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U\,VUcy 



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THE v/ 

MONTHLY REVIEW; 

O R, 

LITERARY JOURNAL: 

From December 1773, to July 1774. 

WITH 

AN APPENDIX 

Containing the Foreign Literaturx. 

Bt several hands. 

V O L U M E L. 




LONDON: 

Printed for R. Griffiths: 

And Sold by T. Bicket, Corner of the Adelphi, in tke Stniid. 
AlyDCCjLXXIT. 



•r * 



T A fi I. E 

TO THE 

TiTLRs, AutHOits Na^*K8, &iii df ihft fejt?d«ui 
and pAMi*Hi4&T8. contained in this Volttme. 

K. B. Fdr ktitARKABM ]^AS8AeA9i fte the I NO E 2C| 

at the End qf the Volume. 

■' • "1 I I rn iin'i ■■ -iiMiiiMt h I'l iti Ti fit -rfifr- '['if Wif rmifi rrt-* 
BR,ITl$It FaBLICATXarfS. 

^\ For Uie Contents of t)ie I^ORiiclr arddeii fed th^ U& pi^j^d dT 

UusTiUc. 

aBauzit's MiroflUiniet tran- 1>Ai<ti8iA« SeeF^KACtiQ^ii* 

"• tettdi Page 3fc *^ BAa&bW's Bng* Peeflgfj ;t5oi 

ABsTEAfiT of the H^hway^Aa!; Pa^te^s TraoAfetien 0i the PepHiM* 

tii teodiy lOJB 

Achilles in Petticoats, 74 Batt^a^ji's El^menis ^f i^icera- 

AccotrvT of the Afiur between tare abridged, ir^ 

Teaipkaad Whately, 6:f fiaTT^Ly's Antiifoides ^ Rid^ 

of the Sute of ReltgioQ borougb« te« traaflated^ j i i 



in Laodod* ^^ ^jatsoj^ dn the divine Chatader 

AavANTACBsof Misfortune, 483 ofClkift, ftf 

AiasandChorafibuLtheSylphi, BaLL'sBdit«.of5hake%ieafeb 144 

15^ -—*- Letter to Bowman, aj© 

Alar hi fdr Illuftrious EleOors^ij} BaltDOB's Eflay on theBldoc f , 392 

Allen's American Crifis, 524 > Tbcoiy of HoAan 6caia- 

All EYSre on the Degrees of hiUl'- tions, ih^ 

riage, 2if BaiiNAao*s Letters m Aaseiioa* 

Appeal to the Poblic, 224 41^ 

AiiBaiCA Vittdicaied, 3^c Bollan's Petition, 133 

AMNER.on;heInAitutioas6f€hni- BbvaN^s Reai..^ Jalobi 49^ 

tianity, 1 59 Brief R^je# oi the Rife, Ac. or 

AaoREws^s Hiftory of Deaiiari, New England^ 324 

427 British ftogtaffay^ t6i 

A«s#ER to Confideratione on Ca- BROMPiELD'iChirurgicalObf.394 

rolina, 486 Bao o a E's Juliet O^mlle, if 

Arcana, or Principles of Ae Pe- Bryant's newSyftem; or Ana- 

tidoners, 236 lyfis of Aapcieot Mylhobgy • 46$ 

Art of Joking* '220 BaucKSRAWontheAbafe^iy^ui- 

Assignation, 254 bonfai^ ^ti 

Attempt lb ftate 4be Argomeois Xurmam's Lives of Aihmola and 

b^tareen ihe Church and DiiTen'* Lillys new Edit, 168 

lers« 414 BvTTBRontbeKiokco«|gh> 45 

A a ^ 



IV 



CONTENTS 9f 



a 

r^AMOEN, Lord. See Discus* 

SfO»7« 

Canterbury Palriot, 



Carlisle, 6p. of» htsCottfidera 
"" dons on Subfcriptioa to Articles 

of Faith. $5 

Caspar's Edition of ApoUonius's 

Lcxioon Homericum, - 153 
Casselle' French Grammar, 22$ 

CAVBOfMOfATV 481 

Chains of Slavery, 491 

Cbm ic|tV fdi^iOn of N4ig^m'« 

French Didionary, . 68 

Chesterfield, Lord, his Letters 

tohisSoa, - ZfS, 359t 45^ 
Chetwynd on Fines, 
Christmas T^e^ - ^ t - 
Chronicles.* See Two. 
Chronological Table of E- 

venti, 220 

Ci R c u I T of Human Life, 226 
Clarendon's State Papers, 21. 

Concluded, 136 

Clear Difplay of theTrinity, 33 1 
CoDRUs, aTragedf, 409 

Colonies, TraSs relating to, 1 57, 

270, 324, 3*S»3^>»4'*»4«5 
Colonizing, 5cc. ^24 

CoLLE-CTiON of Letters and E&ys 
in Favour of Liberty, 493 

Companion in a Poft-Chaife, 69 
Considerations on the Impofi- 
tion of 4I per Cent* at Grana^ 
da, ib^ 

. OR Snblcriptioiis 

totheArtidesy ^c 170 

■ on the American 

Meafarety &c* 381 

^ ■ on South Caro- 

lina, . 208 

Conway's Depopulated Vate, 484 
Cooka^s Way to the Tempk of 
Honour, 223 

CORRE8PON0BNCB, 8o, I39, 334, 
▲16, 504 

CowpER on Reaibo ana Revela- 
tion, .331 

Crawford's Sophronia and Hi'- 
lario, 407 

Critic A L Inquiry concerning the 
GoldAa, . 49S 



Cruys's Enquiries concerning the 
Septuagint Vetfion, 330 

CuMBfcRtAND. SceNoTtf. 

2247CuRS0Rr Refle^ibns on fmgle 



Combat, 



It 



D. 
T^NlMark. See Andrews. 

Description of England and 

. Wales, . 225 

Detail of the EIlabliflimeAt at 

Paris in lavoorof drowned Per- 

foos, 150 

DiuttoT's Ad«Hce to, the Peopje^ . 

154 

Dis^cussiON of Lord Camden's 

Qpipionr^<c> . 22^ 

328 Divine Predidions of Daniel and 

.7^- - JohUr&c... . . 344 

Downman's Infancy, a Poem, 482 

Drowning. See Detail. 

Desiderata CurioiaHibern. 93 

Duif as on Suicide, 150 

Du« K I N *s Poetical Works, 35^ 

E, 
CAcHARD'sWork8,newEdit. 141 
Easy Way to.jprolong Life, 75 
Elegiac EpilUe from I^Kiy Coo- 
per, 232 
El eg y on the Fears of Death, 3 1 ; 
Ellis's hiHorical Account of Cof- 
fee,-. 497 
Elsefair and Evander, a Poem, 

516 
Essay on Ele^icity, 409 

Essays on a national Bank in Ire- 
land, 493 
Estate Orators, 316 
ENCYX)LaPieojA Bricannica, 301 
Epistle from Banks toOberea, 70 
£vanson\ Three Difcouries, 62 
Evnomus ; or, Dialogues on the 
Conftit. of England, 338, 449 
F. 
.pAiR Philofopher, . 294 
Faith, a Poem, 232 
Fa MILLAR Epiftle 10 the Aathor 
cf the Heroic Epiftic, 3 1 7 
■ ■■ . .J Letters by Lady Mot- 
ley, &c, 499 
Farmer's Lawy^, 182 
Farringoon HiU, 484 
Fashionable Daughter, 234 

f AVAL 



ihi ENGLISH BOOKS- 



Fatal AflTcAion, 234. 

FsLi/s Poem Oh the Times 4S4 
Female Artifice, i;;5 

FiAG&tLATiON for an Apoche* 
cary, 7'2* 

Ford ycE on Fevers, 42 

Ft)RTtJN1B TELLER, a Novel, 326 

PfiApMENT of a Letter ro an or* 
• thodox Clergyman, 77 

F» A NK LI N'sScimon for the Benefit 

of fm all Debtors, 415 

Friend ; or, F.flays ice, 320 

2— of Humanky, ijt- 

Friendly Fhy^ieiaii, 403 

G. 

/^Awhold^s Martyrdom of #g^ 

natius, a Tragedy, 48^ 

Gamesters, a Foem. " 314 

G iORCETTi*»Tranflauont)fG«>y's 

Fables, 231 

Glas9«^s Srnnon before die Ma- 

rine Society, 41; 

Glover's Speech, 487 

GoL DSM I T u*8 Reuliilti<ni, a Poem, 

-, Poem oil his Deaths 



406. See HAwfefi. 1 

Goocm's Appendix to kit Med. 

and<Chtrur. Obf. 403 

Grammarian*s Vade-mecum, 

498 
Gmgor Y^s Letter to bis Daugh- 
ters, 268 
H. 
ItAggbriton*s Remtrks on 
*^ Graham''s Sermon, 329 
Ha mutton's Itaiian School for 
Painting, 24 r 

■ Ledores tii Natural 
Phil«(bphy^ ^ 499 

Hakbury's Body of Gardening, 

&c. 1 

' H A R M NCTOw's Scfeoce improved, 

229 
HsK wooD'sTranil. of Abauzit, 375 

■ Edit, of CatullMS, &c. 

483 
Hawes's Account of Goldfmith^i 

lllnefs, « 404 

IleiDLEBCRC Catechifm, 7; 

Henoersok's Letter to the Ss(kop 

ofChefter, 412 

Henry and Emma, 409 



Henry's Hifl, «f Great Britain, 

Vol. H, i^s 

Hero and Leander from tbeGreetc' 

of Muljeus, 483 

Heroic Poftfcrlpt, 154 

Hill's Vegetable Syf!cm, VoL 

XXIIL 70 

HiST-oRY of a Gentleman cviel 

of Heats in his Face, 72^ 

■ of Lord Stanton, 1 75, 327 

HoRNc's Efliiyson Iron and StedL, 

■■ Letter to Sir FletcBer Nor- 

ton, 1^7 

HoTHAM on the Ead Jadta Coai* 
• pany, trfS^ 

Hu<3HEs's EpifHe to Juniin, <^ 
H u ll's Henry the Second, *i 22 
I. 

J Ay's Letter to the UttiverikTe^^ 

Jbbb's Contin«atioiior4its Narra^ 
tive, 74 

Jefferson's Poems, 316 

JeNHB4t*5Louifa, a Tale, 309 
Indies, Eait, .Pamphlets relating 
to, ^5, 492 

iNFi^NTs, See Treatise. 
Jnflexible Captive, a Tragedy, 

Inquiry into the Titles conlerrdl 
at Portfmouih, 67 

Irenarch, 1S4 

Johnson's Mifcellan. Pieces, 147 
Jones's Io Triads, 3^ 

Journal of Capr. Phipps's Voy- 
age towards the North Pole, 1 57 
Journey to London, 23J 

ivER Y*s Hertfordfliire Melody, 77 
Julia, a poetical Romance, 23s 
Juliet Grcnville, 15 

Ju sTicE and Utility of Penal Laws 
for the Diredion of Confcience, 

2f4 

JuvENALiiro, a Satiie, 232 

tr Ames's Sketches of the Hi*. 
•^ of Man, 436 

■ Kennedy's Dilcnflion of impor^ 

tants Points in Chronology, 496 
Ken rick's Intrododlioa to the 

School of Shai<efpeare, 2 1 S 

KlJ^KCOVOlf. 



CONTEKtS 9f^ 



&»NKCOuGH« Sec Butter. 
KiKafMAH o^ Mahomet, f i 

JL* 

LA Cloche de L*Ame» a S^tke, 
316 
LAURAOAls^sMemorial, 15 S 
La,yard*9 Poem on Charky, 70 
I>etAND*$ Hiftft of Ifclaodi con- 
cluded, 48 
LfrTTERto the Reriewrew concern- 
ing the Altercation between Dr« 
Fotbergill and l>tk Leeds, 7S 

• f lom a Father to hisDjM>gh- 

to theBp4 of Landaff't 23; 

> to a Layfliati, 237 

to Gov* Powoal, 3?2 

to Dr. Hawkefworth, 4 1 1 

• toDr.TuckefiQaAi^tlcaf 

1 ■ ■! ■ ■ to Lord North, 48^ 

liETTERs of Gov. HiTtchinfon, &c« 

* ■ by John HiigheSf Ac* 

V6t.iir. 224 

. ' ■ ! ■ to Men ofReafon, 411 

Liberty of the Prels coniidered» 

LiKDSBY*s Apology, 56, too 
> ■ Farewell Addrefs to his 
Pariihioners, 159 




• Book of Com. Prayer,5O0 
Lit rr a It y Uberty coniidetod, 413 
Loose Hints 00 Nonconformity, 

237 
Love, Friendfliip^ and Charity, a 
Poem» 483 

M. 
"A/T Acgowa N*t Socintanifm 
^^ brought to the Tcft, 76 

Macicekzir*s Maritime Sorv^- 
ing, 500 

RiIaclurgS Exp. on the Bile, 401 
Man of Bei<incfs#a Coinedy^ 205 
Marriage. SeeREPLRCTiONS. 
Marshall's Arhhnietit, 322 
Mauitu it's View of the Hill, of 
M^flachufeet'sBay, 486 

* Letters. See Lbttirs. 

Ma w hood's Appeal to the Pub- 
lic, -^11 
*^ ■ Letter to the Solicitor 
General^ 499 



Maxims for playicig tlie tiaidftof 
whid, 22a 

Medico Maftix, a Poem, 314 
Melmoth's Poem on Goldfmith^s 
Death, 406 

MaM0i«ivOf a Gentleman in in«- 
dia, 71 

Mirror for Inoculatdr*^ ib. 

Miscellaneous and Fugitive 
Pieces, by Johnfon, &c. 1 47 
Modern Pariih Ofljcer, 226 

MordecaTs Apology for embra- 
cing Lhriftianit/y Letters If. llfrf 
and IV. 86 

MOrb's SearGhaftierHappioef6,i5$ 

Inflexible Captive, 24J 

Morel's E/cbyluit Fromthemi 
C^thntSy 326 

Muse in a Fright, 316 

Morrison on the Advantages of 
an Alliance with the Mogul, 492 
N. 
Y^AuTiOAi Almanac foTi775,69 
Newton's Appendix, 331 
News- PAPER Weddipg, 327 

Not b of Hand 1 oir; Trip to New- 
market, 1 96 
Notes on Broa£eld's Chimr, Obf. 
' 402 
Nvcent. SeeCHBRisRi 
Nuptial Elegies, %yt 

O* 

r\BsBRYATiON$ on thePowcr of 

CUmate over the Policy, &c. 

of Nations, 25 f 

■ " on the Diicovrfes at 

the Royal Academy, 297 

Ode to Lord Northampton, i^$ 

Old Heads on young Shoulders, 

Oliye r 'sScourge toCalumny, 237^ 
Opinions conctrotag the Univer- 
iity of Oxfo#d, 22<2 

Orig iNAL Poems and Tranflatiom 
by a Lady, 70 

Orphan Swains, a Novel, 327 
Orton's Chriftian Zed, 2)9 
Otahbitb, aPoem^ 310 

P. 
pA)*LADXUfl and Irene^ 74 

PARKiNsoN'sJoumali^a Voy- 
age to the Sooth Seas in ^e En- 
deavour, 410 
% Parhy^s 



^ ENQLISH BOOKS, 



vS 



PA^ilY't At^pt IP dcmonftratf 

the Mefliahihipy 6 

I^ASTORALBalUd, in 4 Parts, 484 
Patr6n» a Satire, 512 

Peacb, aPocip»^ 484 

pBRjuitYy aSatirCy ib. 

Pb vton's French Tutor, zf% 
FniLosoPMicAL TraoialUo9«i 

Vol.LXlL a8, 380 

. Vol LXIU* Part i, 351, 47$ 

Phipps, C«pt. his ]oarpal, 157 

Plan to recoocila Great firiuin 

and her Colooicsj 48c 

Poems by Fenton, |4ci 

ii ' by Jerniogham, ib. 

** " by Anonymous, • 4^4 
PQi.iTE Pxao^tpf) ^»J| 

Polish Partitioo, 233 

Political Difqmftiony, tog 
Practical Pifcourfes on Bap« 

dfm, 198 

F«r«atL8Ton gi?Hig tht Lord's' 

Supper to ChHc)reo, 503 

Pr/ce*s additional Preface to M 
.,App^ 4941 

Principles of Trade, 490 

Procbboings dn the Title of 

Vifcount Valcntii $^ 

Pa.ocRBs« of GalUfitryA 314 

R. 
rational Self-l<e(rt, 218 

* ■' Chf iilian'i Affiibnt, 

258 
>A WL I n's S<rj», cm C^, Mufic, 78 
ItartR CTioiTf on the Eiton com*- 

mitted, in both Sexes, before ahd 

nfter Marriages 320 

rr rPnthcUwpfA/ICftV 

$04 

BiPoaT of the Lords GonButtces^ 

Sec on Maflachafett*s Bay, 492 

RiccAltovn's Works, 50J 

iicHARD Planti^en^ HI 

i<;iiT of theBrioOiii^giilatuieia 
tax the Americans, 270 

RoaiRS*s Choice, a Poem, 314 
Roman Hift. In aSeries of Letters, 

409 

RowLBT on the Eyes, 73 

Royal Cook, 327 

RuDDiMAN'sIntrodud. to Ander- 

Ion's Diplomau Scotise, 312 



20X 

326 

J30 



RvTTvVNati^ral fliftoryof the 
County of Dublin, 81 

S, 

CAuNDBRS on Antimony, 73 
School for Wives, a Com« 34 

■ for Hufbands, a Novel, 327 
Scott's Two Sermons* 76 

■ Lyik Poems, . .201 
Seaman's uieful Friend* aaf 
Seasons, a Poem* ^ 578 
Sx^iovs Confidq^um on fome 

remarkable Pai&gcs in Brom- 

field's Stttpeiy,' . 40a 

Sermoms, angle, 160,. 239, 333. 

416 
Sb th o wa, aTiag e dy, 
S^AappnDoelliogr, 
Sm e-XHam> Englilh Gram. 
South BHton, a Comedy, 
South's Cafe of 0aelling, 
Stewart's Two Englilh Gen'tfc- 

^en,-e Comedy, \^.^ 

St. Thomas's Mouqt, a Poem, ji r 
Stange^'s Guide to Bath, 69 
^iai^ASios of the Evid^9ce, ^c^ 

and Glover*s Speech, 487 

3»r{ite«N^»Hff^. of Yarmotithr 69 

t: 

'T'Oulmin's Two JLetttrs on the 

Diflentera* Apfrf^eatioa to Par- 

liamtm, 23^ 

Ti^ATisB on th^ Diieafes of Io« 

„,|an««» 4W 

T^EiTORi£if*sPir^ipi|ary pf Fr^ 

Idioms, 323 

Trimi-p», Difflayof, • 53 s. 
TaiNKBT, 327 

TstvE Natttit of Religion, &ft 4 1 4 
Xjucker, Uean, hisTra£l$, .127 
*■ t on reli^. lotolelMKe, foa 
"■ on the Diffieeltivs afiendr 

ing the Trinitarian, Arian, an4 

Semico $]tfteiQs, s^% 

Tuck BE, Mr. his Mirmuiliam^ ^ 

PoeiP, 371 

*TwAa Right ta Marry him, 23 i 
Two Chapters x>f the laft Book ot 
.* Chronicles, 487 

v» 
X^An Swibtbm on Inoculation, 

Venn's MiAakes in Religion ex« 
pofcd, 319 

VlBYRA'f 



ua CONTENTS y"/;5/ Foreign ARVictBy. 



ViETK a's Portugucie and EnglHh* 

' Diftionary, 5I9 

U»fviiisAL Dr^Hbiunr, 151 

W. 

^IJAddimctok on the Longi- 

tude» 230 

Wal l 1 5*5 P^cijttf y, 484 

WAi^KEn'sPIao of a Prooooncing 

Eng^ Did. 548 

Warner on the Eye, 47 

Wab-TOn'sHiII. of Eiiglifh Poetry, 

^ 289, 418 

WirjMTEt.T and Temple. Sec 

Account. 



Wi e I. A N t>\ Hfft. of Agaehoo trarr- 

flated, 176 

Wilson's Obfenraiions on Lrghi- 

nijig, &c. 586 

WjtTON** Review of the Church 

• Article'^ 384 

Winter Mcdfc/, 322 

WoLLASTONr*8 Qoefiei relating to 

the Common Prayer, 4 1 4 

Wr I GHT^'sGracious Warning, 232. 

WyNN'i Seaf©ns, ic6 

y. 

^Ovnc Surgeon's Didtlonary,. 

405 



CONTENTS of the FOREIGN ARTICLES, 
^ m the APPENDIX to this Volume;. and in thcRc-. 
WW for Febr u ary. 



AIWbcr to Country People. See 

JkM9t.M,of*ivu SeeCAty^AB* 

B. 
MavttavtU Clrmenty of Literahirt- 
abridged (Riv, FtLJ 154 

lk»TKOUi>*ftTtearifeon SeaCiocki, 5^7 

C 

CAir»A^i TraTelt, ^ 534 

Cas>ar*'8 Edit, of Apolfenias's Lezicoo 

• Mbmerkofli fRev, Fils) • 153 

€kmuMMT*% Fourth Letter torVoluire, 

D. 
DTTon*! Littiitj Anufements,' 51^ 
' UlLvc on- thc'AtmorpIiere, coado^, 

IUktai t of tf^'c Soccert of the Bftabliift.' 

nient at Paris in favour of drowsed 

Ftff|»ot (Rev. Feb*) 150 

]h9«L0T^t Advice to the People (Rev, 

' JM.} ^54 

DvitAt oi>4oictde (Rev* Feb.) 150 

Ito T B Kt* ExptanatiQiiit of Greek and Phe^i. 

BiciBa Medals. 571 

' E. 

KtSMBMA d*H4ft«he. See Mti 1 ot. 

F. . . 
f BBitCM Lady*t Tour to London, 5S4 
jAft£V» of Humanity (Rtv.Fe^) 159 

G. 
CzvECTK, M. de^ his ancient World 
' a«aij£cd» 305 



H. 
MftToar «f the Ro3f«l Acadeny ^ 
Sciences at Paris for 1770, 54.4. 

^ Cenerai. SccMillot. 

liTOiiAd* In^hilterra. Sec Marti* 

MELLft. 

Lbttkr from PekiO| on the Cbi«ffe 

Language ao4 Writingi, 5S41 

bOTZBA d^r Avocato FruffabirBe, &c. 

iU. 
Ii*£vAKC 11^ dolour. Sec VazTAtBt* 

Mar IKK Clocks. SeeBxtTNovn. 
MARTiMXLi,i*tHift. of fngland^ 5!^ 
M e s Voyages. See ^a» b a . 
Ml BiaT*t Elements of General Hifiory. 

Pan II. 5J5 

MoMDBPriffliiif. SecDcGzBBiiK* 

T. 
Trx tt Agea of Ftcnch Literature, 579 

V. 
VeLtAiBB*s Filigoenit relating to In- 

dif» tit, 52s 

-^ Gofpa.ef the Day, VoL X; 

■ , — White BuH*, 5^4 

*■ ■ ■ ■ ., ClnmeniH FouHh Letter 

to, ; 575 

VoTACi d*une Frao^ife \ Londrca, 5S4 

Univibsal Di^. *Mcdiu|ji &c. ^Re^^ 

Feb.) ua 



THE 



THE 

MONTHLY REVIEW, 

For JANUARY, 1774. 



Art. L a cmpUti Body ff?Umting and GMnliking. Containing th^' 
Natural Hiftory, Culture, «nd Management, of Deciduous and 
£Yergreen Foreft Trees, with pradBcal Dirediofts .for ratfing and 
in^ipving Woods, Nurferies, Seminaries, and Plantations ; and 
the Method of propagating and improving the various Kinds of 
deciduoQs and evergreen Shrubs and Trees, proper for Ornament 
and Shade* Alfo Jbflrudions for laying out and difpoiing of Plea- 
furc and Flower Gardens ; including the Culture of Prize Flowers, 

* Perenxrials, Aiinuals, Biennials, Zee, Likewife plain and fatniliar 
Rules for the Management of the Kitchen Garden ; comprehend- 
ing the neweft and beft Method^ of raifing all its difierencProduc* 
eions* To which is added, the* Manner of planting and cultivating 
Fruit Gardens and Orchards. The Whole forming a complete 
Hiilory of Timber Trees, whjcther raifed in Forefts, PJantationsy 
or Nurferies ; as well as a general Syilem of the prefent PraAice 
of Flower, Fruit, and Kitchen Gardens. By the Rev. William 
Hanbury, A. M. Re<^or of Church-Langcon in LeiceAerfhtre. 
Folio. 2 Vols. 4K4S. Dilly. 

EVERY perfoQ who has heard of Mr. Hanbury *s extraor« 
dinary plantations at Church* Langton, and of his clofe 
cuicivation of them ever fince the year 1 753, will concHide that 
the extenfive experience of near 20 }'ears, built, too, on the ex« 
perience of former writers, mud be very fufficient to recommend 
a fyftem of planting and gardening from this Gentleman's pen. 

Thck, pofiefflion of knowledge, however, and an happy talent 
jof communUating knowledge, are qus^ificationg feldom united 
ill the fame perfon ;- nor is it altogether eafy to determine from 
which of them, ftparauly^ a reader would chu(h to accept, with 
^4firefu$y a treatife upon any fubje£l. From the one we may 
recciife even little information with much fatisfadtion ^ while 
any improvement extraSed from the other, is obtained with la- ' 
hour, and perhaps, too, even with dtjguft. 

VoL.L, B The 



2 Hanbury 'i inrnpUu Body of Planting and Gardening. 

^ Tb« Ungutge of botany, tfi wbalef>er form, is not very iti^ 
viting to general readers ; and thougb it does not appear fuf- 
ceptible of any advantages beyond perlpicuicy and brevity, yet 
where thefe are wanting, cvtti the profefled botanift (thougb no 
poet) may be allowed to knit his brows. Method, indeed, is 
of much more importance than ftyle, in a body of gardening \ 
yet when a clergyman, who mtm, in courfe, be fuppofed a 
own of letters, becomes our inAru^lor, we expe£t gqod lan- 
guage ; free, at leaft, from that obfcurity, or unneceflary ver- 
bufity, into which uneducated writers are apt to fall. We are 
ibrry, however, to obferve, 4hat the merit of th'is work is ra- 
ther derived from the tiller of grouad^ tham from the eulthatar 
of learning. Defe&s of this kind, might pafs unnoticed in an 
1U.LIS ; but they can hardly be excufied in aji HanBury. 

We do notexpe£t that a cenfure of this kind will be very, 
cordially received by Mr. H. himfelf; but, furely, he who 
pafles fo coDfidenti to harlh^ and fe ii^difcriminate a cenfure «i^ 
all vfriters who h^ve gone before him in the £une walk, can 
ifiever ohjt€t to the unreferved expmflb>n of, our rm/ optnkm of 
his performance. IThc fecond paragraph in his pre&ce is coo*, 
ceived in the foHowing etnpbatic terms : 

* Numbers pf books have been written within thefe far 
years on different parts of planttog, botany, or gardening; alt 
of which are extremely deredive, their plan of execution being 
both unnatural and abfuri.^ 

i>r. Jf^nfon Ihrewdly obferves, in the preface to bis edition , 
of Shakctpeare, ^ tbat great part of the labour of every writer, 
is only the deftni£Hon of thofe that went before him ;' and that 
^ the firft care of the builder of. a ilew fjrftem, is to demoltfli 
the fabrics whic)i are ftanding/ Where a new builder deter- 
mines to ered an edifice on pre-occtipied ground, he muft un- 
doubtedly overturn whatever ftands in his way, without diftinc- 
tion ; and then he has nothing to do but to begin his intended 
foundation, and convert the old matertals and rubbifli to his 
own ufe. This is exa&ly the conduA which Mr. HaDbury has 
adopted. Propofing to write a voluminous body of gardening, 
it was firft neceflary to prejudice the Public againft every 
thing lately done of that kind, as the produ^ons of fools, or 
madmen. This he attempts to efiedl in a very fummary man- 
ner, by fuch confident afTertions as that above quoted.r The 
proofs are next to be attended to. 

We entirely agree with Mr. Hanbury, tbat * to treat tbo 
plants as they ftand arranged in the different claffes of the 
fcience, is certainly a good method for a treatift fotely on bo- 
tany, but (hould l^ no means be adopted in a book on garden- 
ing, where the unlearned bat ufeful gardener would be puzzled 
to find out the forts for bis purpofe, anong the bard names^ 

titkS) 



tiiles, cUileS) aod techotc^ termA of thf fciclicte/ Having cotw* 
demi^ the bottntcal ampg;fm)cn^ of (he articles^ in a treaufe 
pf pra^cal gardeiiiog» be proems (a cenfure a writer who 
lias Uoiled thecn according to file feafons^ as tbey rife in the 
courfe of the year ; a method not .ill calculated however for uh^ 
karmd gardeoors. But it is the alpJmintic^l form which Mr. Han- 
b#!rj chKfly aiais to dificredit^ for a r^fbn not very difficult to 
difcover. * Another performance, fays be, hag appeared under 
the form of fi didionary i though nothing can be iliore tnjudi# 
cious ihMB to oiosipole a book of this nature didiooary wile: 
for to arrai^ the various genera, fo widely drfierent in their 
natures, .in an alphabetical order, is very bad ; but to continue 
idl tb^ Ipeciea, of what kind foever, under their refpe&ive ge« 
nera, nrnft be ftill worTe. One fpecies of a genus may, per-« 
tape, be an annual, the next a perennial, a third a tree, and 
the ^rth an ufeful efculeat for the table : this perhaps may 
, fequir^ the heat of a (bve ; that perhaps be hardy enough for 
tb^ coldfift fituations ; while another may demand the moderate 
^rniedion of a green^bouie, or thrive very well abroad under a. 
warm wall.* 

AH tbefe oljefHons may be admitted, and yet the alpbabeti- 
cri arrangement, neverthelefa, remain the cleared both to the 
talelligcntand the isnorant} having, as in Miller's Di£tiodary, 
the ^rk above alluded to, an Engliih index of popular names, 
referring ^ the botanical denominations under which the arti<« 
cles may be found : fome trouble is undoubtedly caufed by this 
double fearch, but it will daily decreafe in proportion as the 
seader improves 'in hb knowledge of botanical arrangement ^ 
which he will infenfibly do by confulthig the articles. To this 
indeed might be added, a green^houfe index, and an hot^boufe 
index, far the ready turning to articles in the di£lionary, which 
v«qi|ire thofe kinds of forced cultivatioOf with Indexes of other 
kinds for particular purpofes. Thus the whole botanical fyftem 
being digefted utidf^ em aiphaistf no perfonwith the afflftance 
pf fuch proper indexes, could be at a lofs for atiiy things if he 
knows what he is feeking for, either ixl botanical Latin or com* 
iBQn £nglim4 

It remains now to examine hew far Mr. Hanbtrry V plan ia 
cakulated to guard againft the ofajedioas which he has made to 
the plans of ddter writers. 

The whole fubjedl is divided into fix books ; arid the dtftrt^ 
bution is as follows : 
Sookl. After an introdufiion to botany^ accortiirfg to the 

Limisean fyftem, this firft book treau of the cblcure of forcft 

trees, und^ the fobdivifiont of deciduous, aquatic^ and ever** 

green* 

Bp Bo>Sc 



4 Htnbury V cBmpUit Bntt tf PhM^ng and Gardimng\ 

Book II. Principles for defign in gardening, for the tiianage<- 
n^ent of the (eminary wd nurfcryj^and for grafting, budding* 
layering, &C. culture of hardy, deciduous, foreign trees ai^l 
fbrubs, proper for the wildernefe, hardy evergreen trees and 
ihrubs, and climbers. 
Book IIL Treats of perennial flowers, under the fubdivifiont 
of prize flowers, and hardy flowers in general. This con« 
dudes the Arft volume. 
Book IV. Of annuals and biennials in general; the green* 

*hou&, and green-houfe plants, ftove, and ftove plants. 
Book V. Of the kitchen garden in general, the dofirine of 

hot beds, &c. with the management x>f low forts of fruit* 
Book VI. The culture and managetijent of orchards, fruit 
* trees, and fruit. 

Notwithftanding Mr. Hanbury found To much confufion in 
the didtonary form, and notwithftanding this digeft may appear 
fo unexceptionable to the Author, yet tfaefe fix divifions, with 
their fubdivifions, under each of which the articles are ranged 
in feparate alphabets, as fo maoy^fmall didionarics, a^uallji 
perplex the unity of the fubje<9, and introduce more confufion 
than they were contrived to avoid. In a profefled body of 
planting and gardening, why are ufeful grain, edible roots, 
flowers merely for fight, ufelefs or noxious weeds, all to be af* - 
(bciated together, under the clafies of perennial^ and annual 
FLOWERS i When this jumble occurs under an improved ar- 
raugement^ why not accept Miller's jumble, with the advan- 
tage of having the whole under cm alphabet i Duck^s meat^ for 
tnftar.ce, though intitled to a place among aquatic plants, in a 
treatife of botany, or an herbal, has furely no bufinefs in a 
treatife of planting and gardening, under the dafs of perntnial 
fiowert^ where -no ihftru&ons are given for cultivating themt 
and where no one wiibcs for the knowledge. As* little pro* 
priety is obfenred in ranking a fpecies of the parfnep in the 
fame department, among flowers ! The feveral kinds of marjo- 
ram, are fcattered about under the chfles, Perennial finmrs^ 
Annual Jlowers^ Greenim^Je. plants, and the Kitchen^garden* Ane* 
monies are divided into two chapters, xxudtv Prize fliAven^ and 
Perennial flowers ; the at butu«, or ftrawberry trse, is a title to 
be found under the divi&oas of Evergreen trees, and again under 
Perennial fiswersy and the pine apple, with its cultivation, will 
be feen under the clals of ftove plants, and in the Kitchen gar* 
den, among the low fruits. Walnut trees appear three times, 
firft as timber trees, fecondly as ornamental trees for.Ibade^ 
and thirdly as fruit trees. Thus articles are multiplied, to pre- 
vent confuCon ^ though fo many chapters under the fame head 
titles, in diftcrent divtiions of the woric, muft confufe and mi4qad 

3 *. every 



H^hlnirjr'i compUu S^ tfPJanttng and Gurdmng^ 5 

<very Tcader who has not the botanical diftindions at lixs fin- 
gers ends ; when he has, he will prefer coUeding all the fpe* 
cies under their proper genera* 

If Mr; Hanbury*8 method and dMpofition, m bis work, is not. 
fo clear as might be expefied after his liberal and repeated 
charges of abfunlity heaped ufion other horticultural writers^ in 
bis preface, his language and ft]rie have as little claim to the 
Critic's approbation. For this the very tide may be appealed 
to \ ^nd (not to repeat here, whac we have frequently obferved^ 
of the cfnontery of thofe authors who dare to recommend their 
own productions as compbat) a nu>re confufed, long-winded 
enumeration of particulars, extended by and^ wiibj alfoy /»-. 
tluding^ h'invi/e, compnbinding^ and other copulatives, is feldom 
ieen : a farther fpedmen, or two may be given, to (hew that 
this cenfare is not ill founded. The chapter upon the vifcum or ' 
mifleltoe,* begins in the MIowmg rambling inelegant manner :^ 
* The miflelcoe is a very extraordinaiy plant, growing from the 
fides and branches of other ^trees, inftead of the earth, out of 
which our noble colU£fton fprhtgs. This occafions a fingola- 
rity beyond expreffion, and is by many thought very d^Ugbtful 
andyfn^. In thofe countries where the miiTehoe is rarely founds 
it is much admiredy and is to moft people a very defirabU plant ; 
and even where it abounds in the hedges and woods, they have 
a peculiar regard for it, and ietdom fail to procure fome of it in 
the winter, by which a fHd^t of the boufi is diftinptiJhidJ Again^ 
the firft chapter that mentions the anem»nty introduces it in 
the following pompoufly obfcurc terms : ^ Inferior in beauty 
to none, though perhsips the leaft cnltivated of any of the feven 
capital ihed flowers, is the wind flower; for which no other 
reafon can be affigned than the inattention it has moftly met r 
with, perhaps in the great regard and over- care of the other 
ibrrs; and which if taken off, and the nature of the flower 
duly weighed, re^on would dired us to. (hew it more refpeA 
than it has hitherto met with \ for its charms in its variety of 
colours are tranfcendsmtj and its compbfition is of fuch a na- 
ture as to form [jA the phrafe maybe allowed) a confaous 
beauty. There is a certain freedom or eafe in this flower, that 
is not common \ they blow with tbofb truly admired flowers 
tht ranunculi at all their times ; but the proportions required to 
.eflabtifli a compleat flower of that kind, give it rather a ftifF 
'formal look. Nothing of thi) is to be fpund in the anemone ; 
and Without dooming the preceding flowers, for that turn in 
thofe is perfeaion, the an'^nibne (hews itfelf without that ftiff 
Jook in its varieties of all colours (yellow excepted) large and 
double, in all its natural luxurtanct and eafe, waving with 
every wind its petals of f0 delicate a nature, fo foft and fuf- 
^eptible as to be affeded ^by every breath of air, opening anfl 

B 3 (huitingt 



6 Parry*! Atiimfi tp J^imjltaif the MsjgiiihJIitp of Jifus. 

ihttttiog^ and gently oUeying tKe direSion of fuch extenudt^ 
The confufed turn of ezgreffion in this pafiage, is fo unifortn 
throughout, that the general remark cmnnoc efcApe the reader $ 
but ttere are two ilietorical eflFbrts in it, that claim particular 
a^ntton : tbefe are, the conjao^s iemity attl'ibuted to the ane«> 
mone, and the Writer's delicate ^are not to dtfann otheir 
flowers. If thofe other flowers have a confciou(hHi» of charac* 
t^r, Mr; IL's tendernefs is laudable, as defamatioh ts cruel, and 
(Kven aHimabli ; the confcioufnefs of beauty fli^wn by the ane«- 
ou>ne, may perhaps have given difguft^ and point out the rea-^ 
ibn of its being fo much negleded : feif twait feldom efcapet 
this mortification. 

It was not without concern that we perceived, in Mr. Han* 
bury, fomething of a dt l jjoft t ion to promote old wivery, iii 
order to awaken our devotion | for which good purpofe far fu* 
perior motives are, we hope;, to be urged on m rattbnal foun- 
dation. Under the afticte paffi^fiont^ the paflion flower, Mr« 
H* obfervts that tbefe flowers * art well known ; aitd in fome 
countries fcrve as monitors to the religious, as ibewrag the in* 
flruments of our bleflbd Savioar's pafiton ; for they bring in th^ 
l^eaves of fome of the forts to reprefent fome part of k, and the 
contorted <;irrhi the flagdla with which he was fcourged. I 
^e no ill ufe to be made of this, and am for encouraging every 
thing that may raife in us due ^efledion, and awaken us to a 
ienfe of devotion and of our duty/ On the contrsry it is to be 
apprehended that fuperftition^ being a veneration contraded by 
FOLLY for NOtfSBNS^, can be converted to no ufe without the 
interve^ition of knavbry '^ and what kind of purpoft it will then 
be made to ferve^ iis left to the refleAion of every fehftUe and 
boneft man. 

As to die botanical dodrine, and the preceptive rules* exhibited 
in the work, Mr. Hanbury is himfelf too able a gardener, and 
bas moreover called in the affiftance of Miller's reprobated dic- 
tionary too frequently, to leave them open to any very mate« 
rial impeachn^ent : at the fame time that thefe volames bear 
no jlriking appearances of fuperiority, to diftinguiih them 
libove all thoie which this Gentleman treats wrrh fuch con<» 
lempt, as extreamfy defe&ivi^ unmttar$l^ and ahfarcU 
, ^ _-^- — ,^ 

prophetic Hifiory ai^d ChrQi^ok^ of Memab's Kiigdm in Dmid% 
iy Richard f*arry, D. D. Preacher ^% Markct-IjarDOrpugh. 8vo, 
tz. 6d. Pavis. 1773. 

W£ hav^ bad mor^ than ont opportunity 6f mentioning 
thi9 Writer in terms of approbation. His enifoavomv 
|o plu^id^^e §cTi(>tvrei aii4 t^ remoffp Ib^dificukies with wbicb 

fereriA 



Pao^V Jttimpt tQ iawnftrau th Uifitkfiip of Jifm. f 

isveral. particolar paffiiget are attewkd^ are cammendable, evra 
wbcro his aucmpii may not be 4eened entirely fuccefsfuh 
la the preTent cafe, it it no meao taflc that he hath umler^ 
taken. The predictions of DanieU wkea confidered in a gc- 
fiai-al view> Ceem verv clear) and it apftears e&fy enough to dt* 
iermine the grand leading events' prefigured by them, fiut^ 
when they omne to be minutely cKamined, ^uoftions arife which 
do. not adkntt of a ready folution, though they are far from in^ 
validating the orgumenta which may be diawn from his pro« 
phedo tofupport the truth of divine leveiatioA. The learned 
Vxsik&x Mithadis hath lately pointexl out, in a Ariking man-*> 
oer, the various difficulties which attend the famous prophecy 
of the feventy weeks ; and, at the (kme time, he hath gone far^ 
Ibe^y in our opinion, towards a tr4ie explication of it, than any 
fxeceding author. 

Three of Daniel's principal predi&ions are examined by Dr. 
P«ny, in the wvrk be(br« u»^ With regard to the firft of them*, 
^ebudadaexsar's dream, it admitp, accompanied with Daniera 
interpretation c»f it, fo eafy an explanation, that there is fcarce 
any prophecy in the Old Teftament the meaning of which is more 
{Kcfptcuoiis and determinate. This pjropheoy our- Author juflly 
entitles, ^ The Kingdom of Heaven ; or the Fall of Pa^nifm/ 

The neat prediiSon, confidipred by Dr. Parry, is Daniers 
vifioQ: of the four great wild beafts which came from the fea. 
The firft part of iSm vifion is Sufficiently clear ; but the coff • 
iduding part of it hath been very difierently explained by dif- 
•feitnt waiters. Our Author refers it lo the fall of Judatfm, and 
iiaah tsdceo ^ reat pains to ihew that the little horn is defcriptive 
ipf the pnovince of Judea. • What he hath faid upon the fub- 
jeSt^ ia «ndoabtedly worthy of attention ; though candid and 
Juiiicioua pritics may, perhaps, (UU think that there is roonl for 
hefitation and debate. 

Dr. Parry, at the clofe of his remarks upon Daniel's vifion, 
baaing taken •occafion to apply himfelf to the members of the 
-papal cooamunion, makes the following judicious and liberal 
ApniicatiQn to the proteftants : ^ We inde^, fays he, have pm- 
6mAj withdrawn ourfelves from the groflfer pollutions of that 
. laecttricious- community. How far a Jic$rtd rsformatiok 
waaj be either necefiary or expedient, I muft not take upon jne 
to determine* This, however, may be faid with ^truth, and 
therefore, it is hoped, without offence, that the more there Ms 
or THIS ^ORLD in our ecclcfiaftical eAabliihment, the nearec 
it is 4o PoPE'RY, and the farther from the simplicity oj 

T»R 60SFEI..' 

Our Author, in bis explication ^f the prophecy of the Seventy 

weekst enkavours to (hew, that the commencement oF thefe 

weeks rnuit be fixed from the fecond year of Darius Notbus 

^ 8 ♦ King 



8 Parry 'i Aumpt U dtmnflrati tht Miffiahjbip cfjrfuu 

King of Perfta. It is objo£kd to this opinion, that thcperfons 
VfYio are rcprefcntcd by the prophet Uaggai,. as having £ecn both 
temples, muft have been of an age beyond belief; hecaufe from 
the de(lru£lion of the temple to the iecond of Darius Nothss, 
y were an hundred and fixty fix years. Dr. Parry's reply to thss* 
obje£iion, is too curious and. extraordinary to be omitted. * I 
anfwer, fays he, in the words of a very illuftrious writer on 
another occafion, ^* the promifes of God have never borrowed 
help from moral probabilities.*' His promiies to Abraham were 
90t of this kind. And why then fliould they be of this kind to 
. the children of Abraham ? The Jews lived under an jextraor* 
dinary difpenration of providence. Long liie was the general 
piomife of the Mofaic law to the obedient. And this promife 
was particula.riy repeated at the time we are fpeaking of. 
<< There (hall yet old men and old women dwell in the ftreets 
of Jerufalem, and every man with his fiaff in bis band for very 
age." Who now can think it improbable, when avents corre- 
fpond fo cxa£^ly with t^itxy part of the prophecy, that fome 
^mong the Jews fliould be found of an 'exceeding great age? 
<* If it be marvellous in the eyes of the people in thefe days, 
ihould it alfo be marvellous in mine eyes, iaith the Lord qf 
Hofts." • . ) 

Such a method of removing diiHcuIties, can never &tisfy a 
difcerning critic, or do honour to revelation^- Ac the time to 
which the objedlion refers,, it waa as cotttrary to t^he Aitte of 
things under the Jewifh difpeniation, as ic was to the ufual 
courfe of nature for perfons to live above an hundred and fiity* 
fix years. Indeed, the promife of long life under the Moiaic 
law, did not originally include the term contended for by our 
learned Author. Unlefs, therefore, he can find out a moce ra- 
tional mode of anfwering the objedions to his hypothefis, it 
muft, we arc afraid, fall to the ground. 

Dr. Parry has added, as he did in.his lafi publication *, a 
variety of notes, fome of which are ingenious and valuable. 
That upon the number 666, the number of the beafl in the ' 
book of ReveUtions, has very ccnfiderable merit; and fo 
likewife has the note upon S^. Paul's Addrefs to the high pricft 
of the Jews. We by no means agree with ouc Author in hia 
opinion, that the title of Chriilians was ^iven to thedifctpiormt 
Antioch.by divine appointment. Dr. Larjdner's reafi>ns totbe 
contrary, appear to us decifive upon the fubjcA. Neither do 
we approve of what Dr. Parry hath faid concerning the flii^iv«/* 
^n» That St. Paul's reprefcntaiioo of the man of fin is pectt* 
liarly defcriptive of the papal power, has been fa clearly ihawa 

f The genealogies of Cluifl in Matth, and Lake explained. See 
Review, vo}. xlvi. p. 62, ... 



.Sharp on tbi DiftinBioh lettvetH Meaflaugbtir and Murder. 9 

by Benfon) DuchaU Warburton, Newton, and Hurdd, that we 
cannot bdp con&dering them as having given by far the moft 
probable expUcatioa of ^e prophecy. 

Art, III. Remarks on thi Opinions af Jomt of the moft celebrated Wri^;' 
itrs on Crotvn LofWy refpeQing the due DiftinQion hetiueen Man* 
Jlamgbttr and Murder : Being an Attempt to (hew, that the Plea of 
fttdden Anger cannot rttnove the Imputation and Gailc of Murder, 

■ when a i^ortal Wound ts wilfully given with a Weapon : That 

^ lodnlgeace allowed by the Courts to volaQtary Manilaughter 

in Rencounters, and in ludden Affrays and Duels, is indifcrimi- ■- 

nate, and without foui^dation in Law : And that Impunity in fuch 

Calcs of voluntary Manflaughtcr, i^ one of the pnncipal Caufes 

of the Conunuance and prefcnt Increafo of the ba(c and difgraceful 

Praftice of Duelling. To which are added, feme Thoughts on 

the particular Cafe of the Gentlemen of the Army when involved 

in fuch difagreeable private Differences. With a prefatory Addrefs 

. to the Reader, concerning die Depravity and Folly of modem Men 

' of Honour, iaUely fo called^ including a ihort Account pf..the 

.Principles and Dj^igp of the Work. By Granville ^harp. gvo* 

I $• 6d# White, /cc. 1773. 

'TP KOM the verbofe title of tbis performance, it will appear 

: j^ that its tendency is to prove the dectfion of private quarrels 

by private combat, to be contrary t6 law ; and that when one 

of the parties foils, the furvivor is guilty of wilful murder, and 

' is not intitled to the mitigated verdl^of manflaughter : in which 

cdlKJufion it. is difficult to dtflent from the writer. In his pre- 

'lace he makes the following Juft diftindion between wilful ' 

, murder and manflaughter. 

^ Now, certaiin it is, that fome allowance ought to be made 
for heat of blood upon a fudden provocatiortj in conflderation of 
the extreme frailty of human nature, provided there are no ciiw 
cumihmcet of mdUa in the cafe. As if (for inflance) a mai), 
in fudden anger^ fhould ftrilce another, merely wit^ bisfift^ or jl' 
' Anall cdm^ or flick^ meaning onl/ to corred, and fiiould acctden^ 
t Ally kill \ this WQuld be, properly, ^^;i/?^&r^i^/^r; which, though 
, it is deemed plony -(as the ad of ftraking, or beating another 
perfon is, in \\{^i^ unlawful)^ is neverthejefs pardonahh both by 
' riie laws of God and man. But when two perfons fight with 
dat^iTsut wsapons^ an inUrttim of kUting is txprtjfed by the wea- 
' p§ns ; zviAftnh inuntion rettdtrs the manflaughter voluntary^ which 
- is the fame thing as wiy^/; and confequently the ** maiici pre^ 
, pinfed'* (which excluded the benefit of clergy) is necefTarily /w- 
.. ptudy though the fudden anger be but a mon^ent before the fa- 
carftroke ; for '* malia pnpenfid^* is thus defined by Sir Edward 
Coke, ** That is (fays he) vottmtary^ and of fet purpofe, though 
done iipm a^ fnddnt tfecAjkn ^ for if it be voluntary the law im- 
pliclb piali(^^*' 3 Inft. 9. J^iii^ p.^6^/ 

The 



f o Bhwtp dM ihf Diftiuaim litwi§^I^it9i/lmighkra$i Mfitritf. 

The Author has flieim much reading ia efttUifliing this 
point) and, prcCuoiing on (he fairnefs of his (juocatioiia, hat de« 
teded fcveral inconMencies in the writings of oia« moft £hiiou| 
lawyers in difUngiiiOiing between murder and manflaughter-t 
though ht may not have given his ar^iiment all the advantages 
it was capable of receiving. To innft on the Levitical iaw^ 
and to afcertain the true reading of Hebrew* t^^ta^ will not 
>e likely to operate much in con&iting febe current principles 
of modern honour : nor do gentlemen in (bttUng chtir Invo- 
lous punAilios, concern themielves greatly \w fitai 4fthi cnwn. 
It appears, however, from this* treatife, that our lawyers have, 
in it&i countenanced the pernicious cuftom of duellini;, by 
temporifing and warping their opinions, to m»ke more allow* 
ances for it than the public good of fociety will warrant. S^clf* 
defence, as he obferves, cannot be pleaded ifi behalf of men 
who meet by confeot to attack each other with deadly weapona. 

Mr* Sharp, however, like other fimguiiie-mefli) extends -hia 
argucpent to an abfurd length ; for afotr endcttvouring to op* 
pole this point of honour among the gentlemen of tl^ army, 
by arguments not well adapted to their notions of thihgs, and 
therelbre not calculated.to have with them the fotce that mi^t 
, perhaps be wiihed, he introduces the foUowisigflraiigepctacipie: 

^ The law, feys be, wiU not excufe ap wdtmpdmQ by a 
ibldier^ even though he commits it by iht et^rt^ nmmtmd m£ 
the higheft miltcary authority in •the kingdokn :- kfld much .Us 
is the fold ier obliged to conform himfelf ipm^ib'/^ to At oMe 
opinions and fa^k notions of honour, which hts.&tpeiiars mty 
have unfortunately adopted. — Even in plriilidcmilfattfy fiirvice, 
or warlike ^peditions by nHuaal mtlmit^ -ikt Uw maniftftly 
requires the ^Dldier U ibiiti for Hwftlf.^ and't^codfider,, before 
iie a£l$ in a^ny war, whether the fame beyij^ ( foTi^ ifrit be otber* 
wife, the ^x>maK)d law of this kingdom will ij^/rit^ihtmlW 
luilt of murdir^ 

^ And though the law does not adtiull]r.puni(h iacb.gesMial 
crimes, as may unfortunately have obtained^ at aay time, the 
fan^^ion of governuient ; yqt (he time wiU ^rtainly oomc, 
^hcn all fuch temporizing militarv nmrdertn mud. he mfpon* 
ffble for the innocent Ueod-that is fned in ao lins^'i^ war, if thty 
have rendered themfelves ii£tf^r/«f Hithyan implku^ and, thoie- 
fore, criWW'obedience to the promoters of it, ^^ Item At ho* 
micidium in Ml(^" (fays the learned Bra£bon) ^* et tunc vidcn* 
duhf) utrum ieUum fit jujlum vol inp^mn. Si aiitem if^tifium% 
tenebicur occifor : fi autem juftmm^ fient pn ieftnftmi ptOrife^ 
non tenebitur, nUi bw: ficurif ^nrt/fia vebadati ainlgniimut** 

« Men of true h^tkour^ therefore^ at the fayie time tbut they 
are fen&bje of tlu^ir duty as .faUiers and Jhl^e^tto their ki^g, 
mud be mindful that they w Jutp^ glfr to ibi emfirt ^freafyn^ 

aind 



Gurfirj ReJUflms m tbi Sh^-C^mhi^ ft Mod&n Butt 1 1 

•nd are bound thereby, in comnien with all mankind, td ntf n«> 
tain the digftity and natural fr^om of human nature : and tboft 
foldters, who, in addition to their natural reafon^ have a trui 
JTenfe of religion, wi^l not only be ^lipdfult that they are fol* 
diers and fabjeda to an earthly king^ but that they are atfo Jf^ 
dkrs zn^fukjt^ii to the King rf Kings \ whofe laws and piecrp^ 
they will, on all occafions, prefer t9 ruery $tbir ^mfnmd-^ abJ 
will. obey the f»ne with fuch a fliodf c^uragt^ ts mHy be equal 
to every adverfity, and undeferved fuflfering that threatens them, 

' It was this hidtfpenfible, this otihappy difjpbfition, and (bnfe 
ef fttp^rhr duty^ vi^ich prevailed even in an unlawful ftanding 
army, that had been ratjed^ and was ixfnjlj^ defied fat arbitrary 
jpurpoles, and >vfatth, neverthelefs, contrary to all t%f€&?i\AQti^ 
exerted itfelf in faving this kingdom, at the glorious revolu- 
tion, from the political flavery, which then threatened it, 4p 
Well as from the more intolerable tyranny of the Romifli ra^ 
ligion/ . 

it Will not be an eafy matter for this virriter to jufiify a mtK*- 
f ary man, arid proted him from declared penaltiea, efpe^ially 
if he » in a fubordinate rank, for difobedience to orders ; though 
he mi^ difiipprove the caufg of a war, in vifhich the government 
demands hia fervioe,. Nor cao any general prineipte bedraim 
jTrom fa peculiar an exigence as the revohition, which was not 
only jufttfied by the general fenfe erf" the nation, buthy what 
was of much more hnportante in this view of the cafe, byfuc- 
infi. Had the Prince of Orange been defeated, as MonmoUth 
was, and the nation again fubjeded to Jame», it may be lett 
to Mr. Sharp to imagine tvhat would have been the fate of thofr 
'officers whp carried over their m^n to the unfuccefsful invad<lr 1 
]£ven as affairs terminated, though the armv defertcd the King^ 
the individuals that compofed the bulk of jt, however wjllingl)^ 
they changed fides, ftill preferved military obedience to Ihett 
immediate fuperiors, who led them over, , ' 
' ' ■ ' f - . ■ ...... . ■ . - 

AaT. IV. Citrfify Re/kSions cm the Single Com6a/, or Modtm Bu$U 
Addreffed to Gentlemen in every Clais of Life. 410. i s. Baid^ 
whi. 1773. 

GOTHIC and abfurd as the cuftom of duelling is generally 
allowed to be, thcfreare advocates for it, on principle j^ 
jreafoners, who coolly argue for the neceflity, and ei^cn conve- 
nience, of this mode of accommodating certain kinds of p^fi- 
ibnal xlifierences, and of redreffing certain fpecies of injorits» fbr 
vvhich the laws have not provided proper or adequate remedies ^ 
they conclude, therefore, that an appeal to the fword is a ne^uiflt^ 
iiipplemeni: tolchr law, and that this (brt of f atisf a ftio n fbr-oc^ 
trajudicial ofi^nccs, mirft take ptace^ tlB fome other mode fhall 



12 Curfiry ReJUSiiins mlhi Single Comhat^ or Modern Dteef^ 

ht icvikA' zn6 eftablrfhed. And the learned Dr. Rabcrtfon* 
has obfcrved, in favour of this pradice^ — even while he condemns 
it— that its infliience on modern manners, has been found, in 
ibme refpeds, beneficial to mankirid. 

** To this abfurd en Horn, fays he, we mtrft afcribe, in foroe de- 
grte, the extraordinary gentleneis and complaifance of modern man«^ 
ners, and that rcfpefifttl attention of one man to another, which, at 
prefent, render the ibcial intercoiurfes of liie far naore agreeable an^ 
decent than among the mod civilized natioat of antiquity." 

The Author of thefe confiderations reduces the arguments 
which have been offered in behalf of the private combat, to 
thefe two,: 
* * I. That the duel is the onlv expedient to obtain fatU£i£lion for 
thofe injuries, of ivhich laws talce no cognizance. 

* If. That a roan of honour is bound on pain of infamy to refcnt 
every mdignity that may be offered him, with the point of hisfword^^ 
or with 9 piftoL* . 

Thefe pofitions our fenfibic Author undertakes to refute ; and 
we fiiall give a fpecimen of his reafbning : but, firft, it will 
not be improper to lay before our Readers part of what he has 
iaid on the orrgtn of the fingic con>bat, or duel. 

- * The ancient flatc?, fays he, of Greece and Ronre, from whence 
.we derive the noblcft models of heroifm, fupported private hononrf 
without delivering down to ns any evidences ef this baneful ctiih>si 
cf demanding {fk icvere a deci6on of pihrate affronts; which cor- 
iidering the raiticaiy ^xirit of thofe nations* »uft» if it obtaiaed at 
ally have proved more deflru^ve to dpeun at home> than the unked 
fworda of their enemies abroad. The pradice is in fad of later and 
mote ignoble birth ; the judicial combat, the parent of modern duels» 
fpringing from monkiOi fuperfiicion* grafted op feudal barbariim* 
Whoever reads Hurd's entertaining and ingenious Letters on Chi- 
valry and Romance, with Robcrtfon's eteborate Hiftory of the Reign 
of the Emperor Charles V. will no longer hefitate concerning this 
clear ^. ^ ^ . ' * 

' The judicial comba.t obtained in ignorant ages> oni a conduJkm 
that in this.ajppeal .to Provuknce» innocence and right would be 
pointecfout by vidory, and guilt lligmatiled and puniihed by defeat* 
But, alas ! experience at length taught us not to (cxped a miracu- 
lous interpofition whenever fuperior length, fuperior flcill, and fa- 
perior bravery or ferocity, either or all of them, happened to appear 
on the fide of injuftice.* 

Dr. Robertfon, above quoted, derives the fa/him (as the 
Writer of thefe Reiledions has obfervcd) of terminating pri- 
.vaie differences by the fword, or p^ftol, from the illuftrious ex* 
ample of the challenge fent by Francis I. of France^ to the 
Emperor Charles V. This was not^ indeed, the firft rnftancc 
of fuch challenges, among princes ; but as our Author remarks, 

* Author of the JH iftory of Scotland, &c» 

tht 



Cmrfiry RifiiUions ek the Single Cbmhatj & Modern Dmet 1 3 

die drgoity of the parties, in the prefent cafe, afForded a fuffi^ 
cient fanOion for extending this mode of deciding differences, 
and fettling difputes : to which we may add, that the (pint of 
chivalrjr and romantic knighthood uill prevailing ia thofe 
fighting times,' wa& continually exciting the heroes of the age 
to this mode of proving their perfonal prowefs and valour* 

We now return to our Author's manner of reafoning upoa 
the two poftulata before ftated : 

* With refped to the firft argument,' fays he, if we annex any de« 
terminate ideas to our words, by fatisfadion. we are to und^dand 
redrefs, compcnfation, amends, or atonement. Now, Gentlemen! 
for the fake of all that is valuable in life, condefcend for a minute 
to bring down your refined notions to the toe ftandard of commoa 
ienie, and then weigh the fatisfa^ion to be obtained in a duel. 

* Is fatisfa^lion to be enforced from an* adver(ary, by putting a 
weapon into kis hand, and ibndlng a contendoa with him life £ot 
life, upon an equal chance i 

' Is an offender againft the rules of gentility, or againft the obli- 
gations of morality, a man prefumptively defUtute of honour himfel^ 
fkirly in titled to this eqiial chance of extending an injury already 
committed, to the irreparable degree of taking Uie life aifo from aa 
iiino(^nc man ? 

* If a gentleman is infatuated enough to meet a perfou who has de- 
graded himfelf from the chara^r of a gentleman, upon thefe equal 
terms, and lofes a limb, or his life^ what fp^des of fatisfadios can ' 
that be-called ?— But it is better to fuffer death than indignity. What 
from the injurious hand ? CorreA your ideas; and you will efteent 
IHe too valuable to be complimented away for a miftaken notion* 

* If the aggreflbr falb, the full pnrpofe of the injured perfen is 
thus anfwered, but whaf is tde fatisiadion ? The furvivor becomes a 
refugee like a felon'; or if he ihbuld be cleared by the equivocal ten- 
dernefs of a court of judice, muit he not be a barbarian inilead of a 
^fttkman who can feed upon this inhuman bloody fatisfa^^ion, with- 
out experiencing the pangs of felf- reproach for having facrificed the 
life of a fellow-creature to a punctilio ; and perhaps involved the 
ruin of an innocent family hy the brutal deed f If, on the other hand, 
he is leally a miftaken man of humanity, what has- he obtained ^ 
The fatisfadion of imbittering all tbe:remainder of his life with the 
keeneft forrow ; of having forfeited all his future peace of mind by 
a confcioufnefs of guilt, from which his notions of honour can never 
releafe him, till the load drags him down to the grave f 

' If a man of ftriA honour is reduced to beg his life of a meec 
pretender tp honour, a fcoundrel ; what portion of fatisfa£tion can 
this be edeemed f Is not this a mortifying gainful aggravation of a 
wrong already fuilained ? What confolation can honour afford for 
fuch a difgrace f* 

pur Author has fomc other very fenfiblc animadverfions on this 
firft branch of the argument in defence of duelling ; after which 
he proceeds to the fecond plea, viz. * the obligation of refent- 
ing aflFronts in this manner, founded on the infaitiy of fuf- 
ptcied courage; and, in ouropinioai he fatisfadlorily proves th^t 

th:s 



14 Cmirjkrj JLtfiiUhm m the Sagb Ccmht^ mtMukm t>UiL 

this avgumcnt is by no metns irrefragable : but fbr his reafiinkig 
on this deficate point, we nmft refer to bis paniphIet,-*-aiul prp^ 
ceed to take notice of his plan for putting a Aop to -the pra^ace 
ofdiieUing. 

In the firft place^ be recommemb th^ a law be paffied^ 
/ declarifitf the ad of (ending a chalieiige» or the jeducinff a perfiui 
to defend hii ^ with ftv^d or piftol» to be h]pmf ; 9P4 the l^ilKag . 
a perfon in a duel, to be puniflied as inurder, without benefit of clerey^ 
ooleis fufficicBt proof is made that the party killed, r!^ly urged the 
coajibat.' 

As tbis lirft part of bi$ propofal relates rather to the mode of 
ftmifinng than to the meafis of pnve^titg ducl^, be proceeds : 

* In every qnarrel between two gentlemen where iatisfadtioa if 
thought neceflary, let the parties be empowered to fummon a jury 
of honour from among their friends, fix to be appointed by one gen- 
tleman, and fix by the other ; or in cafe of a remfal of either party, 
let the fix chofen by the other compleat the nnmb<r by their owo 
appointmeaty each nominating oiie : and finally, let all this he^ooe^ 
if poifibie, frte from the embarrafliag intert entioa of lawyers. 

' Let this jury of honour, when doiy a^mbled, difi:n& ^e me- 
rits of the difpute in qneftion, and form their opiiuon by a majo* 
rity of votes ; but to guard againd eenerating frefh quarrels by tbe 
di&overy of che vQces on either fide, let the whole twelve be bpund 
to fecrecy upon their honour^ and the whole twelve fign the verdi6l 
of the majority. Let a copy of this verdi6l be delivered, or trani^ 
mitted to the gentleman who& condad is condemned ; and if hn 
tefnles to make the required concefion or due {ktkfai&ion. Jet this 
opinion be poblifhed in focfa a manner as may be thoaght proper^ 
and he nnderftood to diveft him of his charader as a gentleman, Ci> 
long as he remains eontumacions, 

* By riiis finde expedient coiMr^ed in a (ew words, it is hoped An 
necefity of duds ma^ ht effedually fuperieded, the pradice fuppreiied, 
and ample fatisfadion enfiweed fbr all injuries of honour. In tho 
examination of fubjeds of importance we are often tempted tp over* 
look the thing we want, on a fnppofition that it cannot be near at 
hand. This j^an may peihaps admit of amendment, hot it is fiearedt 
that the more complicated it is rendered, the more difficult it may 
prove to carry into execution : and it is hoped, fuch as it is, it wiU 
not be the worie thought of, for coming from an unknown pen.* 

With refpe6l to the pradicabOity of this fcheme, we appre^ 
bend that the great difiiculty would lie in the obliging the quar* 
Telling parties, or cither of them (who by the Author's plan are 
merely empowered) to refer them atter to the court of honour* 
But the Writer does not give this as a fini(hed plan : he barely 
fuggefts the hint; leaving others to improve upon it, if thought 
worthy of farther confideration. 

As to the propofed ad for puni(hing the furvivor^ where one 
of the parties has fallen in the conBid^, it is, indeed, a melan<> 
choly truth that our laws in beins have been found inadequate 
10 the purpofe of preventing duels, by the dread of legal con^ 

fequencesk 



JuKa GfimOi: tr^ tie Bifi^ ofiht Ihman UtOfi. 15 

(Sequences. The Kisg of Swedea's metbod was virtimlly the 
fame with that w)iacb b hcDp recommciKied } and k ia lakl to 
have been eficAual in tkac kingdom. 

The great G^iftavus Adolpbus^ finding that the cuftom of 
duelliog was become alarmiii^ly prevalent among the officers 
in his army, was dcterminrd to Aipprefs, if poffiUb, tborefaJle 
notion! of bonour« Socm after the King bad formed this refi>- 
lutioa^ and ifltird fome Very rigoroua ^ids againft the pra^« 
tioe, a quarrel aroft Jbetweea two of bis gcnersdt ; who agreed 
to crave his Majefty^a permifioo to decide their difference by 
the laws of honouTji The King confented } and faid he would 
be a fp^&utot of the con^bat. He went, accordingly^ to the 
plice appo(oted» attended by a body of guards, and the pubUc 
executioner. He then told the combatants, that «« they mull 
fight till one of them diedi" and turning to the cxecuucuier» 
1m added, <^ Do you immediately ftrike on the head of the fur- 
viror/'-^The Moaar<:h's infiexibility had the deCt^d tStOti the 
difference between the two officers was adjujfted $ and no n)K>re 
challenged were heard of in the army of Guftavus Adoipbus. 

From xht pecuUar prevalencv of this cuftom, in countries 
where that reUgioua fyftem is eUaWiflied, which, of aU others, 
moil exprefsiy prohibits the gratification of revenge, with &ittf 
ipecies of outrage and violence, we too plainly fee how little 
mankind ace, in reality, iofloenced by the principles of the re- 
figioa by Which they profefi to be guided: — in defeoce of 
which, MMw they wtU occafionaUy ri& even their lives in figbt^ 
though fighting is abfolutely forbidden by it ("^But, we fear 
Horace was too much in the rig^r : 

Naturatn expiUas fmrea^ tamtn ufque recurret. 

Aat. V. JttUii GrtnvilU : or^ the Hi/I^ry of the Human Hearu By 
Mr^ Brooke, i zmo. 3 Vols. 79. 6 d. fctwed. Robiofon* 
1774. 

WE have fo frequeritly * given our opinion of the merit 
of this Writer, as a novellift, and the two works which 
be has pubHftied. of this kind, are fo uniformly charaflerrftic, 
that we have little to add, on the prefent occafton, cither of 
panegyric* or of Ccnfure. Mr. Brooke's heroes and heroines 
are Aifl faints, or angels on earth 5 too exalted, we apprehend, 
for mere finful mortals to prefume to emulare,' and we fear 
toO} that they have To much of the old-faihioned form of piety 
about them, and talk fo folemnly, in the fiyle and phrafe of 
the fcriptures, that they will not be generally looked upon as 
fit models for imitation, in this age of freedom and gaiety. Vet, 

^ See our accouots of Mr. Brooke's oovel, entitled, ^' The Fogl of 
Quality," given at the fevcral periods of it? fuccefiive publications, 
anieparate volumes, Review, vols* xxxv. xxxi;^. xli. and xlii. 

io 



x6 JuUtt GrenviUi : cr^ the Hiftory of the Human HiSTi. 

JD juftice to the Audior we muft obferve, that there is^ in this* 
performance (if our memory fails us not) lefs of that enthu* 
fiaftic rapture, and that vifionary jargon of fanaticifm, than in 
Bis Fool of Quality ; fa that» with aJl its imperfections, its 
fuper*human characters, its forced fituatbns, its unnatural 
expedients, its improbable circumftances, and the frequent 
monkifh and fometimes childiib ftrain in which the fpeakers, of 
all ages, deliver themfelves, Juliet 'Orenville is, indubitably, 
a work of genius, and of uncommon merit, in various refpeds : 
as are, indeed, all the produ^ohs of this Writer, from his 
Guftavus Fafa^ to the prefent performance. He entitles it 
* The Hiftory of the Human Heart ;* and it muft be acknow^ 
ledged, the human heart is a fubjeCi with which Mr. Brooke 
feems to be fo well acquainted, that we m^y truly fajrhe has, 
in various inftances, fo well defcribed its native operations and 
genuine movements, that while we read him, our feeling, to 
ufe his own expreflion, ^ like a tuned though fubordinate ii^ftru- 
m^ent, bear unifon and accord to every word he utters.' 

We do not attempt to analyfe the ftory of Juliet Grenville^ 
as we apprehend that iketcbes of that kind would affford but 
meagre entertainment for the generality of Review-Readers. 
We fhall, probably, fucceed better by detaching a few pa(Ia|es 
from fuch parts of the work as are not infeparably interwovea 
with the main thread of the narrative ; but wliich will, never- 
thelefs, fufficiently enable thofe who are not already acquainted 
with the genius and manner of this Writer, to form a compe* 
tent judgment of both. 

in the fecond volume our Author has introduced his ienti<« 
ments on the fubjeCt of Courage ; and what he has faid in re- 
gard to this ' Capital male virtue,* will ferve as a proper fupplc-* 
menc to odr two foregoing articles oh Duelling. 

* True courage, Tie obfervcs, has a two-fold" virtue in it. 
Fird, it has that of difregarding the danger and damage that 
may threaten itfclf ; and fecondly, it has the virtue of extend* 
ing its powers to the fupport of the weak, the defence of tha 
afiaultcd, the vindication of the injured, and the fuppreifion and 
caftigaticn of ihc fpoiler and oppreilbr. While courage is thus 
emp)oycG\ it is benevolent, it is beneficent, it is juftly^ it is 
cxaitedly rcrpectablc a:id amiable. But, when a fpurious and 
falfe appearance of ihi; quality, called Courage, through mb-' 
itives of ambiti n or dcfirc of applaufe, or any other incitements 
tpertly perfonal ar, i fcififli, cxtrts its powers in a^manner feem- 
ingly worihy of prri.ie, it yet iofes the whole nature and ought 
to forfeit the name of Virtue ; and it wants nothing fave to have- 
tthofe motives deteilcd, to become contemptible and deteftable 
ki the eyes of mankind. 

•Few 



Juliit Gnnviili^ ^, tii Hifiwj of thi Human Hearts %j 

* Few things have occafioned fo great a variety of cla(hing 
OginioiiSi or have had (o wide an Influence on the tempers, th^ 
morals,. and the cu(ioou of manj^ind,. as the fcncimencs enter- 
tained refpefiing this quality called Courage, 

^ The world, ia ho has been a blockhead from the beginniD^ 

artd is not likely to grow a whit wifer to the end, the wor)d« I 

fay, has, almoft univerfallv, he*d Courav^ to cooTift in adioa 

and prowefsjt in the wrathfulnefs and de.,th doing hand of aa 

Achilles s or in- the kindling fpirit of tbofe, who will not bear 

the fihalleft appearance of an infult, who will burfl through al| 

the bands of friendship and humanity, rather than allow the 

flighteKl word or look of imagUitd difcefpcft to pais unrevengei) 

' or unblooded. Wheiefore, |is tr4ith and nature he buried un^ 

']der fuch aa accumulation of cufioiBt and prejudices^ it may be 

neceflai^ to fet up fuch critcrions and land- marks, as.ihall favf 

us from ftrajftng in ourdir(%uiiiifoci.^;)d fearch after thi^fo highly 

tefpeded virtMe. 

^ All are clearly agreed in their ideas of this poGfipn, that 
Courage and Fe^r are in ^heir natures incompatiMe sthat^ where* 
ever Courage is, fo far as it prevails, it calls afi.'e Fearj and 
thatt whefever F^r U^ (b f^ as it prrvailsyit caft^ a&dp Courage. 
^ Now, one of the fmett (} mptoms of Feac, is angec s hr^ 
what ihouid provoke us to anger againft that fion) which we 
have nothing to apprehend I I ofKe law a hu£e mailijf walking 
.peaceably tiirough a country village, wbeo a little wretch of ^ 
cur ru(hed from one of the hamlets and made a furious affault : 
Jhe fprung up toward the throat of the patient crcacirre ; but not 
being able to reach it^ he exercjfed his inveteracjr.by b'icine at 
Jiis heels. Tbp noble brute, be^ngihus teized and ppftercd by 
his dcfpic^bl^ adverfury, ^t- a ^nonl^rous fore-paw upon him 
and prdTed him fo the earcii^ while, liftif^ a bind Je^ be 
-poured upon him the low^fk t^s^k 9.f contempt ; ao«l then per- 
mitled the impotent ;K>imal to rife, who ran all dlfmayed and 
yelping aMpaiy. I queiljon if lii > piince of dogs^ ip a|l his con- 
•<(iilGrft# and engagements with bi^ equals in cpmbat, had ever 
given fo incont^fiaiUe a proof of the truth of bis coucage as hp 
4ii6 at tliis period. 

* The tiM little anecdote o^ay ferve to itluilrate an approved 
obfervatioE^ that cowards ^re ctm^^ but tbft^ the hr^ye delight 
Hi forbearance iiod mercy. Tb« reafpn of this is d^epjy founded 
jbi oatttce. - , 

^ Cowardice bas 'no concern or intereii jn, ^Ay thing fave 
Self. Fi^ovided that Self is. fal^ and unhurt, ^t, (:a/ls not wh^t 
^akmUtes jfriay llll or be-pourc^ upon the re0 of niapkindv 
W^n it feck aa apprcben^n of danger, Jboweye^ diftant, rt 
.cowMifei an.Hl^);ic«ble batfed againft the poi^t Qr paii^y /rqcti 
whence the danger rnay proceed : wrath and revenge anticipa!^ 
Hsv. Jan. 17 74. C tbte 



l8 Juliet GrtnvUle : #r, the Hl/tarjofthi Hieman Hisai. 

the dreaded damage in its bofom ; and it is ftodtous and roli- 
citous, by all, by any means, however treacherous or deadly, 
to prevent the nearer approach of the hurt apprehended. 

^ Let us now enquire, what portion of genuine Courage the 
heroes of the applauded euliom of duelling can bcaft. 

< The man who, purpofcly and deliberately, thirds after the 
bloo'^ afid life of his fellow, is pciTcfied by as dark 2nd inhuman 
a daemon, as he uho dweh among the tombs. But, duellifta 
are not wholly of this malignant nature ; it is not cruelty, but 
cowardice, that compels them to engage. The world, drfpar* 
fionately, halloos them at each other, as it would fet maftifft 
or game-cocks at variance for the diverfion of the fpeflators. It 
fays to thefe combatants, ** For (bame, gentlemen, be juft to 
your own honour ; refpc<a ytnirfclves above God and mankind ? 
better to bleed, to pcri(h, than to live with reproach." And 
thus, frequently, without refentment or ill-will to their oppo* 
nents, men plunge their reludant weapons into the bofoms of 
each other, being feared and impelled thereto by the fpc&tt 
called CenfMre, which they dread even worfe than death or 
futurity. 

* Courage may well be fupported in time of aAbn or con^ 
left ; jt has not leifure to fink or droop during an agitation of 
fpirits. But, when thefe ftays are irmoved, when calamity ot 
death comes to meet us in all the filent apparatus and black 
pomp of impending definidlon, the Courage that can give it 
an undifmayed and calm welcome muft be from above. 

• The moft indubitabhr, the moft' divine fpecies of courage, 
fubfifts in Patience— when the (bul is diveft^d and ftupt of 
all external affiftanccs j when the aflaults are all on one (ide, 
and no kind of a£lion oSenfive or defendve is admitted on the 
other, to maintain the flame of Kfe, or fupport failing exiftence ; 
but where alt the concerns of Self are fubntitted, without re- 
ludance, to the worft extremes, to all that the world can iit- 
flia, or that time can bring to pafe ; fuch a Patience opens 
the gates of the foul upon eternity, and lends it wings to iffiie 
iforth in beatified benevolence upon God and all his creatures.' 

How rare a quality is con/tfienry ^thtr in condu<S^ ot fcnti- 
mcnt I Who would imagine, after reading the foregoing difqui* 
fition concerning Courage, and the Writer's warm and pious en* 
comium on the virtue of Patience, that this very Chriftian phi- 
lofopher, in the next volume, involves one of his wdrthieft 
charafiers in a tavem-duel ! the ctrcumftancei of which * are 
related wholly to the duellift's preife, without one word of cen* 
fure for his giving way to that angn- which Mr. B. has fet dowa 
as ^ one of the fureft fymptoms of /ear ;' or for his total waM 
of * the moft divine fpecies 0f courage,' which * fuMfts ia 
Patience!' 

In 



In vol. ill- we have a juft remark on Mr. Aichardfon'i 
celebrated Pamsla» which we do not remember to have be« 
fore met witb« Lady Cranfield obferving Mifa Qrenvilie with 
* Pamela i br^ VirtUi Rewardidy in her band^ afks her opinloii 
of that book. * I think, Madam,* replied the young lady^ 
f that the author has much of nature in him ; and touches thn 
paffionsf at times, with a tender and happy effed: but then, I 
blu(h at the manner in which he undrefles our fex. Indeed hisi 
ideas are miich too frequently and unneceilarily wantonl Neithef 
can I wholly approve the tide of the book : Can virtue be re- 
warded, by being united to vice f Her mafter was a ravifi^ef, a 
tyraht^ a diilblute, a barbarian in manners and principle. I 
admit iti the author may fay ; but then he was fuperior in riches 
and ftatipn. Indeed, Mr. Richardfon never fails in due refpefk 
to fuch matters | be always gives the full value to title aqd 
fdrtune.' , 

The foregoing cenlure of this great maftei- of novel-writings 
thd Shakespbarb of romance^ is juftly due to the defeds o^ 
that otherwire admimble genius } who was certainly reprehetip 
fible tot indulging his imagination, as he frequently did, itt thie 
luxury of undnffing his ladies: an indulgence by no means be« 
coming the charader of a moral writer* 

. Inihe fame volume we meet with a good ftory of a fiiher* 
man, which is introduced in a converfation on the'veqaJity of 
ftrvants, efpecially thofe of the nobility, &c» 

K When | was at the Marquis delta Scala's^ in lt^\fi^ Tai^ 
Mr.Thbmaibn, ' he once invited the neighbouring gentry to 
n grand entertainment^ and all the delicacies of the fewm werf 
accordingly provided. . 

* Some of the comf^any had already arrived, in order to 
pay their very early refpeds to his excellency^ when the major 
domO, k\\ in a hurry, t»me into the dinmg room* 

« My lord, faid he, here is a mofl wonderful fifberman be* 
low, who has brought one of the fioeft fifli I believe in all 
Italy ) but then he demands fuch a price for it ! Regard not his 
price, cried the Marquis^ pay it him down dire&ly. So I would^ 
pleafe your highnefs, but he refufes to take money. 'W'hyit 
vrhat would the fellow have \ A hundred ftruke;s of the ilrap'^ 
pado on his bare (Koulders, my lord ; be fays he will not bate 
cf a fingle blow. ^^ 

« Here, we all ran down, to have a View ^ this tarity Of* a 
fiiherman. A fine fifl)) a mod exquifite fine fifli^ cried the 
Marquis ! What is your demand, my ifriend ? you iball be p^ 
on the inftant. Not a quatrini, my lord i I wiil not take mo^ 
tiij. If you would have my fifli, you muft order me ai hun« 
dred lalhes of the ffrappado upon m;^ naked bacli> if not, I 
Iball go and apply elfcwbere. 

Q% •Hatber 



t6 yuEit Onmnlh : &r^ the Wft^ tf ibe Human HtarL 

^ Ratlier than 1o(b our (i(h) faid his highners, let the fellQW 
hate his hiiitiotir. Here ! hi^ cried to oo'e of his grooms, dif* 
tharge this honeft matt's demand ; but don*: Ujr oh over hard, 
aon*t hurt the pool: devil very much* 

« The fi(hm6nger then ftripped, and the groom prepared tQ 
put his lord's orders in executioiL Now, my frieqd, cried tbc 
ftftimonger, keep good accoant 1 befeech you, for I ^m n9t 
eovetous of a fiitgle ftroke beyond my due. 
* « We Al ftood fufpended in ama^e* while this operatipii Vf^A 
carrying on. At lengtli, d|i Jtfae inuant that the execHtiqncr 
Bad given the fiftieth tafli. Hold! cried the fimerman, I have 
ilready received my ftfll fliare of the price. Your (bare f queC- 
tioned the Marquis, what can you mean by that } 

* Why, my lord, you muft khow I h^ve a partner in this 
bufinefr. My honour is engaged to let him have the half of 
whatever J fiiould get 5 and 1 uncy that your bighjiefs will ic* 
faiowledge, by and by, that it would be a tboufand pities tff 
Sefraud him of a fii^gle ftroke. And pray, my friend, .V)^Iu^i$ 
this fame partner of yours? It is the porter, my lord, wfa» 
guards the 'out-gate of yqiir highnefsV palace. He refMfed to 

' admit me; bnt on the condition of promifing hiqi the hadf of 
what 1 Ihould gift for my fiflj. • ' 

' < Oho I — exclaimed the Marquis, freaking out into a. lai^ll^ 
by the Meffing of heaven, he fbadl have his demand douWc^^Cio 
htm in full tale. ^ . , 

< Here, the porter was font for and ftri^ped to the* fkiiH 
when two grooms laid upon him with might and main, till 
ihey rendered him fit to be feinted for a*fecond BartholomeWt 

« The Marquis then prdered.his major dbmo to |^y the fiflief* 
vAao twehty fequins ; and defu-ed him to call yearly for lhc 
like film, in recompence of the friendly office bp had rendered 
him' ^ . 

• Wc cannot take leave of this Author without obfcrvingt^ C# 
our Readers, that in perufing Mr. Brooke's novels, we have 
been frequently reminded of the wild, the romantic, the cn- 
chuftafttc, the vifionary John Buncle. There feeoH, indeed^ a 
great funilitude between thefe two oti^ihal geniufOB* Tbcy are 
both rdigioas champions, though they fight under ^ifif rent baa* 
^lers. Mr. Bunde's zeal for the Unitarian fcheme if well imow^ 
to his readers;. and, in like manner, oar Audior's attacba«ent 
to the Trinitarian hypoificTis, is equally (thoi^b Icfs frequently) 
hvowed and ihanifefted, even in a n^el. Qf this a notable 
Inftance occurs, in vol ii. p. 48, of the prefenj work : to whichj 
however, we muft refer our Readers^ as we havp ali^y ex^ 
tended this article td its proper length. 



A&T. 



, f »«■ 1 ■-' 

A»T. VL SuUi Pap€f$ cdUatd iv Mdmiori ^wrl tf Cldnniiit; W* 
lome the Secpnd* Fo!:o* Large ^aper' i\. lit. vi Stictxu 
Small Pitpev il. 5 s. 6d. Oxford printed, Und fi^d by T* Payne 
in tcndoo, 1773. 

IN the accoiiDts we gave of die ft^r/poer pirt of this ^eajt 
QoUc6Uod, we blamed the £()itof> (or not alw^iys pa/^ 
ing ft, due attention to the order of tu^^ in which the papers 
CN^t to be iniertcd ; and we mentioned two^ inftances in 
{BBiticular^ wherein it appeared to i<sVl;Lat letters had beea. 
iotroduced in an improper place,. It .hath ftn9e been fuddled 
to us, that we were too hafty in our cea,fiu« 1^ aDd that, if we 
4iftd compared the letters in queftion, with the rule and its cx- 
-ce|>tions laid dow» in the preface^ Wfniould have found qq 
jnft caaie for complaint. Not having)* at preient, tbac editioii 
of the Clarendon papers by us to wbich we tben referred^ Wf^ 
tijmaot fay how ^far this ftri^ure upon our, conduct Is wcQ 
^bunded. But we intimated, at tbf t^^ fbat it might be 
akcmed too minaee criticifm, to enlarge pn (he inadv^rt^ncicsi 
-wbtdi bad, as we- thought, occurred to. us; and it muft b^ ac* 
knowledged, that t fagacious and diiigei^ editor may occafioor 
adly- have good mafons for the trani^iition of his m'aiterialst 
-iwhich ma/^not immediately be perceived, even by an atteptiv)e 
reader. 

The Reverend J>f. Richard Si^ropfe, of Magdalen Collegt* 
Ozferd, is the ible publitber of tfa^ volunie before us. Tl^e 
difiosldes attending the u^ertaki^gi . and which have occa- 
iioned the progrefs of it to be flower ifhaii could otberwifc hare 
been defined, are ftated by hidi xv^ the preface & from which we 
Irain, with pleiifurr, that tbe trqftces of the late Lord fiy;^ 
have indulged thb Kditor with n^c)) fuller po^rers of felei^ioi] 
Aaa* wece finrmtiJy given tf> biipai. in conjundllon with his 
^league. 

It was oMtntioiifd in the 5rft volume, that this entire ppllec- 
tion of manuicripts confifted of two pares,, viz. of fuqh papers 
as wcfe given to the Ur^iverfuy by tb? noble defcendanis of the 
£rftJSaiIe{ClarendQr(9 and of fuch. as were communicated bjr 
^rileiietB Kichaiid PQWf>ey« LL- P* in qrder to be publiflied 
joMthr with thie iDweri ^\. whic^b they were originally a part. 
But iince that tfoo there h#s be<n tfanfmitted to the Univerfity 
ei thhrd ahdf v^ maienial pprtipn of the colledion, which was 
iir the poOeiioaf of Jofci^^Radciiffe^ £fq^ one of t^e executors 
$m Bdwand Eaot qf Gljir^iido^y w^a w^^ grandfon tQ the firft 
fiaris and died jo. the }mf 1 723. 

Mine ofthea anftetial a^QeiS^ns b^ve alfo been made to the 
>edledton ; fofl mieh the greater part of which the Public is 
\ to die miw«aii(d mhI^ ^^ induftry of the very worthy 
C 3 and 



tt €l2feniotfi^^tah Papers. 

fud learned Dr. John Douglas, cano|i of Windlbr ; who hat 
^m^de it; his buiinefs to draw together all the detached and 
/catterc^ parts of the. original colledion. It was by means of 
this gentleman, that the re-union between the Powney papers 
;rnd the Hyde part of |he colledion was' tSt&cA. He was 
afterwards commtffioned to purchafe the papers, left by Mr. 
lladcliffCt He has fince himrelf purchafed, and thrown into 
the common ftodc,'a parcel of manufcripts, which belonged to 
the lace Mr. Guthrie* By Dn Douglas's means; other impon>> 
^nt addiMons have been procured ; and the Editor i& obliged to 
him for many valoable hints ahd informacions, which have 
been of confidtrable ofe in conduding the prefent publication. 
The title of the preceding volume was, * State Papers col- 
Icflcd by Edward Earl bf- Clarendon.— Containing the Mate- 
rials from which his Hiftory of the great Rebellion was com- 
rfed, auJ the Authorities on which the Truth of his Relation 
founded.' Prom this title we took occafion to expreft our 
>pprehenfions, that the ilobie Hiftorian had culled out every 
thing of ftcrling worth, and that what was left 'behind, was little 
l)etter than drofs. But now a very dift'erent fcene ^refents it- 
(etf. The Editor is convinced, upon a farther inCght into tho 
'materials before him, of the impropriety of continuing, the fame 
title to the fecond volume, which was prefixed totl^ former ; 
^d which was then adopted upon a very partial view and com- 

r' arifon of the contems of it with the hlftory of the rebellion. 
For, not to mention, fays Dr. ScropQ, that there are many 
valuable papers below the period of that hiftory, it will appear^ 
fven upon a curfory reading of this volume alone, that there 
;ire many curious and entertaining particulars of which Lord 
Clarendon has talcen no notice, either in that hiftory, or to has 
]ife, and the continuation of his life, publtflied a few ]rean 
fince ; and ilill farther, that t))ere is at leaft one very tmporc» 
^nt point of bi(lory^ on. which be has alfo been filent, the tui- 
certainty whereof has afforded matter of cbntroverly to the 
^ble{l hiftorians of later days, but which is by tbefe papers 
placed beyond ^11 manner of doubt. Indeed, ^here is nothing 
fnore evident, than that much of his hiftory of the rebeUion 
was compofed when he was at a diftance from thofe autterials, 
%)^t mpft important parts of which are now, and will herealieri 
be ptefipntcd to the Public in the prefent work.* 

If this account Qicws, as it undoubtedly doth, that the cc4- 
. legion of the -Clarendon ftate papers is much more valuable 
$ind interefting than we at ntft apprehended, it refleAs, at the 
fame time, a proportjonahle degree of difcredit oit the hiftory of 
(h^ rebcll ion* Independently of Lord Claicodon's particular 
'{pX\x\tn^ni% and reprefentations of things, we have long beei 
if aA^^I^ (M therp a^e fpveral inftgnces iq whid^ he 4* qnooeous 



<vt defeflive in his relation of h&s themfetvcs. This h now 
rendered indubitable by the publication before us, and by the 
teftimony of a friend to hia memory) who, of all others, is the 
beft acquainted with the fubjed. As thefe papers will be too 
▼olumtnous and expenfive e^r to fall into the hands of the ge- 
nerality of readers, it muft certainly hereafter be defirable, igt 
fome well-wi(her to the noble Earl's reputation, to col ledi to- 
gether the various particulars, by which he would probably Jiave 
given additional accuracy and perfedion to his hiftory, had he 
been poflefled of bis original and authentic memorials, at the 
time in which it Was finiihed. 

The papers comprised in this volume, commence in the 
year 1637, and are brought down to King Charles the Second's 
fafe arrival on the Continent after the battle of Worceficr \ (b 
that they include a moft important and interefting period of 
the £ngli(h brftory, to which they may juftly be regarded as a 
valuable acquifition. 

• In the firft fct of letters which we here meet with, we have 
a continuation of Secretary Windebank's correfpondence with his 
Majefty, and feveral eminent perfons. Thefe were probably the 
Secretary's moft confidential diipatches, which eicaped the vigi« 
lance of the parliament. They relate to various tranfadHoos at 
home and abroad, down to the 1 6th of O^ober, 1 640 ; and many 
of them are very curious. The following letter, from the Earl of 
Newcaftle, on his being appointed Gentleman of the Bedcham- 
ber to the Prince of Wales, may fervc to fhew the high feufc 
which the nobility at that time entertained of a court favour. 
The Earl of NewcafUe to Mr. Secretary Windebank. 
Noble Sir, 

** I befeech yoo to prefent me In the moll humble manner in the 
world tO' his Sacred Majefty, and to let his Majedy know I Oiall as 
cheerfully as diligently obey his Majeily^s commands. Truly, the 
infinite uvoar» honour, and trad his Majefty is pleafed to heap on 
me in this princely employment, is beyond any thing^I can exprefs. 
It was beyond a hope of the moft parti^ thoughts I had about me ; 
neither is there any thing in me left, bat a thankful heart filled Avith 
diligence, and obedience to his Sacred Majefty*s will. 

** It is not the leaft favour of the King and Queen's Majefti<?s t6 
let me know my obligation. And I pray. Sir, humbly inform their 
Majefttes, it is my gceateft bleffiog that I owe myfelf to none but 
their Sacred Majefties. God ever preferve them and their's, and 
make me worthy of their Majefties' favours ! 

'* I have had but feldom the honour to receive letters from you % 
but fuch as thefe you cannot write often. But truly 1 am very proud 
I received fuch nappy news by your hand, which ihall ever oblige 
me to be inviolably, 

Sir, Your moft faithful 
Welbeck, the 1 1 ft of and obliged Servant, 

March 1657. W. Newcastle.** 

C 4 In 



i|4 0$MAotC§ Sut$ Tafdfs^ 

In (M^e td !tVio4ebank*8 tettcri to hia Majeify; iKefe it tii kih 
torica) ciccumftaoce, rclpefiing Sir FfMKu SeyflMmr*^ c&odiiA 
in the aflFair of Ship-oKmcy^ wJuch it mucb to diat geBtieiiiui'« 
bopour, aiid is little^ if at all, known, l^he marginai Aote of 
the Kiogt accompanying the letter, is a fufficient' indication of 
bia arbitrary principles. 

^* Sir Fraocis Seymour, upon complaint of the Qitriif of Wi]ts» 
^at he refuied to pay the ihlppipg-money, amd tMl his example 
diifcouraged others, which is the caafe of the great arrears in th^t 
^oanty, was called to the board upon Wedoefday laft : where he tol^ 
the lords, he had againft his confcience, an^ upon the importonity 
of his friends, paid that mojaey twice 5 but now his confcience would 
futfer hiqf no more to do a thing (as he thoo^ht) fo contrary to law 
and to the liberty of a (bbje^.- He (nrther acquainted the lords^ 
be bfld tauly received a leuex' from the board, giving him notice Of 
your Majedy't expedition in 1^ >farth, and was ready to give ad 
infwer. My lords apprehending by his boldneis in the Aipping 
bufinefs, that he came pr^ared with a worfe on this, told hbn they 
^ Cxpedlcd his anfwer in writing, and would i^t hearken to any ver- 
bal difcourfe : only wjfhed hLp to be well a4vi/ed how he (pake 
againft the legality of the former^ feeing it is fettled by a judgment, 
arid fo confirmed by the judges. Hf 
" 71f wiMfi needs make would have replied ; bqt iny lords com-i 
l^m am exampU^ mi enfy manded him to withdraw ; and after, cave 
iy dlirefi^ lui^ if it ^ Sir Edward Baynton, the fkttiff of the 
f^bU^ an it^ormatioii in county for the preoedeit ytar, commandA 
Jhme ecmrti, of f4r, A^nrtut fflcjit to diftrain his goodi ; which he hark 
fiali a4*v}/e. hitherto iprborn in regard of his birth* aQ4 

C. ^. .P9*fr in the country ; and he verily be- 

lieves, he will make rcfillancc. 

**'TIiis is too much unpleafing matter 
fiamvih 23 Maj 1639. for jfour Mj^efty, for which I moft humbly 
crave your princely pardon, aAd that I maj 
ncverthelefs have the honour to reH 
Vour Majeft)'*s 

^oH humble ai[id obedient 
Drury Lane, Subjcft and Servant, 

J4.thMay 1^3 . Fran. V^i«debank.V 

Among the reft of Secretary Windebank'a papery, wc find 

& narrative, by Lord Conway,, of his condud in th^ afS^ion at 
, cwburn^ and of the reafofis of his retreat from Newcaftle ; 
which throws important light upon thofe events^^ and (hews, be-» 
^ofld a ceafoiuble doubt, diat bia Lor4fi)ip hath bcea very itn-* 
juftly. cenfqred by all our biftoriatis, not excepting the flarl of 
Citrendon hlmfelf. 

Sir Francis Windebank's difpatches are fucceeded by a num* 
ber of lettefSt written by a v^ety of perfons^ on a variety of 
occaGons. Here Mr. Hyde's correspondence properly begins j 
and it is intermixed with many other papers* reUtive to the 
Affairs both of England and Ireland. The letter (ubjoioody from 

the 



die Laki MmmtMtm to tkfi KmtI of »tr^fE^^ will ^ 4^m€i 
fheiinofc remarkably, as it was feat to that ^oblw^u^ the dajr 
'befair bia ;exccMttQfi. 

The Lord Moantnorris to the £arl of Strafford. ' 
Myl#or4.c . ^ 

** With all humble fincerij^ of be^Mt I fpeak tt, I come not to yoa 
to diHurb your peace» but to further it. My conieience witnefleth 
Wi A K?e, «s I hope ^r ^v^ioAi thatt until you took away the Se^^ 
cretary's {Jnce mm w^ J hoiMmred and efteemed ^ou as my b^ 
friend, and p«vftr wittingljr Qffir94e4 you in word or deed, but nn* 
boiojned my heart and advice to yofi* as I would have done to my 
fiither, if htt had been liviagp And how fervently 1 (ought your r^^ 
conciliation» my feveral letters, and my poor afiii^ed wi^'t, written 
and dire&ed.to Y^urftlf, may teftify for me. You brought me into 
difgi^ce GsmkUSkblf with, my Rtacious Sovereign; whom 1 call God 
to be my witneft I have ferved wjth sll poflible JTa^hfuInelk : ^ tbc^ 
^cprivii^ B^ of his Ma^lly'^ f^ybur^ hath been, and h more griev« 
ous td mt than any deaxb can be* Yon have pubUckly di(hoooure4 
and diigracod i^e by accufiqg me of bribery, corruption, and oppref^ 
fion, whereof my God knows I am inpocent ; ina for trial thereof ( 
have fuhmit^ niy felf to the ftrifleft forutiny of tl^| parliament. You 
have by a high and powerful IkmmI by miiin&rmadon to his Majefty^ 
irippcd mn of iftU tey offices and f n^pWymcnts, and fo ioipoveritbe4 
a^e iln n^ a^tate^ and broughl fo n^any calamities upon me and m\( 
iiiikitSs4 w9l apd her &v«a children, who are nearly allied to hei^ 
tiiajt is &£uttt in heaven, and w^ the mother of your dear children, 
•s have rained their footon^s* which I hoped would have been adr 
vaaced by y6ur favourable furtherance. My {jord, I beieech yon 
pardon me ibr. making this woefol relation^ which proceeds from 9, 
grieved fiifrowful foul with teai? from my eyes ; not for mvfelf, (foe 
I ble6 Cod my aftiflions have weaned^ m^ fron^ this world, and my 
Ibcart is fiiced upon a heavenly habitaoon) but for my poor infanta* 
fokes* whom I am Hke by thefo ocpaiions to leave dulrefled, if hia 
lifajefty take noit .oon6deratk)n of them. If your («ord(hip's heart 
do not tell yon yon h»re bee^too croel to meand mine, Imuft leave it 
iothe^ipardicX'Qf allJiesrts t» be judge batwi^ct as; but if it do,.yoa 
may be pleafed, in difcharge of a good confcience, to make fome iig« 
atication thereof to his Ari^eiiy 1 and I wili not doubt but my God 
will difpofb ^h Ms^efty 'shear t to t^ cprap^ffion of my poor infants, 
and rewaiid it into the bofom of yoa^ and your's accordingly. And, 
»y Lord, i do £|[0» my heart forgive you ajlthe wrongs you have 
dosecomeand imne; and do upon the kneesof my heart befccdl 
my God not to ky ^em to your charge, but to receive your fbul 
into his ^oriona prefeoeei where all tears ihaU be wiped fkom 
jpmt tye^ Aaon* amen, forcer Jefnsl which (hail be the inccffant 
sSrayerof 

^ YowrLofdftrff^'s 

itofMaytd4U Broths in Chri# Jefos, 

FaA. MOVNTKORRIS.'* 

. (jord Digby having fpoken^ in a letliier written frdg) Dul)lja 
ta Sir Edward Hyde ) 0^ the proccedin^a againfi. the ^arl of 

GlaiBOfga% 



126 ClarendonV ^ait Paperi. 

Glamorgan, relative to his cdminifioA to treat with the Irifli 
Catholics, the Editor hath taken oocafiooi/o introduce a very 
curious letter from that Earl to Lord Claren^ony ibon after the 
Reftoration, 

The Marquis of Worcefter (late Ear! of Glamorgan) to the Earl of 
' Clarendon. 

My I^rd Chancellor, 
" For his Msjcfty*s better infbrniation» through your fiivoor, and 
hy the channel of your Lord{hip*a nnderftandiirg ihingi n^tXy^ give 
me leave to acqdaint yoa widi one chief key, wheremch to opea 
the fecret paiTages between his late ^Majefty and myielf in order to 
his fervice ; which was no other than a i«al expofing of myielf toaof 
^xpence or difiicnlty, rather than hk jaft defign (hould not tiJco 
^lace ; or, in taking effed, that his hbdour fhoold faffer. An efied. 
yon may jnftly fay, relifhing more of a fi^flionate and blind tfiec<* 
tion to his Majeftv's fervice, than of difcrcdon and care of mf(c\£m^ 
This made me taKe a refolndon that he (honld have fi«med angry 
with me at my retnm out of Ireland, until I had brought hiAi into a 
pofture and power to own his commands, to make good his inftroc" 
lions, and to rewaitf my faithfalnef^ and zeal therein* 
^ ^ Your Lordfhip may well wonder, and the King too, at the am- 
plitude of my commiffion. But when you have anderftood the height 
of his Majefty's deiign, you will foon be fatiafied that nothing left 
could have made me capable to efiedl it ; being that one army oif tea 
thoufand men was to have come out of Ireland through North Wnles; 
another, of a like number at lead under mv command in chief, have 
iexpe6led my return in South Wales, which Sir Henry Gage was to 
have commanded as Lieutenant General; and a thiid (honld have 
confided of a matter of fix thoufand men, two thou&nd of which were 
to have been Liegois, commanded by Sir Francis Edmonds, two 
thoufand Lorrainers to have been commanded by Colonel Bro^e, 
and two thoufand of fnch French, Englilh, Scots, and Iri(h, as could 
be drawn out of Flanders and Holland. And the fix'thoufitad were 
toJiave been, by the Prince of Grangers affiftance, in the flffiieiated 
counties : and the Governor of Lyne, coofin-german to Mi^<h> 
Bacon, Major of my own regiment, was to have delivered the towa 
unto them. 

* ** The maintenance of this army of foreigners was to have come 
from the Pope, and fuch Catholtck Princes as he (hould draw into it, 
having engaged to afibrd and procure 309000 1. a month ; out of 
which the loreign army was firft to be provided for ; and the remain- 
der to be divided among other armies. And for this purpofe had I 
power to treat with the Pope and Catholick Printes with pardcnlar 
advantages promifed to Catholicks, for the quiet enjoying their re^ 
iigion, without the penalties which the ftatotes in force nad power 
to inHJ^ upon them. And my inftruftions for this purpofe, and my 
powers to trea| and conclude thereupon, were figned by the King 
linder his pocket fi^net, with blanks for me to pot in the aaaws m 
Pope or Princes, to the end the King might have a ftardng hole to 
deny the having given me fuch coonniffions, if excepted agaiaft by 
his own fubjeds ; leaving me as it were at ftake, who for his M4« 
j^y*s fake was willing to undergo it, tmfting to his word alone. 

«« la 



*^ Tn like {nanner did I not ftick n^n kniring thb comaifliott 
inrolled or aflented' onto by his Cooncili nor iiMetd the Teal to be 
pat onto it in an Ofdinary manner, bot as Mr. Endymion Porter and 
1 coold perform it, with rollers and no fcrew-preis, 

'* One ihkig I befeech your Lordfliip to obTerve. that though T had 
DOwer by it to erefl a mint any where, and to dlfpoie of his Ma- 
jefty*s revenues and delinquents' eftates, yet I never did either to the 
Talue of a forthing, notwith^oding my own necei&cies, a^know^ 
ledging that the intention of thoTe pow^s given me, was to make ule 
-of them when the armies (hoold be afoot ; which dcfign being broken 
by tey commitment in Irdaod, I made no ufe of thofe powers ; 
and confeouently, repaying no«r whatever was difb^rfed by any for 
patents of honour, as now I am contented to do, it will evidently 
appear that nothiog hath ftuck to jny fingers in order to benefit or 
iblf-intereii ; which I h«n»bly fi^bmit to his Majefly-s princely con^ 
£dermtioo, and the mamf^aienc of. my concerns therein to your 
Lord/hip s grave judgment, and to the care of me» which your Lord- 
ihip was pioafed to own was recommended unto you by the late King, 
my mod gracious Mafter, of glorious memory ; and the continuance 
thereof is moil humbly implored and begged by me who am really 
and freely at your Lprd&ip's difpofal, firit^ in order to his Majefty s 
'ftrvke, and next to the applying mylelf, 
My Lord, 

Yoor Lordfhip's mod really affedionate 
' Jane ii , i66o. and mod humble Servant, 

WoRCBSTEa.** 

Dr, Scrope obferves^ in a note, that this letter is decifive of 
the difpute concerning theaitrhenticity of the commifEon granted 
to the Earl of Glamorgan. But, in the preface, he retraorthis 
aflertion, as too inconriderately expreffed. The letter, he fayt« 
does not prove the commiflton to be authentic^ the proof there 
refting folcly upon the veracity of the writer, a very intercKed 
perfon. The £)odor takes notice, however, that the authen- 
lidty of the commiffion is abundantly confirmed by two letters 
from Sir Edward Hyde to Secretary Nicholas, and by a letter of 
Mbnf. MontreuiPs to the King, all of which are inferted in this 
volume. The general fa£t, therefore, is now afcertained beyond 
contradidion, whatever credit be paid to fome of the particular 
circumfiances mentioned by the Earl of Glamorgao. 

We fliall clofe the prefent article, with a ipirited letter of 
tx>rd Culpeper'sy concerning the ftate pf his Majefty'a afBurt - 

The Lord Culpeper to Mr. John Aihbambam» 
'* This is again mod eamefUy to intreat you to bend all your wi$s 
to advance the Scotch treaty. It is the only way Itft to faye the 
crown and three kingdoms ; all other tricks will deceive ^oo. This 
is no age for miracles \ and certainly the King's condition is fuch, 
ihitt lefs than a mirade cannot fave him without a treaty, nor any 
treaty (probably) bot that. If this take, the King will be in London 
in yi%Kt before phf iftmiu. Therefore, if the opportunity I left in 

your 



St PUUJipbuafTfafi/UlioHfi fir thi Tear 1773; 

jrocrr power be loft, gfre not over tilt you find another ; and iT foa 
£i>d it nott make it. It is no time to ckUIy ttpon diftinflioiis omA 
xrkidrns. All the world will laugh at them when a crown is iu 
queftiQn* If yoo can make the Scots yoor friends dMn any IumkII 
Henns, do it. Remember^ that kingdom onited, and w North, And 
rise King^ frtemJs at London, will quickly ntaRer any oppofitm 
^htch the independents can make. The queftion ought not to be. 
Whether, but how, yotf (hoald do ih If yon can engage a tKaty, 
^t a nafsfbr me, I will qnickly be with yoa. Whether the King take 
my advice, or not, he will beHevrk 10 be the bell couafel that ever 
^as given htm. The beft yon can ho|)e for in the Weft It a reprieves 
lilidlunimer-day will not leave the'Kiag one town in it : livland witf 
be a broken reed ; neither can I believe much in Scotland withoitt n 
treaty. As for foreign force, it is a vain dream. At foes as Fmr* 
fsx advancetb, all the horfe here are in a aet, withont poffibiltty ei- 
liier to b^ak through, or to fave th emfe lre s in our garrifons. Tb^ 
borfe loft^ it will he nnpofBble ever to get op an army again : and fif 
yon faw os, yon wonld believe we are not in condition to fight. The 
^iaily venture of the King's perfbn will be great ; (b vmll Uie hazard 
be of the Princess eicaping In^ond fea, if he (hould be put to it^ 
and if he were there, it would be a M condition ; and if he were t* 
fall bto the rebels' hands, the King were undone, undone. , If half 
your Scots news be true, the intereft of that nation is clearly of your 
fide ; and /on may gain them, and thereby certainly fave the crown^ 
^f you will. But yon muft not ilick upon circumftancea, nor part 
unwillingly with what you cannot keep. . Your treaty muft not be an 
vnderha^ one, (that wHI deceive yon) but an avowed one with Lef- 
]e^ and Calander. As foon as they have pronnfed to piotcd thfc 
Kmg's perfon and his prerogative,, he n fafer with tlttm. than in 
JNmraftle. All thaa they can a(k, or the King part wiih» is a trifle in 
acyQp^ft of the f rice of a crown. Diijpiite not wbilft you. (hould re- 
ibivc; nor fpend in debate that precious time which is only fit for 
tt^lion. This opportunity loft is not to be Recovered. Ufe this bearer 
Jciiidty* If there be a Scotch treaty, his Lord miift be at one end 
ofity and will be very ufeful. He belicveth this letter h wholly coti- 
cerning his Lord. Send him fpeedily back; 'and write at large by 
1dm and all other weys to, &c. 
February. 

. . . [To hi ecncbided In aur nsxiJ] 

AftT^VlL ^hiUfifhuulTranfaaiofa^ Vot.. tjcii. 4tO.. 14 s (hidved. 
Dayiea. 1773- r 

WE find, by an advcrtifement prefixed to this v<i)iiine» 
thatj in confequence of a rrfolutidn, at a council of 
the Royal Society, Tart. 28, \^^%^ the PbilofopivieaK Tianfac* 
tioiis win be pubjjmed twice in each year. Aceordiirgly tire 
voliime before us* and the lA part * of vol. Ixtii. have appeardl 

* The volume ^ox each year is forihe future, to be pubjilhed in 
fwo parts, under the diftinft titles of " Firft Paxt,'^ and ^^ :5econJd 
''-n, ' of the volume. 

within 



PhlkfofbUal TranfaSlhns^ for the Yior 1773. ay 

within the fpace' of a few^ months paft. The fixty-fccond vo- 
lume} however, has the firft claim co a place in our Review; 
and we fhail begin with thofe articles which relate to 

Astronomy. 
Article 4. Extras of a Letut from Mr. George JViuhell^ F.R.S. 
and Ma/ier of the Royal Academy .at Portjmouth^ to Charles Mvr^ 

• ton^ M.D. Sec. R, S,inttft'7g Jome Account of a Solar Ecli^t 
\ oj^ferved at George^ tfiand^ by Captain JVal&i\ and ffveral ajiio* 
/ mthical Ohfirvauom made at Portjmouth, 

This cclipfc was obfcrvcd, on the 15th of July 1767, from a 
point of land, the latitude of which, deduced from the mean of 
many cfbfcrvatioiw, isr t7« "y/ South ; and the longitude, deter- 
mined,* by various obftrvations^of the diftance of the fun from the 
moon, between i49<» 30^ and 149 •* 50' Weft from London. Mr. 
IfiPiycA^// tomputes the longitude from tlic end of the ecllp^ 
Which ^em> to have been more exactly afcertained than the 
beginning, and finds it 9 h. 55' 55'' Weft from Gr^nwich^ 
or 148^ 58' i. Which is 41' i lefe than the mean refult of the 
lunar oUervaUons ; A difference, all ctrcumftances Confidered; 
Inot very greit, as thefe were the firft obiervations that were effct 
tnad^ on this i&and. 

The 6ther Dbfervatlotfs tdntained ih thi^ article arc thofeof 
meitdian tranfits for determining the folfiices and the oppofi- 
tfons of the threi fuperior planets. . They were partly made by 
Mr, Bradley^ and partly by Mr. lyitchelL . From a comparifoa 
pf the former obfervations it appears that the true 2enith dif- 
tance of the fun's center 

* At the winter folftice is - ' - - 74*^ 16^ ^^^4, 
' And at the fummer Iblftice - - 27 19 51.6 

Therefore, the diftance of the Tropics 46 56 21,8 

The half of which is - - 23 28 lo . 9 
By Mr. Mayer's tables, the decrement of 

the obliquity in three months is - - . 1 

Hencethemean6bIiquity,Dec,2i, 1770,1323 28 ii%o 

Junc2i,r77i, 23 28 10.8 

And from thefe obfervationi the latkude of their ob&rvatory at 

Partfmotub appears to be 50^ 48^ tJ' 4 North. * 

Article 6. Di reliant for ufing the common Micrometer^ tatenfrom 

et Paper in the late Dr. Bradley's Hand-writing : Communikatod 

^ Nevil Mafketyney Aflronomer Royal, and F, R. S. 

The firft ufe of micrometers uras eolv that of meafuring finall 
angles, fuch as the diameters of the fun and moon, arid other 
plai i t t s, an d t aking the Jiftai t ce of feeh e bjcQs , as appeared 
within the apertt^^e of the felefcope at the fame time t l>ut they 
luvf fince been contrived for more general ufe ; and» in their 
4 laicr 



N. ^ 

30 PbikfiphUalTranfaAimSifir tbiTiori'J'j^^ 

*atcr conftruftlon, anfwer the end of taking the difiirenccof 
right afcenfion and declination of thole objeds, which, in their 
apparent diurnal motion follovr one another through the tele- 
fcope, provided it be kept in the fame fituatioti. This paper 
contains very ufeful indrudions for applying the micrometer 
to every kind of obfcrvation, of which it is capable. It doea 
not admit of an abridgment, and our limits will not allow us to 
infert'the whole of it. 

Article 9. A DeduSihn of tbt quantity of the furCs parallax from 
the Comparifon of the fever al Obfervations of the late Tranfit of 
Venusy made in Europe, with thofe made in George IfUmd in the 
South Seas : Communicated by Mr. Euler^ jun. Secretary of thi 
Imperial Academy at Peterfburg ; in a Letter to Charles Aurton^ 
M.D. ^c. 

An abridgment of a diflertatkm on this fubjed writfen by 
^i. Le:(itL^ a member of the imperial academy, and to be in* 
ferted in the 1 6th volume of their Commentaries. By com* 
paring fcveral obfervations and applying the neceflary correc- 
tions, he makes the fun's parallax 8.^' 55. 
Article 14, A Letter from Mr. Peter Dollond to Kevil Majkelynif 
F.R.S. and Ajlronomer Royal \ defcribing fomk Additions and 
Alterations made to Hadkfs ^adrant^ to render it moreferina^ 
able at Sea. 

The principal improvements introduced by Mr. Dollond in 
the conftrudion of Hadlef^ quadrant, relate to the methods of 
adjufting the glades for the back obfervation. For this purpofe he 
applies an index to the back horizon glafs, by which it may be 
moved into a parallel pofition to the index glafs : and by mov- 
ing this index exadly 90^, the glafs is fet at right angles to 
the index glafs, and is properly adjufted for ufe* In order ta 
fix the horizon glafles in a perpendicular pefition to the plane 
of the inftrument, he has contrived to move each of them by a 
(ingle fcrew, that goes through the frame of the quadrant, and < 
which may be turned by means of a milled head at the back, 
while the obferver is looking at the objc<£t. Mr. D. has like- 
wife placed the darkening glafles, propofed by the Aftronomer 
Royal^ in (nth a manner, that they may be eadly turned behiml 
either of the two horizon glafles | and of thefe there are threcr 
different ihades. 

Article 15. • Remarks on the Hadleys\^adrant, tending prin^- 
cipally to remroe the Difficulties which have hitherto attended ttk 
XJJe of the Back'Obfeivation^ and to obviate the Errors ihtft 
might arife from a IVant of Parallelifm in the two Surfaces of tbt 
Index'Glafs. By Nevil Mafkelyne, F. R. S. i^c. 
■ I I II I ■ I ■ ■ i _ . ■ lit J I I J 

* See the Nautical Almanack for 1774* 

Some 



fbibfipbiiol Trofl/a^ictu^ fvt tbeTior 1773; 31 

Some Biethod of facilitating the back-obfervation in the ufe of 
HtuUt/n quadrant^ is ^iblutdy neceflary to the perfedion of this 
ufeful fnftrtunejit. In order to this, the back horizon- glafs muft 
be carefully adjufted and the fight muft be direfied parallel to the 
plane of the quadrant. Mr. DoUond has contrived to obviate 
the firft diffic^ulty by a new conftr(i£lion» of which \ye have 
given a brief account in the preceding article. The proper ad<^ 
juftment of the line of fight, or axis of the tcle(cppe, is the. 
fiibje^ of this article. If the quadrant be not fitted with a 
telefcope, a direftor of the fight fhould by no means be omitted : 
but wlien a tcMpope is ufed, the exaS pofition of it is a mat- 
ter of great importance ; and therefore Mr. M. lias fuggefied 
feveral direSions for this purpofe* He recommends an adjuft* 
ing piece to be applied to the tclefcope, in order to malce its axis 
parallel to the plane of the quadrant v the filvcring of the back 
horizonrglais ; and the placing of two filver thick wires within 
the eye-tube in the Jocua of the eye glafs, parallel to one ano- 
ther and to the pl^e of the quadrant. He then propofe^s two 
methods for bringing the axis of the telefcope into a poruion 
parallel to the plane of the q.uadrant* In the fequel of the 
paper there are many inftru&ions and remarks, that may be oi 
ipreat ufe, both to thofe who make and to thofe who ufe ^bia 
loftrument. . . 

Article 24* A lattir /rem Jchn Call, Efq'f to Ntvil Majieljm^ 
F* R. S. Jlfirgmnur Rfyal^ cMaining a Skttch of the ^Ignsofthe 
Zodiac, fannd in a Pagoda^ n$^ Cape Comer in in India. 
This letter is attended with a drawing, taken from the ciel- 
ing of a Qfotdtry 01 Peigoda at Verdapettah in the Madurah counr 
try« The cielipg is of a fquare figure, from the center of 
which is fufpended by two hooks a throne on which the Deity 
or Swamy^fits, when exhibited to the worfiiippers. in. the . 
fides and at the angular points are delineated the figures of the 
12 figns of the Zodiac : Aries and Haurus are to the £aft ; Ge* 
nam in the South £afi angle ; Cancer and Leo to the South } ' 
Virgo in the Squth-Wcft corner ; Libra and Scorpio to the 
Wdli^^rjr/i!^; to the North- Weft j Capricornus and Aqua* 
rim to the North, and Pi/cis to the North- taft. Mr. Call in- 
forms us, that he has often, met with detached pieces of tbb 
kind, but with only one fo complete. And he cooje£iures, that 
the SigtM of the Zodiac now in ufe among Europeans were prir 
gioally derived from the Indians by Zorpafter and Pythagoras ; 
and as tbefc pbilofophers are fiill fpokei} of in India under the 
names of Z/r^i^ and Pyttagore^ he fii)!gefts the idea, that the 
worfhip of the cow, which fiill prevails i;i that cqujjtry, wa^ 
tranfplanted from thence into Egypt. He thinks ^ it may be 
£ifely pronounced that no part of the world has more marks of 
antiquity for arts, ^lences, and cnltivation, than the Pcnin» 
f, fula 



jl nUkfophii^ TrdnfiMmu for th$ IW* 1773. 

Alia of Ittdtfl, ffoin the Ganges t6 Ca{M Coiti6riR 1 nor b there 
in tbe worM a §iier cHmnte, or f aoe of ibe coMftry, nor 9 fjpol 
better inhabited, or Aled with towm, templet^ andvillagei, 
tban this Tpact is throughout^ if China and feme parts of Europe 
are cxdB^d.* 

Mr. CaH baa tranAnitttd to the Society tbe roanufcripts of 
tbe late Mr. RMm^ which b^ entrufted with bim at hit death i 
tbey have Itoce been examine by fevefal of tbe membe#t) who 
found, that they conuin nothing material more than hat been 
already printed ; excepting a treatifa on military diltiplf n« ; 
which may probably be inferted in tbe next editkNi of his 
works. 

I^ ATHEMATICt 

Arricle 22. KOEKINON EPATOZeEHOTZ : ar, rh$ Suw 
ifEratofthmei. Being an AceOtmi rf hit MHb$d pf fihS^g all thi 
Primi Numkns. By the Rev. Samuel He^fley^ /. *. S. 
Tbe nature and diftindion of prime and cocnpofite mimbtn 
are generally undcrftood } fo is tikewife the matbodof dettr- 
minmg) whether feveral numbers propofed be prime or compo* 
. lite wi(fa refjp^a to one another : thia is a problem, tbe Motion 
of which Budid has given in the three firft pfopoifitiona of tbe 
^th book of the Elements, and it is Co be met with in the com- 
mon treatifes of arithmetic and algebra. But to dttermi«e 
whether any nunfber propofed be abfolutely prime or compofife 
is much more difficult } dor doea there feem to be ar^ general 
method^ whereby this problein may be Sre&iy folved } and 
whereby a table may be conftruded, including all the pifme 
numbers to any given Kmrt« Eratofcheiies, who wma fo jufliy 
celebrated * among the fages of the Alexandrian fetmol,' con* 
trived an \ndirt& method for conftrudmg fuch a table, and for 
carrying it to a great length, in a (bort timoi and with imk Im* 
boun This curious imfcniion has been defcribtd only by twio 
very obfcure writers, and has diercfore in a^reac meaTum 
efcaped notice* 1 be names of Nicmaihui (atrafininj who, 
among other treaties, wrote an ^kwoLyayei A^i^/u^ik^, and 
lived in tbe 3d or 4th century, and Beethiks^ whofe (ceatife of 
numbers is only an abridgment of tbe ^ wretched performanoe* 
of tbe former, are but little known. 

Mr. Horfley prefents the Society with a particular account oif 
Ibis extraordinary iavention : ik^hicb he confiders * as one of 
the moft precious remnants of antient' arithmetic/ He has not 
tbought it neceflary to confine bimfelf in every particular to the 
account of Nicomacbus^ moft of whofe obTervaticms are ehber 
erroneous or foreign to the purpofe $ ind that tbe learned may 
judge bow far he has done juftice to this invention, he baa fete* 
joined extrafis both from the treatiie of Nieemaihtt^ tod tJtit 
jhithmetica of Boetbiui. Mn //. Q\^tnt%^ tbac ^^ ficsre e€ 

> Eratoftbcaea 



Philofophical frOfi^a^f^ /of the fear 1773,' 39 

&r^k>(lhene%is a vqfy dUFa-^t^ih^g frcunxbat table^ which haf 
bcea falfely afcribed to hio), and which is printed at the end 
X)f ihc beautiful edition of Jnius publiiKed a: Oxford. ia 1762, 
and adorned wjtb ^he title o{ K^fr^yov Epxrcr^tuitg^ This^* he 
apprehepdS) was copied from ftbpic G^eeic comipent upon the' 
arithmetic of Nicomachuf, and. to have been the prodiition o^ 
(bme monk in a barbarous age^ and.not the whole of tl^e myea* 
lion qf £ratoilbenes. , . - . ^^ • . 

. We will tranfcriipe thi^ problem, with its (bl^ipi?^ iW tbt 
amusement of our nuthemaxical Readers : .. * 

I . • Problem, fa, find all thg prime numhers^ , 
Th« number 2 is a prime nurabei; j but, except 2j no cveit 
number is prime, bccaufe every cve^' number, except 2, is di- 
yifible \^y a, ^nd ;is tb^reforf comppfite. Hence it follows^ 
that all the prime numi>ers, except the number ^, afe included 
in the feries of the odd ^umh(yrs,in their natural ofcl^r, infinitely 
extended, 0at js, ill the feries, ... 
^5.7. 9. II. 13. IS. 17- '9v^ir23»25. 27. 219.3t.3>3j»&C4 
Every number^ which is not prime. Is, a multiple of iiime prime 
number, as Ei^clid jfiath demonilrated (l£|cment. 7. pr^, 33)* 
therefore the foregoixig fcries confifls of the prime n^umbcfrs, ami 
of multiples of the primes. Anfl ^he muUiplri of every num- 
ber in the Xexies follow at r^ular diil«iiices^ by. atti^uding to, 
which circumflance all the multiples, that is^ ;)U th^ rompo* 
fite nuitibers, may be cafily difTmguilbed and exterminateJ/-**-^ 

• For between 3 and its'iirft multiple in the feries (9) two num- 
bers intervene. Between 9 and the next multiple of 3^(45) 
two numbers likewire intervene, whiCb arc not mukipfes of 3/ 
* Again, between 5 arid its .firft* multiple (15) four num- 
bers intervene, which are nptmultiplfspf j/^— * In lilc^nW^ 
tier, between every pair of the mohiples of ^s a^ they (taiSlRA 
tlieir natural order In the ferres, fix numbers intcrv^e,' wKfch 
are not multiples of 7, Uniirerfally, bietween every two mul- 
tiples of any number », as they ftaild in their naptural brder iit 
the feries, «— i numbers intervene, \Vhich arc not multiples of 
ir. Hence may be derived an opdriatiort for extermioatiftg thd 
compolite numbers, which I take to have been the operation of 
the fievc, and is as follows t ' 

7 he Operation of the Sievi, 
Count all the terms of. the feries following the riumbj^r 3, b/ 
three, and. expunge every third number. Thus all the rtiuU 
tiplcs of 3 ire expunged. The firft uncancelled' nurttbcfr that 
appears in' the feries. aftc!r % is 5. Expunge ttte fcjuare 
of 5* Count all the term^ of the feries, which follow the 
fquareof J* by fives, and expunge every fifth numl^er, if not 
expunged before. Thus all the multiples of 5 are e>(punged^ 
l/?hich were not at firft expunged, among the multiples of 3. 

• K£ir« Jan. I774r D The 



|0 Ih Sd^fu^ Vhb. 

The natt^w^BcdM number to < b 7. Kcpmige the fi|iiM 
0f 7. Count all the terms of the ieries following the fquare of 
7« fey ferenst nd expunge every (eventh number, if not ex- 
.^nged before. Thus an the mdtipltt of 7 are expunged^ 
#nich were not before expunged among the muMplei of 3 or 
5 /'*-*-'* Continue tbefe expan^Hons till the firft uncanceled 
Aitmber that ap^ean, next to that wbofe multiples have been 
laii expunged, is fuch, that hs fijaare is j^reater than the laft 
and g;reatm dumber to which the fories is extended. The 
num&rs which then remain uncancelled «re all the prime mm- 
berS| except the liumber a, which occur in the natural pro- 

{^reiBon of number from i to the limit of thd feriet • By the 
imit of the ftries I mean the laft and g|[5^^ number, to whteh;' 
It is thought proper to extend it. THut the ^kne mimberf 
are found to any given Kmrt f •' 
Article 30. Geometricot Scbttiom tf ^n ceMratii Jfirmomkal 

PrcbUms^ bf the hi$ Dr. Henry Fimberton. Commumcatei if 

MaAm Raier^ EJq\ F.JLS.' 

The firft of thefe problems Is to find in t)ie Ecliptic the point 
of trngefi afcenfion ; the focond is to find when dM are of the 
Kdiptic difiiers moft from Its obUque afoenfion 1 and the thhd 
Is to find the Tropic, by Dr. HaU$/% method *, without uwf 
eonfideration of the paralK)la» To thefe three plrobtems a htm- 
ma it premi(ed ; but as they are purely geometrica!, they admrt 
<rf no extra A or abridgment. 

{To h cdtttlntted.] 

Art. VUL n0fS^ho$I /ft Whrn, a<:«idy 1 as it b peiAnaed at 
the Theatrc-Roja], ia Drory-Laaca SrOb is. 6 d. Becket* 

THIS play (as ufoal fincc the dayt of Drydeh) is preteded 
by a prMoe; and it baa occurred to us, in perufin|; it, 
Aat the author of a ptay, ibould write hit prdimmary dtfcourfe 
before be has known hie fuecefs : if daoaned^ Ills readers wotiM 
not tben^ by his alrafe and iU-natare, be put into an tumour 
that might provoke them to repeat the fentencer ; <and If he hasK^ 
been faved, they would not come prep#flb(fed againft him, as a' 
coxcomb, from a vain parade of his aims and iiftentk>nS) am) 
his infipid compHmenta to the a^rs. 

If we did not think the'ScbooI for Wives a comedy of nlerir, 

we fliQuld not trouble ourfelves about the Autfior's ^rtf»sti tut 

if he wUhes it to be read with pleafure by perfons of Judgment 

/and take/ we would advife hiq» in future^edition^ tb let the 

1 1 J ■ ill ... ■ . ■ r ■ ' t i I In II l i i I ii II 

j7. 19, it. 4V 4^; 4?' 4g' W- 53- it' |^ S9n 61.. 6j. ^ 67. 
?9. 7».- 73. !fS' J7?' 79-. 81. »3- 4^. \^' 89. 91. ifi. pi» 
• Vi4e Philo&phical Tranfaftions, Nq. 2.1 5« 



Tl)i Sth'ool fir Wiv'ih Jfj 

Mef«ce be forgotten. At prtffeilf/ bo#e^Hi it^tBto^jltrva to 
^peajk of his opinbns snrd pnrpofes : *^*^* -^ ^ * * _r 

* The Authored chief ftuxJy hw becir W *ecf batitceriflWIexh^rats 
of iei|tiincfiui gioon, a|id tke exceflb of aniii^eftiBgiiptttyVlkie hat 
ioflK bagii» ftt he hopes hehts alfii fo«ie JeiSEKri ^ond- IkQiiombleas It 
has lately bc«o for ^ wits, eyeii with bis friend |ili\ G^fHck at their 
hcad» to ridicule the Comic Muik when a Jittle gwt^ be mufi think 
^bat flie degenerates Jnto f^rcc:* whete the erana hufineis of^injtnic- 
tio^ is'ne^eded^ and coniider it as a heitiy in criticiH^.to j^y that 
one of themofi arduous tafics within the reach* of literaturei ^ould^ 
when executed, be wholly ivithont triility.** / 

'. The Author having betn prefumfkuotis enough to aflert that he 
has BOt porMned a flugle ^ri^ of bays ihmi tke-brow of aay other 
wrtltr, he jMy perhaps, be aflced/if there are not feveval i^iays in the 
£i]|;]id) Ungit^ whi^h; before hts« producff^ gpner^ls; hwycr?, 
Iriumen^ dnels, mafquerades, and miftakes I ^e a^fv^ers, Y^ j ond 
confefo* moreover^ that a]l t||e comedies before hi^ were compofed 
^ot only of men and women^ but that before hi^, the 2feat buiincfs 
of comedy confifted in making difficulfies for the purpofe of /^nioving 
chem ; in diitrefibie poor young lovei-s, and in rcnclerio^ a. happy 
nttiriage the obje£ of every cataftrophe* , ^ . 

" « Tfet ihotigh the Author of the 8chool ftr Wives plea^b goitty to 
idl'tbeA durges,. Hitl in exceQUition of his offence, he begs leave to 
oWbnrc^ that having only men and women to introduce ilpon th;: 
(iMit^ was obliged to eompofe hu Dramatis ?crfon«x)f meer fieOi 
and.blpod; if however he has thfovvn this„Ae(h ai)dthis bJood into 
mrw fituations; if he h^s given a ami} fable, and placed hj^ charac- 
ters in a point of light hitherto unexhibtted : — he flatters himfelf that 
he m^y £9ll bis pky»_a new play ; and though it did not exiit before 
lhe<reatio« of the woiid» like the lamoue Welch pedigree, tfaae he 
SUtv have fome faall oroteniions to originality/ 

• By this method of expatiating, we fuppoiC) the Authoir meaoa 
ai^fipppflefe-ptopkr i» fav^Hj of bis plaft § hM^ in^OMr a^ielien- 
fy», lie ia miftaktn. We ioa^iae 'ihat .his Read^ra^w^uld 
^ve aioro readilf yWUtd him&bc'praifo which ho CEUijr nally 
ifkfW\ if ^ biid i>Ql« ii^ this BMiB0cr» ffic^mid Ms^ datm to 
it»f-iBcttfiewfi»^ boMrev«r» ^re pt^v ^ifpaffionatt men; and 
^l(efHdi4>^d to overjool^ i bejime i^Hrmitiesyalid foibks^ of de- 
feiyiAg-Authorst Thtsy will tbctf^efote forgive the fuilts of the 
fH^f^i aadpfOCee<} to qonfidci.xbe wori^ which.it intfoduce^ 
to our notice. 

* '^te^a^iwJ «iofM'Af Aiaplajr is» iaitfelff cxcclleot, and 
f)9C94«l)y leffmtJ^^ ^ 9 tio^, y}9fl^<MyMg^l in&iditjr in thf 
aifi^ii»r^i4 in kinft by liie Udiea^, wilb an oflNBUiGtye.and «iar* 
«^lj9r i^^Unoft } and aU tbe foft ami mrifUMiq^ grf4^ of the £sx 
•!>• almoft loft lo the werld.«->Tho Author haa alib vcryjiap* 
|rilf^^pofcii the foUy and abAirdity of daellin^. 

' Tfie iirft Aft is opened by t^o lovers prtvateljr engaged-^* 
Captain Savage, and Mifs Walfingham; whofe converlatioh 
prioc)pa% tarns on an rntriguo of VetviHe's. This BelviUe ii 
{fat faBftMid who furnifbes die wife with fubjeaa for her lef* 

D % fofK 



36 The School for JVlvfS. 

fons. He had got acquainted with and deluded Mlfs LecJotTf 
niece of Mrs, Tcmpcft, the miftrcfs oT General Savage, who ia 
the Captaiii's father. Behille had effected this tender pretence 
of being an Irifli manager, and had engaged the Lady for the 
Dublin ftage. Mrs. Tempcft procured fomc knowledge of his 
defign, and bad upbraided \\'n\ with it in the hearing of Mrs. 
Belville ; but in fo outrngcous a manner, that Bflville cafily 
pcrfuad^d his gcod wife th^t the woman was mad. Mr, and 
Mrs. JBiilvilJc join Captain Savage and Mifs Walfingham ; and 
a few words pafs on this fubject, when Lady Rachel Mildew 
fends her compliments and fays (he will wait on Mr. and "Mrs. 
Belvilltf. Some witty hints arc given of a love-affair bctvveen 
this Lady, who is a poet and a wit, and Torrint;tcn^ an old 
lawyer ; and Mifs Wallingham tells us, * that Lady Rachel puis 
her charms into fuch repair, whenever (he expefls 10 meet him* 
that her checks look for all the world l.kc a rafb;:rry ice upon a 
ground of cuftard,' — This piece of wit has been applauded, but 
we^appjehend it to be defedtive in many efl'cntial requifites of a 
fimile. It is not at all to be underdood, but by thofe who arc 
admitted to the tabks of tbc great ; and it gives extraordinary 
trouble to a Rtviewery who mxi^ oi necejfit),, be at a lofs to judge 
of the propriety of fuch dainty allufions. — However, as thrJ 
Author may, in this inftancc at ieaft, obje6l to the competency 
of the court, we (hall drop the point, and proceed. 

,The fcene changes to Leefon's chambers in the Temple, 
Leefon is brother to the girl who is deluded by Bclville. And 
ConoUy, is a faithful and aiFe<9ionate Irifh ferva/it, Leefon 19 
in difficulties, which are to be removed by his running awajit 
with a girl 0|f large fortune. In the mean time he fends a chal- 
lenge to Belviile for the injury doDc to his fifter. — The fcpne 
removes us to an s^artment at Belville*s \ and opens with one 
of the bcft Icflbns in the School for Wives. 

' Mrs. BiL How ftraagely this a^air of Mr&« Temped hangs upon 
my fjnritsi though I have every reafon from thejegdernef^i the po- 
litenefs, {and the gcneroiity of Mr, Belviile, as x^eJl as from tl^ 
woman's behaviour, to believe the whole charge the rcfult of a dif- 
turbcd imagination— Yet fuppofe it ftiould be attuajily true :— heigho! 
well, fuppofe it ftjoald ;— I would endeavour — I think I would en- 
deavour to keep my temper: — a frowning .face n^ver recovered a 
heart that was not to be fixed with a Tmiliug one: — bat women in 

S;neral» forget thb grand article of the matrimonial creed entirely ; 
e dignity of infolted virtue obliges them to play the fool, when- 
ever thdr Corydons play the libertine ;*-and, poh! they mud pull 
down tb# hott/c about the traitor's, ears, though thf^y are themielves 
to be crulhed in pieces by the ruins.' 

This excellent ibliloquy is interrupted by the iiitrodu£lk>n 
of Lady Rachel Mildew, and the converfation turns on love, 
on poetry, and on Mifs LeefoOj as a candidate fpr the flage. 

Thc^ 



Tie Scbodfor IVives, 37 

They fee Belvil|e and Captain Savage approaehuig:, and they 
retire: In the converiation between Helville at)d Savage, rite 
latter alTurcs the Captain that he has an intrigue with Mrfj 
Walfingham j and this forms one of the perplexities of the 
play. 

The fccond A£t opens with a converfation between Gcnercl 
Savage, the Captain's father, and his friend Torringion 5 in 
whici) the fpirit of a kee er is very happily exemplified. The 
General expreffes his rcfolution to get MiTs Moreland for his 
fonj and tomarryMifs Walfin^am bimfelf: but inat(e<f)pting 
to pay his devoirs, be meets with thofe mortifying mt^rrupiions 
and' checks from his miftrefs, which hold him up to the audi* 
eoceas an irrcfiftible objeft of laughter. T*he dialogue, here, i^e- 
tween the old Gentleman, his friend, and his miftrcfs, is vtty 
well managed, on the whole; but we think the Author is not 
happy in his iimile?. That v/hich is taken fromthe punifli- 
ment of a feloii who refufes to plead, is too fa.-fetchcd. The, 
puni(hment is fo fcidom inflided that it is not known to ons 
man in ten tboufand. And gliding a, death warrant for tbt ixi* 
cution of a frifoner is a cuftotn which we believe to be totally 
unknown* ' 

This is followed by a lively dialogue between Mifs Walfing- 
ham and Belville in which the vanity of that gay Gentleman 
« feverely mortified ; which is the reafon, we fuppofe, that be 
fwears • by the Jilngs of mortification^ On Mifs Walfingham's 
departure, be is joined by Captain Savage, who is made eafy 
By his account of the interview. While they are in converfa-. 
tion Conolly brings* Belville a challenge from Leefon, and a 
duel is appointed. When they retire, General Savage and Mifir 
Walfingham meet, and as the following converfation is orte of 
the bell fcenes in the play, we ih^ll give it our Readers as a 
fafth'er fpecin^en of the Author's talents and ftylc. 
* Enter Mifs Walfirtgham* 

^' Mifs PTaL Cjeneral'Savagc, yoar mott humble fervant. 
. • Gen. Saif. My dear Mrfs WalflrtgHam, it is rather cruel that you 
frould be left at hofns by yourfctf ; and yec 1 am greatly lejoiccd to 
£nd yoii at prefent withoqc company. 

* Mif lFal» I can*t bat think myftlF in the beft company when I 
have the honour of your converfation, General. 

* Gen. You flatter me too much, Midam ; yet I am come to talk 
to yoa on a fbrious affair, Mil's Walfingham j an affair of imjiOrtance 
to toe and to yourfelf. Have yda leffure to favoor iriewith a Ihort 
audience if I beat a parley ? 

* Mifi Wed. Any thing of importance to you, Sir; is dlvvays fof^ 

ficicnt to command my Icifurc 'Tis as the Captain fofpeAed. 

(afide.) 

* Gen. Yoa tremble, my lovely girl, bttt don^t be alarmed ; ,fof 
though my bufinefs is of an important nature, i hope it won't be of 
adiiagreeable on«. 

D I • A:ift 



}g 9Wt hlml fir Wtvih, 

Yoared by the kind pordality of the Ladies.- 

« 4{^2^lril Tte Itdidb ^aitf^ not vvkkwt gft«tit»de, Sxr» to th^ 
who <)e«ctcr^dp4i^0»jMi|lt)lrlv to th^ Arvk^ of tbdr country. 

* Gin. Gcneroafly (aid. Madam. Then give me lea^re, Wiflkml 
iuf «s<^^tett^r<o aik if tbe heart of aiThOnM kfiidXct is a prize 
at alt Worth ^o«r:acce)»t^o^. : > ^ 

* Mifi ^^* Upon my word, Sir, there's no mafted battery BTftrs 
^oeitiott*' " » * \ ' 

* Gtn. I an as fond of a«o«p de main, MadanV, in love as tuMf^ 
aiid:hau the icdiovs toetbod of fippiag ft tot^i vrben dieie is a poF- 
fibility^enttnng UtotA in iMod. 

« M>!r /TW. Why reallTi Sir. a woman may im #eB^ ksow -Imt 
own mindt when (he is lirft fammo«ied by ^ tmnpet of a lover, aa 
when file andergoes all the tireibme formality of a ftege. Yon t^ \ 
have caoght yoor own mode of converfing, Genet%l« 

* Gen. And a very great compliment iconfider it. Madam*. Bnt 
now tbat you Bave candidly eonfeifed an acaaaintance with voor 
own miml ; anfwer me with that fHinkfiefs, tar which et^ obd^ 
odmma you <b fnocii, Havo yon any ofaje^ion to chtnge die nime 
ofWalfiiighain? ^* 

* Mi/tHmL Whythoi. ftaiMy, Qencral Sjjvnge. Iffy, No. ^ 

* Gtm. Ten thoaiand thaaks to yoq for this kind dMatadoiu ^ 

* Mijs WaL I hope yoa won't think it a forward One. 

* G/4r. 1*4 iboncr fee my Ibn run aww in the day of battle ; — Td 
fooner think Lord RufTel was bribed by Lewis the 14th ; — and Iboner 
VUify tb^ ihemory of Algemodn Sydney ! 

' * M^ Wid. How onjoft it was ever to fnppbft tfifc Gfentt^ \ ty- 
tannical father ! (afide) 

^ G/9. Yo« have told ilio condeibeodingly, Mif^ WaKnghM, that 
yoo have no objediofi to change yoor name ; 1 have tel Ofte qu efttoi 
inofotoaflB*^ 

.** hfi/s Hfd. ?rtf propofe it. ' ^ 

* Gen. Would the name of ^vage be difagreeable (o yoo ^i^^ 
fra«fcly agai»« my dear girk 

* Mi/s Wal. Why then, again, I frankly fay, T^o. ' 

* GtH. Yoo taake me too £ippy ; and thoa^h 1 ihali readily own, 
that a propofal of this nature would come with more propriety frooi 
lay fon*ii— 

^ •*\Afi/hW^ I am much better pleafed that you make tlie ptopd- 
^1 yoonfeli^ Sir- ^ - , . * 

. j G4Sf$. Yon are too good to^oe. .Torriogtoo -tlsooght tkat I ftoold 
p^cbwttb ai^ulfe.. Z'^^/ 

* Mij^ JV^Jii^Mt yoa copimonifcaied.tkat bctfiqcis tq the Ciiptaio^ 
Sif? 

< ^in^ 1^0^ my dear Ma4ain» J did not think tlvi^ at ^ neceflary« 
\ have a!(vays been attentive to the Captain's hajppinefsi and I pro* 



pole that' hi Ihall be married in a few days 



What, whether I will or no f * 
Gfn* O, -you can have no objedioa. 



« Mifs WJ. r«ttft be «oiiri|l»ed Aiow^v«r rtoQttM iImp^ Gtwral f 
but fothing in my pow« ihall |>e wa«tiAg'to aifJcc Jlim nappy. 

* Gen, Obliging loTcltneii! 

. ^ M^i^ If^al.iou may iiiiagine> that if I wm not pnmonfly im- 
prclTed in hvo^t of yoar propofid, it would not have met my con* 
currence (b readily* 

* Gen. Then yoo own, that I had a previoas bhtd in the gitHfon. 

* Mi/i Wal. I don't bluQi to ackixowledge it^ wbeA I OMkider th« 
acGompliihaients of the obfoA* Sin 

^ Gim. O, this it too much. Madam; Ae principal nieriftof tht 
Q^j^ it hi» paCon lor hiifs WaUt»gham. 

. • Mt/s Wd, J>on'( fay that. General* I beg of yon ; ^ I donrc 
think there are many women in th^ ki9g4(W who could behold ham 
with indifference. 

^ * Qen. Ah,, you flattering llaUerine angcL And yet, by dM mo* 
fnory of Marlborough, my lovely girt, it was the idea of a prtpof^ 
fe^ion on yonr part which encouraged me to hope for a ftvoora!>!e 
ireception. 

' ' \ Hii/i IVaL Then I mnft hafe been very indifcreet; for I hihooHA 
to 0)nceal that prepofTeffioo as muoh>as poidbie. 

*' dn*. You con'dn't conceal it from me I yo^cou'dik^t conceal it 
from me !^the female heait is a MA which I am thnfoughiy ac- 
quaint with ; and which, haa mom thaa once been a udtne^ to my 
irido»eS| Madam^ ^ 

« Mi/s WaL I don't at all doubt your fuccefs with, the Ladies, 
General ; but as we now underiland oue another fb perldMy^ you 
will ^ve me leave to retire. 

* Gim, One word, my dear creetnr^ and no mote : I fhtll waft 
upon yon fmMAime to-^y with Mr. TotriagDon, About the ^ceei^ 
lary fectlements. 

« MysWal. Fonmnft d<»asyoa pleaiii^ Geneml, ywiMeinvia. 
pjsM in every ^iag. * 

* Gen. And if you plea£;, we'll keep eveiy thing a profound ieoei^ 
till the articles are all fetUed, and the deWtivf tieacy leady fbrcic* 
cution. 

* Mi/s Wol, You may be {tiXt^ that delicacy will uOt fuSer itoe 10 
be communicate on the fubjed, Sir. ^ 

« Gen, Then you leave cveiy thing, lo my management 

* Mifi Wed. i can't craft a more noble negodator* [txit. 

* G4n. The day's my own ! (fiti^J *^ Britons, ftrike home 1* fbiJie 
home ! Revenge, ^cc." [Jbni finging. 

This is the gener^ ftyle ftii4 manner of the pby. The 
: Reader will perceivot ^ac it -is %iriled, and agi!eeabJe; buit 
in one or two inftaflcea^ fooiewhat injured by an affedtd pbrafe, 
.or a fludied tv^m of a feoieac0« 9) it mmimmUou ie cme #f 
thefe afieflatipns, if it be not an ecfor •f the pfc6. And tp 
rcfei' to the late sKtedipt agatnft the memoriea of X^ord Rufiel 
and Alferneon Sydney* is unbecoming the Comic Mufe, The 
t)ueftion feinting to UK>(e Gcntkadioi, ia either of 9 literary or 
% poUtieal nature i and till k be dearly decided, it is inviduHia, 

£> 4 and 



49 ThiScbcol far JViva. 

and perhap«icf»«}i to vaiflrtbe cry of flicd-dog- agaioft the tii- 
dividual ^0 ha».ftaf tei tu 

The thbd h& oprns mih a fccnc at Mifs Lecfon's lodgings; 
where Lady Rachel Mildew, and Mrs. BelviDe, meet, to try, 
the abilities of the jouf%% aSrefs ; or, rather, to gratify the 
jealous curiofitjr of thcUll^mentioncd Lady. Bclvillt > a^ the- 
atrical manager, enteral and is difcovertd by his wile : he is 
forry, and ibe is forgivin^ti and fo the matter is made up« Then 
follows a fccnc. between General Savage a«»d his* ion ; a proper 
counterpart to that which we have given the Reader between 
the General and Mife Walfingham. We fuppofe the continu- 
ance of this miftake was expedient to the Author's fable 5 and* 
we believe it to be the principal circumftance i^hich dcnomi- 
nates it «#,w *, according to his own opinion of tbJt circum^ 
fiance : it would -cuherwi^, perhaps, have appeared to him im* 
probable, that two or three converfations ftoiild Have been 
carried 00 by perfon^i <o interefted and in a matter ft) rmportant, 
and that yet this mtftakc ihould flill comiiiue. — Ba: to gt» on 
with the pfay. ♦ 

Lady Rachel and ^4Ts. Belviile, not entirely fatisRed yr\x\\ 
Belville's repentance, lay a plot to try him. Lady Rachel is td 
play the pSrt of Mifi WaHingham, and to. draw him into an 
Intrigue. She counterfeits Mifs Walfinf.ham's hand writing ; 
and her letter is delivered to Belviile while Captain Savage i$ 
with hims ^Od as the Author has not chofen to make his hero 
very delicate aod fecrct in hi;» amours (for that would havebcea 
perhaps too fcnlimehtal) he reads it out ; and the other i^amps 
and exclaims as hrcanMr hioi* The fervant iiid^leniy brings 
word that Mifs Walfingham is overturned at Bdville's door; 
and carried into the houfc in a fit. The Captain flies to her 
affiftancc ; finds her recovered ; and they have a kind of quar- 
rel about Lady Rachel's letter. The. old General interr^pte 
*them i and the miftake which has been fo ufcful to the Author 
is in feme meafure removed ; and the lovers go out in diflrefs. 

The fourth Act opens with the diftrefs of M.ts. Belviile on ac- 
count of her huiband's duel with Leefon. The duel terminates 
4nuch to th^' honour of Belviile. The fcene then changes to Bet- 
ville*s houiie,arxi an iotire explanation enfues between Mifs WaU 
fmgham and General Savags, to the great mortification of that 
Gentlemaftv This fcene is followed' by a mone ferious or>e be- 
tween BciviHe and his wife^% But^the Author is not a Steele or 
'^. Cumberland in- feat i mental matters. 

Capt'tin^ Savage, who is not yet- undeceived, in relation to 
Mils Wamngham, mectt the General, ^and after heartily agree- 
ing to abuib her, they refolve to go* to the mafqueraidof where, 

•yidc frefiice, 

9Ccor4'? 



* The School for Whu$. ■. . ^ 41. 

accordUng tothe forgei) leMcfvihe' it to go oflF wtdt B«|vlllt« 
About this- time Lecfon is difdovered to have rtin:aw^ KM' 
iinily, BclvilAe's fitter. He is purfaci by BclvtUc, wfao gene- 
loufly conicBiB to his baviog hex.. • ^ i .' ' 

The bufinefs at the md^uerade is conduced in the begin* 
ning of the fifth AS. . I^lvilfe^bere ptidBes.his wife) mifhtking 
her for MMs Walfiogbatn ; but iaftead«of makiogiove to her, ht 
profeies faittidtemion to rfcforni^ and hencefortb, to be faithful 
to the virtttes of Mrs» Bdville* They toz. inteirupted by tho 
Genera), the . Captain,, tnd Torrington ; . whofe aim Js to'dif* 
cover, the bafesieis of Mtis Watfingham. Beivilte fecures her in 
a clofet \ and. after fome ahercacion^ the Captain draws, and 
refoltes to iorce his way to his ua£iithful fair one« At that in* 
ftant Mrs. Belville comes forth, to the aftonifhipent of the whole 
company, and fielville is confirmed ia his. determination to be 
a good hufband. This is followed by a reconciliatory fcene be* 
tween Capta'm Savage and Mils Walfingham ; and the play 
concludes as ufual by bringing all tbe proper people toaether^ • 
putting tbe lovers in the way of matrimony ; and making the 
refbrmcd rake give fome good advice to the audience. 

We have fo many occafions to review compofitions of this 
kind that we find it difficult tx> avoid a fameoefs in our mann^ 
of critidfing them. Some of our Readers may expe£t we fiiould 
execute this bufine& in form ; and treat the fubjed in order of 
fable^ timoaS^^ mitf^ &c. This we do not imagine 10 be ne^ 
ceflary, where \btut is aotfa^iiig nsmai ksUe, with refped to th6le 
articles. Ttie f}liy bttfore us, would not bear a comparifon 
with fomeof otir c<Hnedies in point of wtt \ or with others for 
meer language and moral fenumenta. But the Author has, ih 
a great degree, fucceeded in compromifing the difference be- 
tween tbe two parties who now divide tbe theatre. He has 
snore bufincG, fpirit, and intrigue, tkan.many of o«r fentimental 
v^riters ; he is not inelegant in his ftyle; and he has more de- 
cency, infiruSioo, and morality tbsn is to be found in our mo* 
desn witty performances, without being in the leaft heavy, or 
unentertainiog' in his manner*. 

As the influence, of the fiage upon the language of a country 
is great, the critic, amidft his attention to higher objedls, wtU 
not ovesbsok thofe little improprieties which, if not timely 
reprehended, may grow fii(hionabIe, from the popular notion that 
the theaue is theifcbool of corred and elegant fpeaking and wri-> 
ttng. We have noticed one imperfedion of the kind here hinted 
at, whioh has dtfgufted us in aJmoft ^yrtty page of this comedy ; 
viz. the vicious cttAom of cctfUradiog, guuing, and frittering 
words to pieces4 by thenufapplication of tbofe ilifiofis which are 
frequently noediary. in vcrfificaiioni but feldom, if ever, ret)ui- 
fytt^ or allowable^ in profCf In. diitlogtie, indcedi or in any 

o^hor 



4* Fordycc m4lm^C»fh^.^puril4mlh^l^^ Amt^ 

take only of the attefied ftylc oT i inincidg milMoar^ ik%ff» 
VM^JWikt. '^Vfeiaeft^ A e icfo tc ^ ArpriM t»^fiK fttch barbi* 
rifa>»lRtroriM«4iii9 otherwifci io gtaicd a pky «s tbif Sdktfl 
#i» ^ifw»« kn^ mc for Umgtuigt. FDK'beie wt Mcttfrhh md- 
tiPiiAes #f flieh. ilUkriuog at^ttatioM av iiUIr^ «'»«Wyb>, 
tiMifjAl'/g p^M%^ SAi4y hmfm% 'bmk% vmm% dam't^ wtA 
many mord^ e^wdljr wcMdi, barbarMSrOUMi ¥d|;ari> aa^ 
nAMHtoo, Iwa put MMotbaiBoiMlu of ptc^ wlia vr^^poAi 
to*iiave anjoyai 4» advamagati of cfacatiom B)r4lm meam 



the jargon ^aiMs ri n a mnw ii k ifaio thai<ttdianee» ^ai^the ^tmrw km 
$m of polite conYerfation. But we hope Mr. A. will pioot 4 
tbis not anftienily a dftK a< i fa»; ami tiw, in the next editkn 
^ bii play, be |ral honefthr refloia* tlie-voweia Mongi^i tt 
«irery word, whicb be has vam liccatbttfiy pioodored of Mf 
ttghtful propertjr* : i* . .^.« . 

■ "" * ■ ■ ■'■ ■> 1 ■■ « ■ .J f i ■ ■■ 

AaT. IX« ^ M«o /afvf7 itc» iW Caif^, Sjmpimut mmiCmte^ 9fp> 
, trid md ji^lmmmmy Fivirs % wilk ^ut Appeadiie.oa ^ba HDdk 
Fever, and on the alceraied and majigaant. Spae^^Rjiyat, 1^ 
_ Williaa Fofdyoe, NL D. Bvo. ^s. flawed. C^ddL 2773« 

WE mre at a bft to detennine on what accotmr )o«r Av- 
thor has called thia a Niw Inqmry \ aa we ibd. 



an attentive periifal of the work^ that it cootmartnoreof tk 
parade of fctence, than any mw matter of information^ 
with idjped tathe naiuffi or the cute of fevera. • ^ 'i 

' The Appendix treaaa of the heAic fcver, and A»^ 

mhdtnaKgnam iore*tbtoai« — In tbe firft of ttefie, BnFo^dyot 
very jndicioiifl^ reeoAoiends rapaatei finaU biaartiii^^.a firift 
ati^tiphlogiftie diet, and change oifain 

In the management of the msntg^nMribre-thrSal^lKirXtitbor 
condemns the ofe q£ afomadt coidiala, Mi%fi^ and anodyne 
gftringents. * , 

The following is Dr. Fordyce's method^oC cure,jin this di£eafe. 
. < It is agreed on aU bands, that thc( •body n^nft bc-verjr ple- 
thoric indeed, and in adults only, to reqairejUamUdg^t i never 
ifaw it neceilary even^oncc; I believe the repetition of it to be 
in general deadly* - * r ,* - 

^ Neither do haemorrbages from tlye iigfe relieve the pitient: 
they have indeed been reckoned dan^^flMis here; is in other 
putrid diftempers ; and yet I biave feen them "happen very oAes, 
without proving a morul fyac^tom. In tlie blood," ttdrmmi 
away, the cmiUmeatuvLis ratf)f r ^. a Ijic gefatanDqs texture, 
than denfe or compad, fine and rich, Ao^aft hmb/^Mood, and 
quite fofc. — See Do&ors Fotbergill and^HtKhap&^c \ 

^ Emptying the ftomaeb by a* gentle iromit imU kutc ever 

fail to be of ufe ; and there certain^ appears eb' be a part of 

6 the 



MbM MtrU k mtm% ,tttikrmkmti(f^ <lift i h<H ri i * iui Oeibd^ 
« WbtteilMtb«M^^I«MKrillV«QmattoiMniMafB 

te^ or HMtritl«4* I MMtf ftiir>tl» Josfemfli 4Pt^•4.i» lUi 
iAitiM(.4oMn^ though *• py>i%i< # M m g«l y d>tiM (t n l a i.|h# 
grtauft l€Arccr«w ia th« oUligMM fiMt*4h(a«i0 mM ^ Mrf w B 
<htclMiihjr«v«qr;j^ttiM««f art. ItdidlMtioatift^AifimMMi 
t#D ywAg ytlBi i » #r Mhk fimiM% tho^i^ Ha 
After theterkt MdctiiBiiMi«f«pti«»mii «alMli|04 
it bMbMk flopped b|^ipiimMtairii«MI|khitAiU{ 

« We h»«t ifM cafti hk whkk hUAtft «d mc Mod ft* 
•Mitefv HeredfeftMei i w ifl i epy hewtt from tbeii tad tw 
bate Mnarl»d itovti Mm if Mdl of ^MidMt^ 
Ikllj ifuuft the mimim tod ehereaer •( the putrid hm^ T# 
iMk fereajr^itUi^fiin the «feh«^ ibejr MoAeny an • «(i<^ 
eafe where ihnr^ieafoiijr eiiifts aajr p«nikiiqr^e«l wh«« ihctt 
k too Midi flhMloeefm wbcte, ap pM B u nMhor iehe «mihy 
of m AMti^g Aorfift thott #1 » OMiB of feofe Md ftilk 

« Dr. Fotbergill bai given us the MAoiy of rM tifes where 
Wwtfto^ooQOiic.oDrdiek ml eoodyOe oi biogc o u weio od»h»' 
tamA. ofidooofln ^A* /uMftMe MoriflNMBH ood «dic«Mie» 
ippUe4 iuoccfiwilp to tin MCh^ the hoefc* mm}««o«» hot vitb^ 
IMtC emRw,}. 

• Theio if ootiio Aiidifcafe t oiore fiwouoriile fjFoyieoi thM 
o^fpefcwi to fwoetf wiih efaftaod oieift Jkia: JiothiiigloMBi 
eo ftoiMBiit fenbudi) eo take off the MirhMi ibeneft or to 
H w m o i» <bAtt|ipay.eyQ< fediioentm the wetciu. OurfirftioA 
o«r feveniK. Foramla f haye die beft efieds io di^ way. How 

' ^' '^ ^-'^ " ' • ' ''• ^T^ '^. 

&• LaA. vacchi. ni^' 

afaooloholiiOBt« ddo adttUte Wai Mewai^vetwit,) tel vM alU 
ct^tfiiilj^aing J> iiica. lioMMe. |w atfiat feiwa. 

t SERUM ANTlSEPnCUM. 
ft. L|A.VfQd9» t^ 
Aqiuc puna ft^. 
^ul eboIIuDt ; detn admUce focc. aorantifmuii Serill ;] Bmooiqr* 
a JiB. at fiat (erom. 

vn. 

HAUStUS D^mOKBTICUS SBDATIVUS. 
ft* opiflU MoKHoef • 
Ai|awparfti'|fi« 
I«]qaor. aoodya. miner. Hefiiaao» gatt» anr« 



|y^ fiat luioftut bit in die fomendusi aot 8vi qu&qoe horfi. 

fcldoqi 



faMom 4ocs.ftx»^.huk^)eifdr«».an]r<>f thde bfllces kx 

thorpatiiejjt! ^ • ' 

^ i never gave volatiics, .eiccept. Msn^ferut's Tpirit, falc of 
ambcr^ or ib«.afiodyiic liquor o£ F« Uoffmah, wbidi are ail .ahci- 
iieftfic \ becaufe i know that volatilef only dii'pofe the juices to 
hetmolre f»utrui|%K>r't^€ken the putrid pcocefi wbwc'H ttiB al- 
ftady taken place coo furely. 

. ^. Where cardialfi*are waii(ed,.ar inikafeed^.we «an be at no 
ht^ wibile cismuir jcUy, orange and* lemon, or |kv^et<t>lac«d 
jUiarwbM is . called biDiop or negtts or yet pure wine or o!J 
cy^kf) can ib« .b4d«. 1 aai» aoi acqii^fnied^ urith^ aoy better 
cofdiai draii^ht than our feventh or eighth Formula *. i never 
4i^ noff cvordo!e»ped to fee tKe ftr<ngth fupporttd, or. the dif- 
tafc alleviated, by any pofible preparation of animal Aibflanccs. 
After, fweatiog has begun, I bditve^wine will never hurt, if 
giicen with nu^eratioJi, . either diluted as abovq, or miaod with 
faoada, (ago, xico, and other gruels. . Contraft.widi this kiisil 
•f pradice^thoirs who give diauighta,.compotiBd of God knovs 
what* io o£tenn:a» xvcry two or three boun 6vf. and iiiglu, fer 
day9 and nights iucceflively, as if oatace. neither reqtiired other 
drinks, or fooib, fir repofe. 

« If . the drcumfiances of the;caCb require ii,. Peruvian bark 
is hurried down jwith the (ame haftc ;ind (bllicitude \ and bark 
muft be given ^lA-our times, wtv^tlier indicate^ or noc« Where 
this belt and only true febrifuge drug is neccflV^, (and it bas often 
the happy power of triumphing over malignicyinihb difeafe, 
as well as in other putrid fevers, given as in our twelfth For* 
jaula t) let it in God's name be given in fufficient quantity to 
(Mtt them in a ibte of fafety, but not perfevered in for days and 
nights together, without any refpite to the poor pt rfecuted pa- 
ticnt,*tvhcn cither this difficulty norloffgcr cxifts,~or ihrlfare of 
the (kin, ^jr ^he- imrreabd drynefs, hlacknels^ aod bardne(s of 
the tongue, fo firorigly and fully point out the !inj)roprioty of 
perfifiing longer in its ufe ; or as if it were, eyi^i^ in fucb a 
j(ituatipii,'Our laA and fole refourc4e, though in /a£l we have fo 
many other aids from fruits, wines, and itrpog>a{iti&ptiqs botk 

i* . ^ VllL ' 
• HAUSTU3 CARDIACUS piVITUl». 
Rf. Vini Burgundic. 
vcl B ordeal en f. 

aut Rhenani vetcns, Jij. ^ - - - * . 

Sexta quaquc hora fumcndus, *aut pro re natS# 
••- * • *XIL • • • 
t FEBRIFUGUM ANTISEPTICUM. 
R. Dccoft. (fbrtior.) cortic. Perovii^i. Jij*. i 

Spiritds falls mario. gatt, v. 
M. fiat hauflos pro re naia fumendos ^ repetendits, 

.. * vegetable 



Yegetable and mthemi. TlieiW hdr^mMM ^m:t^^\f ^pfit^ 
cable to the putrid fever at largq^ and (o tbe.a^Iignaatfore' 
throat under confidcratjoiu* • * r ; ■ • 

Art, X. JTreaflfi on tbi itinkcough. With an'Appemlije, coii€ll|lv^ 
kigan AcGoaltof HSiD)9ck/^9d *1t»«Pr6f]Ar|cifjpMi^ ^ VNUiaai 
Butter, M.D* Fellow of the Royal College of Phyficians, £$U9* 

TH E foUo>ving are Dr. fiutterV pfificipft^«o0fi€lufioni ivMi 
rcfpedl to the nature, feat, and ocealioiNilicafafe-of'tllt 
Kinkcou^.-^Tbat'it w m epidemic corHfagioitf difeafeof^he 
fpafmodic. kim)^ that the primary: afredion> i$.a,qptorbtditrritii*> 
bility of the mucous glands ; that it is ndt fcated either in tht 
lungs, the? top^'of the*gtiMetv- gr^ftomathV fetit'iAMhe intcftm*! 
canal ; and that an infedious miafma ia the ooca^iui caofe. 

1 fael^e is ot^ very obriotis cfejodlion to ifthar^ntr Aufbor aci* 
Tances concerning the feat .of. the difeale. • li^chc ^hinoeugh-fac 
a difc^fe of the mucous glands,* whence i^tttbiit'tbe glands tff 
the inte(Knri-canal-(hr)iil(t!bi firftaflStftcdf lufe^ious^iaffivata 
floating \n the air, and repeatedly infpired wfih* the breath, 
ihould primarily alFed the glands of the trachea and kingsi 
rather than thofc of the inteftines. < 

But the moft valuable part of this pabHcatior> is the method 
of cure, provided further' CKjK^enee confiruia the Author's 
obfenratiorts. ... 

• Hemlock, according to this Writer, ia fpecific in ihis'4»f«> 
cafe ; and the following Corollaries are the refult df Dr. Btitttr's 
experience of the efFcds of this powerful medicine : 

GOROtLARIES. 

• I. As hemlock hath not difagrced with jtny one of the fore* 
going patientjs, we may Conolude that it will very feldom be 
contraindicatcd in the kinkcough, through what ia called idio>^ 
fyncrafy, or peculariry of temperament. * : 

• II. This' medicine cures the kinkcough even in the laft 
month of pregnancy, and in the firft months of infancy ; and 
is abfolutely f^fe both for cnother and child* 

• UK Hemlock is fo far fromoccafioning fpafhis in children, 
lhat.it is a certain cure for a fpafmodic diieafc, which h;uJa 
hitherto refifi^d all other medicines. Bffidc:s,.ic certainly pre* 
vented fpafms, and probably fatal convuilions, lathe einld, cai'e 
fifth i notwithftand*ng a conllitutional tendency, a rapid den- 
tition, and an obftinate kinkcough, all.coi>(pired lu briog 
them on. 

• IV. It is a good medicine in dentition. 

• V. It cures the fymptoms attending the round wor ns, ar.^ 
arcn expels thefe vermrn, 

2 * VI. It 



4i Battef^f froHifi m tie Xinkni^* 

ft VI, It friM off frfer In feme inftinow, 

* Vn. It ft^pt immo4crat» txcreuonst , 

^ VI II. It (bmctimft prooiMcs fwMt, 

ft iX* it frcciucotiy letups tiic vOQt opcn^ wq pMttctuiMi cfcsi 

pttWft- ^ \* r g 

^ ft X. It oA«tt <oet Ml feftfibly aAft any feeiafiim cl« 
^MSon. ^ 

' ^ 3CI. It ilfiitedUteiy ^rocortt tetter tftghts in the irn^Gbb^ 
' < Xil. It frnmi^mj ibates tiie vMlitiAg, and. geocrdlf 
tStfiiethoffiiraltlNrdayt. ^ ' ' 

ft XIH. Tbeptiiffai is dailf diannifliod during ^ uFe rf 
diii mtdiciflc i for kfs and left is tlurown up while the vooiiiing 
continues* 

- ft XiV. Tiki Unk da9y abates in force and frequycjF^ and 
ir generally remoired, together with aH its concoaiitant' ^jmfH 
tomSf^except a Bight cough, tn die ^pace of^ week^ aifd tliit is 
often the cafe, eren in fome infiaoces of cooipltcation witii dtbcr 
^ifeafes; as dentitk)n, or worms. ^ '* 

« XV. Thus hemlock is a rpecil<fk in the kinkcbiigh accord- 
ijM to the moft proper interpretation of that word i fos k afts 
c^ all the (ymptoms at once, or rather on the proximate canfe : 
and fo by diminilhing the irritatioo, all the (ymptoms aavft ef 
cowrie dininiih in the <aoie proportion* till at lengtb^b^^ are 
entirely removed, that u, till the difea& is curtd* 

ft XV!. Hefliik>cktsnotonIyafucGelsruIandcniditto^«ut 
fbr the kinkcough, hat ir is a modidncf ^at can a! W«ys hk ad- 
smAiftered ; for we cannot fuppoTc an tnftance where the asoft 
froward child will refafe it, as it can be dilguifed in fi> many 
fkaDCtf, on account of the fmalln^ of the quantity requiilte, ai 
well as the mildnefs of its fenfible qualities. 

^ XVII. Finally, hemlock cures the kinkcou^ ^e^» cer- 
tainly, expeditioully, aod plea&ntly : which 4iie stt ihe reqet« 
Utee of the moft defirable and coaipkte cure.* ^f :: - * 

Dr. Butter's g^noml manner of exhibitiiig the heaalocfc^ was 
s»4bllow8 : < Take of fpring water, two oMees luid a hllf } 
lyrep of pale rofes, half an ounce ; hemlociC'piR, leme'^tfn: 
snix them.* This mixtui% was taken at fevera! dofes^ fo ei to 
li« finifhod in the 24 hours : and the quantity of heqilpcjk was 
j^id.ii^ally increafed from one grain to ten or twelve jpraiin, ac« 
CDxding to the age of the patient, or tl^ effedU of the npiedipinep 
.,VBut for thefe and other particulars, wcflmft ntfsr eueReadeis 
lojtbe ueatife kfelf. . • • */ * 

^ • -' AM. 



E 47 J ■ ■^' S. 



AtT. XI* <A DifcriftiOH o/tbt HuMaa Eje^ ^nJjfsaJj^entBkry^ to- 
gether with.their principal DifeJles, and t£e"Meth6ds ^rdpofed for 

• relieving them. By Jom^li W^Afri^ "P. R. S, 'and Senior J^geoa 
to GuyVHolpfttal. t^. zi. 64. fewed; 9aWs. '177 jt 

* npHE folio wingrr.r«atifc,.(iiy^ ^r^\y;aaica^^jkia^it4ed;for 

Jl^ the information and improvement of t*hd(e young g^lt- 

employments baye not yet fu/aiihed ttvepi ww (tiwient ]fppor- 
tunities of acquiring fuch a degree of luiQwl^g/S) ^ long ex** ^ 
pericnc^ i|i pjiva^ie pnMfti(:e« and t|ie adVaiua^9. of aiaay ycara 
attendance upon an hofpitalt are capable b| ap^rdi^^* , ^ ,^ 

This defcription of the eye, we apprehend, is drawn up ia 
fuch a manner^ as t^ fpl/tl th^ AMthor's.intentipn^ the 9nato« 
mical {:^arts, and the defcripcions oT the. drfeafe^^are cleac and 
concifq^' and the m^ai^ oC relief wdl fulapted.^Q cj>je. ipi^^&ix^ 
complaints^. ^,* "_. / ..... 

As a fpecimen 6f the work,^ we iliail give our. Readers M|; 
Waroer'a K^ount pf .th<? Gkmfyla GJiaro and their difcai^s. 
: GlANpULiP CILIARES. 

* Otherwifi called x^landnlz Sebace^ Meibomii, together «ath 
.tbeir ortfiees te^ined >un6ta Ciliaria, are fitnated iti regular rows, 
parUkl #iih' the borders or ittiemal edges of the palpebne, formed 
by thetaWi^.'^Tb^ tari ate thia cartilages, compofing the greateft 
portion of the edge of each eye^lid $ which, from their texture and 
£toaWiii«4fnv:d^gnhl byaatare to ipeep the edges of the eye* 
lids {u(opdc)y i^ooth, and anifoimly extended • by this wife con tri* 
va^ce^tl^e ci)i^ glands, with their relpc^ve orifices, or excretory 
dii£iff are prei^.ed at equaT and proper, diftances from each other ; 
and the jatter are kept opeji, to admit of the oily fluid being dif- 
cbarged oeca^nally through them. The ciliary glands are often 
attained with inflammation, enlargement, pain, and impollhuma- 
tidn, adfl^ ih difieimt fubjefts from very different caufcs. . Sora«- 
times^tKleft eife£h are produced fh>m common colds, attended MA 
confidcrable inflammations of the tonka conjtfn^iMa. Under th^fe 
dfttxa&tsbffii the oonplatnt |^lyes way to Uecdnig, purging, mid a 
teii|f»fai^^^AfiBement iirom the air and Kghi ; affi^ byemolUeat 
fomentations ; iue)i. as. warm cow's mUk, or milk mixed with warm 
toh waner^ ^waiia b^^ey water, warm jvattXr^uel, or wajoi waM| 
alone, or |io the, fleams of either of t&^fe dire^eidi |Q the part, and iiipr 
peated feveral times a day, as may be' found 9ece(^ary« Soi^etimet 
emollient catapfafms ajpnUed warm ^to the eyeUds, an^ occalibnaUjf 
repeated, j86ie3 with jAjt^jing phyfiyb admmiftefcd at proper in^et- 
^ais tfTtHtte, ^Mitl U loand^jt^edittil/ Bjr ^is >^eiKmtat th^^u 
become fofteoed, and relaxed ; the ciliary punAa?tfve enlarged, ah)l 
a diicharge iffoes through them refembling matter ; which difcharge 
flMMild be en coura g ed till the targidneis of the eye-lids is rem o ve d : 
tlMi, and not facibiie, if at all aeceflary, mftringenc wafhes, and oint* 
ifnri, m^ widi proprietjr be o(ed to the aye^lids and conjimdiv^ 
coat > or it may wiibMlt rifqae be £mctimes left to ihe ooa4e of na-; 



48 LclandV WJhry •flr^mJ. 

tore aloae^ whole efibrts we ihall often find, in tbefe and inanjr odier 
hlftaii(fes, CO anfwer the purpofe mod effedually. 6 Jt a3 tbe^ glandf 
&re often difeafed from v^iereal caufes^ fcrophulous caufes, or ^ch ai 
arc generally, though perhaps improperly, denon>in3tcd« rcorbntic 
habits of body, we fhal! find chat the fimple methods alone which 
are above prefcribcd, will prove ineiTedQai ; unlcfs aiTiHed by proper 
re^iir.cn in diet, joined with alteratives of different kinds, adapted 

Jo the nature of the difeafe ; to wit, Mercurius Dulcis Merc. Calcin. 
*il. Plum, the Extraftum Cicntx, alkaline abforbents, decodions of 
the woodf prepared in lime water, or common water, deco&ons of 
t)te Peruvian bark, prepared in the like manner as we -have recos* 
mended for the woods, or the Peravian bark in fobftance* Two 
i<ind:> of preparations of the woods are ordered in the Londoii Dif- 
pcivfatary, uud^r ihe appeUatians pf Aqua Calcis magis toai|X>fita, 
iiad Aqua Calcis minus compofita ; the efiicacy of which may be 
fomctiines a/Ijiled by proper dofes of the Vinum Antimoniale, its oc- 
cafion may require ; obferving at all times to prevent coflivcnefs ; 
M\^i if neceflary, to divert the humour from the eyes, by bUiters ap- 
plied to the neck, head, or betwixt the fhoulders, which aft oot only 
as ftiroulant and cvacuants, but as alteratives, by th^ fidts of the 
Caniharides bekig copioufly abforbed into the circulfrtien,-and fpeed* 
ily mixing with -the moh of blood, by means of the abforbect or 
shhalibg veifels of the cutis. JHoes alfo are advifeable', 'made by in- 
cilion, or caulHc' 

This gentleman is likewlfc author of a volunie of Ga/es in 
Sur^erfy which was mentioned with rcfpeft, in our Review, 
vol. xi. p. 157. 



Art. XI F. Account o/LelancTs HiJIory of Ireland, concludecL 

WE are now come to a very bufy and important period of 
the Irilh hiftory; a period peculiarly interelHng to 
Englifhmcn, on account of its intimate connedtion with the af- 
fairs of Great Britain, and the influence it had upon them* 
From the feveral obje£)s which here prefent themfelvcs, wc 
ihall feled fome of thofe that may be deemed worthy of being 
particularly diftinguifhed. 

Of thefe, the firft we £ha'l notice, is the adminiftratiOB of 
Lord Wentworth, afterwards Earl of Strafford. It is well 
known that, the condud of this celebrated flatefman, in Ireland, 
formed a principal part of his political life; and furniibed many 
oF the articles on which his impeachment was grounded. He 
afTumed his government with a mind and aftVdtion fixed on one 
fti)^le objeS, the immediate intereft of his royal p:iafter : and 
bappil/ the fervice of the crown obliged him to ftudy the im- 
provement of the realm. He had heard of the turbulence and 
litA^rders of this couatry ;. and hence inferred ifae neceflity ol 
Chat ievere and rigorous .adminiftration which fuited his own 
aufterity and arrogance. Ireland he regarded as a conquered 
* ' kingdom 



Itingddm Jil Che ftria<^ ftnfe. He avbwed aiid ^^ft^ie^ th0 
opHiioA^ uniMr aH t^ terMvi <)f iitifQMlmellt, when it wa« 
thakrgeci Agftmft Mm 8§ a trnkMotts prittGipl^; 'and firbtn this 
crude concepmii liedcfee<eil a ^cotifeijuetioe at once tidiculpua 
md -dftt^brt, that the ftibjeSte 6f this couhtry, wicbout dif- 
tirtiaidti, 'had forfeited the rights of men and citizcnt ; and for 
^b^ctv]&k' the/ weit permitted to enjoy, depended folely gn tb« 
' Jroyal girac^. 

Ti^ t»iul4Ka,of tiprd Wentirorth was (ilitable tq thtfft fcti* 
tuoeMta and 4i(|K>£ytH>i9ir (Ija ^iiMl^aty ipirit appeared in almoS 
cirefj fftieafure poffaed 67 hii% wliedbir the nifa(wt in itielf 
Klr^ 'light ^ wrong, ite tratttd the mcA dtAiogiiiAid ^if tfa^ 
Irifh Cibfefts with arCQnnonipt aod infoknce fearody to lie fHi^ 
Tsl^Med I and all wtM» wen; not readily difpoTed to comptjr with 
the gremeftifttet^eiiof tJie pr^rogJttite, wer^ ^mM ^ htm in tfi« 
vtmaft 4eietl^liopi ' ' 

^ J^rd Wentwprtlit ftt tlie i^omSnt of his ioa^^arationi dSi^dfefl 
thofc hfi^zfi to xpat^, ty ay incident^ fa^s far, Lcland, not wor- 
thy to.be n0te4* bu,t wat rndclcrits appar^ilfly triffing kxrt to df/bo*^ 
.vcr aien's tempers and d^pofitionl. When he^had vilitcd the Jato 
Xords^ttiliQesi with an a^ift^d i^ct^ntion, which' the proudell are the 
jQoil r^dy ip fliew.to their i^imediate inferiors 1 t^nfi had been for- 
iSnally invciled with his ofBce, he fummofted a council ; bfft aerecahly 
to the ufs^e of that court, ia which he had been trained to odfinel^ 
})ut which was qtterly unknown in treland, he fiimmoned only a par- 
ocular number* to the otter mortification of thofe who were omitted^ 
^And tbpfe who were colle^ed, amotig whom were the late Juflices* 
he was fo carekfs or fo iofpleotj as to offead by a wantoii indignity* 
Th^ a/Tcrabled at the hour appointed ; but the Deputy, either fiom 
an ^^atiOn of ftate* or from p- more agreeabia engagement with a . 
J^ady, whom he met in Dublinj and had jult declared to be his w^# ' 
negle^^ed them for (bme hours ; and when he at length appeared^ ia« 
ilead of conferring on .the buitqefs for which they had biN^n fiidi« 
jnoned, only charged the judges to repucfent in theif circuits tho 
favour which the King ofiered, to fueh as wooM Repair their defJMvta 
grants ) and to Satisfy the ProM(huits Wkli regard to^he aew;iaipafi* 
tion fbr maintainaace of the «rtny« at a^arge 4iec8&ry iaoitif b& 
4Mid intended chieAy ior their ddtf|ce< Thus, with an, air ^ ^W^^ 
infoleooe, he dxfaided t|^e<a(HMicil» dealarin^ that tbey ihoaldbe 
again ipeedtly Qoav>eiied» Xfi 4^*' ^eir opinions cto the m^iips df 
-%!{^ly^ ^ King's imBijefdiate neceffitiet.' 

fieth the excelknciee aairi deqi^etita of Lord Wectvi^ortb's go- 
antnnmit am planed^ \f wit iiigenious hiftoriao, in a clear arid 
ftHking* light. Itmilft^beaeknovdodged that the itseafufea of 
tttis nobleroan Were, in UsfWhX t^^p^% Wtk and ftlutary^ ami 
that they have jgreatly ccmtrfbtited to the preTent vfinonae and 
profperity of Ireland. "This has Jbcen cfl>ecially the cafe, With 
regard to the.bcginrimg^d ertcoara^ement whItJh be .gate to 
the eftablJ&oientof ^e liiw^anamif^ory, Nev^rtbelefs, hi» 
&ty. Jan. 1774. £ ^rivitf 



50 Lttuii*s Hyi$ry of IrtUnd. 

I>rivate opprclEons were fo enoriDOuSi and his public cosdud (e 
arbitrary, illegal, and unconftkatiooal, that Dr. Lelaod appear^ 
to us to have carried bi^ candour tQ ^n ^excefs, in the followiog 
difplay of the merit9 of the Lord Deputy's adinini(b-ation : . « 
» Bat however individoals were aggrieved b^ the .imperious feverlty 
of the ^prefent government, the natioo» which bad never known a 
, iirid and fcrapuloos admiDiftration of Eoglifli law, dear^ froni 
every thing arbitrary or oppreflive, was abundantly confoled by the 
advanuget derived fr6m the adn\ini^Uon of Lord Wentworchi 
The army, which had long proved an pdrous and intolerable burden 
to the inhabitants, yet (caicely of eflential (ervice to the crown, wai 
well dtfciplined, duely paid, preferved in good condition^ innoffea" 
five to the peaceable fubje^, and iormidiKle to the enemies of gOf 
vernflKttt. The revenne was nnencombered, and a large famlay 
ready in the excheqaer , to aafwer ai^ fudden emergencv. The eo- 
^e^allic^l cil^ibliihmcnt was proteded, the fevenqes4>f the churcW 
improved, and abler and* more refpedable teachers generally pro^ 
vided for the people* The Scottilh puritans were indeed (bmeumei 
o&nded at the indulgence (hewn to recniants ; bat in the present 
fituation of the kingdom, where far the greater number of inhabit* 
jints, and thofe pollefled of power and confequence, were of the Ro^ 
miih commonion, the moft obvious maxims of policy forbad aay 
rigorous execution of penal ftatutes. It was fufficient to confine 
xec>ifants to a lefs public and ofienfive exercife of religion, fe as to 
^refcrve the authority of government, without provoking violent and 
dangerous dlfcontents. Peace, order, obedience, and induftry, dir> 
tingbifhed the prefent period from that of any former adminiftration ; 
the value of lands was encreafed ; commerce extended; the cuftoma 
amounted to almolt four times^ their former fum ; the commodities 
exported from Ireland were twice as much in value as the fbreigiji 
inerchandize imported ; and fliipping was found to have increafed 
even an hundred fold* Such were the benefits derived from the ad* 
fliiniftraiion . of Lord Wcntuorth, however in many ihftances juftly 
unpopular, odious, and oppreflive.' 

Another obje£t, too important ih every view to be pafled over 
jumoticed, is the Irt(h rebellion of 1641. The caufesand elf* 
cumftances that led to this dreadful event, and the views of the 
ieverai parties concerned in it, ace well explained by our Au- 
thor, whofe account of the powerful operation of religious 
principles and prepofleflions we (hali lay before our Readers. 

• Far the greater number of inhabiunts. were obftinately devoted 
to Popery, provoked and mortified by the^nai ftatutes of Elizabeth, 
and inpatient of the odious dif^uailficaticSns impofed upon them. 
Thefe ftatates indeed had not been generally enforced in their fatt 
rigour. Somethnes, however, the infolence of pop^(h ecclefiaftic^ 
provoked the execution of them ; fometimes the terror of them was 
vfed as a political engine to extort conceilions from the Popifii party^ 
and in either cafe, there was pretence fufiicicnc for exciting popular 
clamour. The Romifh clergy had 'that influence even over toe geih- 
try of their communion, with which they are invefted by the tenets 
of their feligidfl Vthe ignorant herd-trfPapilh they governed at the^ 
* ' i *^ » . pteafure. 



LchnA*s Hi^my tf Inland. 51 

^le^fure. They had received their education^ and Imbibed their 
pinciples In foreign (eminarics, particularly of France and Spain, 
Hence they retorned to Ireland, bound folemnly to the Pope in an 
unlimited lobmifliof), without profefiion, or bond of allegiance to the 
king ; fitll fhaaght with thofe abfurd and peftilent do^rines, whicb 
the moderate of their own commanion piiofefied to abofninate ; of 
ithe uftiverfai mon^chy of the Pope, as well civil as fpiritual » of hia^ 
aafhotity to excomnranicate and depofe. Princes, to abfolve fubje^s ' 
hcm'tbrnr oaths of allegiance, and to dtfpenfe with every law rf 
GodjUKlmaii ; to fandtify rebellion and murder, and even w change 
the TfQry itatare and eflenttal differences of vice and virtue. With 
thii, and ether impious trumpery of fcliools and cdunciis, they filled 
iheir fuperftitioaa-votaries^ ** contrary,*' fays Walfh, the Frith Fi^« 
cifcan, ,*' to the letter, fenfe and defign of the Gofpel, the writingr 
^f dieApoftfes, and the commentaries of thei)* fncceflbra, , to the be- 
lief of the Chriitian church for ten ages, and moreofcx« to the 
ctttl^fttKaatcs of Nature:" 

.' * Ejcd^aflics of ftich a fpirit ^d fach prinqiolcs were fuffcred toi 
cre^ft ifiiritifal joriidiCUon in Ireland, eacerci^d under the* papal 
^thofity^ genendly with connivante, ibmetimes under the protec« 
tion of Popilh magUlrates (for fetch men had in (bme inftances' be enf 
admitted to magiftracies,' without taking the oath of fapremacy).' 
But this jurifdidion was precarious^ fubjed to the reftraint and ant-t 
fnadverfion of the civiL power ; and therefore little fuited to the ideas 
6'f clerical authority formed in countries, where Popery> was legally 
eflablifiied. The date connived at the private exercifc of their reli- 
gious rites and devotions.' But their* imaginations were forcibly ini- 
preiTed with that pomp of religion, which they had (een in foreign 
coimtriet. They had been wimefies of the grandeur of foreign Pre* 
Uies, tke leterence paid to all orders of thdr clergy, their noble en- 
dowment^, ami comtortable revenoes. They were mortified aft their 
own ^taation, the difguife. and fecsecy tto which they wete redoccd; 
the Scanty and dependent fubiiftetice» v^ich they were impatieot A> 
circhan^e foi* the eftabliihed income of t^e Pj-oteilant c]«rgy« Smali 
as it was at this time, yet in their h^nds it might be coafi^crably, 
improved by the fQ|>erIlition of the laity, ^nd the terror of ecde^^Hi'r 
feal cenfures.' ' \' ' ij c . 

• 'It wei« fruitlefs and abfurd to attempt the gratification of tneic 
^cfitet inaay way, but that of arras and infurrcftion. Inforieign 
^onnuics th^ foiuui numbers of ^hdr eobhtrymen, the o^pring of' 
followers of rebel chieftains, who were careiTed and employed. THey- 
fajjd little 4iffi«ttlty in enflamiog fach mea with' the remembrancd of 
their &mily grandeur, the brave jefForU of. their fathers in the aaafe 
of religign and liberty, (for fuch was- the language obvion^ to be , 
ttftd} their prefent (late of deprefiion, and the. hopes of executing an 
effc^da! vengeance on tKdr Engli(h opprcnbrs. By the afliiiapceof 
Hhefe Aeir countrymen, or by themerit of beipg fufFerers .for religion, 
ftverat of th)em gained accefs to miniftera of ftate. To thcfe they 
atagmfied the ilreogth of the lrt(h Catholics, reprcfented theirt afs^lft- 
pat^t to take arms for the: faith, folieited (uccours for the pibas 
uodertakingi and fomctimes received ho un favourable anfWers^ 
Elevated by any marks of attention, fiud oouoei^ing ikogoine liopea 

£ i from 



ftbtai Aie iligfatdl^mittadoiis cf fiivotfr and esicoaHig^wi9iit« ||pqf 
difpaiched thdr emii&ii^ into ilrelaad, to praaife wiih cbe oU Ir^ 
rrke old Iriih,.i>roild, qoerulods, vbleot, uaemployedt idOSaioii^ 
cfirery |>rQq(effi<m boc mu of ^ms, Were ea(l^ routed co any -ioTpera^ 
sitttwpt.* , 

"Wtife we db 5i^<f^ ^ the ibility, rn general wftb whick 
0r« ^elahd has traced the origiti, progrefs, and cowfe qacog g t 
of the rebellion In Irelaodf we are obliged lo confer Wif^^w 
one re^pedf we have been coofidiiraUy difap^omtcd vn'tlieilH 
formntioo we hoped. far; and that is, with regard^ttythe'*ilQI!l- 
ber of perfons nrho ^ro-c killed iti wh« te ««ftmcirfTy -esftMI'tte 
Ififii Maflacre. It is wellluidwn what'dHRfir^itt iictod)^ ttk\^b 
been given of this tfiittcr, attd ijow much h hali>, rff l^te ^cars^ 
been the fitbjeft of dHcuf&oh. Contemporary hl&oria^ liave 
reprefented the multitudes 6f the Prouftants, who loft.ihMC 
)ive9 bv the qruehies of the rebels^ to have been ver^rgyesc 
The llit of tl)e Tuffcrers has probably 'bees exaggeralefl. *Tbb 
IS generally t)>e cafe in the firft relation. of atrodw^ tfftMi^ 
when the miiuis ef men ^re thrown ihto an umtfual t2^;ttiW^ 
when their icsaglnatioos sre heated, and thdr ptfffions fSdlMto 
the highejft pitch tyf indignation arfd mtot. On the Hitkx te^, 
thofe Who luve lately attempted to ifeduce die ttiiSbs:xtA <b a 
finaU number, feem to liave gone too far on the oppofite fide. 
Bat however this may be, Dr. Lelan4's headers had juft^roaoRi 
to expeft fome explicit information upon the fubjefik* biprae 
of too great ixn(K>rt:aiqe^n our general hi^y to i»e ieft^wfaoblly 
tioldetermineil;; yet It is impoffible to c<ille£^ in "avjrd^giMy 
from 4he Dodor'^ nairacion, how many pe^fotn mtgAt ^M^Mn 
bly be dcAiiwed in die If iih tnafllMm. He 4Hi9, iH0M» laiMt 
m apology Mnt his cosduA in this re^&; but we cMlitft re* 
gard it as, in ally degfee, ilatisfaidofv. It was'tbe'indifpfenl^e 
iuty of a Arithful biiloritn) not to oe ifilent vipon lb material a 
^nt ; andiie hiight'bave difcharged his dutvj without enteiriiiB 
intQ party difpiite$, Thofe who read Dr. JLehNKTs Hiftory of 
Ireland, ought not to be laid under a neceffity of recttrring 
eUewhcr^ tor inftruSio^ in any impoiUftt bA vekcitre t» that 
ki«?B*>pa, 

The fiieedfon of varknis and imerelKng eVeiMs, wMdi in- 
tervened between the breaking out of the Irifh tebdBion tai, 
the itAoratUm of Kihg^Jharles the Seoond, is carriM on, by 
our Author, in a miifterly manner ; and, would our liniita4>er- 
mlt, we cbuld, with pleafure, refer u many paitages, which an 
Worthy Of peciili^ attention. We obferve that the DftAoft 
through the whole of bis narration, takes canre to 4(rfii}l jaftice 
to the abilities, integrity^ and a£Hons of the £arl i(aftcrwatA 
Marquis and Duke) of Ormond. Jn his accduift of the tranf* 
idiooa of She £arl of Glamorgan^ he admits^ ^and gives tkdSi- 
ditioaal 



titeat ^M«6:oC tbc^ autliemicii|r^ 4k«i.^«inMIEpii gtaiMfi V 
King Cbtrieatbe l^iift co fl|f$J9QM««m; a o^after w)iic;}v.k^ 

which is ifovK cottfiripeiH b!e9rQ»^<|jfe«|ft ^/ llic focpad voUiaif 

Oii£ Readers wilT pi:Qb0j|4y ^f^i ^^Qt^rt^ifi^d with, the fylipvfrr 
iiig boAoio SLf^nety ftfm Jx>«i^, (4>5 ?4rli?wicjijtvian Gm^naqf 
4t Diablitif to a,teaef of thaM^V^s of Qr9ipn(lfs^ vhfi, aO^ter 
iu*iii9.receur«d a d^fQali, kid^ wxiltt^ tajon^s, to defire Uu^- 
lie would fiend/ a liil ofct^ pofiHIs^^.t^d t^iv 
♦^ Mjt Lori^ 

^ Stnoe I routed jroin: aimy^ I oasiMt have the bappinef$ t» 
i^V wboiT ypa are^ that I mzy wait ttpon vott« 

, TThj? rcjlorajtlon of Charks the Second was an evem of great ' 
cwca^tioa i% ^v^ry j^x^\ of the Englffl^^ dopiiiitonv. But in 
I^^Wnk ^^^i* a, defp^r^tc; cryil war of atqipftftine years, various 
CfiQteaiJpi^ of viol^AC a|id qmbittei;e4 fai3ipns» anjd various levo^ 
fatdoaa a( power iod P^!9per(;x» it na/turalUy rpHt^ the hope^ 
«l»i feafa o^ men, aod kept thoiG atieipxiQii t^ ijhe moft intereil* 
ittg ohjeda of thia life) fi^ined to a painful degi^ o/ anxiety 
't\er old inhi^bitaats,. the. new advemttrcrs, Catholics, fanatica^ 
<vc^ denooimation of Protcftants, and ^vciy pariy of Roman* 
lftj?;i eyed each other with jeatoufy, whh envjr, Wilh fu^toa 
iuid ayerCon; impatient (o be ^eftoredf to thetr ancient poflef- 
xTons^ to be confirmed' \ix tjbe^r, i\ew acquifitions, to 1]« par- 
^POAd for (bek 44«»4wavyiK <* ^9 V rewarded fiw: thcic fcr- 
?ices. , 

Thf copplicated difficttUie^ iflfiog firom^ tSiis {httt of peifona 
^4 ^^^gS) and the proceeding rektlxt to the a£ta of fiEtllef* 
ment and explanation, are futl^^Md ctrcumftantialty'deferibed 
i|y onr Author. The %et o( eyptanatioin, wl^ieb did not paA 
im th? year 1665J1 flxc4 the gc^icral rights of the fcveWif rnte- 
r^Jf^ yi Ireland), aod eftabl^iOied'a finaf and iQvarrablt^ rule for 
ihfj ^ul^meQt of that k;in«doin. 

* Ynt tkis, fs^y$ Dr LeJajid, was bfll d^ bc^^rnning of tlie grcaj 
^sk oi f<Htlemen/» ']^1^ rpll depeisdcd on the execation of the a£l^ 
Jiaii ^e a^plkaMPA of tl^ ri^le to^ particular cafp^^ (Ve comxniflion- 
^5 were^poiati^ iprha* inrall flBat^cs.btdtfiicalty, were to refort; 
CO the Lord Lieutenant and council/ An iAfinice HQimbei; of per- 
plia^ qf^i, j^tod^f^, Recpet»ai'f|>pJi^ai>4ip. to the ftate ;. and ^ye/ 
fW yiMb ^3ftMi»ii4et^%{^yiueDt to the D.i^^k^ of Or^^pudy in proVid 
y^lpciihfr TOP^wdalcjiicift^ of tlys^a£|, ard dcfeatii)ij the attempt^ 
of tkftfe wbp l^Qured it^ ^^^ ifr t^f pi^anqg grants and Jettcn 
from the King.* 

Spmely bad. tba aft pf Eipplanatioa pafled^ wben.the £ngli/h 
ComiBOiis feenu^tOrCaKy that pi;<)fpfirlty of the fu^jeiQs of lue- 
]mi which tbe-fet^kmeotof that ktogdov proxQifed j and, not-* 

£ 3 . ' withfianding 



'54 LelandV Wjory e//rtlani. 

withflattditig all the (bliritude (xprefled for th^ iiit»rtfi{ of a 
new- colony of their /ellow-fofajeds^ rcfotved on a meafur? cal» 
cuUtexl- at once to mortify and ^iftr^s chem. In tbc p^clia-* 
nientheia at Oxford, in the year 1665, a bill was brought ui 
for a perpetual prqhrbition of importing all cattiie from loebmd^ 
dead or altvej great or fmaH, fat or lean. The violent and ob- 
ftinate manner in which this affair was condafted, intbehoiifea 
both of the Lords and Commons of England, is fet forth^. bjr 
Dr. Leland^ in ftrong and Hvely colours ; and be hath added 
the fubfequcnt account of the efxSt^ of paffing the ad. I 

* The Englifh nation foon felt the ioconvei^ieBcies of an wEt^ 
Which w^i^tdnly put an end to ah advantageoos comniercc. Difoem- 
iDg men faw the htipj^ caafe^naposs ^ph~it mu^ vf^ ti|i^| 

> {Produce to.: Ireland* l^ar the prefent, however, the Irilh fabje&s 
were cad 1019 de&au*. Allfommerce was tntecr^pted ; wa^* nu4a ic 
necei^y to guard agaloA iuvaiiQn ; fubfidies were due, bat no mo- 
ney could 1b^ fopndj, Ormond thouffbt it both necctfary and conve* 
nient to acceot part of thefe fabfidles in provifions, cohfulting at 
Once the K.ing*s fervicc and the eafc of his diftrefied 'fubjefts. Nor 
was the King ilMifpofed to alleviate the prefeat difilculcies 4)f Ii«# 
land. With the confent of his council, obtained not without ftau» 
4^1u^ncc, he, by an a£lof flate, allowed a free u^ade froip Ireland tQ 
^1 foreign* countries, either at war. or in peace with- bis Majefty.. lie 
permitted the Irifli, at tl^e fanie time, to retaliate oifxhe ^cbts, who. 
popyittg frpm England, had prohibited thcLc cattle, forn, and beef. 
The importation of linen and woollen ^xnanufadlures, .{lockings^ 
fflovesi and other comino^ities from Scotland, was forbidden, ai 
highly detrimental to the trade of Ireland. i; , t 

* The exportation of iriih Wocl was prohibited by lawi exceptta 
England, by ppticuUr licence of the Chief Governor. Yet, in thf 
brder of council for free exportation, wool' was not excepted^ The 
Lords who had contended for. the moil .onreafojaabl^; redraints 0% 
Ireland, and were declared Enemies, to Qrnvond, admitted in theif 
debates, that wool &oul4't>e induded in the exportable ardcles ; 
Such was, their ignorance of the aiOFairs of this kingdctrn, and fuch 
thei/- inattention to the intereAs of England* Qrhiond fufpeifled that 
Tome fnare was laid, aindYome pretence fought for a future accufation. 
Should he take too great liberties in an affkir To delicate. Wool was 
iiot mentioiled in nie proclamatloh, nor would he cbnfent to grant 
particular licences for exportbg it. The Iriih, forced by a neceffity; 
which breaks thi'ough all laws and rellriiints, cohveyed their wool hf 
Realth to foreign countries, and hive experienced' the advantages of 
this claridefti rie commerce. ' ? - ^ . . ., { . 

* « But the liioft effcftual nieafore which the Irifli fabjeds could poN 
fue tO'ei^de the violence of atr oppreffiire law. Was that of applying 
themfelves'to man'u^dures, and working up their own comthodities t 
and in tim they wefe cdimtenaocod and encouraged by the noble fpi^p 
rit of their Chief Governor; . - . * ' * 

' ' Mett of^ abilities and knowledge in commerce were encouraged 
to fuggeft their fchemes* for promoting indbftry,' and prevendng the 
hh:e£ty of foreigfl imporutiotts. Sir Beter Pett prefenced a meooi^. 



rfal tothc Doire of Ormond, for cre^ing a manufaflure of wocllcn 
c^otii, which might ae leaft farniHi a fofficient qaannty for home' 
conftimpdon. fie chiefly recommeiided the making fine worfted* 
flodd&gsy and Norwich AaSkr which might n6t<c>nly keep money tiv 
the coQDtry^ hot be fo impiti?e4# ^s to bring coofidmble Amis from^ 
abroad* He offiered to procure worl^men irom Norwiich : the coqiih 
.cil of trade, lately eftabliflied ia Ireland^ appnHxd of his p^opofal;} 
the Dukeof Ormond encouraged it« and ereded the manufaflurc ac 
ClonmeU the capital of his coanty-pajatine of Tipperary. T6.rap% 
ply the fcarcity of workmen. Grant (a man well known by his cbfer- 
vations on the bills of mortality) was employed to procure fivchun*' 
dred Walloon Froteflant families from Camerbury to remove to 
Ireland. At the fame time. Colonel Richard Lawrence, another^ 
ie gcaioot ^ projed or» wa» encevwiged to -promote the-bo fi ne fs o f 
combing wool, and making freezes. A manu£|dure of this kindwai^^ 
dHaUiihed at CarHck, a town belonging to the Duke* 

* But of all fuch fchemes of national improvement, that of a linen 
a^anufadure was mod acceptable )to Ormond* He pofiefled him If TIE 
with the noble ambition of imitating the tarl of Strafford in thenioll 
Ixpnourable part of his condu£t, and opening a fource of jmblic^ 
wealth and'profperity, which the troubles and difqrders of IrelancC 
fiad ftopped. An a£l of parliament was pafTed at Dublin to encoji*. 
nige the growth of flax and mahufadure of linen. Ormond was at 
the charge of fending flcilfnl> peribns to the Low Countries, to make 
otiiervations on the flate of this trade, the manner of woHcing, the 
way of whitening their thread, the regnUdons of their manuftAure^ 
and management of their gibunds, and to contract with iomt olf 
dieir mod exWieiiced artifts - He engaged ^ William Temple tor > 
lend to Ireland £ve hundred families .mm firabanty (kill<Bd.in:mah,U"i 
fiiduring linen ; others were procured from Rochelle and the Uif of 
Re, from jtrfey and the neigh'bourJng parts of France. Conv^n^ot^ 
tenements were prepared for the artilcers at Chapel- 1 zod» ncar*Dub^ 
Hn, where cordage, jail-cloih^ tickeh, linen, and diaper were 
bronght to a confiderable degree 6f perfe6^ion* * Such cares refleft 
i«a] honour on the Governor, wsho thds laboured to promote the hap- 
pinefs of » nation, and ihould i>e recorded with pleafure and ^an<» 
Mide, however we may be captivated by the more gtaving objeds of 
i^iftory.* 1 

Our ingenious Author carries oii» with eqtial ability and 
^irit, through the remainder of the volume^ the detail of Irifli 
affairs, down to the final fettlement of the kingdom, in the 
year i69i« This is 9^ very bufy {tnd important pericNd in tk; 
hifiory of Ireland^ includinff the latter end of Cbarlea the Se^ 
cofxi's reign, the whole of Jamea the Second'a, and feveral of 
the raoft material tranla^ions which attended- the Revoliition< 
l^bd events here related are highly momentous to Engliihmeiij 
^ well as to Irifbmen; bvt for particularsy we refer to the 
\^ork itfelf^ which will aiForc) ample iatisfafiion. t 

. Without pretending exaSly to coincide with Dr. Leland^ in 
ill bis views ^nd fcprefipntfitions of things, we may venture fi 

E 4 pronounce 



!|roiioufi€e tiiat his Hiftory af Irthn^ U t vff y vahablt per^ 
ormaoce, and beyond comparifoa (u^(iof td nay oibtf hiftory 
of that couiitry. 1% k wmfco^ perteps ^<M^ as mtftch varlsif^ 
9» thi; oatufe of the fuhkA, hot alwiyt i» itfelf tb« ««Dft m^ 
wintigeou% cptiM wpil admic* Tbr ftyto is pctJ^^cMoue) maiifyy 
ibeng, and geiKraUy elegant. The few inaccttracitt whictr 
oc^ufi are capa^k of an ci^fy ameitdmcnt 

It would hav^ been an additional recommendation to the 
WorVt if there had been running cpntQnt^ tn the mar&pbif and 
if the dates of the year bad been placed at the fop of u^ p^g^ 
The 'author iiiesy fikewiie, oiight bi^W beca referred 10 wkb 
greater preciiioa* 

j^itT. Xni. r^ yff9/cp of tb^Sihi Undfyt Mn 4* « refignfHg tH 
VU^ofi of^Qaftnuk^lTorkfinrf. 8vo. 5»t Johqlbn. VJT^ 

TflE title of this performance cannot fail to excite th^ 
curioiity pf the PubHc* For a clergyman to refign his 
litrng, except frdm a view to better prefcrmcntt or for fom^ 
<Hfaer i^ur^fts tn^ely of a worldly nature, is indeed an uncocn^ 
nion ph^nomenoki » and it is natural to epc^ire what are tb& 
^auft.s of fq extraordinary a ^ondu^ In the cafe of A4r« Liodn 
jfey, bi^ only <npt}ve app^aff |o haifr been a principle of inttr. 
grity^ H^ batb.dfclincd id odfictate any longer aa a minifter of 
{Aie church of England, bocauib be cannot coaicientioi^y ii& 
the Ifftvn^of its woiAip. j£ir«T^ ^an of bonoiyr and yirtue wit( 
foe) the mora} e^eeltence ef fucH a behaviour* 

JM Wb^^ jdft'ice is done to Mr* Lindifey's uprigbtnefs, i( 
fhay ftifl b^ matter of enquiry, how far the reafons uj^o which. 
\it hath a^ed wiU Aaad (he tell of f^ber examination. Wo 
ppin l^ta rpafons in point of iiitelleflual wiidom ,and }«)dg6^ 
inent : for with regard to that b^bcr fpecies of wiAioai which 
bas a reference ^ ^ approbatioii of the Supreme Pcing, and 
%f> a future ftate, the man who, with i^ tni^aken coniaenoct 
gives up his all to thefe great obie^s, is infinitely wifer than 
^ wh^ tribe of ftatefmen, politicians, philofqpbers, divines^ 
and hifliops, who fo readily facrtiice their fcrupk^ to what thgr 
are pieaAsd to call public utility \ which fame public utility tr 
ptways feufid to htve a remarlcable and happy comcidence wid| 
fheir pwn priVaia cmolMment. A pprfon'a motives may be 
light, while bis opinions afe wrong. ^ It was proper, therefore^ 
|n Mr. Lindfii)^ to lay bii eafj^ before the world, that it may b^ 
^ how for bt tm truth, as wen as integrity, on bi| fide. 

The A{}ologT is dttided into fix chslpters. The firft qpn« 
^ns fome ^I'x&mt^ on the ^jgin of the doArine of the Tri^ 
|it(y, and tht oppofitton Which it met with, to the time of tl;^ 
|{f fpnjMtipii, In tjjt ^♦nd^ the 0atc of th? vwtarian dopt 



trioe> U mt own jCOUX^try mqre erpeciiUy, from tb^sra of th^ 
{L^formaiittii^ i9 {particularly confidered. Thfe dbfign pfche 
third chapter h (o prove, that religiqUs Wdrfliip is to be offered 
ta. the One God» the Father oAly. The fourth rcdtet the 
caidfoi qS the unhappy defedion. aoiong Chriftiani from the 
ijfnplic;it]f pf r^KgiQus wotfl^ip prelbribed in the Scriptures ot 
ibp^ New T^ffs^meot. In the V^th^ it is Ihevi^n haw* an unioa. 
in Qo<)'$ worthip maybe attained; and the fiScth jpv^s. a de-v 
f(:ripCioQ of the Writer^t particular ca(e apd diflleultics. 

It is ufual ^ith us, in revising any tifeatife; to foQbw the 
ordcf of thc^nrofii; itfelf. Biiti in the prefent infls^ite^ we i&aff 
r^erf? tha^ methQd5 and begin with tne laft chapter ^tha( we 
n\9Lf be able U gratify, our Readers^ as early as pof|t|)<^ With* 
the Ambar^ accoM^t gf bia own fituation and condu/9*. 

< As iar as my in^inorY goes hack^ fay^ he, t Wad Jmpre(E<f 
^rom my early youth witri a loye of truth and ykiu^, a fear 
af God, antf adcGre to approve myfelfto him, wh(ch hs^e nevei{ 
left me ta this hour, though not a^wa^^ equaJTy governed by' 
them^ nor improving fo great a favour and blel&hg fcom God 
as I oughi to ba¥c done* 

^ After the ufual tiore fpent 9t fchpol and fn the unkerfitjr, 
I entered into the ouaiffry of tfie golpel^ out of a free and deli- 
berate choice> w^th a full perruafioq, that it was th^ bcfl way In 
which! could ferve God^, and be ufeful tp mnn, and with an 
eafneft defire that 1 might promote thefe the gxt^i e^nd$ of it. 

* Some tblug$ in ibe xx^iy articles of our church I a}way« 
difapprovedf^ And I remember it (truck me at the time, as a 
ilra'nge unnocctrary cntano;lement, to put young men upon Ac^^ 
daring and fubfcrining their approbation gr fucb a large hetero- 
geneous mafs of pofitions and doSrines as are qontaincd In the 
Htuigy^ articles, and homilies } eQ>ecialIy^as I had obfervedi that' 
none but thofe called Methodifts^ "who were then much fpokea, 
of, preached io conformity \o them. 9ut I was mt under any 
fcruples, or great uneadnef^ on this account. I had httherc(> 
no doubts I or rather, I had neyer much thought of^ or exa-^ 
mined into the dofirme of the Trinity : hut fuppofed a^l waa 
right there/ 

< Some years after, many doubts concerning fhat .dp£lrlnejj 
which ha(d (pnmg up in the mind at different times and fron^ 
various caufesi, compelled me to a clofer (iudy of the fg'ip* 
tores with regard to it ; for the ftate of fufpenje I waa in ^as 
very uneafy to me« The more I fearched, the more I faw th^ 
little fouiidation there waa for the do^ine commonly receijved 
imd Interwovisn with all the pvbUc devotions pf the church, 
and could not but be difiurbed at a difcovcry fl> ill fuiting 
fny fituation* For in the end I became fully perftiaded, to uie' 
§t, Pavl'a$]{i;pre& vofih ^ Corinth, viiju 6* \W theri, h but one 



5^ *Linclfey*j Apology. 

God^ the Faiber^ and be a]one to be worfliippcdi This dp^ 
' peared to be the uniform i^nvaried language and pradice 6f the 
Bible throughout. And I found the fentiments and praftice of 
Cbriftians in the firft and bed ages correfponding with it. In 
a courfe of time afterwards, in the progrefs and refult of tbh 
inquiry, my fcruples wrought fo ht as to put me upon adu- 
ally taking fom^ previous fteps, with a defign to relieve myfelf 
By Quitting my preferment in the church. What prevented 
t^is refolutiQD from taking pl<ice^ and being cbmpleated, I go 
on to relate. ^ 

i\ DeRined early, and educated for the miniftry, and my 
heart en^aeed'in the f^rvice, when the moment of determination 
came,XfeIt a reluctance at cafting myfelf out of 'my profeffion 
and way of ufcfulnefsy that quite difcouraged me. Tbia was 
probably heightened by my being alone at the time', having no 
iptimate friend to confutt or coiiverfe with, and m^ imagina- 
tion might be fhocked by the ftrangenefs and fingutarity of what 
I was going to do, fuch fubjeCls then, upv^ards of fifteen years 
ago, not having been lb much canvaflcd or become fo familiar- ' 
iaed as they have been fince. . T\\tk apprehcnfions, I am con-' 
vfnced, had gre^t fway at the time, and not any Worldly re- 
trofpe£ts or motives, by which I was never much influenced." 
And befide, I had then a profpe£l of not being left intirdy def-' 
titute of fupport, if I had gone oiit of the church. 
^ * But I did not enough refleA, that when unlawful compp-' 
ahces of any fort are required, the (irft dictates of confcieftce^ 
which are generally the righ^eft, are to be attended to, and that' 
the plain road of duty and uprightnefs, will always be found to 
lead to the trueft good In the end, becaufe it is that which is^ 
chalked out by God hmifelf. 

* 2* Many worthy perfons, and fome of my own acquaint-' 
il^nce, whofe opinions varied little from mine, could neverthelefk 
fatisfy themfelv^ fo as to remain in the church and ofEdat<lt' 
in it. Why then', it often occutred to' me, and others did not 
A>are to remonftrate, why muCL I alone be fo fmgulaflt nice knd* 
Icrupulous, as not fo' comply vvith What wifer and better ^en 
could accommodate themfelves.to, but di/hirb others', and aK^ 
trefs myfelf, by enthufiaflic fancies, purely my own, bred in 
gloomy folitude, which by time, and^he free communication and* 
unfolding of them to btbefs, might be dlfperfed Sind removed* 
and give way.to a niore ch'earful and enlarged way of thinking r 
It was worth the while 1% leaft to try fuch ^ method^ and not; 
raflily to take a ftep of which I might long repent. ' 

^ 3. It was fuggeded^ that I was not author'or contriver oT 
the things impofed and com))1ained of. ' All I did vvas minille-^ 
rial only, in fubmiffion to civil authority 5 which is,'within ccr-* 
tain limitations^ tht authority of God, and which had impdfed* 

thcfc 



JrindfeyV^Mo^' SI- 

^^cAmgfi pnly for pe^pe^ and public good.— ^That I cogbF 
|H>t oxi,ly tp leave my jb^nefice, but to go out of the world, if I 
expeSed a perfedl (late qf things, in which there was no tUvif 
pr h^rdfbip.-r-That if there was a general tendency in what 
was eftabli(bed to JTerve the jnterefts of virtue and true religtoiit 
^ ou^t to reft fatisfied, and wait for a change in other inciden* 
%al matters that were grievous to me, but not generally felt by 
others. — That in, the mean time, I had it in my power to for«- 
ward the defired work, by preparing men's minds for it, wheflf 
^ver there (h^ould be a difpofition in the ftate to ttStiff what 
^39 ami(^» Therefore, if I could, in any way of interpretir 
tion, r^oncile the. prefcribed forms with the fcripture in my 
own mipd, and make myfeiifeafy, I was not only juftified, but 
Iq be commended., 

<. Tliere confiderations all together, were of we^ht to divert 
me then from the thought of quitting my ftation in the churchy 
aind brought me in time to respain tolerably quiet and eafy in 
|t. Not that I now juftify myfdf therein. Vea, rather I con? 
flemn myfelf^ B|it as I have humble bope pf the divine forj- 
givenef^ let i>ot men be too rigid in their cenfures : let thole 
pnly blame apd condemn, who know wbat it is u dmbt^ to 
}>e m perplexity about (hii^g^. ^t ^be higheft imporunce i to be 
in:fear;of caufelefsly abandoping a ftation affigned by provi* 
jdence, and bping found idle and unprp&table, when the Gre^ 
IJaftcr came to ci^l for the accoupt of the talent received.* 

Mr. Lindfey goes on to rebate the farther methods he too]( 
to fiuisfy his oyrn mind i and to perfuade himfelf that he might 
Innocently* continue in a church wbere there were many theings 
|vj|iicb he ^ifijtpproved, and wiflied to have an>enided|*as he knew 
not where he ^ight be in any degree alike i|feful \ after ^bich 
be proceeds as follows : 

* Thus I went on in the difchargjp of mv duty, till a few 
^ears ago, when from fom^ providential awakenings, I fecretly 
put firoOy refolved to feek ap opportunity to relinquifli a fitua« 
fion, that was now bi^come not very fupportable to ^e. 

** J could hpt pow fatisfy my felt with Dr. Wallis's and the 
}ike foft^nings and qualificapqns of the Trinitarian forms in 
the fiturgy. I wondered how I had been able to bring myfelf 
p> imaAtne, ^at, J was wor(hipping the Father in fpiri^ and in 
{ruth, John iv. 23, 24. whilft I was add/e(Sng two other per- 
fons, G^d the Son^ and Gofi thi Holy Gboft^ and imploring favourf 
'feverally of tjiem in terms that implied their perifonality and 
^ind agency, and deity, as much as that of thj» Father. 

* If ^vocations fo particular, language fo exprefs and per* 
ibnal, might be .fifted and explained away into prayer to one 
pod only; I might by the like fuppofals and iaterpreta(ipa 
^iiig lpj(!^If to d^f'y ^^^ f^y to the Virgin i^ary, talking ber^ 



]t.UKl6yV4^ 



tnttiiiHiffi thi^ i was fHU only prajring^ to the oneGFo^ ^Mpr fM 
tbtis Invoked hi hie cresHire tkat was h nearly ujarled ta mii|» - 
^ It appeared to me a blkmeable dupIicity^ that whillF T Wii 
firajdng; to thecmeGddtheFather, the people that heard me^ w«fi 
led h)^ the language- 1 ufed, to addfefi^ themfeKes to twddM%er 
peribnS). or dil&Aintelli^nt agei^ts ; for they would never fifK 
titize fo fiftf) aa to fency tne Sor and Holy Sphrt to be mcrdy 
twO'fRode^, oiMeQ)cAs, or iehtio^s oFGod to tbein, 

* At one great dcfign of Our ^ayiour** mrffion was to pro* 
note riie kin>w)ed*e a^td wor^jp of the Father, the m^ Wtjt 
Cifdf as-hchimfetf teRs u»^ Jqhn>yii. 3. I' ceuki not ti^inlb it 
irilowaMs ox lawful for me, on any imagined pro^^e^oPdMkis 
good, to be inftrumental in carryjl/ig on a worfiim^ ^RtlR& i 
Selleved dtrtdly contrary to the mind of Cbrtft, and condemned 

* If k be a imU m i^sorals,^ jW inbifot^ nef(cerh*^ hj^ Ml 
nofe evident^ that we are not ta das^ny thing ^t^'Am^iy 
k^if^y no, not- to procure thfi gnaie/} gMi Itom» iS, ^, 'Tor 
God dt)e» not want my finful ^&. ft would be iihpibue tp fbp^ 
poft, that he eannot carry on hi5 government^ and ptxsmdiiCiSi^ 
ftlkity of his creatures^ without lU And although inliii bfo* 
vidence he may brihg good out of t^y evil, he wHY pot Kt dha 
doer of it go unpi^nfted. And if an^ thing be evil and odtovf 
in his fiight, prevarication and fetftbood iti Jiich ; and mo^ 6[ 
win an habitua) courle thereof in themoft fpleiAn- ad « cr^a|ure 
caa be engaged in^ the worftip of him, the holy, alKmng 
God. -^ ^ 

< It is related in the life of Archbrfrop Tilld^; tbaf hh 
Iriend Mr. Ndfon having confulted him by letter ffodt ^ 
Hague^in the year (691, with regard to dsepradke of tluyle 
Nonjurors, who frequented the churches, and jet pro ftffe d that 
they did not join in the prayers for their majemes : ^ As tpA^ 
cafe you put, replied his Grace, I wonder men (hould be dfrided 
in opinion abput it.. I think it is plain, that no man can loin m 
prayers^in which thcie is any petition, which he is yerllf pcr- 
fiiadedis ilnfuK J cannot ift^rt a trict any wbercy mnchMji m 

.^ The Archbiihop may bo held by ibme to be loo fihr^ a 
caftiift. ' But tf it was his opinion, that a man who, aftq* 
theRev^tion, continued attached to the late King .|»he% 
could not eonfiflently or honeftly fli^quent a.cominu^o^ 
pf Chri^na where their Majeftjes KUng William and Qfteeii 

rfary were prayed for: what wouW he hav^ repHed,^thougb,t 
often with myfelf, in the cafe of one^ who w^s 'nbjt hi^l^ 
fntkx^x ^^ ^'a? ^^^ mo^th of the cohgregaUpii ih i»flEbfi^ im 
preyQ|9 ^God, which were bdieved to be de^gatofy*afidB9ll* 
9 riws 



1 



tiott^ ifo bis pe6rlefs.^^|d{jr and incommuivictblc.perfe(fti«ii^ 
ajud^ in thfe mind ^f flie ofefbr, «Yaire *a^^ refkreTcAt^ 

«tion'of^hito 10 6ther»V1rTMs 'feem^itf 7^ whidi 

the boneft mind of that rrelate v^duld^have'ifiQ l^s endur^d^ 
« >Afier fome refledtiona.u^n th^^ io^obabUity of ai\y rdft>r« 
^atipn^s^being ajlmitted m ^lir uW^rip tural farms of'WofifK^ 
Mr. piniXcj acquaiiics u% ttutt in this ftatc of thii^9| he had 
no choice l^ft, but dther to change the pttblic fetvice of the 
chiKch^ ftnd makc'it fuch as ke ootild confcien^oulU^ofioiate . 
iby or qiitctly to retire. iHe ^ould not rccoilcile hiotielf to the 
former, becaufe he looked upon the declaration of conformity 
and TubTcriptioh at inRitutionltoTjeTuchToTemn ties, that Tie 
WRUd iidt be ctffy^MfterNb'g^tii TioWStm dF fttem. Btit codJi 
tft'^sevrt *roWrftt1xl8 bw'n nrfhd "Yo % "t^ittt^u^&t iame*fthikH 
th'iis*%t\iM'^n/Wbich%tNil<')!r^e^adet^ a cbante i&. 
pradicable, 

. « Upon tsit tmA teln md HmMti ietAeHKim^ Abr^^cv 
fays 6iir Aothor, 9fid mcigbitig of^i^vury aciAnAhAaiitit^ I mm 
iiUig^ tor^h^u^ my kcQtfice, iMni^vitr lAiflerVy ^^ \MkHk 1 
«hhild lofeiaH inwarihptece^nd hope •f <>id^!m«Ur <^W 
beptsmce in the end. Somewfastt di a tendency :to an fOiK^ bf 
tbis ibct, nny friends mtiy ki^ ^dccafemialiy obfei'vSffd, or yee#)^ 
Jefi ito hove teen dropt in xcmvtr&tfon, of l^ ktter : btft I 
refratndd/rMittCffinillg irdireftly, omditbougln ktistaMte'ikUi c^ 
he fiient <tifl fheJtiflneiippvoadied, as toy hatfans «rere nbtan^^- 
flier%i; nor nly ^oiffloft ta Ailr4br thcifs.; ^ortird d ^ioiiovt^ or 
%e)Me^ tiittat4ifjpione<4iad fuoh ci^fit nMfes'tv Itavebrs fta«> 
tsob or «hiiilfttlidi«ft4n thecliitak si^ :IhML 
> ^ -rke caiaai^e of mirexocUiAt>{>fn6in, now li\4iig at Wbt^- 
Yediamptdn,J^Robet«fon, has -been -la fscrdt i«pro«di'fo )fit 
imp ifi«ce I faemd of It. For Itheoght, smifpifrhaps j^l)^ iMt 
lie tnigbt not lisw ^U* thofe reifons x>f «diilke to eotr-^ftsMli^td 
Uffnl%<3S^fffi9Suf tint I ted ; and^ ihough'infyMf «ot ^i^i<Ml 
unknown ftraits and dfficulths to ftrott^ trich, 2tfd ^ot ^k$m 
^v^tVc^fn {honi^ ybt btvri not in// thofe AfTuari^es Md ^iif- 
CtMtvagitndnlsthat^e'pamts ferch iaiMs:«fe^iigktler ko th« 
JBiAiep of JVrnB, fohfOfntd m> bis inftrtiftiie ^lod «teimtdiwWkv 
otid wbibh lAalliobeiaawe tDia(brt«i da WMmttifaiiftt^fili^ 
iMO'-cofichifiDft a ifiy jfi^^joft iasKTbtiok. 
. .fto^^* in deba;tmg this oiMirr i^th'myiWf ('<^:itat^<o«^ 
«Un) befidts the varguineifts 4hcAly iio > tile i pulfOfe^ ^bMriS 
4bong collateral ^coniidenuioits csme m upon the.'p0fb)M& 4kt^ 
•dF the queAbn. T>he dlitightnofe of nevy. oln:onfAa)9ect8^^pi«AM 
we 'ctoKt:^ ffitmifotts fimjly, quite topreiri^ fdr^ ptesdi^ 
^^w4th ti ie moft path t ti c an d m o v i ng ti oqu tnc e. And -the 4fi^ 

mitief^aad wants of t^e^ now coming £afft 4{pon^t,*'Were4;tged 
#iqUl)g^ But one iipg^e confidf ration prtvailed over all thefe^ 

^That 



54 EvaAron'i DJ/louffps. 

•^Tbvt the Cteatorand Governor of the. ttniverp^ ^k^ *"( '' ^ 
y&jf daty itr wrfif'fp' and hd/ire^ being thi tSod if iruiil it m^ ft 
Sfagraable to btm tif^pt'ofefs^ fubfcribe^ or iectate^ in any matler nf 
hting to his worjbip afidfirvice^ lUbat is not teUevei Jlri3^ ani 
Jimd^td be true^^ 

" Fr6m this account of himftir, }t Uppeirs that Mt.XXxi9Ssf 
has adcd with a tifcumfpcdioh, ah(f delay, which (Hew )A(a ti 
be Wt onty an upright| btit a candid^ judicibus^ stAd fober* 
minded man. 

The Dodrina! part oF the Apology, wUI be confider^ icf 
onr next Review. 

AnT^XIV. Three Di/comrja. L Upon 4be Mem mfier God's 0^ 
Ueiurt. If. The taith tf Abreshgm. IJU, The SeeUtf the Fmmdm^ 
tionofGod. By Edward 'Eyanibn^M.A^ 8v9. 1 ft. 64* La^^ 

»775- ^ ; ".' . 

THE firft of tbeTe dticousfcB it foonded on AUs xiii. H: in- 
wbich te^t, according^ to the interpcetatioo^geberBHyw-. 
tciyedy David, King of Ifrael, is denoceid^ by. the phrafe, ib^ 
man ^fier GoiFs own Heart, Mr* Evanfon, among odiers^ di(» 
likea this explicatipn, and thinks it attended with very grea^ if 
not infuperable difficulties, Reaibn, he apprehenda, fuggefls 
that the life of him who bath any claim to the above title^ 
ihould be unftained with any one vice, at leaft olF a heinoas 
kind, if not ablblutely perfe^. He propofes therefore to ex»- 
mine whether the writers o£ the Old or New Teftameot, m 
the paflagcs where this phrafe occurs, were really ^^eakuq; of 
the perfon of King-David : ^ Audi pedaaiteiiiy&lft be iays» that 
fuch an enquiry will very folly convinee tis» that had: not thia 
part of the facred ' hiftory been, in generah, imperfo^y under* 
fiood, the oommon olijettions of unbelievers, far from (eemiog 
to gain ftrength, as I fear they have done, from the un&casfae* 
tory, evafive anuTwers ufually made to them» would have ap-^ 
peared to be utterly without foundation.* 

In fupport of that interpretation which this Writer has to 
oft:er» he remarks, that ^ in the writings of the Old Teftamenty 
what is Ipoken of die father, efpecially regarding future events, 
is Icacce ever meant of the father's own perfon,. but is almoft aX^ 
ways prophetic of the will of Providence with refped to the whoU 
pr f&me particular part of his pofterity/ He produces fome- in- 
ftances of this kind, and proceeds, by this rule, to examine tb« 
dedaration of the !Prophet Samuel,, concerning David, which ia 
lepeated by St. Paul in the words of our Author's text* ^ He ob- 
ferves.that what is (aid of fettling the kingdom on David^ it 

* Attempt to e^rplain die woids reafon^/uhfieaue^ &c. p.-24ik • "* 
. 6 •- ' , - - <virfcntljr 



EvanionV Bifaurfa^ ^3 

evidently put \n cohtraft to the dl^nupci^ioa of Qod'f sT^eAing 
Saul from being Kiog. It is dear tbat this rejoifiion wa& not 
to be underftoc^ literally of the per^ of Siul, Unce he reigned 
fome years afterwards, and was in poUeJum of the regal digt 
ni^ to the day of hi^ death. This part of the predidion muft 
therefore be explained as refpeSiog the ,poftirity of Saul, who 
were excluded from th.e throne of Ifrael. * Since then, (ays 
ouc Author, it is evident that the rejedling Saul from being 
King, is only prophetic of the re]e£lion of Saul's family,. God'a 
having bund in David a man after his own heart, which is men- 
tioned in the very fame breath of the holy prophet, may very 
reafonably be regarded only as prophetic likewife of God's 
finding that charader in the family of David/ 

To tbefe refleiSions Mr. Evanfon adds a farther argument, 
drawn from the laft daufe of the verfe under exacnination, vix* 
uAkhJhaU fulfil all my will ; a declaration which, he thinks, hf 
nom^aos accords with David's moral and private condud ; nor 
caa be coofider it as applicable to him in his poblic capacitjE^ 
becaufe be did not build the Teo^)ie at Jeruialem, without 
which the ritual and worfiiip of the Jews was incomplete. But, 
jt may be aiked in refped to the laft article, might not Davhl 
be faid, in his public charaSer, to have accompliihed the will 
of Providence, although be did not ere^ the Temple, .which i( 
w;t8 plainly the Divine intention ihould be effeded by another 
hand i However, from thefe and fome other confiderations, 
}Au £• draws his conclufion, that ^ no man but, the Mejftab 
CQu]d pofilbly fulfil «// thiwill 9f God^ and therefore nothing 
more could be meant by the divine tefiimony which was given 
of David, than a prophecy, that this Saviour of the -world 
fliould be one of bis offspring.— «Tb us, iie adds, I think it ap- 
pears duit the whole charge of inconfifteocy in the holy Scrip* 
tures, with all d)e impious icoff and ridicule of unbelievers, ofi 
David's account, is founded only ia their own mifappreheafioo 
ef the writings they underuke to criticife. And indeed, I am 
fatisfied, it will be ever found, when ^matters are brought fairly 
to an ifluet that the do<5lrines of revealed religion (as they are 
really contained in thofe facred books] are founded on the fted^ 
faft and immutable rock of truth, and will abide for ever.' 

The two diicourCes which follow 4ice fenfible- and ^radical. 
The fecond is on ihi faith of Abraham^ from Rom. iv. 22. Itf 
tenor will appear by. the (hort pafl^ge we he^e infert. ^ We 
iee then that jtbe faith preached up to us and recommended by 
the great Apofile, does not fignify the profefTion of our belief 
in any propofitiori refpeding the nature of God ; nor in declar* 
ing our approbation of any form of words whatever, intelligiblp 
Of unintelligible ; b^t in a full alTurance that the things which 
Cod hath fpokeo^ he will ipfallibljr perform, ii} a firm truft an^ 

reliance 



64 H^MSotk^ iXfccurfh. 

MltMfe'ctiHfiie ^dofltiefiiiinfl protidetice oFour Aimigtitjr Cf%a- 
tor, and litetdy and ^xarft'oteJi tAi fectD all his^in comau ao nh , 
Rtpfifjr'had 4t been for tfiankifld, IF this ikAtittt of tbt ApdSk 
htA bietn ^t all tfitM pMidh^ iirjr tbe teachers ttf the Chriftran 
ctHinch ! #t AdoM not now lament the (ad penrerfton of our 
MYf aeligiony which at pfe&m frevsHs in cipery cotmtrf of 
Obfi ftiifraoni* 

^e*thifd «fcdtttft 4b intided, Tift^ SroT o/*tk Frntttthn ^ 
<3a^ from 2 7nif. ii. 19* In this, as wrH as in the fa r u goiug 
fKibmnfe, the Author appearii to ^be a tealons advocate ibr the 
Hberty <ff private juidgtoent, -and he writes in a-fpirifed strain 
agaiim creeds, faWcriptions and iofipoRtiom* * When rdtgidas 
faith, fays he, is founded on the opinions t>f men, it m\iSt be 
an hte^harifted (btfrce of *rifc, contention, and 'dRptite % *bc- 
caufe forlong as there are diffierent men, ibe^ "nittiftbe diffisrent 
opinions in the woHd. - The ^irft evil t:mfeq[uence tberefott, 
which folkmcd the preferring htiman inttrpretations df the 
^trrd ^f (Sod btffofe that infalliWe Wort Iffdf, was tt> rtwt 
ioot ^11 that bfOfteHy love and nintverfiil-benevolence, whicii out 
blefled Saviimrr hath made the only idiftrrigtiifliing thartc ^*hb 
true^ircipks ; to fplit themcmbcfs-of Cbrift's body into imttie<» 
tous%ds and ia&tons; and make them defptfe, hate, pciYbcute, 
iind'Cven deftroy their brethren who differed from them/ 

Again, in anotherpfaice, fpeaking of ^ceds, he fiqrs } < AJ- 
fniglny-God, to whom afl*hearts are open, and from whom |io 
fecret is hid, wdl knows'how tightimd %edFaft otfr ftith rs in 
Mm and bis Anointed, wtfliont otir ftanding up fb many times 
a^day, -or ibtnany thnes a^^wcek to acquaim him with it. Atid 
as to'ottrfeUpW'cr^tunes,. they cannot 'know en ^M^Mr t}i kn^ 
ftr for inch [^oAffions ; becaufe it is not in the power tif taan 
Tb'difcem, whether what we utter be the real diflkates xli our 
Itftarts; tfce urimeaningi^^fMi^e of parrots; thc^wxious cam 
W^y^kKTiQr ; -^r the mere echo t)f our party, Whait wife man 
fhefefore, dr what benevolent Chrifthm would Mlh t6 tffltnd 
Wife ccmfctenccs of anycff his weak or Scrupulous brethren by 
the fnri)iic vfe of anv formularies of belief, even though he 
hinijfeff Ihotild ^ncerely approve (rf* «vf ry thing contain^ in 
thcmV 

T4ie ftree letmons hi^Bi^ patn)^hlet air fothnvedhy vHMia^ 
^6ns on paiticular parts df them. Which appeaf very fenfiMe and 
judicious. The writer is natttriBy led, 1^ feme of his oMer- 
vatiotis, to take notice cff the Archdeacon of WlnChcfter, who 
W advanced propofttians fo very diReremfrom th6fe Wbrahara 
lycfe hid down by Mr. Eranfon \ who is no friend to tiic trigh^ 
fkrwn tbims of bigdtted churchmen. Bjgotted ckundttnrrr, 
%hefrtbpc, are not hkcly to prove friejids to hhn j and acct)i4-- 
^n^ly* wc hara that Mr, £. k^ at this time, aciuaMy under 

proiccatioQ 



^pfiecutioh ia the fpirittial courts for pmitUog^ in bis o^ci^I 
jirjijwity, tk^ Afki^^^n pa|ts of the fcfvicc of the churdi. 
Xiu 'this jOGpifion, wf airfc told, 9 great number of the i&habitanti 
:of thcpariflij uokoonm to Mr. £• held a meetiiig, at which a 
jreryhaiidroBie fun was fubferib^d, for the maiataioatice of his 
caqfe : jU the fame time declaring their refolution to raife a far- 
ther fupphr* if it ftould be found necefiarir. This readinefs, i^ 
'^ body qflaymen, to Aipport a pious and conftKentious clergy* 
m^, and fave him firpm finking under the Weight of legal op* 
^relEon^ ic flq^s jgreat jboop^ on the towp of Te wj^clbury. 

1 ^ II I ■ ■ . ■ . I ■ H I » 

MON T HLY CATALOGUE, 
For J A N U A R % 177^ 

£ A S .1* - I H l> 1 K ^* 
^it. 1$. Ai Jcc&mH $/ tbi Prociidinis at the tndia li9uj€i with 
lefpeato the Keguiations propofed to bennde Bye-Laws by a 
. Cdmciuttee of Propnecors, eleAed by ^llbt fbf that i'drpoft, and 
afi;reed to by a X^eneral Coart : Paj:ticalarly thofe felatire to tb'd 
mippiDg of the Company » by which they would have faved abov« 
106,006 /. p9r Ann. that were afterwards ^try irregularly rtxt^ti. 
AMbthe Profits that would accrue to the Ship- Owners, by haTing 
their Ships contraftcd. fbr, at the full Builder's Meafure, and & 
moderate Prices for Frdght \ injlead of the late roinoos Method 
of Gbarter-Paity 1roiiDage> at exorbitant Prket* ImpartiafAr 
^ted by one of the Comteittee. ft?o. 1 s. Payne. 17;4< 

THE nufmanageipeiit of the India Cothpany's fi^nrants at their 
jetttefnents and fa&ories abroad, has long been arraigned, and 
was little to be wondered at, <!^nii()erlQg the remotenefs of the ftencs 
W p&iqfi. Inquiries of this feature once beguui often brinf circoq^ 
^fiaoca to light that were never imagined, and it is sow oircovere^ 
.that the managers of the Qpinpany's.aifairs.at home, have been.guilty 
^ofmofi enprmous abufes inthe^u-tide of ibippin^; that private jobs 
. on all hands, by maflers as well as fervants^ both at home anil 
abroad, haye been carried on, to the great injury of the proprietors 
.at large, and have einbarrafled the Company's affairs, not^ithHand* 
iog the great profits upon their trade, and the baafUd revennes derived . 
from their territorial acquifitibns. 

The abufes in contracting for (hipping^ were explaltied fome, time 
^f^,. h^ Sir Richard Hoibam-^, whd £i& made an offer to the Com- 
'.pany oi his fliip at a mock lower rate per ton, than the oufbmary 
;€0^a£U ; but which tender was (Irangely rejeded^ It is aiTerted in 
this narrative,. that between the years 1766 and 1771^* the tonnage 
empk)yed was more than double of what was nec^flary for the extri« 
v^gant importation made deriog that interval ; that this importation 
,was mch * as they could not poffibly find a market for; on which 
•aceount not only the expences of freight, but of warehoufes^ and a][l 



>«>« 



• Sec Rer. vol. xlviii, p« 327* 
Err. Jan. 1774. F pthcf 



66 MoNTHtY Catalogue, Eafl'Indies. 

•other charges of merchandize, were intolerably incrcafcd!* It. is far- 
ther faid to be dcmonflrable, that if the directors were to ' accejit 
the (hips ofiered on the moll advantageous terms to the Company, 
there would be a favin?, to the amount at leafl pf two.thutls of chdr 

^ prefect yearly dividends I' The queftioa then .occurs why this faring 
does not take place ? 

If the ufual complaints of parliamentary corruption^ which have 
been attributed to the declamation pf party^ and the ravings of fac- 
tion, needed any confirmation ; we have it before us in the extenfion 
of the fame baneful fyflem over the affairs of a trading cc^mpany. 
We are openly informed, that * without examining into the particular 
motive of acy diredor» when it is confidered that each India (hip it 
divided into feveral (hares ; that ibc owners of thefe l};arcs, and the 

^feveral trades-people employed in the (hipping branches, are qualified, 
generally, as voters ; and, confequenjtly, the greater number of (hips, 
the more nunierous the fliip-voters.— Alfo, that the Company's (hips 
are built, (lationed, and p?aid for, by order of the direftors only ; — that 

. thofe who pay well, may expe6l to be well (erved ; arid thofe .who (erve 
well, to be well paid ; it may. account, pretty clearly, for the extraoi^ 
dinary number ot (hips that have been built, and the extravagant prices 
that have been paid for freight, as well as the particular attentioa 
of the (hip-voters to the orders of the diredors, who have been, of 
late, fo ve)-y remarkable for exa£l difciplinp at fhe general courts, 
that they have, very judly, acquired the hpaourable appellation of 
the Company s hou/eboU troops ; and who> although generally as qoiet 
and peaceable a corps as his MajcHy's btef-taters^ are, . however, on 
the eledion of diredors particularly, as formidable, as ever the prae- 
torian bands. were,. on the eledion.of their Emperors; and, like them 
too, they will fuffer none to be eleded, from whom they have rca- 
fon to apprehend a redudion of their pay, or their numbers, 

* The diredors havealfo another ror/j, confiding of thofe who have 
received, or exped favours from them ; which, though pretty nume- 
rous, are not equally to be depended on ; as they are a kino of irre- 
gulars, not in conftant pay, and often infldenced by particular 
leaders, though chiefly by the chairman and deputy ; but when 
clofely united with, the houfehold troops, are too powerful for any 
oppofition. Thefe happened, fortunately, to be divided on the late 
contefls at the India-hou/e ; which afforded an opportunity to the in- 
dependent proprietors of rejecling, at the laft general eledion, thofe 
diredors, who by falffe information of the Itate of the Company's 
affairs, calculated for the bafeil purpofes, had led them blindfold, to 
the verge of dc(lru£lion.* ' 

To enter into the particulars of this fuhje^l of (hipping, could be 
interefting only to the members of the Company, who have fuflicieat 
motives to acquire more direft information, while the detail could 
afford no general entertainment: we may therefore conclude with 
obfcrvingl that if the proceedings of o:hcr public bodies, are con- 
du(5ted upon fimilar principles, which is at leall in fomc decree pro- 
bable, there are fmall hopes of checking a contagion that frcms to 
infed cve*\ cur wifell inltitutioas for guaiding againll the abuf^ of 
fublic Wttil. 

•'-',■ ' Mis- 



Monthly Catalogue^ Mifallamouii €f 

Miscellaneous. 
Art. i6. J Litter to the Univerfities of Oxford and Camhridge^ 
'&c Jn refpeft to the Colledlioh that was made for the Colleges of 
New York and Philadelphia. By Sir James Jay, Knight, M. D. 
Being a Vindication of the Author, occafiooed by the gronndlefs 
Infinuations and very Illiberal Behaviour of Mr.. Alderman Treco* 
thick % with authentic Evidence. 8vo. 6d. Kearfley. 177J. 
There are not many men who are capable of vindicating their owa 
charaders. We generally fay of ourfclves either too little or too 
much. Sir James Jay feems to have been injured in his reputation ; 
and he attributes it,. with fomc appearance of reafon, to Mr. Al- 
derman Trccothick— But if we remember rightly, we havp had almoft 
all this flory before; iand Mr. Trccothick has thought it either too 
true or too unimportant to be taken notice of. A^e do not think Sir 
James is likely to do hirafelf any great fervice by this new publica- 
tion. A fecond blow ihould not have been given, unlets it had been 
^finarter than the firft. 

Sir Umes would make the Alderman a faint, in the late accepta- 
tion or the word, by the author of the EJJap on Public Worfhip, We 
are miflaken if that writer would not place Sir James in the lift, on 
reading his pamphlet. There is a good deal of that little ihrewdne^ 
and cunning in it which is one of the marks of his faints. \l there- 
fore both thefe Gentlemen fhould be entitled to the above appella- 
tion, we would advife them to refer the matter to the author of the 
«fl&y5, and he will determine to a hair the difference between them ; 
and perhaps make us laugh by a delineation of it. 
Art. 17. A faithful Account of the whole TranfaClm$ relating ts 
a late AJair of Honour between J. Temple, and iV. Whately^ Efyru 
&c. &c. Svo.* IS. Snagg. 

The Compiler has rohhed the gang i the news- papers had it all be- 
fore : but it he (honld ever write any thing worth dealing, they'll 
be even with him. 

Art. 18. A fhort Inquiry into the Nature of the Titles conferred at 
Portfmouth, by his Majefiy^ Augujf 1773. Shewing the Origin and 
ancient Privileges of Knights Bannereu Svo. 6d. Almon. 
From the hiftorical citations here produced, the Writer draws the 
following brief inference. ^ It feems certainly ncceiTary , from every 
cafe that we have feen, that Bannerets fhould at kail be .created in 
the field of battle, though not immediately after or before a battle. This 
obje&ion in the prefent cafe, mull be too obvious to trouble the reader 
with any farther digreflions upon it, and mud be unanfwerable eveh. 
by thof<^who do not think an intermediate title of common knight- 
hood requifite. It is impodible, therefore, that the odicers knighted 
at Portfmouth, though indifputably worthy every title, ihould, as 
was believed, be Knights Banneret.' 

Jt admits of fome doubt whether the Pprtfmouth Knights will ac- 
knowledge any great obligations to this Writer for his .Uboors ia 
fearching old chronicles and mudy records, to depreciate the value 

♦ Vid. Sir James's letter to the Governots of the College of NeiJ| 
York, Rev. vol. xliv. p. 422. 



erf their dtles : ihej itm^ hoUneter co&fole dietoftlm with the reflise^ 
cibfl, chat ^^latever diu iti^natored book worm nu^'iay, they 4te 
^h^nmfidi dignified ; hji4 obumed thdr honours with eafe tn^ fafety, 
dari^ a noble iefid>lasce of Aatkl equipmeat, j'^rt^r/ £rom the dba- 
^n of adoal vmrfire. . . 

Alt. 19. Tbt Niw ficka DiOimmry ^ /ir PrenA ^md &gl!fi 
LHjiid^is, Ci)ntainiDg dl Words of general Ufe, ahd ^tuthoHied 
by ^e beft Writers. By Tfaonas Ns^t, hL.D. Tht/ttmf 
• 'A^/««i greatly improTftd, with chei^dditSon of upwards of x^^obo 
Words, befide a very ufefbl Sappi^mest, costamiojg the Names 
Df tlie moft remarkable Empires, kin^dbmB, butes, iflandt, Pr^ 
tioces, CitU^ *;&ۥ te. the Names of andent and jocflom Nh- 
\i0ns9 bgedierWith the Names of rebark^le Men, Wdmiat, 
Snrnataies of Sovere^as, &c. both in 'French and Eaefifli ^ wfakh 
will proTe of gteat CJfe tt> thofe who read or traiifiite JEfifiortp 
"Geography, Mythology, Poetry, te. iuid kre not to bb fcund (a 
any other French aii4 Englilh Diftionaries nc>w extant* ^ ]^^ 
Cherier, Teacher of the French' Duigaari, Oe6gra|]^, iitd ^t 
^fe tX the Globes. Small 410. x%. 6 d. Dllly. 17/4. 
Oor opinion of Dr. Nagent's P6cket*Di{iionary, may be leeaia 
the tSdi voldme of onr Renew, at, p. 68. — The Wamerona'additioflit 
mz&t to this compendinm of the French and EngKfli langtmges, in 
the prefent edition, (bem to entitle it to a fecond notice in oar jo«^ 
nal } we therefore bi^efly a^Uaint oor Readers that althoogh tfaeob* 
je^ions brought by ns, to 'the plan of thxsdididnary, imhreisafi»» 
yet the work muft, in tonffe, be greatly iropibved by the lak^ tfdi^ 
tions now maile to it : the particolars of virhich ire titUttnised In 
•ch^ ibregotag tranfcript of the tidt-fN^. .... 
Aft. 26., Ejfayi conaming Irm and Steel: The Firft, ODntiiimag 
'Obfervatiohs <$n Ameilcan Sand-Iron : HieSecbad, ObfenMlPas, 
fbiinded on Exp^rifnents, on Common iron^Ore, with t h oMe i li J d 
of reducing it firft into Pig or Sow-Metal, and then into Bar<ifQ»; 
on the 'Sort of Iron ptoptr to be converbd into godd Steel* Md 
the MSihod Of refining that Bar Steel by Fufion, fo aa «o rm^der 
it fit for the more cnrioas PnrpOfed. With an Aetouat of Mr« 
Reautaar'a Method of (bftening Caft-Iron ; and an Appendix, ^dii^ 
covering a more perfed Method of Chardi^ Pit-Coal, fo as tt> lea- 
der it a proper Saccedanenm for chktred Wood-Coal. iBy Heavy 
Home. lamo. 2S. 6d. fewed. Cadell. 177s* 
It appears from the firft of thefe eflays, that ike American iand- 
'fton is a very vatoable ore, yielding a large proportion of.niMful. 
The ^eated part of this eflay, however, has been afatady pabiybod 
in the Philofophical Tranfa^ont for the year 1763. . 

The fecood tff^p and the apl^dis^ though not altogether, mesa- 
ceptionable as to the chemical phitofophy, cbntain many ofoM 1^- 
ma'rks, and are worthy the oeruiai of every artift, i^ho is eagi^;ed 
either in the manufadtore of fteel or of fteel inftmments. 
Art. 21. "tbe Hiftwtj and Antiquities $f ibe andan Bti^fh ^ 
Great TafjfMtth, in Narftlk. By iiesry Swindeiu t|to. lU !«• 
^ FayBte* - 

The valoe of books of this kind is ge»eialfy locid : This irill%* 
Veemed of little importance aay where but at YarmoiKh, 

2 Alt* 



«g 




'^ ^2. ^ CmUnuon ij$ a^Poft Chaip ; or an Aipurement for ^ 
tirure Hour at Home: containing zcart/iti Stfe&.ioj[i from the 

Pieces In Vcrfc and Proffe, that 
Syo. 3 s. Salif))iuy printed, 

.. 773. ' ^ 

$MLC^ cDTjgfUmws as this, may be e^fily n^ade by a country pria- 
t^rt <IeVJ|, in Ij^ijirc hpuM, and holiday tim^ ; and We have nothing 

2Caf aMift^lwn^ft induftry* • ^ 
ri. %i, iTbi Btrangefi AOifiarfi and Guide t9 Bath. Contain* 
' i^g)fi Account o^ — r-** f» AJort, ercrjr thing that Strangers can 
^ want to' know relating to Baxh; l^ut the Title- Page is too long to 
* be tranicribed] 8yo« li. Taylor, &c. 177 V 
TherelSath-direftbries a^e frraa^jtly repuUilhedy and, we believe, 
mlw^9 ^fi(^ iinprpvements. This is the laft', an<), we AtppQf<^, the 
UeR ; there being many'nlefal particnfars inferted which we do not 
i^ember to have feeri in the former cbmpilements. 
t^lX. 24. At'tnuUs of the Proceedings before the Lords Com- 
l^ittees for Privileges, 00 the feveral Claims to the Tide of Vif- 
coant YaJcniia, {cc. fb.I. 65. Robinfon. 177a. 
. Tlif4e who have had their Curiof;ty excited by the many para« 
^ajp^s in ^9 i^ews-papers, rj^lating to this family contetl, will find 
^pji^ g^rf tification m the perufal of thefe Minntes. 

M A T JH E M A T I C $• 

4rC. 25. TU Nautical Almamck and /tfir§mmical Epben^i'm For 
|(he Vev 1775^ 'Pi^IiiAieJ by Order of the CommiiOoners of Lon« 
gittt^." 8vo, %{. 6dV Nourfe, &c. 1774. ' 
7^ l^^'H?*'' ^^'y contains the ufa^l tabjfss, wUh their explication. 
P O I. I T I C A t. 

4rt» 2k* Qorifidiratimii m lAr Impofi^on o/^i per Cent, colle^ed 

. M Grenada, and the Southern Chacibb^ lilands, by virtue of bit 

MMdty'f Uttera Patent, ruki/a Pre;teiice of the Prerogatii^eR^oyal, 

.wimU^^jraotpf ParHameRt* 8vo. is. Almon. 1774. 

A duftjr oi ^i per cemu neixig impofed on all d^ui comnioditiesy 

theprodflcp 0^ Gmnada» 1^ letters patent dated the 20th of June 

1764 I ai)d tb^ lett^ jaftifying the imiFf fitioti of this ur, by the 

prea»lent of Barbadoes« $fc. wbere the like tax was paid ; tbe Au- 

dior of .this pamphlet alleges that no fuch duty is paid at Tortola,, 

^y^egfida, Jamaica, P^vi^fvce, n^pr aj ^y of i;he Bahama Iflands : 

moreover, that it is not payable in atiy ifland, but by virtue of an 

a^df )d|9 rej^refequt^v^^ of thi: IV^bIc» paiTed iot good and valuable 

coBuderations. 

. As to Barbadoes, it is relate^, t^a^ V^c^pt^ng 10,000 acres granted 
^ IfOrd Cartide, the firft p^ppetor, who obtained the ifland from 
James L it jvas peopled by emigi;^nts^^bm England, during the con- 
fuftons occafioped by' the civil wars ;' who fettled on tne viacanl land, 
jmd cultivated plantations, without any titles or grants, either fron^ 
thej)roprictor pr tlie crown. Upon the refloration of r^al^vern- 
ment, th ete f ettlers applied to the King for £roteflion again ft tbe 
claims of thc'Carlifle laiinry,lnaEng an oSer ofpaying the tax now 
in queftion^ for the confirmation of their titles ; which was acoepM, 
^ a^ompeo^ation made to ^e then proprietor. But a protnfo of 

f I exception 



JO Monthly Catalogue, Poetual^ Botany. 

orception was made 23 to the io,ogo acres before xneationed, wUdi 
do not pay the impoiluon, td the prefent hour. 

Having thua invalidated t]ie pleas in the letters patent^ which im- 
pofe a like tax by royal prerogative, on the ifland of Grenada, the 
Author recites the con tells that have arifen on refufals to fubmit to 
it, and makes feme pertinent and fpirited remarks on the proceed* 
ings of the t:ourts of l^w both on the ifland and at home, in order 
to keep the decifion of the quedion out of the hands of a jury. But 
for thefe we muft refer to the pamphlet ; where the Writer fays, that 
• fince the caufe of (hip- money no point of equal confequence has 
been brought before any Britilh court of judicature ; nor will the 
liberties of Britain be much Icfs affedled by the determination/ 
F 6, B T 1 C A L. 

Art. 27. Charity : A poetical Effay. By Charles Peter Layard, 
A. M. Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge printed, and 
fold by Beecroft, &c, in London. 1773. 

The comparative merit of this produfiion may, we doubt not, have 
juftly entitled the Author to the dillindlion and reward that he obtained 
for it *, yet we do not think ic more worfhy of a critical confidera- 
tion than the generality of the preceding compofitions which, for 
fome years pad, have entered the lifts for the Kiflingbury prize ; but 
which we have very cordially configned to reft, in the peaceful pages 
of our catalogues. . ' ' 

Art. 2%. Original Poewny TranJIutionSy and Imitations, from The 
■ French, &c. hy a Lady. 8vo. 25. 6 d. feared. Robinfon. 

>773- 
• Scrihere juffit amor fcems to be this Lady's. motto. Love bids her 
write, and ihe appears to be moR devotedly prompt and obedient to 
the bcheil of h»s little godlhip. Almoft every piece in her book is 
facred to the fofc paflion', and her collection will, therefore, be moft 
accepuble to pining girls and unfledged boys. There is, however, 
a little piece addreSsd to Monf Helvctius, on his Treatife Dt VEf^ 
frit, which fticws the Writer's good fenfe, and may be regarded as 
a favourable fpecimen of what may be expeded from her, when her 
0iind is freed from the * galling chain' which, at prefent, we fop* 
pofe, (he would much rather *' hug" than get rid of. 
Art. 29. An EpiJfU from Mr. B^nks^ Voyager, Monftcr- 

hunter, and Amorofo, to Oberea, Queen of Otaheite, &c. &c, 

4to. I s. Swan, ^^c. 

A poetical fungus, fprung from the applauded * EpilUc frvm Obe* 
rca 1' fee our lall month's Review, p. s©?. 
Botany. 
Art. 30. ^he Vegetable ^yjlem. By Dr. Hill. Royal Folio, 

Vol. 23d. I 1. IIS. 6d. Printed for the Author. 1773. 

We have frequently announced the fucccfiive publications of thefe 
numerous folios ; and we now mention this 23d, which has juft tnade 
its appearance, merely to acknowledge our miftake, in pronouncing 

^ By the aflignment of the Vice-chancellor of Cambridge, and the 
other Gentlemen appointed to fit in judgment or the poems anouallj 
offered for Mr. Sexton's reward^ . 

the 



MoNTHtY. Catalogue, MtdUdl^ ' yt 

the work to be compleated at the i8th volume: fee Review for De- 
cember, 1771, p. 505. Wc muft have been led into this error, by 
a mifapprebenflon of (bme of the Doitor's advertifcmems. 

Novels and Memoirs. 
Art. 31. Memoirs of a GmiUman who refided fever al Years in the 
Eaft Indies during the late Revelations, and mod important Events* 
in that Part of the world : Containing feveral Anecdotes of a pab> 
lie as well as of a private Nature, never before pubiilhed. Writ- 
ten by himfelf, i2mo. 38. Donaldfon.' 1774. 
• Hfver before fublijhed !* There are two reafons to be given why 
they ought not to have been pubiilhed at all. The Qentieman^ who 
declares himfelf to be a German, is not qualified to write in Englifh, 
or perhaps in any other language ; and his 'memoirs, whether true 9r 
falie, were not worth writing. The title indeed prcmifes fome anec- 
ciotes of a public and private nature, but the Author is too ignorant 
to relate any thing that merits reading. 

Art. 32. "The Kinfman of Mahomet \ or. Memoirs of a French 
Slave, during his eight Years Captivity in Conftantinople. In- 
cluding many curious Particulars relative to the Religion, Hiflory, 
Policy, Cuftoms and Manners of the Turks ; and inicriperrcd with' 
a Variety of Adventures in the, Seraglios of the Eafl. Written by 
• HIMSELF, and tranflated from the French, izmo. 6 s. Culver. 

Adulteries, fornications, murders ; in a word, almoft. every fpe- 
cics of debauchery and wickednefs, are comprehended in thcfc exe-- 
crable adventures ; which, for the honour of human nature, we hope 
are wholly fii^itious. 

Medical. 
Art. 33. A Mirror for Inoculators : Or, aii Eflay ; fbewing, by 
Way of Introdudion, how liable Maokind in general are to Decep- 
tion. Which is afterwards more particularly applied to the Cafe 
of Inoculation ; and the Pra«^ite proved to be contrary to Nature,^ 
Reafon, and Scripture ; .to the Liturgy of the Church, and even: 
to that Prayer taught us, by our Lord and Saviour JeAis Chri ft. 
By a Friend to Religion, as by Law cftablifhed. 8vo. 6 d. 
Crowder. 1773. * ' 

Thefe natural, rational, fcriptural, and canonical arguments, 
againft inocuhtion, are truly wonderful. A fhort fpccimcn will at 
once fatisfy and entertain our Readers. 

This learned and anonymous cafuitl, is abfolurely certain, that ' 
Inoculation is Idolat.ry; 
and he proves it in the moft clear and concife manner : 

* Thus, fays he, you fee Satan, with his fly infinuarions, has de- 
ceived many, and brought them (although he could not our BlelTed 
Mailer) unto idolatry : and it will be in vain, for them to allege, 
that there is no oufward adoration performed, nor imward intended, 
when the Scriptures pofliiively afl'efr, that the covetous man is an 
Jdoiator; and that wc may make a god of dur own bellies. But here 
may be ieen the more eflential parts of worlhip, gi*veft unto Satan in 
the ihape of a Do£lor ; a thorough truft and contidcnce placed in his 
ikill and abilities, and foch an oblentance of his commands, as ex* 
tends to the hardeft duties, mor/i/ica/ien SLudfeif denial; which placed 

F 4 - upon 



7i MoKT^tY CXTAibtmi, MSitOL 

vpon !ti right ofijed^ (i^. i. God,) 8(bd done f^r ^«dd iftflf, #^>in8 

inCiUibly (kve ibul and body ; and i^hich now, withbut rf^tai^ce^ 

will as infallibly prove tiie lofs of both. For God i^ fiidfd be lb 
jealoas of his hoDOur, ^at^ fft fupiH ^f pvi it to mftft, neither i&ii 

fntifi onto a Dodor ; wnic^ is no better than a jravin imagt^ 
Our Author*8 other arguments are equally pertinent and conchi- 

five. . " . . ^ 

Art. 34. The ASvantagts and Difaiuantages of Inoculation'^ with 
reCf^ed to Individuals, and the Public, impartially conBdered ; to 
.which is annexed, Obrervations on the Method propofed by Boer- 
baave for preventing the Small-pox. Tranflatcd from the original 
JLatin of the B. Van Sivieten, M. D« &c. &c. 8?o. 1 $• 6 d« 
priffin. 1773.- 
. This is ^ tolerably exa£l tranflation of Van ^wieten's commenta'r]^ 

on part of the 1403 aphorifm^ and Ibme other of the aphorifms of 

Boerliaave on the fmall-pox. 

Art. 35, A Uljhrj of Gintkman cured of Heats in bis Pac€. 
>ynuen by himfel^ 8vo. is. Hawes, &Co. 1773. 
We have llrong fufpicibos th^t this is an iurtfuliy couched, sdvo^* 

tt&ment, to promote the faleof the medicine here recommended. 4f 

it is noty let the benevolent Author add his name to the pampMet ; 

^ no pofliblejnconvenience can arife, from his giving thu fandlion 

xp the cafe9 which are rel^^edt 

Art. 36. A flagtHatiott for a certain Apothecary, with a fall ftc** 
fotation of the namerout Abfu/dities lately ,publi(hed in apaoEi« 
phlet entitled VAnEfTay on the Cure of the Venereal Gonorrhoea^ 
m a new Method ; Ihewf^g how tq relieve the moft painful Symptoms 
}n a few Hours.* in a Letter to the Author. 8vo; i s. Fridden^ 

177> . / . 

, This /mart flaaellaaon is intended as a f^utary reproof to the 
Autho> of an lEuay, of which We have given a fhort account k oar 
lleview/or March 1772,. p. 252. 

The Author of the May apprehends, that there is a fpeqfic diffe- 
rence between theinledious mauer which prodace^ a gonorrhcea and 
that which fvoduces a confirmed lues: and that the firll of thefe 
does not require, the ufe pf mercury, but may be effcdually cured by 
{akingthe oalfam cojpaiva, and by uiing an aftringent inje&ion. 

Our fpirit^ flageliator i^ convinced, that theie opinions are ryd\ 
prq;>etly iypported either by argument or experience^ and makes 
fome pertinent ob/ervations on the points in ^aeftion, — Whether 
Mr. E— — s will patiently receive fucn a whipping, or will in his 
(nm prepare a Jageliaxion for the fiagetUaor^ time mail dircorer.~ 
As topurfebres, we have determined not to prejudge the matter, ba( 
to fee 'fair play between the Kmgkt 9/ the f^h and the Knight if At 
%a9cn** 

, * Since this article was written, the Reviewer hiM been informed 
that a very fifiait news*paper controverfy has been carried on, between 
ibeie medi^ difpotaiti; and that they even proceeded iq taik of 
gun fo^Kdtr ; ^t w^ hfv^ i|ot yet Hear4 the ^sqpf^OA^ 



Mtt. 374 Jia t4^ H^ay-^, f^jtMf Lifii if a ttnk Atttnttm h wlfat 
imttadud irM : Containing ft CHyttkal Analyfis^ or, Bm^iitry into 
tM NMira tiri Piop^rck^df ^ Kittcit of Food ; how hv th^ are 
wholefome, and agree with Conftjtoeion< : Wtdi ibtne Dtre^Hohs 
rcfp^aiog »trr IftTi^ (yf Livift|. Ooileaed fWnn the Aothoritie» of 
en ^Icft PhyficiiD^^. By a MecKcal Gentleman. 8to. 1 s. Bell, 
t'ht beft ^m of thb pebtleacioH ire picked ap from Dr. Cnllen V 
lea«r6i Oft tbe Mmtirit Mtditm : cf wh)cfi Work we have j^ven A 
actoiiftt tft Oftr kevkw fbr Fi^braary left, page 1 36. 

The &te of this jjtidly tetebrated profeifor it imfeed (5me#h4t^ 
effCramUiiarr* Firft to be dragged beferethe tribnoal of the Pobiic^ 
hf feme #f iis itograciofts papils $ ' vAtk all ti^i^ Hsperfe6^iont om 
his head.' 

And BOW to be IHll further mangtedi pUhgedy aadf ittidiSfd; i^ aa 
amoaymoos compiler I 

Art. 38. J Treatifi on tbi ftmHpni Difr&fh tf Ae Eyes 5 toil- 
caining a critical and c*ndid Bxamhimtton of the ancient and mo« 
dern Method* -of Cure^ df thepi^efetit defedtve Ntodes of Praaice, 
with an Amoaitt of oew, itirfd, and faccefs&l Methods fbr the 
Core of Difeafes of this Organ. By WilUam Kowley, Snrgeon. 
8vcL 3 ?. feivcJ. Ncwbery. 1.773. 

A very confiderable part of this erc^tift has atready appeared in 
Mr. Rowley's EJiy on the Opb^hmm^ &c. fee our Review lor March 
1772, p. 2^4« And we find little in tbe adStftions to this republican 
tion, which merit that it (hodld be nflitredinto die world, under iu 
prefent more promifing iade-^ge* 

Art.' 39. Obfi/^miiotm A Jfntimomo^ '&c. i. c. Ob&rvations on 
Antimony, and its Ufes in the Cure of Difeafes, By William 
Saunders, M. D. and Phyfician to Ouy^ H<yfpital. ijmo. zi, 
Whifion. 1773. 

In thefe obfervattons, we have the natnral, chemica], and medical 
hiftory of antimony, delivered in a dear and concife manner, 

.Dramatic* 
Art. 40. A Now Dramatic En$erpaimmt^ called, << A CfaiSlbhts 

Tale." In Five Parts : As it is p e rfbr me d at the Tbestrt m Drtaf 

La^ne* EmbeUiifaed with an ficcliias by Mr* LoutlttiixNirg. 8vo^ 

IS. 6d« Becket. I774«. 

I^hofe who have feen diis pieceperibrmed, have, in g^MieraU agreed 
in their judgment of its merit ; Vhichisof the fort tbatisMlottiii^d, 
chieAy, to find fiivonr in the oyot of the aodtencc ; alihoiigh thenar 
ftlfe comes in fbr a confiderable (hare in the entmainment* ficaely 
to perufi^this Chriftni^s Af^/jr irf , is not the way toheaiftch-pH^«diced 
infavoar of a workcompofed of the higbeft extgavaganeica offloiight- 
frrantry and necromancy $ with all uieir train of *evil 'fpifks e»» 
chanted caftles, and monftert. * The monfteri, however, make ftt 
.£Ood a figure on the fta^, as any-mooflers oan, in redbn* be^«i> 
peded to maker ; and it if confefied that uMnfters, ftNifi^ ftenety^-^ 
'«]1 together^-— have combined to fiimifh out a very agreeable upper* 
ffallery exhibition ; which feemt to have been the nt^oft of the 
^^f^*% aim. /1^'P«K.M»^ 

4r^ 



74. MiQMTHLY CATALOGUE) RiU^fitii^fgc. 

Art. 41 * Acbillis in Petiicaats. An Opera. As it is perfonncit 
at the Thcatre:-Royal in Covcnt-Garden. Written by Mr. Gay, 
With Alterations. The Mufic entirely new, by Dr* Arse;, 8v9» 
IS* Lowndes, &c. 1774* 

Mr.Gay*s Achilles, confidered asa reudabU eDtertainmeot, has fafb-- 
ted greatly in the abridgment,^ by which itis now, unikilfuUy, redimd 
from three a£ls to two. What may have been the ftage tSeOi of its 
prefent alteration, with Dr« Arne's n6w mufic, ibme new airs» aew 
dreiTes, &c. is beft known to thofe who have Teen it reprefentcd: 
W4 have not yet " ajt/ied"* at this exhibition,— as the Chevalier 
Taylor, and fome other chevaliers of the^^n Aft^W^ would expredi it. 
Art. 42. Palladias and Ir^i^. a Drama, in Three hdu. 8vo. 
18. 6 d, Dodfley. 177.^. 
A fingular, wild, irregular qompofitton ; void of natare and pro- 
bability, but not deftitute of poetry, or of moral pttrpo(e ; as will 
appear from the fbllowing (hort ipecimeos : 

* How fleeting is the form 

Of earth*bom greatnefs I not more changeable 
The dye, quick-lhifting, on the ring-dov«'s neck' 
Side -long agaiaft the fun I * 



There, on high. 



Dread J uflice (its enthroned ; 

With never clofed eye 

She marks the bufy ways of men ; 

And even, as they run to good or ill. 

In her good time ihe Jrikes with leveFd aim 

The guilty head ; 
And on the virtuous powers 
Ointments of living odours, to embalm 
Their precious memory, alive ' or dead. 
That what vaiu mortals think forgot or pad 

Is but poilpon'd ; 
And vengeance, that comes flow, comes fure at laft.* 
• ^hxs piece, tyhich is alfo of the Mafque fpecies, does not feem to 
have been intended for the Suge. 

.RELIGI O U S and CONTRO VBR S I A L. 

Art. 43. j1 Continuation of the Narrative cf academical Pro^ 
leedimgSy reUninH to the Propofal for the EJlabliJhment of annual Exa» 
minaiions tM the Uni*verji:y cf Cambridge ; wiih Obfervations upon 
the ConduA of the Committee, appointed by Grace of the Senate 
on the 5th of July 1773. i^y ^be Rev. John Jcbb, M, A. late Fel- 
low of St. Petei^s College. 8vo. 6 d. Cambridge, printed, and 
ibid by Crowder in London. 

As the fubjeft of this Narrative b of * public concernment,* the 
Author juflly concludes, that ' the Public, therefore, have ab nn- 
queftionable claim to information, with refpeft to every material 
circumftance relating to k.' And, hence, he • thinks it his doty, 

* It is fuiHcient that we note a flip of this kin i, by printing the 
word in a diflTerent cLaradler. 

perpetually. 



MoNtALY CAfAlOOUB, RiligtoUSytici f$ 

perpetoallyy as n6w matter arlfes, to contmoe hu Narrative of chele 
academical proceedings/ 

The deuil is accordingly carried on^ with proper ebfirvatioiu and 
ttmclufisns ; at the clofe of which Mr. Jebb takes leave of his readers, 
for the prefenti in the following terms : 

' Thus, nnconfcious of an intention to mifreprefent the coiMuft 
of any gentlemen concerned, 1 have continued my Narrative to the 
prefent hoar, and have unfolded the mod material circumdances at- 
tending the propofal of an InfHtation, which has long appeared to 
me mod likely to rdlore our credit with the Public. An inditution* 
Hvhich after many ineffedlttal remonftrances of a more private nature,. 
I was« at length induced to propofe to our fenate> upon the encou* 
ragement of many- perfons, whofe chara^ers I reverence, and who/e 
jOpinionsy in whatever relates to the improvement of literature, and 
the honour of our Univerfity, 1 think it wifdom to refpe^b. My at- 
tempts have not hitherto been attended with fuccefs — yet the judge* 
xnent I have formed of the importance of tbexaufe, and the£onfi< 
dence, derived from the expedation that I (hall be fupported by 
the voice of an approving Public, forbid me to defpond. And if at 
lad, after the exertion of every manly efibrt, overborne by the weight 
of prejudice, and circnmvented in my endeavours to obtain a fair 
and candid decifion of my queftion, 1 (hould be obliged to defift, I 
Ihall not remain altogether without my confolation ; as, exclufiveiy of 
the fatisfadion derived from the approbatton of the friends of learn* 
ing and religion, I ihall redre with the perfuafion, that, in confe- 
quence of my druggies, the uflc of academical reformation will be 
rendered more eafy to thofe who (hall hereafter be difpofed to underi* 
take it; and (hall therefore have laid in a fund' of pleaiing reflec« 
tions, more than fufficient to compenfate for the anxieties, and ill 
treatment, which 1 have experienced in the profecation of my defign*' 

Camhridgt^ Nov. the 4th, 177 J. 
Arc 44. ^ht Hii'delberg CaUchifm^ with proper Texts annexed 

CO each Anfwer; ofed for the Indrudton of Children and grown 

PerfoA» in Holland : and on which the Miniders are obliged to 
. preach in turn every Sabbath, iimo, 2s. Dilly. 1773. 
• The Editor, whoever he is, informs us in his title-pa[ge, that ali 
^bo^xt divines allow this catechijm to coMtaist the true doQriise of pro» 
tefimnts: a declaration which without doubt mud recommend his pub- 
lication to general regard : he diould however have conddered, that 
perfons may be true proteftants^ and yet have difiicrent ientiments on 
certain particular fubjei5)s ; fome of which are ailerted in this work. . 

The iii9i reformers did not, in every point, exadiy agree with each 
other ; nor is it to be fuppofed that Chridians, dnce their time, 
ihould, on enquiry, always fee reafon to conform to their maxims and 
fpecolations. 

With refped to the catechifm before us, it contains feveral ufeful 
and important truths, to which every' Chridian will fubfcribe; and 
as ta other matters, every one mud form his own judgment accord- 
ing to the light he receives, under the diredion of Icripcure and rea- 
fon* But one thing we mud ever objefl to, as inconiident with the 
•Chridian fpirit, and Chridiaa liberty, viz, the prefcribing to any 

perfonf 



fcrfidtfayiiitfiMMihftri^, «A«i j|(tfite «f AftW ^H^n^mAm 

of particular parts of Scripture, they fball roomYf 9% ft^rcd ^rwifi- 
^ ihft fitfi* UMeKo4in§ 6/^^m mkMtifi^ or QlWui t^ 4^9^ dieir 
^itfofaiuI&l9caz«iiodMm. Tkib vitq 4p|ffriM4 ¥ tHitmak 
which no man, or any iet of iMn in fik« Clil£ma <l\WGtb ^an W-. 
•iU)r iHcrtsiid la; ortwff heaUe tt^A^ppAri^ooitiif pnompABf qf /r»r 

i^m^ WUifiVf r dccIaraiUNM they .KaNy fo4 tWf » fJUcy v^ 19 
vcdivc with mfieknfift and candcnu*; bui (hr ftSrmatiAi^ aod inMr- 
picfiitiims, ev«n of tkt wijGbft and the beft of iitf«> ^9gh>. they |ii|g(» 
ipfiiit CQoiidcraiion and r«^e^» ca««o£ €Pfifill«a(ly he Fpgtrifid w 
ihemfeivss as c^atais and tMigarory niW of fjtfib a^c^ ouf^poif • 

This cat^hiifli is nwch of th/e (JMBut n^tttrc with qji;^! crcfdt m4 
frmubuJes that hare been cAfJdifhed ; ba^ k CftJUtfg^f n^oi^t Dma 
^mt do, OA thoie topica in reijpe& tq which the Proi^iUM» 4i4^ 
irttm the Paptfts. 

Art. i^ O Tmp^ra! O Mmral Wy ^ New*jmf'ft Gift ftf 

a P^ff^ Minifter. BtiSng the SnhJkncr jof /e»e Setmmu preached 

at a fiew fmaU Churches only, and pnbljihed at the repealed Re? 

•ueft ef the Coagpefatioas. By the Rev. WiUiam fieott, M« A« 

late of fiton. D^cated to Loni North, iro* 1 s. Wil(ae, 

A violent dtclaaiadon againft the vicei of the age, which, aococdr 

kg to the A4ithor, is £0 deplorably and defpe^attiy cosmp^ as le 

kave very Mttle hope of a lefoMnadon* * An nicer, he fays, hM ovinia 

•ar body poiitic, torn head to foot, the King and Qgeeh, whoatQod 

peeferve, e5rcepted.'-*4bleicy on ot ! wliat a juckle are we in, fr uieU r 

mnd dUf for only two pcribas, we fee, haiae eicaped the iaiedioiu 

After this (hort bat foffident fpednien of what this warm- headed 

Divine is capaUeofadvaactog, before even a congr^gataoa af hoaeft^ 

Sober, afid patriotic dtipBeas, need we wonder that the pnlpit wa> 

asFusED * him at bight of their nnofl capital cknich^ I 

Alt. 46. SocmimmfiAffrxoightuH^TiJI: or Jftfus Ghrift provfd 

. 40 beekher the adorable God, or anototions Jmpodor. In a feriea 

df i>tters to Do^or Brieftley. In whidi it appears. That if Jefos 

Chrift is not a divine Perfbn, the Afahommedaii is, in ail te^iAs, 

preferaUe to the Chrillian Religion, and the Koran a better Book 

4)ian rile Bible. By John Ma^owan, Aathor ofDia^p a Vifiea» 

and fmmUUit Efifiln u $hi R^unamd Doaor PridUey, &c f* Sro^ 

1 1. 6-d. Keith. 1773« 

Can it be coarfi dcf cd as very psobable, that a jnons Cbriittaji, tflrif 
afieOed by, and intertAed in, the dedacataons oif the Gofpel, and at 
^iamo'ttaie acqoaiosed uadi the doebts and difficulties WiJJi whicb 
iamt pans of it ai« attended, fhould be rafli enough to rant^te the 
enith ef this dii^ne revelation, on thexerduaqr of thar catpUcatioA 
of a difpated article which he has feen tat to enibrace ? At kaft it 
eaay be itippoM that ^fuch a perfba vdll be modefl, homble, and 
^aatioos-ofaabrdiagany thingltiBeacaaieof QiniDidi toimbeiieieci. 

•• #i/# the N. B. priqe9d;et dieloet ef 4iertitkTpi^g9^ 

4 5ee£eyiflw,.vaL^lr« ^. ai9« ^ 



On whatever fide tke troth lies ia regard to the fubjeA partica- 
latfy confidered in this pdrlbmUnce, it it wtil known that it has 
long %^b| 'kiA tdl l^maid), a iHitt^r oFiiotlht and detat^ amo^)^ 
Chrilliails/atid aflb 'that «an]^ wife, Ibiarfted, Hod ^jictUciit f6it6n$ 
bave^prehenSed they^d reifon tb adopt th opinioki itery dmtent 
fiom that VKich this Wiiier enddatotirs t6 fupport, thoitgh ^e/ 
liave hot |breitdN enibHieed what he imnKdxately oppofes imd^ the 
sam^ of Sociniant/k, HoWtVtt iiltrepid, iherbfbr^, and ztelointliit 

fentlemah'may appear to 'himfblf and to-btht^, ahkl)0#evtt llricere 
e may -really he in the tadie of tirtde and religion/ thtre 4s feme 
*reafon to think thUt his a»al has, ia this iiilbmce, HiAttrtxceitdtd Hia 
piety, his charity, ior 'hfs wlKdojn. 'Bnt it is nbt Ohr jbrovi«ee to ar- 
raijp the Author, or ^eddt nn the 'Mijt&, : we fliau thcrefott 6t^ 
•obierve farther, that although MnMacgOWin has «d^Atedl)d'he4i^ 
argumeitts in fuppok't 6f his doarines, jet his manner Of Wlffiti^tnr- 
covers a conliderable (degree of acatends.and ingemiity ; ivith ^ veki 
^ ^leaHmtiy which ibmn ferves, rery innbeentfy, to retoder wctM^' 
'troveHy, even on the mo'ft ftrions fabjeds^ iki fbtne neafuit fiv^ty 
and entertaiiiihg. 

Art. ^j.Tbi Hertfirdfiiri Mtibdjfi trt-,'PftJm^8fngtr'i R^e^a* 
don. Being a valaable CoIIe<flion of PTalms, Hynnns, Anthems* 
^. on y^ioQs Occifions, To whieh in prefixed, a new, conciTe, 
and eiiy IntrOdOClioto to the Art of Siagiag^ ^ind a copious Dic<» 
• tionary of the Terms made afe of in Mafic. , By jobn Ivery* 
Teacher of fylnfic at Norihaw in li^tlbrdikire. 'Svo. lex^ckwiic/ 
as. 6d. Whtble. 1/73. 

A codedion tif pions tenes, n»aoy of them wall known, and wiueii» 

wicked as the Reviewers «re fomecimes faid to be, have been ifaml- 

'liar "io their ^lars^'Otn Uietr youth: wefliay, therefore, from onr own 

''tseperfeiice, (afHy retonmend theCki to ^e nife of our accufers, to iiar- 

'OiOnSfe their mibdt,nttd bring theto to « charitable turn offentimeat^ 

luitabte to their zealoas pn^etences to Chriilian principles. 

An. -48. A FragmaU if a LetUr to en Orthodox CUrgpnanl By 

a plain tinlettered ChrifliJm. 6vo. } d, Norwich* printed, and 

, fold ^ Robinlbn in London. 1 773. 

' Tlie Editor 6f Ibis letter tells the Reader, that * It was written ijp- 
^wards df ia years fince, to an elderly orthddox clergyman, by a vevy 
^ybnng pieribn, t>f no kind of education or advanuge, 4nore than ^ui 
^drdix^ary eradefinan.'— The yoang man, however, appears to have 
'MifelRd good natural parts, and to have offered, in this letter, a feo* 
^£ble plea fbr heierddoxy. 

The occmfidn of the letter was die Clergyman's havisg recaq- 
'diencfed dUMt SirtUinu to the Writer, in orikr, we fuppotc, to con- 
*Vert hitn 10 the trinitarian Riith« Seed's argumema, however, <ieem t^ 
^lave fti9ed ^f producing the wzfhed-fbr ^fe£l ; and the you^g m^a 
'here: gives his letibas for ftill rematning'as heterodox as before. 



S-ERMON. 



"7^ C o R R E 8 p o ir D 1b K c r; * ' 

SERMON. 

L The Power o/Mufic, and tbt'particular Injiutnct tf Church JIL^.— 
Preached in the- Cathedral of Worceiler, at the anniverfary Me^c- 
ing of the Choirs of Worcefter, Hereford, and Glouceller, Sep- 
tember 8, 1773.. By John Rawlins, A. M. Rc£lor of Leigh, Mi* 
nifter of Badfey and Wickamford in Worcefter, and Chaplain to 
Lord Archer* 8vo. 6d. Rivington. 1773. 
A fermon on the fame ful>jed, and from (he fame text, Pfalm Ivii. 
7, 8. is to be found in Atterbury's Difcourfes ; but the powers of 
jDuiic on the human frame, and its tendency to elevate our devotion, 
are difplayed in a much more liberal, exteniive, and agreeable man- 
ner by the Redor of Leigh, than by the Bifhop of Rochefter* Muiic, 
' however, is of that feducing nature, that in treating of its eH^fb we 
att naturally beguiled into a declamatory drain of panegyric ; and 
as found operates mechanically on the pafHons, and inftead of exer- 
ciiing the mind, lulls the underllandiug into a pleafing (lumber, it's 
eipployment in religious purpofes ouglrt to be conduced with a very 
cautious hand, if we preter National piety to rapturous flights of in- 
toxicatioii and enthuiiaUlic extaiies* 

CORRESPONDENCE. 
7o the Authors ef the Monthly Review. 

Gentlemen, London^ Dec, 18, 177'^. 

* 'DEING* perfuaded that Audi alteram partem^ is a rule from which 

JD you do not deviate. I hope you will admit in your article of 
* Correfpondence, the following account of an affair^ of which y^apr 
account has been given by yoar Correfpondent Amicui *• 

* One of the principals in this unhappy difpute was the late Dr. 
Samuel Leeds. He had not the advantage of a liberal education, hoc 
by a remarkable natural propenfity was determined to the ilady of 
phyfic. He endeavoured to make himfelf acquainted with die Ma* 
teria Medica, and with the languages. He profecuted his Indies at 
Edinburgh, where his afliduity was rem^ked by the Profefibrs, who, 
though they were not unacquainted with his want of learning, grained 
him a degree. On his return toI/)ndon, a vacancy Jiappenmg for 
the poft of Phyfician in the London Hofpital, by the well-meant bat 
too precipitate zeal of his friends he was propofed as candidate^ and 
clefted. After feme time a diffatisfaftion arofe^mong the Governors; 
it was publicly reported that his ^^%Ttt had been furreptitiouily ob- 
tained; inllances of barbarous orthography in his recipes were 
brought as proofs of his ignorance : the books of the Hoipiul tefiJ- 
fied in his favour that his prafUce was equally fuccefsfid with that of 
his colleagues, but it was thought neccllary he ihould p^fs exami* 
nation before the College of Phyficians in London : he perceived 
there was much prejudice againli him, and refigned. Being in- 
formed that Dr. Fothergill had ufed expreflions to his diradva:ntage, 
he lodged a complaint ag.iinft him, before his own Society [the 
Quakers.] The Soci<*ty apprehended that if the complaint (hould 
appear to be jull, Dr. h*. .might, ncverthelcfs, not be eafily induced 

* • In your Odobcr Review.'. 



CORRESPONDBKCE. 79 

to ih&ke a proper icknowledgment, anclconiideriTip^ that his refailng 
to do fOy moft^fiibje^l him to a fihmn,c4nfMrt^ agreed Co difpenfe with 
their tJUMiJhed^t for proceeding in cafes €f defamtuion^ and pro- 
pofed a decifiofi of the afBiir by arbitration. The propofal was 
agreed to by both pities ; five arbitrators were chofen ; after many 
hearings and much deliberadon, three of them, awarded to Dr. Leeds' 

'£.'^t^ htindreld ponnds as damages ;' the other two pleaded as their rea- 
ion for not joining in the award, ** that the three had refafed to exa^ 
mine an evidence which Dr. F. faid he could produce ;" the three 
aflerted, and have verified their afTertion on afHrmation f , that they 
did make a propofal to renew the arbicration bonds, in order to hear 
any evidence that could be produced, which propofal the two and 

* Dr. F. did not agree to %, Some of Dr. F.'s friends advifed him to 
pay the five hundred pounds, fome adviled him not to pay it ; he 

' proceeded to a trial in Weftminfter*hall ; the award Was fet afide. 
Jt is not defigned to in^nuate that regard was (hewn to the rich for 
his riches, or to the popuhr for his popularity; but judges are not 
inEdlible any more tian other moruU. Leeds, now in cir cumflances 
of dilgrace, attended with a total lofs of his practice, appealed once 
more to his own Society ; he complained againft Dr. F. for refufing 
to fulfil the award given in confequence of their advice ; he was ad- 
mitted to feveral hearings, but many perfons are of opinion that he 
was not heard with impartiality ; the majority feemed determined to 
take no ftep which might tend to produce what they thought difre« 
paution to Dr. P. This, perhaps, was the firft inilance whereia 
there was reafon for fufpicion that an implicit attachment to a fupe- 
rior and amiable chara&cr, induced the Society to fwerve fttnn the 
line of ilri£t juftice. The arbitrators were men of chara^r and nn- 
derftandingy doubtlcfs they aded honeftly and judicionfly upon the 
evidence that came before them, and made , the award from a con- 
vi£lton that Dr. P.*s expreflions had adually given rife to the preju* 
dices again^ Leeds : it is remarkable thiat the evidence produced be- 
fore the court of King's Bench infifted on proof of Leods's ignorance 
and inability, not on proof that the words charged on Dr. F, wei^ 
not fpoken by him, or that they did not contribute to the injury of 
Le^s : though from proof of the/e circumdances only, the award 
coiild have been properly reverfed. As it feems impofiible that Dr. F. 
could Jcnow that his condud had in no degree affeded Leeds's- repu- 
tation, though it might liave hurt His pride, it would have been but 
confiftent with his allowed generoilty, to have made him fome repa- 
ration ; the opportunity for this is now pad^ the poor man is no 
jmofo ; proJ)ably fallen a vidim to the vexation caufed by this unfor- 
tunate afiair: an affair of which much has been faii, but. little 

' knbwn, and which might have pafled quietly to oblivion, had not 
your Correfoondent recalled ic into notice. I am yours, 

IMPARTIAL/ 
•"— ^■•■i"-.'""."— -^-^i."*— — »— i"^— ^^■— ■' I III I I" I II III 

Vt Vid. The j^p^edi in your July Review.' 
* i It WIS witli. great relu^^nce that one of the.ihree accepted the 

^'i>fice of arbitrator, nor did he accept it till after being paiiicular!^ 
requcfted by Dr. F. to do fo.** 

J A GentlemsTn 



^^ f( ita^fknitiUtY io our jtep f j e fcft t yuHit; .b)it lie.jegim to tfainfc 

^ifir JSbmy to 4kmir. 

.gHimm GQmfbittit. It mrKiaM a pMl^UgKicHi fr two, i^.^jift 
^(IK, ^ick JM^fc AOI 'y«t iqfui« thw <^ppeftraoce in A^r kevkv. 



jiKBibef theaAvff lifn i a at pf ,tl|k pocp; mt s|l|p ,jfCQl}e^ tUt i)^ 
ibpotc ««•# >*/ /ir abmit die tune ab an rs m in w oin d ; aji4 ihax oar 
.coikAor Jtpoited ihft << die wipiic jwas wt f^utiJV^d;" |v»i M.iffe 
4tlHveifen ik> advefdAaieot of U, Aa cy ,"^we 09act^|e ihat it u Ofc 
^yct to4^4pfOCuicd t* 

Hiif C«riifpofado«t'eiitxri«.I>r. QeUteltli m die " .firctheft p(M ^ 
.d»e-«9e»" ^ .hei«fifts diat.die Andi9r of T'ibr 4ffm^c ^fmr^t^^ 
reoiM«eod«i V ^» if^ ^ Revioiv for ^cptqinber (^, ^at 4]^ a 
dhwi^ittl -btiT«iM«r from die DoQor. We jbaye neither iht TravMr, 
.i^PffoW*W^yr, Aor yix^Fitf^giacafdh performance at Jimh); bft 
^CCOfdUog to die^Ktrai^ ii»t u^ i^ f^r pocrefpqodcwt, there is:ii|. 
.i9«d niftrikng refemUaoee bft^vee^fqweral p^^d^^^i^otedirqpii]^ 
jgc^^^imcSfpfi/mimy and dipfe wUch^Mie ipt in cov^parifon ynth Attm, 
Jk»m fir.^. Aat, at the ^me i^, iw^iinaft t>t fo free with oar Qpf. 
fftiTpoiiiknc as to declaie to Jum^ $b^ widi lefpefl to the jgnwi^ 
aioinber*of< dte pafliig^s mifht^h he h^ :pro4ttced» -we 4o not^ercdite 
.Oten the fmatleft ground for the patcry of //iggifi^ .fo vioka^jr 

Wath what paiticftlar 'mw oar CorsD^pondent he» honoored nf 
•f^idi this<oiiimuaicatioa» we,are,at a lofs tOjgtt^fi. He cojild n^ 
':fafft\yt*e%jpt€tvLi to commit |o the prefs, a paper fb ind^ereiuly 
^pcMiafed w it ; aad in one^r two rtSp^f fo^dafipieotalfo in poift 
.«f UrAi«K(;*-^lf hisdefign yfZ9» merely, to befriend as, ,1^ hit fent^ 
jmemiemadi oUiged.io him :-wi8 we are to every Gentleman whio 
Tftyoan ih vithfcnarks, oa-aay fohje^W or pointy thatjouiy tend t^ 
wwarddieiiNrvice of iitsnuue in r^eneiialt ^ the improvepeat gf oqt 
dftcview, ill paadotflar. 

%* The iofeirdoA of i^'ifA/^^s JUetter, .rclatii^ toPlato*a Dii^ 
:fion of.M«# (fee Rev. lor Sept. lail> p. 168) wonld Icfd .os tpo fi|r 
beyond the Jimits of otir plan* 

* "* ^e readily admit that in any matter of opinion, or point -of 

tafte, as well as in religion, a Dijaitir may he asmnch in die right 

as fny. member of the moft perfki-eftablifluBeat oadtr the fiub 

f Sineethc above was fent IQ the prcft, this .pamphlet has ] 

prociiredt . 



THE 

MONTHLY REVIEW, 

For FEBRUARY, 1774. 



Aar. i« Jh- J|^ fvwurdi m Nttfural Wfimry 9f tht Coun^ ^DmUhip 
act^mmodatid #• thi n§hU Dt/^Hs tf tht Dublin Society ; aHbntiog a 
foftieiai^ View, L Of its VcfCtal^leB, witk their meckanical tdd 
ceconomiea^ Ufes, aod as Food for Men and Cattl^ ; a Catabgue 
of our V^eublePoiibns;. and a Bocanical Kalendar, exhibiting, 
the reff>e£Uve Months in which moft of the Simples in Ufe are 

. found in Flower. II. Of its Animals. Ill* Of its Soil, and the 
State of its Agri(;Qlture ; its Foffils, K^nes, Minerals, and fome 
lately-difcovered tninend Waters; parttcnlarly the folphureoas 
Water ait Locaa, and its medicinaj Virtues, Irom prafticalObfer- 
vations. IV. Of the Nature of the Climate, from Diaries of the 
Weather, kept in Dublin for Fifty Years paft ; interfperfed with 
itoeteorologicai and aKPnomical Obfervations.' 2y John Rutty, 
M. D. 8vo« a Vols. 1 2 s, Dublin printed ; and fold by John* 
fioftinLondon. 1772** 

rrnHE Dublin Society was inftituted before the London af- 
J[ i&ciation for the Encouragement of Arts, ManufaAiires, 
and Commerce. It was incorporated in the year 1750 ; and to 
the encouragement afforded by this public fpirited body, to men 
oT genicis and enterprize, Ireland is indebted for many improve* 
menCs in arts and manufafiures (but efpebtally in agriculture' 
and hu(bandry) which have been made ii^ that country, withia 
the laft twen^ years. 

Another ^ Cmfetttim,* as Dr. Rutty ^^ipreiTes it, was farmed 
in the capital of Ireland, (oon after the above-mentioned 2&^' 
datiod, under the name of the Phj/koHiftorical Soaety; the 
laodable defigns^ of- which co-operated with that of the Elder 
Body, ^ in regard to an inveftigatton of the natural produftions 

.:;.; TM^ work has but lauly be^ imported and advertised for iaie' 
in London. 

ViM.L^ G ff 



82 Rutty'; Natural tiiftvrj of ihi t$unty ^ Duh&L 

of Ireland^ fubfcrvient to ^p improvement of trade, manofa^* 
tures, and commerce.' 

Under the aufpices of the lafi-mentioned Societjr, the Public 
were favoured with thofe .taluable publications, the Natural 
and Civil Hijloriis rf the Counius ^ WATEftFORD, CoRR, amd 
Kerry , befide that bf the County of Downe^ which was prior 
to thefc, ' The fufvey of ^the counties of Watcrford, Cork, and 
Kerry, Was the work of the late ingenious Mr. Charles Smith ; 
who Acquitted himfelf fo well in the execution of his undertaking, 
that we could not but greatly lament the lob which the Public 
fuftained by the death of this very able and truly ingenious fon 
of Science.— -He lived, however, to fee, with the utmoft re* 
grct, and mortification, the decline of the Phj/tco^Htftn-ictd Sp- 
cUtjj and with it, the lofs of that patronage under which be 
had undertaken a ta(k f fo agreeable to his genius and inclina- 
tions. This difappointment he pathetically laments, In the in- 
trodudion to his Hiftory of Kerry ; of i^hich we gave ad ac" 
count in the 17th \olume of our Review t* 

It was, we find, at the inilance of the laft-named Society, 
that Dr. Rutty undertook the * profecution of the natural HitU 
torj of the County of Dublin :' — a tafk, he adds, with the mo- 
defty ever infeparable from real knowledge aiid learning, to 
which * I confefs I was unequal ; and the more fo, as I b^ 
fcarce any help from my pcedeceflbrs in this work/ — The 
Dodor, however, acknowledges that he was farther prompted 
to engage in this undertaking, ' by a moft cordial regard to the 
noble dcfigns' of the Dublin Society ; to whom this Effay is 
rcfpedfully addrefled, in a dedicatorial preface,-<-in which he 
exhibits a fummary view of the materials naturally afforded for 
fuch a work. — An extract from this addrefs, wherein the Au- 
thor himfelf gives an account of the information and entertain* 
tnent which the curious Reader will find, in the perufal of theTe 
volumes, will not be improper, in this place. 

* Nfiture, fays Dr. Ratty« far from being more peaurioos in her 
productions in this than in the neighbouring countries, hath abun- 
dantly fupplied us with a great variety, whether of matters of ca- 
^nofity, or fuch as may be lubrervient to the fpeculations of philofo- 
phers, or to medicinal or o^conomical ufes, 'u.g. Among ilones 
which have been found in different parts of this country, the L^s 
JudaiekSy the Ofti%coUa^ the Gjpfum ftriatwn^ anfwering the purpoics 
of the plainer of Paris, and in ibme refpedb fuperior to it, the U^s 
JJbeJUs^ a great variety of marbles, equal, perhaps fuperior to the 
Egyptian or Italian, the granite, the porphyry, the Lafi$ Lydiut or 
.,■■■- - . . ■ * 

..t The.iiUimate olje^ of the Society was, to procure the natural 
and civil hidory of cytty county in the kingdom. 

' t In our ^th volume the Reader will alio find an account of the 
Hiftories of Waterfoxd and Cork, 

touch- 



Rutty'i Natural Uiflory ofthi County $f Dublin^ 83 

touch-fione, a great variety of petrifications* fpars, c^ydals, and 
pebbles, and even real gems, fo far, that whatever may be faid of 
the fuppoied amethyAs in the county of Kerry, I have good autho- 
rity for faying, that the Cornelian has been found here, and per- 
haps the emerald alfo ; and the Lafis Sfiicu/aHs of Pliny, iiinglais or 
Muicovy glafs ; pearls are found in our Poolbeg oyfters, and amber- 
gris has been frec[uently found on our coafls, and particularly. of x 
late in large quantities in the county oF Kerry ; and good fperma*. 
ceti hath been prepared from that fp^cies of the whale which yields 
it, which is fometimes call upon our coafls. Now if fucH has beea 
the refult of a few recent enquiries, there is no doubt but many yet, 
unheard and unthought of difcoveries will be the confequence of 
farther fearches. 

' £ut to proceed to articles of more immediate and general afefuir 
hcCa. !• We are very liberally fapplied, even in this county, with 
great plenty and variety of ochres and painting earths, not at all in<* 
ferior to thofe imported from England, France, an/ Flanders, and I 
am well informed that at Newbridge in the neighbourhood qf Crone- 
baun (of which hereafter} there has been found a red ochre in large 
qaantity, of which one ounce gave feven grains of pure filver and 
fome gold. 

* 2. Lead ore is frequent with us and fmelted^ in this county, iii' 
which alfo there are feveral traces of copper j and our water at Crone«* 
baun in the county of Wicklow, may well vie with thofe of Heren- 
grund and Ciment in Hungary. Of ours I received the following aC'^ 
count in the year 176c, from a perfon converfant in thefe matters: 

**^ It is faid to tranunute iron into copper, but^ the fadl is, that it 
lirecipitates its contained copper upon iron bars immerfed. It con- 
tinues in its full flrengtbf and in feven years lafl paii yielded to jta 
proprietors a fum no lefs than £. 17,259. i8i. 9^^* and all this 
without the expencc of fuelaud men.'* 

* The precipitate thus formed being fluxed, yliJids aj)0ve half of 
pore copper: for an oance gave 12 pennyweights and 18 grains iil 
one experiment, and 13 pennyweights and 12 grains in another.' 
Now this is fhipt oflF to England to be Huxed there, and then by 
plating and rolling mills reduced to the fhape in which it is fold^ 
and lent over to us, loaded with the expences of freight outwards 
and inwards, infurance for carrying to the part where it is fhipt off, 

' amounting in ail to £, 2. 3/. per ton, all which might be faved, 
and the £r{l preparation being made from the water without expence, 
gives abundant encouragement for ereding houfes for Huxing, and 
the proper machines for plating and rolling ; to which I hai'e heard 
of no boieftion, except the dearn^fs of coals with us. 

* ^5. Of the Trip/las or rotten (lories, we have alfo a great variety^^ 
as appears from the enumeration here given of them in this county, 
and probably of equal ufe to any imported for pdliihing brafs, ^' 
ver, &c. 

•4.1 have alfo fpecified a variety of marls in this coUrity, feve- 
ral of them not mentioned in the hiftories of the counties above 
named. 

* 5* Fuller's earth is indeed a d^fidtratum^ but encouragement it 
fttven to fearch for it from the following obfervation among the re- 

Q t cordji 



S4 Hiiitfs Uaturat Bipry tf the C^untfefDuhnn. 

cords of voar Society, viz. *' that large lampi of it art oftm fomuf 
in the Cionmell tobacCO-pioe clay.'* 

* 6. At Bally-caftle» atiq likewife la the county of Waterfbrd* a 
firatttfli of clay over the coals, is {kid to have been lately difcovered, 
which is foa^d in glafs-houfe pots to be equally ftrong, and to ea- 
dtire the fire as weU as Stoarbndge day.' 

' 7. A white bltii(h clay was formerly exported from Carrickfems 
to England, Ibr making that called the Ifelfi-<wari^ which was (op* 
plied to ns Brom thence until of late we learnt to ered a manunc- 
tore of it near I>ttbl]n, which was profecoted with ««at fncoeft Ibr 
to' years, the ware being foperior to the Dntch, uiough now de* 
dining, for want of the continoance of due encouragement. 

* 8. The Manganefe, a fabftanceof a dark g^y coloor, and of a 
meullic appearance when broke, of great nfe in making the black 
glazing in potters ware, by being Mtd, with lead ore» with which 
we nfed to be fopplied entirely from England, is found in fevera) 
places in this contatry; and oars is faid to be fo much richer in the 
mineral than that imjported from England, as to render a left pio- 
portioh of lead neceaary for the pnrpofe aibrefaid ; an article more* 
over of great moment, as bein? with arfenic of great nfe in taking 
away the giecnnefs to which aU glafs made of fand is fubjed. 

* 9. In the county of Wicklow, not far from Dublin, are large and 
deep pits of Pjrit^^ from which copperas might be made; and I 
have in the fequel traced plain veftiges of alum and copperas in a 
kind of Irifli (late found in this coan^ ; and moreover, from fome 
hiDts given in relation to ^t-petre, it (eems to be a matter not o> be 
defpairedof, that both. copperas, alum, and ialt-petre wcirka may 
.foe ereded here. 

- < In the appellationa affixed to the foflils, I have followed Wood- 
lArard, Hill, Wderids» Mendez da Coda, and in fome matters of 
fiid relative to thu branch as well as the vegetables, the celebrated 
LianiBOs, to the united labours of which authors a more clear and 
diftinft account of thefe fubjeds than for ages paft is owing. 

' To my account of the minerals, it feemed proper to fubioin that 
of the waters impregnated with fome of them, concerning which this 
general remark may not be impertinent* viz. that we have every 
ipecies of mineral medicinal waters here that they have in England, 
excepting perhaps that of Bath,' foveral of which might be conveyed 
to diftlnt places » an advantageous article oi cbmmerce, as they 
are in England, being equally efficacious in the cure of difeafos : 
however, as I had already publilhed a Hiftory * of the feveral N&e* 
111 Waters of Ireland in n feparate treatife^ I thought it fufficieat in 
the^ prefent work, to give an account of feveral remarkable ottei 
whicA have occurred to my obfervation iince that publication, die 
real good effis^ of which having obferved for feveral years paft, I 
have embraced this opportunity of preTenting Aem to the Public 

* Next, as to the vcgeubles, a branch of natural hiftory ve!ry littk 
attended to in this country, though I troU its ufefulnefs wiH be 

^ We are nncertath whether or not the Author here alludey to his 
** MediodicalSynopfisof Mineral Waters— of Great Britaio, Ireland, 
Francf) Germanf}', Italy, &c.'* 4to» Sec Rev« voL xvii. p. 97. 

abundantly 



KixttyVNai^el Utft^ry •fiUOmlf •fDuUin. %s 

Mtundandy maiiifeft in. the following workt in the large catalogoe cf 

t^fcmUnt Vegttahles here given, /. r. of fuch as may fupply ford 
Whether to mefi or cattle, divers of which may pefllbly be of £nga« 
Jar ferviceto the, poor as fubftitiites for Jbread u^ times of fcarcity 

-sad impeadinfi: famine. 

• * Khave alM giv^a a Botanic Kalen4ar of ^tbe moft nfcfiil indage- 
nous plants^ exhibitij^g &om obferv^;ion, thetimerof thpir-ftower- 
ing in this coanty throa|boat the year. * 1 have alfo given, .the niB^ 
of feveral of them ip Dying, from the prafUces of .the ancient Iriib* 
as well ai more modern obfervations from faithfbl correfpoi^dentf; 
and moreover I have alfo fubjoined a lift of oor Vegetable Poifons, 

'deeming it* to vbe a matter of no fmall ixnportance among a people 
Uttle acquainted wkh the dangers they are frequently expofed to on 
this account ; and here it feems to be Jbnt doing juftice to the iperit 

"of a certain a'flbciate in theAs ftudies to take this ppportupity of con- 

> gratulating the Public on his behalf, who during a long fefies of 
years has b een pr tp ar i ng and is now oompleaiiiie a oafealo|tte of the 
native Irifh plants, adjufting, their names, to theLinnseai^ ly^em*. 
' * I have diftribated the Birds and Fiihes into claffes according t6 
Willdghby's method, and of the ^rft have added above, thirty, and 
of the fecond twenty^ that are not mentioned in the Hiftories of the 
counties above-named, in treating of which, as well as the beibre- 
laentioned articles of natujral hifti^» I faaive ,always;Jiad ooe thing 

. in view, that is to point out whatever might, be useful jn fgod, or 
fenre as materials foi^ imprpving onr. mani;fa6b^e8» tra^»,,or,c0m' 
jncrce. 

' LatUy, as the nature of the climate is undoubtedly no incpnfi« 

' ^erable nor nfelefs branch of the natural hiftory of any country, which 
th^re is no way poffible of afcertaining but from hiftorxes bf the .ftat« 
of the air and weather for a feries of time in various (eaifont, ^d'l v^fas 

' fbrniibed wsth a^hiftory of the weather krDublin for 5;o years f , I em« 
braced' this oppoctumty of pttblifllingi^lrQmdili|;eni aad.&ithfitl ob* 
fervationsy wh«rein »re freqaeajtly4ntec^pfsrftdcompaiifii«s.tf the Akc 
of the weather in Dublin, and i^at^oli other remota partf of|r^||d» 
England, and fbmetimes of the Bcighjlioi^ring natioas^ with meteoro- 
fogscal and oeconomical obfervations, notnegleOinf fomeiicconntof 
the ftate of the plenty or fcardty of provifions in dilg^rent feafoQs, 
amd a particular hiftory is given of the memorable froft in 1 740, with 

^kr dreadful efie^son men and animals of allkinds^ having been 
snore peniicioos than thofe of many peflilences, aad I traft that frbm 
« ieries of obiiervations during the period al^findy 1 have refuted 
fhe loi^ entertabed vul^ error of thetiii6aence of themooa oa the 
fkatt ofthe weather.* 

From the fbcegoiiig.vicMF of jtbe.marerials^. Which this. wfrk 

' is conxpoje4^ as well a^ fi:oan th^ ptartioilara enumerated in the 
■^nrnfcript of fbe . Mtje-pjige, our Headera ma}r' perceive vrhat 
kind qf ent^rtainn^ent they, will here meet with. They will 

. f I ' ■ i i ■ . J. •■ ■ ■■ ■'' J ^ I. , I ^>i^ 

• * • Dr. Abraham Lionel Jenkins.* 

i* Dr. Rutty hath al(opubli(hed» ip 0ne volomey 8vo. <'*A Chro- 
nological Hiftory Of ih^ Weather and Seafons,^ and of th^ jjjrevailing 
4}ift;ifes in Dublin :" f^eRetieW, 'voLj^lii. p. 346. 

. 03 ijifi* 



86 Mordccai*! Apoh^fir emhradng ChrlJIianitj^ 

infer, too, that they are not to exped» from this performance, 

.that fort of gratification which is peculiarly afforded by /emf- 

fcbape' writing I fuch as, in the mo(t pleafing manner, fervcd, 

to enliven many parts of Mr. Smith's accounts of the tbrn 

€6unties %• Dr. Rutty's ta(k being confined to what ftriSly 

'Conftitutes the fcience of natural hijtory^ his details will feem 

drier to the generality of readers ; but they will be equally ac- 

'ceptable to the phitofophical incujirer, the medical invefligator^ 

the cultivator of hufbandry, and, in brief, to. all who wilh to 

become acq^uainted with the natural produdions, ai^d the pr^* 

fent ftate, of every part qf the Britifli empire. 

X Particularly in his delightful defcript^oa of the Lake of Kilia^- 
pey : fee Rev. vol. xvii, p. 508, 5cc. 



. Art. 11. Tbs Jpokgy of Benjamin Ben Mordeeai to his Friends f9r iw^ 
bracing Chrijiianitj ; in feveral Letters to Elifha Levi, Mcrchast^ 
of Amfteidam. Letters IL 111. and IV. 4?o, 6 ». Wilkic. 
1773- 

WE have formerly ^ bad an opportunity of paying our 
refpcSs to this acute and fenfiblc Writer : it is wit^ 
pleafure we renew our acquaintance with him, on this occafion, 
^nd, without any farther ceremony, we (ball endeavour to lay 
before our Readers a fumm^ry account of th^ three letters cop- 
stained in this volume. 

, The deftgn of the firft letter (which is the fcicood in th^ or- 
der pf publication) is to examine into the pirfm and char€iGtr 
. of Chrift,.axid to fliew, whether he anfwers to the defcription 
: of the Mijjiahxvi the fcripture prophecies. In order to pave the 
. way fo^ this, enquiry, our Author takes notice of the various 
appearances of Jehovah under the ancient difpenfations of reli- 
gion, and endeavours to afcertain the rank and c|iar^£^er of 
\ that Being, to whom thfs title and ofiicc belonged. Tbefc 
' appearances, he obfervcs, are recorded as hifiorical fads ; apd, 
as the SuPRBME God himfelf never appeared to men, eitbcr in 
. perfon or by any vifible fycnbol, it is a matter of great ioipoit- 
. ance to determine, who the other Being is that is fo frequently 
honoured with the appellation Jihcvah: ^\s Being, he ^ppK- 
: hends, is the fame that in other places, and on other occafion^, 
is called the Angel of %h§vah : ♦* And the reafon he is call^ 
by the fame name is thas well explained by R. Jefue F. Sebti^ 
according to the common maxim not only in ufe among the 
Hebrews, but allowed of by the general cuftom of the world ; 
Lcqmtia; Ltjgatui firmoji^ nfittentis ium** 

^^ '' : "-"■ — • = • JT 

♦ See Review b\ i!<Qeb^ 177a, 



MoritcsLps Apology forendracing. Cbriftianity* 87 

The propriety of this appellation is farther evinced by a re- 
lation of feveral of his appearances recorded in the books of 
Mofes ; and by a particular accourit of the manner in which 
'jjt was originally conrferred» froqiExodus xxxiii. From tnapy 
paflages chat are here icolleded, pur Author infers * that the 
*^facred writings attrrbifte to the angel, who ads in the name and 
authority and moral o^^x^&tt of &od, the name Jehovah : and 
there could be no miiiake, iq this particular, anhong our fore^ 
' fathers, as if this angel was the Supreme God ; becaufe we fiiid 
by the hiilory, that he never aded in his own name, or by his 
own authority, but mt^rely z% the ^ngel of God/ He then 
ihews t^e abfurdity and confufion that muft attend the notion 
(which many Chrlftian writers have adopted) of the appearance 
*pf fhe Supreme and I nvifible Jehovah himfelf. 

Having fettled tfaefe prelimifiaries, our Apologift proceeds to 
' <)^quire^ Whether the Jcwifli and Chriftian revelations were car- 
ried on bv the vj^/r TfA^tfA ; i.e. ^^^Logos^ or Word of God, 
as he is ftiled both by Phih^ and the 5poftles of Chrift. And 
.he apprehends, that under the charader of * a divine fubftitute 
of the Father, he gave the law' of reafon to Adam ; the^Jewi/h 
law to that peopU ; and to all the world the Chriftian law, or 
"will of God/ The arguments here alledged in proof of this 
"propofition ^re deduced from the nature and confiilency of the 
thing, from the words of fcripture, and from th^ interpretations 
pf fcripture given us both by the Jews and Chriftiar^s. 

The two iirft of thefe arguments are very ably dtfcufled in 
the fequel of this letter. From the fcripture evidence on this 
head our ^uthor draws thefe two conclufions : ^ Firft, that 
^efus and his difciples knew him to be the AngeUyehavah \ and 
revealed it fufficiently to all fuch as would examine, and honeftly 
attend to what they fajd upon the fuHjed ; and to thofe who • 
would not, the things which pertained to their peace were 
hidden from their eyes. Secondly, it appears, that Almighty 
God has from the beginning carried on the government of the 
world, by the miniftration of one and the iame perfon : who 
hath appeared under different appellations, according to the dif- 
ferent (fifpenfations in which he was employed, and the different 
charaders he bore. And this is the fame Perfon, who chofe 
• yudah for his inheritance j and hath from the days of Abraham 
bee|i more particularly engaged, by Himfelf or his angels, in 
fjlt care and prote^on of our natipn ; and even in the latter 
days will continue to be fo, till he hath performed the promife, 
fhat in AbrahanCsfeed (hall all the families of the earth be bleffed : 
and the completion of this prophecy conftitutes the Chriflian 
feligion.' 

G -: Hi 



4S MordectiV Jpdogf fir tmbrmfq Gimftiam^. 

Hfl dien dofiss tbis/econd letter with five rttk%.«hidi dired 

lis when to apply the word God or Jehovah in the Old Teftamad 

to the Jehovab'Artgdj or Jngd of the CovHumU - 

In a Poftfcript our Author examine and anfwers the objec« . 

. tioos brought by the learned Grotius agaioft the opinion, whldi 
is here maintained, and* which afcrihes the delivery of the law» 
to the Logty or Wor/L , . 

In the /AiV^ letter, our Authoi: applieihis exteofive leamii^ 
tA the illuftration and proof of this propodtipDj viz. * that 
the Log^s was the Jngd of the Cowmtnt^ or vifible Jghavab^* 

.And he has produced many paflages from the oioft approved 
commentators, both Jewijb and Q)r\flian \ from the Chriftian 

. Fathers, and from modern expofitors and divines, in fiiQtport 
of the fame x>pimen. He then proceeds to vindicate the wor- 

JQiip of Chrtft, tmder this charaftrr,.frQm the charge of klola* 
trv, by (hewing, that it is of the ^me kind with the worihip 
of the %iaiM&*Anfi;el. * We^ fays be (perfonating a Jmj 
* as wdl as the Mticmetans^ have been too hafty in accufiog the 
Chrifiian religion as idoktrous, and chai^jqg the Cbri/Ums 19 
general with idolatry, becaufe they worihip Cbri^ .* as if the 

. worihip paid to the Angel of God^ or the Angel of the Ccmiment^ 
was the worihip of another Ood. I allow, that^ if they fiup- 

. pofed the Angel of the Covgnant to be the Supreme God and Go^ 

. vernor of the univerie, and equal xo Jehovah^ in whofe name he 
a^s, and whofe minifter he is \ and worihipped him ultimately, 

. as God of the univerfe \ this would be idolatry, in the firid 
and proper fenfe of the word : but this is only the opinioa of 
the PJtuionAthanafians : and lofes ground daily among men of 
fenfe ; being neither founded on ^ripture nor reafon, nor one 
fingle authority from the Fathers of the three fiift centuries. 
Non elms Deot introduxh Cmkistvs^ qma non duos equates, nem 
PARES, ^equatkne in utroqtu ojienjoy pofuit. Id enim fi fi^Uff^y 
meriio dnorum Deorum controverjiam Jufciti^et 5 fays Novatian^ 
cap. xxxi* And it appears, that the worihip of ChrJ/i is oJF 
the fame nature, with that which was paid by the Patrtarcb^ 

~ to the iame perfon ; i. e» the vifible Angel who appeared to 
them. And Ahrahamj whrn he built an altar to JebnHib that 
appeared to him in the plains of ^cr/^.(Gen. xii. 7.) and 
Jacoby when he was commanded to build an altar to Jehswiy 
thatappearjd to him when he fled from Efau {t^xum. i.) could 
have no notion that he was the Supreme God \ (ox th^y knevr 
him to be the Angd and Minijier of the Supreme God, as I have 
already ihewo : and, therefore, if thefe altars were built tor 
worjbipy and not merely for memorials i the worihip, .paid ibe 
Angel of the Covenant at tbe/ey as well as at other times, was the 
fame with that of the Cbiiftians at prefent : that is^ it was me- 

dsat; 



. s 



jdiate.fmd fubonKnate^ «nd ultimaldy 4icoSed.«> tlie^i^oryof 

the F^bir'i ^ 

He farther obviates tlie ob^edlon of poly tbeifm zm idolatiy 

'b^ many very appoGte quotations from the writtags of the jprj- 
mitivc CbrijKiaos ; fuch as Jnjlin Mart^r^ OrigenpCjPriany JSSf^ 

fsUtus^ Sufiiiusp TirtMan^ LaSanttus^ .^d BifiL < Tl^e 
apoftolic confiitutions (be obferves) reprefpnt it as a' branch of 

,titciGn^u herefy^ to affirm, thztj^us is the^Sufrinu Clover 

. all r maicuig bimfelf) confequently> to be, bis 6wn Father* 
< It is very remarkable {be (ays) that the tit)e of the Wjr 

./rv^God^ which Q?ri/l has ap]^rc|>riated tq tbe/^i6#r (JfoKn 

.xvii^ '3,) is liever given to Ciri/lj eiven 1^ the P^Jl^NiottiFi^ 
t^s.: and the rcafon i^ems to be, that their underftandxi^ 
revolted at fo ftfong and unMrranted an expreffioa; which jx- 

. cals to my mind,^ how cur di(jpute ended with the Popifh priefis 
at Aiar/iim, by ih^ imprudent behaviour of our friend AiaUd. 
Fpr they no ^Toon^r memtioned AAtry^ the Mother of Gadi but 
)ie rofe up in a great hpat» fweaiin^ by MabmeU that God was 
neitbik born not j^edt and bad ntithtt Jon xkoa^dangbur: and 
|hat au fuch as, pretended Xoptoii their Uod were more impu"* 
dent f onjurers than Jarnns- ^nd Jambrts^ who oppofed Mofum 
I mention rhl8> for the fake of pbferving, diat, as the Fathers 

. feared to call Cbrift by the name of the only true G^: - fo the 

^frotefianUt pitn thofe who call themfelves jlibanq/uau\ are 

* afraid to call the Mother of Jifus Cf^riJ^ the Mother of God: 
Yfhich planefy proves, that auAicfa ^s refufe thefe titles to St. 
J^ry and to Cbrijl out of confcience, bave two difierent ioniea 
to the ward God^ whatever they pretend tq. the contrary. One^ 
ivhen they fpeak of the invifible JAevab \ and another^ when 
they {jpeak oi Chrift: otherwife they could not rcfufe to call 
Mary the Mother of Gody arid Cbrift the orily true G^: for ^y 

. all the logic in the world, if (be be the Mother of Chr^^ and 
Chrift ht Gody ibe is the Mother of Gody in the iame fenfe^ ia 
^hich he is called God; and if he be the only tXMtQpd^ then 
^e is the Motbir of the only true God? . 

OurAuthor very properly fpeeifies, in feveral particulars, the 
difference between the terms Ely Elohim, Adonaiznijebovab: 
and obferves ihat the Iat$e<r is never given to any» i>ut ,to the 
Selfexiftent and Supreme God of hb Jingeli and jEhould thece* 

. fore never tse trauflated into any other language* Toward the 
i:Iofe of this letter he refumes f he charge of idolatry, and ob* 
via^es it by enquiring what worfhip is paid to Chrifty and^what 
is the ^recife meaning of idolatrv : and he concludes, that ^ the 
ivoribip of Chriji is free from all thofe offenfive circMmflances, 
svhicb render i^i^Az/ry difpleafioff to Gody and therefore ^oMght 
not to be called by that name. After all, it is candidly ac- 

, '|c|ipwledeed, th^t i{i ih^ whole Ntw Tf/lamcnf we have no dired 

and 



9d Mordecai*! ^pobgyfnr mhracwg C^rfltmdif. 

and pofitive'coinipand to pray to Cbrijl; and that it is mo(l 

5 roper tp dire^ qur prayers to the SuprtrntGod bimfelf, through 
^efus Chri/f^ as the mediator hetwein God and man \ this Self* 

• exiftent and Eternal Being having an immutable claim to our 
'worfliip, even beyond the tf^^. of ih^Me^tab^ when his king- 
dom (hall be deKvered up to xht Futhn.' Our Lord himfcU^ 
moreover, hath thus diret^ed us to'pray. 

' ' In a Pofifcript tqt this letter our Author intimates, that Dr. 
$birlociy Dr. Southi ^nd other Writers, virhom he calls ^< the 
PhMopbical ChriJUnns^** whilft they have afferted tha^ Chrift ia 

• the Supreme God^ or a meer num^ have been uadcr a neceffity of 
denying the moft eflential articles of Cbrijiianitxi fuch as hit 
defcent from heaven ; his humiliation \ his fufferings and death ; 
and concludes with an apology for entering fo far into this ar- 
gument, which he would not -have done, ^ h^ it not been 
(fays he) abfolutely ncceffary to clear my fubjefbfrom the ob- 
jeftions a priori^ which, arife from the Homooujian dodrine, be- 
fore 1 undertook to lay before you the evidence upon which I 
embrace Chriftianity ; for, if Chrift be the Supremi God, as 
fome divines fuppofe ; it is imp&fBble to ftir a ungle ftep for- 

• ward in proof of^ his defcettt from Heaven, hi^ comepticn^ his bu- 
miliationy his fufferings and deatb : all thefe thitTgs are declared of 
him in the Ntw Tefament \ and foretold Of him, in the Old: 
and all of them are abfolutely impoffibl^ to have been under* 
gone by a Being, that is infinlu^ unchangeable^ and impajfabitm 
And, therefore; inftead of atten^pting to explane the Chrijlian 
fyftcm by the philofophy of thefe divines, I (hall entirely neg- 
leA them : and truft (as the Arian and Scrtfturarian heretics 
are accufed of haying done) to the fcriptures only : following 
the rule of ////br; entirely — Non cr^difut PHitoSoPHis ; ^r- 

ditur PISCAT0RIBU$/ 

The defign of the fourtb and laji letter in ^his colIeAion is 
to prove that T^j was the J^jpah \ in which the Author baa 
acquitted himlelf as a verv learned and able apologift for Cbrif- 
tianity. * 

After fome previous remarks on the predi^ions relating to 
the Meffiah, tending particularly to vindicate the authority of 
Daniel J and to elucidate ^he very remarkable prophecies con- 
tained in his writings ; and on the general expeaation which 
yewijb and Heathen writers feemed to entertain cor^cerning his 
advent i accompanied with a critical enquiry into the fource of 
their intelligence ;^he proceeds to examine the correfpondence 
between the hiftory of Cbri^ in the NewTeftament^ and the pro- 
phecies of the MeJJiab in the Old Teftament^ by four criteria ; 
* viz. his tineage \ the place of his birth \ the {ime Of bis advittt ; 
^d his aaittth} 



Mordecari Apology for embracing Chrtflianiiyi if 

To his vindication of the prophecy of DanieU our Autfaof 
lias fubjoined fev^ral oVferyations on rtoitfSpx ^chaolis'shtt* 
tcr to Sir John -Pringle on the I^XX Weekj of Daniel, not 
long ftnce pubD|hcd *i aj)4 they are well worthy the attention 
pf that excellent criuc We are forry our limits will not al- 
low us to give niore copious extrads from this very valuable 
performance. Thofe who are employed in biblical enquiries 
will . perufb thefe letters with pleafure and advantage. Ouir 
Readers, however, will indulge us with one extrad more^ 
M^hich is part of the Author's ^drefs .to tbof^ fqr whofe beiiefic 
thefe letters are iqore joiQiediatelv intended. 

* Give me )egve, my dear friend, to expoftulate with you, 
jind lay my whole heart before you on this moft interefting of 

all fubie63tp : and honeftly copfels, thdX I have been long {iffeded 
V^ith (the) heavy charge, with which I have been fq often 
prefled by the Chriftians^ and greatly alarmed \ becaufe it ap« 
pears upon examination to be fa£l, and accounts for fuqh zmzr 
^ing di$cu)ties as, upon any othef pripciple, are infuperable. 

* The MiJJiab^ fay they, has already been manifefted to you^ 
Ration : and became the fon of man, by bejng t^orn of the fa- 
mily of David: he came unto you, his own peculiar p^opl^; 
9nd you receiyAl him not, but hid your faces from him ; and 
^* denied the l^oly one and the juft, and defired a murderer to 
|)e granted unto you ; and killed the Prince of Life '** and fof 
this fin your nation h^^s been fq long cut off from all the pe- 
culiar Ueffings which it fp )ong enjoyed under the Lord Jebo-' 
yah : and you are difperfed abroad, and become an aftoni(hm6nt, 
a proverb, and a bye-word, nmong a]l nations ; as your pro- 
phets foretold : nor will you ever be reinftated in his favour, 

*fill you acknowledge him to be your Lord and King; and fub- 
^it yourfelves to his government over you. 

* ElifiaLivi^ Ipok back upon the days of old ; and the mer- 
^xt^ vouchfafed to ouc fathers, by the hand of this Jehyvah' 
jtHgel: hpw often h^ declared his love and tender compaffion 
(o his peculiar people ; yea, apd his unchangeable determina- 
tion, that he WQulp never forget them ! ** Can a woman, fays 
iie, forget l^er fucking child ; that fl^e (hou)^ not have compaf- 
iion on the fon of her womb ? Yea, flic may forget ; yet will 

. ^ot I forget thee, ^ehold, I have graven thee upon the palms 
pf my h^nds} thy walls are continually before me." And, 
even whe{^ it was neceflfary to punilh us ; with what love and 
tendernefs (foes he compaflionate our fufferings ! <' How (hall 
i give thee up, Epbraim! how (hall I deliver thee, Ifratll 
bow (bain make thee like Admah! how (hall I fet thee as Z^- 
hciml My bea^t is turned within me, my repentings are kindled 

f 

* §c^ Review for Oftobcr 1773, p. 263. 

tpgether,*^ 



^ ^orclccai'j Apohgjffor mtraclHg Chrlflimiif. 

^wether.'' — And is it poffible, dut fo tnucb relu^ance to rpv* 
^iDiy and (b.itiucfa tendetn^fs, as is every where e^prefled 
thrbugh the facred volume towards oar once happy natioci, 
Ihouid oh a fudden, and forivo apparent caufe^ entirely dcfert 
«s ? and we ihould be thus caft off fromrbis favour, as wenow 
;yre, and Tubje^d to fuch unfpeaka^le ruin, as hath befallen 
ih^ whole iiati6n» from the days of Ve^afian and Ttius ? fuch 
p% never any other nation under the nin has undergone : and 
fiiSered, in our fieges and battles, by feditions, and faoiinest 
wd peftilence, and captivity, and mafiacres, and diiperflonf 
Is it poffible, thaf all oUr hopes m his indulgent care and love 
fiiould thus at once be blafled, for no caufer and all his pro* 
'znifcs to our fathers fail us; and' the bright and glorious pro- 
pped, the birthright of our nation, that in the feed of Jbra'^ 
ham all the families of the earth (hould be bielTdd, thus end in 
eternal darknefs and oblivion ? Surely, if fome amazing aft of 
wickcdnefs has not been perpetrated by our whle nation beyond 
what other nations have committed ; our prefent ftate and con- 
dition, for fo many ages, is unaccountable ; and our iciipctxr^ 
incredible. And, what is the mod melancholy of all reflec- 
tions, as we are ignorant of the caufe of thefe ^mifiions, fo W9 
See no end of them j nor iny means how to avert them. 

^ In this dejeded and forlot-n ftate, fifted into all nacioos 
.and become the fcorn* of all mankind, there yet remains ^m 
Tiope, and but one, that can fupport and relieve us; and this 
we have been blindly endeavouring, for many ages, to invalid 
'^te and overturn : I mean, the Authenticity ai^d truxh of the 
Xhrt/lign fcriptures. If Jefus is indeed the vlJibUJibevah^ ai|4 
^Mgil of the Covenant^ whom our fathers have fiain \, we want lio 
farther explanation, how we have offended hitti ; or in what 
manner we may expe£l deliverance from our evils. For he, 
wbofe ntercy and loving kindnefs hath fo often pardoned the 
'fins of our fathers ; delivering them from the diftrefles, with 
which be vifited and chaftifed them ', who coqld pray for bis 
enemies, in the mtdft of his fufierings, apologizing for their 
wilful ignorance; and ufe that power, which he gained by 
his patient refignation under afl|i£tions, for the falvation oif 
thofe by whom be was diftreiTed and flain : he will without 
doubt return to us alfo^ in mercy and Iqving-kindnefs, and will 
favi ttr, according to his promise, even in the latter dap; if we 
turn to him with forrow and repentance, as to fhe' Angel of 
the Covenant whom We delight in ; and be obedient to bis voice. 
For that fuch a time will come, when we. (ha^ll be again re* 
ceived into his favour, we are well afTure^ bpth by the prophe- 
cies of Jews and Chrijiians.* 

' The three laft letters are adv^rdfed to if publlfhed with ^ 
convenient fpeedf 



C 91 T 

State Fap«r4 ;, coofiftine of Royal Inftruatoas^ DircdioDs, Di^ 
patdieSy.aBd tetten* To which axe added, fome biAor^qil TraOa* 
The Whole iUuftrating and opening the political Syftem of chp» 
chief Governors and Government oflrdand* daring the Reigns oC 
Queen Elizabeth, James the Firft, and Charles the Pirft. Svq^ 
2^ois. 12 s. boond, ^Ddblin printed, 1772 ; and (old by Ro- 
' binAn, kc. in London* 

« QTATE-PAPERS,* fayi a late Hiftorian f, who was mora 

r) converlant with memoriala of that (brt, than "any othw 

wnter of this country, * are the very chart and cooapafr oC 

* hiftory. While we fail by their direclion^ we fail witli cer- 

< tatnty, as well as fafetv ; and when thofe lights fail us^ we 
^ are forcedy in a great degree, to grope and gue& our way, 

< and to content ourfelves with probability only«'— 'This is un« 
doubtedly true ; and yet, as the fame author hath farther oil* 
ferved, ^ the bulk of readers, in all ages, reqiure no more than 

< a fniootb, even, flowerjr tale % and are never snore difgufied 
^ than when their courfe is interrupted by a labyrinth of thwart- 
^ ing fa£}s and arguments, which it equally puzzles them eithei: 

< to inveftigate or pafs over/— Men, however, who have expe- 
rience of the world, and who do not chufe to become ^e 
dupes of credulity, have a different way of thinking, and Jove 
to tread on furer ground. With them decidmatioH.zad nprejlm* 
tati$ny will pafs for no more than they are intrinfically worth i 
and a few important fafis, well a(certained and eftabli(hi^, 
will outweigh all the ftu writing that ever dazzled the eye, qr 
delighted the imagination, of fuperficial readers. 

With -refpe£l to the papers before us, although .the Editor 
hath not thought it proper to eive us the latisfadiion of know- 
ing to whom we are obliged tor their publication, or even ta 
inform us from what repofitory of records, or literary flore- 
houfe, thefe materials * have been drawn, we, neverthelefs^ 
entertain veiy little doubt of their authenticity. 

As to the imp^anci of the fevend papers inferted in this col« 
leAion, which, in the title, is ftiled fitt^^ we think therpis 
great inequality among them, in this refped. Some of then 
mre, undoubtedly, curious and valuable; while others will, by 
moft readers, be regarded as frivolous. Several of the princi* 
pal trafis are written by perfons of the Roman Catholic party ; 
ox by moderate men, fuch as the j>oet defcribes^ 
Papift or Pioteflantt or both between, 
. Like good Erafmus, in an honed mean. 

+ Ralph. 

• • Faithfdhptfanicribed flfbui their §rigituds, 6t authentic copibs/ 
h the whole 01 the Editor's declaration, on thu head. 

The 



^4 DefiiUrats Cwr^fg fSbimica. 

The papers here alluded to, will afford confiderable infer* 
toatioh to thole who have onlj been conveHant with the Prou. 
teftant writers on the affairs of Ireland ; and all men, we know, 
will lie for their party. Here, then, the impartial byeftander 
will, in feme meafure, be enabled to judge of the merits of 
either fide, and to ftrike the balance between truth and falfe- 
hood, in this account of religious and political claims and en- 
croachments, bigotry and craft, Aibterfuge and violence. In 
a word, we,, in this heretical country, luiow fo little of the 
Catholic fide of the queftion, in regard to the troubles of Ire-» 
land, during the period to which thefe volumes relate, that any 
authentic accounts; from that quarter^ muft, we prefume, be 
acceptable to the curious inquirer. 

* The principal papers in this CoHcAioh api^ai- to be xht foU 
lowing : 
I. Royal InftruSions, Difpatches, &c. to the Lords' deputies 

of Ireland, &c. in the reigu of Elizabeth. 
IL * A brief Declaration of the Government of Ireland, open-*; 
ing many Corruptjons in the fame, &c. wrote in the Go^ 
vernment of Sir William Fitzwilliams, who was Lord De-, 
puty from 1588 to 1594/ In this ample detail of grievances^ 
are many curious particulars relating to the celebrated Tyrone, 
through which great light is thrown upon the Earl's cnarac- 
ter and conduA, with refped to the famous rebellion, in 
which he made fo diftinguiflied a figure. 

III. • A Chronicle of Lord Chichefter's Government of Ireland^ 
colleftcd and gathered by William Farmer, Chirurgion.* 

IV. A Difcourfe of the prefent State of Ireland, 1614. 

V. Seventeen Letters from James I. and the Council of Eng-*' 
land, to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland* 

The above, with a variety of other articles, including a cu- 
rious aecohnt of the parliamentary diffentions in Ireland, in 
16x4, txt to be found in the firft volume of this coUedion. Id 
the fecond volume we have, 

I. Inftrudions, Remonftrances, Apologies, &c. &c. relating 
to the Difcontents and Difturbances in Ireland, from 1615 
to 1641. 

II. ^ A Letter from a Proteflant in Ireland, to a Member of 
the Houfe of Commons In England, 1643/ This is a very 
feniible paper, written with great candour, and, as* far as wc 
can judge, at this diftance of time, with an intention per« 
fedly honeft, conciliatory, and patriotic. 

UL Fragmentum HiJImcum : or, the Second and Third Bohks 
of the War in Ireland 3 containing the TranfaAions in that 
Kingdom, from 1642 10x647. By Richard Beltings, £(q} 
Secretary to the Supreme Council of the Confederate Catho* 
lies. Faithfully tranfcribed from the Original, in the PoT* 

feffion 



Cbn/idgrsftiau fin r^mrmg a Suhfcripikn t§ Articln^ Faith » ^ J < 

ftffibnxif John Cwrreyi M.D/^ — Tbw aboonds ^ith matted 
of information rebttng to xbe views and. proceedings of that 
par^ with which the writer (admitting .the^ aotbcmicity of 
the trail) was fo deeply engaged. , 

IV. A Journal of the moft memorable TrahfiiAbns of General 
Owin ONitUst and bis party^ from, 164 1 to 1 650, Fai^hfuily 
related by GoL Henry M'TuUy.O Nidl», who ferved un» 
der bind. The inforoiatUm contained in this paper will alfo: 
gratify the coriofity of tfaofe who wtih to be made acquainted 
with the moft material particulars of the Irifli hiftory^ during, 
the unhappy period here referred to. 

The volume clofes with a furyry of the half barpny of Rath-, 
down, in the county of Dublin 1 by order* of Charles Fleet* 
wood. Lord Deputy — it^ T>c importance of this paper 
muft, we fuppofe, be merely local. 

The obvious tendency of this puUitatiOif, is to foftesn the 
prejudices of the Proteftan^ againft the Roman Catholics of 
Ireland; but the moft complete vindication of the latter with 
refped to the horrid fiory of the Majficri^ in 1641, is to be 
found in Brooke's Trial •/ the Roman Gathplia : fee Review, 
Yol. xxvii. p. 508. 

• This Joaroal is faid to have been fcnt, by way of letter, to 
Col. Charles Kelly, of Agharahan. 

' in ' I ■ 

Art. IV. Cwfiderationr en the Propriety of requiring a Snhfcriftion ft 
Articles 0/ Faith. 8vo. i s. Cadell, &c. 1 774. 

TH E Public, we are tdd, is indebted for thefe Confidera- 
tions to a very worthy Prelate, of diftinguifliqd abilities 1 
and every impartial reader, will, we doubt not, after an atten- 
tive peruiial of them, readily acknowledge that they do his 
Lordmip credit. It is matter of great fatisfa^iion to us, and 
wiU give pleafure, we hope, to every fiqcere Protefiant, to fee 
a peifon of bisXordihip's character appear publicly in defence 
of religious liberty, apd fupport the glorioua caufe with fo much, 
ability, at a time when moft of his brethren on the bench (hew 
(6 great an indifference (to fpeak in the ibfceft terms) toward 
every fcheme for promoting a f;arther reformation of our cede-, 
fiafiical conftitution. If their Lordihips ferioufly confider, and 
rcflcdl upon their late conduct, both with regard to the Peti- 
tioning Clergy and the Difienters, they cannot poffibly think, , 
one fl^uld imagine, that the part they have afled does them ho- 
nour, in the opinion of any judicious, unprejudiced perfon^ 
Oreat allowances are undoubtedly to be made for the prejudices 
of their education, their political views and connexions, the 
difficulties attending every fcheme of reformation, &c. It i9 

impoiSble, 

S 



impoffible) kawilPUy bf tbeuta^&fticlchofoMMkiiiraBdcfai* 
rky» toflcconaifiir dinrcoDdo&upte aof principles dnt are 
coo^ftetK #bk tlwir bsnng a fiiprwic and pievaiiilhg regud to 
the lionour of Chriftianity and tkc intcrefta of trath. This 
'Witty ^ ^h«ibt» belaaked iipoii» Iqp a cenam daft oC moR» as: 
TC17 iffjuriova to tkair Loctfiipsr cbanAersf we are aeitber 
afraid iton^kamed) bowtvcr^ of declariag^ oar fimtiaaeata pub- 
licly on this htady ^mf6% the wtawft fwaJeui , aa we isaow that 
■MUiy of tile w i fcft and beft^mcnchat this or any other coim*«r 
tff em boaft ctf «n^ the fimt opiRtoa ; and wemay.veirtitre 
to chaHenge, nay we do dnAeage^ file boldeft and wanaeft 
of their fc<»orawy» fia §mm fHnt confifteocy of tbeia condua 
with what onght to bo tho dsflxnguifbin^ chawaer of eireiyi 
truly Piotflftant >M h ap f*-*We now proceed .^ the werii be£MO 

ttS. 

It is fAtfodneed !n die MIowing manner:-^ On a calm, 
and^ as I tniftv impardst ?iew of the Contreverfy- aboot Sobf 
feriptions, which has MifiAed fo iMg^ and been fapporeed witb 
lb much seat; it appeared to me di^ lateral abie.wriicrs, wko 
had ^gaged in thte oanib^ intt eten yet hfirdty got in fight 
of the main Queflion, concerning the true- giDuoda of civd 
and ecclefiaftical Polity ; and that a fiew paruculars inquired 
tfitl fkrthef expT^uiatioft^' in order to let die whole in a prt^ec 
light. 

^ And ^though f am tery fenfible that what is hoe ofibred, 
living moft'of them been dmwn up fooie time a|po^ maft in a 
great mcafure be fuperteded by fcveral late pnUications ; yet 
confidering the fmalt tStSt thefe appear to have produced* I 
was tempted to imagine that it might not prove akogetBer ula-' 
lefs^ or out of feafon, to enforce them ; by reviving Ibme of 
thofe original maxhns which ought to dir?<ft all fuch enmiiriess 
but which in my apprefaenfion have long beeni and areflill eitlier 
too little underftood, or too much difrep;arded. 

* I have no defign of entering into the fubjcA matter <tf ovrf 
Articles; but only beg leave to propofe fome general Obferva^' 
tions, concerning the rife and prc^refs of a cuftom, which 
ijeems to phice certain explicatrohs of Aippofed Scripture Doc*' 
trines on the Ikme foot with the Scripture themfelves ;— to en*' 
quire how far this ^a£Hce mav be juft and expedient in die 
pre(ent dmes, or in itfelf de&nnble at any time ;-**to fernpoD 
what principles it is founded f-^what pleas are offered to fup 
port it ;«— and laftfy* point out fome oP its eflftds/ 

' His Lordlhip's obfervations on thefe feveral points are yaH^ 
cious, liberal, and mafily ; the following extraA may fave u 
a fpecimcn : 

* We are wilting to allow thofe who have the misfortune of 
diilenting from us, to think freely for themfelves ^and difown 

the 



1^ leaft inteatioa to dqxfive tbem of this freedom : my, rtlher 
reem ta extol that clemeiicy,' which ceafes to puih ona^rtgo* 
roQs cxeciuion of the feweieflaettie^ made agaioft diem in tbe 
days of our fathera, faying, if wc had lived in cfaofe days, we » 
would not have carried matters with fo high ahaiid': yet, aha f > 
do not. even. f(xr fon^dmcs betray an- ioolinadon to keep.fuch 
inhuman \%mh ftill banging over their 'heada* and therabv hold • 
the uohapp]^ (ubji:^ of tiMm always attour mercy F^^This majr • 
appear to tome a more decent and refined piooe of political m\l^ • , 
dom^ which anfwers all endt more e&£luaUyt than imher eoen« j 
tenancing or complying with any attempt to. enforce fuch Aa« 
tutes by a too odiotis and invidk>u$ profecutton. . Whereas, in 
truth, thefe fame penal laws, while they 6tb&ft, give io great 
encouc^ement to informeiii, that it is often -out of ouv power 
to prevent the execution of them, were we never fo well dif« 
pofed to do it : and it may at length perhaps merit our confide* 
ratio0, whether a» abfolu&e denial of relief to thefe our Pro- 
teftant brethren, x>n4heir repealed fit^€Mti$ns (who heft btnv • 
their nvnfon^ andthiir %vm griff) aimfi not prove an ill return 
f6r all the labours which many of theoi have fuccefsfullv.be- . 
flowed upon the common caufe of Cbrifiianity and Protectant- 
ifm ; labours, which if we were as te^y to reward, as we are > 
to adopt, would have procured them a different treatment from 
that of being expofed to confifcationa, and imprifonment. 

* We are told indeed, that it is fometimes better and fafer : 
to let a law drop by difufe, than to aboliih it by a formal jre*/ 
peaL But no example of this is given ; and it b fo far ifrom 
being the general fenfe of our Legislature, that hardly a fcffion . 
ii fuSered to pafs without expunging from the flatuce books 
feme or other of thefe antiquatjtd ardinanas, 

* With refpeft to an entire, complete To! oration, the matr 
ter of fa& feems to be no other than this : la countries where - 
moft liberty is allowed^ we find the rooft knowledge of Chrif- 
tianity ; and by cnnfequence, moft room to expe^ the pureft 
profeffion of it. To what elfe can be afcribed t'be maniftft fu- 
periorlty, which we juftiy boaft over our Popifii neighbojurs i 
And (bould not we, on any otbojr-occa&An in the world, think 
of extending an expedient, which, fo far as it has hitherto 
been tried, ever has fucceeded fo well and happily i We are 
fometimes indeed terrified with the mifchievoas conHrquences 
that might arifej if people were fuffercd to declare their own [ 
reli^ns, without fubfcribing to what we plcafe to call the . 
Fondafnentars of Chrifiianrtyt and yet what mifchtrfs.have ■ 
arifen from permrtting the^^u;i to exercif(i t^dr religion, .wtth-> 
out any futh fubfcrlpUoii * ? 

• ^ I remember, indeed, a fhort theological dii^otc was once at- 
tempted to be raifed againtt atf vrtf/rx/ af them, from that ingeniotts 
Jlav. teb, 1774. H topic 



* But hoiw agree^k &»«• faeii % T<Jef jftkni mj appeir tt> 
all (band poUcf, at weU as t» cfae firft fMinci^ of our bene- 
vokncrdipoft; it ia mttck to be <toubt^; nHidlier a cbofi- 
deabia m^flrity amoDgft fu do not Aiti c6n(inue tenaditnis of 
qbitt diftrest auanms ; nor ia it fefr doiibcftil, to ^bat caufes 
tUs «iajr be moft jnftly attriboved ; #ll«tltfr tb any fitch appre- 
henfion, as that aboie-aMtidoiiid ; or t5 (bme fecret lOve offpi. 
rttiud domiMtion, which ftiil holdi poflMton of their hearts ; 
and which ia ever prefpaliBg itfidf, umter a v*rtefy of fcccioas 
tkka and appearances: thoogh.tt be hardly now admitted as 

A POWEA TO ROLI. T«£ COHSCISNC^S OP M]f ^ ; in t^bich 

vcry^brm this faErouritft dofltine was long tacked, and auk- 
waidly enough, to the Bible itfelf, and k<*eps 'tis pfaee there 
in feverai editioiiat^ yet it cames in fbr itflf chlim of fiAmiJlSmu 
as including feoie kiad eSmrshi jkrifiUmmy feme braiich of a 
certain p9UMr of thi kip^^^^ in MUamty tf order^ Set. &c 
whatever ouy be comtirekended under ftch more blaiifihle 
tcma. But how fond roe?er fome Gtergymen may be of Cle- 
rical Authority, the hsft of their predecdlbrs, the Apoftlcs, 
appealed to ha»« Aaall concern about it. When a trarm con- 
tK>verfy arofc in the church of Rome, concerning t diftindion 
of days, and meats^ and drinks; of equal importance ^*th 
many, that have fabfifted fince ; wo do not find St. Paol, with 
the officioufnefc of later cboreh governors, proceeding to frame 
an Artic^ upon thn qoeftion j bdt on the contrary, leaving 
eaeh perfon to the perfiiofim $/ bm (mm mhidi and i4itbcr tie- 
creeing nor recommending any other praaice or profeffion re- 
lative to it, befide that of charity and mutual forbearance t. 

i ^i^'V?.^"* 5^ "^^ purpofes has the dommiffion, 
which Chnft IS fuppofcd to have given St. Peter* been in 
other hands! And yet Peter bimfelf never once appealed to it 
nor claimed any kind of pre-eminence from it. Nay, it n 
fomewhat remarlable that Mark, who is- fairf to have written 
under Peter's own infpedion, has omitted the very mention of 
this commiffioD, though he has pteferved the hi^ry which led 
td it I : fo litde anxious was the Apoftic, to difplay iny foch 
token of fuperbrity ! And how much gn»ter reaftm have we 

' ' ■ - • 

topic the greatdaager of ^#4tf/iiy./^,^^^ It wa*fiHklbuted k a 
faall performance, iaid to be doae by one of the Coonioa Coand} 
of London ; wluch probably gave the pngiaal cue to fome polbliff. 
of greater eminence, fbr founding an alaim* This^ ptete mswMe 
with much appearance of fimplicity, and Isad a faioSbtwt ftt he^ 
fore It : Tbt/e mn M»p; Jrw/, do exceidimgfy trouiU our oiftj 

< t Vid. C«i/««/x <ii the latter part oif ffalm cxiix. EdlBilL aw. 
1702. Ba^t, 4to. 1733. Do. fol. 1739. Though I idSkd7hodi 
oar Uww^iaes tbe^itftteetoremark, that in thei?Iatc editions, thji 
IS tolerably qualified.' • * 



tonfi^tUlM on tifuiting a Skl^ptim to AHicles e/Faitir 99 

HI thUdcjs ^ abandon aH SBtA dttma ander erery detlomina* 
tiod? Since wc Imve foea the eflcfit of them early smd^Jeie^ 
abroad mhI^^ home: eodi period of church hiflory jeiddiiig 
iBoft ahiitidaM evidetKe, that oH fucfa Fmificmhns^ m tkey arc 
ufeaUy ftikd, when once movneed with a pfiO|>tr*finuii o( irtil* 
Irry, and char propcriy ployed atf» mllead of ferving to aanoy 
Ike enemy,' are fc^e too apt t»4iuit oorfrieada. • 
* * Such doAcinal FomRilaries exehide none, bat conicientbus 
ttketi, from any paitntilar comtnuniDn $ they create no difficulty 
toochersy vHio fiiMcribe t^em a» cfainga of* oourfe $ and in tke 
like circitiDftanceSt wtH M>feribe any thing; 

^ Nefther can .dicfe Tefts hinder the owft castioue and \n^ 
cfftnfive perfons' from delivering ihw real Antioieats on any 
#itb)ed, which they j«dge to be of importance ; and where they 
fnutt think tbemfeifea obliged to bear nheh- teftioionyy n«»twith* 
flanding that the oppofite fide happens to have been decreed 
with ail folemnity. Nor in faA, does tbeie now appear a lefs 
variety of opinions, though a kfc fafe one^ among thtaktng 
perfons, where imy competoR degree of liberty remains/ than 
ift 611 profcabilfty there would bate bten^ if no foch decrees 
ever had exited. Nay, faowcoold any thing, do we imagine^ 
but enjoining the belieft and annexing enmluoiems eo 4he pro-» 
feffion of fundry opinioAei have ever given imptortance to them^ 
or canfed cootrfby and created animoiities about them V 

' There are many of bis Lordflnp's obfervationSy wiiidv it woulct 
give us pleafure to* place hnfore our Readers ; but we mnft ccm*^ 
tent ourfelvee witli adding the fatlowing paflage : 

^ It is this fotal (cheme, fays he, of making ears the mea# 
fnre of every other man's Fmib^ and obtruding it upon him, 
inftead of having it to outfihis hrfort Gid; which above all 
things tendech, and- will always tend, to Inaeafe the growing 
infidelity amongft us; — To create a careleft difiregavd, oir-a Am» 
flidioas contempt of all religion in feme perfons ; with a fevers 
cenfure of, and a ftrong renitency againft th» abhorred praftioe 
of enforcing whatever, (hall be taken for ir, in others ; who 
feem determined thoroughly to fift our Conftitution': and it if 
evtilent, that by^lbe incnsafe of general knowledgp^ and a no 
lefs general tafie for liberty^ numbers become equally qualified 
and difpofed to do fo ; wbije pcbers yet appear not to be duly 
fenfible, under what difficulties we of the Efl;abliftment muft 
lie, in fu<'h a confufcd'flite of things, as is nedefrarily produce? 
t)y the want of thofe tirrtcl^ revifals, and gradual reformationi, 
Vfh'ich might enkble it to keep pace with each improvement in 
every br ancfh of fciehce. 

' « Were fome perfons fenfible of this, they would not furely 
tie fo forward to fufpeft us of hypocrify and prevarication, 
while w^ efte^m ourfeives bound to keep up all thefe forms, till 

H 2 relieved 



100 Linifey'i ^^Mw* 

reltered by pnper authority : nor impute it wboUy iei oar pri* 
vats inftertft, when we mlmfterially coooply witb what we am 
mot ibk lo vemove ; and paUemly remain in pofts^ boweter in* 
yidiottfly jMifreprcfefilcd, where it is conceived that wo -may da 
more good# ami perform a nofe acceptaUe femce i» our vCooi* 
monMtftcri .by cominMiiig t# labour or tn hia wa(b vioeyarcU 
and wait his own. goo4 time for ^pportumiiea of u6«g. OMf 
little iofliience [hefoby preveiited ftom growing ftill JelGi} (o* 
wards panning a few wild bramchcs in it^ and rooNug out (ba^ 
of the rankeft wcedai rather than defpond ioimedisifly on everf 
juft caufe of ofFencet that- muft occur to us ; or pee«iihiy rer 
volt at each injurious rcfroach« that will be caft upon us. • If 
our firft Rcfortners had quitted their ftations in the Churchy 
inftead of ufing all their cndeavoun to amend it i IhouM ww 
have had rcafon either to admire cbeic fyisit^ or applawd theif 
condufi at this day V 

In regard to this pafiage, we cannot help obfiprving* with 
the greateft deference to his LordAiif^'s opinion^ that a di^ent 
condu& from what, he mentions might conduce greatly to the 
advancement of virtue and true religion* Were 'but. a few of 
the fuperior dergy, of refpedable dbara^ers and diftinguiftied 
abilities, to unite in endeavouring to bring about a farther 
refonnation, and exert their utmoft endeavours for this pur* * 
pofe, notwithftanding any oppoTition they might meet Ufiih If ooei 
mincers of flnte^ or merely political men, and, failing, in the 
attempt, wsere they to quit their ftations in thechurc^. fuch a. 
condud could not fail to be attended with the moft beneficial 
confdqnenoes. h would ftamp a real dignity on their char^u:- 
ters, it would be the ftrongeil proof that could poffibly be^cn 
of tbehr fincertty, k would contribute not a little towards leS^ 
fening that contempt far the clergy which many laymen aie too 
apt to expreft, at would place the nec^ky of altering oureccle- 
fia^cal conftitutioA in the dearcft point of view, and would 
tend more towaida awakening even the moft thoughtlefs tp^ a 
fertous fenfe of 'religion^ than the mofl judicious and elaborate 
produ^ns from the pre& 

Aar. V. Ccnclufan ef tbt Account of Mr. Liml/efs Jpohgj. See our 
lad Month's Review* 

XT A V I N G alfi^ady laid befoie our Readers the account 
Jpl that Mr. Lindfey has given, at the dofe of hia Apology, 
of his ceadu(5i with regard to the refignation of his living, we 
now revert to the beginning of the work ; the firft chapter of 
which contains fome ftridures on the origin of the dodlrine of 
the Trinity, .and ^he oppofitiou it met with, to the time of the 
reformation* In the courle of thefe (Iri^ure;^, the learned Au- 

thot 



iimrrMtfvtMj Mt>Aer9 (ave done, that (he word Trimty h an 
iinfcriptural term, and tUat it was not known among Chrittiane 
ibr near two bilodred years after Cbrilt, being fifft iiicii by 
TheopMlusy a- Oenttie convert, BifhNbpof Antioch) Ivathi no 
great eonfeiiiMty*t6 what iris made to Agnify at prefeift. It is 
lacknowtedged to be entirely of Heathen extradioiy, borrowed 
frofv Plato, and the P)atonic phik>fot)by! and this being its 
true origii>, iti(botiW'&eai that a proper seal for God*s word^ 
aad fegardfer'Chfiftand his infptrtd apoftles, (hoUldmake us 
retaxa tittietof oitr pafion agahift thofe who^ fcruple td ufe a 
kmgiMige net ikiidified by their authority^ in (jpetiking of and 
addreffing' the great God. Mr. Lindfey farther fliews, that a 
dffl>elief df^the rrinityis no blacn'eable herefy, asChciftians, 
i#r^f(Mite4ige8' after tittrLord^ appearance^ were wholJy Antl-« 
trinttarktts*- ki-€ofi#rnatttion of 4ifs afltrtion; he confidersby 
what means the dodrine of the Trinity prevailed^ and, 'm dc* 
icfibing therifeaffd pf(^refs of this^odhine, he has gratified 
bi^reidefrawidi feveral* hiftorical circumfhmces, relafive to the 
feds or per(bns who embraced Unitarian principles. From his 
account,' ir is dvkletit, that what is caHed the Catholic doc- 
cvine oi the Trinity, was firft eftaUiibed, and tath been alt. 
along fapported, by vi^letice and the iecular power ;' an argu- 
ment in its behalf ftf rely not to be boafted of, and concerning 
vrhieh the goipil of Jefas is wholly filent. 

In the lecond chapter, our Author purfues the hiftory of 
Unitarianifm, aod^ defcribes, in a more efpecial manner, the 
ftate of it in <Mir own oountry^ f#om the asra of the reformation, 
to nearly the prefent times. This account includes in it many 
euriottr pafftieutoiS^ i^olative to thofe who profe(&d and Tup- 
ported the Unitarian dodrine. But we (hall only uanfcribe 
yrhat Mf. LtAdfey has recorded, from Fuller, of the zeal which 
King James the Firft (hewed to convert Bartholomew Legate ; 
who> IB i6i r, wa9 burnt to death in Smithfietd, for Arianifm^ 
or rather £oe 'Socinianifm. ^ King James caufed this Legate 
often ID be brought to him, and fcrioufly dealt with him to en^ 
deavour his converfion. One time the King had a mind t<^ 
iiupdze iiim into a con£effion of Chrlft's deity (as his JM^jefly 
aficrwards declared to a fight reverend Prelate, Archbifhop 
U(her) by afking him, whether or no he did not daily pray to Je* 
frsChrifit which had he acknowledged, the King would in- 
fallibly have inferred, that Legate tachty confented to Cftnft^s 
divinity, as a feather of the heart. But herein hisf M^jeft/ 
fiailed of his expedation. Legate returning, that indeed he had 

E rayed to Chrift io the day^ of liis ignorance, bat iiot for thefe 
^ft (even years. Hereupon the Kmg in choler fpuHied at him 
iKiidi bis foot i tfuw^t hofe ftUow (iatthhe) H ficdl mvtr h fnd 

H J '^ » -thai 



that oniJ{a)ith in wj^ujaui^ thA ba$h mwr fr^yii U Our &r 
viour/or feven years UgcuHr* 

After deducing fome judicious tnd ufefiil OQpi^diofis from 
the hlfiory of Unitarianiun, our worthy Author piDce«4o^ io hit 
third chapter, to (hew, that religious woribip i$ Io be offorcd; 
to the One.God, the Father, only. Tht9 point is di(^ 
cuflcd, by Mr« Xtndfey, in a manner which deftrves the OMift. 
ierious atteniion of tbofe who diiFcr from him. It is, undoubu 
edly, a mgtter of the utmoft importauce* If there be any thtu 
which may be regarded as ijfintial ia rdiRioD^ it i^ the ofagm 
of worihip. It feems to have been the dai|^ ^f. every icma« 
tion of the Pivine Will, to cUred maiildo4 aright in this k^ 
fpefl ; and, therefore, it is of infijnite mom^t that !we 4o not 
give that glorv to another, which it due atone to the Eternal 
Tcbovab, toe Supreme Rulgr of the univerfe, tb« Ortg tnai and 
rarent of all exiftence. 

In tre^tin^ upon the caufes *of the unhappy ,d«ftSion fussoflg 
Chriftians,'trom tbd fimplictty of religious worihip preferibed 
in the fcriptiires of the NewTeftamenti which is the bufinels 
of the fpurch chapter, our Author points ouC the influeno^ 
which falfe |;bi!ofophy bad in (rorrupting the genuine truth of 
the gofpel. But he has proved that there is another, and pttn* 
cipaT fource of the corruption of the true Chriftian dodraae and 
worihip } a' fource from which the worft of errors have flowed, 
and whif^b alio, in the proportion wherein itftevails, wUl per* 
petuate tien? for ever.«-<Need we add, that the objefi hero 
pointed out, is Human Authority in the chuxch of 

Ch«I8T? 

The defign of the fifth chapter is to (hew, faofw an union in 
God's true worfhip is to be attained. H^re Mr. Lindiey pro^ 
pofes aftanding apoftolic rule for prayer; and hath inferted^ 
and recommended the late eminent and excellent Dr. Samuel 
Clarke's amendments of the liturgy, Thccfe we ihall give, at 
large, to our Readers ; and, fqr the fake of thefe, we have 
avoided infifiipg fo fully on the preceding parts of thc:.Apo^ 
logy zi we fhouid other wife have done* 
♦* A Lift of e^fupsTon^le Parts of tbi Litwrp wki rtf^ ta th$ 

ObjeSf of tf^orjbif^ and which an oithtr fstiu Jbruek awi^ sr 

change J^ by Dr. Cltnie^ 

Glory be to the Father^ and to the Son, and liWk oi^, aai 
to the ftoly Ghoft: A. it w». « tke b*ginB«|, [Z^jJ^ 
tt now, 4nd ^vcr iball he, world wMhout ^. • Ito benad. 
. . X'Diwn. 

Tbott art the king of glory, O Chrift. "] chinged,tiidu» 

Thou art the everlafiing Son Of ' " ' . - - 



1 6f the Father. I whoiediieeMi* 
se to dcUm man, (g^*^ *^ 
Ihott didft not ^bhor the virgia's womb« J ^ 



Df Dium oMtimmtL 

When tbou badft overcome the fharpnefs of 
death, thou dldft open the kingdom of heaven to 
aU believers* 

j;^ ficteft at the right band of Qod in tfae 
' of iht Father. 



^«0J 



'^. 



e believe that thou ibalt comt to be «Qr t;^«kiMie<ito 



judge. 

We ther^ore pray thee to help 4kj (c^rvants, 
whom thou haft redeemed with thy* precious 
blood. , ^ 

. Mal^^ thqa^ to be |l^m^ered with tby iaints In 
glory everla^ing. 

Lord have b^cjt u^oi^us. 

Chrift haye mercy upon us. 

Lord have mercy upon us. 

Prifjfir p/$i. Chrjf^m. 
-^wben two or three are gathered together i^ 7 changed to <i^ 
tiy name'^ ' - $ ^*' "***• 

The Creid of St. Jthanafius. '■ ftrack out. 

.... Liuifi/^ 

O God the Son, redeemer of the world^ have*l 
mercy upon us, miferable finnq-s. 



J 

} 



tbr^ 



ontceftiaick out, 
here and vitry 
whircr 



O'God tbe Holy Gboft, proceeding from th^ I 
■ - • -^ - ifc. }. 



Father and ^he Son, have mercy atpon us, mife- 
^ablc fmners. .. , ^^ . ^ 

O holy, blefled, and glorious iTrmity, three 
perfons and one God, have mcvcy upon us^ mi- 
fctable finnars, \ . , 

— <^whom othott balft redeemed with thy moA' 
precious blood, 

, By the myftery of ^hy. holy ii^camation, l^y thy 
holy nativijt^ and circumciiion ; by thy baptifm^ 
faftm^ and temptatioiL r . * 

By thine agony and bloody fweat; bv thy 
croia md paffion; by thy precious deitn and 
burial ^ by thy gloriousi r^AM;i;«ftipn and a(cen« 
iion ; and by 'the coming of tbe Holy Gboft. ^ « 

Son of Gdd we befeech thee t^bear ua. 
. .SoHcfQodwib0fiichiiut$hiartif. 
' .O Lamb Of God, that takcjfr anhiy Ae fine •f 
the world. 

Grant MS ihf piaee'. - ^. * • 

O Lamb 6f God, that takeft away AtSmxtt , 
wttt w^fUf "v 
^ HteiH mtrcy upm MSi 

H4 



^ ct u Mu t^ the 
y«#h'die Mtt^ 
^to the OM Cod 



the Father. 



ooeCoa « 



. chaiifod»,aiulthe 
^w>ioW directed 10 
G^ 



1 



.(fa*wirde#riyt 
^^■hs ftx9c|t one 



Litanj 



,^«1« 



1kmk9^ 



I 

S,- O fr 



Lttanf ontiHuidm 
O Chris hear ut. 
Q Cbrifi hior uu 
Lord h^Me mercy upon us. 
X^i i^*/ nurff up9n MS. . 
Cbrift haire mefcy Upon us. 
Chrifi Ihivtmgrcfufm ui.^ 
Lord have mercy upon us. 
Lird havt nwrcf upm us. 

Frpia our eoemiet defend us, O Chrift; 

O Sob of David, have mercy upen U9. ( ebtaerd tni £• 

Both now and ever vouchfafe to bear ti8»- O \ttQcd s»<M 
Chrift. 

GraciouAy hear uf , O Chrift, gracioufly bear j 
us, O Li>rd Chrift. Jftmk^i*. 

Praysr in Tjme $f Dsarib and Famhi. ' -i ftntck out hm^ 

—to whom with thee and the Holy Ghoft be f ^LSSLTi^ 
all lionour and glory, now and for ever, j y^u^T*** 

Colk&s. 
Tirft Sunday in Advent. * 

— ^who liveth and reigne;h with thee and the 7 cKaosea iMr«^ 
Holy Ghoft, now and eVer. 5 ^^ "^ •^ 

T^rd Sunday in Advent. 
O Lord Jefu Chrift, who. at thy firft coming, 7 ^^^^^ ,^ ^. 

Faurik Sitndaj h Advent. diaaeed, 

Cbriftmoi^Digy* 
— >who livedi and reigneth with thee and thel^^^^nied here, 
fame Spirit, ever on^ God, world without end* \ MdetcryviKit. 

8tf Stephen's Dm. 
—who prayed for bi3 m^nlerert to thee, 7chinrd,tna4. 

bleflcdjcfua— jfeaedio<?t< 

Trinity Sunday. ching^. 

JUcine Creed. ftnckoot. 

Epeb$nation t9 the Cammunhn. 
••—above all ye muft give moft bumble and^ 
hearty thanks to God the Father, the Son, and | 
the Holy Ghoft, for the redempti^ of the world I 
by the death and p^flioa pf o\ir Savipur Chrift, ychaBfed, wiaj^. 

bo* God and man- ftte^x^oa. 

To him, therefore, with the Father, ,and.the | , 
Holy Ghoft, let u^give continual thanks. j 

Pr^aci up99t th F^Jl rf Trimty^ tocko^t v. 

Frayt^. 



LuuUbjf V i^2^# 



-iHf 



Pr(tf^ oftirihiCtmmumin. 
lom, and with whom, in the tini ^ 
Aic Holy Qhoft, all hoaour and glory be; unto 



thee, O' Father. ' * " [ J 

O L^rd, the only begotten Son, Jefu (^riio^;! ; .. \j 
O Locd God, Lamb of Uod, Son of the Fatbei:^L u ^ ;> 
that takeftawaythefint of the world, have mercy . 
upon tt3. Thou that takeft awa^ tb^ iina of the 
world, hav« mercy upon us. Thou that takeft \ chtn(ed«tMr^ 
away the fins of the world, recetre our prayet. y*i»*'«Wdfe4 
.Thou that fittcft at the fight hand of God the* '^^**'**^ 
Father, have mercy upon us. 

For thou only art holy, thou only art the Lord, 
thou only, O Chrrft, wrtb the Holy Ghof^, art 
moft high in the glory of God the Father* 

Public Baptilm of Infantu 

•—Ye have prayed, that our Lord Jefus Chrift" 
would vouchfafe to receive him, to releafe him ^,^^ . j^^^^^ 
of his (ins, to fandify him with the Holy Ghoft, mod «Ua in%e 
to give him the kingdom of heaven and everlaft- /-(Mptirm of fach 
ing life.— Ye have heard alfo, that our Lord Je- " «• •f np« 
fus hath promifed in his gofpel to grant ail thefe I 
things. * .J 

Catechifm. 

What doft thou chiefly learn ki thefe articles^ 
of the belief? 

Firft, I learn to believe in God the Father, 
who hath made me and all the world. ^^ ^ 

Secondly, in God the Son, who hath redeemed ^^^^ "^^ 
TEOC an^ ail mankind. 

Thirdly, in God the Holy Ghoft, who (anai- 
iieth me and all the ele^ people of God. 

Mairimdftjff 
God the Father, God the Soa» and Go4 the 7 ^^^g^. 
Holy GhoR, bleb, prefenre, and keep you. \ 



ywifc 



Vijitation of the Sid. 
AbfcluiUn, 



Our Lord Jefus Chrift, who liath left power 
to his church to abfolve all finners, who trulj 
repent and believe in hini,'6f his great mercy for 



l\ 



£ive thee thine offences ; and, by his authority V^*™^*"*^^ 
cxHnmitted to me, I abfolve thee from all thy fins, i ^ ^ *- 
an the name of the Father, and of the Son^ and I 
of the Holy Ghoft, J 



We cannot conclude widioot teftifying our opinion, dut t&it 
work does iionour to the Author's undemanding, as well as to 
his heart* It is a vaSuablenmntiment of h\i Wifdom, letaiiog, 
integrity, ahd pietv $ and we hope that he Will be favoured 
with tlu^ pUhJIc eneotinlgeinent : ind particularly Wtib the pa- 
tronage of thQfeChrlftianswho'Conctrr with hitti tn fenttmefliU 

I I I ■ II M l Ml I I ■ I T 

AaT. VI. ^ nrw and Uttr^d TrgnJUt^ion, fr^m tbi 0ripmd IMn^, 4f 

i , mxt^ H tbt Bn4 rf tbi $H9md BmK rf Kii^s : mih XiHt ariied 
rnni ExpUmaoty. By the latf Re veicod and Learoffi JuUoi Aaie, 
M. A- Re&or o^ Sutton, in SaiT^x* fto. . 16 u $^OMds. iaif* 
1773^ 

OUR opinion of Mr. Juliua Bate, as a writtr and a aride, 
hath been long known io ihe Headers of the Monthljr 
Review, l^e perufal of the prefent work hath not given tis 
the leaft reafQ|i tp change th^t opinion. It is, nioft certainly, 
a new tranflition, and fe very literal, as to be really uniintelU* 
gible to a plain Engliih reader; 

We have feen many verfiohs of the fcriptures % but we do 
.hot recolle£i an^r one, in any language, not excepting that of 
St. Omer's, which exceeds, or even equals, this of Mr. Julius 
Bate, for obfcurity, inconfifteqcy, and abfurdity. -The Au- 
thor, it Diuft be granted, was a tolerable mafier of fonie parts 
of Oriental literature;, but he fe^ms to have been entirc^ly void 
of judgment. He hath employed all his learniiig in disfigur- 
ingf we ouiV lay, in burlofquing, the (acred writings. 

The-chitf deiign of this Work, is a» defence of thb Athana* 
fian Tdoity $ and many pa/Tages, which are fimply hiRorical^ 
are faid, by our Authbr, clearly to cohtain that dodrine. 

If this be really true, we fliould be obliged to fome able 
Hutchinfonian for the folution of the following difficulty : If 
the Old Teftament doth really, as thefe gentlemen affirm, con- 
tain the do£lrine of the Athanafian Trinity, how came it to 
pafs that no J6#, from the da3rs of Mofes to the pnsfent, ever 
found it out; or even fulpefied it ? That the ]tw^ never had 
any apprehenfion of this dodrine is well known ; and that, 
with the more fenfible part of them, it is one grand objedioa 
to Chriftianity, we are afiured by learned perfons of that per- 
fuafion. 

As modem improvements in fcience, and ia found criti- 
<^m, have deprived the Hatchinfonians, and others, of aa 
Athanafian Trinity in the New Teftameot, they, have baoo 
obliged to change their ground, and fearch for it in the Old : 
and to prevent, if poffible, another difcomfitwe, they have put 
myfticalfenfes on plain hiftorical paflages, and inferred ftrange 
^coach&fions, from fanciful, equivocal, and, very often,, uoaa- 

tural 



' tural i^ndo^^ A fsw iafiKflay will prdvc. tM .Mr. Julius 
Bate excelled ui this mode df wxltiiag. 

Geoe&s u I. ^ At firfi. c^e'Aleim created tbe ^eavens aii4 
the earth«' This traoflation U illuftrated Inr the following 
. note : * a title (!• e. Alejai) pf the ever blefled Trinity, it 
pieaos the perfoos under the path, or iinjin^ ^urji of a cove^ 
|iaiit/-4f v^e underfland oi^r AMthor« the idea it not only abf 
furdo hut;iinpjo^. J^ it not impious to (ay, that the Supreme 
Seihg, whether the Trinhan^ql or tjnitarian dodripe be the tru^ 
one, is boufid by a curfe 2 Thfabfitrdity of the idea is bevoq4 ex« 
preffion : for whether we fitppofe tbe perfons of tbe Trini^ to 
be three diftin^ beings, or only three diftinft relations of one 
and. the fame being, Mr. Bate's notion involves in it the moft 
inexplicable contradidions* There is another note exprefEve 
of the fame ide^, on Levit, xviiL i. 

In Genefis xviii. the facred hiftorian relates the appearanco 
of three ungelf to Abraham at the door of his tent; which 
tbree^ our Author tells us^ wqre the three perfons in (he Td* 
ntty. A"^ ii> * ^^ be adds, < in this chapter is coilar proof 
of ^ei^ being one God, luul three perfons ^ forthe perfons who 
appeared fpeijSB ?s Jebo^, and, ^e fpoken to, and of, as tte 
Ilord HI Trinity^ whom Abraham entertained, &e/ Here wa 
smifi own, with concern, that qur eyes are not do good as Mu 
Bate's were> for we caanot diicfi^n this icukr fr^. As it ap* 
pears ftom the narrative, that two of tbffe angdls went and 
conducted Lotx>ut of $odom, how could the three be the I^ord 
ia Trinky ? One reatbn wby they could not, may \ifi affigne4 
frup our Author's own tranflation of" chap. x^e. 13. * for tb^ 
cry againft tb^cm is great before Jehovah ; and Jehovah hath 
fsnt us to deftpoy it.' ki other words, according to Mr. Bate, 
Jehovah hath m^t Johonah to ileftroy Sodom. Strange that 
aay well-mea#i^ EzpoQtor (bpuld (kther fijch abfurdtties upon 
t)ie facced writer! 

. Our Tran0ators have rendered Genefis xxi. I7, latter claufe, 
< what ailcth thee, fiag^r? fear not, for God bath heard tbe 
voice of tbe lad where h^ '^s i* ^ where bis mother had laid 
him* No, fays Mr. Juliua Bate;, ^ iear notf for tbe Aleim 
will hearken to the vqico of tbe lad,"^ in thi nam iiftlf.* And« 
la a note, we are told that ^ the Tranflators miffed both thq 
liieral and myftical (enf<!, that God would hear Ifrael accordhig 
t9 the pmv»(e expvcfied in his name (TMVtdtS^^) and the ioii 
of the bondswoman tptS^ MIH *WK3 bf him, whp is th<f 
ffaflfe it&Ifs which is the great promife of the gofpel.' Tha 
towguagf here is fomewbat beyoind our conyirebenfion : but wq 
will venture t^ affert, that no m^» except a myfiical Hutchin-< 
Ionian, oeiild avqr havf feimd % (efecen^^e.to the gpipel in thia 
hiftriMril oaffuie^ 



• oi Bate*! Tfanflatiortj frm, t&imginal HArew^ Hu 

If eur limfts wbuldl permit, we might producie numeroui in* 
ftanoes of Uie Authofr't fbndneli for alltifions ttA pre%ur2« 
tions : for ex^^nple, the flcins of the kids, which Rehekah put 
on her ibn Jacob, prefigured our patting on th(B Lord Jefus, 
and appearing in bi^ rigbteoufiiefs, to obtain the bleffing. Thh 
Hirbole hiftory is, indeed, curioully allegorized. The twbs 
Pharez and Zarah, the fons of Judah by Tamar, prefigured 
the natural and JTpiritual man \ and the cafe of Zarah in par- 
ticular, prefigured the neceffltyof our being born again. 

We have always underflood Demetonomy vK 4, to be a con- 
clufive proof of the unity of the Godhead. But Mr. Julius Bate 
tells lis, on the contrary, that, • as long as Hebrew is Hebrew, 
Jehovah fingular, and Aleim plural, and the oath of God to 
the heirs of falvation, is remembered, fo lon^ will thefe two 
words, Jehovah and Aleim, prove a Trinity in Uhity, the co-' 
equality of perfons.^ 

* As a proof of our Author^s obfcurity, we fliall leteS the He- 
brew word T^'y^ which our tranflators very properly have ren- 
d^ed « a covenant.' Thus Gehefis ix. 9, God foil to Noab, 
'^ I eftablifh my xtovenant with you ;* but, according to Mr, 

3ate, it ihould be, * I cftabHfc my purification with you.* THit, 
he tells us, is the Hterah interpretation of the word fj^l^ from 
•^3 U purifi^ to Truth ckan^ as -every thing is- through the blood 
of Chrift. nni *^*5 he, is ufed to expreft all the promifes 
to ua through tfie facrifice of Chrift, which has a |>roaiiicof 
this life, and of that which is to come, tf we take care to imi- 
tate his ^rity and innocence. Waving the propriety of tbb 
etymology, which indeed we more than fufpcfll (for PTOt rf- 
lerty to choofe, feems to be the true word) we fee no ad van* 
tage produced by this alteration, llie word * covenant/ ii 
perfectly intelligible to every reader, who is in the leift don- 
irerfant vrith his^ h'rble ; but * purification,* in many paflTages, is 
by no means fo* For inftance, Judges ii. 1^ 2, * And I faid I 
will never break my covenant with you ; and ye (hall make no 
league with the inhabitants of this land.* This is intelligible ; 
but ^ I faid I would not break my purification with you for ever, 
and ye fhall cut no purification for the inhabiunts of this land/ 
is a mode of fpeaking, to fay the beft of it, not a little ob- 
fcure. 

Mr. Bate*8 note on Jolhua ii. i, is, we believe, juft, but 
not new; for moft lexicographers obferve that the word niHff 
means aki hoftefs, aa well as an harlot ; and Tn this place it is- 
natural to underftand it in the former rather than in the latter 
fenfe, becaufe it is more probaUe that the fpies went to lodge 
in a houfb of entertainment, than in a bit>thel. It h true that 
St. James calls Rahab irdfVD, an harlot f but it it foppofed by 
feveral critics, and witt^ fome degree of probifbUiiy^ that the 

Greek 



PoRiital Difqtttfahnt: Vol^ I. 1 09 

Greek word, as well as the Hebrew> was anciently ufed ia. 
thcfe two fenfcsi 

Our Author is as remarkable for his philofophy as for his di- 
vinity. He roundly aflerts that, ■ let our philofopliers fay what 
they will, the ftars have an influence on our atmofphere/ This 
be thinks !s implied in Judges v. 20. We obferve, alfo/ that 
his enmity to the Hebrew vowel points is fo great t|)at he alters ,. 
the fpelling of thepropcr names of perfons and places. Aaron 
he calls Aerun, Gideon, Gidoun, Canaan, Canon^ Gilead^ 
Gilod, &c. 

To this work is prefixed a (bort advertifement by the ano- 
nymous Editor, wherein he calls it ' a valuable and intelligible 
performance %* but how juftlyf the above fpecimen will enable 
our Readers to determine* The three engravings are welt exe*- 
cuted : the laft, which exhibits a view of the infide of the Ta- 
bernacle, and of (he Holy of Holies, feems to have been bor- 
rowed frooi a plate in the late Du Ifaac Watts^s Scripture 
HiHory. 

Akt. VII. PoUtual Difyuifitiwt : Or, am Bnquhy htf fuHie Brmrs^ 
DtfkHi and Ahufks., Ulttftratcd by sik) eftabUflied upon Fads and 
Kemaiks eztraded from. a variety of Authors, ancient and mQdern»» 
Calculated to draw the timely Attention of GovsaNiiBNT and, 
People to a due Confideration of the Neceflit)', and the Means 
of reforming thofe Errors, Defefls, and Abuies ; of reHoring thef 
Cnnftitution, and faving the State. Vol.1. 8vo. t%. boards. 
Dilly. '1774. 

IT was, if we miflake not, a remark of the celebrated Dr. 
Tillotfon*s, * that it feemed extremely difficult, if not at- 
mod impoffible, for a man to (tep over the threibold of a court, 
and preferve his honefty.* The keeneft fatyrift could hardly 
have thrown out a farcafm more fevere than this declaration of 
the gentle ArchbiDiop. Yet if this obfervation Elves us a true 
idea of courts and ftatefmen, we muft nevertheleis fuppofe that 
the evil does not neceflfarily arife from the very nature of g|o- 
vernment and the condu£l of civil fociery^ but from the ill 
management, or artful and corrupt defigos, of perfons to whora 
this great and important truft, the care of the ftate, is com- 
mitted. 

Politics, br the art of government, is frequently repr^feat^d 
as (omewbat very myftericus, and foaring far above yulgar ap« 
prehenfions. Statefmen and lawyers may be well pleafed with 
the prevalence of fuch a perfuauon : and no doubt there arc 
fubje£ts of this kind wjbich ^common capacities, .unufed to poli- 
tical enquiries, ^ould not be fufficient to inveiUgate and direfl. 
To prelide over a large community with fuch happy influence 
as may fuffice tQ prevent, or duly corredtj thofe eviU and abufts 

w!u<5K 



tio P^cal lyyqUl/kiom. Vol.}* 

#faich natunHy fpring tip in haman focietyy and to cSflufe 
peace and profpcrity tbrongb all ranks and conditions, — ^to at- 
tain thefe great and defirable etids, will require the abl^ ta* 
lents, and the nobleft difpofitfoiis i but as for thofe ftate^tricb 
and little arts which merely ferve to promote a tanporary view, 
or anfwer fome felfiOi purpofe, as they are unworthy of an 
elevated genius, fe are they praftifed' only by men who arc in- 
capable of zSting upon more exalted principles. 
' The obfervation which was made by one of the fathers on 
the facred fcriptures, feems to be very properly applied to poli* 
ties by the Author of the work now before us, < the lamb may 
wade in them, and the elephant fwim.* The remark of the 
great Mr. Locke is alfo pertinently introduced, viz, « That 
politics (in the common and confioed fenfe) are only common 
ienfe applied to national inftead of private Concerns.^ Prom 
^Bence it follows, that the generality of the people may form 
proper conchifions codCernitig public and national afikirs, al- 
though they may not be capable of developing or xemoving 
thofe diActtlttes and myfteries which ftate lawyers or others may 
throw in the way, in ocder to conceal the truth* 

In his general preface to this work, our Author obfentes, that 
^in a country which pretends to be free, and where, confer 
quendy, the people ought to have weight in the government, 
it is peculiarly neceflary that the peopUic poflefled'of juft no- 
tions of the intereft of their country, and be qualified to diflin- 
gui(h between thofe who are faithful to them^ and thofe who 
betray them» It mud, I think, fill every, generous mind with 
Indignation, to fee our good-natured countrymen abufed ovor 
and over, from generation to generation, by the fame ftate 
dog-tricks repeatedly played upon thetp, by a fucceffion of pre- 
tended patriots, who, by thefe means, have fcrewed out their 
predecelTors, and wormed themfelves Into their places. To 
teach the people a fet of folid political principles, the know- 
ledge of which may make them proof againft fuch grofs abu(e^ 
IS oine great obje£( of th(s publication.* 

Should this Writer be thought to have indulged fome warmth 
in the above paffage, or in other parts of his work, it is, we 
are perfuaded, nothing more than the natural eStSt 6f an honeft 
seal for the liberty and welfare of his country, and a juft'dif- 
dain of thofe meafures which under colour of regard to tfie 

!>ublic weal are chiefly intended to accomplish fome private de- 
igns. If minifters of Ihte, or fuppofed patriots; are profecot« 
ing fuch ends, let them be expofed and cenftired ! If our Au- 
thor writes with fpirit, it is not of the fad^ious kind. He does 
not wiih that the firitifh conftitution (bould be overthrown, or 
that a republican form of government fliould be introduod ; 
be apbdkrs to bt animated with a true and hearty folicitude for 

the 



Political &tfquijkim. VotI; tif 

fHe WAhrt and prorpcrity of this? natJon, according to the fpl-* 
lit of resolution principles. Speaking In one part of his work; 
concemmg commmvoealtbs, he thus exprefles himfelf : * Thera 
Has hardly ever been known a pure tommonwealth ; though 
many an unmixed monarchy or tyranny. The EngUJh rcpuW;c, 
nvhrch was demolifhed by the viHaipous G^omwtlt^ was one of, 
the moft unmixed that ever was known. — Now I am mentipn'* 
ing republican governmenr, f take this opportunity of entering, 
an tx^xtk caveat againft all accufation of a de&e^ to eftabj ifli* 
n^ublican principles. I do not think a friend to tiiis nation isj 
obliged to promote a ch^ange in the conftitution'. The j^rcfe^i^t* 
form of government by King, Lords, ^nd Commons,^ if it* 
coufd be teftored to its fpirit afnd efficiency, might be ihade 
t6 yield all the liberty, and all the happinefs, of which a great^ 
a^rd good people are capable in this world, Therefpre I do not 
think, it worth while to hazard any confiderable commotion foe. 
the fakoL merely of changing the con{{(tution from limited mo-,' 
narchy to republican government, though I hardly know the 
rifijue it would not be Worth while to run for the fake oi 
clianging our government from corrupt to incorrupt* 

Though we agree with this Writer aa to the greater ^art of 
what is mi in the above quotation, we are yet io far from ber 
ing of opinion that it would be advantageous or requifite to' 
Hazard any confiderable commtion for the ^ke of exchanging a^ 
Itmited monarchy for a republican government, that we thmk 
it would not be worth whili^ on this account to hazard any com- 
fifotion at att\ fihce this part of the Engli(h conftitution appears, 
admirably adapted for pfomoting and bllabliAing natiodat peaces 
and happinefs. Our Autjior wiQies to rouze a general alten^ 
tion to the (irrors and abufes of this excellent plan, that they, 
may be correded and reformed. But if it is true that men in 
pOwi:r avail ihemfelves of thefe very errors and abufes to patch 
ifp a prefcrtt fyftem, or to eftablilh themfclv^s in places of pro- 
fit, tten how heartlefs, in great meafure, is the undertaking I 
Gentlemen at the head of the law w^Il know how oppreiKve 
and'i^kfome to the fubjeSs are the rules and form^ of office, 
with all the myfticifm, and the delays^ which often have no 
manner of connexion with equity and juftice ; yet thefe evils. 
may be attended with g;eat advantages to fome in the profel^ 
$on, and therefore it may be concluded they are fufFered to re- 
main : nevertheless, a ferious attempt to remove them, would. 
be highly worthy the zeal of a r^^^/patriot, 
' However, while our politician defires t6 engage the fteady, 
regard of the people in general, to the confiderations he has to 
dnr, be apprehends that our ftatefmen and legiflators may gain 
lights from his collections, and meet with bints which, he 6b« 
fahresj if properly purfued, may lead them to -meafures of a 
' more 



moce generous kind» than that feries of poor aod temponrj!: oc^ 
pedients, by which they have long made a Ihift to patch up fnac« 
terst an4 barely keep the machine of gov^nment from burfting. 
in ruins about tbem« while the cfiiciency of the conftitutioa 
(as will too clearly appear in ^e fequel) is annihilated. 

* The ableft politicians, he adds^ have always been themoft. 
deilrous of information* The great Colbert ufed. to .declare^ 
that he thought his time well fpent in perufing an hundred pro- 
pofals for advancing the wealth, the commerce, and the glory 
of France^ if but one of them dcferved. to be encouraged. If, 
on the contrary, any leviathan of power fliews himfelf bent oa 
other objeAs than the public good, and with a bratal eifron^ 
tery preiumes publicly to turn into ridicule all that tends to, 
national benefit^ and to declare, as fome ftatefinen ^ave bee», 
known to do, that he knows of only one engine of govern- 
ment, tf/z. • finding every man's pritc, and giving it to. him j*. 
it IS to be hoped, that the independent people will fina.a book 
for his jaws, and be able to drag him out of the fea o£ powcr^ 
in which he wallows, that the veflel of the ftate mav fail in 
fafety. To point out thofe enemies of mankind, and to ani- 
mate the independent people againft them, is as great a fervice 
as can be done the pubuc* Whether thefe coIleSions will,, 
in any degree, produce this e(FeA, remains to be feen.^ 

There may be much quibbling and fallacy in our party 
(quabbles, yet furely there muft be a right and a wron<^ in go- 
vernment as in other things. The fpirit of the conuitution 
and the intereft of the nation are fixed things; nor can.it be. 
fuppofed, as this Writer remarks, that they are to be altered 
backward and forward according as a Harlej^, a IValpoU^ or a 
felham^ (hall be in or out of place. On thefe principles, we 
are told, he ^ determined to take the fenfe of mankind on the 
great and interefting points of government, and to fee what 
experience teaches to expe^l from wife and upright, as well as, 
from blundering and corrupt adminiftration.* He applied, it is 
added, ^ the leiUire hours of many years to the pcrufal of the bed 
hiftorical and political books, antient and modern, and made 
colledions to th^ quantity of many folio volumes/ 

He gives us a lift of fome of the various and voluminous 
writings which he has perufed : the refulc of his labour^, with 
his own inferences and obfervations, he propofes to lay be- 
fore the public in this and fome fucceeding volumes. And. 
though the fubjed of the fubfequent volumes is to be a conti- 
nuation of what is treated in this firft, vi%. An Enquiry into 
public Abufes, and the Means of correfling them ; it is yet his, 
intention that this, and every fucceeding volume, (bould be ia 
fuch a manner complete and independent^ ^ a3 to be fit to (land 



\f bMS widmtt any of tbe ofherr^ ss if tad^ volume wa9 a^ 



SbottteF k be ailed^ed, ^that » piivaee gentiemtn, who bar 
Mver iMen eoifyloyed in die fbte, 19 ifaa leiir qualified to be o^ 
Ibrvice to the puMic ;* our Author atifwcrs in the word» of 
H afrim g tm ^ ^ 1 ftndy^ not without grett examples, nor otft of 
ttycadhngi efther-anm or this art being the proper trade of a 
g0iitleiiiaa« (A maa may be intruded with a iftiip, and be a good' 
^iloc too, y^t not underftand how to nsake (tz cfaartf. To fay^ 
Aat a matt may not write of governmenty except he be a ma- 
giftrate^ is a» sMurd' as to fty, that a man may not njake a^ 
m chart unleft be be a pilot.- It is known, that Cbrijhpbir 
£MMite/mad^ a chart in his cabinet, that found out the fnSiu 
Th^tei%ii)itito^thflt*was goodnt Itis fteerage, never tool ttlM 
of him that brotkght him a char^, feeing whoth^rhe would \M 
itorno^ liras at -his own choice; and if ftttterers, being the* 
Worft bit of Crows, did ifot pick out the-eyes of the liting, the 
Ihip of government^ at this day throughout^Chrifleiidbm, had 
not ftruck fo often as fhe has donci To treat of afi^ir^ 
fiys ikb^i^ium/y which- as to the. conduA of them appertain to' 
others, may be thought a ^at boldheft ;- hut if I commit em)rt' 
in writing, thcfe may be known without danger ; whereas, if. 
ttiey- commit errors in ading,, (iich come not- ofdicrwife to he; 
1i»iawn than in the ruin of the commonwealth'/- 

' The chi^defign of theVoltime now befi»re«us, is tottnw^ 
ttiat our parliamenta are^ at prefent, on fuch n- footings, as- to 
the inadiequate Aate of reprefihitation^, the enormous length of 
their period, and minifttrial- influence pfevaiiing in them^ ttfat^ 
tfieir efficiency ftir the goo* of' the people is nearty annibihited, 
and the fubvdrfion of the^ conflftution and ruin of the flatc it; 
(fWithoiit timely i^fbrmation of theib abufe^} theconfeqnenctr 
unavoidably to he expeSed. The fituation of tbe Britifh par^ 
Ijameat at thi^ tfhie is indeed unhappy^ and the \j\ dk8t$ arifing^ 
from hence to the public are bujt too evid^nU Bat thisv Author 
enters into a particular difcuffibn of the fubjed',^ interweaving 
the materials he has coltcded with his own refle£Hons: an£ 
here he appears not only in the Hght of a fincere friend to the 
weMaceof his couhtiy, butalfo as a judScions-andfenfible-, though' 
not elegant, writer, who prcftms a variety of entertaining, ipN 
ifa^^ve, and ufefnl matter to the ^Uicconfideratiom 

This volume confiftis of four books, which are ftibdrvidW 
into chaptersi TPhe lirft book treats hxk^ cf gtmmmmt^ anrf 
the oeceffity of iti laws and fimAions, It Aews that the people^. 
are the feuodiatilMi of authority, and the lafl refource of govern** 
menti and confiders the iadvantag^ of parliamentary reprefen*' 
tatioRt whidiJiave Ttcommcnddd- it to<many aattoosr 

iJgiW% Feb. 1774. X Parlia* 



V4r PfflUicaL DifyuiJbiMS. Vol. h . 

ParliapuKU arc the fubje^ of the fecood ^^^^9 parlkotf 
larly their deficieacy and irregularity, when, by eftabliflmieq^ 
thc^ f9rm an itrndi^uaU repreCenution of the; B^opie, dnd th^ 
period htQomc9 ioa long. Here we are (b^wn whac woul4- bit 
0^f^0// parliamentary reprefentation $ with t)>edi(ad vantages, of 
the .eonirary. A view is taken of the prefent fiate ^ parli^. 
mentary reprefentation ; the- <}ue{lion how it.xame to be.Om 
inadequate is diicufledj the evil of ^\\omng^bor,o9ghs fo di^n*. 
pi tiorfttte a Jhart in parliamimUtry reprefentatim is fet before chQ 
reader, and jthe book is concluded with aa account of propo|f i% 
offered by varioufr pverions for redreHing this irreg^k^it|r• • 
. Book the third confiders the fecond conftitntiooal irrrgii1|K 
rlty in our parliaments, t;/z. tht ixcfjfivi Ur.gth of thiir ptrimL 
Here we are. reminded that parliaments were originally ennyM\ 
a brief hiftory is given of th& lengthening and {hortening^ of 
parliaments; examples are produced of feveral nations who 
have fliewn a fear of inveterate power, to which the ^c^raoiple 
of the Engliih is added as difcovering, in fome inftaaces, aa 
apprehenfion of danger from the fame caufe ; fome argumeatt 
are off$re4.y^ ^^!^ parliament^, and the two lad chapters treat 
of ixclufion by rotatiM^ and of ele&ing by ballot. 

The fourth book gives an account of the tStSi^ of the above, 
irregularities^ one of which is, that mtmben pf parliament m 
bnger hold timfelvis refponfibU ta the people. It is Aewn, that ^be; 
denial of fuch refponfibiliiy is a novel dodrinei and^ fcvqral 
s^guments are offered to prove that members o( parliament «r#> 
thus refponfibU* Aoother effe^ here , brought under review is, 
wtwarrantable privileges vffumed ly the boufe rf commons. ParHa* 
mentary privileges, and profecutions, it is argqed, have !beea. 
too genendly frivolous aiid linjuft. Excluding the "p^opUfrom tU 
bpufi of commons^ emdpunijbing tfjofe who puhlifi fpescbes mafU thire^ 
are particularly enquired iato isuid the book i3 finifbed b;a 
chapter on eMentees from th&hoafe, and members negleliing pur^ 
luinuntary bufinefs. 
, The lafl: book is intided Parliamentary Corrupthp. The ori-r 
gin, funds, and materials of corruption are fet before us ; cor* 
ruption in elections is reprefented i with ftatutes, refolutions, 
&C. againfl thefe proceedings $ and this volume is-^clpfed by ob- 
fervations on minifterial influence in the bolife. 

From this ihort account of the P^^^f our Readers will fofm 
fome notion of what is to be expe&ed from ^e performance. 
We ihall proceed to lay three or four exuads before them, 
which may give an idea in what manner the plan ia executed. 
The Writer^ view of government in general i^ thus reprefented : 
<. That government only can be pronounced coniUlent with the 
defign of all government, which allows to U^ governed tiie 

a likcng 



PoUticil pifqul/itim. VoUt 11^ 

liberty of doing what, confiftcntly with the general good> they 
may deiire to do, and which only forbids their doing the con- 
tnuv» Liber^ does npt exclude reffraint ; it only excludes iin« 
mfonablc reitraint. To. determine precifely how far ftrfonal 
liberty is compatible ynxiYLlht general good, and of the propriety 
•f /bcial condu£b in all cafes, is a matter of gteat* eixtent, and 
demands the united wifdom of a whdle people. And the rdir«' 
fent of the whple people^ as far as it can be obtaitied, is indif- 
peniably mcejforj to every law, bv whieh the whole peopU ard 
to be bound ; elfe the whole people ^ref enilaved to the one^ or 
^fiw who framed the laws for them. 

< Wect a icolotiy to emigrate from their native land, and 
6ttle in a new CQtmtrVy on what would they propofe to beftow 
dieir chief attention ? on fecuring'lhe bappinefs of the whole f 
or on the agfirandisement of the governor ? If the latter, all 
fionkiod womd pronounce tholli colpnifts void of common fenfe. 
But in every abfolute monarchy, the aggrandizement of the 
governor is die.fopreme object, and the happinefs of the people 
is to yield to iti VYere only a handfyi of friends to form them- 
fcives into one of tbofe little (bcieijes'we call clubs, what 
VooM be their objed? the advantage of the company, or the 
power of the ch^mah ] Very (hrewd was RumbaWs faying in 
Charlis IPs time, vi^. ^^ He did not imagine the Almighty in- 
loided, tiiat the greateft part of mankind ihould come into the' 
world with faddles on their bacles, and bridles in their mouths^' 
and a few readly booted' and fpurred t6 ride the reft to death/' 

From the view which this Writer takes of parliamentary 
itprefentation in Great Britain, he draws the following con* ' 
dufioa : * The Britafli government, therefore, taking it accord-, 
iog to its avowed ftate, is neither abfolute monarchy nor li- 
mked monarchy, nor ariftocracy nor democracy, nor a mixture 
of monarchy, itriftocracy, and democracy ; but may be called 
a ptochocraey (the Reader will pardon a new word) or govem-^- 
mcnt of begearsi For a few beggarly boroughs do avowedly^ 
tieft the moS important part of the government, the part which . 
cmnmaiuls the purfe. It is true, this is only the^ oftenfibld 
ftate of things*. The Britifh government is really ^jnntocracyi 
(I doubt the Reader will now think I ptefumeon his good na- 
ture) or government by a minifter and his crew. For the court 
dtrefia the beggars whom to choofe.-r-l8 this the univerfally 
admired and univerfally envied Britilh conftitution ? How nluch 
more proper would a petition have been from the friends of 
liberty to the King, to fet himfelf atthe head of a plati for re- 
Soring indtpeniintj to parliament, than petitioning him to dif* 
ibive that which was then fitting V 

That the Reader may judge for himfelf of the ihonftroua 
irre ularicy of parliamentary reprefentatiop, this Writer pro- 

I a ducea 



^bictt a vi^w of ^ as oiveQ by the Ictmed and lAorfou^ Ami 
WUUs^ Efq^ in his Am/* P^rSmrft. Ffomi whenife it ^ppaiL 
tbai^i * (s^Dg the whole repfefeouiiye 6r &«/A ai^ ml 
Britmthii^ nonbcrt for coju^t^s are palv 131 of the 5jt| « 
which |}K» 4Z are for it^ila^ and 0lt/si^ The iqtqtab 
t^figrfp^v, for fbc boi:om{bs and cinaue port^ whit^ qu^ m 
la& 9f)e ia ten GOai|ai^ wltb dioCc &ii[ the coonties^ tie ^ 
abovif Mir iiml^s ^s inam^ So ^bat for one n^fmbft 1^09 
he fofpolied lo cpme ^Ijr 10^9 the bou/i^ fpu^r {if n^e eiqe 
a few for tb? great cuiesj fice &nt bjr the poor^R pe^^i- 
reded by court induencey 

BeAdes th^ j;)equa|li|y of' r^eii^nta^po occ#£^ed b»lke 

boroughs (moft of whafe ^[tcrs 4^ i^QuId p^p;|bly>i 

great hl^^i^ to the public, l^ t^i^iptwayJiou^ Audior ^oafiki 

lyiother caufii of i^ u^ the follawiqg Daragnpb* <Iii fn^ 

tunes, when parliaments wpr^ j^ft eftab Kfhed^ ^Ms ^ ^ 

property but that of Jana. Therefore idlixwe^ aD4 dli 1^ 

aoursy were heaped on b^odeii men^^ T^ cooffyifnct wt% 

that tfae lan^ intereft ii^as top well nff^sfmt^^ to the fcciv 

nent (in oi^r tiipes] of the. mercanitile and mon^., yVi 9 

an occafion of various eifilst For numy of oui* coun^ |^ 

tlemen are but bad judgep of ^be ioiporu^ice oif the m^ccfQ^t 

iotmftf and do not wifely coafiik it 11^ their biH? a^ a^ CI 

this l^ind are the game^aoi the dog^^adf and taxes oa crei^ os^ 

ceflaty of Ufc^ which giv^oiir rivals in ^q^ a gre^t ad«a|i^ 

over us. And sunifiers^ to ciirij favour witn the I^n^ of <oi&f 

monSf ate tempbed to burden cjiynaittcp with taki9B« foe tjbj^CriB 

of eading^ landed interqft. ^ the art ^fi i^^* tt}'i^ 

purpofe, by propofing to eafe the land ojf one (hfUing oi^lfe 

povindt and laying a duty on fait for three years, \tq ouke if 

the deficiejEicy. It was oUeded to this pr9ppfal» that tbelUtP 

duty was always reckoned a grievous burden on the manofic' 

tunng poor, and. was therefore taken dSx V^^ ^^^ it fsw & 

ftraage paradox, that the landed gendemen were^^ir thiqi^ 

^fSTi and therefore in more ne^ of relief ftcim a hem to. 

it U the over^balance of die power in the hands 0!* the ondijl 

meii, that has produced the bounty on the exporUtioo of (^ 

wbidi increafies the manufa^hirer's expence or Iti^nigt and S^ 

courages, the exportation of our manufadures. Tbis is, mtke 

end, hurtful to the landed intertft. But fliort-fighted vi 

felfi0i men do not fee it in that light, nor will feem to ^Uukh 

Aand, that the land-tax, wixile nominally three flxillingsmtk 

pound, is no( really nine>penqe. The time was, whedtao' 

in England might have been ^urcbafed for a 50th part df^ 

pieient value. What has given it the 49 parts addi^bes 

^ Pi*. Cm, vii. 285* 

jrortnf 



^l^mth t Ohi my one ftns^ine, the difference is ihf^xng to waf 
ihing belt car tnule and mimrfadareS ^ — ^The iittereft of mer- 
cbmt$ is to much tbe interdft, of tbe natidn, that there tan 
h»rdl]r be too Aumy merchants in parliament. TheLondoil 
flKinten almoft afways vote on the fide df Irheity. Itisbb* 
leAed^ tlMt each iherchant ^11 pfobabljr vote in (^arHatneht for 
lAat 18 moftfor the advantage df his ^wh {particular branch. 
TVtfe. Thcreferc leta.coniiderable number 61 mercfaants al« 
vayaiiave fents m the houfe, and tbeh all different interefb 
will be confiilted. It baa llkewife been argued, that met- 
^aiits are bad menibers^ becaufe they are liable to be influ-- 
eaeedl ia faveur of the comt by government contrafi^. But 
bere ftffia comes in my oUervatton concemhtg partM refbr* 
matitms^ Corre& the other abufes, ant! cotirt influence will 
become impoffible.— As to the nibnied inteilefl, if the public 
debts are not to be pard-, or (omt fubftantial fecurity found for 
Ihem^ it would be very propbr thaft the monied intefeft (as 
fbch) jhould have teprefentatidn in parliament. £lfe, tirhat 
ibcnrity bave we that a profiigate c6urt will mit fliut up the 
Excheoqer, as Cbarks n. did, and obtain by corrupt means 
tfte fencHon of parliament For the meafure ? It is indeed alledged, 
I that tbe mercantile, manuTadural, and monied intertfts are re* 
I prtfented by the members for the cities and boroughs. But this 
! is nothing to the parpofe ; becaufe the quali&cacion required 
I h always to b^ in land.' 

r On this fubjeA rfhoAqnati repre^dtioin^ out Author is led 

: to fcpftfhend one of our mdft emmenc law-writers, who not- 

withftanding his great Icnowtedge and abilities, has in Tome in* 

fiances expofedhimfelf to defervedcenfure. Mf therefor^,' it 1^ 

cMenre^, « JndgeJblackftone did, at the time he wrote tbe i7ad 

page of tfte fim vol. of bis Cmmntarus^ recoiled the miferable 

, late of teprefentation in our times, it is inconceivable how he 

could bring himfelF to write as he has done. ** Only fudi am 

cnciitly excluded from votinjg for members,** fays he, *^ as can 

I blve'iio will of their own" (mtkning poor und dependent peo- 

J^ #itt6itt pn^rty). * There is hardly a free agent to bd 

I fedadi but wnit is entitled to a vote in fome place or other in 

I Ihe kfngdddh" t>id th^ teamed Judge cdnfider, what he him^ 

' feif baa tAfetved^ that the borough-members are four times as 

nOSudi o us as tb^ couoty'^membeh ; that a few thouiand of 

cb SOiH fend bi the niajority of kfae troufe s that in many placet 

ft! laifU tSfUftto fends m as tnany members as the great and 

fk I MttAty Of Krf, or tity oT i^otf Did the learnt Judgjft 

ice fiifer thelb fliocking ablbrdities, and monftrous difpropbr- 

tit iai t>iriiid be coifider tihe alarwir^ influence the court has in 

tM IflliaeBt, wbed %e ^rroke what fellows, vt%. *< If aiiy altera- 

ti« a oi%bt be wtbed, or foggdldl^ fai (he piefetat frftifle of par^ 

I 3 Ukmentf 



liaroent^ it (hould be in favour of a more conplclis 
tation of the people ?" What, are we to be put <^irilii a cdj 
Jf'xti a cafe where our country lies bleeding to death ? ** If Mf 
;Ut€ration might be wifhed" — Let us go on then, and ra|E» ^jftlie 
deliverance of ourfelves and our pofterity from deftruAionnvgk 
be wifbed ; if apy alteration of what might bring us to ruin 
might be wiflied — any alteration from a mockery rather tfaa 
the reality of reprefentation,— «any alterauon from 300 pla<;ema 
and penfioners fitting in the houfc of commons, — any alcm- 
tion from a corrupt court's commanding the majority of the elec- 
tions into the houfe, and of the votes, when in it, — any alte- 
ration from the parliament's becoming a mere outwork of tk 
court— If it is, at laft to be doubted, whether the faviog of oor 
country is to be wifhed, what niuft become of us ? Had a back* 
neyed court-hireling written in this manner, it had been so 
matter of wonder* fiut if the moft intelligent men in the ca- 
tion are to endeavour to perfuade the people that there is hardly 
room for a wifh, that there is fcarce any thing capable of alte- 
ration for the better, (the Judge's four volumes are a conuooej 
panegyric) at the very time when there is. hardly any thing ia 
the condition it ought to. be in, at the time when ^e ha^s 
upon us every fymptom of 4 declining ftate, when we are fioi:- 
ing in a bottomlefs gulph of debt and corruption, the fpirit d 
the conflitution gone, the foundations of public fecurity &iken, 
and the whole fabric ready to come down in ruins 00 our henis, 
r-if they who ought to be the watchmen of the public wal' 
fjire thus to damp all propofals for redrefs of grievances — ^o 
fes fumma hco ? In what condition \% this once free and vii* 
fuous kingdom likely foon to be ?' 

PoSibly our Author may be thought, by fom^, to bear rs- 
ther too hard on the learned civilian, as to the particular paf- 
fages which are here cited, though there are others which no 
doubt give occafion for rebuke ; efpecially as he appears to 
(acknowledge^ very coolly indeed, that fome alteration might be 
inade for the better ; and he is fpeaking perhaps of original coo- 
^itutions, and not fo much of the prefent corruption and abuie 
of them. However, it is not generally \,o be expeded, or ii 
perhaps feldopn found, that gentlemen of the law are thorough 
friciids to liberty ; they are fo confined by the forms and mlo 
of their profe^on, and fometimes it may be, by other cQiifi«l^- 
ations, that they do not examine always ^ccordinff to th^ direc* 
|ion pf reafofi and humanity : tthough as men ofieamiogs aid 
pf fenfe ^njd virtue, they ought to be fuperiof to tbefcfhadjdes. 
From this Writer^s arguments for Shortening the duradoo c( 

ffarlianr^ents, let us infert the foUowii^ lines : * Length of ps^' 
igtnent de(lroy$ all refponiiblJlty, maikes our delegates ofiriD>- 
j^ersj^ and ere^s them into an auguft aflembl^, w|^>°^ we ai4 



PoSlUal bt/qutjkiom. Vol. I. 115 

hot approach but In the humble guifc of petition,— With what 
honeft views' can the court defirc long parliaments ? Parlia- 
roeritarv' flaverjr is flower, but {uxtt^ x\izn quo warrantosy and 
the other opptcffivc afts of tyranny, which alarm the people, 
tindtiefeat themfelvcs.— All wife nations, and all gooJ princes, 
have approved of frequent meetings with their parliamenis and 
diets. Our Edwards and Henries often put a (top to Lhe courfc 
tf thciif viflories' to meet parliament. The Spjniardi were pe- 
leulidrly cautibus about the frequency of their uate meetings, — 
i}nFra^ciy under CloDh^ Pepirty Charlemagne^ Capet ^ and his fuc- 
]e^rs 'for ages, the meetings' of the ftates were chcnftieJ. 
ikiJt/is XL and moft df his fucceflbrs, have promoted a contrary 
fcheme of government without the people. The confcquences 
have been continual infurrcftions, tumults, and leagues, ' ■ ■ 
"The length of parliaments dejeds the fpirits of tlie few patriots 
^Atcf are ftill left. At the fitting down of a new parliament, they 
Idfe all hope of redrefs for many years ; and the depreflion of 
their courage is the triumph of the court, and gives them oppor- 
tunity for rivetting the chain — JValpole^ A, D. 1735, when the 
houfe was moved about fhortening parliaments, faid« It would 
be dangerous ; for that it would make the government demo- 
cratical, by giving fa3ious men too much game to play; This 
-tras truly fralfdlidhy that* is, jefuiticaj. In whofe hands ought 
'-chc power to be i Ih thofe of 'a corrupt court ? Will it be fafer 
there than in the hands of the oridnal proprietors, I mean the 
p^ple ? Is the Cbuft likely to confult the people's intereft with 
fnore diligetK:e 'and fidelity than the people themfetves ? l^he 
^cftfrt may be rich; though th^ nation be ruined. But if tht 
natiofi be ruined, what b to beconte of the people ? 

1*1 the fame chapter our Author reafons in this manner: 
* Many writers lay great ftrefs on I know not what imaginary 
'^langer from unbalancing the power of the three eftates. For my 
part, I own I am fo dull, that I can fee but one danger refpeft- * 
4ng the interior of the kingdom, viz. the danger of the people^s 
(>oing enflaved by' the fervants of the crown. Suppofc the pow^r 
•of King and Lords diminifhed to what, degree the Reader 
pleafes^; if the people of projjertyin general were free and 
happy, could the King and Lords be unhappy? Would the 
King and the Lords have juft rfeafon to complain if they wei^6 
happy i Does any friend to hilj fellow-creatures wi(h the King 
and Lords t^ poflcfs powfer for any other purpofe \h^nx\\t gene^ 
^at hajjpitiefs ? Can ^t not icfiaglnfe a ftate, in which the people 
might be very happy, in which Kfng and Lords pofTeQcd much 
left poifvcr than* they do 10 this dountry? "Can We Abt imagine 
••-yery happy ftate, 4n which there was neither King nor Lords ? 
What is the- flee^ty of a c)^Hk on the power of the Commoas 
}»y King and Lords ? Is there any fear, that the Commons be 

•-k I ^ UQ 



sap PoliMl tiifymJUkm. yd. 4* 

tMfret to *conruk the ffeneral good \ M«ft tlie-i . 

of the people be checked and clogged in fronotiag tfar ii 

of their conftituenu \ If there be not ibrne necefitf lbtf-fM% 

(w%)db to meieemj as rational as to %« tfacre ought ^-tetjl 

ch^l^ to prevent individuals ftocn being too healdiyi or to^ 

virtuous) I cannot fee the folidity of that realpotog which. iiff 

to great flr^G on the ncccflhy of a bidance, or eqaality of power 

among the tbfcc cltate9,or indeed (Ipocuhitivelyor theosctioalfy 

fpcakjng) of a necefBty of any more ^fi4U$ than one^ vi|s. a» 

adequate reprefentation of the peopK uaokecked and- uoiaAu* 

enced by any thing but the commoa imorcftf and that tlKjr 

appoint retponfible men for the execution of the lawsviado If 

them with the general approbatioo* Yet bmit writers ^ wm 

fmatl note affca: to regret the fiqppoied weaknefs of the Crowa 

and boufc of Lords^ when (et againft the Coonaoiis, hr«atfft 

the latter commajidts the purfe. ^^ The King's legiflatiycy n f li> 

f^ys my cilecmcd frlenJ Mr^ Hum^ \% no check to 'that of iM 

Commons.'' And wl^, I pray you, fltould it be « cbeuk? 

iVgain, *< Though the King has a negative » the f^ffi^g ef 

laws; yet this, in fad, is efteeitied of fo little inoMMnt» dut 

vrhatever is voted by the two houfes is (ure^ to be pifled infet 

a law, and the royal aflent is little better than a nwre imm^ 

^bat wouK) thisgentleonan have? Ought a King, a fingle im- 

Jimdualy or a han^id of lords, to liave thefowcr. ^fl4tppmg-^bt 

>u&nefs of the whole Britifii empire according to their •eaprtei^ 

or their intcrefted views, whofe iotereft m^ often be ifo%iflod 

by thcmfelves at kaft} to lie yprj wide c^ the gaoend weri ? 
.' can fee very clearly the ufe cfa check on the power 4^ m 
King or Lords ; but I own I have no GO«6epti|o|i of t^ adtan-' 
iage of a check on the power of the4}eopIe, or thtir^ncottiipt 
«r unbiased reprefen'tatives. The fame eminent wf iter ieeiBB 
jjtp think a certain competent degree of court-inSue^ce hy 4figm 
jtieceflary. For my jMrtt I look on every dq^ree^ great or (aM% 
Vi>f ininifterial power in parliament ai a deadly foifon kiM 
Viuls of the conftitution, which muft bring on Its dei^roAloo** 

' if any part of the above paragraph iivours o^repuMieui prin- 
ciples, we txvuft ftill reineaU>er this Writer's decbratioa^ al- 
scady quoted, in favour of our firlUlb ooo^itation* An avowwl 
enemy indeed lie is to mioi^ial Jii^uetice t and perfona wlK^ 
coolly cbnfidbr the ficu^uioo in things ateb^uf at ^thiadsMFr wilt 
lio doubt iS^e' there is fuJkicnt reafon to firar andcattliUtiii of 
it. 'Could th^e betound a man, or a ^et of nien^ who wtae 

CrfeSlr wife and good, almoil any fio^ of Mvernmciit m^t 
dire&ed to retidttf a people b^^ppg^. But m the pre&M r^ 

• Qgcea £/«tfi«^ i^cdtd 40 bUs, aad VSa^WiUf^tU,^ 

r..:... ^ 



i 



PtlUUth.D!Mifi0H Vffl. J. 

' * % 

f4timifAnA% wtare hiMaw mukti^h and Ihulty^Aioft, ih ^we 
m4kaMiNP^^<MMr itfelf^ ifitecaftii0ttM»t regard f he £ng>. 
liSh c^kirtMwa^ who* riglitily mddiied and f^afnaged, aa bear- 
^4he fiiQft.fiitf#iimUe afpeft t<iwaid the puUic H^lfare. 
y^ J^i9ff9fms of anMBl fafliamcftti,' iddaour poltttditi, 

f^mm tlMry l|MBnl«r«K» that the treaties of Bnti^ny aod Tr^;)^! 
Jirtre (oai||q)«uM^«M the viAodes of Cr^fy and Agincmrt gained^ 
jiiiidec thcMlj^ioes of anavali ^arliamencs i On the contrary^ 
** it ia^cr^g^ bymojr, (ikys the author df Pr*/: I* Fragm, 
^4fyk^) tbH: the liqKtDtttal M, ji* D* 1716, wai the fevcreft 
4kih m.libartk* of the paciple of Engi^ind ever Ttccived,^^* 
l^^itkiiMhAfcJiliddowfi for a maKim, that if hingi were rf** 
ftMmn iD^thfiff JBieifurea of admiiviiiration, fubjefti would be 
jf^f^td0$ %A lit^..6htdi^^ Our kings have it in their own 
^iiUblato.pQSverlotfe the luakuta prodigious fervice. The King 
!mD difidJhre.ererytMHdiainenc at'ihe cud' of the firft fefflon; 
.«4uch fPOnU laake pvUammti^ anmitK *Btft this Would be ap^ 
Myin( ;^cvrijg'«flw'ta tbe.ad4raB«ige^ of the fe^pUy where kiDgs 
genemly think it is intended for ibdr advantage, and to keep tTfe 
.jpa^ dotrm^Tbe «ihre nedtciag of pafliameiita to triinnial^ 
-k< bmjAf t voTv .pictial tOMK&icn.. 'It 4a only ftoppfng on'e 
leak in m* I^or 'faippofiflgvparliaAonta'w^re tiiefitiial, fo lortg 
as a foivithoiilaAda (tnliiaad ioif fmany hundred thoufands) jiavt 
i^fonerrof ididiiig in a ^onty of die hoafe, it wiH be fti 
Che power ti thfc Trea&iiy aoioBaence oledions* And fo lon^ 
as thero ta no |>eotky fiDr fitting in the honfe of ooitimona) and, 
ot ibe 'feme tioifi^.eojoyiag a place, or pearfion, fo long thefe 
^lb«4aogftr, kftthevotos of the tntMherr %& inlloenced by 
^a-ccvnipt^iOiirt. And ib long as the fame faidhridttala n^ay be 
ji^niriiid'^aia and again, wiihootnetfffity of ««v^^iy r^Ai- 
titUj folaHgit mnil be worth. thonmiMm^ ^ile to influendle 
. ahe^iy ond i«ovth their Mlak to Mbe their deftors. But if par- 
liainpnftft'wcte ahonal with exchifion hy^fe/tation, if the power 
pf.eMUng were.lrquallyJiftrtbatod, a^ tt nought to be, among 
liRaitof(pfopcct)i^ /fo that aoone ^iMMtber totAA be eleded by 
,fewiy thitfi o najoridy of fiootoiesf Md if no member eooM 
' hold a phu^, or penfioo^ while he iat in tbehduie of commena, 
jipdec a fcy e rt p e n a l t y — if ail thefe reftorationa oT the cohfti- 
toaioo wdte-bMNigbt about, f ^11 engage, that tourt-influenee 
iflciiarfiaanontJh^t) %e «inj^4^i^.' 

Without fiarthep remarksj'lKrt fhlll btily add a few lines from 
!<tke cdnekrfbn of the y^otti^i 

, .^EiomaahieeoaMetixioh ^ what thia Mi volume alone 

^ i jt^Aitt\ wbhh ia but a fictfaH ^art of the public abufe^ of the 

iliaopea, ^pry thoughtful readelr WBI fee gteat rekfOH t<ii itm and 

.:'' • • i . . • , 



apDr«berriioa»« The tioie to pieveiit pubfie dHbfdtrtf *fa^ thw^ 
betorc the difocdcrs begin. ThQ begiankig of pOUfe diJbrden, 
.we have reafon to apprehaui, will be a dimifiudoii'or 'die value 
of ftocks. It h the ioDortft of every man in ^e*^Briiifb eropife 
to- prevent this diminution. The means of ^cvHIiifg k ait, 
aflbcUtion) for fupport of. public credit. ^ A modd for thcli 
aifoctations,. we have by looking back CO- the-%ran(a&ioid 

^of the year 1745- Public credit cannot fiiikv if the- natioa 
unites in fupporting it 1 and the time for this anion i#^ Now, be- 
fore it begins to totter. Should* it even be found (iirhMh God 
forbid) that the ufual ways and means are likely » Mlfough fai- 
lure of. commerce;, &c. to comeihort of a fufficiency fbr paying 
the public creditors their fuH dividend, Enghmd has ftill greater 
refources untouched, a^ taxing all legacSn, left by othen than 

' parents, hulband^, and wives, introducing by degre^s^Sif 'MatA. 
J>ukn\ method of taxation, and leflfeaing bydi^nM th(6 num- 
ber of otir ppeient tax-gatherers, reducing the devouring army, 
taxing faddle^borfes, and other articles^ of luxury, and lk\ pub- 
lic diverfions, reducing, the enormous- number, and rett^nching 
the exorbitant incomes of places, &c. of all which more fUly 
hereafter. . .... 

« May a beam of cdeftial light, diveded by ^u^ efiea- 
cjous voice, which of old faid, L^ there 4>e liRht^ krudiate the 
mind of Him whom divine providence hath placed fitpfeme in 
the government of this great empire ; that he may fee the things 
which belong to his and the nationV peace, before they be for 
ever hid fron) his eyes. And, when guided by that heavenly 
light, he fets himfelf at the head of a plan for reforming thefe 
and the other abufes, which are the diTgrace, and naturally 
tend to bring on the ruin of the ftate, may he find his people 
.willing to fecond thofe views, the execution of which will ob- 
tain for bim the moft illuftrious of all tkles, vhL. father oPhts 
.country, afid will make Britmn the glory of all lands.' « 

In this pious and benevolent wi£,* we are periiiadihl eveiv 
friend to Britain^ and every loyal fubjed to his Majefty, will 
unite wi:b the worthy Author:— to whofe public fp'nrited dif- 
po&tion this country has 4>een obliged (if we are not mifin- 
formed) for various literary communications, at various times, 
refpeiting our civil and religious liberties. 

Art. Vm. Mtnry the Zicond ; sr, ihi F0U rfR^Mumd: A Tn^«iy; 
as it is performed at the Theatre- Royal. Covent«Garden» Written 
by Thomas Hull. Svo. i s. 6 d. BelL 1774* 

WE honefily acknowledge fh^t we find ourfdves difpsfed 
to treat Mr. Hull with fomewhat of riie candour and 
partiality of an old acquaintance : we mean, that having been 
accu^gmed for ituny years to fee bini on the fiage, wlnre he 

f ulbuns 



t^trj tbi Sa^i ik Tragedy; uf 

f«ifta|os.a.«trI^ty of pMt with that iooffeafii^^^icceticf ivhicii 
conciliar^s a kiinl of good wUl,— *aiid having ^always heard that 
. in private life be is a mpdeft» .fenfible, and Aiendly man>*--wB 
.therefore received his tragedy ia; a difpc^tkm to ierve: bim as 
much as'poffible with the Public : confiftentljf with our regard 
to juftice,, and to the charader of our own work* : f > 

T|ie occafion of his adventuring as a tragic poet, he thus tp^ 
Jates in his preface: * In the Summer of the year 17619 Mr. 
JSbenftone had been prefent at the performance of a hafty ake*- 
ration of Mr^ Hawkins's tragedy of Heniy and Rofamond, which 
I produced at the theatre at fitrmin|ham9 for the temporary ufe 
of a particular friend* , Undigefted and imperiicA as it was» 
^at excellent judge faid, there was a patlkis in the ftory; 
whichy.notwithftanding the.deft£b of the drama, made there* 
prefentation very pleafing. And he fignified kisi wonder, that 
fuch an afiedtng and popular tale fhouid not have found its way 
to the ftage. Hence arofe many converfations on the fubjed) i 
all which terminated in his advifing me to niaki tbeftorj my otun. 
The known kindneis of his hearty perhaps, gave me credit 
for greater abilities than I really poffefled. . He continued t<^ 
encourage me with a warmth which flatters me in the recolko*^ 
tion ; and, after I had left Warwickihire,. obliged me with bm 
veral letters, to the fame putpofe, which I fiiil preferve as va^ 
luabli rtUas! 

W^ _have a great opinion of the mor^ charader and fine 
tafie of Mr. Shenftone; and what Mr. Hull fays of him, does 
honour to his own heart : but Sbenftone's turn was not to the 
fublime: he loved to faunter in fhady groves f to, repofe oa 
molTy banks ; to breathe his tender complaints among his (e« 
Cjueftered grots ; or to be foctthed to reft by his murmuring 
rills. There never lived a man, whofe opinion of ^elegies and 
paftorals we ihonld have preferred to Mr. Shenftoonre's ; but we 
ihould not have been difpded to pay him the fame refpedl in 
tragedy. 

Mr. Shenftone*s death made Mr. Hull lay afide his plan ; and 
he refumed It on the following occafion : ^ Mrs. Hartley's arri<^ 
val, fays he,- at Covpdt- Garden theatre, and the warm folicita- 
tions of afrjend, induced me, once more, to refume ,the de« 
^ign. The happy fukabili^ (if I may be afiowpd the phrafe) 
of her figure, to the defcription of Roiamond^ as mav be found 
in Dr. Percy's amufing and inftruAiye coUc^ion 6f old BalCUsy 
yoL ii. p- 137; vii. 

Her crifped lockes, like threads of goId#| 

Appeared to each man's fight ; 
Her fparkliire eyis, &e» &c. 
fiffifted by the foftneis and gentleneCs of her deffleanoiir, encou- 
raged me at length to inake the attempt \ a<td the univerfal ap* 

probation 



fS4 MKyia^&aW^aTtaBtdfk . 

perfonauiott on the firft repiefiuiutiM of tbk piofy 4Mppitf 
cmvinced ai^ I vru mt fingitlsr itt ^ opinum.' 

We are alwtys fnwifinig to pdt my judgamttliat mqr it 
idl injure a fomn in the pro fafi a n hj nrfiich he is ftppottadi 
or from which he derives his rqnAitfon. Mrs. Hordty^ btk 
aaj u e aian ot in RoTaaieiid was vnucfh ik eh%rader ; iovefy^ -and 
jd^Aing : but when &e fpoke, fome kihd of diiroi feenied m 
taeak, tad the rmghneis of faer voite, and o had method c^ar^ 
aicalatini; her Wotdi» made Ub think oo more of Roiamoodv 
Imt of liOT* Hafdeyi whofe fanhl we forgave fdr Ae heaoty cC 
her appearance. We sfiippofe. thiiiAi^ the |idMml caife of the 
faoufk ; otod weod^mre oor opioioo in oppcmion to Mr, Hldl§ 
Slot to mjore lliis agreeable aOreft^ bat to have an oppoitimity 
of fignifjing oor ^^nbes^ that Ike wotdd pot herMf onder the 
care of feme peribtt who Woold affift her in oorreftlng hereoiec^ 
and improving facr mahner of %cakinc. 

Mniinll^ in this tragedy^ has ^hered with mnoh fidelier 
to the popular tak. of HeniV and Rbiamood, which is fe wdU 
known to aU oiA Keadiers, that we need not eive them theSoiy 
<ff the play. They will be able to judge of Mr« Holt's •riMiitiQl 
SI a wiirnr by the feUown^ fcene : 

A c T in. 

ROSAMOND Ji^ownd wiUnt. ETHEUNDA AMoni^n 

|U)sirifON D. It IS in vahi-^^^^itiy dtmbiitiff hands deiT^ 

Their wonted office* ^^" itiy diflhafted mind 

Revblvel a ^eoftiiid ptof^i^ fo regma 

Its taniih'd peace; ifttailhytani«e«ode 

My 6cUe efforts ; hJris she hKid vapoorsy 

Which lift faoceffive in a imiiaer*s &y. 

And coort oor obfervationj) yet are loft, 

Bre 'Fancy caa affign tkam name or ibape. 

Loft in the ipde ex^anfe. Ah me ! how weakv 

How iafuftdei^t to its own defires^ 

It the poor hfeaft i0rti!ch honour hath deierted! 
BTntiRDA. Say, is it oi^ght ihy fti'vant can dimun|^f 

She wiAes to itHet^ thy Woftf and ^MMs 

Thy every fang» 
Itos* Thy ^PiipiMiiaiog heart 

Hath oft coafol'd me, fofteaM the m^deheae i 

Of bitter reieoUedSoa, aadmeU'd 

Encroaching ag^y-^^-^My Haarygave thao 

A Servant to my nfef but ihy mild aauue, 

So*ill adiQpied'tD the lowly ftaie • 

Wherein thy bt was caft, tai^ me ta chaifge 

Hiat lervile title for the name of Friend, 

8t9# 



StR* Gife me tluit dEce how, aad 1^ mfi fMlk 

JLoiii I know Bot what I aeta. 

' la vtiii, du 1 ih^ fttiircs to plea^ hrd^^Ifi^ j 

Wko htth offi^Ad^ Vict.ii|i. Oi^ tha p s^per 
I wifh'd tp pooriay 4oty to my faKhcr,^ 
Implore his dear ^^ijiveneis, beg Qne„bieffinjjN| 
Ere m lie lleep m j^ajoe-^Oh, RoftinonoT . 
Well naft thou ^kel for in the ^rave dene 
dan CHtbrd reft.*^— -Peace and repofe on earft 
Thine impious offi^ces have deny'd hm* 
Ere this, ^rfiape^ he u lud Low in diill, 
And hit laft hoOrt were charg'd with grief a&d (hame* 

Btr. Hopeb^Qj^j mj'^ niiflrer» ^ raife chy thoughta 
From the dark mu^^gs oFdcf^Qdene woe. 
To thefe bright iienes of happioefs and jt>y, 

pjoi, I have no title to them ; theie bright fcenei 
May give d^ight ^unpolluted breaR;, 
Biit not to mine ! Xiie charmefj Happine&» 
Hath lonff deferted me ; with her lov'd mate. 
Seraphic Innocence^ flic wingM her HigbCt 
I fear, for evei^— This rctir'd abode. 
Graced with each oq^ament invenuve Fancy 
Can fami(h» to allure th' admiriag eye, ^ 

8enrei but to l^ng roe detpcr with reuioffei 
Uppn ipy cheek ii|)^rint a. ftronger dov^ 
Of confcious (hame, refld$l|pg on &c caqfe* 
T^ wretched canfe/ that brpught me to their vi^Wt 

%TB% Theib are the di^ate^ of deforming ^Ic,en> 
That to the low deieded mind prcfents 
Falfe and diigfijftfol objir^f l|enry*s at>fence 
Is the fad fonrce that calH tUs mournful gloom 
On all around .2 three days hav^ UQw. el^s'd 
Unmarked bj hi^^d M>v« » wh^a he.^jrive^. 
The bow'r, the gr<>ves« wiU weay ^ faicer a4>eay 
Arid all be drefsxl iu beaqty avd dislightt 

Hot* ^Tis trnoj I try toi wear ^^ &ai)e ofjox 

In my dear conqueror's (ight : nayj I do wear U | 
My heart acknowledges the fofl delight 
His prefence gives. Had I not lov'a too well, 
I liadtiol been this wMichK-My foul doan on him ! 
iiivtitelwhistookB; <Why.^waathcnQt 
. Byvfott onfafn^d fomr^mlhic viUager* 
4#d I the mi&m>b of a neighbom^^t^ 
That we had m^t, as bapnv< aqua|s do*. 
And liv'd in pleafures nnaUay'd by gujOit ! 

|||ti|;i Yet to engage the dearji. the. t^fidpr hourly 
Which royal Henry fpares.from (>ubCq toils; 
To caH that heart your own, which all a^e 
To Mve and honour; feaft upon thofo finiles^ 
VMAmiUMmtfighfor . 



l5 j 'liemj thi Seconds a Tragedy; 

Ros, Oafe^ my Etkenndk ; 

Thou knotv'fl not how jhy. words a^£l my breaft* 
Think not, though falPn from Innocence, my mind *^ 
Is callpds to the feelings of Homanicyt / 

Of Trtoth, or Juilice. • I rcflca full ofr, : 

Ev'n in my happieft moments, there Hves one 
Who has a right to Henry's every hour, ^ 
Each tender vow, and each attractive fmile ; f 
I know it, and condemn my feeble heart, ^ , 
F^r yielding to deflres all moral laws 
Forbid, ^d in- bom reafon difapproves. 

Eth» You (chool yourfclf too harlhly. 

Rol» Oh, notfo! 

I have much mor* to bear, fhave not yet - . 
Leam*d the great doty Expiation claims : 
To part, my Ethelinda.. 

Eth. Fart ! from whom ? 

R0S5 From Hfenry — from tlie monarch of my hearC i 
My wilhes' lord, my all of earthly blifs ! 
Thoti marverft at my words — but it muft be 5 
It is the fole atonement I can make 
To a fond father's woes, his injur'd fame, * 
The tarni(h*d glories of a noble line. 
The royal "fekanor's infulted rights. 
And nty own confcious, felf-arraigning heart. 

Eth* Oh ! do not flatter that fond heart with hope 
Of fttch exertivc power ! Beneath the trial, 
'Yoor (Irength would fail, your rcfolution dro<y f 
Yonxould not yield him up. ,, * 

Ro9* By my warm hopes 

Of mild remiilion to my great offences, 

I feel my bofom equal to the ta(k. 

Hard as it is ; fo Henry left me not 

In anger or unkindnefs, but refign'd me. 

With the dear care of a protedling friend, ... 

To the foft paths of penitence and peace, 

I would embrace the torment it entail'd^ ' . * ^ 

And blefs him for each pang. 

Eth. Behold he comes !— - * *' 

The Reader will obferve that Mr. Hull has fticceeded in feme 
meafure in the iimpiicity at which he has aimed, but fais abilities 
are not equal to his undertaking. He wants the vigouit and fire 
of a genius. There is, therefore, too great an unifbrmitv in the 
tone of all his fentiments. Moft people will think tbat'hb play 
wants buiinefs ; but we imagine that its principal recommen- 
dation is the fimplicity of the tale. His charaders are not fof- 
ficientfy marked. They are all people in diftrefs, and they tell 
their grievances much in the fame manner. Shakefpeare's cha- 
raders are^irdiftinguilhed as they are in nature j and diis u the 
aroatart and bufinefe of a dramatic writer* 

Mi. 



' MrtHullV m&lal i ty is generally uDcxccptionabk $ btitweap^* 
prekendtbae^tbrgreacmorai of the play is notobvio«i$, if it- 
is good» It ii eyidently the author's intention that, iti the Ian* 
eotge:of « good buUnina^ weJbMd bve every ibifyc^ Some reafon^ 
SiouIdhaVe b^e^affigncdto-excdfe the connexion between Henry 
and RofinnoQdy and to oieate^n the fpedator a regafird for botb> 
snftead of taking for eranted, as the Author does, that the fp^^' 
tatorbas^tiiit ce^aro. Thisr foult is not imnfediately fek bjr^. 
thoft of att.'£nghflii audience^ *\vhb are already ^repoflefied in* 
tBeirfivoarr bcMJa ftranger* tp^ the common - bsdlad of Henrjr 
and Rofamo'iid might be greatly offended at this negled, and 
not bedifpofedio think > favourably of the fcope Md deflgn of 
tbepioce^ in % moraLview.^' ^Tbe good fehtimenta and maxims* 
which ir4BCuldtteS9 afe aHo feebly exprefled. The following 
is .loery uoe and'iinportaht s ' bat loies its efie£H)^ the feeblends 
of the pbrafeolDgy t 

T&e ninfd that feels its oWn demerits 
* Needs no inflt^on^romf another^ tongue." * 

We are glacTto fee* that the Author has attended to tbe ad- 
vice of his fi'iehd^ and not put Clifford to death, a§ he did in 
the fixii reprefentatioij ♦• We were much interefled^ in the laft ^ 
moments of Rofamond % and Clifford comes in, and fails down 
flap on the Ilage. Mr. Hull intended to break our heartsj; but' 
he cured us even of our concern for the unhappy Fair, and. 
we^all burft Into alaiigh. ^ ' 

This play has fome merit as a fimplc and ^iffefling ftory,"* 
rather patherically told. With all its dcfe<Ss, we think \t^ 
may contribute' to the entertainment of the Public, and hop^, 
it will redound to' the advantage and credit of the Authon . 

♦ This play was firft afted for the Author's benefit, in May, 1773. ' 

Art. IX. F^t& Tra^i, tegtther *witb Tixtc Sermews, em PoUticMl and 
. Cemmera'ai Suljeas. By Jofiah Tucker, D; D. Dean of Glocefler« 
6to. 3s. fewed. Riviogton. 1774* 

A MONQ the various literary charafters by wjiom the pre- ' 
jr\. fent age is at once adorned and beneficed, the Dean of J 
Glocefter is not the lead confpicuous. But although by pro^ 
feflion a divine, he is, perhap/s, better known by his political ^ 
and cemmercial than by his religious writings : s^ cifcumfiance ; 
which he feems, hlmfelf, to apprehend (as we gather from the 
preface to the publication before us) may have proved, in fome ^ 
meafure, and with fome perfons, difadvantageom to his clert^ 
cal reputation. < I have, fays he» been repeatedly accufed of 
having made the whole of religion to confift in the promotion 
and exteniion of commerces orj in other words,, of maiif^ 

traji 



9t^t^vm mcrrcM^ttc or ibr gf»a^ ouMfiimimi i0M;mAM 

f^fion 918 a^ dmM : ^ itM tHMrinp (Mkatbd t«Oi modi rf hit/ 
tioM to tile ftiiil)i> oC coaimecc^ br bath ibamMUj natf^Qp^ 
t^ <Hiltivate ihtfi^ (cicaces which more, inkmodiaftely bcraig ta 
his clerical profeffiM*' To* thftfo chawgcf^. fini! thQXM^ ^ h 
fiand MUTi 1 and l^a mf 4pJbgf,fntlJu Gburekaf Ayfa^^iv^ 

now before the Public, let the impartial judge Jut (heji pi^fc** ' 
With refped to any charge^ of a:dcS£i(»f7 in B^wt of rcli- 
gtoua knowledge^, bK>Mg^ agsuA^^ Authqi 5^.lMi| Tra^ 
w^ ihall on]y<£fenre, that,,-— in our qpiniQi^^i| WQutibeoMidv 
for the honour of the divines of this cou9tjry, i( the. gen^CTQt]^ 
of them, who prefume to ftaiid focth ais, Ct^raj^, djC^pdjers of 
the fiiith and dodrines of our fcvttvX churches,, wei« ^gj^^lbA of 
&i^ the learning^ abilities^ and. candour, whiciv thi$ ioffcn^QiMh 
Writer hath maiiifefted} in the publicauqns ^t^p wb;ch,n(l^ac||| 
referred as above — with the modeily w,bi9.b> ^v^ ?qcQnpaoiai, 
good fenfe, and real merit«^ 

The firft of thefc Trads is intended, asi an mtrodudion (oi 
tbofe which follow it — to ferve as the bq^ oa whicb the fiie* 
ceeding arguments are founded. I^ is ehtitle^,^ 

• Tbi great ^ifiion re/olved^ Whither a rieh XZounfry earn fimJ m" 
Cmpiftftipn-'with a:t$9r€»HMtn (oCeamA i^UttrM A4i a mtag tsJ, imrmf* 



imgtf Frovifans^ andCheafnifs of Manuf azures T^^Wit bJi uta^U j 
fereneet and DeiuSUns^ 

Dr. Tucket iets out with remarking that *\X hail heek a. notkn 
unimrfaUy xsceiyed* chat trade and man^i^aiesr ^^ left zxJmBM^ 
hirtyy will always defcend fjoom a richev to & poorer* ftate; fiune* 
what in the (ame, manner a« a ^tvfi, of water b^9 bpm hifjaia tp 
lower grounds; or as a carreot of air r^ihes from a ^e^ivier t{i% 
« ■ I I ■■*■■■■■■ I ■ ■ I ■■ ■ ■ ■ J , , ■ r . ^ ■■ ^ 

^ This charge reminds as of ap epigram written twenty ^e^s,ag(^ 
on Paul ■» a merchant of Carolinai a ge^itl^man pmhi^ 

foi his attention to hmjme/s on SmuUys : 

Paul the Mutyr did maintain. 
That godlinefs is r^l gain ; 
Bot Paul the Merchant doth profeftj 
That real gain is godlkiefi. 

t See Review, vol. xlvi. p. 157. 

i Rev« vd« advtii. p, cq« f Ib« p. i^c* 

lightd 



^tttker'i ^fhaOj^ &c. on PoUtkalimiCommiriUtSuhji&L ti^ 

Sghter part of the atmofphere, in order to reftore the equilibriam. 
it i« likewife inferred, very confiftently with this firA prirfciplc;, that 
when the poor coantry, in procefs of time, and by ehis influx of 
trade ajld manufactures, is become relatively richer,, the courfeof, 
traffic will turn again : fo that by attending to this change, you may 
<fifeover the comparative riches or poveny of each particular place 
Oftodtttry. 

' • The rcafons ofually afligned for this migration, or rather circo- 
l^ioo of indurtry and commerce, are the following, viz. In rich 
countries, where money is plenty, a greater quantity thereof ii 
given for all the articles of food, raiment, and dwelling : whereas 
an poor countries, where mon,ey is fcarce» a leiler quantity of it is 
laade to ferve in procurine the like neceflaries of life, and in paying 
the wages of the {hepherdy the pipwman, the artificer, and manu- 
fa^urer. The inference from all which is, that provifions are raifed, 
and goods inanu favored much cheaper in poor countries than ia 
rich ones : and therefore every poor country, if a near neighbour to 
a rich one,' and if there is an eaiy and coihmodious communicatioa 
between them, muH unavoidably get the trade from it,— were trade ' 
to be left at liberty to take its natural courfe. Nor will this increafe 
of agriculture and manufadnres, whereby th? richer country i% 
drained, and the poorer proportion ably enrithed, be ftopped or pre- 
vented, tiH things are brought to a perfi^ leyel> or the tide of 
wealth begins to turn the other way. 

'* Now, according tb this train of reafoning, one alarming and 
obvious confequence muft neceflarily follow, viz. That the provi»> 
fions and manufadurea of a rich country could never find a vejit in 
poor OD^s, on account of the higher value, or dearer price fet upon 
them : whereas th'ofe of a poor coantry would always find a vent ia 
a rich one, becaufe they would be afforded the cheaped at the com- 
mon market. ' , - ' 

* This bfing the cafe, can it be denied, that every j>oor coontry 
is the natural and unavoidable enemy of a rich one; efpecially if it 
fhould happen to be adjoining to it ? And are'not we fure beforehand, 
that it will never ceafe from draining i,t of its trade and commerce, 
induilry and msnufadures, till it has at leait fo ^r reduced it, as 
to be on a levej and equality with itfelf r Therefore the rich court' 
try, if it regards its own intereft, is obliged by a kind of feif- 
defence to xhake war upon the poor one, and to endeavour to extir* 
pate all its anbabtrants, ia order to maintain itfelf in ^i»/« f»«, or to 
prevent the fatal confequences of lofiag its prefent influence, trade, 
and ricb^* For little lefs thaa a, total extirpation can be fafli^^C 
to guard againft the evils to be feared from this dangerona rival, 
while iris fuffered tb exill. 

* But, the Author a(l s, is this indeed the cafe ? — One jvonld.^not, 
Leobfcrvcs, wiflingly'run counter to the fettled notions of aiankfnd; 
and yet one ought not to make a facrifice of truth to mere nuniSers, 
and the authority of opinion ; efpecially if it ihould appear that thefe 
ate> truths of giseat mameat to the welfare of fociety. — With a be- 
coaiing. deference, he adds, may it not be here aflted,— 'Can yon 
fqppofe ; that pivioc Providence has really ^onftituted the order of 
things in fuch a fort, as to make the rnh of nationil felf-prefervt* 

^Ev. f eb, 1774. K tio^ 



i}2 Tucker** TVifS/, i^c. on Political and Commercial St^t^i* 

is for that pitiful jealoufy which narrow- mbded meabavc cori^ 
ceivcd, with refpe£^ to the growing induilry anil rifing geniuS 
qf the inhabitants of the northern part of this ifland. He will 
judge^'from the clear difplay of fads here exhibited^ and from 
our Author's cogent reafonings upon them^ < what little caufe 
tfiere is to fear that a poor country can ever rival a. rich oo^ iiT 
the more opcrofe, complicated, and expeofive branches of a 
manufadure ;' and alfo whether a rich country can ever lofe its 
trade, while it retains its induftry. He will fee that, *• as no 
trading nation can ever be ruined but by itfelf, fo more particu- 
larly the improvements and manufa^ures of Scotland can never be a 
detriment to England ; unlefs the Bngli(h do voluntarily decline in 
their induftry, and become profligate in their morals. Indeed, whes 
this comes to pafs, it is of little confequence by what name that na- 
tion is called, which runs away with their trade; for fome country 
^ other neceiTarily mud. Whereas, were the finglifh to reform their 
manners, and encteafe their induftry*. the very largenefs of their ca* 
pitals, and their vicinity to Scotland, might ensble the Englifti to 
aiUft the Scotch ifi various ways, without prejudicing themfelves, 
viz. By lending them money at moderate intereft, — by embarking is 
partnerftiip with them in fuch undertakings as require large ftocki 
and long credits, —by fupplying them with models and inftruflors,— • 
exciting their emulation, and direding their operations with thac 
judgment and' good order which are only learnt by ufe and ex^ 
perience. 

* Nay, to pafs from particulars to generals, we may lay it down 
as an univerfal rule, fnbjeft to very few exceptions, that as an induf* 
tfious nation can never be hurt by the encreaiing induftry of it^ 
neighbours ; and as it is Co wifely contrived by Divine Providence^ 
that all people iliould have a ftrong biafs towards the produce and 
manufa^ures of others ; — fo it follows, that when this biafs is put 
Under froptr regulations^ the refpedlive induftry of nation and nation 
enables them to be fo much the better cuftomers, to improve in a 
frijcndly intcrcoucfe, and to be a mutual benefit to each other. A 
private (hopkcepsr would certainly wifti, that his cuftomers did im--, 
prpve in their circumftances, rather than go behind hand ; becanfe 
every fuch improvement would probably redound to his advantage. 
Where then can be the wifdom in the public ftiopkeepe^, a trading 
people, to endeavour to make the neighbouring ftates and nations, thai 
are his cuRomers, fo very poor, as not to be able to trade with him^ 
* The condufion of the whole is this : heaps of gold and filver 
are not the true riches of a nation : gold and filver got in the ways 
of idlenefs are its certain ruin ; it is wealth in appearance, bat po* 
verty in reality : gold and filver got by induftry, and fpent in idle* 
nefs, will prove to be deftru£lion Ukewife : but gold and filver ac« 
quired by general induftry, and ufed with fobriety, and according to 
good morals, will promote ftiU greater induftry, and go on, for any 
thing that appears to the contrary, ftill accumulating ; fo th|it every 
au£;mentation of fuch money is a proof of a preceding increaiGEi ojf 
induftry :, whereas an augmentation of money by fuch meaAf as d^* 
creafe induftry, is a national curfe<— not a bleffing.* 

^ ' Our 



Tucker'^ flra^s^ Ifc $n Political tsnd Cmnurdal Sulje£fs\ t^'i 

Our Author has added a Poftfcript, wherein he anfivers fame 
very plairfibile objedions which have been made to his hypothe* 
Cs : but for thefe we muft refer to his performance at large. 

The fecohd Traft in'this collcaion is entitled. The Cafi of 
going to War for the Sake of Trgie. Being the Fragment of a 
greater Work. This piece was firft publiflicd in the year 1 763, 
immediately after the oonclufion of the war j and our Readers 
will find an account of it in the 28th volume of our R^icw, 
p. 212. It did not then appear with the Author's name; nor 
could we difcoVer what is now revealed in the preface, that bjr 
^he GREAtER WORK, of ^yhich this difcourfe is a fragment rVfi^s 
meant the Dean's much expeded performance — " The Elb* 
MENTS OF Commerce, and Theory of Taxes." We hacl| 
indeed, beard, with concern, that the Author had laid aftde that 
important undertaking ; but the reafont which induced him to 
abandon, or at leaft fufpend, his defign, were hot generally 
known : they are now avowed in the following terms : 

* The tradl fees forth, that it is the frapmcnt of a greater work. 
This work was undertaken at the defire' of Dr. HAVTEft, then LorS 

i^ilhop of Norwich, and Preceptor to the Prince of Wales, his pre- 
ent Majefty. His Lordfhip*s deAgn was to put into the hands of his 
royal pupil fuch a treatife as would convey both clear and compre« 
hcnfive ideas on the fubjedt of national commerce, freed from the 
narrow conceptions of ignorant, or the finiOer views of crafty and 
defigning men; and mylionoored friend, and revered diocefan, the 
late Lord Bilhop of Briftol, Dr. Co:^ yd ears, was pleafed,to recom- 
inen<i me, as a perfon not altogether unqualified to write on fuch . 
H fubjefl. I therefore entered upon the work with all imaginable 
alacrity, and intended to entitle my performance, Tihe Elements cf 
Commerce, andTbeory of Taxes. But 1 had not made a great progrcfs; 
before I difcovered that fuch a work was by no means proper to be 
Weltered under the proteflion of a royal patronage, on account of 
the many jealoufies to which it was liable, and the cavils whichr 
Alight be raifed againft it. In fadl, 1 foon found, that there war 
fcarcely a ftcp 1 could take, but would bring to Jight fome glaring' 
abfurdity, which length of time had rendered facred, and which the 
multitude would have been taught to contend for, as if their all 
was at ftake: fcarcc a propofal could I recommend for introduiiing a 
free, generous, and impartial fyftem of national comtr.erce, but it 
had fuch numbers of popular errors to combat with, as would have 
excited loud clamours, and fierce oppofition ; and, therefore, as the 
herd of mock-patriots are ever on the watch to feize on all opporcu- 
Dities of inflaming the populace by mifreprefentations, and falfe 
alarms; and as the people are too apt to fwallow every idle tale of 
this fort, I determined to give no occafion to thofe who continually 
ieek occafio^. Ii^ fliort, as I perceived I could not ferve my prince,, 
b^ a liberal and unredrained difcuflSon of the points relative to thcfe 
matters, I deemed it' the better part to decline the undertaking, ra* 
ther than do any thing under the fan^llon of his patronage, which 
might dififerve him in the eyes of others : fer thefe reafont I laid 

K 3 the 



134- Tuclc^r'; TrjJlr, Wc. on Political and Commercial Suhje^s, 

the fchfrmt afidc ; and if ever I fliould refdmc, and complete it, tlic 
work (hall appear without any patronage, protedion, or dedicatiicm* 
whatever.' . 

The Authot acknowledges that the * Cafe cf going to War^ 
had> at £r ft, very few readers ^ but lay iiegle<^ed above a year 
in the hands of the publiflicr. This ill fucccfs he afcribes, 
probably with juftice, to the clamour raifed, at that jubd^ure, 
by ^ ihemoby and the news- writers*, who were enraged attbe 
thoughts of j^eace. But, he adds, the approbation which it has (tnca 
met with, e/pecially from abnady where premiums' have been in3i- 
tuted for dill'ertations on a like plan, induce me to hope that prcju* 
dices begin to wear off, and that it hath a better chance riow than it 
had before of' being read with candour, and attended to with ia- 
j^rliality. Indeed it was neceflary for me to publilh it in this col- 
fedion, becaufe of the ufc which will be made of the fame train of 
arguments in the fourth of thcfc Tracts, when we come to (hew the 
true intcrefls of Great Britain with refpeft to the colonies, and the 
only means of living with them on terms of harmony and friendfbip.' 

TraA the third is entitled, * A Litter from a Merchant- in 
London^ to his Nephew in America^ concerning the late and prgfint 
Dijhrbances in the Cclcnies \* firft publi(hcd in 1766 ; toward the 
clofe of the debate concerning the ftamp^ad ; and mentioned 
in our Review* vol. xxxiv. p. 161. ' Our Author's own '■ac- 
count of the defign and occalion of this Traft is too curious to 
be omitted. The charaflcr which was affumed, as exprcfled 
in the title-page, he tells us, is not uUogcther fi£litious. 

* An elderly gentleman, fays he, long verfed in the North Ame- 
rican trade, and pcrfcdiy acquainted with all the wiles there prac« 
<ifed both during peace, and in time of war, and who had relations 
fettled in that pait of the world, defired me to write on this fubje£^, 
and to give the treatife that turn of expredion, and air of authority^ 
which would not be unbecoming an old man to his dependent rela- 
tion. He furniOied me with fome curious materials, and remark- 
able anecdotes, concerning the fmugglirg trade which the Americans 
carried on with the French and Spaniards during the heat of the war^ 

^even to the fupplying them with (hips, and naval and military 
ilorcs, for dcflroying the trade and (hipping of the moiher-coantry, 
and even in defiance of Mr. Secretary Pitt's circular letter to tie 
governors of the provinces, forbidding fuch an infamous traffic, and 
traiterous corrcfpondence. But if I was obliged to the old gentle- 
man in thefe te{ptQ.Sf my argument was a fufferer by him in another : 
for though he admitted, that the colonies were grown ungovernable; 
though he himfcif declared, from his own experience, that we gave 

• The Author, among the feveral fpecies of political firehrarnds^ 
enumerated by him, in The Ca/e^ includes the news-writers. Thefe 
people, he obfervcs, may be truly faid to trade in blood: for a war 
3s their harvefV, and a Gazette-Extraordinary produces them a crop 
an hundred fold. How then can it be fuppofed that they will ever 
be the iiriends of peace ? 

a better 



Tuckcr'i Trails^ &fr. on PeliiUal and Commercial SuhjeSfs. 1 35 

a better price for their iron, hemp, flax feed, fkins, furs, lumber, 
and moil other articles, than i\ity could find in any o:her pait of 
Europe ; and that thefe coJonifls took nothing Tcarcely from us in 
return, bat what it was their iniercft to buy, even fuppofing them 
as independent of Great Britain, as the Hates of Holland, or any 
other |!)eople; and though he evidently few, that the longfer the 
connedlion fubfided between the colonies and the mother- country, 
the more heavy would the burdens* grow upon the latter, and the 
greater would be the opportunities for the artful and defigning^meo 
Qf.both couutries to irritate and inflame the giddy,, unthinking po- 
pulaoe; though he ad mi teed » I (jiy, and allowed all thefe premiies,, 
he could not come at the conclufion : for he liarded as much at the. 
idea q( z feparathn^ ai if he had feen a fpci^re! And the notion of 
parting with the colonies entirely, and then making leagues of friei^d- 
Ihip with them, as with fo many independent Hates, was too enla||e^ 
an idea for a mind wholly occupied within the narrow circle of trade, 
and a firanger to the revolutions of ftates and empires, thoroug^hly 
to comprehend, much Icfs to digeil. In confequence of this, 1 was 
obliged, as the Reader will fee towards i he conclufion, to give the 
tegument fuch a turo^ as cxprefTed rather a cafi^al threat to fjparaie, 
than a fettled proje^ft of doing it.' 

To fupply this d^ifciSl, or rather to make the conclufion to 
corrcfpond with ihe ^rernifes, our Author, as he obferves^ has 
added his fourth Tract ; wherein he attempts tofiiew what 
is the true intcreil of Great Britain in regard xo the CoUfUts ; 
and to explain the opiy means of living with them on tersDs,.of 
mutual fatisfa£tion and friendfhip. 

His fcheme for accomp]i(hi!)g this great and defirable end- 
will probably ftartle fome of his readers; for it is no other than 
Great Britain * to feparaie entirely from ihs North Jmerican Cdt(H 
nies, by declaring them to he a free and independent penf^k^ wet 
ivhom we hy r.o claim j and then by offering t9 guarantee this fee^ 
ivm and independency again fl all foreign invaders whatever* 

This, however, is not a new idea. It has frequently occur- 
red to others ; who are convinced, wixh the Dean of Ghocci^ 
ter,that we neither can govern the Americans, nor be governed l^ 
fiem; that we neither can unite with them, nor ought to think 
of Jubduing them s and that things are already come to fuch a 
pais, that nothing remains hue to part with them on as friendly 
terms as we can. Every other fcheme o^ accommodation or fub" 
jeHi^n that hath yet been fuggefted, is here amply confidcred, 
weighted in the balance of found reafon, and found wanting. 
But with refped to the idea of a feparation, our Author ob- 
ferves, that the more we familiarize ourfelves to it, the lefs 
furprized and the more prepared we (hall be, whenever that 
event (ball happen : for that it witL and must happen, on« 
day or other, he coniiders as inevitable. 

As to the obje^rons that may be made to our Author^s pro- . 
pofal> be feems to have jfuifeen all that appear to be of iftiport^ 

K 4 ancc^ 



I^ ClarcndoaJi Siajte Papers. 

ance, and to have anfvirered them with that folidlty which vtu 
to be expeded from a Writer who hath been fo long, and fi) 
intimately converfant with fubjeds of this kind. On the othe^ 
hand, the manifold advantages of a feparation are (c% forth in 
the cleared light 2 and (hewn to be lAfinitely fuperio.r to every 
confideration that can poIEhly he urged in favour of timid or 
temporizing meafures. 

In regard to the two Sermons which are fubjoined to tbefe 
poUiieal treatifes^ the Author profefies that be is not very anxious 
about the propriety of placing them here ; but he fuggefta one or 
two realbns for thejr infertion in "this volume/ which a^e fatif* . 
fadory to us, and will, we doubt not, be as readily admitted 
by others. 

^ Many, fays he» may perhaps read them nowy who would never 
•ave looked into them, had they been printed in a colle^on of re- 
ligious trads. Beildes, I hope that thefe difcourfes will throw fuch 
i^ew and (Iriking lights on the fubjed of commerce, as will induce 
men of a liberal education to fludy it for the future as a fciencct and 
to thipk for themielvcs in thefe important points. For furely a 
great part of mankind have too long fubmitted to be led blindfoM 
by writers on trade, whofe private intereft very often clalhcd with 
the general good ; and in whbfe productions we find but very flight 
traced, cither of the real and difmterelled patriotifm of the philofo^ 
pher, the humanity of the moralift, or benevolence of the divine : 
in fhort, it is a melancholy truth, that almofi as much implicit faith 
and blind credulity have hitherto prevailed in the theory of com* 
merce, as, in the darkeft times of popery, obfcored the principles o^ 
itHgion.* 

To this we have only to addj that what thf Author hath ad^ 
vanced, in thefe two Sermons, relative to the fubje^ of ouf 
worldly bufinefs, and trading concerns, is naturally introduced, 
and judicioufly treated ; as he hath (hewn the proper connexioa 
of ^juft commercial intercourfe between man and man, with 
the great duties of morality, religion, and patriotifm. 
r r-^-: : ' . .- — r— \ 

Art. X, Conclufion of the Account of the Clarendon State Papers,' 
Volume the Second, iee our laii: Month's Review. 

TO ward the beginning of the year 1646, the affairs of 
King Charles the Firft were in a very critical and dan- 
gerous fituation. The royal forces were almoft univerfally fub- 
dued 5 and his Majefty feemed to have no other profpeft of re* 
drefs than by throwing himfelf into the hands of the ScottiOi 
army. At the time of his taking this ftep, he was folicitous to 
have the Prince of Wales, who had lately come from the iflandt 
of ScilJy to that of Jerfcy, removed into France ; that there he 
might hie under the dire^ion of the Queen his mother, and en- 
joy the protc£lion of the French court. This meafure was vi-^ 
goroufly oppofcd by the majority of the Prince's council, anc^ 
* efpeciaUy 



Ciarcqi^on'i Siafe Pafersj^ s^^ 

efp€ciajly. by Sir Edward Hy^Q > frpm whpm we Jiave a Igng 
fetter to Lord Jfermyn upon the fubjeft, which contains a fine 
idifplay of Sir fid ward's wifdom and integrity. When, at length^ 
in confequence of the King and Queen 5 pofitive command, tli4 
Prince of Wales was Conveyed to France, the Lords Capel a5(i 
Hopton, and Sir Edward Hyde, thinking that tbey could be o£ 
ho farther fervice to his Royal Highnefs, determined to remain 
in the ifland of Jerfcy ; ancl wrote jointly to their Majefties, ini 
juftiiication of their refolution. The whole progrefs of thefc 
jranfaftions is fully difplayed in the prefent colleAion. 

Another large feries of letters relates to the King's fituation, 
after he had put himfelf in the pov^er of the Scots. His coa^? 
dition, at that time, was peculiarly embar raffing. He was totally , 
unwilling to comply with the dtmands of the Scots, and mg/k 
of all averfe to do fo irj what related to religiotu On the othe^ 
Iband, many of his zealous adherents \^ere (blicilqit^ that hc^ 
fliould niake concef&ops in thi^ refpe£t^ Wejbaye, in the work; 
before vs, a numb|(r of li^ttecs betweea bia Majcfty and th« 
Lord^ Jermyn and Colepeper, and Mr. John Aihbtirnham, upon 
tfaeiubjed. The King's attachment to ept(copacy, and his 
fiifltke to prcftyterianHm, were unchangeable. In one letter td 
the three juft mentioned perfons, he exgreiTes himfelf in this 
planner: . '♦ 

• Now, ai for your advyce to me ; yo\i (peake my Very foole U^ 
every thing but one ; that Is, the church. Remember your awa 
rule, not expedt to rcdime that which is given, away by a£i of Paxf 
liament. Shall I then give away the Church ? And expufe me to tell 
yoa, that I belive you doe not underlland wha; this is ;hat yoa a^ 
Content (I confefs, not upon very cafy tcrmes) 1 mould thus give away^ 
I will begin to ftiew you, firft, what it is in point of policy ; aQ4 
firfl, negatively ; It is not the change of Church Govei-nement which 
is cheefly aymed at ; (though that were too much) but it is by that 
pretext to take away the depcndancy of the Chuich from the Crowne| 
which, lett me tell you;. I hould to be of equall coDfequcnce to that 
of the \'Jilitia; for people are |ovcri:Gd hy p'ulpiis r^cre then xh<^ 
fword, in tymcs of peace : nor will the'Scots be coq^tent with the al- 
teration of Governemcnt, except the Covenant be lykewais efiabiiih- 
id ; the which does not only make good al( tbeire former rebplliona^ 
out lykewais laies a hrm and frqdful foundation for fuch pa{p!:Cymes 
in all tymes to come. Now for the theoJogicall part, I aiicare you^ 
the change would be no lefle apd worfe then if Popei-y were brought 
10 ; for we (hould have nether lawfull prieiis, nor ifacramcnts duly ad*, 
tnineftred, nor God publikeljf ferved, but according to the ful'tiho 
fancy of every ydJe parfon ; but wc Jhould have the dodring again(l( 
*Kings fercelyer fet up then amongtt the Jefuits. In a word, fett yoi;^ 
fieartft at reft; I wifl lefle 'jrcald to this then the.Militia, my con- 
science being irreconciliably inga^ed againil it. Wherefore I conjurq 
you as ChriSians to ailiil nie particularly in this alfo.' 

5 \^ 



138 ClaLttnion's State Papers, 

In. a fubfcquent letter, his Majefiy declares, that, if be nn- 
Serftood any thing of religion, the prefhyterian tenets and go- 
Ternmeot were more erroneous than thofe of the church of 
Rome, and abfolutely inconfiftent with monarchy. From the 
whole -of what the King writes upon the matter, it appears that 
Bis averfion to prefbyjterianifin was founded both upon religious 
and political reafons. Being prefled, however^ by his friends, 
2nd urged by the neceflity of bis affairs, he thought proper to 
confult the BiQiops of London and Salifbury, how far, with a 
fafe conicience, he might fubmit to a temporary allowance of 
the prefbyterian mode of worfhip. The anfwer of the two 
Biihops.is as follows : 

• May it pkafe your Majefty, 

* In obedience to your Majdly's command, we have advricd npoo 
this propofition, and yoor Majefty*s doubt arifing thereon. And at- 
tending to oar duty and yoor Majcfty*s ftrift charge laid upon us, we 
£ui)l*deliver oar c^nions, and the fenfe we have of ic, plainly and 
fetly, to the heft of oor MKlerftaiidingt ; no« *U we laii in poiar 
of idelity, however we may in judgment. 

. *■ The doubt is touching the lawiuinefs of a temporary compGioce 
in matters of religion* in the ilaie they now here iiand ; that is, as 
we apprehend it, whether your Majefly may. without breach of you# 
oath, and with a fafe confcience, permit for fome time the exercife 
of the diredory, for worfliip, and pra^ice of difcipline, as they are 
^ow ufed and Aand enjoined by Ordinance. 

' * For refolution whereof, we (hall take the boldnefs to mske ufe of 
thofe grounds which we find laid down to our hands in your Ma* 

Jelly's diredions. For your Majefty's conftancy and fixcdncfs of re- 
bjutton not to recede from what you have by oath undcruken in that 
matter, as it gives you a great latitude to walk in, with fafety of 
confcience, in your endeavours to that en<i (the re£iitude of intention 
^bating much of the obliquity in all actions), fo the full expreflion 
you have been now pleafed to make of it, and, that what you propofe 
at prefent is in orMne thereunto, doth much facilitate the work, and 
£t us for a reA)Iution. 

* Taking therefore your Majefty's fettled deiermiriation touching 
the Church for a foundation unremoveable, and this propofition (in 
your Majefty's defign) as a means fubfervient thereunto ; confidcring 
alfo the condition your Majefty's affairs now ftand in, being deftitute 
of all means compullbry, or of regaining what is loll by force ; we 
cannot conceive in this your Majefly's condefceniion any violation of 
that oath, whereof your Majelly is fo juftly tender, but that your Ma^ 
iefty doth thereby ^iil continue to preferve and protefk the Church 
ly the bed ways and means you have now left you (which is all the 
oath can be fuppofed to require) ; and that the permiiiioii intended 
(whereby, in fome men's apprehcnfions, your Majefty may feem to 
throw down what you defire to build up) is not only by your M4< 
lefty levelled to that end, but, as your Majcfty Hands perihaded, pro- 
babiy fitted for the efieding it in fome meafure. 

* And 



Clarcndon'i StaU Papersi 139 

* And as your Majefty will ftand clear (in our judo^mcnts* at leaft) 
In refp^ft' to your oath, which is principally to be regarded, fo nei- 
ifter do we think your Majblly will herein tfefpafs in point of con-' 
fctcnce ; becaufe yoorMajefly finding them already fettled, and as it* 
were in po/Teffion, do only* what in other cafes is ufnal, not difturb 
that pofTeiTion wldle the differeocesare in hearing, or (which is more 
judifiable) permit (hat which you cannot hinder, if yon would ; not 
Gommacdjng it iiox that may vary the ca(e) but (which poifibly ma/ 
may be better liked) leaving it upon that foot it now Ibinds, en* 
joined by authority of the Hoafes, which is found (h-ong enough t(^ 
enforce the obedience. Which intendment of your Maje^'3 woul4 
Aand store clear, if this point of a temporary toleratiott were not 
laid as the principle of the proportion (as now it may ftem to be 
ftanding in the front), but as an accefibry and neceflkry conceffioa 
for the more peaceable proceeding in the bofine(s« The firft part 
therefore in the propofition might be, for the accommodation of dif* 
ferences by a debate between parties (as it lies in the proportion}, 
and then 9 tliat» during that debate all things remain ftatu quo nwte^ 
without any interruption or difturbance from your Majeflv, provided 
the debate determine and a iettlement be made within iiich a time, 
&c. and that your Majefty and your houfehold, in the interim, be 
not hindered, &c. which notwithftanding we humbly fubmit to your 
Majedy's better judgment to alter, or not. 

* We cannot but have a lively fenfe of the great troubles your 
Majefty undergoes, and doubt not bat that God who hath hitherta* 
given you patience in them, will blefs yon with a deliverance out of 
them in due time, and make the event of your condant endeavonri, 
^niwerable to the integrity of your Majedy's Iveart ; which is the 
prayer of 

Your Majefly*s 

Fulham, 14 O^. mod obedient and humble Servants* 

1646. GuiL. London. Br.Sakum/ 

Sir Edward Hyde bad no concern in the tranfadions juft re« 
latcd, and» had he been confultcd by his Majefty, muft, from 
his own principles, have given very different advice from that 
which had been urged by the Lords Jcrmyn and Colcpcper, 
and Mr. Afhburnham. During this time. Sir Edward con* 
tinued, without employ, in the ifle of Jcrfey ; from whence he 
wrote a variety of familiar letters to his friends. Thefe letterst 
perhaps, cannot be deemed ftridly hiftorical ; and yet we en- 
tirely agree with the Editor in thinking that they were pecu- 
liarly worthy of being inferted. Though we greatly differ from 
Lord Clarendon in many of his religious and political fenti* 
Dients, it would be injuftice not to acknowledge, that the let- 
ters we fpcak of, exhibit his character in a very amiable point. 
of view, and that, they are beautiful ioftances of hi^ diftih-] 
gui(bed abilities and real integrity. While he refided in Jcrfey, 
lie apprehended, at one time, that his life was in great danger* 
(torn an attempt which it was expeded the Parliament would, 
make upon the ifland. Under this apprehenficMi)- be wrote 

letteri 



140 Clarcftdon'i State Papers^ 

letters to the King, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of I^ic)^ 
mond, the Earl of Southampton, and Lady Hyde, to be de^ 
livered to each of them after hts death* As a fp^citnen of the 
reft* we (hall inlert that to his Lady ; and we do4i{)t,not but 
the perufal of it will be agreeable to cux Readers* 
. . &\x £dwArd Hyde to the Lady Hyde. 
' My deleft, 

* This beiqg act like to com^ to thee tUl I am dead, I ptonot* 
begin better .(q ^ht;e, than to charge and conjure thoe to bear my 
d^atb with that magnanimity and Cbriiiian patience, as becomes a 
woman, ^who hath no cauie to be afhamed of the memory of her 
bufband, and who bath fuch precious pa\vns left to her care, as tboa 
haft» in o\3kt poor children ; which mull be moft completely miie- 
rfible, if throygb thy paflion thou (halt eitiier fhorten thy days, or im*^ 
pair thy health. And therefore, thou muft remember, thou haft no 
other argum^tai to give of thy conftant afiedion to me, than by 
dping that whieh thou knoweil \ only defire thoofhonldft do. Be 
not Ufobled a^ the fmallQefs or diiiraidion of thy forttme, fiiice it pro- 
c#^s neit^ipjr from my fciilt or foiiy, hue by the immediate hand ot 
Qod, who. I doubt not, will recompence thee fome other way. He' 
ko^vvft how entire my h^art hath been to him, and that, if it had 
not iKen pat of the conicience of my duty to him, and the King, t 
might have left thee and thine a better poriion in this world. But 
1 am coniSdei^ thou doil in thy foul abhor any wealth Ax gotten^ 
•nd thinkeft. thyfelf and thy children happier in the memory of thy 
poor honeil huibaod^ than any addition of an ill gotten, or ill kept 
edate could have made you. Cootinue the lame tho« haft been, and 
God will rec^u\te and rew:ird ihee. I ha^*e in my ocbeir paper, 
which is parcel will, parcel declaration, fuch as I thought in thefcL 
times neceffary, faid as much to thee of my ellare and my chlldrea 
as 1 can think of. ^ doubt not thou wilt find foma friends, who will 
remember and confider how juil 1 would have been to their me* 
mory if I had outlived them. IVly letters to the King, Prince, Duke 
9f Richmond, and Earl of Southampton, thou maycft deliver or fend 
as thou Ihalt be advifed. Thy own father, mother, and brother will 
I am fure never fail thee in any ofiice of kindncfs, nor be unjuft ta 
the memory of him, who always held them in fingular eileem. Frora 
my friends I am confident thou wilt receive all poflible kindnefs. 
Befides thofe I have mentioned in the other paper, 1 prefume my 
Lord Seymonr will be reudy to do thee good offices, and my Lord 
Keeper and Sir Thomas Gardiner to aflill thee ; and I hope many 
more that I think not necefl'ary to name. I do from the bottom of 
my heart thank thee for all thy kindnefs and afedion, which upon 
my faith I have always returned f/om my foul, having never com- 
mitted the leail fault againfl thee, hut promifed myfeif the only hap^ 
pinefs and contentment, to live with thee in any condition. Since^ 
It hath pleafed God not to admit that, he will, I doubt not, bring 
ns together in a moft bleffed ftate in a better world when we fhall 
never part. Qo^ blefs.tbee and thine ! cherifh thyfelf as thou lovcft 
ike memory of, My dearcft, thy moft faithful and affcftionate 
{{ulband, 

Jerfey, thii 3d of April 1647. Edw, HTni. 

T© 



Dr. Eackard*! tVorku T4t 

* To the five letters are fubjomed Sir Edward's defires con- 
cerning his papers, a^nd his * laji vniU and prof eJPmi \ and all of 
them fl>ew that, however miftalccn he might be in his political 
opinion^, he had aiSted from th'^ di«3aies of confcience and a 
fenfe of duty. 

Some of the beft friends to Lord Clarefidon's memory have 
acknow.ledged, that his religious policy, when htcame to be 
chief minifter of this country, was narrow and illiberal. From 
the prefent work, and efpeciaily from two or thrte letters to 
Lord Hopton, it appears that Sir Edward Hyde was always 
bigotted in his notions of church government. 

The feries of papers in this volume is carried on to the year 
1651 ; ending with the account of King Charles the Second's 
cfcape after the battle of Worcefter. Many of the letters and 
memorials relate to foreign as well as to domcftic affairs 5 and to 
tlic ftatc of Ireland, as well as to EngUrnd. Among other things, 
we find here a very complcat detail of difpatches, including Lord 
Gottington*s and Sir Edward Hyde's embafly to Spain. 

Wt have only to add, 'that this is a noble and valuable col- 
Ic^ion, and that we ai-e perfaaded it will prove of great import- 
ance to the elucidation of our national hiftofy. We (hail expec^^ 
with impatience, the tcmgiining papers, as we have reafon given 
Us to believe that they will be found ilill more momentous and 
intetefting t^an thofe which have been already publtfhed. 

I'll' ' ■ ■ . ' ■ I I 1 1 ■ I . • t 

Art. XI. Tht Wiirk$ of Dr. John Eachard^ lati Mafler ofCathsrine^ 
Hallf Cambridge. CoDiilling of the Grounds and Occafions of the 
Contempt of the Clergy ; his Dialogues on the Writings of Mr, 
Hobbs ; and other Tra£ls. A new Edition ; with a Second Dia- 
loffae on the Writings of Mr. Hobbs, not printed in any former 
Edition ; and fome Account of the Life and Writings of the Aa*. 
thor. 1 2mo. 3 Vols. 7 s. 6 d. fewed. Davies« 

DR. John Eachard, fo well known from his witty detail of 
the caufes oftbt ConUmpt of tin Clergy ^ was the pleafanteflr 
controverfial writer of the lail age. His pirfent Editor prefers 
hkn to Swift, for the foUowi»g feaibiu : 

* The celebrated Dean of St. Patnck'i, fays he» turns his pen too 
frequently into a fcalping-knife, and makes his wit the executioner 
to his ill-natare. Noc content %o overcosie his antagonift by thit 
ilxength of his ajbUi ties and the force of his argument, Swift treats 
Kim, as if be were not only tb*^ daUeft, but the vileft of mankind. 
It is ;iot enough for him to conqucir^ unlefs he tramples too upon his 
enemy : he frequently feledls the xnoft opprobrious^ terms and (hock- 
ing expreilidns he can find in the Engliih language ; and. throws 
tfacm about at random on perfons in the moil exalted as well as the 
loweft ftations ^ on princes and (lockjobbers ; chancellors and prin-' 
Cers ; dutchefTes and coiners; ftatefmen-and -news-writers ;biihopi 
and'uiurers ; fine ladies and lewd rakes. 

r. • Eachard 



•1^ Dr. Eacbard'/ ^cris. 

* Eachftfet contents hirafelf with bunting down tbe ^rgitnicnt of 
his opponent, and rarely meddles with the man : he chinits it faffi« 
cient> if he can prove him a dull and affedled, a foppifli and pedan- 
tic, an ignorant and a foolilh reafoner. He wifhes not to render 
Jlim hatenil to the populace, or obnoxious to the goirernment. He 
laaghs in his antaeonill's face at the very time he dtfarms him ; then 
iKlps him to his iword again, and humourooily rallies him fcr not 
knowing how to u(e lU In (hort, £achard*s difcuiiton of an argu* 
ncnt or confaution of a book, divtfted of that feverity and acri- 
Biony, with which theological difpntes are too often maintained, 
vefembles a fcaft» where cafy wit, fprightly humour, good-natnrc, 
and good fen(e form the mod agreeable part of tbe entertainment.* 

This learned and merry divine* was educated at Cambridge ; 
where he took his degree of Mafter of Arts in 1660. In 1670 
lie publifhcd his celebrated work above-mentioned. He after- 
ward attacked the philofophy of Hobbs, with all the powers of 
hb wit, humour, raillery, andreafon; fo that, as his prcicot 
Editor obfe'rves, < all the ferious and fyftematical books, writ- 
ten by the mod eminent and learned of our divines, cou|d never 
Lave rendered the philofophy of Hobbs fo contemptiixle as the 
incomparable dialogues of Eachard, which contain the moft jur 
dicious arguments, united with the moft fpirited fatire, and 
the livclicft mirth." 

* Dr. Eachard died in 1697, and was fucceeded in the Mafterihip 
of Catharine-hall, by Sir William Dawes. 

* Eachard*s works, we have rcafon to believe, were for a long 
time, the favourite companion both of divines and laymen. Swifc 
fpeaks of them with refped. He fcems indeed to have read oar 
Author with attention, and to have greatly profited by him. An 
ingenious gentleman aHured me, that lome outlines of the Tale of- a 
Tub, might be traced in the writings of Eachard. This I am afraid 
18 going too far. Certain it is, that this Writer was endowed with a 
very large (hare of wit, which he employed to the bed and nobleit 
ptxrpofes, to the defence of religion and morality when attacked by 
a philofopher, who laid claim to the reputation of a great fcbolar, 
and a profound mathematician. Eachanl had befides a vein of hu- 
moor peculiar to himielf, much ufeful learning, a flrong manner of 
reafoning, without the appearance of it, and above all an uncom- 
mon (kill in turning an adveriary inc6 ridicule ; in which no writer 
has flnce exceeded,, nor perhaps equalled him. Liet us not Ibrgec 
too, that he poile^d an inexhaailible fund of good- nature, with the 
moft eafy and laughing pleafantry : qualities, which the haughty and 
fplenetic Swift could never enjoy.' 

The elegant infcription on bis tomb is thus very properly in- 
troduced by the author of the memoirs prefixed to this ediuon : 

- - ■ . 

* The famous Laurence Eachard, the hiftorian, appears to have 
been nephew, or fome other near relation, to this J^bm Eachard ; 
but there was no affinity of genios between them» 

; The 

3 



* The infcription on Dp. E9ckard"$ comb, will (hew his charaaer 
IB a new light, A wit is fuppofed by /quc people to bea worfc 
member of focicty in proportion to the fhare he poiTefres of that dan* 
gerous qcaiity, which as often excites onr hatred as our admiration. 
This amiable man was as refpeftable for the benevolence of his mind* 
.as the ejctcat ofiis capacity. He executed the troft repofed in4iim 
of Mailer of his college, with the utmoft care and fidelity, to tW 
general fatisfa£tion of the FdJows, and with the approbation of the 
whole oniverfity. He was cxtremdyanxiotts to rebuild the greatell 
part, if not the whole, of Catharine- hall, which had faljen intotte- 
cay ; bat unhappily for the college, he died before he could acooni*. 
pU& his generous defign* However, he lived long enoagh to wvt 
.chat beautiful front, which the infcriptxoi^ (o juftly celebrates : %md 
this he efTc^led by the moft painful affiduity in procuring liberal coqp- 
tributions from his Icariied friends, and confiderable largefles frctm 
"his rich acquaintance, who could not refill the power of his perfiia^ 
live eloquence; and laflly, by beilowi^ig the little all he was maftcr 

* He lies buried in the chapel of Catharine-hall : over his toinb 
is the following infcription, which will be a lading monument^ 
Dr. ^chard^s worth, and of the gratitude of the learned ibciety to 
which he belooged : 

Tibi babeiff, Cathcnna, lioc mortile depofitom 

£t.in peoetralibut cuis rtquielceie ^Jnas 

Viri tere nagnt 

Teoucs hafce exuviat t 

8i qnamii cujs fint, fix, Japtdea tacoc foCerVfl^ ^ 

FuodatQion fuum 

Johannem Eachard S. T. P. 

Academic Canubrigienfit bis Pro-Caocenarioin.. 

Hujus auUe cuftodem vigilantiflimum, 

De Qtraqae optime meritam. 

Vidifne UQor, novam haoc coHegij facten 

Quam pulchra ex ruiots aflur^ic J 

TottsfT) hoc muranim ooo indecorom doniciJuim, 

Secundus hojus Rooue Romulus, 

PoiTet vocaie luum. 

Huk operi intentus, liberantate'part'ffD ftia 

lllaque maxima, (cum pauperis ioftar viduas 

In hoc Gazophjrlachim totvm fntim cMJcciflet.) 

- rarfim tlieiul, qaam vel «Qiicitia inter do^ioret 

Vel fnadeU (qiS plurimom pollebat) 

Inter diviciores node quaqoe acciveiat. 

Hoc, uf^nt reAaoravit collegiufn. 

Et fi diotios fata pepercUibat 

Aotiqtta iCdificia diraendo. 

Nova extmendo, 

Nullum non moveodo Japldem, 

(Q«ae eraC optimi homioit indefe^Ta induftf ja,) 

Quod i^rdidom, rttiaoAjm 

Et vix colkfij nomine indigicaodom 

InuAtrar, 

£legaat| 



Et ab omoi parte perfieCttidt 

Reliquiflfet. 
OWjt Jtilij 7010 1*697. 

' , feafchard's works fiere cojlea^d, ar*e> :^# The inquiry into tfc^ 
tJrounds and Occafiohs of the Contempt of the Clergy, a. Ob- 
{ervatioas on an Anfwer to the Enquiry, 3, Hobbs s State of 
Kature conikieiedi in a dialogue between Timothy and Phjlau^ 
t»%m 4* FiveLettei^ in Defence of the Elnquiry^ againfl Dx. 
Owetr, and others. 3» A Second Dialogue between Timbdijr 
4M)d Philautus, on the Writing^ of Hobbs. This lift trafi^ 
'#hich was originally publilhcd in 1673, is now firft added ta 
the colleftion of Eachard's works ^ of which, it feems, there 
have been no fewer than twelve editidns, before this of J 774. 

— — — — Mil II I ■ ■ > 

AitT. Xir. J5hah/peart*s Tlct^i^ as they are now performed at the i^^e^ 

tfes Ro}'al in Londoti ; regulated from the Prompt Books of each 

• Hode, -by Fcrmiffion. with Nottrs critical and lUuftrathti Br 

the Aathors of the Dramatic Ctnfir, 8?o, 5 Vols. 159; fewed» 

Bell. 1774-' 

** In every Werl regard the Writer^s Snd^ 
Since nene can cqmfafs more than they intend** 

THE above precept of Mr. Pope's, occurred to us on look- 
ing into this impreilion of Shakefpcare*s ading plays, 
which is not fet in competition with any other edition, becaufe 
it is executed' oh a different plan, and intended to anfwer a dif- 
ferent purpofc. The great aim oi former editors has been to 
give us Shakefpeare reJlored\ the protcfled defign o^ thisy perhaps 
more popular work, i^ to prefent the Icfs critical • reader with 
Shakefpeare t% altered and accommodated to the taftc of an age 
more refined than that in which the Author lived and wrote,— 
more capable of-taflinghis beauties, and lefs apt to relifh or 
even tolerate his dcfedls, Thofe beauties, it muft, to the ho- 
nour of the ftage, -be allowed, are jodicroufly retained in the 
plays of this ^eat poet, asaded at either theatre j and the de* 
fbrmitics arc, for the moft part, with equal choice and difccm- 
ment, expunged t 

** The rhiming clowns that gladded Shakefpear's age, 
No more with Crambo entertain the flage," &c. 

• * Though this edition is not meant for the profoundly learned^ 
nor the deeply ftudloas, who love to find out and cliace their own cri- 
tical game ; yet we flatter oot-felvet both parties may perceive frdh 
idvas ft«ted iot fpettthttien^ ftitd refleaioR. 

- Lditok's Pre/. ddvertiJimiMt. 

. ^' With 



^ith uifdoifbtid proprivcy^ thodbie, htte ttie t)re^Edi* 
*<!«» ^bferted^ tlm «he moft eathufottc admirerv '^f Shak«(i. 

iMt to addih'cbat even his ^ moft rcgpiar piecca pt^oduoe fomc 
^Tdenea aqd paffiiges^ bighly dcri^gicarj to his iocomparaUr iBe4| $ 
ifcbt 4^ fh^^ieMy tiiAci, n now and then obicure^ wad foim« 
4iiiB«^ to gr^ify a vitiaicd age; inddicate/ It is^ fio-tfaer, wich 
equal truth remarked, by way of apology for the'Aolteof tMi. 
-WotHletfcl genius, vbiit (hgr ^ «ay jtxkij be attributed ai^t toofc^ 
^iiiibbling, lieeiitious taite of. fate time $' and that iie^ < iu> 
^kitbt, on MMf oeeaiions, wmte wildly S mer«Iy lo ppntity 
4hb pubKc ; as Dryden wrote bombaftk^ally, and Congi^e oh^ 
iieenely, to indulge Ac bnomirs, and engage the farour of cbck 
audiences/ 

* Why thefli* our Editor aflcs, * (hould not the ncAltf iftonu^ 
soent» be has left ua,— 4>e refiored to doe proportion and natu- 
H\ loftre, by fweeping off tbofe cobwdis, and that daft of do^ 
pnvdd opinioni whldi Sbaketfpeare was unfortunacdy forced 
to titrdw oA them ; fbr<jpd, we fcy, 4or it is m ftraiii of ima- 
gHmtion fo (uppofe that the Goths and Vandals of cHdcifhi^ 
^ho frequented tiie theatre in bis days, would^ Hke thofe whd 
over* ran the Roman empire, have dtftroyed and ^on^ned to 
WbAroUs dbtivion the fubline beamies which ih^ oould not 
felUb s and it is matter of great qneftion with us, whciber the 
J^l in Kinff Lear was not a mote general ^vorite, than the 
'Old oionarcn bimfelf/ 

The Aoyt confiderations^ we are told, firft fuggefled tbd 
ideti which hath produced the prtient edition ; and among tbfd 
pecidifur itfes of « printed copy of Sbalce(peare*s piiys, with the 
I^M tigtdtttHl according to the Prompters books^ the Editors have 
oUerved, that thofe who take books to the^theatfc, will not be 
pQfldled to .occompanry the fpeaker, aor oyer ape to cohdemii 
^ perforan^Kfar being imperfe^^ when they pafs over wha| 
1i defigfiedly omitted. Here, however. It is obferved, t]hat at 
ibine paflages, of great merit for the clofet, are never fpoken, 
Jitth^ though omitted in tiie tnct^ are heft carefully preferved in 

' And wHtl regard to the crhicpt part of tbis undertakings 
^hidh is not by any means hdd forth as its greatefl merit, tb|i 
f^ltors prefers, t\)at ^ hfivin^ been long conyinced tbat multi^ 
plyjlig coo^utcal verbal criticifais, tends rather to j)erplex tha^ 
jnferol 4^ icadeir, (hey have given tbofe xeadings whic^b to thoffi 
iqqMflfod moft.copfpoant^ tbe Author's mannot a^qd Waning^ 
•wklMit d>tnHUng oat capriciottsjopiAioo on an$ithtr.^ 

• «<Xieglsrftt|r«lM^ awtwfldhtapofv^.^ Pojp.i. 

Rev^ Feb. 17744 t ^' Ttitf 



146 SbAetpnxei Pldfi. 

They * htve t1(b fumiflied an explanation t( (echnitil W 
obfolete terms ; pointed oat the Itading beauties as tbey occiif» 
without defcantine; fo much as to anticipate the header's con- 
ceptioa and inrefiigation ; and tbe^ have (hewn what aopearcd 
to them to be blemi(hes and imperfedions. The requifites fo 
leprefeoting every charader of importance are defined^ and fthe 
mode of perGormance e&otial for fcenes peculiarly capital, ii 
pointed out/ 

In further expatiating on the value of this edition, they fum 
up all by claiming the merit 4)f having ^ eameftly confuliied 
corrednt&i ncatne^, ornament, utilitv, and cheapoefs of price. 
We have,* it is added, < avoided all oftentation of criticifin, 
€ompaSing our notes as much a^ poffible.-r»It has been our pecu^ 
liar endeavour to render what we call the eflfence of ShakeQ^eare 
more inftrudive and intelligible ; efpeciidlv to the ladies and to 
youth \ glaring indecencies being removed, and intrtcate pafl*- 
ges explained ;-*-a genend view of each play is. aUb giveo, hr 
way of introduSion/ This laft eircumftance, we think, wiU 
be peculiarly agreeable to younger readers ; as may al(b the £§^ 
^n Oratory^ pr^ed by way of general introdudion : althqufl^ 
it might, with equal propriety, be prefixed to the works of au^ 
other eminent dramatic writer. 

With refpe6l to the numerous engravings with which this 
edition is embeliiihed, it would be great iojuftice to the pulih 
liiher not to acknowledge, that moft of them are elegant, to ^ 
degree furpaffing any plates of the kind, of fo (mail a iise. ^l 
few of them may, perhaps, aferd the connoifleur (bme room 
for criticifm, with refpe<^ to the difigning and dramwg^ aa w^ 
-aa in relation to the choia* of the fcenes reprefented : yet, on 
the whole, thefe cuts are certainly the pretti^ oroamenta tibafi 
have yet been beftowed on any pocket edition of the works of 
our moft excellent bard : and the bookfeHer allures us, ia faU 
advertifement printed at theend of his numerous lift of* fub* 
fcribers, that as he < t^ss folicitcd and obtained the patronage 
of the generous public in the prefent undertakiog, he hopes 

* Of this there is a remarkable inftance in the frontiipiece to 
Henry V. The fob|ed is the French fojdier fapplicating Anckat 
.Piflol to fpare his life, and PlAol 4|uibbling about Sigmiar Dfvct^ 
Was there nothing in this plav ii|ore important> more worthy of be- 
ing exhibited in a pi6tore ? The fcene it&lf is a difgrace td the rd( 
of this drama ; and oar Editors themfelves are of the fame opinioD : 
for they have exprefsly reprobated the whole of this fcene in thdr 
note upon it ; declaring that it is, throaghojt, defpicable, unnecet^ 
fary, and ferving no parpoie bat to deftroy the dignity of expedatioB« 
J£atthi*vanr-fe6ne, "^dqf^kM^ as 4t is, haib Ceea chofai lor ^ 
purpofe of decoration $.10 the exdnfioa of every other aoN ftiikioc 
aiKi more reipeftahle part of tfre play. 
. „.. — ^.. ^ Aiougk 



Mif<tllan0ut MHi Fmkivi Pink. nf 

througb a cqmioiiance of ir^ to tmnplefe Shakefj^are's works. 
With equal if noi fuperior elegance. The engravings/ he adds^ 
^ for the reoiaining plays, are nearly fihifhed^ by a feledl num- 
ocrofthemoflinpniops artifts j^ Which with thcletter-preft^wiU 
t>e publilhed early in the Spring, iii three adclitional volumes. 

%♦ One thing we woulci hint to the Bookfeller, with re- . 
fpeft to the beauty of his imprcfjidn. 'The cditidn, no doubt, 
as to the paoer and the type, is far from inelegant: but we ima* 
gine it would be more uniformly pleafing, if the tedioud recom* 
inendatory catalogues of Mr. BcH^s books did hot appear, as 
Ihey do, at tTie end oF almoft every' play ; fwelling the volumes 
With their difgUff ful repetitions. In the fecoiid edition, we hope 
thcfe very improper /upple'mehts to Shakespeare will be wholly 
bmitted, or cohhned to their proper ftation^ at the end of the 
Volume. 



AiiT« XII!; M^iAt)rMiJr MkM Fiqi^nfi FUdln. Sibtl] 8vo« 2 Vols% 
7 u D^VMii *774* 

MUCH may be ftid in ftvdur of coUcaions of frftall de- 
tached trafls, arid fugitiVe'pfeces; arid mucll hai becrtj 
tvith great propriety, ftid oh the^fubjeQ, ih idifcourfe* pre- 
fixed to the HarUtan Mifceilany. That leartied and ingenious 
Writer ha^ obferved, that * tHefe is, perhaps, no nation \tk 
which it Is fo neceflarv as iH oiir own, to afleriible^ from time 
tp time, the fnuill tracts ^nd fugitive pieces wHi^h ani bccafion- 
iatly ^ublilhed : fpf, tieftde the genei-al Aibje^s of enquiry which 
"aLXt cultivated Ky \js, in comtnori With eVery other learned na- 
tion, but cohftiiutibn, in church and ftat(^| hatUrally gives birth 
CO i> multitude of performances, which Woiild thither not have 
bd^eh written, or could nbt H^ve b^ch mad$ public. In any dther 
place/ 

* The Form of 6mt govel'nrtieht,' it is added, « which gives 
cVdry than whd ha^ leiflire, oi curiofity, or vanity, the right of 
"eriqiiiririg iht6 the j^rbpriety of public meafures, and, by cbnfe- 
quence, obliges thofe who are ientrufted with the admihiftratioii 
<5f na:iohai affair?;* to give ah account fef their eonduS to al* 
moft every man who demands it, may be feaforiably imagined 
to have bccadoried innutT^erabl6 pafnphlets which Wdiild never 
have appeared under atbitrary govcrninents, where fcircry man 
lulls himfelf in indolence under calamities, of which he cannot 
- I ■ I 1 ,. . ; I. — _— , — II 

^ That difcourle is now detached from the eight lafge quartos to 
wliich it originally belot\f;ed, and is ^ere reprinted as a trad deferr* 
ing a place' in a ofifcellany cofafifting of tBe fihaller, occafional, un- 
cofihedled modtfftiont of ingenions men; It appears, froft the ftylev 
to hanre Veto wrMeil by ihe ^m^ reft«ai^l« Author of the Rambi^bii, 

.La . promott 



148 Mlfcillanenm and Fughhi Phces^ 

' promote the Fedrefs, of thinks it prudent to conceal the nneafi- 
nefs, of which bd cannot couiptain without danger.- 
. * The multiplicity of rcIiaioMs feds, tolcratS inioiig uj^ (rf 
which every one has found opponents and Tindicators/ it 11 
farther obfervec], * is another, fource of unachauftiblepd^licatiQii, 
almo(l peculiar to ouri^Jves ; for controv^fies cannpt be long 
continued, .nor frequently revived, where an inquifitor has 2 
right to {hut op the difpjutants in dungeons, or where filcnce 
can be imppfed on either party by the refufal of a licence.' 

This very fenfibfe obferver proceeds to remark, that we arc 
not to infer, frcm the foregoing premifes, that political or re- 
ligious cpntroverfles are the only produds of the Britifli ^e&. 
^ The mind,' fays he, < once let loofe to enquiry, and fuffi^ed 
to operate without rcftraint, neceflarily deviates into peculiar 
opinions, and wanders in new tracks, where flie n ipdeed fenMs 
times loft in a labyrinth, from which, though (he cannot return, 
Md. t^arca kwws how ta pmcipd, yu. Um^W^^xtkHgef uMU 
difcoveries, or finds out nearnc paths to knowledge/ 
' With rs(pe A to the happy U^l^njt of htfmsifr^ in wbkl^ ^o £q^ 
lilh are faid ip, much to excel, that a greater varietji of humottr is 
found among the natives of England, than in any ojther coun- 
try •—* Doubclcfs,* fay? he, « where every man ba; fujl Hberq^ 
to propaga^ .his conceptions, variety rf fau^mour niuj^ prod«^ 
v^^iety 9f \yrk^rs ; and where the aumbeir of authors is fq great, 
tbece can^t but be fome worthy of diftin£Uon/ 
^ Thefe, and other caufes. affigned bv our Aqthov, have, be 
concludes, contributed to. m^kc bampnlets and fn>^U trads a 
very iQi portent part of an Englim library \ nor arp diere any 
piece; upon whuch thoic who afpire to the rc^^ioji of judi- 
cious coileSors of books, beftow more attention, -or giAter^l- 
pence ; becaufe many advantages may be expe^ed from the pe- 
rufal of tbf fe fmaU produdipns, which ar^ fc^c^ly :|q be^fbtmd 
in that of larger works«^ Thefe advantages are, bjr our Au- 
thor, here enumerated; and he fliews in, what mapner ^ 
hji^prlcai, tl^ religious, and otb<et enji/utirers, n^y receive b^^ 
fit froti^ the ftudy o£ pamphlets and imall trfda: but for par- 
ticulars, we refer to the 4i^courfe at large. 

Th^ colle<^iop before us, however, is not e otksely compofefi 
of pieces w^icb have originally aopcared in the form of pain- 
pblets^ T)\e naoft confiderable articlcf , and the gr^ateft ottmbei, 
are extraded from much larger complements than the preTent*, 
to the voluminous, ai^d In many refpefis the vdnable^ maft of 
materials contained in the Oentlem^*sMaga3;ine,^.che Ediiof 
is peculiarjy obliged, !( i^ tyell knqwjftbat the cqmprah^o^ 
cenius to, whom. we have venturecl to a0g^ the pq^^ce ta 4c 
HarkianMifoeUisuiy,hadi for loa^X )K?% > cpii^qil ^fidL,th||^ 
M^gazu)C3 andas it was th^ piiacipal part of o«r EdiitorVdtfigv, 

m 



MifieBaneourandFjigiihi Puces; 149 

to colled the fcattered produ&ions of Dr. J 's juftly ad- 

iiHitd pHiu, lb liHI^i^rdA «^ ^ Ate Ih^ry ffdrilhittdi iUv^^ 

fited. From tbefe ample "Kbits, andir^m new editicms of fome 
ytnf itpuiaWe SngiiQl 4kiiliiort« kt bat accbrdiii§ty fel^aiMT, 
feveftlwell-Jtttitttd pieoes o{ biitgnphj*, vit.^ie>U«#s of Sir 
Francis JkAcy ^t)h Syifi^nbMl, Jl^haate,. Ro^f Mdisitt), 
Sir Thomas Bcowd, and Peter Barman } not overlooking tWat ' 
oF Edward Catey the mptt»lptoj^6r aWdfacceOlaiiconduc- 
tor of the' Mttgti&ine attove^morMd. 

Befides tliicfe biagraphical ^iectsy we hM nmkt \rtth fi^eril 
ocberirsnas afcribKiitoxhe fame exceUent writer j feme ttf wh'rt^ 
Ofigihaliy' appeared' iik the form o€ fiipSMMr ptsmphlefe, others 
m prd^ees to books ; ^amoisgfwfakb'Wt oHt^e a VrttSt 0iltitted» 
ARjM^-rf o Fr^rBnfuhif hm Si Oriiiiit ^ B^U^ which Wt 
alv^ays Mrierftfliod to be :«iie inwhttton «f a fievtreiiil ^titto^ 
Bian Who is itoe iiere itam^i and wMo^ f er tatf^, Wttr not e^eti 
abooght of h^ the Editor f. ^ • 

We here hnet4ilfo with i^ f .^ cdebrnteKT jpttft df «rt En^t^ 
Didionaiy, m « letter to Lord^Ciseiterfiiid ; 'tflfottf^ Doao^i 
preface to the Mio edhioii ^ ttlat Oidionary : to ^Ktch itft 
added his f n^y i * fdk( pffiotiiig ctie drattitiic #oitei^df Sl^alfef^ 
peart, and M ^^ t0 iris edivioti'O^ fhalt Poet.. ^HIS «iflet-^ 
tation on Pope's fij[iftaphs.i7libcyi4tt to be* fbUiid in ^efe Vd- 
himes, togjsther wMi foim imiiogiieft } LoiM^t>, 4 p«em ; arid 
the Vanity ^ ihmnn WnOfM ^s^th^ft ^oetieal jfl^ee^ w^ 
b9wever» before coUaded in OodAey'^ MifcellaAletf; 

AiMn%th»prodtndiom of'^cithtr wrkers, W^hWe h^re foVtti 
fiecH >y tbe RefMtud Dn Fianklhi, Mr. ColAyan^ the Ikte 
n^niotts liat inihappy Robert Llfoyti $ and the Sftetle ^f Utt 
Wigs, written fay. tiiit arch fyw tf h^rt^otir Bonne) t^mtdh', 
as\a kind of additioital camo tb Garth's Difienfilrj. Thil 
Mtek^Heroic was firlt pdblifted ift 176!$, in rtdictSte of tNs 
dHputOB then iubfiftin^ between the reiubifs of the Uol^gb df 
Pbyficiaos and the tiwitiam. See a farther acc<a^nt oif thi^ 
merry performance in vol. xxxvUi. p. 141. of ftur Re^^iew. 

t^ Aa advertisement in&>rms, that a Third volume of this 
MifceUaqeous Colledioii is in the prefs ; with which the Editor 
wiUpoffibly give iis4i gcaefal preface t^ the wholes there hetng 
none to the prefent volum^v 

• • Of Br. Ji^ talent for HHir (Jjecici of coiflpdfitlbD, ^We f irt)Iic 
hath long been io pofleffion of an excellent fp^im^ in T&i Lift of 

. .t Sitctf.lkM#«icl9 wascaai^edBd ae tUs piefsy a« )ia«^ biein if- 
JS^e4 that Pf. |f.has acknowledged^ thr tiaft heih mentionttU 

L 3 FOKEIGN 



( «S0 J 

FoKPiOH Articles inmdgifor our lafi Appbkdi% (fMJhd( 
with ib$ Review for January ][ but omitteifor wmn rf r$§m. 

A R T. XIV. 
Dikuii dis Sums dt ^EiaUifimi^^ &«.--A Detail of d^ Succeft 
tr^ich kiA atteiid«d the EfUhUfluaent fiumed by tke City of Paris 
, in Favour ctf P^rfons drowned, , <(C. By M« P* A* i amo* Paris. 
' 1773- 

TH £ amounts wbicb have ^^een publiflied of the beneficial 
confequences that have attended the laudable endeavoua 
of tb^ ^opaty formed about fix years ago at Amfterdam, for 
the rec^ery of ^.rowned perfons, appear to have esxited the at- 
tention oi fevcral other cooununities or fiates % particiilatfly in 
different p^a of Germany^ Fiaoce^ and Italy } where fimitar 
inftttutioos have hoeo formed, ekber under the immediate di- 
re^ioOf or tbe patronage of goevernment.. To promote, as Ux 
%s wias in 0¥r ppwer^ the boicvolent and truly patriotic ddignt 
of the Amflerdam Society, by extending, the knowledge of their 
plan^ we b%ve formerly related their fucceft, and expatiated 
pretty largely on the ratUaaUf oir grounds, on which it was 
^und^ f« It will therefore be iVificient for us to obferve with 
itfpe^ to tb^ prefent publication, that it contains an account 
of the regulauoos that have been formed and publiflied at Paris, 
und^ tb^ dire ^400 9f the magiftracy, in behalf of perfons who 
have been drowned, and a circumftantial detail of the di^brent 
paf<?s whkh have already fallen, under the cognizance of this ce- 
cent eftablk(hment. Thcfe regulations tiave already been pro-r 
dudiv.e of the perfed recovery of fixteen pexfons, out of twenty, 
who have, in th^ fp^e of five months, been dravm out of the 
w#tef« The greater part of this number were reputed to be 
^eadj and would, a.iew years ago, have been treated as fuch ^ 
\n coofe<}uence of tbe fingular and abfurd police, and praudice% 
which feem long to have prevailed throughout a conuderable 
part of^Eurc^, with regard to accidents of this kind} an4 
y/Wich were calculated to deprive tbe unfortunate patient df tbe 
inolt diftant change of recovery. 

' ♦ See the Appendix to our 4^th vol. page 556, and to ov 471^, 
page 552» and our Review for O^ober lUk, page 909-^31 1. 

A i^ T. XV. 

Sraiii iht Sukidi^ Ht dm Miurir&nfoktitairt dt Jhi-miHfi. Pmt Jtm. 
Dtmqf. A T^^ 9^ Selfn^e^ ^ Sip, ^^erdan. 
>773- "• ' 

IF felf murder be a crime ; as it c^tainly is & as much at 
lyii^ with a neighbour's wife, or any other immoral ad ; 
f very attempt to demonftrate its criminality, anj to expofe io 
l^atural deformity, i^ highly commendable^ andl may be ufefbl^ 



iM* fifoportion to the ftrengdi of the effint thsit is made. Tbe 
mkionanCf on thf» fol^edf if» that hitherto wit and talents 
^ have generally appeared in favour of vice. This may be owing 
t6 a^ common iniiFmity of human nature $ a difpofltion to em- 
brace or rejeA ak$giihir a fet of principles or opinions which 
in giniral it approves or difappi^es* ' Snictde is a^erimcUicoord- 
Ing to the dodrines and fentiments of all the CfariAian thuvrttts. 
With thofe who, on whatever ptincsples, have rcnounoed.Cfari^ 
tianity, it has been very much the cuftom to-oppofe t^afiyfiem^ 
at all points ; and particularly to adopt the opinion that^fiticide 
is allowable, and even in fome caies a duty. ThoTe who have 
fet tbemfdves to controvert this opinion, have very abfiirdly 
done it on the principles of the Chnftiah rriigion, which their 
antagonifts do not acknowledge ; and thofe ^Sbo defend it, dc« 
fend it on principles whidi Chriftiaiis a0ed to defptfe. They 
may thus fight on to' eternity ; without even coming to blows i 
a common praAice among theological and moral difputants* 

The Author before us is a believer; and he argues aeoord^ 
iogIy« This would be very proper, if Cbriftians hdd a con- 
trary opinion. But, ' as thu is not the cafe, we ap|Mhend it is 
fo much labour toft. He however ventures maiifully onthe 
enemy's ground; and is not afraid to take up the WMpons of 
philofophy and reafon. We have ieen them better wielded i 
but we commend him for his courage; he cannot help bis Waat 
pf ftrength.— He treats his fubjeft in the following mmiicr : 
• After having defined fuicide, he (hews chat a man oo^tnot 
to difpofe of a life which he has received from God, without 
HIS leave; and that God ba^ not given any fuch leave^^^He, 
then confiders the evils which refult from tbe nature <if things, 
fliews wherein they are ufeful ; and fbennbufly combats die 
opinion,^ that they, in any cafe, imply a permiffion from Qod^ 
to put an end to our lives. — After labouring this point through. 
Ibveral chapters,- he confiders the tnfHnAs of Nature and tbe 
judgments of reafon as always leading us to preferve and not to 
dtftroy ourfetVes. This brings him to the pretenfiotis of ^lofe 
feds of pMlofophers who countoianced or allowed of fuicide ; 
peierving however his main flrength for fome modern apologies 
which are thought to have done credit to this practice. The 
firft oT thefe,* is'the famous apology for fuicide in the 74th of 
Tbe Pirfian Liters \ the fecond is, an.apology of the fame kind 
in The Sj/lem of Nature ; and the laft is an argument advanced 
, in the celebrated NouvelU Hekife. We fhall give the Reader 
limie part Of what the Author has here urged againft Mr. 
Rottfleau. 

• In the 2|ft letter of the third volume of Ehifa^ the Au- 
thor reduces* the queftion concerning fuicide to this funda- 
.mental propofitibn : *< To feek good, and to avoid evil, in that 
Ifvhich does not injure another, is ^ ri^t of nature. When life 

L 4 is 



itaaevD^tovs, ^nt t gjMtio Ps>Jt$kf» p^thtU «o i 
gtt rid of ift. : (f time he in xSm ^WcU a mtxioi evidbut tad 
oiPtitet I tfMk it is tboi i aad il k i» t4 be over^CDed^ tha» 
is no himan adioa, which aaimac be laade out to be a 

.Mr«:DMma».atiirifii tlie priaaiple; botdani^ th0 ceofe- 
iiautfca^ ^ Tiio f^kmiflti^ f^rt bt^ it hemt^tStM^ if \ff mi- 
liir itte> ttiiderftand aot aay ^ am* fbUoar-crdatiitot ooIfY 
>|it alfb^thc Betty* Foi:, tfaoagh Qad cannot ba oflEradedl 
in the liaae tnanner as.taaatb^ ia o0ciKied . in, a^awloer 
pecuUar to himfelf, wbaa Ua.creabiret, whptt^ be Itta^ oiade 
intelUgeat ted fiee, dtie^ to encroach on hatrigbtt* to.difttejr 
bi9 wiU> toeppoTe httvicw^t .ta^ iadefiaoeaefhiaa wiiaait 
l-tpogptitt to jkidire, toicafim^^ tocoflficbante ; what-cM J fc o oet pi 
tbfmfiJi^est atid deftroyt m tbeti that umon betura^ foal tad 
bodf uMitfa God httnieif hat itrmed* Thir conAa^ it aff^ 
five tQiUm^ net that tli makes hiM fafibr, Qfidestbiin any hurt; 
Mt 4Lit viobum that order of which he is th4 Soiirc^e^ tndv . at 
it «ere> .the Guardian ; degrades and de£acet in oiaii tile w6jj^ 
of. bitrbttfit, af which he fejeakytis; and of'whkh* Ke^loao 
oogbtao dHfRofe-i at it* is tn ingratitude toitodsbite} a eeii* 
taotptiof Jiis benefits^ a: rebellion againiltbe lajMta of i|is Prm* 
dafteaySHid ao vfiirfiadaA of his Divirio airtiarortty'ovcr ilis czt»i> 
taias*^..*. 

In ihiaaian^er onr Avthoc eonfldrn this cdebrattd ktttr, tȴ 
fade t piopnfHiaas and- a^mcnts. He theH dves Lord B^s 
tfiSptr to tiM*wbo)e $ which mtliy of our Readers wilt <txmk 
iBcra^o the purpofe^thtn aH omr- Aatbdr'd declafflUtion. 

On thewteoh^ thtl boak is weH intended, and con6i2iis many 
good thiogt^ bat it is not likely to be mtich read by. the wAi 
iQireii of the Ltttrts P4rfonnis^ tba Sffiinu irh NatMre^ or 4i^ 

Art. XVI. 

^*Jmi diVHumatit^i 9u, Lotrt d'un Frmi^U ij^ahli a LmAu Mmd$ 
fij Jmis iM frame, — The Fiiend of Humanity ; or^ t Lct^r fimn 
a Fi'enchBiao In I/>Qdon to one of his ^riandt in Ffftactt I^ondaa* 
De Lorme. 1773. 

EVERY performonoc that tands to promote aaffMrit of ufiir 
verial benevolenccv to remove religious [>rejiidiaeS tb 
^ften the afperity of party wA^ to wcalun the inAkieni^. of 
bi|Otry, and to unite mankind in the bondl of ^hiM tfiedvn^ 
(how roiich. foever th^ may difier in their frntaairitte upoii caii« 
traverted points) is entitled to the candid accepuoce af tkft 
Public,-— although the writc¥ aaay not have Uve ^ojbphy of a 
Bayle, or the eloquence of a Voltaire* The iCtthor of tbit 
Letter poilcflb what may prove afjually cHodaal njth manjt 

f wad^ 



IF^MBfo^.^vricui; 151 

fftAm^^i^ fimidicttf and ftannrtori^ of in hooeft) wdl^ 



w m *■ .. I a i^» ^ 



y^n^AAON^ AtMtKOS. JpotUnii iHbi/4f lfXfC0it Gr^Mtm UiiMts 

foitqru^lLqca 4t/liw^ttf indica'^it^ notis at^ J, n im o d 'otrpom\u . 

hgrpetuit nhjtr^wty tt 'Oirfion^ LMtinam aajtcif^ ^otamuj B^^ 
' iifik tajparki I^Amfi lit VtlUifou^ RitU Ujlriptiomum^ itffus Suma^ 
\ miorwm tiftr^ttum Acmdnmie Parijunfis Sociui. Cum FrUe^ominifj. 

'^fMm mm C§dk9s Mmfi^pi Utemnm ifo^M ^ Cmipm^^^ 



tUnihut, TfXetaphr^Ji/qut ii tirtii lliatui Lihri, — ApoUooiiift's ^avkmi 
Humiricum^ Sec. By J. B. CaTpar, of the Academy of Infcriftioos 
'^ and Belles Lettres. iVbb. 4to. Parii. '1773. 

LE^iCPNS ex^upv^ adapce4 to {Mrtipular booka m ofi 
fiogj^wr utility in f^cilitiiting the ImliiKfii of loanuag^ 
and expediting the pro^refs of the Tyro. But m thia ia tbetr 
prioct^ and, it is ftcqiicnaly to.be regretted thai thaar.bulfc 
ja To enonni>iifly and jU)hede(Uri]y fiaditd. The Ldciopn Hp^^ 
swricum of. Apolbmna migfat, an a proper fitai l)avli«liarie» 
v€ry ufefbl (chool^book^ Inrt in. ita pceOnt An^ we ftppOB*' 
bend, it will be of no geaeiai ufe. . Mta of Itaiaaof.ygimtdT 
^o tranfl^tion of tba-Gnaefc f diolia fty nnd rhafa roluniM are tas 
>nighty for fc^hool-boys. Tbeir^only propfr aepepfacka aft tii« 
public libraries, to which the le^rnipg the^ CQfimn fuffidentl/ 
recon>mends them* 

A E T. XVIII.^ 

pi3i9miairt x^iifMue ufutjtrfil d$ Maiitrf MedinJe^ cotKirnmiU Ut Vi* 
getoMXt ^* Animaux it lis Mimraux qui font d^V/np in Midjcim ; 
Ttmn thfiript^vnst Uufs Analjjts, hun Fertus^ Uurs Pnpriite$^ l^c» 
ncu^Ufis di Mani/crits iriginanx^ it da fntilleurs Jutturs an^ewi^i^ 
HndemiSy tant err angers qne di witn Pttji ; aniec nnt Tahh raijpriul 
di tins Iti mms qui cbaque foys a dinnh omx mftkit VigUaux^ Aki* 
wuMx a Mtmraax.-^ An Umverfal Didionary^ 8tc. Svo. 4 Voln 
Paris. 1773. 

TH £ title of this work la fufficieat to 0iew what is con* 
tained in it ^ and, aa to its merit, we need only f^y^ 
|}mt the. madkil iciidcr will find k aa u^ul ^d valuahle pfi« 



#• 



A R r; 



Art. XIX. 

JsUl iuuc Gau A la Cumpagmi ; .ou Traite des MalaJies Its plus c$ah 
wumes ; awe d$i Oh/ervationt Jkr ks Camfes dt Malaga du PnipU^ 
Jkr f4^us dis Rmtde4 fi des Jltmems donfU fait U/age^ it fur csmx 

\ ^u*il doit employer pour Ji fuerir des 'Rlaladie's aux futffes'ij eft 1$ phu 
expoje^ quand (J' n*eft par a for fee d* avoir te Jecouri d*un Medicin^ 
Ouvrage frh-utile aux Tafteuri, Chirurgiens^ et Gems de la Cam* 
fagne. — Advice to Country People • or, 'a Treadie conceming the 

^ moft common Diftempers ; withObiervationi on fhetr Cauics, Re- 

* medies, ^c ^y M. Didclot. ' i2mo* Paris. 1773. 

/hr^ H E ^n^U utility of a wofk of ihK Viod, by a parfiaa of 
X- knowledge^ Judgment^ and coipcrieiKe» is fuficiouly ob* 
vtoua.-^Thc €«ltbrated M TiflToti we are credibly infiniDed, 
Ipcaks of this A¥ts 4n terms of the wenneft approbatioO) Which, 
to fay the leafH is a Very ftrong prtfuteiptiofr in its ftroar, 
' %• fFe are oMipd to a friendif Om/fondknt fir the ^mgmg 
Utile Article. ' . 

m ' I ■ ^ > — ' '■ ' * 

* * A i^ T. ' XX. 

BUmens de Littcrature, txiraits deCoArs dg Belks-Lettrtf de M. VMS^ 
4 Batteux. Par un Prc/eJeur.'-The Eleaients of I^ilcnttiu^, ice. 

* iimo* 2 Vols. Paris. 177 $•' 

THIS is a very dear, diflio£t, and judicious abridgnoot of 
. the Caurs de Belles- Lettres by Abbefiatteux. The Abridger 
has added feve^al jefleSions herrowed.from celebrated writerst 
together with fomcobfervacionscoiicepung the ftate of litera* 
tlireio£ogbodt Gennanj, Italy, &c. 

JllONTHLY CATALOGUE. 

For F E B R U A R Y, . 1774. 
Poetical. 

Art. 21. An Heroic P^fcript to the Public y occafipned by their 
favourable Reception of a late Heroic Epiftle to Sir JFilUam Cb»m^ 

* lers^ Knt, lie. By the Author of that Epiftle. 410. i s. Al« 
mon. 1774; 

TH £ ingenious Writer exults, with fpirit and humour« on (he 
fuccefs of his Heroic Epiftle *, &c. and 

' Now to the Public cuoes his grateful lays, ^ 
Warm'd with the fun-fliine of Sc public praifc j 
Warm'd too with mem'ry of that golden time, 

* ' When AUnon gave him reafon for his rhyme.' 

* Glad are we to learn that this hitherto * cardefs pen/ waits bat 
a pi^per call tamore ferioas employment-; and that the Writer 

^ — is, and means to be his country's friend. 
^ Tis but to try his ftrength that now he fports 
With Chioefe gardens, and with Chinefe cAsrts ; 

• " •See Review for April laft, p. 3i4» 

Bat 



' ^Qtifl^tcoitfitiycbiihcgrty^ftniiq/ 
tTrcal daager thrett*&ir Fne^dpm'f mm. , 
|f hirelin^T*»r8, in prolfitution bold, ' • . 

8dl htt' as' cheaply «$' them&lves they fold ; 
Or they, who hoi|oar*d by tht People's choice^. , * 
^^UBft ^at People lift ntdr rel^el yoice, , 
Aod». baiely cronchiiig |br their paltry pay^ 
Vote the beft birthrieht of her (bi^s.sway, 
Perah citation's in-bprn n^th to fly 
In Hiean; nnkingly prodi£ality : 
]!^or, e>r they give, dkntrfr the fmps were (pent, 
So qnickly fqiiander'd, thopgh lb lately lent-^-— 
' tf this thty dare ; the thandtr of his fong, * 

Rolling in deep-tonM energy idong» 
Shall ftrike,%ithTfti^*s dfead bok, each mifgreant'taMMa 
Who, dead to doty, fenielefs e'en to fliame • 

Bctra3r'd his aoantry. Yet ^ ye fiuthlefs crew, ' 
His Mofe's yengeance fliaU yont crim^ parfoe, 
'Suetcb-yoa on iatire's rack, and bid y«Q lie 
Fit garbage for the hell-hoandf Infamy.' 
Boldly aftwpanefd! bot wbethet.thisthreatcaiag:dedanidon wil) 
produce any greater eScQ, than the Q)d wt>xnan'9 counter blaft to 
the thonder, no one c^ pronoaBce,'but«very body wiHj^efs. 
^U 22. Qdi t0 thi Rigkt Hoh^ Sfinur Earl of N^tbmiiptm. 
4to. 6d. Robinfon, &c. 1774* 
A compliment to the Norrliampton' family ; and not indegan^ 
Art. 23. F$m^^ ArtiJ^i \ or^ Uharbt F'^k outwitttL 4to« I 9« 
SidJey, '^774: 
The flbry of this poetical naitative diiclcfret the manaer iiT which 
Vit. F — wi^ duped oy the noted Mrs, G - , who, it b hero fiud» 
f[>Qnd roeaas to perfnade him that (he conld procure him a ypnng 
Weft-Indian wife; with a fortune of 160,000 1. Thcf Author declare^ 
that *- every the mioiiteft circumftance has a foundation in truth ; 
that there are no flowers of invention, no embelUfliments of poccical 
^ncy<; bot that all the particulars are related with the very fame de- 
cree of predflon (he wiflies he ciquld add, with the faipe portion of 
Tfmiuitr) tliat Mr: C^ F— x relates them hHnf<^«' We «re inclined 
to credit the whole of this declaration, becaufe we find that one part 
of it is flnMy tme, viz. that tharcare * wfitwen of inveationt 
po embelliflimenti of poetical fl^ncy/ in this performance, 

%* 4^^^^"& ^X ^^^ ^^y» ^^ ^^^^ of uiis tale, if Authors and 
Pribters nvill be blabbing fuch anecdotes,' wher^ U the wonder that 
Mr. F* was fo fevere upon them, in cer^in late debates about a ican* 
dalous Letter : vid. Art. 50. of this month's Caulogae. 
Art. 24* The Sedffcb after Happimfs \ a paftoral Drama* The 

Third Edition. 8vo. is.6d. Cadell. 1773. 

* It is with pleafu^ ^t fee our opinion of Mifs Mores ingenious 

ooem confirmed by the public approbation, in the demand of a third 

^dition : an^ i;lre attend to it a lecond time on account of a very fpi- 

' ritcd epiIo#«e whfch is now added to it, and which was fpoken when 

^t was perlormed by a fet Qf young ladies; an ezercife wr wooU by 

aU ncims reC^mmend^ as tlie piece' is entirely calculatei to make 

%^^' them 



15&. •MoKTm.Y Cataloovi^ ^<^WE^« 

them both fpeak aadthkk aJtb^r^m^t, mi^u A/qipfphmd zaihor 
of theJlafflbler woold cxprcij it^ to imtu thur ^rgfmrU/& 9rtbetm^ 
sf iiocutha, «W ii ctkftrud tBur ifgorah om tie plmn cf-r$fthwitm 

' In this epilogjie MUs ^ore thiu UbciaUy CDmeliACAtt berSifier- 
Authors: ♦ 

< When moral Carter oitadies tha ftram diviA«» 
Afid Aildn*s life i!owft &altleb as her liiMic 
When'aH-accom^lijQi'd Kfontagae qpa fpread'^ 
Frelh- gathered lajucltroimd her Sbatoeipfar^'s head ; 
When wit and worth sn polilhi'd Brodu uniiCy 
And £ur Macaiilajr claims a Lily's riglit, 
Br09iJSmo! Imttrt! tiKmril 
htu as* 7^^ ^^ &«^> a^ Poem ; by J^ha HadAeftone 
Wyaoe* Gent. 4t«w as,6<d. Riliif^ ^e. 17/$. 
lliisisa.wiei^l^hDdfrifaiaiia rfayint offoiM )^tges in Thom« 
fen's charming wotk on that fufayeft. Th^ M vdtfee tve fo nome- 
roos, and the whole {o infipidf that it jseim not die kaft iaciention. 

- S r- K I » (K 

« Fro« taorts^uid citits tint the cMat'teiB loi^e? 

^. Nov W% £bcngr,* tfty ipower I uwn, * 
Bf vdlich the naiT«4b (kbSfts ii^Nik.' 

Nor e^er did liS£f% lim^d (Iream 
Iteflca a fiuTCT ^. ' ' 

S u. M «A « •• 

^^ 1^ w *"" ^^* the glorious God of Light 

Hi? tbrmi^ abfence with new beams dii|Jaf3» 
And^r/i the mountains with his suiie^mt rays.' 
Truly Hii>erAi«n^! Biit (his Author haa one degita oTteeril fb# wUch 
ha ought tq have crcdiw that ha aover hat tlM hfaitinaict to take 
theiiherty aCinaniiiig thoTeprincinal aatbors Irooi whom he hOtnm% 
or oa whom his iipitatioAs 'are a Diiritfipie» at his atthttyffeK Fcr 
this they ace indebted to him* 

Art^ a6/ M Epifik UjfmmK 410* it; 6d« lUdiaidfim 
atfdCob iff ^4 
Half a^ctowa Bve fiMk-^Bal wtt ibrbear I the Aattotmsf want ia. 

DHASXATIC. 

Art. 77. The Nate of Hdnd% cr^ Trip u New-Marht. Aa k 
* is afled at the Theatre in Drury-Lane. 8to. is. Becket. 177a* 
We have, in this little rwo-aft piece» (bme Kyely» iauffhahle, 
and juft fatire on the twf and taile gamblers. The fecona {bene 
prefents a rich exhibitibn'^ of this (brt; but the reft of the piece is 
much inferior, in point of huikionr and (birif,— It hatK befso iaids 
that a perfon 6f rank, whb hath feiMd in a publtc chariAer* is 
gtanced at in that of Ketel, who is toth ft^tafmaii 9pi jockey. If 
It ba (b, the Author hith» however, Wrapped Up the allufion |b 



' 



* ^ Benjamin tittglheit %» i3i« advettUemcot. 



MOHTKLT CATAtOGVt, JUffieBmoUS. tgj 

netttyt as i^dther to ptknA the laws of |he land or o^ tlie ^age. l!Ut 

fam is ^i^fcrafff gives to tKe Author df the Weft It)$an. 

Art. aA.^ w^/Vx (mdQhomJUh in tii Entirtqimtnt of ihi Sylpf^si 

PTp Har^^uin^s GakMi^^»zi the Theatre-Royal in Covent-Qar^ 

den. The Mt:ific entirely ^ew, cothpoTed I^ hfr* Fxfter« %vo. 

6d. Beeket. 

The chief merit of this miyiikin perfornoance confiJb in the fpright* 
linefs of fome of the airs, and the oeau^ of fome of thp ibenes* for 
the reft, it is well known that MooH Harle^ain is a privileged per- 
ipH, and ao^cnftble to np court of cntici% m the uj^rerfe. 

vfirntr Qlivmr^ lAe. Printedat BoiMi^ mA B«mfks thenm. Witji 
. the Ai|emhl3^!s Addfeft, and the Procc^rdiamoC tlia t«9i44 Cm<- 
mitteeofCoonciU T0ge$hep wdi^ Sitlijiiim 
barn's Speech rehtbg to thoS^ ijttatn,, Sfo. ' i s. WiUde. 

1774» 

The nature and pi^rport of the LeH^a- heft poUaAedy affaktadf 
we prrfiune, well knovoi to oar Raadess, ia ^/ma^ TJicjr teve 
been retailed in moft of die news-papers ; tqgM^r wfeh fuch^ ceca- 
flonal resuuks, bttaas,. iaveaifev aM aliaRqiiaoH«r.aii sfiUr fo 
rtry inttrdUng to this coantrf and thfl aoloon^ cankl iM>i'ini of 
producing : and nuichdo we iaar liMit Afr. Woddeitoni^Mdo* a^ 
tack on a thara£ler which has long, aad joiU^ been deened: an' Iwih 
^our to the prefeni age, will not k theworft coairaoettce of^nmcmm 
which everjr lorer <? liberty^ of Mooce» and oi mtocy auyvbnve 
MaioA to be fefry for. 

MiscitLANiova* 
Art. 30. 4 lMirt$ Sir ffktchr pfyrtm^ Kmt. 8y«Mter of ^Hie 
Hoafe of Commons, on die Petition of Thomas Da Gttjf BIqs 
and others, as inferted in the Poblic 'Adverdier, on the nth of 
Pebmarj^ for which the Printer waaordered to attend the ffeojb 
. on the 14th. Bvo. 6d. Wheble. 1774. 
The fubjed of this pamjphkt hath fb mnch oecopied the new^- 

Sapers of the mondu that there is little left ibr ns to add. Nor^ iV 
eed^ can any one jndge of the h€t, to which it aHodes, who was 
not prefent in the now of Com m on s when Mr. Be Grey^s jMidon 
w^ prefentcd, and thereby enabled tdi fee and hear every thing that 
pi^ed (Ml the oart of the %iedlcrr, whofe behtrioor was fd grofslf 
iitipeached by oie ^irited Author erf* fii LftHr : nvjk that Author /^ 
the Public are^ now, at np. lo^ to {nitr. 

A^. 31. TbeJmnaUfa Fyagi undinakm by OrJkr§fhitprfftiH 

fi^^ftji ftr makinf^ Di/cotvetks toward f hi North Fiile^ by the ffbn. 

Cc«mnodore Ph|pp9, i&id Captam][.utwid^ in hisr J(ilsj|efiy's S^^fM^ 

B^cel^)rfe and C^arkale. Tp which isjpre$xed» an Account of .the 

/everalVoj^s un^erfak^ for tlbeDifcpvcrx of a NortK-fiaft 

PafTag^ tdChiAa and japan, 8vp.; t si» 6 d.' Newbeiy. 1774.* 

This appears to be th^ rea( JPDfnal of fomf perfbn pa board oa^ 

•{.thaih|p$ abp)M!-9i^otV>nedi, an4 it contains many curioos parti- 

•^ars } cg^e.of vd^iqb^ hPweirer« if incrfdU>l^ via. Tfa^ about lai. 

'ip.dcg. 47 mil). }{* aud ipng. 21 d^g. ip min.. £aft fipm London, 

ti^ jQjiet with itars'on the ice» * larger than the largeft oxtn I** Pet- 

'. * ■ ' haps 



Biq^ the mug^iiait of tfaefe aoimak was in prtxpot^Qn ipi di« tiaf 
preffibns they made on the JooromlUI, when tVy; pafled ii review 
befere^m* — Capt. Phipps's o>y,9vaQcoQnt of this voyage is expeded; 
hnd we are informed that the PHblic wi]I foon be gratified with it. 
Art. 32. MerMire petit 4j/w, par Moiy Louis Dg hrancds^ CofhU 

it Laurapuus. — Coast Lauraguais's Memorial^ &c« 8^0* 1 s« 6 d. 

Elroflcy. 1773. 

The ilxial aod decent fentxmexlts of hofpitality and refpeft due tof 
ji foreign nobleman, who has honoured this coantry with a partica- 
lar mttachment, would preclude ua from every indulgence of the ri- 
fible Vein, were there any (borces for fuch indulgence in his pamphlet. 
^The particulars of apriratfe qiiirrel can hardly be conijdered as an 
t)hjed oif public critidsmi ; tndAive have nothing mdre to a^, thaia 
to expreff our very natnrni wiiiesf that the palladium of libscty* 
wMchi in thif nobkama'a idety doe» • as .ib omch honoor*^ may not 
bemworferepdrthiabentprefencieppofesitt 1 

Religious aid Co mtro vik Vi Al/ 
Art. 33^ A, Pf^akal Difcm^ ^. tbei mral UJi$ md Obligations of 
Maptifiit^ deiigsed toi tffift ft ierbosandjadicioas Obedience to it^ 
lamo. 6d« johnibn* iTyj* . . « 

This little tnA nppean tt> be wAtcen by a piooic nian^ whoffe in* 
temios 11^ as he espaefle»it» * tg> promote the f rascal jf/hoi, chrif* 
tian bftpttik by ex|d^ing./A<ifei,v and by. infiibng on the obligati^ 
ioobfenrtk•^ Heisan advooatcleriz^ baptifm» and it is quefti- 
onaUe whedier he would allow that of ii^anti to be. called by the 
naaie^ end^hnugh he profefo to ^oav^^evcry. thing of a controverfial 
natore, he cannot avoid Ibmetimes propofing a few queilion^ on the 
pdukt : this, howeven* appears toi^, done with moderation bj^ can* 
dbnK* ImMtgmg the ob^ervanpeof thi^ fite, h^ (i^pofes that ibme 
perfims may negledl it thrdugh a 4enfe of ihame ; and here we have 
the ibUowing pafl*^ge/ which we iniei^ without tlunking it ncfcei&ry 
to add any remark concerning it : * The onlyi-eafon we can alledgef 
lor our ihame mufl be this ; that it wants the fandion of the genera- 
lity and jtbe great. By this tlie beit caufc frequently fuffers : to this 
it b owing that the caufe of libertir daily lofes its fupport among the 
Proteftant DiiTentersin general ; when the wealthyt when perfons fif 
dUtiagoUbed nuM^ and who make a figM^e in the polite world, when 
foch forfake any caufe, they draw numbers atter thein» who are 
aibamed to appear on that fide wluch the great, the noble and the 
faftuonable ha^^ d(:ferted. Uenc^ it is, that a rite, teafonable, irfd- 
ful, dnd divine, is negleded by thofe that fecretly avow its (acred 
aothority. Tl^gb the generality bluih not^' in c6mpliance witli 
cftabliihed formaf and the pradice of the many and the great, ab- 
fordly to promife what an in/ant mall believe atid^radtife, even ifien 
of ienfe and judgment are not afliamed to ufe ^d join In (Ht office of 
iflfina haftija^ as retained in the Church of Englahd, thou^lf ib 
nauch weakneis. abfiirdity# and lionTehfe, (I fpeak with ^regret; run 
through itf But tHe inftitutioii of baptiim^ a^ it lies in the New 
TeAament, is not fiable to any fuch charge/ 

Though numbers of chriiUans Will not entirely Hgfee with thft 
Aathor, in his account of the natuit of baptifm, and of its fubje^', 
yet every pious perfen will approve of his praftieal obfervations and 



MoMtHLy Cataloguc, Religious^ (Sc. tSif 

ftdvket which reqaire the Tcry careful attention.of thofe whoare 

arrived at years of maturity withbut having becli baptized. 

AR*r. 34. jfn jkcoum tf4he Ckeafivn md Dtfign <f tbiptfiti^ 

inftitutims of Cbrijlsanlty. Extraded from the Scriptures only. 

By Richard Amner. 8vo. at. Buckland, 1774^ 

From the flcknowrled|;ed dependence of Chriftiafiity on the Jewiih 
religion, this Writer fuppofes that the fofiHn/i hj/Htniiomi of the 
chtifiian ibhbitie may be illuftrated by viewing thenr in conuedUon 
widi thofe of the Mofaic difpenfatioiif which they raoft refemble : ai- 
lufions of this kind have fometimes been carried to fmKifbi indextr** 
vagant lengths ; but Mr. Amuer confiders. his fiibjed. in a more rth 
tional and intelligent manner. He writes with caution' and* modc^, 
and apjpears very fdlidtous to advance nothing for which he has ncc 
a fuffiaent foundation. The Lord's Supper is naturally contraft^ 
with the ordinance of the paffover ; tha Lord's Day with, the Jewiii 
fabbath ; and here we ob(erve» that he lays no ftrefs on the in&itu« 
tion of the fabbath immediately after the creation. His reafon for 
this is given in the following lines : — * Suppofing the books of the 
Pentateuch to have been reduced and difpofed into that fotm in which 
tft^iow have them, by either Samuel, or any other and later Prophet, 
to whom the fabbath was not unknown, (fee Sil^ Ifitac I^^ewton't ob- 
fervations on Daniel, ch. i.) would it not be reafbnable to believe that 
fnch an account of the creation was purpofely pfefixsd, as was am- 
formable to it, and would tend to enforce the obfervation of it ? 
And the argument will be much the fame even though Mofes were 
allowed to oe the writer of them.' • 

But this Author chiefly enlarges on the fubjed of chciAtan hte^ 
nhAf which he fhppofes to* have fhcceeded the bapciAi of Ptofelytca 
-among the Jews. He illuftrates ftvbral paflktesiof Scrmtare in tba 
coorfe of his argument, and offers fbme pertTnent co«6«efmtions» to 
fatfsfy the mind of the Reader in relp^ to the praAice of iafiuit 
baptifib. This pamphlet is, on the whole, to be reg a t d cd as a fjen^* 
fible and ufeful performance. ** 

Art«3S. J farewell Addfift tc ihi Pnrijhiomrs of CatUrki. By 
'fhepphilus Lindf^y, M.A, 8vo. 6d. fohnfon. 1774; 

This fmall traft, the Author ifkfbrms us. In his prefixed advertife- 
xnent, was drawn up folely fbr the ufe of a cotfittry parifh, and 
never iiit^ded to go beyond it ; but thatthe kind reception it mot 
with there, from an afie£lionate and grateful people, and thmir ««> 
teiipg fointireiy into ther canfe and ftrbjed cf it,— added to the fug^ 
geflion of ferioas friends, that it might be of fbme general oie,— • 
has been an inducement to make it more public. / 

We have already fboken * fo largely concerning Mr. Lindfcy'c 
'AfMoiy, that it will be fafficteat to add, with regard to the prefent 
ducourfe, that,it is plain, ienfible, and pathetic ; and that the pious 
Author writes with fuch an apoftolic fimplicity, huo^iUty, and a£» 
ftdion» that we cflnnot wonder ft his pariihioners having been 
greatly moved with this farewell Addrefs of .their confcientioos-anAi 
•flccellent paftor. . 7^ 

■^^^T" . " - " ' ' " "- ' — ■^*— % 

* In the Reviews for the lad and prefent month. 

"' * S ERM'O l^ 8. 



f i6o ) ' 

SERMONS. 

L Jti^elafitm tbt moft ejft&ial Means of €iitiJi*if^ and ftformhg Mm' 
i^iii.— -Preacbcfl before the Soeiety in Scotland for propagating 
ChrifHan Knowledge, at their Anaiveffary Meetiog, Jan. f, 1773. 
By Robert Henry^ D. D. ttvo* 6 d« Printed at fidinbui;gh, aad 
ibid by CMk. UmAm. 

' The iflnporiMMa^ aW a&fuUi«r9 of divine revelatioii vst, hue jn^ 
' ^ionfly ftated, eBibrced, and fktwm to be the noil efl^aal meaiu 

«! ealtghteiuaf men in the knowledgt of religion, and 9X the iaqv 

-tbne amvinciig them of its troth, and perfuading thei^ to tht prac- 

«ooofit. 

H. A Charge and Sermon delhrcred at the Ordination of thp Reiu 
Mr. John Da^id, Oft. 7, 177 3» at Fromc, Somed^tftiire; the 

' Charge by Daniel Tornef, M. A. the S^mon by Caleb Bvaoi, 

' M.A. 6d. CadeO. 

jn. Com^lp9n u poor CbiUrpt, ncommended^ from the Bxamfh tf^^ 
r^'s DoMghtit. — At the Mcefing-Houfe in St. Thohias's, 'Sooth- 
wark» for ^c Benefit of the Charity-Childfen in that Place, Jan. 
I >^ 9774* By Samoel Palmer. 6d. Buckland. 

JV; Th€ $m99tmgh^ Fro^a thai niigiom hihetty veiU ie tttUrgodr 

codidcsed and applied to .the Cafo of the Proteftant DiSonmn ; 

in a Sermon preached at Kidderniinfter, Nov. ^, 177}* By B^ 

UoBin Fawcct, KI. A» 6d.. Sotkland. 

The encouraging profped exhibifttd to. the view of Mr. Pawoeit** 
jnidlence at IQddMniafter, is that of thf late happy progmis «f re* 
IfgiMa feeedon thronghoot Iba ChrilbaA world in ^o^yMi4 i»Mr 
own coootry is ptrtieolar. The dlindid aad liberal fpiiit of tb« ft^ 
lent agflit ytUfL pimUed by tkit Picicher. He bath tai^in occ^ite 
toiat^oae aa account of the Pifibntera late i^)plicatiofi t0 MttUi- 
-oicat ; and hm /eemt to onte^taia Arong bopet of furore ncpi^^ 
ihould his brethren nnite in the renewal of their coiinitvtio»al ef> 
deavoors t0 fref tbenfelvet from ihofe legal reftrainu wbicb tlyry 
deem incompatible with tbeir Chrifljan liberty. Thece it a beboadif 
moderatiott m ^11 diftouffe ; which will be read with iattsfaOioB 
by thofe tmfifkm Diftntcnr whd are well-wifliers to tbe caaje : a^i 
k can give n^ offi^Ncts v«a fappofe» |o the ooprejndictd meamo 9f 
MTdtubltAadtbttroh. 
V. Preached in die PaitA Chnrcb of NeiaAMtfjr, lei4ei» ^lu 14, 

17^4^ at tfte Pmeml of die Her. JoImi Govee, U^B. f^^Smm^ 

Winchefter. By tiM %ff9. Thomas Peoreie, Cacmie ofMiwlmft 

^o. Wfikei*. 

This Mef oratSM (Ibr the difeooffe is not a Anf omO ntfri^ ApAe 
dtftiu ftion from the obmmon ran of Ameral iennoAs, on acooiKit of 
its Aiferior dni:)iien6e» it Is mtionalty pbui> and Ibbedy pathedd^ 
nnd ^lle t^e Antbor im fofirdentiy ntiendttl Co the pnofmcf of 
*«iuyt tt1 otf, be has not toil fight of tint plaiinnefc wrfitcb 4ai!.r ang t ^ 
to bring down poipit-diicoorfes to the level of comoMm cafneMtrs**' 
fllQlb in ^hich .the^ pmcher fiwi strnve vnfgaf ^jncluutfuny mw 
leldom (bund to be e)ctenfiveiy nfelUt andait gennmlf tt» 6e r»- 
gatdedni UtUcJMKter cbao ** founding btafs» ot a dsUsag cjrodMik* 



f m i t if ■* > fc iu 'Wi i 



f I 

MONTH LY K E V I£ W, 

= For MARC H, 1774. 



thi Lives and Writings of imiutmt Ferfrms^ in Gnat Br$t€sin Mud iff 
, Umd\ fromWickUffey who began theRefbraMtioqbyhisWriuogSA 
CO the preientTiroe: IVhether Statefmen/PatjiotSi^ Generals, Ad- 
mirals, Philofophers, Poets, Lawyers, or Divines. In which the 
* feverat Incidents and remarkable. AfKons of their Lives, and the 
Particolarities of their Deaths, that could be colleded fromHiilory, 
' Family Memoiniy aad RecoKl*, are ^elatisd $ a Catalogue of their 
, WiidngB giiren, wkh occafiMMd Remarks; and their CharaA«r$ 
» delitouad.. with FjDcedom and. Impamaiity. 8vq« 6VQif. liL 
1 1 8. 6 d. Boards. Baldwin^ 4(Cii '773> 

\T ha$^b^h ftki that * of the various kinds of fiaffafite wrf* 
Jl 'tTng, Mography is that which is moft eagerly read, and moff 
«a(ily applied to the purpofes of Fife/ Perhaps this is true ;^ 
bnt wfe ufc the hrffHrfTenting perhopSy becaufe the writer of othei* 
branches of hlftorv maj conteft'tfae point of popularity^ at 
MA,' ifn^t^^ttitfty alfo, with the biographer; notwit)ift;ind- 
m^ the pi efe f ^riec |iven to the latter by the iriget^ious Author 
^f itie^fDieK, Nd. §4. ♦ TTie exaniples,' fays he, ^ and kvcnts 
of htffiopy preC^, indeed, upon^ the mind, with the weight of 
truth; but wbert'thcy-arcrcpofitcd in the- mcmqrjr, they are 
dftcnef employed for fliew than uft, and rather drverfify con- 
Wrfetiott than tcgirfate life. Few are engaged m, foch fccnetf 
as give ttiem <ipporturiitics of growing wifcr 'by the downfe'll 
of ftatefmen, or. the defeat of generals. The ftr^tagems of 
war, and theintri^cs of courts, are read, by far the greater 
part of mahkiffd, with the fame indifference as the adventures 
of fabled hemes, or the revolutions of a fairy region. Between 
ftMifeodd iniib!«Mefo truth there is little differei^ce. As gold 
wbieb iM'CMHot Tpeiid will ntake no man rich, fo knowledge 
Wbich l*e catHiot apply will make no man wife.* 
^-Ypi.. L* J^ Should 



x62 Sriiijb Bi^aphf. 

^booM we tdmtt all that ^tttm in die precdtiig paragr^, 
ts folid, fterling truth,— to which, however, we do not find 
ourfelvet wholly inclined,— ^et- it will not fuffice to determine 
the queftion, with refpcft to the claim of biography to the pre- 
ference of mankind ; fince, as ev9n the iame wriner acknoW- 
ledgiSi iA lh#> faan paper, ^ He who wfitet the life of anodie»% 
i# either i»s friend er his eoem^ ao4 wiflies eitbei ta eaalc 
his praife, or ag^vate his infamy ; many temptations to £alfe« 
hood will occur m the dtiguife of jM^ons, too fpecious So fear 
much refiftanoer Love of viktue will animate panegyric, and 
hatred of wtckednefs Embitter cenfure. The zeal of eratitude, 
the ardor of patriotifm, fondnefs for an opinion, or fidelity to 
a party, may eafily overpower the vigilance of a mind habi- 
tually well*4ifpofed, and prevail over unaffifted and unfirieodcd 
veracity.' 

As to the man who writes of himfelf, what deviations from 
the dired line of- truth will n6t the bve of felf, and love of 
fame, lead him into! What impartiality of decifioo can we ex- 
ped from htm who fits in judgment on his own caufe I What 
excufes will he not find to palliate his mifcondufi, and bow 
fpecioufly will be explain away every adverfe fad, in ^ologi- 
zing for his errors ! 

But leaving this point of precedency to be fettled by thofe 
who may think it of importance enough toinerit their attemioB, 
Ic^ us proceed to the publication which bach giten rife to the 
foregoing curfery obfervations, - 

In the aStb volume of our Review, in giving an aoconnt of 
die ^ New and General Biograpbtcal DiSiooary,' we recom- 
mended the chron$kgual method to the compilers of biographi- 
cal fyftems, and enumerated the many advanta^ which wouM 
give it a manifeft fuperiority over the alphabetical form, if pro- 
perly executed. The Author of the work befiiire us hath fo br 
puriued our plan, as to prefer this method tQ Aat of a dic- 
tionary s juflly obferving that * the lives of perfons who were 
cotempbr^ries with ,each other, are beft read together* aa one 
frequently throws light on another j*— and with regard to the 
advantage claio>ed by the dflfiaiaical order, from the fecility 
of turning, at pleafure, to any particular life, tl^t circuroftance 
is eafily nipplied, as it is in the Britijb BUgrafby^ by proper in- 
dexes. 

As oar Author's defign is confined to the edebration of thefe 
illuftrious perfons wbofe names do honour to tl^is country, or 

* Which is the cafe with the greater numbep ofhsagraphicai «ri« 
ters ; fer» comparatively few are they who calmly aad vol^ttcariiy 
fit down CO review their own lifei, for the adntoniuoa of pofterky. 

te 



Id our fiftcNifl^d, lie is particulary folforitou^ (o fet iftnth tfaa 
advantages of his plan. 

• < It n pertiept; A(y^ he, ito Aationtl partiality to afl^t) that 
BO country lias^prodiiced a greater nultiber of ifieb^ diJKngutffaed 
by devaited gefltot, ofr exalted virtue, than Great Britein and 
Ifdand. A pbruAt, therefore, of the lives ^ fiich excettmt and 
iUttftriotts men^ nftift htfve a natural tendency to excite ia us a 
geiiecout emtflatfon,' and to animate us to the moft worthy and 
kuidable purfuits.' The ftatefman may be excited toiipire after 
» greater degree<of political knowledge, and to inveftigate the 
means of promoting in the befl manner theinterefts of the ftate, 
over which he it appointed to preiGde, by the examples of a 
WALsiifaHAM and a Burl£IOh. The divine, the lawyer, 
aiid the phyficiin, -may all be excited to aim at excellence in 
their feveral profefflons b^ the examples of a Barrow and a 
TiuoTsoM I a Coke, a Hale, and a Holt $ a Harvey, a 
&rusNHAftr, and a -Mead. The feamin and the foldier may 
be animated to the purfuit of miKtary honours, by the heroic 
a<9ions of a Blake and a Marlborouor^ and tbedifime- 
irfled paCriot, who feels' fm* the honour and the intereft of his 
Goontry^ and* who is a sealous advocate for liberty; and the 
common rights of mankind, may be animated by the imble ex- 
anpiea of a Havvden, a RtJseEL, ^ Marvu, and a Syd- 
KiY^ And the^man of tetters and philofophical inquhy may 
l^oidcited to afpM after literary and^feienttfic eminence, by 
t)tr iaroortal iabours of a MiLtow^ a Bm:ok, -a Boylb, a 
NRwrosr, aod«f'LoeKi. t > ...:;.. 

. * But it ia 4Kit eminenee in atnft,' in arts, or in fcience 
only, ^arweinspy be taught to afpire aAer^ in thie peruAl of 
^ lives x>f the teoft eminent of our countrymen. It may alfo 
ilimulatrus to aim at the acquiiition of wtM k of ftill more 
value and importance, and at the fame time univerfally attain- 
able. Moral JExceUencew it is not in the power of everf man 
to be a great ftatefinan, general, or philofopher | Init every 
ikian may cultivate and prai^ife temperance, integrity, henevo- 
lence, md humanity. :: He who cannot enter into any compe- 
tition with ;tho(e who have difttnguiOied themfelvts by iheir 
wit, their eloquence, or their learning, may at leaft learn to 
imkate their virtues. And eren the' met of bad n«en, fuch 
whofe eminence of fiation or abilitiet have -rendered their ac- 
tions fufficiently important to be proporly introduced in a work 
of this kind, may be read with coniiderable advantage. , The 
deformity of vioeg u well u the beauty of virtue, is b^ ex- 
hibked in real ,charaAera i a juft reprtfentation pf which muft 
havea naturataandency to excite in- ui^ a love and dleem for 
the one,, jind an hatred and contempt of the other. We can- 
not read the lives of BoNNBR, of Gardiner, or of Jeffb- 

M a JUifi^ 



I«4 ^^^fi Bffigraphf; 

KISS, mtbpiit fedtog a juft 4ftcftttioii «f bigotry* relent 
pcrfecudoiit uiiufticC) and cruelty/ 

. The oni^ef tal4 for a work of ihia kind are gbviooa and am- 
ple : the Ggmrd Didi^wy^ in ($a voloioeH folia i xh^BUnrjtm 
fhiA BfitM^mca$ in (tnn /olios ; the Ntw Gmiml BitgnftAu^ 
Di&mmys ia twelve vols. 8vo. Befida which, the Author aC* 
fiiret tiiy that ho bath had recourie to ^ ibme hundred voluoaca 
of iingte lives^ and hiftoricai and biographical coUe£Uoni i ke^ 
fide oeoafionally making ufe of coanufcripti, paitdcularly thofe 
in thtfirittfli Mufeum* whea he could meet with any chat werft 
adapted toihi9 purpofe.* 

From the fuwlarity of this defign with that of former bio^ 
graphical coUeStionsy thofe. who are acquainted wt&. the arte 
of aothorlhipt partioularty in the comptlattop^hranch* and in 
the UKxtie of ptriojieai * publication, may be apt to fufped diat 
theliyea in tbi9 work are little more than a mere abridgment 
of thoAi in the BiigrapHa Britanmcai but, fo fisu- as we couki 
feare tiose for comparifon^ this does not feem to be the eafe. 
Our Author haa, in general, exercifed hisnatural right of think- 
ing smd fptaking for himfclf i in conieqoence of iriiich, where 
the materiala \xM in common, both by him and by his prafe- 
ce&ra^ are drawn from the fame fource, we frequently find the 
accounts to be^circumftanti^ly -difiercn^ ; fifi» are exhibked in 
diiFerenft lights. ; and many mtftakes of feroMr writers are oor- 
redod.. "Uiere is, moreover, 9» nierit allumed by the Author, 
aa pctttUtf to this.worki ^d .which we arcvindeed,.oonTiiiced, 
that none of our more voluminous produAtana,lnfthi»fiime branch 
of litemture^can boaft^ vis*, tbait being wholly compiled by om 
/fr/#9, ^i| wiU there^ probably be found ttrhsve an unifor*- 
oiity of lentirocott with regardno p^rfiina and things, the want 
of whicik hath been .complained of, iit fomft peecedmg woilcs of 

tbckjnd^'-; . . - ^ ' 

. Thepotntof ttmeat wWch thia performance. commences, ia 
the age. in whidi the celebrated Wicklifie:.iiappily paved the 
way for the PcPteftapt reformation : the Ifejofrtbb great foun- 
der of our reirgioua libertict ftanda fir& in .the coUeSicm. We 
ajces however; fomewhatrfurpriiied tbi^ thai AMthot.did not ^ 
a( little farther back, apijt. hegiA with that, i lhiflr iu M omameoc 
of Britain, Friar Roobr Baco* i who is jufliy to* be re- 

tr ■ ' ■ ■ .1 -■ - • ■ ■ ' t.i ■ ■- ^ • 

• The prcftnt work Las bccir .pubfiflicd in mbntlily nombcrs, as 
well as in diftsa^ voltoniet. It iar ftvcral years fince tbc firft volome 
appeared; the.ftcond was painted in lyod^^^ad thl^ third in 1767. 
U is now advanced as.fiff as the ibth y and wr.wA 'giirea to underw 
fiend that ^e. undertaking will be oojapkaaei in ^two moier— 
cpniideced as i!^ work of oaa ^iuSm x>alyj gyeairJabMiv aa wdl as 
time, mffi^ve been emgl^y.^ ^^ tbif ^;B^i)cai;n(* . . 

, ' garded 



Srki/b Slpgmpifi its 

garded as the father of tcientein this coavtrfi afld'whofe m«^ 
tiius was fcarceequalled, erei^ by that 6( hisi great' ttame£rict mr 
Lord Verulam. He might have availed himfelf of a verj jodi- 
cioiis compeodium of the life of this wonderful man, in a work 
entitled^ TbilAirmy^ written by a fociety of learned and inge* 
nious nien> whofe labours were too good for the age in which 
th^ appeared •• ' 

A very (hort extrad from this work may ftiffice for a fpeci* 
flten of the Author's manner, and mode of thinking i titt. his 
charafier pf Jlrchbijbop Laud. * 

* — — He was, undoubtedly, a Aian of coitfidcraWe iearn- 
ing f and abilities ; but was, notwithAanding, in m^rny fefpeifis, 
extremely weak and fuperftitious t* He was alfo of a very 

warm, 

llil' I ' II l" ' |1 II > i' I I I 1 IB I ■ ' I I I ■ .1 ., 

* This work was t>ablifhed, monthly, in the years 1761 and 1762 1 
and was difcondnued for want of (ale, at a time when many thou* 
fands of the moft worthlefs magazines were, like Coryafi CrMdities^ 
fagerly gohhM up by the taftelefs publii:. 

* t The very ingenious Author of the RamBler, iri'hxs poem, 'e^i- 
titled, «• The Vanity of Human Wifhes,^ has the following lines ;• 

** Nor^deem, when learning her lail prize bellows 
The glitt'ring eminence exempt from woes ; 
Sea when the vulgar '(cape,. defpis'd or aw^'d. 
Rebellion's vengafal talons feize on JjAii^d'. 
From meaner minds, thoagh^naUar fines ooateut 
The plander'd palace, or SqiiaJNr^d itot^ 
Mark'd out by dangsroaa |>ans he meets the Ao^ 
And fiital learnii^ leiads him to the bl0ck : 
Around his tomb let art and genius weep^ 
Bat hear his death, ye blockheads, hear and deep/* 

* We have the higheft eAeem for die talenu, the Wiitings, atid the 
charader of Dr. Jdhn(cfn. But we are notmthftanditig of opinion, 
diat vfk thefe lin^s he has not imputed the death of Laud to the real 
caufes. It is on the contrary ^tsy evident, as we apprehend, that it 
was the adtvity of that Prelate in momoting arbitrar^^HYeafores of 
government, h« abfordKeal for trmilig^ cerenonies, hxsvidlent and 
vnjttft prooeediBgs m the (bur chamber, aiid hi|^ commifflbn courts, 
and other partioSars of this ktnd, which brou^t l&hn tb the block ; 
and that it is not by any means his ge.nius or his ^arnitig, to which 
his untimely end can with propriety 'be attributed.' 

* I Of this his DiAitr aflfbrds very pregnant infbttices, fome of 
whi^ we -fliall ibtoft for the entertstHimeat bf the reader. He was 
particularly attentive to his dreaips^ ^atiy of which be kath recorded 
witk mat eare and'esta^cfi. The -following paitages are taken 
from me edtcionef hfs Diary, puhlfthed by Hen. Wharton, in 1695. 

•* sfta^. Dec. ^4* SundaynightylnKd dream that the Lord Keeper 
was dead ; that I pafled by one of kis ttten, that was about a qionti- 
iheatforhim: that I heard him fay, his lower lip was infinitely 

M 5 fwelied 



\ i6( J^*# Bipgraphj. 

4irtrm, haftyt and palSonatp temper; 2nd of 9^ dlfpontion fdme^ 
Whatvlndi^Ve 1 but, in otb^r refp^s, his private life appeart 



fwelled ibd feUen, and he rotten afaready. This dream did trouble 
me* i . . " 

•* 1625. Joly 3. Sunday, in my deep his Majcfty KiQg James 
appeared to me. I &w him only paffing by.fwiiUy: He was of a 
plezUant and fetene countenance. Jn paling bei faw me, beckoned 
to me^ fmiledy and was immediately withdrawn from my fight. 

** Aug. 21. That night, in my fleep, it ieemed to jne, that the 
Dttke onBuckiDsham came injto bed to me ; where be behaved hini^ 
ielf with great kindnefs towards ine, after that reft, wherewith wearie4 
perfons are wont to ' fdaCe themfelves. Many alfo (eeiiied to me 't6 
enter the chamber, who hw thu. 

*' Not lo ng baf o rc , I draaaied that I iaw the Datcha^ of Backing 
ham, that excellent Lady, at Erd very much perplexed about her 
hnlband, but afterwards cheerful, and rejoicings that (he was freed 
from the fear of abortion, fo that in due time Sit might be again a 
mother. 

^* Sept 4* Simda>[. The night following I was very much troubled 
In my^ dreams. My imagination ran altogether upon the Puke of 
Buclungham, his lervants, ' and fomily. All feemed to be Out of 
order : thatthe Dotcheis was ill, called for her maids« and took her 
bed. God grant better thin^. 

** Sept. 26. Sunday. That night I dreamed of the marriage of I 
know not whom at Oxford. All that were prefent, were cloatbed 
with floorifliing green garmeott » I knew none of them but Thomas 
Flaxnye. Imm^attly after, without any iatermiffion of fleep (that 
I know of) I thought I faw the Bifiiop of Wercefter^ his head and 
Ihoulders covered wkh linen. He advifed and invited me kindly, to 
4well with them, markingouta place, where the Court of the Marches 
ofWalea was then held* But not ftaying for my anTwer^ he fub* 
joined, that he knew I could not live to meanly, Sec 

" 1626. Aug.^ 25. Friday, Two Rpbin-red-bre^fts flew together 
through the door into piy ^udj, as if one purfued the othei;. .That 
fudden motion almoU ftartled jyie* 1 was then, preparing a fermpn 
on Ephef. iv. 50,^ and Hudying. 

** Jan. 5. Epiphany £v^y. and Friday. In the ni^tl dreamed* 
that my mothert long fince dead, Stood by my bed, and drawiog 
afide the clothes a little, looked ^pleafantly upon roe ; and that I was 
glad to fee her ^yith fo inerry an afped. She then (hewed to me a 
ceruin old man, long fince deceafed ; whom, while alive, I bot)| 
Icnevif and loved. He ieeme^ V9 i|e opon the grqi^nd ^ merry enough, 
but with a wrinkled coqntenance. Uis name was Grove. WhQe X 
prepared to falote him, I awoke. 

** 16^. Feb. 12. Tuefday nighu I dreamed that K. C. was to 
be marned to a Miniiler's widow ; and that I wfis called upon to do 
it. No fervice-book could he found ; and in my ow^ book, whidi 
I had, I could iiot £nd the order for marriage. 



t/bkhzitt been firee ftom fCBRncb^rtlioagh weican'find in hit 
a^ons but very few evidences of that immjeksB: yi&Tutt 
which Lord Clirendon sttribotiBs to him. He was of very ar- 
bitrary princtples both in Chureh. and State; extremely adive* 
in the promotion of the moft' illegal an4 ttefpatic rtneaftires o£ 
government! and inclined (o very fevere methods jn ih^ eccle- 
fiaftical courts^ «l^ciaMy againft the PuKtans,aDd all whotnade- 
any oppoiitioo to the dodrines or ceremonies eftabliihcd by au« 
thority. As to his theological principles, though he could not 
with propriety be termed a Papift, it is neverthelefs certain^ 
that he waa a great favourer of many of the dofb-ines main* 
tained by the Chuix:h of Rome ; and that the religion which he 
li&boured to eftablifh^ partook largely 6f the^ natnre and ^genius 
of Popery. Though he Would not probabljr have'ct^fen, that 
England fhould have been brought into fubjedion to Sie Pbpey 

• *' 1640. -JaB« t4« Friday. Atjughtl dreamed that la^ father 
(who died forty-fix y^s fiQce) caaie to me ; and* td'niy tmaldagy 
he was as well, and as cheeifuly as ever I faw him* He a&ed me* 
what I did here ? And after fome fpeecb, I aiked him, how loog he 
would ftay with me? .He anfwered, 1i^ would flay till he had me 
away with him.' I ^od not fnoved with dreams ; yet 1 thought fit to 
remember this. ' / ' 

^ 1642. Nov. 2. -Wedeefday Hirtt. T dreamed the Parfiament 
was removed coOxfohl^; theChufch mdone: (bme old Courtiers 
came in to fee me, and jeered : t^went to St. John's, and there I 
fonvA the roof of fiom fome part$ of the cbll^e^ and the w»lb clcftf 
and ready to fall down. God be jmp^fM. 

** Tuefday, Simon and Jade'i^Rve^ Lwent into ay upper fbdy» 

1)rd, In 



to fee fome manu(cHpts which 1 was fending to Oxford. In that 
ftudy hang my pi^nre, taken by th^ life ; and coming ]fi» I fbnnd 
it fallen down opon the face, and lyifcg on the floor, the firing being 
broken by which it was hanged againft the wall. I am almoft every 
day threatened with my ruin in Parliament. ' Qoo grant this bt no 
omen. 

** On Wednefday, Sept. 4, 1644, as I was walhing mv firce, my 
90ie bled» and foaoething plentifoUy, which it had not done, to my 
remembrance, in forty years before, fave only onct, nod that was 
jail the fame day and boar, when my moft h^onrable friend dio- 
Lord Dake of Bockiogham was killed at Portimonth, myielf being 
then at Weftminfter. And npon Friday, as I was wafhing after din* 
ner, my nofo bled again. I t^ank God I make no fnpemitinas oh* 
fervationof this, or anything elfe; yet I have ever ufedtomark 
what and how any thing of note falls to me. And here I after came 
to know, that npon both thefo days in which I bkd, there was great 
agitation in die Jionfe of Commons, to have me fentenced by oi^ 
dmance ; hot both times pat off, in mgard very few of that Honje 
had heard either my charge or defence's—See Diary, p. 7, ao» aa^ 
?3» «4i 35» S^f S7i S9t 64* and ^ai.* 

M 4 bi 



i6S* LhiS9fESas4/bm^,^f^midMr:rrtllimLi^f 

h* appMmdrvtry defiroosroflmiiB himSdf cbji* Sovtrdgfl R»^ 
triareh of thfee kbgdoms/ . . 

iTfae fixth of Aefe .Tolames: lirifig) the work dow» to tba 
daet of Baytoy Drydent Soutliv TQlocToii, lie. and we m«ft 
not forget to obfenre^ that to tmnj of thelif«s are prefixed 
prints of the perbas who are the fubj^i^ of the refpedWe nar- 
ntives ; which are chiefly bopied from Houbra^o and Vertue'^- 
heads of illuSrious men >: and they are not ill engravefi. 

* ^^ % ' p ' ' ' ' ? ' ' ' ' > 

Aar. 11. Th Uvu •/ thrf$ mim»t JtOgpiaria^ Eliot Aflmtii^ MAy 
,ai$d Mp4 Ifittiam Liilj. • WiiMen 1^ thfemielres* With Lilly *€ life 
aod Dfath of CkarUs the tirfi ; aad feveral oc^aTipnal Letters, BjF 
^Cbar]Le»R«fman/]^rq; nfiyficUt* 8vo. 68. ]>ayies,^ ^774^ 

THE title of Eminnd Jfrtiawny^is^no doubc^ juftly be« 
-Aowed-^n the celebrated Mr. Aihmole; *ot we are not 
/o well fadsfied vriA Lilly^s preeenfuHU to {9 honourable* a dif- 
tiodioD. Lilly was rather a cp^futer thzn an antiquary ; in the 
former charafier he fhone confpicuous among^ the nomerouH 
herd of aftmlog;^r8, 'who flpurifted intbis country/ inthe ear- 
lier patt^of. the 1 6ih century ; and was far from being cohfi- 
jdered in- the fame 'contemptible light with the Gadburys and' 
C}i\ffipgpB$y and other f uac|fs and foctooOftelleca of thoie days. 
We finii (,bat he was vifited apd patroni;^^ by/uqh men aa 
AAmolot. ai\d Bulibxxle Wbttdocke ; and waa, indeed, cooiiH. 
dered as.a.man.of ^eal karniiig, in. an age wherein aftroiogy 
ftill maintained its footing afKM^ the fciences^ although it hath 
fia^e '^b^^^ m^ft defervedly^ knghed and fimijhii into anhi- 
MatioH. V -: :- . 

But 4lfAbugh Lilly was certainly an impoftor *, in his aAro^ 
logical capacity^ in commoitwith tbe reft of his Hvln^ng frater- 
nity, yet be, defei'ves to be (confidered as a man of letters ; and 
we mud do him the juftice to gcknowledge, that in his MeouMra* 
of Charles L we meet with many curious ob&rvations on the 
chara6ler atid conduft of that unnappy prince f and thit if we 
ftrike out the nonfenfe about cafting ^ures, and calculating 
hativitieS) this trad may be read with as much fatisfxdion as 
fome of the more celebrated hiftorjes, and yrith lef$ danger of 
being milled ; for Lilly appears not only to havp been firiQly 

r^ ^ ^ '^ — I : \ [ ' ^ ^ 

* Lilly» throoghoat his Memoirs, U^ very liniouily aHbrts the iiti* 
lityand dignicy of his profeffion, that (bine havetbooght he realllf 
believed in it lumfelf. We doubt not, howei^er» that he aded, in- 
this refpad» Kke many J^nefi men befide, who have no idea of be- 
traying the fecrets of a cra/t by whibh they and their brethren obtain 
pot only i^iir nuiaitb^ but the elleem and reverence of mankind. 
' ' - ' ' iropartial| 



tMiS §fEBa$ AJbmhi EJqi and Mr. iTtBam Lilly. 169 

impartialt but alio to ha?e been very well informed, — fo far z$ 
he pretends to the knowledge of fads, or charaflers. 

With refped to the worthy fouhder of the Afhmolean Mu- 
feum at Oxford, his diary.may be regarded as a curious Speci- 
men of diofe private journals which it was the fafbion, in thofe 
days, for almoft every body to keep, who knew how to ub a 
pen ; and, more e(pecially, the divines. Vanity, perhaps^ bad not 
a little (hare in the produ^ion of thefe family pieces of egotifin ; 
which, in general, ferve to prove nothing fo much as ibi vafi- 
importance rf a man U himself. Yet to thefe detaOs we are 
obliged for the knowledge of niahy ufeful particulars relative to 
thd lives of eminent pcrfons ; but they ha^ebeen brought into 
difcredit, through the imprudence of thofe who have committed 
them to the prefs^ with all their native imperfedions on their 
heads. The n^ritirsmzy be excufed for noting many frivolous 

ga/ticulars, which, however, could not be communicated to the 
'ublic, without expofing the whole compofition to ridicule : it 
was therefore, undoubt^lv, the Editorh duty to expunge all 
fuch trifling paflages \ preserving nothing but whatf it might be 
fuppofed, tne Public would wiln to know. 

Not fo, however, has tht faithful if not juJlcms Editor of 
Mtf AlhlnplVs. diary proceeded. EverV word fecms to have 
be^ moff reUgioully committed to die lafe cuftody of the prefs, 
and mznjkti anecdote is thus depofited in the temple of Fame^ 
wl^ich ought Jifkther to have been conveyed to the temple of 
Cloacinft : tbiis we are carefully informed wheti Mr. A. took 
phyiic, how n)ahy times it operated; at wh^t periods be ha4 
the toQth-;u:h ^ on what day his wife quickieiied ; and how he 
onte unluckily fcratching his backfide, fell foul of a pimple^ and 
made a fore place.- In (hort, it was with good reafon that (as 
the original Editor, Mr. Burnan, informs us) a near relation 
of Mr. A(bmoIe*s deemed thefe papers a curiofity < for their 
€xa^ttifs ZTkA Jingularity^'^Thtj contain, however, a number- 
of particulars which, to the lovers of the fiudy of antiquity^ 
and the friends of literature in general, will be very accept- 
able : and therefore we heartily forgive Dr. Plott f who tran- 
fcribed them, and the Rev. Mr. Parry ^ who collated themj not- 
withftanding that, in the dUcharge of this duty^ they have roa- 
nifefted lefs tafie than fidelity. Perhaps, indeed, as true anti- 
quari^T^^^ they thought It their efpecial duty to be moft relU 
gioufly caref4l not to rub offtbt ruft. 

r ' ■ ' " 

t The famous Author of the Naforal flilory of Su^rdfliire* &c« 
and Secretary to the Hqyal Society. 

X Of Jefus College, Oxford^^ and Ke^d Keeper of the AOimolean 
'-'inn, ■ ^ •? ' - .••■■ ..-.-.. 



r m 1 

A>.T. ll. ConJUerations on tht State cf Suhfcription to thi Jrticlei and 
iiturgf of the Church ofEngland^ towards the Clo/e of the Tear x 77-3 » 
«r, orient of nvbat JUteratioms had been made in it hy the f needing 
Debate* Recommended to the mofl ferious Attention of the three 
-Eftates of die Realm. By a Cotifilknt Proteiburt. £ro. i s. 6d« 
Wilkie. 1774. 

WE know not who the perfon is to whom the friends of 
religious Liberty arc obliged for thck CprT/iJerations i 
but, whoever is the Writer, he appears, from his manner of 
treating' the fubjeA before him, to be a finccre Cbriftian, a 
Confiftent Proteitant, and an able advocate for the great caufe 
in which he is fo worthily engaged. 

^ So much has been publi&ed of late, fayd he, concerning 
the propriety or impropriety of fubfcribine to bitwan articUs of 
faith J ahd particularly concerning thofe jubjcriptu/m which are 
required in this kingdom \ 'that It might (eem unnece&ary to 
add to the bulk of a controveffy already too large. *Yet till the 
matter is brought to an ijfue^ it Is an iafFair of fuch importance to 
the peace of many confcientious men, the honour of our Churchy 
and the interefts of true Cbrifiianity, that no man, who is fa- 
tisfied of its importance, can well be juftiiied if he does net 
lend a helping hand towards its dectfion. What has pafled, has 
thrown new Hght on the fubjedt \ and though nothing has ' yet 
been judicially determined, nor anv one flepbeeh taken towards 
/l^^tf/^ removing the difficulty unoer whicn we labour; yet it 
cannot be faid, that nothing has been done .by our altercations. 
And it may lead us nearer to fome cohcluHon, to have it known 
how far the caui'e has imperceptibly advanctd^ notwithftap4ing 
every art to defer it. ^ 

* This I ihall endeavour to (hew,' by a fliort review of the 
queftion : and t choofe to begin ab ovoy that every one into 
whofe bands this pamphlet fbali be put, may have the fubflance 
of the whole ca(b before' him: and (hat if the parliament ihall 
do nothing in this ftffion, towards giving relief to a large body 
cf confcientious Chriftiails, thfe world may judge between us; 
who is moft in the right, he who feeks it, or they who (hall 
ftill perfift In refdfiog to comply with fo pious a requeft. Few 
are at leifure, or willing, to wade through volumes of contro* 
verfy, or even to turn over what has appeared of late on the 
fubjed : but I (hould apprehend this fuccinA account may fuf- 
fice, to let even a ftranger into the moft material points on 
which the debate (urns (which he may purfue to advantag^e,*!r 
be find himfclf inclined, elfewbere) and I appeal to the warmeft 
advocates for our fubfcription themfelves, whether the h&z I 
(ball iclatc (bowivcr mcianQbofj ibi truth) be not true.* 

Oujf 



^Otli:A«»tkiQI^1no!ir proceeds v|k» give bjs R'^dcrs a contifis^ 
but :f)^fir*«i^.dift>>'^ view of the queftiooi v/r<>(p tbe.ctftik 
4>tJ^ftf/hr\mt)^ clofe pf .tht y^ar ijjif aod Jiben god on as 

« Here c^en tine matter EilfTD at pceGsnt. £ut Goo fORBCO 

THAT >T SHOULD EVJBR .RjeST SO I whUe there is i&MI^ 

amoQg Cbriftiaot it c^nnci. We call purr«]yes..ii Fr^lfjimi 
£burth ^.decjjw.agaioft i^Mi^tity ; and appeal . ta. /^ fiript^^ 
tbimfikHs, a# qqftfaioMig 4) ^tf)g9 o^eflajry to /^IvaCioxit. which 
¥i|e rcQQffimfnd |C| every one, aod require of our clergy to ftud^^ 
A fet pf. i^tuliSf drawn^ up two ceatiutiet agp iuitaUe to the 
fcholaftic notions of thofe times, remain iliU in ufe as the pair 
iim a^cordiog.to which all (be cUrgy are to fquai-e their opjnioost 
and all the clern are to frame their ipftrudioos. . Even Dijjku^ 
tas Xro«^ the efctbliihed (:hurch are npt allowed, to worfhip God 
JO t]|4f wn^JWy* M«fe.^h?y.wi^l bcv teftimony tp thp truth 
of i&fT rule, ^o(ti Clergy zxADiJfiMtfi baye fiudied the fcr^ 
tures ; an<i in tnany infta^ipe^ cannot $nd. ^m conformable 
with it J fuU have ufpiiid accordingly to the j^fla^ure in. its 
ir^^ brfiqichef,.to.releafe th^m froiq fo hard. a fervice, atf ta 
be ip>ide to jteftify an exad conforpity they dp not tse. What 
haa .been^e anfwer ? The Clbrcy are tokl that this is not 4 
timi for amendments, and they muft b^ aUoui$d to ufe alatUud$ 
in ib^ iBiirpr0Uf^$n of tl)e arpdesa tp nc^nciU /^^to.tbeqirclvest 
or CO take th^^ in Mnffinfi tbi words fviU bfar\ (or, perhaps,, 
like Peter's (boulder-knot, if the matter cannot be reconciled 
t$udem vtrUs^ ^ do it i^4lm liuriu) And as to^ the Dissek- 
T£&s i ih^ are ajfured that nqt^itbftanding xj^^ liiws are kepi 
in force ag^intt theof, their non-compliance fliall (for the pre* 
knt) bgif/miidat. 

^ Th^fe are no longer tbe Toothing word^ of too fond- a 
friend, the cafuiftry of private advice, or the deceit a man futs 
npo^ himiclff who is unwjiljiig to lofe bis hopes of preferment 
upon which all his profpedf in this life depfnd 1 but the cann^ . 
fel of pfirfon^ in a^uthoritv %< the only poflible. eaccufe they gsto 
to keep mien quiet, and lull theni adeep, under the t^niimHmea 
of a burtbcQ which neither they nor- their fathers knew well 
bow to bear. Nor is the non-compliance of the Dijinttrsy any 
longer to^ b^ look^ upon as adifobedience to governments 
though itis,a,difobediene^ to laws, which, though now i^rr 
numty it is well known may at any time hereafcor be roufed and 
enfo rc ed a g ai nft t h e m. 

^ But inppofe a clergyman to be fcrupulous, and unwil- 
ling to fet his band to what he does not ibor^ughfy believe \ and 
unwilling to declare that y«r trmb before the oongregatioa, 
which in bis.confcience he cannot fully and in every part adlow 

3 . ^ 



lyi ' ne Hi/liij \flmi Stmd^ j a Novel '" . 

to be truth. (The cafe is p^k:^ he it for fttm wktl^ikM, 
God will allow of f^pbijhj^ whatarcr bis Mnkfyflfirkts mmfj) 
What if h^ to4o HI cbia dikmoia i Is he to he flimi riKii, or 
to be iipt iscJtf or to min from the miniftiy of God in ins 
diaidi» becaufe he is of all flien At wmjl j/k ^fifw m it?* (If 
iiei^ires ever fo pioaakfyi he is liaUe to exeommviucationt 
and all itsharafingconfequ^nces.) Of is he ¥^;^re$iin^\nx» 
fKmiplfance, as thinkiiig be can that war be tmk ttfefiil to tte 
caufe of religion ; and then to be reproVaied and' fsi|peAed of 
finifter views, and branded with opprobrJons names, bceade lie 
filmii humbly tQ be reUeved from) fo infquitous'a burthen f 
And are the DissBNTEits to have the rod held over them ibr 
ever, if they %mUnH comity witb^what we know thef r«iijM f 
Or are they to be fufpeAed of defigns againft Ghriflianity, <or 
againft the ftate, becaufothey defire to bo re)eded froea fo 1^ 
vere a taw $ fo contrary to all the diSatcs Of kaiiiaaity» fe coii« 
tcary to all true Chriftianity ?' 

This may ferve as a fpecimen of our Audic^s manner of 
writing, which is lenlible^ libend, and manly. Hiew it- is pof* 
fible for our ecdefiaftical governors to perufe, vi^di ieriona at* 
tention, what many other aUe writers have advanced upta 
this ful^, ifld, at the fame time, farisfy themfelvca With lie* 
ting ftill as unconcerned fpedators of the laudable efierts of 
other men, is to us utterl^ inconceifable. If maMtlft are to 
remain upon the prefent iootbg, we cannot btrt thintt, wiCla 
our Author, that the glory of bur Church is eactinft. 

Hiofe who have opportunities Of converfing ibuch widi per^ 
fens in high Ufej laugh at the Petitioning Cle^, and vindicate 
the condud of our ecdefiaflieal governors. They tdt tis, that 
the Petitioners, they believe^ are worthy honeft cr ea tures, good^ 
Jimph foub^ hot that they know nothing of the woiM, and have 
veiy confined views i-— the Biihops, on the contrary, ihey fty» 
are perfons of (bperior capacities, and enlarged views; tbsBt 
they have too much eood fenfe not to look upon aU retigioue 
Arfiiems as pretty much the /ame ; and that th^ wouM there«» 
iore aA a very abfurd and impolitic part were they to rtfk the 
confequences of making any alterations. But is fiot this a 
ftrange apology for their Lordfliips ? Some of them, wi hi$w^ 
would not diink themfdves at all obliged to fuch viiidicatorsa 
and we have charity enough to h^pi as much of the ceft <tf the 
right reverend Bench. 

■ . 1 I , 1 . ' jm ■ ■ ■ 1 1 

Art. IV. The Hift9ry rfLmrd Suutfn. By a Geatlenon of the Mid- 
dle Temple, Aathor of nfTriW. i2mo. 3 Vela. 91. Vemor* 
WE remember to have read Tbi Trial '^ with gra^r plea* 
furo than we in general receive Irom works of thia no^ . 

* See Renew for Janokry 1772, p. 79. 

turej 



Tbi Hyhry sfliri Shtnitni a K«td* tf% 

mee ; znA enr frnfibk Author has contmued to toiufe as mte* 
aMfy in dw Tabmct now* Wlbre «§• The Hifioiy of Lord 
SfiiiMOy.iiMigh not any way equal to the wc^ks of oar firft- 
latei wntaifty .in Ah braaah of 'literature^ are mueb foperior bm 
tfaa conwot? lyn.of thofc Pbmancts that are dtAljpMVOxed un^ 
<fer thotitkt fli Utevek t ahd we wHl yenture to aiore thofe of 
Qiifc&flackr% wbo. have a tafta for wrttirigs of this kind^ that 
tk^ will not. iad the tiane employed in pernfing the prefene 
workc who&jt thwwii- away. 

Mmy ofth«lBtte0oontaiaed In thbHiftory are fenfible^ (pi^ 
nM^ mA afiodfcing.. Loid Stanton having heen, bj the care 
of hia Jinclfer> <dwcated in the country^ and entirely feeluded 
ffioai;the. gnerand gay world, till he was of age, now leavea 
hiewtiifnimn,:and» under the concealed naane of Benfon, ar- 
rives in\homlKm.t where, having by a fortunate accident, been 
I ioteockicod w a: genteel family^ he proceedato make his obfer^ 
vaiionaon'oen and nnnners, as they appear tohhn indiat 
great dieatreiof pleafure and diffipstion. The feducing fcenes 
betrooeta^vidi^ have however a vifible eiFed on hi? morals i and 
the firaeiity ^ his virtue mess than iifiai to relax when he giver 
hit fridBd ja dieconntry the foHowing account of a mafqnmde, 
feene, in which. he was peculiarly intercfted.-^This, and his 
frjeod^s^fimrao^it,' with fome abridgment, will be fgffictent 
toifliew. the-ftjde and manner in sidiich this Hiflory is written. 
• f Ignorantsof the ways of rte world, as I am, yet I have not 
been mthont n^ atchievements : a porter put a billet into my 
hand» and^ wfaitft I waa admiring the fuperfcription of ir, got 
oflFunqneffimed. It waa addrdfid in the monitory verfe of Dry- 
deo« ^ B^^pstui^^Lifoi $ fmj ftmun art M tubm n$t cQnttdii^ 
Thia beipQke a myftery, and I baftily burft open the paper ; it ~ 
coatdned ibefe woids : <« Titania^ Queen of the Fairies, to the 

nmft chasmiog of the Sons of Men Love (pares not immor« 

talit y ' la d / iKwe felt bis fluftt, that mortals have been ad- 
mitted to our emhtaces is. authorized by many infiances : that 
heighth of honour is referved for you. I fliall be at the maf- 
qnecade to^merrbw night in my proper dreft. If you dare en- 
oomier me I fltall meet you half way ; but I know that fecrecy 
alone* cad enfive you a fiiiry^s afiedUon. Perhaps before we 
part Imay condefcend to be a mortal/'— —-It is not to be fop- 
po^ 1 failed to meet my fair antagonift: to encounter the 
Qpecnof the Fairies it vras neceflarv that I ihould put on pro* 
per apparel: 1 was dreft like a fbrefter, green was the clofe ha- 
Utwhfchfitted my body i my (bear glittered in my band, and 
n^ biigle hoco hung from my moulders ; bat till her Majefty 
appearra^ \ concaved myfelf in a domino. She did not enter 
the room till late, aind her appearance attraded the efres of thc^ 
i|Udle motley company : her robe was of a light blue, em- 
broidered 



kioiderdi with filve^fiars^ zni^kxy/^n ; hdr hw wj(i boond up 
4>iniU]r; and a fttittg bf diMnandi^peAred to canfiae it^ wkkh 
tenninttcd en a hi^ crefccnt* ^ i cniinot reatt]r-4t&ribe die 
other parts of berdre(!r, which' hMpokeaaekgantiiuioy^ and 
gfcot ricbne^*: I muft not howevor* forget her wond^ttiv^to till 
jQKL that her fcapo was faultfeft, andrlmr air nobln ' I Jtmdtd 
ber fome time m any donnno, andltfteDed to*cht anCnt»9-fte 
gave the c^owd that thronged 4d»atJier; ibr, coming iMotbe 
loom alone, flie excited every body's .attenwov -and 4»«a at« 
tecked on all iidei ; I call ber alone,' aa (ke had oft^ a'ptrfrn 
in the charaSer of an attendant fairy with. ben ^exvpuHU 
every body that came near her, and' her tye was-ki-queft of 
femetfaing, ihe knew not whaC. it was tiine tax dti m t ber-fiDOm 
ber anxiety; and, flipping txir to the place 'whett* jay . fc ly i ct 
attended^ I threw xiff my domino,, and enteced aa^tdwituntet^p- 
1 approached her, and wketherihe knew my pesfaor or-ooe in 
that di^uiie^ file .darted as I cam&near her.' ^ iiiaveqreoetvtd 
a fore wound faid I, and the- Qoeftti of the Eaifies.i:mi a la at 
cture XDc" <^ Is itvifible V* *^ Naj and. tbat jBBkea;it .the 
BKMre dangecous.** ^* WheadidTOitTeceineitf^'t^ Yiefterday 
at noon." •* Hal Forcfter, are: fau come?'' MYt^i and you 
muft lay afide your pretenfions to .fairy knowledge^ 'fori luve 
attended yoiir perfon in difguifeveirer fince yon appaarcd, wMe 
your eye was feeking me in wain. Yoii ittuft drop your divi- 
jxity, and break your wand, for iican be aarfecret tara-fairivi^- 
taiy as to the Queen of the Fairies." •• Youroirmc of my 
divinity too foon : confider I fltaiL be lets tfouUafeme. ia tfais 
«^^^i charader than when I (ink into ameer wowianw'' By 
this time we had got away from the company, and found' our- 
felves almoft alone. Here we entered into converfation, and I 
prevailed with, her to (hew me her face, which would not Kaive 
difgraced the reatityof the charaderibe a(romed; It was pealiy 
charming : an explanation foon *enfaed, atid we retired from 
die crowd which prevented our joy, and heightenfd .expeC'^ 
tation. ..:',. 

* Do not 'imagine i pafs my ttmo in fedudng innooenoe, or 
violating the nuptial bed<^-<-no fiArb thing. Thiswasthe-miftrdii 
of a nobleman, who kept her more for the vanity of fasving fo 
fine a woman in his power, than for any other gftftfficatite. 
She thought berfelf at liberty to pieafe her fiindy, and I hap- 
pelted to be the happy man. Well, l^bompfon, and. wlita«*s 
die harm of all this i Your gmvity will be difpleafed wiA k» 
and will make you look on me as a very bad fcUow ^ but tfaongh 
I indulge and gratify the defires fo natural, and coofequent lo 
youth, I truft I do not forget the diSates of bononr, or ^1 to 
pay a due refpcS to virtus.'«-««« 

His 



Tbi Hjfldfy 0/ Lord SiMik ; ^Kovd. tf^jf 

• Hit friend who, thoiigh little ^der than Lord Slanto^i, bad^' 
lived with biiii «8 his tutor and compamon^ thus fenfibly re*' 
pliea to tho foregoing letter : 

« If I cab pi^Atoie upon the right ^ a friend, which irrtt 
ifla|»lie» cqoali^^ your excufes for your filoiice* camiot be ad* 
aiitted. Ob, my good friend, th6y<ate -the w^^ that can be 
frwied^ and forry I am- to tell you fo. Ob thoa of little refo* 
Jtttipn, who oanft fo foon relinquiSi thy boafted attachment to 
wtue, whofe heart yielda to every flight and tronfient tempta* 
tion. The honour of thy youth foHidcen, and forgot $ in what 
naooerihaU I addreft vou? How fliatl the admonitions of thy 
friend reach thy ears, allM witlt flattery and: falfehood, or how 
iball my words gain a paflage to thy heart, when all' the ave^ 
Auea are cfaoaked with variety, and fiU'd with licentious plea* 
fiireMcaBQotfoforfbrgetny former intereft in you, as not 
to warn you, with friendly voices to avoid the edge of the pi«-^ 
cipice that yawns beneath you, and wher^ if you fall, ruin and 
dtftniAioa await you^---'— How manv are the fuj^terfuges vice 
flies to, endeavouring to palliate her anions with the femblance 
(if T^hf ! Thus you call the acquaintance of the lewd and aban* 
idooedt a knowledge of the world ; and thus you ftile liberti* 
ntfin and folly, vivacity and ipirit. Who are your companions i 
With irtioai do 3rott aflbciate? Thofewhom honour has for* 
£dcen, wfaoA virtue difowns, who are unacquainted with ho- 
nefty, who are ftrangera to every thing; good. ' Thou (halt noC 
touch pitch, but thou flialt be defiled; and a communicatioit 
vrith the votaries of folly iball contaromate the heart* The fen- 
ciments and the aSions have a dofe connedion with each other. 
If ybur heart is not totally abandoned, you mufl: have flmifik 
back urith horror on your nrft introdudion to the paths o( li'^ 
centioufnefs. The man who hears without difapproving, tacitly 
commends ; then where will this road lead us ? Oh 'tis too 
dffonal to think of it, or caft our eyes only where it hgins to 
^cerminare; misfortune, difeafb, in^my, wait with open iirms 
to receive yoO.— -— But I queftion if your generous heart could 
fiipport the diigrace which you will nnd awaits you. When 
your eyes come to be opened^ when all your adions, however 
bad or diflioneft, are hung up in the*frineof Time, and Me* 
jnory, ever to be tbim (hunned, takes them down, and prefehta 
them to your view, the colours- heightened by refle^On, and 
yonr pafions fled, what then wtU become of you ? Can you 
Aipport -your own thoughts, or bear the idea, even at prefent» 
p£ what i^y ban>en * l]iefeafter ? You Jcnow not the nature of 
the a^iions you commit every moment^ how ufljttfr5 or. bedi 
exclufive of the immorality of them, thou^ cuftom has gilded 
them over with the appellation o( gallantry and amour* If we 
. confider 




parts of b^f ^^^ , 

1^ at her Ihape ^^. 
,rn« f^"^e in my 4 
CL^e crowd that tV 

^^^^'-^^ ^:<J on all fides ^ f 
^^^^ 5^<^ charadUrcf . 
^y body thai c^^;' 

_^^^ .^xaxitty; and, 
— _^ ^^^^ gT.<3 <^* ' thrc^ 

^ ^^ ^g^ j3 reached hi?r^ 
"^^^^ <i t %u tfe, fli J. 

^<:= me." i« r 

^^^ .,^11: lay afidt 
^ ^^i^r eyei^v 

^a m^tnity to 
^vclnis limi 

prevail 





^el^^rfj^athwi iff 

a)ter#IJi his tk1la< fiof Mie^ humoiir^ add pointed &tiref. ~ 
W« ot^im«d^ mverttaekft, that we thought, in Tonie inftancesi 
Aeicept^thc.Mntier of Sctrne, the EtiglUh Rabdais, in t\tw \ 
md'mft Hill confida* htm as in fome mcafure a difeiple of thai 
^fKn<Hi«fter': jf^ ba/olkms no kader wUh fb much fervi-^ 

* ]f ty as to incur the reproach of being an imitator. 

>ny»eftts<0 4« liur>pwilliar &ncy of this Writer, to fpirit his 
mnfort hMrk mt^ the remote agea of ancient Greece, wheA 
Qfeeee was in the "aeoith of her gkiry; when Plato, Socrates* 
'JCtncphoi^ and other venerable fages floiltiflied : to walk wnH 
•horn -in the fld«leiiiic gtiave, to converfe with them in the fcien* 
lifie^^Gtt, tx> tread ovw again the fiepa of Tittie^ and to joifi , 
ili« wiAem and diQ manners of antiquity with the knowledgie 
%Nid the impNMMHentft bf laier ages. Nor is ihe aflemblage at 
all ufinatiiral. The -ftrt of the Writer, in a great meaiitm, 
iMvcvitsr us frMi feifitig where the mixture takes filaoe ; fe that 
* 1y not everj^ ordinary reader who cim rtiark the point whcr^ 
"Aitfc (cience unites with German % wit ; and where the Gre- 
cian moralift deviates into the hero of a feigned hiftory, 

' . Nor is it ,Qnly the wiTdoxn and the virtue of ancient Greeta 
that are here revwed and produqd as objedb of our contempla- 
^Otf.aod afteeai. This various Writer introduces u%^ Ilkcwifea 
4M> the kixttlrfous feeaea^ the amuMttl haaqmts^ of the polite ana 
3itegaiit^ <arwel) as she fage ud phUofophic, Athenians ; who 
-H^re ^^wlly tfi(J)6ftd to the enjoynuuit oiFmental and corporeal 
•pleafbres. Wcibare ^tth Acm th^ gratifications rf the tabls^ 
the raptures of mufiCj and all the delights of the rhoft refined 
and voluptuous love, 

, JBut here the^ravcr part of Mr. W.*s readers mty be apt to 
laife fome objediong to the morality of his preient performance* 



1.1 r. 



t * The teamed aad tngsnioBs Author of ^athon has be^n well 
known, for fome time paft, in die literary werkf, aS a ma.a of ^e- 
^ifiiui aiid finditioii. He has dtitinguiflted himfelf as a paet, a ftkiy^ 
f^ft\ a tnomi, Ana a dramatic wiiicfr. Though, the £fflgu!aricy cif 
'ioai^of his^^dodioBs has egopofed Iiim to the ievefe ceoMra of tb^ ' 
Oermtm c^ics, yet his writm^» in ^eneral^ hare been frail received 
by m^ftofhis tonntrymeo.' TRAKaLAToa*tPref» p. x« 

} The notion of Girman wit may extort a imile from thofe Bn^- 
clMh readers yrho ate anac^naiDted wish the change of coinp]e?uQiti 
which the mafes of that ehtpke have andergone^ within the prefeat 
trenttiry. Tfie li^fhter Ftresch have been a&d to fneer at the Ger- 
mans foftheir fappofird want of tk;it^jfa/h/tagt7tatiGn for which they 
Hftiflk*tlie%z^lve»'io eminently diftiaguiihed above other nlortals ; but 
the judicieas TraaHator of this wonc haa, >n his Prefaee, irery pro- 
' perlf esepeftd the fntiJity of this nxnh^n, and dosie jailke to thie me- 
'rit of the moft diftinguifhed German writers ; who£t names it is hede 
-tiflfyeceffiiiy to r^fMBN . 
• Rev. Mar. 1774. N They 



17? thi Hifiotj 9f Jgathfu 

They may eiiqQire'whettKf he lias not painkd feofual etq9f^ 
ments in colours that areitoo fedludive to young mtnda, and 
perfons of warm feelings.; and whether bid work will hot» 
therefore, pravadangerous to tho(e readcjsswho do not always 
fufficiently.dilcnaiinate the luxurious defcripcion and tbe.oiofal 
inference. - . • 

Oar Author is, indeed, aware of this dijeAion ; to wbkh, 
liowever, he does not admit that his work: is juflly amenabiei 
He feems to think that if we would give virtue a real advantage 
.over vice, the encounter (hould be^ftrifkiyconf^muUe to the 
laws of honour ; that each fide fhould have fur play ; that both 
parties fhould be albwed room to exert their fuilAreogth, ia 
order to render the fuperiority of the conqMCror the more con- 
fpicuous, and the vioory .more, complete and decifive. Ami 
here let the Author defend his own caufe. 

* Id (everal placet of this work* (ays he. We have givea our res- 
:ibas why we have not made Agathon the model of^ a perfb^ virtu* 

Qus chara^er« The world is already fufficieatly ftocked with cm^ 
picas treatifin of moralityt aod every one may finely indulge his 

. fancy (for nothiag b eaiier) in forming a hero, who (hall from hu 
cradle to his grave» in every circumHance and relation of life, alvirays 
perceive, think, and ad as a perfed moralilt Bot as A^adion was 
intended to repreient a real charader, in which others might ^^co- 
ver their own Itfeeoefs, we maintaia that the autfcor coaki not, con* 
fiftently with this defign, make him more virtooBS than he is; but 
if others art of a contrary opinion (for it is certain timt the b^ dift* 
rader is that which has the greated qoalities with the fewcfl faults) 

. we only dciire that they would, among all mankind, fix upon any 
one, who, in a iimilar fitaation, would have been more virtuous 
than Agsthon. .... 

' A young liberdne, ^flibly opon finding that an Agathon waa 
overcome by the infinuating allurements of love and of a uanae, may 
be ready to draw the fame conchi6on that Chanea* doer in Tereaeav 
upon viewing a pidure which reprefested an amorous intrigue^of Ju- 
piter. After having read with fecrtt joy that foeh a osao had ftUen, 
ne might txclaim in the words of Chjma in the poet ; J^ immmwtm 
hoc monfa€ntm ? En *uero illmdfadamf ac luiems* A mum too of « 
vicious turn of mmd, or of a profligate charader, may, perhaps, 
upon reading the argument of the fophlft Hippias, imajgine that tai^ 
will plead an excofe for his vices, and joflify his infidelity; bot every 
honeft man moft be coavinced, that the immorality of the one, and 
the licenttous freedom of the other, would have been joft the iame» 
had the hidory of Agathon never appeared^ 

* This lail inflance naturally leads us to an explanatton, which w« 
think ourfelves obliged to make, to obviate the fcruples of certain 
ignorant though well meaning perfons, and to premt them firom 
taking ofiFence haftily, or forming any ralh judgment,—*— 

' This relates to the introdudion of the fophift Hip^as in this 
hifiory, and to that particular dtfcourfe, in which he flatters himfelf 
he fhall get the better of Agathon's viitUGUs and amiiriiie tntha- 

.fiafm» 



fiafm, aod infpire him with foch a tarn of thooght* as the ibphift 
with good reafOD believed to be moxe it for his i^vancement in the 
world. People who fee things in a ^proper light, will readily per- 
ceive, both from the whole plan of this work, and froni the manner 
in which we fpeak of this iophift and his principles, how little we 
approve etdier the man or his fyilem. Bat thoaeh it is neither agree- 
able to our manner of thinking, or confident with the call and (xfiga 
of our work, to inveigh againft him with the farioas seal which 
tranfports a yoong divine, when he enters the field of polemioLl 
controverfy againft aTindai or a Bolingbroke, in order the better to 
recommend himfelf to the favour of his patron^ ibr a good living i 
yet we hope we have left the fenfible and weIl*difpofed reader no 
toom to doubt, that we look upon Hippias as a bad and dangerous 
man, and confider his fyilem (as far as tt oppofes the e/Tential prin- 
ciples of religion and jaftice) as a piece of fophifbry, which would 
deftioy human (bdety, if it were morally probable that the greater 
t>arf of mankind ihould be influenced by it* We flatter ourftlvest 
chat we are entirely fkee from fufpicion upon this head ; but among 
oitr readers fome good people may be found, who may at leaft tax us 
with impradenoef and think that we either ought not to have in- 
^nodoced fuch a man as Hippias, or, if the plan ef our work required 
it, that we (hould have fully refuted his principles ; we think it but 
rMrfbnable to lay before them the motives which induced us to do 
thr odeatid not the other. 

* Our plan required that our hero fhould be reprcfcnted under a 
variety of trials, which might make* hia tarn of thoughc and his \rir« 
toes confpicaotts, andgfadosUy feparate every thing h\k or extra"* 
ragaat from his mind. It was therefore neceflary to mske him un- 
dtftgo thefe trialSf as Hippias is a well known hiAoricai charader, 
who with the other fophifts of his thne^ had greatly contributed to 
corrupt the manners of the Greeks : the contrail alfo between thefe 
two chanufters is extremely proper to fee that of Agathon with bis 
principles in the moft adva n t a geo us , light. Befides, as it is but too 
evident that the greater part ^ thofe, who form what is called the 
polite world, have the fame fentiments as Hippias, or a£l agreeably 
to his principles, •fo at was a part of the moral plan of this work, to 
fiieaiihexie& of thefe principles, wheiLradaGed to a proper fyilem. 
Thefe are the chief reafons which occaiioned the introdu^on of this 
iophift is our hiftory, though we have not reprefented him worfe 
(haa he really was, or than his followers are at prefent. 

■*■ A fill! r^utackm of what was either falfe or dangerous in his opi- 
nions (for he is not ahvays in the wrong;) would have been, accord- 
ing to our de^^, entirely mifplaeed ; -and we cannot but think it 
woold have been idfo fuperflnoos to our xeadecs«. AgathonV anfwer 
to him is the bed that can be given, but the whole work^ to any one 
who confidccs k ^together, will appear to be a complete refutation 
oiith Agathon babies Hippias nearly in the fame manner* as Dio- 
genes did the ibpJuftt who denied diat there was any foch thing as> 
motion : Diogenes permitted him. to talk on as long «s he would^ 
atod.when he had done, he contented himielf only wish walking care- 
^ei^ly about before him. This, andoubtedly» was the only aafwer 
ft^ Sopm deferved.* 

N a I* 



fSd Viettijlaty .of Action. 

It tvould "be -difficult *io enlarge farther on tHfe pJan aitd cha^ 
l-after of this pleafiQg t^^ormaticc, V(ithout fccming to have 
borrowed from the (ketch of the work jgiven in the Tran- 
llator^s preface; we {ball th^reforie content durfelves witli an 
abftra(f^ of what is thefe iatd pa the merit of this v^y. lingular 
iromanoei viz. 

* Thie Hiftory of AgatfcoD is confidered .as the Aoth^'s mafier* 
|)iece % aad. indeed he difoovcrs throoghout the whole of this work 
much original genius* and vcry^xtenfive reading of modem as weila« 
ancient writers • In the fir ft volume we find a learned and eurioiu 
account of the fophiUs of Greece, which feeras confommMe to what we 
read of them in the dialogues of Plato and Lodan. There is nMidi 
good metaphyikal reafoning in the conferences between- Hippias afi4 
Agatbon ; and though it Iras been juftjy imputed to die writers of 
controveHial dialogaes, that the^ Mrt cautious of rtprefenting in thei» 
full force the arguments they mean to refute, yet Mt* Wjei^amd hae 
been particularly attentive not to incur this cesiiire* The aj^gtuneats 
the fqf>hift Hippias ufes in iupport of his fyftem, appear to be iet Ia 
their Urongeft light, fo that it may fometimes be a matter of donbCv 
whether tlw teply is fo%ientl^ oonvinpng« In general, hofvever; 
Agathon has the beft of the difpate; and if even there ihoaki be 
tonm to doubt, it may bejowing to the A u thorns aocaracy m endea- 
vouring to make the anfwers confident with his hero's chaiateri 
which in his yonnger days was that of anenthufiaft^ 

' The beheviour of Agathon at Athens in the iecond volume is re-* 
snarkably ftriking ; and the delcription of the saanaers and dtfpofi-* 
tion of that republic very juft and entertaining. ^ .The account of tho 
court of Dionyfius is extremely pieafing ; and the coitrt-iatri|;uesare 
difplayed with a degree of penetration and fiMcity» which indicate 
a thorough knowledge of the human hesR-t. * The extrads ^m Aga* 
thon's fpeech in &voar of a monarchical govcxament, are maH^- 
pieces of elegance as well as of found reafoning. Thelb parU of the 
work are fo excellent that they may be read with pleafure^ perhaps 
wi^ advantage ; by ftatdhieo and politicians* 
. * Thecharaderof Archytas in the lail volume is highly finiflied ; 
and may be looked upon as one of the moft amkbie and ceofiteit 
characters ever drawn« 

* But it would be endleis to particularize all the beauties of this 
work. Let it fnfee to fay* that Mr. WifiLANOr^ itile is nervous and 
ilroDg, his defcriptions poetical and pidurefqae, tkongh on fone oc« 
colons they may be too wiH* His reaibaing, upon the whok, ia 
jufl, aild in many parts we meet with that nofaSs fim^city, which ia 
the charadteri^ mark of dn ancient manner of wnting^ and the teft 
of true geniusl- 

* Among fuch a variety of exceUencies, we4rovld wifll there were 
bleaufhesof confeouence'to be foand, especially as thofe which do- 
occur might have been to eafily avoided* We 4nuft do the Author 
the juRke to declare, that thefe£iults feem chiefly to have ari^^ 
from hnrryi and want of attention, evident marks of -which mainidi 
themii^lv^s in this .etherwift /epcrior and- capita] perfbimance* 

a 'Aireht 



- ^.,A vein^ of {Kj^bted Tatire rona thfoogb the w^bqle. work; aofi 
though it is often jajiciouAy applied, and with mnch wit, pardca- 
Tarly againil modern writers ofhoveYs and romances, yet it ieem$ (p 
be d) much the Author's favourite turn, that three Of fobi* differeiit 
Srokes qf it are fre(juex\tly coin plicated and thrown together in the 
fame fentence. This unavoidably creates conflHion, and periods of 
an immoderate lefagth, a defcft, which we have taken the liberty to 
correft as much as poffible ih the trauflation. ' . . . 

* Although the RSry is profeffcdiy borrowed from a Greek mapu- 
fcript, yet there are otany allufions in it to modern cuftojns, man- 
ners, and writings, which take ofi^in a great meafure from the antique 
call that ought to have been unifbrmly preferved thraugh the whole. 
Tfee Author inclenl ii^oiogLzes fbr thefe in the preface ; hut the oe- 
jccfiity of fttch aD;a]>ok»yivfalui be^^r be^n avoided; for we app^« 
jie^4 tl»at b^^jsiih^ lyimed to j^ye himfelf the trouble of correcting 
xhoie paiT^ge^y.Qsr th^t his t^ri^ for £ric^re induced him rather to le/Tei^ 




flight imperfcftion pointed out in the faft paragraph 
foregoing extrad, he very honeftly* proceeds to cenfure his Au- 
thor for certain carelefs expref&ons, and an indelicacy in fotne 
of his allufions, 'which, as he obferves, we fliould hot have ex- 
p^Sttd in (b elf giant a Writer ; but we think there is, in thi* 
work, a defeiSl of more importance than any of ihofc which h(: 
has noticed. A romance, or a novel, like other fables, ufualty 
ends with a moral dedu£iion j' and it is proper that this fhould 
always be tHe cafe, not only becaufe the moral is the main ob- 
Jeft and encJ of the piece, but b^caufe the farewell impreffion 
left on the ReaderV mind when he clofcs the book, is gcnenlf^ 
thjt which ftrikes the dcepeft, and lafts the longcft* Now,'al* 
though the balance obvioufly inclines in favorur of morality; 
throughout the whole of Agathon*s hiftofy, there is 'no exem- 
plary inference of this kind at' the concliifion of the work; 
for, there, the hero of the tale rdapfes (after his return to vir- 
tue, in the thirfj 'volume) into his Itiil^laced love for a beautlftfl 
)and highly accompti(hed courtes^znh, who had deluded aijd fafcf^ 
xiated nim in the early part of his yputh, and of his 'adventures, 
"This, in the Author, is criminal ; but he has alfo grofsly vio- 
lated the laws of female delicacy and decorum,^ by introducing 
this courtezan to the acquaintance and frlendihip of an amiabl^ 
^nd virtuous lady^ who certainly -could not, confiftently, at 
leaft, with our modern notions of li6nour, attach herfelf to fuch 
^ perfon, without rcllnquiOiing all pretenfibns to reputation. 

Xn jullice to Mr. Vv, we muft not, however, oftrit to ac^- 
quaint our Readers, that he does ^ot, in fa£t, appear to 'have 
intended t^ie clofe of the fourth volume for the final compretion 
of his defign. On the contrary, he there talks ot certain ^ fup- 
plens^a^ and additions to the Hj^orys which p^y not be un- 

N 3 worthy 



til fhtf^rmei^s Ltnvjenl 

worthy thp attention of the public, and which wilt gffe us a 
view of the opinion3 and cbnduft of the amiable Agathon, ai 
fifty years old. 

Art. Vl. 'Tbt Tarmer^s L^rwyer ; cr, Evtry Country Gentleman bis onjtm 
Coun/eHor. Concaining all the Law* now in Force that partica- 
larly concern the Farmer, the Coaatry Gentieman» the Clergy- 
man, the Maltfter, the Hop-Planter, the Carrier, or any otice 
Perfon whofe Bufinefs or Antufements occaiion him to reilde chiefly 
in the Country, &c. By a Gentleman of Lincoln's Ian* izmo, 
3 s. 6d. Kcarflcy, to. 1774. 

AS this Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn feems. diipofed to pac- 
ed out our laws into fmall compendiunas tor diffierent 
vfes (which is not an ill (cheme, if maturely executed, and not 
converted, into hafty jobs) it is to he hoped he will be more 
careful in any performances of this kind now ujider contempla- 
tion, than he bas beeo in thofe already publUbed. His Cmr« 
plun Pari(h Officer* was far from meriting that charaSer; and 
his Farmer's Lawyer^ will leave his clienx as ignorant as be 
found hi^n with refpeft to many points on Which he may have 
occafion to confult him, nbtwithttanding his^ liberal ailurances 
of fupplying all tht laws now in force relating to— a fpecificatioa 
too long to copy from the ample title-page. A farmer's lawyer 
is a dennite term, and if Judicioufly executed might have an*- 
fwered the purpofe both of the farmer an.d publifli^r ; but this 
Gentleman, in one duodecimo volume^ aflures us he has given 
tts any (or every) perfon's lawyer whofe biifinels or imufements 
occ^ion him to refide in the country ! Alas, our laws cannot be 
fo compadly epitomifed, that we (hould take a random ailertton 
of this nature tot a tmth ! But as the Farmer^ the Country GentU^ 
man^ the Clergymany the Maltjlery ^he Hop -planter^ and the CarrUr^ 
are particularly mentioned, it may alfo be aiked at random, why 
no notice is taken of laws undef the titles Advowfons, Bailiffs 
and Bailiwicks, Banks, Chaplains, Churches, Commons, Co* 
pyholds. Courts Baron and Leet, Fairs and Markets, Fences, 
Fens, Firft-Fruit^ and Tenths, Fortfls, Freeholds, Hufbandry 
and HufbandmcQ, (^andrTax, Leafes, Militia, Mortgagas, 
.#arks, Poor's Rate^ Simony, Tenures, Trefpafs, ^c. al] which 
concern one or other of the three former rural ftations ? 

Whatever npay be thought or faid by fuch writers as the 
jprefent namelefs Compiler, the expofmg the failures in their 
engagement^ afTords 00 pleafure, apaift from the care we endea* 
vour to take not to deceive 4>ur Readeri) who in this inflapce 
are no fmall number, t)y unfair reprefentatlons \ ^nd noauthor 
has a right to claim apy tendern^fs of this kind. Let him fettle 
(lie point with hit bookfeller who happens Xo be deceived in the 

* Vid. Catalogue for this month. ^ 

confidence 



Tbi Egrmir'i LSf^ytr. i8j 

confidence be repo&s^ and who is necqflarlly kd to tndemsiify 
Umfelf as well as he can. UnbappUythe dUirredit af fuch con* 
dud extends to literature in genera), and afFe£ls the firft pro* 
fobh of the moft a^nrate writer on any fiAyeSt i. a difappointed 
pnrcbaifet natisral|y forming concliitons pitjudiciil to ev^y 
amhor who IbUoita Attention to his labours. • ^ • i 

Even the clailes contained in ,thi$. pexformance^ are neither 
full nor corred. Under Cy^ we have regulations for making 
^alt, from the laft ad» which the Author afterward, under 
Atab^ owns to be ^^unnaturally bleiided'! with cyder. . Under 
the title Game^ the penalties for killing game in the ni^ht; or 
on Sunday, are recited from the 16 Geo. III. c. 19. which was 
repealed by the 13 Geo. III. c. 8o. The provifions relating to 
1)lack and red game ^e taken frotn the 2 Geo. HI. c. 19. though 
tkat ad, To iar as it related to thofe "(^ecies of game, was re- 
pealed by 13 Geo. III. c. 55. Ik'hck ads 13 Geo. ill. c. 55. 
md c. 8o. do indeed by a firange inftiince of careleShefs^tend* 
ing to confound the reader, follow the obfolete matter; and k 
is to be noted, in general, that recent ads, not already abridged 
by others, are given at hrge without abftrad, the formal enad<^ 
ing words beginning the clau(es,-excepted : by Which dafy 
means, the book is unneceflarily firelied with litde trouble t6^ 
the Compiler. - ^-^ 

The laws rehthig to Hay and Straw are quoted^ fVom the aA 
a W. & M. c. 8. which reference appears to govern the wJiole 1 
though the greateft part of what is there faid is taken from the 
31 Geo. II. c. 40. by which means the reader whp may wilh 
to confult the original zA more carefully, is mifled in his fearcb, 
and left without a guide to fet him right. 

Under Himpf one only circumftance it mentioned, viz* the 
penalty on watering it in ftveama or ponds where cattle aee wa* 
tered 1 although there are feveral other laws rdating to flax and 
bemp^ nccefiary to be known by perfons coneerMd in thofe 
articles. 

Under title H^rjis, there is no mention of the ftatntt relating 
to the eitporution of them, and the duty to be paid on fendiiig 
them abroad } nor of the regulations for horfe-racing, which 
oioft country gentlemen would wiih to know, as racing is at 
this time fo ferioufly purfued by the gentlemen of the tuH^. 

Laws relating to the grinding corn and malt, are indeed 
fiven under the article Miller \ but thofe flv knaves are not 
-told -the penalty they are fubjeA to if they fell flour for making 
ftuidird wbeaten bread, of a different quality froaa that pre* 
fcribed by the lau bread ad. 

* It had not pediapa been worth while to enter into thefe infiances 
of carelefs compoition, were it not fometimes needful to guard 
againft commoq*place invectives, which are geoerdly ready- 

N 4 when 



itf Thi Innarfh \ w^ J^ct 1/ Ot Ptice's Mimual 

Wbeit AewrUcri of fuperfictal books arp^ilimnarily 
wkbout f trtience being psoduced to eniUe tfaePuMic to joAg^ 
of tho veidift given agtiuft them* As to the baftf Com^&fato' 
Df tbe^ifefent pcrformaitcr, .^hate^'or be may im/t^imk ai^t^ 
^oregoijig limes, tbejr may Heresftery perhspii; b»«aiad»iUi^SM 
fwer a piirpofe, to whicb tbeRcyicvseriwiil b^vcaO'ObfedlioiK 

'< : V 1 . ;_^ ^ J ,1 '^ • ' '■' T 

3 * * * * II ■>■ < IB . ■ ■ , i i y. ^ 

* , . , ^- . w . : * 

fk%T. VU. r^f /r«r«rrA ; y, Jiy^/r^ e/'j^^ ?w«2# ^uual. A^drflflM 
. CO t^e GeBtlemesL in tiic Qommi^ion P.f ilic^^oacc for the C^ftr^ 

of Lciceftcr. By a Gentleman of ^o. Commift^onl Tp ^vftUl Af 

prefixed, a Dedication to Lord Mans£eld« by . another Hand, '^vo^ 

2 $. P*yn*. 1774. 

TQ.bfgiiP^ regularl]^ with, tbis e^ccclUnt paaipjMe|» ihtf AUif 
conunonly expanded dedication tO; tW^ Chief Jufti^. i^ 
the Court pf King's Bc|icb claims tbc ftrft ^pC4C0 \ tbovgb tb« 
jread^r's atftotion will fiq^Uy reft pq^tj^siur^^ Wore wU^ k.^a 
pUcfd : tbe latter being of iUndiRg utiiiiyf )irb4« the (otmct is 
0aly;of temporary iniportaoc/s; ihe on^^^tij^^^ing tb« w^Iftie 
oif ^hc i»tb«k body of jbfi.ij^ipn* tbe ojt^rnooly regarding ^^ 
^bara^er Oif ^vk individusl^-ran individual indeed of no txifitfig 
f«IatM)D.«D jfa^. P.ablict. cc^oring his ftatipn and bis poNr«(« 
The declared piirppfe of this addrefs is thus exprcjSed: . ^ ^^.^i 

* b v(^9pr io much infant fbi* a dcdicatisn to yow .Lordibbi as * 
for avehioip to convey certain hinu to the Publi9, uncler the aun^^*^ 
and jan^tjon of your Lordfhip's n^e. Hints will fuffice for tbe 
purppfe here in view : which is, hoc to treat things in detail and at 
{arge, but only to touch them in a fumm^ry way '; not fo much t^ 
teach men any thing of which they are ignpraiit, as to remind tbexii 
pf what they know. Under this idea,' and trpoif this plan; let me be 
borne patiendy, white frmeuiioti a few of thoft^ articles, which' arf 
reokootdaHwngpor gfievsnccs in the law; smd which havo tew* 
what iiftfottlfdoeQiur I^wdfiitp irthe aiei^9fis orthe Englxilu' , • 

TbiAJsjtftfuUy doneby cofumcnting ofl vho fcyocaJi.cjsirgsl 
exhibited in Junius's celebrated letter to Lord M. froia ^tcjp 
largos itHT j5edieaSor would fe^m willing fpexcblpMe bis Lord- 
ship; though it is probable the perionagi^.addrefled wiil-noit 
hold himfelf under any groatcr obligation for the tntttec of thf 
llrfence^ than for the manner of tbus reftcAiiflig the* mcmo^ 
pf .the Public with terpe<^ to tbefe acctifatiofia againft bim*, 

Tbe Wiiur is undpubtcdly a msn of abilities, aild of cKien- 
fytt readiiig ; which l9Uerqu|ilification he feems. 00 lefsdiifw&d 
to difplay throughout, than fufficiently to value bimfelf upon, 
at the dofe of his addrefs. 9^fide our wifii not so «ntoa ioSD 
the perfopality of this dedication, .it is too far extended far -tts 
40 indwdit: stay £itisfa4%>ry view of it, in a ftort emmd 1 we 
^hali tbeteEoro only produce, as a detached ^^cctmen, ivfaat {mI 
f)js on k fubje^ of ^np:al ifDport> the Ubmy of tfe preis : 



t *^ h$'ta Um liberiy of the fKfs, Juoiat; ciUt^it «* the ptlhd^Qiii 

ofaUtlvrciWly poHiical, an4trdigiom rigMftof aa Englifliiaam>".ttt 

wittfb I- readily a^ent ; and he €Q0tttA4f> llMi.*^ ito particakrabofes 

Ofgbvftn-reaibn'surd equity, €o fu'pduce a^ geatfral ibrfcuaiiet ^a-tf 

abttlHk liMB.ufe of iu'' I ihitl iofe Jio time inideibmtiag.^ wbetkor 

{hey 9ilghfrar OBg hi a0C ;^ • p^Aaded am Ifinoereiy, thai, if oim' paeieiit 

maaners hoidt they moft affiimtty *wiU 4 for^ aaa tsnain writer has 

feid vory trniy^ '* .fi«vec 4M ;aa: envenonttd . fturriiiiy,agai«il a? ai^ 

thing facred and civile public and private, rage throughout £be Inng* 

4an vnlh fiich a fuctoat alaid aiAfidled liosnoe*'^: :Etirtake watnihg, 

Wf gp^iQ9oaifyxiiea $ aoddvcaive :QOt yonric^eak' 'When tha pm 

rtdicuks t>pen]y and. barefiK^diy the jaoft re?artd a»Lfiiaibneabl 

do^biaesio/rjeUgion:. wJiea.the.pre6« in |>oiitfcal'aatcer9, aitacki 

, peyfoafl.wiihottt any regard ^.(hing«» dr .p^kifaapsJbaiatnnBaattaoka 

ahto^aiiM^tfa^.r^e ofab|i£ng|»rrons: whaaahRpreft i i ot bal y :Uraa>> 

cofti/'a^anlis the firft char^r 9 ja chiucch and i|a£e, ; but avca^ fiopri*. 

£iCautk«k<peacQ and ^aiec o/.piivate ibeilies' 16 tfaa' fpo»c aad^enaaar 

catom^a^of .aa UkoatiM'^ paUtad-^aad ii^ic oot aotoriotis, that jdl 

<^, ililfair>bMa«'aiui daily^ tir^ona? — then, i.l^^this noble^ laa^ 

fooaUe, tvA manly libeeciB if d^ncratcd 4ao»:ajbafe, anwait-antt- 

|ibk» efDeLlioc^Oiifoaft p: aadj&f ikeatiapABafs, determine at ^ 

^ically, and ]?ohtend aaldodi^r.aa yoa pkafe^wivtli, by aa aaarrcid^ 

4bfei(!0QrQqaencct« flowio^ckmjihesHttiireaadicsailitBtioaofa^sofil 

iboPff'tPrJ la(8« bring abdut'iatsdcitrad^a*: .Thiag&ave;fe^ibnai^ 

ahar <e#rtoa> mti9t tmtr TJiay t^aad picparai ahttwayior, eatrtmcia. 

AMaa^if ci»iX t^iag itw&akrflrdQP ;he o^ alevcry thingp: aadiif akp 

p«0fi4 8iiMr.^/N/Mitf: add: ai^gaf ernable^ i^ is-asiaitaaat, periiat>s aa 

fiecfifiMy, l(Mi%heir?rttlari*ao incaeafa theia Tafidiiat,.aan alsridga 

ahair Uttertjf^ as fbfran hor^ddMeakar toot^t^ir.thefeiaif ta propotw 

uon aa hjafeed frajiihew a^iaipatiaade toboTaianaged. 

* It haa ibtea fajd» that 4/ilhoat k^okam o£ xhaoght x\me can 6^ 

ao fiieh.J^iag.as wifdom^rjior any.fuck thing nM^Satrty withoaa ftmr 

fiom^ff^ipeeoh: and, becaii&tha iatter i» traein a* cpu^ad .£»£% 

and tiadter certain lamitatkuiSyjtha aachadty of JTaoaaa haa been ab* 

£»dlp ^ even Oopidly-abtruded, as)a wacnpitto tako aff ail^aew 

ilraines and alk>«r oadtiyes aa linboanded Hoenley as well ia ^peafe- 

iag A». ia.ih»nhiag» *' :&are.aad. happy ^i^afi* -^^ t^a, when a maa 

0iax tUak whaa he:ivUJ, and fpeak what ha thinks :^ fua^ umf^nm 

/hdicUmj^ mU Jfftiirjt ^um imJit, dt ptm Jkntiar ilnare^Uat r Ra» aad 

liafMpyaiaies iodeed r fim pray, dlearGantfeincn^ what times- ardn 

thmc» orwhp has read of a»y timas» jnrhen jnen were not at liberty 

to /iiMi. aj tifff ivoi^d ^ h, maa auy tbimk At b$ fhafu in the wopft 

piB^k at vineU as in the bett, heaanfe Thoi^ht« ; as ia comraoaiy fas^ 

aa at all tiaies free : but can a man at any time^ fw aader aay^ob' 

vemmeai^'enran the bed, be allowed the ]ih6rtf^f/piaJth^v;iafJm 

#^2M^^:5of conuauaicating hiai&lf up to the itandaad. o^ hiaideaa^ 

May a«ai|r man Ipeak of Tvery mao^ what, for safiaace, the ^plsea 

4of JwaaaayCf os the caprice Qf ioia^inadon, fhad b^pen to iaggefttf 

3My Lford» thalf |^a^leimow as little of TadtaSy at they do of &v 

.'Ciaty, and.what U mil hear. ** U Hfe remains, %s he, f ha^e ra- 

icrvcdk for the employawaa of my old age, the reign of the deified 

J4erva4» i^Hb that of the &np«ror Trajan ; a atork iw>re copiaos> aa 

', wen 



jK . Jii S'Mtt^dii «r» Jttfiki. tf. ihf Piaetls MauHoL 

wdl as more^^ilb : \Mk u die rare fettcity of ihefe tiflM^» * when yoo 
«re at- foil liber^aa'cmeitaiii whtt^fttflimetits you plealis and to 
dechure what fentimeifU you, entertain/' T$ dnlan niok^ /e tuimmt 
yw^nienmin : yet, bnt pf whom, or what ?— not of evefy tnao yon 
jneety nor indeed. of every thing that happens : Tacitofs n«derAood 
iranan afiairs in a diffisrent manner: bat^r-of thole partkdar reignt, 
in opjpofition to ibtne Ibniier tyrannicai'itcagns ; when aen» far mm 
feeakiBg OBt, darft fearcely trult themiems even with their own 
tbonghts. 

. * It is remarkable; that the freeft thbfcert as well as^ the fretft 
Ipeakers hase never allowed fnch a liconre in theory, whatever theoi- 
Mves may have taken in prance. ** Let os feek trath» Yayt Losd 
Botingbroke, bat Ifeek it ^tUmlj as weU as freely .^ Let as not imagine, 
like fome vdio are called Freethinkers^ that t^txy man, who can 
elHsk and jiidge.&r himfelf as he has a right to doi has th^elbrea 
right rfjfmluMgy any more tkui of a£^g, accotding lo tk^fidl/fm" 
^toiotlua thoughts. The freedom belongs to him at a ratioMl crea- 
inie : he lies under reftraint as a member of fodety.-^We may com* 
xnonicate oar thoughts only ib, at it may be done withont ofieoding 
the laws of onr country, ioA difturbing the poblic peace." And if 
^s be true aboot things and opinions, fhall it not be fo a/brthri^ 
when iq^plied to^pevfbna and charaAei:s7 Moil a philoibpher be cir- 
IMBStt^pedl and gnaided, when treating of abftraA prqx)fidons, or diT- 
cuffing fpecaktive points, vidiich not one in ten thouiand kiK>wt any 
thing^of ; while every low, malictoat;:mi|^riiioiplcd wfetoh'IkaU be 
permitted to fcatter firebrands indifcriiuaalely in fodeqPr <Ad i^omit 
out fcartility and aboie^ withoot juiice and without m eift i re f Will 
soy man fty, that tbi bnus tf omrtoumryMrt tut •fimM, and iht 
ftact p/Jocietp Sfita^td^ more in die latter cafe, than in the former I 
— I know it. will be*afked, where will you draw the line of <fiftioc* 
^n f how afcertain the point, where Liberty eods, and Licentiobf- 
nefe begins \ and i ihall in this, as in many other cafes, aUow die 
/extreme difficulty of neducins human afiairs to any degree of ps«ci-* 
fion and exadneft; bot I beueve neverdielels, that, unlefs fonie ex- 
pedient .can be hifupoo to correal the very atrocious abiife of die 
pteCs> thedeftmdlion of its ufe will be found unavoidable* 

* As to any/0rsM^defign againft the liberhr of the prefi, Icas- 
not ^i^Skt myfelf to be at all apprehenfive of'^ it : it is of uMte ofe 
and imj^rtaDCe taa King of Great Britain, than (if peffiUe) to any 
of hit fubjeds ; and this alone fuffices with me to Mfle atid keep 
down every rifing jealonfy. . in absolute defpodc govemaientt, 
where the will of the prince is the law of the country^ wbeee all 
things are adminifiered by force and arms, and where the glory of 
the &»iu/A£nMrf«risthe ible end and obje6t of the monarohy, it 
matters not much foir htm to know, what thecondinon of'kiafub- 
jefo- is, and what tkey lay or think about him : bat in a qoaliied 
and limited mciuuchy, like ours* where the King is no more tluui 
the £rft magiilrate appointed by the people, where he is at boottd to 
obey the laws as the. meaneft of hit fnbje£b, and where- tke well- 
being of thefe fubje^ is the ible end of hit appointments-fare^ to 
fuch a Prince it maftbe of the lail conle^pmace to knowV at miiMttely 
as he can, what it doing in every corn^ of his kingdom ^ wkat the 

fia(o 



• ■ 

pcMttened.tojtfieiriindQftiy} .a^d.wbetWrt'ia Aiorty tb<^ end of his 
nngty gorernmeot |3e in ereiy refpe^ Miiwer^ ? Al) dus, I ia^i 
and fiMrcg>A Kihgof Grea^BriMiirjp^ know ts ^can^ biti— lioi? 

' A KkigplttlmdifitrmiiiMtifAffi^ be^wliat k mllp. kt Urn pry 
ever fo •coteiyioto tlie ]ietds'<iia hearts of thofe about hio^^ will 
•jie? er be able to pterce throngli ;tli0 xaaaifold. dtfeuiev • w^ch coor* 
tien always kn^w how to wrap fifaemfelvet in. <B/ courtiers are not 
Vieant thoie gaudy paioted images, which flatter about a palace* aD4 
are really aotbinff more than^e moving furnitoie of it ;, but.thofe^ 
who are entnklbd mth the great offices^ tp.whoa the adminiftratioa 
cf affiurs-is'COfmnitQed> and wh^, .&r the oioft part, Aan«ge and di- 
fcd the rei»s> of gdvemme&t as ' diey pleaTe* And. us he cannot diil 
c(Mrer« by asy^tiatoral fagncity i»>is|/S^» the latent Jgrinciples of 
thiiga» any mbve than the jed cbi^adcrs of peripns ; io he mud not 
carped to receii«e my eJMual Ip^amtxiotk ftota others. . For, I fup- 
|x^f it wilt bo iKHiidre upon aay. particular couxt* that, now Jiiy or 
ever was, to hfy that there neyer was a Prinee» who was told by 
Aoy of his iervants.all thofe trothfy'.wbich it concerned him to know. 
At leaft this is a propoiition J take to be fo well grounded, that I do 
not think the' &vere plain-dealing of a Clarendon, of the honeft 
bluntoefs of a ^ully, fnfficient to form an exception to it. TheEm- 
|>erorI>i6clefian made the difficulty of reigning well, to confift chiefly 
in the difficulty iof aniving at the real knowledge of liffiiks. '' Four 
nor Ave coiirtiers, fays he, form theikielves into a cabal,- and uoite in 
their councils to deceive theBmp*nnr« ' They (ay,, what will pteafe 
^chdr maAer: who^ bdnig fliat upin his palace, is.a perfeA flrskuger 
«to the real truth 1 and is fonoed to know only, whaf tKey, ar^ pleafed 
aotellhim." 

' Now this great hindrance to good government, as Diocleiiaii 

juftly thought it» isalmoft, if not altogether, removed by the glorious 

privilege of the BritUh Qonftitotion,. of which we are fpeaking, the 

Mhirfj rf the frtfs. By means of dliaf, the loweft ftifcjea may find 

accefs to the dirone ; and» by means of this, the King^has a key, if 

I may fo call it,^to al| manner of intelligence : nor is tbererany thing, 

•^che leaft frnportftnce to government, of which his M^e^ can long 

remain uninformed and ignorant, unlefs he wilfbUy and obflinately 

Ants his eyoft It is .not meant, 'thabibe fliould faddenly adopt as 

xeal truth and matter of faA, evei^ thing which may be read in the 

pobl^ priifts: ai^i^many p^fhap may wnk, that amidft fo much 

jnifreprefentation and error, fo. qiuch partiality and d^lguife. To much 

indifcriminate fcurrility and abufe, he can hardly depend upon any 

thing at all/ or uke any meafurea fmm fuch a chaos of ^truth and 

falfeSood. ^nt of this chaos, were it ten times niore fo, it is indtf* 

-putably certain, that very much dfo and'very many "adVant^es may 

~be made. ' The King' may be dire£ted to^ find things, ikrfaich he would 

-neverhave tbought of looking for : »ok than glmmedugs will ever 

land anon appear, which will <edaWe ,hi9^ to pnih ^if difcoireries far, 

alkd.tt)^ve«)aiiy thipgs to their fopirce, which wo^d otherwife have 

.l^ivhid froni him., {n fl^ort, from thefe public inteUigcncer?, fome 

ilhings Will be hinted, others fpok'en out more fireely, and others pre- 



• 

Yen ted in tfieiriall glait f %xA {hit, ofM ll» wli«i^'«ll^ooiMien»<J( 
inomentt delating; mtherta pet^iw bir diiDgl, will be jftifflcieBtlj tti»> 
ftHed, antl fetil dpea belbre hitt- . 

"" « ITC^kea^kml^liA mimfters'lcMMU^a^^ tfafofcrifraflU'tlutwe Ha»t 
often beard of great management, in corrupt courts, tcHtop op tvA 
)JianneH of imcfligence to tW fybToe.' Tlief fcmMr^ tbat^ tbelb a 
conilant tpmmerce, eorrefpendeAcev aad iinio« las ie Wfre^ ate imibi» 
tained between ^te pyinee and Itiv IVey l e . TlM9c:k»o#v tta «rklk 
thefe are fo maietainedv they raital)^ attempt t» cabals aod to in^oik 
ttpoo their mailer ; and, if notwitkrftandin^ chef will sortell bisa all 
the trath they ftibiiH, ye^ they da>e not abufe htin pfrofsty with mK- 
reprefentation afid fics. Why ? beea^ft difcovery^t niftamly at haa^ 
tnd becaefs dffgrate and rntn w^l ttead npon dieiieelB of it. Se 
that, all thingsiait) together, the adfarilage to thf Soeettiffl A«m 
die liberty ctf the pref^ is my grea«ie^<fiity Ibr the wvtatax^m^txA 
preiervatiop elf ierand, ^ ye^r Lordlhlp htfi aiiy»4eiigiii agassiH k^ 
which \ am faffh^m affirming, y*a can never futoeei, vAsiAt. the Kittg 
fa)0W3 his tnteisterefta ^nd-p^ffdeii'the «^li-beiiig^an4 hafi^aeft cf 
the p^le, i^ thfc fbie edd aridi6bje^of hte^rdit^ 
; There is great good Icnfe In theft remarks. It drfir fe«iti» 
to be kno:wn vyhether a pritice is of fo inquiditg a d^pofition 
as to reap, thp benefit that reading mi^ht afford biprr; for ac* 
^cording to t}u;s reprefentation^ the freedom ot the prefs bas np 
AroDger {%^^f^ than n^e c^ntinffeoce of tbei jeigniag prince 
being fond of jfodingc fiu$.fi(ifi ityjip pMiter^ure, in ge^eraC 
is foio^pofite ao that of ii courts tlst it akffy J^pj^^^^bis ^lU'^urf): 
at f^amtnifh mayiecoii4 tke wjiliea of htdtajotters-.tli AtpiMwIa 
ft. As to th« itbufe of the- {Kefe^ this evil is <:hie^ ovioig 10 
a few obfcure, ignorant, ^ defperate fcribblers, who h^ur, in 
party times, to write themfdvcA into confeqiiehc^ by daring in- 
folence \ and who having neither propetty, cbara£ter, nor con«> 
fcienjce toluz^d, iludy only tb expo/e tbemfelvjcs to the fii^ourgj^ 
of law, that they may claim the Qierit of fu^rin^ m the caulo 
of liberty, AOd rife by the compaffion of thedelu^d multituc}^ 
it never proceeds from genU^^A whp w^it$ .to. communicate 
knowledge, or from reputable bookfeUets. 

The fields of literature might, bowevor, in a gK«t meafuix^ 
be cleared of fuch noxious weeds, if none but regular ftm^ 
tioners, who have (erved an apprenticefliip,'i^re itflowed to 
print, or to publiih printed works ; and if the number of fucb 
apprentice? were under fomfs prudent rcftri£lion. The printing 
and bookfelling profeflions are evidently overfiocked jn numbers j 
and as all ase toilrive to.livje, want of trade produces want of 
principle^ Henoe literatufe is diij^aced : w^epeas, if the tra* 
ders in tUa fpecies of cMnoiodity were fewer id number* a feoQ^ 
cf dignity and reputation would operate ; becaufr the trade 
being better, tbe temptations of unworthy gain woiuld be 
Vi^pak^r*. Nor canf the objeSioii Qf erediog* ^ monopoly be 



fa&lv ihRfkti dn. It is a^prfchfertdcd, ff the eompAtiftAi fcay 'bfj 
I^ardoned, thafc fiibes are 219 muqh a HeCeffiti^y of jific ^s Boofesi 
imd^ a^9(E^ ^t* (pcm clear wii.y,re}{ridtions may not be iaiporea 
9n the febr^otpfg. of the one, at well as of the jotbet*/ tp g^ar4 
agaieft evU pra^tieaito ICfbe l«0nikMi iheemaJMit indine tjo be 
cmrbicmi^tkey are checked by Ybrkfiiirei nantifiiAorersi aii4 
. Mr mdit MfTha-it neightoors are fofficientiy raadf fo preiVM 
ittw cdftfo^s- tf old books ft6m becomk^g tod (i^i»^. 

Thar the true intercfts of literature wouW hB^hi no injury 
bV fucfa^a m^^fui'e, Js dVMent, bfecaufc how6Vet tturtierous ^uU-j 
limers m^y at this time be^ good writers alwayi apply to fuit- 
able b6oI|rel^r8«; and regulable bookrellers to fuitaUe writers ; 
iq &c^ t^ Um jproje^ pf tj^e reft, woujci 'ooly pcere^ve lit«« 
rature from profiitution, without that hxd necefity predided 
by our Author, of kymgthrfeaiid df power oaUHt fMliadkini 
OTleanliiigimllt6ei<€y, tkepreft^ 

Fr^tn <j0r»in fiftitlkuderwt bre ftfonglf iifcHiied to dOubtih<$ 

^edaratibn in the title-page of this paAiphlef, that the Ircnarch,^ 

Jhi thd dedication to it, ai-b the Works of different hands; but 

this is a circiimftahce hot ttaterf^ to th< f-feadef . Th€ nature 

of the office, tjie duty, and the necelTafy qualifications of a juf- 

fice of tke peace* are ^eprefented in a manner that does credit 

fo the Author, who offinns faimfelf to be in the commiiBon^ 

which his. thorough knowledge of the duly 6f it rendiirs proba-t 

Mc« The appointment of j^ices^ which was Rttt i^ffmned 1>y 

fhe crown o«r the viohmt depofitlon b(>£ii4rard 11. gave the* 

King, as the Author remarks, g^at ittflueiicfc dvtr the people ; 

the cdnimiffibn being changeable at plcafare* ^tht power is 

vtrj cxtenfive, ind not taffly defined, fincfe befiJe the origihai; 

commifiion, it has been greatly enlarj^ed by numerous Hatutes : 

a circumftanco that renders the <;^i£cations for the office, and 

the extfrcife of this power, of great confequence to the quiet and 

haimony of all neighbourhoods ; where a variety of petty liti« 

gtous applications are continually made to this conferVator of 

tite public peace. 

' In (jpCaking of the legal quaVificatidns for tfie office of a juf* 
fice of peace, the Atithbr makes fonie very fevere remsirks on 
the. d^ara^ec of a vplgar country 'fquire, ^bich w^ do not pro* 
cttice $1$ an account of a non-defcript ammal, for there are few, 
villages where the inhabitants , cannot more or Ie{s a'l^iply li^^ 
but in the precarious hope thai perchance here and. there fo*d)C 
ode may have natural fehfe etioiigh to think it worth his troub^^ 
to prevent fucb iaippUcatioh. * ..-....,' 

3^ — m" ■■ ' ' - ^" ' ^ V - — ' : "'• " ■ \ — 7^= — ^• 

■* Thofc, however, who liayc 'difcovered the ^rfl/7 mutiladofts'ili] 

ib)lli^ Scotch Editions of Eugliih books (riierely to faVe paper ind* 

ptftoting) Will not think litetafrure fatoured'by the fro^iono fuUhlf 

xedocers of its prief^ . . ^ .. . j 

. . « Bur, 



19^ thi ImOtch t 9r^ Juflia tfthi PiOCiU Mtmuat. 

„* Baty Genlleffien* a mfn may pefieAii^* loofer amnmt and yH 
he a weak^ infigniiicantt and woithlefs ftllow. He may be perfedlf 
^literate, and m a high degree ignorant : and he maj always rtmab 
fo, if he happen to l^ one of tnofey Whofe life is ^>ent in tow md 
frivolous asnufements ; who is, for inftaiice, continually occnpied in 
poachihe fbr hafes, in dragging for fith, in driring partridges, ia 
jHping TOT quitiist and fndilike pnrfmtsw This d cm r i p tion , Sirtf 
W^ not be ctken, for indeed it is not nteant» as a cenftre levelled 
at r/«/ gentlem^ forfports, whiehy wl^n eojpyed with jnpderatioo« 
are not only nfefni, but even laudable ; bot at thole, everlaiBng de- 
ftroyers of tbeGami^whOf though denomiMted Gentlemen by the com- 
tefy of England, are yet juftly to hi ranked amongft the lowed and 
meaneft of the people. Th^fe, far from pofTeffing die leaft ^portion 
of that open, liberal manly fpirit, ' which belongs to' true f^rtfmen, 
are only feen lurchiifig and fknlkib^aboiit forfrty i that isy tojk^ 
Jo mmeb hac$m in tbi' ktitbin^ 
I To this pafige we find the following note i 

* Thon||h the Author has been fevere n^n theie rural gentry* and 
it may be jnftly ; yet» tcf do all right to their merits i^ imift , be ac- 
knowledged, that they are for the mo(l part per^ns ,qf a^^xvi^ and 
fpirits^ and therefore ought in reafon to be provided with an oDJed* 
If they cannot be placed nigh in the fcale of Ihtellefhial Bein^, as 
moH certainly they cannot, they have hpwever their pldce ; i^iathere 
are, doubtleis, fituations accommodated to their talents. Thus, 
though they may not be fit to determine upon matters of Ia:w anl 
equity, yet they may do good fervice in the lower -departmenu of 
iocieqr. We it>x^ird, it is well known^ the killen of molea^ the 
de(bt>yer8 of fiilmonts, the catchers of rats, &c. and we oon£bder them 
as members of fociety, really ufefol in aparilht for. their g^ap care 
and fkill in deftroyiog the vermin thereof. Even hares, I am per* 
fuaded, misht be ranked among vermin, and i^ighly noxious vermin 
too, were they to be preferved as religiouily, as lome over-ri^id gen- 
tlemen affeA to preferve them ; and it is owing to the afbve per- 
fonages defcribed above, that tKey catinot be fo preferved. So hr 
then thefe perfonages are at leaft tn fome nfe to a neighbonrhoody and 
fo ^ we admit them as men of a certain portion of merit ; biac; as 
juftices of the peace, as magiflrates who Ire to prefide in coarta,. aad 
to adjttft and fettle the affairs of ment we can by no means Mleiit 
them* An nrion of charaders fo very diflimilar would be quite un- 
natural ; it wohld be repugnant to all congruity and fitnefs : it woald 
he joinine things together, which nature and common fenfe always 
meant to seep arunder.' 

Here however the Author has treated the Iqurres rather too 
tenderly, in allowing the merit of vermin-killen. The far- 
mer indeed pays due refped to the folemn owlj be allows 
her accefs to his barns and ricks, and gives no diihirbance 
Co her family, becaufe they t:ateb his mice i but the ovfl is in- 
jured in comparifon with thofe Tquiresr^ho import ybutag fbx^ 
anJTodge them on their eibites ui ol3 Holes, to breed ; who feed 
them duly for months, until they learn the way to the neigh- 
liiouring poultry yards, and all this for the fake of fcouriog the 
country to catch tbem afterward. There caMot.furely be a 

^rcztcf 



Thi Jrmnrch ; 0r, Jt^ rf thg Pio^^s MmMiL t^f 

|ictUer burlefijue upon juftice, than to Cee Tuch a pernidtous 
common ravager giving ftern judgment upon a poor fellow for 
fliooting a hare or a partridge ! 

The Writer comprises the neceflary qualifications for a juflice 
of the peacCf in the following (hort fummary : . . 

* Thefe., Gentlemeo, are what I would call the /rnM!f7 qualities* 
neceflary to make a tvr/e and a ^im/ mstgiftratf.:* namely > aquickr 
cl^y and found underftanding ; a perfed knowledge of the world $ 
a competent acquaintance' with the laws and conjlitut^pn of his conn* 
try; a love of jnftice; and a fpirit of moderatipQ* But, Gentle- 
m^n, there are ftill a kind ot/eeomfaiy or inferior qualities, without 
the cnlcivation of which he will be far ' froxn Wing fo perfeft, at 
I at prefent mean to reprefent him. — To dtcidt according to r^^ 
twitb frecifiofi and accuracy ^ h the grand pointf to whieh all hit en"" 
-dowmentsy natural aqd acquired, maft be diitded; and ke, who 
liai attained this, may truly be faid to have attained t^Mtry point : 
mmtt tuUt funSum. But in order to decide with frecijsott and accuragf^ 
a man mnft hear *with affabiliij^ as well aa^ exoMtine with deliberatian.*. 
All thefe points are enlarged upon and treated in fo fenfiblc 
a manner, that this manual may be reconunended to magiftcates 
as equally profitable to confult for the, general outlines of their 
duty, with Dr, Burn's legal inftru£tions for the refpedlve 
particulars* 

Moderation in the exercife of magifterial authority is inforced 
^th great judgment and humanity throughout ; but a poftfcrtpt 
is added, in which this point is purfued, we think, to a cen« 
furable degree, with mifapplied ingenuity. On the principle 
that laws ^re unable to controul and govern manners, but 
that manners will always controul and govern laws, the Author 
argues too ftrongly for temporifing, and accommodating the 
execution of laws to thc.prefenthias of manners^ The ftate of 
znatiners is beft learned, from the laws they produce, and in 
viftiicjh they are recorded i h^t though the progreiEve alteration 
of cuftomsand modes of sAing, may leave fome laws without ob- 
j^As, or pervert the efFed of others from the x>riginal intention^ 
AXid therefore render them juftly obfolete; yet there ^re perma- 
nent rules of right and wrong thatj^ever vary, though manners 
ns^y* Manners in general are not to be eftimated by the'ten^* 
posary prevalence of ibme particular vices ; nor are laws to be 
fkMfjP^tii^ to humour the tafte of the times, but rather applied 
xo check ioiproprieties.as much as poffihle* For this end alone 
^h^jr were calculated \ and however manners may di<^te an al« 
^^^f^jitioa in law^y h^ muft be. unfit for a magiltrate who pays 
mc^re regacd lo the licentious' multitude than to the colle&ed 
2j3<i declaced voice of the nation. That wealth produces a de« 
^^0cracy from virtuous manners is too well known ; but the 
i^|ei0jration deals upon us in new inftances not guarded againft: 
W^ jptpvide n^tyjawi to fuit tb^ circumftancea; and has not 
^ ^ this 



rg* 'Wntyht^hrfsfGrMaSrkmm.: Vol.IL : 

this been tbt anUbrm pnifiice ev^r fince Jaws wei-e knovnrf 
Have ii6t oui ipaniiers io>prove4 tinder this courfe ? J/tbey ik« 
cUne by the corruption of our legiflatorti oiagiitrsfel ar« not to 
a>»operatc with this corruptioa upon principle, howvv^ they 
may be led to it: by contagiom . Qiir Author produces four ifl« 
flsnces of tiws which hb thinks ineffe<3ual9 and w&tcK cbe 
magiArite caitMt ^eiend to carry into ftrid execution ; thofe 
agarnft comfHon fweafin^, drUnkeilff&rs^ dueling, ftdd die%ri« 
bery of ele^ors : but wfll bis reafoning on tbclc tnftances, be 
admitted to extend to all 6ther laws in general ? Or will he 
argue that becaafe thefe laws, are no^» perhaps cannot, \>t H- 
grdly executed in all inftances^ that they have therefore n$ in- 
luenct ? He is too clear-fightcd not to conceive how the tiking 
tfaw infuiBace away-by a repeal wtiukl operate* How much 
truth foever may be contained in the reprefentations in tUs poft** 
fcripr, no gooa end can be aniweped by this apology for the 
/uppofed ncgligencfe 6f juttices of the peace. Things tnt^t as 
well have been left to Aeir natural coutTe is to furntffii ihddknt 
or corrupt juftices with arguments to palliate negligence of 
connivance ; arguments they could not reach themfclires, tfioagb 
they nwy roufe thtrti to ward off the chai« of AiiA^haviom' : 
they being more likely to aid the pervcrfion, than tor corre ft 
the adminiftration, of juflice. To much better purpofeare his 
remarks en the influence of the manners of the great ; as * the 
example of fhofe who (bould execute Ikws, or fee theM etecoted, 
is ftronger than the authority of thofc who make dttm :* -airf 
* nb law will^ or ever can, be execnted by inferior mtgiftratts, 
tl^hile the breath df it is openly encouraged by the examples (rf 
iuperior.* 



**M*J*a^Ai^[4** 



Art. Virt. The HiJIory tfthtat Srituht, fhim the firft TiHtud^hm rf a 
by theRomam, mndtr JnUns Cafitr. Written on a liWr nm». B* 

' Robert Heary, D. D. one bf the Minifters of Ediiibovgli. Vblaint 
the Second. 4to. 1 1. is. Frinttd oEt Kdiftteegk, aad foM bf 
Cadell, L(hk1oii. 1774. . - * 

rf determinihg concerning the merit of dtijr Utfci*iry iF^ork, fe 
IS neceflary to confider th^ particular purpofe of eli^ AuCberv 
and the general propriety and ufefiilnefs of hi^ defigtY. XJwlVA 
we attend to thefe circumftancts. We rtay form a ftirtvaJ ^ 
^noneous judgment, and be induced tiO condi^ti ipMiac i^ <l 
the whole, entitled to Odr ap|>rotaT}oh. 
• Perhaps there is no part of learning' in wlftch w^mm^m 
likely to be led aftray, than in th« fentiments ^e eii Hftftai ii ^ 
hiftorical -writings. Our WmiratiOft Of -one oir two fm^ensr^ 
Authors, whofe excellence. In point of g^iitos, {libnetratso^ 
and compofition, is peculiarly grefit, nray ib ftr fedticie XMM 
make us diflike whatever doe» not com« «p to tbefar ikmoA^ 



ftcnry'i ^Jloij of iSnai Britain. Vol. If* M 

Bi«^ to condemn a work becaufe it hafh ttot attained to a cer-» 
taiii prtch'orperfefHoh, of Whfch'We^have foruted in'idta,* is 
iiot aUo|ethti''toMift^nt-witK tfrii^dtiftatcs of candour, o^ irkH 
. thcdedfons o^ trif^ JQdgih^t/ It is not every kMie who catl 
rift, tb the in^iHif^ the dignity, andUc clegahcc^of ' a^Nume 
ehd a RoberffoA-; Mdl yet ah hiftory in«tr be extMilely Valuable 
ftltbou^h ^he Writer ^^idd^fsl) (faort oF tfaefe jtiftly cetebraiied 
authors, in the'ref^aflhi^ b|ive rrtidhtioiibdr Tb^ gr^t^b)^ tf 
Kiftor^ 18 Trut^^ aftd iih prtlhcipal end IksTHuCTibM, ifid botti 
majf fomctimes 1>e Vcfy eIFe£tUaIly promoted by k plain ^ |^r(]^- 
c^pus,' and faithful narration of fadfs, uhembarrafibd by filbtile 
corijeAures and j)i<bround reflexions. It is not impbffible iot 
fuperior geniures, by their love of novelty, and tbeiir fondneft 
for refined (pecd^ions, to give futh^ a* colouring to ci(cuni« 
fiances and Events, a^^ while it li "highly captivating to th6> 
iniagtnation» may tend to dazzle and iniflead the untkrftandingi 

But granting, zs it flight to be granted, that there is a cei^ 
taiii -fpecies of 'hifH>ricaI compofition which defervedly claims 
the higheft rank, and is juftljf entitled to diftingui(bed applatife, 
it muft^ at the Ikme time, be 'fllbwed, that there are fiibordi- 
liate Icinds of it;'which have th^ir r^fpcliKive u^s and valu^^ aiid 
cfur Judgment of their merif ftioulfl' bfe "regulated by a doc con- 
*ft<|trktion of their proper nature,^ teAd^cy, and effeS. There 
are petTons wlio may not be ambitious of (emulating the fam<^ 
of aThuanos, a Voltaire, a Hiime, <if a &obertfon. Therd 
are-writers Who may be contended With (hinin| ift an hurtibler 
fohcre. They may choofe to give ortly a clear atid plain repre- 
'TO^Jation ofhiftorical ttuth j leaving it to their readers" to com- 
t)W ^ings together, and to draw their own conclufions* Th^ 
binoriaiis, who aim at no mor^ than ihis^ may be very fervice* 
aUe to manjkind ; and they fhoUld i^eeive their due praife^ 
Vithout beitig invidioufly brought to a ftandard which they did 
Hot propofe to reach, and by which, therefore, they ought not 
t0 b6 tried. ' : * - 

It is not fokly, or even peculiarly,* wkh a reference to thd 
Author before us, that We hav^ msifltfthefe dbfcrvatioris. We 
have embraced ' the pref<^t opportunity of inferting them^ be- 

• caaft we have had oecafion to remark, in the oourffe of our coxi- 
y^ifation with perfohs of tafte and learning, that a certain faf** 

* tidioufnefs of ciritibi(hi is fometlities Mdulged, Which may ie 
htir](fd to the caufe of literature, and Aiay difcoufage the ptib* 
lita^ion bf works that, ih their refpedfve views, ar^ calcufattd 

' to1)e eminently ufeful. This fafffdioufacfs H the rather tO'bt 
^uardjtd'agaiijff, as it Is too ofteh folihd in thtf moft ihgehibha. 
' tnen, who, from ^ cohfcioufnefs of their fuperior talent and 
. t)k4etration, arc ready to dirpafsge what may hot Entirely cotna 
•/ii|i feo thisir iow^ compm^nttv^ ai>d philpfophi^al i4tu^ 
^ ^Riv. Mar. i7*74* *0 . Qia 



t94 Htnfj^sJ^ofytfGrMSriiatH. Vol. It 

Oyr Readers alre^y know * tlitt the plai^ formed by pt« 
Htwj is tofeparate the difierent partt of hiftory Crom e^b •thef| 
and to treat, jIn ^i&iu£t c|iaplers,on the civil anc| iniHtsuy tranf- 
lM&iQQ8.0f.Oreat.Britaint ^s leliRionV cbnftitution, learnings 
$xtB% coiwierc^i and calipers. . In confequence of tbci phn, 
the 4f tail cf f^ is jeiidered fomewbi^ dry and ^neiite^tainuigy 
fm^: that qoone^iii «ombiiii|tt09» ^nd varie^.of events aie 
m^attd% from which hiftbrical compofitim derives its life, fpit 
xit| and dignity. But, at the fame timty tikh method is ad^ 
inirably adapted to the purpofes of fpeciftc information and inr 
(truQion. It attraAs, likewife, the Reader's peculiar attention 
t# certain articlei, the k^wledge of wbich is highly ufeful^ 
and yet , they are too nyuch overlooked in geriera) hiftories. 
. Shtit articles coaftitute the chief and q[io(t valuable parts of 
.the work before us ; and it muft often be found a fingular ad«« 
vantage to be able to have recourfe, at once» to whi^tevcr con« 
icems any particular fubjed^ with, which we may want (a be 
acquainted. 

The period included in the prefent volume contains the hi£- 

tory of Great Britain, from, the arrival of the Saxons, A, D. 

449, to the lan^jne of William D^ke of Normamdy, an 

1066. .We fliall pa&overDn Henry's account of the civil and 

military trap(a/Sioi|8 of this period, as exhibiting nothing which 

j>eculiarly deounds our notice ^ and with- x^zxd to the. ch|pter 

upon religion, we (hall only mention one oi-t^o circumilanccs. 

.The tithes of the clergy of England hid their origin .in the 

ninth century, Etbelwoif, fucceflbr of Egbert, called an a£- 

;.iembly of all the great men of his hereditary kingdom of WeC* 

lex, atWinchefter, in November A. D. $44. S and, with their 

^confent, mad<; a folemn grant to the church, of the tenth part 

of all the lands belonging to the crown, free from all taxes 

;and impofitions of every :kind, even from the three obIigations9 

. of building bridges, — fortifying and defending caflle6>^— and 

•4mrching out op military expeditions. This royal grant was 

• probably imitated by the nobility ( and if it did not origtnaUy 

'mean the tenth of the produce of the lands, it appears, froos. 

fubfequent events, that it foon came to be tinderftood in that 

.fenfe. — In the b^inning of the eleventh century, ^ fermon of 

;Bi{hop i£ifric's, from which Dr. Heni7 hath given an extim, 

(hews very plainly that the church of England had not jet ena* 

^br^iced the doctrine of tranfubdantiation. The fermon is (b dc- 

»i(ifive in (his refped, that i^ has been often printed, and hadi 

jr/requently been urged agajnS the advocates for iPopery. 

*... In the chapter jwhich contains th. hiilory of the conftitution, 

aCQYC(tune{|t, and laws of Great Britain, duri ng the Saxog pc* 

,* OiH^accottnt of.Dr* Henry's firft volume may be ftnnd m Rer. 
^^ftt.xlv, pt 30, ^ . , 

xUdf 



Henry ^jr Hift^j e/Grw BrMln.' Vol. 11. 195 

y\o^ we meet With the followiog account of the low ftate of 
|>opulation : < 

* Bnt^n was far from being popoloiM in the period we are now 
confidering. Of this the moft ampte evidence^ as well as the mod 
iatisfaftory reafons, may be given. The Scots and Pi As had almoft 
quite depopulated a great part of provincial Britain before the arri* 
val of the Saxons. Thofe dangerous auxiliaries beconoing enemies, 
extirpated, enflaved, or expelled, all the ancient inhabitants of the^ 
!beft part of Britain, in erring t^eir feven kingdoms. After the(e 
kingdoms were ereded, their croel and incelTant wars againft each 
owt prevented ibeir becoming popalous. When thofe feven king, 
jdoms were united into one monarchy, new enemies appeared, no 
^efs deilru^ve to Dopnlation than any of the former, and prevented 
the happy eflfedls of that union. The fatal rage of building mona0e^ 
ries, and crouding them with ufelefs monks and nuns ; this rage, I 
fay, which feized the kings and nobility of England, after the efta- 
blilhlnent of the £ngli(h monarchy, contributed not a little to im- 
pede the ihcreafe of people in that period. The very imperfefl ftate 
of commerce, manufa^ores, and agriculture, which occafioned fre- 
quent and dellru^live famines, is ac once an evidence and a caufe of 
a fcanty population in thofe times. Asa fiarther evidence of this, it 
may be observed, that there were very few cities or towns in Britain 
in this period, and thefe few were fmall and thinly peopled. In 
Scotland, there was not perhaps (b much as one place thai merited 
the name of a city r ana«in South Britain, where the Romans had 
built fo great a number of towns, we are told by Nennins, there 
were only twenty-eight remaining m the feventh century. There is 
the cleared evidence from Doomiday-book, chat not one of thefe ci- 
ties, even at the end of this period (London and Winchefter perhaps 
'excepted) contained ten thoufand inhabitants, and. the greateft part 
of them contained only a few hundreds. York, which is the 
greateilcity mentioned in that famous record, contained only 14 18 
Souies, of which tliere were 540 uninhabited; In Exeter there were 
only 3K honfes, and in Warwick 2^1. Upon the whole, it feems 
very probable, that Britain was not much more populous in the times 
of the heptarchy, than it had been in the ancient Britifh times be- 
fore the lirft Romaii invafitm ; not half fo populous as in the Hourifli- 
Sn^ times of the Roman government; and that from the.eftablilh- 
ment of the English monarchy to the conquefl, it did not ac any time 
contain above one million and a half of people. So fatal was the 
fall of the Roman empire to the populoufnefs of its provinces, and 
fa flowly was that lofs repaired !' 

^ In defcribing tht Rek^horan and Lohmen^ i.e. Lawmen^ who 
> were afleflbrs to the ordinary Judges, Dr. Henry endeavours to 
fliew that they were not the fame with Jurors. 

' Sonae leaitied men, fays he, have been of opinion, that the red- 
boran and lahmen of the Anglo-Saxons, were the fame with the ju- 
irort or. jurymen of more mc^em time;, who have a^cd a very im- 
portant part in the adminiftration of jo (lice in England for feveral 
Mes paft. But this opinion is evidently liable to very flrong objec- 
tions* It it founded on one law of King Alfred's, and two of King 
£thelred'a, which merit a moment's confideratlon. King Alfied'% 
Jaw may be thds tranilaied : '* If a krag*s thane is acculcd of mur« 

O 2 ' der. 



X^e Htnrfs Hj/fory tf Greet Britain, Vol* It 

dcr, let him purge himfclf by twdvfc king*8 tK^n^i. If an ioferior 
thane is accufed, lc( him purge himfelf by eleven of his ^quals^ in4 
one kihg's thane/' This hlwfeems father to rdatc to comporg^ton, 
which will be hereafter deftrjbed, than to jurors. The fLik law of 
Ethelred is to this purpofe, <* — That there may be a court held itt 
every wapontacit. Jet twelve of the moft venerable thanes, with thfe 
gerieve> itand forth and fwear on the holy things put into their hands, 
that they will not condemn any innocent, rior acquit any guilty, 
perfonr*' This law dire^ls the manner Of conftituting the judges in 
the hundred courts, which were the prefident and his twelve aifef^ 
fors, forming a permanent body. The ibcond lawof Eihdred is tHist 
** Twelve law-nfen fliall adminiller jnffice between the Wietfh and 
£ngH(h, iix £ngli(hmen and fix Wd(hmen.*' This was rather an 
article of a treaty than a law, and conftituted a coort to deterndtie 
controverfies between the fubje^s Of different (bites, fh the next 
volume, we (halt have an opportunity of invefUgating . the origin of 
jiiries.' 

The hint which our Author here gives, of his opinion con- 
. cerning the origin of juries, by no means agrees with our fen* 
timcnts on that fubje£l« We think that the very pafiages he 
h^s produced are much againft him, and that his attempts to 
explain them away are feeble and ineffe£tual« As he intends 
hereafter to inveftigate the rife of juries^ we ihall not enlarg;e 
upon the. qucftion at prefent ; but ihall content oorfelves with 
obferving, that the ableft of our antiquaries have afleried the 
exiftence of this excellent mode of trial afAong our SaxOn an- 
ceftors. Were we to be determined by bare authorities, we 
Ihould certainly prefer the judgment of thofe who have fpentf 
perhaps, the befLpart of their lives in the fludy of £ngli(h an- 
tiquities, to that of a gentleman whofe knowledge is oocafion- 
ally and, it may be, haftily acquired, to anfwer a particular pur- 
pofe. This lad circumfiance qaufi neceflaiily ^ fometiraea the 
cafe With Dr, Henry, confidering the great rariety and extent 
of his undertaking. « 

Our Author labours to (hew that the crown was hereditary 
in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. He acknowledges, howevOTy 
that it was not ftridily hereditary; and, indeed, he pofnts out 
fo many deviatiohs from the rule of fucceflion, that they almcft 
i'erve to deHroy his general principle. The truth of the matttr 
feems to have been, that Kiqgs were ufually cboff;ii out of the 
reigning family, and that tbedired heir fucceeded to the throne, 
if he was grown up to years of maturity, and was a "^laa ^ 
abilities and valour. Minors, notwithftandU^ dieir right of 
birth, were generally excluded. Dr. Henry obfefves, that the 
hereditary rule of fucceffion is the moil natural and obvioua 
on«. But the idea of a ftrifi hereditary fucceffion is hr fWkk 
being natural and obvious. It.ts too refined arid inet^phtfi^l 
to take place in the early periods of fociety. Accordingly ^e 
know, from all the billory of Eorope, that it was a long tiMe 

before 



before the rules of reDrefentation which now prevail came to ,bc 
^nnly e(tabi^{hed. Our A'lxfho/ tatcfes care to inform us, that 
• our prefent^tDoft gracious foyercigp George tfef TH^Jrd, is de- 
fcended, (rppti.Cerdic, the JEpuf^cr of the Weft'$axon kingdom/ 
Does the kv^d DoAqt intend to intiipate* thv this remark^ 
that his M$^y.h the .pupper ^prefeotatiVe aiMl»hetr of Cerdic.f 
if AOt, the-oUorvation .is odflilig aad adulatorf. George the 
Third has a far nobler tide 4^ the crown tha^ any claim de- 
rived from defccnt ; a title ifounded on the parliamentary de- 
termination of a great and free people. This, we doubf qot. 
Dr. Henry will be as ready to acknowledge as purfelves. 

It will be i^greeable to the liberal part of our JUaders to pe« 
tuft the fubfequent account ofithe limiutions tp which our an** 
cV^nt Prioces were, fubje^ : 

* Nothing can be mptc ei^dent than' this importtmt truth, — 
'' That our Anglo-Saxon Kin|s were not abfolate nionaRchs ; bu|t 
that their ^>wef9 a^d prcrogauves were limited bv.the laws and cuf- 
aotPS.of tJKJT'CO^otry." Our SoxOn anoedori had been governed by 
liflliced monarchs in their nati^e^feats on the continent ; and there is 
not.thelettftappearaoeeor prohabiUtyy that they relinquiihed their 
libertiesy aDdinbimtted to abtplate government in their new fettle* 
-meats in nhis iiland. , It is not to be imi^ed, that men whole 
•feigain|r,pafigD ^^as the kve of liberty, would willingly reiign it ; 
and their new fovereigns, who had been their fellow4fokliers, had 
certainly no j^wer.tacoa^pel them £0 Aich arefignation. The. power 
fpf a4n^niftctn^ j^iMoe t(0 their ful^dU, and of ^pmmanding the ar* 
tnies .of the. iUte, which hav^ j^en xeprc^iiented above as th^ lood im- 
pprtant duties of our i^ngjlp-Saxon.KingS9 may be alfo coniidcred as 

^their chief prerogatives, Thofe princes whd performed thefe two 
offices in tbeir own perfons, ^th great abilities and fuccefs, had the 
greateft infltrence and authority; while thofe who' wanted either ca- 
jpacity or induftry for the execution of thefe office^> were much de- 
cked and dlfreg^ed. 

* None of our Saxon Kings ever Hx much as pretended to the power 
of Qiaking laws, or im|)ofiag taxes» ^without the adyi^e. aftd coftfenrt 
of^heju' wittemtgemots, or aflenpJ^Ues of the great ^nd wife men of 
aihuf refoei^ve kingdoms. ThUi is ^vjdent from the preambles to the 
ievei^ iyftems of Saxon laws v^hich are ftili extant. 

'It feems tohave been the prerogative of our Saxpn Kings to (iail 
t^e witcenagemots, or great councils, — to appoint the times and 
places of iheir meeting, — to preiide in them in perfpn, — to propofe 
the fubjeAs of their deliberations,-* and to execate their decrees. 

' ^When the kingdom was foddenly invaded by a foreign enemy, 
jorits internal peace ^ifturbed by an infurreftion, the King might, by 
8its own andiority, pot himfelf at the. head of his tjroops, to repel the 
4](kVidflS8, T or Aippreis jChe iafurgents : but when a> formal war MgainU 
A iieighboujriii^ ftate was i^tCia^i^d, , mqre deliberaf ipn was req uired ; 

Stdit^<^ttld,not be Undertaken without the advice, and confent of 
e,vriitenagemot. The ^A^lp-^axqn Kings had copfiderable in- 
^Sfoettce in cuipdftng.of the conquered (ands^ ana dividing the fpoijs 
*'* '^ * ' ' ' ^0 ^ ' taken 



IfB tienry^iJUJlajs/GrfatBritaitt. Vol. !!• 

taken from the. ene)ny.; l^utth^y were obliged to ufe this infiaence 
with jaftice and moderatiod. and could not keep above a ihud paii 
cf thefe lands and fpoils totn^mlelves, wickoiit incurring the Indi^* 
nation of their troops. King Harold, by retarning a greater propor* 
tion than this of 4he Dankh and Norwegian fp^U^ occasioned (e 
great a difguih-iittd deiimion in his amy, that it, proved the chief 
cauie of luft mis. The coofent of the wittcnageniot was commonly 
obtained u^ cbO:cpi|cbifioo of peacet as well as tp the ^eclaratbn (rf" 
war ; becaufe the proipcrity and ha^pinefs of the whole l^ngdoif 
was as much concerned in the one as m the other. 

* Ampng tBe ancient Germans, the King had no power to inflift 
any paniihment upon his foldiers for defertion, or other ofiences^ 
this being the province of their pricfts, who adled by the authoriqr of 
the god of war, who was fii):>poled to he prefen: in their armies. Bi& 
after the introdadion of Chriflianity, the eaercife of raifitary diio> 
pline becamo one- of the royal prerogatives, as it was never claimed 
iy the ChriiUan ckrgy. 

* The Anglo-Saxon Kings had no power of remitting ^y molft 
or fine impoled upon any criminal by a court of juftice, becaufe thait 
^yould have been depriving another petibn of his right; but dl^ 
had a power of changing a capital into a pecuniary punfiKna^iit. 

* The Ktngs of England, in the periodwe zre now eonfidmsg* 
were only ufufrudnanet of the crown-lands, and could not aliosmtc 
any of theie lands, even to the church, without the co^Tc^ of the 
wittenagemot.* 

Dr. Henry, after haviog defcribed the wittenagemoty takes 
Dotice, tlut ^ though great efforts have been made to pro^t 
that the ceorls, ^r fmall proprietors of land»' were ,reprefented 
in the wittenagemota by their. tithing-meo» or bor(Hotdefa, and 
the inhabicaors of trad if^ towi\f by their aldermen or port- 
reeves, it muft be confc&d,^ that of this there is not fufficjcnt 
hiftorical evidence remaining/ Here again we are oblig^^to 
declare. Chat we differ in opinioA from our Author* We are 
not infenfiUe of tke difficulties in which the fubjed is involves). 
Nevertheltfsy we are perfuaded ihat the hiftorical, circumfiani- 
tial, and legal evidences^ taken together, form a ftrohg proof erf 
the ConamoiH having had a ihare in the Anglo- Saxon ^giflaturr, 
Dr* Henry himfelf acknowledges, that the ceorh were not ex- 
cluded from the wittenasemot by any pofitive law ; and it ia 
not likely that they (bouTd, in general, voluntarily give up fia 
ivnportant and valuable a privilege. 

, Our Author, fpeaking of the Welch, obferves that * their 
animofity agaift the Saxons was for fotne ages fo violent, that 
they would comply with none of their cuftoms, ei^er in ciril 
or religious matters. But when this animofity began fo wcsr 
off, the great imperfedion of their own form of government 
made them fo ready to adopt tb6 political regulations of their 
ancient enemies, that before the middle of the tenth caitury^ 
fh^ coi%flitufion> magiftrates, 4n^ courts ^ Wales^* were almoft 

amaiy 



mtiTyTHj/ltij tfGrmi Britm^ VblrlLl 197 

eyadly th6 firnifr #itb tbefe of En^tuA. , -Thb is i^ triiey tfaat 
a.more minute and particular accoaot of the Anglo-Saxon con^. 
MocioQ might be extraOed from the Welch iawa of Howel 
I>fa!», which were ooUeded A.D. 841^ than. even from the: 
jSaxon lavi^a themielvea.' ^ . 

We are forprtMd that Dr. Henry did^ not diftem fome ap- 
pearance of tncoofifteni^ in this wyarfrnmiiMi of tbiagt* 
Law$ coUeSed before the middle of the ninth centurvv cannot 
prove how far politidal regulations mighrbetonowea finm the 
Saxons, which are intimated not to have been completely" 
^opt^d (ill toward the middle of the tenth century^ The inge* 
nious and learned Mr. Whitaker conliders the laws of Howel 
£>ha, as evidences oJF what was the ancient Bri^ifh conftitution ; 
i^id we agree with him in this refpcd. .'Ther^ feoms to bkve 
been a great fimilari^, among all the nortbero n^ions of anti- 
iquitys in their original forms and oEMKles of goi^rnaient*^ .We 
dp notf however, mean to deny that the Welch' did, ina couffe 
of time^ take many of their cuftoms from their neighbours the 
^axonii. ^ 

1a tbt description of the difFerent kiAds of ordeals, it is'pliea* 
iant to remark ^l^e prudent care which the clergy took o^^ them* 
fi^Ives. The cprffied, or confecrated bread ana cheefe, was the 
ordeal to which t)iey commonly appealed^ and the appc^ could 
not either i^ dangerous gr di(agreeable to 4 hui^ry prjeft. A 
piece of barley bread, ai)d a piece of chcde, were laid 'upoa 
the altsr, over which a prieft pronoaafied.QBrtain coflyiiratioos, 
and prayed with great fervei^y, tlM^if the perCbo aocuftd war 
guilty, Ocki would fend his ange) V^*^*^ to ftop hii throat, 
%at he might not be able to fwalloV that bread and' eheefe; 
Tfaefe prayers bebig ended, the f oiprijt spBroached the ahar» 
took up the bread aijid c^te&, amf ^^eff$n to eat it. If Hq f^al- 
lowed freelv, he was (^j^^ared innocent ; .bpt if jt ftuck in bis 
j^hroat^ and he could not fwallow, he was proiUHfnced guilty. 

After the ftri^ures we have made , ifpon Q^ H^i!^' and 
vhich, we think, might be extended to other ^n^ooea, it is 
but doing jufiice to him to.tnmfcribe-what he has fatd^ at the 
eonclufion of his third chapter. 

' If the Anglo-Saxon cbnfticatton, govemmefit,' and laws, do not 
a^ar fo exctUeat aad perfed in all ^peiBi, in the above deicrip- 
iJio'n» at they have been ibmetimes reprefented, and as the fond ad* 
jqfiiers of aUtiqaliy l^ve been ufibd to think them, the Author of this 
fi^rk cannot help its aad hadi 'nothing tp fay in hit own defi!ttO^» 
bat that he hath nfed his heft eadeavoars to diieoVer the truth, to 
reprefent it fiurly,' and to guard agaittH miftakes. Jt mnftir m ipar- 
tfcular', be evidehc to eve^ intelligent reader, that many of their 
jmkl laws were founds on wrong principles; and aunf of their 
modesof trnlledtowroaffdecHion^r. ., • 

^ O4 The 



Tivrfodith ^xipftti cbm^reBfcrUing^tlte UftoiyoF Leariifng^ 
is ve7y'eniei-tai(iin|[/ atiSy if oar Kmitfa WduM permh, we could, 
with plecUuro, knakt^'UvtM exttzStsltom itj tfpechWy wkh ^ 
regard to the litetail7 cbfiadcts^43f ABMbi^ Theodore; Bede» 
Alcuinus, John Scot, and King Alfred. \Bat ire muft contend 
ouriebK ^ith- tijMng l^cfche/uur Rorfders*IdrvHei0*7*6 obfervk- 
tiom. lipoid thttii^ miolki f s i of liicqtHriifg/'licwicorqj during thor 
SawMiqseiiodi - * i. :i . ; :o :. w . n *•;': -si > . 

*• That «w aiiqr4i^t>#iiiictain too iceAt0iif>til]fe.ittK' opinion oF ovr 
forefAtHef»»?wh« A>ufiflM4d ui tte<bti|igbl»d.»ges ivhidi we are nqw 

cumjUnce?.. ^"jrc^ lay np;hi^ of tbaj cop t^fnpfj for letters which^thcv 
derived from their aiioe{lor$» ^na of the abpou mceflant wars in wBicK 
they were engaged, "it was' Jifficujt/of,' ratter impoinbre/ for an 
thfe cltt^f, andavdr^feWxrfthfe niott )ii^6atthy dmo'ng ihcla^ty/ <i* 
obtain the leift Jhrafterlnfebf Warning ;' b^atfft $11 flie fecinsferac- 
quiring^t wfere -far biy end '-^ir reach. It is iin[)Offlble toieiM'm 
Tt^im^vmtt'fk^ oiri>Mn(m Viti«e>t(nigii#;: which it no^terdly 
eflremtd^parLof iearmgt mthoat boolos,. mafters« and q^afitnali 
for writing i bat in thofe ages all thefe were fo extremely fcarf^ 9^. 
d^^,t){a&noae bnt^gfipat pripfes and weahlw^ prelates coold^ocf re 
thjpm^, ^{c.'h^ve'^^reac^jle^d of a largceftatc gWei^ By a J^pi of 
fJorthumbcrland tpr a tingle Yofume f^^and the htuory of tbe middle 
f^ges aV^'uhSs wi^h'^/^bcamp^'s df that kind. ^6\v then was it poflible 
ibr*^eWdnsbf a'fticWcrtitefottutt^to'procif^fo much as'ohcboofc,' 
lAuch left 'lu^h inttnfcdr^of books^as to 'irtafcc tfieir leaririijg to Vead 
mt ilfie^^ktifiifkjMttv ttolf^dtd reward thair^troicible ? It was IhAi as 
dgjSodf< o^ fcowwr>boo k» gfct nk h i i y ^0^4 ' Iris a ffufficient rproof of 
ihiii Um a^lUng.of tFradcerwiQ ohUged to;depo(tt a coniid^rablQ 
quality 0f(pl»t9> and.tQ^>4epf^i; nc4>iUty to join with him in 
a^lwnd^ V'^cr^ bigbjp«^aj|pf,;w"re^raiti.. before, he ooa)4 pfbcarc 
the ^aq w Qne yolun^e, wl^ch, yiay now hepHrchajfed fbr a iew.lhil- 
Kngs, ]H^enals for wHpng' were alio very ^arc^ and de^r, whicfi 
ihaJeffew perfons tninlt of iearning that art. "^his was one riafon of 
th^ftireity ofbooyvand'tR^t'^reat'^ftateiwcre often trdisiferY^ 
froih oto<5 owner to ano^cf by'a'riiert verbal' agreement, and the de- 
$f«ry<df wnh i^ (kMt^ beMre^wkneiTes, i^thdat any wnhen deed. 
jParchmenc^ in paruculafv dn 'wibich alt fh^r ^booki were written* 
wa3 fi> d^ifficnU to be pubeoDBd^ ^at.many of die ,MSS of the middle 
^ges which arc flill prefervcd, appear to hevtebe^n wittcnon parcM* 
H^^lroxn which fomfi fo^a^ writiqg had<b$e« erafed* Bat if booka 
and materials for writing werp in tl\ofe. ag^s^/p jcatQe, .good maA^i* 
wjio 'v,xrc (;9ipable ojf teaching 4|ie f^iencea |o any purpofe, weie,ISU 
fcarcfu-, ^nd more dl$^t to. be.prQ<;urqd. . Wi«n,lh^re wa* not one 
nwui in flnglaod to. the ^uj^ Qfi^kfi Jh^ine^ wh^ underftopd ]^tij)» k 
Wf8 no.; po^ble tp team that fegoftge, witho^t fending for a teaehw 
from fbmc foreign poijfttrXj Jn the?? circui^ft^nce^, qui we be /ur- 
jpri«ed« .that learning wa^. io imperfedl, and in fo few Mads f The 
'{^einple.of Science was tbc^ 4^t a. homely :fab»c,t with few chars^ 
IQ allMre wo^aii|>|>er8^ and at ;h^ (^p ti^^e .^rrottnd^d widi flMp 



And • riigge4 precmicts^ *wlli€b: l^ijti^cat^ tlfeir ji^roftdi. Wbe«» 
Alfred tlie Gxeat loroed the de%n of reo4eriDg.leatning more g^ne^ 
9ral than it had formerly l>eep9 hft never dreamed :of extending it t^ 
the cqminoii peopk» which he kaenr was^ quite impra£liarble» i>ae 
only obliged; perfons of rank and fdrinliev by'a*j8vtr» to lend thjsie 
fpns to fchool ; and we Jiaye good reaJ^M (0- faelieipjby thM ihb-r^Mli 
AJft^med a. very hard law, an4. tl^it it watHet^jong^obeyibd.' 
, Tbebiuory of thQ Arts of Gre»t BriipA, wbieh m tke Mm 
jeaof th^ fifth. cbaptetv-^coniaNis Miith citriooBtaRd plea(fli|| 
infomation. Ito thetaooo»nt%hfch rt giftn of the gnettt^d^ 
nbyV thlt^Wfts paid to pb^tlry attd -tHfe t)M^i We IriVl^f l^M^ 
ddfdbf, \irhtfther itht Authbr 'hath fufidtttttty dlfcrirttlw^ta; thki 
pi^fe MraflerW tR%'5^*bbs In Ais rfef^ift, from that of the 
nitfoHs ii-bund tlifeto. *^f^v^c kte hot oufthkch, the Saxons gf 
England were leTs eiitKuiiaLiircally foiid of partly an^rpoets ,thaf| 
feme others of the northeca Uibe8» aod p4rd(:^|arJy the ^ocjent 
Britons. ^ 4 ' ^. . - ♦ 

In the (ifflory of Commerce, Coin^ and Ship{»ag, we r^aid^ 
with particular faitisfafiion, off the furprixiog efforts of Alfred-^ 
Grrat for,encrealing the trade and paval power <)f his-^^ountfyi 
and jfor making new difcoveries. The 9ouci(hing conditio t^ 
.IfK^ch Hctgar the Pea^eaJble raifed, ^tbe JEngliih fleet is, llkewife, 
an.ofijed oiT agreeable cqntepiplatipn. Dr. Heviry has taken no 
Itttk paioft ID, deducii^ the ftate of coin in Gnat Britain,, Ipom 
the departure of the koi^aans to tb^ eftabliflim«nt of 4he Sjuwos* 
In the management ;o£ thii^ intricate and.pei;plexiiig fubjady hi 
has received confiderable aflUlance from the iabonrt of the iata 
learned Mr. Clarke, to whom he ;gratef«ili]f.i^l(nowte(]ge$ hif 
oblieatbns. ...it 

The^'fbventh and laft chapter, which relates to the Manner^ 
Virtaes, Vices, reo^ajikable ^uftqnu,^ Language, Drefs, j^ien 
ancfbiverfions of the P^oplepf Great Bri^iny froo^ the Arcivai 
6t the^axons to. the Landing of Williaoji P«ike of Normandy^ 
contains a variety of entertaiiung.cupcinftanoea. As it wocdd^b# 
itnpradicahleto purfue our Author through his whole narration,- 
we mall only prefent one farther fpecimea of hts work, in the 
repr^ientation he hath ^iven of the love which the Aaglo-Saxoaf 
bad for liberty. . 

' After the account that hath been given of the Anglo-Saxon con* 
fflttxtJttri in a former cliapter, it h hardly ricccfl^ry to obfcrve/ that 
the love of political liberty, and of a i^ee and legal form of govern- 
mtAtt inky^be Jufljy reckoned anQloDg the natiotHi] virtfues of the filig- 
HA ift :this penod. This virtoe, together with* the great and kadhg 
principle pf thrir confti^ujti^iiy .they'derivecliroid their ancefloi^tiif 
ancient Qer^nans, who are^mtly celebrated by the Greek and Ro^ 
man writecs for their, love of lioerty, and their brave defence of thai 
indftiihablel)lefling. Thofe armies of adventurers which arrived firom 
Q^hia^jaj tfi (fxt& of fet(Iebients in this illandi in the fifth and 6x(4 



^enturiety Wft tompofed ofbl^k-f^ntcd and haoghtf warriort , wM* 
werx ahnoft equals, asd woald admit of oo greater degrees of Tabor* 
dination than tkeychofe thenifelrei, and rhought ncceffzry to tbe* 
fuccefs of their etiterpnzeB. Their conqnefb, we may lie cerum, 
did not abate th«ir hatghtiiieftr or make tkem more fobmiffive to. 
flMir* leaden; For tkeir own honour, afttr their iettlemeot, they 
allowed thofc H»d«rf to aflame tke name of Kings, and gaV^ tbem a 
krgife fifoportioa of the vonqoercd lauds to Aipport thdr dignity ; 
htt.thcy ItiU resained in their omitn hands tha power of making laws^t 
impc^li^g taxfs, and .determining all .national qnetions'of iatport^ 
igdcei in their national aHembUes, a^ t)ieir aneeftors had dope in tlietE 
native ieau oi^ the continent* Of the£s*4neftimable priirilegea ihof . 
continued to be infinitely jealous,, and to defend them with' the no& 
undaunted reibtation ; and it is to this political jealou fy and reibla-* 
tion of our remote ancefl^ofs, ^hat we are indebted for oar prefent 
ft«? and legal form of govtminent.* 

--The marttal- (pifit o( the liaficsr,^ and the caufcs and proper* 
ties of that fpirit, together with the fondneft of that patron far 
•ipldlent dfath, are- wcH defcrtbod hy Dr. Henry. Among oth«r 
feirtomftances he hath not forgqtten the attention and refpcA 
that werefihewn to the fajr iex; an amiable peculiar!^ io the 
^haraider of the notthern nations; which has been bpaiitifuUy 
dlfplayed, and wdl accounted for, by Monf. Malkt^ in the 
introduflion to* hjs Hiftory of Denmark.' 
I Wbikterer farther defeats might be pointed oiit m the pfrefenc 
perfbrmancet it imift' be acknowledged that, upon the -whole, 
ft-pofieflfef eonfiderabie tnerit. The Author, indeed, rs nO( 
HiAtnguiftied by elevatiofi of genitts, by nhilofophical penetfa- 
tioni or by a capacity of rifing' to the^bigneft ^v*cies of hlftori- 
cal tompofuion; but he poflefles a grea| (h^re 0/ good fcafc; 
•nd his diligence and labour muithave been uncommonly giieat. 
He refers always to his authorities. His (Fyle, if not elegant, or 
lemArfcably nervous, is clear, and for the Qioft part, though not 
udlverfally, corred. As a cotledion of faiSs and materials, 
Dr^ Henry *s Hifl»ry of Greit BriCattv cannbt but be spcculnirly 
Hfeful. It is a work which every gentleman Would yvifh to 
place in his library^, that he may be able tq confuh rt^n pro- 
per occafions. .0 .. . - 

Art. IX. Setbona ; a Tragedy. As it is performed at the Tiieiatr«* 
Royal |n Drury-Lahe. 8vo. i|.6d« Becket. 177^ 

* ^^OhO^Ei^ Dow^' (fays the Editor's advertifemcnt) * when 
Vj4 he failed for India, left the following tragedy in tba 
pofleffion of Mr. Garrick. The event has (hewn, that the re* 
putation of an abfent Author could not have been trufted rn 
fafer hands/ — We fubfcribe to this grateful declaration % and 
we have no objeAio|i to the feveral acknowledgments which 
make up the reft of this advertifemeni. We are only forrjr that 

5 in 



SdUna i a Tragedy. t^ 

in thie next edition^ the H^li^wer^ wHI iiot be tburiJ ;In th^ lift 
of bciiefa(6tort to this^poetical tniotliPg* Wbp ^tm^^'^y tbe ab- 
fence of its natural par^ntf to demand peculiar indulgence* 
Tbe only circumftance that ten^era thjs^ Moniieceflarj, ia th« 
prudent choice of a guardian^ There are nany cafes in wbich^ 
we (hould prefer a £x»rd Chan^eUor^ iD' ihe managtecnt of our 
aflairs, to any unexperienced aadinjudicionffelacione. There 
is hardly any theafrical fafe in whtdi w« fliouMnot rather chufe 
to have our reputation ih the hands of Mr. Garrick, than eveij in 
our own. It is our full purpofe therefore, when we c^n, either 
feparately or altosethera. produ9e a play, to tranfport ourfelvest 
to Ireland at leaft, and to }eavi; it to thq gencrqfity and ma^ 
payment of Mr. Garrick* 

In fober truths and without a joke* we do not T^n^itiber any 
play fo ftriking and Interefling-ia the reprefentation, and yet 
to cold. To upRdfeAing in the perufal, as the picfem tragedy. 
Few of our Readen^ we fut>pofi^ can be wiacquainted with 
the ftory of it, as it has beett given at large in thr newa^papers. 
The fcene is in Egypt | and me principal peribns whfo intereft 
lis bj their dtftrefsV ar^ an aged dethroned Kin^; an amiable 
and excellent da>ifchter|''ana.a noblt-fpirited neroic votrtb» 
fiepbew to the jw King^ and* the lawfu^ heir to the mrohe. 
pof^nel Dow has Dfefl 9ondiii$|e4 4i^ bufinefs of the ipisy^ and 
varied the fifuasians pf bis cW^fils with great art: but wheq 
they are got into the moft aflFedins; httS^nit fituatioBSi he leaires 
us to Mr. Garf^t^^ vh^ indeed iSakes the moft of our trnkgi- 
liatiens, ai^d managis ipi^tters fo, that-we'aitrihuce -to the play 
what is rather "fiuid to the Ccfcnes; 'We cannot .bi|t think Ihat if 
the tdors wefe made to Jbsal thtycal languiii $/ the pmm which 
ihey (alk about^* the leverat trimfadtipn^ in the yatacomba 
'would be aniong thp moft affeding that w^p^ ever ei^tbited on 
sny ftage. * • • '• ^ 

The Reader wilf judgie pf the Alithprfy talents f by t|^ fal« 
lowifig quotation :- 

A C ' T V. * ' '^ 

EMier S E T H O N a/ Mjfraacdff. 
8iTH<{irA« Ofiris thudders! yet the' tyrant lives,' 
Whilft Serapbis and MeAe^ art no more I 
O that my (pirit,. like that tranfibnt beam. . 
Woqld take its cdorft dboa the vee^rng winds. . 
Amasis, Why com'ft th6a thW, Sethftnaf Hence, rWtef 
(iTH. {mi •t/irnfUg bim.) It it the melaochohr bird pf night, 



'.I^erch'd on.that mould'ring ^battlement, that ftr^ami 
Her bodihg odt^s^ofWoe: - ¥e bidecKis forms, . " ^ 
That dimly rife npoa jthe night, and float' 



JL 



^ See aUb the atcountirf' the jnfily-admised Zti^, ,a tntgedy, 
/V|ne Author, i^eview, vol. xl. p. 50. ' ' "' 



ftp4. JSithon(t% a Tjr^gcdjT. 

Jft tli^ wUd t^pc^ pf^Ac troiibW wr ! 
Uoll not jroar jnourafal voices op the 5prn|, "^^ 
Aiifeyl Your iw^lgfcRorcs are ift»vaivl; ' '^ ' 
All— all toy ftafs atc-vsi^uifh'tf by iyHcftfe, '• 
Ajii^/. -'jBBe^teft not tuvy htrt^r 
^»Efii* ' - - • What«g^oah»»^%^tl«r""' 
lStt1dnit dwic^l 1 hauUtfae^imd of^chdns. 
Tkifr 4i:«ny way ! • tM fuqKf ihall dire& 
, ^Mr^Wp*' ¥fcawf#fpii!ii^iOf.«ty!feu:^, . 
,4.«pM^>jowfTOfnjyourdaikrcpofc!. U^^'^lJ 

Ak^k ^qjiona, ilop. L^c mp convey tlwre hence,: 
why doft thoji gaae upon the vaulted roof^ 
As jf fbriic godycTcfeiuied ; or thfc,h<rav'^5 
- ^(^i^ttTOpea'd to thy ^icw ? 
SiTH* The cload i8*hftXte i ' 

' *B«lfdd'Hlai inbiAiCtrf^;^tfc« i^h^i^b^^WiB^^! 

• AM>fi4i«e4Miatfd4l«eami8intiirrfnheU«d^piifiill . 
. . jUpdn.p[)e!!Hswis'Q]d! H^<was*thiDh«8nK» ^ 

AiidtiKlikr»^^wai the htei! 

. . / , E^e^.of .^rkf has almo&^aench'd the^ight 

Seth.; ' . . Wasorerl&vif " 

" Lfk^' ntine ? Pale ii the v^ity ^dni hh Actf * - 
* '^ ' CoHf, CbM his brtall'/ ^nd'ffleirt^s-kis ifcn^ ? 
' f* -*'' H«*hil^ Hps I «ithbWi lifccthfc>bde/ ' • ^ 

'^nHemmnyteih^l . 

-.iAtfii^t:.i» '*-.• f»' - t'\: c-':.;Hofe^tenfroit(^ 1^«nu^. -. . 

tSsf i|t , , i ( . J^cn his bright tycs roli'd, 
; I look'd^ot at the fiiai Mni when A<» ippkc 

My fingers dropt the jyrc* This wpund was death, 
*g bleeds 1 it bfccrds I This breaft V9iJ y^itf tjf gifilt. 
^ Why do I weep ? To-uight I am t8c%ide, ' 
The bride of Amaiis. Thefe wedding robes 

* Wii\^pmt3my^^lMtagflkc$u 

Ama. Remorie beginii 

To fafien on my heart* I ieel^ I feel» 
That guilty ' like the «nv«i9m*4Tcoi^ion, hears 
Its own's death V ding, tier 6tnzy C^cms tb.add 
New luftre to her beauty ; Aod thoie eyes 
Were not fo piercing, when the milder beama 
Of wifdom temper'd thdr refiftlefi jppw^r : 
And yet the iorm aloi>e remabs* The '^ght 
Is^one^ and* 'like the dim orbfOf'thelmoon,- 
6h» lahQors in eoUpie. 

$iTH» ' Hiik! Who.artflioii? , 

GiVe me iky hand. . ' . . 

Ama, What wonld'Jlihott withjoy liand i 



SiT#^ . i Ax^» *way !, wa(h lODtt tbfk^jpnjrjfh&aini I 
A¥a; Itiiioolatc* i: . 



^ 

^ 



Ama;^ B^l bow ftie prober mir hmttu ivhereaoftiDflaixL'di 
Seth. Why do I carry here? Let me behold 

Thetr bleeding woBids ii^f* 

And vanqaiO^'d natare finds xepofe in deaUu 
' ' Tkefi>tntaui«£ifiiy.lM8,Mrdcy, my eyes - ' ' 
Boni' widi the xs^;iag fevet oCJny brauu ^ >' ^ 
Tiabei! 'dflMcnes! Obt IfipUcNrtkeol ..: 
RoUU in that (badowy mantle^ iboii ihait Inir 
SeiboaafitoaiberwQef. • (n^^u.. 

We thiiik this fcene is one of 'Aiiinbft interefttng In tbe play» 
and we have given it for that vt^Xotix the Reader wKo vpder- 
ffands the language of Natpie need not recolle£l Qpjielia in 
order to judge, of its merit* 

■ I I I III >i II I L P ■' ■n i HM ^ ■ mi * » > J I Mil J f i* I » I m 

Art. X. Tht l^oM e/^ Bufimfs ; a Comedy, ^i^vk .^^ at Un^ 
. Theaire*Royal in Covent-Garden. Sy Geoi;ge Calmi|n. Svo. 
IS. 6i Beclcet* 1774« 

TH£ ftory, and many of the priiidpal citeui»ftafiets4»f this 
play, have an evident reference to fofM hue and^ipalb- 
known events in the mercantile world % and they depend moftly 
on the following parts. Firft, that of FaiU, an old backer; 
fecondly, BiVirley^ his partner^ a man negligent of his afl^r^^ 
given up to hi^ pleafures, in fine, z mod^ta man ff bttfine/ii 
thirdly^ Dtmer^ a young miler; fourthly, Golding^ anothor 
partner, but refideat abroad in the Indie&i and, fifthlyi, Lp^iia^ 
the daughter of Golding. Beverley cmbarraflos bis affairs in thp 
iwa^s cooamon to a man of pleafure. In coadiiAing the feveral 
circumftancevof his folly, the Author copies the mMincrs^f the 
times, and yet avoids every thing «trite and uninterefting. As 
Mr. Colman can afibrd to be criticiftd, we axd the ler3 fcrupu« . 
}ous in remarlcing whatever wie imagine is in any degree un- 
*wo|thy of his talents. The fpllo^vjog fcene between pcverlev 
and Lydia, we think, is not flra;wn ^ftj^r Natjur^ 9euerkyS 
nunncr of declaring hjmfelf is neither j4cU€ate. i)or ifi'clvirac* 
-ter, as Mr. Colman would have us eoftceive of btoi. Lydia is 
generous and godd, b«tt iliedoes not fpeak^tke langaage of a 
'W«fl»an m fiKii a ficuation/ ' -* -< ! 

(Tbty remfun finu timt JiUntJ i; 4.. *. :>> * 

Sin^. txiuKt mt, IMatn, if 1 vtiiuire A bikfiitiRi b<H«rdbeply I am 
llsnfiMefif your amer^ te^ be* aMbd b^ myHiislbrtaiits : and jtt 
I cannot bat oonfefs that I feel your compaffion sAlMll^ks (otiafollyis ^ 
a reproach— for I am coafirioas'iibaveinotdeTetivtd'it^ ' ' 

a Ijd. 



Ljd. Toiiditd«i I am with the remfc of vbdl* (itaatkn^ Mt.Se- 
ycriey, I will not diflembk to you that I ain pleaTccl vnA the chanst 
in your behaviour. 

." iK|v« Stilly ^ill* thit veiy approbatioa fqves to reprtftich me witt 
the impropriety ofmy late condaA towards yoo. I M it. I rttfadt 
yoar forgivenra of it $ and fhooM be happy to pa& the reft of my 
life in endeavoaring to atone ir« 

Lj4f, Make no m>logies to ne, Mr. Beverley ; I hav^ no right to 
exped them* nor nat yonr oondud rendered them neccflary : moft 
young gentlemen who piqne themfelves on their knowledge of the 
worKi» ad modi In the iame maQuer ai you behave to me. 

Biv^ It 18 too true ; but it is not the fwarm of coxcombs that ren- 
ders them lefs impertinent or .trouhlefome. I ought uot to bave 
adopted their contemptuous air^, jkv^thout being mailer alfo of thdr 
tame infeoiibllity ; yet I' had you tH to plead in excufe for my vani- 
ties ; and I flatter my(eif» that time and refl(^£lTon — and another mO> 
live that diftrads me when I think of it^mfght have rendered me an 
«l!JeA left onworthy yonr emnpaffion. Calamity-has torn the veil 
from myeyest and I now fee but too plainlyi not only your excd- 
lence» but my own imper&AIons. 

Lj^. Cafamitv is a ievere 'maHer, yet amendment can fcarce be 
' purchafed too dearly : and as your errors have been venial, yonr 
oiftreii Ba]r be bat traofieati nay, may, perhaps, at laft be the 
•means of yonr hstppinefs. 

Bfv. Impoffible 1 Impoifible! However I, may be reftored to a£> 
Juence, I can never, never tafte of happinefs. I have thrown away 
—perhaps wantonly too^ have thrown away the jewel that ihonid 
have been the pride and bluffing of my life.— Oh, Lydia ! tlie tctl 
ings of worldlv diftrefs are nothing to the agonies of a deipairingr a^ 
fedion. My ntuation extorts from me what 1 have hitherto enaou 
vourtd ta conceal even from myielf. I love you — I feel I long bavc 
loved yon— though wretch and fool enough to be almoll aihanicd of 
a paffion in which I ought to have glori^. I am now pnnitfvrd lor 
it— 'heavon knows, feverely j>unilfiied*-perhaps too ievttdy<^by lo6i^ 
the vety hopes of ever obtaining yon. 

LjJ. Do not run from one dangerous extreme to another, Mr. Be- 
verley ; bot gnard againft defpondency, as well as vanity and jxte* 
fumption. I fie you are much agitated, much deje^ed ; an^ wkai 
it would, perhaps, have been dangerous and nnpardonable to have 
owned to yon but yelUbday, to-day I ihall not fcruple to declare. 
Ruftied away, as you were, by a torfent bf friihionable vanities, vid 
the poor amution of kee^g high company, i diought I coold St 
cem in yonr mind and diQpofiiion ik> aiean underftanding, jhs «a> 
generous prindplei—^too good for the aflbciatts yon had feS^ed^ mad 
' too fnfcepdble not to be in danger from fuch fociety.. It is no won- 
der, therabre,-if I felt any growing partiality for you, that I enika- 
vonred to leftrain it, 

Spo. Toxcftrain it f Say caAcr to extingni^ it. Oh, I novirte- 
ceive all ny wrctchcdncA.*— Bat to be fuppb&ted hj my boMife> 
friend! byDenierl 

Ljd. I am at a loft to comprehend yon* 



Tht Man ofBuJinifs j % Comody. lOf 

.^ .B^rHe^hfeflbd to nie' his p&ffion^fbr jtoa b«f tlittl^f >)iiefnt 
in^— not an hour ago li( deciam to me his inoendoa of makiog yon 
fcricnis propofah. . ^ 

Ljil^ Such propofals would be &re of bebg re)efted-^rijc^d with 
^e utmofi indigoation. > . i 

J3^z/. NVhat do I hear ? May I ftill hoj>c then ? And arc ytna /% 
folded not to Hften to his acidreifies ? 

Lyd, I am too well acquainted with* his charade^. Hh nuqinen* 
indeed, are lively, and his vyo^ldly tQ>^ enables fiim to work himfdf 
into the friendlhip of othei's ; elpecially, thoft like yourfelf/ Mn 
fieVerfey— of-an dridefigning open-hearted diara(ler; in order to 
«vail hidiifelf of their foibles, promote hit intereft^ and gratify hit 
jpenoKy^. Rely not too iecoreiy on the warmth of his profeffipusj 
ileady.to ijp point but his Intereft, you will find him ihifting ^ hif 
5ondii£l avoiding to the revolu^ons in your fortune. He feemed at 
,£irft deiirous to unite me to you ; but now, hearing, I fuppofe, of 
the alteration in your drcumdances, and the late remittances in my 
/avour, it is perte£tly agreeable to his fentiments, to endearoar t6 
Yupplant you. As yet, however, he has made me no overtures. 
' Bt*v. So fn then atleaft he is not unfaithful, But Oh, my Lydia I 
may I interpret your repn^nanet to his addrefies as an argumeiit in 
tny fovour f 

Ljd. I have already frankly declared my opinion of your charac- 
ter. It now remains with yon to' prove the troth of that opinioii» 
«and to determine my refolu^ion accordingly. Do but bear up again ft 
^adveriity, To iu^ to (hew youffelf equal to the poffible return of profpe- 
. xity— a trla^ perhaps, ten times more dangerous — and be aflared, 
M/. Beverley, that with the approbation of my friends, 1 (hall be 
happy CD give every proof of my efteem for fo valuable a chara£ier, 

Bto. My 4«areft Lydia! (I^Jtn^ btrhAnd) Modeft, amiable, Ly* 
<lta 1 When you avow dfeeem, let me prefume to conftrue it tSxt* 
.tion ! Oh Lydia» yon have made me fend of my misfortunes. Eafe 
, Aod affluence icornipted m^, and had fo weakened and enervated my 
mind, that the rough ftroke of adveriity would have ftunned me be- 
yond the power of recovery, had not your gentle hand raifed me to 
. the hope of happinefs. Take your pupfl, Lydia; and render him— 
for von only can efFc£l it-- oh Vender mm woithy of it dear, (b tx« 
qoiilte a monitrefs ! ' . . .^ , . ■ 

We have given thil dialogue at large, that the Reader may 
Judge whether we have been miftakeii or not in our judgnient 
of it. Our.ufual cqftom is to exhibit the moft advantageoua 
. f ar ta of the works of thofe Writei^s who» we thinlc. at once de<» 
ferve and, need encouragement. We treat Mr. Col man in a 
•different manner» becaufe we thini(. our duty to the Public 
ihould make us watchful over thofe who are in p<>fleffioa of ica 
favour, Mr. Coloian caay not want the affiftance- of a &e« 
viewer'^ praife, but he may receive benefit from the animadver- 
- fions of his friends. 

If the Reader flioold think we had no reafon to blame the 
aibove fcene^ we can aflure him hi will hive no reafon to bt 
JifEuisfied with any other part of the play. 
' , , - ^ . - . ^^^^ 



' 9fS^kSh Car^Ufm t ContaiiuBg a Vitw.oS the Gobuy Lt^ELkturth 
{vkuder the Defcription of that of Carolina in particular.) Witlt 

' Obi<rvatiottS| iheipi&g their Rcfemblanoe to the Bridih ModcL 
8vo. IS. 6d. CadelL 1774. 

ff^HlS pamphlet contains a detail 6f curious and intercfting 
JL- tranfadio^fis an.d tbeiefore merits particular attentipoc 
The Writer, with fpajc hucQour) ^yows himfelf to be a do#n- 
^§ti^ placeman of nea^ twenty years ft^ndii^ ; and as it may be 
fiipfiofed his emplf^OBent is in the. province of which he treatf, 
it is a nee tnftanoe of twofold gopd fbctune; firft, thai be bat 
: been fuffered to hold a place fo long sunid the fltid^iation pf mi- 
niftrtes and oppofite interefts ; and^ fecondly, that his coiifti- 
tution has enabled biin U^weatbtr it for that length of tifne in 
fo dangerous a climate. If the candour of this declaration 
jibgujcit as he apprehends, prejudice our patriots, ^pd perfons 
out of pUpe, ^^inft him, we are confident that the good fen(e 
uffA iippitftiality wbich he difplayi, will rjccommc^ oim to all 
jnea who have underftanding epougb to ]u)ow that gpyernment 
mufl be adminiflered \ and that when perfons of talents and io- 
tegi'ity execute oflkes under it, they have s^ cl^im to refp^^ as 
«he%befl friends to the Public. 

There is a clear difUnAion between oppoSfig the bad mea- 
furesof government, and adopting qppofition to government 
26 a fettkd plan of condu^ : tbp former >$ tfue pafriotirm, but 
thd latter mufl be 4idatc4 by a weak %ss^ cf ^ pad b^art. In- 
.dpec) psttioti&n, in the heft (cnfe of t^tiAtvfi* if too e^rly pro- 
-fecuted^ will degenerate into the ipadaeis of blind fad^ion ; for 
according to the fiMniliar adage ci fummmm jutfjuntmaitgrnruj 
extreams are always Uameable and dangerous. The Afnorican 
fiamp-ad was perhaps the moflinconiklerat&.meafure that go- 
vernment could have attempted' to carry into execution, as it 
came at Icaft a century too late, and as the ' confequencea of it 
are very unlikely to fubfide. The prefeht Writer thus confidcrs 
. tb^fe con&quences : 

- *. It is apt ipy li^njdop tp enqujj^ i|ito the policy of impofii^ 

flaznpi]uties ob the. fqbje^ in^inerica; pother dol prefameto 

determine any thing refpcfling an aft fo extremely offen^ve to the 

' colonies {n ^enerkf; bUt 1 )^g to o£er a fmall conjetiare. That the 

' repe^ thereof -will prove to be %n epoch in the an n ah ofBritiih floiY; 

'fbr» fince that memorable period, the poblic affaira of Ih^fe ooaatnes 

have been in a fbte of almoft rainoos diiira£bon ; and what was pn>- 

•babljr aieaat to inipiie gratitade and lQ(re,.has rajber Idndlad zal^- 

.trorir aadjdi%aiUrrThe aftpftiiui of theJPar^lltjStot^^fi^ %f> be CPn- 

iidered as the efieds of ag^ fondnefs and impotf n^ ;ty|p^hyttt : aad 

.forcyj am to,£iy, th^tt^conoeiio/is hav^ daily jpx;oda9Bd i^ri^LtioB 

jin^ re^fbui<^;,,pi^ft.c|!Mip hM.beeii fcllQwed by aabjher^ y^isi^f fi^• 

", iierating more, have malciplipd like^ the chcrcafing bowec of^aopH 

, ber^, ia a courfe, as it were, of gtmftrkal pr'ogriiJlr6n7 - * " • 

SOBtii 



South Cai'oltna yfSit not the mofi backward intbe general op- 
^x^ition to this ftamp ad} for wc are informed that the AiTem* 
\Ay did not think the Governor obliged to ietiforre the exe(rtiticn 
of that law^ as it had not been tranfiAitted to him by the Se* 
creracies of State, or the Lords of Trade : though it feems the 
pHnted aft had bceh fent to the Licutenamt-Governor by the 
Attorney- Generals This advantage, weak as it was in a pul?* 
lie body to attempt to profit by it, w^, afforded by £he notifica* 
tion pf new laws not being pofitively prefcribed. ;They were 
anciently prt>claimed by the Sheriffs ; a JFoimflHty which, iincc 
the invention of printing, their circulation from- the preGi has 
. been thought t6 render neediefs* ' But Chough this may be dmnid 
fufficieiit publication to pi^blic bodies, whdfeduty it is to pro* 
cure them, yet laws ai-e often pafled ^frhofc opcratiott i^.not fo 
extcnfive, nor, their exigence fo notorious, as thft' aft abov'e- 
ff)en(iof)ed ; and it may f^em hard to cpnvift indii^iduals on fta* 
tutes, which'though they are' prefumed to be acquainted with, 
thist knowledge is^ ^pendent on meer contingencies that may 
not take place uuder ;dl circttmj[lai)ce$i even without fu[]f)ofiag 
wilful ignoranx^e. .. 

The next ftcp taken by the ^iflembly of South Caroliha, Whieh 
affords matter^or ariin^adverfto^, y^as to t#anfmit, eti their own 
authority, 1560 L to the Society for fupjporting the Bill, of 
Ilights, at the Lohdon Tavern. Qn this iheafure oiir Author 
b vtxy fcvere ; and fi'om what he fays We tbiXV exti-aft the fol« 
lowing paflages : - . 

* The true points of debate, thejOfJoay be comprehend^dCjp a £^w 
plain pofitiona, ariliog from the above Retail offals, vis^ That the 
Commons Hoiife of A^cmbly fignali^^ themfelves in favour of a 
Club called the Sttppfttrs of iht MiRof tiights^ held at :)ie London 
Tavern, by votings snPecember 1769, 4500 L Sterling, fox tbeir uf^r 
end ordering ^he4'iiblicTrc;afurer to p^y the fanne out of an;' jnoaicA 
io the Trcafury. 

* That this order was made by tl^eir own Jot f ant tiH^, indepen- 
dent of, and vvithout xheprivity or ^onfent of the other two branches 
Qf the legidature. 

* That when the firft Annual Tax-bill was feot to the Upper Honfe 
in the month of March 1770, Mrith a fcKedule annexed containing 
^he following charge, viz. " To Jacob Motte, Bfq; advanced by him 
%o the perfous named by a- refolution of tb^ Hou(e, io,;ool. (Ipeing 
of the value of i50oh Sterling)'* the Council reje^ed the (aid bill, 
^nd feverai fubfequent ones have fince met with the like face, for the 
very Ume reafon. 

* That the copduft of his Majefly's Council has not, only been 
twice highly approved by the King himfelf, bat. the dii^ace has been 
taken up by the Crown ; and by an additional inihu^on to the Go- 
vernor, fucb orders have been declared to be unconHitutional ; and 
Xhe like pra^ice has bten thereby fully provided againA in future. 

Rev. Mar, 1774. F •' fhat 



Siff Cfinfidifatim fn artmn PMtic^ TrMfifitOUns 

* That tht Adcteblf , tetitdoifs 6f theft rights as cMcdred bf 
theMi Md obiiMtte in d Hw i in g to the meafitre w<idch bad givea fo 
juft auKe of olfence, have re^atediy perfiAed in tbe j«ftke and pro- 
priety of the original ifo«e ^hd order, notwidtftaodisg his Maji^'s . 
royal inlerpofition in t^ cafe. 

* Thns ftatuis this important coa^eft between the Crown and the 
People's Rcprefentativcs ofhisMajefty^s colony of ^uth Carolina.^ 

* It is trae, thkt the Commons are to judg^ and determine in trbat 
cafbs they win or ought to give and grant ; hot forHy it is impficd, 
that theyihali not arbttrarily and injurionfly appropriate the public 
tfeafore^ and theitby abnfh the confidence repofea in them by the 
people. Surely it wiil noc be contended, that they Iklts a right lo 
la^poveriih the members of thcftate, when the oeceflkies of govern* 
ment reqi^ire no fuch exertions* Admit, for a mon^ent. mat the 
AfTembly are poiTeiled of a power to apply the money of their cOn* 
ilicuents to any purpofes generally^ and wrmnH alfb admit, that they 
may do fo to any am6unt and extent whatever j and then, I think, 
tlie r^prtfinted zit in a ftate ofabfoiute vaffalage and rufnoos depend- 
olice. * ' . 

' U it not an arbitrary ad to ta^ the eflates of Ae feb)e6b ni thb 
colony tO'fupftort a friwUe cittS^ a U^verft tluis ^-faSimiS^chib, -opoa 
any fpecioas pretence or colourable excufe I — Is it jullv ^ ^^ reafoa* 
aiile, that hnnheht (hould be* Isad n^on the peopki to ferve a job or 
gtadfy a tyh'^m/ — Can men fu&r themielves to jbe ib.delnded» and 
an^ufed, to their lofs as well as (hame ?-^Are chains more tolerable, 
becaufe impofcd by 6Ur own cOnfcnt? — Can. «nen tamely furrendcr 
their rcafon, ancj the power of judging for ihemfclves, by a ii ogle 
a^ ofJcUgatloMT-^WsLS It their (enle and meaning, fo furmfh Ih'eir 
conflitucnts with rods for their own backs ; and are thofe whom they^ 
chofeto repreient and proteftthfem, to' be their executioners f — Is 
the colony arrived to (\x\\maturtty f— Has it no wants of any kind ? — 
Does it Hand in need of no fopplles for beneficial eftaWiftiments ; for 
the encreafe and advaricemetit of the pro4u6!s of^he (bit ; the exten- 
flon of its commerce, and the promotion of orcfhl kfaowledge? Are 
the (everal c'ountiesfbwell fupplied with chdrchesr; thapels, and (pi* 
ritual teachers, and with fchooU for the indrudion of yonth r or. Are 
the pabFic roads, bridges, caufeways, and fott5ficatioirs, in fuch 
perfcd ftate and condition ; and are the circnmftances of the colony 
in general fo extremely eafy, that the treafury meet 'only to receive, 
and not to paj? If thefe things' are fo, we may overlook, for once 
at leaftj the idle prodigality complained of: bgt if thefe qneiftfons can- 
not be favourably anlwered, c\*cry man in the comtntmity is injured 
to a certain degree ; and eveyy fgm diverted from their fervice, is ao 
aft of /eal tyranny and infolent oppreffion. 

* For my own part, I mnft cancndiy cpnfcfi; that! never refleded 
in n^ ipind upon this fubjeft, but I found two very difercnt paeons 
excited in my bread, mirth and rejentment. The comical part of the 
Hory is. That a colledive body of men, in their it/to/ and finattrieJ 
fiations, fiiould perfuade themfelves that Magna Charta, the Hahtaf 

Corpus A3^ and the Bill of Rights ^ flood in need of a little propping 

|rom i club of men whofe ftandard was iet vp at the London Tavern* 

' • ' - That 



^$hiPf^lfhciifSditdfCmlh0i tit 

"tlmtkeKimgi Lords^ Md€ooiMMli!SofBi»g(t*4w«r^6itlkrieiBift 
in their doty to the fbte, or indifferent about k i that all the tirtod 
aad pttklic Ipit^ hi tMfc nation hadyjuwiW iikH into the London 
Tave? d ; and riiat nolhttiff coold fave Britain and America^ hnt i 
bttJ4^Usihmti that.fHrcd fpriti^; are fneh abford and iMghabltf 
€if6Uiiiflanc«S0 that n^ Mt or nation eaii farniih a precedent lb faper* 
h^^m\y ridicnIiM» atid >mk !* 

What wilt ap|>e*r td aggray^te this ilitonfiderate ^aiit of 
twlHic tAtttej t«^ that on a fobftqutrtt inquiry into the ttvA 
ftate of the treafary of the cdbnyi it Was found to 1>e fo low, 
that th^ Cbuncif (oi* tTppe'r Houfe) thought it ncc'eflary to ad- 
drefs the Governor to call in 5O1600L currency, to keep the 
tieafury in a coux(V. of (^rculauoj^ j and it gav^ rjfe to fom^ 
violtpt eoniefls. with ^e Houfe of ASkm\Ayi tot wbidi we mud 
Rfer tathedttail. 

Our Avthor the» prooeeds lo gir« at ttow of #^ fortB of 
€Olmy ^6ta'AthfcnV This form eorre<]^d!ng' *W{th that tri 
Britafn, he conde^n^ the above gprint, on t^t maxim that lu^ 
aA of arif one of the diree eftatcs, h fit kgi^tive iiithority^ 
'Withotkt ^e regular and formal concurrence .'of the other two« 
T^e foHowin^ pb^rvations appeair to deicr^e matuf e confide-^ 
ration: 

! *, The eftabiililffhep^ ^f pro^incia} CaaocHs in the^it preieiit ibrm^ 
l;a^ till lately ,^ gplvejiv ^iiKi^tioa .bot^ *lio the CrowK and People^ 
^ t\^ Wfiolmm ^ieh hai been fUrred fbtf fev^sat years fA% U 
04«iag (• feiMfalooratioils which tiint has nr^noiA; the moft nate-> 
mi of H(hi^ is the encreaie of lh« Peopie^t Reprefentatives in Ge^ 
i^cral Affijpiblyt wjicr^y the dni equi^^ji in a grt^t meafiire loft^ 
flind the weight. ^ power centers with: the People^ Likt. M^fet will in 
1^ countneft ^oivtf^UH^.tfi^ ; and whenever that niot siqailitanuln 
which tjbiQ diff<|iett( bifanche9 of the coAditiKaOn art intended tp pft'' 
ferve».is loi|» by an aceefion of too.mueh power t9 either branchy 
t|ie one will of a>iirf<i jfivaUow opt the other. Thus it happened this 
laH century s whctf th0 ConsiSAns had refolded upon the dowafidl of 
MoaarchXf ihey likewife v«ie<tthe Hatifi rfUpdt w be oieiefs and 
4^uisecoiM« 

< The colony (offers in no refpea by the twofbid eharaaeir of ft 
Coaoieil i bai if » Privy Ceanoilwere to be firmed promifenoufly 
from the Members of bith ifoofes, this would wealten the weight oS 
the Crown, 9^4 S(d4 gxeafly to the fcale of the People, whkh ftawb 
i0 need of no addition^ But* in my apprehenfion, ic k6mi aWb- 
lutely neoelTary thai the numbers of the Council (hoald be encreaied p 
and for this pl^iA ai(cl obvious reafttn, Becaufe a body of Twenty- 
four CocmrellorSy for inftance, appointed by the King from the firit 
rank of the People, moft diftiogoiChed for their wealth, merits, and* 
ability^ Wbald^ be a means of diffufing a confiderable influcfnce througJi 
every order of ^erfons in the community, which muft extend very far 
and wide, by' itfeans of their particular connedlion^ ; whereas a CouA« 
cB of Twelve^ feveraf of whom are always aUent, can have little 

P a weight, 



11 a Ctnjidiraiittii on an$iH Ptiitiad Tranfailwu^ (^c. 

« eight, nor oan their voion be heard amidft the clamour lof/r/tr^f/' 

< I think this bodyi adlag Ifl^atively^ poght to be made indc- 

1>c»4eftt, by hpldii^.d^A; itati^ dawg th« wrm of their oaludli 
ivesi and determinable only op that event, or on their, intire ^par- 
turefrom the pi evince. But the fan^e peribn might neverthcJeTfir 
for proper cau if, be difplaced from his feat in Council; which rcr 
gnlation would, hi a great meafti re, operate as a cheek to an ^bitrary 
Governor, who would be cautious how he raiied a powerful enemy in 
the Upper tlQUfe by a rafh reihoval ; at the fame time that the power 
of removal would keep the Member within proper bounds. The life- 
tenure of his legiHative capacity would likeWife fufficiently fecare 
that indtpindeniy which is fb ueceiTary to this fiitiony and (6 agreeable 
to the conditUtlon of the Paraii^tate. 1 knOw Tome folks will raife 
both (crtiple^ and fears ; but for -my o«(m pare» 4 think withpot much 
reafon : for if we attend to the workings of homaii nature, we (haH 
find* that a certain degfee of attachment commosly artfes to the fomi* 
tain from wh^ce an independent honour flows* Oppofttioii foldoab 
fettles upon the perfons whp are raifed to dignity by £&FOur of the 
, Crown, it having fo much the appe^ance ofTngnuitude» one of tlie 
mod detef.ed vices; and it ev6r a^s 2i faikt ^lAUn^d part, nil a 
defcent or two are paft, and the authof of the elevation ia extin^ 
From this reafon in g it feenrs tolerably clear to ore, that the Legiffa- 
tor bebg for life, and deriving his confequcnce from the Crown»^ 
will rather iiicline to tbut Jilfik ; and it is not phi^ble that hit op* 
pofition could in any inftanct hn^mncfrwt or /kSims\ inafnrach as^ 
though hisr Kfo-eftate is fecure, he would not wSft nnneceflarilyio 
fxcite the reienuaent of fhe Citwvn, or ejtdtide bis ikfoendanls Or 
connections, ^haps, from fuccteding ^fterwtrd^ id foch a po(lef 
honour and diiUndion in -their nadm country : in ihbrr, thn idea 
feems to admit fuch a ^alifitdJipitHlfntx^ aa willattaeh the perte to 
the fide of the Crown m that proportion' luhich' the cenftitooon itfelf 
allows, and yet fo much rW Mipendtncy^ as will make him foperlor 
to a^s of ineannefs, fervility, and opprcffion. ' Whether thefe (en-- 
dments are well founded, or not, Ifufomit to the impartial judgment 
of my reader ; what ( principally mean to infer \t\ that the happi- 
nefs of thefe colonies much QepHbrnls upon a due hUnding or mixUtrt 
of power and dependence, and in preierving a proper &b(n?dination 
of rank and civil' difcipline, 

* Some fow diftindliois it might be proper to annex to this fitaa^ 
tion, as an inducement to men of. family and fortune w accept the 
trnft ; for, in its prefent impotem ftate, it is a ceal boiden ; and as 
being overborne by the force of numbers in the Lower Houfe, is ren- 
dered obnoxious to the People, and oppreflive to the Party.* 

The detached pafiagcs from this flirevird and difpaffionate 
examination into the internal difpuics of the colony of South 
Carolina, would have appeared to greater adva/itage, had it been 
in our power to have enlarged the extraSs : thofe of our Readers, 
however, who may, from thefe outlines, be inclined to procure 
the pamphlet, will have no caufe to regret the time fpent in 
perufmg it. ^ 

Art. 



T "3 y 

AnT. XII. Ljrit P^mSf 4liV9thmd tmd imnd. By ThetMr Stott. 
8vo^ 3 s« 6<L Bi»rlr>a«df 1^73* 

WE hive frequtntly commended the pdetical and critical 
produdions of this ingenious Wriccr :— ^/ee particu- 
Urly our accounts of hi^'veriion of the Tahle.sf&bes^ Review, 
vol. xi. p. 502 5 and tif his TranflaiknofJpby-mtbStemarki^ &c. 
Rev. vol. xlvi. p. 374, &c* 

Of the prefent publicatioo, which cOTtatni a < poetical fyr*- 
tem of piety and nK>rak/ w^ have the foUowiAg account^ in 
the Author's preface; • 

* The work opens with iianiral>reUgieo. Theitce it proceeds to 
the miffion of jefus Cbfift» his fafferlngs, his exaltation, and the 
propagation of his doctrine. Next is the call to repentance, the na« 
tare and Ueflednefs of aChriflian life, and the entrance into it. 
Thefe topics are fucceeded by the various branches of devotion : after 
which are ranked the moral duties perfonal and focia), the happy 
end of a fincere Chriftian, and the coming of Jefus Chrlft to fiai/h 
his mediatorial kingdom by the general judgment. The whold is 
dofed with a deicripcion of the illuftrious times, when, by means of 
the evfdafting gofpeU thi north ^tdl he fnU •/ tht kMwoUdge •/ tU 
Lmd 4U ihi ntMUrt cr9€ir tht fia% 

* The novelty of fuch a plan, in verfe, will, perhaps*' be a recom^ 
.neadation of it: if»- however, verfe be thought too light and fnper- 

ficial for religious inftrudlion, let the' royal pfalmift Hand forth and' 
wipe o£r the reproach. 

* That thefe poems nugfat not pall the ear, variety of metre was 
adopted x and tnat they mrght fatisfy the nnderftanding, great care 
has been em pl o yed to dedace the f e ntim e n ts from icfiptnre, rethn, 
or experience. The foiptare ienttments are marked with reference 
lauers; and the.eorvefpondin| texts aopear in the bottom margin.' 

The ioUowiiig ihon fpecunen wiU reflcd no difgrace on pur 
mifcellany: 

faoaiTY ; «r, htipitf tonu^tts J^p 

. As die limpid ftream,. which flows ' 

O'er a bed of golden fand. 
All its fhining ti^fure ihows. 
Tempting the beholder's hand $ 

^ S^ the honefl: heart is (hen> 
In the .mild expanded^ eye. 
In the open generoas mien 
Of the man of probi^f 

In the honeft heart abide. 

Truth with undeluding tongue. 
Faith that never warp^ afide, 

Thoughu which never mean a wrqni^ 

Who, foch treafure to poflefs. 

Feels not friendihip*s warm defire f 
Who the.friendihip will not blefs 

Clowitig' with lb pure a fire ? 

P3 I* 



>t4 *** 7^*^ t^dytiUtytf Penal Lam 

In th«t ever tmftf breaft» 

1 widi ^WMentb rqMias ^^ -i 

Secitl ae<lieWiife^<reft| • ^ » 

AU my^tiinftq^ All niF'VirDff* 

Bvt ates ! -wrhtt lieppy'dime 

li for men of track rtiiowii'4 f • 
'Wmtb, tttaUckewalkf of Tinwy .... . . 

Wit the precious bleffiogftund^ ... 

^ FAlfe tnd felEfc, ev'iy one 

^ceki hit brother to deocive I i " 

Falie the rmile, and £dfe the graas. 
They are cheaied who Miort. . 

God of truth, the lying phrafe. 

Of dilTemblin^ Ups, to thee 
H^tcfbt if ; tboo lov'ft the w»yi 

Of the man of probity. 

We have not feleAed the foreg^nng piece, m one of the boft^ 
or the worft, in the book. It is taken, ve BMght ali^gA fay, » 
random ; and will be found, we appfehoad, co be a very Im>* 
n6St Specimen. The poems are one hundred and fodr in -niN»- 
bcr ; and they all manifcft the ardent f tety and 4audali)e kcs4 rf 
the Writer. 

With refpefi to the merit of Mr. Scott's poetry, after the 
various fpecimens which we haVe given of bis prodg^ions, <in 
this and former occafions, it would be impertinent in crtiioifia 
tp interfere between the Authoir and hia dificeroUig Read[ei«« 

i^RT. XIIL Thijuftice and Utility of Penal La<ws for the DireBUa 
tfCwfcm^e^ examined \ in Reference to the IMflfeoters fate AnpTi- 
eatiott to Parliament : Addrfeilbd to a Member «f the Hptifc of 
Commons. 8vo. as. Dilly. 1774. 

A French biftorian ♦ has recorded a fbort ftbry of Chilperic 
/t^ King df France, which is very pertincntiy recited by the 
Writer of this pamphlet, in the following tesnner : * When a* 
certain Jew could not be perfu'aded to receive the Chriftian faith, 
Chilperic ordered him into cuftody^ that fince htrould xxaxnuAe 
him believe with a willing mind, he might at leaft frm bim U 
believe againp his wilU* Such a hSt nay fer v e wi(h the plain 
and unbiafled mind, inftead'of ^'hundred arguments, againft 
every kind of perfecution. *The palpable abfurdity as well as 
iniquity of the attempt muft furejy ftrikc every reader. It is, 
on Dr. Bcattie*s principle, an appeal to comnjion fimfe, whtdi» 
if not perplexed and overawed by prejudice, chicanery, and bi- 
gotry, will immediately declare itfelf m favour of Jiumanity and 
liberty. • ' \ 

, L-: — : — : , . ■ ' ■ , . . I ■ 

• Qre^. TuroHenJts, lib, yi. fta, 17. 



for^tb^ DirsSkff^ Cd^ciigce^ ixamm^. %i^ 

Our Kq^^ yy\\ rujppofe that the Author. 9fi)ifej|irarlc btforr 
u» is averTe C9 penial laws ui,iSiUtGrs.^f..cpniciexipe. tie mod 
cert^nly is ia^ q^pt 10 the c^e Af Pafifis, iogie of whole 
prindpks Have beeq pcoveil by. £a&..to he dcArudive of thp 
peace and order of fgcietyy^dtbexefipre they agj^e^i>eceiraril7 
to require ibfie kiod of n^amt from ibc civil mj^ittrate. The 
book is divided into ieveral fediooey in which ix i#* (bewh tha( 
penal laws for the dire£^ion of confcience in nutters of religion 
are inconfiftem with the natural and perfgnal rights of mern 
.with the nature of moral obligations with.tb^ common princi- 
ples of virtuous f(i^ty^ and the mutual rights of its members ; 
that they are contrary to the very end a(nd design of all juft 
government^ and to the real intereft of every commonwealth ; 
are i^confifiient with the de£gn of all pimUbmciU whatever, 
and with ^th^ J?^.^ture and defign of the gofpel c from all which 
it is ififerred/in the fev^nth (e^ioa> that, 00 human laws jc9J^ 
ever (et afvde our oliligstions to,Qod and o^s own po^Tciences. . - 

In the intro^u£iary addrefs to this rreatife we a^e told^ as g 
leafon for its puhli^ati^n^ that, among the many modern pcrr 
/ofmagces. in favour of .jeUgi9us toleration, ' this Writer ha^ 
iecn notbing «in a jg^J^Jf^ ^3^^ ^ual plan y each author, he lays» 
confults only j(he advantage and protcdionof bis own particular 
kiSt or P^ty, without providing any relief for thoie who can^ 
not obuin melter under his p^nrn favourite fcheme/ . Ifthis re*- 
ili:£lion be juft, it is diihonou^able to our advocates igx religious 
ireedom ; if it is uujuft, the- difgrace retorts on the preient Au«> 
thor. His cenfuxe payvhowcver arifc; from a miftakcn view of 
the defigns and attempts of his fellowlabourers in this caufe i 
»qd be ref^s 4tQ a partip^lar circumftanc^ in a late application 
to go)ccrnn^n^ ^^ich we ihall juft ipention in the conduAou 
of tbb article* How well he, pleads^in behalf of religious free* 
fiom w:l11 appear fk9m a few Jdipf t eicUa^s. 

V/bea,, jin jA^ third ie£tion, .^e f:iidcavours,to fliev thai pe^ 
iial laws are incooiiftc^t with the comna^n prindples of vir- 
tuous fociety and the. mutual righu C|f men, amo^gptber obfer* 
vations we have the following : 

< If there.are certain natural and neribnal rights which I cai| 
sux more feparate from . my qwn exigence, than I can annihi^ 
Ute myfeli^ it, muft beJ(hus alfo with re^d to other men 3 or 
elie they. would not be of the iamp kind with myfelf. If J 
x>ught upt. to be^cnied the irce.uCB of reaCao, nor excluded Iroa^ 
.the right of private ju^gg^pt^, nqr hindered from followii^g thp 
jd.iAa^s of confi;;iex)ce>, heK^a^ ipy well-being, the integrity 
^nd peace of my mind, are all at ftaJce ; why then ihould others 
be refufed thefe advantages ? Are nqt tbefe privileges of as mu^h 
imporuncc to them as to me ? Is it not their boiinefs to purfue 

P4 their 



Ii6 7%r Juflki and XJti&tj rfPitmt Lam 

their owli welfare as well as it can be mine ? Oui Hiey be faapfiy 
without the enjoyment of thefe (acred rights, any more tfaaH 
mjkMl And have thej not an equal r^hc whh «ie,' to p«rfue 
their own bapptnefs i Is there a fenator, is there a noUeotan^ 
is there a prelate, who would not confidef it as a great hard* 
Ihipy to be laid under obligations of violating his own Coo- 
(cicnce, of adding contrary to his own judgment, and to what 
ilfo he thought his own intereft ? And muft not th» burthen 
be as ^reat and as unreafonable too when it falls on other mtn ? 
All ranks, in >every flate, have an equal right to the oomtmui 
privileges of human nature. This is a trudi fo obvious, that 
no fober perfon will ever once call it in queftibn. How dieii 
can it be reconciled with the priitciples of foctety and of nnitoal 
juftice, that numbers fhould be expofed to cruel putriflnneDtf^ 
tecaufe fhey will not become di(hone(l and break through the 
iblemn ties of their own reafon and confcience ? If any one 
* eould be found, who Ihould (erioufly vindicate fuch meahirea, 
and reprcfent the continuance of fuch laws, as jiift and vir- 
tuous in any government, I would fay of him, in the buigos^ 
of a great and wife fenator,. <* that he' is mad, becanfe he pil- 
tifies ,the deftrudion of laws and of liberty, and efteems the 
infamous and deteftable fubverfion pf thefe bleffifigs as a gIo«> 
ripus atchievement f ." For no man in the proper exerctfe of 
his reafon, could ever talk and ad |n fuch an unreafonabie matt* 
fier ; nc r out^ht he to be confidered as a proper fubjed erther 
of law and juftice, or of civil government, who ha* no other 
ideas, bu^ fuch as would deftrpy all \w9f aifd juftice^ andjodety 
among the human fpecies/ 

In the fourth fe^ion, fpeal^Ing of human lawa as fubverfive 
of iuft government, and the real intereft of every common" 
wealth, he thus argties i^ Such meafures are naturally calcu- 
lated to diflplve the ftrongeft bonds of fociety, and to break 
through all thofd folemii obligations whtph are' fo eflential for 
the prefcrvation and well-being of every ftatc. For when once 
men have been forced tp difregard the voice of confidence, an^ 
to do what they believe unjuft, then the, principles of a virtnoui 
conduct are fet afide ; religion is pierced with a mortal wound i 
the reins arc given to every fpccies of vice and comiptbn ; flie 
love of the public and the dcfirc of thccommon good wtll be 
extinguifhed j nor can it be cxpefted that theyfliould be faith- 
ful io others, who arc become treacherous to thcmfelvcs.' And 
moreover, if the governors of any ftate will oblige th^r foKefif 
either to become diflioheft, or tp iren^m expofed to heavy pc- 



t JulL dc pific Ub. iii. fcft. 21. ** ' * 

Wltjc^ 



J 



f^ thi DitiShn of Q»ifjcign€e^ ixamnid. 217 

luWt$ and bse without proteftjon ; tbe fubjeAs', in this cafc^ 
will natun^y fuppc^fe thai Integrity and viftile ixt pb rccoip- 
mendstion to their iiXptAoti^ and that they Me relcsiG^ iVom all 
oUigattbns of a moral kind, if they do bu^ comply with' tho 
will of their rulers, t dare not mention the fatal confe^entes . 
of fuch thoughts ; they are too obvious. ' Or If the gbverhora \* 
of any ftatc will fecure the rights of confcience and the divine ' 
liberty of reaibning and judging only to themfelves and particu- 
Jar f)ieiida«\ while they deny tbefe (acred privileges to tne reil, 
they dain'fffeiQ'difiatve the moft engaging bonds of human na* 
ttire, and put ofh end to the common fociety of niankind \ 
f^ firblcit bebg deAroyed, beneficence, liberality; kindnefs, and 
jufliee nraft utterly periih, AndTuch ^s take away the founda- 
tion trf thcfc virtues, arc properly charged with rmpiety towards 
the divine nature j b^caufe they fubvdrt (he bafis of that fociety, 
which was eftablifhcd by the Deity hitnfelf." For thefe rca- 
fons, no ^ik legiflature will ever invade the rights of confcience ; 
t:teca^e whm that is done, their office becomes vain; fuch 
mcafiarea of prefervation are the greateft ruin that can happen to 
any fiate. That government, which makes attempts of this 
kind on the iiibje£^, may be juftly compared to a madman, who 
wilhee to tear optn his own bowels, that he may fee bow he is 
made within, and examine what it is that keep^ the body to- 
gether, and whether he canilot fntroduce itron;;er ties for the 
union and prefervation of every Jimb, than the ^uthor of Na^ 
ture has done/ 

In the eighth fediop our Author examines, ^nd confequently 
condemnSf , the ufe of penal laws, in this nation^ ena£ied merely 
/or the dke^on of confcience.' He argues in favour of the Non- 
conforoiifts, with moderation, ftrength, and fpirit : but when 
the bte bill imetided for their relief falls under his review, he 
js» we think, rather 'harfh on Chofe gentlethen to whom the 
inanagement of this bill was mor^ direflly committed, or who 
werie otherwife concerned in its defence. Jt is certainly de- 
iiraUe and reafonable that the relief propofed fbould compre* 
hcnd the whole body of DjiTenters, and to them all^ we doul^t 
not» it waa ^ipprehefided thi^ relief wouM extend, on the plan 
then laid down. If that plan appears to be infufficient, we 
^eartiiy wi(b fome other more acceptable method may be dif-* 
poveitd; and, if the application is renewed, attended with 
greater fuccefs: but we «p|)rfcliend'thcDiffenters ought, front 
-a regard ta their own honour and peace, to be cautious ho^ 
itbey raife ol^edions, or pertinacioufly excise anv cppofitioi)^ 
^ro^ p^rty paoliycs% aqionj tl^emfelvcs. 

f . fylpNTHLy 



MO NTMhY CATALOGUE, 

For M A R C H, 1774. 

MiSCELtAKXOUS. 

Art. 14; Rational Se^*L9V€\ or^ a phibfipbUal and moral fiffif 
§H tifi natural PrinafUs •/ Happintft and Vittvg : With Rbflediois 
pn the varioas SyAexns of Philolbpher99 ancieqt ^d modcra, cm 
thiaSubje^. By L— — N— . 8vo^ «s. Gtifio. 1773. 

SELF-LOVE, ft9 oqr Author has defiaed it, is ' aor rnUmai fpnag 
of aidion» .which puts all human satarc in motioOy and, accofd- 
ing tp ihe difierenc direftioait nccvrcs frooi the five dcteanrin>yi<w 
oToor will, hecomfs ocofioimUy ^ ioftfi»iDeat oig^od-fmd $vd, 
and of ivhat we truhr call wrtm vA^^ce* Of ^rtoi^ »hesi duofied 
to the ^ttjunmcnt of all the ftod which/ in Cuch circumita<icc«» w^ 
be attained ; and ofvice^ when diverted from the profecutioa of th»c 
greater good» to purfuits of a meaner fort, zxiii /ub<uerfi't^t of that 
better end. This is the true philofopbical idea of fty-lo-ue.* He 
traces this principle to its origin in ihzt /enj96ility^ or capacity of ^«ra 
and pUaJurt^ with which httmaR nature is evident!/ endued ; and il- 
Inftrates the nature and extent of its operation on ind«vidaal», eo 
tb: pra^Uce of ^ial virtne* and on all the JKitural and adTcmiuoas 
reljuions of li^ ; and he, then vindicates thia reafoning ft^m the i«- 
^eftions of Shafteibufy and others of the inodtrn Flaf^tifir^ 

The Writer's digrcffions, in difplaying the wiidcun and goodaeA 
of Providence, and manifelUng the importance of virtue to both oor 
prefent and future welfare, with his remarks on the feotimenu of 
modem writers, in refpedl to the intrcdu&ion and prevalence of evil, 
and on the various fyilems^of infidelity that have |;>een adopted either 
an former or later timesi — are pertinent and judicious. This eflay 
^ay be confidered as a kind ofc§mmeMta9y op thoie lines of Mr. Pope, 
^hich our Author hat adopted fior his motto* and which ase iiaorally 
4kp 4$M or groMnd-work pf hia performance i. . 

**• Sgif'Uvi and Rdofru to ^ne ^nd afpiM f 
j^ain their averiipn« Pieafiire their dciire : . 
But ^eedy That its obje^ would devour.; 
This taHe the honey» and not wound the flower : 
PUafiirf^ or wrong, or rightly underftood. 
Our greatefl tvily otx>xu greatefl gudJ* EJky on giaa. 
Art. 15. htr9du&ion to the School of Sbakijpeare ; held on Wcd- 
nt^^y Evenings, in the Apollo, at the Devil Tavern, Tenip1e»bar« 
To which is added, a Retort Coqrtcovs on the Critics, as^ddi- 
vered at the iecond and third Lcftvaes. %vo. 1 s. bold by aii 
the Booki^Der^, ^* • . > 

We cannot better explain the difiga of Dr. Kepricjt'^ Le^hmv, ^ 
of this introduction to theia« dum by infrrtiag pa^t.^f hia a^er- 
tifement: 

* Dr. Kenrick having advifedly deferred the printing of his e^tiw 
of Shakefpeare till that of Mr. Steevent' appeared, the eq>ediency of 
carrying his work into immediate execution is fo much abated, hj 
the labours of that CoQimentator, and the contributions of his eor- 

re^lHHidem^ 



XtftopAffllls .tktit itf iotaidcd pid>Kcaiiaa Jb, Bv the prefcftt> 1^ 

lL£4e, T^ afpe»r«K:es -bow«r^« of s mOiiltMd playlmi^ €opy» 

^^iLod^ xb^ fH^>pi4|^ pf ^hc Mak Ao«it«» &#» wlwTe «lb£^ yeocration 

*|or Sbakrocarc roenier things, migbc havt i»ea exposed* htt not •nl/ 

alarmed the poet's admirers m^eormU .hoc fnggefted that £ime per- 

4inei^obihrv^oiM on his Wfi(i4i9i iMghc be nov oppoftuaely <U>m- 

'ii)qni(;a(fd.ta«the Public in ^^sAorr eMenaiMQ^ inedMod. 'S>i^ K. de- 

£foas of rf^^mng. by cteffrikft jntaA«» the obHgatipas he lioamc* 

.^ (o ^i« iiib&riberi^ ba& tkerefete adapted «he Aigg^fted .expedieat 

Oif d4ivep9g 6>ine part of hif fommefifti wilJ^ ih^ aai^^^p^ftdcat paits 

'of ilie text^ in public Lednret. 

* Ue-^W; encfixed^ indeed, iha VMM j^adilyjalt thHdefigay as 

^erq ^e a n^UDbec of paflages 19 dcamatic Mruterat partiprtarix m 

J^aib:fpeace, which cannot be fuo^eik&iUy^qi^Mtlsci withofK the aid 

„^.<]j;cla^iuuiQn. As to the title^ which^he iia^ {tffp 99^int^ perhaps) 

prcrum^d to give this attei)»ps ; Jtbe PnbUc may leineaher thc^ were 

^promifed, many years ago^ the fpeedj pnJbjI^tiQ^ of a w<yky «o. be 

j^atided A Sc^oot of SttA&M?£AaE y bat^ as 1^ 'pf^r&uiMaGe has 

Ao^ yet appea^» and wiH no^f probably n^er oiake its appcara9ica» 

jthe Lc^rer thiiiJ^s no- farther 4i|K2k>gy Jie^efiary4 ^ra^q^ing a ii4e 

Sfi well adapted ^0 his deiiga/ . 

The ImraduaUn \i written in the general, nas^^er 9f th^ Aa^l^-; 

ipidted and ingenious. T,he RMi§n c§mU9m ^ tU Opitks^ inay be 

very property |ieppered and falted for thoie whofe^ only on news- 

jpAj^a; Jittl W' ^^^ vicxy ixM it will not fuit the tafie of tbo(e tp 

^iQiA.pV. J^cfirick woi4d wiih principally to rea^wiCBd himfeU^ 

^ithf^r at fia& le^ures, or by his writings* 

. , Ffinfif luu^ifgi^^ 3y }fiA^m of whidi» atid withOMt aay» or very 
£ttle Help, thofe that defire to read, write, and fpeak French cor* 
xe^y, mi^f iji a 4wi^ Ti«Ei^, pevi:ftithemfe)v«s in the Knowledge 
. tbef^o^. Inrifihed witb<a Vane ty of carious and ufefal Tabkai to 
afiiil che>f^o^, an4 ^^P«^« the JU^raer'^Frosff 6» vi«^ i» A 
>TabIe Oiewing the French Pronnaai^tiop)' by aa; AftnUaga of 
Letters, denoting iimrla? ^oaiidt-in iUiglifh* iU A Table exhibit- 
ing a:t 9ne View the^difia^WBiC; Af'i^l^^*^ ^ ^^ UA. >IU« ATv 
ble of the Genders of Sub^ntive^ and Adjedivei.. IV. Jl Tajble 
of the Formation of the* Plurals of Suftantives and Adje^^V^* 
, \\ Tables, for findingf iaaNSomeat, all the.Moods, Tenfes, Per- 
ionsr Pafiiciples and Gerunds of all r^^ular Verbs. VI. A Tabl^ 
. to Ipp^ and find all the irregular V^s. .And more plain aa4 
eaiy Ruks than any French Granusar hitlicfto pabliihed* To 
iwh^ch is a,44cdf laniiliar Phraies and Dialogues, reduced ta the 
, £Qgll(h.Pron;unciation, for the £a(e and Pcattice of thoi Learner* 
$y V^Ji P^ion', .^uthor of ^eEion^aXi o&theSngliihL^guage, 
^ Mm^ 4 s. , JohiUbn, ^ :*773* • ' : . 

' Mr^ Peyton's xoc^hcd pf teaching the French ^nonunciadon by the 
l^ipbipaupn of l^tffs exprc^injpf S^lar f^und^ \^ Eaglidh may be 
4Af conyfnblfufe la tt;^ ear of the leaner,, luit it naken the lan- 
^ag^.app^af v^^vj^wvi to ^he pjie; it looks like Chc^ol^e?, o|r 

.,, Art, 



^n MoiiTiav Catalogue, AS/aBmumi 

An. 17. 4 MtwCbrm^kgM r^k oXxusmhM^'ZmtAM^ iM^ 

tMig».Df l^aratd)M<ftc the WMe tcomprehenda^ m-one^iev, 
ibfibMlxfiyorQfitlifiesof geoet^HiilctfvAoai tkeOvcmtioB to 
tbe fnvlbiit Timeu Foliow ifc -Knox. 1774. ' ' 
This Tjd>te.belog».priiite«l tm a Woftdfidci is fit.fbr ^wihi^, » 
order t9 hang up in 4fldmM4-fislHK)l#w It i« alfb -Mi^ bosiid sp 
wkh-die.lill ^editioQ of OmhtieV OeogiitpMcal Gnunfbar. * 
AfC 18* Mtucimfnr pb^ing ib$ Game dfH^iJii wilb all necd^ 
ftjy CtlcolatkMM^ aid Laws of dK Game. simo. s a. 'Pftyac 
1773. 

VoiyvfeiU ^ learners of tlie game, whh tiie befp of-^ good 
namoiy I widiovt whidi no one ihould attempt to vkKf-^z wUIL 
Art. 19. y*/ Art i/JeUtig j «r, an Bffaj on ffitticifini fn the 
Manner of Mr. fep^$ Eilky onCrhiciini : With proper Exampki 
eo die rifiUeilnlcs. To wblcir h added^ the Lawa of Laoghiag, 
ftc% tzvao. IS. DevmeUe. - 

JH ebfety following tlie ^ay on Criddfin, this ^ Comis'a 'il|iiire 
frequently fklU into ^ofs improprieties, for want of daring to ten- 
tace-a ftep wicboat kis gnidr. • Thus where Pope fays. 

** Whoever thinks a faultleis piece to fte^*^ * 
the %|«ire of Comas hah not to tell trs that 

* Whoever' thinks a fsttldefs^ to iiear. 
Thinks what ne'er was» nor is, nor (ball appear.^ 

Which is abfitrd enough, and fiiUin the teeth of hts own reoiark. 
bat taro or. diree pages .before, on a jeft of King Joho'sy wlacb ha 
praifes for its good fenie, poHtenefs, humanity, amd delicacy ; wbicb 
all combine to make it BxcBLLiifTft«--if all Aefe good prop citi e s 
are really to be foand in the royal imt mof^ whereia 4oes its lapcr- 
le€lioa confift ? 

Snfajoiaed to the parody on Mr. Pope's ex cell ent poem, are the 
L€nM •/ Laugbh^ ; tcmttor with fbme very fbber terfes on jKikia^ : 
to^all which (we laclode the whole perfbrasance) oae^f the Aotbor't 
own lines may be jaily applied : 

* The jcfter is the greateft jeft of alt.' 

Art« ao. Opinions concerning the VmW^j rf Oxford^ and Smifir^ 
Hon H the Thirty^nino j&ihiet, 9y a Clergyman, ^to. i a* 
Evans. 1774. 

As this d^gman writes with a kind of pbroiibilitrf and -baa Iboie* 
irbat agreeable in his ftyle and manner, there may be danger left bii 
readers ftionld be mified, Thoie who enter into the fnbjeft will per« 
ceive tluit his realbniugis vagne and infufficient , he lomeiliuea iias 
recouHe to raillery; bot though he appears very confident in die 
ilrengtk of his argument, he cannot furdy imi^^ine that in poifit of 
truth, whatever may be tbe cafe as^ to intereft, he is tm die r^kt fi^ 
of the queftfon. He (Iocs not, as might be expeded in a QiriftiaB 
divine, ta)ce anv gneat notice of the fcriptores,— the rules of the 
Church of Engiand, as iy Umo efiahlijhed^ feem to be with him aa 
higher ahthorzty. A love for the Oxford nniVerfity heapprdhcads 
to l>e a very momentous principle r it may be qoettoned whether the 
\vi^t and fUtuces of that univeruty are not, in his view at ieafl, eqoalfy 

fanonal 



ittteal ittd teforMiit wick' tbUe of tin fi^j^r T^Aameiit^ • Wkm 
tiib poiiie Oxford gentkoNM fpMks of the m$iejhv^u9fii as lic^tormt 
k» o(tb«.^^8cMirM*, ko aclfb^ that'' llieir fch«to« i« iotlihig le^tiriui 
adiK&antoi^c to niti«diic0 PopBiy I oAlytchisf ^i%tiifeLoidpieler 
in Jack*! coat, thinklK by tbit iiuim8owa<«o gaia *him die fkvoof^f 
^ rabfalcb' Hur i>ii&tttert ioaB our eftabliflitd oh^cdr baMre like* 
"mlk theboaoar of a few ftriaui«i frou tiiia Atttlior^i pen : * for ni^ 
•aro part, fi^ be* 1 jatsJk oaofeft chat fomctfaiag of-tiltMleneeiilNpifayr 
ftet Ml dU ttakin^ op liif •i^ea of a Ditfntor/ Our iagaciobs dsr* 
gyaMw ibrgocs tbot the cborcb of Roioe in imiawbftt of the lame 
aa&ner anair u^ their idea of a Proteftant reformer. 

Tboagrb tbi^ paoiphhsi is of no great weighcin point of atgoBKit, 
and aMqr* tm foaie accoaau, deleive the reiott tcurtmu of lidicttlty' 
it it not fHuiU/ deftitflite of tagenoity. 

Aif.ar. ^biP^HN PriC0fi9f% *er, imfnving AArwU/l : Goii(M-' 
iDg^ a cthoiee Coliediott'Of Heiatioasv VJfioosi^ Allegories, ikai 
moral Effayis, feleded from th^ moft 'eminent iiagltfii Author.' 
CoanpiM ^ the Re()aeil of a noble Lad)r,'Mi(i'4efigned for the 
Uib of Schools. lamo.- ^u 6iiag|^.' 1774'. 'i- I 
ColleAions of dus kind are become very commoB» and may bt«o 
riietr vfn. Tbe poptrs here ekofeii -api^e^r, oh the' Wtiote, \^ry well 
itted for the entertainment awd" improi^mei^i lof^ ybotk« Tkej^ 
conM of profe iind poetry»*aM aro4ekded from tki< Speifibtoi^ Goar^ 
dtaa, FemAle^Spcaator^ WorMi PMter, Oecenemy pf Human Lft, 
CiuunBgbam'e and Thomfon*s Works, and feveral of the raagi^ifees* 
Art. ^!^. AbHUr/rcmaJ^kbtii^4^iiiDaygbt9rt, aita Boarditrg* 
-School, raibo. 23. Rol»hibrf. 177^; 
Ir ia- io «afy a; matter for old people to give adyi^je to yonng ofltt^ 
that w^do not wonder to fee bboks of this kind coiitinaafly -mokt-' 
plying; and it each facceeding tKatife were an i'mprovemem epon' 
thofe wMch preceded i^, the piMic vroeid have no reafon to compiain 
oftbo lM f ieafc . - Tkis^ bovverer,* is not, in all refpeAs» the ca(e»* 
wicb re^rd to the Letter before as. Lord HallffaXy Cambray, the 
MarqnisdeiaChetardie, the Marehtonefs de Lambert, 0/horo» Wet->' 
cenball V^lks, Mrs, Chapbne, and others *, have treated this fabjeft 
la ft flsamier faperior to that of the pre^t writer ; particularly with - 
reiped to the article offyh. There ate many good, and pions, and 
pmdendall maxims and precepts in this little volonie, bat the Ao* 
thorns ltsg«age ts not fdffidently engaging- to reOommend his conaiefs 
B> yonnc rea&rs, and ^4W^ them to beeomehis wiHing difctples.' 
Nor is ms ftyle merely defedive becmfe it is uninviting; his die- 

• We do- not rank in this lift Dr. Fordyce*B Sermons to Yonng 
Women» becaofe his plan is fo diffcrentfrom thati>f the other writfchs ; 
bat^ ftt refpea to otility, if we are not miHaken, his performance in« 
doderei^ery thing that is material in ail the others, unlefs we except 
Mra. Cbapone's Letters: oor recommendation x)f which may be'feen 
in the Review for July li^, p. 70.*— We have not taken the liberty of 
itttrodiKing^ the ^mons Con. PhflKps into the above xncndoned gfood 
company;' bnt there are very pretty thzn^ in her Letter to iLord 
(rkellerfield, on Female Educatbn . 

tiOd 



tion if, in iamt pliUm^ tHBcMid^dMirdi.pajftty'thnMifh tii« pboi^alettc! «f 
QOttkcm* id(i<uns» 'mdfMftlf thfooi^Jr dm<»iialit>o? pow9igoei»Aei» 
ek«au k{» «cpm£«air> AtitaMf «o the di^MTf o^ hisk iM^c flia^ 
pb 7^ * A habltof ooBfioeneot ift^i^r bei MUMr «f QNmn^ y«9ti9 
pvople of tkM ramblmif, gsMbg. difpdARal -ndtkk is. {[»^99imuA «» 
then.' P- t&fe. * RelsMbngi. liadonbtii'ts « gfx>d mutk of aa^oififtg 
knowladge'; bivtlmng/exftinptes^iSietf^ F. 57«: ^ A ndcdNHia pfide, 
or av^^fr fe^peA forioiirftlvet^ it olteA happy Mf«r«f p ctf ew iMi g' »• 
fraai doiAg any thiagthat i0^ailworlli]ra'<«-t*^« 44^ f GoaimilaiaattM 
with the Dcat)? htobeca ibanfody^ pBrpitafliadI by foaMU aiii*flMiiteprt« 
rented, or totally denied hyothcnt^-TTfaDfigk^ imm alf llM^««dkienoa 
of whiclt it kcaipaUe^ theiimi^appean a& lie abondai^y: eAaar, ytt, 
te/ P«46t« ^The^ compkia^wicika feiyhttifrati^iif <iiii^ wascaf 
truth, public virtae, and good ondcT' among us^ wha chJaticn by 
thaiii'awi* pniSkke^an- hahttaal cfMnremf t M the nNtAeCMuaik aiicana 
of promoting r^s/^/. Thia lail ift a frovincialmpd^ oC'«n«pia^<lv» fv^^ 
wljkhoaJytheaioftQiegafttof the Itcpcch writers are/r^i fM&Dg- 
li(ti|A4n.^AaU*hivp.fti4»'' thcfevirfM^^jor 'Mhe(»tgQp4«ldar'' «c* 
He woold never h^ya- faffefe4 '(he. plural, ihi^t, tp^ tcimioau ihe 

per>(^« .• » » .1 - ' . ,\ 

. :EUi&UlK^Q«Mthe if^'vAiceto tUs Wrttei wcr« ^er .(q^ti^aoiica 
only of hi^deft^ift point: of hmgwget, (f wi^ aitancVi^hpr to hia 
feaiixn'ei^ lH»^w<ydbwUlLa^faar'ao•8r4ltfar advaMg^ :Tbe.ibAii»^F- 
i pg peffiige i(^igiv« o«ir Readef • a-favmnaUe^piaioa o^ iiis, Bn4er«^ 

' fian^nf:: •• - •.- 

..* Iti^gop4>.ui ;Ui* oaf^Ato tjbiak.ii»berly» bot e^pc^ially/iarali** 
gious matters ; becaufe our^aeal har<tif apt to ba inteif4j»erate» Voor 
^afr vary often e^r in ^Us.point ; ^nd ihnrc fgc a ought, nevf f 4Pt indi^ge 
a zfialottfl concerA^for iafUtutioDS,|pf?i:^Iy human i^leijt^^|)i^y. ihoald- 
coma, a/ciengttw to:{ablUtttte tbea»,in the pUce of religion, iifeif^ and 
make them qf equal importance with: it, Hencjp the rigid ^tttachment 
of many to form« and ufages, and odiefV or4kHin<«c^ of ma#.^ no^ aware 
ihat blind.zeal b^etf kieenp^ef^ haut^s apd ai» anchari|a^ Uifpafi- 
tion; which, in a.bigotted mind, may. encreaie into iuarcenefs and 
cfudty. fiut how opposite ^e*all t^aie taxbftc anildne^ and forbear- 
ance which onght invariably to poilefr a female, brea^ ! . _. 

' In order to encnnrage a moderate tem^r, conAdsr that iht^c, i» 
no^ fach thing a& a perfed chorch in this world ; that, while, men ana 
men» an nnirormity in opinion it ia^>oflible ; that th|sra.aj^ vali^la 
perloDSy perfons ofgieat oaderilanding and integrityj pf evi^rjf Chrif* 
tian denominations. and jlhat, as to the matter in han^, you yonrfelf 
may be wrong;., for. one time or other all of ua are wrong, in fbme 
things* Beiidev is it not repugnant |ox^moaiepifi,,.as,wcU aa.to 
good manners, to judge harlhJy of others, and reprobate wbolc (^ 
cieties, nay whole itates and kingdoms, on account of (bme . trifling 
diiferences merely about the adjttni^» as they are calleii^ of religion ; 
feeing^ in thefe, they have as good a title to difSsr from you„ t^ yon 
have CO differ from them ; and perhaps an equal chance of being ift 
the right ? And pray what is it that makes feme people of on;e per* 
fiiarioq» and fome of another .' Mere accident, juft their iiaving been 
born and bred in the communion of this or the other chorch ; iat 
very few are of any perfuafxon from deliberate ahoice only. For my 

own 



to iee a i«fbhii«tios in foae tkingtt toA vfhm dtnicE do0i not Aairi 
in need of iiif ;Wlini wt jnAi%e otti>folireft in. liot sm} oacluuiuUle 
difpatcsy ahoot donbtfsi and onefiiiMl jKHiits* w^ Joe n^ bcttei tin^l 
cbtidrsd figlicing Id mat wmh Ibr loysiuid trifles.' > 

Iit'tlie-prefatn^ a^rertifeaett to tUsLeitar wt are afikred* that iti 
is really wkat the title-page dedam it ta bei. that it wasvfri^en 
alMNKieveaar e igkt y e ns 'ago^ iiti^ttate ktieniiromthe Author to 
OM'iif faisidatffhtert «t a toardiaeHeko*! $ and that j^ nocher . de- 
fifittf * mhumtltfif inciimliacd^ and pryr If apmwged farthe tife of the' 
reftoftfaeirchiiikeft»tbqrwer» aceordM^ /thrown into their prefenti 
form. Unce-tiiAcv^we act tether isfiiraiedt fevefai of the A^thor'f ^ 
fiieiidsk ptidcolailfr fcaaeof kit.ftflMriiB|iGqttaintanC)B, haviojg feea th^. 
perfbnnaQce» induced the Author to fend .it to die pireis, in the very, 
latKlafclt paitefion that the paUicntiofei m^fM prod^fo the fanegopd 
eflbfts apa»ociM» readerit a^ chejr lud$ themlelve^ experienced ooi' 
pcrafia^ ihetAamricripft. 

Art. « J. 9^^ff^ u tbi Tmtpb efTrtte Hmm ^Fnft^hfth^ 

Patfis oftf^srole Virtnty-wtedipKfieditt the Lhres of tfte moSt ct»m 

nent Perfhns» of both Stsxns^ on die Plan laid dowh hf Sir Williai». 

TVmple, Inhis Sff^of Hefdc Viituew By W. Cooke, A« B. Fd*. 

low of Ne# Coliege ObUboi^ and Chaplain to thie Murqoia U 

TKT^edale. icmo. 4folu raa homd* DwruBeapruMtdi andr 

fold by Dte^ iff London* 177^.* • - . > - 

The lives of th&ancient gods, he^ce, and legiflatoes, are hei* givefr^ 

in ehronok>gieat'^bocefio«« irofn jiaptBBiv Hevaale^^ ^tiimrod, |(o. 

dowfa te^Hfa^dii AwtOrtitiils^ >and <^Mn Zenohia« The neal hiftory 

of i^ih iHafitiouspeHonages if flipped, as mnelt ispoftbk^ of th6. 

fiibdous •circt^mftancet in «duch they have been emwloped s^ dif-^ 

gniied by th* pedis and ptleih of antHiBi^t aad their €Jbara<^i»«nd 

conda^ are-held tip» fot onr emukcion and imttatiop. 

<'Thi9 knowledge of paft feranfiiaietts,' iays the Compiler, ' is not 
^ mere ani«iemeae» bet a neoeflary.andinib'ndive jHodj^-^In genoi^^ 
the real fentiments and d^gna of tbo^we iW among, aodcon^r 
verle ift^thv are lndo((r^Bflv conoealed ; fans in the accoenu of ^r« 
flier ages, the fl£b themielves difclofe 10 qs |he mal views and. 
genoinediifpofifioBt of tiieadors: and the fcunecaa^s will com<^ 
ntonlf produce the like elleds^ By weighing wejjl; thefe truths^ a fiue ' 
refbttree may be obtained in every -dsMdrous eoDJoadore ; and the* 
road whieh leads to faceefs and happi neto diicovs^od.' 

hi order to pteafe the genenltty of r^era, tbe Compiler profcfiea 
that he has made it his bu^nefs so mingle profit with delight, and 
that he has given the leaft codimon and nod entertaining lives that 
could be f^leded from hiHery. * Should theie,' lays he, ' meet with 
alavourabie reception from the pahltc,*they will pave the way to 
others, whieh though of Later date» are yet lefs known* And when 
the plan ob which We profe6 to proceed is once completed, weihonld 
hope, that truth and virtue, dileogaged from (ourneis and auilerlty, 
which are not their natoiral attend an csi may once more gain pofTd*- 
ffoYi of the breafts of tHe hntn«ne and lovely ; and ihame , the vicioua. 
tafte for lying ^d corruptive memoiys in general.* , 

Art« 



^' MoMTflXY Catajloou£, MifiiUonms. ' 

Atu 24. Leitirs, by John Hughes, Efi); and fevcbral oCbar emi' 
neatPeifons dece^fed* Pabtiftied' from tlie Orignui; by Join 
Doncombey M. A. one of the fix P/eachers im Cbiift Cbmchf 
Canterbury. VoL iii. 3 •; Telved* JofanfoD. 
We have already * glVen fo ample an account of 4ie two ibnner 
Tokmes of this coftedion of Letter*, that a ^ery ihort artkle will 
fuffice for the prefent pUblkattoD* 
- The Editor has prefixed to this vblome an acooont of tiie fift aod 
vrlcings of Mr. Hughes* To tfaefe memoirs it &b|oined ^ ntmtftg 
No. 15; By Sir Richard Steele 1 in which paper Sir.RtcMrd took 
•ccafioti to write a ft\y warm encomiom on his dieoeilftd iHttid, the 
author of il^ Sii^ijff DMna/au ; wha^liad the* night bdbre tke pab* 
Ikation of thepaper^ and but a few lioim after t£it celcbraied play 
was i^Mit for the flrf^ time. 

' The letters here printed atediirty-oaetnnnmber; andweiewiictai 
by Mr. Hughes, Mr. Say f » Dr. B^siky, Mr. W. ihiiicomfae» Mr. 
Needier, Sir Richard Steele, Earl Cowper, Aztbbifliop Hettiiig, Mr^ 
Welded, Mr. Straight, (a very witty drnn'a) Biihop Benfeo^ Mc Sa- 
muel RichanHbnr, lord Corhe. Mr. Dyor, and Mr. Hiift (; whofe 
lift letter isolated firom the Cape of Good Hope, ^b4 ^omiis (we 
believe) the laft account that ever earned Europe, of the anlbrtiiaate 
At/aORA, on board of which thaiagflvous writer periibed. . To the 
Letters are added feveral fmail pieces by Mr. Hughes* wiiich weiv 
omitted in the collection of hia works ; . aad a ferther acooaat of 
Mrs. '^^^d^,' grand daoghctor to Olivci- Cromweli. Of this cxtrf 
ordinary wonian, many encertataing pam^lara aroh^ given, bciide 
tbofe which were coataiaed-iB the appmidix to the iecond irolome of 
this colledion, and copied into oar ilfcview for January 1775, ?• 29. 
Art. 25. /fn App€ait§ thi Ptdtity frm, ibi Ju^gmint if a c4nmM 
' lHanagert nmih figm^l Litttrs : arid the Drama of one A^ which 
was rcfofed Reprefentatioa. 8v6. is. Bcw. 17 74. 
A Mr. T. R. as we learn ffoia thia pnblfcadon, having wrktrn a 
force of one a^, eiltitled ' The ^PoHtitian Reformed,' ofered itm 
Mr. Garrick ; #ho civilly exprefled his apprehenfitm that it vmooM 
ndt fucceed in the reprefentation, as the fubjeft had been already 
mofl fuccefsfnlly treated by the author of the lJpbolfifrcr4 This 
tefufal irritated the difappointed Author ; between whom aad the 
manager two or three letters paffed, on tlds important occafioa. 
Thefe letters are here printed; with feme additions, which only 
ferve to evince the arrogance, peevifhnef^, and weaknei^ of the ap- 
pellant: who thus takes his revenge on Mr. Garrick.i— // rgaum 
avov /# bt feen nvbat be 'Will do nnitb tbe Public' 
Art. 26. llje Canterbury Patriot: Or the late Mayor's new 
Mode of defending Liberty, Property, and the Privilege of the 
Prefs : In a Narrative of a Law Suit commenced agaicft Mr.' Wl- 
liam Francis, for the Recovery of Money obtained at Gamiag. 
By Thomas Roch. 8vo. i s. Richardfon and Urqohaxt. 
Companion for a roan who has had the vexation of a lat^figt^ aad 
who appears, ftooi his own account, to have been otherwife i&ojufily 



• bee Review tor January 1773. 

\ vjee Rv'v. above iderrcd co, p. 27, J Ibid. p. 36. 

haraiM 



Monthly CataioouS, i^iBoMus: u$ 

h§ratkd and opprefledy prevents as from treatting this pnblicatioQ^ 

mmly as a CUmUrhry Wt ; lor wc dq ^oc fee \qm the . Aothor can 

expoft dutfthePublfciin general ihould ent^r ipto theoierics of/ucba 

Diece of private hiftorv. We fappp/e i^r. Roch Jias been ifl Ueated ; 

•at we know not wbat Mr. f . and his friend/i, o^ the other ilde, 

my have to oi<^. This Famphlf^t, jjiowevery though not generally 

intcirfiing to the Poblic, wIU iuiyo a ^ryj^ ^Stfy^ /hould it deter 

any, or even bot one perfon. fro^ (hf pernicious andabfurd pradicc 

oli^mfg, which.^ j^w.befiomjs (oDttiyfiXcn^ among us. 

Act. ay,. The^imprcpjud fttmh .(irwnmasr^ ia which, I. tbs Pro* 

j»ineiation.is tDcatedina^dear ^d^conpife Maimer, »the pifficultiet 

• wiiroh tffualiy ftrike Terror into the J^rcqcb Scholar, from th^ 

JProlixity and Arabigiiity ofibonsr M^ods, are /QipQyr<^^» and the 

eafy and exjpeditioaa Attaininc^nt of this e/Tential Article is infuredw 

IL The Pnncijples are laid down in It plain and intelligible Me- 

. .thody^firee from^that infinite Nnniber of ufelefs Qbfervationsy and 

« . Bxc^mons^ with^wbich other frpnfh Grainjuars abound^ apd by 

which the Learner's P/ogrdfris knf^ed. To the whole are added 

, fiuniliar PUiyU^ 6tQii)eit Oial^^s aqd L^ettei's ; i^th Exerci&a 

. for ^c PrcSMjQciatiQny and cm, the Parts of Speech^ .On a pew 

Plan. By John €a0e{le» Teacher of the French in London, i s. ' 

iiariii»«.i77S* ; 
^ For ^Sof^ b^k^thif tit}e-page is vefy long» and, what is more ex« 
traordinary, it is* very trne. . 

Art. a8. J'DrfmJftion ,rf Englfil^ and Wakf. ^ Containing a 
. |»tti|»br.Accoo»tiofjea(th CouA^, with its Antfaiiities. Cuno- 

iities, $itaation. Extent, ClUn^^, Rivers, Lakes, Mineral Waters, 
. .fiolb».PJiuatt hi^'MiAerals, A^iciilture, Civil and £cclc£aftical 

Divifion;, Cities, Toyt^ns, Seats, Manufn^ures, Trade, Sieves, 
. Battleei ai^ the, Lives of l^e iiluftrioQs men>^ch County las 

produced, Embellifhed wxtb 240 Copper-plates, of Palaces^ 

Caiiles, Cathedrals ; the Ruins of Roman and Saxdn Bttildinss ; 
. , and of Abbeys^ . NfonaHeries, and cither Religious Houfes. BeSde 
, ia^Varieiy of Ciiits of Urns, Infcriptions, and other Antiqnitifs, 

12ino. 10 vols. 1 1. ;o s. fe.wfd. Newberry and Carnan, 
. As t^e Autbors, who profeiTedly tre^t of the antiquicres and n'atqral 
hiAory of partipular, counties, %mt commonly fwejied their works 
to foch an enotmoiis fize and j>rjce, ^s to pl^ce tbep quite out of 
^th^ reach of |dl, b4t opulent, r^a^rs; a jqdrdous compendium of 
whatever tends to give a clear new of the ancient and prefent ftate 
4if oiir own cottntfy» nmft doubtlefs be an acceptable prefent to cMtry 
who wiOies not to be totally ignorant of the remarkable perfons 



•n^ things, .Ayhi<;h-,even:)^is ovj^n ne^hbourhood may, probably, have 
contributed to produce. The Work Htfore us promifes to do this ; 
aid it jipp^rs to be executed.with a greater degree of accuracy and 

.preeifion, ihanjs ufaally to be met with in compilations of this na- 
ture* The, cppper.-plates in general, are alfo, to fay the leaft of 
^heiii,JU.goodaa. they could.. be ^xpe£led to be, in a work fo con- 
traAed ia reipeft to fize, and^ fo limited in poin.1 of expencc to the 

'parchafcr. 

JtBVt Mar. 1774. jQ^ Art. 



%2i MonthIy Cataioou^, Law. 

Art. «9. Tbi Cinuit of Hmum Llfi ; a Vifion, In which ard 
mUigfia^ defmft>ed^ ik^ Viitues and Vi^et* Taken From the Ta- 
bbit^imjQijr Ca^ a Piftiiplj^ of St)cnrteff* fof Ac Inftiadion of 
YpnfKr t«»Oi. I f^ T. Csrnaa. it77fV» 
Th^TaUatUire of (^ebe» has been, long and ]&^\y eAcemed as pmm 
of the inoft beautifbl and ralnable remains of aQtiqt»ity ^* — Titis 
imiiatiea of h is by no'fnafnsdeilstpte of merit, though not free fmitt 
defcftj^,.;T<hc form in which thia Writer Lai chofcn to rccofflnjcnd 
wifd^m^ndi^^rt^Mii is^fierally acnepoUeand pleaj'ing, efpccialty lo 
yoang.milidf^ Bot haaaan H^ it fo dhrerfiHed i its win^itDgs are fo 
num^iroiifl, k| K^ioions* prejadtoaa, Mopan ii iica &nd paflions fo m&t- 
tifarioMs ^. ih^ K mall be rrrjr dificalt to pre vc jit conjuGpn, or fajin 
*» aiU^Qiy, v^th ana coaiidcrable degree of legnlarity and perfpicnStjr. 
Tiie <lii4ik f^^blicauon now before ni» is, however, Certainly adapted 
10 enur^asn and improve the yonthfol liearL Happy that j^onth 
who is fo infloeaccd and gnardad as to ^dired his early fteps la the 
path that ^l|itd# to troc hs^^pinefs, and (o perievsre in i( ! 
•y-^.yr. L A W- 

Art. m« AhfiraQ if mn A& fir Jmindmmt $f thg ISghu^h 
t un of Oeorge HI. chap. Izxviii. With the ^^edule of Forms, 

* Tabfo of dafiy Dntft Coopofition, and Penalty from (ooL J^ 
Jfuu to 5oJ» lonn of S«nreyor*s Acf^ount, and a Sqmxnary of 
refpedive Doties and other Mattera* By a Surry Juftice. Folio* 
is.^d* Payne. V 17734 ... 

The otifity of thia AUraa irSl fd&Gicndy an^car from what we 
have (aid of a fimilar poUitntioo. Seeoiir aoQonnt of Mr« Seott'a 
Digift^ Reiriew for Docenber bftp p. 4S^. 

Art. jr. Thi Ahdim Far^ Offemr% or Ibe ParLthOfficer'a 
' Complete Dnty« Broogfae down to the preftnt Period. Con^in- 

Yng^allthe Statute Laws now in Foicet together- with the idj^eed 
' Caies leiating to every .Kind of Farilh Baueft^ plaoed in alMume* 

* tk^l Ord^r. A Work efieatiaUy neceflary for Conftables, Chiic^- 
-wardens, Overfeers of the Poor, Sarve^ors of the Highways, 

'^-fuftic^s of the Peace, Attondet, HeadboiOHghs, Tithingaien, 

. Sidefineur Veforymen, Scafengert, kc* who wo«3d with tp execute 
their refpedive Offices with Safety and S«dsfoaion4 It ia alfo a 
necei&yy Ceaspanion foreverjrinhabijtaatafa farUh, who. may not 
be aParifh Oncer; as it 'will enable him to jodge whether |he 
Parifii^des are properly esecoted by others, and co defend hfm- 

' feJf agaiall^he Ignorance of thofe who are nnacquainted with tkeir 
I>ucy» as weif as the arbitrary Meafores of tnofe who fpO. fte- 
. qncttxly want Co axercUe an Authority which they, are not wmr- 
ijanted Co do by I^aw^ By a Gestlemaii of tfineolirs Ian. \ imo. 
3a. 6d. K.earfley«&c» 1774* * . ■ ' 

Had ihb Gentleman of Iina>ln'a inn, or eNewhett» fo|ind ' it j^pn 
. dehtito.nvoiiir this puhUcation b^ fainjg his name to it, he would in, all 

psobabiiiiy, ebi of ivfpeft to iumielf^ have iplven it a title lefs vjer- 

* mi* U } M4\* i^ " *■ ^* l' ' ^ ^ M » n I » II ■ ^ I. I ■ !■■■>■» ■■■II III 

^ S^ a panit u l ar analyfi »t>f dria fin ep i eee of -ancient alkgoiy, in 
the 1 1 th volume of our Rcrievi^ p« ipz% &^. . 

. a hP<e» 



Monthly Catalogue, Lauii 127 

holki $od more modeflly exprefled : he would in plain terrfis have de- 
tllMtiL theporpofeofhy andtfatteflto\heiikferH'i)ftlieexec«cion» f6r 
Its rtcommeodatiofl, Wheh «mr ^xpe^atfient «m raHed too. high, 
they are reldom aniwd-ed ; and even When a -miite^ J^dtoetfy fulbb 
^isainpleproraiibyFfaneoWeshim'nti ^ewatd, htf ii^ffofdtlAller of 
applaufe, iind may be^f^tilfied frh^it'alk|W<^tahav«lfif<k}p^ n6 
;pore than was 'due to him.'.*' '' '"'■'' -'= ::•':■.•;'; ;'• ^-n , ■% 
1 the Compiler of t^ boolc affmts t%e* Ptrbllc^ thilf he ht^^tA 
US*' theparifh ot^teft €$mpUle dbty, bftytt£;ht<dihi^n=«bithe^r«(H)t 
' period / atid this period Is pobtedotit afAieiibttom oFthe ti«le page 
tobe^h^year 1774: yeiSF joftite^of ^he^vedbe^fAfh «y ktrbw (heir 
duty ID an important articley that of' rej^tHahiig lb(f •IdEtlt s^d "ntakiiig 
of bread, they liiuft conftdt a ftatdte, 13'Qeo. ;}.'«e.<2;' Which £» not 
bendoned itt the Work! If joftkesofthe peace itoxi-'paliA^^cers 
examine It for the Hcenibg lying in hofiritah, frinit Ifitt ^heir cKity 
refpe^ting bafhu-ds bom therein, £ey will be wholly diiilppolDted } not 
the leaft notlci^ being uken of the aft 13 QeOr 3. e. 6a> tfie kiwsi#win 
force asto thefecstftst That theft ftaemtes were not too -recent' *ltf 
this crude pablicatiovy may be inftried from the ample ftocice taked 
of the fatt highwaf na, 1 3 <ko. 3« c. 781 whkhis. niMeqac^i to the 
bread aft. TM^bighwsy aft it inlec<l idmdi gire* K/erSatim^ for 
which perhaps two pH^«t«fealbtts mighe be vrged, tf they Were pro- 
ber fbrthe ComtMerm produce : inciiiftetd«f the laft tsrnptke aft, 



^e&re prelbiteiffl4lh« AilldecAlof tke7OB0b 5.C4D. wyeKi»now 
repealed, and fuperfeded by the 13 Geo. 3* c. 8^ This laail»tote 

' ftfi^ifKes matcer'ibr t ftow ftppeadKi:,' birt 'tUt appeadix aftrds no 
Aftciekit reafcttr ^ ipolegy for overiookNig theaft7 OeOw^. ew 39. 
eind^r the title Ppor^ nor Ibr the pie ma t iu e hafte in JntnryiQg our fo 
libperfeft a publi^Miot di%mied under (Ucfatotal^tioas profrflttun. 
Art. 32. ADifa^Jkn^f Lml Cimdm^i Opinkm^ in 

-' Allen-indtheDirkcofNwtaftk. -^to^ <iffi - Wllkie; -^774. 
ThisFubllaitioit Mktev 10 a calkofetecvtorftipi'aMl ifitisof 

'tny life beyond VjtotifiOitlOR of the ptnties ifiMed by it, that ufe 
will be ften iti Aifjpliiyhig the tricks of an anfblimorQey, in tnmf- 
Mfttohs Wbere fee*' W«* joim e jte c wo r v and co« it i>ed to be follt mami- 

'' jMr.' ' tt is profHIMy pafbttAed ** to-fliew themothtf wkick inAiced 
8ie Bake of N^wcalAerttf ippetttiirom LordGateden^i decree/' The 
}Mfie*tu ofthls decree Mbiigs properljr toilie'iiqttmt eoiwc to which 
hisCraceftppeah. •' • • r - 

' Ard 3}. Yhe L^gatDlj^nei tf JUktrf^l/hiiHi 4md i^^ in 
. « Series of Letti^ to a Friend. By ^hii AUeylM} fii^ Bu«ri^r 

^ at Law.' iSvo/ *St^ Ha>Hs, ftt.^ '774* 
' Mr. ATkyne,'the «^ter of theie Lerters; itneWs the ciieae Ihr- 

' soerly difcnAed bf Mr; Fiy** whcr Jnftified all the marriages of kin • 

§red, «xcq>ting thofe in the immediately mfonding and deibesftling 
ti<» and iecwcefl fbll brothers and Alert. He is theNibiv ia very 
fanguine advocate fbribme diftrtiTed dSeht who pines far dm'fifter of 
his deceafed wift; tnd in this cakib wirmty endkrtakes fo^rsfilte 
thole religions prejvdicet, which, at he exp i cifet it, ^^^amiotftaBd 

i l ii Ul i * * *i I I M* li | t r «■! I ■■» I I i t ' U ^ i ■ I I 

* See Reviewi vd, xv. p. 174.' 



%29 Monthly Catalogue» Namgathn^ 

tlie^of grgnmenu" Thk fire b iiuieed kept up with f^ore isnpe* 
coottty than ftetdy jcoarage ; thoogh fome of the &ot are well aiiii^» 
and feem to tike effe6l. 

So ^ as we arc! to be gaided by the McE&kiUaw, the diSin^Uoa 
made by Mn Fry, and iniiftcd on by the prcfcnt Writer, between 
unconjiring the nakednt/s^ 2Si^J^riaiing a Jldart ovtr a ^v^jImm^ mnd ctr 
Hitring the nakUhtfs^ appears qaite ju(l, however indelicate, as Mr. 
Alleyne well remarks, uie exprefllons kre : in*deed, we fhotild owe an 
apology to the fair fex, fbr referring to them in this grofs manner, 
did the advocates on both Mti connne their reaibniog, on this deli- 
cate fubjedt, to the aGtual and intrinfic merits of the cafe, without 
calling in the law and praAice of a people, few Ofwhofe inftitutions 
are confiflent with, or worthy of regard, uhder the pre(ent improvc- 
jnentt ofhoman knowledge. As an evidence of oar own'refpefl tor 
dectncyr we (hall fuppreiii fome additional hints*that might be ni^cd 
to fttpport this diftindion ; 'and content' ouifdves wlfh obfefving) 
/after the wtheri on this fabjeft, that bv the help of it, many of the L*- 
vitical prvhibidons vanifti : aad tfcat the regnlar praflke of the Jews 
contradi^sthe popular conflmdion of iftiem. Tbi? coniidention leads 
'*Mn Alleyne to make fome pertinent obfervatt^n^ oh the canon U^; 
and with refpeft to marrying wtthv £i^er of a former wife (to jufti^ 
which is the principal objed of thefe Ictterv) io-lay great Hrefs oi^ the 
aft \ Mary, fefT. 2. c^n that prbnounccd the^vaHdicyof the marriage 
between Henry VIII. and Catharine oi A rragbsi iihe^idow of his bm- 
ther Arthon Bntwithonriihpeachingthe'ayowed.prineipleson wbioh 
that aft was framed, the authority of it wbnjd Hxrtatnly have b^n 
ihtmger, had its dechrrd ofajeft been mora cxteniive, and had it not 
been calcnlated folely to fanttify the power ander which it *pa£ed; 
a power which there were siani^ld reasons to-i^ifh had n^verl>efh re- 
fiortd. It is clear it never woakl have paifed, bad Elizabeth imme- 
diatnly fticceeded Edward VL Stiil miiil it be allowed, as onr Au- 
thor remarks, that " it is a (blemn^ poblicy notorious, legillati^ 
declaration, of the purity of a marriage ^l^mniaed between ntn^ 
and his own brbther's widow*'* Ic (houklrfeem therefore, accordxnr 
to plain r/mion, that thia kgiflative declaration ^onM extend to^ and 

• fupport, all marriages in likecircinaftances*- Mr. Aiieyne, however, 
^L^Tkki an application to parlianient, to hafe the degrees of marriage 
afcertained by an exprefs law ; a meafure which would, in every re- 
fp6ft, be more agteeaWo to BritiCh proteibults» than the authority by 

• f^hich fuch caies are now decided. 

Navigatxon, 
Art* 34. 7he Seaman* s ufeful Friend andpkafant Companion, five. 
Price otii^ IS, 6d, Printed at Chichefter, a«d fold in London by 
Richardibn, &c. 177.^. 

The Author has anticipated any recommendation which we might 
be difpofed to give him, by being very free and full in the praile of 
bis own performance. But this fclf-commfcndation we attribute to 
other motives than thofe of vanity and cilentatton. We have already 
•bad-eecafion to remark a peculiarity in his manner of writing, and 
we then fuggefted what appeared to us a jn(l accooat of it. See 
^ Rev, for Jan. 1773, p. 72. We wilh, liowever,* for his own lake, 
that onr Author may not be 'too liberal in commonicating <* the 

loimledgc 



Monthly Cataiocus, Mathmatlcs: a%9 

knowledge with which the Almighty has bleflcd him." In this fmall 
utatift we have, ** hifi^u uIht /ttrukiobk tbingi,^ tabl^ of tie fun's 
decUnaiion Ux fouir years, ftom 1773 to 1776 loclufivc ; a method of 
finding the decUnation till the year 1800; rules ibr working an ob- 
fcrvation either of the fun orftara, ** m^n plain tind eoj^i than have yet 
been given ;'* a lift of (bme of the " biggcft" ^ars, with their right 
afcenfion and declination ; direaion^ to the feaman for finding and 
knowing any ftar, for coneding the dead redconing by an obferva- 
tion, for difcovering the vanation by a common wooden dijji compact 
for touching the compafs and fisr making thf tandU-End or the 
fAKord with fafcty* The whole is Writtca in a very plain makiner, 
iBiid may be pf nfe to tho<c navigators that have not accefs to more 
^m|)lete and more coilly pui1>li€ationt. 

Mathematics. 
Art. 35. Science Improved i or^tbe true Theorfoftbe Vmvirfe. Com- 
' .prchendiog a rational Syftem of the moft ufeful as well as enter* 

taining Parts of M/irrWand experimental Philofophy, embeUiihed 
, with Copper.platts on ft new*invented moveable Coiiftru£Uon, &c« 

By Thomas Hariinflrton; 410. 7 s. 6 d. fewed. Frinud for the 
• Author, and fold by Crowder* &c. 

A compilation. In which the leading principles of the celeftial 
phHofophy are famiUariy explatnedand-applied to the purpofes of re- 
I^ion and virtue. There is a freedom and eafe in our Author's 
manner of writing, which will render this performance agreeable to 
tkofe juvenile headers,' for whofe infocmatiQn and. ufe ixi is pripci* 
pally intended: and his intention, in this abftrad ofphtlofopbical 
Kifafie, is truly laadaUe ; but we are foriy to obfcrve, tlut he has 
paid liule regard to order in the diftribution ot his msfierial^ j^^d 
tl^t fome pf his deforiptions are obfcure and imperfe^ . 
. la a work ckf this kind, defigned for the iollrudtioa and a^nufement 
.pf yond^ it is of great moment to give a clear and accurate account 
of every fubjcd t)iat occurs. As an inftance of the Writer's obfcu* 
ptfp we xt&r to jits examinatioa of the; /paragraph in which he de- 
iajbes ^places of the planets* toward the clofe of fc^lion 16; 
* what we have now been ipeakiag of is called the. ^eecenirick plaeu 
tf tkepUmeti^ that is feed from» or havi^ the earth for its center. 
The beliecemtrici plaeee of the planets, means, was it poffibie for an 
Cjre to be placed in the fun, it wonld fee our earth as. a planet, and 
give the places of all the planets as they would appear from this fi* 
tbation of the obferjfer/'-^^-This'is a fpecies of definition, con- 
fi«i&d t^ Ik) xnics of Ugic or oi grammar, ^ 

Our Author .hsu fiated the nnnSier of miles in a degree of latitude, 
esY^ry where, at 60, without taking any notice of the true meafure- 
naeof of ineridjoiial d^sees. He^ Ukewife fet down the dillapces 
0f the planets firom the fun, tcge^er with their diameters and mag- 
nitudes, according to former eftunates, without any of the altera- 
tions and amendments determined by the late tranfiu. 
' His accoont'of jcclipfes is veT]^ unfiitisf*aory smd imperfed : and, 
as die annexed figure ibr explaoaing them bv no means anfwers the 
porpofo of a reaLorrery, and tends tooniileaa a reader unacquainted 
with this fubjed, he (houMiiave been partkt»l|trjy jcajiit^ous to pre- 
vent i^ii^akes, and to remove a difiicul^ chat aofi anfe in the very 

Q^j yoongei 



f JO MOKTHLY CATAtOGUEy HtroUr^ 

3roangfi tnifidy with ^fped to dks period i»f ilMtir .tetdns* Bfeqr 
yootb, wli6 sftnMii «i«iel^tt<KMr. ilarjii^iQfiV plate a&d delcHp* 
tiott^ nrnft^eoiieiiit^ dkst «d^fea» bttk of the foi «&d moon^ wiU 
licceflaHly )ui|>peaivetfrysniitii. . . 

We ibbmh i^efe irbduHu to our Aatbor's co^fideration^ more 
rfpeciilly «8^ chf#vol4itne Is ftoa to be foccosdedby MOtk<(r, in pii^? 
'faance'i^-tAie^MetiUa; i 

Art. 36. if Trf^ iMi&c L9HiH§i4er Uc^ By R. Waddingtoo, 
' 4!iow> j<. ^d» NouHe. 177}. 

This treatife maf be ooniidefed at a.ksod oi Jkcwi /uf^miut to 
tbe Author's P^^akmiMuMfir fitd^g tit LpngituM tmd LiUitudi rf 
a Ship at Sea, publiihed in 1763. (See Rev. for October in the iaoie 
year, p. S0&*) Tht/rfl /&ff/emefU vfzs publiihed In 1764: fee Rcr, 
Jan. 1764, p*'7B. iW new treatife contains inftrnfiions and tablca 
for the ufe of th^ fextaot and odant in celelUal obfmations ; and 
particularly i|i thofe that immediately ^?e]ate to t)ie ItmiitntU. Mr. 
W. is well acqmimtdy both from theory abd experience* with t|iit 
fttbjed; and the pre^t pamphlet is a Talnable ^ititm tq wbaf 
}ie has already offered to the pMb|ic.^ Toward fhe ooaclufion Y^ hh\ 
^iven an abHraft of the dtmeiifioni of the (bl^r fyficm* deduced ^m 
the obferirafions of the bi| pauifi|» tqgetha wit^ To^e general de£- 
nitions.' " • 

H & E A 1* D R t* 

Art. 37. 7%^ tmi^Mt EngUfik Psgragei er, <i u^mk^'cat mtdhlf^ 

torhal A€€9Mnt tfthi Pttrs mid PetnJ/is 9/ this Mudm. By the Rer. 

Fredt:ric Barlow, M. A. 8vo, 2 VoU* izs. .6d^' Boards. 

Bva-8. 1 773* 

Though lye are alrpady fumilhed with variopa hiHorks oPthe Eng;* 
]i(h peeAige» yet the many changes that have lately happened firon 
new creations, and the e- x ti n ^liOD of old titlesiifnufli % plaefible 
excnfefpr a fre(hpa!>1icati6n ofthianatore. * 

Former writers in thia-walk^ ioiead i^ hnng /mt^fiU ttfimiami, 
have too often (as Mr* S< obierves) deviaied Hito -ai»fv paiugyrijfu 
The Authon ^che work before us boaft of their rfvn nnbiafled inte- 
grity in the following tmna:*^' We fliall not be afnud 16 pull afide 
the errDine, to (hew the corruption [\vhich] lies hidden behind ; and 
pter rtvertnet far irtah <mU emhpldia tu to difilofi the ^te^nefs tf tha 
head, e^tn fwhen encircled hy tie Modern^ 

This ls» indeed, a bdd declmtion} 4«(we &id it. made 'good, 
in a variety of infiances, ta the ooarie of the work; is !iihicn*J^ 
charaders of manjr of the prelenf BobiUtJ^p whedier fiivoiir^e o^ 
ptherwlfe, are dAtwn #ith great iwedoBh aiideft air of impartiaUtj* 

The arm's are neMy end iccnratecly.engra^f • emA [wlucb ia/ies* 
bar t6 the tt^tx wOfM] the tmme ate aU u M^ted and explained. 
Good engravings afe ^& giv^ (^ his Majeip^, a^d of all the £1^ 
terent pr^er^ of pe^rs^ in their pariienmitary robes. 

On the >irhcf}e» dus account of the EegiiA peerage &ems to ^Usrt^ 
the publl^ apprbbaifen; e^oalif ^viih other a^ndgmeau of the like 
nature ; and the mOre ^y asithe^afieofihe .femsil noble iamilict i^ 
brought down to the time of iu pnUicatioiu 

P0BTI€AW 



Monthly Catalocub^ PoitUal ^ 9.21 

PotTlCAl,. 

* Art. 39. NtfM £l^i€U 4iQ. ^ 2 s, Kw^tief^ . 1774. 

Thefe elegies heu itcig mt^iki 6f difl dMietf « ^iftim ^ and, if 
there we^e toy dreditidne to poeuf^ we ttioM yt^Ht^49<ptQnounct 
their Aathor t good hofhaiid, and a* 9«»d4Hlipv« . Th^y ^rt four in 
number. Tliefirfthas the Aaicling.utlftjof/?r4yW«y, bat it by no 
means immodeft ;^ the ftcoiHr, which it by farihebeici is^eptitled thi 
Di/aff9iwtmini •fPa^m : from this are (eleQedlh«feflovid<i'gftaDzaf; 
Ye golden joys that fii^d m/jnptiifMtfareaA^ 

when Sylvia^ eyes the muttnlskafiifc, caught; 
'When to her iovM and loving botom xiitft. 
We mingled ettrj Ibttl-di&lviiig thooght i ' 

Where art ye fled ? — Ah!^ never to return, 

ThoQgh my tfue heart its prifHne paffion warms; 
• Though in my veins the fame fierce ardours burn. 
Nor leflen'd are my Sylvia's powerful chiu'mi ; 

• Still in het eyti the pointed lightnings playt 
Sdll'on her dieeks the living rofes blow ; 
In fbrightly youth's unfaded prime iUllgay« 
And ftill unmalch*d her boibm's nnfou'd (now 1 

But cold, alas ! to love's eoga^g arts, 
Eaok glowing fpark extinguifli'd in her breail, 

fio more our meeting mutuu firm imparts. 
Our day# ait Ufelefi, and our Bighu.wifafeit* 

Jjdk coxsM the fwaio whom Hatred's baleful power 

Has drove injurious from AfieAion's feat; 
faAskedLove will fnfer but his hour, ' 

. AAdr.^ded by Reyenge, at laft retreat : 

Far hMpicr ha, who droops beneath the frown 

Q£ fcomful Beauty's well-affediBd (ride, 
Hope may beMeMi, and Time hit wiihes crowpji 

To me revenge and hope are both denied : 

. For Ipve, like youth, its tender moments pafti^ 

No ibrcf, no art, ho accidents t^fioro; 
Age aiid indifference wiliybr itfff laft^ 

While vainly we their frigid pow^ deplofo« 

' The two laft elegies mtt entitled th Trifi^fi rfRtt^fin and tbt Win. 
iit (f* £mii#, aadeonain many good ftamaas. 
Art. 39. PiAkt h Mr. J^htGof^ with an Italian Tranflation 

byOianFraiitefcoGiorgmi. 8vo« 6s. Daviea. 177J- 
" 'S%nor'Glor^ti> «» iggmoas Vtsetian, has tmndaicd the(^ ce- 
lebrated fkbles intofttlian^veHSr^JUid he hM executed the wprk wUh 
^irit, perfpicoity, fmdekgaace. A preci£(^ equal to that of the 
original, could haidly have hm hoMd for, had his language al- 
lowed }t% and, perMps, his greateft fault is too difufc a tyU. 
Torty-two of the hibksaiwher^ given with thconginal on the oppa^ 
fire pages ^"^i Wt ki|OW «(0| a more i^iol buok ibi the hatfaa 
/cMar. .. . 

0^4 Art. 



%^ Monthly CATAtoeuE^ PatitaL 

Art. 40. 7«itf> « poetical Romance. By the Editor of the Ef- 
fay OB the Cbaraaer» Maimers* and Genius of Womeiu 8vo. 
4a*fewed. Robuiibn. 1773. 
A veriification of RoulTeau'fr celebrated NovudU HeUi/u 

LETTER IV. 
Emilius to Julia. 

f< The poft r* with what im|Nitiefice did I ftaod ! 
How I reioic'd to fee the well known hand ! 
" My Julia's hand !*' the (eail 1 trembling broke. 
While (rom mine tyt& a thoufand feelings fpoke : 
The lovely fymbols to my lips 1 prcft — 
Fancy was fired — thy name can make me bleft ! 
The precious lines I greedily ran o'er. 
Or rather feemM each letter to de^oan 
To many readers /uch poetry as this may ht very delightful ; and 
it would be cruel to deprive them of their pleafure by criticifm. 

Art, 4^. The JuvenaRad; z Satire. 410." r s. Bell. 
An honeft but, we fear, ineffe^ual attempt to cxpofe general 
vices imputed tb feigned names. The verHficaiion is, in general^ 
tolerable, l)dc (boiled by many bad lines. 

Art. 42. The ^raci9U5 Ifarnim^ ; or^ i M(md^ on ihi DMb iftbt 
latt picus mmd kamtd Jofepb Nieoil StoU^ M. D. With his very re- 
markable Dream concerning it : To which are added» Ibme Lines 
on the latcRev. Mr. Edward Hitchin, B. I>. Hy G^Wrighti" 410. 
6d. Otrtdge, &c. 1774, 

Dr. Scott was an ingenious and learned mai^i and would not have 
been vain of fuch encomiums aa are bellowed upon him in thefe 
Terfes. 

Art. 43* An Elegiac EpjfiU from Lucy Cooper in tbo Shades, Is 
Sedlj bonis ^ the ravifhed rofflona* 4to. ' is. Williams. 1774* 
Rochefter revived. 

Art. 44. ^Fattb\ a Poem, 4to. is. 6d. Becket 1774* 
How this profound fubje^ came to fall into infantine rhyme, it 
would be difficult to conceive, had not the Author informed ns that 
part of it was originally interwoven with another poem, and after* 
wards detached from it. The publication, however, is quite as uq- 
confequential as the meafure in which it is conveyed. An attempt to 
4)verturn the £picarean dodrine by oppofing to it that of theTriaityt 
was certainly a very ftrange fuggeftion— 

., . ■ uc de/emfirih^ 14x1$ 

The veffes, indeed, are in general fpirited and good ; - though 
there is fometimer a fad falling off-^For inSaste^ 
Scoffs at thofe who dare proclaim 
A MoM'God tM bKii$4m freme. 

In the lattei: of theft lines there is at loaft an tmcoathnefs and r^« 
dnndancy, if it t»e not abfolute tionfcnfc. 

S ^ Pol iTic At« 



I 



Monthly Catm.09VE, Nmb and Mmoirs. 9» 

., P O a. I T X C A !.• . 

Art 45* Jn Alarm for illujlrious (fbMfgb cardefs) EltHors^ SvOt 
6d. £y4«i. 1774. 

A zm]o«i« dcclam^uon in favoar of liiaerty an4 vtstqe. The Wr|r 
Hx is very oameft with his illuftriouf cI<6lors to io^tfov^ t]»eir oppor^ 
toDityy ftt the eyafoiDg geeeritl ele^ipn* of -chffiiDg.^refeotativef 
who are reaUy bone^and p^triati^ Hii p^im^nd tol^onr, ia riiigr 
ing this alarm bell, appear wdl-ioteoded» tbo^gh he foinetMpies p^Ui 
the fope Wif h taoft violei^ce than the occafiod ieeiat to xeoiurek 
Art. 46. .ThiPeiituintjfMr.BQllaut Agent for the Council of 
' the Provinoe of Maflachnfetty Bay* to the JUof iQ CouqciI, ^dated 

Janotry 26^ 1774. Puhii^hed with JUIuftfatioiis, i|i order briefly' 

to fliew to (he Impartial «ad Confidei:ate the Iiapprtaiu^e of per* 
. fe& HfunPoy between Great Btit^a and the Colonies, their Mfc^ 

lits, the Benefits jtbeaee acciued to this Kingdom in Point of Em* 

• pirc, Manufa^are«, Conuneiscc^ Wealth, and Naval Strength; and 
the Origjn and Progxe^ of their prefent unhappy Difference ; with 
IntipAt to promote their cordial and perpetual Union^ lor theif 
motual Safety and Wel^e, with which their DiEcntion is incom*^ 
pttible. ^to« 6d. AlmoB, i774* 

The title fufiidently points oat the nature and tendency of thi« 
.piit>licatioQ ; and the news^papers have told us what /uccifi the Peti- 
tion met with. 
Art. 47*. TUf^^ Parthian Ul^raiid; it\ (even dramaic Di^ 

loeues, or Conver&tien Pieces, between rems^rkable Ferfi>nages, 

PoDliihed from the Mouths anid Actions of the Interlocuton. Bv 

GotUb Panfmottzer» the Baron's Nepl^^w. 8vo« is. 64, 

JElmfley. : , 

Extrtmcly fatirical on the principal interloeatocs, who are, the 
King ^ P-rofia^ and the two Emprefles. The dialogues are admi- 
Table; -afid the pamphlet will {evfc as a very proper ^ecimen to thfi 
fiKir celebrated lifttrs w the frtfinf Siati rf P9Umd ; fee Reviews, 
Yols. xly^i. luid xlviii. 

N o V s ]L fi and M s M I It 8, 
A]t.4& ^Twa^rtghtu Marry Him \ or^ ibf Hf/lotf 9/ M!/kP^^ 
, . worih. .i2mo. 2. Vols. 68. N^ble. J 774. 

In a letter addrefled to Meflrs. Noble, and placed at the begiaoine 
of this worky the Anther declares himfelf foudtont of. being. ranked 
ratiier among the duU* than the dangerous novel-writers 9{ the pr^ 

• lent age : and as, in our opinion, there lUifortunately appears a n«» 

• ceffi^ of referring him 10 <ine or she other pf thefe ciiffts, we xetdi^ 
f fiibfcribe ^o his ehoice, afl4 .pioooiiaee the *' Hiftory of Mifs Pet* 
r.worth". perfectly innopent* . 

iAtt. 49. fii purjuy U Lsndm \ or^ tbi Hifl^rj •/ the SHby Fa^ 
I muj. lamo. jkVoIs* .6 s. NoUe. 1774. 

This Selfa^ funtly had Uv^ .^rcry ha^ilf «nd comfortably on a 
MtealLeftate ta the coontcy, kit many yease, tsUofu* Author craeUy 
tfoMfl^t psopet to intfodnce Aem. to the asf aatiitanee of a Sir Tho^- 
M hnsaj^t whefe wile.happeniag to be a very iae lady, excited in 
'rs« Mby ^ violent a dtiue.jof keing London, and knowing the 
add, thatfcsoftrary^ithe ndvke of. tpod^^Salby, ihtinfitel 
av^p«idia§Q*e]winflDr;iiixtkJwr three c^bkenia town« ThiiLon* 

don 



9t34 MoNtHtY Catalogue, Nwds ini iitmms^ 

don journfjr, as the poet ftya, produced *' Mirfbrtnne od rnkfo* 
tiifte, grief on grie£^ The ibn married a kepc-oiiftreft ; die jeo&b^ 
daughter was rallied by ot» of the Lomleyf* and died ef a bn£ea 
beart % and the eldeft p tc fci ' jcd fteiiif ^ work!, as a cocmbod pmfir 
titce, to retoming widi her tidier intD the eoantij. This hiftoi^> 
wttheat one inddent that is new to reooflMnead yn^ ^ not vcrx ^ 
wrttleih^-l^die Aodior ivtll accept this as any compUment^ we iseaa 
it partf ealarlv in frroor of the fecond vcdosie. 
Art* 50; T4h ^ignmm ; a fentimeotal NcNrel, in a Series of 
Letters.' izaso; 'xyolt. - 6s«- Noble. 1774. 

It is raipbffible to read 6wtt thefe voloaies withoot remarking the 
qaantity m 'bknk paper which meets the ejre -at alsMrfk every page 
of thhJhthnBialpforkz a dicmniaacet however, which wo men* 
tion not asai/rm^; boty on the cOfltrarf» as die gwateft poffide 
excellence attending moft wvidhi^ of this ftamp. < 
Art. 51. Tht Fatal /fft&iw^ or the Hiftory of Ibfity and Caro- 
line. i2mo, 2 Vols. 6s. ' Noble. 177 -• 

The hero of this tale, the heart-fobdaing Hmy ViUiera* nanici 
^n old woman of iixty-fire, becaafe Ihe has-thirty thoofimd pettads; 
ij^)Xi in love with a yonng Lady, a rdatioo of 'ids wife^, bec^nie &c 
is irerv handfome ; and would wiltiiigly perfhade her to go off" with 
Kim, becaaFe he is •'-^ ndcal.' To maicr vie of tiie Anthor'a o«sa 
word, \ he Dufi take fuch rile t^fkStims as thefe. 
Art. C2. La BilU Philof$pbi^ or the Fair Philoibphcr. iiomk 

a ^^ls« 6 s. Lowndes. 1774. 

. In readiaf over thefe two /V^mnes, we probably imbibed €0 mwk 
ef the phikwiphy of the ftir^heroine of the jpiece» as to render as 
leis fidcepubk than ordinary to tender ifnpre^on^; for we cao nif 
fav^ we ^k not one fimfadon either of pain or jdeafiure, ^dmiog the 
Wftole of the dme which we pafled in converiation with this prciteiidet 
philoibpher in petdoMitf : who, by the way^ is not much <^ a pkSv- 
"fbpher neidter ; ibr her hiftory is as mere a novel-book, as any of die 
Miff Jefljunys,<>r Delia Dainqr4» er Lady Flirts^ or Sophy SlawaWiai^ 
that ever the circalatiag libraries prodoced. 
Art. 53. n^^F^fluMoUi J)4utgMr. Being t Narradire ^ tswt 

and receht Fads. By an impmrnaL Hand. izmo. 38* IXna- 

ville. 1774, ... 

This Aory, from die mmatea^ of the detail, fifom the earaci- 
ne& with Vhidi the tranfiiaions are rela^,. and horn the dcferiptiofi 
•fthecharaaersinirodneed, appears4o bf really according to ^ 
pMMionsof die Writer, a relatMrnof * twmfkBi! It doea hoc ir 
daedeoatain adventorss enaagh fsr a frolefid novel; and ia to he 
viewed father as a narrative than as a UtaMiy €ompo&tioai« The 
•udint of^toyis'ihors; a yonng Scots auaifter raihljr % 
into a dandeftine, bat iblema, written, engagement with a 

baaa^t c^ aivakat to n naiti^as bar widKNit die pdiBc , 

whiahwere poftponed to a mom fcafimable oppar^udty. Of d^ 
•caaaraa they amnladdiamialveafiee^ Ibr fiwe&Be^ nndl tbn fr- 
dieviklcovering^hacapuMKion, is Aid tohava behaved moie afafmAv 
dmmoft&dmn,howc»ernnfeelkig»ofimllydeon'incbocadibmni aad 
the levkyc^dieladyisnoedietoifiextraordin^rycsrcaniftaacein Ae 
•adveatnic. Widioot denying die contrafi^ <ir her kt^n " 



Monthly Cat aiogve^' XiSgiouiy (fc 13$ 

auence of xt» ihe refa&8 to folfil it, and her father fopports her ia 
i» refoCal ; though he ^ervby ietves her expofed tp the lofs of 
reparation, which aakhef of tham appear 10. valae. Kot content 
with this, thej areiaidto hsve pradUied 'feveial ortUkes np lef?' 
mean than maliciottSi to mtn tht itpttHiitioit aiid fortona of « man 
who merited better treatamii for hit readia«6 to ad a proper part, 
though bnder no extraoidiaarx temptation* from any other motives 
than thofe whic}^ onght to inilaence a perfon of integrity* Tha^ Siam- 
lated to Jniiify hit charadtn. w&have the affaijr related at lai^, by 
a friend of the dUconfclatf hero (ff not the hero bimfelO who 
charaderi^ ail tii|»partiea in a manaar that giyet- an air of^robabi- 
Vitf to the wMe* He «artainly» acconUng to this tale, feU into ytry 
bad hands hi Ms «^Mraa^ coaaesuon 1 but making due allow^ce for 
fits di&ppoiiitifteftt, be has fiifficient c onfa la t ioa ia being releaftd 
from it, in a manner diat leaves aU the Uame on.the faultynde. 

The DlfHter has ilitrodiicdd federal noettcal oaotationi,' to enliven, 
his defcriptiotts and diuiraAers ; but he woula not have di^uifed 

Eerfoni and {Places ander fech hardi uncouth appellations, if bb ear 
ad been tnned to any judgmaat of harmony. From a puerile con- 
ftiU the ieene of afiian b poioied out by the acrofUc defcripdon of 
^* a floorifliin^ ka von town, which tak^ iu name fiom the monarch ^ 
of iho wood, loinad to' the colour of nature's carpet*' After infinite ' 
^udy, we make the importaat diicovary that the town of Gxv^ock is 
a ooimptias of 6nMr«ai« 

REtIOIOI7aandCoHTftOriE8IAI«» 

Art, 54. J Litur to thi Right Riv, Fiah$r m OhI^ Skau^, Lord 

Blfiop pftandaff^ from a Petitioner. Sto. 1 u Johnfba.' 1774. 

What J^ntiments his Lordftsp of Laadftff will entertain of tail 
Letter, or whether he will think it confiftant widi hit* peelaticai dig^ 
nity to call .an eye upon the produfHon of a pooT diiendag amchtrt, 
wekno^ not: as for as, we tannocf help adtnowledgtnr, thatthia 
Letter has afforded us a eteat deal of 'entertdliment. The ^wchtr 
treau the FnUtif indeed, with a decree of freedom which will, no 
doubt, be deemed, by a certain chus Of readers, highly indaoant, 
if not extremely iii^tebt ; be titts, however, as it may, there is a 
vein of pleaiantry and humour that runs through tha whole perform* 
^ce, wikich cannot foil of recommending it to the -geiierality of 
readers, and there' are fomeftrokes of wk which will mttort a (bile 
even from ibnj' ecclefialHei, if four ccclefiattio-tver ikiile« 

But the pteafantry of thi Letter iaaotitsttily recommandatioo ; it 
fcreatha i liberal ttid manly l^rit* and Aem$ the Author to be a 
manofabilitief, and ahaasry frivhdtoveligioiitrUica^^ -Thenaaiv 
fome things ia it of a very forious «iture, whkh^ weU defolvo the 
attendoa of hit Lordfoip of Uft^Ufh and thit of inmy biihoP' oa 
the bench. . - * 

Oor Author ii^quaiBtr hit leadaia 'tint ha refenres hiapaetteal ta* 
Icntt for tfttOdker occafioib a^en Ms Lonilhip.of l^ndaff wiU.be 
made the hero of the '^lA nufei— -Tha tttrntghes of foeiar^ 
BfSHOFthe hero Of afr optc poam, giae(aa^ceatipkafaio.i andwe 
Hiall be extrtmdy fofry if |ho Aaihof foould not prove as good at 
%i% word. For his'comfon and encopragemfn^i he may depend upon 

■ *•• the 



%^^ Monthly Catajldgu e, lUUghm^ bfc^ 

t^ fervent and repe^Ued prayers of many a pious and honefl ChrifllsB^ 

to all the Powers who. prefide over Tocuy, for ihejr gracious aid atwi 

prote^on. — Reafon and aigument have been employed to little por- 

pofe. Who knows but that wit and fatire niay produce fome good 

cSe^ ? And furely when bifliops, who call themlelves frotcftants, 

are* at this time of day, advocates for the continuance of penal lavs 

for the diredion of confcience, they are fair game, and defcnrc the 

kecncft (haftG of cvejry fpecies of wit and ridicule, 

Arti 55. Txvc Litters on the late Applications to ParUamcnt by 

tlie Protcftant DiiTenting Miniflcrs : one, an Addrefs to the Dif- 

icnting Laity on. the Subjefi of thpfe Applications. The other. 

An Enquiry Into the lawfulnefs of the Declaration propofed to be 

. {abflituted in the Room of Subfcription to the' Articles of dt 

Church of England. J^y Joihua Xouimin, A* M- Svo.^ lu 

Johnfon. 1774. 

Thefe Letters deferve to be ranked with the beil performances thM 
iaye beep pujbliihed on the fubjcdlof the Diflenters' petition, bein«[ 
written in a candid, liberal, and judicious manner. The fecood 
Letter, in particular, appears to be well calculated to remove the 
icruples of thofe who objeiS* not to the moifter of the DtclaraticK^ but 
to making fofolemn an acknowledgment, at tht' rcqulfition cf tht 
iMagiflrau, — Mr, Toulmin (hews very clearly,. in our opinion, that 
the declaration propofcd is not an acknowjedgmcht of the' magi 
Urate's right to eftablifli any, or what religion he'pleafes j that it is 
no more than is required in fomc cxprefs precepts of the New Tcfta- 
ment, and' a)cinteiiah<^ed by the pattern of Chriftand kis apoftles^ 
and that it is certainly recommended by prudence, and enforced bj 
the neceffity of tlie cafe. 

Art. 56, Arcana : or, the Principles of the late Petitionci^ to 
Parliament for Relief in the matter of Subfi;riptioi^ lo eight 
Letters to a Friend. 1 . On Candour in Controvcrfy ; z« On 
Uniformity in Religion; 3. t)n the Right of private Judgment; 
4. On Civil Magiftracy; 5.' On Innovation; 6.^ On Orthodozjr ; 
J. On Petfecution; 8, On Sophiftry, 8vo. 2«^ L>illy> ku 

The Author, though not an elegant writer, appears to be a ver^ 
fenfible man ; and there are many firiking, curious, pertinent,, mnd 
entertaining obfervations in his Letters. 

Art. 57. A Letter to the Rev, Mr. Bowman^ VUar if Afartbam^ 

Norfolk I occafioned by a Prefcnt of his Book, intitled J Re-v^w 

of the boBriites of the Riformation •, &C. 8yo. 9 d. Norwich 

printed ; and fold by Robinfon in London. 1773. 

The dodlrines of Predeilination, Original Sin, &c. are here partly 

attacked, by a man of plain good fenfe, without any preteniiofts t# 

learning. Mr. Bell, the writer, appears tp have conceived a xery 

mean opinion of thofe, of whatever denomination, who onite yoxk 

the Methodifts (with whom he is particularly dtfgafled) in zeakMifiy 

contending fyr thofe tenets which, by fome, are diftingnilhed bf the 

lonourable appellation of Fan Aticfsh*. ' 

• Sec Review^ vol. xxxix. for the year 1768, t>. 374. 



Art* 58. yt ttitir to a Layman%on the Subjed pf the Rev. Mr* 

LiDdfey's Propo/ai for a reformed Eoglilh Charc]^, ^C.- Svo. 6 d. 

Wilkic. 177^. . ' , 

A i^eheoient .<)ecUniadoB agftinft the e^sibliihed .^]»Qreh» chiefly <m 
uc^nht of her Ttithi/h. AAsryetideavoaring to prove that every fi la- 
tere UmtariaQL. la <^bliged» in confcilbnoer to (^iparate from fuch a 
cbttrcb* die Author particolarly and earneftly exhorts his corn^fpqV 
dent to join Mr. Lindfey's prQpofed * reformed church ;* in whicl^» 
AS we ane here informed, aiiturgy will be uf^Jy containing * nothing 
ihockiiig tof the underdanding.!. , 

In recbauneading Mr* l.»'s (bheme, the Author thus warmly e^- 
preilefthifl izeai for the canfe of.thU goo4 man, which he conGders as 
the eauie^ojftru^ religion itfelf: — ' Great and l^onourable in the dghc 
of God« find ff wife- and |[Ood men» will tho^e be, who fhall boldly 
Hand forth on thisoccafion, taice this modeil Appligift by the hand, 
encotfi^ge aQ4 fiipport him in. his difficulties, and at the (ame time 
form themielves oo^er a phri(ljap miniftry which they can entirely 
approve,' ^c— Our Readers may remember that we, gave them Tooie 
account of Mr. L.'s motives for quitting his ftation in the churcV 9f 
England, in our Reviews for the two preceding months^ 
Art, 59. LMfeHmtsw ike^uifjt£l of Non-^oJifofmitj\ addrefled to 

the Right Q.ev. the fiijhops^ j^c. By a QeAlJemap, formerly a* 

Member of the Middlb'iE>mple. ^vp. .6d., jlohnfon. 1773. 

The Amhotf grounda tbi^ ait^ of the biihops, pa a * Whiter ^* 
that * their Lordfhips are Aordy to roufe frfon. their lethargy, and 
arey-tfreloog, to e^^ert thejnvig^an^e (or thc.4ilcovery and exen^plafy 
corre^ ion of .heretical ;prfkyi|yi. , . , 

Qn thefuppcrirition iluu tiueie is really a def^gn formed of thi}^ pl«^iilg 
cWr the artilkry of the chuif h 1 ^iMtud p4r(icuUrl>: that it is to be poimed 
a^ nil all thofe pf the clergy who opiit, pr alter^ *- any pare of the 
lithrgy/-^the Author eaters oh a kind of effimate* by way ofguiru^^ 
of the genend conduct and ^tmerifs of the clergy ; and as he takes 
it for gfanted that conformity to one canon, fez. will not be exa^d, 
wfthont ex)forcing iht,/mh4ft he ma^s it more than prpbable that 
there will be work enough to employ thefpiritual engineer^, |a . 
lhort,'h^ ini^lves^ the whole ix>dy ecdefialHc in an ivniverlal d^li^i* 
quency; but for t^e particulars we mult refer to the pamphlet; 
which js written with more feverity than civility! 
Art, 60. A^ Scourge to Calumny^ in Two rarts, Infcribed to 

ItichXrd Hill, £fq; By Thomas Olivers. ^ lamcu is. 6^. 

NtcolL I774, 

Mr. Olivers is a ftaimch' adherent to Mf. Wcfley ; and, of coatfe» 
is mach difpleafed with Mf* Hill for his ha[r(h treatment of Mr. W« 
in lua Fmragoi^ Sec. for i^hich and for Mr, Hill's other pieces, fee 
Reviews for the M three or four years. 

But Mr* Olivers .hat|i another, and more home- Alt provoi!ation to 
enter the lifts agaisft the chafipioa of the CaJvinifis. The chattpiea 
of AeCalvinifts ha4»>i9 his Farrago deubU D'tfiilUd^ introdaced .our 
Author, is a manner fomewhat contemptuous^ calling him by the 
dJjninotive 7#«r, and opprobrioufly referring to his tr^du 

for all tbefe ofiences, Mr. Olivers hath mod heartily btlaboiired 
l&is anugonift; at the fame time taking occaiioa to enter very folly 
jttto the vindication of Mr, W. whom he piouily extols as being verily 

an«? 



ijS MtfNtHlY CATAi06frB» ReUgious^ ficz 

ted indffd the gittteft go^pd miiiifter now livijig, and tie fmoif 
of half « milliboit of fods:^if w^ righd/ anderftaocf liis woftls, 
iivhich are, 'one who has, direAly. and m^LttGdj^ been indnioKotal 
in tarnin£» pcthapy [we did not obferve that ugly f>€rbmfsl * na 
Icfs than half i anllibn of Ibob from the evil of their vay/^Al- 
though it m^ be difficult to make out this eflamate, yet we believe 
that the celebrated leaden lOf oor Methodifls, both Armimam aad 
Cuhfimfit have really been inftminental to the fefermatioo of mtiif 
an idle and victous perfon, amoa^ the lower people of thia coontry ; 
littd therefore we cannot help thinkii^ that Mr. Hill's aeal for tbe 
paificalar tenets of his part/y hath earned hiid too far in hla fevot 
tapeachnients of this inde&tigable labourer in the vineyard. 
Art. 6u Cbrifiian Zetd* Or, Three Difcourfea oil the loipor- 

tance of feeking the Things of Chrift^ more than bur owiu B7 

Job Orton. i smo. gd. Shrewlbury printed, and MA by Buck* 

land, &c in London. 1774* 

This worthy Writer intends, we fttf^fe to eonvty the idtem hehai 
«fhimielf by the motto he has chofen from the Romnm poet,* Fm^ 
na€g eHist &c* which for the fake of the Engtiih reader^ is ihas 
tranflated in the-preface to ^is nlifcooHes : 
, , . Hot that I dare tdaftive aeal, pretend^ 
Bttt only boail to be f eligion^s friend 1 
To whet men on to a€t, aadlike the h(me» 
Give others edge, tho' I myfelf have none. 

tit obfirfves, that while excellent treatifet have been pubK&e^ 
of laie» in defence of toteratioii and liberty,^ and xcaknia attempn 
made to increafe moderation and pandour, which he hojpes have pio* 
dttced very good efcAs, there is great room to coibplaia of the wmt 
of aeal for tM (bpport and advancement oifrealypra^tcal rel^ign, aai 
Ibr die good of foals. With an intent to revive ^s seal, he net 
into his Reader's hands thefo three Difcoarfea, and hopes for oer 
forioqs attention to the motives and atgnments urged in thenu The; 
afe plain, fenfible, and perfaafive. We heartily wi(h they may hare 
the etfedpropofed by their pious Writer; who hereby maailefta his 
benevolent imd pablic ^>irit, while his-ftate of health diiqaalifiei hia 
for more aAive kbours. 
Art. 62. Tbf fmti0naiChri/liarfs Affiflsm 4$^ the wwtbf r§c9hmg^ 

fbt LM^s Sufper^ izmo. 4d. Johnfon, 1773* 

This little traa is an abridgment of Bi(hop H(mdley*s pUia m* 
' count of the nature and end df the lacrament of the Lord^s Sappm. 
Shotfld any apology be thought neceflary for oeating the €ahfm&m 
this manner, the Anthor fenfibly fays, < the only one I can pcH^aiit 
myfelf to make id, that I have no ambority to add to the wwds ^' 
Chrift and his apoifUes on this fobbed ; nor to put siny 




\ prerauiptiiiii to 

amufe Chriftians with greater and higher expeQatiOBs than they, 
whoalone can be depended on, as for as I can Judges have g^f«& 
«- them any reafon to entertain. If I have arrived at mrfhU BiciM^ 
of what our Lord and his apolUes have unght, I have what aloa« I 
ought to aim at ; and it will be Of littie importance from hew ausy 
aad how great men I difitr/ 



la Aal paK ^Apa litde pam^ht in wWdi BlAop Hoadlcy** «cw 
«iM«i it applied to the commttiubn office of our c^orth, die prefent 
Writer adjs fome amendmentiiii the office frdpdCtd by the tm Drw 
^amael Clarke, aod tranfcrlbed from fait bterkaTcd eopf of tho 
CommoB Prayer Bobkyjiov^ lodged ia the Britift lilufeam. 

SERMONS. ^^** 

L Preached ra the Chapel of th« Afykm for Female Orphansi at the; 

acniverfary Meeting of the Gtoaidiant of diar Chanty^ May 19^ 

I773* By Beilby Porteiis» D« D. Redor of St. Mary» Lunbeth, aiul 

Chaplaio in Ordinary to his Majefty. 4to. 1 a. Payne, &c. 

Thi$ difeoorfe is well ^apted to diiett and affift peHbnt in the 
general exercife of a charitable temper, as weU as to that partkolar 
occafion on which it wais delivered. It is feniible and jodicioos» puid 
pleads the canft Of the Afylum dMrity with eneiw and rational per- 
loafion. The worthy P^reacher reprefimts the adVantages of thu be- 
nevolent retreat for fenale childhood- and innocence, in fuch a tight, 
dttt, on the (tippofition of its being conduded aocoidui^ to the ^an 
he mentions, we apprehend no perfon will have canfe, in his cooleft 

moments, to repent of having conoibated to its fupperu 

IL Before theHonfe of Lords, Jan. 31, 1774, ^^^^ the Day ap« 
. pointed to be obierved as thel>^t)f the Martvrdom of King 

Charles I. By the Right Rev. Father in <>od Wilbam Lord BUhop 

ofCheAer. 4ta. i«. Payne. 

S^nfible, moderate, and aboonding^with nftfid raSeCUons on tho 

iiiihappy ^onfeqaenoes of defpottc attempts to fnbvert tho nataral or 

conftittttional r%hts of a people ^M^tti mm btrnd^ — and on the aiA 

. diieft arifing ftSok the fptrit of tUfcord, Ibdition, and fimattctfin, •m 

CO RRESPONDENCE. '^ 
T(f tht EotiTOR of ihi Monthly Review. 
MONG the arddes of Correfpondence fbr '* Jaaaary,*' there 
_x is one figned ** ImpartiU,^* npon which I beg leave to make 
fome remarks. It is with relaftance, I own, that I offer to take }sp 
muf p»t of a work, defigned for general infonaMont. with the con^ 
corns of a few individoals: bat as the Monthly Reviews will moft 
probably fnrvive many other publications, and perhaps become the 
a^ejbulces for fupplyinq^ the hiftoiic^ page- with accpontt of men and 
things of the prefeat times; no man.wonld chafir to be there re* 
corded as a tranfgreAbr without caofe, thpugh allowed by his ^ta« 
gonift to poflefs *< a fuperior and amiable rharafter.^ 

0£ J>u Leeds, the canfe of this difpute, I /hall only fay, the Pa« 
cwlqr at Edinbofgh will not foon forget himf and the College of 
Piiyficiaas in London, who at lead are as good judges as tmfaftial» 
hnd not the moft fiivoarable opinion of his abilities, '^ . 

Of Impartial it may be juftly faid, that in vindicating tho arbitra* 
.tOTip he. Has paid no great complime.nt to the inu>artialijLv of |hat 
hodv of peopfe to whom Dr. Fothergill belongs, when he iajrs, thai; 
'^ ihey fwerved from their common rales of procedure, fearing that 
<* Pr. F» might not eafity be induced to make a proper acknowledge 

«* men^ 



14& C^ R A »d PoN D B H C S. 

** ni^nt» fltoitld tiic cbtnpkitit ^griiift liifn ajppetr to he )•&« ttd 
^ confidenng thst liie refalkl foto^O-fiiaft /ubje^l him to a ibknui 

f idioiB : . tht Society IomWb no mtki hi jodgnrtnt ; and Dr. F. sever 
gave .them an/ rdom to doabt t)f ^a juft iriib«uffio& to the tales ^ 
ui^bfcnbes to.— —Impartial mi^ l^ave |[ivcn a trncr Tcafbn ; ^mt k 
wpald not have ierved the tam o/'mifi>eprei^ta{Son* 

" Wn J^air/' (kys Impartial, ♦« of which much has bce» fi^d, hot 
** little known; and which might have pafied ^oiecl/to oblivioa, 
^ had not your Corrofpondent feealkd it into notice.^'-— £ut fhodd 
it not have'betfn rtrticmbcred-who pobllflied x\ic^^pialr If the Ap- 
peal had not been ^ubHni«drth#'i?tf'M«9«^i had never appeaved-^aod 
If Impartial could We reilfaiftMl'his pen» thia Addrels wo«)d have 
fceeti ilnnccefiary, - ■ 

The'Pnl^c w411:peHnip8 ht leMMod t^jtjidgeof nhepropfiet/ wkh 
whiehlmpartialaflvHiles-his •ehtfftfiS^r^ when they are informed that 
dieAppealy ^tch contains a 'mutilated, invidioas, aad partial cc« 
€6imtSof the ihit(ttii<elerftandin^-betweeii Drsr P. itnd^. was^pobli&cd 
(andj-as'it-is'ftfpi^fcd, b v thf s Invpartial Convfpdndeot) pncciidf 
at a time» wheii he^cnewtnere'wBS a profpcft of diftnbtuing hiaper* 
fonhance^lhrbttgh tyttf pait of the nation ; and at -a. tl ode when he 
IcnifW it^Wfii impoffiblefer Dr. Fothc^^ll <o make «ny ra^y^tvxt, 
if he had thciogk oneneeaflhi^i ^\t. ju(l at thebegbiniifg of thdr 
yearly meeting in London, when the duties he owed to ckeSocie;! 
Were added to thofe of his pil^ftflion. 

' Coald'tfny nfeffil 7>arpo<e be Served by it, a foil detail of dm 
tranfa^^R, 'Toppoited by iitdabitable evidence, mugh be laid befot 
thoPoblk; knfd'perhap8^a«fotti(/» if thtre were ihrlifeccHdaace «f 
what is but too ftrongly fufpefled ; viz. that thofe men hai« bica 
the furemofl in e jc ci i ing a m i - fupp o i t ing ihi r vew ati o ua hnfincfe , irte 
, hadtheleail reafon of all'OiiherstOieagage.iii it;vi>atwho, aSiag 
behind the cnrtain^. could not ')propefiy, wil^ooi^ ^ch evideiice, Ik 
Jsroi^ht forward to rccdvc the rcw^d of their zeal in foch a ppb- 
licadon. , . 

March ?4, iji^^ i^M I C US. 

* Ti i/ C O R R £ C T E D.' 

A miiblkc of tbf prefs, in our lad, p;'i6o. 

In the account of Dr. Henry's fermon, inlkad of * The import- 
ancc and yfcfujnds of divine i-cvelation are here jttdicipQily ftated, 
.enforced^ * and ihcwn, &c.' read— T'i^f importance and ufi/nbuft ^ 
DiviNB*RiVKLATioii art hire juJicioufy ftated and enforced 5 ^nd rr 
u Jbenun to he the moft eWeQual means ^ &c. 

•^ t^ Our Kcadcrs will the more readily excufe {as^' ejirapts as ws^y 
particularly, occur in the A^flicet of each Review, when x\^ tst 
informed that we have not ^fo near the day ofpublication) di&eii^ 
.ficicat f)r rcvifing the articles in that (heet. 

*•* The cpntipuation of the Philofophical Tran/aaions^ vol. fcrii 
has, by unforefecn accidents, been too long del?iyed; but we trai 
aothing will prevent our refuming this article ixi^our next rnunb^* 



•• T H ^- ■.:,., 

A!ONTttLY REVIEW, 



^kt/!. itci^^ //«£<i ^iW^r.^The lUlitii Schbot of Piindogs 
; cbhfifling of FohvPrinti, taken froifa. He Workl of M the great 

Italian Mztt'M ; I5^iikning with hUfBttelJagda^ and endiDg witk 
^ the Caracef. ' Executed tttoder the liMfMBon of Mr. Hatoihon, at 

ftome ; tty (Re 4ritfft etaiiiMt EigMven. fdio. Orand Paper. 

- ^aU t4tr^, Pttbliihed by MnHaariilttiii, 1773; and Ibid bf 

- rMr. Beli^ in ilMteaad, Lmidoiu 

VIplHE pr^vairing tafte of itAi natioh for paltithtfft and dc* 
X S^i^ engravings, leaves ito lio irobm to dooot the wel« 

'€piste ^ece{>ti6n of this cdledion of beautiful printf, «ttiong the 

'^Mnrn add proibocers of the fine arts; for, ai a latenvricer 
' has bbferVed^ Italy is to the tn6deh)»t w)lat Egypt ifaa to Ae 

.luictei^ts : a country abounding not only with nuuiv natural ca- 
tidfiries, Und tKe nob)eft rMaiiil of antiqiiity, but with ihe richeft 
^oduaions of the polite irtt : irckieBdM, -fculptuie, pafai*- 
ing, ahd mufic, having there been curried tb the hi^ieft degree 
lof perfedion to WMeh thb ingenuity of mankind hath yetatuined. 
Moft of tbefe plates are, itodeed, excellent perfennances ( 
ind tfai^ publicitibn i$ a proof that there are, at this time, en«> 
graven at Rome, who, tp fay tbc leaft of t&eir merit, are equal 
to aiiy other artifta in Europe, we would here particularljr 

. tlifttnguHb Dm^ G«Am^«, and V^^tHo ; wbofe engravings fron& 
Ibme ca(Ntal paintings of the firft mafters, are, we are teniptc4 
tb ftyi admirable j hot oHly for At ttaaaiBeflKittof tbe toed, but 
for corredncft bf drawing. 

The great aktifls whofe pencilled beauties are here refiefted 
l>y the graver, are as fellow^ vilb. Michael Angelo Buonarottt 
I^onardo da Vinci, Fra« fiartolomeo, Andrea del Sarto, Ra(« 

.lad d* Uibino, Ju)io Romano, Pblidoco^ Parmeglano, Cor- 
feggio, Barocci,. Oiorgioni, Titian, Paid Veronefe,*Tintorett9 
^^aflan, Palma, the Cacacci, Domeoicbino, Guidd Refii,^Guer* 

• cino^ Albano, Laufranco, and Mtdiaal Angelo Caravi^gio. 
Vat. L, R ^ Tilt 



10 The Italian School of PmMtn^: 

The general merit of the paintings produced by the cde* 
brtted mafters above-mentioned, is fo weU and fo uoiveriallf 
known, that it would be^ -fuperfloaus to expatiate on them. 
In one refpe^l, however, we cannot entirely approve of this 
fele&iop^opi Ijhcir worl^; for a^hough Mr. r^ainil^on maf, ^ 
a i>9inteo^ have been fu^cientlj^ ha^py if nk chojce» /et^ 
mud obferve, that the religion of the country nath, m our opi* 
nion, led mod of the Roman Catholic painters into foftie very 
improper repr^fritiations. ] W^ile we adv^ire ihcir ipaftcrly extm* 
tion^ we jaugh at th(!r legendary fubje^s*, their martynkxns, 
and -their mafria^s of ^aints^^ fp that wherethe artift intended 
tp excite devoti<^ in th^ unind of the fpedator, . the objed.ex* 
hibited hath often produced a contrary eSed.* . . 

But it is not merely to ChriQian fubjeds that we objed; 
/gme of t^^f<^ afforded bv the Old Tei]tament,are, furely, uo6t 
.*tQ appear on the canvas, or AthP plate. R^fe, for ihftance, is a 
4»((S^e oi Mic^iael Aogelo.'9» <f^. the fait of man\ and another by 
fehp S^ms. n[>aiUr» op xh^^rmi'^ ^ ^Hh '}^ which laft is a 
ytmf fiincb figure -ot as* old^gtnikinan, wbp.jnight pa& ex« 
frea[}e!})^.weU fpf a Plato, or ^CpnCaciuK^ and attrad our re^ 
Terence ; but when we conilder it as a. reprdfentation of the 
-fdrn^ «n4%«^re of |hp Sufremb BEijfOt *^ whom no eye ^sjfL 
*^ fecn»; (V can fee,.'* we arr i^ked at the prefumptioo of 'the 
;|iaipter^; ;uid what was. d^fign^d to raife-pur conceptions to 
.the <uimoft height of fublimity, tends only to excite an idea 
tmremcly jderogatory i^ the infinite majefty of the awful 

fabksT^ V \ 

. The lovilies of, the IJ«»atbeR deities, heroes^ nymphs, and 
fttyfs,. 4ifibrd an, aoq^le ^#fi4 le& exceptionablf field for the 
exercife of the painter^s imagination. Many ot the meumor- 
.phofes jn Ovid give no Tieafonable caufe of pffence either to 
.the idtgion or the morality of the prefent times \ and of thdfe 
ther&are (bone very beautiful repre(entaMon$ in the.noble coUec- 

* There ate Several other attempts to reprefent the Almighty in 
an hatmm iomi^'hY their ^ateft painters ; and fotae of theib pieces 
have htth ^disired for their beauty and grandeot ; bat by what cnie* 
* rihn are tOit\c performances jodgsd i . 

I^hft paiiiters have endeavonred to vindicate their piadt<;e of le- 
prefenting Divine Beings under hnman 6gures ; and have pleaded 
th^ aathority of ^he OldTcftaincnt in general, and of Daniers vi- 
ilon in particular, viz. chi^. viii. ver. 9. ^' I beheld till the thrones 
**^ were caft down, and the Ancient of Days did (it, whofe gsr- 
'^ ment Was white as fnow. ai\d the hair of his head like the pore 
*' wool : his throne wts lilte the fiery flame, and. his wheels as biira*> 
^'^ingfir^/^ Butliowidie is it fo quote ^ch figurative peHbilit- 
cati6ns,. iind from the(e examples to paint the lavifible God like as 
old Pati^aich, with a bog beard, which^ at the beft, b bat the r^ 
•ftmbUttce of a man ia the decline of life ! 

6 tiea 



tlM now btfore 411^3 but it were rather t»lif vnAffiA tliatjihe vt« 
doaa amours qF Jupiter and Apollo, with the drunken freaks of 
Bacclmsi &e« &c, were all made to give waj enfhely, a>id 
for ever J to more iifhocent and more edifying objcas. The 
^ ftores of Nature, al! l>eauteoa$) dcgdnt, and grand, arc inex- 
hauftlble. Let thefe be ftudied, ad th^y have IsTudibly been, 
by many excellent artifts, rather thp the monftrous fi£lionfi of 
the poetSk Let the pen.of thelliftori^n, however, continue to 
find emplojrment for the pencil. Hiiiory will always fornifli 
^f>per fubjefis for the efliolation, inftruAiony ^or dielight of 
mankind \ and perhaps it may with truth be faid^ tharone 6f 
Mte greatefl atchievements cf the Oilman* geif|iiS4 is a' capital 
biftbry-piece, executed with all the powers and^heart of a 
Raphael, aTitiatl, a Corregio, o^ a Ruben^. • 

Art. IL Tht Inftxihlt Cafti'ot ; a Tragedy. By Mifs Hanaah 
More*, 8fo, it. 6d* Cadell, &c. 1774." ' 

To Greece no more the tuncfui ft)aid8 belong. 

Nor the Ugh hoi^oors pf^ ioiiBOrt|il (bog \ 

To More, Bftooifs^, Lsnox, Aiicin, CAi^Tsa <iae« 

. ToGtIVlLLE, GaiFPlTH, WUATELEYy-^aN^AQU ! 

Theirs the ftrong geoius, theirs the voice divine \ 

EAnd favourliie Phosbus owns tl^e Bairuu Nitss. . « „ 
Lev.at.eo wi^ the bonqur of 0iir .fair countrywomen, we 
^ had almoft forgot the feverity df crittcifoi and the infirmi* 
iietf.of age, and were hobbling Into rhyme ; but^ leaving 'to 
them the palni of *verfe, and contenting ourfelvcfi With waiffng 
t>n them in their excurfionsy we (hfaHattend oui- very ItgeWoui 
llnd amiable Author through the well-drawn fcenes of her 7«- 
Jlixibli Captive. 

This tragedy is founded on the Mtilid 2?tf^^Zi of Mctaftafio j 
But/ being extended to five ads, Mifs More was frequently 
ynder a neceiSty of becoming original, and of depending OR|icr 
Qwn invention. \ ' ^ 

Prefixed to the play ia the following argument : !, .. , 

* Amongil all the great names, which have done honour to anti* 
ivihy in general, and to the Roman reboblic !n patticular, that of 
Marem Attilius Re^ulas has, by the general confent of all ages, bcca 
eonfidered as one t>f the moft refpedtabte, fince he not only facdficed 
his labours, hfs liberty, ahd his life, -for the good of Vn conntry, 
bat by a grtatnefii^f^ Ibnl, almoft peculiar to himfeK contrived to 
aiakfi his. very ■nsfbrtoaet contribata to* that rtorlous eiidv 

< After the Romint ladn^et with larioas luccefiirs in- the firA Pai 

' tMC war, ander the command of Ragul|l»» vi^ory at kng^h dkflared « 

for the OD]poiitepu'ty, the Roman army. was totally ovfftJirQvHii and 

RegalUs jiimieir ^ken prifoner, by kaatiffMs^ a Laced^monw)' ge- 

heralin the (ervice of the Ci^rthagiiyanP : the vi^orious enemy exuit- 

*^ Author of Thi Search after Hafpiiufs^ rccoranien4fld in our Rc- 
TiCir for September, 1773, 

& a ing 



«44 ^ InJUxtUt Cspthi ; t Tragedy* 

ing to b important tconqQeft* kept htm niisy yttrt iir cfoftr tefrf» 
faMBeat, and loadad 1dm witli die moft cniel indignitief. Totf 
tluM^ k was D«w in chett p t# er to make their owir terait witk 
Rome, and determined to And Regitkit thither, wicb their amhaft* 
dor, to jicgbtiate a peace, or, at leaft, an exchange of a^civet^ 
thinking he would {gladly perfoade his coonti^men to diicoaUoae a 
war, which neceilarily prolonged hit ciptivity. They previoiifly 
exaded from him an oath to retam (boura his embafTy prove anfoc- 
cefsftti ; at the fame time giving him to nnderiland. that he mut ex- 
fe€t to fnffer a cmel death if he failed in it ; this tbey artfully inti- 
mated as dieftrongeft motive fbrhim to leave no means onattempced. 
to accompliih dieir porpolfe. 

' At the oneiMded* arrivd of thit venerable heft>, theRcaian» 
expreffed the wiloift tnnfporti of joy, and woold have febmttted to 
2lmo(k any conditions to piocare his enlargement; bat Regnlns, (6 
far from availing himfelf of his influence with the Senate to obcaia 
any perfonai advantages, employed it to induQB them to rejed pro* 
pofals fo evidently tending to difhonour their country, declaring hi* ' 
£xed reiblation to return to bondage and death rather than violate 
his oath. 

' He at laft extorted from them their oenfent ; and departed amidll 
the tears of his family, the importunities of his friends^ the ap- 
planfes of the Senate, and the tumultuous oppofition of the people ^ 
and as a great poet of his own nation beautifully obferves, ** he em- 
barked for Cartha^ as calm and unconcerned, as if, on finifhi^ 
the tedious law-iiuts of his clients, he was retiring to Vimmfrigm 
£elds, or the iweec country of Tanntim*^* 

* In the above, and many other important particulars, the Au* 
Ihor has paid the ftrideft regard to hiftorical truth : in -ibme k& 
cflbktial pomts, where (be thought it would rather obBtruQ than ad- 
yance her purpofe, (he has ventured to deviate from it « parttcuUrly» 
in fixing the return of Regains to Rome, pofterior 'to the death of 
his wife Martia* In this, as well as in the pnerml condoft of the 
ftory, (he has followed the Italian poet Metaftafio, in hb opera om' 
thisfufajed.' 

It is not worth while here to detaiti our Readen by a difplaf 
of erudition, in ftatiug the arguments that have been adduced 
by learned men, at different periodsi for and again(t the punifli- 
ment and patriotifm, and even the exigence pf fucb a man a% 
Regulus. If there never was fuch a perfpn, there would, per- 
bapa, be no great harduiefs in pronouncing that there never 
will be fuch a one; but it is our opinion that the truth liet 
here, where it generally lies, in the middle, and that there was 
feme diftinguifhed Roman called Regolos, the events of whole 
life have been hypcrboiically related, and wbofe pMrtoilccfan- 
raaer has been overcharged. In pity, at lealJ, of modem n- 
triotifln, and in charity, we fhould think fo. 

The Rigultts^ like the reft of Metaftafio^s wt)rks, abonrnh^ 
almoft every where, with thofe fine moral diftinaions fo pecu- 

* Hoa. book iii. ode £• 

lam 



Ifbi InfMfUi Capthi I a Tn^y. 245 

llirtolib^nius and maimer; and to (ay that theft have uikler* 
gone 00 diradvaniiiige ia tb/^InfieftibU Caf$kfi^ would be fliewing 
ourielves.verj pomrioHS ia the fair Author's praiiiB. She ha8« 
iodeedfia all inftancet, fupported, in many, improfed^^ion the 
ienie and fpirit of tbeltatiaA poet % and where flie has found it- 
neceffitfy to have vteentft to nerfelf, and enlarge die original 
plan^ fhe has done it with a degree of judj^enC that eottld be 
expeded only from every privilege of experience* with a degree 
of genius which leaves not even MetaftaGo to look down upon 
her. 

Of diat dignity of foul and fentiment which diftioguifli this 
tragedy, take the following fpecineny from the converlktion 
that pafied between Regulus and his foo Publius, &c. 

ACT III. 

£4fni a Portico of a PaJaavjitbout the Gates 0/ltmi, iti Abode of tli 

'Carthaginian Ambajfador, 

Enter REGULUS and ? p B LI U S, meetisi. 

JLeo. Ah !. Publius here, at fucli a time i^ (his ? 

Know^il thou th' important qaeftion that the Senate 

This yexy hour debate ?— thy country's glory» 

Thy father's honour, and the public good i 

And lingereil here ? 
I^ua.j They're not yet met 

Reo« Away— -^ 

Support my coun&l in th' aflemfaled fenate. 

Confirm their wavering virtue iiv thy coun^. 

And Regului fhall glory in his boy. 
J^ua*. Ah ! fpare thy Tqu the moft ungrateful taflu 

What l-^fujpplicate the ruin of my fiither ? 
Rbo« The^good of Rome can never hurt her Ions. 
PuB« In mty to thy children, ijpiare thy&lf. 
R£G. Doft thou then chink that nineft a ftoMitt bravVyg 

That Regulus would ra&h feeh his fate ? 

Piibtius ! how little don thou know thy fire ! 

Misjudging youth ! learn, that like Wifrr men, 

I fliun the tviU and I ieek the ^W, 

But thaJt 1 find in gniU^ and thu in mirtue. 

W«re it not guilt, guilt of the blackeft dye» 

Even to think of freed<An at th* expeoce 

Of ny d^ar bleeding country X therefi^re life 

And liberty wou'd be my beaviefi iwls ; 
' But to preferui that countrv, to rq^ort her, 

T9 heal her wounds though at the price of life^ 

Is v/rtK/-^thcrefore fermitnde^ and deaths 

Are Regulus's ^W— his wi^J— his chvice. 
PoB. Yet wre our country— — 
^ittc. Is a 94/&//, my Publius, 

Of which we sdl are /«r/#, nor (hould a citizen 

Regard bit interefts as diftln£t from het't ; 

No hopes, or fear« ihouM touch his patriot fi>al» 

Jt 3 ^^ 



1^ Tbi InfiixthU Cttptive i a Tragedy^ :' 

Bat wbat tLfkStJ^' honour f or hit fiisine. 
^▼*n wfaefi in hoffiie fields he Slmis to-finre ^tfp 
Tis not bis blood he lofet, tis kis iomttr/ii 
|€e only pays ter back a debc ke ow^ 
To iir bs'f bouad for birth, and edocttioat 
Kcf V^Kitf fecvre hm f^om domefticf^^%t 
AvA from the /orisgm foe her arms prot^ hinu 
$he lends him honour^, . diffnity^ and rai^, 
Hifi wrongs revenges, and his merit pays ; 
And Tike a tender, and indulgent mother. 
Loads him with comforts, and wou'd^mak^ hit fti^ 
As blefsM as nature, and the gods de^en'd it* 
Such gifts, my (on, hav6 their alloy of /9tM*, 
And let tk* unwarihy wretch who v^ill aoc bear 
His portion of the fu^lic hurtben^ lo(e 
Th' aJvant/igi4 it yields, — let bim retire 
From the dear bleflings of a fecial life. 
Renounce the civiliz d abodes of man. 
And with aflbci^e brutes a fhelter feek 
In horrid wilds, and dens, and dreary caves. 
And with their fhaggy tenants ihare the fpoif ; 
Or if the favage hunters mifs their prey. 
From fcatter*d acorns pick a fcanty mealy- 
Far from the fwc^t civilities of life ; 
There let him live, and vaant his wretched freedom* 

Pub. With reverence and aftoniibment I hear thee ! 
Thy words, my father, have tonvinc'd my rea/on^ 
But cannot touch my ^Mr/-*nature denies %' 
Obedience fo repugnant to her feelings. 
Alas ! can I forget i am a fon ? 

Rbg, Apoorexcufe, unworthy of a Roman ! 

Brutus, Virginius, Marilius — they were Withers, 

Pub. Tis true, they were ; biit this heroic greatnefs^ 
This glorious elevation of the foul. 
Hath been confinM toy4/^#r/.— Rome till now 
Boafts not a fin of fuch /urpaffing n^irtut^ 
Who, fpurning all the ties of blood, and natures 
Hath labour'd to procure his father's death. 

Reg. Then be the firft to give the great example— 
Go, haften, be thjjflf that fin^ my Pubjius. — 

Pub. My father! ah! 

Rkc. Publius, no more, begone— 

Attend the fenate — let me know my fate, 
'Twill be more glorious if announcM by thee« 

Pub. Too much, too much>. thy rigid vlrtac claimf 
From thy unhappy fon. Oh nature, nature! 

Reg. Publius ! am 1 a ftranger, or thy ^thcr? 
If thou regard *ft me as an aUn^ here^ 
Learn to prefbr to mine the good of Rome j 
1/ as a father — reverence my commands'. * 

Pub. Ah ! cooId*ft thou look into my inmoft fbul. 
And fee how warm it bums with lov^, and duty. 



Thou 




[hy vvordi, ,p 
breaft, ; " 
The virtue I wou'jd wiih fhouM (Toirifh there 
Wcw/ci?f/ftwi5r, not weak coiijglilnin^/fif^^. ..; 
PjUB. If thou requir*ftthe ^/jpo/of^PabliLrs, 
ril fhed it all, ahi grieve to Jo fo lltilc ; 
9at when tllOQ doft anjoin the Karth^r taik 
Of laboring t6 procure my fkfier & death. 
Forgive tSy fon-^h€ has not fo much virtue, ,\ 

* Manit R E G U L U S. 
Th* important hour approaches, and my fou! \ 

Lofes her wonted calmnefa, kfl the lenate * # * . 

Should' doubt what anfwer to j^iuni t& C^rthagd^ 
O ve prote£ting deities of Rome t 

Ye guardian g»ds, look dowQ propitious on h4r^ 

lufpire her fenate with your facred wirjom, 

i^nd call up all that^ Roman in their fouls 1 
Eatir M A N L I U S, /peaking^ 
See that the lidtors wait, and guard the entrailce-:- 

Take eve that none intrude, 
|Leg* Ah ! Manlius here ! 

WluLt can this mean ? 
Man. Where, where is Regdlui ? , , 

The great, the god-like, the invincible ? 

Oh let me ftrain the hero to my breail.— 
Rbg. anitnSihg him. Manlius, ftaiid off, remember Pm a Have ! 

And thou Rome's Cohful — r- 
Man. I am foniething mwt: 

\ am a mk'ii enamour'd of thy yirtutt ; 

Thy fortitude and courage tave fubdued irie. -, , 

I nfios thy r/^^/ — 1 am nmj^ \\iy frttnJ, 

Allow m^ tkat dininflion, dearer fkr 

ThUi all the honours Rome can giv^ *wttiiut it* 
Rbg. This is the temper ft ill of n^hle minds, 

And thefe the blefUcgs of an humble fortune. 

Had I not been -^Jlav*^ I ne'er had gain*d 

The tircafure of thy friend fhip* 
Mak. r confefs. 

Thy grsmdciir call a veil before my eyes, , 

Which thy revcrfe of fortune has removed. 

Oft have I feen thee on the day of' triumph, 

A conquer of nations enter Rome, 

Now, thou haflf f:on^er'd fortunt^ and tlrfftlf. 

Thy UuftU oft haVe mov'd my foul to iwvy^ 

Thy xhains ^waken my rejpe^, and tntirinai 

Tbim^ Rdguld^ a|ppeat'd a Bero to me. 

He rifcs now t Gcd. , 

Rbo. Manlius, enough* 

Ceaf(; tby.fppbi^f(^», fbr praiies fucli as'ththe. 

Might tempt die nibfl fevere.ahd cautious virtut* 

BlM'd be Ue gods, who gild my latier days, 

* R 4 Wiih 



%^. thih/lmhbCapti90i uTttgtij^ 

Witft^the bright glory of Ao Conful't friendfiuf I 
>f 4ir» Forbid it, Jov^ (ki4'ft tbou thy Atf//r days I 

May gracioas h^/n to a far dUUnt hour 

Procrad thy vala'4 Ulc. Be it ipr ear^ 
* To crown the hopea of thy admiring cbqntry. 

By giving buck her lobg-loft hero to her. 

I wQl exert my powtr to br}nj^ aboqt 

Th* excb^gc of captives Africa propofea* 
)^CG. Manlius, and is it /itar, is tiiii the way 

Thou idoft hpm tagtvesioptoofs of frioiidAipf 

Ah ! if thy Uvf be lo deftra6Uve to me. 

Tell me, alas ! what would thy hatnM be I 
^ Shall i then lofe the mmt of fny inffiuings, 
^ Be thus Ji/rmadf J of t^e bfne^t 

I vainly hop'd from all my years oihmUiet 

I did not come to ibew my chains to Rome, 

To move my country to a weak com|>affion \ 

I came to fave her bmt^t to preferve her 

From tarniihing h^r glory, bv accepting 

iPropofals fo in^arioas to her fame. 

Manlios ! ^ither gi^e me proofs more worthy 
A Roman's friendOiip, or renew thy ib^f • 

Mah. Doft thoa not know, that the exchange refns*4a 

Ineviubk Jiuib moft be thy fate \ 
|Le6. And has the name d( death fach terror in it 
. Tollrike with dread the mighty foul of MaidiiN? 

'Tis not to-day 1 learn that | an) mortal* 

The foe can only take from Regnlus 
' What wearied nature would l|a^ ftortly yieUcd | 

It will be JVM4I a voluntary ^j/>t 

'Twbnid thin become a neceflary tribute. 

Yei, Manlitts, tell the world tbn as I liv*d 

For Rome alone, when I cou*d lire aa longer, 

*Twas my laft care how* djfin^^ to aS^ 

To fa've tha^ ceuntfj \ had Uvd \m jirvu 
Man* O worth nnpan|Ue)M J thrice happy Room I ' 

Uneqoaird in the heroes thoa prodaceft ! 

Haft thoii then fwom, thoa awfuUy-good tttn ( 

Never to blefs the Confnl with thy fi^ai4^hip ? 
£ 1 9. If thott wilt love me, lo?e iqc fike a Roman. 

Thefe are the terms on whic)| I take thy fi^endS^ip^ 

We both moft^make a facrifice to Rome, 

1 of my life, and thpu ptJU^ha : . ' '^ 
One moft refigto his being, one his friend. 

It is but iuft, that what procQreax)ttr coontij 
Such real bIemngS| fuch fi^b^antial good, 
Shon'd coft tJiei fomething— I ih^dl Ipfe bat Qttk^ 
Go then, my friend I bnt promile, ere thoo g0d( 
With ail the Confnlar authQrity, - 
Thou wile fapport my counlel in the fenai^. . 
If thou art willing to accept theie terms 
With u^fport I enibrace thy proffipr'd 6iendll^1p« 

' Mas* 



fiAn, ^9r m pmfi. Yes, I do promiie. 

9t»o. BottDi^oiia gods, I tlicafe yoa ! 

Ve never gave, k ail ycfnr round of bleffing, 
A gift fo greacly weleooe to my ibul. 
As Manlitts' frtendfiiip on the terms of honour ! 

JMan. Immorul powers ! why am not I a flave ? 

|t£C. My friend \ th<^re'9 not a moment to be loft ; 
' iE:ro this peMMps the fenate is aflembled. 
To thee, and to thy viftiies I commit -' 
The d%ttity of Rome— my p»^« and honoar. 

Max. Ilittftnoasaaa^ fiueweUi 

Rio. Farevtrell, my fikadl 

14 A ir« O what a llame thoa haft kindled m my (bol I 
It raifes me to fometbtng more dian many 
Glows in each vein, and tremUes on eadi nerve. 
My blood is fir*d im^ 'utrhu^ and widi iCsisi^ 
And t^^y pnlle beats an alarm to glory* • 
Who woaid not fpnm the icq>tre or a King 
As an unworthy banble, when compared 
With chains like thine ? Thon «ian of cveiy virtoe 
farewell I ijftsiy all th(ff gods prptef!, and bleis thee I . 

Emttr L I C I N i U 8. 

H^o. Now I beeiik to live : propitioos heaves 
Inclines to fivonr me.— — ^Lidnins here ? 

Iljic. With joy, my honoor'd firiend^.I feek thy prefisnosw 

Rig. Andwhyiridijoyf 

jUc. Becanfe my heart once moK 

B^ats high widi Satttiin^ hope. In thy great canfii 
I have befa labouring. 

ILto^ fiay*fttho»in«9Ga«<ef 

{#!€. In thino» and Roasts. Don it cxdte thy wonder? 
Coold^ft thoa fihtn dunk fo poorly of LidftioSt 
That bafe iiq;ratiinde con'd find a pboe 
Within his bolbm ?-^that he coo'd foiget 
Thy thoa&ndaas of fifaodfliip let his yoQtll^ 
Forget it too at that important moment 
When moft he might aflift thee ?— Regolot, 
Thou waft my lamer, geaend, £uher,— «!!• 
Did'ftthoii ndl teach me early how to tread 
The noble path of virtue and of glory. 
Point ottt thewvy and fiiew me how to lovo itt 
v-fiv^ from my iofiiat years— ^ 
* K.IO. * ' But fay» lidaittSi 

What haft thoa dope to farve me ? 

Lie. I k^ve defended 

Tlqriiierqraadlifis! 

jizG. Ah! fpeak— explain**^ . 

{lie, Jnft as the fiithers were abont to meet, 
I kaften'd to the templOf*rat the entmnoe 
Their paflage I retaidod, bv die ftirce 



' ^ * . k. 

To' each fucccffivt 1]^ /fon. ^ac& d)uj|i'4 ^ ' 

A:4fclaAciofe that tbeir otmoftfowcr^ 

Should bis exerted for thy ^fe, |^d fntd^jo^^ ' " 

Reg. Great gods I wh^ 4^,1 h/ear ? Liclmu$,too I ; 
l4C. Not hf»* alone, no, 'ti^ere indeed unjoftj, 

To rob (he fair Atttli^ of J^tr claim 

To filial patfit.— What I cou'd, J did. - , 

Put Jke—Ay charming. dai(giur^ht3[f*u a84 «i»tfc 

What did ibt not to fav« hji;r Afthcf ? 
Rbo. ,. Who? 

Jjc. Attilia. Thy bclo!v*d^-tby Mc'sdvUog! 

Wal l?cr father bkft'd tt^ith fnch a child ? 
* Gods ! how h^r look^joplicgptive all who for her I 

How di(] her foothiM.i^oqoc^ce fubdu« 

The ftoiKeft hearts oTiloine ! How did (hp roai^ 

Conteftdf ng pa^o^s in the brtsAn of all t 

flow fweetiy teaip«r dignity with grief 1 

With w}nt a ib^ ini&itahis grace. 

She prai^'d, rtproach'd» idtreaced, fiatter^dt (bqdi^ ! 
Reg. What &id tbi feoatpn } 
l^c. 1 What f^iMd they &y ? 

Who cOold refill the lovefy conqueror ? 

S^ where (he CDiteit .Hppie dances in her eye^ 

And lighit np all her beauti^a y^q faule§.*^ 
£«ar A T T I L I A. 
■ A#T« Otcemoremydcareft.&ther-^^ < 
Reg. Ahf.piBfiuieiidt. . 

TVytaftmeby ibtttnliiie. Till now, AttiKa^ 

I did not nuinber fJbnAxnoogmf foes.: 
Att. What do I hear ? thy foe ? my ftthei^sibtti . 
Reg. Kfof^9rtf>ffae9«^theftfurd'rer of hit glory. 
Ain Ah ! i» it then a^jubof ^jeattfty / 

To wUh fhbe aU thogobd the gods can gire thce^ 

To yield:«iy kfit if ni^fiil ibr thy fcrrke ? 
Reo. ThouTTsfli, impradem drl ! fehou littk kn«v*ft 

ThrdigiQcy tind wei^ (Df /a^V caret. 

Who roa^ a weak and insatpeiieoc'd wtawv 

The aiMter ofiRc^lns't ftte i 
Lie. Foi* pity's fake, my Lord \ 
Reg* * Pwrerpticr, yamgmMA. 

Her filence beiter ibMi thy language pleads* 

9l^ii Mtt^trltift tile femblaace.of fcy mi tantfr . 

Immortal poiwert I • ^aogbte?, and A S6ttaa 1 
Att. Betuttih^ ( m a daughter, T prefum'd.— — « 

Lie* Becaoie I «w a Romaii, i afoir'd I 

T* op^ofe th' inhttman rigor ot thy fate. 
Rig. Peace]( peace, licinius. He can n^er.&fe cIlTd 

A RoBian who can HVe lirith infamy ; 

Neither ean flie beR^nkit's danghtc^* 

Whofe coward miml wsntt ibrtiiodt MiAlioMiil 

Unhappy dilkbenl nOw ydo make n^e >te/ 

The burthcft- of my chaiaa t ypwef^^£aaaik / 

Hare made me jcaow I am indeed a flave. Bxii Rbculits. 



Wd krov mt whether v^his. tragedy war efibitd to thema<* 
pitgars ^r mo^\ bltt «to fee' ibch plays as fbit deftined to the 
parlour^ and the theatre occ^ied by •••♦•*•» «ad ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ 

gives us a*4^aeeidea of Mie taftc of th^ t>iin^9, with regard tp 
dramatic pMd«Sioi».-«<But,.^cbaps, Uke Johnfon's trene^ Mtfs 
More's p^erformance wants that Jiage^trim and <9^triv€nci^ the 
art of wMck is beft underftood by experienced play- writers \ 
and withont wbicb» the probabiLity qf its fuccefs in the repre* 
lentation, would not^ in a ikilful manager's eftimace, be grea^- 
enough to ratfe his expeiSattom very high^ — whatever might be 
the merit of the work^ confidered as a literary compoficion.. 

. ' . ' ' . ' ' . . ' ip i ■ ■ « ■■ I 11 I I, 

A a T. III. Oh/ervatUns 9n tbi ^wutr of Climate over ^bi Policy^ 

Strewitb, and Maamrs^ of Nftiions, 8vo. 35. fewed. AlmoA^ 

1774- * ■ 

A S. this title is carcul]}ted to^attraQ n6tice, it iz peculiarly 
Jr^ incumbent on us to reprefent the nature and contents o( 
^e performance. . 

Beflde tbofe writers wbbfe judgments are tfiiflcd in the choice 
of topics on which to employ their pens, it often happens that 
a perfon undertakes to treat a fubje^ to Whkh he is very un^ 

3ual ; and with regard to the prefent Obfervations", whatevei^ 
)e Author might propofe to himfelf when Ke framed thetitle- 
page, it has very little a^nity with the Work that follows it, • 
We will honeftly'cohfefs, for our own part, that on reading 
xhfi adyertifement, )ye an^cipated the pleafare of perufing aa 
ingenious philofophic^l tr«|in of reafoning, on a fubjeA that ap« 
pears capable of iaiffprdiAg much amufemcikt to an inquifiiSve 
mind : we foon found ourfelves, however, j^wiidered among c 
rhapfodical croud of political maxims, to wnkrh any other title 
might have fuited.as well as that whtch the Writer has thought 
proper to beflow on his peffqnpance; 

At his outfet, the Author fays fomethingf darkly enough^ 
concerninjg the influence and tendency of climates to produce 
national (uperiority ; but h^ a^ds^^— ^ Yet however great and 
overbearing tbefe natural cau(i|s.may appo^i. Providence hath 
beftowed poweis upon, the^mind able in evtry re^yed to coo^ 
trottl them; 1 onmi thoft of tremfonf :biit thcn^n alnK>ft divine, 
exertion of it becomes Det^fih^^' 

What the Author niay intend by thb « ahnoft divine excr- 
^on,' is as obfcure to us, as the* in^ucince of climates appears 
%o be to him a(!cording to the limited view in whith he fees it« 
Thofe who reafon on the mfluerice of climate, not only con-? 
ceive It V affed t^ .bodily organs, but, in confcquence of that 
opcs-auaOf MnCODUDimiqaM) a.biM %o. the mental faculties^ 
piidialt hpve?er ie ii<it all s. ihere is a variety of natural cir** 
oofyitrottcs peculiar to every country9 tl^e combinatiofi of 
" which 



9j^ Ohfifvatms $u th Power rfCHtMimr ihi 

wliieh will either cb*openue witd^ or tend to couottraft ite 
iofluoDce of climates : and when thefe are duly taken into iba 
tfiimate, we may in ordinary ^(in aocoiuit for ibe 4iffiBfCBC 
policies prevailing in difficirnt nationsy under the fiune or nearly 
the ikme dimatcs ; and coo^Mce them with odicr nations sodcr 
^ the varieties of climate. 

. That it may appear how feon this Writer lofes fight of hb 
peofei&d fubjed^ we (hall produce his fic9nd chapter vtrbadm % 
iti$ intided : 

* Of'the/eivko ni^h3id H eoma origiMol Defies i MMiffTrmdtm 

* Carthage, on the other haAd, fo long the rival of Rome, war 
iduch behind her in thak policy which caacorre£l the natural irnhe* 
tility of ftates ; the wealth which trade bciiows will always miArad 
i|ks po^iTors, who ihould therefore never "have any concern ia the 

• dire£Uon of a great nation ; too partial to tlieir favourite obj^e^ 
they^ attribute to riches almoft omnipotence iifelf; fach was. the cale 
of Tyre ; its inhabitants wealthy be^'ond meaftire, but conihied in 
it^it ideas of government as in territory, totally given np to the 
Hceamnlation of money, they negleded fuch an acqniHtion of land 
aa may form a refpedabte ftii(e» for Hieram refufed the twenty cities 
of Galilee whidi Solomon offered him ; they foppefed no homan 
Stfce coold take a city which contained fo many opulent merchants (. 
luimbers with valour^ however, were fouqd to prevail, and 4lcxan4cr 
deftroyed it. Carthage^ a fiicker from Tvre, llruck rootin a finitfal 
Ibir, where by degrees ihe inighi have fiomiihed and extended her 
* territorial branch^ ; but relying upon trade and colonies too moch, 
Ae had no attention to internal nre^^th ; liioe a thin body with 
Srone and athletic limhs^ but without either a reft or (iipport s mo 
jMOud lor incorporating with her Aeighboors flie would rule shem 
iy her foperior wealth, to that inftead of faithful fellow-citizeos flm 
was an the time of di^reis funouhded by nations who rdotced at hea 
niin, and having no refoarce in a native foldiery was obliged to pnt. 
her troft in pej^mas mercenaries ; fuch are the £itai^conm|jaeQcee 
eiif throwing the management of a Aate into mercaniik baoda« A 
profeffion founded opon ielf-intereft moft contrafl a iBin4 , O^micirile 
well enough difpofedt but totally compreis one which. ^oitfinaUy- 
indifterent; it leaves no room for the gieat idea ol" a wmk; the 
tnovement of the grand machine is too large an o^e^ fiir tBat eye 
which hath been always rivetted m a £ngle wheel; he wh/» hnch 
heen laboarinfl; all the mominf for nanow^rj^ cannoi leave thm 
fi^ behind hmi at the threih^d of the feaatr-Jbonfe, nor can his 
mind bear an occafional (iidden dilatation m the peat patriqc 4ise>. 

. Fmicolar men may be cited agmnft this geoer9rdo6lme» Imt no 
cafe, hoi^xver diftinguilhed for its fingtLurity» can be iaaagined 
which hath not occurred at fome on^ time or other ; a mind pii^ 
have been found mod ftnbbomly nnapt to the hufipeiji It had been 
earned to,^ and by its innate vigour, m fpite of all prpfefional con* 
ftnint, might have retained its original lihcfality } bat, if n me^ 
ciiaBt can be a ftatefman, fure I am that he is fo by natnrt and net 
ad^i ^at io tf t The fow merchants who han been diUngnihod as 



Ibtefmen tit much fpoken of bectufe they were but few : die xaxof 
▼enai ij^retcbes who have crept into parliament without either virtnr 
or enpftcicy have efcaped oar obfervatioDy becanfe fuch charaflers* 
11^ thtif -daft^ were neither tare oor anexpedecL I well know that 
I write tci ih« veiy ttteih both of fiidiion and piejndtce, fori have nor 
k^ fince htani ^f a AoUe<lorcU at thie head indeed of a board of 
iradei declare* in the •ppet ho»fe» the Bxkifli nation to be meteif «f 
nation of comtnerce ; that ^commerce to a- moderate d^rce is verf 
viefttl to a people oo perfon .will deny ; but to make every confide*^ 
KUion of honour and juftice give way to commercial policy; to pe<i 
tip with national indignities through a confideration of fome pettf. 
advantages, in trade, whith indignities are much more durable in - 
their bad efiefts, than a (^lfi(h unfeeling minifler of a narrow de< 
p^rtment can forefee. is disgraceful to a nation, which has nxades 
refpe^b^ figure in Europe, and muft fink the fpirits of her neof^e 
ainch tower than thofe of a brave people. ought to be. 1 do oor 
write againd trade, I fpeak s^ainft its excefs. and if it Oionld be 
laid in reply, that moderation is not atuinable, I ihali ca:ttdidly «c». 
Jtnowled^ th^t I look oiJob a total abfence of trade as a lefl*er evil 
ahaa Uiat which moft fellow where a fordid commercial* ipirit is jful^ 
ier^d entire^ to predoninate. 

^ To detail the tranfadUoni of the Eaft India Company would be 
to £ive a narrative of fundry monopolies, or of the nu^ fiipckin^ 
and horrid crimes; amongft then" we fee the dreadful eFe£U of let- 
ting a band of rapadons merchants, or thofe who aiTumed the mer*' 
can tile charaiQer, armed with the powers of fovereignty, loofe opoit: 
an inaoceot indnftrions people, who coaM be charged with no«nm» 
liy the Btitifli aatton except that of being rich, cowardly, and there^ 
lore of eafy conqneft : we have feen ^em plnnder, murder^ .aoA 
fiarve thefe innocent wretches with impunity. ThePernvian& and 
Mexicans were only deprived of their gold, the produce of xheijq 
mountains ; the Eaft Indians were robbed of what th^y had ac^ 
quired by theii' labour and indufby. We have feen reprobates go 
ont to India whofe vtCer or incapacity made it impoflible for them t^^ 
be fobiiiied at hoaie, and within a (hort time we have feea them,re-»* 
taitei loaded with w^th and with iniquity ; by bribery and cormp- 
tioii we have feen them deilroying the morala of the Britifli confti* 
taentSy and p^acins not only themfelvea in the feat of legiflatnte^ 
bat carrying into the Ipwer hoofe a train of memtal fenators under 
their abfolute dire£tt6n ; and we moft know, notwitfaftanfiing the 9£t 
«vhich has-been made nfe of to perioade the worlds that theCoud) 
«^«8 fineere and in eamcfl when L« C. was attacked by the ConmonH 
that unlefi feme perfbns very hi|[h in power had been corruptly ob- 
tained, thit arch delinquent, with many ot]tiers, even in thefe dayt 
^avowed peculation, could never have efcaped; but what is moft 
to be vtgretted, we now defpair of feeing any delinquent of magi^L^ 
tfMle fb£cient to form an ofeful examjile, ever fufer for thefe enciri 
jDities.^ Thefe th^igs have been caufed by trade, or under colour 
of trade, and they are not puniihed, b^ufe men eiiher cbacemoA 
in like crimes, or who hope it may one day be their own turn ta 
partake in tmolumentaf of the fen^e kind, who forgive that they may 



he tegtvim^ do oon^Qstote ^ 'grdbr a pm of tKe fbveneigti or k^ 
hxxftt power. Every pro&flloa in a commainty iboald be fabjed W 
fimie kind of controcil, aod if a merchant wants contreml, no pcHtsi 
ib improper to be the dontroalers as merdnrets. A Roanra miaior« 
we well know, viras not {netted to bare a veM ai km coniiMa^ 
nore dian a certain {jnall aeafutCf eooogk for tbc lopplf of hit 
^mily. Tbe pro£ts accmiag id a metchttu oogbt to be iixfficieat^ 
iatisfy ht«i ; let bim leave tp tlte cofokig geoeraidofi ^ cnyoyacie 
of bononn, wben tbe faeculeactes of ttiuie ihall bt pnrgod mwwf^ 
§tft I aaOf and always ftiall be of Mr. Harrington's opiakm, that no 
^an was ever a Icgidator, who had not been a goitlemxa ; a geatk- 
man before be was a leghlator, not a gentleman btouii^ be was a 
Iqgtilaton I know tbe ellimation in which ftfrne writeit have b^ 
^e Icgiflation of Mr. Penn, but were it not for tbe fword of tbe 
mother conntryt from t(ie want of fome n^ililary ingre d ie no in tbe 
government of PenDfylvattsa, whi«b a gentleman woifid have uifiiM, 
iu inbabitaQtSy pafitve and inanimate^ would be incapable of d*- 
fmdfpg tbemfelvei.t 

- There is in this chapter a ftrange mixture of abfurdity and 
good remarks ; b«t to what do tb^ sdl relate t Not to the ia* 
flueope of cHmates, hut to xhe.bi^s of traffic i afld even this is 
hot feen by the Author in a clear point of view. A legiilativc 
body would be rery ill felefkd^ tf compofed .wholly ^her of 
ipen of landed eftates> or of m5rcbaats. Landed qica hairc one 
gcand objed cbnfiantly to promote^— their territorial poorer aad 
^lence i of which wd have formerly bad fevere expprieaoe in 
6«r fieudid times : mccohants, however thisWritersn^ de^ife 
Aemv are adaated by more exten^e and more liberal notions; 
h was trade that Extricated the common people from feudal ty* 
raony, and brought the villain within the letier of Magna Cbartai 
as a free man, as well as hts lord. There are» neverthde^ 
^streams in aJI things, and all ext;rean)s are prejudicial ^ na< 
tions may certainly over-trade tben^febes as irdl as fQ4ayiduakt 
•and therefore U^ laqtde^ and tradtngrint^e(h ihoiiid ^^nke in tbe 
maaagenaent of owe natbnal affairs, that the eiieeflbs «f «ithcr 
saay be correded. But what is the magic which thie-W^riter 
liippofes to be contained in the term Ginilemanf A man who 
laifes himfelf from a low ftation by laudable means, gives fo 
far better evidence of his talents, than another who claims rank 
from the m^re circumftance ef birth : a^ncl to talce the .merit of 
the latter upon triift, is no evidence of peneixatian« whatever 
refpc^ble pamc may be drawn ia to fanClify tbe pofitjion. In 
ai>other pl^ce, and in sn exprtfe obapler^ ottr Author has not 
gtveo us the moft^alted defcriptiofi of otir aobihiy and g^ 
try \ and the authom)r of another great writer may be cited oa 
Ibis folijeA, who fiiysj^ - 

** What can eniloble fotSf or flaves, ' or cowards f 
Alas ! not all tbb blood oiFall the Howards.** 

Kor 



**1jIorar| t|ejjccuHai;|)Vin grbuni 

hn whic^ ti^jptt^Jipi i gep^;|lfnncIpi^'ylri,Vi^ this chap- 
PU jati^vqi: Je^.ta ajiy 10^^ ^^D^^ li^r ho^ 

kMy ^BjTnWlM the ptoH^l (f*»<^ it ^Jjerf «2., 
r u the nailing ciiam^^ist^^ wj^f fie. i8LC|4^(aUy hiot^^ 
'Aata'tt^ion.liM* noitfafidf •r^fiMithcdjr^iis^thou^l lo hfi a, 
Ai^kiefir A^ferlpticm. *^ TWo'^ovntrie* only itofvciouimriy rpe»> 
IdfiecT attij Cr^tis^ of ; h«t^ hbt'e^eti th^ iW' Ihc^ iiMitHicf wtudk 
the titfc |)ronflBfes.* TheTc afcTV>Hntf and Son^H Stitrfn. A9 ti 
Polan^^ ^t)^^ iprinc^>ai potnts'adi^a^cedl ar^' that t^^ conftitu- 
-tiQtt .Qf -ha^'aayprnnient h ^typpiucaj' afiid Jyrb^il^bt.; and thaj 

koyra i iK>ittelia wbiob cmrHoAcltrs m^y^i^orfitc^}!^ or (ailX 
to in the Revieiv,^ vol% jchiii. ip. 3^5^ Engiftfid is the 4)fi^IpAl 
loljea^llitougliottt; i<i that^tht^mfermsncei niArad of gqaeniiy 
i$ rendered of partial or local applrcation. W)e are furiiffhed 
Vitb a crM^^reviwof purhfBF^ if^^any c^clji- 

.fiofvs aitf .tcj't)i^ cxtri£lft4 ftey arc, that 6irr dJmatc Jsr favourabfe 
toiKcg^o^vytli of every virtue ijiJw;, we arc nyt Informed, b.^t 
that i^^^^ti^yL'W' ^ur 4>^1 ^hfl .p>e T«ciji;lfy.alBH>fdjed hy o\ur 
litfuiijC "fitiiit^ tcnfl to 4^riitt itbefe ,>iii;tAS(^ We arp t9l4, 
th^t G»ftf itDand iia% pvcftr;ofi:cjr»yjr4iy ^J^b2WHH>^ ; t,hat tt^ 
Saxonl Mii Dinefer degd^flnMnb liy^iettltB^ ^r«4 'that the Nob- 
mins ttlAdt arirtaQrtoiVfUeRiftta^ thariatbftmt lysm Jc^ op a 
military Mf'ti for ibnie tinri^ ift^^nrd, Boe tivac <hte^^irit mvitr 
arofc frpm a'intt fbife of tiVfl^R^ ' We A-c tbfd, that th^ 
tyranny bf tpe Tu(Jor8* prtfc^efled from the'puffllai^iinty'of thfe 
Enjgliihj iiat the Rcform^onjwas a {^J^atoe lattl^iy fu^njit<j^d 
to by CBC'peb{>le; 4:aat the.lSf^gUlH'jvbu^ never ^.bav^, cakejfi 
•arms agaMoA.Cbarlipa I< b^ it not^.^!^ (of' the^afiftfuure of 4^ 
.Sc6C»^ and, fiiuiUy^ tb^ JatooaJU. t)y rpuAng tW jealpufyr^f 
the ecclefiafttcfy ^ thereby gave t^ieJtngiifli the cutdit^Qf faw 
' isrniadiB Ottt feeble dfor^nuNPCV 4n favour of Kb^y/ . r 

The chapter fbllowii^ thb^de^recl^thig'^^lMiraaeri of our 
country, is intitlcd,' *^'Mate ttf national ^fj^cfcrvation -fe 
Britain j\ which; whli what w'e.Jb^ve' already /produced,' ^H, 
we prefmnCt be Conjfidi?;e(J a^ Ju|BcJenf fpe.iTnicns qf diis hct^-- 
jogencoM% f^^^y^'At\\yi^\^^ f^^^ jiifte^f ijicafom^g 

cl9fiay,:4iC»WWhith^,,'j$l>d.i>>i)g^ V^.i^fiWj/f^^*^* W*l 
Wtt are :flUbft»fta well a9bimMfrW .' i. . '^ . !. - • i 

* it b^iag'dear^at tkeffa9)«ex]^i>£ JKKabra.nftttQB.ai otttftiiiio* 
'vea^yms t&poarer wbiehftteACimtnf ef{Wtso££ul and £tMtwff 
ii pennted toi txercii^ ovee iit. pteptt» ft iaiAoTieit ^taia U^at ihe 
- bravery of inch, a DationriSMf>d^t»iaaie iato iwik cowacdice ii to 
iEaf die Boglim .ate Men ibJmv.woMhi be unjiilU and to de Ay tbit 
alM^y areauich beneath the &mekcy of real c^naagCf.at which tbay 

formerly 



fiurmtrly wert^ #oiiUl W tralf ndtcoloiu. The loftre (rf* ^ idB 
war wiU be omd to the contrarr ; but there are itnny riUhns ^Itfbf 
the entire otdit 6f the war (hoolA hot be ghren to £iigH(h brateffi 
Its fdccfeis was, in a gieat meafa^ 'o«(itt| to the etokprdinary ex* 
pence attending it, by whidi it was fo 'ptntBly kmd in ei^c^jr ^oai^ 
ter of the gkibe; h wat <iwifl|f to th^ txt^fi^e genitt of dbe ma^, 
«rho ptanaediuoperadont; it«wat owing tathe gfcntavnbencf 
Gemant^ of ScotxA, of Irtfli, andof Anmcanty i^ ISqinBd in oo? 
ifettAndamMjBi, MudittdaedbyBi^i&Bionef, bntEogl^ mon^ 
it neither Sngliih firength nor coocuffe : if we add eo tliefe eonfide- 
Tations the wretched incapacity of ue French mxnifltXt tnider the' 
diredion of a weak woman, the war, on their £de» iikngled in i^. 
very birth by ^e want of an imniediate tonjuhftion of the hoofts of 
Bonrbon, the one di&bled before the other moved^ wBeh eonld thea 
do litde niore than gife additional fplendor to the ^ftiit^phf of Bfi*> 
tain; 'theile ditngs confidered, fron the vlieonnnotr hiftre of the waf 
we ^peak of, a fiiperior courage of the pident Baglifii, to thei^ 
coun^ at fonner periodt, dumot by any liieaM be iBfmdg mof 
oven^ncviality. . ^ > > jc 

* Eoropo (eems to have a ftron^ tcaqen^^nto ftates of a it&cSU 
able fize, and however falutary this may be, tO the purnrfet of ge^ 
serai tranqoiOity, I ihalf be pardoned if, from the love f ^bl^ar to &/ 
own coantr^, I fliould wifli that nO poWeiTuI prince ntajr be ibie ctif 
poffeis hiffllelf of thoTe porti which be upon the Gemtan ocean ; be- 
caofe fuch a neighbour moft be dtegerous to tKh part ^ ^6 ifland/ 
which never was attacked by a northern people wdfhtwt being fnb- 
dned* The Normaae had rack w domrmpt m die peopi* of NenP 
tria, that they woold not be calkid^ hit by dieir old. PMie, nnd 1 
confider them as a aopthem people. at ,«he co^oeft^j^ fince that time^ 
no enemy out of Britain, of a fitnation more northern thaH ourfelves,- 
hath attempted us; theFfench and Spaniards were inferior in ftrength 
of bo4y and in courage; of their numbers our fituation' prevented 
them from availing thcmfeltes ; the French never gave marks o€ an 
entcrprizing fpirit beyond the limits of the Rhine, and At inhabi-- 
tants of this ifland have a prefcriptive right of fnperiority over thoftr 
of Gaol, tte^only praife as I recollett which the ancients have Eiveoi 
dwn ; but had wc a northern prince for oor enemy, mafter of that 
number of fht|>s which mnft natntally attend a well segnlated tnide 
*t^the. pom in the German ocean, and of thofe great rivers which^ 
oruoning .through Germany, difcharge themfelves into that oceaa; 
of men who feel not the terrors of any element, who living poor!/ 
at home> may be ilimulated, like their brave anceHbrs, to fhare in 
the fjpoils of a richer and more ci^ldvated country than their own ; 
Atonld this prince look with a mixture of indignatton and of con- 
tempt upon a people, who prized tfaemMves for animuinary wedth» 
a ihadowy credit, chilled at the moft difbnt fbond M d« Uaft of 
cakinity, aaapparidon, which> npoa the firft-rongh toiicii« is Ibnnd 
to be onfttbfiaarial ; if he fhonld ma the opportaaity of attaddag 
this people, howlhanld Bn^laad be pfoteaed ? The alUfidRcieacy 
of the BritUh fleet prefents itfelf forthwith to the imagioadoo d my 
indoleat and high-fed ooantryawv, miraculonily Grounding Jt eoaS 
of two thooi^nd miles I upon this they befbw omniprefence, aad 

every 



?«%, . &iu9f^ atii^ASmmn of Noikns. 1^ 

•^ftry fttoibote of t^e DeUy ; .ttpjoa-tln^ tb^ i«ft iecttre in the gra^« 
{lfi(tioa/of ev^y fenfe, attd in the ^ cii&ice of aldM>ft etrei^y vice. I 
»^ja<i)ai DO e3(pedtti^o hM l^eeii ev^ condnfbed agahrHthis coun- 
trx vxit)^ Any degree* of wi£doJD,:Off even - oeT ptaaftlnlnSy, whkh did 
jaot,fMC9^d } iUic^ the coiic)«ieA» that of Fbitip the Second of Spaki 
,W>« tbcf moQL tremendouft io itff appatatue, bd€« this expedition ""cotild 
1^ f«c(:eed» .tHes^m of invafibn was fj^rbnlib loivg before t9»e 
«iqb»r)p|tiQB» tbftt fiv<ry man in England had time to Income a fol« 
djcc; ai^d wbfSP the army was eaibarked, the preceffion of the Spd- 
nidi ^ee^t ak>ng , oim* fouthern cc«ft» in. order to> take on boaid* the 
Prince of Farma aod his tcoopa then waking-tat Dunkirk, was (b yery 
UpWf and, pompooSy that everv EngUikport and creek fent ont \U 
Vi^^Qle force to aiinoy them». £i that tbey were ejcpofed to the iiH 
CF^r^ pC enemies every mooient, at well as to the dangers of a tem- 
peftiioiis /ea>; nor \% it to be forgptien that the Spaniards, from the in- 
flux of American richesr were at this time departed from their rigoilr 
^ 4^ciplipe» . and bad^ much abat«l of their former valonr ; let not 
therefore the imnradlicability of invading England be^ drawn- frbite 
the failttfe of fucn randdm expeditions, if expeditions they can be 
callpdv which afe en^barin^fl^d by ^^^ ^I^i^^^S delays. 

^ I am w^r^ CQovinced that th^ chief military ft«eagth of this n»^ 
tion ought to be that of our fleet; but fleets, have failed, fleets may 
fail; ana will fail aeain ; nothing is more natural than that the wln^, 
•which is favourable p the invading fleet, may keep the fleet th^ 
-Aionld bppofe it in harbour : when AlleAu) poileflbd hinifetf of tl^e 
provinco' of Brkaih andwa»mafter of the feas, Conltdntine failed 
ovfi^ under the coyeit of a 4)iick m$ft, and landing hfs troops over- 
J9MM ^Qjufurpnr; the Prince -o^ Orange landed hivtartny atBHxham 
i^.TOFb^, haymg;.p^ ihq Engt^lh fleet thon*ljatng;in tthe Dowfti \ 
l>u toothing proves thf i^^ffici^nc^y ^f c^ floet. fa forcibly, as the 
tnMifp^rtgtipn of C^Mar's army froii^. Brund^fiufl^ to Dyrraehtnm it 
h£ purfuit of Pompey, at ty(o embarkations : although the coaft <^ 
l^pirus was guarde4 ^X ^ ^^^^ fuperior naval forcet under the com^ 
Inand of Btbulus and Pompey *s other lieutenants, an army was 
^lasided with thelofyofxjnlytwo tranfjports;, fuffrCient'td decide the 
L' Sft9^ coKkteft for, empire thi^ ti^ehath yet ptedaced s mdih wiU 
b^ attributed of Csfaf's fucCcfs ip Fprttine ; Caesfar himfelf hath at- 
tributed ma(^ p that g^defs^ in the fecond embarkation under 
Antony J. tot good tr^s, gqod officjers, and the terrifying difpatch 
with which that great dffUoyer of Rpman liberty anuaatedail tiis 
anilitary operations, are to me fuScient cauies for,hteihc€e(s, with- 
out any interpofltion.of Fortune. 

f InthefedniQ^mliancesWSkirbpe, w'herethe'fina^Gef'man ftaieil, 
Vtfbofe troops we were u(ed t^^pwfi are nro^ably foon^ l^e annex^ 
f0 glttat^mOM^hles^ attd no lon^r.ta be hiretf o^t ^^r^flavghiier^ 
wj»en the/Frecich, uneqeal KQ &«i«4ii»ia conmefeiareo^tet, ar^wiiU 
jig ,to: leave us w^hoii>o>anri|RMi^^nd giw n^fintenn^onto oo^ 
c^lfcrfleii Toe .refpote> nniK^tur^- a,cqij}<^tioins j we osxHtVvtf ihonhi 
imdle that avarice which is vvatog p^ Yfj^)"' jn 1^.^ burnfnj^beatti 
Qf India, and leading the centier of thecmpije ly^thout dcfepc^; 
whiLlt)therfta^sareJlrpngthenJflg themfclves at ho.m*et England «[ 
ftffifdingfbrt^herftfcftgth, and bflftging h<yme' thfe materials of her 
■ Rs V.Apr, 1 774, ^ own 



ttMti(M, ti^Kwmiti^ ofMiflkiofd : in Ae coorfeDf idkkb, afMMi 
the tdctk uvi^tftigatibn of tke hinan he^it^ add the lbffags.«i h»» 
pian a£Hoiis. • From hence we fipd him indaf od to Uy to SveUM 
ftreTs on what are getierally called AccompUiweoti* M oioCMifi 
p^fifably.reqaifite to fii^iih the amiable and b^U^i^t pan 6f a*cqir 
pleat chara^er. 

' It woald be anneceflary to expatiate on the merits. oF (ad a 
work, executed bv fo great a maftcr« They canqofbat I>e obvioos 
tocvery peripn 01 ftnHi; the 'more, as nothing of this fgrtii*» (I be- 
lieve) ever lieen produced In the Englilh language. The candottf 
of the Public, to which the(e Letters appeal; will determine the 
mmnfemebt arid InOl'ttaion th^y a£fbffd. I flittiur tQyibl& dmr^ 
be read with general fattsfa^p ; as the prlndlpalt ^d by fiu: 4a 
greater part ofthem, were wnttea when the late Earl of Gbefterfi4& 
was in the full vigour of his mind, and pofleile&'au thofe OKofiiEci!* 
tions for which he was fo juflly admired m England, xevereS In Jxt* 
land, and efteemed wherever known, 

' Celebrated all over Europe for his fuperior talents as sn ejMo- 
hry writer, for the* brilliancy of his wit, and the {bltdity of lot ex- 
tenfive knowledge, will it be thought too prefumptuoos toaArt, tte 
lie exefted all thofe faculties ta thlir utmod, upon his^ftnn)iijaitcl fifb- 
jeGt — Education f And that, in order to form the mind of a. dsriuig 
fon, he even exhaufted thoie powers which he wat fo oniveiCadlj il* 
lowed to pofl^ f 

' I do not doubt but thofe who were much conneAcd ^Htli tli»Ait-> 
thor, daring that feries of years in which he wrote the foUowingLec* 
ters; will 1^ ready to vouch the truth of the above aftitioa. ' What 
I can, and do afcertain is, the authenticity of this poWicmoiii 
which comprifes not a fingle line, that is not the late Earl of Chff- 
terfield's. 
^ * Some, perhaps, may beof ophiioa, that the firft letiert<mtiria 
coUeaion, intended for the in^udion of a child, 'then a«i«r fevoa 
years of age, were too trilling to merit publication* They^arcy lipsp- 
ever, inferted by the advice of ftveral gentlemen of leanmgr -^M 
real judgment $ who conikiered the whole as-abiblatelyttoctl&yv^O 
form a compleat fyflem of education. And, indeed, the Re^er«»ill 
£nd his Lordfliip repeatedly telling his fon, that his afft^ioii for Mp 
nSakes hkn look upon no inArotftd^, which may be of lervketolMBf 
as too trifling or too low; I, thertfore, did not think myfelf sidito* 
ri^d to fupprefs what, to fo exptrieneed a man, apptaiiKl re^oifita 
to the completion of his undertaking. And, opon this pt>lnt, ImWf 
appeal more particularly to, thofe, who, beitfg fathers thexoMret, 
know how to value inftrn^ons, of which th^cendemais add Onxieq^ 
for their children, will ondonbtedly make them feel the netettty. TWt 
ii)&rudions fcattered throughout thofe Letters, are happily calcalased, 

*• To teach the young idea how to Ihoot,** 
To form and etfllghten the infant mind, upon its firft opeflin^, and 
prepare it to receive the early impreflions of learning, and of mora* 
fity; Of diefe, many entire letters, and fome parts of othtrs, 9f9 
Ibft; which, confideHng the tender years of Mr. Stanhope, ot^tbac 
<hHe, cannot be a matter of fmprize, but wilb alwap b e twe of re* 
gvet. Wherever a complete fenft could be made •vt, rkm ve^ 
i|ared to give the £EagaKnt* 

- t f T# 



. * To t$di of tbe French letcers^ thrbnghont £he wprk^ wn Boglifli 
tamfliition ss.annexed t iii which I have endeavoured to adhere^ ail 
«BD€h as poffible^ to the fenfe of the Original : I waih the attempt teay 
luive proved JTacoeftfal. 

-. * .A,« tp tl^Q^ ^epetitipiiSf which fomedoics occur, that many may 
•Uteein i4iCci|Fa(iie9^ and think they had been better retrenched r 
tbe3f«:9ip varied* and tliieu-*figailicancy thrown into fnch, and fo 
jmany di^ottnt ligb.^s th^t they could, not bo altered wijchont mutt* 
lining the work* Ii| the coarfe of whnchy the Rcaderii^iU alio ob« 
/crve. t4f Lordihip oSt/cn cotprefsly declanAgt that filch repetitions are 
{Mrpbreijy intended^ to inculcs^te his inftt^^ns more forcibly. So 
.^P>p.d % re^^oa u^ged by the Author for v^^ng them« made me think 
2^ indilpeoiably reqn^fite not to deviat^.frpm the^origioai% 

/ The letters written from the time that Mr. Stanhope was enr« 
l^qy^ as one o^^Majefly's Miniftei-s abroad, akhoogh not rela* 
jf^YC tp Education^ yet as they continue t^ (cries of I^ord Chefler* 
SJdd^s Letters to his Son» and di/coTQr l^s fentiments on yarious io:t 
.ttreiUag fabjefls. of oubltc as weU as^ private concern, it^isprerumed 
thev cannot fail of oqine accctptable^ to the Pubfic, To theie aio 
adoed fome few detached pieces, which the Render will find at thf 
*i^nd of the fecona volume. . The Originals of thofe, as well as of ^^ 
the Letters, arc in my poile^on, in the late Sari of Chefierfield'a 
faand-wriUng, And fe^Jed with his own feal*' 

^e foregoing advertifimcnt exhibits (b compleat a view of 
the nature, defiga and teadency ox thefe Letters, that «re ibini^ 
Tt aitc^ther fuperfluoitfl to add ^ny ^ii>g to tbe account} and 
we ib^U therefore^ proceed, without farther preface, to grati^ 
the impalicnce of our Readerti by a few extrads fiioih thoki 
•p^rts.of the coUedtoii vri^ich, we intone, will prore ntvoft ge- 
nerally acceptable to the Public* 

Vfk Aiall pafs over the greateft ptftt 6f thofe letters whfcb 
\iww written to MaRtr Stanhope, ^htle he was under the age 
"^Hfftieni fome of which, however, merit great commendation^ 
for the happy manner in which they are adapted to the capaciur 
of a child, without containing any thjng childi(h ; in whicn 
refpe^l they may be faid, in fon^e tpealiir^, to ref(;mble the li- 
terary correfpondence of Count TeffiiH with the Psin^e Rojial 
pf Sweden : and vre cannot pay them an higher coooptioient.. 

As a fpecimeB, however, of the eafy manner in which this 
iKXomfdiOic^ nobleman ceutd accommodate his ftyle to the ap- 
Iprehenifions of his young correitiondent, we (hall tranferibe hb 
Ij6n)flitp^8 precq>tB atid cautions on the fubjed of Negligence. 
7hey are taken from a letter written to his fon, then in bis 
f 5th year, and on his travels abroad : it is dated at JBath, 08t. 
9, 1746. 

* Apropos of negRgenCe ; I mtift Tay fomething to you upon that Tub- 
4eCI. ' You know I have often told you, that my affe^ion for you was 
tiot a weak womanifh ott ; and hx from bhnding me« it makes me but 
Wt% qaick-fighlcdi as to your f^ult^ ; thoCi it i« no| 9nl7 my right, biit 

$ 3 lOf 



i6i lord Ch6l^xSxiii*s letOrs io bis S^l 

my dutf to tdl you of ; and it 19 your duty and your iotereft to oarftSt 
tb^m. Id the flrtA fcnitioy which I have made into you, I have, (ttaik 
Cod) hitherto not diicovered any ticeof the heart, or any peculiar wak' 
nefi of the head : but I have difcovered lazinefs, inattehtioir, and m* 
difference; lauds which are only pardonable hi old a&^n, who, ia'te 
decline of life, when health and fpirits fsill, have a kind of daim to ^bd 
fort of tranqhilNty. But a young man fiiould be ambitious to fliine and 
excel; alert, a^ive, and indefafigable in the means of doing it; afl^ 
like C«far, Nii affum reputans^ Ji quid fufereffei agendum. You toa 
to want that viwia vis anitni which fpurs and eidtes moft yeang-owi 
to pleaie, to (hine, to excel. Without \\it deGre and the paint ae- 
Cefi^ry to be confiderable, depend upon it, you never can be fo; as wi&* 
out the defire and attention necefTary to pleafe, you '-never can pleafe« 
Nullum numen ahefl^ Ji fit prudentta^ is unqueftionably tmc with re- 
gard to every thing excf pt poetry ; and I am very fure tljat any man ^ 
eommon underftanding may, by proper cultare^ care, attentioiiD. and 
labour, make bimfirif whatever "he pleafes, except a good poet. TVmv 
^efttaation is the great and bufy wt>rld ; your immediate cAyeA is cIk 
lfiftirs,tbe infereft8',andthe hiftory,the cfonftitut ions, the cuftoms, and the 
manners of the 'feverat parts of Europe, fo this, any man of com mo B 
fenfe may, by common application, be Cure to excel. Ancient' and lao- 
demhiftoryareby attention eafily attainable; geography and chronology 
the faipe ; none of them requiring any unc<)mpion Ibiire of genius or 
Inventim. speaking a^d writing clearly, cbrrcdly, and.With eai^ and 
grace, are certainly to be acquired by reading the b^ft Authors with carcj 
kndby anention to the "beft living modelp. Thcfc arc the (TualtficatiaDS 
more particulariy neqefl^ry for y6o in your defpartaoent, whibh yoa may 
be pofTeHbd of if you pleafe, and which, I tell you fairly, I fhall be ♦try 
Vogry at you if you are not; becauie, as yon have thi? means in foor 
hands, it will be your own fault only. 

* If care and appKcation are iiecefary to the acquiring of thofe qoa* 
(ificalions, without wbjeh you can never be confider^ble nor makes 
Bgure in the world ; they are not lefis neceflary with regard to the Idfa- 
kccomplifiim^nts which arejequifite to make you agreeable and pleafiag 
in fociety. Iij truth, whatever is worth doing at all, is worth domg 
well ; ant) nothing cah be done well without attention; I therefore carry 
the neccflRty of attention down to the ibw^ft thingi, even to daooog 
iind dref**. Ciiftbm has made dancing fometimes neceflary for a yoang 
man ; thi^efbre mind it while you learn it, that you inay Icam to doft 
well, and not be ridiculous, though' in a ridiculous aA, Drefa t% of 
the fame nature ; you muft drefi; therefore artend to it ; not in order to 
rival or ex<^] « fop in it, but in order to avoid QngiilarSty, and confe- 
jjuently ridicuje. Tajce great qare always to be drefled Hke tlie rcafoo- 
able people of your own age, in the place where you are; whoff droft 
is never fp ken of one way or another, as' either too uegligent of too 
iuuch ftudicd. * . . . , 

• What is coinmonly called an abfent man, is conuxionly cither a very 
weak, or a vcry'affeacd man ; but be he which he will, he i#, I am forc^ 
\. very difagrccablc man in company. He fail? in all the coromoo offices 
^f civility; he fccms npt to know thofc people to-day, whom ycftcrday 



£#ri ChefterfietcPx Litiirs io his Sml %6j 

Ve appeared to live io intimacy with. He takei no part in the ^eseral 
conTeriatioii; but on the contrary, breaks into it from tinie to time, 
with fome ftart of his own» as if he waked from a dream. This (as I (aid 
l^fore) is a fure Midication, either of a mind io weak that it is not able 
to bear above one obje^ at a time j or fo afieAed, that it would be fup- 
pipfed to be wholly engrofled by, and direded to, fome very great 
and important objeas. Sir Ifaac Newton, Mr. Locke, and (it may be) 
five or flx more, fince the creation of the world, may have had a right 
to abience, from that iotenie thought which the things they were invef- 
tigating required. But if a young man, and a man of the world, who 
kat no fuch avocations to plead, will claim and exerdle that right of 
Abfence in company, his pretended right Ihould, in my mind, be turned 
iato Im tnvoluntaiy abfence, by his perpetual exdufion out of cobi* 
pAoy. However frivolous a company may be, ftill, while you are among 
tlicm, do not ihew them, by your inattention, that you think them 
io ; but rather take their tone, and conform in fome degree to. thek* 
'Makoeis, iaftead of manifeftiog your contempt for them. There is no 
thing that people bear more impatiently, or forgive lefi*, than contempt ; 
apd an injury is much fooner forgottea than an infult. If therefore yoa 
would rather pleafe than offend, rather be well than ill fp^ken of, rather 
he loved than hated, remember to have that conftant attention about 
y«a, which flatters every man's little vanity ; and the want of which, by 
mortifying his pnde, never fails to excite his refentment, or at leaft his 
ill-will. Forinftance; moft people (I might fay all people) have their 
weakneflbs; they have their averfions, and their likings, to fuch or 
fuch things ; fo that if you were to laugh at a man for his averflon to a 
cat, orchecfe, (which are common antipathies) or by inattention and 
negligence, to let them come in fats way, where you qopld prevent it, 
be would, in the 6rft caie, thmk himfelf infulted, and in the fecond, 
flighted ; and would remember both. Whereas your care to prixore for 
Mm what he Kkes, and to remove from him what he hates, (hews him, 
that he is at leaft an objeA of your attention ; flatters his vanity, and 
makes him poHibly more your friend, than a more important fervice would 
hkvc done. With regard to women, attentions ftill below thefe are necef* 
Ihry, and, by the cuftom of the world, in fome meafure due, according 
to the laws of good breeding/ 

The foregoing obfervations are equally (Iriking, juft, and 
important; for furely no weaknefs is more pernicious to youth 
than negligence and inattention ! Such faults are not only a bar 
to all improvement, but they alfo render thofe younff people 
who are fubjed to them quite intolerable to perfons offupcrior 
years. In ihort, it would be doing no injuflice to thefe fail« 
ingSf were we to fet them down in the catalogue 6f vias. 

About a year after the date of the foregoing letter, we find 
our noble monitor thus cautioning his young friend againfi the 
iipdudions of Pleaifure : 

< Pleafure, fays Lord Chederfield, is the rock which moft young 
people fplit upon s they launch out with crowded fails in queft of it, 
bnc without a compaTs to dired their courfe, or reafoo fufticient to 
ft^r die veffel ; for want of which, pain and fhame, inftead of 

S 4 Pleafiire, 



264 L$r'dChtAnSitiXsZiUm^lisSmu 

Pleafar^, are tbe retorns of their voyage* Do not thiDk-tlitT i 
to fnarl at Pkafare, like a Stoic, or to preadi afetulft itiike ft Par- 
fon ; no, I mean to point it our, and recoiumeoa it to yon, Kkcaa 
Epicurean : I wi(h you a great deal ; and my oftly view ia to htndcr 
you from mrftaklng it, 

* The character which inoil young nttn ^fO. ttllh at is, thmt of « 
Man of Pleafure ; bat they gonerally take it opoo tnift ; Mid, ifilbad 
of confulting thm own talle and inclinations, they 'blindly tfdopt 
whatever thofe, with whom thay chiefly conveffe, are pteafed to eatt 
by the name of Pleafare; and zMom p/fiuifitfi, in the valgir ac* 
Captation of that phrafe, means only, a beaiJy drunkard, mn ttbas- 
doned whore*ma(ier, and a profligate fwearer a^d cnrfer* As it 
may be of uie to you, 1 am J^ot unwilling, though at the Cme 
$ime afhamed, to own, that thevioet of my youdi proceeded mvck 
more from my filly refolution of being, whatl hem^caHeda-Ma* 
of Pleafure. than from my own inclinations. I always oatttraUy 
hated, drinking.; and yet I have oft^ drunk* wkfa difgnSt ac cm 
|ime, attended by great iickn^is the next day« only becanfe I thaa 
considered drinking as a nece&ry qualification for a £ae gcxttkmam 
and a Man of Pleafure. 

« The fao^.^ to gamiog. I did n^t waot monipy, and cofiie> 
qaently had no.ocoafion to play for it ; but 1 thought Play imoi;h«r 
peceflary ingredient in the eompofition of a Man of Pleafure, ami 
accordingly I plunged into it wUhoot defire, at firft ; facrificed a 
thoniand le;^! oleafures to it ; and made myfelf iblidly une^ by i^ 
(ox thirty t)ie oeft years of my life. 

* I was even .ahford enough, for a little whil^, to, fwear, by wajr 
of adorning and compte^og the fhining x:har^£ler which I afieded ; 
bi^t this folly J[ (bon laid afide» upon iiKling both the gpilt and iha 
^ndecenpy of it. 

* Thus feduced by faihion, and blindly adopting nominal plca« 
fures, I lofl real ones ; and iny fortune impaired, and my conftitutioi^ 
ihattered, are, I mnft confeis, the jufl punifhment of my errors. 

* Take warning then by them ; chufe your pleafures for yourfclfi 
and do not let them be impofed upon you. Follow nature, and not 
fafhioi^; weigh the prefent enjoyment of your pleafures, againll the 
seceiFary confequencesof them, and then let your own common feiv^c 
determine your choice. 

* VV'ere I to begin the world again, with the experience w^idi I 
now have of it, 1 would lead a life of real, not of imaginary plea^ 
fure. I would enjoy the pleafures of the table, a6d Of wine« but 
liop ihort of the pains infcparably annexed to an «acefi in eirher. I 
would not, at twenty years, be a preadhing miiSbnary of ab»lemio«i^ 
nefs and fobriety ; and I fliould let other people do as they wqb14« 
T^ithoat formally and fententlouily rebuking thena for at; bat I 
would be moft firmly refolved, not to deilroy my owo facolties and 
conltitution, in complaifance to thofe who have qo regard to their 
own. I would play to give me pleafure, b<it not to give me paTo 2 
that isy I would play for trifles^ in mixed companies, tb amgle my- 
felf, and conform to cuflom ; but I would take care not to venture 
for fums, which, if I won, I (hould not b? the bet^tei- for ; but, if I 
loft, (hpuld be under a difficulty to pay ; and^ When paid> W01H4 

pUi^ 



dUfp ike tAo^ifench in federal io^er dirricies. N<it>ta n^Afidk diff 
qtabfek nftkhidifop pbiy cDiaitionly'dccaridns* 

* I wooUL paft fotne of vtftims in readii^^ smI dte reft Iti lli# 
tsoapfeof of pcopk ^ feiifeTftfid' leariiiiigt a»d ohk% ibofer ftbaV9 
me: find i wouUi f^ubnt tlie inijced cdmfMmits of xaen and vrdkea 
offiUhkm, nMtk «fao«^ oft^o IfrivddttB,' yet they unbend iHid#0ii^ 
freihtlie aniiBdvwt nfdeff^y'biecduiethty oenadfaiy polHh alid-fofbnr 
ckeiflmnneis. 

• ^ Tkefe iv^«ldi)e my idealbvet and nmiBfemefob^ 'if f •wehe^to lh« 
^ i^dntf jt^a-s cx^er again ; fiheytsire)hitkmai<oAes; aiNb^teort^ 
otet I ^tt: tcU yod, they af6 really tlie ^i}iiofu£ble jowi :'^ ftr %)m 
otbers trendy in tratb, the ^a&tesvf iviiati tati-pbo^ of fiifliion^ 
bitxtf tiulmffirho dniy call ttesmfeivcriB^ Dors^<nid eomfiaBy C2ii|^ 
CD Inlve n man re«liii^ ditrnk dmong them f Or ko^ fee ahmlier teti|t« 
ing his Imir^ and^lafpheminl;,' fbr having ioft; at{)layy more ihti^ 
he is able to pay ? Or a whotc-inm^r<witli:half m no6^ Mid d'ipplack 
bycoarfeand infknoasdebaoditfr^^ No; ^idfe who* j>ra6iife» and^ 
arach .moee thoit who brag of vhemy make no {lah! df good oompknT^ | 
mwl areaMft^^fvilliAgly, iftsvtoy -addiittedinto^ it; -^ . "^ 

* A real man of fafhion and pleafure obferves decency ; al \Mtff 
Be&her borraWsciDor aiTc^ vioev; and» if he luifbitunateiy has aiiy, 
1^ g|34tififl9.thfm wtih ohoiee^ ddic^cy» and iectc>^; . 

* 4 iiavennot mfcbtioned the pleafure^ of the mind,; {jvkieh i^re tk#; 
fclid and permanent oi^i) becaufe they do not cqme.umier the head 
qf what pc;ople commonly call pleafures ; which they £bem to Gonfink 
to the fcnfes. The pleafure oF virtue, of charity, ana of leamin]^, 
it ttue andlalfing pleafiire ; Which I hopt you i^il! be Well Sind Idnjj 
acquainted with.. Adicb.* 

This is not ^bfe frigid prciaicMrtg bf a cold ttttfcfellrtg ihtmjftt 
it is the VQtce trf an irx^ienttd ^fti*ei >;nlrttlWg th^ hnvwity 
traveller bf-tlic precipice that ilfea in Ks path iAk n thfe Vkfyr 
guage of a Uu^ friends \yho fecks nbt to deprii^e us bf what tlnft 
Ate niturdlly ^efirous to obtainj but to prevent our being faifled " 
in the purfuit 5f it^ atid like Ixioh, deceived into the embritc(f$ 
of aa empty cloud, inftcadoF the goddefs who is khe ob]6ft <^ 
our wi(H?s '"^^ ^^^ Ixion, too, not only chea,te4 out oF ouc 
c^pe£led bappinefs^ but /evir4^ funiftud^ alfo, flor our infacua« 
Vtfm. .:.....;.'•'> 

Iti a letter dated in 1748^ wt have the fblloiriiig ftriAdrcft 
on what toay taS called the ahkfi ^fbmghter : . - - 

' Having mentioned langhing, I muft particulifriy Mm ytm 
srgailnft it \ and I c^ould heartily w2(h, that tou nkay-dllen be ften tor 
mile, but ihever heard to laugh, wkile you lire. Pf%q^iit tfnd IcM^ 
bnghter is the charaaeriflic of fbUy and ill maniketi i it k the mtll'^ 
lier in which the mob exprefs their Ailyjt>y> at fitly tMn^s I aa# 
tfae^ call it beitig ment* In my mind, there is ttothiY^g (b Mkral* 
«nd fa ill-bred, ftsandiMe laughter. True wit, orfeiUe^ nev^r yet 
jnade any body laugh ; they are above it : they pleafe the mind, tad 
give 1 cneafrtlneft 10 the tuumeiunLe . But it is hm buflbonery,- 
9r filly ftccidentsj thai always excite langhter; and tbat is what 

people 



a0$ ttrd ChefterfielcTx LeUm to bis iSotC 

people of feafe and breediiig fhoold (how themfelfet 4ibore. A : 
going to fie dowD^ in the fappofitidn that be hu a chair behind hiiB« 
sad falling down npon his breech for want of one» fett a whole 
company a laughing, when all the wit in the world woirid not do kf 
4 plain . proof, in my mindt how low and nnbecbming a diing 
laughter u. Not to mention the diiagiteable ooife dbtK it makei» 
ind.thd. ihocking diHortion of the £ice that it occafions* Laughter 
is eafily redrained, bv a very little refledtion ; but, as it is generally 
cOQheded with ihe^idea of gaiety, people do not enough attend to 
its abfiiidity. I am neither of a melancholy, nor a Cynical dilpofi«> 
tkm ; and am as wiUino;, and as apt to be pleafed as any body ; hot 
(am fore that, fince I have had the full Die of my reason, nobody 
haa ever heard me laugh. Many people, at firft from awkwardseft 
fUkd moMvm/k Jh99ti, have got a very difaneeable and filly 'trick of 
laughing, whenever they Q>eak : and I know a man of very good 

Ks, Mr.Wallmv who cannot £xj the commofteft thing without 
jhing ; which makes thofe, who do not know him, tute him at 
{rft for a natujal fool. Thb and many other very difagreeaUe ha- 
iiiSf ire owing to mawvedfi hante at their firft Ktting oot ia tha 
world.* 

. Leaving our Readers Co their own reflexions on this invefttve 
againft laughter (which, certainly, did not fpring from any fuUen, 
.^r, or faturnine difpofition in the celebrated Writer) we pro- 
ceed to his Lordihip's obfervations * on the weight of biflmcal 
ti/timcny. Tbefe are introduced by a remark or two on the 
fCircumftances which arq affigned as the principal caufes of the 
^oteflant reformation from the errors and abufes of Popery* 

After intimating that di£ippointment and refentment bad a 
I9uch larger (^e in this great event, th^n 9 re}igiou8 zeal, or 
an abi^orrence of the corruptions of the church of Rome, the 
Bpble Lrctter-w^iter thus proceeds ; 

; * Luther, an Augufiin Monk, enn^ed that his Order, and confe* 
^nently himiclf, had not the excluCve i>rivilege of felling indul<- 
gences, but that the Dominicans were let. into a fiiare of that profit- 
able but infamous trade, tarns reformer, and exclaims againft tha 
abufes, the corruption, and the idolatry, of the Church of Rome 1 
which were certainly grofs enough for him to have leeh long before, 
but which he had at leafi acquiefced in, till what he c^led tiia 
R^hts, that is the profit, of his Order caine to be touched. Ic u 
true, the Church of Rome fumidied him ample matter fori^omplaiat 
apd refi^rmatioflb and he laid hold of it ably. This &ems to me the 
trpe caufe of that great and necefTary work ; but, whatever the caufe 
was, the effed was good : and the reformation fpread itfelf by iu 
own truth tnd jfitnefs ; was confcientioufly received by great nam* 
lien in Germany, and other countries ; and was foon afterwards 
mixed up with the politics tf Princes : and, as it always happens ia 
xeligiotts difputes, became the fpecious coveri;:g of injuttice and 
ambition. 

* In Letter 117, dated 1748* 

'Uadir 



Lord Chefterfield'x LetUrs U hir Sii; i€f 

.f Under the pretence of crnihing Herefy, as it was caHed, the 
ffooieof Auftria meant to extend and eUablidi its power in the Em^ 
fire ; ji^^ on the other hand, many Proteftant Princes, under the 
l^etence of extirpating idolatry, or, at leail, of fecurlng toleration^ 
AMsant only to enlar^ their own dominions or privileges, Thefe 
xiewa refpedively, among the Chiefs on both 'fides, much more than 
frae religious motives, continued what were called the Relighw^ 
Wars, in Gernuny, almoft uninterruptedly, till the afiairs of tte 
IWQ Religions were finally fettled by the treaty of Munfter. 
. * Were moft hiftorical events traced up to their true cauies, I fear 
)¥eih9ttld not find them mnch more noble, nor difinterefled, tham 
JjUther's dxfappointed avarice ; and therefore 1 look with fome ton* 
tempt upon thofe refining and fagacious Hiftorians, who afcribe alf, 
ffven the mod common events, to fome deep political caufe; whereat 
jnankind is made np of inconfiftencies, and no man a^ invariablf 
jup to his predominant character. The wifeft man fometim^ aof 
]M^eak(y, ^d. the weakeft fometimes wifely. Oar jarring paffioni* 
oar variable humours, nay our greater or lefiTer degree of health and 
fpirits, produce fnch contradtftion's in our cbndnd, that, I believe, 
thofe are theoftene^ miftaken, who afcribe onr adiont to^the moft 
^eemingly obvious motives : and 1 am convinced* that a light fupper» 
m good nightS ileep, and a fine morning, have fometimes made a, 
Hero, of the fame man, who, by an indigefUpn, a relUefs night, and 
^ rainy morning, would have proved a coward. Our beft conjee^ 
iures, therefore, as to the true /prings of anions, are but very nn- 
.(Certain ; and the anions themfelves are all that we mud pretend to 
know from Hiftory. That Caefar was murdered by twenty-three 
^nfpirators, I make no doul^t ; bot I very much doubt, that thcdr 
|ove of liberty, and of their country, was their fole, or even prin* 
cipal motiye; ai^d J dare fay that, if the truth were known, we 
piould find that niany other motives, at leafl concurred, even in the 
great 'Brutus himfell; fuch as pride, envy, perfonal pique, and diA 
appointment. Nay, I cannot help carrving my Pyrrhonifm dill fur* 
ther, and extending it often to hiftorlcal fa6ls themfelves, at leaft to 
^oft of the circumftances with which they are related ; and every 
day's e^cperifcnce confirms me in this hiftorical incredulity. Do we 
p^er hear the moft recent fa£l related exaftly in the fame way, by tlie 
feveral people who were at the fame time eye-witnefles of it ? No, 
Dne miftalm, another mifreprefents ; and others warp it a little to 
their own turn of mind, or private views. A man, who has beea 
tonOniied lii a tranfadlipn, will not write it fairly ; and a man who 
has not, cannot. But, notwithftanding all this uncertainty, HiStcfrf 
is not the le& neceffary to be known ; as the beft hiftoiies are taken 
for granted, and ^^ ^he frequent fubjeds both of converfation and 
wriung. Though I am convinced that Csefar's ghoft never appeared 
to Brutus, yet 1 Ihould be much afbamed to bt ignorant of that fiift» 
as related by the Hiftorians of thofe tjmes. Thus the Pagan theo* 
logy is nniverfally received as matter for writing and converfation* 
though ^believed now by nobody; and we talk of Jupiter, Mars^ 
Apollo, 2fC. as Gpds, though We know, that, if they ever exifted at 
adl, it was only as mere mortal men. This hillorical Pyrrhonifis* 
|heO| proves nothing agai^ the fiudy and knowledge of Hiftory s 
' ' * * ' which^ 



at Greg^rjfV Lfg^ fo hit Dau^ttru . 

vbich, of all ochtfr ft«dk% is the iboft i>eee(&ry, for sMin 'Mo li Cfli 
live in the world. ]t only poinu cmk b> osr nor t9 bb loo dtcifivt 
fljl^ ptfr«inptory 9 andiobec&utiouiluMtrifieditlwiftteeacety^ioroiir 
owit iNra^Uce, from rbmote fa^, pariiadty or igdocaodf idacid $ <tf 
^hkhwecan, atboft, bnt imper^£lly gaefi, and certdnlf »ec\tt««r 
liie reid nocivet* T^ reftthuml^ of ADckiit Hiftoiy miifl nec^fli^ 
tUy be weaker ihoii thofe of Modehsv as all teftiinosy gfows weaken 
•Hd weaker^ at it ii mott md more remote fh>m ot. ' I Woild there- 
fore advife yoa to ^^y Anoieat Hiflory, in gcntrd^ at tiAcr f^^t 
4os that is, not to be igaonmt of aoy of ttiofe faaa wlaefc ^le 
aniter&lly received, u^soii the iadth of tke bek H ilkoriins ( ii*A> 
"whether true or &l(e» yon ha^re (hem at ocker people iMva iMMi* 
]liit Modern Hillory, 1 mean purtkiilarly that of ^he three luSt «!»• 
Inriet, is what I would have yoa apply, to with the gfoateft alMiKioft 
atkd tai6Uie6. There the probability of coftiitog at elie ttiith kf aaoe h 
greater, to the tefliiBOftiesare much more recent ; beioes^ aaecdtttas^ 

Elotft, apd Origbal lettert, often come to die did of Modem 
efcy/ 

&o txa^jr dd Lord ChefterfieM's ideas correfbond "frith out 
opinion of the 4tfe md authority of hiRory, m tlie general, that 
<W5 tanttot ^hhoW oar free atid unreferved fubfcrlption ta 
tvery thing that he has advanced on the fubjeft. 

Wfe fliould now proceed to other ex tr^fls j but the difficulty 
of f^ledion, where the choice is (b abundant, leaves us noeafj 
tai^ to execute. We could &11 a whole vokim of Reviews 
with the curious aad iafirudive nMterials which now open oponi 
Ita,. a^ we turn.over tbefe valuable pages : the fiib)e<Sb rifing 4ft 
importance as we proceed in the feries. Our cumtnary liotttSi 
however, will oblige at, for the preftht, to elofe thte book ; 
b^ we diall) wHh great pleafttre, reAtmt the review of it, in 
bin- next publication. 

Art* V, J Father*^ Legacy u bis Dmrnghttr*. By the lace On 
Gregory, of fidinbujigh. Uiqo. 29. fewed. Caddl. 1774* 

IT frequently happens that thofe compofitions mtet with x 
great (hare of the public favour, which were not origlnallj 
intended for the public eye. Thofe gifts arc not the Jcaft 
agreeable whith come unexpected, %xA to which we have no 

. title. Befide the pleafure which we fe^i in being admitted to 
a participation of thofe fentiments which were tofpiced 1^ 
friirnd&ip) or the warmth of private afie£Hons, we natiiraUy 
eieped, in works of this kind, a more candid difcuffion of opi* 

% ntohs, than in compofitions which fpting from motiTes of 
intereft or applaafe ; and we are furt of an unbialTed judgmtnt. 
Where every thought alms only at the real advantage of thofe to 
whom the Wrhfcr addreflcs himfclf. 

' The amiable author of this fmall volume,^ who» whiles livicCi 

Was 00 lefs refpe<Eied for bis talentSi thaa beloved for tiie 400- 

5 lilies 



tiiic»<tfittl^b0lrt^ busndedlthQfirdcl vices, Mteiif^tttlf JnTorms 
ii«^ oktbii^patf ^hif.tgfiifUm id bit dm^ibs^-M dl ba 
ipttityig9#4 {bio -pttAoip^l iiiQw.<was the gQcdL.i>f!iiia iell^c^A 
csfMues, >ittd'lotfae wiilf of a fpn taifontiibaiBtOfftkitigenerak 
4efig;«» aad t^ido:hooo^ to tbc aaeoiovy of ^fti^r^ dw Piib* 
lid is iiuieblni far a very acceptable pfefmit. . 

^bc.Aiilhof ktt jtlnkd bis obfe^vatioaa ui^der four gdneodl 
bflidSy Rftligig^n^Condud and Be|^aiifiourH-Jknvife«iciktB*H^ 
Fmi^lkip^ dUfiive^ ani MaEtia|)e'^ and ^ui .cambfiof thc& fiibii 
jo^ ifo .far as tte feouiic feic are iAtecfijled hi tbem, ia tb« 
^iffly^nrt.of Jiift, be has made Many- peatineot and jvtdicio(ia 
Mnark9> laii&figiiatitcaHy fbom his fubjeds aad fituatioo.; aod 
ki hal'SenvManicateii rtbeai id an cafy and unafieSed flyle. 

jht iltt;1fifft fcdion, afttf ob<qrving tbe ulilitiy of leltgioui 
• pi(ifimiiIe0}tQ>a JMOian, either in a life qf fulGuttng and dapcefi* 
fion, jfrfMch'irtQO oAee tbe lot of tbe^U-treaced ky^ orAn^tiha 
oppoCar #xfyeme .-of Dnoontrooled dsffipation, be cecoouneoda 
the ponifa) of iiscb hooks «f rdigioxi.oiiiy, as are addpeflTed ca 
tbe heart, amd wifely eautions agatnft cntangitng the fetaatki 
mind :i0 xhe.aiai^s of fyflem, or controvcrtod .opinions. Us 
stakes a'judtcbus ohfecvatioa, lo iwhiob me believe fear of hia 
9uie Reaijcfs wiH ce&ie their afieqt^ ^ That ev^n ibofe m^ 
^dbo ace then^eivcs unbelievera diftike infidelity in a wooianN.' 
Ficy it js^ this truth Wttce not more genecaily known and 
adinitted^ 

On the fecond head, viz. of Conduct and Behaaioar, be»at 
wavm i4i tbe mcopiinendatbn of that aauable refesve, that 
ipetiring delicacy, sobioh, . witbont diredly araUing, fteks not 
the public eye. Se.^auuons agataft indtulgiog a talent for 
wit; and with regacd to humour, though tbe lefs o9b»^v# 
taknt, he fi3n6ti)y remarks that ia a woman it rmy make her 
compaay be courted, but it is often a great enemy to delicacy^ 
and 'fttli a gtoater to dignity of chara£ier. He cenfures an 
itfFsdatian of -l^amiog, and ^veo too great a dstjfJay of goo4 
§in{ky as ecring againS the firft rule of pleafing jn coiweriation^ 
avhiah is,'.tQ.pifk€!e«ciy one plc^afed with himfelf* . 

On the head of Amufements, the Author cecommends^ ibcb 
of the jnore^adlive kind as ace conducive to health, and not at 
the fame time inconfiftent wi^h female. d^ifL^cy, .H\s (^tir 
njcnts with i;cgard to domeftic cjmpJQyments, dcefs, and j^^yic 
amufementSjWeextremely judicbus; and whilf th^yafa/ar frpm 
favouring (h^ fa(I)ion^hle diilipation of tbc;age, they^jucf,^{^]f 
renfioyed 'firom a tigid.and \infociaI Icvq-ity. 

■ ' ' J^ " ' 

■ '"*"&€ pacttctrtlrly oar accQUtiti of his Comparative View of the 
ftfate of Man^ &c. Rev, vol, xxxv. p. 221'. >nd of his ObiV\'aticmi 
^fl^tb#^(I^saiKl>DatiaofaS^y(i€iiio. lUv. /el. xH» j). 401. 

Ia 



Intbe lafti ihdimt leaft imporhiAt fedioiH the AiidiorlHd 
cxamitied the -difiereot duties and dccoilittiSy of L^ve, of Fm«A^ 
lbip» and t>f*Mamage« In fnendlbfp bct#eeli fcdlaks» Itf 
advifesL an tmlimstcd confidence, except in the trtide-6f Lote^ 
This may, perhaps,* be coodemned by fome ofhi^ readen^ 
as infinuating a pretty fevere reflexion opon the fex: The 
Anthor^s reafons, however, are certainly ftrong ; the motived 
of ddicacyi and ifae danger of a feaet efcaping, from the im- 
prudence or inattention of a confident. He advances a propo* 
fition ftill more difputable: < If a gentleman's attachmtott 
iays he, is agreeable to you, I leave you to da as nator^ 
good-fenfe, and delicacy fhall dired you* If you. love bimy 
kt me advife you never to difcover to him the fvd\ exteot of 
your love, no, not although you marry him. ThaKt fufldendjr 
fliews your preference^ which is all he is entitled to know/ 
Our Author's reafon is, that violent k>ve cannot fubfift for 
any time together on both fides, and that a referve on one 
iide is the only fecurity agaihft fatiety. But may it not with 
juftice be argued agatnft this propoiition, that however luxuriant 
the plant, it cannot long fubfift in an ungrateful foil: that 
a man whofe foul is devoted to pne objed is not worthily repaid 
by bare compliances, or by the fcanty returns of gratitude f 
and that thofe who adopt this fcheme of referve in marriage, 
overlook the moft refined enjoyment of which human nature is 
capable, the felicity which lefults from the confcioufaefi of m 
mutual a&dion ? ' 

From the above general view of the fubjei^ treated in this 
fmall, but elegant compofition, it will occur to our readers,' 
that the Author's opinions on thofe topics, which are of the 
bigheft importance in life, are manly and fenfible, that be 
intermixes no trite nor vulgar obfervations, and that fometime? 
there is even a novelty of fentiment in matters of the moft 
common difcuffion. We recommend the attentive, the repeated 
pcrufal of this treatife to our young country-women; and 
though written profeiTedly for the inftrudion of a daughter, it 
will be found to contain many hints extremely proper for the 
confideration of a parent* 

Art. VL The Right of the Br'ttijh tegifiatun to tax the /mtricam €Ui^ 
nies vindicattd ; and the Means of everting tbut Right propofed. 8tOu 
IS. Beckct. 1774. 

THIS Writer profeffes to protc that the l^orth Americaflt 
* have never loft the happy rfate of free fubje^s \ and tha^' 
the afis of the mother country, regarding them, and of which 
they now complain, are very coofiftent with the fundamental 
(finciples of our conftitiftioB^ erring only on the fid^.of iodut* 

feace 



iii AmmaniCMiis ^inSiiUSi. ^^ 

frince towiurd them:'*— points which certainly rt^tirt (ottie atn? 
lity to demonftrate, to the entire convidion of oir bretbrea oH 
the other fide of the Atlantic Ocean. 

The arguments on both fides of this imjpNortant queSion oil 
the right of taxation, muft by this time be nearly exhaufled; 
and will receive only a particular complexion from the haadt 
through which they pafs. 

This Writer is dv no means deficient in the management of 
bis pen ; and ytt if the North Americans are ever brought t^ 
confefs that they have maintained a fallacious plea, we imagine 
it muft be by other proofs of the power of the Britiih parliament 
over them, - than thofe that are here produced. The fird argu- 
ment offered tojuftify this extenfion, is neverthelefs far front 
being the weakeft that hath appeared in the courfe of this con* 
troverfy, and efpecially of thofe contained in this performance/ 

* A fundamental principle that has ever been regarded as fuch far 
all writers of government is, that in every civilized ftate, there mm 
htp ibme where, a fupreme all-controling power. In the Briiift 
Hate this fupreme power is by the conftitution fixed in the unite^ 
wills of the king, lords, and reprefentacives of the people in parlia-i 
ment aflembled. Are the coionifts fubjedl to this fupreme power?. 
They themfelves acknowledge that they kre in every thing, except- 
ing taxation. But the principles of our conflitation, when fully un- 
derflood, will, I believe, evidently prove, that the Britifh parlia- 
ment, coropofed of the three eftates above mentioned, it fupremei 
not in one branch of legiflation alone, but in all branches, in taza* 
tion as in every thing elie, . without any refpe^fl to the approbation 
or difapprobauon of the individuals of the fociety over whom it pre- 
lides, when their general welfare is villbly the obje£i of its decrees/ 

This leads to an examination of the pofition, that in a free 
nation, fuch as ours, taxes cannot be impofed. without the con* 
fent of the individu^s of the fociety by whom they are to be 
paid, or of their aAual reprefentatives. Mr. Locke is cenfured 
for having afierted, *^ that the fupreme power cannot take from 
any one, any part of his property but by his own confent, 
otherwife he has no property at all.'' On this occafion the 
Writer fays, * if it be in the very eflence of a free man to djf- 
pofe of his property as he plcafcs, there is not in that ca(e i^ 
fitigle free fubjeS in Great Britain. Where is the noble or 
commoner that dare fay, he can refufe paying a tax, when the 
legiflature has ordained it ! Here however he overfhoots the 
mark ; for no man in his private capacity, can refufe obedience 
fo laws made by his reprefentatives : and if the Americans claioa 
no fuch right,' he fhould not infinuate abfurdities againft them^ 
of which they are not guilty. 

After advancing this charge of incongruity againft Mr. Locker 
die &me acdufation is extended to Mr, Pownal. ' 



! Froai 



in, a ciyiUze4 gpvcrnpcn^ it hfs been conwon to veg^ ^**^ 
in die Briti(h'tuce'as un^n jp^atuit, Qr. as a free rUt gpeu at uif 

E' ifurc of the individaai. t^\is governor PownaT tells at, " fiipl- 
s granted Jn oafliament arc of good will, not of ^uty j tlic &^ 
volimtaiy actof the giver, not obligations and fer^iccs, wIkIi 
the giver cannot ttf right reftfe." And again, *« Bitf, t!i« aretfe 
members of parliament, do not rive and graft t from thb proper^ of 
otbfFt «>ciif» theflufelRCs." Both of thefe are fallb propo^hionr, on- 
mofAy of tbf difc^rnnisiit and abiHtits, which tkat gcat|einm»iui 
fhc)vn in other pnrts of thp trc^tifc reSwred to, Whocw will b« 
adi'^t to the firil priacjpl^s, jind to the forms of the Bf itifii oopftics- 
tion for ages palt, mad, 1 think, allow, tha; fuppUes, panted ia 
parliament, are both of free-will apd of dptyj and ccrtftiniy in «- 
tardto the la(t proportion, the burden of fupplies is always extended 
tb a greater number of individuals than ever gave their con fen t to the 
raifi»g of them, either perfonally or by their reprefcntatives/ 

Wc do not clearly fee what is gained by this refined diftioc- 
Hm between Jufy zndfne ivitt. It is both the duty and will erf 
ill free focifcti^s to fupport thcmfelves in their political capar 
city J the mode and proportion of this fuppprt i?, wc will fup- 
pofe, voluntary : hjence that fuppprt will bie contriti^ted uadipr 
a,,t)VQ^Id confideration, of what is needful, and what they can 
^qtd i and of tbeTe circumftaaocfi, the repcefentattves of tbc 
peopk are the acknowledged judges. The fable of die beUy 
^ad the members is wrong applied by our Author in this cnk 3 
foc^ tbougJi an individual may perhaps be wtUing to die, we 
cannot fuppofe a nation to adopt the. refolution prfelf deflnic- 
tioD : add to this, that no undue exemptions can be inaintaiaed 
in popular aflemblies, where the majority always binds the mi* 
nority. As to every individual not being repreientcd in tbc 
firitifli houfe of cotprnpos., . it is cprtaiply a de^^^ cop&deriog 
the prefent circupilances of the p^opk, but 31^ n^iCl m^ko^tKe 
beft of our government as wc fin^ J^* The truth ja, our coofti^ 
tution ftill retains the frame which jt rqceiyed on the old feudal 
pi;incipl.es j when it knew nothing of perfons w^o were not 
cither freeholders, or freemen of trading corporations* Tiradjc 
has indeed made every individual zfree mmy but has npt veiled 
every man with an a<Uive fh^re in the political, goyer^unent pf 
tHe country ; though h$ participates in ail the advai^ptge^ a« 
individual can enjoy from tb^t govprniy^pnt: he is. feouxed 
iagaintt oppre&on, by the equal pr,QtRdlioi^ which . tb^Jaw^ af^ 
ford him j and he khow3 that thofc who enjoy tbc p9W5jrs pf 
legiljation, cannot tax hini, withput includifig^^jieipfelxeji. . %t 
the Americans who live in another y and a r<;^&^(:Q^mi'Y> ^i^ifl) 
is wh9lly u^reprefented 10 the B/itlfii parliamei^^, pl;:ad, thj^ if 
9ur powers of Uxation ex^ndp^ oyQf tlje pcea0|^ they have jjo 
Itich fecurity aigainft the abufe of them* 
. ^ ' Oof 



the Jnurican Cobnits vinjicaiedm d^^ 

, Our Author indeed fays, * I do not mean, however, that the fu- 
preme power in any flate has no limitation's; for if it ordains things 
contrary to the laws of God, or manifcftly deftruftf^ of the fociety 
over which it prefides, it ordains what it h^s no authority to ordaia^ 
confeqaently its ftotutei are void, and individoals may difobey, not 
that they have any inherent right oVerche enabling power; bat be« 
Cftttfe, infafl, nothif^ has b^n cna^Ud, when an, iniquitous fti^ute 
lias been promulgated.' 

We mui^ confefs we cannot fee the line here drawn ; ^fpeci- 
ally as there is no fear of an exprefs jftatute for the wor/bip of 
the devil, or for the deftruftion ojf'thc firft-bom of the land to 
reduce the price of provifions. Bu^ Jaws of a bad tendency may 
neverthelefs be enacted by ' the fuprcme all'ContKolling power j* 
sndQur Author (hould have informed us who are to declare them 
* void/ and hw wc may fecurely'^difobey* thcm» without in- 
turring the penalties ftnexed to the crime of rebdlion. 
■ After having reprobated the political fentimcnts of Mr» Locke^ 
find Mr. Pownal, there was little reafon to expeA our Authot^ 
fhould pay greater deference to the opinion of Df . Franklin, 
wbo is thus animadverted on: 

' The conftituents who (end ^he reprefentatives'ta the houfe ot 
commons, may not perhaps exceed 200,000 or 300,000 in number | 
yet ei|[ht millions of fubjedls in Great Britain are taxed by the reprc* 
icntatives of thefe conftituents without their Own confent. Thus we 
]ind that what B. Franklin ftates as a falfe propofition, i^ order X6 
apologize for the difobediencfe of the colohifts, is prccifely the true 
fundamental principle of the BritUh conftitution, ** That fellow-fub- 
|c6ls in' one part of the doifainfons are fovereigns over felloW-fubjc£ls 
m another part,'' even within the iHand of Great Britain, confc- 
quently throughout the whole empire. The truth of this pi^pofition 
being clearly eftabliftied, overturns at once the whole bafclefs fabric 
of reprfefentation and'taxation, reared by falfe oratory, but left nn- 
fupported by the leaft prop of a fingle argtiment,* 4 

However authoritatively this is decided, it is prefumed w6 have 
already (hewn the fecurity our unreprefented countrymen live 
under ; which is that of fliaring in the benefit of the laws of thci 
land, and bearing only the common burden of taxes, propor-* 
tioned to their property, trade, and expences. Unlefs the legif^* 
lature irapofed peculiar loads on the unreprefented part of the 
nation to the exemption of their conftitueats, we cannot per-» 
ceive how the above argument is (iipported* The Americans^ 
(who are an immenie body, living under peculiar circuniftances^ 
in a remote land, where they have raifed -diftinA communities^ 
who are not reprefented in our parliament, but have rcprefcn- 
tative affemblies of their own, and who bear their own internal 
burdens) defire only to live in the ftate of fubje<£tioti in which 
they have hitherto continued, without the impofltion of new 
claims over them : if thefe new daims^ produce difagreeAble 
Gonfequences, th^ are juftly chargeable on the innovators. 

Rsv« Apr. 1774. . T By 



^74' ^^ ^'i^^ ^/^^^ Brlitjh tigifidturi h tax 

, .By tlue tfitc which the Author has given of* the tii&i bctwecti 
Great Britaiii ami hei; c(Joaies^ be appears t6 Se a inuch cnorc 
coiDpecent jil<lge of that fufajed, than of tbehr pohtical coa- 
oexion. IMecft, to adopt his diftindion bet\freeh t poUtiial 
antl m^rcahtile balance of trade, and* agreeSngr with hioi that 
tJic flourifflihg ffa!c of America AeWS th^t the former rsr iif bef 
favour^ while the latter refb in Great Briitifty; » wSirtd Aite 
hcjtn mutii bdttc? if the motlic'r gauntry Hail reto?ni?3 confcnt 
with the gaih^ lloWing from her pb\fer^ irf r^ffrtcftng ihfe AAie- 
fican trade; than to haVeafcaied muriiiurs itH di(conteni?, by 
coVetbufly end^voUring to diraW bM^^\iXi(A^ 6^er Her^. 
Tbb fotlbWinjg' plat\ of colony taxatiob it ^o^6Aii 

• 'f hduglf the'SlbnifeV, Ifay; bo'g^t \U duty to bear a pro^rd&i- 
able (hiire of ail n^onaY burdens i^^ftd" 6/ tl!^fu^refn& legtflatiire» 
yet I would not be dn^e^66d tO n^e^h, thtft the/ oogbt to bear an 
equal tiarrWhh the fabj^s^in Ebi^and^ a:r i\m, woold Be ikfia 
diTproportionate., The gitat opuUnos towahis tW center df go- 
veirnroent^ en'abkt the fubje^s i^ho jnhabic there to^ bear foch caxes^ 
as would be rainous to the fubjcds in the ,remocer promces; hot the 
fflfialler contributicms of thefc laft are brought nej^r to a |Mur ^th 
thofe of the others by the abfntee pfdprietSors.. wHo t^^tx^ vs> tke 
feat of einpirey and fay the balaolre ot trade» wnic}\th^ ceiiter of the 
Aate generally receives from the exUemfd^s. The taxation of the 
colonies therefore, in regard to the national defence, may bf re* 
duced to the four following articles : i\ That the exports and im- 
ports in the colonies fhould be brop^' .as nearljr as" circdmftances 
will admit to tKe fiune rates as thole in Great Britain, a Tlut no 
tax ihould ever be impofed npon the American coIonWliy parlta* 
inent, without one of the fame kind beln^ impoled upod Great Bn- 
tain, in a proportionable degree. 3. That the land tax ih^old b^ 
ever at the fame rate both in the mother <*ottntry» and in Ajperi<9» 
4.* That taxes on luxury^ or fumptoary taxes, pugbt ever to'be t&c 
fame in both countries,; under which clais ttamb duties n^y very pfo- 
perly be ranged, independent of then* great utility in regulMing Bia» 
ny domeftic concerns.* ^ ^ * 

The methods of enfoTting AicK reguhfions aVe thui; iniiotnt^S: 

* As the'people in the eoloilics strir in gendral rather ndfled titah 
ill-intentioned, I believe I have with the(^ HXttzJSLy li^^the tnoft 
ci!e6\ual mdaris of a£!^King: th*^ n^t of parKameiit to taer«toii» in 
proving it to be altogether jnft and cOnftitutionaK But JU thcte aire 
others who'wtli not be convinced, bat by argsments cf a di:ffei)e&t 
natore, I leave it to fuch to reflefil upon the confeq^neDcefi to thenar 
fhould the two houles of parliament, in imitat^n of the pariianaent 
of Queen Elizabeth, humbly reprefeot to ^is Majedy that the qUr- 
tcrs of the .American colonics are detrimental to the nation, and pe- 
tition his Majetfy^ tarecal them ahd grant others, a& the Uie Kin^ 
"William did to the colony of MalTachufet's Bay, dire^ly agsnnft the 

requed of tbaic colony ; or how (hey would be affe^ed fhouid ani A 

of parliament be made in this prefent fei&on; • ena^ing Tkm SA 

the draivhacki and Aunties ufott umm^ditiis tXfMrted /a, «r iw^mriwd 

from the cticuUs^ Jball aa/e ; thui i'Uiry colonifi fiail h dttUtfd im^ 

£0««Mr 



thi Jmmcad Cohkhs tntuKcateJU I75 

t^^tiih ofbtiJtng mmj place rffref^ cr tn^ in QfiM MliNdm Pt A'tUmdi 

Niwfommdlmmi^ f anj thtr €$afi aflhrib jtmirieM% «r,f^nr|||yge.^A^|'- 
4«f t9 Gtiot Briimn ; that tbi a& in favour of tbt watwralizfitiom olfoftiMm 
^roitftants fittUng in Itortb JntkrifaJbaU Be repealed^ ana e%M fer^ 
ffm Great Britain aiti Ireland JkiUtig in the colonies^ be Mecland am 
alien f diid tncafable of being again fUitnralixed 'utith$ni an expref$ oB rf 
Ihe SrtfijB tegifi&tAre^ t w6uld propoib an ad dP parUament, con^ 
taliuog: tiki above xnendbtied claafei, but extending to thofe.colonief 
aldQe tvbo hare xefofed obedience to the ad, or acts of pariiamcnii 
impofing a tax upon the colooies. And fnch an ad ought to remaia 
in force as a mQBitor7» till the knilaturv of each cofony ^p^all,. in 
the ttiodi ex^refs manner, acknowledge. That thb Kinc^^s Ma- 
jBSTv^ tr an6 with thb advice an6 cosjiB^r 6v tHB L6iiol 

SPIRITUAL AND TBM^0ltAt» AnIS CdMllbNS OP OrBAT BtlTAili 
Afizuifib ttf t^AKXtAhitNti HAt4 iiATU^ ANI^ OP RIOHT OUGHf 
*]^b #AVtf iftLV PdWBl AND AVr^OAiTy TO MA^B £3lWi A II I» ST A* 
I'^tl) t^tr ^t)PriOi^H^ tOMSX AfeUS VAMDITT TO Ml'UU TMB. CPLO- 
ViCS. AKb ^BOPUI OF AMSaiClh^ 4VB/£CTi Of* T^lla QJMV^H fit 

G4€ikT i^TAnr'y^^ i»r all ca4bs whatsobvmrs .'^bii j|obIedecla- 
ration, did ^hf eoloni/U but fee their, owfi interefts^ 9^S\f tp^bci iCj- 
larded by them as ^ New Bill of KiOifT^ in thei^^favoor^ ^alnn 
the pretenfions of orerogative, tf^ afcenvards, jus ]M^e^ (hquld. 
by, and With tKe ac[vice of his parlumient, ddmft the Agent V i^ritf 
- -'-'-- •— Vhtof de1it — ' -"- 




wbuU not have ^bm t&enCe.t&^ im&Helt itffec of cpnftitiitibt&al au- 
thority moK than it Has at preicint. , Shpufd thb fadidtis ecAcAiifti 
i^U remain peribeifelyob^^ni^^^ iudeeS, th^ 

Sftother country xijuOave rkou^ ratio, oi; las*^ 

a^A^ON, ,iii maintenance ot itft jUS zikd hUtOral ri^bts ; a^^ wh^ 
would fale the cbuf^tt^nce of tile c6tltefi, ma^ be judgdd of from thi 
IbQbwiagjfemarks ot two peWbfi^ t(st ill acdu^int^d with America; 
l)r. Frankfiri tells iXs in iis pktdpiitti ipoJ th* (tolbniet, . *• Thift 
Whil^ our mtnpli^ ^t tei^ conittiit^; the baffle of the Ohio C^^ point 





talju- ancl much nearer than ConnaU^ht and Ulil^r were ih t&t d^yi 
of Queen EJfizabiii/' An<l_g>veirner Fo^nal in Ms Adm&i&inttioiJL 

o|f the Colonies objfr^es, * .— — - 

agfaiuA QaeSec, if the', '. 

two {hips of thfe fiiie, with a fiigatte <. ., , 

^tches, .they might have barpt Halifax, BoAon, NeW Ybrlt^ 6t 
Riiladelphia without intcruptiotf .'*, ^ Thcfe arc vidories, however; 
cliat a lover of Git^t Britain ana ofikt colonies would hfoM ui ab- 
horrence; ancl» 1 hope in the piefent difpute^ the only vldbrjr witf 
betje.yidor^oftruth.' %, * . 

, What is ic thai this ulitma ratio cannot cftAlUh for tttidil 



T % Art* 



C *76 ] 

Art. Vlf. A Camdid Statt ofJffmirs relatt*ut to Eafi India Shipphg^ 
for the Tmr 1773. AddrdPed to the Proprieton. Bjr Sir Riduid 
' Hotham. 4to. .28. Walter^ 1774. 

WE have lately had fevcral difadvaiitageous accounts of 
the mirmanagement of the £aft India Company's 
affairs I but accufations df a grofs nature receive not fo much 
weight from a concealed pen,.unle(ii fupported by very clear 
evidence^ as when the accufer ftands forth, openly and honeftly, 
to avow his charges, and ftamps them with the credit of a 
rcfpeftable name. 

Sir Richard Hotham once before, in ftrong terms, arraigned 
the Company's want of Economy in emplbying a fuperabun- 
dancy of Ibips in their fervice ♦. He explained the private 
motives, and traced the confe^uences, of ^is mifcbndu^ He 
has now.refumed the fubjcA; and relying; on the credit of fo 
well informed a writer, and . tnifting, as wi muft do, to repre* 
fentations which wear (b great an appearance of truth, we 
cannot 4>ut think this genth$man tntitled to the acknowledge 
ments of the Whole body bf independent proprietors. 

The {)^mphlet 6pcns with the following pertinent remarks 
bn the prefent fyftem of mariagdm^nt in the Company, 
c *• If the independent prq)rietors of Eaft India (lock could be pre- 
vailed Qu to examine into Ac real* Hate of their fhipping, there is no 
douB^^ biit tl^ey wpuld difcover, that very great abufes have been 
long piaiUlca; and, we'rV't^tey once well underftood, might the more 
cauly & cor'reflcd, They^ would ibon find i gftzl J>art of the Com- 
nany^s prefent difb-efs on^natecL with, and h^s beeti artfully upheld 
nyV feme of the leading, ini?rabfrs of their own body, who were im- 
mediately intruded tbcbn^ud thjfir affairs 5 t^ktrfg t6 their affifhihce 
iiich'of. tbcir friends, as th^y fbu;id, could moft effedually execute 
their fecret ' defign*. Th^y P^/y^ps wpdld diftttvef^ innumerable in- 
fiances, that one corruption and abuife 'introduced another; tilt cfaey 
are fo.interwQ.ven with pach'QiJieh and fo, ftrongly fupported by the 
prjvatciintereft of fpch a number of opukht iilcn, deeply intrenched; 
and locked aa it were arm. in arm> that it feemi to border On fbtly to 
offer tKe deareft truths, or fbundeft" arguments, if sf general Court, in 
defence of the real intereft of this very beneficial Company. A gbtrfng 
inffance of this appears in. the pppofition, lately made, by a large 
body oOerJF* rich fhip-builders^, rope-makers, hulbiands, and com- 
manders^ with their ivuin^rous conneAiont* All iJf whom are'^ai 
they iayl, injured by the necefla'ry red'uftion*' yf ftiipping. Axni w- 
deed, if^we cpnfider, that they have enjoyed the fweets of building 
and repairin^^ fitting and rentting old rotten (hips, becoming ^ 
chiefly by being unemployed, at ah fnifredHk lexj^cnce to die C6m- 
pany and fhip-owners, for the laff twenty years, is it to be wondered 
at, that they ihould (6 unwillingly part with fbdi taluable gam» 
having evidently had above double the nnmber of ibips in this Arr^ 
' :-: ' — : ^-^ ^ • 

• See Review, vol. xlviii. p. 327. 

vice 



Poiham en th EaJl-InSa Shipping for the Yior 1773. 277 

vice than could be properly employed ? and if as many more conld 
have been introduced, it would have been flill more advantageous to 
them» For the more (hips, the greater number of commandera And 
officers, the mord fpHt votes they could create, the more real ones 
they could make, and of courfe the more of their friends they could 
force into the direflion. Thefe were the iinews of their great tranf- 
aflion, by which very large fortunes have been made. But this once* 
Hourilhing Company has not been enriched by thefe means. On the 
coiitrary, her diftrcffes have come rapidly on from every quarter, 
even from her fuppofed htfi friends nearefl home. She has (ately 
narrowly efcaped immediate, ruin ; therefore every decent and rea* 
fonable information ought to be well received, that can contribute 
to her recovery. . There is no doubt, but that this junto will ever 
prevail in Leadenhall-Hreet. Their intered makes them watchful, 
and give cloie attendance, when any thing relative to (hipping is agi- 
tated. The difinterefted proprietors give themfclves, 1 am afraid, 
«o trouble to be undeceived. They arc too apt to believe the artful, 
well-told tale of the day : and if it gains credit only for half an 
honr, while a well-inllrufted majority fandifies it by a vote, 
they gain their ends. But would the proprietors attend, and impar- 
tially decide; thofe that have abilities v^ould be encouraged to fpeak 
out. But to what purpose would it be for a fmall number to «xerc 
themfelves, when fo great a majority of interefted people are ready 
to put a negative on the beft-concerted propoiicion ? To engage the 
attend^cie of independent proprietors, the Author of this treatife 
fnbmits many truths, carefully colleded, and prefents them to the 
Public ; prefumlng that every land-holder in England, that pays to 
the land-tax at the rate of one thoufand pounds a year, is much 
more concerned in the profperity of this Company, than a proprietor 
who pofleffes one thousand pounds capital flock. The one can only 
lofe his flock ; but the other, were the revenues, now paid by the 
Company, to be annihilated, mull make good thofe deficiencies, if 
no other expedient could be found out. The clear revenues, arifing 
from the Company's trade, are faid to bring in annually to the pub- 
lic treafury nine hundred thoufand pounds. This is equal to nine 
fifteenth parts of the land-tax, at three (hillings, and would require. 
If on land, near one fhilling and ten-pence in the pound ; fo that 
cvtry eleventh year the lai^-holder's whole capital would be anni- 
hilated. In this point of view, it behoves the landed intereft, and 
others of any kind of property, to attend in time to this y^t^ im« 
portant truth : for if the proprietbrs themfelves nuill not, or cannot 
remove the enormous oppofition to the Company's future profperity. 
It onght then to engage the ferious attention of parliament ; not 
only for the fake of the Public, but likewife for the fecurity of the 
injured Hock-hoMbrs both at howu and abroad.^ 

Referring the operofe calculations and (late of fa£b em* 
ployed to (hew the annual lofs fuftained by the Company in 
the article of (hipping, (which is eftimated at 142,000/. nearly 
^\. fir Cent, on the whole of. their ftock) to thofe who are 
more immediately interefted in the examination ; we (hall, in 

T 3 ' confideration 



f;«ilidqfation of t|^ impoi;Uii£c qf th^ futyefi, J^d pjirt jrf wj)|| 
|;he Wrii^er %b on the artkle of privAj:p traflc* 

.' Did not the captain'^ piivitie trtde iqt^ltu^ m^ t)ie Ceiii^jp}r> 
tfnd aup-onrnen' joil rightSt tike fqllptying {noil isodcrate oli^a- 
turn wottU be ioipropcr : bet, a« tbe cii^e pqw js^ kt ns luppQ^B, 
.that a jbip oifnxtn hnmdfd 49d Jifty-pgk KW, baUd(:r^ mfiUure, if 
cjqiwbk of taiua^ out (allow fpr |^ 4ke pf eyqp Dmnben) o^ 
tbou&nd toofy which hat ifonskerlx cairied put oiUy t^ree or foQf 
Imiidred for the C^mf^mjf ; and fiiikd at tl^ fame ^ra{jt of waUTa 
that (he now doo, with a tboiifaod |oqs. It ieefi^s f^r rcuUbping 
toeonclodet that this fliip bad loaded o^ tboufaod tpfts before be? 
fiiilifigt at the fame draft of waten It then follows, that iftjhe Co^i* 
pany had only three or four handred. tons on boards fome other pqv 
Ion bad the benefit of the reft, fipt, to be very candid op t^U oc-r 
caiion. I will allow* that the ihip had five hundred for the Coa^ 
pany, and five hundred tons of private trade. Under this foppo- 
iitiont I beg leave to take a view of the Company *s affairs ^t ^if 
port the (hip is configned to in India, wtiere t^eir fervants bai^ 
bitberto been allowed to trade. 1 hefe gentlemen perhaps tX)Qld not 
immediately pnrchaie the Company's goods ; and as the commandcn 
and ofiLcers have an equal, if not a (bperior quantity, poffiblj of 
better cboien, and more marketable wares, excluGve pf guns, fire* 
armsi and other prohibited merchandize, as well i^ cloth, cordagir, 
lead, iron, &c who can beitate to believe, but that ^be private uad^ 
will find tite firft, and eonfequently the beft market? And will any 
nan of common ienfe fay, that thefe hve hundred tpos of ^rivai;! 
trade firft fold (ib fiur as they eoriefpond with the Company's inyeft- 
ment) wiH not damp the fak of their g9Qd< 2 e^'pcjcialjy aa fud( 
large inveftments, as are reported feme commanders have tak^ outt 
amounting perhaps to twenty thoofand ]K>unds and upwards f AUoif 
a part of tbu fnm to have been laid out ip vmU^m tUfhs f h it to be 
wondered at then, that jour cloths remain unfold at Bengal, ar^ de> 
pofited in the warehoufes, and Stccm m^k-mtPf- purely xhl% is 4 
Bamral confequence. How then is this to be prevepud but by abo« 
liibing all private trade ? Would it not be tbo,«gbt ej^tr^mely i^bfacdt 
for any man labouring under a violent diftemper in bis blood to 
fufifer it long to remain, without applying iox a tpmtdy : woald it 
not daily fpread through every vein, and cont^^^nate bis whole 
mafs, till at laft the faul confe(|uenpe is the (ofs of 1^^ i I{aa sol 
the original introdudion of private trade p^.ca£on^d a violent d^ 
order in the con^tntion of the Company ? Ha$ it ^pt b.een uipi^ijf 
eircul^ting through every part of it for many ye|ir^, daily iqipairjn^ 
its ftrength and vigour, till it is become weak and languid ? Will a 
not then, if not prevented by a total prohibidop, prpve latal to the 
flock>holders ? To carry this plan into e;!^ec;ution, give your cfiptaina 
fburthouiand pounds fi>r eacb voyage, be it hmg or Jif^ru T-bk 
would put an end to the Compaivy's long and ^profitab^ ^^#iB?> 
efpecially that moit fhameful one to Bombay an<^ C.hina, wj^cb u 
generally given by the Chairu^ap to feme favourite, as a recpmpei^ 
for €xtraor4fnarji /erwes. If al| the voyages wcr^ made of eqna^ 



Hotham on ihi Eqft Ifidia Shipplftgfor tht Tiar 1773. 279 

value to tbe commanders, a flop would be pat to all improper foli* 
citanoiis'; and the dire&ors left at fiSerty to parl«e the C6mpanx''j 
Mtereil 4itfy. Thus, no voyage, v^ichoat fomfc anforefeea aocident, 
need be longer than fixteen months, and it i^opld effe^o^Ilj prevent 
all tvf'lfit^ u/s ^ifjfffii and jMoni\ Jt wcmld greatly promote the 
i^peedy difpatch or your ihips abroad* and confeqcrently fave an iturt» 
i'tbk dimurragt. It wotitd nkewife difcourage your commanders from 
puttings into' Ireland or elfewhere,' outward or homeward bound, 
onleft throDgh real di^fs, or other necelTary occafioni * Give your 
^ief pr iiril fn^tc .twenty, (he fecpnd £fteen,.ihe third twelve, tbe 
|ourth ten ihil lings pfr da^y, .^o th^ ^nd of fixteen months piily^ but 
if t|iis, and wha>t h^s bepn propqCed for the commanders fhouFd nc^ 
)>e thought fufii<6!ept, allow 1^0 re. An inconceivable advantage 
will certainly anTe to the Company, if you preferve your trade and 
chartered rights to'yourfclves ; and thole yon employ will becon^e 
rich, honeft, and refpeflable. I have never heard more than two ob- 
jedUons to this plan t the firil is, make them what allowance you will, 
nhey will Itill ptirfue the fame illegal pradice. fiad men, indeed, in 
ill flations of life, will perievere in wrong anions. But, furely, if 
you pay t;hem ge^^jerouily, and the piirti^s atknOfldfidge chemfelves 
/atis^ed, a law may be made to infl^id an exe^^ipjwy puAJihment o» 
^hofe who tran^iefs. • 

'* The other is, that the captains and oiEcers having thnr all^ qr 
their grcatcft property on bpard, will Hand by the ihip, on all dan- 
gerous occafions. niuch longer than if they had no property to be 
fallowed up in the ocean, 6r taken by an enemy. A failor ^s faid 
¥0 fsf little or no valtte upon his life ; I do allow, that failors are 
brave and intrepid. The ibber and fe^iible part of them have tho 
^iaoe feelings at other naen, when^ their lives are at ibike« As the 
^a^' now ll^ndSf they Jofe all their wages, if the ihip does not arrivs 
fafe. But if their wages are increased, to wh|it nheir fprmer advaiH 
x^^%% brought them in, '^ey will not bepjui;ed. 1 cpold now.widi 
to recommend to the proprietors, to form fuch a la,w ^s may totally 
prevent that very deflru^ive cuftom 0/ felling or buyii^g commAnds^ 
or births in (he mips employed in their (ervice. It is fraught widi 
every mifchlef, and 0|>erates daily kgainft every principle of jaftice 
and common honefty.* ' ' ' ' " 

Here wcfhalt difmifs a fubjed wit4i which it will not be fup- 
pofed that we are very lotinFiately acquainted, (effidalfyjmcitbi 
difquarification of finall pr^priftoti) otAy hinting to Sir Richard 
jSfotham, that If he cin but contrive to qualify our fociety to 
enter on the dire^ion^ anJ to review the affairs pf this opulent 
Cofppany^ in^ead of confining our talents to the fuppoft of a 
mpnthly |^amphlet,--*we hereby engage, on fo defirable a tran^- 
-}ationy to render l^s fafther remonitrancea on this or any other 
fpeties of mal-adminiftrat^on, totally unneccflary : and we think 
lie capnoc have a feirer offer. 

T 4 Art, 



• 



[ 28o ] 

AiiT«VIII. FbilofipbUal Tran/a&ions. VoL. LXii, concluded: Set 
Review fi>r January, p. 28. 

Articles relating to Chemistry. 

Article 19. Objtrvations on iiffvrent Kinds of Air ^ By Joicpb 

Pfkftlcy, LL.D. F.R.S. 

THIS long aod valuable Article, which contains maoj 
original and important obfervadons, both on the atmo- 
fpherical, and on various kinds of fa&itiolis, air, has been very 
juftiy diftinguiflied by the Society to which it is addrefled, by 
their adjudication of Sir Godfrey Copley's mqdal to the inge- 
nious Author of it. Ifi his refearches into this interefting part 
of natural philofophy. Dr. PrieiUey has indeed been peculiarly 
fortunate : though it is fcarce juit to ufe that expreffion in 
the prcfent inftance ; as few of his difcoveries have beea the 
produd of chance, hut evidently the refult of a happy turn for 
philofophical fpeculation, and of a certain addrefs-^a curi^ 
felUites^n planning, feiedling, and executing the moft apt or 
appropriate experiments. As the Philofophical Tranfadions do 
i^o^ fall into the hands of many who may be both inclined and 
qualified to profecute and extend the Author's difcoveries, wc 
are glad to hear, not only that the Dodor is preparing a fepa- 
rate edition of this valuable article, which will (hortly be pub- 
lifhed \ but that he has likewife very confiderably eiflarged it 
with new and Interefting obfervations. We (ball therefore de- 
fer giving any account of the prefent paper, till we have had the 
-iatisfadion to perufe this larger and more complete det^ of hh 
philofophical inquiries* 

The two remaining articles of this clafs contain only tbe asu* 
lyfis of certain mineral waters. In Article 3, Dr. Donald 
Monro gives an account of thofe of Caftle-Loed and Fairburo, 
in the county of Rofs ; and of a purgb^ water at Petkcathly 
in Perthfiiire. In the 32d Dr. PercivaT relates tbe experi- 
ments made by bim on the waters of Buxton and Matlock, ani 
.944s fome obfervations with refpe^ to theif ufe. 

Papers relating u Mbdicinb^ 

.Article 3i« On the Dlge/Hm of the Stmacb after Dioti. By 

John Hunter, F. R. S. iccm 

This article contains fome new and curious fiads, and phf- 

£ologica] dedudUons from them, which throw confiderahle 

l^ight on the procefs of digeftion. Tbe ingenious Author 6b* 

-ferves that ^U animal fubdanc^s, while they are endowed with 

t^e Jlvittg principle^ are protected by U from the adioa of many 

other powers, to which they yield when they are divefted oi 

iu Thus, as long as this principle remains m them, wonns^ 

Q( Qthet infe^^ live in tb^ ftomach, uodifturbed by its di- 

Z gcftire 



PhiUfopbUal Tranfa^hns^ fir tbi Tior 1773. a8r 

geftive powers, and even breed and are hatched in that 
Hnfcus: but on the lofs of that prind'plc, they become fubjeft to 
thefe powers, and arc decompounded. * If it were poffiblc/ 
fays the Author, * for a man's hand, for example, to be intro- 
duced into the ftomach of a living animal, and kept there for 
fome confiderable time, it would be found, that the diflblvent 
powers bf the (lomach could have no efFedt upon it \ But if the 
nme hand were fepafated from the body, and introduced into 
the fame ftomach, we fhould th6n find that the ftomach would 
immediately aft upon it.' 

That the fubftance of the ftomach itfelf is not formed of in« 
digeftible materials is well known ; as the ftomach of a dead 
juiimal is eafily digefted in the living ftomach of another: but 
the Author has difcovered that the latter, though it is capable 
of refifting the digeftive powers which it contains, while it is 
pofleffed of the principle of life, is no fooner deprived of it^ 
than it becomes immediately capable of being, itfelf, in part 
digefted, tneriely by the remains of that very power, which it 
juft before poiieflTed, of digefting other inanimate fubftances | 
and which are now exerted upon its own fubftance. 

In the difle(£lion of dead bodies, the effe£is of this filf'iigeF* 
fhe power refiding in the ftomach have been often obferved ( 
though the true caufe of the appearances was unknown. A 
confideAble aperture has been found in this organ, at its great 
extremity, through which its contents have been obfcrvol to 
bave pafled into the cavity of the abdomen, fo as to tome into 
contact with the fpleen and diaphragm ; on both which have 
appeared evident marks of diflblution. The edges of this open- 
ing have exhibited figns of their having undergone the a£lion of 
fome folventg fo as to refemble the ftate of a fleftiy fubftance 
ivhich had been half digefted in the ftomach of a living animaU 
There are very few dead bodies, the Author obferves, in Which 
fome traces at leaft of thefe appearances may not be obferved. 

It was natural to conclude that thefe feemingly morbid ap« 
pearances had been produced during the life of the fubjed; 
af^ as natural, fometimes, to confider them as the probable 
caufes of his death ; but the Author never found that thev had 
any connexion with the fymptoms of the preceding diieafe ; 
and was afterwards led to the true caufe, on finding thefe ap« 
peanmces moft frequent in thofe who had died a violent death* ' 
in one cafe, for tnfiance, here related, a man in perfeA healthy 
after having eat a hearty fupper, was killed outright by a fingle 
blow of a poker on his head. On opening the abdomen, the 
ilomachyvas found diflblved at its great end,, and perforated; 
fo that a confiderable part of its contents bad paQed into the 
general) cavity of the belly* 

* la 



In confequcnqe of z yaricty of phfcryutiqns an4 f^B^^V'^ffBi^ 
made by tlie Author on the fubj^rS, lie wa^ k4 tp copduJc 
ithat it was < from th^ procefs of digeftiofi going on ^fccr <tcatb» I 
that the ftqmachi being dead, ,wa8 no jqnra: capable of rcfift* ' 
ing the powers of that qienftrjium, wluch itfclf bad foxta^ for 
the digcftion of its contents/ With this Jj3ca, he ^ jfet about 
pakin^ experiments to produce jjhpfe ^ippcafgnce^ at pljrafure. 
vhich Avoi/id have taught us ^ow juu^ fbt anitoal ougftiio liv^ 
after feeding, and how (ong it Qiould remain after dfaih b^^forp 
jt IS opened ; and above all^ to find out the method fff pro* 
ducing the greaiell digefliv^ power in tfie living (Ipmacb-' jBut 
|his purfuit led him, heobfcrves, into an unboundcjoiieM- 

The genera] refult deduced by the Author from hfs variotu 
experiments and obfervatious pnade on different anirpal.^, paicT- 
cularly fifh, is, that the procefs of dlgcftjon is nojt effeflfcj \^j 
means of * a mechanical power, nor contrafiions f>f the fto- 
jnAch •, nor by heat; but that fomething b fecreted in the coax$ 
of the Aomach, y/hich is throvyn into its cavity, ^d th^r^ suu- 
tnatlfcs the food, or aflimiiates if, to the natur^'^f tl^ J^lb€>it» 
be adds, that ih all the animals, >be:b.er C^r,Qiv9ro^^ or oat, 
upon which he has made pbfervatiQns, ^e has coi>A{aniI|: found 
an acid, but not a ftror.^ one, contained ip f-^^ iuiiccs^ of their 
^omach, y^htn that vljcus has been in a natura) itatp* 
Article 34. On the medicinal FJjf'^^^h j/"^ PoiJinQus PlanU^xbibi:£4 
infiead of the tt^ater-parfnip. By Richard Pultepej, M. D* 
F. R. S. ' . ' 

This article contains the cafe ,9/ a gentleipap,.wliQ b^> jdu- 
rmg a courfc of feveral years^ bee/i 9M\&^6 with an invcteraX^ 
f!iforder of the fcorbuttc clafs, that inc.wcd JifeU* ip hlhloifts 
which c^me out on different parts, and were fu'c^ecd.eid by atjco^ 
pious feparation of fcales, as is ufual ip leprous ca(es« Afoer 
having been reduced to the nK)fi ^^plorable Sate, in coafir* 
quence of t(^e difprder's gaining ground, not wit h^l^di^g xhnex* 

^— — — - II Ml I I ^ ■ I — ^^ 

f This pofitioD, we apprehend, thje Author ,do(B| ^ptinf^^cj;^ 
l^nd to animals' aniverfally. jFrpm ^e'aupittr's e^p^tm^t^ U ^fpf 
fp follow that ip birds which feed on grain, and which pave a ga* 
iard, digeilion is principally performed by a mechanical power; €t 
by trituration. 1 his forci in the ftomacK of a turkey, meaiore^ % 
^ it9 effeds i^i flattening certain tin tabes, which lie obliged the bm 
x6 fwallow, was found by hitt to be t^tial tO 437 pounus; At tljp 
fan^e time different forts of grains, raw; boiled, andhojled, ii iU o fc d 
an thefe ^ube«, which w^re ppen at ^hcir extreoriti^s, were Aot «t;all 
s^e^ed. Neverthelefs he acicpqw)edge> an .afci|l -^juor ^ eijlt^ 
;hey lli^achs^ ^hicb promotes a ferinentatiof f^i tfim}fiOM.^ 
their food, S^ Hem. di fjcad. Bfj* dit Sci$ft<ff 4 J^arif f^^CJ^^ 
»7S2. • ' • ' ....... ... 

3 hibidca 



Pbihfifhicfl Tranfi^cnff fir ibi Year 1 773, aSj 

]u)M^ion of the moil powerful remedies, he was at length cured 
t>v faking the juice or a certain j)oifonou8 plant which had been 
given him, through miftake, in the room of that of the Water- 
paffnip. The Author, on bs^^g httn informed of this ca(c^ 
{^ocuird a fpecimen of the plant, which had efieiftcd this extra* 
ordinary core, and iband it to be the Oenanthe crocata^ oi 
Hemlocki drop- wort; a vegetable which holds a diffjoguiflici 
place among the poiibrxous plants indigenous in thiis iflandf 
and concerning the deleterious dicds of which the Reader will 
iind fofne of^fervgtions communicated to the Public by Dr« 
Wftfon, in the 44th and joth volumes of the PhiloCc^hical 
TranfaAibns. 

Z O O L O O T. 
Article 20. jln EJfay on thi pirioiUal apptaring and £fappianng 

hf ariain Btrds^ at drffunnt Timts of tbi Toar. By the Hon* 

Jbaipes Barringtoii, Vice-Pref. R. S. 

In thi? eflay the Author difcofles a very curious problem in 
natural tiiftory, which he folves in oppofitioo to the prevailing 
opinion a^npng the moft celebrated ornithologifts, who now in 
general concur in accounting for the periodical difappearance 
of ce/tain intire fpecies of birds, by fuppofing that they migrate 
from hence into d'ftant countries : and yet, according to Mr* 
Harrington, the principal foundation of this opinion is, that in 
Europe w;e fpe certain fpecies of birds in particular feafons, and 
lofc fight of them afterwards. From hence it has been haftiljr 
inferred that they crofs t;he ocean, and vifit other countries* 

Mr. Barrington denies that aiiy well attefied inftances can 
\ft product of this fuppofed migration, which, if there were 
^ny fucH periodical fljght, could not poffibly have efcaped the 
frequent obfervation of feamen. It has indeed been aflerted 
that birds of paflage become invifible in their flight, becaufe 
th|ey rife too high into the air to be perceived, and becaufe they 
chpofe the ni^kit for their paflaee. The Author however ex- 
prefies his doubts < whether any bird was ever feen to rife to a 

Si;eatcr he;ig^t than perhaps twice |hat of St. Paul's croft}' and 
e further endeavours to mew that the extent of fome of thefe 
fuppofed migrations (from the northern parts of Europe, for 
loftanc^, to the line) is too gr^at tp \^t accounted for, by bar* 
^^ recourfe ^b the argument founded on a nodumal pa&ge. 

The Authpr next recites, 'in a chronological order, all thein« 
fbncmhathe ha? beep able to colle£t, of birds having been, a<£tu- 
ally fttn \iy ^riners when th^y were croffing a large extent of 
jea^ and he e9(ie)vours to (hevf that no ftreG can be laid on the 
lew casual obfervations of tfib kind, that have been produced in 
^uppprt oJT the doi^ri^e of a regular and periodical migratbn# 

Tdr. Barringtoii afterwards proceeds to invalidate M. Adan- 
ii^'9 pclcljf^ti^ ob(eryatid|i with refped to the migration of 

' ■ * .the 



284 Ththfcpblcal TrafifaSfionsy for the Tear 1773. 

the fwallow, in particular, and which has been conCdered by 
Ipany as perfectly decifive of the prefeat queflion. He eodea* 
Tours to {hew chat the four fwallows which that naturallft 
caught, on their fettling upon his ihip, on the 6th of Odober, 
at about the dift^nce of 50 leagues from the coafl of Sencgali 
and which he fuppofes to have been then proceeding from En* 
rope, to pafs the winter in Africa, could not be true European 
fwallows ; or, if they were, could not have been on their return 
from Europe to Africa. His objei^ons are founded princi* 
|>ally on fome proofs which he produces of M. Adanfon^s want 
of accuracy on this fubjed, which has led him, in the prefent 
inftance, to miftake two African fpecies of the fwallov^ tribe, 
defcribed and engraved by Briflbn, for European fwallows, to 
which they bear a general re(embla;ice : or granting even that 
they were European fwallows, he contends that they were flit- 
titig from the Cape de Verd Iflands to the coaft of Africa j 
* to which fhort flight however they were unequal, and accord- 
ingly fell into the failors' hands/ 

After many ob/ervations and reflexions on the fubjc£l, the 
Author endeavours to fupport the opinion that fwallows, amd 
perhaps' fome other fuppofed birds of pafliage, reniain with us 
during the winter in a torpid ftate ; obferving that, notwith* 
ftanding the great care which they take to conceal thcmfelves, 
it is certain that they have been frequently found, during the 
period of their fuppofed abfence, lying hid in caverns, or hollow 
trees, and even under water, fiefide other inftances^ well 
known to thofe who have attended to this fubjed, the Author 
gives us the teftimony of Mr. Stephens A. S*S, who aiTured 
him that he had himfelf picked up a dufter of three or four 
fwallows (or martins) out of a pond of his father's at Sbriven- 
ham in Berkihire, in the month of February ^ that they were 
caked together in the mud \ and that on carrying them into the 
kitchen, they foon flew about the room, in the prefence of his 
father, mother, and others. The fame h& was afterwards con- 
firmed to the Author by Dr. Pye, who was then Mr. Stephens's 
fchool'ifellow at Shrivenham, and by another gentleman who 
now lives in that village. 

It may naturally be afked, why fWallows, in particular, are 
not frequently thus found in their torpid |bte. In anfwer to 
this queftion the Author obferves, that < the fame inftin^ 
which prompts the bird thus to conceal itfelf, inftruAs it to 
choofe fuch a place of fecurity, that common accidents will not 
diTcover it ;* — that < ponds are feldom cleaned In the winter, iis it 
is fuch cold work for the labourers / — that fa£ls of this fort are 
little attended to ; and that the common labourers who have 
the beft chance of finding torpid birds, make no mention of 
th^ difcovery to others 3 as they condder it as a thing of courfe, 

and 



PhihfopbUal TranfaSfkntf for the Tear 1 773.' ^85 

and confequently not interefiing to any one. He adds, that 
fwallows may be conffantty taken in the month of OSobeij 
and even folate as Novernber, during the dark nights, while tbev 
fit on the vrtUows in the Thames ; * and'that one may almoil 
inftantaneoitfly fill a larg^ fack with them, becaufe at this time 
they will not ftir from the twigs, when you lay your hands 
upon them.' This, fays, the Author, • looks very much like 
their beginning to be torpid, before they hide themfelves Under 
the water.* 

On a matter which has fo muck divided the moft celebrated 
naturalifts, it might become us pc^rhaps to be, filent. We Iball, 
however, juft mention one obfervation on this litigated point* 
which l)a& beieti fuggefted to us by an ingenious friend, and 
which, with certain conccffions, apoeai's to us^to be perfeAly 
dccifive of tliis^ueftion, in. favour of the doftrine of migration, 
Wc offer it with fbme degree of timidity ; but as the public* 
we conceive, do not confider us in the light of profeiTed orni^ 
thologifts, wc ihall lofe no credit in propofing^t. " 

The fwallow, it is fuppofed, like other birds, moults once a 
year arleaft : but during the whole time this bird is fcen ^^ith 
us, it appears in full feather. The ^rocefs of moultiftg there- 
fore muft be performed foniewKerc; but as It isabfurd to fap- 
piofel^at this great change can be effeftcd in thcfe birds, wbile 
they are 'lying aflecp or tpfpid in caverns and'liollow trees, t)r 
immerfed in clufters, in the mud at the {)Qrttom of ponds or 
rivcrS|'th^y nxuft mowlt -in fonjediftatnt country, to which they 
retire When tbey difappear in thcfe parts. — Such is the fub- 
Rance of 6ur friend^s argument ; and granting him his two datd^ 
we kt not any objeftion that can be made to his conclufion. 

In Aftfcle a, Mr. Barrington inveftigates the fpccific cha* 
ra£ters which diftihguifhthe rabbit from the hare ; and fuggefts 
tviro criteria lefs exceptionable than thofrthat have been hitherto 
^fltred to mark this diftiiiSHon'.^-^Inf the Article preceding iti 
is given a 'fliort techn}6al Jefcription of a curious and uncom*> 
non^fpecies of bird, which Dr. James Badehach' lately met 
nrtth at Malacca : and in the 28th and 29th Articles Mr. J. Rl 
Forfter ha? given us an account, drawn up l^y him from the 
3apers of one of the officers of the HudTon's Bay Company, of 
'everal uncommon quadrupeds and birds ; a large colledion of 
.vhtch has lately been prefented to the Royal Society from tbe 
a^lory at Hudfon*s Bay, 

Botany. 

This clafs contains only two papers, in the firft of which, 
\rticle 16, Mr. Holwd gives an account of a new fpecies of oak, 
irft difcovcred and propagated about feven years ago by Mr. Wm. 
Lucombe of St. Thomas, near Exeter ; and fince that time, by 
nany gentlemen in the adjoining counties; The progenitor of 
. • - * • . . thi« 



aSS fkhjophtcai Tran/bHians^ for tie fia^ iJH^ 

diis liew race was produced from an acbm, tal^ii, tc^ether ii^ 
^any others^ from an oak 6i the iron or wamlcoYipecies^aod 
fewn with them, tt (bon' diftinguifiied itiel/ f^m tde rc^ fir 
l^eeping its leaves throughout the winter. Mmi^ tlbomuui 
were grafted from it, wbicli tl^c Author Bad the ^lesifure of 
ifeeing^ foml;\^bat atiove a year ago, * in (iigti flourt(hing 6e^tf 
anfi verdure, notwittiftanding tbd (everltj oif tlie mnter.^ But 
the peculiar and eftlmsh>le part of th^ chara(9:ej:' of tlii^ tree, is 
the amazing nmidity of its growth. The W^nt tree, ^fcvca 
years old, meauirea 21 feet in height, ana hill 26 inches in 
the girt. The iirft that Mr. Luco^Se grafted^ whic6 is 6 jeao 
old, has even outdiot its parent two ^eet in heigfiL T'lieiii^le 
ihoot made by thi^ fpecies of oak anni^airy is 10 general from 
four to five feet ; fo tnat, the Author calculates, the(e tlrcis will, 
m the fpace of 30 or 40 years,, outgrow in height and girt tke 
jpommon oak at a hundred. Its Viropdl likewi(e is thous^t, 1^ 
the beff judges, to exceed all other oalt in i&eiigtn 2id 
hardnefs. . , • 

The 23d article contains a propoial made by Mr. C)&rz8o« 
pher Gullet of preferving different vegetables, pau-ticMrarly cab- 
)>ages, whea^ fruit trees, an^ turnep^ from the ravagjess of 
caterpillars, flies, &c. by drawtna; an elder bum 6yeif t^em, the 
effluvia of which appear, from lome bcperunenlfs liere related, 
to be extremely otfendve to thefe.anci.otbef noxioiis itiio^^ 
rAP£as niating Jo i^ATVK Ah ^is^oitY, W GaogiLAPHT* 

In the loth and tjth articles Captain Charles NeW(atufxoiB^ 
municates fome ufeful nautical obfervatibns maiiz by him doriif 
a voyage on the Red 3ea, accompanied with anewcl^s^o^dbat 
fea, and two large drau^ts of the roaijs of Mo^ha an^ J'li^Ma. 
In the 15th article a particular account is given, bjf Mr^Joha 
Walker, of the late cxcraordinfiry irruptiOn of wlwaj Mois, 
ill unrated with z drawing: and the 25th contaias a table <^' 
the obfervation^^ made by Captain Cook^ inl^is voyages ipooJ 
the world, on the lowing of the tides in different pairts ojf ti^ 
South Sea. 

A N T I q^U I T^X ES^j ,.. . T 
Article 8. Jn Jaoimt gfafubaratid Datforiusi iie. By the Ker. 

John Swinton, B. D. F. R. S. r 
. Though we have repeatedly for fome ^ime pw attempted, as 
far as we decently might, to divert the^rcyerend^ Author of 
this article from his miiiute and untntefefting invetfigatidns of 
obliterated and mutilated legends, that occur in certam remtios 
of Punic and Etrurian antiquity j he prefents himfclf once more 
on the fame ground, and appears as intenfely occupied as evo 
in the fame unimportant inquiries.-— ^Your true anti^uariaa 
hobbyhorji^ we find, is a grave and ftately animal^ and not 
eaiily to be put out of his accuflomed pace, by the crojjings md 



Phihjophtcat Trakp^fQhs^ /if tU tdar ijJ2^ ^^j 

j^/filigi ot a frilky critic^ p6hey« tVc fometlmes however ha?^ 
the vamty. to iiiaagine that wc may have been inftrum'ental,^ of 
lacei^ In ctiecklng the /requchcy qF £ts ilrinojs; a^Vd rejoice that 
V^c have a^t preCnt the rcfulc of only one or ibem, to relate. 

^ certain Tub- 

... ... ,.,__. ,..,,.,._._,..._,.., .,.,,. fXAittok^, 

Oil the rcvcrfc 5 and that the excfgue^ in EtruTcaii chafaflers, may 
^apd for * FIR,^ or rather FUR, AhTxf E, i, e. FOlf^. ' 
fO^TUNA, pr30RS, Al^ 1 11, or A^X^^^^'^^^k 
imporf ot this exergue, thus fajlsfa'florily cleafcci uj^, Mr, S*. 
learnedly difcuffcs ; — ^but, atas ! ^ tVho r. Cofihius. wHoK JV^w 

whf t 

iorlus, _ ,. ^_ ^_ -, _^. -. ^ 

ftcien^ lightf fyi)ni Sncieht m^ ; 
fiicpts, tzkeAipon mc' to ^ecide,* 
•P. C'/A/zrf 




rdun'ded with a^meet of Ibad^ aft'.thc parts^ except t^eyifccra 
of the.aDdomeii^ which Ka'd^be^H't^l^cif out^^ 
u^ncqmmcn ftitp of preferyatipnr. . Thbugli tlie* xfiulcles in g<> 
heral had -loft tiieir red c6lpQr« tpcT pjoas mdgnus exhibited .'evi- 
dent* marks of red mufctilar fibred; The diira mater was intlre. 
a^ were, even the coats of the ey^, which had hot \^hoIly loR 
their glifteniiig^ appeai-ance; It is"^ difficult t6 d*et!ei*riiine how 
far tWc (inguiar prerervalibri o? t^li body fron^ plTtfefa^ibA^ Wai 
owing to ^r^, ojciQ^ the operation of.naturil^ caUfi^.sV 

^ E L.^ c t R i c I T Y inii ytirit^i'. J 
jtn t^e i/tii article an a'cicourtt is' given, drk^n Up fey Mr. 
|tfchl^» oF a ftbrni of lightning vthich ftrutt tlie chapcf, or 
tabernacfle^ in Tottenharti-c6uft-roa'd ; together willl i detiil ot 
its efFeds oh cl^ building, antf oh the perfoA of d mart Wh6 waa 
ftillieJ by it. This relation, as well as thfe mahy others of" the 
fanie kind tna^t tiave been formerly publifhed, fully Evinces tb^ 
utility of metallic condudbrs.— tn the following article fomi 
dbtervatiohs are cbmmunicatecl by THoma^ Ronayhd, Erqj 01^ 
Jimoff>kirical tupricity^ from whTcli it appears that tbc^ir, par- 
ticularly in Ireland, is in the winter feafon almoft conftantl^ 
in a* ftaie of pofiiive electricity, efpccially during froft, and 
when thie weimer is foggy. 

The 



$M PKhfiphkalTranfaaknSyfir thi Yiar 1773.. 

The a6th article contains a defcriptton of an excellent elee« 
trometer, of a very fimple and" eafy conftruftion, invented by 
Mr. Henljr, and ftrongly recommended by Dr. Prieftlcy, in a 
letter addrefled by him to Dr. Franklin^ on account of its fupe« 
tior ufefalnefs and accuracy^ to every other infirument of thb 
kind yet propofed* A Sender rod, or index^ made of box* 
wood, with & cork ball at its extremity, turns on the center of 
a vertical graduated femitirtle, fixed to an upright ftem of 
box» placed on the prime bondudor; and by the angle which 
it makes with the faid ftem, oii being repelled from it bv the 
eledriclty of a jar or battery, it indicates with the greatcn ex- 
adnefs the progrefs and height of any charge. 

To this defcription, which is accompanied ^Ith 3t plate, 
fome curious experiments are added, communicated by Mr. 
Henly, who has ^produced fonic of the great eflfefts <rf Dr. 
Prie(Uey*s batteries, by means only of a &gle jar, merdy by 
laying great weights on the bodies under which the explofion is 
made to pais. By this expedient he has frequently, with tbis 
moderate charge, raifed a weight of iix pounds Troy, and has 
Ihattered ftrong pieces of plate-glafs Into thoufands of the 
fmalleft fragments, arid fometinies to an impalpable powder. 
When the dafs has been ftrong enough to refift in fome mea* 
fure the vioknce of the (hock, it has been marked by the ex* 
plolion with the moft lively and beautiful colours, which are 
fometimes difpoTcd in prifmatic order* In fome fpecimens three 
or fourdiftind returns of the (ame colour ntay be obfenred. 
On examining the gla(s, the colours are plainly feen to have 
been produced by its furface being {Mattered into thin lamglUf 
vsLvpng regularly in thicknefs^ in proportion to their difiance 
from the path of the explofion. 

The 5th and 27th articles contain only meteorological obfer- 
vattons made at JLyndon and Ludgvan, by Mr. Thomas BarkcTi 
and the late Dr. Borlafe. 

Miscellaneous A&Tfctfis, 

In article 7, Mr. J. R. Forfter gives an account c^ the POoCs 
with which the Indians in the neighbourhood of Modfon's Biy 
dye porcupine quills of a bright and durable red and /ellow co- 
lour; and of his attempts to employ fome of thele roots, dut 
have lately been fent over hither, in the dying of woollen ftufis, 
in which he has fucceeded fo far as to produce a bririit and 

lading yellow. ^In a fimilar manner the Spaniards at Mexko 

have lately learnt of their Indian neighboMrs'the art of dying 
the deepeft, leaft corrofive, and moft lafting black thM ever «ru 
known, and which they extraft from a plant called CafcakUr. 
The Reader will find a (hort defcription, and a, drawing of die 
fruity of this vegetable, in the late Abb6 Chappe's rcf^^s 



yf^{fifCsBiJlj^$/EfigKbPoitrf. Vol,!, , »g^ 
C»i^»iV,. (page 57) ngticcd ip Jbp ApfwwUx to aux 48th y^p-. 

^ ill, the iitii article Capt. ffevvl^o4 rcl^t;cs.^c ^^5pi;(Jients jl^ 
employed to procure frefi^ i\yatei; ,a!t ie9» .to the ^f^aya t of 8 or 
10 'igallons in 12 hours, with pp otbe^ ajppar^tus tuan an iron- 
pot; an empty ca(k for a refrigeratory ; fome ^eet lead beat 
into a pipc^.fpr a wpro); a fniall jar, for a. rcjceivjcr ; a fevr 
\^^ood idBes. or foap^ and ,billet woocl for t\iti. In the next 
article he atfributes the lun^ioous appei^ance of. the fea-wate^ 
at night to ^riirof iculcs and^e f^wjx of fpialj Aflu 

The ^5th>iid laft article of tW? vplgi^ie conraias the (ictail of 
iome experimenu on two dipping needles,^ made according to 
a plan of the Rev. Mr. Miicb^I, and executed for the Board of 
Longitude by ^r. Naim^. From the nearly uniform refult of 
theCe trials, thefe inftrun^e^^ appear to bfye beei> planned and 
conftrufled yvitfithe.greateftjjpcuracy, and as/reefrom friftioa 
as is poffibic or neceflary. The ocedle fo^r iuftf que is fo ten- 
derly fufpended that, its N. encf being raiied to a horizontal 
EoQcipn, and |hen let go,, it :WQuId vibrate b.etween 8 and 9 
minutes before it fettle^f . W^.fiod the dip 6f ./he npedle to 
have bpen at a medium ^hp^t 7^ degrees and Jtp.of 20. minutes. 
Adrawifig oT.th^ inftrume^t ac^Qmpai;i)es ^his ppi^. 

"I / ;,^ ; ^ ■ .'"^; ' — - % '^> i . V — ' . ■ w ' 'm ■ ' . ' ■■^ ! .' ■ " ' ■ 

AaT. IX^ Tii-HHry 9f£^JtPoitf^ frm tht Cb/e rf tht EU^tuih 
if tjk Cmi^itnufn^ of ih^ figifimtif C§^ufy. TQjwUdi arc pre- 
^xed Two pi^tat^oos : f. Op theOHj^n pi g.oi|oa|itic Fi^a 
10 Europe. II. On the tutrodudion ofXc^riunz into England* 
Volume ehe Firft. By Thomag Warton, B. D. FcUow of Trinity 
College^ Oxford, and of the Society of Antiquaries. 4to. 1 1. 4 s. 
• Boards. Dodfley. 1774. 

OF all (he fpecies of jnte)U<^aIentertatpment, there fe^^i^ 
to be none more epgaging than that which exhibits the 
progrefs pf the arts and fcjeq^cs. To marji; the gradual forma* 
Ui^A.of t^<b tl^ ^y^ ^^ fuocefs&il pirfutt of truths charader, 
aadnatafei so obfence the efforts of the human rnind^ making Its 
way through ages,from tkedepih of Gothic barbarity, till it exults 
ia the full expaniion of claflScal and philofophical fplendour ; — 
Ais is one of the nobleft and mod interefting objc^s of human 
curiofity and inveftigation. In no fphere can thefe refearcbes be 
attended with a higher or more fentimental pleafure than in that 
gf Ei^UOi poetry % in tracinig the l^ory of which we gnci a 
im^ of fcoilbilky alnu>ft bordering on entbu&afm. In what 
|)M8 p)ciU!ipre originates, it may sutf, perhaps, be eafy to de^^ 
fnibe 1 as it is not luiltke .nMmy qf thofe t^indive iinifatioiis» 
whkbi while wS"#fyyy we need ^mrtUy regret our ignorance tyf 
their caufe. We cannot^ however, fall Into our Attihor*s opi- 
. Jl£v« Apr. 1774* U niont 



^ WartonV tti/^ry ofEngUfi PKtry. Vol. L 

itioiit where * he aferibts them to (hat * triumph of rupcrionty 
with which wc look back on .the farage coa4ttioa of dw «i- 
cefiorst' or to * eonfcious prfde^ artfiitg hi a grcart meafure frooa 
a- tacit compariron of the infinite 4i(proporttaa betwecit the 
feeble eSbrts of remote ages, and our prefeat improrcmeots £q 
knowledge/ 

To reft the caufe of our pfeafojre iti thi3, would be to throw a 
needled difcredit on the motives hf which we are a^^uated. 
To 'ah ihgenoous and decerning mind' there will appear little if 
any reafon for the triumph of fup^rioriry. If thofe who now 
excel in the art9 bad brought them from their firft rudtntenta to 
the perfection m which tbey ftand, they would, indeed, hare 
an obviou9 foundation fdr * eonfcious pride ;' hut when tb^ 
cotifider the long and almoft impercepttbte gradatioris by which 
ttsofe arts advanced to their perfeAion^ how liule the laft im« 
prover eatned upon his ppedecelTor, and how little they mar 
' have ad£sd to that perfefi^n rhemfelves> the idea of triumph 
vanilhes immedfat^ly^ 

The pleafure w«r find, thenv in. tracing the infancy of the 
jMTts we love, we may afcribe to fomething that flttQ do more 
honour to our moral nature. We may afcribe ft to thai prin- 
Cf pie of love itfeff. Whoever fett its influence, but found a 
tender intereft th the hiftory of fts objeA 7 Who, but fbinMf 
even the (ports of infsmor, and the minuted anecdotes of thae 
obje£k important I Thoie who have been no ftrangers to die 
. tender paffion will' fubfcribe to the truth of this obfervation; 
and we welF know that the moral and intelledual are perfisdiy 
analogous to the naturaf aflfe^ions^ 

Leaving thie matter under this by no means refined of hs^ 
fetched idea, we will, in the firft place, recommend ta our 
Reatlers the Author's account of his very agreeable undlntaktn^» 

* I have chofe to exhibit the hiftory of our poetry in a chrotiologi*> 
eai feries : not d^lribotiog my matter into detuclied articles, of pe« 
nodical divifioas, or of general head* * Yet I have not always ad« 
kered fo fcrapulcndy to the regularity of aonah, bat that I hanre of> 
Wi deviated into incidental digreffions { and have (bmetiaies At^ppei 
fn the courfe of my career, for' the fake of npcapitnlationy. fbtr the 
parpofe of colle^ng fcattered notices into a (ingle and uniform poiat 
of view, for the more exaft infpe^ion of a topic which reqoutd a 
feparate confideradon, or for a comparative furvey of the poetry of 
oditr nations. 

* A few years ago, Mr. Mason, with that liberality which ever 
accompanies tme genios, gave-rae an attthentic copy of Mr. Pofi'i 
fcheme of a Hilary of Enalifli Poetry, in which oor poets weit 
dafled under their fuppofea refpedive (chools* ' The late hmeaisd 

• la his Preface. 



y^tttoh's Btftity \fRngUJb Pcitry. ' Vbi; t tt)f 

i«h OieiiiY \M m pt^jtatd a woft oftKiTdnd, and ^rttnflatad 
iboK Uttfiie odes fear ict'iHaftntion, now publiAed ; bti^ ftoii 'felrd« 
^ihlng d»e prdecutiQii of a de%n, wbk^ would have decairied iiftn 
£6filiUiow& liable invfentions. He- moll obliringl)^ eeodefbended t^ 
favoar me With the fabftatice of his plain which i f^and t« be that* 




lui^ ttje^ed thfc idea9 of men who art Its moft difttngoliQied oma- 
Jteiits; 'To obdfefl thd r^al truth, upbit examination and expertinent, 
I-feon ^AkovcM their riiode bf treating my fubjeft, plauftble as it is, 
aii4 briUiatittd theory^ to be attended with difficuhiet atld'hiconve. 
nieoces^ aqd pi:oda^ye of embarraflment both to the reader and the 
writer. liike other ingenious fyftems, tc facrificed rattth uieAil in- 
telligence to the obfervance of arrangement ; aAd in the plact of thai- 
fatisfhfUon which refults from a deamefs and a fulnefs of infbrma- 
t!6h, itemed only to fubllitnte the merit of difpontion, and the pratfe 
of eontHvance; The conltraint impofcd by a mechanical attention' 
tt> this diibibution, appeared to me to deliroy that free exertion of 
reiearch with whieh fuch a hiftory ooght to be eieecutedi arid not 
eSafily reconcilable with that complicatiolli vnrietyy aad extent of 
jfttteHals, which it ought to comfn'ehend. 

' ' The method I have purfued, on one account at leaft^sfeems Dre* 
ferable to all others. My performance, in its pretent form, exhmtf 
Without tranfpofiuon the gradual improvements of our poetry, at the 
ihme time that it uniformly reprefents the progreflion of our language* 

'* Some perhaps will be of opinion, that thefe annals ought to 
have commenced witlr a v^ew of the Saxon poetry. But befides that 
a fegttimate illuftration of that jejune and intricate fubjeft would 
have almoft doubled my labour, that the Saxon language is familiar 
only to a lew leiUned antiauaries^ that our Saxon poems are for the 
moik purtUttie more tl^an Jtligioes rhapfodies, and that fcarce any 
cdmpdfitions remain marked with the native images of that people 
in their Pagan ftate, every reader that fefl#As but for a moment on 
cut political efiabliihment muft perceive, that the Saxon poetry hat 
BpjaonnoflUQn with the nature ai|d pni^iofe of my prefent under* 
talvinn^ Before the Norinan acceCioa,. which focceeded to the Saxon 
ggvenjimqiU,, we wer^ .an unformed and an unfetUeii race. That Mighty 
r^pIiUion obliterated aimoll all relation to the former inhabiuncs of 
this ifl4nd ; and prpduced that fignal change in oUr policy, confti* 
tdtibi^, imd public manners, the effe^s of which have reached mo- 
dern times. The beginning of thefe annals feems therefore to b« 
xdoft px^operly dated from that era, When our national chara£ler be* 
gan-tb daWn. • 

< f .It^as lecnmmended to me, by a pcrlon eminent in the republic 
oClfl^tfrs*. totally to exclude from ihcfft.voWitM* any. mention of the 
&Ug|i(b dnHna«, t am ^cry fenfiUe that f |uft hiAory of our itage is 
aloQe fufficient to form an entile and extenuve work ; and this argu*- 
ment, which is by no means precluded by the atteo^pt here ofi^red' 
to tiie Public, fiiU lemains feparately to be dlfcufled, at largd, and 
in.Yorm* Bat as It was pr6feife<ny m^ intention to' comprile^Very - 

y a fpedea 



i^ WartiMiV Hi/tfity i/EoilifiPoaij. VoL L 

fpeciips orEAgUih poetrjr^ cUsf amohg tht fed^ of coorie daiotedt 
place i£ theTe a^iuU, and neceflariix ndl ioto ^f g^eral defigfk Ac 
t^ iame ttsi^, at in thi> fitnation it coold <mly Mediae « (abordiBaie. 
o)]J€&f h WMi impoBMc I (houid examine it with that critical pred> 
fipfi aadpinrttciiiaricy, which. fo.larae, iocoriooa^ $mdh xraponait 
$M artiebflf xMur poetical liteiaturc demandi a^d deierves. . w Jun. 
confidered it i^ itt fuU .i^nt, would have, ppojiiccd tlie VAfiri^^f 
efcref^q^cpof a dirpnpppr^pnate ejttlbde; not fp have €m4idm4it 
at ;^11, . Im^ ,beea an oiiuflioD«>^hidi «u^ sUtr^a from the inte^ri^of 
my iotcuM pliM^ < ^^Uft mylcK Mw^v^, ^^ fn^ mde^ 
hjthena aae^cplored. I hav^.i'^cov^red bifUt which «ia^ frctlya^ tj^^ 
l^tioii^f f>f tbofe, whoihad hereafter he IncUpecl tp. lav^^i^ate the 
aocieatiUte of dramatic exhibittoivia.thif couiitry, v^ith dpfs cpm* 
prehenfio».40d accon^, r ^ . 

*. It wiU probably be fcnarked^ jriiat the ctt|ij(iaiis ia.the fir£L n^ 
lame Art muneinooay and j(bmetimes wry prolix. ?at jt Aould be 
Moeaaberedy that.mo^ of theie are extra£led from ancient maaaicc^ 
poeair nicyer before printed, and hitherto jbut little knowo. Nor was 
It eafy to iOuftra^ethe darker and more diftant periods of our noe^y, 
wubont producing a^nple fpccimens* In the mean time, I hfweto 
neric the thanks pf the ^auquariaii, fyr enriching the fiocl^ of oar 
qirlv. JUteratqiip b^ thefe new accefiiona : and I trull I iihall gratify ih^ 
■reader of ufte, in having fo frequently refcaed fiom oblivaaa ^ 
jmde.invtentiont and irxv^olar beatittet of the heroic tale* or the xo- 
wtR^^gend. . 

^Theoie^npf the Du&EaXATiONtutP. prepare die reado*. by 
confideiiug «part^ iu a coqne£led and compreh^nfive detail, fiu^ 
materialppi^u of a general and preliminary nature, anii which cAold 
not. cither with equal propriety or convenience he intioduce4«.at 
Uk& iK)t fo fpijnally difcufTeid, iji.the body of the book ; to eftabliih 
certain &n(i«menul principles to which fieauent appeals might oc- 
cafionaUy be^ niade, and to .dear the way mr various obfervatioiia 
arifing in the.ceor(e pf mj future enquiries.* 

Tte ficft diflertatioiv on the origity oF fiLoaiantic Fii^ioo ia 
Europe, contains abundance of antique learning and ingeoiom 
conje^ure. It baa b«ea a received opinion,, that thb kind of 
Arabian fabling was intfodueed inta the Wt&bf meuiajof ^tm 
Criifades ; but it is Mr. Warton*s objedl to IhtW tbtt tls^fe* 
ceplion in Europe runs higher than the era of the Crufades^ and 
he foppofes that it was' introduced into Spain by the AratM, or 
Sdracens, who came thither from the northern coaft of Africa 
about the begM^ning of the eighth century. N0W9 there is, we 
apfprdiend, no doubt but thefe Saracena would bring with^ dMa 
their peculiar fiables, and that by their long authority and i^« 
dence m Spaiii, tbofe faklea woutd tmavoidably be onnmani* 
cated and diflemtnated through Eurbpe. But, ceitulyy die 
iiitrdduiSldn of romantic fiAioninto this quarter of tile wdcU 
does. not originate with them. The innumerable bards that 
migrated from tbe Nonh<rcdl, and overflowed th^ Weft, were 
iip(^. without their romantic fiflioos^ of a different Qiecies^'ia- 

, ». ■ deed. 



^edl^ fit>iii the Ara(bAC f^lin|;, b^t the l^jtter c^pne qi^ickly jo 
' lAcorporace with tji^em y and the romance ^ ^tie A/^b (ervod 
, onlv as a fplcadid^caparifon to the chivalry, of t^ Godu 

, - piKj^arned A^fbor )ias favQwiM:^iit in i^isicli&rtatioii with 

jed which has lately, ib much attraded the attention tft tfaofe 
•adioii eA<)ttirln fam led tottaeartt^'kn^^ 
' ^^ AoMft^ «4ier ixH which 0««'i iOMb fJlknted in ScairdioavU, 
^dMir ioU Mr poctty, ' te which they wer^ ad<Hded in a peculiar man. 
tUbr;^H (Rrhidi they Coleivated with a wonderfal enthafiaihi. feenis 
-^ br weft Wonhy olir regard, and tfp^lkily in our preftnt inqufry: 
* v' 'Afvthe pnn^pal heroes of their C34>editibo into the north wej^ 
JioitoonkbhrdiftkigalAied from th^ Etrropeam/ or original Scan<Ji9a* 
TiJteit, mider the name of Abm^ or Afiatics, fethe v^rfes, orId[» 
'«oagCf of this pe6)>Ie, were denominated* A sXm a l, or Asiatic 
ipeik^ Their fotpy contained not only the pratflft of their hf • 
Ibes, bet their popakr traditions and tbeir religious Htes ; and WM 
'^Hed With diofe iiMons which the mod b:aggerated Pagan fimi^ 
*wm wotfd aatuYily implant in the wih! imaginations <5f an Afiatlc. 
people. And ffoin this principle abne, I mean of their Afiatic on* 
gin, ibme critks Svoaht at once account for a cerutn capricious fpirxt 
'of txtfavaggance, and thofe bold eccentric conceptions.^ which fi» 
4ronglydiliiigiiifll' the old northern, poetry f. Nor is thill fantailic 
iinagery, the o»ly mslirk of Afhrticif^ir wKch appears in the Runic 
t^dm. They have a certain inblinke and figurative caff^ fit diQfonp 
H9hkhk Indeed one of their predombant Cfaarafiertlltcs J. I am 
irery fenfible that all mde nations are naturally apt to jdoad^ 4hetr 
lentiments in this fijrle. A propenfity to this mode of eS^pf«ffion is 
^oecef&rily occafioo^d hy the poverty of theii- Jangoagc» which ohiigtt 
tlifm frequently tO iubftitate fimilitMdes and circ— locatie^s : k 
anies in great meafore irom feelings imdiigoiled and imfearained hf 
<ttfiota dr art, and fipom the gemiiae 'eSbfte of nature working more 
at large in uncultivated minds, in the iafkncy of ibciety, the pztr 
fioxfs and die fmagination are alikb nncontronled. But another oaoie 

^* I* Mduf/Martltftf Or; Ptrcy, Bxk 

' <« v^ tjogbisi DmIohm anti^uimy ci^ In rytftibtf vfat ttnt, Te:eres appeUartti^ 
^»AiiALy jde^Afnttcam, ^ Asamv^ S««M0Niiik j quod euoi ex A^a Odtaap 
Jbcoin in Daoiam, Norw^m, Soecfaniy alitf^oc ttjpoou lejMeomoiMlei» iavcscrit.? 
Steph; Stephao Pr«fat. ad SazoQ. Grammat. Hil$»* 

' * « y A aoft })ig«Bidu« critic 'ofelerveSy that <* >irbat mt bf tc been 4ms aoeoeaaMV 
Secaittba oaiSNTAt ▼aiNof poetrjr, brcaofe fome of the fAaiiasr poetical ^9» 
^odioot have cone to at from the caft, it protiibly no more okibi«t al than o^r 
'«ciDtKTAL.** Alab*i Crit. DHT, on Offian. toI, H, p. 317. But all the latsr , 
•lirieatal wrtten throogb aK ases have, been particnlarfjr diftiiipii(^d fur tbit v«>tj«» 
ffence itia (lete chafofleriftical of a coontrj not of an age. 1 wiil allow, on this 
writer*! very Juft and penetrating prinaples. that an early northern ode ftali be as • 
MMf^t il an erilerA one. Yet the fublimity of the lauei Hull have a diSenrent ch»« 
t^atct } it will be ftKfft iafHted and gigantic.* 

^ * %- Thua, « Rainbow ii cilied, t^ bridgt ^ the ndk, Poetij, tb*. motd if OSm^ 
.-The ear^, the ^/^ that fioau en aga, A fbip, tbtDkrfi oftbt wave:, ice. tht v^ 
-Mtge, Heibs, the fimt ^ tbg wtb, A B^tle, a Utb «/ hi$od^ ib* bail i/ Odn^ 
'Atjbock rfhiukkru A Tongoe, tbt fm$rd tf nmrdi. Night, tb* %ml •f i^M$^ • 
lUe^ ibt^ bom ofibc mrtb. Arrowy tbt bmtJtMH 0/btkutt, &t. 9^,* 

U 3 Aems 



fcdms to htye concuired in ^pFoiminf the cfaftbere a wntio a fl }, 
Wl^a obyioiis ' tffnm and phraib evidently occDirecU the Ronii; 
]>9ets jtre ibnd 6f dtpirting from the common and eflabliflied dip* 
^on. TkBf appear to nfe drcmnloeatio^ an4 com|>arifo&s not as a 
natter of nccefinr, bot of choiae and iaW y tror are tbef^ nieuph»» 
rical.cpkMifiafs io mckcbe j^Tolt of want oi w^tdM, as of mmtmA 
of . fancy *■• 

* Their warmth 9f #iacy» hopr^ver, if fiif^sofed to- hmm fA- 
ceeded from the prinsiplet above foggefted, in a fey ge n e w ti efta a ft er 
this migudgn into $candin§via« mnS have loH.madi of its n^tawil 
neat and gendinp force. Y^t ideas and fentemeots* efpaciaHf of dos 
jibrty once imbibed, are lofig stmembcred ^d reouoed* in iat^Wfe 
life. Their religion, among other caufes, might have conmboied 
to keep thi« (pirit alive; and to pre(efve.th(:ir lOii^aal Aock :of 
^mages» and native modfc qf expreffion, oochaaged jand noabated hf 
climate or country. In the mean time we m^y ftippoiie, that th^neir 
Wation of t.Hefe peopJeinrScandinavia, miji^t have added adaricor 
(hade and a more favage o^plexion to. their /Iqirmer £6|so»s and lb* 
perftitions ; and that theicwiidabic obje^ of aaitnre to iPbich clief 
|[>etame familiarifed in >(Qofe northern folithdes, icbe piny, precspkea, 
the frozen mountains, And the gloomy foreft^t ji(M* oa their uMg^ 
nations, and gave a tinjfl^re c^.horror to their imagery. 

* A ^ill in poetry feems in ibqae meafhre ^.h^ve^een a n«do9al 
Science among the Scandinavians^ ^'tnd to have;bf;«n familiar to.al- 
moH every order and degree.^ Jhcix kbg^ ' ai^d warriors panook of 
this epidemic enthufiarmt and on. frequent c^^^ons are .reprefoaiod 
*as breaking forth into fpp^f^neons foi^s and veriest • But. the ex- 

< * In a tit\A geographical kntt^- th^ origuial cmmtfT-of.lJU^rtj.M^ticCoHii nigllt 
'not be fo lUuMed ai ph^fically to Kave produced ibefe ctt«£)t, Vtrt jt u to be4>bier^4» 
>Im« m»ttmaikjUH vUtnity ere m tfair cafb fometim^'r^utvakf nt to clhmftte* Tii^ 
Peril VI tra4ittoAf-and fyptmtd^tkfwett oinenc evin IntHt nortlierfi parti of TarUvy, 
Georgia, U9Vfttsr, may be f;.irlyv<Q^erccl as a frirt of .i'«f;Aa»...it i^t^al tnfritiiiqr 
fo any of the eaftera Turki/b« progriAcet in AAip U >a^rd«<tj|«4icnc<| mum^ aajl 
other Itncaries of life, in the ^reaieft abun^UKe. The mo(^ beautiful vifftas fot tk^ 
§BtM$\io$n fietrfied from-thit provhice. In the mean time, thtii'inodi at leaft may 
be laid of a waria climate^ csclDive of ttt fnppoied immediate pfa3r(tcal iaflaCBceoo 
the human mind and temperament. It exhibiu ^Uthe ptaodu^ioaa.af oatofo is tkek 
hi^hrft perfe^iojy and fceauty ; wbiU the cxcaffiveJieat'Of th«^f»»«a«d the kmtt m* 
citemenrs to labour and induftry, difpofe the iohabttaou tp .vadolence, and to U«isi( 
inucb abroad in fi.enes of nature. Thcfe circoroAaocea. are Jffyounible to the opera- 
tionf of- fancy/ - 

.^ f f Harold Hardraadr. kipg of Norway compofed ^ceikia^st.of h» Cfpediwi 
into Africa. Albiorn Krud«, a Pankh champion, delicriiied hia -paft life m star 
ftropbesy while hie enismy Bruce, a giant, was tearing out^is towel^ ** u T*ilmf 
wtber Suanb'ita in Denmark, that Jbf ^iU mt this Jafrntr pftmk't^ 4ttir f/" btr fkm* 1 
hadprom$fed her to rtfum, hut mtit jf^y/Ji /tail ful tbt tdg^ tf lb* jmmd^ \k It «■• 
far otnrTW.fe. nvhtn we fat at horn* tn mirth, eUaring ei/rjtha m»*h the Jrink 9f ^i 
and coming fram ffordeUnd f^4 fhegm/^ in Mr fiiu j wicfipe f^tjftd mmd^ m$ 
tftrn^rfid 'if Rhfrty, JVow I atom am JaUpi into tit matnmf frytu of the giamsk 
in. It was far btherwifc, Sre.** Every ftansa it introduced with the. (aaibclMrXi bas^ 
den. Bartholin. Antiquit. D^nic. ^,.L cap fo. p^ 158. edit liS^. The adble 
cpiccdium of Eegoer Lodbrcg it more commonly known. Tbe champ'oa Onriifd^ 
nccr his expeditions into various eountmsj tungi on- hn dea|b-bc^ tbe aoft aM> 
inorabte eventa of his life in metre* HaUmund» being morraily wounded, comnotadfiA 
^!? diughtef to liften to a poem vwhlch he, was at)uuc to deliver, containing hif^^iiet cf 



ejncil#ofdi^|ioedcai talent watjpiipipcrl)rxoAfi0«d to a ftatod proiv^ 
isaa^ and w^b thieir |>oct]t the Gotfat imponed into £iim^* Jepfpme* 
o£ poeca or fin^rsy wbom diey called ScAtos arPbLisHBAi «f^i»* 
ciJAGB. Thuonkr of mea# as we fiiail fee raore diftiii|ftlvlbelo«^ 
waa JkM in the highefl hoooar and veneraiioa : tbejiateWti th«' 
moft* liberal rewards for ^ their veries, fended the feUipls^ benik. 
chiefs, accompanied them io battle* and celebrated their viAones^ 

^ Tbefei Scandinaiqaa bards appear to have been etemednAd en« 
tertai^ied. in other countries ^tkixt their oaas» and hy thattmeans t9 
luurcMobably communicated their idiions to various paixs of Ikocopek 
I milFgive my reafons for this fuppofition. t .:^ - i ' / 

; ^ la the early 9^% of Europe, oefore many regular govemmenit! 
took ;placey rerolucions, cmigratu)n8, and invafionv w^ frequent' 
^i^ a|inoit univerfaL Nations were alternately defiroyed or fornied )* 
Md to^wi^tof political fecurity expo^Kl the snhatacanu of eferjr? 
country; to a f^ate of ecenial flu^uatioq^ That Britain^ was originally 
PfBopled frp^ OauU a nation of theiC^ts, is ailojwed ; ,Ihu thatmanM 
colonies from the nonhero parts of Europe were afcervards (ntastf 
$yely planted in Britain and the neighbcuring iftands, is an hypo-' 
tjietis equally raxional, and not altogether defticute of hiftofical evi-J 
Jlence. Nor was any nation more liltely than the ^fcandiuayian Gbths^ 
I mean in their early periods, to maktf defcents on ^riuin^ They- 
poflfeflM the fpirit of adventure in an eminent degreed Thcywere 
nabitaated to dangerous entcrpfizes. They were acquainted withi 
diltant coaSsy ejtercifed in navigation, and fbnd of loaJtinjg expedi« 
tloas, in hopes of conquetl, and in iearch of new ac^ifitions. As 
to Scotland and Ireland, there ir the iligheil probability, that the 

hit vi£l6riet, and to engrave It on tabUta of wo6<l. Barthdio. ibtd."^. 'f6^. ' Sixd 
Ontnmflticos ai*et ui •;reta)ar odt, uttered by tbe ion uf a ^OBg of Norway/ who 
U •ttakc bad been barifd alhrt, and waa dK^6t«ttd and awakened by • paltj^olibU 
dtendigfiBg for trea(iifff« Sax. Otaomat. lU 5* p 50. Tbera ai«inAaaisaia«ttdc4 
of |beir flaking in flietve 300 th# Bwft cooraioft occurtencca.*. 

; * % The Siigdians were a people who lived eaftwaid of the Cafpian Sea» not far 
ftfOA the country i>yOdin*< Goths. Qutntua Curtida relates, that vlh^n Ibine of that 
pMple were eondemi^ to dntb by Ari^tander on account of a rviok) ibey rejoiced 
frtKly, and teftifiad tbair j«y by tiNCtitii Tuiixt aod^aBCuig. .Wlmuhe bioi 
aa ^nir ed-tbt laaiba of ibeb jiw, thcyanfwerrd, '* thai baiog ibon tnJie asixosEji 
TO Till I a AjNC^raaa by io graat a conqueror, they ^ould not belf celebrating fo 
hoooiirab!e a dc*di> which was the wxan of all brave mtn^ in their own accus<« 
TOMiD ioN€t.** lib. vti.< c S. J atn obliged to DoAor Percy for pointing ourthta 
paAage. FroiD tbe cotiefpondiica of manners and priof iples ic holds forth between 
the Scandinavians and the Sogdians, it cinrains a ftriking proof of Odfn*8 fnlgrattoh 
fapva tbe^A to the siocth t M, in the fpootaoeout exerctfe of t^e poetical talent \ 
and kmoAXjf io the opinion, that a gloriaas ot warlike death, which admitted them 
to tbe company of tbdr friends and parents in aootber world, waa to be embraced 
with tbe moft eagtr alacrity, and the bigbeft ieo£itioos of ^kafure- Thia la the doc; 
uiaeof the Edda. In i^fitOM fpscst, R;pejis asoaxAa is the triomphant eloAs of 
Rcgocr Lodbrof*s dying ode. (Sipe Ki^fler, ubi jnfr. p. xsy.] 1 cann^ help adding 
5cit toother ftrokc froo thia ode^ which feenaa alfo to be foondei ' on cafter» man* 
acta. He fpcaks with great lapcisrc of dicing, <* et concavia cratisribm crantorum/* 
7he sobabitsaca of tbe iflaod of Ceylon to this day earoufe at thrir feafls, from cups 
or bowk made of *tbe fcvUa of tbetr deceaiiDd aoceftors. Ivca*aVoTA«B folMDiA, 
«hi.9.^k (a. Load. lyyj. ato* Thb prafiice theft iflanders an4oobtedly received 
hm the. oeSf^botirina toatiacntt Compare ICeyfler^ Anti^tai. SehScpteoifioflaU 



Scutes, who c6nqu€ied bocH.^oA cotiiitries» \xA pA&flM didH «P 
<kr the names of Albin Scutes tnd Mn Scoter wcrt a^p^te of Nbr^ 
^ay. The Caledonians are cxptefety called Jby ihany jtlididotis aafi* 
paries a^kbdin^lvian colony: Th<^ aim^s of plat^ alid pieribiis, 
over all thllt part 6f Scotland which rftc Pi£b inhabited, aire cif 6<^ari^ 
<Nn«natre:i^tra^lon. A fimpTc catalogae of them .60^* twold iah- 
medfeicly^onrit^cd tis, Aai they art ttot of Ccftic/bi- Bfitfih, ori|?*i 
Haherty reports k as i rec6¥«rJd" cfpinton, aad a jcneral dmribe. 
tilat^e Pias ionigrated into B^iaSti and Ireland fr^ Scit>ditiivut|l 
f forbear id lecnmolate, a ped^ntii^ parade of adthoriiieff on tfi^wi 
cafion: nor can it be expe6led that 1 fliooU enter in a- fbroial flbd 
cxaA exafnfiiaHon of this obf^nre aad eomoKcated-fob;^ hi its itill 
extent, which ia here only introduced incidentaily. \ wifl onl^ ^£ 
that ScotHhnd and Ireland, ;i5 beii^g ftcnated more to the liortlK in 
probably Deft difficult of a9ccfs Bian Britain, might ^ave been btjtftt 
on Which onr northern adventurers were invited to try JTdmc of thtif 
eaHleft exctfrfions : and that the Orkri^-iflands remained long ii*d# 
die jnriiHidicm of the Norwegkn potentates* 

Wc fliali here beg leave to ftcp back a moment to int^acc 
a (bort digrefl|on cotlcernrng the ancient connedioa betwcea 
Waks and Cornwall, &c^ , , , 

'/And here I digrefsa moment to remark, that In the ^ircnmAMCC 
joft mentioned about Wales, of iu connexion with Arraorica* we 
perceive die" (olmian of a difficulty v^ch at £rft jlighc appears ex- 
tremely problematical: Lxnean, not only that Wales Ihould have 
be^n io codfijantly made the theatre of the old BritiK^ chivalry, bat 
that fo many of the favburue fiAibns whicli ocqiirjiD the early French 
romances, (bould alfo be literally found in the tales and chronicles of 
the elder "Welih bards ^. It wa^ owing to the. perpetual coramonica* 
tion kept up between theWelih, and the people of Armoiica who 
abobfidod in ^fatfo €a!ionf, and 11A0 saterally took occafion to inter- 
weave them into the hiftory of their friends and allies. Nor are we 
now at a lofs to give the reaibh why Cornwall, in the fiime Fren!^ 
romances, Js made the fcene. and the fol^}^ of fo many romani^ 
adventoresf. In the meantime we ou^.oblerve,! what indeed hm 
II ' I ■ ■ 1' ' 1 

< I It IS conjeduret! by Wormlus, that Irdani ii derif o<l /Vom di« Roi& Yr^ a 
how, foftheufe of which the Info were once famoai. Lit. Ratt, b. z?i). p. tor. 
The AfiaticB near the lake Maeoris, /rom which Odin led hfs colony id Europe, was 
celebrated arcKc<<* Hence Herculei in Theocritus, Idyll, xiii. ^, 

— M««i1*fft XoSfc^ luJuiirMi* Tff«, 
Comptre SaloMf. deKcllen. p. 369. And Flahtrr. Ogyg. Pari iff. cap. ztHi. p. xtt* 
edit, 1685. Stillingfleet'a Orig. Brit, Praef. p. xix^fii.' 

* • Thef^oryof x.« couar \fANT£L, tt the Boy Knii rat Mahti.e, tM 
by an old.Frcnch iroubadoor dted by M . de Sainte Palaye, is recorded 4n maftiy aa- 
oufcript Wellh dironicleti as f learn fVptn original letters of Lhdyd \t the Aftmoleaa 
Mufeum. Sec Mem. Anc. Chev. i. up. And Obf. Spenfer, i. € U. p. 54, 55, 
And from the ftme authority I am Tnftirmed,^ that the AAion of the eiafit*i coat cflB- 
pofed of the beards of the kings whom Ke had copquertd, if relatfed In the kf^it 
of the bardit of both cooatrica. See Obf.Speor. at fdpr. p. z\. fet|. Itat islMcei 
are ijuiomerable. 

* f Hence in the Armorican tales Joft <|uoted, nentlonlf made Af 'H^tads iM 
Bxe^r, anciently included in Cbrdwiiff. Ib Chinctr^i koKcAVNT oV Tnt Jtotx 
we ba^ ^< Hordpipia of Comewaile,** among a great variety of muikal iaftoiiebM) 
t. 4.150, This it Utexally from the Fitnlh original^ v. 599 1. / 

beea 



been nitttfdy i^ied, di^ a KH9 ^otercottrfe was upheld jbetweeti 
QonhhM a^'Wilei. TfhxAx hdfguftgi^s, caftooWi and tlKtAe^, a* 
I hive hinted, were the ianie; and they were feparatad^bttty^ fl 
MituriMmiUdrrfUe bre^dtkw' X^ortwatl U Mqoafiit^ iUkd W^- 
Wdts by t^fimifh writers. At tbe. uiviifioti 9f\U\k $ilzoti9,;tei)| 

ton% W^ fiad the Welih and^rniik^ as oae p0opiB»,i^^q *MVfMI8 
theajelvrs as in a national caufe again^ the Saxona« TLcy wm 
^qaeaciy fabje^t to the fame prince t^ wtio fometimes reftded m 
Walesy and lonicuin^s In CdfhWall; and the kings or dul&es of 
Coffiwall'wttt Tferp^tuarty ftng by tbeWtlfff b^rds. Lltgard Gw; 
tfWeHh bkrd, in his fabfiitte iwd fpl^ed ode ti» Ll^c^yn, fim of 
GroBflMd, tfiel^ |)riiib« ^ Waldi of tkt Bntifli lin^htti H'wilhi 
^ m%y the pHtttr^the'hoofii of m^ princess ftead be ftt*M W at 
(2oiivwAitt |. Trodkiou aboat InUg Althtir^ to dOAdtioQ norat^ 
indailcet, aye as popular, in Co/tf^all as in ;WaIe$ 9 ^aiid moft qf (ho 
EOttfantl^ i}aIUe«f ro9lu, riverf^.j^ cives^ of bqth i^fttions, aie alikf 
at this day ,4iiHneui(hed by fooie nobfe atcl^vem^t, .^ lead V tb^ 
1UTO9 of.that celebrate^chainplbn;^ ' ' 

Of this capital work', fo replete with ^dteftai^nfd|it and erti-^ 
ditioh) We mail continue to prefent ou^ Rcl^ders with, further 
ac€Quat5. -, ,,'.'.. 'I ' ,' 

aKM«»iiiK:A. r3ariV«^,tthiriipr« ».4fi^ SwiiM* 0,375, .3^7, jgj, AndCaoiU. 
Spelaan* tonibi. 9. lU. edit* 103^* tol. Stulingfieet** Orig, Bnc. ch« 5- P. 34^ 
feq. ^dh'. i6S9. for. ^rom ^Kit*uwAttiA^ ofed by the Ltiitt'iitoakiA hffldfia^ 
nMitlhbptfctetattBcCofmMll. floriiin iboib p. 315.' 
« I Xva««» F. 43«'r : , 1 

F ' t I ■ ' ■ . ' ' I i l i.i I ■ I I ^ iiy 

Alt t. X. Ohflrtmui^m' §a tht tHJctmrfax idi'vtrU m fh^. M^ ,iftirt»iy» 
Mddi!iffidt9ibiPr^det., 410. tSr AlHiaa.- 1774. 

rTpHtS Writer, after fbme attempt* tt fidttute, W #Hidi H* 
^ fiiews bimielf altogether un^uaf^ (briouiif diarges the 
[eamed'PrelideAt with be»6wlng ati unreafon^bK applafirfe bb 
the cbiaro ofiuro^ or, ii hi daTk it, the twiUght maitner of th^ 
Bofognilc fchool, ultiroatdy td ItconHnehd hi* o#ri. Yhis, 
be fays^ onift be to the preiudiee'bf the liiMirfte art ; and {f Mi 
romplaint bejuftly foiindiedlt dcfei'Tts attertiion; but ft vMM 
bt remerfibered that codtroveMes bf this kihd, like brber pdlei^ 
mica! enga^einents, ha\re been dirried on by the fbRa^ers of 
rival fchooTs with t degree of acrimony that geAerally loft fistht 
of thith. Thi Authbr of this pamphlet (ceiil* to be as Warm 
an advocate for the Venetian, as the Pfefident ctotiM p^fliUy 6b 
'or the fiolQgnefe mafters. We ttiuft, however/ do him tM 
uftice to acknowledge thutin the following tiVEttSt there ire 
bme Joft, and fome very (bpportable obferv ati6ni .. ' 

* TTse Roman, Bblctgneie, and Venetian Ibhools, havfe ea<9l 
lad their feparate purfuits, Sind each may^ 6id to have eic^ 
relied ib them; and as I am confident riiattht VtinetfMft 

would 



wouU have inwn beuer, Jiad tbqr to^i j^le* fo am J duld» 
Boaaftsapd Bolognde ^ would ^h^Mc ed(oiireiL better, from ^ 

> JUphirl, Miobael Angek, TifiUn^ afid tbe^CmswCMi ifce 
heads' of the ficNur ^gmt^chools^ o£ painting, hsnre ao^oped .ibeir 
reptttatioa^^ each b^ cheir refpedive excellencies, aU of tlwn 
dtficfent.fjroni<ea^b otf»er. Let' nt' examine into the faeriCi tt 
thefi great mafters, and we dull fmd they have n^e of fcbem 
jtrrived at the fummit. of perfection, which tho' imeed tmas* 
tamahle, fet in laudable to aitempt,^ we (ball then fee that each 
io hit feparate walk has contributed greatly towards it^. aftd 
tbo' 4in(iiecefsfal, tbey have, 'UkePhMOD, greatlyr fatten.. » 

. * I aa iiot ideot enough to believe, that paiiHHig derinavwe 
liiftre 'Or advantage from the^ moft' tonfamnlate hsraiocqf at 
cdoucsy or that it is incompatibk witth the ^^eat^end of the 
art; and I think that Titian, when he' was rep)rovcd hy 'Mi- 
chad Angclo,' ' far not defigning^ better, might ha^ retorte d 
ufon.diis great -man,, fornot coldtuiug better $ he oitght mea 
have gcHie further, and adviTed Kim |o have intiodoced genttimtH 
irUo ht$ piSltires^ inftead oV porting The ideas of Michael An- 
geloy were of the AibUmeft kind, and he has fomettmes exprefled 
them iwdl; but Affcljr that maA tsivpreheniibierwhegives^a 
Htrtkks^ when ^e fiiould have ^ Apolh. 1 am- ^t iuieofible 
to the meri(s of this great mafter, 'i allow 1tt\tli all ; I bave 
iftiidied with care and-actendioa Me>oioft.>capitai work, (aad in^ 
deed the only one by which we ean judge of htm as a painter) I 
mean Un Captlta Siflina^ in the V^tkan^ and cu i ifii lci it at a 
li«ask.aboiMidin|: with mimbesleis excellencies $ but artb« faa^i 
th&e that I admm his conceptions,. J cannot -hdp thinking that 
the.artift was as.defirous of ihewing hb fupertor (ktil inxfae v^f^ 
cbaniiin and contorfionsof thehusi^n body, as Titian and Paul 
VeroA^ have been io ihew^ng, their knowledge in the jUota 
and extfovaganci of their, barnseoious colouring. . 

* Raphael, whofe merits as ^ painter I place above cenfBrr» 
bad jtti^ment and .penetration enough to temper the feveritv 
agd ej^travagance of bis rival, and turn them to the greater 
advantage i but the world has produced few geniufes of this 
caft s it is the bee only that can gather honey from every flower ; 
this great mafier faw the neceffity ,of fine, colourhig; that he 
underftood and pradifed it, we have the evidence of his works ; 
aad whoever wiU examine the trmsfigurativn^ and (on^ other of 
his piAures^ will find proofe of his abiiities in this branch t^" the 
arty that would do honour even ta the pencil of Titian* . 

* The geniua of Michael Angelol confider of fucb ^ kind, 
astobe ftudied with the utmoft care» and that notbisig bi|t Hb^ 
deepeft reflexion can turn him to any advants^e. Sir J — a 
IfOaM ^avc done wirli, I thi^k^^ in recomnaending ^im to the 
1 J . * ypung 



f^M^f^^^A^t. ^ tm«iP^ati»ioiit to Urn io mbfA nMumfr;ir 
^,«i|^^:^i^iedri9r 99 t^ere. i^.n9:^aiV.1vli^(Miciftafid 
.coc^pvof^ ^re,a^re;elevs^u<l aod Oiblime> fothme mitm^mnk 
jmn^ ppPRflf W raire.|kopP.^Ument«, ia.tW ilMif4 pf liMiyoMng 
^iti^ tim kayl to M^ffobl^ft ^da of pMfit^v»t«i>ut%lie.du||.i 
^(Ciricjr as. in propyl/? ^^i^g^iQ^isig; )«l)^ boMitif^nlifi 

TUejrflie CO be chofen with* a par^^7^]ii|^.,o|l|cM^;jepmMi«tf- 

ud-j^pcpretton. ^ • . o - . .-. ,hr. •**.•; ..n^r^ 

have underftood and diired ioto the prbciples of this MfC mMp 
aaoaf beieeft by their workty and- the fm im / i Gtrnt y alo— 
.fiifieaMtIy*&c«lrs what life 'he has made of hiai* *41e hot dwte 
ifaidifld^hiiiH oMrdb^fervilecopyift,^ but like a* great maier^ 
by roofing that fire^ which has produced one of- the nobleft 
<vroHc^rtlk:trt-of patottngiCM bioift of< Thisis theijgbt io wliidi 
I fseMkhacl Angdo, ^ m fcbn, J qruia coiifcf i, lam oiiH^ 
ibntick irid»'the nitfid^tba(& coiiceimiv «baiiiMUirliaflditfaat «i^ 
,«Cv(ttd;i tht (mnerlia ofteii fu&Kme^- whm thb-iattec is cifi* 
catura. ....'> -; *\:h \' '...j ^ ,. ,.t • 

* I (ball conclude «ttk>tQnfideriog boffi fi^ii'ite Veoetiaiit 
have deferved the cenfure rthar:ba8<beef& Uifowil opon them ; 
and how hr their excellencitfi areiACOdlpatftk^lAbAe greateods 
of painting. It is but reafonfaMetoL aflt #fakr Sir J a hat 
feenof, and where JieJiBs^ftiMlied tfasKicbaoLia Hil he gone to 
%he founuin head i Harf< he gioiioded.. Me ideas^f their imper- 
IciAions, from tbeiysmoA cilt^kiil'^H^Qrioi ? Has Ht iludied with 
attention and candour» At MirtyrJom ^fPietr^Martyn^ im-iim 
<9Mint of St. Giov€mm.mtPu$ki The AfimfHmi^ftbi Virgin 
at dn htgk Mhofh, SM thi Cktltch ^ ib& Frari at Vemii? The 
famfidjm in thi Cathiital rf f^ifr^na^ tj Tiiiimf The Emr^ 

and manf •fthi cUUnp in tt^ Mgi's Pataci^ andftveral dtar fims 
in the Churches at KMa^ ij Pauiyir$mfef 1 he i^gan dc»$ rf 
tie Madonna dtl Ort$^ and tbi Tr^m 9/ thi Trfeui Palaci^ in tbi 
fami city^ by Tifaontt If he has» let him acqait h% judgoenai 
let him with candour confefs^ and it can be no, difgfrace to hioiy 
that thcfe are woriu, tbic^ill' ftahd in competition with any 
thins that the fchopls of Rome and Bologna ever produced; 
^nd Tet him then acknowledge, that fine colourings is not in« 
compatibly ^ith the n(rf)left paths of painting. ^ 

* My i4ea of the dtity of a painter (s ())owever I may be db*s 
ceived) to reprefent his fcenes, ^nd paitipui^rly what relates to 
colouring, fs perfed aiid as near to nature as poQiBIe ; nor will 
I adopt th|B fentiments of 9ny^ man that ihall declare, that a 
Wovemberfog (i^hich I cbnceive to be the famer thing is oa^- 
cure, as the twiUghf fyfiem b in painting) o^h/ihtom an a;ddi* 
tional luftre upon any fcene^ ^d. let me aijc tjiuppofiag oiu»« 

fclvci 



^ItHt^cAMbn of tbefe trMifa^ofly) -wibfitkf^be'fhmsfimAi, 

ing'ft^n^i wfeMiMV^bsiti fo btppily itfempted Md ekMttd 
-ky ClBuit Lknk^f^'^iMSM Yam hedti prbpefvr fiu^MM i^« 
pdn^tly li«ct^cM|c«afl)^cy whitii Cfaey owe tbtir fiir^fe wM^ 

pamphlpt. Thefe obfervations can bardljr be liM ^ te iri- 

»»^ m w II » . iw ■ I » U »i \ ^ ni^ fc ti a yi angw i iii n ^ .^ 1 * ^1 .. n i *■ 

dbilB.Xk UmAtAki:^^ Bjr£hRtflQl(JeBsei^ ULJL^'IfoiAkl 
,1 olUMl<MtrAa:£)^ to ihe. Mtmory.CiC b^id^yUrtt^Ht ..^i^ u. 

#W^UiIjS jijottki 4s >«vrryi vdhoie JMr|oii'wk|lk . that. ingpHdij 
T^t fftftd ttUdcitfif fi irtiicbr irii^ IcmeriAjr lAttMbSbcd dw 
imdiiai0iiticrf?J4ff^iefV*er«^i^Wf d^iiik this foUav&j dirfsip. 
tiMi.ofctlie;dl8Utaiteto apdi ^^lUkaOtts <of JdiHSiikxid Uivl^ 
muft picafe by their poetical merit. 

.: * j\ fiblUi lMild;$Mtb«^at»€MMitr^ 
, ti.?..? r'"^'« iMjpid bbilii^ jofl'd^ >r ' .' -.-) . 

o ' * JWr tddomi^ew. Oitiiiiate^timfelduitt*' 

- . '; ;J^ikoibMigktih«.«cye^ifoU;: . 
, V. , !TifPLl«!P*d'th^|Jiiicci/:ir,^»ir.j 
,, \ , ,^ #1^ Ja^&ai\d trcatiM^igptt* , 
CoA^w^its on a in^piMdl)'^ fide 
, . |tar fiwptuatts n^nfion too4t 
^ Witk manx a yalley ik\rting widp^ 
And many 1^ (preaaiog^o&j^ 



FroMJttioiiVl fiyect, widKbill 4od daleb 
witk cheqiter'd^ %li^ and ibade. 

Xad nam^s ^^ ^^ wtndiag vale 
His filver arms d|ipUy'-d* 

Tbe laodicape ofc the tmv^ikr Tiew'dj 
1 And Uvf tbro* ev'ry part, 
Nature in her moft graceful mooa 
' Led on by !ralle and Art. 

Beneath the Moonta^n's Ih^ggf £de 
Sefpread with antique wo^, 

lD.'int>d^l^ ftate and decent pride 
Lbdfe's dWdlitfg fbod. 

ifevcr did traveller that way 

With porpos'd Aep advance, • • 
'Sut if hi happened there 't6 fitty, 
: He UdsM his lacky kjiaitce :. 






ft96JKf^«»^f^*»4«rM Aroagli the fl^carft 



Cud in Icr fimpK roflct weeds', ' ^ 
' ;AiW'&c*?'(S with fpring-time <|6^Vt i 






Comfortjfficw'd a turfy fpii ,''^' ^* 
r footttcps to detaici, ^ 




And lefs^he pr^is'd LooUk's baw'it^ 
IhirwaMTidP hafte away.* 

, ^ who love Juch truths to fiod^ • '^* '^ 

!ttiat .in' *adi uanfion might be few '^ '"' ' 

* • ^- -^ ' An cfl«feh|fWdteh Am. • • : -i: >^ u 

" ' ' McliiU, born to'bc zdqiit% " '''' -'»••• -" ^ 

•'/ Rijght mvc a Aailon isfws ; ' - - » •" ^ ... >t 

' T6 drkw » worfd's applatiifc^c - * ~ 

,. \Whilft ittird Lo^ifa^s'gehtle mintt'"'^ -^"' ■ - ' ' 
IT^) no vifin potop afpfr'd, "*' -';' "• 

1^61^ <4tt doffldtic joys deCgiT^' -^ i * 
•^M6rclotUthd«wi«Anii?4* - - -*. 

MdiAa'iMt,*fcfetfa*sfaa?/ ' ^ " 

Nd tdflgoe cbtriipriiife t6b Kglk 5 
Ndhieart bat felt to&ifa'tgrtMei, • . ; v' 

And prais'dher #itk a i|jik. 
CiJjpb thus her charms iitfl^% . • . . ^ 

T6 gain in empty Mifs ; V - * 

The ho^ al) doe homage paid, 

Mtfigh*4lbtEild«rii. a 

Wbeo^we hj^re bern ju^ and candid to tb^ merits of 4 wilterl' 
oi^ dttj^^ requires Uut we (boiild take notice of hi$ fatdt^' 
The ^e before vi isAot aUoge^ber well concdvedf andic^l^ 
particularly defijcieot io th^fe circumftances which ihould have* 
Warcan^ the untimely de^tb of Iiouiia. , .^ 

Hie Eie^y to the fnemory of Lord {^yttdhon la tery Ihort;^ 

butitiiasconfiderahiemerit* ^ 

■ . ^ ^ , • .. .. .liiif' 

A^TmXii., £NCYCLoriasD(ABaiTA^NiCA; «r, a Haiomuy 0/ JHit^ 

[fmdS^entti, cam^Ud upon a n/tnxf Ptam^ Vfc. Hlliftrated Witii On€^ 

Hundred and Sixty Cobper-Plates. Bya Society of GctttlenKA UV 

Scotlai^d. 4to. • 3*7011. $L 311. Dilly; 1773. it 

I HE acknowledge(i Utility of compilations of this kind. htl< 
Jn^uced us to beftow upon it ^ degree of atnmrtoiu' t^ 
tuTroqi it^ 5wn merits, we ha?e fiDunl itTtry KtilranlKltd. 
^- ^ ---- . — *wm 



The numerous itnprovements t))at .have Been nfadle in die £^ 
fereot arts and fciences, and the univerfai avidity which fn^ 
vaih for the pqixhajfe of upiverfal knowled^^ at a corapca* 
dious and cheap rate^ have naturally given rife to manj putK- 
cations of this kind fmce the diy% 6f Cfa'amb^ But mVk 
every one feems to.«^nd)l!^]edge Che advantages ofittrcd by the 
genera) plans of, thefe. rdpeS^ve works, ,no pom ^ipeart to te 
fiuisiied with tht exec|ition,i "but all complain more, or left of 
the difappointments the^ meet with on dccafioAall/ coafiddag 
them. ^ " ' . - 

Of thcfe complaints the coipnpilers of the prefeot work ftem 
to have availed themfelves. . They accordingly found dieir fit- 
perior prec^iions to 'public favour, and afTdme.no fmdU &ut 
of OEieric, on their having formed their work on a nmr.plaa, very 
diffirrent from any of thofe that bate boen adopted by dicir prede* 
ceflbrs i wbo» as they allege, inftead of fivitfg a tkur rad me* 
thodical detail of each branch qf ha9aah ktiowledge^ hive bees b 
fond of derangementiifid^iemolition,. that they have necdlefilff 
and even induftrioufly, divided ics diflferent members, mad diP 
perfed them at randomctbiiaugbout the whole alphabet s leaving 
to the reader the fatiguing ta(k of fearching after diefe Icaltered 
fragments, and of putjing them together. , So fond) it fcemiy 
do fome of thefe compilera appear to Se, of this method, dist 
diey make ufe of it even with reg^ to fuch fubjeds as natu- 
rally and obvioufly admit ol being treated fully undef one word. 
Our Authors give us a potable inftancC) without faying what 
it occurs, or an article. d^os, treated in a foriner ofeSioiary) 
where the reader, wanting to know the hi&^y of the Bei^ it» 
ceconomy, various operations, &c. looks out for that wofd, 
and is told that it is ** Ai> in&d of' which there are a great amif 
fpecies, &c. See Apis.'^ * Upon tMrnlng to Apis,* he leadi, 
^, A;Pi$,. ia zoolog}^ a ^enus of four^wing^ infeds, liavi^ 
t^eir ulis furniflie^with a (ling, &c. SeeBaE, Swiaii, 
Hivf ^ Honey, Wax, &c.*' * Welt, you turn to the next 
word referred to, " Swarm of Bees. See Hive." « Up<w 
cbnfiilting Hive, you are told it h/' a convenient r e t ep ti ci c 
for bees. See Bee." * Thcu WnTion is mUde of two or three 
ftrts of tliera, of which no other aceounr Is given, butthst 
fome axe ooade with willow, others With ftrhW ; ibme cyf tvood, 
others oi glafs y and that their uAial form is conicaU iknd ib| 
1il[^th much the fam^fatisfa^iion^you are carried through fJMMgf 
H^^Vff titmy^i^mb^ iVax^ &c. .and after bbing refcrreil bsd: 
Aom the laft article %o Hone^comi^ H^nty^ ^?^^* B^% ^i 
y^ perhaps t^irow down the book in the heat of ^lifappgit* 
•antj'-^ 

,T% prefent lexicographers have followed a very diH%reflt 
|i{U% aiid ia their preface ftrongly infinuate that diey have cdtt* 

ffiftd 



Encftl&pntMa Brltannica. ^tif 

llSriiedkleftrly the wliete prefent i^o6k of human attainments ia 
^E tnii fcien^e, ocatleaftall the efTential parts, *in ft certain 
nuoiber of diftii^ t^eatifes or fyftems. Here, they afllire us^; 
th& reader will find each fubjei^ < dtfcufl^d in a complitiMd'. 
itiethodical m^nner^ without bilhg dlflrailid with refcrtnca / 
white thrm^abfyttcfali^^I or bther tern>3 that require explana* 
tioQ are coocifehr. explained, as theyoccyr in the courfe, of 
the afphabttt.. ui fa£t, the prefent work corifills of about 
forty of the albre&ii treattfes or fy(iem$« ^s they ave callecfy' 
di) the different' arts aiid fciencesj vVhilc tbcVremaiadcr^ of 
it is litde more than a mere hometrclatufe^— or, as the Ger- 
mans c|iH their common didionaries or vocabularies, a Wpp* 
ecn-butibt or WoriUbook^ containing a meagre 'explanatioa 
of each term, or perhaps the term alone, either accompanied 
witha'gentral and wtde-extended reference, direSin'g the reader 
to journey over fome one of the aforefaid forty treatifes at large; 
Oi fometimes kindly refierring him, by a (borter cut, to the pani- 
cuiar pageof the tre^tife in which he is to Aidr^/^e Information. 
-'Though we very readily acknowledge the imprppriety and 
sdifurdillv of the method above exemplified, of fplittiog a ample 
and diftinA srticte into numerous parts, and of giving the. 
reader z.vertigp^ by repeatedly whirling him round the alphabet 
in purfuit of ihem} it does not follow that ^' the reverfeof 
^i^^rmtg^ is rightY* or that'the abufe of the Encyclopedic plan, 
by certain individuals, and in certain indances, wili juliify the 
total lejedion of it^ and the giving up the conveniences indjf- 
putably attending it, in works of this kind, when they are 
executed with judgment.' The faults of one extreme >re not 
aoic^iaded^ but only changed, by running into another. Surely. 
there is a middle courfe which thefe improvers might have pjir- 
Ated with advantage i which at the fame time that it wouid^ 
fttrnifli the reader with dire£^, fp^dy, and perhaps (adsfadlory 
information, "with refped to the immediate obje<St of his in*^ 
quirv, Aight, by'a fet of references arranged in proper order,' 
diredhim where he might iTnd,any further inforpiation that he' 
might ftand in need of, with regard to matters collaterally re« 
lat^to the objeft of his purfuit. ' ^ 

A di£Konary of arts and fciences thus coiiftruAeJ, of articlea 
relating to drntrent and difcordant fubjed:s, arranged only in 
the artificial order in which that of the alphabet happens to' 
dlfpofe pf them, may. we acknowledge, be confidered as a' 
mere H^tUimefs of fcience : yet fuiely it is a wllderneff 
afbrongh .which avenues may be fo judicioufly cut, that the ' 
xead^r may es^y find his way to the knowledge that he i$ itki 
^|tteftof. But cutting well direfied avenues, that lead to ric^? 
^bM ciHtlvated fpots, is a niee and laborious work, whicll'RK 
^fdli'et geniti»» ImoWitdge, and appUbtioo; nor is ^Yohe£e^ 
•- — * ctthef 



304 Emjchpaiia Brttamc0f 

either new. or ftriking, for it i|ras long ago v^ry IvaAMj eis- 
cuted by Chambers : whereas reprinting olcl and new ticitifa 
verhaiimls a matter of eafy exeoiution, and this plan ha3 ^ceorj- 
ingly been prefixed by ou^r tranfcribing Compilers, or dieic 
yferid affiftants and aflbciates in tfap printinfi;-o^C5; ; the wjpok 
cor];is modeftly refting their claim to fqperior ezcell^ffce,^ tokij 
on the meritorious Novelty of their plati. 

They complain of the d\flra£l\m product by the muBeroqs 
references of their predeceflorsj but their purcbafers, we'appiS' 
kend^ win have olucb greater reafon to lament the infreqiienar 
of them, and the want of precifton in the few r^erences neoeu 
(arily employed in the prefent work. lo former diAionaries, 
we are referred to articles that are eafily to be found^ on ^-> 
(;ountof their alphabeticat mode of arraagCpi^Qt ; bu^ ia the 
prefent compilMioo^ though our editors frequently refer us tq 
the particular page of the treatife where information is to be 
^acquired} yet they frequently likcwifc, by a general refcrencx 
to the treatife at large, leave the reader to the full exercife ti, 
all his zeal and patience, in hunting after his article, ibmetipics 
through a courfe of a hundred pages, without furnifhing hia 
with a fingle hint to guide him in the purfuit. In many trials 
we have been obliged, through meiy laffitude^ to give up the 
^afe. We {hall produce a &w inft^es, out of a confiderable 
number that have occurred to us, to juftify die obfervaticm> 
only premifing that we have not ta^en any extraordinary pains 
in deteAing, or exerted any particular choice in fdiedbing^ the 
fbllowin^ foecimens, which ihew the inconveniences refttltbz 
from the plan of the prefent compilers, as they have execntra 
it. We give them rather a^ Ult^adons, than as prQoi^» ftf 
what we advance* 

*♦ T^A AcHiLLis. $ee Anatomy. Pwt a*"] Naw^rhc 
fyllem or treatife intitled Anatgrny fpreads over x^ le& tbaui 165 
pages in 410, clofe printed. TIk Keader howpver^ in the pre- 
fent inftance, needs only leifurely to coofuk the text of about 
34 V^%^h ^^ which part % ^Q.n.Glis i and if he has a kcea eye, 
and fome previous knowledge of the fubje£l; he may poffibiy 
find tttsunJo AcbllUt in ^c/iirie of the Ga/trffaawui and S^cm 
mt^cles :»-A piece of information which the Anatomifl: or jdie 
Surgeon do not want, and which the common Readex wiU bo 
deterred frpm acquiring here at fo dear a rate. 
* *• Aktjcvlakis Mcrius, Sec Gout, and M;si>TCUfJt.''J 
Turning to the article, Gout^ we read, * GpuT, in MfdioMt^ 
fie MfipiciKB.* This fi^rely looks fomewbat VIkp 4^fkm9f9(t 
tli Read^ 'wlb references : but .this is a flight incooveniesice 
compared withjthe labour of difccwering in whatxoraerof <^ 

Sand treiitife, intitled Medicine^ QOJ^^fixfiZ. of f 10 p^gtty |bc 
!9ir/ is to be founds aa the Header meets. wi4 W affift^oca 
"•-•-- t ^ . - ' 6oai 



om anyv ^Ubrvable order in the conftruAion of the treaiife 
kifiorfromunf running title at the head of the page, or even 
cifapter of content^,, to facilitate the fearch. At length bis 
ilig«A^ is rewarded by a diicqv^ry pF this dear- bought article^ 
rvil^ly tvanferibed, in a mutilated ftate, from Brookis*s Pra£lU9 
^/'^^i without hi» being aUei ho v^eirer to difcover any ad-* 
anuge^ that it derivet' vArom* it*8 fypematical fituation^ embo- 
edio^be cencef of a iarj^ freatifd, Wh6re it is nearly as com* 
et^ly infidoui^ as if tc bad ftood betlireetf the arti^Ie^^^ Gourde 
id C^<;a^,.according to the common alph^beticat arrangeirienc. 
Thil$ llg^uo,. at the -U^Crd^ FAiNtl»iQ, * we are directed to 
pcecd to.LiFOTkYftliA, atid at Lil>pTkYMiA, are puflied 
1 wards to MeoxciVe, » where we ivtA ourfelves' once more 
igulphid :in tlacrmidft 6f the aforefaid tneditat hotchpotch; 
It wbeti^er Llp^hfnda is r^alt^^crBe found^tberc, our moil 
boured refeacches^havie hot enabled us t^ determiExe. 
Purfujng ouridefulccfry enquiry, through one or two articles 
or^i^.weJQOk fonPRi^A/l (in optics) which is hot to be found : 
itatMAiOic IbANr9R^9 vy6reatf, ** Magic Lanthern^ 
Q)(i^,, fee OpTzesf'^ that iSf turn over the imire treatifc 
intitjcd:. tod at ^* ^th<ir, in Chcmiftry," we are bid to 
fee pH£HisTJtY;?' thilt tt^ a tfearire of 114 pages.^^An ex* 
Ue?i|;.afiternooaV aihufeo^nt, for thofe who (utd thetnrelves 
:^e4 u> difpofe of their^ afternoon m this manner ! 
By tb^s (requeotldmiffion orreferenccs from the fipaller af« 
;le#^n.tbis dt^kionary) to the hrger rreacifcs where tbeir ex- 
inatioil is to be founds our "Compilers have not dotie juflice 
eb u> their own plan. Bui! Ii^erc their references ever fo exa^» 
d. ^eir fyftemarical freatiifes ever To excellent and well di- 
ftet)*^ it U 10 the higheft degi^e abfurd to fuppofe that a fet of 
f^y^etcrfaciic^ontbe yaridtts branches of human knowledge^ 
ppiy^SWod itith sUlthe teehnlcat or other terms placed in aU 
ia4>ciical ordbar,.aad,.£Ervingas an index to them, could pof^ 
ly jbe^qQndenfedJnto the narrow cotnpafs of three volumes in 
artQ«i .. T^hey liHAftke Kte«^ife the proper ufe of works of this 
mIj wbi<;b. can ndver anfwer the purpofe of Uatbing the arts 
d (jpieocois Abjutucrm only ferve, or at leafl are prLncIpally 
iiptf4> to.refrcfh tt^ tDemoties of thofe who are already well 
Minded ia faKidasneinals^' 6r to give ifnmedtate and fuperitclai 
orination tothdTe wkorequife no more; 
BtfCiWayiogaii]^ further obfervations on'^hefe, b(eadS|, pur 
icori^ b^e been etpjaHy injiidicibas 'iA.portidning out the 
190 ^]lotte4 to tbsir diffierai^t {y^^iia^ or treattf(;s. To give 
ly A^i^w inftancts Of -mifmabaj^etiteht in this >le;p]artment-^ 
ir^Vr^wCthavbalffady-olitm^^^^ pigtii Jtnatomy 

pands over no lefs than 165^ and the article, JMb^^SbT, ftill 
BmET. Apr. 1774. , X fliocc 



^66 Encychp^tiia BritamUtfi 

^ <^ore prepofterouflf ,' occupies and defiles no left than 46. Notr 
how well difppfed foever ch< generairif of Readers itiajr \^ to 
dabble in phyfic, and to rflilh the copious draughts here fdih- 
fully transfuiedy and prefen^ed to thecn, (only in a diffefCiK vt- 

* hicle as to form and, type) from Brtcia^s gutif^lPra^c^i — fcr 
' whofe u^ w^ would a(k, is every bole and comar of the bo- 
man body thus minutely explored^ and every mufdc bel<»igti^ 

~ to it traced up to it's oriein and followed to it*^ inferffon i or 

* Hnafly,'. what purpbafer or a didionary of arts and fcieocess in 
Ihort, who, but a man n^idwife,. can wifli to l^am the varioss 

* mahceiivres of.the./fr/*//i/9 or todiftii^ui(h tbe proper coca- 

* fions and leafo'ns wben. to lay down the twaps-zxhA tike up tbe 
' 'Crot^hltf,: — But hi will certainly prefer SimUie*^ own ediiion tf 

his bpok, t6 that in the E^cycUpid'a Briutnnka. 

ibn the other hand, Natural Histo&y, an (^ed of gene- 
ral curiofity and,.m(|uiryy occupies but./sM ^H!^» which arc 
emptoyed only, in givipg a lift^of tbe fix cla&s into whicb 
Linn^ps has divided the Animal kingdom.. The Authors in- 
deed- refer lis for farther • {at^fa6tion, to Miner Ai.oct> 
i^ooLOGY, BcjtamV:. but no fuch treatife, article, or evtn 
* word,' as m,'nn'aleqt'\$ tp'be foui}d here. • At.the word Z^aUg}, 
"we onjy wd, * Zoology, the Science of Animab. Sec 
'Natural History;.* that is, fee the treatife of two pages 
aforciaid. Turiiidgtou Botany indeed, we meet with fomf- 
'IfebatWemhlin^ a treatife, which however confifts only of ^ 
pages-K containing a chapter on tbe ufes of Botany | soother in 
whi^h tbe Linnaean,^yfttm of Claffificatton is defcribed $ and t 
fhird,'jn, which thp theory oi the fexual commerce of Vegeta- 
bles. tsdifcuiTed, aM attacked with fome degree of vivadty; 
•hiit whether bj any of par Compilers, we know not. We meet 
.Indeed^ with 10' much feryile tranfcribing. of whole vcdaoxs 
herhaiim^ in their fyftems or treatifes, as they call them— 
Skipping only over now a, paragraph, and then a page,^i 
^^hapter^— that we cannot help doubting whether the few arti- 
cles, we here meet wicbir^ihat might do them fome c/edit^ ait 
iorigihals, or mere tcanU:ripts like the refl:.*-?-*But to return : 

In the detaihr3pzn of the worjc, particular articles of Natts* 
fal Hrftory are indeed t6 be^ found, as tbey. occur in the alpha* 
l)et{caT arrangement^ but^ except in a vei^. &w iaftances, xhcj 
confijl of little more ^han the name of the plant or animal, aod 
the charafiers afcertaihing its rank in the Linnasan* claffifica- 
tion i.follOw:ed,'M^^ animal fyftem particularly, with a drj 
catalogue of its Tp^cies or varieties, as uninterefting as a gcae- 
alogicaluble; while the qualities, habitudes, fingularkies, or 
^ther iriterefiinp; circifmftaiices peculiar to the fubjed, areoot 
Jiotiosd. A Lmnaeaa or prpfefied Natiiridi& does doc waiK« 
''/''••''* . M 



EtufchpmJIa BritafUucd^ - " 367 

ho^ can be content wfth, the fcantjr information he findg here i 
and to a common Reader t6eir dcteriptions muft appear down^ ' 
right gibberiih. 

Taking liie firft fpecimen that prefenta ii(AU AngitIs, 6{ 
the fnakc^ for example } inftead of informing and amuiing thie 
Reader with the general biftory, habitSi &c. of tfais^ fpecies of 
animal, they prcfent htm only with a lift of fixteeii ())ecie9,^ 
diftinguifhed by as many hard names, and tell him that filch ah 
one haa \%b fitUa on the belly, and 23 on the tail^ but that 
smother has 180 fcuta on the belly, and 18 on t|ie. tarl : and 

J ret this dry and difmal catalogue of 16 fnakesj and of their re-^ 
pedive Jatto on their bellies and tails, takes' up more rdocn 
than our judicious Compilers have' thought fit to allot to to 
iaterefting and iniportant an article as that of Mfigmtifmi i . 
itjbjc(^ which the reader^ after due fearch, day at length find 
€9mpletehf difcufled in a folkary paragraph of about 20 line^, 
occurring in a very unexpeAed place^ the treatife on Mnha^ 
nia: to which he is referred at large, und^ the word 
Maonbt •• 

Turning over a paee or two^ we naeet with ApUti^ and elt- 
t€& that, at leaft, this extraordinary genus of infeds^ whofi: 
luigular mode of propagation, has^ for a long lime paft, coii- 
Ibiuided all our fine-fpuo fyftems of generation f, would hav4$ 
afforded matter for a curious article, inte^efting to the genera- 
lity of Readers | but a Reader, in the firft places who is not a 
profefled Naturalift, Will not know, nor do oilr lexicographers 
inform him, that Apbis is the Liniuean generical name of thd 
tribe of in(e£b^ of whofe fingular mode of generation he hai 
formerly read accounts' in Boluiet and other Natuhrlift^, under 
the titles of PtturotiSf Vine-fretters, or Plant-lice;— ^dr if he 
does,' yill he meet with much (attsfa£Uon from ih^ accb'unt herd 
given in eight lines, the whole fubftance of wt^ich is, that thtf 
jfphit belongs to the order of hfiffa hikilptira^ that the roflrum 
is infleded, the anttnna< longer than the thorax, am) the feet of 
the ambulatory kin4:«— notices which muft Undoubtedly rtdound 
mufrh to his edification and amufement. It is needlefs to mul- 
tiply iniianpes \ but making one trial more we confult tfte artf- 
cle Polypi^ and find the whole hiftpry .of this curious family of 

* Among other inftaaees of a fimllarly happy iHrrangement; we ma/ 
nitnMnTb$rMometiry which is treated under Pnbumatics. Looking 
fgr Pjrmmur^ no fuch article octuf§: under the article, /r/, we 
find nothing faid of it j but in our fearch after Magmtifm, we unex- 
p^Aedly pop upon it« thruft into .a corner of the treatife of M&- 

CAA«iCS« 

t .See oar 48th volume. Febrnary 177 3* page it 6, 

X 2 infect 



3o8 ^ . EncycUpa£a Brifamdoh 

Htfc&s cotnprMM in thr(5c WftCjT;' biif then we have the (atisfse* 
lion of learaii^that 4 beWngi'taOie G^fyinctf tfie ItyMra^ 

In a new l)>4iof^ary of Aru snd tScieno^f, t ilcader wtft 
luturally eicped to meet with fome information wf^ r^ard to 
the.lpaqy ipterefting 4ifcoyefictr or impm^etMhts iti PhHofttph; 
oc Art> that Idji^inguiih Qur«owntinie9k Wlth'rcfpcd'hawevef 
to mattcrii of this lund^; oar negligent or iinioferin^ Compiles 
, generally obifervo thf aioft profiiinui f Jcwie* We fliafl dofc 
SiiS article wilh g»«4*« » fewmfttonces, out of many iMt hw^ 
occurrefi to us, ^ 4beif ^g^ioraocr or Degligem:^ iji Mk pai"* 
ticular* . - . . ., 

In tbefirfl place, no fuch article «• -fiuMf Jfr is to be met 

wi^ in tEis,0i4iQn^y » thbngh « fobjtfft teitirinly eathletf^ 

^rrje conrideiati^n in the:phik£>pbicaU or ehenrical ^pfttiAeoia 

of g work ^f fbi$ kind* ob lacamei of the coafiderable li^ht 

'thrown on (eyci^ -pf ,4^ OK>ft4AteMftia]g parts of hattkal- pbilo^ 

Ibphy> by^Vcqr^^w^ tbe^cKiftcace of tMs fluid-, ats k cokAi^ 

tuent part of ^amr biadiety and \s^ tbc difcoverf of IX^ varknti 

propertiea aini ixefatioos.. Ovevlookklg -and e»:nfiifg their 

ooiiiKoii of the more recent diicoveries of philoTopfieirs on tiiU 

fubjea;^ we?(Mi ohftnpethat aotimty th^^ I>r; Brownnggtc, 

communicate tQ the pfiUfck iir 1765^ Md of Dr. Black, pi^ 

liflied in 17569 are. here ^afibd over lUinotkedf but KkeWire 

the ni*merous and intereftitigeiip^imental invelK^tions of^is 

aerial fiibJftaQce, publtflied hf Dr. Haks aibdre ferrrVelrs agd» 

as wfll as :tbe^r(^rvilti0as oi Bo¥)e, rtiad^ in ^ hk^ ctnti^. 

Fixed i^V^not Jbeing; 10. be founa eitbift in st^ proper (dace, or 

under I^N£^i44Tics» we tmrn to thtf artides Lbrn^ and Mogtif 

fta^ot father to t)^ tiFeattfirof CHXMlsVieY; to whkh obrCocn- 

pilera re£fr uf^ 1^1 thtib two artioksj Here the^ ^vid^ntlyr ap» 

pear not tQ havt obtiiimd the laift gNmpie^f tfaii elenient« is^r 

of the imp()r,tai>t; Kfaltt^Mwed frtai (h^cb^plefe ^btd oopiiouf 

detefiion of it in ihefe tv^ fdbftanctt, thou^ dJEedocffej^ chetr 

own coumryinaii, Dr# Bhick) near twenty yeafrs a^.' ^We nexl 

confult the artijcle MiimeAL WmUti^ wheit we find them fpeak- 

ing of diofe of Pyamooa, as conftituted of a ^ fubdle aqueotts 

fluid,. zvpiaiiUirm^ aodapvedoamacin^alcaK^' and (be#tDg 

them/elses as completely igntlrant of this aerial and capit^ 

ingredient, to.wfcieh thtfe and' <Dther waters of tbk Mod owe 

their grate£a) pungency and priaeipal vtrtues, as if Dr» Brown- 

rigge and others had never difcovered or written arfyUable oa 

the fubje^):. In fiiort, after all our fearches, we have not bcco 

able to find the Icaft hint or fymptcmi, indicating that thoTe 

Compilers and Digeftors of the fcience of the prefect age, were 

confcious that iucb a printipte as Jlxed ait exiflied in any one 

corner of the univerie* 

Uwkf 



Under Pl^murM A:rie9 (page 490) ouc CoffipUen have^Mght 
9)foper to fpeak of Ligbtmng and ThmndeTi and- repeat the old 
flory of fulpbure'ous and' nitrous bodies, rifing; into tke atmo- 
fpbere^ fermenMng wiib ca^ :Otber, and ^^^^ iirefponta* 
iieoiiily } and ,yet feme one of our coofifteot a&ckted book* 
makers bod before given US| uoder the article fiLBCTAfcxTVy 
adifferejitaAd^uft account of tbe caiiie of tbcfe meMors^ while 
lie waa t«anfcribtng from Uu Pritftley's biftory of that fcience. 

To proceed lUily one ftep furtber in this unedifythg and tire« 
fomeinvefligation: — The r^frailing Telefc&pi is here curforily 
defcribed in the compafs of iefs than a page, juft in the ftate in 
which k was delifered down tow from the. days of Galijeo and 
£epler, with all i^ imperfeftions on its bead; The fame pro^ 
found filence and fecrecy^ wbkb our Compilers bsive obferved 
with regard -to the modern fneumaikal ii\[c€>weKm of our coun^ 
trymen^ tbey religioufly maintain likewife witb refpeA to the 
japrovenwncs ma^ hi the above-mentioned braocb .4>i'0j>tics^ 
wbich terminated in the invention of thtufckr^mirtir Tcltkaft : 
one of the moft brilliant difcoveries of the prefent age. - Not a 
bint tranfpires concerning the theory of this infttument, nor is 
even the name of it to>be found in this New and Complete digeft 
of the Arts and Sciences. 

We fcaroe need to repeat the Apology Tuggcfted toward the 
beginning of this article^ which we have, beeii induced to ex« 
feud to its -pfefent length, principally on account of the utility 
of compXa(tion8 of..t^s kind) the. pretty eactenfiive. demand for 
them^and theiar^price-of 'tM«J>reffi90t work.: On chewhble,we 
fliall only further obferve with regard to it^ that ii h fanned on 
an excep^i^i^aUe pfam, tnjudidoufly^tiegllgeiitly, iai foftie in- 
fiances ignofandy^ aiidy up<HV the whole, we may* add, dt/bo^ 
nefilfj executed. The^-expreffion is not roo hafUh^^WTicti we con- 
fider the neth^ parfued by our Book-wrigbti., Qf mahufac- 
turing the bulky parts of their wo^ or ihtk Jj[^emi^ and of 
adding iheet to iheejt, by the prompt expe^nt of almoft literally 
tranfcribing, whole treatlfes^ or detached parts.* (»f treatifes ; 
inftead of extrading.the/iibllj^fiifQ^ and feledtag and digefting 
their moft valujcUp ,cpatemir: whiles, tkqir ifaoct and iHeagre 
articles^ in the detact|ed 1 part .«f- k, 'Of wMeh forty or fifty 
fometimes are jnciaided in a finglrpa^^ render this department 
<€f ihe work a mefi Dijfttoni^ry of Difiniihnu 



MONTHLY 



MONTHLY CATALOGUE^ 

For , A P R I L, 1774. 

P O B T I C A t. 
Art. 13. Otahiiti : z?otm. '4to. is. Bathurft. 1774* 

TH & fmooch* corred, and flowing ftyle of verfe in which thii 
poeoi is written, fhews that the Author is bo danger to com« 
pofition. ^at thqugh his poetry is gpodt it is, in our ophiion, toq 
geqeral in its deicriptions to be intcrefting ; at Ieaft» futk were eke 
fentiments with whicl^ th^ perufal ImpreiT^ i^. \Ybat relates pzLiti- 
f ularly-to Otaheite is conveyed in t^c fallowing lines ; 

* Put Fancy lea48 qs oer yon iile to rore. 
The Cypaus pf the Sduth^ the Land of Live. 
Here, ceafelefs, the returning feaibns wear 
Spring's verdant robe, and fmile throughout the year^ 
Jlefreihing zephyrs cool the noon-tide ray, 

And plan tane groves impervious (hades difplay. 

The gen'rons foil cxafh no filler's aid ^ 

To turn the glebe and watch the infant blade; 

Nature their vegetable bffead fupphes, ' 

And high in air loinriant.harvefts rife. 

fio annual toil ^e foodful planu demand, 

But unrenewed to rifing ages ftand ; 

Fro^ iire to fon the lonj; fqcceiCon trace. 

And lavifh forth their gifts from race to race. 

Beneath their ihade the gentle tribes repofe; 

Each bending branch their frugal ieaft bellows : 

For them the cocoa ywldt iu milky flood. 

To Alike theiftbirft, and ktd their temperate Mood ^ 

No mddy nedar their pure ber^rage dains, 

roams in their bowt and fwells tbetr kindling veiaa* 

' Their evening hours fucqefliv^ fpor ts prolong. 
The wanton dance, the ioye-infpiringibng. 
Impetuous wilhes no concealment knoi^, 
Ai the heart prompts, the melting numbers flqw : 
]^ach Obbrea feels the lawlefs flaiiie, 
Nor checks defires fhe does not blufh to name* 

^ No boding prefage haunts them through the nights 
. No tares revive with eirly dawn of light -^ ' * 
Each happy day glides thtoqghtlefs as the laft. 
Unknown the intnre, nnrccali'd the paft. 
Should momentary doucja, with envions fluufet * 
^lot the gay fcene, and bid its colours &de 1 ' 
As the next hour a gleam of joy fupplies. 
Swift o'er their minds the pafling fnnlhine flies z 
t^o more the tear of tranifient forrow £ows, 
peas'd are the lover's pangs, the orphan^s woes. 

* Thus the fleet moment^ wing tlreir cafy way s 
A dream their being, and U^r ufjp a day* 



Monthly CataloooBi^ PMtkah .7 311 

'V*k«owa td.fhefeibftttibtii, with (bbborii fbil 

And flfrmt robad to turn «che cultar'd TotI ; 

Throagh traaklefi wilds jto ui-g^ their daring chace. 

And roaze the (ierceft of the favage race ; ' 
•iJnkabwn tho(b wafits that pfoth^it th* iaventive mind. 

And baniih nervclefs floch from human-kind. 

* Can crCicl paflionB theie ck\m ibats infeft. 
And ftiflc pity in a parentis breaft ? >^ 
Does here M e d b a draw the y^geful bladjb. 
And iUin with filial gore the bladnng (badet 
Herr, where Areadia fhoold its tcenes nnfbid^ 
>^nd pail'rai love revive an age of gold ! 

* Ab I fee in yain the little fuppliaat plead 
With fiient eloquence to check the deed : 
He Tmiles unconfciofus on th* uplifted knife. 

And courts the hand that's arm'd againft his Hfe. ' 

Not his laH iighs the mother's boibm movie ; 

She dooms his death, her Sacrifice to love : 

Impatient haftes her am'rous vows to plight. 

And feals with iahnt Mood the barbarous rite» ' - 

Reclined upon her lover^s panting breaft. 

See in his arina the beaotcoos miird*reff preil! 

No keen ntmorfe the wanton trance d^ftroys» "- 

No (hrlUine terrors damp their guilty joys; 

Nor ties oflodal (i^ their crimes reclaim^ - '' 

Nor rigid Jaitice awes» nor virtitous FamcL 

' On muids w%ich thus untaught thiDi'dafkltng ftray» 
To po0r the radiaiK beams of heav'aly day; 
To point where Nature the great ooUtne draws. 
Where Truth reveai'd gives landion to her ^aws | 
To bid th' iotemp'rate reign of Senfe-eiqiire, 
And qnench .th' oaholy fluie of loofe deAre ; ' ^ > ' 
T'cach them ihm being's datie» ita ufe and end» 
And to immortal life their hopes extend, 
^Howgreatthe.iriumphl'— — " -.^ . 

On Ae whole this may be properly enough tailed a pretty poem* • 
Art. 14* SuThofMs's Mount: a Poem. Writleh by a i^enrle- 
' maaiaindia^ 4.td» 2 s. 6d. Dodiley*, i774« ' 
St. Thomas's Moilntis a beautiful place In India, oil the co'a^ of 
I^oromandeL On this^ account the ju-veqile Author* l^ad many ad^ 
rantages with rclped to noVelty of fcenery, imager^,* an^" objefts ; . 
tnd, avaiting^him(elf of this, he has produced no very contcpptiblo 
>oaii* Thus hfe di^ffcribes the hunting of the Antelope: 

''But mark the beauteous Antelope f— he fpringi:— *. _, 
He bounds— ^e flies — nor needs the aid of winga. 
Not tEe fleet greyhound, Perfia's boafted breed, 7 

Nor, 60m Arabia's eoaft, the rapid deed,. ., 

* This poem, the Authpr tella ns, was written before he liad at- 
atflfid Ilia 2oth year. 
^^ X4 fa 



3ii Monthly Cat aIoovs, P^^^iL 

In fwiftnefft can eompar^lie drips die wtnd^ 
Ai^4^yp them hgeVf^g, p4»tiAg» hgiMatd* 
Now» freed from dre«d» fct fppni «p^ dwfUaa,. 
UntH their cries ialuic bit e^rs again i 
Again the fugitive his flight renews i / 
In vaia the flretching ^e his wingicd conrfe pnrfaci* 
Then (ky what fwiftDeis (ha)} this prize oi>ttUDs . 
Which dogs an^i hprfes frUow hut in vain ? j 
Beheld the Chetah 1 of the kopard-kind. 
Watchful' as n^(» and atfliire as the wind* 
Bred tt> the fport^ he fteals towtrds the preyi. 
As the herds broN^e^ or inattentive ^ay i. 
One he felefts, and measuring with his tyt$ 
The 4iiMncf» , darts like (ight^nlng^ to the pxbe : 
(So,/ when the fowler takes his certain aiiB» ' 
A fwift deftrudion -ftrjkes the .flntt'ring .gafne«) 
The ^e\plefs prey his ufelols 4>^ed bemoans* 
Drops tSe big tear of griefs «nd dies in £roai»« 
Bat fhould or chance or accident betray 
Th' approacbiog favage on his mard^moa.way. 
" Inftan t the Aatdope Intakes to fligh tr— . 
Indent the Chetah, furious at the iighe» 
Springs to arreft his fpeed — but fpicing&in vain ! 
Refcu'df he now exelu and bouiids aToui; the pUoMLi 
Bat lo ! die difappoiated Cheuh tarns, i 
While tenfold fury i* 3iis \)o{qm biirns :^-t 
Beware, yehnntertf! left, his ire to iate» 
Heedle^ yoq, feel Actbon's wretched 6te i 
AH but his keeper, whofe familtac hand - * 
SuppUes his waAits, and pradifes commaad ; 
So^th'd by his vpice» rolaaantly be ftajf»# 
Growls fiifly difcooteot* and ilow pbcys.\ 
The fecond Canto ontanis^ by way of epifode,' the pttegriaatioai 
of St. Thomas, who, the Auth^ takes it* for grantcdy propagated 
the gofpel in the EaftrJndies* . ^ , ^ 

Art. 15. The Patron^ a Satire. 416, is. Ftcxncy. 1774. 
Tho Attthor profeflea jtor iaiitate JvrenaU In this: yiew we n^ 
apply to him his own fai-cafm on the late^ Pr. Goldfxnith. . 

The: punyDodor, he telU'iis, tore from^. the ViiWny'lhp.aldeinof 
Johfifon, a corner of. his mantfe, in wliic^'he fwath'd hinifelf 0*0 
and'pl^r: . , , , , ' /, 

'' : G I ' ' ■■ — ^h thus robed aflTumes a mock command 
^ And in thofc regions f reigns J j 'iq, a^ fec!?p4 haj^d*. 
But if tbeAutbQr has no preteniions to rank wjtb ^Mlq^rioat 
Roman, he may b6 allowed to lit down with his ing^eniou^ cooAtrj' 
man Oldham. ' ' , , 

• Left the Abthor fliould be fuppofed capable of ui^iKroofly ii- 
fnltiQ^the dead lion^ we muft pbfcjrethat^^ this poem 'wis pnbKAcd_ 
before tjie Dolor's death.' ' "7 """' / * 

•:j ^ *« 4— the proud manfions of immortal fam^,** 

3 ,, ; ' T^ew 



M^THtY Cataloo0^, PoettcaU . ^^ 

There is fpirh, as well as poetry, in the followioj^ ftn£tQce| ofi the 

jJtfUtioos nmm -aiakaitg in St. Jatties's Park* : 

' * An ample plain there lies, obltqiie bctw^n 
The hqpottr'd'rerideQce of Albloots Qoeen, 
Which its proad fammits thas ennobled rears 
More by her Tlnuei, 'than the crown (he wears* 
And in thoie realms, the realms of freedom knowo,. 
A little inanfion., which I call my own : 
Qn that white R ■» exhabib his art, 

) Your inflaericey all ye powers of tafte impart. 

I aik Dot» \ktvt to (coop the hpllow dell, 
Th^r^ bid the gay fwerd's Terdurbus bolbm iwell: 
Kaked and flat be the eye*wearyin^ fcene 
As billiard-table^, thongh not half fo green^ 
liet not, in groups aiTembling unconfined. 
The HMhadryides goflip with the wind ; 
And here and there be caogbt a Dryad (tray. 
With artfbr ignorance to loTe her way. 
Uprieht as ntarqueteers ya a trdn-band, 
Ranfipd rank and file, w^ile the tall wood-Dympbs (brnd. 
To keej) th^ roving eye j^ithia 4oe boi^ndl^ 
The fair extent throw an embracement round : 
And from M^^elds^^ whfre f^kgance poTvails, 
Bring the nice modeLof the cirdiqg rails. 
Bring Bedlam too, ftri^w beds, andTcclls (b dark. 
And let the tnanfion ikirc St. James's Park* 
With lanaiics, ,hcre pamots ^n dj(gr^ce« .. 
There chiefs in plenita^ of po^er and places 
Cuckolds,' that clank the^ gainful, jnarriagc chaia, 
An^ wives Jby pfulian^ent turn'd mai^s i^n, 

I^arams Qf ^p^fv I'^P^^*?^^. ^^ «V* ^ 
Cafgoes of tops apd fopli^ for,the flage; 
ni |>e'dp]e 'Bedlam^t Tome future time | 
= Or mayliblivion teize ray ltulj-)[^fn ^hisie^' 

Ar|fl6« Rfifili^hn;^^?0fim.v. By Dr. Goldfinith $ including 
EpitUpl^s on the mo$ diftinguUhed Wita :of the Metropolis, ^to.^ 
IS. 6 4«;Kearfly^ I774» - i 

, , * Dr.Goldfmiij^' fays ^the Editor^ ' belonged torn A^hotSiaux 
J|^ri<^, where 9^t fp^rkle^ Ibmetimcs at theexpence of ^ood-natore* 
It was propofed (9 write, epitaphs on the D«dor. His country, 
dia^, and perfqn, furiufl^ fitiyeai of witticifti. The Do^or 
wa% 4^l][sd OQ i^rfl/fiafifiti9itt iLKi at their next meeting produced 

the foU^wiag poettft«'«rr-, V 

The perfoas who (gofe ']>riocipaUy in this poetical group are £d« 
iBmid Burke; hishrother, Richard Burke; his coafin,William Burke $ 
Patl^ ^W*fi*^ J ^* Q^vaimX^^l aiaor. of the Well liMlian ; Dr.- 
Douglas, the<rete£tor.of'jLau^^r;..SirjQ(hfia;R^olds; and a fi^w^ 
othen. W<wi9f<?0Qcd that iJ^Aethprintcpdcdtd«nlarge his lift; ^ 
whijt^^ms y^pipbs^^ tpjth^ pif^ce^peartib b^ Imperfea: a 
drdiynttai^ce whu;)iji^^jS4nMrerf (in which, audber we may venture 
to iaf luftr all its rradf r») ^\ ^trtainly lamcntt^ The poem ajbopnds 
-•• :'"■."•." ' * with 



314 MONTHLY Catalogue, PoUuaU 

with wTt, free from even the flighted tltidore of ill satore; tod^ 
chara£leri(lics of ail the parties, as far as. they are known to os, are 
cqaally pointed and jult As a (jpecimeny we Ihall ^ire the' epiuph 
on the celebrated orator, Mr. Burke : 

* Here lies our good Edmonds whole genins was fuchy 
We fcarcely can praife it or blame it too naoch ; 
Whoy born for the unirexle, narfo«^*d his niind« 
And to party gave up whit was roeanc for mankind. 
Though fraught with all learning, kept draining his throat 
To perfuade Tommy Towafend • to lend him a vote ; 
Wlus too deep for his hearers» ftiil went on refining. 
And thought of Convjiicing, while they thought of Dioiog i 
Though equal to all things, for all things unfit. 
Too nice for a itatefman, too proud ior a wit. 
For a patriot too coal ; for a drudge difobedient. 
And too fbnd of the right to purfue the ixpeditnt. 
In (hort *twas his fiUe, unemploy'd^ or in play. Sir, 
To eat mutton cold, .and cut blocks with a razor.' 
T)i€ lines on Mr. Garricfc are perhaps the nit)ft mafterfy part of 
this very agreeable fragment ; hue they have been fnfficiently.rctaUed 
, in the ne^s-papers. 

Art. 17. The Cimci% a Poem. By Samuel Rogers. 4to. it. 
Richardfbn, &c. 
Mr. Rogers has jud notions of the oeconomy of private life, and 
of the obligations of religion and morality ; but he totally miflakei 
his talents if he thinks himfdf half fo great a poet even as Porafret, 
We tell him this truth in pare good will, becaafe we are pleafed with 
his fentimentt : and in the hope that he will, hereafter, be cautions 
of injuring his own thooghts by attemptiagto clothe them in verfe. 
Arti 18. Tbi Progrrfs if Gallantry^ a Poetical EfTay, ia three 
Cantosw 4to. is. 6d. Dodfley. 1774* 
Contains feveral good moral fentiments and ob&nrations, with a 
moderate Ihare of poetical merit. • 

Art. ig. The Gamjlers. A Poem. AddreflU to llie Mayot 

ofC — . Second Edition, umo, is. Lewis. 177 4» 

Relates to the Canterbury Tale, noticed in our Review Ibr laft 
monthi p« zt^; At that cit>' thft ftory is probably interefting; anJ 
the'perfons concerned may have infficiently cxpofed themftlves. Bat 
as the affair is local, the iatire here exhibited cannot be expeAed 
to draw the attention of the pabHc in general. The^ poem has 
fome humour, and ofiscrt very good ad^ce* Shonld it imprefi anf 
mind with a fenfe of the mod ridiculous folly, ^ ^^^ ^ deftraaive 
confeqnencesof gaminfg, a vice now fo greatly prevalent, it wiU aa- 
fwer a very valuable end. 

ArtVao* Meduo Maftix^ or Phyfic X^rafkdeteAed, t (atirko 
didadic Poem. 4to. ' is. Evans. 
This poem wonld more properly be entitled Empfrico Maftix, ftr 
thefatireis moft particalvly leveled at the ibdoftrioas fraternity of 

Quacks^ The Author does not appear to b^^that liratefnitf ; oat 

- • - "- 

• Another copy fays, DUkj WbiPumlh. 

. 'acknowkd^ 



Monthly Catalogue, P^ftkoL ^s 

Hcknowledges himrelf of the Facalty. However, «y« caDnot indulge 
Ji)m with Gilbert Cooper's compliment to Dx* Akeniide» that he it 
'the twofold Difciple of A{9o)lo; for, as a Poet, he claims only a 
. diftant relationfhip to the family of the well enoughs. 
Art. It. Richard Plantaginet^ a Legendary Tale, now firft 
pablifhed, by Mr. HttU. 4to. ?s. Bell, 1774- 
This is a (imple ftory, the hero of which is fuppoied to be a nata- 
ral fon of Richard the Third, who is privately brought ap under the 
care of a Clergyman, and kept in ignorance of his birch till the 
evening preceding the battle of Bofworth ; in which his father loft 
his life and his crown. Jt was, afterwards, the fon's fortune to work 
as a Bricklayer for Sir Thomas Moyle, at Eaftwell in Kent, for the 
fpace of 60 years. To this gentleman, at la((, he communicates the 
ilory of his birth ; and the narrative forms the poem. 

We can fay nothing in favour of the compofition. The Author 
plainly wants tafle and talents for this kind of poetry. Where *he 
aims at iimplicity, he falls beneath it, and midakes it for fil)ine(s ; 
a kind of didion which has prevailed much of late, and which we 
have frequently ct>ndemned. 

What a piteous imitation of Sternhold's rhyme have we in the fol« 
lowing ihinza ! 

But now thy tongue hath fpoke aloud 

Thy grateful piet //, 
No longer be thy ftory kept 
In painful fecres^ 
There is a difagreeable epithetical (liiFnefs in the following line : 

Ip thofe cari-'wo'vi/if ipng protra<fled years. 
And in 

Placed in a rural, ibft, ierene retreat. 
With a deep-iearn'd Divine I held abode. 
The former line is overloaded with uncharaderiilic epithets^ 
always, a mark of bad writing, whether in profe or poetry ; i^eep- 
Itan^d is haHh and nnpoetical, and btld abode is (ViiF. 
^rt. 0,1* An Etegy on the Fears of Deaths by the Author of 
the Difierence between Words reputed fynonimous, after the Man- 
ner of Girard, Hogarth moralized, &c. &c. 4to. is. 6d. Bell. 

>774- ^ , ^ 

This iixpenny poem, confiding of 11 pages, 12 lines on a paj^e, 

and modemy charged is. 6d. we are previoufly told, is the hrll 
poetical auempt of a Clergyman. In putting fuch an extravagant 
price upon it, we fappofe that he pr his Bookfeller muft charge for 
coining new words, one of which occurs p. t^ 

♦• He neither liftens to the yonngly tale," 
Or elfe having before their tyts the late latal decifion concerning 
literary property, and regretting that this poem fhall in the fpace of 
28 jreaft become a prey to the rapacity of tnofe notorious rogues, the 
Scotch Boc^feUers, they are determined to make the mod of it while 
they may. - In that taft they may fay as the Author fays in his Poem, 
Why four we then the pe-ri-od of all ? ; ^ 

To^^rard the conclufion,^ the Author grows mod aftonifhingly 

The Empyrean pierce, and rend the Welkin's eacl . 



Jl^ MOKTHLY CaTALOCTTeJ 'hkiCal 

Tht Wtfkii^s iart thcrrt a thought ? coaM the Author only )u^, 
found breach enough to have proceeded with the fame dignity* he 
T oald have been a Prince of aa Author indeed. Had he exhibited 
t: c r;-e/ing condition of the Ecfiptic'4 legs, the Equator's noife^ &c. 
a i^rmceof aa Author would he have been ! , * 

i\xt. %i. P "Bf, by Mr, Jcfiirfon. Second Edhion *• 8vOb 
2s. 6d, Griffin, &c. 1773. 

Had thefe Foems been worth the leaft notice, (brae apology fhoold * 
have been made to the Author, and the Pablic, for overrooiing 
them fo long; but they were amongft thofc things that drop dead- ^ 
born from the Prefs ; and to be in haAe about regifteriog them \a our 
xnOBthly bilU of mortality, was very immaterial. 
Alt 24.. Elfefair and Evander^ a P«»cm : by S. P. founded 

on Fa^> being an Hiftorical Narrative of two unfortunate Lovef% 

whom the Author relieved in Carolina, in the year 1766* 4t9» . 

as. Snagg. 1774..^ ^ . . . 

No ; no indulgence in this court for printbg at the follcitatioa of 
friends : That plea is fotally excluded. • 

t Hehce firll arofe the fad unhappy (late, 
Of many a hungry paunch, and many a forc-icratch'd patc^* 
Art, 25. The Mufe in a Fright j or Britannia^s Lamentation : 

A Rhapfody. Containing a fuccinfl Account of {he Rife and 

Progrefs of Britilh Liberty, and the Eftablifhment of the Preis ; 

with the Methods now taking to deftroy it. In which* will be 

difplayed, a number of whole length Charaflers, &c. 410^ 

18. 6d. Bcw, 

The Author's meaning is fb good, that wc iincerely wiih be was a 
better Poet. 

Art. 26* The EJfati Orators^ a Town £cIog«e« 410. is* 

£vans« 

That foppery of phrafc which Ajchitedls, Deftgnen, Head- 
Gardeners, and Au^oneerst in particnlar, afte^ jn their d^Hp- 
tions and advertifements, is here properly enough treated with'n<&> . 
cule; and it. would* have done very well in a pbeiical fiing, or a 
tafnal eflay Sn an Bvening Paper, but the fiibjed is too low for .the 
importance of a pamphlet. ' The pdem is' one of th6 'well euomghs. 
Art. 27. La Cloche De VAmt: or Confcience the loudeft 

Knell. A Satyr, Occafioned by feveral late Complaints ^roia 

Places of Public Refort, of the too long and freqi^eot l^n^ of the 

Bells at Deaths and Funerals. To which is Hfidejj, VigiUmam 

Novijfima: or the reformed Watchman. Th^ facpnd Hditiod. 

With feveral confiderable AlteratiOAs and' Ad4iti^. 'Svo, bd. 

Towers. 1774* 

Whether any fuch complaint as that iatinai^d h^ t}i^.#bf>ve tido 
has been ferioufly made, we oanoot deterjo^inci : Ifi^btls-it -inMf 
afford fome juH occafion for iaure* Iti3 very.pr^r t'^tttodfc. v^liQte 
lives are chieflv devoted to iuxucy and di%^ioi^f/Ap0(4^ be ibcn^ . '. 
times reminded of the folemn and awful conclufion which (b'fpeedily' 
approaches I Bat the thought may l^ the Aathor> ojvn it^vaBtsoft;!" 

• T]u»hB»fcwa«fiift<bW'«eVbi*. • f P.sJ 



for the fake of prefentbe^is ppfm,i;9,tl^ public in a ibiking man- 
lier. Yet» kowever g^oocTnis ddSgp* U poetical talents are not to be 
oiQch comQiehded. 
Art. 28. A Famifiar Epiftle.to jhg Juth^r of the Httrotc EpifiU I9 

Sir fTilliam Xlhwbtu^ awl j^ the Ifirok Ftfi/crift to the Puhlit. 

4to. IS. 6 d. Wilkic. . 1774. 

The 4>irited Authbr oi;the;j^roic£pi||Ie, 5cc. haviag * aAnoanced 
bis refoltttion, iboald occafion requtrc* ^o employ 

•* -r r-r- the thttttder of his fong, 

RoiriiTg in deep ton'd energy along," 
againft the nefarious attempts of arbitrary governors jqf corrupt fena« 
tors^ to invade the liberties pr/quander the properties of his conn- 
trymen, — the present Writer fteps forward to expoftulatc with the Hi^ 
rdcBard on the vanity and folly of JTuch an attempt. He keenly 
ridicules the Pofifcript t)iroughout; and has,. indeed. In the lan- 
guage of Admiral flawke, giv^n the author a fiund tiruhhing. He 
concludes with an exQcl^uc le£bn 4br tbpfe fplenetic geniufes who 
are io wondrous prompt on evcijN or on ao, occafton, 

« y to lift ajw the Satyr** rod. 

And tread the paths which grf^t J^udlius trpd f «*^ 

.< rrO^/ >iai ^/-^what icribUtng rage 1 
^-r^e writ a volume for a page! 
— By Heay'iM i do^ny^fpirie Wrongs 
To grate tl|it fcraanrUpi^ fi> loae: 
H^^ i beace i^-^I hate ^tt peeviih toae. 
Though aim'd at fridi vxA/pisem aloac ; 
And, i^ n^ rhymiog vdn ^11 need 
A bog, rU tou^ tome ^emkr reed«^ 
A fj^I fomething JpApiw.lQ^oiK*^--^ .^ 

Whole 'mildly-plaintive notes are fuch,— * 
Th<^fteal the itiiig fromt y^tothfol grie^ 
ixta&s. to a lov^s fiMil rojie^ 
Ot ific^ i^efi'gn'd didrefs beAow, 
They soake doie fuff 'rer proud of woeb 
•--O, Jtoblie trifling of ihf hour ! 
When. '&ip'^ from dread of Fc«tiiae'a pow'r^. 
I loiter in fome lecrec, ru4e» 
Yej; ibmetlnies broken iblitude,*-* 
Wl^ti^ with a hearty not Ooht to. prove. 
My tneme^s 4eligh£,*-l iiqg of love* 
Hot with bent mow, or raptured eye^ 
Or V' thoughts. commevciug. with tke iky,** 
Sttt is^icUy gay, witk api'rQas guile 
Perfuading thought to ^ear a unile;-r 
Studious awhile, yetaever Knig, 
Kq> lapt nor carele(i a9 my Wkgy 

• Sec Review for February lafti* P- «55« 

f We cani^ot redd the temptation to tranfcribe the lines alluded 
to» above ; and every feeling heart will thank us for them* 

Glan^ng 



•318 MoMTMtY Catalogoi, \AA^^J&4rAir^^ 

G Unci rig at all that Famf (ends. 

And fixing where my heart comniends.— « 

Such be my walk, if Hop* mfpire 

With mirthful notes to touch the lyre ; 

And whetr Fve done the fprightly ta&. 

No wreath of Laord do 1 a&.— 

Be tderc a fmile upon the cbe^k 

Of her, to whom my nombera fpeak % 

And/ while ihe fmiles,— be mine the praiA^ 

Without a bluih, that fmile to raife* 

Or, if more fad toy numbers flow. 

To tell fome fimple tale of woe. 

While yet pe reads, one figh fhall be 

More precious far than fame to me; 

And ending, let. uncheck'd, appear 

The iilent plaudit of a tear. 

« — O ye rude fools, who never gain 
A joy, but from another's pain ; 
Ye bafe, unhallow'd fons of Rhyme, 
" Wh^ ^afte \xi Satirt all your dme; 
Who boaft no powV, who own no iame^ 
But what from idaiUrd guile ye claimf^-« 
Ye little, know to prize the blifs 
Of fuch a jdear reward as this i 
Y.our h^rts could ne'^ the boon revere 
d( fuch. a fmile, of fuch a tear.* 

M la C.E LLANBOU8* 

Art. 2g. TJ/ Jnti^tUs ofRubborou^ and Reeuher. Abrideetf 
from the Latin of Mn Afthdeacen Battely« lalno, ji. John^* 

This ihort accou;it of the ancient ftate of the IfleofTlbanet wIR 
afford amofement to thofe who have a tafte for antiquities. Tb^ 
antiquary mnii, on this fnbje^t, as well as many others^ -be fome- 
limes contented «dth conje^htre; bnt conjedure, to a perfi>n tho- 
roughly engaged in thefe pHnrfuiHv is crften highly fiuhfii^ory. 

Dr. Baitely was Chaplain to ArcbbiHiop Smcroft, Frebendary of 
Canterbury, and Archdeacon of -the Diocefe ; and died in 1703. 
Dr. Terry, Canon of Chrift Church, Oxford, pubtiihed his .^to»fw^ 
fates Rutupina in 1711, and they are now firft tranflated (as we 
fuppofe) by the Rev. Mr. John Lewis, who has added, a ihort 
diiTcrtation on the ancient ports of Richborough atnd Sandwich, 
.which was read before the Society of Antiquaries, O^ 1 1, *«744 : 
in which difiertation he differs, in fome refpefls, At>m Dr. BatteJIj'f 
account. 

The oriRioal of this work is elegantly compofed in Latin, in d» 
form of a dialogue between the Author and his two learned friends 
aiNi brother-chapknns. Dr. Henry Maurice a^d Mr, Henry Wharton: 
But as the dialogue method rendered the rekttioa rather p¥oKx, it 
wa» thought that the tranflation woaM be mote acceptal>le to as 
£rl|gri(h reader, in a fmaller, though kf« claffic form, as a diifetta-: 
tidit, or eiay. Dr. Baitcly appears to have been well acaoaiwed 

with 



MOKTHCT Cat AtOOVZs^ Jip/cellimtHff. ,J^Uf 

if/\th tli^,Greek and Roman Aathors, as well a$ with modern writers 
"in %Very branch of antiqbity; Befide the obfervations which ks 
makes on the ancient Rtculvtr^ and on Rntupia^ or Richborough» 
he gives fome account of the coins which^ in great isumbers* hare 
been found here; and alfo a defcription'ofyE^ir/i^, ligtda^ ffo9n$^ a 
f^igil. or ilefh-forapef, the ta/lft of clafp knives^ Sec. dircovered, at 
theie places, and which were then in his polTeffion. OffbmeoSf 
thefe antiquities a print is added; beiide which, a fmall chart of the 
places mentioned in the work is prefixed to the volume, fiat with* 
oot fiirther remark*, we ihall only lay before our readers the fblai;^oa , 
whkh Dlr. Battel)r propofes of the queftion, how fo many Roman 
coins came to be left in Briuin ? ' Spartian, fays he, relates that 
Pefcennins Niger ordered the foldiers to carry no gold nor filver coins 
to war in their'purfes, Init to lodge them ib the public treafury, and 
afterwards to' receive what they had entroHed, that in cafe of mis- 
fortunes the onemy migBt recei've no part of the /foil. This, I ima- 
gine^ was' an ancient military ^ifcipline, which had been difufed 
long before the time of PkHTcennins, and, when revived by him, did 
not long conttnne ; but that it was rather ufual for t^tx^^ foldi^r* 
whan fetting out fbr a campa^, or at the eve of a battle, to have 
the option of carrving his ei^^ts with him, or of hiding them ii^ 
what place he pfeafed. Afterwards I fup|>olb this to have been the 
pni^ce ofthe Roman army in otir ifland, whenever they were drawn 
out of their camps, or ftiations, to tnake long and uncertain marches 
•gaiafl the^emy ; at which time, in hope of returning ^nd recover- 
ing their property, they depofited their money in the ground : thus 
\sj the treasures of thofe yirho were (lain in battle we are enriched^ 
The fame may be faid of thofe who, being either befieged or dif- 
lodged flrom their ca(He» and towns, had no opf)ortunity to remove 
their money s and this is the teafon that fitch coins are generally 
Ibond near towns and fhitions : in (hort, to the faul events of war» 
to the Aormbg and bnming ofhonfes, towns, and cities, we owe 
great part of oar antiquarian wealth/ We take foave of Dr. Battely^ 
and of. his traofktor, mth obly informing our Readers, that the 
Aathor gives the pakn of antiqility (as to the Romans) to Richbo- 
loagh, in preference to ^ ^er places in Britain. 
Art. 30^ A Di^tmuxTf tf thi Pwrtuguefe and EngUJb Languages \^ 

whmtn the Words are explained in their different Meanings, by' 

Examples Irom the beft Portuguefb and Engliih Writers ; the whole 
' interfperfbd with & gi^^ Number of Phrafes and Proverbs. Bv 

Anthony Vieyra Tra^ftagnano. 4to. ' 2 vols. 2I. i zs, 6d. 
. Noarfe. 

A work of this kind, in wMch the Portoguele and Englifh lan- 
guages are alternately transfofed into each other, in the fame manner 
ju *are our French, Italian, and other Dictionaries of Foreign Lan- 
gaagei, has tong been wanted reA>ecially by thofe who are Engaged 

IB the commercial interco n rffe fttbnfKng between the two nations*. 

_ ^ ■ ' ^ ' ■ <■■-■<> - ■^■. , 

• The inteKourie of die twoiiag^aget u not limited to Enrope • 
The aef:efficy of an acqaaintaoce with that of the Portuguefe, iVy the 
Bnglifh in the Eaft Indies^ and other remote parts of the worid, is 
fiificitntly known. 

. Mr. 



^3iO MqiAtUh'i Cat AioGVEf J£/ulla7uaum 

"Mr. Vicyra's wofk will ik6tefoifi be j)aru?alariy acceptable t» i§ 
siercantBe part of tlie i^iibllc, bot^ id EhgUuid and po^agaL. it 
-v^ill alfo be confidered as ah ufeful accjqilittop to literature in geuend. 
TThe Audbor h a ceacHielr of langu'^ges ^n this capital i and is a per* 
Yon of acknowledged iibilities in his profcfliQn. . . , 

Art, 1i. Old beads on young Sbmdirsf'or^ Youth*a "plei&lg 
* Gjiide to JCnowledge^ Wifdom, aoi .^b^. In a,.fer^af«D» 

B^ing, inllru^ive^ and.eniextaiiung Hi%fi^, 4faw% 
fe'; and rotated iii Cuch a iaaiiner m ^-^oittie tb^yonQg Re*' 
ders, abd convey wfeful Knowledge in |he moh deiig^tfiMii] 



pe^^htd to g^a^d Youtli againll the j^a^et.t&at ^r^gofintilf-kii^ 

tor them at t^eii- firft iet^i^jout in the V^ofid^. b|r ^licvarcitttaot 

. wicked of both Stxe« .; and Sewingtthe ^gerf^t £^M^ lOf-guri^g 

' a Loofe to the Paflioas. Th? ^d^ infmed to difpiio^ -riif 

Aajiablenefs of Virtue* jsind the p.eformicy .of Vice* i« cheflK^ 

ilrikhig Colours; Vaiho. 35. Cooke. .i/!74^ • r; . 

AfVer K> ample an account^.whocaft imtefiaipr^tdoiibiof thetlc^ 

jgatce, fpxrit, or ufe of thia pnbllpaxiop lJt(Con£^^f (bon ^'-" 

tives, under a variety qf}iea4s, aJ^d we.acea^uff^. ^ wtry r^ 



has been taken from real .^^'^fff /« U£f, ^ZA^altbot^^nomi sf-thm 

puBWbed befpre, yet th<j)' )^JDi 1^ ' 
with truth.' The Writer'i defign is, JouutfHibjtedly Qpcip«fi|4abie» 



^en n/er puBljJbed ie/jfre, yeit the)' yfm, l^ fo9n4 &BiQi\y- <Oofiiatf 



his plan in this ^cfpt^ a vei^r goof] one. Ut laboau to 1 
Virtue, and deter from vice ^d mly^ by a/epf«feiin|tJ9^af^O(Ccap» 
fences 10 r/d/ itfe ; though unhappily the i^iuf 9fikh are dnffod oat 
by fancy and fif^lon, will often prove more cagagjiog and inteccftiiqt 
to the youthful heart, . . * - - j ) \. ^ 

That the Aiitl^or is 6};her j^gli^ent qt deft€^i;a p9int:o€t^ 
appear^ Crpm the tltl^ pi^c» as well as^iron^.o^or paru of ^iih& booki 
but the relations he glvps have all a inoralrtendftAicys aqd i»«y^>»kil 
^rbpriety be put into the hande of ycHiii^ pe^bo^ as Ukdy 1^ iiB|ire£i 
on their ininds a re|ard to virci»e and (obciety* , • .. . . < 
Arf. 3:^. The. Frund:. or, EITaya ii^Qro^ivc.md cnCCrtaioin^ 

for Yoiith of ^oth- Sexes ; on the.imoft importaAt StfbjcAa.: fixttt* 

plified with Stories from real tifnl . i U6X^ 3w6d» ^*^gg. 1 77^4; 

We cannot, with certainty, ii^ibrn^ oqr JUad^ ^fhetlnr or. moic 
dll of thefe eifays are colledled from bookti . bnt i^qnc oftlitM we je- 
collect as old acquaintance : the 10th particulafly, wUch is copied 
'verbatim from the RambleK The Editor ought |o have expbrard 
thisniattery in a preface, ox preliminary adv^tifementj butnothiiig 
of thsU kind if (aid, nor any reference made. The eflayi, iHprnti^tTf 
whether originals or tran&ripttr are f retty/ tho' ttoc* i^reat 9 the 
fubjeds are fmporunt; and the lefibnt uiculcated may be ufefal ur 
young Readers* 
Art. 33* New ReJUSIims on the Errors cfinmttid iH Uib S^au 

before and after Marriage. By a yoofig^ Lady» 8vo« n. Uew. 

From the many imperfiedions in the ftyle of chia Writer, we coo' 
dode that flie is a Very, ydung Lady indeed ! Bat Mifs in her Te«!%» 
feems rather too forward to faatck at the hoeonrt of Airthorihtp; 
ihe would, we think, be as afefiiUy -employed ite repairing her 
doUi, and rtgalating the oeconemy of her kaby-hoofe, 

. Art. 



Arts )4. utn^mMifiih h Mr^ Jwut AflinfMt SlfhmtM 
^iMiM^ T^^hiefc i» added Note3» taken from.i^oui 'Aiithx}nJ^ 
■id tfr^iddl Hiakricripts. By T%tmt(b Rdddiitira, M, A. 1 21110; 
u.6$, BcNMii. tditibtirg1ipfMt«d» fiidfold by Iticlurdfdn «yi 
tfraihiri, M L<>iidkfir» 1773; 

TM» fa a i^lMlfltibA df a woit aanp^Mrhf thi inj^nloiti Mr; 
|tiiMaula» tAA \Q Kin prefixed lU «n exptanitory i(itrdd«akni tO 
Ifr. Attderibn'v mfhtUdtit ^coff^t} a book fcMfte, of ^%h pried^ 
M liUMi to "Cie Mt with. Tlie Sditcfr iibfervii, i\tH tKit iftcv^ 
liaidii G6MdUl hAtf Mnltttlfiars dfMidh iaay contHbdee to reM^ 
hio0 cw^iUift f ogififeis «iit^lla▼e comiAolity (frerailisdy in refiM ttt 
•fi^ittttl htttrlctl Mit. Ic g^^es an «cc6ttlit of fl^e aiklqtthy '^ WrH 
iiMy taloe of monef, and prices of provifions in ScottaHrdf il 
iaSfaMr dMM i^ l!te ktoo#Iedge <)f «i^fe)i» he i(ay«, !» ntore tbail maher 
of fltre cil^Cf » a*d f^tifstt, he hop^, Mb ormfllttiok Wilt Vik 
be tti^acoqptaMe to the pablic. 

Mr. Anderfoa was Writer to fHe Signet. The4rft and prinaJMl 
iMfibar dihkh^dk, coatatas^i Q>ecimM[ <^ felc^ cbatt^f^ ;tfraiteBa 
0r Ofdared' by the KingS) tn* other p/ivicipal aaen of dcDtiandy frooi 
ihf jeAr^of the chriftnn 0ra 109^ to 14129 oontinWed isi regdar 
Older., it .was Kfn AndttHbn'i cMtt xaesthibk rhe 'ipepiamtt he ooU 
lededi formed as like the writing of the originals as Was poAUef 
and to give, on the oppofite fid«, copiiu xff tins origiMs ^preftd in 
SQCkKnachartata. But left it fkoM be ikid, that badrbariftst dooA 
JQ die wiy^of the oie of charters tidng^ iBoner hftrodaced Sarong the 
CfitttSk, Mn B4iddtmaf^ takes 4omt patoa to proVe, that thii c^m 
fi^vailed long before the time ot Dancati it. or the JN^ir: 10941 
his argdotent, however, confifts. of' probabUiciei and co pj edtre, 
wUck are not ttrf fi^fa£lary » Utif it tlk imrt^ andeed if utj great 
iewoitaafQ. 

Hit #oco«ifit of the attlitf of chartera^ or other inftramentiy whicH 
m$£y fidl nfioer the tenil d^iMUUa, uv^ juR ; ki hefide tbepHm^^ 
bene&t of ttefe^ ancient wntbgs for determining or focuring right aM 
Iwopmy* tkajr kate a fiscoaidarjr nfo for fopportii^ the t?isth jOt 
himff9 and cofreftingiits errors; of ^likh M advantage he related* 
leveral initences in the ScOtiih hiftorf • 

; A$ Ae Js^xrr par^of Mr. Andarfoii?sia<tfoiis work treats of Scotcit 
fotis and couis^ Mr. Rnddiman proceeds to a carefolconftdsrarioaof 
thefo particulars. He ^^qfiires Jow anciffirt the ute of coin was 10 
dcotlaiid, what wga^ th^ valoo^of thj^ir taMPp what thiihstp^of theil^ 
<^na^ what db^ir yalue and condition at different periods* H^ haa 
added tables to ^e;w* l^pw many nmneral podods, flAiliogs, and 
^enoiea.dcota^ we^e coieed,oiK oif one poand weight of goro, atid 
out pf one real pound weight of fi}ver» at different times^ with th^ir 
Intrinfic finen^ * Prom chefe tables, he obferves, it a»ay eafily foe 
Qilder^ody how mach, not oply the unlcarnpci vq^oTy bat even 
leafnei^'aod fe^&ble meni have t:!]qqdf£td fo ^gifg^fly in aim* 
pitting the valoe of oar ancient money ; who, whei^ they foand ft 
iiicat^iied.in old wridng^^ or be^ ^ report, thutr for ^example, a 
Bod of wheat was valued. atun* tw^vci^TaurteeDy^.iccu pennies^ 
hQpp aiflago^pf winf at two.ptednies, ;} hen at pcie haifp^nny j imr. 
sbediately tttink,; that th^ inu-infrcralas-of thefc denominations of 
KBv. Apr- 1774* Y money^ 



3tt BAoNt^VCATAtOOVB, i^^^Mli; 

Bioiief» Wat the tune at now a^days: alat ! ci^ thejry wliat agtd| 
ftaraiff nf asmtf tnuft have been among at m tbofe dayt, whet 
thiiig«» fi» dear sew, mighthare been bo^t Ibc fo finaU a Dike, 
Bnc ft^ whtt hat been abpye fee ferth» k it clear» that thitgs 
ware qake otiierwi{e ; and, particolarly* that the penny, the fluUugi 
and the poond, in the time- of David 1. and br a long time dim- 
gAer» was ^rty-fix timet, in Jamet Pt time, eighteen timet, if 
Jatet li't time nine timet, in qneen Mary's time doable the ntal 
9im^ that the iiune d c non H aaoops are of incriadc value at dii 
day».of did exceed in .that proportion the weight of bnllion.' T^ 
Biake this more dear to the reader^ ho has given another table, in 
which the ancient pricet of fome things are rednced to cheii^ valotia 
WKlern money. 

• On the .whole* iwe think, there are feveral entertainbg and ia- 
fcttdHvo Qhfervationt in thit performance, which may not only aadt 
the andqoary, but prove of feme real afe in regard to hiftory*— pam« 
cnlarly ue biftory of the Soottiih coinage. 
AcL 3S« 'Tbi WinOr AdidUy: Or, Amufement for the- Fife* 
Side. • Containing a canons Cdlle6tion of entertaining Stories, 
' -iniereftiog Novelt, remarki^le Tales, carious Anecdotea* Eflajf, 
All^oriet, Vifiont, and, feled Piecet of Poetry, Ice. iiino. lu 
Snagg. 1774. 
- Good, whelefiNne kitchen -literature. 

Alt* 36. A Litar to Gvuirmr Pownali Jbiwing^ pa/i a P^- 

•iH^ tfUii^ nfiUid, mdfenct the cvMtimuid high Price •fBrud'tiL 

■ theUinpeks^ri/estmndfmmiwgwt aRiimfy, The whole founded 

wpon Thith, and worthy the Attention of die Public By oaeii 

the Secret* 8vo. it. Pridden. 1774. 

kit well known dut there ate fecrett in 4k// profbffions ; aodtkt 

^nibrtion may be hanirded^ that thcfe fecreti do not relate to the moft 

iMiQvaUe ptaftinet in mt^ profefion» Every market is governed by 

itf cofw-jobbert) and thefe justot have thdr fecrtct at wdl at ftock- 

jobbert. The iiBcreCt betraved in thit pamphlet, are the artt ma^ 

oft of by diecontradort who fapply the government with com, to 

keq> op the price of- wheat at London. The connefHoot of the gca- 

tleman to whom the letter it addrefied, and the peculiar attention he 

has beftowed on the f«bje6l| will enaUe him to judge of| and pfoit 

by, tho hints contained in it< 

ScHooii Books. ' '« 
Art. 374 A Pradical lotrodudioit to Arithmetic; Cbnutntog 
Arithmeric of Whole Numbers, with Vulgar, Decimal, andDao- 
decimal Fractions. To which is added an Appendix of DireAtoui 
and Examples for Receipts, Promiflbry Notes, Bills of Exchangt, 
Billt of Parcels, Bills of Book Debts, and Letters ; with varioas 
EzercHct on the fame. By Charles MarihaJl, Mailer of Alder%ue 
Wafd School, and Author of a new Spelling Book« an4er die 
Title of. An Introdndioa to the Engliih Tonjrae. laftM. is, 
. WiUne, &c. 

Except two or dirce books of arithmetic of fupcrior note^ the «!• 

of which diere are many, can fcarcely be thought obieas o? ti^a» a^ 

tendon : nor indeed docs diere appear to be any call for new^oS^cat^ 

. 5 ^ aa 



MonthlV Catalogve, icbcol BoHu 3iJ^» 

'%h the coQiiQOiiMalesy which mxt the fune :in^«ll of xktm% h^yoxA th« . 
cinnxmHance of their bfiog advemicnentt*^ chMnftor tema ichool- 
jnafters. In courfe, it will fuBice-todedftre, that thei0<U noching in. . 
Mt^raaicallnirtduaion that will diicrtdit Mn Mariudl^ abihiict 
10 his profcffion* • - ^ . 

Art. 38. A new DiSionary of Fmiish Idioma : being a fcieft 
ColledHon of fevaral thoitlimd Idiomatkal Phrafes, moft uAiKlin 
the bell French Writef«* with the Rnglifli adapted. > £(|MUf * 
neceflary for all who are leahiiiig< the French Laagtiage, whether 
in a Scbq61 or by, private AppUcatioo/ By A. De TreiiofrsQs» 
Teacher of the. FieiM^h tian^ui^e at Mr.* CottonV Asa^^vecfi at 
En^ld. lamo* , is. Harns. 1773* 

In Hudyipg aiiy lan^age ouich more ia reqnired than leafabg^ 
n^e^el^ the words of which it cooiiila. There are peoaliar medes oT 
combining and adapdng them, which are teamed the idioms, and 
which are chara^eridical of the laftgoage., Colledionft of ktxh 
phr^ies are of great, uf^.in &cilitating the underAanding of Writcrs»- 
and in acquiring that ^yle which is nece0ary to a &Qe aad intimate 
know^dge of any tongue ; and this confideration is iitQoieBt to re- 
cbinniend the preient Uttle inaaaal of F/ench idioms. 
Art. 39* The PrxiSi'ual Grammar \ or an eafy Way to iiiider- 
^nd Englifli. In which the Rales a«e laid doMrn sa a .Manaef 
entirely.new ; and the whole rendered fo eafy, familiary and enter^ 
taining, that a Child of^only eight Years of Age may -be peefedly 
initiated into a Knowledge of the £ngliih Tongoe, with the 
^eateft Expedition and Pleaibre. To which is added, A Poetical 
Epitome of Grammar, for the Help of Memory. With aSapple- 
ipent^ containiqg Examples of bad EmgUjS^^* to be turned tato g^dp 
. nvith the^W oppofite, in order to iUoiirate every Rale of Syntax^ 
or the CompofitioQ of Sentences; and a .ihort.Bagltft Qramsnar 
on the Plan of the Latb* for the Vk of ,fiich as are defigaed for . 
the $tudy of that Language. By Thomas Smecham, Mailer of the 
Academy at Sottthgate, and late Ma^r of the Boafdiag School at 
Ponder^sEnd. izmo. is. 6d. bonpid. J. Cooke« i^74« ^^ 

We wi(h Mr. Smetham had been lefs prolix in fecttag out his 3 
bin df fare, as fuch tedious eacomiuma ffom a Writer's own pen» 
do not generally convey the moft favouiable opinion of an Author** 
Sefide» his book appears to ustohaveibmeoierity and therefore not 
ao need the aid of fui;h boafling.. He fpeaka highly indeed of our 
muive language* w^en he iays, ' In tJneEngliOi are happily united, 
the empha^icai expreflipn of the Hebrew^ the fublimity of the Greek* 
ahe'majefty of the Latin, the foftncf$ of the Italian, the noblenefs of 
the Spaniuiy find the policenefs of the French. Befidtfs it is npt fo 
oonhned as the Hebrew, fo irregular as the Greek, fo nneqoal as the 
LAtin* fo effeminate as the haliaoj b precifcas the SpaaiU)* nor ib 
▼olatile'a? the French.' 

Our language' has, without dpubt* great excellencies and advan* 
tages, but whether it fully anf^yers to the above panegyric* let the 
IcarncddcteVmine." 

Tiie roles here laid. down appear to i^s, pertjoenty. ufeful, aad eafy > 
they difer'from the methpds obfcrved in other grammars, and ii^ 
fiime refpeds feem to have an advantage over them, l^ut the com« 

V a milting 



}|4 MoHtHtY CATAtOGXJEjTantJCal ' 

aJutdg diU b ^ ^th«p f ulm feoncfliu^ry^ wUI no^ be^gtoidj; beoeficU 
to«dmdy«liti»fr^ioliftwhDJttv^.|iie,cajccQf hueaac^ (eetfaat 

thty mtfommimttMiMM.X0 he cicpJmedaad applied ; And for this 
p trp a fe .*Ac mm mf lt n ofM Ei^M toko ^iirac4 iaio good^ kixf 
prove a benttciai eseicift^ 

Ve'teH 'Ariy obfine iMidiMV tbtt Mr» $iBe«lM« lias taken con- 
&HrMit ptiu ia cMapUbg. $kit grammar ickxc lu ;. and (hau job 
the wlwtoy. If faw ra l nyi ia M d .ft b» oC^ifiB, . . 

Potttflk^AU 
' Art. 40, ?%r Alntrkan^ €nfa $ a Letter addrefled, by Per* 

anifflod* to A« Bail' Ookmr*, Lopd fteident of riia Coondl, te* 

arc Sec. on dte prel^nt alanojag Difti^baacea in ihe Colonies. 
"Vl^hereni Tsrrioas inpovtaQC j^oima reladve to Plaaation AAri 

are brought into Difcafian ; at tvall at fetepal Perfect adveitfldto»' 
*of the mdl: dHlinginflicd Cfaaradesi. And aa Idea ia QjRmi 
' tov^atd a complece Plan for riftoring the Dqwntfaoce of America 

upon Graat Britain to a Sat^ of Perfeftiotta By Wilitam Al|eiift 

Eia; 8va. IS. 6d. Cadril. ijjjl. 

^ Aodionf before the^r write^ ihonld mad*^-~iv«a enee deeowd not 
dh DuneceiTarf piece of advice; and we think it mM not iatpend^ 
neodf be extenoed to Pacroot : wJw»». if they would take due ^art oT 
their owa fame, fliooM read the Mmk befeie th^ permiJE the iMK- 
^e//Mr. 

Belt it an inftanee of the ill c^nieqaenee etf* not adheriar to this 
role. Lord O. xxtuMf did not perofis Mr. Allea't treatife befeie 
he graoted permtffiio for the pobitc meatisin of hia name, as the 
Pauonhscr of the performance. His Lordfliip's nobler featiae9iti» 
we well jtoovr, are by no means oon^adble with the arhicaarp pnp- 
ciplet of thfa faot'^haaded Audnr^whofecavalierinanner o^actaci(* 
log his foUow^fubieAs of America, reminds ns of theihrewd poKli* 
cian hi tie new»pepa w , whopnypofcd that we fliould Hi the 
ColoxiiAs, with Mtkm lands, te. to the French or Spaniaids,.«Ao 
he fttppbftd wdidd give at keH two nsllions tarlieg for them; a fom 
which, la he wiftly and well oUerved, woald go an hondrrdtk part 
of Ae wa^ towarda dMduvgeof thevaitonal debt* 

Ther^ is sn unhappy afic^ation of fine writing ia cius.pampblei } 

and it contains mao^^tUibenl pnftgei : but any pertieolar attODlsM 

to them.wonld be doing honour to a performance whieh wili jrefleft 

• noae apoi&iti Aethor. ^ ^ ,. 

Art. 41. A BfiifRmew ^ iU lUJi and Pngr^Ji^ Ssnuu^ earf 

^ufifinp^ »f'Ntn$0 Bs^i&M^ e^k£^ the* Ph>vsnce of Nfafihcha- 

fet^s Bsv. fftmbly fimtdtttd ce theConfideratipaof bodi Honies 

of PaHnident. Bvo. ' 6di : Bockland^ . i774»* 

Contflhisu very dtc^M, aiHN tonll appenranoe, a: Kf^ fair and 
ioipamat'ftate ofTaftlr^- Aat'mgbt aohwre dne atteiHiofi p^d to 
Acm. •• • '• «^ ' 'V.. . . 

Art. 42. Coiaaflftri iif^t^ dlaifi IbveSrgation 6f ili$t SuUi^; 

wiA zX^iQmi^^ VMMA^'fkii^QbmiAeHMtVlm of onr.klolo- 

kue8.'.;\^tq, 0» Wbthtrtoii,"&ei ^/74v. . '..- . ^ , 

We baim6e'St£bbvi6^tiiyy--titft«' (ftddghtS' <ff ptindplet xft^ddb-fliert 
perfdrmto'ce that may md'io dtct^ tUe ^tiKkm ofrdght' between 

the 



MOKTHLT Cataloou*) FiStiofL 3t$ 

^pother ooQBCry and ker colonics ; or that may add (trength to tie ' 
pittenfipns of tither fide by valid argiunenti^ Tbe.Wfjc^iMl^^ii 
9bc^ arguing; ht didhites ind afems, f«lior*lMfii4hDiiii4ilif9fel}M4 
' p]fov^ ; and (taaips the pofiHoUt hetayi down wkb krftott^ayUiMi^ . 
t^iare his Readers ii^to aflent. ToM thcfc chains may not b» |e- ^ 
totfpti a Specimen of bit matter and manner h fubjoined ; 

' Who then hath ihaintained or doubted that Taxation and He- 
presentation go not'togethct^ Tbir ftorEnefs of the fentence and ihc 
alliteration after Tmm znd i v f rt^Mi baub brougbt it into vogue ; bn£,.^ 
IQ ti;iith9 it is nomorey* than onoof thofe probleins, in the beginning 
of la Scholar's book, which he^ wbo.reads, allowc* Touching tl.e 
fuBje& of North America beio^ or not being reprerenced among 
Uf.-r— *Shoald a mort/pitific leproientation be thought neceHary to 
fXk people, let ii take place. But» fiippofuig che preient reprefenta* 
tionr not faffictently* ample tt> exterior idea, it cannot foHpw from 
tltenoe that there ft NO fubftantial repreieittation at all. Can it be 
fiM that any iadivldnal of the reHkiiy which the Laws defend (and 
they defend eyftry fubfed in everv part of it) U NOT reprefented in 
the |[at any timej formally and duly colkded body of the people 
ftSbnbled in Parliament here /— Jt-cannoc wiihout an e<)ual degree of 
Mtf and treachery. The Laws of £i^and are (landing Laws for all 
t%e fubje£ls of this Empire, and, as long ai ParJiamcni holds the 
ghardianfhip of thQ(e Laws, it reprefents all the people^ whom chey 
rule 1 They, who aiRrt that there is NO Reprefencaiton of the Ame- 
ricans in Parliament here, are not aware of what they fay ; Por» were 
ii ib, onr brethren riibjd^ tihere cannier now be repFefcnsed, with* 
eiit Ii violation of the Confticntion,; in its moE tender part—the 
ptoft. But the &d is, THE SUBJECTS of thia Emmre, fram 
tStnorci^ to Otabeitee, AR£ ALL Klftually rcprelenieo, aJIerted, 
Ibpported aiid defend^ (among tbei BdiiHi Pcopk) IN PAHLIA* 
lf£NT« ' ' ■ , >, 

. ^ IF we are wiie^ aatbnai vinne wjUl do tiwiii(i)rkaf ieli^p/e$pation 
dtt all hands: and, when a more ^eci£c;», or^eqnal inode fii ekflti^a 
takcf place for the jKople, fenfiUe and hoAoft mieo wi^' remember 
tluit when Ibrty- five Members were s^ded tq a gr^t donntilii the'- 
tb1Ae of that body was diebiiitated by i|s e;^^iion«-^ ^ i • - 

How much is the nation indebted ca this Alexander, wno can (6 
etfly untie thofe Gordian knots that have puazled, onr Stateiipenjbr 
fbfbeyefrs'paft! 

^rt« 43* Anurita vlnJ&iaHi frtnm tbi higb> Ch^gi 9f Ingrathud$ 

mltRiUM9ft: fHtksPkn of-iiegiflciiea; piopoicd to the Confix 

dieration o^ bochr ^0n&s» yftr eteUiAing n perm^cm and folid 

• f mmdntioo^ >r a jnft and coaftttniioMii Uns^ bctwf en Great 

Pcittta and bet polonifes^ 9y a Fri«nd to botii.Coni^triesc , 8vo» 

la^ I)«vikeiprMMBdU'a|id.£MbgrBidkyrv Ac. in London. 1774^ 

Written by a warm ^Uvapatj^t^tthoAikifma^ wbo premies that 

Ik iite conftitution fhoold be confirmed -to North America fin^Iar to 

4m of Ireiand^; dMt ^ tjaini of toaim^^vcr it ilioald be re* 

nmfnctd; aad tktt their frtedom ftoiiJ^ })e gnarantied againit all 

fiMdn invaders. He. rccommieodi^ tkit #IiOrd Lienteftant fhonld 

icpiWBt the Kinrf there^ .nod lefide ii^a (oioral province; and that 

% PnrlliMtft* llMdd'l^. foraed tixe^ fo^ ^^menil porpoies of 

y 3 legiilsttioa 



31^ Monthly CATAtootjt; Nhvils ami'Hifmnrs, 

legiflation and taxation, tompofed of Depolies from tbc fevcrkl P«v* 
vincial'AiTemblies. Indeed, taking all clrcumftances into view, it 
, might be happy if mutual harmony could be reftored by uniting 
thoie feparate governments, iirft formed for the regufatioh of fioaU 
bodies of adventurous lettlers, on fome dtfrabTe plan, to operate for 
the reciprocai Hrengtfa and profpcriCy Of the rtry dUMt para of Ite 
Sdtifh empire. 

DRAWfATlC. 

Art. 44- AISXTAOT nP0\*HeET2 AESMftTHr, eumSLm^ 
lei ana Virfiane^ Scboliis a, ft (et y ineditis) amplij/ttfu/qia variorum 
Not is ; quiius fuas adjecit^ uecnoH Scholia Je Metro ^ ac ^n^licama^ 
Interpretdti^nm T. Morill^ S.T.P. S. S. R. et A.$. 
Efchylus'* Prometheus Capii'vus. By Dr. Morell, 4.10. ip j. 6Af 
fewed. Longman. 17 73. 
The Prometheus Captivns of Efchylus is one of the moH ftriking 
monuments of genius that has been tranfmitted tp U9 from antiauity.^ 
The inimitable ftrength, and ardour, (o peculiar to the great rather 
of the dramif never more glorioufly appeared than in this trag^/ ^ 
ioo^uch attention, therefor^ cannot be paid to it, nor too much 
light thrown upon it. 

' For, founded on the dcepcft myftcries of the ajiclent mytholo^'» 
it is difficult to draw it from its depth, and reduce it to the plan of « 
rational aa^ fVHematic moral. This difficulty, on account of the 
Idfs of two other tragedies, with which it wai conne6led to make a 
whole, is' rendered almoft infuperable, and appears too hard a tafi; 
ibr the fagacity and abilities even of M. De Gebelin himfelf| to 
whofe conllderation, however, we recommend it. ^ 

Dr. Morell's care and diligence in what he has here done, merit 
our regard» and his blank verfe tranilation, though not impregnated 
with the ^e of Efchylns, ma^ be nfefui to fchool-boys ; oat when 
Id is defircd upon the addreffes of Jupiter not to ** kick and mjtce^^ 
the c;ood old gentleman feems to have forgot that ihe was a cow | 
fbr ftch* arc rather the properties of a mare. 

Aft. 45. ~ The South Briton ; a Comedy of Five A&s : As it i| 
performed at the Theatre in Smock- Alley t, with great Applaufe« 
Written by a Lady. 8vo« is. 6 d. Willisuns. 1774, 
When we cannot, with a proper regard tp truth, p^y a compli- 
ment to^ lady, we genWaily think it our duty to be fllent^ 

• .Novell- anJ M £ m o z a. ^* 
Art. 46. The Fortune-Ttlkr. iMio. a Vols. 6 s. Bcw. 1774. 
Thefe 4ittle Niamey are diiliagixiflied by^ a vein of good ienfe aad 
morality, winch rans through the whole performance, and Mttdcrs it 
far from b^itig wanting etthtr ia eotertionniieat or im^ntwciBeat* 
The JU0; aft4-lpi med obfemration? which the Author maket, 'and the 
excellent advice which he gives to the diffisveiK porlbns who Mn to 
know their future delliny^ remhuk os of Dodiity a Toyfhop ; nor 
are the generality ^f his te^eAsons inferior to thofe whidi are fband 
in that pleaiing^ pcrforonince. la a word, our FortaneaeUer, at the 
ftme time that ha takes advaatage^f the weakaeTs of thofe who are 
y ' — ' 1 ' ■ — i ■ 

4 It \Y2s alfo aflejl one nighty this mootbf at Covcat Car4ciu 



lb imp^tot to m into hVixity, to relive his oivn wanti» eadoi- 
▼onrs^fo render tn^ confidence in the ftars of real and eflenfial ftr* 
ince to them in the future part of their lives. ' ** 

ArL 47« ^i School for Hujbands. Written by a Lacly. ^flino. 

* , ^ ?.yols. 65. Sew. i774« 

, As the Indies are generally ackdO\y]edged to be foperlo^ to onr lex 
in all works 0/ imaigination and fancy, we doubt not this' i;^ deemed 
a fnfiicient reaibn for placing their names in the title-page of many 
a dull, lifelc(s ftory which conuins not. one fiogle femsde idea, bot 
has been hammered out of^the brai'iilcrs'head of a Cruhftree^ hire* 
ling. We ^uote not, however, the prefent work as *afl inftance of 

Shis impofitiQn,.nor do we doubt, ftoffl n^any of .the icenes which it 
elMbes, the fmdlity of its Author. The? flory is'livtm Mnnal^ 
MdlElMuig; well told, and free from thofe frequent epilMes -which 
mi lo often intrddueed- in works of this kind, -and^hich are tibo 
much for eren the patience of a Reviewth ' ' ^ ' -^ 

Jjk. ^af. t^ orphan Swaintj or, London cotittogion^ t6 the 
' ^untry. A Norel.' By a young Llibierdne Reform^di 1 smo* 
Ti'VpU.^ 5 t:\8oagg. . /' ', ^ ' ' \ '\ ^ 

« Thefe Orphhtf Si^iltis lu-e introdneed io the world jn tmy nealJ 
Ibroce pocket iro^ines^ but like many bther well dt^ft'cpi^nft^s/ 
their are tbtally v^ of fenfe or (bn'tiTQentl^High-flowh profe, amt 
grovelling verib. compofe this ridiculous peifortnrfhce. ' * « ^^ • • v 
Art^ 49. pff Hifltdj rfL9t4St0im: Vols. IV.arid V.' limo; 
6s. Vernor. * 

' The account which we gave of the former part of this work ia 
Our laft Review, wilietcule our again entering into its merits ^ we| 
caitnot however help thinking, that tllefe addiuonal volumes are in* 
ftrior to the former; ei^ecially the 4tb, which appears to be ipunr 
out, merely to enlarge ^e work. 

Art. 50. Thi News^Paper H^edilttg \ or, an Advertifeaient for 
. a Hofband. . A Novel, founded on Inddenu which arbfe in confe- 

* auence of an Adverti(^ment that appea[red in the Daily Advertifert 

* fnlyzQ, 177^9 including a Number of original Letters on tho 
Subjed of Love and Marriage, izmo. 2 VoU, 6s« Sna^. 1774^' 
This curious colle^Uon chiefly confifts of a number of ridiculous 

Itoers, fup^fed to be fent to the^publiOierinconfeauenceof the 
above-mentioned advertifement ; \ht wl^ole appears to be a mod un*. 
jpeanipg catch-penny performance* 

Art. $U Tbt Trinket. A Novd. By a Lady, iioao. 3 s. 
Lowndes. 1 774. 
If Mr. Lowndes has taken the trouble to look over this novel, .he 
muft hate bought the Lady very extrava^^ant in this Trinket of heirsf 
at (he has crowded JfHytMd f/$t enough in the laft twenty pages, to 
have formed, with the lead degree of management, another whole 
Tolumeofthis valuable fpecies^ writing. ' 
C o o K s It Y. 
Art. 52. 7i# Royat Co6k^ or thi AMtrn EHjmt4 rf tbi TahkL 
difplayed with Accuracy, Elegance, and Tafte ; Being a full and 
exa£t Defcription of the Manner of dreffing and ferving up the 
Royal Dinners at St. James's, Buckingham Houfe, I^ew, and 
Cunnerftory; witb thf like Particulars at the fioirii;i of Glo^. 
' Y4 m%^ 



pcftcr »i|iCu^b^rUiid- Tq^hicli if ^4f4> *?C50«M»^.^ 
. Mode of living at MorthamWlaiDd ana SIqi^ l|p)p»» A)awipk« 
Cadle, ice As alfo the ^ft^iona))le Style of <)^ing the Tafaik^ 
^ aU t^ principal j^qbilky ^^ Gentry^ ¥pxp^Amh9£Uion^ 
and Minifters' of State* l>bth npon P<^b\ic and pnvate Qccaftoai, 
. Amon^. thpfe tttriQO) and necciury Partica]fMrif qf f|(hiojiab)e Xo- 
firmauqn. is intcrfperfqd a neW and poUtCi bf(t ui^r^OM ^p4 
i^ngal CcdlcAion, fbonde^ d^n Exp«riefnc«» qf the y^rybd t^r^- 
. tumi for goio^ to Market. By the Hqn, £|fr^ Pei^ingtofl^ ^f 
. |pBafiii|iton. t2mo. is. 6d. Siuig^* 
>f^faidTitle.p^I 

* L ^ w. 
j^ $3f /friafi/eHPi^ Fines y to which ^4^4s4 fofnq fweral 
. OhfeTT%t}oii4 on the (f^itiw of D(»4s l^»g» liu» M)m« d« 
pfes qf Fines im^ Re<g(v^i^. , Qy JaOKH^^ S^^tH^lIf £«|l ^anttw 
at Law. 4to. 5 s. FoJwg(by... 177,3, 

A uei^ on aoy iiftbje^ jnoS he . fu^apqd ifjiUlM^ Incite 
if^uCUoQ of the 9ninf9ffQ/^| h^t U is worthf f ic^D>ayk». tM^ i»nf 
01 oojr law-boo|^, perhajpt /rom fNolicy. (^Q.im<4 ^0^A diffstiaf 
]<K^ iFiU>«v^ge beyond ^f limiu or thp 'pfoS!|iqi) a^ ohfewe^ 
f^ven to the ftndent, and pj-e^me mofpp} 1^ aig^y Im^^tU^ 
M^tjto )^ ftpppfed. . Jl^, tnua hffw OS w f f rwofe oa iMS4 lifl 
what H a fine ? {t n^ay, ^ ^nrv^^red^ ^ytxj u^>er I^noisff w&at aiuae 
is ; atyi thf ^cfiojt^n i;i ,the irlli f^mmjp^ a^y iod^ be intcUi-* 
gible^to a lawyer : SuVaa ^tt^xii^j^f ^I^V ^'' ^ Rodent in any of bos 
Sans of cpt^t, can i^yf^o intuiuva knowledge rof the liihyBO.; kd* 
«>re prafliipp or /eading rep4^r it fim^ilfar to tbeqi. It were tlicf^^ 
kh to have been wifbea that the'Author had not thou^tU below 
^ noucc, to'haye prcmUcda n?oic clear expUiution oTthls «htni& 
tfarrfafdpn/ and the fi^iohupon wnick it i$ fog^ndM. (or the; fcrvfcci 
c^thofe who moCiwufff, fu^i K^^^h avwcUas tore^er tbfrwoi^ 
itfcirmorc finilhe^ as'ac&npofition. 



'^The Yqbjefl of fines is copioqfly treated in the |aft edition qf 
Jacob's XawBiflionary by Ruffhead apd Mojrga^; an4 It nped not 
be interpreted to the difadvantage of the prefent p^rfom^anoe^ when 



ft is '^eclared to be very little more thant^^ article Cpmc.what < 
pUfiefi); in(;ludin? proper' cxtrads from tho(e ilb^tat^ lifting tBf 
fi9Cj> which are foofcly referred to in the former worit* 
Religious and CoNTRoyEBsi/y,]^ 
^rt. Sftr.^TV divine Cborf^tr •} Chrifjcortfidirij (n^d^yh^tli/nifd^ 

in a'lenes of t)jaIogiips^ on th^{ injQQi^ng and impottaiii Siab^ 
. je^ In which ^e many fcriptuxal Evidences of the I>eH>* oEoor 

\jor6 are fairly exhibited, and the various Objedions ihrown out 

acain/i it^ nartipularly in ibnije }ate Fuhiic/itionit^atteoipcM'te i4 
^ ojBviated. JBy Joho $£auon. i2mo. 1 s, ^(L Leeda, Piiateo* 

Sold by Rivlngtoti, *c. In U>pA9n' .... 

X^at nuipbers of boaksamf ^inpbleti has tku Ut)c& pfodooed^ 
and ager al(^ the. point remTns a^'dTtputaUe.^^ ^ver I ^any of Jth^ 
jl^eatifes wjiich it hfts ocpilonpd, on each Ad^ of jtbc qaeftion^have 
been written with a very goo^ deilign, Bfid f^vfralof then with can- 
dour and tamper s. while others h?ve appeared to Bow from a naRoir, 
pigoued party-fpiritj and nave \^fcoycre4 th^ lanoonc and Wt* 

terne0 which muft fttrely be ^orfe tion any mi^ke ^ to a staCter 

^ . ............ ^ 



pf fidth yUppiiiiop. Mr. Qeaifon't tnea^ife we would wSim^^^ji^ 
^itti ^ft oTtl^c firft cla(8 : it .^ppcani fo t« * )y/5ll »caiit.^tt^|ftp| ; 
)Hit u notbing new is adde^^tp whaj^ J^as l)eei& j-jepc»i^^)^|ifil^ifl9^ 
rtc debate remains in the. fai^c ftate as bc^xc;.. ThJR.bpftir^lplilBe 
tbit the Autbor U bimfelf uns6ed in wbaM* ter^^tbfB <y;t^ptor 

lbcmf^ns,i^)v^Uasthey XeabJe, ftQpa^tlwSgapiuwi. ^^' ,:. ,i 
, The Wril^ Jl^as cbofcn tp (W^v^f bia fopti^icf^fa ii^ xlir J5prmHtft« 
;ditlpgae» H&cb thoiigb it m^y, be fi^tlin^t ipoise wn^ »n4<4i9r 
£aginjpf>tliaA. tbat of » contij^u^d difcoiirie, i^X^ (i^Uf tp qb|^fi^ns 
iTpeaally wbfA the dialc>g^c tpqis qd (Ufpatc^poiiits; Unix the di^ 
patents are equajly in tbe Author's power, ao^ he may j|we tbq vlc^ 
tp^.is(i!y%h lit ateafes; In the inHhOBrhepQtt us, PhilAQthttipoa, 
>vbo tpgagef-pn die orthodox fi.de>, is Milbtig ftppofcd to be plead- 
^d^^tiuieof- trudiy and Neopbytus, as be » called, appears like 
one in an eizor, wbo ptopofes hi^ armaments with Jkrlc llreTigtb, h 
(atitk Tt{dndg and fpeiidily brouj^t oyer to the opmion which the 
^riiriKi^fto^ to etofcliih. 

<^»i4ttiiltinrex olijeC^H^ miy lie agaj^ft. hi$ performance^ Mr, 
hfwdot^Aa^i^ tbikt ^ fhbbld any peHbn in a ^I, dlfpaiTiQAatc* ^ 
l^id^^badiMmi-iiM^ta&a^r;. endeat^oor t6 conirin<!e bim th^i any of hii 
ai(gilraeittt( aia not properly fopppited, all due attenttcn wili be girem 
tn^w^^ U Olid I aa be, is periuaded^, that no fincere ent^utr^r after 
tmtli will ad in A> difingenufius a inanner, a9 to take advaj^iage of a 
4agteifeitfffice» which u\^y pprhgps be left u^goarded, fin^ np 
inereiy bn^WA.aiithoir can plead an entire exemption from errors.* 

If we: have appeaip^ to fpeak with any degree of hefitation ifk 
tbev^be^uimjig' of tbis ajftiqle^ at to the book*s being written wUb a 
pi n tt ii a ii ipifit, it has arifes principally from what we meet with ia 
jthe-CBtranmt 09 the dial^ogue, where Neopbytus intimates, tbat bis 
|dilKsoltiet were gieat^ occafipned by a trad then in his band fmb* 
fcril^edt 4 ^^^ tf ^h Q^Jh^' Philanthropos imm/:diateiy repliep» 
^. a iQVtr of the goipel, and deny die divinity of our Lord I it taiiely 
jcannptbe. He inav, i will a)low, love what the Apoftle calls a^thir 
g^pft^ bat be cermniy cannot love the gofpel of tbe grace of God** 
7bi^ ill we tbink^ rather prefamptuous» confident, uncanciid^ and 
iiafaitfble to the plt>feffioni of the preface, as well as to fome,pthei 
paxts of tbe treatise. 

Art. 55« Fra and €ifn£i Rmarh on a Sermon pna^bid on 4 

^ fuib (iaafim, if th^ Riv. WiUiam Graham, A- M. intitle^ 

^^ Repentance the only Condition of final Acceptance.'* In a Letter 

to the .Author* Qy George Haggerilon. 8vo* i s. Buck^d^ 

fbw doi^oia differ^ and di? tnes di&gree \ Tet, all die time« if 
tbey df^y midcsftood each other, their tneaniag would, often b# 
jEbasd nearly the fame. Mr. Graham infifts, that repentance ax)4 
pbedieoce ant the fm4ffi^s of fbrgivepeis and eternal bappiaefs* Hif 
iaotiigQliilkai^ws they are nHeffkry^ yet thefe gentlemen appear tQ . 
think' themfelvfs widely diftant from eacb btber in their fentiments 
Qo tb^ fttli^a. WhSe eacb allows tbe neceffity of repentance an4 
obedience^ *^^ "^r^ ^^ allow, without dopb^« ike neeeffity to ^very 
perfoo ol tbatnMn^ 6r tfa4t^riirr,;oSefed'iat|iej|prp«l ^ lyhy tb^ 
^oolc) tbcy cottcead \ In feme itfeedl Aey to^vj ^U wi^n^ a dif* 



5 JO Monthly CATXtoouBi RtEglmr^ Vt^ 

fcretit opiiiioiii or there ma/ be niftakes on each fide ; bnt tiie i 
f lK>roiigiil)r they ^nderdand themielvct tndeach other, «nil the incf« 
they attain of Chnftiaa meebieis and httmility, the more clearly will 
4hey ^ that there is no great reafon for eiDployiof tfeKsir thne In diA 
potatton* The wider their diiagreesneat in fpecnlatiTe ptmts, tiie 
greater room have they for th^ exereile of caodoor and -charity. 
Mr* Haggerfton agrees with -Mr. Grahani» that * wcath and ranooor 
mre no virtues i*- but he afks what Mr. G. means 1>y charity ? if it 
tttans love to God and maot he readily acknowledge^ that the wast 
pi it is the want of Chriilianity ; if it means a €vonrable (^inioa 
of thofe wbo diflent from im in refpe£l to religious principlet» he alfo 
allows its- refUtnde fa lar as, what he caHs the ^iuds of Chrifiitmi^ 
are not a^ded % hot if men*8 opinions are fubverfive, in his view. 
of the main Icheme of the gofpel, then he may (hew his chanty anj 
love to them by endeavouring to convince theih ; bat, as a ChiTfiiaa 
and an honefl man, he thinks he cannot have charity for them io Ikr 
as to believe them in a (afe and a happy fiate, while tbey appear Iq 
him in a way unfafe and erroneous. Hete Mr. Haggerfton ieems net 
to be thoroughly 'maf!er of his fobjeC^f for who m^l determine for 
other peribns, in every refpcd, what arc the nntah of Chrifttanity ^ 
What fallible man ought dogmaticatty to prefcribe to anodicr in 
matters of faith and confeience ? He may determine for himfelf, bat 
he will be uncandtd and nnchriOian if he ^4Mto«/ another whofe 
faith does not exa^lly tally with his own. 

* Our Readers will form but an indiferent opinion of this perform- 
ante when we tell them» that the Writer, toward the cenciafioiii ac* 
qoaints Mr. Graham, ' that the leading title of his iermon is a^ ah- 
Mute fallhoed.' As this expreflioa is rafli, fo would it be alfb m 
as, ihould we, from hence^ utterly and immediately condemn a 
pamphlet whidi appears to be well intended, and contains tome jot 
remarks, though formed on a narrow and miilaken plan* 
Art. 56. Thi Cafe of Duelling eonfidereiy with refpe& ,i$ib u the 

CMiufgef mut CbalU»gt4. By Robert South, D. D. late Preben- 

dary of Weibninfter, and Canon of Chrift Church, O^ton. Small 

^vo. 6d* Nicoll, 1774. 

ExtraAed from the fermons of the famous Dr. Soudi ; bat fodi 
Ibber, pious obje£lions to this abfurd cnfbm, are probdbhr of licde 
efle6^., A fenfe of religion is r^uire^ to feel tl^e force ofthom, bet 
religious men do not en^ge in duels. Our tihers are not reetfomsru 
Art. 57. Enquiries into the Archetype of the Septuagini Verfim^ its 

Jwthentieity mnd different Editions. By the Rev, H. S, Crnwys. 

8vo. I s. 6<i. Law, &c. 1774* 

Mr. H. S. Cruwys, whoever he is, fecips defifoiis, bm his ri^ 
that this tittle pamphlet OiOuld be confidered as the refuh of enqnlriai 
wtiich he has made into the fubje^ propofed, whereas it chicBy 
eonfifts of collections from different writers who have made that 
fabjc^ their ftudy. It may have coft this Author fome pains to 
f«le£l the remarkf t>f other men ; but the Reader wilt ^d very 
• little that is material or new to direA his opinion on the point, or 
indeed hardly any inferences or conclufions drawn by the Writer 
IWii* iht icniai'ks <if the atrthorv he-meimons, tn -order to anlmr ^e 
^iflibrent qoeftiotis hc^ propofes, * Hotirevcr tboft who have sot 
tli<m|ht much on the fabgcft, may here pcrufe a brief hiftory of thn 

«>ept«a|im 



Sepwtgmt f^on, wUdi may yfeW thcm^ fome^lalfefiriftionJ TlwT 

aiid^ty of the ycrfiott cliitA3rrtib'*oft itrhavfej: bfecii firfti^itf* 

t«d hy the Je#9»«n^ afterwtUKU rectmd from them by the CbfiIHai»« 

An. 58. A JfppM(isf'to aiate Bld^jttaim cfttitlcd, •* Theiead«i^ 

i^g SenHhrents of tli^ Qaakert examh^ed, ftzJ* By S. Nefrton, 

^vo. ' 6 d. Norwich, printed, amf ibid by Wiflrfc in London. 

Mr. Newton hcittakffs a^'finilT leave of;th^ Controtcrfy with ouf 

(%riftiail bitthretx the Quakers t he anfwers the {Mncipal things ad-^- 

vanced by Mr. Phipps in hir laft performance ^, and amclades with 

it friendly addr^fs to him smd his brethren. Me appears to be fol}.* 

dtous only for troth, and not for the fupport of oarty : lie pleads 

with temper and candour, and we'diink he prevails againft his an« 

tagonfft, . . • . 

Art. rt.' j1 Differtatttm on iht loKftitiff Powers tf'RiafonanttRive-' 
Idiion. 4y the Hon. and Rev. Spencer Cowper, 6* D. Dean of 
Durham.** 8^0'. 6d. BroWn. 1774. 

Very bfartkble, * in onr ojiiiJion, are thofe Tperfens 6f ifrhom Df. 
Collier here fpieaks, wlio, • inftejd Of bringiii; thdr Jadgments t6 
accord to the word of God,* make the Word of God to conform to 
their opinions, and will receive it on no other termi.' But may wd 
l)ot be allowed to ^(k, v^hether irinuft be tfeceff^rily ^onclnded, that 
all perfons who do' not fully embrhCe fOme articles 6f fdth for whicM 
the Writer plead^, Or which are acd>dnted orthodox, mnll therefbrts 
hate, been unwillitig to^ fabmit \o the deciAon of i^ripture ? Have 
there not been pions and humble enquirers who Wefe ieady to re-^ 
ceive al} that was tailght in fcriptnre, but who have been unable to 
difcover, there, every tenet which has been prbpOftd tO them as ceja 
tainlv making a part of- the trucChriftian doftrinef • • ' 

Tms pamphlet is agreeably w^tteii ; it is ftnfible, wfcM intended, 

and difcovers the ferious and piqus temper of die lat^ worthy ^u* 

thor, — whofe death has been announced to os by the -public papers. 

fincc this Hhle trad iifued from the prds. ' ' ' ^ 

Art. 60. A dear DtJ^hj ^ the Trinity from' dhint RetHHttion ; 

with an impartial Examito^don of fbme Traditidns. concerning 

~ God, in Syilems contrived by Comcils, AfTeroblies, tni Synods, 

* and impofed upon Mankind las Articles of Faith. In three Parts, 

I. The divine Charader of a Plurality in Deity proved. lU Tht 

oeconbmical'Charadlcr of Father, Son, ahd Holy jGHoftlHuftratedl 

in. The fcholaftic DoArJnc of the Trinity examined. The whole 

written' in an eafy and familiar Manner. By A. M. 1 Layman'. 

8vo. 4s. Robinfon, 4c. ' ' '^ ' ^ 

A. M. alayman, has judged itrequlfire to add this voltmie, con* 

fifting of sLbouc'four hundrc4 pageiC. to thOfb dlmoft'itinumerable 

iheetfi (many of them to Very litdepurpofe) which hiVc been already 

publifhed on tbis^ fubje^. ^ Several parts (3f his rief fbnristnce cotffift 

of obfervations that tave" been repeatedly Offerta by the ^vocatel 

for this dofti^ne: bdt he rejeds as nnfcribtaral thefbhola^ic terini 

and diftindlioiiii which ^oft of theitjT have <emph>ved^j ' and h^re M 

writes with fbch a'freedbm, that it might be fuppo^ ^'fome read« 

crs he did cot receive the d6ar!!fle Of the Trinity. IMKift he pleadi 

,j -- - ■ •■ • "'^ ■■ ■ ■* t" " " * ' "** 

^ * -Vi^A. Riviewto' Aflgoft l^yji p* ^^ *- - . ^ 

. Idr 



opus of iVilibri ^ ^<1 ^>fW/ i|i.^wmmm»^ oi. a% ladftuw lo i 
apcompUi^c^t of ^S^r^t ffu^ of tlwc iduifliMm kbcmp^ Hf 4fii 
«Di VP^ d(BAii«ai of t^ Ictiim^g £fOW ibrdM; ttgouies |e hit 
j^^MukeD^ ani be 4i!rcowM. |)Otb cai^^ iWtffd fciile; Wk 
Id, we thijik* fOii^PdfBes k<t air^ t>y W^ ^n d fop c qw afMrdcobdj 

J^rii and nt trutL * The Airu an4 unih kei^ iajri hew dbet ait 
Man» M i& cova^cnly fu^pjo^, t^^. thqr ibooid wocfiM{t vbl diw 




Old Teftameat (ainu worihi|>pcd God wuh iheir Uattt^ aiuf ia^Cicirxdi 
^ that CbnU^iM^^^DOt io wqHIuk Qod wjfb their bo^s ; wehetoi 
^y are coiDQ^a]i^e4 to isari^.O^.^w^^^i^ ^^^.V^Jj^ vi^udi 
are bis.— ^Bat Coriii here teaches* . Uuit. ChrJiUaxu were tp worfbip 

j(94 the truth Qt tifl the j)iK>«ii(M ao^ prcniutcia mi the 914.^^^ 
f^t iwitb refoe& ti^ holy timei » pUc^» ai^ thiiigv^ Bot wh^ nea^ 
1,1 there of thu re^^ea t oo a pUin ^ i ^ y > rt a n t paffiyge^ of iciip- 
I^Hge ? b it. 90t ckar. that oiur Cpri hfre ^{^^ the wonnippii^ of 
,God in ./(^f a^4 in /rir/^» to ttiQ Qbf€;rva&ao of thofe exteroid ntei 
^iq^TtfaiQ^^t i^.hicb lor wif^ leafoas ^ad l^o apppta^ed to the 
^il^enoftfia^l} liktk^MitfA v> imaamig C)^utiaQ$ at t^ (ye* 
Sioioiifi; of tK<Q volji9^, tto 4v^«r pleads vim ftaie apd Jfucit ik 
ibe.rieht^ ofjpriy;»tO|^4fimeat ^ ^r freedom of em^^iy* 

pbecy of Zaohamt* By H* yenii» M> ^ Chapla?p to the Bad 
4|f Bjttchatnt.and Reabr ot Y^fa^ .ff WXtimtpofliiiy* ujiiow. 3s. 
^ Boafd<« piivei^ i^ ^77^ . ^ . . 

to faring all Aibjedtf and priocipjief iato doubt aad ifoeertaijity^ ti^ 
oUieM^^. f^ iWJjfw tfiiprc.i|,aa|t Iwh thiag i^.timh ., Jhac 
inmbian o( ^iiitSufn% ttrnj^, who wift eobrai^ and fkcgswnfij 
fopport tho& poinvi ae trmht. wtuch in a!H zgt\ of iDanl^ii< bfie 
hieencoafidered aa di^uohle and irt/rftrtain, But ait. noipridUhBd* 
iiq{( aU.the^9irks and iopUfi^^ |he i^rmeri there ftillietnaia fiich 
c^iuqaaa tmdu deoent^^ virtoe, aod religion; fo aUb, nocsmbAaad- 
Upg the pertinacity v/im widf^ (one pf th^ li^termj^ io$S on tbeif 
CTPlicatioo o^certaia doftrinea, t^ ii|ay fill) 'cQnt^iae^ mattcra.of 
fieoate and ancertainty.' Mr. Vtant the AajJ^or 0/ the jprelejit vo- 
lume,, tells lu, d^at * tlf ibie 4i^gp of tlii^^ P^i^ ^ ^ pipve ^ 
oanefnl inflaence of nodons contrary to the doQnae faelifvcd by the 
univeHaLchanchiaevtr^ML' <t viQ be.dffifii|t:fixr lttia» «cap> 
^rehend* tp£xQn.apetioa in which jJie |l«^pf^'ch(^^.«vcc« ca- 
Ucely agcecid io^poiQ^ of doftlioe, ^oi^^er, while .he it endeanmr; 
^ng to point oat joiftakes in relig|[6n, we are pfsrfuaded he Jraa caa* 
j^o^aaioniB^.tp, allow tjha^ it up^^de he.iaayii»iuttiaM9 be m^ 
hiken JiunleU^ a^d that too pfxnapi: ia foa^e &fo«irit^ poiou » which 
fUl remaiii of a 4oi}btful kind, wh^i^vcr h;uffiaii aaoci,.a«tb«)fitic^ 
and f aa <^i b ii « -my ba^ hiOBght- fca- theig> fiipport> ■ AlLProtdtaau 
ViU fiiidy judte ui^a%tfaNSi ^ VKff 49mm Ofi lb* idi&m 



£.a.A «l «r ir i« r. 



Art M. &fir Jcc§imt wfihtAmt ^ Rdigiom in Lmnhl^ Is fear 
letters tb aFrMi inflBeOooMT. ]Mi((ttcdt96(hew*PxoliMn^ 
^iQMr'GMfcrl tfie fiftctwifr df ihrir p(tt£nt PrMkieg^ «i4 i» 
wcSicflismtolto0iMf|iMieiit€bfttfiift^ of Aib 

^oiiogtW OontiwnuM of tfiei*« tvtx i ^ 6d* MBcAdvrt) aic; 

we conceive of tUs Writer iit aft iMriteA ti^ra pi«i^ ntti | fm<l 
we Aoakr aj^rMv lis sedl^'dii k iiot «|^pev to itf ih Ji ht citf 1^ 
adbitlk «f pietf trocpaneafd wM iM MC«prioii of d ^tfrtdit ftt of 
principles which hainan iu S Mls iai r hai" eodeatlhired ^ Mako ^le 
jSandaHl if finhh. Tin we iitfb; aad woMieiv iw«. diii}a%, i^^ 
the genaralibaMi of His paiii]|Hlkl, md ^from hb I^Mngiff * a bfcHr ' 
of aa ifteomflidiilf alafniia| tnetot^ which, te teHf !§«,- hasf b«»ii 
fomriiair tfMdStdting agalnft^ttr lAaaf ^efetriogi^ wef mv^iutt t6 
th(ii UU UKdfpr^ypded for tlM nmoM of iMUbiiptloih to aitidM 
of reK^oii. ^int pawpUeseot'ieefM td pidg^ of the rii^ abd TM* 
of leUgidiii bv the watthitlr wiikwiicft fodr ntkM «iM ttraiaedailttb 
The aaethodimdal «diilt«i« ond Mtarbrt am AMf fiiiPOarH bf hb" 
peir; hot noc tiiofe wiio Mtow Blr. W * M .y. . The- Rov. Wtk 
It i n t econnetfa ferarlarfeo fhaivofpraMI; araMdofaoie'othefO^ 
bothmnDng ^ ntfaiiAe^ in ihe eiabKirareiiCy ind'aMoag-cb^^lf.- 
ientersy Woo' eiabtacef nrt pivioiplea* ThtiCt * afO feilM dHcraflefV 
Jw w M f fjti iti* real Kft in 6»o part of ik^ paitoUiti', ^iiMt m^ afitntt 
a nfefni admboitibn to thdib Who Mrke pfoMSo^ of i«M<int 

? ' S B R M O N «v 

h D9 mt^fUlt'vk iktimift y$MmS0mtm ThrM^ €cfieif^Afim 

AaiitM im temfh S; Mari» tcram AtrndemUt Cintabl^trfri yum 'i» 

1771. Pr9gradu ioSoratm in fiura ibioi&gith A. C< Chiirdiilly 

S. T. f: Aula eUu^it^ Mifir/oei0. 410; 1 #. . Whit^, «te» 

There is nottta^ rtty Mntt^\aMt' fti th^ hfttf dtitkmv ^ Tko* 

priocipaT ciiticifm relates to* the ftrft t«i# bf ]>««fd^ afl^Hhg ^^^^> 

iJkiMN AflfiMl fir .^wir #« fhfhigh pyttf, kt.' 'Thfe Dd6lb^*aflw♦ 

whotft tfo& (he poet hero «lfre(^7 aY»d He kaiMer^, tM pl^O^^f 

tfraef; I am lendbte, fa^s he» that fome learned tnen thkrfe far otifr- 

Wlfc ; Iteie fiippoflftg that' David ipeaks to '559!, 6!hferi <B5f W 

addretb Joturmfo : O ^wiU^ dkwt tfihiki, tn'^c^td ts Jkper extelfm 

tna ! ftt. Bjai he adds/ w<! Afll fowl thir eieonthum tcry pertiiftot 

and proper it we foppofc that David addreffcs l^imfclf peither'Tto 

Said or jot^jfthaii in tl^s vcrik, bttt'^aks to tho K^elker eoooertfidf 

diem hotli :'"'.,' 

O Ifraef, ^itr U^atli* (SMdufnemf$ it jHtmhmimt) fopet tx^ASk 
tMj>^mptiiM eft. - 

Quomodo cecidefunt fbhet ! faak Situlin* n Jtnathamts fatt ftr^^ 
tmptiO ' '•* '^'-\ ^- " . . - 

The ohftrvation ifei^s Jofr* an^ tlj/is brobabhr ir the fbkfe hi whklf 
the p2(raj?e!iih6ft'gB^rifl^«adorft^ .^t . . " 

H. TSf PMfiHft: a lha<tA tV(hd, imth a Cd^tvurd to Ufaff", mti^ /*#r/- 

preKhed in dte.'Oty^iaM' ^r^t^^^J^A^'ftlid^wTown, ibd 

pubUfittd 



. pd»K&ed at the etmeft Requeft of die Ooagitgttfcm. 8y the Rori 

WiUitm 8a>tt, M. A. late Schibr of Bton. Inicnbrd b^ per- 

. ntflion to Sir Wiliiam Draper^ and addftftto die Army and Navf • 

«fo. It. WUIrie>&c. 1774. 
i B7 die aid of Sottth» Hildrop, and Delifiyi Mr. Scott baa mnfiered 
ftme good ar^^txinentt i^oft d«elliiig $ but (diMogh certain sfefta* 
tioM and iogiilaridet intoiH^ch tkts writct is apt to fait) Ma pab- 
licatton wants that charaderiftic propriety and grace which we expoGt 
t*«eet with m a rtligious dtiboBrfe. 

III. Preached at the Opeatng of the Chapel in EffinE-Hoiife, £ftz- 
(treett in tbeStraod» op Sunday Apfil 17, 1774* fiy Theopldhtt 
Littdfev>M.A* Uo. 6d. Johaibn. 

Candid and iudieiottf, worthy of the occafion on which it wai 
bicachedv worthy of die preacher,— Mr* Lindfey dHcoarfea from 
ttph. iv* ^.^^EaiawmriMg to kup the mmty rf ibt SfMt in tht had 
0/*/MM.— — To the fermon is added» a fammary account of the to- 
l^nned lit«rgy> on the olan of the late Dr. Samuel Clarke *, made 
1^ of in the ikid chapel in Eflbc^hoofe*— It may not be improper to 
aci)«aiat our Readers, many of whom, we doubt not, wiU-fiDcefcIy 
ifjoice to hear that thens is aU the reafon in the world to beiieve 
that Mr« Lindfty will be attended by a very numerous and r e i jpeftaMe 
audie n c e* ' 'May hit life be long, and may hit houeft and wefl- 
sa^ant endeavours to pfomote the Knowledge and pra&ice bf pute 
and uudefiled religion, be crowued widi remarkable fiiccefs ! 

IV. A Comtnmt Qo4 tbt BiiUwr^s mv$t fmUng FWnr/.— Occa£oaed 
by the Death of the Rev. fidward iutcUn, B. D. who departed 

^ahis Life January 11, 1774, iadM^4Sfh YearofhitAffr. -Preached- 
ia White^Row, SpittJefields, January tu By Samuel Brewer, B. IX 
. To which is added. The Onaim delhrefud at his Interflleac'in. 
•the Bniial-ground at Bunhill; By Thomas Towie, B.D. Svo. 
I 8. Bucklandy <S(C. 
* Mr. Hitchitt was* a very eminent dtffimdng mioiAer, of the Calvi^ 
aitfc perioafion ; and thefe difeourfes, as is ofual oa fuch occafioin, 
cpatain the higheft enoominms on the deceafed. 

V. On the Dmuh of die Rev. P. Simlbn, A. M. at the Meedng. 
Houfe in Vicar Lane, Coventry, July 18, I773. ^y J. Daiton. 

^d. Dilly. 

>.■■ ■ ■■ ■ ■■ ■ ■■ ■ . I I 11 .^ ■ I ■ 

CORRESPONDENCE. 
Tc ibi Authors of the Monthly Review. 

Gentlemen, 

I Rely on your candor for attention to a few remarks on the letter 
figned Arnicas in your lad Review. I could fay much on the 
fiibjefti bat for feveral reafoDS, (hall be as fhort as poiHble. 

For what I faid of Dr. Leeds's obtaining bis degree, 1 had cbe au» 
thoricy of letters ftoxa Drs. CuIIcd, Home, &c. produced as eridence 
in the court of King's Bench. — ^^I do not pretend to afcertain Dr. 
Leeds's mcdicarqualificatibnsy T think the queftion fo mach in&iled 
on, whether h6 was or was not a good Phyficiaa, is quite beilde the 
matter. 

♦ See Reyieir for February fad(, p. loz. 

* CoBceraiag 



C0ARB8P0N»VKCC4 j]| 

^ Cbncem^ ^lie re«(bn affignefl by me for the fociety difpenfiti^ 
With their cftahliihcd roles in cht«t afiair» I had fl|y iofbrnfttion front 
fome 9f jheir p#n,mei|)h(ers— I ^Dew of no oth^r reafon — If Amicae 
knew of aoy other he (hotild have giren it. Amicus fays, ** che;,fe^ 
ciety know no ihah in jadgmept." I believe in j^eneral they decide 
with moch Caution and uprightne(s» bat I Hkewiie believe that^ they 
are not always clear of partidUty I perfonal attachoient, iatereft, will 
have weight in human minds : Men naturafly favour thoie they hava 
the beft opinion of, or are the moft obliged to, Dn F. has great 
merits great lepntation/ great bfluence.-^^Amictts f^ys, "Dr. F.- 
never gave the foq^tyroom tp 4oub( of a jnltfnbmiflloa to the rules 
he fabfcribes to/' The rules of the feciety require fubmiffion 'to 
awards, even when there it room to think<hat fuch awards have not 
been made jodicioafly. But Dr. F. refufed to fulfil the award iit 
qaeftion — Is there reafon to think that if be would not fobmit in oa^ 
€afe» he typ^ld have fubmitted in another? The mlet of the focm/ 
alfo prohibit lawfaits between their memben. But Dr. F« and Dr. L^ 
engaged in a lawfnit. J>u F. retained counfel before the award ww 
ffivcA. h, made th^ award a rule of cooru Dr. F. tfcaped the ctm» 
rare of the^ feciety. L was deemed the aggre&r and difowned. On 
this circumftaqce I make no comment* — Jmicnt (ayt, '* if the ^f9mt 
had not been pabli(hed the rpaarks had never appeared* and if /«- 
partial conld have retrained his pen this addr^i woald have been nikr - 
neceiTary." J.did not write nor pnblifli the appeal. The account 
it gave of the affair was thought by many perfons ^ fair one; it con- 
tained.lictle more than the awArd, the affidavitt of the arbitrators, 
and a minute of the yearly meetings unmixed with any inve^tve 
d^ainft Dr* F.— Qao it then be jufily termed '^ partial and kivi« 
dtotts?'"— The circulation of it was much cdnfined to the fociety.— ' 
The charader of it in your Review was fo cautioudy worded, that 
neither party need to have taken offence. — Amkn$ introduced the. 
affair to the public by an account which i thought too favourable to 
one fide, to pafs unnoticed.— ^I fent you one in which my defign wa» 
to tell the truth to the beff of my knowledge^-For thtv I am 
charged with wilful mifreprefenutioa. and treated with anneeeffiiry' 
aipentv.— Whatever Dr. F. may think, I am not hit enemy^— I ha*'tf 
no malevolence to him, nor attachment to L. — I never received fa« 
Your or injury firom either — I never had a mean opinion of Dr. Pv 
or 9 high opinion of L. or any defign lo place them in^omparifon.-* 
Bttt in this inftance I ^hink Dr. F. has been wrong. — I think Li wat 
as fit to j>radice^ phyfick as many who do daily pradice it ; and \ 
think him an injured perfon. — Difierent men fee the fame objeflt 
differently ; then- fentiments muff of courfe differ ; and I fee no caufif 
ilirliy I ihould relinquiffi the fignature of 

IMPARTIAL. ' 

** A full detail of this tranfaflion fupported by indubitable evi't 

dence" could have been publifhed by the arbitrators, and perhi^pa 

had been, but for the difiiiafions of fbme {Impartial was one] wha 

wiihed rather to preferve peace than to prbduce.controverfy.. 

London, April 21, 1774. 

•0* PTi havt ia/irtcd the ah9V€^ tQfrovt our impartiality \ andavt 

^^^ aftriii mil kne itfict t$ u cMrwrrJly that hat^ iafmfi>\f modi 

its 



1^ C t> i t t 4 P O V D't U t i4^ 

ht ^vt9f Hk • litefaiy joortely nvbici is fymo mumi a fr^f^ rta^nkk 
fir alNrtaiimu of a private ak^ periinal ma^4» 

■^■^^•^ " ■■ 

A .Letter iigned ibe Ediut^ coxnplaiiia.of tire ftverhy oi" die i& 
count guren of a late polthaAous trad in oar mU £di(an| 
Uke Tranflator^y are commoaly partial to thsfe Authori wbofe wdrb 
they woalit recommend to the favoiir of the public; 'ttd tfaere&ut. 
■we wonder not that the gentleman Who has done us tl^% honpor of 
\m polite and candid rannjhtmt^ (bottld dti/Ient itom tke cjpinio&o^ 
an indiferent» uAprejudiced * Aeviewer, in regard to the merit of 
theperformance in quefion^ 

Titf Editir may be aifiirej, t&at it h not witbont regret tliat «e 
ever fpeak unfavourably of any work intended to promo^ th^ interdl 
o( virtue and religion ; and that whenever our opinion of the im- 
* perfoft execution cfa good deGgo; forces us» in juihce fo the honour 
lind intereft of literature, to pafs our cenfure where we ndft to ap- 
j>iaudy we generally do it with referve» and teademefs ; fopprefli^ 
(he worfl that mi^t be faid, if the rigour of iTauTn* rather daft 
leftity 10 a broAcr Author, were to prevail. . 

This was, indeed, the cafe, with reaped to the Iktie piece which 

^aye occafii^ to the letter before us. We forbear to repeat the tide 

of the work, becaufe we would not, unneceflarily, add to the cenface 

, ^ready pafled on it, or to the chagrin of a correfpoiide&t who cz« 

prefles himfelf with fo much moderation and decency* 

The Editor objects to our remark on the want dP jCgnitar, ia tie 
ftyle and didion of a work, oi ^^tdtky/amiUari^ d'iscfrijp^i^^ 
natural charaderitlic* But we beg. leave to mbft tnat whoever 
afiumet to be the public advocate of religion and vlitae, ought to 
expre{s himfelf in a manner fomewhat elevated above the ^f«OV 
ftrain of private inftrudlion, and fuiubk to the importSHiC* of tie 
fubje^ The plea, that the piece here alluded to, was not writtea 
Ibr the public, cannot be admitted : Jf it was too impefle^ for pub- 
lication, wh^ was it printed without the neceflkiy imfMroVements ? 
^ In evexT literary performance, a decent attention is furely due tg 
correflneu, if not to ele|[ance ; but a proper regard to langage is 
more peculiarly neceHary in a work intended for tBe imptoremcnt ef 
youth, left, while we are inipiring them with good fendjoeiita, aa^ 
teaching them good manners, we inadvertently habituate than to 
ungrammatical, or vulgar, or provindal* modes of expreflion. 

That a work is weU itttindei, is a juft foundation for praiie; bet 
foo4 intention alone will not fccure fuccefs to an ill adapted pcrfbr* 
lormance. Thouiands, and tens of thonfands, of what are coianioni/ 
called g00d h99ksy have had the praifii above metationed, and yet they 
have been configned to oblivion, by the general eonfeat of nofaaskiad: 
on whom all the wife counfel in the world will be laviihed to Kbk 
purpoA:, if it be not conveyed to them in an agreeable fonn, 

%• Mr. B-r— "'« letter, dated Edinburgh^ December 25, did not 
come to hand till very lately .-T-The poem to which it relates will bt 
noticed in our next Review. 

* The Aniiar being totally unknowA to us« 



MONtHLt REVIEW, 

For M A y, i774# 



A&T«I. Eutumur% er^ Dinhluiu eonc^rmfig the Lmw ttnd Ctnftitmtiin 
ofEnfland. With an Efiay on PUlogoe. 8vo* 4 y^Azi 14 1 • 

THAT tbih Author of .tiie(c Dialoguei is^ or has beelii, 1 
profcflcd lawyert cannot t^ doubted ; and he is ib a/ccu(- 
tomed to the Unguage and fprqia; o/. his profcffi«n> that Jie. 
s|4hei'es clofclf to th^iiH eveo in his pceface. Under the cha* 
raider of Editori he a4opts th^ ide^p^cpnfidering the.Piablic 
mi m jury. Placing himfi^if, therefore) for a moment, on the 
bench, he addreflet the Public, at large, with refpe^t to the fata 
of the prefent work s tmd declares tharhe lays afide any private 
regard for the Author, ill: aflumi9g the irppartiality o( a judge. 
The gentlemen of th^ jury are tol4 that, the caufe now b^rc 
them, for their determination, ia in the nature of afiigmd i^ti*. 
It 4% m>t « fuifthn ^fdamagis^ but a Ht^flim rf rigbi merely ; in 
which the Author is to be conftd^ied ^a the plainttflF, and tbofe 
toa4€ffs^wbo>: happen tadifpuit his pifeTenrctaim are th^ defeild^ 
aftts. Among o^her langim^ of this);ii)d^ which is caitied odt 
to a degree that camsoft wdT be vindicated from the cbatg^of^ 
pedan^, the E4itor:tbua belpeaM a*favoiȣabIe vardid : ' 
i *;If:y0ii;fiiQidd be of opinion 4hat the (ubjeft interefts ther 
Public I that the form in which it is treated, is not only on^. 
c^oni^n, but taken together with the Aibjed is calculated fot u 
&^lioui#> to fupply the (dace of fuch 'books of amvfamdnt ta 
have nothing but the fpra to rtconwneil^ thea ;' if yoii thbik 
the notions the Author has advanced are, upw At whole, fup« 
ported by the many great naoidi that you obferve he has called 
W .hia wmft^ on tiie pi^efenc dtcafiea y iS you- find^that he* har 
diflented with candour wh^re.bi diflF^ inopi^on % if where h^t 
cenfiirear tUnl^f ^^ he haa induftrioufly 4pared^pedbos, or where 
ke ihott^t )iJixrfrlfirf>ligfKl4e c^rueepafiilca'behasinrij^citedi' 



338 Eattomusi &r^ Dtalogms concerning ihi Law^ffc* 

tbem ; if you fliould be lAdiMd -to think- Father Favourably of 
bis head, and at the fame time, you find no grounds for any ino* 
jputation on his hearc« you will eive.your verdi& in his favour; 
but if, upon the whde, yoiT think otkerwife, you will find for 
the defendants/ 

Our Author, in opening his EfTayon^ Dialogue, potnts out 
tke advantages, and the antiquity, of Ai'm fcnrm of writing. 
With regard to its ufe of fi61ion, he obferves that it is a kind 
.of poetry. It is of a double nature, didadic as well as dra- 
matic. The didaSic nature of it confifts i^ teachbg ibmetbtog 
by feigned charaders, and *in an imaginary converfatioo : but 
the dramatic caft of the work muft foften the rigour of profcfled 
in^ru6\ion. After confidering the dida6lic and dramatic quali- 
ties of the dialogue, and making fome refle£lions on the &enay 
of the ancient dialogue, the Author (hews why imaginary cba- 
ra£lcrs have been preferred to real, in the prefent performance. 
This naturally leads him to an examination of what the inge- 
nious Dr. Hurd has advanced upon the fubjed:. What i^ here 
faid, in oppofition to the fentiments of that able critic, is not 
unworthv of notice; though we ftilt agree in dpitiion with Dr. 
I|urd, that, where it can be attained^ the conducing of ^e 
dialogue by real characters is f^r preferable to the ufe of ima- 
glnary ones. We do ncit, however, fee any Efficient reaibit 
for totally^ excluding the latter mode of cbnf^fition, which, on 
fome oa^fions and on fome topics, may have its peculiar ad- 
vantages. 

In difcufling the fubjeds proper for dialogue, the Wrher be- 
fore us contends that none are excluded by their nature firom 
being treated in this manner, except fuch as are too abfirufe 
or too trifling to be fit for- -c^verfation pieces. * The fub^ed 
of law, fays he, in general fteers very happily between tbefe two 
extremes. Its connexion wtth morality; its being what every 
body rn fociety muft live under, and confequently know fonse- 
thing of, will always make it an interefting and not a difficult 
fubjcd for converfation. And this propriety, which ftaads its 
ground in the eye of reafon, has an additional fupport frOB» 
very early example. The treatifes of Plato and Tully of this 
name, are ftill extant td vindicate the afiertion. 

* The law of England in particular, fo very liberal. and dlf 
fufive in its nature, will fcarce be difputed to afibrd many em* 
tertaining and inftruAive topics of difcourfe. One reafon to 
recommend this way of writing on fiich fubjeAs, may be drawn 
from a cfrcum(laQce to which law and dialogue have equally 
a relation, that of <* argument,'' by which I mean the excrciK 
rather of a natural than artificial kind of logic/ 

Haying (hewn that law may be properly treated in the fonn 
of dialogue^ the Aat)iar piQceads to the confideration of tke 

▼an•^s 



nri6u8 modes that have been adoptedl in writing on this ftlbje£t. 
The dialogues that have been cobipofed on law-^malters next 
come in review before him, and *he particularljr.chacaAerizes 
and Commends chofe of Germain ami Fofcefeue. Ue.then lays 
beibrd his^rciaders a:view of theprefcnt work ; a&ersvhichr he 
makes fome remarks on feveral pablications relative to 'the 
]^ngli(h conftitution^'and paflcsa'high encomiuth oh Sirl^ho- 
mas Smith's «' Republic of England^? and Sir BiiHWode WkitcL- 
Jocke's •* Comment on jho King.^s Writ for chooluig Membeni 
of Parliament." The eiTay concludes' with an apology for treat- 
ing on the ftsbjeA of the third tKaiogue^ after ks having been 
fo.^lUy difciifed by otfcer writei^^ land efpcciaily by Mra'Jufticc 
Bhckftone* ' > : r.--— ^ .,,., m 

.Our Author is far. from prGteodnig that this foito. of writing 
h the bcft way of becoming acquainted with the fubje£is con- 
tained in thefe diabgues ; much lefs^ that the prefent are.the mod 
pleafing fubjc(Ss for this form. > ' It is fufEcicnt/ he obferves, 
^ foe me» if what thefe dialogues contain has weight enough (o 
fend any of royrfaders, who bcfore.werc ftrangecs to the fub- 
jed, to thofe great aathorides, therfoimtain headf from whence 
fuch learning dows the pureft ; and that this mild and Engaging 
form is not improper for the fubjeiS ;itfclf, I (hall then,, with- 
the vanity of ah Author, compare. tnyfelf to one who in his 
travels over a bleak andidreavy^dountry^ has picked up fome 
plants, which be: afterwards 'tramfei:s.to fome delightful fpot, 
in a milder climate; where tlieiri novelty at lea(V^ nray mak«h 
them admired even among more agfceable produ£l»oas, by thofe 
who would never have vifited thepiron* their native foil. And if 
after all they ihould have. any medicinal virtues ufeful itk life, 
they will be welcome wherever they; can be made to grow.' 

The fcene of thefe dialogues is laid at the coUhtry^houfe of 
Eunomus, a lawyer of eminence in his profeffion. He is vifited, 
in his retreat, by Policritcs, a young gcntlemjin defigricd for the 
fame profeffion ; who, on feeing the Odyfley of Homer, opened 
ifi that part where the difcovery of UlyflVs to his aged father is 
ib pathetically defcribed, exprefics his regret at being obliged to 
4]uit the enchanting fcenes of fancy for the dry and intricate 
paths of the law. *. I wi{h, fays he, the poets had Acft. power 
of captivating the imagination, or that their power was at- 
tended with lefs fatal confequenccs to the deeper pacts of learn- 
ing. The foil of ParnalTus, I am fure, is barren, however 
pleafant-the air of it is. But why fhould I blame the poets in 
p&rticular, when other arts tending only to poliih and refine the 
manners are fubjed to the fame imputation ? Thofe who are 
addi<^ed to this < profe(Bon ought to give them all up; or at 
leaft muft allow, that by retaining their fondnefs for thefe, they 
retard their progrcfs in that. They occa&on the lafs of much 

Z 2 time. 



time, andi at beft, are tfai»gs with. which the ftudy of the kw 
ha3 no inaiiiier of conn^ion** 

Thefe remarks give rifir to the fubjcfi o£ the fitff dialc^ue, in 
which Eunomus aflerts, that all arts and fcieocas have feme 
kind of connexion with one another ; and (hews particularly^ 
that there is a mutual intercourfe conftantly kept up between 
the law and other fcieoces. In the illuftration of this matter, 
the objelftUmsof Policritrs are anfwered, the conne£lien between 
the different liberal arts is pointed out, the meaning of, fuch 
connedion is explained, and an appeal is made to inibnces and 
examples of it in the profelEon of the law; and efpecially to Sir 
Matthew Hale, Sir Thomas Mpre, Lord Bacoii, aad Lord So* 
tners. In the farther profecuti^n of the dialogue, Eunomus de- 
fcribes the utility that may be derived from the ancient poets 
and orators, and from the fpeecbes of the hiftorians and the epic 
poets. This brings on the confideration of the queftion, whether 
the profeffion of the law admits of eloquence 4 upon wliicb fub- 
jed our Author has expreilied him&If in the following terms : 

« I Will not go fo far as to think their opinion worth an an- 
fwer, who hold, that modern times are Grangers to, or rather 
will not bear eloquence : becaufe I think they are fufficiently 
refuted by fad. And the notion is as deftitute of found judg- 
ment, as it is contrary to experience* Nor do I think the no* 
lion of others is better founded, who maintain, that an Eng]f& 
bar will not admit of eloquence, being of a nature extreoMly 
dMFerent from the courfe of judicature in Athens or Rooae : 
from which as we are fuppofed to be acquainted with the 
only uue models of eloquence 1 fo the. circumftances of former 
times and difierent forms of policy are thought to exclude alt 
others as much from the application of eloquence, as fi^m a 
competition with the great orators of thofe drars. 

* I am fpeaking to one who knows from htfiory and his own 
experience, that even here the fad is diredly ocberwift. IS^ 
was I to borrow no argument from experience, it would be 
enough to fay in general that eloquence is the common child of* 
freedom and of knowledge: that iiv any ftate, where the ma* 
turity of its learning keeps pace with the freedom of its conflt* 
tution^ men muft have conftant opportunities, and they will b^ 
able to make the beft ufe of opportunities to p^iade or refate \ 
will find ample field for panegyric or fatire ; wilt be able to 
raife or overcome occafional oppofitign. All which are na 
other than the various modes and cbaraders of eloquence con- 
ceived in the abflrad. Nor as to the particular application of 
it to our profeffion, fhould I think thofe would have very fiftn 
ground to fland on, who would argue, that in a conftitution 
governed by law, particularly in the very courfe of expounding 
that law, or debating on it, there can be no room /or the Aw 



Eunonms ; or^ Diai^nif toncmikgfbt LaWy &€, ^i 

nk of genuine eloquence : fuch as, zctotUfvgio the triie i(Ka 
of ity may. command the paffions while it'Conviiices^ the judg- 
ment ; may bear down all*oppofition, and carry every thing In 
triuihph beforeJt. 

* To expkun myfdf, I will not fcruple to fay, an addreTs to 
a jury is the field for eloquence ; as an zMteh to the court is 
for areumont. And thus (however they may accidentallyin- 

.fiermix) the provinces of ftri£l reafoning and of eloquence, ^i 
to the prefcnt application of them, are as diftinA from eifeh 
other, as law and hSt are. Nor yet would I fcruple to allow, 
that in our books much fewer inftances occur of eloquence than 
of logic, though I am contending, that the fame profeffion is a 
fchbol (eft both. The reafon is, one is a dry independent arc 
that borrows no affiftance from occaiion, time, or place : the 
other is fo much indebted to all thefe, and above all, to thei 
form of expreffion and the manner of the fpeaker, that the bcft 
account of it at fecond hand, compared to its original exertion, 
and Influence, is like a print copied from a painting of Titian'a 
<>r Claude Lorain's ; which may be correA enough, perhaps, as 
to the defign, but maft be flript of the pcctlliar excellence of the 
original, its warmth of colouring. And thus it is, that thou^, 
for inftance, the Elements of £utlid, or foipe pieces of Arif- 
totld*s, are the fame to us as they were to thole of his owti 
times ; the remains of Tully or Demofthenes -arc not. 

* With thefe aMowances^ I may venture to add, that foxiia 
few fpecimens in the State Trials may be looked upon as exc€t« 
knt inftances in this profeffion, both of argument and of elcu 
quence: though I confefs for the hitter, it is always better 
worth while to confulc the times, than any books whatever/ 

The Author next makes a tranfitton to hiftory, the ufefulneft 
of which to the fludy of the law, is judicioufly difplayed. But 
we are nbt equally fatisfied with what he has put into the mouth 
of Policrites, with regard to our hiftorical writers. ^ I am fo far, 
iays he, from denying the ufe of hiftory, Edglifli htftory I mean, 
that in my opinion, if any thin^ has a direft and immediate con- 
nedioA with law, it is this, f rather wonder, ib little of this 
Had has been left us by perfons of this profeffion. For who can 
be fuppofed to be better acquainted with the conftitution, thah 
thofe whofe province it is to defend it in fo many (hapes ; and 
who, from the nature of their ftation, are moft converfant in 
records, the pillars of hiftory ? v^ho, from their acquaintance 
with evidence, the manner of ftating fads diftin£lly, and 
examining what is or is not probable, can better fill up th6 
draught of hiftory as it is left us by one of the beft judges of 
antiquity ? ^* Ntquid fa^ Mare audeat^ mquid virt non au^ 
jdeat^ — Perhaps it would be a flender commendation, where the 
track iticif has been fo Mttle frecpiented in this country, to fay 

Z 3 none 



342 ElPmua 3 9r^ Biabguis concerning the Law^ tic. 

none hive made a nearer approach to fame, through this atreniie, 
than thofe who have ftood foremoft in our profeiTion. I think t 
need not explain my meaning by mentioning the hiftories of 
Henry the Seventh, and the Civil War. That this track has 
npt been more frequented by feme of the fame fet of men, may 
be imputed to their want of l^ifure ; in forae ineafure to a deli- 
cacy perhaps, ip declining to relate tranfadtions, in which their 
l>wn part, though often confcderable, was only ihort. But in 
general it is mu<;h to be laoTcnted, that in this country, immor- 
tality pf reputation, which is one great fpur to aSiions^ am( 
wifely made perhaps 

The lafl infirmiiy tfncbU minds^ 
is after all left at the mercy of obfcure and private hiftorianr. 
Wc have few Xenophons and Cxfars; as few Bacons and Cla- 
rendons ; few in any public capacity who have penned memo- 
rials of the times in which they lived ; and deicribed the fceaci 
\n which they aded themfelves/ 

In a note on this paflage, our Author exprefTcs no fmall de- 
gree of diiTatisfadtion with Mr. Horace Walpole, who has pafled 
a fevere cenfure on Sir Thomas More, Lord Bacon, and the 
£arl of Clarendon, as hiftorians ; and who has faid, that ^* it 
is hoped ^o more Chancellors will write our ftory, till they can 
dlveil themfelves of that habit of their profefiion, apologizing 
for a bad caufe/* Mr. Wa! pole's remark, like many others 
which occur in, his works, i$, perhaps, rather fuperficial, and 
a little petulant ; but, at the fame time, we can by ik> means 
agree with the VVMcer of thefe Dialogues, in his high •pinion of 
the hif^orval merit of Bacon and Clarendon. Both tbefe great 
men arc very rcprehenfible for their prejudices, their partiality^ 
and, their undue attachment to the memory of princes who were 
guilty of tyranny and oppreflion.. Their manner of compofi- 
tion, too, can never be juftly confidered as a perfeA model. 
The ftyle of Lord Bacon partakes of the pedantry of the age in 
which he lived ; and Lord Clarendon's is intricate, obfcure, 
prolix, and .fometimes ungrammatical. It is, indeed, often 
admirable in point of flrength and copioufnefs } and hiscbarac- ^ 
ters are drawn with a maiterly hand. They are always beaoti- 
ful as pidures, though they are not always ftridly confocynable 
to truth. 

What our Author has faid to the difparagemcnt of ahfcurt 
and private hljioriam is equally erroneous. In the prefcnt age 
at leaft, in which the fources of hiftory have been fo fully dif- 
played, and an extenfive knowledge of the world, and the moft 
liberal views of things, arc attainable by perfons of almoft every 
rank, why fliould not private men be as c^apablc of hiftorical 
compofition as the greateft of our lawyers I We fliould bie glad 
to kqow what gentlemen of the law could be mentioned, who 

- 6 would 



,*wcmld be likeljr" to write the hiftory of their countiy with ao 
ability, penetration, ancf elegance Aiperior to what we meet 
ivixh in Leland, Hume, and Robertfon. ^s to opr preftnt 
Dialogift, whatever dignity in hi9 proieffign he may now ppf- 
fefs, or hereafter attain, we will venture to foretell, that, un- 
\t{s he fhould greatly nnprove in liberality of fentiment, and 
claffical purity of language, he will not eafily rife to an equa- 
lity with feveral of thofe whom he confiders as ohfcure and pri- . 
vauhi/krians. 

The remainder of the dialogue is employed in pointing out 
the neceffity and utility of an acquaintance with the lawof na* 
tvre, the civil, the canon, the feudal law, and the poiitive 
laws of other countries. 

The fecond dialogue is carried on by the fame perfons, Po* 
licrites and Eunomus, and takes in the whole of the fecond vo- 
lume. ^ It is almoft entirely confined to points in which, lawyers 
alone are peculiarly concerned. After treating on the language 
of the law, and endeavouring to prove that pleading is a fcience, 
the Author enters into a copious difcufEon of the fubje<^ of 
conveyancing; from which he pai&s to the praSice of the 
courts, and all the proceedings refpei^lng a fuit, whether bet 
fore, at, or after the trial. In the courfe of the dialogue, 
many jcnrtous particulars are coniidered ; and the Writer feems 
to have accompUiked his purpofe of intruding young gentle «. 
men, defigned for the bar, in a variety of things relatiM to 
their profeifion. He has, likewife, the farther defign of vindi- 
cating the4Pvifdom of the law itfelf ; with regard to which he 
has fttcceeded in feveral inftances, though he hath not kept him-. 
felt wholly free from the bigotry of tbe lawyer. He undertakes 
a vindication of the law, in refped of its delay and expence ; 
and would even perfuade us, that the poor are nor, in any de^ 
grgf^ deprived of tbe means of fuing for or defending their own 
light^. This is certainly going too far, though we are not in- 
fenfible that mpre may be alledged on the fubjccl than fuperfi* 
cial declaimers are apt to imagine. . 

Toward the conclufion of the dialogue, our Author m^kes . 
Ibmejudicioua obfervations on the difficul des arifing from the 
antiquity of the law ; and ihews how far the ftudy of antiquity 
is neceflary. From thence he defcends to certain lighter mat- 
ters which concern the hiflory of the profcffion; £ijch as its 
feats of. refidence, iu various degrees, the ancient and modern 
qualificitions for thofe degrees, and the mafques and revels for- 
merly^given: by the Inns of Court. The obftacles to the ftudy 
of the law, which proceed from ourfelves, . are next coniidered ; 
and the iiscoiid volume is iintibed with a welKdrawn portrait of 
ao eminent ioouniellor, who had retired from bufincfs. * . , 
, iTo bt ccncluded in our ni^»} 

Z 4 Art* 



r 344 J 

Ait. n. Thi £wni PndiBioms of Dmdti mnd St. John Amon/fratii 

in « fymboUcal tbakgical DiJ/irtation #« Cmt*/ Mit/eum^ 'with Natet 
critical Mui ixflamataiy, s*i m dt^atmj EpiJiU ip tbt Bijbtfk tf 
Cbnciftir. 410. is. 6d. Whcblc. 1774. 

■ Ml » n 'His ig$ fuetus^ 
Dum miKor vires fanguis dabat^ ^tmula rucdum 
Timporibus geminis canebat fparfa femilus. 

SO did Encellus &v, and fo faith Martinus SciLiBi.Bitat9 
who had like finall expedance to be called £rom th^ loag 
and uninterrupted repoie in which he was fieaiing gently forward 
into the land of oblivion. Yet to fee this pert Dures invade mif 
province, and (land aftride with his cosnmmtaridkm over the 
profound abyfs of typi-fymbolo-.theology^ provoketh moft juftly 
mine honeft indignation. 

Tantane patieniir I animalada criiiadaria ! m wu mni atormutH 
hrum fcabiis ! who, or from whence art thou, that actenapieft to 
pervade thofe myfleries which Scriblerua alone was bora to 
unfold i 

Dared thou to lift thy profane voice^gainft the mighty £pi« 
icope of Gloucefler, that Babel *of learning, who hath not 
found his fellow iince the confufion of tongues ! 

O cerebntm ineptiHum I Where waft thou when the Divino 
Legation was formed i faweft thou him who darkened coaftfel 
by words without knowledge ? where waft thou when he laid 
the foundation of his work, or when he ftretched the line upoa 
it.f Whereupon are the foundations thereof faftened, or who 
laid the corner* ftone thereof ? faweft thou when he mado 9 
cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkne(s a fwadliag band 
for it i 

O I inane of intelled, as unfanAiiied of fpirit I deemedft 
thou tbyfelf a fit congrtjfus for the Epifcope of Glouoaficr ? 
thou, who knoweft all doxies fave paradoxes, and he who, llur^ 
ing paradoxes, knoweth no doxies : no, verily, not evea hit 
own doxy, his proper doxy, his orthodoxy ! 

Knoweft thou not the wonderful depth of his learning ? re- 
membereft thou not the miraculous knife wherewith be armed 
Abraham, to facrifice his fon Ifaac i how that be made, him no| 
lift up an iron tool upon him, neither a tool of Chahiean bntfs, 
nor vet of Shittim wood, bi|t a tool made^ of allegory ; w4iich 
word I have fince difecwered to be derived from the Arabic tfl 
and lagifTy that is, God's hard wood ; for this is & bard kind of 
wood common in the £aft, that anfwereth to our horn boaoi. 

And here, verily, I cannot but ftand fliil to macvcj at