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O R» 


From Jakvary to Jvke» inclujht, 



Printed for R, G R i f r i T h a : 






E5, AVTHORs' Names, Sec, of 
canons reviewed in tbU Volumo» 

N. n. For NKUAm^Attti PAiiAOtt, in the C^iiio/tti uid 
Rjtir^^t^ ke Uie I N D E J(, «t cbc End of the Volum*. 


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At«a<». la^iiT bit ib« r#<a «f t^« 

ilrrairi^. SrtWrTatii. 
AT«a>i. ft«Y*vna, 





A^pctt #D ChfJrtnlktm WiUr, )j6 

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0ATi> WtTtn, Nitnlj^af the EllicKy 

4'. m I'l'ilvTiE Dilird'rtn cje 

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CAHCtiA. See FpiToiia 
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CAiv'iDl4lotuqDfL»iin,Va1. in. jSa 
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GaiTwvicht^ PJitonic Mirrii^E, 530 
Caiavx, Mu^uJi d«^ » the MtcbuiliD 

«f Socktio, JO I 

■ Fnmlht Saifr Ai 

CutifddrMitiif, Ac, 441 

Caiiiha, ■ Pieen, 17S 

Cawtil*! Acidemie LcffbR-, ift« 

CuAtMEiri EflimUc of the Stien^th of 

Gr»t BriiiiAt if) 

CiAfeLit FilkJind, JI9 

CiiAiT>*i*t SermoH, 49s 


See Bakhv, 
C«i»il4TiiV' Sec SircEOWi 
Chilis oFChuife, i6{ 

C^iltTf Av'i Proprlj of Wir, lo 

CtAviVRi V rff Wabvilli.— iJf /i 


Clotut, BiAap ofi en The p^ctcM Sure 
of ih« Chdrcb of Inlud, J41 

Cr IT ICKIHAHE OD thc Alt&rll]D| Vf f- 

CoilKV'* Trinflvion of Abbe CJ^ti-* 

ftro'fc HtA. nf Mriico, C^j 

Cum I of Semi n't n(, 44(1 

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to. 514 

DAtClR atOUT DiKiifl. J40 

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bf, It Cirirarrhrni C41 

Datiii'i HiAarici] Tr,t£1% 69 

Davt^i Ajftrn oTDif^nirf, 47 j 

Dial Ciftlr, AcC' or tbi LoAof, «47 
DivDTiriNi f"' iheSicr4p»Dt, 91 

DihCLi¥'i PjEifh Officer, 176 

DULNTIIiaiTKI> Niboh, 447 

DtiitHT !■■' ApptictiLoDE«Piiliair«ii(| 
PubliciiioHi ieiaiiTe to, 347— 344, 
514*51 D. 

DoHiiTic PKyficiiHi 160 

DoirQLAi'a NtEig BfiianitMt 77 

Dowamc'i Jouta>l, K4 

EAIT iHPlBlr TnAirel. \o, 70, t77> 
„, , J4S-4*>.44t 
EDiMotcn DirpfniBfciT)!, 515 

EcT^T, Lfcrcri an, by Siviry, 567 

EticTliCAi Michincio Te^'ler'aMn- 
feu3t ir Hatrlcjp, Dr, Via Maium'k 
EaperimcDia wiihf 5S1 

Eltblda* ■ Notfli 369 





fc»tt4i|iLtvi>4T»ti,it4,»j6, IP 
r* k*it(lp «« l4i-Lf niiwift. ^1 

; T4«" lEllj, JJ^ 

CiiiiA^'t tradlur>«E4«*i AC' v> ihc 


C»ll IWO" A*|l M W*cV.fco*jff% 71 

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Ok >, rruii/r Of^ lu 

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H* ■ tft 

■^ ■ ■ f »b!iwtai» itl. t«b >» 7 '• 
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4rttcf r*t«l>r1v> 40 




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Aft 3«1 

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llamiiv't A(n44b» vu PikJU«j*i St. 
I ^<»<* vit Ci^rirrsit'iaif, {4^ 

— ■ — ■ at Ei«l|V'i 
* M>(>finAk*] Ti>a^ 4I4 

)aiiai4ii, IjiBir^ BcitTii af, 147 

^ ■ vf*C|*«i*» r'^T-fi— rj- 

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J ItAHr^Arr, Hlfhof af, fait C:ht<ri, 


^tTTlK tfllJinvnJ Burkr, EA). 16 1 
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HEtr ID Pbtr, Fox, 151 

_ - ID HcroDt 3H 

— IQ ihf Dcpu'ia afihc DifTcnl- 

ini CftngrT'itJaDt, 31-7 

_ rn Cilben, 445 

.^— — — ID t Mrmbtr or PiiLiiniEDL od 

the Difffftipri' C<f*, 51+ 

j_ . — 10 Houfm'n, j44 

I.KTTVI* of Albt/licni, 71 

^ ^ Df in EnylLihfttio, 71 

^ ^ — -of ■ Fricfld lo ibc Rockin|- 

him PirtT, 155 

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■ rftD»Ed Hume, 541 

htvrit\ EicurRon i" MiFfiie, *£$ 

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ta>ri>cii Goidt, 16 

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LdKd WjnoOTib, 366 

LauiiJi, or ihr CuEriEC on tHe U«ir> 4^ 
Lvc, \f, if.'^^i'ttr'J^ih, VjI. I. 311 
LucAV. Sec Poui-ii« 

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MffiCAN^i Snfnop 4t HtreTixda ' i^t 

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Mdrii'i C'fE, j39 
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toieof, 1^5 

MtraiLAir'fEDETifh Curnmir, 35^ 

Niflioiii Trifti rtlitiTC [f^ 7K, 91 

NtNrA flnVdiiirifri, . 77 

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of £Ul, CuOJUQ^JIDIj 9S 

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OHivvvA-riDifi o> ihcUAt And 
Ahult of thfi Liv, tjK 

P*(i I. 177 

' on ibe politUi] TtDdcnry 

of ihe CHniDCtcial Trtai^, 14^ 

— — 00 the Ca^ flf Ihe Pro- 

Irfljrpt DTfTentH', 34^ 

0*Li*iy'i D*fcftM, (40 

Ol jvi/, I Novel, 51^ 

Orl An[)o ind Scftpbioa) 1 Novc^ ^aB 





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a«A11it«T<'i Hind to Fimiliet, 5|j 

SvCDKftBORO U ibc Nc« JifatMlemt 

BwiiiiitAirv, Tffar tbrvu|ti, 357 

^■TTM of ApiioaiT* 'S9 

.^i* — > of Divihilj, bj T>trjf 473 

ftf^tKi of ihe Jitb inJ Ijlh Crntir- 
1. 'if»» S9 

TiACirwiLL'i Spchinn-btfol!, tdi 

Tbitahi^t, Greek— Sr WoiliE. 


TiiiTiBT H tht Sinatiaii of tb* EaA 

India Cimipinjr. 345 

TcLLrv't^rdiDiion Wiirpn'iDcuht 4f 
TvTT, BhOq dr, Appcntfii ta hit Mc* 

Tottix'i TrdBfliiJDa of Hmb«t|, 41 

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TiATiia tbiuyih SkJJj, Ac, b^ Mr, 

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TimAtvKT *f Wit, 445 

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wii ruMi, ftc. ijj 

TmAi of A«KrTi )jt 

Tftl>iM1i~4 0«Ean«m)raf Chirhf, 4^6 


ViunicATion of ihff TkiI;, 
ViiioN, ■ Poem. 

VlTJAK 00 ili« AweliMop, 
UhIvzisal CilcuUi4^r, 157 

VofAcii lOp u4 DiccoKnel la rhc 
Korthf Hiflorj ofj Sii 

Uiwiric'iSuiD.DaFaraiEt'iDHib, 54) 

WAKlf IlLo't EdlLLH of Gilj'l 

Walki, Prince vf, In^airr IhId bit Cile. 

Waip'i TtialUiuin of K^ailaj'a GtiiUt 

WAftviLLt, M< ^,—ExMmim Criiim 
4tt y^jagu iiM.U Mtrf„h di C^jfal- 

' ' ■ — & M, CIif]^«,^J^ 

It FrMmCf, 3f J 

Wat»k. Sec LAiTDArr. 
WiktoH'i (Snpbrn] Sumvp, on Tftltb, 

fSfmtttt) SvTiHB « Iht Bl A«r 

cf Eieitr'i Vifit4(LDa, m70 

WjijTAjeii*! Dtilac<iM« Efa«TriDiif, 


WiLiciirt'* TnodjifoB of tht Bbjgtiu 

WjLLjtH on Cbnfl'i hUnltlrj, 91 

William d| Ndtipaik*, ^^i 




For JANUARV.'i^B^. 


KjrrflhaKoraeToobe. A. M. lucofSi. Joha'i Colk^. Ccfl^ 

TT^EW pe/fbnt ccuM ifvc£i it the obJcA erf cbift kuocd u>d 
X* *aj ifigcniout ptihlLciiion, by ihe lUk wbich iht Author 
mik giftA i(. Who wrouU fnppofe thai the DiwrJkJU tfPvfl^ 
Mowi iK4hin^«nort thtn pfofovnd ctymoUigicAl rcl<iichcs imo 

fMtU] ihu irw%p\crr^ in ihvJr biMb, xhtir Er<wib, ihcir nh- 

fiitvvci inc fok cnccruinni«nt uf ihii ruriuui work. 

PvKLir Ml Ihc r<u of i'rcr^VDt BffldOiJW. Oar Ajthor b 
fuiipoM u» bare 1 Jecrcc attacb<»cni 10 fhc ptuc, from the rt*- 
ft^ntion ifi which b« hoJdt tb« n-.ttao^y of iii former polTrSbr. 

in eniliit£i/l in $oy fyAem of po^irici or icLh^icit, will have tii« 
hotj ^roimd to fpicc of wa And n<JicuIc. Dft Joh/ifon ^iui JtW 
(bu! not It Pttri^)t and difdiiocd l^< frigid pHf)ofi,'pb]r (bit 
«l* yAOOvcd »( fach fcenci u hod becci dj(nificd by irifioo** 
hr%vcr|r» or vliiw* ' Tbai nun (ftyt the great moiatiA) i> liulc 
10 b«afifi«d| vrbor« piiriorifoi v>uld oo« lEiin force tipoo the 
pUla of UifAibtM]/ it is tMi ihi» ptincjpic ihai M'. Took« 
jmon ftO»monly known, a» b patiioi, «i.-id«r thenaiDe of Mr. 
Horoe) kiadJ:i wiih tbc nobk fire of tibcrty, when be rtficUi« 
th4i the rp» ba dailr Erradi «a« billowed b)> (h£ frci of him 
wtMdared touampUoin rt>y»Uy itTdf t«Ad who, rifingfuptilor to 
Ihc foimi of Uw, ^puTn«^J ^fo at th« fotnv of <lecoiui^ \ and 
Atll more Dtthly rifqiifd tb« carfe of God, ui4 tb« cscecratiott of 
potter il|, <o b< in )( hie monarch in the blodt. 

TM prtfenE Dixttrjmi «/ /'Anr/^i'^ ar« aor, indeti, ilEoffed 10 
lake fo fcnodi « lutn, And U is foitkevibai tSwrtiKi 10 ke tbc 
Aerce parrtoi ramed into ao tiymologiff [ though aow arid l^cn 
ibe old fpini bfc^ka ibro'^gb ib< cloud (bat opp:ti£cl itc liifiro 
of frecdtrtn : — 

\9U.LXXVU » Itariff, 

% Home Tooke'i Divtrjans »/ Purkfm 

* Stirinei IrcmendoDSt wiiK a th/eit'ning eye. 
Like {ome fierce T^tatfi^iir <Ad Tapc£by, 
.The 0M4b J iir/Wffl tyrartn'iif^^:c^t once waved ihe utpofither^^ 
and wift rctdy to make-r-*'- 

t - — I — ^ — i-'_-thiTyrt&tfeeI 

The keen fti^ Tvarchingi of the fa/riot'j Jle/I, 
DOW ho1d> the ^i^t^ia fceurgc the grimminans : and, hivmg 
flogged ihrougb^ffir whole fchoo>, r^foublei iu ftiokes on l.ord 
Monboddi> — a»if unwilling to Jeavc hit Lordlhfp one found 
point to fit ^00. 

Wt'^apc'Mr, Tooke will gtre ua ss much room to admire 

birW'x'^ur " ^^ ^^ ^i^ '^■11- ^c who ccnrores and laugha fo 
^cljr*at oihcri, hath no tight to complain if others indutge m 
, little ridicule at hit expenct. But let thii be hia conCoUtion, 
that if hif mantur of lighting be condemned^ yet no one can dif- 
pule hia claim lo the viSory j and if vre fmile at the gatrioi, wt 
iDuft applaud the fchoUr. 

We fhatJ DOW enter on the coofideratjOn of the prefent work ; 
and we cannot better befriend the inCerefta of Englilh liicratuae 
Ibaa by giving our readera ■ general view of its contenia. Th^ 
Author bath the finguUr honour of throvrine light on fuch parta 
of fanguvge ai had been left in great obfturify by a^l preceding 
lexicographer! and etymologifka; and (he Divtrfiani tf Pkrirf 
have laid the foendation for a new fyftem of grammar, which 
we hope 10 fee flill farther extended by the re&afchn of this 


Home Toi^*; Dictrjkni tf Purl^ 3 

In the firll chapter the A»:hor eipof**. In > vffy liveljF ai*n- 
iinttb< g'CAt QiiHiIco into vhich ^[rimaiiMani in6 phHoro^hmi 
titr Ull^n, i& ih'lr JVvn] Afwm^ii to enumrfirc the diflin^ 
puti of fprecb. Some btvciIlL^s^ thirty; ind none bive ac* 
4aowIfiJft«^ t[f» ihict eight- Bm: Eh? ctron of ^iiiDni«rUii> 
liArcii»rc.i Ot>m ruppofiOK ill vrordi to bo itnnfd-attfy^ either 
tbe^jBj of Tii:vo3, « ihe^^Juof^ imAt; vhrrnt, jci fift* 
nuij wnrdft irc mertlf MreitiAtUnt einpIo;«J for JT(';>afCh, ind 
*re ihcji^itf o'oTiiiK WORDS. * Thtfcire (be »tilli<iilu*i«/i 
9f Mtrt^rj [«fliA w1r/j«i7j(), by meaoft of vrbicti the Argij»-C)C< 
«f pbifofophf bivt been cheated/ 

T^ingeniout Author protee<h roflrI;> Meretiry of his wingr: 
for Oivy do »ot indict i par[ cf hit body, ii it cnlv eo loofe iho 
Aiifig* ffo>ii hjfr frci and t«[ce oiT hb cjp - anJ «c ibill l^CD fos 
w^«i fori of I 6^jre h: vjiJ m^ke wtth<iut ihcm. 

The £rll aioi of Iinguij^e wj» to fimia^v^Vdif our thongbli i 
ih* fcrond, to do ir wr:6 Jif^ih. The difivulcici *nd dirpiicei 
CAoetrnirg titi^QBee h«vc «ri(cn ifvxril cntifel^ from negle^^rng 
the eonfidfriti^n of the litfef puipofie of Tpctch \ which, ihou^ti 
r«bofJ[f^te to the fornMr, ii almcfl «« neccHiry to ibe com* 
mncr of .-ninbtntf, ind hi4 3 much grcuer flictc iti xcovnLnj 
f»r th« different fofis of wgrd«. 

Ji^rrv-athvi flrr employed inlui^tis^ three ira/>: 
I. In ttimi. 
t. En fiiMt of wotdf. 

Mr. Locke*i KfTay i» Kknowlrdgeil dy our Author to W llit 
hri! gukJc ru ihc fiifti but lE i» the feecnd only ihn he unirr' 
alcci toitrudroEeiixdiJDrold inthe i^refent wtrk, bec^ufchltberift 
it luih cTciped the pfoper notice of »\\ who hive wriueo on ibe 
fMt& of griBMnar. 

la the jJc(Hid ehjplcf Mr Totkc bncf!y CDnfi^m time poC- 
i>QCi» of Mr. Lock« I ar^s though ht yroUStt a veeeratioQ for 
hri cb^rsAer, ^ei he befiutci not lo uv, that tn ihc Efijj on 
Mumivt UftdrtftaAdifigf the gfc*t writer nt¥«r did s^vance one 
ttrp hcvond ihe OTkj^iaof idcit and ihe compui&tioB o^ tCf ml* 

Mr. Locke wit noi fo^icjently awaie of tnc fn'cpinbte coa* 
iK^oii bflircen vrori) igJ knowtcdi:e k ^^ ^« hid, ii b pre* 
litOkci ibai be w.^U not have talked of the tubp$^i n tfidw I 
b«if wouU bir« pticeived tbal it wai OKreljr 1 comrivanea of 
Nn^jgc, and that the only cuflipolirtoii was in the f^m, aod 
cnfifequfiiiljr fhii it wat at improper 10 taJk ol a tttafUx i^a, af 
h VOiifd be 10 eJJ a c^oftcliaiioa a latnfitx Jiar. In fad, tbef 
•f« not »dcav, b«i mcjeJj tarcAt) which are gertral and ab- 

Mr. Lofke'i refining agaiijl rimer/ Itfeii is cc^uilly co^t^t 
ftioA the ttJfft^Mn of >deaa. The ivtoicr oo norc involve ao 

B I abfwivtf 

"31 'Horirt Toble'j Dntirjnits if PurJ^i 

tbfkirdity than tbe latter. Bath in im^offible on the princti^ci 
of Mr. Locke'a thrary, and on t pbjficfti confid^itlbn of tbc 
|*nrc4 in^, of the mind, 

- Tfaect^ptcr tbu [rcAta xA ptrtUJtt in. the EBay 6a Human 
Underftanding, ia very uniatbudory. The Aibjeiff ii treated in 
V loofe, uocettain mauBcr, as If. the Author had not fettled bi» 
opinion concerning the ;R0nflff-, of figilificatTon of WQTdir 
■ Mr. Locke fuppofed, with ArifloEle, Scaliger, and Mefll dc 
.Port Royal^ that offirmlng and ikt^ing were operations of the 
' mind \ and referred all the other words to the fame fourcej 
:* though (fays Mr: Togke]. if the dUfcrent Torts of words had 
been (as he wu willing co believe) to be accounted for, by the 
j^iFfrent operations of the mjnd, it was almoft impoJSble tbey 
fhould bive cicapcd the penetraiing eye of Mr, Locke/ 
■ The reader ought by no ineans lo lofc iight of Mr Tookc^s 
.poAiion — for it u the lesdrng prlotripk of his whole work-^vis, 
■ihal partUia or induUnahie words (as they have been called), fuch 
jKs eonjunf^Lona, prepofmons* ihdaa verbs, are the /^j ^ 
4>TKEiL wpRDs: ihcf aie merely abbreviationfi coplrtved for 
the difpacch of language: and the fou'rce of all ihe errors into 
which grammarians have been led, arifethfrom con&derlng them 
fimply as fhe figni of idtati, or the Sgnt of tfjings. ' Into whsit 
blujiifcr^ mi^ht not the ari of ftiarl'h^nd (pjaiitifed at moil citd 

h^inwn along h iWioothlj, and caHT^^ and fwifilf. *1 & C*'- 
fiijt wiih whcflij iMit It Hiay b« dr*;;g*^/ He thertfurc ntain-' 
uJiU, thu ' wiihoui «Iifi£ toj othct lori of wor^i w^hittveft 
iftj ^erdf bf tftc meifvc o/ tlie noun ind Ac verb alonr^ wtf 
CM C^ntonunicsCc or (tliic any (bln^ th<t #C cm feliW Of cotAJ 
m'vnirife wiih the help r4 jtT tbr oihcn." Tlidu^h* Indeed, he 
ickno«kd^CT, lh*l withoul aHf/tt^isnt liBgtt*gc cm get OH 
htt hrncly ', iud ihrrcforc l!ir^ bjVe bcrn iflffoJuCCd* U diifc*- 
««t Openly, »i»d more €t Uh hnjspil/, la itl )«n;;Lift^. 

Dpua llwlc two point)^ ibbccriition ofurtnu tad >bbT«9ii- 
tioe In ii}k majr'ntr tf figntfi^aXii^ of w^d<> dcp;n(k ihe c«:d- 
ICACCOf crcif lao^ajt^. 

In the fiii^tr pfo^rtft of ffk intcriotji work, the Amhot'* 
ft>Qtion if faiHy pui ik> The crul, fi ii^ «xifrire<f vfilh ttc iroft 
ligid CKi^nc6. Objfainni xte proporcd in (ticif fuUcft ftKn^h, 
ud infwercd clearly, cnrauuTy, ind fuiifAnofil/. Evcry^ "f* 
£nion i» tjppottcd bj fc^rt^n ^n^ diuflfixcd bjr cxim^te. Tttc 

Jravnd u citircd by ibe Auihor ai he idvidCCt : u^d tbe cy^nfi* 
fnce which he huh in the Uurh ft^id fitmacd of h» fyrtcm; 
bnih him to jnirtic criicrC^, ind even <0 TcCh out oSJ^^icinv^ 
He difHircc noikln^ : he piflH over nothing in liiftei inJ-hii 
{v\c »!&) retmt fo bf, to get fiifly at 4(te iruib, acd 16 fAtfly li 
comtn jnicAic ii to <jrhcrT. ' 

Ttic fjujtl) chapter irciH «f muMt \ attd i no«n i* JeRnoJ (• 
W, ibe /niff4 Of fTA/Av^, the fariic^r Of ga^^t /s* » '"■^ 

la thii chafer Mr- Toake »ery r<rcffifutly oreetbrcwft \fr, 
Himr* pori»L>n relitivc tox^B^i^ii «"d fiy*. ih*l »n hiirei- 
ronJJig ttC^eQ]ag thr grndcri or the /tm and mm* it fjUvtojfi 
loe id Eba BA^thera Ungut^ci /iri 11 ftnijttiae, md m««ri it R^i'''- 
ctiTine } indcfd fo fctnrnfnr it itie fun, th^ our tjofEheen tcjtbdr 
logy makfi her t*ic tcif/^t Tuifco. 

Cbi^, V, Of ikc tnidie and iifWjr^hv. 

The Atithor lik^f uic pan of t^e amcle a^iiift thofc grim * 
Minans *ho degrade jI (I-ic the Ab[>c <iiiM[J) to the fcumWc 
Ai(i4sn of ^iffivt-tntiari largely tn innounce the approich or eo- 
tnjQce of a no«t. Scilittr ^DovinJ on it moit Ofprobrlout 
Ungvi^c flilJ, He cjUe<l il • rf/Vww heu^JpmM givth m/f^rif' 
mriSirm.* M^ Toaltc endcavotif* to reltotc the article lo itt 
pfi^itivc hooodr ; but in viuJicating iii righti, he h\\\ fouT odi 
T*x- Inter jcdi 00, and lr>adt it with i«ore ibuAbf and coatemptu* 
0U1 cpitb<;T« th4M Sciligcr 'pplieiJ to the artkTe, *■ Tta luiitift* , 
inirikulilc inEeijrflron (fjit he), ivhic^ hii noEhjftg lo do with 
Tpeech, ind ij [he iniJerablc <Ki\i^ of the f^iccchle^, hat 
Arrvn peimirted, becsufe beamifuL and esvdy, to ufurp a plnce 
stttOOK Vorda, and 10 cacludc the atucle front in wcll-cvned 


6 Horne Toote'j Dhtrjani rfPurUf* 

thebtrkingof a dog, fncciing, cougfiingt groining, Ibnckioc 
and evrry other involuntary convulfion with oral found, have 
mlooft ai good a title to be called pirts of fpecch at intcrjcdiona 
faavc. > . > And, indnd, where will you lock for the interjec- 
tion I will you find it amongfl Uw, or in tKioka of civil inf\jni- 
ttoni, in hiftorr, or in any trcaiife oF ufeful ant or fciencei? 
No- YoD nay fcek for It in rhetoric and poetry, in novch, plaji* 
and roinancct/ 

Though Mr. Locke hath not once mentioned the article^ yet 
lie hath fufficiently proved iti ncceffity, by his obfervatlonft on 
the ufe and impofLance of ^erural ttrmt* Our Author eflabliftes 
the neceflity of the aiflcJe on the ground of Mr. Locke*! rea- 
foning!, and ohfervcs, chat it it the bufineft of the article to re- 
duce tha^^wr-^A'/jr of terms, 2nd, upon occafion, to enable ua lo 
employ gtntral firms for parthulars. If, in combination with a 
general teim, it ii ^fubfihuUt yet it is \nHtJfary rubfliiuie, which 
is tnofc than can be faid of ab^rrviatient thai have been advanced 
into diftmfl paKA of Tpeech : fur they are Mtl ciTcntial to the 
communication of our thoughts. 

The TubAance of what it advanced In the four Tollowing 
chapters hath already been communicated to thePublic in a let- 
ter addrHTcd by the Author to Mr. Dunning in the year 1778 *. 

Hit refloflioos on Che fate of bit profecution f for a libel 
againft the flatCt are partly fprious and partly ludicrous. Wc 
will not repeat them, becaufe they have licflc concern with phi* 

tmion of ibc irard itpffrcivc«t,afieri1iccoDllruSmn cf tbc fen* 
ttncc ■■ rrtblMrd- 

E X A u r i. r. 

< ] w^l^ QM viirdJj hurt a Jiv ; I ivtih yoa lo Mievc tsat" 

' She kaoMrlii^ TMJtT Critakt hij tirrn ir^ij^rd for forj;^! ^^ 

* O^oke Hid t>»B indi^d for fvr^ry ; fht, kn^winjt r AAV,dii 

It tDd r^ 

A'tcr th? date Biuttier out Author pr^rimer, tfaii ill rcJii«nrc» 
mty be r«L'<ik'C4J lo sM Ur)^v»]t«), whcic ih« coojunftioii r^, or 
rUc^uir^Ufii, ii nn{tk>}<i3; ind by fuch jclGlutioa it nrJl tU 
nj% be difcovrrcd to htvt mtnty th« fjivtc force and fignifcii- 
lioo, inJ IQ b« »o f«^ nachijigcJh'e hut the lerj Tkik w^rd 
vbkli, in otf>rr placet, ii eilled an £ftitU or > pwtmitn. 

In > oo«c the Auihoir obfcrvcs. ih«t Ht t> not cxt'iordirrarf 
ikis ur Miii U«Ou Jboald bcinJjfT?'rcii[l>' DfrJ ft* itic fa^nccciijunc- 
firr pvrporr: 7«( Rt vt (arTftlnsLlIjr wrICErn tii) i« itoching buc «1> £ 

A) if Qtiop (jiafirfiilv'^'riticn quonnEj mereij K^vr^ Kii# 

(by A »>ri^c aF il.ocbwdAer. bjtnoiof tht /^tfQci) bvcA'n^ tlke]«Allb 
^i i&d K-'fjlibofctf ii)L>£io±^' ttti—Q^Mt-^tieiiJf^i^J^ 
* , . . TWch«aee of r tela □, and f/4V«w^ U fvniiiir w tU 
w^ ktrr fwr piiil tbr TnilMt xirntioa lo Uogud|;«.* 
Aa BxtrnfU ir^d a ktfthJtt^ are prodvccd. 

Or, in LogUIh thui : 
E'* * Tfa''4tti rif? hj alfihi tjiat tbcy mir eat met'i tKrMti- 
Rii' * Tkievo D#x tut iMo'* ihriMU f/wj th*t /"/*'/»/'^ tht/ 

rife by Bighi. 

In <fte £vc«tih and ctgbib cb>peert t)ie Author treitt of ««- 
Jv9^iw ia {cnenl, vtd of the ttyntUu of En^U^ ^vtSfiMt in 

Tbe Uie of cof^jundiors haih been veriout, Mr, HirHi fiTT« 
• Ihii ittcy Jppejr m prjnrnir, tfStc a-ToptiyiM in naiurc, a kind 
of oiHJdlc bfin^i uf ivi[fhibJOLifiehkf j^ter^ wnieh, by fluxing tbe 
fc ftitf ibvtei i>f itic bigticr imi tbe tuwcr, coitdoce to Imk the wbols 

I Ur. Tookr oiakei bimJ<lf very merry w!ih ibii dcBottioo, entf 
kflrm, Ihit * It it impoflibJe ia ccfivey a nsthivg in a more it* 
^ke»iOu niDDer,' And l^rd M'^nb^do ci.<ek« >n fut « fbare oF 
^Tbe rtdkuW thrown rm Mr, Hii-rii'i • zt^ffihjfffs / for i^ry hive 
>w«iiderUl *a :oif^reiri«ri oo bii L&r£ihip*i f*ncr, UiK 



f Home Tooke'f Tfmrfim tfPmksi 

ht faith ufcd the allufion, at kaft tvcACy ciotct, In tbf ino^tA 
of his work on laoguigff i and fecmi to he tlwAft buoting afier 
exiremei, merely for 'the fake of intfoducing theni. 

Conjunctions have been compared to ptuvut on heloiets, la 
^nui!/rf to cups, 5fc. ice; they bate been called the mmii and 
pptiift ihcglu'r thc^f/fj6, and the nr^jr oriaDguage. 
' With fuch finuliei as thefe, the reader batb ktet) ufrnffd^ 
while the grammarian b^th luckily ibVltercd bit igiiorance. 

But all the vhile tbe true natgr^ of the conjundion vaa 1^ 
in the dark. 

Mr. Tooke hath brought it out of the Qiade of myfterf and 
nonfenfe, aod given it a proper pbce .»nd ^uion^ not among 
pmtuatting or balf'mionmziniUcIinahlti^ but among wordi that 
liaire boch declcnfion and hgnihcaiion too. 

fle hath given u< a table of the conJDofiionfti and from % 
Comparifbn of then with their original SAi^oif rooti, it ii clear 
th2t they are Vfrh^ u£cd either at ptrrtidfifiy or in tbe mptr^iivf 

We will preftnt our readcn with a fpecimeut which wtll tt^f-r 
j^cicncl^ explain the Authoi^o general idei. 

l^f «»j tifi coiDc ffarn ihc CamB cowstcm root CLfgran^^ ani 
b«it (he C*me ^^iiifWAiion- TJicy tlw^yi iiopl^ ihkt fLfH^thio ^ 
U^JmijM ^tfpt'dy or put «iif #/Mf u^. 

TIM Aoiht^r iracn ibe eifmoiofy of ibr i^ihcr £ri^1iITi con- 
^•vAieitt wiib grut HciU i^d li«g«nuif/ } aixl tJUt>1i0;?t hit ob* 
fcrrAiUKkta by the clcirdt ciiampJct. 

CH'pccr [be nIftUi dircuHV) tt^ nMurt anl ft^EGcitlon of rbe 
pnft^Umu G'in[n*n>Q> arc mgci^ Ji>iJf4 4rTii>ri{ Lhcmt'clvci 
tftour cbc'noaibtr of l^^e picposlckn*- Th« inrkac Grcti: 
gniDmAninr on^jr admiitcd ci^;eva: the ancjciit Litifi gfvm- 
BiiriAni About kitf. The otCHlCfni hivo poc Ivtfled ibe (viirtc. 

Mr. T^kc b1a«KS the phil<i£iipbcr& more ttun tAe le»to>r»> 
pben. Av ibe fnrmer hart «ot ^cQr>rd the n«(tirc of tbc.pfifH^ 
IiEt^nt, It ti rto uron(J«r ihiC ih« 'Mi«t Ih^uitl b: (6 much difi^^i 
aboui ETieir Hwmiirr'. If A ctfu and dcEaite jccouni, h*J bnn 
eircn of ihcm, tbeir pf Ccife ftucnbtf vr^uld hive btcnccttunU 
loown i idJ ibcif number in ftii Un|ti»{c» wovJd kuvc been ^U 
r^Ti ihr fame. 

Qyr Autboc Uti it iown i) 1 rutf« tbttt of Ji^^^mt luguaficf* 

m Will by uo mrani acknuwIrJgc ittM (he t^rcpoiiEtun 11 tn 
fjUftJi'M^ word. !c hhth i proper ircinirg of irt i'w. The 
pftpoJitioma, t> well ** thtCQQjuaSiivatt tic lo be rnuid a^ong 
ch« oi^cr pirn of fpc<ch. Tne Time fort of corrupiionj from 
tbc faoJc caufe, {MihilifguiffJ boib. U » cariom to jU tbc 
dilKrfnt iccuvn^f that hitr be<Ti gi»e« cl thctn by diRercnt 
Mfnmuiaot i aitdibc hard fiiifti ibat hAvc been ftiadc to account 
for ibcir origiti and applkaljori. All ine confufioj^^ and all ibc 
pv(rt<f[£lioii iDEo wfaich iboM Wliicrt hate iAUn^ ar&le cnerely 
fiofs iSeir [pnt jrtrceivin^ ihat pjcpoiUioJia arc ut faA citlier 
jMHim or rrrbf in dif^ujft. 

'laciuwlcdeeiiiem.'riyi ihe AutW, ' tObenn^aubfcJiynfcer- 
firj. Vqt, >a ibc ixcdlitjr of tbeiv''^^ [°' of fuateequrvjlpar l{»ivn* 
044) folio*' f'om Th^ topoftbili^jr cf N^i'iftJ in iar.^ijj^^ J. jfAlb^ 
pt^r.^, ^ar!r-»ui-' ■>-'- TlX' each paitif«1ar In dividual i4jj ; i'o Jum tho 

^f- ofof fdinfr^uiknile a: invention) fvlEo-v front 

the ,,.,:,.. -;. ^; !--.r ^ in language a tfilUnd) itx^ltx ^tem f >j each 
4(il'Knt iel4t/J:t9 4/i^t vMcli t>c uu^ bait occtrruQ to^ui :oficihfT 

lo ..:/>->, riV The addition '^'fJlJfrJ^'tlon of fft^t.^i'"- ■' '^^ f'iy^ 4 
t*i ikai i: a ifi.?rtf=[ c.'ikflA-fi : and [ift'iL . roo 

^f i,,. ^„,... a/ J K i» llill imi'C imp^nib'c to wfc )P^ Ja- . iTfi- 

fac a/>J dlj:;ai:l itjrjiix 11 fi fj,' c<>ch Jifete^t «aJ dj ' .«</* 

^^_" '* " '■'. 11 Lo uie a *iilUa*l f^rtL-aUr ttta for i:*.lij |ijriifj(j>r 
|f.^ il itlea. To fjfJpt/, strcrfofT , tlic fhcf of the Co«r 

ttle* .<if-ii "itk^ a^e vantiaif ib a lao^ktagc, u inc jjrep&fitioQ ecn* 
jloye^. fijr urboCe aid it^fun Er/mt aie |ire'cnted Ustrtt hf:\t^x v>i- 
\u^ M^aocK'^Wfatdajc uit4 onijrf*;? ti^C; ci^lafioftaof i^a% 

1 Home Tooke'j Dmrjms §/ ?wrkf% 

which we have moft frciiaently occaJion t# mention in difcoaHe. And 
tbii end ii obuincd in the moft fimple monacr in the world. For 
having Dccifion in commnnication to mention n colleftion oF idu«t 
for which there '^^ no one tingle compUjc term in the Itngniget we d* 
thcr lake that complex term which jadudei the greireA number, 
ihoDgh not a//| of trie ideas we would communicate ; orelfewerake 
thai complex term which indadei aii, and the fewefi tdeai more than 
ikofe we would commnnicite : tnd then by the hefp of the prepoli- 
lion, we either make np the defcienc/ in the one cafe, or retrench 
the fnperilaity in the other. 
' For inJUnce, 

' i« jf jt«{/? wiTKotJT a r^f/"-' 

■In the firftinAance, the complex term 13 deficient: the prepofttioB 
dircfki toAdd what it wanting. In the fecond inAancc, the complex 
tcrmiiredandant; the prepofitioa direct to take away what it fu- 

' Now conCdering it only in this, the moll Hmple light, it ii abfb* 
lucely neccflary, id either caJcj thai the prepofition itfelf Ihould have 
■ meaaing of it* own ; for how could we otherwire make known by 
it our lOtenEion, whether of adding to, or retrenching from, the do* 
ficient or redundant complex term we have employed ' 

* if to one of our modern grammarians 1 ihould fay — " A Homft^ 
JOIN,'* he would aik me — '* Joiir iv^ar/^-^Bui he would not con- 
tend that JOIN %\ an indeclinable word» aad_ has no meaning of iu 
own : becaufe he knowt that it is the imperative of the verb, the 
other parta of which arc il ill in ufc ; and \\i own mraaing i^ cEcir to 



Home Tool*'/ Divtr^i ffPurtty. if 

tM vtirdi WITH tc^ jojy, ii* thai ike o:W partt of the verb 
ijl^fi^t * prtSwj '*/■«'• (of fttkli WITH i» the impcnmc] ha»« 

• 1» Att^i H OUT « «^,' 
< Aft4 Hidr«d Co f'jT h>« tlwsyt t««a pUiply pcfColTedj tKM wjtm 

pjibowi JuionAinf ittbit the i«viai tAJIy were, kii yci 4clJ opfdh 
■d ibcir mcBiuBa, ahf-re he ityi ihti wm ti 11 ■ prr^roftLoo — ** ie- 
Utfng to th< ftoiTo« cf/tttilnr drcunifUnfp af /nnt^ afrmt4\ »d 
tlut wirnovT u 1 pf«f<iJiiioa rclitiDglc* ^* f^Bi a«<i«fi ct fttUt^ 
ce circvmlUsce ^f/nuij JV««-/-'' 

' A&d i( ootid pw»xk ihc wi/ctt ptulofbpher 10 dir<oTer 9ppc£(ioEi 
and cr>Bir!d>ftEod 10 tvo words, wkcre uniber *?( them IukI any llg' 

The Author obfrrvct, th*t but »wi without b»vc preciTcIf 
tbe r^Bic mrininjt ibou^b the one ta called a corjuit^ion mi 
the tnbcr a prepofiiioo. Wb<n, for indance^ ^k Uy — ■' All 
iMDfic/' we oiTiojutt tbc fame Ik if w« h^i fiid-^" All i:/ith' 
««ro*e." And boiii are exidly tbe (;i(ne is — ** All, ont bg- 
otTT." F<jr J«r is derived from Bc'Ut«D, vhicb ii the jaw 
perilivr cf fhc verb B'on tiCin, tnd Cgnkfiri /« j*/ ^v/, 

Tlktu j^ >f> Frencb fi«}pE^ rDeiiTi ti/rvtt. The Greek 
vMif U (he comtptrd imperitivr of X"/^»''*> *°/f*f'' ^f ^'/««. 
Tba Liitei/v i»/l w, ^r «tf i and the SpaniA/o it /rem tbc 

Tb<£<ij*1ifb p^ep'^fiiion l^r^^bf tbrrnvt fhrtirght and f$rv\ 
n OQOtbci thia ibc Ginblc rabfl^rrtivc ^ievrtt Xit the Tcuiuoit 
f.fblt3>tive thurith, and like thtm meant i/mt, ^/, f^^ait. 

* FitOM mcanf cicftlj BtolltKil«G j a/tif i| iimply ihc Anglo- 
S.xoo and Goibic noun f^un^v ari^in^ fivra, ^atUr. Whea 
vc Uj 

** Figi «ni^ J»oM Turkey, 

" Lamp £diYi rROM Cieling^" 

* At WITH mnniJAIiv, fDlhe cone fpondrni Ffea^b pttpOifiEloOa 
A9tCt mtM^t ^ ^n^ bmw 1^, or, Hs\^t rfyat fi(fi. AnditwMfor* 
Btrly wriiuvi ^«wf hf, i.e. j^/sfv. i>o Ifctlc^u, ±>atu« 1. 

*' QaiiioQ* do«c pDar JAiiiAit >cnc vilLc i'nporEUaei 
O^ rbiMOcar cftcB guerre AVtci^i Uknanc" 

* And a^rtt Swire 5. 

■" IrtJDi Qfu m'aiTurert, cja'cti te Jcrrg eereic d'iia», 
A~ Itfiiri faaarux epcuK v^ aftulca ±1«EIf» 
Akj: dov<cur> ilci gaUni* funnt icujoura rabflles? 
£< coBioeot f^avcz-vottii fl qaclqu' audadeux 
N'i pOLBE inf^rramp*! It eonn de vot aypitv f 
JU& kar riifig ti>tt pur Avac^v kurr^bJ*^^ 
Ei p«fejBf4ti' i roui <!< Liicr«ce ca I^ooccc." 

1% Hmf T9¥K*V piyrfioHi tf.P^^ 

g' e prepofitioQ bcar« prccifcly ib^ (utw mcfpi^^, (hough Mr.' 
arris pfoduccf it>?^f ^V^pJ^f ^ 1^ tbAt ^ft-q^t^oing iQaj'l!^ 
toulty alurc^ by iu^pplicatiom . ' " ' 

Mr. Tookc very jufflyobrerves tbat^wnf » ■ complex ttrtfk 
for one fpecies of motion, ^n^faUt fi>r aaotber ^cici of mo- 
tion. HtfJTf f is 1 complex term for a Cjpecieft of attjicbaicnt. For« 
if vre hii^occaJion to coEQinunicateoriDCDdDn the comhbncs* 
WENT or siGiNNiHG ef thofeBiotioni Md ofihift itiachmenti 
and tht FiiACB where thefe motions and this ittschmenc com^ 
iiicnc^ or bceiD, it it impoffible to hire coqiplex termv for ieck 
occa^oQ qfiSis fort. wbiC raorcnituril tVenVor more timpfei 
than to idd the fi^ns of t'hofe ideiit viz. the ^rd ^tci^itifiti 
j[which will rcmiiQ flvrf j^ th^ f^}i ui<l ^^9 ii^i^ pf % place 
(which will perpctuailj Wyj \ 
** Figscame—SEGikKiNG Turkey, 
" Lamp falli— BEGINHING Cietinr. 
*' Lsfop hangt^BEOiKNiNG Crelmg, 

' That is, 

" Turlcey ebe pli^ of beginwimg to comc» 

*' Cieling the plau of BEOif^wiNC to TalL 

■* Cielitig ihe^i^rorBECiNNiHG to hang.** 

' Fltp^> then, relalei to every thing lo which beoinnikg re.^ 

Jitei'^ fpA to notbi'n^ clic} and is referable to timi aa wcU at to 

Horne Tooke'* Ohtr/Mt */ Pirriij. 


Bt roejrJ^Mrts ibat tt b ikc pifl pirtLCipfc of o-fTf j tod ftD- 
^KO it Id ifcc followijts laftoner t ^ 

r iJcuuR -^ jqd'^ ad 
^irtMiB^^ami or or 0* 

( ACTAUn — «?tT — AT, 

Tbc mofl ftjp«r6d^ reiser of Lstln retfr tn6wt hov uGr^ 
iIk RooiirtB dru^pc^ ibclr final <rj?j : tnd a ViEilc Coafld^rition ot 
tk« orguti *ad pradict oT fpf«h will ccniintt him how c4fiJy 
tffffcMA^ would bccocncADOT AT, u indcct) thii prtpoTi^iun 
liii {ffdilTtrcntly wiiti«n ^y tht *rckriu. 

Mr. Tookf b of opjaloQ ib«t Foii U no ether tb>b (be Go- 
rtk fabOjoCJvt T AttHH A, eauft \ and or (w:iitt;i b/ ihf Anglo- 
Saxati« TTp^ ti nQOthfr th>n a frai^ment of the G^hic ^fura» 
ft/ftrifait fts'ts^ Uc. &c- *n*[ mema ilwtyt »f(;r(ftfiK/t 'fft^J^t 

pofitJoni with mijcb t^ovd I^nTc id^ togcnuity ^ «q^ illuAratca 
hit obfbvMJoai by a nUBiVcr of j^Incat rxaoiptct, fur HrLIck 
Wf ftfer tbc cuftaut rei^ftr ts tKt ^ork lilielf. 

In ibt laH chapter t^c Author irc^tt of the ^vrrh^ aod ^ 
apfilEn totUtr, fail TTcccifW rtafoningi on ibe luturc uid cbi* 
ra£Ur of tb« coniurKti^Mi ai>j^ih« prrpcifilbOfl. 

* All aJ»efW (Tjji he) ' fn^ing in LV fiK* mo/l pffll fiv^ 
lirvichcJihe fitnllj) arc ruKclenily unde.'ftc^d, T£» icfoi^ 
iialtoo bcrn^ only tlic worJ vff cviiUpledi a;] J ihv cotrupcrdn b 
To milch thf mc^e «aiily jo^ ccrtijnly d itartrtd^ si tb« inmiiu- 
tioaFdnaiot more pufc awl difiinzuiAtblc :n the oUuf fiilcr 
Uotti>ft*>i in ttbkb ii ii wtlitcn AV'^j 'V, />/, %«■!> 

Mr, Tockt ciimuKt ih< othci adtfrta* *fli ^lorcft bv their 
crynology, ibar thcj are for the onofi pare v^i; ; and th* rdt 
trc Aouni. £. g. Adkift i« (U palt pariiDfic {affrifcd] of 
Xbppn. -^^*^^'?» p^ft pirikiplc bf f?;ju^, Uc, &c. ^cc 

Ayk or vt a a tbeimperalueof i vob of noriWd excn^Oti^ 
ind meina baz>-t :f, ^v/^^^^ i/i 'V^ >'^ ^^ ^'^ >^ 'J'*** bare, 
pofltffT or enjoy fitw^. 

No ir.d KoT luU ib^ Tame cx(i8^6o. In the Djuifii jv^^, 
in tikr Svf^irh Q>f/^ an^ In th« Ddtch jua^, jom>, u^i m^ 

We hivp Ihti R"»<n ■ general tttw of Mr. Toole's new 
dofirloc iA iftdftiinSiUt '^ and vrc have &ccr< the na'C copiouioa 
ihit utJcle on accxium c f ii> finjnliffly^ as i/tt\\ at lu Import- 
•nee. A pcv track IJ opet>c4 lo iht r/i^nuiao and lexic^K 
gTjphcf t anJ we htvc It^tEc doubt, btii that the \t\6tt it la Jn- 
vefligatcdt ifM cicaicr wlU lt< cvi<knci of id Uvih u^ lability 


f <4 ) 

Jm Jii/ny '^M^ Ofatim tmirefrmiag ^tfft Chrifi^ 
lA on;;iDiJ Wttun; provinf thit |b« Ohfiftun C 


A»r. IK 

piicpd Itoa 

«u»c fitfi Ui^iuiun. Br JoApb Pricftltr- LL.D. P.R»S. Ad 
Imp, Pecrnp^ K- F^rii, Hnfm. TAurla. Aurd, M«rf. I^Ji. Cia- 
ub- An«tic^ u PaiUd. Scciqi. 4 Voli. fvo. ll. 4«. Boafjk 

THAT ouf peiiodicil vrorlc ta^^X be of fomc vtTuc ^ihcf 

il our pndkc, wbercvcr we hive r<eA ocCAfioit, tocfifcr, ia t 
'veneul Wity, into [he cjumfnAtion of opinions, jin<I to give^ our 
^^A^m<^x^ tofpthcr with she firoundt on which it h4i been 

Ifk doiAo; lh1», i[ihough we miy ram?Eini?i have been ctoriifcil 
by thofc who have not unJcrftoc^ (he whole eMicnt of our pl«flt 
we apprrhcnd we hive provirled > nrtore lilrfiil it wc^l 11 inr^rcA- 
iri|t >njrcc]luiy, ihin if we hiJ onlya^d ihc ptrf olJdurniUit*. 
Thcfcirc, however, Jniftjf fubj^O* which ukcfLirxrcvlivcauaL^r, 
tnd which requirt fuch miauce dettdt, in the difcttlEoo, ihii ic 
la ivipolHblc foi it», vriiliin ihc liiniLS ihjii wt hivc pitfcfibed iq 
ourfclvei, 10 do them juftice. In theft cifei, wc have rocnertmn 

d^cd Ic cvptdicnC to attcirpt noihio^ finber^ ihin lo gW? 1 
^eflenl fummary of the irgitmenci^ which wriicrt on the diller- 
%u\ fidei of ihe queftion in difpiiie hive idvarcctJ, fljfl leaving 
the mitter fuh /urfrVr* Artf even whfrc we hue at iirft env- 
bl/Lcd in any controve;fy, whrnivtr we hkve found that we 
w^re in dinger of bcirg IctJ bcycnd nur proptr llmii*, uid cTpc- 
ciJIy when we have f^rcn tha c«ufe t«kfn up hy wrjiers who ap" 
peifcd inclined todifcufi Ihc fLjbjc£l at ftill length, wc havt 
coAoionlf ehofen lo retire from the field of a^ion, afid C09UW 
jpurfcfv^ wiih ihenorc humble office 9fhilloii«fi«. 

Thh b (be mode of ccnJii'^^ which, ir) ihe prcfeni %\\t if 
tfic coEitroveify between Dr> Pncfiley iJid hii intigonjfti, we 
fiod ii necrffity to idopc The <]ifpLiie is now dnwri out 10 an 
txiccLt To fu beyond our expc^aiion, thit n would engroft much 
100 large ■ puniun of ojr juuimli to profecuic (he AiSjc^ in 
the mini^et in which w< at firft took it vp. And we »e, b«- 
Cdeit too well acquainted with the nutn<ro«» caufci of ur>ccr<- 
ta'mty, >rid oceaAona of debate, whifh ihe writiagi of tht 
Chtfiflian Kaihiri alTord, to enteniin any hcpe, ihil the difpufc 
concerning rhe pcrfcn of Chrilf wili be brought 10 a fpndy ifliae, 
upOTi the ground of an af>pcA] to th^n. Yot tbefe icifoni, w^ 
chufe nibrr 10 decline a combat, which we want riwm 10 main- 
tain, ibin, t>y aijowi/ift a di^propoM^ratc Ourc of attention to 
'ihiaobjeA, to iocui cenfarc fsom the ^ei:ciil body of otjr Read* 
tstf tor bavinf futfirrtd ourfelvci to 1^ diawn ahde o«t of <b« 
path of ovr duty 10 the l^ublic by tbc fcduCLnf igm /iSuMt <tf 
lhoc4oftical coniiOTCrfy, 
^^^ j» Of 

Of ibe [>rei>fit \Moik, vrcRijll only Uy btforcour R«i^«n ■ 
b.-k^ftiAUBirvi Itjvipu ii CO Dr. Prrcfticy'io;>pciKiii) tadciccl 
^tnm»t twA to ihcrubUc to decide upon the meriit of th« 

Tftc IntfoJoStftn MChirS^emptojrJ in Itaiing the pvlncipti 
>i|«<iKaf» «^«iaJI the do^riop$ of ch« Divinit^r and the Prc- 

irva tkc di£cv[(y of lacing the umt »ttn thefe dcidriner, 
vfiicb were iinkrHiwn to Ihc difciplci before the rcfmreSfofi, 
wm 6rA divtil^cJ I froa the univcrfal pridicf^ amon^ the Arft 

ICifLAiiAi, of priirjn& "O ihc Father only ; from ihe eonliidrC- 
lioa vrhi'ch it imftifd in lh«do>^rrne of (h«TrIrti(y, and iti tool 
buti!>ir '^ ^°T ^^^P^^*^ *^^ '^^'S^^'^ ^^ '*^^'''*> '^'^^*^ the imp ro- 
bhtlrcy <\i the Athn hypotbe(]% ; ird frarn ihe inconfiftrric/ of 
Ml the AthinAfiin tnJ the Aran fyncm with it>e do^riae of 
Ukc Maieriilitf of nufi, oiiinuincd in l^e Auihof'i Di/jaijitsms 
n AUttrr anJ ^>"^- D^' I^'^c'tJcy iJdt, ihat the Ar»nf, in 
tcmfiicriPK Ctiflu it the Creator aeiJ Ciovemor of the worlJ^ 
^•k« hiui ■ G(m5, ind i^Eicfofc ire not UalUTiin«, bui Poly* 

Tftc /f>^ /**'■/ of ihe wctV eontiini th^ HTftof jr of 0(»inion> 
■ brcb preceded (hedo^rineof the Dtfinjtr of ChriO. ind pre- 
f ifrd the wif foi ii< The ctuef heads of what is ben ftdvuicc4 

The onlf irriifnp of the Apoftoftc FiTfcrr*, which coni^jn 
ktkf ce/urn tneet ot ihc Jof^nr^rs in qu«Aion, rutntly ihofeof 
Bi'iitli^S HEriTutt And I^LiAtivl. are eilhci fpuriuui, or IiiECt* 
p.*lt(«d, roUvitJiiiU /lrd» on b« Uid u^op^ljgc* qijaced uoa 

TIm piineiplef of the Gndlicf, fiffl taught iinc4tg thf Jewt by 
S^Ofl M2gtfT,aT^ddfi(rwirdierT)br4Cedbyinar}rCSnHUni, were 
fc^rowd from ibophilofophy of ibcEifl. The^held, thjcinaner 
ihc fouiceolall cvjlj ihiu the fools of ilJ mcAbtJp^-cxifled^ 
ttiot iiilTKigencei proceeded frotn the Supreme Bcin^ by 
of eAux or cfnanitian, i j^ari of the tfub^uc* beir^ de- 
from the ref>, but capibk ^bcin£ ibforbcd i^iioa^i^ufi; 
utji ittcfe inielligeneci, whtch they e>)Jcd J^tnt, were fon^c aij]# 
4nd otbcrt feoAkt from whon oihcEi urcre pioJuccJ : mJ ibit 
iftck mi^bt ciee«ftu(ialty rome in ihc firm of oicn, to Jnllrutt 
the vrofM. A>nong t^e ChiiAiAn Gitistftch the C^finthltiKi and 
C^fp0rrMWn held, thai Jcfui wm the piojicr offtprieig of Jijfeph 
ijidUirff Al>d C(jntinu<d CO be nO]hin|; more than 4ay uther 
man, liJi bU bipMrn^ when a fapcfinj^clic fpirilt one of ihc 
^«t«» called the Chn^, catne into him i the Z)^://^ held, ihu 
B|£ii» ipirii aiTuoted Ati •ofubtl^ptial fornip which, tbou^h not 
pml Aelh and blood, appeirinz a( fuch to itc ftnfcs, wa cjIW 
f&e iuAtt JpTai; tod the Marsi^^im hciil, ibit vrhAlcvu itc 




l6 PuMtj*s Hijtory &f tar}f Optnhm tneerntriiyefiiS Ciri/f^ 

bo^y of ChriJl coniift«d of. It wu romeihfng that on]/ pifleJ 
through ihe body of his mother, tikt water through i p^pc^ and 
that it did not pcE-form any tA the proper funSiona of ■ bumaD 
body, or reaPy fufTcr upon the crof*. Thefc do^rinc« gavcoffi-DCC 
10 the ApoElle?, and »rc frequently cenfurcd m their wntingrt 
particularly in thofeof John, The Gtioflica were regarded at 
htnties by the general body of Chrifli^ns, ind formed feparate 
Aicictief, They woe the only perfons fpoken of ai heretics for 
two or three centuries after Chrifl. Ignatiui, Polycarp, Juffln 
Martyr, Hcgefippuj, Ircn^us, cncniion none, under this^ppelU* 
lion, but different ft^ oF GnoAic^. Thecafe is the fame witti 
rerped\ to CU-mcn^ Alrxandrinus, TertullJan, On^eo, and Fir- 
mtlian. The Api^Ales Creed was intended Ai a guard againft 
Gnofticifm. 7'he dodlrine of the Divinity of Cbriil maide its 
ixi^ appearance amon^ the Gnoflfc Chriftims, 

The Platonic philufuphy taught, that there are three greaC 
principles in nature, th^ Suprcn:e Qcin^, or the Good^ hit mind 
t;r reifon (ttous or Ugoi)^ and the foul of the world. The liter 
Piatotijfls (chiefly of the Alexandrian fchoolj fpoke *erj ol>- 
Icurely concerning God and nature ; but we neither find in Ehcir 
wiitinga, nor in thofe of Plato himfclf, any explicit perfomfica- 
tion of the divine AW or / i»f#j, as a diHind intejligcnce. But 
Vhlfg^ and other Jcwiflj philofophers who bad embraced the Pla> 
tunic do^liiiic, wc^t fo far -u to mainlaln, thai ihc Lago^, though 

b'Jt th«1t It Icr^rhi » fY^ie cf «Au*l pcrfoailny foolc 
pbrr, whirh ibey oUt-* th^ gefifnii&n of ihe Son. 

TorxpUin fhit 2^r)craliofi, io t oiAboer wbich (hduH neither 
kap\f 1 duninTKion of the fubfUncc cf ihc Faibcr, bf ihc pn>> 
^vdit^n oJ a foci from himff Jf^ noi- th<f tniirt ftptraiion of ihfl 
fdi, ihcj h>d recourse io jii^alogj. SoiBccimci fhcf ciplaincd 
Ae fctiEzn'too of »hc 5otJ b)^ (be (ITuing of wordi from mwi^ 
uJ focnetinw bf ihc flowing of a flrer from a fpiing* ct the 
fiiol«TW nf 1 huncb from b root, or thf lighting onr Ump at 
laMhf^N On tbi* fuH;<^ moy curiout qucRiona arcfc, fuch 
■t Wbjr oolj i>nc ftnn wsi gcncrAlrd ? Wbrther ^nerjtian ne- 
teSitUy Implttd piOion ? Why tht Son fttid H0J7 Spirit ^t6 nOt 
gcacnu? Wbctbct ihii ^Cfitr4tion iru jrt cinie? Wl^cittcr ic 
■"ii ■ trolutinry or involundry 1& f 0CC. MiDjr lrB;«nioat fpe^ 
cuUTion» on th<fc, tod other ^tnJ^r qucflionst *tc loucd in ibe 
vrrtTna* of ctir Fiibf r>. 

All tb< AoK-fliccnc Kathtr*, though (h«y htU, ih»t ihc Soa 
dsired bU being from trie fuSf^mcc of rhc I'Vhcr, »-id before 
hii B«f)trjitufi wu hM o«n proper wififom, yu afirned IhvC he 
v» infrrior to iht F^iheft and fybjcd 10 bio>. Tbia on onljr 
bo xTuunted for vpoa the ruppotfitiwi, tbai while Ihe7 heficated 
to pxirfve their pf ineipJc to ki ptopcr cxicni, ihey w<tc rcflraintd 
by ihr fr>r of popnljr prrjuJicci, which wcmlJ roi hiTC boroc 
the dofirtnc of I f>c c^u*) ity of th« Son wab the Filbcr, 

Ahtj ihc f-^goi came lo be conrtdeied i» a proper petfon* 
Ctttill wat loolc«d upon «« a ibrtefold beJtijf, cooliAinft oF ih« 
4rrl«t Xijvjt a bufluji foul, and a human bod^- All ibe ortbo* 
do« Parhera beforr rhe Council of Nice, Md, thai Cbrift had a 
buiTian fouT, wbtcb fu^cd, but Ihac the Logof coutd not fufier* 
Sevnil cvrMisi qarfKoa* eonfequently arofe, wiih rrfprA to tho 
ttnion between the JUf^ and ibt fou) ar^d body of Chiifl, and 
tbetr (tftktmc prof^rtirs f^'^b at, Wbcitie-r ihc divine nitufc 
ictfolj (<ti pa-n ? Whcitrr ttffill retained al) in peculiar po«-ert, 
'awl par ticuliilf rl9 oatniprcftJtcc ^ Whcihcr the foul of Chrift 
^Ifcnew every thaog ftoai nt unioa with the L^goi ? How Chfift 
^ovld faj, that be vti tgnurart of ihc day of judf^cnent ? Wbc- 
ibe bod)- of Chfjf) waa impninbEtf, and incortuprible ? &c. 
Tbo Zi<x« W11 row rcprcrcntcd aa baving been tttmaUj ^no* 
from the Ritbtr, fu ihai r-acb bad alwaya ex^ftcd diHindlf 
ibetc ivlationi. At the fame [ime The Hoty Spirit (concera- 
wbum nu tntrtverfi had atUcn MotK ibc Council oJ Nrcr), 
ich bai bitbcno been fpocen of rJiber at a eommuaicjiei 
't or ipkrior ptifont was maincained to be a thiid divine 
rOQi rMb^dwVtt/ with the t^aihcr and ibe Sofi. The perfed 
[tfilitfr of aJ] tbf pTTfoni in the Trinity wai aflcrted. Xo re* 
ibii (Iodine with that of the Dl vine Unity, nrw diflinc- 
'voni were jovented, new Wm% uMt and many analo^ica\ ilU(- 
&•*. Jail. 17^/' C u%\wna 

iS Pricfl1cj*j UiJIory cf earl/ Opinions cnuernhi£ J^t Chrift^ 

IrAtioni were eoiploycd, all of which failed, by leining too wcfi 
CLcber lowardA Unirari^nifm or Trilhdrm. Much ingrnyjtf 
WH exercifcd jji drawing! arguments boch from ihc Old TcAa" 
mcncind the New, in fupport of the do^nnc of the Trinity, 
and in refuting the obje^ ions made to this doftiinci ind the 
fyftenit ihui framed, enjoyed the countenance ai^d protcflion of 
Che civil power. 

Having brought a long fcries of quotattona to illuOftte tx^ 
conHrm this reprefc:ntaimn of fa& rcfpcd^ing the rife and pro* 
grefs of ihe do£irijie of the Trinicy ; Dr^ Pi iiflley prorecda, ia 
the third Part of h'n ^ork, eo relice the hiflory ot the Uuiui^ia 
do^lnnc ; the Turn of which ia as follows : 

7'hc Jews, in all agcf, were bdicvers id the Divine Unity, 
on the authority of their faered baoita. This the Chriflian Fa- 
thers allotted i and acknowledged that the dnfirine of the Tri- 
nity was frt obfcurely delivered in the Old TefUnent, that it 
was unknown to the bulk of the Jewifli nation. They pkad, 
thai the Jews ucrc not inftruded jn this dodrme, left it OiobU 
afford (hcin a pretence for rclapfing into Polytheifm j and thai if 
was lit, that fo fubtime a myiicry fhould be gradually revealed. 
The JLWk have always expreHed great indignation againft thift 
dodrjne; and ncvir expeded their Mirffiah to be more thaa The orthodox Fathers allow, that Cbrift 4\6 not teach 
his own divinity, and that this do^rine was not fully dtlcovcrefi 
till the pubiicaijon of the Ciofpcl of John* They account for 

lA thefim^AKmmiij of CbriJl ^ And ibe G<nti1r vftniT* 
bot, itk grnmJ» oonibvc^ long rn ibf famr Aitc, Ii ippci^^ 
troto aunf «urhoritiet, Lh«E tbc formfr wrrc d lliegui(li<4 t^y 

NfurraM wm tuiling in ibe tiiht of ih« Apofllo -, and that 

ibc ^iSctcQcc bc^MocD iticm ftdi oiiTf «f>oima)| &t>ih bclicviitff 
ihf fifoplc humjriiijr ^f Chrrft, ard i>b>rviii^ iSc M'l^'iic rkuif- 

No uam ATf to be fvueil of my Nv^kho* who vr^rc bri tvcr* 
■n ihc |i«t'<4il^ci\rr or diuinJljr nf Chr^ft. Irrniriti, in btK irCA- 
nkonHEnfvi iK'tr contoumj* the £b«onti(4 with r6/j^''r«f> - 
tilcjr wifc «a4rhcoi«ircJ victdy on icrount of their atlhcr^CC 
IQ the Jewilli law. Jf the ApoflUs t«uffhi i6f divii^iir, cf pre* 
niitncc of Cboflt hov cioat tScic kbk>ni:t>, or N«zti«*i«*ft 
BBbrlirvf ooitin^ c1 tiik^r oi rl^fe d.dnilct-' Th«y made ufc 
«aJf of tbc Gofpcl of MA((h<tf, cx<fu^vc ci ihc two lirlt chl^- 
ttlt* Tboagh (Iwy 9irtr ia >f(tera] p<>x (>» the name Fbionilc 
tJipttfic^)^ (Ecy h%d »CQ of ciDifirncc an^onjt lh«ri : Aqudl, 
Tbcodotion, aii^i SytsiBiathas, ifijiflurnl fhv Old TcAtminl inio 
Crttt, Hc^ftfpvx wiA p'ubibiv an Lkionne, m m hit liA of 
bmjirit be n^*tc> no mfiilM;'a of the Ebimiu*, aiJ ■» E^^V 
ko> dtKt ixM ciK him 9^ JO auiboriiv agtinll ihiir ripifJorv- 

TtBi ibc nuj^riiy of Cei^iitc Chrill^ani iri iSc^ail)- aj*ei WtffV 
tiaituavu, wc luic ihp fdloving prtfumpiivc pfcuifs : thai 
iftpTt ««« no creed i>r formu<«ff of f^iOi irt tbc Cithdic rTinrck 
lo c^cis^c thcoi i iba; ihc &fl cxcQu^municaiioo of a Uojujuh 
wbieb i« r</ordcd, W4i cf Thecdoiuf, ab«ut l^e )<ar ico^ and 
Ibe £iA ccM4m acccMiat cf » fepauie k^ckty. is ujivn (he rxcoon*- 

rtirviCAiIonof PjuUiSdfiior»rtnlT«, about A-D. 350) ihat ibe 

Qrntilc UfliTuiani bad iio Upw^xtc nimc, cTtcept th*t ufou ibe 

n(* of l^c roniJOteifiei rtfpciftin^ the pfrfoD of Cbr'fl, thtj 

vtcto cftJIcd Mtt^aidifh^ ind ihiL tbc Afpclldtion of //i^r wm 

,p<(ik ilufl) un the pictcccc oj' thrif birm^ dcnifd ite auiheft- 

Ef ol Ifee MitiLftf;a of Uv ApoDle John t that the Coiijr'itn 

ririCf ifld ill pioftJlbfi^ vtrc irraud wi:h g^cit lefpcfl 41^'d 

^^ildnefi, bjr tbok to vrboii il luuft hai« appeared cicredirgly 

IpfitD^vct tiu« It wai Itc^ ^1 ihe nmmn Pt*p^\ ^htt no ijca* 

>i^ vcre vrrittca agiinll tlieri) befojv Tcriullfin'a BgainA 

Ftmcmi Slid th«t thp Ciemefittne Homilk^ aiad Kctogritiom 

iTfifefenr (He iirE} Cbrjl^^isi aj Unilxitn. The fiinic poijit ii 

i«pp4ytnl &y etc dirrd irAioiooy of Tcrtj-ltint Orij^vn, ard 

Arb4A«fMt»i W«lO fpcak oJ the rrtttitilK^r of bcIjC^eff, (be Simf^Mt 

fjitrte^ rhe perTi nt cf Uw t^tidir/ev^Aini^ av unmftrof^td 

ahc um doclrincof Ibe ^/ji aiMl iheTtlfiiiy: for» 6occ the 

trine of ibc fiftip^c husiaciiy of CbriH was held bv ib« ro<ii- 

pcop'e in rheif ime, ii nay be coflciudcd wtta ctriiintr, 

ji w^ ibe dodii&c whLcb ibey h«d iccci'^cd Tjucn ihei'r ait- 

lorvi aod that JI or»£'Dared witb the Apoflki tb«ffi(ttv«i. Tte 


30 Prieftlcy*; HiJI^rj •ft^rly Oplninn cuKiming Jffiis Chrifi^ 

cautious and timid manner m which the coarrirf doflnnct vnt 
introduced, it aUo a flraag proof of their nordty, 

Eufebius's aflcrtJon of ^he novcltf of the Unitarian doftriDe, 
made by an enemy to the dodrine without any proof, and con- 
trary to all other evidence^ t< not t« be rcgirded. The excom- 
muntcaiion of Thcodotus is no proof againft the early prevalence 
of Unitarianifmf as it Is probable he was excomniunicmtcd op 
fotne other account. None of the laity were excommomcated 
for their Unitarian principles. Through the whoJe pertod, from 
the Council of Nice to the Reformation, as well a« fincc that 
time, there have been confiderable numbers of Umtarians cither 
1 vowed or concealed. 

The opinion, held tn early times, that the Logos, an efflux 
or ray from the Divinity, was attached to the pcrfon of Chrift» 
It an energy, but that he was neverthelefi a mere man, might 
be called philofopbical Unicarianifm. The ancient Unitariana 
fupported their dodrine by argumcnta from Reafon and Scrip- 

To this hiflory of Unitarianifm (fupported by aulhoritiefr it 
largr) Dr. Prie^ley addi his view of the rife of Arianifm, which 
taught that the Logoi^ which animated the body of Chrift, wii 
1 pre-exiftent fptnt, created out of nothing, the Maker of tl^ 
world, snd the inftrumentof divine communrcationa to the Jewt> 
He maimains^ that there la no trace of this dodrjne prior to thfe 

n« Ttiiir: tbirh ISuJraiitm^ &c. 


TdbawDl I lh«t ibe Jtwilfa Cbv if^iaoi only rtc«iv«^ ai Mthfn- 
tic a G^fcl of Mftiihcw wliich diJ not coniaia the imo firll 
cbjpon-* t ihii «hc inimdu^liom to Ma=licw ^nd Liikr ttitiain 
npobable a&d incompatible cirrurriftanccst piMicvUrJy ih« 
ACOHnt uf the i^rn^jiQj^icr, tS« vfrii of ihc wife n^n^ irad the 
Jiq^i ih«e n^Tj^kf^dory fc^Ioo c^n be ;»ivcn why Chnl> Giould 
Ml b«HO bc«D bofn of iwo huauii piicnia ^ ih>i, h^d fh j nu* 
nEjre brert tni«, h« muO ba<r bf«n, 'rofn the t^mr ot hn tiirtht 
ffnrr«]Tf iuiown i* ibc Meiltab j thit it ii impiiubablc that 
Mvfc and Jr^Sn wi>iiU hivv uk«n nonoiiceor (Alinguhi ifaf^t 
thu ih« Jcwilh Chriftuni ia general* Lhc e«r]f GiK'fiifii aad 
m^af Gcntitc CJirOum, d'HichckrcJ i< i ibac S^mmMbui iviucc 
i^iinft ir ; and tbit, ttf Jrl'ai weic rio« (be fnvi ot JoCcpn, there 
u no cvidcfict of b>f b<jn;i; d(r«fticd fruoi Dtvid. 

$<tcti it tjif odilijM- of ihii wurt, wtiicn ea^ Auihor hu dfivvn 
■^ from maienoli imnwdUtc'f ''f^J'^^d ffoa> %>ri|^m*f wrilcrv^ 
lad which hr p*r<>cu1ar1f iddrcflVc fo the Uiined. With gftac 
vaflqQillifjr aftd ^it^tfftdKxi bccomnut* it 10 b^ frintdt, and to 
bia cncanio ; be h l4r iiov\ vriflbin^ ibai it mAf cicapc the oictII 
rigOfou* eKinJa^itiOn \ b«iti|; c<>nfidenit **^^ ibuu::h thofr who 
CMK after hifTi oia;' &id Ibm (hingt 10 cotrr^ in hiir, all His 
irrcf(^ht« wtlt oot Jnvalidait any po6Ti'?n of <^»ofc^uciKc in th« 
whole work' 

How Uf [fai* coafiJpftcf i\ wc!1-gro«iadrd, wt W*e ro be dr« 
lertaifkc^ by ibofe, ynht^ bave novc k^ruie fotf fucb <nquific« 
tban ouffdvtJ. 

Air^ III. ThrTaiiiTt wi|b lEInllratiotij, and N«ttf, bifioriciJ, b^ 
mpbicilt «D^ cntkaf. fito. 6 Voli. j|. nu 6d. bound. 
ButUaad, &c. 17S6. 

THtS£ cflfrbriFfd Fffiyt, which oiigin*tTy ma^r tHfif tp* 
pcknace at Ibc b<KmnrnK of the prclirnt centurj (1 point 
ef time wbtMc fbme hjtc djted the m of polite liuratiue)^ 
are now rrpfiBied, in an tU^ttxX manner, ard with thil de|;ree 
of ctjrrc^ncfi which fc/fo'oj^ncei of fixJi ci^*b]ifbcd ic(i«iaUUiii 

Joihai p^iIngfjKCieftofcoaiporition(p«riodica|c(raf<writio^) 

lln T'*!^, we 1>r]irv«, Lrd ibe way ^ and t^c b» brrn To lowed 

DMAcrous trjin o< imitaior*, iotnc %/i whom hai; irod^a 

iWy in the f^pi of iheirmafkr, and difputrd wih bifft 

\\m 10 wbicb, froip hit ori^inaUiy, he bM polfibJr lh« 

:fi et^m. Lei >e be iinienibcrcd, hoAcic* lliat ihrvt oi ft jr 

tbe aixabef are irtdifpaEablj* write'* of R>cfit, and ^hxi they 

not ubfrequceiEj uuineJ to an cqu^ dtgicc ol CAec!!inco 

*ab, and in many in^aocei fij^ptlTfO, iheir ff^y juf^Jy jdiaiifed 

>^o<oi>pc:— of whicK the Spcd^to^ who h«i bc<n pfoperif 

tjied ihe ^ri;i^ firjv'aiarsi^ of hia time, it A(ii£cicni proof. 

C3 w, 



Thf TKtUr : with lUuftratinSt &c. 

If, lio*eT«r, the Pipcra now before us art not ibfolfiteTf /ryj 
in point of mcrtt, they muft undotibtedly be confiJcfed a« of 
** the vcrr firft dafs"— and conrcqucnily rnritlcd to con6derabl« 
praife. When we nSe&^ mdccd, on the bright conftellattoo 
whicb tt the period in quelTion was fecn in our literary heaii- 
fphere J when we eonfidrr, likewlfe, that our Author was i he 
CoHTrmpcirary and friend of Addilbn, from whofe elegant pen he 
occafionally retcJrcd sfTiftance, there is fiule caufc iu wonder at 
his having been fo generally fuccer^ful in ihe cjcccutiun of htM 

U it ti the care and alTiduity of Dr. Percy, Bifliop of Dro- 
more* that we are indebted for the very curious anecdotes, and 
Jiterjry iriformafion, which ire to be found in the rolei to the 
f£vcti\ El]jys, that have fo long been in the hands of the Public 
3S the lucubrations of Mr. Ifaac BickerffafF*. But with refpv^ 
to the dcHgn and nature of the undertaking, the pubHihcr ttiall 
fpeak for himfelf. 

* The Editrr of thefe voTumes cUims no other merii than that of 
introducing them to the Public. Neither the plan, nor much of'tfto 
CJiecutioa or tr, is hU oarn. 

' It ia nou' ahtiQC five ^nd twenty years fince the optlJnea of thm 
undertaking were fiii^tclicJ, in corjiindtion with ihc late Mr. Ton- 
fi'ii, by a wnirr of dJi'.ip;:uilheJ tjllc and laicnii ; who was pre- 
vailed frum purfuiag i;, by ^vocatio^s of a far different and more 
important nature. Jt baj been conlidenbly altered, and earned 

ne TjitW: «vri f&ijtfatinj^ S*c,' 


tt ;-rncc Uit htctt ffiTt4 t d' v>ll titwy liv t^Mh-hritl or 

r#grtitrd, it ihii piH of tkt woti: (hvuU be f>Li fcn^tutv *> n^ 
i»ct wfib (he >[vpobaito<i of t^ Feb lie, avd bc^om^ ibeftt4ni«f 

ior feiM u»e b»ck, hate beea, pcihapi, mate grncnliy oou^bt tktn 

Svectct Strift, «iiJ AdJiron, rorsicdi ii thai iirn«, qltfg'iit^ 
tri«nkTJr4Te of wjif^ tod wrfc the princtpil untnt \» 1^ 1 «- 
Ur. Of tbcff ihcFC k littK eo f^y m *i<IitLca lo wMt ti ^I'cidy 
kfu>«a. W« fb»lf, bowcvcr, f«U-£l «» anccdvUuJ iwwof t*ta, 
o^ik^m^ vrnk^ canffi>l bur be AC<ep<-Sk ro ooi Rfi^m, Hnrc 
i! u from fiic^ pitrficuUr* thii trc Aould j J^|;c of ihc clkii^^Urv 
«]rf dtrp'iutKiiif of mni } ind rtof, it fbme t>r too ipit lo ihik* 
(iftr, fr^>[Ti thcif virtiw^%, of liieiirj courfe in life 

Sutfr'^ *Jrtl of cr-nno'tif Ifi iht minafjcintac of hi» private 
ifiirt^ h p'ctif gcneially tnowQ; tbe foliowiftj; !1e<y« ha*crvrt 
rtU^rJ vf AtJiiifixi Add hii fhcnd, do faotiour to Uith. 

' *' ' ' "i. and inhjbitr4 for a fcu' ycxn. or - '■ .ofr w- 

jciB ! !'iUc«ac Hninpcfifi, and winch h<- :il kyit« 

fumfliofn, 'jc LoTCftcd 4 ihi^uftr^d po^od^vr Adiitcii oa ()iu houfe 
lad fiirt:Jt4tr, pM":^ tK*wd 4»d jiHl^ntcm f^ir ti*r rrfi>*iUTii of »1(« 
ntoa«ir IT tVt fftd fif lur vc months Oa the fofreiT."r n* J*if l-ond, 
AdidmmS atiomrf procm^nJ to nccucicp— th^ ^ov^v ' re 

wtfofoTd: tke fin-plm A-iJ^fno rcmicici lo S;iflr, ;.cl 

htttTt ii'ia^ t^f fcI-M^dlv rcjl^n cf ilii* rfit4ur<iiikry i)ii>««lufc«. 
«r«, lo l*d(cn bia. i!' ^eTWf, from 1 fctlutgr tiai nuS hhrt^^ibl^ 
red ia bn luin. Sfrr> r^^rivrd ibc Irfi«r A-.iti .ii> uofltrd cnjriRr>* 
iiw t fld gfcift)'. t»e< bii frrc-4 At ufuiT, ftH h* ci^^fiirrfvi tMi Sep 
it ** 10 Jclrin fi<r«fco"— SfJ ikc frivnJIhip fuMrlVfd t« itie 
Add^ftke'i h/c, -,W/i tf/fw /fJ/A iuisrUn [Ui 1 Df- Birch I <« 

Mrtlr't rr^/iFiV in hii frnorfifnl pvbtir^Hf^i (Ay>-M( A^rMM-' 
lei^ w>« <*nMiilir v^'V «*ni!'^"«bW. In \h€ p*i»rpfi of Mt vwv li, 

ti b]r ■boTr PjpfjT, kDti It OLhff iiK»n by il : r , , 

ak»0«a bindl> aW w!i'<h *rtjuli (fJSbitn Ht>ibinp tmf t ■ - cf 

i}f dii no: tlltil tiir^ grjtfft. Oi fbii tjf//A.4. Ir.iin 

DJ^ceoci*7- ^"^ "'> f^Aioiabfc i^i^« I'litij'-^kd him, 11 t* ant 

bW to itiTririTb prrcififHi, ar »pj L'ind af ttcttntry, llir full 

I. Iimif, hoiw^'CT, enftk tbe <urichi* fo form ibm* ffti- 

TO infbm th««i an4 c-n fiUiI avthoriif, tfttc tko rf1«b«<u^ 

ilfaop RnWlry bud o«« yicium and a dine^r wjrb aifMlc, for crrrr 

■prt of y^ ^tyBpt>^rij>, publtfb'd in ihf Gmcuiii 10 ibc iBiEfrftl 

IvrvKii di« 7th an4 fctb voluavn of thp Sfv^^tor 

• (TMlf (in I7's) °'' ' prinoi^ af Amng JulTtcr to bit <r«di:af«, 
llMit«lfrM> ID Ibdf fctbllf, Alt hit hicmli« plKC4i t'^*^Ui ««i4 




Jii TtOfTi ^th lUt^r^m^ tc«- 

evplo^enta ; and having fettled erery thing to their entire (atif^ 
fadkon, rettfcd from public life.' 

But enough of Addifon aiid &tecle<^we meet with little elAr 
thit ia new i^ ui refpcdtng the focial viriuct of cither. Tho 
Dean oF St. Patrick'i is next to be conftdercd. 

The rancour and enmity which Swift at all times maniMed 
toward Lord Wharton is fuppofcd to h^vc arifen from rtie fol* 
lowing circuroftancr, which ii related on the authority of Dr, 
Samuel Salter^ late Mailer of the Charter-houfc ; 

' Lord SotncTfl recommended Swift it his own very earueft reqaeft 
to Lord Wharton, wheD that Earl went Lieutenant to Ireland in 
1708, b^c withom foecefij and the aufwer Wharton U faid to bavo 
given, wai never forgotten or forgiven by Swifi-^O^t v^ ^d^ wa 
mufi *ar prtftr w etuttttiuuKe thtft ftUvuiji \ wa hte^ wot th^^Mft 

tngugh OORSELVES. 

* Lord Wharton*! remarkable words* (faya the Editor) ' allude. 
noi only to the pdinm Swift had contrafledj as the known or foppofeq 
auihor of the " Tale of a Tub," &c. but they feem to point mora 
particularly to a flagrant part of his earfy criminality at Kifrpct, nOE 
fO generally known. Ia coafeqnence of an aitempt to ravilh one of 
hi» parilhioners, a Tarnicr'i daughter. Swift wai carried before a ma* 
giilrate of ihe name of Dobbi (in whofe family the examination a 
taken on the occafion are faid co be extant at this day], and co avoid 
the very ferious c^^nfEquei^ces of tbii rafh aflion, he immediately re« 
f;gacd ihc prtbcnJ, and f|iiit(cd ihc J(LiigJom. TKia inLcETigcnce 
waa cofnTu unicuird vnd vcuchcd a a fafl well known iri ilie pirilh 

£|ii#d Tfc. 0<rTj. 

\Vq DOW procf«d to brlo|* our RcatUfi icqutiffted witfc Came 
of the lefi lemirkAbtc (cboujEh not iitronliJffiMr] pfrfofiij^^ 
wko lt«Tc «iih«f 5gui«d » irriitrc in tht work, of whole cf>«- 
nflen bivc been dcJincicn^ in it suticr JiHyiiicil anW b£tIcioai 

Amor^ the nifnti which »rc l^o wij funlliar to uk, mt mrec 
Vitb th^t of ^^^, nf whon ii ii r&'J, iKrh: ihc lit? of Aic;ctQ 
he oynpofcd the t^nin xhrhaf /Juitin^ with fcvtul cthtr cued-* 
knt pin^a; inH ih»r he w#«, while d^«;it ihcjKrtr cwfelp^inJ^nc 
of ibc Tailcf, Pfiof, Rowc, Coogfcirc, UDd Hu^hici, we:e «]ra 
conirtbutoTt tt» ib« woiic^ The clui«dci ui /jfLvviui, 1'jt, 
No. 73, wu irt»r»d«4 i~o( Dr» ^malfjog^ ; vie ihat ol ihc Drj^, 
Ku. 66> f« Dr. Aivctburj- AiKcdi^ici arc ^l^-cn oi Sli tbtUttt* 
ohei Wr«n,/iEiici Dukcof Ormond, ihc gicJi Mi^iboroiigh, the 
£«tl of H*1h<j:, Z>MftT«W P^t % Ak. £ic. U'c lirrj, motcorfr^ 
m Note to No. a6:>, ■ /»rw.^ account of the ctlrbtkK^ TaIu- 
eocivtt the ruppkmcatU Nofe-do^r — t curious bjDiXy of 
W. Conrrcn, Efq. ihe ptincipil coLciJicr oftlic cufJnfiEtvi tn the 
Briitlh MuCram — of Hctiry Wdby, Er<j. i duly iio(»bUr ch*- 
tt&t — and likcwifc Tonjc patiicuhu ttipUUry^ iViiid^c O^ 
tlminac mikrr. 

Wc lb*ll condyle our accoLinC of tb« work wicb ob&rvin^ 
tbit ibc tdilor t (apparrnily from in ov^r- foadne^ of hit (ub<> 
jt&) it much too *pi to cai«r into a detail of crifli^g Jocidcoti^ 
t»d evrn la give mportinct to chat«£tera which do i^r ftcvt bf 
inr mciDi 10 Mcrrt iC- Tbil tb4 ooir^ art* unnccclTt'tly and 
«^cClcdif mulirp^ird i* ccfuic. Wu ibcic (fur cjunr^&pj Any 
occi&w to ecll itf rodrr^ of the Taikr^ th*i auisMoi^ iic n^?/ 
jtaliiWJ ih*t liacii (wbtic ihc Wfiicf is fpcak'nf puikvijrly 
«f the ficgr of Touin»y) i a trim m /tnijiiajj^n—thti Miratrf 
WU lhc/aiyiA*Vt»«— t&at ihefign in iF^hiairat known b> tAs 
lian? of ^ntrit, la next lo the ii^n i^irgtf he Uc, } In ^ worJ^ 
If ihebtf^k b deftHned lor the «fc of children, fuch no<«i are un- 
dottbccdljr rcquifitc: m any otbcf cafe ihcy uc nctdfcf^ and itn- 

The pidVni edilioa of ibc Tatlcr oiuIT certainly be coa. 
fidffcd l'*n accoune of ttr biogripFiici] Jni?cdciEf« jo ii] not 
only at in cniubioiof, but a uk/ul put>Ijcirion. We are, 
bowmr, fnrfy lu olTfi-rvc the ornlilion of ut ariiclf fo very 
ffifttcrial, ill a book 01 ih'* n»rceUan«ouft k-nkt cfpceially, i« tht 
bnUr r <a jdvaouy^e wbkh ihtfitMur cditi^iu poflcftii: and 

* Kot tbe prc^Qt tniftiflrr. 

f Mr. ■ w*o ;iff^ari 10 bave takea *p ibe f<a, where Dr- 

f«rcy Itid ii dcwQH 


l6 HaAgfoh^ Travfitthn t/Soioman't Stng^ 

vrithout whichf (he large rhifi of anecdotti, 5fc. here trA\t&ti^ 
b of iiQ ufa for occafional confulutron, and can only be tt"- 
garded u Iittje better (han — rif^/i ittdigtjlafui molts. 

ArT> IV. SoftmeM'j Strt£ tra^and fram iht Nt&rew. B^ tbe Re*. 
Bernard Hodgron, LL.D> Principal of Hertford CoTLcgc 410. ^t, - 
Pfinied ai ihe CluendDa Prcfs, Oxford. Sold by Rivingtor\, 
Xxiirdan. 17^^ 

THE learned and ingemous work of the prrfent BiOrop of 
Dromore may be lupxtfed to have rendered Dr. Hcdgfon'a 
aitcmpt UTinecrffary j but i^haievcr tends to ihuR'nic ths^ 
beaufies, or explain rhe meaning, of a piece of fuch aniiquiry {10 
lay the leaft of ii) as the compofition entitled the Song of Solo- 
mont deferres encouragement ; and if but a few obCervatlors are 
more dearly unfolded than they have hirherto been, Ebe dcfign 
b laudable, and the end cannot be faid 10 be ufelefs. 

Dr. Hodgfon hefilites not to pronounce this anticnt and benu- 
trful poem 10 have been an cpiihalamlom, whtlcn tiy bnlcrmon- 
on hii marriage j but mentions it ai the fuppofilton of aihtrs *, 
that it was penned on occafion of chat monarch's marriage with 
Ibe daughter of Pharoah. 

The learned Principal is merely concerned to illuftrate iho. 
litifffi meaning of thi^ Song: he lakti tit) part in ihc dtffiLun 
ich h^ve htcn ar-icatcd refpeAjn;' it« myfiitai fenfe. It 

ttoAg^on\ Ti£fsjlathn 4/S7lem9n't Sen^» \y 

'Tn i noff. Dr. Hodgfon obf^frvir*, fUu fhf wwj ii in tfcc 

K fiid in t!u^ ViL 5, Th'tt ^>t jifipvn/^^ whi<J) minoi meaa 
■ (bou lutt Anipor'4l'j ry«/ — * SoUimon items to compare her 
c^a rol lo the tfa of ifottt, b«C 10 d^wt (hcmfcUo — ibo cm* 
bWflii of l<jvc/ and it mjy be id<f(iJ, uiAocence alki. 

Cn. 14. 

' Uf d«i« b in ikc clcfu or tb« 

|a ■ holkrv of ihe |)redpAe. 
». 15. 

* C«i^b far «i ili« hMit 
Tfet itIiU ItMM tb«i dcflroy the 

All! our rinct* jroang gnpei. 
C !■- »- 9. 

* Tikou hiff r>vifh^ my heart, 

O my r>n«r, O rpoufr, 
Tlko« biftrtriOicd till o«cc with 

ibir:« t}r%t 
Atonw viih tWfbiio rouni! ihy 


Iff n^hieen o^ the colttlrd copi« the Hebtfw wrrd Iti^ilin 

* 01 n.t,* A fiKc rcjJiii]|; intfccJ ni7^hc nuturilly be iutpciind 
in the ronimAn tem ; for if CAiivryi a vcr| ludietout idct to fly, 
ihu * Iht bid lAvfttt tts brtn wiUi «r f}e.' 

' Uiiuprfle^ly nvrikoD^t wrtc * Or evff 1 irab i«vc> i»y tel 
(Iriwh out for me mtdfi mv lik« Eh« ctunott ol .4ei- 

Tbr c^f^cti ci »Y toyxl ptcplr/ aiatiib/ 

If AiamiiTidib be coriWcrcii « iwo words [which ti juflilicd 
hf I greit nunbrr of KtS J.), the m^aornfi it — 1 * erijfht^^' ri 4 
' l^^pf^fk i' md in the m«r£in 0/ tbc biblr'tranfliitioii ihn in- 
lerpreijilfon U inferted, though fomi^vhai obfcirrr'ly, I>, Hfd^- 
Ibo** iiei of thr ptti^ge it ihii : — * Xlcchnuf ht rhrrt wrre drautn 
oat /*-• fne (or ' my ftm] p!£Crd for nie/ ur •tij/irKy isnurve^)^ 
thochAiroii of m^ vviltlng peopTe, ^^^i ^"^^'^^ ^^ hrsf^ me, 
tfeM oublrd mc lo &/ with fpccd la the jhuUmiie/ 

' O my dor« ihat ari en the 
(liri> of the rock, ID ih« feoet 
fiactt of the ibixi* 

' 'lake ut ihf foTeti tho ItiUo 
text* thit fpoil the vinci, for oar 
rjnciivvi- tc&^crsr>fcj> 

' Thon htftnTilhedmrfatort, 
toy fitfer, nj Tpoujc j liou htA 
r»*ii%*d my h?*rt wUh one cf il»y 
tym v-ith occ of Uie chaioioif 
ihy tietk-' 

C.»U. f. ^.7,5. 


* Tic biir d thy S«d 11 liLc 
Tkf kii^ b faeo»d captite in iti 

fl^BrJQI^ trVirei> 

How bc«[)Gtf»J u»(i how deli^ht- 

Ibtte If L ibou, 
O lore, in t^y rhirmi' 
Th4i thy fi^tuic 11 like « ptla- 

■ Tlic hnir of thf fcfcitl u liko 
purple : tkr kiag » hetd in ihe 
gilleries. How iik ii^d how 

(r^fsql art ihoo, O tovr, tardc- 
i^hu ? Thii ihy dieuxc it like to 
ap»Tn-treej and thy b^'c^lli to 
eltiltcn of KTtpei. J fjtld, I »t]l 
go up to the paliti-trre. t win 
uke bold of the boo^bt ^^«o^ i 


And tltj brcAJli are m clufleri of dow alfo cbjr bmns Jbill be av 
graH& ; ctuAen of the vine, and ibe fipell 

I raid, I wtll djmb op into the of Ui/nofe like applet.' 
palm tree '\ 

AndwiLltakeholdofthebrtaehei. '■ 

And now fhaM thj brcafli 

Be Like buncbe* of the vine. 

And the fragrance of tby face Like 
thai of apples.' 
Sublliluttng the/act inliead gf tbe aefi ii not an irbttriry ioi* 

provemeat of (he alluGonj but is juftjfied by- ievfiral MSS, of 

credit, which read yQ^ inftcad of "]£)K< 

C. viii. z, 

* I would lead thee, J would caofe ' I wonid Jead thee an^ bnnf 

tbce 10 eo, thee Into my motber^s honfe, iv^ 

To the houTc of Talffladni mj would i&Anifl nu-' 

I woald make thee drink of fenced 

Dr. Hodgfon foppofei tbe wordTtf/nu^ntobe a proper namf; 
and that the common tranflation of it, ■ who would inftruS me/ 
hath no conne&Jon with the fubjc^t and cncrimbcrt the fenA. 
. 6. 

* Mercilefsas the gran iijedou fy^ ' Jealotifr i» cruel as the grave ; 
The coal » thereof are coali of iirei the coats thereof arc coiJi of fire, 

the fiame of God.* whkh hath a noA vehemeat 

^— 8. dame.' 

TVic fimiUriiy in this u^ in * ^^cw ocbfj* ptltij^ rcfrtrri ri» 
^f the U*Dit*Cor, it not, ia our opfniiin, fo lh^n:*ly cl»an£lo- 
riilfC » be ima^ino. U lo«« be ptrfitiifiti (ta6 AntCfciM wji 

vM AodiM *o4 u^tidirhxt br> naruril Iriin of m^uphor« with* 
one ha*idg rc^Mtrf-r, timer ivt the nigtitHl thought, m the em- 
fcrlUQiaictii And ifli^iorccicnt of it) to tny poctt out of Ana* 
ciTon'i own coMottjr. 

Aht. V. P*riLf>io^>itCAt, Ta^Hijicxioiri ■/ rif J?my Sorietr 
tfUrd*^, VcL tXXVl. f>r thtr y«af 1785. 410. E^it t 

Math su ati i: At' Pa piier. 
Art- I* Ob/tTV9lltni in tbf GrtiJifitt^-f ^f A/^r^n^.'-wtu! /n,<fr-j.v:exit i 

Kamtir t/ Pant. By John Siric^ioi^t F, R- S» 

THE Accutacy of «|U4Jfjim<, vtdothfr x(krQaomlet] inHtm* 
in^Eiri, it a mittff of ih< uimofl confrqueTicc to ikt prat- 
Itc^ ill/otiDcncr i^kI nivigatof . Wh^ri iltroriomjr viu revjtf^ 
ki Ctfropct the nt<€Gny of hafu>f> mlk^um«ii:^ properly idAptcd 
for the obfrrvitttMt llist were ittjvifitc fur dtEEJikiiiioj; ihe tcU" 
lit« fiiuititxfft, 5cf, of the heiTcolf kodici* obli{>cd Attroroiticrt 
M trrf^Timi intlrumcnt-mjkcfi, io order 10 furnifh lEir-mleKet 
vilb A nec«ff«r)r ipptuTui: ihut wr And 7)^&^£p4«r, lad ochfti^ 
iahii time, aj>pl)rmg iheo^fcUfKiolbe cofiHrutht'n of Qu^^funii. 
tbeoddire^, &:ei la larrr limti. mhcn nAvigiiHin hrcimr iitore 
cilonfivf, tbe deoiukd for intbiim<fru wai itKroAfrd ; 4nd titce 
their pnfoQiaci ilqicndi chiefly on the Mvvttcf tt'iib whivh ibe/ 
•rt itndaaicd, inj;eaiQut amfti wtr« «itCou<«j;ed both to con- 
nin vtd «xc<urt inrlrunxnu of fffcJ kirdt. It wai Wg, 
hovdwr, before ibedtuitiuiio^ ciJcki,or quxfiinvi, tivu broni^nc 
totbc pfffc^ion req'jiKd. la ih« paper before bt, Mr. Smc*- 
ion gim a Oiort account of ilic Ubou-i cf our moll able ariilli, 
an impirotio;: ihrfe inibvmcru, and then dcfcitbei a oiethod of 
davidm^ a cuck mtu a ^ivai tivmbfi of p«ii3 (u-/ Ouiuld lii?^ 
Uid «fMi p^ru), tib^b in hjiopiAbOti bOkorc Mcur^uibanui/ 
Hhipff tbju bi> bkhcrto beta propoftd* 

TM««tbod i«, rodfilL a ffwhbrr of njuidiflukt b^ei Id m 
long bnft bar i lh« bar n ibni to be bcot ir^to th« form of ■ 
beop, 'nd fittest t^g^^'t <>*> > c^-lifidrinl bl^k of vood rndy 
lurrM fa ref-ivt ir, b^ rucjoi of whieh 1 circle is foroicd, *V^oH 
vj4cd kBiu J cc'ffifl niTQib: ~ 



Ct^Ut! pj 


^ P^kfsfihuMl TranfaSUm, Pmt t. fir tht )W 1786. 

ihU oTigLoal circle the dtrifion* arc to be cumrcmd to the plate 
of a, dividing engine. The direAioni for %\\ thefe .operation 9 are 
minute ind plaiti, and Mr, Smeaton'i ftyk, abounding with the 
proper technical tcrm»t reem* admirably adapted to the capa- 
city of the working mechanic, for whotn^ diflertaiiona of ihia kind 
•/e chiefly intended, 

A&toiheptadicabiUcy of the plan, we, who are not workmen) 
can fay little about It : the idea la certainly an ingeniouc one, 
but we doubt ihc poffibiEity of executing it without error. 

We cannot conclude, without ob&rvtng, that m quadranti, 
and other intlrumrnta for meafurtng angles without tclcfcopca, 
ihere is no occafion for carrying the divifioov farther than 
i a minute, for an angle lefa than 27 feconds ia eTanefcent 
10 the naked eye*. Wbence Mr, Smeaton'e quadrant, divided 
in the manner he defcribe«, fb ai to read off an obfervaiion to 
1 fcconda, muH be furoiflted wifb a telefcope that magnifie* a 
line at lead 14 timei, or a fuperfice 230 times. 
Aft- 2- J B fries ef OhfffVatioHS trty and a Diftftvry of tht Ptriad 

tflht FarUlioM tfthi Light of tht Star marktd i hy Bayer, near 

the Head r/Ct^pheus, In a Ltitrr frtm John Goodricke, Efq. 

From ihefc obfcrvations Mr. Goodricke has determined that 
ihja ffar has a periodical variation in \\% bri^ hrnefi of 5 days 
% hours 37^ minute*, during which time it undergoes the fol-* 
lowing chinj:**. 


jfflfi Afflvdi. Of- Wtfifl^'iJi^ouri in aoiljrtic* art vvcll kjiona ^ 
of rkeie a ^4pti * a^rprMf^, 'n t\tt Tttrnttthoa^ of J }&j^ oa the 
fi^:»utiaU9ii of StfcA^ m «vl:kb it grtrcii t iiKihod of fiii^iof ibe 
itm at I Ifrict whofe ^rr«ral xttrn [P-f-J^ 4 Ir^^ioo f educed 
10 iti Ui*i ^ icrmi) \i » (ictcmiiiii4<c il^(br»ic«l ft^nction of tbe 
q««AEiiv I'Z^. thr (irftjnfc fro™ ibe fitft tfimfif the frtiM. The 
Dadoc'j ptcUnc ^ffutrnaiice ls of a limiiiir kicid wiEh ibe fg<- 
mrr, «ril ftirwi hi^w ifir oic^^mm^a thi fc cAh^bitc^ my be applied 
or cNfrndnl to kvcf4l cifet not ciumcraird bcFort. 

In ihv kcond |Tiit of ibii P'pcr Df. Wuiog c^'fUH^cm ihs 
fcT«ri| mvlNoJ* for ipproxitnatin^ ttt value of quantiitet^ whofe 
cii«A »ilw Cpntd n,i« be obuiricd br my other ittraiH. The 
r«>4pr vtiW firtc tnret «ilh many ufeful mfThndi a^ rtrolvfng 
rvii <if Mfhcr ««p^omia, ">L^(h«r ^^.•^ih obftr-rtitOft* on ct><t 
ni« of farnter inihlh. Mucn hi« been idvjnr«d oe thil 
t fi*; pftfcai l-ibrt'irt of \)r. Wftrmg art rather itUltr** 
of [hr ilg;bra*cal inquiriM of precrding auihor*, ihin iny 
■niprov«fi>ciiii of ihe art. 
The ihird part cbiKaina fa«nc obfcrvuioos id cfd^r to dritr- 

oiEjkelbecBlf* mwbichthcfoioror §adjn2 tlic AjcntorAT-";^, 

oc ih< area of A carve mhote ordin»i« 11 tfir" a^d a^feiOa «* 
ennveitrf vr divrrgr* | ihit t< a ufc(t\ inqajry, bmufe ife Teriet 
rk «f «t«^if itdivcffra, and of tvr; Ar/Arexctpttbeccorrrgmcf 
1* qtiklc. Wc cuinLii t^j ihr ptfpcuUr» o^ ihia long Pa|>tr brw 
ffjTc dar Rcadera t tfte ilxive iceotfitt wiH inform tfccm what rt 
civiciy roocvrait arid frh«t parti ol the cxienriiff Aibjcfll of ia- 

Art. ^. Oi/f-i«:j«* ff*rf Rtnarh tv thifi St4ri tt-^'r* rf* j^#- 

hmhtj •/ tht isfi dnUffy hf^liti it U thmgfG^t. By £d- 

ai*r4 PlfOK, ttq. 

!■ ihrt f'^fK* M'. Pif^'itf hft3 p.lrcn a catalogue of fucb E«H 
ft«» M hare b«n nt»rrr«cd to be vatiibJe in fnr and luftrr, and 
Atfu AkIi ■« ire rufpc^edi froot fhe aecou4ir» of fo^qkci allroi>^ 
i»rf», rihefrt. The caraiAgwc fi*fit>Ui jofiirrd ftar>, irith ibeif 
fi|ft< jifecnltr^n aod (*ccli«»noft reduced to the bct-liiniLig dJ (hs 
^C4r I TBtfK Mr. Pij^oir Ihen rnuir>er«tr> ihe punicvljr ubferva^ 
MMi *tn eifh of thcfe ll«ri, and ihe icafcm^ wh^ he fuppofet 
font^f iHntt nriabte. Akhuvgh their GbaD|;cf hare noc ya been 

Tke eftiMfbinfof U&.% u ibe fvilftep twifj tbcadrjnce^ 
iiMt 4f f(t«(j4T I and Though itirlir dHroverin do noc fecv 10 bt 
■f ^itf reit ufe «t j^rcfeiil, ycH thcj may, at foi>e future pefiod, 
tlifnw frrii light on aflrtino'Tir, Trtc caufes of ttie appeafanrtt 

arc Di>i!oubied!y ft juftobjed of inquiry; what hn betn coA^ 
Je&urcd conctrnE;ig them wanti as yet much conHraiatioD. 

(The PbiUfipbiMl and CbemctU Pipcra in thii Put*; ■« 
fooD as poffiblcj 

• N. B. The zd Part of voL Ixxvi. u jafl published. 

Art. VI. Chmicat Effkjs. By R. Watfoa, D.D. F. R.S. and 
Regius PrufelTor of DivinUy io the Unircriicy of CatDbridge. 
Vol- IV, jamo. 4s. fewed. Caddl, &c. 1786, 

WE are ferry to fuiiJ that this ia the lall chemical perform* 
ance w« b^ve 10 cxpc^ from the right reverend autbor. 
Though convinced, by the uncommon fale of the former vo* 
lumes, that they met wllh general approbation, and that tbcy 
have contiibuted greatly to the promotion of chemical know- 
ledge, he nowrcfigni, for ever, thefe pleafing-and nfefu] pur- 
fuiis \ but not without HnguUr reluAance, and doing violencf 
to bin own feelings. * Above two thoufand cupies' (he fays} < of 
the former volumes of my Chemical EHayg have been fold in lefa 
than Ave ycara. I mention not ihia circumftance out of va- 
nity, or as if I thought it contained any proof of their merit | 
but I produce it at a fokjd proof of the difpofition 0/ the Public 
10 become acquainted vith chemical fubjc£ta when (bey arv 
Ecd ill apopLilar wdy> This d^fpofiiion hat been lonj 

1rh« reiDBinJer of the Pftfirt^ about 15 p«E«f, if cnnpfoyed in 
fccwiunriiiJinft »n inftiiulloii ie <?af univrr{jljci, /jr i^Jtrt^tF^ 
jiOdj jMii ((^ r0«i tfaZ/frrvif/ jif /V firmnu 4/ tt^kii!itLrf ^ in tht 
ffirt^ifiti 9f t4JBtmtr€t i enji iit tht incvjUJ^i 4f snr OiAitufniturttt 
rhi« klml of Autiv, ih^ Author Dbrer*r% woliH >gr^«ab:j foJi- 
cii, ar»d Slight pt(>b*bfy fcctirc, the ftitefitioo of that pin of cur 
joa[h, wkt<h, LA being «>c(rpictl Ircjm (bf fffrcipllnc <}f fthn* 
Jftllic exrrcifei, hat ibimdiftt lerfure /i>r other purfuifi t wbichf 
Ia bdns bora (oopukncr, xs tjnhippil) dcf^jikrd »f nnc of the 
ftrtirtgfrt ifTCtnfiTPi to itileikftuil tJiriiion,— >r4rravrnift of for- 
uiK ! ii tr.>uIJ prc;>jrv ib€<T» for becoming inicllv^nC Tr^iHirorft 
nf tbcir country • ind i( wouli) iiklpire tti«A with Tuch a uft« 
far hullwiiryp m might coitflttvtc th« cbUf Jdicicjr of ibtU Tu- 

H«» DOtioa of iiiiionil §^eAj^H« (^urhf, «ni hi^^tnef?! lendr 

AM Cb much ig the cxftndm^ of (>ur cooiniercc, or iiirroAiij 

ihe&[>aib«f of 04ir mMufadW^i, u 10 Eho siultiplicjtion ol in 

huJr* ai^t coenpariettdy rpcakjfif, inno<«fii race of pcir^nb, 

bjr mking corn logro"' on miiUontof *crtf( of lind where none 

h» frown befofc. La ut buc once bivc *i iriof Briiooi 

in ifofT kiagdcvn, ii ihr!tlv>trd )inri« of Greit Briuiil 

*rc »Vk to Tupp^E [le Ifaft tivice the prefent ftumbef )» and w« 

Adll Ii4ve linF«fo rrfT^ri in the toft of America; tioihri^ to ip- 

prfhmd from the p^rtttititifi policy of >A\ ihe ronilocnttl defpc>il 

m Emope.^In (huk tiKiE>^, the bilii of o^tr flrcaj^th on (he in- 

prowd aJiivtrim tf tar itNtdt^ bt doei not nttm to exckcc ma' 

m^Mmrttt bttt on the <otkituf^ confided »^nculEiire and itianu- 

f«Clur«fl >t moiuftlly fuMvrvirfit tocuh otrvr. Wah r^gjrd to 

<jHwr<Vt h? think* the /r«/-«f fltte of 1h« Jitan^r of ihit kin^- 

diOn n^fiifet it to be cherrfhcd with fin^Ur indnlgrnce; and 

thHwcfhiU not fuficicnily avij) ourfclvrs of the ineftintbU 

ii. »dW it»lCC* of Oflr in'bUr flluBtion, if we d«j not corfiderour 

HH^^ and our fafriv n do oly rornt^cd with <K« vet^^^ «/^ wr 

^HHiv, ttb^ch w»h FTCi be in propofiion 10 the CAient of vjc fo- 

Hi«i^ w)d domcQic commtrcTi t'ertnpf iho Jidviniagcs of <om* 

^merec, «i>d of manufadlurct at it» hifii, •« I *rt tflimatod bcTov 

their ml r«lb9 to the nitionil flrcngih and in>ponincir j ikerer- 

ihrlcft, ihcobfervttton) rcfpcdinglhccJucilbn o( youni^mcnof 

^ Jbrta pg are cerfa inly }aft^ arid dcf^rve themoA feriovt arciiticiK 

i^^^KtKۤAf* vhich ccmpcf? ifiit vnliimo ore wtiitcn on tho 

^^^■Fpbn u IhoCtof' c^ic (hrer pftccdiai^i tiol with a vtpw to 

^^Htli fcHnCv with K\y confiderabte new dif<ov«rin, but to 

^BRnote a s«ntffjl uftc fi>f thcfc uArfijI lludict, icKi to e:>gage^ 

Prob^Ai, %j ffcfctibiag* in > clear and ple4/ing rUfif ler^ ihc fi^- 
trffrc tf ifet)T ti ln mide in fomc of tt^ pnnctpat tjT*nch« of' 
icminl kncnrlfd^e, and the eonfeqecnc i^p.'Ov^mcnU \ft\\yt 
i» d^pcodrnj; on fbrm. Th^ fuhjt^ ax, ' " "" '* 


Watfon'j Cbtmicai EJaju 

Eiljy I. Laph talamia^ris, hitadtf xinCyhraft% contaioinp; the 
natural biftory of the iwo iiift-mcmloned rubftaucci, the hi&ory 
of the dJfcovcry of ihfir being ores of zinc, the methods of ex* 
trading zinc from them, ihe prcpiration of them for the braft- 
maker, the manufadure and commerce of brafa, &c.' 

II. On OrUMcum ; an enquiry into the orichaJcum of the . 
tncienEs; from which it appears, that the art of making bfafi 
was known to the Romans, but wai derived to ihem from fome 
other country ; that brafs was made, in ibe moft remoie agea» 
in India and other pares of Afiai of copper and cilamine, as at 
prefent j and that in the early ages, when iron was little known^ 
it was Viilucd higher than go^ *. 

IIL Of gun mtlal, ^atttarj-mfiait btii-mital^ ptt-ntmU 'nJ 
fptfuitim'trtitai* TYtt compaitntfs of a mixture of copper and lin, 
which adaptf it for making fpeculumfi, is attributed, with grcac 
probability, to the ihinmfi of its fuiion. * I have ohferred' 
(faya the Author) * at Sheffield, that the fame weight of mdted 
flccl will fiU the fame mould to a greater or left height, accord- 
ing lo the degree of fufion the Heel has been in ; if it has been 
in a itrong heat and thin fuHon, the bar of caft fteel wjII be an 
inch jn thirty-fix fborter than when the fufion has been tefs 
perfe^. On breaking one of the b*ri made from Deel in an 
jmperfed fuQon, its inHde was full of blebi i a fborter bar of 
the fdmc weight and diimctcr, which had btcn in a ihin fuHan, 
was of a clolcr leature/ 

Bdl'j S^tm 9f Surgery* ]{ 

fak with flecl. Very good glafs^ the Author obfervcs, inighC 
prehekfy be mide from the Hitc aloor, for the cellulir texture 
would difxppcar by continuance of lue; ' but urtainfy it oiighC 
bcm^dc frooi the fiate mixed wich fern afhe^, or with kelpafheSt 
i>f with other lubft^ncci containjftg Rxed alcalj.' We hope, 
with the Bifhopi ihic this hint will not be given in vain ; and 
w beg Irave to hint ijfo, that if the' artainty of vltrificiEiort 
with alcjilies hi£ been only inferred from the known effe^ of 
thofe fa[i« upon fome other eirth]^ bodies, foch conclution can- 
not be depended on. There are eariby cotnpoundft, fuGMe by 
tbemfetve^, which refufe to unite with alcalies: we have mixed 
vitrercible ftone with glafs iifelf, and found the vrtrilicacion im- 
peded, and the alcali of Che glafs fpued out. Whethcrthe Wefl* 
moreland Odie ifl, or Is not^ of this nature, can be afcertained 
obI^ bf tiUI ; but, in eiihfr cafe, we perfuade ourfelves that the 
candid Author will be rather pleafed, than o&nded, with our 
To tbii volume n added a very ufcful appendage,— a general 
Index to all the four. 

Art. VIL J Sjfiem tf Surgtry. B/ Benjamin Bell, Member of 
the Royal Cohege of Surgeons, one of ihe SurgeoDi to the Royal 
iDfirmary, and Fellow of the Royal Socieiy of Edinburgh. 
Vols. Ill- and IV. £vo^ lis. Boards. IlUftrated with Copper- 
plates. £t]Joi| Edinburgh; Robinfons, London. 17S6. 

THE continuation of this ufcful work, fullf fupports and 
confirmt the reputation Mr. Bell had acquired by the two 
pf reeding voiumet. 

The third i^olume Contains, in the former part of it, the theory 
and pra^ice in aff'efiions ot the brain from external violence. 
The very intricate nature of thefe diforders has excited ibe atten- 
tion of praftidoners from the time of Hrppocraics doiynward 1 
but althoui>h fome material ioiprovemenia have been introduced 
into thi» branch of praftice, by the induftry and obfewationi of 
modern Surgeons, yet whoever Is aceuAomcd to the treatment 
of theft! compiainEr, mult allow that our knowledge of them is 
Aill very deficient. Our Author, fenfihle of the greii difncut- 
ties of attaining a certain knowledge concerning the nature and 
treatment of them, points out the means be(t calcuUted Co ex* 
tricate thii part of pra^ice from fuch uncertainty i but before 
be proceeds to do fo, he givt$ a concife anatomical dcfcripiion of 
thofe part! wh^ch are more apt to fulfc^r from injuries done 10 the 

Mf. BeH coofidera all the fymptomt of difeafes of the braia 
from external violence, to originate from one of Ihcfe three cJr- 
cufliftaacci,*^ frojh cooipreffion of the brim, from commotion 
or concyffion, or from InfiammatEon.' Qt thefe he trcati \a 


BeH'j Syjiim tf Surgtry, 

fcpirate fcSians, and, as far as the intricate nature of the fuh* 
'}cik will admits he confidcra theoi, aa diftjnd and unconnected 
with each oibcr. The ippcirance< which are induced by their 
various combinailons^ can b^lcnown only from pra^lcc; bat to 
ajccuraic knowledge of them, as they occur In a feparate and itn- 
connr^d ftate* will contribute much jn dire^ing the proper 
treatment of them, under whatfoevcr form or comoiaation ibejr 
may appear* 

The compreJBon of the brain can only be caufcd by ft depref- 
fion of the flcult, or an exiravafdtion of fluids between it and the 
brain. In rhe former cafe, the elevating the depreiTrd bone, and 
in the latter, the evacuation oF the ektravafated fluid, are in- 
dicacion» for perforating the fkull. The operation is accurately 
defcribcd, and fcverJ judicioui remaika are added, which tend 
CO render it much more fimple, fafe, and fuccefsfut, than 
we remember to have met with in any former work» The 
Trepan is, for evident reafon«, preFeired to the Trephine ( ftlld 
the Levator of Monf. Petit is recommended before any other. 
Several ufeful obfervaTions concerning the propriety of perform- 
ing the operacjon, or not, arc here laid down, which merit pe- 
culiar attention* 

The concuflion and commotion are next confidered* Wc ad* 
mire the Author's diagnoftics ; and though the event of bis me- 
thod of cute is not always attended with fuccefi, yet it i* rational, 
and ought not to be negte^ed, efpeclaTly fince no other fecma 

Bell'f ^m •f Surg^l 37. 

InSamaatlon of the cyei fo frequently occurif ind is pro- 
dvdire of fo many difoidcrs lo which thefe orginv are Liable, 
that it cinaot be 100 much infilled on. Our Author bii 
cberefore fuUy treiicd of it i poiniJng out its various ciufc!, (ht 
indieationa of cure, ind ihe mofl uiionsl mecbod of performing 
ibe vanout operations requirrd^ He afterward proceeds 10 the 
consideration of the following dii^^afes ^nd opefations; namely, 
Wounda of the eye'lids and eye-bal] ;— Tumours of the eye- 
hdi, fuch aa abrcefn-St mcljcerous and Iteaiorratuus coile^iuns, 
wartSf ficc. i — Inverfjon of the eyc^lidsj — E^ctfirn of the eye- 
lids £ — Concretion of the eye lidf i — Flcfhy excrercerecs on the 
cornea; — AbfceJTeA in the globe of the eye; — Dfopfical fwelU 
Jngi of the eye ball ; — Blood effufed in one or both of ihe cham* 
ben of the eye; — -Ulcers on the cornea ^-^ Specks ur filmft oti 
the tranfparent part of the eye j — Proirufion of the globe from 
ihefockcti — Cancerous affe^tioas of the eye, and the extirpa- 
tion of the eye-ball ; — Artificial eye« ; — Catara^s, and thetreat- 
mem of them by the different methods of depreflioo and extrac- 
tion i — ObTiteration of the pupils by ih; concretion of its fidcF, 
and the adheljon of the iiis to the capful of the cryftaJlioe and 
vttieoua humours; — and Uftly, \\\t' Fijlula inihr^mslit' Thefe 
are aTl fully explained, and the manner of operjuon requifttc for 
curing them is accurately and minoiely defcnhed. It would 
much exceed our limiij, to follow the irgcniou» Au[hor through 
ihe whole defciiption ; we muft, therefore, rcfi-r our Readvrs to 
the book; in which they wtII oot fa^l to receive full fatisfaftion 
with rcfpeA EO every partkuUf relative to opera^ii^n^ on the 
eyes. This volume abounds WJ^h inveniioiis a[id judicious re- 
marks, nor are (he old methods of treatment rejected without 
(hewing fufficient c^ufc why o^her moje rational onts arc pre- 

The fourth volume begins thu^ t 

■ In ihe lall volume of this wo: I: I treated fo fully of tlie difearcs 
cf the eyes, that Jt was not my inienuou to fjy any ihiug fanher 
span them x bui, fmce the pablication of that volume, a foreign 
Kulifl, ^J, Jean Francis PcTlier, having appfarcd in [his ccunuy, 
where he has already actjuired much rrpuuiiont J coniidcr n hs a 
leceflary addiLion 10 the chapter on ihffe difeafes, 10 communicate 
fuch parts of M, PeJUer's prafiice as appear to be of importance. 
FofleiEDg the advantages uf a liberal cjucatiim, a found judgment, 
lad much expencnce, M> Pt^Jlier faaa bren enabled to likg£«U im-* 
provemenis in ihe ticatmeiil of aln^oH every difcafr lo uliith the 
evci are liable; and an un ommun degree of iteadinef^* conjoined to 
a <^ukk eye-fight, gives him a commrind uf himfelf ?.nJ a facility uf 
operating, which ii not often attained. I :hbk it proper hkcwife 
10 remarlct that M, Pellicr eom muni cat cd his knoo'EeJi^e uf ihe dif- 
tafes of the eyes in the moft candid manner; which puis h vn lu^ 
^wer io 1>7 hii 0bfervatiDDs before ihe Public, he alLo ha^Vi^g ^wccv 


Beir^ Sjjlim pf Surg£rj, 

mc pcnniffioD to do To, Wbile, by giving *n ^^^J ucoant of hu 
DiMcruI improvementi) I thus acquit myielf of an obligHtioa to the 
Fablk, I at the func time embrace, wiib much fatisfaaiDn, the op* 
portuniiy whidi it affords of aanoancing the menia of an operttor, 
who, although a Aranger, and as yet uot much known tn thu coun- 
try » is perhaps one of the beft oculjfts in Europe*' 

Such reconi[ncn<tatLon3 from a man of Mr. Bell's expenence 
and judgment have great weight; and from the account be gives 
cf M« Pellicr'9 methods of extraftmg' the cataraf^, knd curing 
the fiflula ]achryma!is, we fee fuflicient caufe for bcftowing 
prajfe on a man, who> if he hn not brought thefe operations, 
efpecially that for the fiilula, to their uimolt perfedion, hu at 
leaft greatly improved them. Weought, injuftice lo our Read- 
ers, 10 lay before ihem M, Petlier'a method of operating for the 
£flula I but as itf in a great meafure, depends upon the new in 
vented apparatus he makes ufe of, we fear it would be unintclh- 
giblc wirhout the plates* 

Mf, Jjell next confiders the difeafes of the nofe and fauce^ 
after h:iving, as ts ufual with him, given an anaioinical deferip- 
IJun of the parrs. The fubje^s treated of in this chapter are, 
Ilarmorrhagcs of ihe noftriJs ;— the Oz^jwa ;— Imperforated nof* 
trils ; — Polypus's j — ExtJipation of the Amy^^Le and IkiuU ;— - 
fcarifyin;* and fomenting the throat* 

Difcaii:s of ihe lips are few: the Hjre-I!p. and cancerous 


ml to be DCgkdc^ ir1i«fc I< h necelLrj ;' bot ririoui cirrom- 
fta»ccf mat concur lo render ir praAir»hV antt infitre fucceff. 
The nflCf wiin vrhK-h thi* opcrMjon i« jncnd^il, of c<t(r)intjnt< 
Cllfog difc;irc<,i» an tmpnrimr and \ff^ miu/iiJ f>bj*^inn loihe 
Wl kriminue pnUiCf nf^ii, And frc^ii 10 ovcft»ltii<c t^r^j «}- 
tiot3^ ili4t cm be obrtiBt^ by ii. Ii ti pradiCtd^ in grnenl, 
iiM)r« wich ■ vicvr to ^btlaic ^ti<am\Xy^ ilun lo be priMf«£t>ve 
<rf any fCJit ifAwnsJiN^t u\4 »e ihifik « bctuitfiil r«t of tfrth 
4rvlr bought IE in« «MpcDCc of a vetiereol uicit, or even rbc 
UMion ol « kf) drctdfui mitUdy, 

Tfr« drf-jfri o* th^ car form Ihc fubjrfl of llw r«! ctftpttf^ 
in whK^■ Mr. BcU rcin^Jcn dcifncf^ 4S 4itrin£ from an rmper- 
fianed jvr/Arvt Jib/f'nf'frf ; from eitnncoii^ brjdic* impidrd in 
ikenf I fro«ii«icr«(cfocei in the m^HMSi or from WiiX colkded 
\% ibr <4r. Tb< various opcratloob for mpoving ih«fr are dc- 
fcnVtid, iod in foch c>r?f ii coAftot be Cured by 107 xaaniMl 
ctpmiJD*^ pdJiMive rcit*cd>C3 «re rr<Oiiiaiei^<J«d, 

ThU wlurae con<1t>dDv wirFt rht wry-rrckf <b« Mt9tStt of iht 
ll}|»ple>, tC^ca^ and tnocjUtin;^ foj thr fiiuU-pi^x^ 

Th« irt of Su;gffr is mich indebted Toibe Pitgrauivi tQi ja* 
diciout Aultior of thefc voiuRK^k for whit he Saitl ifrcadj done 
tn«»afd the idviiHTftneni acd improvempni of ri; and wre hope 
ktviU noi long kwp us mcspcAAtion o'ttt^' pleafgrc «bich vrt 
fAWUlb 4MrfeUe« In a levieiit ol htt fuiure Ltiourv. 

Ait. VJII. Jatt^i o/'J^if9frtft, »ad oth«r olVfut Am. Co^Neftrd 
■Od pifbTUhfl bv ArtHur YoiiBe, l^fq. F. K. S. 5rc. IfC *C. 
Voll. Ml. UJ,iV*iid V. $n?. i>. td.cicb. GoMney, 

THOUGH Ihif ivork bttb mad« jt& jppciTsfic? in deiftched 
nttcnbcr^t and tboi;gh \x it noi out cuftom to ukc notice 
of p«fioiLe4} pfodu^ooi, yet 11 tbU vndcnjkin^ ii of a pccu< 
har Ralufe^ apt>'Oachir'j* to ihc Jti<m<nn of pafitculxr fockticf, 
^bicb ate cfien purlil'h^J pcrtwJicJlIy, Wf hart t^ougbf DiiifHvo 
obliged, in fomc mrjlufc^ 10 take jio'tccot ii« 

In B preface fo thr firH vclEimr, Mr Young evphitrt ihe dc> 
£|Q of thit poblkation, uid pomti out fti etUity. 

At ihr end of a w fthich not only Irfl tht nitlcit dWpOiW 
•f »' large irtrnory, but dteply invoJ^ed in debt, he couclodet, 
Ibil Kxbing mnaini Tor rjiuicalin^ oLsifclvcv from our dfflkof- 
tr«t bot ft rtdoubkid attcrtf EO-i to o^r ^*nfj9U coccerni 1 aotl, in 
tfitr v^w, noihifig, he ibifiLt, could prove more ufcM th^ci ft 
p^vfivminrr naiurilly c^culitrd 10 tum Ihe atceniktn of mar^ 
kiibd CO the important concrrnsof a^rjcoliure. 'I'bcfecootider- 
•Hona gtre rife to the prrfeni work: and heprolrffn to bcfiovr, 
freely* bti cvfi iabcuii wichotft my profpvd of pccuojuf ooao'- 


Voiiitg'' ^W^ ^ Agfkidt^t, 

The plan of the y^za^. differs little Trora fereral «ther pcrfodi- 
cal produdijons on agriculture that bive appeared, except that it 
if pubtiAied by aq editor well known for hit Itboiin in IhitiiiM, 
^nd that no anODymoua papers are adiuilted. 

At fiffl it waft propofcd to vary the fi«e of th« mtnlirr, m 
inatier might prove more or lefi abundant, and alfo not to be li- 
piited to any reguUr time of publication \ but now, we think, 
the numbtn are pretty uniform, and that the time of publication 
JB alfo tolerably regular, 

Mr. Young appeara here in two chara^era, that of in atrthtr 
{for be. hii CDDtribuced pretty largeW to the work bimJelf), and 
that of an /^fff. In hJi originaf cfljy b we perceive tbe fanMi 
vivacity of thought, the Umt quicknefs of imiginatJQn, the fame 
avidity for felling doubtful fa^i, the fame facility of rearing, 
upon whatever foundation, ilru^urea of Jlupcndoui magnifi- 
cence | tbe fame bias to catcMlation* the fame fondncfi for poIi> 
lical fpeculatJonf, which diAfnguifh all his other performaDcea, 
(nd which render them peculiarly emertaiDiDg to thofe who 
fludy agriculture fcr amufemcnt and recreation. It «ppcari that 
to his other acqutremEnis Mr, Young has now added a degree of 
knowledge in chemiflry, which opens at good a field for hU 
'imagination to fport tn at any other branch of fcience that He 
could have thought of. Accordingly, we find that in the handa 
of the adventurous Tyr^, the word&pHLOGisTOtf, AiR,andGAS, 

Yoop^'i /^t^ahtf Aifk^ntt. 





ACwiri« ohiemr, C4Q hf in injr fort r<1i^ upon. Mf. Yoitfiff, 
ii.nigtii have been n*iurally cxpcitrd, cnUrs little into tbi* 
Tcm of the maeicr. HU ohJci laiimis on the pioiJuOioiia <A hb 
comfpr'fid«nf> »n ffw, and la the(« it f(f«ia th«t he woold rt- 
t^r (tin Im'dic his fiicods (hin Aay- tu ftt.tuoipAnir ibc<n, or id 
iMukfilc their Ardour, li (hey ha;>pcn lo be in loo cnuch hariy: 
IaJ though wc bclic/c thAC he ha^ i miad far a^vrc ihe «nca&» 
Mr*o/ knounf«j(Iy bc^vifuing the pkncj^yrifl of nigh rink or grrtf 
nuKf, TCI he h«t, on focral Acc«rL«oi, ma<ltcrtentlr vre pic* 
iuoir, fat^ miu s loan lh>i an i]J-i|«turc-J ci\\%c aufbceartl^ 
c^nfiiue to hJi ^tfidip«nugc. Tlic dtgoity of fcrcivcc recjuiro 
ikkti a mm af chua^er QiouJd be rqujill/ «Wjc offrtin^ uiccn^ 
lo tb< tfrcai, or aojuflly <k;:ri4ui£ lh« bvfrbk ^ aml» i' we are 
noCKniuaLcii, oui editor «rii] icadjiy agree i«i;ik u> iu (hii fciiu» 

It mV. pw bcexpoflfi that all the jupcr* in a work of thit 
aatur«- cio be of eqiul ir-rrtr, or ihu an editor can bare it in hit 
pQurer t9 rtjed all thole which h>l owo jud^incnt might difap- 
^o^f*, when hr aitd iSp cofrcfpondcntt arc muru illy Known to 
etch Olbcr ; for poMDcncfi, humanity, gratitude, and bcne^o- 
tr^icc (omecLmc^fi^'bHl thii. A cooitJtratc reader witl thrrc'- 
lore be difpofcd to make allowance* on theHv accoiinu, anJ will 
Dvt haiilily fcfufe to forgive liun fai JHloutting a few ui£iog vtd 
infigniftcantrnUya, whm the htilk of thole he nK<fb wilh have 
»>cfit. Of Ihit lafi cUfA ihcrc are oot a few ^ buc tonoooc 
^fon hai thU workbfen To miKh in^btcd for origitt*! ind efe- 
ffltcornmuotCAtlATiii, 4i t'>7>iti*^"r'^>irfi, LL. D, pr^ftj^ ffm^ 
J^rm ht/itfj In tbt Unr^ij'kj A/Cum^iidit \ whfr h^ gi*c*>t in fr- 
TCfa) long RH^ iiurcAiajt papcM, i better account ol iht prtket 
ftaie rf j;^«t^iilttare in Jialy* ihja wc recoll^^ eo have ever (tex) 
of any other e&unrryoo thf globe ' it would form a very iflre- 
jefliiig wo^'k by rliVlf. Many oihcr valuable coinipnaic^toftt 
occur } b«c we are ooc allowed roots topirticnlirizetbffl). 

The grcaicH dcfcd wc have rconarkcd in the work it, that pcr- 
pnatl tcnifmcy whjrh the Author fhe<ia to run into lo9g and 
i»tncaic jTgrtlioni <in pchtJCdl (u^je^i. We call l^«<n di^ftf' 
fottf fcT thmi^b fbc rdi;i'i h ii CJi*CAvnu:cd :j> pave the way lor 
IWch aniirYUJk« by mrtit^nj*, in the iiile-pagCf the wccdi «rivr 
i^rf^ft/ 4rii, ji well jrv ojfruttAirft jet wr i^fcfjmc every r<idtr 
ivOV'd v*^£i that ihc work Ciould.bc al»oft wholly appfOonartJ 
lofgiimlturc. Foroi^row^f part* wc bare been dil|fulicd by 
hairjnt^ our ittentt^vt & tittm ^liverEfid frotn the fij>j('^ we e«- 
^" 1 ircAied cxcljlwely of all oihri, and called iwajr 

hy ' Honv on ihr C'>'o»t>ta» the Writ ludio, the trim 

p'opDj^tions, a/id ottKT ItruUi fubjcfb, are ireaicd ui{h 
all ibc aidiior and cnibun,fii» of a profcOrd pa«ty-wii:e.', Tnti 
i^Mppoiatcd us \ md we irc ^rluaded Ii ntiA bavc a AAl f,<«uu 


4t Hertzbcrg'; Oi/caurfii btfort iht R^at Academy^ BirUnn 

tenilcncy to offend the fober- minded farmer, who, chiefly atieit- 
tive to his own bufiners, takes lictJe concern in ihofc wafm con- 
tefls which fo Itrongly intcrefi our political panizana. This, we 
doubt, may have tended much (o retard the flic of our Author's 
cnnaht of which he bitterly complains, amongrbtt ttuly vatut<- 
blc ciafs of citizent. In its preient flace, the wort can ncither 
be adapted to the cafte of the praftical f<irmer, i?or that of (he 
fpeculative politician, as it contains a great mixture of cxtranerius 
matter, about which neither of them arc much concerned. It 
would be well, therefore, if Mr. Young would lay himfclFun* 
der a little reftraint in this refpe^l, and ciiht^r rcfolve to ablriin 
from one of thefc kinds of fpecuUtion, or make two feparate 
publications of it. Our dcHre to fee a fuccefsful work on the 
fubjed of experimental agriculture, which we think Ja much 
wanted, has produced thr-fi; remarks. 

N, B, This publication hath pr&cccded as far as the 30th N". 

jLuT- tX< Tim Di/ipur/rj, delivered ai ihe pablic Meecingi of the 
Royal AcaJeray of Science* and HcUca Lcttrct at Berliu, in the 
Ycaii 178^ and 17S6. U On the Populacion of States in general, 
and that of the PrulHan Dominions in particular. JI. On the 
true Riches of States and Nations, tbe BiUnce of Commerce and 
that of Power. By the Baron de Hertzberg, Minifter of State, 
and Member of the Academy. TranQated ft-om Che Ffench. 8va. 
II. 6d. Dilly. 17S6. 



canArnw^ ^f ^ 1W11omc«1 UGoi»ai d theniiAeoGe of ■ politicij 
baUfiCC in >t> le^- In ttar* p«it of Hi wc^rk ke &rvi« h^mrcif 
to he > pfidfounJ potiiii;iA(i, aaJ a wcil-iiifipimcd hiAorUn. 

Atta mcniior.inj! tkc gi«Al work i»ttich <bc K^ hjMl Utely 
conplcud, ut cfttUAing ibc ^uufaI rrpofc an<i rrijrjr of 
Gcrnun^Tt (he Biuon pr<KTcd» lo cnumcrii* ihc cranf itnfortau 
poliiiol ocnipttiofM whkh coga^ tVc itteacioa Oif ibit i^rcai 
BtCMfcb, U iftprift thai fac h^i, «E bii own rxpcpcf, evened t 
grcAC oumbct of public tnd priv:iee U;tidinf*i u B«(|iii uid Potf- 
diio, — tlu< he has rrbaili wboit iowok which Jme been coo- 
titsicd by fir«,— ocSed m« ckuf«tN<t And rtpiit«d <4id oneA,^* 
th4l be bfticiptndcd ^rctc fLiiak Ui tbe cofiftj<»^krn of fo'iieflri 
ui birr>cki,*-*4hic be ItJi cftablifluil new miaufi^um tnd 
fii|)|iancd M oocSt — ttut he Jiu gii^cu coAlidciiVte fvmt le 
ficaikA»rn vid other p^flrfibn of -lAdi lor tkte »dvii>crttriit of 
Ofiiciilurc inJ the icnprovecacnt cf tb«ir cltatrt^ fur ilic dcu* 
fngof Juidiaad ibt draminp of matfbn,— and ihai tir hunftdf 
tbcf:rt4CtA cfioica for repiiring Ibe dBOit£=» aai m<:^t>riunoOG« 
Cimvcil bjr txttuttdta^iy buiidaiioAt, m rjti£oj; ibe timki ffiic 
VMTfl brofciB do<ro to be rcfhjrcd wubmit M* 0/ luw, in rur* 
ntfding to tbe itaiaitttaMK iiibibiuiLli Icid fw fowlng* and corn 
^ ihtir faHfniDce, tod lA fuppifiitft tb4xr f&fiout ottitr ncctf* 
&tici. Tbc whok fvm wbtcb ihc Kins ^ opcoJcd duiuie 
Uic couife of th; fear J7l}5t in CMtraonfiaary b«ttcfadji>fi« and 
grtiiiitK«t for ibcbcncfi ot kU rub^cfih* appcv 1 to bo 31901,000 

The 61JOB1 »itei tbi» wirci culo|Qr 00 hit Uinflrioto nMnar<b« 
tctitiM lo (be pfincipiL fubjc^t of b» Jircourfc, ind dMwi ibat 
Piruflia m»f ht confidcrrJ ac a povrrrful aod licb fi*l«, bvcauft 
it ctifoytma impfovtdflalcol'aijtktrlliirtf, great nM^ooal induJtrf, 
odvantagtOtti t«land aod forctgn commerce, and 10 cafteofivt 


Th'n grvat 3nd Iftrnnl poJJikifo his ifTxHicid uf much pUa- 
furc, «»baacirtT «c bj«< h^d oc<^boo to pcraia bii prodifiioot 1 
ind «c thtnk our coudtryineD ttt o:>li^ lo Dr- Tovreri for 
givic^ ibein a fc<K>^ trioQauoo of <bc pitfrai iD^cnioil> aod loi- 
oijicO dtftourLia. 

B«aiiU, JoEiaJloci. Ac. i7£S' 

IV the difTulion of Iraioin^, m general* a0oida matter of de« 
U^i and fatiifad^on CO liberal and phitofefibic cntndi, ibo 
piOgreA wbicb baj been oudc in bibJical cfificifm, in paciic«« 

4^ B'ljh^p Nevrcomc'i Atitmpt towards an imprp^d V^^^'t^i^ 

C'^u-^rry, mul( be contemplated hy evaj friend to trniht ind 
Cn^iltianity, vich t pl»rure ftill more interefting and exiltcd. 

T-^c Hebrevr and other Oriental Unguagci have liieljr been 
cultivated by fchoUri, whofe Cafte ii equij to rheir emdiriona 
Bnti upfio, to tbe labour of patient and miiiute inveAieaiion, have 
join'-'l trat accuracy of j«jdgmcnt, and chaftity of OTAament^ 
wtihout which, diligence ii often mifapplied, and learning itfelf 
difguHing. Should the example of fuch crttict excite the emu- 
latron of others, equally qualififd to engage in fimilar purfuiifl, 
thT7<>logy would no longer open to the ftepi of the young fiudenv 
thol'i' intricate and thorny paiha, which few have courage to 
tr^^d, and in which even thofc who have explored them, have 
rarely gathered a £nglc flower, Co cheer them on their way. 

But while we are ihua caught bow the brow of criiicirm ma^ 
be fmooihed, while the facred fiage» ate gradually eahibiicd to 
ui in a fnrm which attra^i our curioficy by its novelty, and 
challengei our admiration by its elegance, there ia reafon to ap- 
piehrnd that thefe advantages, however fubAanual ihey may be 
to the learned reader, and however plaufible fome perfona may 
deem them in every mflance, will, if caution be not ufed, pro* 
duce efFcfh the moft injurious to religion. There would be no 
eaufes indeed, to dread ihefe cffc^i, if the wriicra here alluded 
to, addreHcd their criticifmi only to fpeculative oien; if they 
were content to hold up that light to fcholars only, the blaze of 

art of rc]iff»o>n irticroeptcJ, or obfc 





, bfrtQi4> 

Imc ii( (bv minuivr tovcri«, tkhich iht\t ^tunitnx coild never 
fcwecfliMcd iNcnt :o ptitcivt» «ic Copic<J with a Icf* f*iih/ui 
^e»ci] J WilL tticpcikiiii, Who hift ahcidy Jrarnc itottttia fji6k» 
thu ibcfc 11 onf Ovd, ihcfuniflKro' tbc wickoJ, and cheiw- 
wdrr «4^ tiie lighiMvi, reap my reoHHrf, or useful inAruc-> 
ti»n» fro» bcieg iM^ that the ivt>faB which ohginany rcci>idcd 
ttkc/tf twful pfmciptrtof Ecti^ton wncimiiged in mccric^J or- 
dctf 1** pi*f*£C> tcUun^ lo aocjrni tm^iat, ^f which he i« 
ptf- I iTim, wjU h^ Tccl ihc iupdior lojcc of d rrjnJhk 

ijcn, '''«> L«f^ ^1 u:ijnt wJEh gmrer ojcliicfflind pro- 

prwtf ^ Iq ibc fek-^ti^P cf cortcCLigrding <d]0[ii4» by mtjndof 
«F«t<b ft good vetJioQ r«dc^t the beauiie* of ibc ti'lfttnal Jo. 
S**|E^» whic chdriM (hill h« be ibltf lodire^rer, who, jiiberit- 
iflg only * mrcbamnl ufr of bit ovrn icutgor^ k c^^ui^ly i^ao* 
ruC of «niTcff«| gti<nn>M, ifid ot (be pccujia^ fotcc of idiomi- 
rinl r»p*tfli^pi ? 

It Bcrec^f iQRiuliiply a^un'>eflft to th« fuiie purpole; nor 
■0'>ld iJKfr obrioui rcm«'ka ii«ire iound a place in our Rev^vv* 
bad it n^i bcett the pr.ifrdeJ deGga of lh« wrrb brfote ut ;« ff* 

In l»ie opinion <*' ibe !ff*fr^ PfcUic, * 94Shhg <tutd kt tmr4 
in^imJn /A* ci><s(^ *|^ ™f'«, «■ WW/ StstirmAli ta tht rtii^ tad 

cyfiw*^/ ftji br, 'ii'i ji< n'Jititt, in/tr/e^nwj^ atJ tmtJKii/^ 

atmrt/Min frtn /^-^ M '*' Mutfirtfi't fti^ir, aW i « r J* Mjvvtff 

Wiihoav ^lurfuing « lubjcill wrbSch vtoliTJ Irid ai bF}'ond (be 
Jiaiti ^fcribed lo Cbii airidf, ti mif b< fufficicnf to temart, 
m ^coerftK that ibrfc it^fsfti ifo not fcem Ici ut fuflictrmly r^ 
ftat. We hive aUtid^ oblVrvrd thjt ibc rmpcrfrdiofti <oa»- 
plijnrd of, f«]do<ti aFc't cirbcr Ihc faith or pnfticc of Jlliferaif 
^fe«ft) tcid that, in nuny in^tanceif even a ivopt accvtiie rer- 
SammouAI totbtm be attended w>4h cquti ot>Jc«rjiy, Ar tb« 
&«e tin**, trftf piou* and iniiniritive fchoJir U und<r ih* hi^b* 
t€ oUfK^lioni lo fuch critics a« B>0^>p Nc«C09ie. To awn tfi 
T^ti d^ri'riptian, thffefo;?, ki hint yiclcin cbr /ruJEt of hii ibeio- 
I'-g-cil fpf<tfiiiiijn*, fifjce ihcy only cark derife ihofe aiJvaBEmt- 
ffooi hii litMLfV, tttij^: i hi& Diifi^kcn KcaJ ivc-tiJd rxi«nd lo all, 
lo tbra h« ivill iii^ i*'} ]an(x:ct]f piejudvcet, wbich it miy be 
dm^otato rcirowc, acii Uom them kac will certainly rrc«ive 
liiai flifcil of hotvti^ and wrlKriirrd fairf, «rttich in «viry good 
man't cflimation it in^ior only lo ibc hJcot praife of Hm ovni 


Trefac^. p. xn. i*it. 


46 Bifiop NewcomcV Atimpt Uwardr av impr^Otd Vtrfim^ ^c. 

He dcujjign of various helfiSj and the adtfmwljlaie ofkaming^ 
would be highly favounble to ihe execution of « new vcrfion, if 
the rcafons g[ven above did not convince 11$ th«i fuch a vcrfion 
ii neither neceJary nor enpedtent. Tiie fame mty be &id, wnh 
fomc limiUtions, of what it is fiOiionable to call < ^ttr rmMHOfa- 
tun from fiavtrj to the MafirttH pointiy /md to tht Htbrew itxt at 
ah/olutffy uncorrupt* We fty with fomc Jimitaiion, fo^though 
we are no longer tnterefted in the dcbaEn which were fupported 
with fo much acrimony by Buxtorf ind Capellux, we are foiry 
to fee the mofl faithful tranHation of the Hebrew Scriptures gra- 
dually finking into conicmpt. We are juilili«d by the concur- 
rent opinion of Bifhop Lowth *« when we cbnfidcr the Maforetic 
punftuation as preferable, upon the whole, to any one of tho 
ancient verriona, from the peculiar advantage it pofTrfTes of hif" 
ing been formed upon a traditionary explanation of the fext, and 
cf being generally agreeable to that ten fc of Scripture which 
palTcd current, and was commonly received by the Jcwifh na- 
tioh in ancient limes. We know that the fuperfiitious zeal of 
the Rabbins once fuppofed the pointf to have been written by 
the finger of God, They are now^ on the conrrary, too often 
denied that credit which is jufily challenged by the befl human 

Let us however be careful to guard our fentiRienti on the cx* 
pediency of a new verfion againff the po/nbillty "f mifconftruc- 

- rf thi Twihn 3dwr Prtfhitt. 47 

condod of fucb % work. To eu:h of thcfc i\x\ci he hakS a<}dtd 
ftnuictyof pcitinent remarks aod exemplifications, which we 
hjvenot room. to tranfcribe. 

' Rule I. The tracflaior thould cxpreA every word id the oijgtaal 
by a literal rcfldcHug, where the EnglJfh Idiom admin of ic; uid 
where not only purity, buc perfpicuicy^ and dignity of cxprelEon cao 

' \l. Where the Englilh idiom requires a paraphrlfe, it fhould bo 
& fomed as to comprehend the original word or phrafe ; and the 
fapplemenral part fhould Aand in Italics ; except where harfbaefi of 
liQgDige arifcs from parfuing this method, 

* ill. Where a verbal trsnflation cannot be rbua interwoKQr ooe 
eqaivalenc to it, tnd which impHea ihe reading in ibe origiaal, 
Jhould be fabftituted \ and the idiom in the text ihonld be liter^f 
mdfred in the margia. 

' IV- The fuDc original xvord, and tta derivatives, according to 
the Icadiag different fenfea, and alfo the fame phrafct fhould be re- 
fpeftiTCly tntnflated by the fame corrcfpondEn^ Englifh word or 
phrafe ; except where a dillinfl reprctentation ofa general idea, or 
[he natnre of the Engltlh languagCt or the avoiding of an ambiguity, 
or barmony of found, require* a diiferent mode of expreffion. 

* V- The collocation of the words Jhould never be barfh, and un- 
faited to an EngliQi ear. An inverted Jlru^lure may often be vfed 
in imitation of thej>riginal, or merely for the falce of rhythm in the 
fentence : but thii Oiould be dctermioed by what is cify and hirmo- 
Dboaa in the EngtJih language : and not by the order of the words in 
the original, where thi^ produces a forced arrangement, or one more 
adapted to the licence of poetry than 10 profe. 

■ VI- The fim pie and ancient turn of the prefeat verfloa fhould 
be retained . 
' VIL The old ecdeHaflical terms [hould be continued: ai^rvM, 

' VllL Metapbori are, in general * ro be reialned ; and the Tub- 
QitDtioD, or unnccedry introdiifUon, of new onC£ ftould be avoided. 

' iX. Proper names HjouJd remain as they arc now written. 

' X. The bell known geographical lerm^ ihnuld be inferted in the 
teal, and the original ones IhouJd Jland in the margin, At Syria, 
marg, Aram : Ethiopia, marg. CuHj, Uc, 

' XI. The language, fcnJe, and punctuation of our prefent verfloa 
fhould be retained ; unlcfs when a fu^Ecicnt reafon can be affigned 
for departing from ;hem, 

^ Xll- The critical fenfe of paflages fhould be conHdefcd i and 
not the opinions of any denomination of Chri^lians wliatcver. 

' Xllli Paifagei which are alfo^ved to be maigin^l glomes, or 
about the authenticity of which critics have reafon to be doubtful^ 
[hoold be placed in the tcjtt between br::ckets. 

' XIV. In the bell editions of the EiMe, the poetical pirts Jhould 
he dirided into litres anfwcHng to Cbe metre of ihe original. 

' XV- Of dark paffagw, which exbiolt no meaning ai they ftand 
in onr pre^.t.y«ffiODj aii iiirelligible rcjjd^ring Ihould be made, on, 
ihe prindpIcA of found ccidcifmi' 

48 Bijhpp'^twttyssk^^s AtUmptttwardianimpro^dVirJkH^^ei 

Moft of th>re rules arfr pregnant with good fenfe, and dtf- 
phy an accurate and extcnfive knowledge of Ihc fDbjed. We 
wilt add, too, that, (houM the viHiea of the learned Prelacc be 
grafiiied b^ the publication of a new, or a rcvifil of the old 
verfion of the Scriptures, his own rules may, vith Tome fisw fi- 
mitations, be very properly and fafely recommended to the traaf' 
lacorst as the models on which their work Oiould be formed. 

Tn found criticifm, as it is mentioned in the Jaft rule, the 
Bilhop includes conje^ural criticirm, the fober ufe of which he 
frequently recommends. We agree with him, that, if it be ad- 
miffibie It all, il cannot be ufcd t^o fibtrly. " Si ita littrat « 
vtrba mutare ri transferrt lictat" faya the great Pocock", •* uht 
iandtm pedem figrmus ? Tot nunt textut facri^ qu9i tritia Vfl in" 
tirprtteiy fivi in conjtilando fclUisTti^ Jive paulum aquo dsfliara" 

Benttey'a fpecimen of his tntendtrd edition of the Greek TeRa- 
mcnr, excites no rc^^et in our minds, that even the £rft conjec- 
tural critic this country ha» boalled, was induced at Jcngtb to 
leave the facred volume untouched. We rather fufpe^, that had 
the work itfelf appeared, it would haveafFojdcd a fcrious example 
of what Burman f obf^ived, indeed ironically — Ds£lus crtticus it 
ff^uetus urtrty Jttare^ ineltmenter tmnii gtntris tihrsi traSfart^ apUft^ 
JjUohaiy voceif diflhnts (^nfsdtrt^ et Jfyh txigtre^ continrhitne Hie 
ab integrfi tt intaminato divina fapieniia monumtnto trudtln vn* 

tk^ art HtuCr/ar tff fM^it //*^Jif e/ ib^ d^r^h." 

Of Bllbop NevciMic'ft irar*ttLEicb ii wtli b« I'uiEcifrl p^tMe to 
oblcnr, ihiit ii wouJJ be <li&ciilt (o jnini oue rc«i>y iLtUncc*» 
lA which he h» not adhered to KiJ ovn rule*. At A fpeciiMii 
o' hU ^cocnl minBcr, »c wfll tr^nfcnbc th« rDllovrine wirtiaccd 
f«IDigr from thr Pn^pHrt H^bikkiit', urtitrh R^^|cp Lnwrh bvt 
produced ID Km Pr^lcdliori on ifac Hrbrcw pociry *, ai n link* 
iog mmp'cuf <tui /j^cin of fubkjtriji;, iHrhECli i> pcculiii lo 

' O UhdvAb, I \^Y^ kafd thy f Ipcedi t 
I hare fe-3fYtl, D J(hoT«h, i\j WTvk, 
Al ibe JWin ftpfrrovb, ibou but /liciro /*; 

fft «vaiti Tit<iu remembcrdl mercy. 

' God tame from l>inaOt 
Ad(1 ckc Hct^ Unc froi? DOuni Pi/u; [StUkJ 
Hb tlory e0T(-mJ tnr heivcoi ; 
AnTlbe earih «u Till of Sii pfaift. 
Hu brjf Hlaef't <v»i ki th« ^ighc i 
9iAfi/mvi^ X frvtit hL» liMuU: 
A^d ikcrc utfi (tbf hiding place ofliii pcwcr. 
Brforp fciT»i *eni (hr prPiFfnCf r 
Aad diDici of &rc § went forth after fa«a- 
lle ibwJt ltd mckTired ilic had t 
He behead, ind dlTpetfcl ihc catiOftt: 
Aad the ettfilaiUas mcuDuiai ««re broltcn jifnttdcr ; 
The eternal iiM* bcn-ed do«^n : 
The ecrrral piibi H w«n trodden bj bin. 
>TkM &«vll liic tenU of C^itliBii f U a^r m ; 
The "'«iirui»iaf lie JtnJ of MI Jim trembled, 

■ Wii ibc iDpr of Jehotib kindkd i^ainlt ihe dtfOJi ^ 
Wu thy wmh BgabH ih* dcodi? 
Wu (bJEp in^ipaiticci aguitlt the fei, 
Wbva tkau didit ride ou thiiif h«rcjj maj oq thjr cWiaci of 

^Tb]r boa- va« atde liefe, 

' 'I hoa d'tii^ c^M^f i-.f tt'' '911 of th* Uffd : 
Themf'iiatiin.i fa>r ih<e ^m v:ic id pAn^4i 
OTerftowiag o.' v^ict jiatusiaivaf i 
'be dnp nEtfrcd ill ^^Ut - 
IrlifM vb !t« binJi » b!£b> 

Tbsranm/'be oooa Aood iUlt/tMn^ babiuiion ; 
tf /i»r li^kr tb^'c irrowi 4C!Tr nbrvrd i 

* FtvUA iiiiif. p, i6s. 
ilebr. ^ i*< /A/, 
&t»* jas. 17*7, 



JO Bifiap Newcome'j AiUmff towarJi en Imprtttd Frr/tnt ^c* 

' la /hint iDdignJitJon didflthou injirch thropgh the Und ; 
la tfy wraEh did(t thou " (read the Datton}, 
Thon wtfnteft forth for <he dclinnore of iky peopfe, 
E^tu for eFic deliverance of chine snoinitd onc>, 

* Thou didJl wound the head oat ofchehoafe of the wicked; 
Thoa didfl lay bare the fbuadacioa to the rock: [Sdih.] 
Thou didft pierce with thy rod the bead of hU viiiago. 
They mfhed as a whirlwind lo Jcacter as : 
Their rejoicing ivrti, as if they fhould derour the poor iecrctfy. 
Thou didd march through the Tea iuii& thtne liorlei j 
Through the heap of mighty waters. 

' When I heard tiyjpetch, my boweli trembled 3 
At thy voice my lips quivered : 

Rottennefs entered into my bones, and I trembled ia f my |>]ic<4 
Jtecaufe I ihall be brODght to the day of troable^ 
To go up tafti'vt uttto the people tvbo QidJJ invade iu with theti 

' Bmi although the figtree lha}I not flourifh. 
And thtrf fia/ibe no produce m the vuieii 
The /fuit of the olive fiiall fail. 
And the fttrlds Ihalt aot yield it>od ; 
The flocks fliall be cut oiF from the fold. 
And there fiaU St no herd in the (lalls ; 
Yet will I rejoice in Jehovah, 
I will exult in the God of my falvatiou. 
The Lord Jehov.^h it my fUtngih ; 


t«CT confidfTc^ AS I Dcc^fTi'/ ji*jur»£l 'i>e*«y icprcrcnCilfofi cf 
the Jrwifti Lrgiflilor. — Ai^LjjU icndrft the wordi iri^ATuJ^f Jv, 
vid tt^ Vulf>«ic tdnniis ifaf Uttk crronfouf biUrpfcutJonj ** £i 

Ort vc, J, ihe LJifhop tf<iiAr£u» • firppofin* ihv Prophet to 
fyftk, " I f*w," f^cma h»t(li ; iiid rSp rt^ofc l p:op'»fc p'iO 

ft(H fc«thc iKCcdilv o* ihli<i>ir?ftjcn of the H;hr<* test i — nor 
dta wr ihinV Jr mi^rc lurlli, or mt^r^ unniCuMi, fi^r ihe ffophCE 
lo ttptt(<nt fiitplclfi St hftvin^ brcn a wndcfi to cvem* long 
(incc pjfl, tbiti ii ii ia dcfcribr thipg* fuiutr, a* how prrArm j 
• mode Qi rxprcl&on which occuf* in crety ytgt of the propheuc 
writmi^i. We 4rc inflmcii ihcrcfotc la Kqaivfcc in ibc pfcfcnC 

WtfK 1 1- 14 much tr<itt tijpp-ly tnnflited bf BIfllop Ncvr- 
COOiP, th»n in rhr old Frglifh vfrfion— > 

* Tl« tati AnA ihv moo^ (U>(-d HilJ i« tli«ir b4biutic4i i 
Br fhdr li^ki thiAr atroi*t »cqi >IkM(I{ 

The cnntftiori tunilitKrn it ci>Tr[>miivelT obTcvrr apd inrlfjzinr 
— 7Af>Wi tftt^ tiu numJtmJJtiiJ it thtir h*lito:i^ ; ^ fiv //^^ *^ 

On Ibc wwd* n»T HK^i!? ^'^^ '^ "'■ '?■ l^**^**? Ntm- 
c<Knc ttmtrkit ^Atr.iS^y ^ni&ci /# pr^dun^ u a lice or s 
fidd- f« Gen. i. Iff II. Pf. i. 3. pfyO '•''^ Tnurilly de- 
note fmiu Hence v«'im' ka/rcr in ih« New l'dt4aiCDt, Mutli> 
ill. 10, &C-' 

Thi* o^ff rviifon ift ui|;eaIout ( but with refpcQ to ibf word 
Chl^ wc ibinkt ib^t ncLihcE Bifbop Ncwccnie') tiaailiiion, 

nr Ibc old mfiotft, cxpreici in Tutl force ind elc^toee. Tlie 
S^tiMpot ipproacbca r>etfcr Co th« Hebrew— ^r^rrrAi l^ytt 
i^A^^Xbui Horace hinjarttiut mrrtJ^^ tttd Jptm mntiia /e^u 

Aad hcf e e«ndotir oblige* vi 10 owo, Ibit a tr^nllailon or tht 
MtDOf Pfophcis 13 Aitendtd witb p^culur dilEculiK^i The ob-> 
Iturttff rn iv^ich th«r are iflTolved, m cooimon wiih ihr uhtr 
pant of ihc Ucrcd ivluoic, ^n\tt^ m fatn; 6<^ft<t (icm the Un- 
^Lcr coflciftnefi of ihc HcS^ew Ungua^r^ irom ii* nomcrotit 
MfivdtU, and rbe ptuc^ty of 10 mo-^Ji atiii icnfci, ttcei the frc- 
^■cni ontilfion of prejiodiliorkt, ind the tike and varioui &^niR* 
uiiom afeobed eo iis ptrtklei* But htftit th«fe, and cthff 
diScullkt, inchlctJl COe«c^ tranftitor of ihc H<Vrcw Scnpiom* 
ibcte ve. oih<n, not left d^lcourjgin|, uhkb B ftop Nr^i^ome 
had ilM>fc paftjCtfliify lo cncouniern Sucb afc ttic v>ant of hif- 
lorciJ rccordt, for thr illuftunori cf marjr fi>5)i, to ubkh the 
wrmn?9 of ibt Mioor Prcphcc* r^fcTi the osture of <holc n/iac- 
compliAcd propbce-ici tbic ofcur Ui tbciu, ard «Wi^\> Vtve 

jl Bijhop Ncwcomc*! Atttmpt towards an imfrovid Vtrjian^ l^c, 

cventonly can diilindtf cxphm } an<}, above aTl, che fhorln^fi 

of fbc fcveral boolcs, which d^privn the tranflator of that moll 
ffuiifut fource of juft criticirm, the comparifoi] of i wiiter with 
himfelf. A prophecy confifling but of a few chiptcra muft of 
courfe coDiain worda, and phrafes, abnu( the meaning of wbich, 
ai they occur but onc^, we can only form conjeftureg from the 
contexr, or from analogous terms in the iifter dialers. 

Wc have before obfcrved, that there are few inAancci lA 
which our Trinflator his not adhered to hit ovrn rules. The 
following are among the number of thofe that we have no- 

Amos, ill. 3. 19 renf'erfd by Biihop Newcome, 
' Caa two go together^ 
Unlef-i ihey meei by appointment }' 
£ut ii not the exprcfiion, mttt by appffinimtrtt^ one of rhore mo- 
dern phrafes, which he has himfelf very properly profcribed, in 
pagr xxiii oJ his Preface, and very pointedly condemned in Other 
tranllators of the Scripture*.' 

Amos, \v* ver. 9* is rendered, 
' I have fmiucn you with blading aad with mildew rety much.* 
Whether this tranHarion of the p^fTage he more accurate thifi 
the common Eng1[(h verHon, which, in compliance with the 
AlaforetEc divilion of the fcntence, conneds the word Jni3*in 

with the following cUufct we will not take upon us to deter* 

9f iht Ta>t/vf Afiiur Pn^lMi> 


iKiaingt (hould (ptik a liogui^e mcclligil^le to tttry CJpt- 

' Alf of tbcffl ihftl! e&mr for vloJfnrr I 
Thf fflftfiAg vpof likdf ftett Ihalt be ■« an BiiMud; 
AnJ L^rr ^iN ^^rhrr f jpiiv«» «r tbr fanit/ 
Tbcnifih tbc wutii nO^^p tc tcndcrcJr perhaps witb &uA. 

Ikml pfcpiirtv, rhffiif>f>iag up, and vhangh (he Tunflaioc mi^ 
fhcJicr hicnidf undrr itc auiheniy oF ibe conarnofi b^eliQi vrr- 
fion, inrl f^ii of thf Ifirn^'l Pecrrt on Job, ^ wc onnm bot 

BMinin^, (11 f ii1i:j (to meaning ir ill (t> rhc tit^'c Erai^IiIlL luiJcr. 
At Itke fifDe t^(nt> howvvcr, we muti be ^in^JtJ crwHigh lo con- 
ki*f (b«t wc kftOkir no en exceptionable word whkb wc C4ii re- 
aktti«ir|»d 10 be fubiliKicd ifi ici pUci i unlCK inJr^ v»c fol- 
Imv [Ik Sr^j^ v<HiL>n, •.td ib«t ol 5ytn<ma<btfr, wHkh 3pp««r 

Itobatt md T^jp, or^ whM soiounM to nriily (he fjtt^, *d- 
aiblbc <onjeduieof HoubigiQFi 01pp» wh^a ilie Jcntenc« 
VDI fun ihu? : Bifiri tWk /etfit &c- 
But vr« forbvjr fo intjft iii^ ion^r oa ihii moA iricf^rrc pirt 
of our cC^c, Wc wi^t no; r*ti^>oc cfarftUcp. ox Jn'i^iili our 
RniSer«t wich a erd-oai fnumrrjihon of trifling inic^uraciet. 
On (hff cxinrtarf-t we f ipiioC cxprcJa OJr (cniimcoti on Ehu fi^b- 

CEi moft pxidljr, or more forcibly, tfiao in ihc wotdi of a cv* 
^tt^ wnf«f i^f «oiiquity — tCaCjiTff yt «■• It i-tTc xAifrtwiV 

In lU wrdfc at l^'CT^v b^t mo^t piiiirulir!y in the Nnr«, fb« 

Bk&op h«> ciijaycd mc *dvan-H{;c of lomc pjnic«[«r tlfiJUj&Cfi 

M f^dNUm to thof* wfHch tIk preft iHWdi. Tft«fr, wn^cb ^e 

«iu«tK«Atn in ihc m'--^ c$niis «nd gi'Aic'ul fflannrr^ cooftficd 

■fioL^ipitff in *he arcrff which he hMl io rhr irtrdried pfirn of 

Ut, Unt<l\, i>. lVAr<F«r, ir.d Afcbbdbop £ccUrt i-i m.IIo* 

#1001 rj( (he Ccifito feifirirj muLir in ihr id rrniorw ; i-.i' nf ifci 

PK'WmltO MS. ; to wQicfi 111^1^ b« ajdtd Tor-f ob' 

D.'*Kt7j|'i7cth, Aic''J<J<on u( Cotk* wbiCh o«.Di\, 

dtrj^e pan of ihe Apprr^div. 

1^^ TlM-rc It alTo « cuiiouj co-TDuriimioa oo H^l: ^ 

BSp 9 Jrcm ihc I^ftrittd I)r H'^^rdrn, wh^ch dr^rr 

■^li:«)«flv Rt^itctd, '1 it tcn<Ta t9 Utftv Th'- iftii.pp]ic«[i 

pfc^m-. **iirt». •• << f jfiJi 11) *%*it tfiiifl4t-<n>, 11 rvidmilv prei 
eilii [t « (rut. f^Jr whiTrvT tin ' t be 

pijpr' . , t^iKiTi of ChtiQtar-k/, oii^hi rtJtHj.'f ca 

b! ^.rtcd wt(h, fincc fffi thf ft'-ft ciuft ihiy isfl'^r (rwn u^ ^an-. 
^luJ <v 110/4U iJr/rr»cr. <^ rAc Macf iidjKl^ Oific Ctc -^^ m 


'i j:ro- 

5i hijh9p Newcomt'j Aittmpt tewardt an tmprwid FtrJUn^ i^t, 

fl^armtng propcnfTl^ in fome modcrA wntcrs to rclinquifh rvi- 
<lfTicc on the lirA rufpicion of its aut hemic tty ; a propenjjtyv 
vhkcb, [hough it miy be perfe^ly confifient with the b«ft in- 
tentions, feemt to carry candour to in exccft, ind may bt con- 
ffrued by the cneoiici of our faith into lukewircnnej) ind in- 

Whether this prophecy of Haggai deferv» to be rinked 
among thofe proofs, which fliould not baftily be yielded to oar 
advcrfarics, ii a qtjcftion now before the PubJic, That our 
Readers may judge in fomc degree of the prefect ftatc of the 
controverfy, we (taXi iranfcribc the paiTi^ at tranflated by 
Bifhop Kewcome, together with Dr. Hebcrdcn*! commuiucfr- 
tioD, fubjoining a few curfory obfervations of our own* 

' Ferthus Tuih JehovabGt^of hoA>: 

Yet ODCc mtrt, in a fhort timt, 

I will ihake the hcaveni and the eaiEh, 

^nd (he fea and the dry iaad: 

And r will Ihakc all the ntdoni ; 

And the drfire * of all the natiooi fhall come ; 

And f win Jill ihj] Houfe with glory ; 

Siiih Jehovah God of hoda. 

The filver it mine, and the gold ii miae \ 

Saith Jehovah G^i/ of bolls. 

Gmicr be ihc glory 

\}%jb »tti)nMUY cife to 1 ptuni vrrb IK31 mufl be a plurtl voaTi, 
i*d ou^hi 10 be iMfiflileil * pfccioua thi^g* 1* thV ii 11 limkril fi> 
Uii vcMJog b^ thv miniioQ cf filler ■bJg«l4i wlijch Mlow), icd 
li«r oQiliinE m^c wti tnEcndtd bv the PiOfhci (ban tlkc co^unov 
tidueft of d>e building and t:i fureiliure. 

" It ippriri from 1 M>r«>hers l> 11. f i, that ilif Tcfond lemple 
watiB ^th veryrickljonucacntvd ; »cd m ifa« i}d verleof ih« ftmo 
chiptrr Aati^kai i> fik 10 b«v« uken jiu«t the filrtr and ihvrold 
tad lW>rr;i~c«« vrJTclt; wbkii. if ttic book tuJ been wriitcn in rf«* 
brw. would pTDbablj have been (he verr word mvniioaed bf 

*' if ia oMVrtibTc ihat iKat Krbrtw word it found in DanSri, ?iL 
4)r}oiatd viihf^flfdinJ £E^er, and iicrRaOaud in ih< Enj^lifh fiibtn 
frtantn^mgi. Ifuth bkcAifc, Uif- ii, mcntiont the dcflnifkion 
of ihc implc, and (uffi^thcr vitb il ^^^DnJ^ <ll "ur vr ith ple^r»t 
thi»{i> new]/ t^e fimr «ard with tbit cf Hi^gaL $e« ^Tfo }v<\, 
ill- [Hebr. tv. ] 5. and Nahunii 11. 9. [Hrbr, 10.] 

" Befvdet, ucordtng t^ jofcfhiit, tt it nut true that the MeOiah'a 
pr«fificc cvrr added lo (he glnfy Of (he icR>p1e wbicli »4J building 
IB tbc lime of Ha^ai ; fo< the jcwifh hiilarian ajfircs ui. in ihe 

C' nelt wofdt, ihar, before Chni! wai bnfn, T^ii Eefp|>!n n^ai pulled 
p, aad iJw fotftadafi^ni of ic uere uken a*vaj> by Herod fhe 
CtC4lj »bo baUl an tnan new on« in in room: bii wcrda art, 

VT1V* JoTf^. Ant«q» I. If. II. 1. [lleiod] nfc^j he b«d uktn aiviy 
tbcobJ r«ndatlo«ii, ind laid otbcn« upon chem v reeled ibe icmp!e. 
Hov, if ibere b« ■oydiferrocc bciwro rebtiiidtn; and repiinn;. 
If Hajmi'atenip^e diferedfrom Solomon's, ind wai 1 fecond urapir, 
ib«a Herod'i wtt 00c ihv lan« witb Haiti's, bijt WM traljr aikiid 
Uffiple. [Tbc Icained Mr. Peir^e. on tile He^r. xii. j6, p. 189. 
id. edit. aQowi thu 10 be a ihird temple.) 

" Tbc noft plioAble objr^jont 10 the Chnl^ian religion bt» 
bMH nadc out of ibe weak ar^ttimenei ivhkh Airp b^n advanced m 
iti ^pfort ; and <4a thcfe be a mokef c/jmrcni than that wKicb f«l> 
•«t wiib doiof* violence 10 ihe ori)[iniL icxt in order to forA a pt^ 
pbecy. »nd ^bcn <onifddi^tlieezpre&tdUmonir of cbe bellKitlojiia 
of thofe ii»e4 it order to tlicw ihat ir hi- brrT> :ir(ntnpli[hed f" 

Bt&op Kcwcome*! cpmion it 10 be cillrClcd from hit Notlt. 
He ibUiki (hat (hciruc rejdiAg Ja n^n^n* Mid ihat the ttfv 
ka> brta ciniiied be<au1« a ivm fuppjied bjp a t>"ini. In 
fvppOit of ihii coAJcdvre, be obfcrvea, thM (hcLXX- lerdtr 
it tJ ixAi«?a, a«d the Arab, ti^aa^ tje^vtjha* He add», ihit 
lbs wofd 11 ufcd plttrally with tbe fo'Co of the hns^Lr, lib* 
dttioM or/pftt in La;iR» Dan. ix. 73. (wIktc LXX. and Arab. 
fi^bUy fwpplr tf'Xi *'"' dffidfrkrutn). TbaiCinhc, r. 16. wt 
bavc Ip'^Trn^ V^y\ *f ipff tvtui /iJsJtrMt fot ^ifidirtt^Us. 
Th>l Caruiluft u(ct 4mcr/T for a perfon ; and thai Cicero thtf> 
•ddnflo Tcrtatii and rultiola. I'aUtt trnt ^fiitrU. 

The Bilfaop cooftfiei, ffcat ihere i% a difiietjliy In >pp!jiog 
flTC^n t^ A pcrfeiH aod ibic wt Ibould cspcd to fiad la tbe 

E 4 u\^ 


56 Biji»pt^twct>mn'ijtitfmpliimardttmimpravtd FerJ&rrt^t* 

text rn^r\ nWl " ventu dtjidirtum. He thinks, ibatif tJli« 
difficulty could be furmountc<f, it U cUj and naiura] hngatgc to 
Uyy (hit He, towards whom tbc dc£reof tJI natioDs ought to bo 
turned, fhould come. 

With rcfpe£t, however, to (he propriety of cOone^tie 
J^n^Dn a finguUr noun, with ^(f^ b plunl verb, tbii anode erf 

exprfffion receives perhaps fomc countenance from the Chaldco 
paraphrife, which, as Bifhop Ncwcomc obferves, " follows tbo 
Hebrew in its ungrammaticat form." But we fubmit Jt to 
our Readers, whether the following examples may not tend 
in fome degree to juHify fuch a conAfuaion of the piflago 
before us. 
£xod, i. 10. 

Cum fiVHNERINT biUum- 

PfaL cxi«» 103- , , 

^irrm DL'IXIA SUNT paUtO me4 ELOqUlUH TUVH. 

Pruv, xxvJii, a, 

FuGEBUNT, et nan pfTJtquens^ IMPIUS, 
T^xampTes of a. flmiJar ensilage arc not wantrng rn other lan- 
pniigcF, We wik! |irodtice one only from the Ajax Fligclllfcr 

M lot 

9f tht Twhi Mtnsr Pnfhttt, 


to efUmilk, ii ItUI fufthfT fofiwrccd by afiiVo^y. In ihe mftiDeo 
prvductd «bovc, from Samuel, wc rcfnuked, chit ihc verb 
igrecd in gtfOftrr, M well u in tumbcr, iritb ibicliutfr fubit»> 
litr, Tiiftc»4 of the former* 

The v«l> n^nri ** ftmninf, *nd *kr«* with nijTTi', tb< lit- 
icr fnbftiatire, inftcad of ^J^, whkh is mafcoIiiK, ind iv 

BtnihcTtrb h sfsin fccninine, trtd street with tbc laltcr tu- 
trix of iN fofnicf *ubitinLvc, which ii nufCtiliiiF, 

ThcTe, ind other rxamplet cf ih« fjcnc kind, vrhicli mf^bt 
»fil)r be pnxfuccd, flicw itui tbe IJct^icw jbugodi wiib aiwirA- 
Jiet, vrbkh ti%vv a orir rcfemb^ince Eo inic ii« hive svcmfted 
tti ilhrftnic. r^-^v fttfcrd ibcrcrW a fpecrca of jn^lo^ k^l f^rW, 
which may bf fnrjj, iied pcthKp4 fuc<rfffu?ly idmJrird, 

Thf B<^op'«objc^ior>i id HoubjgaBE'sinEcrprctilon, trt *cbc 
preiC folcaiDJiv t>^ the inuod;idior?, lef. 6, ini fbr bfrginnin^ol 
Tcf. 3, »iid the tmpfo^neiy of the JfnguBge, ilic Aeiiriblc ihjn|>f 
cf aJfoHiom fliillfAKj^t wbcff u fbovid falber be faid^ the de* 
JirtbU iMigi 0^ >«1 PAiiofki j^V ^ trfui^t** — Tbefo art un-> 
^oubtedlv rery ilrcti^ c^bje^c^As «tid to ihcfc we would add 
fh« pirallcl prophrry <r<f M^tichi, ch. iil. i* ufhkh ineonlro- 
vtri>b;7 KUt<t 10 tbc Xlcj^ah, jiitJ which U Lhiii UAikfUlcd bjr 
Bifhop Nf wccmr : 

' Schold I ttill feni mv MefTmiTfr. 

A«d h€ fc»tl DnD«r« the wjy bufo^e nt; 

S; iv lomc ro tU tempTf, At.' 

AllO'-'^ , ■ ^^i--7ofappljirctnep*Gi|'eirrfp*ainfitbfT««ip!e 
Its rlui rcbttilt by iierod, ihc BiOiop i% vrryjuftlv o/ o[hiiion, th^c 
UppoSnr the Me^Tuh to be pfoph.fv?d of »e^» 79, grtJEer pivci- 
Cuci would itoch've bccnufedi forih>) would iiiTc Ecxtthcjcin C6 
exp^d 1 drrroUiton of thcTcmpf' ihrn buildint^, ind tne frec~ 
lioa o^ anoiber in ti» ficjd, A> Hc^rod'* rtb-jiUrn^ ibc Tcmpk 
»ii ft grKiL:it worl: of 46 vein, he ihinki ihjE ni] ncimin^il <itf- 
IjpOioo brtA^en ZtrutibAGcri jekJ Herod** Teai;iie w« ever 
Dkde hj the Je^ft'^i ifid <;uotci the luthnriiy of fcvcul of chc 
K«^Ma* 10 f>rppr)t and tWvditur iht4 poTiltoti. 

I'hbUd irfLiuttncof ihc Bjlhop h*i ^rc*! vrei^ht with ui 
iA obvliung the obj^diow driwA from JofeptiQt i but «t th« 

j$ WJUumron'j EUmtnts §fEuc&a, 

paffiges of that hltlorian, which relitc to che prcfent qucflloifi 
fiavc been prafelTed]^ txamincd in two djflinft publicitjoni, we 
decline faying any thtDgfurOier on the fubjed, till it comei more 
pafticuUily before us. 

The notes arc copious and pertinent, untifnteJ bf an oUcn* 
tiiious flifpl^y of erudition, and abounding with fucb ilJuHra- 
tions of «aflern manners and cuRoma, ai arc befl collected from 
VDodern travclkn. As a Commentator, the learned Prelate has 
Ihewn an intimate acquaintance with thcbeft critics, ancient and 
modern- His own obfervatjons are learned and ingenioui. It 
is moreover not the leaft merit of his criticirms, that they arc 
continually enltvenrd by tbc introdu^ion of clafficaT quotations; 
an expedient, by whicb the tedium of grammatical difquifitinn 
is happily relieved, the tafte of'the Commentator difplayed, and 
she text, in fome inflance^, more fuccefsfully explained, ibaa 
by diffufe and laborious modes of illuflration. 

A^T. XI. Thi Ehmentt of EudU, with DiJTertatloDi iBtended to 
aflill and encoura^re i critical Exsmioaiion of tbefe Elements, as 
the mofb elTcflual Means oreftabliOiing a jafterTafte npon tnathe- 
tnaiical Subjrfta than ihat which ii prejcTit pr«fails< By Janes 
Williamfon, M A. Fellow of Hertford College. 410. VoI» I, 
16s- Boards* Oxford printed. Sold by Elmncy, London* 1781. 

HEKlhi^ work Rrd maOe its appearance, we deferred 
our account of ir, in the virw of prururing (be fccond 


gfcaBcS coonpliftiviii in AuU^or cm pjv to bis mittt U^ ihit 
viltl all ilifc pcrftt cuicy, he cunicjri hu i<Jrai in liT^imgf trHI 
£ui»d «k ihe fabled h< ifcil«, wiifcodt ijifrfriiNJni; in %e* dif- 
foarfc bcEtro^ritt^us ntiiU't j^J a iupciituiiy of pttilcaUria 
whmb^ iiiDcMl c>f c<iinin4odin^ tbc ttt«nii:Wf Jivd i[»|»fnjt; it al- 
wi|3 aiiraitc^ iri4 in afii^Ot tCAii Co lAxirjT it, «im} girc the icJUJtr 

lilr. W. «ffirin« ' that «n Aulboft wbo wrrin upoo TuSjcftt 
of fcitact, Quy often Ijrd ic bj Jio irciiis ccovcutcnr eo ddrwr 
bmrelf la fuch \ minacr » to b« \\mi,jt midfi^kblv evcii to 
ibofc wtiixn be ivovlti wifl; 10 Tiivt for fc^Jcii.' Whji cjn Mr. 
Wi>li4'n(&n sejn bv <bi< d(Cliriti<-o } And whaE <Jn ib« Ptib-> 
]tc ibiok «f thii Arthur wF)o mijfici hii c^iric for nu othcf 
parpo^r i^m 10 rcndrr hiir^lelf tinimdli^iblct mil give bti reiJ- 
cti urm^flTirvuoubtc .' 

In <^r tranfliti^n cf bis Author, Mr. W. b» Ati^)^ idhcrH 
10 the original \ whic^, » a inntlittorf, \% kindoiibirdtf a ^rut 
pcrfiflion ; yet »e Cinnot ickr.owMge tbe pr^frni pprforrDincv 
IG bf l»rctcribJf to ib&fe of Cur^o, Sinpfntt, or Burow. Kor t 
leuiKf, i\k.\ wofk i> «fi«ialy a b«d ooct bcc^ufc Ebc beautiful 
C^plinif an4lconeircn^rir>rthrfutjr^M ty liOfr^-AniattrodeJto* 
Tbc otifpna) i\ in n>Any i^Ucci rrdurvJ^M « iad Of. Bijfo« hji, 
jtidicii>u4y ID hiiFtfiriLiM, IcfEOvE Ttich 4'jprtflujici 11 tend, wiih' 
oi»teftpUinm|t (he M]tQ^ loconfufechc En^Nfb tender, Tbe 
atij^iful (jieek aboutidi with a nuQioer ot Gonjundliy;u and mI> 
vcfbi, wftich, when proprily «fed, &dd f^rckl buutf ti> that 
biyvvge; bur fmre the iJio4i oif ibc Et^^tilh too^oc will not 
wimXt of ibrrr ufe, ii \^ certninly wftwg cof «ui[i them. 

AftT.XII. T^in^f^ ^uw$^> Ami tkirttr^k Cfnuma. FroQ ibe 
Frtncb vif H4 LfC Giift^. j ^no. 3 Vola. 6a. i«wcd. K<ttfley> 

THE oSjcA tif M. Lc Grand, in ihu curiout and amafing 
c^lk^UMi, It Juppofi^If by ibe erannato-, to bave been ibe 
Mivcltigauon af iKe irulA, abd an aiicnt zeal for tbc icputj6o« 
of hit country. Hf h4tri drtcdrd ih« cnria4cbiiieni} of oth<r 
»aiion<, acid'particuliily tbc luluni, on hti own, arid replactd 
ifav flolen taurrt on ibc browt of bii c;iur iryrncxi. At ih« fanne 
tiae lu b4th eonielltd ibe ciiim o' pr^aniir nii^ by obc part of 
cbc narion over the ocber, by the rutiihcra or^r the iio«thcvn pfo> 
TtfKet oi Frwwe- 

Tbc Prvonf^ Tf*vMnirt hive long obtained a crtdk for ex- 
cttlesce to wbich cbcy hid on fjir dsun^ wMIc the old Pr/a:ir 
JZaVdW^f bare been gvocfDlly treated witn Mcgtc^ or difiiain- 
1t 11 thp burcne!! of lh(? ^TjMirjtion tr> rcfcue ibriti ftotn rh^ ob- 
iniriiy intn whjch they haie unjuSly Ulkn i sod 10 p;ove fro^it 
ibfir own wo(k») that they are cot^tJcd to a bij^^t 4\ft^tiLCkuotv 

6 V^t^ 

6o ht Grand'j Tales o/tht twelfih and thirUenth Ctnfwhu 

than the caprice of fortune, or the prejudJcei orfoflsionind cuf- 
tom, have hitherto allowed them, 

M. Le Grand's obfcrvationa on the difietent fpeciM of ro* 
mance, in his introdLidtory difcouriCt ire in general very judi- 
cious. His diftindions are accurate afid clear; and his reflec- 
tions arc the fruit of much hiftorical knowledge, ud tio imM 
ihare of phllofopbical fpecuUtion ; though hii partiality to hii 
own country hath in one place betrayed him into an oftentatioua 
boaft, that may indeed be excufed, but will undoubtedly be 
laughed zU 

* A very interefling remark here prefenCs itfclF, which I believe 
has ncTer been yet fuggeEled by any wriier ; it ia, that thofe pro- 
vince! of France, which in the twelfth and thirteenth centarte* pro- 
duced the authors of romance and fab Te, are precifely the fime, that^ 
in the fevcnicenth and eighteenth, have giren to the world Molieie, 
Boilcaur Racine, Rameaa, Crebillont La Fontaine, BoJTuec, Vol> 
taire, KouOcau, Comeilie, BuJTbn, Conde, Turennc, Le Brun, Le 
Fouflin, D» Cartel, Viuban, &c. Scz* Sec. ; that is, the genius, the 
eloquence, the invention, the imaginadon, the fublimiiy of lalentj 
in Oiori, all the celebrated pofis and the illuftrious heroes, who have 
adorned their country, or extended the limits of their feveral ms^ 
fcitncei, or profefllons. Shall we not then conclude that nature, 
in the unequal dif^ribuiion of her gifts between the feveral diJtnfta 
of thi. kingilom, has been picafed to aEIoi the mental endowment* 
nrdir irrpi-L'ijUy ro ihc provinces fTtuaTcd to the nnrtliwaiJ of the 

AcUnJV Pknftr tht B^nfjii t/tpt Put. 


pvtffida. O^iBiofti. p^rjLitijcci, ni^rltiuont, luit imt, xatn of con* 
vrtCiuofl, rarxle of oiuntlip, ill uc lo be round in them, and la 
ihca «lonf . 

' TIk sitnaerr, wHJtfc ih« l^ortfi cxhiKi» urc no<, I mad confefu 
iltrifi f» chi'tt a»d dccv«t ai J could <«ilh lirm ^ and ihii circv m- 
fts*ce I Kive feivral timci had o«ilSon to rr^m in ihe coqrfr aT m 
vorfc. Th« rxpftHioita »e oHrn flJJl tt'orlr, ihrir inin?* bdne fr*- 
4»rftilT <tf tUf etoVi diTi^ulting ccjrteaeft. Wheibcr jt pnKcc^ed 
Tram in< £ifnp^d;y tjf iht uant, or ihii &.<y t^oa^^tt u it«bjcn«j 
m ikt fi»m»Mt ^ ill Rt./i4 ihn thctf wu ao cvii la luinipg Mh>c 
God Iu4 siadc ; o; urtkccbfr II be aiiiibBlcd to the impftA^ion ■od 
inrtnfv oflUf Ut^itagi'f ilip rpirii of libvrtinirm noi huving tAttt m- 
TntM i^n^ ibgeatoai turai of pbriiit fti.d circatolocatioe^, t^ 
«Ucii. in hi!f ccncfaUnj- it, et« rcndcri ibc £d mere ft^tKiag, 
thcCf fAbiiltfii fiadno kiiid^vf fciVrrri bai, ti xh< vtilgtr {*jiit.g; it, 
nllnl % rpidci fpade : ind :i ii noi in i^jMcUiion of ihe «Qthor 
o«ly Uu ihc «4r it {hock«J wi;!i th(^(e eiprcfliont ; o«c l« fufpriM 
lo6ad thrm pm into the movcht orrirt^ou midi, wo*eft of clba* 
tvAcTi and fM^rri toEtru^tinf ihcir cbiMi^n. 

' Aftct «Jt. \f ttc hic ftviLir^ 10 obfcd to Uicfc «othofi bvi the 
i»deaiu>' uf « ftw H-otJj. ihty m^hc ca£Fy bf pudon^. B«t hpfidf* 
tbc ffTqorii! cCrtriVnrfa o! iht tyU, foce< 'torir* jirr la their jtibtlaef« 
n^thtcdhlt i fo; libm^nifT) ^nd xdi^litff mer<r can bv rfcaociled 
Ki^uad moiaEi. VcL. fa«>«Gi'«r lUJcioobjc^ioa tbc dlU't^ti, the 
sjnfieti, t»r lucr^i ofitcfc i«Lf* ni^y be, it U oa^ bgCacfiiorrprr* 
fffli tTic-nt Tm^ Ah (hey ir«, incc ihc> .ire dcf^nptlve ofihf iin?i, 
Nr»enaeT*6, ihc wffiA ihat U due id ihe rtidcr ihxU rw bt fof- 
|Mm. Tbougb 111] «ah<ljL^En;:}l !iia,U b« rgr^vd, nni iho^clt tO 

CIcrrt the ch*rirtcf, ibe huieioc/, A«id iatfltutf of r^i tjie 

|Dk£tf oi;' lomc^ion appear t^lJ, qu^irti. C< (ii ^ si> 

TtlgiUil^, I fcift be CArrful iiu< loidsil any iamt^ ~ iti 

{■Fclin^d. TlJr/e »re i*»tffil itcrifi wlitft, tn t'.\ \:a 

■ I of whub i r ■ r ;|^ 

! (lie IM I' . ..;,. 

J 4£!ii}f i tiLj r I, iniif A £00- 

-■: (C4hrei»»y of 
■ rij iri!d imi^bi* 
liwu Tb'ir iwjk^o ci«riotry ; ^aJ ai ihej- src gmcfilJf Qtort, 

rWi iMijjr bf ibr fi!cditi| iltuGan in:o ihc Jaad of mchtnUHw. 

A«r.X|Jl. J PU9 /fr rrmMtriy: tirt Ff*r i^^tfta/rM tm /^^t Ctt* 
uiitttifM ■ t c« tbt U*»i« of [he fficnJiT Somtiri, con, 

i,n, B7 t^^* Rp<. JjJid ,-\ttioii, JtT^r of 
LTi^G of M^ Mijrfly't JvjLcvi of the I'ocf for ebo 
"" ■ !i iiiitrf, 4 l^ner fcrotn Dr. >*n;e. 

diE luoiimU, >t£ ; 

frsad-cU: , It] 

Coavtjr cf Deion. To mhtch 

fv0w II, RivLJijion, Xcc 

rr^HE inCfT*if o* ibp poorraiei haih been a bnj ^nd gtow- 


£2 Acland'j Ptanfnr tht Sintfit ^fihi P§^i 

that If foiTic rrmrdies be not applied lo rctieue it, the landed irl« 
terefl (opprejTcd as It h by fuf h an accumulation of Uxes) muA, 
in lime, {Ink under its weighl. 

Various mcana have been dcvrfcd to check the progfcft of 
ihU increaGng evil. Some hjve been plaufible in theory \ but 
tbeir applicaiLon haih been deemed mjufious and tyrannical ^ and 
long-eHablifbed grievances have been fubmiticd to, from a fear 
that the means defigncd to remove Ihem would, introduce fiiJI 
greater inconveniences. 

The Author of tbjs pamphlet appears to be tnfiaenced by ibe 
worthicfl motives, in the Plan which he ofF;ri to the Public ; and 
the leill that wc can Uy of it is, that it merits the mod fef iou9 
attention of all defcripiLons of people ^ and whether pradlicable 
or not, Mr. Acland will be entitled to the thanks of hia coun- 
try, for his very [audible attempt to blend in one fcheme the in<- 
ttieils both of the rich and of the poor ; and to make ulefolnera 
co-operate with charity. 

In his addrefa to the poor [in a feparate paper), he hlth 
given a genera] view of his plan ; and ai that comprehends tbe 
leading objeifls of the fcheme^ we will prcfent an extract of it 
to OUT readers in the Author's own words : 

' In the (irH place^ it is built upon the bafis of the friendly fix- 
eieties, comtnonly called cluba, and without interfering id the leaft 
with thofe already elUblifhed- It forms all the mejnbers of Ibciety 


fcbXnipti<w of y\if\r pjtmif i Uft inflinc*, w^ft two rubr<ribert of 
id. tuk to t«v( iic orphan <bi|dr«nt :hef« ehjldfcn fiMid rccrire a 
dcu ll. 4»- )U< « monih ; of vhich fum, whatever rCRmixd vrtr 
md Abctc titdf nfcefftf^ admirr, it :u be UiJ sp for ihcir oi>. — 
TWrubfcnt>-rt liktwKr of i[d- ind afi, iff, if>«r ihrr arrit'A it 
the »ft ol^ Civiy-tir«, to fem<«> th« me 31- t>d. itie whW ^i, ptr 
tiiOQih ^ mfuiUf*n\yt or 107 ttm« b*ib*f, thii ihey ihill not be 
iUc to UtD. tbc oiiin 6J< or the MOniAn ^d- 1 di/, tire ^nc {t. tid, 
Ebr Other 6*> 6J. pci monitx ; and aficf (<yKD\y-^tc, or 4fiy lime be- 
kut^ tk»i ibejr fhilf be rendered incapable of ill Jaboar, ihe one in. 
Ai 4>ib*r 1^. per month, 

■ Attdoa Accoutttboth orthv^KJiternvmbercf jcrsEqiiODi fobJcrib- 
ervt tad the higher ute b»ih of lioafc-rcntftnd ail (he occclTuiei of 
life, it i> propufcJ. Lhti tlif LtjEi4bitutiit of (be ciiK of Luvdon. *nd 
the C)KCo*-jireit p]jcr« m the dM^nce nf fncr or five mjfei, fhall 
k»ie ae eitcreafrd nltovanreof 41. per pnoaUL in the 6nt inft«ace» of 
;f, in ibe fe^rd, of if» in the E^itJ, cJ^ li- 6d. in (be fourcii« of ai* 
ifi the ^ftb. and of st. 6J. in the uvtb. An<i far ihe f^fnc rcjJbnr 
)C U propcfeJ that b fccio otficr of the EttiC tiadiiL^ cowoi arid 
d6e«, ihrrr fHnulJ br an rJvafltv ; in ibr firll inAin^r ^f zt. 6d. in 
Af Croond ef M- 4d. IE iLe tkud af i>, in the ic«rtb and fifth of 
11,44. «fld in tbe fixtb ofii' prr mwHh. Sacb i> the plan that U 
■ow oflcrei 10 TvoFcornidfrjEkfin, ftnd it it Ikoped that no lii^cnl 
mnd itil] be in anj doubt wbcibrr to p'cfcr fuoi a cciLtm cooifari- 
•bAe Acd ied^peadent fupDort to ihe uncenaii. trreichcd, and de- 
M»den4 p^ctirvfe iuppUod iheiD» by roforev4 and prcciri04« r«Jitf 
&oa» their refpt^ve piTilhes/ 

Mr. Aclirvd Tubatitccd ht> p^«a, before be publiQied lE, 10 
tbe inrped^on of Dr, Pnce, who appcoved of iu general prfiKi* 
^V« ind midc fucbobfcfva;^on»ca the fubj^t ti tended tococ- 
irm the ttri^er'i grnnti 001100^ though ui fam= inferior pomu 
vf catcuiaika the D^or proved thit Xfr. Acluid mn mf- 
ukta, Ai theapp^^i^ion of f^ch a dil1rnf>uil^ed writer navft 
|iTC weight ra any pJin Ihii miy be ofl« <d ro the Public, on 
uibjc^ vl ini) oAiuic-^ wc t^finvC b<:(tr j:rorjotc ibc objc^ of 
Utic pi^blifAtion, nor p>y ihe in^<n'«^t a:iJ 4'-itthp Aulbor « 
more MCeplabIc C0(»p!.it)r-r«u ch^n bv pufr^irng cgf tcider* 
iricfa the fbllottiifg eatraiUi frti-^ Dr. Pflcc'i Iritrr. 

' J biM'v con&JercJ «'i:b Eibch «tMeitto« roar pUa for tnifciDg a 
(CfttraV (KOvUio* fej (b« Ecor. It ii impofltble lUt tike pfifici;>U on 
nhhh ttalbutidcJ l)ic«1d a-:it be uoiictfiDy 4p;^>i-rJ, aOC^ia^ be- 
ing being me^ pT^nlye<jt^Ttib-« anJ rrilaiJibTc it»n t^t " the poof. 
•■ •liileTOtfng, irid 11 heahh iriJ wij'wr, flircld l*e obliged, bf 
** fatU lavian, 10 tovardt ihrii- o^wa f'lpp^rt, when dif. 
" iMfd ^r ficUncGi acciJeai. oraj^/' The mnny cUbieftabKib- 
ed foribii piLrpj'f in cliefcKat parii of ibc fiiofioo, )io*««*orili- 
ibnned tfi«ir plant ^ean^li/ «i<, prorc i*\'a tu tK tr>c iciil'c ef the 
poor iheafflvn ; >nJ [hnrf^re atTord a pjr.i;ubr tmc^Qri^meai 
10 the JeplUttirt (0 iMrk jf^iliib'] thing (^mc jiIiti of thii ktnd, aotl 
di» loeafe l^* Fau.ic of a bLtrden niicta 1% g;o»n aim aft lutolar^. 

Uc' 'In Ihoiti il j'eccu 16 »f ihai jroar plnt^» & \m- 



Pc(cr of Pomfxet'/ Lucuhr&im, 

dcncy to do thegrcattH good, by alibrdtDfr i° ^^^ befi jaiincr, tlltf 
moil agreeable and uftftii reJief to the poor ; by tncouragug Jfng&* 
liiy, bdullry, and virtue among them, and by promoui^ the p(^ 
pulAtion of the kiiigdoni) and removing maay of the cviIa which at- 
tend our prefeni poor iaws. i wliZ add what appears to mc a further 
reco-Timendacion of it, that tt will fubiliiute in the room of the pre* 
feat dangerous plaos of the friendly focieties fcattered thronghoiic the 
Ji^ngdom, oN'£ OEflEfCAt. PLAN of the fame kind, weJl-formtd. fub- 
ILantialt and permanent.' 

Every other leftimortlal would fc«m needlefs tftcrthJs; ud 
we have only to add, that if Mr. Acland^s pUn Oiould oiecC 
the approbation of the legiilature, and a trial fhould be made of 
its pradical efficacy and utility^ we Itncercly wifli that it> fuc- 
cef) may anfwer his expeftaiioiif and reward his zeal. 

Art. XIV- Lafuhratiem ; confiHing of Efiaya, Reverlej, &c, in 
Profe and Vcrfc. Ey the late Pewr of Pomfret. ismo. 31, 

fewcd. DodJley. 17S6. 

WE have been fo frequently entertained by thia tngenloui 
Author, that it would give ua great pain if, after a]l^ 
we were obliged to facrifice him at the altar of criticif[n. We 
Hlwayi make ihofe immolations with reludancei even when 
there ifl no ciaioi on our grattude for paft obligations : butwbeo 
an old friendf to whom we have been indebted for many hovri 
of rilioniil amufi^fiiCnt, becomes inf p'ld or tedious, and yet will 

AJU*^ &CMW ^f lU ptHtkai SiOU rf Gnst Bfittls. 


ftSxJ QStcitiinmcnt to ihbic who icid for no o:hrf purpoft: 
tmi $ovKibiag coo Uam vrhfch mimli ol a more tlcvu;?^ ind 
c*UjliUocd Cftft maf noc difJaio Co ukc bmti of ififlfudtion. 

wi« Jinei o<i fuicide opjclii the concunon %rg*imtntt ig^Hfk 
Mf'inurd«T, in a C90C:rc m^iincr ( ih^ugb vrc can f«y lii'C in 
pr^r^of ih^ponrj ; fw it U 4Hxknc bochJn eaieiad IpitJc. 

KrotT) the eflif * fi; iur rfitftf4t in p^tAht ^.^m^,' our Autbor 
iplpcari CO h«rc niri vk^ah Tome fcv^rc vTrtuii from > l>tu£^iy dk- 
mc, tthJcti lio hill:) iilcM th« ofportuajiy of chaftiU^ig witb 
JDOic ibin tocnmon afiK.'ity, 

Wc csonoi coodudc without twfln^^ that tbough Penr*i 
lipcT doth no4 bufn viih iu fgrmcr vigour, jrct Its lightti ckv 
Ukd pure; ickd ure<Jov^C ncc but wficfi jtt !>li fijTie CrfntHlri 
oa cbc ^ikV«Vi i( mW ftiti (how ibc food quaiiiie* of in compo- 
liTion, «Ad leave i gfiieftil odour tchind. 

All". JCV. Jt/*9rt Jtfi^fit^ #' /** /t.'.rual ilaU tf GftM 3'Uait \\ 
die Coin i»racrjn<*iiE ol tkr V«ir One i^OAfiiad ^^fvco huaJrcUftnd 

* j» N incHli^mt CiinJ/ fap ihivvcry in^oiou^i wiitw, ^ir* 
/\ Cdfloireti to f^ulate upca hooun c*en<t« to rcji«vd 
tlinr ca-jfct, ihcif pifL:t^icl1ann, anil iheij cfttdi, uid to furm lEt 
^MfflE opinion U^m an tApiDJcd ftirvc/ o:' the whole} fuch s 
DBiAd will oica'ill^ Itcj) 4t pifticuUf 7rii i» che hJUoJjr of ri' 
ho<it, and ft(T*mb!e tlwir fVatttrrJ uti inio one coi^ccaierrd 
polftt of wicw. llKpoJiiical lituaiion ot rbi* covntfj-'^ tbe pre* 
frM j^rJ^orr, itia^, prrhipt, be rei»t*Ird ai forming on« of 
thof? epochal \ iiKi may mrtii cofifi3<ratic<t, » deNcbrd from 
ibf (fDrml m^(y i4 iirr>c anj iruiccr, whkb confflluic nqJ con- 
pttf« W-bit we denominite k;ftof)^, -M} ntjcA, in wfitin^ the 
Joltoviit^ llictu, ji (Jtincipi'ly Co prc^nc a jitfluic cf the a^tiil 
ittd eK>d-04; monvni, iLi!bt>tK ciihtr toting arif ftmpTc rcci^*' 
fpccl tM p*]t <r«afi^ioci>, or oiiciidlKi^ itit co^jcdutei Ur irto 
jQ ttiufceiuined and l^igrnary fuCUfi^y. ft i) ccroiiily Curiouf, 
aD4 h m^v be ti^fful, coconl>dcr the rcUitve «rJ rtfptQtfc po- 
f li/^ov q/ ihe Ling anJ ihr prop'r, of the gcvemom ind ihc? go- 
vfrned, ot the miDifl;v ak^J OE (he opF^(iti<ii>i ai Ihc <iper>fng of 
9 new frjr, before [be incurnbciit prrlTurc uf (uccfeJinn eveoia 
Ilu dM'crtt J uai- itceoiion 10 ocher iceMi and ott}c^i. I Qu'il 
cot;lii^ t»f fiinci 10 a Jen' ul cbc ; reit cumponrni rc«furtt/'«« 
H«) ufordiitjc^yi br2J4«ii%ch iH> Scvrf?rt4;N', uibo fbn^i 
fo^flioit on ih« C4MT4I : h moll icfpr^tMe i\t.\^%K^ u a ^oo^f tnd 
sntabic ffrj.v. Tlie r^jli^i auv iina^inp tbe bt^'^ grourd of ih« 
pt^tffC 10 be grouped b< t^dwjxd-, aoi n^()^» a^d i^e Itic 
Ktag of I'ftffliJ, «»MoKAMrrt*. 'J'Jie piece ia well ri:*irhe<^, 
with a boJd bhtc ii^c Ji>enci^»<i^ peoci!, To drop* (*>* 4 momenr, 

ilrv. Ja0. 1787' 



66 Afl>^i Review of thi polkUai Statt cf Great Briiavr. 

gT» of candour, as well as of (pWlu He difcUiDri all party au 
uchment. ' Above the vilencfs/ fays he, * of wrliiag for iny 
faction, or adopting from intere^, iny opinions : having tJtcId 
to hope, and Icfs ro apprehend, from any mmifter, I h«ve writ- 
ten as I felt on, every fubjcfl. 1 am neither to be found on (he 
terrace at Windfar, nor at the fuppers' [few aushrj arc, we fup* 
pofcj * at CarlEon-houfe. 1 have nclcher boved to the meri- 
dian, nor to the rlHng fun. I have neither flattered the Mini* 
ftcr, where I cor.ccivc ihat he is an objeft of cenfure; nor jufli"- 
iied the OpporiLion in ihoft: afts wheje 1 beUeve ihem to have 
merited condem nation ~' 

The Heir, apparent next a:ira^^s pur notice ; and in thfi 
madffly piece we i'cCy with inexprcJHble concern, the rifing fun 

almoft totally eclipfcd by But we refer to the piflure, and 

turn our eyes to the drawing which is here given ofthe Minifter. 
Mr. Piti'5 portrait is a favourable likcnefsuf (if. we midakc not} a 
fivoutiic with the artift. We do oor, however, think that he 
hdS done more than juflicc to the original. 

The Compa/iioH co the UA meniioned piflurc (though the otU 
ginahare not companions], gives Mr. ITox, painted, indeed, lo 
the life: for, although our political Vandyke modeflfy profeflei 
lo have given us on\y fieuhes, this is, unqucniona^ly, a maC- 
terly ponraiti Free, animated, j:]o*:ng, — the figure fecma 
ready to fiirl fron the canwafs; it^ luftie is.howcvcf, duly ttmi 

' MoKtHLY CATALCGu^t Ireland, 67 

Lord Rodney's ample Jbare oF public mrnt Is llkewife ihe 
fubjpct of much encomium, atienJed by a Tcvcre charge of iH' 
gr^titndt \121c bntughc igainft his counrry, grounded on the 
pFCutiar cirCumR^nce*, j»nd prffent fituition of this firll-ritc 
Itfval officer, — * the Uv'tour of the empire, who'e age is embit- 
lered by fuits and attacbmenc?, ai>d a\\ the namelefd engines of 
judicial torture !' 

Mr. Haftings, too, fin^fs hert a warm and aH? idvoeair, who 
pleadi'thc caufti of the Orienul hero, and flri>rtglv recom<i;endi 
bitxi to ' the protection and gratitudi of his coun'ry.' 
. The refreat, ' cirher a^ual or Emminent,'or Lord MansfiitJ^ 
* fro:ii a fituatjon which he has held with To much digniry CQ 
himiVlf, and To much bene fit to the Public, for a period of thirty 
yearf,' furnifhria our Author with an opportunity of paying a 
jtift tribute of applaufe to the rare merits of amau, whofelofs to ' 
his country, whenever it happens, will not be e^fily icpiired. 

Thii Review concludes with an intimation, that, fhould the 
prcfent pt^rformancc meet the public approbatEon, the writer 
may, prob^biy, be induced, * at fome momeni of leifurr, to re- 
fume hif pen, and to attempt to complete that pi^ure, of which 
be ha4 only traced [he outline.' 


Affairs of Irelamd, 

Art. ifi. An Addnfi to the NMlty ami Gentry 0/ tie Chitrch of 
IrelaaJt ai bj Livn' eflahhfit.i- Sxpiaiiiing rhc Caufes rtf the 
Commotions and Infairi^Aioiis in the Sr^uthern Farts of Ehi» King- 
dom, fefpeflinir Ti(it«9i and the real Mouve& and Dciigns of [he 
Proj-.'£lor» and .Abettors of thofi^ Com in 11 1 ions ind Infuri-cCUons, 
&c. ^y a Laym a. Dublin prinLcd 4 Loodon^ repiiaied for 
Kearfley^ Svo. ^i. 1736. 

TH£ continual difpr-QtioA of the IriHi perifantr)' to tumuJtuODi 
dillurbiincef, (he piiormity of their otitrageSt a d the perlbui * 
■gaioft whom their bruEal refeatment is direftcdi all trnd to Jhew 
that the poor igncranc a^rnts are fpurreJon, by connzealcd and crafty 
direflor*,^ to fome dark purpofe. The Aurhor of thii AJdrefs argues 
thrijughotjt, to piovF, ' ih>it Popery ia the root frcm whence the pre- 
fenr inl'urreAio:i£ fpring. The infjrgentJ arc all Papilb, their ma- 
Difenoe» proclaim ihcm to be fo* their prieHi openly read them at 
their aliari ; their mafV-houfcs are their places of rendexvoui, where 
they bind tJiemrdvei by folemn oaths to execute their deHgn^ ; and 
the extirpation of the ProtcllantetUblifbed clergy, and confcqnenily 
of ihdr rcliguHi, 11 the object of their canfederacy. Some pariicu- 
lar events and circumftances have, at this time, c^ufed t!ie fire of 
ihefe difcoDlcnti, hiiherto fmothered, to break out into a \)Uie ; v^« 
irfl aad principal of ihefe vc, fhe hafy end imfrvAdtnt rt^zoX 0/ lb# 


Monthly CATAuycvt^ hthmd* 

rrtBji important parti of that C9tit of Imvi, calUd Poptry Uiijs't Bnd par* 
ticubrly of that pare ofth^m, ivhich fotbklA the &cqoi£tiDD of frce- 
iiold property by PapilU. 

* Another circuiniliricc which h» much coniributed Co che prefcDt 
(iilturbancci is, tht 'vafl Mumhfr ef Fapijis la tbii kimgJamt ivio have 
/ateijf armtd ajid ngimattd thim/thfti, KiiJtr tht i^tnemi*aittn of f»- 
ianutrt; ihey have not only intermixed them felvei with Froteilaats, 
io Several bodies of Volanteei^, but have formed dillinfl bodio 
themfelvei. And even ia the city of Dublin^ the Popilh Volun- 
tecri, under the infulting deDominacJon of the IRISH BRIGADE* 
greaily outnumbered ali the other Volanteen^ 

' Another tcafon that thefe infarreftions have broke olit in this 
hJl fummer-, is, that a bill was (to fay no worfe of it] very hafltty 
and iirt providently introduced into parliament in the conrfe of Ult 
iVAion, purporting to ijc a bill for ibc proieftzoa of the perfons and 
properties of the ^\cT%y of the eilablJAtcd church. ~The bill ^^t ill 
dfgcfled, had many exceptionable claufea in it, and if it bad pajled 
into a law, would have been the occaGon of mifchief uid inconve- 
nience, irllcad of advintage, to the der^; it luckily mifcarricd 
^n the Houfc of Commons, and never was introduced into the Hoofe 
ofl.ords: during the debfttci on this bill In parliament, Tome j]N 
weighed rcflcftions, and which, on examinAcioR, tt^oold have been 
found to have arifcn from niidake and tn if- in formation, were thrown 
cut on the elergy, and their pro£tor«, rcfpeiling the colleflion rf 
tithesp — Thefc debatra, and the mlfcarriaee of a bill, with fuch 
£itZe» fprcad like wildlire through the kingdom ; A>me men of ^rcit 

MoHT]fi.t Catalocuit, lrt!a^d. 

fUiy, >nd conpoie tioiv Tar ibtlr paver msx be dingtrcu:, fhodd 

opportunity irnpc ihrm 10 li« Iroiibtrrcimp^ 

An» 17- Hf^^if^ TrAiiu Bj' SirJ^hn D)vt'*, A«wn*f G^* 
u]» and Speaker of the lloufc of Con^n^om in IfcljvJ; cciAfKlir^ 
tf# I. A DiftoTtfyofihcirucCaaffwhylrtUrd i^a? itfvrrbnw^b; 
vadrr OhrfHrnCT tft thr Cmwn nf Fnghi^, H- A Lrfrer ta the 
£vl of ^iliJbkirr, on ih« Suct of Ireluid, in 1607. HI. A LfI- 
t*r td th< Etfl of ttjIi^Eiiy, in i£k j ^ivinj^ «n Account of dtc 
PUnutioa of UiA«r. IV, A Spt^cS :o if»: Lord [>c^iny in i6n. 
tradi^ the indent ConniEuiioo offrftanct. To which ii pre£j^d. 
A new tJfi- of Th^ AuEhor, from luibrzidc Docoacnti. Svo. 61, 
boond. Sfoekda]«> t^U^- 
%xt jo^n Divits i»s an able Uwytr, aod nr^t unkftdwn m n Twr 

of ;hc nufcs. two Avoc^iioai tWhat^ llitlc tlHnity wUhc4ch other; 

moin fo i»ve piid vwj' Im?* rfffrrrnrr ro iSr |nu% ir rbf fflfl^ pirt 
of tea lift, UBCil hif g<«? ItnTc carr<^J ^if CCCrr};rt::IJri- (n fhrfr 
0*^1 be txbibitk himrclfin the chara^rf of aJJi^ntmcriibfr of (he 
#dBi»iilniio« io JreUnd; 7je«ioiii for ihe fcttlencrit ai^d pfO^mriy 
«f tbit ninco, And ItnULtJUi ofthic bell iscirii of c^Wiang (hrfc ti- 
lQ9b|r pMpofn. 

T]» &rlt ir>A, which i« alfo ihf fir^T in tti imffirraftfr, bai be«n 
fr^iil t]«k« printvJ ; the other (Are* hiv< brer colleeled from th* 
Utcrary trctfarci in tbc BritiA Moreum* The feconU nad ihifd coc- 
uia mu^h lociJ UfoTaiJiioD, gained ivf Su jDLin*» que oJaoce ixi the 
jadkial progtrJln «}f the [,ordD«fiu(y in UHrr ; and ihvy dtf^tty .t 
i^riWngviewcf tt**- bifbiHOn srd liw/feri wifet) ofihe iahabiianiiaT 
rhat ui%t, Tbc farticn^ry vi«w of the Irifb corflitutroA £T^^<*t m the 
Ufl ajiick, hif fpecch on lacing cboftn and apt>rove4 at fpeikef of 
ihc Ifr^tifc cf CManioo] iliere, it. jccofJing 10 the fifl^ioo of bt'i 
:ige. wade fabfemrnt to the moli ?hTrari]<anK paac^yric* on King 
Jatoff, iftd oo the Lord Prpvi)' C'hkbelm, 10 whotn if wii ad* 

Art. 18, 4 foWfi Rtview tf thr m^Ji Mffrlati Oaurrfncfi that 
tf^^aet lit irfUmd Jmrtng xht l^fi ilw VrnrJ ; ib which 11 COff)> 
Bnftdi I. The PfOttodingi of the Nicionat Lonvrntlon alTf mbJed 
m Dvblia, Noventbcr ly^}, and ib< fucc«edLii* Tear. Jl. KlCb 
sa4 Pro^rcf) of the Bill for f£:£UaTinj; a cornm^Kial Intereoorft 
btwceo tbc lno Natiooa Or pcfcsaneni and equitable ?nr»dplei. 
III. Hii f^raee of Ponland's Rrafoni Ibr oppo^ng ihr twrncjr Pro* 
fvidOiii (tM from ibe Comoioni 10 the l.ardi of F-ngland fat 
their CoondemioB^ IV. Proeecdinei of ttie Ijifh LcoiiTttuee on 
ibe twenty Proportions tranfinj tied Oom Er^fE^and. V- Opinion 
of Mr< Fox'i flainiltciijL C^i-iraUer. Vf- The prabaMc Conff* 

Joeflort of any Propofirknn In the Hrliini Parhamcnt lendJit; to an 
^oaoamrh the litter Nation. VII, The prefentStau of the Prefa 

Tl^ £1 a fenfibJc nui&eivc of cienei ^ b«t i: will not be aj^tcabU 
10 all l&lei. The wiitcr ctoc!) aot exhibit t^ \ii(^ cojircaiion in ihe 
noli ref^r^aMe pobt rf view ; and \n hit hwWy uf ihe cotntncf* 
tiaJ froiftfiuc*!, ^p ftieii" the w^akneft of the objedi&n« ftxt^cA 
l!^l tm by tbe uuoiittixi Qf^okiiQ^ Jirrci lai ty ihe p^tWa^ 

y 3 itttw^ 


Monthly Catalooui, £'d/7 /jiiffx* 

mcnt in TrdaiiJ. They were indeed very delicate fubjefls of coDfi- 
i^tfr.iiion t J'^r* :t(i Lht? wficcr truly obrcrvcj, every argument ufed in 
Icjpport of diem on one f;Je of (hc wuCer, ivere to many reafons 
^ig^inlt lliim on the ailier fide \ He complains much c^T theabufc of 
the prefs in Irciiind, by horrible exsggerat'ons of rioiou* 
proceed mg&T which gl^c mher naiiona a filte iAci of lIic iciernij Jlaie 
of LilC country- \jdi OiU ii miother fuhji:)^ of delicai:y ^ nor (!o vc 
dr.irly conceive die nainrc of the remedy hc propnf« fl;^ainft an ffW 
t^a: ihc L/:jKau in th-/ preceding Addrtfs altribu:ei to ihe j:.rinters in 
J>ubLin being chiciiy i'^pi^U; a circumllan^c for which we have no 
Jif,t[rr authority than hij afiijriion. This Anihor ^'^y^^ wry con- 
JLdr: ify, that * \\\z ciliblilhment of an inde|jenJent prefs in Dublin, 
ui^h a corrcfp^^ndinp one in London^ would in a very ftiort ;iine be 
prrnJuflive ot ihe iieli cohfeH^jHeiicea toIreliincJ, \Vhei» i mcpcion aa 
JEidenendenl prcf^, 1 meau one not in the leall cojineft-d with mini- 
iicrs, or any dcfcripiion, of ppGp!e in oppofiiion.' The objrftof thii 
inl^icutton 15 declared to be to report, idichfuHy and circumitmiially, 
ihe vMtiou$ occurrc;ices cf ihe ^imes. But what is to be underltood 
by <Ln elUbtillimfnc nrjt icrmed eUher by rhe government, or by the 
advcrf;irics to iJie gmtrnirg poivera f If a preli ia to be lupportcd by 
;ir.y r:ii)^ion ^^lla:evcr, it uoDld become odious \ \i it is 10 depend on 
piujit for fi]ppori, it would lUnJ on no better {ground than the pre* 
fciit prefl'ca ; b:'t mull be repulated by the common principles of the 
iradi', and muU iludv the talle of the tnajority of readers : nor will 
any prefs attract au^niion by a tame cnution of never printing any 
ihir.f; cf ihc truth of which the printers arc not aflorcd. A printer 

Monthly CATAJtootrB, PtUtmi^ &c, ^i 

fpond with die A^thor'i impr^ffioD ; but how hr Kxardtj'B copy 
mil. 10 this reJpefl, cannot be dcKrmiaed wttfaout a careful colJa- 
iIOQ ; a ufk nbich.wc cannot uudertatf. The Editor of (hit edi^ 
tian has, indeed, added fome explanatory Dotei, which he confelTei 
fatve »flf been communicated to Mr, Haftings ; of couric Mr. Haft- 
iDg^^s coofent could aot extend Co them. There U alfo added, in 
»n Appendix^ " A Narrative of the Flight of Prince Ichander Shah» 
eldell Son of the Mogul Shah Allum, from hia Father'i Court ac 
X>cbl)>/' Thi3 ia faiiT to have been written by the prince, in the 
Perfian language, at the requeft of Mr. Haflinga ; and to have beea 
iranflated by Captain Jonathan Scott, who lately publifhcd the Me- 
tatart of Eradut iChan : of the anthentjcity of thi^ journal we en* 
tertaJn no doubt ; but it is Co ohfcured by the peculiarity of Oriental 
KrmSi and To little cKpTained by note% that it is more valuable as ft 
cDriotity, than as a paper of inrormatton. 

A head of Mr. Haftmgs is ^iven is a frontifplece to thia votame ; 
fald to be engraved from a painting by Zoflanyi 
Arr. 20. LitttTs if Alhanicut u the PtopU of England, on the 
Partiality and Ipjullke of the Charges brought agaiuA Wairen 
HaHinss, Efq. Sro. 25. Debrett. 17S6. 
Albauicn* ii a very fair and candid advocate, on general princi* 
pXttt in behalf of Mr. Halvings; but moft people have, by thia 
timet made up their zninda about the voluminous charni framed 
ngainll him ; and it would be ill-natured not to allow Albanicus his' 
(hare of merit, as an advocate, in a caufe which, no doubt, he chinks 
a good one, 

Po L iTi c Ai^ and Commercial^ 
Art- 2T* A IVooiUn Drapfr's Letter to his Fritnds ami FtUow 
Tradefiiutt, all over England. Svo. ii. French, in Fenchurch- 
Streer. T7B6. 

■This fnppofed Woollen Draper *, who feems to be well ac-< 
qoainted with the fubjeft he treats, endeavours 10 (hew his fellow 
mdermen the very great injuries to which the woollen trade is ex- 
pofed, by the commerclat treaty, lately ^gned at Paris. He con-> 
liderA the woollen trade a< the molt material fupport of our king-' 
dom ; and, with rcloflance, acknowlcdgrj. that the manufa^urer 
cannot, under our prefent heavy taxes, aiTord cloih ac fo cheap a 
rate u our neighbours the French : he makes it appear that they 
can undcrfell us, even in oar own markets; and, coufequcotlyt 
that they will engrofs (he whole trade. If permiiced to bring their 
gooda to England, As the treaty hath not yrt palled into alaw, he 
requefts his brethren in the woollen trade to exert ihcmfelvcj, by 
pcclrioning pvrlifmeni, againll a meafure which, if carried into 
execution, will prove the inevitable ruin of many thoufand families, 

Thia honef^ Draper's language and fcntiments .arc plain, but 
forcible f ; aod he ihrws his (kill in political sis acH as commercial 
matters. In his owr. ftyie, the fampJe, which he hath here offered 
to' the Public, ia well wrought, and of a good fabric. 

* Perhapi no more a Dt-afer than Hwth, who affumed that ch^ 
^ The mort fiwcible^ indeed, from iheir pliiiiTic&, 


Art, £1, Tht Littrrs ofa/t EngUfir^an j in vbrch the FrincIpTei 
*n4 ConduA of the Rockiagbsin Ptrty, when in Adminiftniioiia 
and Oppontioi], are fivcty vid impanUU/ difplaycd. Sto. 

91. 6d. Stockdale, 17S6, 

There are a ccorfe of Letters that a|ipeared lately m che Public 
Adterrifer; they arc writtea with ability and tniellTgetice, and 
i^niAin a fevere fcrutiny the political evolutioDi of the raoft 
dijHnguilhed chtnipioiii of the RDckingham party. 
Art. 23. J Rspt's End fir HempiH Monop$Ufis : or, 1 Dialogue 

beFtt'ecn a Broker and a Rope-maker, &c- In which are repre- 

fcTiTed, the pernicious Effcfts of the Rife in the Price of Hemp. 

By a HaTier^makerj at ihe Service of all Monopolifb. Svo. 6d. 

iiewel], dec. 

An arnignment of the cotidaCt of certain merchants and their 
broker, who, by a. Ute monopoly of liemp, have, accordiag to tho 
Writer, done great injury to this counirv. When nrc confider the 
fupply of cordage for oar Qupping, ejclufire of all other braachea 
of rhe hempen mamifaaure, ihe fubjea here treated appears to be' 
of no fmall confequence. The prefent Dialogue is managed with 
good ability, on the part of the Author ; who, from his Icnonrledge 
of the matter ia debate, writes not only with judgment, but witt^ 
a confiderable degree of vivacity, and even Tome fhare of humour. 
Art- 34, Trails en Buhjt£ts of National Importanct. Firft* On 

the AJvsnMgei of Manufarfures, Commerce, and greii Towna 

to fhc Pppulation and Profperity of a Country. Second, DiJn- 
^ofcd AHcflinent of the Land Tax : and 

Kdcfiaflicfll <i>Drri, vhriv probata cf uiilli tnd }rtttT% of admiai- 
lub»a &re 10 be obtainecU 

Arf. t6. A ttfuijr Ayi-ail 9f tU tm FMk A^s^ pifled in the 
btf SdSod of P^rMimciK uoin Januxrv iO<h to OAolwr sjth, 
178c- By a B»riffr of lltt loner Tempi*. r>mo. 31. 6cl. 
ib^cd. FKiditig, 17*6. 

AbAvadicfEh* Af^i, if carefulf/ oiade, s/« ufcrol paMiciliocu; 
ud the accc^ij of (htm »itl be \)kz more olm^vs, when li ii con* 
fideiie«^, tfut (h< Tt4» ougliE Co be mtJe known, In TcifaD dr^rrr, 10 
cMfj faKjr^, Mr. Mpcnally [we think W4? haw Teen ihu gtntlv- 
Bu'» otme ia ihe acIf«rtif»ni«Dli] hii hrrt pwn HI (h« A^ 
fiJ!c<l iQ tbej€*t 17B5. The poblic fUEuUi ve ftbHdgc^ » wliitc 
the private «0i (Jti ibcy irc uTcful but to pirEiojUr pcjfifnv, or in 

CtcaUr Hicci) hite only tlic title >nJ coi^imii. Tbe Author 
di^o^ly 3''^*'> fyfry {ftt\nn of etch »rt, hxArhich ciMni ob- 
Jcvrhy i> arciilfd ; nnd indefd order tad fttcisricy ire dientisllfr 
xtid p^callnly occciTuy in ■ pubJiciaon ^t ihia (eind j for, wit^uE 
ibeiB, imk-id of ^i^iiif ^^uA^c ipfbrti9Aiio;i, ;hfA ibridgcniciit* 
■irfht ofl^y iVrvr to leiid pcoj^leinio li^p^riont inderron. 
Arr, 35. A tin^/ittC9mfiK/-iwn t/thi A'iihti^Lawia/ Engimdmd 
tf'Wff; betiigflnAbtlraflc'rftn Aftcf ih« UJt SciiooVj iairi«led, 
Ao ACl for rxduung iaioone AA of pAfliuiicnt liic Lffwi rcfpc^ 
log ibe Miliiu. By a Gcaiknunof the Inner TetnpLe. j:bw, 

Tbr robiarccof the Jftte fcMnlji^n^ <\Q. ech<cniiog ih« fntBtUt 
^iTElLcd «f ici retiiiaJu>t Un^iuce- 

P o L 1 1 r. 
Art. iS. ^« AV^ Mvsr^t tflMiflhrga Si/ttm $f P^ut m m«- 
JUtatti^mJ PrtatJ}Uj . Contiltin? of rropcHboiu for ihecJlcAii4l 
tod itrnmedUcc ^cfpreilion of Vi{[riD<y, I'lieftf, Bur^hrjn^ 

Tb« pifti) Mr. B«rrtt prT>pDrei >f ^^tjw-tii Adr limiltr to ihiE of tho 
rtcnclb police i ihc fpiri: of which it* in ttfty refpc^, hoflilc (o~ 
tbo Arcrjgcn of stie ivbjefl, ihe a^tjccch^sc cf '<icncc, and the 
wriliii of 4 irjjjinj^ n3i;i>n, Sorne of ojt Author'* proporitiom 
tare too much ihr nppejraixr-ff"'1crprHifm 10 he aimifted witriooc 
Arid ci^ntiaation i nor do ihey icfnt to be founded on th* prieci- 
plei of ovr ovcJJcfH contlJ[mion, nbich tvi}! pm iuflcr the mof< 
fCBifiaf i&divvJujf to be oppreflcd or cnitnria/F<<Ji or in in> rnui- 
tocr drprii'^d of ihe Jrre nfrrrifeof h^n (Wil nnd rrlioioui rifhm. 
The plj jfrbtr irgDineBi that oizr Author ^1 fchcme n^ill be > nafion^l 
r4tM»^ uf ro«r BiUioni per inn. ov^hi to b* ftriQIf icraiiaiMd, 
a* h«i efiinmri fee v to be (Dade in lenui raihrr too general : fuch 
ai a ccfuia wtiEcr c^lb. ' /*^i^ (Mtiii/ivin* 

A^t, 39. At EJJirf ^ P^ip iP'*fkhiajit : Wiih fome R^^^Il- 
liook pfopofed lor iteir improvement. Bv WmunJ GilEinjfWMrt, 
Qvcrlfcr of iJic Poor u rbrifJIoa, Norfolk. 0ro. 11. Ro- 

Tbo brftcvnlmr Writn of iTiU pmphlct fucceedi bcttr? U 
[poiACiagottt th« dcfdli than in dfuifin^ mprovemenu on the pie- 
-ktt mod* of maaftgin^ the poor in tbii cc«ntfy. HU E4^-v n 
[i«il qld^atcj for one parp^e diit don not futn lobavetornu^ 

J4. MotfTHLY Catalooui, MUual. 

auy PiUt af the AotliOf's origioal defign, viz, to prove, from nrpr^ 
iTcnc«^. the exceeding; pffnicioui (endency of oor priifeai jyjlem of 
fotr ljn:j. To a wfli-informcd rtjder rht^ grCAtcU part of the cvi]« 
cofl]pla; &f| aie ^o ij!^:j!v ceducibic from ihcf^ Jaiv«, and ire 
lb abfo'uTcly infcparafile fft^m the fr'utdpU on iwhich ihrj arc 
fo'jndH, diN* L-.o^hiM!^ Irj\ thin a rn^iJcaL altcfaiion can prove in 
^Xiy rcfj>ca bet:dicial. Ibc wcH-imendcd ;iin^^ndmctiU propofed 
b)' ^!r. Gillis^^v^iLcr, anJ m^r^y o^iicr ivrlLcrs, are Ukc the ufelcia 
r^ttmpJs to prup up, and render j.erfect, % oicaiderjng fabric 
loundird on f^nd, aod cemented with mirr. They may anmfe for 
n i.:iiiCj but cannot be produflivc cf any L'i;iiD3^ advanuge. What 
ii^i.;^ ^^\\ the reader eniertatn of an iinprovcmt^nt whofe pHncipfll 
liLcTJl mkJ^l CLJiiHlc in liie virtLr, tnte^^riiy, and humanity of the 
u:;ribnj whi> are to carry the re^«^Iaiions inio Efn:dt? 

M £ D 1 C A L. 

Air, ;^o, Exf-trimtrrU fit the Bxd and ^uill Peruvian Bark : 
V. i^h Obfcrrauo::? on in Hiftory, M^dt of Opcrprion, ice- Being 
tite Di^tircaiion »'hich gained th? Prize girtn by the HaireiiD 
;jociccy at Edinburgh for ihe Year 178^. liy Ralph irvingi Svo. 
3s. fc^ubcd, Robinfons. ^7^5^ 

I'hefc evperJmcnti are numerou', and properly adapted to deter- 
mine the conlUtuent partfl, and the quaJiEJes, of the bark. Many, 
of thenii indeed, tend to explain the phenomena and propertici of 
regctablc adl^nngcni& in general, rather than of ihe bark in par- 
ticular ; an error into whkh wriieM on (he materia medica ealily 
fal] ; the confequcnce of which ia, that they often aitribtite to > 
■ticQlar and faviiurire medicine the quaritica and virtues of a 

MeHTHtT CATALoauiy Mf£t4L 75 

firEofDr. Pagh, who wifhed to iraTx^ita it into Englllh, and males 
h pablic in hij own country, for the geoi/ of buaanitj.^ Dr. Pugh 
g\iti, therefore, a trui{l;itJon of M- fous^aif^'fl UtatilCi and addj 
fojue c^j Uui occurred daring his reii^encc at Balaruc, while h« 
ttu there ■(tending hi* patient, Mr- WbolaJlon. The properties 
flsd (HuliiieB of the waters of BaUrnc have been fu^citntly-iJe* 
rcnbcd bv many medical nniters; and thedifeafci in which they may 
^ve nfeful, are pointed oiit hy moU of the anihora at Montpel- 
Jier; cfpccially by the eminent Saovagei (in his N^/thgiaait- 
thUita), who is not waoiing in his commendations of (he /^^/7e« 

The prefect performance contains nothing of confeqocncc ; the 
analyfia of the water is very imperfiffl, itt in age when chcAiiAry ia 
braaghl to fuch perfedion ; and the medical ules of \x are reUttd* 

without any theorerical invejligation. 

Dr. Fngh'sdcfcriprionof MoptpeUier, and the adjacentcountry, 
Atay be etitcrtaining and ufefnl to fuch travellers as with to viHt the 
foQth of France, efpecialfy the defctiption of the road». prices of 
fiage coaches, lodgings, Ut. all which are Ixere particularly flOticed. 
Art. 33. A Trtetifi on Cancff-if vith an Account of « new aad 
fuccefsful Method of operating, &c. by which the Saffciingi of 
the Fatients are considerably oLminilhcdt the Core greatly acce- 
Jeratedi sutd Deformity prevented. By Henry Fcaron, Sutgeoa 
to the Surrey Difpenfary, Svo. as. 6d. Johnfon. 17B6- 
The method of oper.nmn here recommended by Mr. FearoQ la 
the fame which, 00 account of its fimpliciiy, we approved in our 
account * of (he flrfl edition of this performance. We are happy 
to find, ihat experience has ellablilhed our Author^s method: 
many additional caf«s are infened, fully confirming its fuccefi' 
Art, 34.. Obfirvatiani upon the new Opimsns of John HunttTy ifl 
his late Treatife on the Venereal Difeafe. Part the Second, By 
Jefle Foot, Surgeon. Bvo. as. 6d. Betket. 1786. 
Ja oar Review for October lafl wc mentioned the hrfl part of Mtu 
Foot's Obfervaiions ; and what was there advanced is apptici^ble %o 
this part. Why will not difpuianta confider, thai the intention of 
CODlroverfy fnould be the adijanctment ef fdtntt, and that it Jhould 
never be ufed as tbt 'L'tbuU 0/ perfonai abufi? Our AuthoT^g juft 
Orrflures loie much of their weight and force by the virulence of ihs 
ma:iner iu which they are delivered- 

Art, 35. Caitthm i^r-ceming Cold hathinty and drinking Mirtfral 
fTatcri. By William Buchan, M, D< Being an additional Chap- 
ter to the Ninth Edition of his DomeHic McdJcine. 8vo> Cid, 
CadelL 17S6. 

Thefe obfervations art jult, and if the cautions of our Author 
were ibiflly followed, we are confident that the melancholy con<- 
frooences of injudicious cold-bathiog and water-drinking would be 
leis frequent- In this little treatife our Author alfo points out the 
K.^{ct in which the ufe of thefe remedies is proper, atid Ihews the 
maaner in which they ought to be empldyed, either for curing dif- 
ealcs, or eltablilhing the health of weak and relaxed conltitutions. 

* Vid, M. R. voL IxxiiJ. p. 302. 

;6 Monthly Catalooiik» A'drft*nr4«r/»&c. 

Art. 36. AfifielianUs^ on incicnt and modern Gardmiit^t and 
on the SttDcryof Nature. Sto. is, 6d; Walter. 17S;' 
A canto of fcrifn. in profe and verfe, from writers who have, 
profc^cdZy or mciacatalTy, expatiated on the bcaaties orornamcDtal 
gardcnJDg and natural fcener/ : as— Homerj Virgil, Tafib, PeiraKh, 
iiacon, Shakefpeare, Milton. Addtfon, TfaomToji, WhateJe/, the 
forngn Encycbpedie^, and Joumah, ibe Defcnptions of Dovedale, 
Kcfwick, Sec. &G. 

Art. 27' ^ Mtthid U prefirve Ptjjch and NeHanm Trui fram 

the Effeils ef tfft MiUt-M I nnd for deJlroytng the Red Spider In 

Melon Frames, and other Infers, which infcJl P[anu in Stoves, 

and Trees, Shrubs, &c- io the open Garden. By Roberc 

Brov^nft Gardener to Sir Harbord Harbord, Bart, at Gnnton in 

Norfolk. i2mo- 5s, fewed, Frinted by Subfciiption for the 

Author, and fold in London by Walter. 1706. 

Mr. Browne's methods feem to be efieftual, if thoroughly periilled 

ID ; but the gardener tnuft not grudge his labour; — that labour 

^hich, if repaid by plenty of fine fruit) will certainly be well be* 

ftowed. The fame remark will equally apply, with refpefico tliebigh 

price of tht) very fmall book : for who can deem a crown toomuch 

for good inflmclfon, in order to preferve what is To expenfive to 

TiEife; and which, as the eteol fhews, Js often raifcd, oaly to feul 

iiifefts and vetmin ? 


Alt- jS. A Kfy h Htiliats*! Arithmtuc-^ coiKaining ihc Solutions, 




lA&l^ 1 bai conprrhcntfiDg ilfo tbe srnerAl dodfinc of abroFEiiff 
■ii n-lAllrc Mocion. 4, Inenii of Macier- U ihit chjipur trc 
bud (df»cvct> juft obl«rvatioAieHi thv t^r^ i»<^>jr, or ^i >vi>.'a, of 
«ikOi^»g body, being OiAt by ^hjch it coaitnuDiUtci tnotidii, or 
ckftitgc 0/ SfOtioD to Another body- Ittdetd wc h^vc never am wJilt 
uiv tking oiHC (mh&aty on Uiv rul>jcO. Then follow the gene- 
ra] Uwi c^f irotiM, *At) ike tloAripf dt ihr oimpoAiion wd rvfbla- 
tko pf fofCt*. ;. AnnAion of Grat-iiy. 6, AMr-iSkm oJ Coh«* 
iioo4 ^itb (cmc Kcntnl H«nukt en Hu^titirfa* !^ctEacr«, and l:Ur< 
ud;^- 7. audi. McchanJCJii Power), Vadrt (h< vtiUc Wodge, 
thr nlA-unof ^vcfil auihcri uc re^tittcJ, uid tbe whole placcij 
b 1 <JMf lijKi- 5- Ontrr cf Ot^viiy. iv^ Ciymmvnkuioti of 
MoU» by dtrt<{ ^nd ohIi<|ue Imptek. Thii iJfb coaprthfadt iho 
J^rinc cf the ^ovuncoui centre of coaiYrSon of ftbodr. u, 
Ceotfo of PcKvfiloD. O^cilhtion, lod Gyrju^n- t;. Ilchilific«L 
UockiD of BodWi ; cunuinln^ ihc ei^rurrsl Utvt of iTcdrriting 
^MVi. t|. PcoduTous, ajid, 14. Prajt^I« Motion, The Aaifcor 
Bpptfln u> htvo a (lev idea of chiagi hlmfeJf, ai^d alfo to poAef* 
i%e Bft of co«ninsnicatin{ it Lo oihcrr.^Hii vrort conami 14 

Art. 40, Tw Ata^rt/ifj ff/' Jifarhfmaiifi ; ^ffign-rf f6r tfcc UA 
of Si*d«nEa ai (i>« Umtcrliiici : ConE^irnirtc an lotrodudioA 10 
AlgcbfA, KemtrEu on ibc ^f1) Six Books of LucUd, 411^ (ha£le- 
fhrait of rUiJi Trigoao^cuy. hy W. Ludlam. luc Fdlo« of 
Si, Jotut*! CoJte^r* Cambfxlge. St9. 31. Board), CtMJ. 

Till* if ft »otk of very 2*^1 P«Hf, Mr- L- obfervM, 10 Kii pre* 
Ciee, ibnt ' no »>n can get anr (roJtt by mnking >n hcvrn^book i^ 
ilif babci in m^OicmaUCt. tlioiigH i( my tc aa ufcful wtufc/ 
WlikJ) U but (ootrue, »od hi^ probablT bn*n the rriibn t> hy ihf 
MA of writing elemtrtuy irmitlirit ^1J to aftrn riFT^n (o che lcio4 
aniiitful t)>nili '- bdi vben 1 niJi^er of the fubjrd! witl «]«i^ to u&- 
difrurk* ii. tlkc Piiblk a'c snMh bcnttitcda ns in the pftlcnt iv.* 
AMce. Tbe book bc^ni wjih ihe dovVinc of lul^^r fraAioot« 
ft^hStiBgweli »ocUri1ood, * Ir^iner wIU ^nd \Ui\c tii^ctUyhn 
t«i»prehefd^rig the c(«nvnti fif algfbra, a« here hid dova. The 
Mffjuki on Evclid are, in ge^cnJ^ very juti, and will hdp young 
iadeaia to comprrKcai (lie drift and ^ften of f Ki( ccteb4iicf d Au- 
tbgr* The tfi^cHjiiKiry ii hikf, but eaJy 10 be undeiJIovd : 3*^, 
ia fdrt'icubf, iJerc ii ca ejcrllfnt eluddJLH^a 01' ihc frier*! chie j;m 
IB ihe AlgebiikC Ag^<, ol' rtv (ornMi, r^rfcmi, lie. ia tttetiXtty 10 
bf oWtrved in the lotttiioni of adroaofniuJ And fhjitcil prubloOQ. 

A « T I Q^u I T I t >. 
Arr. 4f. K/vU ^fi/^Mn/ftr , ur av Accouni of ft><rie biti>dtrd 

iVpufcliro of tbe attctfat Irbjibitanik of Sritt^n In Ntftnbm. 

By the VCfT, janoDjuglii, P. S. A. No>. Ml* and III. Fv:. 

j». e»ch. N*wL i7Bo< 

Aa tU* U * Angular wnrtc, pecallaflf adapieJ coilluirai^ f)i<fuU 

7? MoKTfliT Catalogue, K'aturaf titjfary^ &c. 

The Author hit opcn^rd fcveral andent tumuli or rcpdchrei, in wbich 
arc found, depoJiied with tliE dead, according to the cultom of iht 
times, a variety of ml^rumeata of war, culinary or domeffic urenCUt 
rings, £emj, coins, &c. Thefe and every cifcumflance retitive EO 
the tombs, are particularly defcribed, and the tombj themfefvei, with 
s)1 thdr contentF, are reprereuted in aquafirtia p1a[ea, which irc ad- 
mirably Adapted for conveying an'accuraie idea of antique relics. 
Mr. Dcfuglas propofcs Co complete this curious performance in twelve 
Diimber», each of which wiM contain three pTatea, the Author'jown 
fitchitigr and the written defcriptlon of whai ihey icprefcnc. 
Natural History, 

Art. 42- Ajhart EJfay in the Propagation and Differ fim ^f AntmeU 
andVtgrtahki, being chiefly intended aa 3n Anfwer to a Letter 
lately publiJhed in favour of Equivocal Gencraijon. jimo. is. 6d. 
Wllkic. I7a5. 

Qmne •vi'vum ex pve is an axiom fo univerfally received by natural- 
iPj, that every aiiempt to con trad i ft it will be trcaied wi:h ridi- 
cule •, The idea of equivocal generation will he eafily refuted by 
repeating the arguments of Jiay, Ilarviy, Linaeeai, Dtrtam^ and 
cihera, whofe opinion 1 are fufficienily icnown. 

Art, 43, Jn Apoh-y for Nf^ro- Slavery : or the Weft Tadia 
Planters vindicated from the Charge of Jnhu;nani:y. By the Au- 
thor cf Letters to a young Planter, The fccond Edition with Ad- 
ditions, tivo. IS. 6d. Strachan. \yE6^ 
Wc natitcd the £rll editinn of this work 10 our Review for June 

Tbii iia-BCw editioo-cf ft svoi^ of^ 'Vf hioL wO 'fAve-an MeoutAin 
oor Review, voN Ixv. p. ajfi. Wh^t ac have faid 0f Ihai fHtiKtA- 
tioft hw been confirmeii by the uitheiitic vo^i^ puftlifhed bf Ifae 
Board of Admirtlty. The prefrnt edition, however, m \% vtmf 
plxei corrcAad ; bvc It it even now in imperfr^ Bccotm* 0f tbt^if-' . 
conrie«of UegrCM'navjgMDr, ondof Evcati w^bfjipiWMdiv dw 


Art, 45. ^tt fttfr$du£fhn ^9 Rt^'mg aitd Spfliing, written on % 

new Plan, and ddigced for the UFe of School. Bytteft*r, J, 

Hewletr, 8vo. n. JohnfbOi 1786. 

' Many rpelliDg-bootst' faji^ Mr. H. in hiv preface, ^Ifafto titeTv 
proTededly wriiten for the cafe of the ma^l^r a^id the aflillarice'tJf tbe ' 
Ichol&r, but little h» been doilc totnrds fyficinatheing vfic Ia^b*^ 
in ordeftocscewiplir/ the differeiH van* ties of inortiiogi^phy, tftOrc 
than coilcfling from a didionary, tabTci of wordi cotiffiHng of Ttvo. 
dttce, fonr, five, or fix lyilablo.' Mr, H. Diem (l«e ihfuflkimcr 
of fuchfpe)liDg books, ukI' recmnMbendi ttie meihodkat pLin^he InU 
ibitovied, H everf way cjlcuJated to'aAiJl th<? iAenu»y of th'^fchoWr; 
Tbe plan ii n^tsod one, but <ve fbar too intricate fcM- t cWtd, tn 
•tefa capacity ^one foch boolu ought to be fuiSedi 

We MinH differ /ron r«^r. HewJei when he fnyi the pronnncitTiuiL 
«f the Englifli IsTiguage ii tke molh per^ft in the nk<tropr)J[^. 
Art, 46* ^ Sm« flf Prints ef aneitnt Hi/tiry, defigncd .%s Orna* 

mettta fisMhofe Aparimenw in which Children receive thefirftRq* 

diawnti of their Edgcatioa. In two Parts, Part L SmaJI 4to. 

lod. Tewed. Marfhall. 

This little volume connins copper-plare engravings of renfatk4bl« 
occcrrencei In the AJTyrian, PeHian, Gretioin, and Romjtn mo- 
narchies ; which laH is divided into fuur clHtfTcit vi^. the Macvdo- 
uiaB, Afiatic, Syrian, and Egyptian kingdorns ; and concludes mifi 
Uie death of Cleopatra, The JeOgn of this publkation is the dmt 
with tbit of' A ferjes of prints ofSmpmrc hi (lory,' mentioned with 
approbation in our Reciew for November lail, and is intended as a 
companion to ir; the platej here ^Iven :ire equally gcoJ, ifnotbct' 
ter, than the foriner, and are much fuperior 10 any we have be&Dre 
feen, in little rompilements for ihe ufe of young rcid'.T^. 
Art. 47- j# O'firiplioH ffa Set of Print! of cmaeni Hiflory^ Cftti* 

tabcd in a Set of eafy Leffons. In two Parts* Pan I. Small ^id, 

6A. fewed. MarihaM. 

What we faid in our Review for Noveniber concerning ihedefcrip- 
don of a Similar ieric» of prints, may be applied lo the prr^fent, as, 
like the former, ihis little volume exptaiui iU the plates in tbe for^ 
goiag pubiicatlon^ and i«,ei^iially commend jbk lor the ityJe in which 
tbc defcripiioiti are writtt^a. 


An. 48. P^HhalEffu^mofan-EpiturearfPhVifftphei't COntraHed 
with thofe ^f '31 ChrjAian Philofopher, both faradranced in Yean, 
The FifU being a dofe (though liberal} Tracllatlan of fotOfi $\l^ 

to MoKTHLY Cataiosuk, DrMUthi kCi 

13» of th« late celebrated Voltaircp u publiOied «inmg hU Works ; 

and tbe other of a CODtrt^ng P^ody of the faid Stantai by ka 

flnonymoui Aathor* Both uanlUted from the French, 4(6. i«. 

Becket, 17S6. 

Except poor Reviewers, who ftre, a\»a I fbmd to read OTeiy tfiing 
that any body chafe* 10 write, who will give themfeUes the troublo 
of reading a copy of verfcsi in which the mere whim of making tKh 
fm contradia it* fellow, fappUea the place of wit, harmony, feiife« 
and grammar f 

Art. 49* 7^ Patriot Beard^ ao Heroic Comic Poem, 4(0. 2S» 
Graham, No. 134., Drnry Lane. \y%6, 

GruBBrnt hath DOthing to fear, if we may judge by thii fpeci- 
men, mim the rivilfhip of Drvy Lom, In harlotry the Jatter may 
excel; buti in poecry, Grubftrect muA ftill remiiD-^che Panuitua 
cff the dty. 
Alt. 50. P9tms fir jewig LaJits, Devotional, Monli tod En* 

tertaining. Selcdled by Dr. GoUfmiih. iimo. 3*. fcwed* 

Tohnfon. >7^S' 

Whether Dr. Goldfnifth was, or was not, (be fefe6or of thefe 
poems, is, weiuppofe, immaterial to the Public. It is of more im- 
portance 10 be fatisfied ihic the pieces are all of a moral tarn, and 
Jit to be put into the hands of young female*, with ■ view to proper 
infiru^iau, as ffell ai to t^iioi^M]. intntainmtnt. They are colle&d 
from the work* of Addifon, Young, Moore, Collins, Thomfoo, 
Milton, Dr- Cotcon, Goldfmith, Pope, Gray, &c. We have w* 
rions colledions of a fimilar Icind and bulk; fuch, for inAance, ai 
ihe Mtral Mi/ultatrf, the Pka^Hg InfiritdQr^ See. &c. Wany of ihe 

MolvVHLy CaTaIoouf, Dramatm St 

prolibility, operated apainfl (he piece on the fucceinve nigtiti- We, 
tvbo were doc at the iheaire on the ^i\ tiighc of ifs prrforJnaDce^ 
ibink it DOW incambenC upon ui lo hold the balance fairly between 
Ursp Cowley and bcr cenfurera. 

The Itidy, in her prefacp, gives her word, that, vthatci'cr her fins 
were, her pliy U publilhed ^with aU its impirftaiimi en ttt hrntt. 
Taking th]« to be the fifi, the comedv has been pcrufed with a 
fintt aad a jealous eyet and tts far u relates to the UngDige and 
diale^uc, hdn. Cowlcy^muflte acquitted of the charge of'ioJcccncy. 
The exprcEon wblth tt feem* jrave uTnbrage to doiicaEe e^in, haa 
fioihJng grofi : the bridegroom fayv, he wilt provide a d&rk thoj^her 
for h» new-married wife. The wk, if there be any in the phrafe, 
11 nor of maeb value; but he muft be fastidious indeed, who, on that 
■ccouair condemns the play as offenfive to modeA earF. How fax 
the performance before' as can be receivrd aa a proof oftrue comio 
nomt* may be donbtful \ on this head, however, we fhalZ hazard » 
Rw refteftioiu, t^hich, perhaps, Mn. Cowley wilt not find unworihy 

la the firft place, flie has not chofen her fubj^Jl with tafic and 
jodlgmcQt. Spaniel pJota and Spanifh manners will not furnTfh iru^ 
comedy. The trick of an embarrafled fable and perplexed rnndents 
\t wtim rhreadbare. To fee the per/ona of the drima merely ihe 
fporc of chance, of accident, ard of mijtah», may diver; in panco- 
Biime, but fomcthing of more value is eipefLed in comedy. We go 
lo the theatre to fee manners as they e^^ilt in fociecy. ^Vhen i\^t 
ftene is laid in Spain or Portugal, a fkire difappoiaimeni foUo^vs : of 
kogliOi charader* we can judge, aoii when ihole arc not olfured, we 
lofc the opportunity of comparing the copy with the life : in Ihort we 
BO longer eJcpeft the plejifure^arifing from the truth of imitation. We 
wcald [herefnte recommend to Mrs. Cowley, in her future compofi- 
tion<» to look for characters at home ; fhe may then give a faithful 
draught of Lhe manners, and (hai fpirit of dialogue which Ihe fcema 
(0 pof^nh will not htt walled on an ungraceful fubje^l. 

Before we clofe thii -article, it mult be admitted, chat the leflbn 
iniended for grey beards is not the molt delicate for the pen of & 
lady. T6 Mri. Bchn, th '■J.rinr &/ tU LiJ (^atuyv, Mrj. Cowley 
Itio^Ul obligation, . H^d Lhi: jcene lain in England, perhaps 
ihrre would not have been fo niU'.h of exaggerated charaler. Sera- 
fttwa tvonld not then tel) hrr a^ed huJhand, that he reprefcnted ^ il-c 
Ui ^I'vdhd grsj p£ttt4 TjJidf \* that (he ^ '^•tll/it at btr hakovy, n at" 
trnti mdmiratitn /that flie ' ieuUasit hf at rtji ta her ht4, tf Jbt tht/ught 
htr l>vtr^9pt ^nitth >'' that ' i^bcn g^y ivtjatn marry grey^htarJif it 
it thiir fitut dtfign if ha/ot thtie fiiua '{/jay in evtry thing ;' and ihac 
' itihtn %(d mrJi are fiftti* thzy are finnJ to he cha§':* and all thU 
borders upon improbability j the ini'ulence ii loo grof^. In HngliJh 
Aaoncrs ihere would be mbrr f;r^ and perhaps kfi 'Li/.'^i ^ but i% 
would, in thai cafe, be a copy frooi life, and cherefcre mO'-e er^ter- 

On the whole, Mrs. Cowley has employed her talcnti upon nn itl- 
rWen fubjcci. In her next piece v.c hope io fee a fclt^liijii of bene* 
tille ; and then her ahiUties will probably enfure fuccefs. 
Riv, Jan, i.-«r- G t^tvi^i* 



Art. 54. yuliarta^ By the Author of Fruicrs the Philinthropift. 

iimo. 3 Vola. 71. 6<j. fewcd. Lane, 17S6. 

Julianji Moniev;lle» the heroine of thji novel, u 1 yoang lady of 
great beamy ; it\iit as (tie reader may eaftly imagiite, fhe ia deeply 
in love. The inamorato, Mr* W. Falconer, Iblicita ber hand, but 
be is rejcAcd by her piirenEa with contempt t tlicy have a Ipj^ of.he* 
rediury digniiy abouc ihtm, and will many her to nothing below a 
lord- In conlequence of this rejcdlion, the lover refblvcs on a voyage 
to India, in order [o divert hi^ meUncholy, and, if poffiblcp to for- 
get ihe obje^ of his choice- Some time after hU departure ^m 
£n(;lajid the father of Juliana informs her that Mr. F. died on hit 
paflage 10 the Ealt, and ihac fhe muft look out for another fwain*. 
The Jady is pcAercd with namEroui admiren ; but her delicacy la fo 
very great, that fhc cannot admit a fecond paOJon to her breaft; aod 
the hero of the tale, after having etperienced the greatelt diftieffiei 
and hardHiipE, returns, and (Juliana's ^iher being dead) ia made 
* the happiell of men/ 

Such is the outline of the Jlory* Varioni epifodej are introdocedr 
by which the writer evidently intended to arreil attention ; btit hie 
labours have a totally dJflcrent efte£l. By a multiplicity of iQcidenti 
ai;d charaders the interelt ij broken and divided,' and the hero and 
heroine are loll in the crowd. 

As 10 the Hyle of thit performance, it is for the moA pari — fo, fo. 
Wc mean not, however, that it haa any relation to Touchftone'a^,^* 
which he inicipret* to be * _^W. vtrj fwiSif:/ gotd.'' 
An. 55. Lane*i jfunuai N:^vttJ/f. A Collci^ion cjF Mora] Xalcs, 

MoiTTKLr CAYALttCUJtt MifitiUMmiJ* 


kU lie peHbrsince ulw bcf>;>^c m wilt profaihly b« difie^r coc 

Alt 57- Thi 4dum^ti.^f 4flbt^j fVin>; or z fte^ at ib« 
UiBvcji tti SoUeij. B7 All A<kpt. ism^. | VoJi. 71. 6d4 

Ua^ opmcrrly of TrtAM in lov-life. Aod il BtfH tic acknow- 
"^tifbi thAi liie Avthor* so dvCctibtng ihsin. afpeui to bf pcrtr^jr 

' In lorni<r titiK* (hik it Vlciit illJy ioimi, ^ 
TcK) ioTuUy pfiiU'tJ T^m Dki'r<y aii4 Tom O:ovn.' 
Ivf wfc^i «a«ld be fay wm he hoa living, 4n4 rcouirtlrd e»gfvf ttic 
r^rnvw oJ A»Ur04y Varitii^ } Jn a wi>a^, if %At. V'ainifh ihmtt i« 
jafi i^r a /'■Yo or a Brr^tm^ wc c^a aiTwC hjn kc wiJ| b« dlfAp- 

Aft, 58. yi/tirU* Tat .Chtn&at tak^n rnun raJ Li^r, and 
«aJ(ulAtcd CO saipfar«tba Moral* of th« fraale Sex, by tmprtdir 
iWjtt «itJb a jut ^cAltfof tic Mcfita offilial Pieir* ^y ^^ifaaBiA 

Uiit V-Aont, b^^tufxaf: ffooa her pvfa^wiika libcnfte jooag 
luasct. rTDbutrra 1M Uiur pui c-f hrr lih- 1 fo/ ber lover ^Meiita 
Wr^r a K^ack iwirti^i:*, And aJcfr*-Ar4i f^Kiicei htr. m o<d«T iff 
vn^Tjf a Afckcd dajiic cf oqalitTi of i>'h&m tic, at Jcvj*thf >a b» cnroa 
IroDMt (te Jwpe i b«t ttit tfuchcvy ociaiiooi the 6cAth of V»^to- 
m'n maOur, and of our bproinc hertr^f. Ttae work n tntrr^ricd 
aitk *an0«t lirla hiAoric*^ verf**, £rc- It It fo far to be com^ 
lanicri, ibat ii cjLb>bi:> ihc Ul aAcda of £liU dirob«dMa<a aa4 
liM^^ctE^ ribcTtinifm, In llhluft|[ coktum the !aA£uas« Urftcuhcr 
|aod PC* bad i It 11 too mudi ia the cvmnOQ Llyfc u/ modna dotcIi 
iadvJ«nrr #rfii tncanuadaiton. thcM^, vrhca ranked in ihat na> 
KQoai diit o/HOd4!^tJob», the lowe4 platt attA iwt b« a4ga«d to 
lknJM-bonio4afou«ciiviiitr*t braioj 

Art. 59. C^tfMOm t/ fJhi Kiftgi tmd ^mmw ^ BvittJ, MvAc4 

fjOM diifcfeftt Htilorw* 1 udth ObCtrrationt aad RcMboait cbicl^ 

■daptcd 10 tomtnoa UJV i and particularly inicodrd for the In* 

ftroAloa of Vovik, To wbit^L ifc added. Nam Hil^mlct^. Ky 

J. Holt. Vo?. r. limf. f<, 6d. frwrd. RobiafdM. J786, 

Dim- Author introdorti ih<t p«btjcatio<i by a prrf^cv, Jrom whkk 

^ b!l litii^ thr fo[lcwipj( pidaj-f r ; - Tfce charaflen of oar Eft%Utk 

tivfi vcrr collKled for m. fcboof utrnfc in a priraic fefsi«arr> to 

inv laa (petlwtm of good writng, atid to coorcy (amt iiii-ntl tn<- 

farQuion- ObfrrvaElAfu wrrc eiad« apaa tl^e rvfpWkivechjraAciv* 

^ dw luae they iRre Jiri Tele^t*! ; nhxb hai« born fom4ihiaf tn* 

htgt4t aad vhi^ nij£bi b« yet £n:aily and profitably oatndedi 

T£e kiUQticti Bur» «?fc 44dcd a» /(»;^j iiior« Itkdy to <og^* (^ 

a;)atioa of ytxoig miadi, ocd at pfopcr ta ttt-ifurc ap fn t&Tr mt~ 

iUrie>| ai foifjEafy op«raTioru t>r political detajli i xSoft fahjr&thf^ 

i>^ tbf priadpal oonCeni* cf ibc abtidjcd biliiedci ofoally put ia;4 

ttc kanif aTyOMb.' 

Thtebiraderi arc lakm from Hume dud ftna Smo^ltti^ cnn- 
WMhig «icb rbai of AlOfd, acd tnnclodJfig with F^wafd Ute 
TWd, The oblbrvaikuif arr>uif, fCRiatnr, ud ibe«iktOU3) «u4 

$4 MoNiHLy CArktGGVt,'Mfieffani9Uu 

the hiltoricd fifls nre entertiining and curioD) ; for moll of which 
the rJJtoT Hck[inu^'J}rc& himlcit jndebted to Anderfon'* HiJloriol 
and Chrono^ngical Drdufliona, We iappafc th« Nfr. Holl rnteodc 
CO bring liown his work nearer to the pTefent ame, bi chU publica- 
tion is marked Voi. I, tnnugh there is nothing Jaid concerning a fa- 
lurc volume either in the preface or iny other pirt of ihe book* 
At\. 6o, The Journtil of IVilliam Dowfing^ of Stratford, parlii-' 
nunrary Vijitor^ fv>r dcmolifliing the fuperflitioai PiAorCs and Or- 
njmE-nt^ of (JnuNhrs, &c. within the County of Suffolk, in ihe 
Year^ ^64^ and 164-^- <to, 15. Nicholj, I786- 
Mr. Doix ling a^ed undtr » w4mnt from the Earl of MancheHer. 
There fcem^ tu be an nir of humour fn fame ofhti detul&^ai^At 
Sunhitr\^ ' \ve brake down TO mighty great atigeli in gtafi.' At 
Hazirii, * broke down about 100 fupcrltitious pifliircs ; fcven^ fri^ri 
hiicping a nun ; and the pi£lure of God, &c- At Ciart, ■* brake 
dowLi 1 coo pictures, fuperflitiout ; 3 of God the Father, ^ofCbrilt 
and the holy Lannb, and 3 of ihe Hojy GhoH.' At RayJta, ' t cru- 
ciJix, iz fuprrJtiiLDUS -pi^urei, and a Popifh infcriptioD, Ora pro 
nchii, &c/ Biiihum, * brake down the twelve ApoLllcf in che chan- 
cH. and 6 rupeiRitiom more there; and S in the chnrch* one a 
Lnmb with n crofa X on v^.t back ; and digged dowD the ftepi and 
look up fotir fuperlHtious infcfiptionf of brafi* one of tfaem yt/u, 
fit Diij Kr/er^rf mri^ and O mattf Dei, •mtmtHio mti^O mHttr «f 
Gid, i'a-ve mer{y an mt !* Vffrd, ' 67 fupcrrtitions piflurei, and 40 
chenihimf, nnd ihe ch^ncei JeveHcd, There wa> a pifLnre of Cfarift 
on the crofs and God the Farher abcve It." Ruflrmrf*^ ' brake down 

HpWr < t 

i-wtiy t- 

JbWUmi fa: 

j^ti CI iruie iHTiEijiii, ana laifo' 

Froni ibii uje'{>j£c, jaJ (lie iianie oriae Au^h^f, i ■ ■ iV 

^ti i« book, bt mv<b cilipp^ini^. Vhr . 'v 

I17 ft kCT)' J>0O(S lEiiUx. AnJ J 

r* are> ibf the diUe p4itj Twilk j >> . '. 
kikdu^bon Oft BKiAfii>Lu)t moral, ui poliiicftl S»bf<^- 

inAMitf. Ikkc •« c,'iK pOflui 0J.4 Uagc<if ■ katfa Ui HfLf ^'CjCt 


frt lu lu hit 
^pcu^, like A ' 


' ^"Jl Ml 4 L^ ILrtt 'I .UL'L.' •* ■■l< 


fftl t'frn^noA /roa" E*o|m: O'^^gor;' IX- 


:!Ull>^ Tii'tjOi fklju of iot< An<l lumtOKta/ if_ .BUi;h 

'1- t»5< £tfu««7 jfti^tfftttf^A i 7V«w.'f i^'i}Wfj& IfiUnL , C;>nuia- 
ii^ V urckyk/ AccD«at4if the FfUr»fn. i^wi, CuIoai, Arcof 
tMiJOn^fill with«grrjtNtimbtiro^canou«Ai»cci!ou«< iio^. 

rt* to. Tht Art tfittnvrfiig m mtra^, rtS/i^tlH 4™ tM/^lMt^^ 
dt^^mtd t&t tit iaprcvcin«3i oJ )Vbf»g Lacui leJ Ucoilct •«. 

U 3 ^«V4Ll».t[l£ 


Monthly CataloouXs MSfiiUanem^ 

Containing pfcaiingDialo^iiea on Lying, Pnyer, Fifhm^r Fowl- 
ing, Ueath, Deformiiy, the S&giciLy of the Ewes and Limbs, 
Dctral^ion, the Tulip ; and a Rambrc through' London, in a 
Dialogue between MaAer Jofeph and his Siller. By 6> WHght, 
Kfq* Author of the young Mor&iifl, Country 'Squire, £rc. iimu. 
i». 6d. Turpin. J/Bj* 

It ii ever unpb:ir3nt to ua to fpeck cenforioufly of workr which 
appear to arife from a gnod incention, and to Aim at profhoiinj; In- 
nOLfncfr truihf and virtuet fuch la the narurc of the pr«reni pubJi- 
caiLon ; ai^d (he col legion of which it confiilf may be ailiufing and 
ur^fnl to children ; and fo it might, had boih the poetry and proiW 
bei^n' fomewhat mere elegant anii accurate. Some expreflions ate il- 
literate, and falfc grammfr, ai, ' there h innocent am ufementi 
*iiow to be found/—' there's things Jax^rful that, &c.' — ' down goei 
the pr;^c!iEA, 5:<:/ Mr. Wright fays indeed, * the learned critic may 
find many inncirciiraries both in ili^ compotition anvf the language^* 
bat thij \< not a luffirii^ni apology for the publication of fuch cntdi- 
tjcs. Howcvrr, though wc cooJd nfit avoid thcfe hinta, we mufl 
own (hat the pfrformnncc ii not an objeft of critidfm ; yet fttll, it 
muHhe allowed, that literary compofiti^nt intended for children and 
youth require fonw care at to language and ITyle, ai wclj « to doc* 
trine and fcjiEiment^ * 

Art. b-» Iht PapiT-msUrt' akd Sfatm^$' j1jfi/Jfmi\ beiiigacor* 
reft l.iflof all the different Paper*, their 7li&/, Rata, and 5nvF, 
wiAi the m-w and aiiJitional}y\M\t^, and tbe Three Five per Centp, 
ihetecn, ci'actly cakulated. By John Paine, JwwisT. lamo. 6d, 

Motfrntr Catalogup, Thtstt^j 


pfivr : ■ - —I- noiCi *rt: ioo cofifpicuooa to ir^oirt *iit «r»T*fn(/ 

Botvk. ^-i'ti^* iob« l^JtI1lgLllih^^ by thr Uik of hii AW- Uatift^^ 
Ctar^ Dif^Mfy i il ii wvl^ planctdi and ippeart to be accamttly «jc- 
KultJ. Tbc utI«-paf[V a&riEU chit upM-ir^i oS ^Q,^fx Urtt ir* Iktc 
<OBifrtkr)'Ji<J. Onihc whcic, tMt fftiVi lo\it ihc bell COmpil^inGnC 
of thrbtr.d that in L yet ipnr)?<^ 

Art. 70- MfMHfti tf^ yrttuk y,^-YrjwKor(Vlp*d fiom Sbv«r^, 
^a, n. Oiferd, u the Ctftrcndon rnfs, SoM by RivingtOM 

If TlhT ii»m#<'if ihit ntmror hjh! bfrrsfirfrf 10 \\%% wcA, «* TnSgbf, 
wHiipt, hire been ible to ]ti^< fofmed .t proper juiginent uirh rf^ 
roefi » ih« dtf^rer 1^ crtdit t^ee 10 his Jlory 4 buv, Ajioarmtv^t M 
iKcfc axm^ira arc* ■I'c C4fino< be furc ^ti ««op(H| not ro bxire cl^llVd 
ihcm uith the coi&mon iieiv«ti<7f ibe c!«y. If. h^-tHcvrr, ihr fiory be 
f/#/. thr urirrf, ^vhon-n he u. 2nd ibr rnmp^niosi cf hit ucAfffioL 
ut» voyag^, arc «aliil*d to our utmotl p>irjr 4«J (OMiniCmtioii, rn 
Accouni or' ihc frucJ ifomcni i^'f rccnvcd nt iKe hmJ* ^f tha 
btr^tijn] on whcfe JnhofpiMSIe ^m< thry utrc i}i <pj;je<brJ' 

The Aaih&r Lrtl* 11 thii be ivas appoinieJ bv h»k fuvrrti^** ihe 
Xtnjf of Krin^i^t in 1 f^mfAjrid in vbe foktny nt ,*W&r^t | ihftr lA 
December \^^\t he embif ked tn boirj xYk 1*0' l'rier»di. OpVl«ft 
Caiiq > ipd iJair en i^ 171^ of joniir^ fort^viDf^, ih-e ttCel wii 
<iJt awAv in a lEvm nn lb? loaf! cf Darbi^, ubrrr fim>r of tbccr*^ 

re fdied it ihcv ^u rrnrn ^v-:*, Hcd bkiII t»>i]nt)i]!v n>tif Jeird by 
iWfiJT^vf^: tthilr tbofe v'ho;-" Jii^i i*rrc fp.i'ed weft fn<liVfJ, The 
•iff ■! 6fotr A «;»»*>;> »*^»Ti" sisung (hen? favapet, alinoll 

ejiecrL , for^kt hftrdOiEfi i<:i]i;led 04 hfrn hf lus -■wteifeCt 

B^ton. feenk to b«ipc bcea fbcfa ju bomtit llrewth. cnc m>u:d jin&b 
ficVt could nrt pclTiblr Aippon- Ac ^gtb, v/f % proper ifptin* 
CtfJoQ of ih« F-riropenn coftAili r;> iKr KvtjpenTr of yW4V¥Litf, rhe Rir- 
nei*p fu^efefi were <rt M liberty. T^Be mftoner, bfltt-e»^r, In 
ti'aiCA (fier ki;ipr]y obtained ilwir drTiitnnce tJe^* nor wf Jf comport 
with the lin[U4fe ofovr Ai»;bor'i tidc-pvic \ »o ivbich -Ht Are »ld 
ihMbcf.'rjv'^from Cbrery^ 

T««OL0C V, (^*. 

Itit.7t. A jhmBSh •* fi-sy/i/Mt inlenaeJ to fluc^late the 
Qortfloe) rcricetnifif; rbe Kitt«c aitd IVrprTitEty of in Oblifi^ttbn; 
ftvJcihd^ToulinJn, A.M. ^-0. !■> joh^ftm. j?*S- 
Mfi T/i mfiTniiii; fcemi to prove, ip 1 ^nifjflojv ni-ni«T, tXt* 
lOtifm il J riLc, fjot intended foj thr £r]C cc-ntcfit j^ofie, buf iFjt 
u L ' ' kep: uptn ihe Chr:ifbn churEh. U<rn<^cTi; j nf 

Ir '^ . . a» :o ihi* jitrcUftUfi 'n ihe bcc^ of ihr AJfi^ 

breoiafLcd, laii thn bock ' w n^t tit fsulo; j uf the conciniince 

WbIJ oo< kno« but ihic the Chretien it\\\ died t^jib ftsch at h^l 
Ked It. Tbii UxiL ikrih noi p^tfikvUrty inform u« rlt>t iheir 
y toofe it up ar*i pefpTfiiir*d ic : 11 fay - ; 'ir 

" rintbelktTfi,ir fcjBiinjeharelei.oTo . '1 

•v. or lelcfcr^riFj tticl,f>fd'! .s -^per. Tbb \\ a C4>i:Liit;^\i(^ft 
itti Jiu brrn* tftd tfT faJ/Jp- mjj ?>, employed ^a f^mt rf ^a- 


Monthly CATAtoGUB) ThtpUgy^ 

fHii-R^iprSfsn, 3 fr..Jitc w-likh this Writer rcicfls. Yet the Vgif* 

n'Ci:t ja i>oi wholly wiiljcui hs iveighl. 

Au. 71. 7/-/ /."fljj cf the Revtlathn ef St. J'hn ihi Divine ex- 
j-/i:!.t^\.' i in an iiHionfa! Vicxv of the paA and prrfcni StJie of the 
t:Jir]jlian M^ojiJf coznparc-d «i:li ihc froptietic ViltoQs. fif 
l^li(.im;it \'jvLan, Vicar of COTQwcoilf DcvoD. £vo. 29.'6ii, fctrad. 

'ilir pereml deCtgn of the Rcvtlation isfio give, in a fmn of 

prophfiiic I'lM-ins, an hilbry of the foiure forinncs of the Chriftiaa 
church' Nuu-, sv (<-ytr,Uta handted y«^rs arc pall Hnce thi> pro- 
js'ifcy :ir'r npptarcj, it i? natural, as our Author obfcrvM, to fup- 
pofu, that fooic of tho'evenrs here foretold have a]:cady happened ; 
ochc-rs may ilill Lc fumre ; and fomc may be of that naiure at to be 
iL-liilling hy a n^ceilion of Jjmilar evcnta for fevfral ages together^ 
And may ho exij'iiu^ at thi^ nrefenl time. 

In confcijucnctf of this luppoJition, the book dindrs itfelf into 
jhrce p»ns : itiu fiiil furctclIJnr^ eveni^ that tiic Af-u- /a,^ ; the fc- 
Cfind, ihi^ic tU;it arc a>ii' txijhng ; the third, thole tii;i( «re y//// /» 

Mr. Viviin confidi^rs thefc diviftoTis under dlflinft clones: and 
illui^i-dK^ Ihr fcvcral fubje^is of which They treat, in an rafy and 
crtncij'ir maniKT, fomeCLmt^s appealing to hilLury, and foiuetitnes re- 
IjiuR on conjccluri:. 

'1 he number of (lie Bca[t (666) in Rav- viii. i&- haeb giren rife 
to n^uch fpocuJition, Ifom Ifenasus to the modero c\pofi[or>, on ihi» 
m^llic^I boofi- Mo[l Proicnant wriEen have fuppoft^d that it ilc* 
note^ the Roman PontiC Ouf AuihoTyia ot anothi 

wffett U ti^, tt>r rann) ftgci, in h^£:nftiu(U lod coi«i. Tlw 

byi --ind the D<i};hbo«Ticg btjor* lili withw iMe T^ur 

lui^j Ac ihv liai* cht propbccf wu Wiuka. Latti; vru 

pLfC Mn dWi^rd tr brcnne vac univcrru Ungui^c id the uvdffA 

K' 'J t^tcfcifl nvmbo or tic 

Bcj ... .;rii iirltkb AJCsV JnjcLT4i.|ff 

L ■ • CO 





pnEon CI i.^r itv,v»;, hii: ti (rf thf 

Levi). ItfjCiA liu i<i{C| t|> the prcixAt y^ar {i;^,/, ^k^ y^^o.j'vaiif 
oar of dim ih« kicgi df die, nunc of Lewu kirc ni^ud }>7 

' Pram tfc^b«(inmnf of ikrrWgi) of LewttVI. («hiefi pttfoea- 
lioalMflm iaa oun i'ti(Mii»9i[tArt) in the jcjr uo3* to iHc pfOr 
^c irut ftfc 6;6 jt^n^ out yf «&>di tbc .UwU>_ Wc fei^&ci 

- Siiicr Lho ftec«4|cror l.^eim XlU. in i6io» ArBi?^^ y<ku,.iM 
Vdikfi Ifucr mi klej Ahih rdgoej \n fratce r' - ■* r rrw, 
^«d tbb lenn»efpo£i4.LJ}',Uie lUne rncAfit is \.< .c tC 

fi»:Ji9iKd f/v ^^^''4^ f/fV>r^W-j ^wiuii'. The na i««a 

4 oaCi n(M of «it»l w«:i« Uje. mere ^ifirciiiiCL- ' •■ ncc'fikt. 

Thr r^olirll I.ct»'i ( rbirireath and Fcufccrnii^ Mj.,-.:--}rai ihf ^b^ 
■»il U'^^t waijng iQ ch^ bj^ f'f tVir lubjfAi J trvi the other, 
lie Kilcnat^ dad 6jst»Ddi, co&ti wiing - ia hang ikat J'^nguioiirx 

fdia>y ^ „. V .. . . ; 

tW £>Ene ejtpciim'fir hul h/t a na^tr on chr i*' 


t^n^J Bt^P JO tie pericctiii»j£ jnoaitchi of fnt'Cc ; but £One of 
l^m, hovcfcr, {u^p^i^^d ih^t itr i3(S vrrf?, or inv i^inf coo- 
liincct LJt it, x\ d^LTifLivc of tbc ^/Muf ^AT^ff. Pot thrt ifikuver/ 
1^ jumtd an nJcticd lo tb« iB£«iMit/ v>d A^uii/ of oar 

4}0 MoNTKtT CATALOGUEt Thtihgy^ 

Art.?'?* Rfmfirks on tht thrte firft Chaptiri rf the RiviIattoH ^f" 
St^ Join. To which art prefi)fe4, FnorLctterj to (he Rev. Tho- 
mas Chnrle^i A. B. on the Number oF the Beall^ and the Wo- 
man's Arfland ferond Flight* By Thomas Reader. Svo, is, 6d, 
Buckland. 17^5. 

Mr. Rciderilrflrrse/Trinially from Mr. Vivbn in the spplication 
oF the myllic rvtjmber 66&, * It is plain/ iays he, * that it ia the 
number, not (if the JetorrJ, but of the Jir^ Beaft ; not only becaafe 
the fecond Henft, whenever he nfest will live wholly and only for 
the honour of the lirll t for which reafon Iren:cus calJs him hit ar" 
mour-Uonr), but becaufe ihe ^rfi Bcafl m vifibly intended by the 
word ^Ai/^ |]X times (Rev.TtiiE- 14, 1^. i?-)^ and it ts alfo aJIerted 
(v. 17-) ihat the number of the firft Beaft will be given to his wor- 
fhippers \ for he h the lall named> and the proper antecedent to 
the relative at'*, hn^ v. 17, 18.' 

According 10 Mr. Reader's fcheme, the/roff^i«_^ii not yet come. 
He feemj inclined, with the learned~Meder to adopt Potter's cele- 
brated inter pre ta'tion, founded on the fquare of^z^^*- (a number 
which very p^iriicuhrly marked tlie o!Hccs' and tSiltinguifhin^ orders. 
&c. of the Rom!fh church], oppofed to the number 12, which, on tho 
cunirary, was chofen by divine wifdom, as the difcriminating nuoi" 
ber of the true church, both under the Jcwifh and the Chrifiian 
difpenfation- As li is to. 14^, fo i& z; and a frn^^ioii to 666. * It 
IS remarkable/ as Mr. Reader oblefvest ' that the two €rA, tnd 
the tadof thofc numbers, ate theonly numberrin the Greek'Tefti- 
mtn which the Holy Ghoft hath cxprcfled b^ numeral fellers ; and 
ihofr number! alone heioft fotfrpreflrd, rind that only in ore pL 


'jMbltlhrd b; C. Bivlev, %a Oppotiton to thai Do£trta«. 
At- 76- Ti/ Svrd^i^iri^iM IhUrtne if # Trimtj tvmfidinA \ or, 

a Triiui; viadifucf}, attcriia^ ui the PnccipJpicf the iiktmi. 

»atitdEfflH SwedtAbdrg, nah R««i«rte«nii tScraM on G^,iT.6» 

tiMO. LopffDU. 17 Vt- ; 

VrV lw«e dimd U>c nbovr pimplklcu id one-Aniclc.-Jv tie^ 1i4vt 
tst kiunrdutic cocnv^lioD tvtiit tjulH oi^r, kk ihp lifA ibc AhiW 
[Mr, B'j'Irv) 4^rr!> r-^f rtity of the- Diviiir httUK, a^ri tk«r pnii> 
eujti tn ^r^J mil Htii^hih jHc cififtnDe<ff a-Tiikl: - ^ to 

lW pMfrfiH» Cl (he cAufch oC t4i.t;hcd^ ,^ 

Jks a&o«/n>vi nriirr *pp««M, m ' i ptvipiikt, *da ^if- 
pyut tbc AT^vmrBii of tWfari>«f ; <^itb Count Siicdrp* 

nor^. rhti a Tnr:iy t/'prr^ vfv DDkoaivn tn tkc apo^ic chcrths 
iftd J>b»afir£ 10 coalinn ih« opiaioo of the &v«djlh bMDO* vhUV. 

' fhii i:a1Ii up tkc Gr^ Avihgr iguD ( ud, id o/Jc/ to viikdjusp 
hiniptf. anl iii caoir, ^c pfef«au m with i publUinos i^jrr 

<|0^ bcf«t il vtV)' ^bc^mio, !'jE]£«.il ii yi*i^ kpfu-n to* iifx^J^i^^ */ 
jtrt/g if It/ •t%,ltw ft kttdto ««' ^v^A-r, B«c^ u^ tbc «J&a4au dU- 
uvcfA foatc iiiauphjficil dtiJiiy ^J ir«rfUPg Hwc-h m ilic (ubjo/l ; 
tsd ibffy hjt^, 00 the iiiki>[«, hdiaccMl ;hii jjr with a r«^j;nibJii 
dcf>ee«r lfnp«r aeJ cjfidivur, Y4I *i.i* f'cttr cvi<3eai» thit if 
^ev Allow (hcnrcUtfi tc f^fccrrd-^c^t pdTioak «riii tv >nterHl«d, 
i#o «i LAtb becD too £tf«{ ]: " - ^- 'tE>f4, ihf truUi wiU be iii4l40i[cr 

itorld B«y Unh#r *i^h th*>r ' - v^^. -^... . -T! j^ 

IBVC^ dffccrfd to filing, ih«L -r 

^<^r: ' ifc^uoncc [ahuaiin h^rfii^'''- 

t^Gol'p'', AA4\.i»cj\I«io i 

Th« ( ^^>* work f4v« «i a fAvotf^bU opoioa of l^ 

WifLcr. . iU I i^rr^.nf it «aJ bimiclt' an rcniiMc o«d c*t>* 

ii«jt term i i'L 

f: An h]9*y <in ih« im* 

If )lAVO foiJtU-i tlCiM of uU^iOII B»0fp 

?Lb«fal| Jklli -f>- -L-Eu tbm in: AEuinAl mrrtlv liy rffu^tltn^ 
ucici. arid ^Dmt^, a^rl .I'Tirkt ; xnu^^ Tiztnci ljI a.^ Aa4c»»^«fo« 
bc.Ci<in» ;o ktvc <-i: ^ t<w« AiiubZf 10 h^ <h^iAci : f i^ j 

bea^ivelicn^ iIiac ■' f^jr«/^a< {/' r^« ^w«<uwb, tlic 

f^^J«a «bkb he iki^*;v jv^t^utt. wiU rcu'intnruLi Ct]ri{ti«nii]r to 
iWiUfwHofiof i>Krrc Wbn hi*c bf«n dJT^^Acd b; the lU'tcw and 
pinilJ r«fM«l<nunooi n-hKh rvrn hive fo ofe^n £i*e«. 

Wr "nni>i Uf that i>t cititj iiWf Anf^'cnd ouj- ex|x8«tiont. 
T; 'irei wiuiCT ih^^i^nht an4^ attention, ihau, ^iWbs, 

(ii .... »*hkh fjc o4> fUi<^ wiMilS allow j ncUW, ^offt^A^i 

^1 MoMTHtT Catalogue, Thtilagy* 

u his miiy.\ (o wholly unfettered from human ihacklcs acd InfUtU' 
tiona a* ho maybe wilJing to appichcnd. He dwd!» greatly on 
the expcftaiions which had prevailed at all times among ntankiinl 
of facta a pcrfeA redemption as th^E for which he pleadi ; f upcfl- 
ations occafioncd* he iniimates, by diiine communication a to 
iheiDt of which we hai'e not now any knowJedge. Bui thougEi ho 
docs not ihoroughLy inv4:Iligaie the fubjeft, he appe.iri lo be a nan 
of fomc Uarpiogi and acquaintance with ancient writer^. His 
work, bowcvi^r, rrquiied rcvifaF. There are much better traCb CJb- 
tant, oa the fuhjeCt, 
Art' 78- A AhnujjtiKt U thePraife of thi Lprd*t Ga^dncfs^ anil 

CO ihc Memory uf cEe^^r EUza. CuLiningham. . PubliiheJ ,for Lbff 

Benefit of a charithblefniiitUEion. Svo, 6d. Trapp. 1785. 

1ti» nothing wonderfuE Uiat Mr- Newton Ihould beafi'efled bjr the 
Jicknc(i and death of a young perfon, niece 10 hi» wifl, orimprelled 
by the fuitable tpirit (he inigjii in luch circumJlances difcovrr; yet 
it doei not ncccli:n(/ foDow that the account IhouJd br made pub- 
lic ; howevf^ri if thia Jittlc U^ii dnc^ any good, it is fo (^i wdl. 
An- 79- -^ Vww bf the great Eventr if the Seventh Pia^ve^ «■ 

Peritd, tehin the- Myjitrj -if Gsti Jhali ^e finzfi^ed. Rev. x, 7. 

which compleio and a^Js Conhrnuiimi to an li^^pUnaiinn of tho 

S^Tven lalt Plagues, Uev. xv. xvL i^itely ofTercd to the Public. 

tty Robert Ingram, A. M. Vicar of Wortiiingford and Boxied id 

F.flcx, Svo. 6d: Rivington, 

This Author cantinuei hU enquiries ; but A'iih what fuccefs we 
"i^U! not dc^rmine. The fevenib plague, he fuppofet, hai refpeil 

Dillf. ^ ., 

LLviwIicjJ, ii<clup>«]ry, pi^riMftlcnl^ loJ, {% nuo-r wlUfteef *i 

ercd «iriuagf, ^1 

All- &?• Cmjt^nrtt ttntfiM^ tl^ S^aiaitt/ Fhiarf Ha^Ktfs:^* 

Tria lUud from tb« FrcMh %/t Aii^of- KoiurMf , oJ Orwvi, ^ri>« 

|«.^ ti«tJwt(t. ^ 

Tb^gh (lie t^cs« ^crr offcn«i to ll4 Public ar« WrcJ, tvhti i^ 

AatW uilU (hriii. Ct>«jodiiK>, t^«/ tir cuckcitcJ uidj I'mi) eit-^ 

4p«t Ibiffct «f tool Ivafr, ■« *cL #k '^ f It- iLi^] I -<■ u"iM '1 *' ' s-vf^^ 

fey ihoi^ Mrko iuve leanid tiw i^«(«: — .1 .. •^^w^^v-t^ >^vu4^ 

An. ^. TUdhhrfntfrh P rTtr lf rrtt Dr'^-'*" -^l-^sJ^ I« « 
Ltfttr CO the Ai*fci3f«cc cf nc. Af^»»^: i. i^y Kti R<. 

■i«fki on Dr PriciUj't ^c^n4 Lkkt. u- A^m^^f ?«i<ia, 
FiAsr qT «^ in4f pcJi^m Con^rcgMK-A i.X Ha<Jutt/. £ro. M, 

^Vi/ttt it cerum Ehn tbt pdaciplrvof .Cthia faue 1 fl^^^f^ con- 

d ni^Ht be of j(ttii napotUM,tf4 ai*i JU (f^ii ii cuj ibe u/W' 
[iBcl «f« Are wtilJ (KifiUiici (he v^triticr ^f (hit f an^'tt'ri ifon tot 

■ oa, <iii «c««nt cf ti« (uilUJcfi idiuvc to 
> inhi^h IV. Koribr hu i^tWa, s^d bit «i^e. 
,aiU»t] ai^ t^vi.- lACTf, &c. Ju [lilt very bljmv- 
■ ' roi mm. whi> ^|Wa:c ffom (he fftaUlft- 

'' uiidcj ot £iitb, v<fy di£treail>tfiii 

(bf DiiT. 

roH p&c! rrif r 
flten( dl tkitC' 
initifttiii, " 
link t^«i «=.' 
ue, Aa ^c! li 

CAJ^iaElb, even 

.ec*wcd t*x ibcif *DC«Jf ; hot Uicy 

..^u (hcnajtntyot U«UiiicaEcn we flilf 
tc< pEvfcni ti-y. In tt'ii in-j on /gac oiha 

■^pififi CO h*tr iri^ »!*, [ Ufir.— Irii:':- J it-m^y grotraJj^ be fa-', 

bf bBi»ui AuiboriTj. iviib cclwc ixslct u(J /wn* im^ideii ncrci/ 
b^-iba ovii po««r. 

R fft 10 roct. 

Alt. S5. "Ck^AmD^/itfnpef aj«^/«^«i/'<m«y3r /k^^^ IliDO. 

J*,- Rivingtoui:. ijS^. 

Bir<r. IT :[.f ^^-i;':!- t ho iibi«BlXM vf cudTntJD^ si 'r.jc(AiiV. ^ 


S E K Itt H t. 

dircflldnf csn=itroda» atry eflrft, Tome other mode tnnA bft uAtfc 
The miferab^c natr of the negro flavesis ill Tuiced lorenire the doc- 
trines of Chri ft. Where the body is haraficil with labour, ftiipei, 
and wane of m^ny oeceflanes of life, the mind ctnnot duty it- 
rrnd to matters that do not much relieve bodily fafivnngi, Th9 
firll lie p to convert chefc mJfcTahle wretches, would-be co ^rftnC 
ihem ihcir liberty, sad fuffer them to emoy the Eemporal bcncfiit 
which our ejcctfllcfit re^tgion U capable of bellowing. The mafUra 
cf thcfc oppnilcd people fc em, themfdvFs, tO be in Qltich want of 
Chriftian inllruflion. The precepts, ' Do unto all men as ye woald 
(hey fliould do unco you \' and * From iheir fruits fhall yc .kauui. 
them ;' being duly praflifed, would Ihew the negro flavea, ihat 
companion and benevolence are the effefls and tbe fruits of the. 
CfarilHaq difpenffltion ; and they will then have good reafoa to 
adopt fo advantageous nnd To benign a fyflem. 
— 1 — ^ , < — ■'--■' ■ I ' 

L Preached at Chnll Church, J^ndon, Sept. zt, 178^, before 

(he i ord- Mayor and Governor! of the fcveral Royal Hofpical^. 

By John Prince, A. B. Vic:ir cf Grays, in Bflex, and Leflurer 

cf St^ Mary, Aldermanbury, London. 410. js. Rivingtons. 

This difcoorfe is entitled, ThtChara^tt ef King E4-uiurd the Sixths 
* Tc will noi, I trud,^ fays the Author, * he deemed improper for a 
Chiillian preacher, and it cannot be unfuitable to the diiy, to pay 
a juH iribuie of refpccl to the meinory of the iLlnllrious founderi' 
A^^ordinj^ly Ed-ivard^s chiiM^cr is here picjfinj^ly and jullly drawn^ 
rcmarkablrr, Lha; Ttrvme Canaan, i faoiODj luliau pb^^UL4Pi 

S t K M O N f * 


For IB aceO«B<of tV^Iifcoiirrc above ni«flnDn<d en hntJnt\n\ phJ. 

»(<ipbf. Sic. we ttffr ihc re^dtff to the rcvmcy-f^ro^J volume df 

[jic Rfvk*, p. ^^Q- Thii ff ronoft ia Ml «nckd loilJuAfJlc chefAme 

ifioni a^i gOHjdncri cf C><^J iri the animal oi bruial. irhich the 

^Author pai(iit% hi? fLi^>;pJk In wa iEgrnicwi itvI apfrtable manner i 
aftJ wo auv f^y, n wti tmttJ (^nctroirj; ih«pn«ir piibJicx(7Cii, ibtt 
■n'hfrtfr*T |ic:ic p?ti.)U'i(y thtta m^y b« ii tliU aHccc'i ai^d* of 

Iir cvp-^cmon. the rciJff wilf ii^tvic ihis tintirr, ii wcU *> 
A ^lii* ctlriniHutl fiifcourk fron Ephcf. iii> n. Thf AuUior 
*3<!oaiK mc^ijTi i«cLI. dnU wifTict (v prumuEc the cJuCr ofpi^^j And 
*imp ] bui ir men be ifcofdm^ tn Kii ntri-icdUf mrihnJ: h« i^ 
jy*** ofcitow ia hit li^«tI, wlfB he fiyi in llic fo]Ii>*iog nOtt I ' 1 
ttDoIJ alL, ov ■vhii kfipiunl ^rounJ (ho <OJidii^ cf r^m< pcrfbna 
rin be vit)JJ<ft:(d, who, hbilc iLry Uv pc<vlUr flicfi or The 4oc* 
nine of (h:<ioflcincat, dit ncvenfctlfA vnin in ChtiA^ii ffllobif^lp, 
or fbrm ocaneAinvi rqolvitrM iHrrfio, nith thofe vho oppi>fe ih» 
dojbinr, or who f»<» le* have *o icfra of iti imporUpc»." Tbiidou 
no< «|»pear >« •< m be ciAitcd b^ To cAtKolk ot ChnAh^ t fpirtt u 
we «im to r«< in a n^niiirr of iht gofpr?^ li UtOit u if men l«il 
fn fome cifiuli'lt prta::prn to l»rn. Let <11 Hklio rrrptfi tie inte* 
rtBiof rrfi^iim anLi« ^^^4uUv \n lit e*v(e, tnJ t4 the rtain f# of 
brotkerly-lo'/e, ho**ter ih*^* miy titd teafotk to va^^ ia TcounieAt 
c« 6*»« Mrtlcolcr poivir, or f>me i;xpJic*tioo5 oT r<npC[ir« f 
^ V. Tif^ £rtrvi:y e//artrr PiMjhmtXit. I^rMchcd bc^rc the Unirff. 

■ fitT i>f Oitv iJ. tir S^. Mzr^'f. Apdl a, i^tl By Ifxu CtOBck, 

■ m!, Al ViccPretliMtorM. KdmaniTiHRll. '411X i«. RiviDS<^ 
H to«f, i^, 

H Wo in«t inCk n^xWr^ in ibii dircoorre tW cifli ncjf If^kr «pon 
^P t^ isbfc^ tm tfrhiiK it treats, or ih^l ifliilt ui in tlesriitg the dlf- 
' tc^Itin wWiiik elug ihl4 aftK'> er rtrr cnhrtdox ereni. 

Vf. Ocfancn^ by the n»th of tr=r Utp Ttx^r Wiiftm. Efq. of 
L Grav't Un i ppueb«J in Silt^er :);rect> Londt>ii, Julv x, ijBOi the 
I LiM^'» Dav aTur tu Dcccal:. By Thorn » Toller, trtk 6(J. 

H Thf dlTcmiHe U folrablr Ti^chf ocnCoat Irgtw^ihtgh, wtAv^t 
^m Jg rtt »w, jul^ account orihcdPc«ftM, vho^ r«r|¥ rcmoiil, in cW 
^P sU Tfarci hii <^, arKiidH > pfoper ooporici-iTtx 10 rrcMani«ad % 
^^ conltiai md aAdvo^* KttmJtncr to the Kft^rtnofs ao4 unccrtwAty of 
hfoofl lifr. The ten ii y^T-v* i*, i|- ^ 

VH. pfnchcJ befeM rhr HhHol Marine Soring b i}i« Cftibednl 
Chun* or itrtOof, Ai-(;ci4 I, 17^, btfiA^ thoir asnuJ g«p«niJ 
MtrtJBf. by T^n)» Pu^yit A. VJ. Chdplaiu in OrdinA'r ;o 
111 MiLJelly, &c- 4tii. i»- Brillul pfiiacj, iaJ foM by Oi:iJ|;a 
in Lcwdoc^ 

TkL» toodabk InfUcoEiort h»h foaad 1 tntoot adroc«i« in Mf>< 
Poftp, ftfho w«r«lf M<£t« bii heflrvr> to rollow the prcccp: of 
S ahwiao-r' ^^' ■*'>' M^ i^^ V^ 'roa ih^n ta ihlioin it li jtf ?i "V^ 
ft ai U ikf jtontaof ihUc land iod<i ik' 

f 96 ) 

T9 the Mot;THLr Kevieweai. 


* A S there is 4n error, which I appTehen(} has been typonumericafi 
in page 351 of yoUr MoAthly Revknr for Novemlier ^aft, aad 
u h 13 not corrected in your December Eumber, give me leare u 
advife you orit. 

* Vou metiiion thnc 10 kannea are t-vaflly cgud t04oroarwme 
gallons, or 1 kannc to i-J- of our wine pititi; jc fliould have been 3^ 
of our wine pinu : and aslhavc made the prepandon, I lind that uic 
latrer proportion m^kcs a complete fbl ution of the vCtnic with £xed 
atcalz^ And which 1 ' pint woaLd not do, ' 

1 auij Gentlemen, ' 
HERUiTAf:e» I Your obliged reader, 

Jan. iS, 1787*5 Tho\ Wjllis/ 

*B* We are ot>1iged to Afr. Willis for the foregoing letter j but 
if he wiU taLe the crouhte of looking agnin into the Review for De^ 
cember, he will find, p. 478, a cor/edUoo of the error in queAiofa. 

4'4- A corrcfpondent informs us that Mr. Acland took the him of 
h\i plan [SrL- p. 6c of thi& month's Review] from 7%^ i?Mi of ft^t^ 
Crtapttn. 1: may be fo; but we have not that book dow at hand. 
^ome account was given of it in our RcvicWt vol> Ixxiv. p. azS. 

X\X Th^ fcdcr fiOBi ly g ^oMji julUj claims our rrfpeflfiil at- 



For FEBRUARY. 17S7- 

Air. I. It* J" Brt*^ii i*ii;ifi^ me^trat'-Of tnodctn Faliiicti Otco' 
maokf, A fahJtmcuEjJ DiCcourfe cm Pcipu1«Ic>xi. Svou 6t« 

THIS diri;QtKr*on|>o^IationdonnotembniceEbrqi»elf£oa^ 
fo *ifinly i^iiiied of Uic bciwern Ur. I'rice tod hii op^ 
iMiefiUf *boiii fhc fNrHcnt tmount of tlic popubrlon of Giest 
fima^n; irs object i> ta ^erdope the^nn-al caufei tbit rtnd td 
t^FeQ ihc p-?puiiiiDn of counuieA as originitini^ fram diRcrent 
(jftrmt of pcliikil Acociomf. 

Our Ajtfior (who rub»f<ribc» thr Ofdictilon* J £mjj XVL 

Af^ ^r FraKfff HEttfie»;scHWAKD}, b)c# ill ot^r whtetf 

on th\% fubj^^, B^Umcf, It i ft>ntf«mcBi»l maxioiB (Hac popu* 

UiioQ mitff, in all ctttrK ^ ciiCMmfcilbcd by tht nttiu% of 

^bAfWiifc whrch ivinkind on procure in the coaritry tfhich 

^ ilry mhxbit, — ind ihiC thU wit) be grritrr cf Icfi, fojl and tlU 

B*^t b*iti;C th« faiVM, la llM dilFcrcni It^i^ of ibi projtrHi of 

^boCKtr fi03> rvdcncft 10 rc-fir<oxi^t< 1'bc humiii ficc, be ob* 

Hlfrvn, «ra found 00 tfr furficc of <hr «ir[h under ihfcc pnnci-- 

^pU nodo of affbcittion* which divide thsm inio (hrcr ditlmft 

rkSri, vh~ people who i'lrc by bvvung-^hy graxSn^, at hy nr/. 

ihHtm£ ili fill. Ho IhCTtfoft bcfin* bj confid(fir>g what »tt 

^ rihf dp^oM of po^i\ttlo^ of vhiLTb e>ch of ihefe thtcr gr>od dU 

Kvifio0« of the bunuji r»M tre fufc«p4ib(«« 

^ The cUEs of HaxStTSt iivinr only on the fpoMancoua pttidtTc* 
t>os* of the c^nti, and ibe idb of vri(d a^imtij, htve but 1 pre> 
C4n<]«» and fouicy fublillcijcri «nd ihcrcforc kdnitc o^^vfiy loir 
df^rte of popa^xion i ind at they maft necrffiihly ^ much djf> 
pCffed (hioufb a Wild cowmrir, ih<ir <ffj({B in wir mud he 
ftebTr, fo At to pftvcnt iftrm fro«» rvxr hrcommg rtic con^uerort 
of ibe aittoni whicfi furro^nd ihcm : the boun<9< o4 their lenl* 
IcMtu ffiuA ihcic/oic conrinuilly be tliniiHkfliiri^t riibctf U)>n en* 
eitafiiif, wh4a ihe)r are limaied in Ihe neighbourhood of mf 
faktyof men futher AdvAit<cd in civjli^lion ibii) thcoifcfvts. 

Thcc^ifi of GrtfSitfrr, or, %f (hey irc ufiijDy tbo4i|;h in^pTo- 
frnlr oLird, ShfsfarJi^ htrifig alvravi u band tHc dtMbtUic «e\v* 

98 Hcrrcnfchwand'j Modern PoUtkal Oiconomj* 

mals they rear, which chcy ukc care never to extirpate, but to 
muhjply 2s their wants require, or as the vegetables their coun^ 
try produces can fuflaint find thcfr fuRenancc not only tug- 
mcnted in \\% actual quantity, tiut ^\(6 rendered of greater fer- 
f [ce, hy being ac all times within' their power : fo that ihey arc 
nc^ilher obligi^d lo allow it to go to wafle at one time, becaufe of 
its cafual ru|>erabubdance, as mufl often happen ivith thofe who 
live foleJy by the chace ; nor to fulTer a total want it another 
time, 4s hunters cnuil fometjmes dOi Add to this, aJfo, thaC 
they have al all times (he milk of their flocks, which affbrdiper^ 
haps a greater degree of fuflcnancc to man than even their fieffa, 
and it will appear plain that the poi>u]ation of ftich ■ fociety id<- 
mits of being much greater than that of the former. Thcic 
graz.iers being, moreover, obliged freqttenily to Alifi their place 
of abode, to ftnd frefb paflure for their numcroui herda %oA 
flockf, become accuHomed to a wandering life, and to live in 
tenis, or other moveable habitatroni ; and as they alwayi carry 
their provifions along with thetn, they can eafify engage in mili- 
tary expeditions of greit extent, and To become a warlike people* 
c-apjbic of aniioyiog every neighbouring nation. Jt is thus, adds 
Mr, H- thit fuch a people, placed in the fccoifd rank in the 
grand divillon nf the human race, maintained in pa^t by natui*, 
and partly by their own labour, half barbarians and half clviliicd* 
cKflit thcmfclves foontr or liter to the £{fl jank, and become na- 


(ftrrenrthwand'j M^dirn FaSrkvt O/rfinjffjr. Q7 

TiMd i atiiJ tfr«« to enf 4ge ihe occupicn of liiid o produce fv&* 
ftftmce to fhff 1^'hok nation* 

- The lirfl of ihcfc r>ffe<n^' id^s hr, < it a ryflen of ^ttue 
ffj^Var/nKTv ( it i*at ihM oF »nckat Rome. Tbe frcond li a f^- 

ilut of Lice<tciron> The thWri U a fyfl'm of aiti'Icultufe n^U- 
ti^, ro«i^ed on t /fjfmt #/ mni^/a^urfi : U i» that of the na- 
iHMia ol" moricrn Karopc/ Our Authw then procwdi to om- 
fidff, in orcifr, each of thefe fcparafC ryflrmv, and to point iHit 
the adtrantizci aod defers to which thcT >ic fcrcully {ob- 
JearJ. ' 

Ffom ihii fhort «DiUtii the R«adcr wM ;>7rccii« that this !) 
I »«lif)(lira1 fyltenuHc imiife. We will ad^, that the trrai^e- 

tfv fc*(oniP^ fiamril ind p?rfpicuo<3r, and x^c concl\i(iofii aie 
gvArrdI/ df^tKiblc Tfom ihc pftftiifest^wc vrovid therefore 
annnly recommemi ii r> the jounj^er pjrt of nut ReidfT^, as a 
■noH cxc«9E«Ai invrodttSor^ trealire on the fci«nce of poliiiol 
economy, bad we tn>t frequcmly occifian to rcinaik that the 
Aathof if apt t& iflUme, uJeia^ principi^i ihit r«qatie 6<0 to 
be I>rovcd, maoy of which bHa£CTroDC0u4» Ehou|;h fcriuinj:]^^ 
ti firll, of fmflll ifnpcntftre, yetlead ai lift i^ crrclufi'>iH that 
ifeliifihly pcrrtcious- Like the htc iagfniouiSir Jame^Sccwafii 
vJiofc fjfteoi hwi evidently inPvfncrd his noilofif, Mi< M. h*> 
founded hi) rfflero rather on rpcctilairve nptnioiif, and abflfa^ 
rrc^in^t than on a^uxl cbrnvatioiis of mcit liid (hrntri ; hence 
be hit reared t fuperl^fuclure Uiat, vitien foptrlicially vie««<t| 
appeara bciatiful >nd >rcfl proporitof»t<! Ja all its pa'Ht but 
«b»ch, «h«n ne^FCT exifnlncd, fi foimd to have no >dii>] arehe" 
t^pe m niiitfe i f'? chat ihc pr^^tctl rutes deducibTe from ihia 
iH^rt can \t> tew cafes be applied la the vty'A ^titiin which 
r^kfift awong (ninkJrtJ, withogc phMlucir-g difoKJcn, po^blf 
[frjier than tbnfc ihty were immded lo remove. 

We lie aware ihxE the Aatboe iray arguv that hie pr>ncif^ 
tieliimanyc«fe«a«o«cdly hypoiheltciV, and chat the Reader oiiy 
mtk^ proper al]oitrane«f on ihal account t tbit in ether caf« 
f*dt are aflumed i» i b>Ii4 fo* rcafoaingt vrjch rc[^>rd to which 
a iialc male oi lefs cannot 9fFr& the force of the argument. But 
wt may he allowrd to remaik, ihii alihoogh this be gra;itcd, «« 
llill inwt th^t chi< mode of r«fi>ning ti, of nil oiher*, the »oi 
hibk to ibule, and cterefor; extremely improfcr to be adopted 
■4 a trrilifV on fuch a ntce and intricate fabjed n the fcirM:c of 
palrt>c«I crronooiy I for ihe reader iantfetridy apt, dtiriirg ihr 
Bwfc of I lon^ G.Saui of rtafoniag, to forget the litnit^tioEt at 
firftpvt tfihi* v»eW|Snd to cor *^Jrrrho<e thmgMi^^^^iV.V which 
fUf;'^ '3 be confidcrcd it rfltlivf. Nor ncc^ wc pto4'*Kc 

, g-fj proc/f t>/ fhrspotifton ehui in tbeboe^Moi^ 


joo HcrrenE^bvind'x Modtm PoUthal Orcvumyi 

Vff, in wbkH the tfTgeniovs Author himrelfobTioufly, on imii7 
octafions, lofcs ftght of the diflJnftionA which occaiioDcd theft 

Thcfe obfervilions prcmifed, vc (bi\\ proceed to give tbt 
Reader Come idea of the fuccceding parti of tbii work* 

In treating of focieties which have adoptfd the fyflem of agri* 
tullurt ahfolttte^ he makes many remarks on the circumftancea 
which would a0>£l the community when it came to have an cx- 
cefE of population^ and the means neceiTary to be adopted for 
guarding againfl the ills which that would produce, all of which 
^ouLd probably be jul^t could a cornmunity be found who 
a^ually did adopt, in the Arid and rigorous fenfe of the word, 
that fyAem of agriculture here treated of: but we mufl beg leave 
to obferve, that fuch a communiry never yet appeared on the 
globe, and, from the natufe of thing^i, never can be found oifr 
It; fo that the cafe is emifcly hypothetical. Man ia fuch aa 
inventive fuppic animal, that let pulilical fchemers advife what 
fyflems they pleafe co regulate hig conduS, be will, in all rafei, 
break through them whenever cjrcumflancea render it ncceffary % 
and will, in a gradual and imperceptible manner, remove tbofe 
Inconveniences which any arrangement haa produced, in fpite of 
evnycfFort to prevent it. Let a country, therefore, be divided 
among lib jnhabitantE in ai equal a manner ai poGible, atid let 
kl be prnpc/cd Lhat each mdividual family ftiall cultivare iis own 


Mcmtifilivand't AUdr^ P*Sti(iti OKtntaj, loi 

objefU. According Eoihc fyftrqi i>ftf^*r»Jriirr ahfiluU, tl^t* 
fi«icd by OUT Aiiitaor, tvery noiri jAuft be ihff mai»«'»£luf« of 
■11 tl>r r-rccfT^rici hr w^nta^ >iid Ciifi' bi na cjfc obum inclc nc- 
cdljrjeft from inciher ^ brit, in ib« ccrii^'ji^ bunaaa ifjirv, ic 
muft Tvcr bippcn thi: fomr mJiri<JuiI)'K>c4.grc*ur fcrdncr* 
fnf ttcirking at crrfiin kioit of in*in>r'*duff,xKiii mhcr>, »nd 
wh4t df'Kc fan be fofntil tc preveai oac mait^'V'hoh*! apccu* 
lUf mrn fiv Ubourtug m tht fje\A^ ioA who fFrU~bimfrlf*iverfo 
to WMktn^ II th« for|^, Ui'tn triing lo obiiin rrcm.^no|b«r, 
vbd <«kc) t^kffuic la ihc himmer ind ii>vil, fomc ef ibc,^c^- 
fuy impl«<nrn|. of l4b<>ur» bjr parting Wjth ii rnuch of thf-(f/c*H 
^ucc of hU Eifldt ai he cao (pare f In ttiii Krinncr ii n^vfl bttp- . 
prri lh«i f<>«^r imlivkdjili in n-^iy cooimiiiMCjr cinr^C M t6 '> 
txchinQc ibf produ^ of one kit\J of I«^)our for thtiAf ol ancthcr 
kind ; bai ihr monivnt fuck in Pichirge taken p'^«t tf*<! fociciy 
n oo if>n;cr un<l«r a 'yOrm o' aj^ricvlturc a^JskUt bat uniltir 
i^«t ffftcirr whkh oar Auihor JeitoiTjtnim r4lr!fvt jgriculiuic^ 
fd«AiJ<<[ oil a fjftroi of jrinufiflur*!. Lvcn in i*tr rudf!! A4£C9 
o/ foctcry, before R>oncy M45 kn'iwn, inj c;e joy Jif^io^iur of 
riokt pri*Taikd TO thr C&oimuiuiy, tbcic Ehjng' Tni>fl riapp«D j 
bot in ■ Coinn«nf»y whfrc oicncx w*» kno^n. *^(rc diftmc- 
tiofi% of rank pftvjiiTt<f, 9fid whnc wrilth and pc\etiy wttt fa- 
ttiliir wordi, men muft Icir>^ h«ve deputed Jir Iron that idcil 
f;0em nvbiihuur AueAot (Crn^^mioatcs ^^oitturt ixhfi^tt. E?o«ie, 
Ihrreto'r, even vrtder f>pr firtl >(;d le^^bl ^ovcrnmenip iruft Ktvc 
^^ncii i*t fnim (Kii f^Jlnr ; fur Rurnr, e^'f ti ihrn, wai 4 ^^ity, 
tui rhe erikt^ri oiuft b< tjp{:oitcd by the labour o; otJ^r meo* 
RoEoe bid Miifji, who mjtl hive been ted trid clo<ticd b/ ihe 
tite«r of otbru ^ the Rooit'ii had irnii, «>d (hek m^A bav« 
bevn fA^ncaicd \^y ^tuUt^i^ All then th«( <in he fjid on ihii 
fvbjcd 11, ibit one niiion n^ay approaeh nnrcr to tba ftfleni 
tbao another, but ihii 10 cteiy lLuiTi«a /octcty tlkci^ inatl be « 
murure of ibe dilfrtvni kindi. 

O^r Author enEcr» inioun cJ^bo^aie diTufflun of ibe qucHioo, 
whccivcf Jl woL«[d be itnrf 01 left idvAnr^eowi fjr j lution A^icb 
flkoati adopt a fyftcni o' 9^saJtmr* d^fditrif^ to divide ihc Jou of 
Itnd ioto Uifc Of ^mI) lii^rJionai and givc» tbe p^cfneoce to 
Ur|e^ * Tbe divifioft of Und/ fap he, ' ania imtW Ia9, ii ib« 
fiTotKJfe fyflrm ot *erfii number of petlon* who hav« written on 
potttica' JTroncfiiyi Hui chii fy Item don (im appear lit br I'ut^cirni* 
iycoe£der«d, c^en id ibecjk 9^ ntiigins jKird/ ai^rieultuiAlf and 
tancMiMUcnd itiofuch n^liuus wuuIiJ bciOAjvife t'lcm lo bniig 
upon ihemtVlvcj, the fnore (juieEc^y^ Enifcry ind deicUlion.' Tjvo 
tf^uncnti, bovcucr, ibiE he produto in fuppua oE thii opinion, 
irad ofllr to Ibew tfast if i^e whole furfiee of the tcriitijr^ b« 
OLcup4cd at lance, the pop^Taiion will (oonct Eupertbouod ifcwk 
ltmi}j rcccins a fota).' lot of Un6, than if it rccctitd a Ut^ct*- 

^ ^ a ^i^\ 

loo H<rr»fehwind*/ Modim Po^ik^ Oittitimfi 

ll>4 in which the irfgeniotts Author hiTrrdf obviouOy, on nriilf 
occafions, (ofrs ^ghc of the diilindioni which occafiooed thcfc 

Thcfe obfervBEions prenrtfed, wc (ball proceed to gm (h« 
Reader fome idea of the fucceedlng pafta of ihji worlCi 

In treating of fccietics which have adopted ihe fyftein of ffgri* 
€uhurt ahfilute^ he makes many remarks on the circumnances 
which would afirf^ the community when it came to have an ex- 
cefs of population^ and the means neceffary to be adopted for 
guarding againft the ills which lh>t would produce, all of which 
would probably be juft, could a community be found who 
ai^ually did adopt, in the Arid and rigorous fenfe of the word* 
that fytlem of agriculture here treated of: but we mud beg leave 
to obfervf , that fuch a communiry never yet appealed on the 
globe, and, from the natufc of things, never tan be found oa 
ii} fo that the cafe is entirely hypothetical. Man ia fuch an 
inventive fuppic animal, that let political fchemers advife what 
fyfiems they pleafe to regulate his condud, he will, in all cafcit 
break through ihem whenever circumAances render it necellary ^ 
and vi/ill, in a gradual and imperceptible manner, remove thoft 
inconveniences which any arrangement has produced, in fpite of 
evA-y effort lo prevent it. Let a countiy, therefore, be divided 
among its inbabitani^ in at equal a manner as polTiblc, and let. 
ii be pjopofed that each individual Fjirnly iball cul^ivire us <*wn 



Mcireofchwind*! At^dfra Pt^timi Ot€4nmj. i«t 

O^cOt, According to ihc fjftcQ* 'ci,apiiukurt d^yUnfr, " <l<- 
&i>rd by OLjr Aaitior^ ewry man .rfiuji be th* minufiflBfcr of 
All thr rtec«fr»fio he winu, *n^ c^ft'oi QO cilc obtain tncTc nc- 
cctfuif-i ffi^m 4n/ithrr ; bur, in the i^oii{fi'j!^ hurrao ^ffitf, it 
>iv6 rvtr happen Cbkl {oci^ ^ndividwAls'rtJfrflif^rCAifr ft^fidncr* 
fnf wc'tksiig IE ccfiaio Liiidi of nungfd^jrp,<lttUk oih4i>> tod 
wh4i iltv:Te can be formed io prcvenf cne nuir/trtiohit ipccu- 
bu lufR for l«bo«rin|£ tfi the ficM, an^i who fedi't^imfclf-ivcrrt 
tovorkiog ar the forgr^ irc^m trying t(» obiiin frofTL^nojItcr, 
vIh> i«kes pk4'urc m ihc l^iinivifr «riJ «n>i], (ctnc of it>4,^c^* 
Cu^r imnlrf»rni< of It^titry by iMrrin^ ^ii^ >t n^ich m' ttiN^flft***, 
ducc of hit {i«^)di »t he cm ipirc .' Jn ihit, mnncr it iiufl h3»^ , 
^a tb4E fon^ indiTidLi4lf in every cAaimuniEf c«q»9( ful k3 ' 
nechjn^tf (b« prod^^^t oi one kfiJ o' Uxmt Tor thcfcftf jfioiher 
biwf : but the oioment fuch in exchjr^c ukc« p!i(e, the roci«)r 
n no inrr^cr ardfr i lydt-m oi igtiCulCcre AJ/»/iiJf, bot andtfr 
th*x (if&vm which our Auitior <J«oaaiin4tcs r/Lr/tv ^gficuUirre, 
'oundrii on a ff ftrtn ctf w^nittt^uttt, £ren in ihr rud«!^ ^'gv* 
e'focidy, b;^rore vtoney w»t kn^WD, and crc «ny diAiii64icr of 
unki firrvi:le(l in ihf coirmumty^ \heh lAJii^i mufl hipprn ; 
W m a comriiujury whtrv ironty wii l;«OiiD» where ifiliinc* 
ijcni o^ rjnk pdvailrJ, irJ »hfre wolth and porcity were fa- 
mitUr wor^s, n>eo null l^ng have dcpiiied fir Irom that ideal 
lyico ftbivhuai Aiiibor dcrijminarcs of^iutturt *h^MU* Ron^c, 
ihfTdiare^ e^en under h^f ^rft and ttgA ^overri«neri, ir«ft Save 
dqwrcei far f'otn t^t) iyflcm \ for Komc, c^cn ihrn, wa» a cltyt 
and ihs citiKrrt mu(^ he ri)[ipni;ifd hy xhe tahonr ni oihrr fnco* 
Rqcne bid MJifrl, who muh have been ^nl atid clothed b^ tbe 
bbour i>f oibets i th^ Romani haJ aririv, artd [bcfc aiuA hire 
keft fabftCAieJ by tmrana. All iben ih^l can he faid on rhit 
r>bjeS itf ibat 04W ntiioo iray aji]>roact) ficartr lo ihia ffrtcai 
ikm anoiher, bet ibit In evefy human fociety there oiufl bt a , 
ot-Jiluic iA (be diffeicni kicida. 

Out Aut(>or entrn irMoin chhoratcd;!^ uiBoa of iheqvcfbon, 
wbctft^r K wouhl bt cnorroi Itft advA(itMU<ou> for a nation which 
ftoufd addpi a fyflevi oi w^riatiiMra si/toitff to ditiiJe iltc Ion ot 
Jtftd iaro Wgc or fmall divilk>o*i and (C^*^ ''^ pr«fcren<c lo 
llf|C. * The diviiion o*' Jacd/ f^yi he, * initi fmiil Lu. ii fbc 
fii^MrJfe ry{(emof agreainufrber of pcrfociawhofiavc wfitt^nov 
fod'ttcaV cccijnHJmr ( bui (hb(yflc<it i>oc4n<i:a;7peariobe lufficicnc- 
ly (EUtfidered, rvcn in tbeciff? oT naiium pvltly i^'^culiuraT, arid 
t^modocnd LttofuCh <iatii)^9 <v(^uki bcioajvtfc them co briitg 
apon t**cmCrtii«| tHf tnc.jr t|iiLCkIy, mifrry and deioTaiioa.' The 
iv^nenti, however, that he producer iit f jppcit u4 tbi» opinitHi^ 
trod onlj to &rw that if the wh^tle farfacc of the teniE^iry be 
occvpM >C OACc, the ptipufaiioo wtll Ibcfier ru^«rabound if cm^ 
fmlj^ iccchrcA afmalliot of Und, ihar^ j.' it rcccitcda\ii^t:f— 


102 HcrrcnCch wand's Ahdtrn PoIUitai Ottaumy, 

s prop ofii ion that cannot be't&iibted; but it can be 3s little 
doubtedt that if the fupcrablijid&nt Eemcory be at the beginning 
rcJefvcd Co as Co form neflFlh^Cs as the inhabitanCB lDcrea&, tbcfe 
will furnifh food and'^i^loyment to the people as long a> if it 
bad been originatf^'<dlvided into large loia. Thus, fuppofing 
1000 faotilies^niDuid take poiTcflion of a territory that contained 
9C00 acret, aH^-that it was known that three acrts wai fu£Bcicnt 
to maintaiii f. lamiTy on an average^ what difference could U 
make, *tC it were divided originally into a thoufand lots of thre« 
acces'eacll, refcrving the furplua 6000 acres, or into a thoufatid 
itjp^ehrifiing of 9 acres each ^ In either cafe^ the whole lerri- 
*t«ry would be fufiicient to fuftain the whole of in inhabitanit 

,' bDiil its population increafed to nine ihoufand families, Uld«tt0 

' nkore I where then is the difFcrencc ? 

That Itaie of political exiftencct which our Author calla a 
fy{tem of rehtivt agriculture founded on a fyftem of Aavery, it 
marly as impofliblc 10 be found among men, as the former ; but^ 
unfortunately, as Slavery implies a want of freedom in a con- 
fiderable pr}ftJon of the agents^ it is not altogtthtr impoJSble to 
exill for fome time at Je^ft- The laws of Lycurgus, if ^^y 
human inflirulion could efTi^ft it, were calculated to do it, and 
did indeed fupport it for fome timei but even thefe inflexible 
laws weie at lafl obliged to give way to human appetites, and thii 
pure fjf^em of agricultural flavery was annulled. 

RtrrcafthvniU'^ AUdtm F^iiit^i OM»<wdtr>. iQ| 

wbtr« the fl«Ttt it •mched to iha foil, im) xnr^%UnM^ witb tc 
MX tfcc uiE] gf 111 okvnrr. Thii diffcf» frirtn tht jncicni Jliv«r)-t 
JMobr«rv«i, child/ m thtt— ' Th« Qiir, pfopvily fo C4flt^t ii 
A Atve u/iata-, tnti the oihsr 3 Aitc pr»im^t\ 4nii (I U ihi» f*ut 
p<iDM»llit^ fh«t man hii i^atoll hi»r>;H, wKkh oiii:?! bimcoo- 
ViiimUv for thftt fooiKr oc Utcr h« vhl be icpnTfjofihi; ffuic 
o/ hii iibour, wh^hcppo^) the|r»icft obAtfclej lo ibepiogreb 
of lAdvfirf in »ibitf«ry it'^rcrnnieot*/ 

7*l]ii rcnuiric vrr^r proprr'j prrcrdct the blloiNirg icftcifliofla 
on ih# prrl«ot poliikal {y%em of Ruffia: 

' Then ciiiU,' fiy> be, ' ia Europe, or nOta ixt Ok r^rih^ 4 
cotoU fiftLf . ahicfi ^ifcmen the nwli pr-iifc-WDfilij incrniiunt fur 
tic Idpplreit oricipropk. mi *vh{ch nk* ih« grcaipfl n«rli<^ni i<% 
tniroducv iDfJuflryt aod aabe Je ficuriib Amon* ihem | but cia th4C 
fau ftrioudr bclieie, tbRi ui^di^r the mo:t uhttruy ucnu iKc mo- 
fos coliijCAl irc>?CLDin> tau be ap^lUiblt to in UDli;irmc<I cidfa of 
peopk, in piri huntrr^ and to pirt jMiicxi* itcJ. in :hrJr 'try ^^tb- 
dl point of ir»pfOT*incnr, a^rfculinril^i aa^rt n iVrlein rf fiavcry? 
Tbt ^rcsi tKo«fAgnn«Bti <vh:<h ihit fLatt Eitilhpi for iht auoin- 
pltftttcor of ]t> «if1w>i may »dccd drjw to '^rr ltran)*c(t fur & 
f>£«fiint, buc neither ike cumplcofiibcre l:(d»cri>. iu,fb<roHii 
propcf racA^u/D, »i]] be abl« m make b^Jng inprdficcii on her 
pcop^, while Ibf Hal] ptitfiM h<r plan apbn pnacipJfi lo iiMgLlu. 
t«d in fucJi monJlfotfi ciocn^n**' 

Bat whv* oietbod could fo fooQ tend Co enlighten both iho 
gofrrnmrnt ind Uie people u the coni<evriii<:4i of meo who h^d 
htrn iccud^mrd to know «nd lt> rtltlh tlii: r«^G« of [ibcfly ia 
loorber country ? 

Oiif in^tntouft Author, juflly eonfijeriitg that the foregoing 
folil'rt'il mftiiulloni tjn bf but lirilc <utcrcflin^ to mudrin icad* 
en, appropruto ibt grc«EHt p*fl of hii b^:*k to (hp corfi^erj- 
boo of that plan of trtonamy «bich » adhered tu by mo(t of 
ilie oatpc^Tt of modern Europe, and which he deou<niaaU9 ft 

tb(t pi't of h;t n'ork^ "^K Jcquiftctuo* taVe a wid^ '*"^'<? 
CbAD io the runner^ oor dum be here coolinc hurifcTf iv th^M 
ipcicitUtiom wbkh rrlicc imitkediaiely ta ibr furJ-iTl of pc^jJdlA- 
bMit butt eo«fi^ifig that every thifi|t '•bicb cau -.fffd tltc t»:p- 
piaef* of irunkifkd oiay be faid in an iniJ»c£t m^itntr to tfk^k 
papiitatiwia he feevtt to think ooihrog <«-btGb opcraiet eaher m 
pron>o<iii£ the wclfait, or tctaf Jing (be prupcnty mT irien in lU't 
l!jtre of joeiciy, u forrigr) jo li-i pLjrp<j(>. The cifi^ jili:k:flF, 
therefore, m this p4rt of h-i woiic ^c varkiu!, intcrcflinj^, ana 
bgfnio4<, an<l tviU be re.^ w^th pl»rMr« b]r ^H vrbo take delist 
ui fpccul^ioni of tbit ioji. 

We fliall here, hovrever, a> i* ibe forrner |rjrt of tbift volurnr^ 
vfe tb« fittdotD on foac iKcafton to enter t>at diS^nf wiib t^ 
Ci«cc4ndouj uid d^fcjcjice ihji he htB&kU decs, villtnVti\f- 



104 HcrrenrchwaDd*f Madem Palkltal Ortmmj. 

fcrs froni others, who have preceded hip in this wilfc «f 

The name which he has adooted for expreffing that fyftem of 
political ceconomy which prcvaili in modern Europe iscvidcotly 
defective, as it oughl Ct> include nnnr^ff as well ai manufac- 
tUTcs, While we make this remark, wo arc fuftcienily aware 
cf the anfwer rcidy to be here given, thai feparate manufadur^ 
necefniriry infer th^t ihcy mu(l be fold, and ihar therefore tb« 
feparaee mention of commerce was unnecelTary and fuperfluoui. 
The fa£l however U, that our Author evidently, and on pur* 
pole, fink* the name of commerce, becaufe he wifhei to ex- 
clude 'foreign commence as tituch ai poffible from his favourite 
plan of civil ceconomy; but, fince the cflrdls of that con- 
merce on the political jriftitutioos of the principal nation 3 in 
ciodcrn Europe are very great, it is evident that the ide* gi?ea 
of a community where it is not at all fuppofcd to take place, cui- 
HOC be a juft delineation of the political inflituiions that fubfift 
JQ jt, nor can the dcdu£tion£ he makes concerning fuch a fociety 
be applicable, in many cafes, to the modern ftates of Europe, 

Hdd he extended his views no farther in this refped than to 
point our the great importance of internal commerce when com* 
pared with ^jtternal trade^ he {hould have obtained our moft 
hearty concurrence, for we have been long faiisfied that foretgii 

Henea&hwuid'j Modtrn PoHtiea! OtaMm^m ■ lOj 

of confumption. Of ihefe four kindi of coiomercc, ho 
provei, by > very fatiafa£lory mduAion, that in t1i« internal 
cpmmcrce the fame cipiul rccurnt to the nationil manufaflurcr 
ter timet, while he only receives it twice from the fame num* 
ber »f cIrculatioDB In the external commerce of confumptioa 
£rt£f I ODcr by ihe external circuitous commerce of confump- 
lioo, and never in the externa] tranfport trade: and that of 
courfc the national induflry i» encouraged by tbc fame capita], 
Employed in each of ihefe kinda of ctinimcrce in the proportion 
of 4.2.1*0 — that la, a given capitJ employed in the internal 
commerce encourages national induffry as four<-^ihe external 
commerce direct as ivot— the external circultoui commerce ■« 
one — and the iranrporc trade a> noEhing — until the capital fhall 
be withdrawn from it. Hence be juf^ly infrrs^ that a> long as 
moin ia left for capitali 10 be employed in augmenting internal 
comaxrce, it ia blameable policy fit to encourage the other 
bnncbci of commerce as 10 withdraw ihefe capitals from that 
which moft benefits the nation at large ^ and thua, of all the 
branches of commerce the tranfport tranje otigbt to be the lift 
phjch Oiould be promoted by the Icgiflature. 

When viewed in this Irght, therefore (and we think it is in- 
cootrovertibly a judonc), ought we not to confider aa highly 
Uameable, the facrilices that the Briiifb IrgiQature have made 
with a view to fecure to themfclvcs the apptarana, tor it can be 
pathing elfe, of obtaining the carriage of tobacco from America 
to Europe. For obtaining that JhaiaWy after loading tobacco 
with fuch immoderate duTJes, as muft, at any rate, force a fmug* 
gUng trade, flie hafi fet open ihe door to the fmu^g^er aa wide as 
he could defirc, by allowing a drawback of the whole of ihefe 
dflties on exportation. In confequence of this lempraiion, it 
appears ffom Lord Shefiield's tables, ihjt, in the year 1776^ ih6 
importation of tobacco into Britain amounted to - r4,6QS 
bo§dK2da, and the exports from ibence to - * 50,3^2 

^ that the esEports exceeded the imports by - 35^5' + 

hogOicadB, without taking into (he account what was consumed 
laBritain itfelf, which h^s been ufuaily rated at ntar 20,0c O 
boglheada. The average quinciiy accountol for js p^v^ng duty 
jft tea years from 1772 to 17S3 is only about 5000 h'>gfbe!id9^rr 
AOnvi; the average quantity exported about J3,0C0, of which 
^aplify 15,000 may be fuppofed to be rc-landed on our own 
Coafis^ and the remaining t8,000 alone exfiorred. In a fh'irc 
dmc, we may reafonably expe^ that this nominal cjrtying K^de 
ififl be confined nearly to that quantity which lupplicf our own 
eonfyajpdon, though the apptaranct of a foreign trade in rhi* 
^•rticlc vilJ |UJI bf kept up, as Jong as the prcfcnt duties con- 

^^^ Ai 


io6 Herreotchwaod'j M^m PeJiiieai OnM§mfk 

At free porta i>ccc0'ari}y increafc iheie eit'iUr Mr. H. with 
grrat rcafQii difappruves of encouraging them. 

On entering upon Lhfi branch of bis fubjcd, we were fbrr^ 
ro obf«rvc, that oaf Author departs from his ordmprj naturd 
mode of icprefcniing things, ind aflutne« fofncwhat oF that af- 
(eSation of the marveJloua which h too much ihc chara^teriftic 
of modern performance a. On this principle^ the agricuUiml 
Jyflem founi^ed on manufad^ures U reprefented a the moA un- 
natural plan of political ceconomy that can be conceived, awl 
the mofl bold and hazardous for the pcopie. The manufa^ureri 
are reprcfcntcd as orphans, who depend on the fatherly care of 
ibe minifler at every moment for their fupport and exigence* 
All this \i well calculated lo make people ftare ; but ii it t 
^uft reprcfentation of things? Certainly not. We had oc- 
cafion to fhow, ahove, that fo far ia this fyllcm from being ua~ 
fiaEural, that it is perhaps impoifibte, in any fituaiion of things, 
to prevent it from taking place in a greattr or lefs degree : and 
ic would be eafy to prove, did our Limits admit of it, that no 
other fyllem th^^T has ever been adopted is attended with fo Httlo 
hazard to all the mrmbcrs of the community^ as Bhat mana- 
td^luring commercial fvHem of ceconomy of which he treats. 
Yet, with a view, as tt fliould fecm, to give more and more im- 
parlance to the rffice of a miniller of &itc^ our Author chulet 
lo hold him up ro view at of ihe moft indifpenfibk ui'ility to ihe 


HtflttkicbwiiiJ'i Mt^tn P^itial Oitat^vy. MCJ 

fi«Ji» ol thaCc in ihil fiiiion of life wtticb eniJllcfc mttk to aim 
Ai thclc hottcunble u^ counly oficu. Bui cip«rtfRC« th^vi^ 
itutt even ^ 'P'<e of ignomocc, in^iltcnilOQ* anJ dUSpatiwi la 

«^ii« oUwilLiUoit^iu^ ;hc uitcr icnpofBUliEy of oblAiniu^ (u^ 

gMt% aa AK b»e propoftd, ihe intJvilfy af i Q;akuf»avfiiif 

people may be fuppOftCiJ for 4(c» «i[boat tb^civ^cnt. Tiic oV- 

Icjvukont of cur AuthDr on ihii occa&iin widt the wriier of thu 

article recolkd fonrte i4t»i ot a fioiiUr kiod that Icite agooc- 

OBifrd lo Eijflafclf, in fpccotiting upon the mcjn^ ur fuppJjin^ 

A Ur^e ca> viib all ihf i>«ccfl^n» aoJ <onvrnjmce^ of lik, l« 

a> on ibc VAC b^jiJ cITcAuaKj lu gu^iii a^A^uH 4 w^flcfuL pfo^a- 

fion, i/Liing from a fapcribuadaace of toy or\v ariicl; ^ and oo 

ibc Qihcr, I*' t'^' dc '^>t *o o"c ArtKU of rrccfTi'j m[<, or \^ 

CiACklul ConicniriKe, ibti ihc gt^bc cjn ;iF'jrJ, iJioulJ aver be 

w«Qeij*j£. Toosuio a kj^owkd^c of t\l the 4riicl«« ibftt couli 

ever be defiled, ipprvrd of iifcti a modi hbo:k»^i and iotticate 

cu|>ii^ 1 but to kn-iw in what proponi^n ihey w^iuld be fc^ 

^urvii whvi thty waM be c^Icd fort *^ «rbil ^'.ktnccof 

tiste Ucy lbq«>d bo provttjeci ^ f'om whtn^c ibef cou!J be ob- 

uinol; lunr iha»^i «cit to be &rdueJ« io ai ih^t thc) nii^bc 

tinvc withcul occjfi'>[iin2 any fort of eor»fu^iojip wiib a (Aririf 

oi wbtr dci4il» not iKcrll^fy bcrc lo cnoEnertxe, formed fucb « 

Co*vp^icatnl r»ncof d-iTer^nt movemeci*. thjc tbt okittd wtt bc- 

»ildcic4 mhea ic le^ctUfl upon tHcoif and, IJ[« tbe idea of ia* 

fifiiiy, it eouU nerrr be futtp comprchrndrd. Yet rothtpg if 

mwt obviotti, ibin ihu if a niao wii lo 'oroi an ablind Uca 

i/gcncrnjcg ■ city, ill cbdc ttiijE^a oiuEi (vgcji ju» being neccf- 

Ur^p to be p<o*idcd for, ^i^d iheiclkjre ihc cjte of doia^ ii Immm 

obvlouJljr to f^l wilhln ihc proh iacc U ibai govcfnar ; (a tbu 

a ^xcvUtire cdah, in defcribmg rbc duiie* of ilut oSce, might 

wiy icpfcfmi it a* odc ol tbc moil ardunui that could be con* 

ccivcdp Experience however clmly Hiows thu noching couJJ 

be »oic cfroncou) t^'to ftjch a notion & and ih^c lo provide all 

thtk CbiD|^ «ilbo;jt fupriftiiit; oi warn, Utile e!f; u neCflTirjp 

lb«a to iafare libeity ol action, anj protc^on lo uidiiiJuiJi 

frriA itif^k aj>d from fuLJ, Thji duoc^ itic govcin^r anj re- 

Ln lo ref^, aod £ocp in <|uict, ad'urcd th^c thoufinds jire awake, 

iJiakxiflj taking vpon toemfcUca tiivic cafc» »bich in fpecula- 

IMH be himkJI HiouM hatt difcha^ged : and that tboufiadf of 

oUicn aic uakfoj calcuiatbnf with IfiAniEcly greater nkciy ibui 

be could have ever done, bu) he atitnptrrt lo raifi into ihefe 

aBiwfiir Jt ia bl» <^uty to aiimd to a few griiid c>ovc0icnca 

anlf ( it Ii the duty aod t^ -□[cicfi of uthcn ui attend to partU 


Cur Aullior, however, in appljing tbcfc idcai to ibe j^overtu 

of BfitalA, &n<^i it coofcntenf, in the firft pUcc, Uk \i^ 

8 ^ 

lOS Hcrrcnfchwand'j Modtm P^Iiirtai Oftm^my, 

It f>r an undeniable truth that thfrc are a greater proportion of 
paupers in Britain that] in any other nation [a fa£l which will 
be denied by many); and in the next place, that this r«per- 
abundance of paupera is occafioned folelj' by the mffery of Cb« 
fnanDTa^urers; which manufa^urers be reprefenta ai bcmg, u 
prefent, thrown out of employment^ lo an unufual degreep from 
the want of the Atnerican commerce — all of which pofitioDf^ 
we thjnic, could be very czC\\j proved to be erroneous, did our 
limits permit. IF manufadures for foreign cirporE necefrarj}y 
produced the numrrous paupers in Britaina (hefe paupeis ought 
to be Hill more numerous in Holland, becaufe there a much 
greater proportion of the people are empfnyrd in manufaclurjng 
for foreign commerce. It is to our fyflcm of poor lavs (an er- 
roneous fyJlem cf political (economy, which naturally thould 
have at traced our Author^A notice, as an obje^ of great national 
importance) that we niuA attribute tbe evil, of which wt have 
too much icafon to complain. We therefore carneAly recom- 
mend this fubje^l to his attention, in fomeof his promjfed future 
Tpeatifcs, being well afl'ured, that when be confidera ihia fyfteoit 
unconne^ed wilh viny of his favouHie hypothefes, he will not 
faif, with his ufual pcrf^icuJty, to throw new light upon the 

We cannot pretend to accompany our Author through bi» 
various and juil rtmarka on the iniereft of money and clrcu- 

Herrtafchvsni'j M^Jnn Fiftih^l OftMfinj* 109 

1m»^ Hit idMit ai we h)vt ilretdy rcjuarkrij, fccin lo bi 6aWtd 
\n mtay cdct frocn fcfl<<^>Off| i«rhcr thin ff(>n^ experience 
ittM; Qtn -, bjE wc need noc oT>Jerv« ibjit the knowMife de^ 
n»ed fjom expcncDcc b ntich mofc pofc^ ihin thai which rc- 
fulu rioi^ rprcutMion onlr. Hoylc Lfcd 10 fay, th:ir be oftefi 
iibitiiM^ more iuf .jrm«uon in ihe work-lbop of « mechanic, in 
kilf in ho'v'i ihin he coulJ htve tJcnvec^ from (\udy iu h>\i > 
w^ih Aill more ivilice anay it be faid, that ntorc f>olitical 
teJge vfill be 4iUuir4 in hilf * Jf^ by o}>CttunR fjcla 
occur »n Ibc icJiut "yufiAc of human AlTuri, (bin could pcr- 
fc*p» be obi|«JJi<d bv ipccaiUiTC ilod; ifl bflf « ccaiu<y, A> (ine 
bAioec of lb* f JTr^i o(^ (yflen on the rrifonlng df i>ur Auihor^ 
IK (b*)J obJcrve, ih«( he Uy> <t dovo u ui eDAilJIhfd prlncipk, 
tkai ihe perftrdtufi of ihji plin of p;)]i<ic4J crcvnom^r whtch he 
c«lli a J^'^*'^ of ftsric«lEu/e f^unctcd on afiptkmofinaiiHfidtirc)^ 
Cixililla in the hiving ai Tew |TCdfjnii in pr'pcnivxi <o ihc nu- 
ooTifljfcri Bt poL^ble ; and upH^n thii pfEncipIt hf rcJlt a erejt 
niinr *^f l^i^ <">'' impt^iJLriiil coocluftutt!. Il h ht>wcver iufi* 
oenilf obvToui^ ibac whether W4? rfgud the po'iiicjl Qrcngth 
ia4 ttctfjtfC of ibc whole cooimunicy, or ihc profpcricr and hap- 
piftcfa nf iadividjatt in uiy (bcceiy, ii cmnoc he ctleniiiUy 
vified by ADf adi^nable ratio iri the p'Opontcn here rpecifiedi 
■ad ib*l &r co«trfc alJ the conclufioni whlcV. uft ufMkfi ihis prin* 
Ckple enuQ f^l to rhcgroandi Ai an infljnce cf undue oefercnrc 
to ■aihorrty, we majr ilfo fptciTy the ifrijilicit r<]itnce ht pUcn 
on i few TiQi W;lh r^^ird to the molt bcre^^iil fizet of firn^f^ 
hiAiIy p'cked up bf *n autboj whaf; ccx^clufioai *rc in |eitajl 
ItfTitted tf iih a r^pid gUnce 11 a few parEjcuUft on]y, Ti* Jiii not 
ladclcrr« 10 be rehed en as a ba5» for my impnru«it indue- 
UORi. H>d oir in^n^out Author been hrmftlf *e]l acqtiAEnied 
vith the fubje^ of ■^nC'jIture, he woi*ld d-jufcltcfi hive ob- 
irfwd, ihai a eicat vvitty *t( cireuiTpfttncci, wki<h hive been 
miirwiy OTtrlo^fd br (f* aoihor od w^om he relie*, fhouJd 
^1T^ been uktn lr\i<y Ihe aeo>unt« befoec he coulJ have been 
laiboriztd Co draw the coikMor be doei * ^ ami thit a^tboc^h 
. tb« 

* Hn wo«ld have perretired tm>. thic in {6tnp drtuttuTit ngiicalrcre 
Caa W pnflilcd vith prolil tmh upon a v«m /ar^r tc^\t ; lim ia 
Other*, ita fsr^Iba prou^te ean be molt «(j ^ocnce^ i« ^n/i ti/mi i 
aftd diJL ia evciy CAfe* wh<c iKe groand n b(c-){:h; 10 t^^ H^bcA 
ftiM of tRiprovemcm. itt fiiplut t>r(idiibe« ifcr i^ci^rr^ Llji>ieFai- 
iiL'fed io culiivating It, will be dkodaa^Etirnied unrn tVai citiiurc it 
pcrtormed by aa^ o*]}'- Had h* rrer rn^crrd minaTrly into iktk 
tpecHUtMi, aad adrerted to i^U that inij>bt have bom w^uSia bU 
R^, be would have found thit tii< poUiMf prodiK'e of a« acie of 
ffoaoiiv uodcr ibe »o& ^erfcf^ eu^tar^t urocltJ be fslGticat 10 fttbdft 

110 HerrfnrchtriniJS M^derH PoSiienI t)mkk1^i 

the enquiry bad been cirrieit on by Mr. Young, at the time, wTtft 
all poHibJe caution, fo as to afctrtiin the UGl with regard to the 
partiruUr place fn qucftion in the flate of ftgjtculture as pnc- 
tlfcd there at tbc time, with iJ] imaginable precifion \ yet that 
ftill this fafl could not ferve as a bafi^ for thofe importint gene* 
ra! conclufions that Mr. H, foundi upon It, becture the fame 
conciuiions could not apply to pUcea in different circumftances 
at the time, nor to the fame place even at a future period^ feeing 
cjrcumflaneea may be varied ilmoft to infinity, all of which al- 
trraiions would aff'c^t the fad here faid to be eflablifhed. As 
Mr, H. rffls many conclusions of very great poHlical im- 
portance on thefe fuppofed fa^s, it was of confequence here 
to take nofice of (his error. We have aifo obferved that he 
reafons, in many parts of his work, concerning the political re- 
gulations of China, with a greater degree of confidence than the 
impetfeA Aire of our knowledge of that country can juftly ao* 
ihorjte; and that, in eftimating the means of fubfifience that a 
country poRl-flcs fifheries have been entirely kept out of view. 

H^d the work in queftion been pofTefled of Icfs real merit, our 
animadverfions on it would have been much more fparing; buE 
it IS a rule we in general wifb to adopt, becaufe we think our 
duty to the Public requrres it, Co point out, as diflinAly as wo 
can, the errors in works of flerling worih, that thefe may not 

Herrenrchwntil'j M^dtm PvlitUal Otcmemy% iti 

be implichlj adopted by cartlcCs mdcrs, aa of ttic Tame ftandard 
VXttlknce with the fcft of the pfrformance. We can with the 
utmoft Jincericr fay, that we have read Tew works on this fubje^ 
with fo much fatiEfadion a> the prefentj and we are happy to 
find, that the Author apnounccs a hut% of Ereahfi^ on poJitical 
oconorny, which we hope he will find leifure and inclinatton to 
pcofecutci Tht few blemiffaes we have had cccaJion to cake 
notice of, (eem, in genera], to proceed from youth and incjiperJ- 
ence, which the Auihor'a own grtod fenfc, aa he advances ia 
yeitf, will efliJ»1c him to avoid in future* The following ani- 
tnadverfions on our prefect Premier may poiBbly by fome be re-^ 
fcTfcd to the fame fource, though it is introduced with an ob- 
letTition of very grcU political Importance, thu defervei to be 
fcriouHy weighed by the Minifter himfelf, and all thofe who 
have any concern in the legiAation of this country, 

' Tvres on manufaftores/ he obfcrve?, ' appear to be the great 
fbarce od which Mr. Pin propofet to rely for hii future fuppUea, 
ud the general cry of dear^fighted men agiinlt them has not bectL 
able to opeo his eyes with regard to the caufcquencti of fuch a per- 
aicioui fyficn. Novice, Hill, in poliiit:al n-conomy, becaufc the 
principVes of thaf fcience arc not innate in man, and ihat he has not 
hid time to acc|uiTe cheoia either by mcdirarion or experience, he 
hta not been able to fee, in the patriotic citizens wlio have con^ 
denoetl his meifurci, (he faithful interpreters of its principki, and 
he hu perfuaded himfclf chat their cry wa^ nothing clfc than the 
mice of fa^ion and fcif intered. 

' But for me,' continue* Mr. H> * whom he ci^nnoc fufpefl eiiher 
of a factious fpirit or of perfonat interrn, [ dare Eo ufe the Tame bn-* 
|oftge, and lo fay lo him (with the tirmnefs ^ind courage which the 
good of my fellow mortals iofpirci, in whatever eouncry I f.tid [hem, 
tecaufe every where they arc my breth[en}, that of all ihc means of 
ruining ihe manufaflure?, (he agriculture, the commerce, and the 
prosperity of a nation, none are more fpeedy and infallible than the; 
fyflem which he has begun to praftife ; efpi-cially when a fyflem fo 
fatal is applied to a natron whofe fiiuauon demands the moll cautious 

' Enliehtened and refpeflable nation (proceeds he, with warmth), 
yott EnglJIh, who are acknowJed^ed to have glonouily maintained 
the dignity of human nature, which U ^ener^ly vijir^cd in all other 
parts of the globe; you who have been, to the nations of Kuropet the 
fchool of found principles of political ceconomy, how h.'^ve jom bewild- 
ered ^ourfelrcs in your ideaj of that fdencc ? How have you miiJed 
joorfelvei with an opinion of, and confidence in, a your.g man, and 
Hit icred your fclves that he was capable to f^ec you from ihe flls which 
oafortuDaie events have brought upon you i He has fliewn a talent 
far eToquence in an uncommon decree, and you have thought yoit 
fiw in hisi| in ihe fame degree, the ]ove of his country ; but are 
ibe talent of eloquence and the love of one's country (he jcience of 
ftlitUai ^cmomj \ juid that fcience, the moft difficult of all oihet^. \% 
i[ tkeiDfeparabicappeadagcofa great oracor and agoodatiienf 

112 Hcrrenfchwand'i Afedira Pfflitiat/ Oiesit»mf; 

' Would the gift of fpeech, and the love of men,' procMcfi ftc^ 

■ have appealed to yon fufTicieac quaJilicacioDi in ■ young phyAcUa 
without theory and without pratlice i Wojld it have induced you lo 
conflde excTulivcly in him even for the fate of the patieocs la an hof^ 
piiaL f The gift of words, and the love of men, would they hivtf 
appeared fufhoient quili^cations in a young pilot, without theory and 
wiihout prai^ice, lo vrull exdufively with him the fate of paiTengeiv 
in a difficult navi^^iiun ? No, cerUinly ; and no o:je among yoa 
would have thu3 chofcn his phytician in a dangeroiu dileafe, nor bU 
pilot on a perilous Tea ; ocvorihelefA it » thus you have inclined lo 
chufe the arbiter of your deAiny, of the public fafety, of yc>ur own 
profperityj and of that of your children* 

' Bui ihii i^ not alJ,^ he adds ; * you have done ftill woHe f Td* 
Head of the yuung man ivho has obtained your wifhes and acclflfflt- 
rjons, you have impofed on yourfdves for mLnlHers men whom yoit 
never int^nJrd for uch; men whom you, perhaps would have j>e- 
lefled with abhorrence if they hnd be«n propofed to you. For ti 
the want of knowledge in him who was the objeft of your ch<nce, 
ha? pat him under ihe inevitable neceffity of having recourfc to the 
Tights ofothersi you have expofed him to the rifgue of being dircA- 
cd in his conduft with regard to you by men perhaps ftill lefs en- 
lightened than himfelf ; by men, who» enveloped in obfcunty, can- 
not be Tendered accountable for the confidence placed in them> Dor 
be made to bEulh at the indlre^ abufrs which chey make of it t and, 
perhaps, by men fo depraved as to have in view nothing el fe than 
their own intere^, not yours. At lead, thefe arc the un fort unaie con- 



pirt oT the wnik to m^pj rttden^ and as h< bu 
anrouciCf i; tn fuch a w*)^ u night fufT^i b^ any 
C, wc hjd fclc^fJ thir irtidr 13 A Ipccifncfl of ibe 
Auihof'i llyl« ini mtnrntr of wclej^^ : but » the rxfriJl would 
h€ cao long for oiir J^^araal, nc mut^ refer ro the wofk 4t U'g«< 
Out rvjien will fi«(! the paflig« whtch wc hrrc rccmiuivciitl 
CO tbftir p^niculif notice, b^ taming to p^ a^Oi ^^ pr*^tcdiiig 

AiT. II. SrtrA. or ibr W^mif : bf^tn* 4 ColIfAiDn of Anecdctci. 
W04*, ted otWr little TbiAgfl. B7 a Society of the L«Ara«d. 

Im», ^. 0<i4rdl. ?lfO0. 1786. 

THK oootcnif of thi« volume ire vAfloiit both t« n fiibjtdl 
Am) execution. We fomecittiu meet with trite rttnuks and 
in^iii^c^ni anecdotes t and »ncc or cwi<« we were difgufled 
ttrttb « coitfe ji>kc ind atn indelicate flor) i oa the whole, bovr- 
enr, (hii ti a coUedion of eotUi^crablc merit. The Autbior 
ffbr be I) mfire thaa a eotuprkr, thov^h he dnlt much in *cx-- 
u%B% ufrd ;{uot4iionK) ii crjdenilf a man cf kucc di^cerofnenr 
aad fovfid inoealf. He appears to hav« had much evperienee 
of ibe irofldi and, ia geiMul, haih f^rnt^d • jad cnii&aie of 
men and maaMertt prineiplei and ttmei. He writea wiih caiH 
dit^r and libaalitf • arvd be is a friend to public order and deco* 
rum i hut he loLidty excUirna agairifl thoie who fer up for rc- 
'rrmers of ab«fti lo church and ftatCt giving them licilc credit 
rithrr for iTiirgTiiy Of vtfdooi, and plactn^ cbeir prrtrn^oiii 10 
tltc fco<e of pride, difappointrveal, ign^rtncet oe impojture. — 
Bof bar, forcly, a proper dtfciimjnaibn ia neceilArf'. 

Aa > fpee^rnen of theentertaioireoi that the reader may eaped 
(roio ifait mifcelhnj-, we will pjcfeoc bim WLth a few cjitf^*^ 
tjken at aJvrnture. 

0/ m^ftg a Fii^'t. * I have read ofa fqnb wUdi fra» repMlcot- 
ed burtkagk «It^ ihH motto aader U. ptrtim dam Aknvjv— *' Jet me 
<' jKvib, iff do bttt iHine." Tltr IJHse aaoico will do for all, who 
diSpaiie their fabifiriee b^j fi^itiig or jig»nw/ nith Oiew atid e^ni- 

' WhftQ ■ balbfladnan <l«i«»od kltOup with Robert GroHbead, 
Bitep of Liaeola. a£4 thcfmnw toqtaaAod froca bun an office* 
'* Coaia/' Uld tbe biOiop, " if ro«r cart be brtdwi* 1*11 nend ii - 
■■ if yttof plow be old, I'ji eire rou a new cue, and evm ft^ 10 
" £bw foue land i bat a bulSaadoiao I r^uod you, and a hji^ind- 
** aaa I'H Icirc yoi-" The biHiop thc^u^ht it kinder (a» liould 
fkta) to few hirn r« hit wiv, tliifl lo tflke hi^a m/ of t( . aod per- 
h«pt £icpben Duck, the thtdhfr, had been better provided for. If, 

* Soma vvry isdieioroi pip<^ in ihucolleetioo ire tilceti frcrn tbe 
UtSABCK ol Dr- HeatbcvK « iW tbard odiuon ^ «hkb iru pob- 
JiC»rda trSi. 

Rat. Fob. 17!/. / W^Lc^ 


114- Sylva ; or tht H'ood. 

inPifiid of being firll pcnlioncd and thru ordained, he had been en * 
dosvcd wi.h len acrea of Jand^ and fuJfcrcd to \.\\Jt(ti on. By lurn- 
ing the Lbonous ihrcfh^rr into an inactive parfon, Eh«y brought lu* 
nacy Aril, nnd tlicn ruicidc, upon a man who might oihrrwiie 
havo crtjoy^d himr;:1f wjth lu/o co^a and a pig* and etided bJs days 
in f'reniiy and eife.* 

Mnrri/i^t of eU M(H^ ' Were I advjfcj to take another wife, onder 
i!:f mcHii urd unmanly profpeft of bring coMeif now I nm oM, my 
reply wouJd be in fomc inch terms a^ ihefc : — " My dear Sir^ I ant 
'^ j;,reai1y obliged by voljt aiiention (o my happinef^, bot (with 
'* your leavf) ] will refrrvc the little lU'Ctiglli and fpitjia i have re- 
*' m^LJniffg for ihe becrer fupport of my old age. Secondly, though 
'* 1 am not (o old as AlcelUs (who lately marrLed a fecood ivtfe it 
*^ ihe of 70), yet I am old enough lo have contra^led nmoy 
" ways and humourd, ivhlch, being by h^bit brcomc r.aturaJ, can- 
** not paw he contradifled without making mc unhappy i but ikey 
" would be coniiaJit'led by new connexions, or any new fyftem 
'^ of living. Thirdly, if a man has any decent pride remaitiing, he 
*' will diiuain to bc eftimaird merely as a toa^tnictcf i hut an old 
" felloiv cannot bc actepted in marriage from ciny oiher moiife. 
" L,Tlily. 1 have lived long enough to have but one general objefl ; 
*' ^ihJ i^, tQ be;:r the ^ro4iniT inHrmities of old age, and to 
'* rt,iit my i^TlljIui on w ich a fpirit and temper as peaceful and re- 
** llgncJ, aF conieniL'J and ferine as in:iy be. I am therefore de- 
** termincj 10 coi^tinue ^b I :im." 

* Mean.v[iiie, ard to ret urr\ once more to the fybjiifl, clJ 
man will Co f:irforqct himfclfas to m^irrv, he iTiouI'-I, ^ibiive all tilings, 

bavf po frnff lo «cfivcy. Aoil thir ihii tndcprniffsfy «re>tr rrpr<* 

^^t. iIm< t^e powffii m<Fk uLich be u invr^lcd >ra r.ot rev^f^bfc AC 
^loifjjc, or before ihc «ipifricn of \ht una Tor Hfaich thry frrro 

y^^ oiflir cofiEliiiiMij<. liB( cvrti a^&tnll (^r ntunnii wr^ Mff'ti. 
Hmr fir fAch :]r. *r,<aivMtiit of thing* ii cJgiblr, 1 i\y »ot < ht^i I 
Ajr, ihit if a rrpf«roniiiii0 b# nothing vt^it ibia a p«Hbn wJm Titi 
ifl ihe H«u^ of Cflnmniu la rpcjlf iIk Jfwfi oT • Cfmia nvvibcf of 
prapkt ai he reccitcf ii hy th« poflc-ut ofilbcci^vrierr, be o no br(< 
icr thvi 1 lubc, an or^^ft pipf. i kind uf ukd inJtjuitkcr-e nkii 
l«4Hh Torih fAvndt nicrbA:;tc«;iy.' Thi>, lioarvrr. fvrms to be :o9] 
•r» aad !■:« itt^potuni ft ^ueltioo »o be thiM coatdeniiy de<Utd «i 

Lii^rj r/icr f^rt/t* * i t{ii\\ net defiant vrlirchct abufli jv/^r <ir| 
d^Ar nr CO mUjIIiIi iuufc i mit 1 j>»i ftrKncly pe;Aj.iJ«il, iiti if oirrj 
pv«l>itf niifincri told, ih*)" noLl aCwreJU 'u^i/A Wb*B ih< ptfrft ij^ 
dtcnlct Opfiilf atid birtfj^dly tht i>.ojt r(*>^rcd and (unJjifieQ-tl 
doArkiCt of r<lagioa : wheo the pre6, la p<rliii;al iriMErm, mijkV*; 
pa^*t f4ttho«t «4V 'If <^ <o [ltfj^>, or pcjbtp iiucki ihkn2> int. 

iVoIti th< 6ri( ch^allrft in f bi^^-.^L irJ ^Urr, bu' cvrn ^chficvt tl 
pnce Atd (jfltct of pniAic r«cTiviici to the Tpofi ana tikE«riiliiin«ftt! 
of «Q Ul ftjTarrd pvb'ic; (^bd it it ooc noio-noiu C<i4: alt ibi> i^^ 
doncd4'.lj:}>— '.hcn, 1 Uj, uiit rc4fon«bU, noble* i*d mnBlr Jil>i;it> ImI 
d»mr4:i:rd inio a L'-ie. uH&virrintAhlc. crofl lictniiouJneri ; afid, 
lbl» IkvitTioufikCl'i - drifrrrTrrK it Ir^killv. an-i C^r^md i\ l>4dJy. uj 
)ro« pteal^— wJl» bv in U'l^-vci^aMc CdiiJVqoc&M tttmii;^ From th«, 
Mivrr d»d r»nAt(3itcii of itiiogi. Tooa^^ cv liur br^ug 'bo«i ir> de- 

pirrpdrf thr way ku, *%ir*[iM^. Abalc* C^ ijvcfy t3; , '.Irof 

the sff 0* nv?i l^iifig - J"d if iTtc j^oplr (»fft» /rfr^ - . - »(>- 

WnfiJOr, M it Ai n^tUF^K p-'Hip« ai nrcffT^ry, ^r tbor rvivn to »ri- 
ori/e ifad; rdkaiBt* acd ab/h-lg« tbtir liberty, ct >i>r xhc brc«l«cn 
of birrci ii>£i|£btra tbc rtint i't propOrUOu fti ihck Sccdi thaK ibew 
■ft fmpitiimcc: bf [RinigrU/ 

To coafidcf th? ppuplu ai * boffck' [nr/fv ^^« efbvrdtn]^ if d 
■vp in pjwcr x$ ibcir riJati, (t<ns\ to be ■ fjtroflritc rdea witi 
aU lbofevrrit«r» who uftniiurjll}? employ chcmf«Jfe« in fo'gm:; 

fir own fcRcri, tnd who vrould it><idly |:ife up ■ nitikin'i 
ly, mKt^j bfriulV, )tkf rvi^ry ot^icr gociJ, it is !Ulile to im 

if^d by a few iritlividuaU i L'fftiitderi «rbo mA^ be, «nd ofrm 
Mr, irflnir.rd SkitJ pujiitKt:^ bjf tbc Uwt vf the Uad. On tbe 
hot? pnnc:]pr« vr« m[;;bt relmijiilh every blriBftg wbicft Go4 
Intb tirSoived oo tti 1 

I>itiUir£. ' Aoothe: geoJ inl^Jflre toOiow thff ptrvjIrinyo/H^v- 
nrj •*(! iAv>. " The riu-/' byi Mr. Uaw^in», *■ to far Abbon 

I 3 '- duelling. 


Sytvd } or tht U^o^d, 

" dvj*lling, tTiat not only xht principfll, who aflually kif]> the other, 
" but a!fo hii fccond', arc guilty of murder, whether they fought or 
" not: and the puntEjimcnioF courft ii deaih." But ID fpite of thb 
fan^ion, ilropg z-nd powerful aa it is, U not the age of Qoixotifm 
coining on again ? Does not the bumoirr rodomontade prevail 
among ihe great ? and ia k net creeping down, even to apprentices 
and aiiorneya clerks* [and, wc may even add, VAititH pausri]? 
* I called ic Quixourm ; and TureLy I had reafon. Obferve the man- 
ners of oar prefeni duellills^ weigh the princjpJei they gO upon ; at- 
tend to the ccTcmonial of their engagements, and telt me then, if 
any adventures of the famous Knight of La Mancba arc built upon > 
more fooli^ foundation, and accompanied with mere folemn, ytx 
more ridicufoof, rjtrs than thcim, 

' Perhaps a Jlrongcr inilance coold not be bronght, than this be- 
fore U5, to fhew the prevalence of fafhion, not only over laws, bul 
over r?nfc, reafon, cquiiy, and humanity. The duellift ia never an 
amiabfct and ofteniimes a bad compofition \ but he hath honour for 
bis fanftion and fuppon ; Honour, all-powerfirl honour: and thia 
vain unmeaning empty word is, through the prevalence of faJbjon, 
fuiH^ient to preferve him upon terms wiib fociety, and to lecure hiv 
rcceptTOn as ufual among gentlemen,' 

0/Legici smii the pra^ical U/e of it, ' Acountryroan, for the en- 
tcrLuinment of hti fon, when returned from the university, ordered 
fix eggs to be boJTcd ; two for him, two for his mother, and two for 
himlelf: butthefon, itching lo give a fpecimen of his newly acqair- 
ed fcience, boiled onZy three. To the father, afking the reafon of 
this, " tf^h," fays the fon, " thtre are fix.''— *' How fo ?" fays 
ihc father, ■■ f can make but three." — " Ne /" replies the younj 

Pkl^afbliat Tra«f*/!Unjt Pari IL/tr 178& tXJ 

AcofplalcHi or ftxyW, ako i^robaM/ kirett item ftcIiRff >Ad ttpc 
nenceclK mnii ofal^i he (M; for b« v^ii a vrry great 1o^ciaa,u 
tt«)l at > vfr% ■ 1 ic. 

* Obtr Bci^ .^D^worth ai afioibcrinf.incc to prort, ibK 

lof:k» liiLlriJ L'T ^'iiliu^, uijiy poiTiMy oHJlrjil uid JiuiL tHe jnilc/- 
Jbn^in;-. *" C^i'Iinjuonh," h) 1 1-ord CliKf^doo, who knew Wm 
wrll, •* wa*aman orgTfit f^htUiy *J\itn!rrnandifig, Jind h*d fp^nt 
*> »J] hie jt»u:>gcr tiAC iit difpuEitfotfi ^ df which he arrive>d 10 fd 
" pwMK ft oiLAcry, ■» ii<>T v> be infer or 10 ^uv miA in ihcfe ftif' 
" nnd^i ; but he hiJ, hiib hri tjOciMc pcrfc^ljdo in thlt CKCcilVi 
" tcn(Tai::fil fn^h la trTcfoluiion nnrl h.ibit of ilcubiirtg, %htl ttf de* 
" gf*T» f»^ K"*' '^'ifi'J*'ir in irrtHitign ai\d a fcpptif it Ifirt in i^^ 
" ; '-'.tiiet ai fjith. All h j coobti gratvoutof hkm'tif, Abca 

" I- <>.> fcTUp'Ci wiih itu Afcnglb of hri owe rcifci^r AJii 

" tvjik ibcfi i[ffl bird for blmfclf.'* 

' To (fcC'i Imlc.^What w» tbc ni<anln|; cif that Hndiirc up^n 3^ 

hnt^ Buoft, mil- chvi b« acrijf J to (Ac fchoolcnen, i;^k«^^dv^jq nt- 
ittfj/f ^//*//'jr**» ff^ttiftti /'ii4'tarrm ? Why, ih*t bj cn^ji hriirtjs 
Jmitt/jttttt u kc clh il, b/ ifcfir I'tj^^tui fcliiL?n?ciiti aoi! dUtin^lfOni* 
t^vj' kad fii^^^ truth io davrn into (nLncemfrat. ai 10 Itatt it doc 
Oplr mriiioiii proponion c* rocn, but Alrno^ a-iiIoui fiibUjece.* 

Wt ftcooiQkfad ih^fv ttUyt l*ftih eN<epiit>nit in lume io- 
lUnCfit 90 ibc Auihora puljika] to the peruUi uf thofc wJii« ci- 
tb«f >ff«4 li¥ amtirfmertt or ioHiu^ioci ^ and if ihrf polTeft ss^r 
iclib f«rwii without |»c:u1ji^?<. rtJ^uk without ill-natwrr, or 
HAtT (tnic without forttialifj i>t dalocfGt ihey erill tin<l fomc- 
tbi«( of ca<h to gratiiy Ibcii uttc ; and ii thi* vi>iui«f dotb not 
affncd tHrm To cofKoni a tiiftr^urt at ihry nuy wtfh, yci 11 will 
p«t ihctn tn ihf wif u^ maitiEi^ tncfi-.trft^amrmoiore coni;>ktrt 
^ ibe rxcicrfr of ihrii own unUciUdiiJiit^i^ uid the lludj ol 
ibc btfl Autiior*. 

All- ni. PHitojo^mcj^L T«aN»4CTiOKi tf th^ Rm/ Swftt, 
V<^ULXXVL Pan Ii. ft>:iU Year i:3a. 410. 3». Oi»l». 

tU MM%'i Trenjk rarr th* Xhirdian, By EdvriKl I'isoti, YXt\. 

IT vt^hU ht uD»cc«ltiry to eater inio > minutt aceonQC 
of a\\ ih/t »fthod« brrv d«fcribtd. or 1 <ictit1 c€ th« fe* 
*cf«l obfrrraiioiii KCc^deO i>y Mr, Pi^c-Il. He oitltc* the 
lititude of Vort 53^ 5/ 45' + ; *nd lpr(ti|ode, by ocruTta* 
oo&i of fixed Han by tlic moo^t 4 i7"i bv the wt^on't pair- 
ing liie neridiiq 4' ^Vl, by Japiier'a €ith faiclJite 4' jt''^ 
ttd by « lunar cctiprc 4' lb"* vrcft* itt licM. The rclatire Ti- 
ttutioQiof OrccrwKti^nJ York bctog itow. wiih olerableoc 
tAodiii ddcroiiaed, mealutiog tbe diSucei b«twua vtAfe v^rta 

I [8 PhihfiphUnl Trati/afJiens, Part TL y*r 1786, 

pliers by a feriei of trianglfSt promifcft a good opportunity for 
Ending chc Jfnglh o^* a degree of the meridun in this Utitude. 
Wc do not recoIIe£t that any marhcmacician, finct Norwood, 
ha^ attemprcd a nicirurcmtni in England. France ha» rendered 
iti-lf l-iLnous for me-iruremenis, not only at home, but \o fevc- 
ral Idijtudc^, from o 10 66. Shall Enj^l.fh aftfonomers depend 
Oil rhe obfcrvations of ihe French only ? 

Jd-<fertifemtnt of tire txpeSltd Rfturn of the CtfmW fl/ I S-^a tfwrf r66l 

Rev, Ncv 
and Altronunitr Rifydl, 

in iheTear 178H. By the 

fcvi! Maikdyne, D.D, F,R.S. 

Wc have only one eomct on record whofe rctura had been 
prrdrdted by allronomefs^ viz* that of 1759. The eleritenii 
from whfch D^ Hiilfcy calculated the rctoi n of that comet wcjc 
nht^int'd from ihe obfcrvations made on the comet of I5jf» 
16:7, ard I tS2. !n the fir ft edition of hij' Synipfts Aftr.nftmijs 
(J metier , he fuppofed the comets of 1532 and j^tii, from the 
Ji Tiilartty of the ckm^'ntB of incjr orLiiiSf 10 be (be fdmr. Xhe 
intifval betwrcii the prffl'jgcs of thefe two cornels ihroogh their 
pcnhrJion Wds 128 yean, ^9 day>, 1 hour, 39 minutes (32 of 
ibefe year? ar^ biHexilk'), ihi<i Jidijed to the lime of the peribdion 
in 1661, makej the time of ihe next perihelion, 17H91 April 17, 
T hoTir* 10 minutes, when reduced 10 the Grrgurjdn flyl>^. Or. 
Mal^^elync rightly fupp( fcsthu, fince the comet, in ^oingfrom ita 
W\ perihelion, pafled the crbit£ of both Jupiter and Sxurn when 
ihcfe tjlancis *cie in thdl part of their orbifs. It nvilj hi 




itDomcnon : toe Ci>atct 
O^^nvfim if the H rimfa if Mrrtmy nwr thf SvtJ Di.^t '^sdf •/ 

OiJfTtmisM ij sti iau TTgr/.t tf Matmy wver the Sjer* Bf £^- 

Ttirfc tvro obicivfttii^ito coiiuiii vnly ihc c^rcf) of Mttcorf i 

1 he jEirctna* conUd wis it - la 

Tnr emri^ton o^ the center - - aa 

Tlv; eitxfnUcopt*^ - - 10 
H| tfar ijiri-t, 

l^l^e loionsit contfcft - - id, 

Tlic Cfiidltoii of the ccoter • to 

Si®. Viftcc, A. M. F. R.S. 
£vnf itirnipr lowarJ ficiliriEinig the invd1iir«tinn of l^jcnu, 
iMijhc (© br grjicfiillj rccov^it hy the mact-xniificil fi-aler. V»- 
'iottt itt«ikod» hive b«cn puffucd «ruh V4rkit>sf^*cccf(£ bot no 
one b^t yet been tiStad wbicti mcriia tbe ttllc v( uniirrfil : foe 
I'though «v4fy fluxion, boviocvce cot»|4tcAicd, mxy be ex* 
pvtulcd lACO All In&nrte reties; yd, il ibe Icric* that prcduccif 
siiilMr conn^ittr, tnininitn, nor tt I'ufnmablv, it »n never 
W ofefu] : on ibii account (he mcihcJ of ftriJmg fiictiii b)' in- 
£nice (ttUt, wbich fonte wn(«ri hire eiih-i i uni^«ffil nKthod^ 
€i0 OttW ^ ippl^iblc iQ ccfciin cifcj, auJ ihcrcfurc (htr iirduf'- 
try sod Jnveniton or (nifhrmitidim nn never be ^mpioyrd da 
tbU ftthjeAi wiiboLii »dnn(jeci e(pcci*lly vtiea the rcfulc) of 

The Rictfc'id which Mr. Vinee hith h«t« invc;1i^ateii And cv* 
onplrfta}, afpe;iM labe coDvcnicni in ili »pp]ic:»E*on ; bui thW H 
eifioiUy bc4i}p4tr<t inptrtic^'hr cjifci j fGri:i0«iv<it mrthijde wilJ 
•l«ij> be fou»d CO have ihcii ti*Sieut\x uic», «(ul wheic one bc- 
co»e» idi^ri^bcable, aoOUter Wkll be fouod ro TurcfeJ^ . Tbc 
Biurc of ibc tfdbjt^ iwill not permit ut to ttakc iny «bri>dgment 
oC thit iii^oiou* pipti '> vre mall therefor? t*hr oar mlriG to 
the ptibU^ion » Urge,- wIkto ihofe who ctu hvA cnfeniin- 
ntni in the ru!iif4ti» of nul/tic^ ipccuUtto&v will ncet wiib 

J Cmah^f tj Ont thfi^txJsfti/ AvJjrZf £k4 CJu^trt t/Sutrs, fiy 
Wilim Htffchcl, LI.. I>, F. K. S. 
If the hoR of bcAivn be inr>umcr«b£c, Ur. UKt(ch<Vt Ubour* 
w^l be rotflcfi. He h4> here prvkmted ttt Public with otift 
thoubad ncvr obftfTcJ cJuller* of ^irs "^ tddicriin lo thofe fof- 
only fvUlifectt^ Jq ihU ofHoi-ue mc l>j3ot hA% ^Ivtn t^o 

/ 4 i^^*< 

110 Phihfiph'ual TranfiUiknf^ PartlX^fir 1786. 

new namei to hit cluftcrif or rubttfjPt but he difhnpiiiflies them 
by numbers : be gives the difference of righr ifcenlion between 
each and the neared known flar, in minutes and fj^conda of fide* 
real time, and their difference of dec U nation in degrees and mi- 
nutes: the next column in the catalogue records the number of 
obfervationB made on each clufter i by which it appcari that 
Tome q( them have been obfcrved five, fix, feven, or eight limci : 
We mention this clrcumftance *% a proof of the vaft expence of 
labour as well as time which this ferJcs of obfervfttioaa muft have 

The immediate atility of this gfeat work we do not it prt-^ 
fent perceive^ but as ji adds to ibe general ftock of knowledge^ 
ihe purfuit is laudable. The parallax of ihefe nrbula ought^ ia 
tiur opinion, to be mrnuteljr attended to; we hope the future 
obfcrvations of this indefatigable obfcrrer, who ii furnifhcd with 
iotlrumenta of very high magnifying powen, will determine 
whether Ihefe obj^ ds have any paralUx or motion- It ii impofx 
fible to form any GJ>nji£tures relative to theft bodiea, from their 
appearance alone. If they arc planets or comets near their aph^ 
Ija, which is by no means improbable, a change of- place muft 
certainly be obfervable in them ; which, being very fm»ll, will 
re<]uirc not only good inflmments but a length of linte, to be 
accurately deiermuied. The cxpeAcd comet in 17S9 will, we, beaucndtdtoby Dr. BerfcheL Obfervationsoncometiat A 
Tcac dift'nte from their nrrihdia. arc much wanted in aflro- 


n> be in the Utnc proportion, and ukca cone£tively tt 
CMtfkOl be otli<c*wiCr. If M iny p«r(kuUr age fir dfJtht of iho 
■*ic3 cxcccti thofc of l>tc fcmftlc) in » (^icater proportion llun 9 
to S, Bl, fof «iimplr, g to 7, )i another 4^ lh« dcich) of lVft£<« 

10 femakt m»(l be Icri ch«n the ^opofiton 0/ 9 to ;. TrU is 
evident from ibe coalideraiioo ik4t nI) qiuQ die, niftlct a« well a> 
ftnuleii ih«refo(c4tftriD|C i^'« wMr ^jf^oHifti the propotiJon 
of (he ^ciihi of intk^ 10 fcmJci mutt e<|iiil itw ptop&ition of 
lh« births of malci to feinlfi. 

Dr, CUtk hii ^ivcti jn cxcraQ frooi iWc rr^rllrr kept it the 
JfitflC^ta tiofpitil m Oubhn frofn ilbe yeu 17J7 to i;!^. by 
irnkh it apfvjri thti 19*455 ch[J<i«cn vtfc Wn, vf'x iOr;05 
Bulet tad 9,tS0 fcnuks ; of thrfe 2.903 (J>H,«>/r. 1,656 iaiUa 
m4 I1I47 fenklei i but ht hn ivot nMntion«d «t wb«t «j|t ihc fc 
children died, ttaovgb wffvpDfkfc, fruin an infcfrncp fuhjoiiwd, 
fbey bU dicrl under ib ^lyi. 1 b« proporifon of birihs bf in^ very 
oniU kft ^'' CO j^i *nd of dc«ihi4> 36 to J 7, cxcLicJ the Doc- 
lor lo cftquire into ttK caulet of tbecx^t/i oJ ai4k d<Jtha ^tK>vc 
ibofc of fcnulci. 

AwtOttf bii not beeo ifcle to difcoi'er aoy inccraftl d>6«rtocc 
bciwtcfi the inkft«l ccconomjr of oi«Jc) iod fcmaJn, which cui 
Mtouiif tat ih<ir difft^rrnrr Af nnftrtality^ more «fp^erally ia 
ctfir i»fucr. Tbc pt'tndpiX ciHfe of iha djJFcreflce, Dr> C. 
ibioki, dffxndt on the f{cr4tcr tiu of mile*, iT>d tht ronlV* 
tt«cni ^rttict di£cutcy *ftJ Iurd1h*p Mivo^ing tbc^r b^irlh ^ ire 
^*ah( «he<bci p«^iev and abfcrvAtinn c#n contirrn tbcvfittiinn 
tfMt iB4>e Br« motv diffirvlt ib«a tffiuli htrtht. Another cjufc 
ift kippofed I'j be, tb«t oitlcB require • gjeitcr quantrty or fap- 
ply o' noi^fiihncot thftn ftmaWf, Apcc tbey »rc natural ry of% 
move robnft friKie* «£id thJi confcqu4nil)r c defickcicf of fu|^ 
pori iQducti a wf«kiKff, which muft prow nwc? Util to raiEe 
childrco. ThefcrcdivBtii^i vt ntbtr too fine ; ibcf «rt iogt- 
viouf, lad may tip foHndnl I* truth, but ihrj wjini fnrcrof rnn- 
fifiiofi. I'he fidbjttt i» raihf/ curio^il than ufclul i «nd the 
rudcf will inihit p*periiiec:i with miciv uncoinman obfrrvBtiom. 

AiLT. IV. jiatvmf Srtmfo Pum, »r*ft bHon ib Pnqii but now 

t^vbJilJxd Srota the a^tuvk/ip: CcJUAioot of £tr KKbitd Mm- 
ui4 uf LeUiingion, >Li*i;bt, Utfi ?r<Tjr ^a] of ScocUnd, and t 
Seutor of lU Cuiiegr of Juliie. C^mprr/ing Pic^ci -liiun 
iboui i«30 ri[l tt$6>. With large Ntjit*. i,nd a GJoBitfy. 
^t VoU- CroAB Svo. 6). BoirJi. Dlllj. i;S6. 

THE Editor (Mr. Pinbrrtoo) ioformr «•, iht^ the Mairlan^ 
Co^kAiori, ffom wnicb tbi« work ii fdrdcd* coiilifKof 

two voluflicf , tvs. b/a'ia. began, it 11 conjrAurfd, abOUl I 555, 

«alprob«bJy fit^tlhcd »4J thv tioc of &ir Richard MaitUj.iJ'i 



Pjnkerton'j jftrdeiti Seattffi Petmi, 

death, 15S5. The other volume is in quarts. In the hind- 
Wficing of Mifi Mary MiitlaFid, third daaghter of Sit Hichsrd, 

Thefc manufcripts were tlways preferfcd in the fimrly of iho 
original colleger, till ihc Duk« of Lauderdale prefcnted them 10 
Mr. Pcpvs, Secretary to the Admiralty, - in the reigns of 
Charles IL and Jamca IL ; who^ at has death, bequeathed them, 
v^ith his other curious manufcripis, to Migdilen College, Cam- 

The Editoi^ curiofiiy having been evcited by the accounii 
given of the Maitland CoUeillon by feveral writers, and parii- 
cuhrly by Dr. ^^rcy^ he went tf> Cambridge, and obtained per- 
iniffion to copy any part of the manufcripis that he judged wor- 
thy of publication. 

Of the pieces now prefented, for the firft time, to (he Public, 
we fhull gii/e a brief account in the Editor's own words. 

The firft ii a long allegorical poem on human li^e, called 
King H/trtt and written by the celebrated Giwin Dtwglas, Bifbop 
ofDunkcId, 'The poem deferves prefervation as a curiofity^ 
though It will not highly entertain the Reader.' 

The next piice is a Taif, by Dunbar. * It is in a Angular 
kind of blank vcrfe, ufed by the old romancers, and after them 
by the author of Pierce Plowman's Vifions, It is fuM of know- 
ledge of life, and rich defcription ; and is a!fo much tinduted 
witn immoicjiy \ which Fontaine, indeed, loaks upon ia cficncial 

Piflkeitoa'i Ji^iM Sai/ijh PHm^ 


U^hm ttt of IcJi b«]k. oT f«rio«> mcaruici, on 4 gmt v^rktfr 
<f UbiftA*. and Wfiurn by di^fcni hind>. They »n tlfoct 
itfiMt tacriii. A few uc very bcMitiful t and wc obfcrvr^ here 
aai ttic*F, an elt^mcr c^f rcotiencnt and tJtprcfiop, Wtly to be 
iKl wiib in wr^uoiEi of ihit ptnn^, 

Tfcr Cnttltc* potm of Dunbir faWaw ihc T^tei, * They bf- 
pn with kis j^athM «fld Ifsht p«c«*, snd end wifh itvo4b 
VTincn in hVt oJd •£«. Tlic fule merit of Ibmc ri thnr ciiriolttyt 
iul oihM [m tbc EditOf'4 opiaioji] * hav« cttry utrifyfae 

Tbe mm: divi^n <t o/ Pttmi h varitui JulUm via, Q^rmtm 

Sr^Wft Arboihnor, Lo(»i ThnlsUnc, ]»r\%tt VJ. fet. &C. 

7ll<m M\om FtfPtt iy titi'ni^ jfhtl^ri j vhrch foim ihe moft 
Bufliuow *i]Wtnicnf, •mouniiDg lu iij?wjif<U of ihirty* 

The collt^ion cn^« wiib Fttmt hf Si^ Ri<h^4 AiaiJiMd^ 
■ ThtfT b*irT/ U)t the Kditor, • cumfidcritlc oiciii in everp 
virw, im] l^irw h«iii to h«H been a gixid nurit as wctJ m 2 ^'■^41 
0Att(min, Hu lighwr i>e<«i have ad^hghiLl gaiety ind gar- 
laL^ tif (4J 4eCt in' bt Jixh »■>! Trcak lu bdic wultni & lint of 
portfy t»tl te had rtach**? h<i tuiicfb year.' 

Wc h4vc no doubt of cbcauiMcoCKity of ihcCt Pocmtt aiid of 
Ibc fiddiry of ihe Kdilor ; and wc hkt« txtt«f proof of it than 
the Editors u'W-^whkh, by bu own ct^Qid&on, %a a foiina 
mflance, wti a voucher not to he depended on. Htl confcJ^on, 
bovKvcr, would bettrf hare cniiilrd hitn eo forKircntf»i iF be 
bad troi ItiTcDCtl its n -ciiLi by an jpalo^y whjcb almoA adiouiitt 
10 1 jufrlicaiion ol tL< criff>«. Jn tbff year 17^1. be pubiitivcd 
« CoJUa^od ot S<ciiifi> Traiii BslrndM «. To ibefe Balladt be 
prtn^cd two diflefiduoav \ ^nJ toward the c^duf^a of <ht k* 
ctKiif, t)E aHcrtJ tbat he wa) * i^klebccd ft^r »ioll nf the lianus 
DO* recQvrf rd' [vis, jv lir id Pari ef Me'JjbinUt ib*nfi*'ft t^^ 
l^M mrtd dith^ii ft hi tri^iaaij ' to ibc (K^mMy of a Udy in 
LaBfrltfbiie.^ He airciapied (o colour the drceptJoo Htli OMtc 
by aii.iung in a roic, itii; ^ the common p«opfc in Lancrjc- 
Cbut can (cpcac Tciap of acj^ f^f Parti,' And U (be crtdit of 
ScoKb poccjy crcr in be ptopc up by 'alfebood i Yo— till va- 
,jMlj dtfioiantici wblt ;ni^fiuic hath created. 

■Of tU fecond put of H^rdyknuU t be Editor tntift imv 
cookfi hieifdf guilty. At ioj bii fccttt» he batb obferved cbc 
Hota itao prccrpt he at Aift Jaid down to bimfdf, N^mtm frv- 

§t^ im AJtJfym ' 1 hit i> a vay c j.-j^iut appUciGioa of tbe lU' 
rjuioM fratfi f publil!!] a raLr}|LV>J, ^ut doft't <»ofefi It, till tEic 
»oc:d nath tern dccci>xC by Jt «rw pt^t. But thu it not tbo 
only inflaocc in vbidi Uic £d,itrf baiii iL^wn hii dtttmt^X^ 

J 24 PinkcrtonV jfntmit SciHtifij Poems* 

applying the mjxims of Horace to a Wxtt^fj i m portion } fof 
having a^d pardon boih of hia friciid«and the Public, for* keep* 
infT the fecret (o himrdf for nine yeafs,' he quotes Horace to 
juftify him, not in conf'efling, but in cooimitting the fraud i ind 
the maxim, aa be applies ir, would have fully jufliBed him in 
keeping (he fecrct to himfrlf nine yeara longer. ' Peihtpt, like 
a very young man as he was, be had puQied one or two polnci 
of the deception a Jitcle too far/ — Very gentJe indeed \ onLy— * 
' fierhffpt*—aTid ' a iittU too far T ' But he always thought ibU 
novel and poetry had ko bounds of fiflion. Horace faya 
~~^^^^— piftoribas atque poetis 
QuiDLiDET AVDENDi feDtptT fuit icqua poteflai,' 

And Icfl the Editor's * no houtdi^' and Horace's *■ qtiidltbei audtndiy 
fhould not carry fufHcicni emphalis In fmai] charadcrs, tbey are 
printed in bold capitah; and, stkk at kothinc, feems the 
literal EngliOi. 

But rather than lofe the applaufe which wai bellowed on bis 
ingenuity, the Editor ii content to incur a cenfure on his inte- 
griiy. He informs us, that the Public bad been picafvd to judge 
favourably of it ; though he hath not toTd us^ that a very acute 
(though perhaps too cauHic] writer detected the impofifion, and 
expofed it In its true colours, in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
very foon after its ortginil publication. Thus, it fecm*, that 
Mr. PJnkerton haih only the merit of confclUng whjit ibe irorJd 

mtf be c<£1y colU^rd to fopp^j ibc ^ace of tcifoD $tid argn- 

When ihe Avtbor coi:fio«t himfcK to hiioryt he h much 
mnrf fnctnniie rh;»n whtn hit w.iywitd fsticy tcotprt hjm lo 
r>vc ta tbo wild rcgiori9 of fpfCvUtiOfi. Hii r^mtrks on ibc 
nt^*n of the Briion*, Pi^i, infJ SfoEi, iif anf^^nmut iim) in- 
flibdlirc} and hi£ account ol portry in Scotland, under lU diU 
inwmi periods, irvd in Its A&eitai hn^atge^ ind d'laltdi, it pir. 
t*c*riil)r rmmajnm]?, at vrtW n M\ of cuiioui inforff>Alion, 

Our RcjJci* w\\\ be plcj^ vtith the following txu>£li, 
wlkifh tnij bt cofifidcred 3^ i bri«f anil^fit oT iho vholo 

Mr. Piok^nofi bnngi ih« mn^ aitcirfit Rriiont fram tW Civi- 
brit Chtvionf Tui (now DfTtaitrk) i ud fuppoln, ihii ihcy were 
afttiwArdi TuppUDird b^ the Bdrk Giu >, who inhjblird the 
iflind at tic <kmc of OUf'* inviiicn. The Ciicbio Celtic 
Bmoni (of thofe vcc row cjU We3l)l] nerfi j|Tpc«r lohaveex- 
tntdvd ibeir poffrSoni brycnd Uie Forth and Clyde. All the 
roc<hcrn tnd beyond ibcfe rirtn wm c^'<4 CaMorii t^y cbc 
Romirt, on accovat of i:i tift woodi, frooi /TjJIrdi^ a Britilh 
«vgri. lignifyittt » wood, tKe plmtl of which i? Ka'tJm. Caly 
(iofi in ttolii of Gfcrce* ittd (liefjcniiw Citydoflian fnrcfl (hcrr^ 
Ictm to b< o' iW hmQ Cclrif' frri^in ^ r'or \ht C<-tiic lin^uag« 
tvu iht orr^'ii^il rpecelt of ill Lui&pc.— Tbti \\ hi\w WbiMkcr'f 

TncPi^s iiihibiiH Cftkdoala, onhc provtn^tt bryotid Clyde 
tt)d f oftb. Tfiefe bitbaroof peopW ome originally ffcm S^nu 
dtnsTi*. According lo Se4Ddinatf*to Antiqutric*. ihc OAtK* 
wcfc led inroihf rortheri? piru af Farope imm Afia by OJi« 
ftnd bit bcfoei, ihtnce called Afx, in.ii't c«nfiirjc« h«Ji>rc Ch^ilt, 
Pro«i their nrv fetileeien», (hty aftti Akiiit iprrad civpr grrn 
parr of turnpv | and Scan<iinivjK became ibc grtnd floirhootieof 
futJocii* Hul ftom ScAndiniviA to ihc tile* bctureen it and 
licoiUikd, tnJ tbtnce xo the iiortb i>f Scoiluidf v» the eaiieft 
%u4 tiXAtt& of rhcif co&0(it2trtcAi : iikJ wt my ihcfffijrc (upi^ 

wiibNceniftS] inforcri ut^ ihti ibc ViiXf were jellied in tl''< 
Qfbefyf abaui icr) ypirt bfrore ChriA t and EumrnitJi r>y4, 
tbil lA ibern^f of Jtfhui Cxrir, 5^ ye^n b-f'ofcQ^tirEfft, they bid 
httn ibc accwSoi&ed ciicqik;^ of Bii:iiii. About fbc ChriflijiQ 
epoch tbvy fonn to have fetzrd on the ficrtltv^n pirt* of Cale- 
4ooi«( swt in Icl* ibiu a^coiury 10 b^ivc pfopittd tHe wbir'ic 
fpfeocf^ ibeA free from wcodi, down CO ib« FitiM of Forttt and 
Ctydc^ eiibcr drifing tbc firll lobabitaeil before tbrm, or^ vbat 
ia Bior« pnbabTcr ^ndin^ thr fountr}->i>bired^*^Thui it i> 
aiUltffH lb4T iKt CAkdonnns vrci'C of a drltir^ fiec ffOVI th« 

«tlier tiritoai^ Txdtui it^yf, cbat tbcir icd b^u ud liTge jocnra 


i?U PiuksTlon'i Jficr.nt SiCtifJfj Poems, 

prote them lo be of Gorman extra^lon : whereas he givea quite 
ttifTcreac orij>ins to th? foulhfrn natioxif. 

The Scou are acknnwlt^dgcd by Mr. PinkertDii (notmth- 
nanding the prejudices of hU countrymen in fivour of the oppo- 
ii[e hypuihens] to have been tranfported originally frorn IreUnd. 
This is clear from the pofitive and repeated aSertlons of Bcde 
;ind other hiHcriajis. Ireland waa the firft Scotia i and Ufhcr 
^ots fo far as to fay, that Scotia always implies Irelunf, in everf 
writer down to tne iith ceriCury. Others, however, think it 
crirar, from E^inbart, that Scotland began to be called Scotra 
aL>aut the year 800. The reafon of thia confufion is, that both 
countries were inhabitt-d by Scots j Leland firll^ and Caledonia 

The inhabitants oF the weft of Scotland, north of Clyde, and 
of the Wcftern llles, are univerfalty Irilh; they have only IrJQl 
CuHomSf and fpeak only the Irilh tongue. 

That the Scotg, a nation far inferior to the Pifts in the ex- 
tent nf their poJTcffiuns and antiquity of their fettlement, ihould 
h^vc had the chance to give their name to the country, is no 
more to be wandered at, than that the AngUs^ the fmallefl tribe 
of all ihe Saxon fettler> in England, fhould give their name fo 
iTiiK. kingdom. 

Our Author ftippofes that when the B:^]gic Giuls invaded 
Britain, the aboriginal Celts fled 10 Ireland, and firft peopled 
that country ; and he attempts to fupport this conjcdlure by the 
ircJtEiini; ot tf:e word Stuite at Seut^ viz. a refugtt^ and alio by 
the ttiizmony ol Richard of Cirencefler, who expre^iily fays, itt 
Hibermam ^c/nrrigrarurtt fje£ii a Btigh BritontSy ibiqui Jedtx p^Jttt- 
rrjf, ex Uto temttore ScoTi appeiJati, 

Plitkcrtoii'j J^iitns StJSti^ Potau 



Ik poFint aTcribed to 0«iiA?c« In ptrtkabr, h4vcdefer/^lf 

^-Tvn moch of chc public acrcntroo : btjl thty will onl^ mit^»4 

in reader «fao wUbri 10 fcxm an i6ca</Cr][ic pc<i/y. He ihic 

htivtti OffiAn CO hivt ii junlbtd xbouc (be year jcc, ind h« 

viiiitigi prcfcfved t>y cril ifadit^n fcr 14&0 ydtt^ ^*t$c :f hi> 

^b, trkt he micbt roovt rrououin^ ! G>''[iilev^c<i of Ehc Higb«> 

\mk of ScotUn^k with wh^m ihc K4iior converfcd on ibe fub- 

jeS, kfTjrcJ bun, vftjC ihtj luokeii upon maz-C/arAr of Mr. MiC* 

fiktifon't woftc u hi> OMTA I and uj^o the tf^ f»lk& a« fo 

■•ch cbtiijed bv hifn, t^» auu roigbi b< rrgiftlcd a« hu o»n 

fimpoiiiion Tt^ere jte prjjrii'c evidi^QC^, be ivft, whjch c«tt* 

*ioce bins thil d(H urc of the |fuern» given to Ol£<a, rii>J p.-o- 

kib^jr noc or^r pifTj^t? ^f tbem, it oldtr than tb? 15111 century. 

The *ay SiEl auibor i*^ know who incnttona I'iogaJ is Barbour, 

i Scotch poei, who wf<Ke \n 13?;- TiAgkl was an IriOl h^o; 

in4 ooc (jo^, > fchooltniffcr of ClmenC} fent fomc ftco&'JOt of 

irelind CO Cicn^n, tn 1 ^^6. in wh-ch rnrnticm is mide of fonke 

£r4n^C f^bki, lh» the peoj^le aniuTc thcin(r]*ei wirbi ibotft tllfl 

••gJirc* f/« ^/^.' ^s)-^. 3fid OiJ^ Afa OAia." Btii :bough 

ibe bdicor Kiiailjr rfjcils ihe lutheniicity od Mr^ M^cphcHon'i 

»;)rl:, laii vtty ftrercly UQi'r& bjoi for hi* pefvclionorMiloijr^ 

fct ht pjyt a jult crrbuec of rcfpe^^ to hit citquifitc u]cnl^ and 

iy^ifi i^ him wbJi R)ch«fdri>n f«iJ of Milcoii, //r li an anumt^ 

^9 fifittn IvnJfiti yfan aftrr hit rim/, llh gftar gwJw will 

£:CUTC bi> tvnc 1 ihou|:h wc ibink »t can on!r be fccurrd st th« 

cxpwev of hit honour, if OA'" be fo tor^l in jmpcfKiori on 

the rftfv fftitfi of llw Pubik 11 Mr, Ptnkerton fcrup'cs i;ot 10 

afiefl II tritly it, 

Undtr the iriicle of P1//1/& «r SfMjfjMc.^* ^mt^ m SftilaaJt 
c^c E<litor fiyi, thai he h^ih ntji mci wrb sny rcmiinaof it in 
di4t co'jnt/y, tt>ough tb« P ^ bad poBeSon of lb« bell part of 
It for moic tttin ci^bc c«niunci, u a fcpiratc people viKJcf their 
own kingt. 'I'tiii ffi^d^B c/ rofTT moft be f^ughi for m ih« 
D»nifli an^tquario. B<it ih< F>£tifh pocciif Uirnibcd (be ha- 
g«tg«, iml ifVfrIn (hr chief fu^d nf SiiomiK pOfiry, ai diflin* 
guifbcJ ffom wh4£ ts C4\U4 Efft nr 7//^ poec/jr. Th< irifli 
p>iciry i) all gloomy; ihe Sorxch dealt nuir< in nKrrioicnt, Tbe 
C<U»c nations fc<rm to have been p^ncraliy iVt'ct^ ; theCoiliiO 
ifOCOtt, TbuTitruMf*! of Odin ricitr appcui fa Celtic mjihtH 
logf, wbtr« ib< f CO cbmdcr Lif the Dfuidi ajfo uiJiucncod the 
peuplc. I'bc CUlic DAliont wrre in gcr^ral peaceful and (em- 
peror ; iheOofhic, wa:ltkc and irLGcmpmrr. All the Cdiic 
pactrr, jt% publilhcif, it grave i llial of the CiOtbt chJcSy hcrgcc, 
TSe r<L:l-A posrry fcvtna alfo to have bequeathed lu ihc ScoiiJIh 
■ pcculiirlv wild hoffor, wh^ch freqiientJy tit'xkn the reader 
WiEh ibr btgheA eiTrdi U*r^ tt.c anti^^JC fo-'ce and rjihj>tk:fijr of 



PinkerCon'f jfrtcitttt Si^ttifi P$fmt» 

the lan^uige wjs the chief permanent gift of the Fi^ilh poerrf 
to the Scottilh. 

We would witb pleajure tranfcribc what the Author molt io' 
genioully advances relitlng to the progrefi of language in Scot- 
land, hy comparing it with, what he calU^ irs^tr ianguagr^ the 
EngliQi. The analogjr Is conduced with great art; buE we 
fufpcft, that it is more platiiiblc th<n folid. We think that the 
Scottifh i» a branch from rhc EngliAi item} and rather ihc 
liaughtfr thin the fifftr. Ujt our Jimiis will not permit ut fO 
enlarge firihrr on i fubjc^, thar^ perhaps, ramot he reduced to 
ceriajnty. We will however do ihe Auihor ihc jultice of tran* 
fcribing ihe following remark, leaving our Readcri (o dr^w what 
inference from ii ihey pl-afe: 

*■ Proximity of (ongurv prove* collateral relation, but not de- 
rivation } eKe the Swedifh would alfo he derived from the Eog- 
liOl. For that rpeech, and, 1 believe, the Danifh, «rc a> near 
to the En^lifh, as the real Scottifh is- Piftitb and Saxon, Seot- 
tllh and En|1ilh, »rt boEh equally derived from the Gothic. 
Their great ^milariiy then can be no wonder. The PifliJh was 
the earlier Goihic i the Saxon the later ; the idiom and body of 
the language were ever (he f^me* But nearly one half of the 
old Scouilh words is not to be found in the Saxon^ hut foldy in 
ihe Gothic* 

Next foll^iw*^ ^ LijI oftiU thr Siattrfit Pofiu mih Irit/rfmarh 

BolEonV HIJicrj rfBritifi Firnu 1*9 

The falutation of the vmrd fifltrs ii %\t^ fuppofed to hive bcca 
ciMiceired by Micb«ih in a dream. 

. He thouchc, cjuhil he ivas fa fytUncfe 

He faw thre women cum by gangange^ 

And the women rhm tSoucht be 

TJirc iverJ Jyfiyrii moft Jyk lo be. 

The firtt he n^rd (ay, gangangc by, 

LcjenJtr tbt Tbajnt ttf Crumbachy ! 

The cother ttoman fayd ajjayrir 

Cy MamyjrefftfVr I'/t tht Thamt 

7'he third then faid, /^ ih§ Kjmg, 

All this he herde in hi» DRsuYNa. 
In pUin pTore^ and in plain English (if lc fhould need cirpUna* 
tion}^ " He thought, while he was thu» fitting, that he fiw thre« 
WOfnen pafliag by {^g&nging\ \ and he thought the w untn to b» 
voft like to The three weird fifters. He heard ihe fipil fay, atflitf 
pafled bj him^Lo I yonder is the Thane, &c, &C. 5cc." 

The Notes affixed to thefe Tolumes are copious, and in the 
main very fatisfa^ory. The Gloflary ii not lb complete *■ w« 
could have vifhed, A number ofobfoleie words are not explained 
%\ all : and ihcrc is a lift of many that the Editor acknow- 
Icdgeifaiinrrlf incapable of explaining. 

Tbii coDcftion is certainly a very curious one; and Mr, Pin- 
kerton, while he claims our applaufe as an ingenii?u» writer, is 
entitled to the thanb of the Public for the trouble he hath taken 
in providing them with fo rich an entertainment. 

He bath pubJiQted propofals for a new edirion, with Notes, of 
jfdamnariui's Life of Celnmba [the celebrated founder of the mo- 
nafter J of Icolmkjll), and the lives of other ancient Scotlifh 
Saints. We heartily wjfh bim fucccfs in his undertaking. Ic 
will be of public fervice, as well aa a fubje^ of particular rnter* 
tainment to the antiquary ; and no man feema better qualitifd 
to*do jufticc — to, at leall^ what may be deemed the more u.'r/ul 
pan ot it ; for we defpife Sai?jts aa much as he, and value thefr 
memorials, not for thefr miraculous cxploicr, but fur the tight 
ihey throw on hi/ioty and geography- ' 

AiT. V. Filicti BrHannica : An HiQory of the Bfiiifli proper Fcrnf, 
with plain and accurate DefcripiionSi and new Figures of all the 
Species and Varieties, &c. By Jamo Bokon, of Halifax., 410. 
Primed at Lveds, and fiild la London by White. Price in Boards 
13s. coloured il. 7a, 

THE botanical world wUl 6nd itfelf much indebted to tbit 
laborious author; for his w.^rk is evidently founded in 
perfonat obfervationf without which no truth^ is to be obtained 
in our enquiries concerning the works of nature. ^Ic is this 

{principle which gives Mr. Curtis'* excellent Fiora Eondintn/U 
Bcb a maoifcft pre-eEDiacQce over every publicaiign ot \\i« k.vt\4^ 
ftiv, Feb x/^/. £ %»uki 


Bolton'j WJ^sry c/ Erittjb Firm. ' with other irtn^s cyfj, a a fjllacioua method. Henrc 
arrf..' :hc r^ vc-i- s of arc *-ii' naTu-alills, ai>d wiih them much in- 
ji.'-y lo the fc ctjcc. K.iihcr I htophr*flus» nor Diofcorides, 
ji<:i i^'invi C(>ulJ (j.ibhlh (he fa£ls which ihcy fo carclcf^ly al- 
Tcricd : n'lr jrc ihc H^rnucTc Gcefc allouvcd ihcir (i^ir^culcui 
orr,'-jn, chu-1,^1) thc^ crrdulju^ Gcidrd, and oihrrs, counEcninccd 

We jT l-np,)'.', hcrtforr, to fi '.J, in Mr. Btilfon, one who tS 
nuU^us addi-^-'hi jiro'e in voba mff^ji'i. Wf^at he has Uzn he 
ico'iis i aiid la far vt ii'-^y imph' iily dtpcnd upon him. No 
a<i^!ii'>iiiy of the du^ uf former wrtri'rs c^n awe him inta 
c.^ni^iUncc with ihi jr jfTrECi^-n^ ; ht; fu'.Lt'S to hive examined 
ftiih car.-, and let all iha: htj ubiervtd wiili exadlnelt, 
*] he bulanift caji <\pL£k no mc:e from fu'. h a pr:ivinci;»] pubti- 
caiion ; he h l6 thi' pLius beic^re hm ; he may exercise hJs jucl^ 
nitTn fjn th'-^i 111 hii own v/^y^ and plcafe himfclf. 

r^^rhaps Wt. \lo\utw may nuC be fdh^fii'd with our allowing 
h;;ii nL> more, dnd isuy think ihjt he ou^ht to take chc lead in 
\.t\ .iii:r_~ I he ciuiime of the Itudy uf [his branch of (lacural hif- 
|j:y. Thii WL- mult cxcufe oiirlclviE from giving up to hiiD* 
'Vh.t' ouTrir.e \% ^Uq-^'^ y fo well drdwfi by L^nnxu^, ihat, gene> 
ra'Ey fpe^kinp^, ihoie is no ne^d o\ jn ;ic:tfmpt to render it clearer, 
J hj( lirtEo pjrticulvr^ iUiid m w^iiE of co^reftion, muft be al- 
lowt'i, bur wc "itljijir ol cvi;r licin^ a fj ilcjH upo,i any pl^m 

ftollon'i WflofiefSriliJh Ftrrrr: i^i 

or Polypodium. When th^ artSific^al charatS^r is not fo Jeter- 
fninate as to iflociatc irr ever^ inft^nce with Us deftfncd family, 
tifte »nd addrefs arc rpquir*?o to reconcile the jarring d;ffcrchc^.' 
Btir here the partial Wanifl iTiuflevtfr he at a lofs, for he can- 
not be aware of the varioas (i^cijllies which the more general 
obferwr his ta deal with. The Agaricui qmrcinus muft api^ar, 
toayoun^ iluJcnt, rather a Bdl^TUs th^n an Agaricus; yet fhb 
beft boUtiids clifs it with Linnazlis, So alfo the Acrotlichum 
fepientnunale has its frufllHcation romeiinLCs in fhort lines, but 
vilh them dots are obfcrvable, and in the enJ, all arc conBucnt. 
Which then AijII deterininc the charai^er ? Shall the linea Uy 
that it h an Afpleniunn, or the dots a Poljpodium, or their con* 
fluency an Acroflichum? It is magnifjririg difHcjItiei to GiArt 
/uch ot'je£*ionsj therefoVc wc muft caution the reader when he 
reada the folJowiiig Tentence : S=e page viil, ■ It muft oiFend ihb 
tafle of the judicious reader to find the charaileriflits of the 
genera fixed on foundations fo unElcady, when he finds plants 
very didimilar in their appearance uiiit[:i] ; as alio when he feet 
1 frpiratinn take place bttwecn Ofmunda lunaria and Opbln- 
glolTurTi vulgatum, between Acroflichum fcpienErtonalc and 
Arplenium ruta-moraria.' 

We hope that every reader will not have the cxquifite fcelinpt 
of Mr, Bolton* The union nf pl-ints apparently different muft 
conflantfy occur fn an arciRcij] fyf^em \ whether in one claP^, 
as in the Did^n,^rr.i<i, cr in the grallcs^ or tn fingle familiej, aa 
in Trifoliuntj and vaffnus oihcr Diadelphia plants. Why 
ihoufd the fepiration of OphitiglcfTum and Ormundi be lament* 
ed» when the fimpliciiy oF thu one, and the ramification of" the 
other, keep them wide :'psr[ ? Neither do we fee the rccclfary 
union between ih^ Arr-fljchuni fcpientrionule, and [' v Afple* 
nium Tuid-m jf^rJJ. Tiic d■^^^ of the one, and the Il^<■^ of i!ie 
oiher, area fuf.kicnt diftin^Tion. To fpcak phinly, Jhis d.ib- 
tling in amrndn;rn*? is an ^.t'^^ual accumul.^tifjn cif diiacLlry a^d 
d:ftref>, Why la Lvery author to be ir^ventjnj? new arr^ji^c- 
cnenis, who rr.ny not he of eonfcquence vj b-: a;io\vtd fuch in-. 
^ulgenc? ? V/c ur:int toat Mr. Bolcjn% remarks '-n\ the Lin- 
Dsein cU^fiiT^'i'jn are tok?n$ of hij clof^ oDfervatiun^ anJ w? 
hope his eid h iin[7p"^ri:i in their bc:ng thus no:i<-td. 

B'.-tn^ a provjiicJ J j>jL)iir:i:iun, it is not to be l-jpp^f.d Ehat 
It Wir ible to rcAch u> iht." ^..^he!l du:ljoiiTy ; o:1".itv/ !<., icuxi cf 
Mr. Huuion'a, a& well a^ :\^i uwn, errjx^ *' ^zo^l V..^ Kn^'jfh 


■Th." PcIypcuJiuin /r:*^r^ri'- and Rfi.-c:icuin are not '-' ni'Iilh Tiecics, 
Here alfo wf rnay rc:njrk. lint Mr. B. i^ d^'egivcd a boo? the Tncho- 
"natitt pyxidircrum. His j.].int ie in r'l probp'iiUty uhKt. he \mi- 
iicffi ii to be, a varierv of 'J\ fynbri-en/e ; the wii*-ct ol' itii »tv\c\* 

ip. Pritfilejr's Exprrimirtti ht Kahirai 'Phi&fifhf^ VoKlII, 

fpecics would not have htea dcttilcd. Pcrhipv, the time mftf 
come, when « BritiHi Flora, of real luthoriiy, the authority oT 
the Linnxin herbarium, may put aWBy ill doubt conccroiiig cbc 
fpecicA which are aflually natives of tbh ille. Still the labouri 
of a Bolion will be alwayi ufeful and valuable i but doe> it, iii 
any degree, take from his merit to fay, that the ^/f bavd mufi be 
put lo the wofk by dire^tioni tK cathtdraf 

AnT^ VT- Exjtriments anJ Ohfirvatian$ relaung to virioui Braochct 
of Natural Fhilofophy; with a Continuatioa of the Ohfir^aiitM 
e»Jir. By Jofeph FrieAIey, LL. D. F. R. S. &c. &c. Vol. liL 
bvo. 6s. BoartJs. Jobofon. 1786. 

THOUGH the title-page calls thia the Mf>^ volume, the 
preface begins with mentionirg fivt prtttding stus, wKich^ 
to a reader not v?ry cotiverfant in Dr. Piieltiey^i expecimcntal 
writings, may carry an appearance of fooie inaccuracy. The 
cafe is, thai ihrti volumes were publiAied under the ritle of £*- 
ferimcnts en AlR ; but the iidd of enquiry becoming then more 
enlar^trd, ihe Author, it feemst thought it neceHary to enlarge 
the tkElea alto, and begin a new feries of volumes, lb that what 
is cal]«d the fourth volume of Experiments on air is the frjl of 
the voiirmes under the present title, and the present is i\icjixth of 
tht uWf work. Thii laA mode of numeration appears to ua 
[he m'jfl irhtrible, a£ the other mav occafloa ambiifuiLics, both 


Pmajf/f Kxpfrimmit in Natttroi Ph^f^^ Vol. HI, 13 J 

JVi/Nf Ckri/t^ With lU the <^irovtir»l |ittce> vrrilicn in df f^rc* 

ctf The forihcft did not i*kc up iik^ To niwrb of bit i^idc «i the 

npnimeittf J of wbirh ui icciMim ii fiturn tn this finplc vriluoie ; 

-*lb*t d«nD£ fht coflipofiticn tti thd'c wf>pkj, ihe greucft ptrC 

ofevffydt^ W3« fprnr io hj> rUharjior|-, >n^ ©nlj- ihf **rr»ipg< 

Md vMWntng* ia readiog or wfiltogi — ind ihtt ihc di^cieoC 

fttidicA rrticiT one iiKihcr, fu ihjt be cm da morci in rark of 

cbnn, than »f he ^4ve hi« wbo!« ittenfiuo lo cn« only. Bur he 

icA« bii principal defence vpuei tbc dt^nitf ano imporrince ftf 

ibrato^Jril ftutftM, r^perior t» tvtry oibrr, inkffnucb ai It )• 

d jntriitely cnore confcquencf to fecurc a b'i>^ lot in a fuiuK 

endtrr^ IrAe^ rh^n to mike the beil ponibte provision f^v ih< pt«- 

frni> ThJt bids him to ti4« the gronnJi on which hi> belief 

ofa faluie llfr im huiJr, and eo ciptrflulaFe wiih ifrifr- philofn* 

pbcTf, whorr^ca tbc nirftcUiard refunedion of Chiift, m otifcr 

to bdtevc wtuu U tatini(cl| \tl% crrdit>1e, that CbriltiaDity could 

have bern propigitedf ai we koonr 11 vri<, a^d ih«t thing* couM 

be ai «c now fiiid ibccn, wilhout the it)0 A convincing evidrrice 

of iht I'uih oi the ^fpel hiflorf. 

Tbc three l^rA Teuton of ihtt work contain ihe AuiborV laic 
ceniJMintcatiodi 10 thf Ro^ril Societ/t on ^hfsp/isn ;—of) j^ 
firmUg t^nfMrfivi 9/ wttur i^tt airi — and on ait pK^tuatrri — 
«rhich bavr bMn pifMjfhod in ihtf Philnfopblcal 'rranfitiiont, 
Md of wh>cb ui accovQC hai already Wen gt^en in our Keviei* *. 
Thefc make fooicwhic nrorc than a foufih pjrt of tbe rtxuiiv; 
The rcJl coA^fit chMfif ol cxpenqnenEt and obUrraEiOf^t fi>pfle- 
■tentil 10 (he trrccedin^, itiii ru dific:eitC aiiiclei in hU Umt^t 
poblieaiioni j foeie of ihrna tending '** c^n&rm ite dA^rin« 
^itadf «dt'aiKe>d, and oihcft (-rcaiing new di£ciii<KS- Orthcfc 
tT|k«riinentFf to ufc hh ovr^ Wdrdi^ ibmr irp of mare, and othtra 
of kfa importaoce, and fone prthape •f lildecoDicqutnce. 

Tbe volume clofe* wicb obiervaiion^ relating to * general 
4W1B7 of tbe ewperimentft ta which ibe diffcrem kiml* of air are 
COmJeiued. 1q tbia* wc think, ihc Aathui h*a iiot bren vcf 
^PVTt ^* ^''^ "^^ ''^*<" ^ ^^^'^ commaatciitA much new 
light, nor fo hare availed bimlclf fuDf *>( what had alrra^^ been 
lUuck o«c bf o^heii. He f«npofe* air to evinfflt of nri<ou« acid 
AftdpUogiAont or of dcphlo^irticated mirout r^iour ai^d phlo- 
gliloo (p.407-)t ^ th:it nuroui acid n one nf the cojnponrnC 
part* of nrtmsa air (p. 396.) i and this be cih% the f/iai/tjM 
ijf^Ufii^ We believe ihe e11abtifiie<t and moH piDb4bIe hjpo* 
tbdia 10 be, that the niiroufl and oihci anaJogoya arra are com- 
nmeot parii of [he rcrtK^ive acida i thai nftrf>u> acid, for in- 
fUnCCt coofidi of niirout air an'i pvre air f that into t^efe cwo 

* Sec MoBthJy R«miv, vol. trd. p. uj. and Tol.UxiT, (for 

134 PricAleyV Expinments in NtHurai Phil^fafhj^ VoT. llli 

pr;i.c:p'pCK the zcid li rcfolubic ; and that from the re-unk)n of 
ttc:^ tifvo JE is reproducible. This bypothcfif, firfl advanced by 
Jjuvoilkr, aFordj an nbyJoui and faii^FBclory intcrprcUtion of 
tnaiy oi i^l DoJtoiV exjiciimenls, boEh in (his and tti« piicccd*- 
iDf v^juii'cs ; and wc Ehi.ilc a little a:iciitiun t<» it mif^ht hav« 
produced not cnly an Lm^fioveEnrnt in the chcorciical^ but fomtt 
viluiibk *ddinons in the experioienUl parts nf ihe prrfent pub* 
JicjtJDii. ThuEi, when we And a Ur^c quanTi:y of pure air ca 
be forced our, by fire, frutn tiitrr, or from allum, or fr^tn vit 
Irinlicacid and cUy (which produce all um in ihe proccb), or 
itom turbith mincrd] (which is a compound of viiridie acid and 
tnercMiy'j, we fhoujj naturally fay, (iiat the ac>dv had fuffercd 
a dccompoHiioD, Ihst the pure air being thus difcnj^aged froai 
then) and collfdieJ by itfclf, the ether corrpontnt princlpltt 
rcr.'^ilntd unitcif v^:*.h the fixed alcaMne bafis of the nit^e, the 
tutl'ry nne of the alliirii, and the mttaiiic of the tu:bitb i and 
if wl; can thus obtain combiiiadoj^s of the pure chaTaiterilLc 
pTT^i^'plc of the fevc;^l acida with difiVrcnt fixed bodici, % 
^-\-':\\:iC\i\ txpcrinitr.tcr cnnntt be at a lofs how to avail himfclf 
c;f fi;ch Compound?. It is known ir.u the viirioltc acid prin-* 
ci^'ir, rtrr-^inin^ in fcir.;.' Ci^JiipO'Jr.ds cf LhiT kind, andpcfltfl^g 
no ^nfible ch^r^cUr of acidity^ will imbibe from the atmo* 
fpLcre thi: pure air which it want^, and thcrewiLh prL-duce 
v:!rio!ic acid sf^iiTi : it is fuicly worth trial wh=lbcr the aitrouf 

Prieffley'j Expfnmem in Natriral Pf^hfiphj^ Vol. Ill 1 3} 

fuMbncn, whicTip when united ro (Tie calces of metals, makea 
them to be metal*, and whirh, united to oil of vilriol (deprived 
of iti waterjt makes re to be fufphur/ It will occur to the 
itider that this lallcircumfTancc is rather iniccuratcly exprpfTcd; 
for it does not appear co be vitriolic acid itfelf, but the principTa 
iboTe mentioned, vhich Tr^rma the acid vhen combined with 
pure air, that exiff< in fdphur. 

Oijriirniti will not admit of our entering into a dctaLJ even 
of the fubje£ti treated, much hh of the pirticular cxperU 
mfnts; but we Hlall mentiwi fome of fhofet of which ive catt 
Cjprcfs the general refuhs in the fmalkft compafs. 

Inflammable air was obtained in large quancLry, frO^n fpirJt 
of wine, eiher, and oili, by pifTing them in lieani, thiough red- 
hot earthen tuhe« ; and from ilry inflammable fubftan^ea, bf 
tranfmitling Aeam of wjiter over theni when heated. 

The fteam of fprrit of win^, pafTed over capper Jtift mdtrd, 
yfelJs inflammable air as it di:es in other ciicumflance^, and 
csnverti Ihe copper into a fubftancc Calkd metallic (it..rC9aig 
weighing near tweniy times a^ much as the metaJ iiklf did. 
The minute dvifion and volatility -^f this charcoal arc remarlC'* 
iMe; for though a lar^e iihfs balloon with f.vcral adopters, 
were ufed for collecting ]*, part efc^p^d in fino^t, an.-i jll che 
veifefs were Ined with an unifurm foory black. By the heat of 
t burning-gUfs, in common arr, it melted, wlthuut underguing 
any further ch<inge; but fn dephlogiltJcated air, it burned rapid* 
Iv, and converted almofl the whole of that air into RkcJ air. 
By pafGna fleam of water over it, i'l red-hot earthen tube*, it 
yielded inft,imrnaS!e bt as commjri charcoal does^ was dimi- 
njfhfd one hatf m weight, and became lighter colouicd. 

Silver underwent a change nearly fimiJ^r to copper, but gold 
was not affcifteJ by the procefs* It wjs therefore iiatursl to 
try, whether copper couTd nor on ihia principle be ft-paraied 
from gold } the trial was not ii^deed fuccef^ful, the copper being 
pracecLled by the gold from the action of the fleam ; but this wjS 
probably owing co the copper being in loo fmall proportian, 
only one tenth of the gold ; whereas, in order to feparate filver 
frotn gold, by aqua fortis, it is found neccflary to put two or « 
thice puts of filver to one of ^old. 

There are many experiments of the quantities of air extraftcd 
from mineral bodies by mcjns of heat, with a view 10 afceriaia 
llie productions that are truly vtt^amc^ for thcfe may he prefumed 
to have parted with their air in the fuit^in they underwent ivoni 
fubterra neons fire. The known lav^s yielded Icfs air than other 
iTiiner^l fublfances, and on this ground, bafaltes can hardly be 
clafled amnng volcanic produ£lions, as it yields more air than 
flny other ItDOirn Uva. We muft obfcrve, however^ that on 

K 4 tft\v 

1 3^ P'icft1«y*f Eteptrmtnts In Natural Pbihjipkf, Vol. lit. 

thia gToundf Eluor would appear to be volcanic, for it yielded tbt 
leaft a\r of all the b idics examined^ kfa even than glifi. 

Jt ii pretty Hngular, that while charcoal yielda inflimmablfi 
air, the air from Toot is pure or dephtogiilicaied, till tbc foot ii 
burnt to the ilaie of charcoal, and then it produce! the ftme 
kind of air as other charcoal. Tretk burnt charcoal cxpofed to 
the Jlmorpht^re, imbibes air, and emits it again on being im* 
mcrfcd in water : thia is found Co be no other than commoit air^ 
fo that the pHlogiJlicaiion of the air expelled from it bj beat 
niud proceed from a decompolinon of the charcoaJt 

The prrmeabiliry of bladders to djfTeient klndi oF air if fullf 
afcercaincd, part of the included air having palTed out, and the 
cxtrfior air having palled in, through the fubftance of the blad* 
der. Inflammable air and dephl^gidicaied air, which when 
fimply muzd rogecher, appear to have no aflion upon one ana* 
ther, by this fluw mode of mixture through a bladder (that ia, 
by Itieping a bladder of inflammable air in a jar of depblogifiip 
caied /it) unrTe together and form fixed air> 

T'hc cnlour of fpiriE of niirc ia known to be owing to phlo- 
giflon, ^nd the Doittor hai found r hat this phlogil^on l«, in cer- 
tdin circumfl^ncef, communicated to it b) /i^hl. The dephlo« 
giJitcareJ arid culourlefs acrd, expoft^d to l:ghc in a vial quite 
fulE, recuivf'd ^^o colour j but when chere was a confiderable 
v^c itcy aojjve ihe liquor, the vapours nfing into this fpace foon 



tar% tnii chit tH^y bccocnc ctuHic tgain bv oicrtl^ Irpjrjfin^ fhe 
fUofiAoti- W« ihe«'d lb« fjll4<y «t tKf cji pert men it whiKh h% 
■Msced in fup-^MMi of tbii ihccty ^ ind Mi. HcDry'j txpcflrocnc 
[Ort lo ■ diRCl prcK^, ih4l ciult^ alcalic* iu not miiJe miM bf 
uiA^aiiTMbl^ air. wnich. If tc ii not one ofihc purdt fuiim uf 
fb.ogt^om, crti nljrccAiiJflioioreof ihii piincipk dun b co«- 
lAincd in fixed 4ir. 

iSf> BmiJj. rbiudcl|ibi«|irtD(cil, lud fvldbj DUl/ia London. 

THE fi'ft T<Jumf of iWrc Anvrlrin tfiftri-^irtni wa« puW 
IiftKid tn ih« vcir 1771. In our r«virw • of i^ii volume, 
w v*vc > pirifCuUr tETcount of iht origlfi and L'l^jblfOmiPEit of 
Ibift ^ocicir. The pcculUr rircumffinort xA Anttrici, iftjfinic 
th« U^c troub^, arc 4 j'uOif lent apology fut iht <5cUy of ibcfc 
*ffl«fn philorophfr* tn pn^liOiir^ a cocitinuacioii of ibcif in- 
^vificfe Mn4 liifcovcrto ; but pc*<:c ind ifAnquiUit/ bcifig M 
kflgih rcAofrd, thry <>i'^ ictuinrcj ihrU rcirnTtfic Ut>i>urt^ an4 
b«vc pfrfcntcdibc Public wuA th 10 Second VdUcnt oi their t»iU- 

Pcvfijtfd to thii Tofumc wt biw ait •ccouni of tbc lav* anJ 
rrgnlatioM of the fociety, vrhich ii^ in fubdjiice, ih« f^Jii^ with 
ibki aEreajJy laid b«for? our re^dcrit in our foinicr aceo^ni. 

In the yr>i J7&O4 trie ru<Kty was IncuriH>Ti[c(*, by ft ct^Jtcr 
AtfTcd in tie ilTrmbly cf tht 'f«m*fi of ih* comnjun'*c»lih of 
rcnnfiliTAjkift. Tbe c'liMir coniaini notbin^ bur wr»4i u i>fd4 
b Gmibr CifeVj the eUtifcs arc cju:ioijlly varird, ind weJt 
t^ptod to the purpofe of incoiporatirig a ]e*ritc<t body. 

Mr. J, H* Magellan of L^fidon, r.tfrrr^ 10 the foctety ft fi#«- 
feniof lui*£««^f^fA(rn/i», tfa« in<«rett of which to be dtfpoM 
oft in ftttnail ptftniunia, ij the au^b'^rs of the beft difeovcnt^, 
or 90ft uf*ful improvenien^f rdiUftg id nivi^uron, n^iur^l pbi< 
lofbpby, &e- Tbii ^ncf<r?u3 oiFcr «u ihjrikfjkly accepted. 
Alter the eon Jitron< ftiwf rajft for iht difp^l^lof thci> premiunf, 
wc bare « lift 01 the ofiecri anJ oe<nbci« uf tbii f(>cicty, among 
wboot we recognize Vve oftise» of feverjl reCprflable ano learned 
Eu'opefti pbtlt^fophfra. 

The papcft wl^ieh cooipofe ihii tolo«c>JeniifeclUneDOt,ftnd 
foUovr ea<ii otbef wruhout any ref^ariJ to fjLrjfd or connexion \ 
\m tfur ftCContiC of Uhcci wc Iball, howivtr, i>uffuc ouf ufunl nir- 
ihod of arnogement^ «ndf t frpirtie tiejdi, beginnrng wicli riich 
ptpcta fti belong lo 


RcvicHf, vol. xliii. p. jii< 


I j9 TrMn/a^krtJ ^ft^Ji Ammtm Phihfipfneal Sifia^, Vol. IL 

Natural IhsroRY and Philosophy* 
ly^fcription ef tht white Mountains tn Niw Hampfiirg^ By the 

Rev Jtrcniy Belknap. 

Thcfc white mouncaiiis are ihe highcft Jandi in New Englind. 
They are difcovered by vcfTeli comi^ig on the C4flern coaft before 
a!l other land ; cw the fliorc they are vifibfe for 80 miles on the 
)r>uth and fouth-eill (ides, and ire faid to be plainly fefn frora 
the ncrghhourhoijd of Q^iehec, They extend in a diredion 
nonh-eaft and foii(h-wcft. The fides of th« mounuins *tt co- 
vered wiih fpruce trees ; Ehe furface is compofed of loofe rockt 
covered with lone; g^cen mofs, 

' The rockst^ fays our AuEhor* ' of vv!iich tbcfe mountains ire 
cDmpofed, are in Tome pnria Hint, in others Hate; bat toward the 
top, a dark grey llortc, xvhich, nhen broken, fliowj fpecki of ifin^-* 
glaft. Oq the baJd parts of the mounuin^ the lloaea arc covered 
with a fbort grey mof^, and at the very fumniLC the mofs is of a yet- 
lowifh colour, and adheres lirmly to the tack. 

' Eight of our company afccndcd rhc hjghcfl mountain on the 
24th of July, and were iiK hoi!r$ and fifiy-om: minutes in guinin^ the 
fitmmir. The fpruce-lrrs, ?[$ you afcrnd, gro^v fhorttr tilt thc^y de- 
generate to flirubs and bufhea, then vnu meet w/lth low vines bear- 
ing a red and a blue berry, and JaftJy a fort of grafa mixed widi 

' >Uvinff afccTideJ the ftcepeft precipice you come to what is caJN 
ed i}i':f/a'fit ^\f'i itte a^L-at Wcomcs gentle and tutv. T^is plain 

^ffifkehmtfth^jimtritariPhihfiphUMlSKHtf, Vol. 11: 139 

1I5J00 feet AboTft the meadow, the meadov being 3^00 feet aboM 
tbe JereJ of the Tea ; ind ibis feemt 10 be is low an eftimation ai aui 
be idntHted. We JQCeaded to have made a geomeiricil raeafara- 
bOD of ibe ahitdde j but in one phcc where wc attempted it we could 
i:DloI)[4ina bafe of a fulHcieikt length, and in another where thii 
CDfivcpience (we fuppofe our Author meani iifCOnveniencO was re- 
Dovfdi we were prevented by ihe almo[t coatinuil obrjuraciona of 
the mountains by the clouds. 

* — Thefe immenfe heights which I have been defcribing, beiny 
cop]<niny reptctiifhed with water, exhibit 1 variery of beautifuf cu^ 
udei, fome « f whi^h fall in a perpendicular Oieet or fpout, othen 
ire wiuding and narrow, others fprcad on the level farface of fome 
widertck, and thf n gufh in catarafli over its edges, A romantic 
imagination p^y flpJ full gratijication amidfl thefe rugged fcenei, 
if the ardour be not checked by the fatigue of the approach* Three 
of the iargc[t rivsr* in New England receive the greatcit part of their 
waters from this rpoion, Amonoofack and Jfrael rivers, two prin- 
cipal branches of Connecticut, fall from the wcllern fide of the 
mottntainsi PeabcJy rivrr, and another branch of Amarifcogin front 
the north -eallrrn fide, and almoU the whole of Saco dojcrnds from 
the fouthern fli-^ The declivities being very ftcep caufo this latter 
river 10 ri^ very fuddenly in a finic of rain, and as faddenly infobfidc. 
' — Wc found no ftones of ^ljghe^ quality than flint ; no Jime- 
itonc, though we Ericd the moil likely with aquafortis. It is faid 
ihcrc is a part of the mouniaJn where the m.i^netic needle rcfufes to 
iraverfe ; this may conuin rock ore, but our guide could not find 
the pUce- It is alfo faid thnt a mineral, fuppofid to be lead ore, 
ha^ Leen difcovercd on the eaUern fide. One of the fprings which 
we met with in our afcent on that fide aiforded a thick frothy fcum 
and a faponaceous t^Ue. All fearches for fubterra neons treafuret Im 
thefe mountain! have aa jet prove.! frnitlefs. The moll cettait 
riches which they yield »re the frtjhets [we are unacquainted wilh 
this word], which bring down the foil to the intervals beluw, and 
form a fine mould, producing corn, grain, and herbage, in the moil 
fuxuridnc plenty.' 

Thefe ii]OuniJJi>s fe^m to afford ample matter for the obferva* 
tion and FKHmin^tion of fuLur; philofophcrs; they rn:iy contaia 
ivdft fund uf wtaUh, and be the (burce of immcnfo riches to 
the country \ and we doubt not (h^t (he fhoit account here given 
by Mr. 13. wkll ferve to exc'te, in fotne inquifiiive perfons, 4 
deftre of miauiely examining them with a view to afcertdin their 
produdions, both exrernal and internal. 

Tht whdf Prfgrefi of the Silk If^crmy fr»m thf Egg to tbe Cac&H* 
By Dr. John Morgjti. 
This account, which Mefl'rs. H^re and Skinner, filk mer- 
chinis in London, procured for Dr. M. from one of the 6rft 
houf^'S in Italy, contains the Jralian method of managing ihe 
iilt wortus, and obtiiining the raw filk. After the interefting 
and curious method of managing fi)lc wormt in EngUnd, by 
Mjfs Rhodes, whicb we gave in our Review for Decen^^t \&^^ 
page 412, wc jpprchcijd ibe^rcfcat AGcouni^ ihou^\^ un^vajiX 

i[> Iial^, and other pUcci of ntirly the fime climite, will not 

aff^rrd, to an Kn^li^ reader, mtjch cntefUJnmeni or Inforimtion. 

jfccQunt of a I^orm in a Hcrft's Eyt, By F, Hopkinfoo, Efij- 

This very cxtr^ordmarv C2.ic is thus rcTaied : 

' lexamincd the eye «iih all the attention in my power, beinfrno 
w;iy difpofed to c!cdii common report, but lailicr expcding to d^teft 
a fraud or vulgar prejudice : 1 ivas nmch furprifed, however, to fee 
1 real living worm within the bail of the horfc's eye. Thia worm 
vtz^ of a clear whi:e co!(}'jr, in Ji7e and appearance mnch lite a piece 
of tine bobbin ; \i Teemed to be from z{ to j inches in length, which, 
hot^ever, could not be duly afcertainedt it;- whole length never ip- 
pearing at one time, but only fuch a portion ai could be feen through 
the if is, lA'hich was gfcaily dilated. The vi-orm was Ju a coDftant, 
lively, vermicular motion ; fomccimea retiring fo deep Into the eye 
>£ XQ become totally invifibTe, and at cicber time? approaching (o near 
to the iris as to be plainly and djflindly fctn i at icaQ fo much of \x 
a» was wiibiti the Ut\A of the itis-' 

How this animal was conveyed into the cavity oft found eye 
Fi not perhaps eafy to detcrmirie. We could have wi(he(l to 
have feen a mofe accurate defcrlption or the wotm in queftiOD, 
The hoffe, who lived in mtfery, fliould have been killed^ and 
the eye fhould have been diflV^ed, 

OfalivirtF Srrnii in a Ihin^ Ilcrfi'i E\tu By John Morgii]) 

M, D. F. R. S. 

This account coincides with that of the fame c^fe given in the 

It «cAifioft(4 m Hfon^ coatrjd^n in ihc bci<Jia(E nnrV^ fif tnj 
Wen, ftndloMldAM iibiEi«Ujir«1> In it %t>i but. ^a^Mf^nfUf 
loUcrfMjtc ray hinii, I'lrcw ii on '.be eratiW ^ ^l^ixg ^M ofic a 
fcmd tUDf, 111 rciufh k ioto (]k« tuli, I wii» incite llioitj^l; Jiflcded 
ikait trit, ind ifiai noa onl)' my b:iaj£ and armi. buc ihiMi^kiyai 
■f iiW< body : ihr forr put of mr J^^xl 'ixl iMi^lf ptrr of ley k^ 
tdbfd prUdp^llVi >3ii in ih« bni« etiafl«r ti on tMeiving a t^rf 
Ibiv; Ihvck frOO) 4 big'^Ir ch«f»c4 phiil in tf;«drk4] cxpcrioienit.' 

In all pfobihlliiv <hif oiuft bavc liccn (he j^miujirf Wr^rinrf | 
hi ttUlloiit a 4cr<ripCMi^ there cifl hr no ctri'invy : U it be ft 
4>^reni fp«>c», it Ou::*it ("urrly 10 h*^e b«ii iklcitkrJ. 

Ccllin* KU^, 

We find heiv, n In the precrdin^ arrirli-, no hmUAory 4«- 
CeiipCMA «f ibc dUimjl ; the cl«dric\j pr4>pciiic« arc Iboiewhu 
difmnt. li it obfrrvcd if> hire no V^Hrd on crnain confli<u- 
txMi« I and that a pttfoit labnvrini^ wndcr an hcftic fever c«a 
hisdia lie fiftt wkb inpunicyi alibough iu dcAHcjl o* be- 
jiambing powm irv con 'id«rat>ty greiitr and Dron^f Uiin ttij 
vr hiVi; btfc;<cai«t wilh. 

' 1'h« Ml 1 nbcained,* fayi tV AutW. ' got our of tW tub, ind 
tiwu with lome diAculty 1 rtigrft«il it> Tor th« r«p»Kd fbockc J n- 
crixil <)irou^h I pKCt <ff dcftJ UtMd 18 iiichei l^nfi wiili nvLicb t 
aUKnpud 10 lift u> mode iny ariii» '«^ vcrj muciii And for aciodI- 
dciAb:« cisic. I thi^ik ibc iiuaibncit OKurnincil by louchir^ thtt 
•ci conitDQf* fongrf ihkn thii from aa eit&iial Ibork or tHc &ia« 
Ae^K^ ot f<tfC« ( ifld I Kara h^trt AlHired by a j>«rron of good r«nlg 
aad vMtcity, ihiia nccro rc!ti'<»% on b<iag banUrcd Sy ti\t coinpa* 
vmi Ibr b-f feu oftbis c<l, deicrjntQcd to jeivc a proof of h» icfu- 
Itiion. and lucmpr^ lo f^ufp ic ^ieH bntb bandi. The imhtppf 
icnnfe^KAce «4i, a con^riacd f^irilydi of both armf-' 

Otir AuiW conclude* h\i account oi thti ammiTf wiih 1 
prtMijfe of rrpp«iing hi* cvpcrimenu upon l(t mJ tfyjn^ ftvcral 
wfr onrt I vre wdh lie votilki il^b idd a d«l«ip[ioa ot it, iSiC 
naiitrd'Oi ciiy be enabJcJ co difliiigdtili it froiu mJicc fpctict 
polTcflcd o^ tho r«mc <|v»[i(r' 

O^ftrV^Uti M i^tf iinAJt^^ Pti^i^t tf litfiiniu Djr Mf. Jobs 


b tb'A Circvvtftinrial aecou<ir, Mr. Gilpin tnctt ihc ber- 
fin|» ihrou^b ihdr annial cifcuir, wiih grfii accuracyi bf bat 
•Ifo lUudraicd b:ft obVrvatiiMS by a m^p <A tbc AtUnik, ia 
wbicb ihc coiari^ of (be Iboal U milked with pirrition. 

By our Au(hc>r'i oblcmd^ot c^«ic bih ar« lovnd on ibc call 
fiAe ol Ibr Adamic, o; 1 JiSn m (lie Nwih Srj, m tbc fivoitf- 
ftbU vCiicb ot Junct about the IiUndt of Shcilind, whence <b*f 

14^ YranfaiJUns 9f tht Amtrtem Pbihfifiitai Steutf, VoML 

the latter end of Janunrf, arid in Vtrginrft ibout FehrvtTji 
coslling thcncct caltwarii, to Ncvr Englind, they divide^ and 
go inio all the bjy^s rKcis, creeks, and even fmall ilreami of 
Wdter, in ama^Jng quantities, and continue Tpaxvnini in the 
Ircib Wdtcr until the J'luer end of April, in'hen the old ftfh re- 
turn iaco the fi'a. where Ihey lleer northward, and arrive at 
Ncwfoundi^nd in Mdv, wrenee they proceed in a norih-wcft 
difti£lion, and ag;ain crofs the Aihiuie. Mr. GiJpin haa ob* 
ferved, th^t their corning fooner or later up Ihe American rivert 
depends on the warmth or coolnefs of the feafon, that if a few 
wi'm days invite them up. and coo] weather fueccedi, it totally 
cl^pclcs their p^irage, until more warm w^a:her returns, P\oni 
all thtrre eircumltances, our Author thinks, that a certain do- 
^ree of warmth is pfcu!iarly ^gfeeible to them, which ihey en- 
deavour t> ei>i^y by chsnginir their hricude according to tht 
diltance oi' Cttc fun. Thus thry are f:>und in the Briiifh chan- 
ntl in l^rptembcr, but leave it when the fun n at too great ft 
diftance, iinJ puili forward in a more agreeable climate : wbca 
the weather in America becomes too warm, in May, they fleer 
a courfc io the conk'T nofthern feas, and by a prudent change 
of place peipetuilly enjoy that temperature of climate which iv 
hHi ad-ipted to their nature, 

jf^ AcfGutrt effimt Experiments on Mt.gmilfm. By D. Rifienhoufii. 
Conjefture and hypoihcfit form the grciteft pirr f\\ this paper. 

1rm^0i9m ^ ihg JmiTuan PhiU/aphKal S4eittyt Vol.U. 14} 

it on a watch cryHaX it ttiverCcd very well ; that cfld whkh wt* 
Jtfld downw rd tvhcD Jbuck^ becoming a north pole, whcLhcr th« 
flrokc ivu applicil 10 the upper or- che lower end. By turning the 
IbaLb end downwirdi ind flrikJng ic afrefli, (he ma^QCtirm waa 
ddho>pd or reverfed ; and ic was curious xi> obfcrve how very 
tkt\y you mull adjuO the number and force of ihe flrofces, precife?/ 
lo dfflroy the magneiirm before communicaFrd, without giving it 
iDev in a contrary direction. When we held the ramrod dire^ly 
acraft (he tine of the dipping needle whillt it wis ilruck wjib a h^im* 
ner, it did not difcover any Ggaa of magnedfoi. fiut when hdd \n 
Jiymher dt/eflioD, that end which approached nearell to the poictc 
vliick the lower end of the dipping tenils to, always became che 
' north pole. From all thU, does it not ftem very probable that dur- 
ing the cancu^on of the flroke, and whilfl the magnetical panicle* 
•f [he rod w^re moll difengn^ed from chc furrouniJing maiter, the 
jftireptjwer above mentioned Jtizcdihem and arranged them property, 
where, being confined^ the rod af:erw3rdi remained magnetical ?^ 

Thii is undoubted)^ a curious experimetir, and we fhould be 
kippy to 'find (hat tr couTd be made ufe^of fcr rrductn^ the doc- 
triricof m^gnerifm to a certain theory. Mr. Rittenhoufe's idet 
of ihe ■rrangemcfiC of his magnedeal particles, thout^h unfup" 
- ported by dcmonAraiion or ocular proof, is nevf rthcEefs a cu- 
fbij» conjefturc, and may perhaps aFord lii^hi for future Cra* 
weNers in the hithernj lit lie kr>nwn regions of mjgntilf^n, 
J D4firiptioH a/ the Grotto at Suat-^ra. by inc Rev, Peter 

This groito is of confriTerable extent and height : jrs roof is 
fnpponed by numerous [lAla^iiical pitLrs turmed by the dropping 
of a calcareous water* It dors nnt n^ eria!!y difivr from oihcn 
of a like kir>d» Our Author * iters nu corjvdtures corpCerning 
It! fortnatJon ; nor does he give kny anaiyhj of ihe petrifying 

Exptriauntt and ObfervaiUn^ upea what art ctmmsnly atiUd th9 
Sivftt ^pringj. By J- Maddifon, Erq. 
This is B medicinj^ water in Ihe county of Ijotetourt, much 
celebrated for its cfiicacy in rclit^vin^ cnnfu^Trptive complaints, 
and other difotders proceedi:ig from univerfal atony or debiJjcy. 
Mr. Middiftn has, in this p^per, recorded a few eKperimcnta 
vhicb be made on this wjttr. He haii not jMven <iny anilylis of 
it; but fro:n the etfcflj of various metallic folutions, he infers 
the component parts ol ihc wjter to ue a very fmaU quantity of 
cartb combined with an aeriform acid ; tbcacid, however, pre- 

Explanation 0/ an optkal Deception^. By D. RittcnhoufL.'. 

Tbc optical deception bcrc txpUincd, la ihcapp^rent rcvcrfcd 

furface of bodies when looked at chrtmgh mjcroicopes and telc- 

fcopes, vix. that fucb parts of the f^Tfacu as are elevated, ajipear 

^prtffi^l^— »ad the contrary. This optical illufiDn ii uwingto 

144- Butchmfon'f tiiflory eftfx CoutOf Palattm ^thrhax, 

the invrrfion oFthe ima^e by the telefcopt while the light re- 
mains the famci Mr. R in feveraJ cxpcrimenEi, obrerved the 
dccfptfon 10 bercmovird by iiluminaiingfheobjed witharcAe^td 
(which ii alfo an {nvrrr^d) hght. He likewife obfervcd, that 
upon Uking out the glafTcs, and looking through the open tube, 
that the ob]ri5t appeared in iis unnatural or reverted ftaie *bea 
illuiifinatcd with a rcfle^ed Irghi ; a tube Ji neccflary to confine 
the fight from other adjoining objrdts, which not being in the 
fame circumftance?, would otherwife c<^rtt& the imagrnaiion, 
Defrriptiea of a remarkabft RoCK and Ch^CAUt rttOf ibt toefltm 
Side efthi Tou^hhgeny River^ a ^arttr of a Mitifrom Craw- 
fartts Fer'y, and about Twehe MtUs from Union in FuyttU 
County^ in the State of Pennfilvania, By Tnr^ Hutcbiaa* 
This defcription js rather obfcure, ^nd ou^hi to have been il- 
lullrated with a drawing. Any abriJg::itni, wedoubt, would be 
flill more obfcure than the original. The cjfrjde, however^ 
according to this account, certainly exhibiLi a moft finguUr^ 
romantic, and grand appearance. 

An optital ProhUm propojed h Mr. Hopkinfon, and aafwindhf 
Mr. Riitrnh'-afc. 
Mr. H;ipi:inibn holding near in his eye a Hlk handkerchief, 
iighilv ftrttched, and iopking through ii at a lamp which was 
at a confideiable dittdficc, obferved the threads of the handkcr- 
c)iicf to be niiiinifieJ :o ihe fize cf coirfe wires j on moving ihc 

Ihidtw BttU\ »T»J BiftnTp HiificfiiS Sorvfjr, b«i bf lu^ilfo been 

Ivcb ucbtJtcrfk prdl/rccj, m.'iijmcnul inrcri^tioof, dr«win{B| 
nd (»t£iurcnf>l colttC)i9ftft pielefveJ in divert priTitc tihrjrif* ) 
tad tbcr< Alt ciiuoicr^ed ind ickn^wlcd^ed iti a pTclatoiy id- 

Mr. HtJtdtinron open* h\» Jutrodu^Ion with an tulojiam Wk 
ibr IriWiirt uf in hiftorhn : 

■ T&« huntATi geitrm/ r4f> h«, ' knowt not h nobler tWatK ch«ii 
ii»t of cotlefliitf ih« virion «ienU of diftaat timrs. AnJ pUcinz 
tWn in fuch futccStT oricx acd amiiKmciic' » 10 cjihibk a pcrfca 
delineJiTAn of tbr rifi? jnii prngrefi ^f il«m, ihc fiviltuiinnofman- 
fc^nd, and tdvancr; of tticacp^ By ihr Itboan of Lh? hiJlcfrun are 
tnftfnrti*d tic EnJK ncilLtude* which hai^c a:eecdcd oa homin af- 
fiiri, a*d ilis knowlod^v of ihcfc pfinciplcj which inilu«ncc4 ifcc 
pcofjKricr^ 4a Acit » ihc dectloc of cmpiiM : frofii which at!<AJnj£ 
C2iQpJrf, viiUom foimi hrr ni>^!eJ( jinrcvpii. In fuch a rcvicrv we 
become IffteitftH in ih« fiiv of the fc^tnl prrfontgn vho AriT bi« 
tt«pced 10 relntc ntaohind from deriaefi and bar^xrrfm* and oiar 

of b»^o bibitt. lad eukiriicd iJbclioinao mind in (b« fdiooJ m 
IcMCB aad ihc llbml ift«- 

■ Whiff through orxl t/adiiion alonfr intcfdliBjj «v«iiU o*re «m- 
■a>i»Bcd, hift^ry W4i dafk 4nd unccrtaia i liFrocd by ibt fortune* 
of m<n, tftd fefcrir^' Riuiii*tion by the falf of Aitca, mach ob- 
Purity fjequendy cnitlupcd ihe moJl itnporunt ciiin|£n ; f^ir bebre 
the lavenfkuo of terpen, public morunceici ofTc th« chief meina 
of Citing the gteareil a'.ehieveEaeoEf of nahod. ftnd ihe taoH v^on- 
derfal xSi orptoviden(i:il interpofjuf^n, from oV!iHo«, 

* To (vch we 4JC obJttvd 10 rcfbrtt whco ■«« difc^G tbo'c diilanc 
m, in wfckh teitcrs did nx prcv^ilt or rn the co ii;nci whcfc tluy 
fud aoc accepiBtloBv The v^fk of ihe ki^orit^, in (he &fit a^;^ of 
Ikeniitrc, «u bborioui end uapkalitc^ «iv<h depeadin|t on iho 
aaccrui« deaniiiofi of ciableoiatKal aa^get, and myflarioua (radi* 
lioDi; Abiltfc « rcirofpo5li(in tkroug^ uacal{iv4tcd ■»«, nt^b the 
projreia of if nortM tad uocivUised furiosi, farniAied difigrtvablif 
kenci. If i* Tone hjppifiHi to iti, Ifat coripdffio^aze angeti htTC 
ftttb-krid <ho hiimtliaimg pe^trr* from ourejrf.* 

Here wc cinnu< help iim^intn^t t^A? ihc conceit of |^rIc cocn- 
palBoni^c af'gelf maf Sv an icniiiiiion of Sterrtc'a rceordir^ 
aapft, i«rho with a icat ^tolled out ihe cnuy of th« oath [ivota 
bjr Uncle Tuhy % hut, if f>, ii w xvA 4 rtry happy oa»e f 

Ou« Author ibcn proc<«dt 10 givo ibart tccouftu of the 
Dftfidicftl relJgKWi, ihc niiUinert of ihc BiJuanteii ibc i.cccSim 
of Ibt Ro«an» 10 cfiai dilVid, Ihe inctJdi>d>or> of ChtJlTjfiiry, 
like ttwt by vvbtch the Bii^-aciref wcie j^uvcrned, the air;V4] of 
Chv SaKoiH, an^ the <bt< of reStf*'U>n in B'is«r<ii», ir^« kmndomi 
cf Bcnicra and North u a bee Unit, with t fucctlEon of ibckiiigt^ 
ending fit^ Ofveild, and the foundation of the Tec of L-ndif- 
fafnc, tn wbkb the op^jlfncc and hoogur oi Xlbt p>\t!i\ft¥\t <A 

Rtv. Ftb, tpS^. L 'O^x'ikim 

14-^ UutMnCon* i HiJJsry of ihf Cfjuttty Palatine efDurhatm 

Durham had iheir origin- To ihefe TuccMd the Htci of thtf 
Bifhops orLindJAfarnci tbofc of iheBifhopaorChcHcrle Sirccr, 
to which place the corpfe of St, C^thbert wai removed^ »nd a 
new cathfdra! was there founded by Eardulph, as being ntarer 
the rayi\ rcfidencf , then eflabtiOied at York. 

The body of St. Cuthbert being again removed oi) iccount of 
A Dmif\\ inv^rLitif and fettled at JDurhann, the circum {lances of 
IhcbuiiiiiTif^and endowing ihatcathedral arc relatcdj with the livci 
of (tio Irjflinps lo tl^c cunqut^fl ; the efTcfls which that event had 
nn the ccclclbftjcj] fyilem of this realm, and the tights clainvd 
hy ihe niiho;> of Durham in his double capacity of Prince and 
Barin, ^re confidered and explained ; and the l^veiof the BiOiopit 
from Walcher, are continued to Bifhop Egcrton, wi'h whofc ac- 
c^'Hion, in the year i77t, this volume terminates. Attlie end of 
e^cb BiHiup^a lif^, from Walcher downward, is a lift of the officen 
flf the fee. A lift is likewifc given for the year 1785, with another 
of benefices ^nd promotions in the gift of the Bifhop of Durham, 
anri the names of the incumbents in the fame year. 

Oil the whole, Mr, Huichinfon has acquitted himfcif of bii 
tafk in a manner that does honour to his indiiftryf and no dif- 
credit to his abilities : nor was that lafk an eafy one ; the vaft 
power of the clergy in former times making them parties in all 
important nidtters of ftale as well poliijeal as ecclefiaftjcal. 
Hence the hiflcry of the Bifhopi of Durham is in fome meafurc 

HutchtDfonV Hijiary of the CeuniyPalailrje af Durham* 147 

tondoA WIS influenced ; And thac pride pifronted, brooghr forth im- 
placable avcrilon, as hai been feen in hit contefts witb ihe convent, 
ID which it is vvidenc he could not brook the indignity of conrra- 
dldion ; fo highfy did he ellimate \i\s own confcquence,. He was 

E leafed wiih military parade and martial difcipline; but ihoogh 
Ewai deArou^ of a retinue of fotdiers about him, he a^eftcd a feeni' 
iog indifference and negligence towards them ; and flicwed no con- 
cern whilll the groatclt noblca bene the knee to him, and olncers of eJic 
anay waited ilanding aa he fat*. He thoirght nothing too de^ir^ 
that could contribute to his public fame for m^i^^ni licence ; as an in- 
flance nf which» Graydancs tells u^^ one time, in Londoni he paid 
40J. for forty frefh herrings (now about 80/. Ilerlin^ money) when 
dtey had been refufed by the moft opulent perfons of ihe realm^ then 
aflembled in parliamenc. At another time he bought a piece of 
doth, which was held up at fo hi^h a price, tha% proverbialTy, it 
wts faid 10 be too dear for the BiiliDp of Durham, which he ordered 
to Eie cut into cloths for hii fumptcr horfcs- He fdzed the ki»g*s 
palfrey as a dcodand^ it having killed i[s rider in the way to Scot- 
land, within the liberties of hi& p^datinaie. His breach of confidence 
in depriving the (on of Vefey, and felling the barony of Alnwick, 
was derived from a wound his pride received in fotnc contemptaoui 
jell the baftard puc upon hjm, which he never could forgive ; and, 
JB gratifying hia refcntment, he waa guilty of the bafeft perfidy to 
his deceafed friend. He was fo impaiieric of rcEl, th:it he never 
took more than one fleep, faying, it wa^ unbecoming ,1 man IT 
tarn from one fide <o the c:hcr in bed. He was perpetuiilly clih-T 
riding from one manor (o another, or hunting or halting, t hfi;:i?'i 
kts expences were ycty great, he was provident enough never to v\ n.t 
money. Headways role from his meals with an appedkC : and hii 
continence was fo lingular, that he never looked a woman full in the 
face; whence, in th<j iranllaiion of St. William of York, when the 
Other bilhops declined touching the faint's remains, through a con- 
fcioufnefs of having forfeited their virginity, he alone boldly handled 
ihcm. and affiled the ceremony with due reverence. 

" He died at Eltham, 3d March [310. having fai iS ycflrs, and 
V3S buried in the chu[^ch at Durhnm, in the eail Erattfcpi, near the 
ferretory of St, Cuihbcrt, between the altars of St. Adrian itnd ^t. 
Michael the archang^!, contrary to the culbin of hi^ preileccilj^r^, 
who, out of refpc£k to the body of St. Cuthber:, never fjiS'tiu'O <t 
Corpfc 10 come within the edifice, h \^ fajd they dsrcJ not b:i";; 
tbe bilhop*3 remains in at the church door, but a br?:ch wis ^•^,\'\^^ iri 
the wall to receive them, near the place of inierm'.'r.t. fl--' -^'•'•-i 
poDeflcd 0/ great richc;, with fcvcr:\l jewels. vcJiil; [■!' iV r^r, hjr' ., 
and coftly veLlmentj, vi^hich he bctTucathL'J to the cliiuch.* 

* AOb. de Grayftanes — Ang. Sac- p- 71C* 

L 2 Jv^-t, 

( h8 } 

/iRT. TX. Thi Carfi tf tlirlinix » Elegy, ^tO- fj. Edm- 
burgh printed; fold by Johnfon, London. 

THE Author of the poem bcrore us ba^ it r^emf, long in- 
dulged htmklf with contcmpUtmg the bctuties which the 
Carfe * of S'Jrhn^ (or fn other words the view from Stirling 
Cadk) prefeo's lo the attentive obfcrver, SLirling&ire, befide 
being the iheatrf of many important evems, and the refideace 
of feverai Sconilh monarch^, i> a fuuation remarkable for the 
llriking beauties of iis furroundin^ fccnery. Thefe citcum- 
ftances, our Author fuppofe?, would have hern a fufficicnt in* 
duccment for theMufes to have celebrated To diftjnguifhed a 
place. ' They,* fays he, * howrver, continued to abfent them- 
fcivcs, and the windings of the Forth, with all its uncommon 
fccnery, have remained unfung. On his return to Stirliogftiiret 
afier feverai years abfence, he fliU found his favourite fcenc new 
and delightful ; and, glancing ov^ the pidures of his youthful 
painting, be obferved, or fancied he obferved, certain tintr, which 
he conoeived might plcafe, and paHions which he ihnugbt might 
intereli. — He has perhaps deceived himfelf; but in whatever 
Ught he may appear aa a poei, he flatters himfclf^ that, among 
other motives for publjfbing The Carfe of SttrUng^ the foilowins 
will at Icaft fcreen him from public ctnfure- 

* A love of nlf:arurc and diffiDdtion has row fo comoTn 

Monro m tht Stru^urt and Pb)jato^j of FrJhUf &c. L49 

we Have rdc^cct the following ftanzas, where the poci, after 
liiving dcfcribed ihebeauiiea of the plice^ lamcf>UthcpfOpcafit^ 
vfiUiphtbiiaotfl for traveling fiuthward : 

' Lur'il by the foand of Pleafure's baleful flraLCM, 
Tby foDi, fad maciDn * I now ungraif fui Hy ; 
Lcive thy uncuIturM iields and flowery plains. 
To court a WU-mer fan and miMcr fky ; 
Yet Out] the bard who poun thcfe fervent fays 
Enjoy ihy injur'd cJjarms, and Highi^d cliine, 
Trace thy wild bsautiei, ardent while he ftraya 
Through all ihy h-iuata romancic and fublime, 

» « « « 
The vinvd landfcape, nark'd diflinA «nd clear. 
Of lawn> and mountaint hamTet, Areanii and grove, 
Aod golden broom-hanks glowing fdr and near 
The ancient (rati of fong and paEioral love,' 
Many parts of the performance rcmmd us of Gray's manner, 
which our Author feems to have imiiatrd with fome fucccfs. 
The concluding Aanza, where cur Poet fupplicaies the guardian 
u^l of the land, ift an inftance: 

' Vet let him f wander hLmelefs by ibme Rream^ 
LoH to the crowd, cho* not to peace unkno^vn. 
While Arains like chefe diifure a frequent gleam. 
And mild comentmrnt claims him for her own.' 

Art, X- ^i* Struilurt and Phyjislogy of Fijhes explained, and ctfi- 

«ired vith thofi cf Man and other Animah ; ilJuftraied with Figures, 
y Alcxaoder Monro, M. D. Fellow of the Royal College of 
Pbyiicians and of (he Royal Society^ atnf Profeffor of Phyfic, Ana- 
tomy, and Surgery, in the Univcrfiiy of Edinburgh, Rojal Fnlio. 
aL 39. Boards. Kdmburgb, Elliot; London^ Robinfons. 1785. 

y'^\OMPARATiVE an*tomy, when porfucd With a deiign of 
\^ improving ^nd elucidating that necefHry branch of medical 
fcnowkd^e, p^ohgy, \$ a ifudy which merits the pecuJur at- 
tention of every rational phyfician-, and we are happy to find 
that it has To much engaged the thoughu of a gentleni'in, wnofe 
iccitricy in obfcrving, and acutencfs in reafoning, render hia 
vorki truly valutible and intetefling. Aa we are fcniibic ["ar Dr. 
Monro's chara^er and reputation cannot be hci^hieoed by any 
commendation of ours, we fhall briefly give an account of the 
obfervairons of ibis ingenious anaiomifl^, on a fubjedt which, 
though Sightly treated by former naturahfts, ii, nevc[thctcfs, 
curiooa and innportanr. 

The circulation la the firft obje^ of our Author^ enquiry. 
The heart of £{hes is fimpie^ confiiling only of one ventricle 
and one auricle, P'rom the ventricle one anery is fent out, 
which carries the blood 10 the gills ; and thence the blood pafTei 

* Scotia, t The bud hiaife\f, 

L 3 \<s 

1 ro ^ionio an d^c Sim.^iurc and Phyftokgy ef F'tjhcs^ tcz, 

to ail ihe other parts of the body, without the intcrventiaa of % 
feconij vepiricle At ia min tnd uiiiiuli wttfa wihb Wood. T^iii 
was IcnowD beForc* but Dr* Monro trtcet^ with jftrtftecanjc^ 
the whole courfc of the blood, ijid maka fet«r«l' citloii^aiuf in- 
ter cfling obfcrTations, which bid hitherto efctped'liie-nouGC'of 
the ichihyologifti 

At the beginning oF the brancfaiat are tbne femilutiar vilveti 
the middie pans of which, apalogoua to the nrp^a^ w^fSffu^ 
are much thicker than in man, add llluftrate ih« ufe (tf nm or^ 
gans in him, as fhey evidently prevent the retuin of the bJood 
into the heart when the artery ii to a^ioti. Bctweni clie& 
Vilvej and the cavity of the reiUnck, a cyiiodncal cattftl ia uh 
terpofed, the coats of which have the fatne mufcuUr textore 
as the ventricle itfclf; whence^ and the cootradioo of tbcft 
mufclcs, which ca-opemea with that of the vencricle, oar An- 
thor 11 led to perceive, more evjdendjr than in the kumiB -bcAlj, 
the very great analogy between the flrudure of the art«4cfc tarn 
that of the ventricle. The whole mafa of the blood ii eomrcjcd 
by the branchial artery to the furface of the gilli* which^ ia t 
flcate, acconjing CO the Doctor's calculation, ii upwirdrof i^\ 
fquarc feet : for on each fide arp four double gilb, or gilla witl| 
two fides each, and one fiiigle gilt \ ihit is, i9 fides or fiirfacc* 
on which the branchial artery is fjiread out; On each of thefb 
lidee arefifty diviltonsordoubliDgi of themembrajieoTthe Kllli^ 
each divlfion has oa each fide of it, T6a HibdiVifions, fbldi,~tt 
doublings of tta membrane, tht length of each of whicb k cM^ 
cjj-hth of an inch, and. its breadth about one-fixteenUi of^tn 
inirh \ ^^> thiU Ell i>Jc whr>lt' )^\\\ ihrfc arc i4>,r;co 1 jij^jfilioii^ O' V 
f^ilJiw the two fidei G\ e^cfi of which arv tojcrhcr caU4i tQ tho 

MoDTQ M iJ^ So-iiclure and Phy^is£y cf FiJ^fSt &c» '5* 

■ Prom the divifionsaf the branchial arteries into exceedingly mt- 
pQlc brancheit we fhould fuppofe, that (he force of the llroke of ibe 
hatt upon the blood muH be very mach broken and loll before the 
blood ecu IDCO the branchial veins ; and in fafl 1 faw no pulfation 
ID the oranchei of die aorti of a Uving flcate. Hence, in the £rft 
|)Jicc» we may infer that the brHochiaJ veins are not made chick and 
tovgb) meicljr to enable them to reQil the i^fj a urgo. 

' Ai Jb much Jlrength and cUQicity in the branchial veln& ate not 
Dcccflary for merely rcfxHing the force of the blood, or that more 
Irength and elatlicity, than we oblerve in our pulmonary veins, wero 
not oeceflary for receiving or for merely conducing (he blood to the 
other part} of the body, wc mud fuppofe that thefe thick, tough, 
nd claflic coats are of a living mufcular nature, and that ihe pro- 
greflion of the blood through fhe red of the body nf The (ilh depends 
Quch on their aflivlty. We daJl Hill more readily admit that the 
Kttfcular power of the vellels, and particularly of the aiteries, is ue- 
ccflary for the progrelTion of the blood, when, proceeding a Hep 
^her, we ohfcrve a third circle completed in the liver-^ 

' Applying to man tvhat wc have observed of the velTels and circu- 
Jatioh in GQiCf, wc in the rirll place receive flrong confirmation of an 
opinion 1 have always taught. Thai our arteries are of a mufcular na- 
ftu« ( and that their aftivity is eiTcntial in circulation, fecreiion, and 
ether important ofHccs^ 

' In the next place we conclude, that the alternate prefTurc of ihe 
diaphragm and abdominal mufdes in refpiration, is not, as fome 
bavc fuppofed, the principal caufe of the motion of the blood through 
the liver ; but ihat [he motion of the blood and fecrcticin of the bile 
depend chicily on the mufcular Urudure and aftion of the vena por- 

The glandular organs and fecre^cd liquors come next under 
the Dofior'a confidcrationt and here the re;idcr will find itiurh 
cnatter of curio5ty; fome erroneous iheortes ire, with re^fon, 
reje^ed ; efpecially fuch as have been built on principles that are 
DOt founded on f4^s or epiperiT^enis. 

The three followjng chapters contain dercriptions of the lym- 
phatic fyftenif with fume obfcrvaiiuiis on the uTe of the fplren. 
Here apain our Author lefutes ihv opinions of former anatDmifls. 
* Mr. He*fon/ he fays, 'appears lo have left this pjrt of phyfio- 
loCT involved in nearly ihe fjme obfcuriiy jn whicn ht- fuuml it/ 

In the fubfcqucnt chapter, Dr. M- uttcmpts to t^ablifh his 
cUim to the firft difcovery of the exigence of the LiScjl and lym- 
phatic fyftem) in birds and amphibious animals as uetl as fiOic^^ 
in oppoiition lo Mr. Hewfon's pietenfions ; as far a^ wc arc able 
tojudge of the matter in difpulc, from what is here advanced. 
Dr. M. feems to maitcgocd his claim. 

After defcribmg the brain and nervous fyftero, our Au'hor 
proceeds to the organs of fcnfe. Jn all fifties, external openings 
Of Doftrils for fmclling are very evJ'Jent ; generally two on each 
Ucy leading to a complex organ, the fuificc of which \so^<:*i\\- 

L 4 fvi«A»\* 

152 Monro mthStrmSan tad Pbjfiiltgj_rf^fia^ltm^ 

fiderable extent \ upoa ihcfe, lermiiitte b piirof large dhdtrf 
nerve^^ whh the iddidpo erf ft'frv bnncbei ffOM 
femblin^ our fifth piir. fa feme fiibcSt eTpcdttfy^ 
the Dudor bii dbferTed thit the olbAorf nerte, ia ht 
from the head to fhe no&f |»8bi throU|h i ciBCriCiMt Wf*'*f#fr 
fembting the cinerUiom flifttter conneeled to bar olfbdbrf «ii*ii# 
within the cnniuin, * There cin therefore be oo^ottbc,' ^fl 
he, ■ thatthe^cnjdy the/enfeof fincllingi niy^ there Uckvttn% 
ioD to believe, tha, fuited to their furroundlKw eUaieit» th# 
■re much oiore rcnfible of odorouibodie* diflblvu la mtcr^iWif 
applied by i» medium, than we fliould bp, if the aippUwivi^ 
the objcd W49 to be made to our ofgu of fmdl by the 

dium/ d^l 

The llruftare of ibe eif in f^fh«« hse been To fitTleexvfinlH 
till of hie, [hat it haa been • di^ubc whether they pofleiTcd orgini 
appropriaieJ w hearing, Swaminerdirr, in hij Bihl Niitur. pi« 
11!. mentbni a wondcful Ubyrfnch of the car in 6DiC5, but 
moH ^iiaEcnufts fincc his lime have cuntejned ihemfdvcs wiil^ 
pointing out, at the organ of heaiing, facs at the fidci of tht 
brarn canidming flony rubHinccSi wiLhuut pretending to fliciM 
any external piJTagefl lejdmg to thefe (ack^ or the nerves or me^ 
dium by which they arcconneScd with the brain of the anioial. 
As lh« dcftrripcfon of ih^ ear in fifhes is new and accurate^ WQ 



Monro 0s fitf StruJJKT^ and Ph^9^ tf Fijits^ k<. 1 5 1 

difbovef Ji<» (ticH openin2 id 't^^ ^^^ or ihc hKldock. Very lirne 
acnc< are Hxcil to ib« bulbous f^rtt ot ihf Tf^ictrcul^r canil«t 

■od, fprracLiag out upiij» ttum^ br«in« fiiJilrnlv pfliucjj, Q^ 
Ike Uc whtch cocUi:)5 ibe Ur^< ilucf, efpr^MJly m l^ cod, ,« 
Co«iiider«ble ociire it (^ictA in il vkjA c'cgjul uHTt.icr. Tbe 
cu»4b and fac conuini bclLJe ihe IIomf, a v>fcid ktfftOuri 
ind u the Crmicircijlar carr^U icc jxoch fn-uJlcr thia Ibe C4*rt^ 
0^ the booc or ciriiU^r uhicti oonuini tnrm, (iHrf .r« sKu, b«* 
lirtTd ib«tf ou^cr i>m 3fid ibe bor*c nr ciriiU^c, a con1;iJcr4bl0 
t^uiniity of Yifci<t hiimr>Lrr. Tn ihr c^J^ hMTdi^lr, lad \hc wbote 
t^s» of K'^^H * nunabcr <jI^ fiml! J^hcroidil Oodbri (wJ'jcli the 
IXi£tor iiif fiiund to form pu( nf thr nrivaui rv(^«m} ik ahE'irfVJi- 
ble wrtbm ibi» ^iviijTf IIjiiutj^ in th< vikid hacnour^ »nd Tup- 
poricd by rill]! fibtr» of vcirdu 4nii itrrvcf* Stvci»l of ibc or- 
|ilAgin<o<ti Albet^ fhe n|A, fiqu-^jy*, jcc hue a mrttui aud^BO* 
liai »;ciiiiit| through Ahicb'thc foijiid ii connryrd by a vaitry 
VtiVid Ijqiiioc tQ ihc inncf fi<:o o: tbc mcmtw;th<i oi e^o r<iifieir- 
cuIat CJiai^f iikd (ac; but in the oQcoiu 6fbc», tnJ Tome qI 
Itw cwiilagrnecui onn^ Dr. M* bu nor bf«n able radikover 
jojr nxjiia» 44Jiiorit»& txicrnaj, lod n indiocd 10 ibink that 
ibcy really have hoe on^t ^'^^in ibc conCiddUiMi^ that thr com* 
noQ c^iJ or v<ftit>Lik, wb<tc ihe ihrc« fcoiLCifCuUr on^ih c>;<ni- 
muiiiciir, U fcpaf4Ccd from ihc caviiy t^t Lbc cr^ttiutb b^ i ihta 
meoibrAnc oaly ^ aod tbit tftn civitj, m in? gitttrt ivtiabcr o^ 
BOhi, cQuuinia vri:tE)- liquor in confidciaMc ^ufniii) 1 and 
ibar, bj" t3c thiBnefi ot (be ciiniiiQIf ifascrenor cMittcJ by ar 1b- 
Doroai bi>if ma/ mdiljr a&d CA^Jy be irjnfi&itCcd Ihrou^h thfl 
cnnium to the w^tt wi^bin it^ ai»d (o to inc rar. 

Tbc eye la ikxC ddcnbcd \ la irctiing or wb^cb, tbe D>£li>% 
ifur making Ibme cur^ty rcmarka on ti\c coiu, cuDbdrrt tli« 
buAorjji, (Q<jf uMurc, Ijjcciiic ^lAviiy^ lli'P^t '^i)^ power* of 

Our Author concludes with ibe anttony of two woniif| 
Damclf, the StfiaUii* ukI ihc EiU^^s tJitiiiMtMt* Tbc Uiitr 
ifibrd* £r»e opporiuAiiy for invcflig^Ling cbe Urudutc of ab- 
lotbeoi nficU, and obJcrvinji bow ihcy perforin thcit o&ec But 
It i> toully in^>o4&bte 10 give any accounC of ibcCe two ariiclei 
triibout tbc 6(urcf , 

Tlte Dbnicroui fiFiiti tccooiparyirjc ihii work ar« nolli 0/ 
ihcm Urge folding f^iceis vrhitb, tti^Hi^h tbcy bjc adnurally 
aia^d to iiludralc the I'ubjti^, are, on actoacii of Ehcii cujfir- 
B«&« by no mean* plcafin^ to 40 cy« KCottooitd to tb« c]<i;ia<« 
d/ modcifl ai^rjvio^u 


( 154 ) 

Art, XL 

Art- I- TJosiTioNEs Physics, quas^ annuo Inhere^ In fibclU^ 
X &c, PropofltJons in Pfaylics, or a Syllabus ofaCourfc 
of Le£liires in Natural Philofophy, delivered by J. H, Vas 
SwjNDETi, ProfciTfjr of Philofophy, Mathematics, and Aflrono- 
iny, in the Academical School, Amflerdam ; Member of fcvcral 
Lhcrary and Philofophical Societies. VoL L 8vo. Hardcwyk. 

The ingenious ProfefTDrwas induced topublifh this laborious 
Vfoxk, which he had drawn up for his own ufr, from having ex- 
perienced the inconveniences arifing from the want of a icxc 
book in natural philofophy. in which each branch of this exten- 
fivefcicnce is explained withfufficientfTiinutenerSf and the late dif- 
Cover:<^a inftrted in their proper order with rtfpcft to the whole, 
fo as to coniEi[ute a regular and complete fyflem of phyJics. In 
moft of the works nc^w pubtilhed aa elemenrs of natural philofo- 
phv, the Cdlier and more entertaining pans are copioufly dJf* 
cuflcd, but the more difficult, yet equally important, are fcarccly 
attended to i anJ maihrmatical inveftrgalion, though efTenfuTly 
requiiltc in philofophical inquiries, la by many entirely neglcfled, 
or ifcfii^nedly omitted* 

Foreign Litesatdrk. i^j 

Thele Gx books contain the elements of genera! phyflcs, which 
relate to the propcrtiea of matter, and are founded chicBy oa 
mathematical principles. Frooi thefe our Author proceeds to 
paitictdars, and in the fevenih book treats of air, and acrlforoi 
fluids i: in the eighth, of fire and de^riciiy ; in the ninth, of 
light ; in the tenth, of physical dynamics. Under chja Jail head, . 
be cotifidera the various kinds of attradton, the cohefion in<l 
clafttciiy of different bodies, and the powers of the nugoct, &c« 
Jn the eleventh book he inquires inio the elements of bodiet^ 
and in the twelfth, concludrs his courfe with meteorology, which, 
he obfervcs, J5 the mo^ difficult branch of phyfics, and cannot 
be explained, or even comprehended by the ftudent, till he is 
welt verfed in the fubjc£b of the preceding books. 

The Profeflbr has diftributed bis propofitions into three 
claHes, diftinguifhfd by the fize of the letter m which they are 
printed. The firA ctafs comprehends thofe principles, which 
arc neceJDiry to all who would acquire a clear and well-founded 
knowledge of natural philofopby ^ thefe confliiute the text of 
bis pubhc leisures. The fecond contains propositions of a mort 
difficult, kind, calculated only for chofe who wiih to cultivate m 
more particularacquaintance withphyfics. The third clafsconfifli 
of fuch as are propoled for the further inveftlgaiion of perfont 
vbo have made a confiderable progiefs in thefe ftudies. Tbit 
and the fecond clafs are defigned only for private leflurcs. 

After each propofition, the ProfelFor refers to ihnfe authora 
by whom it is demonftrated and explained ; and chefe references 
arc the more valuable, as they extend to the beft p^pert concern- 
ing phyfics that have been pjbijfhcd in periodical works, and in 
the Tranfadions of mofl of the focieties and academies of Eu- 
rope; fo that this work mav fcrve as a general philofophical 
index, or common-place booki from ihe propofitions themlelvcs, 
the reader may learn the principles which have bi^en eitabljfhed, 
and, by ibc references annexed, he is direcled to ihofe writita by 
whom they have been provrd and illulirated. 

Such is the plan and defign of this l^iborious work; tvbich, 
though not calculated fyr the miny, m^y he highly ufcful to 
academical ftudents, and to thofe t.viiufe ofHcc it is £:> jnlltui^ 
youth in this noble fcicnce. 

Art. 3. Erfarunghen von innnti^ h'Z. i./. Obfervaijons on the 
interior andextenor Stru^ure of MounijJnB. By Vi. M- Hh l>K 
TttERRA- Folio. 24f pages, and 8 colouicd Piiiies. Dcfljuand 
Leipzig, 1785* — This woik is fplenJid and iiiiEru£live. Ic 
contains a great variety of exccIUni obltrv^rion^, relative to a 
branch of natural biflory, which is yet, perhaps, but in the dawn 
of iti progrcfs toward perfcilion* 

Art. 3. jtnfangs-Gritiidt d^Tj&zc, if. Elements of Chemiftry, 
considered in its Rdatioa and AppUcation to the utcluV K11&. ^^ 


Monthly CATALooai, MaiBmatict, 

M. Gi Ad- Suckow* %va, 545 pages. Leipzig. j-jSs*~ 
Thia work U deiigned to enable artifta and tradefmea to condud 
their operations upon fcjentific and folid principlei, aod t4>pre- 
ferve them from the error* that fo frrquentJy arifc fr»iii uo- 
cnlrghtened pra<3ice. All attempts to render the fciencei appli- 
cable to the ufes and wants of Jife are truly commendable^ and 
a work of thia naure, fo well executed aa the prefcat, ou^t 
ro be tranAated into all languages. 


For FEBRUARY, 1787, 

Art. 12. Thi c^mptnftious Miafurer\ being a brief, yet compre- 
hcnfive Treatifc on Mcnfurarion and practical Geometry, With 
an TniToduf^ion to Decimal and Duodccitnal ArjihrncEic; adapted 
Xq the Ufc of Schools and Pra^lice. By Charles Huttoa, hh, D. 
F-R-S. &c. Svo. 3f. bound. Rotnafoni. 17S6. 

MOST of our mathematical readert are, we prrfume. acqaatnted 
with the Lreadle on menfuraiion formerly publifhed by Dr. 
Huuon. The preleut performance 19 vnlikc that comprehend ve worJc, 
boih in manner and matter. We have here a compendium of praflical 
menfuraiion, accommodated to the ufe of the ^tilT,or the f^udent, who 
ilhea to acquiie a knoAWfit of the practice, MJiliout the tlieorv, of 

jmi 1>T tlk* conk (tidioDi require each a tepnuic nla tot Cadifi^r 
^nrcoattotri hth mtlapttcKf of tdci u n lat burdcQ co the 
Wsrr'ioartPOfy: la cnirr, honrcvrr, to rtowtjy thu iurcnTrrj^rnfv, 
Dr. H, hu ittvcD t Itw fviti thK «tc apfHubJe 10 everv e^^Drc fc<- 
tLO« t lor ialUtc«r the id nU f«r ttniag the klidifjr of mb eliipii* 
<lJ fp«iiJl«i will kivv for tfjif >^i/ EccerhieJ b> tbc tev Jib^ta of 
j^ t99ir/t^i*9 I \liv Ue%z cia> ^ Jtid o^ iSe r aTc Tvr finding tke Jb- 
Aif^ oC 4 frdlvni, or iF^mrai of jn rlliptjcal fprn^Hc^ — drcuA- 
tuCM tvhicb rvD^e^ i^t ir^vlunr^vn of ihei'e oodie* «i(riii>cJr 
£Mf4ffr >»<J wbkki in^rp^ndeat ol other »cclkncj?i lo be met with 
ia thu ccnipcb^tun, Afe Aiufficicni rccocnmcAd^tloa of iL to ihe 

Aji. I J. ^/a Swir^Jfi^v And Ntttt 9n Mr. Bir£t Mrthid 1/^ 

^Jsm[ ^Srtmtmtt*/ ttj^'^mcMO. To wbich I) aikicd, ■ Vix^buWy 

of iioflil)k 9ti4 FrvQch tecl^nicil Tcrrma* By W, Liullajn, bi« 

Fdlu«r of 5<- Jclka'a Collc^r, C^mbriJvr- fto. it. fieveL I7IJ6* 

Wfcrn Ur< Kud wrCMf hit ir«:uf« on dividing itlfoiomic^ tnilro- 

ffeatt *, be oa!v laid dowa fuch pnfticaj rul«( u mighi be Bf^ful t9 

*«ltine&( w k* v«t, b} i\e otd«r oi [ke Commi^oncn uf Icttgu 

Lcde, pn>f«fidtj Hrkiajt not ;o f»«Lh<ii«D<uai. Wc to tad^oaieiiCa 

Buktn. Mf. LodUm, whi^fc mHThenuticil knQKi\f6^c tmiOet htm 

«D • ^ilfingiiifbH ptac« imong the f^rofe fori of thii fc^cnce^ wm* 

«ilb oiktM. <apJoy«il by Qit coramtHionfr* to iafpr^l Mr, Dird'a 

ActWl &r «^«Ti4ifi(. Mr. L. 41 Lhii time, look notci cf tvery pif- 

ikelv t^ac frcscd Wftnilng to irndcr Mr< Bird'j ueaufe ccmpJeie, 

ltd to exp'iia che priociplri on »hicb ihc method it founded. 

Tbdf lOTCi ifr^kr fobfl^ftte cf ihc firifbi prrfoMn^nce. 

Tike ittioo «hf ihty rr\s.kt their public ^pbeartnce foloo£ efur 
tley Bcre &ft Kri(tcn> ia, loprifcric a dear Itaontcd^e of i^ old 
»aj, in irhich ihc brll ictlfuijjntTi In cmj o^fcjriuiry ib £umeo 
were tilrided, aatil ihr tevif rrifibc^, La:e1y publilhcd by the U«ir4l 
&*eifliy. which h dltfercoi both b piindplc uid pri£ijft frotn uty 
•tber biibcno propofed, Oiatl be ^tnenlly uAcI, lad iu fupciktr cjt- 
cellcMc pjov<d by cvj^cricaee- 

Tke Pdblic ia ii> iLdnc nie.fWrc ia^btcd Tor t^U ufeful ivoric 10 
Aitx. ABb«ti, Z(q. II wbofe drCre. intf it whofeexpeoec (v the 
i/ijf«ii;G^i Anihor inforn-'i 9t in ikt Prefjcv]i it ii ptiblifl'ed. 

iJlc yHAimUry wilJ S« founi of &4gia|ir uJe to bafliA re*clcit of 
Fnatb booka <»d tic fuijcd ofpreflkjl mecbinict, r*4icc the teehaU 
ril worc) ind piuifca <Kgariiog ia them irc tan in the tontfiioit die* 
Ik>a4#ica of tha- iangua^e. 

Aft. 14. TbtiJn,vt^iC^iiMUt$r\ tt the Merclut*^ TrA^ff- 
»aQ'a. asd FasiiJy*! AlLiUst* Itc^njc *n ciitiie sew aod com. 
plree Sec of Tabro, idap^cd for Dt^Utt in e^ciy H<4Bcb of Tnc^ 
^ br WboiefuJcor Kciid, ^«o i» bouad. U*:if. 17V&. 
B WciLk or' ihu bftd caik oftly W nfefuf orhen tbr> >re %i<MrUn\f 
^■cespHte^ ) vr difcoru no citvrt to (hit, n^kh v%r hire uiajaiqfd ia 
^Vfnm] plicei ; *a4 «rc c'kicIm'c to^clvic, thai ti nnj be «ccura;c 
^thfov^hoat the v<b«le, T;ic uble> Hutw tbrioicciii or vajtie of a»y 

* t>c« a« aBple accouot of thu wjsk itt Ken^v, rol. joxiiii. 
P* at^ alfti tot. li. p. 9;. 



MoNTHLv Catalogue, Antiquittis^icc. 

number or quantity of gocJj, from i to 10,000, at aJl priceSt froid 
.1 FarLhing 10 :o HiiJUng^ each. There are alfo tables whJch fhev 
the price of ihc parrs of [he whole* with othen of (everal Icindi reU* 
tive to brol:crage, commiflion, exchange, fajariei, &c, Ad 
A M T I Q^U I T I E S, 

Art 15. Hifisriid^ Monumintat. and Gtntahgiea! CoiUiittms, re- 

Indve to the County of Glouccller, Printed fron> the original 

P;iptra of the late Rijlph Bigland, Efq. Garter Principal King of 

Arms. No. I. Folb. zs. 6d. Wilbie. 17B6. 

Mr. Eis^laiul, itlioui ^o yeara bi-fore his death, mudc a colledion 
of ninrLumtnt^L Inknjf'.ion^, w:th a vieiv to obtain certain infbrmjl-> 
11(111 relative tn ihc p-sJIc^rce of families. Thjs work, which was left . 
uitliniilirJ by the ljlh;.T, is no^v completed and pubHOied by Mr, 
Richard IJiji'fHTnd, his fon. To the curious in monarnenial infcHt>* 
rif'n?, and church-yard records, this prrformnince will afford enter- 
i.iirjmeni, ?,nd may be accepted as a fupplcntcnt to Mr. Rudder** 
' General Hiitory i-f GlouceJleuhire/ which we noticed in otir Re- 
\\i:\Vt vol. Ixiii, p, 10, 

M E n T c A L. 
Aft. 16. A'Trcci'ff tn the hftuntct of the Af^'^n in FiVers., Bf 

J-rancis Edfcur, M. D. %vo. i^. fid. Printed st Calctiica. 

Fd in burgh reprinted, nnd fold by Robinfons, London, 1786. 

Kxpcfience ard obfcnaiion form the hafts of Jncdical priilice, 
anft unfupportcd by ihcfc, the moft fpecioas theory avails but little. 
'Ilie prcfrnt perfornnncc is purely ilic rcfult of obfcrvations made 
-.:-. ilic courfc of fourteen yc.irs c.itcnfivc praflice, confirming tht 

Monthly Catalogue, Mtikat. 15^ 

tenr, tt tlicfe periods, with as much confidence aa he could roreccl 
Ibc nvolaEion itfelf. The rcmlttcntj, a» wdt as intermittentj, are 
obferred, both wich regard to their £rft attack and their evacerba- 
dou, to be fabje^L to the fame inHitence. 

Id the cure of thcfe fevers, Dr. fi. has found, thit after proper 
. erica ations, the bark always fuccecds, bat more efpeciaUy and ef- 
lefiBalljr durinz the interval between the full and change, and the 
(bage acd full moon ; but for particubrs wc muit refer the tncdi- 
nl reader £0 the book, where he will meet with much informa^ 
Lion, tnd mioy curious, as well as ufcful, remarks. 

The fubjtfl is andoubiedly of the uimoll importance, for we have 
Bodifeife which U more frequent, and accendcJ with more danger, 
ibia fevers in general; nnd whoever iiveftigatcs their nature, or 
vumpts to unfoid 3 principle, on which a fuccel'^ful mode of prac- 
tice may be eftahlinied, jufLly merits thethanki both of the ph)'fJcjaB 
and the patient. 

Art. i7» ji R^ffly to Dr. Berfcenhout's Dedicaiion to each indi- 
vidual Apothecary in England, prefixed to his SympEom^LoZoj^y, 
By Somebody, who i) a Friend to C:indour. Svo. is. Rjving, 
tons. I jib. 

A poor attempt to refute the judicious remarks vvHtih Dr. Berlt^n- 
hout, in the dedication to his Symptomatology, msde on the A^iteof 
B>edical practice in England *. The Auihor of this repiv \i doubt- 
kfi confcious of the jollice of the Doftor'a cenfufp; he fcema to feci 
the iflfh with impaiience, but he wants flrength fufficicnt 10 rcpci ihe 

Art, 18, Tht fing'lar Cafe ^f Q Lfidy^ v;ho had the S'na]] Pnx 

during Pregnancy, and who communicated the Dileife to i!lj 

Fcioj, By WilJiam Lynn, Surgeon. As rc^d ^t thc.Kojii ^u- 

cicty in February 1786. Svo. 6d. Mjcrci. 

This we cannot ihink a fingohr cafj ; 11 h^^ ofic** occurred in 

pradice, and is confiltent with the general thcrry ci tSc dir-iife. 

See Philofophicil Tranfadions for ihc year i/^y, where fix fuch 

Tifes are recorded. 

Alt. J 9, A ^yfttm^f AnatumyyUom Monro, IV inflniv^ Inrjfs, and 
the laieft Authors, arranged, a? nearly as the NaiUTe of ihc Wcrk 
would admit, in the Order of the Ledurcs delivered by the Pro- 
ffffbr of Anaiomy in the Univcrfity of hdinbuff^h. Rvo. z VoL, 
tviih Copperplates. 15^' bound, Edinburg^i, Elliot. London, 

Such ii the tiHe of the work before us. Turning over the advcr- 
lifementof ihe editor, and the table of content?, wc m-t wiih 
ther; A Sjjitvt tf Anaiomy, Fart I^ ccntm»in^ tht Anatomy tf tht 
humiM Bones, hj the Ute Alexander Monro, ^I.D, I, J< S t5V. 
Ccnng on towards the middle of ihc ill vol. we fnund another litlc- 
pge ; A Syptm of Ataloirsy, Pert IL c^fuaiifir-i a Dc/cri/thn of tht 
Ihmam Alujciet, thiefly as thty appear en D'£lJictt, t'igttbtr luitb their 
ftiferai Ufes, end the Symnym/i .f tfye htji Ar.thrs, fry J^kn Inm:. 
And fo on. The compiler ha^ made t.'^.e Oi rhc wv^ii upproicd 
■riieri, yet we think ihe authors ihemT'lvc^, rtiil'ouc mutilaiion, 

• See Rev, vol. L':\iv. p. 3]^, 


Monthly Cataloouk. Politic^h 

prefertMe to thii mode cf edition. The copperplates tTt in manf 
pUcei conrafcd tnd obfcarc ; xht fcalc on wbich ih(^ arc drana it 
much too fmalL and <hc tngraying is coarfe. 

jAn, ao. TA/ Domejiic Pby/icisr: ; or Guardian of Healfh, Potnt- 

irg out, in ihe moll familiar Manncrr ih? S^mpcoiTis of cvcr^' Dif- 

ordcT Jndd^iLt lo Manldnii ; together wich their gradual Progrcfs 

and Kcihod nF Cure: pariicularl^r adapted to ihf Vfeof pritite 

Familifn, iliDiir»h equally cfTntial to thej^aciilty. By B_ Cotd- 

Kvell, M, L- 8vOh 75. 6d- bonnJ. Murray, 

Conilrucled ifpon the plan of Bu^hin'j Famifj Phyf.dax^ but 

mifcrnbly C7:ecu[cd. The tompil^iuQn \% irjadicioua ; and every 

pa je afford 1 f-Ifc fppllingSj typograjtSitd errors, or inacciuactu ctt 


AtI. 71. An jfnfiuer ia the If'^nciUn Drnper't Litter on ihcFrtnch 
Treaty ; addrefled 10 the People of Englind, but more tfpedtMy 
to the Woollen Manafit^uterj, Svo. is. 64. Brodka. 17S7. 
Wc do noi Rnd one of the Woollen Driper'i arguoicnts invalidaicd 
by ihU abufive aofwcr : and wc think the priodplcs of the Aotbor 
are a^ conrrary 10 ihc manufaftiinng and corrtnercill intfreili of the 
coLiQtry as hia bngiiage is to decency and ^ood manners. He wouTd 
hare aruficerj mind their own buiincfs, ai^d trull to the faperior 
knowledge of jniniftry for protuniig a mirkcL and fttitiiblc prioe for 
the produAiuD) of their labour ^nd ingenuiL/, 

The Author'^ attack on the rolitical conduft of Mr- Wedewoodn 


wvnVr. Si. Patrick hicnrGirri:itf« pcpfoiiarii ^tUtt (fht^ »k»t 
«(iiir bU tkooJIuion fju wc Uccly <oo^ octi^a to aoic}. btfwtm 
iud< the Liffy «j^/^ jff ^d/M hit ttrth, 
A* in A*/a:tT to riic " Shoft Kevirh," thli pfmflilc? "^i rix diC 

irguBcntf or bnllrxncy of wir. ]( |T«att x'Sm Hriif^s ji ^ C**^/ 
P^mtititt \ boc fluT Aaihop chintci it (o abcuijdf i>iih cotriMJiditfRs, 

iav9, or lorl»rr, hit« licilc wdiiiD^him C^f, 

Aft. aj- T^ i'M/i^'j ^*/urfr r* tht Cjftrt Pcm^hUtf fniiilf J» A 

Jh«A Rrncw of ihc ^oliuc^l Suce ofGrcu Ufiub. £1^0. 11. Cd. 


Br ' Th« Pfrvple'i Aniwer,' v^ ut to vaJetiUad th»i Mi It tbc 
proaaAl^n of an imJi^i^at^ coauinmg (h« Trnfr oTh^t/ ■ who Rill 
ihirtk (6r ihemUrv)/ aninSuencod b/ rbr ^ JimSM^e^ JtrfaJ, t>t Court 
Ctifidu for tb« nciv >«v.' Tb« Author cbarg<a the IUtB;«^<r «ittk 
Jv^li^ilT. under tlic milk of canJotir^ he aicacki him, «r;kU b/ 
uuclc. iij citry Jlvilion of bli ponipblci, irnJ «v bjvc rtjUy b*«Q 
ututiicfii wiih <bf maciiv of his rfmirin. We ^ett ^^til:^Ai^.tlf 
ptnfrd with th« jutic* oF i(i« rfprFlitnfion tvhjch ht b«[h>^v on the 
unto' of the ' cODK p«inpH!rt' U: hu urcjndid trc4Etnct]t of ibo 

f ofW , on itboai be bm fo freely Javlflif^ hu flf!diirri, 

without auticinjt at in 4U furdeiliii^hcovjbt tobiivc ^une*, the 
Boble Arp, okra bjr rhe ?-^^, in tbe valunury kppicprUiior of 
half hii m<OKi» (tb« wriirr ftp mtrt ibu hall} 10 the s^b^JuaI pa^ 
rifttt of hij debii. Our /loib^r inkei » cufforjr vic^' ofiht coo^ud 
iS kit R< II, piriicuUrly wi^b jcfpcA 10 the mifvfiiicjitjniiii^ bid 
It? hire m^applt fgbfilLeiJ* f^ fomc u^nc piR, between the foie- 
rrfgn ind tbc MJr sppArfnii and ht cnrm wcib fpifti fnco 4 a ipo- 
l«()r fbf the P^— *, b«t eot in i«nnf dirrffp^rul to xht IL— . For 
fh« r«£, ■!« rvfcr :o di« paniphVl- 
Arr. 14. A Lfttrr ft tin Riili Iftn. EJ/rmnJ Barh, Efj. €X^a* 

£oa«d b/ hb Spetch in it* Hi>ufc of Common. Feb. j, 1787- 

Svo. M. BrH. 

W« caanof boE ^ttm tbj> a v^ry urfiir aciafk on Mr. Burke, If 
geatlenen ir« 10 bt abafc^ "^itl^a: doon, for nh^i, pcrhipi with' 
Q£t pmntfdjt&uan, ibcy hire vested In ddtttiin^ iIku i^niimcnu 
ftitfir«« iIm! ftetdoat, and rven fd&iy, vf ^Mtionil dcbaie, Ji flfuefe 
V ; )4tf the coofeciiiei^ff miy b# of gfMi MrjiLdicp 10 ihr ccmnm* 
futy. Htd M'' a. ^iB'^/injf kji fpecch, ibic oiiailleru] chaiupiOA 
aifht, ihev, «>iih p^opn^iy, bive taken tbc AfM a£A^alt hifb; but 
4j Uk£ Ct^r Aiaili, Mc rhini; the kttrr-wfitcr htffblT^ |fpKhtiL£i>}c| 
tfpnNlly ii hbttA^ of sfDgft it fo iLlibeial. th^t It uaiurall^ ft- 
silfiilcd ui of 1^ following pilHg? ir one of Robic Hood'i baUadi i 
" Tic Ihepberd, mUh hit croc^k. g «f e LjuJc JoJUh 
A (iutdy h^pg un^ei iiiK ibin ; 

nou ^(i>/f dol> b^in I" 

1%t aetbor of the preceding ^^0* '^w>^j ^*J p^^p^rlfi 
jTiflri a fltpflurT on tliJi omiAiQii* 

iSz Monthly Catalooite, Commercial Trtaly* 

Art. a5» A candid Enquiry irjlo the Cafe of the Prince of Waits i 
ftcwln^ that a very confidcrablc Snm is due to hii Royal High- 
nefjf more ihan the Amount of hij Dcbta. 8vo. M. Bell, 1786. 
The Author- of this pamphlet aJTertSf that ihe principality of Wiles 
and the Duchy of Cornwall, are eflaiea held of the natioiij indniend- 
pLK of the crown ; ^nd that the Prince ii entitled 10 recei-e the re- 
venues thence atiJing, from the time of his birth. He fays tbe 
principality of Wale& renders annually 34,000/' and the Duchy of 
Cornwall 10,000^. Thefe fums have remained anacconnted forj 
arid in the fpaceof 74 years, amount to S161O00A of which the Prince 
h^s onlyreccived 74,000/. /fr A^n, for three years. A balance of 
5 94, coo A is therefore, according to thia account, due to the Prince, 
which is almoA three times the whole of his debts. ^Ti^ii medi ■« 

Commercial Treaty with France. 
Art. 26. A ccmpUte iRveJUgation of Mr^ Eden's Treaty^ as it 

may afleft the Commerce, the Revenue, or the general Policy of Brjcajn^ Svo^ 3s. Debrett. l^S?. 

This invefligdiion of the commercial treaty with France is well 
written, but is fo conduflcd as to brand every article of it with ab* 
fiirJity, and 10 fhew that it teems with deftru£1i<in to eveiy potiiicat 
and commfrcial iniereft of this devoted country I ' It proves beyoDil 
all power of conLradiflion, becaufe upon the bails of aflual hinory* 
:,]]d ihc authority of official documents, the conHant alternation of 
fucccfs or ruin to our commerce, as the trade with France was fhut 
01 open. Till a better criicrion can be iLj(^i(aicd for deierminjng 

MoNTHLT Catalooue, ComnieretalTreoty. 163 

ia£«. Cafual prrjyJiccT or occifionaL incapacity in ilieir mlcr.'f 
may mifleid them for a ijme ; but the rrguJar influence of under- 
ftandin2 Itcd iniercil will prevail at lall, TJi^c which hj^ b^en 
anxiouiiy dr fired by one power, and as vcbemcrtly rcfufcd by [he 
" oiher, tbrotph a variery of changes of govcrntncni and of cJrcum- 
ftanccA, whith his been fleadiJy purfacd by every defcription of mi- 
niften in the one CDuntryi however repugnant in their genemJ po* 
liiic* ; and as uniformly rcfifted by every fuccefion of difagreeing 
politjcians in the other; is evidently to the advantage of ihe power 
which feeki, and to the injury of ihai which r*jcfls. The uniform 
prevalence of fuch a fentimcnt, is the dcmonftration of experience, 
delivered through the medium of the united fenfe of both empires 1 
and if any thing can dtfcide upon the dL'eAioa of their refpedEre 
in:ercftf, this muft.' 

In this pafTage we h^ve a Hrong f^nflJon given to national pr^« 
jodices ; and when ihey have taken root for ages, ihcy do not rradiiy 

£Ut wty to pTindplei rhat tend to eradkaie ihcm : the Author has, 
awever, unguardedly rompHmrnied the difpofitlon of oor neigh* 
bours at (he expcnce of his own countrymen, and jutlrfied anyho^ile 
condufk tv< may have provoked ; the alternative being quite natn- 
tt\-^Ifyou iviJi not mf/t stir fritniffi'ip, 'ivg mttji me:t your enmity! 

On thefe principles, (he Englifh and the Scots were purfuing their 
tomtnon iniereJl while they were at war with each other, during 
fuccefEvc centuries ; for ' nations felJom err hng in points that rc- 
fpedl their own immcJiatc advantage 1' In fruih the meafurc of unit- 
ing both ihefe nations in a ' brotherly reciprocity of connrilion and 
friendfhip,' was, during the npgociJtion, reprobated by hot-headed 
iealotion both fides; but party cavils, however bbfiinatc, wear outid' 
time, and the Union is now well gndcrlloDd, and generally :ipp!auded. 
This writer's commercial ftatemenis corrcfoand with his hoftiledoc- 
trinc, and aM tend to hold up the treaty in fo ridieoloua a pointof wiew^ 
that for the credit of our ncgDciarcrs, a^ well ks the iinporrance of the 
meafurc, we hefitate where he i? mofl confident. More temper is' 
neccflaxy to convince us that truth n'.onr is the objeft of the invcfti- 

Art. a^, Hijiarhol end politUal Rrmaris en the Tcrl^ of fbt 
Comrtfrdal Trtf^tj \ with prdiminary ObfcrvaLions, 3vo. 2s- 6d, 
Cadcll. 17B7. 

This produflion affords ui a clear Jind elaborate difcuffion of the 
fubje^t unclondrd with thofe alarming predi^ions cf nadonal ruin, 
held out to us by the preceding wnier, and equally clear of the 
glofles of panegyric on the propofcJ mcafjre. The prcfcr.l treaty, 
which is generally derived from Lliat of Utrecht, h here traced up ta 
one concluded with France by Oliver Cromwel, in T65; ; and ihac 
again from the commercial pari of the treaty of Munlter, the ac- 
knowledged parent of the moA eHential branches of aCI our fubfe- 
;|ueat negociations* The inieHigent rtriier complains of the de- 
ultory, cmbarraflcd, and obfcurc HySc of pnbEic treaties, from 
negotiators being content to copy the I'orms and phrafcs of their nre- 
ffeceflbrs ; whioh, however well adapted in their criginal applicaiinn, 
ofteD lofe their effefl when employed tn a dirt'srent a^s, ^^4 ^s^^Vwi 
to ftitei diflettng; in charader and habJK, To facUuaic, x\vtitWt« 

hi z <CA 

164 MoMTHlT Catalooqb, Ce/fmerdai Treaty* 

th« con ftde ration of ihc prrlvnt treaty, he hisjrivcii it a more A^ 
thodrcal fornir itat hii fcmarks jn ay appear wicti the advantage of 


To a review of ihe good policy and Happy operidoQ oroarfamoni 
N-ivigation A£l, is fubjoined a fliori hiflory of the negociAiiont at 
Urrecht for a commercial treaty with France, and the contefla to 
which that effort gave rife. From a compatifon of ike cotemparary 
ifatrments of our toniBcrce, at different ^cra^, fome deploring the 
decay of our tr^de, and othera enulting iti ic5 profpcrity, ne may 
perceive, (hat whui«re cfered to us as ilobbom faflc, are foznetimea 
of a very flexible nature : yet, as our Author jemarks, we are oow 
convinced, that the fair fide of the pjflure wa< drawn by ihe correft 
band of experience, while the oppc^ie wa» no more thao the bifty 
refuh of defponding theory ; and, b* might bave added, the interefted 
mifreprefentations of party. 

The fiiccefsfu] cultivation of our commerce mutt fpring from ado- 
fjaaic cauf», and an intelligent obfcTTcr will not be reduced to pro* 
nounce them occult qualitira. ' To what we maK afcribe thU vital 
fltengih, which neither war or faflion, or the fpirii ftf luxury, haa 
been able to fubdue, will beobvjouf on a littte rcSefUon, That the 
fupport was never trom/atlantit , as fome have idly imagiuedt oorpr^ 
icut commercial fituation fufficiently demonllrate*. May tve not 
raiher, with an acuie politician of the prefect day, attribute ihii 
ph:enojnenon of an almoR uniform fnperiority of our commerce to 
fomething Ijkc the following principles? The fuppreffion of Tariotu 
mont^poh^A bod compjiaies of trade it home, and (he undermining of 


MoiiTHLY CATAtoaus, Ctmmerda/ Trtaty, t6$ 

He cempetifiDQ twEivtrnhirlMiid low wtgei, iboogh ofi«n de- 
bii*d, ]> of«fi reviewed «» ■ jifA oafe cf appreh^nricfi , ihofc iic< 
tUltnt mJrrt, kKq ^rc roofl ccmpcccftt Uf iK< fub}^* will judgr of 
the vilidiEy <if cur Anthnr'i reiibning on ihii head ; 

■ Thirrr U f^^rtt^y tny pciiPt in ^liittil GKUfiomv whkb hai 
bcM fb virion fly dirc^ifilrd, at r^r tfia tf t^ fuu *f U^tur tm f;vt- 

ba(b 4ad 1<w wage* i> not li) bcffrcmnincd mcirlj byibepiyof 
ike workia«i9. but by rh« fwy^cnxan wbi<h fuch wajtf b«*r to Ene 
prkn of iTt mhrr arridci. cfth^ native or forri^n, «nd hf cum- 
^riBg eh* fntnafiAortd proda^ \\(f> or difercuc coumricf, vnth a 
TKw M> dif<ofrr at wrhit ai'cni;;? p^cc ih« rtime eoodi cm b^c^uall)' 
mM nude in each. B7 fuch imodcof uiquity u «iTl in frrjfjal b^ 
ScQadt that UIout tn « couniry of \trtt iva^ej ii compiritirely inr' 
tt, tkan w)k«r« wRjiPi ire bWh, aftd thftc confi^Uf-nr!^ in rroit car<^ 
A« ricli crsntry «ill be aliTe to urdf rfrlt the poor oa«, beeaqfe hi 
{mkU will cnofe than coftiprnfn* hy iheir qna!^|)' far injrTxcffj of 
Vficc. It cisnot be <k}ubtcd, that aj ** tb? Ijbc»l rcwtr J of I«bo«r 

II ihc necciTtry cfrr6, ft> ij u l±>c uacunl f^Brpicim <tf [ncrtstfins 
i^ralrb ;** for when ihr prodiWtivr um^n of libour and ingfnoii^ 
are 1h«i enciced. induftry moil in ul itf drpiriinvTtii brcoaie tnorc 
tfCnrJ^ ai uxM Ji ncrc (fcM^rooi and afhw in lEt exercioAi' In a 
vannfLAoty where t^iC dlff^rrnt procclTcb are dtlribD^vd \<t diffcrcat 
arofkmrn. c^cb v^iK in b>i dilHnfl b'ljnch be cnofc expert iLan if hb 
vere undr: tl^e necr^ty cf andrrtilctnt; niany diffrrenc brancFiiri at 
4tnce la c^m to ^^Tn fubftrttnce, ^nch dfrcerii^ begeti c«kfnpei&- 
tion, «^j ihii neceitnly reddCfl the f^'-ict; " ^vhrr<» inibocoua- 
try of lew wjHt, II \t in fhc p^Ker o>' onr wralihy nxo, to nono- 
poftic ibe tf'Jf. and it> fci ^\k\ fii<e he cim£<ioa hii^oodt." X^oX 
ihc Ua- pricr Iff Ubcmr nili nri command « mtrkei. may tw fhewn . 
by the folfOftJRg inflitifM : WJjmi the lrr*n of itiv^en arriit* ifi JU^ 
£nEl««d, 1« hai puid duim ^r eiport, impon, and ihpexMner of ^ 
frerf ht x 10 ihii mufl be adcc^i ilir coftt cf earrngv to and ffom the 
fUcri of ninvfa^vrc, the \>niC of ihc labonr there bcffotrcd upon 

III and ihc iaKf (o uhkh it ii I Mt on hi recum tiome anJer tbit 
Fcw focfli I yet vitb all i\\'\i Ai'L^Limalated eh«rgr upon it, ireareabJe 
to SAdctlell ihe bwedri themlelrci in itieir o^a mbrlcet ^ tnd wif^rf 
■lumpt on their p»r( at ooinp«tvtiori hu provn) KUheno ineffbfioaf. 
I1 ti orsSIf cbe 'aoe c«lc with the Bny rirucf Itehcidt whichi nou 
witl^v Jiii£ ill the «hAr{c» of Inpfrruiion, c«nTvyAnee, «ad mihu> 
ftftcre, H itccked ap heie. aiKJ mumrd cbe^prrro the Irifh mafkeVa 
KbiD if It hid b^'i rri»neili£li:rietj ie homa, Ic ii iioi, m fcfne hivr 
Uufy lurried, ik< hi^btr piite of our hboor vhich hii ^ivcft the 
Ffoftcb aA adv«niB|^ over a» in tXc i.evrnL an<l t'oTtuj^iT tr«dr^, but 
ni^rrtEkC indifcecce t^l our uraLiufi»Aurerj. and ibnr igLiwi'lin^defi 
•*M«Ofli»f>d«!« tbtit fjbrtd ro:he uflr of tHafp tnxrkefi, in wrilch, 
b7 eeilbfi o> the f^icnxre. che?^ tjothi ofi Hi^ftT if rtare »i1t ever br 
pnWrrrJ to l*ch a< an> (nor* daribk. Ad'rall, it miy bedobb^ej 
vrlethcr m iHiuld be m<vih while To' our eltjtfciefi lu iteempt die re- 
CDvcryr £.f tbii uade. at ificttik (rfficiiA^ing a tititer; for crcrrlocv 
«inplc7rd io i^«<ci*iag of dri^veii, moft o«iip/ materia}* ird 
t^oor nbich iRieFu be RMie pfchi^jy anpJkd ift tbc v^citk\T^fit 

M I Uq«1 

l66 MoNTBl^y pATAJ.OO0B»X<"Ni4^Tri<IP^ 

broad cloths ; odd to ihta, thit tK* fime coi|i|»«^t)M i^Uch WOttld 

be ferviccMe ia bi^hcr braod^et. bj rendering 4b^M*4* clwa^ 

jnuLl here be prejudicial^ E^caofe ;^e onguuLJoF pc^ftf' ^iic ooai* 

thodhy would iink the ncceflaiy redudiOA of pqo(p.l)|Maaiflk uif 

mrrc^tant^scoafidcration. An effort nade «t PnujA, ja 4?cn)w^lt 

alout 30 year* SEp, proTcd uarucceAfuirar wutt of fnmr anfip*- 

tagement, aod ilmoi macd ihe patriQnc. prpjedof f . lre;lftad |ft< 

drcd, by beipg admitted rn rhr ■flrmtiffri nf ihq Mcitiiipn Trnjjff^ 

mighE in titnCt perbapt, be cnab'^d to UppUnt'Frucf w "^.if^f-^ 

get trade. Btit the atcumJlaDce of bemg dtijdcrroLLis iQt woSf 

^roupd ofappreheofion for the fifeiy of trade, «dth tboft wu> draw 

thfir afguments from a compajjlbn Detween ibe vaiiie of l^boar ill 

difFcrcni coaDirici. The danger of eipigntiQo tu beoo Ivgtly.V^'t 

fjiUJ i^pon, aad fean have been fogg^flM tbjit iDUiii&Aoriei wtJl.ibo 

tr n&ferred from a dear country, to od« where" the ificam of fnVfiJt- 

CEice are cheap. It «routd be loiVof time to Qxtw thcijllacy ofTiH^h 

« rippf.fiLioDr and the fibfurdity of condemog that aru4Gec» of 41^ 

clafi would voluQtarily cxchaijso high iragn, for lav, brjMDotkp 

word;, ivould quit good |xraviiloaa.aod comfDruble habigariooj, loc 

meagre i^iTc aiid urnvhid hovel*. Iei fdvi, tlie hj^li pjkc c^ej) of 

the iieceJlirics of life, has feldom been bjurlom 10 the prtigrefi of 

induflry, any, in Tome icHancej it has been ihe means of calling fiirib 

fni'W and fuccef^rul eJ^cjcLoni of Uhcjarand [kill, and h^i led 10 very 

im^rE^tTiEdircovcricj hi arisan^ m^nuhduren. li A-ar tvhcn the Pied' 

XUCiLLcri? were gpprcllcd by ihe Uici and exitnion* of Lhc $roiiit42* 

ifrhu for fomc ycavi perJiAtd in heavy jQlJlnicka^ uf iheirharvcn^i and 

ilifir markcEi» ih^t ihcy firft carried ihi^lr fabrics offilk (c A.degrrr of 



MoVTBLT Cat A t oov n, dmrnira^Tr/atf, 

cntinly Mn«Ud« iUf>> In opyl^t c«»Gntri«i fupcrior Dull mtv 
oftM cesntvrviiJ tho cfefi of high waj^tL TJkii u obvloas in aU 
UhiA wtkU« mkffc labour mnd mMeriiJi arc ihc \cM\ p*ii cf tie 
valur and mity be cicnpli£cd i« moft cif die artidcs m tbc wue- 

Ai ibt |;cn*rat tn^ritof Thii trcwy, and ikM^noai obj^i of k, 
tn Mtv nadtr niiontl comtitmv^n, ivlifi* all intcr<cl(4p til bopcfi 
Add dJ tpprrtiErnfiQnf, itill lbiu ift fo irapcruai sdi^vSoni «c 
k4*< (htf fiibjfvip Jtf[ci fitine 9vt opiaicn iKii tbla Wiiur oiFtrt 
miD)' hiata nrcffTary ir) prrpafr hif rridcrt foe foftsinff aa uabij£cd 
id«« t)^ ihc c<p«]ffn£ir of^ culiivAtidg a ^ood cflCiiiKTml ubdfffiiad* 
jAg Vtih o«r acj^hboiu*. 

Aft. 2H^ liiifi N tf r//^f DtiiJiefS in tJht Mfrtit ^f iht tats Trratjr, 
A:c. iVA. ]». Debfeit. 17H7. 

Thb wfftcf u in idr«xii« Tor thv treiif.amd oittt fotn« ptMnci «f 
CMiSdcntion lha«amcullv ovcHookcd hr thoit vho v^iw itc mea- 
Un thravgh tienediam ol popaE^ prrjudkc. IfiE be onU ai ia». 
icf orruHuAij. let lii fee wbst'he ka to fij m ibc flibjc^l oF our 
aatipatfay 10 omr nni-^oor atighbour. 

* Thoft alio Are fo fbcd of giving Gf««i BrUairi ajufST-^»mf m 
tbeHourc of i>o«ri>OD,ougbt,(»a«ii^'<»«ld tiuak, to AndberfocMvj^'a- 
r^J/rft^dt Binoaig the omt po*cri ofEaropc i and it i> iftuch 10 ht 
rrgTCtccd. ibu aodc tb<wghi At Co difccvet ihcaifclxi wbcii ^bc Auod 
lb nvrh in nerd of ihrm tn thr amtte of ilic liJl it-a/ : Wbrrf wai 
thf grmif/^/ Hoafe nf Auflnii/ Our /rat tJfi^t {he DuKb ^ and |h« 
mtfi foittfwi King of P<TiLigaE, in ihchour^/ovr diJtreri / Tt< CrGtb 
]*« «if bare been too lof^^ the dupci ofout ova preJMioei. apd «r 
tte >r(i£(ei of fucfi u c^l<d (iicmlelirci Ottf icwiMt, «jid it i\ bigh 
tittf ttf trcoiterrd ouf (cnfcf. 

' If Fraoer hii bwn boftilf 10 u< in b*r nfgotUt!l^nl fine* the 
peace of Um4:i'E, it vii m« who niftd* her fo, by ue^tiAg hfr Jii ciir 
<«eaiy : when we vrerc Blfyinc wi;^ AulUU og^inft her, *n>i fubfi* 
diiin^ cvc/v liale pni ^e id Gctqu^jf* ll> hold U09pf ia re4dincfi to 
mikE ber ; »4i n^e to bhme for (hlrring ur up enemict tn Afia anj 
Avitrk*, or inding ai woffk it home/ Whii bnf the moJt dc:tr- 
ni&cd prejadiceteould h^fc barriei ct Lfito tte war of 1739 wiili 
SpaiDt vhick W3I tbe foicrunuer of the French Aor in 1744 i at tbc ' 
■crduiuicry cf ae/f^rr^ t/ ihcj'f illicu irjic 1, an-d ibc pauiott 
^t fer th« lofi nf Jcak-iaiS eati n-bk^ vr^f never LaL<n fium Lim \ 
And who kriEl nwt bt hardy r&ough ro alTcrt. that iiib.ii the intrrel 
cj Groi ttfiute, to make feitle/vcnu beyood th« AlErgao^ Moun- 
Uani ia America t or t^at we hid lay bit£ntf« to interriipt the 
freneb in eilabllftiiag a ccrLmuaicaii^ci by «uer bemeen tbei: pro* 
«iwcT of Ci^^a aB«3 Looifiaai f Vet ulut oibcr grmtiub woe there 
fcrth« urtr &f 17;^^' 

Hv th 01 rxtvnuaiei th« fopport givta by Frtsce to the Aaenam 
dnriac the Ute irvolt : 

* FfjjKC certiirsty rncrred Into (he fal^ war wit^ui the 0i»dow«f 
Jfllke on brr fid< s ^e whiU we admire and appUod the wiAlotti of 
Mr hhtibrih, in ibntin]? the Dureh Jn their rrvoU frcta Sfotn^ be* 
ctvle t^lpow»ii4id<«ib4^ t^n F^ef nituial ea^rni ; «gi)t we tot 
lDiJIo« it ftjuftlly wife in Frioce to irul herCeU^t kVLkA^^via* 



i65 MoHTHLY CataloguEt Commerdal Tftatj, 

Tt'wy mweakrn Great BrUniiit who had held hprfclf oat to het in iha 

fame chara^er ? I mean not lo palliare, much left Eo juftify tha 
breach of faiih and unprovoked holtilily in either inftance ; bu( I 
with my counTrvmcn to relleft, that however France maj' merit tho 
rpuhet (xif^ithit/i, pUin honeS Joha Bull ii raai perfeflly immacu- 

On ifcc fiibje^ of the commefcial regulations at Uireehi, he obi 
fervent that * the UiT'cht iteaiy made do Llipufation for the admiSoa 
of'oirr woollens inio France ; but thit important article gf our ex- 
ports was left CO the cbance of a future negocbtbn, which is not the 
tsfe in the late treaty, a^ their odcniSlon T9 efleftually provided for in 
the tariii-'. — And our Lr:ide wiih Portugal, which was facrificed by 
the Utrecht treaty, will probably be revived by the proviQons in the 
jjrcfent, /efpcifling that kingdom ; for we have moft wifely refcrvcd 
the poiver of gilding her wines the full benefit of the Methuen CTeity, 
on (he rondiiion of her refloring to us the advantage* It llipulated JQ 
fiivour of our msnufaflures ; And which Qic in fo many iouancos hu 
pjoil flflgranily concravened, 

' Thefe are cn'rn:i3l drtft^renccs between the two treaties, and 1Q-* 
tiiTe the latter ro the fuHcIl approbation of Parliameat, althoogh 
the former was julliy reprobated/ 

The particular merits of this treaty he deems It needle s to enter 
in 10 further^ as it is now taketi up by the Chamber of ManufaAurers, 
in whofe hands he leaves iCt with a wllli that they may conHno their 
publications to their refbluiions. 
Arr. 19- Ths Ntuffti^ njid Policy of iht C^mmtniai Trra/j, &c. 

* In untioruunit brinf tvihonnd, will nritH^r injarq Ehf fcmnve 
nof ihf iiiiiu'4^i:tfr ; no mmx of t< will be irapori^rl thjn tthat 
■OuEtl tjvr br«rT. hiJ i^c prchibiTton COnfiiiucti : conf«i;ii"Ti:ly the 
mcAUtf bt<0(uti Trtccftwd, ai ill fvcpit, Ky rhr r*nfirti£>p oeinj fiiktfWi 
oC B«t if ibff «naBuf»fiaf^ kt ^>fi(»« ■»i^«4, fbr ihc eocouri^fmcat 
of hit wfcti, lu h^vc (Kc p.vfcibition t*f lorctgn csmbrtfi Cooti^utd^ 
Iff lb inccii^tir j&J i*(ljLb/ b< J€n<]^Uv dtrcffced TOrcn<iw it 4^ rinr 
» ikntt from Cqmbrjf : anid ihn 4i]| oj^enitc mure furcibijr In bii 
(mor. an^ Jilrrntir (ctt'lin eintbtici tnsrc rffrttaiitlf, thso »\i ||i« 

' T*ir KiiJ/ cf Sjniifiia, a «fy rtiojt tirar finer, dirr^cd hi( mi* 
»ii«r « ibr Ci*Bft of VeTt!A\\e^ to btfppilc a p\fCf of' tlir r>«it fup«r* i 

fia«b]b«cl<Kh thti c««ld po4nb1y b« in^« in Frtnec l^rhuowfi v^ 


■nd no fOiTli w*r« ncxl*^^**^ ^^ r<iider 11 worthy c^riiii: loykl 

out rvmie H fci:/eE at roan : and hu mul- ChriHiut MijcjIt <!p|jriQtf /^"^^ 

fc* 11, lie /o'jrid \t nf fnch eviuifif* finrftrft, ihii he haJ not onl/ 

1 cost «t fJT' f'o» it fo» lumWf, bflt <lfo J&r tni- CVtnni d'Artdti 

Miib ^n »^*>\o%y fb' ^»c loU thac HnJ hern ulun' T^ chcli, i>b ici 
tfririi C£ ihfl ^jriJtiiUn tvurt. nti uTittCr^Jly dJmijt^* 4od irLnov 
M^ed to b« thcTtiy prrrr^liu* of huAin in hycvrry hndy to A-hon 
hb M4J«I/ tbcined ii, evnpi « mibMnm. hmh io hit ccnliJcQC«, 
Ud who had retired tame iimc in Enj^Und^ H< declared^ iviiboii: 
ttKmo^y, ibfti F.oetiili rioirt fcipaiied ii io pcintofcclour, finend). 
»d ll;cit;;hcf tMUirei and ih^thc wonH en ^£r i[> produce Jt pic«e 
of Ijprr^r qiitliiy. and iivjthr<ijt CtyHv fiir whom if irja intruded, or 
«rd«iag itcKprrriZ^ 10 be «i>de. Thti ibaid«cltr«d ro be p«r«JQdic«, 
lad he wii «]aiQ4Ad«d 10 p4E H11 «n«rtio«)i lo thifl oco^f. 

' A piece of brad'CloiH vat MCOrdln^fv lent /or fron London. 
jiQil iu faperloritj wu fb cviioti, ibii tis Mi^il> drilrcd (o havi» 
un of 11 ; and tvhit Jidird to hU attonininrni a^i, ihac jfrer ihe 
dor]r oa importatroa nat p«ti, the ftet|ht id Nice. i«d lipd^cAt- 
ti^e oHrrtttdt loTuria. u co2 CCF-Ihifd lefi thas the f'refl<b 
dodi. nkkh came free of alJ ripcncci. 

* TLift anccdoEv. fo di^KTin; (o oat wooVttt inJc, mi cammu. 
nkaacid (o ste by ihe Sardiniin nobkouu. whailt foi-« 41/ rmth, and 
■fectiofutf aTUchoirTif to thit country, induced hioi eo contraA the 
suanfajturct ai IfngUnd and France, and convinn hi> favcni^Q cf 
;be UpfTiofiiy of chole of the Former over ihafe cf ihc liiflcr/ 

A ubie it ftibjcnitcd of the anaual imtKiria of hng^Ai gpodt trto 
iha AuJlfiin NrehfrUndi, v»d aUb of wK« p^dri Eiiro*^^ ilw Loi^ 
Coti«tHe« ^ato Mkcf fofcifa (latet, wiib th«dttiifie3a^todo««ach ar* 
tide I leAoinjc lo an id«a of vbat ^^ mayvxpcA when ihc icttife 
kiaffdom «f tr^cce U c««»al to «>. 

AatlicaaE* >t a lively «it'tttt. and indtl^a VtiaftH titcty u the 
vtpeiKetif Me0n^ Nonh, fox, isd Shrridio. 

An. 30> ^ Ktiio^ih*Trt4tj^ Uc^ b^-o- S*. UeWeCt. 

Ift a {reac ajtional 4)»efilcr. vhicb bu foa iti cb)r(l the tonver* 
iim oj^ bcrcditfty feud l«|c aaicflbk iaintour^t it iiu^ be \ho^ 

T7C Monthly Catalogue, CommtnUlTrta^. 

the liberality of tbc age that diftared the negociaiion, will not aTFoiv 
low popular prejudices lo have the leal) weight ui the dci«rtnmi- 
lion, if ihe ruling power* on each fide begin to think It better to 
CuhivAlc a friendly underllanding, than to maintain perpetual faolH'- 
liiy, ^ould the trial beover-rutcd by the vufgar cry of A^tf, Ko! Damit 
iht Frtath ? Cut aii-ay ; tyf art HMTumi ttttahi, and Grtat Brilaim 
I'^iil he Tttintd, if ivs 'ventun tvem to ^ake bandt 'xtiith tb§m i Tbs 
only queilion ihcn that remains, ia theelUblifhmcric of cquitableand 
prudent terms to regulate ihe intercourfe ; and thia ii referred to the 
only pank^ compnenr to the irult^ the reprefentative body of tbc 
whole nation, kt to political camion againJl a powerful neighbou^t 
that will remain lo oprraie as ufuaf againll alE the powers of tinropc* 
KJihout reqE^irii>g the bitternefs of unmanly fpite againft any one- 

I'he fpirit wiih vtrhich the prefem Writer views the trebly \% 
queilioET, miiy be conceived by his dechring, ihai a fenlible Briton 
would do noble jurticc to (he French, ' Penetrated with their con* 
fcquencci he would refpefl iheir virtue^bui while he revered their 
mexJEt he mull regret iheir power. A Frenchman in priv^ite life 
would have his rlJeem and love) but the French nation ^f qitfaA/ 
fcrjiiute it every quarter ef the ghht! Any beneKt France giiined, 
though it were in Lapland^ he would deem an evil to Great Britain ; 
and any direption of Ihcngth or influence from that natioo, as lo 
jnuch acguifition to his own.' 

To all readers who adopt this feniiment we may venture to re^ 
commend the pamphlet in which it is avowed ; and the Author will 
agree with us in thinking the view he takes of the treaty will be am- 
ply fiilhcii^ni, willifiut lonking anv farlhrr. But a^ fame m:iy in- 


Tocondudr, oor Ai^ihar night hive dvtd htmitlf tW trouble of 

■vttmipi* fail coantryiacn lo bevtrc of iliu irciifp m4 ui the- Iroubli 

n^ il E for be dccUrci — ' Thtn b noe, there ^tttt WU. ft 

Vt '*■ Ujc foiiliiv of crucc olj^iiioni lo iKii iii«ilcrc« ww 

Ut tut<t IB. boulpcr In fizti ilu^j fuch iktn be, thvy will >ff«U 
13 lie unirft cf li* tifingfs. 

ArU 31. TjEtf Pm^fUsi/ Brltljh r«/j'^t contiaHcd wiib 4 Frfitch 
A]lua<:f; b 6ve Lf E:«r», froct 1 U'iug Meaber oTFirliaaroi to 

Tbit M. V. it b^ i%t ihc moil pU«iibU of xht oppa«eati 10 the 
rrtiOfCb tf««trta>-^ the piop(>£tion he it'.i 0^1 hjih,«l<claic}» ikit ' owf 
itifrrcafcci u^ thcu fuuf^cfrom nu c^ui'c which cui 4*1^ It of mttcil 
•rEiD^sjodiiEioQ ; ind arc (hnefort anfit c>ij^U for Ji cei[> cf «om« 
t^rrce, in vhich ue CAHQoi fifvlf cai;4j^c tvjilt FrAflCC. uxitil Ihc givei 
f iac/oli4 fcciuji)' tilt jlf *iJ3 ijllvib die ^4C< o4 bupo^cfio Dctfe.' 

Uej*ivci mp cunoicrciU ohjc{;(io«i- < Oa tbi> grouaJ,' f^ibc* 
* 1 cuknoi uatlt liic fsauoiCLiu, c^^ditiy wfacm mtxcd with the 
tilfiirj, cf our Biiimbdarrr). i» ary decitue 2a(hofky> Nay, the 
^Off« they like the %T^^f, th« mot* jf4l<}ut ihouU ( be of iiicfl«<U| 

tfor in that proportioa it will enj^iKc licif powcrfai in^fvA nc tho 
^ik of F<aac«'. wbcQcvcc il^ fccurft« » 4iM |>r«rcc«tioo of her d»n- 
(cfoui OfOjtdj. AaJ It i» no i»cw »ii>Bi in poiiiki^ llkM £ Jlisv 
pji/ lok iu ijnpfiruncf, conltdcQiIf v^th the pidefvtLJon, Any, ib« 
tkien^on cf\\\ cott>rkvrce- 

" Voa ^ inc,' U)ri he, ■ how I Mcount for <M pifofcvad likitot 

ef i&e v^oflcfddiuu) j;t prcfcDt J— Ja the c«^ of Jiclutd, the tnukec 

cf chit ic^AUu; Wdi AL-HiAi^v crfcH LO ouf cotto*. uuf ircn, ovt 

Mcuf ifir ATtd t«cnif mhei nutiiffijlum | \n the f-a£e of^ l^ivice* it 

U ike rrTvffe. In the C4ie cf Jre:>fld, no ^To(utiX of iamieduic 

^[iU vas hfl<i cat \9 the Sriiiih inia^iikreti whoJe borne nurktt 

V9 ic be ihtfikii upcu tu (i:« lntuTc fp>r^u»jt>uD» of hit Ititb mal. 

U ihe cift f ' '.- :c, an (jaiacalc iiaiitcJute ^ci Ar placed ji4 

tpi^bin hi' . <\eti,\ Eo Duiwfi^h aU aUrnit far ibe comprti* 

tiO« ofhji : Er:i_ii iivti in ihciodK airk4<, until be hu nuie hit 

LjttioG by the deiuiad of a tu« su/Mct f<>r hii own j^Oi^it. Utie 

ii iLl '' < e of (tc populvity ot^ ihii mc^uje <tii>i fdinc oca : 

ja^ - ir &u mufc ot lL< g/fitt pttaciplo tu «kach thcy ti>ai< 

nurir^; rn^jnirirct on t'ic \i\t\ fro]>c>uiinnii, ufiiil the improvemettt 

ftf Frittcv in th« lcT«ial EuQuf^iuro ir^ich Ihe ii to uk^ frooi «« 

voder the tiT4iy, ciubka her 10 tfuf'fjLy hn ova coskunptyon.' 

He latci ihi; l:UbwiA£ compwikju hctvtcn th« two cosUfUa i 

' Grcu Qtiuin 4nJ F falcc mc boib verr Efeac nmEKifiiAl M«a* 

ttici : but RtrJr (omm^^cial prDlt:i ue ift Milher cb^ Mple end of 

l^Kit lat-' <rt:>iafi&k and dtgAiiy whUb 

f^fy^Tt-. J -pf<ifE AfftDbj; iL» Migbbdun- 

Ti.( vcaiU' t^J 4 r;^:,va ij juiAifr Uvi LO Coniijt in i.'K fienibe/ ol~ ift< 

liuc^nohit p04f tut u «-' i^j]vyi£ he I the LircHih oi] a »»eiv(iu adUoT' 

CM cbing, and dcMixlj upoa the n^tui c o/ tntir <«p4oy«CMi, Hol* 

U*4 ii, dr^wd ui proporiioa, the vretlthieit A»d tb« «on bdaU 

uieu60BaU>iii the ivoild,u)AJau>£ef u equal 8ataiUx«fiftb«ibiv 

172 Monthly Cataloouk, Cammirtiat Tth^. 

ams buf ihe[r fyflenj for [Heft lall fi fly yean, ha> rendered them 
jutt 3^ ir.dirputftbly rhc weikcit- Girat Bricaint however^ ii un- 
dnubcedly m^jre a commcrcbl country than France. Our in fa Jar 
ij[u:4ilon, our Jai^s, our liberty « and religion » and many Otfier caufei^ 
conl'prre to m:i1cr it To. But if thii fuoerion'ty be to Our tdvantaH, 
\i involve; 3 confrquencc that, puflica to ita e^ent^ may be of tne 
Vrenie/l mifchief, by bringing us into prectfely the fame frtuafioo at 
Holland, If commerce be moj-e the geniu* of the people of Eagbnd 
t"-,an of France, it vjWX follow thai, wheo once iboroughty immerleda 
tlirre Alii be an infinitely gtrater dilBcuhy in drawin? aa an^ay from 
\ii fpeculaiion), uhrncvcr confequences whicti are dtHrui^tive to the 
raiionjil interefts in anOThrt point of view, Oialf be dTfcovered tore* 
lulr frcnn the purfuit of them. Comniercc and public credit ar« in* 
ft'pjrably eonne^c.l. France is unfettered by the chains which blod 
us (o \hc ri^id obfrrvunce oF natronal faiih. Tliere have been fimei 
cf diJfrefs, wc know, in which fhe hai become bankrupt, and yet 
hrr p'jblic credit, which ia nothing [ike fo good aa ours, hit pctft^ly 
rernvcred it *> This U ait cffeft of her conftituiion \ for under def- 
potic governments che f'ecuriiy of property is precariousj and men 
t'-ho engage their cnptils in trade, or lend it to the ftaie, know to 
v/h.Ei ihey iruit, ^tr.A contrive to find fomc profit which cbey conceive 
auc'juate 10 therifi^ue.' 

Under ihefc apprehenfiona be thus anticipatcj the operation of a 
cornin«rcia] intcrcourfc with France; * Lei us fappofe a comtoer- 
(inl cOfina£tion had been ertablilhed between the two countries Tome 
years »go. J.ei us fuppofe it ftrengthcncd by the experience of it< 
niuiLtal bcnrHr^ ; by mutual d^bt.'j and other confeouencea ^f nicr- 

McHTKLT Catalogite, Afi/ttlUmtm* i7| 

fir m ttu ■ alnitUr bdi enough to bturd iLc f ruftcuikui of « 
*a/art oppolf J in ihe nutnK f hue ilci-cnboel. Erca iJw nitkor^ 
c/eI« prricAt d»y wfwid be cbce^ci, 1 dnnk, bf the d/«AJ or j it- 
brUioQ i ukd to thb CAltAiiaa* utixfoiiiyt >n aUijace tntcrcd mv 

«Mcti «t aII uuk)« bjc £ioallnm whce riifrd in U%%nv ci'A frcticti 

ucAiMOl CD a^ fyilc.-D;. coarfHri himTcIf ci ih« f^ockiaKhoni pAfty, 

arm ta ftr.E^thcfi ihe pcM«r nf th« ciowa, anu ftr hih T^ifoniD^ 
nsr bv irif^tirnccd by p^iiy opioton ur wili not ntyju tlof (^f;i4:niies 
4 p-ir^UnKct Kc iDkVur^ti hit objetiionbin hii proper ct^;n^r j h« 
hi jifrpiiTd i^^c t'uUicTor ih«in in lime, and t^x h>ive ro w*lU ^ut 
i&ai (b« f/« inuxdb «f tbe nilioa ouy t^rni ihc ^otiiioo- 

M I H c k 1. r A K e G ir t, 
A/t, ja. ^ Frfifnu**! if SlvtJrff^fiirf^ ffcir*i"i<d tr^nn AAv<t to ft 

^U9c Poci* By ihc Hex. UirLia Shcilotk, u:d Uan llaicd Iraai 

tFibc Ffrnch. Kio. li^ RobiniblU. 

Mr- S-i^ficck'i *orfc. «^;<d AMc« lo s }WurK P***** w'*" •^'it- 
tn im to'ttr., jiitd publiftiRl >«iih tnient (o gitc Ibrvifntn • taon 
jtAidtA i>t S£-*kr/f<arf ihktt COflld b^ CoUcclrd frooi Ibc IrjcUrif of 
iWpftriul iifti Ut jcukius /Vj>>v><-, A FiCKth ufitn fcU^'Ud ibe 
Ut^mrnt now Ivfofc («<i tnd ir^nJl^irJ ii ft^t (ke«fc of hit voucuy. 
Witn. h hi* incc j^otit ihlOiLg^ inoah^r k^cii i otjihoGi, ind oow 
if^can ir in Iin|;tilh drf Ti. 'I'hr IVmch tr«T]fljiL>c irlit m iti hU 
pTCEjce, ' ihc(Koa;l:Il»buriEiue^u h^cafori^Mtcjntt mmt^ tlUrof 
tl in F'j»(fi iftd ch« nRHbc «f &t]Ak<i'^Arr » to* giQthn idCHJUr 

rd, wk^not drflgft, to Mteiut tfir iEf'utatx>n of' i drxm^ik author, 
«bo, «9if.iLht«Pidi4|^ erm fa«lxt. hu op^ivatfd, Toa- (i^o c«ntLirJ«i, 
Aq »It}fbtrnc^ Eitii^nH So fir th4 Frco^ tr»a;IiX(tr ilif pUrt of 
ihc Rev. Mt. $U'l.-*i ii dj foIlctf<'>: he iclh hii yinta% Utllta poet, 
t)u\ i}jt*S4 ia A gic«t gciiiui« ai-d Aris/ie &a ciicL^nun^ poei : hm 
BVidlvr lAc unc n<ir ebroibn «in Afrre to Aurm k jjH e»Gc- For fhU 
ptfpofe thj GT»k. X^::n, 3&d rter.cJt po«i« rtult be ^di«J. H>- 
»«r, VirfEtl. IUcia«, Koraov, icn^irui, fl^J Bukitti awikeuio- 
ddi be r^cDQmcr.di. IWu»c. ^ ^J^t ^M J^nf boaoor 10 //««(f, 
iad woii'iJ hi^G bc=ii hc'ucttcd «: Athtbi. A ji^oi udc, ^oo^l kc^A, 
" '^ - "-"oitl^jp of [Ji? huma^ hrjirc, tl»e pit^ric cwrl^ to the 
-til ; ih«rp m n^s m^fici, AQd tbd^ tfcoric him to i pUc« 
^1*— -Ti j(>ptoclei aad Eiu^^idef. Aotons <£^ vkk'.gU of gooii uft^ 
J^ci not r.amc Ccrnr-nic. The u^, !■« Id^i, Kiii be formed 
ore he E) fcW> i'c it.-n put lH^ i^urd^a. mull Sh^hcf^xjrp \^ 
Otidtrd jit J mn^Di ^i v/f^-A uJic i HcfCp he DrlUai, he muil iHAcrtrieD 
hb k! ' -' r -[ j^ ErutiT. achJ hf jnTwcrt, i--^ CotMiiLi, the 

Ell , :^cc, aad S>iA,':ii»iABi., :hc pud« of fingLc^i, aro 

hTi^iuJ?^: ] otn tiid n:iril«U tbu iic 10 toiia E^c !■>■»£ poet'* 
uAc ( but ^^hakcf^circ n « ru^jwr b^'tiJg^, poJlcl1irj[ jII itceMJcl- 
Icvrei cf li] i^*c entijuct wnien cil' abUi^mi) : hf difphiy^ nore 
kKEVkfJ}^ of lift, nofc ciCTiU'./, irccr iiccuc tn^rjY, i^^i '::A^% 



eloqitencc tlian can be found in any other author. Voltaire, to dc« 
preciaie Shakcfp^ar^-, hai given a vile iratiflaiion of Julius Csfar, 
and coiDpares it with the Cinna of Corndlk, Mr. Sherlock quoin 
at length (he fptechi:^ of Marc Antony* and oppofea them toaU that 
can be found in Homier or VirgiK He addj, DetnofthcDes and Ci- 
cero were orators by profrfliofj ; is there any one of their oration i fu- 
pcrior lo Antony's ? If ilie reader wjj[ cake Mr. Sherlock's adviie, 
and mi Shnikefpearc's fcene aitentivelyt he wilt moft probably 
a^rce that noihing cnn exceed \u Racine and Shakcfpeare are not 
10 be cpmpcircd : R.icinc made regular tragedies, Shafcefpearc did 
no: [but lii^ .-^.Tj/f fr'rarastic pieces , labirh 'Villi intereji rU ciajjii ef man~ 
t.-riJ^ QsUng >ii menkind fiatt exfft^ Voltaire has talked t>f rnarijircus 
Jeirctt and gnh-v-Hi^gt-ii \ hut that writer was not tnore famous for 
hia [:i1fnta Lh;tn for x(\% praflice of pilla^ng, and then calumniating 
the perfon whtrm h? has robbed \ read Zara and Oihejfo, and then 
jadi;e of the iwo poet?. Mr. Sherlock fays. Nature made Shakf- 
5PFAKE, aud /'iflir ihe msuU. Upon the whole, the admirers of 
dhakefpeare arc much obijoed to Mr. Sherlock for removing Lhe pre- 
judices fo widely difi^ifed by Voltnire. As the Author wrote in Ita- 
lian, he ha^ catTght much of the ftylc and manner of the country. 
Me wij^es with euihurufrnt but hii obfcrvaiions are not the Icfi 
founded in truth. 

Art. ;^3. J P}9rt En-jr/iry into the Feei claimed and lakcn by tht 
Cl-'fk r)f Ajji-^Lf ^n the Hume Circuit t 5fC. 3vo. is. Dcbrctt. J786- 
Toihii Ent^uiry \% prefixed a fci ofrefoluiiona paiTtd by the Grand 

MOTTTnLvCATAtOflUEi £tff*. 


hr piM Ml Tf^i, and if ll^ tibn too moeh. |iw U anf«4r4f>Io lor csr- 
totiAon, Th« «44rcq<i£(i:« ir« ihii tFi? pcirtv eompTAvnin^ i> t«ft to 
fQtfoe hii let*' remedy, bat. iaiUad or^Ioic^f if, h< prfferi ihc so- 
Bcy !n hb pc^kct to > ttoubtcfbmc And v^prnlirc titlf tiiuit. To ^a 
It n*rt ffttHf ffiAi rfth* r*i1. ApeUuMti ittn^\il he mi^e to ptiiiu 
Bi'" ' iri aft ri>r fSf ^fltpon a mblt or-f#<r« isiflbt b« k% tcttS, 

W:r.' (JlVtlbcriRtc'lhlll b» htfAg ttp lit the oll«*o4' lh«cJtTfe 

e/ aJIixc, toe ibc lafpeAion of t!T pcrfo*? itfh*ictc% vnJ itc cxa^^ 
cr rtctinsjr oTeiofe Oii/vlJ twiHoiiibitcd «itJ<r ):tcpfr penaluft. 
Arf. 34. Otferf>atitnt 11 fit V,t and jl^Mft af iht Pwtii* 9f rtr 

L^w. By 1 Fn>rMl (rt (hp Proreiliori. ^va. m . 6d, Ai>drff>ti, Ac. 

Thii pi^p'nltE h^i fi>r ill o^j«<l the varioui ■tirchicfi AiiCn^ 10 
foAnktnJ frvni luw iliMtcj^it liiJ la^n dfthuCf of «ll Liii^^lcd^ u 
wrllii lAoraJi, ttFia, tiy UfeiJvc mesni. Iokc ilfrmreltct irlto tint 
bf&ivh /if ihr prflJHKnn, ifldjtfov^ ibr m-i1( fvrvkt')^* loctfiff that 
cv«f (aTcdcd kaoMA ri»=i«iy. TUt r«c« of du^ JirepTetfAiei Jnp«». 
pet csloars, dr^vAg ihr atwy imo fuiEi, ind ivfctft x%tj fucft^, 
ivJaus ihcir cllcsu bjr the bill of colli. Of (bii fpr^ici of iaip^* 
diMi frrcr*! laftjutods ar« tiro, lad Me in ptrucntif, told iriib 
(oflir binoor, rif a bllivi ti2*tr, whofir ialtraBipnt wm brohiMi bv «n« 
of ibr fompnr i^ ii^ai bfr pt«y«d ac a bOf> ac-v flTiacKMJk. ' Tli« 
poor inAn bid fAv«d \<>l ! :H« aErorrtf7 j^ot (hat money iot« hh 
baadii vcai u> aAmi with hit *nnc^:i, Kn<4. hu <iu<c, asd rrc«- 
witd ■ VT.'dEd firr two f>ai9r-4i. The «}cfccdxftc A.-d ibr cavncrj t 
Ibo BMir pitinilf fpent lij bit aOApy, «nd n j^ilt la deb« id ibe 
softVr *Eioro(y. Tbc Aui^ur giv« ot « eart<>u» «dveicilf «cni intm 
ibvDutv Adrertifer, in «hi(b «• bEiortkcy ia*k«j prokfion of fcSt 
kaffavla^. JAd u fo ciiiBGCfclcii it to oflct hii ftdrice iji Cf«itf««r/ 
Cj—w ^«iV c4Jb. C^tfvri^i fW Ovr«i(r««ff'w, for ibc nodertco 
fr^et »»- io Ffujei'i S*jU:nr, Old BjilrjF, jny J*)', f icrpF ^dodA^. 
Oo cheliU t^efltioaed ixj cbvi woft^r IrA^r iifuppoM i^£4t*t tf 
ifV «a^ «e cburcb> Wbn a nonl aod cjcampJvy Biat 1 Tbc i«c«o» 
bf vlnch lb» Ipectc* of vermin coctc*(: tvd aultipJx u« poinccd 
fonb vita o t'Uc pcnuL Ovkc 11 a fooiciiit to t Uit^cr : biT cJuai 
Ibot* ukI kmvpi fir Irr jrcvri, &ad Juviqu in tbat ttine loarnod to 
wTJ4Bt £Ri > cfffi^cLiv f^om t^u mtiUf, and i» iJniJiied ik attoiraeyt 
A »oM alcbcM<e-kocptr 4t ibe vtt «c4 of ibc cowa, bftvits bcvo 
tijimttls firOco 00 AUoracy, bi* aa o£cc in the dty, wJwre tbrccor 
fottf Jc«r cIcrLi itteai every dty, jiad will In Liokc be fWorn Mtor- 
0^71, We are prrirm^i wiib ;kv hiOoirf o£ a :nan ««ll kn'Mv hjr 
ilic nanf of the liff/f L^^fr^ Mbo front biie beg^unin^ b»i rtJ«o 
lA tvineofc. A noted up^efukcr, who (ortttiy ooneracted for fa- 
ACTaIi tn Ncwioif, and «ficr manjr rcan boctnk« a baoJcfttpi, bu 

{as bimlcJf cictk to ao auorncx, au^ h no*, wliJb tho iucl^ of 
ao»lod|;e wbich be ac<|jiieU U th«L U4ri]Cil icmmtry, lo iKv higb 
mAd to be aa rviiarnE trorftrj. The taitn: of itiii paapblct ii 10 
Ujf Optn tHegrofi tBpc^iion of fach wrctcbei. the Ti]Unie« which 
tbcv peAAiCei Ofidf 1^ a faJuiory cmiiooi to puc ihe How^ry Dpon 
ihetr ^luid. Tbcdclfi u uu4/ Undabte. We think u ouj b« 
pufittA lu a itiJef ensrni; and Iboald Uie Autho* cuUr^^ hit pUn, 
Ve will A( kai bire Ibe jbmi of aiimptiag so do a bcaf Be to pa&- 


176 MotiTHtY Catalooob, Edutatm^itt, 

Art. 35, The Forifi Offiar'i Ctmpsnhn \ or a new and compTrfft 

Lihrary of I'ariili Liw. By Somerviile Dingley, Erq. Author of 

the Appendix 10 Bprn^i Jultkc 1 imo^ 2». &d. Lifler. 1786. 

Though the L.iwi relative to parJIh affaiTi are pretty grneraUy 

known, yei ihe many ne« a^i that are paJltd, and the cdfea ihac are 

3djuil{;i:d in the different courlv, render new editions of works of ihi) 

kind neoeii'nir}' for inltru£tmg church-wardens and overrern in their 

duty. We have not at hand the JaJl edition of 6iiaw*s Pffrifi LmtVf 

for the purpofe of compatifon. 

Art. ^6. Obftrvatiom ^n tbt Statutes rtiating t§ thi Stamp Dutiti^ 
particularly on profeffional an4 mercantile Proceedings) &C. Hy 
John Rayncr, of the Middle Temple, S^'o, 3.%. 6d, Flcxitey. 

Thefe Obfervations ten4 to {hew the difficulties and inaceoradea, 
and fometimcs the partiality wirh which, in Mr. R.'soptnioiir the 
i£atiitcA rclaiive to ihe itamp-d u ties abound. He [hinka ' that other 
mpdea of increasing the revenue might have been adopted, which 
noiild have anTwrred the purpofe of the ilate as well, aod, at the 
fame time, ha^'e convinced mankind, that the legiflatore had much 
xnore at heart the eafe than the burihco of the fuhjeA-' The tax on 
attorneys ii particularly difliked by this experienced observer, on ac« 
count of its obvious inequality and opprcllive partiality. 

£DUCATior«, School Books^ i^c. 
Art- yj. Reading madt moji Bafy \ confiftinj? of a Variety of ufc- 

ful'LeJlon^ By W, KuJher, Maftcrof the Charity School at Bui- 

hiirv-- rimo. td. Gougt. 1736. 

MoVTBLV CaTALOGUK) Eaft Ind'tiS^ kc, I77 

Aff- 39< jfn EJfa^ OH prortgundrrg and reading French: to Hiow, 
thii by Study and Application the Englifh may acquire, with Crr-> 
lAinty, and la a fhort Time, the true French Acceni* By Mr. Dei 
Ouncrei. Svo. 3s. 64- Boards. Elmfly. 1787- 
This ElTiy fcems 10 be beuercalcubied for inflroAing Englilh- 
Kea in the French pronunoiatloti than any of ihofe numerous pubJi- 
' citioni, for thai parpofe, which wehaveleen. There is a great diffi- 
calty ID giving dc^nidons of Aich ideas ai ivc the objefta of fcnfe 
alooe ; foundi thercibre, like colovira, are but ill deJiiied by wordi. 
To perfooi entirely ignorant of the French pronunciation, tbeprefcQt 
performaDtc can be of little fervice ; but to thofe who have acquir- 
ed foaie knowledge of that language, it wriZ afford very confiderabfe 
alEftance. The Author appears to be a man of tafteaud ingenuity; 
bii obfcrvaiiona are founded on jkifl ground;, and arc the r-eJult of an 
cxKnUve knowledge of knguage in general, and an intimate ac- 
qaaintATiGe aith <he bed authors on the fubjefl. L'Abbe d'OIivet 
and M. Bouillettc havealTurdcd him great alliance; he qcknow- 
ledfeit ]ndecd> to have freely ufrd rhe laLter's Traile des font dt la 
iMmg^e Fran^oi/t, a book of caa£derable reputation among the 

East Indies. 
Art. 40. Oh/ervaiioitJ on the Defence trndc by Warrcn Hafllngs, 
Efg, Parti. 8vo. xt, Dcbrett. 1737. 
Contains many fevere animadvcr^ons on the Defence, and on the 
Condu^, of Mr. Mailings, particularly ;n regard to the KohiTIa ^'ar. 
—This ia the trail concerning which an unavjiiling tomplaini we* 
made, in the Houfe of Commons, by M^Jor 5, (the active friend of 
Mr. H-) on account of Us ^^ malignant principle and tendency-" — 
The pamphlet is wcll-writien : Ita author unknown, though Qire^ dly 
guefTcd at- 

Poetry. f 
Art. 41. BUnhtm^ st Poem. By ihc Rev. W- Mavcri 410. 
3£. CadcU. 1787, 
We cannot apply to this poem. On Uleuheim Houfe, what Mr. 
Pope faid of his Wtnd/or Farejl-^ , 

" Where pure Jefcription holds the place of fenfc'* — ■ 
^ir there is much good fcnfe and laudable fentim^nt rn this dcfcrip- 
tive poem ; and boEh are agreeably arrayed in cafy and (in gener.1l) 
harjnoniojs numbers. The whole is introduced to tbereaJcrbya 
¥rry modcft Hfcface, in which he U informed that ' The Poem was 
not written amid philoJuphic eafe and literury coiivTrfaiion. It ori- 
ginated,^ faya the writtr, 'from local aEiachmenls, Find was pro fe- 
evHfd at iTiofe intervals \^hen ill health gave a neccfl'ary rtl-ntauon 
from prcfcHionaE itvoC'iiinn^f or when the cares of Life drove the 
Auihijr t'» ihc innocent allcvi.itioni of verfe. Under fuch circum- 
Jbncei, h^d he pijfrcllird rcW poetic fieniu*, it mu^f hivc bren dc- 
prcJled ; atid at h^ layj claim to little more than poeiic inilination, 
he is cuu feniibie his produHion i^ much uner]i],iJ 10 the firbjcft. ' 

Such becoming diflidencc never f::il^ to iutt'rcll the rcj.lcr in an 
author's i>ehalf : whatever merit mny appear in hiiproifiF^'Jon, lutpie 
credit ]i jfiven hrm for it; and candour throwa her frienuly vciE ovit 
Kii'. TL-b. 1787. N 0.\y^t 


MoKTHLv Catalogue, Dramatic, 

thofc imperfc^ions whicli, from the pen of ArrogAoce, might have 

btrn jud]jt'H worihy of \\\e ft'vcrctl criiicJfm. 

Art. 42- 7he Ntiu Rcjdad: A Poem. 4to. is. 6(1^ Hookbun. 

Fram the " Seflion of the Poets," written by Sir John SackUogr 
in the reif-n of Charles ihr Second, down to Tht DiahUa/, in the 
ifign of George ihe Third, we have had feveraJ poems on the fame 
plan: — a vacant Jnurp^tlhip, or a vacant tbione in the infernal 
Jliadeff or. &c. &c. 

Thi^ new work is to be considered as a vehicfct to convey, to the 
Public, the Author's fr^nhmcnts relative to the merits of the prefenc 
fcE of r.^ors on rlie London Scenfi, — as the cant of the tines ha« it. 
" (1 A It R I {. K deccas'Jt each high-^fpjring play'r 
AlftTC? prctfn(ions 10 the vacant chair—*' 
C "L.MAS is, very properly, appointed judge j and the ffvcral per- 
fo^nifr; sre chara^cnfed, in advancing their fevcfal claims. Mrs* 
SiJJons obr.unj the preference, 

" you, ^reat Siddoni I mull poflcfa the chair. 

Nor qui[ it lili ihou'll plac'd an equal there." 
Tht Auil-ff appears to have formed a loler-ibly juft conception of 
the r: Ipidi^-c; t^ilenta and meKts of all the candidates ; but his Mufe 
liuhhlt^p if pnHible, a thoufjnd times worfc than Sutklin^'ii and flic 
WJ15 biil a forry Trapes. 

Art. 4j, VA/ Aianiacs: a Tragi-rnmic Tile. By Nichohs 
Nobodjr. 410. ja. Bidgway, 1786* 
iMr NribnHy, viewing \largaret Nicholfon's attempt on the Iifeof 
hi- Mi^Jtf^yin a lu.licrous light, has made it the fuhjefl of a ballad. 

MottTHLT C'ATALOGUB, TheoUgy- 179 

tlintricil ntpericncc, tnd kuowlcdgcof dramauc effcfl. Mr. King 
bu beeo fo long in the fetvice of the comic: mtifc, wiih credit to 
htmfelf, md the general cJlcem of Ehc Public, that a better aJvifer, 
Iq «I1 that re^rda tht fUM/ffn^ tf the ficja^ could not be found upon 
ttay theatre. The advantage of having fuch a critic, coniributedt 
voll probably^ to the great propriety, and» indeed, briUbncyt with 
which the piece appeared in the reprefcnution. Th?fMmecffi?a 
cannot be expeAed in the clofet. To jinlgc of* Firft fhor, it muft 
be fee© ; and fo it U with the piece before us. It does not aim nt 
fncceli by the prodnflion of chofe foibles, or humours, which conlli- 
tate charatier. Mri. Pattypan's love foT TimTaktlet ii not 
i^iftinguifbed by any hind of peculi^irity. Mr. Bit^jiefy, by the hap- 
|nnefs of his clofc and natural llyle of a&ing, gave diltinflive features 
to Old Whimsev. but his countenance and tone of loice cannot 
be prinCed. .The Author intended 10 divert by incidenr, and fre- 
quent torni and conniertiirn^ of the buHncfs. Jn this he has fUwCeed- 
cd fo wet], thai we {ball not obje^ to h^m the wiat of probahiJity, 
with which many circumrtanccs are brought forward. Om> Wriiu- 
«ET brings his daughter to lonrn, to keep her fafe from Monfoid : 
licii TO have the ufe of bis fon's lodging. Youkg Whhisry tt 
cumed out of his lodging, and this lioes not feem 10 be weji manag- 
ed, MoifroKD happens to take that very lodging, and O^a 
Whiu^ey goes thither wirh bis daughter. This premifcs well ; hut 
the Tcrj man, whom the father ttiJlics to avoid, is tao fonn difcover- 
ed ; and, for the f:ii;c of carryiug on the plot, Old V/hi ■! - ev 19 
made to beFieve lii^.c i mrttch will be concluded bctwi^rn Monj-or..! 
■nd Mrs. ?ATTr?A^. In this notion he is canlirm^U by lilkning to 
> COQverfaijon, every word of which he mifun^ie.-l!ands, and turns 
hi) oi#D way, Mr. Codb ha$ a fcnile invcntLon, and h^s had the 
■ddrefs to make a number of inciJentj grr w out of on- c^ncther. 
That an uphotllcrer rticuld furnifh apaTimcnis for a man he ::evec 
faw, U not within the i\n€t ru!e of probability ; it fettiu% ho^v-ver, 
to make room for the ivhimfical adicniure of the fiifier's iiein^ fup- 
I ofed to be the fon iri the i!ifi.riiirc ufan oM man. Undi-r thJi mif- 
take he h arreWed, anJ the fc<:ne i^ c;irritd on ivlrh pk :]raritj y, A 
gorni ufe is made uf the wlndo^^ curtJifi, an J tht: douTS thai K'.id to 
dirtcrent apartments, Fram the 3grcfal>k ju:]ibli? of all tf-^^'iher, 
the jefult js a plcafanr fiircc, of thai kind, which is called by the 
critics Comedy of Inirigut. Mirth is excited, and, as hhr^me fayi, 
tji qn^dam lamia htn quc^iit iririai. But V.Z pro^^nolTicale from the 
vivatity and natiiral turn of the dialngnnr, tlut Mr. C.jcj ivill, at a 
future period, give the PtiMic fomcthin^; of hii^hrr v:fiic In iho 
in''an time, "rvfj fritiul I'.-'jo ta-k^i a pes'' at tic f^ij Fhott ivJI iff' 
nifiar if 1-jith hii ap'rthatlen. 


Art. 47, Strm'^Jti on Relhisui anJ i'raSfkal Fu\i.7s. "By the 
Rev, A. Blackjtone Rudd, M. A. late of Univcrri.y CuHc^'^-', 0;i- 
ford. Vicar of Diddltbury, in ihff Couaty of Silop, and Kc^dcr at 
LuOfijtf', Svo, Ludlow, printed. 1706. No I'^ice m-.f. :!0:icd, 
nor London Goukleiler' 
The fubjefli of ihefe difcourfe^ are the folloixingi I. The deficit ' 

lad cbjcdt of Chrifliani(y, Prov, tii, 17, Ji, 'V\\t <Uv\nu^ li^ CVvJ^ 

i8o MottTHLY CATVtoavia 7M^ 

ilTcricd hf t'ht evldfoce or thff Cealnrjoa tod fail xtteadtttf at d# 
crudAjLiCD, Match, xitvii. §^- XII* A fixed beUef ii tb« 4in|V 
fLiributei the true fupport oT man 'in tbe prebat lM«j Flib 
Iviii. ]o> 1V< End' aad dcfi^ of btpufiiit boJoT. ii. ilp L«. 
V, ChriAiin warfare, MaEihi^xaiv.4>, 4*. Vf* Dmi>e jnflke aa^ 
pcafed by cobiriie guili, Luke it. io. VH. Xppcfftince of <a a^ 
viriuoai education, Prov^ xxii, 6> VEU. B^Dcfiu 0FBCMralu£&- 
mariefl, Prov. xiv. 51. JX, Jobf, i< 17^ TbelAW eame b^ Molci, Jtrc. 
X. Faiie/a] iermon, Irom i Theff. it. 13, 14^ XI. ^ioific^of A* 
law fignndve of ihe death of Cbrifi, johp, i, 4c. Xtt- XtaUf 
fenfeof |>rophecy. Pfal. ii. 3. XIIL Caution orCjbnQt la Dot de- 
clanng himfelf to be the Meffilb, flated and accoantcd for, ^vkf 
XV, 2, J, 4, ^. XIV. EUJAb triumpbuti 1 Kingtj xriii. si, 
XV. Dayof ju'dgmenc, 1 Cor- xr. a4. The eighth of thttc dif* 
courfcA hu been before pabLiftied, and 11 takep notice of itt'tl^ 
67Ch volume of the Review, p/t6o. . The fecond Ifemt to «fierl th; 
Jivinitj of Chriil'A JoSrint, nthcr thao what faaa been geaeralLf an- 
derllood by the phrafe, the Jivinity »/ C^rifi. The twelfth TerflMHia 
Ofl ih d^uhk Jtn/t 0/ pr^fbtcf, i> followed by foihe p^gei of votet^ 
giving a fhort account of ihe mofl coaGderable aUdion whoiuTO 
writitn on the fubjc^, together with ' an ibArafl qf fbae of thf 
Pfafms which chiefly refer to our bleffed Saviour.' 

The Author of ihefe fermoni haslheiTn, in iheircompolitiont noc^ 
good (cTkh and ingenuity. Hm fiyJe it generally correA s bat wKm 
)5 mofl important, \\\s difcourJei are all directed to ptadical im^ 
ufcrul purpores- SonfUiTif*! p*i^api, whi^c f.tiefi»i^^e 10 hli Ian- 
be mav not ia thorousbl^ invefiicate Et*c feniittenT. Ooc 

Monthly CATAiooin, tht&Ugj^ i8£ 

well known that the Author, ahboueh fomcwhat conlinrd in hi* 
rdigiouv fcncimrnW w» exemplary £r piety and charicy; and ihii 
pMi of bu writings may contribuLp CO AlTilt And ftrengtlieii tbe iiunv 
excclJeni dirpofiiioni jn others. 

Art. 4.9* A Difiourfe ttpon Rtpentanct, By Thomas Scnt% 
Morning Preicher at ibe Lock HofpicaL isaio. la. JobofoQ. 


Tbif )> one of tbofe ufeful crafts, whicbj without enccring jntQ 
learned difquin c ion 1, apply acknowledged and imponani truihj 19 
tV heirt. in the way of plain and affection ate add re fs. It u writicft 
in a ftyle adapted to the ondern an dings of the common people, and 
ik A very proper booL (0 be diflri bated among them. 
Alt. 50. Str't£furts SH T-wq DifiourftS, by S»*»*l C*»**r, D. D. 

oc»lloned by the Death of his Eldest Daughter, izqio. is. 

iLearliy, ^c_ 1787. 

Qai hrotbrr Revieuer 15 too perfonaT. Whatever may be the me* 
Ht of his criijcifms on Dr. C*^**t's Srrmoni, Jt is abforbed and loA. 
in the farcafma and feveriiy of his f^riftures on ihcir Autht/r- Surelj 
there mull have been fome private piqut in the cafe (— 'But be that aa 
i; m«r, the manner ot attack, from whatever motive, is gertainly iU 
Art. 51. A Difiourfe on fbt Nqture &nd Dtfign of ihi Lord's .^«jfr- 

frr, with the Advantages which may be rcafonably cxpefted from 

ft regular and fi^-rious Attendance on it. By Robert Geotlemao* 

lamo, 4d. Shrewlbury, printed, and fold by Buckland, &c in 

London. J7S6. 

A plain RXtd practical ire.-itifi^ on ihe fubjefl propofed, intended 
principally for the poor and the young, but adapted alfo to tbo 
Jervice of all othjTrf, 
Arc* 52 Six Letttrs to a Friend ^ on iheEflablifLn'.enlof Sunday 

Schools- By Philip Parfona, A. M. Minifter of Wye, in Kent: 

Author of Di:i1ogucs bet#Ij<t the Dead and the Living, itmo. 

|i. 6d. Becket. 1786. 

The nature and d^fign of Sariday fchools i» now pretty ^neraH^ 
nnderllood- Thii gendeoian is a warm advocate in iheir favour j 
a raijonaL advocate, who conHJers them as juHifird and recommend- 
ed on evrry principle of piery, humanity, juiiice, und even intcreft. 
He has fu;:cee(Led in his endc:^vours of eflabliihing une in his ow^ 
parilh ; and he Ubours, in ih^jfc letter?, to promi'te an atteniinn to 
tjie fchcme, In all other piriflie?, and to anhver the objections *hicfc 
are (omettmes raifed, 'I'l> the letters is added, a Jbort ;ind fuitable 
addreii to the parents and children at /#3'f, who do, or may reap 
the benefit of (his inltilution. As this publication is properly 
adapted to the purpofe, we are glad to find that it ha^ been tilperfed 
among the families in that parilh. The letters arc well written; 
and we have been much pJcafcd with the perufii of them. The 
Author appc:ir> to be one of thofe worthy pacrio^s who arc 2ejlouf 
to promote the plan of Sund.ty fcbools from principle, and who have 
exerted themfelve?, doabt[eU» with heart-fdt f^usfa^ion, in their 
l^lidablc cndei^vours co carry it into exec utioa. 

( i8i ) 

S E R NT O N S. 

i. Prcaclicd at St. Thomas\ Jan. i, 1787, for theBeoefil of Lb# 
Charily School in Grjvcl-Lanc, Sonchwirk. By Abraham Rcc3| 
D. D. F, R. S, 8vo. 6d. Longman, 1787, 
Dr- Rtei com'idcra ihe wftimonf recorded io the text, ' OGaJ,thau 
hsfi t&ught me from my youth ; and bithirto ha.'Vt I declared thj vwi^ 
Jraifi ivortj,* as the dccl^raiion of aperfon who, m the review of his 
life, valued himfelf on iiccount of (he many advantage! hceojoyedtani 
whoi in hia addref; to Gr>d, rrcognizea it, ai the highcft privilege con- 
ferred on him, i&ar ht bad hsen taught frttm his youth. Our Author, 
availing himfelf of this evidence, gii'en by a perfon in advinccd life, 
vnamerates, with great piopriety, the princij^al circumlUticet that 
ferve to evince the oencAt of early inRruftion in religion. 
II- Frta^hid^ Sept. 20, 1786, a! the Mtttingof thttvi^^^ Choiks, 
of Hereford, Gloucefier, and WorceJlcr, \y Hugh Morgan, M.A- 
Canon Residentiary of the Cathedral Church of Herciordp 410. 
15. Evans. 

An elegant compofiuon, wel! adapted to the occafion. 
jn. Preached at the Lock Chapel, April 30, 1786, en the Detth 
of the Rev. Dr. Conyers ofD^pifard, By Thomas Scott, Morn- 
ing Preacher ai the Lock Chapel, 8vo. 6d. Johnfoh. 
The eameftnefs and ardour with which Mr, Scotthaa recommenH- 
edt to his hearers and readers, a due prr-paration for death an4 
jiidgmeni, are very fuitahle to fobjefla of fuch great folemnity ; ind 
Jince the pre:tc:RT'i dcfign is cvidcntiy lo do good, vcc Cinnol but 
wjlh him Tuccefs, 


Vl. At the Chapel in Sconeboafe, near Plymouth, Dcroa, oa the 

iid of Oflobcr 1796, before the Subfcribcrs to i Sunday School, 

lardy eaablifhed in that Place. By Jo^ha BidUke, A. B. MaJler 

of the Grammar School, Plymouth, ^to. ii. Law. 

Another good fermon, on a fuhjeA whrch at prefent fecmi To laql. 

dahly to occapy the public attention. Whatever profits may arife 

JroDi the Tale of ji aie to be applied to the fund of the charity whiclx 

n immediately recommenda. The text of this djfcogrfe ia Matthew, 

tiw. 40. From which inftruftive pa^gc thl^ philanthropic preacher 

conliden* and carorcei in a Judicious and eloquent flrarn, the duties 

tdd pleafarc$ of beaevolcnce ; particuJuly that moA afeful eretciJv 

of it on which the prefent difcourfe is founded. 

VJJ. SmmJaj Schools ncoma»nded^ before the ailbcUted DifTeDClug Mi- 
niHen in the Northern Countiei, at their Atinua] Meeting at 
Morpeth, June 13, i^S6, To which 11 added, an Appendii 
concerning the Formation, Condufl, and £xpence of thefe Schools, 
Bf the ReT. William Turner, jun. Svo. i«, Newcallle priDted^ 
London, fold by Johnfon. 

This difcourfe muil take place among the beA of thofe which have 
ippeared on the fubjefl of the Sunday charity. The Author rejefb, 
»ith juft difpleafure, the Mandt^iiUen and tyrannical argument 
iguofi the indrudion of the Poor, and urges, with fenfe, rcafon, 
and |>i«tv, an attention to the practice which hu happily fo much 

Sircrailed in many pstrts of this country ; and at the fame time he aa- 
ven objedlions iha[ may be? mifed agsinA it. The little hiftory of 
thefe fchoofs, and thecondufi of them, added lo the difcourfe^ may 
be fervic«ble to thofc who arc eng:igc<4 in the fame dcllgn. The 
benevolent Mr. Raikes of GLouceKert ihe firll mover of the'c infl{- 
taiions, ii mentioned with deferred rcfpefl ; and, among other thing*, 
a letter of hia concerning them is inferied. 


7i tht Authors sf tht Monthly Review. 

tN your Review for November lafl, you notice ttvo publications by 
^ WiUism Matthews, and inform your Readers the Author is 4 

Without at all entering into the merits of his publication!, or the 
peculiar t^nria wiib which you fay they are lEr.flured, 1 willi to in- 
form you and your readers, that WiJliam Matthews, in confequencc 
of di^i.'rtri^ tVom the Quakers in fome pointi deemed by ihem eiTen- 
liaTs, is difownt^d by :hem, and a& fuch cannot properly be called ■ 
Qu:;kcr. — Thi^ is » drcumftarice that I wonder did not occur to your 
recolifdion *, as \\ is not very long fmcc you reviewed his »plan^ 
lory appeal to his brethren, wrote in confegueuce of their liifow'zijfig 

Your candour will perceive the nec^^y of dating this matter 
truly, that chf fociety ^i which he was once a mt-mtwr may not be 
held anfu'er^bl* fcv any peculiar opinions in thefe, or in any future 
publications from the fame pen. Before 1 conclude* I would ob- 

* The circumllancc had, indeed, efcaped our icct^'U^vo^- 


fervc that iTic Qjakfirs have ever eftcemed fuch as are approveiC 
Jptaktn amongft them to be miniflers of the GoTpclj bcJng hrmfv 
pfrrfunded that itfithoat a GofpcUcaM, and ordinitioo, ihey cuLoot 
mifliiier to profit. 

I am your Frieed, 

G, B, 


•»• An anonymous Mcer, beariug tbe BridgDOrih pofl-mirfc, pro- 
ofed an alteration, with refpefl to the manner of ptintingf on our 
luc covcra, the lift of the articles in each number of the Review ; 
but the method recommended by thii unknown Correfpondent can- 
not be regularly adopted, for want of room, as it !a fometinies very 
dilliculi to comprise the numeroas JiJl of Concents within the limits 
of the page. When the number of articles is Ihoricr than ofu*!, ihe 
letier-wr^er^s method might be followed : but m thole cafrSt the 
ncceflity of the aheraiion ia alfo leflened, — The oilier pirta of oitr 
namclefs correfpotideoE's letter cannot with propriety receive ^puhlic 

\\\ Homo M^dicus is received ; but the intelligence it contain* 
cannot othcrwif*: be rommunicaieJ lo the Public than in the form of 
an advcri^femf-'nt- If the fubjr^ of his fetter be reduced to that Jbrm, 
it may be infcried on the cover of our Review, on the ufual terms. 

\^\ We fliall anfwer CESTRiErfsii more fully when we are fatif- 
fjtu iu ti> :h? 1j*H of ilati^a h^m^ J}isi'*rd. U'c could h4veHi!}eJ 



For MARCH, 1787. 

AfcT. I< Philosophical Transactions of tht Royal Sodetj »f 
Lndm. Vol. LXXVf. For the Year 1786. Paru I, and iL 
Concluded: See our l^j p, m. 

PhiIhO^ophical and Chemical Faprru 
BxpmmtMii on Hepatic Ain By Richard KirwiJl, Efq. F. R. S. 

HEPATIC air ia thtt fpecics of permancntTy elaflic fluid, 
which ia obtained from combionions of fulphur wiih aU 
talki «nd other fubftinccs as particulirly in the decomporLtion 
tif bepar Jiilphiirit by marine acid. lis moft obvious chara^er- 
HVics arc, a peculiar fetid fmell; inflaaimabiliiy, when mixed . 
with a certain proportion of commoa or nitrous air ; mifcibility 
with water in a certain quantity \ and a poller of dircoljuring 
nietaht particularly filver and mercury. 

This air a£ts an important part in the o^conomy of Nature. 
It i» frequently found in coaUpir; ; and Bergman has fhewn Ic 
fo be the principle on which the lulphureoua propcnics of mi^ 
neral waters depend. There is allb reafon to thin!;, that it ia 
the peculiar [iroduft of the putrefa^tjon of animal fubHancea: 
rotten cgga, and corrupt waterj are known to emit the fmelL 
peculiar- to thia fpecies of air, and to difcolour metallic fub- 
ftances in the fame manner : and leveral other indications of 
thia air have lately been difc^vered in purriRed blood. 

Though thia fubflance appcjrs to deferve a thorough exa- 
sTfin^tion, it hath as yet been very little attended to. lyr* 
Prieftley has aZnioft entirely overlooted it ; and ihe experiments 
made by oihen, have either not btcn fufficiently extcnfive, or 
the air wa) collected over watcr^ by which it is in a great meafure 
«hr<irbed i froin both which fourcea fome mjlcnal errors have 

Mf- Kirwati'a examination of this intereflin^ f7uid ia accurate 
and complete ; and we rccommenJ it as a model for other expe- 
rimentera In the fame line. He firll delivers the fimple fat^s, 
afcercained by repeated trials^ and difengagcd from all theory and 
conjectures under the head* tjf — the fubft;4iicesibat yicU the he- 

VoL.LXXVI. O ^».ui 

J 86 PhiUfifhUai Trtmfe^tiwh f^rU L mi lUfir 17I6. . 

fiatlc air, 4ad the miRncr of obuioioff it « tbc ssaenl chinAcn 
of this tlti the a6tion of the hepatw tail omr wml flnidi 
upon one another I the adi^ of hC|»tic air, and oT acid, ak** 
tioc, ind iDflimmable liquidi upon each other; the prafMftfas 
of water fttuMted wrth thit air } and" tbc prDpertk* of tlodte 
liquor) impregnated with tt. Whoever pcnfca tbrfr tsfci^ 
mcnii with moderate attencioD, caoDOC ^il to agtcv with, or 
rather to anticipate the A|rtbort >n bii conclnfioii ROtt theifta to* 
fpf^ing the t9r^ltution of hepatic air, — that it if 00 othv than 
aifiual fulphur, kept in ao ureal ftate bjr ooioo with tba BMer 
of heat. 

Such a multiplicity of diftind fa^, deferibed witb y nocli 
brevity ai is confiftent vritb the necefiary precifioD| can ad^k 
of no <tbridgment. We fliall joft mention a few of ifeoB,- to 
give our Readers fome idea of tbfl grouDdi on which tho abdto- 
mcntioncd corrdufion ii built. 

The moft delicate teft of hepatic air, \% a folntioo of film \fi 
nicrous acid, which becomea bUck« browo^ or rciMifli htowrf> 
from conta^ with this air, however mixed with anj .otter ocr 
or fubftance. The precipitate it fbund to be^^jh^ar^atf filvcr 1 
and the fairie general cfied happens in other mctailic fblfefioM^ 
though with fome difitrences in particular phenomctia. 

When this air ii mixed wtth common, phiogifticated^ depbfo- 
glflicated, inflammable, or marine-acid airi,nodimiiiution;ofbnjk 
iblrrvcd, nor do the fluids appear ta have anv aftii 



And converftflyt whtn th« iciJ ii prfvionfi^ cotnSiaed «riU) a 
(blabk C4rtb^ ihoggh it Rill decofrpufc* the bcpo/, no Ixpdtic 
3ur 10 pixH^utYd, ht wini of the matirr of hrar, which had befcre 
been expelled froox tt by the cidh. Tt)« Hrif of ibcfc cuiiocii 
fifl* is fmm Mr Sch^Ic^ chc oihcr h Mr. Klrwin'f. 

1'Ik Pip«r C4wclud<« w*ih ioint expenm^nEft on pUf^btrit hi' 
paiU mr i frnoi which ii ippciii, ifajt * i^i> kit is no;hmb; clfc 
mil phcfphprifi itf^Jf in fta 4CfcaJ Hjlt] dj^cfirg fiocn (klphur 
ta ibjtt Amu«ig other potnti, lh«t it ic^uuci oiuch Icfa IiEcaC 
hfil ta ihroifv ji taco a/i ^ml form, and h^nee maj b« diJ'cJi* 
£tgcd fro<ii fixed akaljci without ihc dffill«nc« oF &o 4Cid.' 
O^imatltus «fli li« 5u||ftifiiir /f^ at Hamuf^ati^ made U Jufy 

0mJ tft^Vjft 1765- Bv ihe Rigbi RcTcicAd Richird Lttfd 

BiJbopof UndAiT, F. R, S. 

Hii Lordltiip g>vrf in jc<V)jnE of th« late d'\ko\-ery of Tomr 
new fpnngs in thr» «rt^hE>;}tjrbDod, fimiitr toihcolJt of the 
nuurc ind &aU of thr ulJAcciLf ^rouDd ; of ihc tcmpciAlurc of 
the wAiCrip whKh it fo«4d la diff<r in iht dftrrrnc wtiU u ih« 
fioxlinK, And ip ibc f4n»c mil ic difcrcsi timo, folluwiag 
eli« viriMwrit of cbe cxunul htn Of cdd ^ vhencr ii ftiould 
fttn thu ibc fpTLAga do not Jk dttp, or ihit tbc water funi 
for > confidcrjiblc dUhnfr in a chinnel To nrar the fdffacc 
of ibe cifth, a> to hv ilfrdcd by the tcmperAtu'e cf the itoio* 
/pbtrc. Their onif mineral imiarr^nscion, hclidet the fufphufp 
u common filt, and of thii ilfo the quaauty ia wtiy di^cKAt 
CTCO in (he four wclU At ihc vilh^Cf though fo nejf to unc 
tnochCTf that ihey wi^bt all be i^tofe^ in a cticle of fcvea or 
tij^hi ya:da in dumcccr: the flron^ft appcare co contain one 
ounc« cf rhf filr in about foui pioct and a balf, and ih< wcakicft 
not f|ui:c one (bird To raucb* 

That thefe ir^icn arc ^mpreflntfcd with aftual fulphur, hJi 
LordJbip has clUbMhcd beyond a poifibility of doubt ^ for ic 
appears from bi« ob^vatiom, (hat fulphkr U fouitd Ajckintf co 
the bafon into whicb the water fpinn^,— fublinKd upon the 
Aotfies wbkh cimpofe ihc edi5ce furiuuiidiiig ibc wdJ,— ad* 
herJng to the fidra ol tlae tabt in which ih« wacer AajiJi.^fub- 
Sding 10 the botcoDi of ibc clbaanci ia Mbjcb the wiier run*, 
*— ar.d eovriir^g ibe (office of lAe nrib^ and the blade« of graft 
orer whtcb it dawi. 

With regard to the nature or cnedtum of the inpregnat^, 
liii Lordfhip fufpcflcd u TO be an acrul ditiJ* bcfote he hrcaoc 
ac(|u4imrd with ti«rgcnao'i ot>ferr«iion) oa that fubje^t to 
whon be rcadiiv Ri»ca up boih the pr-^rity of tht diiecwcfV) 
■nd the mcMt nf pfrrfc-ruiinK it> Ht: obfrrrcif ib-U the iir fc- 
ptrttfle itGtn Dctbjfhvt JcaJ orr, aod from bbctr-jacic, by fo- 
i«4ttEi i9 tUtiuUc Mid, iir>pre^fi«U4 eommon w*k< witfi tbc 
fvlfbareirja JJncll ol IlinovgUe iraKrj^chai lea wtcick^ ^\\* 

l88 Ph'iUfophkal I'rffnjafihns^ Parts !. tfv^lL /Sr lySfi. 

cined to a certain point, docs the fimc i — thit en bmking mtfr 
an old coal'work, in vrhicb fooie wood h>d long beea tcfc rot* 
tipg, a great quimirjr of water ifTued out, fmeHiog !ikc tbc Hai'* 
rowgatc, and leaving, » ibat water don, « white fcum on the 
ear:h which it pailcd over ; — that on opening a well of common 
water, in which a log of rotten wood wai foutn}, t ftrong &Dd 
^iflin£t fmel] of Harrowgatc water waa perceived; — and that 
fulphureous waters found in fomc bogs or moraflea feem to aTife 
from rotten wood j — that fhale, of which there it a ftrat«im ex- 
tended all over the country about Harrowgate, and from which 
the fulphur wells fpring out, contains both vitriolic acid and 
phEogif}on, which arc the conftituent parts of folphur ; and that 
fomc pieces of the Ibate^ wh«n calcined to a ccrtaia degree, have 
been found Co communicate the fulphiueous impregoation to 

Jidditional Obftrvtifi&Tts on making a Tberaiamtter fir mt^furing thi 
higher De^reis B/HeaU By Mr. Jofiah Wedgwood, F-R, S, 
Ot the Author s firft Paper concerning this excellent (hermo- 
iiie[cr, wc gave a pretty full account in a Former toIuok *• In 
that Paper he communicated every thing that nperience had 
thfn taught him, refpefting both ibeconftruAion and nfe of tbift 
thermometer \ but more cxtenfive practice ba« fince convinced 
him, that other managements and precautions are neceflary, in 
order to bring it to the perfcdion it is capable of receiving } for 




PC could novr be procwtd ibit duniniflK^ /t rrrvt.b as the p^r* 
Cd or^ginilly mids ufc of. After ririoui rcjfirchrt iri^ »|>c- 
rLounii^ diftitcd by 4 thoiougH kc«wMjt<e of tbc fubjcct* tnd 
wakb biTC dirccvcrcd inLay cujvqui paitkuL/i fcr'pcdmg ih« 
ptQf)ctti» cf tbii claA of ^iribf, be h» recourfe ro an t^Biixiurc 
of ibccinh of aluQit the inKr^><'>< on whicb ibcdjitiinmioii l>y 
&c adJ al] the jr^illi^nu.\ ^r^ipcuirt ^rprnr) ; JinJ by 1 dua 
|tfOpCM6oa of wkich cbt common porctltfin dayi ai Co^dwiU 
9tv made to corrcfponcl in ill dcji^itfti of hcAc vhh thf oii^'tml 
cUy, rceeiviDe From it at the haxe tunc Tome o:h<r imporunc 
jidvjmia^. ' CoinciJciiCc with (be onpjoal/ bt; o^rcirfi, ■ wm 
aoc indm «iI«QiiU ^ but u many dc;;r«<« of h«s( Wfr« alrcjdf 
before the pubJiCt nxarufcd by thcrato[nctc-r-pK<«3 ni*de of iha 
fidi cUy, and u the correfpon^ciKe of the firft wicb FabreH- 
bcitS fcilt* hid likcwifc been »■ foiM ractfufc afcciuir^d *, It 
wit dci^rablc Lhat the funcdcgreei of bciE (UoM coiitin^ l« 
be ckprefled by ibe hmc nmnbefB.' 

Of the ciTtbifiaJrtng propcitkf of rome of tbc aitural di] 
wt ihti\ meAtioo one* on accctint o>f wbM Hppcifi 19 ui t vcri 
AiapofUat confequencc rtfulting front it. * Though ihey cnn< 
Cioucd dinini[bLflg with tolenbic fff^ulirtti'i cf> eo t ceruii 
pcfjod of h«at» about that in which cad iron rkIif, yi nuiii 
of tie pi«cf(, ofgcd with 8 heat known t<^ he grtitt ib^n ihii 
were foand not 10 be dlainilhcd h much i« ihofe wK-ch hat 
inStttd only that lower htJt- Farther cxpcrimraft fh^vcd^, 
that alter diminiChipg to 1 ccrtsm poinr* tHcy bt^in, vpon aft. 
liiCreaJc of nc hrit ncyond thai po<m, lu fwell agiiin ; nni^ a^ 
lbi> efivA ifi conOanV ui crrtttn eUy** and btA^ai cailiell j[^ 
ibofc wh^da lee oioft vUrifcibfft aiid «» cU^i aie fuunJ 10 fwe\\ 
upOfl ihe approacli of viinftcition, I look upon tbii enlatgemctit 
of bulk, hu«cvci ir^ccofitkrtblc, af a fuic indicuii^n of ibc cUy^ 
having gone bc/ond the imc porcelain ftatr, aid of a dirpn^tn^i 
takioi^ place lowarda vJinticatLorr. — The debtee ol fctjt, ibcfC* 
t<Ktf at which tbUenlargeeDcri hri^^nv, may be ^^fhlrf rd it ^ 
criterion «f the degree of viinrcib^rty of the cocnporiiion ^ 
vhJch pofni»o«t a ocw ufc cf tM» ihcrijioni:tcr, coablifij: u»iq 
akertain tbc^f«^ */ t-itri/tUiiitj of bojtct ibtt carnoE a£tuall|t 
be viuiiicj b/ any ^ea Mbich our fbiiucci aic cipabk oi pio* 

JohnEUxJt, M.D. 
Tbll Paper, in the form of a lettci to Mr. Kirwan. cootaini 
fbec cipe:iKneri> in ainfirmatJon of a poJltion which the Au- 
thor had advanced in a fofoier puVlK^tioiit ' thii certua de-- 
c«iftpo6cioo« will lake place ir fjiirit uf wine, whccb laUi not at 

Sfe Rer^ voL Uaii, p> 150* 

o ? 


1^0 FhikfiphkalTranfanmSt Parti I. mid W, fir 1786. 

all in water, nor in Che dry way.* Tbe panicular dccompo-- 
fition here treated oF, is ihdC oF diachylum plaftcr (a compoun<l 
uF litharge and o\\) with f^a-falr, by boiling ihem in fpirit of 
wine : the acid of the f^a f»lt unites witb the litbvrgt, and itf 
alcali with rhe oil, the two lauer Forming together a true foapv 
which dilToIves in the fpirit, and may be obtairtcd in ita proper 
form by evaporation. As no reparation takei plate in water, it 
follows, thai the apparent affinities depend, not foTcly upon tho 
actrai^tons of the ingredients to one another, but in pare upon 
their attractions to Che liquid employed aa an [nccrmrdium. In 
fpirit oFturpentine, the affinities were ftiti further divcffified ^ 
the diachylum diflblved, and the common falc lemaincd at t^ 
Nivj Experiments upon Heat* By Colonel Sir Benjamin 
Thompfon, Knt. F,R.S 
From the flriking analogy between the elcflnc fluid and heat^ 
in rcfped to their condu£lor9 &nd non-condti^ors (bodiea wbich 
are good condu^ors of the one being generally Fo oF the other 
alfo], it was natural to imag>ne thiC the Torucellian vacuum, 
which iffords fo rc^dy a paJTage to the eledric fluid *, would doi 
the fame to heat. But a (cnet of curious, and admirably well* 
contiived experiments, detailed in thia Paper^ prove, without 
leaving a Jhadaw of doubt, that the vacuum conduds heat far 
more flugt^ilbly tban air;— thii, neverihelefs, air of dLfPercnt 

PhthftfhlKotTra.'tfa^itHit Parh I, asiU, fir 1786- 191 

io dangcfoui I ard whf At evrning lir i> To prrnicioui in fum* 
mer >nd aatumn, iDd not lb in Iht hard frc^fl) of wintrr, Ph^- 
ficiins biTC been pvxxlcd to accouni fikr ific ^fornikin of 
ibe txiuofdjtitrr qiuntiEf of htit fup^of^d to b« ctrrtcd off 
from iniittd ^di^i by the aM lir m wmur, ibovc wh«E thcy_^ 
COiDnuntrRFc to the wuoif r atmofph^re an riLinmcr; but u it more 
thin ^obi^k, ih*t the diircr<iu:c in {he qu^niiticv of hrii fo 
loft or cotQisBukiTed, ii infinitely \eO thtn ihfy htve imftgined. 

The AattiOf tX4miata alfo (hr eonduAm}; povtcr of oKrcur^, 
ai>d finds it to be grcucr ih^n ihii of wjtt't in ihe piepn'tiuii 
t$ about 100 to 31. Htnce jt it pl;iin vhy cnr^fury appe>r« fo 
Biuch hotter or coldcf lu iIjc luu^h cKan wiur dfxt, thou£»h 
mlly of th« fame temp«rjiurc ; for the Imtnfuy of ihofe finu* 
tHMia doc) noi depend entirely jpoo the ^rtt of heat in iht body 
exntiag thfcn, b\A on ihe ^uofaifj of Detc »hlch Ji can com- 
municate to or from m ifl « given flior: fciiod, or Ibc intcofity 
of tbe codunumcairuri. 

Sir Brnjimm propofti cortinujn^ bii cxpctlm^nTi on hutj 
*nd cAperiiiiei]» fo jccuritf]^ and JL^fHiioally eonffu^rd^ on fo 
intertftjnjt and obfcun a lubj«0^ C4nnoi fiil 10 afibrd ioipwunC 

/fMrjv, nnJfin I Bay, rihiini U ftuTAnt JtlUtK'th Bj Hcnr/ 

Cavcndifh, Lfq^ F. K.S. lad A. S, 

TbcEC apeiitftcnu were cn«if« at Mr* Cavendlfl)'^ dcfTtCt 
Vith (Mtrfiili piovjdrd ind idjuflfd by him^ in ortifi to ifrrr* 
litH Ibote par<iGuUn in bii rcmiirlci fubjoinrd to Mr. H j'cnmt'a 
Paper ia the 7^1] vuluuic of iJic TiaalaclLom* A» tK4t » ^cnc-, 
rated * in tbc congeUtion of fla^di, and coU in trve liqucfi^dtQa 
of felidi 1 and a» (be cold produced by itkjam|[ (i^aw wiih fpJric 
of nitie 11 fuppo^cd to be owing merely 10 thr Jiqurfiflioii oj \fte' 
foov, it fbo«!d f^^llovf, that there may be a drgifC of col J, ki 
vrbtch the niiioui fpifiti fo far from difT^iving fnow, will fuftcc 
part uf id own w«ier to freeze ; and ir that cafe no additionil 
cold (houU be prodijced by the miicute af (now with it. A« 
tifoog fplfit ol oiue Kcncraied heal wuh walvr^ it doe« (he famo 
with tbc water that U iMOkcd on ihe B-l\ a^diiton of fnow to it, 
and no cold it penduce<J lill the fncw amount) to ab<iiit one 
fouKk of tltc wcigFit of llieacj . it fhould Mluw, that i[ the acid 
b«dJuied B< firfl taitb o^e tLHjtth of Wi'xi, no b^ai wilt be ge- 

* Mr. Cattnditk ad«p[< ^' tJjae Ne»tcu^i iCta^ tn^r heat u [»t 
■ diftmA body» but a f»*iiij, pioduced b) tti« inttitiac *itn>n ot Iba 
pAici of bodki. £>o f'f ai relaLti lo iht eKpiic.iiron of ihcfc e^frtri- 
m«BU. ihp ibeory ifFrfli onJy (be «r/f >if tAjicHiL^u; iiiEl^ad of faf-^ 
iv; ihat heat ii ^tmtrM4J, \l u atsw moie cuilotairy to fiy tbi< U it 

lOJ Phihfiphhall'rfinfa^hjii^ Parli V^inJlLfir 1786. 

jicraicti, and the colJ will of courfr be greater. The experl- 
mcncs are pcrfc^ly fatisfa^orj, and arceruia Ibmc other iniercft^ 
\ng particulars, in a region of fcicncc which philofophen hftvo 
bur fc;^ opportunities of exploring. 

It appears Trom chcfe cxperlmcnta, that the nitroua acid it 
not only fufceptlble of an apteffus cortgchtiont or freezing of the 
watery part, but of ay^^/Wrawjj or ficezing of the acid ilfelf :-« 
That when cooled to the point of aqueous congehtion, k hu no 
tendency to diffulve fnow, and ibereby produce cold, but on 
the contrary, is difpofed to part with its own water : — That the 
renJericy to dilTolve fnow, and produce cold, is by no meant 
dL-ftroyed by its being cooled to the point of fpirituous congela- 
tion, or even at^ually congealed l — That both the (trong and 
diluted acids bear, like water, to be cooled very much below 
ihi^ir freezing pjint before the congelation begins, and rife up to 
their freezing points as foon as it does begin : — That, contrary 
to w^ter, ihey fhrink tn freezing, very much, the fur face be- 
coming depreAcd, and full of cracks, and the ice finking freejy 
in the unfrozen f^jid : — And that their freezing point varies ac- 
cording to a very unexpected law, the acid of a certain degne 
nf ftrength freezing much eafier than ihat which is eUher 
flronger or weaker. The lowefl heat in which any nitrous fpfrit 
vr^s found to freeze, was i^ below o of Fahrenheit : the firength 
of this fpirit was 411, that is, looo parti of it wouJd diflblve 


Pbit^fiiiid Trcnfg^mtt Psrii L tatdlUjsr 1766. i^j 

Ahfire^ •/ tf R^gijltr of tiH B^tmnrr^ T^rjxfmittr^ and JUJ^t 
et L^van iit ICKtlatii* in 1 ;35. By Tho. Barker, £r<f, &g- 
Thc iicpfh of urn ai Lyodon vns about IQj iocbci 1 1? SouU% 
IfABtbcili il w» only 191* it Fy£i[il 24^, ini «l Sdbouin 31;. 
Frooi (bff>c obiWvsticDi lutjoinrd to ihia rrgrfler it >pp«rt, Ib^it 
iht atiDiul ^uintiiy o^ raiD u TCrf vi/ublc ia Uic Use pUcc j^ 
^iKrvnt periods. At LyntJont itom 1741^ to ^7^'S ^ttc^aCtMr^ 
the mr*a dc^h wai only 16 iachea in 1 yc4r, aiiii yit oo c«sw 
pitint WIS iFudc of diy fiiiafncit id aj^y of iho£c yci:& ; iIm 
jimmeT* wtT« fbo«*cif, but the vrLaterc dry, Fiom 1741 (^ 
)7jC, ihc DioQ (kpUi Wis i?J inchcn 'roia ipji tu 1760 
«; .— i;^i to ijTCj i^ii— '770 to 1780, a6. la thitaci 
tbe yort of (bis uft p<iiod, i77jt 4) »d 5, the ouas^natMl 
depth WIS 31 (fMibrs; ami i a one of theofi, iroci OClot<r ijjj 
loScpKiTTbcr 17741 the Jcpihwas 39;. JtU plain frcm ibcfc ob« 
ffTDiTJanir how hulc^cpcnilmcc ci[i t« had upon iovrffj/ t^uin* 
iiii«« tikcxi oe ptritt^s of fnuli extern. 

Msif^tkel Ex^ti-titMii attd Ol/ir-yvum. By Mr, Tiberius Ci* 
*^IIo, F. R.S. (Thv Uaurc foaodcd by Lhc hte Hcory 
B.«r. Efq. F. R, S.) 

Tbeic cJcp<^fi(DCnl> r«Ute chkily to ihe cnignetic propertf 
vUcb lui Uuly bcc«obr«rvcd in fooic kinJj of bn/i. Tho 

Cnl fcfult of thon itj Thw cioft hraft bcfomri cnagrnic b^. 
acrinf : TbiC the m^gociifcn is dcftn>>'td by ftnAC»liii£« 
or taittTiiit^ in the li^r, ixftortcl t^iia by hin^m«i;ig. inl 
thtt* sltcrndtslyi >« ofctn u the hitmnicring ind inrwaliA^ 
tun been it|jCJitod: Tlut ihc ina^nciifm it 001 OMfing «i 
Viy pjiliclu ot iron communicated by the tooJi^ lor ii ii pro- 
ducible by bcitirg; the bfAfi between piccca of flini Od coppert 
and fhM ihe <Jenrtfilion of the msenriifin ii noc owj.11^ to th«| 
ei1citt«iioii ot iny iron piiticlci« for it tak<J pJ«ce though tb^ 
bnft be furrounird with chaicoil puwder in « cloic Cfiicr^e, 
Mf. Civsllo IB th«TeT~ofe of opinion, tbsi ibc Bugsxtifas 4C4Uire4 
by htȣi Ii not owln^ to s^y iiuo ia it, but lo Ibme pankulir 
COcfiguriLion of it* comp<»n<cc p>itf, occ«fion«d by the bam? 
cn»iik£* IIkic aic Jad^cd pieces of bufs wbkh bjirc vUjl>!a 
putictct of iron >n tbem, but ihcie sie cn^necic in their fofi j$ 
well ss liird fl4(e i snd there uc otbcn. which C4tinoc, by mjc 
known iDtics, be rendered irsgncLlc at sTl. 

A pcopofitton fo linr.ulir ii^ tcnpo-'Unl* u the ejtjfterfce of 
mfg^ctliiD, or the povrci cf A;tr^;ca to the ma^ntf, i^drp^nd^ 
ml of iroo, U ceiUiaty rot to be idmiiud vritbo«ti riga-iwt | 
rwoin»:ion. The Autljor hintfclft at & Poilfcripi tu ihe LrctutV| 
flifU sn objcdko, and girei fome e^pef jmenii to ob^idto it« 
The brifs may owe ilsiiu^nciifLaio *n uc-ny oynict in 1:1^1 jtetj, 
^ fhfi ittn in>]P bf Ds^nciic, q: net sisjeciir, accoftiin^ a« l| 

194 Fhihfophieel Tmrtjh^hns, Parti h nndlhfttr 1786. 

U in 3 metallic or caLcintd Aaie: by hamincriiig, Tome phlo- 
^ifton may be ir^nsferrrd from ihe brafa to the iron; and in the 
fire, it may be abforbed again from the iron by the brifi. To 
afcenain (h^s point, he intfoduccil fome calx of iron into minate 
cavitirs in pieces of naturally unmagneiic brafit and found — that 
hammering did not produce magncttfm In thia cafe, but that fire 
did; the reverfe of what happens Co the magnetic hrafa. He 
therefore thinks it demon lira ted, as far aa the lubjef) will admit 
of demonftration, that the magnecifoi acquired by brafs ift not 
owing to iron contained in it. 

It muH be obfetved, hoffevcr, that the obje^ion fuppofea the 
iron CO be difFufed through the brafs, in a ftate of intimate, or 
chemicat union; whereas, in the experiments, the iron was 
diltin^t, having no degree of union with the brafs j circumffaneea 
obvioufly very difFcreni, This infu£ciency of the above cxpe* 
riments frems to have been pointed out to the Author by Dr. 
Biagden \ for the Pullfcript is followed by a Icttcf to that gentle- 
man, giving an account of an experiment made plainly tn con- 
fequcnct of fuch a remark. A very fmall portion of iron was 
uniud by fufmn with unmagnetk brafs, which thereby became 
vtrv weakly mappeiic, every part of its fuiface juft fenfibly ac- 
traftifig one end of the needle ; and this weak degree of mag- 
netifm was neither incie^fcd by hammering, nor annihilated by 

PhikfifhifalTroitfiSinSt Paft$X, ^dU.fir 17M, 195 



A TUJt AL Hl<TO» V, 

/<0«/«/ ^j^n^, 8/ Sf WiliJim HiAilron, K, ti. K K. S. 

ihc mtiijr cuiioui pinickjlin conuiDcd ici hii pjpr' vtill 
ftOT idfflll of in ibl^rid The Amber tvbfervc*, ajvift tff wMr, 
ibai ihc norr opportunjtiea he h^s nf cxjmming this volc^fijc 
coantrf, ikc moff K^ ii convjocrd, thit Tr>Lrjinn«i Aiculd be 

new difcofefifs faivc btrn mjide of Utr p2^t\tti\ar\f m the Saoth 
Sei*t of ifltndt, which owe their birih lo voJcirtLC dplofiom t 
uid facnr, «bvrc rtxr vnlc^nir fire flill rtprmcf. h ii ptohihlr^ 
ttut on furtHrr cxtminat^ofi, mcft ol ihc rlcvued »Jindt 
sC « cu«ili4cr4bk diJ^anCG from cutiliticrilt wv>uN be found CO 
bjve a vofcii^ie dngm ; ai the law ai;d H«t iflindf appeir, in 
g«Dctal, to bire bc^o formed of the fpoib of m^inc pri>Jii£tionf. 
— Vrfiiviu«^ the Sol far err*, «nd th^ high voWnic ground on 
wbich gn^t pact of Naplci it buift, wtrc orce probably ilUndia 
a,->d the Authrr rontrivri l^c ifland* of Proriu» IffhU, V«ntt>* 
lr^n<i Ptimijolf, Po'^i:b, af>{] Ztnn'>r>r, to be the outline of a 
neur puttiuu ol lind, intended ay mturr 10 be added 10 ihc 
Dcigbbouriftg coDiincnt; ike Lipari inMndf* ill of vtii<h are 
TolctOiCt ace looked upon tn the r^me Itghi with rtfpc^ to a fix* 
lure addjilon of lectiiofy to ihe ^Und ol Sicily^ 

Tbil paper u acccttip^Died wirh ihKC plufe^; one, i plan of 
tbe iHand of Poirci i the other two, viewi of rocki of lava ia<| 
bafatxa upon the iHand, 

efKmt, In 3 Lv Iter Irooi the Rei^. Joh>^ Lvon, M- A. to 
Edward Klc»g, Kfq. Wtth RcniTk* \y Mr King. 
lo No- 349 of the /'ii/ Tr^aif^ (lor the yt^r 1716) then 
II an accouou by the Revi Mt. Sackctie^ of an uncvo^oioii fmt- 
JAg of the earth in the Ujiie rkctghbourhoodr ivhtcb i« ibereitEri- 
biKtiJ to the hiU» o' clilTip which conlin of great 'at^jrcd laoJ- 
Aoari, ftiodiAg 00 a wt< botiotrk i>f fl^p;trry rby, bavm^ flt<fdeii 
fOTWirdd* t?>wirdi ibe Tea, ai a lliip ^5 hunched vpoo ralEoweil 
pliok*. The fubfidence deferibcd in ihe |irefVn! P^prr hip* 
pened in Se^ieriitMr lys^^ ard \\ accounted for rcimewhir cif- 
Arrrntly, tiz. fcorn the loucidaiaEi beui^ uoJcfmircd by katcr* 
draiii't wh[<h alxiun^ ^i) the ^orifc miffey bortooi: the |;rDun4 
DOW Tefc-nblea an arch ihai has Unk. down, and which tua irfc 
ilB iwo abvribcnri, a bill and a cliffy fltndingj and thr preffliro 
0/ ibo bi1l| beia^ rnore than a cotgnfrr-balince to ihil ol (be 
ftnklng ground^ upon t^c ^nitim of wrt nutle, \xa\ loieed up* 
■rsfda iiMive rockt, at ihc djrt^nce of a few jardr, »id (quecxcd 
ihc wet niarlc rn mmj pittcfs up with them* The frtiaaiionB of 
t^pjn* in wFiifh thr aJierittnn h44 uken placC| andol tM«iA« 
[accnt counu/j 9te rcpsdcat^ m two ^Uui. 


Iq6 PbHefophkd Tran/irifigmt Parts J, aJT^U- far i^^u 

C^MJefiures relative U f/jt PHrifa^itnt found in Sl^ Ptier*t Met/tt- 
taiii, ntor AdeiJ^rkht, Bv Pctriii Oiiaipcr, M. Il> F. R- li. 
A great number of peiritied bonffl of various ktn^, partktt- 
Ijily Urge jivr- boEica ivuh itinir [cclh, were dlfcovrrcJ in ttit 
mounrtin, abouf the year 1770* They were TuppofeJ by n>fti- 
rililh to be boQca of (bo crocodile. Dr. C^iopcr bii bcft re* 
futrtJ th«it opifitoif, anU Oicw^i, from the great quiuitity oT tin- 
doubEcd ni,irine prodj£ljons fouad aEong wftti thccn, tliit the/ 
bdon^^d nibtr 10 mjiinc cbin rikrcr iDJmalj<^, a^J fiom ■ com* 
parrfon of their itru^lure and cmforrnation with (he t»l bone* 
of cioco\lilc», that they couJii urjt liiive belonircd Lo tbai artimal % 
^tiE, on lh« co«i(rary, tiave the c^cntial char^dtcis of the Ampbl- 
W Nftnicft. The dcfcripTicm^ «rc ilUflr4ttJ biy two pUtci< 
Jeeuiivto/ftinf minufif Briiifi Shelhjfiiher kaI duly skjirvtii^o' tstatlt 
tmnQliad hy Authru By theftcvjohn LightJooi, M.A. F.R.S- 
A rautiliia ioruflriif a helix feifenax > helix fpinuhjk^ and 
turbo htiiiinutt tw.> Und Oidk, ;ind x pitrlU shi»ii^tt^ lound on 
the leaves 0/ the vrjter-Hjg, nife defccibcd, and difTeieni view* 
oJ them efthit>ic«d jii three pUtes. They were all dililuveTei, u 
the Author informi us, ^y Mr, A^nchv, gardfucr to tbc liic 
X>ufbers dowager of Por Juid, and by his J<u;hful (icnci) ifaey 
were driwn. 

After the jecocint of ihcfcfhellt, Mr. Li^htfooc tJkei aodccof 
«n erfor which ha; been almoU uiiivcr(4lly adopted by thecoUc£t<- 

tn nany frd^cd* from the d«&r'>c ooev hicherio deferibed < afKNit 
7 vK^c* loA^t ?t ^">*^t ^'^^ * lo^g P^^c^Mi^ irtoulh I tin 
W-k diHc brtwn, ihc belly liM*c>rccp, iSc bJr) fejtow, iW Ant 
■Ad Uil of • C«ndT iiTern i the body wKfC^trftii witb red, emo^ 

•Lftf cone um the tur>di of iho^ who ni^ bate opporEuniUct 

«f «i«kiB{ furtbcr eixjuiricf, 

Pm fk MJm'i ritmivt u tht Nature m4 C^tmt ^ iht l^m^ vf 

Sthh 4m/rua- By R.cbud M^CaicllaDdt Svrgcon w cba 

Kfi>s**i ^ cij^hih Rc^KMni of Kooe, 

TIh Jadiftfli of AtnrricB have been Taid to diilVr ftom «hcr 
m>Wi of tbc humin Ipecacs* iti the W4fii o( a bean} ^ ari^ n xtt« 
Ef^ulsiMiK are fovaJ to be furnilhed with cbM afu^ ehftrBttcr- 
iflic of the fcx, thcjr arc fii;>polcd lo have b^d m oilgfii difor* 
eiK fro(D that of the o'brr mttw* of America. Infcrencet hirv 
hcfwv been drawn, refpeding oik only ihc or £ji>, b^jt tbt con* 
famniiaei, of Indbnaf »nd phifo^bcra are o4i1ie«^ to Mr. 
MK^»lbi»4 for «n3*«i(n(»5 i^rfn -.n trgwd to the lo^Uff of 
fad, Me li» p«niJuc«d dcolive evidrncc^ ihac ih« Intfiini do 
noi dtSer 'rovi the reil of men ^n lhi« pjrrkiiUf more ibin one 
Eur Dpcdn duct from a^iothcr ^ thdt ibey pliicLotit ihcbainon 
riicir firfi appeirance^ and ccoiiiMie the Tattc pt^tce wbcn *ny 
ippcar ftftcnfArds, haetog aa iMtrmittni on potpofe I<k ihai afe | 
and t^lt minf of tbem bIIow tufia of hair to f^row 9n pwticvUr 
|artt of ihe faoo, reiraiUin^ tbofe wt k« in dlf-rcnt Biiionf of 
the old «ot)J. A fcur p^nvcul'tri irt febjorrj^d fef^nf^og ihc 
Sift Naiiooi i tbcif diviJion ta<o ifibei, the fucffdiuri ro the iJi^ 
nit/ of S2Clicai,>iid the mftiiuiion of priirsic /r»jrtf/6i^j/ when 
Ally one 10 killed, it >• ibc duty of fxwy rutvivint/rwatf lo re- 
pUe« him tu tbc famUy, eiuier by a fcalp. ■ prifoneri or a belt 
of Tome thouf*nd« «f wampum, 

Mn»£a^'Arir; » thi tt^lar Speitr^ sf U^t aaad Ctkarh By 
Robert Waring barwio, M. D. 

Wben any bncht object (laa t>een toojc and atlentmly looked 
■It an image, or refemblince of that obkd, fieoio^Ai fbme limt 
vtfibk efur the eyt>u« turned aie*y or fout. Tbia appcarioe* 
in the eye Dr. Daewio calU Che octilar fpedlrstn of itat ob^ed. 
Tbefe^Hi?r« tbe Oodtor dividtfi into four djHin£t fctndi : itf^ 
Such la aic OH^cig lo > Jc^i fErttfibihiy of a defined pan of the 
vetuu, which he ttimtjf^ffra/nm d4^m pfpn^Utity^ aOly,Such 
ai aic owiag 10 a greater fc(ilLt>-IJEy <^f a dtitoc^I ()di{ ol the rc^ 
tina, or J^s^ra /r4m txnjt 9f ji'/liiiitj. jdlv, Sacfi a^ refconblc 
thcif object to ccJour ai wtil at form, or Jjr^ 'J /fitHea i and 
4tbly, 2i(icti aa are ol A coluur cooinry to tb« of thfiir olijt^, 
Of rtVfrJe f^^rnt 

Vttmt coolaJcfing the 6fll chft our Ai>ihoi concluJet, thtt. 
* abe fCtina ia not fo eaiily esccittd loio a^.nn h^ UU iM\ii.u^Ti 

1^8 Wilkins'f Tranjlatiffti 0/ thi B^gvat GhtM. 

the human body obfcrvcs the fame hw ; and wc know not tny 
mrmbranc, vthofc furfjcc ift fenfiblc, ihit »fi be irri»ted ^ 4 
Icfs a&ion immediately ifler h^ing fuffered a greater. Thfl 
conclutioD dravrn ffom the fccoad c1af« ii the reverfe of the fore- 
going, namelj^t ' that Che retina b mere e^Glr excited into ac- 
tion by greater irritation after hiving been litdy fub|e&d to ft 
lefs,' The dired fptiira prove, in Dr. D/i opinion, that % 
* quafitity of ftimulu»,foinewhatjrcater than natural, excite* the 
retina into fpafmo<tic aflion.' The ^tb clafs inducer our Au- 
thor to conclud^t that ' the retina, after hiving been excited in- 
to a^ion by a Aimulus foniewhat greater than the kft, falia jnt* 
oppofice rpafmodic adion.* 

Such are the general inferences that the Doi^or draws from 
the experiments here recorded t but the experlmenia themfclve«^ 
which art really cutioua, Cannot be abfrdged without exceeding 
our bounds* We therefore refer our readf rs lo the Tranfadiooi 
at large. The reader will, however, find focne inconvenience 
from the plates being uncoloutcd ; for which reafon we would 
advifc him (o make coloured drawings of each figure on feparate 
papers, which will enable him to repeat thefe pieafing expert- 
men rs with greater accuracy. 

We have always fuppofed that, during vifion, the eye, cfpe- 
cially the renna, was in a piflivc fta[c ; but from thcfe experi- 

Wilkixti*! Tft^tiJUrUv tfjU Btag^M Gm4* 


^raipijoo* we liften witS pecaliv p^fure : y«i berr, wbtrt VG 
010ft wiA for info<aiiiiont we «fc ncA fikdy to mtci wiih 
rrror. We Iifl«n not long before we itr dtfguflrd bjr obrcu-e 
ii»d c%ntnJi34r|- »cr^uoi9i aaJ^ dcfp^iim^ to exirafi trutb 
TroQi fuch 1 a\\h of difrofdiot (i£hoo, too ftr^MoVj Ihan c/e- 
diility by 1 fulka icquiefctoce in ignofAfice- Thi« «rc naifilj 
con^cfi ifj birr bccii otii own cjiic, when we (irft ronnpirH the 
irprvfmutLcni of fbofe «ho have WEiiirn on the reJigroa «nd 
mythology of ihe HtnJoot. loilctd, a kind of fitntiry hu it- 
vendc^ almoil every iEteni;>t rn jl!uftr>te the hiOory, or txpliin 
ibc crtcdf of cht» cxrrioriLoary people i ihc scvouou which 
bive been gi'eo of chem by mritffrn irjfpllCTt being po kU in- 
eonfiRcnt witb ttch ot^tr tban wVii<i htt been iririnuflj rcUtx4 
of ihcir aneeAor« hy the Gr^rk ind Ratndn biAnrpJint. If Djo- 
florst, Scribo, and ArrUn,<— it Pliny, Cleo»ii« AlcXAndrinm, 
anil Piuttrcb, fpr^k ofchcaocieoc B'aNmam in lermiof unrrr- 
taJaty and co«tradid»oo,— -ftmiJiir, if otH «^Qil, inenA6A<ac<i 
cbfcurc cbe wridng5 of ^o^^r and of PhiJipi, of Bcrnter ind 
Baldwut, of Holwcll and of D>^- We ntin not to aecofc 
Ibclc wriccu 0/ ciretcfi or wilt'ul miOepreftniilion, Tbc pecu* 
liardiAculfy 0^ the undcriiking U a fuffideof »po1ogy for tbrie 
future. Wbcfc fo mary irvieiLct of opinion ftbounikJ, xht ufft 
of difctlokFoaiioo wotild have been Jifficult, evenif tfieb hSt haJ 
iyflc8i«t>BetJ in icnct»t Ui4 fuboaitied ihrm to ^uxicg to the 
tnfpeftion ot the cm|ukrri, Fveri wich ihn jdvanti^e ib^y ncft 
hive ei>eoontercd ;naun>eribTeobfticlvt. I'hr7 muA hivceof?- 
lendcd al once wJEb the oh (cut f uf 1 fotc>pa *in^uage» with 
iIm wild enutiTrtnCo of tmagieuriOD fa ror^rpieuoui in e^fttfii 
compo£tioof, with a profufi'^n of aJlc^ri<» the oioQ lhcefiij(nf% 
ird mt<»phor« the moJl ^jricg, wtich rnvelopo rbe fubUc- 
tic> of cneup^yCici io tenfold d«rkntf?.^RuT Ml mote ardvout 
ban bftm Itv vnderukrpg cf Thofe travrtfrrf, from whom Iho 
lill)e that it rveo'deiJ of ihe fn-Jitn Icarni0£ ai>d theology bat 
been cottccteif. I1 U Crtdocs ibc^ bire beeriable 10 procure s 
fij^fit cf tbo Hnd^o bocki, snJ CttTI le'i frrqvenily h«vc ibey 
been able lo itad fbcoi «^ui procurc-i^ ;h:tu-j'F, wtibuut xo 4C- 
tt«>] petufal of Ifafn^, ru!~'-('^~<:rr;iin cjd be Jfarnt of (heir eon- 
Unu. The priclli, i^ ^Iviz care they aic cntruficd, bavc 
biibtrio {juirdfd ilieoi, witn the molt obftrniie feAloufy, from 
ibr eyes of ilriogerf : ird the laity^ who sr; i^nMantof cbc 
TincvB^^t are eoa^c^-jro'lv untble lo rrphtn fbrm. W« are 
bippTii h';**e»frj to bfl^, fjor the publicBt'cri cf M?. H*'^fd 
arrd Mj. HMscinj, ^ht: tntfc pH-e^udicc! ' iir ir* fomc tJi^rrc be- 
gan tv ^-e wjji kitd, 'm the honoitf tf r.ui c-umr^, a) utctl 
■ k for tac honour of bjmi<iirT, wc hrjM^'v v>'\(t\ ihir. by tbc 
-fuflKe lAd ifbtft'iiy f' tit fNiforeroedjiit, ^-ir ,^vcnic-^nc tn 
[xtJia m^r ''y a foundfrioO fcr rhe fvll and urli-ntted Ctfn^dettct: 

Wilkljis'j Trcnjintion of the Bha^al 6rtra> 

inJced, till ill ihc facrcd books of ihc Hiadoos are tnafUlfil 
from aij(h«niic copies ini3 the weflcrn langua^i, the fubjc€t 
Diufi ftill fcmain involved In error atid conir^di^ioti : for till 
Thro wc can ndEher diflingulfb the ancient Cuhmanicil doc- 
trines iiifiOi others which arc of a later daic» nor judge of the 
opinions of the differrnc fcfls by referring ihcm lo one coftimon 
fendard. Nor «rc Tticli iriiillatJonK to be wifbvd for onl^ by 
thr inquifitivc philufopher. The genius anJ habits of a people, 
yj'xih whom Europe \a fo clofely connected by cpcnmerciaj iic&, 
inlghl be contemplated b^ the l!ierdiant and iht potiiicun with 
equal picafjreand advAnt;»ge; and rn our own country, whtrc 
thc(c cbaradcri arc (q clofcly cnnnci^cd by ibc tcrniorta) acqui- 
fiiJoAs of the India Company, an acquiincance wlih Indian lite- 
faiurc in grneraJ migKt ha^rc the mod beneficial cScSs. It mif he 
even tend to redeem the national chir^^er, by teaching Englifh^ 
men to coitfider the natives of India tt Men, as Beings endued 
by Heaven wtih the fame factjlticf, the fjme ulcnts, antl (he 
fume feelings with theoifelves^ and confequenily entitled to the 
fame ju[ticc: and the f^me cauipiifiun. 

In faying chiE, we mean not to inrruJc our ff^numenti on t)>e 
fubjc^t of fndian politics. We pretend not to dactmine on the 
foundnefi or the equity of that policy^ by vbieb commerce n 
arrayed in all the horrora of witr» by which the [rndcr ia fulFered 
M BiTume the truncheon of ihr genera!, and the difpnte* of ibe 

^ro^^ety for opinion mJ a£ti«o m our own mo^i aflifc, »]4 
»^ii)Jiy 4lf ii^pciU lo out rcrf^kd ifofit of rciteio^ and mnrU 
July. He wonlil txicl frum cicry rc*dcr ikc «Maw«jicc i>rol>- 
firvriry, abAird-vr, barbiroat h^bm, iti^ a ptrvrncj mo-'tltif, 
Wiih ibvK (kdud^>n« he h'Hurci niM lo piooooocc <bc Gr«li 
a pcffiwnnuii^r at i;(r«i wigmititf ; of a fublijrity of to»rf;>iicnf 
MfAtfiin^, and d»fli<'t>, ^moil sixquilUd t and * Gngltf inlbocc, 
a<nong til ibc knowii teii^iiiiis i^f n>*i]kii»dt oi ■ tUnlj^y 
•cctiraidy rorr^rpondrng wfih tbii of the ChMfli^n iHiptttiMMti^ 
•ad |h>ijr<ifu|]r IILllrM'iii i'* fund«iiic7)til tloJtiJpcf. 

If will 00(1 hp/4ir, he AyVf in try in relative worth by g coai* 
panfoa with th« icxr of tbe iirft lUfiifafds of Europcin C90t^< 
lioci ; but !ci xkt(t be uken m ihe mi^ll rllrrnud of their profe 
tf^nd^tJOEii, and in that r^oal Ic4le Ut thc^r cncitt be weighed. 
On this £(Oif(i«J he WCfuld ntif fcjr to p'u<x in oppofiiK>n ikj ihc 
beA French vcrfiont of tfce Ilud or OJffley, or of the |(^ 4»d 
6tb BooJu oi our ova Mtlion* tbc EngliJh vcrGon of the M^a- 

We biTK fe»r«W the rrrordi of criticiffn for iwecedeotf. birt 

cao find oom ttui rjn wanaai 4 eotrp'i^rct with the requili* 

tioft>ol Mr. H. The caflotnt of oui eo«n are divcAIro^fi'^ritc 

ubU propoCiU^ nar do vre even wilh la xecoEle^ t cik which 

VosldjuHity ui »n cnn'frtmg nfmiitcd pfiifccn » ttofk,<bo«nd* 

iiw« even hy tbc co>rtfedion of itt wai iTirll idi-ccilrf with mtniv 

M mud palfiaUe ahfurditi**. If any ihn^ eould autHorite fk^cb 

^ ■ COHCcflfon. wc oil^br, indeed* <JirfliU» ih^^c new c^fiont v( 

Kcrbiciim, without fi^ther obfi^ri'ttiori, Ac ^nffiit we woold 

Hfohsit it lo ibc canJour of Mr. H- whether ihfrc be iioi foA« 

H^rgre* ot incnpfiDrrcyt wc wdl aoj f^r "f abfurdif), in hit re- 

" Duiki. Wfien he le^'^rrco g» ftf jxJm^ fVfj tti'^ dfa'.vnfrtmiMt 

muriffU tr riMfr* /Jitrftirt4 •/ EnTtpr^ womJd ke imply, tn«i ihey 

■ «rc cio< whAi oiheri h«ve fuppoleti if»er» lo be» the refute of gvod 
ieutc Mffd ejipcricjacc / If ibta is>p1kAiion be net iitcend<d, it li 
fititjy ■ ba4 compl»m«n< eo the Geeia, to deprecue the eaaisU 
luiitw ofic before tbc iribuna]orre>roo. B«t Mr. Haftiaja telb 
m, ibH theOecfa i* »^'/i>rm^atta/^4nifimg ftiiSiiJtit^afa^a^ 

• fipM, r^fiitit^g, ^nJ iH/titfi, Why thta dvta Sc f»Je^ lu ejriwllly 
fittr l^e kJlLiwartce of cbrcufiiy tr.d abfmdfty ^ OL:L^(riuA^I i»* 
ftanccd ^i bo*h b*** ever been eiiCKfed, e»eo iccordrng lo th« 
iir\Qt& iu\ct of RuKfCUi criticirin, Mf. H. iBuft (fbeTcfuio 
frppofc Ihnn lo bt <ft<jre iJiin orra6i>o«1, when he wou.d ev^d 
B particular u)dii){mcc in their fivour, Brfidet it the GetU 
btf rally, at he informi tti, o V^^ '>/^tf"e txiMJvf «// tht 

h f^^i-hrt/^t^ A-ffiJarifK^ why MC We forbidden w <iniip#fe 
Kin iur revi^lfa tr^tt e/ niigit/*? If It io fgw^rf^tf tP^nj^r^U 
ftrtdimf-teU <kx'l'init pfChlHanilj^ Whu ciecd 1* there <*f 


Wilfcins'j frartjJation of the Bba^at Gntt^ 

CftncHKons in favour nf liarbarota hehhs and frrvtntd martjihyfi 
Wc wit] not do Mr. \i. the injuilicc lo Tuppofe, ihii he fcm 
OLifly m^anit lo draw z pjralkl between ttic Gceuand the f^crcd 
Ktords of Chctflian faiih. The futitilf, « wril as the impiety^ 
o£ fuch a pur^ll^l will, wc iruff, 1>C fufficientty evinced by lit 
Kn^TyitB which ve wtm fo give of ihe woric, und by the lemirks 

which 11 will he our duiv t(> ^»l<^ <'<^ '^ ^^ <^^ ^^^^"^ wblc, 
we brg Iravr fo c:ip]am ihc piinctiika on which out judgment 
will be farTcJi 

In ddiver'rng our opiniaii of oricniil totnpoliti on 5, wc h%Vt 
tvct though! it ntctiUry to djUinguifli the m«il of the wri«r 
from thai of h!a work. The foiitci will ajw^ys <Icpend on cir- 
cumihn«B, on the ftaW of kirning md civilii*iion in the age 
■nd country in which he wrote, itid on the peculiar advantages 
of rducatmn which he himftlf cnjayed. The fdircft flowexH of 
geiiius have loo often been cninpcd by national ignorance and 
abfurd prejudices, hj har&aroui habits ^nJ perverUd moraiiiy. In 
thii cafe, we have cnly to admire thofe tim% which, had they 
fjccn the offspring of a oiorc ktndl^ foil, and been cultivated by 
the fottcring band of art^ might have glowed with tenfold luftte, 
and triumphed In unrivalled beauty* Bui the merit of a camptv- 
fition fhotild be eftimaied without any refers ncr lo i\i author, or 
Co thcdJfJicuhicE he eDCouniercd. It is to be tri?d, not ^adeeJ 
hy arbiETaty Tules, which have no fuundation in reafoifi buc by 
thofe founded in nature and the lelaiion of thineSi ihoCE, to thC 

Wftiofi'j Trar^tjon $f the Bhff^at GntA ?0J 

> ' The KooKKM, which indeed is ibmciimcs uJed ta a term compre- 
Jiendicg the whole family, but mod frequeD[Jy applied as the pacror 
bymlc of the elder brascn alone, ire faid to have oeen one hundreil 
in DDinber, of whom Dooryodua was eltecmed the head and repre- 
feniative even dyring the life of hJA father* who was Incapacitated by 
MindDcri. The (ana of Pandoo were five i Voodhifhteer, Bhecnii 
Aijoon, Nekoolr an'd Sehadeo ; who, through the artifices of Doo- 
ryodan, were banilhed, by their nncle and guardian Dreeiraralhtra, 
from Htllenapoor, tt that time the feat of government of Htndoftaa. 
. ' The exiles, afier a feries of adventures, worked up with A won*- 
dcrfal fertility of genius and pomp of langagc into a thoafand fab- 
lime defcripiions, returned with a powerful itriny lo avenge their 
wronga, iDd a^ert their preteafions to the empire in right of their 
Ather; by whom, thoagh the younger brocher, it had been held 
while be lived, on account of the difqualification already mentioned 
bf Preetrarafhtra.' 

At cbis period the epifode opens, fn the form of a dialogue^ 
fuppofed to have paffed between Krcelbna^ an incarnation of 
the DelEy, and his pupil and favourite Arjoon, one of the five 
fon« of Pandoo above mentioned. It is divided into eighteen 
chapters, or, at the Tranflator callsthem, lectures. 

The citlr of the firft is, ' The grief of Arjoon/^Whcn the 
two armies of Kooroos and Pandoos are drawn up ready to ert'* 
ftage, whilft the clangour of innumerable Ihelh it beard on all 
fides, and the weapons of death begin to ily abroad ; Arjoon^ 
who is reprcfenied as fianding with Krcefhna in a fp!endid cha^ 
riot drawn by white horfcs, requcffs that he may be driven into 
the mid fpace in front of the two armies, to take a nearer view 
of the boftile ranks. And here, looking around him on aU fides, 
and beholding relations, and brethren, and friends, prepared for 
mutual deftru£tion> he is feized with extreme horror and com- 
punflion, and at length bis grief burRs forth into the following 
natural and pathetic expoflulations ; 

' Having beheld, O KreeEhna I my kindred ihu? Handing anxJoua - 
for the fightp my members fail me* niy countenance wiihereEh, the 
bair ilandeih on end upon my body, and all my frame iremblcEh whh 
bnrror \ Even Gandeev my bow cfcapeth from my hand, and my 
Jkin is parched and dried up. J am not able (o H^nd i for my un- 
derllanding, zs it were. lurneih round, and I hchold inaufpicioua 
omeni on all ftdes. When J ihall have deflroyed my kindred, fliall 
t longrr look for happineJj? I wifh not for vivlory, Xreelhua; £ 
waD[ not dominion i 1 want QOt pleafure { for what ia dominioUt and 
the enjoyments of life, or even l^fe itfelf, when thofe, for whom do* 
minion, pkafure, and enjoyment were to be <:oveLcJ, have abandon- 
ed life and fortune, and Hand here in the heU ready for the battle ? 
Tutors, Tons and fatheri, grandfire^ and gnndCona, uncles and ne- 
phews, eouHns, kindred, and friends! Ahhough ihey would kill 
me, 1 wifh not to £ghL them ; no not even for the dominion of the 
three regions of the univerfe, much lers for this liiile earth ! Having 
killed the foni of PreetataJhtra, what pkafoie, O Ui^t&i^a. ^ul 

Fa" . 'w* 

304 Wilkins^f fratj/Iaiifin tf the Bhffgvst Gnta* 

wc enjoy? Shoufd wc dtHroy them, tyrants aa they are, fin would 
take rpfjjge with us. It thfrrfoTC bchovcth as not to kill fuch aar 
rrl^iions as ihcfe. How, O Kreefhna, can wc be hippy hemfVer, 
whun we have been the morderera of our race t What ir tbey* whofe 
mindi are depraved by jhe loll of power, fee tio fin in the extirpition 
of ihdr race, no crime m the murder of (heir fnend^j Uthat a reafbn 
why we fhould not refolve to tnrn away from fnch a crime, we who 
abhor ihc fin of extirpaiing ihe kindrtd of our blood ?— Woc h me ! 
n'hat a great crime arc *c prepared to commit X AUs ! that for the 
lull of ihe enJDym^nrs of dominion we Hand here ready to murder 
the kindred of ojr own bicod L I would rather pa[rentry fuffrr that 
t]if funs of DrecraraHirra, with their weapons in their hatrdi^ fliouk^ 
come upoTi me, and, unoppofed, kif) me unguarded in the leld/ 

' When Arjoon had cealed to fpeak, he fat doivn in r&e chaHot 
bfTwfcn the two armiei ; and having put away hh bow tnd arrowaf 
hh heart wa^ overivliilmed with aftlidlion.' 

Li.^iire II. hit for its title * Of the Nature of ebc Soul ind 
fpeculjtive D<i£trines.'^K:eefhna here rcprovei the weakncffl of 
A'jctin, as defpicable and unmanly. From a view of the nature 
of the fjul, he leaches him to difregard the body, »nd by irgu- 
nieni^ drawn from ils im mortal ily, labours to infplre him with a. 
conEempt of death, and to convince him ihll hia tendcrnefs for 
the \ivpi of other; h miflaken and abfurd : 

* Thou grievefl for thofe who are unworthy to be lamented, whilft 
ihy feniimriit^ a if thole ot the wife mtn. The ^vifc nciiher grieve for 



■ viut 


Wilkin**! Trm/Hitn •/ i*/ Biwgvat Gtft4^ aoj 

f<» the fcal, hiving qniicfJ irs oU mtirtil fra(n»i, rnv«:rrh iaro 
^ribvn which ifc n«w. The ir«apon dtvid^ih <t doi, iW^rc bu/aftK 
it noti (h« waur <cirrvpbc<L) it n[>c, the vrtnd dhfth ii ik>l iiri}- ; fb/ 
i( b iatfrvifibJci intcjafuiTublc, incorrjpiiblf, akJjaioko bcdticd 
Aiar«f ; it u ftcrna!, onrvv^ri], ptrni4ncn[, mmoiraUc; » it iovi- 

lhi.1, (F>:Ta Ot^^Ll i]4^t jtinr. Bue w)ic{bif iliod behr/ei ii of 
ctrrnU tiKh aird iluraiion. or ihal ir ditfth wUb th« bo<iy. Jlill ihou 
balk n-^ cauffi to UmenE it, Ociih U iTr'aif; (q jU thiri^f whKli m 
fubji-f^ (O biEih, And rc^rncraijQn \q t\\ ihkngi which ire En<jrEi1 ± 
whrrcfojv ii dotS n^r bchorf ili«f ro ^ritrve abott? ibx which U itrc* 
viub->. 'Ibf fofcvrr llir< n^ tinnj^t ii tipkiO»n ; tb« BtaddU llitt 

#nd4nt, eiikI ihfir fvrue A»tc u noi io l>f discovered, Wby tben 
MlI tb^Li trcuUf thfCtlf abovi fucb tliidi[> 4* ibcCc ? Somt n* 
^tr^ tbc iaui «i 4 iMjiJtJcr, HbiJtl ToirH; fprdL, and oibcrt bear of Ic 
tvitk Allont^ment ; bur n<^ oni; knoB'Ctli ii, jtihoujb be mxj bara 
Kj!!^ j( drl'': ritfl - Thit fpnii bring never lo bo deitroyH lo th« 
Bortil f'Rmr vbUK ii inhAbiicEb, it ii unworthy iur lh«c to be 
CrogbUi for dl thcfc aortolj/ 

The dodtiae ui tbe mctetnj^ffchcjfit it heie pUiply inculcated. 
—It i« fT»4r*J one of the ie>djn£ dci^jnei cf <he GecU— Hot 
wfacthtr litilia miy jullly chim \Ut bcnonr of having girciib^rth 
to th^t fa/itjUicil oprnion, or wheiHtr ii wji oiigitiAlly jnlio- 
<]«c?d there fr'im Kkrypf, or fr<im fome otScr ountry, are CUcf- 
tiofn wbjch (thfl'igri ihcy iffnrd roo^ for mucb cxiHout ffcculi- 
cioJi) vrpri-fttmc -'ot lo ditcuii. That miny of tb« Egvpiian 
fapcTf}i(io;i» wcic crjufpljiKciJ into Todii by itw pricHt who were 
vspcll^d froci E^rpc *l(«ribe conqurfl of tMt coiinirr b/ Lam- 
bffei, ii reodcrcj highly probaUk liy tbc ar^u;&viiCi of the 
IfArnt^ ICitchcr. The Xndi» idoU kc<or<l in fniny relpc^ 
vith tbo h<er^<[yphic rcprrfcnEitiaei of the Kgriitian dettKi* 
•ltd il hit bern MiJ^ thii fomc trjc«« of Iht* woHhip ut Vfii and 
Oflrti, arc rtill vlfibJo in India. Kjt if we could wi<h ftkiy la- 
duJfc the fjppofiiTon, ib«i the pieccn(i<ini tA ibc Gccti to an 
•niiquiff of aO~o yrart aie «f!L fo^ndedt ic would follow, ihac 
th;k opinion muft hive bccii adi^pteJ by the Huiiiooa lon^ bcfoct 
tb« eimcof Cimb)i«v. Haircrrr thit nay b«tccriaia it it, Ibai 
a belief of Ehc tra»f«]ianticn of fo-jl» nm prevailed hi v«rioi»> 
cou(»irW froOD the owjA frmofc aoiiquiiy. From ih^ E^yprraoi, 
wbofe fcniinentioa tbia fubjcd ajc rvcordrd by * Hcrodoiuv^ 
if pi^J i^tim^U Ibc itiediam of the Pyibignrean philofophy co 
tbe Grevki, amoa|e wbom rt lirCTii to faa^-c bt<o generiUy adopt- 
ed by tbofr vbo bcid the f^^urs pfc-c^tiftcitcc. The wruiii^s of 

r^r*^m ic^mHt Ifcrutoi. lib. i. C. MJ, 

P 5 ?\iiD^ 

PliEo *, vhn, like rrofl of ihc anfitrni ar1vacar« for 4 futirrv 
li«cri infctted the porUvjiif^eiVce or Che foul Iroin ie> prC'txd- 
cncc, a'lxmnd with allufjuJi} to thii dt;i^lrjnc. Indcnil, i[ hii 
bcFii fupiiorpJ by fi>me to have uiCra naturally from the principle! 
of the v\d 4loniiCdV philofophy t <^ntf, accofJini^lj, fuch nf tho 
GrrcJc aiomillf, who y^ftc not ithflf^f, ufualfy mainrim^d 
ihi: f*tTitiiaj^»^wti vf ihc foul i> cbfcly ccnne^fd with lEi t^^s- 

ni^c oaly bv ih? diiiirr^nt f^ffa 4>f the Gfctk phllnfoph^rt, boc 
alfo by ^iffcii^Ri inJivIJuaU of ibc lame frft. Thus Titnjcus 
-LocruE, jodfct^tiil Dihfr Pyib^goreansj rsjeiied tht Dotion of 
fhc foura uanfii J) ^ration mio the botiica of b«itils, rcfotfing k 
ifllo ft wzie nMcgQiiCtX dtCcnpt'iOTi of the brurvlify of vice- 
But the Hifidcos admit the do£trmc of the nKEcirpfycholts io 
lit [iccral cnemiitg and ira l^rgtll e,ttcnt< Thry Lirlicve lh«< tKe 
foul, which hsi been polluted by fici, or (ai\c6 in lu crJcavours 
10 attain ibc DccclTary dcgicc of pc:tfc£3iuii, jh doontcd [o ani- 
niAieothcf bodies, till at fength, by repeited regeneriUcfii, it 
has fliakcn ofF every in^purily, and h become fiE to be re-unilcd 
fo ih# nsiUre of Brabm, ihc univeifil fpirif, from whom tU 
ibult originally proceeded, and into whulie aU-cocnptch<iMlIo£ 
clTencc ihcy wit) be ^c length abforbtJ again. 

[n the IfiitFf pait of this Ii^tuie tCieeJhiu gUnCf s at the ctn* 
troniu prcfcribed jn tbc Vcdi. — He waioa Arjoou agaiifH plicing 


'Siy GonfidcDee in it*c o^rpfTjnce of ihnn— H« ifi^tet hi-n ibat 
they will cniiilt luoi o.nly to ^n lntcno€ iod tusiCxni rcwirdt 
aad nchorta hi'm mher lo kck 4a >ry]um in wifi^iXD. 

Jn ihc porirtit of hh wife man ttw niV a-I^iroft fttDS to be 
tiff moft pfoaiin«fft l^iirf«— '* A trio U fj^d to be cooliraied 
jii wifJonit wh<n he forUlectb every dcfirc vHich entetdb inw 
bU bcAttt lod of hioifelf ii fa<prif and contenrcd ia bl^rHf. Hi« 
ttind ii un^iflufb^J 10 Mlrcifiir* b« ii htppv and coetcaU^ in 
wWpeiityt aiul he U i AtJnzcf to anxiciv> fcir, and ut^r- He 
It in 4ll ibiegt mtbMif aSciOion ; and bi^iDg reccircd |[Qod or 
tvilt neahcr rtjorcccb ac tbc onci nor it CiA tiown b^ the oihcc/ 
Hi« wir^fon U Iheo faid lo b« mo4 i^rcnly cftabLihe^, vhcr» 
nt%i t^i» at^m rotuudta^ ' Jikc Oie lotrc^ifct he ciji dnw in ifl 
bU mfmbert, sod rrftrjim them Ufim thrir wonicJ |»li; ^xslVi .* 

Lt^iire IUp trcati * oJ Workj/— Ktccllin« bcie kcmi to cx- 
ikort Aijoofi lo ihr performuict uf m;fLi oo poliLiCAl i^lhcr tbin 
ouirjj QiDtif»{ fubrr wilO a vkw to tbe infidracf or ht« rx" 
unplc o;i tbc vd^jr, ibiA lo ui/ t<t\ oicric or tiKcACjr ia ItM 

' Tbc BID of low drgrcc ibl!oi«Cth tbr cxtnaptc of \am who i* 
ftboTC biaij And dvcEh thj: wh:(b t^c dociL J itijricir, A;j»r. ^ivv 
out, la ibc tlur« rrgtoni of the unliYrfr, viy thin^ wiucb u ■rtct 

ftiy for ne lo prrfxn:, aor iA^ thing eo obtnin which ii nod obinH'- 

tcd| t»d )ct I fi*«ia ibccxrr<lrecf lVv aorxj dutiu. II 1 ■«» qoc 
vifuaftdx CO Jitietd Cf) ibcfe dutki, dl aca andild f>:«fratl:r folkw 
»f ccm^rle. If ! nme noi <o pefAirm ibe mor*! a^tio:»i, ihii iborM 
>«OD!d All in ihefr durir i V fHntitd be r^r oufc of fpuHoui bitilii, 
and ftoiM dfin th« Mopie froA ihc li^ht way. Ai ibe igoonnc 
pfiiofn ih« dflbnof lil« from tho bopo of rv* vdi fo tho ittl* oua* 
ouiof rcfpcA ioibocptn»n<asd prcJLjJku of Btiftklfid, lho«]d pcc- 
foim the fjoe wiikoui iti^iivci of inierviL He llii^vli nol Crt4tB < 
dm£on Jn the uadfrAaQdingi of ihc ignorant, whf^ ire ind-acd lo 
ojtwsrd ivorbf, Th« )»m«d aio, >>y iadLn^Dufl/ performing ^1 
ibtf datiea of liTe, fysuld Lndiiec the vuJgv to tiiend toihtp.' 

Lcflurc IV, * Of the fufrAiiig (jf Work*/— In the begin- 
iiiog ofihii Lr^ur?, the rJei which the Hind^M entrriairt of the 
fcvtr^ liicitriiio:)? of the D:i£y. and of titc vtriou* rcvcUiicfll 
which tScy helirvc h!niir>bive irodt of himfrlf in dLffncnt ji^ci, 
h c]»r£v aod 4klba£lly lulled, Krc<Cbot illcfti the tnliquiij of 
tbc doSiine which he U now ddtvcring lo Arjoon, ii>d i^yt^ 
ihit in former ttritn he bad cotcntO'Cated it to Eeklhwakoo^ 
aod ocbcrs, tthuQ) he mcnttooa. Arjoon^ ft«gi^Cicd *C the appa- 
teot impofthil-ty of thU, art;*—* Seeing ihy ^irth ii poftnior to 
tbc Jifc of £ckfhwil<M, how &m I to uodeilhad that thou bait 
been fofmrrly thr leirhfT of ihii dodrine V ^mlbni replies, 
' Both [ and Ibou hare pillcd mary birlhs. Mine *r< known 
cnioffkc; but ibou knowcfl not of ihine. Alihoogb [ jdi lUK 
M B>y naufC fybjed to buih or decay, and ftin the lord of all 

P 4 u^ttjA 


rrrjteH b*in?e i yrt, hiving commjind ov(!r my own nifurr^' 1 
am made evident by my rtwn pE»#cr ; and «} ^''tcii ji iheic h a 
decline of virtur, am! an infurfrSifiO of vice and injiiRice in ibe 
world, 1 m4kc mj rdf evident i liid ihue 1 tppmr, from «gc (4> 
age, for the pfeli^rvanun of rhe juJl,th*dcflr(iAion of ihc njiflr^d, 
»m! IhcelUblJftmenl of virme,' — He ll^cn proceeds to cvpUiQ 
wha: 15 meant by ihc: forfiking of wnrk.4. Hr tKhniiS Arjonn 
to * bchUd, ai It were, m^ftEoji in ai£^icn'— t<j ier * every un- 
d*rtiking be free from the idea tA dcfirc'^to be ' ^Iway? coo* 
leiiTi^d and independent^' sind ahhougn he rrt^y he civ^t^rd in a 
vork, ' lo do» ai jr were, noihmg,' He then BlTcrrs ihe fufieri- 
ority of wirdom. ' Know,' fays he, ' rha: the worfliit* of fpk 
ritu?l cvifdnm h far better than che worfhrp vvirh ofl^crtnga of 
things- In uvildom is to b? fuund crvcry work without cxcrp- 
tisn, Seek t^ieo thiK w^fdojn with proflrai»orft, wiih q<irl^<ans,' 
and wiih artcntion, tb.vr ^hoft learned men who fee itj principtr* 
may fn^rki^ (hee in iti rules ; «*hich b:ivirg Itfurnr, ihou fh^lc 
roi agarii, O Too of P^ndco, f^ll ja^o fo'ly ^ by which iboii 
fhjh behold all niEure ia the fprii ; thai i«, tn n>e. Alrhough 
thou wcrE ihc greatest oF all oA^cndere, ihou tbalt be able in 
crnfi ihc gulf of fin with ihc bxrt of wtfdom. As the q^tiiral 
fire, Arjoopt reditceEh the wooJ Co ufhei^ fo ma^r the ^te of 
wifdom rcOLjcc ail moral a£lioD> to aGio,' 

Lrfljre V, treaii * Of Torfakm^ the Fruitsof Worka/— But 


\VilkL»*t Trofffiatim 4/ the Shajvaf CftU* I69 

•mU U t>ic ftflri'ikinf i>f bit p«ffiont, Aould fir, wiih hit fniad 
^14^ 04 one objf£l alone, rii ibc cn^rci^t of hit 4le*mion for i4e 
puriJiciiiAii of bLa fouli k^c^ing hi) fcci^, h<i iK«k, and bod>'^ 
tfr4^f without motion, hi tyn fiind on (h< point of h-i* 
flofe, JoiAine at citi whrf j^lice atound, Tbc peaceful fuvT, rt* 
lrii«d f'i>fn frir, wSn viutd ketp ia riK piih of onr mho fol- 
lowt'b (i^'dt ftiauid rtrtrain ih« miftd^ ind, 6^f^g ■( on mci 
6*ptndmn mrtbrtc. Tbc Vogvc of in humblrd mind, who 
lbu£ enni>i3tlf tatrctfeth bn foul, obti:nfth hip^ickcfa Inco^pt^ 
fral ami fi»pi<nic in mc* Mf. Htdtogs in bt« kttn (p'geltO, 
infof-i«i bi ihat fie wit himtrlf ■ o«n> a wiineft of a mm em- 
pl^yrd to %'nii fpcc<r> of dcrotion at the prirripil (cmp^f of |)j- 
•4iri< Hi) t'g^l hind ind irm wirre fqcLoM t» 1 1noTt- l^irfvr ce 
b«ti vf red cloih, vithiA whrc^ b« paHcJ ilie beidt of hit rorary, 
mr aftrr inrv^tr, ibrou^b bl( Hn^Cfi, repenting wiih tbr in«rti 
of t4ch (aa I wa« isforiMd) rme of ibe na(n«« of <Jod» whiU bia 
vWt*<} UriOitKJ to <4Kh inJ dwell on the I'Jca of iKr cju^iiy 
uhirh a.^):i:rt4inrJ to it, ttnl itrvrd the vialvnre ol ui exeriioii 
10 aiaiiJ ihi* pLtrpotc Ij the coavv/^vc rvtot^nKnEi uf all hia 
fea(<i*rt, hi» ^n bri--^ ac the finie iinie clofcd, <loaM*cla to a(- 

Tfir ^t^ti o^'jrti of PUro*i pbUoropbf wat to ratfe tbc mtffd 
to lbFC'-4ii«a»pUli'>i» of ih« divtoe AAlorc, Wiib thia view be 
tn^ut9illy i«*tmaitadt io •b£tfa£Jwii ftom ftufibk (»bj-tif)s, not 
jllO|><*lbeT anl^kc Hat 'Ahlc^ the Gecl> prcknbt), thoufib be 1$ 
UCm r>Jica!odi in the 4KrfO> b/ wbkh he thiflk^ tUh flMliadion 
b to te aiuinid. In ihf Pnsrdon. S'^critci ji ttpitkatetl aa 
fpcuin^ Uittb *ti ibc foul~^l^s^lIJl< J« >t na Tvii ACL^^^ifA avav 
A«as T4T9.9 iAnii-4 craAaAava, pht* ^i^^.^lr «vj.fv jiiirrt «A)'iiJ«r», 
l&ari Ttf 4ei>iii«lX' vrk^McAffx^nKaf »vrtvyf^Bfait fflpti-xxaa* 

f^c^Tia. m *^«f. I'^-xd. p' hO. bdii. L'«otib- A::ai(i, p. 89. 
t* ^ iit ^(»^i>, J, «Mit)i, i'>\>rAT»f fCfl^f^ ti i^JfiSi, isjefi 
f«a>>r^ ^,i9f> «ui^b>*^' ry rA&iAjiTf, p>i/r ■«t>HHr/Att ^«ti t^^ vat* 

Tt^ tiKtrfc-d which ^J^ro t<co(niDG(jdi» in order tij irrire at 
ibia dffgrec ol BoQr^^k^ii, 11 ibif. Hf b evef]F vhere otefol 
lo di'lM»jw^b ^Jwcrn /e^in md if^itiiiiihitu The lailcr onir 
he ihinJct wo/ihy to br JciiocninMcd rrtff biJt^t ; inc fiTCtBir tsr 
cofiiiJcu iiKicIy aij^Wivj of inefn, Thu polittoti u tltguitlfr 
]lJulbii(ti iij (lie brr: jii>im^ u/ tbc fcrtQiri bouk t>f thr Rcvu^^k, 
wcifte St^Cftfri cocip^t^i t^^fc vrrto milUke ihr ofcjtdti oT fctife 
W r^ itmifi (0 pc'/"*!* bound tuck /^d bccl> tn a cave, iit 
ficb a iKuJtLon M to fM ji^bing but fli&dcHiri. The gfn< end 
of cdt»cat;4ja, hf UjU ■* ^'^ '^"^ ^'^^ iiiiclifUual rye lo the pei- 
ctpuon of iia propei objeda^ to laUc il bjr a graOuat alCrcrc 


2 to A Ntw and Giiural Bhgrafhicd DUfmarf, 

through the various claJTcs oF inulIigihUsy tUl at \tr\%\h. it be en- 
&bl<^d to contemplate che fuprcoie good. Of tbc rarious puts of 
learning, choie which conduce mbft Co this end uc atiibmctic* 
geometry, al^ronomy, and mulic. Even tbefe, however, arc to 
be confiJered only as the haadmudi to tbe firft and highell ph^ 

And here we wouM obferve, by the wiy, that Plato baa bcca 
orien expofcJ to unmerited abufe for his notions on thi> fubjed* 
He never thought that this coo templar ive humour fllouM be in- 
dulged fo as to obflrud tbe duties of foclal or civil life. In the 
iirll Alcibiades the knowledge of God ie coniidercd ai the meani 
of knowing ourfelves; and in the Republic the pradical ufe of 
tKefjcnc fublime theology is fatd tOConUft in regulaung OUr coo- 
dud by a perfed model. 

[To bt conchidtd in aur next,] 

Apt.IIT. a Nfiv tSfiJ Giveral Biagrafhicat Di^iensry i containing 
jn hifioric^l and critical Account of ihc Livci and Waitings of the 
jRoll eminent PerfonA in every Natinn, particularly the Britifb and 
Irilh ; from the carlieft Account of Time to the preJent Penod. 
A ne\v Edition, greatly enlarged and improved, firo. la Voli. 
3I. i£a. Boards. Fayuc, &c. 


N the 28th voTume of our Review, we gave an account of 
the tiift impref&on of this ufeful and judtcious compilation. 




bOA «f t^ nun fvhofo Jir« lie is mni'x^f^^ a^c * r«pr«li«ndcd th« 
compilcn foi havio|t; omitud the dtriil of a U€i^ wEiicts con* 
lid<rc4) in every poinr cf vicfv, lutli been cAmcd, hy inuiv, M 
I^G uucil inicx lu LfiJl faoiojl rt/ierm^'t ji*lt <lb«N^r, Wq 
aoi» find <hae ibe p«eHrnt edUort bJive iDfcrud, circumtljriiilly, 
•nd pt<k^t'.jt\hc hiftoryoftld/tvViCiiiclEf ud Tiokncc, in the 

A ItrQ^Ur ifiniRco o( <M)t(Ban vnobkmd in ibe life of J^dft/* 
wberc wc c-spcArd an ar^ODM of ihc inhuman ueatmcni of 
lb* Rev. Mf. (of Di.) L^-^hiJn: but «« are fOfTT u> Hwi Che 
pidccii cdiiion lOiJly fi!nit with rcfpcfl CO tbccruclticj excelled 
CO ih^i i^ous but itnforiLjAite wntcf. ^i^44M wi« ifenufic- 
«Mc chgfa£tcr i and the pcfffcuEJon be ruifcrcdt cxhibllf ■ fpoft 
fliiking pOiireofthe ^im^i;^ ivhirh br livtii, wtiea Cfieltj^ 
pride, 4ai bd[*Atff triumphed over humanity, Kicckflciii and the 
rl^bra of conscience. Thi^SctHt^^hntrK«/trAcitiff^^a!»Par^ 
Siftnat tgamit tHe opp^ediovt of ihe pfcbtei of tnofc daT>> to 
tbc Spi'itmal f '»rr «nJ £ldr Chgmhtt \ for vrhicht >t ibe in(lig»* 
lion of J>ir^t he wai fenrrrxcJ to piy a fitie of ten thovrand 
pounJi,-*io be degraded from hU miniflry,^*co be let on the 
ptilorj at WeAminfter, a-^d i^er? whippevi, while the cnurt wa> 
btiinti — 10 be pillor^ a feo>od tinte^ ^nd hafc one of bia car* 
em dF, one fi^r of hti nofe fl<t, and be bnndrd on Ibe face wkh 
S. S- '^ftt/r t/ftdttiM)% — a fevdayianeriobepilloiiedafaiaiii 
CW£^, ihcrc \Q be vrhippcd, bavchii uCher catcut ofF, »nd ihc 
odwr lade ef bii nofc flit, ind jfterwarc^t co be fhut up id a clofe 
d«n{eon> for life. After chit fcnicnce waa pronovneed, ibe re- 
vengeful ArchbiQiop pulled olF hit cap, and vi:\\\ firrvnit Zeal 
flunked *3oi ror fojuft a judcrnent ! a tranrA^i;>n, whteh (ivci 
01 fo rrTD<rkab!c rrair of lau'fi difpofttion^ oughr rDret* lo have 
b«« noifictd by h^^ biogrtpbcr. We hate been indaccd to me n- 
tJ<m thii eirccKnltaaco a fecond tine, in hope*, c^au ** our 
foemet hioEi were in part regarded, whtm Ibii puE>licJtion f»oet 
litrough 4iu:i&^ rdtiion^ the cixnptle/) m^jr, if they a^rvc vnth 
HI in lenrimrtiT^ hive an opportamiy of fupplying iheomilli^n. 

The r»z; arii: LfTili of thii cocnpdecnenc, nolwjthflaiicij]^ the 
nombrrfjf vat irnn^ muff nf nrceiniy eld tide many of tbejtiijiif/f^ 
that are to te mci lailh in larger irerkt of a iike kind | vrliici^ 
cfrtiitnflaare obligea the compilers to be cauiir>ua in fele^linii 
tkt matenalt foe their bio^r^phieal Dritionary | for Ibefe ttt ^ 
dHTofe, dvAmiltT* and nuaicrouS^ thtt they require ^reai j-^d^* 
IDent in theebftiee, rejiftion, ind idvifivjgeon* Brran^rmcrt, 

With what fuccefi our authgri hive executed E^eir ufk wcv^d 
beft appear from a t^rUty of rprcitnena; but, for fueti ample 
evidence «e have not fuScient ro^m, ihoueb fe irant not in- 

• 6ee itcncw. Vol. juviii. pa^e ja. 


a 1 2 A Netv and Gen<rat Bhgraphitat Di^i$narj, 

fiinilion to dr> juRice to the rnfnt of the work, which is hy no 
mtans infonfiflcrdble. Wc thai), however, ^ive our reidert fhe 
brief account which wc here meet with, of a perfon, who de* 
fcrves to be better known Co the worJd than he hai hithrrto bcen^ 
or, perhaps, ever might have been, had not a niche been pro* 
vidt^d for him jn (his temple of famCi 

* Df \tuivHP (Ans AHAM)anilluftnoiJiMathemitictan,of French, w .i bcrn ^r \ itri in Cbampngoe* May 1667. Thercvrcaiiao 
f'f Lhe cdifi (ff Nanrz, ia i^Sc, determined him 10 fly inro Engfaodt 
iui^ncr ih:in iibsndan ihc teltgion of his fathers. He laid the founda- 
ihm of hi-' maihi^maiicjJ Audi» in France, and pctfcLled hiniielf a£ 
Londuti ; rt-hcrt: a mcJiocrky of foiiunc oblij-cd him 10 cmA'ty bii 
l\i T.t ii ihi^ *^3y, 3nd read public Icftures, For his bcucr fj^p.-rt- 
T*.h: rr:.t::/i.i'.tifa of Ne*tonj i^hich chance h faid 10 nave 
thrown in His way. made him con*pTfhcnd, at once, huw litde he 
hjd advanrt'd in ihc fcicoce he pTofcflrd He fell hard to woifc : 
he fucccedcd as her went along ; and he foon became connefled with, 
aris! cclcbraLcd amor^, the Arfl-rate mathc^maiiciani. His eminene* 
aiin dLJIilii's faon opened to him an entrance inio the Rayal Society 
at Lcndoii, and aficr^j-Mrds into the Academy of Sciences at Paris. 
W.i ni^ri: \\'~> fu wet I known » and acknowledged, by the foriDer, thic 
ihty iud^rd him a f.r pfrfon to decide the f^moui contdl between 
Ni'*tioii *nd I^iUni[7„ 'I'he col legion of the Atadeoiy at Pari* coo- 
l-ins no memoir of this Author ; who died ai J-ondon, in November 
j-^4», foon after his admilfii>n into ii ; but the fhiU/aphic^iI trjrm/- 
d 'j/cjn t»f Lordon hmv feicral, and i\\ of t^eni incercC^ing 1 . He 

^blillicd a-fo (cjnc capitjj workt, iii<:h at ^' MifcelUnea An^^li 

ih*t InrrW feodf ; ihc piitku1»« of ikK contrfl, «iih Denwi- 
nt*A (ic^tHon of K| mij^ht uK-jrd n>kli«r o4 fitirfif^inn tu the 

before Bi, tniy, pcrhipi, ^Pp'y *^^* Mcik. 

««k«ol ihii bad, ftoc only w;ih n(pcGt loU^i, but ro^D- 
mcnit of ihiof 1, «nd ^ncnl pHrcipiicf. 1 hr rnJrr who ft 
injttoui <rilh tt^irJ to chr j>icv<ai«^it(onc(l d^iiion of Dcnoi* 
rtt't, inJ *h3 wilhcj to I>t mforiricd bi*w ihit s'e*( c<tfitrov«rrjr» 
wbKh er^igrd thfr strriiTion of ii\ ihc rniibr :nitk:ijm in Eu^opr, 
w^l fini'ly lJr(t^mi^f^, mighf CJtpc^ 10 Jind it hcrr rtcofdcd^ 
crrh<f 1(1 the life of N(w:(in, vi ai J^', or of l.)?(»<y vre : 
ikoihiAg, tiowtver^ ipp<ir« on ihc fubje^, j» t^v pT«feni ediHon ; 
uni^fi It it (o be foun«i in foo^c other artidri which «ro bjvc not 

Wc nean not, by lh« fdrc;;oin^ Jittk e3<ccpi>(ini. I0 dcprccittt 
Ibe goinril mr/ic of ihii uff ful publicilioo ; whiCE) msy t« €0d* 
Uf^ed M 1 f^orc-ht^mfc of val J«blc oiiirna^j /or ih? riforimittici 
■od«n(«rtain"Vniof its tetAetij—^mjoy Att\cl<t oi u/tiich irrnot 
dfcwh^rc, collecliTeljr, Co W oKt wuh — Jm 4 void we ciniwt 
biti look on the wo^k ai « vtty Accv^isblo tddukjo 10 ibc public 
iloeJc of bi«"p*i»cil licentufe. 


het I'rjide from t^tiy War ttn<f ihe Revolciioa. By Grn-rvt 

If. He 

Ctwlacfi II well known hj hii Ji1>:>ti«uT acd a<cur«t« 
!ig*tiooi of hittunc:]^ p.flrticxT, >a4 extmcriciGul 
bcre puffafi ihc fame }in< c4 inquiry, and mftla- 
uUii tbc f4inc piinctpln which be Wtd down in hii former 
WDfkf. He co^ibdii ih« ffloomy 4iid defpondiof; noiions (41 bc 
'4ccBi> ibcm] iduplcd by Dr. Price jnd hi« /<:}lo«crg ; lad, by 
> ctiJin of fftd«t cottoborated by miny coSiteraJ cfcirm* 
'Jhoccf, he p'orci, wc tbifilf. in &« cicjt a ini[in<f 41 tbe niLurc 
of tbe fubjrd admrn, rhit e*iei fircr the tt^miafl^ Grcjt Bfi- 
Uio l»M ^en lA ft ccniinu»l]y pr&j;rtdife lUie with Kj^«r<J to 
^popuUiion tiul 4i>duRfji tinl hradJjce« mry protablt: nz(otl% 
Klo Ibew, UiM BT if>e preicni oi^naent, fh« ntanufi^urn lad mdc 
Bof ibucovnuy ^fc^pcrhip , in 4 «noit Awtulhiii^ llitc^ upon tbc 
B^bolt, thia ir any fuifnct pcfiod, 

~ Tttc fjfb flucd ID i^^Ls publicadon ve fo rvmrroua 4iii Itn* 
portinit Ihit we cinrjoi »Ttctnpt lo do jjOic< 10 th< i\iXtior by 
•bfiijio^ ihcoithift mvl\ te<ti ih« cuiioui itidtt ed [be work 
Itfrlf, wriich wi\l jffoid 4 rch Jund of r4lLublr n>4ten4U coevrcy 
foUitc^ /pccttJ^oT. WccaiMWf, bowevcr, tvoii ubck^ qq^^wu^ 

ai4 C}ii]meii*iEjf!mate6fthe£arr'faTirtivfStr/n^t!fifGr Brkaiir, 

that he has btcn it gr^at pain^to prosCj by a vAtitty of exunjt\tf% 
that nothing dcfcrvcK to be fo little rtUc'd apon 41 the opiniooc 
generally dilTcmiiiAlcd by pohllcal wniCTB, co]ircriiinf[ (he pro> 
fperauB or unprorperi^ua (Ijie of Eh£ manuUdurc} »a^ inde of 
ihc nation, at the tltnn of the publicacion of thf ir woiki, fincc k 
sppeait that many m«n of gr«ai chaia£tcr and emmcni ftbijitict 
ttavc frcrqucnily rcprcrcnlcd ihc nation u being in *n uncom* 
monly declining ft^ie at rhe vrry irofncnt, whca (at our tuthor 
contends) it was enjoying an cxlraorJjiiary degree of profperity* 
Kor are they pany wrilCM only, who arc faui ihui to mirrcpre* 
fcnt the circumftancfs of the prefcnC iimcT, but tn«n of un- 
blemished moraia, totally uncctint^led with all pariiet. Evtn 
the jngenioui Herr/ifihw/rnd whofe woife we had (t lately ucc«- 
fion [o cnci^lion with ^ppUufc *, may be adduced as an eaampJe 
of this kmd of mifrpprerenution j for he tliCc^ it is a n^iormui 
fatflt thatitncc the Jofsof America, ouf trade thither, and coiiJc- 
queniiyour manuf^diiref, havt grraily ticdimfd, foatio exhibit 
very unequivocal fymplooia of iheeairieiieeof » political cnalidf 
cf ihe mofl dangerous ccnd^ncy ; yci tiut author fhowi thai it) 
the year 1771, l??^? ^773i o"f average exports to the Amehean 
colonies amounted to ihe value of _^, 064,^4^/ and in 1 784 ta 
3i359»*»H' Soeallty may men bejievewh-4t ibey have pjccoii- 
5;eivcd fh^ruM naturally coEnc to paf^ J 

Although Mr. Chafmert bai judicioujly itaiW himfelf of 

be Uk«i not to om*nte them) but paint wotiU b« bcAcNted^co 
tiittr tbcm u much unSti value a« poilbl^. From th<fr, uid 
«bff obvious cOfifidcnttoAi, we srt fitisl^fd thtt »o r^lcitnc* 
Aocild be k«J on cuftombouir <Jiim», &c. in maicm of grcjt 
tcoff^ttcnct) uftlfff iheT «» Accomptnitd lAith so AccvraK k- 
couDE of (be ftiic of the Uw AC the tinif. WkSoui thi>» ihde 
aKOUDTt are Qi«r« likely ia miflf jd i^id eo dJrfrd ih« juil^frnftc 
WeoonoUV^^'cfocci help Wi0kin|{, ihit the ITrcfi Uid upt^n ihT«m> 
fcould be lefi ih>n hti, of bre, b»n th« fjfhron. ' J 

One other remaric wt fliaU bf^ leivc to v>tk* en tbn fubjcA^ 
Vfz- that ii iwre wclJ if <hc internil comnitrre obtained a mu<x 
de^fec ol aliefitiofit *btn it irfually reeeire*. A Ar/f^ ende mif 
Iboieiiinev be aitgmcnlcit in conCe^ucace of a derapged rnrrrrat 
CGCoikomf I where people emif^raie, the focd and neetHArrg ihcf 
ovghl lO bivc cgnfumcd, mull cUhet be expnrttd of fulfricd m 
ptnOi 1 but an encicgfe of foret^n trade orr^inAEinf; from ihm 
Ciule, iiagreat evii inRead of a bidn/rg. Wc mi^ht t;(tci)(J our 
nmarkt f«nher on tbii fubj«^ but {hi.\ cnocent ourTcItf^ with 
recocnmcodiof it to political rpcoulatorv. never lo lofc ffght of 

iMbf tfWtfi #^^ tf nutb grtattr imfwfamt it prtf4fti unJiimitifi' 

A% vrc pTxfkmvethc intcolion of o^r auihoi^s performince was 
iDerely to rrn!>i>re Tome prrjtidiect ihkt ire fuppcled to h«ve he^n 
ioibibed from the pfTural of armn po^^Ui itcatifer, it wai nyi 
to he fWppofeJ that he voiold rlioo^ to emharraff ihe daft c^ 
K»der« fof whont it wiv rnitnded, with fubtle difcol^oni vrbidi 
would ha« been ftrttfliry to djfcriminifr, tti aJl cafei, ^eivn*rii 
mith af>d CTT^r, tiad fccn-en been eipftblcof th^fedifcufilcfis, c€ 
difpofed lo cntcf on (hen hiiiftl/- ll wm cir^^h co pTndvre 
pjflofible argucnentVi and il would have bten tfriproptr loexpreU 
•ny diffidciKC him^lf, wheithe cncint that hli rcadcra AiouM 
leel none. 

Wc futjovn a few irtrcellancoui f.i£b that w'M prove in:crefi' 
1m TO many ofoor rei'-ri ! 

1(1 the 5in of toward HL (1377I ft wa> Toond that the po- 
puTatiDft of England and Wslri amr^unttd to :tbG^E 7,0^1.978 
foulv,— in 14)}^ to ab04it 4,6bIf,ccoi at tbe rcvolviion (lb^8» 
It ^t^OOtCccor 7t3C0iO00 ; and at prcTfOt probably fo ne«r 


fn the jrrar 13771 tW ufiihrmrniioiKd tcwm wetr, by cn»- 
flitfatioOf (cvDd 10 eotiiatn inh^biianta at Tollcw : 
Londoa - 33,000 kuU Plymouih 6,S00 
Wefimioftef io,OCo Cotentry 6,500 

Yofk • lotoco Norwich i.joo 

BrdloL - 9,C90 

LincolQ * <ti'-'Qo 


li6 ChtAmen'i E/Iimett p/th^ tfir^ffiiM Sirwi^b*/G, Britwt* 



St. Edmondfbury 3*500 



Oxford - 3,2GO 

Coichefter - 


GJocftlfcr - 3i00o 



Ltictfter - 3)000 

NcwciUle, Tynf, 

1 S**"^ 

Salop - 3,000 



Poor's Titti at ihc end <tf the rcign of Chnrlea IL •mounted lo 
665,302/. at i776[oEt556f8o4^ Q^^'')'* WbatdotbcjunouQt 

The Navy of England contained^ 

ToD9, Mariners. 

3U3»S 15*371 


69,6^1 3°i9S< 


112,400 45*000 

io+,7S4 41.000 





22S,2I5 17,000 

226,246 10,000 

300,416 70,000 





























4urin2 ihc Fovr fjft ycics nf King WiIIjati*! rt'j^nt trmtinttd oa 

— - - - ' 

ddpbU. VcJ. n. CoaiibbNl ffosn Pig* 14^. 
Astronomical I^AriftJ.. 

tioafc, Bfq. 

THOnr^M afitH (itirk rtnot ahi'o!tjn»f7 nf fflary whfrr an 
obffrvens ^I^fiVd of m ^ood trinrti inttroue^t, ihe po- 
Giioa of whi^b mar bt c»cntrrdsiK)«ccur«tdrcorrr£M of ilio 
piftfv of a known littd (tsr* v<c n 11 conv«ni«iii, r«m mttch 
n^ablc, aod focneiinvct prrvcim miftikc*. The mark vrbicli 
Mf- R. hp™ rfcommrndi -.i an eiff one 1 but we fr*! iS«, from 
t<f bfin^ fixed on brick work, it may be «f>f to ttry ■ link 
by ihr fhr inking; of (Se buildng; and, rbe dtftanceoF the miric 
froni the funfit rnftmincnt bciny only 36 feet, ■ rcfj fm«ll in- 
e!inatiofi cither ro the eift or weft miy be tttmded with grenr 
crfor ia Ihe inHrumrnt, The advinia^vt of il^ however, ire 
micerial ; it \\ perfo^Ty free ftctn pariltni, 3r it not afi?£teid by 
ib< ond*jUtion of ihc air^ >nd tc cm oftly bf tilvmifisH^ in the 
aig;ht, Oiojld jTiy tccidc^it happen thii mi^ht reodef an acjuft* 
meiit of (he iranfii rnOrument ivccefary. 

In the ap^Ddix rr> ibii article-, Mr R. recommeodi the ufioe 
fptden AUirenfi inftead of wire», or filk threadt, ia hit trinlS 
idefcope \ the fineft wire, or ftik, he finds, obfcures ■ fiircd fUf% 
efprcEtlly if it ha*e a great deeljnuio^, for fefffal feeondf, 

Oifirv^Uns >ff i7 Cimft. By the S^oic. ' 

Mr. R/< firu obfcrvicW on thii cooiet wa!« mtdc Jtntury 
11. 17S41 whrn iti locigjride wat 15^ of Pifoei, ind Utiivdc 
t6^ 6' foiiih^ By fiibfirqucnt oblcrvcroni he found that it pifled 
tbccclrpiie 00 the jilt in 25^ of Pifcit, lod on the lytb itvm 
111 gg" of Pjfcci, with 13^ 10' north Utirade. Fro«n the beft 
obl^fvatiorttoi^r Author cauld mike (for thecoinct apftrwod ver^ 
fajcit, ind wat ilwiyt infoJvcd in day'lijchr, rnooc-llf^ht, or A 
thick itmufp-Scrp), he ror>fIi«if» rhaf ii p:»flr<I its penlielwo »hamt 
Jiaoaty io> jt» dift^nce frtint ihc i«n ^ciii^ nearly 0.7 of the 
earih't dilfioce from ihc fun. The pltcr of iii afcending node 
m in 15* of Taurus, and the inclinaliocr of it) otbtt to lb« 
ecliptic 53^. 

Afit^jumi^af Oi/fi^>Mhvt* By Chriftian Mayef. 

Thffc obferv*tijni were niaJc fnr tJie ptirpjft of dettrmfning 
fbc tncuati dI the 6xrc} Oin between (heoifr-!vei. Qiir uftrono- 
ffilckl te«d«T3 are, no d(Mbt> acqininttd wTih tb« obr<muo7i% 

9f H«ll«y, wb^ 4^out tlie ym M'jKtt ^F ■ c>rtF«l coaip«rif^it 
of Fbronnd't obrerviiioiLi with iholc of Proirtny, rcrpcdiOfi it 
hw iued Aart, Wt. Striof, Ardur«t, Aidebdi^Dt &C fuH tiir- 
Covcfcd ihil tbrfc Aan I^mI a prupet laoiion of ih<ir own* 
0<b«t iAfofiomf't, p4>fWrior to HalUy, in ineenij'iiiEit- ihc pro* 
pcroiOCtciD of itbc njied ftu?^, compared ihcif own obfctvati(»n| 
wuh fhofr of ih« ancivnft, Tlii> ihctlkHl r^quiFH the labour of 
proliv tnd intriciic «iI<4i]itions, tAd* vftcr til* rt<T>Mni liibk to 
iloabti and ufrrvfiarncy, on ar^mDt of the imrcurac^ of aB' 
cmt ob£trT«r>oiUt aiid th< crron of ii>ftrv««ftie. Ur. Maver 
|ufl]jr cofKlvdca, ibai, wWn the diffrrcncc of tight ifccnliDn 
9Sd drdination be<wr«n ipy two fiatft <• very fmall (r- «. « few 
feepMl*}, iuy v«MMn»i aiifnig frooi ihc picccJfion v^ the tqul' 
fkovcii, ibeo^li^uHy of ib« cclipfie, ihc iibtrriEioo of light, or ^ 
from aoy ofher ciufc dcpcndiOg on ibc xcvublc ttut of ^c Air» ^ 
«tiift«^u«Jly BJT^ ihem both : he bAi thcrvforr^ m th« fpace of ^ 
two Tf iri, int6t about two burwlred obfcrritjoftj on fome of the 
prrncip4] fiud fttri, apd oihf^t rirtU onca oftt iWm, whkh he 
c»ITi ^vnjfrj, or aiiediliBtli, The dtffrrencc of n|^bt afceAliOii 
ftiid ol decliniiioMs bctwcoa thrfe Oacs md thbr ittrndinEr ire 
■ccuuccJy cako. Such of ihtie iJi?crfr>cc4 a* be hu obferv«d 
(of which coricfpooding obCcrrBL^oot tuic bcrn recorded bj < 
FlanfttJid in hit biltoty of th« heituna, cr by <Kbtf obfirrytfi), 
M« inrcTwd iff a tabic wnh KiBmdcad'a ajkd ocbcf obrcrvatiooa in 
i culUteial coluiviB, 8y vrbtch the vtrmion ot th« difFtrcncc 
of n^hx afccnfton and oecEirtltoo oow, ind at other tiiMM, ii , 
naAily fecn. Far infi«iice, by tbii ublc U apprari thai the dif- 
Jtftoti of Hi^ht al^cenlton btiween Ar^uru* »nd bn tusftdwit 
W«tt on Fcbfuuy 14, ^690, 5'^ of tlfiic, the aittodiitt preced- 
ing ; and tberr d«l1«refK« 9t dcclnntioti 36' lo' of fpice, ic* 
'Cording CO FlM&Rtsd : on May lo* 1765. I'hcir diffcr«i>cc of 
li^iC a/cctifiMi 4", th« uttoduit foTlowing, and their dJIfcrenco 
•TdtdifiMtioo ij' 5^"-?* ac<ordiri2 to M«lkelfne : on Ma^ itf, 
1776^ diftreoce 0/ fight arcrnfnr ti'\ ittendant following, aiad 
difFtrenceof decliAaCton 2^' 37"'. 3, wcofdmy to Mi^r. Though 
tbii nxthuii i» Cffyt yet il r»}uifrf tlic aXtuiicv uf oih^r Dbferr* 
Vtoni, in ofder to tfetermiac vrfiftber one or both ftari mo¥t, , 
sod ^fo to iiottu'tit the quantity lod difcAioa itl oioiioa ia . 
vach. Might MK thefc circuntHaflcea br obc&ned by the 0^ ] 
(erred diftances between the fiara in qucllion Mid oih<ra m ibtir 
Bck^bourbi^od i 

Tbt4 paper traa fenC to tbe Society tn Litin i the origittal lA 
printed, with the Engliih ( but we ate at < lofi 10 know the rc^^d 
M »b^ tW t«o lift ptr^:nplM AoulJ bav« been omitted in 4^1 
craniitMB : they connm n peece of very nrceflary infoimatiai^^ 
llW onghc ilwiya 10 accoispiay Kcounu of obrcr^^atJonH 
Mncly* ifat Guutioa of tkc obfemtofy irhuc ibcy vntc ni«)c^ 

Uiitmle md o* u' 6" eafi lon- 


B/ M. M. De 

anJ Ltiner EtUffi^ 

An rclipde of the fun at Kcwpucc in the $(«tc of Rhodt 

Ikciantng * lo'* 5^' s*" A. M. Tnc timr. 
End - i*^ 4<>' 41" 

L#4titiiJ« «f the place of obrcfvkiioo 41* y/ 20" N. 

An eclipHr oJ ibe moon at th? fimp phc^, Nov. 1 1, i^So* 
BffinDinf - 10^ 24' 39' True I ] OK, 

Knd - I J* 16' 5;" 

AMttmt a/i^ f'rattfii tf^ffminur ihi $m, June 3, i769,«Mrt** 
rd atNn^mrj ra Mt/nkafiuu Bf tlio Rev. S«aauci Wil- 

LuiCude ol ibc place of ci>rcfvation 41' 37 K. 
Longinidc— *4^ 43' jo" Weft rrofn Orr<nwlch. 

t M Saiitn m Mefsnhtjftit. By <^ Same. 

IoArc{^ { ^'it'rnal cont*A i> 54' 40** A^fMrctil tine. - 
^ I Incrroal co«inA 1 j6 o 

N6 latitude and longitu<)f of the placc- 

OlifavM'm §J tix EtJififi^fh Sm^ Not. 6, I77r, or Br^trd 
/» Ma^aehtfftn. Bj the Same. 
Bcf iDQMi^ * 1^ ^6' 42" Apparent Unc^ 
End - 3 47 2 

Jfinrnmu^ Okfrrwmms. Bj D. Rkttfibovlt. 
The firft fct of thefe obftrvtiiom h on iKe geocentric pl^ce 
ol tbe MW pUoet ( HttfchtVt) throu^b two rciro|crwUtioos, ^i%. 
from its being Butontty in 7* xi' 16" o on OAober 15 % 
i7«X, to being Itaiioaary again 3* 1 5' o" to On March 10, 1 783: 
ftnd frooi m bcm^ Aatlottarj in 11* 53' to" o on Odcter 15% 
1783* Id iiH bem^ dationarjr again Adarcb 14, 17S4» Ln 7*46' 
o' a, Tbe oppo&tion ift i;«2i »4i in 5* 2' |o" 1 thac ta 
•78J, in 9* 4?' aj*'», 

Tbin foUt>tf» an obfeffUtoo of the innfit of Mercury over 
tfac lao, Nov. 13. I jSit u PhiJadtlphij. 

Ing«f. If ""'";' """f 9' 34 SO" 
^ I laurDal co»i»ct 9 49 o 

Eprrfi J '"'"o*^ «>^"^ I<> 5' 30 

'^*'" I txteinal contta 10 j? 35 
Oreatdl d[dance e>f ff^Ti ffln'a Ifnb 31 , 

Mean time. 

* Wt feu chac dure h a < jpo^ApAiicd cirar ie g^ ^f tJa^fe Jiica^ 
pef ^ap« in Oh i«r»cf . 

ft20 A Trttrtifi upon G^ntl 

The next feriet contains eighteen obferTflironi of the right 
arcenfion and dedlnation of the new pitnet, which Mr. R. callt 
Fiuto : the fame number of the right tfcenfion iikl dtclination 
of J Gcminofum ; fourteen of the right afcenfton of the new 
planet^ eight of the light 'fcenAon of ^Geminorum, two of the 
right afcenfjon of y, one of i, laof ^, and 4 of ^ Geminoram, 
and four of the right afceDftoii of Sirus. 

Thefc arc a valuable colledion, ts they afford data for de- 
termining the theory of the new planet, which, though already 
eltablifbcd by feveral fmtgn * allronomcra, may require a few 
correftionsh The obfemtJons begin Jan. 29, '7^4* and arc 
continued to April 2, 1786. 

■ See the Appendix to the 6Hth volume of oor Review, p, 630. 
and Appendix to volume 70. p- 519. 

{T9 hi eontinued in »ur next-) 

Art, VI* A Trwfiti/c vp&n G*utt in which the priniiive C'ofe of 
that Difcafc, and likewife of Gravel, i» clearly afceruined ; and an 
eafy Method recommended by which both may be with Certainty 

prevented or radically cured. Small Svo. zs. 6d, Cadet). iyS6, 

NO malady, in the whole catalogue of difcAfea, has had more 
attention paid 10 it than the gout ; nor haatny fubjed been 

fo v^iiouJly trcjiud by medical writcis, in all a^s aad countrres ; 

* Tb« prindpafj oi- rather the only cauresofcalcircovtevtbbnBg 
coTtcaiocd in CDC 9uid«, are ACiDS. Tim m u aHertion which 
may at iirfl appear extraordinary ; but the more it it coniidered, the 
better it will be confirmed. That they are the foorcc of a calcareofli 
habit i} certain ; the manner in which they operate To as to produce it 
u doubtful. Perhapi the ftomach and inteftines are never Ave froni 
ft mixiare of calcareous earth ; it v^tj be taken in by accident^ with 
ft rarietj of labdances which we etc and drink, or it may be formed 
by the proceJt of digcftion \ buL this 1 do not take apon me to affert 
politivclyr having never made experiments to obtain the proof. 
Calcareous eanh ii a folid fubftance, and on that account litiTc adapt- 
ed for being abforbed by the lafteafs ; therefore it may exiil in the 
friitur liittt without geltiRg into [he blood-ve^eU, But if it meeti 
with an acid, it wifl unite with it fo as to form t fait which will bo 
diflbhed by rhe aqueous flaids in the alimentary caua!* and cVrted 
wi[h ihem into the blood -veflels. In the fluids of the body, theVe !s 
alw4)rs GOntiLned % qaaniity of volatile alkali^ which ii certainly 
produced by the operations of the auimal oeninoiny ; acids have a 
nronger attraflion lo calcareous earth, than to volatile alkali. If 
fuch earth pUre and uncombincd with fixed air, is apphrd to a com- 
pound of volatile alkali with an acid, ii will unite with ihe acid and 
diHodge the alkali. But if fixed air is admitted, a vtry different 
efleA will ti'ke place ; the volatile alkali will take poAe^on of the 
acid, and the calcareous earth will unite with the gat. This is « 
peculiar compound ete^ive aiiraflion, which i» learnt frc^m expe- 
rience, but could not have been forcfecn. The voUttle a'kali in the 
body is combined with fixed air \ it will therefore be the means of 
prvcipitacing the earth from its compounds with acids. > This is the 
manner^ perhaps, in which acids bring on the calcareous habit.' 

The chcniift mufl con>e(s, ihac ihete is rngcaujty in this 
theory, but the ration! ^nd fcientific phyfician cannot admit of 
tbc prtiaiUy the maj he, and (he ptrhapi. 

The prevention, and method of cure are contained under the 
following heads : 

■ tj9, Abdinence from the ufe of acidi. 

' ti^fy, The prevention of acidity in the Ilomach and intediiies. 

' 3/^, The refraining from water and other liquors, in which tn 
contained any of the compounds of calcareous earth and acids.' 

After particiflarlf confidering each of th* fc head , our Author 
fpeaks of CheelTcfls of alk^^i^, which beflyles the maft fafixicnahlt 
rtmtditSi in overcoining and deffroyrng acidify; and hrghiy ic- 
cominend$ ihe ufcof ihem t conHuding, that — ' By theJc means 
it is certain, rbit a cure may in every inll'artce be rfftAcd ^ tidt 
we are not fangutne in cvpe^fng that many cores will take place. 
Although a greater latitude with rcfpei^ 10 regimen is allowed, 
than wai ever permitted in gout, irid no part of the fyib-m can 
be attended with inconvenirnce, yet there are very kw who Wt\\ 
have refolution to pcrfcvere in it with an cxa£lncf< that fhatl 
(ittille ihcm to fucctfi. The remedies are as ccruin as mctcur/ 

0,3 m 

lit jfMa U thr (^iTff, 

ir the rrnncil dirtATc, or u turk ia »n (nCcririirfflt : but lila 
thr£?, if improp^fJ7 rmpkyed, they wtlJ fail in tbc:r cff«Ai/ 

Weic the Atfihor's mvibod of cure coaHrmcd by expccicikUt 
Wt ftftii-J be mone retdj lo Kknowlvdgc m cvccJieitcy i f^ 
though bk theory ii iagcniocti 4rMS in^ U » lr«e one i yet, in 
the pu&icc of mrdkinr, many rfrori ^r/ dillr romftitrrrd, hy t 
Biin'i hiving a big<'itrd atCiclxncnt to ■ Tivourilc fyf{<ni, un* 
fuppiMicd byikiTioj^n^itivror cxfrrEcnrniiF c»rdrntT: wr»if>ird, 
thertfort, that « few eflff», coofifming the pri^icc he rcccvD- 
DCfl4i. had been Jitd before us. 

A%y^ VII. J^i^ H w Ckrgy c4 cTcy Deeominition ud De- 
fffcc : iviih the r^ruJ^anoA cf the Rcfolaiions of « Uie Cottgttft 
nclJ in Gcimiiuy, for the Pvrptrfc of jboIiOitc^ ChrtAuuitr 
tKrou^houi &3n>pe. iimo. j«. Icvcd, Bitdwin- i*%6. 

IN iiV'itaivon of chr cucellenr fatiriff, Dr> S«ift, the Avtbor 
of itic piefcfi^ performance g:v»y^/j«w advice to ihc ckrfty I 
he uk«t up bl« iounf> |:upil at a very eifl^ period, enndu£ki him 

trid.ijlty TO the rufiifniiof fcclefunical dj;.'ikiiy, and ibcn Uive% 
ilk in pG{r«€oD of Liitibetfa palace. HefeitounvicbinOrudii^g 
parenft br^vr they ovght to peifomt ihc p«rl of education t^bich 
fitctditiU falfi 10 chffr Qvur: he advife* thetn to be very tcten- 
tive 10 (he £Cniu3 and difpofitton of ihvir cbiMren, aikd to cbufo 
the OKif) ilijpid for the churefa i ft>i in any (Mbcr proktton ^ia 
wanr of ui^drdhndl^g vifht prevei^t hU forture, m rhit it vrilJ 
be of no rMfadvKiU^i:, TIk cuibryu Jivmc k-iving cibliirxd hia 
n^/^j v/^iT, aa lo thi Kn^lrfb language, urdtr ihe tmiion of a 
f^rdteled dam«, h placed 00 ibe fouodaiion at a public fchoo)* 
iviiereiht fti^iiy of L^iir aitd Grrek 11 to ir^rafaihe whole of hia 
attcdiioBH The Authott now fuppofing hi» pupilt who u about 
8 or ic ycjrj of a^e, 10 be eip^ble of reenvrn^ advkr himfelft 
ftddfv£c9 him vert affieflionatcly, and cndeivoura (o eonfole h}m\ 

^Uttdcf hit prcirpt aidJ^iooi of bcirg a feg, tn^ urmcrrifBily ^g- 
«d by the tyram ot the fch-ool. 'I hrn EoUow niife><llaneov< 
loflrudiuctB for Lhe fchuoI'6oy» iii the ftttial fia^caof hi» prcr> 

. ^reft 10 the hiinett dtfs. 

The thiid Chapter it tntitkd, jfJmutta Stitdfvtta Dhimtf. 
Wt &i>d here onuch ftvttt latire | after milling fo<ne rcirtatht on 
iKc <iign^tr acid corfirquf &ce of a Stvdeni at one of ouf omvcffi* 
tie«, the AL>tbo: potnfi out ro hit p»pil ihe oicft proper oifihott 
of pr^ffcuting bUftudus. He eoreeivo (he cvkuraik/n ot what 

' i> called fcieoce to be a rnciv waltc of iime, fiirce, in ihc opinion 
of many of [he learocd fij^, a coAiprteiM knovrWgeof U^e^'k 
Sftd Ltlin, with the fneohinifan of ancient ve.'lificaiion, i» the 
■toiodicaieniot human erudition. As 10 attending IrOutea of any 
tiai, iiiiaAn-/, Hccben fccommcada the fort of eogipaoy whteh 
7 the 

Mtnu f0 thi Clnff* 



tlic8«dcftt ougSl to prefer, and ^ivr» fboe good dirtfiiom foi 
the f nj«ym«ni of Ufc in every r«fp«A, lod the iitaf nment of fttch 
^ftifiKftiioDi II mtjfi fcf^^dr^nitr on thcdcfka) ch^ft^r. 

Th« nex* Cbipref <^«iO'Qv jfthi:* ra a ww^ Prww, After 
jtJTlAit fomc gcneri] infiru^iom on the rtitare and d^n^n of 
dieifltiyt CTtiT Authnr prorred^ to delirmcv rhe no^ines of hn 
fupir* conduA on hai ndt appointjn«nt to • csracy, Dnlt 
fnitct ft coiif]<]eiaMe iriide in ihii chtptn, whtn our Anrhot 
cflicri intdthe diievflii^noraJI ebeiniriutiftibAidfe lo b«obrerved 
oa Uii> brad. He ihcn cpnfidcrs utbtr panicui^n wbtcb «fc of 
no tcl« ccnttqvcncct tod |ttvei ivJl iiftrttftiofit fof iba youjif 
cunic'v Ut4vio«r a> ■ cotaptmoo for ifae fquirt, > todl-m&Scr 
ic a chftAenin^, Mtd ocb^ cfcar>dcn in vrhkb ihere ii % proba- 
bility o/ ihifiiogt Of proafco t ing fab toEertft toward obtaitiiiif ibe 
bighlrr ruik* of ciericat dignity. In thit p>ft of the won tb« 
AMhor'ft Uiirc i» fomcticno vn(cAplo>^ ie pcriooij at(Kbi| 
ttac imitK alway* dire^ tu wci|x>.ifc lo ihc v.crt ciih<r of auA* 
kind id i^ecieraE, or of a certajfi cUli of «Mn AOMing vbOA pi^ 
ficvlji' ncet or fuibtci mc tru^ ipp^cnu lli ibc Cuocl»l>00 <d 
ihiicbipier, tbe Author t^un iFw fiipp^ied ttaoridiaDt of i 
Coo^reJi of deputies from rhc fcrtral ft«CM oi Eufrpe, mci for 
Um purpoA of atoidoni«g Cbnnianky, ood tftaoJiftiing p<f[u* 
ifn in iti fl«ad. H^rc «rc wc reai«dcd of S«if('» ito«ic«| 
bvt Svrift it not exceJIed by bit rmiutoe. 

1ft confequmccof a proper aEWfii^oa to the adnonitiofti £0*' 
caui«d in i)w preceding cbiprrn, ihe derical m«akor Cappofet 
faa pupil a orvon ol Windror, or ft pfi>t»iftfy 4)f Djrfiam, 
Caatuovf^, Wijichcilcr* or fonx other opailtM cm^mI ( bia 
obje£b MMt wiHic* *re ooi however )'«t firtiflwl | tnucA inftrvc* 
6o«i uttcidHuy, in order* not only to lill hi« pfc^at Aal^uo pco* 
ftriy, but CO dired him in the road to a bilhop^ic. 

Grve oac leitc,' f^yt tht Author ia tSr Kc^innii^ of hk 6tll 
rer, ' to congratulate your Lorttlltlp on having, u MkCO^ 

()i over Cf-ery CMBOlOlief in the kint»dotn, and oa Ikeio^ jioroyr- 
ably fcitrd anoBg the Patt in [Qc Upper Hvu^/ He lUra le* 
commvndi to hti Lor^lOiip the urgceit ncccfity of ati^ mpEmg tfee 

iirruf wrr^, vk. to «b\4ifli CbfifliarHiy. Prgper lubjc^» fo€ 
«rmon» 4r< poinKd our, and excdkot'difefiioiu act gi^to for 
coapoAnf dMau I'bc lire of political conditd whkh cT«fy 
Udop ougbi to purfur, » nent ourfccd ovt | by a Arady obfciva- 
ticm of wlikh, bta LordOup it cranfliled to tne lee of Canter- 
birf' Oor Astbor having ihui ieiitd hil pvpil on tbc brghtJl 
piApack of t«cMaAical mtntacc, putt a £jui period to kit ftd- 
■woitiooa, with ftcoatoMtiduig fucb oufurci u n4]f tend t» 
c opywt the krng to pAganitoi. 
&«ch ta the ouiluic <jf ifaia pcrfbrmaocc, which ttBiMhtc4lT 
MAf origiiiii ibouzhti ; Uk (ttiic u {Gv««t| iit^\& 
<44 Ctwtni^ 


£14 Apthorp'f Dtfi§urps 9B Fr^eej, 

nnf rtlt exprcKd with humour ; but how fu- the clergy, con- 
udcrcd ai i body of men (for individuils muft be throft^o out of 
the quellion], may defervc foinuch lidkulc, ii« point which we 
V/Vi\ not conteA with our vagelfli Author. For^ were we ro 
contradid hioi^ he would onlylaugh u ub j and if wc feriouily 
fided with hini he would, probably, cry oat *^ a hiu /" To tho 
fub^t^ therefore, we leave this fiugular gcniu», who cooks to 
them io rather a ' qucftionable Ihapc ;'--let tbtm tiy what Ihey 
can make of him* 

AftT. VIJI. DJ/ttur/fj 4it'Pr0pAgtjr : read in the Chapel oTLincoInV 
Ian, at the L^Aure founded by the Right Reverend William War« 
burtOD, lateliord BiOiop of GlouceAcr. By Eall Apthorp, D.D. 
ReAorofSc. Apiary IcBow, ^cVoIj, Ivo. loi. Boardt. RiviDg- 

toas. 17S6' 

OUR readers will find an account of the inftitutioo of thit 
leflurc, and of (be elegapt introdu£lory difcourfei of 
Biihop Hurd, who fiifl preached on thii occafion, in the Reviews 
for April and Mjy 1771*. To BiOiop Hurd fucceedcd Dr^ 
HiUlUjty now B'Aiop of GlouceJkr, of whofe Icrmons an mc* 
count W4S given in ihe Review for July lyybf^ The third 
le^urrr wa« Dr, Bigot, now^ BiQiop of Norwich, whofe dif* 
courfea we noticed, and cenfured, in our Review fof June 

Aptliorp'j Difiturfrt m Prtpitrj. 


d«renc« «f puticut^r d<iflrinn, conocroing which Chnflunt 
thcmfc ■VC3 »fc wA *jie<^ wh*(hcf lh*y mc p<M> ot rrvcUi jn it 
bII, iE>i vbich foincorihe ahlrll jdvocairi (or ttvtUuop in cc- 
iKnla «id ihc Chnfliin fclifio^ in p«fUCdJ«r ^^ A**c rq^drj 
M umWipcuitl i^4 Muid. 

The firfi dif^omCt ift eaciil«4 Hi/firy tf Fr9fh«e%. Thr |»C 
it, ir ftjax. 1 1^ II. T:iii cktpicf Di- Aplhoio alTrrf^, i/r** ^, 

Jerom, to havt f'^f ic» icfnotc o->jf<tir ^ ti^ f*'^tH^t% 9f th4 yevgipi 
notUm undrr fhr Ramait giv4*tm€itS»* Hi» pfoofr* if Ttir j |i«y -e 
To fillt^, in » fimiUriif of eicpreffioii, ver. 3. 10 our Siri^ur'* 

irvttoicnr o^ All cbc propbrTs ; bat the e(T]ph*Tic ufc c»Fthc fm« 
g«Ur To ofirn rrpciud, louiu 10 {vaini qui Out ctninFDifjF, ;f 

Hjvmg ifltriedt P» !l.lh«*lbt JcwifllpCL'^h^n wtrrrrtir,rd 
■Ad cdncAEcd 10 ■ fim^<« iitd pi«drfpo<i»oa Tor ihritrinc li-hr, 
by a lovig [iCTirjua culttirc of ihc memory, the imigm^ioft, ib« 

* Tlw fchooU of the prophccv wfr« the mofl loiuSle mi p^rf<4 
VOdftb orKbml vdotvion, firr^'ticitr u/mnnm, j d MAck- >V< 
Todoe. Tke pritMlpal ed' tk^ ie f^koott ucre U tlv cipitU <Af, 
which u licKforv riefoml^ filled Th« VtiUy <?! Vih^tt f , a^j fH*i« 
iktficc collcgvt *CTC trtnfp9aa:*d ato <Dor# kqarAcrc« aaJ rml 
JUwitoo*. Thf Ikmtara uvEfii la dioft lcm>BiTHi hu litfij >«< 
pcnnmcfi^ rot IvhjvA ao iko^ fcvcJuticai of biftuHfin wx) rtrllnoi 
■icoe, Hhich hx\t oonfiiDtly pnvaiUd in 0(h«f aHNMt. The H» 
^rtvpMtfr, ktf iaAaoc?. »»p to lU pi f ittkon «t an«e by lh«||ff«i«i 
of Mor«; aid ii conuABfil Uf^mcij «k^«i)i. qv*^ b^tomi tho 
nnct uf ihc C^ftirriy. Thc^r ifttttua^ hu 4lt ibo chor*d«n cf 
Origini'lly, pLir« «nd eanf^roi:, with fev potrf|rJUbl#ir ov vpitbeci | 
ftOI Ct>pioui. ard of <otLVqotrcr. htghl^ figurjtu*, aiHi. u ii»«^a b«)l 
»dapMC to ib« purjKifo of prophocy. All th«i.- ki^occ, uabofru^vd 
ond J«dis«a<m*t «■*» dcrply liadaicdt dbd iodjtod iacrf^aven, 
ud of M p*Kr wiih [heir rcli^na- Tb^ liicriuwrc chMty ti;4t>s| jk 
UMprOfih«lic fchool), wu Thp Uwof (^od; iho VH of fjiCrcd poMry 
■fldmolki ibc r<MOC«^ wfc^tbrr cnrioui or noMlbry. whiOi w«ro 

llw fccpc ud Byik inienik>n of lti« Moftk rhvjil. daJ of ilie 
Tcm^ Cerrrcf ; iitch Prophetic* u h^d Ucn in piccrdjiig :ti»rf 
copniittfd rithtf td mcmor/ or unciag ; aid tk« iuo'aI ^%d raltjpou* 
mean*, by s (tnA ind ^olr tJI«, ofottiaUiBg or augmcQiiii;; ibu gift 
of impiraticn- T^c propSc:: were iTIo thf biftoriiai of i\t lai^^tiU 
■EBiEi ; utfd iho nobfr ani l^fiiplc a^riativc in our Bi^^n ii rv- . 
tnA^d ffoni t>v rpcflidi of irfpircd QlCO ; i*ko. ai fufh. srrftvlfd 
ite Fomrr pro^ hm f . Thv r^fidt of thrO- wlVful jnd cinlt*il 

* L«kt, N<»too> Civkc. Bc{ifi>a, LuJtirf, dio< 

it. 79, A* d. Tbrr« it aa fuch ippclhtioa u, Pumif Fti|t«(i, 
fUbcj ef tbf ft ptfl>^». JCev. 


Aptfcotp*f ty'tpwrpi m Pr9fhnf* 

«rit to qualify thrm on alT ocofiost to iJTrft t\e true reli- 
gion, to chfcle anil tfJiejF;) t^r national M^fliff of the luftj* u^ 
ptfop1«i «n^ to Di»kc ArirJQMt i\(cO¥ttim, Ida or ftOr« lyBrfmofla, of 
iLo app/oichiitg itdcmpiion of mukind. 

* Fropbrcy, ibm uugbc ^i ^ fi«iod Aieikce bf a fbonil di&ipll»e 
and rrhjloa) MunnTf'n, ^ks HTcAt^dty jutdod fnvn iiBf«A^«r« and 
i4ticilni I It ou rfftvl^icd b^ t^e e4p*H«kov «f figt pr«<«pton, 
iCelvci lofpvod stn i tnd ii> molt darwj a«d ifnpctt^ui mfhia 
iSKte conuoulcd by ibbcr jnJVrr uiil by cbc wiiucn Uw.' 

If Dr- Apthoip wtrr t*Tlrd «pon lo prove the truth of thit 

accouDC of tbc fcbooU of ttie frophct^ or evca to rccoacjtc it 

' 10 probibnity, wc believe thit hr vrould be much at i Joft- Asd 

fti tv Ibc iatier p«t| oJ X\u ^uoUUoQt wbat id4^ mull be biv« of 

Eipbcbc tpfpiiatioTt 10 ihidt «ha£ it] A ghu xiccJcd to be re- 
lined tnd ttninlUJ by fob? r reafon t 

In the fccjjcl uf tliis dii'i^oi^iff; be pMaii oat four petkali in 
which prophecy ' was tirputcil v'h Hgrtl luikit ; nvmeJf, m 
the »gf oi Mf)fc», ID the age of DdVJti, dtuing the B«bjr WUa 
and Perfiin empiref^ and in the cvangdi'' ij^, or firA century 
«f the Chrilliin church / mij nuke« fevefJl obfcrvitiooit Tonic 
■WKC, Jovir le(« judicioui, en die vrifdom u/GoJ io diftinguijb* 
Ine ihe4e ffrur perjodi by written ind recorded prophcciei. A$ 
n fprcimcnt wc AiiII prcAnt otir leadcn with the fol|owin| nt* 
mA from hit rcmirki en iK« third period ; 

' AniidA tbii Gmflf fco;^ vid immciifc Tifkty of dmncpre* 
£j(^nce, we difcnn ic rvfj attmcivfl to o«io pricniry objfd. Twa 

ihift Saviotr the c^nira^ potnt, ia whem all Eh« re^* of k'pintioa 
<«arcfgc ; tb« Hero, if [ mjy fo eipreif hrm, ci lAis ccldlUt cpopc< t 
1 lniBca<^g ^oA iif^utiinc the- whole fchejne of Providfoov; prr- 
ft^ally the Avihor « well u Smbje^ of Fropbecj ; for whom »\\ ihe 
IscMem* are prapiKxf, in whom they *h irminjip. And that 
■ocbitf might b« vPtnting tOt!Juilrate tnddikricnjaaurhii cbiri^ler, 
4be obn'tclea thit diovid oppose bii |^r«a£ atc^icvemefti trt p*olfpri-» 
cally plKcd i« Tuch a point of vtcw, ai idrofts f^ nc oihc^ kilotie* 
llin frcrr (;rrat CvcnU k)n|^ fobf^vcrit tu Lljr 4>ri^TB a»d ci*bliii* 
neni 0'' ChHi^ianiEy, ano flitl ^ilibfy iadMoeiDj ibc iffOfUj aftd th< 
«^ w« lire ifl.' 

TlicyicVA^difoour& 11 entiiM Cmttu ^ Uurpr^uim^ The 
fexiit the fime «riih ihM of ibe preceding: * Fiocnthe rery ii«> 
tore of prophrcy,' fiyt b«, * ss Aotiir-g from the divine pre* 
fcir<icet obfcuriiy iselTcntiJ to it.* Svrdy not, atfiwaitgftgm 
gU ^wim f^^fiif^- A betier^ trvJerd tSe oriTy pliuftble retfoA 
for tbfloWcuiiiy of prophecy, it given bv ouf Avtbdr himftlf 
in iht next femeit^r. * A prophecy divcflrd of ita myftic aod 
Kcondtie cbaradcf/ thet ti, of m obfcvijty, ' wockt be a di- 
fvdioa rather than % prrUge/ The frft rote of iotrr pfei^iloii 
trhkh Dr. A. Uyt dowi> ii Ihui expreOVd ; * I bffin with Uj^xt^ 
gkcgi€»tcfi flici&oiia^iDclpfe, wbLch may Ircai u)oUiii4ie wiJb 

tWeonffrctl Obf<rgricy of the Proftwtic WorJ: lint ihc Ar- 
ruoKiit from Vio^tcy It cLCAft and LUMmuLS, noi on!^ in 
&s otrtral rcfulr, bui io ihe obviuus xxl ccniin Coiff pf ih« 
DoA cScntitl prcdi£ljoo«.' iJut thi«4 vhctbcr julf or rtoc. ja in 
oUerv4t>on rerpefling ptopbec^, and due z rule fnf jntcrprrcirg 
it- Hli (toond rule it, ' la ttitcrpreiin^ the profK^cJci wc cio- 
fiot wr In Wit>wirg fbc cukI^occ oi ihc Nca- 7\0iiBrni-' But 
thii ii Eaking for f^rxnted the very puini, which il wu lh« pro- 
fcQcd dcGgA nf iheJc t«duK3 CO (>rovCi We. the Crucb of the 
Chrifliui r«vrhiiovi- Th« third ind fourth r«Tei are profrArdI/ 
takto <'rom Bifhop Wirburcoo'j Divine I^iiioin, ^nd lefft to 
• ihc «(t of SignifiCiTit or Kxpiel!iiF acticn? in ih* Fjrpi«£5i>n 
of propkelic i^c^t/ acd t:k The La^lciT Fiiocft of rhc UovBLft 

ScBiSE ] txyt i»h:ch Df. A. i> i Aicnuain JrlvocitC 

Ac the elofc of <hi> difcour Tc the Uofkor hi« givco tjs ■ mmU 
laiioo of V^ringi's rulei of tntctpfcUlion ; of vbich our mdcn 
miv form i ^n«ri1 \^^ from the nctbod of iotCrpretstion whkb 
o«r Author hu followed ; but wc have ooc roooi for pattkuUr 
eittr*di Of rpcnirEci- Ii miv not b« acnifi lo take noctec m tbri 
placet thjt at the end of eich of the ether difcouWet ifc aildod 
»oic*, ander ihr tide of ' Prw/i tfni lL%jtrautnt,' conijfliiv 
ciKfiy ol extract from Viumga, G^flaiuat Micfcachi, Ftbn- 
ciu% DaubuK, and uthcr wriicfr. 

The third d]Xco\ti(< i* emailed Fr9fhf^ifm Birth tf Ctrtjf^ 
The pailigcs which Dr. A< ptofciltitu illuAraic iie» l<C vU, i^^ 
wluch cbc reader will luiunlly eiptft him to refer to our Sa- 
viour, cb. viii. ]8. 'i%. t— 9 and ch, xu Wc fb-tH l«/ before 
our Readers the following ^xirafti frocn hii itiuftratton of 
ch. ix 6. >Qd appeal to ll^cJr judgnxnt vrhcthcr the chart^cr that 
wc have gi<m in ihe beglooing of ihii atcicJe^ of the lan^uife^ 
■ii4 fp«rii Qf rhffe difcourfci, be not jofl : 

' /at mw/o ui a <hU it 6cfK, ti*ia «j « Jim ii ^ivfw. From proa 
diOin* thr plifr of ChiWt ir^chinfr | and ihe Ornc of hji viraclei, 

K«[/fo/'V^]F'<^^*'*^>" iberaoftlQiniaoaiaadempbaiieLerrai, to 
a££ii the Casle of ihit grcic 0eU»«ftUkCe« aai to delCiibe ihc auei^li 
PenosandChfra^crofihcDtliicrcr^ Thii divine peHbn i»dcfaiLed 
b^Sin dil'iiA litict anU A(ir[b^(rj ; fiooet^ wbiLlican wiEliany fym* 
Mtry be appU«d lo any Cliiraflfr mcrel/ hutnaa, and which agr*« 

10 00 other chaa that cf ;he ^fleHiali.'' 

' In ibe6rll eliuf* the d)«<r£tv of cxpreflioa ii not DfreJf paralld 
or ly&oniBDiMt but ioiioMt^k diftinA iieu of ChriA*> hun}Mt)(/, 
Ubio U>, for ni men and ht our faEvation, ia repeated with a gr^e- 
Ful cAphafi*. The birth Af ChriJf in hii kuwx^ nature ii cvprtJTrd 
lO th« proper and uIlj^I minn^r; a ChiJd n Born. Hti t>lviKfl 
aaivrC) and ihe dr:n«Dfy ofGcd, arc eitprelTcd with ex;A precision : 
a Soa i* GIvcn/^Acccrdlcij; m thii ntdis of intcrpre tauou our Sa- 
ik<ir Jpnke of hMnfcIf in hii di'^int '^vrt, Ma;k, liii. ji. «hen-ke 
fltvlei hionUf, rlr 5m abfolBBCtr, Km 


Apthorp'i Difiavr/rt en Pnpl^^ 

' The Mjohtv Cop. IV])rAnioa» appcllatifin ! yet foejE^licitt 
u Lo oi^crcoicic ihe RefjCAnte of RcMon lo a Revested article gf 
Falih I (apin^ dcrufn tnsgiBaiiQnt^ ^nd nftfy i-i^b iltn^ that tx&ttttb 
itfilf agaiiifi tA/ Kkt/fujh^g/ af Gut, snd 6rfiTging imt ta/ri'Vifj r^ny 
iltughr i6 fki ohtJitaei of Vhrifi •- In ihe tfwti ^ft arr coniideiing, 
jcfus is (lykd Itnmpnuct, Bi^cf ihr Mtghty Gcd | with ihc cE>nrrnr cf 
»1| the ancient Vtrfiodi. i.\\h\ <A ih* J*wi!h Ti*[Jon Efpcdilly, ivMcb 
ciprcfTci [heir faith, ai (tn; very time i^hcii (hr Mej!i;ih «m txTR^tod. 
'* Tbe prophet failh 1/? elie hi)iil« rf David, itiui i < hild i> ^>r>rn lO 
'■ itit a ^on is gih'm lu ub ; anJ }ir h>tlk t:^ca vhe Uw upuB h'nt- 
■' fcif ihal he mig^i keep It i Jtfd bii nmc ihall be called, God 
'" before itc face [of, Uom (bcfacc] cflhc Admu-Ulc Cojofel ; lb« 
"' Viin thi: abideiL for rvcr ; chc M^lTt^h, whcfc pcaci? fhnll be 
■' mulcipli^d upon tis in hij ^layf ." ^uch \i ihe ancient Chifdee or 
■Jcwifh partphnfe on thefc divine liilefl ; anci it ii a el«r proof, 
»niong innumerable, of the finccre and genoine doftrmc of the 
Ancicoi ]r«a conteniiti^ ihc Pcrfon in J Dthf of the Mcflith. Our 
Lord himfetf ind hi:. Apoflln <a confirm ihar doC^rinr, t\ fcAirely 
to bate giv«n ■ New H^vebtion eoneFrDing the Thrre DWiie ^er- 
fani; btha >r< clti^Fly diliiEhfiuil^cd tn Oae Deity, thfovghoui llM 
Hebrew Scripiuicf of ihc Oul TdUinenc. in the Wit of Uit: ipocry- 
phal writingb* \!\ ihe mott ancient Tucudis and in ihc tovnJajibJc 
worbi^ of Philo. Tike CbrtHian tevelaEion gave ib€ Haaip of divine 
»uthontjp to Thp revived doflrin« of the Jewifh rhuicli, eorcrrning 
the Trinity cf PcHbni : and it affcricd, what tvaa left expTitiiTy 
known by [He Jews, the cquJ honnun, and eiemuy of the divine 
Feribnii giving dtAinft Idau of tke gr*ctoui often whicfa caefa fufl 

AplhorpV VifMrrpt wi Prtphisy. 



\tl tf MfRHTv God \\ pr^^ to ihc fGbjrd ; ihe conqofriRg-' 

aiuia[:tcd bjr prHr^MioD, faerefjr, or oilier 4CU, U> I'u|]|uc6 the rruik 
of lb* Gorpfl.' 

Artcrthii simple rpccinnfn of D^» Api)torp'«f«fT|t«i^aivdrcart«j 
mrnt<, «c O14II be «crjr cvctcifc ii> ouc 4CC0U'it of itiv fcilbwtu 

The ride of ikey^f/A difcostrc i», Cbrs;^i!sgii^l Cl^jir^trt 
thr Mt^i^h. Tht :f;ki, Dan. ix. 24— 27. It conum» an «ipl^'«| 
nation of Djoicr> U^r^c^i piopbcc^ of chc /xvMfy uvrff, wliic^i 
Dr, A. duel fri^m ihe ifcrerof ArDKCrxrt r.^n^^ronnut Jn ihfl 
fcte«th ycK of hrs rctgn, an4 coEtTcq^^nilr U*uk4 ujiimi ihc hiccc 
pan of ine a6th v;'i>, inJ the wko;f of iht t7ib, in which tb^^ 
fau of ihc JfW'fti nMion is prffdrCl<d, ai fffcfriog to cicni 

* lEVoKD ih( litnir* of the fct'iity ivfrks, hut ipil^ anncMi 
TOfkeiik, a»«ji illuAriouE d^'iuonllriiiofl of ir-.<<f[vio« forckixkw 
Wj^; of Ihc autbuiiiy uf Ch^iA» aod vf ihr Uuih of iItc gofpeL'^ 
Thit (fiftouffc it, in our opinion, ib? bctV ^n ib< whole cglkc* 
tiofi, iKoui^h far from bcio£ upcxctptiontUc. 

The j^« i( <fliitk<j flttJt^itaJ Cbar^Gtft ij /h^ Mt^ah^ Tlw^ 
text, XJao. ix. 14. 

Oitr leadf (i may jvdgc of Uic flriin of iblf iiifcaur& by cbi^ 
folloiving »ti4±l ; 

• Under :hr u oiverla] cpnrciuufncfi of iin. wW way ii there ^ 
obuin j»rpEjirc< ubith Goit P Ihc falc dcpcn^Icncc of niisrat rea* 
fbntionthcjuAicecJGoi; ajuAicr, c^/tainly ifi^pfreduitS c^«icy ' 
nii4 ifrfchrb perf«£%!y cciacidei «ith Mi wifJcRi and ipoodncfi; x_ 
juttoe. i*hi<k willccruinlr reirirdiiifhAl«verc«riy«A'lvrc4irTt, [)u| 
ua ibii piion^k. who caq cnnfdeaiMufly clalni icccfTUnc^ with il 
Dfir^r I1 tbw* any mao, fo blimclHi, fo pure, fn tmly. led fo ju*,; 
aa 10 Jlard ki» trial >t the trihuo-ilof i^iviiat juiicc P Vrt ifcii he fav\ 
4o, if be nrjedi the ciKtiiattvb 01 i^htill A*d wc miyht a^fpcll Inf^ 
cbc rcAfccihUbcri aad cai^ece of that mc^uEiopt fion iu fivcviEi 
in order lo rcrilcr GikI propiutKu lu finncn/ 

Tike divine juJtice, jbccofding ro the idea here ftiven of it, ap«/ 
pcara 10 ■> to be fo fii frf>'n comcidirg with wif^om and jpXKl< 
nefa, that 11 niiLitatci againfl both, amd lotallr excludet ibi 
liner. A few p«£ei after we have the following wild fn^poGiion 

• Pr-rhsp^ he," thai jt, Go<#, * W1.111M fcaicr h^rr Creatni thi 
wof!<J, bbt to Rcicem « by theSaiwfjdton rf Hii bclf^i'rdS^n/ 

The iri!c d1 thc^rf* 11, Tht Chata tf f^rcphti'ta nimlng t7 tl 

fhftj^ and tA an^Kt tht SUjl fUfy. U\ thii ciftrjurfc wc ha%« aa 
M^\t liAol PuLvr, which our Auibor cunfiden u prophetic 


ApAor^j Difmxrfrt m Pwffhttj, 

Virgin- Unht poffittft ^^ntrx^ia^ rtjitrft^iwm^ trtgJfm^ SCC* 
«rtHc Me^h, tt\4 c*en txprtBwe of ^ pre^^xifiMif ami tffq^ 
I>i.iTt : to vrhkh thf: Do£)or ha >d^i in ItfuHrjtian of fomc 
4cu<f>cd piSticei of the propberf, wbich rtftu a% he th[»kf, to 

I>i^ af Cfjrijlf it ft GOOimciiUrr on the 5 jd t^iptcr of Iwah, 
'Here we h«ve 1 r«pcti*ion of the Idea* and f«Dr><]>rr>1) con- 
fined in tbc ^^^, r<rpc£ljfi£ cht ocCflEiv of ihc d<*th of C^nft 
ai a vicarious ncril^rpfAfr, For infljncrt' VVhrnGoddetermifieif 
to fire ref«rqi«d HflnciSt it «>« not if[rcc«bJe to ihe eirrnil 
h^»n o' ^ibi mt^nl gotrrnrnf ni^ 10 favc ihcm wtihciur « fjii^fic- 
tcor to hit _|udjc«. Such % Satr«fad(on «-» iiv(f[fpfaublr ne* 
'teOi^if^ Oihcrw^fe, \hc lutrjcfj of God ^giitiH Sin wixild be iif 
tto avii), If be fhnuM tvtve hit own prohrbiiran ; and it would 
fencer our DlfttbcJicACc an inJiffcrcpi thing, atid even a fubjrd 
of Apfirobaiion xrd reward^ if he ftiouM Save bi ici ot^i own dr- 
flMrtii. ToftToid foimpioua uid ibfurd « cofifequcnce, wcmtrft 
Jifcero, thu there U nioihtr way (o ffiskeour luiifno ice<inttl^.H 
abk neith the I>iv]De RcU^iudc, ihw by an itijinitc Sjt<»f^ion :* 
Aod « gmt d«iJ iT/tHe fji ibc fame Jltiia, equally rejtui^n^nt 10 
pcifon, and loeonlidcnt with Ihe in&ny lepreftntacicoi which the 
ScTtp<vie«git«uiof thcSupicitie Bring, a» /iv LvdG^^ m^d' 
frl ^M^grMiNOf i»n£'fiiffttingt aiujiJaftt in {Mduifit fifUf 19 angtff 
mtdf^t^ffMS ht Mirtj ^ fifgiwg itti^itjtt tn^fgrf^mt tutdfin. 

The figUh and utmh A\Uf>\^t(tn uc cniitled i^fbtm$ if f4f 
tiinidim^fCh^. The forrr^r b a commCDUry mi the fccood 
prilm^ which Dr. A. ajiplici throughout^ in a rr(D^:t]ry f^nfr, 
fo the MeAih. The Utt«r nior« pamcuUrly tlLutlt^tts the 
8th Mfid gih vrif^fi cf that pftlm, the ^^fCJifer part of the jlJ* 
tnii Tome paCTife* of the prophet Ifabb, aj prediAIog thepro* 
Yftlevtccol thcChrillian religion, till it wa^eJftbMbed bf Con- 
A»nt>ar, iu gradual nrogrefi and ntenntm to <hr prejit at dif^ 
ftud *i* future unik^ria1ily> In (hi) tfircourfe Di. A. his iotio- 
4ucH thf fi>Uowlftj»rCTn>ik¥on Pf. li. ver. j^ 11, u, 

* In iW pnmary ani bilEoHciI f«nff, <h« iribtiUrr prinCM arc i"- 

joined CO (lay their bixntrc ro iIjC ibcocrtc^^, adminilteied 10 the 

"ktrfan of King David ai Ood*a Viceroy ; ibcir fervice beiB[><taiBrd 

ly J#hoTjh it pvuncunt. S^ir^t :fv Loin viih/'fif'-Rvt tbe fia- 

^uUntt of thf fiihfVquraE riptHTion, Kr/t tnt ^otc, U «o a/««aw*t 

(he frcofttJary or rel^isua ftafc wai piincipal in iKc tdcu of 

^htion. Id the 7th i-t^fe *• r^^^iri nj/n^ la nootbcfwtfeap* 
tolJnbte (0 David, ihao at OoJ'* Vkcru)r ' bat in iu thcolcwical 
,i*nfe, II if (0 appofite to tht Son of r*cd, ai m be 1 proof of U* 
jtdeiry. In th« nth vrrfir, ihe f ipfeiEoo u 0i)l i9L>r« apjMcpriatc f i 
JT^ ;W fajT. The peculiar uft «f a Chald^ic i«ord Ibosaici • it%- 

• nrW 'J J 

t na Tpw 


«*d»fcCtaanid«>of firijiikn/—Wf ]ni« the djft^nlfftf reader 
Tic tffitb difccwrfe ii <ntitW dUraifrrt •/ A^Ubriji. Th€. 

teKl> ir^uh ItiJ, JO- Tn our oprnton U rpqujf^i «■ vtry tlrofij^ 
tfluiciAfltion lo prrc«ivf (hit jftiah h«4 anj rcrnruc^ in ihi> 
cti^pecfft uid piriicLili'ly m the loih vcifrt rv ibc DiJTiop oC. 
RoivtB. 6uc fincf is «<|ual to iny ihfrf. Wc ii<cd ^ no fur- 
CW fof ■ proof of thii thui our AiiiWb c^ifrtCiil on vrr. 6. 
Sjane^ ff* thUJrm U iht mtJUrr, vtt^rr sfv .Hfu •ftht rth^ • Thlt 
putgc/ fiyi he, * 11 laeNplic^br?, but bv appl/inv it to tb« 
cvmis of the lc<i^ prrfcctiiHxis in ihc vftL£tri of PieJiiioni^ aD<l 
AQMdg tbr roclu of the Alpi.* 

Tha f^twif/^ hxi for iti Eiile 7^ Mj^U Tjn^ The mi it 
£««kicJ, ]txviiu f — 10, T;)]i iml th« other pftdi^Jof>i of 
EcfkMl jgAinft the king and city of Tyre, Dr. A* upon v«ry flight 
gronndif fvpporei to be ' tnyflk illc^rin/ piY-fij^nifying the 
corruption tnd turn of the church inJciijr o.' Rome. He fuffcr> bit 
iiDAj(intlion to cxtsy him fci fv, n lo conclude, from Tome »■> 
prcAoiu of ihc prophet* thai ibe city of Rome tt\6 \i% ^djtccnt 
icrriiorfr will fill irtto rhe ocnn * by ihc force of canhquikes, 
sod of foblefrm»vi fvitt, ^'^lyi* (^ys be, ^ II a ftorehoufc of 
firc« VcfdviLtft Ktiia, Ai>d all the vufcuiiaa ifln» will burft 
fonJt into fltoies. By eanhijuikci new (fopt^oni will probaUf 
be optned in ihc Apcanine) s "i^ near to Rome, aiui in Rome 
\ik\fy wliLcb will be fibforbed into a hier of 6re, ind fink into 
ibv fea ; »i ii m^re than inKmaiMt in the Apocalvpfc */ 

The lift diicourff is rnEilted Pr^ph^tt 9/ ihi Origin a^ iV*- 
g'tfi ^f iht kff^rffiiititn. The ICKI, RfT» x, 7, II pOKIIf «ut« 
accoitJiag to ilic Acjthur'i own acixiunt of i(« * tbc fcmcdici of 
tboJc corr^tioQ*,' v't%- which futtlift both in the Rosiaii tad Re- 
foraed cbLircbct. * The declining power of AntKbrHt, and the 
cDonJ meartt of advancing the promlTed purity, imptitvdc, utd 
fdicity of t^= Chf Jtun church, probably on cariht CO b< com- 
,plei(d in the twi^enfy ftite.' 

In reading tKcff dilcourfn we noticed, avoof many otZicHa 
th* followtng ifFrSH trrmi ind eiprrSLin*. Vol, L p. 3<). 
^ tiftfiUiff^^'' P- 66. *iA^rif4«#j:fr^4r^^rv^4tfw /ni^f 
» <it /xrf/< »f fitjut^ rtfrtfimtMim.' P> 87. *• Imirmrm^* fcr 
coftpleticA- P' 117- * wufa/ m an idjcdtve. P. aoji. « 7li/ 
ftfi^fM #/ Chrijti pcffinJ P, 113. * the funcd 'AAHni, «r 
^ajitm »f Jtrti/M/tm ' P- 365. ^ U:crffiifuii'>n<' for tbreatea-* 
in^a. P- £84- ' /^m.' P. 1S9. * tranfmiffi^ SJ^^ti.* 
P. 297. ' tvaniJJbaJnv ' P. 34O. * /twit^Wf 0^ dv iUlsw.* 
P. jai. * i^ fr/tf^ tf ^aJifft a ttmpt, «r ^ ^^mbmM^ m ^ 
r^tf^f lorri^jiiMfaa/ Vo). JJ. p. J. * tti^tti ftmtftf,' P. ij. 

ajt PricftleyV LtHtrt U thtjtwu 

and other places * fqflusus/ P. 4^. ^iht IftatrtUlWtrttitpiatti* 
V. 46 ' ti'Under^ a new verb, t*, 61. ■ Dfwitmrrtts.' P. gi. 

* preluding* P.218. ^ cortfeifary^ P, 2^6, * ^inhha* P. 26l* 

* itffus er tltgf* P. 270. • ditutth^* for lortffly, w« jmifrine. 
P, 27 4-- * Suih a ira»[flAi9-fi3 iV not applicable is tht hijftru 7/r*/ 
P- :137' ' '^h/'J — ofemhatift* P- 342. ^ a^rfi ta oggreffi&n.^ 

We no longer wordrTcd, however, at the falfe taltc whfch Dr. 
Ai has difcovcrcd in regard ro hnguage or compofifioTi, when 
we had read the following pifTagc, Vol. II, p. 3^8, * A feledion 
might be midc fro'n St, Luke and Sr. Paul ; from Minurtui, 
Lii^anliust Pruiientiu», Jerome; Juflin, Clement, Orlgen^ 
Chryfc^ftooi, B^fil, M^ariuj ; and the poems of Nazianzen^ 
Wonnus, and Sinefius ;' (Hear him^ ye men of Oxford and Gwi- 
hridgt f) * which might nvil in elegance, and far exceed in uti* 
lity, the vcr^ bc(t claffici/ 

But that we may not be thought to have noticed only what ii 
exceptronabte in thefe volumes, we niall copy the following juft 
reprefenution of ChrLftiintty, which our Author has given, 
Vol II. p. 344. 

< By this aaiufi name I mean that religion which ii dercribed 
and exemplilied in the New TefUment, a relrgion of perfonai, do- 
meflic, and public virtue : in which the paffions are not ejriTrpatnl, 
buL governed ; in which, God i* adored through Jefas Chrift, with 
tove. idmiraiion, fear, and gratitude ; by which iociciy istUDlioually 

TmSi\ty*t titttrt u thr Jnat. 233 

IkJJffrf, lod rulbp with, it)rm, on poiitrn of th« mefl int«rvf)>r>g 
BAd imporiant otiyrc. No people, lince ihe crctiion, ibil We 
hive rc»d o( hcird ctf^ nrrrc cvff To defpircd, ind hdird, by th« 
re4 nf ibinkinJa-^fo cru«|1y (^pp'flTr^, lb ^n}:ulir]j nvirkcd ouc 
l^tcr« -fc vneten. Hippilj*, hi^wtvfr, rhc ttmri id which Wff 
lire arco-K(h«igci^lc vith the npprv^i^ji? and per ^c cut 100 > IieiG 
ftJJudci] 10. Hvi^KtiCy, ^ui<t«d hy Cnrrft^an p:krEffr% hu 
Uu^bt ui» in th>:rc l.uer aod bcLiCf d«)'i, t wif<r md mere cqui- 
iftblc condud. The hffioay of ihr Jewi, indent arvd madern^ 
pfcfenis bi with a cunoui fubj^ft d^ ottfcfviTi'^p, in s pbito- 
iupbin! T^cw, when it it conitdenJ (he dffcfadjnr« of 
Abribim opcv p(i[Tcir<d^y>r i^^M* 1 country, whore ihry lived in 
the full inaintcruf>cc of cuAhioh and niiL^i>cu ^.K^xiW^t lo c^riu- 
£clv», and in fhe enjoyment cf Ibme idvaniigcv, ind partiCU' 
Ui\y ihc R>o^ ienpoTunt bunchra of luiow]cdge» to which the 
reft of roaokind were Arangen, nr^ at leifV^ eikneerning whteh^ 
1h«y w«re ra » very jc^^M df^rce of uiiceTt«inty and dirlcnefs \ 
ii>d flill tSey tfc ai much fi^riiT '^^ m t^rnrr, ihniioh fn very 
drffirrent cirCumQaaccs ; hiving bcrii,y>r aia A^fo, df ivcn out of 
thru uwa Uod, difiieifVd over aloLofl ctery nif>i(jiMe pirt of the 
glob* ; snti Te% w6ercirer ihey tome, rtmaining wh<illy difttpffc 
Irom iheiclEvf ip«nkind. Other n^ioni bive been toully vin- 
vjaidivd ii wtll %% i^Q (lefc^fldanli 6i Abraham, bttt the rem- 
fiifUa of them btrc ifitcrtnio^lcd wi'h tbc dJEfcrem people amon^ 
wbocn ibey fil down, ^nd ihe^r origrml hub bjea at length for- 
goiKJi : but it huth roi been To with the Jewj 1 

Of. PricfiTcy, fully pcrfuwicd ibjii thcy^nebefn, ^t^6 arr^ 
th« f4tafiar pe.*f-If of the one Itvinj; and cf uc Gu^i *ni thai their 
eatraordiiufy luiFciirigt hai^e bcCn caufcd bv chiir itjcAlonof 
tbe Mefltahp iiivilci t'tem 10 a fair, difptEBuaair, and dJJigenC 
conGikriLjon ^f the fubje^l. He iddfcfn^ th;cn wub comptfj 
Aon, wi(l> aifedion, and with tefpcd ; at the fime itnc that be 
■ppedf to their rcafon and jud^iocnr. He <irj;n them, efj>c- 
cuUy ihf Eborr Irinird Kmong r^em^ ii a frrr dJfiulTnn with 
Mip«i; tQ the Ctirilti-in bith. He wjOiet to hear th« ot>jtAic>n> 
tJtey inay tti^e lu uff<^, and alTurci ibem ihcy^ fiuJ meet with 
Uie|»reatcll nod moH candid aitennoo. 
H I'hc Do^oi fcrma lo apprehend that fome of his peculiar lc< 
' tttu aod capliotions of fcriptufe are fjTouriblr 10 h^f i(Crmpr.| 
Add, ace«'d^ngly, he d fclaiinA the do^rinet of the (Vknaculoui 

tConecftion, of iRc Divunty d Chr^ft, and of the Tn'^Uy. 
Thofe, b&wcver, who dnrm themfcUea more trfUdix ChtLR^ns^ 
will certainly objeA i» fueb Impiirunt cunceflwm h ■"d ^^^^ 
CDsiidci hit reitf>quilhmeiit of itiolt j^reit point 1, tt i'lungup 
mil. Be ihi9 a« il (niy* nui Auihof'f main «l(lign U iindoubt- 
edJjr Uudtblc i tod ibc pwvi citdeavouf 11 wcii coad^Std, and 
: 'iKir. Maicb» 17^7. K U^v^NX^ 


HunterV EdJtha */ Evelyn*/ Sjha, 

TuppDrted, by arguments, urgtd in foch minncr as rcemed moft 
likely (o excite The atieniion of thofe to whom tbe Jeuc» are 
addrelTed. The Doctor's principal aim is Co engage the Jews to 
thinic duly on the Cubjcfl ; — * I am, fays be, fir from flatter- 
ing myfclf that ihe little which I have advanced, flioaM of it* 
felf make any of you converts to Cbrillianti;. My utmofl hope 
19, that [l may be the means of drawing your attention to the 
fubje^, and efpecially to the fludy of your ScripturcH and oura 
in conjunction; that you may judge for yourfelvei, whether 
there be re^fon in what I have advanced or not/ — Again, he 
adds, ' Diligently compire the hiftorical evidence of both reli- 
gions* Boih, you will tind, arc in reality but one* They are 
perfeftly confiflcnt with, nay they imply each other, and mnd 
iiand or fall together.' 

We have only farther to Dhfefvr, that ftinuld there be a pro- 
fpefl of obtatnij:ig, in any mcafure, the dcHrable end propofed, 
tbefe letters will be tranfliited iuto HtbreWt for the ufe of learned 
Jcwi in all parts of the world. 

Art. X. Syh'nz or a Difcourfe on Foreft Tre«, and the Propa* 
gacion of Timber in his Majelly's Dominions. By John EvcJvDr 
Efq. F, R. S. With Notes by A. Hunter, M, D. F. R, S. A 
new Edition. To which is added, Tht Ttrra, a PhilofophieaL 
IDifco'.irf" cif Brnh, Koyal ^to i Vols. jL \^\. Boirdi. Ojt 
Imperial WridnP-paper, il. loi. Boardi. Dodlief- 1786. 

Hanter'i Bditkn ef Evclyn'j Syfoa^ 135 

formed with great Jnduflry and fidelity. Added to ihii, there 
were many obfcurkice in ibe language and ffyle of our Author, 
vbrcb rendered htm in a great meifurc uniiijelltfrible to the ge- 
nerality of readers. In this fitualionf u was necrJTary to remove 
the drfficultici and to elucidate what was ohfcurc; In doing 
which, it wAt impofEble to avoid making Tome alterations in the 
tcxc ; but ihc Doftor obfcrvcs in hia preface, ' thit (he iibcrries 
he has taken wjih K, in a vjiriciy of places, arc warranted from a 
careful collation of the five editions with Tome original manu* 
fcripcst without which he could not pojfibly have proceeded with 
any decree of fati^faftion ; fur,' adds he, * ot all tht bocks in the 
EngliAk language there arc, perhaps, none fa incorrect as the 
two I aft editions of i\it Sjha: the ooe printed in. 1704, cbc other 
in lyig.' 

In, Mr. Evelyn's oFJgmal IntroduSlim^ there ii an infiaoce of 
modefty and humility, 4S pleading a» it is rare : 

' After what the frontifpkce and porch of this wooden edilice pr«- 
fenta you, I fhali n«d no fjrEber lo repeat the occ^Lfion of this fol- 
lowing difcourfe ; I am only 10 acquaint you [the reader] that as it 
was delivered to the Royal Society by an unworthy member thereof, 
ID obedience to their commands ; by the lame it is now republifhed 
withobt any farther profpeS: and the reader is to know, that if 
tbefe dry fticks afford him any fap, it is one of the Icaft and mcaneft 
of thofe pieces, which are evrry day produced by that iliuHrious 
aflembly ; and which eurJch their collections, a^ (o many monunieDis 
of their accurate experiments, and public endeavours, in order (0 ihc 
jjrodu&ion of real and ufeful theories, [he propagarion and improve* 
meot of natural fcJence* and the honour of their inJliiuiion^' 

Whit a contraft to the vain-glorious declarations of fome 
of the ancients, tu iheir own favour ^ bow difFercat from the 
encomium which Horace pafTed on himfclf, 

Ertgi monurmntiitn art p/r/nniuj, &c. 

And furely if meritorious and fuccefsful exertions entitle any 
writer to fc^lf-approbation, no one can difpute the right poflcETed 
by Mr. Evelyn. 

Having, in the Review * of the former edition, given a cTr* 
eumftaniiil account of alt the improvementi which the Qo^or 
faad then introduced, we refer our readers to (hac account, and 
ihall now briefly mention fome of the notts added to the prcfent 
fcpublication f. 

We aie prcfented with an ingenious note, at p. 2^, voL t, on 
ihe analogy tcEwccn the eggs of animals and the feeds of pUntR. 
In a note to p. 63, vot. ii, there is an intercHing account of the 

• iwe vol. (vii, p, ^afl. 

f We mull obfunre thai the Ttrra. another treatife of Mr. Eve- 
lya'it is placed at the end of this et^ition ; which work we thail no- 
tice m the nextf\rucle, oo it has ijeca ft^paracely publithcd. 

K 2 fali* 

23^ HuoteT*! Edition of EveljD'i 9Vrt«, &c. 

falfi /fcasia\ ihefe we iniendeil lo tranrcnbe at length, bat tfw 
ckira^ would be rather too nuch for our nvrow ]imiit« lo n 
Tiote 10 p' 191, vol. ii. the Editor his given us 1 leirncd account 
oF the Hyffip mentioned by St. John, which wc muft oaic tat 
the fdme rcafoHi 

We cannot conclude without Acinowledg^ng, thit onr Editor 
has in every panicuUf fbewn himfclf equal to the trduous and 
difficult tiHc he had undertaken : in fele^inx frniA the informa- 
tion of oihefs he is careful, candid, ind judicfong ; hit own re- 
marks are well-founded, — propofed withmodeftj, and fupported 
with knowledge. 

Art, XL 7Vrr<i ; a Philofophkal Pifcourfe of Earth, &c. By 
j.EteJyn.Efq. F.R.S. Wiih^otca by A. Hualcr, M.D- F-R.S- 
4(0. Koval Faper, 51. lewed ; or, oa Imperial Papefj 71. 6d, 

Boards, Dodney, &c. 1787, 

THE Rrfl edition of this valuable freatife, publiflied hy Dr^ 
Hunter, appeared in 177S, — of which we gave an account 
jn our 6cth volume, p. 471. Tbis^rork, which poiTcflei avery 
Gonfiderable degree of merit, as, indeed, do all the produfUons cu" 
Mr, Evelyn, was read to the Royal Society ia 1675, and added 
greatly To the rrputition of that learned body, then in ita in* 
Fancy. — Dr. Hunter baa improved this treatife with notca of an 
u1' ful and pradiicjl nature, has enriched it wirh a neat engraving. 

the IfCRMOiti, which the Tccictiry wu accuflotrcd lo compoft^ 
ibftd vriAjt* uni^cr ih^difFcicnt cUfTrtol n^ttiral r<ci«nct, acoord- 
io]^ to thdr rcfpr^tivc Cubjrclsi And ihi> Tupp^ffHon, tht cmiDcnt 
paivi ind [dkni«, ih~ prci:r6i>a iftJ pcrfyiCttUf of ilitf MirQu^t 
Dl C<»|tIX>ltCiT mult ffndcr a juft ffrillcr of rrfrct. Icdt 
nor betong eo lu to proi^ooncc oonrernin^ the rnioni all 
bj (kr nobk ftcmay for ihi* ali«mian | we therefore Ci^ntine] 
ottrrrlvn l<k the barr meotioo of the fad» which i«. ihjt fatnci 
Cotwird, tbe t6/gr%Mti»*i ihai 4f« addrelled to, and tde Ripwir 
■hat an rcid in ibc Aci^cmir, will W fgbtti(ui^d IW (he omittoi 
Stmmofitt^ and ii it in thit nrw fotin ihir the tiiitr^ijr ct iJ 
Aca<^e«ijr will appear for ti^tc TutuTr, Thu alkritioji wJl malnoi 
DO changt In our vtetliwl of rririrwmg ihU ftork. at we intrndj 
lo (O on, at wc hate hitherio donCt cahtbiiiog ihe iAtmtmi 
not in tlw M(]i:i in which iT>cr lie ui the woik, hut lo diflini 

VORX« r«l1l?fTtO TO Tilt ACADSMV* 

Taia Article ts very ivcicre; — it contains no u>ar4 ^rt^crlf 
ftj called. AH thii we find In il, i» ibr nmirt of a di^riitkifl 
on > J^m ft^AM I but thif wt deem nf faOi^icat iiDportaoc* 
to be cuHiTnuniciiird lo our rcaJci^, aa being the fiill^fruiti of a 
t^mmdHim^ in which chenitcal kience m ioiqedtaiel^ dtrc^cd 
to the pur;i-<fca of huoiiniijr and pubLc uiiliC^. The cafe ii a^ 
foltofft: A vrofihjr citirc:>, who ^aa concraird hi* AJmr, ob» 
Icrvipj the gfcat number of tfadei, jvouIGodi^ ind uieful artf» 
«*lM>fe cxftrifr^ b^ i)w tnrafii w^ih whivh rhey are carrird oft, \$ 
defif«£ltiic t^ibc hcslth and i^ften to the Jivaiof thcp^ronicflk* 
pJoycd in itiem, prpf^nted to the Academy, in ibe ytar 178^* 
tbc fvoi kA itfOOO livrcii 10 form a fund lor an anoval Piise* 
qneHion, reUtuc It' the bcA oiethod of F9ndciii>g the cxerofa 
[and opeiatiooa of thrfa p^of«^ioa4 and arti, Icii unhcjlthy anil 
Ic6 dangfltouA* Tbc Academy a<ccp;eJ, with ttal and appl«tt(<r, 
thu huinane prnpa^'al. The fum wai« with royal cOofcnTr con- 
vccud into an ann^iiy c^i rnr Ijvca ot ttic KlNO and the Dau* 
TKitff and ih« yeafl) proiluct 11 dfdinrd m piy f.v a medaL 
ifhich la to be ad^ud^ed* rnjiy, to ifaa b«ft Mtm^r^ or the mov 
faii^^oiy eitprnrnnM, (bit fhafl be prclcnted to ibc Academy 
on ihc rubied already n^niioncd. 

The fubjflCt of the (\tii Pf zc-qut9io«i« wtkh itw Acadcmf 
pf opofcd was, yp seisin iht neitift amd i^Mfn a/ ih itiji^tt Al 

III^K^ aiLDakI, W'L^ GU1> AY //.« FtHB iMi OPT M£TALd, d/< 

ui^r mtti^tsikindt A£Mji f'iif di^(eu 'I he medal was a<d- 
jndo^ to a Memoir, coaipoM l^j \L HctcitY Albert Goass^ 
of G«0fiYa« 

R \ cutociiv 




The deccafed Members of the Acidctn^, whole Eulogiet 
are compofed by thr eUiquent p«n of the Learned Sfcrctary, arc 
Mf iP'i. Hunter^ EuUr^ Bezof-ty ^AUmbftt^ Count dt Trtffan^ ind 
M IVatgtntin. — The firft of ihefc ifl too well known at home lo 
rencirr nrcc-JT^fy, to a Bniiffa reader, any infornnation that can 
be given of him from abroad. Of the fcArid, we have already 
^iven an ample account, from the excellent Eulogy of M, FU3I* 
Noihing maierial appears in M. Con^Dorcet's Eulogy, <hac 
miv not be found there, thongh ii be a mafterly produ£)ion« and 
iTi2y have fume peculiar fneric in the efteerrt of mathematical 
readtT^i : but Chcrc are many iniertfling lines in the perrunal 
charadkr of the greai and good Eliler, which ihe Seciccarjr 
has nrit ileenied worthy of a defcriptton fo full, as that given 
of ihem by M, Fuss, and by us after him •. — The Eulogy of 
M, Bezuut coniains nothing remarkable. — M- Warcentik, 
Sccjtury lo the Swtdifti Academy, and menibL^r of all the prin- 
cipal literary focietics in Eutope, was, ind«d, a man of very 
CoiJiJeriible emmence in the leirned world. He cuhivared all 
the fcjencfe, but flione particulajly in mathematics, and he ac- 
quired gre^E rr-putatmn by the difeovery of (wh^t he railed) the 
trrpiricaf cquatkits sf tht jattiUtti of 'JupiUr. Count Tkessak^ 
who wrote a litdc tffuy on EU^rhiiy^ and a book entitled, if** 
J^eAtuni fur FEjp'itt fur ibc cduca'ion uf hi^ children, wa; a man 

yf wit and nleafure. Hi« chief Draife. in hr« EuIa^v hi 


tJucitJon of br9 child, and for bis future fubfiflence i^n a Rate of 
dfe tnd independence. 

He receive(j his Hrft educaCioQ in tfac CoiUgt of the Four Mr- 
ifM/, «inoDg the Janfcnills, where he gave earl/ mirks of capa- 
city and geniui. In the firfl yt^r of hfa philorophiCal Hudiei, 
he compofcd a Commentary on the EpiflU of St. Paul t& tht Ro'^ 
mams, and thus brc;an as Nevjton ciidrd, as our Author Jljfj ob* 
fervev. The JanfeoiAi conftdf^rrd this production ai in omen 
thit portended, 10 the party of Port-Royal, a reiloration to fome 
part of their ancient fpTendor, and hoped to find, one day, ia 
M, ^Jlrmiertf a fccond FafiaL To render this refemblance 
more complete, ihey engaged their fifing pupil in the fludy of 
the mathemaiics; but they Toon perceived thai hri growing at* ' 
tacbmeQE to thi& fcience was likely to difappoint the hopes they 
had formed with refpeft to his future deflmition : they, there- ~ 
fore, endeavoured to divert him from this Itoei but their endea- 
vour! were fruitJefs. 

Ac his leaving college, he found himfelf alone and oncoo- ' 
nc&d in the world; ^nd fought an afylum in the houfe of bis ' 
mtrj^. He comforted himfcif with the hope, that his fortune, 
though not ample, would better the condition and fuDfillence of 
that family, which was the onTy one that he could confider as 
his own. Here he lived, during the fpace oF forty yrars, with 
the greiith firripZiciiy, difcovering the augment^tinn of his means 
only by increa/lng d»fplayfi of hts beneficence, concealing his 
growing reput4tion and celebriry from thcfe honrfl people, and 
making their pia'n and uncouth manners ihe fubje^ of good- 
natured pleafantry and philofophicat observation, Hh good 
nuric perceived Jiis ard^^nt :j6Livity, heard him mentioned as the 
writer of many bool^ i but never took it Into her head that he 
was a gfcat man, and rather beheld him with a kind of com- 
pailion. '* Yeu will never " faid fhf^ lo hfni, one day, " he ernj 
ibing but et pbiisjspher—and Ujhat is a phUefopher ?—a fool, ivb§ 
ioiis and plagues him feif during bis /r/V, that people may talk of bim' 
wben Kii IS nu mor£<" When wc cait an eye upon a certain 
lee, or fed, of P hilofophers^ we cannot help thinking that this^ 
woman was no fool. 

In ihif peaceful and plain mansion M. d^Alembert applied' 
himfeif entirely Co the fludy of geometry, and he foun proceeded 
lb far as to enjoy the pleafure uf making difcoverie? : but this 
plcafufe wds Hiort I for, by confuhing writrri on that fcience, 
he quickly perceived, that Ihe rruihs of which he looked upon 
hicnieif ai the firll difcovcrer were already known. This dif- 
agreeable furprife led hJm to conclude (we know not why) that 
nature had rcfufed him genius; and thiii nuthin^ more remained 
for him, but to acquire the knowledge uf what others had dif- 
covcred, Tg this he wilJiDgly fubmitted, and was pcrfuadrd 

R 4 ^«- 


FoRKiiGf7 Liter ATURB« 

ihAt (hf ple^furc of fluJy, tven without tbe fame tcquired b^ 
djlcdvcrks, wouM [irove fufiicknt forhig happfnef) Thll ancc* 
dute our Aiiihor had from M, d'Alfmbert blmrdf, And he 
deems rhe morality of it precious, il ii ttrc^fa^ bt^ to obfcrve 
the human heart, fo near to ita natural pufity and fliDpUcity, 
and bcrfore it h^is bren corrupted by felf-lovd 

As M. d'Al£mb£k.i'$ fcirtunc did not far exceed the d^ 
ni^ndb of nectifiiy, his friends idvifed him to think of a profef- 
fiun rhai mi^ht enable him to augment it. Hl- accordingly 
turned his vjews to tbc law, and took Wml degrees in rhit line ; but 
fnoii abandoned ihis plan, and applied lo tnc fludy of medicine* 
Gi'Onjeiry, however, w^s always drawiiif^ bim bick to his former 
purluits, and, after many incffc^uai effbrr* to rcfift its attrac* 
tions, he renounced all views of a lucrative profeffioD, and gave 
himfelf over eniirtly to mathematics and poverty. 

In the year 1741 he was admit'.ifd tn^n her ol the Academy of 
Scknces, fur which djRinguifhrr^ ". ^' '•.-•- p:omiitiL>D, at fuch an 
eariy ag% he h id prepared ■ '■.; a jy i!y corre^'n^ the errors of a 
cclchr-i[(d Work *, which was deemfd clajjkal^ in France, in 
the 1 ne of geonie'ry. He afterwards fet himf^lt to examine, 
wiih deep aLieniEon and ^iTiduity, what muft be the moiu'^n of 1 
boJvt which pafTcs from one fluid into ?.noiher more denfe, in a 
<]ir<'4ition not perpendicular to t^e fitruct feparating the two 
fljid^. Eviry ont; ktjaws the ftli'jnnmenun, which hapi>era ii 

F^lftCK LiriKATUtb 


«n«thCij4f i|lfV:rai 13 af^^^ir^ncc, for racb probf ^ip ; bwl bs. 
RhiiniMn*, ib-tE ihck mtiJiiKlB dt$rr«i only lO appriTincr, ih^t 
ifacy wcrr. III rciftiyf l^ut ooc and ihc hmn o^thoJ, and ib^t 
lli» prfiKipU k^i>l« tn«niioficd l«y cDn<«><rd in thcfn^ thouj 
0onc h>*d bicri abk ti^fJircovcr it More M> l>'Af.r-Ml»rftT. 

pri0<^pk Ct< <h« ihrufy of ihe e^uiUtitLvEi^, jruJ the- mo6iMl d 
A^kJi ; and ^Jl fhr prot^mi bWotr folnd t* groiTir eric ram 
C4iprt in Todit mcifurr, iu coroUftrks. T<k di^corrry of tbj 
nrw pr ocipic v» foJIowi^d hr itaat U j dfh Ciifcuki \ ibc Inl 
Ifialt c* o/htcb wtr.' publiOivd m a Dwitrji ^m the i^t^trai Tifw; 
0/rAir/^id!ia 10 wtkb ihe pijrc-mcd^l wa> adjvJitcd, by ^^^ 
Ac»d«0ty o( £kiiin, in tSe yc»r 17(0, and vhicti na^fntw an* 
bnlliant addition eo The bnK-of M. D'ALlMaERT, T'lo rici 
r«r«^u1ii) «/ |)itna1 <til¥rrrnon bf applird, thf vcar lolkMring, » 
rt« pfobTem iA M\^Jtv-n^ chotd*, wftofc folutfon, ca wdJ u tl 
thvorf uf ihcofc(|tjTifj«ii«>l thr air and chc [mi^jj^iion oi ^Mundf 
htd b«en given bui tncc^fnpituJy by ihe Dccoieirtciin* vrho pi 
crjrd bia>, jocf i\v:U Wtt< b'A RuiWra oi bji nT«l». 

In hu dif«'>x}rfr Oft ibe iheM^r of Ihe wird», h« onlf coi 
^^Etd ih? tl^d <h«i miy be produced by the conil>^jKd jdioi 
of (Kc iPiytn KiMf o^ ilie fun upon ibr fiiid which furroundt ihtt 
«At4h. Mci« iht i>H<cl« of fail ioquiry we'e, EAc fDrqi ih^i tho 
irmofph^fv muff aflomr, tt eich in^Hni, in conlrqikmcc of thli 
ptiio«i, ih« foicr art! difediofl of ibc cvr^nit thai Ri«»ft rc(ul( 
fJKWi ir* Kilt the cfain^ti ilut muft be pjodtfoej, in (heir vetotitj 
And drcilion^ bj iht forcn o' lh« %*tii ntkja, which tqrroiif) 
tfic forfacc of ibc f^lt^bc. Jo the vCat 174^ ^ furiiilLr:d ji oic*- 
ihod uf >ni'jin|; h«» priAtiple ro the morion of «»t busy of m 
I'tvto £e<^ir, tnd he foJved the pfobSem ot ibc prccellpos of ibo. 
tfqtiiooxn, deictmir>rd it* ^luanrny, eipUiAPd tlit pbci 
of the owraiion of t^o rirrellnal »\ti f ^ mud tbm facjlbcd lih«(; 
Sir lr«ic Knurrm btd l«fi ineompieir. 

In ih« rc«« IT^I) M< »*ALEkta£ftT pobKflied * trtatife 
ibe ftf^latttt tff/uidt, 10 which be j^dtc the stodcft tnic oE 
£(^if fi ctxiratnt A rnoltitL>d« of otfgif'al idc« inJ new lA 
IrivAiiAoi, tod by it itK ihcQT^ 0/ i/kc iitOtio<i of Auidt j^ 
lenpth, rrtlljf fuhje^'d to cilcuUtion- 

AbMii rh« hm< lime he fubJiOfcd, to ihe htcmo\it of ibe Ac4< 
^mvy **t BffHn, Rifmttmsnfirmr'g *if hu^^ C^lffkl^s, wh^ch' 

• Tmi diicowfy of 9 rtTsr rAlcuIiu tpp«K<i necf flkry t^ the Aic^ 
Ct(«f*I h|>i)jKfti(oa ^t M- d*Ai.f mii«t'> pnaopJc la iht ilircry 
lilt c^ui ihrivtu BBd rhff mcijori <>f fluiJii UvauIc in ihc theory ol 
fldi^it^ At in rhj: uf Lfac mtHiop cf bojie* Ttilcep^bTc i,f cb.ince 14. 
iF^rEf fcna, r '■ IcJ <d ci^titkcB, Abich were not furniCltcd' 

liy ihf me'U.:'-- ._.:... liaoitr. 

t Di>co*ertd by Ut, JSrmdiiy. 

24^ Foreign LiTERATURer 

is greaiTy indebted to hini for (he rapid prc^rcls itlias made in 
the preflnt century. — Thus M, d'AlemdErT fhcwcd himfelf^ 
at the age of 34, a worthy fucccflbf of Newton, by folvrng 
the problem o\ [he preceHion of the equinoxes (a foluiion which 
h^^ confirmed, by irrefilLlble prooF, the theory of irniverfi] gra* 
^iuiion) — by puffujng, like him, che ftudy of the mathemtticai 
Idws of nature — by crratin£i like him, anew fcience, and by lA* 
vtrndngr, alfo, a new caUului, the honour of which difcovery no 
coTipetitor has ever pretended ciihcr toconlell ortoOiarcwich him* 
While the Itiidies of M, d^Alembert were confirmed to geo- 
iriftry, he was little known or celebrated in his native country* 
l]\s c;*rinexions were limited to « fmall focieiy of fele*9 friends; 
ht h:iJ never feen any man in high office, except Meffrs. (f i/r- 
-cr-'fr.:. S^i^^f^^d witti ^n income which furnifhed him with the 
ii<r{.\ llliries of lift-, he did not afpire a'ter opulence or honours, 
r.ux nad fhcy hticii hjtherto bcftowed upon him^ as it ia eafler to 
c-inkT thcrn on ihol'e \*ho folicit them, than to look out for men 
ixho dt-ferve Ihem. itis cheerful convcrfaiion, hi^ fmart and 
Ijvtily failles, a happy knack at telling a ftory, a fin^ular mix- 
ture of maheeof fpcETcEi wirh goodnefs of heart, and of delicacy 
nf vj-\ wjth fi'TiplicL^y ot manners, tendered him a pfeaGng and 
iiitcelTing co:i]pJnionT and his company, confequcntly, waft 
T.ii^ch fought fjfier in the falliionablc circles* Wis reputaiion^ at 
Ln"'h, in^idL a^ way tu the throne^ and rca^cfc^d bin) ibc ubjc^ 




nilk* of ill die br^Bchn of buai» kno«r)fd;f. ii, in our ofi- 
Qton, oncot' ibcmoft npiiAlpKHliifttonio/ vrbtch rht pliiloJv^bf 
of the pivtfci^i tgc cin boill. Nor vriii ie b« <J<rpuccJ» thti iSe 
niillrr.-b«il^/i of tn>K n«9 ind fttip^Mlout itmfi'/ cf fct«rkct, Joe 
tbcwortiipof Natukv, bid HirornUr in vtcw ibr t^r^no^ 
men* nf bumMn knowled^, ind ibe (mpmve«keDi fif tb« arli 
mud fHcDCrt. T^ii, no jm/, rw> caixiid ph4oiafb«r will ^a]\ in 
q^rflion, Biai (b^ff in ihc rjuur ^farf nf ihn Kmfrlr, thrrr w^f 
BcttfiMcvACy lormfJ tfr^inf^ >U ttioie whci 7ooktd hf^bvf ;h»n 
maitirft for ibc pr^ncip*! objfft of lh«ir ircnc;>tioQ lod ctw6- 
dencf , b 4 f«(5l loo pilpibTr, atf loo boldlj ivotvcd, lo iHrul Ik 
need of »ny proof i md if orpoftti<»D wn in«dc by friny gcod 
flffd Vrarntt) virn ta fbc viokeni ana v«n>iv^ diw^r^ <bii wm 
aiirirprer bct<jr't>i 'flipon ard pbil*»tophv, vrv ihink if laihrr 
unfaif, ih^t all oppoliiiijn u> fucb iti MtrirpT« frnm nhii«tcr 
9u>-i«r It CMittc^ &ooJd beiodifcfiminairl V ih^n*tirztii mnb ibc 
■diiMji tpp«tljiioviS of dvtrjdioii ac^J 04i]dtt. 

StHAf lime ftftcr th<t colrrtfuc or fcirtic« rf«r«d Iti bvid ta rbv 
dottdt* >ikd bcfirc^c, «ifh aq:borin-» ibr Utftuj mwUK M. 
D'AirMftFfiir pijb}tOMtl hit PMj^Mtf Hiflawk^^ m»4 thkh' 
giifii MiiitiUiria. Thcfc, fits <Hjr Auibor, lQcr^-4kd the oonw 
ber of Mt dtirafleri ; thai ii, <id ihotc wh^ d»d nof ibirilc lK«fi>- 
M*n bound to fybfcnbo icTpplotiy to bii ovinjwki. Hcfc dif- 
cttAovi i^ tift^n idtt^iilWd vith drifAftion Whit thru t^^^inet 
Of i§iiTath% and Jrtedom of iivqUiry i Ob V ibry ire tbe ricl»li»fl 
prF'-^Zfiirn of (Jftr pt^ilufop*icr>, «ho, like ibc learned Jadm in 
MeJi/r^t leU tbe ivoflJd ptiialy, tbu tbc firtt Uw oi their c«n- 
ptic If I 

Ktitm^^tv^A .ft Ttfprjr fut nnv^ ft tut Aut*. 
Tbt Miftfiimn vittr ic}]ow^4 Xt tbc A/rmf-rt ef CJ^ri/Jina 
QjKcr cf ^Atiieik i in whkf* M, p'ALrMitRT (brwrd iba he 
wrtj icquatmied wrih ibc naiurit li^hisor ininkind, and wit bokt 
ffM«rK to jtlkri tlivn. H'< f^'fj «« th* I/tUrmrjf 9f Mm gf 
Lffteti Wil^ i^lfjinf Ac//; ia Hani and Ofitt^ wotm.i^ ibc Former 
to tbr qittei, 914 it rtptjM (o ibeeye»orthr f^tihlrr thf v^TxnYttFi^ 
Ollbnfc (crt.fc chitif, »hich iScv tcirred lo OliL(^<v0, or W*(e 
proed fo wrtr. A lidv of jh( eimri hrjrirji, rynv dav, it^e Ao* 
ibor iceirfrd of h-ving r3ca|:|>vfai«d the iitip-^uiirr ol tbr prru^ 
ADdlhcfuhrt^inkin 'ho require, jrfwdd filly. If ht bjd a»JuifM 

M- »*At.rMBinr ^%yz vcy v1c);ini fpecirrrni of b» IfKTttV 
»b«!jti#tf m hi* ifa^JLthmt f\i <c*ne Tm^ p*ree» of 7«frivf,- bo( 
thde oreupftlioai did rot divert hcrD from bi< marbo-k'ic^' Air* 
dlt« ( for, aboai tbp faruc urac, he tnTrc(ir<^ ibr E^^kf^Jif wjifi 
4 rD^llitqdc o' CKcvit^ni iriictf 1 m th'C lior, and c<>«ipoltd hit 
Jttfitirthti ^ ffvtr^ mptfittsf Peimt o/ftMSj/f<m 9/thr ly^rU^ tn 
ttbjcb b* eaitied to a higher degree ol pcrccdlou ibc f^liAwfk ^ 



ihc prohhrn of the perturbations ef tht pknttt^ thtt had, ftrcrit 
years before, b«n prefented lo the Academy. 

In 1759, he publifhrl his £iVm/flfj 0/ Pj&/j!0/f^i a work n* 
markablc ror its p'-eciHon and pcrfpicuiiy; full of importuit 
truths, analyzed with fucb dearncft and fimpUcitj, th*t tbcf 
are intelligible ta thafc who are ihc leaft tccultomed 10 Kbftnid 
notions ai^d therefore ^djipted to geneial ufe. Such it the fub* 
ilaiife of our PancgyriiVs opinion of this work ; in whrch* how^ 
cvtrf, uu find fome (fncts, relative hoth to mcuphyfics ind mO* 
rjl Icjcr^ce, thdl arc f-*r from being admiflible. 

We fhould be waniii'g in the juftiee due to the Marquii &l 
C"jNDOiicEr, if wi; puffed over in filencc the fuccindi v"«; he 
^liuES u^ of -he pr^nnplca of M> d'Alembert'i philofopby, and 
Jii^, dJfcuJEon of fome cenfures^ to which the opinion« of thi» 
e:nincnt man fccm more or Jefi liable. This vitw ia prefcnted 
with ojici^mmon fagacity and judgment, and the djfcuAioo is 
€l r. fu^^t^J wah icrpaitialjty and candour; but the pa0ape is too 
lon^ f<>r our infertion. We (halt therefore confine ourielvcs to 
iot'.ic lincA of the philofophical piOure, and refer our readtra 10 
th;; WL.rlc before us foe aa idea of the vthoU of thiicxcelLcac 

Our Eulogift obfirvest ibal, by a long and affiJuous flud^ 
of niathematical fcitnce, M- d^Alembert had conrra£led a ha^ 
hu of bein^ iiltle ifHi^ed by any truths that were aot fufceptibla 





fT« hit rrducnl to > TnuU tiufliber of getih^ tnMlki^ «e 
firit piinciplci, aII thit we ^jo kdow wicb ccrumty >a ihfic loi- 
poftanE brsj^chf^ cf huGun kiuiwlctl^c. Pcrhtp^ t'ayi tinr Au- 
thor, be ti3» rcducH Kc* the human «uf«d Wiihtn tto fli'r«j)«r 
tt«h*. There »i ini^cciJ, no f^triafi in ibc cifc & and wc iJjre' 
to Kaiimiatt hit denMTtf, in tbii f«fp«A. 4t t vtiy coclUrfjbJfl 
fttMftM ; fince be mu iti bj Ari method, iitd vould k«d Kt^ if 
wc ttModcd biffi^ to partiil VEirw» cf rfJrVid.f, uri to trtf«t «ith 
iodiilcrcnt^, if ooi lo reject ituibs ot a bi^bcf uiJ more rn- 
pOTOnt ordrr dun (hofc that coitnc uniitr the jurJklrfiton of aU 
pcbr*! and f/'^f* t^rf>-klh, under the pretent that the terms 
which rxprcft mctipbiAcjl ind arural :dus, aic txjrio^rd iroot' 
^oli^ar Un^uJj;^! ^nd bave only > TJgue ind radcfcrmmMe nivui- 
jfig. Whit ibcn bccoorci of that oioul evidence, that high ui«J 
filhra£lofy f^v^itility^ urbich it the ooly guide of man jn ih« 
higbcft coAccroi of bnat«n hit >ad mo«iJ coodv^? Wb>c 
bccoir>n tii diftin£t, »nd even tntuitjve, noriont, fviEhthedr* 
<ltt&ve evidenCT ihii £ows Jrom ibem f They are iovoJTeit by 
M* D^AtrunrKTv imrth-^d of phitofophifing, indottbi^nd uo* 
ceraunir- tbe tnol) imporciet qucftoiif felatjre toibeba|ipiBeia 
of mudundi MeoidiDg to hia du^binc^ depend for tlie.f lofuikm 
upon vague uid jirbitvAff princip^n ; and corrupt men will rea- 
dily air^ji thcoilclircs of thii pcrntCfO«« d;)£tirne to decide thtfe 
<]ii<fti:)nB according to their caprice, ot thcir perfonil Tievrt, 
M. CostJOftCE'T fair[f and candidly av^wi 4II thtsi and nc 
mention ti to hit hcu»i>Ljr, (bat he hta not been blinded by cha 
pattiality of frwndfhifi in 1h>> aiaitcr, though he foftcns cbe ic- 
prnacb a« trell 11 be can, conHflrnily with truth ; t*d ccmifortt 
Dtntfcll by fone keen nd vtolant Arokei at Ibe prefamptiiQui 
dogmatifia that Call into the cootuary cicifCdie. With a\\ our 
heaits. We pml^fi neart; an equal difpteafjjc n-irh thrfe tvho 
pulouiojrcAodlCt and ttiofe who fnbftitutc a i^'dl vAit a whi/f 
In itfl plice. 

Wc paCi oirer our PanejyrHl'a Mcouni of ihc rcftntment thac 
wtt kifldlf^l [and of the difpum ttiAt followed 11} bf the artkle 
(vftftu, icicneii in ibe Entytiof^^H, 'J'be ftory ta old and Aalc i 
Ita ruhyefl 11 local ; yet, in the couifr of ibf cik.fiit<iTrrfy, tilenta 
V«M di^pUyedt *i»d incidcoial objftdi were cihibJicd, whkb 
gwc rife to litrcuHiont ni'>rc ^nerally inc^rdlif;^. We Hi^l 
<wlf obbrvc, (hat M. D'ALiMifiitr d^d not leave ihit 6eld of 
cocutifcify ttijh flying- ccluuis. Tbr cvoieflceniinly t»)t nei- 
ther lair nor fvccci«lul on t»H fide, ihojgb our Finc^jrjft b at' 
laofpiAiJ puna to^tJgurfc bii df Jtai | a ifiiQ,t ootuavfufll w^th hl% 
fvpcTinr* in batdri oi another kiitd, faiMft urai an auxiSfxry ja 
thii conccil; but as, io po«nt of caniuui «nd decency, he bad ' 
no repute icfi 10 lok) An J 4»be vreat^cncd lt>e blo*i cf hiaeoe- 
mtcsp by tbro^un^ both ibcm utd th« fpcfUcots into Ikt q( 





bughteff the ilTue of the war gave him little unesfiners. It fell 
more heavily on d'Al£MBERT, aodexpored him, ctcq at bomc^ 
to much contradidion and oppofitioQ. , 

Ic waa on ihia occafion that the (latej King of Pniffit offered 
bim an honourable afylum at hii court, and ibe place of prefi- 
drnt of his Academy ^ and wib not offended at hia rcfufat of 
thf-fc dJftintSioiLS, but culirvated an intimate fricndJhip with him 
(luring [he reft of his lile. He had refufed, fome time before ihist 
a prep ifal made by the Emprefa of Ruffia, to eotrufl bim with 
the education of ihrr Grand Duke; — a propofal accompanied with 
alt (be flattering oltcrs that could tempt a man, ambitious of 
titles, or defirous of making an ample fortune: but the objc&i 
oi hi! ambition were trantjuiUity and Audy* 

In the y^af 1765, he pubjjfhrd bts Dijfrrtation 0B thi Dtftruc^ 
ij'>n of the Jefiiits, This piece drew upon him a fwarm of adver- 
f^nes, who contirmed (be merit and credit of hia wofk by their 
manner of atcacfcmo ii, 

Belide the worka of this eminent man already mentioned, be 
publiAied nine vulumcs of memoi's and treacifes, under the ttlle 
ijf Ot-ufiulfi I in which he has foived a multitude of problems re- 
Taiivi: to albnnoniy, mathematics, and natural pbiloibphy; of 
which our PancgyriH ^ives a particular account, more efpecially 
r>r tri <iV which exhibit new fubjcds, or new metbodi of inveftt- 

Monthly Catalogue, Ir^iand, _ 247 

it frequentljr by witty jok» and pleifant ftoriee* He was ihe 
oaly perfon of the company who remained calm, and could oc- 
cupy his mind about other objcds thin himfclf; ihc only one 
who hftd ftiength of mind fufficicnt co give himrelf up to merrU 
ment and frivoloui ^mu(cmtiiiiJ*'—{Tbii h fomitbiag JUe David 
1^ Charon}. 

[TfuMEMOlRSwili l/i riviiivid In anoihtr jfrtUW^ 

^^ I , -I - — — — -- ^ 


For MARCH, 1787- 

Union wt^h Ireland. 

Art. I^' ^n Union ef Englsmi ^nd Ireland pr wed tn he prttBhahU ^^J 
e^ualfy henejiciat ro each Kingdom. Wich fupplcmtntary Ubicrva* 
tions relative Co the Abfenccei of IreUnd, poinrlng out the con- 
fiituiiona] MciDs of reinovjng Complainrst ariling from that and 
other Caufea of Difcontcnt- Ta which 13 a<t<icd, a Rrpfy 10 the 
Dean of Gtouceder^a Advice to the Irifhi to trade with Foreign la 
preference to the Briiifh Coloniea, By John Wifliams, Efq, late 
of Merton College, Oxon< 8vo. js. 6d. Kearfley. 17^7. 

THIS Writer la flrenuoui in favoar of an union between Britaia 
and Ireland, ai * general propofition, wUhoui fccmiiig lo bo 
aware of objections urged to iis pradlicabiliry , and }ic is rijual}^ 
zealoua in diHuading ihelrilh from any f^fTons to^^ard indi-pL'nJcnce, 
When a man evidcnTiy intend? well, ii is difjgreeablc to cTicck hit 
«rdour, bv telling hirn he had beirer leave the puhlicaiion cf fenii-, 
inent> to ihofe who po^efj more addiefs in iligelling and expreflin^ 
them. Evcrv honcft well-meaning man \h an honour to his country, 
and cannot fail of doing public fcrvice by incukaung good prin- 
Clplei in his private capacity; but before a fpecularor venturej to 
publilh his rhuughci, he ought 10 be well affured of having fome- 
ihing to communicate fufficiently important 10 challenge public at- 
tention- When two acquaintances meet in the rain, ii is very n^itu- 
ral for one of ihem to tell the other that it ia a wet day ; a iJmpla 
aflent to fo evident a po^Eion is given* without flopping to contro- 
vert it, and fo the matter endi. But it ia far oiherwile wh^n a man 
is charged eighteen pcnce^ and required to read Btty p3ge9, to be 
informed of matters that ke knew before. 

Art. 14. Confidtfations an the Polhicat and C-matrdal Cir-cnmfi&nces 
cf Great Britain and Inland, as they are connccUd with each 
other i aod on the moH probable Mean^ ot elfecting a SeLcli-'mcnt 
between thtm ; tending to promote the Inierclts of boih, Svo. 
3^ Dcbfctt. 1787. 

This Writer cniers largely into thofe obUdcles that render a t^gif- 
lative union with Ireland imprafltcable, ard Ihews the ndvaniii^es of 
a commercial union on fuch terms of liberal ei^uality as, coi^lideriog 
the t^o iHands as one cviended counrry. may ' produce from every 
put of ii the moil that \\% foil or jiuatioa a caf:;blc of aJTordlng, 


248 MoNTfitr Ca^aLoous, (UrninmhITrtaty* 

This can only be accompTiihed by 1 reciprocal inccfdiaftgp of con* 
modidcs, whi^'h are cither ihe naiurM growth of the feveral diJlri'^li, 
or the artiAci^T proifu^tons ofjudultrv, brought nearjy ed pcTrefUoD 
there : any thing that tendt to reflram ihii TrcedciDi of exchange, fo 
is.1 as it operates, ctjunterafl) the defign of promoting the general 
cultLvaEJon of locaJ advantages' He conRrms this doftrine by a 
fimplc iJluftration. ' U ever^ yard of eloih manuf»flurcd in York-- 
Ihire, [hould be i^vcA a fhilling as foon as it entered Lancifhire, it 
would produce a dcabie effeft prejudicial to both councriei ; it would 
diminJllL ihe demand for cloth in Lancalhirc, and therefore nar-rov 
the Vorklhire market, and fo far ai the rcRTainlng confumpiiem of 
ctorh in LancaOiirc bec:ii7]e DecclTary to fabGlfencc, it would lay < 
churge upon every work carried on in thii county,' 

But the fond idea of equality and independence, wiilifland) acoa- 
formhy ttirh our navlgarion-a^, and acontribuiioii of revenue, until 
fome expedient can be invented, to fecurc ihofe indifpeir fable objefb 
and at the fame time cheat the devil; which we never fcruple 
when we have a good end in view, to cover a fraud apon one ivhofc 
pan is taken by nobody. Our Auihor, under the inRuence of ■ 
' liberal policy/ would leave thcfe grand points open to the difcre- 
lion of the Irilh legislature ; in ful[ conlidencc that their nrifdom 
and generonty wonid operate with afZ the force of obligation, W€ 
hotitllly conftfs, we never faw cnufe 10 jufiify any reliance on poli- 
tical generofiLyt and Icafl of all, to expert it from fluctuating bodies 
of men ; if, therefurc, any hazards are to be incurred, we are cor- 
dially difpcfcd to leave them to the Ihare of the per fonage before 

MoNTnLY Catalogus, CimmfrtialTnaij. 2+9 

■ncl onder a perfutfioo of th« foondnera of cheir maxipii, oar Author 
argues cbac they oever ought to be iricd 1 dtltnda tfi Carthago ; but 
hai he fbrekiKiwledge at con^dcatt fuflicieni fo point out Carthage f 

When he argues upon the fuppofitiooi that under thii treaty it 11 
' agreed, that neoceforth France fhall be at liberty to eitport BritiHi 
manufaftures upon the ^n^ terms with Britain herfelf^' aad thai 
America will be fupnlicd through this mediuin> rather than by a 
dirrfl intercourfei it 19 imagined we need not enter farther into nU 
commercial reafooing againfl the mcafure- in brief, France U 10 be* 
come the general carrier of Brttilh manufa^urea ; our arable land ia 
10 be converted to piElure for the raiting of wool t our ploughmen 
and failors are 10 dwindle into manufaduren ; our navigatlon-aft, 
according to the fa1hion;ible parliamentary phrafe, ia deM tpwaj ; 
and the greatncf) of Britain it no more ! 

Art. 16. jfn Jppcal te the handtd Jnitrefi of Grtai Britain^ on the 
Operation of the Commercial Treaty with France, By a Coun- 
try Gentleman, Svo, is. 6d. Debreti. 

Under the charader alTumed by the prefent WritcTf he dedarev^ 
that however liberal the principle may be, that fuggeHi an union of 
intfrefb between manufacturers and land-ownen, it is an uncontro- 
vertible fn& ihai nature has fet an infuperable bound to fuch a connec- 
tion. _' For while commerce can RouriHi but by throwing the taxes 
oa the landed interetl, ii is impoJing too levere a talk on hunaaa 
fraihy to expeA that Ihc will wiUingly fubmit to a fair pariicipatJoa 
of the public burden$/ 

It pafle£ current indr'ed in common difcourfe, that all l^.^es fall 
ultimately en land- But we do net underiland how the landlord, 
or raifer of a raw mat-ria^ is injured by a duty paid afier it hat af- 
famcd a new form und^r the creative hand of the ariifan, Manu- 
facture h necelTary 10 make it marketable, and provided the tax ii 
not fo heavy as to defeat its purpofe by reducing confumptlon, ir ii 
ultimately defrayed by the confumer, with a profit 10 (he dealer for 
the advance. Our Author complains, that belide what land-ownert 
contribute jointly with iheir fellow fulijefla [ai confumers], ihcy la- 
boar under oppreGion^ JpecjJically their own, ' ariling nearly to the 
enormous amount of half the natioiial revenue/ If then wf accept 
his own calculation, and with him conlider the body of the people 
as compoffd of two ctaJTes, land-owners and manu^£lurer»| it ap- 
pears that, at leail, the Tatter * fiibmit to a Fair participation of the 
public burden :' and farther, that t^ey raife it by the mere force of 
pcrfonal induflry, and not as the indolent claimants of income* 
growing from hereditary property* When our Author aHerts that 
ibe Arf) principle of commerce is monopoly * i it may be hinted, 
ihat there arc not wanting philofophical politicians, who contend 
that the monopoly moll injurious to the interells of the community, 
is that of land. Leaving fuch points however to be adjufled between 
the country gentleman and the manufa£lurer, the tendency of thi< 
appeal is to ^cw, that the commercial treaty will be the deAruflioa 
of the Brltilh corn diflillery ; and the HoveHng-a£l is defl;ated 
by * a general invitauon to the French cutters, luggers, and all rhofe 

* Pamphlet, p. 13. 
Rev. March 17S7. 5 ^"Ct^t 

Monthly Cataiogcje, ComnitrtUl Ttm^^ 

other v*fl>li, which iFEnjlini, wonFd 1>p TmTnffdiawly confifcatpJ, tO 
came and «xerdf« tb&ir trodc on ibc Engtilh ccaft, without a ftar tff 

For his owr caIVi thr Author adoptt Tcvcral fl^tcrncntj made by 
iottier opponent* lo ihii incalurr. to fKciu ibrrt It vnW cpcraic maic- 
r^]^^ to injure the rLv^rmir. He add&, ' It Im been urgrd* that rhis 
deficiency wifl be made good bv the incrcafp of cuftomi on Frencli 
gooda ; but let ir be reLoFle^fd, that EhJ5 incrt^fe of coUumi on 
French goods car oti!y be obcaiocJ by a proporiionable dccreafc of 
Excire» Dn diir uwr.' h fhoald alfb be rccoltcflcd, that unlcfs we 
ar^ Tjipplifd 4vi(h Fffnch goods on ihc termi Ajggeftad by anoilief 
Writer on the fam* fide of the quelHon •, we mutlgive EngMOi gcioHs 
in exchange hr them ; and money accruing /ram an ejcccnded forcfgri 
trade, will on all hindi be allowed to be at kafi u acceptable ai tf 
raifed by excilei on iiiC^rnal tonrumpiian. 

Of the whoFr, the writer deems the permarjcnt itucrrni of pro* 
prierors of land facriRced to immediate commerciai views, ' by [hi» 
new fancied treaty, ihia ill-begocien, uadjgeiled mafB of abfurdity 
«nd comradJAiona/ 

Art- 17- Senriiiiefiti ek tht httrejis c/Great Britaiit* With Thoughtt 

on the Po]i(jci of France, and on the Ai:ccDiaii of (he Lienor of 

Hatiovfr ro the German League. 8vo. is, Robltin, &c- 

In pointing out v^hat be rTcema the true rntere1}» nr Britain, ihia 

^Viiter Ut by hiG ovvn account, only amufcng bimfrif in v^in effbn« 

lo t^m d rnpe of fand : for to ishat t^nd do wc oppfife the aggratidjfC' 

ITU nt of ibe hcufe or" Rouibun, If all \\\^ fccpirco iei Europe arc in* 

eviiiblv doomed to fall (aio thnr htridW Under fuch a fataliir, 




vffefind opctaiwns m^y be iu^gcilcd thin are pnj|]ofed in the tbovc 

Ift fbi< ftd tinnioti. ihe onl^ eonlhlition In t^r vim !<, lo tie ^^ 
/.^ fvitloA<d up ■ and ihir indeed ma/ be hoped From xhr liifle prr- 
fifni ibarn of our fccpire Up^ne lo France Cor ^ml cf i tfriiifth 
hand 10 leM ic. All mcj/uru u? yoVicy under Tu^h in imp^nii^g 
htc, c*:i be oolx farwMDpar»tY benefit : and we xrt lofd, ' ih*i nt- 
rure hai br^a en leA oASrioiTt in iinp|jinr:ng i Utnd of rnmUv in i^e 
■HtBtnl or«jait«uon of the inhibiEinti {i, r. of EnvUnd and j'rince) 
ikan ID aaapiio}* ihfirKrriiorkt lo be id 4 lUce ofwaffire vii^ eMb 
oilier/ Wc And ikTJc, (h^t natvic h^ befA »4^tkiu» in V'orkinit 
up a ar^nul ancrpj^hj ii ihe ^junur4i lo ibcir ncJi^hbctmi ib4 
FrtTich i for—' ai ro any oteniion of wrriiory in that ijmftcr. i*"* 
dtfcOTtltnc Jifpotitionb of* the peopJe ol ibe EwoeotinSfiei r^en) to be 
KB onUf noun [able cbflAcIe (• it.' Ai therefore like cauffi >'^ ia;^^'' 
(o*ni lA their cfirdi, irt hevt ihc cooiroft of perceiving fit wnlor- 
movnubk in oLftAf k ta ihc French doRiioloc ftretching ever (b« 
KHtiSi Cbinrr^ II 0¥(f (he Pjrtdcei. No daji^cr ihcn «*n adfe 
from nwTf^y (ra*^»ng wiift ihe French i fo/ not lo inftft on (here 
bcTftg *rr> lillJe /ricnJDiip in Crndca i <CRiarrciat tnicrcoUTfe <irtBAC 
tiHtxy \i:kt*tc\ nrncd organiuuon ! If out AulKoi iliHikci ihe na- 
tmr«l lorerriKti f/cm liii own principEe?, he nijlu ficcly hnycefl' 
JojeH current noTlont m he ruond ibcm, wiihout rmlfnvovriag w 
form A rrllcm on (ben. 

Tcfte boiprfor cf Crrmffnj U the power whh whom h« reeom- 
jpco^i %n ultwiCe £D baUnce the in^umce of ibe birufc of Bovr^-ofi- 
But if France i\ Cv powerful by fci. if ber commerce it fo cj(iinf|i>'et 
anil her maoLifidcr^s in t\> improvlcg a Haie ai i; ri^prefenud on lht» 
oecaliont xvil] cur lefkiril to trixie with (hem ehe^k (he progress Ql 
(heir cxiftinp adiontago, ncd <lcpreri her w>oiir «ift»ei in all poinn F 
If (her ^ill a^''! vbiL arc «C to do ^ Jf* at :he fame time, Prancff 
olFen ui her uitikx produce in crcbajic? fu." out munufa^urci* x*'' 
whoher we ronfenr (o the eTChinjeor nor, a irry indmiie cfAn^ 
deftine intfrer>uffr of thii nature ii Mvertnpl^ri cirried on l<eiMv««Q 
ihe rvo coottrric-i ; vhac are (be djAatei of common renfc on Tvch a 
eicw of the fijbjtifi P Tbii A^Tl^of decUrei^ ' thi: theprercnt ireAijr 
(■nTcft oivrn^ tncreTv to '^atw ofintctle^ md idformationj bta/i th« 
flrongcft rt^arat of hAvtajf been ndvifcd more fa the purpcifr of le. 
enrinf; n fW vcoal voicei to parJirnietii, anJ Ibe app1aur« of th« io- 
KreAeJ anJ iocnnfideri:*, than for the r«al g«oi of Uiii ccurttry.*' 
$«ch rindom iirctiipeii ire eafJy thrown out upon any i^c^Hoi^ 
»ha(e<ef, ha*c cio p^nkulu meaning, ^nd rrqui'e no anfner. But 
ibe Frev<h sre fcirii'yiiig Cbrrbu'g^, which wotiLI be una^^riTit^ if 
thjty iptfnded p^rpetuaJ pe)C« : snd what ffo ve incrnd h^ Uren^U* 
eiii4if; Portr»oaih jcd Plyn^oath? No far;her nnfiL^or it vc^cfliry. 

Oil Auitkor bii;My difapprOita the iL<cefGon of (be bloAor of 
Maoovci ici tie Qcxmn iTajcitc ; but hi[hCbt enter iii^ iBlo lh« nr- 
rtti of ibii tranr^^lon* w^ cmror arulij rFHurltiti^ the pofioon he 
idvi*»^ nt ihe Ttft of iTi prnpflery. * The fime momrch ii rc|yBlJy 
ibe forere^fi of iriaovtrinok -iBd firitooi ; t^ey are bocb hit people i 
iBda« theTditei zrcaly fucc4 ihc former iri number, ind tJieir tef- 

y it f^ltottt, ihacihoa^b the 

liloty i> p^-»porttMtAlly 

5 I 


2^1 MoNTflLT CATALoaffE, CsmmiTaut ^fiaiy* 

Kii^i* fhould even farrificc :He immediate itiiPTcfta of Hiiii>*'er, jn \f 
il 13 bcacfic]«l (o Bntarn, he ttcuU llill h^ purf^iing ihc <ondudt of 
a pliilinihiopill anJ father of his pcopfc^ Iwcaufc adiny for the ^fcr* 
ral benejic of hU fubjffls/ If ihis Lie whoicfumv i1o^nr> il will 
apply tfqui!ly to SLixUnd orlKknd. Will i!i* Author follow it up 
In cUher caie, anJ atjJcrtake lo convince the lurtcrcfi > 

An. ]8, A Lette^/rem a Mantkeftif- Maiiu/aif''r/r lo ihc Right Ho«. 

Charici J^mci Foi^ on hii Op&ilition lo ihe Coiamcicibl Tr»fjr 

Willi France, flvo. td, SiockJalc- 

Meirly a loofe g^nn^jl ipprobaiion of ihc iruty, ■nd an rxpof1u4 
Ution wiih Mr. Fox for Jcfrriing l^r manufiduren, whoft ciufr he 
crpoufifd during the sgicailon of the Jrifh (r»iy, yet now mpU^yi 
faimftlf in Dufc^fonfihlv fcvivin^ national jeiloufic^t aad induArioBfljr 
ilrcubiiug publj^^tioQi iii oppoljilon to chcir in^crelb. 

Alt, ip. ^fl j^^ur/- 10 ihf itm^Ufe Jave^i^tuhw vf Atr. SJtit^' 
Treaty". SwD. \i. Srockdale. 
Thri IE a £r'r/~, but lb far as cati he jadgeJ from compBrifen , ayii 
^fif^ver eo the pamphlet referred ro, inclaoiog alfo t'oaie ^ri^urri oft 
ihc " Vicwof [fic Comraercid Trcoiy f/' The AtilHor (hcwsj by ft 
con trad of oar ccmnirici^] d re u ail! a nee; at the refpcftlve dmei. tti 
argmrenw drartn (icm the flate of our iradr above s century ag 
mull be in a great mcafure inspplJcahle to oifr prefent firuiiTon ; air 
thui the caliulaiionE foTmcd to fupporr fuch argumenE-, arc £ro<4l 
Ppif-ftatcd. The j'^mlior of ihe Uitcr of there t*o parnphkji hfcvje, 
mentioned the aiccmpu of Charles II. and hl^ wcdk broihcri lo op 
a irade w\\h I'jzna ; it is replied — ' th^it trade had b^ira open fro 






MovTiitv Catalocui^ Omrvir^iaJ 7'ruift 35J 

fbr ^*obv, would bff oiulprrold in evtfy mifJcet by ike poorpfl ra* 
69nt in F.srfpr, ird H#r fup* rioriiy would be ovuihrowa b^ ihe 
InJI roimiJiz^Ttf of hff livtli.' 

H< cDfi<ruJ;i ibiih ■ virjdic4tloo oT the m Ji n ufi An reri, wlio in 
tktr oppoliLbG to wh«iaxv«dlrditic TriOiprtipolinoni, were fap- 
poUfd Id bsTf anitiied chrmfclvei t<t a parry; lar tvho arc ncvit mfr* 
nkmlf cbarj^d witb dttieniog iheir former principle* lad dtc)u^ 
vou. ' 

An- JO- Jjttft fmMi^if^ tfikt Frfti Trtatj, fron fhe Cli4f^ 

bra^i^kc x»]nfl 11 U a hit Pamphlctt aniiilcd, A Vkv oF ib« 

TfCJUX cf Cofitmcrce thiih F^tDCe, A^ncd ti Vtf6illc«, ^pt. li, 

1786. br Mr. £>ifti *. 8ro. H. 6J, Siixieddk. 

The psnpAtei hzrt irAai^ttri^ nn. borr rf»rach formMitilf ip- 

preriace, at ro )pid m 10 cipfd, in tnUtr in it, if^ciul Jtfrnce »f 

iH Cf«i(y- Hating, howewr, aitamrJ that di^InAi^A, tic lotk M» 

praporiion«bljr eafr, an4 the Sh«ic ViniicaUTi <acoD»;i-ri U Tcicccf- 

fpEfjr, wtdi tbv ornaT And vbiiaui fcplk» 10 Cio-h vgum;ati n <rtre 

raalntiinrtl V tLc aurbcr bt the Timv, Jlcc. 

Arr. 11. Th/ S;uA </ rht Rigir /AflMr^A^ milium Pin. in iW 
Houfe of ConiBtorit, FcbruRfj'ia, IT^?* in a CommttiM of th# 
vrkoie Hou^c* locoiiJer of To cnucbcfbia Mjjdlr^ ^^^ erKiooi 
Cpcecb 10 bot^ Hotiffiof P«rJdRic<ii» ai rcUici fo the Trcity of 
NtrtKtliiJii flii4 Commerce bviirrcB hti U^cHf «44 Uxr MvJt 
Cbtifinn King. bTt>. 11. 6J. FauTJi^r. 

The grarrii pomFi C^nfidrfvil in rhrt vpry ibf> vnd Ot^t^t^oiy 
fptech, %\v^ been aJtci^y <tf;%ili»d iit ever^ peiiodiu) vehuke of 
UKfll£<ricc. Thofe lul^o »irA 10 fe« it u Urye, wiM ead dl the 
populvr objcAJvci brixi^^i Mjjaind \l^ irtJijr. 10 (lie fcixral piiu- 
phUu publiJhrd on Eiieoc^aC^o, bcre ilaied, »d brkiiy jei fiilly 
Aafwerr^: f<* th>l ihJi ffwcci may b* nffirmH ro cocttprrhf nd acom- 
p!tM view o^ t^ti greiE oati^nU ucdtftuking. 

An. i« Pu/^t r* pHf Hitt^jT* AhmtmMi fit tk* Y««,r 1787. 
Pfinied nt E'biUdelp^ia, aftd fuld u ufiMl 4t the ipp«ietcd Piece* 
ID the d.^cFcni Uoi;til 6tai»: London repcinicd. from « Copy 
jaA fecviircd /Irooi Ancrin ; and lold by Drbiett. %\9. fid. 
Acf pnaced at FhiPidelpi^iB, wc mty veniure 10 pfonodo«e- — The 
^Irce i» nanjIHtr^ of A««Ttf i»aH/&4*r/A >n^ it inEiftdei a« sn aEOpIc 
en tbe cvniRicrciil (rr^iyj tj wbxh, XisordiDj; tg tbc A^tl^r of 
ihi* jinti-iniuirurUl fqaib, ' Fiauce m\i\% hi ibeJitA luilAace, aigmr^t 
aftd AfiieiUA in a iccotKlan liaj, /y^^d. i^at in all trsdc h vrty 
liv<«ir>rji > tr^tli»g e^t/aii' and lAn aE eh« «jpfa(e cf 3ri- 
CitAi ib (cnlo^ueiKc of live Eong^crediii ubich :iic i^jli b* d/iMc in 
10 |:ive,— * w ihe greater eiiieiwc t th« bsittr.' H«n<e. tar> tbU 
preccEKJcd AtMti^^a. ' a irjiiait iund mt* ti? CfCMcd iri Fi*ncT tad 
Ant-tic^ toTf^naich ■ill enable boc^ CDQncrio to rcu cticir tr^cSi 
in fbrei£« ccomerce, in pfoporiktn at old bnghnd, iKtir fomaaii 
riv«l, mod be ilrp^flcd — ' The Anthor enlaTgei, Ihrr^t^ty 

• S« R<»- Feb. p, t6g. 

f He tb^aki ii may amount to igt tnilfioni fbr P/aacC Jcf^i in 
6c r^'c1rc ycitri dvia^ which the irucy ii eo lifi. 


254. MoHTHtV CATALOOUf, Rajl Indiit^inu 

enougli in lomc plAc», on thh ^pneraT idea. In flyle ht ^c&i to 
ijTiiiaie the poinied Ainpttcit/ of Df. l-'raRklia'i " Foor Ki^hord i" 
but Lbe cop7 dicpa far fhort ofihc original. 

liAsr [ni>[G3^ 

ATr. ij. v^K mithtniie C^py of the CcrFc/pamftnci i» lutfi^^ bctWFrn ihe 
Country Po^ci^ aod (he Hon the Eall-indta CojopAn^ ^s Srrvsnis ■ 
COP tain L11J?, anrori^ll many uthcrt, (lie LfWvtt of Gov. Hiftiogia 
]. Macphcrfon, J. Sijbl«, E- Whu'ltr, Naili. MidJIcton, F«ncii 
Fowkr, Jinics Pialcr, JohnBriftow, Ditvid /^ndcrfon, Efqrsn Sir 
John Cummii)£» Gcncfif Siibbcri, Ciitortl Moigan, Mijors Pal- 
jrcr and Bioivn, ^4^, JifC, togfriher uiili ihr Minuter of rhc Su* 
prrme Council -it Cilculta. The whijk A'rming a CdHtflioa of 
:hc mod inlcrtllinr^ India T^pcra, ^hicb avjc liiid bt'u'f FitrlU- 
mcni in ihe Scilltin of 17661 8to. 6 volt. j1« i6j. BoArdi. 
Dcbreii- 1787- 

Thofirwho, from inicrcft or curinlTiy, rnikf wifii for ififormarbn^ 
with refpe*! to our poliikil and mjliijry mu'otvir/t in (he KaH lo- 
dic9, witJ here tPtiCE with abuad^nr pr^itiFicacinn^ fioin the liccrirf 
CO nef pondcrce of our leading people ^n iha^ p;jrt of rlic world, from 
177^ [0 17S6) including every iJiing itbij\t ro ihff charfrr^ againft 
Mr. Hailing*. To ihe 6th volume t^ ,idded an Taifjcn dofofy, ei- 
plaining all lh« proper n^mes of Esn-riidlan litivi, offtrr^, inaTim 
of revenue, military term, ^c. Ua. ihc uLiliiy DfvtJkicb ii rtit^^cicpcly 

Impeachment of J^r^ H AariMCJs. 
Art, fl4> Tbr S/rf(h £f Moftr Sratr, in "he Hoafc of Commons, o 



MoMTllLV CATAiCCOlfr PJil*Mi, 

4K(«1i webjtvc fnti in \ht i^rwrpapera, from nfjich. •*iU\ tma littl* 
K^nt&kms, ih? prcfcnt p<f ftjrmxit<c fccnu co hate been tvmi:ile*i* 



4". *7. -* f.tttxfftfi ^ tin Ptfirain lately d^fltinwfl in ft " S 
Rfvirvofthe Polilit^J Stat*, ftc." SvOh Lt. block<Ji)r. 
A fpirtCcd, buifiir and <afl<di«i, rc-mmcnta/y en t\e Sh" fit^fit^- 
TW pfcfcnl wrSttf's Aim ii, to Jo jMcc io ihofc gttJit thntaSltit 
vbich, he ii^^prrhrndi. liaic brrn injurmully ttrj'.rti by ihc RnJt^vffl 
ftrUtnlntXy (hoff i>f the P. <^r W^ th« Mtr^iiii ofCirn^iitthcat 4n<l 
Mr. Hiliinfff. WiiK rvfpr^ ta t^t K— , cuf Hvvr<>rprftikr prcmifei 
Lo «ir« U1, hcrr^tficr, * *n onpriil piiniinf- of him at full l«n^rh, 
i*d ctkrn from (Kc life;— Jcfi gauJv, pciJinpi, io 0*c col^crriP|{. 
tkao tJut of (he Yjviii, but unrubjLtattilr Jdincjidi. »'hi>fe pencil 
hai r«ci;mi]r KtnOai ihe f>ubTfc^ ; but i:<-ru\tt\y \ch imbiuuauflf 
Iktkied. IrA BniJrJrted, ud more abrolute in ihv chanAtriiuc ba- 
ttrpi likfti Riiifi^ the monvc^ md tt>fi mia/ 

Ai tfct Reviewer had MA up. fur var cWra And *dmirftliont tb« 
enifBOriJinAry charafle* of the Ute King of PruRi)> o«r RciiofpeAfir 
kiih dxi^vij 4 diflrirri pnrTrsii of rhic priicr; hut fucb 4i will by no 
(nridt awra^ ihe rltcem cf (>ocd m*o, oof extite t^^ *fmlrtiTinn nrf" 
#«r »>«, wh^ 11 not tflfily iluzled »uli the tJAfrl gliii«f of filCa 
great ficfj- 

11k coffntercial trciiy wiih Frince li Tikc^if? 4n objr^ of th^ 
fwCt^i writrr** aiirntion : and had he beta himf^lfthr piTrm, «r :h# 
ncgociiror of rhiimpufiirf, hrcouM fiot imvr Awth upon the fuhjr^t 
with tntKt rap'uKHjs fondn<'i> H* confiisri it ii the f*»ij'« ami 
' m^procuicn of bcnctiii and blrHlnri, th«i may br c-p»hd<J ffom 
rt&Io) m rc4lu, to a 'iegrcr never fuppofctj ttutitib^c br bum^n 
^cxtertiy^ be:uvrn Qjjrcm hitbcrro InvxilMy jc^oui* kulltle. and 
•Imoft Irts-rtftitf^ flgiinfl rich o<b*r.* ' Th*'*" ^^^* h*, ' thii ntTW 
and untried chanael fuy be opci^td^ we all powcrfiilly fpH ; — nor 
Onf/ for oomvtcrcjnl tdivitr. cnterpriu, «n<] indotir^, but for «U 
thccodcimj; ch«ri(«(i of lifci fur ^nucnUng tbr cvo 'onf; dit^ldfd 
bonds of pc«(e. for pJjifltirijE ^he immori:^! cMvc. at ibe p!?d|:f vf af> 
fcAJocij rn fiend uf the Canji^oiiiiry Imref, ai iFie fifcnbrif df 4nirp±Eb]i ; 
^for pnfrrtmt, through crntjr«t, ihf fprit and i^l 0< |*Dod-vilL 
iU»0*2^BfJt, w£o frit] lofc all the kiw And Riif?rtb> diLtin^^Uunt of 
diicrmt lan^i and Jaxigiu|;eii jwd fmile and prufpcr if> i^t loier- 
cban^ of goi>i ofVxt^ ;^cnbraeiar ibr tdtrrr At #iid nappinefi of £u* 
rO| e ii M 1 Ticirie-*jn4 fvrhapt AFthecivitiT'ffd f«rih:-~for whn «av 
prefuftt to iif ho* Fa^ ih< tit^f of tht> trfQty of uniirt'«l friend- 
Ottf and aiftiiy flm- extend ? Ii jrny prove the true ^«W t^mfaJt^ 
bouttded oaly, in i|> fL^TKninK iriflueKC, by favate M'* *«d cnn 
/iitf iimaygradaa^]^^ hDn:aE>]7e/*-AI)ihiiiibi;hlx^^''''-^> (ofay il^e 
leift E And BO Mft of iT. wr h^ipp, l« imf^f^S. Tki noil :k«fi-l'orr, 
good teader. for humfta'iEjr't fake, do noc proaoincr it sUct^t^irr 
'< ♦ftfo«i.7/' 

TfUi publiniion. uoor readefi hite (<tft% ta tl^e foregoing fhnrt 
nmftj, » vdl wriiien. la fomc pUcei, (be ftirlr icrnj ritli:' itff- 
^ and laboared ^ b«t the lan^ftj^e ii getieulljr ocntNtf^ jtnsmaced. 


Monthly Catalogue, PoUtUaL 

Arc. ;a, The gniuint Rcjieif; &f the PsHiical Staft of an unhappy 
CcunSTj, Hi originally written^ bfforc ti was mutilated by a Right 
Rev. Preiiitf, Svo. \*. 6d. Ridpcwji)', 

1 he celebrated " Short RcvJeV [See our number for Janoory] 
h here liafhcd up ;igain, and prefenied to lis as a new difli. The al- 
ici:tMons, nhich f^em very unfair* arc (o managed, as Co ferve ihe 
porpofes o^ ihe mofl Intfcerate malignity: the leading objeQi of 

\ti)ii.h jirc, hi) M , and the PrimcMinifler, On the other hand, 

the Hcir-apparcn: is highly favoured; anJ fomc of hii principal 
Jri^nds arc ililtinguiilLed a& ihe f\t^ charaAera of ihe age. 

Art. ig. The niiv Syji/ra ef Lihdling illufiratedy in a critical Exami- 
nation of a iate lihcrt Rfuifin^ &C- 8vo. la. 6d- DebrcEC. 
In this third jnfwer to the ** Shoit Review," thjic work ii trvated 
^ith great contempt. It is reprefcnied as an iU-tivrittin, and wotfe- 
ifiuiiJeti rhapfody ; and ihe great attention that hach been paid to if, 
the prefenc Anfwercr chieRy afcribes to the aJtonJEhment with Ahich 
tht^ Public beheld a bsTdy famliarifyt under prtttnce y*' a fpcculatiwo 
iVeedDm," p]jy with topics which dilcretton avoids, or touches with 
tiijiidjty and awe : For, adds he, 

" — — ^Foola rufh in, where angels fear to tread." 

An, 30- The Mouiinr; or, an Addrefs to the People of Great Bri- 
tain, Am«rjca, and fFeland, on the prefent Situation of Affain. 
By M. Beaty, Teacher of the CUflici, &c. 8vo. ja. Dehreil, 
&c. 17S6. 
It were to be wifbed, that Mr. Br^ty's attention were more cloJely 

rn^^^ed in leaching the clafTic^t than we may fuppofe to be the cafe; 


cvn w)^ nrrtprtfjy b« door. 51^1^' '^*' tvoiJ ikw f<M>l^ ifpoC 
iSici b(»: if liry ini»ft be, to CTMir r*p* U^\dt x%%\ OiaM bf mote 
ih«a ru0et<n( to ppy ih« iftiftefi. And P^itZr, To f^rtr flAcsix to 

i(Kcl£c«(i<iD S». »(<i^<ltTi|£ ii> ihc AutTioj't opjftio>, tEitifirvO ihe 
tatiion«l dcbi at lofl Tctcoij milLioct, aj>d ftiJt re^ulfci 1 very lu^ 


An^ 3>, jAi f^ M Agri/uhnrft with k riev to Infurtti Gtnckaifti 
«f Jjatlcd E^i^rif, «>«tlk«r Ihfjr Eltatfi Are aioiufed fo ih« 
frmcK AdvA«u{f, Bjr Tbomu S:«bch 8to- 6>. Boir^». 
ito^fbii. i7tf- 

ll wovld prrhapi br bapoy for ihe rrvublic of leiEen, if all 41- 
JhAic writrrt, u^niiA to frrvr >« i|>pr/prlc«fhip >< |trv»r««rf ; fo^r 
m thiic |« i^fy voiiEc be ob-,'ff«d to rr^iwhxt hid b^eft prcvtauQy 
■rrrtfcn on « fBl])c±i, bihn taty coannteccd ■uihon themrelui^ 
»J thai '.Ilct wdlJ ibrn not o-lf know ivhftt potott rr^jaircJ i*t be 
cfudJiirJ, but they irookl alfo tc, la miuy afft, faUy tnllrii6«l 
om (cap braR'fm of kdovlrtlgf, in u'hkh thtj mipbi othprutCr t« 
liciltf thfonned, snd b« therrby w«««flr«d frott trouNia|; (h« vorld 
«4ib their ova creJe >n^ inii£«n<4 noiioAi. Mr. Ston«, thou^b he 
icttat noi 10 be dfJtckitt in aaiDfal iilcnti, ippeAri to b*vc ^trcB 
JiiBife'f i'cr> If trie tj^-l'C (o cmiutjc itkit hj* Lceo laid bv otheri 
o« tJi« r«bj(4( be iavefifgaiei. Aod ihovjh we kJetI^ !>it kf* 
re»dWi£ it necefiuy 10 qcilirf > m^o to «Tit« oa agricvfiur^, ibtn 00 
ftOit oiber I'vbj^i, jf heKar x iu^\4Ai ftittd ^ /rjt/7it^J knawkd^e i 
fcf, ttjihotit A BicJtfAtc ^iir«c^ fetdkUff, hit ooii^Ai wIIJ be fu <c<* 
jiof^, and hii eip:f ^?ri will be To local, thai be Mill be undrrAnod 
oftfjr tn I ir fmall rfrck «h(rr fiKh wofdi are CMrr-tt. Thefe d«- 
ferta tre loobyuiti ip Mr. SEosc't book, (J»twe feir ic »ev«r cm 
be (rl Bu<^ frnprij hi[jliiy. 

Jt doca >ot «f pear ibti I'n^j Aarbor hu had eitlter much readiagt 
Of Vdcb ^rsJiK^t crpcricnce In affiicaliuie i iboa^h he fteA* to pof- 
ifi^ a iiEeni fi>r obrervaiion, uhich. if caftjtaml, oiighi be of nf*. 
Jnb» fceihTki en foeb, we iit« feme polniing iow»id« ceriaia ibeo- 
rift, ibat vrculd *it« beta better received a eeaiery aj>o. We were , 
an particuiar, gitailj Jvprifed lo Had. U ihe \^tk^t time, JoAg af- 
tff the naitfe cf calcairott mJSTjfci h;td iTrco lerj d»ucH y e>> 
plaLard ia fe«er4i vell-kJiouD publtmieai lu a^riealtare, thai Mr. 
Swnc llu>u^i ibia^l'iAblx jrtke afe of the leimt ia«riCr, aad f/jy, ta 
eaureiy fyaonyaou*' 

We do 004 incci w\ih ttiy thing r^ev in tbii crtatilei bui bji oh' 
fervaiioiu 00 lire adTanu^ri uf a (k>tk <A laEiIe fuiuble 10 ikc farm 
are mrrr out of ihc braiea irick ih>n ihe oiher paru of ir. Tbe 
prxbtaJ oiiefiiooa ve, in general, liable 10 00 ereae excepcieo. 
aad May be of efe 10 (ueif farmen, vbofe [de^i bare oercr yet 
been ntlar^d. T~c AiJthcr't ebitf aim, boircrcrr ia ihai pcffo^m- 
an<rp n tu tuiprefi JanJ^J gcnilemcci «u^ lu idea \if (Be j^reit im* 
pomr-^e of eInpl[^Tlng a Deirird, wbd aDdenlaoJa ibe proper aa- 
aa^emeni of an eiUec. Toih:! tbcme be frr^umtl^ r«t«rei, and 
^aJJb upo4 at wiib grm xeaf, a^ '4v Jj^^'e a^ hW^. Whence 


Monthly Catalogue, MtdkaU 


AC conclude, tli^l Mr, Slocc Hould have no otijc^ioa id be tTm^ff 
cmplojeii in l1i;ii t jpacity j and wc cJoubt noc but h* is fuff.tiencly 
quiiHJifd for difchargirg (he liuiits offhai office. 

TJiough ihe Ilyle of this tffiy ii rather loo low for criiicifm ; yet 
wc cannot Hc'p i-xptefiicig iHc difguil ihat we felt at mtedngt^ vrrr 
*/?Sjr, wiib ihf inlolcrabli: vuIgariJm which wc have fo frequently had 
occalion lu rcprchcridi -vftn ihai of ihc vtrb lo Ai^, inilead of to Af, 
This occur! in almoft cv*rjr pagf ; ind we do not rccolleft 10 hive 
ineiwjih ihfifeM/ord* in the proper reiifefCven*fl«, in ifiU performnacc. 
For the ufe a^ /tnh authrirs ^s atq unatquaitned with the CoiJioion 
principle) of Grflmmiiri wc beg Ici'rc to rcpciit, ivbai we havt; often 
before menliaacd> ih^t ioLy, preterite yufVp Hlwriyi meani la pur i6rviK 
objeft do*r, fo ai (h ■[ ii may temaio where ive Jiavc placed it ^^|c* 
/«— pretciite, /fly— means to pJacE one's Tell in a cuoibeni pofture. 


flrl. \\. ^ir EjFfifrim/JtJftI Enquiry iwf$ thf prf/'t'-rui of Ofiium, An^'m 

Efi'ecb on living bobjctb : being the Difputati*>ii w'hith gained (he 

H^rrciAn Priicforthc Year 178^. By ]oUii Leigh, M, D* Svo. 

2-,. 6d. fcwcd. Edictburgh, Elfioi; Lund^jn* Robinfoni. 17S6. 

After defcrlbing tht- whtdCr i»piuiii is e,iraOed, and the 

nsTioer 'ft ivhieb it U prrpafrl, our Author examine* it< conili- 

tacTitpartSj aud inlhCtfies a nuiuoer of *xpefim':iit5 to deierroinc iij 

t^ctit on living inimalE' IVr do not find thai he hu oiade any qe*iv 

nhfenarton^: \>h expcrjincnia iaJec^J jtic numtroui i but jhr concJn- 

EiofL^ drawn from ih^m unly fervE 10 coofinn ihr opiniaas concertiEp^ 

the propffrtiei and etfeAi of (hit powerful mediciTie, which tnoS 




kivc f*i!f J to r^liert ihe compUtni. Thu ^<Uy in ihc br^inniDc 
of scute diKaffj it, in our Ajihcij^s opinion, pmdodjvc of (hr «or3 
conre<fiirnc0t- If Dr. Ailair, by »hr preJrni pcrfonnwirc, IhouM bv 
luppy enough lo rcn^ve »Qy <3i che ditticudtfi umifr whtf^ ihe 
»viix«l AU u frdrnc bboun, h« will otKun'r (xcrit ihc lli4vka of 
iIkiiWc <cuLtrv, cfproafly ihofc of 1^c profrtlrDn. who, ilthuu^b 
poAHcil or^ gcniai ^ud Abjlilio. Iij||hl> Cbl[iviitr4 by xn cipcnAve 
mad librral fdaotiLifi, have ihr momficjnon of Mn^ igtattni f^t^ 
i««diii(F covctimbt vurklird by die CKrrcifr ^f ^a ut lo vbicfa thcf 

Aff bricAy est^lniniajT t1i« £lruAtfF« of ihe hi^rnAi bodf, «nd i^ 
iHiare of iu nm^tioiit. Dr. A^m po'inxt otit tlir diridmii^^vi mkdrr 
wlkK we Ishciur, ta jrijiJninjr mrdkjl knt^wCed^e tn ^^rirral^ bet 
cfjiK^UIt^ fuch ai ii nftrlTary tor the foumUtion of a i^rionsl pvac- 
lUe* In tl-r*- Mi«cnpE «t ^uttog a populip bcolr, our Author hji h^p- 
|uJy fucccc^lcJi fo't txccptioiE (hat ufcfut btody of mtv Uic jpnibr- 
uriti, on wbixn be huh pad'cd fotnc firiiflufes, crrnr cUlivJ rrjiilrn 
ml^ rc<«'T fUCTtJirmetjE, »I well i» inrufnurioo, fris;n t^p prrutal 
of ic i idJ tlip a«if<cl£*T«, SfC- which arr frcqu^nfly iniriliurrd, <rii| 
ifTYc to rrbrvc ihD uLCMiTff ttidtr^ whik thry cKpttia «ftd itluttfAis 
the fiiHrA' 

^t; We obfcrve ihj: tliii work. «» 4<K a* ibc Auihof'i Mrdit^i 
Camtimi f4f tti Ctr/Jirari^ ^ im/^t^M^ b bcftcruk&ily iiiieadrd 
forihebrartlol tti«£Ut3 Hoi^UtU 


AtT. j6. J# i?j[^Cf«r^ «■ *A# t'A «"^ DifhiiH if JltlKhmnat'. with 

a Rr^Kirf, Jec. By T. A. I'l^ctkHf. 8v^. M. 6J. rirldlflg. 

Th« AorhOr of ihi« ptcnphkt ii by profclETon aa arcomry. It «>- 
pcir« i» the Cftic, which h« rcpciu, thai hi; client wai ur^d^J Am 
16^/. lOf- en ti tsill ofcA^fi.ixive , inJ in Nor. 1:8;, Mf. Pkker- 
iog gave an uctlrrihkitig in hjuIn^ lu \Kt\ ui g<io(l bjif, irirquirrd. 
la th* oidftih of Jane 17^4. t tnorian wu nm& in ibecoutt cif Ctxit^ 
»on Pleat ^i^iJDJl Mi, Pil k'ring. vpcn an ^fSJavii I04C applkation 
bad brcft often muiie l> hini ic pui in g04>cl bailg put^unnt ;o hii u»- 
dfttakin^t bv( ihftt no biil was jwftified. The court friuicd ■ ruEc 
to &e« ca«rff why U< CiDutd not p*y ibe debt >nd cirfb. for dpi put- 
ting 10 bail purfusHt tn hti vnicriaicing ^ but tbii ruir *at tin 1^ 
iiexi d^y cpIiFgf4 eo MJchaeTmii lerm, wb^n no baiJ harioe jali- 
£«d, the rjEc wit RiAce aMofoEc agiinlt Mr. rk^criA^, sad he wu 
ihcfcty ordered M p^y the debt and colK: but ihe <ciurt a<f<iecf« (hii 
Ifhehtdjiiiv iloab: uf fbe Irj^liiy cf the pUiitiiiri demnJ. iha 
fiae mi^tr br tried by m j«ry- Noihing could be norr fait aV juft ; 
Mr. Pickering i-'id OM af*rft the ofe*. Oa the jytS Jiftuary 17*5, 
tbc <o<'t *rk)i J^fiia applied to i «nd on ?ih Tebfuary folfo-ving, it 
wa« feferred ;i> ih^ jftrig^iarj 10 fettFc the debt an J colb, whi:S viu 
e 11 <tii7 rtiok of ig^/. £1, :</. %fr. P\ikt/n:f whi, and, *i fecaii, ia 
T f»f cjitfiETn th*: ifie dawinfyfi nu>iitd be afTelTcd by a Jur;/. t uf ibn 
ri iho«£*ii wherwjle '. D-'t afitit ^"i^m. Ai uiii<h>t tnc tlTied 
agaioi Mr^ Pickering, wfio piid the moacy ro (he Ihviffr of l.od- 
doei, «ud iWy, by order of it <ovti. piid ;he (wmt to ibe pUmliH'** 

adioincy. 1 hij b t±it fboft Hue of Lhc p(octcdw^\, \rj «Vx*.V ^\nh 



/. iiLhor t^iniki himfdfpf^qneued. He ihinks it hard the juJgmenl 
t,\ ::,i* cour; ihould tiv ctriniihc, aad propofcs an afl of pariiamem, 
;;lu-i^ '':n .iDv^f*,! i?v wvli of error, the appeHanc in ihc mc^n time (O 
ln' li-jd ID b^ii. B'l in ihe preamble of hia ail, he reciicj, that 
ii-'/rj zf a-:ad':7icnt from courts of record for coniempl of ihc law of 
t!i? I.L'lJ, j^rLd ihule ill [ht; adminiHration thereof, have, by tong 
lif;:,-? nth'I cijil<>m» been approved, and arc part of the law of the 
TJ?.jln). Mr. Pi.'hring h, iliercfore, at variance iviih himfelff when 
Y.- ijvs rh,M ptfrfonil iiiiachnicni! arc repugnant lo thcfpirit ti^ Magna 
C'iarta, \\.-\i M <:;ni Ch.irta ii fald to protcil every individual in 
the t';o cnj'ymffit of \\(<;, liberty, and properly, unlefs forfeitfd hy 
ih^' i .<i^:ntiiE ul iii? peer?, or ri'e ia^w of the lanJ. He who doea not 
jvr^rni ;in orJtr of cuurt is liable to an atiai;hn>tnr, uhichiiiad- 
rc.\\\'.'^.tiihpB}i of ihtiii'^^iifihtreal^: andarioruic'. as the j- arc offi- 
cer- of [he cnui;, fcem, rt'jih good reafon, ro be fuhjeit to the au- 
thnfi(j crrnpLnud of. When an attorney uuuertakrs to put in good 
b LJ}, nivl for a yc.'ir nuc! a hall has not datie it, jullice lector to re- 
(jiiiiC rK;u he fljoulJ pay the debt and colts, for the plaintiff ought 
ro" U} fuftVr by hit del ly or contumacy. What good cati accrue 
fro;n an appeal hv wju of error i& not obvious, but it is evident that 
Jiri'^tnion, ^rcaideUj,^, and expcuvC would folio*. Mr, Pickering 
h^j iLu^iiIltJ liarLi, a^ he conceives, for the right of the fubjcft: but, 
in ^hrir o^ii cnfct arc not men apt to be partial i If we mull rejudge 
[!i^ court of C -mmtjn Picas, it appears to us that what they did wai 

f L' !1 f a:. TIAL J I' TiCE. 

At\. 17. E'Li-rj Fariiifr bit aivit taivjer i or the Country Genilc- 
n\t\it's campTflP Ciuule, contsiniJig pM The Afti now in Force;' 

Monthly Catalogve^ EJucation. ^6r 

t^e moral facalty- Ki> Tiugujgc b fomctimeA ttimld i h\it th» m^y 
he pardonable ia an Oration. 

Art. 39- Tbf Jfirerremjf of Comets, By Blyth Hancock, Teacher of 

the Mathemarica. %^o, 29. 6d^ Murray. 1766. 

■ This work contains a bnef account of rhe folnr fyllem, and the 

vethod of calculating the pUce» of comcii moving in parabolic or- 

bid. Our Author excmp1ific4 hia theory by caJculaijng fomc places 

of the comet, whkh is expefled lo rciutn Ln'i^S9. 

We are lorry to add thit ihe prefect, like « former performance 
by ihe fame Anchor*, muft evidently have cofl no fmaLl pori-oa 
both of labour anJ ume, but can at^'ord Jitcle afuRance to the tyrt^ 
And no information to the pro6^ieDt- 

Education, tf j- 
Art- 40. The Converjation$ ofEmilj. Tranilatcd f from the French 

of Madame [a ComtefTe d'^pigny* i^mo. s Vols, ys, bound. 

Marlhall. 17S7. 

The approbation and the Tuccefa which have attended ihe Tlicrarv 
produ£lione of the Comte/Ie de Gcniis hjiv^, *c fuppofc, gifcn birth 
to the tranQaimn of ihe performance before ui, Wf think fo, the 
rather, ai the Convtrfaiions of Emi^y ferm intended 10 convey in- 
Afii^ion» blended with amufement, which w:is ihe chief dcGgn of 
Mitdante de Genlis. TheCe dialogues are carried on bt^rween a 
young lady and her mother ; ihey are enlivened wirh little flcrrfe?, 
anecdotes, &c. and arc v:r:\\ adapicd to inlli^ rnto young minds, 4 
defire for knowledge* a due deference to their fupeiion, 3. becoming 
"condefcenfion to their inferiors, and a polite behaviour 10 all. The 
work does not fcem to be ill tranHaied ; which is as much as we cao 
fay, without feeing ihe original ; though ^e often inter with phrafea 
that arc evidently 'very literal renderings oi the French exprcffiom. 
In ihii age, however, uhen books of euucaiion are (o e>cc^edingly 
numerous, ihe volume* before us may he .iflijned, at leaU, a middle 
irank in that clafs ; and will prove* 1:0 dojbi, acceptable and ufcfnl 
to thofe for whom the pitbliciiiion is inteniled. 

In the Tranlliior's Preface, we nre informed that the famous 
Mofffeam was an intimate friend of Madame d^Epiguy, and thai he 
advifed her to publiJh this work ; we arc likeAifu told, ' that in the 
year in Avhich this work liia^ publiOied, a worthy citizen of Paris^ 
jealous fir the public good, dcpoiiifd a firm of monev with the 
French Academy, drllincd as a rc^vard to that author, who, in the 
courfe of the year, Oiould produce tlie m Ll benelicial work lo huma" 
niry. This learned faciety, according to (he ilonor'i intetitioflf de- 
cided amon^ ihe con»peii(Ors, and u^ianLmouHy adjudged the prize 
to Madame d 'E^i'gny \ . 

• Vid. Monthly Reviv*, vol. \x\x. p. 519. 

f 6y a Governels, as a. preface informs us, for the ufc of her 

f We fuppofc this prl?.e to hive been on ihc fame annual fbunda- 
lion with that bellowed on \A. Etfi^uin, for hjs j^mi dts Enf^m .- iiee 
Kev- vol- lux, p. 4S1, The value was about 50 guii^e^s. 


MoN'THLr Catalogue^ P^tleaf. 


Emprcft ofSjt^d, who kno«a how tn reward mtrit, npoa 
llie reception of Madame rf'£/'f^y'i book, imracdi.itc!)' ippnintfJ 
Eaily one nf Jicr Ladies of Honour, and fciTl^d nn \\\t moih« a 
handfnmc penfion, wlih rhe reverfton of il ro rhc daugJiier.' 

Two fuch illulLrioLjs teJ^^moni^lE will, ucdoubicdly, Iiavc ibeir dce- 
itifljcncc on ihe mJnda of the Public, and frilL pigrc agrc.ttrrc- 
co ni men d-i lion of the ivork, than any [hing vis C4ii fay in Uii f4vuiir. 

An 4i- w^ Sfiiting-hoai, dcJigncd to rfndcf the Atqui^tkn of clic 

R[|JrincnL> of our nacive iH^nga^ge rafy and plealam. B| Mrs. 

'l^each««]E Svo^ 14, bound, Marlh^ilL 

\Vc t!o not perceive any rtoi adwatiipg*! or evcelUnce Khut thi* 
fpclling-book poflclfo over oshc« whitb have lately or lormerTy txcn 
pLbliftied. The vcr; great uaricix cf e^tampJe^, wiih which it 
ahoiindi, may be ilmu^'hi ufcful, efpen^illy ibofc towiid ih« roo* 
clii1ii>n, *:ontairing idt3& that are fimplc, paiify co-nprchcnjible by 
voung children, and at the fame time ii'eJl adapteJ f*>f «»DlaiU' 
Ing Tevcral naturaJ cbjefla and operaciof a, abont which a child uf a 
LvcJy difporuicn h inquiiilivc. It, by giatjfying ihc litUe papil'i 
turii^fiiy- i\kc icatbcr can cotivcy foflmdiDn lod knowledge, the talk 
will be pkafan^ and eaiily pprfofmed. 

Arr, 42h Aiodtmii Lr^oat : compriiing a Syftem of Educaiion p^r- 

licvlarly Ad;ipted lo Female Scmioariee. Uy R, Cawte, of Cfoy* 

doiii in Sarryi izmo- S4. 6di boui^d. ^vmetcdji, 

U is djffiojU to fay« td what pait of \.h\i wo;k the Wiiicr'a fyjlem 

nf f'^ucAlion i^ la lie found. In iruili, we h^i'c feldorn mei with 1 

p^Fce which had. lefi nt the a\t of fyllem or ptan ; nor czn we dif- 

cuver aov ihing En the ttiee ^nd eiirlbry remarki, and Rjiniv i:dex, of 



fcfoKTBLT CATALOaVf, DrffMtfvV. 



^<^ntrfi mt i/lttt *.— Then ut i ccmiics], merry fclbwl *T}ytm 
till Jul iTrjrrJ \hy Rrvitwn with & bruiy l^u^h, ind ttk\\\ h«, ia 
rci«fn, ftff t^u vfif lie, vuo afax Ti<f C>it]c*a koale MAUt, 
Mnflff Vtuu dild^nt the Ptfice of i c^Kaft-butcticrl 

*' In rctiup, I bow Cfy jjar incrcy, And wilh fr<},| « n>9J mora* 

Go ibv trijt for A divU» willy, whimfical, ttupuiy mortiJ, is 
thOv «r( . — And pOV fit thy Odt h/ai Oi>. 

Tbe UBureat*! Uti ^.nnbif produdion » ih« Tabj^ft of x\t prtfcnc 
buTf<rqu« I iod( Ki S^utrf Ptn^ir haih in3r;p£fd the bafin^ri, ii lki:h 
boc provtJ ■ hirrffa one. The wh<tTe caitn Gjurci in fhcrrM 
f*ttic. Rk^). Qjitm:, CouiucrN Liuteai;, Fhiicrcrt, Tnd-r jtfif^ 
ind CVnntiifiVWi »!! pi'* i" rrvirw, in <h'.» " Fis( UAJ'tANiY 
S>'i>« /' inJ high witl be the cnE«fTii<imeat,-^Fo ihofc who ua 
Aflcrd 10 p>> for pfcpinf:- Do, — itt ihf Jhov, Ti* richJy »xuUi 
Ue B>oc4r ;— uhcic liiit cotaatc^hy ii DDt fcvce. 

Ati> 44- Uividi ao Elcffiic Foc>». By J, M. Good. 4111 
n. 6d. Dilly. ^ 

The iA^iirickiA 0/ grief otonr, without tW iM of 1 r^Itirtr^^ 
f^niua and «}fT«^ ui^f, i» not fuScM-m 10 produce ih« Amfl«« um- 
tier nptn of ^coumc dtjy. Ifi pc<iij it 11 much wfier tn bt miff, 
nliccni. tk«A lonLbiof. Wjih tic «doairc/> <>( ifkr patf tftngoig« 
of >«iure, ihii piece will tmva fufiph:^: Lord Lynclton^i Mavi^^%f 
Sitn^i £'amtig jlddfi^i tt trtf A'rj^;r*jfli>. 

A». 45. fjfcf /■/»• ; * Poem : 10 ih» M^m^n- irf T«)it Hinwar. 
fif^. 4-0. II. 6d. U^llcy. ' 

The ical for rhc mttncirif of a i^ooil «id bccoolcnc mjn, whkh 
infp«rd ih<tr;ii?rcf (hii /ii'^^raot rommaidi ouf approfwioni 
but hii petioimitiv: a ovtr-cbirged aith fVaufd 3f^d liowc^ de- 
firripfyifi. whi<)i t'eeini (o intimaie tfcr yc«iS cf the wrrur. Co<i< 
fidcrfd on Ih^ vivole, the pocm m»nf«ai ao AaiAb:c tufa of mi^d 
coageflinl with Utc fuL^fT^. 

An. 46- 7^ 7^4^,^, A ChtLllfritiT-ite- (to. m- Liy* J?!^. 
T'st^JM*. Iik« ivrr, 4c^ iwc, avd ibut't tit tn'hr. nujiii— fame* 
i\io{ ttat hu fto neaniog At oil. Jf ou/ Readrrt 4fe not hjtiStd viik 
thit deAnttiijD, wt wifh item 10 try Lbeir "iiniK zt a better. M^ftn- 
«ftlle, in (he Lf«< fpmt *>t ihaj'^JJiirin p»c. Iri wh4t wc hdvi: he; e 
wriibco Hud at a fi^lL and (r« jiccciiiit of Kai rhi»ipK ChiiAmu 
T^ t to wfiitn bU prtic^nipubtkAtioA auil be c^njiicrtd vt tii /rg* 
jW- Ntai witiin ■>*> ^wblj briag ai tibc T^k iiiclf, 

D K A M A T I C. 

^rt. 47. 71/ Siikim ; or i P^rp loto the Scmc^io ; a Fu<e, Is i«^ 
Afii, By Ifuf Bickerfiaffr. 8t<i. 6^. DiU;*. i;!!;. 
TliU piece i) loutded upon oee of ifc^fe iiEet whkh form tbe 
c!f pit C(»llcftToa d MAntioniel. Frra ihic wrucr It mtjr t< dio. 
ppr, fliorily, 10 gii^ the jj round work of t^h Wxxlt d/ania. ' |t 11 
plofknt.' he hy\, ' to fee ihc piiot, wiih 4hi-c^ hidtrnAni L-ttcvr to 
AJtgA greAi ciofn for grfAt rTemi. Tfce femrti of SylU ib^uT4 

P. j^. " c*r> «» /; #■.- 



MoNTHtY Catalogue, DramatU, 

probably r^ugh at ihe profound rcafons givrn by politlciao) aa the 
incnivcf of hi^ mnflfr'a abilifarion. The moA imporlAnt revolution* 
fpring vcr> often from irifiing caufta,* To illuElrile thii, Mir- 

mjn^cl h^K givfn a fhort, bur entertaining fable, with all thofe 
graces of Hyle and ffntimrnt. with which he generally adorui hi* 
ii^rTraiiv^ The Itsge of Paris has fcen ii in the farm of a drama^ 
c:^lJe<+ i:?* TrBiJ Sulianes. Whether Bickerftai!e's peTformaacc J> 1 
iranElaiionf or a nci« fiLhIe upon his own idea?i we CJinnot now de- 
tPr-|iiLnc. Ee it as it n^^y, invenied or impoMed, \,\tl^/artt hai been, 
lince ihc year 177^, a fsvLiuntc exhibition on the hnglifh tlapp, 
TJ^c Sulian is reprcitnicd of :i charailcr ihat ^ives probability to the 
ulo : of :j delicate and refining temper. He (1 weary of pleafures, 
which though varied, pall upon h'\i appetite, froai the eafe w]«h 
i\hich they arr strained; he h lired of beauuc$i that yield rheir 
clL:;rn^ thiou^-h fear or iTiterelh Elmira (one of the train of hia 
fi.r,ig]io) loves hini with true -iffedlion. but the Sultan wants feme of 
x\\t}{v dlJhcultiei give a zcJl toplcafure. Roxabna. an Eni;lilhgirlr 
lhro;^6 Ehi :e (iiljirulEres in his way. She telL the Sultan, that^ being 
li-t-n in n fiec Co niry, ftc miifl enjoy her nativeiiberfy even in 
t( To cibrv in filinic is not her maxim- She gives her advice ; 

c.lJmi jjrovcs ( f thf cu!^oiiis of iLe fcraglio, and freely tells him, that 
ij tie wll! bccmic her pupil, Ihc wiJi make him tin accomplished 
prince. Th« Siilian Orders her aivny. When fhc h gore, he rc- 
ji: jU upon the air of freedom which mark^ her behaviour, bhe is 
in t handrome; yet her iiitic nofe, faucily turned up, her fmiling 
tjo, atid pl.fvful poiiurc^ have an cffedl all together. Koxalana ii 
r,'<..i:Ji.J : Ihc r( IlJoj to cLi^v> b;:t comes unexpefledly with the vi- 

tifrliTMlvCATALOOirCt V^wfa. 





^i^J frnfifff" Such h Mr, H'tcktwfiaEt'i $uJt«n* We hwff}vtn 
» uittrr in l^e Jeiail. » siocnf our RdiJeri feme ni4V ckuf* U 
Nfciff MvmooiFJ'i, ind jiidfr. rrom cosifijfiroa, of ihc merit cif 
lb EajttiJh ptHWmtn^. fi ihe han^i oF Mn. Ablivgion, ic U not 
M miicr of vroLidcr tb«t ik* Suttan ha* Jlovnthcd on ih# (b^r. 
Tlui laiJr h»bc«a« f«r fbmc yetr* p^iit, ihe life of |he<«mic mnici 
(he ivbinit iJx cipncc« juJ IlkIc ti iblo of tkc fair art jfwtr* re 
pivl«««ril la Arr action with i^c iJccH jul ; lad wr a^i forry to fcci 
^fcaiionall}, ia th« comnton nrafpapfft, d Ilriin of roiltgeiry, wkicli 
wti think aa iLIilicvAj Add ujiJuJl rvtribuuoa to the ai«r»t dfid genius 
Oi' Mil Abau£l«A. 

N O T E L 3. 
Aft* aS. ZtrraJa: or VtLkfic AifuIf, Mmo. 3 Vo(t, ft^6S, 

Thi)N'oTcl(A itfupcncir to mo(lofhUfere(hreai( ri^>''icJ!jnf;^ Ki« 
pOttraSlj fik<«ijc haic rr&lly roDicthioglUikiajr inLhein; ihehixlkflt 
<j>k>und of which it \Kk of Parfoo S»iobornCt > iruJ^ contrnjKible 
cWaClrr. Tbi5 pidun we etc indined to fOo6derai 1 Ai«a^«; — 
\tat wbetbee it be A^ta.illy intentjcd for ttic titriiAi ivma itai tyt, 
Of n-'hcEhcf ii be mvirlr t^c ri>orL of ft^^y, wc cannoi pretend to hf i 
criiW is i< 1 nau^r ilcfritinj^ c»oj Imieity. 

Thf fible of ibii Noixl, ai we heve alrcidy bUieil, I1 iiix an- 
ent^xiaining ; w« vrif>k. in4eeil. »v cooJd fay eojr thiog in pntfeof 
in bAgva^e,— but juftLCV cbligei ei to remark, ihat thavkoJ« it 
«rriilcn la a rctj iocurrecl ini riuley nuoaer, Som« of th« cff^ri* 
h<nrmr, ut pollitjly typogjapbkal. 

Ail 49- ?^ CW/ ^ Cfdwcrt or, lite Adnsturti of llany 
i^saard *. iimo, s V0J1. 51. feved. Hookhim. 
Th* rRKf«ri« hfrf jiffirnrfd wiih thttadrenru^A of* hero, wkoti 
ft g*MLblcr a&d rottunc-bcntcr; and wbo, at lei. after efpriiand aft 
the vidflittfde» 10 wbid; fcopk of that Aantp oro uTuiUv cxfofc^ 
etCbm)> and bc<oinck a rcfp^abtc char.i£)cr. Tho rork iJ itot iU 
vrLtieOt aw) dtfpUyt 2 fe'rile imgm«iinn. 

Art. $0. C«rf.Vae y Lr/hfaU^ TranHaied from the French, by 
Thomif Hokrofi- izsio^ 5 Voli. 91. fev-ed^ Robinfooa- i;S6. 
1a cIui bciutifuL aid inccre^ing nore!, iho Irghu and lliidci 0^ 
eha^adcr ve hlttt^td viih gfcit iugccuit/ ; and m every pitt of it 
«v« di&onr the hand of an tfie^tnt and AilfuV anilt. With wonden. 
fot energy utd addnfr, \rtt AnthArt^i un£oTd» the feovc frring* aad 
con pf«3r BMnrenen la oi the buitan heart; and fo fbrdoty are ih«' 
different feeling} ihai ajitaie ch« foal, detincaitd by bcr m.igic 
pencil. thtA tbcy iiongly awaken tlic fynpathy of ibe rcudei« 
and iaierrfl bi» ta the i\nivU d the f^orf^ Jo eicel^endri ar? lo 
enaay, H«d rb greA\ ihic wt vrifh to forget in birtuifhf* ; bet oor 
jttipaitiaUEy conEtrajtii ut 10 acknok^Ied^ tfeat it hath fotne faufn ttt 
Jbadv (» beauii<>, ind focne defeat that cn>r vrt][ mifnsfr, ind 
IlnAjullicc Bufi ccrodemo. Jo attend ja|; t9 fhe j^encraleAccdtt^r, and 
in cpWatouftoD to fecurt <he capital e^f^ ii ^ji mejEtc 10 prMuect 
lb« fur QOveLil! bath brea too aegligeai aboi;t the mmuier p<arti. 

s * Bf 7»*a iAratfj;^*^ J^Jrwr, » an uleetiifemeoihat iAftvm«dci. 

266 MoiflTHLV CaTALOOUF, MifcillmftffHi, 

Sh« It now and then tedious, and fometiinei Ibe wuideri toofir froA 
rhc pTincipal olijefl. She might have been more fptrin^ of the 
letters of WaTfteia to LbdoriF, without wcakcmng the maiir intercft 
of Lhe ncvcL In our opinion, it it injured by fo copioni ■ difpl>]r 
of them,^-To chofe, however, who are Fond of thii fort of revlup, 
we can, norwithftanding every dr fed, with grcKt Iruih recommend 
ihJ5 \vork, as by far the mofl ingcDioui and pathetic of the kind, thxc 
haih been for mftny years imported from the contincnr. 

^Tt. 51. Lori/ If'irrwerth; Or the Memoiri of «n Hcir< DedU 
carcdt by Permiillon, 10 her Grace the Dachefs of Deranfhire. 

i^mo. 3 Vols. 7s. 6d. fewed, Allen- 1787. 

lJcdic:iied to her grace of Dcvonfbire — and vfUh chat noble lady'* 
pfrmiflion tool is tt poflrble f — Thafe who read thefe memorrs, 
and alfo are acquainir^d with the vood fenfe, and cultivated tafte^ of 
the duchef^ of DevouOiirc, will br lfagg«red by this aflcrtion ; yet 
here ii flnnds, printed in the title-page; and who fhall difprove 
itP'-We hope, however, that the auihor^a next produAion (if be 
Tcfolves to follow this exhausted trade) will be more worthy of ha 
CiRAct's approbation, — -and of»rj, 


Arr. 52. jfjJ Eximjif'n t« Margati, in ymnt 1786 ; inTerlperfed with 

a Variety of Anecdotes of well-known CharaQers. By Hatdivicke 

Lewi^j Efq. izmo> 2$, 6d. fcwed. French. 17S7. 

When we Jirll Taw the title of this book, hc rxpc^cd to find id 

IL fome deftiripLions of Margate, and the noted places adjacent;, 

bu^ wc wtii luJiUkcn 1 v>'c have, chicflvt icniiaiental obferv^iioDA. 


ntn u Dr. T. wLg LnowtaU ib«rc« AftdAiboaTAndGihcrputicMl 

itfcifi^ CO be Known bv Afrci£ii«rt, 4D^ coanUf v«* ia partiftU^^ 
cooiltg to rdUe ID LoD JoA. 

Cnpt^ jBniM HawkkDi, eft' tbc JCind of pcrto K:cc, M if^r ' 
iin. M. Murray- 1787' 

tneniKJMc rie^iv. *tni ai' liic dijIrciTf] of in crew. «4w futifercd 
Aipwnck f(i an hkirrkanp oa thr illjtnd ef Pc?io Rico : «r1i«re ihcf-j 
vcfc ft fiHI rreitrd ro«ghly, •cj'ier tht idti of (h«ir brtnf ihe crtv 
of ■ ^rivJittr t t>U( vbcn the D-sLh wa> kcrOWDa the SpMiWi vitd 
with vj<h otbcr in IrcAiiBg Ehcm with all palSbl< cofflbtitf. 

T^ $orw u-UiM in « fiofrvf ±T rtrjtq ol f OoJ noinoar, *bkb wOJ 
Dovtr bffcrp nee *itb in 1 DarfHiH fonaded inVr^^yj; am] rt i« 
re>d«'r^ fjlt mcce agteobl* by (}rt;riptiT< circemAucea. ttif^tiia^ 
tbc ft'lile ilbnd ut V^rio Hifu, ftbJ :u inLAbilinti. 

Alt. ;{. f/y ff'^trf 9f A>iL- H*ii*mi, from in 6ril DtTcoTPty ifi 
l6lb t«i^ prcrcmTimci ttj;h e paiueaUr A«oast of ici Proi^ 
dw And UlubiuLiii. Ar.d A Defc ipiioA ^f Boi«nx fi>T» &cw 
Siro, &i. fioordi. Sioci^djlc. I7>7. ■ 

CoBApiltciMti. whrn jori»rtnDitj mAdi', *« bA>« tvtt iboujthi u/e- 
f«] 10 ihe Public, 'I he WTyitgfi of D«<nptfr» C^ek, A:, ic, 
wbtDCc lib tlidorv »> colTc^d, arc foMEcrcJ in n«ity butky 4n4 
expcafire volvnici, «b»h are onTjr in the handi of 1 few; the In*- 
lorraeiiDQ ll^cy conui* \\ f^neMl, m^ reUiet to the circumdjiticn of 
the whole voyage. When ihrof/n^uon it wanted, reJattreonl) 10 4 
ptfDcuiirvoani/y or tnola^lioti, compUticai 6t« the tfouole of 
COn/ulunjc e v^eijr of lup^^r worki. The prefc;At pf-ffoJineiicc i« 
bcesilcd to coercv d gcoeril hnov^ledsc^ of ibe count// uf Nc# Holr 
find M defcnbed b; the feicnl tir^gmnavi^awrs aho have viliied lE 
fioce - and from the worki of iheff gntilemen the cAmpiJition before 
bi i» chtefl/ m«cle. 

Preixed lo ibifl voJiimevf two good mapf. one of New HolUnd, 
Mid oet, iriikh » * )>citeT«l i;li4ii« ofibc peffjigc f/oyi Begiand 10 
B^OtAny Bi/. Tfacy ire nr^L^^ eiecainl, nmi, ivhx Jt of more 070* 
(e^ueitte* tbej feen. To Mr a^ wr nfr Able to jedge by tompAri^g 
thtCD with other), 1^ bf aocurite, in<J fiithfuJEy Uj«. ilawn, 

A liA of like navali mefinc. nJJitarr, i-id civil cJttUil^menta of 
t^ loUAdcd 0CW tvloay ii jeidcuthJ u> lIk wcrk ; of the eut^Mj of 
thji «c(o«a;« kowEvei, «« pjetcod not to juJ^c- 

Art (€■ fi/ Biaaiiii tf Sairvl J^^^/ni, LL. D. COafilinjE of 
MavifUftAMl Obfervatioeit &c, iimo* 31*^ fcwtd. Kc^iOcy. 

In thEt oev ffTiilon nfjohn^ii'«i?'ew//rche u-ork iimTiifed wkb 
otunerooi BArcifoiei (eifoed from Mr. Bofn^U'i and Mn. P»:iiti'i 
Ulc pobh-eaEton*, with ot'irr iJoCdQeal* illotlreiteg ih« biojf4phe«f 
JohoCM. A copy of li)3 will it alfo vRneved, na4 e ^rtnon «-nidi 
b wrote far Dr. Dodd, «4kp perached it to b» fclkw^coDncti, a few 


5 B R M O N B. 

days previous to their exccutioD, A hud of Dr. JoSmronh prefixed 

a^ 3. froniifpiEce. 

Art, ^7, J Sicfc/j 0/ Univfr/ai Hifiorj from the carlictl Time* to the 

Year ]763t diftinflly divided inio Agesand Periods^ for the AITjU- 

ance of ihe Memory. By a L»dy. timo. is- Payne* J786. 

Univerfal hiltory was never reduced into fo fmaM « bulk aa it i^ 11^ 

the preftnc abJlra£>, This dteichi huwevei*, which bringi the priu' 

cipal revolutions of ancient and modern empires into a imall point 

of view, may be a uf^ful ifli^Unc to th« memory, in recotlefiiog 

u'h^t had been eJfewhere acquired. 

An. ;g. Confilia : or Thought! od feveral Subjtrfla} affcdionateTy 
fubmitted [o the Confideration of a young Friend. By Samuel 
Birch. The fecond Ediiion, entargtd. iamO' as. 6d. Cadelt. 

From the pcrufal oF the fecond edition of a oioral and ufeful work 
row enlarged and corre^ed, we are confirmril in the opinion wa 
formeriy entertained of its merit. See Review, vol. Ixxii. p- 464. 

Art. 59. Tire MiHtHium Star. 6J. Ridgeway. 
Noi a book, but a conundrum — a cnlleftion of printed fcrapi, 
twifted and twirled, and wrapped in marble-paper into the form of % 
JUr» or ra[herora^ar-^^. As to the printed matter contained in 
ihc belly of this odd AHi, it ij — Political, religious, moral, and pro^ 
p^eticjtl ; and frems welt calculated for tbe meridian of Moorfieldi. 

Art. 60. Ji Ltiitr le Rshtri Htren, E/q. containing a few brief Re* 
iTL^irks on hi? Lcicera of LitcraiuiC' By one of :he bsrbarom 

S & a M o It •• 169 

Vutic im^ raienkt lo thafc irbo m>y be inJufci, From mohvct 
tigio« or of leaning, iv I'ltuw ihcir all im? dir ;rrmiy oi ikt 
poor. «n4 Ri«kr ikic ignorjni rich in <hc frcdcEfiDn of eZif -tvr i>1jf>r»* 
tiDCiof G^d, aikd ih« cn-urne dirpro ration t ofhU Ano^eted/ 

Ai » ipednicBr wc wil! prtlWrt oor rcsclrn wtth t^« coiiHDOO (nuiT* 
Utfon ol the Jiiputed cent \r\ IUi«1i, And in ihc oppo&tr coJdin* wq 
will pttcc our Authoi'i t^rljon. tbic 1 compariiLrn my he luaJc cf 
bo«k with [bf l«j[l (ruubfc pufiiurc. 

CowkilOir TtAVlLATIOIt- 

Vtr. rS. Allihff Lb^t [if the 
AMiortt, />%<« «tl cf rhcni, Ik in 
^lory, e»<ryonpjn hii o^c liou/e> 

i(^ 8t^< iko«artcail ^utcf ih^ 
gtiic l^kc «n 4bomii)4b)? buncb ; 

4r« iiir, i1ir«n ihrongh with 1 
^wd, iKu K^doivA 10 the ftonv> 
of the pif, 4a a C4jc«£e ikmshjca 
SD^cr feet. 

JO. Thnii fhali not be Jaincil 
with ihrn rij bufiil. 

All the kingt of the iDiiaM^ 
all of tlkcffi ]i« m glory^ <tei/o*« 
ifl hisCAA houfc. 

but ihou in cafl oot of (hf 

^r«ire likc^n «boni;t]«lr)c brafrchs 
Covering oi ihc Jlaia, (hrujl; 

thTAu^h iviLh the IworJ, 

TiiiE go Jown to the J^odo of 

th< pic, Jike A iT^Mtu ciic&Tfl 

und« f«c(, 
Tboa ^ih noi he jt^iord i^lih 

ihem lEk bijriar 

The leimed Cmk na\stksp ihar (he exprcflliMi, " Tloo «ri «^ 
Mi of i^T gf** V D*»>"» wiih 8'^*' propiieiy, be ilttred lo, '" Hloa 
utJff'tvjJt" ^e. &«' 

fi«t ihe );r<Ai loci of oCcncc ii the pitT«s*^ Imme^Utflf Fbllow" 
inX ; idJ ib», layi Mf . Wcibo, ' lu<h ma^jc botb Jew 4nd Cbri^«B 
toAambk;' fix. 

After Ibcwifig tbat ttie cifn^mon InLirprclitiont of ilili piflijs di^ 
tarb ihe frfll^r. and evert rtv<t(f the tnt>,n\v^» of ihe prf^ipheCf Ottf 
Aathor givci itie pUin rrnlV of the foUo^itig fborr p^raphf ii« ; 

• A>if the pfwphel h-d faiJ, *' Thou art txdoJeJ fri^m 'hy fi^*^* 
like * BlcUrj biandi ict-t: 11 hh to uffilHon ihc furfacc of ii>c cuth. 
ThoLi tlidi coicr chare uboajc fdUiD in b^itle — whu ntt iroJden am~ 
Anfoat intii ihe pti: but tbou HiaIe coi be joined »iih rhrtn la bu- 

' We hive here ab iaftae^e of a bold fnnapfior (il *•/? uifftfnattd ic 
arijhOi ■h^Tt'sb nciihir cmirclT new or tjAcom^on* in whJc'i the 
inl|bl> Moneich U cnade to pejfoHu cbeofic: of cove/lii£ the dti4, 
u the ejrtb or Ihe loivbcoien ihtm; in t ut»rd, lo be the fepulchfo 
oTtte dun, 

' ThH ibe lOAb, oe leputchre, of tie Grtek» b» been called th« 
fi4Bt * i^mai of the dcccircd, end carih tbc f r^unciit of tbe 

'I1ie refleftiooi itat fellow Ate of > moraJ;tadreU£ioui nicure, inj 
tn ftdapied to the Aipiiion of ihcifr wt^o^ sit Ibe prexbcf obfetrci, 
Un Mi^ 'i« rtmfrrVi our ^ Chrrfii^wity. 

• Hom^ll r?. 57. 

f ^fcb. Again, e. fl^ 


S fc ft H O M «. 

II, Pmcbeiftdhc Vifitfljvon of the Bilbop of Exeter, ttid ne B*j-in 

Connili nf many judkinuN obffrvatrof t, wfll evpfrifed, Cfi itiftn** 
imre and deign of \he cfpHcal pftcr 1 .and vindicitf* ib* cUrt'> frvm 
(horemdifcriminai*cfiargci which hn^cbccJi thrown on thci^^^roftffirfn 
by igTfcorincc, picpdicc, »cd ptriiaUcy, 

Tlic iCJLE h ukcn finm Gal, vt. 9. If/ vr mr Jr teMfiy i» «t/iL 
^a^ffji ; thciTgh alcnoft a^jf other tuet v^cMtld hive faited tlic di coarfu 
full as W4^U, 

Tho Auihor appeara to pofliri ii we-ll-cul»va»fd uinitrflandioj, 
vnd a fcTioui o>irid : tiiil t)ic>iij;|i hii fcrmon dfllh pru, in realitj, 
w«ni mrihod and fytlcnii jct ihr n^pramaet cf ii ia too much Ob* 
fcotcd ro make U, in ^nicra', cilhrf pl^jfing or ofrAif, By avAid- 
iijg t^* FOuM, 'tvr tea frf^iientiv fUtf^ts tift POWe* i aiti art ibtf^ht 
f^'f^jK beciui'e nor cieEhCKJical- 

IIT. Preached af S^ Li*r*Me Jewry. April t^, *nd at Chafraiid 
Chapcli Mfty 31, 17^6^ for the Bench e of ih? Mumane Soctci}', rn- 
fliLUTCtd /or The Recovery of Pcrfonjapparenily dcjiri by dfowcing- 
Sy ScrTinglon Satfiy. Hcftor of Ifickhim. LinrolniUire. ^ Bvrt- 
19. DodHry. 
Wc have already pid a tribaw of refpeA w ihu eUganl anJ mmi- 

iDitcd preacherj and tlic ftcicnt dircourf? ju£1;A^a Okir upprubi- 

The icxi 1) ftom Aflj xx. 1 j. 7^ brMtght tlr j'w/ «<(M it/jni^. 
^wd ii.-rrt HOI a titfU (Cm/aritJ. The Ajipliuilofl of Uiii drcumffi 


IV. FrtMliH b<brt an AJIenUf oF Pro«faw>t D'r^niiir; MmiCth 

ta Evn«t, Mj7 lo, I7S6< By Jodcph BfcJanJ. i\^. n, 

Priattd fof l^« AoEhor, in Bxeter, 

The potni l4bo<jf«d <hrou|h x\U dircogrfe i> finptf the followiftjf, 
fli lUitJ brth«preadwrliimr«]f, rrt. ■ TIdi iui t^Mirp«tir*ik 
duty of Cli'iJlitci aiddcri, •ficr the cvimpTc of thr ipollle, to dc* 
cUre la their people. tcwniiAE^^^ bcAof th«ij judj^iucat «aiJ tbi- 
lifi«). tbc whole ronnlrl rifGcii/ 

A» « jentral poSnon, no erne\ ^Kpatt It : »I1 t})« dtfficftltj 
Ee» 10 itt •pflk*iioo \ tad* (ot axtfi^t urtttv ta t^e renvrary, ilMte 
k iitl ai much room idr cavil ud debate, v iherc «m bc^ Mr. 
iU^lind pobbtird hu l<r«ii». 

Befnn? ihe llocCe of LonJft. WcHininfler. Jas, ;(\ l^t?, brtqg 

rtie A:in?vffffify of thr Mi/tyrdotv nf Kin* C1ur[e* T By Joho 

Lord ilifKflpol Ox/oid. ¥*<•- I*. Caieff. 

When Bi'h&p* i^trich on \ht anni»err>r)r o* the <Jt«S of Charles 

the Fbn. ws nnjll. pcnrrally, r*;>c(:l to kc ihc Roy*! Mdf()r Jrcfed 

ift the >nimaeii]«E? mbn of in)&ocjn^i ; ind it> betr [h« ahofe 

blunt of i^aCe civil Cf^mmnticT^, t-Tikh broughich^t ncfisppy prioee 

to the TalToFd. ol on ilir p*(jjilj. Thui, on s^f prtfecbt o<ct£oDt 

IE b «0(r«4i, ihit thr ehuUUt of ChtrJch ■ vu «xf<ir7it i' anii th4t 

*c lia*c ' no k|*J cndeoK of hn haTire ant %viii.\ tf th» be a 

inie fcp-eto tM Km uf thf tjfr, ivliit niotilUn oticiqulry wefc tbofe 

IbfrAtberi (rf" cert^ to whcm fcm« nf mir Hrrt nrhcn hire tiughc ui 

10 look or, ■* hav^rf bre^, utder U^J. the suthura of 4JJ tbc p«li- 

t^cl WcfifaE* whi(b ihcir t!iiokltffi ptrferi^y bow cojoj' t 

in iht r^rilh Cliartliof pAinfwt<k« la the CouaEro/ GJoicJlcr^ on 
SundiT the 741b ^if Set>tcHLl^ yjttt i ly SaEii^eJ Glidf, n,U. 
F. K^S tlf^or of 'i^anAciJ m Efx^i, ind Ctupliio In Ui^i*uy 
to hit Mxjeftj- FuMiPied by \ht Drlire of the Mi&tiu a^d Pa- 
rilbiooen, ^ro- >•> Kj-ington, itS6. 

Thti dif<o8rJe F<comineDdi. by foJuJ trganmiTi. iniJ in lateutiil 
t»g«i{tr >a tjlihitlhaicct* wnicb protnifti to coaitib^i? vfrv rJrn- 

ItiiUf tcwitd reforminK the lawr; dal!^ of people, bj ewJ* iniiiil-- 
itf loto thdr n^ndt ihu bclfc foird of virue, tKLi«j(»ci til|j(- 
Tp tin A UTHOiti ^ lA^ MoNTit L T R Ertiir. 
ft $ I 4le1iveT«4 t« Df. lenfooi tbv iccoont of thr ^\€t^lo^ of ti^ 
tnirtfwftffriit ifllFft-J lA the laf vofoat of the PbiFoTophicAl 
Tribf^^^KinT* and baJ tbe (CfFc^^lnn of ihe {i^ATei, J thiok Ic laevm- 
btni upi^at Ttic m ckM (t|i rtkedifieuliie* whieb eicearrrd » ^mi Ja the 
rcneiir of ihnt imck in ^oiir JiA Nbrobrr, I ^dS <«»dkdJy mIioo*' 
led)»e tbM h»d i »(n «CHm|lv \rtn th*"C^t>, I might *irl ^li'-tri LatV 
bce« kd (0 d^U (^ pOltifaLiiy of \\% lAtCr:^^ pJjEC ; hitL, frtEici)r 
jlidr ny O'Mi aMlvtfti),^! Ju«e iti^ ptcifarr ic Mrhnm fo<v, fha* Mr 
ChrifloiTher '"ejE^ of Lirii*< Ctjureh. On»>, *ttd M», St^l oC 
ToffttrUiitt, w</e with m? v*k«ii iof^rci ilw b&A^, ii^.-i U** \S% 



difenre erafily as teprtCented in Fig. t* Aad Dr, John Sims, Dr. 
Xlt^nnifoa, and Mr. Robinfon, Surgeon, of Earl-fliccCj were ajfo pte- 
fcni when I di/teflcd ihe pares, lii£are\y, duE Mr, Pole mighc ukc 
the drawings. 

On diflcSing chiMren, I have more ihan odcc feen the cj^ar etJi 
ib loofely conneficd by its ptrilorKai /iganum/if chic it might be re- 
moved wtth cafe almoA to the opposite lidc of the it^dWif/H ; ind ihis 
obfcrvaiion I mcndnncd in » noic, for the fole purpofc of coDvcjing 
an Li^ca of the poHlbiliiy offuch in inverfion. 

The tigurea are undoubtedly faithfdl copies of naiiire } boi the 
me/ocokn zad mt/tnttrj were fo colllpfcd and hid, by thi- poJlHon and 
incrciifcd file of ihe intefiincs, as to prcveni their b«ing reprefented t 
yet they arc certainly in the fubje^, as may be proved by the pre- 
par^Tion now in my pofTf0ion ; and a bundle of enlarged me/enteric 
glandt are defcribed in both the accouot and dnimngj, which of 
fourfc muft belong to that part of ihe mcfcntery conucfied to the 
iltcn in ihe inverted (okrt. 

I am. Gentlemen, with muchrefpcd, 

Orrj Jewiiy, Your obliged humble Servant^ 

ifith Miirch 1787. THO. WHATELY. 



IN your Review of the American Philofbphical Tranfafliooit 
la^ month *, the word Frefieti occurd, as not within your knowledge. 
It is a typographicjL cnor in the American book, and Ihould be 

Frt/lfj, i< c> annual iuundiitions, from the livcri btinp fwollen b^ 



For APRIL, i ;S7. 


Notct i>« hit Lives c/ ifc« Porif, hf Sir JcHfl Hjnttifii, K'lt- 



i^ of D:, JohflfoA** frknJf* W b^i ifikcn tifiun hirof'Tf ihe 
cfir« oJ hit tUlic^if ; audj jccor Jrigly, hr p'cfrnt* tn the Public 

vnte of Jncrtiofti Iffc, fr-r ih^t purp&fr, by ihc AvxY.At^ Tfe« 
wofk ii deiJiCiTcd to hn Majrftv« htif, wc thi[ili, wuhf^ui ftt\ip^ 
tit ieniinHtiU Ixfl tny oar /hot/hl mugirtc th«i ctih^f of ihu 
iwo fafi&tr yiin<t% of hJt Mij;ft)*t itluMrioui name ii bcre in- 
tfnJfdt we arc coM, th«cilit<7f#rj/ tbt^Hrdt *i\A for our fjfihcr 
inforauTHUi, ii i% «dic^t '^^^ '^^ '^ ^'i^g <^' Or»i fiiiuto. Of 
ibi) kirg i| i« f*id, tb»f £/f rtja! hrtftfj reifij th^ A^thfrfrtm a 

Johnfun wai oiw of ihc hi^hrfl liuraiy o.'ium«nu of hii Hii* 
jefty'i reign : in the year 1762, «h<n (be pcfjQofi wa^ 2r*iied| 
b« bad i^nilbcd bj9 D i^ionary, ibc Rimbltrt tbe IiJl«, RifKlai; 
aftd lb? ^i1 of bit woik^; he bad «nfichfd iW world with bia 
libouri, buc bid ir.idc co protifiMi ft^r himfclf. If 4t fhit pc- 
ikxJ, when he nn? adi^Hccd in yr-*f»t wkb a mir»d f;iiijtutd, 
and a conElitvtJon viGbly declining, the royal munificfpcc fcif^Ht 
fo valuable an iLjtbor i» hia ubfcuic r<iit4i ui the Innef TernpTc 
L«tr, ibv bounty, fo confeirtd, 11 ar oecc an honour co ihe 
King fhai ^raatcd, if»d 10 tbe Mjn ibac dcfeivcd jr, Jd^ai of 
tbU krnd ffiighi bare kindled in ibc D^tcaiion a fpark of (ifc ^ 
bur ai prefent wc muS rcnain ct^nutit with a m<a^:c iccounr, 
Iraplyiag M> more than ibit b 1 Mj)ef v rditvtd dL(tr«£j, ad^ 
matniaiftcd A bcggu. Tbrojgh ciei^ pciiod* in wtikh Icutra 
fljufiihed, il U tbc ^loty of ihc r^-gmog pr^nrr, ihjl he w)* 
tba fficnd and protc^ur of m<» of K^niui; Augutlui Ofar^ 
and f^Q[i X[V. ire, for their aitcqrioa to ihc irts, refprcFed 
ai tbu day t Virgil and Horicc rtOed a JaAr^ on vhc forme; \ 
Kacioc and Bo^leau d^ honour to the lafi^ and lohnf^^n ^vxW 

Vot.LXXVI. U K^l 

274 ^'> John Hawkins'j Editioa rfDr. J^fin^s f^wrlu 

rf p3v George the Third with ibc praife of future timet, for the 
lUpcnd he received. 

Tne Dcdjcaiton is followed by The Life of Jobnfon, atnotinl- 
ing TO our entire volume of fiK hundrt-d and two p»ge9. In the 
prngrcrs of this workf Sir John HawkJn« throwi out, m great 
abundance, his opinions upun various fubje^^ with the live* of 
other men, fome well known, and others of inferior f^me. He 
favours us wiih a Itft of Authors by profcffion, and of pbvftcianSt 
who h:ive failed, or fuccteded. He tilki at large of ^f^. Cave 
(the founder of the Gcndeman's Magazine), of lord Chederfield, 
Feldijif, Richudfon, Paut Whitehead, ihe mcmben of doAor 
Johnfon's club at Ehe Chop-houfe in Ivy Lane [ of mufic, po- 
JLCics, legal decjfiong, and ihe arches of Blackfrrara bridge. He 
remembered, perhaps, that Warburton promifed to the memory 
of Pope a JUST volume: a {imiUr tafk (though Warburton 
broke his word) he fee m s dcier mined to perform forDr. Jv^hnfon: 
buc whether fo much mifcellaneoua and foreign matter can be 
deemed just to rhe perfon whom he commemorates, may well 
be made a quctlii/n. Whtn a favourite topic, or a tiame fa- 
TTTiliar to him, comes in his way, he Biei off, for five or ten 
p^^o$, fometimes more J and, durrn^ this excurdon of thought, 
WL !^ftf fjght of the proper obje£t« Jn the dawn of tragedy, ihe 
Greeks fjid, *' What is all this ioBaabusr* and we, in tbc 
midll of Sir john*s wanderings, are inclined to fay, '" What a al! 

Sir John H»«kifti** iyj>w rfJJr. JiJjrjMi fFtfit. «7S 

Tick Liri of Dcctox Samufl Jchkiok'. 

ThU cKiTio<d'n»fjr rn»n v/' K^-n kt l.ichttri^, on the 71^ ^f 
Sf|«r*>brf I7C(J "^rr, * ' ^ ^nfi>n. wn > Sookfrl ^^f >n 

t\«i c»tf. Hit niofhtr wi< the k^oi I-wH, a phvficia*" ol 

cnitnrnce^ ad of Cotcicliu* turJ, (iihfr«-irf lurinn Fr*i^B ibc 
fftOFe nho, beirt cHaplin to if^r Ctrl of C*^Ori£dd, wiOiH fo 
■ilrnil (h«t noUmwfi id tbc f^mc <-Ap4cii]r on bi* cn^'ilTy lo tht 
Ui^tic. Colley Cibber rvhi^ thr «i^r«doi« : Vov iioul^ go, 
Utd the winy pctr, if (0 jotif mnr vi^cs >oii could add ono 
mnre :,— fV*y, my 1ord,i— vrbii << tliaT ?^ Hypocrify, iTiy ^rir 
do^of. Johnfon hid a yotin^tr h-c'hcr, Ntiti^ni^'i wh^ died 
tt (h^ a^* r>f ty, w iS^ Micbxrt JiiHtifon, thr fxhrr, hid a 
kr/}ihcr (if ihe mwt ol Andrcv, i*bi> kept th« K-mg in Smiilt- 
&cld, Appropriilcd 10 wHllcit uid boxcrt, for 1 wboJc ynr, 
ind >t Johnft^a u!«d Co fay» wit Acvtr :kroam or cooqaeied* 
Ju^nFmiS fftihrr wa-, tnorc ihjn OllC<^t bjilifF* or chrtf rntvif^ 
ttiii of lichfir!i» anrf, a» Si» John Hiwkrc fsprrir-t (t, dif- 
chif^fd ih« duiFCi of (hit rxAi.TC:> ^d;»« witk Kurour md 
app^&ur?, Hr wit, lUe a niimhcr nf oEl^r/iL 11^ thiT p^rt <>f ihe 
wofld, a jtrc^bitr, and, no d^utt* c^ie on rar!y fmfLtire oF th^ 
^«jBr |ifincipf<9 1(1 ihc irittd iff hi> foi). Michi^J, Uie fjihc-r, 
djVd, at the >£r of 7^ ol an tofixmma^ory fcivt | and lh« mO'* 
thci «t<t^hiy-nifir, i fa ^radujl decay, in tbc ]rf 1759- 

Simucl Ji>hnron drrivrd from hii p^imTi, or from an tin* 
whc'lcfomc nuffr, the dirttmp<rr rallrJ the ting"* evil, Jmcb^ 
Mtrs HI (Sat iimi~ hfln^vrd m rhr rfHrary rf |^r myil Ei>u«h ; 
accoidirglf Mr). Johnfoii prtlcntfd bci fon bcfi^re piMt ^Kntt 
who, f<]( tht frfl limr, pciruiDLcJ thai oAir, ancJ ^avc het 
)«ii»l> pafUnt fla ntuch of her bcaling quality ai Ate cftutddjf* 
pcnfr. Ji>hDCof> icmcmbcrcd foitict^iriu of thif i he had ■ con* 
fufed idea of a Iidy tr d^icnondi and a bUck ho<^. The f<cda 
vf J^cobihfin wtfc ihu4 ctrlv fov^D^ and rn a mind like hit, it 14 
WK to be tt-Midrird if ihty l^riK k fhrir ii>ots drcp'y, and (trew 
Vitfc hift gfcv^iK, It It (>roriar>!« ih»i h« continued jn thoftf 
pfSrtcifilea ull he ifcfpaNcd cjI ibc cauEc. He wia cut for 1 be 
evil, and h'r* facr, ftjcurally Tu^grd, wu fcaoitd and di»ii|;«frd, 
1i i» fup(oJed ihai this dicofiJcr <feprivcd t'lm of ibe A^hr of bJa 
left eyt, and a|fL> impalf^J h\% heating. He t^tvzt rco-^ffibervd 
to have er.J4i>cJ the tii'e of the kft ett. 

At the agcof ihrer yrat^, tic trod, Ij^accrdrr^f (ai wi? atr loId>, 
Upon Qt*c M a bfrod i^f tlevett dockt, tnd kil^d ti i he j> fa^d, 
upOA thai occjtbn. ro hiir made Ibc tv^iowiiig verfea: ^ 

Here Ilcs gi»i n^r^llrr di>ek, 

Thnt Stwrl J'lhtifon t'lid e*< 
If it bad li*'4 ':aiLi.f(] Ikai^ becfi food ]u(k| 
TtKfe then had been vi o^d one. 

E*f«y gtrai gri^ua fliuA bepin •rrh a prodfgy, aird iki« fi 
fafccJyuctided by Ibc bus on l^l^o'slp^oj lh«d4its\!aft^v^- 

276 Sir John Hawkins*^ Edithn o/Dr. Jobnfon's Wsriu 

vtTi'J riie infant pott with lfav« and flowcri ; for how OiOulJ 
a child nf three yc;ir5 oU m^ke reguUr verf», and in altcrnaie 
Thyry^t'f The father, moreover, foretold chat he would be fl 
grcai m^n. 

A: a prcp:r age he was placed in the frcc-fchool it Lich- 
Tk IJ, \lt was jiut ffniarlcahie for diligence ; in the field* with 
his ^, he lallced more with himfelf than bis cooi'- 
pjniori^, and w;is never remarkable for a tenacfoui memorjr. 
In 1725 he wfrir on a vifit to his uncle Cornelius Ford, who 
dei^iiicd him for fome months, and in the mean time affiled 
him in the claflics. After this he was placed at another fchool 
^t Si'^ijrbrJdge in WorccHerfhire, and thence returned to hit 
fiirhcr'a houfe, as feems probable, to be trained up a bookfeller* 
He ufed to fay that he could bind a book. On the 31ft O£to* 
htt 172S, he went as an aOidanE in the fludiei of a foung 
man, of the name of Corbett, to Pembroke college, Oxford. 
Corbetc was entered aa a gentleman commoner, and Johnfon as 
a connmoner. The college tutor, named Jordan, waa a man of 
mean abiliiie?, Johnfon being fined for not attending his 
Jcciures, faid, " Sir, you have fconced me twttnut for non- 
aaendance at a lecture not worth a prwy.'* Corbett left the 
univcrfity in about two ycwrs, and Johnfon'i falary ceafed, 
Being now Hraitened in his circumilanceSf his poverty was too 
apparent. He had hut one pair of fhoes, and his feet appeared 





a true Qroph«t. Nntwithfl^ndinjE til thefe api^rtrmf^s of wilJ* 
i>cb| Jo^arcQ rcLtl r;) K'ca< advjutjigr, For t u^ impofrd 
u^oQ bifn, h« ivRfiiliEfJ civc MfOiah of ?upc j who T^w ifie 
pcrforoiuicc ibrough ihc mctns of dofior Afbu:bnot*« Ibiit uid 
in ftrofiff rnsiB dfcEjrc<I M« approbation of ir. 

JohaioA continued af Oxfoid fro^ rhe ^itlof O^btr r?^^* 
to December i7~J9t whtji, for vrant of prcunttry fupp]i?i« be 
kfl tbe pUcc; but, htvin^ obc«rned (be affifljncr^f « Infud, 
acturned ia a fhorl riinc, and m cTie whtjlc completed i icfidcncc 
of t(i/ce ^ri, Wfjnderfl »tt rold of b* mraiory, anJ, iiidftd, 
■11, vIh> kn^w bim U(c in lift, can wici^cft itvat he icuLrtj 
ihat fftculiy 10 th( Qf^jtvA vL£i}ur- 

Froni the viiivcr}iir» John^n rrturncd to hit fathrr's hovfc it 
LtchlWId. KntwJihthnJrng the naiural ff jociiy of hit tcitiprr, 
he h4d ib« hr|;hci} f.-iticft fof ifav ^Irryf. F'oin ctmtempcof 
the ficcrdota] crdcr^ he thought the itanfiiion cjfjr to i coa- 
lcffip[ of i«cigion, Hif fith^r diifd in Dcceoibrr I7\ii ^^^ in 
ihc month of Mirch roltdwiDg, Juhnf^u bcC4a»c unJ<t cnifler, 
or tiflur. of a grammir fchoo) at Xtjrkee-Bcftvnrtli in LeFCcfter- 
Ihuc, Oi thi« fchoolfe Sir Wv^(i4n Dixie wat tbc pation. 
Jobnfon wn diftET.ftrcl by thii grmlemin'i prid^, and, io ibe 
J4y foilowto^, IcU if^e place, ctcr afier r>;ej4.Mi^ of it wiib 
sbbiirreice. Ir app^r:t by a otemoranJuni io hi^ ovn hard* 
mititl^, dated t5ib J^ine 1732. ibat hif whMe receipt out cf 
ilia facbcr') ciFtcif was ro mere thari 30 !> In J^;rc J ^53, he 
rcf^d«d W:tb a peiton of the name of Ja'viF, »t Birfnirgnim. 
At ibii ptdce be iranftatrd, /rjm the French* a Voyage 10 
AbT'Ci^^^* written ori^inalfy by Jerome Lobe, a P^^iiuguefc 
jeftiji, and cootaining i nirratiire of the endeavour* of a €om~ 
pany cf oiiilianar^es to aitra^ rbc proplc of ASyfHuia tci the 
cbarcb ol Koae. A forther acc:0Lj;>r cf th« miffit^nary and ihe 
inhabitania of ibc cou^iuy wjII be fuui in ibe Appendix, which 
we propoCe to add Co tfiii cKtradl, At ptaffiu we afc unwilling 
to lofe Gj^ht of our hcic. 

The innilaciaD of Lpbo wat publilhed in >Birmrn^ham 
bookrclirr: what price Jobnfon fatd font docavot appear. In Fe- 
beuaiT 1734 ^ rcti^rntd to Ltch^eld, and in AiiguO follo^litg, 
p«bliO)c<S propofali for printing by fubfcnpnon, id edition olth€ 
liatinpoein«of Politi^in, with ine nifturyof LAtiiipuefry,froenihe 
cracf Pctrareb to tbc wmt Qi pj>hiiani and airo thelifeof Pcli* 
liaa, to be added by the tJiior ; the wuik m be pEintcd in ihiriy 
810 flieet«t pt(<« S*< 1'^' ^^Vkl of cneovrageoveaii the proje^ 
wai heard of 110 more, 

J'jAoIoo, ii fecma, now mterided to beeoit^ tn aucbor bf 
proitfliii- To thisj Sir John Hiwkirn i[)pcats to have Arme 
very nict ar>d <<]uetfnifh objrftiom. H? pomei to a difllnGioa 
between ihr mm, who vrtitci wrth a vi<nv to pjo'^c^ at^d l.v 
*a rTj^^nilcL* of money, folio** 

a;8 Sir Ji>bn Hawlclrii'j E-sltltn of Dr. Jth^fo»*s WirJtt, 

He fecrns Lo wondci thar Ji^nfon d<d rol tn^t^r Into fhe rf- 
iincircni of his HL^uons, but, an The coniriry, amnrd no gc^ 
mine mvlive /or rtii:i(ig, *>ihcr thin nectflij, Trte Jrlicacf 
oi Sir Juhn Hawk;ii5 iT];iy be riffily appc^kil. I'hc AulbDr^l 
who wub intent to profit by his lahrnjr, 6itcs rioiSin^ but wfait' 
)^ ftfir aiiJ morali if he wrrtet i^tll. c^inrcja <i bcntfi on msg- 
kind, ai.d is honourably cni^ilav^d. Horace his lun^i a^o faidf 
Pauperim impuiit a-4dax tit ueriiti fiartm. K»ciot, iloilriu, 
Corneiilf, Molirrc, AdiJifoii, Ciingifvr, Popr, and tiihci6» may 
be added m ihc hfr. If Ssf Jo^" will anlwrr lo hirufcif 
one (.]Uc[]liiri, hia dnubt^ will vjiiif)] i if i n^an ukcs ICD l> fof 
his w(jr^, ir-ttti what impulic dot?* bf ^tlie f 

In the year J 734, J birfon, m pr^rcfutifin o/hb dcG^n, oii^a 
V trnder at tilft Itr^iccB lo Mr, Cjivr, the proprietor of the 
G^jitknuD'tt magAsinc. Hla Ictur upon ihu otcalion b u 

follows '. 

'SIR, N<Tv. 35, 1734. 

' Aj yt/u appfrnr ro Icf* ftnfiblo Ihsn your rcaJrr*, f*f the defetl of 
your ji'^clical drtic.t', yuu w;ll not be difplcafcd^ if, iu onlcr lo ibc 
itrpftivcmtinc of i^ J ctitnniutik'Jic 10 you ifir fcncirnpnn cf a p«- 
iiin, who will uad?rukc, en fcafQnnbk' t«nns fomeiimff to All 
a coJui;>n. 

' Htf opinion it, itrnt the public wi-itild not give von s htJ rc- 
ccftioii, if, bcf^df ihf c^ritni wn of (he mmuhi which ■ cim^I 
ex^mijiAiTon would gcnmJly reduce 10 a nrLJ''ow coivp^i^ you a^* 

Sir John Htvlrfiu'i E^Mt #/ Dr. Jth^^s tftth. 179 

Co M raifpzw. Thcrjjjh rmw cng*;;ed wii^ C*vc, Jofcriron 
thcMgbt himfiilf >i liberty *(> lock r«< othfr^mrt^mrrc. Ac* 
COrdiUfly in IJ^fe* *ie n>*ic ovcrivui to ttr Rev. M». HjJ- 

fbirt, and fj^ocrty a pofi) of Mr. HU?kvf«ll, at Mj^lcct 
Bvfirofih, M beciwite hr« jffitUnu TfaU prupoficka did tfOC 
faccecJ, Mr. Budirorih «ppfch«n^c4 rtiit t^f coftvulfiv aio> 
tkonft. 10 which Johnfun v^ even il ihat lime Tubbed* mighc 
be in Abjpflof ftdTCutt (0 hn fcbollfl, ani of cooffr (tfrn ibeir 
rrf^c^ for the rD-bftcr. Johnfoo bcinp no«r »bo«it ihc b;^ of 
37, iiMjfifd Mri. PiTirr, fhe wijow uf a mrrcti^ at Buoiifg- 
tiain. She Wii ivi>Mh abobt 4fC0l-t which to a ftfktt* itt 
JoAiofon's cir(.-umfl«n»i maJ« it a dcfiE^blc miiih O' h(r 
bMtiCy *nd perfosti chir(T« Jjhnfoo w&« An idinlf«r, i^r^rgh 
b«« bioi^Mphcr doubci nrkcthctf be eva r4ff " ibc bu<n>n face 
di»inc/* H« ctiUiflly wai ir*ry Oiort fi^TC^, b*it k v*%y be 
prcAifrcd ihjE he aprrrt^cbcd near <QCHi|^h lo hJi wife, and* *h«n 
younc, pricrivrd difltntlly. Ginifk aaJ othrra ici'reftti'cd 
her 41 A pAiA(c4 tl^ll, cf liulc va1u% ind difguiTtd wiib atfcfia- 

To lum hi» wilt's foriutf^a to ih* bifi aJvantaee, Jii'irtfon 
now projtiicd 1^ TcLccT'C of an acaiiciny of littoWire, li> t^" 
be wu enroura^fd 87 Mr» Gilh^^i WtUJl«y, rrj^iflrr of ihc 
ccckfiaflical ct>urt of th«b;ihopof Ltchfidd. Of <hia t^ntU- 
Dnin's chan^fr J.ihnfoo bat \t\l a hifidfocnc I^ftiowaia) at the 
end of ihcliicci tdiRund ^niih. Ic apf>rart ihtl^ under fucb 
ptJri>oa^f, he tonk a houfe it a pbcr callni F'fUl^ near LUrh* 
6?ld. Tb< ctJvbraU<l Garriik^ whof^ f*Thcf, rJptain Ga^iuk, 
liTCii at L^iMkIJ, WJ& pUccd ufiticr j^hiii(vi*t cir«, by ih« 
>4vicvof \fVaioflcyH Garrickvaithcc about thr Jg«cf cig!ku<n. 
Ad aCccA'M, boHTCvcf, oj iVuii n? eight puiitit wva ilic mfll 
tbat could be i^btaJned. To remeily tbia a»ai»i of racr^ft, ih« 
Ibhomps »dv<rt*fcfiicnt waa publ{h<o ; ** At ii^ral, vitu 
LicMMd, in Snffbfdiltirc, yajrg GeniTeoicfi are htsardrd, aori 
Ut^^hr :he Latin jrd Gf«(k }inj*i««, hr Sirt^(*TJ J »hrft4l/" 
V>Jc Ocnilemtii'i Mj^^xme 17^6^ |>. 418. The pian, not* 
wiikAafiding, ptowd jboniir. 

It a|>pt#i>, «poii gcud avibiiiiEy> ihit in March 1737. Joka- 
ftm and G«r'i k axjc Mlo^ifa^cllxJ^ mi h^iit^:tck, «rd i/- 
Titfd in Londiiia ii>i£Ctntr. A IfMcf from Mr. Wtlfrtfliy, 
ihouf^H It n« itf>t ihc diu? of t\ir. j'CJr, h<*f* '"fy apj;carjn<e 
o4 bc>E|; vfiiren u^'tn ihj- oc r:iijri. It la diiT^lcd to Ihr Rc«. 
Mf- CuifoiL, a ccIcb^AuU iiiAi:^U'4i^<iajif <n«» ja in tbc fol;ow- 

|l>£ t6«** X 

■ DaAK Sift, LicbSdd, Mvek i. 

* 1 ka^ the fivfiur of yovrf » ao^f imcvtrevkdy ebljt:dto^ovi b«;t 

CiODVt f*;-* t htd a greater ife^tton Iw rou ufon Jt, tkin 1 had 

sSo Sir John Hiwkins'i Edition efDn Jabu/oi^s H^^Htt,- 

h^ToTP, being long fince fo much endeared to you, as well by an , 
tarly fricodthip, aa by your many excellent Bnd valuable qoali fie*- 
tiniii. And, had 1 a fon oF my own, it would be my ambftiODf 
injlrjj of Jtndiny him CO the umverfity, to difpolc of him aa ihii 
vo^ri^ gemlfman is. 

* i!'^ jind nno[ficr neighbour of mine, one Mr, S. Johnfoo, ft tout thii 
mf.Tiiir>g for London togcihcr. Dflvy Garnckii lo be with yooeatly 
[]if nL'..t week, and Mr, Johnfon to iry his fate with X (raged/, flnd 
t[> fed ro f,fz himfelf employed in fomc tranflation cither from the 
LsEirt or iFie Fjench. Johnl'on is a very good fcboLar and a poei, 
gn;% 1 have great hopes, will turn o>:t a fine tragedy writer. If U 
fhoLilJ ;iny wjys lay in y^jr w^v. doubt not but you would be ready 
to rcLommt^nd and aiTiH your countrymen, 

G. Walmslet/ 

The tragedy above mentioned was, moft probably, MabamU 
end I rent t which was aflcd at Drury-!anc in January or Fe- 
bruary I74g^ It >s founded upon a palTage in Knolfes's Hillor^ 
i>^ ihc Turks, a book, which the Reader will recoiled, bu. 
bi^en fincc highly pratfed and rtcominended in the Rambler, 

It liocs not appear that Mrs. Johnfon attended her hufband '\tk 
this his fifft vifit to the metropoliVi The ftock of money whicK 
jLjhnfon and Ga:rick brought with ihcm, wai foon cxhaul^ed. 
yor immediate relief, (hey borrowed of Mr, Wilcox, a book* 
feller in the Strand, five pounds upon their joint note. The 
m^inay was pundtualty Kpaid, Johnfon now wiOied to cnfjge 

" ' in*j Ma- 

niure dijfcly wifh Cave, the pubtilh^r of Ihe Grnl]em;ai 

* B' fik^fd te fiVAUf rat wliK a ^p«e^/ A^ifWcr, j{ y<M iro eoc 

iwilliftff to »agag« in iliii fchcoie; »^ appoiAl ne ndi/ lo wait o« 
TOii, if foy «rc. 1 uUr Sir, /our hvmbU kr-rtmt. 
In conrrquwice of thb lerttr. Johnfon uid CtfC wrrc ijiawn 
inio 1 cit^r^T tn^in-.iCf. Oirrick now prokflcd hit inrcnlion to 
«(»b«rk » jp i^T, ind, to gtrc C^vc a fpticimeti cf hU uknij, 
»drd in l^r room ovtr Sr. John'i Gate (vher« Circ JivedJ ibe 

Of CtTcS c^ufido it t* unntceff4rj to hy >ny ihing in ihii 
pliw, » d«£lof J^hnfdn h«i given the Jife n' that miraoniintfr^ 
OKI. HkJ to do pro^eiTion, wichouc rdaiiom, friciitli, oi in-' 
Itrtl^t Jo^nfun W4b nour an *dvtaiur?r in The wiiJc worlds The 
Aiti o/ iiijinuicoo he dL<i not unLicAand: wih hu naiurj] 
vtMfgfiRcrt, sppfoachJng 10 fcr^icirjF^ he ruhtr chofe to drfpU^ 
hi* |kArf», ut tbc riHc of bcm^ thought ino£«nt| ibin to WAtt 
tiihtt itrt futroojigf, or ihe reconTiri^dArion cf fricAdi^ With 
aM the AfptrJiy of hit vantterti from which m»ny revolrcd, he 
itli the ivoJtff ftnt^iiom of pity, friendltip, «nd compiJionp ia 

»a nfti>li cRH^icnt de£f<«. He rclitc^ to • Aitcil contpjny the 
flii:iiiUr iikie 0/ duclor NichuU* Hodgct, who* dijrij>^ the ^idgi«c 
i» Iv^njon, u) 16^^, wxt ilvotl lie <>n»7 pbyficitn whD ^^d 
in Lf^don, and iJfVr<d hii art icr the Ipre^ding cooiagion. 
AUer (hii pxinardtnir^ rfFori of viiiur, <hi( very man died & 
|)fif6aer Ua debt in Lud^aic. H^i biographer heard him leJl tbu 
m;iecdo:e nich leart ready 10 fljri from his cyti : " Such a 
fnan, he fiid, wo«ld Dot tiave been fuiictod to pttUh in ilielit 

tjdbfif.m hiJ been ccmnKndcd by Pope for hb iranfljifatt 
oJ ibc M:i1tAh iiuj L&tJD icffc: but ht kncvr no appiDiich 
10 f> fmrncnc a crao. With one^ however, who «u con- 
ncdfd with ?ope, be became acqaajnic^ aiSL John's Giie, iii4 
ch>i prrlon i»M no other liiaii ibe velJ-koowc Richard Savage. 
Of Ibii man, Johnfoti bai vrriiieo the life with gfeai eicfancr, 
and drpih of inuritl reSf^Joci. Sir John Hawkins tclb ua 
ihti S>vage tovk o^ his hat with a f;ood j^r, and BiMJe a gricc- 
fuJ bow. Tb^nC cha/mi, b; fitp, uii^hE ^pciite upon Jobnfon, 
wbo had not been afrd Eo geniee) coQipinyt but ii^ accord- 
ing 10 Ibe Uo^rjpftefV noiik'n. he never law the ficc of hia 
^a^^ haw Ibottid be perceite che gracei of Savage ? Johnfoa 
commenced an intimacy wilh thia cxt/aordinsry pcrioo- Botb 
had gicai piritf and they wrrc r<iuat4y under ihc prcfTurc of 
wuit. Th^y hid M felfovz-f^clinj;, and Sympathy umced ibem 
ctofcf. Jdhn^in ha* b^n ni'tni hrird la fcli, thti he and 
Sava^ w*Ik«fJ tounJ Gr^^^nor fqujie till fojf in the ntorn- 
Ing, to the co^rfe of thfir rrHiTcrfaiion rrformirig tbe woild, 
dcihfonifig princcf, tiUbliniiing i»w foroii of gr>veK*«t-«^^^^ 


a*2 aV Jobn Hairklns'j EJkron vf Dr. yohft/m'i f^arku 

giving liw^ to difFcrcni i1«!?» ; and vrhfn at lifl ruiguct! with 
thtrif Ifgiflitiuc office, thry vaniffd frficfhmcnf, hath together 
toutj roE jntkc up oicrc than tKc Turn gf fourpcD^t htlfpcnnjr. 
Wirh ihis mar, Jo^nfon liveJ in tnn>Tncy ii]f the hrginniog 
of 1758, when Savage, upon the ftreflgth of ■ fubfrTipE^oQ 
raifed by his fiienii! (chirfij' hj Mr. P»>pt;), wii 10 rrtiie from 
the vice* of ihe me(Topoi!» to Swiiiff^ in Wiles. About th« 
lime Johnl'f'n finfhcd hia ImiiJtion of ihe third Uiitc cf Ju- 
venal ; the firft lines aniicipate the retrc^^tor hiv fncnd Suv^gc: 
Rcfolv'd at length itf^^n vice- arnJ LiinJofi fu 
To breattie hn diftant Jic1d« a purrr lir^ ^_J 

And ftv'd on C<mbrU% fotilary fhorr, ^BH 

Give to St, David one ime Britun more. '^ ^ 

Thit p^em, «hcti 6i';ifhedj waa u^tred to Cav«i ifi appeatt 
liy tr»c fotiowLng IcLtcn: , 

• S [ R. 

■ When I toot ihe liberty of wricirg to you a fe* dayt a^, I did 
not eipeA 1 FepeiiEion cl the faoie pJeafute fo foofit Jof a plcafure 
I [hnll alwap iliirk ti lo coai^rle in anj' manner with an ingeniou* 
and (4Dc]itl m^r ; but having the ioclorird pocjn In mf hiodi ro 
difpofr of for the hcndit of the Author (of whofe ibiliiics I Ihall 
^y TK'lhing^ 6nce I fend yon hii prrnjiniance}H I bHieveJ I cuuld 
■01 procure moie MUvjaiEL^rtiuA lennt Irom Any pBEfoti (hau ffom I 
}OB> wbo huvc fo niu^h diiUugtiinied youifeU b^ your gepcrova eo* ^ 

Sir John Hawllnt'i ^^^hn ^ Dr. Jfht/iv'j Wa^h. 

llic fwnik^r- po0. whether yf>ii icMrc %-i print ihe pwn. If 

pTtilc to lenci ii m« b> ihe pofl, with a hok (o Dodfliff, I 

WUJ go tnd r^ti Che linn lo Mm, thti w« ma^ h«ve hit coiHtnt 

to pBi kifl Dftote in ibt 1L(I« pigV' A> ;o div priniin£, if it c«i 

bfl Ht ioiacJoiclr ^Uf^Et I wilt b« fo ndch rhc authur'i rHmd* 

I ftot to c<ni:cii{ onyfcir with mac roliciutiooi to hii Fivovr, 

(HOporc. if mx calEuli;iun be nnr tl^c uutli* lo cnvt^ Tot iho 

rffborfiTiticnE oi ill thKt yt^a OiiTl l<rff by in bnpr^%pn of joo, 

yvldH, at yOD very ^r^cFoiiJIf prdpAfr, ifaat the prnrit if An^^ 

fe( i&dv for ilic Aucbor'a ofr, cvc«p(tnc the pr<f^ai yoo made, 

ic&, if h« be ■ tiincr, is ia fit h« Ihoald repay, I b«£ fou witl 

of four ietrxnu write ja exjft i«counr of the « T]Vfirr<rf 

impreiBoit, loJ Trnd itwirh ch* poroi, that I tniiy know 

I •0|;:iBr fo*. 1 am vriy Icniibic, /fom ycur gfrvrcfivy oa 

oadi#o, of joar r^f^tid lo kwniDKi even U in unhApp«eft 

ite ; a»d C4i;iQof but Lhmk fuch a trmprf itrfrrviDg cif t^« £<^ 

U of CboiCr wh^ fitl^r lo ofL<n ff^Tm a coniriirjr «lirpofitia&. 

1 IB, Sir, yoaf moft humliU fervtat, 

S«u. JoirvftOK,* 

[c btpfiTAn!, hottt^/n^ tHac ib^ lace Ur, D^IT'ir bccaaie 

'tke purchikr, » ih« pric«, £fl hii bi^gfjphcr ibiflts oT 

50)* II Pope W4\ impjrturtJic 10 kn^JW ;bc Author of the 

fTece, ihe lecrcf> wliic^ I^TdHf^r kreir, would ooc hire r<* 

laiocd coii^fjlril, (fpcciiljj wl^cd rbc diiVvvcTf might bfl«r 

of th< givitci advaotige toM^. Joh/ifon; ?<'p«, how- 

^r^ fitd be Mould nc< tc long cancelled : for ibb rcn»«tic he 

Ifad uot DW^ (o recc4[<^ mtti MllfOA f^rd of 1 beautiful 

roiftitt, *^ Whoever thou iiit| ibog canA AOC lo^ir be cod*' 

kl^di'' brviure Tcrtncc hid rjiJ Jncig before, Vhi^ *^ ^» 

JM €iL-in riOT p*t^-f SiJ John Hiwkfni Midi, ibat Jobnioa, «i 

lis p:>raj» baft idofxcd ihe vu^gir lo^ici of Ibe tioic, to^n- 

if/ Ite wiU-t'cSrfKC of a faCtxin ; Ihti ii dogmtticiily la>4, 

rt wc hvpc (V(it 10 pjycouti (o«nv pcif^o, or pavty, uf the 

rfEoi(>ay. J^hnlbn b»i(d hit ivind w»iN ihe ardour ofju- 

:n«l, and he itro:e with fbc rpljU and energy of a fine podt 

■ ^11 p arrcjffr of rhe Timca. 
A* D<kI1 V kc|ii tbc fccnt. It i« no wonder that JoknfoQ 
iord D'» p«irMi«^c by bt« ^txtit, if he wriotc U>t a ^«d«on, 
hi> b«ii^''phcf thuiifi, thai li^ioo tiV-M b^ve cmiiraced, 
ritii ojtffi crmtt a oua ^ eiviinciilly «]Vil»l»cd lo ^rvc their 
M. No facb ELjng bipfsnted. Jobtiioo, «uh »1| ihe facoo 
rf kit p^cfjr, vriM m Au^ ufl '730* to oiFcr hi«i<clf a c*n<M<- 
!arc fur ihr cnafleit^t? of the Ichcol at AppJeby in L^oriter- 
tiir, which hoppeAcd then to be vie^OT. i he IIuueo o\ (be 
icc crr^drnNl, ttoAt t^€ pfffoD eholVn, (rumU be a ntjftrr iM 
arti« Tif frmove (Alt o^irdl<H», be fo'^ttd m'aoi loobUintHa 
.ioiercft t>f the U:p lo:d Oojict w^th a fiicnd ol hi« tonUbip'tt 
10 pii>:uic lor Johnfoa a lOillei't de^r« uv ite uva<- 

204 Sir Jobn Havkin^V EMlhn tfDr. J^imfm^s Worh, 

vctCvIy of Dublin, by the recommend at ion of doftor SwtAv 
Thia expedient (^aifed- There is reaTon to rhink, tfait Swift 
declined tu mtddie in the buGnef* ; and to thii circumfbDCC^ 
Johafon's known diflike of Sffifc h)> brcn ofceo imputed. 

Jdhnfon, thus difippointcd, returned to London, and pub- 
lidicd ptopofdls Tor a ir^nilatlon of Father Paul's Hiflory of ibff 
CoLinc»] of IVent, in two volumes quarto: twelve fheeit of 
tbe work were pfinied iifF; but a like dcHgn beiog offered to the 
PubZ>Gf ffom another quarter, under the patronage of doctor Za- 
chary Pcarce, both aiiempta wi^re fruftiated. Of Johnfoo'a 
noihmg now remaini. His mind^ however, was keenj vigoroua, 
and aflive. He formed a muldplicfiy of project (of which 
more jn our Appendix to hJS Life), but all were eiiber fore- 
f^iilcd by others, or abandoned for want of encouragement. In 
November lyjS, \\t publilhed, at C^ve'f, a tranftation of the 
fdmDus Crouljz'5 remarks on Pope, bearing the title of ** An 
Ilx ami nation of Mr. Pope's Sjfay QH Man : containing a fuc- 
cinit View of the Syftem of the Fatalifts, and a Confutation of 
their Opinions; with an Uluftraiion of the Doctrine of Fr« 
Will, and an Inquiry what View Mr, Pope might have tn 
tojchin^ upon the Le:bnfizian Philofophy and FatBlifm, '^j 
Mr. Cioufaz, ProfelTor of Philofophy and Mathematics at 
Laujanne." To thii trarHation Johnfon did not fet his nanoe. 
Jt is well known that Warburton undertook the defence of 

f«dl It h< himf^lf rrpfrfrfiff, ft h »tII fof ipiirktn'f rhat he It 


'■/wit $f 



Air* Br^^kr^ /tiriffsr e/ (i\fftivv» f^irf^ ** 4i*^ t73<»- Undtf iHe 

tbe Marmir K^rfikimft («hkb wc hiV« ncvrr fctfl!, Xht bio* 
gnpfirr (iyij Ihit inej' hiK- iviihfr Irarnin^F nof wif, n"r i liogle 
ny of ch^t ^nJLi'f which h&) Grcc blaittd (oflh. f»ct be to 
tbcir niAr> ^ 

Abf;«l the end of 17^, > f^bfcrTption wti completed for Si- 
"£*■ "hjwis lo fctijc :o SwdHifcii Johnfon ih^n WgrJ ic 
Giefii'«ich, *nd th«f«]>arted with ih« oompaninnof hi mknt^bt 
rifnbica, never to frt him morri Thta fVp»r«iion wu* ptrba^ys^ 
■ tpjI >dv4ntage to Jrthnfon. In the rcfnpioy rrf Si^agr he 
loved wtnc flicn^ liquors^ vnd, perhi^t, ffocit in e K^mple fo 
contigiausj cootra^cd f tiit deli^Hi m midntghi hourr, And cniny 
oiher habiu, whtch ihrouj;h thr rrfl of h'l life ht tvii d^I *bJe 
fo conquer. If^-t ^tfOijiciiic frcm wine Jrtt flMrp; liLjui^r* beir^it 
foon after (he lor* ^f Siva^r, and commurJ from iT*r limr, *trih 
fitlk vtritlion, lo (be enct cf Si> life. Btrt incfolrnce Atid di0ip** 
tion of time ^il] pr?v:ii)cd. He never \(eni to reft at ir|>ulir 
hovrfi oor eauld he, with all h s effonv, rifr n etjthi. During 
Ml coinnc^ti^d wii^ Siv^t^e, a A>i>m (cpMJiiojt tivf^k plare beivrrrn 
Ji>hn(o(i >nd hii wife : ihej werv^ ^oi#(v«r, lotiti bfoughi lo;eiher 
AgtiA. Jobnfon luvcd her, >od Ibcviei) hi> ftffcifliun rn V4rit;ut 
model of ^allanfry, whkf» Girticl: ufeJ to mioie Ti^e aftV^I- 
AliOD of lalHionibte urt did not ftc cafy on J ^hnfcit : hii g*1- 
Iviiry wa« rccrifrd by fhc wi/c with Ehc flmterof a nii^uciie} 
•od bothi we may behevc, tKpofrd ibeflifeiro 10 rtdicvle- 

Htiheno Jahftfon lodged for ibe ^atefi part 0/ h« ciftie in 
EKeier-ffreet. behind Eireier cAailsce in the Strini!, Though tie 
foticiied Cave in trj^ yet (he Mjgix i>e w^i provitJrJ with 
fueb virjoui afliflinre, that he w*i nw fuJHnrn'ly empkjj*d. 
He g4«< ihe li^cf of Boerhiave, XA*Vf^ Kirrarer, )n4 oibcM. He 
wrote air:^^ for thr Mi^ar^ni*, the Li^eo^Fuber Paul, »n abridg- 
ment, u >t fetm$, ol wait be inierded to prelix to the Hifto<7 of 
ibe Counetl of Trent, In ordet (O pin, tf p:>ltMe, the friend* 
Aip of Cave, be addrelTfd to bim a Lvtn Ode, qpon t^ fvbjrd 
0/ the viauy eoHnpniEv:! *hEC^ ihc <jcn:koi*f]S Mag^iUne h«d 
to BruggJc vi(h. The turo BrA tinei of ibi» lery beavtifol Ode» 



sS6 Sir John Hifflins'/ E£rioit «/Dr, Ji^ftn't jyvrki^ 

From the year 1736 the cppoiificn 10 ch< Mirjiriti had en* 
^urdgrd Cave 10 give the PiriUmcntU'r Dcbiita \u liU Map*- 
mine* Guihrip was ihr pcrfon emplayed fcf ihra puipcre. En 
I7h4jo 1 Johnfon ^uc^ctedcd to that deparimecit. Tlie c1oqufn»» 
tbc forte of JirguEitrnr, and [he Iplcndt^E of l^n^ua^, d^rpfiycd 
in the ^veril rpec-cfiCE, are well known, and univerLlly kdmiif d. 
Wc cannal refrain, in cbls pUce^ fforrt ihc Inrenion uf ao adcc-- 
dote, w^ich we ean icT^rr upan gnod auibcity^ Dr J'>hnr»n^ 
Mr. Wedderbtitn [noiff Lord Lmigb borough)* Dn Franci* (ihc 
nanfUtur of Horace), Mr. Mu'phy, the lair Mr. Chenwjn, loi 
Several other gentlemen, dJned with Mr. FnotP. Afitr dinner^ 
an imporUnt dcbiTc, iow>ird the enJ Q^ Str Rotrcrl AVd^poTc'a 
Kiminiftratitjn, being mentit'nrd, Do^or Fr^nciB iibferved^ ih«t 
Mr< Pin's fpcefh, upjn that occifiHrn, wii th* btft he hid ever 
read. He had bcrn empliiy^d, hir adJed, duting a number uf 
years, in the lludy of Dctno[lr^cn»^ ind hiiJ finiOlcd air^ntlatio 
o£ ih^i celcbra[cd oMcor, »i(h all ibe dccoraiions of ftyk ui 
language tviihm ihe rr^ieli of hie cipACit^. Many of the co 
pany (ccncmbeced iHe debate, ar.d tct-eritl pa{la|^et were Cited fru 
the Tpoech, v>ith ihe jppTobition and appbufe ot ill prrfcn 
During ihc ardc^ur of ttic convcffiEi^n, Johnfoii tconained fiknt. 
When the urirjnih of pr^ilc fitb/idEil, he opcried l^h\^ ihcfe 
words; "That fpccch 1 wore in a garret in Exet^r-ftreet," 
Tlie company w^s llruck wiih altoniUimenc. AlreF Jldiip^ at 
tach oita«r, for fome time* in &lem amaze, Dt- Fr^neit afked 



Sir John Hinlctfii'i £dilim ffDr. J^h^^ ^<ritf. sfj 

C>fl ikit new tWe f n4 of J 74.3. From that litiic tbc; wtrc vrlttcQ 
by l>f. Hjwk«fwofth to :he yf>r 1760- 

In 174,3 ^' ^< O^^irc ihc U'Xikfcrer, who kept « fLip in 
G»y% loo, vpniyfffd 'vpxfchjft thr E^rl ofOxfoni'v libraiy^'J 
u thf piicc 0/ I jtOOoA H« pTt^JG^lril « cAuiufEue in Bvc <»^4<«CI 
voJuoiefi, at five 0ulhrigi each. Juhnlbn «r» employed in Um 
painful and Ubori^ud dnj«?i;rry. He wa« lilccwifc to ffMt fiQf« 
the Mfif ihouJtEKl vulanicp, cF whkh theltbnry conJiftrd, aU 
fuch naiDor ira6t> ;tr>ij fvgito^ piecrit 4.1 w«r« in any (^gr«# 
ww\h pfc£civiin-t wiih iruiii ta rcpitiit and puMrfb ibc wtole 
in a ci>I>d c>:>, ca\UA inr Hailrun MiTc^lUnr, T(i« r^ialogut 
vai conplclr^^ iiniJ thcH^flcitn M^rcttUnr wn, ^n I7;9t pub* 

trap^fjycd m a work fit for 1 day^Uboufti, cnuft fE'^e ro evtr^ 
nadcr ■ pjiinful fcAtvtion. He WJi» cl«riri|f (h« wbutr amr, a 
I1611 FQ the t(»U. He pauffj occal>o»a1Jy lo read ibc book th^t 
came to hia har^a* O^'RC ibow^bt that Tiich curtuliif teii3t4 
19 nothing buf d^Iiy t hr rfprnachr<^ him foe bi« Tifoirefi nltli 
all tbc pr>dc an4 inf^Uncc of a man, wh^ kdcnr ih4( be p>i4 
daily w»ge«f ifiii ibcrrforc ttwii^ghi ihal he m ghi ilTLim^ m un* 
warrAjiuVct lupfriorrir. In the cowffe of the dirpuie, Olbonk«t 
wiih ;b4C it>vghiiera which waa oaivraJ la huD* in anf urei co 
Im* aflcriion, bJvotlv gave the W, JobnUon Tetft^da folio, sn4 
knocked tbe bixikklier dciwn, Thla anccdo4c hat bcm cftea 
told to pfdvejohfifon't ferocity t btit mefii tinnot alw>y< i»k« 
ihe rpflfna of the unwoith;rt vitb patience and a forbet/ing 


Hivinf; e^riiplfitd Olbi>rnc'i work, and being rtlrafcd front 
\^w refvke^ Joliiikii pul^ikflicii, in Fcbfuaiy 1744. (be lift: uf hit 
vofo'tosiKMicffd ^it^age. 1'^ift it fioi the phce 10 f|Kik oC 
the woikt nn« tndr<d 11 an accnuiK of it necelT^ry. fi it ia 
cv«f| body'i hands, and hii been always *da%ired j* an elr^nC 
p«cc (jf biOf^riphy. The Avibor had now liicd ^e*i\y hah k*« 
iJayi : wlibwui Iriendi or liicr*iirp profVdMir, hr had loiM and 
bbi>uiC<^t )<t UjII, *i be hifnfcU cHpfrftcs it, wa* to prrivi^c fof 
the day thai wi& palTintf orti him- Of the ptofrActn of a/i un* 
(ciCfld^ aH^lbor^ ^t Uw ib« d^'^fi;!! and the diftcuUici, Am- 
ktfid» Mho had cowlifdlcd ibe Ccalifaian, Savage, Santurl Boyfe^ 
tuA ojbrrf, who htd ItooiiKd in Jjierat«re, wichn«« einerf^ing 
from dittrrfs vcfe icceut CN*fnt>lc*, and clouded hi> pr«f,;cd« 
Iq ihc eou'fe of brs llvtiiet, hr had l':itiTLvd a lift of kiic'aiy pri>* 
jcdiii col U£( ibin fo'ij nine afttcLo i bui Cucb wa» hi« want of 
VBCoufa^E OK riT, u( 4hr ve'hiility t>f hii iroiper, itaat »(n ooedf^] 
at| bu Ich'tnt* wai ciecutr^, A new (indcrtakicijt o«v ocevrr«tlj 
10 hini, nari^ely an cttjiiun of S i>4ti I'prare. Ai ^ urtlvdc 10 thiv- 
Wift", h* pjbUOitJ, intheie,r 1745, '^ MtjitHmt^tOi'fi'V^ 
mm m iht Trggttt, if Mnikifk^ %tjub Hmsrh m Sir fUmm H^^ 


3B8 Sir John Hawkiot'j £Jit£M fif Dr. Jchjtfint IVofh, 

m/r'r BtSliort of SMr/pfore^ and Prapofah for ^ ntw E^lisn ij 
hii/ifcJf."' This was iiucndcd ah i Jpccimcn of his ibiliEic*, and, 
indrcd) the trad bi« futh evident aiarks of a fctiolar s>nd a 
|icnius, that W^rbunon, m hia own cditron, fpcaks of it in 
handfome terms. The notice of ihe Public waa» hcwcvcrj noi 
exciud i thcic wai rio friend to promote ^ fubfcr^plion | ihc pru>' 
jt£l died ar ihat timr^ lo revive at a future prrind. 

A Acw un<lcrTakij^g wa^ now propofed to Johnfon, f]ime?y, 
an E^i^ltQi Dictionary, upon an ciiEArgcd plaiu Sr/cri? of fhc 
moft opulrm Booklelltra had long mcdJiared a woflc of ihia 
k!nd i Jchnfon wa& in the vigour oF life, ard ih? a^rceofrnf wp> 
foon aiiju^ed bsrween ihc pinies, EnjbrjIJcned by ihit eonnrc- 
tion w't'-h the Rrft Bookfittlcra in lou'n, J<<hnfon now thought il 
(iropcr ic) have a brtrer h<ihira(ton ih^it tie had hiihertn knuwir, 
'Jo thi^ time he had Jodged with hia wife in courts and :i]le)is tn ' 
and about ihc Strand and FIcet-drcet ; bul row, fur the pufpofc 
cf carTying on his arduous uf^.d^tt^^iing, and to be near ihe 
Fjintcr* he took a houfc in Gough Sqjare, Fkct-ftfcel, He 
wpnt ro wnrk without delay ; hve or fiK 2inaiLucnrt5 were con- 
itandy under hia dirf^ion. He was now toM litaC the Earl of 
Chcflerfield had fpoken favouribly o*' hia dcCgn, In cdufe* 
(lucncc of this information, he drew upj m 1747, a plan of bit 
Df^tiooary, and dedicated It 10 Lord Chr(t<-[' field, (hen Stcrr* 
tary cf Suie. Mr, Whitehead, afterwards Poet Laurctr, was 
charged wlih the tnanttfcnpr, 10 order co convey it lo hi 



John Hi«kjnt*j Eaifm »fDr. JthtfttU tVtrh. sS^ 
ntDoSbk for ri« to lotf, thai I nm almoSi tn a ^evc; whcntwr \ atn 

hi dir^nc« oiiiJKriU thc<o«a««ri flm^ijr^ of ikchuviM bodr* HiJ 

r[i *nd iTEDt err ncrtf i:^ the po£Uon nhich, AKcrJing to the liCiM- 

lion of Ww h«3v, ibry oof»bi to b* in, bat conflamly cspJnyrd Ja 

111 dnvn Xu ihfMC, u^hatcvtr he mrAr.i la Jrialc, aitd 0«ly KiirDkx 
ffhlt b« m»ni to Ctfrc, fa«iieivi>ve lo all chc regard) cf focisJ iiff. 
c niftinKi, md mir-pUc<» every iliins;. He Sirpvici viih tcai, 
nd k>Jiriii*iUj;Lf].v, inmcjirft of t[tc rank, cbir.idrr, ;i?<J Gm4(i<in 
ttf thtB «kli T*hflin h? dtlp'jt^i : »t>TijUiiri/ ignf^-ant of lh< fcTvral 
r^ationi cf fimiJi^rity lad rffpt^, br ii ena^tlr the ftsie 19 bi> 
Dj>7Wor*« hiicqiiali, >rd hif inri^Fircvi ind th<ref;ir« by a pcCcfTar/ 
(f^uonc?, ^bfuid to Ewo «f the thrcr. !» it poJ^blc to \c\t ruch 
mill f iNu, TTic tfimuJl I cali Ji> for lutn, ii, jo cooiiiUr him u 
refpcfljWv KoiTfBTnr.' 

Aftef iF^e inctdcnt <)' Collcf Cil>tff, lohnfon piic op aII 
«p7B of pjtr>}iuge- A dcJicilicjn mr^M pjoiper bi» Lord(hip*ft 
nnitf, t»«ir promift^ 10 hiffifrlf no kind of advjnc>g«. He 
Hon^ht that he hiil rc^c^^ so vffVoftt, and in t II) le of rt&nc- 
1*^1 wri>te 1 Jtfttrr uprxi the Kctfi'irit cnnctixfipg w^h a fornil 
rtouDciatiuo for cvff ef hit Lordlhrp':^ patroTia-^. In hit higK 
IIkI ik^ifivi: trine h« ufrJ tt* fay, that LurJ CielcrJseU wjs ft 
Wit %mr>t\^ Lotdi, 4n<t » L^^tij among Wtt*. In fact, Jdfeafiin 
■r4i rvf< ^■ncd of rhc (rjnftcliont Jiiid Ipokc of it upon ^1 
bccifioAt un[b ihv |«r»lr{l f'ovttenipr. 

Soo<i after ihc Irfttrr to l^rd CMlcrfirld, Girricl:, in con* 

un^lroQ vitn f^acT, br^^amr pit«nTr^ u4 Drt<ry-hne plifhoulc, 

or ihc op«riin2 of ihr ilvritfc in ^vpt. 1 74 \ Jattnfon vrroie, 

DT hii fjitnd, tht wdUknvvvn prologue, wbxlir if wc caccpc 

1r. P.ipt'i to ih<; mgtdj ol Cato, »ft p4-rlup», ttvc befl in ific 

:QgT4fh o' inv oi^hcf laiii;«a^. The pL)li»Mle \icitt^ i\ow ia 

fUr 'laniit U GirrMk, Irkhn^m into more (h-^uft^t or hit tr«* 

ctjjr i»f Miho^ct and IfCiLC, urbich wai b>> «h<Jir flock <>d htl 

HI a'fiMl in town. In tbc wHiier 1749 thr play wit xfM, 

rith the iJvantjfi<aof Gffrjclr, B>irry, M^«, C^hbcr, Ai>d Mri, 

hicharil. Never wa.i iFir>r in pfiini ni iiT?fl«>, fctnim, atkI ifie- 

Qfil^nt, k-cb a cfifp'iy o< f^il^n mij^Tii^rFiKc: b;ir, f«yi &ir 

i>hn Hjwkni, * tbr di^fnn wjt cold and pbilofopbicJ 1 U 

•-AV ffom the b(i4 of the wnivr, ami mf '^rtl itoC tMj bcttti of 

he hcifcrs-' Tti:i m-iv be tSe pUte to Ti>tititr>ii iKr d<fl*iLdiiNi 

iJ'rKk made betiaeen Juinf-wa a-^d SHitHtJfa:*i " A'l tbaiihc 

ornicr WTitra, e^n'Ck fr<r<nhi^ head: ■kh'ii Snak^fpra^c fit down 

t> wrirr, he 4ippr4 k^ p*n infu hia^ura krari,'* Wc IbJI out 

ere cEtlrr on a evLiicat eii«r>ti»itiOA of the |^lay ^ the Aathcr'a 

Irurk) Will be Defofc «', wltri we have ^one thiou^h hi a life. 

>«rtflig the r*prcfent»tio* of Mitiomet anti I'me, J ihnfon wii 

aanttaoiiy bvbifid ibe fceix^^ .miJ, ibinktii^ thtc bit cbiu*clcr of 

Riv. A]>ri', ijS;. X »^ 


Sir John HawHfli'j Edttion sf Tyr,J»hnfan't fPwrhu 

an Author required fomc ornameni for his perfon, ht chafe, u] 
thaioccflfwn, to ^ccoralt himri?If wi>h a ^oU-Uccd wiificu«. 
Tbc piece did nor fuccEfd bcvf^^d nine tiighis: t^rcc cjf iliem 
were hf the bencfii of ihc Author i whai was ihe amount i< net 
Ini>bvn, but, probably, i[ #d& nat very confidcrab!c« a^ ihc p><fii(« 
thai Et^mulaiiag motive, Eievcf invit^ him lo anoihtT <h?4tikal 


That fhe hiflory of an luthor nu(J be found i:i hfi work*, it| 
in general, a (rue obftr^ancni and w;^s :>'.'Vrr more appirfirt 
ihun m the life b'-fore us. Every epocha of Dr. johnU>n*» life 
i* fited by hifi wriimgs, In (*ie begirinin^ of ' 749t he pob- 
ltJh^J a fccond inLiiatLon of Juvenal, namely of (he xtniix Siitirti 
tinder the ticie of '^ TJie Vjnify of HuniJD WiJhet," \i *i|l 
be fufficiem to fay, in ihii place, ihat ihc po:ni haa been a|wi^3 
held in bigh cfteem. The pamciibr be-iutici (Tiall be pom ted 
our h^rt:ifter. In 1750 a ^rand-daughter of Milton hid > b«- 
tirfic ^( DruE^-iantf plavhuufe, and Juhnfoa wrute the Prolit^ur, 
iii ill-? ifieantime hU Diflionary wtiit on. The fum ltipuij|«d 
tviih ihe Buok^fcJlers wta 10 be paid, from time tif time, as the 
wnrli procceJtd, Th's Was the Author's only fuppon. The 
inrciifc ipplicitiun, which this vafl pcrformaQcc required, d«- 
prJveJ him of hi\ favoiiritr pteafures, fuch ai reading rn bii it' 
fglt^ry manacr, <nd the ConvcrnttJon of hie frJendK* To foFtert, 
ft« wcJI as hecouldi thi^ inconvenience, he had fo^nvcd, in i;40. 



Here \h\$ m\X\ be pcrfcflly new ; but htviog nnihing in v'ew, at 
prrfcrr, but the hittory «f his )if?, we Jbtll reOrfc the dif- 
ciiA<>ri of ihtt point j'of A Tutufc oppoftutiicf. Dvcr an<) Jstin- 
fott «(«d lo^irpute At ihJA dub about the mofnl ^ilTc and ihc 
fitncfa oftlbifi/ii but JohEifun wt> not unffofm in h^) opinionii 
contending a« 4>f(eii fne vidorj a« for iniih. Thia ij^firrviity «r- 
tcnded htm ifaioufb life. At the club, howtvef, bi« moibid 
mrljnclioljr hi4 iu IucilI inteivais 1 bui hi> bio^raph<r kavti «i 
10 jitfeii, how hU ci^mp^nLona contrived to difpel the ;^Eaoa». 
Jo)inron, he tell* »*% would coj.lTadid fclf-cvtjcni pfOjsoGtioflf, 
Aich ai^ tbit the luxury td ibj* couniry hai incrcakd with its 
richev, and thii the pradkc of card pUjing ii more g^coeral 
ihaa kereEo/on, \\ fucb w«re ihe fopict, who would not labuur 
undttra Borbid mehintholr f Str Jolii H^Alcinf telU ui, that 
in the ulcnt of liumour {bfre h^idty ever wii JolinJbn't c^ual; 
boc he ^ivei do tnftince or itlu^inoa. I'hat tiO: be Iravei to 
|be J-velv und<fl!4ndJn|; of Mri, ThulCt or t be dili^tttt atten- 
tion of Mr B^ifwcll. 

Wh le a member of thiv cttib al the eho>*bcufr in ]Tv-1aD^ 
Johiifon hid tbe plan of rbit crlfbratcd pipcf, ibr RiitibEer. \i 
WM bfgttn without asy ptntcipiuon with bn c^ophoufr coin- 
pinion*. Tbe UrA number tlTtied forth on Tucfdar> ihc 26th 
Mtreb, %J^^'%0\ the pjpci wu rcfinj^arly publifbrd on Tutf- 
dap «Dd Jia;i;rd*yi, tiJl the Ubogri of ihc Rambler coneJi^kd 
on Mirch 17, i75'» The whole atiivber of effaji amounted 
to two htfttdred aad ct|[ht. S^r Jobci Hfewkrrvi hj>% wr know 
wicb c«n«iu]y of ocilf fojr cfi«( wcr doI of h\j own writifi£ f 
«r>. No ^o, br Mti- Ctthiru^'C T^Lboc i No. 9^* by Mr. 
Ricbwdfi^n, Auibt^r of ClarifTi^ and Km. 44 and iCO, by Mn. 
C»rt«r. Thi* aecounC ii noc peffeilly aeeurafr: the U<^ Num* 
ber of tbe RiEnbkr rcniiarx aTfo four btllcti i» th« icih paper} 
the ftcoAd letter in Hie 1 ^ih ; ind the fecood letter in No. 107. 
Tbi>a ti Buft be owiwdf wu flc^nder aifiRiore. 

Of ibe ity-l^ne club, the Author, ai ii lermi, mit^e no oiher 
itfe, tiiian to eii berr--fle««t wuh ihem, to difcali po^nrt wiih 
Mr. DfCfi Mnd withdraw hii mind froni tbe fatigue oi bia ^udtei. 
That hi* chsf'f a companions were not infpiieJ with Tome ocea- 
Coftal ciFiyit la fomewrtat Jjrigulir, One ^Ould hate Ihoogbi 
ihst Hu^fetnin hieaielf would have wriicrn ^n eflay, D<ikDpe 
'*1'a fSi^iui conJilU in certain motioAi of furtoua joy and pride 
of foul upon the <oneefiiiori of a great bin 1 : fbme, he addv, 
b«*eibe Akotit^Ai wiihouc ibv hiarii otbrrt h<ve ihehinii with- 
out tlkc Aotiooii and ■ t^iiO fcl bave nrithei the hinit nor the 
notiOEif- In wbkb cUf* are we to pUce the ir>einber) of ibc 
cbop-bovfc cUb^ 

The telcmn prayer olferrd up by the A«ibor of tbe Rambler, 
iftvoktne tlic alBlUnce of He«rc<t dbiin^ tbe cbiitfe ut V^mw."^^ 
aaaaioOaoce oJ h\\ stletf, 

' X2 01 

aga Tyanfnnions of iht AmifUan PbiUfipbUal S^ttf^ VdLlI. 

or this cKccllenr produ^fon, the Rambkr, the number Tol^ 
DJi each day, hardly amounted to five hundred : of courle, tbc 
book/rllcr, who paid Johnfon four gutn^is t week, did not cury 
on a fiLccef&ru) trade : his generofity and perfctcriiicc arc to be 

We have already faid, (hit nieanirg bere to gin bf* lifr, we 
do nut intend to inieTrupt the narration with critjca} remirki. 
OF a pofition, however, advanced by Sir John Hawkinif m 
c^nn'jt avoid takrng notice at prefent* The Blc^ripber ftyf, 
an eulogiuui on ICnolles'i Hiftofy of the Turks, and • fevcre 
cenfurc on the S^mfon Agoniftes, are ihe only critical ^ijt to 
be found in (he Rirnbler. If he will revife the Rambkr, or 
even the T^ble of Content, be wJH find no fewer than twenty 
more, VVhdt are iKe rffjys on Pjftoral Poeiry, on Veriificatioo* 
on TrKni'COmcdy, Hiftory, and many others P 

lo the rpri[i^, 1 75 1} while John Ton was engaged in writing 
the mordl paptJh U the Rambler, he indulged himfelf in a fro- 
lic of midn'ijht revelry. This was to ceLebtiifC the binh of 
Mrs- Lenox's firft liieriry •hjM, the novel of Harriot Stuart. 
He d.'tvf [he rnrmbers of his Ivy^Une club and othefs, to the 
number of rwtiity, to the Devi! Tavern, where Mr(. Lenox 
and her h^fbnd met them- Johnrun, after an invocation of the 
Mufrs,and fome other ceremonies of hi^ own invention, inveftcd 
ihe A'j*hoft|* ftjih a i^urcl crown. The fcftivitv was orotficletl 

Trjnj^tMt »/ the AmruM Phihfiphii^i S$ii4tft V^- II- I93 

(htpcd f>or> on ■ blick grnuod i pirl of ihe hiir vri- alfo whtie* 
ibougb cu'lcd Jike (he ftft ^ Hk vrii boin <jf blick pa;tAtt. The 
bof It fiitiilArtjr inifked, ui4 wu born of a bUck nt^iiicr ftii4 
WfUEC fiihc 

No *n«io«nii:fti dercfipiido h to be fo^nd in l^■» account. 
M. d'AbovilIc unforiuoiEelf 1r( « dt^g eai il;c fncMiU of the par* 
iridfC bc'or« thty wcrt cximrncd ^ two i^tniJcrmen^ bowercr, be- 
GJc hiiufclff b»d feci! i^ii A</tfj MoTiirtf ; and iKp ptpcr ctirtclu^Jra 
mM two ccft'iicatri li^oed by Umn, in order to cocliru our 

jfn £iffivrT in't rhr Ctntft if fhi Imertaft 9f Sifttat au/ inurmiittnt 

f'rr.'tn in Ptfvfafjitantm. B, B^njtinin KvQi. }t\. D< 

Ii luft b^n Qi>rrr>rd, ihjt l^tniEfyluriii ha^ for fomc leiri 

psfi, br*0 ittoii ricktv (h>n << >**< formerly, Fcvrrt, wbicli & 

icv yca't «^o iboundcJ cbitfj 00 tl^ b^nkt of litcts, and in 

^ nAriiy pUc», inivtf a^pe«r in hk^b (iiu^iionit vnd ofi gnvcJly 

I fbtli- T^it change wii^ rf fp 4t to ibc hcjhhjne'i 0/ ihc coun* 

try, Df, Riifh actrttfum 10 ihc Mbwing raufes : ift. The tJ!a- 

bfiOtoxmoF intllpO'^^s^' ih»e are whole countio/ r«y> ibe 

Oodor, * in wriKFk iniTrmii;en,« uvete unknnvn unrJ rFT-r wneft 

o4 ct^nt vTfre datiiivt^t '<>r the pufpofa <jf 'rrd:R^ (nrilponda,* 

s^t The cutting eovo wuca). And jJ^ The diiTcrcm ^i>d uxit 

^ tqii«l (|uantai» of rvfl. H«jwc^cr the two ii:lt of tbef« caufea 

H Oav op;fai< in producing in ijicrcafc cf fcvcr«, wc caj^ by no 

mejtj coi^kctdc wiih our Author in attributirg ihc jnrrcal^ of 

fcvcn to tbc fatl ciuCe, fin<c> by all oictcorol<>gi<a] obfcfvatii>r3, 

the (fEianiiiy of rain in any «jfQf ifl la always, nrnwu^i^ anvif^ 

neaflv rquji. 

The binti fiK pfrvennn|{ bilr^ut and uiUrmiltent fer^ri am 

tjuft and pcrreilly cottfifteiit with ihtvr/ j&d Abftrv^tioat. Dry 
iaualiocin apafimcxiEi well «ircJ, and frttd f'om danpi* bjr 
fretgucnt and bnflc ftrei, wavm «:loibing, genrroui dirt^ cjeaiili* 
fiefi, 0CC- arc ail highly icco^n mended. Though th< pradi- 
tioAcr mtv not n>m with any ihtn^ nrw or unrc^mmi^n, )cr Dr. 
Kuih*i prtCTpi» aie alt vf^fult #ndi 1* diilf o'^fervcd, Cannot, 
VKSpprehrAdt lail tti i^tilvrttla^ tbc cfid ptopofed. 
IL O^^artWiMJ aM *i* Cua^ an^rf U'/ '/ '^ tra^mt. Bt Ibe ftwe. 
H Df- Rafl> icnt«i^s thai the pr<dir(».>firlvn tu the Tctaout de- 
' pn>d& on fdacaiiun jirod^ccd by hrit, execute Jatiour, wai^h* 
in^t viarchcft, Of fatr^^eof anj kind ^ hence he hai (oui>d| that 
iheTrriiiijj 1 mo^^r Iif<;rJfni 'tow wounJi rrcrii/fd in hitrlea^ 
than fr>ffi fimUai wo^indi reCc:iT<d in afty ottMr wiyt and that 
Ihtfe vnaifkdi pfodvoe a IVtanut more cauJnIy iu va^n Aftd 
^ noift weather. 

StD« ic i» oocal»pr4 by tcUiation. oor Aiiihoc j iCIly ob- 
ftrni| thn the cncdiciAc} Ln<ic^tcd 10 c^ic it^ vc facQ u«)y m 

%Te Cdlculaied lo rttttovc lSr» rcluiaci^ct, iMJ tA rtAofC lo ihf 
ijftcm if3 nan*rj! xoac. The Peruvian bark ind gcm-TOvs wir»r» 
■rc rh^reforp proprr. Thr ofifntion of bliflrM, he ihinlct, is ol 
A more complicated n^iutc. H? acknowlEd^e* thai ihe^ Ar« feda* 
live, and aniifpafifiotlir, in fcvrr^ ; hur Tii ilic prculiii flitr of 
irriiabilily wlikh occurs in the TtUaas, he confuitn tb«if e^ 
fc£l9 4} Gmply flJmuUlint'. I<icit<fcr lacure (be dircdfct Dr. RvA 
fays it it not only nectfTary fo pfcwJace a proper roti* ri> fhefyftemi 
but alfa an infl«mmatDry diaihcfis. A* a gene**! inflammatorf 
driihtftii cfirpoHrs [D topical InlTdmmiiiDn, (o inpjiral idBitnina* 
tion difpofes la u geneial ijtfl-mmaCt^rT diaihcfis. Wounds arc 
Irf^ apt, ofi ihiii accuutitj lo infljime tn rummti than in wijiier. 
In the TctdnuK there it ufiirormlf obfcrved an abfence of t\\ in- 
JlATnmititjn in the wounds which produce ti, A TptiDEcr under 
the riiiJl prndoCF} no rorivu]fion£, if pafn, infljimmarion, and Tup* 
puTaiion 'oUow cnc accidcni. It iS bj CKcitifig pain ara ta- 
fltiTimirion ihit (he fpiriC of turprminc a^li in »\\ wnundi and 
piMitiiufc^ a\ nervous and ccnc^mous parts \ and «>ur Aultior af- 
f1^^l^, ih*t ihcft ntvrr waa a TeianuA fruzn a wound, where iViia 
r^mFf^V had hetn applied in lime, and the whole fjfteA in i pTO* 
per lone, 

Dn Rufh iddi fcveral cafei to confirm hff theory, in til of 
iL^hrch the rcin;>ving the ^nivcrfil tdaxiitjon, and exciiing tA- 
fl^mmiiitii] by topical ftLmulanTs, always ruccefsfully cured Lho 


n hh account cf the mr^rtal qualhct of the barkt Or, 
Mofg'n hjt .Hide iffiple amcruli Toi hn c(rficicncy In Sounlca) 
kriowlvd^f; btfC wv h«v« lirtly f^vcn o^r k«id»i fuch full acid 
piriicular dccoufiu oi thU rcm kltid of Pctutij:! bjrk u nujr be 
<u0ic<ei>noFxciire tt« from eoUrging, ic pKfent^ on 1 fubjcd 
whcft itochiii^ «nAt«fi«1ly acw occvfi, 

{7^ it tsKiinwJ.I 

A*.T, til. 7^ Bh^t^^i Cvrat coftcIuJc^ : See our UA, p- t^^. 

IN our Uft Rri'iew, it'c girc in inkl^iicJi] «ccv)uiqr cvf the fi^ll 
liK ch4f TCTf oJ ihiswotk; ire now proceed loiholeicnih, 
fvhkh tieaiSft ' Of tkc PriaviplcB of NMiure* inJ itic viul 
f p4rit' The title of Ih't Irftuje ind ir> eontenu arc in ge- 
neral equjUy o^fcure. We Aiall onljr citt»& frotr i; one fen- 
lence, in which rhe omnifei^nce of the Deiiy ii, we ttiirkf 
£x>e\j coi)tr«{Tod with mao'j ignonnce of chc divioe mivre. 
* I know, O ArjooDt all ihc hcings th«i ^ive pificd^ all ihai 
are prefrni, and ill Ihai Ibdl henafuf be i but theie is not one 
aBmoBj^fl tbcni who knowcih me/ 

Leaure VIII. bii for lEi litle * Of Pooreolh/ Thi* word, 
tccofdiD; 10 our trinCaior, in rul^ar Unguige, oicani no o^oie 
■ban man, b«t in tftJi woric it i% i te<m to ihe^^logy, ufei fo ex* 
prtfi tbe vir«t fou], or EUMElon of :he Tpirit of R^ihin inhibiiro^ 
I bodf> tict^^ccn the li^le Ihu* eip]ijrrd| and ibe ctinEenEi of 
llki» cbipier, ih«te r«cnni ro be but Jirtle ana'r>iy. Ic enforce* 
4hai «bArid tnediuiioa on the nature cif the Dcify fo oiltn in- 
.culeited before: and aflefU ihe dilToluEionand repraJuflion of 
the uoivcrfc ercjy day and rif;ht of Uratima. Thii ^ay and 
AigbE are vacb of th«m fuppcfcJ to laH a t^'^ufind reuulucioni of 
ibe Yoof>, ^ a fpacc equal lo 4.31^,^00^00? ye«ri, 

Xhe l^rncd ItrjcJcr wiW FCicetve a ftnktng rcfembUnce tn 

ihti dod'ine 10 thai ci the Siotc year, and it U obfcrvabki that 

/ome norioni of the aLtcrDate dcftrudion an:t reprndudrvo of ibe 

wOfld art fa>d co bav« e^ifM, not OAly in the p^ttofop^y of He* 

^f^l^tui, StOfn wbom ibe Sioica fcem 10 have boriovi^ ikclr 

H ltTpoih«fi% bji in Peril), Cnina, andSiim, arid, if we nay trvd 

K|o<ac wtilcrSf even amoag iSc laccr dcfceBdantt of ihai ¥Uf 

Bfieople, wbo, tn xhe ML>ratc Jefrrlptii^n vf :b« Drluge, poffeHed 

Ibe oitly i;lk biAoricat fcundatjon, on whi:!) Ehc vajutnefi of 

mditioo, or rhe rinaful arrogance i>f philofophj, mtj tiaic 

leared ihe miOuprn luperiUkj^ure of «rfor a»J fuprrfiuicn, 

ILe^vre IX. ' Of [he Chicfof SeCKtv^and riiiKc of Science,' 
Pram foirw palfagea in thii ledure in pirtieuUr, ic w«!l a> frcei 
the geftrral unof of iHc Greu, wc think, wiih Mi. Wilkini, 
tbai tbe prieici;^! <ief j^n of in a^chnr wai 10 oniEe nil the pie-p 
Tiiliog nodes of woeQiipi lad to undciaitiic (be ic«u incut* 

X 4 uui^ 

2(^6 \Vl\V\ni'$ Tranfiathn $f the Bhagvai Guia. 

cated in thr V'ed^, by fecrin^ up the doctrine of the tinlty of thcr 
Godhead, in oppcfiiion M iddairoua facrllkea, and the worffi p 
of image?. Indeed, Krccfhna repc-iiedJv an(l exprefalf aflcrti, 
that the reward of the followers of ibe Veds, and of thofe who 
worship fubordinare divin;ijesj fliall be only ihe lempnrary en- 
joynifnt o( an inferior bcdvcn, for a p^tjod to be meafuret} bj 
the txient of their virtues. 

' The followers of the three Ved^, who drink of the jaice o£ 
the S3ra*t being purified of I heir offences, addrefs me in facri-' 
fees, and peiirion for heaveri. Theic obtain the regioni of 
Ecidra t, the prince of cetelli^l beings> in which heaven they 
fcdfl upon celcilia! lood and divine enJnymeniB ^ and when they 
have partaken of that fpacious heaven for a while, :n proportion 
to their virtues, they fmk again into this mortal life, as foon as 
their i^uck uf virtue is expended.' Eternal happirefs is In the 
me^n lime oftred to thofe only who worQiip Brahm the A1- 
mijhry. The Itflurc conclude? wjrh this folcmn and fenftMe 
cxJi'jrrjtinn : ' C'lifiJcr thii world as a finite and joylef* place, 
and Utwe me. H^ of my mind, my fervant, my adorer, and 
bow Juwn before me. Unite ihy fou), aa it were, unto mt^ 
mj'^e thy al'yluj^, : nd thou HiaU go unto m<;.* 

Aitd hrre it k^ worthy of remart, ihjt Kreefhna mcntioir) orily 
ihti-e i-i the VtJa, From tthich Mr, W, very juftJy concludei* 
that three only exillcd in the time of Krcc^na : and as ihe 

WiEkiofV Tranpthn cf tbt Blhtgvaf Ctds. 


bclw»n GoJ #nJ t^e mnU. PIiio, whn ij*fcnb*i the Dnty^ 
II «a»i jui^i^;4i»«v« )rt dffivff />Kfti» from Aji tfv, i.t. pfilft 
tkrougb aU <^^ng^ aiH in lt>i< knfc i^opci it » one of 

njffin of (hr SufifCiTiff flcij)^. 

To ^y r>othm|i o^ ihc L«trn prof* viii«ts, fuch at Sfneca, 
Apylrivi, and Qiniililunt ihr- p~<^i irc full oftlluliOTii tci ihift * 
Optnion, Wt'nrli tbc ^rai ^i At^T ts^'Ai ^iv a^^tfti^ &C' of' 
Ara'v>, >oJ tht y^vii tJama p/rta oi Vic^il^ vtjim hti more to. 
lt%9 f»tt>e effcrt dftwKtfp, 

Dcvm namtjoc iic per cmno 

Noc dtd the E^'g^n thci>:off flop bcrc, for il noronlf riu^ht at 
IhiT G^l pTFVtifrd ill IhtAgs tiJf Thif h^ w>i hiiTifririll thrnn.' 
Thij ;BiCcr annon wu rc^civeJ u (f«ll by ihofc who held Cjo4 
to br 1 pjrr ahllnd mindf fupermr lo <hc ffvul of rh^worl^f, as 
bTothtf«whocontid«r«dihchtterAiiheruprT«iMDrity. This is 
cVearff ptoTrd br CitdA-^ftht in the 41I1 chip, uf tiii tfl boak^ 
Irom rb» Stittc infcrip^ioxi, from the rpitomr rif thv Orphic tht- 
ologf hj Vimi ihcui, frorn the doditfici of Xencphtj>r9, Par* 1 
■lenidef, and Mt)il1<it^ and the irftimotiy of the AfcrepcM difr-^H 
kfuc. ^^ 

In the lafl fCTiterrt of thti Tc^ofr, we think, Kmfhn> atn^oH 
nfe»tofu»]ijt»iiy : *1 aot^ in Ttkv mani^rtO Arjoor, thai whtcb 
If tbe feed of all ihijigi Id nature; and there h net anj lhin|rt 
wt^ethe* animate or inanimatef that if without cne, Mv dfviiae 
tfillin^tuCA mc wlihout rod, and <hc many wSicb I htifv men- 
tioned ale Sy wiy of example. And le<rn, O A'jcMr, (hat 
every tcinf which ii M^orthy oldiflin^lion and prc-cmieencr, li 
Ihe p«nd«<r nf ibf pnrrion of my gliirf. Buc whar, O Ar]oot>, 
liaft thou toio with thjs ma^ifoM wifdom / I planted ihia whole 
oniver^ie wiih a l^nj^lc portion, and Hood AiIIp' 

L^aqrc X(, • Difpby of the Divrne Nature in ih* Form o* 
the Ufitverfe.' Here v«e hine a dir^tjHio^ ar^d niudffroui rrpir- 
ftniaiion of the O^'^iy, who ii dcicfibrd at (ranffefling himfetf 
i» a m<~'tt tcrnf.c forrn ig ih's afl^nifhcti aad ftlf(i[hted A(j<^o, 
uUrubl', howrirr, 10 b^hnJd the awful fi^tif wtih hh natural 
cyci, he ia furaifhed by KreefhfiA with an hearerily «re, to on- 
able hin 10 diPcetn the Detty: » Pallaa, tn the Iliad, porgea 
sway the Elot from the ^t of Diooude that be Aiaj iliAingviih 
goda Tron* onrtili : 

- ' OJi^w^*««vicw«^»'-A^»f-- Iliad. tM«7. 

Lecture XIL * Of f.-rving ihc O^ty in hn Tifjble and Jr.»Hl- 
bk VotiXltt' The peefereofc here i* decidedly ^irzn i:> fhofo 
rptrttuil wcrfbi?p:ri who feive ihc Deity to hia ioconuptibte 
an^JATibbJtf kxm* 

Leftiirc XUL ^ ExpItEiation pf tho Tcrmi TCOictn ftnJ 
Klhfira-Gna.' — There lerm*, as Ur at wc can collet from 
Krecfhna's myftcrious explanation of Ureai> 4ie nearly equiva- 
lent IQ rnaiier and fpirii. 

Lcilurc XIV, *Of ihc three Goon, or QiiaIitie8,'*-.The three 
qualjiics here fpoken of, and delcribed aa puwerfulfy infiurncing 
the human mind, afe Satwa, trutk^ Raja^ p^£iaat and Timat 
darkneft. ' P'rom the Satwa it producdd wtfdam, frocrl the 
Rdjd CDvetoufnefs, and from tltc Tama ma<tnef>, diftradioBt 
and ignorance, Thofc of the Satwagoon mount on hi^b, tfaofe 
oF ihc^ R^ja ftay in the middle, while thofc abj'^i^ followers of 
the Tanid-goon fink below- When he who bcholderh^ perceiv- 
€th no other agent than thefe qualities, and difcovereth that 
there ia a being fuperior to them^ he at length findeth my na- 
ture ; and when the foul hath furpaSed ihefe three qualictei, 
which Arc co-exi[Vcnc with the body, it is delivered fiom birth 
and dcaihf old age and pain, aod drinketh of the water of im- 

Lecture XV- * Of Poorooftiottama.' — The whole of this lec- 
ture is involved in the mofl profound obfcuriry. The only fcn- 
tence in whtch Krec(hna explains the word that gives a title to 
the chapter is fo full of myflery, that the trand^tor freely con- 
felTca his defpair of revealing it to the fatisraSion of the reader. 
He conjc£luref, however, that Kreeifana only meant to colled 
inm ojie view fcvcjal dpp^lfdtionii by which the Deiry is dillip- 



pt^fi of th« Gcetjf ^ad the diGncrreAed friont of oimd, wtitcb it 
u cilcuUieii to producCt i* mfiftcd on ai t^ax'xally tttttStiy lo 
Ihc Jttiiinfneot of ftilurc fcLciijF. Among a nation of ph«[o- 
fopbcrii if we could f^pi^ofe Aich m one to cxift^ thi* c^nuon 
miglic pofllMf have H< iof wright. But ii fvrai liiiLmtcu- 
UtCKl fcif iht ^rcat mifi of minkind, ivbo, a^tin^ ealiftlr ffooi 
the Hnpuh'c i>( bti5>c did fc^r^ can o»l^ be leuijicd wichin thr 
bound) of duly by duec) afpeaU to thore QDoQ powcfJal pifioitt 
of ibc huviin b»tCft 

Oo ih« finte priodpU tbac bofc of revird ic coa^dcred by 
ihc Hindoctii ui inpiopcr motive to i£>ODt >b« iBci«ati re- 
ceded annrhrr ti Sjfc tnd unworthy, viz, %ftt fear of pvnilb- 
ovcoi. Hortcc iclU o*, thit good oncn «vo(d vice fokJy ffon 
ibc k>« of virtue— 

Serenl of the bit'icv, piriicularlj t E(tiAetti», lUnied rvtry 
fprciei of punifhment of fouU tfitr <jcaib, tnd all of tbvm rt* 
jcdtod fhe belief of future puniOioteat, when adopted ii in m* 
rFAifT^ to vJrTuom iQlota* Thus. Chryfippui rcprebfftdfd Pitio 
lot lh>l pirt of hii Kcp^blic which defer jbo ihe puniniment of 
the dimmed— 4^?ir hk tAwt Awcrtiri^t tu etwa Tta^v ^jmi ffi&J 

^fCtrra ir«>k>.Ki ^ifkffrdt'jdflf jm^ Tkt««*rtTac »TiTiTliwaC tm Tift 

Wc htvc now taken « rumiriAry vrcw cf the contccti of tbc 
Gfcti, 4nd from Ihe lear jo^ancM whirb wc have adducpd. it 
tppewi that fome nf rbofe qucliiuni ih^t bcwJdercd ihccntnd«of 
th« ancienii have b>rrr j^,itJErd bf the HrmJom^ffequentl) with tht 
fjfne Jvee<1faandofi«nakiiofliBth«GicMiDiniitr, Intptculitiona 
indeed which mc bcjronti ihe fpkere oi huBian teafont men mull 
MccfLiuy be neulf equal) v^' ^^f^ le^rniojcor ^orui eofifcr 
iny oihce fupeMorifi than that wbkb ai derived fiom ibfurdil/ 
decorated by fioey, or meihoditrO by role. 

It hti bein alreaJy obfe/vcd, thdt in our efticnileorthe Gcetti 
caQ6dcted ai a camporincvt, vte djf^r /»ja ivJs fr^m its pinegy- 
kA Mr. Hitlinjti. J be tine, and pUce, tD4 eircura^xncev uo* 
der which luc djaloguci are leprefcr.icd to have paflVd^ aie focb 
ac ftoclcall probabitiry. In (be middle Jpace, in Iroat of two 
hofUtf armiei drawn up ready lo engage, mn^ at ihe very ir>oie>enc 
wbea tbe battle a eomflteneiog, IC'eefhna aidreiTrt to the ludet 

• Epilt. lib. i. Ep. to. 

t S« Ait'ua h £pi£kei. lib. Hi. c. i^. 

I Vtd. Op.PlaUfcb, p. 1040. LdiL X/laad. 

Wilkin*'* Trmjhutn ^f \hi Bha^vat Gnie. 

of OFTT of (bofr armirs a 1f>n^ (tf\t% of dirqirfitiont on the m<jft 
pfoFound and abftrure ruhji-ii) ffi mtu,'»hyhc! and iht^logy, 
CaiHour, indeed, o'>lrgr5 us to cinftT?, chfl(^ imid a mjfi of 
cbfctinty and abrurdifv^, #P huve rirtiartntF& it^ei with piiTigCB, 
which, as critEF:^ , wr ddjnirf^* and with ptrccpu Ahith, ii Chiif* 
ti^ns, we cannoe bur approve. Dut, 

Apparent rcri nautrs !n ^tfrgitr vajh 
The grand, and p*rhip? tt\t otily pent of vitbt, in which thu 
Gctta appears to p^^th any imporr^fiE vjIuc ii (hi?, wh<n we 
confcder ii as a cuiioiis fpticimi-n ni (hf myihfilnjfy, and (fo fjp 
» irexienda] an Atjchenrjc ItandirJ o\ ih? fiith and rc)i^ctuft 
opinion? of ihc HiiiJ'>r)fi. In thi§ rJcw tia vilyc is trulf impurl- 
ant; but wc are nrjt fjch crrhofiift^ in the eiufc of Indun ht«* 
Ijiturc, noT drj wc thiitlc fo lightly of LAc twc |rri::X(c1t cpiC p(K-(» 
the world has ever produced^ u lo'imigine, with Mr. Haftingj, 
thai in any ^tu^rion, or underany cjrcu^ftinoei, s coa>|»rt(u[] 
ran hr inftirured bnvrrn them and rvrn ttir mc^ adnitrcd p*f* 
Ugv^ of (hf MthibhiMC, withobt the grofll-AinjiillicrB and chi 

muU ahjri^ dr^raJ^tion. 

To ihc Gc£U Mr VVillcin* has rubjtin^d the Ir^nHatic^n of aci- 
otticr cpifodefroii the Mahahharif, which conuins a mott WflJ 
and rf>mjnilc defcriprion of ihe churning of the oc*an in fei/cti 
of (he arrrpeta, of watcrr of ijnmoflalityi and o' a battle whicll 
cnfutid bc1w<j£i ih« SiK)r« and AfiJOM^ditfrrtnc orders iif c(F!ellia| 
teiflKS in confrqt^cnee of itfi difcovery. IJttwcen thia Uticr de-< 

wtfinW whir he !i»t omiK^ip For thi^ rcifon we fbrlKir 10 
<o9ipiim ^ti ibt d^ikrirfa of JcvcmI pifTi^ci, vvhkh OitjiCiG pei- 
Jiipt faivc b««fi rrnJrrrd oiOTf cnicHigblc bjr the aid ^( t ifW ad- 
dliionjij notes. AnJ indc;d, whca wc rcfl;^ co ibc tlnaoH 
Hcrcutctn Utu-,iiri 4kf ovr tmifliror, <i«r frnfrorhis A^^tcWuclrit 
n converted inlo w^'^ndrr at ht fuccvlt* He had to c^Ai^nd 
Willi aU lh<>fc coeipl>c«Ccd du^ciijiici to whiih ivc 4lUJcd in iho 
fomrr part of thii cfiiique : in » vri>rJ, viih citty dj^culcf 
tbit couJd 4ti|]c fiixn if^c ubicuiUici of a Un|>v«}!C which ihc 
Bn^rnint fpcod tlvir litrn in ^aiyrtc^from > phyHolo^ bicitd- 
c^ wriih ihe /cnfekf* jargon cf liVt, a^d fr<»m ihe coilfurol 
aiul hFtpio^rnrnui irixiurr of ttlrgory »ttd mMipA^nci- Not- 
vrilbA3Adiii|r tbcfc diUdvanu^cs, ihic ftyU of hii (rdsQation i* 
ocir, c'^gaDC« uw) vi^o«i* The notr* arc firw, tnd^afUtljf 
ttpl2niU*ty, but they ^rc replete niib jtfdgii>cni aitJ Ulte, aod 
dlfplir fuch an ^cqu^i^iUrtrc with JolIijii itianiierA xr-i^ (pinion*, 
M could be rh(! rrlitlc iMiJy of cmioliiy dire^kd by ^o<<3 l^rHr, 
■Ad fav^urrd by the a^oA propitiovi o^sporitfnitk* of obfcrra- 
liofl. On ih^ whole, kr tSt\ttv^ 4 bt^i r^uik »fiiufig ttaofe rU 
Idtrioui ch^ncl^f, wUiin ndihcr ihc fplcndoiir or wvlrh, nor 
iWfyrcn miiecnf lunutf, h^fC t€ttiinivi\nhn(tblsunhe plca/urea 
of tb« niiTd. Ry tbc jwltciouf cjLttciU of ha EaJcnia on > ^ub^ 
jt£k fu litile undc'llood, trtd by emplofPn^ tKofe hours tn JibcjJ 
pufAiiu vhich avjfrcf nupKt hive dcvoird <o the Kqtitlltion ol 
ntw ire*rore>, heh«» nflc^Ud the highcft honour on the piiron- 
ftgc nf Mr. Hftliijif;*^ whjif whitever iitay he ni« pri.ii^it mriiL« 
or dfCM^iif , i» jullly cniiilcd to Our Wii( ippbtifc and giaii- 
titude for bii endcivi^utf lo pfomoic ihe flucly of IriJun litcra- 
■■re, and ihui ofin a ru w ai»d cktcnftee ^dJ of enquiry 10 hi* 
Counuymcn. Wt citinn: coticlLjdc tbefe retnaiks without <x- 
pretin^; iri rirnrCl ho^e, ibji Irtch cii«fnptn mty racciie fuccttd- 
tpg Jid*enmrcr« to rX|jlorc wiiA dii>ge&ce tt>«Xe h.ddcn lion* of 
inirtlr^^ujl ttrtimte vhtcb will to^sff! the aTirrciioTi cf ihr in- 
<)uifiiivc phili-fof^hcf in tr^ti tgt an/c^imAiei ■r>d (aitive, per- 
li«pf, whexi the Biiiilli cuoirnion in f ndU ilijll bave 1on£ ceafed 
to KXiBt^ at*d wbrn tfte fo«ifc«s wliich it oficc oj>ci>ed of we^ttli 
anJ puwef (itit\ ^ lollei«n 10 renieinb/Ance* 

Aar.lV. 5>f>y*;* *»/W//*:A«*^,*o* tj" Si^ittifi. Bj i-He Mii^ai* 
de CaCiojc, Fciiow of the Ho/41 it^wii. Trji{]4:cd * fro<n (he 
French {tinirr tie [uffeC't^ou cj lU Anthtsr} b; Tirkym Uic- 
MaHon. i(vo. 41. RobbfoAv L7S6. 

IN 00 rtip<^ hai the fAgiCicy of politlcil rpecuUrort born lb 
r^'fii\\jA\\y bilKrd Ai <in xhv fuhjrct of norJnnal debt. Bcroce 
ibc b'^rniiiRe of the prcfcnc century^ it^atiy bid fortiold^ with 
lU t^ ctiflfidcnce ihK\ fctrrofictift cngrjfctC on l^noTitt«t b 

• TUf original, in Ff«f.ct, naf lie hU of Mr. EtnOp^ 


raiurally iafpircflt that befcrc the nationaJ iJcbc nioi^lcl fivrt 
amottnted to on? tench part of what it is ii prrfcnr^ 4 narraojil 
banlcruptcy mull have enfiicd. The fame fore^oiinEi hnvc bern, 
from time 10 limr^ and ftill are rcpcatrd; ind ilLhDu|rh rapcrU 
ence has falfiJied [he former predidiofis, it 19 UuiiJ in^j'^^Hit'Ic 10 
prevent n*cn from giving crcd'C to rurmifr*, wbicti 10 ihc cotn- 
mon ipprehenfion* of mankind appear lb rearombltf ind «rell 
fourdtd. Emboldened, huwcvrr, by obfcrving sbe prcfcni 9rL>- 
fpfrout ^te of rhis niiion, which rvhibiti ai vtr rir> uiicqmimcal 
r^mptomt of finLtrg undrr (he «rcrght of rha* rnoiOKius defal, 
which when viewed At a difldncc appt^ri-d fulHrirni »r mtce ra 
overwhelm iC, fome fpecvlacora^ more during than the rcfta have 
cf Ulc vmiurcd [o maintain opinions dlrci^ly ih^ rtvtrfc vf ihnic 
mixiois, which our fortraihvjs deemed la certain « Lbc fund**- 
mental axioms of ^eomeirr itfcLf, 

Ainong the holdcft: of thcfe innnvatorj, vtc muf! lank ^t 
Mirqiig dc CafauK^ Author of Tbvvgbts tn thi Afichanifm ff 
Sciietiti^ which might wtih equil prapncEy bcejiiitJcd fpr^ulft- 
tions on Ehc vffn&s of CAiicn^J drbi| lor ih«t u the pitncipd 
fabjefl [fcaled in his volume. Thiji f^ciKleoian tWcjiuoofl/ 
friAifitiinf, thaC the njitional d«bt, if it his hrr-n in any mtit- 
t\eT pcrniciou<r, his proved, in other refpedr, highly brnciici*! 
to ihr conimtiniiy — :hit it might wirh f^fety he incrcafrd lo « 
film much greatrr than ici prtfcatamouoc— th«t theiotercH on 

nf^lxf hr Vmrnr hu ihr narinn_ hrcaiiff tflrr ihr rRfft nf funfl* 

low tiitti 10 lie hurriri nray hj ih'u pl«ilic TkuIii viib a n* 

hfpotSrrn, j:rf4tfr. pcrhapr^^ t^ar etjiit of tbofc which he c«« 
pot** uvith Cueh ifrrHUbk force of arguB^vnt. 

Ttiou^b wc Connor, th^trforc, r««om(T*cnd ihit bo&V J« iti 
intfiitory irraiire rrn the fctrrce of poliik«f rrcoiKiirtj^ or i< pro* 
per to b< ptii in the htii^ii of m«ii of ordinary falentt to dittSt 
ihdr jiiJ([nt«nt on thja bnnch of kikomMgr^ ytl wc confider it 
M B VaIu3bT« ijditifw to fcrrncf urfiliA^i Oi) thf fuVjt^ft. Pdf* 
h«ps the diiiin^uifhing tntvtt uf modem ConnpiUtioni li an uf^ 
dvt iJrfeftnev fcr author t; j a frr.ooth inJ un A!er<ll fij* deve- 
lopcrricnt of i«V«i ihaC hare bcco ineukaitJ br rrrrn wt>d h%vc 
obraift«d iforr^f dlAttorTatauFh<xi(v in the woild otf litetiiufe-— > 
U^ ihrt ferve^ tO lull the inrnd aflcep, inHead of aviklng the 
■VvTom^g faeuUiet. The wm k before u4 it lidviirably ealcuhtrd 
to tounttftd Ihii procedure. New tboughu arc Uniek cut iti 
rrerf ptpe* and sbfurditiei which have been chfrifSed for ajei* 
nre drtt^tfd in tvtty U&\on of thr perfcrmtncr. To ibv man of 
l^ePLuf, llKTef(»rct ihii w^tl be a prcciout moelcl j to tbe ciin of 
jivdgfnert it will tffofd % rich fL]n<f cf fp^u!»lion ; tnd the anj- 
fn«d*erfion> which ihcfc r«pid couchc* will occifion, oiuft in 
many rafra te^d 10 iraiiit wbich would not other«ri& have been 

'adverted to. 

To attempt in inalyOi of t book vhicb cUloit iH>inerlr ta 
point of vraogeni^tt would be uf«1ef« labour i ycE It mar bene- 
eefTary to grvc -he npdir a Cvrciic noiion ul (he ^rcrJ pdi^ciplev 
which ihe Antborenifcwourt (oeftiWifli m thii work,— The/ 
arc, iFiii ^iKc» inipofcJ in iny cojiitryi DcccAtrily and unaroidably 
radfe ttic ^Jttti uf the commodrrir* tixed 10 ihe full tmounCt ac 
lraft« ct tbc fumt Uid upon them ) and not only do they raife 
tbe price of tbe conitnoditUi taitrd, but ihey in the ftmc pro> 
poetion riifc the prj<« of 4*7 o!her commoditin, grain and labour 
111 pafli<vUr being nccouiUrd fuch ; but if ibc price of crtry 

'thing a min h«i to ftlJ be ugmenied in th« fame proportion ai 
ihc price vf ihat he haft :o buy, he will t^cn be precilcly in the 
fiar« br wj^ in bfforv the piicn wrrr r>ifr<], and ihe CftcAi of 
iKe lam frcn that momciu become jiv/i* Ueacc, be argue^i the 
efTed of iavc« tufi^ ihe country, 10 wbaicter amount ihcy my 
t« riifed, C4n oe^r be of vttj matcrul cojtfe^Mencf^ or ien4 to 
cE(v tbc Dpcniiona of indijHry. 

With rrgjrd to foreign commerce— Ifj io corfequeoee o4 
taxation, or oihcruvifc. ihc price of |£oodi at bone ia taifed mucb 
hichcr T^jtn abfO«df hi* opinion ii, thit firce you canitoi afbrd 
to Tower (he ptkr ol vour oito e^coda jn Joi&gn matket}, yon 
WftI br under tbe ntcrlliiy of railing; ihe |;Tice- of foreign gooda 
aft high aa your own, ind ffOfTi ibe moment that tAii erent 

'takta place (and this he ibtnki nnifi ncceflaitlv havv^^ ^eKlTv^^^ 



hvpo[httj£, wbfihrr WE rrgard internal prorprrity ar rxtern*) 
C^mmcrcCf it U t miller of vrr^ gre^l itKi^&ercnce Vf hat the 
amount of (axes AijU be. 

We miift not i^'.p to coctrovert ihtfe pofillon^, ror to pomt 
out the Ulldc/ of Tome of ihc »i^urt;cnt> brought to Cup* 
port theoif is it doe!« not properly fjll Ltrilhtn nur f^rovinc? ( ancl 
bccijfc wc tniLcc nci tloubt but ihit wc fljall foon ^4vc ocuGon 
to fcfurnf The fubJE-^, in revieiving the mfwri^ thai miiy be cx^ 
pt'^eJ from othc^u, wc fb^lL bircly tike noike oi one Itnktng 
fji^ (hit {IrLiiii^ly millLjEcB a^aiNfl one of ihc furuirrcntaJ prin* 

GipUf here alTamed : it it thii ^ according lo t^c Ma'cju's't hyp<i- 
ihefiB [and he jtifidj upon it on mnurncr^bk ciccjI^od*] ihc piicc 
of grain mufl invariably be raifrd by all raxci in itiefjrnepropcu'^ 
tiun wilh QThcr comnioditlce i for, hy% he, p. ^49, * 10 irtiJkgiuc 
ii poIBble to mdintdm, and endcav^tui fcrlcuilv 10 msinuin wbeir 
at the fimc flier, ^\\i\s the e»CB iJ^^ncc by 10 pfr unU lh«t oF 
Ihc produi^a of indulhyi u to aim bi the fu'n i>t irgricolturc' 
iJut U it not an undvnrable f^ict, ih«t the at^cr^i^e |3ricc of whctc 
iti Fn^lind i» dt ibi3 hour* whrn ihc nation piya by tiKcs iht 
inteicA of two hunJfed ar>d fnify-fit fniJIioni ilcrling, t^itWf 
l^wcr (ban it waji Mote one fhrtlin^ o^ nationiil debt w«> COD- 
iiaiicd f Whcnte corTici it ihjt fuch a ilriking ficepiion to hii 
gcntral principTc bai not beta fo much aa adverted to } 

lliisgij feeing they ire in tvetj tjhiiai circafnAAncc the 

A* 1 fjiccimcn of the Autto:% manner of JCifonlny, wc fli^ll 
fclcd a Tmall p«ri (for ih« whok *on\A 6< too Jong tot our 
fciQtf IfinzLi) (>r *h*c he Uyi cd the ^anti ^ fr^, a futjc^ 
thii hu Ions been a favouriic in thit country j and wfaicb, efpc- 
cially Hficc Sir ChuJcs Whitwofih'sTibka were pubJilhcd, h» 
ifofdtfd mittftf fof m;nv cilruljftAn^, chic Tej-i fo e:>nclu(iAn> 
c«cccd(E)g1f abfiird. 0» thia fubjcU our fpiiiivJ Auihor ot>- 

* Whtn i]h« fFCprircor of i ^nfid^nblv ftfm in the KogHti ftfitdi 
Cnflitn«j Sir Chiirtca Whi1«ortL'» irdv fiUtble SNtc of cht TrA<fe 
orCfCAi Jliitiiri. \it ilunki hii Aar>. and f-if j^ " f hi^ cothtn^ lo 
Ifjr itthiltl iHc tjiUriic ofirjUc cualiauo in li^our \ii ihii ktP|^J?(D ; 
biif ihc mQ-Ttnt ir fhiJI mm aj^ainlt hn, rr(i>arrr mull mrviiably be 
h«J to ibv cvf^i^nc fo Un<£ poitpan<d : ibe appJicnttoft of th« 
fpoBg« b ircv)ub]c>" 

Anil A liitic finbcr on Kc tbui prucccJi : 

* Bymrnniofihai valvaMr u«rk^ T O^^ from ihrypiT 1700 lo l^7?f 
ltd i\%\ in tbc m^itflt Jcuif, fi/cn^rFicnrd bj il^ iHr iifoofi tbaE tbe 
Auar« cf ihe {^lijcf^ can aJtnii gf, a c^^nfluAi TuprriDriiy M' cxporii» 
wUcb, in (he Jfflc* ^f ?( ycirj. aincuiit> to ihc cncfjaoji fcm of 
i67«774>7&^A (I bavc uvcrlovkcJ ihc frj^Uuni tsf each article.) 
Thii i», in thp lOTil ainou*ii, much laoff thtn en* h«lf of ibfi 
told and i\\\tt JmpDr:c<i tnio Evt^ from jtMirt<at tjurinj tltf funs 
uptfe of cimr ; but of ihia priiml of 7^ yt^i, 30 fncH bc acEcndcd 
10, whtrtit the fufcii^trUy cf Eijljfi txptiiu^ Coma up Ycry ncarljr 
(O J of ihc raiml inpuriinon i>r ihofc iivo prrcu^u mrtalii ti^ct 
«wrf re jvjjf/ ji4ti /i mjTM^ whrr iahsrjti^ Wf |>iouTff lll^i ob^rvi*, 
amongft ibofe yeari, a mofl flounfbitg ore, vrhrrdn that E»^h/^fM-^ 
^wr abforbt, a« it iv«re, all t!i« filvor impotted into Enrt/ii and 
file oth^r ytaF) Hiil more woaderful, «r)iefc it furpaffi ibai general 
iinportatian by id, ti, and occi ijc^o,coo A ^ fnr 10 lyjo ihc ^rne* 
ral raporiuton of Ft^fijb goD.Ii rtcccdrd ihc irn|iortaiTon of forrSga 
produce bj 7<359>964 A and \et all thai pmiLin of the mi*ti, br- 
JODjciAJC <o ^/tf'* And Aivafdi/, I) clUtnaic^l cnly ac 6,ccOrC«o/. Iter- 

In inoibcr placr, irmlng on ibt facnc fubjrd of the balance 
of ir^f, be fayi i 

' I begin, by a&ing vKctWlbcrcPxiflaa aaljon in rarrr/«, wblch* 
Dpoa p(ruflng what Mr. Ntiktr i^y\ ta iLc prrlVnT purpcifir, and :bc 
oVe made, almoR jrnrraljy, in Knf/'W. oT ihr tvoikof Sir C^r^r 
^^iru-^f/At iTkth more cxpficii w»b regard to thv baUrm oF CrNif 
Srifai^t itcul<l hcfiutc an iiifiant lo brcAle off all Commercial coa- 
ttc^om with Em^iunti and FnoKt, if only oi'C h-ilf fhonlJ prove real 
aQ the prcjuJim uf ibe c^c nqc^om, on iljt objo^t vltuii at prdcui 
fcmt fo d'lf rmiaf all ihr orhm / 

* J fio«ld, tu ibe next place, profofe, for cvamifuitioo, wherber 
tlwf« two padovi arc rot mdcbicd to ihcfa prcjudicn, tot the C'*'^ 

brirninakcd, afj4 of ibc obllulei which tivy bavc Joutid^ 

tbey Itill £ndt and nhitb tbcy «ill trei £nd, in iiic uiica&iev 

IT. Aftilr fJ%J, Y 0>a\ 

ihflt ether rations tfaink themltLro (tbll^ed lo ftdc^, in order le 
guird againft ihe cffcfla of ;hofe prejuJiws, rill (heir Fallacy ii unw 
nejfAlly Ackn9^vlc(J£rd| as well m their lutBtj^flcy to pftxlucc ihnr 
boalled ttpFiftp ivrn it Jtrutmr af ih&ft luho ^wau/J sbjiifMtrfj re/kjt la 

' Every year, hy the pr«ju<licfi of both patioiYi, more than fevei 
tnilltoDs ftcrling arc rrquircd for lh«ir cwa itmhU lifilanco ; but ret 
above Ck milliLin* arc broaghi over Krctn Am/ricn : —if ^pW* and 
Fortu^til be aJtowpd to come m for onc'fimh (indeed if would be but 
juft}, the other parti of Earaf't mull feule i< amfingfl (hpfffelvFi to 
Jind [be two miJiiona neriirgr wbi4:h ivitt>oi>r xhxx AJ^cfTmenc \vouid 
,bc deficient in the baUocca oeceiTaFy lo Fran*:! and £iigijrn/M— 
Whence docj EK/ef't rnkc thofc two milllnni ' whrjtcf have tbcy bcrn 
i^kcn hithcrro f I Know noi : bui it h b ftubbom fad: yon oiaycDc* 
full the wort of Mr. N^ektr for the bilance nf Frj^ti, and for that 
cf EigfanJ the JlatemenlB of Sir Cttar!// Whii'U.orfh i ihe formff 
amounts to 70 millions oF Jii.rFt, ahout three rilIIloila tlcrkiiij; t aud 
tLc laiicr 10 S3,678j3iS/. la ihc fpacc cf ao yearn, from 1754 to 
1773; Ich, one yc^rwith anoLher, niuic ih^in 4, r £0^00 A ^/r omsff. 
But, tibove aTl. lei it not efcape obfrrvation, what Ji faid in Frsutf, 
that the decline of that ecnpire wiEl begin, ^vVeJl ihii balance cf 70 
TnUlions of Ikvrcs (hall begitt lo decUne i and that it U (he npmioa JA 
Ev^iaiiJ, thati were the yiT-b'&.kra^^f lalnnce to be belaw two or (hrec 
niiJho[i» HcrlJng* a iLdij^nal bankiuptcy muH indlfpenribly follow. 
What 11 molt mirtitvleut (and indeed norifoliiory for chofe who ato 
obliged <o think of cheir eleriuon before they dre^tn of 1 b«nb* 
f«ptcy, or ci^en of ihcir detline) ii, that whik Frema ard £ir£UftJ 
hiyc received annnillv. the one four and the other three ihiIIloci 

' ^ Caa jTou buy it ckn^ir, withouc wroDgiog the man who 
bight fdl it dtanr^ 

'A. No- 

' ^ As it ii impoflibk 10 prove iTiit fach a candafl ia equitable/ 
)iow will you be able <o prove lE co be advantageous co the Aatc P 

' ^. Ic is advantsgeoat to the ilaECi that alL ^ts Interna] produc* 
tioDs fhould receive 41 home, all fuch forms and preparation! ai ma/ 
iacrcafe their value, 

' ^ Is the quantity orproduflions ufeful to theflate? 

' A. The queftion is almoft ridiculous. 

* ^ If the proiiu<tr be difcouraged by the low price fct upon hU 
prodaftionit and tjake proper meafures lo produce ie/t, in ordrr \o 
fave (he expcnce aiiending a greater produflion, and iu the meaa 
time to gain by producing fefi a much as he could gain by pro- 
ducing mort, vfiU you not then be guilty of having wronged the fiate 
of all the produflion* which you crufli in the very bod, by ihe pro- 
liibition f 

' A. No. Smcggltng will give to the pariirs injured by the pro- 
hibitory law, a fully fufficient means of CJitricaiing thcmfelvej. 

' ^ Your hopes then are, ihat fmuggling will make up fof the 
injuries you propofe to do to the producers ; but how will you com^ 
penfate to the ftate for the \<it% \x fuilalns by a clandelline exporta- 
tion } 

* A Our only bulinefs is to mind o^^r own tnierefl; befidest the 
ftaie may callly procure, by means of a land-tax, what ii niay lofe 
by the clandelline cxporiaiion : ;ind we arc fo far from expelling that 
fmuggling (houlJ [urn out to our advantage, (hat we petition it may 
be made a capital offence, and prohibited under pain of mutilaiioQ, 
the galleys, or at leaft the entire ruin of the fmuggler, 

■ i^ But the law uill either fucceed, or fail in its effefl. If the 
Jaw lucceed, will you not be the author of that diminoiion of the 
products which [he Toiv price you intend to ftrt upon [hofe produ^a 
muft unavoidablv ocrnifion ? And if the law fail in its elfefl, do you 
rot ofelefily deprive the ftaie, ift, of the produce of the fmuggler'a 
labour, whom vou hope to fee hanged, or, at bell, mutilated; and 
2dTy, of the produce of that labour, which would have been per* 
formed by that army, partly cotnpofcd of rogues, parrly of idle feU 
loivs, now to be fet upon (he watch to deteA and apprehend the 
fmnggler, keep him in c^ofe continemenf, and lead him finally to the 
gatlo^'i, or to the ^a/Ifji ? Who is topay thofe rogues and idle fal- 
low a > 

* A. The ttate, to be furp, 

■ ^ What are the c^pniial pJirt? of the flate ? 

' A. InduHry, that goes in fcarch of money ; and agriculture, ia 
ai much as Ihe feeds indullry aj the eheaptjf ratt- 

' Agriculture^ impoverillird hy your prohibitory law, will then 
lole, not only what fhe IhouTd gee by being at libcny to export, but 
alfo whji ihe muJl lind to aHJH you in procuring her impoverish mem, 
by paying the land-tax tiecelT^y to pay ihofe very rogues and tdla 
felloA5, who^e buHncfA it 16 to dellroy her only rcmaiuiug refourc* 
againit your cupidity -^sMtocLiNo. 

Y 3 ' FrthikiHfj 

^0^ De Cafaux'f Thoughts im thi Jt^tb^ni/m rfSf^Hsit. 

* Frehibitorj Livws a^aiitfij er txce^hrt Dtrirj imftfiJ tifoa Iwtfortdtrta, 

' ^ Why do you petition agaioft the liberty of imporiiag fuch 
or fuch ai>oiher ariicic f 

' A, B'jcJiiLEb 4c marjufaflure it, and wifh to fell it dearer to the 

* ^ Uf how many orders of men i» the clafd of national cod* 
fumers comporcd > 

' ^. Of iwo, ihe land proprietor, and all perfons not wholly dcfit* 
tuCC of money. 

' ^ Th^i 13 to hft in ailca/ts, of the whole kingdom, againft 
xhc fmall numbEr of individuals who humbly petition for the probt- 
bnion of ^n article ^- be it fo- Have you devifed any meana to in- 
creafc' in the coi>fumer the ability of purchaijng, whiiH you adraDce 
the price of jour goods ? 

* A. Not we ; - on the contrary, it \r our intention to have aj 
Tnuch n£ we can of his commoditiet and money, for as little of our 

* i^ Hpat can men of knowledge and probity be blind to the ini^ 
quiLy t>f fuch i\ /thtrme ?— Will not at te^lt its execution be Tome- 
what im^^iTed hy the greaielt part of thofe who follow the fame trade f 

' Jir No ;— that i* impoflibis : Our (arptratiom have already pro- 
viilcL -i^aiuTt ihL inccrnvenience you allude to^ not one of their meni* 
ben iM>uld dare to fell his mercbandice below the price Jixed by Ml 
et^ipiraiion -, :ind wc have made, as it were, the impoffihility of any fuch 
iTKraiurc iiouhiy io, by ihe difficuhies we ha^e devifed to prevent n 
re^dy ad;niiiJiice into onr fcr/pra/jflflj; all our bye- laws lend to re- 
duce: our ^iTi^ciatca to (he l^mallciL rmmbcr polTiblc, Buc ccc ii) 


■f* iac«fi4Mly Jit wofk to rrmove : tnd it i« on that accoaat, that, 
Wfidct ib« Wvlutc proAibiitoa «« Dov pir«T lor ia fcgafd co /ach 
Apd fbUi viiclci, tffc alfv p<ui^r^ tkti in« d^ijc* be UiJ t^ubtc aod 
treble 04 all other Ibret^a xrDcIci whidi Arc not >ci toallf pto> 

* i^ Do r*'" >*^* ^^^ ^1^^ foftigMTs, whoft Btrchandicf you 
voultl ctuTc CO b« prolikbiEfid^ fluJuJ^ pUv ilic fame trick wiEh youT» j 
Do fou tujt (car tliAt liiufv on whole gooJi ^ou otun to UcicatV ih« 
du(^««, iIliivM iti ibvir cum oi«crln>J (hole which ihc^ wiJl fqc?;to 
iiom jrou ^* Por ihit a t.\ chr tonjaraiipu rft^uifiB* tn cacni^raifl ind 
Wuciff iJm «fitd of thcie fubJii&e tcgaJjttoai which fou ftuiiou 

' J- We lUI cvry on t fmueiglipg traeJc m (}tcrr «oanu>-, ud 
ikcjr i«tUpay drairr for our gvodi ; ihry »nnot do wi;hotiiihe(D- 

* ^ Thry «4il, no douht* follow imur riwfilr i T^k^^r^ofe new 
ncranu irill be wAatc4 for chat Rimy of rogucj, ud iJteri, de%(i<d 
to Inr hold of. i«d iKin whoever ifiould dare 10 oppofe yoar ritniom- 
i«j tn« owncf* of UaJi, ini proprietor! of foBiic nicjuey ; but bv it 
fb :^yo<j Aill twHdfi bccquill^ fijccrriful in ohligmg iLc ^vocr rut- 
Jbmvd inriit«|i;ali, 10 p«y for ibe addltiooaL aod ec^dJiry Tfinfor?** 
iBCAt o'^Tf"'^ ll»Ading irm^ «l logm^a ind idJ^rt, Add lar Lbalc light 
iroofi* ofinforndtFA fo «<U itted lor ik< nobfe |iufpor« yoa vc CArry- 
M^ oa ^— 'be i; Jc as^ia. Ittil, bficr all, Ahat arc you to do with 
ih^t iiBHiGiirc ^jjruKc iri niChcf -' ^bHll you bui/ it umic^ pouiki f 

J. Ay«— and witJj ■]! our htjru ai^rf Touii, if, whft* tbuj biifi*J, 
ii couM b'lDgto ui tb« EtaiP bentfii 3t wb«n il j> nnderfd ukful to 
faoM OQC tJfe ^ b«i| 4lM ! that Itfcrrc ii not yoi f^ond out. It n^i^bt 
be poOiblc, bowcixrt co p'ay for an a^ of pM'lJAaifrti ci>mp<Ihi'r 
ibc oAiioa to pay iht iotfrc^l of all :hc- t\xn\\ l'jui inurrcd by ua^ icd 
ihcvu^lBcniof furh lb 1^1 waai6 be ihr jm^ircnnfpicuuui. an it would 
keqi aiii^id the reach, und«r the v<fy Kicd of cXc niiion, all tie 
nooey lb* mi^hi h^ve Mcaiioe for, whenever Eh* Oiould think it tx- 
pedleni to dccUrc w^r a|^ui<fl franctt #" mtasttMl 4ntKj. Till TiicK 
BD ad 13 fr^mrd, th« fbill fullovf the example of J/aUamJi wt thjU 
kerp on ihr carrying trade, by which <Hr D^ih ha<r gtTncd lb [ruch 
money nn^cuM'irhRiading our BiTJgiiioA nil, which wc fonJlf ho^d 
»a« C4kuUtFd to etfta their ruia : we fh>f1 c^ri from ifv^ to Si* 
(ify, frwn C49/^miite*}k to P^Um/, from SiHiiUr^i to CaJtc, front 
Crjiwm to ^imtt, wrhatcvcr nuy be c^nrird fipm one pl^ee to litc other ; 
Bttd ihii vc riull do, u the ktwcll prkn, in order 10 get ilie pre* 
Nftnw.Of iha i>#iVA. fc u a grfii pity th&t thti oooot bveOeOfd 
without b«a«4Ein£ the land o*ncrt, aad the propfjeieiri of foeao 
Aoncyr in tJi cbe cou^Lriet «herc ne may llaAd in compcritictt for 
that CArryin^ trade, not o:njr wiUi the Ditiib, bsl witli all the na- 
tiocil nonopolilti vho i^-ill riot h^ve at yei hetn drxmoai cnotigk 
to toree from iKeir legiHi^ture, U^'i la/'t^snra^U U etvaunt it tho& 
vre have obi^incd \ but in fa^ *^hic nartun it 10 «a whom wm tarv^ 
prmded iire [ccafODd profit from the ferviceJ 

' ^ ^'ilt yoa «dj further: Am^ ftt^^dti a{A, rJ«r iht /ervitt 
Jnr. /*/.** A»f dfl iht /am/ pchnf, •r m rJr ffWifitr •/ Af^t mt^tf 
Vrtl^9 jtarmti*itf—Yet thus far would you inally MM by Ihit 

lytUnof^Mkjbiiioftaandrtlrffl'OjisaliaoAeiLuaUY cxttVv^v\\tV> 


^ro De Cafaux^ Thoughti on thi Mtchanifm »/StciHiit- 

tvhich ynj are fo devoutly aLiachcd. — But fuch apian cin idcceed 
Onlv to ^ cer^din decree » be pleafed LO obfervr, th^( hitherto yoU 
€:ii] bead of no oiUer advanUEC but that of the Arft airack. — So\e and 
abfbluLC arbic^rs ns you arr of your ov/n prices by the monopoly yoa 
hsive cbiiitned, if agnculture had not advanced ihofe of her produ^ 
ill [be fame proportion, would not your land owners be comHlJcd 
to feck abroad for a country where monopoly fhould not be fo ob- 
Ji^TD^Iy countenanced? for you do not, I prefume, flatter yourfr I vf» 
(hat voj (hnll be able to hrduce your parUamcnt, in ihc age we tive 
3n, doiibly to tav the proper ry ofthnfe who might look abroad for a 
Teme<Ty a^ainjl your extortions : — the many laws of [hat kind con- 
f»^ned lo your annuls (and which you would not fall to quote ai a 
preccdeni), mult feek, in the ignorance and barbarity of the age that 
gave ihcni birth, an apology for their eRab1Jlhmen[L but, at this pre^ 
fent lime ! fuch fhaJes in the pi£lure of the land of MberiV, inttead 
of ft'Ciing t'R' the beauties of it; other pans, would annihilate thfl 
vt^Ty itlea of [hat liberty. // it hyjufiUt and frttd^TH that 'wi art at' 
tr.j.-hfi and rftaintd \ it h hy ijtjujiici and rejiraint tbat ive art txftllid 
iiT.d hpt at a difiaEct- Be pleafed then, in iinc, to obferve, that DO- 
ihing can rcfuli frnm ihofc plans, the iniquity of which you hava 
no more fcj^rched into Than you have thoroughly examined their con- 
fequrr.ces,— f;om thofe prohibition) and rtHri^ionE, iha efiefts of 
whith mull be counierbilanced by contraditWy regulations,— ex- 
cept the pLtir~u] advantage of having perverted the nature of the pricca 
en every article. IP biit ii necr/farj to ^ounuraQ the t£'t3 of at ii^ify 
ifcnt- 10 tU gfrjfreittj, 'utiU akvpyt in naeihamiffUy tretight aitntt fy that 
iffTy g/nfa!irj. Would it nciC be more ndvantageoiii For men to 

pfftvcni hiai from ftllEnj; Into fuch errort ai it It nni tn'c>nd the 
powCT- cf humin naiute lo iroid,— be thou <v«r MciT^if, and 
mkyt'^ thou be worlhipp^d wherever mc<i Arc ooi in'^l'thlr, M»d 
yrhcrcvct aaWiOttt af m^fi mny foffVr ffom a ftn^U miflike !*' 
To ihi* we h«inily fiy, AMEVf bgJ t*IJ, '' Uuiejc IrberiVi — 

twhicti (<riiii(icih nicu of all ntiLom ind kirdtedj^ tai lart- 
gujgei (o come tn^ong un. »nd to cxpfefi with UttA'^rp ihtir 
idcM cofKcrnii:!^ our puliiicJ rcguliNooii whether thcfc idea* 
be *bfur4 or reifcifiablr, iTi4y that cv^r be prrmiiicil, fcc^og their 
rTtf«n]»l» m4f b« afierwArdi fettled wiih c*fe. by whoever 
l^fleth, and itic coro te thoroughly wirno««d frfioi the cfiff" 
fo ai to rtfidrr ii boib wrtolerome and pJcif^nt for ibofe to 
wbocn it Oiall be admnii^tKd '*" 

Before we cSoIc o^r retnarki on fhi« perfortnanee. wc ciitrtoC 

hcTp tAiing notice of tlic incunkcnicucc which rclul[» to the 

^ cmie of licttiturrt ffotn a<i afTc^Jtron of (ingulimy by Author* 

■ of diilingujfhed ment. ~ Aftnft/gttitu wrote a book on H^r ^/;ViV 
tf I^swit wfi#ch boldi a confptcuoui rank imoni thr pcliiical 
writings of the pfcf^nt >.;«. — h potTcfTca grctc mcfttt «ni de- 
fed», «iid tiai been praifed by a frw who troiJJ ditlLngotfb ha 
oierittt but by an mfnttely ^nuin number who could noc 
jud^ eiihfr %4 iia dcfedi of mcj|;r. Thii auihoi, pcihaps 

_ with \ view to conctid fauhi which he knew not how to tc- 

B Aove, ha« ajfcdcd an oracuUr obfcurtiy in uttering hit d\^ 

^kgi^f «n rmmrthodicil arran^emrnt^ an ab.'upc irAnfiiioD ffom 

^PPn<^ CO fubj?£l, and a tjuamEncfa of rrafoning which throwa 

a elovd ovei hit work, that givri it i derp air of myflicifm, 

whjch has 1 Jifong lendency to comcnand the veoeranon of 

nankind, where 4i\ idfa htt beco prcco«tccivrd of the Authoi'i 

_ Ulentf. In ccnfequence of thif, many of htt a£ercioa{, which 

■ if tbcy had been aiicmpteJ to be fuppi^rtcti by pU^n leafcning 
^ ooly, mofi hai« fjllen tato eontempt the momrnt rhey were 

niicicdt haic been retailed by fuccccding author* u in^Jifputabte 
«tioni(, ro doubt of whith woliM frrm i^ indicaie i very 
bl^m^ablc itegice of prel^itipiioii indeed. Other authoit, finc« 
\fantd'4juicj^ ubfcrvjn/. ibc ctfcf^s of ihia (poJc of |>ii»*- 
c<i1li/«-, have, on ity^ ttisny tcc^iGini, endeavoared to avsil 
tbciufelvci of the fame device. All ihailgws, fiid johnTon. 

*with Enueti iaj^eoutty, when put to a 1hjf[» and when lie had no 
0th*' ar^unkCdC ai hiud^ M JhalUti'S «r* f^M^. Oi»r jAilofo- 
phcti rwcn to ad jk if ihey wifbrd tMt reidera cd bcUve iha 
convTtfe of this propufjlion* vu. that all oblcurtty lOtJicatei 
pfofuadiiy of ktiQwledge; hence, like the cuEilcrifh, when ihcy 
thrnK ibey tm in *Ia»gcr of bcidf- feen at a loft, ihey take ear< 
to ibrnw iucb an ohfcunty arijiiridt ai to becc-mc impcrccpliblc. 
Perbapi we may attfibuEe to tht« oufe, n^ fmall pifi of tfcac 
icemmgljr profound oblc^irilj-) of which fo mir^ na^% tflWv- 

V 4 V^»^«*^ 


jil Dc LucV Thoughts en AfeUvrobgft Vol. I. 

phLci in the ctlebrattd woilc of Dr. Adam Smith on the Wealth 
of N^tJoriB. Hut we have more frequently occaGon to compUin 
of that Icind tif myilical obfcurjty in the work now before us i 
anJ \vf give ihe pfdrnt gentle hint, as a cav»t for future luthon 
to avoid running into ihis very unpirdonablcfiult;' and a& an in* 
duccTTcnt for tricm Xo guard againft it, wc beg leave to aflure 
them that although a hw may have ihue obtained a certain 
degree of cclchriry for a fhori lime longer than they otherwife 
v-oulJ have done — yei (ot en^ thai has fucceeded in it, twtnty 
have failed. At the bfft, it Effb/ds but a ten^porary fame, 
tvhiirh, fnoner or laier* h blafted, ano is the caufc of burying in 
cbiLvIan, woiks si'hith perhaps polfcff, in other refpt^R, verf 
^rcat mc^rir : for, as loon as men dikover defe£la of this kind, 
in a ftw indjiiff^, they naturatly rcverfe the rcafoning of So- 
cKiKt-^ :4nd irifUad of faying <hac brcaufe they 6nd that the 
icw pafraf_cs m an ohicure work which they happen to under- 
hand are eKccilcnt, ihcrrfofc they conclude ihat the Other part* 
of it which thev cannot urderfland are equally fo ; they fay 
ih^i fince thtry JtnH thii the few obfcure paHages which have 
b L'lL an^lyfrd art JrlcuvcMrd to be nonfenfe, they conclude that 
'A\ (he oiher obkurc pdfTagei deferve (he fame d^gice of txn- 

The tranlljiion of this woik ha^ much more the appearance 
of an orijj^iii'il thi^n iranHdiions in general can boaft; for^ ex- 

De Lqc*« taught ett AftUsrehgjt ^^^- 1- 




ejipltcatiooi of oituitl phenomena, cfpccUlly fuch u an im* 
ratdiiuly tntcrcnmg lo ii\y C4iino« be ttaicccptable I9 jiny ii«- 

It ift nccHt^if y '^ prccnifr, that, inftcLi of tl>c comrnon ippeU 
labt^n of t^^^it Huii^ our Auihar uEei ihtl ol^ €jipaajih't fiuiJt ; 
COftfittrring thtm tt compof^d of tH/irrff piitklci, cjjiikk of 
diiiwling ibcnkUci irio mJE free fp4cc wh«n tbcy obcj no oibrt 
Uvr thi» ibjt of iheif f xpAnlibiliiy : and to ihc uWa of maau^ 
r^/W^fi a&|;n<d by foioc «i ibt c^ufc vf ih<tr cJipjn£iblht)f he 

fvppTcli:d '01 i (imr, t^tnci b» coIliCoO) (*i ^/ C0(TibLD«iK>o wiih 

QOC onli^ &ir kod vapourj^ but \>gUu brr^ mi the dc£liic Ruid | 
«ad lomc of the drllm^ivr charidfn of ih^fe Aufda ait cod* 
Cttvcd 10 If l« from lh« diffcrciu fpuici, of Uw prognffivf mo- 
tiwi of ibcLr piriidn, 

H< bcf^ms with cho confiJtratioji of wdJ/fr vafwirif which 
affotd bfi cxccileitc kty to the coai|ioA]K;ii ul tht giEiE^ llkiiJt. 
By watery v^ipoijr it mejnt, not ibc vifible or tpatt ^km {ior 
1L1I if ibc vftpour in 1 Dtf^c of decent p<: fit tun), but iftc rnnGblc 
or tranff^UMl cxhilAiiori^ wlucb conftilutr « peculiar flutd, 
diftin^ in lit ii4iurc iiom Ul otbcn^ cxpwfibl«, comprcffiblct 
and polTcfli-]^ ihe mc«h«nKjl propcrifc» of the itcfif^m Auidit 
rnd«pciWcniJy of uiy mixeure of Air with li. lu fpecjfic rm* 
vity i> uiily tUfUt hiU ctiiU of cooioiou i'tf< whCD ibcy 4ic boih 
t>iougbi Co Ul ci|LJil dcgTve of cxpiAlibility, or rdiilAncc to 

A* ihit fluid 00 fubHI), arij mifr be produced, wiibout ary 
concurrence of lift the theory which fui tor fooic }«arA picv^ilcd^ 
of its being farmed by the union of W4ter witb &ir Id the muncr 
of chemical foUcton, fitlt 4t once (o the ^rouod, 7£>i# ibcofy 
if'tlccJ w«» :icver couttien^rred by Mr. ]>c Lcic : accurding to 
hit fyflem, the vapour cuiiftOi of pa;Eiclri ol j^V/ uojicd 10 thoff 
of the water; ■ prliKipIc wbi^h he fcema tu h^vc Jully clta- 
bliJhvd, snd 00 wbicfa he very ingeniouly expliini ibc pf\cao- 
IDCM of cvAporiiion^ and all the mLjdi&catiom of vipour. 

When the vapour 11 coTiprclTed beyoctii > ceriAifl <le^ife, thht 
iiy when the pucicLei ate brought vrithin a ccriaio pfOJiiioitf 
to one acolher^ a dccc>in|tcfi[ioii takci t^tace^ the vr^ter^ p«f- 
lickft^ in virtue ol Iheir nttuul tentfrncy, rtvoitirg logethcri 

«od difcng^ac^^S ^^^ '^= *'^'^ '*'^^ ^flU-iaEcxl with ihcm. 

There it neccitiirLly KmiWtfjttnidiflanceof the watery p^ticlcf, 
bc>oftJ «hjeb the vapour cuiaol bx compccflcd witbou; uiMki* 

So^ng fJccoiDpoTilioa t uid this minimuni muft be difotnt Ja 
iiltreflt degrcci of beat, h\x\ coofiani Ui tbc favc beat. When 
the hcM t> About icmpcutfi uid tbebitocEUWi xi -^Vv.Ori^ ql 

. . De Ltic'j Tkughu on MtlitreUiy, Vol. L 

■ little mort, wraiery vapour?, comprcfTrd to rht* mlnimam, »rc 
founJ fo have brtgiften s'rL and ?V fif the cxyrinfivc force of iir, 
and \cii than ^'^^ of if!i weight, Wh«n mixed wirh nir, vhcy Gin 
fubfifl under i iniich greater picfltire than thty ttn by thtmftivcti i 
bvoEire (he air fupfiortii ihr prrfTtir^, an<J prevent* ihe ii^uecuK 
pariidcj from bcifip foKr^ within their minimum diAanci;} 
and hence vapourf frrbfilf in fhe {irmolfhere unrhoui herng de- 
compufcd by hi pnffufc. In the heat oF toiling wawr, ihey 
can fuppon the vrcij^hl of ihr armofphrre wJihout any mixture 
oF sir } for cbulEn'on, under any given prelHtr^i cannot t^ke 
pUce till Ehr rapciur, prddiitrd in the Irouor, Hm acquirrd a <Ic* 
gree of expanfive force fufficiem to raife the liquor intn bubhlts 
under [hat prefTurc i ami i\r long ai (be vapour retains (hjj» hci', 
it muft coniinue capable of rcJifting the fame preffure. As ibc 
heat aharcSf a dccompoiiEion begins ^ hence xht ^pjlce (tram 
over boiling water ; which brco<ning vaputir agiiin 6v L>nilmg 
With the fire it mrers vvith in a larger fp^^e, is diF^fed by 
Ua GXpinfibilily. Tbui vipoun ajc conllnu'illy undergoing de* 
compcirtcton» and new vaponticarions. 

Though hoilir/g wiier, under the fame p'efTurc, bia slwiyi 
the fame h»r» it m»y be m»dc co receive a ^rr;*ter hcii he/cr/ it 
heihi than it can rtrain when ll tkn hli. In a vefTci with a 
very narrow ortAce, quite tilled wiih ihe watrr and purged of air, 
thoLtgh the water futtai[U oji ita furftee no other prtHute than 


OeXucV T^t^ihti •Ji Mktwtkfft Vol- T. 31 ^ 

t1tci»r<1vcf , which cfcapc »i (oon ti tbc hen n (uSickni lo iatm 

Tkc vApo^fT of boitifi^ wit<r ari(< frocn tMliiJS (he inals i biic 
vifci- Ri4|f ^-clil lUn, fmm i»/ar/if^, Tipftiin of equal «ieptn6v« 
torcf, if th«y aic coflfir^ in a plue of :be Ume umpcrtctire 
vtih ihco:<]vct> If vrim bt ij|I.ii>du<.Td above ihc mercury m 
ft b«roni«icr, rh« vap^-iurt it produca in * temperate WMttiltl will 
prcitt down ibc mercury Q^*' half a:i inch ; in (he Iwat of boiling 
witrr, incy will dtpicfi it to the level o^ the mercury in ih« 
b&font being tquitdJcnt (A the prciTiire of ibe aimofphcrct and 
in ■ gir4ter hrir^ ihry will pirfi if below the level, ftrtd eTeape 
«t the bottom of the tube ; the w^ut giving no Ji^oi ot cbul- 
Ittion lu the Uil* 

H^vin^ ihui coAfidered, in the fii^ chipcer, the Uwi of iho 
dtnljiy, >(id ihc mfthanital r^f^i, of wiccry vapour*, tbc author^ in (he frcoftd, iv Ibtif ghtmu^ prtftttm^ whicb »r« tK« 
immediate ot>)ed« of ^^^i^i Of the fcieiice of kc^ hwm^if, 
h% tbeiV vtjXKir* tfosfiS or «ritfr And fiif^ united byiflin^if 
into a new co/npovndt fbe fp«cilk properiiei of c#ch of tbc 
cooiponciJt parti aue TuppreiTed^ a< in other cl^rmical coenbiri- 
tioni : the witer !ofe» tit faculty of inoiflcniDg, and tb« firt 
thai vf pfotfvcing heal, both of tbcm becoming ArJdiy latent : 
btttct the jcfi of heat nhieh Ir oblert'rd m the cv^pofaoon 4'f 
liqvidit ftod the augmcntitioo of hcac m ihciJccornpoliiior of 

V«poi>rT irc dccovpofed, cither by the mutut) approach of 
ibcir parttclca a> already expliined^ or jd virtue of the aSntiy 
of the uratcr to fomc other fub£ancc% vrs- to thoft called iy- 
^a^ipict of wbicb fire may of ctiurfc he reckoned one. Tlie 
only law of ihii affinity it, that Ibe water diflribute* itfelf to all 
ibe fiabjlasecft of this clafji ibit arc within iu reach, to every oitc 
alike, piopcvrit'niily to iu fptrcilic ponrr <]f mention, or it* 
tapaatjt If new hrc be Utrcduitd jnio a Tpicc where there is 00 
fuperahundani waier^ it wikl tike away fofite of the water from 
lU the hi'gro^er»pLC fubflaneet ibtrr, and diminiHi tbeir bu- 
miJ^y : *f fornc of (Sc fire be iahn druwjt the water that wsi 
biiLicd w*ih it Will be (}i«ided amoi^i: all ih< reft : andilatty 
otixf bfcofcopic fubliaoce be mirodvced, coniainint t, greater 
or left proponioD of humidity Thirt ihofe alreaidy therr^ ihe fur- 
plua of barridity wdl be divitlcJ amoo^, cr it« dchciencf maJtt 
tip by, the oiticm. h is hy lire thit ihn ^iJlribution i% ei^fktd i 
cbe pariicltb o) that eletnenit be«njF coniinually m lootiorif lalia 
op Uie water front one that baa more than ii> IhiiCB and give jc 
Oi»i 10 aiocher that hivleb* 'llitu hygrofccpic (abOaiicei batt 
tbeir bufiijdiiy alwap propottioDal to that of tbc pJKc ihcy vo 
in I aad i/'Cj vary icccrdf.igly in wv^gbi and dimenfion*. 

3i6 De LucV Tioughti oh Mat^&Ugy^ Vd. I* 

In ihe third chapter, thcfe principles arc apptifd Co the avtf- 
fating of ]oci\ humidity. Of all tbe hygfofcopic fubfU^cri 
which Mr, De Luc has tried for <hU purpofc, tbtt which 
anfwcrs the beft is a flip of whalebone, cui EraAfvcrfcly lo the 
direciiun o( thr fibres, and made extremely thin, for on thh de- 
pends lit fcnfkarliiy. A flip of 12 inches in length, and A line 
in brtaillh, he hi« rnadc fo thin as to weigh only half a grain ; 
ir may be made flili ihinjicr, but is then of roo^great renfibiliiy, 
being aiFe£fed even by the approach of the obfcrvcr. 'Fhe flip 
is k'-pi extended by a fmall spring, and ibe variationft in its 
len^ih are meafuri'd by a vernier divifton, or by an index on a 
dJ^Uplaie: the whote variation, froip extfcnie djynefs to ex- 
treine motfture, is about ^ of ita length. 

Mr, De Luc, in hh former publication!!, bad graduated hfs 
livi^ioiictcr:^ (rhfn made of ivory] from one tixed point only, that 
of cMr^^me moJliiTt^ which is obtained by foakin^ them in water. 
Hr b^K now vtiy ifi^ieniouily contrived to iix the other exiruDe^ 
thai <if drymji y which being producible only by means of ftrong 
nrc« fjch a& hygromereis caiini>t fuppori, he ufes an intermediate 
boiJy, qucciiiiine ; which, a'ter having been deprived^ by force 
of Htt'i of all iis o^n humiduy, hdS tbe pioperiy of flowly im- 
bibing hun^Lility again from the bodies in its neighborhood ; 
an^ who(e cafacity \% fuch, that all the vapour which can be con- 
\M\^ d m a qt^>iniity of air equal to its own bulk, can give it 00 



Dc LocV 7Uttghtt f9 Ma€i^-skij, Vol. I. |i;^ 

Ittmi^ty under iht bell are rcry great* though De SauiTflrt'i 
hjK'^i'^^^^r WKi iflCHpable of ditcavcrm^ <hnn t ind thii ibc 
ml, «ixlfComf)ofc<li npouf of b^lmf; vrjfcf bii thr ittrcdlv 
oppofttc cfTtft to iliit of coldf <he cfiird of txtrtmt iir^fi % ind 
OQ ibi» point tit mtnttoni an tiKtnltmi; faci, communicatf^ to 
hitn by Mr. Wift* x^-l, ihJi wood cannot be «aip)o;fd, In trm 
fieAKi'enginf, tor my of thofr pint mhttt ibr vjpoorof the 
boUinf waicf ii coniincdt b«C4urc it dritt lo U to end, u ff 
txpodra 10 ihc Are, Our Author ramtioni foni« ftrikin^ in* 
fiiAcci, in which thr ioipcrfedion oi Dc S»frurc'ff hrKromcicr 
hft< M htra inro filfc fOT>c^Jfionll rcfpcOtitg pticnoncnv^ &nd 
lAfo erronc^at lh«ori«« to Account for tbem. 

ThK iri|iiiT^ mlo ih« conftiiution inJ propnfin of wsftrj 
V«|)Of»r fliskri Khc/irf} Pert of ili« w^k. In /'iirr 11. wp^uf-t »« 
confjJcicd ■« tfiff 'ilV' of ezpanfiAft Jinidi i atid it« c4*)or fub- 
^nrc> brlcDgin^ to thic ^laU ar^ csJinincd ivptri\<]y^ en th« 
pfinciplcf which ihjt tiquity b*> poiniecf out. Ttc fiEU chi[>- 
tcr afeeffiia^ tbc diEtindifC ch^r Jdcr of uapsitrf nhiivtly to the 
atrtfirim fl Ji^S, 

Of all the cxpAnfitflcr fluidi Iniintcfist?!^ cogntribJc b^ vt, 
irOKT i> probablf the uniy odc that ti rraUy eleoientaryt 
iM theoibci9ircconLp[>Ljrrdft and on their in cciTini (Irc<<rnpo5flon| 
snd rccompoliiion, mo<i of the phyficil ph«ciomcn« depend. 
Lt^bc i> the only one i1fo IhM i% ri>( AiTn^t^pScik, or ha* no 
feirlement tn the atmofphcvrt iti cnoiion bcin^ (t> fipL<f, ihit lu 
gfa«ii4E>oii 10 tlie cifih bcirt no fenfiblc pto;>oriloA to iff vdo* 
ciij. When conbinrd, by aiHnity, wiih ozher fubflancev, Irt 
RRMion i* not ddt'oyrdi but only tetinJixf, «nJ chined fro<n 
a re^i|]*cjr coufk lu tuiou* cuive*. In iikit Ulcjii 0Mf, k U 
ui ingrc<i»rnt tn meft bodfet : ihc atniDlphfric dittds o^re to ir, 
fncditicly or immfd^iwly* their expdnfibiliiy 1 — fj»DuirVf//r, 
when the light, as fiKh, enieif. ihdr com^diEon, in wnirh cj% 
(hey c«nnoc be dciooipofed without appearing Itiminouf* that ii* 
emiEtJnft the hghi in \t% own fotm ;«— arjiu>/^, when on« of 
Usefe hfft compouoiite cnl«ra tf «i in|;redivni in oihen, in 
which cife drcocii^oAcioei niiy take place wjlhout anf lucnidDUB 
ipforince, by ihrr frp^ration of the liill coir.pourx) entire, 

Al) (be ftioiofphvitc fluids bnng eoaip^undf. iMid iheif ex* 
paiifibilrt)^ owing toon* ingredient^ rheAuinc^- tilU thic m^re' 
dicfll th« tir/trtnt fiuiJf and ike ocben mtrc it^tstini tub- 
ftanm ; ihut, rn waiery vjpoiirrt tire i* the dtlerent fluids and 
waicr ibc ;trivitatin|- fubtlanoe. 

i^thearaivf^riV^uiOa ticlonc»to the tWDcMIn, wifmrt wai 
^mpm\ t^diitodive chara^ra of which irv fbdV. Vap^iin 
are drcixnpofcd by prflTure* at already cip^ained ; bui the aerU 
form fluids bear the flro«igef( compreftiOti without cSrco^rpofilionp 
Vapour* arc ikcompoM, in hcriacticalJy feaicd vcdcli^ by ib* 


jiB Dc Luc'i Theughis on Mtmrolo^y^ Vol. T, 

fpontancouB rfcjipc of th?ir drfrrrnl tiuid^ on sn ibitrmcnt of 
ihc oitfrnal hpiit; but aeriform fTtfii}i c^n be dccDrnporrci onJr 
b^ m^ins of ibme rubftancp, to which ih?ir cravititin^ matter 
hid a grcaCrr affinity than lo h^cwn deferent flui^. In vapvjr*, 
the proporliani of ilie ci^mponcnt pJT;T> arc extremely viiiiblf, 
according to fubfLiliog cifGu(ii(Fance» ; but aeriform Jiuids, whtxi 
oncf fornied, conTJnue in the fane ^aie; and ihry tan onlv be 
changed by chemical caufei. All thtfe prnpcrCic;^ of vipAuri dr* 
pend Lipon onr piincfptr, the wr^lc union of the prairitaring ma[« 
tef wit^t the deferent fluid: whence the former can Trparaie 
ilfcif from the lalier, by thcmuiual icnilcncyor it> Gwn paitkln, 
when they arc brought within a certain difljr>ceoFotie annihrr; 
the dcfcfcnt ^tJtd alfb cai> quit the gravitatirtg matter, to irHablifh 
crriaiti tquitihrta refptflirig itfcif ; aiiJ the cxpinftwo force if 
gfcatpr or lefe, according to <he qnantity cf the defcrtnl fluiJ- 

In ihe (econd chapter, [he Author ihcw^, rhiT fir^, rhr d^ 
fercnC fluid in watery vapour^ is iifcIf a compound, poUi-flrn 
the fame djftjn^ivc properties, and therefore beloii^irg to the 
Jaine claff, ix \?, composed of l^ghi, which li^rvet tor iti defe- 
rent fluid, and of a Tubflflnce tncrely grivitatiDg; this lad may 
be diiengaged from the hghi by compreffion ^ the light feparatea 
from it to rcrtorc certain tifuiUlri& i and the cxpanhve fojcc U 
greairr as ihr qu^niicy of li^ht ii mole ahi^ndam. 

The fubftance which, united with light, wmpofe* fire, is 
called by the Author the ntattrr iff ^'f- It ii not indeed knnvrn 


Df LdcV ti^M^bit ^t MtMnUff, Vol. I. . 319 

of To^Mf •»!# fiuidSf otfinfj^frfanf — uid vapirfJatiM. Sioiptc 
fitfiiiA, (krocluccJ [>y fifC ooJjrt rauit be dtOmguillkn] ff4>m ihoC 
which ii aidrd by sfiiniii*! r in ihc fanner^ the bod^ iclumei iii 
OftgEO«| appcvrincc OD loJiflg lU cxcif» o^ ^n ^ wbcfc^i^ in the 
UlbtTi id 1 itnficiikiiii fai rxAOipIe, « new furoi i) piorfiiccdi. 

oiif fvrnicci, i!i not ijwmj> 10 « ^r«ittr Jtnjtty oJ* ftft prcducmJ by 
tbcm, btit <o 0^'*itift : the luhiUrucs fitfcJ bv ihvfn 4i< evidence* 
oftbr^. There artgioundi toh*licirr, tfm ihcfuEi'i mj» we dd< 
C«lorihcoJ tJtcvilflvts, buL fimpty Umi0ou5i «nd ihAllhfv pro- 
duce beit, by ii>cr«Aiing the cipaikfivc iotcc of ihe lire already 
fsbfiltinj: — by loroiing tuevf hrt whta they ruMt with tl^e oibrf 
jogrediciii-^m«Jt ill (oirccilct. bjr dikng^^kii/ the fi<c <bu is 
dCHnbiticd in the compofiiio^ of oib«r bodte*. Tht orhcr jngre- 
d»eni of (ire i> pro^abt)r iJtfTcotiLiMcJ LhiDU^h ihc almorphcic, 
dJ^renilv in dittrrent pli/ei and Ifaltrnt, aiVnl over dLlfrreiii loiU, 
«fld cbcc^r tltrou^h ihc tower ll(«U. A d«(iinp<»tiEioit oi «i' il- 
ielff or oJ ro(T»r ptrcieular rperjr» of lEft ind rvf the body evpofed 
CO the burnicig-gUht in virtue of the A$niiie> o^ iTsbt, may 
Supply iv llut clciumt (he aiit»ul whkh it WAiUa fur forming 

Afccr fcimc cufloui dciaiU on tbefc objeiflr, of which the Au- 
ihw promit'tt » fufiher invcni^iiioTi in hrf fjfure woik, he pro* 
crtdi (Ccdt, 3, of tbts cH'p:cr) 10 ihe phcncr^^ria of he^f, confi* 
d«f«d^ not »> « eiufr, but at tbe ciKr^ of fKC tr'c in othcf bodiev, 
or ibe •£tti«1 degree of iiscxpAnfnc fofce; for it \% on ibi« fHorec^ 
■Oton jciden^ty, thfliihe cncchanjCBl eiTeSicI tire depend ; the 
I^MM^dioiity, in dilferent bodif i* harinjc difi«r«nt dcpreta of «x- 
ptofiicfMiY, 4;idpTodjciiigdjAc'eni dcgiresof he/E. Isthlicon- 
iill* ih« ph^nomenciD, U:<Iy discovered, of (be drfftr^nE ispociiitt 
of bodicifoi jiir, whTch ihc AiKh^rbad piedtfle^J, f'cui hJ5 the- 
ory. In h-s former woik, ar>d eiprcJIed in (he facre ccttni ai he 
do<) no*' af«r ihc event; «nd (his^ be Uy^^ ha) beea (l)cc«r« 
In feirrial niher inf^iocri. The eipMiiivc forci* of £rc depev;d« 
irpxi tJie velocity of tu iDolinn^ »> ««U m iti qutDdiy 1 uid tfae 
nwtc ffcc rpacc a boJy coniaini for tfac piitidei of nre Ui rtnjv* 
ill, ihe ^rnter will the ve)o<iiy be. 

T^c A-j[f}or fuppufevk wiih M. Le &«i!c, thai the p4JttcIca 
oXfire have a routwy »nd p/ft^rtfljvc motion on diffcreii axet, 
fo U lodcfcfibe fpiraK, '1 hdc Icilc Epir^Ei ^re CKrcincly <kfc| 
and hcfice the Hownefs of the |)rOj>Jg^iion of fire, i-vrn in tbr air, 
ihovgh ill prodifioui power ol diUtlng bodies evinces a grcit 
npjnlivc f^cc. On ihe Time bypotbcfvi, hesccounl* mecb«« 
iiicalJy kir the rcAiIinear motion of )ighi being charged into thit 
fptril one by ihe upjonof (be matter of (are with il^ and for the 
didcftat i£jii(iei wbicb |h« Iwo fi<iid» 4i« obCrrvtd lo po^Ht. 

370 De Luc'j Thorfghts on MtttonUgj^ Vol. I< 

The particlrg of light, for inflanct, though infinftefy mort 
fubrilcthan ihofc of iirc, do not permeate all bodies; in opaque 
ones, all thai enters fs retained by affinity ; bodic* to which light 
has no pariicuhr sffinity, it traverfcs with the rapidity proper 
lo ii. Fire, on the contrary* is propagated flowly, but per- 
irteares almufl aTl : the only ones which it does not pafs through 
arr, ice re^Jy to m^ll, and Tolid bodies on the point of 6mp!c 
fufion- Light paflls through ice in all its flai«, but fire only 
when it9 leinperature is below freezing: as foon is it iadifpofed 
to melt, ii brcuEEies For fire what black bodies are for light ^ all 
thi- fi:c inuodiited remaina in it, employed in converting it into 
uaii r, wh;k (hf ti^bt, emitted Uook the dccompofition of a part 
of thjr ftrr", pifTi'S through, 

The Mi'xt iiflion treats of the phenomena of heat which 
accmiP'inv f^ombufiion- Fire is an eileniial ingredient in all 
roritbuliiLric !^L.^dies, and to its difengagrnient from thctn is ow- 
i[i:: great part of the heat produced in that operation. It fntera 
irit: ciimp'^tinrn alAxif moft folid and liquid bodies, and ejfpan^ 
ii/le fliiiiis : one of thefe fluids, called dephlogidicated or pure 
^[r, is dlways concerned in combuAion; and when that airti dc* 
ftc[i;ed OT dccouiiMDunded in the proccfs, a great additional heac 
is produced : thu^, in the combuflion of phofphorus and char* 
c iaI, in the experiments of De la Place and Lavoiiier, the heats 
produtcd W(TC in the proportion of 7 to jj the pure air having 
bcLH decompounded by the foimcr, and fuinifbcd the grcatcti put 

l>c Ln&'i *Hn^ins M Mftmtl^gft Vol. T* jn 

Iitf1l>c« or chimnf^, vfthcul rndtiD^ it Ofi ^re, tbough it Tuiui 
info iUm^ itftif oil nvrcting wiih &< cxtaiai «ir. 

contfibum povcrfiilly co rhc pfcdudton of otw bcir, b/ occ4* 
fitinin;; > ilcrorDpontlon of thr pure itr wiih the ind^mcnable, 
Jaff»d otf icf c«aT«rfiori imo fixed vr. Kiipcfknce hat uught 
the Chijicr<, who oficn have onljr flriiN- hr Cud, fa (if:roiV3fiiife 
thfii fire (ill hci! being it the fune tiinc ccnfincda ictd collc^cd 
r>n the bcKlf lo be hcstcJ), bv cctfiticiutily- doirjn^ ki z.ti^ that 
lite (Tiorr vivid ibc AiniCf the ^rcaier it the /^fivJ Ani prodjced. 
'I'ikc Auihor ■» bcnce xd r& b puiiculir CKaminiiJcii of Af* 
goflil't lamp, which nccclkncly iliuftnicB jeuI coiLfintti hi* pfla- 
cipio, 1(1 vivid flimr, withcrut imokr, ifir<sfro<D tb« (oul cod- 
Tcilionf^ Ekco^tiniobfljvrublcjifr, snd ibc riblequeni drUrJC* 
licn of thAt »ir with lh< pure air of lh« Ambient AtmufpfKre. 
When itc I^fnp it m gofid order, the e)e, [ilicrd on ^ )cvcl viiih 
th«^wi1EdiHir>t>^iiJh,bcC*ern (he vi<kar^ Ehefiimc, 
a refy TcnfibJe 0>Kc, pcrfcCUy irArifj^uene* iht JD^amniAbtc irr 
fifing wilh futBcitfit uptdity (the ciravght bciri:* iocrejifed bf 
ibe |Ub chininc;r) Iooiaiauui thi> irtcrvJ /«« i^ldi^ aIojk 4 but 
M% Umn 2% ii mreii with the pure m, rifir-g boih on thi; infiie isd 
on the<M»tfideof the wick, the (wo i\n are decocDpcfe^ togethef. 
Slid form ibc (inr d«n:c (hit crowi» Ihc currrni uf iDf^tirmible 
aif. If fueh ) deeoDipEjfition doei reaJlf take pJjit^e, tt^/r ought 
10 icfulc Irom ii I 4nd accoriingly, in aUcibit IicaJ bcjng placed 
over o<ie of ihefe iimp*, tnougb much of the VApour efc*5>ed be* 
'tween i: itid the flioie, half «n ounce of pure water wu collctii- 
rd m two bouft. Pirt ol thit wacrr> indeed, wm probably i\o 
>lher th>«i wblt edified in tbc oil 1 but the qifaitlity jppeart t9 

''b«ve hern grcicer ttun coqM hive Mifcii wholly from ih» 

The next fcdion (s^^) explu;«s ibe i>heno<iiena of htit rc]^ 

i|i/e(o tii^iiefik^von; ind pr\7vcij in % cJcirmd litiiia£^ory mn- 
ticft tt>ii the charge of « fbli4 body to 4 Auid A^tc i> <)^jiig 10 
the dicntctt ackion of ■ qtiiptity oif fire with ii j otid ibe COA^ 
vevfechitige, to the fcpu^tion of ih«t Are. \V«Ecf i* tb< grand 
exaipiprc of the pheoocneaa of ihii cbfi. When ire h it the 
Pi«lting lcin[>cfatoie, wh^Uvcr li<ftt we apfly to ii, it doct pot 
become boiccr ; A ihr/rai^mercr. m the niiJdlcoJ the* mil^ Caiw 
(leftdy It the ihmin^ point ah }ofig at any of \Ue icc le- 
linsabotit jii U> t^t^i (he fiukc (jviVi w.iich, m oiim c,rc(.ai* 
tjncn, would p*educc an a^j^mmtaiion o: >titf prcdorct tefo 
mly liquefi^ioo. I'Ju qu^fiuty ol heat ablorb^d by the t« in 
Fv chaitge into wirrr (<dt the dfcmery of which (he Author 
live* due hone*'! lo Dr. JfUek), ii foiir>d to be (ueb ts would 
icreafe the trmfieiaEuie ol tnc Hatci iiirif iibu4>i 140 ik^itct of 
iHrrnhea'i lealt CoDYcrlcIy, w^ier may be ccokd Ut below 
K*v. Ay*n, '7**7' ■ ^ "^ 

j2a Dc LucV Thoughts on Mtttsr&hijj Vol. L 

ihc freezing point, down to 14* of Fahrenheit, wUhoutrrecztng: 
congr'IdEioEt Cdiinoi ukc phce till ihc combined fire is difrn* 
gautd : when any pirt doca congeal, the fire, let look from it, 
warms the water, (he thermometer rifea to ihc frcescing pc^ntf 
and continues (teady th^re till the whole u frozen ; iftet which, 
as (he water to thr other care, To the Ice id thii, obeyi the eit- 
ternal temperature. 

The Author anfwers an objeflion that may be made to thii 
thtiory, from 4 difagreement in the propoHient of heat which ap* 
pear to be loft in fome fret-zing mixmrea ; and refutes the hjpo- 
Ihefis or Dr. Crawford^ who attributes all thefe diminmions and 
augmentations of heat to a mere variation in the capacity of tbc 
fjbj eft- matter, or its becoming capable of containing ■ greater 
or lefs quantity, Beiide many particular difficulties with which 
this hypoihefis is encumbered, ic has the difadvantagc of leav- 
ing all fhe grand phenomena unexplained, and accounting only 
for a fingle circumdance attending them j for if the diminution 
rf heat in liqucfa£lton be owing to the body being capable of 
cunFainin^ more heat in a fluid than in a folid ftate, what i^ the 
cau^eof Lhat jncreafe of capacity, and of the great trapsfonnatioo 
ilfeif P 

The next fetlion, which concludes the chapter on fire, con* 
fders ihe phenomena of heat proceeding from (he grofs atmo- 
fpheiic Ruids. As great part of the heat in combuflion has been 
(hewn to artfe from a decompofition of thefe fluids, the Author 

t^nit^ ihe v/ift inJ by which ill flu phtnomem are drirly 
[and cenfilUntlf ciphinid. 

A> fiic if rjnkal minting vapovrs on account d the ixv^i icntM 

'«f It* drrfr«nG tii>\4 «Jti ih« otJkfr cnactcf, the elottric Hui<i b«« 

iofigi d ftrimi to fhc rtmc cUfr. In fi'c, the pbenocucnt dr* 

J>«fidiDg on Ehit w^itc union are fo oSfc-jrf, ihii Ibr/ cotld ooc 

-^fily have been dt:vc]opcU, if cUdrlcjty hid de>i atFofdKia d«Ci 

the CorrefpfHidin^ modifimioEit uf lh« tl^^ric fluid being Riarkcil 

hydiflip^ ind Unking phcnocncni. 

■ Theelc^ik llurij a^fccs with watery r^/^nm^ io confUluig of 

B« deferent ttjidt called iM tl^rU Jtftr^Mf^ and a gnvittting Tiifr* 

Balance, CA^kd tbc r'r/?m mttUtri — <n being decouipoTcJ vhcn 

Bl»rougbc to a c^rt^in degree of denfiiy ; — in m deceit fluid 

B^nittifig ibc graviutirie maticr, 10 p^fi 10 n bcdjr that his p«o- 

" portiooibly kfi, lecordi^g 10 certain Ibw« ^ — In the deferent 

Jlnid pefmeating iL] boJicii to n cAiblifli the cqurlibrium fc- 

Jpcding hlel/, and depo/iirng (he gfaviuilng matrrr on ihe hody 

it pafef ibrougb, bm differendv, according to tbe nature of the 

^odica;-»iiiihe in^^mJiciio, [hi^ugb tiniied^ retaining their pro* 

pertendencici ftf>d JiiritEif^ (ai the lire and veifei in I'lp-sur do)^ 

aod f'OTi ttiii fr.'jrcc moQ of the etcSfical phcnomrnt icfiklts^^ 

in the gravuuioj* inkcttr cxerimj^ ic» aflinilkt to dificrant bodlft 

without ehoieet «i the water in rapovr doct to hygrofcopic bodkv i 

— aod laflly, in the livri rf rebuilt tKioni, that when an rquili* 

brittfli of the drfefenc AmJ la cRabUQied between ncifthbou'ing 

bodies, ihafe which h«ve moA of the ekdric oiaitef will haw 

tAoft of the df^reni a!fo, the cstctfi b«mg io a l»K/it Itawi ai>d 
that two quuuiiici (iia/ be in cxtuilibrlo in rcr^ed to enpanlivc 
' fw€tt though ont hii left of ihe eltdric nutter than the otbcf> 
proi^idcd it baimorcofthcdcfcient. 

The difference! nf ih* *lrdrtc floid (tnm watery vapour are: 
That wh^n the diJcreot quira the other oiattcr to re-«fUb!j(b *a 
v^uilibrium, il doe< not (like jiie c|n)ilii]g iti wiciy afloCMtc) 
rtataiit frcF| lad difFufe iile^t ettrv way, tilt the cquiIibtiuiB i( 
piLci«c?J, hut » dcCcirnined in its courfc by it* t<iide«kcr ^ 
oUiec bodre* , and part«cuUely to fome body in tbe neighbour* 
bood podcSng leJi (ban thftt which it quitted -, — ihit the gravH 
eating irirter of witrry T^pf^ur hit in ifinny, vrlrhoni choicr, to 
h3r|;rorcop{e fjb^aoccT cnlr* b^t the tle^ric tu ali fen&bJc bodirT, 
die groGcr «tnBorph<tic fluitb la i^^ell a^ oihcn; — and llui ihi> 
affinity it notcoohnrd locor^taA, ai in watery vjpovr, butopc- 
latn at dJlMOvca, di^crenc aicvrdii}); to the n>tufc of ll>e body. 

Th« lysdiei to which the t]t£tr\c or gravitating matter tcnda 
at confidcrable diB^ncer, ue thole called ^MdW/bri: 'm tendency 
incrvflfn, w»ih ic» ippeoach^ in a very low ntio ; naA when ar* 
lircd in conr»^, it does not idtKrc, but cJrcuUtcj ibout ihcna, 
being carried round by iti deferent fluid, ioilogoult| i^i ^^e^t* 

Z 2 ^K^iawi^ 

3^4 D^ LucV Tkoughis an Afttwoiogj^ Vol, !• 

volution of the plan^u round the fun : tbe Iboreer the corre, in 
proporiion to the velocity^ the more it ii difpofcd to fly off io ■ 
tangent ; and the ourcr pans, moft remote from the centre of 
their tendency, fly off where the turning ia niarpefl. To the 
bodlet called mrt- conducfors it tends only at fmall diftances, bot 
arrived in conta^ it adherent fo that on thefe it may be accumu- 
lated more copiuuily, and retained longer; and by means of an 
tjrmdtur/f or condut^ing medium, to convey it from the whole 
fuf/dce at once, it may be difcharged in a much denfer ftreim. 

The general [^ws of ihe deferent fluid are : That it tend* lo 
all bodies, at greater dtftancci than the ele£tric matter tendi to 
any ;— (hat its tendency, like that of the ektliic matter, is al- 
ways ffom the body which has more, to that which has lefs ;— 
that, (leUris parihuSt the body which has moft of the eledric 
fluid, has moft of the d^rferent alfo; — that the tendency of the 
deferent to other bodies diminishes, like that of the eleflric mar- 
ler, in proportion to ihe diflaoce ; — That ft has a particular affi- 
nJfV with the ekclric matter, but that their union is very weair, 
infumuch that the cledtric fluid ia in a perpetual flaie of decom- 
pofition and recompofition, even more fo than watery vapourv. 

Such are the general laws which Mr, Dc Luc, with great fa- 
gacity, has deutloped and applied to the fotution of the fevcral 
phenomenai Wc (hall give, for an example, the hitherto inexpli- 
tilifc phenonicnoii of the Leydcn jir, or [which li ihe f^me 
hin'i in a fimnlfr forrn \ the ma^ic nifture, [hat st\ accumulation 

Tfti Fair Syrian ; d X^aC 




except onljr In ihofc fBrticuUr* which dtpcnJ upon (Ik cKfcmc 
Ttpt4t%ft ^' other cbiu£i^vrj(hc aE>d kticoiBmonicabk propctLici 
of ckccleflric fluid Driivdclcictic. 

The chaptrr coeclude* wufi lofre conK^uc^* oti the compo- 
nent pailiof the clc^ric fljid* a>they dircoircr ihetnfclvei in ita 
decompofiifon. Whm the t^nf^citiy ■'uiroundirf; rhe liigrft 
conduilor pdTcsofi at once in a fmill cbfCid, itt <icntiir ^nd ve- 
lociiy muft be JOii^in^ly iiuirrJirrdt mA che deFcinK fiitrd itfclf 
ippeirj i<i be decompolctl, the Jj^hf, which «» tKt gtncral prin* 
ciplcof dl lac dtfcttUM, beipj^ djfcn^a^c^» .Socnc curinuihiau 
mre ftdded rcfpe^ing mjignetiim, and ih< protubk txiUcnce of 
fovie other iluidi » y«c unknowo, Buc wc ni'>fl ukc U*tt, for 
tIm present, <>f (hit pI^Hng^ a^ writ as indru^ve, wnicr; 4n4 
bofA lo Rtcci hini tgain Toon, jn the fccond volutie. 


A»r, VI. Ttt Fair SjriuK^ > Nme?. By the A<ibof of Mouat 
IfcncetS*, And B4jh«tn DjwDsf . iimo^ i Voli. 61. fnctd. 

IT i> unqiicOionibly tbc baKocfj boiti of the <lr««ii*c writor 
tnd (tr n«v«iift, «* to bold *i "iwerc iht mirrof uptonirurr^ 
10 QicM^ viriuf her owa fcilurCt vice her own imt^Ct ftn<l tb« 
reij aje inJ boJy of the time hia foim and prcfi'urc *' The man 
of f^oiufa thcrcloir, who writtt with ihc view of v?vfcJiii|^ 
tnuJcflicni CO bli icuj-rjt wilT^ when lele^trkft matcjiali for tiit 
wo«k, tiktko choice ol fuch p*rtJcuUr incrd«nti and fcrofB tn li^o 
ai Di4y be fon:<whlc faaiiliar (o the people tJi geotfa), but wbkfa 
|.are ftiJI of Cach a nature it to admit of jmpliticalion, aitd whjcb 
win atJow hint to cacicirc hii mvemivc faculty io » cefuJii in^ 
■liitiiird degree; that ii^ in fjch a dr{>rfe 11 thit he dn not * o'er- 
Ktp the modcfty of oiturc/ or m all cienrt, th*t pcot>4btluy do 
not tcocive r'lom it 3»y ^'r^t or violcrtt fhcK'k. 

Our three great novcU BTf una are Kichafdrco, Fieldirfj an<l 
Smulfct; and ih<fri**Ia illuflfdtc one art or proIrlSun by tfiio> 
tlMT, — we would cortipare tv ib Rvynoidi, Lt Brorj, and Ho- 
gftiih. Tbc 6rft for trjih and bcaoty of colourine, ihc frcorul 
tor > livt^y difpliy of thr pjJIionf, ard tft third for caricaiura. 
We aJai<>lt d<i'{>«ir of feein;^ them ei;qil)eJ. It la^ bowevvr, 00 
Jittle farisfa>flTuJi 10 u* i^ fit^d, amid the tnultiludc of * «nlini(heil 
IhiDft'i' which are con li it rial Ft iinrini- Uom the preTi under ih« 
tleaaaiit^aiiji) of noveli, or nimioccKi jrid whicU wc flfjuld 
allf be at a lof« (o cJiaia£iflr»zr, were it not ibjt the whtert 
of ibcni hire kladly, apd ia iinit^iioo of tbc lbo«maot Tct 
do«Q in lh« tiil*-p*ge» of their lefpr^ive prr'oinvaiicc*— ' fii* 
n « MCv/* — ti i> ni littlr Taiiafadlion t'r uf, wc fey, to nxet with 

* Hec Rtr, Yol> Im. f . j ^9- 

t lb. YoL IxJtii p- 


7%t Fair Syrian ; 9 NmL 

3 v.u\tz like the prrfcni, who to eafe and corrcdmrs of exprvf- 
ii;^n Linirt^ that very efltrntial rcquiGtc of 1 novclift,-*-^ talent for 
nicE.' anil accurate delineation of chara^cr; who contrafts bit 
fevers) p^rfonagcs with cnnfidcrablc Ikill »nd ihilitf : who gives 
to \.\^'-rt\ iheir appropriate language, fpirir, and rrranhrrt ; and vrhtv 
fn^llv prcftrnrs us vith a table or flory, tolerably hvmonioai 
in iW its parlS' 

The ju<l and pfrtinent obfrrvation} coniained in the follow* 
i.n ' c%VA& wll ilifw ih^t our Author is fomethfng mon than % 
rovcUwticer : he appears, indctd, in the honourable and amiable 
ch^iader of ^ philofopher^ and friend of man, — for though in 
t^i[- dialogue which wc hive here fclc£ted, a ^uaktr and a pttit' 
n^;/frf compofc vh? fi^tnc, it it ^ttf cafy to dtfcover that the 
quaki:r, the favourite character, fpeaka .the fentiment* of the 
/\'iTh,.r"p heart. 

* My DfxE rxcurfmn was to Philadelphia, to do my hai/tmaitu to 
thuE lerrjbk conj^rlf^, whofe name » to be celcbr;ited by future 
j,ivv% a^ ihe .LjjLicnt prefcrver oF the only l^orehouft; for libmy in 
ihf U-.\iT qujriers of [he globe j where thirty gcneraiions of men, ex- 
c!uliv<: of acddciiT&t may be furniJhed with uhat they want. Til 
tL'i] yciu a fccrci, my dear Conni ; 1 had it from a Quaker, one of 
ibe people who never fwcar, and very feldoni lie. 

'■'■ 1 he heJids ofihe Kings and ralers of the old world are worm- 
eaten." 'Ihc man h a farmer, and ihough 1 hiive ihe honour to be 
iElc Marf^uis de St, Claur, and oot to know wheat from barley in ihe 

Th^ Fair Syridn ; a N^ViU %Vf 

" Poflibly it might," replies 1; "bat rhic accpfadba brougkt ^ 
ftgtinLl die prereot Kinni of Frtace and Sp«iD, comu noi weli from 
the mcHilliof » Americjin/' 

" Tbou doA not imagine," fayi he, " that f tblnk they cui eit 
on this fide, fine thou wile not fay they are cocGlletLC. Let them 
give their oivn people that Jiberty chcy endcjivour to procure u», Mid 
they A'iJI be as nigh in my eJleem a[moA as Williani Peon." 

" r fliould tike to know what ftandard yoa meafare merii by t \% 
feems odd lo compare the Kings of France and Spain wjtb Williun 

" Thon miflabeft ; I do not. I know of no point of comparilbii 
between ihem. Ooe ftandard of merit h the jW done to man kind, 
Jn reading the h[flories of tby conniryi one would be apt to conclode 
Kiagfl thought ihemfclveA great in proportion to the mi/rhief ihej 
did; and that their fubje^ were bljrid enough to faaClify the 

" Sarely mankind is mnch b«Bcliicd by being well governed/' 
" I grant it, — la thy coantry fo t" 
" We ihirk it is." 

*' Who dofl thou mean by the term wef" 
'* The public in general." 

*' The public in general then mud be funk low indeed in ibe 
icale of poliiicat freedom. Let us for tonverfaiion fake turn na- 
toraliJlf i and consider man by hh inward as ivell aa outward marks. 
The people of thy country, and oura, are doubtlefi ctaifed under the 
name Man as a c^enos ; let us fep, if the species may not differ. 

" We will begin the comparifon with the rank of peafancs^ that 
Dnmerous clafs employed in raiflng fubfilLence for the whQte com- 
munity. In France, how poor they are J how abject! fUrving in 
the midll of ihofe delic^ies they are daily creating, as it were, for 
the ufe of other&H Sec their rags, iheir black bread^ and rancid 
bacon [ If a man of the Hohlefft honours them with his commands, 
they ared^rsr^j infinimtnt, and ready to jump into a well, loJhew their 
fenfe of the amazing condcfcenfion. View the fame rank in America, 
and acknowledge the difFerence. It would be infulring thy under- 
flanding to point it cat. Every man freh himfelf a Map; ; ciiims his 
Oiare of (he common bounties of nature ; and above alt, of Liberty. 
Jt is true, you have a valt fuperiority in your trinket men, your tai- 
iiMrt J porJuMian , youT ftrrnftiitrt, and elpecially your cui^nttri ; and 
may a thoufand ages elapfe, before America becomra your rival ! 

" Sx^ Paul fays, whatfocver ^^ou do, let it be to the praifc and 
elory of God' A good Frenchman obeys the precept, but his god 
IS the grand Meaargue. If half a million are fent to Germany or 
Flanders, to die of [he fword, difeare, or famine, the King^ gPory 
requirei ii, and we are conient. If Verfaillea and Fontatnbleau 
wahe the trcaluren of a nation in ufelefs magnificence, or chifdjlh 
fptendor, if i^ for the King's glory, and we are content. In retam, 
the grand Monarqut, Or the ^rand Mottttr^iit'% miHreHes, take the 
trouble (o govern thcfe obfequioas people according to their own 
good will and pleafure. 

'* At prefent, thou fee^ America conceives it poffible, though 
doubtlcfs vtty affliditig, Co fubfift without chit /^iciu\ i^^^^vci 

Z 4 *^ 


The Fair Syrian ; tf NsveL 

they liad it, they Taid not with ihe French, We are thy fcfTants, O 
Kingf do unto us as feemrth good unto th». — Bat, (hon tri our fer- 
v^nr. O K.Tng, execute our laws in righceoufnefa. Doll thou per-* 
ceivc any difTerenccf** 

" \ do- But Frenchmen have a great deat to Ie3rD> and anlearn 
too, b'fore they can pnrcr into fo Lkentioui a coarfc of thioking, and 
Irample upon ihc facrcJ mijcfty of Kings," 

'* Sncred majefiy of Kings 1 Lord's anointed I Delegates of 
heaven 1 Jui> lefa thr.n gods! In my youth F alfo read trigediea, 
epic pacmi, romanccj, and divmity. Now, J read Common Sense, 
And what pretty epithcis hall thou adapted to the dignity of the fa- 
cred order ? Wilt ihou not tbink wc are given over to all nnclran- 
ncfs of fpirit, living, as we do, unfprLnkled, dying un-uni^ioned. 
Can rhcre be falvation, ihinkeLL thou, wilhout a BiOiop ? Without 
thai order of men fo ufcfnl to a nation that chufes to think by proxy } 
Cut 10 tell ti'ce :i fecrci, and it may ferve to confirm the difl'erence 
ill fpecie, American hcad> are fo pertinaciouJly conftiui^ted, that ra- 
ther chan not take iJicir own road to heaven, they will i^ke none at 

■* The road to heaven, my dear Sir, ha>i always been reprefenied 
ID uj :i? a thirrny piib, and hard to find. Why then Ihould we not 
liLe ;:uide5 ?" 

" 1 ijrant thee, to the people <f thy world, the path Js buTthen&d 
wiih iDCumbtances ; and prirhce ivho put them tjicre .' 1 f^ney it is 
the work of [hy hierarchy only- They feem to me like pifors ivho 
tell of a thooland imaginary fand-banks obRru^ling the road into 
for:, in order to be piiid ihe pilotage. Scartc mf iliiu^ to tii u fo 

jtii Ejtoirfim frtm Paris u /jWitff'nrUrM- 


IMIU *rc bl«iiac<I in t ntinntr rtut 11 rircly to be iotind \ lad 
whtch, in tbc picfcnc Aiieof Dovd writinjj^ urccuiat>ctou much 


AkT- Vll. ^H Extur/Un fftm P^rh 19 Tft^miiUin~ To trbi<b is 
«ddcd, an Advca^iijc in ihc Ckaat^i H'l/iti *rir Frftik ; jITu jd in* 
tfrellin^ Accourt of the unfurionaiE^ niiiftn whk^ bafc] Mi3n- 
tfuT J'lJjtPC de Rosier x\ Boulognt; with 1 Tra^liHn:»n oJ tlw 
elTgAflt Evlcfidm upon him, hy the Marqeii Je M-ulonfort; 
with AbAradU from \ht R^fiJlcracftbc Partumci;! i^r' Paiii ; ctrn- 
ujiilh^ • Vq4r'a Lilt uf Cntuin^li Irt^LrticcJ i( I'An: : witL iho 
NaMft of their Crtmci anA Punjftmenii- tr^nflitt;! fpftm iha 
Ffcrcli. By a G«atlrman, Ulc «r Baih- Vro. 51, Botnlft. 

WHEN an lulhnr fp^ratt with ibccniniT)^ JfAiJciic^ offr* 
own talcoif, and pIf»Js guiTlv la ihc ciri^n and d*fr^< 
thai mjj b*vc hjppcncd io hii perfmmance. his nn.)dcfty (nUtux 
the icvfiiiy of cniiofm. The vrrite'' no^ under ccnridcraiion 
ai»y daim the 6cii<llt of (he above fcniitnenu lo hit f'edtcAtinn^ 
and itt bit preface, be confdle* hinf^tf nor infi;rrir>le of the 
fa&lta LD bii work 1 ><c (hiflk» ihcrc mif be Ibme tbtnga to con- 
mend^ though thc« may be oeherr 10 crtndeoin ; and, hr iddf, 
* moeb at ihHi (tia^* b« [lo tondcmnlt it uiU nciihrr aiorlify hia 
vanity, rurr wnurKJ hii fi-rfi^iliiv, a« puMic JLn^^incnt will finfy 
offa/iilAie him to coirc^ hi» oi«n on toirc Julufc occ»r»rtr / he 
Jikewife obfrjvui, that grrai aljowancc is due 10 htm fur iiuccu- 
laciff, na he wi> obliged to kavc the codcAiooa of a countiy 
pfcfs 10 « cvuntry booUcllcr. 

Our Auibcf joflly inuiiininQ that fiime readen may oVytA 10 
th« * many French capit^on» in hit book, he ofiVra at an apo- 
lo^Tt t'^att be ihmkt Uiey ri;ay ibmctinea be admiued^ as ihcy 
oiafk inore forcibly ibc nianncr vimI meaning of the perEont de- 
ftribcij : it 11 trur, t'i4C ure oficn mcrF nvTih fuel) cxpfCLTjonv, 
pifticula/lr ihoEe cjltd French idxwt^ thai (VigHt CuAtrgfCxtly 
by a Tiriliiion. 

Wj(h fKp<^ to ibe year't lift of crttnlnaU, the urritfr rc- 
Of^rkft ' tbac il n^ay appear rather fiojulir, but ih>i he w^Jhcd 
10 frc hnw fir ic vrould excite [he curioAiy of the PuSlrc t iiid 
ihae ft) lE ha^ ton^ been a qjtftton who have the ercatcr ntirrbfr 
fl/ ihirvri niid murderrf^ vtion^ tticm^ tht fnnth or En^l^fi^ l^c 
I'vblic may now in fotre mtafure dvcide ih»t qucltion, and fatif- 
fy ihcir cvrK>£iy, at led ft for the ytat I'ji^t* 

TbU AuThor'a intansr it fomewhat humorouf, and e^nfrilly 
animaud, pinicvlaTly in bii dcfcriptionof hii huncR Hibernian 
fcrvani, O'CatU^han^ vihofc ze^l for * ibtftFaiisofhismaftei' 


Jn Excurfion fTQtn Pgrhu Ftntmnthkan, 

ofrrn fircw ihem both inro little fcrapc^ and difigrwabJe litQt* 
i;-!:;^. II: frrqucntly pblT^s from the tivelf flrain Co the more 
irFu^^-S anj even lo ihe palheiic, erpeciallfl when he meett wJth 
oM^^is nrdidiefs, who fcem wonhy of affifldnce^ and, on tbefe 
<r[.Ctilr<n<, we cannot bjc appljud his bencvulcnce, and ftp pa- 
it!:r ^oodnefs of heart, 

A^ 10 [he hiAory of MademoiCelle Longvillic, the Author 
avtr<i ihat it is founded in fafl, ind but liiiJe bcigfatened : the 
A^>ry i) mt.l^ncho}y, yet Qives th« reader an exirnple of benevo- 
li-nce loward* a ftilow cicature^ in this young lady'a hiftorian, 
thit dsHs honour to the feelings of his heart. The accoiint of 
jijor PiUtre de Rosier contains, wc imagine, fomc pirticutar* 
HOT univeffdlly known, and is mO'c circumllantial than any wc 
h'ld bttorc fccn. it hafi been generally believed that the deaih 
ot this unfortunate yoong man, and of his companion, Mr. Ro- 
maiiiCf was occafioncd by the mentgafji/r di:ached lo his balloon | 
buL our Auihor, who, fays he, was on chu fpot, gives the fallowing 
a< count of Ihe b.iifo'm after it fell, and his reafotis for d^fFenng 
Jr^im ihat rectivcd opjninp, 

* The galkry lua? broke in fevcral places, but the montgolfier 9/iS 
nhc!e, and imt a Ipark of fire had reached the Urau/ or faggoTG. 

' 'J'he b^lJofin ieW wiLhin eight yards of the ghltery. I had in 
opf'orfuniiy of examining rhe balloon, and of taking away a Few 
]iifce< of the pan thai was llnged and burnt, while rhe coroner and 
rliccr held ^ Ioi>l; dilpuce, cnnccrnioF whi>k iurLfdiftion ic h: 



An Errktfi^ frvm PaHi i9 PfttaiMtUtav^ 

Ikid cin^he firr rram ihf appendice whicX camf do^i^ frarn 6ri« fid* 
of th* non:{;o]ft«f, it f^ivly vtocild h«v* fingc<J ur burr^i ihai pre ol^ 
tb« bjllc^ftf Afii wbtdl wu n^t (be Ic^l ifedMS ; b«bde«» Lbe bt9 
CoaU noi poGiblr icach ihe tppfodict, lor ih«ir vcfC fccn to Jowcr 
tbc pjo o( tm lon^ brfurc Oic acc^rnr. Whti tlicn ii ihe molt 
|i!aiD and frr>hih1r rmrtf Wh^, 1 humtkly roncfkvr frooi the beft 
evid«ii<v of nsfi^ril gni pfobihJe ctrcumflapc«, it wfii oo-icg it> ihe 
talloori brirr^ fj-lctJ rn/vU, snd « brn u nne ig * certain Itctghc i« 
t^c atauLpWct It bcfiijiG To rxircmcly dlTitcd, cli^c it Tcqcir«<t xtn- 
mcdiiteTcnt, ail^ tbcjr kdM not gJve it ri/jtivnt, for Dc Roiicr 
wu plunly fnv upon oq« kitpc in the ^tMtry, p trtling aE the roM 
whkh led ec trie Jv^aMt 4ith iJl bU ltf«ngih, i feuk' inlEnlCi wf 
befo» ihc iccidciit. Ib<hcvcihca, ibtf cither the /h^/f vu fo 
^mJv filUafdr or ib«t ibf fop< »<«) itPF^»perlr &ccd to id OiAt b# 
COulJ noi wpfii iir uij ilutr Iroiu (he violence of hi> putljcj-, bo 

Cr^d i^ tbc>^^4/>' gpon it< Tiik, which nofcd i Uctr&tittc cf (he 
llooA round ihr Jkupafi \ upcn t^iii. tbr aimctrph«rie lir nmc in 
coou^t wiih the infiiRirokbW t\r (nfiff • cfrtum gutnriijr badcx* 
penifcil iifc^f from iW bklkooti), md ihcb blc-tv up. 

• I Hnc the following tr^loni for tb* fuppovi of this bypochefa. 
Firif, upon itt bdn^ obdrrxfcf ra fftinrof ihi* krirbmrn^ «^ fifiv*«4 
Otc/tufi^, thtt tbc ucid<at might be o«''i(ig lo iu epmiittg; ibey 
rrplicd, no ^ Icr ibat they hjul f&ftened ii umtfiakfy ^^- ^c- 

■ 1i wuobjeried to Dc Rozjet. by M^Motfron, of Cdttt, th*lb« 
fboQgti ii dangrraoi lo tjaie <hp rope, that raa thmvfh die JtppCA- 
dkv, «bich farivnxi » thf>J^4«//, to go on On« fcdr oJ ih« billooo, 
tvlhnc bin tbat be tni^bl Jiail it dilbGalt :o cpeo it in i^ m^inert 
•od tW M. Slu<lufJ, and otber deron<uu, ilwayi fijicd ii in ih? 
niddle of ibt ballnon. in a perprntticuJar dirc^ioti ; boi De Rosier 
coold r>oi do iblt, liKtufr ih/ mcnrg'-llirr u'9« \n i\n u.^iy ; for 
b>* wn drtrt mined to b>i't th>: unneeHrjry af pcddigCt nnerdy iior 
flko*v . bm frot> i^u he IilJ jio tommftnd c^ hri bJlIoon ; he vr%A aoc 
witl^ia t% fevi <tf ii i lie ttl^ ucitbc; p«or»ded viih a fpnt nor 
aikchoe, or i-ay inAmincnc wbaievcr ; thcreftjret <be wtok wai qttits 
oamasuejibk. ind be tau\C only go wbither tb« ovlsd wooM cvfy 
bin-- Nor did ic Jttm bLi parpOM go tbi# ocC>Jian to cry any fur- 
ibercxperjattat, th40 iKai of rilkin^ h»t o»o life i for had hoiuc- 
Cerdedt Cbencc vrauid not have bene^tcd from tbc uipciicnerit.' 

Having ihni givrn our RruJctK (hit Wriicr'i cpinionv tin che 
UAforCbDaLc oil ot Dc Roe er, wc Ihall Ic^vc tKcm to fortn thcif 
own jodgfn(fil« ot\ t]ie validity of hii hypcibtfif. 

Tne etilo^Hiti on XI. c^c Rozier, by hu frteiid lh« Mirq\ii« do 
Mtifonrurtt » Terfibfle and alfc^liug. aiLd, » f«i si we can jiid^i 
wi!b ut hi^mg feen the origin), it is «rU tranfiatcd. 

Our Author, who doc* n^t fparc btirrdr', has ^ifeo X fcry Tair 
Keo^iflt of hit own tvork, jn ih*^ frwr words fo<iowi;i£. AfttT 
lia'iftg infcfitid a Ifj^alodi anecdote of tbc FicncK Kin^* he 
addf^ ' 1 cionoc dtny, but Ifiat ihh Utile abfurdity might hate 
bfco OOiiUtd wilbowl day J'^Vy tt a MrifitiM ^ F^ntaint^aMt 
JVC out fo Vfetl u7J^jnfj>/; fot ( aip icfalvcd U &il\\>t. w^\^^ 

3J1 Withers 'j Trcffti/r en iht jfJihmAm 

Ilui a Jifb of bathe pocbi, o( various l^afoninK^t cookcJ withnnt 
arl or regularKT; Bud if thii ba'he p^thi^ b/ fucb fln urIkiJttfi 
bitrrHt (-ji) be fci'ih^d by onty ■ few m^n of pan Har ^eait I fball 
br w-lf conwnt wirh having made the experiment." A refolu- 
ticn JiJcr thii muft nul be paHctJ over by us unnoticed, as ifC 
Cannof jppiove of ihc Public bei-ig fi/fJ fa th^of* by any wrfier : 
bu^ i«bims and eccentrjcitin are fometinics diycfting, if fiol 
carreii loo Fif. 

Thi» " geeill'oian" d^ala preitf iBrgely in fxpwflinni that are 
Bfrconamon, anii almtjR unmtelligiblc j «nd bj> Urtguagc ls, m 
a f^n* tnft>nc«f, both indclicite and vuJgar, 
' Tikcn jalii'gcther, however, ihis publication wJII be accept* 
able I . Ma\t re^dtiswho lo»e to whifi fnvay an hour or iwo mih 
li^ht reading, which, though il '<j^M% them bur Lflle iNSmut- 
TiON, may alTiri! what ihcy ufually prefer^ — FMERTAiE^rvilNT 
beinp always more eagerly (ouj^hi after than batiunal im- 
pRov£^tBNT: -4^ our old fircnJ PufT, lite btxikkllcr, ultd to 
femarb ^ who, cortvioced of this truth, once publiJlied, wjiti goutf 
fttcccJ»f a little voiuci^c wlfh the following title : 

" A book to bcTp the yoonjj and pny 

** To pafa the tedioat houji iway.'* 

j^ar. Vin. jf Trtmifi tn iht Jfibma. To whi^h are stddnl, Cnr<ri 
and Obftrvjititmi, in wFiieh the Afltima U compljcaied wttli other 

T\:f^-r^. D^ T^L. ii'.i «■ i-\ Til r _- . _ ._ _i . *>_-■_ 

Withen'j Treatjfe m the JJibmM. jjj 

our Author's great induftry and labour as well as accaric; ; yet 
we muft confefA, that ingenuity, invention, and reafoning are ia 
general feldooi to be rnet wiih. The peculiar teneis of the 
Cultenian fyflcoi are ftridly adhered to, and great deference 
fecms to be paid to the authority (we acknowledge it to be re* 
fpeflablc) of the uni^eifity of Edinburgh. The tpfi dixit of ihe 
founder of a fcSk avails but lutle with men who require demoti- 
ftration. Fa^ka, and condufions made from them by fair argu- 
mentation, are what alone have any weight in this eniighlcned 
age. In which, fcirnce, rejcdling the weak props of auihoricjr^ 
requires no niher fupports than fuch aa naiure hcrftif affurdi. 

As Dr. Withers deliver! himfdf in a {tyle that n notont^ 
correal, but* Jn many Inflances, elegant, and cxhibi[» undoubted 
proofs of an accurate and extenlive acquaintance with [he medi- 
cal fcience^ we fincerely lament that he hai not afFurded us an 
opportunity of commending his reafoning on a fubjefl to which 
he feems to have paid confidcrabZe atieniion. 

The remaining part of this petform.incef which ia at leaft 
two thirds of the whol«, contains a number of cafes, chiefly ia-. 
tended to confirm the eood ilTe^a of the flowers of zinc in 
anhmatjc complainrs. We ihall give our Readers the firA in the 
Author s own words : 

* Robert Smith, a^ed 51, admitted a patient at the York 
County Hofpital, February 3, 1 777, has be^n fubjcdt for 
many yeara p^l^^ to an a^hma, partic^ilafty in the winter 
feafon, which has greatly weakened and impaired his confti- 
lulion, Aiong with a cough, he rs attacked in the night with a 
diiEculty of breiihini!, which comes on fuddenlv, and continues 
with great violence for feveral hours. He cumplain^ too of 
want of fleep, confl-nt ihirfl, hcad-dch, and foxencfs in h\& 
breaft> Ha body i% regular, puUc low, Congue clear, appetite 
bad, enpe^oraiion difBculc^ 

' MifluTQ muii/n^iriofa ■- Do/is uncia dua Ur dU^ 

* Hiiufii/i dfts-yn. ium Tincl, Thebaii. gutt- xv. A, j. 

■ PiiuL Ruf. iii/.t ^ei t'/s pro n 7i/::s, qumido ahtus af^ri^aju. 

* The 6th- Tnc fympioma arc ncsriy the fame as before, hih 
bpdy is open with the pil!^ ; but he Uill cor^tinues to have reft- 
Jrfs nights, in conJequrncc of his cuugh and difficuliy of 

*Thei3<h. The fymptoms continue. Head-ach troublefomc. 

* Several of ihe formuL-c mentioned by Dr. W. ajc ihofc of (he 
York hofpital, of which ihii is one: R. Rau. Ahha-, unc. ifi- Gumm, 
Arab, drachm, ii. A<j- foni. lib. i. Coqjc ad ci.lacurn; unc. vi. et 
adde Niiri pur^ drrichniami SviUj<i l^ilfamic- byrup. iimon. utriufqu^ 
drachma? quinque. Accti dUliJJ^ti uncJam vcl q. 3. ad j^ratam aci- 

' Rfpa> Haii/J. AttG^yn. ad'Unh Ttn£J. Tijehtae. gatL v. 
' The i;tb. Ht thiuts himfelf » hrtle bctier in-Jay, but <0* 
pbins iTisfK of rorcrefa and uncdfin^fs in hij bicalli 

* jfppfkrfvr IC^npl^f}. Ftficator. htf ffft/fhs. 

' loth. The bliftcr au^wif cd »»cllj and he U ibmtwbjit better. 

* The zjd, Hiscough, tliiffinp, and forcncfi ifihit hrrtlt^ ir« 
rather wo;fe, atietidsd wuh 4 very fcanty rtpfftor^hon. H< 
finds a Imle reljcf ff^in the oprnin^ pillii and ihc anodyne 
dr^u^hf, but compl^'m lo-diiy of grutt ianguor and wcjaiuieb- 

* S^mct Mipuf. ad Ajihm -tU. ' vrjosm unam Ur £i, 
■ Repttatttr I H^tijf, -t'u^yj^. ^j" ^fjVi hxi^tuei^, 

* The 2^Eh. Early ih:« rnorning h^ wjt fn^rd on a Tuddeii 
vith greater difficulty of breiihing and more violcnc ItnSure 
Dvfr hj& brcafl than u^jait fo tb«t hf was fCdm able Cci fpcik* 
He whee2fa and cougha oiuch ai timta^ but gtis <jp JiUJe or fio 
phlegm. H13 wcaJfcEJcfA a»d Lii^uor arc incrcafcd, iind he bia i 
p^in in his held, 

' Omhtat^r Aliflura ad A^hmaik, 

* Sumotjior, vn kaU. 'Lin^i ^rait,x\\. th dig in Jutip* UTTWitin, ( 

tfrrf. II, 

' Rf^tiotitur fltn'ft. An^dy^' ^ pUul hxant* 

* iVlirch 3d- He uas no* ficlc with thep*swdcf. His breath^ 
ing II more fire, \\\i cough isejfur, cxi^c^orAiicfii idoil cop<ouf^ 
and lie tiadi bimfelf ftrongcr. 

A Sirni jfe^aM a/ tU H:fi\it^ if £r* R&t^^rh. 335 

rCuUr rpcck^ of illbmi under vrhlch tbli piocnt lihimrcd Ap> 

:ui cvidcotlf 10 hire been tb« convutlivr, 1 f|»«cjri whicli 

t*cryr OQC know* Im ju pcriodkil fcwtl&oOi ifiHKConpIcic in* 

||pr«<fioo, wi{J>o«it the iiFirtaiKV mkr cf iTvf Jicmr ^ r;g>frvn. 

ITIic fitic vd couflitulioQ of lh< ilfuofph^fc, bocb wjifi rcrptd 
tn rffl wrighi -in^ orhrf rrfcB!DE}<incrft havr gmi ini!ii*n<cc tipi»k 
lb«t dilctti«: lh« wiiM^0 «lro an<l h»t product ereal cb«e^» in 
aftftiniiEC pcupf^ Wc h^rc known ibc p^foxyfrn WjrM|i:i(l ji|| 
tbe«0bft:(of il|r n>o1l tlcili'iii phificiiAK, wkik (he cold ftnd dry 
iMn)) c«ft winii hive p(cv4ilccl, «f:d ioimedUcflT muc when 
the viild snd moid fauih vriiu^t bivc (jccccdrd. Thcc^Alititi«- 
liotfi of ibe opi4l« ind IdJiitivc pilb along with ihc idmjft^ftu- 
t^ of iht siitc^ mufi furrlj b^ ^llouvH 10 hue had fum? cfT^^ : 
ihc opium, by diAiftifhing cbe rcnribduy of (be itcr¥0L>3 jyft'-rtit it 
« vfry powtTful remedy in oirii^umg the ^iotfnce r>f ip«l«MlLC 
ati'r^'tr&ni ; tbc Utnc <fic£l i» itfo prodt>ccd hy ihe J«x«iivc m«- 
dicuK, whkh, rvjcvfttiR^ the icttntanj of ihc circtjUr^rg Huid^, 
fviideri tbftn Itfs liabto to trr:Ut« U? ocrvct. To lhi« r«ifija- 
jng wc ft«)l adil, tb«t diily cxprrieAcc Ah^ndin^ly cvifKCV llic 
powerful c^Rndi of npiltci and p^rgei Utern»rrt^ idiubllcrcd 
IR »l] the aoH violent convuJfive (l]irar<» ^ «:id w< hare ucn 
>fthnuf ifi piriifuftr coni'iiicriMv rrUcvcd hy ih-«jr ulf, 

Wc IhiJI conclude Out aiEulc wah rcconvmendii^g ill pti^t- 
tiofliera 10 ^utrd j^/infl bring coo p^eci;ii(i(tc in i^nerminii:)- rh? 
vflMt ol A Dfii/ rc<nr<dy : it li id evil tbit huh done much b^rm 
in thrpradinof phyPici viUtc<^heaih(ttar/tmtt ^dlI m^iny buiic 

tP*^ htt trg9 pr^ftif A»r ift 4 fjJft ar^vaivo;^ and oitjjhi riit lu b« 
rcbed on ^ ftithovgh \m mriy iciftincri u h4t i^vcn i^4C rv^uti- 
lios and t\'^hx ro ■ pby^cuo of 1 rroirdy u-ructt otEurc ht££cU 
h4il the bell figtii lu, 

AiT.lX. Uifiotia fvtiiSit Up}itAhi 5. Zii'xrifi^t extrttMnfi 
Im/tri'jttii nfims/rni S. Maxinu OrAiris S^ Btmidifii, f'rt^ Trt- 

P^^if^. A Shr^i A(Vi>unt oK (h« Moi^iul Of St. tluabct^k, frc 
targf Sic. bt. Ctdcl). 17SO. 

r-r-^HK Writer d ihia Ut^ flvin hinir?ir» HumlHaPttt Pau- 
I f^rftAi Athnitt^h * ih* "*«(* hi*m1>le idvocite for ihc Poo*-' 
Tbe Abbe J or :itLm»l1c'y cf whii^fa he rim» il vciy >i>cit:r>\ nch* 
umJ mi^uiKctnt. A^ut thr j«3r 174^), rhc Ahtvijt H?my i 
Orvi<b, wuh ibccuii^nt f^f ihf uh^>lc bod}^, fcunckd ta hof'pt* 
ul, ini endowed it f^t ihc fo> l>ttficf o^ ike poof, the iickj 
■rd intion for ever i 1 f^Ant which wi) frcquvnily cotibrned by 
P<kf>M fod Kmpfron. I'lrgc additTODi wtic «1ki oudc 10 iti 
poflt Ji Dit fo thii it acquired « vcrj tf^urilhing ftiit, and wa 
capibic of infmiirig Vcfjr bcncfici*] puipufct. Ta fuck ptir* 
K cbiritib'.e jnEliiuiftiD W3» fu< « liotc applied, or wh«ci 

there had been any negT^d, fuccccding abhors anJ iofprflora CX' 
ert«d, ID focre inilauces, an exemplary diligence fof ilfl tevivfll 
and fupport : bur* wc arc told* chac frorn ihc brgirming of the 
pr^r^nr Bge to ihi* cime, alJ the abboi^j Id number fi^f, who are 
dilli[t£l]y namrd, have kcpi rt> account of the pro^rt of thU 
Urge and rich hofpiialj and have wholly divcrteJ rhcm ro oihct 
ufes, according lotbeir ptcdfurc* Oniccountot (fcii» ^.rjjmfbjiiid 
Jhrriligiaui fniiJ, Ehe lurhcr u^ lhJ£ pampEtlf^ aiMfrlFiii ilic Em* 
peror, Jcifeph II. brfeeching him, as the reformer u/ ih^ church, 
to proceed wjib vigour Jr his lribnur& of thU IcmJt *nd p^ruiru- 
E;ir]y in ihe prcfcnt inllancef to ple^d the cjufe and fun^in the 
lights of ihcpfli^rwho trz foflocoiioorty opprrllf J ind defrauded. 

The pzmphlet Is introducrd by an engfjtmg of a bcauUful 
mcdalliun of the htnpetor^ infenJeJ, it 15 fuid^ lu cterntst. Aft far 
ai fuch memorisls c^n, [he ^fry humane und Utvfirhm mtafurti^ 
which hive been Ibixned by hi» loipcridl M«ieUy, <o prevent all 
lyrinny uvcr confc^ieiicej w) rcftrjin fuperf^iiion, acid lu fuppfcfi 
thofe con^'entsof M<jnk» and retigious, which ire uielefi to ibfi 
ciiurch and 10 the ilaEe. Bcfide thia ^riW, ihe IcvcT^I cngmat 
deedf, which arc 3dd<rd, hi*'* alfu t/igmvi/t^s of the kfll« aad^a- 
rioua fignaiures, Conccrnirig the firtt cf ihcic dred», which is [be 
decree of King Dfigohtrt, it is rriDarkcd, ihat it hi* been pre- 
ferved tntin ind Hnhurt^ ncafj or upward* of* Oflc thoufawJ 

The ftepi taken by ihe Emperor For reformtn^ ibe fiite of 




lef thine*. fc« (wtan^ H^erfUftt—TJio fotii rtttt^Aft*- 
fhr4%ut / twVy piTpcatt fli fyr mi i am Mi, ff with sU mf wn^* 
On this eipff !^ >n, II piwjo x wKr, b^ i*iy of eitplkRCtODt or 
fMbev of juA fucifm— T^f iV ft fiyi i ufUi Mti Aikur tht At- 
artte tfOi^if^ ita Gi far 0t in nu Hfth vii* H^ "'/"/^ '"' *>** 

Here wt i>kc our Inre of the prrlcnl puUicaiion* wUh 
our hcatt^ ind refv^fit wiftei for (he fiKceU c* ill jud uid wt]U 
Intended ciiLkirouiA to pfomotc ihc c^vd ind rcli|ciou5 frtcdooi 
of tninkind. In rvtry ^uancr of iTw hibiubl^ ^!&'v. 


Art. X, 


J^X^MEN irhifat in r9ja£ttj tie* i< e. A crilicil 
^^ Elimitijitiofl Qf the Marqtiij dc Cti»llc11ux*lTnv«li in 
iNonll AnK'K*, til vrKicb, crpeciillv. the Opinior of tSe Mtr- 
-qoiit rvUiirr <o ihc (^^ilcrrij ihc N«^rnc<, sind Mmldnd In go- 
ncril, •nrcfuttd. BrJ.P. BnlToi do Wimllc. £vo. 143 pagda 
London* 17(^6. 

A fptntcd writer lt»e attadci the Marqaii ^e Cbtflelltur^ 

Ipf(AcifA}Jy» fof tiAviogt in the puMicitLOn of hiAtfMVcIi,cxpofed 
to ridicule, ind groHy mifreprtfrnic-if, (hf prirciplcs and ininnert 
Af Ibc people CiHed <^fa£c<r» 1 li^ alfo endcavuuiB to (hew, thit 
tht MirquU'c ftr^fdionG on rhr divctf ot the Negrnci, ibd hit 
tkoug;ht» on the condition ol minkindt mih refptCt Co l^c tanbft 
in ii>c>ctv» «/e often unJuA* He ccircjuda hit pcrforcn^rcc wjib 
foeneoVftrvittont on fuch other pii^get in the abore-imnfioMd 
ITArtU^ ti *ppcjied to blm cxce puonibic, 
M. de War^itle, in rvfuting che r^ltjtnnfeQ which iht Mir- 
<{uii hia throwo on the Qujkcr>, contiderif and defertdi* ibeir 
ptWite chiTj^er, and expAiUie* on the ftri^ ntorfllLTy ivhirh 
they not ov^tf piofcft but priftifc i he d-fpUp to ihc 6fft ad- 
vaiil*^ thcif Kligiuui and poticiiil Lcneu i and clcjjly fb;wi, 
front the general^ undevi^iing bc/iBTif^ur of thic fc/t, chat t>oc}i 
their condu^ and tbeit piinciplcs are qitiic Coauar|r to the di«* 
nder which the Mjrt^uit give* of the<r. 

IM. de Wi/vtllc'j ]ar;^uj^c 1% forcibEc« hii argomenti are 
Bfjkingt if n;ic alur^y* concluflve, pnd hit work Ji rcf^lrt^ wirlt 
libctai f'tAliotcnt* ou iclig^oiil ind polttica) fubjc^R^ H»> opU 
biona on r^pubJic^u girretufoent, and tin vir, are firch ai meiic 
tbe coikfid«r*uon of 1 ffve people* We Ihall ifanjiiie a pAlTi^^e or 
^Cwo, Ibr ifefanhcrfatitfadion of out Rfide-n^ fomc of Khon 
Hwill pronounce them wild md rociintic, while otberi will ad* 
'siirc the fpifft of iibctcj whkh ^aidci the pco of tbeu ackniicd 
RiT. Apr'ih r/S/^ A a *'\ta 



Foreign LiTEBATirftt; 

* The true force t\( a rfpublic/ fay> he, ' confift* in tbe 
mm and uufhaken adherence of iti members to their liberty 
acid rights. Endowed wiih this attachmentt the republican 
is fupcrlor to all othtr men; animated by it, he encounteri 
and Tubducs his enemies; snd excjted by ic, he foon acquires 
ihc art of vjjr : a^ a prooF of which^ many of the Ameijcantf 
the ^rca^efr p^rF of whom had never before handJed a firelock, 
h>:vc become fond ginerals ; to whofe ftcat abilities, and ex- 
cel knt qualiEit.'^^ you hive yoyrfcl/ [addrelTing iheMarqaisJ paid 
a j jit Irtbuit o' pmTfe. — 

* 1 firmty btlicv^,' cnrtinaes our Author, ' the art of war fo 
be frirnJly to l.hUI crjcy alone; and ihcrefore it ought lo be 
;>rcr:iiu'ed in t' pub;.c.;T» i^overiKnents. I (tkiW noi ijidulge my- 
lV\( [ii ih jf'" tj r]-,-.:j-u:M^, for the ufe of which, when treating 
tiislj'ydl, phl!.r.i,,*Ars have been juiily hUmed, The fa^J 
J hriri'. Ill c,\ ^ 'i "••■i i-j yi"s '-'c fupporitd by evident prt^ofs- 

' Wiii'n [hij v.ii uT vti^r utcnmes a fcience, an addiiioml body 
cf, f- :n: of v;'l>;-[n ^ii* rii/.l*ii!it!v ei^ployed in teaching, and 
thu ^l:1 in ItL.trr:;:!.' -r^ ).'« f.fU'.<l Hi^d j and ihefe become a bur- 
dc;i to th.r ccMij.iu-.i-v, b;':iXjl:, as ihey neither cultivate tbe 
CiiiJiirry, n'r i.ic tfy.•.-'-.!y':^ in n,a!iufd<£lures, or trarfe, the people 
aL In. ,." niui^ iii^ii,L_i;] ih" rji, 

* Mll'i'.'y .s A lip.jik'e body, look on ihcmfrlves as fu- 
P'V.Ii r tj i!.t :. th (if tnc niltLon ; they are apt to defpife iherr fcl- 
i Vs''Cii:2Li:?, ci'ppciallv tnci'e of a mote ocice^'r^le difp<T(itionj 

Foreign LiTERATuas, 339 

*B* Atrinflaibn of the travels of the Marquis dcChaflcllux, 
^ hy tn Efi^li/binari,' huh appeared i and if we may judge by t 
ghnce of the eye, over the great number of note* that are tdded^ 
the woik ha^h received much improyement by the iranilator : 
but of ihi^ we fhall know more^ when we have perufid the whoie 
of this Norlh American Journal. 

II. Nouvelles Fuesfur P Admlmjirailort dei Finances : J. e. New 
Confide r4l ion 9 en the Adminrllration of the Flndiices, and on 
feflirning ihc Weight of Taxation. By M, Hocquari dc Cou- 
bron, 8»o, Piintcd at the Hague, 1785. Sold by Payne, &c. 

The Author of thefe con fide rations propofe*, in Heu of all 
cuflom?, duties, &c, at prefcnt laid on mcrchardice, and goods 
of all fortJ, a general tax on the retati oi every article of conve- 
nience and luxury, of one ttnth of the price of (be goods. He 
cxcii^des, ai impioper objcifts of taxation, every article oecefTar/ 
for ibc iiipport of life ; and fuch as are ihe produce of agricuU 
lure or induHry. He would have the retailer to be the collc^ot 
of this taXf and to be accountable for it to government, at flated 
limes, yearly or h^lf yearly. M. de Coubron efiimates the 
annual produce of this tax at Sco millicns of iivrcs, making 
the whole return of the roiail traders In France to be 
8000 millionsp Although he fhcws the juftnefs of this cal- 
culation, and the propriety of the plan, yet it is fubjeft to fa 
fnany obje^ions, and is in iifelf fo vague* (hat great dJfEcuhie« 
muft nrceflarily occur in the execution of it, alloi^in^it to be 
Cf^O more produdivc than the Author fuppofes it. The firfl 
difficulty would be to determine what are the conveniences and 
luxuries of life, and what are the nectlTdrics. M- de Coubion 
would tax only conveniences ^nd luxuries, but not the produce 
of agriculture and induftry ; but how can (hey be feparated ? are 
not the luxuries of life, or (he greateH part of ihem, either the . 
produce of rural or rrech^nic induHry ? Wine, and filk, two of 
the moft confidcrablc articles of luxury in France, are the pro- 
duce of both tbefe kinds of induflry : but ihe^e would be no end 
of examples. The great and general objedion lo the tax here 
recommtDded, i^, that it is a tax only on the luxuiies of life, and 
pot on ihc neceflaries ; for when iuxuries and conveniences are 
taxed* the people may Take it into their heads not to indulge 
themfelvcfi in thefe tuxutitsj and, cnnfeqiienilvi the produce of 
the tax will be uncertain, and perhaps conliderably (Teficicnt; 
on the contrary, the necelFaries of life are fure, and ceruin in 
their confuniption, and for that reafun wiM alwav? air>rd a cer- 
tain produce, independent on the whim or Inclinaun of the 

Befidc this new fcheme of taxation our Authcr has add'td Tome 
obfcrvdtions on the ^abcts, on ihc balance of cgmtuet^^^ ^n 

A a a \q^v^> 

3s^o Monthly Catalogue, Ctmituraal Trtaij, 

]o2n9, on intcreff, and other political and commercuL fnbjeSi of 
which M< Neckcr has amply treated : M. deCoubroa^ howenty 
does not appear (o thoroughly acquitmted with the fubjfA a 
M. Necker, on whoft wiitin^i he pi(k» fome ftrifiurei. Then 
art however fevcral ihin^Ji in thU performance which are curioni 
and well worth the confideracion of Watermen and financier!, 
cfpecially what the writer ofFcn on the intercft of monry, and 
the proportion which it ought to heir to the value of landed pro- 

For APRIL, 1787. 

Commercial Treaty with F r a n c b. 

Art. 11. Dangtr at Biir Do-^rt, An Addrtfx ro tht FrttmgH »f Ltrndn, 
and oftrvcry corporate 'i'o#n in the Kingdom* on the uncontttlu* 
tlonal and injutious I'endency of (hr Fifih Article of ihe Com- 
mrrcinl Tre^'y. By a Liveryman of LoDilon. Svo. il. 


THIS liveryman of London comparer tbe prefent tivaty with 
that formed at Utrecht, in order to prove that in the Ucrecbt 
treaty there waa a faving elaufc for the proteflion of corporatioa 
rights* which are nov/ thrown open to French iradcn, though fhit 
agiinft our own counirymen. If we reply, ihat the fame piivjlegcs 
i^ut are eranied 10 Frenchmen here, arc allowed to EneHOimcii Id 

MoHTHLY Catalooui, hAfU. ^41 

Af rt (He f riTiUg*! orccrporadcoi, ibn'ipptii to Iw rrfijrttd t.t 
pltiftty 11 nCfdjcAji rirprcli. Par tb'nj'h ir.c ffth Ai-iick of thii 
commcrdiT tit Jt)^, gr^uttin^ Ji iduiuI frcn!<un of itt^z in ath coufi- 
iTjr, Jy ciiirritny thr fainf ai it ■»>» in ili< trwiy 0* Ulrfchr ; and 
dlOMfb the f'llotving ^vcr1ll in (he Ulter ;;<jrvit« Uftoot in ihtonfl 
rovcoqdoJvd, nandy, ' on ihtscon^iii^n^ liottever ihii ihcy l^all 
SC4 fdt xH< f«rnr tiy rcuit ifi Jhopj, or any whrfc cKc >'lhii cciiflvoUc 
che froucd of hU apprchcnitixi^, U TutipTtrd by mcfda mof« Lirn<ttt> 
firr : * NfitHrr art rhef lo bp bunhf^nrd vith ariy Uf/f^uu or 
dQilnofi ici'^uet of eh» TaiJ fmdom of trid«i or Tor an) t^ifi-nura 
vrkaiibevor, tf^r/f tMe wl^kh Arc 10 be p3»J Itfii [h«ir fhipv and mer- 
«h«odnc«C':infofmil>ly tithe rt£uUi>4^^« i>f the prefeoiuciij, w fi^ 

iiAih * CoTifccjafnily, a F'rnifrhni'n tjia itu maftapm a ie\i\\ fTiap 
in Cht^pfy^Vt iliiEL in £R£jiihfflan who U uoc 1 member of th« cor- 
pcvftuoo of London > 

I & I |p A M D. 

An. l>. 7^ /rf>?*r Sj^t •/ tit Ch^r^k rf Irfhutdi conUinUj a 
iMcrvpiion aT in pfpcinoui Situition ; in^ the conr(<fu«nt Diin- 
f«r 10 chtf Fbtilit- KoGooioi«f dfd fo th« feriovf CoafiJmtioiL of 
&flFmadi<i ihc Practlldnt [»lcrell. To whfcii aic (uLjt>intd 
fimc RelltClioni on Ltic Inipr-idiiabttiiy of d propcf Onmiuurion 
for Tiibrt i and a ^utt:!! Accuuni of tlir Origin anJ froffreli of 
llw Tnrutre^ioni U Mnoltfr. Hy Ktc^i/d Lord Biftiop of Cloyot. 
KffirLnird froin the Dublin Ldition. ti«o. t^ Cm^IL 17^17- 
TM^CMfioa and olijcfti of thii rrprcfcnuiiont irc tbui opfAiatd 
IB the f»fi£c; 

* My rfAJrnceduring five mooih« In the cfotte of ihoff lum^lis, 

«rhkh havr litya fo flifgric fol iilH injuriiiut la i>ir proilAc^ in Irr. 

Iiad, arid an etrenlivs toff^rponJencc «iEh ihe cl*fgy, ifiivril*^ in« 

tpppoftkiniiiti of kno'Aiii);/ii^f. It vmai; oliitial aiicy tocoJU>:i, «ni 

tococnmanicjitc ihein : iot I'uch a pFOCCciiiiiJE '-Vv 0±I<1 rpm<l iho 

iwceftry aUrm to ihr iahBHimci of the mnre diftini parti of ibc 

khtgd^n, and rrrn cf ih^ ca^iiat : ^f.\o v/erf rdftjp Ar r« r^'W thoTe 

diitofbinc^ tf hti/r iraH/if. TSrrr wi» likriviiV h. K''*t * n'c*STitf 

_Cilto meifuroj for viodiciiirj; the cH'tfi'tn-i.'r the mtiorvAl <lcffry, 

ifrriiag tficJi kgtl and ^oiiftiiuEioait rT£bif,«3 f^t fccorinv ibctr 

11 frvm farther tiotcdcc. A il^tc of (he lj^utc^, Uii bcfnfe ihe 

^ ilic. ■iihuuE rpfervt of any kind, appealed 00 tac ite only Cort 

■Bietflcd o# fcmoring prtjtiJicn ] of d«r«itiag milrToltncr ( of fr^* 

Iraiifij^ fch«m» fur unJefmifini- ihr fonllitaiJon i tBdtitttvoj^ uway 

fu<K obdruclioai, ai ttic uaoa of p(ffa*i» «£ivjiied by tiiafcdiftVrcni 

Lviotirei* might create, to the good intcAtiouA of hii Grace tic Lo^ 


The Bi£hop enim into t very f^rfibk and candid ionurry C04- 
cemino ovi t<i:\fi\ntiin\ cooSii&tt^n, wAich, S« con:ea/ii 11 pir- 
fc^Iy iLiiLab'e <0 thr liScnliry of our poItti'tC fwl-m oi j^vrrnrAfni ; 
And fajirier lbe«>. thii, ' on a rcvicrvv of the <e«efftl cotint^ici tfi j:u> 
ropr, ofie canr^t f4rl to ohff rve, that alm<n e^rry IrgiLl^tLiic *i 
cede full U J 



Monthly Cataloous> Ireland, 

porting ihis polity, he conJidera the Roman Caiholitv, and other, 
DifiJciwrs, as iniiiTed to a fiiil lolcradon and freedom of religion. 
Lut the Catholics nrc all zealous in making profelyieij and the 
Prrfliyiprians of IreE^ind are Independent* in a civil viei>r, whofe 
■ principles do not, like tliofe of the Roman CalKolica, tend to ftl 
up, hue zTicrdy to pull down an ecctcJiaflical clLablilhment.* Hence 
jeruli^ iht$ concluf:^>nf Mlidtof tbe three perfuafiono, the mcmberi 
of [lie cilsLuliJlLed ciiurch alone Can be coAlial friends 10 the inttre 
C'->ii1liTuiif^ii of ;hi ' iif.'rn, with peifeit confifiCnry of principle/ 

' 1 torn i\i\\ vitv. oi ip.ty general principles ot tiie ttto great bodies 
rf DllL'ii^rrr, ;t h c- ■;ltTii, that though tbi'y may accjuiefce for JL 
timi.* iif c['--illiihiii(*i:ij v. liicli ihcy liiiiilic. lovr of quiet; yet 
wha.i V r J l,.!t' Off.oj lunity iliaJl Oifer, logrve Ucc fcopc, ihofe prin- 
<i[il' ► will cprsnij. 'J t.i ;vjjihi of ihc flmional church oi-oht therc- 
fi IE- to b^ prrrL-Li4'J. in the balance of the State i wiiich bjlance 
i::-.r'. hf ,1^ t fiLfV.r^iny <!c!troyrd, by tth-ilficr wrak^n? the ccclefilrti- 
c^ii !'i;iii!ir.'.:cii', 3s Lv a pofilivc adtiii;on of ilrpngih to either of 
t\j i>iii':i:i!i-;; cifriiJiii^-iurrs. That this is ih<* immediate tendency, 
ii I .'i the I ior,iC4.!u;ui. .: derign, not only of the rio:Dus proceeding! 
in ^.-uhIUt, '.^ll of ihc priticiplcs difli; initiated by fomc of the public 
jiji' ■ ; fi-..'A II • :^.\i]y proved in the fullowinj; prices.* 

.'la h:K*...-i )!\- AuL'iur :o a fult inquiry into the nature of tithes V 
Ct l^.i.L'd pK'^:..LHi: fir tlic ndtioniil clerj>y, in opprlltion to ihc friend i 
10 iiipoviition wtio jiini at a rcduftion of ihcir incomci. The right 
ir LJiu ckrgy to tiili-^ has indeed been fufiicienily agitated; and 
i,u ^! wi: i::itKi: : [r.Lii into fo wtU known a fobje^l, it would appear 
ili-^r \i Iia^ iiCKiit bum iirgueJ in a more dirpalTit/naLe uiaiincrr nor the 

Monthly CATALocuBt IrtkntL 34J 

ffft Eoglanil, the legal rrghcs of th« cJcr^y, indadiog tnhe of thofc 
amcLci wbLch coniliture ihe food of (h« pooreil z\^(t, are not with- 
lield by rnobir by ailbciariona againlt Jaw, by arbitrary lefoluiionf 
of on« Houfe of Parliament : In many pana of Ireland, particular 
kinds of lichei are already givrii up by the cJfrgy to [he violence of 
tbepopafaceV 10 iilegat combinations, to a want of confidence in the 
«)Uhi of jurymen, and to the dread of difpleafmg the Houfe of Com- 
inoTia. In many parti of UJll^r, potatoes, the food of the poor, ajo 
totally ejLempted (ai above) from paying lithei ; Bod flax» the ma* 
terial of their induLlry, 19 fubjeft (very wifely and e<]uitabJy to be 
fare!) 10 ihe payment of fixprncc ontyt Jet the quantity be^naf »■ 
/malt. The landed gentlemen grudge not 10 the clergy the entif^ 
priviTege of coniribuEing to the rdieft or emplaymenc of the poor. 
But ftiil they do rot Ihrgn entirely, ihat the clergy could fpare 
fomcwhai even to ihtm ; lor wirh the fame dillributive jufiice they 
fixed a rate (which they are pleaf^d lo ilylc a moduij of 61/. tbr any 
qaantity cf hay, great or fmaii ; by this h^ppy expedi'^nt completin? 
(hat admirable plan for inc depopulation of tbe kingdom, begun io 
liopcfully by their leprefentatives in the vote on Agiftmeot. — la 
£ngland, 'tithe in kind ia given without murmuring, for in England, 
property is conJiderrd ai a thing facred ; and the landed gcntlemaik 
<ioc> not look with indifference on forcible inva£ioji» of it, though he 
aIJowi his leoani a comforiabEc mainCer;:ince, In Ireland (he clergy^ 
man j» reviled, even in the gre^t councils of the nation, as an ex- 
tortioner, for aiking half the value of his tithe ; and reprefented aa 
An oppreHbr of the poor, becaule he docs not c niribute more than 
haJf his tenth, to help the couagrr to pay an exorbitant rent foe the 
mher nine parts; no cre^lit being allowed to him, for giung up his 
tithe of all the grafs-lands, and feveral other anicl's. from love of 

Scace, nat from ignerante of the Ugaliij of tht dcm&nd. —The afcen- 
ency of the cAabliJhed church, the Proicllant iniercll, i^ fecurt 
in EDglaod. Though there arc Diflenlcrs of many variofts denomi- 
nations, yet their united number is trilling, compared to that of the 
niember& of the eftablitlj'^d church ; and ^hey are almofl all Pr^ 
lijiann. In Ireland, the ProtcA^nEs arc not one-fourth of the people; 
the members of the cltabU^ment, liiilr more iban an eighth. .' The 
landed gentleman in England has no reafoa to apprehend the growth 
of Popery; nor, ihould ii prevail, has he the ^^m^ motives to dread 
ii, ai the landed gentleman iti xWxi kif^gdom.' 

To thefe ctrcumifajices is to be added the very great obftacle to an 
intercourfe between the clergy and the people, by the difference of 
their language; while 3 Cailiolic pric(t is always at hand who b 
mailer of the Irilh ianguage. 

The Biihop gives a circumftanlial detail of the fjflerings of the 
clergy under the outrageous combinations that have of late fet all law 
erd government at dch^ncc: but the uew^-p'-pers have fo pbnti- 
fully informed us of lh?ir excelTes, that our Header! need only affift 
their rccolledlion» with the above recited general lUceof eccletiafticaL 
■ffairs, I9 conceive the nirJuous tafk of cLcrical incu;iibent5 to fulitl 
their obligations in fuch irLfome ci re urn El:: nee 5. 

The principal obHru^ions which the national clergy of Ireland 
have to overcome, iu order to a due dilcharge of tni/ir duty, are re- 

A a ^ ^^^^ 


McvTitLr Catalogue, Eafi IwSrs, 

duced to thrre \ the wont of churches* the want oK ^Whtft wid lb« 
wanl of an oniverlal ufc of ttie EngUih (onguu ; for the rcoivdio, the 
reverend Author tooki (□ r^rlijincni, in conlVqufn^r of Tcfuludoni 
already entered into ^y the Hnafe of Commonii 

Treaiirtg of (he agf ncy r?f RotnifS miflionirjct in fpiriting up Ji< 
coQimon peopi* to inrnnedions tbc Biihop aJvcru to rhe Irtcen of 
Mr. O'Leary ; and ihough he doea net aiiirm thai lliC i^ra«r tuieiid» 
to Ajw fediiion, be Itill ihinkiihcoi ' calcvlxted (O r^ijfc dikonnrnt 
and IndigDition in ihe Roman Cacholk peiif^niry, a;*Binn ihc nn- 
ttofial eJcrg)/, (h? I^gJIl^iturr, (he execuiivtf pchutr^ and (heir Pra- 
leftint fellow fubjrfla :' and fuch a tendency is CcflaJiily diftovcnbla 
In ihc extiaAa here given from hit leticf& lo ihc White Boyi> 

India Affair i. 

^Ti. 1%. GhfifvatiMS b/ tbr Cs^tt of Dire^tn 9n iht rr/pfSiv* Cwm» 

ai'3 pf l4''a'FiM Hnjiif^f. E/f. Sir y^itH dirtiffing, K- B Coftnti 

Ceer^t Mewjony RitburJ Bariatitj and t^hiUp Francit, Sfyrl. JH (^ 

1 ijcrvice of the Honourable KaR IndU CoDij^iar. 410* i«< Ds* 

bren. 1787, 

This pamphlet ii nor wh^c ihf fiile is calcul^iFd 10 milce h 
ftem, in e^pref? pohli^atr^^n of the Court of DireCl^ri dcdi- 
Ug on the cohdod of thefp genilemfn ; but a number of exinAi 
ffom the cfiicial letters of the CourE to the prefidcncy of Dcng«1, 
CenfuTinfr th? coadud of MeCTrt. HdHing* and B^iwell on piiriiculir 
occafioni; and, a^ rnrght be cxpftieJ, commi^ndlnv ihe uppMiiat 
d ihe other panirs Jibove Dimed. They ^^e obrioully tio^t brought 
into 00c collodive view to meet A fiTour«bJ« foafoo. 


/i_.-_j-_j 3 _,^^ 

iMf^^-^-^ sr^M'^^^ rr_ t*2^ 






;ir Ris^hik and J*miUf;rir "d*^*' >kfl Ottndoa 


fffcrs I %tMA pu/pofr, wichoui vloUlt(»f theu idcu of forcrnoKntt 
it b cJvaHy meriiorious. 

'fhc coftduA of a Britifh CbirT Ia pMalitr firu»ti>ni, tt ilwnftm 
.rAiher 10 b« rlinat«d by e^ gfnervl cudine of bii fufeefi, and f AL 
vutioa CO t^ fp6ia ihan bv ntnuce fcruiintec Ueo <iTt4cbviJ jnltancci 
berc. If ihU b« nac fo^jtid do^inc, ii muA be Abfgrd fo f 'Afp !■»> 
dUn Cceptrcif and ii would be mviv loouf credii 10 Iny ihcni ^ourn, 
rtift 10 faflVr them ta be wrrilcd <'iii of ouf f^ble hindg. 

Art. is. ^ir «*; 

m\\\ rcfpctt EO (bcir 

of eKc Uic Aa* of i^iirJumrat, eiuoninm^ 

■Ad A Commuicc cf £tfcr^:y- By Gtorj^ Tlrrorx, Eftji 

A*. Debrert. 17R7. 

By lfc« Jact Ititutc to k^gIaic diA Eift-JncljA C^mpAay, tht 
Kinj v«i lmpo«Vff4 CO ippoiai fii pdvy'touafvllori, of wJ^om* the 
Chincfllor of the Eithtf^iuj-, «pd on« of the Scoturio of Sum 
Are 10 br tH«, ii^ comjnilltonrTi 10 fupeilEitcnd and conEiou) aI] 
v^ifam of ihe Court of Dircftofi, any wife reliting to ihr civil ot 
aUJlAr)' gortrnmfAt, ind rrrniun, of th« B'iUOi cerHiorial pofltf- 
iicm* th Tn4>t. Jn c«nfc<i««i}C«» aII difp«uU«i 10 And ^m IftdiA, 
jsUtlfif 10 ihcfc objtAi %tt to DC fubiniued to the Boiid of Coa- 
trotJ; uhofc onk/i t^v PlnAvri of the compAny arc bcuni ia 

If ib« C{>urt of Dirv^on r«ctivQ ordcn from tht BoAnl of Coa- 
troul, r^ioxifi;^ to poiru urcctinr^cdr in tbcir cpioioni *iih civil 
9t miliuri govciiiinent vc rrveouci ; ihcy mty jppcAl tOilicSing la 
cooncii* b) pciiiiofl, for a Anal dccifiLin 

If the %s>xtA fS C<>nlrouJ rirem thr obj«d of their drIiberAtioni 
c^ncvrnini; the m»krng wMr <» peace, cf negcoatiog with Aajf of tht 
itAtive princes or IUifs rn ]adi«i 10 rei^uire fccrrc^, thrjr may irAbf- 
rait thfir ordcn to India (hrcujh the Aicdium cf tn< ffi:rrt<oninijuco 
of three DTrrAon, who Are 10 fend them ik-iEhoui dlfdofln^ their 
ractteiti ^ And the Fnfidrn<iei are to obey them, And Rtota theix 
^r««n ID like <0fi1i<1«ntia1 mmrer. 

Tht pOMxr of Appointing ^ad d^ffnifllng fetvintiof lheComp4aya 
ii refetvcd \a the Diie^Wia. 

Sitch it (he gr mt plan under which ihc A^iiri cf tht Comjuny 
Mft XI prrirfir mnn^crd ; An<t cTir wrlirr firmr bfforr vt remarkt, 
' That the trade of the Cofiipiey niij be ably cinied on by 
nvejity-fotfr fcntlrmrn, a^iog in concert vbiib, end uodcr the ^1- 
ftOjon 0/ A uiperior Soari, I can reidify Conceive -, but to fkt;>pafo 
it CAR continue lu ifarlve under ihe manigcnicni of a fct cf aier who 
hAve ro iLirhnriijri idinf^ '\n tippoHilon lo a Boxrd who hire afae ca. 
tire Tkipe fir Tendance cf til otir terfitorie* ip Jndfa, who hAve tho 
nj^ht ii rnvSiifif" war ind prace, the arranj-rtncAt of all imttert of 
rftcnuc, »nd ike <»tEce of ficgodaiin^ n/ii: eiery cOHcr tA the. 
LOuniry ffoni whcuci; thU UaiJe U tn l9our. ■• 4 pouliua »hkh 1 
^oaM bfjj Icive to tgndlion. Iiii lohr cft-illdrrci, that our Cnnnec- 
tioA w'wV India Itandi npri 3 vrry difiVfenE fotiting from what k orU 
ginAiiy did. Ctinimercv Jnd icmTOry j'e ribw I'o intifaAtely blrD^ei* 
ihAi their icfpcftivc confcqucACe cia^i ptdu^t caUitly <tcpcad om 


tbcii wwW caeniuri)/ 



Bat the Diredors are proridod mtk mnmedn if in-flnalft 

the King in counciK ' An ippall from fix Mvy CottafeUMv 
two of wbom are in the Cibinct^ lo the King ia'Cosnalt-^Tfa^' 
^eciHoa Uiii wonZd be ^iv^ni* flbcnit ti dificajt tO fta gneflU'^l* 
A9 the rcfuU of a Dfan ind Chtpter*! daltberitkw*' wIkb dwr 
a/Tcmble to eleA a Biihop, .An ■ppetlt lb be^ bu Majbfly^rill 
irplaia t9/9itr-amJ iiwtntj mirthMMtt vAtl thiBgi ftre to be DB<tct§nil 
^% rilatirtg to trtiJe ! — It ]■ ii ridtCttloQi'ti if xYtt Prrw^C»^mrHm^t9 
to apply 10 the India H^ft for a defitiicion of /rvrff^t/ivr.' - , . , < 
A f:c ordinal / we find the Board of Controal have tifcei^ tW qjifc* 
ri^^mcDt of ihe Nabob of Arcot'i debti ont of ihe hiodt of fh* 
Djrfdlor»; becaufi?, though ii vti bat a pecuniary donMJUc tniif* 
a^ion, it wAr Irrrrprcred co be a n'egociatioQ with ooe of the naDre 
PrirrccE of India ; and in a difference between the Dire^rt and pne 
of ihcir oScera, colonel Rofs, they hive deprived ihe Diredori of ^ 
aiithtrirv over ilicir fervanta, atid virtuaUy releaied thob fervaa^ 
from .1 datifut ^itrrncion ic their malteri, by informing the DJrtAm 
(wuliout the \c^{\ r^ujHAcatioa) that ihey do not ' recognise fkj 
po^cr in ihcm to iranfmit to India either ccnfnre or approba- 
tr II of iSio condufl of any fcrvint civil or miljtaryp ,cxcl)iifivf 
cf ths cortri^ul of x\\\^ fi-ard,' Tli'cfc preparatory flep* led *he «r^ 
to ^irrmllyiltpofin^ I'.f DireAon \ for eaily in the lajl fcSian of|i^ 
TiaEnf^ntf a clauic wa^ introdacrd into the new ift* compftlliDg IjlLf 
rpicm'icrs of tl : fi'cret committee of Dire^rs to tahe.a wImdb 
0.-^1 h rtgt to <liii.l(rrr iiti/ of Uic ifCict c^rd^v^i of ihc uotimifji^a^n for 
Tn'JiA rtUtiQg Li^ pt^.t'tC. w±r, or nc^aciidiva wi^l Any cf il^c luiJita 
^iihnui i'tthorlir from the Board, Tkwi, thQUph 

£." : 7'^ ■-■ f?: .i, '.vj ^-i :■■ ' c*"- o;:,' ,ii,*jr»iL^' iii:j ,-v\V"JU^'v, 
or cf::i: . n^. ti*; ^: ^v;'> -^i^*^- ,■ . ■> Lfcii ^o-c hri,i-, lo *V".'y 

Art. 17. ^'< Jjjrf/t ;j C^/r. £i\-\:S: ■. < ; iViit.iLtiUi ,; ;*>or.-.T!.»* 

i&Jt oa the T^sS cf Ap'il 17 ' i , ou ibf KiUi-hvc j;**" l>y \\ it 
nc^s, on 'r.\s Trul a: Porir;noi:ch ill 0«,'vViiibrf t;^ ^ . -tuJ v>ii i\iv 

The Pubtk have alrcaJy before ibiTi cvfry partii iilar coni^iuiii;; 
Capuin Sutton's trial. Thr Aufhi^r nF iliii ^Mmplili'i Mjmr> \U>.i 
C*pia"m, and Tay* • the mrmbii> ^'1' rhr loini mull i-itlur 
have been Fgregioutly i^^norant, nr cimrtimui-itL ly ivitk^-tL.' V\ it ,i\r. 
Coirj to icp a m^n, who is rn^lowi-it uiili J'uirn acute laiiiliin a^ ^\^^■^ 
vtry inielligcnt feamati poITcires, iiakc ufc ol luch iiitrmjiiirdiD lan- 

Djssevters' Applicatkjw to Pabi.iamim"- 

Art. 18. ji Letter to the Deptiltn r-f ihf }*rtnfitxut Ihjjtttuu^ {.i^tt^ti' 
gaiionst in and about the Cllic> <if' jAinJuJi iniL W rlliiui'lU Ji i<\k 
ibeir intended Applicitlon to [';irJiriini-N( Jur die krju'.ir ul \\\ti 
'Corporation and 'left Afls. Hvit, m. IliirkUnd. 1/^7' 
By the »/f^ir/f>j hcir^ miTjLLi, we Jiif lo umlrrfltuil tlir 1. jiirfi'iii,! 
tivei of rJificDLirjg con;;rej',jiinn&, in m»cI ntiu |}ic *jjritfjjf<!ji (iwij 
members from each), HhooicMlk'>ri:iJly njrri in ictif'uJiuUfJii, rin m^x 
tcrj refpeclJog the ^ejjcrnt in'ercJt. u\ \\\r \.u\f 4t l-u^/'p 'f Im fi- 
^entlemen are Gojj'rJi;red by iLc wr.I^r ij iLfa Iriit 1, a\ Ji4irJn;> iAnt 
ihe principal mover- r>f ih^ J,:'v :jp|jlif nU'iri ir« I'^j^iJiumr, liij ■ jr 
peal of To mach of ;he 'f crt A^ 1 a^ ; Ikii^ifn; iJiIkijii-it, b/ 'kjjfi*»ii|f 
them cfan cqj'.I p-ri!..:^.:^:!'.: , .i>n ''■'ir biEL^iif ij ul in^- J.Li'b'iJhw 
Church, fjf th; t . .^. r.i''.'-. '.# J^j #'.:".. f I'l;' ■!. A- 'trt-'.tt.y' /. ^it ^A 
dreficj t}:Prj en *" '-i' "-' •'-■'• y, v^j'-j rr^.f-ZA i/, i1ij> j|>-,ij' .ihf,fi, n 
meafure v.ric . \e ■"':' ;.>r'j.*:.j (s tf. ^jj^j^'M Ly iL*r j^rp.c^J 1^4 

dnciv* t'^ ■>-• '^i' ' ■-^.'f' 'J •■ ^ ?>;':- J. '!■,;' ' * ,V, Mr r...": «m»i 
great a^r-" --i .'v ',f :•.",*'? •.:. *.:< >_'**-■; '-/r^.iv^ ic: ?',,m' *.! ijit 
argutj*,' .i T' ■' v. r • • •••^ •-■'..'. *- c l<y,',v; *'jf.'i','- *,! iih- 
geci-^r^E'- 'vr .. ' ■, - ".■■ >'« _VL 'T.'/ wr*- '--v*/"-' ^'■■■''r, 'I * »■ 
pir.;" :: i-i ;- r ■: *-.'. -. ;'.t '..It'-;: ..*, ,. f "iv-' - .< 

IL" H . --' --' '-'_■■"'-■- i ' '- j' ., -' >■ ■ -1, " *^j'#ty '■■-&*. I h'J'tf'ti " 
V. t*;'.5r 'i- ; ',./. --." -- r.-,*:^ '.' * .*v.i '.a* j.", v-- ■ i- *'*- 

1:- ', i ' 





348 MoNTHiv Catalogue, Dljftnltn' JppUcaittn^ &c. 

Dedication to tbe Right Hon. WilliAin Pitt. Svo, is. 6^^ Ro- 

binfoni- '787- 

Revjved from the memorable Baagorian coatrovcrfy ; the tnd u 
ingenioull^ writLen, but fallacioufly argued. It » now dedictted to 
Mr, Pin, to induce him to Aaod by the church— that thecimrch mwf 
iland by him *. 

Art* to. Bifioft HatiMy*! Re/utaliea $f Sifiep SherUck'i Jrgmm4»tf 

ogainfl a Repeal t &c. wherein the Juilice and Reafontblenefl of 

fuch a Repeal are clearly evinced, S^O. M. f-d. Dilly. 

Sherlock^ though a more poliflied writer thati Hoadly, was nethinf 

in the hands of the grt^at champion of civil and religious liberty, 

when engiged with him on polemic ground. Let thofc who cueftion 

this aflenion, give this and the foregoing work a candid peraral, and 

be convinced. The Editor has added the fcnrrmenta of two other 

crnlneni divines of the eflabljfhed church {vix. Sykes and Paley)j in 

conlirmacion of BiOtop Hoadly'i libcr^t and iruty Cbiiftiaa wmti* 


Art. 21. Tbt Right of Pr%tefi&itt Difftnttrt to « camplrte Titlfrmtin, 
ajftfttd', or. An hiHorical Review of their Situation under the Laws 
impoling the Sacramental TeH on Ferfona admitted to Offices; 
and Jhewing the Impofition of that Teit to be unjuft wiih rcfpeA 
Xp the Proieflant Diffcnters of England and the Natives of North 
Britain, as well ai inexpedient ; with an Anfwcr so the Objeflion 
urged from the Afl of Union with Scotland ; and Proofs that the 
prefeni ii the proper Time for applying to Parliament for the ne- 
^eiTary Redicft. To whkh ifl added, ft Poftfcripi, in Replf to 



I7«;< Bjr J. 

The DoRot rxpoflijtjtci vrry frrely with Mr. PiEt for ihv ptr: he 
■ooli is oppoAtlon Eo Mr. fiMurof ■ motioB ; iftd jlvet him fc^mc 
«vlH)leroin« >dnari)ijf>n, at AtJl u macb e«o4 tnlntAiOo on the lub- 
jcAi hQfiQj! tfiot ihc minil of ihc ycuc^ MinLAcr * viay flilJ bropcA 
H> coaviC^ioii, jind th^l. on ^Jk/urt sici^vm, be itiH be m«c £fA!oui 
lodojufii^ tfi jhf DrJT«i)iFrs on ucriunt of hii having bepn tbc 
DrtncipU fnfuii of acnym^ rt i<> ihrm al pre !rrit/ We a|>pr«h«tt<lr 
DoiMvcr, th«( hi» /d/f opp<;»rit)on Ci» ihctr cftufc, ii bat a istttj pro- 
miiV cf t^i Cvioi more ftroijr«b1r iatlincd towu^ ib«« in fmtmrr* 
WbM wfj^ciL [he good Dvctgr'j ivoidi will \tnrc wjih biA* icmiim 
ID be frrn.--^Tb)i pamfhlFt conmlni ilib (prfh^pi a?: rtrj fia/vt- 
sUfJ « rmri] of lon>e/ff/frr r/ij«i of thr Dir&rtrftt, «A cb« j«lUc« 

|b« pjrcUuIir AuviJtcemenL of ibe Uwl^AfclA^ iaiefffl. 

Art. ^4. T'Sr $iii(j/««iff ^/tU S^tfth 4tii*^tJly Hn^ B***fhf B/^, 

11 ibt Hr>ijr« of CoiniDoni, oa the 2t(b of Mirch i^S;. o* hii 

Moticm for chv Rt-pcal of c^? THI ind Corporilfion A^i ; andod- 

ini; slfo the ^-.ibJUii^c of hii Reply. I>^, la. CiJtSL 

Tnii fpffch ^oei Mr. Ue«ufb]r tnoch <fed<i. It ii if^troJifced bjr 

tKc r<ilJow)ri^ pTcfitory «tlTci(«r<ment ; 'Tbc bE« 4f biif in the 

HduAt ^r Ciiiumopi, wa* en jl fnbJcA fo micteAin^, doi ot!r lo the 

wholv [»4y of Prorf rlinc DilTbrifrs in (hit ktngtSccn, bin to a1] rH« 

friecdi of t^vit f nJ rrli^iout liberty, thai rothirg couM b* oorr ra- 

rural ihin a deFlrc lo be -ic^uaiTited with iKe ir^umrntt ftJtancod o« 

i*i< occaAoq A«cofJio';Iy, fcveril G^ileinet hi« btn uf£««c 

wiib Mr. BfiiiCuyt lo Utour item wiih iIjc Tobt^ancc of wkii wai 

dHlT4?teJ by liim io njcrtinj ihc Qncftion, inJ in ibe cowfc of hit 

ItepJy^ To ihit rfN-]ii«Jt hr hit obligingly 9CC«dH, anJ !■ » with 

CrtiCtfUr pletfuie ihki iFie liditof comTnici ihe fpcoch lo t^ pr«ra i 
t:i; p^rfeflly fiijibcd that ii C4anoc f/iil cf JjIfUyinc, in i clear 
and ATong lif ht. ihcjullkc, the Wifdoin, and i1i« good Pdk) o« 
whicli ■^e fniiicd^ ifrAi foDLidriL Ii It boped, ihit wh«< wu To ably 
• nd eftrrgcriolly urged by the rpll of the |;riit]eaien who fpoke in 
the dvbaiv, Willi in fom« f^fm or other, be Jiid before ibc PabJic : 
nov c^rtd (he rc4raiiLiij-i be feirni ihit were produced on ibc opfdr^tc 
iiilr of ibc qucltiona from whatc^ei hi^b ind eniiAeac qttaf lcr> tJkry 
MU^bi cone. ThcCife of the FroielUnt I^iCeetten rcqoirei ooly to 
be nuiurrTy fon^drrecj and Ehorctighly underftoodj in ordtr loreod^r 
ibsir tppiiciticMti for ttitth liailly Jaccebfal.' 

# PotlCK. 

Jbl> It, Cttifidrrmi^mi fit tht BiJUfir t^ l^Utr Jiiii^/ ^mJ Smflrjittm 

0f itt Pmr^ Ac- inErnded to be offered lo r^^ilumuu ihU Sefioo. 

Bv fhomi Gilbert. Z(*\^ 8vo. ii. WiJkie. 17B7. 

Mf. CUben hit tnlitled bjmfrll 10 the giAtefQl ickaowlec^fi- 
^eti of (be ?ub]ie, for hti loii^ And unremiti^d attention to tAe 
frc*( otjr^ of refLirciiirig tJiC Uwf for ihc proiifiio of the poor; 
a^d their ^.eaElrntCFi In i\\ p9i» x>X [he coLfntry, who bite tu/ned 
dkdr ih9*jtl>o '*^ 'he fime imprtfiACi fobjefk, ctnnor better dif- 
chirge thdr obligiiioni Co their cOJOSry, tkui bj co-Ofcraiir^ in 



Monthly Catalogue, P&IUt. 

t'le benevolent delign. A gcntlemaD who figns himfdf Tho. B. 
B:ry]cy, and daces from the Hope near Mane hcilcr, is noir ct>Dfi-> 
tlt^iing Mr. Gilbtrt's plan, in a courfe of leiten in the Landon 
ChEoiiideT which, when finiOieU, will probably be colIeAed in % 
repc;rate publication: and any plan of innovation, and of fuch « 
nniik^nal magnitude, cannot be too much difcuHed, 

Mr. Gilbert oI>ierve% that ' in order to carry into execution tho 
principle of union and in corporation. It is piopofcd to diride each 
county iiiEO diflHi^s- Jn doing this, it ij not meant to coniine our- 
Jc:!ve^ to hundreds, ivhith may be aa much too targe in many cafcit 
a? pariHies arc loo fmall. Ic is not cafy for the legiflature to pr«- 
fcrlbi' uh^t number of patil!ics ihould be comprifed in each of thefe 
dii)rj<.ls; and lu adopt a diviJjun, like that into hundreds made 
SVo jt-ars ago, and for fjr other purpofes, would bc committing 
the fiiccefs ol a very impnriart obje<5l to mere chance. Ji is there- 
fi'ic in(end<df that certain CommiHionen Jhould be named in the 
Lili fcr each county ; and that tliey, a^ peribns bell qualiJied from 
thi-ir iK'Jliicnc? and knoi-.Icdgc of the couniry, fliould prefcribe what, 
,11 \, h it ruiubcr of farjflie.', fhouid be thrown Jtiio a diftritl. Eutj 
:i -^t'a I'fe h:;^ fh7V,n it is poffible to carry this fcherae of 

■iit',,ioraiii*ii loo f,jr, ii: i^ meant to confine the number in rach 
i.-Jlfis:; to lii'cn, t'i^^hr^ nnie, or ten parishes. It ia alfo intended, 
111 I ;.!! cicin.'? x-n<l iTtcrr io^^ns, conliiUug of more pariliiei than one, 
ij. JJ tf; iiituie :: dilirl^t by thcmfotvej ; and it b meant id ejucept 
frf m tliij ati, the nrrropo!;;, incorporated hundrtds, and fuch 
p.Ljijli' j ah are gi'Virrned by l'r:ec!d acts of parliament, unlefi they 
th'i!!; :o be taken imn ti;e fchei'.ic/ 

'i III .Author lUtc:> lIic fucccfi that has alreat^v Attended lh( 

Monthly Catalogue, Ptlict: 2S1 

* Tire fitft, for the relief, regalation, and employment of ihe 
poor, wbich we have httn examiang and dircufljng in the prefenC 

* A fecood (whicfr frtms A neceflary appendage to the firll), for 
r»l1iTi£ the cafuai and contingent fund, nien[ionvd in rhe Hea/ft e/'m 
Milit &c, Thij i» 10 aiife from a tax on doga, and Sunday-loIls \ 
mod, wiih hii Mafelty's permiffion, the forfekurts and penalties dow 
tcvied befbre juAices of peace* with che fii>est amcrtcmcntSf and 
rtcognizanccf taken and laid by juHicei of peace, or in courtj of 
fflise^ gu>I-delivery, or quarter fcQloDS in each county. See the 
Hauls ef a Bill, ice. p. 15, i6, 28. 

* A third, for colle^ing and ^igcl^ing into one Itatute ill fuch 
provifions in the prefent poor law» as are propi'r to be rcEainedi and 
are not included in that Aht biH; fo that inAead of thirty a£ls of 
parliament, the whole fyftem of the regulation for the poor may be 
comprifcd ia the compa^ of two a^s. 

' 'A foarih, is for regulating and reducing the number of ale* 
hoafes, aod to fubHiiute a proper fund 10 iopply ihe dimTnution 
the revenue may thereby fuficr. See the Heetis of a Bi!tt 6lc. p. 20, 

■ A fifth, for the more eafy recovery of fmall debts, and for cor- 
refting and preventing abafcj in inferior coarCA, See Hiais ef a 
Biiit &c, p. 21, 19, 30. 

* A fix[h, to revife and improve' the vagrant aft, 17 Geo- £. 

* If all thefc biTIj are paffed into laws ; if ihe clubs and friendly 
Ibcietiea whrch abound in all pans of the kingdoTTTt particularly in; 
mail ufaftu ring and populou.4 places, are promoicdt and a proper 
encouragement given to their bcntvoleni defigns ; if a juft applica- 
don be made of all pDb)ic and permanent charities, under reguLi- 
tions 10 be eUablJIhed by Parliament, after the re^urnf^ to the Houfo of 
Common* have been completely inveftigaied ; an entire new face 
will be given to the concern of ihe poor. This would no doubt 
give frclh fpirit to that charily and benevolence, for which this king- 
dom has been always confpicuous. Pcrfons who have incllnadon and 
ability to bellow temporary and occafional relief, wiM feet encou- 
ragement to be frequfht and liberal in their cbaHues ; when t^ey 
know, from rhe regulations which will be predT;i-cd by thefe :.fts, 
(hat no impoftors can prefrnt thcmfeNes : they will then fele^ fuch 
©bjefla for iheir charity a& they fliall know, or finil be recommended 
10 them by frietid? in whom ihey confide, as pi^rfohs of fair tha- 
rafter, and rednced to diftrefs by mi^fortun^c*, old a;ic, or infirmi^ 
del. By the addition of fuch cbaniie? to :he pmvifions befofe al- 
luded lOf the poor will be fo com pb:ely provided for* that there 

"will be little or no cccafion for a pnor rate/ 
' We Sincerely wTfh Mr. Gilbert all the gr3til;cAiion that muft at- 
tirnd the fuceefs of hh Ijuduble ^pd ::tJuou^ cndo^i-ours : Leaving tha 
objeftions to whkh his plan nf rcf'ijrm m^^y be liable, and xh^t may 
coofribntc to perfect our fyftfin, to other well-informed pens, — of 
which we have oj^e at hrind. 

Art. t6. Htadt of a Hill for the h.fttr RAi'f an4 Zmphymint vf ihg 
Focr, aud for the Improvement ci" tnc roiicc of luis Cq>wiU'( \ 


Monthly Catalogue^ A/r'tf.' 

Conridentton of the 
B/ T, GiJbert, E^. 

With a Supplement. Submireed to the 

McDibers of both Houfei of PvlJAment. 

fivo, IB. Wilkic. 1787, 

It would cot be eafy 10 pvv iny ibfluA of an ftbHrxat nor ii it 
nece^aryt ■> the whole will undergo ■ public difcuflloq, Thu UII 
rdai«( to die intended mode of uniting pari^ea into dfftnfU ; to the 
forming com TnitLc» 10 fupcfincend the minagement of ihe poor ; 
their rcfpcftive Linci of duly ; propofAU for the AugmenMiioa of the 
funds for the maintenance olLne poor, aad for oihcr objc^; rego- 
liljuni for alchoufes, Scc^ ; Tome of which Vticks, we aji^irehcCMlj 
wili fcarcely meet with a cordial iflent. 

Art. 17* -f Draught of a BlH for tbt Relitf and Empl^auiU, of tht 
P^r. With iniroduiflory Remarks. Wjth a fujnmvy View of 
the Staiuies now in being for the above Purpofc. 3vo. 11. 
ftoblDfon}. 17^7' 

There u fo much good fenfe, upon a moJI ferious fubjcA, in tUi 
anonymous prodti^ion, that wc (hould deem it an nnpu-donahltf 
failure of duty to pafs it over lightly, without recommending it to 
the alien tion of all gunllemen engiigrd in a reform of our poorlawi, 
particularly 10 ihe woilhy framtr of the preceding bill \ who, wt 
hopft is not fo devoLcd to a ndu fyllemt as to perfili in it, IhouTd it 
■ppcar fati&Ci^orJly, that Our frtftnt fyllem requires only to be fen- 
drnrd more efiicicni. 

This ivriier reduces the grievance} we complain of to two eaufet, 
the great mifap plication ofparifb money, in the relief of the poor; 
and the general negle^ of the more important duty of employing 
the able poor- To remedy thefe evils, he obferves, it has been 

MoRTHLir CataIocvm, P»Sei* 


* ir» In tKe rtfumi ordrred Eo Fariiamnt relan're to (Kc poor- 
tit^, on* o( thf iriiclpi rtquirrd hid brrn " <m tn^^rajf a/ iJ^-t J\f~ 
$^r/fwtrmn /tr fin rtUrf a/" rui^flz/Bf /&*•■," \l W0iit<j have given \ •try 
cSedded pro^f fcOA- fur cheenpendimftof ivomiltioni ncd i hnlf cx- 
tvcda tht oriciriAt ictcniioft — pcrhips ic Dia)- furiy bv fct tt thm 
pari) in foUi/ 

He oSTcrTCi, HUh oi>ier wriicr* on poluical ftconnmy. fhii the 
fncTf jiV r>rthc juduftriom pmr \% aq incrnTe of the ri<hr« of > kiog- 
iton ; but he AiGriRi, ihu m increafe ef Ebe impoicni poor, beyond 
ft ccrtitn proporeon, ii m impnlTibility, cvocpt ia ufca of pcfti- 
IcqCijI (Ifkijc. The ix;rtafi cf ibt pnr, ibertforc, of whicli we 
hear fb riLicli, it mere foopd, uui fignfrm nnchhg : she nnty objf^b 

«f <|]R>)i7 Jijnoa^ the poor are thofe who wculd work, but ire 
flct I bit. 

* Ai to wonljr workhoufei/ be »dJi, ' iber fenn very excep- 
tionable iQ in«rtjr vicAi -, for, (hough ihe Icvenl gnJicioni of power 
kicccflary to thetr minigrnteiit m:ty be forme^l tvirh ^reai hirmoajr 
And pvtd^ion, y*l the whole fdijice maj be onrtrufled upon find- 
But vitboui cafcuUdnf^ the probabiUry of their fijlctre by ihc con- 
plKAVrd (calc of uraa^m^ai fuch cfbfaJiihineou mail require; 
vUiuiiiC rtprobatin^ [lie iJt^ of ^oniJimin^ t^c prcfciii pour-raics 
)br 1 conrw of ys^n, with /^ ^^/^ 9mIj that ihejr may onr dty ho 
dunini(bed ; Aii^otii adverting to ihe fitifr ^probability of the duri- 
bon of that «h<rey which ^rit lect ii a- going, or iha imf>o]icyof 
graining fa many pariJikcs of their able poor ta collect ihcm oa one 
ipot ; it 11 fvfliEicni (o be aCaaatoud with the niCLire of pariih bull* 
netk, 10 be convinced of Av prreicloui confrqu'-nco of fuch t 
plan- Let m fadpofc only a poor mati out of votk, with t *if* 
and fanilj'i all aofe to do fomribinot but (ai it too mucb lAe caf« 
atpirTfcnO trufling folcly to hi> indultry for fcfppoft :^itb?r thia 
taiu iau;l have relief licin the cverfeer, for himfelf aiid W/ Jirr 

tif, or ibcy muft go id ihe county workhoure. — To relieve 
'llttm, thrre ia«H be i difcreaonar/ power without doort, » we^J ai 
fvttbia ; dvhich u'Oold be move likely lo double our grievincci than 
to Jeflen tben^ On the other band, to remove tfiecn fwm their 
Jiccic hAbiution to the workhotjfe, wouJd be a fctTniy ttiwc dcfViir* 
|ng the name of civrrclion thiTi relief. Shoiild it he urced, it iifl 
cor/p^ion they dele/ve ; for withoct idlenefi or ioi providence they 

liiw been unh^rtdnaie f t\f any 

vencd into a houlc of coireftion ; and muft alAiyi be cunfidercd aa 
fuefc, trheaever it ii refor^fd lo in cj<fci of icm;>otaty dillrffti. By 
ibe llnple el^nblij^tmcrt of paiiih u-nrkfhopi fnfh prur proj^lc might 
icMert themfchYi ; and bv rfpai/tng to it in the dij^tkine» aad 
vecdTing n^at thcj earned^ tbty wcvM be cnabkd lo rctun; to 
tlie CC-afbits of iljcir ovvti ^K'fjde, and be ai Ubcjty w ccgtg^ in 
I sny other occupaibn th:ii might ofrr/ 

H It fhooM foflovr from ibi> rfAfCdirg, that our ijnrnii rHj»ffliftg 
Hthc poor have ihtir ioattt onty in nn ['management. Qetore ihea 
Hvpc tahiA^e trtc prefcm (ydcm, m favour cf (xpcnllrr, and, not* 
H vilfcftndia£ puiiil ii'iih of a few yraii> Jiacardoui cKpcHmeant 
let a» aiu«l to a wrJte*j who lelU ae, that « * rcvihoaary t& 
Jliv. Apnl, i;V7. ft b ^<^o^ 

lighi have guarded aciinft the day of n^vMity—Hui what if they 
iw been unA^rtdnaie? e\f anv rate thii hoijje of chaiitv ii con- 

ivfiich niAil mJcB the fpint of the ^^d £Jiz. the raam obje^ of all 
11^ provjiiODA, Mvhich fhall adopi only fucti of [he other fUEijErt a* 
hdvc 1 manifdl (cnJcucy Cu the Jaole prindpTu, md AitJi the ifEfl- 
ancc of other rcgLibtJuns (liall digrCl the ivlifjlr inni or>r anifprtE) 
f||lcm, will fuimou.jt evcr^ obJU^lr, and prodirce a wfurm ai once 
fimplr, ccrt3:n, sind iintnPdutcEy brneticijL liut ih^n (uch 3A 4d 
intiiL leave nothing tu the diJifcnc^i mxiiing to the dircreiion, of 
thofc who arc n> c«ctnc it — it most ijthi:uTe iTstif.' 

The draught cf ih« prc^pod'd «£t IoIIuwa, draoin rp arcon^iAg to 
the pTfccding \Arki -. in tvhkit the deviations ffuni ii,« prcfrnf Uw* 
ore (Jiiiinguiihed by bring primed rn n diiffrenr ch^rs^t-r, Tbii we 
do noi mean lo cntvr inLo, further ihaii to obfervc, ihAt ihc DT<f-< 
feet:! Uj each parifli arr made one h>4f uf thetn trvtr/ttn t/ rtiitf, ind 
the othfr \%a]f ^verjiirs of thi *W9rkiwg ^^r^ to fimplif)^ the ohjefli gf 
tkeir :4itep|i'>ii- 


Afi. ifl- yc^* Sprrth of tht Ri^bt Rtn- VrfJ/aor fi/f. on intrcidiicii}2 
th? Pi^n for cOnfofid^itJnir and fimpltfyinjr (tre Ducirs of the Cd' 
toms, before a CommfEtef of ihc Houft of Caaimoni, FeiruAiy 
a6th, 17B7. S^o. 6d. Icwnd^!. 

Thtj advJinUge of iiiTiBlifyifig any inrricate fnbjrO h frt obviou-i 
tliit the bare frOpofil h jnviiing J and the plan fiv fiinpftrying the 
cultoma was lb wc'I e^pUiircd Dj the miTtiffrr, thai, ftrange [o *dd, 
aTl oppofjiioR n'a*i difarmcd. ird even //f/ nropofjl whs un^inmoaRy 
accepted- — The pi]hlil}ief of tMs ^ipecch pfopd"ts, fpeciiil/, w giw 
10 che public the livw B^^k of Ratti. 

AiL> ^Ot Thf trai P^id tfGrair Britain cas^dtreti^ Ev Sir Praruna 



vpon r'Dt minii, ff r«ch a Tn^ qvt« \mr^t Titpd ia our tc%tt\t, thin 
frwtr ip'tiT lA gifn ut IK rc:«rp (b« lott d^tmioBoa of iho fen. A> lA 
hi) Di\<r Utiit 1 looi upon h «i rtc>itkiA|;, ?oiBpar«d i*itti :^ foft of 
otfr EtTAj fapcriAfitx, for i.W Jnfoffc* our ocn«in uid fiKtJ/ 

• DBf trdrtit df »dly fwi/ who Jf« tyiXtUm% Ch^fbargb, Mid wfll 
Iw iMir Jd«> lac []v^^nlcrc* To ukr Lhtn fif fnend> ^ coai<Ief» fti 
ulcM{ pCvfoo. vrkich putt » piri t\c powcf rif c«u«^a. Bui, njijr 
ftoi wmc future iboa^hci dcuu to tcwpci tbt W^nc^k of L^tiic / Let 
111 Will ■ \%\\\t. 

In tke trjun«t, Ji U ifnpcsfthj* 10 »o«d hinitai; bow tfircb htt 
ktfuAiCe it eipofed 10 otjvfUon, tiou^b U ii fc«Tcdx i^rth i4o 
cra^k c/ cktctiidrfljf to mlUrccaof hij^ntrlr^DCO- TowatJi ika 
dole, inlvrsli kr h(vu)iic« i-T!^tUtl Ijv 1 cor I^BipjRijun of hii pn>> 
ftoiTtf, ind d^ljiiiii WV.v jnLcnprovifaEOtr pon, ti « k\tiA of a^nJurcd 
f^roir, ibK " igli: bcr cu; out fur ihtiiHcii ni*. Ote JpccuDcn verba- 
tim n^y r^ftoe. 

' Now ihii, nr conbErynicn, is oar looli ^;L i 

And it ii iiot rhv kin^^'i in tik« dtj^rrr ' 

Hkoifelf and JtU bib foriuff, >n chry roi 

E'C'btrkM with m and '^un .' 

Thr f^n^r*! ^lod »nd iitcsy of <h< whclr, 

Ii ihcitJiirc hi) DO left than i;vr cocicc^n. 

No fei«r«^ of Dui iiHcrclt cin ukci^Uce 

Wjiilr »ch bnforint hn dut^, 

Th^fw^ tttiKb (6[|>««, tfa* c-mI wh'icb bc£>i>tf 

\i fd r^rpt^UvcIy to Ikfni ijid u* | 

Nor CAD wc hiK a wi^ cf any pAblitkiad* 

Cmfultiitlr djiltrid Lrjin ofc difiMhar* 

So intifnuciy cloic are g/e CDVjoUicd^ 1 

'. Thct« poiitis prciK»HJt we iaoi>«t fiul 10 U* 
WUc ficofi abfuf Jily. Ac '.' 

fif- ■- " Uttrrt t^a F^woJ t$ th R^su^^n t*artj^ iiJ t>! aft, 

Advert:lrr> cT'llfr^ted ard fft^wd bv one - : . 1 TO Ifcamc (lie 

•jEhtri- .-And for Eht cAoUff^ctl M ific ^Ki^urT 

An. ti. /* .r'?....j .''f'^i M'fff'^' ffl." -'' ''' >7..,jflr*v»'U';fi ^•- 

fcv ; u. J, -: . - ,-. ^i-o, tj- N-. .:, 

Mr, Strr^fvfofl htf hrft ^drmcH fwfc apf^tT»*iC( i^-*rrrd to provn 
iVf "«i i ' 'I 1 " ''^imr "-M.-H |Fi« biU propoln. Th< Piwpfckf. 
Ikffi abi/>U0f ihc bill, iimfwbtknK^f'i^ Untrt 

ad«i'i^*-l »- -' -HM^M Po1^cC)r.£fqE^ud:ceii loihc CK-* '■-'■''i*"^f ito 
t^xc^rqacr i in vhkh, Mr Stcucrfun hxt anfuticil (.-' liuai 

t^ h%*» ban lt^rtr^* ^- ' ■ + »H«- *>*H, and ihtwt* ni- v *-i-*.u|w 
llMt f^*y srilc frou ■ c pkn hcrcvconmro^td' - '■ • 

"tt: ■ 


0b » 


3Sfr M^ttTHLT CaiaIocuk, MfitUottmu 

irt. Jit 7'h 5/>Mvi Jtlrvtrrd^ tht Or/rt, «■/ '■ iif PrffiafV 4/rtf 

The cbjtfii fcr wkich ibu faktnn afTtmblf vaj convened, am of 
ntW TTioK iffiportiTit and fibrril nanirt | to imj^rrvr ikr revrncfi of 
lh« ItttCi bv corrcttini; ibufci ; by 1 more cavil dif^nbotioD of 
um i u^d iy frfcin^ commerce from vAfioui icLtrainu, tk«i rvAdcr 
ic ialubiunu of cue pm of (he cuuniry Jtr^ntd to ibo/c of tm- 
[hcr. M. 6t Cftlonnc gives a AiiirrUg tc}iielcAuuoa of iW in- 
jimvr^ itice of rbf avuoitti cifcomi!:rn^« in 1 1'lrirty of iitllanm ; 
«nunifratBi the pabhc workf now c^ttytag on 1 0xjtt the dc^c;<«cir* 
«f ihc Anancct i and coQ^Iudc* lAuh the p^ofokd at^Snra for rca- 
4eTiii{ ibccn cfiidcnu 

Bot ihougb ihu &tea< paMic afreailil)> wa» tAtlc^ togctbcr to oirfl 

bind of popular »mdiori to impofuei r^gnhtiom, u ii kinpodbble 

> »tri}z<1 rtm»kin|r th* (fyU ia which the King md hu minilkr 

-jMtk to tbcm. l^hc djtt'crrnc ordcn oF lh« IbK »< n0< driin> tof^^ 

llcT BO confuh on iHc bctl fnc^nt oTpromoiinj tbc public f««]f4rr ; 

bm, ihc buJcncfi bdng slrnJy prrpired jtnd ietUcd in ilic rejal a- 

btoei, (hr King fijr*— '* 1 li:Tvr iflcmbl*^ you to mrrt mf here, if**t 

3 may haf^ri to yoa ivrdefigm.'-^Tbc ^Zi^bi which wiJl br <ommuni- 

c»t«o 10 you oa »/ pan a-rt j^^^ii and imi'ortafit { — vAd u ibc^ aU 

tend to she Dublicgoodt 1 Am in do fnr to confult you »/r« ri«j> «rr* 

•^niifii" Tat concluding words of M. de Colonne uc:.^-" l^t 

ithew fecil ib« maiin ofoot moaarchy. Tffi fh^/^tt^ iht l/w tt 

\-^i trvi \ ih« iniiEim ol hit MajtfUy i«, 7>/ httf^a^t tf ttt /»/» '/ 

'M« fUAf»rt oftht X^itf." Tikc fifll i» lo be undcillood » ^ji*xd'm^ 

niAxlm, tJie lauer it no mOfC thin AnaipUnatory dccl^ACion ofwhu 

(he fn/tKt )kLti^*i plcafarc con^lli in. Hu people then ifv Dsdsr 

the Itrortgeii obh»iion to prjiy thnt he may kttujtt^t^ in bl< plei* 

lure*, tn4 thai Eb reign »ay b« jW^ j at t^ hive kiv //j^jh/ fe- 

Cprky for tht rtyoymtnicf good Uwi andtr tnofenw/zwrVf / 

^«* Since ibc dettrffy of ihc above- mc ft lion ctl fpceth, M^ Jc Ca' 
llonnc hu been rcitiovcid from hit hj^li ofEcc of ConpuoLler Gtoeral 
of thf Kinanirri; bm wr ik rot prrMliy iinflrrlbrd the natu/e of 
|ke cftcece vhicb ht miy htvc giren^ 

An- jj. AV^'/^r'j /i»iir y7>*Jlw, oonfideraWy improTfd, t<. 6d. 
kciftHley. 1787. 
Wc noiktd ibe Grfl odiiioa of tbii compilemcrt in ccr Rcvltwr 
<r Srpfrinbcf 178^, p. ijf. The additions no« nude. codCII of 
'ibe ta^i rtUiive to miAii* aad fcrvanit, e&lcubijoni of wa^ea ui4 
rnu, tit. 

rt. j4. T'ArCnf^'MinVGei'J^fa j/zT'ffr /^ni/^ /*r#a(f. Wiiks 
correa Map. Ac. frc. 121D0. |i- 6d. HaJ/^bowid, Koiivj. 

We gafe am vccouai of the flrft cdliios of thW mmIl is ov jfth 
toiupir. p. ]p. I where we recomveided iiai 1 afefiit, thoagb M>t 
se elqri^r pnb^icitioB^ Thii cdiiion hk» rrccir^d fmral iBprovt- 
vwnii and «adiuo£i» pvuculvl/ H. NecJi<t'» iccoso; cf th^ prs- 




MoTtrHLr Catalogdc, MifitUatumu 357 

it f> nccenUry ■ pccket FaJt mt<vm la thofc who cnv^l 10 France, 
llu» nc ihink iMtne wha nc^ fucli infbrmULOn Ihoul J bf wiiho«i ki 

Art. )f . Titf Cnrir«aB*f C«y>^ » &'j TW /^rdH/^ i/^^. Wiih « 
cofrcA M^pi ^nd Diff<lJOA» tor irit^lling jci tbii C^wnuf. 
iimo. 41- 6J. Hflir-buituiJ. Kc«rilcjF. i^G?' 
* Ic «ifi atiuuHy be alVrd (rj^k thii Wriccr), why we have 
fDore E.r4vc|j Iciio lu^y» whon wf have had rco many atrcMly i The 
•nfwtr 1 QiaJI m,ikc to rha qucAion ia thit : Molt of ouf i/nrclUnf^ 
bcoki bsvc bcc;t cridcnti)' ttiituc with a vie*' lo be rcaJ by the 
£ft-]3dc u home, rather th44] [u accompany a man abrtud,* TIiIa ob- 
/rrvBcion fr«mi vrr^ joil, a&d ibe Auihfir ha* adoptcsl a ccnri^ry 
>n«h^ fr^iin that wEuch, in the above vxfrnct, he ii4i mentioned 
as ihe moJl general tcnon^ v^'J;«r/ i — according;! f^, hit book is not 
' 10 b< Katt by the (i'C'hdc it ^^loic,* but 10 uke in tbe packet 
when irarelliTHj. It u^Buini a ^rcai rariciy of irjormiiicrii for 
tbii porpafe ; atid (c alT who make tbr [jour oi Jul/ wfr reecmmeni 
it aa a Mvy ukful pock«t coApuiIon. 

Arc. j*^. 5ifrr^ B/'^ 7'Mr thr^ug^ S^witttrUnJ. WUh tn •Murseo 
Mip. lamo. ai. HaU-bound- Keardey. irSf. 
' idJ'wrti.^mimt* The follDwinc Tour 11 inttfide>d to nil witbin 
the CoiD|Mr> of ihc geueutilf ; ami it cbic1> irWi:ribcd Tram m 
}o«fnaf wrkicA on ihc Tpoi. U'hoerfr «ould penetruv drejier tntn 
Ebv natara] beiucin, and variety ot ulincaj conltiioiioai M ihii 
Utjc'dUn^ country, inuil confult Mr. Coxc^i Traveli, M. do tuc's 
Letien, M- de SaufTair^ y^jax'i ^tm Ui JUfj, Di^ititjmrt Jt U 
Sit{fi, Jcc' TliU U ioflcnuoui un the pari of our Author, and we 
<onunen4 him for it Hit Sit^uh comei under the firaic defcription 
a& the stboie'inenctcnfd taxi publication), 4V2. the not being a fift- 
l»de book, bnt adapted for tbe tonfhiltition of th« trarrlirr in bb 
chufe i for liiii purpoJc odIk it i> cilenUted, and for ibu it U rerr 
vfeiiil and ncctHarjr, u inrocinia^ the Rtadcr C0Darnin|> tte bcft 
inm, the foadv, the curJoHtJ^t in the diflcrem LOMrn^r ^c. anJ n)ii\y 
oEher (bio^i, which were we ^o cnumeraie, woiild occupy too much 

An. 3T- /tffirmstiva \ or a Plan fof abolithinj; ChriHianity, Hum- 
btf fubaaitted to the Confidcracioo of the Lcgiflature- izmo, la. 
Betkcl, 17^7. 

Lord Qttctf, fprvkingofS^^ft'i trgum/nf jj^itijf aM/j^iKg Chfif. 
tiamtjt p^Uvttt, that * a fmalJ trracrfc. wniien w^ih a Iptiii of 
Biirtb ard frc«domt moA be more e!^cac:oua than lonf- rerm^jni, or 
Jftboriotu lelTons of morality-' Socli iraa, obvicuCy, Swifi'i ricw, 
in writing that exquirne pEe<ce of wit and hdfnour, and'fach It 
plttnty rbai of the AuihAr nf Pffvrmaiio* % who irlU ni^ however, 
di>E M« pfeftfit publiciutin conuini onty * the outljnct of a plan 

ehirHjr for tha a^ood of ch« Aite.* Not that he ii aJto^tether 
vnvindfiil of himfclf ; for he pleefantly addi, ' if, admiring my pc> 
<riot<fp(rirp hii Majefly^A nunilte/A Ihoutd be plealed iofiKJftrm* 
{atfid I Tcry humbry im/rv^rt that I atn to be found at my bookfdler'i 
c*rry day ibcuc ^inof r-Umc), I fltall cenuoly w«i/ tu item fwiih 


?b I 


Ons part of his pUn of rtftrmstit^^ i* to pi^j dowft «11 the 

chiircHcs, jirrd other ufeJrf) pWti (>r ivorfnip, and, «jih tW maUi' 
jUli, 10 crc^ a intjgai^ccnt p»Ucc fof tlic Ki[>g; x bujMirig rrdi^ 
lOBJJtfd*. A A lIic TtiiL-^iiH of ihc biihofis and tl^rgy an- tu be appro- 
priared lo the ufc of The [latp, ihe Aurhor i> * lifflc pofed i** know 
what rve ire to do wiih fhe «/■ ,' Hf hinta jit Bstany Bay \ boI» on 
feccrd thoughts, hrr prcfi^n the idea of f^n^tng Th^rin ' forthwith ra 
America.' ' ^cs.' add) he, ■ Amti-rica li certainly the Hace for 
thrui. There ibcy may be furc nf finc^ing fncflda. parrieiiTarlj' iho 
prc^alfs, whc5 \^1II he wekomej! wirh fl«|*mjlJion*, and rtMivfd 
wiih open arm!!.' A few jrar' ago, ihis would h;ive bwn thotfj^i: 
p fcvcrcfcntencc for the clcfj^ — Ci^Cii vforfc ihun 8o[*:>r Bay ; ^hfrti 

at Irdft. tbcy would r^fn oo rifli of ibc ictlping knifcj or ihc ur* 
birrf I ind feaihcr^baf ;— bui now, ifo^ora tntvnrar T 

Art, 3S, fl^r Ctt/ttry La-^vjfri coni«irlng lafge AbAnfla of fi^ 

reral A£la of ParTiamcnL/ic: ftc By Df. John Tf«fltfr. IliA^ 

3*, Srwcd, Murray. 1786^ 

A uiefdl «iin;>ibikiD for ihofc who arr no? in p{<f!f'^r)n of Bitm*« 
JultKf, thr bt*oks on pir<fh law ; ^r woft* of .1 fimJi^ir fciod- ' \\ 
i* dcGgn<d' £AfA the Autfcor, ' rik jjive perfoiia inforfnaiiota on f^b- 
jc^^a nhlch dtil)' DCLur, ;tiid which they arc frequently ti « kfit 10 
otHjiii.' I'hcrc U tn ample bUtic. which niN arable ihc iaqvirv 
c^ifily to find what he U In fc^rcb (>£. 

An. 39- ?^f TVja/ at fargr, iti fnvrrat Infnrnjfltiont !n the Nariirc 
or 1 ^vo tfWranft. Th« K-in^ *g^^Vt ^^^' Amery, Obf oF iIm 

iXiA lite pottcr cf mtdidne coqM 3ft«r«r>rdi remove i Bed we hiM 
m> doub<, bur ihiil «vcn d<3ih fin fnifiicnily l»cfln xhv <ETcfl of iHe 
TVACUfttiog sn<[ rc/ri;;cr*iin^ cnctKutf Pi^vIilj; been too Ti^ly purlucd. 
in fuch patriA tifa nt puc ctn^ iit (heir dril Ib^n, mn InhtmmKnry 
tpp^Miti^. Fa cifn cf fuch ATpbigait^i ftnd b-here tbr liff oft^ 
|UUrnt 11 io imin^diiMly concernad, wcry eAdeavour in vluciidata 
(he JificdUitt taiih kvhjcn the piadiitoner u pcfpl»cd, ind lo pcioc 
(i«t the diAn^aiJhics au^-i of ibcff difcA'ti. Ij tighlv hudablc; 
ind ftknv ilii eadtavour^ «i ii the caff in ihr prcfc^i Itjirited prr- 
foriBAncCr u wt\^ tv^ciiccd, ihf inrdkal arr rr<rin?i conlldvrahle 
ivpcov«Qeac( cf ivbuh ihe pubUc ac large mutt fiaUly reap ihe 

Aft. 41. ?ltf Gar/Ztvrr'f P^eirt OiBimrrf -, Or t SyEl«mtrie«t Ap- 

r«iilE<imeac vfTfceJi Shrubi, Hirbi, l^bwcra, and Froii^t afrte- 

■bktothcLinnajBMccFtud, »iih iIkH J.iuo iid BngUlh N^mca. 

thsit \}iei, Ptopifixian, CulturCt &c> Br j^n Abercrombie, 

Author of Minus's Glide tfr"! KiEeedrr, jnd cihcr Wo<k», 3 Veil, 

itfDO^ lot- &d> £Mr<l>. J.. Davti, i7t6- 

Mr. Abetcroinbte hu dlftiitd thti umI; ji^m (ovr puti^ **c^ 
tiOvpKbcnded Aadcr i diitia^ dfhAbci. The krU «lphU>ci, which 
It coiDpUtc ID (he Hrft wtumc, urnuiiLi 1 ciologuc uT burdr ircr:< 
jod Av^bi, whieh ire ufnalljr jjUnceid la ■TeTinc, Ekrobbfftei, 
eroiTfrf, 5(C. Th« Aiithoe hu ^ii«ii iIm ffrMvk osffte, i4d duder ir. 
Ke eiitfinfrsiev cbc fercMl tptciCT that bvTonj lo it 1 he ndd4 to th< 
botAnkjJ ai3ftC3, (hefc by ^hich e«ieh Ipeeki 9t.d Ttrterf b kBOe^a 
to £a|rliih s^udmrri ; «ai] fiio j>Aftieul4i' dircftioni far the pfiitc- 
togutd prop)^:injeArti C^rtict, Ihewingi^ «hat famiian* >*i<f foil 
Ik4f arc beft liueed, nieii (he ciei <o uhicb tfaey ilzj be apfJM. 
The coUure of I'rui; creei 11 sl/b irejLc<l in ihu piM. 

ThelcconJ iIphabeiconMiEU tbofc piinis which ii< hirj^ eiough 
ig beu ihcincUiaenctcioToar cliak^itcr, ftnd ^rufu'illj' cmpToyei at 
orvinHrti lor open borden, or for ibe more miccrbt Cettite of (be 

The ibirJ and foortli aJphabetT^ w^ucli c^xitpok the laA voFomCt 
coftUiQ 1^0^ pU/iu mhlch cjiutioi beif oux <)iibAtc i but ife c«iu> 
T4tcd Jn^rccd haufci, iluve?, cr hoE bcdi. 

The work |i rnElrely idupml fttr ^Ivio^ tnfcrmilion ro the pfiAF* 
eal 23krdea«r ; aud roay be coariJercd Oi a ufcful publtciuodt en 
#e<tu«r of i^e varkcy of >;i conunti, ini the perfpUiioui ouuicf ia 

SCHOC t'BooK. 
Art. ^4. -^ fT^ £^f^ C'dMOfi''. Jcif Oi« Uf« of Scb^t. Bf 

A'oSvntyt ScbooJmillcr. Lto^O- l>. 6J. Nc«rc4ltic p/inicd. 
The jeneiel pUa of tlil> work li gi^co Luder the ch'CpC JolWin^ 
bc-adl. i. A DiU^E rijiljTintion ^f alltW piiU uf Tp^rLh. ueJ ib'ir 
A^ieecvfnt uid j^i^^framea: jfJufed (O grimmatkal rolei ; wUh 
nocei, and ptj-fuv^ cxamplei, io A^ich every vonJ ji nrfojved at 
length. II, Additienit reiurks ood obCemuott* cd the fcveral 
fUUiCclut of tbc £ift pv.^ ULiiIi rutft «f compouudc^^ 01 ^W 

B b 4 ^w^% 

MotiTTHLr Catalogue, AW> &c. 

J roper ftrrinjEcmcni of tiot<it In Uat^ctc^t, ttt. Ejcrciifs ^f 6^ 

V^orkt of Ehi» kird hivt Co IncrttM on ut for ynri pA, ihftt li 

ibfmi ilmol wonderful if [bf Auibon mp tiy tdnncis^ ffviii 

[ Xht'ir pvbliciciena. ifjAevcr, if cd«rftMr orcvird, thty ips)^ have 

tlicif ulV, TttC prcfcnt pcrforantncc m^f affiA any peHtM who 

Engiilb liiij^u^gf ; and may >lfo, wc «pprebcQd, be ufirfullj' co> 
.pJojwd by cbofc who vc rtigagcd in Ktt tuftraf^n of youth- 

N O V i t- 
^An*4$* Bffrid^: or fii«rn«t AtnbiElon. A Novel. ByaLidf. 

A very cid ftorr, ind d^ul «« » ' Comiol ftllow.' Onr/tW^^ 
Tv^ ancient in--itdeai. who ulcc delight in brcftkin]^ o^ the mdb- 
ili^ci whicli Jrc cixic&iing In thcij rTcighboufhood, jwd nUiog ai 
thoie itfhkh happen to be matJe ; whc irr in lo^e with evrrj mn 
Ihey (ft, hut tvhn Iprc^d [hrir filken neu in Tiln : 1 kind bin ob* 
Jlifljce fiiber who jcivet h'u ^aij^hter'i fund to the tntn die baSff, 
while ti«r fAiihful ]oT<r ii driven 10 etefpur; ■ giv aa4 fafluontblo 
bulb«|id» who tlCg1o£UjiD«inuble wife, w^ho rulnt btiafclf by pltfi 
and wIm 11 11 Icdgch obliged to quit hi» country on xccobqi €l dcfat» 

Thii put of the |]irr«i]ve n-hicb reerrfenCB the bulband of 
^Ifri^i di returned froqi itr^idj ind h'u viic uniied to aftotbcr vaii, 
CK^aJicncd hy a irpofi of the formeT't dcatii, apptaii tO be boffroircd 
Iroitt fiooihemc'* mpcidy of the K»t*] MHrriigv; aj>d tbe iaddcnt 
i« cenainly fbtncthing xffr&ing In tr. — Bot it i« ike fate of tfait 
Vfittr to mu her lale in cho wiiitig, as ShnlMfp«/» fcji I and the 
incicgtacc oS hex iMgiugc dbfiiMlly iJcliroyi th« ietcreft of th< 

P O K T R T, 
JUt, 44, pialt^ti^ Lv^iam, frwn the Cteek- V©1> III- By Mr^ 
C4rr^ 3to. p. fc»ed. Longmui. 17^. 
Tbt grejLi «aeo4U£cineot whidi Mr. Cuf hath received in cod- 
feijuerte of hit f«(Dier trinlUcioiis of the aniient wi(, hatii iodaced 
liim la pToece<l In the fame work : an<t now, he ^nnfeffci, ho doiA 
vol knou' wh^re he miy ilcp : — per^api (fiys be) noi tilT I b*v^ 
goav throeg^ rvery p^^eof t^uciao, excepciar oalj * fucik reading 
4« ii never rt;a<l ^' urd fuch &j no fobcr nian »il) wrife. lo am far 
remote frojD the piti^i, njen of aIi nrrTc ftimctimn rcrj d*il\i and 
fi-iniriirni'i wtnEPo ptudeoce- To creep i/ter dalnrfa can oaly fens 
to brounb the frnlei ; a^d lo revive ih* imguagr of lioc, U not iha 
~ decent itiempi. 
ir. Cur wflvld by no «!««■! have b!i Rcadcri fappoft tbu ho 

{atb W^ hJs tracinatlod of LDCian a leiioui bufiucf» ; or thai he 
jfh ^gTe^d acjr duty of bii office for fo idle mh copk^jmec^ 
* DmL«»,' f-i*a hr, ' far diff>rrni ficm coiiTfrfng »ith witi hav^ 
been aitneved 10 my tife.^l have iranltated l.ucU* >e' on eveoiog, 
ivhen J wai tiot ia x itmpcr 10 face a graver aeihof, ind wilbcd to 
foget etcry uuircZcoAC ofcimeace of the dajr*' 

A Gtsift 

MoKTHLT CATALO<?Vt, Patif^i, 


divj&o hflvc hetn fti \A\y cciploycdt wiibouC haTii^ had 

Aoion^ a rbintrr of oihrr diiiogut^ of ItU nnre* the fol'owinj 
eeimpore ibc princtpil put or ihc prdVce To4uni?> vik. Mficury, 
Vfli<iii, »n^ Prom<ili<V2.— Thejodjmcato/ t|i« goddffliri- — Menip- 
pn* and Phiivilan i or a CooAjIuiion io ihe Sh*^o.^]opiLci coua- 
ftiEcd.-^ jutitcct in TiJgcdi' —The Piufiw.— The UiAt. 

To iMfF ni^logod vf fatijoinrd tht Addrrfi lo the illtrfnte 
hnytr t>! Booki; ind thr '3V]»infh< of int Gonij frtalbltd ifica 
Utfik vGtfc, by rlie iais Mr. Gilbert Welt. 

Mm J wh^ tivc A rclifli for ih« wit of LocTan nil I be pkiicd with 
Mr. Cirr for faTi^S i^^fn ^^)^ trouble of Jcckin^ for ji ac (^e Rrtl 
liapd: Mid thorcwhawilh tc rtriie that kncwlt^ft ttf the cn^^Jik^^ 
*ill And ihv aCHanc^ of ihii iogvniout, tnd, on w whole, finhFat 
»d *nifn4iod iranlUor, cf £r««t fefvice ; though <h« fchoUr «ifiU 
find liLi}^ in&takfttJO& from Ehc nacfj, wjiicb \n gencrxl ar; unini* 
pofunit itnd io otic or two intUncc* imperunCTii, ^d abtTard: 
the Tnnthtor fcemt to hive mi/tAk«a ihem for llrokti of wit- 
for ovr tccount of Vol, I. fee Rev. vol- llir. p. |6l ; tLo4 of 
vol. U. R«v, voL Itl> p. 67. 

Art. ^5> /Wrd« /Vrr^, ft Satire, ^to. t«- Flexncr- 1787. 

It U noc. to U!. a Kiy cJcnr point wid » the >''<rprrr of (bU fu-* 
rimii Sitijilli but if Mr^ Httllii^sii iJie inttndevl c>t>jeA of hitcui* 
ngc, itir uhtbrtanat^ Goverpor may^ &t EeLlI, <OEii'ok liimrrlf 
wh'i ibnrtiIe<lioo, that of aJi tb« mtrdeedi of whicti b'ocftrt pofliblf 
be occufed, hit wori^' enctny, evfln Mr, fia^k: bimt'eif. <tiJI qoi iiya 
ih«Er /«r' AJ Afr. //. ijp he ever undc vcfcs T^^ b^d i» ib«fc 

Art, 46. ^'j&z fi-tAft-j ^ Raifimtwi : a Poem. By R— t B— a. 
410. 11. CAmbrJdge, printed (or Hodfbir. i;t5, 
A fondftefi lot rural Lcenery, ^^ 1^11 Jife, generiirjr b«fpei!c> an 
■nnbit, though perbipi^n indolont difpoliuoo ; it rmt^ tlfoexeicd 
•bundaacc of p^JtorU inJ roxutntic iikv> but iIJ ihji doci not 
conlUtuta 1 poet. 

I; mil impoflibic to (T*d the vrrfei before nr, vithom reccJled- 
ia| the following wrtJ lEt>o«n coupl«( : 

' Ah t fill/ 1 1 mofc fill/ than my Iherp, 

' Whii:li on the ^ow»jr pliini I oace oid kc«p.* 


Art. 47. Tht Pr»trilS$ii 9/ Prtviititct : la Ode, furcd to the /'4A# 
of Mr. iioivard, 41^, ti. 6d. Codelh trij. 
Did t\Q% the name vf Howard (the prifonvr^ frivndl) CDp(!:cra4tt 
tvtsj thin£ 00 which ii is tlunped, tlii) wild, axi<t very prtuhu p*- 
nevync rustic have dpwci ir^ra ui a fewcricicji o!.lem:ian«;**batt 
it It « ib%U'Bicani coDiphmeiit lo 4a cjrcvlUat man ;— and, a» luch, 
hi ii p^i. 

Art, 48. J C*v£rafMJaiAfj £/iJI/f r§ FtUr P:tJ!ar, £/fi On hia «- 
riouk tubiicj^iDiie, ^10. ii. Turpjn. '7^?*' 
As inferior Toet itncuflf siuufei {'eter Pindir for nj* sb^jfiw 
ivritingt. With e^uiJ rucccfi would romc sraTc divine afufid a 
SOutclKuk'i fU^f ID order 10 p^nch down wc Mcrrj A«>drew. 

MOKTMLV CATAtOOVEj tf>fo!sgy, 

Af I- 49< Rivtnrki ^fau Dr. Fritjfii^'i Si£OBd tttttfi ta rbt jfy^rhJiAiem 

of Sr jfUutti, wnh ?rijoh ttf crMljn BaC\h uAc^i by Lbs Afc^^ 

The Arc^dc^coni ia the LJiiEfci dI' ilij^ pAmphl^> confijffrc Dr- 
rjifllkf '^a:i A« ioTul^cEciit aciu^^onin >' a^d victviiig Jiim in il^it 

ia a cQiitfii vh^rf even vii^tory would si!d rocbin^ v> Mi faoiAi 

• I was w*ll hi\-i]td, i^ytt the ^rchiicAca^t Hut jp fin^ coqiM^ 
wiih Di< PrixOUya I ^a^ ^l liberty u> i/tau/^t mj inj^iieattt ^iUioiit 

ipccjiufroa of (unJiJjnE ignurancc (vhicii in iKoff fuJ^jfi^ U (be moA 
pfomiikrnt fpiiufC in hn ^riiingij, anJ in ciprcjliots at i^Ty reiVnt- 
Aicnt it>C vijuititt inveCbrvt, p«frUd iviib M, hb 1 ihf>u^hLi ua o^vn 
cunfuiauoii Lo unpnjudicci rendcn uf 4i[l dcicriptior.j: to tUa 
learned rc£clci> hy the proof whicb it fjJaillui of like auihoi^s iQ* 
couipcEfQcy in the fubjrcl : to chc uD]»rivd reader, by ihf con- 


ifaving produced A fi;w laftancea re prcve Dr> PfifRl^y'a rVov- 
feitfiiy ib wrue on i'uch rubjeA' ji» f»Ff whliin ihc frcfL-m CchtTO* 
verlj-, our Auihur laya, ' thHe and mnny other glaring iui'.jinco fi/ 
cnfiniftied criilcifm, »pflk atgtiinent, vnd unjufliSibliT art, to cotrr 
th« Ae4kn«r9 and 1'upp^/ ih« want of ireajncnr. \triich muU llnkc 
ever)" orjc who iik*j ;hp tr^obk t'» ^'j* tfrvaih fh^ft ftcQod Jcttcn, 
put mr qujic #1 cafe wuh ffH*pcA lu ttic judgment which the public 
»»'[>uld ^ jpi m form benvrcD my iniiigoniit aoi* me, and canfirm- 

McfiTrttv Catalocci, TUti't^ 3^ 

ipM hi» ne^. TUy liuls coaJMtr, «I1 tbt u^Uf, whtt« ii th« 
icccf or the bylbi-^tn 1 

~lor), to roufc the •ticmiod of litiDking men hi ibii country to 
ViK oM-r>;>i ^A\v oi nligion ihit ii clbblilhed la it 1 aa4 vrptrdAlly 
tn e<tcivint'f ihm of ibe mirrbl'voiit tvndmcy of wnrlMpi^? C'hrift 
*« GoH, m}(*q ChJilliwiiy ^irclijms Alt kaovleiJg* «f aity o<h«c 
iSod ii«n «»«, and ik«i t>i« God atiii Ftihrr of ChdA : twiDj^ coo- 
(Jem, in^r when ilui ii rAc^ed (jind lu»Ardi tliii conEklcublt pro* 
fFcft t( nulling viliblj' ocry diy, Aod it htth mei wiib no ob^ruc* 
tktn fine* <b:« nrtni>n«D<Pnicnt of thti contfov^rfv) f.ot oolf will the 
ffifttK for»t <»f Triniumn wovlfcip br abolilhW, bui my ro'intry- 
Bn<n wH' ihfln iHivk mt i«d my f'jcfldi for whu «*« b^** <occri> 
buiciJ taveaf^i (o gEofioui A j-cTcIoiinii.-'Aiid i tnifl thm k £t«, 
fttU QTf nrda^budiivr 10 (ifor >nil fupfvltitiOfi , And tonfpq<«n(ry lo 
«TI rfcl-^iFli<il rlljbiJLhrnffnti in the ivorM, which *re bijtlr ttpoti, 
and rttinofl* tfc*fn, *i!l be -rtifed by ihe roft«a"ffr<* ot )*ui f«- 
foMbk pktet in b^o^^inj; op the Hnni« oF this controrcrly, which 
will n«, [ una, it cmiii^uillirJ, lilt lit rnj be cfEe^ball/ knfwrr- 
«d. Yncj will rwvfr, ihen, in <hii wy ajtical diuuicn. vii^^ct ihe 
^Iif«iy ii «r thf r#ry gtTr^ and fe«lk^g every nwtptrK of ronr ^\d and 
fUJno4» foftfcr), iadul^ yourUJf bi yAor Mf oovch o/pfvr«rTn«nif 
bur. ic^tfibfr wkk foor bieihr«n, t tit jowiW frt aht ti/rtn.* 

The btood Ciitedrat /wrr vrilf ^ tW llacnch f/irc^^U*** COm« 
wnii on ('if fofc^tilnir piAjg"; while thcctnliing A'»> Cm. will 
b* to^y in cry ocr, " OW for a plocb it thrr wh— > of Babylon'* 
•* p«dp«ciiccitT" 

Jin. ji. J^ J^^'ifS '//^ C/ .in Scjipfnr* Ltngua^f, 

iirao. 6d. lyEf. 

• TIjC nart*[i»d fljlc of the O'l I'^i. uy* thii vriior, ' 11 p«cu- 
\\xt\y Hff! faifc^ to dil^Ity thf tfkdviK*^* pufTEy^ and p^iMkin of 
the cHimlrr isd rrli^inn i>r J'ftJi, ind (h« f><HI«ncu« of hit mKn. 
cicr of ttficSJEg; ni a«]J 1.1 tc ciifcircr the ChrJLiin moiivo to t^ 
p*&ke oi [Hf lY iMid viniu;.' He tb^-</uic(oic:u':fi« that in «bndg< 
DCBI oftbr biflury. rrt^iin^ cHr fCriiiFufc Tul^^om^i^^ ts »;l«pLnl co^ 
cr-tnphfr in n r«Rll cr)anpii6 ifl h^her dtgrre of triefe ^vcfal adm-* 
Ittm thin Aty o:Hff method a^H admu- The ft^trrvor Siindajr 
School* Tfrnii to bvchieHy «Ernd«J 10 in th» fiitU ^abfimiOA. 

Aft. 53* Thaiktt vt sh Pftrrt/i t/ $f<imUx}/m, in a !-«ttet Ad<lnl&d 
to Ici/iitJ, orliiM(>j<> i^al U4tJii Mmillco, of nil Dcnomifti- 
IMni; Hitii n fuucvlu View to the WtitiTjgi of Df. Piicftlejt 
To whicb 11 i^drd. 1 Lctitr 10 Dr. Pticr> on hii bcc Sennoflf. , 
Sto> )'■ B^klmd, 17^7- 

W« K(c ;oki| in a p^ciiiij advertifem^au that ■ thoQfb tha lot-. 
I^iog Mtltr be cMci^y the conf^firicNi of cnc pcriorti the thOM^bli 
it c(^a;i3ns are l^Mlc vf Uitf jIi wjih vho& uiiiced 4^p(obttion they 
a/* bubUflitfd.' r^ccordin^ly iht p^dril rmmhcr ti ufeJ ihfcvj^bo^t. 
The writer aekne^ii^^Afr. ariJ iianfnti, ihe ri;iiJ pio^jief* of So* 
aviAAifnit vhich i« not here titribvied EO the Oi^rjor U^iun^ tnJ 
^bililict of ibc SociftUflff bet to th«if abuAdasE wW, and to 4 '^'4iU 


S t S M O N S. 

■^aV m tbe moA *ble ftod jodjcioD* of (h« orthodox. Tibe bsli of 
ibofe who cfpOdlc ihc oitnoJtJX CAdIV uc charged witli wjqc of cm- 
1&0UT ccwind ih«ir Of»poci«At», ind la iBJiaJicioui iniQiicr <if PatlAg 
■crd drfrrndiag [li« (lB«:^Jrei which thry mitnfaitp 

'i1)C kiccf tlirn c«JjiDa tK« l«irp»d jmd cimiid «ii«id«ri chwhoni 
'It li AJ<ircDicpdr (o AadJ far^bi And defiCAi iJac i»jiir«d tmaCt otgtmvmt 
i^f^«^A_r< by fhcu^of plualf ^i-M ri ;f> aad by vAqi; Aic^ arpi* 

r^nu c<kly [a an fuppurEt u will Hand (be telt oi ratiotiil jnrcfli^A* 
1)011. sWc fridufo arc piiTrd on fcblcriptioat EO iriicki of fu(h» 

LMttadui to promote th? caufv of hfrcfy rMJier Uuo of txvtK. 

X. . Sftci u Ow otfUUr of ikU AxIl written punnhUt ; in <i>maeadfc 

f-|MA ^ n^ic^ «e ibdl bficHir KjQitk, tbii vr? have r<lJ<»ai» if ever, 
i«Ubt publkadixi, wriicen oa wTut itt ufujll)- :crm>l orthodiur 

[pnndpl^*, fi>*«l[<llcu]iii:d4t ihf fkrrri^rkmrrconmvnditrdrby tk« 

lpptt^i^iUu4. Wc hire petmfcd it wUb plci/urc, oitd vrerecott- 
td k wivb CDrdiilhf- 
Th«^d«ion«J leiKf lo Df. Price ccnfurti h\m (mih whn d«* 
^grfvcfju^w w( Irivr ofhen (o d^uvminf) ftv <hc waai of ttnpar- 
■v*^ity in J^Jtioff tW f<*riunittit« of ihr Trmkariankj Skitd u ^ib 
pCkif|E«< hitn wiib iaiccuricr in rcprclcDlin^ ihc peo|]m# opi*iooi of 
If. Vr«;u. TkiB fccfiuas iA«<curaiC)i howciYr, aiofc fritio & r«ry 
ijicrial iypo^jpkit;«l rrruc in ih4t jM^ai^c cf Di. Prkc'i Atra|on» 09 
fwhirt dur Author vumA^vcru. I'bf puTAgr mtJrifcd h, * [( ^ 

3rt<« wiik Jr,aA^/m ]a tilt Jfram^t doiXnoe {» Dr VVam <«)U ») 
a rnait-iOLtt Ddty/ Oar d^uchor jvlUy nmarkt, ' It appem 
<«i)fTty new chjti ^^rpfla/M (Diinuin» a riti.ii-rOLV Dtiicy/ Tba 
padifc in Df. ?rj»'t fc:^oni Htould be read thus : ' Ii agmi wiib 
^'Mi/m Ja atft<.TivG ihr ilnnvn diWMari Jkc/ Thv word nj^a^ 
imgb^^g (uppUe4 Rlikfl !fcfl f«OKtJeJr. OOf Aaibor Ju* pro^mhf 
a^o^ogiicd fof chi: criticirsi, in ^ fS/trifit vhlch came to ov uom 
A fr* J^j'4 iftcr wc A*pi pcfnfcsJ hn fAalphI[^^ 

JV. J?, Oar acGOUDt of Df- Pricc't Scfinoot will Appear in ihc acn 


laAraicd tm iwo Difcoujfo, the bubtfance of wkicb wa* prejcJttd 

htiott aa Afanbly of ProiHlui DiJcatiag MtntAcn at Kscetfr. 

■a ^pc 6, t;KiS. By WUliam Ladiport. S<«. 11. U. Bock* 


11i« Aacbor £in«t oaeortb«co1d, dry^did^jenccorpreachcrt. 
Me etowa wiib hit fubjcfl i and ihc r»bje^ expand) *i hi^puifueiiLi 

Mr* LdUnpofi obfcifCf, in a note, that ihe ten wfakb Mr^ Brr- 
land chofe to preieb froni 31 1 pncedinff aOembly. ■ «fbr«Ji itoc tbe 
Icifi cM»Brmg«mcAl to an? of Oi< ApoltU'i faecelTon 10 imagit^, 
that dwy Ib^uld be guiln- of ibe blood of their heaieri, unlefi ibey 
Kre JifcuCfig in the pulpit crtry ihiri;; which tncy codccWc 10 he 
contained in [be Sciipiufn, .... ^fm ri^iuliu tdviie i;iifn fur 

* J. f. An opiDice vtbich Df, Wicu c&jauLncd in thi luKrput 
of hi* IJt, 

S C R M O H f . 


'ik^ ffrjiStf.'ta if fm^^^. • , . Tilt Apofilc dM pof " fhon trt decUre 

Af wliolf coDoCH of God>" lit voul^ noi kn*p bick any thinq ihic 

wu prv/uiii l>wh 10 Jew ftpj Greek in contmoa. Bdidocb boi 

tkU cmamiLiaiCc ctidenity Imply ihji hf inid« koowa oalj lb mudi 

of wka^ htd br«« fevolcd 10 him 11 he knew would be (iroliubti;* 

^at DO mof* } Thii irti rf»Uy hh condu/t Eowirdi ihe CArlnihiitii, 

WkOA hv ttd whh milk, but nCft nuh llron; oieti, b^caurp (h«)^ 

not «blc to bear ii. They could ao(dr£<it ir. Iciflt-id oi brit^ 

Vdbk 10 ibcm. be foand ii would prove a fburtc of j:'e4£<r *m- 

iy ihin wAi already imoitv ihein. He did not choofc Lo £ii« 

uH fcope ro zhai cunofiz} which inctJret thr ntlnd to (prcBlatr oo 

fub;v£U litikh ftc prdWni v-« can dtfcaiQ only tttrcugb 1 gUVi difklf. 

P«finiE rnc 10 aU, wbedier ihcre kaih not been ico much cohofiiy 

«inoA{ ChritbamB la tvtif a^e-, cither like the Papifl uiih the Jc«r, 

to r/ftrrf aj^9 ; or^ tike the phllolophic Pfvtc^Ani flcd (he Greek. 

Mr. ^rvcljnd h&ib conlidrr«d chii ROW ai 1 ehiUtngr, uid hath 
Mt ia biircpJj ia ihc form of An J^/zxiiTx.- $ee h^ Sermonj in oar 

]L n* DmT^ 4/ ftJimJ'ig/tf tti f^ft^ PwacheJ ai iho ViGliiioii 
of ibe Mojt Rev. John l^rd Arcbbilhop <if Cint«rbur>-, /uif it 
iT96i Bf George tlofne. D.D. Dcjh of CaEitcrbuM. &c. To 
which n fubjotned, a Dirtourfe on iJic Tiiaiiy t^ Uniiy. 4E0. 
It, fid. RtiinfftnnE. A:c, 

JeiiiTruch to be lamented, tha? feh'gioo* controrerfialcAf, on errry 
liif , Arc to npt 10 looli upon ih<ir own fnuFiar C?ncti ai the " faSik 
OTiee dclircicd to ihc fainu,'* nod to " contend for th^aii" to lY iLe 
•* lommon falrjJion" d^p^nded upon (heir bcJng unlrcrfalty re- 
<vivfvl. Hrncf !t 11 that UniNruriA are lb lenloji tn eO^bliihing 
rit* dod/tfieofthe proper HuRianuy ofChrill, and Jltfianthan^, ui 
VHiintaifiing hii propef DitmiEv.— Uur .Author rinka hitn(^\f in the 
latter daiA ; and, iboogh he wjlcly difdaim^ aII ci>ercii-c cneal'ure*, 
confidert Ie bi ibe buAnefi and * bounden daty' of (be (lrr|;y ur rm* 
ploy Ebeir Irxrnitg and abilitiei In defence of tbe Athanafi^n 

Kv*f lince the Jayt n'ben, a« our AoiThOr fayi (how foreonfiA«nt]y 
with hi^VintaJ Uuch 4e fhall not fiaj to cni^uirc)^ At^^fiMj JftU 
^nj;U ^l^imjt tht iLorU a.x^ ^rnrrlSrJ. ihe conufl hai been kepi Up 
n both lidft wich gttM prrirverjnce and Tpirit, Wich wfiar effeA f 
Each pirtj AilJ eomplnim of the oeb« n eorrapwrt of ChriltianitVj 
and appeals to the 0;me avihorir/ to decide (ho difpute : yei the m~ 
pvte leaiatoi umlcndcd. WhaE u tke natural conclufion frum ih;a 
£a£l, boi chat (he whole ouclUon ii (whit our ^uihor ackfiowJed^^ 
onr ^t ofil to be) ' a difpuiaiit^n wiEhotit ideas, in which, alBers 
i<»g, Mdioav iacricaie. afid pirpltiied eotivoveriy, v* tad oar- 
ldt«i-juA (there we were -cneiJLy in ihc dark,' Whv, ih^rr, 
tkovld t^< world be longtr (tovbkd wiih ihe froit^e'i cent? it, when 
ihr cOntenJJajf pa/iin ni^hE fu tMy lurct on ihc grouoJ ef ib«ir 
^ttuWDOO pcieciplri, exjteSkd in the IiiigtJKfe of (he New Trlla* 
Bnaat M(ut if * it nnlt needa be' that iliefe £fp«tft cvntiane, ibe» 
Bl»Mit dslnf^ in whjch ve beartily cofieor with the r«f pliable Ae thee 
Bof ihe'^ Dj&Mtffc, aamctvi in r«omnieDdJns 10 wtttittv em V^V 
^fiiiewj flKit'iCT. . . - - 



' A gr^at book, in this (vay (fays Dr. Home), is iDdee4i^rHtcvil, 
if the point can be fctikd in afoiall one. The fupej-Ruit)' nf naugh'i- 
nefs IbouTd be caiofF; all Aourilb and decl^inflTion, felf-adubtio^t and 
pc-Tfonal altercation* rhetorical amplification anddSgreRIon, every fen- 
tciLce tiot immediately ad rrm, at ufefeffl »nd noxious excrefcrncrg, 
parfd away ; tha: point difco^'ercd on which the dilputecornSt and c!ic 
cppontnt clofely confined to it. Terms fliould be defined, id j levnit 
ambiguity and cvafion ; argumentmnd objc^lon? carefully colleCleJ, 
and method Lca I ]y arranged; ftated and anf^ered with all polSble 
concifcnefs and pcrfpiculiy ; Leaving as Little room, as mr^y be* Tor 
replies and rejoinders; the fad coofequence of which is, not only lofi 
of time and temper to ihe writers, but difgufl to the readers, viho 
grow weary, .nd, dcfi-'airing of being abLe to fix their opiniooj, rcfoWc 
to give thc'^mfelves no fariher Lroable about religion.' 

Jll. Delivered, July 9, 1786, in the Surry Chapel, Blacbfriari* 
Bridge, by the Rev. Mr, Venn, and publilhed, with fomc Vana- 
(EOni and Additions. By an actc;uive Auditor, and hjmble Ad- 
mirer, in hope^ It may plcafe and edify many others^ as it edi&cd 
an^l pLc^Lfed the Editor. Bvo. is. Bew. 

Irom the title of ihis feimon, Tlf good and rightauj Kirngt the 
rtaJcr ni^hl com^IuJc it was fomcwhat of a merely civil and poliu* 
ctA r^:urt : but he w'lW find it very dilTerent. The text \s l/tuaht 
3:x.vii, 1—4- It bcitrs Tumc mark of Mcthodjfm ; witlioui being 
L'.-l!J:::ie of IcErriJjjg. It allb manifefts an earneft zeal for moral iiy 
.-ind .t-^o^ wurk^T n^g'^tlik-r with fome rcpeflions 00 miniRcrs, on the 

rerv:::e of the church of Kn^land, and on thole who diflent frooiL 

•nJ «doaired ia the 0Ottm«»tty of Qui1c<tiit m^ p»felBrtg or4 
|if«Atij«j£ lV« wofftip p«cdiir to i(i«t Soitrtv, i* boih l^allir «n<i 

Atf«,Jt/i>r^(». i^At- WILUAM MATTHEWS,'^ 

*«* W« irr oblifrd lo ^h o/i' Fritw.^. for poiBlTnfF fnit VO ma mid 
!.t«lc* in p>^ jfi nf our Reww fnr No*rab«r h!l, rrrpcA-n^ ihv 
«*(4ck/ ol ihf :»4^ilh kMfUtt Of the Lhglith ociLWfe corrc^pcn^Kf* 

Pfvf. CtlTfUft. 10 the SiockholDi Adi for iT^y* b*i m^/n m wii 
cur»? [Ampinfon of the ttandard SkT.filli f^ni i^iTh thfiR; of ftvcrit 
cih#r fiaiio*it acil, inoo^ ih« rrn, wiifi ib« £nf^li(h fi''Ot ^npifit by 
iinhim fiotn the Koirii :>onMy'» t^indard. He hod* the ^wedift? 
ibot 10 l*? !<(> lh«n (lie rrijtlili, iri rbe ptOpOTltOA of iCcc 10 lot? | 
ftoJ ihc RcTJcwef cf thf AiucIk iJJu<Jrd fd. o«kufatitt| od « fappo- 
firioc ihftt thr inch w,n left iit the dmr proDorticra, nuee ic6 S«e<li1hr 
cebic inctkti eijuil lo ^> laJ a Irj-^tJud ol^ntt \ not iMur, ttttt elu 
$4^il^ toot i» divided ind fubdiviJcd ^ffiwo/jV: f<»i' rli<>uE^ '^^ 'i^*^ 

Sdvdtdi Armii, he ipu;:iucil« JVom Lhi> very ciicuairtince o^ itr 
beiof rDcnrronpJ only in paicicafir Ci(tt^ ihit ttiii divtfion vu jff^ 
in thole c^frt on.y, for f-^iJiiv of computation. l>rv fj^t to-tfrrr 
k, d)« Uf ^V'C^ifh f^it t« covlUniJjr fo divi>ifdi Ai^d ih«iclAr«i 
though iJtc f>o( lUclf tie leCi, the Ixk, oi fr<^/it p^ri of ibn f^vc, m 
freaucr ihi^ chc nu!/i& |ui: cl ci^m jKcnrilmg to the pivfoicitMi* 
■bove fljrrd, fSr 5wrditi inch ri equti ti i,t6K KAglhb. pnd ike 
iamM* concftfiii nearly IJ^i Kngltlhcvbic inch**. Ujr ingrrikiui Ccf* 
rvLj>ci]dcit( La deduce J hen ad^rrrnc fwiircc ((ha wvTgtt ol i iii«M 
of vicer ^rea bjr B^r^Erdtk) nlmi^A (he fimc ctidctujjflB, that the 
iuBite ii t^aal ta acAtly i6o Lp/i>uf cutic tiulic^ We muLl (bc;tfi«e 
ret^utll lortfideri lo eorred the error in page jjt, ani rod i idnw 

ThU ^cntU«ee ttkiititt «e iie nidikfri alic wiiK f<£ud vo Mr. 
I Scfkeelc'i mttuii uni indeed it ippc^i tik«]y. coDJitJuian his prtr- 
H ft^OQt ihlt be n(td mod cummtinU the mMiia* wrt^i^i i Vkbub, iq 

H tb«rc it h Uxx'-t <^ji7c-rcnce in cbetr ftbXoJuit w'jghuf tbe ^wr^iOt 
^L b«ii)|;kf9thaci ihc iorr«{'poRJi»2 dcaoai(iali*>ti»uf oora, in ikc prtK 
^Kptvufta of M to *4> Whcjci^r /r^Mf _aj« n)«aiiotic>i, iHey belong 
1^ un^setficfkAblv to tbii r^cvici ^fwei^bE, fcir ihc ^wcJci bave do fuclh 
jimf^lAiilon in a-)' ^ilFirr, 

fi« ttie aif x% it may l^i;h Sfb»f>; it fl ff;itn tbti BHgnftn e&d' 
Tery frequeclly, lad, ^e bcliere, tn ev«ry inAancc where jritf^ Oft" 
skoc ^Hti&d, ittfi convren tsi c:^il tc^^jft' i ia vhicfa ihc pcvbct iJ 
iHTitkd iDtd |t-J«^-a«BiTf, u^Jcd /nr^/ or Aft/ /V<*'*^'* winner 

tibr b^^ t^io 4 fV'wAvf O? dfsmt ^ uiid li^dmni irtio 37^l■ era. Ifi 
hi* orij>-,iul ihilcrfiai^a, oa jnjb^rA^ niifrv, puMilHed it tbe ^Mock* 
liotni KtXiy he givfi ihe content} of c-ich of the thiun k^c ixAniAUt 
ui lud> uJ d^iioil* oF the Wi ic4 xtiuii'fu uq o^^t ^-c^icS^ 

throughout (he ^ha>U. Ai UU ^eito«ii nation af ijJ/ ^ymrt tpwtM 
to be AppropfiflUil 10 the continoii wri^fer^ we iodine ttia<« ii*^rT<- 
«ircr tBMfj occur, i^ntJical wdftft i> o<acL w« bc5c>r, how- 
CTcr, ihit oat trw^uan Jilve h goad pnfare deceived ct of lW 
IwiTflit of rhli CTTMnoa : for ia« oae. vbo hti nor iku panicijUr 
lObje^ IB vjinv, will n«lor>]]y lrjnfU;« /ivr im/j^-nwiti mto t*f #«■'/; 
v» Tufprit u>o ihM Cher hftt^e Tomctictn ncr«*orpho<'cid mm taco 
fTdfMa (hoagh tiif formci » «>«^tlcTjblj Icfi thui the Uttti : ud 
vhrn S<bc<lc lifvpnfcmrd dihiTihr burnt aide Mnmofphofpbofui 
■t once in agbri mitrai, «od »i t^sfercd by bU inooueor for havUt^ 
llnwn a hkjfe codcIuHoa from ih« c*pen«icei» by oot miktaf* Lhj' 
mfloftincc for ibe Ipicc encllitnJjr o«upied by fach ■•tmniiry oFtbc 
au^riil \ Mr« cinnoi pcifuiiJc Ouifdrc* OiK be itft]lf JhI uf« iny 
iti^rre diui nine atti^ 

Thtttr^i^ht i^ra k*<fn«oFiJifYtnriirnowa<»i^|igiv^ b^ ftfrgm^n^ 
In one cfhu diilcfEaiioiii, 4>J;C ^wedith gnmf, md, |» ano^hrra 
tgo loJe L vfatfoc« the proportion o/ the ivo rpecio of wtJgku 
wkh anoihcr, Ji:id wiih our itci^fab, ia tX\ their denotaiuiioos^ nof 
W CiCiXy kao»n. 

* I* 3cbal«% ttadk DB A/c W« tv«T $nm wcnet;, A«t ldna| dc Udk tiktat* 

•*• We ire firoofed Vfhh W. N'* fHettdty romrainiEctdon, HtJ 
lit oftfrnlly atTen>4f4 lo our feinarki. he coutd not hir* foppoM 
Ibit vr<birg*c) <hr Aitroftom^r Kcyil with • ntgie^ of lft»< w|> 
fir Ehit ttc crcft inHriDtted it. We aic itctou^bly cctivinced ihtt 
be cteeLj:o hU olHce with tfie uimoft auenucin i nor do "C brlkvfl 
thti aty of hit predectdbrj hivr been more ^itigetii. Whu we m^ 
«tnerd, relieJre to the prrdiAion of ihe rnmrt. in oar Review iot 
FeMOtiy Ulk, W&1 mt a leAedioo on Dr. UiDcrtybej bi^ sjtwrr^i 
rrMi^'f, fAOTcniingi chac Englandi the aacivc country of thofeafln^ 
Humeri who AiA detenninrJ the theory of comcti* dvotfld fe« U 
BTtide in iht! Phih/Aphiftit Tntit/Mahai of the RonI 5«eicty cf 
CioKovHr rrferring iti resden to iht deccnninMiom of cbe AcMearf 
■of Scienco at Pakii. 

(•( IVlwdpitiiphlfti, concerntno irhicb, inqoliylp mde. Ii* a 
Iriier hrvinj fbr piEl'm^rk of ihr ^f tfti'igh, *ill doubflrff \x 
itctieed ; Sat they mull wiit their urn, «tth « cialiitmto of other 
pubbcHneitt wbjch^ ibMjti oMfflirtty diiaytJ, mrt not t^frUt^rJ^ 
Wf lhoa[d be h»ppy if tbeJimmof our Joaroft] were »orr ftde^uasff 
r>ihee<<e«( of fru/ pliii^ ihepuienceof autboff, audth« * fiiewb 
.«f tuthore/ wtMld Bor, ihrn* be fii frrqurntly ciercHed. 

f tt Tn lafwer lo f^nnt. »^ errquiret conctnlnj; th«,ch»ri/ler 
ftf A book eeuilcd, " 7^ Rnh^mai P^vr/*— we hAVe t)0 Tneh trtkFe 
In o«r 'iiU 

lU Wc t^-tfoery th« tt i* not ta ojrpowerto «Sil1 £< £. » pi^ 
'«u[i»^y0rT4ga A«Uf ncntJ^Aed to our ^/t«^urr. Ac. Wc alviy* 
iJMOuwod esqaiKrt id Mi. EJAiley in tic 5tmid. 

*«■ Ifr, HPW^^/ oiiHl evruA oor no4 labUlUst rbe Ipirin' 
[{eoce bii Ittiet conveyt. We trr rbtiged to ftini for In* tat 

f H E 

Monthly review. 

For MAY, 1787. 

A>T. I, Th« Life of Dr. S, Joharon, cB^iluied: See oof laft 
• Month*3 Review, Ar t, L 

IN March 1752, Dr. Johnfon felt a fevere ftrokc of afflf^lion^ 
in the death of hia wile. Under the care of Mr. Hawkelivorib, 
njhe was buried at Bromley, and her difconfobiehufbaud wrote 
ft Latin infcription for her tomb, in which he cekbrarcd her 
beauty, . With the tiiigijlarity of his players for litty^ front 
that time to the end of his life, the world ra fuflicirntly ac^ 
quaihEed. ' By her firft hufb^nd, Mrs. Johnfon kic a d:iii^h(er, 
i)c«r AS old as Jr>hnfon. OF her fccond marriage, there was no 
iiTue. With Mrs. Ann Williamt, a perfoo of extraordinary en^ 
dowmenfs, and, though blind, ofanai^ive and chei^riulbrfpotiijon, 
Mrs> Johnfon had eontra^ed a clofe Jniimacy' T frtenJ fbe 
Tccotnmended to her bulband's prolc£tton. Mr^. Wiili^o-.s xi'as 
the daughter of Zaehariah Williams, a p.hyfician in Soutii 
WaleSi To relieve himfeif from folitudc and melancholy rc- 
^Aions, Johnfnn look her home 10 his houfe in Gough-fquare» 
In 1755, Mr. Garrick gave her abent£t, which produced iqoL\ 
In 1766,' flie publilhed a quarto volume of miicclUnies *^ and 
thereby increifed her little ftock to 300/. This and Johafon's 
prote^lion fupportcd her through the reft of her life. 

We are told that Kilty Fi&er left her card at Johnfon'i 
houfe. Thofe vho knew him, wjlt hardly btflle^e Eh^s ftory ; 
Yor what purpofc fhould he fee a woman, whofe perfon was 
;vcnaL \ His Biographer, however^ acquits him of all amoroui 
paffions. He fays that Johnfon wasmyopa, ornear-Jighted, and 
doubii whether he ever had a perception of beauty. If he ever 
felt the icDpreffion, it was from Molly Aflon, who is reprcfcn^ed 
as a ref>ubltcan» and a declaimcr for public liberty. Upon thii 
iady, Johafon made the two following verfrs : 
Liber ut ejft veUmfusfifii^ puUhra Aitaria : 
Ut mantam iibtr^ pukhra Adariay vaU, 
■Which may be thus tranfljttd ; 

Man's bom for freedom. Tyrant, we agree : 
'J'o gain my freedom, I mull fly frajn ince- > 

• Sec Rev. ypl- xxxiv. o* 353. 

37© Sir Jobn HiwltirsV EMim ofDr, John/mU ff'irh^ 

in 175O1 one L>ui!er» of inr^mouB mcoiory, published ill 
** Effay oti Milton's Ui> and Imiiaiion cf ihe Moderni," The 
Biographer tclU U9, that Johnfon alBf^cd thta man, from cnoiivea 
6f ciimiEy to Ihe tnrtnory of Milton : but it apprare, thar whiTs 
Lauder's worfc was in the prcfs, the proof flieeti were fubt&ittfd 
10 the infpeflion of the Ivy lane dab. If Jdhofon approved of 
fbe defign, it was no longer than while he believed it founded ia 
fa^. With the rcll of the ctub he waA in one common 
error. As foon ai Dr. Douglas clpoufed the caufe of truib^ and 
with dbllicj that wtU ever do hjm ^onour« dragged the impoftor 
into open day-light, Johnfon msde ample reparation 10 the 
geniui of MLlton. He convinced Leader thit it would be more 
/or hit mtercfl to tn^te a full confcfTion of hh guilt, than ta 
ftand forth ibe convt^Ld champion of 4 lie; and, for (hi» pur- 
pofe, die«r up iit [he lironged tcffns, a rer4ntalion, which Liu> 
dcrii^ned, and ptjbltthed in quarto, addrflJed ta Or. Dou^laSi 
1751. It is p'irful to be thus obliged t^t vindicate Johnlon 
tgainit the jnlinuaiions of the man, who Eub undtKalten lo bo 
bis Editor, and the guardJSn of hia fame. 

During the iwo yeara In which Juhnfon entrrtatned the Pub-> 
lie vriih his Ramblir^ cbc gteat wojk of the Di^ion«ty wai il^ll 
tirtied on, fometLmcs by rtarf dpgfeet, aivj ccea^onally with 
Vigour. The itiorbid melancholy, of wHirh ht complainrdcailf 
In life, flnd which was probably caufed by that difoider thai 
brought bim 10 the orefeoee of Qi^ecn Annei returned ui>on bin 

Sir John Hawkins'j E£tht p/Dr, JalM/Wi ff^rrtu 371 

{if look opjum in Ivg^ quanliu^f, but Ihr tffcSt bf tl wu 1 re* 
boTitlcn of hii fjculriti. If is frrcncl Cave dird in JitiuMfr 1754. 
Of ibi« Qttn U i« unnccffT^ to hf iny Ihin^, bccAvfe ihe su- 
ibor of hit Viie hn faitJ fu much aoiJ Tu well* It wu « mortiG* 
^00 10 Johnlbfl ihit hji oM Frit-od diJ not Jivc lo f4< the 
Lph of till UboDrj. Dy the rnd of (he ]rc«f In which Cttc 
If Ihe Dj^tocivy wu compI>^tcd, and ih* clofe of iht wotlc 
lent 10 tbc pitCtn Mr- Andrew MitUf fC<civcd ihe coAclufioa 
ol ihU grtxt undertaking wifb innfporu cf joj, which he 
fchougbt proper 10 cxptria ttt the Joliowing noit ; 

" Andrrw Millar irnds hiicnrnptimcnTK lo Mr, Simiiel John* 
Too, with ihe money for the Uft fhevi of copy ol (he Dlitioiurf^ 
kiid thi^lti OdJ tic h«> ilonc vi\ih ii\tn." 

Johnroo nturrNi > fhort ^nd icmF<rat« Anfurtr : 
, ** Simucl jahsifon returns his complifnen(9 to lit- AnJreir 
MilUr, tnd i» very gisd to find, >« h« doti by hn ncce, thU 
Andrew Miltir his th« grace to ihlnk God foe uiy thing." 

In May IJSS* ^^'' SEf < tvofk wis puhlilbetf* Johi^fbn wu 
idefi/oua tfast ii QiouTd sppesr to cone fiom orti who hsd ob- 
tained ar^idemical honnun, snd, ios ihsc parpofe, procured, :ji 
ihe prtc<di(iK Feb, 1755* through the mfin^ cf W\t fr:«rii, Mr* 
'Thotnii W4fton, a diploms for J Mailer's degree fron the 
IJnivcrfiiy ot OxfoH, Garrick| od thit ocolioA» wrote ih« 
Miowing lines; 

'■ Tilkefwarnvh sBritnn. be'lj bnldf y adrince. 
That on* kn^lElh fo'dicr will beil ipn of Vnaee t 
WouTd Iff ahcr thz botll from the fwcrd to the pen. 
Our 0JJ1 Are Attl fffiLeri Jtill gicster out incti : 
fn ihv d«p minei cf ftience [houjfi Frenchai-n may lai!, 
Ctn ihHrlUepgTh be cortipir'd fyL^sikt, Neurfop, and Boyl*^ 
1^1 i^em tslly tatdt heioci, fend fofih ill Lheir powVi, 
Their verlc-men and profe-mcn ; ibea mifeh them alth oorai 
fhtk Sbokcfpcarc >nJ Mil.oa. iike Goii io ibe £ght« 
Htv* put (hirir whfkle drjifni And rpic lo Aighlj 
la fiurei, epiftlei, and wd«, n^uld they "pf^ 
Their nunbcri rtireai bHore Drfdco sad Pope j 
Aod johofont wel!-»m'd, Jilce a here of jcfc* 
His bw( forty French •. snd will bci: ttriy bsotCh" 
'trOfd Chr(*rjfrM wfoic (WO r^*y<t In lh< ptptrt eiHed l\€ 
Wofld, in s Itrsin cf eompEiincnt to the author* Jt>h.-ifoft 
irnnd ihis eivkl-itv with dtbda>n : hii obfervaiion 10 Gi^rr^t 
ind otbcrSf i^«*i " I Hmvc failed a fong and difficult rojsK fOvAd 
Ibe world of ihc Enjjlifh 1inj»uaE;e, and dor^s he noi% lend ouc 
his eoCrii-boii 10 lew me inrn hmour ?'' Sir Thoef^as Rubinfon 
[ci^nunjnly tailed l»ogS:r Thomai) coiearoured Eo bring about 
mfMoocilistJon, He wn c^mmiflionei to spgjog £e fi>r Lord 
CbcHcrfield. and 10 ;n>ko a leader of fuEure fnetidfhip and pa<- 

r * The oaabcrcflha Irtnc^ Academy cin^k^t<i. i&UvCkltt^^^^ 

Sir John KawklnsV Efiiihn afPr, Jehrtfan'r JFfrit. 

(fonage, SirThomaa added, that he himfplf^ wffc he \n greiH 
afflui^ncc, would fettle an annujy of 500A " Sir," Tud John- 
fan, '' were tht firft peer in the Itingdom (o makr qic fuch an 
cfFcr, I would fheiv him the way ilown (tair?^/' 

Thus we fee Johnfon proud cf himfrlft :ind fitrce wtlh 1 
fpirit of indepehdenfc. He rcc&ivMl, about thin lijno, a pnlite 
ovcriurc of fricnd&ip from Mr. Dodirgioi*, aflctw*fdl L'^fd 
Melcombr. tt does not appear chat this inviuiior tvi^ acccprcd '- 
his pii^ic led him to fhun the It may be fuppofcd tbit 
for ail this ferocity there was fomefouxiif^tion in hii firanrft, md 
fiitC'jhisDi^ionary was finiflicd, ihatmoncx wa»toflrjwinvjr-oo 
him. The reverfe was the eafe. For his fubfiftencej dujiog 
the progrcfs of the work, he had received more ihiii his con- 
tfai^, which was ls?5^' His receipts were produced at a ta»efn* 
dinner given by ihc bookfcilers, and Johnfon had nothing Itft 
tut the growing fame of his woik. The auihor of a book 
called Lixifbanei *, endeavoured to bUft hii hurels, but in vain: 
the world applauded, ard Johnilja rcver replied. Hrs min^t 
InJeeJj 4lrain«d and overlaboured, called for an inter**! of rt* 
laxacioi. He could not, however, afford to be alrogcrber idle. 
Indi:iEence wjs natural to him, but his necrlTitics requireJ fomc 
exertion of hii talents. In or »bout I756, he cngjg'd in a pub' 
iicjcifjii catli-d ihe Vilitor; and In ihr fubfequent yrar hr hrcame 
a Reviewer in the Literary Magazinct publifhed by Mr. New* 

Sir Jobn Hawktni'i EJhm »/Dr. JohnfitCs IfMtu 37 j 

The diop-houfe club in Tvy-Iane was diffolverf ; fomc of tim 
mem bert were cil led to different pim of the world, and Sir Jobn 
Hiwkini found it convenient to fpcnd hift evenings at home^ 

Jofanfpn, however, furvivcd tbis calamity, ' HJa Hock of 
money arifiog from the DiSk'iomry being exhaufled, he quieted 
hit houfe in Gough-fquarc, and took chamber! fooiewhcre in Iho 
Temple, and afterwards in Gray's Inn. ^ Mr», Williami went 
into lodgings. The bookfellers had been for fome time pro* 
jewing a new edition of Shakefpeare, and Johnfon's name they 
ihoughi would give celebrity to the work. He clofed with their 
propofaU, and fubfcriptlon tickets were iflucd out. For under* 
taking this work, money, he confciTedf was the inciting motive; 
thir, and not the deiire of fame, he ufed freely to declare, wai 
the mofi cogent reafon for taking a pen in hand. His frienda 
exerted themfelves to promote the fubfcripiion, and, in the mean 
time, he engaged, under the aufpicea of Mr. Newbery, in a new 
work, called the Idler, which was publifbcd in the Univeif^l 
Ciironicie, a paper fet on foot by Mr. Newbery, who was a 
man of a puije^ing head, good tafte, and great indul^ry. The 
Idler began on the 15th of April 1758, and clofed on ihc 15 th of 
April 1760. The profiisof this work, and the fubrcripuons taken 
in for the edition of Shakefpeare, together uiih fomc fcrmons 
for lazy clergymen at a guinea each, were the means by which 
he fupported himfelf, till May or Jiine 1762, when he Wdi at 
length delivered from his diHrefs, by a pcnfion of 300/. ptr 
tmnuTHy extended to him by the royal bounty. 

In 1759, was pubiifbed RaiTelas, Prince of Abyflinia, » The 
flory current at the time, wa9, that Johnfon wanted lo fer out 
on a journey to Lichfield, in order to pay the lift ofEces of Altai 
duty 10 his mother, who, at the age of ninety, wai then very 
near her difoJuiion, For this purpofe, money was necefl'aiy. 
The laic Mr. Dodfley was a man, wfiofe heart at all times melted 
at diftrefs, and the prefcnc occafion awakened ftnfations of the 
tendered kind. He f^cd 10 the relief of a man, whom he ioved 
and honoured, and either gave 100^. for the book [if it waa 
then writien), or advanced [he munty on the promifc of a work 
that fbould be deemed equivalent. With this fupply, the aftcc- 
iLonaie fon fet out for LichfieJd, but did not arrivi- in time to 
bid the lad adieu, and 'clofe the eye of a parent whom he loved. 
He attended the funeral, and returned to London. RdfTrtas^ it if 
faid, was then wntcen, and Mr. Dotifley ihuugh; himfcH amply 
repaid, I'his hiflury of the affair, we hope js true, for it doea 
honour both to the Bookfeller and the Author^ The Biographer'* 
account of Mr. Baretii's being employed to hawk it among the 
bookfirliers for the moft money, is related upon no better author 
rity thin that of hearfay. The charadUr of this work, as ex- 
prtiTcd by Sir John Hawkins, U curious m iia kind: ^ Con- 

c c 1 ^^«^.^; 

iiilcrcd^* he fzyst ' is a rpccioica of our FiLiiguage, \i b fc«rc«]| 
to be pai^ltrkd.' His reafoa u thii, * ii ii wriitrn in t ft)rle r^ 
iincd CO a degree of immacuUtc purity^ and Jf^^rjf |^i£^ 
/^ri^ of turgid th^atnci.'- U ihis prarfe, or if iccvnrurcl 

The little incident that happened wUb Fo^tc oiigbt He pkibd 
ovrr in fil^ncr, bui fmcc il is biought fufward^ jt Tiiiy be pi^opcf 
to p]4cc it in its irtjc light. A I't^c i>umt>crf>rfrieodi, foch u 

JohriTan, Mr, Burkc, Dr. Jofcph Wurton, Mi. Thomu lV«r* 
ton, Mr. Murphy, and orhert, dintd H Garrick't, It Chrrft- 
jn^i \jto. Fooic wris thcc in Diil^ltn- It w«i fud it lAbJf, 
that (he Qiodrfn Ariflophan« (^i Fooie «ai then railed) hid 
bctn horfc'-wbippcd by an apothccarr* for taking him oif «e>^ 
the flagf , Thf ifpon occjfi/ined onuch convcifaEion. ** Due t 
wonder," faid Garrick, " (hat any onan wou!«t ffaew fo QiiKll 
refcn[m*;nr to Foott : be has a licence oi a paicnt /or fuch libcr* 
tirE : nrjbodr ever thought it vi^ortb his u^hU to quirrsi with bicn 
in Londan."^Aad 1 aoi glad^ (aid Johjifon, lu finU that the tnai^ 
ifi rifing in the world. The anecdote wai, ifrcrwar^f. to)d td 
FooEc, who, in Kturr, gave out that be would io % (bare lifM; 
produce (he Cillban of liicratuic on tbe fbgc. B^ng ^nforncd 
cf this defign, Jghnfon fciit word to Koo^c, thav, the tbcJtrc 
bring mtcnded f^r the rcformaiion cif vi^r^ be would go Irom tbc 
Ibexes on i^e IfA^"* jind corfc^ hicn before the audience- Food 
abandoned the dc-Hgn. No ill-will cnfuc^. Johnfon ufcd t<( 
fav, that for brodd-faced mirth, Foote bad not hifl equal. 




THc rtfult vp4^ he Mok 1 Oiort time to conlii^cr of if: he 
drfirtiJ thu Mr. Murphy ind hr might (fine ir Ihc Mitrr uvrrn 
on the folhvin^ d*y. The piriic* n«E n the sppoidicd hour, 
T*lie itiitccr Wii ful!y difcuifiiJ, »nd fdJed iu Jihrfon'* Jic- 
lii^o<«)e(lging bLicfdf htj^hly honoured by hn M>jcf^r'e IiIkuI 
oflrr. Ii WA* ihen lineJ th^c he w>n to be JrcArd the rext 
'day at eltren o'clock^ when 1 carriage woulJ be vtkdy to 
-cimvcv hioi to I houfe at the weft cud of the town, whetc 
Mr. Wcdderbiirn would n^te^ htm. In vt^rt to proceed ta 
ihc EafI of Butt. Oo the next dij, Mr. Murphy wai lA 
the Templr l^ne foot* afirr nine: be not Ji>hnrofi up, and 
dfcUed in du? time, and fjw hiTi fei off it eleven. Ot the 
coiivtrfjiiiun bciwrcn Loid Bjie ird Johnfon the fu^ffajicc 
wai thii: Tbr prnlion wa» xiocilte'^ 1 Jt^hnfon exprtlTfd hit TenTe 
of the roy«3 munifc^nce^ 4nd thought himfelf the more bvghl/ 
tioiiouredy at the oil«r wai not made tr> Mm far having dJrpvd 
bli pen la /a^ion. No, Sit* fi>d Lord BuCCi ic i^ :>cit offered 
to you for havingdipped your pFn in fifiion, nor «jtb a df&'B 
XbalfOai cvrrfhould. Si: J'^hn Havkmi Uyi^ (hat, after tbia 
intervirw, Jnhnrnn WiiL rifcrn prrlfE-d to WJit on I.otd Htttr, but 
he never knociced at hii door. Of J r^tifiFoir^ iniJmiita there are 
many living; to \eh;>rn lhi« It entirely rirw. Crrti'ra it la, be 
«raa never heard 10 uiCcr a 4lUe(ptSlliA word of that nobltman* 
Mr». Pioxii hji reUced a difpute vfirhthcUie Pr. Rofe of Chif- 
vick, about thr Scofch and EngSifb wriiett- t>t. Rofc coo- 
tended for the prc^cmNiercc cf t>ii couDK/men ; ind Fcrgufoa'a 
boofc upon Civjt Soriety^ tc ralJ, would give the Jaurrf to the 
auihori of North Britain- *' Ala* f what can he do upon iluc 
fcibjcdt ? Anftoile, Polybiuv^ G'oiivt, Puflendorr, and fiurU- 
roiqui have been before him." He will treat it, fatd Dr. Rofe, in « 
new manner, — ** A new manner f — Buclcirgcc bad no hind i^ 
And he wtoEe hia nin^c wiih hit toe<, for half a crown a lime, ac 
Chiiira|7-ci(>fi : ttiil Wia 4 tiew maiiucr of wrilirig T* Mit* 
Pi^^xi Fat otniited the reply. If ihai will not fjt'ify you, faid 
Dr. Rote, 1 MJtl n^me a nfficer, whom vou muft allow to be 
the heft in thekiagdom— " Who li that j"— The Earl nfBute. 
Vrhcn he WToce an ofdcf for your penfion. There, Sir, rcplxd 
Johnfon, you hjve me In the toil : to Lord Bute 1 mud jilfuw 
whatever pr^fe you eliiiQ f« bia.-r-lja^fatttttdt w» oo part of 
Johnfon't chitfa^er. 

We have now travelled through thai part *»f Dr» Tohnlon'fi 
life, which w^& a ;^rp<:iuil fl:u<-i;lc with iliiEruUio. In tbc 
whole of thit tjme, wc have no account of any a^ of grnerofitj 
«JT bc[>croIciicc on Lhe part ui tiii fncnds* Giftick wiu in 4 
lucrative prokfliOHt that yitMcd ann^lTy a eonfidcrable acquit 
flion of weariFi, We knew from ibe chara^r 0/ ProTpcrOt ^A 
tt^ RanblcT^ No. ico (nplaintd by Mca. FJoxx^V vX^^Q^'i-* 


376 Sff- John Hiwkm&'i E£Am ^Dr.Jtki^rJFirh: 

rict exhibited hia growing wcillb tut bit ryrnttnn with 
tdtbn : but wc hope that he Ibaiecimet opeoed hi* beart^ doC 
contffic to tintalixc an old fricod witfa tli6 ntic dilpUjof hm 
riche;:. If jn^ obligation of thb &>ture ever to^ ploc^t 1' ^'b 
j:ot vet tranrptrcd. Being from the jcir 1762 ID poficAoo df % 
ccnain income^ Johofon begin to rclsm froo that enrtioa Co 
which h^a mind had been often compelled. Hit friend Levet^ 
his piiyfician In ordinary, paid hit d«il^ vffitf withaSJuitjl 
aucndcd at all hours, made tea til the morning, tsllccd wbtt M 
hid lo fay, and did not expert an anfwer i or if occafion re» 
quircJ it^ was muLc, cfficiouVt and ever complying. Mri. Wil- 
lr>i:n^ cntertajjicd her friend and benefador with more enlarged 
co[]veiratiun. Johnfun bad left hla chambers in Temple Lane, 
snJ wj£ now }n a hoafc in Jobnfon'a Court, Fleet-ftrect. Then 
ht (ax. every mofning receiving vijitt, hearing the topics of the 
t!dy, and indolently trifling away the time. ChemiAry sf- 
fijrdwd fome amufL-mcnt. In Gough Square he had in apparami 
fur (he purpofc, sjid the Tame, with perbapi a few additionii 
w^s nuw iixed up in hi? houfe. In the futnQicr of 1783, wbeo 
a psrajyctc Arcke ^ift^ded bia utterance, Mr, Murphy, we m 
told, found him reading Dr, Watfon's SfTaya on Chemiftry. 
ArticuJaring wiih difficulty^ This ia a book, faidhc, from which 
he who knows noihfng may learn a great deal ; and he' who 
l:n >w^t wlU be plcafcd to fee his knowledge recalled to fiii mand 
in ^ oi^nacr hl^hlv plcoling. For this )ovc of natuial 

Sir John Hxwkln»'i EJhion 9/ Dn Jshnfin's ff'trii* 377 

iflg terms : be voultJ fayt *' Punch has no fcelinga :" be waa 
ready co vindicate Garrjck wbeticver his name wzs brought Ja 
quellion, and he would let nobpdy abufe hJm but hitnrdf. He 
lamented Garrlck s death, and dcHred jc might be figniHed to 
Mrs, Gairjck, that, if fhe afkcd it of him, he would undertake 
to write his life. 

In this courfc of indolence and occaflonal amufcment, Johnfon 
leE his mind lie fallow for two or three years. Shakcfpeare flood 
AlH, and, indeed, the intended edition was never a favourite em- 
ploycncnr. He was aC length toufed from his lethargy. In m 
poem of Churchill's he faw himfelf abufed for breaking faith 
with the Public; and, in the fame produi^lion^ charged with 
credulity m the affair of the Cock Lane ghoR^ which hap- 
pened in 1762. True it ii, Johnfon would have been glad to 
.fee a traveller from chat undLfcovered country, over which, like 
the reft of mankind, he faw nothing but clouds and dafknefs. 
For this wealcnef?, Churchill ridiculed him: Johnfon made no 
reply, and, indeed, had no octafion. He faw the fraud, and 
publjfhcd * an account of it. To acquit himfelf to bis fubfcrib* 
erfi, he returned to Shakefpcare, and unwillingly went to work 
with vigour. In 1765, the edition was publiibcd. Sit Joba 
Hawkins thinks it a meagre work ; be complains of the paucity 
of notes i of Johnfon's want of indutlry, and, indeed, unfitnefi 
for the office of a fehollaft. He is, further, of opinion, that^ 
becaufj Ibe preface fcts forth, in the ftrongeft colourings of lan- 
guage, is well the beauties of tiiat extraordinary genius, ai the 
defc£ls, th:ic Johnfon dctraded from the merit of his author. 
This is not the place to examine the opiniops of Sir Joha 
liawkins : our bufincfs at prefenc is with Johnfon. The Uni- 
verJlLy of Dublin, as it fhould feem, entertained a better idea of 
Juhnfon and his abilities. That learned bddy prefeoted him 
vttb a diploma, drawn up in very honourable terms, by which 
he was created a Doctor of Laws, Oxford afterwards fol- 
lowed this example, and till then, Jahnfon never aJTumed the 
jiame of Doi^or. 

In addirjon to the penfion fettled upon him in 1767, Johnfoa 
had now gamed another refource, which contributed perhaps 
more than any thing clfc to exempt him from thtfelidtudes eflifit 
In 1 764, he had been inrroduced to the late Mr. Thrale and hia 
family. From Mrs. I'hrale's agreeable book we leaui, that Mr. 
Murphy, who had been long the friend and confidential inti* 
mate tji Mr, Thrale, peifuadcd him to wifh for Johnfon's con- 
verfation, extolling it in the highetl terms. The pretence for 
inviting him to that family was to give him an opportunity of 
feeing Woodhoufe the flioe maker, whofc vcrfes were, at that time^ 

* In the Gentlemto's Mi£> for Feb. 1762. 

m general topic. Mi- Murphf brocrfht Johnro;i to meet Hm, 
»rd thrrtughibejHI<H"theiiTrTtmtiejbo<h JiotdaiMf. Turale'i 
tvcry Thiirrday. Id the autumft of that j«r, Jdhn^oa fol- 
loijvril the Xhrslea to BrightbclmftDHri bot not nntJing ibrm 
tfafTF, WTOt* <n iopT *«lcr- The quarret wti focn iT»»dc vp, 
and Mr. Muiphy btougSl Jahofon bick lo ihc f^niily. la i ;66 

John(ou'% h»lth tKiK rxce«ffin^Iy bs<t The Thra]«i vifitvd 
im : be WM brggfng (hr priycrs of Dr. Dclap, thit God «oo1d 
ecntlnof to htm The uf« of hif undcrftandm^ . He thouc-ht him- 
fclf \t% a ftftce of lofanuT* The Thraks look him awif 10 iheic 
tenure Jt Stmtham, and, no doubr, by tbeir car^, prolonged h)« 
life. He corcinued from ihu cfiDC a conflanC irfidcnt in Itic f*- 
mily. Hf went lo rown tccafiunaU^ to the club io GtsH- 
flrtel, but hi* held quarifn were ftxcd at Siredlham, SJr Jofaa 
Hawkins Teem* to pJEr his Hiuaiion* Hu words irc^ * Tbe 
Ab^gacion they fubjectfd him to wa£ Lh;it of fupportiog^ hit cha* 
laftcr, «nd furnifhm^ fucb convcrlaiioo, » uvia expe^Vd from ■ 
inin who hnJ diUinguifhed bimrdf by his learnings bif wh^ ifid 
hia elcH)ueiice.' Who totd him that Johofcn »« ihui put un- 
tfi contrr^iitioa f To f^lk In hii belV manner wsie a laup whlcti 
he Jmpaftd upon himfcU ar all trrrta, an«l in aH pUccs. But hi* 
liarcSfliJp, h fccmBf was ftiH greaiff : * Like other mtn, fc« bid 
his fonkbroif* imerva)^, and mf^hTt in the hour of teplcnon, with 
for the indulgence of bcrng filcni* or, at Icaft, of talking lite 
oth^r men/ The Biounpher, ji jt probable, ukes a mo vdoqaI 



The Auikor nojcittf anrwerrd. <>iil ht ihcoght Kp haJ vrrjit» 
tfaou^h : *' And lu Ht-mlJ J ttJD|" Kj>Ji«ii lAc (Cio^, '■ if ^ oo 

In 1770, lie bninir « puliticil vmi«t» Tlir iune of djfooii* 
l^nt cbic Maftc^ iltroug^dc xkt nition, oq ike expaJfion of 
Mf. Wilkei, uid (he Ana! dcKribiniiicn of ibc Hou^o^Cof»- 
inoiH, thftC Mr. Lvitf^l wa< iv\tf r\e&t^ by 396 vr>m t|[ft~rnA 
J I4J. fp**^ ' (cn«rtl Abfn^, Mr, I bfak w*\ dcfircif to con* 
^ud Jobnlbn eo an in^rrvipw with the Mini^r, The cnnfe* 
quc0ce WAf, ih^t in 1770 he put>ljibrd the FalJc Alarm. Whit- 
ever tti*/ be- iht logic or elnqtitncc i>f ihc paoipliUr, (be Houlc 
oF CoffOMMi b» liRct eraM ihe rcfoluiion troon ihc JournaU, 

Id Mflfch 1771 iiTocd (otih ancclicr ir^d. TU? lubjcA w« 
F«lkt4Qd Ifl«aitf flod theijiiigo of iht pi«pbl«i WM to lh*w 
the tmpri^pf iri^ of gving to war for t mafi of iflinJi 106 b^okctt 
Unit, of ^nxh tlit foil wn r^oifaing but a boi;, with no be(t«r 
profpcA thin that nf bftrrcn mouAuinr, brtien bj riofms tU 
fno4t pcrpvcuil. For ihii work ir » ippjicnt ibii ouictii!* 
trtrc ^miOud by djrc^^ion of tbc niniAcr. 

Ar the ap;>r(Mch of 1 grnfral dedlonr in f774, * fWul^ tnSt, 
Called T^ t^airitf^ W4t publlfhtd, not viib ^ny vifiMe ipplrcA- 
iTon lu P'if. Willtc). but rij tr»ch the pmple Co fvjeit the lea^rf 
oi OppcHtion, who called ibtemtlvce pairiiiu- 

lo I77St J'rhnrun unJtiiook a pamphici of iroic irrpr?rUnce« 
Thii w** *faxjvt9V n» Tyr^ij^ in infwer CO th* ftrlolunont %nd 
Addfcf» of t'^c AirieiKAij CvD^rcra. Tbc (cope of the ergunient 
Wit, tbav diftjnr colontrt, which bad to tbeir aflcmbUtt 4 iefiil^a- 
ture of their owa, wen, DMwithfiaiidLnj:* liiblc to be Uiped ia « 
Jlnt-Ai Pifliunrni, whric ihcy bad rieJiher perff in one Koufc^ 
fior fepttfcntauves m the oth«r. The principif, which wm itn* 
CBCiliirety ani} vrfprouflv combaled in our Rrbicw, hai been lon^ 
abAndoncd : t>ut Jahnfon «r>» of opinion ibM thu €OWtry wa« 
flron^ enough 10 enforce Dbedicncc. *' Wbenf"* fip tte, ^* «| 
EoguJibiQan i« iqH ikui ibe AoncrieinA llioor ep like a Hydrt* 
te HCtftiily confi^cn how the Hydra was dcflroyed." Tbc 
fc*ent has fhewn ho;v moch hc^ wat mittilcen. 

The lour lu thr Hf brjilcf^ or VVitUm Ilhn^s of Scotland, i« 
COm;jany wIt^ Mr. BofiveK, laok plicc in J773- Jiihfifon'i 
»eeo'jni hai b^en virJouHy p 4jfcd, tod itiufod* l>ince h:i deacb, 
Mf- Bofwcll h;4i rniert^iocd ut with 1 mtnoir hfflury of hia fel- 
low cratclltr, in a ttytt that Ibewi* be potfdier, in tn eminent 
degfect (he fitill to ^t coiifw^un to mrccllAncoua matcf r» and 
viv^icity to lie wbole of bif lurrative; two rue qualUiet in a 
^«>j|£r4plicr I 

Of the (k-vm tbit fef meij 10 be Et^fhr'^nr abntiE the ponni of 
piuflt link nc«<Ji to b< ftrd, 'l^fi^c wcrfc, it ii wdi kf>own, 
ytt ffcfcuccd u> the putilic ai a naiUlitioii ffoci to Erfe\ 


380 Sh John Hiwkini'i Eifiiien cfDr. J^^'t B^nh^ 

and that it was no better than 4 faud. Dr. JohnfaTi d«cl«fcd bii 
opinion, wilhaut rcfcrvc. Vf ihcrc wu ■ in«Duti:ript, in wbat 
a^e was il written, aid whrre is il P H it «*« collciflcif rron 
aril rcciution in Jiffcrcnt pjns of tbc HighJaruI}, who put ic H 
l-^gciher in its pfffcnt form? Thefe >nd fuch Ilk© obfenrjuaat " 
pruvokcii the rcfcntment of Mr- M-acpht^foo: he feof a ibffsi* 
ening Ifticr to t^e author, and J'>hnlbn inftfcrrd hicn in tho 
rou^h phrifc of Aern dctiance. Tfie two faciocff IfOWLtcd ac B 
dill-Liife, but (levcr cjmc to A^ion. Ml 

Thr few remiinitig oecuirenccv may be eafiV ififpatchal* « 
Th;: Uitrvcriiif of Oxfotc't in 1775* crraccd Johnfon a Do^or 
tii l.jwft, and fnoa after the publintioft nfibc political |>4mpb1er, 
Mj- Thrilc lA'iAicJ 10 fee JobDroii in Pafli«mcn(± but wbctl.£c 
an untruth forfn, lr»ud vocHerajfoci, and a violent Ecmpef, u-oul4' 
k^ve fuCcec-tlcd in thM itl^^nMy, mAf well br « qucttion : Lord^ 
NufCli diJ'jipproved, aii-t Jdififon, 11 JetEni, t^cr Jfrvf diilifcfd the 
miiiiiLfr, in whofe fcfvice fa« tivd ti^tifcd ^^ u polhicJ wric^r. 

Tbc riTJsforEanca of Df. Dtxid, in 17771 exciced J<^Ei(an'* 
cQcnpiffion : he wfote two pctiiiont f^ itkai uah^ppy ffi4n, one 
EO ihc King, Another 10 the Qurco; he alfo wruit: a rermcifi, 
which WM prcachird tiy Do^id to the convr^a ifi N^tfrgii^, 
\\\\ax U bcctjnte of the fpfcrh, whtch Ui>JJ ilclivereil at the 
QIJ Up^iley, when he w» c;itle<l up fur j<L(!gtDCtil ^ Sir Jijhn tiU 
omitted Eliai jemuk«bJc compofutun. 

Wc com? now to the liil tif johnfo&'a lircnr^ latiottrj. AtJ 


Sir John HawltinaV EJitm »fDr. Johnfin^ Worhi, 3^1 

face which for ycsira had looked upon hioi wirh benigniry, O^ 
his departed friend, he has given a true chancer in a h^ndfome 
Latin epitaph, to be fecn in the church at Sireatham. In 1782*' 
he received another fbock : hia old friend Levctt expired with- 
out warning, and without pain. Events like thefe reminded 
Johnfon of his own mortality. He continued his viHcs to Mrs,' 
Xhralc at Strcatham^ and it appears that, on the 5th of Aprrf 
1783* he took his final leave of that lady, to whom, for near 
twenty years, he waa under the htghef^ obljgarions. In the 
fummer of that year, Johnfon had a paralytic ftroke, whfch af- 
ie&t^ his fpeech only. By the care of Dr. Brocklrfby and Dr. 
Hebcrden he recovered in a fhort time. In the month of Auguft 
he went to Lichfield, on a vifit to Mrs. Lucy Porter, rhedaugh' 
ter of his wife by her tirft hufband, and on his return, paid hia 
rcfpefls to Dr. Adams at Oxford. Mrs. Williams died at hia 
houfe in Bolt Court, in September, during his abrence. This 
was another fhock to a mind like his, ever agitated with the 
dread of hia own dtHblulion. He was now teft in folitude, with 
nobody but Frank, the Negroc, his favourite fcrvant, to fooihc 
bis anxious moments. In November he was Iwclkd from head 
to foot with the dropfy. 0r. Brocklefby was again alTiduou^ in 
his attendance ; but it feems he owed his retjef to an extraordi^ 
nary effort of nature* While with all his fervour he was offer- 
ing up his adoration and hi; prayers, he was fudderly obliged to 
rile, and in the courJc of the d^y voided twenty pin|s of water. 
From this remarkable event he began to entertain hopes that the 
vigour of his conftttution was not broken. His heakh was now 
fo much rellcred, that for the fake of converltng with his friends, 
be e(tabliOied another club ; and to ferve a man, whom he h^il 
known in Mr. Thrak's fcrvice for many years, the place of 
meeting was fined at hi? houfc in EliVx ftreei, near ihe Temple. 
Sir Juhn hfj'Akins fays, he was not m^dc privy to this intention ; 
and (hat it w&s maritr of furprife to him, when he heaid of it in 
Dec. 17S3. The Biographer adds, "The more intimate of 
Johnfon's friends looked on this cllablifhment, both as a forry 
expedient to kill titnr, and a degradation of his talents* It was 
a mortiticafion to polite perfons to aflbciaie the clink of the 
tankard with mora] difquifitions and literary invelligation : and 
many doubted, whether thai pkafure could be great, which was 
purchafeJ at fo cheap a rate as ilxpence.*^ Poor Df* Juhn- 
fon [ he lived his davs to be tried at laft before a chairman of 
the QjarKT Seflions ! bui the charge, in genera!, is fo abfjrd, 
chat, we truft, he will be acquitted upon moH of the points, 
which both tedioufly and dully are fummcd up againft him. 
What is his offence f He inllirutcd a club, of which Sir John 
Hawkins waa not a member. Wc have made inquiry concern- 
ing this club| and Hnd that the room \% neat, cocninvi^QM^, "uvd. 


381 sir Jehn Ha»kjna*j Edtskn of Dr, y^hr^ont tFerh* 

deticheJ JVom the common frcquenteft of ihe hoofe, nothing 
infcTtor 10 the cbop-houfc in ivfr-Utie, We tir>cl, Qii>rtov«ri 
tbic ihtrc ate membci?, vho, for their rftnk, ihcir lalciiti, an« 
ihdr littraiur*, mi;iht cl>im refpei* f'Om Sir John Ifiwkioi* 
TJjtfopiriiiitUiiipff/fiernJhfjTMnttprotraiiiitfei/. Tnc club fubfifti ^ 
to This hour, 2nd (he genitf-nn^n art fir from ihmking il t rM>| ( 
wafte of their time. Sir Jahn, bcin^ a ftrargcr, cinnoE ht ad- 
uinied for h\^ ibrec pence* j and ihould hi* name be cvtw aC't^j 
ciatcd with Lirerary invcfli^BitoDt the Etiing f^ dr^radt him w4l^| 
not be the fii'iTif o/the tankard. ^ 

In this club, Dr, Juhnfon continued till about Midfuinner 
1784* when, with fooic appciiancc of hcilth, be went \ikx4 
D<^rbylhirft and ihence to Lichfield, White he wai m thU 
put of the wofid, hid frienda in town were Ubtiurmg for hi4 
benefit. Their opinion was, 'hit the air c>i a mofe fouihcrn di- 
nialc would be of uie> But a pcnlibn of 3-0/- was a fiendef 
fund, Sirjf>fbua Reynoldt folicited for hi£ friend, the piironigt 
of the CbAnccllor. With Lord Thurlow* while he w«4 ftt the 
bar, Johnfon •wa.s well acqjatntcd. He faid lo Mr. Murphj^i 
iwenrj' years apo, " Thuflow is o'man of fuch vigour of miadi 
rbsE 1 nevci knew I waa lo meet himi but — I was going to tell 
a fjSfebood ; I wis goirg to fay 1 was afrflTd of ^im, and that 
wojid Dot be true, for I was ntvci afraid of \\>y man; but I 
never knew ihaC 1 was to inect Thurlow, buc 1 knew I had 
fomethiiip CO encounter." The Chancellor undertook to 

Sir John Hawkiti**; EJJjtfw t/Dr, Jthnfii^i ffVfij. 383 

bu bMn k\rtt 4 liiAppoincm^ni ; ind, from ^oor LordAJp'i 
fir 1 bnv« rccrivfd s l»Dclit, ii'hich onl/ inva hk« y^u ir* »Sle 
>tf. 1 nkftU &gw Jive miki r^tr^ WM a htgbcc opinida of 
»> owo Acnt. 

Ian, my Lonl, 

Ycur Lordfhlp'i moH obljgH, 

^fid ooll humble rervAott 


^Vehiire, Id ikU inftircc, ihe«3rcrtioncf rwocongpniif miiiifi: 
vac wilh I ^nerous rnpulfc rclicTtn^ "Kril in difTrcfi, and [be 
etber fcf grjiirudp »n<J ifigntiy of frnfimrfil lifing iltroft to aa 
equal tkvifion- Ol Dr. BrockLrltir ic mtitt be fjij, thai^ bf 
Ctic cffcr lie ni4i!c uC ha aCifijincc, he has tionc liiaifdf iEn«i«nl 

WbHe Or. Johnfon continued at AJTibnrn in Dcrb^lfatrri 
hit ^iht4tft bf^ft CO rrtum. In hii wty to to«vii li« vifKed hit 
tiacift cUy, and Mn- Potter, who IItciJ ihcjtt for the lift time 
On the i6(h of November lie arrived at hit Hc^fi ta Ifolt Covrt^ 
there to end hh djyi. He w«? now fclApf}i?|; into a dropfy, and 
«at tfltifted wjEh an ^i6hm«, Dr, Brock Irfb^ itm^<M bin -mnh 
tfidsoutcare. Ktrrnity prcfenied to hia inti^Jnaiiofl an tfvful 
pfofpeA; and wilh a» ttmch vlrXut ai in ^nml la ifte lot 
ifrf nsao* ba Ihnddcrfd ai the approacb ^4 hii diff>lation» H« fcJt 
ftfoog pcHurbatiotis of oiiod. Kit friend erdcivtmnd all In 
thtif powei fo lAVilen fhc cum for tabic riicdion of a Hfewdl 
fpTEit, Thry pri^rd i«t(h hii», md Johiifon p>jurcd out occa- 

Iliona]!^ the wirmvlV rtfttfTom oi pitty and iltvoiiofi. Ai hit end 
cirew near, hia frjerds hid the fi[j«fi£lioit of U<\v^ bitn cheerfut 
and compared, infomueh thtK he wai able, in the eourfc of hit 
ttHleia ni|Mi, 10 make tranlltii^i of Grotk cpigrami* u>d In 
thr QMirning to ^ite ■ copy to Mr, Lingioa. Ttie (ovc of )ir« 
«rta ftilt an a^tvc pnnciptc, Fcclini; himfclf fwdled with the 
ttropfy, he imagined ihiT, b^ inciAnni ^n hh Irgi, the water 

Itiiight be fet nif. Mr. CtuikUiank appfrhcr>de<J chit a Diortiii^ 
baiinn «Dtif(J titlhrtr^ but, nui«E(M)iiiiJLPj{, yiclticd tohiacn- 
trcatict. While be waa efrplo^cd tn fcarirying hii ieg«» JoJin- 
fon cticd GUI, dccpei, deeper ^ IwantJengLh of itlc^ and yoofcaC 
eiviog ^^ r^'^^v vhich 1 vaTiie noi, Tnc hiftorj of a dciih- 
fied i> painful. He made hit wlH, ind left to Franlc^ hi» Nf^roe 
fervant, 1 500/. After thti he grew warfe, and declined rapidly. 
On the ijih of Dec* 17S4 (the Uft ot~ hi» cxiiltnec on tbJi fjde 
the gfavej the deftrr of living leLurned ujion him uruh all ill 
Ibrmcr vehemence. Ac eight m the oioraing, he ftill thought 
thatf by pundures and inciJinns on hit Iimhfl, be might d if* 
Vharg^v ibe bid of water that opprcl1«d hioi. For ihit ptirpofe 
e aude ukof JiUnccff Jiftd afteiwaidt of apajxof fctilan. No 


Afiouriaijir tig Cml di d^tg/h^ 

water wia difcbargcd ; an cffiifion of blood followed* ntft leflf 
Es was conjedured, than eight or ten ouncei. Sir John'^nr- 
kins IS anxious to prove thiit thil wu cot dono to btfltn iiii^ 
end ; but of To moral and rcligiout a man «rbo can tdmic the 
fufpicion ? After ihis oper«tion» Johnfoa ftU into a doxe^ ud 
continued in that flate till aboat feven in the crciiiiigv when be 
faid to Mr. Siftres* ** Jam mmtWMf^*' t&d, in a qauttr ^ wa 
hour after, expired without a groan* 

On ihc 20ih of December* with due funeral bononn, Ad a 
numeious attendance of hii friendi, be wu buried in Weftoun* 
ilcr Abbey* near the foot of Shakefpearc'a monument^ aod dofil 
to the coffin of biA friend Garrick. 

We hive thui gone through the life of thia extraorilnurf 
man. From a prodigioua qnantky of betcrngeneoitt natmalii 
we have cn<feavoured, in one regular feriet, to give a dear end 
uninterrupted narration* The wild variety, which the 'Bi<H 
graphcr haa brought together, fervet only to diftrad theeUOl- 
tton of the reader, and to counteract that curiofity, wbicb Cfoj 
one fecU concerning thofe, who have made tbcoftlTCt CdiiacBt 
in their day. We have, in fix hundred and two paget, a cbaoa of 
matter, and Dr. Jobnfon Ilea under the load, Tike liie-|jau, 

buried in Sicily ; 

Dtjrira fid tmguftt manwi /fl fuhjtcfa Ptltro j J^^ 

Lirva-, rochyKr^ tii: ; Ltfjh^s crura prtmmtur I 

M^mvhf fir the Coitt ^fCsgRtJtro. 



hnc million fii hundred ibour^fid Ji'fc!, wu bought of McOisc, 
Bohcicr 4Ti«t Ci>. |«wcl>rt lo ihe Crown f>f Frarcr, ^:f thf ufc 
«f (he Queen. li \\ faud, ihit the CaniiJiil d< kahindc- 
cUr«d CO fh* jewelkn, ihar he \^tA %% >n •gcni iti iht Itifinefi, 
, and rhtc ihc rnj purchifcr wax tbc Qjcfn. TKc Cjkfdiatl, 
mtveovrr, jimductd i wijtttn idfltgmentj feti:rt^ f^nh itc 
ttr^vi of lS« purctiaff^, with Ihr foItoAin;; wtirdi in X\\t margin ; 
•' 3«q,^n.' sfftpt^wx^ Alarif' /KUia/itr (ft Framt** Thit w« 
rxbibitcti at the full approbaiion cf the Qurcn, purp^riir^ to be 
her nviic ird rigmtjrc. It ia further iUccd, thit \\tt M«jcl\jr 
*dtela/e<J, '■ Thai fot; had ncL^e-r givrn any orden for ihe por-- 
ch4&, or ever apfifovcd ofihc CfrcnJ, and initftcncvfrrccovcd 
iHr occklacr/' Somi" of ihc dl«tn6ftdi m UxS m hitf bw-o. 
nkcn frooi ihe rcctlacc, and fold it l**!!* b/ the Cora?f flc de Jft 
iVlMir, and uiorhrr pirctE cf them wa* dif^^ofcd of in Engbivf, 
hj her huCbknd. U appear* further* that itir C^rrtcflc dc U 
Moiic, in a Mcmoiul fxhiblicd by her, chtr|>eJ, ibiE Cagligflr;> 
f #m«Mffy/i/ tbc Cardinal be Robin^ by tbat irfi^RCc and autho- 
rity vbich he affumcd ever hU Emicencr^ in biic iH^ necklace 
/%]d, In the manner itre^fy mentionrd. In the r»mc Memorial, 
Ca^fioAro it reprcCrntcii as an empnrL(, » nrm alfbymifl* a 
dte^nker on ibc phijnfojhcA ftor*f, a pjcwr.der, a Portuf-ucfc 
Jcvr, t Grertt an J^gyptiin of Alexandria, a fctcerert a4kd < 
r<]f-cietie<) CtJuiiT. If ti adJod^ that Caglioffrr>, lrtt;uflcd bf 
Ihe Cardinal vith the oeekbcc, tocfc the jeocli to pwcn, ia 
orJer to >ild to « forttjne onkuown ar-d onlieard uJ' befofc. 
Cagliojiro aofureri, that lie never faw ihe nefkbc^^ and b# 
<o<npla!ni of ihe abutive term) oiade u^c cf a^ainl bi^n. \a (be 
Atrornty Gcrerafa InfrvrmiTlcii it i> (faced, that iHli niraOfdi- 
nary iianfadlion took tlacc in Jm. 17(^5 \ and or) the a^h of 
cbai mor^th, the j^wcffcn fubfcribtd to ihe terms praptjfcrf b/ 
the Cardinal, and the ciecicTace wis delivertd on (he fiift of JuIjt 
loJIowing.'^Such arc' the prominent fejturea of thli bufiiicrt; 
the paitiei t^ing put under arreft^ vnn eoti^ned In the EUOile. 

One ciicuuinjfKc more i» CMikjua, ard maiciiaL . C^^'-uibii 
Ibjf, that, beirg scquaihrtd with the CirjJin*', heajiintfo- 
doctd by him toM^^J^iie cfc !« Mctte, ou i)ic ^ol^ttv^t^, u^cAilaii: 
TbeCjrdiml io]<^, t^it (Iw Q^tcn wji affii^^J wih ihe 
deeped mcltAchcly, on xcco^oc ot a pifdi^lio^i, xw.X ^.t ^nd 
Xnoihrr lady u'mild die fn cbitJ-b(d, Oa l^c fofti!^ e 

Coonicfs (oM C«g1ioi^ro» At thcCatdinnlV houfc, < .- .-ier 

]«dy died, ■.t w** forrroW, and that th^ Qjeen app^brrdcd the 

f*niflfiu- " If yourf»'dihr, toCnltcflftf, " ■ 

tiappcn^ or rfyoucaa fitjd it out, 1 thJI tK\-- 

VeifaAlIci, and mike n^y report to ^cr Maieltv/' 

tatc fcqiJcft cl the Caidinal, Cjf.Uoflro /ITunicd |o 

in ihe ocr«lt fdocei, f nd for ib^ fikt ofippttfinj tacVfJ**'*'* 


Btv, May»i73;. 




Mtmri^ftT tfm CiwH A OofflgifrA 

r»Mt uR^erto&k « ridiculous fccM of antaiflicr^i tt which »t ii 
^afhjnil^ni^ ihii ihr CartTinil vnt f^nknt tod aAftlng. Ttw 
liifcc of Mad^imc iJe Ia Mottc (i Touog Mj^ of the age of l$] 
ra> pUccd hctind a ftcccn, 1q think of if/hi: objr^ ftlC wilacrflO 
ler. Cj£i'Ollromad« ureot ma^edfai: axid cphuHomappMrei 
;io (he niccct ia fotm lEid Tcaiuic like the Qluxo. To ihb ap- 
iritioo Ciglfollro ordered the youfig girl lopuc tbo t^ttcftioit, 
rlittlKr the Q^itcfi viu (o be brought to bed f^lcTj'^ Thcpliij^ 
ftom bo*cd ill hcad^ and thut (he Quren of Fi^itcc iam to be 
Klicrcd from htr Apprehcnfioiii- Tbis, it f«ema, waa iba &rfl 
Irnowlrdgc Ci{;1Jofiru hid of MiJimc tic Li MtXEr, and to ibii, 
he r^yii u WBi on'ioe (hai he wis altcriAnrdb ch^ged » lA ftc- 
complkc ii) (he fraud of the necklace. Furrbcr light ioio (bit 
myHchous bufincfa tht faaiphUt before ut doci not &ffiMid, 
%VbaE evidence W49 received on the umI of tkc fcfcr&l ptxtici 
Vre are not tcTd, Tbe event, however, ti wtU kficvrn : tb« 
"Countcfi wu publicly whipped j che Cafdin^l wti acquiticdi 
snd CigTIoffro urai hiniilied from ihe king(f<»m of France:. A 
^oiTa Fraud, with the adJiiuji ol a moft daring for^rf, frt«| 
perhapc, never cominitird. Thr vrholr prcfrnti a frtoe of ptf- 
p!exuy, and wt have no doe to guide ui throuj^h tb« oiaie* 
All we c«ii doi b to ^ivc a bmf accotint of ibc thicc pcrfoiu 

Cardinal dc Rohan Ii of (he highefl rank, both in icmponl %ni 
dfrical di|^ick«( d«fcendcd froiti one of the lirfl famiLiea in 
Francti whofc anccffcors held intJcpcnc^ent principaliiia in Hri-> 
tany. Himfelf a PHt^ee of (he Roman Empiiv^ in fi^ht of fcu 
bithopT'c of Strarbureh i Oraod Almoner (o hii Moll CbriAiaa 
Klajefiy ; and poJiflTrd of church prrfcrmeni^ to th« Uiniul 
■mount of bOpOOO /• Reding. 

The ttcxt is (he Comufk de In Mottc, defrcndcd, » h ton- 
fidcnily (aid, from Henry U. of France, t>y a baftard ^lic* She 
fited for fomc lime in oblcuiiiy, and folluwrd ihc bun^efa of m 
majKua-mikrr, till the grrterocK hand of the Maic)lione& dc 
Mn*il]icn wji drctch^d out (o h?r adiJ^ance* 
Of himfelf. Count' Caj|;1ioAro, ia ihe Memorli! before itr« 
fpcakf at Urge, but «ri(h rrg;ifd to hia biilh add pftren(a^ leam 
the public in u(rrr darkrirf«. He haa been faid to be (he 6» of 
Finto, ibe laee Gnnd \fafteT ol Maka t hut the author of ihi 
preface to ihia iio^k affurcs w, that Ca^Tiodro ii ddceoded frCM 
the fmpertal htniiy of Comnrnea, who reign<d ov«r the Chtiflian 
ctnpi'c of Trebifond, and in prixth ;jf liu;c bccaa>c tributary to 
tbtf Turk. The Preface further addi, lh«t Caglioftro k tkm 
only ftirri ring fbn of the Prince, who, about 35 ycara a^o, wai 
tnanacfed in a fedJiinui infurrcdion* CaglioArn wat faved front 
|bc fury of the coofpiraiofi, conveyed to Mtd^nj, tod the 
Ct]Cr:if had the gtncrutiTj 10 cducaoe him m ihc rcligloa of 

II bi< 

MrmfiTiittfif iht Cfomi df Ca^luffn^ 

hU Chtjfitn pirrrrtt. In the Memorial, Ciglioftro fiyi, ba 
Cflnnix fpttk politircJ/ cither of ihc f»!ac« of hr« nttivity, nr of 
hii pAieiiK. The ytirt ol hin chiljho.^d v**fc (ijlTcd in the city 
of Medina id Aratia. He «4t bred up uod«r the nin»eof Ach- 
olic. Tbc mine i4 hi* govc/iii^r w4ft AlthoC^} he hid, br- 
fiidft, a while fervant, anil two blick*. A cioad bune over hit 
birch, uid hi> i^uvcmor would never cle«t i< up. He vru Jn- 
Amded in ill tht ciHern liftgtJAf<ef, i^d hv tdtlij^hrcd m boiinf 
and phytic. At the »ge oF it» he fetoui with AlihoUi to viHc 
the pyikm'iAt of Egypt* and a cirnvin wit prepurrit for tht 
purpoie. At M«cca, ihc Chrnfi, chofen, »t t% (he cuAom, front 
tbc der(:cndin<s of M^hDmci, hououird him iriEh niirlti of dif- 
tin^ioin. He recniitied i< Mrcca three y^ifi, KCfivin|i( front 
the Chcf jd' the mcfi cnde4iing tolceai of liFedion. TLc Bliclc 
whotficflde^ him ws«, it JeemT, in the fecret of Cagltoftro'* 
birib, Aikd, whii ii furpiilingt Mtould not difcover it. AH thil 
could be wrung from hioi w.19^ ^* Bcwire ai the city ct Xrebi^ 
fond." Cigtiutlro preceded to viftt ihepyrAmidi, in^ paifcd 
Thfet ye^ii lo jr-ivtllir^ ihruu^b Afu and Afnri^ Vn l^60, hs 
arrived at Rhodei, ind thence embirktd for Mifti. He w^ta 
gracioufljt received by (be Cnnd MiAcr* Pimo. Hit governor 
now ilFurned 1 clericu dieff, i;>d with it the inftgfiia of the or- 
drr of M*]u, The Chev«Tier D'Aquiflo> ^y the dcfirc of iho 
Grand Miflef^ iiienJrd Ciglioffra on aJl ocea6oni, ind did 
hin the honaura cf (he ifliind. Pinto i* fuppofcd to knovr 
C>gUr(^ro*( birrh, hiii he, like (he reft, would divulgp neighing* 
Surely DO fccrei wi« ever fo wondrrtully lGtp( ! Althot^A, th« 
SuvernoTt (ficJ it Matu: Cvgliodio, unable, aftei fo gticirouta 
Jor», to endure the ifl^nd, Jfft the pbcr, in order to travel ortf 
Europe, iccompaaicd bjr (he Chcvilicr iI*Ai)uino, who wai (a 
obliging It 10 foppiy ill hit wintt, but from whir fund we trt 
jH>t io]S, He vjiiEcd Sicily, the iilindi of the Arcbipcligo, and 
ai I^ng^h linded ir N^plet t whence, in 1770, he proreedfd to 

»K'>n;r, being provided wiih ■ letter of credit an a birking houfa 
in thu CLiy, Who furnillicd ihii tetter uf crctfit lenMini a 
fecret. He wja ttirre oiuch cirelTed by GinDtncMi (iftcrwirda 

• Pope Clcflient XIV,), ind by ihe other CirdkmU. Ciglioflio 
war, i( thiG ticiie, in hit iweAiy-feeond yeir, Seri&iM F«U- 
cbi4ji<, 1 Udj hiMf out cf ber infancy, by (he chirn^t of her 
perron kindled a fiiaie in hi* breaf), wbich f^xteen yrir« roir* 
fu^e hifconlj- ftfvcd to ftren jthen. He vided Sp>ir, P^tu- 
gal, England^ Hnlltnd, Courbnd, Petnlburgh^ Jind PohnJ^ 

kwitb i felicity (hit never dttcndsd any prrloo uut of a roaimcet 
caoiHy, a cunfliiii fupply of money, but frooi what hand, be 
«icher does not know, or 11 not willing to lell. It loolu ai if b« 
rravcIlr-J wiib PortuniEUi's purfc. Ta Eoglind* be hyu ha 

ffic^ g2L&<tt\ %&^v,tx\- 



Mrmoriatfir th CaiM dt CasEit/lrtm 

anccl In 1780 he arrived atSuaiburg, and o^c able then 10 
conceal his T^lcnis, be was oSllg«d to make his Liiauflcdi^r of 
phyTic iifeful 10 the putlic. The poor, ihe corps of anWUrff 
^ilJ the othtr rcgitncnis at Scralbuigh, kII experienced hia fkill 
jn medicine. The laws, he fiy^, could aoi accomrnoditc the 
numbers that iloctcJ (o Sualburgh ojrhis accouni. Kc d^Rd* 
buted tredicineSf and piid ihc apoihcrary for (hem. VVc admire 
fuch ^6ls of benevolence^ but ItJt wJlh to know whcce w» fail 
Mexico^ or his Pciu. li wa» ac Strafburgb that he became at^ 
quainted K'JEh the Cardinii de Rolian, aL<l wtih him he fei out 
ioi Piiist CO cure ihc Pimcc Eotibifc of a mortificacion. Uai 
the l3cuhy, on hia arrival, having pronouacrd ihc Prince in • 
fair way, he never (avt him* At Pari* he ^gain mt4c hi« pit/* 
fic^tl talent ufeful : he i't£ied paiienii tfricbouT a fee, from live lr 
the morning till tnreJve it AigbC; diftribvitcd mcdici»cv, and 
p3[d itic flpoihccary out of his own puife. He returned to 
Scraiburgh ^ but being there grofdy llbeircdt And called} Anti- 
chrittt VVanJcfing JcHT, the Man of 1400 ycara old, fee. he 
icfJveil to honour that place no longer vpith Hi* prcfcace> 
Hiving heard that the Cbev^alicr D'Aquiiio was ill at Naples, 
he i^cnt thither ; hut arrived only icme enough ro take rhe Uft 
fdtcwclJ of hi? friend. Ht newt po^cd (o Snutdcaux, from 
ihence to Lyons, and, on the 30ih of Janqarjr 1785, vifiictl 
I'dfiA. He there (aw the CudinaJ de Rohan. In a ihort cima 

nfrrr. thfr fcene nf ibp liJir tipliinf] the ffr«rn aru aArd- «tiA 

Trttnfitifhtit ^ iht Amtriian Pbsftf*fhU&l Sta^tft Vol. If. ^tif 

Tolttecnil tlutft ii>ict;rof thi*^ii4tute txttf bcf«TtF]rbtou(ht' 
to tighr, the !Cin^ oS Frsn^, we are Told, hu gnacra hli pfT- 
iniiST)A ID Csuni C>2^K^flrO It* rcriJit P*rb. Wc wi(h he wojM 
emlnaci* (!kc offer, ai in F^ch i Aiir, in ord<rr in prov^ ihir hi^ 
lud i1i« abovt prj^perty, it v/^M be ntttHUtt to nUv/ vihtn ibd 
wh«c Itc Kxeiv^ the rooucy, a;i(i by *hom tlw fijay-ftvcn' 
b«JU were iJniwn : *i fttteni (faff whcU i-f to;» pL*o^lcmdfki!, la 
ni9Jcrn tiiDCs, Ehr;c hia not cccurEc\l fa finfrtilif a '^^'y*. ^' ^* 
for (hit r«afM) thii wc fcjtc rflJ^ivocrcd to cjtt the R^aJcr « 
Gornpcndiout view cS fo cmlnus a rubj«d. ^^c tile has noc' 
impn(<d upon thr pfoptc o* Fmnct, We wrrc golny lo iJJ.' 
for thff b«nrtit of itifi country, B/Wkt/r tf^tuiw/fit', ft'/wi^ 
arr a^revJi but ih? iJvicr, we 4'c naw lold, ii :i!io^c;tirr un* 
ncctlTiry | C^^Iioftro li »hndy at the end of hii lia? ; a itcvft-> 
paipci t^fujcns us ihji hii g^xjd) are foU^ md thu^ no binkcr' 
facing rtaidv to fu^pif hJi wiatt, <hi< ro^&atk advtntuftr ha£^ 
difappfareJ. En^lifh^cn b^vc b<CTi dujKd by % ribb'ct urt>min» 
a min ia i hfufl--, EfuSeth Cannin^^ anJ a Cock-'*nc chofi j' 
but in ihtf iHcfcur mfltnc?, ccJiliiy hM not l>frn eKc cpf^^cmic 
6iGn{e vf tbc litnti^ Tiru cj/r:! l-" . .^ . 

rciched oar cars, and both, we -j-, . ,. ^ , 

bouriiDQd of (he iscirrpo^cf. The amoulit, we h<-a.', ii noc' 
ltk«Ty to be ruinous lO the pinJesj but in ill t*tatt vrc are 
glij Ebfti ihii country b cio l^a^r fo harbour fb cquii-ocaJ a 
cl]a^a^E;^ ai thu oi Cauot Cacliostao f 


Aar.lV. Tkaki^ctioki of the jAfmVAir Pvi[.oior)i«!AL Som 
citrr^ V«l. II. coniiaucJ, SreourUi, p. 395. , | 

Mktborolocical PArE)(«. 
A Prt^Jki fir a itttv F^grtrrxtn', B/-0, FmiLlin, - 

k r r ' %^9 

THE hr(;romct*r wh^cb Dr. FrifiUin here rfCooin^crJi, » 
conifofcJ gf a piece of ^ce {ji»UtcJ n]«^jg'n>\ about iha] 
tbinneri of a fine, and in width about two iDCh«s Jicrors tS«' 

KatA ; to be iUeiJ ja fuch a tntnncr tbikC lu co^tia^lion and ^i-. 
:aiiont b) ihv drynrft ani rnoitlurr- of the aif, may b<- tnea* 
fafe<l by feoJiblc divj&>n5, pointed 10 hy a movc&bte hind, oc 
iD^CJE* on a m^rkeJ fc^lc. The Do^cr wa< iiuucej to jrcocn*. 
Oie^ this rpecio of hye'cm'^tcr, it*>m obr«r«ini; the liJ of a 
nahogany cafe, in fereral i^jfciem pUcc?* daiir^ hii triulv 
l«^ fe(narkab])F fcofibleof ihedryn«ri or Bioifturc of the atr, 

ffc TWf t/ Ughiniwg Mtf n>r^dfr SitrxJ, By Andicvf 
Otiwcr, E(q. .. .', 

It bat been gfrnently Tuppol^J tb*i the e!tflriccb»rjet, vMcli 
aTccabibitcd io rrpcjccd H'thu oL li^htiungi during a ityndcr. 
Amib, BiefiieviouAy accuaiubicti in iJkiapouu wbkb^i^a^' 



)90 TrmJMiiutfttMjhurumPhil^/k^MlStaftytViA^tU 

loie the cloud i and ihat KhtU vipourK. wh^a ihc^ become by 
•ny mcin« ovcrcha/grd vtiih rl«^ti(^ mitcrr, or d«prtvrd of their 
ftiiural qv*ntiiy oi ii* dikhjfgc ih<ir ftpti^viiy lo^ or tc<«tve 
their nccciTkry fuf^pllc^ I'lttm, either i he earthy or funic ncigb- 
V>giinjE ctoud, infutceOivc rxpJofions uniil an cqui1ib«|iim it 
jeflofed bcttf^n iKcm. M:. Oliver, htiwevrit contrary cu lfai> 
tbWrf, ef>d«jvfmfi to prove that ib* chirgd rcfxle iurt in rhc 
cloud, or in ihc vapoura of whjch It is cacnpufrd| but in thr tt€ 
ivhirh fuAirni iVirm. Hr prov«i by » vtti«iy of exprrinMflii 
that ibcckflrTC capadt3r cf the air b kJTi-nciJ bf cocidfaratKifl, 
JH^nd increaftd by bf«i s thr different trgiom of tlic jinoTpbrte 
,WiJl tlirrrfore bfcofpc di^renvl^ fTedtncal: if, fro<ii tht coa* 
Ui'jr Cuncnti o\ air, which ftrquently take pl^cc indiAcieni 
hevghti of the itmoiphtre, thcfe regioni flia^lJ fcrcha^cc be*- 
Comr Itiutred over* cr i^jkc<nt to ore another, hkc A^ita of oii* 
tieraJk la the bf>welf of ihe e^rth ; whii the niriillin? effacing >« 
to a pipc of g)af»i (he fame would clouds be to ih^te ditixrtiiiJjp 
■vlc^rioa) recioni of afr, fbe eltftnci) cquitrbrium of wMcb 
ffi^hl be refloted by meant of fponraneoui difchjri^a thrcvugh 
■be pure air belwetn ihc dou^r. Thia theory is exemplified by 
thccx^frimeni* of fortrer cleflriciaRc, at well u by (ott* ocv 
enc» of (he AiiihojV 

Hew the claudi ^re |!rn'Tatfd, ^i>riited, and jt^jpted to tbefii 
gnad pt^rpofe« in the ccconotny of njiuie, ■> rie»t confidercd^ 
aod, in (he proreeuEion of (hcfe inquirto, Mr. Oliret makei 
Ibihc very cvrioui temarki oo evaporatiofl, and the vaiioua 
oufei of armo^herieal currantr. The p«ptr concludes with an* 
iwtn to fuch objt^ons as tba author LUppofci any be nud« n 
the oewr tbroTy wbfch he has giTen. 

Tit Thtsry »f H'iiterff^bts* By the Cune* 

Before our Author proceeds to give a phtlofophictl rolotioBof 
^fe curioui phcnoaiena, in whjcb ihc rrincip^l fluiJi of our 
globe, ^Ir and water, are largely coitc<riied^ be nulrea feHril 
obferi'tciona on Che nature and propciito of Auidt lo geocnJ*^ 
Ttiefr being premi/cd, he eniera more minutely mto the rxa-> 
ptintEif^n of Ihe afirofpbere, >r>d enuv^eratei the principal caiilci 
of (he cbange* which it undcrgoci in different placet. 

* Seme prt« of tbeocesn.' he fiji, ' are liable to lonj; BT:dft- 
tenlive cUni>, durin? ih^ c<)ntin«aiici* of <«hich the Wat ii feaeedy 
tolertllC' Where iMfr tU(« phect the air moll ntfvefffcrily undfr^ 

Eopcrtit^nal c^>an;:ca to iia lieAliiy ^ and, Arbea beate4aoJ ivcficdit 
nteeer:ii') df^ree, WII give wajr lo ibr dmfer air, nowvropov- 
tiAQably oifpofed tn Aon» in, from all tjauicn wlrhoai iJse timka ti- 

' When e>c< ibU fl»«ai<d air, erDeciall^ if of any rrtat eiteatt 
twcooict fpcc^&rally lifhtcr than ibc lumiundinr Mr, adJ fbfideatJr 
firt tobv fupplntrd oy It; tbe Utier inFf, rreoerfe, fet in fmna 
tVtfyMein borifoatalcarrcata; vrhitb viU Jlo*cilhcr<UteA)y« or 



Tr^nfiffitni fftht Amtrican Phitt/sphUai Sstiftj^ Vol, \l. %^x 

«b1^<tl)r, i«*vdt one ceiBt, in or oear tbe cenrrt of the bfC«Jne4 
region cfrrtfiid ; t1&f cMi^^ltif I of whidi Chirrtnu Drill depend upoa 
(be iclodtiti ind 4lirc6zuii9 of the windt, or cumnu of 4ir, ^liicii 
might pr^riouffy h>re iikrn pUce in the fEirroundiQ^nginni. Wncn 
ibele cvrren?) irri« at ihr »ntrf of tbfir mutnal cocivcrgeacf, iH 
the ili|niie4 and rmrrfirJ air whicli ivai befcre incvDnb^ni upon tba 
Ctlm furface of the fr«i ivill hate b^cn e^pfU^d md TorccU hij^her 
up in^a the Aimofphere* upon <rhich ihefe curTcnLi. tiy iTicir n^uiuAt 
conconr^ in oii« place, wilJ emflivH/ crcwd each oiher^ at obfrrved 
Above, whervi«r ft hippMi^ driving the centn] *lr upwirdi ivieh % 
vioJcoi bJ«Et ; (bhich, fiiculd the correnit Tm in obLqae^y, and To eoo- 
vergc wiih 4 fpjral motion lowudi the uqck of ihcir maiail coo* 
coorie, wouTd ifcrnU j» ihrou^h the fcrew of Arctiimcdni or xha 
woria of A enrk-TcreK, to tmih of vhtdi, nATigiton hk\t likeard 
t^oTe fpomi ; oihffwife it would afctf^d through a ftiaiz iiftfrow fan* 
■elt mikb, A fllJcd «rilh Any opat^ae Tnaccer Aould bccomo viAbUa 
«rtd It a diJUcicc vhOulJ rcffmblc a fpcakiag trumpet wM^ ihc fmall 
«;ui dov^EihVjrdi, in whkh form the waterfpoui fiequerdy ippran. 
Id the former calV, a wlitrl^lTid rourd abotit the centre u^utd iin* 
4oub4edly be iho co&feqdeace; ftnd In cjithcf, a vauripout would 
probably be prodiiccd.' 

Sjch rt fh« aocoumirhich Mr. Oliver gWei of iTK-phcoonioioit 
inqiidlion; but it thed^rfirriptionaof wairrfpouii are, JngencraL 
fucFi uiily u arc hjodcd (0 us by muincr^ wbo have the moA 
fre^itcm opporiunitUi of Tecir^ therrif and who caonDE be tit^ 
pe^d to obfervc fhcQi with ihu ciKuRiftiatiaJ ftccuracy whkti 
mxf be OTCcfT^ry for i^c foLjndiilon cf a phvfica] folution of To 
CKIraordiniry «n apptannce, — we trc tmuci ibe neccifiry of 
/ijrpea(fi[i|C our judgment bf thtfc phc&oajctia uolU tbcv love 
boon cbJtrved by m?n of fciecicc. 

Cn^ii^^i ttnamiiii iP^nd and H^atirfiem^ Tsrm^Jkt^ 4nd Httr* 
rUaftti, By Dr- John Pcrkint. 
Ccninry to the opmior delivered in the foxroer paper, DrJ 
Fcrair» ai£crt> the deicent of the wsKr in mtctfpouta, and he 
Aipp;)at bU affenioa by a Dumber of undeniable tvldencn. 
HaTLO^ eilAbliflic^ thU U&^ he next procr«v]» to explain the va- 
tiuui f^rnvi which thcfc phcnonicna aitunK, jind the torLCuiniiAnt 
sppearincef with wtitrh they are accompanied^ Our Author 
tbcn on<» fvmc rcttiaika ca Mr. SiuariS accounU and figuiet 
of waterfpoui<| at given in the Philofophica] TranfA^^ont, wbkh 
forn 10 corroboratcr hii theory of dckeot ; be firll con£dcri tho 
gync foar (hit aitcndi a complete fpocit ; it i* the fime a> thai in 
caurada or Ji[U of v^aiei from great eoAinences \ thii kio<i of 
roar could uut eajfl if (he waters jafcctiiJcd. Mi. Stu^rt'a S^uiea 
of greii rpoutt arc drawn with the appearance of a bufh lound 
tbcir bafc \ ihii. Dr. Perkmi fay», * ii a ntcclTiry coofeq^jcnce 
4>f the waier'i AlUng ; U rifei up froo) (he foot of the fpom, »nd 
lalfk back ha a pambohe mannef into the lea, Ai vaj faid of the 
OATJaiaow, io jiAaybefaidofihij, d»t it<osid tuit tutt^KAfti. 

JJd4 u 

39^ Tj^fOf^oni if iht AmerUcHfbli^tiphkal^tiiitff'^tA^lU 

in ^ny conf^dviilflc way of ari:ci]ti n'hilc» on (.he couujiQ't it u per* 
fcftly HgrteHb[« id n^.iure, on lheprmi.i^!c ordi:(LcuL , 

* T^c appearance* cf a break, or piiiiu'Wi, m ilie tfuot of (he 
/poiu, ai.thefopof ihe biifii, J* a tery corinuj pbfmjinenoft ; iE U 
sat real,, buc only Jipparcni, and c&uld ret Z]4v« happtncJ without ibfl 
luQi > k btrjiie cauird \ty ib? rcf^t^Ioa of ibcrayt tbrougli the dro^ 
of v.aitf whkTi t(j[inin*[i: ihe lop of ibc bulh, Mhcau a divcrgcQcy* 
30 J fo /niirli lofi of iiniTn. 

' In grffli rpouU (h«c it aKo • pilUr-Ulc«,ipp[^4rjincci bring i 
pari of (nc truii^ ivjihrn thi; buOi \ b/ ■^iciihcr refrafluin tbrough Lb« 
2t]i:9 of Lbc buflj h apf^can niuclibu'gcr lii^a tbc uucit, 4i»ii*h(iuu4 
in jIeuu(Ii? by ibc bufh/ 

1^1 ^bij ntiiti]«r uiir Author proce^*, cvpUtning^ tui pb11<K 
C^i^hlcAl (sraiciplt:^, chc appe*iAn£C» wiil> M'buh WniicifpiJUU M« 
aucoiid.; ;Lnd, confining hifnlclf whuily fo fidt, he mW 
vKncc4'n« hypothcfis which <bt pbcitommor itftirdtKt norwif* 

Torrtadn* "nfl hurrftfamn, Dr- Pcrtint ihtnt*, *rc of thv 
flint gtncMl (liluic, allhoiii;h diffcrmf; iji fcme lircumlUnCrV 
rfnd appearrances.' "The t»irrt»do, tti»iIri*iftJ, or, Si our Atitbd/ 
c^lii i(, .^indfjJQUl, bc^ini AiddvJiI^ ; inoir or Icfs of clouds 
tcing^NWh Icgrther, % fpgut of wiifd COme^ from them, uif3: 
fljiltiS the (trQuiiJ, ifi .t'r.ouiid fpof of a few perches diamettri 
tuitli :i prune dircflmn Tri the courfc of thr wind of tlic day, lod 
pmc^ciij Lhus half a mik, cr a mile. Tftc proncncfa of it^ <Ec- 
fccnf m^Lu jt riiboijnd frotn the canh, clifowirg luch tSii. .' 


.\ phrnodirit'ia in ihts 4 iff it cbc *Fry rcrtAU 

iii I if, 

Xhri ft]crr?r Tirik Jcca about icn ciiicyiu p*ft £t in the 
<vemng, r'l rhr f'tKi^ti, ai about 4. drpcri vrjjir^id ©/ th« 

Aiit^gr^ ■ p.< ^^1. ^ . ^ : ivcr^ cod p\ ix^'ad 'I1 Ute ctilJ^Jhi^Acid 

.^iffi^/ tit* Ji'^ft ^iM af</*^ijU^M. Bf Ditid Rillco- 

S- ^jO-" ^'> , r . . with *he r>rfii« Btrcmii, Xli. R, 

'<;pfifJuL'cb Jik>; <L iri-t< »4^f; idJirn Onor r>v»( ik* Out^of Riauo* 
't^it^ A^^ut^^D rnilei friM) Phi'AdcjphU, 4ml-3t5 Iraoi Wil- 
lUj|;{l}i't>- J ''^ br«dih <>i rh< Jiiffiifkoui VMpour, i}i(r AuUiDr 

■ritfi, niult Kivc b«cn upw4/c« oJ ivo mik«. 
^A^Wvflfiflvi 0it r/v /^;irtra EtfMifi. By tftc Rrvcnnd Jcittaj 
* * ■ «i Jkkjup. 

At 1K11 cxifioi^ acroant imtaDi bc^ijilged^ wcfluSI give it in 
the Autti.Tr'i owfi wordi : 

- 'About lc«u*(locfc ooSfl^BrJjjr Iftfl [the paper iJ diU<J Mjirch j i^ 
'|tSj]p ihc bemjfpbefe iv^t ell m af^lcw ; iW f apoun afrcEdcd fro9 
'aJl jW'snti iaJ m<l_tn x cnxtttl one m i^« ttbUh : .»\\ it^ iidrreaca 

|p»pr (JiJ ^t hcj^ifi to E;fc fo ncAr tSc Fiotl^on ta tile buth ju in 1^ 
'rorth. "TVftf h.iJ Ivcn _ Jm:ll fjio'^cr witli a f<w iKunifr cUp, 
ird a bflt.fiT ntiiihow h t)i ■ : >nci ihrr* wjii a grnik wrf- 

|xTt> hrpcvj* in the t\tT\ir.z, ** - in Pji*'r, *itb imciviU of int> 

hO*tbK«iniiiitt'>< ia ihele^Bfe-ral} I couM pJ«lsl|r percOTc a ritittia;; 
tft^irc, w.^uh vyaicafiJr iidiiagmiiwd iiotaih* l«saJ o/tbe«in(fi ind^ 
ifll^Kk-bc krjr 1 (la Lkr A*« haU TubAM^ Tte fl^in^ of tU 
l^oar WM ffjtiKaicly q^ick ; wlte*her KXetfiaird bj the wind t can' 
!r«i Uv I but ftoni tbj( 4i4r(«f uhw ih«{iT>ivi<quaarity of vapour 

frirrr-l o c in aoiiuc, ttu I'oafld b'U lio , p^iiucd ) and (ki«a. 

^jvatioft, wu ilic.GiiIlerft* The focac liuUU Abovti 

r - 


rrmemW to hive r«n \^y icrourt where a fjj^«. 
,'< /r^ jr»dfVf f/^i« ai Mr. D, oipjrflcj it, i» iMIi*^ 
an atienixiFC o^ t^c phciiptr-.-nQfi of the Aarou 


it^f$ t/ Jmifua. By Jo^n Adami, J'L^ D. tn4 M«mb«r of ^ 
JUftdtnj of Arti and $ci«&c<i «i BoAoo. Svo. %u Itou^ 

buir. 1737- 

WE b*vc HOC divl wIcH ■ grcikr JI fa ppoi fitment, in tbi 
courft- of our !iwrary libouri, tbaa wt have Mpe- 
litiifcd with refpcA to th« voric novr before ut* Th? <1i»fsd«r 
of Or. Actamv, v a miQ of figicirj and ttlenn, ftindi vrr^ 
fcif^b in ibc vrorU. and the fKpericnce hv fail had fn the sd»i- 
vini^ton of AmeriVan ilF^if, natwrilly m^cTr ii» hr>(jc fo« mvch 
ttfefol infor^aiKW on the Jubjc£t of Irgift^CLon lad ^v«riKi«*c, 
iityn » pctfof/niiKt wfKEen by him cxptff&Iy on (hit ^ubftSu 
We th«rcfor? o|>encd the book with eager expe^iiiop, but, Co 
oar £mC legrctt arc found ia k aoebiof^ anfffrcrtblc to Q«f pte- 
foflcAoni in in favour. On leading ihe Preface, we ihoa^t 
tpv difcoTcrcd in oAentatiout difplay of extcnBvc reading, km t 
gesrni knowledge of »rii a«d fcknrei, ih:iT wovid have bcro 
efttwra! enoagh io a vtfy y*iing wncer, eager to impreft bi« 
readers wiih a hr^h idci of b<i 3eq u j re mer (a ^ and Me obfarvcd 
fboiewhii of an embamlf^d ifTc^'iion of ciocuuon, wbieb oer- 
hOUf correfpt^ndcd vrJth (hat idea. But ve were difpcH tt 
paft Ofee little defeat, and to cdn£der tbein merely ai co«* 
RMA inAancciof bimkUKinpcffeflion, fueb aa frei^uenUv Icfae 
lower th« chifi^ei of [he moft exjltetl a«ii:in|[ mankind, Wc 
Atrtfc^e pfoceetjcd to ttie body of the work iiklf, not doabting 
fc«f ihir wc fhoikld ibpif lind abunij^nl conpcnrilion liM ibe 
Aighi ehiek wr h^d met wjifi at the ouil>r. AeeordfOtly, wf 
pvutccded, from p«ge (o p<«ge, wJlh tn(tfcaAng liefife lod^fcovc/ 
fbe pearl that we thougbc wa* undoiJbie<Ily concealed among 
tfocb a ^oaorily of pebblej^ til] vre arrived at the veiy cod of ibc 
work, vrirhour facing able to fi/id (he ireafufe we had been ib 
Uiiouily fearchiiig lor ) uid, in couiiir, we dokd ibe book wUb 

Wc fhould bere have elofrd dfo ovr reTiewof ihii article, did 
vc not th:nkoumUea utidtr jTi obligAtkir^ isam ibc natve of 
o«r Giic«» and il%c refpeA which we owe ro the Public, 10 givt 
fan>c fanber account of a woik offered 10 the woild by a cb»> 
fader fo rtfpeflabTe la ihit of the American Ambarador. Thr»t 
vc bof>c, wiil be admitted aa an ipcl^^y for olu extending tbJt 
irfiele to a greater Icngib tbaa wc tbink hi own iniiiofic merit 

The divrfioQi of ihjj performance ate called .^f/rr, but ibey 
bear n^ mark of ef fiolary cofrefpondence, except Ibai etery 
chapter bvgiiia wiib ** My deaf Sir,"— «nd at tbc end are ad* 
^rtfftd " iflHum Sitfh^i Smith Bf^ [" and in one pUcf, Uw 
kJtmiuif SmaA^ it called bia cofufpoudcnt'a ouxfakc 


Adient'i Di/rKi of tht Cc^hmlm tftht datttSioM Siaits, 39 j 

The ]eUei» ihcmrdics coruln a grnrrai fkeich of (he hiflorjr 
and coaQ*lvlK>n of moil <ti ihoff rtp^blici which haoc cxiilcJ oa 
thrcATib. Ircm ibc c«i1i<ft records to Ui« prtfem lloicj wtlb 
Toine Kcouni of rb? upiniont of c«rtijn cmbfnt fnen, fm ibe 
ftfbjcft of lc[til>tion and govcrnmcni. I'hc piofctlcd iatentioA 
of lil thefc dcricl>fd hilloric-al piff^ign, ii to cumb#t in opmbn 
of M- Turgoi's \ who, in his Jetitr Co L)'. Price, coafcff:» " that 
he i» Dot f»tilicO ttif b the copftitutioiu which have bithcno bwa 
formed fo tbediffertneSuitt of Acnv'ica." Obfervjog^ Chatb/ 
bmA of ihfoi the cuftooit of tn^UnJ ire tml^tcd wjihout «ii]r 

MTjWt *' the/ b4vcefl4ljlj&Gddiflercnt bodici, ftbod/of Repn- 
f^nucito, a Council, and n Governor, brcaufc there \\ In Eng- 
Uod, a HE>utc of Commons, 1 Houfe of Lordi, and a Ktag* 
^"bcy cndcavojr ii> bilince ihcfc diiftfcnt povirert, a^ if tbis 
cquUibfUim, vhicb ID LngUnd miy bt a n«o;ffiry Gbe<k CO ibc 
cDorirtoua influence of foy*iC)r, could be of tny ufc id republics 
foomltd upon rhe etjU'iUty of all (be ciia^ni, and «i if cffabiidi-. 
jjig di^crcnt urdcfa of men was not a fouiec of diviAoaiajid djf* 
pucev" Thit Loofif, Udigfitrd P'tfTjige^ the abfurdi(y of whkh 
rnighc have been as fudicJcrtl/ c-Jipcfcl to thre« tu|t^ a> in cbrcc 
tbouUnd, hat given utir Auiliof jd picicxt for pitliiig m rcTicw 
the tarioui poTiik^I jntliMiioni of ihe ditfvrtnt rcputiitca aktii<- 
tionvd Ell hiflorjr, wr(h a lirw to fliovr, ^ tb^t crrlaift h&lanttt ef 
fWitr mvji hi tjlMJM^ Of tt^fujiin ^mJ divif»m inuft U th* £ej^ 
fftvvi'tfi and t&it w^irvrr an aitffajtl lai i^un ma^t t9 thrvw mU 
ft^tr rV/« 1^ h^ndt of any ant body of tnrftt •fp^ij^*n Mi f^t^Owi 
i^fir^f* ^ Sttn ibt iittvifa^lf ttnfi^atnit^ irt/it^d if frttn^^ikUy and 
gAodordtr.* Tbii ii (be fubtlance of (be vrbutc vclumc, ard it 
daubllcf« comaiua a trucb that few pert^ns who have lufoed tbeir 
jbia tofubjeOi ofihu ItinJ will he dif^fcd lodifjMiie. BuC 
Wf wttt to faT> " wc readily admit all Cbit i we bare Jon^ 
knowo xhj^mrtitm ihtx-ki oi power aie ncctlTiry to iaf^rc Ubertjr^ 
to Chc people, and etUblifh a tricqujlljty of governoKJiti b«e 
what wc tfifb CO be »ecttr4tely bformcd of. i» — vhaC arc chafe 
f^rtr thjt will moll rffcAually aofwtf ihefe purp^rij asd faov 
iball ae^vcrnmcni be coniii(u(cd 10 obtain chem \si the ikA 
prrffA inariiict, for (rcoplc To circuirtf^anced u the AoicticiRt \* 
hot An anfwct Lo tbU qucllion, ibc reader will fearcii this vol jnie 
in vain % for, unit fa k be a few vif^uc and iiidifcjirmnatc fvraifci 
of tb« Bniijh conH^iulion (not tbe cooftttut^oa of ibc Aenericia 
Sulci), be will meet «uh nothing chat (ccma 10 bare 4 tendency 
ibii WJV- We a:e indeed rrpeatfdiy rold, thai no governmeoc 
can cxi^t but where a balance* cosMling of ihrce parCi, it pre* 
fcrted. Upon Ehii point, lilce Loid ChrAcrfirld vviifi ibeGraoeaa 
Dr. Adams ilarcllt tor eve.', 1e occura in alnoft every pagt of 
tbe book j bbit Uwayi In ^encril tcraii, wbicb comrcy qq dcfi- 

39^ A4uDs*s Difinu »/ iheC^nflitmivn tfth AmtrUan Starr, 

nitr idei to ihc inqiiifiiLve mind. Jndrcd, utiitSn it be in ihe 
parage from M. 1 urgot^ <}uot«d tbovCf ihc rt^Jer fcatccly ic- 
cfuirca any infonnatuin cmi^erniog llu cooftiiudf^n fit Uic Ame- 
rican Sl&ifs ■ nar \t he inv wticre rolil, fn i didinCl cnftnnrr, 
vrhdi ifl ihc iHiurc of thu Uritilb corrfli<urioii, Mhith, in gencrd 
terms, h field ionh lo our A^JcniiaiLon, m evci-j ^itt of tbt 

It U fcarcely poHil^le fitr ui to contrive how a m*n of Of- 

Adaou'Siparu And knc^vrled^e, fhould have bren led f o oAr » 
rtie wotjd^abook conLaJningrQman)rcon[rddi£llon» Jnila1>^urdi> 
tics as i^c meet with in this volume. He ob^cfvu (Prefjiee, p. li.) 
that ' in (q general a refiDeinenif or rather rtrotiiutio]> of m40- 
ners ind improvrment of knowledge (Tptaklng Qt fri^defa )^* 
rope), i& it not un^ccounrablv, ih^t ihc knowledge of the prin- 
ctpleS'imi conflruflion of free governments, in whirh the h>p* 
piacfj of lifct and ever^ ihe f»thcf pro^rcfj of improrcineDl is' 
educaiion and focjeiy, Iri knowledge and virtue, are fo dcrplv 
intcieftcd, Olould have (efniJrted •( a fulJ fUnd for iwo of tbree 
Lhourand yeir» ?'<— Hour ja ihii lo be rcconc:1i<d wiih the fulloW- 
tng paTl^ f'om the fame Pfef-ice, p, »iiv. f * The ti>g!ifh hftv« 
in rcilitj hicnded Cog^clhef- fhc frudil inllifuiir^v wkh th^^lc cif 
the Greeks and Romj'.* > at4 aat ^^f aU have mttfir ttvt *»hU ,tM- 
psjitanf v/hUh avsidi tbt ini9nvtrti:tuiii^ ^n<i rfiititi ihi od^onfo^n 
»/ ^sth^ AgAi'>> P' 7^< * ' '^'^ly eoDien<l that the Eriglllh co«> 
drtdtioa i». in ihcofv« the moft lluocndous fdbuc of tbc hLiOwiBt 

by moA ^ Ihv conAiiiii>on-vieade«^» in Britain, mttt ktNj ^» 
fcrcrf 40 the pvblic (bcir ibovgti;a i>i» chat ftibjc^L 

* T'hv ifnprovcmcntt CO b? mide in Ihf EngltQi ooftflittftion 
Hf pKti'ti) #q ti>i Hiitft tf C^mftftti/ [Hcft We fiml no okjcAtoa 
TO iKr h#Te'jiurjr king «nd noHJn. j ' If county oiviibu't ifcra 
oboliflutf, ftnd reprerrnitlivct proportiofl«i]j ttiJ frr^ucntlf 
clio^ in rn»«ll Jijlfid), and t( no cjndidacc could be cl)oAii 
but Ml cftiHilhcd loH£ ^iJod iotvibiunt orihA«dUlriCf, it would 
be ivtpofible la conupi tlkc pcojtlc of England, »nd ihe Hoyfti 
of Co<nn»on» mij^ht bt *ii »Jviir>o't<l jEUkfdiio of the lutioMl 
liberty, InA^W 0^ ^w'jcQ* co jbol>11i Kiik£« tnA LoiJi, i/ the 
Houff oF Commor^t bjid bctn ;irLf nJtd lo, wild wjf« wooJd itoc 
bttve b«n cfijc*^d in^ nor c^rnckr* millioni cbrown nvty^ mr 

'J9kiftiim,' Thoic *b9harercl^l««i4ccply on ihe fciniccof |^ 
vcfnricnf, ^nd cucJulEv lUciidrd 10 fids ufill no doubl ffnilo 
at the faogoine eit|>cdaiionf of thri fpceglttive leforowr. Thcf 
know tb4t pcrMlion in bcimaa AfTiiiri cuinat be tbiu eiiily «• 

The gmtchjtSi thtt Dr. Adimi coatendifor.throujfbout til 
ihii wort, h rhi? n^critvy of a b^Urice of povrrri in etrery go- 
vemiDcm. ' ii rtttyt Ta/i be (p. S;^* * be Uid down a* » aoi* 
wrfil maiiir, thai every gnvcmmeai thu h» rot throe ind«- 
pen<)cot brvi«hei in it» J^f^^^irur'^ wJt ^n become an «blbiiito 
monarchy i or an airogini ncbiliiy, incrcarmjE every d4y In % 
raj^ For fplendor ard magnificence, will annihiJait tfae people, 
and attended wi(^ ihcir hoffcf* bvandi, tid vai!»1*, wrll run 
down iHe Kine 3> they would bunt t detr^ wjfhing fo« nocbirig 
fo much 1) to be ia at t^: deiih.' The Umc knttintm t> con- 
tinukJIy rc;>c»(f^ in thh volume* Tt>e bolincer, ib& hihnce*, 
art pcrpnu4[|y rvngc in o-jr cjtn ; b«t ip all ibc conll<linioji« 
here piiTed in revifw brfme the rc^er, tbofe nf Ancttca and 
EncUnJ net cxcvpirsi, rh^re it not |Eir=n a dillin£4 nccounc of 
cbc rf/sl bi'uncwx fut^'^n of :iav ftiiir^ or tbc p^riicnJarE in 
which ihn b4]incv ci nf li^. I ha folloMmg iccount of a ba<- 
lanco of puwrr, if i'. 4urs not initiuA, aiay it icall caUitain the 
9Ga4cf : i< ocvu'* in p- 100. 

' Tbe true mriniiifr of a biUrce of pavi-«r is Stil conceived 
^by eOol«deri(»D whAt U< n>rurc of a bH'^n'e h«, Ji rupjVirea 
jBIo^m [hi(»gv; Iii0, the pott whTch i« betd, to^tbcr wKb ibe 
band i>Jt hi^idft tt ; ind ib^n t^^ two fealr*, wiiK whirr^^r if 
w«i|tb<d ibercii«. in > Hue witbm i-r?if the ttlonec multbe 
^llrid bf a [hrrd bjnid^ wUa it ta dcti ihe rcmamini; power 
f^v. W»t rcnttfUmr powrr?) w;th tbo vimoft exa^atlv laio 
tnr Jr«cr4i icatci. Tbc t^Lnca my . be hz'M by tbc »Takcft« 
WHO b> iir»9ddrci]p remotin;: ttttv tiibtt fcitc uid addii^j- b4> 
owof 04/ iccp tbc Ictk* duly potftd, ice' ita Qiacc <.<^^^^i 

3^S AJimri DffhfettfikCtftJfitkijfntfthiJmmijrt Sialfu 

Irooi thit fjindful «niIo;:}} with our Author, Mrrr b«Tincjn( 
ipovrert, and neither siorc nor Ms, jmlwiys nccvfTir^r j but »ho 
3lo<fl not krvow, thai not only /Arw, but ikirty^ of ihrce bufKiied, 
different polliicil puwcn, aity pcil^bljr be (o biUocrd at to he 
kffpt &m and 1t»dy f E*en iti ihe SriiiOi confijlutton, to whi^ti 
be foofun rtfci), the bjJancinjE powers though rtom'ittiWy tirtt 
Vnly, vi%- Kin^. Ix^rdf, »d Cooiffiont (by which lafl tens it 
o>fant tf>c lovr<r hocfeoFpftflUmcni), t^i in KilitycoofiftTir- 
tuitTy of four powcfi, in a1) q^efltoni ct greai impomDce tt 
Icit^i wher« ibf gffit body of the people i^hc a p*n, uid bj 
their induencc hare a power logtvea tJccidedadviriiBjcc ro what- 
ever party they (hall ffpoure-^Thit wat fioaly ill^flraied rKiV 
lon^ agOt when ihc King and the Upper Ilcufe ppp^fcd rbcwifl 
of the Houfe of Cocnmont— when by a greit majority of ikeir 
own body, itififlcd on cUioiing a pricilcgc which tlic nation at 
large thou^br they wttc not rntiflfd lo exercjfe: ind though 
the King ind th< Lor<f» tnuD of nccilEty, on ihii occ^lioci, bv^e 
f iven up the contell, but for the almuH urinimi^m fuppon of 
the natioot yei by meart of that fupport they obiaine<i a con- 
pUlt \'t£toryt and the Coujinuni were ijbfijj;etJ to yield. 

In a hundred placea, pcrhipjt, of thii worl:, Dr. Adaua reprata, 
that liberty cm only cx^It in a f^aic where there arc thiee ifide- 
pendent b^Ijtnein^' (><twm ; and in at many pl*c« be cirpfainf 
wHal contlittttei, in hia opinion* the nreelhry IriJfpcnJcnce oif 
therr powrn, v!%. ihe heintf pcjfkfT'-J, eirh of them, cf a nrgft* 
live %otce vr;ih rtgitd to the enidmg of lawi. Thii cvrcun* 
fiance alone he ihiokv entirely futlicirnt to anfwer all the put* 
pofea of a perfe^ batince. In coororinity with tbi» fdea* iiJk- 
ia^r of Rome, he obTervci, p. 3^$, thaE * if the Confuli bid brrn 
ptjiTtSed of a neg^lire in the JegjUilurr, and of all ihe e»eutiTe 
Auihofiiy, and ihc fenaic and i^oplc tiad been made equal and 
iadrpcndfat in the 6rO eftibEifSment of the conimonwei[rh, ii 
;biivpofiblc for any man to prove ihai ih< rcpabltc would not 
hi«e rcMQAWrd in vigour and in glory ai ihif hour/ Tbii will 
ieadily be granftd ; bi»t we b«pc h« Will not be able to dci>y« 
thiL, alihou^haJI tbefe regialailonahai b^encAabllJhedt it would 
bf equally iiv^f^^^t ft* *fy m^T U frnjf ti^ri iht rrftiktit wmid 
ifftv nmaineJ iw vijtur axJ i/i gltry at tUi l^ur* 1'bc fifk ii, th*c 
all ibefe rrutiUiiod^ ought have taken pUce, and the tepubJiG 
■kMt notwitfcftaaidiflghave bccnofOioftcrduftiioa than itwaai 
-fcrlKto* any thing drcifire on thia l^bjcA can be fiid, a great 
Oiaoy eitCHOiftaftcea mad be attended to ihat he bai ovrHoohed. 
A piripcutai otder of oien in ibc iUu may be Buihoctfed J7 i^ 
l'«»«V^/fi.fiM CO have a negative on all >aa of Jti^iflation, aod y«< 
;ttay be fo circucitf^^exC^d «5 oeier lo be able 10 exncife ihac 
rer, Thi» it, in fid, very nearly the <ak tB Britain, at thi« 
re&m m«ttciil| for tb^gh the Kiog baa doubikii a fitU tighc 



AdlBi'i Difinc* oftht Can^Uutim tfiht Jm/ritsm Statti, 399 

lo nc^Alitc ftuy Ukiw, yrt wbcn dd h< rxcrcife ibttpowfr ? And 
iti faovr few cafet couid be do a with cfl«£k, howerci difp^kM 
to do ib? Tbofc ibcKforc who rcprrfoit thti as the dif- 
crrntJn&tifig feature, and p«cu)iir mark of cxcrUtACt in Hi* 
firililb conflituijon, look no faithcr thin the furfice* utd on 
give CO OCAnt no prop'*: tdra cither of \h f xccTlei^rir« or d^ft£t%. 
Thit* we irc (otiy to fay, it the c*fc wiih our Authc^t -, (ot he 
do^ nOC «vi'/, in the courft of thti wort, ihit we could oVefrv 
^>iid «c h4vt ftad it all with cik), fo much ai loiicfa at ibe kul- 
Jng fpnng« whkh conftitutcd the concealed though rtal balioccef 
power in tnj of ihofe l>atn whole revoluticna h« ittiiei. Had 
the book been wniien by « youlli^ with i view to obiaio (ante 
ftcidemicjl pni?, we fhould hive faid it aiForded indiononrcf 
■n J^jvc mind that gave hopei of fiHtire ACqturccDcoti ; b«l ihac 
the }ouii^ mm, too eiger 10 difrovrf c^-c extent of hit re^tnct 
bad cuelcNy adopteti iomc coafufcd noiiom of gorerneicait 
aad haflily (kimmed cHe furface of the fub)rd, without having 
llkrn time deliberately to iavefli^tte paniculin, and fjft the 
mailer to the Exittom. Thb we fiiould, in lirtn tajt^ have faad, 
fiut wa ctnnot bring ourfelret to think that a man of Dr. 
Adami'i known ahiiiuea could poffibly he la the fame predica- 
ment i for which reifon we conclude thai he muf^ hive foire 
point 10 carrv, fomc obje^ in view* bcf'ond ihc Ailtnirc, wJtb 
Whidl we are not aci^uainiedt and that he hai been fenSble chat 
A book of lh« nature of thia which now Jiet before ut^ ii wdl 
cakulaiid to anfwer his purpofe. It nay inderd aoiufe the Jg> 
pocantt it mxy mideid the unwafy, but it neither ca« iafona 
nor cii;cti^ii ibe philofophcrt nor tbe mas of tetlen. 

We Mc the mote confer mcd in our opinion, hy ohfervlng, 
that, in ibc Iciief which hccniidct cMtthtfiMf there uc fcencper- 
tJneni and ju^LCioua remark* on the bad coa fcq < c« ie<i thai muft 
be expected to rcfjlt from authorising ■ popular tSctn^ly to no-* 
intnate o^eera ia a Aate. Thefv rcmatka are evideniJjr dictated 
^r tP''^ ^'^ "^^ attentive obferration ; which fati^ea ut it 
Wnx not (torn inabitiiy in the Auihar, that ihc ttSt of bia book 
coobfla of miieriali fo excerdin^!)' d^ffereoi fjom thii part. 

It would give lit ^leac plcafure to fee fomc judicious treilllc^ 
tket the futje^t of govetnmentt pecnltirjy caku)«fed for the fituw 
lion anti ciicunifliitcca cf the Americana, bj a min of fueh In- 
fluence A'tiong ihcm at might induce ihein to adopt fome pra^^ 
cable plan t foe It palm ui to fee a ncimcroui people, once oHf 
fdlow fijbjfflt, flill otir fellow ChrillUni, and who [weiruA] 
Will Jon^ ccr^linue our crjmenereid friend), involved m diftrt£c« 
from whrch ilvff cifkJcnEl^ knuw not huw to caiiicate (hem- 
U{*cu We hoped that ihii it^if^ht have been th^ bo«k, and w% 
ngict cjiccedmgly thai we have been fo much cijiapimjatcd. 

-^' f 469 J 

Art. VI. Sirmitjri tn tht CM/Him FUSrint, u rtcwwd hy iSe 
di^crcDt DciiDm»i]BUoi!ifi of CJhrJlbant : ta which ite addled, iftt- 
jnous on iht Snuriry and Htppincfi of « n^rluoua Ct^urlf, on tht 
Goodncfs of God. jiofi on iKb Rcfurrr^iau of Lh^mtqi, B^ 
RicKard Price. D-D- K. R. S- and TcWow pf Uie American 

Boftrdj. Cffdeli. J767. 

EXPERIENCfe:, a flaw Imt fure Pr^cepv.r, bii vlrculy 
Uughr tntfjklnd many wiluabli! IcJVjj» ; diuon^ vhich, tM\t 
of Che moll JmporCirir, If, thifiitj tf pt^fti^tivtt. Another kflbAr 
which this patient Inftrjflor ba& rW rrun) a^cfl brcn ini:i>1cir»rf, 
buE which th? world ft^mic eKcerdrngly I^ATh ig l»in, 19, f^atfr- 
fjofituhUrtifi ef lUfhgUal difputaMn, The t~ubilihe*of tbArtA 
metaphyljca, which have eirrcifed i*ir ingtnuiry nf philokifihw* 
and fchoolmcfit from ihc ^4jft of P^tha^^ufav, art.- inoced %i Uft 
foi^nd la bf fo foreign from all (he pjipctci of life, thai imu- 
vrihltindiDgfomeUicauempts 10 revive thtm, ibfy >r«inaMr 
Wdv lo be conligiinl to oblivion ; we Ih^lL picbublv htA\ ttfj 
liitle moieof (he TAH npaXH cif Arnlti^rl^f, and Jhall, ii» fw- 
turct be fcidom diflufbcd with difpuu^i 10 dcvcrmtne vbHhrr 
tioiv^lfilfi are teal, or xnfrtiy nominal, L*iititie>, but fhe fvp*- 
ricncc of near iwo thourfti^d ycafs duiir^ which time iticoW 
gians hsvr bern con!mdir}(£ wirh eich uihcr toiiretring pofurs 
of faith* without havin« t^tt been able 10 brinfr the coftteft C0 1 

PfjceV Strmtns on tht Chriftian D§£irini^ &C: 401 

In xht QkMn time, ir may be reafc^Dably expend, ihar the ac« 
cumulated cxpcricacc of difficulty and eaibHrralTinrnl in coi>iro-» 
vcriios of tbii nature, will teach aJI parties the ufeful leQba of 
Dioderatioo, and lead them to consider nothing as cflenciAl, or 
even u greatly important, in ChriAianJtr> but ihofe generit 
Cruthfl, in which all Chriftjant ire and muH be agreed. 

Wc have brcn led into ihefe r?11;£lion9 by the truly liberal 
and philofophicat fentiments which we have met with in the fifft 
dircourfe of the volume now before ni \ in which Dr. P^icc af> 
fertit and maintain* at large, ■ that Ohriftiani of all parti»« 
kowevef they may cenfure one another, or whatever oppoGrioa 
there may Jeem to be in their opi^^oi, are agreed in all that ia 
eflenrial to Chfiftianity, and wiih refped to a\\ the informatioa 
which it ia ita principal defign to commitnicaic/ After Haling, 
in piain terms, tbofe dodrinei and fa^a of Chriftjaoity which all 
Chriftiini believe — fucb a> the being, pcrfefkions, and provi- 
dence of God; thedivine miflion of CbriH, confirmed by hia 
miraclea and refutrfc3i<in ; and the enda of hia miffiou, 10 teach 
men their duty* and iHurc ihem of the pardon of Hn aod ecetnal 

' Thia ii (he fum and rgbQance of iheGofpel; and, alfo, thff 
fum and fubHance'of ill that Qioald intcrcfl human bfingj. Tho 
evidence for ii which the GofpeJ giv», removes all doubci about it ; 
aad h fuRiciene, whcdter we believe any thing clfc or not, to carry 
*Di (if virtuous) with triumph through this world. What then fig- 
nify the diffcfeoces among ChriAians about other points^ Or of 
what con feq lien ce is it that they have different ways of explaining 
thi« point iiferf? Give me but the faft that ChriJt is the rejumaiam 
ftnd the liftj and explain it as you will. Give me but this fingle 
truth, that ET£itMAL L1P2 Is lift gift of Ced ihrtMgh Jefm Cbrifi 
mir Ltrd and Savhvr, and 1 [bill be perft^C^ly eafy wiili rcJpeifk to the 
Voatrary opinions which are entertained about the dignity of Chrifl ^ 
flboui hi> nature, perfon, andoBiccs; and the m^ Ajrfr in which he 
Javei us. Cail him, if yoo plcafe, TnipLy a man endowed with extra- 
Ordinary powers ; or call him a fupcr-angelic being who appeared iiL 
buoian nature for the purpofe cf accomplilhing our falvation ; or fay 
(if you can admit a thought fo fhockingly abJurd] that it w» the 
Jccond of three co-equal perfoui in the Godhead forming one perfon 
with a human foul that cutne down from heaven and fufered and 
died on the crofs : (^y that he favei us merely by being a melTenger 
from God to reveal 10 ua eternal lifct and 10 confer it upon us ; or 
fay, on the contrary, that he not only tt'Vtali to us eternal Jifir, 
Afld confers it upon us, but has o&rainrdit for us by ofirring himfelf 
% propitJainry facriRce on the crofs, and makjing fatisfa^ftion to the 
jdiSice of the Deiiy for our fins : I fball think fu^U differences of 
little moment, provided the fi^ is allowed, ihai ChrUl did rife lion\ 
the dead and wUi raifc ui from the dead ; and that alt righteous pe- 
nitents wjll, through God's grace in him, be accepted and made 
]iappy for ever/ 

R£V, Miyp 1787, Ec Dr* 

Dr. Price then proceeds to Ibcw* diflin£l!y, wirh rtfpcA to ihtf 
chief point! of controvcrfy among (JhriOianB, thm ii taniKit be 
of fundatncntfll impott^ncc vbat aita believe cofkccrning (hcffl | 
and FoDcludt^ with raying, ihai ihcro it biit otic ihing fuiid** 
mcpial, and ihac n, an hontji mind 

Aficr having clfiblifhcJ this lirpartanc and ulcFuI do^irrC, 
thf Author, in r«o rfifcourrei, brtcfly flares the leading t«nctt 
or Alhanafianjfm or Calviniftn, and oF Socinitnifm, ind gfvei 
hi^ r^iloni for rfjfding borh. In ihf ^l^ and 5Th dircourfn htf 
ifatrs and defends the Anan doctrine concerning ihc pre-rxift- 
rncc and drgniiy of Ctirit), and ronccrntng ihc naiufC of hil 
office aa Siviour of ihc wofld. The reprercntalion la^ on the 
whole, given with Tairncft and imp^rlialiEy. 

The Turn of what Dr. Price ha& advanced in deFcnee or ific 
Ariaii doflrine concerning ihc pcrfor of Chrifl ia thie ; ilui it 
is probibte there are belnge of a fuperiof order Co man'— that we 
may conclude Chrift Co have been fuch a bring, frocn bif mir^ 
culoua conccpiion, from hi» immacutite chaj;i^er, from ihc 
unparalleled wifdom of his dodrin'', from the e£cacy afcribed 
to hi» dcAih, ffcm his ro'sfin^ hiff'/ilf from ihc dead^ froti 
the texti of Scripture which fpeaJc of him at God's rninU 
iter in crcatirg the world, or coming down f(om heaven, hum- 
bling himlejf, hic. :ind from his being appotnttd EO JLidge ihe 
world, and exalted to honours, Co which his meritj cooiidcicd aa 

a m»rv in 

3n ivi« mhAtlir Ini^mtisi 

*itct*i S^mini f» tU Chriflion D^Grlnt^ Ice, 

tlain bi^ri on tIeW 5d« viTl be nftdv toallow, but which, if 
idcDJtced, vonld go t ^teai wit lowiti inBrhilatin^ th« difpuiti 
bcrwMfl ihe coAicndrrg panic*- A* rvery fiir cJtpc^Etnt f*>r 
thfi pufpofc ought to be Int^, vc Aul) bj btfore our Rriders 

' 1 woLjTd point out to your notice a pari'^uf*r raindi^nc^ b«- 
l*tc» ^M'Wdivj^ and ihr high TfMtmriam Jcs^trtnt. Vou witi Jind, 
Upon rrtleetion, [h4t ihcr? cjiehoi be ji more rtftn'Miblc -iiknODCC of 
ft uiEC obr?^bauLjn. " (h«i ciirmr* arc £pt I9 nkf et. '* Accoriifig 
10 LhoX/6a«f^A4do^rinr, ih:ic 7^/^* «howH« borua' 4 vW:t, m^o 
t>J«d on the troll, tnd who r^fv OM^in, nai lirn^ly a rpivi /.<;hr [> lU 
our want! I lo^ tiibjcit (□ ill our inltriniiiri jud iuff«tiie> i it !■ im- 
poEEMc that Acy one who hit the ufc of hiA rctr^n dinvU bclure 
ih«t Oob «*K> boiD. and ruffrrnl, ind bled. ATrd diod. Thii wa» 
trtf« ocl^ ofihe mm Ji^fui. Thr fcmnrv ii It^d Itofkiig to Sf ct-rn 
Inaginvj j cor U ii ¥lT>rrfd bj* ih# &LlTOcat#i o^ fhe proper p«iE> of 
Jer«i Chh^l. Whaf Ihey by ii, <hsl though Chfifl ««j ^ttry m^it, 
ytv he «««> alfo titry Cui; and wh,;n th^ fif he waa-wr^ GW th*T 
do not mem eElh he ioit fit» nature » a man by a c<]ii>'i£on of IC 
InfO the fublUar* (if ihf Drtty Cihti ilff} twing ari jhfirrdiiy toogroft 
to be admitred by jny human mind), but ihnc ihrrmti an tpic* t>^- 
tvnn It and th« Dtvim nniur^ ntiich g^ve vilue and efhcac)' to the 
fflfcrJECt of the maAi The JicrVd-ti lay mueh the f*me ^ for dc;r 
fiy. ibit Gnd dwelt in Jefiii, And a£led uiJ fpokc by him ; anii thu 
there wai fuch an pKETioidini ry toniniunicttion cf Divine inflaenee 
ro him ai ttiitA liL(ti ihoi-r orhrr monili and f^ d^red him properly 
tjji^ «v(/d», tti4i ill (jod jnantffilinj; himfelf to m anJ difpliyinj 
hu po^ti and perfrAion^ on e-arth in itic pcffon, difcoarfo, and lai* 
fideaofChrifti The aditjcaiei of iW jtiMu^aJt do^'use cannot 
incAa more rh^o ihii by the weiM they talk af be^uwefi God tud 
ClLriil. Tti«ycill it if deed an union of civo nature) into ore perfon t 
An union wUah made the Ci./^ea^ aod th^juv^M^one compfex fob- 
}t€t of i^ion acid ptfCion. Bui ifiii h a lax^ait lo tt^HI<h eSry can- 
not poOibly A;i any idea) ; for. vhneier they niiiv pretend, cbcy 
cannOiT rrjiJy ^eTlcv^ thiT ^vrji ;«o n^nir^i, much Irli r^-O narurr^ To 
eafeotiiJly <lt5rFent ii the hnmin and Divine, cin ntiJte tmt perfon ^ 
or ihit lhcr« c-JktId have been fuch an irnioo becwoea Jeft» and the 
Supreme Deity at lo make it Jlriflly troe, that when Jf/tj #u bora, 
GfJ horn ; or ihtl witcii j^'/bj wai ciu^'iticd, Oo^ wfti frucilieJ. 
They ai* no moie capable cf beliririrg :hii ihm <hc P^ptHi. *heft 
Iher miioidin crnafubflanLiAitoo, are capable of brl>cttng that ihf 
boif of Cbri^ may becJiien atone and Ehe Uin« hme iaa tarlJion of 

Cluti, or that Chrift ac hii lafl fuppei r^illy hcU lii» body in hia 
aaii and f^irt it ro hii ApcHIci. Ai fjr, nitrefbrc, ai TVmVd'/avi 
Ud SmttiMmi hava ide^aa, rhey arra^rroj oh ihia fghjp^ ; and ih^uir 
tbey titvt been diuntaiaing igainfl one toot^r hai been ctitirely % 
war of AevQi/ 

ThoIc wha are acquaiatcd wilh the reprefenlatjon vrblch the 
Ififeoiout Auibof of fSt i>.er,A «»/r*r Mi/wr* ha« gii^a of :ha 
4o^rire of ihc Trioity* will be ivrjrr, ibjit the idea Haritj Itk 
ith ptTjfe h not altogctber hypotbttki^. It i\.te \ v^^SJSk^^ 


404- PriceV Sitm^ns en th§ Chrlfiian VoUrin^t &e. *'^H 

U M furf?/ high liit)e to have il one with a logomachy whied 
has occafioncd fo much mifcbicf in Ihe world* 

One inlcj'ence, however, a/ifci from thia compa'"*ii*'e vxcvr of 
ihc Athanafun and Soclnian du£tfiiie, of which our Author 
does not ffcm lo have been aware, wh^ch i^, ibac iF the i\C- 
|juic between the parties be cjuircly a tLtr oftu^rtJi, xh<if ate 
agreed in meaning. Confequently, when the Triniiarijt* i*o(- 
fhip? God (be Sojit the Redeemer of the world, t^j /or at ht hai 
any fV/^j, he worfbips the one true God aj ujiited to thr mm 
ChrJit Jefus for the purpofc* of redemption. The chargr, 
rhcreforr, which hav often been ^broughT agiinft the TnnJia- 
rtan^t and which we ^r^ forry to find lepeaicd frt this Woikt 
that in their praji^is to three pcrf^in^ in one God they ate guilty 
cf idolau-y, li, upon our Author's own principfe? as quoted 
abcvc, whaJI/ wilbouL foun^^tiuE). Ii mufi, nc^^enhclefst be 
acknowledged, ihit the tnetiphyflcd icfins, bcrrowed from thu 
fohoob, by whieh our public. forms of religion ire obfcurcd, 
wh^TF^rcr purpofc ihcy may formerly have fervrd, are ai prcfcnt 
of Jjicle tife. F(7f this rcafon, although we can by no mearv 
adopt our Author'^ Inconclufive mode of arguing, from the de- 
feft^ of pafl or prefent efiablifhmentf, againCt the propriety of 
religious eilahlifhmcctii in gcocraT, wc heartily wiihi thjl the 
Spirit of Kfofmatjoo and imp'ovecneiit, which is at ptefent fo 
]auddb]y called forth in other refpc£)s, may be extended to the ' 

Hunrci*f Oifirvtititni antrrtain Parts tfiht 4nimai0i^^nsti^. 405 

Ciy*, Dr. Wjtia ftciMt ifict fpcnding intny jrcaxt in perplexing 
inquirid* ifjd lakm^ much ftklni to keep within the ltmii> of 
the dodrmei commoDlf- reck9u«l crtHodox. Thu opinion, Dr* 
PtfU-*" nhfrf 'n, • igrm wifh ArUnirm in ihe^ranj^ dof^rfiic— • 
» Dr. W^tti c>ll> it^of a TiittcrroLD Deny, &c.' But tM 
pjirif;r. It fccmi, ditJuM bivc been piuilcd ifiub; *U ^rccs 
vr^ih AfianiOn in rcjcctivc \^ fir^ngt de&x\ut^ fee. See 
more f>f tfab^ in our l^il Rciicvr^ p, 364. 


8)^ John Huht4r. ^to. 161, Bcordi. Sold a£ No. I), CiAIc ;>Lr«l, 

MR. Hunrrr hn hm jtiveci ub > {yitl^fiinc of irftAft ofi *a- 
liouB fubjcdit mott of wbicb h^^c tihcady appeared, at 
diiTcfrnt limff, in ihc Philof^ phtcil Trsnri^ion« erf ihv Royal 
Society; chofr p«pcn, ihcrcforc, which «k hiT« noir«e4 in n* 
vicnrin^r the wciikt of ih^t fcirnfd body, wc Ibill now barely 
«nufT^cf^te( but vra (h«U examine, in x (core panicuUi m&nner^ 
tbc piccci whicb Afc now fifll muJ? publjc. 

Ihe firft it, A DtfirifnUn $f tht SitwrtUn tf thi T^U ik tU 
F4Hait tvitl III Difotnt Jvt9 thr S^rctai^. 'I'hti ii ■ ra£»j«el whicb 
moil anjiiomillv and phyfiologiftv have (Mj ireiifd, Mr. Huntee 
14 BCcitrtLv tn hi« dffcnption ( but )m doe« not giT« any rtevr 
tkougJiii cnnccrnjng ibc oianncr how, or iKe nnfvn why, iba 
ckaci£c happrna. 

Tfcc Iccopd i9. Or fht Giandt JUuatid itttvttit iht ReHun t9d 
ShdiiTy ttUtd 9^ijktila Stairakt. Here we meci vt\ih a ncvr 
b)po(h<fit, tfTE. ihic ih< c'^^-ir^ ftw^in^Us do not cont^n ihe 
fi»bif«nee nrhLCh pxeceding wric^rv on anatomy have a!)c<tfit 
to lkc0ka Mr* Huntcr'a cocjcfiure would, perhapt, have had 
snore of ibt appearance of probabviiiv, coulj he biw proved iZw 
r«a! ufc <rf thefc orgs^* We mult nevertbckfa acknowlfd^ 
the pmc ingenuity of tZhC «u40u)illt alt^ouj^b we doubt hi| 

III. Am Aiitmti §/ tU Fru Martin^ Sec Review, vol. \x\\. 
p. ftit, 

IV. Alt AtiHMi tf M txtratrJiitarj Ph^/iut* See Rcriew^ 
90l. Uiv, p. 17&. 

V, Oiv t&rf C^oY afHiorini in fiJSa, Sec Rev. vt>l. txix. 

P^ J95- 

VI, An Autuni 9f ttruv9 RHtpt^ia ^ Jir in Bintt ^o^kb tua* 
manitatt Hfifh fir £*«/; ourf i:i}A«c6T2^ Taftr. Sre Rev- tuI, li. 
p. 376* Considerable additioilt Ium been m»dc to this pftpcr 
fiiicc iia former publicatton* 

^in£ Ht^u See Rev. vqI. Iv. p. no. 

J -41 


WW. ?r». 

4o6 Hvnitt'j Qi/irvaiiw*ifffrt^Pa^rfi^AMi«MOi<tmmjf» 

VIII. Pr^jaUfir th* JUtwrj ^ Ptfjtn% ^p^tm^y dnwmti* 
S« Rev v-il. Itii, p. 1. 

IX, On rW -^rr-A^iP'f if ihi PUtinta. Thit paptr vm r«id «t 
the Rov'l Society ; ^ui u the fft^ls II conltifu hi^t before ik^t 
Cimv, K««n given to the PobUc, >< vru not publifbcd in ttie 

lbrbi*iA|£ idftL^mich fir^i^T^r <o the gixvud «f towlit^nd it con* 
monlv culled iht Gh-zard trotfi^ Src Rev. vol. Vu p- ^76. 

XI- 0^ l>i^tjfi*n. rn 1773, Mr. Hitftur publtHicdt in tKc 
6td voltrmc ?^' the Ptiilofopbicjl Tr^nftdLOrif, a p^p^'t Ov tht 
i>iifjfitn §f ihi hMnatb ^itr Dftih* . U it htre republilhr^, 
%rah « verjr ]onf cniiquc on the fdnciptl cxpcrisicnifra w^9 
hjvr hid thf pfrriimp<ion t^ roicr ihr lamf IkM of tfAdairy* 
I^r. Hu>;<rr ^», accordingly, bcAdwcd Tonic Urert ftrkdkttrci 
en Rtiutnur^ Spillin^jm, Vtlhrnrrl, Srnnebf«r, and oiIkti* 
T'hc conccmptJou« minner in which Mr. iiunl«r fpvik* of kif 
fdlow-Eibourcri m ihii phyrioto^icil enquiry, \\ in our opinion 
/oiivwh»t rcpr^henfible. Mvniioning, far inHanct?, the opinion 
tSaf ^igcilion wdi ^Krformcd by mecihsnic^ ot chcmkjl power*, 
hr r»vi, ■ WP hitff fiO vffy hig^i irtea t\t exptr.mrfM* oiMle hy 

{fXtUm4n tfid ^rf^r 1, who for want of anatomicil knowlrd^r, 
a*e nf« been ablr to purfue thrrr reaToning creii bej'oad Iho 
lifnpte expciment iifelf/ p. 14?. Mr. Hunter o<igbt to recoU 
\t€\t that wc arc indebted Eo gtntUmtn and p'itjh, ai be Calla 
Iherti^ lor the moft brilliant dikovcrui of the pfefTDE «;{« \ wj|* 
tier* ih^fc of a WiffoTit A Cavcndifb. a KLfwan, a rricftlej, < 
X^ivi-Pilier, tit. Aad lh{>u;^h SpilUnEici aiid ^nne^irr arr^ un- 
forium tjy for iKafr^ ih Mr. H^inici'f opinion, ^itjjt, and nor 
Ilia rquatt in anaiom:caJ knowledge, yvt ih^y arc on* ipparfnily 

^jnore dvfictent in ammw/, th«n Mr. H. baa proved bimTdf to bo 
in MtaAtr frwncr (ebimifirf}^ wbich i» noi a leh ncctS^uy i^aall* 

'ficatioii ici t'^jflum^ ir<|ukrie* m ifi^r^iitit than anaiomy. His 
Jl^nufaace of cheinfttv » ficctueii[ly bcif#yvd Ju ihii drllcfution. 
ff : iriaLnuini, for mAarvce, Ibat ihe facca of anirr^aU f^d on v>t- 

^eu^lr f'od« vrili probab y dvirg fcraient>t>Oa aifbfd Axed atri 
nntl cif aii^trjt* fed on antmat food, Jnflarnrtiabtr air, ffad Mr, 
IJjnicr been tolerabJjp ioformed, be would have known iba< pa- 

lirid matrrr, whether anima) or vegc4Able| aSbrds fkUfiJH^Ud 
And tipstk^ ai well at /r#iair. 

In [be fbilowing paf«giiph Mr. Hunfcr difcovcr) bia otnp 

Ugnarinc* of a well aicffuincd fafi, nAfn«1f, fbe eaaipofit»ort of 

' or thai pxptr ov }tead«n will lad a long aececai >■ ih« 501^ 

i^Volume of oar Rtiirv, p xHo, ^/f- 

f Frem (biapa^Qigc, we may lafai that Nf^ 11^ doti tiotcii*re to 
mk«itb^nrn«ib 4c.-4 ^ vsvcnomiuiiJI at lutL 


Huntcr'i Olfirv^i^ni en trrtah Parts 9ftht AalmalOti^nomy. 407 

bonr. * Although bone*,' (vft be, * arc in p^ri compofcd. of 
■ nimal fubilinc-e-, and «rc fo Itt dift^Aiblc, yri ihty rvquirr 
ftrongcrpavrert of digeftir^rt Ihtn commfin meir, Irom the ><ti- 
oial I'ubAiiicc bcin{; ^u^rdrd bv ihc»r(b. Thut the «nirtiAl 
put of i Ijonc ii Irf* mdiEy fcJubW in an fllk»1i itiin flffl)| or 
even the anitnil put vph«n drpn<c«l of ill carih i>y in ici<t : nor 
wit) 1 bone fjbmiE (o puirtfi^ion To rf«4ilf ai mcsr, belo^ 
gvtrd«d by rbe Cikareou!) cirth/ It it elur that Mr. H^ docs 
f>oi hnovr thai barr it rorrip^ frcj, rti.v cf iakartoui t^rth ti\i ant" 
m^ HHltTt but oi' fhij^rattd iimt (£Ji »flhy faltj Mid animal 

Ir ii iKkt a VxtxU vxtMOfdJniry, tliit in th« ipt/tt oi 1 } ynrf, 
fdbfequcol obfcrvcri hire noi brcn able to add tticir cvk}cr>cc to 
Mr. Hufttfr's rrfticnoiiy, ihii the Aomacb hai br«o di^tAed aficr 
dcjih b) in own J L>ke. 

The tftttt of Dr. Tn^^ntiouTz and of Count ^t WMjy who 
Itarcfiid iKtt (bcrcia, dutir^j- bathins iil vmcr, in tstrit! sranfpi" 
roiitn^ it corrrded in ihii pijipr, I1 \t \itfi (hewn b^ Mr. Hun- 
ter (aj{fttably 10 Dr, Pfirion's rtijorinf; »nJ enp^nmCBta) thai 
ibc air* obfcrvcd on Ihc jVin of pcifif(r» In a <«ld b^iht (omca 
from Ihe wiier, and noi from ihe bodj- of the baihrr. 

Xn. On SftrftiM in tkt Crtp 9f hrttding Pi£icnit fir iht 
Nsurfjf^rvtni of thiir i'^vtg. Tbc young pigeon, lilcc the young 
^uidrtipcd, till cipjblc of dif^cflin^ otilatry food, 11 fed 
with a fubf^iiLCT- prrpireJ for ibaL purpn^ by ihf pairni Rnimtl^ 
not by ihe ffmile ilon^, «i in quadrupfds, bui by the alaIc ilfo, 
Hf ho perhjpi furnifho (bit fkuuimenc in predict dbtindiincc. It 
M a milky fubfltnce, ferietrd from the coiu of the crop both of 
chc ni«le aniJ female pi|;coj1| in coniificoee vid appeanncc it 
rereflible* whice grsinubfed curd. By examining fcveril pi|^rt, 
Mf- Hunter bndi ihic, during incubaiiun, the coitf of the crop 
coTilrnii>1lr inrfcifc In ihickncfs and con(iO<nte, likr the udder 
of female qii^druped* ciu:ing gcitilion. In the niiurkl ftiir, ihe 
crap it ch>[) jnd rotmbrinoust buC, ml the limc the young (ince 
arc 1 bo J 1 to be hjiehed, the whole beeomfi ihiekeocd, except 
chu pan whkh ht$ on the iracbea, and t^ke* a glandular ap- 
pearance, haviT>^ III Initfral Turfacc Irrrjcularly wiinkUd- Frota 
(hi) Uiificc the liquor ia fccictcd, a^d mofl probably foon eoa^ u- 
laiei ro » curif, which aTone rt ihe food of &t yoong pigeon for 
two 01 rhrcr ^a^i ; after ibat time it it r^xed with other oidi- 
niry foid pr^viotjfiy mic^ntcd In the crop of the old on«i : the 
feeretion Aop> at the end of the eighth or ninth dip, wtirn thv 
young pi^eoui becombg flron^r, and hariirg brcn gradually ac- 
CuRoned to eoenmon fooJ, it peas, barley, horfe^bean*^ Uc. hic 
no farihcr pccilSon for the fecreicd nutrimciitt flocc ilf own di* 

tiM faeultiet hive ac()tjlred fucb perfe^ioti at 10 bear raw or- 

wf fwtd. Tbli d Jcititlon 11 iccoapacuvi w^^^lt^ v«*:k v'^'^^^^ 
£ e 4 it^tSjttvu^^ 

jeprefenurrg the pigeon's crop in Irs natuFnl m^ in Us Ffi1atgHl~ 
dele. It 15 a cufioiis r~a£t th«< ihc pisrcni pigeon has » power ot 
difchaiginj^ ihe curd alonr^ ind ifrcrwiid^ a mjitiiTe of tbc 
cuiJ and common fou^ in Tuch piopoi tioo a» i> rcquiGu Ivr ibe 
yoting onrs. 

XIJL OnihtCtlokf »f Ihi Pigmint in tht B^t in difftrent Ami- 
taoh* In the cyca of all inimjU, (h^ clioiui^ Ctj^l ~t> ItDof With 
a Tubflance, called the p'^memum. 'l^hu, i( ii veil knoirn. it 
of J;flVrcnt colouE^ in dilicrcni animah : why it fhoiiM be io i| 
ui^trtown. iUr. Hunter hrfr deliver* fc ^rciit num W of o^fervi* 
tiotk^, or rather velalic^nA 4rf cafrf, in vhicb he has Cxiinil>c4 tbc 
cijlnur ui the pijmert, and adds Tcver^l curiout remirk» Abfwing 
huw (he colour vint^E jn dLtFcrem animal?^ and alio in difiVnMH 
fp^des of ihc Time animal. He hi« {q\it\^ (hiii Lhr pigment it 
prnerall^ oF thp colour of Ihe eye-Ufhe^, ard chat aotmili wh^in 
t)< Ijfhei arc white can fee motcdi(tini3l)F witb a fjnaJl degree of 
Jighi (ban [hofe whofe eye-l*fh«i irebJack. 0« ihia a<tiiwj** 
cajc L? related -, but Tor paaiculari wc refer lo Ihe boirk. 

The i4ih, and lift, rra£* in tbl? collrfllun i% ^ Dfft^fti^ af 
i?x Nirvtf whiihfkppiy tht Ufgan e/JmfUin£. This bciuj^ mcrcif 
V rcciul o( anaiomiL-al fa^!*, any abridgment i^fit would bcun- 
cnc^ruining, and indeed unmEcl^grbte^ wiliioui Lhe plates. 

Ai an aadLomifl, much mott b due to Ml. Hunter £ ind llu: 
nrtfenL volume clearly evinces bil great Icaowlrdge of thai Ibienee. 


■nd conlbTation to ih« comfcrii which nitaf^llv pfcfcRl chcm- 
f«J«v« CO a mind hibitoilly cofirccUni wiib th« b<iictil« Tug*- 
gtAfd by CknAun hopt. 

Tlw ^rA poem b in cdr id Hnp«, whkb brgfnt tfivi : 

■ Ffifs^ u) the Lvrctch wbofe bofcim knows no joy! 
Puetl of b^if') beyond ihr m(h of T'ltc ! 
CcloitiaJ H'>ht! thou gifE dii'Iac 

Sftcct b^lm ofGHcf ! O Aill be oitae. 
When pLiiiJ} EaroKnt, and circi aano). 
Thou only ^rifl (hcir fotcc ab^it, 
Aed gi'd (Kr ^loom whidi fhtdei ihii mof»l fl&ie. 

Though tit ?hy jnyi RfF falfp Jtni viin. 
Though inxicui chodjfhu attend thy train, 
Tbo«|;h diUppcmtnivdt mock thy Cii^ 
At^ point the v/Af to fell d<rp»ir. 
Yet 0j|I my fccret foul dull owa thy poucr. 
In fo'ritw'i bicierrfl pangi an pleaAare'i gtytfi ho«r» 

Par fron thr dit« of Rnfon*! birth 

That woftdV'Ui potter wii given, k^ 

To tailc ihc faul frooi ihcughtleri mirth 

And wlnjE iti flight tu h<jvcn ; 
N<vr piin, P*if pleamre, c^r in force deflroy. 
In every ^-xrifi icece it pDiaii to future joy/ 

Tbc fiTijt, which ire ctiieAv on m^ral uid r>mi?i»»u1 (ub* 
jrd>, ve wriutn in • p!c«fiog ityle, and io good hnf*«igc: v^ 
ihiii prefenE our ReH^ciS wUh the CulTowing txm£t frcm ths 

■ or «]l tbc ff niinrntt uf chc hfart* there b Lardlf any which 
appfiri 10 Iv Tiior« nitoral ind morr ufiivfrljit ihin graticude. One 
jnicht, iadecd, be tlmoJt iDctincid to fuppoTe it the vAtd of jnAicU, 
nther th^n of r«ibB , fmce we fee fuch Wn^ appvjinQcci of it eve.i 
in bmicF. tt^crctxr itturc i) rot pciiMtcd, griEiiudc (tam U> 
f'>llott' kirdncfi, 4s the ^ffcd folloivi ihc vsiufc In «ny cMhtr inflaece^ 
Bttf jn»oo|{ thr rrto^Rtenn of polrlhcNl lifp, the roice of nacare ia 
ofitn toppce£ed i snd undtr the fhtltirof irtinciaj auAnen. thefelf-- 
ifh ^«l1ioa> a/e iadul^od to ei»f». 

* fifltlcntfit ihc cipfcfiioaor ■ dclicjEe mind end a beaerolef^c 
ht2ft. it iju^ht at ao art lo dif^uiJe the wirt cf thcfe ^^dafiEwi : 
3&d apfi<.4r>ni;ri enlc« ptiff- cf n^ilitifi, ttlT the reaiititi thcmfelvet 
arc iLc^tfH«Jr >^^d iiJniL>fl ferj^otten. I'^fhapt if the baij ind the 
f^tj had Uifare 10 !ook int^ their o«n heAMii th^y rar^^i l;ad that 
ifary poflcffe mure g'^jl (;udlinc> tlj^n iL?; fvt^d ihcmfclTci of; 
hui ftr»iion ii tl^tf j;*ncril guidp, Rhd evra frtllie* <fid vlcei. If tfcey 
an* frf'ntonabl^, bcccme obJeAi of vaniry, ittd Xfe alKrftfd by iho^ 
who hivvnotttlv to ibMi. Vet ^Jl, le tbr midJ o> a1t thmri^ 
tionn of f^fhioft aad piejudice, the etceee due io graiiti^k >* in 
foi»; df^rec prelcncd, aid w&nt of it ia n^aoit whjch Co one KOold 
c«tr zm}ft(i^ 

* Adit 

41 D Rfmarh on ihe Fatfrprttattorr afihe Prophrry 4f Haj^^et. 

' A difpofitioii to pride, to anger, to amUilion, to iadoTrnr^t and 
jn^DV oihrr blam^able qu^jIiiIm, miy have he^n atknow}cAgtA hy 
jrany ; bur none tvtr coirclTed a difpofiiion to i(igT*litude, ind ^cr- 
hapA none ««cr was confciJUA of ie : »nd ^ec, amonjft ill the tcttn- 
pi dints made ag^inlt ihc wcr\d by ihofr wbij, bj being Oat of humour 
vitJi ibemrelvrs, fitic^ ihrjr have rcafon to be ib with tvtiy Uidjr 
vKf, [hete i« hardly bfiv one more vntvcjd) than th:ir of the ffigriiU 
ludf xhey hive met with. Nor indeed ia the complaini cobfirird 10 
fuch pcTfoni alone ; fi^r lE nuD be owned thit ev«n the bcnevaUae 
htr^n ivill fomctimei And but coo much renfoa for 11, and muQ feel 
in fame infl^iiccs what ix would wifh to conceal from 4II chc vtorld^ 
But fuch inlUncei Ihovld nm jnducf v^ to j^'cnoDnce a general cea- 
fuTE I and pirrhipt a tnnre enlarged y\t*f of mankiid might (Uevr uip 
thai ibc clF?^> Afcribed to Uiratkodc aie ofEen owing 10 focnc other 
ciufe i and thiE tbofe who make the ^Trarcfl complainit arc in faA 
rhore who Jiave the leafi rcafon for them, and have iheinfcUes gii'ett 
occilioo to that ingratitude of which they complain, hy expcAin^ 
futh returni ai they had no right to daiiri/ 

II [hcfc ElUys are not to be jitimbercd aoifvog th* mod tnU^- 
t/jinin^, ihty have aright to be ranked among the mofl instrUC* 
TJVE i and they will, doubtlefvp be liighly acceptable 10 feriottli 
rrflc^^irg, and lational reodcrBr 

•,* Theftf volumes, like feirrri! other rtf the lal» Bath puUi* 
catJon«| are printed for the btfnclit cf the General HofpittI tbcft* 

AitT. IX, R/m^rki t9 fht S!.^ot> sfEjretfr'i. ami alU OkT^r. Hthtr^ 


Xtfftarh M ilf ht^rfremUn rftht Prtfhftjtf Haggai, 

tn»kcr \t pointedlf fcvcfc on hi Lofdibip Tor omiiiioiE thfa Uft 
cUule in hit (Fjrt, and yri pidSng ii iiim bU ftrvice afrerwjtrdi 
bv in ur>m(rlhfr>^1c «pp1tc«(rcjD of it 10 hit mceiphofiril (cm^Ic. 

/ul&ll«>d while ihc 1>mp]< Po*>J i" lo whkh our Author replki, 
that, if fof ti revtr »«'> nnr could be fulfilled 4t clL He rc* 
rnindf hrm, ih^i Cbrffl J» cA]]r<I iir ^rdf, Ephrf. ii> 14. — ihtt 
cbe McStfIb w«i gcttcfiily ccpc^cd bj the imicnt Jew* to ip* 
pnr in ibe ffcord Temple 1 and thu tkrir (tefcrndAnic >gre« jn 
fiippoHrtg Hi^i^ii to hidvt mcioi ■ maiehil Temple \ thoti|;h, m 
order 10 cvaJc ihc argumcrt vthich CFiriflUn nruert h4ve drawa 
froa> i>ic defUuiMrun of Iht Itcon^ Tvinple, ihey arc ol^li^ed to 
CDofidcr llic t^ruphrcy K «;>plic4bk to a ibird, which, in ihctf 
op iniorr, 11 flrlJ 10 be conDrtt^cd for bit rvffpcjon. 

Havttig m«dc > few tdditioDftl obrefv>ti'>nft on tbe Rifftfip^ 
Dlfeoiiircp he proctedi to iheeximinjtion of Dr Hrbtnjen'a 
Letlvr on tHe Tame Tu^jrA, which b printfd amon^ the Noiei 
on BJfbop Kcwcumc'i trinfliiionof the Mmo< rrcTphen. 

After cc«Ero^rting that part of ibf Do^^r'a leafonJAg whicb 
tvfta on the atithoiLiy u^ (he Septu^i^iut, jiikJ vuntendmg that 
thii Fcinop ougbi not to bv admitted in opftornian to all the He- 
brew copx^t heobferve^i that, '^y fililai sb'u histft wiih ^kry, can- 
not be mriBi J&fffl/ i/ withfih*^ anj^^di but thxc, ^bv /^'T ^/ 
Shi Lit4 1/ tttflt fiieuld fiil ibit iHufe^ unobfcured by the cLud 
tbat arcompaiitrri it in i>ot(.imoji'* Temple, 1. t. in ihe perfon of 
Chrif}, wto wa< G^ mo^afijhd in tki fi*fi> \%\ proof of thia» 
be lenijrks, ih»t ihc f«cond Ttmplc wjt curftiTcil Ijr infrrtor in 
point of grandeur and magnificence Co fhciift ; jnd that nofueh 
tftory was cvcf /cc3 io it *» (hat vnhich appeared in Suh^cnon'a* 
\\\\ concIufLon ihcref-'^re \%^ thai ihe pfi>priecy could only be ac- 
compllfhcd by ihc gloiioji prcfciice of the promilc^ Saviour of 
the world, 

Jn repfjr to ivbai \>u H. faya of Hfod'i bu*ldin; a new 
Temple, cur Auih^r obfcrvet, ihat in 'he ffwrch which Jo* 
fcphm ptics into Htrod'j mouTh, he inticrAtca hit dcfign, not of 
fibuildcn^ the Te^p)(» but of f^]£njf anJ rtilarf^ing it; chougb 
JoTrphufc ar?erwardi Tpcraka m hii own perfon, aa if it had beta 

ia<^*jaft)r ubuiJt. Thai ihc icftiisony of the Jcwiih hiflorian, in 
rhicftft piQage, i< eiihcT falfe or mifundeif^ood, appeara plain 
to our Authcf, not only /rem tbe contradiflicn imphcti by Hc-« 
rc'd'« Tprrch, hoc frr>^n other Tnt^rfTal evidence in the account 
C^vcn of the ifanfaUicn by Jofcphui himfelf. He tbir^ika it 
FighTy impfobablc, ihac locuoin only of the uppernu)A [>utof 
the Tempfe Jbould have faJed, if (ht whole h«d been buiU new 
from the ground \ and c^iialf^ fo, that lb la^ge an cdifirr dould 
bare bc(« built ibiou^bcut Wdb fiocei of Uic f»nK dia»niioiu, 




^^ 2 EviJaict that (he Rt!atitar s/yo/rphMi cmitrmng 

or completed in fo (bort i time- He tfk', wbe^ber, t( Hi^rod 
had offered to like ddvrn rhe Tetrple, in<i ifburld ie, the Je«t 
vrould not have thought ir f^crilege lo bivc pcraiittfd htm ? Fof 
tht^fe rcafE>M, ind beraufe Jofejahoi fp^ifci of iwoTcmple^ onljr 
iT\ hifi Antiquities, tr's, thi' of Si^b^viftn, and thu which ««s 
crr£lfd under ihc decree uf Cjtus, our Author concludes ihua : 

' Lei it be proufiT, that either Jofephaii, or in^ Other wriref of 
credit, rp»ki estplidtly of the T«mp!e ai JerarHjem svhich w«i de* 
ftroy'cd b^ Titui AH i third Temple, and diifVrenc from ihut wbich 
W3d conllrufted under the ProplicL Haggir, ami it wjJl he Jbaieihine. 
But tit! ihac is done* both ChHllianA and Jew«will concinue ta <hin!c. 
34 ihey ever hi»e thotighc, d^ im'iio, that the Te<nplff dcllroved bf 
Titust was (he ver/ lame wiib thaE which wai coTtftruclfd under ibe 
decree of Cyrus, ocily innprovcd. enlarged, and beauii^ed b/ Hc^od* 
and the libcj-aHty of ihc public' 

ArT^ X. Euit/fKf thfit tht PfUrhn ttf 'Jt/tphvi, rjjj«r*j>j Hfnd't 
bai>iKg rtrw hhifl the 7'rmfit at Jttajaltm, ii ttfhtr /aIj* tw mf- 
iaUrprttei. 8vO- ^^. OxforLl pnate4 \ and fg]4 by Rivin^tcdtj 
London, 178^. 

THE Auth'kr of ihia pa-nphTet flitm the rearon of his objec- 
tion 10 J(fcfephu»'s reUiion, bitcily ihu* ; that tf hia ac- 
CDJiil, RS it 14 now inicfpretcd, be true, [he prophecy of H^g^al 
never was fulRIEcd, and is thrrcfure a filfc prophecy. Let ihic 
word gUry, he U'j^^ fignify ithai it will, whether the ptefencft 
and cFlnrir <if (vod. or filvCf and Euld. and other exi£rnal drcrvA*. 



vfbkh i^ High PitrSi covld «nitf. For ihit cxig«acy JorFpluta 
h«s oiiJc fio prAvilion. He doc« iioc evert reprcrcni ihc Jew» tt 
urging «n objr^on which fould nor but tave ctcrunrd <o ibcm, 
Ano'bcroHrOion, vur Auikc^rtHirika vqu«llr infupcr^ble, would 
have bctfij ihii Mvrod rotild produce nn auihotity for palTicif; 
dowh led (fbHilding ftTca^plf trt&t^ hy ihw ccoicund &r C:>d 
hiqifclf, ind unJtr ihc imti^td^Atc tnC[ir£iton of his Pioplici*. 
He ihfn proJo'es fwo piflVe^i from Philo, »bi<h he thmli* vt* 
tcrlj iMc<oiiciJit1cwtihthcfuppo(alo;)grantw TcmpU, Pbila, 
rpeikinf; of Calt^uU'* iDTcniion to fri tip hi» own image lo the 
Temple ai Jcrudlein, tnd <ndc4Vouriiif 10 dtflivMJe him from it, 

A^y^if ^ffff £i(T0i(, wftrds, which* foour Auihor, Utm ftronal^ 
dekriptivc of Hij^giJ*! Tci»j;lc, btit tou^ly iiiai: plica bit w He- 
rod'*: jind whfch tbcrr^^ote affufd evidence, thit tvbca Philo 
wrote, Hif^ii'x Tcniptc wm flil} ff^ndiitg. In anenhct pilTije 
of Phiio, the TeoipU it fpokcn •f >*, f£ «iip<«Mr ;^f«v» «v«tr«ir 
Mil offiltri ^TOKiAC dKi rf>jiM7fMrKii»- Our Attlhcr thiafc* 
It blft^t)' intpr^abJe that fueh Un^»>^ Qiould hive been ip* 
plJMIo a Temp^, whirh, 31 che time of PhiTo's writing, could 
not hove Sre(i finifh^d morr rhari 41 yMr», From Thrfe firciin* 
ihnees, thei>i >ad from A^Hf^pk'i tdul filfnce wi;b refptA 10 
Hetod't havir^^ rebuilt ilie Tempfe, tn bia epillie to CiliguU^* 
ffcm ibe CMhirid»AiooT and ircoofifteneiea c4 JoTephua h*oi- 
felf in bii Amiquiiitf, jnd hii HiAoiy of the JtvriQi war*^«od 
from the JanjEut^e whtch be p*jTi irto the mouih of Herod co«^ 
cer«ii>g ibc jff'iir of ihc Galdcft Figle— on iheie grou»di o«r 
Author roQcIutifrr, * (bif the hil^ornDt in hh i<co*iQi ol Heroif « 
TebnjJcmg Itie Tfmple, hii ellhc^ rxpcctjed htmrfff wJib inac* 
euracjr, of chat he bai wilfvlly ir^il defignrdij toId a dired h\ie* 
hood : fith<r that hU retalioo it net true, or fo neglfgnvfljr ci* 
prelTcd aa 10 be liable to miftnierpietaiiofiH* The p^tage of 
JoTephut ofi tphieh the grand o^jt^on ii founded to the re- 
ceived JDfrrprcution of Haggai >a as follow*: A>r>bfv tt rvr 
m^y^mtMi ^raiAivf, ^ Mtt^ntaXtf^it^ *^*f*^t '*' ajj^iv Tor ran 

Uc* The hiUorian had before latroduc^ Herod haranguing 
the Jcwa, and lellic^g ibcoi, that it wis b^s defign 10 rccnedy 
Cholb defeda m the Temple, which had bevn occalaooed by tfc4 
neceffity and fcrvitade of former tintftj ind 10 enlarge aod 
l^f Igbten it fo at to teodet it ec^oal in in dimeirfioni 10 the fitft 
Temple. Now tW dcciee of Cyru«, which authorised the buJId- . 
tn^df Higgii*f Tecrp^tr diicdcd ihil tt ftoijld be turlc ^rccifclr 
f B the fitnc tpoz iv^b the former, bjt of infedor dimcnUoni. 
Hence our Author coojc^ure^ ihn Herod cnlj «ddcd to tbc 
Jeogth and height of ibe Templet and that the wo'dv, amW 
4a( A^'uf &iuj?.ta,, rcWt i^oc to Uic [gtuidatiocift ^f IU<^%il% 

4^4 ?*' Aftstit MifttHaw^^ K" T. nrd IT, 

Te^TipIc, buc to fhofc old foundacfon* which »milrted unbuilt 
tjp')n in the grourJ-plot of Solomon's Tcrnple, 

After rhii arrrmpi to obvljitc ihc objc^inns drawn from Jo* 

fcphuf, our Author labours 10 npofc rht futility and Abfufdiir 
oF every inicpjeuciD/i of ihc paffj^ in Haggii, which cxcludci 
an immrdUte reference to Chnft, by whofr pjefi^pce in Ibe 
Temple which was thcr buifiling, he thiiikij the propbccj could 
alone receive its iv\\ and ftnal completion. 

A IT. Xr, Tkt Ajiatis MifitlUi^: Confifting nf Ori|rit]at Frodoc* 
LtoEit, TranQmonsi Fugiuve PJeret, ImiuiioDi, and E»ira^ 
from curious PoblJcadoni N" J. ard Ti. cf Vol. T ■ |c^t,6d. 
each. Large 4(0, C'alcatu primed j and fold by M^^ri. Wbita. 
fkei-Jlrcet, Loudon* 

AMONG the moft powerful iftcentiTei to liffrary fifivlft* 
clan* wc tnay number fuch cnampk^of geniu» and crudi- 
tion, ai fcem defigned by Pr»vidence 10 eailiibii ihr humin 
in^'^llr^t in lis moEl ci^Uivai?d Aiiie, and lo fupply every 4^ nvitti 
Lvjng inflanccs of th^i cacctkncr, which, wcic it irifiMc only in 
tne arpils of antiqutiyf mi^ht entirely efcape ihr noiire ti 
manyt and be t^gardcd by othcu aa <he mj-ietjr i^f m more fa- 
voured Tky { too fleecing to jullify any hope of ib return, ft&d too 
diziling to be conTcmplated even in dcrciiption. U* 10 furtty- 



n# Aji^fi€ MifiiSmfj^ N- L and IL 415 

viviijjty, wbicli loQ frrquvrilv prov«t the bine of iti ^fis^of^ 
Cht Author of the Oncnul Conmcnuriei afTumcii ihe iripU 
cbftridtr 0/ > Lirgulf(» » Poer, »d 1 Critic. Wvih pow«ri 100 
vigofous and com pre hen B*e lo be Chicilcd by the vulvar trim- 
ni*li 0/ HuCJtJon^ he commenced hU literary carvrr, whf r« vc- 
tena) of no cotnfnon rfpuucion hjve been conieni (o htttfh 
tbdn. To AO hiluilTve percrpiioo of rhc fublicne and bratiiiFu), 
ftnd Bfl inagJnaEion aioncc boTd *nd luxvritftt^ be idci«^, what 
Mr* Pope tbuu^hE tncodiptiible wiih ihefc facuhiea, rhe diflm- 
|^i(hin{{ jticfjJEiTirrE nf AnOoflr, and I mefporr quick and fe* 
lucioui ai. ch4t of Seneca, or Cirnndct. NoihJng Jcfi than 
the union of thefr powrr« in ihi* nifnc mind could hav^ pro- 
duced Tuch pregnaftcy of iho^jght, and fucb ckganec and faalitf 
of ctxnpofHion, in hnguagrs lodilficuli and diflQiriEar. Yet ihli 
faacy, tht* cic^ncf, and ihii facJIil^, did our Author polUf% 
in fpicc of ht* catly dcV^iJiation to a profcflion, of whkfj cvrn the 
preparatory cxfrejf'«-i cxKtuft ihe midnight timpof the moll pcr- 
leTCfing ftjdeiti. To tbe pep, wbofc oroie Jciiotis bulir^cfi rt 
«ra« to colEeO the cir**, and note the precedfnl* of an k'njt}i(h 
court of judicrffurci we t'e indebted, not only for a fpcecti of 
ir^tii in an RngEifb drefi \ and for an exif} dHlnrailcn of Ihe 
mod complicated part of the AiNnian !««:» but for vcrrett 
which cchn the Urguafc* >• well 11 the fMifitnenn, ol Sopho- 
cter, I'beocriiutt and Menander. To him who mij^ht hava 
been fyppofcd to corifjfE ibc pat^ci of Crccro. 11 the mi^JclK only 
of I'gk] irguirent, cr pnpubr drchrmiior, we owe ;hc piiulal 
of fueh Latin profe <i Tufty might have re^d witbouc difguf) ; 
jnd of Latin poriry, whiCh brtaEhn ihr fpiril of th^ beA vrtiteri 
of Che bctt age oF Rofne, He who was iTiorc pfofeJConaltjr ccn* 
pToyed in difcofliri^ :hi- IrgiT mode of fupprfflinjv riora f » and 
the lawt of hifl native tounify on ibe fubje^ of isttiKt^att ], cuU 
tivated ihecrkntal langua^er, not only to ilfuff^icc tbe M«h^>* 
iMCaa bwi of fijceelfion ^ to the proptrty of intHlam^ but 10 
devdi>pe ihc gr^mmacieif conllru^ion of the Pcrlian fiiigua^, 
BtMi 10 wootbe Allaiic Mm^'.^ from the fpicygro«ft of Ar^Ma to 
the more ebiily <lr<raie of Britarn* L«i h be remembered alfo, 
that the mm of whom all thii^ and much more^ m^ghT be f^d^ 
if now o*ily in ih< bloom of manhood 1 polT (Ti^ of intettit^ un- 
impcicbedt ai^ of minnfri the moft a(uj6i^g i jn hii judicial 
eap4eiiy, the f^lory of ibetirnifh name m In^ia ; and, aia fcho- 
Ur, AdI JAdcliii^able in i^ofc puffuic\ which render him at 
once the patron aod exampk of the poet, the philolophcr, i»d 
ibe oitie. 


• See ReT. »ol. Iif. p- y i. 
[ RfT. vol. Ixvl. p, 1^^ 

S^ Rev. vol, IjiiL p. i^%. 

RWp vol. UtL p. 4^. 


4i6 7%t J/uik Mfj'iiUany^ N°'. L and JL 

Thii» it may be faid, is th» Jang^jag* of pan^Tnc^ vat^ff 
than nf frriiidrm. 1( is, however, (her lio^uaf^t of truth i 
and it has ttcen drawn from us* not more by w Kfle^ion on wh^l 
hai been aliMdy done by Sir W. Jones, than by our inticipj- 
lion of what he may itiil perform. VVc confidcr (h« cftiUif))- 
ukcni of ihe OriciUal MhfcdUiiy, as a nrw epttch In the apn'la 
of cjftern lit^raiuie ; and look forwaid lo the prngreft of i% W4ll 
cKpcdatioD} ptoporiionafc lo ihc utility of the pUn» and ihe xT' 
knowledged lalfQFs of irs patrons. Fnr ihis rc^rn w«* fhall li»ve 
Dccafion lo be more diftufc in oui accoi^ni of ihcic fifU nu^iktwii 
than in ihai of llie fuccccding ones, wilb a view uf g'»'i'»E °*" 
Readers an idea of the general defign of ihc publication, as Weil 
a3 of the pailiculir conicnLs of ihc preltni aritelc. 

The laudable defign of rbe Afiaiic Mifcellany is lo bfUig fo- 
gcihcT vanous raaccrials that may render It at ooce cntcrutfiiuft 
cuiious, and inflruftivr \ in a word, to convey fold inforrpsticfi* 
in the ftJtm of rational anmfciticm. To ^luin this end, iht 
l^diron have chofcn a paih yet unirodder, ihnu^li the ciicaot* 
ftances, views, and inclinations of tfaeie ;tadcrs m India^ u ureU 
as the curiofity of ihe piiblic ai home. Teem, in ihtir opinioti* 
pUtntf to point toward it. They o^ilervc, thic the |trc4t c:h«r^s 
that hjive, of late ycsM, taken place in the poljiicil ttatc of Hto- 
doftsn, and (he manif«{| alteration ihcy hive pfoduerd in the 
chaja^r of ihc naiivcs, thofc crpecially with whom European* h 

«f AMii A^/tJ;^^, N" I. tod lU 


tertiinmcfit to on Englilh rtadcf iit /aJUt who n>iy coir-pue 
fcvrMl of ihofe acfouBit with wSit he (fn upoa the fpct ; mijr 
ifM« the chsn^ei, which litie and cvcak hive oiad« m Ut po^ 
lilical tm) civil l^ilc of die cuunirKS under our govcrrmrDl artd 
inAucnK i and frojn tticfc prfrjiirci nn^ dr»«r C04^<|glL<iEii more 
juitf rcfpc^lng iheif prcJcnl ftdl?, Ihan lHc mo^l U^icioui poli- 
ikijns hitc t<«D able to tjo ac bomc. B<jc the w^eIc) of ptft 
timet «re noi the only wriEiPA* which it ii ihcobjcfl o; the 
Afutic Mifcdlariy ta drtw mth to pijblic vkw. We nxc 
Iju^ht to (xpcfl extract 'totn Ofiental fttichoft ci rtpvU, trjfif- 
UiciJ with ib murh rare as 10 sJcnif nl being p]]b]ilhr<], with she 
on^in^l and tnnlhtron cr op|>c£lC p'fE*'- Thi* publication ia 
open »l(o lur ihcr ici:c7lioii Lif rtj^ilivc loJ (tiifi:c11«iK0tu picctt ( 
uiulct wbirh he^J wiil t>c c&oipfchcodeJ free irannaEJoni, itniti-* 
ticU), tff*fit Bnd, mc^rc cfiJCcLalljr, All pcctical pro<]ti&k)iU, thK 
have any rcftiion, ncu or lemote, to OrJrnial fubjrdi. 

Our Reidcn will obferve, th»t no provilioo ii here tnade foe 
rdearchn \atn ihr aAEic]iit(ift, 01 naiitra] hrfor)%cf India t Aib- 
)tiiu wh^ch can be UtniuHotiiy illuftutcd by ihor« only, whofe 
curioltiy dcMD not depend (cr itifufuiacict; on the fcatttred, and 
perhaps apocrypha! dcfcripli&ra of Tarn^ef tr^vclkn, but on the 
farecvidciTcc of iheir own itufa, in mdtieri in which »fli>a1 
oblrrk^ation ou|;ht to prtelude the cmptmcltof cftentatioui icpe- 
lilion, and ihe league and fanciful chijneraa of hypo<beiki1 ro- 
foning. We truft, howcvw^ that the laboun 0/ the jrtiquarr, 
and th« naEuralil}, will be vnlicd wich tHofc of the t^Jte^Ecf, 
the hi^orijOt and the port ; >tA fhii the EtiTuprm reidrr v^tl 
luid, loihe courfecf the prefcni puliIicj(iL>jit iccuratc deleapitons 
ol the n4Eaf*l Hud arCificMl cuilufn^cv of inoli; cuiinti cu v/hias 
Nature giOTiet m pcfpeiual fummcf^ and when* Art pcihapi had 
alrctdf lifcn intocle^ano;* hcfur« Cecrop led hi* coloo) laio 
Greece, and bid the touftditifrctf of Aih<rii*n |;t«ndear. 

'I'befirft nurtiber i: piopcrlj ia»oduc<ti by the Ijjfhopo' Lia- 
da(f*» difro'jffr <>fl the irnpor<*ncp nf Orifniit \\ter9^Qre \ fof aci 
account of which wt ^ul^ «^tr to our Kcv^ew, voL Uiii< 

P* I?'- 

The ftjnn tt C^mJtt, by Sn William Jetici, coaHicaiei ibc 

freood Article ; but thi> alio ff^ have alteady ootind. See 

Rcr. »oI. Jaxi. p. 357* 

An, 3, // //;*?« *a NanrrtKa. By the Ciwe. 

Thi* Hymn it itry poriicilly coiKei^'cd, and li^urnulTy, a* 
wtll ai ele^antlft txprcfTcd. A complete inlfo<'td<£ii:>A to it 
woulJ, a« il;c viUer juDly obfEFvcft, be no'lefi lh>n a tuW co^* 
iBCni on the VvJi and Poorant of chc Mtjnfooit, t^c rririina uf 
the Egyptian and Pc«l>an il>ci>Ifi^^, and the tcncTA f-( the Ionic 
and Italic fL:hDols. It abound^ icilftftd, to alluiHuii to Irdun 

RkV. May, ij8;. y f \i?;vtv> 

A^fitthny, N<" I. and II, 

fable*, rofTciints ppThapi obfcure and yniftTcreftini', anJ mff^ 
paTdbly cuDnci^cd wLih Udmea which arc hirJli and inhiimDnJoni 
io an European ear: on th? nhj^k, however, it is eniiUfd &oc 
uni^ to Lhc prdifc of ihc Dricniist fcholir, but (o the candid ad- 
Trirafiorr of chofe ch^lic^l Audents, who Kflvn wtlh delight to 
ihe phi fofoph real fablt^s of Ovidi or (fac elegant m^tbolof^roF 
Ciilhmachu^ ; whom ihe perural of the ChoTjl Ode trmfparft 
i>a the wiogft of fancy to the rpaciou? theatres of Athens ; tnd 
who gaze with rjtpruT? at (he ili^hcs of the Dirccm Swan, while 
he fuara into repions beyond the kea of vulgar (nctlals, 
^ttidit'—queiUi in altos 
Nuhittm fritSifS HoR. 

For lhc fske of thefc lift, or nther for thtrr fikea who art 
roDverfani wuh rhe Jndran ta6 Egyptian doftrme of archetypal 
jdcB?, aa ii is reprefcnied b; ?ialo, wc fhali fubjgta the Tccca^ 

• Wrjpc in cicinnl Ibllcnry fliadej 

Th' imp^'nccrabtc gloom of lifihr intcnft, 

ImpenrioiT*. maeerrtible, immenfe, 

£ty fpirit^ w«fe infui'di or Fbrms difplay'd, 
BacHw his own miod furvcy*d. 
At mcrtal cyci \tU\ta 6mie wc tcmparc 

With lAanilr] i» fiiuioilieii mirrnrA gaxe t 

Shvif:, at lua jfiok, a Ihape Uprtmcly fair 

Leap'd iniQ bejnji with n tiQundleU bla^tCj 

fhf ^firiic MifittkKf, N" h »d II. 



$}^}n >n (he ^tlc, tad wub1e« j<i ibc ihraeti 
Of o'ry bifd thii haif^ thr blo-^mici^ 'finj. 
Or iclll M> I'JtY in vatiy x iii|iiij niMr, 
Vr'hlUl rnrioui trtlikt EoucK the ftv^ tiiflft 

Till rocki tfid forcHi liagi 
Brvath«i in nch fn^raiKc fforn the ^ndal ^roiT, 
Or whrrr ibir pirL^Eoui; niLtflc-^»r pTAyful rOTC: 
. Ifi dukvt joic« fr«m duLt'rtnf fri»k difiiltf. 

And b^roi rj|ubnD<ti in «7tr lulUfol clove 3 

In air, in l!ciod<» in cAvpmt, woodt »n(f pltivi | 
Thjr Atll inJptriu ftIT, ihf fbv'mgn Mata rcigoi.' 

Alt. 4. Rfj^sjhtst M vstwifg thf A'fai/fiUiiiTi at Sa^iram. In a 
poctiC4J £fidk iQ 4 FfHdd, IJy Tbiiinv Law, i^fq, 
Thcfc f<fl«^ioris, as mijjh: be cxpcOed, (uin piincipiUy on 
lli« Jlionner< of humm WiCy and tht inHibility of humin ctan- 
dcttr. Mf. L«w i% w« 6cx.\iX noTt a mtn of Ux^it anJ frrling ; 
and, tf bU pfMirydofs not itfe to excellence, ttcinnoc be Iskd to 
fitik bcbw nedioeiStj. 
Art. ji 'JhmaH*i Accnamt of Ui 7iarn/jf fttm Cgirt it SniZt ia 

Tbevcno/K wct'k »> not fuftck^nily Scarce In KuTf^fc fo r^nd^r 
the prc.'tnt cjitri^t DCCtlTir/ to the Eri^JiHi tc«J«r. Wc mutt 
»fit however for^t. thii ibe AliJiie Mifctlliry i* in 1 greit 
oieafure inieodcd ri>r the tffccf our countr^mtn in iIk Enit. 
Art. 6, Ate^^: oft^ 4rahian ^flrtiw^j^ tjtin&Ad f^on* the Rev. 
Mr. C'jf:jfu*i* Hiitofy vi AHK^jiDrnT. 

Wh*t we rcmafkcd jbove, o* ihc csttu^ l^roai Thtwno', ii 
cqu^Jly appUcibJc il> ihii Article; which wtU lUiubtlcft be 
highly icc^pEible m India. Mr- Cuil^rd tvai 1 man of vanoiai 
•ikI valuable »itaincncnei, though neither ha ulenia noir biicfit- 
diiion eouM rrfcur htm from > fafr, which ht> awaited too 
vttft^ of (he learned and ingcni^ua, in aJotolt c*ery age. OaC 
Rcaden may not grneraliy kmiw, vhv^t \i 1% pilvful la ut in re- 
late, vrx. that he, who 10 an bneooimon llock of general in* 
fDrni4tir>n itddcd a pEufound (k\H in the fcJciKCt, aiJ ihe n:oft 
;iiici]ar act^uiininrce wJh Eif^ern luigui^i, wai left to Lve in 
obfcurily* unpitromccd and uiipitied, tad 10 be indebted rven 
fot the djfchifge of ibe laft ftd duiiet ihii man own in miR^ 
jioe to the gntiEude of a tuitoa wh^fe liJcruy chancer be hiJ 
concfibarrd 10 cxilr, hut to the prime charity nf a r>w humble 
imiiwidm*'-^ \ who, while they wvpt over Che titxt ot tKeir paRor^ 
knew not ihc vatkij of hh ideot^ oc ihc e&iaii uf hi» acqaitc* 

7. Tht falsi E^dls %f Prtttpllathv, from the Ayu D^ifll 
of Abulfizel- 

A otoral lale, tranGAicd with cofifidcrabk cltfgmcc^ \t>A% "k^ 


iJnubt not* with fufficicnt fidcLicy, though the original ii itol 


Arr, 3. Jn Aaount */ iht Prt- AdamiUi-^ a^d tht Hiflorf »/ iht 

SForid to iht Death ^f Adam, £\ttaclcd from the Khclifat-ul* 

Akhttar of £hondt;metr. 

This account ircdTa «/ tht Jirji ail of tr^thit, and wbkt haa 
^een delivered on thu fubjefl^ Jrom ihe mouth of Mohammtdj 
— of ihe g^cniit and the dcvira dominion over ihcon; — of (he 
crcaiir>n of Adam >nd Eve, with fome aecounE of them while in 
Piradife, and when in the world j— of Adam's pofletUy appearing 
to him in a drcam^ and hh (Icpailuic fiom thj3 to the othct 

The creation of Mim and Eve ia ihua dcfcrlbtd: 

' When ihe OinoipoJfnt Sad deiermined lo create the GrtaiKliij, 
CT Adim^ the angel Gabriel, « Ihe Dlvln*? command, flen- from (h< 
hfavcoly DdnfionSj and ali^hud upon ibe earths JtiA xn tie wai 
about 10 hive taken up an handftjl of mould, the Earth aOccd bim 
ihe ocLiaJloii of it, when Gabriel anf^ered, *' Jt is the wUt of the 
MoEt High tbit a perfon fhitl be formed out of you, And who 
Jh;ttl huve domininn over you." The EilarEh replied, '* I iotrfU 
f>f you to ineercrde tvjth the Almigljiy in my behalf; and tode^ 
il^nil mc from the perfonnancc of Uij intention i for it wtf