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Full text of "Legal aspects of cooperative marketing in Pennsylvania [microform]"

Author: Kern, James Ralph 

Title: Legal aspects of cooperative marketing in 

Pennsylvania 

Place of Publication: 
Copyright Date: 19- 
Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg027.2 



<286801> * *OCLC* Form:mono 2 InputPAP Edit:FMD 

008 ENT: 971023 TYP: u DT1: 19uu DT2: uuuu LAN- enq 

035 (OCoLC)37821011 

037 PSt SNPaAg027.2 $bPreservation Office, The Pennsylvania State 

University, Pattee Library, University Park, PA 16802-1805 
090 10 630.62 $bK45l$cax 

090 20 Microfilm D244 reel 27.2 $cmc+(service copy, print master, archival 
master) 

100 1 Kern, James Ralph. 

245 10 Legal aspects of cooperative marketing in Pennsylvania $cbv J R Kern 

260 [S.I. $bs.n. $c19-] 

300 25 leaves $c28 cm. 

533 Microfilm $bUniversity Park, Pa. : $cPennsylvania State University 

$d1997. $e1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. $f(USAIN state and local literature 

preservation project. Pennsylvania) $f(Pennsylvania agricultural 

literature on microfilm). 
590 This item is temporarily out of the library during the filming process. 

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590 Archival master stored at National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 

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650 Agriculture, Cooperative $zPennsylvania. 
650 Agriculture laws & legislation $zPennsylvania. 
830 USAIN state and local literature preservation project. SpPennsylvania. 
830 Pennsylvania agricultural literature on microfilm. 



^ 



i,m.i. ASFiciv;. t-3 cotp]:i. IV . i&Mi^'siim i;i j-^m.3yi.VAJiU 



>mmm 



J. R. Kem 



'*- - 



en 



The Gjiioral Aouu-ibly oi Penneyxvani;..- jUiu .auaed taroe uoijurato 
ftcts Muth,o,: i.::iiv; the fonoelUn of ag- ic.^lt.,r-.a cuoi.ur..tive auooci- 



anions and ra-ulatin,^ taoir ,..c .i v^iaea. The iirui: of t..cDO b(3Ca:ie 
'A law on June 7, 1007, aa I la p-.^/ulurly ki.ovm nu Lut> Coouoruiive 
Act of 1337, TUG socon i act, ./iilch ^?as apprrr/ol on .Juzie 12, 1313, 
and anion i«4 on sbxy l, l:)2a, la lenown as the Cooper,-. tiv© Act or IJIJ, 
The thir-' lav/ '^ao onactci in i:)l) an i appicv.-i on ..^.1 ii .,,t._ of that 



year, an i is co;.raonl./ ryferrtji to ac the Cco.cr. ivo .cl -, : 192) 
By iijcane of taaao thx-e.; oote iarj^erB of U.lo nt-te cciii for ■ coj ,.er- 
utiva imrketii\5 and purcuablnj aceociutiL/nH, .iou or nitaout c ill 
stock', havin,, xyiie povero and nany ypuci 1 ^jrivilcgQo, unier 1. io 
Act or 13B7, only local t^iii Btuteji io or.;..2iizatiuns c-n be ior::.cd, 
but uniur the ..els ox 1919 an i 19,:i:), not only loc:;l :-sM atate.x c 
a88uciationo can bo rur.aed, cut roiiorna >iiH nation;xL cooi.-iraU^/o 
asDociationa lu-y operate la ioii.'ioylVBuiia, -Ith tiiu iUil iu-i lIo es 
or l-ermeylv !la aBooci-tionB ry co..plyin.; .iUu tau lo,,al re ^u I rc- 
nienta ;ii.i>licablo to ror^i^ oor,.or.:.T.iona ieairi i^ wo :o tuHi.'o.-,c in 



A Pennoylvtnla utututc of 1387, authoriiiin, cooperativo pro* 

luctioj aiid iletributivo assjoci 'oionD, -ontaine 1 d ever 1 .aatur^n 
not proviouGly fuun I la coopuraiive ut/.tutes* 3tuck Li ihe 
asoociationo wiie of t-.w cl.osee, "poriaanonf utocl:, 
iacuber oaould aoH at iaciut one naare, a/id "or Unary" .- took, ^d 1.!^ 
could bo trancrerre,, rodou.ca, ;.r aiadrav/;i, ..ccor' i )- tu .:)a cy- 
laws of the aaoociation, ' '--. J.>«.3v> 



* V/aiC:i ,;i;Cil 



1^ j-a, iicii, -.ul. :y)i) 




• 2 « 



ij 



^ 



Tim DuzinocB of t.io aBBOciatiu-. .utn meiiiDore or non-mQ...bero 

i7as io,uiro»l Lu be on a utrict caah b.ois. "enbers :ai,:;nt be fiuad 
up tu vo iu a oi-,,aca or the by-lauo or ro^ulaiionu. iae DL,.,tu.e 
.loscribed ..i-acir,.ily .uvi , ctriod or iiraribuUn tn 

1. 



e j^luiit:. of til© 



v/an to ba ...ie^reci.ta i :.a. nn u ■vu.a rat. ur i.0 ^^r cunt on fixlureB, 
.lachlnery, and loolc. an i at tlu; rale ox 2 l/o ^or cent or ..uro, on 
^irehouo.:*^, otoro:,, a-, l otaoi bail ti:.^:3. Thu .axi ..u.. rate la the 

3* Th© ^^ 



tii ecL^re wer-: 



t r-' , ■« 



xj^airei to order the ..riti.K; off of 

or^ani^atiua .^M o'..<ier pr.ili a.ra-y o;ipcr:neB ..t u. rut., of not Liui. 
than 3 ..or cent yearly. 









^ • 



t-roviua.;a wao , a la ror a r.;.cnr^j fund aa i fur i.a^;.0nt of 
Intoiocl at l:ij anntiai i\;;t < o.i u per cont o-i 
9 per c:j-it on or Unary stocky In ca 
in lull, the inter. ^..t ,uas^ merely croiit 



, ■ r ;anent stock -rid 
uek v;no not paid lor 

o ? to the i.iOi:*bcr ani applied 



.80 thtj : 



4. The rooerve funl ma fori^ied ty aioiti.i;- ciivJ, 



i'0-/0'yiion 



of tu.- net .roiiti^, after char-c^i, .md intoroot on etc^ck, aa Ui« 
directors .dj.t idt.u..i..j. To tJilu ..um .-.-u. ;..iL.o a aod .^11 lines 
am forfeituree. Tha reu.Tv. iun i ai^at b. uood .o o,uali;.o tue 
Uvidoni throajhout ioo 1 an I bo i. ye.ro, to i.-ioot c ier.jonciee affoct- 
in, tlia a8-:.oci.tiun»o buaiaccG, and for any otiier corporate pur- 
poaes approved by tiio ..cuborn on roco: naaiation of the Urectorc. 
o, A y£opa,,.,n\B. jir. : aocl :I ru..l ,ru3 vo by ciuatod to jhich 
was to be crclitoi nat lai^u tiui,. ^ 1/^ ,,or cont of tne net .rofito. 
the o.uict uiiouat to be etor rino I by tho Uroctoxs, 






o 



6, ThQ roiMinder ol the i^roflt /ua lli^trlbuted as followe» 

On thu .mtioe and salari^is ox tao OM..loyQe8 the ea ie rate, and 
on tne purchaaea by non-:.e.aboro one-xialf tau rate ta-^t my be 
allotted on tCd yur.h:.,euG by .le-bern, .uch -^agee or nalarlcs to be 
the a.;aount earr.e 1, u.i i rudi t.urca.iceG to be tno ar:iount actually 
pali for in caon Uu-in: t-.e ,;yrlod to vaiuti m^ iiotribution 
rulatesi px-ovi iu I that no ,,iuilt uvi ion u- gmuII be allowod on tao 
purchaBoa of auch articdaa ua tuu director.: :.uj mvo .iven ^reviouB 
noUca ui- i,wir iaUir.iioM ".o oxcluda fro. : ..artici^atiua in ^.roiitot 
and provided iurtaor timl _ai ::ucn |,roilt avi ieadr, i=diaid be cioiit- 
ed CO i3:!ch sioiribcru, non-i:-.emb-jr,. urii q;..^1o./ jus, roapectivoly, to 
accu ;ud,ttj imi b^i upuli^A i:. or to^ar i the .c3y:.0i:t oI 
'■rment or oi linar^y ..lock, as „,.o 



Jiai'c: oi' ,^ar< 



iirectoru 'la,/ draea ti ,c to tiKiO 



detcr^ano ,..,n ^ or L.r th. i.nuc .u ^^uii u^ cartidicutoo ....jiei.r., 
until tiij a.^uuni ui .^tocfc c pit ;1 uol . by cv:Cii .namb«r i;: ii a lu.^iy 
reachoo i,uu ii .it ^dlo-vei by tau act M,0()0 for „ac;n -ler.bar uu- 
Ivjwy u'Ciiorv/iue vol'j , l-i/ the raarabr-rni* -i-'<- .- at v, <* ■ j 



cerilij aay be _.ai, to .u>...i flwrtburf: -m pyvjii f.'„' 



rnvi ie i for Its 






by-la. ;:> of the a&ooci-.tiuii,' 
Act 01 Jti/io /, i i''"7^ 



Tiio 



* i'\ i'* 



rai cict to b.: .ii-actcl, aru well 



i" 13 1 V o Op * J ra - i V J :i . ; r Ic ul tU" 

•An oc;t to ancoura-o a. I .uthori :j tu.f i\.r atiuii .f coo,. . -Uvo 

f^uauci tiono, ..ro^ucUvo uiil liairibuUve, by ^•:.r .er^^, ^ecnuiiicn, 



Xav/ 



B ox 



Uooper tcivo i^arkctinj^ - ikmna^ 



• 4 « 



^ 



iaborers or otncr pcreuna to uBGoclato t .anaelres tojotiior into 
Cooperative aSBociut-ionu ior t.iC ^yari>oao uL carryia; on any 
ajricultural, horticultural, .airiiu ,, .uarryin^-, buil.Un,^, lijechani- 
cal, viJiuiacturin- or co.uiercial ftctivity, or fur ths purpose of 
r.Uii.uracturins^^, cullivatin,*, raisiiij, traiin; or iealla- in ull 
kinlz of ^00 Id, -/aroo, : ;.irc,lian )ioe, cix^ttels, ,;rain, Vdjetabluo, 
roota, iTuito .itid otiK;r pro luce, ur aniaalo ior uuie, fool or 
other ..uxvoscjG, or tau ^juri.oiic of teayiuj, aelliri-;, hjI a.^s, ioaoini; 
or i;fiprovia., lanU;, to^e..onts or l^uii iin,.;G. Tli.. co.^oi.-tu naue of 
cucii aost/Ciati on wil»t i-iciuio ae tho lant Cv>o /oriu, t.ha /or.i; 
"cooperiitlvo ■jt-^.ociution," ani ouull not iaciade eiln.ir Uic ./or ia 



" .. oc i vj ty " or " c o ..i^,-. i ny , " 



I 



Unior thic lav; tiio tor,; of o.cistonce of t,hj coOi.^er.-.tivo associ- 
ation ic lii,.itGJ, to oairt-y /:.,icj.ro, a.n i cuiy ^xi^.lin : Poiuiayiv.utia 
cooper Aiv'e :.ooociation, ^jyh-;l!ier iMCor^o.t.;io I -^i- uaiuoor^.oiuLca, 
ciiuli bo outilioi to :-li of itu boruuitu by acc-^ijv in ;; tii^- ,ru\rit;ion3 
of fie act, So 4noinbox- of a coo,;or,i-oivo auu...oi;itio) for. .ei undi^r mo 
1337 .ot «y o.Ti-i or ; tmin one tnoucxin<l .iolliirs of taa cui-itul irouck, 
e.'.cuvt .oa.,.orit tneroforo be voto I by i.ai .e.-bcrr,, and encu .icnbcr io 
cntitlcl u; only one votj uni .otia,..; by ^.ro:iy i:. prouiltto u i\iO 
Pot provUe" for iho icc;,u-i: ce of tv/o cl,-;or.o:. of c.;i...ita itoCic. 



one 



of whica i 



u lino.PA ai> "j.jor. ;anont atocic ' ani iu non- ,'it.uar.avablo but 



£'«iy ba trancferrel, a;i the otii^r, kaovAi ao "^orau^ry iitook" .niioii 
iTUiy be r'j./.a , tra.iofcrre J ox jiti-rlravni ifi accor huico ita tao by- 
lawo of taj uosouiatioa. tach "lOi ibor riuot take at ioaot one ojJivro 
of perruinofit stock, -iiich :.'iay be ^; ,i ; for in ono tuu or in 
porio lical install iovtc, uio G.!iiro:.< of either claoo of stock .lay 



I mii|l|f»l7^<if^ppipu ryr W" — •-^M^jf 



'^ Q^ 41^ 



• 



• 



be or iuaountii nut leoo taun five lollare nor laore trum twenty-. riv« 
dollare. winoi'B %y bo ali^^iblc to ovm :.took an i to vote at woet- 

in^a, but .riay not hoi i any onice, 

Aseociationo iacorporutoi un ier tiUn act my buy from, uell to 
and trade or laal . itii any of it a immharti or otiier perbunB, pa.tnjr- 
ships or c^vrporationr,, eat all tratiauctiono i^tiull be ior cash, o^'xapt 
tlKxt ouch aosociutioiio iuy ueli roal ootate on -^uch teras that at 
least one- fourth of ti.o a^rucd price shall bo ,vait in cusa anl not 
>-.oro than ihrco-fourthn of tiio ajrooci i^ricc, aiOiUately secure I by 
uotos or boat an i .iort^at^e, ahall bo -^^7:11)10 b/ ri.::e l an .1 caul 
ijerioiicil itist.aliOQnti:, Ho aasociation -a:/ upko crMit for :iorQ 



Uiaa una vTOok'c ^va-en anl r>,.l-rie, of it;.^ oia^loysi:, nor crouto 
othur iiubiliiioi. ^'ui- :^jt:j ukui tiu-.j nuaUoi oll.ra, milGoa ap- 
r.roved by a /ote uf the ..e.iboro. Tii.- :i#Ebvii£. ar.j ,,.iaUy aui 
tovar^aiy .ia!;Ia tor ..il abts for labor or other arvices of ixny 
kind i;o\rforied for %iw cinoociation an i for otucr debts liavfully 
incurroi, each . :q. -bor io liable to the ui^iount of uis un^.aii stock 
caj^^ital a: id no ;.oro, 

TliG iim:\^(±.jent of tUc Injoiness of aa aaoocia iors for led under 
tne vct of 1337 io ve«te I in Lhe boarl of Jlrectoru, ^ro^-i ioat a.,d 
secretary. Tno • oar i of lirocooro :-;aail c-oacitt of i.i:c. ei^ht or 
ten Uroctora, ono-iialf of v/iio..i uhall bo olected oach January and 
one-iuilf oacu ,!uiy, for :- ;,erio.l of oac yoj-r. Tnu pre si tent and 
aecrotary ^^iiall be dircctorn ox-officio, but tao tr lasurer, who 
in ;iluo ciocto I, ncc 1 not be a ilrocLor. la adlitioa, tjo au IL 
tor:-, .-null be elected aca year. Soch asrociation : -.all hold 
ro^ulai' .quarterly ^iieotinise oi its iCibort; irt tiie i;oat;.B of 
January, April, July arid Oclobor at aiicxi joncrul otato. onto, bal- 



ance u/iocta and reports un tu^j 



previous viUarter»o business shuil 



* a • 



• 



ft 



be i^resented }5y tae boar I of lirectors, 

rroilts ntiU, by r.ne iaooclati.m otmll be ■;;:cjrtainel ..iUartorly 
wi'l ai...pliQl ao roiiowoj (1) i. t.iu rjj.uoliu oi" value of tnc rixed 



^^tock a,M ,.i..nt, .,t th.3 .:in.al rate uf 10.;, or oro, on uacuiu^ry. 
toola and i.iv:tu,.oa, au i or 2 l/'4,l, or loro, on bull U .;;8; {Z) in 
Uie reluclion uf or ,::i:.iz,aUon o...^o.Joea, ii- any, at une i.Uu ox nut 
leeo t.-ia.; J,. ,.ur y^-arj (o) i-i ,.rovi Un^ for i-aymant of iutorjot at 
the anrrj.:..! r 



'- .. 'L -J I ■• '» ■' 



u- o.-v u;i ^ur.uinont oiuck ;.n i 5,i on or Unary ircock 
am Uio re:iorva funl; (4) i... for ,in^ u rd^urvu funi for e.^ualizxi- 
tio-i 01 iivi tan ic..., for coa.in .u.nciea ..;-:!l rny uthor ^^urijooe Ijy 
a.jplying such un .-mount of ro ^ainiii: profitc a..-: the boar; of 
dirocLorB may let.^r .inej (5) In for. dnj a .oci^a fua. to .uich 
uaall b^ croiito.l .zot looi; wiaii li l/2,:i of ixic aet .rofitsj :ind 
(G) U'/i iin^ tuo ro.cauisjr of not ^^rofit:, .uao.-*,; •aui^loyeea accordiiii^^ 
to their v/ajeu c a-no -., ani ai'ion^ ;a. :t?orc ui I rion-:,iei,iberu accordiiiji 
to Liio aiaousit uf their purcUioyti ia caiiri, -ith i.ro^ii.ionc that non- 
Ei0'.bora ,.:uai :oceivo o ily ono-aalf of tao rate Imt >^;Ofabero and 
enpioyeoG nhall b..- or-.titlei to. 



Tiio uot furtaor ,,.rovideo that anrjociatioao f or, ^ed uadcr it 
."hall \.i^ firiet:. of ,ot Bioro taaii xivo iuilari. for uaca offonDG 
upon o -bcrr, TTio bruacu t;Mi by-lav/B, t.ii»t eacii oii^Aoyce v/ho .laalleo, 
rocoi^;ta, payu or usoc , .on..'y for t,a:j aui^ociation i-'r-ai ,ive a ,;ood 
and auffici.:.'nt ouroty bor.d, a.;= 1 ti.at ^-art of txiO ctock caj4tal or 
reocrve fund by a vot- of i,;io ixijority of icabora ay bo irivoi^oi 
by tho acBociatioa ia uac ^Lc^ck c:t,.ioal of oiner aly incorporated 
cuoportiva aauociuLio/ic i., 'caih -lato or in a^y oLucr oLaLe or 
country. 



Act Of Juno V.l, 1919 ,,,3 .^^ended. 



- 7 - 



• 



I 



.10 re f^erBoniD an* 

4h> 



The cooperative law of 1919, as a.aonded In 1929, praviiea 
for the incorporation an I reG-ulation of cooperative agricultural 
associatiujio not ii^ivirj,^ a capital utock cm I not contacted for 
profit, and deiinec acriculture ao as to include persons engaejed 
in a,;ricultur0, dxUryin-, livoBtock raiuln-, poultry ralain?^, 
floriculture, .-auohroou ^rovrln^r, beekeopin,-, norticulturo and otiier 
allied occupationf-;. Under thin act, ;iu^' fiyu or 
Sa-i;ed in a-rioiilLaro, -t iji..;t tiiroe of liaa .mat bo retilo:itts of 
tais Co-.i;,onw.ult}i, .^ Tor. ; a coop.r.itivo a,-ricuitaral ayoociation 
to "on,ia-o in the buyin,^ and sallin- of ajricultaral products ,..ul 
take title to such ,-ro iucta, an i .^ay, ub u-ontc for itu iCnbcrs or 
any of tliora, ..crfori for t-iu.:j ourvicoa connected 
tion, prouurvation, dr,/xn-, .^radirvj, c-irminj, otori ,j, mm 'dinj, 
utilisation, .xirketing, or e;ae. of :iavxcult^x-nl pro lucts pro luced 



.ii'.i iac pro iuc 



o 



Inr thcij :->nl for tiie a,;ricultural purpo.:QB of patrono and noiiber , 
imy pcu'for; fur tno;. corvicec connycte.l -dth Tig purcMi^ue or hirin : 
for or uoe by tiie::i 0u.,.lie8, inclMilna livoctock, £icain.-y mid 
e.uiy.riont, an i t:;e hirin.; of labor, or any one or ..ore of xue kinds 
of u^rvice herein Specified.'* Tnc nn.ic of i;ucn an astiociation n.uat 
iriclalo the vorl '•cuoporative." 

Unler tiiio law tiie tei^; uf o:ai3tencj of t..o cooperative :u.:.,ocl- 
atiaa ia-y b tr perputual. ttie ;; ct-oc iatl-Ki . .,j borro.v .onoy to conduct 
its Opei'ii tiuiii; -■ I 



X i)ii.iy i.ut.ue iioLee, bo nit:: .<ij i otuvjr evileiico of in- 
iebtodnc'Si; t,iiorcf<>r, and ,,ivo .ecurity fux o^.^ ...ay.,ont Luereof. 
lio asuuui,;tioa^ ii.oor.,.or:,to i unler tiiia act ..aj itivj a cu^.ital .Luck 
nor be coaiucted for profit, buc .ai a.i..ociation.:. ;m, cooperate ,ith 
any other c.uc:h aosoci ,tiun or corporation, for t.io i.'.u\.ot>e of 



3 



» 



• 



i>ro.uoUu^^ tue objects lor miich incori.orutoi. /^jy person, Urn, 
i)a,rtnerealp ox- cor,.orutio..; eru-ased in a-ricdtare .u.y be a lotted 
ae .e.bora In t-ac for, of cooper .tivo aouociatioa 



un iur tinria 



p -:ii::xll 



ture 



A- kS ■ 



^iilX be an title I to 



o..;^ ........ .cr iiao c.-aBa.i to 00 an^jagei in a;ricul- 

^ wxjii ........ AX i.^..u^ a aon-t.. an til era cle certiiicate 

of .aaaboruaiiv to oacii .aiS..ihijr^ an.l each m©; ibe 

one YD to oniy and no vote by ..roxy nhuil bo jcx.attel. 

a. ion .K.y ..,,a.;e in Lho -uyirr; an! .ellin^ o^ ...x^icuitural 

or far. ou^^.plie. for it. r.r.-:bo.r.: an i Tor non^.a^mborn, and ;.ay .1.0 

act iiv> a::enl for t:i- i, : at -^ I--- -^^ ,1 -^^.v .-'.v,i. - ^ • - 



Tilt: CiJ^^OCi- 



^ro iucta 



i.aAst bu ione ;it;i iBer^b^rc* 



cori.or.ti.u. ou,^as«d in tuc bay.a: or uo.lin; of agricult.ral ,. ro- 
^ict« provilel i.uch .;urclm.c aa i :.ol Uxij shall be i. ::oe..in.- .itn 



Cti 1 io iboi' of 



-V ■■--^-: 1-iv.' to 



ti.e purpouyts for -;Uch tho -acoci li... wao i'or.ea. 

an a3soci:tioa, iur cd unl>r tnii, act, j.lu.il b^'ii bio, ^oiatl .. 

iniiviiuaily an I :iOVorally, qi ..i- ...^ r- if- ... • 

*-^ ./ > - u J. . . X ^ ^y . , r c . ,^.; X t ;j ■. . i i • t J • o i o r .' ill v.D r k 

^jy vj.i .a.o o^-.r.ition Ox lac aoi ociacion^ and 
uhould :iny aei:foer*3 abare fu ov^ t'> ^-.> - • i>r. n w 1 , i« . -*^ ^ . 

ori^^iaul xiaiiiit,/. '..ork- .ui , i.itur' ..re iufiae 

i3e.::u obligations iauurroi by wu. a:.:.iociucioa Tor e^a.xij and wa-ea 

ior actual labor an. J scxvica , ariorae I by in .ivi iUL<l^. 

Ao«oci:,tior.o ......ol u,.i...r tnia act any ^nnko tH .-uacuto con- 

.-ui .. .iua- ,u .0^1.3 ic^uiiiflflf taei'i to ^•uy all or a 
Gpcciriol ,a.;rt Of t h.^L r ai,,,>l ioo xra., a)i .. 

Tied part ox" thuir ajricualur^a ,>xu ..acU: lo or L^roa ,h, ti.e 
aBBociation, but .uoi. .ontract. .uuu pro.xta a r.a.oaablo M^riod 



to taGll -11 or a la.eci- 



• 9 • 



i 



» 



In each yaar for tne ta.r;ilu;itijn taareof by jI thvjr ^urty, in 
these contracts tac sr^.e liability laay be Lu^ooed upon non-;ieiaber8 

aB is i'-ijjor.tti on i0..,'bjr8« 



j'*^ I. ., 



.ae t-rana^Q.f? ;t q* Zuq afi'uiru ox t;),o osiioclatinn 1.. voatel in 
the boarl uf iircciux^i, .mica t;i..ai oo.i©lst oi not locb taan five 
i.;o...bora olectoa xoi- torua of froa ono to u.ree yuur^.. Ix .ai 
auoocicition ieuireu to oloct ita Uructon for t.-r .0 of -oMrr-. t 
the firut roaular .,.oeti..Hj uae-t.dxi ^^f La^^ boc.rl, a., n^.^riy aa 
poutiiblo, uaall bj el.'utc.J Tor oiie yu.ir, ;aict>ior r-.r f^ ^'c^rti and 
tiiQ tair.1 for i,hrQc yo;a-.,;. T.joreafcer, tho tor.iu of .Uracloru 
eiecte! oliixll be for throe year.,. r}io bourJ of lireuior iarnel lately 
after ol action, nh.ill fro, Cujir ov.^i nu.bcr oloct proti lent .aid 
vicc~proGilo:nt, a.^ I a,,point a ..ecretury a.i i a treasurer or a 
t;ecretaiy-tro,-,ourer, :/bo necl not be a liioctor or a ,e:..ber. 
/acancioo in tao buarl of iiroctort) for uae..iurel Lorus -iictll bo 
fillet by tuo rcviaiiiiii^ xao.roort. of tne boari. Tuc coi*r.i of 
directors i.a;.ai a,..oint a ruatia;:er, iaot.dl a .e^-iate account rccoric 
a^id mivc au annu:,! au lit of op..r-.tionD :Mi^u by a (jueiified ac.^ount- 
ant t tita r-lo::o ;-f t .0 fi:,cal yc.,x\ Tuu i:ua 1 of 'irectorr r-'-iall 
require t .0 t.o a;virar and such othur officer., u^outu an i u.t.loyt^ec, 
«• it .iciy ioLi,;: vrt,.;, i;u :ivo aa adG.:uuto boM to tao acuociation and 
the proniuii on -J.1 :.uch bonUi uiiail .e ^.,ai,i by the ac.:uci iti^a. 

la orl r to ^jrovi so for the ^.ay ,ant o. ihv. acceiu.ary ex^onaou, 
ani for tao ,aiy;,iO)it of ^.rin.ip.a or i.nteruot on itt, in .cbto mob 
tao aa.;ociatiun ■^.ly croato a -varicia^ fu ■ : o. otaor..i3.i, throu-h foeK, 
luec, aBoouuiaerito, canrAK' or co^rL-nisaionc for .orvioer. ."uoh iueu 
fees, aot-esunoMta, char^ea or uo.ctaiBoiona, ;.i:all bu li iitei to the 
aiiiountu nocooaary to ;iect exi.Qnsc:: alroa ly iaLairel or r.^acoactbly 









• 




Oeti;:;atG i an ouoo.ti;.! to b. incuiT0d u/ tuu u^.uciation in 
ccniuctln;. itc o,;^-..' I.n.;, :,>v? for tm, ray,,ent 









Oi ^ rx cipeil or 



tfio above* It Diiiili -f •>- «t»*i'?-i ,^. - - 






**^^» y l^' 



r i 












vmnibori: :n,z conMri;;i 



•^ ,* 









T ^ f *,r» ' ' t ''f /*t 4 »• 



awry aoauciation. v^ithln three :.onthB ofter the .io..- of Ua 
^.c.,1 your, ..^ai t.u-ou^h itu .^c.^tui^ ..iie one eo..y of tne ...o.t 

t'rrr.cv:v/calth suid omu copy .vi oj. tJi«» leari f^V the -.rb-ol < '' 
©f the .tc;_;noylvi.,i,i& ^'ti: ti. C;,:ae^ a. 

By ..,c^.r of ^ tv;o.;.uira. vote of MI .e,l;er^. at any r..^ular 
r:co^ing or at a opcci^ ..c..tin.„ c.Xiel for the ■:ur.:ono, luo notice 
of tiic ti .c, _..lace and ol-^::,ct riavin- been Fv,-- t-, , . -^ ^ s- 
iricorr.oration miy Vo a- .ended or ti- 



ne aBsoox-ition .Kiy "be Usssolv^d, 



ct of -Vril Jj, ijjj. 



'"'^ ^ «... 



i* ux lj;ij pvjvxiuu ior tia© 



xav;orp::>ra.io2i :^i I 



*- * 



tionu :uvi:i^ o.^itui .,_;cJ.c, an-l .o.iruis ujricUUiro £,o cio to 

., ,j,>.ii&.y .a_....a,i, ...i.j. ...cuxlMrCj ..W:;:irouia grc/i.,,,,, bcoko.jp* 

r^ uiiKj. jv.iw..' uiliji .j^ou^jationr:. un lc;i' i.ii- act, 
-:y nu:.b.r ox x^crccuu, au. lo^:. U^a .iv., ....a^ud In u^ri.ulture. 
mri at louot tnroo or whoa ;aaot bo ciUzeno of tUl« Commonwealth, 






x' 4.VQ agricultural aBoociation r 



or t te 



P^^i-^oces 



- 11 • 



• 



• 



of nutiKil iol^>, to "on-nzQ In the? buying im.l a^lli-ij of aj^ricultural 
products, a:;. I tako tiU<j Zo nuoh ^roiucto, and .ua^, au a-^^nt for its 
stockh':>li^i:rG or :x.ij or t-.a-, osriori. for taen Dar-.;ices conriocted 
With the yroIucUon, ,;re£orvatloH, Iryixs, >raUn..;, caiinia,;, atoriiii:i, 
liariilin.:, uiiii^atiu i, :ri-.-rk:i!ti-r,:, or 3^1.- of ijricultural ,.ro luots 



pro luce i Uy taea; an! for tho ajricultural .;:irr)o..:as of 3uch Btook. 
holicro, may oarfor'n for ta.r: jycrvica- co-rioctei :;ith tho -m^/.^.: 



^vurcna'iQ 



cr 'lirin, 



i.....c,a.i-...^, ^iix ,,,u^.:.ei„, ..;•, I i.aa i'uriii^ jf l;ibor, j.- ...ny one or 
i..yr. of i.-ci i:i,:i.io of _ervice herein s^.scifiGd. " fhe na;rw of such 
an. 3i^i::aei..:tion siiall i.iclaio tie v/orl "coooer-itive," 



Trie t. ,r. of e>-i .-.-tone, of 



••ooci'. tion incorporate. l under 



/ b- perpet.'?! a^. 






;'ir3i:0Ci;;ti ■.■; 



,,y >«,^,y ..^.j , ,(^^2. 



a.;ric-j.ltarLJ. i.raluOtB ;iiid sup-liiiv. for c:tockhol:f.:r:- ani ot.i-r 
p.: trove. An aacoci- tlon my u.d-::j a ^ i execute cu.itxacto -ith it? 
rl:,c>!iolfort3 and ctner f^taronj- ro.uirin,. 7,hc.n .o cell all or .ny 
r,oci:-ic,l ;<irt cf t:..oir : ._;ricul Luna pro :v;cUs to ore -..•a-oj-h tae 



rctoci:; ii;.i:, bal each cort-i^ctB mail specify o ro.:iGO.ua':le oeriol 
each year during viach rdtnr;r ,.'rty ..lay t-nivute t;:.c co'^ti.ict, 
-iacli rn<-ocivtion, tmi^r thXB /-ct, ;.ic.y i.^. uc prefcrro i a::l co/:i:/ion 
ctocl: :.n i uy ' onoyt xaon^y to cou.iuci it. o^;^ratiyriC, iscuin;: bond;., 
notes:; art: ttn^r ovi .'.cnc^.-i;. of in Ubte.Inci ^. tii..:rcfor, mil -;iv;i ct?curity 
for tr.e pay,.cnt i. aruof, Tf.o ..referred .itucl: .«iy be ..,cld v.o i^utrona 



or ro.n-,,,aLio„-io ond iwn no voUn., pri vilcjc:;, .:uC L..e eo.'£,un . tock 
ii.My to .■ol ■ oray to ^.uljofic, "o porivju ;,ii..dl oucoi.io tiio ov^jor of 



i,.cro f-nn five p::r <;oat of t.;i.: outo'. andin- co won otock am 



no 



co..;Kion otuc': ;t;:y lo t;-n..u;f orra ' c -..old .;i'.i!.;.ut Id-- /ritten conn^;nt 
ol t,;;G aa!.oci:.ti, ;„ Co^.on rtucl:;.oldcrn uinj .;i. title i ;,o vote but 



TO 



• 



• 



esic:-; QO':at.on .■t.ckhadcr ia entiUca lo ur^e vote o^d^, an i no vote 
with mc. •_• ■iha.i llvj hunirod. co-anoTi ctcekholicrE v.-lolch .-: .,y ...rovUe 



i-t'efciTo J 









••iix'idend oi' not. Tcit'T t'lmn -"I- ■■-^' -.•.-* .-, -.«... 

MBmif^t cf ct'ck ,aeli ty i^lai Tcr .11 '.,> ^i i^tor lon« to 

ino.i by the 1-^7 to ;.e&n ciHy ouch ocli,..tion:. in<::.uie. tv tne 



D Carry 



»ri ^♦lubor^^ arc .:ei- 






J- i ■ or .'in 1 eoi'iictis 



i;er:-cr,:.e,.- l^ iv -ivi ;uul5j« 

Any c.£-rcr-i:, tloHj CwL^ei horoun Jc- .ay coo^.t:-/-t9 w;Uu :,ny 
ether srch aeecci tiori or cojv.or ,.tion .Cor tao pur,, ore of .lo^aolia 
the ocj-ctc -r .mich it mm lficnrporat-.i, i. my i.,o outch.^c 
ani > cl : cio^.'c Cf coi,,oi M;>n8 er^-iitie 3 Li tuyin-. or . oj.lin ; of 
•»;zl;, iLv-r.i pro luct:;, .vh-n ouch ^--ircliaec -U hoi-Jl-i 



'n-» 



kee^in,^ with ihe purpo»«e Tor julJ; Uio 



, :;:;all bo in 



) o.'vuc^ i. . L. j. on wiH x"nrr:e !♦ 



-antxae^nerit o- th^ :^ff-i:..: of tho aEOooi.U^n is ^oct; 1 in 
thu houri of directors v/hich uhai o:>.:i: t of not I jch tiiaM five 
CO :ion et;;-':.„;l^:;rc. .t liaa ri... regular .;*c^ti.v; or i;..^ t..,uci- 
fit t i on , J n 0- L : , 1 1' ,:; r 



» -.^ 






iri -ijariy u« ^.u-j .^e, :>a.uli bs 



4> 



ulecoc:,. .ox L.ii \,..u- , or one year, one-t:Kiri lur 1-.^. j r^rc on i ona- 
t.nir I ror t-;rc,.; y.r.-r.. At .^;.^-.il<^r .r.co;j.ua« luor j.^rtor, ;U.l ar.5ctor8 
c'io.ll by Jloctjl for t..r.-i.,3 of thro-D /-ar.. Y-uJnnciae in ? ..> f:otxrd 
far uno:-c^ixal tcr .;.; ;_...il b;; xill--i i:y t :u; coari. oT •i2,-ecc<>r3. 
larjeliutely .•ift.vr f, ,.,ir --uctior, tau ;.oai , ui diaytorG Uiall elect 
fru. th*5ir nuiiibor a i.r:.ui:.i^nt .ml a viuu-,.yoe.l lent, am t.^jy u.,aii 



« 13 - 



appoint 






cretar;;/ u»il a trcuaurer 



u^ 



c i" u lury^ tr c ai.:ar c r v/h 



o :.ay 



bo a i:Ui-x-.rt;ockhol;lu 



•^ • 



tfjt 



i : . > 5 



i- i*t 



uur 1 Li' iiroc 



t\ r •;.■ 



Oi 



"V<- K . 4 „,, 



^>JL Jw 



»* * tV *« CJk. 



•ritlMk 4|^ t^^ .^. *«•» 



i lA ;..•>. V H# 



f^ t^% ,•• t '■::,■. •?■ 

S-A, •«-" •»,,/ v.^ % '. ^ » < JL 



'-.I V' ik^ •» .1. , 



, ftpi^ui 



t i, r;ana;,jer and havu un aiuiu;:l 



a' 



u I 



it 



i oper.J. ii.;.;-3 rjalG by a 



>«i "i -. I. 



liled .•:.CCOttfit:J.t, Hac^f o/u.:ll 



ire 



» 



tUe traacurjr, ani *,.ay 



re L:ir5 f^uch <. 



ernploy.OD, ae they :..ay decl^nat 



cjt J y 



uret 









«». - ■ W 






5 V , • 



1 V J 



«t * 



>,-* A Jk. JU Vy U» * 



a,-:erite 



*^:> 



<iA. J', 



n- 



^onX ,;it[: ^^ul 



ic.'Xv^;;t 



i .U(.Lc uc auch* tha 



'\^-V^ ■*• ill""' r\r 



.t C # i 



on 



t »;l 



o 



1 ■ r t 



a 



n e» 



*> t,' *L v^ JL 






■» ^ ^ 



««t i< 



i 



i i{. , p X '•.* V i. K. X 



-or 






W C' '<i» C» i * ^^^ 



-i* V 



JL .t'jH .1 c-ri trie 



i:r<jrcrred i3toc^ ari l?0f^ 



-». -v^ 



a 



S ,>;/>! 



♦ t 



^ 



• t. 



ol -iTiioni^i 01 



i. ^ 



e com:aon 



K.' \-> 1^ 



ck 



wr the .liotri 



f ■'I 



n 



wA-wlA U^ !~vi. 



.y b 



cror 



'•o' » *<L 



U lUl 



1 ; 11* 



U^ 



sX> ' 



1 ' ' ' 



V >•. > •m' K^ 



ci-rli 



ui 



i^ai 



ct 



»V V. IimI 



;jidC Icn per CJ;;t Oi I 



-V 



• \ • 



t.,.J. >j 



•aurai 



^^^N> ^ 



«,< * 



iuUcaiy, .( 



^x 



«. «^ «v V 4> ¥ 



«^t* . 



■» ■« l-s 



5 <'.. i. '/ . 



11 



I ! <0 •} * 1^ 



i;^er e 



■■^ '"r ,^ » 






> i iii ;.-.4. 



•*- <A %t X V <--, «w. u L > > .fc. ^ ?^ J/ 



per cont or the paid u^^ c„„i ta lLvcI: 



"."^l 



no rc'-^iuaoi 






V - /*-j 



UC 



<5?ari;in 



«."? r*. 



CJ 



C -"IC 



13 i,. t. 



V^' i, i 1 1. u. 



t 



> > ^ r> f 



•v^ * -. a A * 






* i 



ici iiviiend^ un t 



i*i? 



i? COilK 



►. 4 



on rtgc: 



^4 



in t 



tie 'Uk crutio. 



ui the ir 



V^ •..- <>.l iw^ 



- w 1.*. tk> U dk X C t> ^ t* V-L 






Ti f i :''' "f 1^ C^ M M •" O > • J •» -^ * ' i r ! 



^ • u. ..I, 



Ui 



■>W*WI H-. 



cOCi 






-i.V-' * •.-• •^.^ .t 



^ii t?e i.'jitiiie 



to 



Ti?^tror 



f!?M .<"» •'»/*» 



lid 



^. '. -.-' 



itv.ndt; itt .loutlo l.-.c ri 



C VI 






v^ - i ti. 






X^ J jk ti 



lac cO non^ 



'9 ^» V V » ' - * iy^ JL -4 ■>, X H < k^ i,ft, t^ X 



patroiic limit be 



f**'? 1 1 1 ^ .^ 



I Vf 



ex L.L 



- --• 



latronaje x :jiY;ndfci 



-".- r- 



CO aou< 



#•» 



tocki,^.l 



Js. » .. 



rr^ - .<■ 






:t 






eii 






xi t. 



C 'Jl 



irciinno of 



» 



ccpit: i ytcck cX' liiu uu^ocia ,io 



Wl i^^iXl^ 



'.*« W^ O 






s,^ 



ur u ,.c a.xiji; t»t ic 



oi' t .e ii-c: 1 ye 



CX J 



uiiG GcCi'et:-.r./ oi 



c] 



C » Vv « * 1. fcj 



cciati 



> • v.. . 



.Xjl *.ix 



J i . C V, C 



L^y ^^A 



t t.e 



ru,.urt ( 



v> a. J, i^ 



»^ ■: j>.i » 



nu..,i . u i 



'v fc 4 



tiie 



ci'otary u. A^xicaiture of 



tlilG Uomoii^vQ .It 



h# rxii 



x.'^ V # » 4 iv 



copy ,,itix Liie \;ii of 



» - 1. 



iiO cr^ool 



of 



A^:riculturo of thu i-\;:;/iBylv:..:.i 



II 



tato Colle o, 



- 14 . 



• 



A>- -rticlcr cf ::-■ "ci-:tirn tray he ai-crulci by an affirruitire 

Tcte of t-'o-t, Iric ox .-/ll co-r'on r< 



re.-al .r or spec J. 3 



'''^"'n'>I !-rr ronr-nt at any 

the Li -, ::.'ce iU!d object or irie : eetlns havia,: beon jivun. 
AJV Gcoociatlon ui^y cease to io ru ;; i .i e a i,: -v. i te -int-ilvcd i?> the 












< » ^, 



• ■ ' . • I I \^ .^. .... i > tt 



• 



^ -OWIXOTWW^IMM* 



Jt'a, Jen. '/ui. ^jOb 



I- • Go!.. Mul. o41* 



Coop err tiro vcte 



• 



!• Tiia Goopierative A^^irioult^ 
fancier D to for a Uoo .er 



^ .J 



'1 r-fr^ •• 






or r::;nai::ylvuiiia permit© 



'.Tith or vdtao^'.t capital ooc';, vy/i.tj .,i;j ,0-;ora 



Wir t i «4, 



iAiiy aj,><icial 



privilogea, un i^jr um ,-.ut uf 1B37 oiu./ i.DC:>l ;.ai auaoMXde or.iiani 
aationn c;--n be Tok-jo I, bu?, un-.lor xao ..c.o uf IJiJ .xu .. iJJi-J, aut 
only loc^^I and v^-nieM 'o -n^-ori-itiorc: .u- bo Toi'-^Qi, uut .u^iunai 
an I national C0Ui.ivvjt.iT9 n»eoci:-ion3 ^xiy opcr.xtu iu .. omtoyxvcaiia 
asGociationn by ro-,;lyln,: with the le^^ul .o..ui.i. .witb ^^.iicuUt. 
to icrai.cn cor. vu- .t ions ierlrln-; to j.o tu.-ir?-.yr in taic i>ti4tc. 



(1) Aci of .Ju-'i-j 7. .l'r'<7. 



1. i;c/i'^ju.;.-...ta iiOiae lauei, iiiCiu ao ''ouoijurativa <»eQot:i;ition'* 



■ > 



IIo laoi.ibor ovii . .02:j t.iai: .•lOjJ irtock. 



4^ iToiIta detvj^'.ainowl .;^..^zci:lj ai*.i ijuy be ^ppiiarl# 



(a) KouUicliun of v.^lu^ 



( 



h) 



•w Wo. 



H 



-i. ^ . 'O '.i be '.„' c K # 



He d. a: 1, ion ui yr,:ai.i;r.atlot; •.->.■..• en lu;;. 



(^) 



( 






j^ I . 



: ■ *••' 















(e) v'iC/clal fun a (2 i/z,") 



• 



(l) 



•>* J» 



'^xvi irrz rc;:>aii»di.r acCv^r-a^t^ to trail ..av. v>i.jnB 






o 






(2) Act of fune 12.^ i:,13. 

1. So ,. ILv,'.! •;•: 





















i A 1 



riiJu ji u # 



4 



.Merpotu:'! '; j::.' 



r 



\) 






53^ 



laay buy arri oell to an^i i'or aon«»).iv3-:ibv.fro Ui; to 4;).:^ of 

bUGilI008« 



^ 4^ m 



• 



• 



I) 



UOiitiactw ...^ij Jo ...^a^; -*.s^to^.uinlnj afuoauw to Ij^ 



>- '■., 



7^ 



A r^. vie iou^^y for pay-^iantt' of ^^X0'3:y,-,j- 






r^^ o 



'^XJ DJ 






-uas 



^ aBOJki-;>..i{ijate:;, ca^.r^joa o^^ co..u.iiajxous T 



or 



iie.i;viCeH 



a. 



i' i. J« J Cf >J ^ 



.-J' ^^•*' 



wa/u ji it a annual 



:>n\.xl .viu.i r..in 



o 



* ^ m va... i 4. . J. 0*.« 



^ V- • «/ J» 



. ;.? 



•» • 



3» .articles -^?y be taenia! . 



ur cii^JLO w l.» vl Jii 4.x 



1-,"% •»!• 



Ojl"V s#" 1 Ujf' 



/ 



10* 



«J/ v^' VOC^S t^j.' ,.ai-j..»CG!x tj» 



FlV.: 



^:^r ittvio ...lay ."or, c... (C i:a .t..oci. 
finance 1 oy ■nent'ershi.i net as an i /icjs jf 



in 1 



t -. •• 



:x' ^. (. Xil^: C) »: 



V) O « 



12 ♦ i»ach .ue^t.^r o 



ro v#c« 



\ 'i Act ui Ij.^Jt 






1. 3o.,ri electcl Tor 3 /r: • {i 






ye..!. 



2# Ten per c^nt oT ^i^tnir^i> but ^^^ixu ^.^^1 .un ; ^ 






or tte tot:.! c-pi;.d GtGc.^. t: :. 



I -.--.. ^Xii-ier ,:.itiy ^ 



* « 






U sJiC ?"w 



c ^ •:> 



i:0 iT/lOri otc^c 



X*iJE:i C ii U s« uj»^' <'j X t. 



clocc fro-. Uiuir n;iu;j;.x- u .^.usxient ..... ^ 



Vicu-praju tent an! t,aoy 



oxioli ap^A>xi/u a eecrotary ;?ni trea 



fiu* wX ur c. i^jc«»i* 



•--' • 



9 .4^0 i.uiy be 



account rocorie; ai.point u ..najor ..n . xiavo an a:.iuul au lit o! 



■J 



operations im:lQ by a .lU^aifiol accounta^it 



Businasa uor;,orc>.ti.>n 



i^OQ,>ur../i.xvc 



':jiJkJ 



ciation 



ruii.ozez {!) I 



-n !"*>■'• V 



k/ Vi 



i: 1 • ■ c 



^ -'^ f: 



fo 






oTi'tij *-••«• \1 



^ c^ i. 



Oiiui; tit^rvicee 



• 



jfctrom^je: {2) Hot r 



Sj' 



•■^ *. 



r ov-^iors -*- [2] :.c;|Uiriid 



Control: (3) Votoo acoox^ 



« 4f . 

- ' J ■* 

v4 i. 4 . 



vv 



>o c 



V... 



■> c 



ock -* ( 



\j 



) Ono r^^'U} one vote 



• 



liagal Phases of Cooperative ^».09oolation 



o 



» 



(u, ::, ), A, Bull. 1106) 

i'age 2, An o^iiriculturcil cooperative aooociatiofi is a businoso 
organization oi/nol ana controllei by uioi^iser uirricultural i,ro lucers, 
uauolly incorpor.^;toa, vmich oporutee lor trie mutual boiioiit o£ its 
i-jombQre or ctockholdoro iic pro lucorc or ^atronc on u co;jt tasls 
aftur allov/in,.;; xor t,nc jiqjeiiooo oi 0]jcr:.ticn an. I .aintenance and 
any other •■uthorlaol dedi^ctio-s for ojipanaio - and neceoscirv 
rcservo. 



i'u^e 4. ?ho c:iccecc :;i Coo^Kir .liv.j I^r'iotui^ uT r^-^a vru.:-..cti: 
dOj^'ondo 0-1 taj buein.iLO oa.,.cxty a . l honosty of tn:.Gj in ca.i'je, 

Pajo G, in ,.11 ^uriu dcti;>uu, ao.vev^.^r, ^.-t-./ckaol .ijr;. or .a.;cor3 
ciui bi co:.vellol to _:.ay lor ctock of -iio cor^.oi-..tiu.. or i"or ie..bar« 
3hip in it, 

■fa;,;e 7. Those \vtiu ;;ii>:: ^.o ^'cr; i a (:ori,.cratlr.n zMrt i-K'Ct thu teras 
ani con:Uiiuuu ox tUe utv.^t<j. 



• 



i^a^o 9* Articl^Q of aao.ciaoion inwluiej 

(Ij Ocjvjct« ju). pur^oceti Tor v;Iiicli ror.iod 

(2) Uauue inclixietj cooper. tive» 

(3) A^oiirit of G :.)it a stock if any. 

(4) LC::al roi::! louco of ao8ocinti-;ru 



i^u:e 10 • 



^kKJuro a I'/ic: fron:: 



(l; :3tatc Collo.jo of <^;;ricu} t!U c» 



(^j; dv. 



^f 



Jx ;>oo^>. i,lar :. u^ Je U x-'uru. Iknu'-U 



(3) Varioao acto. 



^ 4^ mm 



-^^ago 12* Ui:Kirter * 



V* 



onciijto ox tijactln, at..t 



e conatitution 



proviaionrs :ini pvirtioular i^tat 



u 



to uu i.^r .nidi it -.me or 



I ^-^ - -^«l» jCi w '^1 



k? i ' *t!U 



'^,. J ^ X '--^ 



1.-^ 



i% 



tymla- tuat ij 1 



e,;al ;non tiiudu -lay be renlerea inv'.ll 1 



by a ot..tuto r)vCtBO x^cntly adopted. 



i 



fhe Dur:, 



or r?v«».l 



"f'i I 'T ' 



xn to i.rovll(3 rules for 



» 4- 



^6 rercu** 



X m« X 



o 



i» 



<» ^ i. 



•■H^ '--*. 



.i Jl, 



i 



1 1 T« 



U 



^ tuc ccr^juratior] 



i'a.je 14 ♦ A corpora tlu.; 1© nut iiabl 
currcl by tnuoo .mo bruu-ht titoui ito 






cApenseu and coats i 



n^ 



i'or 



.uiiua, ualooi. It uluct 



D 



to ^.;;iy lii 



*:.i 

>»/■*. 4 



i'<i,,e 1G« UoinTiion 



.4 >V lOX .10 






10 li -it 



u,;0:i th^^ a::'iOunt v;.iich a 



corpor. itiun .iny com 



^O^QB 17 



i-^v 



Lian on vtoc 



JK 



*• bUi'f>0-' 



•t 



OCK ^'(si .:.ebi,f^ due the 



AS...oci _. i,ion Dy 



i<S, w X '\Jl 






4 k^ i^'. 



iuive liouB on 



• • 



XV X -iU ,iJL *.} t 



'Cr:UQlaer 



* <X,^ 



r-* 



V ^ ■ ,> # 



iub 



4?;* .-"^ 



.ibjr • on^ 



Hu /Uii3 a:.,rc5e: lo taJc- clock i 



n L^^o 



Oi'i^i:K,l i£,j3ue 



::itock-riol <i 



I - 



ii.iplie 



o 



i 4 ■-» .* • 



nil 



aoL iniebte 



in JS13 



ru :t 



n > 



It i*.; the ";ji 



•u- 1 an a 



B o oc i a I i o -^ i o m er a t a 



Q waicii Jcter.iineB 



Whetiijr or nut it i 



■A H^oiit-^iJcin; in^itiir.tio 



n 



k^' 



.i-:o .24 



^ho ;xigr bjco^w no!jbcrn; 3et.on'ii 



ne i Dy 






oci rcion b/- 



J /-iv. 



Pa,;o .-]5, Higjtito ul .^iCiber 



81 



U) 



vJUoooe an 1 



J. jOvc iiructura 



(^i) Ai 



Opt 0.1- crinn/;e by-in.^o 



(3j To rvj^uire off 



icere im i liroctort} to kojp vitui 



n 



the la 7> clt^rt'?r, by-lav;u an I contract 



c>» 



- 3 - 



(4) To aol i offic 



en: an l Uroctora aocountablo for 



i'o) 



loseas Ciuifared throUijh Isparture f 



I'Q:- article (3) 



^^1 v 



ca^-ine boolcG and uvQ\jortv 



or ucoociation 



*^Wt^\? »^w» O , 



f^ 



IXCKj A perijori 



v:;o^itinueB lu n 



)euber until a le^al 



ranofer, reiaii.,.tioa or forfeituru uf ^i 



•V 



ei^oij-k is effecte.l 



• 



210. 



■^^1 ^■%f'i 



.<i •wiivv^r. J 



A ^iuraon continuou 






a ;:*C;:jber until 



•le 



ra^l'iiat i 



fc,i 



ox^.illo i ur untii aiu nefuber..uip Ib ter ilj-ylfate i by 1 



Hi?) 



i'a^e 30, :)isn( 



♦ n"* iv 



-* ,, .) . 



riui:i Hon-' c toe 



•w *J '.1 v.- 



i /lion ^ * 



-• \> 



r Jan bao 



c 









:oci.itii n - on cituck bari 



B. 



Cro-Ii turt■ 



^:.:i 1 ^iri;t^ then nrofc^rrel Jiitucli 






t--* t,*,* A 



1 V.U.iA.011 



tocl 



1>^ • 



Tlu'cuii unoni 



riour coDient of -itr..bcjr 



o 



or 



<L» 



i'iixti._:a action o 






iA'l 



»• ' > X % 



)1 






L# i Cfcv i% 



(1) Jl co«L;orn 



■•? 



o 






of an astwciali 



J 



n 'ill .i in its 



\ 1 X' e i 



• • v fc. k.,:> 



('•!) 



leud nut '00 ,:j«j.iboT 



i . > ) 



^o I. moron 






i.. 



ri r> 



U /: i K 



■/ , * ,J ' if t. 



mx 



X on 



*-* • 



ira 



O 4^, 



) 1 



1 tit I, r;; firi'eotin.' i^olxoija or j\ 



o^j-.Tty the 



• 



^i-iroc i-^i',j c 



uu .;x;i-* cnu ua^^.^'cxulio.i o.«iy 



* V 



Xi 



^a-6 33^ (5j 



Actia,; in a i.ro^urly, convonod iuCetin.: oi 



^*, 



bourd 



.uo 



niru li;L.;ei by-law) io n 



-/ V. .1 K. «-/ 



i'y 



U©i4:.liy i/o tiic vote 



i^a^.o 55^ (G) \^.^j nox. m ' 



> ■ ■ .^ 



ir. riv 1 



K. ineeo 






tiia iotrii.4ent 



of tii'j auucici'iti 



on, 



i^ajc 36* (7j Tiio b 



oar ■ of iirectQri> ul 



m uBBc elation^ in iirocti 



J ' 



itt5 iffairi;. luct 



uo<^ ouj'-: to keo^ .vitain 



^no po.;er8 



- 4 •* 



• 



» 



iu,G 38. (s; 



i»«ge 42, 



4 •» 



ir^^-t.JO 4J» 






i^ajo 4". 



Jhft^, D *J: 3 » 






it. 



conrerrel by itc cixirtor anl Uia ^.lan ©ot forth 

in i%o by^la-'u uni riarkutiri^ contract^ 
^'ay ieln^atc jji cocutiva ccrsnittec, orflcerB* ./en* 
erally npo-.ki;-, ^x.y .,ot cnlcr inti; t;, a^i^action 
•'.1th .;.n aaeuciatiua i:. .uic. lacy -.ttuupt to ac 

both ici- LfiCiBuli'-Co ,:-n I tt.o :;-.iJCuci;,!tJon. 
AMOci.rtion ie liable Jcr './ron-i! or ofriccrc, 
Ho votiH, l^y .c:ro.-:^'. 

\ oooMcrntive acco(. i..iion L»y not bu lurovvii iuto 
i.^vuluntaiv barik.-u,.tcy. .. rot;cl ^rv:rsaiJ .loet. not 
tor i -.tc or Uui^'olvc iin a«»;,cluli-,fi. It. ;:1 :uly 
Luti?tituteL t;ic -i^m-je :cut of ta^j rocjivera .ur 
tae !jaa:vie,-..ant wT iiio uixicji't, ;;n ;. ii*ecloi'B of 
tue -Jcooci.:. tion for t 



iv. iii'o of tti-j ryc.ii v^i luiip. 



r i n 



v.- .(» 



cortTcict* 



(^ y lure 



^tiai^u anl 



»^ i^^.U. <^' ^ 






rH,;-oncy ■oyj_,o 



.'U lui a^- on.vorcc c.t iu co!!caxr;c 1, tao couijGXc. tivo ucta 
generally authcrino . oe.a. ti.:i^ ror.,.ol .a .er inc., ^.ot^.or e....loy. 
in^ nn ijjricy or a pure .^o m^ nni.-^ 



'^ >«. 



.1X0 CO l.act, lo ,Xwvi.e x'or 
liiuLkitei kuiia«W ani they i^ ©iro iven trs ro :v:,Uec ox in 

jjro iuctc to .ri ^.i-ruci tion. 



' v> -i»v^, 



junc- 
Livur liioiv 



* *-''Lv^ ^JL «J 



'■M.* 



--:*.„ 0.. ux cuutj...cl vuri.o. It ::i, y i:- ...ciia' ir. the 
by-3.a;vc, nlorrj wit/. ,;.rovioion Tor .-iohii-....til, 

l-a,>' i/4. Titl. Gi' proiucte pa^ccu Lg the at3ocl,.ti r, ..t .te..ivory 
or at nny ether r.^vjcili.!d a^^ ir c.;,.rucL:ly and .ciinitoly a.reoi 
In the Hail coutrc.ct. 



«• 5 ^ 



X 



• 




i^ije 56, A ^.urcaooar v/itn notico uf a prior ^ar.^Unct to tell or 

to iQiiz^i t.:.".aij liubjoot .0 uucii contraco, ua ^ ia ooand in tii-^> t3iii.ie 

raannQr a:;, aiy voii.lor to carry it intu o.iecutiua, 

i-Utio 57, i-ooliu; uacral •; Ijvs tii.jutjat of ay ayi avorajiii^ -iroceos, 

an avara^-ia- ,;i ta rjo^^oot lo ^-ro iuots, pricooj, e.<tj,jensa3 or returns, 
Pa-0 53-60. Hec:ov;;;-y of o.:x;3&b alViC'cea - no ^i; ijUuli be aJllovswd 

uu cnriCii jii'.;^.;.^! v^i./.-iutly cit, cae oic o.u..,;a '..x ::}iOtiier or nliali be 

laiouel u> reuau wonoy t^^it ia "^.^itj a:i { .;,:uo-I coa^jcience" baior-.-e 
to anot.iur, 

i'u_,G uJj, .uj a..^....:iavi..n uiay .-nfljio cui./ Uioav? lolauti una Ui-.:,'c it ia 

nutaoriiic: ':o natce under tao coi.tiact or by-lu... u*' w.w ui3^ocu.aun, 

i:'£i.:;e ob, (K,>nc;r:i.lly opeakiii;, a ^xir:-on v/ho trukoi:' a cru^j ;,iort, ,u.j_;e or 

ot;K,^r lien on couuiiUou occu..i.3i- a i-o^riviun virtually ionilica 
with til. it of .i x5urc:iiai:.Gr of the co f.*o iili c.j. ir;.volve.l. 






i.i^uiuito.l daiiia?.'UL-= uj'e r;....a^joi: the amount of .vhich liae 
boon lotor^.ina.t ii*. i. 'vaiiCo by i..,r'j.:. -^..t bul.^eun hnc ..arUoe. .\ 
pcfiu.ty n<Ay, in thii;, ooujioction, be 



«» ,-■> » 



e '-•ixnoi ao 'n uiount i'i.;ou by 
Lae partiey to U (.u,a.^viUu t .. be p; i I <)y oao 'j! t-itS-; in ci.ac of 
breacii, /iiich is jireati^, or pora-i^L, ^rouuly, iri eiiceej ui l.^o 
•>iaifj:it^.-<j« ?*hi.cai nny /.ctually bo i.-.UxTere i fro,-,* ..u.ii a briiacJi, 
xhan tiie -auunt Li..Q i ia aol a lo be a x>9nslty, such :<:nount can not 
be rocovoro^ Tut osily tue ..cLul iaJsiits^eB oUlferyi. 



*1i.,e 7). Mptjci^ic :'orfor!anc;> may ba lefinet ao trie a;La,.l acco,-i^- 



t^o - iXX 11, 



Fa^rje 7:j, An In,;unGtii/. i.. . 



i^^.^uiri;!.' a party lo o ur roirain i ^ o. j loin; cjrl In r^cto. 

i:^a,,e 74. It hao been re^.e.xtQay :i..l i i-..au, ii' uiie Malicioubiy int-iw 

reru8 in a. contxact l:eliveen t vo pnrtioc- <;n 1 ia tucei: on* ol Lhc. to 



u •» 



• 



I 



o\mor or 



break tant contract to tuo injury of Uis otuor, l.uj party in.urod 
cm ».vilntain im acti'.).. artiinat the .vron.., iDur i"or i^intHiOB, 
KVje 77. "It ;.lif.ai be GOiicluaivoly j_jrc3u...oa tlut a land 
lanUor t or lua-jor iu able to control tiio leliyory oT ^ro lucts 
produced on iiiia lu.i.; Ijy tananta or utaern'*, 

ra^Q 'U. Th3 ct-ir:i:.rd .^ir'totinj act ooiitaln;^ ,. urovision Btutin- 
that ndyoci.itxorm or-;i,».iae.i taor-j un.:.or; ;..t.ll ba .Icjo-.Qd i.ot to be 
a connpirac/ nr.r ci combination i;i root;;.int oi.' l...'a;.o, r.or ,.ri 
ille^nl .lonoply^ Taiu Tar. of btatato aas boon onactal ii. „..ore cr 



lODa the ^:a.iC roi^i in 






±'a;.;o m .■:- 35. 3c'Ct. ..;.. Cla ,'ton ..ct 



• l.')l''I » picveuto iiajiolution 



or a ;riculx.ar;.a .'Ecuciati unn "inciti^utod Tor t;,u L>uj:jofleo of 
Eiutuul ;ieiij", "•i'-'t •i^^.vi-};:: coi>it:.:I stot;'.:" Jui-i "not con:ucte.. If 



prof-U." 






Capper - ^ulctcui ^ct - IJJi]* 



An uct to aut- ori;se ase .cir^ticn of ;;ro iucorc of M,;ricultuial 



proiuct:^'* , 



(ij One raan, one vole^ 



(^^} ruDt not j^uy aviicudu In u^.ccgo oi a^ per annwa^ 
l^o^c 86. (o) i,: -ly ca:.c t;.c; aCGoci :.,.tion :.i.JLl not .lual iiitUe 

* • 

01 u>n-ne.l:jri to -a ?^mount greater in value thm auch a 



j[^i»i.'0 t -4 c w .. 



8 



han 'Ic I by no .berr. 



i'cvje 16. 3ectior) G of t ha Ci ,ytcn ac;. ruioro oaly to nu?u;lock 'or^an- 
*:'.!.t io.'ic ;.io lu . L an ;iLbUv.i ition oi' ^,ro acer; ri(,r ,o.i .itii c.:ij^;ital : t(.ck 
woul i :ict CO eKtiUol Lg the hcAofiti: ln^i:^..£. It .,aw t-*u i;.tc.,U.on 
01' ooti.-reea t,a.it ti^e Ca ,pcr-\rol8lca i .ct t^hould exeunt Joupcr ,tiv.ia 
fro. ^''jJ.ural ..nti-rruot oi-atutc-o. 
i'.i,;e 92. i^ructice of cooixaiutivcu, to recoiv^i nutoo uf tiieir ..ie...borij 



•7- 



• 



1 



and to use the:a ':€. collatar-a in securing loans, 
Jfago 94, A3 a -.anerol rule, Miatever an inliviiual i.iay do In 
parson ha ntaj do tiii oii.,,!' -in .„.:o;'t, m tae doctrine is woU eetab- 
liohea tnat oae .^lo acts throuc^i ^n ^rjorst acto iiLuaulf. An a-ent 
dyrivou -ill lUc authority fror, hie ,,ri- :i :,^i - th? 



-^ f,. p p 



Tor vliorrie 



he i^ rrctins. In..orporo,te J, cooj^jr .tiv.^ a:....oci-tion like other 



^»*> .-,% 



a:^c ;;o 



cori..or-..Aicnij 



y ' ,1 ^ V,- 



11, i-ic i'or i.;-!0 -cte ui i>iieir ■x_,antB 
W liie such ajanlc ar« acLiaj 's-itnin tuu t'cou- of tuuir 



ij>Xoy n.cnt. 



icioQ 37. The phy;if^l •■To-ort / ■•f 



('Q*. :--,-^ 



orer rive 



c* » 



-'vCic^tlon Ig 



lia"blc Tor property ia;;-n -^a tno aaxn« btiois as ©i-dlar ^roporty 



"> o 



i-i^^e ^u, u;,,. xtv;d. otuck; 5,S tax on nri_l:v 1 iosue. 



pcje ;):) ^ loo. ^xe::^;'^ r. 



0.. iriConc i.u^i 



li . ;ei it^ji") nn 1 tiori' 



v; bers 



:.-.*c treata^l alike 5.r: :j;i>-;^ r- 1. oiii 'v '■^--iUm"'- ir i-^rw-A.-t -■ *-.> 
docjG .10 V cxcc^::.l Cvi and ir ioi'w> ^c^ .bon. u> riot .o noro thrtri hull of 
the bucimacosn 

i^a/;e loa - 109. r.iU'on:r-o ivi ?en In - rofu:.,k; or Bayinjn. Th.^ uim 
of u CQOpoxj,tiY3 .13 to or;er;.^c on . cost r. i.is, riviA: th.> nenbors 



o 



f t .Ki ; 



acoociation tJio ©eilia- prlc- 1g3o niiiricetinj Cv^eusct^ and 
otacr ;..uta'.iri.:o ^ l-j.lucM.,-)r. i:.,v /vantainln : r:ni devc/.:):>ln- tae 
t :: a oc 1 .. I i •,:, ; • , 

i^ajo 105 •:: 107. A ce .-tific-, 13 ox iii.'eblo ticoc uc tUj tar;a .iUC:;eGte, 
1:j u .vrittjn .icknoiafi lyai^:^t hy %-\i ir,niii'.i ; .,aco.-i: tiu V:-ii it is' 
inlQl)tcd ■•or Lh; luuunt ;:;t:;,ita l to tiio ,;.;rBon na' la i ttior ;in. 

t;..'j.t 

if a c-o'j;: .:i- tlvo ,:ir.no,;i -.ti-.n ij; for ,ed i;i ouo L-:lutQ 
ai-itora iato a iriarkctinj -ontiact /it.;; , r;^ r..!C8ri-3 i?. another :jtat3, 
an.i the ^jro lucto cavorel by tho contracts on lolivery to the 



i-'i, ;'j IDl, 






J '^ 



s 



aoBociation out of tiio otafc-j on iiicii ,,romi, tiuM it appears oloar 

that tn :suaoci;.-.tiu.^ ;uui i aot 'o-j ro^uii'j.i lu cu-iply .7itu the laws 
of tlui statv5 .vitii i-oj^^ccr. to foraitjn coxvui-c.tions. 
i'at;o 113, /wi <,i;^uociu^ioa .ua/ Jx'iig imit for isjuuv^nv of •.ki.Jivioa 
cauao.l to/ a tliir 1 per.-oa an I .iuy bria^^ juit .., ,sainat oae xor broach 
oi; (;oi tract. An aB'oucijtij i o'loul i b.i iHuluao oxco jtioiie In ita 

aHSoni-tion ."run jc^ri'or lin,; ion .:unt: .jota. 



« 



iJage li2. 



UtanoLir^;u^\,iu<j.l ;A8Qooiu.i.iuii 



bo ij of p'irdun3 actirig 



to»:«Jtii^ 



• * » 



'i-» 






,vi.^iij.ic a chartox- but o..ia,o/iii_ t( 



»»/ yJt- 



jr cater or less 



extarib tw: for::; :.ni Mothod'?^ u:.e:l by i/icor ;or.,ite 1 1:^0 J. os for t> 



le 



f » 1 



^j* *- y »-* Vi» w U V -ill U , i kJ^ \>* w. V J U ;J ; O V * i 



i^ i or \!.i:l^. :i 



-^ ux. 






Liability 






i:an^b :3ua or .lol i pro^.H.rty in ito 



uv^i na,.;iQ 



lioU.dly ror...ie>I .^.i c ^ jon-la;/ rifjiit o£ sunlj^ixct^ 



Pa-e 114, Mf:.Jt)rity contruii: Ji.en ,'^^^i; 



b.i^ju^j llixnji; Jur vvalcii 



or^jaaijcsaj otn jr /lui itnaul iou.:. cjiioont i.. iiOc-3. ..ary. ^^onoy ;^ot 



be u;^6 1 roc jur .0 



UU o.jOGXxXO i#