 
to be on the firing line in time of battle: but this 
Quarter-Master received a wound more or less 
severe while at the front during the siege of At- 
lanta. At the close of the war he was honorably 
mustered out of the service. 

In September 1865, he re-entered the Col- 
lege and the Seminary at Monmouth and was 



graduated from the College in 1866 and from the 
Seminary in 1867. 

His first pastoral charge was at Wyoming, 
Iowa, from May, 186!), to October 1872. He served 
at Davenport, Iowa, from May 1873, to October 
1874; at Winterset, Iowa, from October '74 to 
September '77; and at Olathe, Kansas, from April 
'78 until his death, October 12, 1879, the result of 
army exposure at Chattanooga, and of the hard- 
ships of the Chicamauga campaign. 

October 1, 1867, Rev. McClenahan was mar- 
ried to Margaret A. Lorimer of Morning Sun, 
Iowa. Their children are William L. McClenahan 
of the Alexandria Egyptian Mission, Robert S. 
McClenahan, Assuit College. Egypt, John W. Mc- 
Clenahan, pastor, Gary, Indiana, Frances Mc- 
Clenahan, a teacher in Tarkio College, and 
Charles I. McClenahan who died in Olathe in 1879. 

He served his country faithfully and his Mas- 
ter fervently, and left behind him a family of 
Children all earnestly engaged in the great work 
he loved so well. 



ADJUTANT JOHN W. GREEN, '62. 

At the opening of the Fall term in 1858, John 
W. Green came from his home in Davenport, 
Iowa, and entered the Freshman Class of Mon- 
mouth College joining the Eccritean Society. He 
remained in steady attendance until the close oi 
the College year in 1862, when he was graduated. 
H was one of the most gifted orators ever sent 
from the College. In 1860, he represented his So- 
ciety in oration in the Annual Contest, his theme 
being "Mind and its Allies." He was pitted 
against Clark Kendall who was afterward killed 
at Donelson. 

Shortly after his graduation, he returned to 
Monmouth and enlisted in Company C, 83rd Illi- 
nois Infantry, and was appointed Corporal on the 
organization of his Company, and immediately 
promoted to Sergeant Major of the regiment. 
September 1, 1864, he was promoted to Adjutant 
and in this capacity served until mustered out ot 
service by reason of the close of the war. . He was 
present and took part in all the battles, marcaes, 
camp and field activities of his heroic regiment. 
He was an excellent officer and left a fine mili- 
tary record. 

He studied law and entered upon its practice 
in his home city of Davenport, where he soon 
took high rank at the bar. He was an eloquent 
speaker, and was in constant demand for public 
addresses on great occasions. For several years 
he was Collector of Internal Revenue at Daven- 
port. He died February 9, 1905. 



Extra. Copies of this Memorial Num- 
ber may be secured for 25c ea.ch. Ad- 
dress the office Monmouth Collegee 



50 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



ALEXANDER CASKEY. 



Corporal, Co. C, 83d Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 
Adjutant, 101st U. S. C. Inf. 

1841 

Wigtownshire, Scotland, 

A 'happy childhood 

"Among the bonnie blooniin' heather." 

184S 

Southern Indiana, 

A studious boyhood. 

1856 

An arduous apprenticeship. 

1S60 

Under the benign influence of Monmouth College 

and that now glorified saint — Dr. Wallace. 

1862 

—ARMY— 

S3d Ills. Vol. Inf. and 101st V. S. C. Inr. 

1865 
Indiana: Ohio: Pennsylvania: California 




ADJUTANT ALEXANDER CASKEV 
101st U. S. Colored Troops. 

(Like the New Englander who was born at Cape 
Cod and all along the shore.) 
With few and brief interruptions. 
—AT WORK— 
Not eminent work, as dreamed of in my youth, yet 
useful:— made glorious by love for it and de- 
votion to it. 

1911 
Summa Summarum. — 
70 strenuous years — brightened with many 
blessings and a few joyous victories; shaded with 
many sorrows and some sore defeats. 

Ad finem, — 
I'll "still wait on God and work and strive" — 



till "the night cometh" — when the "taps" sound; 
indulging the tremulous hope that when- the eter- 
nal day breaks upon my clearer vision, I shall 
see in His beauty the King whom I serve, and 
.'hat my quickened ears shall hear Him say 

"Well done, good and faithful servant, 
Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 



JAMES ALEXANDER GRIER, '72. A. M., D. D., 
L. L. D. 



The subject of this sketch was born May s, 
1846. His parents were Robert C. Grier, a native 
of Ireland; his mother's name was Margaret Mc- 
Ayeal, a native American. 

The family were living at the time of his 
birth at Walts Mills, Westmoreland County, 
Pennsylvania. In ; his ninth /ear the family re- 
moved to a farm near Bloomington, 111., remain- 
ing there until the third year of the war, and 
then removing again to a farm near Monmouth, 
where he found them when mustered out of the 
Army. 

When the war broke out almost every youth 
in the land was seized by the patriotic spirit and 
the love of adventure. The excitement swept like 
a blaze of fire over all the North, and men crowd- 
ed to places of enlistment in great armies, many 
boys also, too young according to law, obtained 
entrance to the ranks. Mr. Grier, among others, 
enlisted in Company C of the Thirty-third Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry August 22, 1861, at an age far 
below the standard, probably the youngest mem- 
ber of tiie regiment. He re ■enl'Rf^r' for the war 
in December, 1863, remaining until about the mid- 
dle of December, 1S65, when, with the regiment, 
he was mustered out; so that his term of ser- 
vice was about four years and four months. 

His parents and friends were greatly oppos- 
ed to his entering the Army, but finding him de- 
termined to go his parents gave him written per- 
mission to enlist. It was the wisest thing they 
could have done. His mother gave him her Bible, 
and his father some money and with many affec- 
tionate words bade him good bye and followed 
him with their prayers. Their letters were fre- 
quent, and were a potent factor in keeping the 
boy straight in morals and manliness. He was in 
all the engagements of the company with the ex- 
ception of one or two skirmishes. The most no- 
table battle was the one fought at Vicksburg, last- 
ing forty-seven days, which so fully marked the 
great generalship of that greatest of generals of 
all times, Gen. V. S. Grant. 

When the war was over and the boys had 
returned home, the question was, "What next?" 
Conscious of his ignorance he entered the local 
district school which required some grit, as he 
was placed with boys and girls in knee pants and 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



51 




cQt^hA^ 



short dresses. By his long service in the Army 
his mind had hecome an erased tablet, and most 
of the things learned before the war had been 
forgotton. However, by three or four weeks' ap- 
plication much came back, and not long after- 
wards he taught the school himself. He passed 
through the Academy and College, graduating in 
1S72. 

In choosing Theology for his profession, he 
passed through the Seminary at Newburgh, N. 
Y.. and was ordained pastor of Charlins Cross 
Roads Church in 1ST4. In 1883 became pastor of 
Second Church, Mercer. In 1886 became profes- 



sor of Systematic Theology in Allegheny Semi- 
nary, serving in that capacity for more than a 
score of years, and for a large section of that per- 
iod as President of the Faculty. 

Failure in health caused him to resign all 
work in the institution. The Board of Directors 
elected him Professor Emeritus of Systematic 
Theology in 1909. 

Dr. Grier has been a potent force in the Unit- 
ed Presbyterian Church, whose history can not 
he written without an account, of his great work. 
He was a private in the army of the Union, but 
a Commander-in-Chief in the army of the Lord. 



52 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



PRIVATE THOMAS HOWIE GAULT, '70. 



"THE FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE OF MON- 
MOUTH COLLEGE." 



Thomas H. Gault who represents the Synod 
of Illinois on the Board of Trustees of the College 
has an honorable war record having given three 
years of his youth to the service of his country in 
the time of her dire need. 

He was born in Colrain, Ireland, on the sec- 
ond day of August, 1842, and emigrated to Ameri- 
ca with his parents in 1847. A stop was made for 
a few years in Monroe Couunty, New York; but 
in 1852 the family moved to Wisconsin settling 
near the then small village of Waukesha. 

On the 15th day of August, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company B, 28th Wisconsin Infantry and began 
to learn the manual of arms. This regiment was 
employed principally during its three years of 
service in guarding and keeping open important 
lines of communication in Kentucky, Tennessee, 
Arkansas, and Louisiana, involving unremitting 
toil, vigilance and exposure and some hard fight- 
ing. On the ninth of April, 1865, while Lee was 
sin-rendering to Grant at Appomattox, the subject 
of this sketch was storming Spanish Port on Mo- 
bile Bay, the last Confederate stronghold on the 
coast. He was among the troops sent out by our 
government to Texas to watch the movements of 
Maximilian in Mexico He was enccamped for a 
time on the battle field of Palo Alto, where Gener- 
al Taylor nineteen years before won his renowned 
victory. Near here on August 23, 1865, he was 
honorably "mustered out of the service of the 
United States and had great joy at the prospect 
of going home, which we celebrated with bon- 
fires and the singing of "Home Again." 

In the Autumn of 1865, he entered the Pre- 
paratory Department of Monmouth College and 
was graduated in 1870. He studied law and en- 
tered upon its practice in Chicago, where his in- 
tegrity and efficiency have won the respect and 
esteem of the bar of that city. He is a member 
of the George H. Thomas Post of the Grand 
Army of the Republic — one of the largest Associ- 
ations of old soldiers in America. This Post has 
resolved to nominate him as a candidate for Com- 
mander of the Grand Army of Illnois at the com- 
ing encampment in June. 

May goodness and mercy follow him all the 
remaining days of his life. 



TO OLD M. C! 



The best old college in the land 

Monmouth! Old Monmouth! 

Thy loved walls shall ever stand 

Monmouth! Old Monmouth! 

By thy true paths and guiding light 

We in our steps are led aright 

And ever love the Red and White 

Monmouth! Old Monmouth! 

— Valentine. 



Mrs. J. B. Gray Writes About Her Experience. 

Mrs. J. B. Gray, who was a student at Mon- 
mouth College at the outbreak of the Civil War, 
and who in 1862 entered the service as an army 
nurse, writes the following letter, relating, in 
part, 'her experience in an armv hospital: 
Prairie City, Illinois, 

January 20, 1911. 



Dear Sir: 

It has been so long since these things hap- 
pened, you must not expect too much from an old 
lady seventy-seven years old. 

I was born in Greene County. Ohio, March 5, 
1834. My parents moved to Warren County, Illi- 
nois, in 1836, to a farm five miles west of Mon- 
mouth, where I remained until I was grown. When 
in my teens I attended Knox College for a term, 
I entered Monmouth College in I860, and attended 
two years. 

In September, 1862, I went to St. Louis, and 
entered Benton Barracks Hospital as an army 
nurse. Major McGugan was in charge. There 




MRS. CAROLINE POLLOCK GRAY. 

Assitant Nurse. Benton Barracks Hospital 
Assistant Nurse. 
Benton Barrack Hospital 1862-] 864. 

were only two lady nurses there at that time. 1 
was given charge of Ward 5, a small ward that 
would accommodate from fifty to seventy-five pa- 
tients. The ward also had four male nurses — 
two in the day time and two at night. We had 
every disease from fever to small pox. Some ot 
the soldiers were very patient; others were call- 
ing for their loved ones at home; while others 
thought they were still on the field of battle and 
were fighting their battles over again. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



53 



My duties were varied. Whatever was to be 
clone, that I did; but my special duty was to look 
after the soldiers' diet. Each patient had what- 
ever food suited his case the best. We had to 
have it on time. Every ward was supposed to 
have breakfast at six o'clock, dinner at twelve, 
and supper at six. We had quite a number of 
deaths in that ward ; but not so many for the num- 
ber of patients as occurred in some of the oth- 
er wards. 

Late in the Fall of 1S62, I was transferred to 
Ward C, in the Am phi tli eater which had been 
converted into a hospital. Major Russell was In 
charge. The amphitheater had six wards. Each 
ward had four men nurses and four women nurses 
for the day and men nurses at night. The wards • 
were divided into four divisions, giving one man 
and one woman the care of seventy-five patients 
from six to six. In those wards, we women, had 
all the medicine to give, look after the diet — on- 
ly we did not go to the kitchen, but sent our or- 
ders and the fcod came up in the elevator. We 
wrote letters for those soldiers who were unable 
to write, read to thern books, papers, and maga- 
zines, bathed their heads, and their feet if it were 
necessary, fixed their lemonade, eggnog, or any 
thing that the physician ordered to be done. What 
did the men do? They waited on the patients in 
a number of ways, mopped the floors, kept the 
fires going,, etc., etc. 

In the Spring I was transferred back to ward 
5, the work in Ward C being too heavy for me. 
There I remained until the hospital was broken 
up in the Winter of 1863, having served three en- 
listments of six months each. 

April 22, 1863, I was married to Jerome B. 
Gray, bugler of the Second Iowa Cavalry, at the 
First Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Mo. 

About my picture. I don't see how I can get 
one for you. There is no artist here. My hus- 
band is sick and I cannot go away to have one 
taken. I have not been away from home for 
three years. I should like to send you my picture, 
but it seems impossible. 

You will have to look over all mistakes. I 
have to write this a few minutes at a time. Prob- 
ably some things you would like that I have not 
got; but I am alone with him and can not do very 
much writing. Hoping that you may get some- 
thing out of this that may be a help to you, 1 
am, 

Very respectfully yours, 

MRS. J. B. GRAY. 



ANDREW RENWICK, '65. 



EXTRA COPIES. 



Extra copies of this memorial number 
may be secured for twenty-five cents each. 
Address the office of Monmouth .College.'! 



I hereby make confession as follows: 
BORN— October 11, 1842, on the Tippecanoe 
River, White County, Indiana, of good par- 
ents — James and Abigail Barnes Renwick. 
SCHOOLS — Struggled through the primitive 
Common School. 

Entered Monmouth, Sophomore, 1862. 
Graduated at Monmouth, Class of 1865, Sec- 
ond Honor, A. B. 

Graduated B. D., Xenia U. P. Theological 
Seminary, 1867. 
-MINISTRY— Ordained November 27, 1867, at La 
Fayette, Indiana, by Wabash Presbytery, 
United Presbyterian Church. 
Pastor ait LaFayette, Ind., 1867-1 S69. 

Olathe, Kansas, 1869-1874. 

South Henderson, 111., 1S75-188S. 

Alexis, 111., 1888-1 S94. 

South Omaha, Nebr., 1900-1908. 
SIDE LINES— Taught Common School, Idaville, 
Indiana, 1862. 

President Garnett College, Kansas, 1875. 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, John- 
son County, Kansas, 1875. 
Financial Agent, .Monmouth College, 1894 
1900. 
Secretary — Monmouth Ministerial Union. 

Omaha Ministerial Union. 

United Presbyterian Board of Education. 
Clerk — United Presbyterian Presbyteries of 

Garnett, Monmouth and Omaha. 

United Presbyterian Synods of Kansas and 

Illinois. 
Assistant Clerk of the United Presbyterian 

General Assemblies of 1S73, 1879, 1S84. 

In all at a Clerk's table more than seventy 

years. 
ARMY RECORD— Father an Abolitionist, but 
would not let his boy go into the Army. 
Enlisted May, 1864, Co. A, 138th Illinois In- 
fantry, and served with the regiment every 
day of its existence. 

Detailed as Clerk at Headquarters, Col. P. 
B. Plumb, Commanding Troops in Johnson 
County, Kansas, August and September. 
Mustered out, last of October, 1864. 
G. A. R.— Mustered in, 1890. 

Served as Commander, Post 694, G. A. R., Illi- 
nois, at Alexis, Illinois. 

Served as Commander, Post 2, G. A. R., Ne- 
braska, at South Omaha. 

Member of Department Commander's- Staff, 
State of Nebraska, G. A. R.. 1907-S. 
POLITICS— A Republican— First vote for Abra- 
ham Lincoln. 
ITEMS— Preached 4,180 Sermons; Delivered 
4830 Addresses; Received 548 Members into 
Church Communion; Officiated at 273 Bap- 



54 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



tisms and 135 Marriages; Preached 390 Fu- 
nerals. 
Gathered money fpr Monmouth College — 

To erect the Auditorium. 
To make its Second $100,000 Endowment 

Fund. 
Retired to his wife's farm, Gladstone, Illi- 
nois, August, 1008. 



LEVI MARLOWE. 



ABRAHAM W. MORRIS. 



Born January 23, 1842, died November 28, 
1904. 

Pastor" of the United Presbyterian church, 
South Argyle, N. Y., 1875-1889. 

Pastor at Greenwich, N. Y., 1889-1904, 

July 10, 1862, he enlisted in Company B, 6th 
Iowa Infantry. He was in the battle of Shiloh, 
the sieges of Corinth and Vicksburg, the Black 
River expedit'on, the charge on Jackson, and 
the battles of Missionary Ridge, Resaca and Dal- 
las, Ga. June 15, 1864, ihe was wounded at Ken- 
esaw Mountain, losing a limb. He was brought 
to the hospital at Keokuk, Iowa, where he re- 
mained nearly a year. He entered Monmouth 
College, September, 1865, and was graduated in 
1872. He studied theology at Newburg, New 
York, accepted a call to South Argyle, N. Y., and 
entered upon his work in July, 1875. For thirty 
years he labored in the same presbytery and 
sleeps in the beautiful Greenwich Cemetery, not 
far from the graves of many of his former par- 
ishioners. 

Upon the monument marking his grave are 
these words: "The eternal God is thy refuge and 
underneath are the everlasting arms." 



REV. RALPH E. WILKIN, '69. 

August 18, 1862, Ralph E. Wilkin enlisted as 
a private in Company A, 25th Iowa Infantry at 
Washington, Iowa, under Captain David J. Pal- 
mer, afterward Lieutenant Colonel of the regi- 
ment. He was mustered out July 17, 1865, by 
teason of the closing of the war, lacking but one 
month of serving three years. He was wounded 
in the battle of Arkansas Post, January .11, 1863, 
in the same engagement that Lieutenant James 
S. Patterson, of the class of '61, was killed. The 
two regiments were in the same brigade and 
both lost heavily in this battle. Mr. Wilkin was 
in both the campaigns against Vicksburg, and 
was on picket guard in front of the Union lines 
on the night before the surrender, which took 
place on the morning of July 4, 1863. 

He entered College in the fall of 1866 and 
was graduated with the Class of '69. He has an 
honorable record as a soldier under both the flag 
of his country and the banner of his Master. He 
is now pastor of the United Presbyterian Church 
in Starkville, Mississippi. 



Probably very few of the students who attend- 
ed Monmouth College in the late sixties and the 
early seventies knew that the black man who 
rang the bell, built the fires, kept the floors so 
spotlessly clean, and cared for our turkeys the day 
before Thanksgiving, was a hero of the Civil War. 

Levi Marlowe was born a slave in Kentucky, 
and brought by his master when a child to oui 
neighboring city, Canton, Illinois, where he was 
held in servitude until about 1860. The stirring 
events of that period warned his master that he 
could no longer hold slaves in Illinois with im- 
punity. So he sold his real estate, packed his 
household goods in wagons to return with his 
-slaves to Kentucky. 




LEVI MARLOWE. 
Co. B, 29th U. S. Colored Troops. 



A good friend told Marlowe that if he re- 
turned with his master to Kentucky he might 
abandon all hope of ever gaining his freedom. 
The night before the start south was made Mar- 
lowe lay awake in his cabin until he was certain 
that all the household were sound asleep, when 
he crept forth and went to the home of his abol- 
ition friend who carefully secreted him until all 
danger was past. 

When the government authorized the enlist- 
ment of colored troops, Marlowe went to Chica- 
go and joined the regular army. His regiment 
was sent east and attached to Burnside's corps 
of the army of the Potomac. He was in the siege 
of Petersburg and took part in the gallant but 
fruitless charge of colored troops into the "cratoi' 
after the explosion of the mine, July 29, 1864. 

While in the "crater" he was severely wound 
ed, but was carried out of that holocaust ol 
death by his comrades. Once he bared his bos- 
om to the writer and showed where the ball en- 
tered just above the left nipple. It passed entire- 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



55 



ly through his body, and was eventually the cause 

of his death. 

"He was a man, take for all in all, 

I shall not look upon his like again." 



JOHN M. CAMPBELL. 



John Marshall Campbell, another son of 
M ungo D., and Mary Ma ben Campbell, was born 
in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, August 
12, 1848, and located with his parents in Mon- 
mouth in 1866. He enlisted on the call of the 
President for troops for one hundred days Janu- 
ary 21, 1864, in Company "A," 138th Illinois Vol- 
unteer Infantry. The regiment was assigned to 
duty at Port Leavenworth, Kansas. At the ex- 
piration of the term of enlistment, the regiment 
returned to Springfield, Illinois, to be mustered 
out. At that time General Price of the Confeder- 
ate Army was making a raid into Missouri and 
threatening St. Louis. 

This regiment voluntarily extended its term 
olservice and was assigned to duty along the 
Iron Mountain Railroad guarding bridges. After 
Price was driven from Missouri, the regiment re- 
turned to Springfield, Illinois, and was mustered 
out October 14, 1S64. 

Campbell again enlisted March, 6, 1865, in 
Captain Gowdy's Company "H," 47th Regiment 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry "Consolidated" and 
was assigned to duty at Spanish Fort, one of the 
defences of Mobile, Alabama. After the surren 
der of Mobile, the regiment was assigned to the 
16th Corps and marched to Montgomery, Ala- 
bama, thence to Selma, Alabama, where, on the 
21st of January, 1866, it was mustered out and 
returned to Springfield, Illinois, where it receiv- 
ed final pay and discharge. 

John Marshall Campbell died June. 26,. 1908 
having made a good record as a soldier and cit- 
izen. 



REV. R. C. MATTHEWS, D. D. 



Member of the Board of Trustees. 

The Christian Commission was an organiza- 
tion of benevolent men for the purpose of "visit- 
ing hospitals, camps and battle fields for the in- 
struction, supply, encouragement and relief of 
the men of our army, according to their various 
circumstances." It was the Red Cross of the 
Civil War. 

In February, 1865, Dr. Matthews received the 
appointment of Field Delegate from this Commis- 
sion and immediately entered upon his work in 
the Army of the James, then lying in the trenches 
before Richmond. He had scarcely begun his 
work when his child "Robbie" was taken very 
sick. He came home but returned to his duties 
in the field shortly after the death of the child. 



Mis work consisted in distributing stores in 
hospitals and camp, in circulating good litera- 
ture among the soldiers, in writing letters for 
the sick and wounded, in giving information from 
the people and from home and in preaching. 
During the closing months of the war Dr. .Mat- 
thews was instant in season and out of season 
in every good work, mostly among nie colored 
troops of the Army of the James. The diary that 
he kept is still in possession of his family. A 
few extracts will be interesting. 

■ "March 30, 1865— Skeined 350 skeins ot 




It. C. MATTHEWS. 



thread. Last n.ght tremendous cannonade off 
to the left, flashes and shells visible — a heavy 
and almost continuous road— no word certainly 
from the fight yet. Peach blossoms and straw- 
berry blossoms out in full today. Attended meet- 
ing in the 115th. A good company out and an 
impressive service. 

"March 31 — Gave to Brother Baston !) copy 
books, 8 spellers, 3 cans of milk— to Chaplain 
Higginson 70 envelopes— to brother Moore % 
dozen pen holders — Skeined 250 skeins of thread. 

"April 2— Heavy fighting over on the Ber- 
muda Hundred's front, ominous of great success 
of our troops. Preached in the chapel tent of 
the 115th U. S. C. to a full house— good attention. 

"April 3 — Awakened by the cannonade and 
a tremendous explosion. Early in the day our 
cavalry scouts dashed through our lines and dis- 
covered that the rebels had evacuated. Our 
troops soon had possession and pushed on in pur- 
suit tnd took Richmond. I went over to the 
Rebel works and went through them with the 
troops — tremendous cannonade towards Rich- 
mond. Our troops were treated cordially by the 
citizens of Richmond. Can not tell where tne 
Rebels have gone. Richmond, or a part of it, is 
burning now. In the evening Mr. Williams came 
and scolded at a great rate about us Delegates 
going to Richmond. 

"April 4 — After breakfast and prayers, com- 



56 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



rnenced packing — went to Richmond. I rode five 
miles. Let a woman and boy take my place the 
balance of the way. It is eight miles. 

"April 7 — Assigning Delegates to Hospitals. 
A crowd of hungry applicants rushed in upon 
us, pleading piteously for something to eat. 
Over 1,900 persons supplied with food for one 
day. Such a scene I have never witnessed. In 
the evening the more respectable ladies, who 
were ashamed to come in the day time, came to 
ask for food. Took a telegram for Mr. Stuart to 
the office calling for $10,000 worth of flour." 

The following clipping from the Richmond 
Whig of April 19, will make clear the great 
work in which Dr. Matthews was engaged: 

The gentlemen who are associated in 
the United States Christian Commission on 
Monday issued to the needy of Richmond to 
meet their actual necessities ten thousand 
seven hundred and twenty-one rations of 
flour, beans, etc. Much credit is due the la- 
borious industry of Dr. R. C. Matthews and 
other gentlemen prominent in the enterprise. 



JOHN A. YOUNG, M. D. 



Member of the Board of Trustees. 
Dr. Young started for Cairo on Tuesday 
morning to aid in the care of our wounded. Sev- 
eral other citizens have also gone down and will 
render any aid in their power. 

Monmouth Atlas, February 21, 1862, after the 
battle of Fort Donelson. 



ROBERT M. HAZARD, *63. 



Robert Middlebrok Hazard was born at Fer- 
risburgh, Addison County, Vermont, December 1, 
1845. He came to Monmouth in August, 1860, 
and entered Monmouth College at the opening of 
the fall term, joining the Eccritean Literary So- 
ciety. In the autumn of 1861, he was a Junior in 
the Scientific Course. The sound of the bugle 
was music to his patriotic spirit. December 1, 
1861, on his sixteenth birthday, he enlisted in 
Company D, Bell's Cavalry, properly known as 
the 13th Illinois Cavalry, and was appointed first 
bugler. 

The service of this regiment during the spring 
and summer of 1862 was west of the Mississippi 
River and consisted in driving Price and Van 
Dorn out of Missouri and saving the State to 
the Union. Young Hazard was in the battle of 
Bloomfield, Missouri, where the Confederate Col- 
onel Phelan was captured. He was in the battfe 
of Red Bank, Arkansas, where he acquitted him- 
self with coolness and bravery, winning golden 
opinions from all. In this battle he was wound- 
ed in the right arm. 

While on a scouting expedition in southern 
Arkansas, he was taken sick. The regiment be- 



ing without tents, barracks, hospital or surgeon 
he suffered severely. He was removed to Mound 
City Hospital, where his uncle, Solon Burroughs, 
Esq., of Monmouth, found him greatly reduced. 
Mr. Burroughs attempted to bring him home, hut 
was only able to reach Peoria where he passed 
to that realm "Where the war drum beats no lon- 
ger, and battle flags are furled." His remains 
were brought to Monmouth, and followed by a 
large procession were deposited in the City Ceme- 
tery. 

The Eccritean Literary Society adopted touch- 
ing resolutions respecting his death, declaring that 
the "Society had been bereft of a useful and noble 
member, the College of a faithful and diligent 
student, and the country of a heroic and obedient 
soldier." 

REV. G. I. GORDON, '71. 

- Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Served one year and a half at last of the war. 

Went as a recruit from Freshman Class, 
Monmouth College, a mere lad, with President 
Wallace's blessing and his father's consent. 

Was in three campaigns, Red River, Mobile 
Bay and Mobile, as a private in Co. C, 77th Vol- 
unteer Infantry. Upon its muster out. July '65, 




CORPORAL GEO. I. GORDON. 

Co. C, 77th Illinois Infantry. 

was transferred at Mobile as Corporal with other 
recruits to Co. B, 130th Ills. Between campaigns 
camped at Baton Rouge summer and fall of '64, 
and in winter did provost and guard duty in New 
Orleans. 

Was discharged in August '65, at New Or- 
leans, reached home in Peoria Co., Sept. 1, eigh- 
teen mouths and one day from enlistment, the 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



57 



youngest in his company, if not in the regiment. 

Returned to Monmouth but not to re-enter 
College till spring of '68, graduating in 71. En- 
gaged in leaching for some time, chiefly in Mon- 
mouth, Ills., and Dayton, O., hel'ore entering the 
Theological Seminary and the active niinislry of 
the blessed gospel. 



BENJAMIN F. HILL. 



B. F. Hill lived in Wheeling, Virginia. He en- 
tered College in the fall of 1S60. When the 83rd 
Illinois Infantry was organized in August, 1862, 
he enlisted in Company C, known as the "Students 
Company." Shortly after the battle in the de 
fense of Fort Donelson, he was taken sick and 
died April 22„ 1863, at Paducah, Kentucky. 



LIEUTENANT AMOS HAMMOND DEAN. 



Member of the Board of Trustees. 

Rev. Amos H. Dean, D. D., was born in Al- 
bany, New York, June 16, 1843. He was a grad- 
uate of the Boy's Academy of Albany and also of 
Hamilton College in the class with Elihu Root. 

He enlisted as a private in Battery C, Third 
New York Light Artillery. He was quickly pro- 
moted to Sergeant, then to Quarter Master Ser- 
geant, and finally to Second Lieutenant in which 




LIEUT. AMOS H. DEAN. 
Battery C, 3rd New York Light Artillery. 

capacity he served until the close of the war. 
His service was mainly in North Carolina, in the 
neighborhood of Newborn. 

On his return from the army, he entered 
Union Theological Seminary in New York City. 
On the completion of his course he spent a year 
in travel visiting Europe and the Holy Land. His 
first pastorate was in the Sixth, Presbyterian 
Church of Albany, his second was in Joliet, Illi- 
nois, and his third in Monmouth, where he remain- 



ed until his health broke down afler twenty years 
of faithful service, tie died at Eureka Springs, 
Arkansas, and was buried al his old home In Al- 
bany. 

in L87.1, Dr. Dean married Sarah Treadwell, 
daughter of John C. Treadwell of Albany and a 
ch scendant of Governor Treadwell of Connecticut, 
of Revolutionary fame. 



A BRAVE DEED. 



James K. L. Duncan, a lad eighteen years ot 
ig'e, was a student in the Preparatory Department 




J. K. L. DUNCAN. 
(Seaman) U. S. S. Ft. Hinman. 

of the College in the Fall and Winter of 1S62 and 
'63. He was the son of Jonathan Duncan of Sun- 
beam, Illinois, who had been a Colonel in the 
War of 1812. In the Spring of 1863, the boy left 
college to join the United States Navy. He was 
assigned to duty on the U. S. S. Fort Hindman, an 
iron clad the sailors called it a tin-clad — gunboat 
in the Squadron of the Mississippi commanded by 
Admiral Porter. 

In February 1S64, this squadron moved up 
the Red River to cooperate with General Banks in 
his "Red River Expedition." On March 2, at 
Harrisonburg, Louisiana, the Fort Hindman came 
up to the enemy and was fired upon by a masked 
battery of twelve pound guns assisted by many 
sharp shooters. For a half hour a heavy rain 
of shot and shell poured upon the vessel raking 
it from stem to stern. The light armor was no 
more protection than a sheet of paper in a rain- 
storm. The screaming sheels, the zip of bullets as 



58 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



they came with deadly aim through the port 
tioles, the quivering steamer as the iron hail 
struck her poorly protected sides, the recoil of 
the heavy guns when discharged, the cries of tlie 
wounded and the stream of blood pouring over 
the deck made a scene that a veteran sailor might 
well shrink from. 

A gunner is placing a shell in the mouth of 
a cannon to be rammed home wnen, mortally 
wounded, he reels in agony to the floor. An ene- 
my's shell bursts near the muzzle of the gun set- 
ting fire to the "tie" of the cartridge in the mouth 
of the gun. A moment and the explosion »iu 
wreck the vessel and destroy the crew. Youug 
Duncan leaps into the jaws of death seizes the 
shell and hurls it into the air. It bursts, the con- 
cussion destroys the drum of his right ear; but 
the steamer and its valiant crew are saved. Ad- 
miral Porter publicly praised the young sailor, 
and the Secretary of the Navy bestowed upon 
him the highest gift in the power of the nation 
—the MEDAL OP HONOR. 

The letter of Hon. Gideon Wells, Secretary of 
the Navy, which came with the Medals of Honor 
commending his gallant conduct is still held in 
the family as a treasured possession. 



HISTORY OF THE 138th ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 



By Rev. Andrew Renwick. 

The One-hundred and thirty-eight Regiment 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp 
"Wood, Quiney, early in May, 1864; Col. John W. 
Goodwin of Pontiac, commanding. 

We were promptly drilled and fully equipped, 
and mustered into the service June 21st. The 
last to be mustered in of the 13 Illinois regiments 
under the call for "One hundred day men to re- 
lieve veterans from guard duty at our forts, ar- 
senals and elsewhere." 

Capt. W. S. McClanahan — formerly Second 
Lieut, of Company F, Seventeenth Illinois Infan- 
try, gathered the boys from Monrnouth for this 
legiment. Boys they were — only 3 out of the 119 
v.ere married men. One hundred and one of the 
boys were placed in Company A, 16. others were 
scattered into Companies B, C, and D, while Alex. 
H. Holt was sent to the Field Staff as Lieutenant 
Colonel, and DeLoyd Harding as Quarter Master 
Sergeant. 

In Company A of this One hundred and thir- 
ty-eighth Regiment Capt. W. S. McClanahan, First 
Lieutenant Guy Stapp, First Sergeant O. G. Giv- 
in, six other non-commissioned officers, and 33 
privates, who carried Enfield rifles, good stom- 
achs, and brave hearts — in all 42 men were Mon- 
mouth College students. Some were graduates 
and some were seniors who secured their degree 
in the field; others were lower class men who, 
when mustered out in October resumed their 



places in class and no tests or hard questions 
v.ere required of them. Good Alma Mater! 

On June 26th we were taken to Fort Leaven- 
worth to relieve that garrison that they might 
go with Sherman to the sea. The One hundred 
and thirty-eighth does not claim to have made 
the song-, but it furnished a few notes for "March 
ing through Georgia." 

Our Department Commander was Major Gen 
eral Curtis; Division Commander Brig. Gen. Thos 
A. Davis. Our Colonel, Goodwin, took command 
at the Fort. Our First Lieutenant, Guy Stapp be- 
came Post Adjutant, and when needed, our Cap 
tain, McClanahan, was President of the Court- 
Martial, and our College boys filled nearly all the 
clerkships at headquarters. Several of the Com- 
panies were shortly after sent out into Missouri 
and Kansas to defend the towns from rebels and 
guerrillas, and our Company A, with a company 
of Kansas Indian Cavalry, and a howitzer squad 
under our Sergeant, Charlie Stephenson, were 
sent to Olathe, Kansas, from about August 
1st to September 25th, and not a rebel dared to 
show up. Some forays, however, under Scouts 
Waterman and Cody ("Buffalo Bill") brought In 
a goodly number of guerrillas and those who har- 
bored them. 

About the last of September we w r ere seuv 
back to Fort Leavenworth, and the regiment was 
ordered to Camp Butler, Springfield, 111., for mus- 
ter out. Just then "The gallant Rosecrans was 
contending against fearful odds for the preserva- 
tion of St. Louis and the safety of Missouri" and 
our regiment was among the number that volun- 
tered to go to his help. We were therefore sent 
tc St. Louis, and out to Jefferson Barracks; and 
en a rainy morning we were loaded onto flat cai'b 
with orders: "If fired on, the train will stop, 
and you will dismount on the side next the ene- 
rgy." We were taken on the Iron Mountain Rail- 
road after old General Sterling Price. He didn't 
fire. He ran and burned a bridge on us about a 
hundred miles out. We camped there and guard- 
ed the workmen until the bridge was rebuilt. St. 
Louis was now safe, and we were sent back to 
Camp Butler, mustered out, and paid off. General 
Rosecrans had called us up in line, and in a fine 
speech thanked us for our St. Louis services, 
when we .were to be sent home. President Lin- 
coln sent personal letters to each of us thanking 
us for our valuable services to our country. Some 
of the boys have kept these letters to this clay, 
signed "A. Lincoln, President." 

We had been away for just about six months. 
Monmouth's best met us at the train. We hiked 
away to our boarding places, and after getting in- 
to clean clothes resumed our places in class. 



If you are not a subscriber to the Ora- 
cle, send in your subscription today. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



59 




60 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



MONMOUTH COLLEGE IN WAR. 



Interesting Incidents Related by Prof. J. C. Hutch- 
inson. 

After the battle for the defence of Fort Don- 
elson under General A. C. Harding, Dr. Wallace 
vent down to see the boys and take them greet 
ings from home, and, landing at Fort Henry, was 
escorted across country to Fort Donelson with a 
squad of cavalry, and transported in ah army wag- 
oii drawn by a four mule team. 

Having heard before leaving home that 
George Mannon had been killed in the battle, he 
had taken a casket to bring home his body, and 
the first man he met was the same Mannon, as 
much alive as when plowing in his father's field, 
and a louder than a modern College yell greeted 
the President when he told the story in College 
Chapel after returning. 

Professor John A. Gordon also visited the 
boys at Fort Donelson, and he found Bryson All- 
en of the 83d Illinois Regiment wounded and dy- 
ing, but the love of ; his Master and of his country, 
for which he was giving his young life, was strong 
in death. 

He said to the Professor: "Tell my class- 
mates to work hard for Jesus," and then, rising 
to a sitting position on his cot, he threw his arm 
around his head and cried: "Here are three cheers 
for the Union" — and fell back and died. 

Henry Pressly, though not a student of the 
College yet a son of Wm. Pressly the founder of 
Warren County Library and the Pressly Profes- 
sorship of Monmouth College, met death before 
Vicksburg in a singular manner. 

He was engaged in tunneling a mine in the 
siege of the city, and, while his fellow soldiers 
went out to their rations of whisky, Henry alone 
remained, for he never drank, and an enemy's shot 
destroyed the mine and killed him. 



FLAG OF THE 84th ILLINOIS INFANTRY. 



An Autobiography. 

Archibald Beal, Fleming Gowdy, John M. 
Graham, Clark Herron. Alexander Leslie, William 
Mekemson, Robert Martin, Daniel McMillen, Isaac 
Woods, Alexander Blackburn, all Monmouth Col- 
lege boys, on many a southern battle field 
"Their eyes did brightly turn 
To where my meteor glories burn, 
And as their springing steps advance. 
Caught war and vengeance from the glance." 
We were two sisters — the pride of the 84th 
Illinois Infantry. My elder sister is in Memorial 
Hall in the capitol in Springfield. Nine bullets 
pierced her staff at Stone River: twenty-seven 
passed through her silken folds at Chickamaugua, 
where Fleming Gowdy, the noblest of the brave, 
gave his life in her defense. She was disabled 



and received an honorable discharge for wounds 
received in battle. I took her place. I was born 
in Macomb. The ladies of that city wrought my 
stars and sewed my stripes of red and white, and 
gave me with a mother's love to the gallant 84th. 
1 received my baptism of fire as I followed Hook- 
er up the rocky steeps of Lookout Mountain, and 
floated in triumph above the clouds. I met 
Sheridan and Wood on the blazing crest of Mis- 
sionary ridge. I followed Sherman from Ring- 
gold to Atlanta. My silken folds floated in the 
l.ieeze at Resaca, and I saw the retreating hosts 
at Kenesaw Mountain. I hovered in the sulphur 
smoke of Peach Tree Creek. On the twenty sec- 
end of July, 1864, I saw the "Black Lion of Mi- 




Flag of the 84th Illinois Infantry. 

liois" ride down the line before Atlanta, and heard 
him shout: "They have, killed McPherson," 
"They have killed McPherson," "Avenge McPher- 
son," "Avenge McPherson." I followed Sherman 
as he entered the Gate City of the South: and 
bade him farewell as he turned his face toward 
the sea. I saw "the life blood warm and wet dim 
the glistening bayonet" at Franklin, and heard 
the victorious shouts of the men of Thomas as 
they scaled the fortifications at Nashville and 
swept the last armed foe from Tennessee. 



THE OLD PICTURES. 

The cuts used in this number have been 
made for the most part from pictures a half 
century old, from faded photographs, from old 
ambrotypes taken long' before the photograph- 
er's art had reached its present stage of per- 
fection. 

These old pictures have long been the 
treasured possessions of friends who have 
brought them forth for reproduction here. 
They have come from widely scattered homes 
nil over this land. If the mechanical work- 
manship in some instances seems crude this 
will be more than atoned for, we feel sure, by 
the sentiment, that attaches to these faded, 
time stained old pictures. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



61 




OLD MAIN BUILDING. 
Erected 1863. Burned Nov. '1-1, 1907 



MY OLD CANTEEN. 



When- the sunlight falls the warmest, 

where the children always come, 
When the evening lamps are lighted 

in my little cottage home. 
With the stars arid stripes above it 

in a glittering silken sheen. 
In the place of highest honor 

Hangs my battered old canteen. 

Beside it hangs the haversack 

which carried grub for me 
When I marched with old Tecumseh 

from Atlanta to the Sea. 
And the knapsack too is near it, 

'twas my pillow oft at night, 
When my tired head was aching 

with the weary march and fight. 

It is not so ornamental as 

the bric-a-brac around; 
It is not tied up with ribbons 

nor in alligator bound; 
But it held a quart of water 

in its shoddy covered shell. 
.'Commissary" too, and coffee 

it has carried quite as well. 



.Many were the lips that pressed it 

in I he days of long ago, 
Who have long been silent under 

summer's sun and winter's sno' 
But I love old comrades better 

and it keeps old memories gree 
To take it in my hands again. 

my battered old canteen. 



And the children" gather round me, 

while T tell them once again 
Of the camp, and march, and battle, 

and the bitter days of pain 
When the'prison walls were round us 

and the flag was never seen; 
And they understand it better when 

they see the old canteen. 

I am growing old and feeble, and 

my hair has turned to gray. 
I am waiting for the'orders that will 

call me soon away. 
When I'm mustered out, old comrades, 

where the grass grows fresh and green ; 
Lay me down to sleep and by me 

lay my battered old canteen. 

John W. Matthews. 11. 



62 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



NAMES OF MONMOUTH COLLEGE BOYS IN- 
SCRIBED ON BRONZE TABLETS IN THE 
VICKSBURG MEMORIAL TEMPLE. 

Corporal Robert M. Campbell, Company P, 
1 7tli Illinois Infantry. 

Edward N. Cannon, Company F, 17th Illinois 
Infantry. 

Charles A. Carmichael, Company F, 17th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

Corporal Robert M. Dihel, Company A, 30th 
Illinois Infantry. 

Corporal James B. Clark, Company F, 17th 
Illinois Infantry. 

Sergeant Robert L. Duncan, Company F, 17th 
Illinois Infantry. 

Sergeant Robert S. Finley, Company A, 30th 
Illinois Infantry. 

Churchill Furr, Company F, 17th Illinois In- 
fantry. 

William P. Henderson, Company I, 17th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

Lieutenant W. S. McClanahan, Company F, 
17th Illinois Infantry. 

Major R. W. McClaughry, 118th Illinois infan. 
try. 

John M. Miller, Company G, 3d Illinois Cav- 
alry. 

William M. Mitchell, Company F, 17th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

Captain Josiah Moore. Company F, 17th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

William Pinkerton, Company C, 77th Illinois 
Infantry. 

John Shelly, Company F, 17th Illinois Infan- 
cy. 

Thomas C. Shelly, Company C, 17th Illinois. 

Sergeant David Sholl. Company B. 118th Illi- 
nois Infantry. 

Corporal James A. Smith, Company F, 17th 
Illinois Infantry. 

James C. Weede, Company F, 17th Illinois In- 
fantry. 

William D. Wolfe, Company C, 17th Illinois 
Infantry. 

James A. Grier, Company C, 33d Illinois Infan- 
try. 



SURVIVORS OF THE CONFLICT. 



OLD SOLDIERS' DAY. 



Wednesday, June 14th, has set aside in the 
College Calendar as "Old Soldiers' Day." Public 
exercises will be held in the Auditorium at two 
(•'clock in the afternoon. The Commemorative ad- 
dress will be given by Major R. W. McClaughry, 
'60. Judge R. R. Wallace, '61, will preside. Man) 
of the old soldier boys have already signified their 
intention to be present. 



The Only Ones of the Monmouth College Boys 
Who Are Known to be Now Among the Living. 
Of the two hundred fifty Monmouth College 
men who, fifty years ago, bared their bosoms in 
the cause of a united country, the following are 
the only ones known to be living: 

Fev. John H. Montgomery, '66, 

Chaplain 16th U. S. Colored Troops, 
Pawnee City, Nebraska. 

R. W. McClaughry, '60, 

Major, 118th Illinois Infantry, 
Warden XJ. S. Penitentiary, 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Samuel J. Wilson, '60, 

Major, 10th Illinois Infantry, 
Ma.con, Missouri. 

Captain Robert M. Campbell, '63, 
47th U. S. Colored Troops, 
Assistant Post-Master, 
Peoria. Illinois. 

Captain William H. Clark, '62, 
16th U. S. Colored Troops, 
Attorney at Law, 
Ottawa, Kansas. 

John A. Gordon, 

Major, 16th U. S. Colored Troops, 

President Bible League of Southern Cali 
fornia, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

Captain R. R. Wallace, '61, 

Co. C, 9th U. S. Heavy Artillery. 
Ex-Judge of Livingston Count: 
Pontiac, Illinois. 
Lieutenant Guy Stapp, 

Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
IT. S. Sub-Treasury. 
Chicago, Illinois. 
Lieutenant John M. Graham, 
Co. G, S4th Illinois Infantr> 
Summerfield. Kansas. 
Lieutenant William A. Mitchell, 
Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 
Lieutenant Samuel L. Stephenson, 62, 
Head of Division Office, 
IT. S. Treasury, 
Washington, D. C. 
Alexander Caskey, 
Adjutant 101st U. S. Colored Infantry, 
Los Angeles, California. 
Sergeant William H. Abrams, '64, 
Co. A, 13Sth Illinois Infantry, 
Land and Tax Com. T. & P. R. R. 
Dallas, Texas. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



63 



Corporal James W. Brook, 

Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Stronghurst, Illinois. 

Sergeant W. T. Campbell, '70, 
Co. H, 26th Iowa, 
Minister, 
Monmouth, 111. 

George I. Gordon, '71, 

Co. C, 77th Illinois Infantry, 
Pastor U. P. Church, 
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 

Corporal Delavan S. Hardin, 
Co. A, 13th Illinois Infantry, 
Banker, 

Monmouth, 111. 

Thomas M. Kell, 

Co. A, 111th Illinois Infantry, 
Honey Grove, Texas. 
Sergeant A. T. McDill, 

Co. G, 84th Illinois Infantry. 
Minister, 
Nashville. Tenn. 
Corporal Charles H. Mitchell, 
Co. C, 136th Indiana Infantry, 
Pastor U. P. Church, 
Golden, Illinois. 
Lieut. James O. Anderson, 

Co. A, 13Sth & Co. H, 28th Illinois Infantry, 
Supt. Illinois Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, 
Quincy, Illinois. 
Charles P. Avenell, 
Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 
Andrew Beveridge, '65, 

Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Real Estate Dealer, 

Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 
Jackson N. Caldwell, 

Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infantry, 
Garnet, Kansas. 
James K. L. Duncan, 
Marine Corps, U. S. S. Fort Hindman, 
Physician Soldiers' Home, 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Stuart S. Finley, '64, 

Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 

Secretary and Treasurer, American Man- 
ufacturing Co., 
Wichita, Kansas. 
Thomas H. Gault. '70, 
Co. B, 28th Wisconsin Infantry, 
Attorney at Law, 

11.06-1107 Ashland Block, 
Chicago, Illinois. 
John R. Giles, Co. A, 138th and Co. H, 47th 
Illinois Infantry, 
Lenox, Iowa. 



Adam R. Foster, 
Co. (', 83rd Illinois, 

I. os Angeles, California. 

David W. Graham, '70, 

''o. (', 83rd Illinois Infantry, 

Professor, Clinical Surgery, Rush MeBl 
cal College, 

Chicago, Illinois. 

James A. Grier, '72, 

Co. C, 33rd Illinois Infantry, 
President Emeritus, Allegheny Theologi- 
cal Seminary, 
Bellevue, Penna. 

Frank R. Kyle, Bugler, 

Co. H, 2nd Illinois Cavalry, 
Macomb, Illinois. 

Samuel R. Lyons, '77, 
Co. C, 154th Illinois Infantry, 
Pastor U. P. Church, 
Richmond, Indiana. 
William R. Mitchell, '68, 

Co. A, 13Sth Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 

Hugh R. Morton, 

Co. A, 111th Illinois Infantry, 
Cartter, Illinois. 
David Nichol, 

Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania 
Heavy Artillery, 
Minister, 
Red Oak, Iowa. 
Andrew Renwick, '65, 
Co. A, 1 3 Sit h Illinois Infantry, 
Minister, 

Gladstone, Illinois. 
George A. Schussler, 
Co. A, 138th Illinois, 
Merchant, 

Monmouth, Illinois. 
Calvin C. Secrist, '67, 
Co. D, 138th Illinois, 
Attorney at Law, 
Kansas City, Kansas. 
John G. Scroggs, 

Co. C, 87th Ohio Infantry, 
Warrensburg, Missouri. 
John S. Speer, '60, 
Ohio Troops, 
Minister, 
New Concord, Ohio. 
John A. Struthers, 

Co. B, S3rd Illinois Infantry, 
Tarkio, Missouri. 
John Taylor, 
Co. D, 13Sith Illinois Tnfantry, 
Minister, 

Easton, California. 



64 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



William M. Thomson, 

Co. B, 83rd, and Co. E, 61st Illinois, 
Stanwood, Iowa. 

David A. TumbuU, 

Co. B, S3rd Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 

Thomas E. Turner, '66, 
Co. K, 133rd Indiana Infantry, 
Minister, 
Terhune, Indiana. 

Hugh P. Wallace, '68, 

Co. C, 83rd Illinois Infantry, 
Pastor U. P. Church, 

Siloam Springs, Arkansas. 

Ralph E. Wilkin, '69, 
Co. A, 25th Iowa Infantry, 
Pastor, TJ. P. Church, 
Starkville, Mississippi. 

William B. Young, 

Co. D, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 
Caprtain Peter W. Free, 

Co. H, 145th Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Minister, 
Waterford, Pa. 
Allan B. Struthers, Sergeant, 
. Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Minister, 

Galion, Ohio. 
Joseph Atchison, 

Co. A, 138th Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois, 
John C. Ford, 

Co. C, S3rd Illinois Infantry, 
Leota, Kansas, 
Robert S. Wallace, 
Marine Corps, 

Resides in Oregon. 
Samuel Paxton, 

Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio. 
Julius C. Wright, Corporal, 
Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Aledo, Illinois, 
William Gibson, 

Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Monmouth, Illinois. 
Robert K. Shoemaker, 
Co. A, 83rd Illinois Infantry, 
Pleasanton, Kansas. 
Nathanael R. Weede, 

Co. F, 17th Illinois Infantry, 
Sterling, Kansas, 
J. C. Weede, 
Co. F, 17th Illinois Infantry, 
Walton, Kansas. 



James Logue Dryden, Musician, 
Co. C, 36th Illinois Infantry, 
Los Angeles, California. 
Mrs. Caroline Pollock Gray, 
Army Nurse, 
Benton Barracks Hospital, 
Prairie City, Illinois. 
W. J. Walker, 

Chanute, Kansas. 
Zenas Hogue. 

Eskridge, Kansas. 
Rev. Alexander Blackburn, 
Pastor Baptist Church, 
South Boston, Mass. 






ROBINSON 

THE PRINTER 



>Nuf Said." 



J. R. Eighme & Son 
=— LIVERY — — 



Fine Turnouts and 
Up-to-Date Rigs at 
Reasonable Prices 

Special attention given to cab calls for 
Parties, Theatres and Banquets. 

Initial 
Stationary 



the very latest, 

per 
box. 



50c 



WIRTZ BOOK CO. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



65 




CLIFTON 

2?6 in. high 

<o7ie &{ew 



BEDFORD 



Arrow 



U^otch COLLARS 

15c, 2 for 25g. Cluett, Peabody & Co., Makers 

GOTO 

MRS. EMMA GREEN'S 

FOR EVERYTHING IN UP TO-DASE 

MILLINERY 

PRICES WtTHIN THE REACH OF ALL. 



MONMOUTH, ILLINOIS. 

Furniture, Carpets. 

Draperies and 

., Stoves . 



209 South Main St. 



Monmouth, III. 



Toddy, Your Tailor? 

Makes Most of the Boys' Clothes- 
Cleaning' Repairing and Pressing- 

Searles Building. South Main Street 

BETTER CLOTHES for the same 
money that is asked for the 
ready-made kind— made to 
your measure at... 

Tresham & Breed's 



TEA COFFEE SPICES 

NOTIONS 

BISHOPS CHINA HALL 

SflART SHOES 

For young college dressers, iu 
tans or gun metal. We are 
showing the limit in styles. 

E. G. BOWMAN 



KEISER CRAVATS 



KNITTED 

NOVELTY STRIPES 

OF PURE 

NATURAL 

SILK 



Keiser-Barathea all-bright 

■ilk, in over sixty plain 

colors, three qualities 



REMEMBER THIS 
OCTAGON 




Workmanship 




MAKER 

JAMES R. KEISER INC. 

NEW YORK 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 

LAW SCHOOL 

Three-year course, leading to degree of Doctor of Law M.D. I, 
which by tlie Quarter system may be completed in two and one- 
fourth calendar years. College education required for regular 
admission, one vear of law being counted toward college degree. 
Law library of 35.000 volumes. 

The Summer Quarter offers special opportuni- 
ties to students, teachers and practitioners. 
First Term begins June 19 I 
Secone Term begins July 27. 

Courses opens in all Departments of the University during 
the summer Quarter. For Announcement address 

DEAN OF LAW SCHOOL, The University of Chicago 

lTIThijtchins 



Searles Bldg. 
Phone 3266 



PRINTERS 

OF QUALITY 

High Class Work : : Quick Delivery 



66 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



ALLEN'S STORE 



HANAN SHOES 
FOR 
WOMAN WHO CARE 



W. B., ROYAL WORSTER 

AND HENDERSON 
CORSETS 



DRY GOODS 

And Ladies' Ready-to-Wear Garments 

Better Values at More Reasonable Prices. 

OUR AIM. 

This is the Busy Store. — There's a. Reason. 

Our only Study is Dry Goods 

We are next the Markets. 



John C. Allen Co. 



I HAYS & EASTMAN I 



PLUMBERS 

MONMOUTH, ILLINOIS. 
DID IX. 



* I * * I * * I * * I * * I * * I * " I * * I * " I * * I * * I * * I * ' I * * I * * I * * I * * I * * I * * I * " I * " I * * I * * I * * I * * 2 * *S* * I * * I * * I * * I * * I * * I * * i * * I * 



THE PEN MILLER DECORATING CO. 



(18 SOUTH FIRST STREET. 



The Largest Line in Monmouth of 

Waterman's Ideal Fountain Pen 

Is Carried at 

WIRTZ BOOK STORE. 

FINE MILLINERY 



FOR COLLEGE GIRLS- 



WKS. F. SCHNUER, 



GAe SPALDING 
Trade Mark. 



A. G. SPALDING & BROS., 



Are the Largest Manufac- 
turers in the world of 



OFFICIAL EQUIPPMEnT 

For all Athletic Sports 
and Pastimes, 



If you are interested in Athletic sport 
Is known throughout you should have a copy of the Spalding 

the world as a Catalogue. 

Gnarantee of Quality. f4? Waba&h Aye Chica ^ 0f M, 



JOE LEIN'S 
TAILOR SHOP 

Prices to Suit, 
Over Eagle Barber Shop. 




FRATERNITY, ., SOCIETY .. AND .. CLASS .. PINS 

THE D. L. AULD CO. 

MANUFACTURING JEWELESS 

COLUMBUS. OHIO 

COMMENCEMENT INVITATIONS 



Photographic MaLteriaJs. 

Stationery, the Newest Designs, 
at 

Johnson's Drug Store. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



67 



COTRELI/& LEONARD 

CAPS, 
GOWNS, HOODS, 

To the American Colleges and Universi- 
ties from the Atlantic to the Pacific- 
Class Contracts a Specialty 



4-72 Broadway 



Albany, New York 



1 STUDENT 1 



HEADQUARTERS 



• ::•: 



•it •::.::•::.:: 



« &Ae Pure Food Grocery | 

| R. F. McCONNELL, Prop. 

. Library Building South Side Square, « 

«(£«®a®«®»®«®»®«®»®»®«®8®»S»i5a®US 

THE 

IOWA CENTRAL 

The only 

Direct Line to 

Peoria 

and all Points 

to the East. 

No change of cars between 

Monmouth and Peoria. 

D.yC. BLAYNEY, 

Agent. 



$* •!* 4* 4* •J* 'h •!• *J* •!• •$• *S* »J* *J* •!• •$• •$• 4* •!* •!• •$• 4" *J* *I* •!* ■§■ *i"^* •!* *5* *$••!* *4* •J* *i* 




106 and 108 South Main Street 






68 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE OK A OLE 



* t 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* s 

* £ 

* i 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* 

* 
* 
* 

4> f 

£ * 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 

* £ 



ROOT 



THE BON TON 

LIBRARY BUILDING 

ICE CREAH AND ICES 

HOMEMADE CANDIES 



The Big Store 

Newman Hardware Co., 

200 East Broadway. 



1. C L L 


E G E Y E L L S A 


I 


WILL BE MORE 


E F F E C T 1 V E 


\ If you will nt 


urish youa bodies with Eatables 


: 


sold by us 


! W E 


PROPOSE 


= To make interesting prices to Clubs. IT COST i 


= NOTHING to talk with us about 




GROCERIES. 


| Scott 


Bros. & CO. | 



BRING YOUR JEWELRY AND 

WATCH kEPAIRING TO 

ANDREW H. FRANDSEN 



Rock Island Southern Railway 



TIME TABLE. 

In effect February 20, 1911. 



3UTH TO RQCK 1SLA 



Ar, Rock Island. 



ROCK ISLAND TO MONMOUTH. 

7:00 10:00 1:00 • 

9:20 12:20 3:20 



:>ck ISI.AN 



' TO ALEDQ. 

10:00 1:00 
11:45 2:45 



TO MONMOUTH 



th. 



hv. Mi 
Ar. Aledo. 

In addition to above schedule, trains run every hour between 
Monmouth and Galesburg, leaving both points on the half hour, 
from 6:30 a. m, to 10:30 p. m. Information regarding special cars, 
time tables, guides, etc.. will be furnished upon application to 

H. W. STEWART, Pass. Traffic Mgr., 

(Subject to change without notice.l Monmouth; Illinois 



* 
* 
* 
* 
* 
* 



STUDENTS 



EAT GOOD THINGS 



* 
* 
* 

t 

I GROCERIES, FRUITS, CANDIES, | 

t AND NVTS. I 

£ * 

| GET THE BEST OF £ 

I J. M. GLASS, ! 

* 
* 



The SECOND NATIONAL BANK 

OF MONMOVTH 



Capital, , 

Surplus a.nd Profits 



$ 75,000 
$111,000 



A. H. Cable. Teller. 



Anderson's Pantitorium 

Dry Cleaning and Pressing 

SUITS AND OVERCOATS 

Made to measure from $15 up. 
Phone 3113. South Main St. 

A. M. FELDT 



FANCY 



GROCERIES 



115 WEST BROADWAY. 
PHONE 343. 



BIJOU THEATRE 

MOTION PICTURES 



UU South Main St. 



The Jeweler. STUDENTS INVITED. SOUTH MAIN ST 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



69 



tt®::®«®»®« •>:: • :: • :: • ::•::• ::•>::•« •>« .js .j::®»ci 
n 



Commercial Art Press 



R I N 



R 



219 South First Street. 



■♦■■• ♦♦ • ♦♦ • ♦* • ♦♦ • ♦♦ ? ♦♦ • ! 






a 



A. M. HICKS 
BARBER SHOP 

Under Peoples National Bank. 



®®^SXj)®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® •JQttWiX^-iXSgxa) 




STYLES FAULTLESS. MATERIAL RICHEST 
PRICES LOWEST, 

Faultless Shirts can be bought only at 

THE MODEL CLOTHING CO. 

MONMOVTH. 

®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®«<iXi®®®®®®®®®® 



* 



Broadway Cafe 

207 East Broadway 

For Good Eatings. 
Tables for ladies. 






IF 
IT'S 



STYLISH 



ROMER 

HAS IT 

THAT'S ALL 

CLOTHING and SHOES 



BEST OF EVERYTHING 
TO EAT 

MAIN STREET CAFE 

OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. 

W. E. GREENLEAF. Prop. 218 SOUTH MAIN STREET 



HUGH MARSHALL'S DRUG STORE 

FINK PAPETERIES 

QUALITY PREMIER CHOCOLATES 

KODAKS and AMATEUR SUPPLIES 

Marshall's Drug Store 



D. W. O'CONNOR 

JEWELER 

204 South Main St.. Moemouth. 



THE 

National Bank of Monmouth 



Capital, 

Surplus, 

Deposits, 

Total Resources, 



$ 200,000.00 
$ 200,000.00 
$1,000,000.00 
$1,700,000.00 



French Dry Cleaning 
and Dyeing 

All kinds of Lakies' and Gents' Wear 

Cleaned and Pressed, "Just 

Like New." 

College work solicited. Quick Service. 

Wagon will call. 

CONLEY BROS 

322 South Main Street Phone 720 



70 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



LONG'S 

FOR 

PHOTOS and KODAK 
FINISHING. 

216 E. BROADWAY, MONMOUTH 



Rush Medical College 



AFFILIATION WITH 




The 
University of Chicago 

College work required for Admission 
Full work in the Summer Quarter 



June 17-Scpt. 1, 1911 

Write lor mil particulars to the Dean ol Medii 

Courses, the University of Chicago. 



ELIZABETH GREE1EAE KANNIAR 

IS SHOWING A BEAUTIFUL 
LINE OF 

Mid - Summer Millinery 

Fine Milans and Rough Weave Braids, 
and tine White Chips in all the newest shapes. 

Tailored Hats, including White Milans 
and White and Black Neopolitans at half price. 
Corner 1st Avenue and S. Second, Monmouth 

SPECIAL ROOM 
FOR COLLEGE PARTIES 

COLONIAL HOTEL 
we Up-to-Date Shoes 



have 



At the Cut Price. 

Call and See Them 



THE SHOE MARKET 

Northwest Corner Square- 



J. F. SEABLES 

Maple City Laundry 

Searles Building. 

BLACKBURN & TURNBULL 
UNDERTAKERS 



Lady Embalmer. Private Ambulance 

Calls answered day or night. 
301 South Main Street. Telephone No. 19 

McCullough Lumber <& Coal Co. 

Hard and Soft Coal 
Sanitary Ice 



Telephones 56 and 69, 



South Main Street 



Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
SCHOOL of 
E » d ENGINEERING 

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical 

Send tor a Catalogue. TROY, IM.T. 

PIONEER MARKET. 



H . J . ROBLER 

CHOICE MEATS. 

SPECIAL ATTENTION C1IVEN TO CLUBS. 
107 S. Main St. Telephone 54 

5Ae PEOPLES NATIONAL BANK 

CAPITAL $75,000.00. 
SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $87,000.00. 

H. B. Smith, President. John C. Dunbar. Vice Pres. 

E. D. Brady, Cashier C. M. Johnston, Ass't Cashier. 

We would be Pleased to have your Business. 

G. L. SICKMAN, . 

THE COLLEGE GROCERY 



SOUTH EIGHTH STREET. 



WARREN CO. LIBRARY "^/J. 1 ?? T ~ 



DR. L. MARKS 

Registered Optomertrist. 

Eyes Tested by most Scientific 

Methods. 

Glasses Fitted to give Perfect 

Satisfaction. 

Over McQuiston's Book Slore 




THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



71 



THE MODE I, 



The Hat and the Man. 





We are now showing ad- 
vancestyles in new spring 
Hats 



STETSON HATS 



Are top notchers and rec- 
ognized the world over as 
style leaders. We show 
every style for this spring 

$3. 50 to $5. 00 



MODELS SPECIAL 

Top your head with a 
"Model" Special at $2.00 
and $3.00, and you will 
be dressed with the 
classy folks. 



We are also selling 

New Spring Clothes. 



The 



Model Clothing Co. 



■^^^^4.4.^.4.4.q.4.^.^.,j.^.^.^.4.^.^. 1 {.^. 1 j.^.^.^.{..^^.^>.j<4.4.4>4>4->!*4>4-'!-4-4'4'4 a 4 , 4 < 4 a 4 a 4 i< { a 4'4 , 4<4 a 4 > 4 , 4 , 4 a 4 a 4 a 4 > 4 a 4 , 4'4 a 4 i 4'4 i 4 , 4' 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 



Bf>e Sipher Lumber ®. Coal Co., 

Kept the Water Works going- with Soft Coal all 
during- the strike from May 1st to Sept. 8th, 
and will keep you supplied all during- the win- 
ter of 1910 and 1911 if you hut give them the 
chance. 



W. P. GRAHAM, 
AILOR 



EAST SIDE SQUARE 



IRVINE BROS. 
Staple and Fancy Groceri es 



EAST BROADWAY. 






CHAS. A. HEWITT 

FLORIST 

Cut Flowers for all Purposes. 
Store on East Broadway. 



■{••{■•{••{••{■•i* •£**£« •$•■£••$• >3**2**£**S«*S**{**2.*3**3«*g«»i.»3« •£••£• •£*<$i<3*i{««gt«$«*gi«g«*ia 



T. H. SMITH 

Watchmaker and Jeweler 



ENGKAVER 

REPAIRING A SPECIALTY. 



Over Second National Bank. 



Monmouth, III, 



«» The Monmouth Shoe Store* 

NOBBY FOOTWEAR 

C. A. GIBSON MIKE MURPHY 

North Side of Square 



MONMOUTH TRUST AND SAVINGS BANK 



Capital 

Vndivided Profit; 
Total Resources 



$125,000 

50.000 

700,000 



The only legally organized Savings Bank in 

Warren County. 

We will appreciate your account whether 

large or small. 

D. LYNCH, President. C. E. DUKE, Vice Pres. 

R. L. W. ray. Cashier H. B. WEBSTER, Ass't Cash, 

C. H. RODOERS; Teller. 



Furniture Rugs Carpets 

Linoleums Mattings 

Window Shades 

C. E. HOGUE 

FURNITURE AND CARPET CO. 

SOUTHEAST CORNER SQUARE 

MURDOCK'S STORE 

FOR GOOD SHOES. 

72 EAST SIDE OF SQUARE. 



All College Books and 
Supplies at 

McQuiston's Book Store 

The Oldest Book Store in Wa.rren County. 



Ministers, Teachers, Salesmen and all 
Salaried Men and Women 

Invest $5.00, $10.00 or $20.00 per month in the 

MONMOUTH HOMESTEAD AND LOAN 
ASSOCIATION. 

Stock matures in Eleven Years. 
$301,909.22 Loaned on Personally Inspected 
Real Estate. 
Write for full information to 

T. G. PEACOCK, Sec. Monmouth, 111. 

fihe Student's Barber wShop 
FRED 

Under National Bai.k of Monmouth 



IWIG & ANJAL 
COLLEGE SHOE MEN 



FAMOUS FOOTWEAR FITTERS 
THE SHOES THAT PROVE. 



I s 
GUST. MELBURG, 

YOUR TAILOR? 



* 

* 
* 

* 
* 
* 
* 
* 
* 

* We make both Ladies' and Gent's Suits 

* 

* 

* 

* 

* 

* 

t 



Cleaning, Pressing and Repair- 
ing neatly done. 



THE MONMOUTH COLLEGE ORACLE 


SPECIALISTS. 


PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS. 


C. R. UNKRICH, M. D. 

EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT— GLASSES 

FITTED. 
67 South Side S-iuare. Phone 185. 


DR. A. G. PATTON 

Office, Patton Block. 
Pnone 102. 






DENTISTS. 

Keep your appointments promptly. 
Our time is money. 

A charge will be made for its loss. 


DR. C. SHERRICK 

Office and Residence. 
317 East Broadway. Phones 2061 


M. C. '97. N. U. D. S. '01. 
A. W. GLASS. 

Hours 8 to 12 A. M. 1 to 5 P. M. 

106 East Broadway. 


DR. E. L. MITCHELL 

First Door West of the Post Office. 
Phone No. 152. 






DR. H. W. STOTT 

DENTIST. 
Hours 8 to 12 A. M. 1 to 5 P. M. 
Over Wirtz' Book Store 


DR. J. R. EBERSOLE. 

Office and Residence 

116 North A Street. 
Phone 23. 


Phones: Office 2035. Residence 3294. 


E. C. LINN, M. D. 


R. W. HOOD, D. D. S. 

Rooms 404 and 405 Searles Bldg. 
Phone 2266. 


Office, 104 East Broadway. 

Residence, 803 East Broadway 
OFFICE HOURS. 
10 to 12 A. M.; 2 to 4 P. M.: 7 to 8 P. M. 


W. S. PHELPS 

DENTIST. 

Hours: 8 to 12 A. M., 1:00 to 5 P. M. 

57 bouth Side Square Phone 186. 


RALPH GRAHAM, M. D. 

National Bank of Monmouth Building. 
Phone 4551. 


J. M. EVEY 

DENTIST. 




Peoples National Bank Building. 
Phone HID. 


They all go to 


O. M. DAYMUDE 

DENTIST. 

East Side Public Square. 

Phone 1396. Phone 2627. 


HODGENS 

FOR GOOD THINGS TO EAT 






DR. E. B. KNIGHTS 

DENTIST. 

Suite 413-414 Searles Building. 

Phone 4076. 


CARY'S LIVERY 

NORTH EIRST STREET. 

STYLISH RIGS 

Students' Trade Solicted. 


DR. JOHN SPEARMAN 

NAPRAPATH. 

Searles Building Phone 2076. 

Take the Elevator. 


W. C. SPIEGEL'S 

Colonial Hotel Barber Shop 

Would appreciate a. share of 
your patronage. 



!! MONMOUTH COLLEGES 

** ** 

** ** 

!! w TEACHERS AND COLLEGE ^8 

4»4* ^- ^4 "$"i* 

** n In tne teaching profession the demand is more and more for college- ^^>. 4"5- 

|j* ^^ bred men and women, and the best positions are open for men and women ^^ ££ 

•fr* of this class only. Monmouth College furnishes a large number of men and 4"4* 

** #•_> women for High School positions, superintendencies and the like. Indeed ££ 

%% UU tnis College has more demands for men of this character than it is able to ' ^ ++ 

4)4. supply. We ean safely guarantee excellent High School teaching positions ^^ 4,4. 

*+ to all the graduates of this College who equip themselves by the full col- ** 

4.* "T lege course in the collegiate branches. ^ , 4.4. 

** b-_J \^t ** 



"T lege course in the collegiate branches. ^ 

A COLLEGE DIPLOMA 



+4" I *4" 

>* C J ** 

>+ The College Diploma is now a valid certificate in the State of Penn- ^^ 4»* 

J* — , sylvania for those who have had three years' experience in teaching. On J£ 

++ Z. D the basis of this diploma, the State Superintendent will issue a life certif- ^, *+ 

%% icate covering all College branches. It is quite probable that the next Leg- ^] 4,4! 

** islature will make a college diploma a provisional certificate for two or * ** 



4.4. p- \ three years for men and women who have had no experience in teaching. 4,4. 

*+ \^ This same condition of affairs will prevail in Illinois. ■- ** 



4>+ ** 

|| START RIGHT ffi || 

4.* Before deciding upon an educational career a High School graduate 4.4. 

t? ^^^ is wise who considers the advantages which the colleges have to offer. IT J* 

** N*N PAYS TO START RIGHT. ** 

*+ *+ 

** *+ 

If H What Do You Know About This? ~ | 

4-* 4-4- 

4.4. >__. Mr. Roosevelt said the other day that either England belonged in 4.4. 

XT ^m) Egypt or did not. If she did not, she ought to get out. Now, either oui __ J* 

** colleges are Christian or they are not. If they are not, let them say so, ^3 ** 

^J and Christian people can perhaps turn to founding some that are. If they J4 

** ^^ are, let them become so. and not depend on a thin and watery Christian 4-4- 

4!* ^^ sentiment, somewhat attenuated imo a mild caddishness in some recent u ,^]jj 

4"* professors we have met. What our colleges need just now, if they are real- ^ '!•+ 

4.4, . ly Christian, is to cut out some comses that can well be spared and put 4»* 

TT "?^ the whole class thru a four years'course in the Bible, thru a thoro *+ 

VV ^^^ ^b_^ 4*4* 

4.4. "■--> course in Christian ethics, their direct and practical application to life ^^ 4.4. 

** being emphasized; thru a course in the history of the Christian Church; V ** 

•fr* thru a course in Christian biography; and, lastly, thru a very comprehensive 4>4- 

++ r * lems of the day. We think this would make a vast difference, both in the 1 4 , 4- 

;T Pl-ii'iaHari nh.nvQptor nf tho cfniifintc: in thoir rnnralc: nnr? thpir af-titnrlo +r»- TT 



JJ *Z7 course in the application of the Christian principle to the great social prob- ^. %* 

+* ^~ * lems of the day. We think this would make a vast difference, both in the 

4^ Christian character of the students, in thejr morals and their attitude to- *|j 

+* ^-. ward life after graduation. As it is, there is an impression becoming wide- ** 



OWcU'l ULt; aiiei gl ttULlclLlUll. ^i& 1L IO, LllCltr IB AU 1111JJ1 CCSIUIX UCCUllllllS W1UC" «. 

spread that the colleges are becoming ashamed of the Bible and the ^oy JJ 
Cliurch and of displaying an enthusiasm for anything. Let the graduate ^ } ** 



a|! schools make scholars and specialists. A college exists to make men. Noth- .[.% 

** l_-«4 ing so far in the history of the world has evinced any tolerable success in ** 

•!•■£• ^^^ ^- m9 ^ v4* 

4>4> ^^- making men except religion. ^^ 4.4, 

4.4. W^-4 l^H 4.4, 

*+ ** 

1MONMOUTH COLLEGE! 

4» f ....* * 

v •!• •!• •!• •I*** - " •!• *X* •*• •*• **• *•" •** "I* "I* *** *i° **" ^* •i 1 ^* •** *!• •I" ""I" ■?• ■ *• ■!• "I •*■ •! " "X 1 •!• "I ■ •!• *i* "!•"*• •** •*• •!• •*• •!••!• •?• v **• •*• *I* •*• *!• •«• *I* **• •*■• •*• •■I* •!* •!* %* *■!• •!• •! * *I* • J* *I* *!• •!• *i* •!»