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* .J 

• - I 





* J 




-*a». " 


- £&_£ 


■ -■ 






O R, 



Fro* JONt 177 j, to January 1774. 


Containing ihc Foreign Lituatdii. 





Printed far R. Griffith*: 
Aft4SoJdb;T.BicKiT udCo. fa&eScra*! 


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.51 '.; 



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: t !. ; : : 1 1 -•• O *Si . : : i» v mi .. 



Titles, Authors Names, kc. of the Books 
and Pamphlets contained in this Volume. 

N. B. For xiwAHKABLr Passages, fee ibc INDEX, 

-t the Eod of the Volume. 

British Pt: blic atjohb. 

. Voi ihc LVhituriof tncFo&eic* «tkT«f» fee the Uft page of 

<U Table. 

*S Arefei!tel«re, Ne>. I. 
P «£* 4$ i 

AiuKi, Wm> oo tfceSiosc, Bee, 

A»av hi* Young Sra- 

Oficei't Ai&ftant, 4C6 

Ac*of UicSjxrifman. t&> 

P.ov •r'i Dtfcouifeon the Adran- 
t3j;r» of the btfitiirSiteatsoa of 

GJfttl .<; -S' 

Bo wt i>. Dr. Sec DcroiiTios*. 
Bott-St ki it Opera, 396 

fir l lDt Ste A Bt, 

Burt HM. of the Purjtint, 76 
British Spouter, a|j 

Aor*»TAOti of a Settkcaem on 'BkrPOKr'A Tour tl.roupfc Sicily 

d 1 01 ■., 


0* eating 1 



'• Milec!Wn>e- ( 

Ai t'i Right at : 
A\ ri Pant "ti>* # 
A*twl« wi J hrpp, 

ArtttL 10 the Quaker «, *i 

Arr^MJix to U-; Viuilull At*- 

to Ab'J^j 


TjATcxitot, 9ce RetAri. 
** Bat rot a on into 

iifiijr on Truth iWwn 

D»Ufe?ht«k*!, 49 

and M* Ifc 115 

Buim'i Mikrtlltny Srrmon:, 
BtfuwiT nn rite Oti^in k. 

graft oi I^n^uagc, 166, 4*1 
Bvanrrr's j*elcnlSwt* oi Mufic 

in (j Vc- 

By row'* Mi 


f^Anx'i Trrrli. 

Catc- Set Maifcfl 
Cicilia ; a Novel. t?o 

Cnapmaw on BdocH] t3 

CHifOfit'i Lr" 70 

Ca)B>TsarilL»'a WictirHhn, 401 
it Sweepers a Town he 
logue, 65 

PiiritUcnv 2 jo 

_ pjtrtotifm IVR-y^. 331 

LiA«K an Dileiie* it long 
age», &e. 

Ct*» !i»onof Telcrrn- 

chts, 1 i 6 

At Coqvh'% 


See T»M^ 

■&uh« Proceedings taawCaft 

Fa»BIONABC* fttofclcK ni 69 

-PATMrOotoniMi v "> i<o 

ij' fiMfcOi wi&*xfimm, a^ a 
'Vbllowb'i Hfmns, fc b»ot 505 

¥hcp>ow. Jol*, bit Wti mm w 

of tho SfiaiofcaJv v*c j ro'tebt 
nicaLEsertiait, '. -T-.t-joi^ 


gooey » TcHnfU*n»pMfaraoln -EriKg^Ati rinrriq , 
. of the Amtodtm Sodeajv' 309 * ■ amoral J -• ,.F. 5 ■: 
CoLL*cwP*o£irl*i i ocw, 148 i pAinoAi, 

,, Tic«en 9 8o,i6o 9 M^if»4i8, 

CAAji»o«ibrioadiWi6% 407 

C*a**or» on. thcFtedon of 

fca*% t 437 

Cube on the lift of JiMUm, 

. &c 149 

T^A lb YMfLi'* Memoirs of Gr. 

** Britain sndlrelind, Vol. U. I 
Pef£«ce of the Dimity ofCbrift, 

DtifiNA. 6etLAKotroftHt« 
DiPOiiTiOMt t ice, ta theCaafc, 
&Cr agauft Dr. Bowleg 153 
Di»ft*-ri*, iMafialDmnv S9 6 

Discord* a Satire, 504 

.DuinTUiiTiD Marriage, 409 

.^•sbntrrs Catwhifm, 509 
Drafirr's Addrefs to the People, 

Drowning* See. Johnston. 
;" Sec Coo au. 
VDivry'i U.]«fi>tk«i of Natnral 

Hiftory, Vol. IL asx QA^itWIUUmbV WwIII, 

: DoiLLur, 1 Cowed;, 39° and IV. t-iute 3*7 

Dr-ibc Negro, 63 CiibanMS -SahtmC^M of 

E. . . . 
EtAer India Afaire, Pawphlrta re- 

- wngto, , jjfcj 1 ' 

Edward* on religioac aMbbb*, 
- 158 

Elu s's additional ObC on the Pre* 
; ferration of Seed*, . $09 

Emma, , _ 69 


, maav'T " w - ; ' /u4*wo*i'a6 

FLarCRlR^Saraon on the Earth- 
quake ia fihxopfllinj; a J 1 1 5 

FoROvLa-wr, aP&em, -^-*L tip 
FoTRaaoiLL and Ixedtv-Paxn- 

phie^loc, sdetingtoy > t/73 


. Toleration* ;•-■; o ;■'. 1 •. Jpo 

Fl*»JUA*T.0f Lif*t^tmA.lo I4J 

Fan Thought* c* -A^tfeeearies, 

. .Ao/VO 5: * » * li .ft (UftAlQ 
G. ^»A 

AbnAawii .":* ; T ;|ec 
GiLLVSnM»aaRi<Tisi6Bi en 
GeweiU AaUee* Miahv^attc, 

. .*.* \»w5 :"*;*■-* :'acmv|o4 
Granger's -Sermon on Indolry, 

Grannt'i Prediction, J 14 

Grant r*0 Pwm^aiEc** ^3: 

Enfield's EiigliJh Pieecbci, 77', GBOiaV4adio«riei .of -ftajand 
■ : Jia bjb1W«Bj -r-.-,- 1-1*47 


;^ncu«V« Naval Rajpfar, 148 
. xJruTLi from QoeenQptvea to 
\> Jafe.Banka* $03 

. '. Esb a y on the high Price o/Prori- 
. fiom, .14 

'■■'■ ' ' ■ 1 on prodociag moral Ef- 
fects from phyfical Cajifcf, 314 
.-» ,■. ■ » on the Qualulcaueabf an 
Architect, ■ $08 

"— — on ihc Joflict of God, 5 1 1 
Essays from the Batchelor, 934 
EasKiNi'e Town Eclogues, 148 



UAanBtaht Grove; t z ^ fo8 
, * Hamilton's Conic SecXmi 

trsjt&uad# "± i- 1 -.;. :• 51B 
Ha n way on the Chimney Sweep- 
ers, • < ;.**<fi9 

Haffislms, a Poem f : B31 

Hatxoh.ob Clock Work* > ^99 

■ ' a Efliy on Gold Coin ,j rs 

HAWKRsaffOBTRV*a PuUkauoa of 

the Voyages huhe So a ^aan H e- 

. mifphere, 136, 286, j<;5, 479 




Hxtaiu oo ftfce Element* of 
Spctca, »3 

Hiu'i Poxaeott Ar you Neigh- 
bour. 40$ 

liitroar of ike BrkitoDoroanioe* 
•a North Amnio. 18 

> of Lord AAboca, 69 

■ of iW Uairerftfy ofOc- 

fce< * t? 4 

rfHWi, 4'<> 

Hoi tow a r't Rat-trap, 312 
Bm* ia Deapair, 334 

HouurcK'i Eafeyoei tWLtver- 

f»oJ£pa. 4 ll 

Uo»4is's S^ge of Taaaor, 446 

1 1 Ml « 

Acoa oa broad Wtecxa. 65 
JitwinvAvi Swedift Co- 
rxt*. t 14S 

iVMlM ia**> iW PrttUtc of Im- 

pn r u i w t£x IMix. 

Jen mo*'; Accoact of <a»e Society 

ef Aratgidlflj for th» Kajpottry 

- itcfttamxd, tot foot. too, 

Jo*ii, £. aa Vaa-.j Geofjac&r, 

Arc 66 

Jos** V«. biUr.r 

Stat, laaa 380 

■■> Uofc^A, oo^utQgPkying, cu 

Joiti*'* Remark* oa&ckiaixal 

HblvYuauJV. and V. 189 

lifMUi s> oft Mount Ho**), 504 

j 1 110*1 Leeteti co Ld.Nor th # 6tf 

|^E»t«'i Mooutncnt in Arcadia, 

KiwrirryTr. See Nxw. 
Imtcc'i new 41056* Dio>. 93 
£* ht 1 1 m Cndctxm, ■ f oeaa, 3 1 7 

IAdt'i A£fUac SW- the Tab!* 

2 Mtciioaxi't Traait of Dt- 


>o tbeCMd-Ud Fcrer ( j:)7 
akViHiii. of Ireland. oox, 

. . . ■ -w * 

Lxret* SO RandoipU, 75 

— to S* RkhaadHoduca, 

LeT*e« to il» Qtrgj cf Nor- 

Mk# xo 1 

Lit t x as 0/ Lady Roftl, j£ 

1 oa **• 'COpKrtOOKM of 

104 Wind. ?0 

»T*0. to chePrefaiev^g 

Lawix'x Remark, os Artxuhrw'* 

Ieqoiry, |C| 

Linn**'*. SwYkats. 

loewt* ooMiliur>E«la«4troo,4co 
Lovx of Order, m 

Lyiomoo revert, Ac. i>* 

M Aui!>M ' « Comedy, 510* 

MacbEak'i DiQJoavr of 

oeekncQe^opJiy, ,-- 

MACKClH'l AdoIo?v, 51- 

M am. IM. of the Ilk of, - 
Maitti # i Hid. of the War to N. 



Ma*aio7t'i Jefoii, a Pccm, 46 

Mi Die 41. xndPJiilufophicalC'oen- 

axutaries Pan fi. - :i 

Mx(.iior«"xTranilauoQof Cice- 

reA Cxto, , _ ^ 

MiMOiasof Col. Digby. *c JJ? 

MiChailu's IVttcrs to Prf gle\ 

MitstV tetter to FieMinjr. 

IXMctiLANXOwiPwocj byj.and 
A. L. Aikin, 4:1 

Ml>C*Ll*5T ScTTOfB*. 4;* 

Mu»a bcatoflixnap, i 4 f 

J^Aoow, o-pomap im 

Nsvr Translation of Lctaeri 
from Abbe • • * Id Dr. . 

Nichon'x Oration dt A*ims2dt- 

/-i>, Arc. 3S3 

Noa»o4.cjtN«ix, SccTt. 
Nob *an*s Lcicrn en Ss'brcrip- 

rSfm, 7 g 

NootrHOv-r't Hifi.of Lop. Jon. 

36. Concluded, ^C 



MBerBa. See Epistle. 

XJ Ode on. the Death of Lord 
. Lyttelton, 317 

Ope on a View of " the Crefcent 
' at Bath, 225 

b Halloram'h Introduction to 
the Hill, oflreland, 193 

Ohio. See Advantage*. 
Qrangs Girl at Footers to Sally 
' Harris, 6j 

Origin and ftogrtb of Language, 
166, 42 1 
Or k's PoiVnomoUs Sermons, 267 
Or R brv's Letters from Italy, .81 
Othello, by the Editor of Lea a, 

Owen's Sermons at Boyle's Lec- 
ture, 75 
Oxon u Explicata, &£ I J4 

pAiMER, John, his Letter to 

* Ba'-'uy, 158 
Palmer, Sam. his Dilfenter's Ca- 

techifm, 509 

Pandemonium Ballet, 65 

Pantheon, a Poem, 230 


Paul's Par;(h Officer, 507 

Pemberton's Phyfiology, 149 
Pennan 1 N Genera of Birds, 61 
Pbrcival's Eflays, Medical and 
Experimental, 287 

Pernety's Voyage to Falkland's 
Iflandi tranflatcd, 403 

Phi li. is Whcatley's Poems, 457 
Piiipps on the Original of Man, 
lc6. Anftver to ditto, 157 
Physicians, a Satire 314 

Poems by a Gentleman cf Cam- 
bridge. 239 
Poet, a Poem, 230 
Power of Fancy, ^ 64 
fons, 156 
Priestley's Inflitutes of natural 

* and levealed Religion, Vol. II. 

Provisions, Pamphlets relating to 

the Prices of, 14* 151 

Prudential Lovers, ico 

fupoicoMBB's Mariner's InUrue? 
1 tor, j " 66 

Puritans. SecBaiip^ 
fXLE's Sermons, * ' 34 

QUakem. Sec Appeal, fee* 
, FoTHERCILL.* rjl . 

... It 
T> Ake, a Novel; ' "" ' 33! 
. Rand's Tabid of GoM Coid, 

* 51a 

Randolph oa tfc Jewlffi Law, 

Register of Folly. S ~ r &t 
RspoRt, THird end YaS.'oflhe 
' 8e)eA Committee on Eafi-KcU* 
AJftfri, ■- : ' ;: $tp 
Review of " Tbe P■t^iciaixs, , ' 6^ 
Rolt's HiJbry of the fl& of Map, 

RtfasBL,.Lftdy, her Letters, 56 

Run el, Mr. his Translation' of 

Thomas's Eflky on Women, 154 

CCot*h Parent*, . 60 

u ScoTT'aDigeftoftheHighwty 

Aa, 498 

Scourge of Ealfe Patriots, 505 
Search after Happraefc, 
Sermons to Asses, 
Sermons, Colleclions of. 

Burn. See Enfield. 
Sermons, fingh, 79, 160, 



Shartspeare, by Johnfon and 

Stecvens, m 420 

Shamrock. See Collection*, 

Simplicity, or domeftic Poems, 

Sims on Epidemic Difordcrs, I49 

Skeeler's Sermons, 235 

SwvLLETT'sOde tolndependence, 

Socratic Syftem of Morals, 72 
Statutes at Large, ^to.Vol. XI. 


STRACHEY'iNarratireof the Mo- 

tiny of the Officers in Bengal, 


Struen ; e e, Count, his Cafe, 73 

Suicide, 1 Poem, 504 




Svat* Ttiu-mph*ti. 

TA«o*/Skstof, » T«*edj, 


Tn»Tli, *S 

Jittwrm'i Utdiui < 

i im tfie ?*feat Dif- 

frt-.Vi of Great Biiuln. 4*0 

rt, by the Society of Auti- 

■ Appendix 10 diico, s°7 

tn- and from V 4° J 

f YT .cnUC* taatSut>. 

irft, 6* ihcR^rkwcn **d AW-- 

B - - v 

.;«kk ACtay. 

)bf. on Ttnom 
Oh 38* 

ViuN Key to ihc Tutor'* Guide, 


V{>Tt* and Proceeding m Lodoi 

Un«yiM4*T*a Ex^ricnced Sulu 

tor, 5. 

w.'. Remark* on HiU't 
Farrago, 175 

WgaroK's Traces oa Agriculture, 

' 30O3f. V*:!. ill. 413 

« ■ CiJeoci '» Kako4af ff 

W lire on pregnant Wonico, jop 

Wiuti'- SaeTvi 

"Wort hi h HxfX- 

nni-;n;s oo tha Spa nejr Um- 

** .. 4V 

WoRT»t»CT0K t Dr. bin Thcoiy 

ofihcR< 444 

V/ynsb'i Evelina, 147 


YE^7 3% Translation of Linnarua 
Oft afifrcbi }cp 





- " "V 






O R, 


From Juki 1773, to January 1774. 


Containing the Foiiiok Litsiatuu. 

r-t-^ i — .-** 


• r * 


Mated for R- Griffith*; 

A»4 SeM fcy T. Bcckit ud Co. la <ke Stnad, 


» " 

,51 '.: 

; o { i r r *! : % ;; 

1 ia4oo6i 

.. /* 


* « 
• ■* • .*; .". *** . •. •• * , • . 

.." I. 1/T .': l/t ' ' ■ U "•' ■■ -'>r>:!: 

*, . *J""V! 

I "1 

; !■■ u a VL J J 



TiTLts, Authors Names, &c. of the Booki 
and Pamphlets contained in this Volume, 

N. B- For KEUAftKAitz Pauaoii, fee the INDEX, 

at the En J of :he Volume. 

British Publications, 

«* % Foe the coKTxwta of the Foxricw ankles, fee the Uft page of 

ti* Table 

A D 

u*t ArtHtttOnre, No. I. 

An«j, Wn. on Ac Stonr, Ire. 


A»awi, Jofci, hfa Yoanj5 Sri- 

Oftccr'i Afluiiot, 406 

Ac*niUie$porffman, aaj6 

A&vajtagh of 4 Sculctntiil on'i Tour through 

iiooorfcon inr AdVin- 
ug«* of the idfdUf Situation of 
Great Britain, -8 

Bowlu. Dj. S« Diroiino\3. 
Bon*-$Ti»».r Opera, 556 

Bktad. See An* arTaov*, 
Burt* Htt. of tn» Puritans. 76 

Iftltltll SpOUtff, 


tie or* 



Aw ■ »'a Mrfccltflrinp * 

r*r*», a Cosxd;. 

'p. * Mttqur, rcrtrr 

Right at I. alt, 400, 

. »*, jrti 

A» i%i ft ioFh»pf*, ij7 

Arr#*t to ilic Qgtl 

ArriNDiz 10 lLc Vauxhall A:"- 

A«c»iAKOto- 1 • ; I'»*eV "fitting 

to Aot>qui:v, Vol, i' 

AlTtBM. ft iVrm, 113 


|*ATCfitr.oft. See- Essay:. 

ifctaV ;ia 

on TVut* C*wn 

tt be ■opWftiCat, M 

■ and Mala. : : . 115 

s 4*4 

Bvftivtr on the Origin and Pro- 

£ftfi of Language)' 166, 4:1 

BwftreT 1 prefer I State of Mutic 

in Germany . Ac. 
ByromV Mifrcllanie*, 

£\A*a'*Trantl. ofl.ijciJB, 
Cato. SceMTLworu. 
1 icl. 
CHAPwhM on Rilucifran, 
Ch.'Wr'i Lct?r< 

r tariiLa't ■, 401 

^tv Sweeper*. ■TovrnEe- 
Ioroc. 6 4 

Ci rv Patricians, 750 

— — P r«d, 131 

C:..\hk M Diicitc. in long Voy- 
ages, ic, i-» 
CSlk« ta'iTrtnrtinWi ofTetemt- 

chts y«Cj 

A«» Ccj.s'i 




oftheAmfterdamScoety^oot- fiuomf? -\-F. •.:> jm«**v« 
Collicwpw ottrifoFocms, 148 . pAaaioAs. See Tmim ; ! 
^'^i»l>WM»«ctiri»fc-Ui^ 2.*Ai«c«arite^aie6Brf<ljir|5x 
, Tiewen t 8o,i6o,>«6^5lf»4i8/iUKTBKR Proceedings ia^taf*Ufe 

.Cu^ilivtlfnw 1 ! 4°7 tfBaVigmy -1 •• f*o-i>'5i7 
Crawjoad on the Fitsadoo of Fashion* axe Wead; h>W ni 69 

Platte •. 437-' 

Ckibk «* *e Ufc of iajectiaw, 
*c M9 

D. -' 
r\Ai«TMrLiVMemoin of Gr. 
*^ Britain end Ireland, Vol. II. t 
P*r sues oftheDiftoitj ofChcift, 

Dinina. See Lakorokm. 
DaroiiTiONS, Ace k the Caufc, 

pATAvGotawaiecv'* ■ ■ " ■ >fO 
I' u.Cfcfli WPeoepeiMi , 1 32 
Fbllow*'s Hymna, Jwol 505 
JfiRcuiow, Jofca, hii Difli toTy 

of die mmmeimV ore: -~w>s 
■■ . : , J««aeWhU'Me*V 

meat Bam tlma » ' its.vjoJ^jj 

Fitzgiiald'i A< 
FLiTCHS^Senoon on the Earth- 

&C agaiaft Dr. Bowto, 153 qoake m fhroprhirc; tojftfcij 
Tai^aMiifcalDrtia*, 596 Fovo-Lever, a Peem^ ■ ^_ i,'tp 


Piicord, a Satire, 504 

.Diai»ti*k*T8d Marriage, 409 

PmiMTiaa Cetcchifm, 509 
Deanta'a Addrefa to thePeople, 



Fothikoill and Leedev^fanv 

phfettJflfc ftlai»Bgtcv^P^73 

Fowk » '1 Appeadi* ■» naatfrta on 
Toleration, -. • c i vocin ^09 

Jdhmtoh. Fan Thooght* on Apotheeari«, 
.ftCf-vr- * rh li .1 ^1*410 
G. .3* 

AArfs MaceflaaJeV VoUpIH, 
"and IV. »*JW 337 

6n.a*HiS ScriptnmMitee/ of 
. Abaaaaan ■ ^. , . i jUTJO|bJ 
Gi t L'aSanawni and-TdCU Ci I 
Gowwt* Aealaw » iam*£»$k, 

...' \.w: ;;••-..* :'Ao>Ht*ko4 

Gaawcer'i Sermon on iDdulry, 

• -j.-" ■'. '-.* * {Ta3_2&13 

Gaaknt'i Prediction, 314 

GrAMio* WaVenyiAEdin, .^31 
GtoiaY J^iqmticv.ot' eansJaod 

. H. 



Divhy'i Ulqfljatiocu of Nataral 
Hirtory, Vol. IL 2*4. 

: DoiLX.ur, a Comedy, 390 

Drive Negro, 63 

E, . 
* VAit India Affiufh PampMeM re- 
lating to, 314, 319 
Edwaads 00 rafigmi AffecUon*, 


£l lj s'» additional ObC on the Prc- 

:. ferration of Seedi, , $09 

Emma, . 69 

^NriELD'iEngliih Preocbeif 77* 


JBwc l« n't Naval Rejriew. . 148 

. Efistli from Qoeen Oberea to UAMamhr Gro*e> 


J^.Eadn. $03 

.Eisay on the high Price o/Provi- 

*ont. . • ■ 14 

V i V- on producing moral Ef- 

' £e&$ ftom phyfical Camea, 314 

, 'm ■ » on. the QniUficatioo.otan 

* Architect, ~" . - 508 

'■ oa ike JaOice of God, 511 

_ Essays from the Batchelor, 234 

EasciNt'e Town Edoguet, 148 


Hamiltow'i Conic Secltona 
■ teartfiaajdV V :»ji» 

Hak way on the Chimney Sweep- 
ers, ■ • . •' * .169 
HA*»!*MS»'aPacm, 831 
Ha Txon.oa Clock Workv i %M 
■ ■ ■ '« Eflay on Gold Coin.j r* 
HAWKBsarorraY Pneakaaaa of 
tJeeVeyagm auho Soe ta eiai H e- 
. mifphcre, 136, 286, 3^5, 479 



^Y'aEry«ritnte>tc 331 
mail* 00 ihc Ekaaca'.i of 
SpmJu *:j 

Hut's P:tfau Ar year MHgK- 

baor. 408 


U North Aattica, 1 8 
■ ■ of Lc«} A&bora. 69 
— •TtWU««ffiir«fOx. 

fort, 11+ 

o/xUs*. 4*0 

lio::o» **'» Rat-trap, 311 

H#itaC^f«. *J4 

BcTL»rcM'« fiffijr 00 tha LWer- 

!•<•** 4>« 

Howais'i Siejec/T«»or> i*6 

Acoa on broad Wfccdi. 65 

]tl»l»fll(AMl i««^iOi Co- 

ra:^ 14* 

£>»m toic'i Attooot of tfee Sooetjr 
of Astl i idt ta lor ih» R«po»try 
«diWM< I'erton*, to? 

Jo 1 Young Geographer, 

&c 66 

:u; Wau hia Ufr of Xufer 

i lost*) A. c« Shuttle Ftau.-jr. ; i* 

4. j ■**> Renault* oBBbdafiafliciI 

1 ftttfcYofeJV.»iV. 1B9 

fa* *«t • 1 on Matt Ifarob, 504 

JuM-asLetKn to L± North, 6» 

I^Eati's WooaiBCtit i» A radii. 

Eir»ieOTT. Set N»w. 

,«*'aorvrJ>$l*Dicx. 93 
iirt is* CneieiHW, if Ocas, 517 

IAt'i Afifiaac fts> the Table. 


hMOMOKM*! Traa*. Of Der.iM, 


I.* '/Aziiu. 233 

• uoi tbeCWW.bod Fcm, y t 'i 

cf Jntod, 

54** fDJ 
Ltrrax to Randolph, 75 

taSa RkUrdHcth-iiu. 

X«T*a* to tU dm of N«r- 
Wk, „, 

LzyrttsotUdy Ra*>!, T 5 6 

■ ■■ ■ c« :** IniprottaKM of 

the MM, 7 o 

,T«o, eo tbePreltto.B^ 

Lawu's Remarks o* Arbothnot\ 

Inquiry, y, 

Locu tt cc3/il:HrrEdacJtioo,400 
loviofOrdsr, ' | U 

LyjOnOu Foreri, Ac. |» 


^Acaaosi, atorosdr; 316 
Macs cam's Di&ionarjr of 

a*a«t O^ogrtphT, r^ $ 

Macm l i*'» Acotogy, 5 1 4 

Ma;*, Kill, of the fife of. . 51 j 
Mavtr'i Hifl. of theV/jr 

America, .-., 

MAiiiOTT't jefa*, ■ Pocan ,46 
MamcAL and PhilofcphiealCom- 

atcaurx}, Pirtlf. -11 

MsLSiOTViTranilationof Cioa- 

rc*s (*jto, j q 1 

Miwouiof Col. Difcby. &c. 219 
MiCHAiLu't Letters uj P/fnglc. 

MilbVi Letter to Fic-Wm^, 233 
MncetLAJdov 1 Pieces brl. a-j 

A. L. Aikin, 
MisctiLLAnr» 4:4 

Moasoouo. See RutMKT. 

Muitum mP*rv* t *k. IC7 

Mvw ri a'iNar. ofSrrccafcv- 
Mtu ScsicrtUnje. |43 

J^AaoB, apwtn, ij©. 

Ntw Translation of Lciie 1 

from Abbe • • • to DrlStb 

Kichoh'i Oration A Axmajfit- 

'*»*"**• : ?3t 

Noaro&ciKMBiK Sec T' rrMg i. 
Ni»Mf.>*» Letters on *3ub(aip- 

tion, ? g 

NoovrMOttcc'i Hin.of Lor4on. 

36. Concluded, 96 


CON,15EN(TS «/ 


{\BeRBA. See fiplSTLE. 

KJ Ode on the Penh of Lord 
. Lyttelton, 317 

Ope od a Vie* of * the Crefcent 
' at Bath, 223 

6 Halloiaw's Introduction to 
the Hilt, of Ireland, 193 

Ohio. Sec Advantages. 

Orancb Girl at Footed to Sally 
Harris, '65 

Orioin andJVogreG of Language, 
166, 42! 
Orr's Pofthumous Sermon 1, 36/ 
Or r brt's letters from Italy, .Si 
Othello, by the Editor of Leah, 

Owen's Sermons at Boyle's Lec- 
ture, 7S 
Oxo m 1 a Explicate, ftt. 1$4 

DAimer, John, his Letter to 
* Ba!guy. i$8 

Palmer, Sam. h Is Diffenter's Ca- 
techifm, 509 

Pandemonium Ballet, 65 

Pantheon, a Poem, 2x0 

Pantheomtes, I32 

Paul's Parfh Officer, 507 

Pemberton*i Phyfiology, 149 
Pennant's Genera of Birds, 61 
Pbrcival's Eflays, Medical and 
Experimental, 287 

Per nety's Voyage to Falkland's 
Jflands tranflatcd, 403 

Phillis Whcatle/s Poems, 457 
Pmppson the Original of Man, 
156. Anfwcr to ditto, 157 
Physicians, a Satire, 514 

Poems by a Gentleman cf Cam- 
bridge. 230 
Poet, a Poem, 230 
Power of Fancy, 64 
Pr e sTON'sMeditations on the Sea- 
fans, ' 156 
Pbiestley's Inflitutes of natural 
* and levelled Religion, Vol, II. 


Provisions, Pamphlets relating to 

the Prices of, 14, 15 1 

Prudential Lovers, ico 

f updicomj t's Marker's Inflrucr 

L tor *' . J" .' 66 

foaiTAFs. See Bail fv. 

Pitlb's Sermons, '* *ig 

;■;'•■■■ . q^ -*! 

QUamm- Sec A fp bat-., Sot 
, Fothercilx,;* '*/;„,'", 
■ . ti- 
ll Are, aNotet; " "' ""' 3«! 
~ RaUi/s Tables of GbWCold, 

Randolph on #e Jewiffi Lawj 

RtcisTiaof Poty, . '• "* r 6> 

Report, Third tncf faft/tfihe 
Select Committee on'-Eafi-ificlia 
Aiftirs, •• - .■"*.»■ jr$ 

Review of " TVP«tririaw,''.6r 


" : ' ***«■! 

Rira3BL,.lAdy, her Letters,- 56 

Russia, Mr. his Trairflatioo' of 

Thomas's Efflry on Wata^ 154 

CCot*h Parent*, , €g 

Scott's DigefteflbeHighway 

Act, - 498 

Scourge of lialfc Patriots, 50c 
Sea r c h after Happmeuv *os 
Sermons to Asses, 77 

Sermons, Collections of. See 

Burn. SeeENFtELD. 
Sermons, fingk, 79, 160, 319, 

Shakespeare, by Johnfon and 

Sceevens, t 420 

Shamrock. See Collection*. 
Simplicity, or domettic Poems, 

... 5°4 

Sims on Epidemic Diforders, 149 

SkeeleR's Sermons, 235 

SMuLLETT'sOde tolndependence, 

Socratic Syrtcm of Morals, 72 
Statutes at Large, 410. Vol. XI. 

Strachey'4 Narrative of the Mu- 
tiny of the Officers in Bengal, 

Struensee, Count* his Cafe, 73 

Suicide, ft Poem, $04 




TAmo», Sieg« of, • Tngedy, 

Turw ai's Efty on Women irw- 
il*ed, K4 

XHOMnon'i Medical Confute*. 

Visa's Key to iheTatoi'j Guide, 

VrtLrAin*«fiia»pof l.ixicuxi a 
Tragedy* 45 


or. the rrtftrt Ulf - 

Grcat Biiuia. 410 

:f, oy Ac Society of Aaii- 

* 30S 

■ ■■- A rptmSt 10 Alio, 50; 

to Poriftnootk 2jx 

»«v^ fn*» Pai 4°* 

■W. bv v!jcRcTJC*«n «nd #*#> 

k 4'* 



* - Append!* W 


n'l Ofaf. on 



UaqoWArr'i Experienced Soli 

w. 397 

Ltirt RcmtrVi or 
-»*'» Twfti on Ajrical »] 

Botany. Vol. Ill- 41, 

— — Cir4ea*t'i Hafcni 

WV 1 rr on pregoiM Wool 
WiuoVt N 40 


WoariiiKO &ei,kfoE*p#- 

■; oq the ipa iiCAJ Liver- 
Wo* ; Macron, Dr, his Ti» 

of ihcRiril., 
Wynm'i Evelina, 
VEat/j Trthlition of Lioij 
01 Jfifcds 3< 


[ *ia J 

in the APPENDIX to this Volume. 

A. B. 

KT Miliune dee Cbinois, History of French Litteatire, 
k. M4 $9* 

B. L. 

Iaromrtbb. SeeltoLtrc. Lbs Saisohs, Poe'me, 578 

Bastidb. Get History. Lsttres. See Clbhistt. 

BAUME'tCbexniflry, 565 Lqvqchamtu SeePROPSitxiVR, 

C. p. 

CniHiSB, St*A»TMiMTAitt. PurLOsOTHiCfL Eoqairiei con- 
■ m . See Eg yptiakb. cerning the Egyptians and Chi- 

Clemekt'* Letters to Voltaire, uric, 55 s 

5*2 Politique Naturelk, cu 

Primitive World anatrsfid, 3£ 

D# * - 57» 

Fsor b b t 1 us his Ele^es ttaautttdt 
BbLuc,M. his Enquiries Into the J 595 

different Modifications of the 
Atmofphere, 579 S. 

IVUssibuz. See History, 

Seasons, a Poem, 578 


Egyptiavs and Chincfr, Philo- T. 

sophical Enquiries concerning, 

558 Thomas'* Works, 541 

Trub Principles of Gorenuaent, 

*• 5J5 

IiAitcB, Ullage to the Ifle of, V. 


VoYAoitPlflede France, 51$ 

Gi brum's Mmd* frimitift 572, 





For JUL Y, 1773. 


Alt. I. CtxiU/s* tf/bt Jammt tf Sir Jthn DabymflSi Mvnifi, 

v. i il See Renew for May lift. 

J HE paper* in ifaH collection, which relate to Lord Rgflcl 
and Algernon Sidney, and which have been thought to 
t difeovcry of improper connesiom between tbefie cele- 
brated patriots and the Kicncb court, bare excited fo rencral 
•n aft- \ ahrtn, that we ihall undoubtedly be expede4 

t9 Uy them before our Readers. 

To begin with Lord Ruffe!, the account of his tntcrcourfc 
with the agroi of France u given from three memorial* or Jet- 
of Monf. Barillr.n t ■» Louis the Fourteenth, trz. 

Marc& it, j 
'. dc Rnarigny hat frcr T.n-i: Raf3ef and Lord Half 11, who 
tft full? fitisfced with the csv* them, that the Kin^ 

■• Krincc) tf cocitioced i: it net hu wcrreft to nnJeathe King 
of EftfUad abfoloie oat; and tlut hi* 

Si. e. of Fr. ; endravi i hi the 

irtJiiSoQ of. i* \{aon as flie ti 

roerable: Lord Rut '*« wornM cn^sgcLord Shaftefbary in 

tbtsaffsir, sod thai h.< fhculd Lw tb I whom he would 

ipeik of it cxpikuly ; «nd that they would work undei baud to hi*i- 
cwr aa Hgaacntaucn of the font which has been o.Trrcd for <. 
oa the *ir . tad wooM exufr (o d rortie offer of the 

•rtfi p. htioni to :Ke King of Enfifa 

tiey booed make him with to re anite himfelf with 

than to tialirui to iheai. He javt Mr. deRoa»i;ny to uo- 
•rrtand, thit fcr I; lifted vo-ir M.: ; -n. . .jm ■..•.! 
KoeUnd'i deelanr-c, sir againil >ou, only to give Mm an oj 
aitv of obtaining moaer, and under a promi'o chat, ai Icon aa he 
bad rot the aK»a<v, hewoald conclude > r*<ac7. Mr. d 
rtoftd hiaa. taat tb (hew aim clearly ibe twit iiy, I wa> '**dy to dif- 
mbetr a ctmiioVr.ili'c lum in cfce parliament n> prevail wi.h it «o 

I.*.. Zir.M S 7-^T 



DalrympU'i Mnmb$ •/ ikin o*d A*W. j 

ftrelb of hit B * ifcii redouble* thci I :Ke 

.tc much afiraoi: etcu «!• 
.-foaded that y , ami <hc 

■ ■ ■■ « • i 

r fcooM Icrve onlf to 1 it. 1'key 

a remedy 

arwl tbct>£b ike I/ird ! himarlf every 

tW oefcrn urealviyi i r rbrii lia I meat 

;,iDf« naowy. I hey are rcfolved to feele for every 

an j-ivc il ibc end tb^ --jji 

■t*j ibtt tl hive do otker no* 

■*} than -■ U not amourt. ac- 

'p to ibr alai/d c-csndft 


bt cat* I op-] nltii r.i ,«i:y 

I i (hew them the i.iponaiicc 

mi . i;i • 

inn our Mftjefty to be- 

ii appears to rnr ;•> be proper to fortify 
tie | Jt ii AOt 

. ahen the Kin| If 10 a1! : 

jgh the moll contrary to hu 
l - periuadvd the Hi^h Treafurer believes he may fi 
mci or war, to pot t ■ ty of the 

fjh ejuic-i -I thai n :hink» it b ■ 

to k% hmfclf be rjrma with :ke torrent." 

>>r// II, if?*. 
" Toe be«*hof the Cabal, to *i:. the Dub inghara, Lord 

ShifteOary. I^ord RuiTct. aud I. ord Hoi ' o trader* 

fti*d (bat ntftin^ To\peir»ii lor ihrm i\ CD leave miurri 

-vie* axe point, • . 
-'.teatiicrc u a ivmcieoi cumber cm foot, llMOMrt wiliatteapt 
every ta'i-jc ibal 

■f :i< jower of the others t.i | 

Ken Kng* 


»itk die ; -lie »hr.t_- of 

tbiakur^. the i men an J money for FUodcn will be great ; 

chi*g U more proper to jwevrr le- 

dir^iu>n ot war. ana oblige hu Khun 

eafcm err uk ■€> 

ior, if vou declared uutibii llaxe cf 

i' w foui aocftftiKt ?Oa defife tokr.t>» *Si • 


hat not 


the! ; . ti .( .-.nir 

; nrli' baa n *p* 

. iter him i 

i^^ , \ Jvi not 


4 DalrympV/ Almoin cfSrtat Britain and Jrtl 

controvert tfeil way of rcifoninc;, and have been inforae decree ob- 
|i£c*l to enter hit" the fentiments of the Duke of Buckingham, 
and to pretend to him that I tl'u\ not think it impoflihlc ynur Ms- 
jelly nSeht order me to fpeak as he wifhed. Lord Ruflel propofed the 
fame ihtoj; to Mr. de Rourigny. I believe, Sire, that their chief 
motive in this ir, to clear up a iulVicion which Itill remains with Ibmc 
of tli M-ijclly ud tl.c King of England aA in Concert. 

Another end they aim at is, to force the court to declare war, and 
thereby Oieltcr themfelve* from the danger, left the army, which is 
now railing, ihould be employed to change the form of government 
in England. They have ilfoa view of wocuiing for the future your 
Mijeily'i protection if they are attacked. But f don't yet find ihem 
>(ed to rrtcr into formal and immediate engagement*, except the 
Puke of Buckingham, who ii more hold than the other*, and who 
bcliv- I ::ulfafety depends on what your Majcity will do in their 

favour. If J durit cxprcia my thoughts to your MajcAy, I fliculd 
think it would nut be imiifs to fay iWicthiiig on your part to his Bri- 
tannic Majetly. that might (how Mm you don't intend to remain long 
-ty as to peace or war. It ii caly to foften the Ian- 
:inf£ to him, and not force him to decli.-e hiinJclf 
aruntl liis inclination; however, enough might DC faid to fatisfy 
tCofc who art under apprchenfiona that the cOOfl only intends their 
opprcITJon. 1 ought to inform your Mijafly that all thefc leaders of 
party will not be arcrfe to peace, UtVt that your Maiefiy 

into no engagement* agaimt their liberty ; on this head 
-;i .ill the joTurance* ] can ; and the moil fallible ainnugft 
them kr.nw well it is not the intcreft of France that a King of Eng- 
land abfolute mafter, and he able to difpofe according to 
his will 00 all trie power ot the nation." 

Sir John Dalrymplc telh us, in his preface, that when lie 
found, i i the Frrncfa difpatcbet, Lord RutTr] intriguing with 
the cuurt of Vcrlaillca, and Algernon Sidney talcing money 
from it, he felt very near the fame (hock as if he hid feen a fon 
turn his back in the day of battle. But, notwithstanding the 
good Birrwic: wa\ (o deeply arYefrcd, it appears to its that thrrr- 
y, nothing in the view here given of Lord Ruflel'a conduct 
whi< illy be regarded as tajurious to hhchinfler. Let 

us confider the ftate of things at that time, which was in the 
fpring of the year 1678. Louis the Fourteenth, being difguftcd 
at the maniafc of the Prince of Orange with the Princef* Mary, 
the cldcft daughter of the Dakc of York, had withdrawn 
:les the SeconJ's pennon. Charles, upon this, was fo en- 
raged, that he fcerrtcd teally dcfirous of entering into meafurc* 
agsi iort I f France* and of obtaining, from hi* parlia- 

ment, a large fupply and a large army for that purpofc. I he 
Preset) monarch tcok. thc.'cf'urc, tiic A*tm f and lifed his ul- 
md ; - endeavours to prevent toe accomplifhoient of the King of 
Eag] 1 .arent dcfigru. The Englilh ptuioctj fur vciy dif- 

ferent xeafbns, were equall; :us to obllruc* the views of 


A B L 



Title*, Authors Names, ice. of the Book* 
and Pamphlets contained in this Volume. 

N. B. Foe rewahkarle Pasjages, fee the I N D E X, 

ai the liuJ of the Volume. 

British Piblicatiokj. 

m m m Vor tSt Coxtxm-* of i'f>oiH';if article** foe tfec laft page of 

chit T»We. 

A D 


*'j ArtMtrclurr. No. f. 

***** l>< 
At>awi, W». c«) tieStose, Bee. 

Adawi, John, hi* Yoang Set* 

Ofico's AfBftsnt, $06 

Ar*o»uiL*$poetfm)in. »2f> 

BoNit'i Difcowfeon the Adris- 
tages of the inftlar Situation of 
OfMt Rritx.n, 7X 

Bowles, Dr. Sea DiroiiTroKi. 

Bott-St I'kkt Opera. 396 


Bftur Iffft. of the Puritan** j6 
British Spouter, aj- 

A^tamtagis of a Scttlceacnt on Berno**'* Tour through Sicily 


L read. 
Ativit »./*r, 31 Com 


t puie 


> Ma£p>c, tetifcc, ;o7 id Germany, 5rc 

rtjjht at I 40Q BtroatV MiftelUi 

Ami-Pa-. 31*8 C 

A* Ik >■ toPhipf*. rn hiiR'i Tranfl. of Luttan, 

A*9- JtMken, Catc SreMiLuorii. 

Am*uiz 10 U*c Vsuvhall At C'icilia 1 a Novel. 

zi$ Chatmak on EducJt»$n, 

■ and M.. .115 

Bua*'> MilccIUny Srmons. ^4 

v r on the btirnn and Pro- 

greft of r.ftn0,u*j>r, |M, 

•RKir't prefrnt Smte of Mufic 

■ IJ 

AltcHAiOLOCiA ; TraflirHuin^ 

to Anting 

Aituvm, 1 Poetn, 4)3 

BArcHtLo*. 8ce : 
SArroirr on Injvctfoni into 
the Ur«*< jii 

C.-ATtiiVKiay c« Truth fcewn 
ib be forjhsf! . 4 j 



CtiAfosr's Lc; 

CUKirtai it 1.0'i WittkHhia 

1 r Sweepen* * Tihati Kc- 
loj;ue, 65 

Cirr foritSutt* 2J0 

— Paifiotifm Dfyfaycd* 231 

Ci arr on Ditto n 

'' J 

Cx-ARAiViuuihtioa of irievo- 
ch«a, 5 • 6 

A** Ctows'i 

« 'T^T®:' m d 

W" fe 




° R * 


From Juki 1773, to January 1774. 



Containing the F on tic n LitiiatvII 

t * • : : ' v ' •• ■ _ ■< 



Printed for R. Gukfithc 
Aad SoM by T. Biciit ud Co. a ik« Sen**. 


CONiliENrT S y 


/ABerBa. See Epistle. 
^ Ode on. the Peish of Lord 
. Lyttelton, 317 

Op a OQ a View ttf' the Crefccnt 
' at Bath, 223 

6 Hallorah'b Introduction to 

the Hlft. oflreland, 193 

Ohio. See Advantages. 
Orange Girl at Foote's to Sally 

Harris, 6 c 

Orioik uad Piogrtfj of language, 

l66» 421 

Ore's Pofthomoos Sermoni, 367 
Ok r keY'i Letters from Italy, .Si 
Othello, by the Editor of Lea*, 


Owen's Sermons at Boyle's Lec- 
ture, 75 

Oxo fc 1 a Explicata, &c. i$$ 

PAlmer, John, his Letter to 
* BaSuy, 158 

Palmer, Sam. hi* DuTenter's Ca- 
techifm, 509 

Pandemonium Ballet, 65 

Pantheon, a Poem, 210 

Pantheonites, %l% 

Paul's Par;fa Officer, 507 

Pemberton's Phyfiology, 149 
Pennant's Genera of Birds, 61 
Percival's Eflays, Medical and 
Experimental, 287 

Pernety's Voyage to Falkland's 
Iflands tranflatcd, 403 

Phili-is Whcatley's Poems, 457 
Puipps on the Original of Man, 
15O. Anfwer to ditto, i$7 
Physicians, a Satire, 514 

Poems by a Gentleman cf Cam- 
bridge. 230 
Poet, a Poem, 230 
Vow e r of Fancy, 64 
Presto x's Meditations on the Sea- 
fons, 156 
Priestley's Inflitutes of natural 
* and levealed Religion, Vol. N. 

Provisions, Pamphlets relating to 

the Prices of, 14, 151 

Prudential Lovers, ico 

PvpoicOMis'i Marinex'i Inflruc? 



Stt ; BRl8F. 





PjriB'i Sermons. . ' 

J.' Qi ' ' 

QUakrm* See Appeal. 
, PotHEROILi;" ' .. 

RAicb, a Novel, ' " 
. . RAi»D'aT«Wci of Golf Coin*, 

-. * 51R 

Randolph on t^e JewiCi Law, 

RtGIITERof Fo%, , "~ ' r 6+ 
Report, Third asuf Iaft/of Jhe 
' Selea Committee on Eaj&feU* 
AfftFrs, - * - . •'•'■ $tp 
Review of " The Patricians, '* 6$ 
Rolt's HiOory of the fife of Man, 

" 1 ' '' " rsh 

RuisBL,.t«dy, her Letters, 56 

Rusiel, Mr. hit TrRirflatjon' of 
Thomas's Effinr on tf oman, 154 

CCot*h Parent* . 6a 

** ScoTT'aDigefteftheHighway 
A&, 498 

Scour gb of Ealfc Patriots, 505 
Sea r c h after Happmefi, 
Sermons to Asses, 
Sermons, Collections of. 

Burn. See Enfield. 
Sermons, fingk, 79, 160, 319, 

Shakespeare, by Johnfon and 

Steevens, 420 

Shamrock. See Collection^ 
Simplicity, or domeitic Poems, 

Sims on Epidemic Difordcrs, 1 49 

Skeeler's Sermons, 135 

SMvLLETi'sOde tolndependence, 

Socratic Syftezn of Morals, 72 
Statutes at Large, 410. Vol. XI. 

STRACHEY*s.Narratire of the Mo- 
tiny of the Officers in Bengal, 

Strubnsee, Count, his Cafe, 73 

Suicide, t Poem, $04 




Titles, Autiiors Names, 6cc, of the Booki 
*nd Pamphlets contained in this Volume. 


c tad of the Volume. 

British Pudlicationj, 

•, For tbc UmuucI tnc FoRm'^if trades fee she ijll mpc of 
tail Table. 



i u't A-rfcirtAiirP. N>. f 

Adams, Wm. on Ae Star*, &c. 

A»rmi» Jo*o. hat Young Sm- 
Oftcer'i Al 406 

AraMMieSpofrfmjn, «j6 

Bov*t/s Dlfcoarfeon ih<? Advan- 
ago of l viuition of 

Bow t-t s. Dr. See Df rourtoYi. 
Bo w -St i r. t r Opera. 306 

Bkpwi. See An«Aii rActf. 
Btfir HW. of the Purtam, 76 
British Spoutfr, 415 

A*r- ; a Sctriantnt 00 BtvroNr'a Tour through Sidly 

a%*0 «j fj3 and Malta, **. 115 

— — — — — - of eating pair B*tM*» MifteUnnr S.-rmons 114 

6*V»9, 463 B»*MT on fhe Origin and Pr©- 

Ai«.e » a/.rtVltanie*, 4-2 graft ©J Language, 166.421 

Aiivu.rM, • Comtdft 

Bvaarar'* prefentScice of Mufic 




1 MrfjucvrevitcO, ;->7 in Garidny. Ac. 

Right at J 407 Br^ rllan**, 

A%T|.pAyT»«*0«, jrK 

A»fwx« toPhtop, rp 

Arrt*L !o the Qoaker;, 

Arraapix 10 tf>c Vauthall Af- 
fray, ijj 

AacMAtoLOOtA : Tttftifriatittg 
to* 'oJ. II, tj9 f a;j 

Aaii»TaonV<M<iiirtl Rflwp.iif 

Ait_»w, a r\tem. *i$ 


a^ATCMitoir. $«e F.iur*. 


Sayrord on lagediom inta 
tHeUtitrra. i|i 

BAjr on TVuth llkcw 

£A*aVI' xim, 

Cato. SeaMti 

L'hai'vav on EducitTOn, 

»o*P*i Lrtirti. 
Chcit iKiit !.»'» Wittieflrai, +ot 

Sweapart, aTiwn Kc- 
Ipg 6 j 

Cirr I sjo 

— Paid ■ r. J , rj 1 

Clark oa Difafe* in long Voy- 
1 Jce. 1 - j 

Ci ^ **>■'• TNaitiion of Telcrr.*- 

K BfW Heal 

I ; chaa. 


i ,*.... . . — 

?^\^ ^ # -i r 



O R, 


From Jowf 1773, 10 January 1774. 



rhe Forei c n Li 


" | !■■ * 1 mU 



Printed for R. GiirriTHi: 
Aod SoU b; T. Bic«t and Co. b dbcSmd. 


11 Ltittrt f» Dr, Kainuett. 

Ulcer to unmerited cento re. Neverthelcfs, after making all the 
allowance that candour ran require, wc muft acknowledge 
that wc fin J feme material objections in the publication before 
us, which ir is incumbent on f)r. ICrnnicott rn obviate, from a 
regard to his own reputation and to the credit of his Performance. 
The Editor calk this a new trinflaiiun, from whence it muft be 
inferred, that one has been already made 5 but in his preface, he 
intimate, that fuch a defipn was formed, and had been dropped. 
A tianflation however did appear, fan* tune ago; but it was 
a Terjr poor one ; for which rcafon perhaps, it wu not much 
noticed : fome account of it was given in one of our former 

* Athtngwai puhlifhrd, fays the prefent Tranflator, called 
jf Letter to j Prmii) pretending to give an account ©f the 
French letters; hut no better idea could be formed of them from 
that, than of the man's houfc from the brick which he carried 

.in his pocket by way of Cample. And, indeed, there is great 
pole, that the Author's intention was to put a (top 
loauv farther enquiry i for lmlct:cr Teemed purpofcly calculated 
re of (be Frntcb letters, inftead of fairly Rat- 
ing the charges they contained the Dodlor. This gave 
©cesfion to the prefent triniljiion, the Author of it being de- 
firous, that the learned in general mi^ht be acquainted 'with 
the real merit of the Ff/ruh lettera; rn:ir the perfon to whom 
the fcnglifh letter was written, might fee how his friend had 
rvfedon him, and that the DocW himfclf, (who it iccms, 
fays he, is not at all arTc&cd by the abufe, as he calls it of the 
mk letters, bcca«!r he dors not undcrftand the language) 
might be able to the truth of whit 1 urged agaJnft 

him, ind be property affected by it. Who is the Author of the 
Letter ta a Fritvdi one cannot abfoluttly determine 1 but if one 

ill be allowed 10 follow that Atfthoft own rule, and jtj 
from what he calls jntjiwt ftrdnsw, one fhould conclude it to be 
the Doclor himfclf.' 

The Tranflator' s prcficr U piinctpal'y employed in anfwer- 
ing thofc accufations of the French writer's which arc Contained 
in the Letter ts a Fri/xJ mentioned shove. We ihall only take 
notice of the reply given to one particular charge. The judg- 
ment of the French author is called in qucftion by the I .etter- 
wri^cr, for fuppoiing that mnft of the (Hebrew) mxnufcrjpt* 
which we now haie, are modern, and were written for fa!e by 
mercenary>/, when the curiosity of the learned began to 
enquire after fuch commodities ; mj ihat this h the reafon 
why Hebrew manufcripts are much more p! 1 this age 

• ' it. 

f For our account of this Better, fee R<v. Vol xlii. p. ajSr. 





Titles, Authors Namss, 6cc. of the Books 
and Pamphlets contained in this Volume. 

N. B. For MMARKASte Passages, fee the 1 N D E X, 

at :lic End uf tlic Volume. 


• • 



Foi the &>* tint* cf ifecFoiiictfirtkl**, fecihe Itft r*RC of 

Boxai'i DiJcourfcon ihe Adrao- 
ugesof the iirfttlarS'nujtijri Of" 
Gf**r Bricain, 78 

BowLii, Dr. Set UirojixioM. 

Bow-STTirT Opcrt, 356 

Bit x 47. Sec A ii. 

Rriii Hit?, of ihe Pasitani, 76 

British Spouser, 

ATrhirtclurc, No. I. 

A daw 1, W«r, en tkcStc 


Apiyj, Join, oh Young Scj- 

Asya^tagis of a Settlement on Biiydovp'ji Tour through Sicily 

fe & m 


nitig pg«c 




AttowAi v*. a Coi 

Attitv. » M/! d, ;cr 

Au'j Kijjat at Lift* 400 

A%t>.P*- j tH 

AlSWlR (< If? 

AvriAL to CtoQufcers, 

Am mii x 10 Uk: Vaurkifl Af- 

AtCNAfOLOAiA : Tf*9«Trlcti»j; 

co Afttifitftrr, Vo4. If 178, a ;5 

A*m .i^; 

Ai>-.«u, ■ Pe*nr, *it 

oAtchhok. Sec I 

" SAYroin on InjrlUoes into 
She Uf«t 31* 

Ct»t r ii'j lit&y 00 Tiuth ihewa 
m be fepbif.ica!, *j 

ami Milu, **, 119 

Btrftp'i Mifceltay '-4*4 

' r on ibe Orijm and Pro- 
grdi of I aneujpe, ifift. in 

Bt'cvsr * prcfrnt Sr--:r of M.ifi: 
ia ' ■ tany, &C Ji ; 

Bylaw's MifccIIonie-. ;*l 


£A»V»Tr itiro, 161 


Cicuia ; 1 No»eI. l{0 

Cwaj- mav on Bdoettiotj 88 

CtoftfrcVsVs Letter*. 70 

11 1 di W lui d faa, 402 

Chimney Sw«pm, a Town He- 
logar, 6$ 

City Patricisan, IJO 

— Ptftiocifn Difpliyed. ; : 1 
Ciaik on Difcifei "m lo-ug Vof- 

Cl a ft k i*» TrtfiJUtioa of Tefecnn- 
thus, 3 1 6 

. '^-1 CoqkVi 

C 14 J 

A*t. lit An Efay on the Canfes eftbifrtfent high Price of Provijionti 
4t cvnttccied *witb Luxury, Currency, Taxes, and National Dtbu 

8vo. is. Gd. Dilly. l~7 3* 

A S the increafed price of provifinns has been an evil feverely 
XV. felt by every perfon whofe income is not affluent , many po- 
litical pens have been exerciied in pointing out the caiifes of fo 
general a fubjcft of complaint; chough few have extended their' 
enquiries beyond the circumftances that attend the raifing of,. 
an.) traffic in, the ncceflaries of life. The W-iter now before 
us is, however, not content with the fhort-fightcd ties 
againft monopolizing and foreftjlling; he has endeavoured to 
tracr the obvious effects up to their latent cau'es, and to (hew 
that the deamefs of provisions naturally refults from ihe prefent 
political and moral fituation of this much altered country. 

He p»emifes, ' that the pri«e of provifliens depends upon the 
following things ; the quantity brought to market; the extent 
.of the demand ; and the It a re of our currency, taxes, and national 
debt.* He confid« rs each of thefe in, their order. 

A fucceffion of bad crops, he obferves, has been complained 
of* but when the rates of provifions are altered from this caufe, 
the farmer can ill afford an advance of rent : if then (he rife of 
* rents keeps pace with the price of provifions, the advancement 
in price is not owing to bad crops. As little does it appear to 
be owing to the indolence of great farmers in laying down 
arable land into gra/s fields ; rents be fays, have been raifed 
nearly in the fame proportion in places where the fixes of farms 
have not been altered, as in thofe places where this change has 
taken place. As to the laying down fields into grafs, farmers 
being influenced by the fame motives that actuate other men, 
they have been induced to it by the advanced price of cattle ; 
and while they find their advantage in this, it is vain to expert 
them to alter their plan. 

From the Author's reafoning on this part of the argument, as 
well as from fome peculiarities of phrafe, we gather that he 
writes from Scotland ; and many of his illuflrations are drawn 
from the practice of hufb<indry there. In Scotland, it feems, 
they change their lands alternately from grafs to tillage, a me- 
thod by which it produces as much corn as if the whole was 
always kept in tillage ; fo that the product of grafs is to be 
looked upon as clear gain : though he admits that where land is 
kept* perpetually in crafs, the old grafs raifes cattle to a higher 
and more delicate degree of fatnefs. It feems indeed from this 
part of the argument that the; confumption of the nation re- 
quiring a certain proportion of corn land, and the reft for 
grazing, if this proportion is altered, it will caufe a correspond- 
ing alteration in the prices of corn and butcher's meat ; the one 
fifing and the other falling, as the alteration takes piece ; a cir- 
curoJlance that lend* to maintain the proper equilibrium be- 

7 VNtttl 

J* Ejfy M th* hi^h Priti of PwjfitMt, 

'i in f'.i 

fwtrnthcm, i ;iven in favour o: gr.tying, by hrccd- 

jog a number or horfes, — as jrijudjiioui an irulc of 
-im\c *5 of interna! luxury. 

fly cxpotCi the prejudice that accufei ihc farmer of 

trig hi* g'ain by him» til) an c vrbiianc pii - Inm to 

ihc maj- -t rmeis cjiiiuo: di» j nor can any 

\w# I, tret be ntiCnpplicd in 

■ general view. By bringing nic corn to market, gradually, 

may do good to the country ; but ic is iicicuJoua so fuu- 

poGe rheycan do hurt. ■ liy Wcrj ing up i| ;t ; yem of 

:J prevent the i <lo»v, a* 

ir w&yM Ju if the whole l>i i: lh< -uM ..: to market; Km 

then the i m ol karat) 1 * 

, and [bi -cby 

the pi I high as Othorvrtfg it 

■ i be.' To tl » ii may b added, tfa .i of the 

ol ibe pal dr. Were the larmero to 

empty their b*rn» iuto il-.c marked precipitately i the pi ice 

• Inw a* in ruin ihcni; drained 

put of Ihc nation) and nufl rJ be brought back again 

at an/ price lu keep us Iroeii ftitv'wg. Our farmer* indeed ill 

defer «e the rcproachc* cail i>n tiiem at critical umoa by minor 

ii . 

The que (lion then ill 11 remains to be fettled, why provider. > 

thcll prices? Wc flull derive littli the 

..!: i u One reafon i«, that though wrc are tiv .1 (be number 

reafca, wc hnd ihe consumption of fo^i increase* ' 

•Trial the inh*t">i tbll kingdom have of late years 

changed their way of living in a very remarkable manner, and 

y iracrt-afed in luxury, i* a track or" wbiCh every perlbn, 

wb» has tired anytime in it, mull be fenfib e. Let 111 compare 

>-f living at prefcm with what peifon* old may 

remember, and wc mull obierve a rentarka 4c dtftMACVi Jf 

we c;kc a view o: ou: markets for butcher 1 

rind, that, m t of twenty or i it, tlae qu«n:mev 

■a have beca doubled, in oil ritbou 

any dccr*afe in the places that have gone D f m U wo 

:.ic into the nature of the d .flics placed upoa the tablet of 

our *ewil! find, that of the meal 1 -ie rime 

ago appeared i uural lorm, nothing ia now presented bui 

, in loop its, while t her meal 

enocl. J- .. uf the I ;. . ,. tuc 

-. and !<« us, are land 1 pi opur- 

1 f prowfco 1 ^and if we attend the ntaru 1 of 

I Dflgfl tin . .iiiiD li«. 

1 ' I sc 


* T.wac. 


1 6 An Rffaj M ibi hiib Priu tf PrtvijSmu 

* There it as great at change in the equipages ai in the ta 
of men. In Nations in which men commonly walked a-foot, 
many now keep riding horfcs, foaie carriages, and even 
fooie both of thefc. ififidcs what an additional number of 
borfes is ufed for chaifcv, and the other machines, every where 
now employed for the convenience of travellers ; and what an 
additional number is ufed for carriages to our additional build* 
inga and other works, the cfTcch of luxury and taftc. Every 
pcifon is fcnfiblc of thefc things, but every pcifon does not con* 
fulct the cfrect that all of them mutt have upon the price of 
proviliona.' To this our Author adds,—* The gentlemen 
therefore in cities and towns, need not look into the country 
among the land-holders and farmers for the caufc of the prcfent 
high price of provisions. Let them attend to the change in their 
own way of living, from that of perlbni in their ffcufofii (br- 
mctly. and they will not find it a difficult matter to account for 
the change, of which they fo loudly complain. Perhaps thefc 
gentlemen may fay, that they ate more confidcrnble merchants 
and manufacturers than their fathers : (hit they deal to a greater 
extent* and that therefore, from their additional incomes, they 
can afford to live better than they. This may be a very good rea- 
fon for their behaviour, but it is nothing to the prefene purpolc ; 
for, if there it an addition*] COnfumpoOQ a and in confrmicnce 
of this, an sddiiionil tlcmind, it is no matter whether or not the 
perfon- that make this demand have a juft title to doit ; the 
effect is the fame, by it ihc price of urovificnt muft be raifed/ 

The Writer next enquires into the iWic of our currency, and 
the operation of banks, not only in afford ingeafy accefs to money, 
but IB augmenting the nominal cuucr.cYof the nation, the 
circulation of their bills extending in proportion to our national 
debt and taxes: on which account he accufes them of aiding 
the progrefs of luxury, and, in cowrie, of enhancing the price 
of proviliona. This is a curious part of the pamphlet, and well 
worthy of IHMM 

TtXO| as connected with our currency, arc alfo connected 
with the prices of commodities. * In the payment of taxes, 
fuys our Author, no man is a patriot^ even 1 man endeavours to 
evade them, or Xo i licrs to reimburse him v. hat he pan." 

Hence 'prices are railed in rotation, and at Lit come to the 
manufacturer where the rife l>egan ; who in confluence of tUt t 
if it is in his power, begins another nlc, which amy (M I \< n will 
endeavour to puQi round in the fame manner ; Uj i hat a heavy 
tax naturally raifes the price of commodities gradually, till they 
arc fixed in fuch a (late as to mace all pcrfons concerned bear a 
jurt proportloa of It.* After attending to the n of* 

thefc clc-ily :., can anyone he at a lof* to uSigu a rci- 

fon why all neccUirics ^re (till aJv-iicipg in price ? 


An Efi} « d* b'ih Prut sf ?! ; fa )&«. 1 7 

In treating on the fubje&of taxation, A« Writer point 
circiimf: tfconfiderabfe t » which 

government naay be;, but to wni< . never n. 

urged by irrefiuable neceffity;— « But ther- . ing 

in our taxes by which lUey raifc the price of pr< that 

ought not to be over-looked, beeaufe it U rrrrain rh it it may 
be removed, while at tbe f*me tiir.r it ii evident that no bid 

Can folic*. Thia is (fir money fperit by the I 
gatherer?, who not Only raifc itic price of provirK&i ty i 
Jaxury, bur alio by the great amour* of their talariea 
heavy taxes to be laid upon the people. It cannot but appear 

■» uxes are multiplied, ind debt increased, pt^Jl 
and pealiona ihould Ikevrife bt ied, and falsi 

creaied. i -k Into the | . and obfervc b] 

wftooi budneli is done. Jt it no; dor.? by principals who hav< 
tbe extravagant fttarics, in Tome cxlea not even by deputes, bi 
by the clef let and d utea. Thcfe arc the 

wbodoihc bufiaefa foe trifling fabrics, whi'c rhe pri 
never ra-ink of it, and indeed 

Surely th-ic petfotw arc loft to ill .ch bjii 

idle* c*ji rvhi-ld the poor ind faduftrious taxed "o fuppon 
Usvry and extravagance, and vrho, inltead of bcli 
bteffing upon the laborious hands fee 
ready upon dvcry occafion to Iqueczc and to opprcl> tn.w, Ja 

ifiblc to imagine, the collecting rhc pu 
cothfonvnflr'.»u> a furn av three mdliontf' and yet there c nnoc 
baric t, lad the fau/tc* of all fine- 

cure *>ftcc(. Many are th- fchemet that have been propofcJ for 

h <»1 debt, and cafingthc people of the btirtl] 

Mae taxet lard upon them ; but lately of all their* the moll na* 
ii the favm* one or two millions annually in tbe article vl 
pofhand penfiom.* 

Wh iiO'JB falafies here hinted at, arc orer or 

under- rated, the i 

government, that to maintain extravagant ulclcU hand;, it the 

hi^h road :o rum. But whete f«-> many gl*f>ni trutha aic con* 

tinaatlypuhhlrx'd, on oQi want of u meftiC ■■ 000 truth 

«> c fins of our governors, »r< i ft 

When luxury ha* Contaminated a Who 1 3 nation, tbc 

i .n will relate to ttic probability of re >ur polui< 

j rootlet and regulation*. But it" it n i kninal to 

commonwealth, wc ought ac all evrntt to ii 

N .*clfare to the hft. This however will not br clTeUcd 

by re* complicated b< ftrMf 

i arc merely the patch woiL 
1 Baa been ratfed too h;^h anJ overloaded, unti 

fuperftrutflii-c is !oui>d too btjvy fbf the foundation, \i wm\\\ic 
RtT. Ju)/ j;/j. C GtttHrMA, 

1 8 The H'tflory of the Brit'ifb Dominions In North America* 

fu.rveycd, lightened, and reduced to fuitable dcmenfions: and a 

f" ood hint for the coaimencement of this indifpenfible work has 
een quoted above. Our Author pmpofeai fome other whole* 
fpme regulations ; but for the(e wemuft refer to the Pamphlet, 
■which is one of the mod pertinent and comprehenfive that bath 
appeared on this. interesting fubjecx,iince that which was pub- 
lifhcd fome years ago, by Mr. Soamc Jennings*. 

If there is not, on every point, a perfect coincidence of fenti- 
.'men t between this Writer and Mr. Arbuthnot, where is the 
fonder,? Op. what fpeculatiyc fubjecVdo the various judgments 
of men entirely accord ? 

'Art, IV. Tbt Hificry of the Britijh Dominions in North America : 
' From the £rtl Difcovery of that rail Continent by Sebailian Cabot 
: in 149;; to its prefent glorious EftabliftimcBt, as confirmed by th« , 
-.Treaty of Peaee-in^i 765. 410. iL' i.s. Becket. 1773. 

* TT ISTORYJ in its different branches, has always been 
* JLjI. cfteemerf one of the molt rational, improving, and enter* 
taining parts of learning; and there never was a period in which 
there has appeared a greater avidity for publications of 
this kind, than the prefent. We will not detain our Readers 
by enquiring whether this eager defire of hiftorical knowledge 
arifes from a folicitude for real improvement, or is chiefly the 
effect of mere curiofity and fondnefs for a prefent amufement, 
in which latter cafe the reading of hiftory cannot be expected 
to prove folidly beneficial. However this is, it is very evident 
that writers and bookfellers have attended to the taite of the 
times in this refpect, and have been very diligent in furnUhing 
matter for its gratification. 

The continent and iflands of America have fupplied large 
contributions for writings of this kind, which have been fedu- 
loufly improved ;■ though there (till no doubt remain a variety 
of materials which might properly employ the pens of ingenious 
then. Our own plantations, efpecially fince the additions made 
to them by the late war, are objects well worthy attention in 
this view, and have, accordingly, often fet the prefs to work. 

The prefent Author, who does not feem to regard his work 
as worthy of his name, has thought that an addition might fea* 
fonably be made to the publications of preceding writers on the 
fame fubjeel; and his volume is merely to be confidered as a 
compilation from the feveral hiftorians who have gone before 
him in the fame walk: for there is no reafon to think that the 
. -Writer has himfelf ever travelled in North America. What 
merit therefore bis performance may be fuppofed to claim, muft 
arife from a judicious fe lection and arrangement of thofe rela* 

• See Rev. vol, xxxvii. p. 470. 

8 tiens 

Tbr Hifoej *ftU Wtifi DtmaLm U -V. -. ■'- Jmtru* 

which have been given b* ethers ; tnJ in i: id 

fupeiiucity ti ; mull ba 

acknowledged. The V/crk conta a\ a conc*ic account of i .. 
icvetal pro 

cannot be luppofed lo cuter into bis it-L- -ad 

life <^"an Original Ji 

The nrtt book « inuc^cflc-ry to the hiilojy of racb pro 
it briefly treat* of tbc origin wf the Bntiih a h fcrtk- 

raoots; ami proem 

infraction* of treaties &c. until the time of the I 
cVnniriri: treat] of peace ia ahich r .ir war i d, in rhc 

year 1763: by which it 13 well known, conftdcrible territories 

The account of the ftaU • 
fnfl discoveries anil fci 

* I U#e ba waj -■- Iiiv . 

— ; - " | ; : 

:, n<> *cliic 1. 

a gicatcr de^i Ige? 

and civilization.- 

CQCfcr mines yet wtrcm ' . 

the kngliln came n wis 

a knife a wire il. i*lt 

until the 1 

them a tolerable ' it by 

s with oils A 

bow and an arrow beaded with (he 1 

weapons: , 1 c Befh of 

it tbeif food. Their principal in c\t<- 

gant fwift or 

re:t ban I 0. Ail 

their ambition wai (o be v . ' gave a man 

tion amori 
We ring it as Ionic what 

1 rtr'er 
progrefs towards cbc t u> 


: it, bcttb •. .»*. 
kind pracli.'cd w;th| 

.. Tbc ■ fpoken *>f, ai in 

the abon 1. : tit 

what it laid by •! WwJ 

: cjicia ; i 

C 2 

10 7h IFijJon cftht Britfo Dmimm iaXvth An. 

/.c the moll ioft&re, and foencdmes, when fo animated, they 
tic the moft fierce and defpcraie. 
The following fhort p*hT*jre» arccxtrflclcd from 'be account 
here given of the ^ovrrnment, climate, prndure, eVc. of Ncw- 
£ng!anJ| or rathe: ol MtfloeJiiAt'i Bay: 

* The plantations ami fauna in the old tiwnfbipi near Boflon, 
ate generally become fmalj, occasioned by i 
aflerttWy, which divides the real ai i i] effateof 

imc£a is, jitionp ill the children tr reUatetfth. The p 
there *rc much bi c law, and frequently 

die in:«itate: rue this humour ia attended with fomearfvtfn:age*; 
re a farm thus btcc mca fin all, the poffeflct cannot live by 
and h obi ell it to the proprietor oflornc adjoining 

i', and mo*e for trier inland, wlicic he can purc'i.ilc w 
land in titirici at an tth nee, ro rhr enlargement tf 

the country improvements. Thus ;n the townfhii now 

corr.pofc the county of WwccnVr, about half a ct iH Ufy ago, 
there were not above two hundred fjmilie*; whereas, in the 
valuation in ■ 74'» there were found in that county about tl 
thcufrnd two hundred taxable white male pcriona, though the 
number has becu fioct dimiuiflicd by the late wan an th;.r 

— 4 The farmers in New England, by lowing their feed early, 
the ground being prepared in ridges prj throw orT the rains and 
melting : It Mri&tCf wheat and rye with Rood fucecfo ; 

but their great difcouragi-ment hat been tht bleji. Sir Henry 
Frankland, fcveral years ago, imported from Lrfoon the feed of 
iummcr-uru* : has been left fubjecl to bl.tO than any 

other ; and it ripens about fix weeJta from the fowinc, in the 
MaslltchmTrtt colony. It has been generally leroarcrdj 
between the firft and tenth of July, the honey-dew filling upon 
wheat, caufca the i all ur ol.ul, if the folloi irning it 

hot and calm; but ordinarily, if ihe wheat be fown early, it 
will be fo forward itut ihr train will j.oc fuffcr by ic in that 
lime. An idle opinion prevailed among the populace, tha- ftnec 
the execution of the Quaker*, wheat h*$ always been blaflcd > 
but this folly was eq ual to that erne 

— ■ Land of a to'crabl? quality, where Englifh graft, a name 

given to rtcd gralTcs has been BDOWrd, they now find 

by experience wit) afford after-feed until the feverc /rofta Wither 

yaTs. Ic lias been made a question, wherhrr rfcc feed 

HOC In the earth in all parta of the 

country. 7 Tic New England farmers afLw, and there is nn 

doubt of the fac"!, thit if they break up new ground in the 

woul> where no dung baa ever been fpread and Jay it down the 

or the isme year, and give ii a thin coat of afhts, the 

whire-fconcy-fuclclc comes in as thick aa if the fccJ had been 

9 fo«Kt\: 


Tb* Hiflarf tftbt Britfo /)i*;Vm/ h Ktttb dmtrica. a i 

(burn: but forne lie of opinion, that the plant anil the dower 
from $h* tr-: ' ruckle.* 

The fece ,.d book concludes wi:h the 

^ paflacje j cxtracled, we fuppofc, from Ionic forme* 
writer on New tn^Ur il ; 

* Je has been recently </\d r tent Clrc^': Britain s* a country of 
«H«iot.*c1urcj w;thu-a: i:iaur*als, a trading nation without Loni- 
ow trade upon; and a maritime power without e!th<; 

(lores or mater jab tor (hip- building, That it is this Gtm* 
, which render* hnth trade and plantations To etfcnttally 
necctf'ary, iox the tupport of Great Brttaini is well u agricul- 
ture, wbrrcby at many people aic pcthap* ua mairied in Brrrain, 
M by t.Se produce of the lands. H'ncn itu clonics mace (uch 
<.*mH\wdw^. .-, ji wanted in the mo; hcz- country, of which 
there are many , <hcy mufi cVpenJ upnr. her for the vent of iuch 

I) for their d.4. nee i and as 

Cireae Britain ii thebeR market in the world for inch . cimmo- 
d-titS that make* tluir dcc-ciidencc their inL;rcH, and intejcll 

tula the wo.'ld.' 

hi' it's account of t!»e ir.n bi'anig of Rhode 

in |i* knowntumauj ol • " i Readers^ to tome 

.ijr be new and .» * il -t Rhode JllanJ 

cwloik) was*. , Fjiii Ms, Aiulia;itiib, 

Antitabbatariam, A'injoiinf, , Q_* »kcrs, Ranter*, 

aod every thin;; lu: R nun Catholics, and t-uc Chrift ,. 
4fta#r#>r«, meia £*m.* He JfeouU hi.r -ddte 1 , lumc HmwruLts, 
IncJc pendents, and Congregation -r not forn»cd itto fo- 

rward* there was a rvoofc or two upon toe 

iland, which ^aTc lop * of » farther reform t> 

In the hirtory of New York fome <Jc Viipoon is na-urally 

firrto, from diderent writers, or tli- Inci wis generally known tt> 

:hc denoi ■/ tot French 

i i toque • . >ro among other particulars, the folio*'- 

.'ram Cold 

* Tfccre m onecufluai their obtervft, which I 

mvft ooc fitfgf acA 

nand tfar . or though tlicy 

..«..■. of any imminent danger, they never icll it at 

town for or two, si lead, 

in fi'tnce, to i vhcmfelves befoie they fpeak ; that they 

may not Ihew any degree of fear or fu/pnae by ;in indecent 

especflion. Every fuJoVn repartee, , kavea 

with them ai imp ion ol -i light ineoiifidi I i)d ; but 

inr*. i icy ufe, and are us delighted with, briflc 

. anfwtrs 14 we can be. By this they Oicw the ;;rc;t dif- 

;« they place batwetn the conversation of m*n ixA tsvw^ 

C j aui 

il firydonc'i Tour through Sicily end Malta. 

and of nation and nation ; in which, and a thoufand ether 
things, they .might well be an example to European nations/ 

To the credit of this Writer, we muft obferve, that he dis- 
covers nothing of a party-fpirit 5 for, although be has drawn his 
materials from different writers he fpeaks with decency of every 
denomination of chriftians. The difputes which have arifen in 
later years between the colonies and the mother-country, do 
not come under review in tbis volume, which only brings the 
hiftory down to the conclufion of the laft peace. 

y^RT. V. A Tour through Sicily and Malta. In a Series of Letters to 
• William Beckford, Efq; of Soinerly in Suffolk, from P. Brydone, 
F.R.S. 8vo. 2 Vols. ia s. Cadell. 1773. 

WITHIN a few years pad the public hath been favoured 
with various relations of the travels of men of fenfe 
and obfervation, which are always acceptable communications: 
fliey never fail to prove extremely entertaining, and they will 
generally be found to be as ufeful as they are agreeable. 

Of this happy caft are the travels of Captain Brydone ; whofe 
letters prove him at once the gentleman, the fcholar, and the 
man of fcience : a rational obferver, a philofophical enquirer, 
and a polite and pleafing companion. His ftyle is natural and 
eafy, his language free and flowing (though not always cor- 
rect *) and his manner cheerful and lively ; yet properly varied 


* There are fome North Brnifh or Irifh idioms, which are a little 
offenfive to an Englifli ear : for inttance, vol. I. p. 27, 'ft foon as the 
ftones, thrown into the air, by the cxplofions of Strombolo, have 
fallen down, the light is extinguiihed /—an Englishman would have 

.written, ' as foon as, &c/ The fame fault occurs in many places ; 
as, in p. 41, • fa /eon as he difcovercd the ftraits, he repented. &c/ 
Again, p- 44» * fofoon as our fhip entered the current, we were car- 
ried along with incredible velocity/ Again, vol. II. p. 73, • the lady 
Komifed him an interview, fo foon as the court (hould go to Portici/ 
vol. I. p. c$. 1. ult. we have, ' we fhnll leave this (inftead of 'u.< 
/hall leave this place) as foon as poflible/ this phrafe is el ft- where 
repeated, in the fame volume are many little flips of grammar, 
which the Author will, no doubt, corred in the fecond edition : 
fuch as, p. 30, * It is probable that Strombolo, as well as all the 
reft of the Lipari iflands, are originally the work, of fubterraneau 
fire/ Again, p. 133, the colleQion of medals, cameos, and intaglios, 
fro very princely: and, p. 194, * the whole courfe of thefe rivers, 
are feen at once/ &c. In p. 137 we have, ' the church belonging 
to this convent, were it finifhcd, will he one of the fineft in Europe ;' 
inftead of when fnifhtd, or, if finifhed, would &e> &c. Turning 

' back to p. 49, we find that the harbour of Meffina is ' one of the 
•mtfi commodious and Jafiff in the world, after ftips have got io/ 

"Certain phrafes, current in common conversation, bat hot allowable 

Br jrJor.c'? Tcv i&rgrgb Sttify and M~ a j 

the fcveral fubjeS?, whether ^iy or fcriow, « iheyoc- 
couifc of the i i.*e». 

The Author, as <*re collect from one or two vtry 
.,s mfafiaU in certain parts of :Lc 1 
chara&< feme you/1 lion ; 

whole friends feem to have rniJc 4 happy cbi 
whom rhc> :b fu important 

•■■% the Eftorill fcnJ forming r puih, in the 

moA delicate Mid di m anil d '? he 

detail of the Tour commences a: N whence the firtl 

:c<J, wi t!ic 14th of May. 1770. 
We have often h^»rJ great encc 

■.. !iich our Author** acaoLir of :li:t < I 

carrefpond t but ** .J to crc 

DORMiCivc [0 4 

be under the in3u*nce, 
or c*f rjcioufl power, I waofc tloroiiiioct the • 

mtf travel !• r I A, 

j' r/faoded, favi Mr. U. th :t oar irtdicil people art under 
~i with rcra/d to tt.i» climate, fl 
in ; InR it it 
iWtfoawhit wehfttenbfrrved gsiif. reea withtfce j»re;«r* 

»■ work* prepared for tltc uiced 

above) arc ft ii theft I 

the charches are , wy ***&, 
ftodd a fe 

the ch*J«**<« ■ * a - - c ....-.' r. ' '* -■ i 1 ■■: It Ilk* 

■ardoaable. P. jo-, ' It ii /** »v/ 
be the eat* 3 m ■ 

[.•Ill 1 ' <C C 11 •: I ■: 1 

• •! ! •.. ,1 
... • . 


'• p- 


r**j' .Abate! 

i< at i • We 

1 f hat etf 

■ ." &c 




i • 
■ red. 

C f Wft 

34 Brydone'r Tour through Sicily and Mv(ut. 

part of oar valetudinarians j but more particularly with the gouty 
people, who all fouud themfelves better at Rome} which though 
nluch colder in winter, is, J believe, a healthier climate. Naples, 
to be fure is more eligible iu fummer, as the air is conflantly.refrcih- 
•d by the fea breeze, when Rome is often fcorched by the moft in- 
supportable heat. Lift fummer, Farenheit's thermometer never rofe 
higher at Naples than :6. At Rome it was at 89. The difference 
is often Hill more confiderable. In winter it is not lefs remarkable, 
Hei«, our grcateft degree of cold was in the end of January ; the ther- 
mometer ftood at 30 } at Rome it fell to 27; fo that the difference 
.of the two extremes of heat and cold laft year at Naples, was only 
40 degrees ; whereas at Rcme it was no ltd than 6a. Yet, by ail ac- 
counts, their winter was much more agreeable and healthy than, 
ours : for they had clear frofty weather, whiJrt we were deluged with 
perpetual rains, accompanied with exceeding high wind. The peo- 
ple here allure us, that in fome feafons it has rained conftantly .every 
day for fix or feven weeks. But the moft difagreeabte part of the 
Neapolitan climate is the firocc or fouth-eaft wind, which is very 
common at this feafon of the year; it is infinitely more relaxing, and 
gives the vapours in a much ftronger degree, than the worft of our 
rainy Novembers, It has now blown for thefe feven days without 
Intermiffion ; and has indeed blown away all our gair:y and fpirits ; 
and if it continues much longer, I do nil know what may be the 
conlcquence. it gives a degree of Ufli lode, both to the body and mind* 
that renders them abfoluteTy incapable of performing their ufual func- 
tions. It is not very furprizing, that it mould produce thefe effects 
on a phlegmatic Englifo ccnllitution ; but we have juft now an in- 
stance, that all the mercury of France mud fink under the load of 
this horrid, leaden atmofphcrc. A fmart parilian Marquis came 
hereabout ten days ago: he was fo full of animal fpirits that the 
people thought him mad. He never remained a moment in the fame. 
place ; but, at their grave conventions, be ufed to uup about from 
room to room with fuch amasing elafticity, that the Italians (Wore he 
had got fprings in his fhoes, I met him this morning, walking with 
the ftep of a philofophcr ; a fmelling bottle in his hand, am) ail hi* 
vivacity cxtinguifhed. 1 afted what was the matter? " Ah I mon 
*' ami, faid he, je m'ennui a la mort ;— moi, qui n'ai jamais feu 
" l'cnnui. Mais cet execrable vent m'accablei et deux jours de 
«' plus, etje mepend." 

The natives themfelves do not fuffer lefs than Grangers ; and alt 
nature feemi to langujfli during this abominable wind. A Neapolitan 
lover avoids his minrefs with the utraoii care in the time of the firocc, 
and the indolence it infoircs, is almoil fnfficient to extinguish every 
pa 15 on. All works of genius are laid afidje, during its continu- 
ance; — and when any thing very flat or inltpid is produced, the 
ftrongeft pbrafe of difapprobation they can, bellow is, " Era fcritto 
*« in tempo del firocco ; M that it was writ in the time of the firocc* 
In vain did our ingenious Traveller endeavour, by enquiry, 
to obtain fome account of the nature and caufe of this very 
Angular wind 3 — ' the people here, fays he, never think of ac- 

Brydoric'' Twr tbn^b SU-fy axJ Stafa 


j for any iking/ He applied to a celebrated phjrfician ; 
bus the phy-faciaa was *s ignorant of (be matte: 41 tin neigh* 

In the fccond volume we meet with a fan her defcripton of 
tfec firoee, wirh which our Author happened 10 renew hi* ar. 
quaincance ac PaJerno, in Sicily j where he found its violence 
increafed, but its Juration was much ftiorrcr : for 
in Sicily it feldom lafts above 40 hours. Here he again endea- 
voured u> icarn the caufc jnd fuutcc of this fcouhing pheno- 
menon j and he feems :o have been a little, though very little, 
more fuccefsful than he was at Naples. He met, at Pale: 
with an old man who had written upon the fubject, and who 
maintained it to te the fame wind that is fo dreadful in Africa* 
wherr it fometimr* proves mortal in the fpace of half an hour: 
and, indeed, the vicinity of this illand to the coaft of Bar bar/, 
» futneient to countenance the old man'* aflcrtton. 

refeSing QMAdi like Mr. Brydono'j, could not but be 
flrucfc n .irlanclaoljr change which this line part of Italy 

hath experienced iincc tht time* of lit ancient fplcndor and 

* Tfeewhciecoau that furroundi the beautiful bay of Naples, par- 
ticata/iy taut near Puzzoii, Coma a Miccnurn, and Baia, tc obicms, 
is covered over with innumerable monuments of Roman magnificence. 
But, m are tlie mighty fallen ! This delightful coafl, that 

was once tie garden of all Italy, and inhabited only by the rich, the 
j»f , aod luxurious, :* now abandonrd to the pooreft and molt n; 
at'le of aioruh. Perhaps, there i: no fpot on the globe, that hai 
sodcrf-nx fo pcisecl a change ; 01 that cin exhibit fo ft: iking a pic- 
twr •f the vanity of heman grandeur. Tliofc very walls that onc« 
loaded a C*far, a fhoft/, the richeit and mnft vo- 

lapseoua of mankind; ire now occupied by the very mean fit and 
nil iadigett wictclici on earth, who arc aflcally (lanring for want 

intaeae very apartments e the femes of the rnoft saheardH " 

fcrary ; wfcerc we are cold lint ftsppera wrre frequently given, that 
coal arty tboufand poandt ; and some, rhat even smouatc.1 to double 
that lam : a decree of magnificence thai we h&ve «rv dignaliy 10 
ferns any idea or". The laxu : or Biin nas fo great, rhat ft 

became a. proverb, even unon^lt ihc Inxurianl Rumsuisihunlclvei. 
Aa4, at Room-, areofrta find ihem Bphraidtag wuh < •, and 

rpKunlm, those wfto fpeat much of their time in this icene of d>- 
lij;! 1 in Cicero's teeth more than a 

that orator's having putCAifed a Villa here, hurt hira Dot a Ktth m 
ifc>r id BtOfC -uftere fart of the fcciatr. The 

i! ihcie palaces nill remain ; and che pnnr peabrm, ifi 

Jifaces, ba«e boilt up their raifcrabJ* huts within tc- 

tat, there is not 00c gem !r a. an or man of lafhion ■ .■ y 

part of dbatCoamtr" ; the former Rate of wfc 1, 1 with 1 

btssc&t, certainly nukes the molt liaising conu in able. ■ 

* T\us 

iS Bry3oncV *Fcur ibrough' Sicily and Malta, 

* The bay is of a circular figure ; in moft places upwards of :• 
miles in diameter ; To that including all its. break* and inequalities, 
the circumference is considerably more than 6p miles. The whola 
of this fpace is fo wonderfully diverged, by ail the riches both of 
art and nature, that there is fcarce an objed wanting to render the 
icene complcat ; and it is hard to fay, whether the view is more 
pleating from the Angularity of many of thefe objects, or from the 
incredible variety of the whole. You fee an amazing mixture of the 
antient and modem ; fome rifing to fame, and Tome (inking to ruin. 
—Palaces reared over the tops of other palaces, and antient magni- 
ficence trampled under foot— by modern folly. — Mountains and 
iflands, that were celebrated for their fertility, changed into barren 
waftes ; and barren waftes into fertile fields and rich vineyards. 
Mountains funk into plains, and plains fwellcdinto mountains. Lakes 
drunk up by volcanos, audextinguilhed volcanos turned into lakes. 
The earth Kill fmoaking in many places ; and in others throwing out 
flame. — In fhort, nature fcems to have formed this coaft in hermoft 
capricious mood ; for every object is a lu&i nature. She never 
fcems to have gone ferioufly to work ; but his devoted this fpot to 
the moft unlimited indulgence of caprice and frolick.' 

The piituro here drawn of the bea-u.iful fcenery which pre- 
fents itfelf to the eye of an obferver, from the middle of this 
celebrated bay, is quite enchanting. — The veffel in which our 
Author had fct fail, in order to depart for Sicily, was fortu- 
natery becalmed, in the n.iidft of all thefc delightful objecls; as 
though the. wind had courtcoufly fallen back on purpoie to give 
the paflengers time for contemplating the beauties around them* 

* The bay is ihut out from the ivicditerrancan by the ifland of 
Capic, fo famous for the abode of Auguflus ; and afterwards fo in* 
famous' for that of Tiberias. A.little to the well lie tbofu of Ifchia, 
Frocida, andKifxja ; the celebrated promontory of Miccnnm, where 
jEneas landed ; the claflic field* of Eaia, Cuma, and Puzzoli j with 
all the variety of fcencry that formed boch the Tartarus and Elyfium 
of.thcantients; the CampiHilegei, or burning plains where Jupiter 
overcame the giants ; the Monte Novo, formed of late years by fire ; 
the Monte Barbara; the pi&urefqae city of Puzzoli, with the Sol- 
faterra fmoaking above it j — the beautiiul promontory of Paufillipe, 
exhibiting the fincfi fcenery that can be imagined ; the great and 
opulent city of Naples, wj(h its three catties, its harbour full of 
mips from every nation, its palaces, churches, and convents innu- 
merable. The rich country fro© thence to Portici, covered with 
noble houfes and gardens, and appearing only a continuation of the 
city. 'I he palace of the king, with many others furrounding it, all 
built over the roofs of thoic of Hcxculaneum, buried near a hundred 
feet, \>y the eruptions of Vcfuvius. The black fields of lava that 
have run from that mountain, intermixed with gardens, vineyards, 
and orchards,. Vcfuvius.itfelf, in the back ground of thefcene, dif- 
-charging volumes of fire and fmoak, and forming a broad track in 
the air over our heads, extending without being broken or difiipated 
to the uunoft verge of the horizon. A variety of beautiful towns 


Brydont'i Tsvr ihrttqb SLify end Malta* j» 

and Tillage*, rcond the b*k of the n-nunuia, ihoughtlcA of tlie im- 

peadin( rain I iliem. t«mc ot tbcfc arc reared 

orer ol tompeia rr.dSubia, where 1'Hny prrifacd ; 

and with their touAdanons hivo pierced ihrtuj red -.bodo of 

Ihc anlicnt Romany— ta-*ufind» ol wh iried here, (be \ic- 

of ibis inexorable ino«n:*in. N- r* ten five ~nd 

romantic toxtt r! o Muc, So/rc : rd 

wit* « very pictafefqee object in nature. Il waj the (hadyof t 

aed bcfiuulul couatry that sn.-mr>d o jt gicauil bndkape-pajateii. 

««5 the School of Poj|£tt «.d SkUaxor Rofa, but molt partita. 

', who coojpofcd rainy of Jus iii«- . < d piece* 

from ihe boW crxggy rocki that fu--:i;:;i :ii»coaA; and no dou ■ 

■ om the d C objecli, thai tiey 

Hon .ththatv:.- .:.e; i.iie OOaMnOakatcd 

io tW%«tU ifcisb Tu: Ingf, 

Oiould I tell \ou that thia inuncn-c wirl, tbii prDtiigiottt 

ryof mounutm. v*l ;J iflafcdi, covered ore* 

crdiirr, and loaded with the he**. 1 aU 

ibe » '• 1 uaaf. . 

jieaz a flretch of faith to believe certain, I 

can only be doubled by ikofc who nc u.- curiulity to 

oraimnr tr. It i% Grange, you tull Cij, that nature fliouli m ike ufe 

- frm« agent to create as todef'rny ; and rhat what has only been 

ketcd upon ai tac confjraer c ' wer thai 

produces UDMli laHfffi :':ii j>.;rt i haft 

■adcrgoa* the foai -m ; - .i.»ua::il «-pn il* wtu^cof k: but, Like 

from in 0*9 aflic*, in much greater 
The trace* of the le 
dii- r i tbc) 

in* ^cc i - ujwicd 

ts!«rary la their efiecb. The arc in 11 u not ;.-ct extiiw 

j»uaed, il r-.^ri wirh any 

4tmc or 

I*> dcfcnbisig ZinM, our curious Tra- 

veller ha* many n of 

sencrablt I voicanoi. He tike* 

C! it ran of lava, Git or ("even miles 
id, and of an enormous depth, which had fluwsd into the 
fea, driven its wave* bite ;or uuwaidi : formed 

a large, black, btgh pionv it was deep 

water. Thb lav*i osij Author i in- ucd, 

,, as yet, he (ay*, cove; very fcanty Ibii) had 

unuin but a . £%o- t but he wa* fur- 

3d whtO SigflOf Rccupero, an :: I Ca- 

; (who i- . 1 cd 

hirn that fi* very lava i« mcritioned by Di.*dorus Siculu; to 

tavc buril lr«>m toe ro?cano in ft'c tii-c of thr fecond Funic 

war, when S/racufe ws Ronum, 

■ chrtcpt « ■ 
fiegcu. Tbey were ' . . . 

a8 Brydone** T$ur tbrntgb S/'afy and Malta. 

which had reached the fca before their arrival at the root of the mo**- 
tain, and entirely cot off their paftage; and obliged them to retars 
by the back of .£tna, upwards of 100 miles about. His authority 
for this, he tells me, was taken from inscriptions on Roman monu- 
ments found on this lava, and that it was likewile well afecrtained by 
many of the old Sicilian authors. Now as this is about 2000 year* 
ago, one would have imagined, if lavas have a regu!ar progrefs in 
becoming fertile fields, that this mult long ago have become at leaft 
arable: this however is not the cafe, and it is as yet only covered 
with a very fcanty vegetation, being incapable either of producing 
corn or vines. There are indeed pretty large trees growing in the 
crevices, which are full of a very rich earth : but in all probability 
it-will be Come hundred years yet, before there is enough of this to 
tender it of any u(e to the proprietors. 

* It is curious to conftder, that the furface of this black and barren 
matter, in precef* of time becomes, without exception, the moft fer- 
tile (oil upon earth : but what time muft it require to bring it to its 
utmoft perfection, when after 2000 years it is Hill in moft places but 
a barren rock? — Its progrefs is poffibly as follows. The lava being 
a very porous fubftance, eafily catches the dutt that is carried about 
by the wind j which, at firft, I obferved, only forms a kind . f mofs ; 
(his, by degrees, in creating the foil, finall niragre vegetables are 
produced, which rotting 10 their turn, are IftewiTo conversed into 
foil. But this .progrefs, I fuppofe, is often greatly accelerated by 
fhowers of a(hes from the mountain, as I have obferved in fome 
places the richeft foil, to the depth of five or fix feet and upwards ; 
and ftill below that, nothing but rocks of lava. It is in thefe fpots 
that the trees arrive at fuch an immenfu fize. I heir roots (hoot into 
the crevices of the lava, and lay fuch hold of it, that there is no in- 
stance of the wind's tearing them up ; though there are many, of its 
breaking off their immcnle branches.* 

This circumftance, added to the inferences that have been 
drawn from many other appearances in Nature, ftrongly tends 
to fubvert all our common received notions of chronology, and 
the age of the world. The Canon Recupero, it feems, not 
having the fear of the inquifition before his eyes, and forgetful 
of the fate of his philofophical predeceflbr, poor old Galileo, 
haa made ufc of his observations on the feveral flrota of lavas* 
to prove the »aft antiquity of the eruptions of &tna » and thus 
be reafons : 

* Near to a vault, which is now thirty feet below ground, and has 
probably been a burial-place, there is a draw-well, where there are 
fevers! flrata of lavas, with earth to a considerable thicknels over the 
furface of each ftratum.'— Now, * If it requires two thoufand years 
or upwards, to form but a fcanty foil on the furface of a .lava, there 
moft have been more than that fpace of time betwixt each of the 
eruptions that has formed thefe flrata. But what (hall we fay of a 
nit they funk near to Jaci, of a great depth. They pierced through 
seven diftinft lavas one over the other, the furfaccs of which were 
parallel, and moft of them covered with a thick bed of fine rich 
earth* ' Now, fays he, the eruption that formed the kmeft of thefe 


Ttur tb't*ih Siuly a%4 ALiu. 


if *e way b* 14 tttScm free* analogy, stun bar* 

ftoptc fiuf* the a»'> leaft fourteen thfu&iui yean «j*o." 

ure find, ha*, ax larl ':ngl/ 

-rd pear Rc*:urj-i<»; who conf-iicd to Mr. Brydoi 

Wary \A .T.i-m, be found M< 

<*p'*fi Uim, at: I for rn- 

- he reully Km not the runfeienco to make Ms 

I ropfcwt make* the world." — And 

Hal/ tbi_ > icaiba to be unenfy. 

tor « it M tbot » trie Bilhop, who it flranuoullf 

t*tho-doa~ii*f it it an excellent fe««— liaa already warned (bo 

C&ucxi r ■ ' | i t. i i >u»rd ; and nol p/ettfld to be a belter 

. nor prdurr.c to urge any thing 
that rt be deemed contradictory t« 

will become or the book, or 

Wifa> it» i?, to IK, rn utter ofy>dr- 

jiij r.v,lur . v.xu • \ I. e: n'.iI.L-.i-h wc (bould fioccrclv 

rcjo. mutiny of reading fo curious a dtl 

is performance, and that a rery err- 

ler.annr from L'jpt. B/i defctiption of hit 

to of the wonderful mountain abf 

t day-break, that the party 
totr.. .-.Is, their attendants, and guKlty 

fctcm" • UbOfiutis yet pkanngCXpcdatioAi 

Tae ■ lain a divided into (hire riiftinc) rrftant* 

3*d by the name* of the fertile, the woody, and tnc 

bauen the firft in the lower, the fctond the middle, and tn^ 

I fofm* the utprr pit! I hey are at different, both in 

a« the three SOM of the eaith ; 

and perhaps nvght (.u cur T>avt!lcr oblerve*) with equal 

i .xu ft; led x the to*p4T<itt t and the 

Hit lunocndi th- foot of the mountain, and 

counlrr in the worl i. 

- of a-br i| whore the woody region 

begin*. »oft entirely of lava, w r a 

■Tiber of age*, H at Uft converted into the richtti o< AX 

n tbey rad tr. I velve miles up the fertile, or 

cd a: the village of Nscolofr, where 

tbty At Catania it 1tr«xJ at 

elevation •» not fuppofed toex- 
^'JCO U<:, ye* the .unite w.ij. ocaily changed. At Ca- 

* From the Ci'.j* ot'Catana, fi:u*i<U a< ilic foot of the mouv.-.v.. 

5 o BrydonVs 7iar rtav* &v$ at J Malta! 

tania the harvest was entirely over, and the heat wjj ink 
por: ra it va* moderate, and r'nr corn ye* green. "1 he? 

I of this region, which t-. ch:^ucrcd with vineyards, or- 
chards, and cum-fields, is reckoned tlcc fineft in Sicily ; parti- 
cularly tin 

In abridging the narrative of this journey %ip the mou 
it is impoiSble for uj not to injure it irreparably. Our narrow 
limits will oblige u to pit's orcr a thoufand curious particulars j 
to omit almoft all the Author** ingenious obfcrvattutis relating 
to the litem nrci of this (hipcridous volcano, and to its various 
craters and crruptioiis : and !o hs^en, at fait as the narure of 
fo difficult a march will Allow, to trie tremendous principal 
crater at the tumn-tir. — Wennsft mr, however, omit tr>6biVrve, 
that this lower region of the treat parent mountain, is covered 
©ver with a mult : IdTet hills, every one of which is a 

volcano, and wai y formed by an eruption: our Au- 

thor thus account* Mr th 

* As tie e.rrat crater of /ctn\ lifed to fuch an enormous 

heigh? above the lower region i ot the mountain, i poiiiblc, 

thai ■ and (he'c. and no 

dog below if. (hKld be carried bd the height of rwctie & 

ibably i" blgh li the mjaii of .x:na. 
. thai are thf mountain 

aod iti 
and ' Uni\i a \ 

walle the adjacent country : thefe 
arc fc^n iollowed br red hot toner, and roekt of a great fiae, thrown 
to «n Imsneclft towcher 

M itb Btjeiof ad «;cd At th= fame lime, at lall fortxs 

the fpherieal and conical maintains i bare nteniioncii', tinea 

tbii oroc<i» isfcpiihed in tftwcoe ■ it lasts 

fur rmmtas, which ivaath tea* eruption li >j. la that 

cafe, tbtr»oontaia formed Ja of a peal ie of thefc arc r.ot 

■ round, and upwards of one thcafaad 
feet ir. perpcr.' " are nut more than twtr 

or three miles round, an gh. 

' f\fter this mountain i the las a $eaerally burlls opt front 

ttery thing before it, ii ior ther 
noil part temrinited by taeti ooctsol an 

eruption; lew (bosesstlsM happen-, thovga lardy, 

l ara ; from the fiefc 

MlCl , onij the <iU with the- 

iooa of \cfuvsui, when: tuc elevation bciaj to m 
s he me) ret Is generally carried in 

lomena I have ' I; ■ - i T- 

rwemof Hones aad alho : 
vrichou iny new D b«l o ily & 

.jhtof the old one: till . 
mit of the D of lnc crater, and the c 

i .!» bas literally beet the cafr wfcb two croj 


BryoVne'r T*ar f&rwg h Sldfy and ?,ie>h*» 31 

Vive been *ii attentive witoefi of in that mocntaia ; but ^tua it 

upon *n 1 001 enough (ogive 

vcvtto fa 

One 01 thefc yovmc <£trus» known by tbc name of Monpc- 
ltrn, tfi£*ged out -lion, Iry it* Jut* 


tfcer of 1 fphtrtdl than a conical flinpe. and d 
U pcrpcodiC u.'ar ' il lo prr- 

fecuy regular on every )i 1 richly ov- mi 

flower?! **a* 1 cou!J 00c leave fo heavenly a Ijoe, ivi;kouct4f r^awH 
rcy;»c;. »U»c i;-.n. 14; un a md 

11 Xi cti^l'y fcottowcU v bowl. 1 walked q 

io<i. % *nii ihlajc ic is (Maitwhst •pwaxJi 


Moopdtcri ia of a very o'.J dale; and was for-nci by the 
eruption which deftro ■ -sucirul : near 

Hybla, once fo mmca celebrated I, r**c 

I 669, an g the *w1i 

no left than four months an- 

kti, bur i out about 



to two b: »3 Mor; .incJ 

jfjin on (be fovih hJe, laid • . try air-tlw 

w*. id the walli of tbaretor, lettee 

peered ii. • Ifl 

1 have UHJll 
peoples it fori..- where t'.crr were 

and filleJ up a p Iiki-, ol ;y too 

c to be I 
Author fa vi he found a Jrffrrr of w-Mncft 3n 
io the 

elfr. A ' fl >ckc4 

tta&ces of ihnr rudetuf*, j treatment ot I 

but heron hi rtativ from that of K-ron 

RiC' bout thiee yean he. 

#wc Mr- Brydor.e : and of whofe traveh «c i n an ac- 

count in our Rcvlevi for March in run 

tap, * 4 «*»•* . ic :1d! 1.. 

manner}, 1101 *.< tl: , as t?a*e] ■ tbc 

them. If eft peopl:, 

aa are to t * *1) place wtirango 

and where men liv< Nature) — 

They arc fincctc, and willing to oblige; and the ii.iv- ;cr hnd» 
the moll tood d nen in tlicfc well- peopled v. 

How thai I wc account for thii difference *. 
iucfa of our U J ar> 00 <Jovbt> fptkcit Of tV.o fetj>fa ** 


BrydoncS 7W t&rtKgl Stag and Maitd* 

be found them i and the difference wai f probably, all owin 
to fome accidcjit. The truth is, peihaps, firoply thfa»— 1\ 
JEincant arc like the inhabitants of other countries, fome indi- 
viduals arc more civilized in their manner*, and bohare better 
thin their neighbour*. Baron R- wr foppofe, met only wilh 
decent people, and Capt. B. happened to fall iu with a mob.— 
£ut it is now rime to purfue out journey. 

Leaving Nicolofi, afttr travelling an hour and a half o»fr barren 
ifid Uva, Our traveller* *rri?cd at the £r/. : :»-r SrlvtKt, or the 
Irmpctate /.one, * So foon at we entered thete dthgfaftlftfifli •, 
we itemed to have got into another uorM The air, which before 
wns fultry and hot, was n^w eool and rerYcftiinri and ertry brtrrx 
was loaded with a thoafind peffoftCtj the whole ground bcinrco- 
vcrcd v\cr with trie richcft afOxnatk [■Inn.',. par u of tuia 



gion arc really the moft heavenly fpotl nnon c.inh; and if m 
refembles Ml within, it may with e<|u*l jullic* be fa id to referable 
paradife without. 

1 It i» indeed a curious ccnfideration, that tlii.i mountain rtiould 
reunite cxciy beauty and every honour; and, in Jhort* Jl ;he moii 
oppofite and difTimilar object* in nature. Hrrr you ohfrrve a gulp* 
that form-rJy tarewout torrent* of fire and ftnoke, now covered wi 
the mol luxuriant vegetation | and from an object of terror, become 
one of delight, Here you gather the moil dclicou: (ink, rifing from 
what was but lately a black and barren rock. Here the ground is 
covered with every flower; and we wander over the fa b -nd 

contemplate this wildcrnci'r of fweets. without co nixie ring that hri!, 
with all iti terror;, 11 immediately under our recti and that but a 
^ids feparate us from iakci Of liquid fuc and briintloec. 

• Bu: our altouflhmcut llill increile-., oa catting our eyes on the 
higSr* rCgjotlJ of the mountain. There we behold. En perpetual 
union, the t*o elements that are at perpetual war; an immenfe 
julph or" fire, for ever cxUling in the midll of fnews that it has t-ot 

• Here, too, Baron Riedcfcl's account differ* from Mo D'j. 
Striking of :!ie fame forctt, the Baron fay*. * at the begi 

©sly found a few ever-green oak*, which were fur from fine, or : 
and advancing farther into the foreft, I Guv nothing but ftarnbeamr, 
and fuch like trrci, crooked and all bent to the ground —1 at lafl 
met vith fome oak), bat tiicr could not be called nnc, and were net 
remarkable for fi/e. This wood funoundi the whole IDOBMaaa, but 
is not thick, and eomilU of poor and inconudcr-blo 1 tm ' — it u to 
beobferved thai llthoogh 'he fafofl Ol tn raj r ia which thafc | 
ilcmcn vifited £tni waj neat a/ai the dii 

ence of all ioA •» m Afavcfc, in the be- 

ginning of fummer, mijrh: mrcc a neat ilcenrson in the 
ince 01 the foreft. The Baron w^v 1 j of Miy ; j n . 

to that year, it h*pu«nod to he a backward fotii 
be Icen to much j>reacer cifsdvista^e than 
(ptflibl>) atevaract fam Ektthu, 
if art have railed in r-ur frsersdlycn<ieari»ar!. to 
i*£ /yutu*, wc mull e'en leave tbcm to fcitlc the d 


ferydane's Ttxr thrttigb Suify cW MtrflA* J J 

cower to xaeh ; and immcnfe fields of Cncv and Ice forever fiirroand- 
Ug ilui gcljib of fire, which tfcey have not power to exting j 

1 Th* woody region of >£tna afcendi ftr about c«f>ht or nine 
miles, and forms an cxtft xoae or fcirdle. of the brightell srrtn, ftU 
around (he mountain. Th» niyht wc patTec through little mora 
tain tnc half of it ; arriving fbrnc time before fjnlet at oar lodging, 
vaich was en other than a I»'t*e cave, formed by one bf the mot 
en: and vtteeab!? lava*. It is called £« $tv.'*n'a A^ CapnJt, or 
gMU camu, became frequented by tticl'c aniiiuU; who take 
refare thctc in tad weather. 

" Here nf aene delighted by the contemplation of many ;?rei? and 
beautiful objects. Tfc* profoect on all iides i. ianmefeic ; and we •!• 
ready fecm to be lifted up from the cj;;h, and to haicgot into ft 
fie* world. 

:r cavern U furroumled by the »o!t /lately and rnajchMc oafci t 
cf the dry learei of which. tt* made very comfor:*ble bit!*: mid 
with oar hatchet) , which we had brought on purpolc, we uut d-j*« 
great branch**, aid* in a foort time, had a Arc Urge ci^jgh to roaft 
■a ox. 1 uUcrved my ibtrmoinctxt, tod fouad a ftojn 71 ai Nico- 
lofi # it bad now fallen belewfo. The batometer flood at ti 

•nd of our caue we ft ill ronrid a great quantity of fnew, 
c\ fceinetl to be fent :hcr« on pur,u!c for us, -" rhcie Wll no 
water to be found. With tftn w* nllcd our tra-ketllr, UNtfl 
bread and butier was fupper we had provided; .inJ probably 
the kfl 09/ to prevent us from being overcome by fleep or fttijrur. 

M a^reat way from thij casern, there arc lOFO of th# moffc 
beaotiral movntaiot of all that immcnfe num^ tool 

.Etna- I mounted one of cur heft an'o, and wit] I of 

di Scatty armed a: the fammit of the litild 

More uo-lal 1 H 

aa-= . "a» woadr- :htf 

riv<r -cocim. the ruins of H feci ' a hci lucleot towns | 

the ruwli ». ' r ttiour.- 

> ; ./. madd 

a d. mmd mcontnlni ar« 

My larger laUu that dI V- r art" 

mm filled with .';i!c.y ojfcs, and covartd to a £r«nt depth wiib tb# 

rkheat (bit. I oHcxved that m of £raa, like the farmer, 

lapofed of lava ; but thi* 1. rem- nbeaitbi 

Iftflt it u 00 *ocfe to be feer. bu: ;n the b COrreotl In 

Vftay of tbelc U is vtoro down or :h« •■ be Jipt-ior Tilly Ot 

kny f«r, aod jr more.— What ftn 

»cuf iiit ».*^.-ui^ j ( iu.|uiu uf the ciu^iiio..s of 

. rar-iatn ' 

• .*« ywe as it »ias dark wp reti(«d trs our cave, and took poflWSoa 


v mvellrra good niftit, wc !rxvc - 

r rapolff. at t 
- propofe to call u 1 :h;m »n Our ntait rXCurliun, Jinl 
to jeevwpa/tj tnc^; t j tb« »f of :! 

/-<r '//J- 


( 34 ) 

Art. VI- Sixty Sermons en plain end praQital Suhjeds. ty the late 
Rev. Thomas I'yle ; many Years Minifter of Lynn, in Norfolk* 
C«non Reiideiuiary of the Church of Sarum, and Author of the 
f araphrafc on the Aits, EpiiUcs, and Revelation, in the Manner of 
' Dr. Clarke. Pubiiihcd by his Son, Philip Pyle, A. M. 8vo. 
2 Voli. t2S. Robinf;n. 1773. 

THE Author of thefe difcourfes has been well known and 
refpecled in the learned world, on account of his literary 
abilities ; — in private life he appears to have been held in ffiH 
higher cftimation, for his integrity, piety, and benevolence : 
and all thefe <*.ccnmpiifhments and virtues are abundantly mani- 
Fcfhd in the poflhumous compdfitions now before us. Thefe 
fermons, are not indeed. remarkable for elegance of ftyle, or 
brilliance of femiment, nor do they abound in (peculations or 
profound and critical refearches ; but in lieu of thefe Shining 
parts of pulpit erudition, they are happy in the real beauty of 
simplicity ; they are well adapted to convince mankind of their 
true intcrtfts, and to perfuade us to attend, duly and earneftly, 
to th. ie important fubjecls, the true knowledge of which is (6 
requifite to their prefent and future welfare. — We ihall give a 
{hart fpecimen or two, for the farther fatisfadion of our 
Readers ; 

The fir ft fir m on in the fecond volume coniiders God's fen- 
tence on Adam, as it is related, Genefis iii. 19. In tbejweat of 
thy face fiah thou eat hread y &c. it is the Author's endeavour to 
extenuate (he feeming rigour of this fentencc, and indeed to 
ihew that in fad it contains little or no curfe at all. He afks, 
what ground was it that was curfed ? Not, he replies, the whole 
earth; but the ground of Paradife; that was curfed \ * implying, 
fays he, no more, than that it was lejs bleffed than before.— it 
was deprived of all its -uncommon beauties, and fpontaneou* 
fruitfulnefs— it was levelled with the common ground, and laid 
open to the reft of the earth; but ftill it retained its natural and 
general virtues.' Jn like manner the words * in forrow (bale 
thou cat of it,' he confiders only a? denoting that,—* if Adam, 
or ;>ny of his poficritycamca^ain to inhabit that place, they fhould 
find ir, in romparifon with what it had been, a forrowful abode/ 

it i» thus that our Preacher comments on this part of the Old 
Teftamcntj and on the whole he concludes it to he 'clear in point 
of Scripture, that neither the pains nor the fhortnefs of human 
life were the 0rigin.1l defign of a good Providence, but are the 
offspring of mens own wilful folly and vice. Labour and in- 
iluilry, he adds, were adapted by aimighty God to fwecten and 
|o prolong it.' The Writer's observations and reafonings are 
ingenious, but his explication does no: appear to us to amount 
to .he full force and meaning of the palliige in queftian. 


Strxvat vt pkir. and }r*f3itjl &kfyQ$ , 


The eighth fcewfes in tbia volume an 

Pro I 17. ./.*...-. 

wo. ate confidcred a' Igntfjing that, 1 the 

knowledge and nr a&icc «■' ■.. i: the perfection ol 

human mtnd.* The fecond of the fermoai conclude* with thi» 
ohorutKm : * I^et ut here remark a pi 

whereby wc may all ■ .«, and learn **W0 

lu^' i j>ion. and what flitr wc are in. 'ihc 

teaches you 10 jud^e of your ro nd, *j you u*©uld cf a tr 
tout ga;dcn : * by ii> fruits y<iu tfc If you ih 

I fuppofe rooft men do) that y*ur re i ■ cut p< Kcela 

• then, afl and clam <rei 

kite attained by 1- and frc, whether, it 0»aj not 

perhaps be wry j:o©d in if/*/", ind ret be md« worth icry little 


th« rfrrioe and facial virtues? Hai tl>e image 

ofyowr (JoJ *n J Saviour, in ufncu, mcekncfa, humility, 

all good natun I if fwccrcncd >our tern; 
an! io/cmd you. out 

I irviur to God whofe creat i they all are ? 

Or ha* it i>:;t left you flill cenfortous* four, fdrUh, and uncha- 
ritabli If it hat, depend > pon it l God ii not to be mucked/ 
thourh j4* may dcccirc ;»«•.' 

' ITjrouiaaagli heaita to be f-nc!*fi«J by believing at 

random what you do ikjC underfland, or fu Bering others to 
Ulu.c ana* to \ivefr von ; — if ,11 ciifurc your rdftgpQj) by 
the length cf your creed, not by the number « ,ood 

worki i— or if )Ou calculate >oui holiacfi bj tounds of dcro- 
tioci, by a circulation of reared prayers, or frequency of faera- 
mea*> #*£, without the pmtr of tha godlincfj along with the 
fsrm$fif t — in all tnefc ofr-s you ibufe rhr g™H mrars and 
utt< nc end. You have none of that fpu.t 1.-1 you, 

faftdftfl but are upon thr level with 

a footiui hufband ran, who make* a grc.t . ine* 

yard* withou. I n j any good plants in it: and when 

*mn comet, he h:t nothing to do but to*oaud try whether 

be can * gather giapevof taWna, or flg> from thifflea,' 

Inthciu Cttmoo this truy turiftian preacher urjei 

ha Scarcrj to a diligent guard ajainft the frtarea of an 

. from 7 P«f . j- 4. * Their 
(mj% he, nochnrtim, that has any w/W*r * { Q * ' ' I* i '-fling hi« 

! wiili a profyeft of/»«i he 

beorhti and reward* of it: and it would be deemed a fever* 
kauic, to cjk arc of yoa from fo precious an expecta- 

tion. But, at f!«.- Ur»rtin-. it infinitely concerni you alt, to 
. 1. .' ' •< 1 w '.1: ground you !' 

1^ another )}fc} Zxainitte icditu^ol 
l> % ^oi*t^% 

36 Noorthouck'r Hi/lory of London* 

yours, by the fruits it has produced. What good effect* has) 
your hope had on you ? Has it quickened your -endeavours #> 
merit the blelUngs you wifh to receive? Has it made you.par- 
takers of God's holinefs here, that you.may befo hereafter ? Maa 
the fenfe of his truth, jirftice, goodnefs and mercy, prevailed 
with you to * put on bowels of mercy* to your fellow creature* ; 
to * fpeak truth with your neighbours,' and to * do good even 
to your enemy. 7 ' Iffutb be your cafe, yoe may indeed have hqpe, 
and a hope full of {mortality! * But it your faith and confidence 
be no better than 'this— that you may get to heaven fume way 
or other, with all your lufts and vices about you ; and may be 
accepted in CbriJI 9 though you never were a follower of God ;— - 
be not deceived ! For though you may eafily delude ymrf$lf t 
Qod cannot poffibly thus be mocked ! j;s 

* All your other accomplishments may render you a man 
of the world, a man of bufinefs, or of Icience : but heaven (a 

the reward of none but the jW man. Turn over your Bible 

as long as you pleafe, you will find no fucb promife init r f* y 
* bleflcd are the learned, bleflcd are the ingenious and politic/ 
nor yet * bleflcd are the zealots- lor the articles of their church* 
or the formalities of devotion/ no not * blefied are the very 
propheciers, nor the worker? of miracles in the name of Ch rift t * 
but * bleflca are the merciful* for they' fhall obtain mercy : 
blciTed are the pur* in hearty for they fhall fee God: bleflcd are 
the peace- makers, for they Iball be the children of God/— they 
ihali be ihe children of his kingdom, and the children of tfeje 

The foregoing extracts will fuffice to give our Readers an 
idea of Mr. Pole's manner j and we have only to add, that hi* 
fcrrribns- have, among other exce lencies, the merit of not bejng 
long-winded, and tedious: a circumftance which will render 
them generally preferable to thofe wordy compofiliona that/fce'm. 
rather calculated to lull people aficep, than to ' awake ibcm^oy 
rjghtcoufnefs/ , . J" 

■ ■ — — ■ •„:■* !■ 

A»T. VI'. A new Ui/try of London ; incUdhng Wefmmfier *m d $ •**' 

- rwarJt. To which is added, a general ourvey of the. Whole » 

dclcribing the public Buildings, late Impr vcojent*, ^c. . UljirfUaajoY 

•ii with Copper-plates. By John Noouhoudu., jrjp. . J.l. JUfeft?* 

...bound. Baldwin. 1773* ' v „ # , -, .-.•;. :--;;i6>.r> 

AN Englifhman would probably be cHifged with parVlafll^ 
and' might incur the cenfure of the jealous' Tt/ft'fjjh^et, 
fboul-d he pronounce the capital of his own 'country^ t6 be°rrte 
firft city in Europe, if not fuperior to alienors lir rru- :l tfdfW| 
but let the unprejudiced and well-informed traveller fiirfy 

' "■■ " make 

NcorihcticV* H : J?9<yof L*dm. 37 

irilc the coinpirifoo between London arid any other known 
metropolis it ihii frfting, and we may fafrfy leave "the 

Aardicft fjn'niard tb-i 1 riic hfcarialj or the aiacf 

he Louvre, to driw the inference. 
The hiBor y, therefore, and farvey, of fo ^reat a«J flouriJliing 
an emporium, cannot bill excite corfidrrab'-c attention, both at 
home ami abroad - r and t very ctfay toward a comp'ete and fatis- 

t and prefent ftarc of 
woodex of the modern wceid will, tx> d».jbt, meet wt:h the 
<-Lcj;di<e and encourage:] . 111 proportion to 

iccaracy, judgment, aod intelligence with which h w exe- 

We have had vanojt arennnt; an J fureeyi of London and 
Wcftoiiafter ; of which Stuwe*s, StrypcS, an! NLit'and'i arc 
mot confider nbJe ; — hot <h^<r compilrmeiie* are too volu- 
minous, roo tccicm;, and *ry, to full the genrral tiitc,cfpcctallj 
.c present age, when fc.!i»-»s are brmmr quite out o/fafliion : 
— and that they arc fo,lhc groaiiioff, flutVciof etetj booicfclJcr's 
fbop bear woeful reft nv my. 

TheprcL: .is jnd intelligent Compiler, fpeaking* 

of - OUS pfCOCCclloiJ jjuvc-ii^nitij, bucfly ukct U tiCC 

c aiiO prolixity of tneir work?, and (ben proceeds 
Co captain the nature 411 i merit* of hit own plan* 

He profede intention of hit vnricrtalci, 

wis to give a connected htfloiicul, jm3 defcriptive account 
our metropolis, in a coneenier.r fize, ard at an cafy price; 
contracting vtrboic details, to bring the intcrcfiing n. 
together; and by a propel ictofjcfi moment, 

toi ;Ko(e of importance* 

cad f 23 i I 'ii ?icw b<. 

nor yet (he modclUy adJ» ( (b honourable as to afford any 

reward me c» cui <.i. 

Woerr -i tr:rwif, continue* Mr. N. travel the fame 

jownaty, it trill be Amv\\ ira.xiflblc for thofc who follow iaft, 

to avoid tr ■ leforOL It will 

hence, therefore, be obferves, be natural to fuppofc, Hid it >i 

acfcno , nc lad iflrious mlirger and eon- 

.vc and St type, ha$ been conlultcd, asae,oneral 

•ugh this Work. Where the w I i'ened Othci 

M,a» or- . or where he discovered fa*fU that 

efcaped M-uiUnd, — whi c», (he tells us) bccann 

nt m the Ja::cr periods or* 'he btflory, — the authentic* 

from whence they a , »:c produced as vouchers foe the 

Compiler, ^nJ for the fj:i«facftion of the Reader.— The I 

charters of London, w th other papers of record iclating to the 

la the Pry}tcl*i. 

D 3 


38 NoortbouckV HiJIory of London* 

corporation, and neceflary to be introduced,— arc claflcd togpr 

.ther in the Appendix: by which method the courfe of the 
hiftory remains unbroken, by the intervention of materials 

-which thofe, alone, who are intended in the affairs of the city, 

_piay wantto confuk occasionally. 

. . This Compiler who appears to be a warm and Ready friend -to 
liberty, very rightly obf< rves, that boroughs and corporation! 

-proved, at their wft erection *, excellent aflylums to artizans 
9nd traders to .fly to, and fecure themfelvea. from the arbitrary 

.rjaims-ofourantient feudal lords — In ihe work now' offered to 
the public, he fays, * the happy progrefs and influence of. com- 
merce in the great corporation of London, will be traced,' Ajntil 
.by the general dlffuiion of property, a more liberal, popular 
fyftem, of government took place of military barbarifm and 
feudal tyranny f. Commerce was the original parent of Englifh 


* The Author thews, however, p. 113, that although the corpora- 
tions were, at firft, fo happily iaftru mental in levelling the feudal 
diftinctions, yet, by their exclusive privileges, they foon became in* 
juriOQS to the liberty they had produced. " " 

f Having here hinted, to his Readers, to obferve the firft effect of 

corporation charters, in refcuing the political conmtutioo of thoa^ 

country from the feudal flavery, by diituling perfoaal liberty and" 

protecting property, he afterwards marks the progrefs of this great 

change, and gives the following epitome of it, at the time of the 

• revolution, 1089. 

. * As by this revolution, fays he, a finilhing hand may be faid'to 

v nave been put to the prefent Englifh coollitution ; it will not be be- 

"%'de our purpofe to paufe a while, in order to take a retrofpectlve 

v - glance over the general caufes that operated in the alteration of it, 

'■•/■tfter having thns traced the particular events. 1 . 

''' * The progrefs of the Englifh government may be reviewed. in few 

;»*roM%. When William the Norman eftabliihed himfelf and his fbl- 

nAjowtffs here, ha alio more extenfively eftablifhed the feudal f^amf -of 

"•^Jfovernment ; under which the king had little authority, *aa fh* 

: people little or no liberty. The barons not only coqtrouled the king 

in council, but . often oppofed him by arms ; and at the fame time 

^'oppreflcd the people under their territorial jurifdictitms. Ottiv jnfn* 

°'' , -lar fi rua tion however as it fecured us greatly from external bomities, 

,r and confined the barons to their domeftic conteft«-j fo military fobor- 

dination gradually relaxed, and gave way at Jaft to trade and civil 

- inftitutions. Trade gave property, property ■•enabled the people to 

11 pBrchafc immunities, which difarming the baroas cm one fide, the 

' legal power took advantages over them on the other-: and ■thus, kjow- 

. ; aver' -paradoxical it may appear, the king grew more abfolute a* the 

fWOple grew more tree. The feudal frame of government being 

.alaioft *orn out when Henry VII. at the end of a long civil war, 

obtained the crown; it is under the Tudors that we ijnd tjie regal 

power in its largeft extent. But an imperious church fiilf remained 


Ndortkouck'/ Hifirrj tf LciJc*. 39 

hit* ever finee mutually aJvaticei each other ; 
-and wc may continue tiCC, r kh, and happy, Jo long as wc guard 

/or both pnscc and people to for: 

. the 

J rktiaddJO* ■ 

'I^body. i.f ifpofeiith* peftf^r to hir>k* |«v»fe 

lie pnucc 
bQpof K<>-t vrMi all f*l ir jfDjrfy, ard uromc 
I . both ncsc ; I -: 

kagili uugLt the people t.o ruc'i fur tie p 

<i thai ' *a« ii 1 '.1 . an 

pr and people w.>l\ to-. \ 

i :- 

• jrow» formidable, a nil 

tiaa the crr.ttnxi.ti powtre-«I * wheel J* roc .*|; 

cooVavc retell iiimfelf behind a re-* 

iid united with ■ Willi 

■• imoreo.ct fafficientlf inclie-ed BO n tfce pa;*. 

-, M »ore fn'nunl^e to their dtfpotit riewi, ui»< ' 

ic p«*>plc :.) Kt: : .1 ore 

«> by the illiaree «>ich fepporrcd it. would <vh i ; 

Charles i. w-i the kin; wild whom t.>e koto 
a*etiord *. it was indeed at natural for him to p-rvrt < 
of trwfe p"^«T< which the imsnedi 1 

.-e people, well . icir Ibtngl 

red I t>a»»er *ithtn reofonablc linir*. Kcl rh-: £#<*"al 

v*e*»% of cither of tbe panics extended to pcitcive the 
• «n! crifu ; 11 rnfl.T peaerahle irrl^ment !»j I <r: 

tin: they both t&ed end<r the influence of earetimftjBoet* <aai rw 1 
em appeared 10 tndntfand 1 at (call Ciulei. unaappity tor 
<-?orarK it ihia 

n.ftinfl by 
- army tndera d < otit of horn, their 

• £i, awl broegbt the Uft of rh* Stj 
. 1 r ii«ereded nty «ca- 

■.\ :o t»* it : 
1 if the fathtf fulHfcti i^cri i i 

.1 feorpvu i<* Etgfffil 

till :fce esooa csILed iti 1 ttrci^ncr . 1 
■I the Jat: trrinc, andaxceptci the fttf tt e i gm on 

-poeae t**< tln/c v the ctfabliifcroean el 

■ ra remor- I thetn on .1 tract . 

f ov 1 in Lurtjon and oth ■ 

t it •*-»• not tOI tr -ped 

Ulioa of lie feudal iflftitt .: tbcj became g*a<i*l ; 

©of waj it till foftc taught our kingi to be jui. that the rightful 

an of the p*op> wr.-c fuUj odrtiued and coamtned. Thin 

I> ^ v., v ; 

4$ Noorthouck'* ffijfiry $f Unhn* 

Bgaiflt thcextenftort of military power, which, fine* the refa. 
raiion of Charles II. be* been again growing up, in another 
form, an - however plaujible in iu prefrnt inftWution, 

way, wiffi circumfpeclioni on the part of the people, be 

fame time or other ml (applied * — The influence, however, of 
commerce upon liberty is fo great, that till we have loft the 
one, we need not be very apprehcufivc that the other will be 
Tub- ^ ct -i Banding ifmy will ever bejuttly regarded a* 

Of the pri I ftlfy. 

r-.-mark, on the importance of the biftocy of 

\a- u -n, Ei certainly jafi. Jt include-, Ikyi l»c * mote than the 

vrit:4i 7 it Aril Bghr, icem to import Local is it may appear, 

taking is no lets than an hiilory of the operation ot 

though no original corcpaftcan be actually produced between king 

: people, » recent one » to be found at tan reroiution, ai valid at 

if t| hxil the fandbon of >cei i when govrrnaeat wa* a; u;t fettled on 

the br« ad bail* of popular alTcm and fuppou. 

' The happy eiVecls of this equitable ciublinSment, were foon fceu 
jn the rapid improvement finec made in every thing conducive to 
civil fooety. I he Security of peHbnal triedoi* 1 , aru ptopeety, gave 
free icopc 10 human obiluio, which the poorctl ol mankind enjoy 
equal!) with the great, ill ihc deference confiding in the cultivation 
pj il rm ; md private mtcrciUliciulatinr every one tu labour id tbcll 
feveral i_'ep.-,i totems, we arrive at chia conclufmn, that the irrril 
nation will aiways be the molt rich ind powerful. How ioos> a nation 
tool dekribtd. Cm prefers tiuie characUu. . i ncertain : nclm 

f'iroduccluavi), and lion ever favourable luxury may at M prove to 
. and commerce ; iu tendency to unmon the l>. 
ihe mind, fatally counterfeit thij fprcious temporary advantage. 

i mayalrejijy ;>.-gin to perctivf thiv fid truth, without any C 
jVtable prefaces ot being able to check its far when a p 

E.on ot manner* takes afton, i rcunn u» virtue n v. 
■ .i-il. and capcrirocc wine!, teachei u\ rial ibe n.iural progreti 
things is onward, dllcrHiti any foch rairof ride aouv«* 
pt> appear very unprcpicicui to the dura; 

■■ ■ ■ 
* All thing* de^encra'e in time, and nothing fooncr ilau govern- 
ment: liouctci p rudently U M) r «<*ra;e!y iu 
-•lined and limited, it i. comivnatly encroaching 
I people. Perhaps in fbfBefttfDn time, 

ti»uluon itij> K nccj- 
|il tj reduce it tc i:s iiti principles, and s .'■:/. * 

i ihit noiiine lefs than the aaitcd effort* ol 

this indifpenfible work, alien giie- 
tied to, inc/e.-ifc beyond i I po- 

.:y t «ncrvajcd b/ .olop'.aouiricls, may think it tf/Qfi l ten 

tQ the invaluable legacies tunl'mi: * 
to ikcna'by ikeir ar,ailor»j is a point that moil be If fi to their cob- 





c ill civilizing 

baibarou* ifland.' 

After briefly mentioning the great K^nj/ confluence w*ich 
tV cnizcn» ol London h**e acquired by tint wealth which is 
t*e natvral produce of induftry ; and touching »lfo on the in- 
fluence whch the advancement of commerce hath had cm the 
iaapfc*rrmri of oar civil policy ; Mr- N. proceeds to ex- 
p-jiutcon the amazmg extent of the mercantile connccliotif of 
ihccifzcnt ol London: in extern, fay* he, much beyond whit* 
ever the power of ar.ti'.it Rome ever reached by the (vroid. 
Here he introduce* a OM . by wfiich the glory ■ 

r emporium of the world furfcrt great diminution. Lon* 
doo, he affen.t, ileiivti more fcil J 3ilvjiiiJgc5 iivm a reciproca- 
tion o4 friendly officii with all thr world, than the latiei ever 
cujoynJ from an over-grown holtilc dumimon. In Rome, J;c 
add*, * the ftatr, eoilrdively, wa& powerful indeed, hut indi- 
ndoaii wrre poori until the plunder of provi-vce* enriched 
her comma ndm: when fhe fonn Ml a prey, firft in her own 
treacherous fcivants, and Afterward to rude northern invader*. 
In London we ire iiidrviduil- wealth), hccaulc they arc m- 
duD riout ■ ibe coni-i . I pe'.ifhrd focicty being enjoyed, 

in forte decree by all ranka nf her eicir.ens. The a?regate» 
therefore, w f* " for riches are the ftnewi or war, to a 

proverb. The hbcrtict of the ekireni of London have already 
ettftcd under a continual incrofr, longer than thofe of the 
*fpittm» Rorranii and they Hill fiuunlh under the cultivation 

of (>- "— 

Bui wbik I^oodun aj j crior to Rome, when their 

:.-e tl-.m eontrafled, it it here nfcfervrd char thd 
:.<c advantage* of their biftofiant are inverted i t hie I lie 
prataicur of majii&l Kcbkvcincnta jrivca a biilliancy to the ie- 
cotev of ihe cne ; while thr ufelttl labour} of commerce, where 
the writer dares not telfi any liberty with truth, ar.d wbwo.. 
there ai<- tew event! to forpu^e »nJ cir-ri^afe the i 

it any but in: ferious and contemplative. Tire 
frmtort «»f Rtmr, 0M reover, were the nutiotw/ teg rle 

i I.'-tndon fcre merely in 
>av» r ordinate to the Iritc. — Hrr.rc the hiliorr of J.on- 

di*n u> chicHy employed in UH 19 Of a lower order, 

tnjh ti*M» there: o;c let* WO" hi ol attention) Jtid imW. 

e minute naitrculari than conftir with the 
ufajech of mtfaftal hiflory. Mjiiv incident!, that were of a 
catoil or l<ical nature, unavoid*|>!i appear in the form nf dc 
fKrwd r . and fomcCimca interrupt the connection of 

tnanm that have a natural dependence on rarli mhrr. For 

iJonc* weie tfr.rrc no Other Calrfa i r diKlairri i 
[menfiorn to it, eregynrc of cMion i? more than the Wrwi 


Noorthouclt'j Ujflirj ef Uvtou. 

of this hiftory can promifc: he will only pJead his en 
to rrndcr the Work faithful and accurate/ 

Among other aftftancea, the Author acknowledges his obli- 
cations to * two elaborate and valuable works; AnJerfon'i 
Hiliory of Commerce f, and Hume'* Hiftory of England. 
From the one he has derived the knowledge oi a variety of curi- 
ous particular!, the ceculiar object* of his undertaking; from 
the oilier, a clear ana ingenious dcdH&iou of tlic progrefs of 
the English conftitution, down to its present frame.' Kapin, 
'i in Jala continuation ot Rapin, Srnolkt, and the Annual Jtc- 

S'ftcr, have all contributed their {hare*; and Uy the h<lp erf 
cfc, and other materials, Mr. N. hti beca enabled to briog 
hia hiftory of our fluurifiiing metropolis down to the dole o( the 
year 1771. 

With regard to the defahtlve part of the .uudciukSn^, Ik 
Icllf us, in his preface, tr*-t * as he was born a citizen of Lon- 
AraBj and has fpent the Ricatcft i*ut of his life in it, has Jeter ip- 
tions of p-'icn and thing* may be fvppofcd Id Iwc b<cn 4fUfl 
frosn actual knowledge)' jiJ thia, he u I 1 ' n matcriaUy 
true, in moft intranets* though it cjnnot extend IO all cases.' 
He ^knowledges that, c Ibr his own cafe, in fo multifarious su 
undertaking, he ba nrty availed himiVJr of delineations 

drawn up, and remarks made, by other hands / yet, as he wiuVt 
iiul to dcOOUCa bimjjslf with borrowed plume*, he woulJ 
have it remarked, that the frequent corrections and aJdifion* 
which tbeic bo n crsptiona, ate reoaiircdi have in truth 

given him an cxclutiv.- propsxty in almort every ttlidc of 
kind which he baa adopted. 

As to his copper- plates, which are fufficiently numerous, he 
(iocs not boiltot their vA/a*-*, and of the great ma/l/rt by which 
1 drawn and BOJ weo\ in the cant Oylr of book - 
fclle:s and hackney editors] on the contrary, he only mention; 
them in the following decent term*: * I he i.oppcr-pUles, U>v 
he, will it «t hoped, te f efficiently cxprehVc to convey a 
diftinct and agieeable idea of the objects rcpfcfcntcd. One or 
two of them have indocd fallen uWt of whst the Auihoc ftad 

a jull light to expect; but there arc fcvCial > that do 

;.imea of the engraven: the general plan of the 

villi ihe map of the countiv Irom thirty to forty 

mjlei round, may be sffin n I fupefior, both in fi/e and opi- 

fiofo contained in any other work/ 

We i rw proceed to give tone fpccimcns of the 1 

ner in which Mr. N. hath executed both (h« ffr- 

Jtriptrtc [.arts of his work i but as the l tide ia ■Iftssdj extended 

to a famcient length, we mult defer the completion of it to a 

futsirc ojsportu 



L hr 

* ' ■ ao account rf this work, fee Rev. vol. zxi. p. 8t— 


( 43 ) 

Atr 4 VTTT- J4*m Ht***ytr* B'fiitp c/ Lujmu; tr tkt MaJUw of St. 

B*rtk*i*ms*\tt ; a Dram :ainr>rnr in tVirrc A:u. Traof* 

i from the French. 8vo. 1 1. 6d. Leacrofc. i 

THI S Piece baa been attributed to M. Jc. Voltaire, and rt 
hi* foene internal uaarki which may jufttfy the .. 
In aii excellent preface, the Author *>ivcv ui the 
Account nfbb lit-io, an.! II the Uiiic time, tnc Jloi \ of las Play. 
* Jean Hennuycr vrjt born ac St Quia tin in ibedioccfedf 
;, in 1497- Hcwasatthcu cge 

ir, where he was bun i 
was received doctor. After that he was choten :ut« la lei 

of Bourbon, anJ Ovaries or' Lornm 1: < i-r 

he waa doctor, he had been prccvptcr to umi, 

Duk .■■.!o(iie, and after ivaidf kiny of Naval re; at ii.c 

time he wa* appointed profciTor of divinity. It is n<.< p-e- 
known in who* year be appeared at court ; but it u ecr- 
, thit he was firft alrqoaer of Hei that ih ^ prince 

i ni'cfib.** which b< 'he king's dcaih. 

ifeeonfeffor of Catharine tie It may be 

obtVrvcd, that the*y were not vulvar cofifcacncea h na- 

aage. String: appointed bilh^ of Sodere in 1557. be ,,; ' 1 I 
poflri&i»ii or this bilhoprick, undoubtedly, becatllf he «aa 
retained at couit. line afcer tbc death of the car ■■"«- 

baut, biihr-p ol Lizieux, »n the nu?nth or June | II. 

gave this Mffcoprick to Hen 11 oyer. — I: mi here, and 41 he time 
of the mafiacrc of St. BarihoU mew, uhai he gave this example of 
binnani:y, which aJonc rendered hia; immortal. The King's 
rovince, cowing to coai mi 1 bin to*» 

order be had received from (he court, to nuiUcic *Jl the Hugo- 

nott or* I.i/ietix, Jean Hen n oyer oppofrd it, with treat nrrn- 
ftefe, and declared his oppolrtion in foroij b* pC loaded ti.e 

tat *« ife delay, he 
I the Cal -is city anJ dioccfe. — i know thatp«.'>ple 

havecodeavoured to deprive btin o\ il mg laved the 

prouftanu; h l huloru ivi urn this ho- 

nour. Atrocious and ancient crime*, which fn-Jiten ^e 
imagination, are believed on much feebler pfoofa*. why i* it 
then fo difficult to believe u\ aQton, winch u at bottom but 
-:nc? As much apanegTrHiaa 1 am, I apprehend it pnfliblp, 
that be may br admired too BUKh.— It has been j ^ucltion 

1 this InuSop was a J Viu.inii.jn 
or a Sor bom It? He *is a nun ; whicii cannot welt dc tad of 
all hia cotcmrorar 

After a ihort accourt of the death of this good prelate, and 
making iomc Unking rcGoftons on varioua c ada - son, 

:he Author concludes his preiacc in toe folio wmg ouxuva; 


Jen* Hrnnxj/r, a Dramatic BxStrtaitmfnt. 

Jf I 


were awe locjacmh in :hc hearts of thofe that (Kill 
Itld the Mowing pceee, a few fparks of that perfecutinj; If 
wh; s three-fourth oar:: of mankind , a wicked pru- 

penfit)' which alwayi hi£rt itfelf under ^rcar names ; jt" i could 
add Iffy thin^ 10 public or pcivare liberty* to the □ of 

rhat natural right, To man ift illy tiulated Cumerhnrt hy far***, at 
others by foptiifim equi !y cruel and ingenious | if I were hap- 
py enough to wrcft fomc of the cruel weapon* from the hand* 
of intolerance, whether religious civil, or ln« .uy, which all 
fuppoit li ret each other | if a representation of all 

thofe moral difortjerg, which overturn ail notions of oft tc and 
cqvity, were capable of terrifving thofe who cannot dirtw^uifti 
truth from error | and to (peak without a figure, if they, wt 
alone cm acronpliCh the plaintive wiih or* hufvan.ty, would 
lend her that ftienrth which nature lias denied hrr, and exfa- 
winntc thole uiucafonaM- an4 in.p out opinions, which are a* 
4cft' "fie puWi( l-li* itr as of their own; then, finding 

st the : ki, the hrit perhaps of that nature, 1 would 

applaud myfclf for having fiippOrtM OH the ftagc of life, : 
: r of a man and an Author/ 
The foregoing paflVge is not well trerruaud ; put a «mi 
• . nrl pufclie fpirit, will feel the excellence of 
the Ttw I ranilutor fay> he is a foreigner. 

.on, for not being able todojuftire in i 
to this Play i f-ut it u not a fcond one for bawnj; undertaken ir. 
He has, dou briefs, firnc Knowledge of the language;- ? 

it tranlhte the plain and unoinamentcd performances of 
fimae ol OUJ neighbour* into tolerable Lr.glifh: but a Drama ; 
and of Volrair erably abov.* hi* icicB. 

ptm is fimple, probable, and every 
wa worthy :« nan of real geiriuf, wno does not itand in need 
oJ miracle for his event?, or improbabilities to introduce ioci- 
dent*. "•;' what the pjayon call fithdiiKts. 

Affcftn* Ju ■!. ■ .i ( !C ac Pans to the family of his 

beloved wife, on the dreadful night of St Butholoincw. Tfce 

.-.ens with Laura alone, pleadingly anx oug for her abfent 

hullund. Her friend Sufrnna her) and their dialogue is 

iruly feminine. OIJ Arfemn- U "nd hti chara'- 

etir marked. Thctf CoJircrGiJbn i* im-:rruprcJ by Si 

ihr brother of Laura, who had BOfUB fome way on rive road 

to Pari* 10 meet Arfcnnc He had heard of ifnc miilacrc, and 

iror he givra by endeavouring to rnrsrcal the (late a 
mind, is happily imagined. But Menancvturt cocoes in and the 
dreadful reporr i.-. icltied. Vw: general cficft of il on tiic 
company it fuch a« might be expected ; but we are furprnwd by 
the iiuru'u'iiy cf the oM ni. :), who pcrfifls in rejecting the 
flory, beeaufc he cannot find, from hij own heart, that u is 

7«nr Htxmytry a Dramatic £a£f rftrtarnraf. 


pofitle for nature to be fo wicked. This arTurds a 

Bwmcucjry comfort to Laura, wfeo reared the worft for her 
Kufband and friend* : if it, however, hue of fb^rt duration » and 
fcer fears and apprebendoas prevail. 

Whtle the whole tami * w in th >n and the Re; 

prrfvrxded that involved in the grneia! matTscrr, 

l*vef*l ptotettant* art fuc to be a: the drer : they open it fix) - 

drnly and Ihout altogether » thtw gtl ftul ol the way* and make 

ne. 1 his t* % Jkittm in e-d. Modi of owr 

play-wrights may violate nature, and produce affected Harts and 

el ; we were stiWy agnaft at tkc bare reading of Arfenne'i 

ince in disorder, ruihm- for v. en. bracing bis 

anJ Evcraed »nd locked up nlmolt fpr I - the arms 

iiwifc. When the i; ort* arc over, this whole (cei 

ty mot tut,: Arfeoric covered with blood* and relating the 

mocking murders he bad Teen: particularly of hit wife's rela- 

, urioai he had In rain defended. Ctcvard enters, and 

other; wiin the add:tl<Mia1 horrid lattheir 

friend ■ at Li&icux wtic to be mafliCred. :hc» are dif- 

tra&ed with grirtf and apprrheufton. and meditating various 

expedients, the old man advifcs them to Sy to the bilbop a 

palace ( and fuggefts fome hopes from the prelate'* good 

racier. Arfcnnc junior refutes, for lomc time, to /illcn to this 

advicei and proposer, rather, to pui Hei licathjj* the 

tpal agent of an infernal relic »>n. i rovaile, 

aad the protcftant* revive to fir • o the bi:! 

!lf. Scene itr, thebifiiop's >■. Jean Hennuycr, 

. rtb his right band k, jjic ci hli race 

with etc other; ih?n Hti it up to heaven, a; he is beginning (• 
fptak- A great crofj fct above the deft — 

* Orear God!— and air N rhw the pattern, 

Aon gaveft them in dying on the cecal ? , . . ■ hpev ear 

/«//) Accept, O Lord, tin." biueratri with *Meh my tout is 
■ '. J oafcr ihee my tears foi moo. Tbs reft 

ol my lift: will be nothing hut grict. (iir rsrxsj'm f\nr.-iitm 
ma fwr, o»4 efttt Agassi Ar 

■ ' ' O Super* 

iff?:, when wi]e rhoj ceife profaning 

soy I ion? — On the cue fide 1 beheld the tinbcslcm, 

thr other,— thr smblllotH ImpoOoT, wro fine 

. the weak Bd then cHCrm them io muruci ■ — 

O tur'tMrcu* -rveoge irtducrd you f< thvri the b'urnl of 

your brethren, wlur need was there co cover vour wicked ae- 

tert.-- I 

Mtrort, why »r* yne not i virtue above your people? 

Yr» ir», and tec 

.>pj#f tout fcci- - O W\«- 
— / 'a . */ vfhvin O'oJ lus a 

46 Marriott'/ Jtfvit \ an JiLgsrite! Pum. 

<\ ! What name will you leave on the earth? What 
will you hold among puflciity? I iicmblc already to think 
the pumfhment relerved for you. — Katner of mankind! Father 
of mercy' fouc them not in this world; let thca> be made a 
fearful example or* thv juitiec j but vouchsafe to preferve them 
ironi cverlaltinj punilhmcni in the o:hcr.' 

The Author thus lets us at once into the character of the 
excellent prelate. His convcrfation with the I curiam and 
with the pmtcflanrs; hi* niumrr of prutccliug the officer from 
the furious attempt of Arfcnnc ; his formal and Ipirited xefulal 
to give up trie protcOanti, and ihc c tic els of his humanity on 
their ililpilVjoni, arc all drawn, in the original, by the hand of 
a maflci ; they have fullered greatly by the Copy til* but they 
will arTord cnurtainment to the Reader! 

Wc hare all ft! I Jcrcd this little piece as written by 

Voltaire, and we deem it in atonement for fome of hi* late 
transitions. Strong lights muft have ft rung fhades. Mr. de 
Voltaire ha* great dcfecT* ; hut pefhaps there never was a 
FrwiCBH un who has done his ountry more lev vice by his writ- 
ings. Mis fancy has futsictimcs run away wi:li It in , and he 
faa* defcrted crtilh on fome important oceaiions, but in ccncraJ he 
Rood Out tiic full and ablcfi fiicnd of jufiicc, morality, and 
public liberty. He has read loch Icllbm to potentates and 
pricfts as they could have had from no other man; and it is 
rot poflfihle to rllimare ihe mifchicf* he hat prevented. We 
bate for I urns time been mortified a; the farce he played to avoid 
the perfections of bi.rotry ; but wc now forgive him; and are 
ready to think the itania&ion jufijfitd by its conlequcncca. 
Wt mean not thia as the teaft encouragement to infinceruy. 
Kxtraordmary cafes may furuilb exceptions to general rules. 
A ci)nimon authot wutiM tkfcivc puiiifhincni for the liberties 
which have been taken by Vokaiic; and a common man would 
lu»e been infamous through life for fome of his actions ; bat ic 
was not in the power of a cr-mmoti man, after any faux ««w # 
to write an Untried*', tTrtatij* an Ttkrotient or a jtan Utn~ 

A*7.IX. Yh JtfiaH y a. J*Airs*iJCl*r*£b % 

mi etirrar/tJ after tbt £*uxtjUe of aa.sett Sar/j mad Miijreii. B 
lie Author. Mr. Marriott. 410. t •,. d. Letcroft. 

'WJ K have had occafion, more than once, to fprafe fa- 
VV vourablvof Mr. Man. at: as a divine, and author of 
fome religious difcourlcs ; and wc ihruild btVC been glad to 
have given him our war me it approbation 41 a po-t. We re Oily 
1.1 11 far his good intentions, and arc inclined to think 
well of him as a man : but of all the poets whole works have 
tea tome under oar mfpeiibu, wc iccollctt non. 



Ma/rioti*; Jtfiti* ; en diltgtriul ?«*." 


vertticei u more extravagant, or who ha* cluftercJ together 4 
greater number of ur mining and pompom cxprcfiuns. He 
poinct out the defiga of hii prefent in the fcllavr- 
. l I fh»ll think myfclf happy if my humble labours 
, in any degree, :o give a timely check to the 
growth of Popiftj funcrlKtion, at a teafon when it feems 1 
ready to drop t: ;ind threaten*, a* fome diflanc period, 

the dcilrucliori of fhsnt cfUblilhment ; at a fesfoa 

when many of noir countrymen feem to have forgot the ineffa- 
ble priee of innocent blood, which purchaicJ the freedom of 
rte reformation, anJ alinull willing to be peifuaded that the 
cockatrice hs« loft its venom.' 

Our Auihor'i zeal a^ainft Popery may, in the genera] iJea, 
lever . but we think hi* fetrt of it, at this juncture, 

fca»c link foundation. The caufe of fupcrfuion is, in this 
rjr, a dying ceie, and all our danger is from other quarters. 
Popery will never be rc-cnaiblifhcd in England. It will never 
gatn ground among us, unlets certain meafero, which have 
hero reccmmcndcd for trw UirpicJIignof it, fhould be adopted. 
Tnrre may be a plan of ticfputili:i ; but Jt » not an eccltufl 
cal one. ion-.e pricib may be toots in it, and they will be re- 
war ki tools. 

IVe flull not be miflaken by our Readers as favouring the 
principle* cf Popery. We abhor them from our fouls : but 
we think the clamour lately mae'e shoot them, (o much labour 
d that the real and talents of our patriot* would be 
better employed in concern* of a rroee weighty and important 
nature. But to return to our Author. 

The fsrtl parr of his performance i* iatirl-dthc Birth-night s 
but we think, like the rirrt volume of '1 nit ram Jihanuy, it is 
employee ntliiKit an The fol- 

ng we fuppofe to be the leeiie of this uanfadion : 

by <idc, 
>gy tor* with 1 
By eartao,oaia ixhc.-'» Jtonc* 

ic £ood ir unc. 
Thrir .iiade 

iivtuixt, of rock a (olid parccnertc Ij d. 
Uai**d before, xt.d eref ..uctj . 
tint once pcsmkccd oy dcc-cc from Cc^. 
Iktwiai urciocksi t> auoa bet hrifhlcftray 

' n £ !'£*'■ - reHcftton made ; 

Beyond, UgSx rtaoier, and a darker Oiadc| 
Solcinu bcyotic* defcriptioa or" tar s*ee ; 
Solent* a» nigat, moot . . i!!r.w den 

■t A*|w ike ten nj queen of nigbc 

:h cSc fitadci the light. 

•C HO-I tfeV- 

jWww ** ygM t«y> *y» m^kilbm Mm 

JWWfcJhfikfa *& ?*JM« 'fV SB*'- , 
Mifcr^ie a* &i«.£tari»i#, if ja.oae of the belt ip the poem* 
Tiws A"? w4. QfcWuftj am generally foch as the following : 


O'er Trsdrv ImIIimpM tomb ' 

AH Nature /hoald figh. 
In deep and plaintive gloom : ' 
Virtue and joy with her mufl die 5 
But ghollly impoHon profane. 

Poflefi'd with dominion 4 ! dark loft. 
For Truth prepare 
■The pit, the Aire, 
And rattling chain ; 
Then see, with fmiles, the beauteous vi&lm {lain. 
And trinmph o'er her daft. 

C H 6 R U & 

Lither* j fad fulltn gbift w*s nutepimg there • 

WiMfft and Or urn dropped m gtntrnmt tear ; S: y ' 

While t* the Ivwtjt darie/f dteps of bell ' , 

?WwA^i tMgfd k**dt*te8 m Jkmral W 

ToTrvtir'r imtermnrt; mmd&tU'ttutcawrmf - 

"- This is a downright tale, and fit only for old women' in £ 
<Hk»wFy corner; and yet fueh are our Author *a Chonifletf 
The mufic of Mr. Arnold, and the voice of Mrs.WefcMtt" 
*awW -hare* ly keep us grave at the pubiic rehearfal. 

The fecond part he calls the Pr*cfffitn 9 and be conjure*^, 
fpiritt to inarch in it. Here conies one 0/ them : '■ V 

"C ' "NeXt Falfehood came : a foe to learning's page 1 , ' vSf ' 

Born m a Wind, and a believing age. ' ' 

*= la ekber band ihe held a folio book, 

AH gilded o'er* and gaudy to the look.' * ' " * ■ *~\ 
The one, though fill'd with many a labour'd note . ' 
._ On fcriptore text, by graved fathers wrote, " i n ITT* 
ServM oaJy «• difgnife the facred pagr,-' '-• ■ If 

Confirm the fcepne, and confound the fage. "■ • . "trig 
The other book was fluff M with wild rojmanoe, ' .*4» 

Wfcere lawlefr fittion whcel'd its wanton dance; -,. >: tl j^ 
Tales. of fainti, pilgrims, virgins knignu/anifg^irea -^ 
Regions (4/emlni/ig ict and frtmietg 'ff$f. 
Monks, -falamurfderj, fta??, cits, monkeys, hogs", J^ 

- Martyrs, popes, badgers, kings, cocln/bults, and frogl, 1 "** 
B afcaant, -Owh, prelates, emperors, end dogSi ■ *y* 

"vvVKave* hearer reito any thing better calculated to tk$fc 
txdjyrfrlz* than the foregoing dc&ripfcion I * # ™ 

■Idfm m Btattui Katurt *n4 Iittmutabifitj cf Truth. 49 

The third pare >t really nnd truly the B-rth p and it 15 msn- 
Jk*m \ a %* U trf*l \ for thr roc It -bo/e dclcribcJ ra biougtil to-bed 
*i the Jcfuit. — But feeing il btlievtag : 

■ a difmal prrBn 

Burft frean benr*:* 1 and io J thr labouring float 
;d— a hernd e&afm ! whence in rami off fire, 
tV»»iaf« tike Samifif Uu(Ji. with fu'ji!iuf tire* 
lifurd ahu^d-.nt. Now each liner'a face, 
\Tidl rjcpt'CUiton !■■ ■ rntoembr 

•inc tfrar.ger ; when a moclisr rule 
So hnjcou'., nit the fillers »* iktxt fa 
Sp«i"fc. jj preoar'd to rake (heir foddc 

U'l: 1 ;ht. 

■ beheld herfeif (6 plain, 
LmIum Ihe lUrted, Itartinsr Io ilrd ipAL 
Bat taxing long the lhapc familiar £iew j 
'I lie d tic it, twider. near the noofcl drdr. 
Al lrn£tti :hrr j>Uv ; -ithetK part. 

And sifcrv liiicr preft'd ilia* nex: her he ait. 


to the CI. 

The fou r , tbe fi?th the B^:ijM\ tbe 

fati rJac CfatffMffi and tix fcvctiW Lbe A).™/**. 

We are really I : Mr. Marriott i* capable nf vril 

and publicly reading, i'jch 111 incoherent and bloated rhapfoiy 
a* the poem b . and we tupc he will, lor the fiitue, 

coo&et himirlf to the du:i« of h»3 pi ofclBon, for which hn ge- 
bui and Audi: t xcm to have bccier ^u;ihncd him. 

■ - — 

Aft'. X. Ttt FJ£*/ ■■ rb YaVar* n*J rVwMM/v/.^ ^ TV*/*, r* O,/.*- 
jfr«» /# Uf&i'trj *mJ Sctftttifm, fy ' B/>-hir % I. L. O. iff, 

VTah fcxnc Remarks tin I'lietcrafc, Subfcriptiont, ar :ii- 

neui. Jn a Letter to a Fiend. Br a I'rofelfif of M^ Pnilo- 
feffcj ia ta« CvU'.ge or Common SeaCe. Vvo. it. cd. Richard- 

Wk. have carefully perufed this eruioue on JJf, BfJtttYt 
work, #ud aie at a lofi lo fay, whether the Author's 
fnari|-ial uttilety •% levelled agjinft thr bj/ityor igiinll Omfli- 
e+sfv, lie fc<an to br n . gji *t iiKiid to either ; and fva <x*» 
■•M of Dr. il 11 or I 1 introduction to a more general 
k on the clcrxi* acJ im .l:u:lv on reii/iop itfclf. 

mci.od of «n *croaminn Chritlianiry m far from bring 
kbr. 0«- A'jrbot trends in the llrp« of thole vcte- 
. mMnft wfcofr tuinea and worki are adT^neinj toge- 
ther, wiia «*p--J profettis, c?ward tbe dark and (Uent cor-rtt\c» 
•rrhi t 

50 Oiticifm en juW/rVf Nature a.iJ Immutability of 7 'ruth. 

Objections, arifm; from tbc perfecuting principles, or profli- 
gate manners of the c-ci^y j from the difference* that have 
Tailed in the Chriltian world, or the inc&cacyof the moral teach- 
ing* of the gofpel,— have been often urged and often anfwered. 

what connection mere could be* in our Author's imagination, 
between Dr. BitttU and ilie elcr^y, in general; or why he fhould 
be provoked by the Profcllbr of JmhntO attack the whole body 
of pricfts and proiciI>r$ in the Ctirilli m church, fectm fomewhat 
myfterious: to make reprisals in this way, wai furely unfair and 
ungenerous; mure ripccully, a-* Dr. B. himfclf is not of tbc 
fa*trdo:el trtUr. Don the vindication of ft//a>Y, or Hum % 
infer a necciTuy of reviling the clcigy in general? Or, docs 
it difcover a liberal fpirit to declatc war agamit the whole order, 
becaufc fomc have counteracted their principle*, and profaned 
their character and piofcAon ? 

Is Uicrc no way of Jeltcning the credit, or weakening the 
evidence of Ctirilu'inity, tut by demolifliing pricfti of every «Je- 
nomination? This indeed hai been the full and lafi argument 
of tbc advocates of infidelity; kit we were in hopes, that, in 
this period of advanced knowledge and candour, perfonal Bal- 
Jciy anil abufc would not have found a Angle patron. No man 
fhoutd be reproached on account of his proteiHon, except a poor, 
fcribbling Reviewer. He is fair £»mc, and whoever picafes to 
t iakc the irnuir.r,may laih him without pity. 

We (Retiuuurs) arc ai Jittlc fritndd to piicllcraft as our 
Autiior. Huw often have wc poured down peal-, of thunder, 
from our aerial height*, on the heads of ambitious and lordly 
Wc have had repeated occifiun- i I ftl -irtingour 
proicd i gaj nil every kind of piieltly policy and ufurption : and 
wc have net been afraiJ of Acppuig a little ouc ot our way to 
chaftife bigotry, and to pluck a leather or two out of the wing* 
of fearing pric(b, U whatever church or denomination. And 
what ha% bctn the confequence of this irjrepid and mwdy ooo- 
ciuil? Wbyl wc have been called htrttku Jaffa* hrJHtk% and 
nobody knows bow many hard namrt hrtidc. Hut the reputa- 
tion of a Rtviawr waa of little conlcqucnce. We hugged oar- 
fclvc* invar lectin y , and were thankful, that our fttuacon wtf 
railed the reach of wicked calumny. Our paituxis were 
not alarmed uur did we think of rrmkr/nt txMfir ei/U, or raiiiiti 
fir rating. We could 4UI1 dirtingu-it'h, though we have often 
had great caufc for being tQgJ y, between implicit faith in the 
power or fanclity of the prieil, and a rational alien* to the 
truth of ChriJiiamty, Were there not a Angle ftitj! in the 
wurld (and any man might he a jttftic in determining, urhe- 
tber the world would be the worfc for it} who either believed 
its evidence or difplaycd as.efficacy and amiablcnels in his £«•€-* 



'fit w Bt*ltj/j N*t*n <?W lumut&hiiity*/ Truth. 51 

r*J temper and conduct, Ch'iU-.nty nu^he frjll be co Jcf> true 
or Iri* important 

00 r brtfhtr r/treuvr take il ' , ihat 

Dr. Statue (who it no clergyman) i! i. fafu- 

, chough levere correction to Tome of Aw fnort admired f/ienc*i? 
Wbjr ftiould he come forth in the bhtcmefs *>f hit wtath and 
vow vengeance (m rel 

'a done to protoKe hW fury ? Every candid Re 
»;!! be of opinion, that he has pro ngeniou*. 

PfUcITor with too much pi ice am! vtolefie?? and mada 

ible, to an'ianr degree, for the fmtirnc 
and ccQdo&of men, who may lbnd or h)t without iffeftir* the 

p:m; . k. 

H'c heirri y approve many of our Author's fcn'impn: 

. leparate from rimate den thai 

aipcr ithey arc t -o often dLM 

Dr. B., oui Author more fit 

declamation than reafonin^: and it feeetvj to 1 no frriall 

concern, that the lower cTarTca of fniftWnd, will be p 
from the M*J} hv the do tbr'« warm 

to rj . renter, Dr. B 

-ante with 1 
loo great fevcity. Ihcfc arc fome "f th*- 1 

\Vc will not undertake to '■ * • 

Irfpvte, but ;i leave to fav, t'n; 

cole} his . joth ;■- Ij'ccis fTonPVwtt ! ■> 

Our AtuhorV ul aeucfc is dir 1 ! 

of (he Effay, in which Dr. B. obfetves, that * 
earned, that we inuft believe rn bo rr . . 
iwcrfil nature, th fit which iriniitsattd t 
lug*<flions of our own 
itu the Daly who mak^ then ih ^rcr>rc tv Bur we l. 
to be falhciouj, with* ; 

acknowledge a tjod, with.* it the mort r«'- : 
mibta fuppcfttian it is implied, t 
This appears 10 ut, guardedly ' wfert- 

U«Jt ou locff 

i^ his treasures n general, iinr them ro 

the thin!; poft! : cn era fcttfe, wh-eh the 

• of Btfhltfk i.;.p ithcfis mai 
a«» allowable ipevitt. We can by nc 


tth<r ; fV B • i Br'ktity 

Rcailcrfl w\ii umN an 
5 roi/e* lb tortr iarfsficfirw, a/td vrh-ch iou»i<3acA\Y 00- 
t a vUtNA 

i ' 

I Tl 

5* Ctitici/mon Btattut NaJurt end Imrautahility o/Tnttl. 

viauescvciy fufpicionof *bjs kind, in the Monthly Review for 
O&. 1770. p. aUt, wheic Dr. H is fpcitlng of thofe fcrptus, 
in particular, who may be (uppofed to publifh their tenets from 
vanity, or intcrelt, without believing them i and whom he *d- 
drclks, in the tcqucl, by the appellation of ' traitors to human 
kind and rnuidriei\of the human foul :" — an exptciTion which wc 
will not undertake to vindicate. Of thc(chcfaYi, , they Jo not foie- 
fec ifac conferences 01 I heir tkchincs. Bcitley mufl certainly 
did nor. But ba*<tty diJ not attack the icliyon of his country', 
did not f<ck to undermine the Inundation* of virtue, did not 
preach or recommend j'.hcifai. He erred; and who is free from 
error i But nil intention- were incpioacbablc i »od tits conduct, 
ax a man, and a Christian, did boflOurtQ buroan nature.' 

Dr. B. has obferved, ' that all reafoning terminate* in fiift 
piimiulcs, that alt evidence ia ultimately intuitive, and "tiuu 
ttmmttjhtft t (which he afterwards defines and explains) \s thi 
llandardof truth in man,' Tins is the general petition, which 
emr Author viqorouily attacks ; and he endeavour* to flicw that 
there can be no fuch cimman yr.v/<», with icfpccl cither to fpccula- 
live or moral truths, becaufe men, in every age and country, 
hate differed very widely from one another, and feent to admit 
no principle in common. And in his judgment, this faculty 
<f IHIWI jfiifi|Tr by which wc arc ultimately to be determined, 
militate* againft the notion of the liber Ly and morality of actions, 
and amply vin Juatta the moll erroneous from the charge cither 
of ethtifm r.r curftarxt impiety, lie charges Dt B. with demon* 
Anting that a man 4 is nccelTarily determined to believe fome 
propoltticiii to be folic, and others to be true, fpBic practices 10 
be right, and others to be wrong, according to the law 
lutuic. An AiiatijSocinian, Antinomi r, a Jew, 

and a man of any other fcift, can offer a* found arguments for 
their errors, in Unhand practice, as the ultimate ojic which this 
Author hascftahliftied ; I mean the plea of conference/ 

Hut we would a(k this Writer, Da men ever leafon wron*, 
through thr ufluniccoffonic criminal [rcjuJi Di paftlon, from 
principles luixiaincntally right. 1 In mathematics or in morals, 
men may bcagrecd a* to the primary axiom* or maxim*, and yet, 
through want cd proper attention cr intej dsicc very dif- 

ferent conclunoiia. it is indeed LcliJc our province to adjuf 
cont roves 

In another place he cbfcrvcs, that 'while Dr. B- aflerts the 
immutability of t: freedom of the will, and rtw virtue 

»d vice are ciicntiaiiy c-iriercnt, he ha? unwarily cfiablifhcj, as 
an immutable, uncamiuveruule truth, that every rrran'i con. 
Mautional reelioct, or confcicnce, whether rightly or nrongly 
insuiincd, is, to him, the trft of natural and moral truth, and of 
v/iue tad iicc. Hence i: Appear*) that every man is dcter- 
y mwrcd 

Cfiticifm tnBtsttir's Nat*r* and JmvmtaUrity $f Tnttb. <j 

alncd by fuffgeftiona of bit understanding, or rea&n, even when 
be boafta ©(having captivated reafon to filth. Afk a papiil, 
why he believes in the real prefence, contrary to the teitimony 
of bis ietilcs, be wili anivrcr, it were unreasonable to credit the 
trfiirnony of bis fenfes in that cafe j Chrift, f~.iy* lie, (aid "This 
is rov body," and •« I ought to credit the word* 01 Chnft before 
asy faJLlbJc fenfes; an.l this motive appears ro him highly n- 
mmuI I"- — wtth much more to the fame purpofe. Our Readers 
still pcrceiae at lead a faming contradiction in the above para- 

Cur Author f«rm to be difplcafcd with Dr. BY* t&hpum on 
tbe CsoTpel ; v .e fjjt, •• Tbete is not * book on earth 

so favourable to all thckind % and 2II the fublimc afTcclioDS, or 

Iunlriendly to hjtreti and pcrfcewtion, to tyranny, injuftice, 
v foit of malevolence, a* that very gOfptt, a^aiolt which 
r freptics entertain fuch a rancorous antipathy, 1 * 
A ri^id papift, our Author remarks, will fay the fame ; but 
(ocas* lay* he, thai ■ Chxiftiaw in general Cut mure than ana 
'ju(iiu.\ years, who firmly believed the divine authority of the 
gofpei alio vcr:!y btl'rved that it was right, and ci*n com- 
manded Tient, thar the civil roa£iflr*re (boM 

pauutb thofc who denied the authority of the pope, [llited not 
only Chf ift's vicegerent, hut Jrrvut jtrvtrirm Dii,) the ieaJ pre- 
tence of Ch nit in the faerament, or anr article of the cfhbJilhcd 
farth, at well at robber) awl murderer*, who u-.-r-r deemed lets 
criminal of the ivyo, as they did but take away a man's prop 
aad animal life, whereas heretics, who published doctrines lub- 
vtrfi.c of the ptst* cf tht c&urcb, and the holy tar+'olic ftitb^ were 
deemed * 4 pw&rtn cf /tuft " and as the Chriftian magiftnnc, 
wbo ia injoincd to pu.iilh fed'tiom pcrfoii*. afflicts the bodies of 
Jamie- breakers, robbcra, and dillurbcrc r.f the peace, it ia to be 
Uppofcd that he can difcharge that duty, and yet potfeft the 
fM/rtf afffdwrt, and lect no malevolence a^aniit the unhappy 
1 , fays the pa pi ft, the Chrillian m*giftrate may 
exercise wholcfomc frventicr upon heretic*, imfrifin and j&urgt 
rHerr £&ui tftbeir fiubi the ghry of Gcd % unA pence sf.tkt 

tb*nl 9 and tf they j»'ovc refractory, and will not recant thru 
u from the focicty of the faithful 00 cano* 
t*<l no emotions tnconfiftent with the frirmth fubimt 
■;h the ^ofpcl infpucs, but an affc&ionandfynipaihy 
: «, when he does not for* r/v x^d^hji b* Jl+wd 
Jchu ,/*i ibil/i. With fiach arguments as thefe a fcfuit f«ti<fics 
hi own ronfeicnee, and think* heou£ir<<nf>ml) "Hit people's.' 
this whole paragraph is not intended as an -ifclnjue reflee- 
tsanoc tbegofpel, it A nothing to the purpofc for which a is 
feecc wiUvduccJ. 

54 Crititi/m en Seattle's Nature and Immutability cf Truth, 

In another p!ace» indeed, toe thus qualifies his zeal: «. I. da 
not df that Cmjfiianity is chargeable with any evil), but m 
number of its .rnuft zealous proiefibrs have been ju{Hy> charged 
with every evil, or vice, of which human nature is capable, ex- 
cept i; bt fceptuifm and infidelity** But, in the next paragraph, 
after a quotation from Dr. Beatti/i EJ/ay, in praife of the Chril- 
tian religion, as fuppjyipg the only effectual means of fuppref- 
{ing. thefe paffions* (i. e. fupeiAition, &c.) he afks, * Is it not 
ftrahge , t^en, that, for more than one thoufand years, all thofe, 
who devoted themfelves, with the greateft affiduity to the ftudy 
of it, weie (be greateft bigots, and the moil fuperftiticufly at- 
tached to the errors of the church of Rome ? How many well- 
yUfpofcd people have been fequcftered in a monaftery, where 
they failed and prayed till they were reduced to fketetons, lay 
in flirts made of hair-cloth, whipt themfelves at ftated times, 
ar.ii thought that they could not pleafe God better than by* 
afHielipg themfelves ? And reputed heretics, of whom I could 
give you a long lift, were not, in general, more fuperftitious, 
(hough Jcfs wicked, than the orthodox V 

Our Author, after paying fomc extravagant compliments to 
the genius and writings of his favourite, Voltaire* concludes his 
examination of Dr. B. with this paflage : * Mr. Hutnfi philofo- 
phy of the human mind is, in Dr. Beat tie' t opinion, obfeure and 
fallacious ; his own, he tells us, is eafy, clear, and obvious to 
** common -fenfe i" * every man, therefore, that cannot perceive 
jt #1 or prefumes to controvert it, will not, perhaps, he allowed to 
have,cqmmon fenfe; the impartial public, however, arc too 
'wife to fee impoted upon by any mere pnfejfir, nor will adopt 
w/hat he. has advanced, en his mere ipjt duo. The univerfities 
are no longer thought to be the.fources of pure unmixed truth : 
jnufh learning has made fome people mad, as well as much 
liquor; but few wife men have efcaped from colleges unintoxi- 
cated by fumes of vanity : and affeclation of fu peri or knowledge 
diftinguifbes them as much from the reft of mankind, as the 
beau from the real gentleman." — Good God ! arc the univer- 
jitsva converted into fo many nurferics of frte-tbinker$ and ftep- 
t'usl The character our Author has. drawn exactly fuits * finijbed 
fceptic. We have often been alarmed with diftant reports of 
this kind y yet flattered ourfelves that they were not true. • But 
if our Author's intelligence maybe depended upon* the facias 
unqueflwoable. " I mean no illiberal reflection on Dr. Beaftir% 
he hasevjneed lefs of the pride of learning than many tof the 
literati, who have fallicd forth, like Don Quixote, to combat 
wind-mills, and ftorm cafiles in the air." • ' j 

Our Author next proceeds to make ' a few obfervations oh 
eftublifljmcnts, and on pried?, who are fuppo ( rted B to..(vppc*rt 
them.' He has ukeo particular offence at the exprcflion which 


b m Tirutti/i N&m end ImmtitslUity tf Truth. je 

has been fomctime* very improperly ufed, of vi/utirfffAg f*WV 
W. * This define (he fays) InfufW kin (he minds of 
princes by the clergy, baa been chc banc of peace and virtue. In 
etery age of the world. Excepting the dotflrine, whirh the 
lerpcr.t preached to Eve in paradile, and ihat of " fatfitfe tSf 
■Snarr" sjnd •* rnvt+refylcnce" preached up by Sar&mrH, one ei 
his defcendantt in the lift century, I know of none propagated 
among n i tat fiat produced more dreadful and inhuman 

effecla tixan (he do&rinc in queftiort : Hovr many mteifinc 
bfoils> ittf ur rcclionii ;cbcUioji$, wufades, and foreign wars, as 
welJ as mill'jcres, has this doctrine fomented in tnc wn Id ? for 
feme thousand yc.i:>, Ims ic aoi filled every corner ol the earth 
with violence and Mood t Men ruic cut one another** throat i, 
torn infant from the womb? of their pa-crtw, bmiled one ano- 
iher on gridirons, driven devoted victim;, by troop*, dowo pre- 
cipices, Jiid have iflVCtttd etWV fpCCkl of torftWe for one ano- 
ther, , to vtKjfi, .. id m fiii'; hti 
ky Uw tfistiijhfti. I he late ruptures in f'olan*, which, fot I'ctc— 
lal years lias been an Acddama, nrc a recent inftincc of thervN 
of /iityirrN?***, .. ' ttntt 9 and of tfttai* 
htu/tn the ihxrsh aad litjluti^ or ihe cil il and ecclrfi jftf* 
power. From the craft, nypocrify, dominion, and trraMfr 
ptiefts, y.ood Lord, ccv. t !' 
But we mult nor puifne our Author's declamatory inveRu-es 
iy farther, wc fhall conclude with only one other quotation 
from the clnfe of his Pamphlet : Dr. Beattfe afks •• what good 
etfccls chb (ccpticifm if likely EO produce } It humbles; we arc 
told, the pride of underftandinr." — * If that be granted, replies 
©•f Author, it is certainly of fome lervrce ; for the pride of fane 
i*» uradeiftandings (I rneeri ■»•> rcfle&ion on Dr. Bealtre) i« 
^reat, tha* they talk a< if uScy though*! ttft iffdtM incapable Of" 
ror, and, were it pofiible, would, perhaps, 

on God's hand rhr fcahirc and the rod, 
Ke jsdge fcttjilttice, be the Uod of GoaV 
41 Allowing fccpticifin to be a g'Ott e. 1, J Jr. &at:u'i rfaeAton 
aaoc Mifwer ; but he mipht bare aflffd me many o:he*r 
ifttcfiions, which neither I nor any other mortal en 

. good crVcc;* are produced lay the ngon 
iMg ps>as wiiiclt children fed m • ths firii month ol iMfetf* 
silt 1 1 BatiucnaMi iddcr, mk 

. *in ; b,' the ni . >: luruuiett avjfctt 

fancunie* utter the moit «;» fc-tions a(nMptkfth>ir 

XI »*.- bythopaim, u iei>o.fcre ii«h 

ca?a aic of fin , but • . ■; o; my nat-jrc dcteroutic* me to 

'• TWy truth ibm«whtri, -» o.e m , 


f- I 

bxdj R*fi r$ Ltticrt. 

The Author candidly takes leave of Dr. B. with icknowlcdg- 
ir.jj, thjt though he think* the Doctor ii inconfiftertt with 
fell, in fcvcixl parts of bil elTay* and hat even advanced j>oljtio»» 
%% dangerous a* any in Hobbes. Hume, Mandcville, kc. Yet 
(our Examine* addt) * he hai uttered many Icmimeiits worthy of 
the pSilokrphej. the citizen, and the lover of truth. His few 
•fpetitiei 1 confide* as inadvertencies j and I give him credit for 
a large ftiaie of philanthropy arid rood fenfe.'— Thb b decent 
and handfomc; and we fhould be glad to fee eiery 
writer following, in this rcfpeel, at Jcaft* the example of Dr. 
lieattiVs anonymous antagonilL 

Akt. XI. Ur/erj tf Ladj Btcbti A . . ! "in the MaouCcript in the 
Library cf Vkouurn Abbey. To which it prefixed, BO batradaCr 
tion, vindicating the ChararVr of Lord RuflVl againfl Sir John 
Da'.rymple, Arc. 4 to. Si. Board*. Dilly. •;?>. 

ry* H i S Work coold not have appeared at a more feafonab't 
J^ ii':x than the prefent. in wbjch the e\e» of the public 
have t-ccn fo much turned toward the great and good Lord 
RuBcl, that whatever relate* to him, or to thefc who wciq 
marly corme£lcd with him, will excite almr.ft univerfal aiuii- 

The rnllcAlon before us would, indeed, have been more in- 
(creating had it bc«n moie ex unlive, and included the paprr* 
of the Bedford family in general. It mull, howcvci, .ifloid a 
conliderable entertainment, to perufc the Ictict* of Lord Wil- 
li.) 1 RulTcl's lady, and cfpccially* as the lady was hcikil 4 
worran of the mtift <lilt m^uifbcd merit. 

If the Reader expect. » to meet heic with many anecdotes, or 
with much historical information, he will be liifippointed. 

)e few incidents cccur, and fomc farther light is thiown »_n 
the conduct of fevrral eminent pt/fons: Kut ihei bicf value of ths 
coll'.- i': 1 he linking exhibition it gives of l.idy K«ich<Ts 

eh.irai^er, which was not only an excellent, but an untim mi D 
one. V\ e lee in her the molt arTcciionate and tender regard 10 

Tfrnoiy of her noble hufband, ami the raofl exqu iic. un? 
conquers' *e, and almoit unabating grief for the loi* cf him* 

cd wiih an highly exalted piity, a profctlfld iubniiliinn to 
the Divine will, and a wifdom and fortitude a ^cr 

10 en an 1* m a piepricty and dignity of bcba«ioui in every 

greater part of ihe letters now publifhed were written 
by Lady RuflVI, to Dr. Fitfcwiliisrn, a pious clergyman, who 
r trnmaie fiend, and who had been 1 to her 

father, tlic r-il of Southampton. A tonfidcuWc nuaibcr ^ic 
addrtftd to 1 (her ptriom, moft of whom were either of high 
unfc or ixtrauidmart merit. There arc, likewife, icvual valu- 

Lady RvgtkTs Lttms. 57 

able letters to her bdyihip> patticvitrly tbofe from Tillotibo. 
and Barrwt. 

We (ball tranferibe the Utter which (he fent to Charles the 
Second, a few days after her lord's cxccutiorS, though it has 
already been ptblifhcd in the BtogTsphia ! a. It relates 

to the piper which Lord Rtif.e! delivered, at hia execution, into 
ike hand* of the fberirTf* and which had been 1 confidently faid 
poc co be hiiown, bat drawn up by Dr. Bumct. 

May it f( a > put M.vtjfy, 
* I hi«i rny hulharsd'* enemies arc notappeafed with his blood, 
but ftill rontinje to mifrcprefenc him to your Mareirr. "Tt* x 
great addition to my forrows, to hear yew Maiefty is prevailed 
open to believe, that the piper hi; delivered to trtc Shcritre at 
hii death was not his o mi I can truly far, and am ready in 
the folrnancll mannci to aitcft, that (during his own LiQptUotH 
oaeot • J I often Mud him difcourfe the chiefrft rtiatterc t 

per, in the fame opreificns lc therein ufcv aa 
fome of thoie lew reUtfoBfl that were admitted to him, can like- 
wife arc jr. And furc 'til %n argument of no great force, that 
f here H a phrafr or two in ir ;:n , whrn nothing ik more 

common then to take up f*jch words we like, or are accuftomed 
to in our convcrfation. I hc^ leave further to avow to your 
Majetty, that al that is fct down in the paper read to your Ma- 
jrfty on Sunday n>ghi, to be fpnken in my prrfence, is e*:aiftly 
tn*;t ** 1 doubt not but the reft of the paper is, which wi* 
written at my requctl ; and the author of it in a! hii corner fa - 
ti«n with my hulbar.d, that I wat privy to, (bowed himielfe a 
loyal fobbed to your Manfty, a faithful friend Co him, and a 
meal tender and confeiencrous rninSftftr ro his fojle. 1 do thcrc- 
forc humbly beg your Majefty would be fo chiritablc to be'toe, 

he who in al his life wis obferved to aft with the greaceft 
eleamefle and fincerity, would noe at the point of death doc fo 

jenuous and faffe a thing as t<> deliver for his own what wai 

not protierfy and expTcMj to. And if after the lolTc, in fuch a 

of the be it buibind in r.i-: world, ! were capable of any 

conization, \ourMajcfty only c< nld affurd it by having better 

1 when I v..\» fo mij'ujuiu: lo fpealc v. 

Joor Majerts, I thought ! had lorn reafon to believe I fhould 
if c inclined you ro t nor from the credit of my word, but upon 
the evidence of whit I had to fsfy. I lutpe I hive writ npthj 

tat wil d«fpleafc your Majclty. ff I have, I humbly 
keg of yon to cor.fider ir as coming from a woman amazed witn 

• The wi !^d ir. brackets arc crofled out. 

f it contained an account or" all chat patTed betwren Doctor Darnet 
a*4 his LordAup, concerning hi> laft frweeh and paper. I: u called 
uW j4*f**J 1a tkc Hi.lcff/c/jiij onfl i iiuc, sol. it p. $6x« 

58 Lady RuJfelFs Utters, 

gpti i and that you will pardon the daughter of a perfon wh* 

ftrvcd your Majefty'i father in his greateft extremities, [and 

Sr Majefty in your greateft. pofts J and one that it not con* 
us of having ever done any thing to offend you [before.] I 
^hall ever pray tor your Majefty 'a Jong life and happy reign. 
.Who am, With all humility, 

May it pleafe your Majefty, &c w 
Full of indignation as every honed mind mud be at Charles 
the Second's cruel treatment of Lord Ruflell, one cannot help 
being concerned that Lady Rachel (hould have occaGon to write 
£o the king, and that (he (hould condefcend to exprefs herfelf 
towards, him in terms of fuch refpe&, and even reverence* But it 
is remembered that (he was the daughter of the Earl of 
Southampton, and confequently had been educated in the higheft 
principles of loyalty. Even her excellent hufband, in the paper 
delivered to the (berifFs at his execution, had ufed expreffions 
not much inferior to hcr's, in point of dutiful regard to the 


. We will next lay before our Readers one of the letters of 

Queen Mary, when Princefs of Orange, to Lady Ruflel, as a 
proof of the eft rem in which her Lady (hip was held by the moft 
^lluftrious perlbnages. 
m . . The Prtnctfi of Orange t9 Lady RuffeiL 

" 1 did not exped lo many thanks my Lady Ruflel as I find 
Jn your letter by Mr. Dykvelt, who has faid fo much to me of 
all the marks of kindnefs you fhew'd both to the Prince and 
myfelf, that I (hould be afbamed not to have anfwered it fooner, 
put that you know one is not always provided with an opportu- 
nity offending letters fafcly, of which indeed I am as much to 
feck now as ever, but hoping Mrs. Herbert will fooner find on* 
tfun .J, I refolve to leave this with her, not knowing when it 
r^ay.come to you, but whenever it does pray do me the juftic* 
to fceLeve that I have all the eftecm for you which fo good, a 
charapcr aefcrves, as I have heard given you by all people both 
Deflate I left England and fince 1 have been here. And have 
bad ail much pity as any could have of the fad misfortunes you 
have had, with much more <ompaflion when they happen to 
pcjfoiis who deferve fo well, and yet i hole are they we often tee 
t£c moft. unlucky in the world, as you find by experience; but 
I hope your Son will, live to be a comfort to you » which under 
God, 1 believe, will be the belt you can have. As for myfelf I 
can only aflure both you and my Lord of Bedford, that I (hould 
be very glad it lay in my power to do you any kindnefs., the fame. 
Irananfwtr for the Prince, and indeed you have exprcfied fo 
much fqr us both to,Mr. Dykvelr, that if it were ppffible it 
would fincreafe the efteem 1 had before for you, which J ihalft 
be. very glad of any occafion to fhew, and more to be .be.tte» 
s known 

L*J? Rujf^t Lfturt: 


Vnown to you\ that I might perfutde >ou myfelf of the dcfire I 

lure that yoo fbovM be one of my friends. MARI E," 

Dr. Fiuwiiliam, at the revolution, coul-J ox ukc the oath 

of allegiance to King William and Queen Mary. Part of his 

Utter ti> Lady Rtiflel upon that fubjeir. will difplay the integrity 

oi bis mind, and will afford, at the fame time, a good pi&ure of 

the ditf-< ito which fome worth) men were thrown, by 

:iairow principles of (heir ccde-Trait ell education. It wax 

iiccrn to her f.adyfhip thi? the Doctor w« not capable of 

catcitaining more enlarged views of tbij 

*♦ It may he, fay* he, [ have a< fad thoughti for the in 
of the chuicb, and as ardent dcfiic* for its peace as inyi and 
Jet mr tongue cleare to the roof of rny mouth, if 1 prefer not 
Jeruulcra before my chief joy. But I cannot elkem it a good 
way to fcrlc the attainment of this, by any acl which fhal! ditturb 
■y own peace: and yet this I rnuil of neceflitv do, if I malce 
afc of fuch mean* a* may be conducive to that end, when 
1 an Dot firO convinced oi the jufiicc ol them. I did not doobt 
but the Deans of fome of the ercatcft name in tbc city would 
take the oaths, nor do ( fulled but they vill proceed to the 
dome; fo upon grounds wnich Item in their own judgment very 
fclid. And yet I oucht not to *£t or defend what 1 do by the 
raampte of others. TMi ij like clearing one's felf by reckon- 
ing np the faults of oilier*, n* St. Hicrome writing to CeJanttl 
obferrea; but however, a* he prorre's, it argues a lightocfa 
and vanity of mind, for a man to leave his own confciciice to 

v the opinion ol others- Jt mny be their judgment, that 
•lie*!;, bludtactfc ii OUffWai, the people have power to 
•iter the fuecefEon ; and that the convention wai a full repre- 
tentative of them. 

I tuckt in other more monarchical principles with the fitft 
knowledge I had, from (he breath of my mother che urnVerfity, 
and then, anrt fince, took them, as far a* I could unifer- 
Hatvd, to be more agreeable to rttff frame of conihtuticn of 
government ; oc they n-y look upon this rcmlution a* t tacit 

. irtaaJ conquest. I '.\i(h it had been owned (o he furh ; 
for then I had known from the refi'lutions ol Ci md 

C*fti.M« and my o<ao tr.fon, what to have done without- dift* 
cutty, fn rhe mean ii»c ! retreat you, very good Madarti, tint 
to evil boggling a ■ i 1 f another, as far at 

1 eat , which I formerly rourj an unncttiYary temple. 

I believe, were yoo order fueh an engagement, your tenucr- 
art* and circi: i wou'd be r*ther gicstrr tn*rt mine. 

" I oaih ••<" ;il If. i-ue run* thus; *« I wiM Sear 

* fmtk smJ t*ttt *i!'jur.(r to I r,l Kt'ng 

i.iaea, and ins btiri «-.**' fw&V L. ', r»*aV Htm .Kd TrV.w wilt 
■ mum."' Ol luprcasavy, "J tffil *r:i to th and tear aMsiJ 


a* Lad/ RuffiiTt Lettan* 

**«othr King's Highncfa (Charles or James) lis bcbi a*4i*vf*t 

"JtartTrth *«d *•> m y P° wer fl 12 ^ ailift 2nd defend all jerif- 
*« litciiont, privileges, pre-eminences and authorities granted or 
« bt » the King's Highnefo, hit heirs and fucctftftj Of 

m united and anncxt to the Imperial Crown of this realm:" 

M Now J aw informed by the ftature i Jar. c. i. that lineal 
fucccu*ion \s a privilege belonging to the Imperial Crown, and 
fey 12 Cv* 1. c 30. 17. That the undoubted and fundamental 
Saw* oftrm kiragdom, neither the Peers of this realm, nor the 
Commons, nor both together, in parliament, or out of pailia- 
irtnt, nor the people coliedivcly* nor rcprcU-ntj:n,i.. nor any 
petfnns whatsoever, hath, or ought to h.ive any oocrcirt power 
over in-. Knm* of this realm. 

M Tht 1'ivlcut oath iud? thus, cc I will bear true a!k*rasKC 10 

" iheii .\U efttcs King William andQurnn Mary." NVw let any 

itia! CKribn refoJire me, whether one of trufc. King James 

having abdicated, be hta heir, or lawful fcccefTar, or could be 

made fo, had (fee people met either collectively or rcpce!cn;u- 

ly, wtiich>tbey did neither* 

k * In the mean time I protest 10 your Lsdyfhip, tr»»n the 
uuth qf a chrtftian and a pticft, that davcGing my ( t\( of all 
pet indices, and, as far ai it's poffible, of all patliom which 
darken the lijjht of the judgment, I will examine the matter to 
ISM bottom, and ill find IOHD r..lci- the oath, i will. But if 1 
6im1 I cannot, without iceJftMng, or an ad mfiion of fuch a 
declaration, that 1 never intend, nor will bethought by con- 
flWiinn 01 implication by fiich (wearing, to rccogntee- the legal 
ntle of K '»•" *i>J Queen Ma/)*, I then beg of yonr 

honour thele thice tnin^. 

* fc j. That yon would have the fome good opinion of my ist* 
tegfi(y» and of my %calous addiction to you, or to any thir.j 
f elating to your Celtic** .i> ever yuu I kid hcrctulore. 

** !• That >oj would permit me, in entire truft *nA con$. 
dencc. to make over all my worldly goo-'; to you: for I I 
Chat (eme men* heat* may th»*i£i fo lar # as to bring all 
fecufants of it into a pixuiunirc. 

M 3. That I may have Tome room in your haute, if any eia 
be fparcd, to let up my books in, aaid have reeourfeto them, if, 
Hi 1 t ii;;l, i«.r 1: 1, br permitted to Itayin the tow i»." 

"I he mirodukliwn to tint collection contains i om • 
■crnaik* in » indication of Loid Rode I , > dtfo£tiM in 

point or compolirion, arid ii loaded with ncedlcis quotation*. 
The Editor hath f«b;oincd notes, which give a &ort account of 
the pcrfons mentioned in ihe courfc of trie letters. Thefe notes 
add loth: en.eetsmnicnt and utility of the Work, and would 
fcavc- fct iLotJ" to rtstl ^rraaer advantage-, if the Author of them 
had taken pains to render them more accurate and pcrfpicuotu. 


MoSTHlY Cataiogck, KuU-a! Ilijkry. 6l 

He U either not ufctJ to hillofical willing, n be wr- \o t 
rreathaft' Jt:e of avail. og Uienfelf oftheproftu 

u«k>o ftx pul! 


For J V L V, «;;j. 

Natuial Hijtou. C/w* 4j 3>'.fi. i2mo. a <. Edinburgh p:;cted, 

, by White in Loadon, i :7V 
*Tr~KE iogeniovl ami asideOBi Mr. Pennant, id his preface to tb* 
J ::na, enters into a min-jte account of the txttr*a'> *art$ 

tf hrj§ 9 their fitibtri, fi^ht, mufti ah, mdifcaiien, and '£f'i and 
then p.-orerda to Sr&T» i. 

Hr hoots that, coofidcrinf; she many fyflcms which nave been oP 
- public of Uie ytaTs, he fliull not be accufed of nation*! 
partiality, in giriBj|j the prrfcrrncr* to (ha: contpnird by I 
16*7, tad publii*,ed is 1678, ' ic ROtikfl be unfair, fayj he, to 
conceal U»e writes from nhona oar fl»rcat countryman took the oritt- 
e*i hist of fuiming thai fylUm, which has lincc proved tbc founda- 

I all tbat has teen compofed (twee thai prriod. This was 

/VaavrW**, £*.** *fM**t, who/* bnok am* puhl.jhcd in 1 r 5 •.' Mr. 

Ray considered, altered, and amended tie totmcr arran^eracnf, an J 

lis plan at'iKfcri to Mr. Penrose to be fo jaJicicus, that it is Jcarcc 

haare in ie Sot tiic better; yet. he oMorvr** 

r i k 

I«zapi 1 Ma example, for I pcrin-.tlhc k*V/*wi/co fallow one 

aaeefeer, ■tM|uidc«i i.y tte *ai*W-/Wv4. il,< ■"■.;*/« of bis 

Mesas bet in »y gcuarical airan^ci^.-u, I null pue/iuaily aitr-nd 
en theOraWbe ba» gireii ia Boipt in thofeof 

feu At.'ttf, an-1 a rVw of his OavsV. For, after cbo aosr.atf 

. -ttder of «MftryhW with pinnated fret, 

1 rvtwre* thfl"uWrr»or * r^ water- fo*l, aiai the 

:tr4. Thi . end land- bar-it with things aHeleaa foe, I place a; a6»i-:; order. The '/'/a*r/*«//r ftyraita £r#*«r>) 

|ar«i ! price at the end! . *\H 

itr Jand-bi- . */*«. Uke the c (Ju/. 

Imtt- ihe Ull gruuvctMi, l*-if; iuonere, avi/idcra of wet 

i sad bwb hate billi foe bed. i: mud he ejonfeaed, 

;h have lew naked above the kaeo. and the lift, like the 

., In but 6w *££»- They fcem ambiguous bird) that Kara 

; is heped, tba:cacb Batuniifl 

rdtemion if y- n » lufea Us ow> oplmun.* 

To tne ainre «v-r*ft, which mm atford tlf* curious 10 Mtural 

»i#oty a lotion *>t Mr. Pennant's deii^n, wo will add the lollowir^ 

» if hU pint;. I: b called. 7>Afr // *frro«grmr*r t mt& rkt 

rt ara Grxrr* " '*V ^tuu 2U:*rm ;/ Lirt^aa .* 


Diii&on I. 

Monthly Catalog'Ji?, CW-Wy. 

;>■ BIRDS. 


a J. { 

DivifioQ 11. 

I. R3KX : .' 


III, GslJicaccou;. 

IV. Columbine. 
V. Pai'crinc 

VI. Struthiou% 

r Ordcx VII. Cloven-footed 7 
orWadci*. J 

VUI. ruinated feet. 

i ■'- WATER-FOWL* 

Acclpiirct Limtti. 






DC. Web fooled. 


The fubdiviiioni oi thcic oxcicn, ond the p.u;. : t.uUri i 
llicin. conllitutc tais little volume, ■*■ hi*..- nil, na doubt, be ac- 
ceptable to ihofc "iiu Ian to enquire iucv rhi% pait of the iroxkl of 

Art. 13. TltL&d)i JJpitnitt j\r r/£viatin£ and fupptyng btrf%- 
bli ; containing One Hundred and Kilty ftleet Bi! 
properly ds<pokd for fsmiiy 13 i oners of Five . 1 Tmo 

Couifc* of 11; with upwm!: of Fifty Bi i 

ipwaiils oJ ri 

SFare for Sappers, from Hi: Nineteen; and Eewtral I)e* 

(t.-ti : Ir.cladiog a COatdCfabifl Number ot choice itc-ccipt* of v»- 

itous kinds, with, full JJirctiiona tor preparing them in the moll 

approved Manner. Now rirft published from the Manufcript CcJ. 

lection of a ProfelTed HouleLerpei ; who had upward* of Thirty 

Year* Experience in Families of the finl Kafhion. Svo, 6* bouad. 

Walter. t77J- 

The Utc Mr. feonnel Thornton, of )»amou»r : and feftive memory, 
ufed, with $rcat pier. alTtrt the fcrioill conUciucocc of too 

fri$mtc& eating and drinking. " Do we DOI .'II urtCj,*' * c 
lay, •* that our henlrh chiefly d'prndt on our iood r and aie s.ot 
•vr bodies, ihcfcfat; liable to be more or lei*, and well orilL *f- 
fifted, ever y time Wi cat at drink ; and « we repeat abos* 

■ tlmufand titan m a year, every vcai of out I then, 

be roo aitrtiiive to an iff ir isi which we are fo ^r 
be&di all \hc fttaArr* that etc receive ijiny clour rrteadt, 

joyously alfcmbled round a w*!l provided e W 

Tbis was certainly jpod rcaioninr; . Ad him tot 

tobe a wiao inan wbodotzaa tooligfa 1 *tll- 

drrfTcd joint, a nice podding, « pcoa >w|, or— an 

Author vho has had * jo year* Mperkr 
elTcmia! to the welfare Of man, woman, ajacj <• 

For oar pari, we cannot rcfufe cur n. 
i"he writer o< ^ ticttiA which we have rtftJ »slfc mvc ttffxiiu 
hath been excited by any o;hcr lolume, an elect Or modem, that we 
nave perufed unce" Lit D**t dt CatNtf •, written by ft learned ooble- 

* O* I A*t dt l* CvijlKf, rtdxtt tn fresi jjw. Thi 
ehfoaaJ)i,v, publilhed his intjenious and JppUaded wcvk, it Pirb, io 
//iinr hwdfomc duodecimo** 

Momthlt Catalogue, PuxiuL 


man of r.-ar.ce. and published about a dozen yc»r> 1*0.— After thi* 
JtcJaracxm. wr»*t cao we add, iu fiivour oi the £«=*// /jijStat, 
t* torty recofcniradatioxi of the book to all yoongwnc*, aod jq. 
fxpeheAced houfekeepers ; n :m may peofti by an a :t en tire 

cAficr vawce of th« joifl latntfuOO with which k ij /.-iu^it.-fo j^ 
pcibaps, in nine, 10 iUc;'at (he honoar cf CDUxUiOJU£ evea a " 
viewer* at their tables. 

P o r T 1 c A t. 
An. 14. Th Dyi a f tftgr* a poetical fcpiftle, fuppofed to be 
i*ba lately (hot hemCflf "n (ward a \ 
the Xucr Thane*) w ais intended Wife. aco. 1 j. Ftexncy. 

ThU pcern took iti rife from xa article of news mhkh law 
appeared ib ll»c London pfpm, imfKirting due *' a black, ufa 
a lew da*j before, raa away from hi* milter, and goi-hinatelf clim- 
teced, with intent to marry hi* tello* krvan:, a vUwce *oa*o, bcloj 
ukeo, and fent co board the cuDuia'i (hip in the Thane*, tooi, «ii 
C/fO/tajnity of ihooitng hiafeif tnroujh tlic bad/ 1 

On tan foundation, a rjeneroui fon of Apollo, hat paid * the tri- 

! huraaniEy.' a^-J feelingly lamented the mifery of a ieJlow- 

crratare, so (train* v.-hua ar* pathetic and harmonium. n e 

ci?f<6ci the hi^hcli fenfe of hurnan liberty, and vigorouily alien* 
ihc natural a ;f-I ri^hu of mankind , iti vindicating which, 

: coarfc. COrtderWH :.nd ewrratM our Weft -Indian p!anfert, Ac 
%-aotV tyranny over 1!. f«i will, wi 

iniancef. but too an inufe ; 1 

•kith the folio* ing be *ttea as a fpecimen : 

id thou*, fthofc itnpiou* avarice and pride 
God'* h>ft lymbol 10 ray brows defl 
rbad »><? "f :he rights of man ;o eJaim, 
Or (bare with thee a Chnliur.'t ulWd race. 
Thou, 100, fari for m>t beyond the £ttic» 

Thy power Ulcndsi not ■ > my djft thy iIitc. 
Go bribe thj I with thy ecM, 

t:_t - run not Nato tooagnj _nd fold, 

In vain heav'c fp."-.J fo »■••!- i'.-' ca; . 

VaJKwatry ■ Ewixc thy wotty tod 

:;c» by earth nor hcav'si txmtruuI'J, 

Wfcnte'r ;■ hel.-l'iun j» take 

Still Nat-ax* bleeds, aid Man become; thcu 

The. fiery jafficc, and defpesatx jcfoluucrt, which fo llronHy cart: 
!*e »-*fr»f>'« general character, arc -*vi. exprehett in : ; t>- 

fatnt and ilae ntmberu f whirt* eqoally c«tiifri> the p^iUaih/opy, 
4-d the poctieaJ abtUuct, of the 


$4 Monthly Catalogue, PutkaL 

Art. 15. ttt fbgijler of F$ify; or, Cbaradere and Incidcntrtt 
Bath and the Hot- wells. In a Series of poetical Bpifiles. By an 
Invalid. 8ve>. 2 s. 6 d. fewed. Newbery, Jec. 1773. 
This Gentleman's Mufe is an invalid, too; and a vera flatten 
Into the bargain ; but ihe affects to conceal her unfeemly tatters, un- 
der the veil of Modefty : and we revere the goddcfs too much to 
remove it. 

The following lines contain the Author's jiifl acknowledgement of 
the onfitnefs of his work to Hand in any degree of comparifon who, 
the celebrated Batb-GmUt : 

* To write like fam'd A — tey f never did dream* 
Who drinks fuch deep draughts of the Helicon ftream 
His genius produces the ricktfl tf cream ; 
Contented am I if the Nine 1 can bilk 
Of a dry craft of bread, and a dim of Jkimwtd milk. 
Tii his to engage and enrapture the heart. 
His verfe flows from Nature, miae merely from Art; 
His numbers refemble the full flowing bowl. 
As his hmper-filftl thoughts quite imin'a/t the foal ; 
While mine, like fmall flip flops, this virtue retain. 
If you get drunk with A— tey they'll fobtr yoor brain/ 

We have no defign in printing fome words, in the foregoing ex* 
trail, in italics. They are (o aUlinguifhed in the book, — to mark 
(no doubt) the wit and clevernefs of the allufions - which, otherwise, 
night have paffed unnoticed by many acarelefs Reader. 
Art. 16. the Power of Fancy ; a Poem. By tbt Author. 410. 
is. Rivington. 1773. 

This poem, confidered as the composition of a young man f, hat 
considerable merits and we fi nee rely wiflt the Author all the en- 
couragement his talents deferve. Many of our Readers will be pleated 
with the following paflaee. It describes the iituation of a lover, 
when his miftrefs has contented to be his bride: 

' O'er the dull hours his rapid fancy flies 
To the next fcene, the fcene of all his blifs. 
Array'd in native purity, he views 
The lovely maid, fcarcc knowing what he fees. 
The crimfon blufh that veils her langqid check, 
, The tear, the index of her hopes and fears, 
Awake the tendereft feelings of bis foul. 
And call forth all his pity. Fondly now . 
He views with fort companion's feeling eye 
The tumult of her bolbra. PJeas'd he ftrivea t ,...;. 

To pluck each briar from toe thorny path; .,;..(. 

Remove each doubt ; each anxious fear aliay. ,',. u ^. 

Blelt hour ! when every thought, and every feaft ^ ,., : ^ . 
Is loft in exitfics of parcft love** . i >r ., • . * 

This description is warm | but it is natural, and virt nous. r.»».f*- 
■ ■ * ■ ' 1 1 . ft «• 

t The preface acquaints as that it is * the production of a yn <Wjfr- 
i, lately a member of the uaivercty of Oxford.* 

•./. -art 

. ,i H - - -r 

• . * ■ A 

M&STMtY CATAtCOUl, Df4^0tkj AftdmJii. 6$ 

Irt. I9.TO* JW: 

i or, (hcLc*drnhc5d»4tLo55( 

I i- 


In iluce Canto*. B; W.J.c . BfO. - :. Cinluo. 


Batler'i wanner and h-jtnow are 3»;re tolerably imitated. 
Art. 1 8* IJtiUitmMtjftcfrr.t't. A Town hclo^u:. 4T0, 
Ridley. i:;3- 

The burner ftyle, and Sc. r.ilcs'i/ana, are well hit off". The foi* 
lowing couplet ii a maUee* piece : 

•' Aedai to Sooty- jur., Iwlieve xe, Gaitf, 
" Some fay* I UB£i more bfitterci nor fcl 

Bravo, bravo' Oikcv ! 
Aft i).ThtOnr*gfGir;*t F^tesioSiWf Harris: or the Town 
toifecCooatty /Wjj. An Heroic*] Epiflle. 410. la, BU- 
doo. i 

;o*tryof taUFpillle, like that of she A**/* of P*mv* •, is too 
pood for tfce fbbject A'ith refpeft to the / Richer pa*. 

feRnaatce, u wotld he circuit to tettie cite point of piccedcocy be- 
M Ota then. 
Art- lO, The Thijlic, +to. 18. 6 J. Bladen. f773« 

All tilt *e can difcovcr, from the perufal of thii fttincal piece, 
ti. Out t»e Author bate* thr KcotcJi, and wntei bad reries. 

ttwtfttrf Peem entitled " J Sc Patrician* :" or, 
a Be. examination trio the Merits or* ihe principal Spexlceri of tee 
Houfe of Ljrd». By th« Author cf a Review of the Poem of 
"Taa-S^natcri." jto. n. 6d. VViikic. i— . 
We k«*c : ;icions thai thi» rhyming Reviewer iiguftog 

tie ttiab mock ilnciures on iiii awn dull pcrfuiiiuAcci. 

See Rer. roT tlrii, p. • > % and :+o. 

D Jt A M A T I C. 

An. 21. Otttfh. a Tragedy. By William Sbaksfpcarc. Cob 
lue. rr<» ; ^rn Ed By the EJitor of King L*ar. 

8*o. ■: -d. Owen. i?73- 

Otpftniet re J *-itK a froatifpieec delignei .-» and en* 

awn. Ooi itica of this lidito d irom 

what wat (-id of tin itorzmd Hamttt : See Star. forMaTCh I77I1 and 



Art. » 3. AvnsAvnfati an .*A* Mri tithe Prt~ 

fmmtitm VttcSUedt. By J. Jacefc, Author of Obferr*. 

boat on the Statute ajid PrMgBt of W&eel Camogtf, 410. 

TWac Aiii ''oh die /WW inform us, are intended to 

obvutr x m raeais on I ': of wheel - 

carriages. iai3«-nedtmti«hri rj f . *c. ho 

as«aat to rec*in cd iKe of broad «hretr f ' aa ■- 

aan'rerfaJiy co rlic p(fc/t4:«on of the roatln pre. 
§»rcnt and coevenieoce of the pr- 
ra/riagei. WaniWfc *n toi» FampMet, u U tia ^oi^r* W 
afaeviey of - srjd o>r» 

an uan riti Mrfiiebtbt7Mearfcc~!ed by wh<ol-c7»ri%cp^t, %>, 

w Sec An. : : Month's Catiloguc. 

• See Kcv. h* }*v»*r/ }*A, &. 3. 
fur. J F 


*66 Monthly Catalogue, Mathematics^ Navigation, 

weight or the velocity of their motion," and not any other circum- 
-flance, which is the moft cffcntial objcA of corfrdcration, refpefting 
the damage they do the public roads. He propofes therefore to in- 
creafe their number and leflen their weight ; an amendment, which, 
he apprehends* would neither be itijuricrus'to the proprietor* nor to 
the community. Mr. J. concludes with ftfggcfling a number of re- 
-{rotations, refpefting turnpike roads and wheel-carriages,. With. 
regard to the latter, he advi'cs, " lit, That no waggons or foot 
wheeled carriages, have lefs than a fix inch wheel, flat tire, nor be 
permitted u> weigh with their load above three ton. 2dly, 'That lib 
cart or twowheeTecf carriages of burthen have lefs than a like fix inch 
'wheel flat lire, «orany be permitted to weigh with their load abciVfe 
• one ton^nd a half. - 3d!)*, -That no itaee waggon or foor-wheelcd 
carriage of hurthen be drawn by more than four horfes two a-breaft, 
-nor a loaded two wheel-carriage by more than two horfes a breanVor 
•three in length. 4-thly, That four wheeled flage-coaches and chaifea 
•be iciiric'-cd to wlieels at Icaft three inches broad, fiat tire* ntid tea 
burthen of two ton. All two wheeled chaifes or carts to «fc«h : tfP' 
the fame breadth, and to a lor.d of half the weight. $thiy. That 
pleafiue carriages and the coaches or chaifes of private pcrfynr; he 1 "' 
indulged with wheels of no inoic than two inches and a half brcicftbi^ 1 
flattiie; provided the four wheeled carriages, with the burden^dtf"* 
not weigh more 'than one ton and a half* and the two wheeled ca£" (, ° 
riagesuiore than fifteen hundred weight." •"! 1 '• 

Mathematics. " ,L 

Art. 34- Ibe young Geographer end AJlrotiomers left Companion* 
By E. Jones, Teacher of the CI a flics and Geography, at Bromley, 
'Kent. tsmo. 3 s. 6 d. bound. Baldwin. 1:73. 
A meer school boook, containing a brief abflrad of modern and 
.ar.tient geography, the ufe of the globes, the principle <■: dialling, 
the elements ol alironomy and chronology, it is prufetfedly a com- 
pilation, and may be of ufe to thofe for v. liom i: is intended. 

.Art. 25V The Mariner's Injirucl or : being an cafy and expeditious 
Method whereby a Mailer may teach the Art of Navigation in a 
fliortTime, Sec. By William PuddicumLc, ofTopflnun. ninu; 
?a. 6d. Law. 17^3. 

Books of this kind fo much refemblc one another, that it is need- 
J'-s ttt'grVe- a minute and circuraftantial account of every new pub- 
lication*. 7'bis. ij chiefly defigned for thole who ctnr.ot iparc more 
time in learning navigation than is abfoluicly neceiTary i arid therc- 
- lore many theorems are omitted and othcu are oftjy fuppoied, which 
.would 'have fwelled the book beyond a r«oc?erate fizc ami rendered it 
unintelligible to thofe for whole i<rvice it was primarily intended. 
The titfe-page will give a fufticient account of 11& contents. Ucou- 
tains, theGregorian or new calendar: the Jclcnption and ufe of the 
plain-arid C-unier's fcate: geometrical problems: plaiiii iiuverfe, 
and jVTercator's failing:- parallel, middle latitude, cbliquc and carnal 
failing: rules and directions to work an obfervarion: the method of 
finding the variation of rliecompafs by tfit fun's azimuth nnct aropli- 
tuoe r'togecher with- the plain and Meicator s charts, .wiri di'icflicni 

' iicw 

Monthly CataioCuc, PtEtiuL 


sow t*>pn<k : be tnctlcd of keeping a : Pea; 

'2 by an 
. iibles of lot: :n>c 

tar* aed uaf • n«a« Rtfily w Diking 


LI I l C \ L. 

Art. a6. 72* /*'/i andPnr- f v*d xhtt /*- 

bibttcmti •fib i . -^i«. /* r 

, tii uteJ 
Ordrog Ucrbiwj. T 

M taWtf ■ egiven Ri ..*;•> :fc< eitf'.cMaJirnunj 

DLtCu.ur ;. ia Ametkft. ..<. » :. Botfoa r ..iu_ ( !....„ n ic- 
privies i 

Tbr n (tamp af\, atd aftrr- 

virdi««ivfi mpoUuc<J«twiimjoicJcnafilek« c< *m«- 

nc4ocoaiuH>pciu .ho** 

c»tr vaiolr, to be, iliat I red to tit. 

I jritv were 
rfir— f^Moa. 1|*m,c mar be pcrajsucd t » :c ■ iei ioa of 

•»c~ » pu^i I '"»*> **iih the eje of 

crni, tost colooict ougtt er> b; treated MCOnJ 
UHUkUKr). A<O.0!iv 
Cinnu; u* : ...y ii.l::-i-. UrCJOX ol i:> : 1. .1 It .11. .... 1 - • ; .• .. j 
lt»ertfcreic can never 1 ;■ :i.!cncr. On the a 

r -oonk*. on a contuieoC 01 
aae be icuincii by a a l/eager itei cm thofc oi' wotual 
irt; tMh*iH ir'ibcfe arc in .icd, they aic --«jt of 

..tight to pail !e biuaiioa 

Utter we . 

abate of 1 


n fiut.t art. chiJd; it J i: 1* <gtw 
10 grow ruojc a-i 



■ k< 


.... ... 

JO AfUl-J 1 


68 Monthly Catalogue, Politic*!* 

fupport the officers. Hence the tea and other India goods that might 
have been fold in America, remain rotting in the company's were- 
houfes, while thofe of foreign ports are known to he cleared by the 
American Demand. Hence in Tome degree the coripfcfty's inability 
to pay their bills; the finking of their Hock, by which triillioa* c*J 
property have been annihilated ; the lowering of their dividend, 
whereby fo many muft be diftrcfled ; the loft to government of the 
ilipulated 4co,ooo pounds a year, which mull make a proportion- 
able reduction in oar Tarings towards the di (charge of oar enormous 
debt ; and hence in part the fevere blow fufrercd by credit in general, 
to the rain of many families » and the ltagnation of bufinefs in Spisal- 
ficldi and at Mancheftcr, through want of vent for their goods; with 
other future evils,' which, as they cannot, from the numerous and 
fecrct connections in general commerce, eaiily be forcfeen, can hardly 
be avoided. 

In the report of the committee to the town meeting at Boftoa, we 
have a concife fyftem of politics adapted to their fituation as colociftj, 
which is drawn op with great good fenfe and mature judgment . , 

An exemplification of their refpedlive articles of complaint in the 
nature of a memorial, is added, the particulars of which the public 
are by this time well acquainted with : the whole is concluded with 
the letter of correfpondence to the other towns, and with copies of 
the ineflages between the town meeting and Governor Hutchinfon. 
Art. 1J. Tbt Letttrs ofjuniir to Lord North, with Two additional 

letters on ibo Difmiffiom ofthtCuflom-houfi Ojietrr; dedicated to Ms 

Lordfbip, and addreffed to the Public. Svo. is. 6d. Wood- 

mafon. 1773. 

Thefe letters relate to the indirect fchemes of fraud and oppreflioa 
carried on by cuilom-houfe officers; men, whofe want of principle 
fufficiently known to all, both the honeft and dilhoneft, whofe bnfi- 
nefs in any meafure confifls in exports or imports. Their pra&icef, 
however, are very loofely hinted at, without coming clofc to po&tive 
fads, in particular in fiances ; — and the letters, which were /inl pub- 
iifhed in a news-paper, being now collected in the (::m- detached 
form, confitt'almoft wholly of declamatory introdoftibns and eoncUi* 
fions: whereas had they been thrown into one connected detail, they 
Aught have received new force, and been read to greater advantage. , 
Art. aS. The Advantages of a Settlement upon the Ohio in North 

jjjmtru*. 8vo. is. Ridley. 1773. 

A plain well meant train of perfuafive arguments to the fettlemect 
5n queftion j apparently written by fome perfen woll acquainted with 1 
the country, and better farniued with fact? aiun with the art of dif- » 
playing them in a p leafing manner. He gives a very Favourable 
account of the country at the conflux of the Midi flip pi and the Ohi<\ 
and advifes the building a fort there, which he fays would be on the 
fouth , what Albany is on the north, * centers of two circles of a very 
exten&ve commerce.'— Onr Readers will underfland his nicanio 
but he is not \try happy in cxpreffing it. 


Monthly Catalogue, Ntx*th ASfodtoqv* 69 

N o v £ l «. 
Aft. 39. Tit Fty&itnebU F; I41J. n.\u>* i Vol, 5s. Scwrd, 


Milan aa4 probability Late had no concern in she production 01 
Art, 30. fo/Sr#fc£ Pcrtnsn or the icmarV^bic Cafe of Jonn 

RanUr, written b) himfol/. irmo.. 51. 6d. BlaJftn. 1773. 

A rinWadoM, low, »li nrrittcn flo/y of the Author': illicit and 
B*i«t«»ate asiOBi witb Um daughttj of 4 fliop-kecper in a naarlcet 
MfeliMJt JamcVs. John Ramble ap; bis ova ac 

eoaat (wltkh bat, 10 give r;<ri b&i dot, thro -'A^ 

to be «-i»eTy iadiicrecc man, and to ha*c not only involved h 
dtticta* by »i» mtcondutt » but alio to havc'occjiioncl the ruin fit' 
lacpcorgirl u-hoai be fedutcd. Mi s M— *i pare- 
taaavc ruade but a foiiy ufc of the if authority ovci 

Art* 31* £mma\ Oft, the Unfortunate Attachment. 
Mac*/ Novel, same*. 3 Vol*. 75. HooJclt-im. 1 

Tbcocco;. bo; not cxre'lsnt :— yrr not rnniemntirile. \\c hue 
cbaraAtriied fifty fuch ; and are hefc of rtpettf. <«. 
Art. 31. Y*v jfy*s»y 9f Led Jtbhrn *» 7jw.-i or ll.c 

rexiairoed Libertine. By the Author of Frederick \ Ol ;'icJuru- 

ruaxr Beggar, una. ; Volt. 9 1. Raton, Sec. 17^3. 

Wfcoa *e read n ill written novel and jefleS, as we »ff Jed : 
on the tniUpji\',<xu*n of a writer's talents-, weeannot help recollecting 
the eacUmauoa of an boflcfl illi;c-ate t»o>an, fin Joe Miller, per- 
baps] 00 feeing one of bii acquaintance ''Rcry,— 

1 Tait OMaei ot jour r*aJi*g and ivritixf, you fooltih ri! 


. ^3- 7£. Cbimnc)~foxtptT$ jttung Appnntlutt inc*in£ 

the * retired >: 

11 do not obferve the Obligation of Indentures; 
a Brici Jnquirv in order to fupporc the civil and 
^^Mu K :;-!;!» of thefc Apprentices; to encourage j"">od Martcr:, 
at Prade ; i!>. ful Oc<u; 

zrnaybe con lid err J as an Ohj-et wnrtl < mention; 

■ >.- no loog< 

!> d. W • 
* --,, vs 1 '.l attention Ucverdi r pub* 

luted out t . fetched ice 


mad to the 
in;rj; our ctiimnios, A lubkript. 

1 i» no-v -' titling 

ol i r~c t jjid u 

■ • ■ ■ ' uon 

\t n at tare 

ci tl*e caipjujocnc : ■ ■•■ ur> tkugoodor 

. . , it be j ajg» 

500 a\ev. ior 

9- 4> 


Jo Monthly Catalogue, Mifallarum. 

eravate or alleviate the crrcumftances Of it) this fchcme will operate 
rathe i as a precarious palliative than a radical cure. It would there- 
fore be worth the zttcn'ion or' the committee formed to carry it into 
execution, to endeavour at rclcuing tbe poor children from fuch filthy 
unwholelume wcrt, ry introducing a different mode of performing it; 
A> the cafe Hands at prefenr, children at the moft tender age are, 
on account of their fn.aJHrzc, put into a worfe employment, and are 
worfe treated in it, th;.n any full grown man experiences in this 
country; allowing for their different degrees of Itrer.gtb, and for 
compulfion in one cafe, and voluntary hire in the other. In fhort, 
it is a grofs violation of the molt obvious dictates of humanity, Co 
force young boys, as foon as they are able to Die their feeble limbs, 
up nairow, footv, daiijrrous funnels, merely becaufe their friendlc It 
foliation, and incapacity ci icii:!ancc, expefc them to fuch cruel, 
treatment. Istheau of fwuping cliiinmes arrived at the nt flut 
vltra f It is to be hoped not. . i we ate rightly informed, chimniei 
are often fwept in various parts of this iflaud, l>y a furze bum, or 
whiip of straw, tied to the middle of a lens repe, which is drawn up 
and down the funnel by a penbn above and another below ; and fome 
fuch expedient when improved by experience, might be adapted, to 
put a i : .cp to the fran.cfu! advantage now ta'-en of poverty and help- 
lcfs : nor cuuid the focicty fir the encouragement of arts, 
&c, ofcer a premium that weld icdourui l.'.ore to the honour of their 
humanity, than toliimulatc thcconuiv^ncc of an (.-xicctual mcihcdtcr 

^il 34. /? Drapnr's AduYffi to the «ocd P. 'pit of E/igko.J, 0Y1 the 
- Cautcs of the prtfent denrntls ox" 1*1 virions, &c. fcvo. 61!. 
Longman. »7"3- 

• All irirenucus attempt* to lnicfiii.aic the cavifes of a general 
calamity are laudaM-.* ant*, meritorious, 1 rwever unlucccliiul they may 
br,' liiys our AdHrene, with tru»h ; although it may bf neceiTary to 
fet bounds to this poflticn. leli the public be too miiih pcfiercd with 
•the reveries of well meaning peiiuiia, who are at the fame time defii" 
tutc of thofe abilities which arc requifitC to maintain a rcfpctiable 
appears in print. — '1 hi* U titer may l*e 4-eMvoii.r.i in his defign ; 
and it is confuted that his few pa^cs arc not pttcrly devoid of inte- 
refting pcf;ticns: he kcr»;s. however, jtixll} to citimate himfelf as a 
plain man of msdfrcte unv'ert'taniHii^ 

Hccpciii Lis little l,uc f ;ct vi.h :.n avowal of his cliiTatisfaflion with 
regard to the examination * of ?.:tiirs. fcmyth end Farrow, concerning. 
the prsfont high price, ci.d the cUtfillatii it, of grain. He declares 
himlelf pc Jib rally unacq-jainud v. ith thele "cntfcmcB, but he afTerts 
that their petitions and Cfiiclufions »Mc <r ir;:tly the aprearatace of 
fallbocd, and he is very app rehenhve that the treat council of the 
nation may b< Aft/hy their repreientutiins Lc prcftfTes too- much; . 
charity to believe that MiflW. S. and K. arc bad men, -who would 
wil'uily miflesd the W* cfC. and impale on the nsrioii, but he tbinki 
them unlit for the bufinefs of calculation, unable to form probable 
corje^tures, and unlikely to take the ncccflary pains to procure in- 
formation. He undertakes to confute tlieir accounts and rcafomngs, 

L. .1 ■ ■ l" 

* Dcfoie t'r.c lioaic of Commons. 

> 2 and 

Monthly Catalogue, Mj/uBmtBk 



on (h< vinoui e&pic* of o-ji, culture, 

• .» .: . i ■ 

mctxxaust /+//*, <.•;«•/ ,;.:r, . -rewft ; : •• i •'-. • wool , 

(4 i .- noi, fqaVtam . 

»ciy Cf.'oucuus i aad, Ctl 
. cbough r ii ;»«b- 


frtQ'hOn .r 
Alt. J5. Z.^/n M I J to « 

- )*■*« LmIt. i ( j V% 

Tfcii *» a teafirtic, ptauiafr perfiHnnam.fcaM'i i ;, . 

tW aaiad* act! f • .. yaufl^ f*. 

« , »ib*flac*ucui*nc*e<&tti aanthtfca 

raaaasce*; aJiiu u^.i it i . ion*t*Trd tlu* in fame of ii,_- lute 

< red) rat moraii i Ik mofl lively pfcflorei of (be tnnsan 

. ■ • . art calculated to 
ic pjtk>ns o.* ►oulli, 
Jbottd be iv n ; nril' Jin ilicu I r>c Tiinicj', 3.1J ihcfcn* 

liaflQU of tbtfc /& :. re farther rrmuccd. rftra 

tena to vitiate ir j to miflead itie oaocrrtanchr..' 

pMtaoofi ci ntraot '• »a y advent hicfc frldom if ever happen 

and p.-.. .ma the »Jioit4!K»n u 

■iir.i; :— whic*. nldt nur Awborr veia* 

§otwt4 tint is a 1st! 1 '1 p- • it-.- .. ; ; .. ■ . 1 youtip wo* in mafcet it 
-eirwf ', cjM^r 

x«aae/fec-i '«t i»^»r." 

toe abort: reliction* app :-» ibrne of Our 

9ui tafoac ihetn that tin n!!/ 


it<r» arr v - rciy 

■ ■ . iit.irt 

• vosngaadv tswaoaibbc/ 





•am l*i, at>4 tbci 

n*«M of 
*i aci . ^eograpay znd corv 

; ttftwy. 

00 tlu- rt£iiU!»*» cr tSa 


-t rtf *f*l» »>«IHB<ftl 14 * I«fit * .<<• w.i- 

■eTi 11 the peculur chsrxn of eas 

• i'i their tears becoming—* 

;odci j,5 ixi be rva i# to 

at ihe flarta at a feather; avmI Vo wtah 

keirt-. . le faulleJl ai;.cV/u cjju're orcrpawest bar. — NotVin^ta 

>' 4 

j 2 Monthly Catalogue, Mtfctflannus. 

-effectually defeats its own ends is this kind of afftftation : for though 
warm affc&ions and tender feelings are beyond meafnre amiable and 
Cltfrsningj when perfectly natural, and kept under the due COfltroni 
of reafon and principle— yet nothing is fo truly difgafting «» the 
affectation Of thcrn, cr even the unbridled indulgence of fuch as are 
Teal.— Remember, my dear, that our feelings were not given us for 
our ornaments, but to fpur us on to right actions — Companion, for 
inflance, was not impreffid on the human heart, only to adorn the fair 
face with tears, and to give an agreeable languor to the eyes,— it 
was defigned to excite onr utn.oft endeavours to relieve the fufferers. 
—Vet how often have 1 heard that kiiilh wealtnefs, which flies from 
the fight of diflrefs, dignified with the name of tendernefs ! — ** My 
friend is, I hear, in the deepeft affliction and mifery; — I have not feen 
her,— for indeed I cannot bear fuch fcenes — they affect me too much ! 
thofe who have lefs fenfibility are fitter for this world;— but for my 
part, I own, I am not able to fupport fuch things — I (hall not attempt 
to vifit her, till 1 hear (he has recovered her fpirits." This 1 have 
heard faid, with an air of complacence, and the poor felfilh crea- 
ture hasperfuaded herfelfthat the had liner feelings than thofe gene- 
rous friends, who were fitting patiently in the houfe of mourning- 
watching:, in filence, the proper moment to pour in the balm of com-* 
fort ; — who fupprcfled their own fenfations, and only attended to thofe 
of the airlifted perfon — and, whofe tears flowed in fecret, whilft their 
eyes and voice were taught to enliven the finking heart with the ap- 
pearance of chearfulnefs. - That fort of tendernefs which makes ua 
ufelefs, may indeed be pitied and excafed, if owing to natural imbe* 
cillity— but, if it pretends to lovelincfs and excellence, it becomes 
truly contemptible* 

Wc recommend thefe volumes to the attention of the younger part 
of the fair fex; as the inilruClions here offered to them will certainly 
tend to render them equally amiable and ufeful, in every lUtion and 
circumftance of life. 

Art. 36. The Socratk Syfttm of Morah : as delivered in Xeno* 
phon's Memorabilia. S\o. 6d. Rivington. 1774- 

Xcnophon's Memorabilia are commonly regarded as a collection of 
agreeable and inftruclivc colloquies, not immediately connected with 
each. other,,: ,tb$ .Author of this little tract imagines that he feet in 
them angular, fyflcm of morals, comprehended under the three gene- 
ral he^ds of/duty towards dod, our neighbour and ©urfelve*. To 
fuppprt' bpirtum. he lays before his Readers a fynopfis of that 
famous and valuable piece cf antient litemturc. • The three firft 
beoks, fays be, contain an analytical invefligation of the duties of 
man, towards God— himftif— and hi*' neighbour, conftdered in two 
points of view; as a member of a private Family*, and of a public 
community; the fame duties are in the fourth book delivered jyntbt- 

However juft this Writer'* remark be, there is an affectation fome- 
times in his flyle, which is not agreeable. The above fentenee 
discovers fomewhat of it, as does alfo the following : * Common 
reader* <onfider this performance as no higher a fpecie* of compofi- 
tion than A emoirs delivered with inimitable eale and elegance. 
But to tlie philofopliical mind, nvbicb ftmirattt bfyond the furfacrj 

8 ' ami 

Monthly Catalogue, Afifieilawtnt. ;j 

aW carrw/Tottr ttx rmyi *fir%ib t «« im'traaJ f*v*fit $%•€* of its briag 
a aartfcadtcal piece- * rrguHr and complete fyitem of morals/ 
There see, tower**-. /Wei e:> oMervarion* iti this little patnphict ; 
bat wt can by no axmi *£ Wat ccnfurc of the rrcac 

aavd tmjy TcaCraUc Nitrn^, In page I ■. where tb.u iaimof uf gc- 
l i* ijvrsAt tftke fitnAMXitti if Moral / **£>/£ r* 
r ere ton in any c. fuch i liberal treattnestt of en** 

■oryofcbiiPautcr or Fh .Lo.iOHHits.isriighlj'inckctnt, and will 
retorted by «*cr>- Jortrot science, aad every friend 10 virtue 
ft- 37- -/ tailbfm Nmrmhtt •/ fw Csnvrrvkn «W £>nrtA «/ 
C«**e Strty't*, Un in** MtMt/Itr ef P.-*xr^.-.Pablif»ed by 
1>. Mooter, ac emit**! I)i«in* v who wa* ordr.-cd by the rvi»£ to 
prrpaac him for Drva. Towhie* i* aci:i- liitory of C 

merold E- ic of till I.iipritonincnt to his death, 

'teed from throrigimKicrmiin. Embrlliihcd with 
tovHrjdiof both tf/C aohaopy Coantt. Svo. |t. Sewed. Liccc. 


iccoant is ondoibcccly geasir.c, and doei credit co the bu> 

tauetlaa to hii chtirAiUr as a ciiriAi-'i 
Cotncttetidsti-in i* alio ilu» to Of . Hw, who attended Count 

!. An s*ptsl tttbt Pnfk ba*V', on the lite Diffe- 

rence between John Foibcrgill and Samuel Lrcd*; U> Ut as the 
the Society wti concerned therein. To which ii 
a I-c.ter w*4 to Dr. 1 by a Friend, while 

was in Litigation. 8vo. 6d. Sold by the BookCdJcrj ** 
ml Exchange, i 
rnVeni the Quakers to b?, in the general, a peaceable and wrv. 
fee of people. »•>.' -which ieaf.»a it gives 01 fornr concern to obi 

■ n which thty contend among iSrmi«!vc. and a« cun. 
to tbeir own eltabJiincd rulei. Tnc Pamphlet now before u*. 

net given no thcwntle- 

men tinned in the 1 . Lud * inch hav now been legally 

frtnmH in but frern* only intended to 

Ic the oonduA of three perlbat who were the majority e»! the 

ir» to vbofc d-ictmi. . :: -:i. conform jp- 

ajiionp, cbe Qaukcra in fuch ca*V» a the alTait tad, with 1 lie 

tt ofeacM 

■.id-, and within thi 
ird. 10 which I 
ic was CI n the cccr: 0: 

which conrt cbe fjid aw4i 

ihr d«f*o4taons of ih- 1 tort in Weitminficr ! 

isa»e oehee pnpen, are Lrre I 1 . the COflfldcfStlon o. 1 

pobiic. B> wfett w« _. . : .. JicDce, we are led to 

fjppo'V, tfctt cheic ' had en I to cvc;u:c. < 

ddcitsy, the irus) repotedia them . bu; tiu Uuoai.-J^e of w-ny other 
ttr**m*3* m i>-.:rr •■« tfcc form '';nent in thi« 

cUr,— for wax of avhich we I .. .th 

ciitamt; at>'j*i 

' R % i i cj 1 

74 Monthly Catalogue, Religious, &c* 

Religious and Controversial. ' ■ , 

Art. 39. Jjhort Defend of the Doclrine of. the Divinity oj ' Qbrifi ; 
with fame Remarks upon a late Appeal to the feriouj and . candid 
Pxofeffbrs of Chriftianity. The fecond Edition. To which is 
added, a Supplement, containing Obfcrvations upon a late familiar 
JUuftratiom of certain Paffagu of Serif tare, l a mo. 3 d. Crowder, 
&c. . 

It is (peaking much to the advantage of works in polemical divi- 
nity to fay, that they are written with candour and charity; it is 
not often that we can fay fo much in their favour; but this praifc is 
due to the little performance before us. As to its immediate fubject, 
we have had fuch frequent occafions to take notice of it, that it is 
very unneceffary for us now to add any remarks. The pamphlet is 
a repetition of thofc arguments that have been repeatedly urged, and, 
numbers think, as often refuted ; the writer intends it for the ufeof 
thofc who cannot read larger tracts. On whichever fide of the ques- 
tion truth lies, we apprehend there are feme corn-derations o tiered 
by this Author, which he himfelf can hardly think have very great 
weight, or which will not admit of an explication equally favourable to 
the other parry; and we niuik regard him as much too peremptory, when 
after having collecled fever al palfaccs of fcripture, he adds, ' If they 
do not prove that t\ic Lord Jefus Lurid is alfo the Almighty Creator, 
and, consequently, Very and eternal God, it fignihes nothing at- 
tempting to prove any thing by fcripture ; words can convey no 
meaning, but upon all language refts impenetrable caxknefs and 
confufion.* We doubt not but he firmly believes^the doctrine for 
which he argues ; but thus it is, too often, with warm writers in di- 
vinity,—** Either W explication L right, or there is no truth in the 
fcriptures. 1 ' 

Art. 40. The ExcelLncy of the J*wijh law vindicated: Id two 
. Sermons, preached before the Univerfity of Oxford* at St. Mary's, 
To which is added, an Appendix : And alfo a ihort Comment on 
on Pfal. cix. and lv. Wherein they are fliewn not to be impreca- 
tory, but prophetical. By Thomas Randolph, O. !). President of 
C. C. C. and Lady Margaret's Profcfibr of Divinity. 8vo. 1 t.6d. 
Rivington. »773» 

This Author is an advocate for the writings of the Old Teftament, 
in opposition to fonie perfons, -even among Chriiiians, who have 
affected to fpeak of them with a kind of difrefpecl. He produces a 
number of quotations from them, and in different views reprefcoxa 
the propriety, the advantage, and excellence of the it* totes and com- 
mands delivered to the pc; pie of ifrael. He offers fome jull conn- 
derations, both in the feimons and in the appendix, in order to rfc- 
fcrnd their law from the imputation of cruelty. To thefe are added 
remarks on the account which Dr. DurelJ, iu his late criticifm ou 
the books of Job, Pfalms •, Sec, has given of the imprecations in the 
ICQth Pialm. Dr. Randolph is diuatisfied with his friend's ob- 
fcrvatior.* on -the fubject, but he treats him with refpecl, and 
effera ionic rva/on5 , which feem judicious and weighty, to mew, that 
the paflhges which now appear as imprecations, Ihould be- tran Dated 
ir. t:i-J fuure unie, and are to be cc«iudered as prophetical. 

• '. iJ. Her. vol, xlvl'u p. 119. 

Monthly CATAtOOOt, R/Srmt t &<* 


:'\ it ftf}-, '•**£' *£* 

Itrlferd C'fli'iVy/. With fam StriOw 
m ax. SlviMMf tidt *vt>*r is tbir* ttmfiJtrfM, nt 
}***•■■ flW h/waw, ii im s/tttiy im\rit*t9rj ,x*J ***»,*. 

W. By i Mraifecr of the Urmcr i .. I 


Thrt emiUsts nth Dr. R 

i ,~ ■ 

t'ro r - te d«^j nn* jmc. c^J co h- | 

lb aod inci 

•■ with a 
riea ioch> 
k ■ppron 

I '. Dorcll <'.' Dr. i- uColpii, but I*b>or» to 


on by Dr. St to, wba f 
«s fcavr be*s proroi>n«d sj^inrt D 

i0 title pJgp he lr«M 
- hat iick e>a£i*ci a*c ittffftar*' 

II be- 
»ubr. Fl- arHtei at 1 man t>$ in£*" n 

in he apprc*<**Ji to i»-s «. » 
iti. *;. 74i J ■ 

tV/ ji"' S/rmtai, frr j '!•/./ ja r'* Par/A 
LUr.v $/ S>. ' «y .'. 

Royal Sue. Loand. Rtfin^try . 

of the dtTa*«fBtio*i r . l.ird, 

f 1 1 V no 


The fc trth">r fe!!i 
tkcconllfaai^n mi) • 
">e»<?bl 01 

- the 
i ibe gic.ndi and n itifWem 

■ I ct 


. lie • iiar<c * n 

itoui;..- rrmun I. — !II. treats 

-m »nd eourfr 

vc-rrHbiHty and ccmirty o toter- 

ieMtM. Pin inr/-/-.., oofli|)j«ti*id' '.'I. emu 

: tkcaonJ i to the dtJu^c j the 

•do; «ii*i tSr propriety c 

the /oiri. <. i'-|,tcV.CQfe&\«, 

trmor '- i/rtw oj* dc mora, ftatc of the world bon\ \Vt &*- 

j6 Monthly Catalogue, Religious, && 

luge to the departure out of Egypt ; the feveral di fpenfatkmi relative 
thereto ; and the miraculous interpositions by which they were fup- 
ported. Fart the fourth, comprehended in Sermon XI.— XVI. treat* 
of the moral Hare bf the world from the departure out of Egypt to 
the end of the Babylonifh captivity, the feveral difpenfations relative 
thereto ; and the fuitablenefs of the miracles which occur in that pe- 
riod, to the great end they were defigned to promote. Part xhtjifib t 
comprehended in Sermon XVII. treats of the moral ftate of the world 
ait the time of our Saviour's appearance — and of the neceffity of anew 
revelation. Part the fixth, comprehended in Sermon XVIIL-— to 
XXIII. treats of the connection between .the doctrines of Chritt and 
the moral exigencies of mankind — and of the analogy between his 
miracles and doctrines. Conclufion — Sermon XXIV.' 

In Tome of the difcourfes the Author appears to be rather prolix, 
and alfo, at times, to lay, perhaps, too great ftrcf* on uncertain or 
conjectural explications and derivations. But his fermons are, on 
the whole, fenfiblc, inllructivc, and directed to a practical ufc. la 
the la ft difcourfe, the force of the argument is fummed and addrcficd 
to the ferious attention of the unbeliever and the chriftian. 
Art. 43. A brief and impartial Hijlory of the Puritans ; rtprgftnU 

ing their Principle* and Sufferings, with occajiwal Ob/ervathm. Bt 

the Author of the ferious and earn eft Addrefs to Protettant DiiTcn- 

ters. ramo. 4d. Johnfon. 177'. 

This little tract is intended for the information of thofe perfoni 
uhofctime, orcircumflances, will not permit them to gather it from 
larger performances. It is indeed multum in parvo, and leaves no 
^ooin to fufpect the writer of mercenary motives. The revival of 
ancient difputcs and animofities is not in itfclf pleating or defirable ; 
but to remind men of the principles of liberty, to warn them 
againft political or ccclcikidical encroachments, and mew them in 
what religion really confifts, as diflinguilhed from its mere circum- 
ltantiab and formalities: thefe are in troth important ends, and in 
tbcfe views it is to be wHhcd that publications of the kind now be* 
fori: us might be eafily attained and circulated. The Author aims 
at impartiality in his relations, which is fupcrior to any elegaocior 
ornaments of ftylc. He writes with plainnefs, becaufe he writes for 
t;.::.t:ral inttruction; but he writes with good fen fe and perfpicuity. 
Improperly obferves, that every material circumftance could not be 
recorded in fo fmall a pamphlet, and it is probable he found fomo 
,di.';\culty in felcctinc the moll llriking facts. 1 hough wc do not pro- 
poft any long extracts from this publication, we find ourfelvesmuch 
inclined, to infert two fhert paffages that follow, relative to the 
adroinlftration of affairs in the time of Archbifhop Laud. « One 
miniilcr,. it is faid,.was fufpended for preaching on the Sunday even- 
ing, though it was a funeral fermon. And whereas fomc minifters 
died to explain the queftions andanfwers in the catechifoi, and nuke 
a f.iort pra/cr before and after, the bifhop reproved them fharply.for 
it, faring that tvas as bad at preaching-, fome who continued this 
piaclice were enjoined public penance.' 

In another place, when notice is taken of the imprudent and 
fooiifh zeal of Laud, anil others, in driving away manufacturers and 
foreigners, it is obferved, ' One fobcr. hone ft manufacturer, who 
Keeps treaty poor conllajitly at work, is of xuore real fervice to the 

MoHTiur Catalogue, fidtfim^ e»v. 


than he who lavs oar thnufandi in merely beantifvinf 

oe eariching colleges : Land and his trt.iidh tan bttn 

cried op lor tie tatter, *hM the irreparable Icrfi the r . 

iSfldi by tieix slillurbiiij riccert in J induftrtooi tiadcfincn, ha* 

located of li-.tle moment, by tlicir puncgyrifli.' The word 

i, in she above pxffage, had bet'er, perhips, have been orrwttH, 

ly agreea&c to the camtour All writer profctTct: there arc, 

tfciadt, a Jew other iit&ifices of the Me hind. Th< Kccurtt pre* 

Mr* Jcbb cf C-iubiidgc, though « ought to be publicly known 

tad uuflaadvertod on. i>» pre apprehend, rather mifpbcH tn britf 

ifcrted ift the a+vrrtijimrrt Jit thr hrgioninj n|* thi» pobliotioa. 

irt. 444 *V*4v $trm*t t» Jljft^ By iIk Author ol Scrrnt>n* to 

Aflcs. i ,-no. 2* Bladon 

Thffc fcrsnons. fcven in number, arc all from oie ret*, ffc, 

fudge* iii. a*. d*d tbt dirl f**t cxt. The r-rr*chrr a arch and 

\ pouring ibr.h a torrent of keen fatuc. H * former pab- 

• mi chicfiy ad-- re fled to the alcqnr . 1 mote 

through the mini. ten w religion are by 00 menu unnotfirct). 

before uiimoAun tholy picture of thr 

thiagt in the ***r*r* hrul cf A/oa* ; b-Jt wSo will {tppaCe 

iuth a «ielcrip;x»n ii ..pplicablo to the CWi/ian coantrr *>f Great 

Uii. reader* cannot, hou-rver, be at any loT» todlfccjn tin 

the fhrife in to ruo rar&tr /«t» ; but Inch is rhe «rrunti.«i aid 
•ality ©f the ague loch our prorfigacr ard folliei ; fo Er$f«j"c are 
J, and yet lb «| rctt anj opprrffive is the ioCrcallc£ 

which Wl raokaCf people from :h* 

eft of Baonopo! h :uJera, and others, who are eerfcd 

the mercenary and unrighcroui art? of trade.— that we rauft ap. 
4 o»r latin*, and expretJ our wi!h that ifci*, or an) c 
rtctit, c.ij-ht contribute, DOC only toexpok 
ivc tic nay for a reformat i-?n of oar ci.m.v. 
the book ii, with runic 1 . a&lrrfTed to thefe who peti- 

tntsi agaiftt tfcebill ua Lvoar nf the iitTen 
►rt. 4e. 7!6# £*£&/& Prtatb*r : or, Sermout on the pfincipil 
SvbyeeUof Rclrgicw aod MoeaJ oi. revifed. ami a! . . 

•Voaa tariosi Anther a. \'«L 1. snd IL i;uio. ( . 
Johefcfi. iy?J. 

TfceEJttortoftrsr'e toVi^r« appears profc&uly under the chamc- 
aorof a compiler, wko»'c cmc?, he a<k»o*lcdg<?, ;,, a; U&, but a 
f.txdrr grvus-.d of .-en NIC he proprily -J.I , i:;ai n .1 by no 

BTtrracvrirhonr ia use to ire pabiic. He offer? fevcraJ «••' 

'-.eoor, a'tivchu.? muH owi * ->nc?n<jvf ; parti- 

enbrir in rrjja-d W (enn-.-in. The? iutnclt of a enf, a in the 
lane/ refpect he th*a dekribcai ' while hefaiihful/y rcui. 
■kiiu aad dii'tiou ct each author, be .Tioul-.' 
ram of a difco 1 

decree, the air of foer ^ j« f k 

mons, and occaionally to charge a nerd or pheaf« which time haa 
rrstdeicd obfohtte Of osTenaW. Tbe/c iranll 4icrri:ion> can t 
julkctoibc Author, *J»i.. 1 cordnuc extant in tlarJi 

iee- HcrJcn, moL xxxix. p 4 IOC- 


y8 S e .1 M o n s. 

aal form, and may greatly contribute to render the reading of the tcrn'ioiiAnore agreeable, and confequently more ufefal. 

T he Authors made life cf in this collection, arc faid to be almoft 
entirely Mich as apiiarcd between the years 1660 and 1760. The 
number of icrmons in tho rirll volume is fifteen ; and they are the 
competitions offome of our bell preachers 

An. 46. Two Letters on the Subject cf Subfcription to the Liturgy 
and Thirty nine Articles of the Cbur.b of England. To which is 
added an Appendix, relating to the fame Subject, and particularly 
pointing out fome few of the t.rrors in the ertablimed Liturgy, 
By H.Norman, late an anfufpended Minor Canon cJ Winchelter 
Cathedral. 8vo. 2 1. 6d. Wilkic. 1773. 
Wc have heie a proof that a certain degree of perfecution only 
fcrve:, to rcrdcr the fufferer more ca^er and zealous in the caufe which 
he hath embraced. The Author has been deprived of hii minor ca- 
nonry, which is the better half of hi; inc.;:'.;:; and though two 
gentlemen offered I* 1 do the duty for him, for a fmall part of the pay, 
the propofal wa? rejected. This circumftancc, however* fo far .from 
abaiir.^ 1 , fee in > to have raifed his ardour for the removal of fubferip- 
tii.n, ai.d f'«;r obtaining other reformations in the chiirch of England, 
to th- # hi^ncil jitch. Wc can cafiJy fuppofe, from the impeux-fity of 
this performance, that Mr. Norman is not what the wotlrf \\\\\ call 
a prudent mr.tu But he appears to be, what is far preferable, an 
lio:u u men, who Icorn.s any decree of concealment, where what he 
apprehends to be the ir.'.L:ut or truth and ie':igious liberty is cdn- 
cerrtd. Nor :i he dcltitute of abilities, though he hath yet much to 
learn with regard to the art of compoJition. He wikc in too diffufe 
and defultory a manner, an*' \\h ft ounces arc io infufferably long, 
that it is fon.ctimes difficult :..• ; ; ...:r £-;.ir.maucal conftrufiion-\ 
As he has formed a design of iu\ure publications, we would wiflr 
him, ifPoJ!ib!e, to acquire a tr.r.c je;fpicujui, concife, and ace u- '. 
rate ilyle. It might not be amifs tor him to itudy fuch writers,' 
whether ancient or modern, as are remarkable for the clear nefs of • * ,f 
their language, and for the. ihortnefs, or, at Icaft, the moderate' * 
length of their fentenccs. This advice we give in pure friend (hip, :: 
becaufe wc think that Mr. Norman's zeal and fpirit might make him ' 
an ufjfuj author, if his oiher talects were united with -telle aod ' 

N. 3. The account cf Mr. N— *s pamphlet was drawn np and ''" 
fent to the printer before the letter concerning it was received. Ho ' 
has been treated with juiticv and candor. '>■':' 

SERMONS. J ''*' 

I. A Difeourfe on the Advantages tftbe hfitlar Situation of Great JiVjf- 
tain; delivered at Spithcad, on Occafion of the Preparations for "'"- 
his Majefty s Review of the Fleet. By John fionar, A. II. Chap- 
lain of hit Majcfty's Ship the Cerberus. 4to. t s, Flexney, 

«773- • , . * 

It would be paying a very ill compliment to oar fovereign and his 

-minifiers, to fuppofe that the late review of the fleet at Portfroouth 

had no nobler motive than the exhibition of a fplendid'fcenery of 

Varitirr.c cbjecTs for mere holiday admiration \ when fo fine a difptey 



efotr n%9t\ (hmgth was eap*W* of com mimic tiwig C ■£ 

Jrtsaoacrov befao! our part, we arc »- Ung 

r ;ratJ&ed with a view tkxi may be foppofed to OQtrfc, a every 

myeb. a .amnion, or any e-ife<T 

fpotofe-r r«ry imrr : ' ' the oc- 

eaftcn did rot «ri<3j>r out n*Q* ufea: the he-neit purferofthe 

lcn walls of Old ic 

, a^J the hearty efcan* 

..i.r in l!is pnjper exemse 

mo:e. In s gotid tfecU- 

■frralfcm* which, we l.o^e, will alw*y* ailu^tc 

It- Preached in the inj, at 

1 ' ; of ihc G 



aflitfc ou.* jud^iueoc in the rjgfct ui ; ul c; *ujri- 

.jBf $f //*' Xty'ai: R at 

ibsCuaeant, York, (use 1 . opcr,I>.Dj 

•Wifce, an* V: ntfcetd, Yorklhire. 1 3. 

White, ire 


T# tbf AUTHOR! J/ 'A* MONTIUV R f »• I E IV. 

• T Ajti % plain bene!) haftundmno, nfco read rour K iefly 

L j>iO$e£»ou. Tl 

-Slrd. " An Itq: boa between the 

>it: into my 

bo&oureJ I) '. T r, lifcj; lxic Lord-Mayor 

city. . |aij - , that 
~-r, by co: add 

. , iirxl believe 
■ your rev: 
-. dlord foca »c to Li* i I there I met a 

rvuftdft to kaeya . r, the 

-Uio/o/::' (Jet! to whom he gi 

of j man. 1 . defcrvetrast caa- 

iligod to my landlord for the peraul of 


. ; -of thii perform* 

in you; Li. . 
Ccnc. a> iiu> » dcmm** 
tsi *edrr*ti prott for 2 coram- 

whereat }OU 11 : - -n 1* u; » If pCTCcS 

1 j; a c**ina>*ei farmer «..-. kkc* 

worth? I:QiUct:d j £< I !ui .u£ b 



So Correspondence. 

the pamphlet, and your review of it, I refolved, when I went home, 
to examine the matter ; and, as the fubjecl appears to me of great 
coofeauence, I fend you the refult of that examination. 

* Mr. A t, in p. 142 of his pamphlet, combating the 
Opinions of the Anther of a certain Inquiry, obferves, that '* he at- 
tempts to reinforce the refult of his tables, by an eftimate drawn up 
of the fanner's expences, produce, and profit, on ten acres, which 
he would prove to amount to 6$ per cent, per annum for four fuccfjfof 

jeers.* 9 But Mr. A — ■ 1 propofes " to fet him right in fome 

eiTential poidts, by ftating a true account of the expences and produal 
of fuch a courfe as he lays down." Ibid. This Aate he gives in the 
three fuccteding pages, viz. 143, 144, and 145 ; — and then, in p. 
1-46, he affcrts, " by the above eflimatc, which I believe neareft the 

truth, it will appear that the farmer may clear about 1 2 per cent, per 
annum in the four years." However, he obferves that a great de- 
duction from this profit is to be made, on account of the intereft of 
his money, for the greateft part of the expences of the wheat crop 

the 6rft year. 

* Hence, Gentlemen, it fully appears, that you are guilty of no 
miftakc in aflcrting that 12 per cent, is Mr. A t's own cal- 
culation of a farmer's probable profit on a given courfe of hufbandrv, 

I am, Gentlemen, your conftant Reader and humble Servant, 


4 P. S. As I am a free man, I mull take notice of a ieeming op- 

pofition of feotiment betwixt you and Mr. A 1, which may 

proceed from your different views of the fame object. Mr. A 1 

calls the courfe which he examines an execrable one, p. 146, and you 
call it a judicious one. See your laft paragraph. 

* You are both parties writing of common farming, in which ma* 
nnre and fallows are neceflary ; and in this courfe a crop of wheat, 
a fecond of barley, and a third of oats, arc all neceflary to a living 
profit, and therefore may jullly be called a judicious courfe, becauw 
without them the farmer cannot live: but Mr. A t had 
probably in his eye the better hufbandry, which is not yet become 
common, viz. that of fallow crops, in companion with which any 
courfe, with dung'd fallow, is juilly flyled execrable.* 

•.• We did great injuftice to father Shandy's cftimate of the value 
of praQiccd knowledge, in the quotation at p. 452 of our Iaft Re- 
view, which we gave from memory. Inltead of pound, the reader is 
defired to infert tun. 

tfr We are forry for the under-mentioned errors of the prefs, 
which, in two or three places, have greatly injured the author's 
fenfe, ifl one of our extracts from Dr. Duncan's EJfaj en Hetpinefs. 
The leader is, therefoie, defired to correct as follows, 1a tba 
Monthly Review for June, <vix. 

P. 442, 1. 1- fatEdtm, read Edent. 

■ '■ 1. z8. for courts thee, read courts it, 

■ 1. 41. for thine eternal, read internal. 



For AUGUST, (773. 

fnm lulj % in lix futf 17;* oWi;^, hy tk Utt 
J m f Earl */ Ctri and Orn/y. Pcblitricfl from 
tbcOri^imlt, lottt, oy John Duncorabe, 

Clu iiLordiup, Keeio* o< »ie. Aodrcvv'» ana St, Mary 

fi*oi»aa'», a»J one of the Six Preeciej 
tabory. ro. ji. 6d. boua.V V. 

'T^ If £ S £ I tore thin a common claim to ar- 

X Wftfioh, fiom tbe nam<" i )ds and i 

Cer, already well known for hi* Tran ;jittlei # , 

'••on the J u ol (htD Swiftf. 

the woilj fey 

ao accurate h<iito- i bis preface, hit fu'mthcd ths 

ktUcs wiUi a vciv cjrxumllajociaJ account of the Jifc an J fa- 

Lord Orrery ; a family which tm been more ennoble I 

bj * hcrrdirjry li>.-e of (ciencc and literature, thfio by 

"the Mi marks 
by »J 

c* a; Flo- 

I »a eafy, ram-liar, description of thofe 

through *hich '.he r^blcWiiccr patted 

courfe oi hj* toer; and chough many ox" in* placet and 

objccls ment oncd have been often dryly liefciibcd before, yet 

hrre the n ; enriched with m»ny critical remarks, the 

refalt <A uffc irii rrH : we nre not only gratified wita 

.rable perloriagc? ; •, hut 

cctJom of I eh came co the 

i'a knowledge duiinj his rcSdchce EaTuica 

Among the <! « troy be diftin^uitHrd ihofc of Lille, 

Lrooa, Cuabcrj, the ?afl-,;c orcf Mount Cenb, Turin> 


Vot. XUX. 

■f R:r. rel. r. p. 407* 
C YtttrvV 

8z Orrery's Litters from hah: 

Parma. Bologna, Florence, with its gallery, Pifa, and Leg* 
born. As a fpecimen of the entertaining vaiiety in thefe Let- 
ters, vie iball produce the fifih, daicd from Turin, 1 7 5+- 

■ The city ot Turin, dear Sir, is not large, nor can it in any 
fenfc be called magnificent. The fame may be faid of the King's 
palace. There is a very pleafing neatnefs peculiar to both. Plenty 
pf water, os in Salifbury, runs through, every ftrcet ; with this dif- 
ference, in the city of Sarum, it is choaked op by filth and garbage, 
in Turin it keeps the ftreets perfectly clean. 

* We have, fcen the royal family, not in a ceremonious manner, 
but as travellers. The King, who is in his fifty- fecond year, looks 
much older. He is thin ; his ltature is low ; and he appears lower 
by Hooping, nor carries any characterise, in his countenance, ex- 
cept oi age -He has had three wives. By his firit, he had no chil- 
dren ; by his fecond, he had the profent Duke of Savoy, and the 
three FrincciTes ; by hi* third, the Duke of Chablais. 

* The Duke of Savoy has two fons ; his eUcil is Prince of Pied- 
mont ; his fecond, who was born fome few days before our arrival, 
was immediately upon his birth, created I'uke of Montferat. 

4 The King in his younger days is kid to have been of a gay and 
fprightly difpefuion ; but foon after the death of his father ne con* 
tracUd a more ferious behaviour, which is now growing apace into 
the melancholy of devotion. His chief amufement is hunting, where 
he takes all the delightful fatigue, which fo -mighty an excrciio re-- 
quires. Hunting is a kind of falhionable royafdiverfion ; at leafi, 
innamerable Kings, fince Nimrod, have had that glorious incline* 
tion. Virgil feems to characlerife Afcanius for future heroic action* 
by faying, ' 

Optat aprum, out fulvum defttntttrt montt konm. 
One particular anecdote of the Sardinian monarch was related to me, 
as a certain truth. If the eagernefs of the chace happens accident- 
ally to lead him near Moiucallier, he turns his eyes nod horfe as 
fait as poflible from that cattle. His father died there, under fucri 
circumi'iances as muft affect a fon. The account is not unworthy .of 
your attention. 

* Victor Amadeus, father of the prefent King of Sardinia, bad 
made a conquerable figure in the annals of Europe, He had ap- 
peared a great foldier, and was known to be a great politician. la 
the decline of his life, the latter part of that character was not a 
little fullied. He involved himfelf in a difadvantageous treaty with 
France, and he degraded- his royalty by a marriage. The lady,. 
whom he chafe far his.yrife, in the fame private manner that tie 
"famous Maintenon had been chofen by Lewis XIV. was called -Ma- 
clacie d*; Sebailien. §he was the widow of an officer of that name. 
She had been maid of honour to the King's mother. She was at 
that time extremely hahdibmc, but always of an intriguing, ambi- 
tious temper. The King had paid his addreiTe* to her, not unfuc- 
' ccfsfulfy, in his youth. The vigilance of nis mother, and U* own 
' gooj, put a Hop to any fatal progrels in that «not& Bet 
'nVding him&lf abfolutely conllrained to fulfil his impolitic e ng a g e- 
' tiK-iitj with France, he determined) 'to refign nis crown to his fon ; 
- — who 

Omry'j Lrihrsftm ht4f. Sj 

••dcr la foch cngageaiertc. might openly repi : r tbe in- 
/vdicioGil*" »r had tifcen. On one and c he fame 

Uf» Ama- -tdop Microns, an«i married 

*)»ocn ie Kid not loot before created M 
a town ifi ItjJy iu t'uc ciutchy ui" V 

poWic ; bit m* 

tannic: >f love na*J beet 

td. The y.-ui- 
d been fully IaQtuAvn 
lecne or two of hit own. Ff- ,: i 
King '■ . :! the 

IikIi he owed hi' racier; wfco 
fooa crew i*patirot, awi wiry of retirement, ami 
to bei. (Krone. I lis ucn l u 

£twi« to ta£c U ommand in tli< 

•fa en !; repent-- • letf marriagr, but t • 

mreat. Charxberry, in i:i utmoft mi »i wU too i 

D, and had too much the air or" i prifon. to iJia 

aaii .lltiiatc :J : .. uch rcfUcft minds. Tlie King and the 

rjtUnt piv-:^ con-efforu'. tcntrj 

i Turin. A plot wai forced. The- 

c rcaJuac the reins of govcrn- 

n»«*t. Vlctfurri to th:a end were taken with all pofUbk iccrcfy. 

TWKiug compUirtc of :1c aii of 

CO Idi complaint* with' the drepr.t rlliaJ artichmeot. Amadei 

permitted to appro*** nraicr to :he capital. He came to R 

that kaati»g-ica: f *aich I mentioned ic my IjH, Tbc all of JtJ- 

li^recd wi:ri him. He *aa r ufered to come Kill nc-rrr, and 

#aa lodged, a: hii ovn rca,uc:t, in the caftle of Mc a noble 

■ mb a » • re the cmbe:i of 

unlijcr, boa kicdxc iaio a tfx-nr. The tire v/aj on the point of 

•jj out. when the heat of it bejjao to be felt by the young 

ind hi* tuinillcxi The* haj only tine 10 cui a» 

ht w« v*ur de* a pretence of virning, bctwiJi 

1 iffr iiieg the cilailL'l of* Tunn. In a mcmeni he be- 

cajne kUlbn'a pnfocer i* the tiille of Monica I tier. Hi* wife W4a 

f torn from nita. The;. ior«i H« was treated with 

jcfpciJ. but guarded wit* the clofcA ihktijefi. He often dc fired to 

proxnilc was not 
perforated. R'ge, grief, aid ' Pent endeii, in left than 

tOfOje.'. excel- 

ifoa wjth fch mtridian gtoiyi Hii 
■ ifeaer, i; [i oc JiACfffcc &om mc laeti i 
i'ae oulf bean tic title c: Marcbionefi di Spigno. She i* fO:npfl!rd 
fn refide in a m<-i H J rtime fr.e i» permitted to 

»»fir l ioci is rtie couotty ; hu: never without a licence 

|raatsed ia foim, aai fpacc by tbc Kin*, oor i> rtic fuffc/cd, o« 
anr account, u> go to Tarin. Cotaioly lae ii rout no longct dau- 
gcrotts, being reiy oJd, rery infirm, and enorrao^fly fat. 

* Afr. y eonftraloed the pr ■ to *3 as 

ardLj; bu: deip hu M.i the^ivtpr^0D« «tiieJk ti. fStHer'i ca- 

G a Viv 


Orrery'i Lrtttrt frtm Itsfj. 

(aJtrCfhe hai left on hit mind. Perhaps the late K!nf c 

promt fr of rellorine the crown. Policy a"** 1 
■r nycrty f<*>n put a Hop to the dtfigai, Ti" any, of anfwering thai 

i.ifc- The adhenccta :o the ion mdfl have been facrifced to 
adherent* of the father. Perhaps chcrc arc chan - -town, 

which you and 1 have no Idea, That fir it undeniable, few prim 
have ever reined it without regret. The Emperor Charlea V. 
* anted a lire in bis hoafis nt frugal the ntfht afcer he had jpren 
np hi* pcfleiDc fon. Power OOOC loll ii fcUom renamed. 

aud alwayi re deli red. 

• TV King ©fSarrfinla is an ceeonomift. H> b frived in the morl 
royal, and molt frugal mmncr. If the orhcen ©t iUte had act ao 
Income ariling from ehcti r MtrllDOBy, (heir faUnes would not afford 
them food or raiment. 

' T! ■ i at Turin ii at prefcnt on the decline- Tliofc of 

Caen and Anger* have the preference- The complement of Sar.l - 
mm hoifcii was broken in *ipon by the ncteititief of the late war. It 
kat not bceo completed lincc. 

1 No clock work ever moved wi:K gnmci cxaclncfs than thji 
court. Every minute fulfill irs deflitiy, and turns round iti owa 
axis with the royal inhabitants of Turin. Already we ht>r beheld, 
over and over again, the feme royal feeoe*; tho lam . and 

the f*nie prtncclTei, in the uaic coaches, takic£ the air, M the Quae 
hour, to :hc fume place. They fecm all mauled to timt 9 and Y ore- 
fume thjt it ii a kind of idi Uery to vary fcalf a dozen m:au:ei from 
Ihr i • 

• The tluce prince/Tci arc graceful and The cldefl ft 
Wtiy hand font -ere born, I fear, undei Virgo. TLc whole 
royal family live is union and happinefs among theinfclvri. 
Kino it an excellent father. The Duke ofSavoy, a ifitinkaWe 
i fuf fon. They are parti col; rJi Civil to the En^l ». i: -s an exact 
and • grace fa 1 court. 

• J mentioned to you the ncatrtcA of the palace. 1 ttould liat 
confined myfclf to tne invade, mo:: part of tl .'.it* 
being old and unnnifiird. The royal irtutmeati ;t Turin contort 
Of a great ttu inter cf faiall tc >.n», many of them indeod oqly clol 
but So dclxcawiV fitted up. fo elegantly furniAit ■ properly 
•dorm J. that, in pafliag from room i -p^earsa 
fairy cafile, Atnlafl tl guiftlc dec 

Mte roy, not oneChinrfe dragon, nor La< mi bl if ii to h* fti*. 
I mention this, betaui fe many of our ti.: uglaad u--e dis- 

graced by the finul , with which ;hey tie crowded. 

'A! . -ov ii in the Pit Let is filled wi rei, Noce 

iidifrerent; moil of them by rne bed Fiejnllh atat'tr . 
COlIofilon, rvcrpt 3 rtr imber, Ldojped to i' 

iod were bought, Jtc*> by; Uinj oJ Sardinia. 

' The floors of the KJH** apartment id, and Co 

;, that yoa ticw yourftlZ ni you u l.c cJutpef, 

which nymt (nt i the grear ■ not aaftveriblc to 

part of ! It ti clean, 

pillari tr. : muble. The hunpa tad :cp<r» ei 

" u arid 

Ormy'i -Lttuvsftm £ t J 

1B<4 left caearfalorfi. A: the fi.-ft entrance it appear* filer x melm- 
ctoiy caaufoteuo. An Kiijlilhrnan, in the height of im devotion, 
would be tea peed to cut fc.ii throat in it. Bat if ifcc<huich>e* .re 
4ki V,. ibe Jticcts air lighted by iLc laws of the kingdom. It. cry 
coach axe a r oi.IigrJ to apj 

A fevrre penalty attends the breach ot tin. edict, auJ pestem oj 
rule arc la exact in obfervinR i: t that i have lecn lai'.ca walking 
a/ter torcho by da) Vuriiwfc area people, *-ho «&£ 

£raod<«i in cteiy rtfpcct. general they air, rtgi &d txtrxpinn* 
great <axor«otaitl5. One piece of irate is rery nnjjiil if ; notwithitan«d- 
tng the bt-i pavement or the ilreets, and the exoeffire breadth of the 
ken d«Ii. the oobitity coolUntJy walk before their chaj.- ; W cm 
Oftfy be driven into ihofe leathern for:reiTci t) \ liege cH~ 

raiti, btfl, inj fiiOW. Small attacks ilicy withfuiid bulJly, and 
serve a whole wiat<V« campaign in bo: .^ :he door of 

their frdao. which reaasin:; more facrei than tz? Jj.-.Jvm /taifcna*, 
and it impervious to th* bijfh prit&. 

* The lib one fide of a very larre iqtare, round, throe 

parts c<* -\l ;ich ii a p: 1220a mi&rably pateit, Dut.ani|i[ | 
wop theoki town rebuilt, Turin might appear, perhaps, 

the »oii eiegaat <:ty io Europe.' 

While Lord Orrery remain? J at Florence confined by the 
gtfmt, be began to coar.pofe an epitome of the Florentine hif- 
lorr* which, wc arcjjiven to uncJcrltand, by the Editor, remain* 
fti'll uisfir.tfncd, in msnufcrfpe. Of this nMtorj Ire ^itci (brnr 
; anecdote* in hit Letter*, little to the cr^di; of human 
nature in general, or of Italian manner* In parti Ctrl ir. The 
ifteh l<-;tcr contains a review of the Florentine biftoriant, and 
iottu4cs a very feverc chasa£tcV of Muchi. 

At - hen lottcriet, and gaming, in all iu varieties, 

crc, ao accoui aiian lut:c;y 

may contribute to the amufement of our Readers : 

.rage is oy no meant at prefcnt the charatlcrinie of the 
>. Thcii libctu fu little tried of late year*, 

their behaviour in battle is unknown. Superilitioo. tuned into 
thafiafn. will make cowards brave. The I tie fbpa 

rio«f, swt cr.iinilialii. Tbty tremble at tiuuder ; they hear groan* 
in ch«rcb->anJ»: they fee hoefcs without head*. J hcv attribute 
ercr d jttiJeat to the devil. They ire yinthed by evil fpi» 

Deccsird fiitt* an .uneiiroet 

r angry, foanttisBfl "" * placid, difpoution. oW«M and 
«gan, ChriJKaa prieRi ha\*« continued But oothiag, not 
a*»«a rvKfarali, kr<[»5 up the ««in of fuperflkion in Florence to ef - 
frtlotliy, ■» a ccrtaia lottery, tn&ituccd • ■Mncat for £aia 

to th< priflee, and nia to the people I will endctyovf t» explain 
it to 

' TUre a_-» ainety •nraben. Yc-o t»;ri» cm a blank ticket, airy 
ive aumbrra ynu pleafc, coouincil withifl the a.ioety. Few pur- 
cbaam go brjond the renowned luck) number, tbfcc< riirl^eft 
peiae it a Mam (fijt r*nce) a litlrct. Vow may gi> as mueh higher 

G 3 •* 

86 Orrery'* Lttttrsfrm Italy. 

as you pleafe. Yon will be paid according to (he price at which 
you pnrchafe. Let as fuppofe yoa purehafe £ve numbers for a pmk. 
Jf one only of your five numbers be drawn a prize, It is of no cofjfe- 
quence j for it sinks into the other four, if blanks; as a drop of wa- 
ter is loft in the Tea. If two are drawn prizes, you are entitled to 
twenty paths ; if three, yoa are to receive four and twenty crowns ; 
if four, twenty-five xetbrtnr, A ztcbu* is fomething refs than tea, 
Hulling*. If all your five numbers are prizes, yon are entitled to' 
■n hondred xitbeens. I have already faid, that if you had bought at 
an higher price, vonr payment would be proportionaWy eqnivafeiit 
to the fum you paid in. 

1 Thefe lotteries (there are two. one at Leghorn, the other at 
Florence) 1 ire drawn once a month, at different rimes; fo that do 
ftrncHon conies round once in a fortnight. 

* No inftance has been, or probably ever will be- known, of five 
numbers anting prizes to the fame perfon. 

*' Every poor wretch, who. can command two or three p ml *, 
drowns them moft eagerly in this ocean of impofition. The mi- 
ferable experience of ill iuccefs has no effect on the mind* of the 
vulgar. They, pawn their cloaths to procure money for ticked. 
One of the officers of the revenue received a large fum of money .be- 
longing to the Great-Duke. He put it privately into the lottery, 
loft it, and was hanged. After his death feveral hundred tickets 
were found in his bureau. 

* The fuperftitious part of the impofition is thie : The purcbafeni 
of tickets, in order to be fuccefssnl, rauit fall, during fix and thirty 
hours;, mull repeat a certain number of A-vt Marias, &c. mull not 
fpeak to any living creature during the whole time ; muft .not go so 
bed;' muft continue in prayer to the Virgin and to the faints, ttU 
fome propitious faint or prophet not only appears, but declares the 
feveral numbers dertined for fuccefs. The watchers tired oat by ex- 

Eiftatiou, falling, and prayer, fall aileep, fee the ftfnt, treat iM 
rget the numbers, acknowledge their fbrgetfulnefs, owrt the goc4- 
"n el 5 of the holy vifion, and remain thoroughly convinces^, that the 
oracle mull be infallible. Again they buy tickets, agai* fall aftecp, 
■gain fee prophets, and .at laft are mined. 

€ Two months ago a maid-fervant purchafed five numbers. Three 
came up prizes. She was. paid twenty-four crowns. She declared, 
that the prophet Jeremiah,- in the drefs of a Capuchin, had named' 
to her the numbers. Jeremiah is at prefent the taint in vogue. The 
lottery fills more and more, in honour and confidence of that foa of 
Hilkiah, who had Jeff influence, living, in the land qf Anatboth, 
than he has, dead.- in the land of Tufcany. • * 

• We heretics fufpee), that the real prophet was the farmer of this 
branch of the ; public ..revenue, who, finding his lottery decreafiatg, 
difcovered, at the expenee of four and twenty owns, an effectual again to its former banefal influence* . 

• I hare been particularly defirous to fet before yoa an otfaft de- 
tail of thefc monthly lotteries, as they are glaring examples of the 
method made ofe of, to carry on and fupport the' present, govern- 
ment o* Florence. They are let dut to farmers, as are ajU.'Use otbar 
Branches of the Grand-Duke's revenue. 

,a ** 

Orrery"; Lrt/ft frm 2ii! } . <#J 

* It it True, ftOM cf the nobility art prtiumcd to LaMf 
f+*tt, ud **;**<*>, rn f© Jow a anfirncf. Perhaps they ^o rot. Kt 

tradesmen dot and Icr 

fleeces of tbt ie Jo»et people, uil! be felt, luoucr OB i- 

1*7 the kigber. 

* A gc^errirnent, fublifting by artjf.ce. and by oppre3i»* fchenxi, 
i» a tyring/ i rfl inn.' Yet, bad as i I ii, ra*e !>*IoN»iin«i 
cU/c sot < V.'irjc the will of the I ia« 

topic are inrfctfjul. Whitnrr e.v 
• >df? acainll Lit owe c_c 
White- Kcyllcr anJ former write rfl turnilh particular details of 
tb= amnjuuir?, iithitc&tfcc, ami painting* in Italy, iuch intciii- 
frtKe -* trie above coropo(c» by much the mod -rrt 

U" bur accounts i^f travels ; a:i<3 of ] :icry appear a» 

by bn correfpo I > have been [ fible. 

Toe*- .rt»clc with many cxcra&n would be to the pro 

•ks, which aretobe comprehended :i» our (mail 

*2 *** *■***• : ;,,,1 y *M ih»-. j li tbc 

N of the ;.:. .1 s [ ';;dihip, moir than 

eft a warm picrerencc to Britain, ia one place he fay*, 

if they were truly l 
coc.'d U any decree convince rhetcfclTCt, of their own 

*rc ihtJiMflrti Ktmrm. Let them travel abroad, not 10 fee 
o», bur rcrcot jo 

, '.Mil [ana and p© : . 
iiomc perfec*U. .^Tand U 

TrfirJ of naorr I r, and happtnrf.. than ail)' 

tiw o«4rr bravea. W .ih ihdr a,]. ,h 1>- oar on* 

u. to MoaUlOfl .ifid i 
There is one p«fugc h:>wevcr notcifil ;ble with tlttt 

i Cation, in. the tenth Irtt.-r, (peaking or' Or, C m W, then 
Horatio Mann, the Fi'iciCa -, I the coort 

. . and who '> id been in England Lord 

— ' Tbc Doelor is much 1 
diced m of the Etigfrifh, rAeago he rei: ; 

wr why hii residence among u* Ihct, 
tin rc» ■ cr, whei :al P.jppo- 

I reftdence hrre n either ?: •■!.,.. co, of proceeded 
prejudice lint t lis peihapi, was mcrt-l 
n not intendd 10 convey any fevertiy of meaning ; 
far from pro/effing a a 
HBplaiui r.l being arTe^ed the maiodi/ An 

wratber i«t Ittlf. Lord Ot- rag in 

May, foppnie- te4d| 

uaeiner lit Italian iprinj; poJuces that delieheful *c- 

crpeablc to tbc eye. and i? ornam: JriciOi iilacJs • "' ' H-j, 

ao, n produces no fucb g .iy 

tbe i> i) £riead, wUjc you are. Be aflured, you poffe 

G a \% 


88 Chapman on Education* 

in a degree fuperior to molt, I believe to all other* European na- 
tions. The temperature of (he fpring is aa various faere ( at ia -E»^ 
land; now warm, now cold; now calm, now ftprmy: thcxijn*.hfflS 
are remarkably heavier. Since I have been accaflomcd tp theipt- 
lian raina, I think the clouds only drop in England, They tnelr in 
inftantaneods cafcades in Italy. V/iro' you, tKey only produce 
ihowcra ; with us, they pour down cataracts. In truth, the 'differ- 
ence it amazing.' • < * 

Thefe Letters are all addrefled to William Duncdmb*, 8% 
father* as we fuppofe, to the Editor : fee Review, Jarniirylaff, 

p. 26, : tbrntit. * ' *■ 

l j — u . : ; , W— t 

Air. U. A TretUifi om Education, Witk a Skitcb of tht Author! J -|f«- 

tM, By George Chapman, A. M. Mifter of the Grammar? 
School of Dumfries, izmo. 30. Cadell. 1773* 

THOUGH much has been written on the fubject of edu- 
cation, and many excellent things have been faid uporv 
it, yet it is far from being exhausted ; many important and ufeful 
hints may ft" ill be thrown out, new plans may be fuggefted, 
and the general method of conducting education may be greatly 

- The Author of the Treatife before us has been engaged, 'for 
many 'years', with honour to himfelf, and advantage to the) 
public, in the important tafk of educating youth ; and if pcrfpna 
of a lih e ral education, and long experience, would follow hit 
example, in publishing the principles they adopt, and the me- 
thod they purfue, very confutable advantages to focietj might 
undoubtedly be derived from it. The different fyftems, and 
the peculiar methods of different teachers, as Mr. Chapman 
ebferves, would be compared ; the errors in each would be un- 
covered ; and the moft proper plan would, at length, be iticror 
duced into our fchools. r ' : ' ' " * 

He divides his Treatife into two parts j in the firfrj 'aftcr'ILme 
general, but very judicious reflections, he proceeds'; to point 
out the errors which are frequently committed in training ctiit- 
dren, ftates the advantages and difadvantages of public edu r 
cation* &c. and propofes a plan for educating thofe who arg 
born in the lower flations of life — a fubject of ex tea five ufcfjjJm 
nefs, though little attended to by former writers. .1 ;-* iov 

In the fecond part he- gives directions for the cducatnaojarft 
children in general ; {hews what care is neceJFary to- V* fiAek- 
of their bodies, and in what manner their minds ought'VdW 
cultivated. And here he avoids, as he does indeed through tile* 
whole of his performance, all chimerical notions and refine- 
ments, confining himfelf to what is plain and ufeful, and ftur. 
dying tp bring into a fmall compafs whatever he thinks worthj* 
of the public attention, whether obferved by. himfelf, or del j-, 
yered by others. — Such parents as have not leifure, or Opftifo 


Tw9 Lttteriy addrtfftd U tb* Right R*v, Pr/hut t &t. 89 

banitj to confolt the many volume* which ha\c bcca written 
Ofon education, will rind hH Trri if- p« 

their attentive 

h the whole r,f ir ; am! the jreat 
:pirirt£ youth . ovc oi vi 

*;;;,' a c 1 1 - -'il'pofcl r;adcr j 
_>te cpinron of the Author. 
lie ha> fulyjiard to Ml I tortile a minute detail cfhhcwit 
method gf teaching, whirh appear* t>> tu to be a judicium one, 
and wet) calculate! Tor the irnprrr. youth, oocoalraa 

ifc« frver*! hnr. atunr, but (what rs of in:. 

ortance) »n virtu* ami :.-t. There are few 

(«chr« Of youth» vre will vrnturr to 'fay, of k. 

ace, to whom an a on ta Mr. Chap.-run'j pv 
o; be of con: . ft 


Ail. Ht. T. .1 Litlrrj, *aa'f<JiS 10 tl* Xfyk At*- Prtisiti 9 nvb$ * 

Rn;jp*if,i' twit. 9ti>. ; i. Johifoo. ) 
\H E S E I l be- read with ptatfiin by every 


itittcn upon 

r. we »«d only give our Rcaieri j ipecimeaof the 
a manner* si . , wili be 

tor: •" 1 ; I contain many riobjc, rnanl), 

liberal higheft importance, 

tbey are exprc3<:iJ ivith j ., force, and energy. 

Author coii'~n!crs tl ■> • that have txco 

.2 extcnGon ol ci thM the im- 
.■. merit* of the cuulr, and be enabled 

:•"■ * mi ;i 1 upon which the 

INIIciUCts* Bill v. uccu mitten upon 

fiuSciem to ind'irr many 01 tt-rm, 1 » penile the Wl 

peirotrnaoce '. 

! bc&oM your late opfoCci.o (fayj o«r Author 
to t.c weak >igeoe-. 

1 >>t your U'L. 
;-j5 reii honour withoct inr real 
a nairOA contracted idea 
anal boir-ui eatcre. If it was the eflbcl of bigotry an 

, *% Ir^iflaror*, in »ving actuated bv lacn 
.r-. It »i **-i» Btviag to rr!m:ioem that \ou punnr.rd the ftni 
.7 fatten yp«*p the children* it waa alierly u a worthy cf" she 
i4. If you ;hou;;ht CO ACCarapiith Oliifuiiuiu «.il 
fii:a, ■ You aa<e r*kcn one important 

[HjOuKOB ;, hive expeted 

rfilvc* to in* miierx^K- re cf being hated cr dctptfed* 

r.c tic !awj, yon .-.ill bran^ upon jourfclvti c 
if jcu Jc: tlictn 6ccpv you pnxUio their improprie*. 
mean to promote an uaiverfal cijiiformrty B 
Ebe, yfta *bS aot crly liop :be mout^t of all the confubfctibia^. 

$0 Two Letters, eddrejfed U the Right Rev. Prelates, 

DiiTenwrv bat you mutt lay a restraint upon the prefs ; yon mu$ 
prohibit the intercourses of convertation, eojUay an embargo upon 
theexerciftj of men's rational faculties. What an arduous taik have 
you undertaken.'. Yet all this might have been avoided, without rifled 
iag one, fiagle advantage, had you pofleflcd generofity enough to 
have complied with the Diflenters* requofx. When I confider your 
critical and diftrefled Gtuation ; in pofTeflion of ao obnoxious power 
which ypo dare neither exert orrelipquifti, attacked by the enthufiaft 
and th&irteth inker, importuned by your own difiarisfied members, 
and perplexed by the difcontents of the laity ;. if you have any re- 
gard for Religion and the interests of your country, my Lords, I pity 
yon ; if you an attentive only to your own cafe, ambition, and f«- 
cnritjTi my pity gives way to indignation and contempt. 

* I beg your Lordfhips' candid fentiments, refpc&ing the future 
conduct of the Diflenters. How (hall they a£t, fo as not to offend 
the Hate or their own confeiences ? How (hall they preferve both the 
deference which is due to pur Lordfhips* dedfion, and that which" 
they owe to their Mailer xn heaven ? .if they defift, they give up 
thcir.claim ; if they perfevere, and you continue to refufe, they will 
be the innocent cautes of your faftaining additional dishonour. , 

,f You have put a negative upon the lawful exercife of our reft* 
gion ; but yon cannot make the world believe that religion itfejf de- 

fends upon, or is connected with, the will of the magitlrate. Von 
ave limited the freedom of the gofpel ; but you have not deftroyed 
Christianity. Do you expect we fhould comply with your reqoitt- 
tions, or refiga our profemons ? Cruel dilemma ! But fuppoung'ws) 
were extirpated, other Diflenters would rife up ; rational creature* 
will always remain to aflert the rights of judgment and conference j 
and iltall they worlhip no God, and believe no creed but yours t 
The nature of things is not altered by your determination ; ana ngpt 
and wrong are not to be decided by vote. Edicts and profenpupn's 
were iflued out againft the gofpel, and yet it continues the farne 
yeflerday, to-day, and for ever. Laws have been framed a£»in& 
phtlofophy and fcience, and liberty and virtue, but they have nek 
loft their reputation in the world. You may institute what opinions 
and articles you pleafe, and enforce them by the heavieft penalties' j 
but if they cannot ftand the tell of reafon, they will fall only t)q» 
iboner for your attempts to fupport them. ,..,". 

■ Truth, immortal truth, keeps on her fteady and glorious career, 
and advances to that perfection, which, in fpite of your impotent 
efforts,. Jhe will one day attain. We mould b; unworthy of ,thfc 
name we prorefs, if we were awed into filence by the threats of pu- 
nimment, which, be it ever fo great, the approbation of heaven 
and .the teflimony of a good conscience will abundantly cosnpenfajc. 
if yon tOe by what authority we propagate our doctrines f I an. 
iwer, by the fame which was pleaded by the firft Chriftians, by ijse 
reformers, and which operates upon every honcft man ; to refift itn- 
pofture, however ancient and venerable, and to defend truth, bow* 
erer fbrlakeo and unpopular* 

* Yoa may take all the advantages you pleafe of your majority, 
your public fafhion, and your power in parliament ; you may avail 
.fourfclves of the prejudices excited again ft us* and propagated fr$in 


. , . ' ■ 



anttqoity • n« 

t* and bonetl 

gcoel c 
mproT«mcnts yo» have made upon the ©rl»t- 
t j.c conn lit i -denied * 

and bote: only tor it» fetwrr re-. m may it prelenr 1:1 iv dlC- 

aluOMta I ; *e appeal to T:-ft wr ■*>• at Cake, 

and to ocr part coeeiuOt, :n conrutiuoa of tin* ndiculaut cKat^c. 
zy brand *) «j dcith, became wr difpotc yoor aueh<>. 
U If » be deprived ol the u'lrwn >n ' 

:<arfoh!/ tfiii n"rr:!nliiti'- all ir nnr ^m <W | 

to the frcti rate, be the mnr< of bid fubK^*. *** defcrvc 

Aat appellation. If to difttngmlh botwix: Cmiftinniky tod its eor- 

rapciena. to picach «t<i live uadcr the warrant of fenpterr, and to 

axadcaxe fctnd morals, on the profped of ilittc iwmortalhi which 

ight by tie gofpel, be a fipti of deifin, we have no 

>o to th* name of deilli. 

rhc frequent ufe cf ihefe invidiam afperfioa* will take Oat 

their (U»e* The world ii not fo ready at it h»\ heen r-> follow tbc 

<ty of i few designing men ; the growih ot' here!}* and the danger 

r"-adt«r foil nd ; thr nwft luveftn (bat 
Mob art at UH fband to be piide, jrno.tioti, tW 
Uiof jjaao, and the tpitii of pctfecoti. 

* A audit your terdcr forio*: and anxioui foticltadc for the Aim 
flf wntOmrch, fpare (o^ 

irfaw, which, ia thit age, iU ferret ye*r ©nrnrmlrririrm, 

»ad bleeding before yon, white the Lcvitc only loo-fci upon ic, 
ted the peieli paafea by ox the <xnc- I 

* Kcmcciber you bad c-i.« an i than 
fOtrona to contend with. Tbi fcitcn, whet: yrui »err* g!id 
w • % 5*8*> ' ik * ,u ' wi,r »he weapon* of reafo* bi mt B to 
caenwetd vt-cr cmuCe 10 heaven, and to appeal to the Oible ft« yoar 

i. a^aiftA a religion armed with all the l\o;#der 0* the 

' Ctn&der. if the pVa we urye has no weight in it, >o» woafd 
iftfi haie tud the poorer 10 r»ake penal lawi, or to keep tkern in 
perperaal tenor. Yoa K-erc once bt i-il 1. we, Yoai t» 

•:->tir xeal for p«%nt* Chdftiloit* at tr.c llakc. Well 
pared, it ;hcr ucic on);- the meani of erediatf 
(amber fptritwal J *litli triey over- 

had rccoflj compreboii'iinij all their 

. and 
■ *ni! j;t> . thc> 

'.). nd dangers larfc 
rrrejtJt, and ihry may fv-r:ii n. htto i knftw n«t what fifal errori. 
;!J thm-; I d yoor> ivere the fame? Upoo 

«/aaK d> ft/eat grouadt its the religion of this couaury been de- 
fended > 

!ar )«urfclica agasnQ any future conviction by a tjtUrioua 
refolnuon oever to fcelierc any thing againft law, is foroethinj; lm 
e_uUr ; tot to pretCLd to hold all the Pro te flams in thai kingdom 
in the fame caaic, to forbid rhc li^ht of tmth to franc, bctaonV 

g 2 7u» Letters* addrcjfid to the Right Rev. Prelates, ftrV. 

yon will not fee it yottrfelves, ii the snotr. cstnardioary eatrtka of 
folly that can be conceived* ■:•...;,. s.i) rnoVt 

- V How much better would yoa bave confulted r*pa*arion,.£>fc<afr 
lowing a liberty yoa cannot take away 1 how .much. ntore^dorajUgr 
would yoa have fixed your throne by an aft of well, tuned ^generce 
fity! with how much better. a grace could you have itroabfid|w1u 
your own difaffiscled brethren, and removed every caufe of ftparW- 
tion and dil coo tent ! ...-- — 

* Yoa might have Silled our complaints, and put it ontj of- oar 
power to make any freik demands ; as the Difleaiers mulupljqiiUn- 
der oppreflion, they have diminished by indalgtncc, and you -would 
have icesK them melt away under the beams of your mercy,, while 
your -intolerance only ftrcngthens and unites them. 
. ■ At this time of day, my Lords, when a fpirit of diffipation ranges 
tli rough all claflea of men, when corruption is .openly avowed P .wben 
public fpirit and private virtue are daily loiing ground 1 to what OtaU 
we have recourfe for our reformation but the influence of religion f 
But, when the maxims ofChriOianity and the Church are at variances 
when fubferiptiqn to unintelligible doctrines is the term of admit- 
Jion to -our feminarie* of inflruction ; when the £rft flcp to holy, or- 
ders is a refinement upon the common rules of honefty ; when mt 
degree of faith and zeal for it is only in proportion to the pfefilut 
advantages it procures ; when the Chriftian religion itfelf is-not ls>- 
gally tolerated, but under certain limitations inconfifteat xvitkita 'fs> 
nius and fpirit; what can be expected bnt a genera) incrcafe,af]s> 
.perlliuon and infidelity r Is it to be wondered at that your p4»oat,ojf 
worfhip mould be deferred, your miniftcrs difefteemed, and yc*]r in- 
fluence over public manners at an end ? Will it not be imanneo*, 
that fuperior fanctity and piety are a mere pretence; .and .uuf 
power, interefi, and ambition, are the foundation of your e^'tracc- 
dioary zeal and unanimity > When thefe fufpjctons arc enrerta&w, 
it will not be fuflicient that you have the fan ft ion of the law atotf*tfcfc 
protection of the magiilrate. The appearance of honour and MttHL 
and the veneration of the public, arc the moft laAtng Jttcnripes of 
any constitution ; and when thefe are gone, your immunities) «b| 
neither be held in peace, nor enjoyed with comfort.' • ; 1. 1 -.wr.n 
. This is free language, undoubtedly, but it is the language ^jf 
jnanly freedom : it isfevere too; but what language can be too 
feverc. for thofe who have no tendernefs for the unalienable 
rights of human natures and who, though they tjifclaioi Dev- 
ice u tion in words, avow it in their actions ? 'laKQ 

We would willingly put the moft favourable, coDftru^jga 
upon the conduct of thofe who differ in opinion from us;,£tyfc 
with the utmoft ftretcb of candour and charity, we c^nofjpQ^- 
fibly account for the conduct of our BiGiops in regard -to, tfse 
Diflenters! Bill 9 on any principle* that are confifteut with their 
having a fupreme, fteady, and unalterable regard. to the ho- 
nour of Chriftianity, and to the facred rights of contcience : an4 
private/judgment. ■ m 1 , 


Jn the Appendix to hit Lttltrj, our Author gire* an rxtraeS 
from the writing! cf BifHop Hoadly, on the fobje« of rel. 
ly, to^cth^r with 1 Ictrcr on the miimenanrc of (lir 

-r, of the 3d of June, 1771. 

me ten by 
C wAs fi:fl 

tio- 1 with The:; OfthOgrapty, Hty. 

: life in V ■ >u: likcwil 

M.iiiKi pcrlec'iiy i.mple *nd principally 
pnefyfd, a rh< ' 'anmar, in mi.. 

Skjawsatvof SpereU 10 gefWr&J, and tbetfB ol the Kpglifli Tongia 
1 1 a)/ fed ; tit Rudiments bon, 

I, and Profod) slaved, b 

Kcnrkk LL.D. 410. 1 1. Is, bound. Ri.i=£*.'..n '■:?}- 

p^JL rvtmiclt b^ picfiaoJ to ibis an account of 

JL/ fcu dedgn, h iv in the piq tbor * 

bi*s, upon the whole, fueh -> ibc purchafcf gf hi* Di&aMMijr 
wi'iilnd to be it uc. Wc Cull t!.. 

ofcxtra& ta with thcioilow* 

iftfjwft, tbcugh perh»[* Irveie obfe.'rsiid 

been remarked as a phenomenon in (he KttM] 
, while our learned fellow fubjeda of Scotland and 
*ing frequent attempt* to AfcCrtaJO, and 

;:, the na- 

atafclvaa teem to be liftls anxious eiihcr 

. saosKMiitx ifTkp(uvcii»ciit of their own . fui futh 

thusmlii I ttabUfltfncntOJ x rational criier:on of Kng- 

iboapy, mull cctUinly be conlWercd, h is wdced mure 

ntrt ami pfwloctall to fee the ufc and Meal- 

liaeh criterion. The nitwo of a country* and p* t - 

rpe-tiopolii, n ?et with n one of iiWtdiJEctiUies 

owir to other?. Cufrom renders rvcrr thm^ til 

or da ebry pereeire any of t h d ap~ 

i ■*-- tfrat itnke the ear c*f fucb M »=* *cc«f- 

\t tire fiODC tunc. , (bat 

>Ie of :n.: diffioi. lues and defevtfs, 
. titltctl to obviate thco.. Theec fcen 
ablxrVny in ihe 01. tenfion* of a rmue of Abor- 
pperary, to tcich ihe n«iivea o^ J*onuon to fpe: 

ive been, ncvertrielefs tnc rnodeft ,-ec*r<ifu 

Scots 2\>4 Irifli, CO cflal'hils a 111 1 pn» 

aunciation. ^ rtictlJ not bare fu ;ctcded is nowm- 


94 Kentick'j ntw Diftumry of the EngUfi Language* 

iet. Men .cannot teach others what they do nftt thomfc|ve* 
know : nay, had thefe enterprising gcniuilca been, .qualified i« 
point of knowledge, tbey form to have been gejie^y .deficient 
in that of ingenuity ; the methods moft of thcm.have.)iit upoiy 
being but ilfcalculated to aofwer the cod propofitd. - The ex- 
pedient moft generally adopted, hath been that or^endcavouricur 
to exprefs the founds of fyllables, by varying their orthography,, 
or fpelling them in a different manner. On this plan we have 
vocabularies, containing all the words in our language, fo -hor- 
ribly meramorphofed as to be equally unintelligible both to the 
eye and ear.' 

Dr. Kenrick gives feveral inltances of this kind, and pro- * 
ceeds : 

* The celebrated Mr. Sheridan has avoided falling in this - 
erroneous practice, and very judicioufly propofes to diftinguUh - 
the found of words by certain typographical marks to be placed - 
over particular fyllables. It is indeed probable that, if this 
gentleman had carried his plan into execution, he would have 
fuperfeded the prefent work | as, whatever defects appcarpd 40 
me in his defign, it is poffible he might have himfelf corrector 
them in its profecution ; and it is natural lo imagine that a Win- 
ter who applies himfelf folely to a particular ftudy, will -make ' 
a greater progrefs than one who, amidft a variety of svocatiops% 
can make it only a partial object of his attention, it waa indeed 1 
with a view rather of ferving a * certain teacher hi the way of 
his profeffion, than from any expectation of credit to toyfelf that 
I engaged in this work ; the original proprietor of which, the 
late Mr. Jacob Tonfon, being fince dead, I have been induced, 
in juftice to his aJBgns, to publifh in my own name, what waa 
projected chiefly for the emolument of another. The tfefigo, 
however, I am by no means aihamed of, and, though its axe* 
cution fhould be thought, by the learned, to fall {hart of the . 
point of exactitude to which it might be carried, I flatter my- 
felf it will be found of general utility, lefpecting. the practical 
purpofes it was intended to anfwer.* 

The Author then gives directions for confuting the Die* 
tionary. We need not fpecify each particular ; but we may Idcts* 
the peculiarity of this book, and enable the Reader to judge of 
its utility, by giving the table of Englifh founds, or vowels, 
ex pre Jed in different fyllables, by various letters. 

N° 1. Example, Cur, fir, her, monk, blood, earth, &cv 

2. ■ Town, noun, how, bough. 

3. ■ Bull, wool, wolf, puftu 

4. — — Pool, groupe, troop. 

• Mr. Rice. , 

Kcnrick'i mtw DtiUffKOj if tbt Errjijh L**i*9gt. 93 

N* 5. Exaanp hawl, cnul, f«»it, eft, George doth. 





- Nca, cube, duty, bc*U) . 

t, what, fcone, I'wan, war, . 

- Ni>, bt roo*n>i 1: 

- Hard, part, c^rvc, laugh, heart* 

- Buy, lb *h, fi I, olc. 

;, iwruc, lirjil, hrra;l. 

- Meet, meat, deceit. 

Jifli t guilt. 
Why, nigh, I, buy,; hlTtj fto. 

Id to the ikcJ wi:h a typhcr 

[O) at praclil'cd in ti"C ODllo :.:c of the | 

ck» « tod /cv , the la<l f»- liable* of >voic-i ciuJing »u**, //, and 
r*| as, a for<4r* h ;>/ -.roW, &c. alfo h the fylixble frequently 

: three ij liable*, as, rtvrv, a***?, 
?**anrt. kc. wf\ico air in i/erfitkJtion foroctimc* formally 
flftttCfnd m writing, hy the roaik of clition, 

• Under 00c vt other of the munlcia coaipoGng the above 
aMe, arc cwnpfeheri «ied all the fpecica of UHVmlt articulate 
stand* contained in the Englilh language. Not thai (hey differ 
■laa g t t ber equal | only in tint. 

Torre arc no more than eleven diftincl vocal founds of ditferen: 
c««rit>ci ir 1 ecu of the number; fpecihed in the table 

xofclled by the Jong 01 fhott modes of uttering cui tire 
Ol thfi the Doclor gite: cxjipj lc; ; and a table of the mode 
■Iition of ronfonantv 

e uic o' the ublei will be illustrated, in feme rorafure, 
follows n/, example. We will fuppofc the ttuc pronun- 
ciation were icquircd of the word Ftfxintiitm. 

ut the word Fa/tinosi^n in the Dictionary, we 
with itt two accents, the acute and the 
on the firft fyllablc, and the second on the 
rtn«* , isia'tiok;) froen wnicb ic appears that the* 

fcdfy 1 <: fturplr and quickly accented, or forcibly 

itonocineev! 1 anil the third to be ind ilowif accented. 

rho«*e»rd is next printed as it i*; Hv ded :n<o rylllbloe accord- 
rontrnciation, with figures placed over each sV- 
to deterrrint its exact found* as the figures correfpord 

thofcof the above table of found*: (ImsFas ci-sca-Tiok. 
' Now, by referring to the tabic, wc find that the fcveral 
fyUablcs aic to hcpro.iuunccd lik< 

the numbers 11, 15, 12, l ; by which the quality dJ d, 

oc the power ol ail ;h: vQwets, U exactly determined.' 

96 Noorthoucl'j tllftory of Litubm 

He then fhews the uft of the table of confonants in the Word 
Oppofiti$* ; and fays c The fpeafcer "therefore, who, observing 
tbefe rules, Jliould, to a due.obfervation of the true" (0W4 of 
the fyllables, add "the true force of the different accents,' would 
necetTarily pronounce all Engli/h words with proppetV.^— * 

c With refpecVto etyaiology, explanation of words, and il- 
luftration of idiom and pbrafeology, the Reader wilt find 
I have generally followed the celebrated Dictionary of the learned 
Dr. Jobnfon. As the prcfent 'performance is chiefly ca|c -j! a:cl 
to correct and afcertain the orthoepy of our tongue, I thought 
it might be of fome advantage to its Readers to majtc it, at 
the fame time, a copiout index to a work of very general Ac- 
ceptation, in which the literal authorities, collected frompur 
bell writers may be confuhed at large.' 

" The rhetorical Grammar contains a great numoer, of inge* 
nious observations ; but they are written in the flyle of decla- 
mation, and calculated more for thbfe wfio arc proficient* in 
the language than for thofe Who are learning It. A gooa* Eng- 
lifh grammar is an object which we may probably continue Id 
witti for, till the ingenious men of our own country tuni their 
thoughts to their native language. « ... rj 

We conftder the work before us as very commendailf £n iiuJ 
view ; and we wifh Dr. Ken rick bad proceeded on a Urges; mi 
better plan; corrected all the miftakes • of Jobnfon, and fwp* 
plied his deficiencies and omiffionsf. What he has doncyhow 
ever, may be very ufeful j and his Dictionary will greatdj'sxtt 
foreigners in the laborious tafk of learning our language. '■ '*'• 

9 Some of thefe are, unaccountably, tranferibed Into Dr. J£w- 
rick's Dictionary : we fay unaccountably, became the errors Me, .la 
molt inftances, fo wry obvious ! What will the Reader (at, for tar 
ample, -to the fea-term Lttwar/, fo common in every book of voT- 
ages, and almoft every news-paper ? Leeward, Dr. Johnfon tefis 
us, and Dr. Ken rick repeats it, Ggnifiea *' to windward)" whereas, 
in truth, it means the dirtS contrary ! ■' 

f Now we fpeak of the omifllon of words, of no mean import* is 
it not remarkable that none of our lexicographers have taken notion 
of the word Nine, as it ftands, in the writing! of oar poets, toe. re- 
prefentative of the Muses : 

«« Ye facred Nine ! that all my foul poflekV*— r* PoPB.| ;i 

Art. V. Noorthouck'/ Hifiory of London conceded; See Ourlau. 

HAVING, in the former part of this article, exhibited a 
brief view of Mr. Noorthouck's plan, and of the fources 
from whence be has drawn his materials, we proceed flow to 

five fome fpecimens of the manner in which he has executed 
oth the hinorical and the defcriptive parts of his work. In 
doing this, we {hall diftinguilh fucb obfervations and derails 


Ncortbc uck'j Hifirj rf L#4*u 9 7 

m appear to be peculiar to the Author, from thofc which ara 
collected froen preceding compilers. 
At p. ii t we meet with a enncife, our-linc view of the feu- 
1 amc of goVcrnrrierit, to which this iltand, «» wefl at a conC- 
, \t»j once fubjecled ; and this he doc» t 
in order to ih«*», thrwgh the courie of his work, in what 
auaaccx thofe inflitatfioBi were gradually fubvcitcJ by the f.ow 
operation of the fpirit of commerce- 
i-cft iv the i;rcai charter of the Engltfh jibenxa, he 
reprobate* it (aa others have veiyjuRly done) a* declarative 
ooly of the feudal rights of" thofc who dom«oeercJ *> loidi of 

■ry ; but heobfervei that It tore no reference to t 
like/ties of tae ectnmen people. 
Hence be dj^er: tf c origi-i of the infurrrciio.n under War Ty* 
vJ Jack Straw t io famous for their bold artd defyeratC 
'■*n& fchenie, for their hotfid outrages, and for the excraor- 
rfLnaiy manner c ypreffion. 

P. 122. Here are fooic \ety frnfWe nl:frrv.i::r.nt on t*>c 
^*nge» which happily took place at the time Ol tne ac- 
iofgdurajj VI. 
• Gorefr-nvnt at th'i tune, fry§ he. hrg*n (a a fat po- 

aa. Ta« aneteot nobility kad b#cn inceh 1, by 

-c»5, attainder*, and execution-, do:ii:, 
rm*o, bcrver-ti the fainiik j of York Bad I the two 

a wh -*n bush claim wer? united, had nlfo, from oao> 
-oJley, «f» ' 10 depreli the .'r-rmidaHc povett t -i tba 

aaWi. by eU*aiing *nu otofcm . • pffieej <>: ir..ii aa ataj o>*»i # 

tx<mrrKin: in their U-> lativc re- 

h 1 wiiilc i had mat* 

gUa.- c acred 

t»,e K3%2<5«ci Iran t: 1 i rewiVfCtl ic 


ifcrtj- m*e&»€% »a4 fftnt 

.... • . . •: - '. 

bail ffftJCTi.3 t«C 

her* aVua . call a usij:c«ar,*glo;jc» ever 

v at tend 1 *-v 


■ ■ 
taaaxh an prcr-i 

a v» . u 


J; 4 ;> litl 


rnJred lew rtftt 



98 NoorthouckV Hijlory cf London* 

*n any age, or any country, where the caufes of thetn nave not 
been /r/f, and the reafons for them ajerttd, by the* common 
people : — who, as our Author elfewhere remarks, « felcfdtn fajl, 
in the dtrnier rtfort f to redrefs themfelves/ 

P. 136, we have fome remarks on the populoufnefs cf our ca- 
pital city. They are founded on Queen Elizabeth's proclama- 
tion againft new buildings in London. The proclamation rise If 
is inferted, by our Author, in his Appindt'x, 
'. ' To indulge, fays he, in a fhort digreffion oft this polar. The 
aftual inconveniences of clofe dwellings croeded with IftrBatw, ctc- 
not be denied ; the frequent contagious diforden were a fatal proof 
of them : but as the people had not then found oat that opening 
their ftreets would enable them to live more healthily and goaubo- 
dionily, which would have been the belt motive for cxtendiagjthe 
city ; fo the apprehenlions, expreued in the proclamation, proceeded 
alfo from narrow views. A metropolis fituated on an open navigable 
river near the fea, will increafe more in proportion than one not 
having an advantage which affords an eafy carriage for the' ncctlTa- 
ries the inhabitants require. The dearnefs of provifions in London 
is ilill attributed to the enormous confumption of ncceffarfes hiTti 
but unlcfs it alfo appears, that thefe high prices are owing to '4mr 
markets not being futticiently fupplied, we mull feck for fome other 
eaufe. The gradual enlargement of a city enriches all the couacry 
round it, and extends its demands to the remotcft comers :< it alio 
affords employment for all the fupernumerary ufeleia hands that re- 
fort to it ; which fufficiently accounts for the objection e&ea made 
againit the healthioefs of London, notwithllanding all its late improve- 
ments, where the deaths fo greatly exceed the births *. A petto 
without knowing this fact might with a little reflection infer it: 
multitudes who were born in various parts of England, end their 
days in London ; and numbers of the inhabitants of London:besn£ 
DifTenters of feveral denominations, no regifter of their births ap- 
pears, while that of their deaths is generally recorded. . If it is re- 
plied, that London nevertheless appears to be a gulph, that eosttk. 

* ' Though the operation of trade has caufed a progrefilve ln.crealb 
•f the metropolis from the fir ft, yet this increafe has been accele- 
rated during the laii thirty or forty years, from a caufc well known 
though little thought of in this point of view ; and which hai"af- 
iccled other towns as well as London. It is found upon an average* 
that the natural fmall-pox deftroys one in feven ; it is now above. 40 
years fince this difordcr began to be inoculated upon prepared bo- 
dies, of which the Bilhop of Worcefter, in his celebrated Jermon on 
this fubjeft, informs us, but one in 500 were found to die: hence 
in every 500 children inoculated, 70 lives are preferred to fociety, 
though few reflect how much this circumflancc mull advance popula- 
tion ! Since the Biihop of WorceAer's time, the hazard is a 1 molt re- 
duced to nothing ; and the practice obtaining chiefly in towns, tbey 
will hence increafe fatter than the acceffion of new coiners will oc- 

8 anally 

Nooctbouck-/ Kfirrj rf iWaw. 


req&irtt filling ; it [hoald be eonWcred, that it no: or-Jr re- 
iuaia co raitouj part*, A merit a and too 

7 J UbflUn tt[« f fubrf, 

and the thr .r» of geird?, art generally fmrht mea. Rapin 

:ra that the held wa* tco big for the body; but the 
&aneial eiicuxiflaoces of couetrie*, will alvriyi prescribe II 
ua growth of citin ; whll f red. London, va 

:; ho* long thit inemaeat may ccMtir.w, can- 
ce- F<ih»p be rorefcei may Uiclj be preyed, that when 

(be *»p*cwt*tioa becenrs iiijunou:. it »itl a like al] oilier natural 
•rib. correct iufcJf.' 

ajmoft onnfcrtarf to fay thit we thin* there it grcac 
tcaauo in what Mr. No^rtbouck ad/anccs in the mtt % wbeie 
he a«o»**tt for the lite gr-at irereafr of people in [x>ndoe» f &c. 
trcA tbo happy efe&s ot -■ociilation fur the fat*] U pox , 

of <wt Reader* will recoiled thai wc b*l f;mc 

*> in the 44th vclume ot our Kcrietr, p. 1$ — 16. 

.<< ijic-t of the public efteeli of 
Cre 1, he bw the following remark on the 

to the ftfpe/iof tufeota of the 
Pfoufior ; and on the mi of that ttero to the cftaratlc; 

mi a real patriot ; 

• Wr are cot to i ayi Mr. V, that after the ancient go- 

waaaffl* was derlroyed, ar.d no certain plaa was adopted CO take 
atarco/k. tkc taleats o« fowe 00* man ihoiaM enable him t.i K\ al- 
low up the whole power su tiiuordacly excrtikd. Government I 
ttttstwbnifton: but tii.-ii'e t . m 1 .1 • ut raanfly feoavft aitldeJ 
iit are molt readi , promptly enforced, and when* 

afatdianc* i» bed! re*.-a'Jtsi ; and 1 nerally happen when- pofrer 

in a iUrJc band, wlncb nmyaceoou for ComweU'a cxalu- 

!I gaTerametn teems to require a centre of authority fomewfcare 
•oeweyxc lag ilia* it* orji of great bodies, 

anwrm regatirlT fwmeJ, c by majority of votes % 

»*kk peoceedintt, and defeat* 

kUh b 

»' a re publi- 

-:he!rt"i g at ta«e 

inited, it 11 ia"irr»a- 

ihrlC , as 

it pioden" to make 

re tncy ate caafcrred. 

b anagiftratea ti authority delegate th*e*c<wu>e 

iplo ot . r»t, <On&!t 

g t|tc laitei ...7 in lubardtnauon . 

r *»9i Urate mar b in digni - •.-, to aar 

ioij«i4o*ls wkicb politic; but it It th« 

urna.:« only c«x" ihc irrera! p*rts ot ilis boJj, n-.iatever i,s l.ami 

U 1 ti^f 

loo NoorthouckV Hiflory ofLytfw* 

may be, which conftitutcs lawful abfolute gowcr : a>n,4 ffldtXejifft/jS 

Is found in all Hates. . . -v-i'-ik. j- lt\ 

' Neither Oliver Cromwell, nor Julius Cap far, weft' perhaibf,' ac- 
tuated by public motives, to eilablifh their pergonal avtbo^iifir; Vren 
patriotiim itfelf is very teldorn untainted wich prHva'te -Jiewivfft 
when government is diflocated, and a'ftafciotf blftracUa By-tfWWt 
partic:, it admits of a q uefl ion whether a »m •f4aJent««a/nWC'<a»> 
public for vice by taking the helm of ilate into his a*/%iliind$,-aaA 
by an uniforr. lie c rage of the whole, afford *re^»«c>rtax,<aof*£w 
to rectify the fubordinate pares of government f -Hi* fytrr^kfte^rtM" 
<fu;l mull determine this queltion. The event (hewed thaf,n Ifpmc 
was then circumitaaced, the patriotic Brutal and CafaBJ,.wcre MmV / f 
enemies to their country than Ca far ; who in, the main &havea\w*cFt 
and the mecr cutting him off", only left hit feat vacant ror'far Worfe 
tyrants to fight for. Here the paraHel fairs in part, arfMim <fl ed* 
natural death, while rhe elonds of danger were gathering 'over hit 
head : and as his character will admit of BO cojapsrMbn-whb tftit 
cf the unfortunate King, he contributed fc 1*rj*W ; to 1 tftrftrt^j'^fo 
perhaps jt will do the memories of Charles H. ' and famrk'n.^B.r/^fcr- 
vice to compare them with Oliver Cromwell, fncl'as lii cwflf rf- 
tuial temper, and that of the timei, farmed him. ■ ■" i 'S f *T 

There i& r.o doubt but that the neceflities of the tjirMs.l 
Charles I. was halting to his own deftrudioti, CaBM for 
a man as Cromwtll, whofe ambition proved happily inflrui 
u\ to ihe public welfare. With refped to his patrutijm* 4 
who contend for jt may raife a fmilc, but toe qsWftJQa.a/jil 
barely bear a ferious riifcuflion. ..-»•# 

P. 208, we have a juft reflection on the condufiof Geaesal 
Monk, who certainly loft a fine opportunity for fcridHng aid 
curbing the headitrong unmanageable Stuarts; '■*'» 

* Whether Monk, fays he, originally intended the nrvoratfoa %e 
finally effected, or whether he altered bis views according to ereatti 
i; was icmarkcd :h:.t during all thefe meafuret, he maintained no 
correspondence with Charles, ^r:d always proreffed himfelf zealots 
for a commonwealth. Hence he has been reproached with diffimuk* 
xiun by fome who nererthelefs were willingly deluded by a frt of hy- 
pocrites who fought only worldly power, while they prorated in their 
long canting prayers to fitk the &mt. Let it be re m e m b ere d how- 
ever that if Monk temporized, he laved the efTufion of bom btood 
in a work that now became ntceiTary. One cirenmftance was indeed 
fatally wanting to ccmplcat his merit with the nation, and thii was 
to receive the exiled Kirg upon exprefs conditions, for the limita- 
tion of his preiogativcs, tnd fecuring the liberties of his fobjeels. 
Charles then without meney, without power, and a refugee, woohl 
have agreed to anything; but this fine opportunity was loft by 
A?onk's defirc to claim merit with the King rather than with tho 
people: and fu rely no man ever lefs juilified the unlimited confi- 
dcrce placed in him than did Charles II.* 

In his 1 4th Chapter, 6. 1. our Author has introduced 1 com- 
pact and Juccinct account of the great plague in London, which. 

J*oorthoucV% /£/7»7qf Zwkfafc tot 

Voice o»? in 1664 1 out, brief as ic'il, X couM not *ut 
[ion | and il is iiK«pi^jc-«f an cxti 
a^», 15, ct*t:inue; :hc Authors 'i die 

ufCWka II. Among other tin .* % hc recite* the 

JjHB^JubU- procUouikxi of W« monarch, fo/Ojpttuig tip thfl 
ii«hfiafri ; and *JiKb hie Majcily had 1 nl- 

9KH to -flue within a rron'U', 1. ■ 

im& <*ru\\j discd wiia ihc corporaii. ;atXjV>IJ- 

r« tKci/ I JDtiJ.May^r't. 1 >.".', Oct. ?cj, 1675. 
it f<«M that hiv Mjjfcfty'j r«i r .:■ - bom'en^p; 

tinmen:, CAjSjfci him 10 ra 

1;* fubjcCJt : aiiiJ fomiliarilj, 
rdiah ii$, hrcecU contempt. 

h* rhe King afforded thi 





[ m iKit 4 piocl.i : '«j^ idaed DccetDo;; i-th, for 
all ooffechoufes, " Bccaofe in 


Jf** *mi '.. icporti, were devifed jnJ 

iiuKJon 0* Ins Majetly't government, anj 
;*aJ peace ol ibe rcalai." Nothing it 
.1 it j» really *n 
<|i' .• he jppiifi! ivi:h inun- 

talttv iri fc feme, " Thtrt nc;^j b'it t ri and malaitfg 

^tK-'* F.ii! £oye/nor» only b»vc caulc : 
cm? i««ott&ot cxpcrict»iQ (cachet, thai no uj>;i-!.t ■ 
H*-trea«e*i b;. hi* people-: «M he contrary he it coniiJercti a> aeon 
moo bi«eJ. and tbey ara litft bHff 

Bt when they are equally 
iljrpf a pcrnictoua kau\iwy. 'llius much >. 

ol in !gi . *«ra 

1 trailing 

i^M"! ! u:i and retailers < n *m 

rxrTccfcoufei unnt tbc i^rn of Ju 

1 ■ :••'.', r! :hcm I! - 

<ir read in them ; .ml 
front declaring . Or dWvlgia;;, .. 

faiaeaad ftaoJaluy; 1 rcporu - 

. t ! - .!,: n 

•i rtfi?**, *m>'' ! the t/utb or f-lichocil 0] 1 E< 

company he cntrrtaiacd! tad here the 

: Charles Irred in iliefe lefs a:>d h*f« ceo - 

Uad voucnufed to ;c; royallj cn-nic with a L t« 

102 NoorthouckV Hi/lory of London. 

Mayor, the prefent rtce of citizens would hardly Tia$is DefcfrVery 
fevere on fo jocun'4 *» occafton : or had they becn'difpoiedfjo 
animadvert on hihi with even all the freedom of theff Willce^ 
and Liberty t*Me^ To merry a monarch would only have iaugbttf 
at them altogether, — or he would have contented himTelf with 
cuckoIdUHf*rew of the aHermeny by way of revenge on tbo 
whole bpoy* corporate. 

, Proceeding to Chap. XVI. where the Author Tpettfcs of the 
part .which the city took in effecting the ever gloridtnVRBV'O- 
r jjil "ci'on, we meet with fome digreffive and very juft obftrva- 
jfahs on the caufes, both remote and immediate, which contrj* 
'• Jutcd to give this happy finifhing Aroke to the formation of our 
' prefent constitution of government : but for theft, too, we muft 
iefer to the bock, for want of room.— Our Author's very brief, 
tut impartial hiflpry of the Union of the tws Kingdoms^ is wor- 
thy of notice, and is to be found in Chap. XVJII. 

In Chap. XIX. we meet with fomc pertinent remarks on the 
pbligation of our members of parliament to obferve the infrac- 
tions of their conftitucnts. And here, while he ftrongly aflerts 
freedom in writing, as one of our greateft political bleffings, be 
-introduces a fhort but fevere cenfureon the illiberality ofthofe 
political writings which are (o much the difgrace of the pam- 

Shlet-fhops and the news-papers. There is alfo an excellent 
riflure on this head, in the celebrated, though unpublijhe4 r 
Letters to Lord Mansfield. *• Nothing," fays the fpirited but 
cindid Writer, " appears to mc more difgufting and delegable 
than thofe abufes of liberty which we have daily occafion to ob- 
ferve, and thofe illiberal and indifcri minate attacks made upon 
all characters, however refpecVable. They are doubly deteflablej 
both on' account of their intrinfic enormity, and becaufe they 
proceed not from the heart, or the real opinion of the authors, 
but are the fuggcflicns of faction or malice, conveyed* to the 
public by thofe who meanly proftitute their talents, in writing 
for others, what they neither think nor feel themfclves." 

Mr. N. has like wife, in the chapter laft enumerated, ivith 
'an honed fteedom, given us his rational and manly fentimenis 
on the famous feptennial act, which he totally condemns, as 
founded on the mod fhameful leafonings, and attended, as ex- 
perience has fatally evinced, with the word of confequences. 
lie alfo very laudably contends for an extenfton of the privifegi 
cfeleftiony in a manner I'uiteJ to the great alterations which 
time has produced in the circumflances of the people. 

In Chap. XX. he offers fome icmarks on luxury, idlcncfi, 
and other fources cf in. morality in this great capital $ which 
lead him to a proper cenfure of our criminal laws. 

Thctc, he obferve?, 


ie obferve;, ' do not fufHciently attend to the degrees of 
: and though it may found like a paradox, the a&rtion 

NToarthouck'j HiJ&y ef FawUh* 



ierc for many ofFencca, while it U too 
R'^M< OonUi nr>t be 
;\ the puiiJI'-UKfl is too much, coder rcinTcir- 
jlt Prnc:nt men ire if* to think 
fcvcrrfl exertion o Eawj'-bwt defperate men thiak 

chrnrifc, ;nd brawe a piiroihrnent wfcv ii fi> o,t:ir i i nn all 

t*arircifM t nor i< f>«re jj» execution. eihUmet], v wb:c ft act » of theft 
tie Mt committed ia G^bto: gallows. Murderer* alfo, 

&--«ld Mvti be haogod. and for timf>Ii.u re* foe, becaufc the 
u jjiii the atx /jri'fcr.;, it tticithckk f*jl> uf pre 

■ :ppear* atfuiJ to l-vilh the lire* of men, 

• yoong, and who nay be'appiird td tnxke lorr.e re- 

- iir% Aef do (0 Society. By offence* again ft 

9. rriti: forfeit ill claim to piotofiicn from them, and ought tohe 

■ed*o*trr t to rhe offended ; A flair 

. <r for other twin* proportioned t? t!i- crimes 

. would be tic fevcrdt pani&tnerM the 

*ie coold be Jooxed to. Waco ate lunged, their fuJcr- 

i.ratary and taey arc .: /gotten i but when enn- 

Bed to hard, enwtalribcac, or dangerdut labonr. ir»- 

(e ; they live iuiktiig exiirpU* of tie coufr^ucn^es 

ei-^ evil to other;. 

tcr may perhaps expofc hsmfelf to cenfure for the libnty 
rafcen of introducing his own opinion on affairs that m 
: e dcetard too far rcmoecd from hi* out** flatten of life, 
U otfered swth errat modeAy and diffidence, tic wculi be lorry 
appear dogm nica: ; but there arc conui:eiiuaol habits of tfcuiking 
itc bodily features, • i oce man 

:bcr; and there it a guarded nv:;! 
•ncodi more policy an J latent fufficiency. than he yet pof- 
ihoogh they may (cam de -prc-fled, arc 

I J aa axioms i but . -, and 

<p /natch 
Optcrtuoiiy, and wi!l cnnfiderevcn his mora .-.% i -. if 
• y of tlem laoold lead to clca" points 

interai'ins* to the p. welfare. Before the f/b,cct of 
«,y be aided, thai h)icu laws upbear, or I 
it a i 'i alictiu 

, itiry oug] 
\ &sii/W 

due tu laws in general, erpole il< ! 

I 10 Ct i 

BiOtc l:ab!c to 

he Author" i plane toward that imhec liiiy of rna^'llracy, 

ifteo, and fo (hamcl'ully ahufed. under the factious name of 

Miner, ii certainly wit. i * cnemka of focicty are 

>p the benefit of miiUken lenity ; while 

•!»r remains the ricUim. Kings and Princes, who arc too 

taffy kd iocv.cnJ their t^ unworthy objcc.s, tooof- 


leg.jiKd^ahflajt^fJfr ^^ 

and ibout\jbta JrdMeja%^iMa*w*f -<fce da^aWrwaampk of 

other aiiprt4i|M»Mmfta)ty ereareo 1 . hW dofautfofcm of the n«- 
tferow-fc»«»fc»«a JoAWf? of ■n.kiytfi,'' with whi?h the 
couiitrr «tt pWMWb, 3 VcOT*c4ltoc4' o? fte^i^iefc of W, 


^ JNgt .J»fa:»W book, He hat lakewifelgirantvAbie^K, 
incereflijig >«cco»nref ike fruitlcls atttoTpt to- eflabilih ari irni- 
foimhy pf weigbCi VAd mtafures ; arid ^ his inquiry into the 
cmufefr of the wancH^ncrt ofprovifroris eteferVes iid^icc. Hi*' 
htfrofyfcf die cTftmtte betweerV'tJic cU^y of London and Meflrs. 
tfie^AJami^ concexftlnjj; 'j the embankment of Durham-yawl. 
wHf ti^emfd nip** curious fome years, heflce, tfenat pre- 
rtjif, .^|^i&.|^cjiBfiaDcei-Vc frefh in every onc*sw«iuor#* 
but hw -general conclufions, at theclofe of liook 1. where toe 
hilftorical part ends, will at all times be read with advantage* 
bccatifc -Tb uth will for ever be Truth. 

Gf the defcriptive part of this work, a few fpecimens muft 
fufficc, as we have already extended the article to a confiderable 
length. The account here given of the Adtlfbl buildings f though 
by no means fufiic ten r to convey an adequate idea of that prodigy 
of architecture, will, however, be acceptable to fuch of our 
Readers M hate not yet feen this truly admirable improve- 

* Xp the eaft of York- buildings wai anciently the hoofe of the 
Bifhop of purhaan, afterward converted into buildings and- wharfs. 
*ji4 celled hy the name of purham-yard. Before this houfe, in the 
§trand, Xing James I. fretted a magnificent fione building for an Ex- 
change, ano* called it Britain's {*ur?e, which name h afterward loft 
ftif that of the New {Exchange. This building in the year 1737 was 
jM«n dpwo^ and a hand foroe line of boufes was creeled m the 
tV t "purbaie-vard, behind theft houfes, falling into ruins, lour 

-itcd bpilders ana" brothers, of the name of Adam, agreed with the 
T ibe'tf ft. Albert's, proprietor of the ground, and as the fitnatioa 
was -sdvwitagsous, bave copverted it into the molt elegant pile 
of buildings to be found in all the town. As Durham-yard went 
ctewn with a fteep dglccnt to the river, thefe gentlemen hive, 
\>y raifing their buildings upon flrong lofty arches, built a (beet at- 
tkc ciA end down tp the river upon a level with the Strand... Along 
the river weftward runs a broad terrace, secured with elegant iron 
njls, on which a nohle row of hoojea fronts the Thames : the center 
houfe is now inhabited by David Garrick, Efq. Another (beex fib 
tends between the rifer and the Strand, parallel to the terrace^ which 
jejuj*. |nip York bujldipfs $ ajuj in t& Arm is an elegant rdi^ce fcor 


Km* ifcaickV Hifkry J Imdtm. 105 

Ar tit of il»ftaoR/-fei iSe Lnc***&r**™ of Am, MamrfteWf, 
ited jCpaaaavreatormto the wttom m un ity oC Uii» crtjft ftrecr. 
itexhai *e*d»,W (k»«tfctr<catof tbf terfacp. Tac eael tu4 cvnirai 
une*«4 with piltf e/» ™<* 0»Mco of . ani/ieiai ttooa 4 
-mene, »' it u fount W «xprm»«» i}*at Uk<4 
icA tic ix>jur;:» of the »uduu audi lo-^cr 

e wai too rnaeli room in tlie ranfts under tKefe haaurt. 
;r are affo-.we'd t**o Aoriei cnder ground, ro remain fifeSe/i 
t bi»i> cf ire mer It fo wyulcua ■ tewa. Tnefe r&alu art 
ioawm> im raetroof warehoufe*. footer, arid eoaehJtoofo. wiia 
picytr fWbterrarteal eomawnicatioru referred brt<vten, eclfgareved 
Sf wHU i« the baek rard» between fhr h*ufri »S>«. Prom ihe old 
cocnncc to Duifcam yard i» t wide arebwae jfor carriage* ur.crr tkc 
acefei da-KQ to ihefe warcKoufts, and 10 a fpacjodj aharf !>«|vw the 
terrace. Aoc:her eatraccc cpr. ns to the flrcct on the fule next York- 
gt. The fcmmils of the archci fronting the rivrr are tpe»r>- 
1 to the pornnfW r>f eornptinc-noiMes for the warehouse* belor* ; 
er of fch<nr»> to ue oppofnc boofii nbowt. Prom ibis terrace ii a 
of the river between tbc brieljn at Wel>rrinfrcr and BU<V 
\xn wfekh lU not be lifer boomiariei <->f fo 2jjrre- 

pTCff*l). In ftiort, ii it Impoffible 10 riear this grand'' ira- 
ut adtnin'cg the fpirit tb« cotkl undertake the exo- 
:h a IV 1 

[uc 0/ the l.jtc Duke of Cumberland, 
<■ ofCaUi^iihfqu-irr, 

-1 rcan*|ti anc ortiktlnr* 

: ; / BuUh \;^tS<. sf Lt#- 

bjoCil i l>*t il*»* Wiitcr 

neiimea be very fue> 

. Ihe CrutitlDifmxr 
rd beeat-.c iir* iU»y*! -Highnclx Udjelfd 

uniform., ism Mr. N. < cavri- 

■■;■;• J ii i 

a »t: ' 

* . h)«bti r^j 

i^iU-Uuilu. — We entirely a^toe 

if Hilton. 

account of thx-Bnufi Muleum aff»e:.f*-to be *w rand 

• k*|oni Bedl* Tine rre*« '«fTrt- 

kau«a by ta^ Pi' 1 ' * 


io6 Noorthouck * Hi/lory of Lomdm* 

John Duke of Montague, krc per of the wardrobe to King Charles IL 
and who was in high favour after ward with King William and Queen 
Anne* ty is juUly efteemqd one o/ the mail magnificent buildings 

by a high bncJ; wall, in the center of which is a Ipadou 
gate under a dome : the in fide of this wall ia formed into a grand 
colonade reaching to the wings on either fide* The houfe ia adorned 
with curious pain tings oi.La.Pa/le, Baptiltc.Aod&ouireau; andjias 
an- extcuG ve garden containing, near eigljt acic* ofTground. R 

* In purfuance of Sir Ham Sloane's will, who dial in 175a, and 

directed that his collection of natuial and ^JAeial curiafiues, 
dais, books, and manufcripts, fhould bccquie the property of the. 
public in confederation of 20,000 ]. to bc.paijl to, his executors ; .die 
government immediate!}* raifed t©o,ooo 1. by. .lottery for the purchase 
and eftablilhment of it; and appointed the Archbimop. of Canter- 
busy* Lord Chancellor, the great officers of the crown, fecretariea 
of Rate, fpeakerof the houfe of commons, with others to be chofcn 
by them ; truilecs for the public. To thefe were added Lord Cadb- 
gan, and Hans Stanley, Eia; who married Sir Hans Sloane's daugh- 
ter;; ; and after their deceafe, two others to be chofen in their Head 
by themfelves, or the Sloanean family from time to time, to be their 
perpetual representatives in the trull. 

4 To extend this noble foundation, the late King George II. with 
the parliament, directed that the royal library of curious manufcripts 
and very rare printed books.-together with the famous Cotton library, 
and its appendix, the late Major Edwards's fine collection of books, 
and 7000 1. in reversion which he bequeathed to it ; mould become a 
part of the propofed Mufeum : and that Samuel Burrows, and Thomas 
Hart, Efqrs. the then trultees of it, and their fuccelTors, to be no- 
minated by the Cotton family, fhould be its perpetual representatives 
in the fame manner as thofe of Sir Hans Sloane. 

* Nor was this all ; the he'irefs of the late Lord Oxford generoufly 
offered his grand collection of manufcripts, which is fatd to have 
cort above ico,cco 1. for a tenth part of that fum : the ad therefore 
impowcred the above mentioned truftces to purchafe and place it in 
the fame repofitory with the Cotton library; appointing the Duke 
of Portland, and Earl of Oxford, and their fuccelTors, to be chofen 
by themfelves, or the Portland family, perpetual truilecs for it, as 
before. All thefe trullees were incoporated by the name of truftees 
of the Britilh Mufeum, as a body politic, to provide a plan for its 
reception, appoint officers, fcrvants, and their fcvcral falariet, and 
make all other neceffary ftatutcs, and rules for its order, govern* 
ment, and prefervation. 

* Jull as this was done, and while the trullees were at a lofs where 
to purchafeor build a proper repofitory ; another kind and generous 
offer was made by the t*o noble heireflcs of the Montague family, 
of the houfe of that name, and gardens in Great Ruffel-ftreet, Bloom- 
(bury : for this they gave no more than ic,ocol. and laid out be- 
tween 20 and ao,oool. on neceffary repairs, alterations, and co rive* 
nicnecs, for the reception of all the collections united. The re- 
maining I urn, much leilcncd iincc by additional buildings, and un- 

NoofthoucV'j Hijltryif LsttAn* 


avoidable loftTet throo, : w«*r<ft lo 

p*> uUrU-. ta*< - the fcooft 

mi Urea wc:e ob'.igcd to app > to partianrrst for afiflUnce, wfcicfc it 
it to be wilhed may be eonrinuetl ff5r t"-r farport erf fueh a* bowoar 
nd aorta it: cnert 

thac plots to ra- 

. J of evei 10 o « - 1 : ■ j 

r ruiy be for their porpafc, ©at erf the bxki, xr 

tert, prefi 
properly jr be AfrettainH by \ 

predated and edrnitt: 

ted co draw 

- '■ • »— , . "r. 

rl ii eearned »Ilo fjr the 
-rpiftion, -e!cs tor def: 

; ItiTC foi j Co Jill ill 

them by ihe pemer *: the £3te. 

I accersrrodjtc the co.rpat*- tStt ore eo rjeai lb* MafrQJB, 

njcoficeri a»e »pr-oiT.tec, t*o to either the ihrre deparhnc:.: , »i;*. 

*Mta tfcc nrhok Vi Jiv ded ; rix.aa under tibraiitn, and hi* a£Oan( 

llbrafta*; wfcofc boimeft ii, be&le orpmmem 

it patting anJ keeping ett feofktiio: 

'ec. tc Ihe* ar>j exp 
here ii a principal :;:.r*.rian whole office af to . 

• The frli department i» -n tie lower t'orj. into which too en- 
ter, through the hall; where, at the be*ti>Tt of the greac (Usr-cafe. 
■re a fcreat maay ■nti-ques, at J foeae mod tiot, Tbi 

cl twefrc roootf, o/ printed be^k* : the frit rcceircs tie do- 
; among nftuch [i to be tlifli*gai0»«i a valaablr 

Cl M-^erlv. being abort 30,000 treanfea bound in 
oi", pthxed in the fafl century, I -Vie 

-.'i library mentioned before — atfd ia 

tl>c in; Krcb^i libftey, *hicbhc bequeathed to 

• TTte fir adjw'nr^ :p:rrmPfltl ten rTlTB Slnane*» library, 
where tbe book* — >. £. - pri> lie 

i 'lilofen-nr i 
., ancient and modern— phi] 

ice. Oat ^f tli ij you go in i the I 

taker up the 

fi4 from Hen: 
•iter caaiacnt an 4 leaf) nambrr of bank* in ;bif dc- 

scrtAeat amounti/.o -bore o J.oco. 

... I L.-'Or ahore farm 1 it 
ii more th >i articles ot niroral MiK 




c— a*>irll», foliil aad recctt» — ill for:* of unc/jmmoa 

toaioon. aod | -, jafjier, A.c mine; .i i 

wiitt a gn This depxr'.oent ti*i 

it>8 NoorthoucJt'j H'Jlory of London, 

bepn enriched hv the curio as collection or foffils prefer ced'iy Gil ft 
iavus Brander, Efq; and of polypufes by Mr, Ellis. , " : r"* l " J - ■ 
■ 'the third department contains the manufcrtprs ' of tW^IoWit, 
Cotton, Harlcian, and Sloanean libraries, in number, mclodWig'taui 
late Dr. Birch's, bequeathed by him, very near 15,000 vaJwaea* 
befide above 1 5,000 ancient charters and rolls in one room ; 25,000 
coins and medals in another ; and in a third, a great many* cameos* 
intaglios, Egyptian and iurufcan antiquities, moll of watch -was* 
preieotcd by Thomas HolJis, Smart Lethui Uier, and Weatlcv Mon- 
tague, Eiqrs. In this room alio are many enrious articles ^ 
Sarts of the world, including tkoie brought home by Comi 
iron, Mr. Banks, Dr. Solander, &c, from the lately dift 
Aiathern countries* To theft: the parliament has lately added &e 
fefperb collection of Sir William Hamilton, confuting of antiques 
barico in the Sepulchres in Magma Grarcia at lead 30CO years ago-; 
lmongft which .are great numbers of vases, urns, lamps, araBOsy, 
lares, bronzes, inftrumems, utenfils, locks, keys, &c. precious ajooaa* 
cjarWos, cameos, gold ornaments, fuperllitious gems. Sec. in faarn* 
bn more than 33°°* befide 600 medals, for which the governxnesse 
jutvc Koooi. ..... 

t ( " Such, arc the contents of the Britifh Mnfeom, the wonder of ajl 
cnaL bcnoU it ; and conferied, all things conftdered, to be 1'aperSar 
lo any otter rVJafcnm in the world.' 

"Toihe foregoing defcriptions might be added, thofe of RlaenV 
friar's Bridge, the new Bank-buildings, the Excife-office, and. 
the remarks made on the Queen's Palace: but we rmift ceW- 
elude;- and therefore only oblerve,-in the general, that thede- 
iVrlptfve articles ere motlry cf later date than tbofe which are; 
io oe^und in other works of the Ume kind; that many tf 
tHeWf are new, and that all of them, as far as wc have hat 
Mfijre to examine them, feem to be adapted to the prefent (rate 
of the places and objects defctibed. 

: But* while we do juftice to the induftry and accuracy which 
have been employed in this complement, we cannot bat take' 
iiotice of an omitfion, highly injurious 10 the merit of a very 
Veterving and veiy extraordinary man. The pcrfon we haw in 
vVieWf R William Shipley, who rlrfr formed the idea, and laid 
•fre Foundation, of the celebrated SeJtty for the EntBurtgewmtt tf 
.Arh\^M4ir.ufa£ura s and Commerce. The very name of honeft 
Shipley is not fo muih as mentioned (untftft we have overt- 
looked it) in Mr. N.'s work. He has afcribed the origin rjf 
Chis Society to * Lord Folk'Jone, Lord Ronmey, Dr. Stephen 
Hales, and a few other private gentlemen / but it (hould have 
been obferved, that the above- mentioned lords and gentlemen 
were firft brought together by .VI r. Shipiey ; who, without 
money, without patronage, an J without even the moft dif- 
tant view to his own private advantage, took aftonifhing paint 
for this laudable purpofc,— perfevering through great diffi- 
culties and dtfcuuragunenis, and uwer iciling till he had ac- 

Can ; *r> a.i Ey.y ttt Old Atf* ioo> 

tempi i urpofe, — A chiraitcr like that of iSc 

loujd be held in the liijjhcft cftrcm by 
cvcry-TUfnd 10 , ftftd ty< Arts: 

aod v therefore, we hope Mr. N. wil! dole ample ju 
next eiiuwii of his Htltory. 


Aar. Via C*io , v, am Ef*y en Oi* Agn By Mirc»> Talliua 

etc. With K.-ni.«k ;*. DoiH1c> . <;?>♦ 

W- *>ere prefer: < r.c of the ftnett remain* ntf 

jnit|u!;. ifi cle^tnt form of t\i- 

^guige; and the ropiouf remarks annexed to the 
tflar, jfifci ■ combined w;th tallc, and fentimen* 

witi liberty. Tcanflattow are, in g^nrrat, the nane of every 
Uayvago ; but focb tranflartoni as thu, bring aotn our language 
*fld Our learning in their debt. 

"The original wu in every refpeel worthy of a vrriter fa capa- 
ble off The F.tiay »n Old Ace, wai onco* ftir 
iaft philosophical labour* o* CtrerO, or rathef ooc of Jus lift 
, ofcSca tiiat (be plcaJgre lie found in 
g it, fmoothed the dcclning period of bis Ir'e. M .., 
tmijgm it* jtKUmJa bwjas i :.s J'uir 9 Hi it&n mato amner *£- 
tjtrit jwitnut mitjUaiy fid tfftutit *(»7/m tiiam tt jutvnJ&m 
m. InFref. 
e generally fucceed bef: where we find the peareft pleafure 
execution 1 and 1: is no wonder if thu littic work, the 
production cf the great oeainr 1 ! uuturcft mind and happicft 
trtur>, bote e»ery character of the pic-It Jiiliii^uinicJ merit. 
Tfce WORt'crfu] elegance and beauty of ircuwnpolltion, rrnJrrrrt 
It ibe I Wltl tin: \v-(JTi\i\\\ \t% 

inforUMc aioft from a different ucrb, "m rhrgp rt 

wa> tt ice to know tht hit' fenrinacnti or ih.-» 

ol ihc fuoL And th:» 
eiliy, written bin a few ye-*r-. bef uft, n,l iUpatt tbt 

»ery l-tt a^t he exerted in his pbtlofophkal character, rn«ght be 
eroftdered ;.» an exp'icit and 1 uotn pfofefiuui of hii be- 

Lcl of thr Tool's frpirtu cxiirencc in a future tHtc. But if, 
Uf\ the ingenious irunfitor, after fo pnfit 1 .nation n 

•lOtd or* the truth or thu nnportr- 
bis fiitli mifbt 
baid, indred, would hs have found tile Ul3c to 
Ciors fitis^L*.. 

The conrS.ding part cf ihe crTay, (o tt*ver£»J 
tbc ciinds and nxmofici of men, t»c ; 

rraullation, bet >v(c the ReaoVr will aliva^. be toe 6vU 
Hi< of What he b txft acquainted with. 

110 Cats ; or, an Ejjay on Old Agt. 

« Never, Scipio, can 1 believe that your illutlrious aftceftort* 
together with many other excellent perfonages whom 1 riecd not 
'particularly narne, would have fo ardently endeavoured to merit 
the honourable remembrance of pbfterity, bad they apt. heed 
perfuaded, that they had a real intereft in the opinion which 
future generations might entertain concerning them. And dd 
you imagine, my noble friends, (if I may be indulged in in 
old man's privilege to boaftof himfelf) do you imagine I wpold 
have undergone thofe labours 1 have iuftained both in rmy.cixil 
and military employments, if I had fuppofed that the confirimt) 
laiisfa&ion I received from the glory of my actions, was t<* ter- 
minate with my prefent exigence ? If fuch had been my. per- 
fusion, would it not have been far better and more rational,. to 
have paiTed my days in an undifturbed and indolent repofe, 
without labour and without contention ? But my xnind u bf £ 
know not what fecret impulfe, was ever raifing its views into 
future ages ; ftrongly perfuaded that I fhould then only begin 
.to /rw, when i ceal'ed to exiit in the prefent world. Indeed, 
If the foul were not naturally immortal ; never, furcly, would 
the defxre of immortal glory be a paffion which always exerts 
itfelf with the greateft force in the noblcft and mod exalted 

* Tell me, my friends, whence is it, that thofe men whd 
have made the greateit advances in true wifdom and genuine! 
philofophy, are obferved to meet death with the mod perfcel 
equanimity ; while the ignorant and unimproved part of our 
fpecies, generally fee. its approach with the utmoft difcompofuotf 
and reluctance? Is it not becaufe the more enlightened the 
mind is, and the farther it extends its view, the more clearly it 
difcerns in the hour of its diflblution, (what narrow and vulgar* 
fouls are too (bort lighted to difcover) that it is taking its flight 
into fome happier region ? ' 

, * For my own part, 1 feel myfelf tranfported with the mofi 
ardent impatience to join the fociety of my two departed friends^ 
your illuftrious fathers; whofe characters 1 greatly refpeded 
and whofe perfons I fincerely loved. Nor is this my earoeft 
defire, confined to thofe excellent perfons alone with whom t 
was formerly connected ; 1 ardently wifli to viftt alfo thofe cele- 
brated worthies, of whofe honourable conduit I have heard and 
read much, or whofe virtues I have myfelf commemorate^ if* 
feme of my writings. To this glorious aflembly I am 
advancing: and 1 would not be turned back in my journey ,■ 
even upon the allured condition that my youth, like that of 
'Pelias, ihould again be reilorcd. The fincere truth is, if, fome 
divinity would confer upon me a new grant of my life,- and re- 
place me once more in the cradle ; I would utterly, and with- 

Cat* ; sr, f* Ejjaf in Old Agu in 

(jtajt the leaft he£u titan, rejc& the offer : hiving well nigh 
fuuftsed my race, I have no inclination to return to the goal. 
Fur wlut lias life to recommend it * Or rather indeed to what 
>cs it not cxpofe us I But admit that its latufactiont arc 
many ; yet Purely there is a time when we have had a fufiic'tcac 
nc*: lymrnu, and may well depart contented with 

our (hue of the leal) : for 1 mean not, in imitation of fomc 
wry coofsderable philosophers, to repretent the condition of hu- 
man nature as a febjeer of jeft lamer.tatioi. On the contrary, 
1 tan far from regrrtitng that life was hHtowrd upon me; as 
1 have the iatislactbon to think that I nave employed it in fucfc 
a truraner, an not to lave lived in vain. Jn ilwwt. i confider 
this world as a place which nature nc»«r cefimed for my per- 
manent abode \ and 1 Wk upon my depart titc out of it, noc u 
bettg driven from my habitation, but as leaving m? inn. 

• O ! glorious day ! when I (hall retue frcm thu low and 
forJsd Cttao, to afloctate wit^ the .li»ir»e JifrmWf of departed 
ff*iii» ; and not with toofc only whom 1 |uit now mentioned, 
but with rsyocarCato; that btft<o4 font j i moft wloebsror' 
men ! It arts any fad fate to lay hi* body on the funeral pile, 
whe* by tne courfe of nature I hjd reaii.n to hope, tie would 
hate performed the farn* lalt "ft c to mine. His foul, bowv 
erer, did imt defcrt me, hut (hi I looked back upon me in its 
tight to thole happy m ■nu-ris, to wh.ct» he was asTurcd 1 ihould 
day folio . . Jt i fecmed to bear his death witli forti- 

tude ; it was bv it" means bccaulc I cis.l not moft fenfialy feci 
Ike lot* i had luftaincd; it was becaufc, 1 fupported myfcif 
• the contolng rcfcectjori, that we could not long be 

bis* to think, and thai to alh b»« rnahtrd me, 'Scipio» 
to bear up uadci a load of yeftra with that cafe and eompU- 
eency which b ind fjtliu* Fvtve :o fn ia teems, 

rtsnarked with aUroira'i* u : ar'tiMked it nos lenrfer'rd my old- 
age net I renieni (taic to me, hut ^rrrabl* 
oae. And after aN, ihnul.i :h<s my arm pesfusiionot tne foutft 
us*e:< 3 to be a mere dclutvm i it is at leal a picaf- 
kgdclulion, — and I will chcnin it io my lawfl bnath. I nave 
the fatisf-cVn in the mean time to be aft, if death 
flaould utterly eatrnguifh mycxittence, . oatc pmlo- 
aoaneri afle't i the groundlefs hopes I tnteftaan i after. Iff: 
rniome re, cannot txonfr mc to- the Mifiosj of tbefr 
Wonderful (ago. when they and 1 (hall be no more. In all 
nd even admitting that our cxpe&acions of immortality 
utterly raid ; thcrv is a certain period, -•u.vcrthciel*, when 
death wouM be a confummation moft carivcJily to be dc&red. 
Fot ii appointed to the days ol man, as to ail tilings 
site, their p;opei limits, Ley on J wLkk they a/c no Kuriy/r of 


any value. In fine, old-age ec*fi4crcfJ.ftc the. lair 
in the great drama of life i and onan'owU, not* 4%it*v» -*t& ;o 
lengthen out our pan trli wc funk down in < n^am 1 ,- an 1 ex- 
ited with ^ .9) 

If there be any afyui] ranfiaftor-. >t * where 

the tranilJtoi. I 1 aehajifr 

fenfe, » AxnetJujc*, po« IV. Pos i-rU^cc tfac »oi- 

io*mkj itiort icn;cncr, rcb.-aVa •f.j ^fit, ^m 

ctt*'nt<i>itxi % v*J*udt % n! • ■ . . , i-«kt oi«aX]y 

conufe. uit. / jt^ / a w iar r, 

wk*M I hxtcdtxd Unfits 

4 For my own part, 1 feci mytirjf ttanl'nortcd w.ih ibc naoer 
ardent impatience to join (he lociety of my two departed (nenda, 
your iUuftriova btbrn | whafe characters; i e/rarly icfpccied, 
and whole pcrlons 1 fiucercly loved.' If the ihoricr of tutfe 
fen cr-cc> Cearcyi all lIic idea of ilie original, it is a better tian- 
ibtion than the longer: if it does not, it U worfe. 

The ooies, or remarks, aa they are called, annexed to this 
work, make the mot! valuable part 0/ it. They comaia juat 
fkeuhea of the principal character* mentioned in the courtc ©a" 
the e!lay, and a variety of judicious obfavationi 00 the 
ocri a ad id it 1 eft a oi men. 

The following note, whirh may be contWrcd a', u kind mi 
cfrSnutc ot human Jife» will Ihew tbe philosophical turn araal 
genius of the whose. 

* Philosophy can never be employed in an office more un- 
fuitabac to bar proper chancier and fuo&iona, than in faring 
fuub fucb representations of human life as tend to p*-t marafcaaZ 
out of humour with their preterit bem* : and ret into una ana? 
wonky fervlec tome eminent inoraltiti, both antient and mo- 
dern, have rsoe fciuplcd to compel her I The &eiiuin«efii 
true wifclom and knuwltge, ate altogether «f a different nom 
pacxienj aa thole fpecuUtivc writer* uho-'c fludvca and u 
have qualincd them for raking the nioit accurate at'J cctrpie- 
fenfire lurvcy of the natural and moral world, have found the 
rciult of their inquiries terminate in the ilruitgcft motives Aac a 
grateful aiquicuoncc in the beneficent aumimliraUon ot proas* 
derscc, Tu be able indeed to dear up all the difJkuUiea svhuji 
occur in attempting to accotoi fur that degree of oil whatfi 
the Supreme Creator bat pcrmicted to cater •miwif, -naa W 1 

. vain, perhaps, be expecxed, till the menial b^li:ina«J ]m 

Krged with that heavenly " 1 with what 4e,*1af eft 

ilton removed the film 1 cm Adams tye>.wbiii v Ki:*ftaw l c J 4 
him in vihon the iue of hi* uVccnuWu In *hr tim^miimmm 
however, there isabumbi :;jr jpMUtffMf: 

iht Creator an ha * k u^s .*. .h^uy eves?* u 

Can i tr. An Efiy m Old 4gt* 


h» in a gloomy Jlaic of mind, it apt to overraft the 
of* human condition. 
4 Thr train il, the naiam/ erila of life »ir but few «n 
oonfiderablc when compared with thvu wh»ch\areof man'io* n 
arwftwdioo. Pain and difeafc, which now make fuch a variety 
ot dreadful artk'.c* in crar eilimsceof human eilamicin, would 
feared y appear to ex. ft, it the contributions of rice and luXtarf 
war< t-ibdracrrd from rhe account. And whan a'l de'i 

■■Haana of this kind are jultly made, if we examine the 
naming evili to which mankind are mctjjeati'.j expofed ; it will 
appear that providence harh kindly in*. ertain tecrcc 

ceaaoJa r io n a and unexpected fvfteninr/. which tctiw- ucc 

taftrrable when realised than they letm in ap; 
tatof indeed n more certain than what 4 .arable mom* 

irift, with his ufual truth tent *r>d elegance 

iMnoo* fa . remarked ^ chat ** the oi'a of th»i life «p- 

acar like roc ki and pr- r-n at a dfibmrej 

MM o*r nearer appro ;ch v/e 

•'(& Dfr If* in £5 mixed w.t : 

dc formic , 

lodai taitanc*: 

Mb cf mara- 

■ 'a apply tMi general obferratij i I i 
Tkoie who (ram the more (MMfe' 
anak down upon the loweft an I 
ond, are apt t . the (few 'itie » >' \ 

aacrica to wh 
f —l tJU ned. Bu: in !a 
aMft* arc to tar i. 
fntrrt, that perri*f>'. tcW weOW ''•* v 
tacy were to exchange it for a nor: exalted 
Thin, ton i% nn iifeal repri 

.aartoniMa '^ of 

iram*iogei* nefl "Inn ■ ■ the good 

Step P^neopp«da«, '• over ihe higbett mountain* oi Nc-fwajr, 

(how, aiK' affee are of r 

«icr, I hait fee* p-rafar.rt in great nurTiber* .1 ik of 

aorttf f and indeed they fecm «\ -tal to thofc animal; in ft." 
— Thty go on tinging all the wl I hold oiat for nine 

fcaera together ax the hardest labour imaginable, with inc-'cdrbM 
oaearMaei* and alacrity.** He add* ; ,( the ptafarits of both 
kit* aiWibl* tocher by hun^rcdi, I roijr.h: ("»/ tbovfard*, 
*nar the mtddlt: of January, to make thc-r wlnUi harveit of 

-h produce of the iKean They keep oat at tea aJ 
iay, and ■ great part of rh? night by mc-on! ijht, in open boats j 
•nd a#tcr that, croud together by feorea into little hj«, where 
tea can JurdW hate rwom to lay iheenfeivei dmm, in 

• xtha. The nrxt mornsng they itturn to the fame labo- 
IUt Ajg. 1773. 1 ' tiou» 

114 CaUi *r, en bfiy in OU A*4* 

riow employments with as much plcifure and ebtarfulncfs ts 
•.etc going to a merry*makwig/' 
- * in eoAtempUting the moiil Hate of mankind the horror 
o/ the vitw, in like iTunner, ft neb alleviated hy ukir^; 

in every mitigating circumltancc that attend* the ptofptd. 
There ]% tejtoii tii think, with the moft judicioui wri:en on 
thii intenafling que ft ion, that there arc lew individual who in 
the i their live* have not been the author) of r.\ 

than evil. Prejudice, refentment, or oppofitioii of intcrcll i 
and often do, produce particular inftanco of the fad cfiVe5|fof 
the malevolent *>d Iclnfti paifions, in the very Time man who, 
in the *ciieral tcnour of his conduct and ■ rgtt- 

larty exeieiOe the kind and foebl affeitir.ns. But in «ierc.-- 
mi i lie comparative prevalent) v( mora! good 

andev.l; a hafty or peevtih rcmarker, while he examine* the 
elf the matignJ -i, la not equally careful to m- 

qti ■< of the op|"'i : .rr fcale. There are many 

ilUncTi alfo i: 'he known» before wc arc 

i< uljr adion in pee<ifc and <Kf- 
tmguiihinj: J.-iio I .'ic motive and intcnti. 

agent; the point i i view. In w ii ; > Itie *flk»i ap >c&rrrj to Mi 
own eye j the degree of fiirprixc or premedication, of k. 
Oi fenoramr, with wlii-i it wai committed; are 
difc I which fcnuri 

a i y cI thefc i _ she 

true nature and ellemial charadtenit:c of moral coodu^t. 

1 There ii another circumftancc which may very much cpa- 
hi.i m- ■■■■ ■ '-vourable condufaoru upon 

forcibly upon the 
r nature more open to pubhr nnrurgfrf, 
of an oppofr.c quality. Atrocitti* de :.- 
ide rarely pafs uruliiVovrrrd ; where.-, 
nobleft and nioft laudable usances of human merit, *tr 
uryemly known only to the panics immi 

do' oi i •'« concealed in the bicatt of the wot thy a ;ent. Vice 
obtrude-* itl'clf upon the public eye; but virtue mufi i 

ous fcerte*. The ftcr/iim ii 
the r (he parhi in which her votaries are 

mo'* frequently to he f and. No wonder th. -o»- 

. pu: i.uative number, very erroneous eal 

are anf fo b>r msde. 

• WhCfl ' fcf-:ff, t-»<-"e- v 

fidcre-l and 

tHou-jit an unwarrantable infc:crt v 

la$oc of gxd in the moral, a* v/cU ft» in the fl 


IrjrcW* Tm /«V«igfi Skiff end MaStd. * If 

i We nun:* quit thn articJr without exprrtlin^ » aVii*e to fee 
the Eflat on FiieruJfoi^ in the hawk of tha lame cranflator. 

N* 6. Mr. Mr^m.rl'V mmr * r(«| to rhr later ad- 

%WT»(r which we 

ire the prefect article w« Jnwrn up* 

; IL Biysouk'i Tear ilrtmrb Sttiy am iii/;j, conclodctk 
Seeoui lift .V 

1I/E left our traveller* • to civc >■ rcpofep 

W ii b**i> cif / rjofe, 

ro^Jic or woody «a&io» of m:»uiK A ther pro 

to ihcaufciro the jKGtfurc of falulicig the fi£n)C iuu fi< i 
fammtt ol the monnino % arwl hao alaouc c*:*ht miki of trie upper 
/t regioD to dioib, htUie \ gri : c Jorcft in 

* then embowe«ee\ — ii tHem 

lo be (hrriog peel V they Ireakfaftcd abort 

. i 
Afpo&I of 
k-uwlegc of tl*c nioiniMiji ; and ill ; 


* He ccocuOrJ us, fayi Mr. 0. over " AoUtfl rale, and 

■ixhtre Scarce hunia foot hud -acuities :arofl£h 

tkomr fowl delightful ; bt*- 

»i dar*r; ; ,C treei | thehtat'). 

rxpanic c" ditlancc below u: . i! Gorier. 

tteta we fo*r.<\ r> !•«.■:,.*» «fcfftiliag fcrrit rocki ri' lir:, whrn 
Alia* fhould raxke Let .. nijb; be I 

cier the precipice. Ho*cvtTi d;. ;-.» aiiUaace oi ti.o l 
•vvfuukc aU itacfc ciiSxaliiei , -*■• <J I g mu >g«d "itcaafe wcll r tt~: 
la the {pace oc" two hour* we U 
Hjpff limn _ aj-.d u.u we bid kit inr r 
Tftde appeared now Jikc a (ink and gloom) K«»pt» Www l 
fotrovoau ibe Douatvn. 

c profpeO btfor* m» wxi of a my aJTcrcpc wC 1k- 

trld on cxpatifr of (bow and ice hat alarmc itsgiv.aoi 

■Lerefr tagger ed oar lefolmion. In d 

the c-ioi. i 

U» irtaocfltU<ui head.; -^* 1' 

ay y aaini touilf toatodoWK « vm ;: ' > 
aad ke taat fomuiMh 

i Uappesi 
jfttain being hot btfc*V a O" 
fpoOi oo-j formed i* v; 'l <* water, w ^*a\Uk 

• The p ' aiae pfrft h ling t' 

, .; . . ■ . 
; tefopa wa» !" callc I, L ettct 

BTtO, thaa Si; Oilier ma:- -nif. 

I i 

i 1 6 Brydone'; Tour through Sicily and Mahal 

to forefee our danger; that it fikewife happened, tharthefarface of thf 
water, as wcil as tao fnow# wu oftct covered over wuh.njactt alfaes,, 
that rendered it exceedingly treacherous j that however, if we thought 
proper, he mould lead us on with as rauch caution as poffible. A*: 
cordifiriy, after holding a council .of war, which you .know people 

S morally do when they are verv m*ch afraid, we fent our cavalry 
Own to the fbreft below, and prepared to climb the inows. The 
Cyclops, after, taking a great draugfat of brand/, defired us to be of 
good cheer; that we had plenty of time, and might take aajnari 
rcils aa we pleafed. That the mow could be little more thau (even 
miks, and that we certainly Jfcould be able to accomplifti H.fcffff^ 
time bafore fan rife. Accordingly* taking each of us a dnim^nf 
liqueur, which fooa removed every objection, we began our march. 
■ * Vf he afcent for fome time was iioi rapid, and as the furfacc of 
the f«ow iaak a little, we had tolerable good footing ;. but as ii fuun 
began to grow deeper, we found oar labour greatly increa/ed: aa*fa 
ever we determined to perfevere, reraerabring in the n^n^of ou 

fatigue, that the emperor Adrian and the phuofopher r%^a un#J2 
went the, fane ; and from the fame motive too, to fee the rifing fiin. 
from the top of ^Etna. After incredible labour and fatigue, ta£jtt 
the fa roe time mixed with a great deal of pleafare, we arrived heftw 
dawn at the anins of an antient ftrnAnre called // Torn dti PbiU/of$$^ 
fuppofed to have been built by the philofopher Empcdodes, who 
rook up his habitation here the better to ftudy the nature of nioant 
./Etna. By others, it is fuppofed to be the ruins of the tempje jpjf 
Vnlcan, whofe (hop, all the world knows (where he ufed to,, mug 
excellent thunderbolts and celeftial armoor,as well as nets to caic5,hja. 
wife when me went aft ray) was ever kept in mount -'Etna.. . Hers.jmj 
rcftcd ourlclves for fome time, and made a frelh applioarioa to pu* 
liqaear bottle, which I am periuaded, both Vulcan and Erapedoclea^ 
had they been here, would have greatly approved of after fucj^j 
march. ..J , , TtJfl 

* I found the mercury had fallen to 20 : 6. We had now £1 
pay oar adorations in a filent contemplation of the 
of nature. The iky was perfectly clear, and the immenfe vat 
the heavens appeared in awful majesty and fplendour* We, 
that it ftruck us much more forcibly than below, and at fir a wcfC-"\i 
a loft to know the caufe; till we obferved with,, aftoniflunenr, tha; 
the- number of the fiars fecmed to be infinitely increaied, and that 
the light of each of them appeared brighter than ufual. The white-, 
nefi of the milky way was like a pure flame that mot across the, 
heavens; and with the naked eye we could obfervc clutters of i"hr\ 
that were totally invifible in the regions below. ''■'<■ did not at frit 
attend to the caufe, nor recollect that we had no a pafled through tea. 
or twelve thousand feet of grofs vapour, that blunts and confutes 
(very ray, before it reaches the furface of the earth. Wc were 
amazed at the diftinctneft of vision, and exclaimed together, Whax 
a glorious fituation for an observatory ! Had fimpedoclei ban* the 
eye* of GallUeo what difcoveriea mall he not have made! We re- 
gretted that Jupiter was not vifible, at 1 really believed we rnight 
Save difcovered tome of his satellite* with the naked eve— oral 
leaft with a {hull glass which X had in my pocket. We cuSfcrveoT a 


BivdonO Ttur thnwgh Sicily and AWw. 


- way below at ©a lb? trv»«atam, which feened to move 
r«jb'i hut whether it WKJ *c Ij>n4i fltou*, or whit U 
o <*y. We likew-ile tool: notice of fevcrmi 
Eicon catted Falliog Stan, which ItilJ appeared to be 
i xtrd abort us aj when too from the plain : Co that in 
move in fT£iani much more remote than 
slut Joint phiiolopber* hero preferibed to ocx «t. 

contemplating ihcfr objeelt for Ionic time, we fee off*, am 
fiu-tr. After i-rivril ut {he toot <>( the great crater of (Jhr rooumho 

*t figure, and riles equally ©n all liiet. 

u coopvifsl (olelv of afhei and other burnt mainj.iU, difcbi 

juo, which i» in it* center. Tliii c« 

I :* ictj picat fixe; iti circtmfcrcace canam lw 

in ten mi lex Here we took a fecood reft, as the mo:> violent 

oar fatigue ilill remained. The mercury had fallen to 20 : a{ 

—We found th>« mnjimin orcellifely ilccpi and although it had 

ippcarei wji 1 lewifc covered wich fuo*. the lurfac 0/ 

. for m) wn» fpread over wka a pretty thick \*\ct of 

<>ct from Had it not brim for tftif, •* 

-it b.-cn able to get 10 the top ; at the fnOw w*i every 

!ij from the piercing cold of the acmofpaere. 

1 climbing, W» arrived aC a place where there 

ait no fro-v, ;iod a wan* comfortable vapour ill*. he mono* 

Ml, which induced e« *.o mike mother halt. Here I roaud the 

f 'he thermometer, tc my amazement, was fallen 

!cw the point of eonfcclaiion t and before we left the 

., it fell two degree* more, vix. to a7.—- fro 1 thm 

yjrd. to (he hjghert farnmu of the moan* 

Mil time, to fee the tnoA wonderful aa4 

, b: in nature. 

■ notion Tuft ever fell fliort ; for no ima^ieition hat 

tared to form an idea cf ro glotiotu and fo magnificent a fccue, 

ere on the furface of thit globe, any one paint that 

•'ful and fobiiaac objceU- — I he immenfe tUvacicea* 

of the earth, drawn ai it were to a Jingle point, 

stighbojrir.y iiicu:.: nn for the Ctnfct and imagination 

from their alioniihincnt in their wuy do*n 

id the worM. Thh point or pinnacle-, Railed on tl«- briail nt a boe*' 

WOfld, often dil'diar^iug river* of i»e, 

ng roefcs, with a notle thai (hakes the whole 

l:i c.e:cnt of the orofpect, com* 

/ ttid the moft bc.utifu 

, advancing :n the call, ta illaaioat* the 


• The ~ Jted cp, and Aiea-cd dimly 

U>d fai ". ifc-ud.— Both fe« and land looked 

dark - ;i0£ from, th'-'ii original chaos t 

tad light .ir-i! dzrftncfs ftcmed Oill urdivi ihr morning by 

4i%tt< In* <epar > 4o tt . - T he tin are 

J*HL«d, a ; ■.■•«•. T 1: fofefU, wW\ Wt ■ 

l ea n ed hlidc *tx.^ 60000^6 £u/j?h«, from vwbeute, uo ra, Wm «- 

J j &etAo& 

i 1 8 Brytancfr 3W tbftugb Sully and Malta. 

fleeted to fhew their form or colours, appears a new ereiflo* fltftg 
to the fight; catching life and beauty from every iocre*afiigl)«mi>— 
The (bene ftill enlarges, and the horizon feems to- widen and expMd 
itfelf on all fides-; till the fail, like the great Creator, appears in 
the eaft, and with his plaftic ray completes the mighty {bene.— Ail 
appears enchantment ; and it is with difficulty we can believe we fare 
frill on earth. The fenfes, nnaccuftomed to fuch objects, are bewfl- 
dered and confounded; and it is not till after (omc time that they 
are capable of feparating and judging of them.— The botty of the 
fun is fecn riling from the ocean, immenfe tracks both of lea and 
land intervening ; the iflands of Ltpaii, Panari, AHcudi, Strombalo, 
and Volcano, with their fmoking raminits, appear under your fcet; 
and yoa look down on the whole of Sicily a9 on a map; and cfea 
trace every river through all its winding, from its fource to its 
mouth. The view is abfolutely bounce); on every Me;' nor Is 
there any one objeft, within the circ!* of vifioa, to interrupt it ; h 
that the fight is everywhere loft in the immenfity ; and lam per- 
m fcftly convinced that it is only from the imperfection of our organs, 
'that the coafts of Africa, and even of Greece, arc not difcovered, as 
they are certainly above the horizon. The circumference of the tit- 
tle horizon on the top of ./Etna cannot be lefs than 2000 miles";' at 
Malta, which is near zco miles diftant, they perceive all the erup- 
tions from the fecond region ; and that ifland is often difcovered 
from about one half the elevation of the mountain ; fa that at the 
whole elevation the horizon null extend to near doable that diftarfce, 
or 400 miles, which makes 800 for the diameter of the circle, and 
24.00 for the circumference. But this is by much too vail for our 
fcnfes, not intended to grafp fo bonndlefs a fcene. I find, indeed, 
by feveral of the Sicilian authors, particularly Mafia, that the Afri- 
can coaft, as well as that of Naples, with many of its iflands, have 
often been difcovered from the top of JEtnt. Of this, however, we 
ieannot boaft, though we can very well believe it. Indeed; if we 
knew exaAly the Height of the mountain, it would be ealy to calcu- 
late the extent of its vifible horizon ; and (wt mtrjm) it its vifibfe 
horizon w« 'exactly a r ccrtained, it would be an eafy matter to eal- 
dilate the height of the mountain. — But the moft beautiful part of 
the fcene li certainly the mountain itfelf; the ifland of Sicily, and 
the numerous iflands lying round it. AH thefe, by a kind of magic 
in vifion, that I am at a lofs to account for, feem as if they were 
brought clofe round the fkirts of /Etna ; the dirt anccs appearirife' re- 
duced to nothing — perhaps this Angular effect is produced from Oft 
rays of light patting from a rarer medium into a denfer; which '(from 
a well known law in optics) to an obferver in the rare medium,' ap» 
pears to lift up the objects that are at the bottom of the denfe erne; 
as a piece of money placed in a b2fon appears lifted' up, fo'foon as 
the bafon is filled with water. ' ■ ■ * ■* ' 

* The RtghntD;ferta t op the frigid zone of j€tna, is thefcrfrebjeA 
that calls your attention. It is marked out by a circle of fnow 4nd 
ice, which extendi on all fides to the diftance of about eight mfkt. 
fb the center of this circle, the great crater of the mountain fea¥t itt 
turning head, and the regions of intenfc cold and of intense heat 
fecm for cvjr to be united in the fame ooint.— On the north fide of 

. :hcy aifane us, that are fcvenl fmaJI hk*s that 
-nd tbtt in rain/ places, tie inuw, mixed ■ 
c mountain, it auorrrulued to an imairaao 
r.K : and indeed I fuppote the of file* o'numtd in fail 

■ c jrclcrvatio* of iu fnowi.— 

• w Dijf'tm i\ imnrdiatdy facctcdcd by tJic 5 the 

..ion , wkica fjrais a circle or giidJc of the mofl beaamfB) 

:ucn fur:cruads ihe mountain, on *ll lidci, and h certainly 

of tbe moft c> Irghe:ui fpou on earth. ThU forma x lemarlubhr 

in% w;tb the d<fcr: region, li ii not fmooth and ctcq tike it c 

-art ot else Utter; but is anely *aritr»:cd by in in£niic 

i tacic beautiful little oaounci -»c been formed by 

""wot erorcions of jEtQj. All thele hive now icqu 

fol degree of fertility, except a very few that arc but newly 
i dut :►. will in liieje ave or fix Hundred years i for il 
i, aires foe. them to ilicir jjicjici degree 

a! perfection. We looked daws into the caters of ibcic, and ii- 
tranpcrd. bet ia vain, to outaSer then 

c circctrilererice of ihii aooe, or great circle on /fctna, i; cot 
left theai.yoor 3d miles. It is every *hcrc fa-c: ceded by the **nc- 
vanst, orchards, and cort-fictdi that compofc the fogis** Cab** Or 
This zone i> owich btoadct tuuii the >. tiicrs, and 
extends on ail 6dcs to the toot of t)ie mountain- lrj whole circam- 
|cr*9CC« according to Krcapero, is if ; milcj. I: 
i number of little conical and fphcrica] rooui' 
:ul variety oHji.hs and colours 

mnded by the tea to the 
-< ;dl, a d >n «il it* other fides by tlie riven S 
n:ara, which i\tool\ run round it. The wh z of 

.a\ their beautiful windings through 
, t!:c favourite poftlfon rf Ci 
frene of tnc iapr or 
: -;*■) ;i ittle farther, and you emlwace the ■ ; &d, 

, riven, aod moo.-»uini. 
l#f^a!6ic . all the adjacent jtf and-, (be whfk v*»au\ cf h»i.< 
etc ua ;eict ; fvr it is nowhere bounded, 
tie's t1r»l ri 

"ic fca. ar.d in the air. By Jc^; i 

•ic, is confined only to the nc 
I tint? to e.iJinrnc a fourth region ot 
i->lccd» from ilic other*, and prodociive of i- i 

/. given being to jU tae reli ■, I 
ncit cbe region ci are- 

: iris iBimcnfc i-uKino ii ■ ut 

aides »f i -ii on 

CKli 6de # ;.- i w t «U t i\3' 

. . . • ■ 

loci . imxedU: 
mlU d:iR-n :\r hJe of tj^c mnui 
\ /Mrt of th? iirjjrVTpIiere of the fai 

I ■♦ 

120 TSrydont't.riurtbrmigbSufymtfM*** — 

with itfelf, h OcM-erncirtEeto^ 

air, according to tke dirtBiou of the »N ;, wttich, WMlUfdfetMli^ - 
carried it exa&ly in the opposite fide to that n Inn M ■■.iillisni idli ; 
The crater is To hot, ihatatis vert cUngemn*. ifrnot, JEapgftUe, taeA 
go down into it; bdide*, the ijnojse is »ery jpcominp^joy. ji^jWj 
many places, the furface is fo fofc, that them have hen fiiiwa ojjj 
people finking down in it, and paying for their temeriw wJta t 
lives. Near the center of the crater is the great mouth 6F t 
cano. That tremendous gulph Co celebrated in all ajes, loo£e 
as the terror aad kourge both of this and another luV; ana equally 1 
vfeful to ancient poets, or to modern divines, when thc'Mflft.-or' 
when the Spirit inspires. We beheld it with awe and with hunut, 
and were not furpnfed had been considered as the place of toe • 
damned. When we think of the immenGty of its depth, the vaft 
cells and caverns whence fo many lavas have iflued ; the force of. it* - 
internal fire, to raifc up thefe lavas to (6 vaft a height, to fupport it I 
as it were in the air, and even force it over the very fammit of tw *- 
crater, with all the dreadful accompaniments ; the boiling of iSe 1 '' 
matter, the making of the mountain, the explofions of rUicmw 
rocks, &c, we moil allow, that the molt enthufiaiuc imagiaaritoPtt 
the midft of all its terrors, hardly ever formed aa idea of a bell>i&cfs») 
dreadful.' :? 'jus: " 

What aA exquifitedefcription baa our ingenious Author give* 
us of his afcent to the fummit of this fupremely glorious aad ' - 
dreadful mountain ! We fee every thing which he law, we fee \ u 
all that be felt, we fliare in his fatigues, and we partake of his 
raptures. Indeed, Mr. B. the Reviewers, their Readers, a»4 
the public in general, are highly obliged to you, for the delight 
you have afforded them ! 

Our traveller's recital of the circumftances attending his de- 
scent from &tna, and return to Cattania, .with his philosophical 
obfervations on the feveral phenomena, and fubjeds in natural 
hiftory, which prefented themfelves to his view, would afford 
our Readers an entertainment almoit equal to that of his */#*rwr 
upward? — but we muft defift : the temptation, indeed, is great i 
but we are not to forget the fcanty limits of our pamphlet. 

The remainder of this firft volume is taken up wjth/ tne par- 
ticulars of Mr. B's voyage from Catrama to SyracuCt ; fiom 
thence to Malta ; and from Malta to Agrigeiimm : compre- 
hending h>s entertaining defcriptions of the feveral cities and 
countries, and their inhabitants. .. 

In the fecond volume, he continues his' account of the 
Airigentiniy ancient and modern * and then proceed*, <fcy land, 
to Palermo, his favourite city ; in the praifes of which -he is by 
no* means fparing. His defcription of Palermo includes^ a* gce^t : " 
variety of obfervations on the manners, cuftoms, law$,'ficT ot. 
the Sicilians, with the natural hiftory and antiquities 'w^ey^ 
country: alfp a curious letter on comets; in which tlae. wef y^ 
ingenious W/iter endeavours to fubjeel thofe cclcftial warwcicra,- 


to tfci,ki»l 1 U-4ifft'*«V-— *'or «IJ thtle particulars wctrwft 
r-iVr to- the wock. Ufclt ; whkh coociudea with the Author 1 * 
rcturto to Napie**. 

Ai*Sww. if cor Readers ate plcafrdwith our e.tra&s ffrwri 
jbcfclmm.mmy, i to the delight we hai 

fa! of tbe -whole, r':- ink it qui 

"otr comutiis rnoregooj 
ic ;:> v.uictji of cntrnjutyucjit, than U fc .- i i -«;/■' '••;'• n I ' — n truth, we catwiot, 

.c4iurccolkd wwthat caa b-put in competition with it. 

.ill. VktUviifOr+r\ a Poetical £fty, in Three CMtft, 
4 w. I j. 6 J. Dodfitf. i 

1:d little Poem, which fhev«a tl : Ai tbi 
a O«i ferine ! tafte, th- 

us a principle of virtu:, oil (lut maxim re- 
corded bj the lace Mr. Shcnftonc, fcuu felt and ackAowMgol- 
by ta>t pKiioiopatr* ot the academic fchool ■, vix. that mi ob* 
wcrnt connexion may be traced between moral a ltd phvficit- 
fceautv, the iore of i)mmetry, and the love ol 

The Pbem i divide into three canttw. \\\ the firft th^ Lot* 
te" Owlet it represented as i principle of ▼*?; |e in every 

j:m i . ii every flaee and evert fljfion of lift. 
I tdUowlag Itntt arc ftroAjl) chanftertftie, and clofc *M| 
c« fremiti's obfcrvai^ii : 

■Vhen Reaitm firft begtna to dawn, 
See the poftr fehool boy r.mnd the bwn, 

Is circle* '■ rrsr. 

Hi* w&nton plaj. fellow* purfue. 

In roaabex'd ilcps they (cap. or run ; 

ilod end rhr race afc ew iftaty begun. 

Of newtjtem plscing on the ground 

. .- cixe-piot iquuo, their marbles roood 3 

11 tkeli uifljr.j; fports you'll fee 

:tr am! regularity. 

aifc, wbrn vinaaudy sncttVd, 

. principle improVd wc tind. 
H ufemeera, gcltum, perfOo, drcfa, 
A* bamooy of fool evprcfc : 
With care cacb facial duty paid t 
A oant uffladici laid ; 

AnJ oook* i« decent order pls«.*.i ; 
i)»fpljy th<- mtfi#Uol"lii* talU. 

• JJi* UA t<»< r JcnourKC) 1 of miking fotoc e*cu.-Jjt;;i» 

through tkat klficgdom . j:il feenii to proinife hit corrctfjuodentvan 
acejOBM Of* wkat«*rr migfcr occur, tail fhould b* drem > 

Xii rrat«4'a otftrratioah Hccce we may txpt I 10 twi" ^te 



" '-in 

< Bat tbo6,tfa*foi*J^Of^ lifter ' 
Prove truant* too arans Virtue's fchaiL >**{*>■ 
Whilft fuch their midnight vigils kc*p, «t»U| W 
. And revel, when they ;ougot toflesfrt n frr , il.o 
Their looks, their drcisfrora hao4 to-. £*#»*;. .^ v - 
A dimabilleofcondoafliow. li , « "Wi* :j,v; 
Thus on a fea of ptfioos tot, ^.' |l. 

The ballaft of tte fool is loft *• J !% " 

• t Then vice and anarchy abound ; 

And Reason's voice in tomolr 's drownM. ' ' *' ' 
'. * In age, when life begins to wane, • ■ '• ■'* 

- This vmnoos habit ftrcngth will gain ; 
Bach -day, each hbor, its duty knows 3 v * 
And life mechanically flows.. 
He Hies, reads, eats, walks, or rides ; 
" • His dock each ftated motion guide?. 

He coenn his fteps beneath 1ns wall ; . :: ^ * 

Or takes twelve tons along the hall : 
\ He dines at Three, he fops at Nine ; 

•* •* He takes three pipes, three enps of wine j • ' 

And, in ftria rales faprcmcly bicft, • • '* 

Goes early, with tbt mmS p to reft. . . 

% The fsur Cofmeli*, from a child, ' 

la corious heaps her play- things pi I'd ; • 
From four years old to toll fourteen, 
Each doll and painted toy was feeu 
In Order in her clofet fet, 
And form'd a perfect cabinet. 

1 Lo I now in lavender fhe wraps 
Her aprons, handkerchiefs, and caps ; 
And, neatnefs with her years increahng, 
(The Love of Order never ceafing) 
Her regularity of tafie 

Preferves Cofaelia prim and chafte? . 
Difdaining to become a wife, 
She keeps immaculate through life 
Her deaths— and virgi a purity ; 
And dies a maid at fixty-tbrec. «" 

1 So flrong in age this love we fiad, 
That oft' the fuperficial mind 
Miitakcs it for that odious vice, 'I v 

By all detefted, Avarice. 

* When on his lleeve in finning rows > 

His pins the careful Prifeo {hows ;■ * ■ • »*•:•• 
Or when, to feed his fowls one fees in ■£. 
Him'fave the paring* of his cheefe, 'k 

Collecting fcatter'd crumbs of bread ; 
Or, when he fcolds his fervantNed, - 1 ' 

For Wvifhing his horfe*s meat, 1 - 

. Or leaving (craps — he cannot eat; • ■"'• "• ! 

You think him fordid— No fuch matters h -i 
I know the worthy Prifeo better. -v 

TU Im Pf Qwr % d<Wiu*E?;jHt. 


tlif firt* place, jpy Obr^ 
\\ hen crumb* for chicken's meat he hoard*, 

IFroea *tat 1 fc:l rey&Jf) 
' no: off 
What >n theft ' neVnce 

Tkinjp not *ppl> 'J lo proper ufcs . 
frifco. lh< ! rofafc IJ4 

Who th.'ew in hilt* burnt match a- 

Vet to colk&iott! at his Jvor 

G*»c fifty pouad* — to feci :fcc poo;." 

the fccorul radio wc m«ft with An ufeful hint, toward 
tbc modern unnxnting fondue 
girdeqing, &c. *co.« in panic ii with an lundfamc COmplinM 1 
Chatham'* well-known fafte, in the mttctf iLiaJud to : 

• Thft.ig»i Pi«. in hit A It**, 
..-,'% nvairrtf line purfuc* ; 

Audi Icetchjing with a • .ill, 

Coatufis each f rorc or*! rtfivf kill ; 
AnJ. from raiiciy of dui 
With one gram? W*fr our faccy warm* ; 
Yet let bo ■ I >!fc# 

[pofc OL';. ,CJ[ 

In ufifntly oaf 

And ; ■ . ■ ■ 

The ftratdeor cr :kc charrai of Hajw,' 
In the laft canto, the deviation* (ton* rvjJcr, OCcaSoeed by 
licpjffioBS are accounted for a;id ckferibed, For intlancc: 

infaflon !■ each face 
And be. :: Rncl fcol4. 

Rire »f he' Ha'Mr.g eye* tpj; 
And 1 5t orTecd* our car*. 

Smnen mi^ht think, from looks fo u3U, 
'6 lo* her iiulhand, or her chiL 1 . 

. foriCCir: 

Ha* broke a fiocej, or 

fa ^ould i. 
Another to smflift ttn JtK 

• Thodgh rhu* livla f orim and raiZi j * 
The Low c-f <Mcy till prfraib; 

So noch 0* *r/«vt' , 'J, 

All banncay »2tl. 

(to fyllcii »l ir^ ; 

few. when 'i .1 

nay, w« ior, 

J*fOOuce Irrcjflla/ity.' 


lit n#.£mgfCMr; * ptt'utl Efifli. .. ... 

The condufien does honour to the AwhorVbo* ar'a mo- 

»Kft tod ttw poet:- r. - , •■ i-^TlS 3HfP 

« O ! flea, with care, my worthy -ftiennV -<• -** J. 
Thb rating principle ttttjn. -.. a ./J : , n3 ,; ,fi*qv- 

WhilH yet Within your youthful brcail . % : ,;-- ,i<j. q'^i/on-cv 
Face, Harmony, tad Order, reft ; I V*S13 

. ^ . Your foul no vicious impuUb knows J. \ (I j, i " v ,-.. - 
No paffidn ruffle* your repofc. . . , r . ' ,, v ' 

Midft diffipaTion'i baneful force,' % -' "' "" 

(OF vice aH* infamy the fouree) : ' : ' *** < i : *" 

Thepledge of Virtue's empire, ftrive - **roft?«* 

i To keep this veftal flame alive ; J -«wi y*ir; 

a..' ■ • Which Wy, battling fcenes no left ■ ikiqw* 

y v* M > . May quench, than fbapeleis Idlcnds. i . :-xrc ft if 

. .1 ,j. .*. I^t Reaibn at the helm prendc, . v*vm wrfc 

,...,. ,_A»d ev.'ry thought and action glide : ,,.: rf efKJ 

Jit her m a int a in her fov'reign fway ; 
* l , FaJSon and appetite obey : . - . 

* '" JjCt Fancy gua ybor lcifnre-hours ; "\ \ 

Adorn, not rale, the mental pow'rs. ' "•'" - T 

* Nor let me damp that gen'rous fire, ".^' i; 

Which beauty's various charm* infpire ; .- "•>:• 

Which troth and fymmetry impart >j .» : 

In tutwari forma to win the heart : 
In beauty's fcale each object fcan» . ;i -I 

From lifeleft matter up to man : .:.i9. 

With ftatues, columns, feaft your eyes ; 
But let your tafte fuperior rife, , " '** 

With nobler raptures taught to trace 
' The fair** moral charms, that grace ' J,r '' 

A foul from lawlefi paffion free, ■»■ -*» 

A lift of Regularity. »nl 

Such be your life ; nor think 1 preach \ 
Thefe maxims ancient {ages teach. .-Hi 

No frowns feverc their pupils frights , : ;:: 

, .. But Virtue, drawn in faireft light, 
To Truth and Harmony ally'd. 
With fmiling Beauty by her fide ; 
True Pleafurefets before our eyes, , - " . " 
And to be happy makes us wife. 

c Thefe obvious truths then keep in view ;* - ■*"* • • 
Through life thefe maxims fage phrfue. ^ •»' an" 1 

Each morn plan oat the future day j. . :■• s n- t .. 

Each night your actions paft fnrvey a • 
And rtgulmrly " with the fun, . 
Your conftam flage of duty run. 9 * 

... * Thus by the Love nf Order Jr«\, . . 

I" Life's thorny.path you'll Tafely 'tread i . 

Tranquillity'your nourslhill blefs^' " 

. AndYirtu-eleadtoHapfinc(i/ " " ; '"'•"• ' '- r "- 


- *» :v 


[ "5 3 

Ai- Ey farm Armlbcmfr. M. D. PhjfidaJ to 

410* i i* Id. Davie*, i; 

THESE Eflavs are rtErtra in number, and make up near 
tbtrtyftvm P*g«» large pnn:«—Wc thai), with nil due 
refpecl, attend Dr. Artaihong through tbc whek of this volu- 
minous publkation, 

i Efiat I. Of Theory, From this eflavwe leant, • that tbc Jil 
corcrr of the circulation of the blood hat been of no real ui« 
eo the healing arts that the operations of medicines aie rnyftc- 
rici; and trur i: is 2a abfurdiry to attempt to explain thefc 
mjftcries: toat fecretion is anotner myflcry, abou; which you 
may puzzle and blunder a» lung as you pleafc, to no kind of 
purpose : and, finally, that ft* man of fenjf, and inch only can 
be a good phyfician, will long arnute tiimfcJf with ifce theory 
•Iter engaging in the practice of the art." — Alier l"u. 
pona, who cowld think that Dr. Armllrong, before he came % to 
the end of this little eiTay, would bimfelr ftJI into the depth* 
of (he moS nsyitcrious tneoxy ? ■ For my part, fays Di. A- J 
am humb!y of opinion that every gland bas an occult I 
magkal power* inexplicable to the human facul . tramf* 

firming ibe blood which pullo ihxQugh its fabric into this or 
that particular bumoar.' 

— Xvtvram fuuc rtptBat, 

Efcy II Of the I*$rmenu tf rhffk. « The great inflni- 
menu of phy&c are, bleeding, vomiting, and Wittering; fuch 
evacuation as are produced by ineieaGnf; ihe natural dj/charges| 
and a lew capital fpecific medicines, fu p urn, mercury, 

aotimonj, and the Peruvian bark/ And, wkh refpecl to#;. 
terttivu, our Author lays, * there arc many rcafons for fupuo* 
fing the moft violent cathartics and emetics, and even i&me 
polices, in fmall dofe*., the belt alteratives/ 

FxTsr III. Of Fevers. * Nervous, putrid, bilious, petechial 
or mi lie , they are all of the fame family ; and in this great 
town tbefe arc alrn<ift the only fevers that have for many yean 
perilled, and do (till, to the graar definition of mankind/ — 
Dt. Armllronr, who fij cord^lly CCH .. here 

again relapfe* into the finful frailty cf ihccriliog. Tbefc fevers 
uifc ftom 1 feaftl ecrixaxy ; the blood is deprived of its whole- 
some balsamic down by a fep- 
t'*c fpirit, a deleterious gns. — I beta aie tbc chief ^Formation* 
whkh we receive from this- cfiay. 

, j IV. and V. Of BMing. In thefe two tfflys Dr. A. 

reforms us, that Weed >fibly necelTaiy In »JI genuine 

inflami . that a <m*il c ten away from ■ large 

orifice, and fo fuddrnly as to occaflon fwoontng, has a more 

feet in checking tnc inffarr matron, than a larger 

1 26 Armflrong*/ Medical Ejfaysi 

quantity taken away From a fraall orifice: and that in. tbofir 
cafes where bleeding is not indicated, it is very prejudicial. 
* I am pofitive, fays Dr. A. it is talking very hiucfi* within 
bourn*; to fay , that many more Engliftmehdie'by the lartdefat 
horhe,- fhan by the fwprd*' abroad/ '- A 

Eflay VI. Of Blsjttrthgi Thk mighty eflay conflfts * t**€P 
teen lines ;. where we are iufor/ncd, that in a .■catarrhaus- r ftSrerj 
and , in a oleurffy, bliftiers often £ive* relief ; but that Hi 1 "row 
fevers, they are of little or no ufe — Dr. A. adaV, « fr*1i 
Hot the faftion to blifter upon the breaft, the ftonwdv,' oV tfoj 
abdomen ; but it is highly probable that many Ccvtre ana 1 8ttf 
gerous complaints of the vifcera contained in thofe parts \tft$il 
be greatly relieved if* not removed by Wittering upon intra? 
At leaft it might be worth while to try fuch an ex>etirh<*lt| 
especially as there is nothing hazardous in It/ * - * *™ 

Wc pretend not to determine what fpecles of blifteririg tmty 
be the moft fajhionable ; but this we knotfr, that blifters areWjf 
commonly and very fuccefsfully applied to the breaft, thVfltau 
mach, and every other part of the abdornert, where either local 
inflammation, or other topical affections call for thctr affiftattceV; 
■ EffayVn. Of Cordials in Fevers. Where the' fever is of fcdi 
a nature that cordials are 1 indicated, our Author juftly obferVes-. 
that wine will be found the mod efficacious ; and thai when 
the patient is not ablfc to Avallow, they may be adminiftcxed 
cither in the form of pfedilavia or fomentations. ' 

We moft heartily concur with our Author in his eighth efli$ 
in recommending cleanlinefs* and the free acctffs of frtfti air,' 
in fevers. 

Effay IX. OfBatk'm* in Fevers. « Cool and old, fay* Dr.'A. 
1 take to be two capital antifeptics ; and where frtjb air is 'riot 
fufficient, 'aid Hvater may be worth trying, or at leaft cbn- 
£dering. '• 

4 In inflammatory fevers this practice to be Cure is ■ quite 
out of the question ; for no man in his fenfes would ever' 
thinlc of ufing the cold bath in any fhapc, when the vital poWeri 
are already too violent. One would not be in a hurry to'try 
the hot, or even the warm bath, in thofe fevers. But there aft 
fevers of the low kind in which they might probaWy he" iffcrf 
with fome fuccefs. Warm, or hot baths, impregnated 'wMf 
aromatic vegetables, with fpirituous and fermented 1iqubVs{ 
strnongft which I include vinegar, feem to be very propefi'ob- 
je&s of experiment in fuch cafes. 

* For my part, I have no experience of the ufe tof bathr* 
either cold, hot, or warm, of fea, fait, or frefh water, in 'any 
kind of fevers. But there can at leaft be no great harm in! 
pointing out a field, that as far as fevers are concerned, an^oUr* 
intelligence extends, has hithefta lain alrritfft* intirdv* n*g- 
V 8 lcaedi 

AiraSraag*' MtJluii Ejfyti t2 j 

fcSflai; though very poJEbly it might be cultivated to'ibmt aJ- 

A\ Dr. Armftrcn^'s ic*Jlo^ aivl exj tr- 

ust Rejects, appear to be fo very limited, wc (hail rccom- 
racnd lo hia careful pcri.fa] Dr. GilctuilVs uletul Obierva- 
uons en the Advantage* of twwwr fasbi*f t in 1 
kluVUod'* «©ic tremendous (chenic uf f*ur.£r.-it;«ng fevers, 
bokU/ drenching ihe psticnt both cxte.-ni^y and internally with 

In the 3ub Kftar* Dr. Armflrong 1* a ftrenuous advocnttrfot 
taw indulgence of tooic it* ange longings, or un-ular ap^iiwj, 
which £rrquenity occur in lexers. 

in the Xlth and Utt Lliay we have, $«w **#•*&, m */*-#** 

mtf Mmmsrifn.— Here »« Icam, k ihat ilic f»«f artfrt franMr 

Jwkad4**imsvf j that the tlnni* jbnmttijm pto-rceds tarn a Mr/ 

■ :ed about iliel.gamcnts. <ifil>cjui,-ir.. Mid ibfefrn- 

htte membranes that brace the BiaYcki and - 

•A the ihcuiiiflt fixi, edr* 

JavWij ©t~ mere prcJiurc' — £fyj/, £»£#, Dr. Arm 
S*fc% d u»» « that *w ww rf f**f* will long aari 

riioafelf with (he theory after cngagl 

to what fiimfy and pucxi. -i>an- 

i o ihdc cfiT* our meek and mcdefl Ion of VKlcuJapigi has 
fubicincd a m< J it- 

nd ** mis appeal ib indeed .ie and 

colloCted c i-iucin'-, wefiiaU uanftcri 
* Kut enough \j\ this at psefent ; and what furlhtr rvbft/va- 
tienuor co.-i|cc!urrs upon medical fubjtda th< .cfc 

f.fTaitnuy fcntuic to cxpofc to th; deferred 

ten ill ofanothixi 

tbefc liHlo-KCar* l^way 
of > —Upon honourbextor* no: — ! oi 1 

tare '^li.tZ fc 

a tew fiterdu and artjoaimantea-i wfcorn fce commonly 
ind$ fufficient 'emp9ovment.tofecttrr Mm rrotn the melatKhofy 
hnrwnr 0/ itMene- r<mind« mult 

aaui rally haunt ■ i.p.\tr^ri.--'J bough he could ncjhcr 

- heap n( rmpmatni l#e» >;i hi* own I'tiifc, wherevef he 
«tm . Ie9| wdr 1 tare, rni>*h iclt »lh- 

w, with tfwnkoJOfi «#')** 11 infi.iii. Knelv ttnpid, 

well bred irnpcitin^ot, gooJ i malicious obliging de- 

rrrclling. < . 1 fwitm with 

people that v» ^r ^ miglity 

fcoaft to any one that b sot a • acepaimod w^K 

e^trfrwwn io !h« be m-jht h«v« i*onrfw» •f. i n»*- 


rzt A rmft rong'j Medical Ejjliyu 

phjfic.— Moft certainly he could— But that his Ambition had a 
great many years ago received a fatal check from a tickfMh test 
of fpirits, that made him afraid of a Bunnefi in which he found 
himself expofed to much anxiety, and a croud of tcizjng ass* 
comfortable mortifying circumftances ; to be encountered at ait 
hours, and in every kind of weather. But for that diftempcrad 
eacefs of feofibility he might have been as much renowned as 
aJmoft any Shack— notwithstanding even his having imprudently 
•abiifhed a lyftem of what every body allows to be found phy- 
Jc— only indeed that it was in verfe. However, it is wall that 
tome particular people never reckoned him the worfe phyfician 
for all that.— And, as It is become the fafhion to praife one* 
sals— -Though he does not fay that nont »f bit patients dit \ he 
haft (bate reafon to believe, that in proportion to mimbenv 
whether from (kill or good-luck, not many phyftcians have bear 
snore succefsful in the management of dangerous and difficult. 
cafes.*— Moft probably indeed from good-luck ; as he has new 
been remarkable for it in any thing elfe. — In the meantime he 
has heard that his character, as a phyfician, has been ungena- 
loufly nibbled at by people of his own profetfion ; which he un» 
derftands has had its intended effect upon fome gentry, who it 
teems are too fhallow in the knowledge of human nature, of 
mankind, and even of the world, to have obferved that pcopta* 
of the fame bufinefs zrcfimtiima not very fond of one another \ 
and that to be an object of detra&km in fuch cafes is no flan! 
of inferior abilities. However, to comfort and fupport htmmtf 
under the dark hints of fuch illiberal enemies ; it is natural fa* 
him to recollect that there zxtjiillfome GentUmtn of the faculty, 
who have candour and gencrofity enough among ft themfelvts 
to give him all reafonable credit, even as a phyfician. But the 
lies of malice are more liftened to, and circulate much fafterV 
than the fair reports of good-nature. 

■ So much at prefent for bis hiftory as a phyfician — A* an 
Author too his fate has been somewhat particular. — His having 
written a Poem upon a fuhjed reckoned of no inconfidcraMe 
confluence to the health of mankind was, as fome" fay, fuas-j 
cicnt alone in this age and meridian, to have ruined him as ay 
Phyfician. At the fame time, from the treachery of one Book- 
feller after another, it is true enough what one of his friends, 
gueflcd not long ago— that though his works, as he called them* 
had J$ld grtttily \ he did not believe they had all together brought 
him near (o much as has often been made by one play that de- 
ferved to have been* damned. 

* To put an end to this detail of misfortunes and complaints 
in which the public is very little intcreftcd 'That his long fu£* 
ferance and contemptuous filenoe may not for ever, by the aroft 
muddy whs, be miftaken for an acquiefccncc in the fmm* de- 

Armftror>g\ M&alEjfyt. 


\a\ by idijii Crttui , h [i 

Uiw.i ioJ|xiaI/ ,. v.vU out «v 

I jv, or - 

a 4 



;:c— Bus ti.ic • Y t\*Ufa 

, bxrrcn, hc&vy Udpucn, f|j|f 

come to b- J.'- ^tJ l: 

the mob, ihcy infuk a.-.J tin [| -i, i'j- 

bc i by the very, 

: milled, -i 

ppcan to be t hit fl tot;- . i o i •. . -iong 

Uun ; wliy pr*i| 


And foaie fay, th .rnan 

.*. ■'/ to pals fentrnce 3jj; : ■:■ * ;i i:cv. 
chc' ol g i uua 

I i (aci-/»jirt ri* — Such an: :!: ■'.. . . u\* 
public upon 


. . mcifnu 

th Jw)go h*vc in - '.•!.••■! i iidvci 

» ...:cd with cl'i .. .,»L.i 

t. An 

• t' 


^ Jcij 







A XT, 

t »3* J 

Art. X. The M$aomt*t in Arcadia ; a Dramatic Poem i« T*o AcTsy 
By George Keate, Efq. 4 to. a s» Dodfley* , 1773. 

*+"*HfeRE irst simplicity of intereft, fcenery, and charade* 
."X ' m this little Poena > which render it truly Arcadian * alft 
the claffical air aiTumed by the Paftora] Mufe gives her a very - 
graceful appearance. The fiery is simple and tender. In the 
wars between the Lacadsemonians and Achaiaiia, Doraftus, a 
rich (hepherd of Arcadia, has the misfortune to be plundered of 
his daughter, at that time an infant and an only cbHd.v TBe- 
inconfoTable father treS a a monument in fame melancholy • 
ibade, to indulge the memory of his misfortune, and facrificr 
to his forrows. On the monument was this infeription, Et 
in Aacadia Ego. 1 too was of Arcadia. The loft daughter* ', 
however, returns with a Spartan lover, comes to celebrate her 
nuptials in thefe very (hades, and is recognized by announcing 
the name and circumftances of her Arcadian nurfe with whom 
&t had been carried off by the Spartans. At firft bearing of the 
kermiticailife or" Doraflui, (he goes wilh her lover and a train- 
of Arcadians, : whereof Mufidorus was the chief, to visit him. 

Tkt Stem* ipexing difcovtrs a Wood* Jm the Middle of the Staff is # 

Monument, with a Stat** of a Kjmpb Iting en 'it,- Ufien iu ■ , 
Bafe appears this Infeription, in large Cbaraacri k . '- 


DORASTUS ifjetm/ondiag mar the Tenth, with a Bajta •fFleavm \ 

in ait Hood, f aging the following • \ 

A. JL ** . > V] 

My woes. O McmVy ! ceafe to trace; mj ' m 

Ah I enrfe no more toe Spartan race ! " ■< 

Come meck-ey'd Patience, calm my mind*- ' 

And make it to itt fate refign'd. — 

Thii fancy'd form, this empty tojqb .. -, { . 

Relieves the rigoor of my doom. "i u ', 

. DELIA, DAPHNE, ami LA UiR *> 

MuSID. Behold (he good old man-! On the tfilliidr* 

How {weedy floats bis plaintive voice 1— -— Betide 
This wood be dwells, and hereat fetting-fhap ■ '.' 
Sings his accuftom'd dirge, as Mcm'ry drops." "'*. 
A figh d*er happier scenes that time hath clos'd. 

Lys Ait. Say» what yon pilewhkh he, beftnswbwrthfldw'ra i* 
It seems a tomb, and that fairicuiptm'drvoraa > 
Declare* ic fuch.; as does the epitaph,-' abhd \W 
** I toe ivoj am Arcadia*" .. i* .jl>3.i*| ba ', 
Mut 1 d. He bew**>'' y 
* Audaoghter torn away, oa whom he built , J -\ -^^\ ^ ,y 
The comfort of hi*, age ; .it it iqi -hex 
This mourafalnile jaj jrcarM, thefe rites per form 'd.— 

?i„ ' • ■•• ^j- i » tJ. .-At ?. Bar 

let esaot 


Bat (rift '—A moment end* then; 
Uiit'e hii privacy. 

[7*ir| fop nii'tJ m tntJUt if ikifaf, 

>ORASTUS *«rtarj r*< <^ f ftmeitg th Ptnimi r$**Jd t 7«*;, 

e fpifit, peue fee tbtnc! 
is tad office Itill be mine; 
c fond txuxk» of lotc roc-: 
All m drooping Tire cut gnr. 

&•/, Lvjamih J/fyvrfit avf/AMusiooRci;— E^rMf- 
,?mm «^ Laura. 5*/ of in fin t ktt Ejti •* lU 

?"*f y#jrf t*4tJttk*j tuhxwtt, 

rVh'iii>. Good cv*t, DifAirv?, 
rid heard be ill thy oiiiooi !— Behold 
ng wit a xnc a pair, who even now 
At yaodcr confecrafeH altar feal'd 

The bond of wedded faith- tit n their Wont, 

Beyond the Jbuthern mountain* 9 but iltfirc 
* thefc our plains hath n/g'd their. (Icpi 

■uli u». Lut they (ue 

Yoejr grace and welcome; and will prove. 1 j 1 ! - 
Worthy your coortefy.— Their bridal bed 

Mr dauj;ii;cri have prepaid t i*nJ I myfrlf 
Shall be their this ; iiiipuKV 

Hath won me to their fcivicc. 

k. Stranger* here. 
Each mark of boipiolity mnfl charm ; 
And fooch co fay, this our kii d patron*! carp 
JIatb far out.lrip'd my hope.— -Mi^ht wc obtain 

*n, refjxcieJ Hermit, nothing 
Remains rocroun our fortune. 

Doras, If ihe bicfiing 
Of an old man by many a forrow v. 
AraJ bcjw'd b) ma of a year, can aughi avail, 

rate it, freely taie ir. May the aft 

Of this lair day fee profper'd ! nay a length 

-pp-ocit be your* I a virtuoua race 
To both endear the world ! and all your pat lit. 
Your ev'niug paths of life, be fprcad uith rVVf* 
That trrvcr grew In Dior! 

1.TSAK. Ah! much I r 
That your'i hare prov'd uneven I For y«ur rtifhej 

it sic your debtor. My BVrniWM too, 

M> bride fai.I thaa* you ; fur her heart is gentle, 
And grateful at the fiow'r char payi wit'a fweco 

1 h« geo»aJ foearar/*! bounty ! 

4Jrr*rar/c Burnt mi a. Ar/a/j htr looting ttwaa /i* Tvxl viritla 
m ntl*weiniy Aurmtatm. 

Ha ! ray lore-, 

Whence thU arouc ' why doft thou Ur.d thy fi^ht 

K a 


*3* The Monument in Atca&s* 

On yonder^toinb? and wherefore op, thy brow- " 

Sits a defcxiptive forrow, that hath flraok 

The luftre of thine eyes, and damp'd the joy 

Which fparkled there but now ?— Say, . why ii this J , , 

What the ftrange caufe ? ' 

EifPHHU. The caafe is. in myfelf*, 
O my Lysanper I I have fbofd my fenYe . 
With vifionary hope, and now awake 
To meet my error. 

Ltsan. Nay! explain, EuFHrss'tW 
Eufhem. This good man's figh has op*d my eyes \ this fccne- 
Of death has andeceiv'd me.— Blind to thiulc 
That there was any ground where mortals tread 

On which affliction walks not ! Ev'ry clime . 

Engenders human woe ; and fam'd Arcadia * 
Is pregnant with the. fame diiaftroui fortune 
That other regions know. 

Doras. Our HTe, fair lady, 
Mnft needi be chequerM thus. 

liTSAN*. Alas! my lore, 
Let us enjoy the good, nor with vain fearck 
Anticipate misfortune r com'e it will. 
Though Wifdom ftand as guard ; and e'en tftefe fliadu* 
Muft sometimes own its pow'r. 

Euphbm. Miftaken maid! 
Is this the land where pleafiire only reign'd ? 
Was it for this I pae'd (b long a way i 
Abandon'd Sparta i and fo far allur'd 
Thy wand'ring fleps Lysander, here to meat 
The face of forrow N— Where is that content,. 
Abanthb boafted ? Where that peace, Die ftrd 

Should greet our coming ? Ah ! could flic- deluded 

That hone (he fo long nouriuVd ? »*., * n* 

Doras. Heard I aright ? . Ii( . lt 
Or did falfc founds abufe me ?— -—Spake yon not . , 
Of Sparta, and Aranthe, courteous ladyf 
Pray yqu fay on ; for to my ear you utter*cV ""' -— — 

A name well known. Arahthi ! knew yun hfrh <■„ 

And lives (he yet ? .1 ' • . 

Lvs a n. Ah no! (he hna more! 
With pious hand thefe maidens ciosM faer tyu, i fc 

Bathing her corfe with tears. ■ ,1 

Euphem. In her.I^ofl^ ^ - 
. ' The bed of women, whofe indulgent care ; '' " n/^ 

No time fhall wear away. Her lateft wifiV " : ▼ W 

Was I fliould fcek Arcaoia, where herfelf .^j«q 'i 

Had fometime known a happier deftiny * • - r- J j 
' Than Sparta's walls afforded. - • ■ •• • ..poi 

Doras. You are then - '•■T.iylat ' 
Her daughter doubtlefs j you perhaps have olfc lo , u of 
Heard her rela t e ' , . ^ 

Lyfen? en mttrmittitf Ftvm% T>t*i>fm % fifft ijj 

iod Hermit, you miftake; 
] in InOUth tnfjny a y*ftf 

■ i> deem d. till her ml breath unvcil'4 
, and decfaj'd J (vu a pi 
I uuucJ 10 her C4ic in,i:.i >(j.*s, 

t W« * Uuc - I tiiMihS COM ; ' 

— and 1 had w*Jk'i 
- *OrlJ a f rpbajlj and ;!uf\C| 

I at for this vir:u-u> yculh, to v-ho^i We riv'o 
That lovi. . claim ■! - Due wjij c 

I ICM-k d i a*e> 

ibl< i:. thine C;,C .' 

O Nature '— N-turcf 
Who *hh tliy pO* rJ'tl, anJ mvjliWe hand 
&**Vl| rv. uac with luroulf.— cm I think 

Thr ilxir foreboding* of a tVrie? 

A.-e r;i*'d or IcJt in vain i Tae ilroLt'i too great ! 

'*u your arm a tnocacnt. Yo— it mutt— 

Tbofc feature* wr : [nathl — 

There cannot be deceit. It li- Ei 

My lang-Ioil child rcftor'd. 

Et»mtn, AU-ruliBjj goo* I 
ilavc >e upheld mc through the n: 

;n '-wug, und onfcacavu, in tb.ii faj bad 
To £uide me :o a parent .' 

In**. Alls expJwYd j 

Sbc long your coming, h 

Some chance might bring abuvt this b;efl event 

Th* ii ;'»d» have cmfperM,— - 

There I* a picture .of Pooffin'* reprefeming fome Arcadian 
bepitfda and ibcphciilcHc-, who conicropUtc a monument, on 
•rhi. nfeription, E r t\ Ajk:adia Kuu; and 

| jtdc drama :s pio/cflcJJ/ founded upon it. 

AtT, \I. */«« fchnaMtg Fcv*ri x Drtffn % Dtftafit 

tffpri^* FUx4t, a* J J'* Off* 

t/C*im$i J'hyficija at Rath, 

i\\ mmusCoI! ;;r. frtferd, ti.'o. j a* fewed. 
: ( :ed, and lot i by Wilfcic in London. 177a. 

WE Qui! give oj.-Rcad=rt a Qiortacccunt of this Author** 
praitxx rcnl difcafc* enumerated in hi« title 


[ fever 1. Dr. Lyfona hai found the (mice-root 

combine J u-ith the bark, Ii fuccvfcfal. * When the 

•nwrtn trie fits are clear, and no 11 fymp- 

dicates ike this m-iiicinc, it is really fur- 

i£ to pbfcjtc w:;at 11 will do, without any previous one- 

£ ^ patauotu 

134 Lyfons on intermitting Fevers 9 DropJits % Vr. 

paration. But when the firft pailages are loaded, or obnVu&erf, 
they muft be cleared before any febrifuge cam taid-effccl.' 1 , 

* My common dofe to adults is two' fcrapies of Bftrfc to ofte 
♦of fnakc-root. Two or three dofo will rarefy fail (MtttiigH* 
flop to anydiftincl tertian, or quartan ague. And 'ihAuid** 
farther repetition be necefTary, it will be attended 1 with thia 
advantage, that the diforder will be lefs likely to return, than 
when ftopped by the baric alone. -'- *- M 

* In quotidian aguea there is feldom a diffidently dearfater- 
miflion between the fits to give this powder at firft $ but afters 
•clear intermiflion of fomc hours has been obtained' by other 
means, then this powder is equally effectual in quotidian, aarn 

•tertian, or quartan fevers.* 

1 In dropfics, our Author's favourite remedy is calomel, wferCh, 
given infmall dofes generally acts as a diuretic. Bathwaters 
arc like wife ufeful, he fays, in dropfiea ; they correct the bHfc, 
ftrengthen the habit, and at the fame time prove remarkably 
diuretic— Where there is a difcafed liver, and this vifcus-is in- 
durated and enlarged, Dr. Lyfons likewife recommends calomel 
and the Bath waters. • < 

■ In the Eflay on the Epilepfy, Dr. Lyfons relates one h'iftory 
of the fuccefsful application of ligatures on the legs, on*' ifte 
firft approach of the fits, which were always obferved to take 
the beginning of their coutfe from the lower extremities.' ,: 

Where the fits are apprehended to proceed from worms or 

ronlm-fs of the firft paffages, Dr. Lyfons has an high opinion of 

the efficacy of calomel. 

"• The epilepfy is fometimes occafioned by hydatids or other 

"matters immediately a&jng upon the brain ; and here our A*- 

< "trior takes an opportunity to fpeak of the method bf.curfroy 

trepanning; and relates the following curious hiftory of fie 

'; operation as it was performed upon a bull. * : " 

* A bull, belonging to John Heard, a tenant of rrtyifathefV 

sit Hempftead near Gloucefter, was troubled with thia'tftfofdeY, 

"When I firft faw him he was lying down, and appeared 'pto- 

1 fecTiry at eafe, and well. Upon making him rife he ft retched 

; bimlelf ; and afterwards, beginning to turn ipund, his eyes' wfcrc 

; tyftotted, and with a fudden fpring leaping up, he fell down afgiin 

" immediately upon his back with great violence. He then appeared 

~ in all the agonies of an epileptic fir, and when he recovered otrfof 

"it was for fame time very ftupid. By degrees he returned to tie. 

food; and, until he fuifered a frefh aiwck, feemed in good health, 

! * I was informed that young cattle only are fubje€t to "thia 

"^ifeafe, ft never making its firft attack after the age oPtwo 

years. I was alio told that the confluence of the "diforder 

' .would be Certain death, except ir was relieved by opening' the 

'head, and taking out a bladder of water; which was ah open* 

'■**•' tjoa 

Ljfcet W» i*Hfm;!:tn£ f'l-tri, Dr*$fiti t ISc. 


tie" , :r formed in the prcfent cafe within a hw cap. 

3ng given rnc of the day appointed, 1 tooc with ojc 

it Gloucester : an i 

Kc . 'ihom one oi the mailer* U tbfl college Uhool th«c> 

la own fijqucft, was alio of rJic party. 

1 The bull, feting confined (n a oa/n, upon ih : » occafian, 

was uV n with a rope 10 the uii. -ccr- 

warefe kept down by the weight of several men upon hss body. 

ting ft fit C4HK on, and continued ilua 
cperai.on. Thii gave the operator time to perforin h:s v 
kifurclr, without int afforded us an opportunity 


brge ca-t of the fcaip, zbo jc the Cite of a man** hand* 
awl. in the (hapc of a parallelogram, wai on three fides fepft- 
latcd from the (cull* bat CuhTcred to rcsuia entire on the 
toward* ttx nose, and turned do*ii in that part. The 
y. btinz thus Ijid Sire, the operator, by means of a harm 
aod a knife with a fli-x: ilrong, fucb M tUy-mtkcr* ufe 
to Ipl-t wha'.e-bone, :oo< off a pirt of the fcull, of about an 

h fquaxc, whkh I have in my pofletEon. Jiy ftr iking 
tack of the knife with :he hammer, camicufly, in order to Mae 
' tb« piece* I apprehended he wis enabled to judjf* of tbs 
\ of the bone, which is here very unequal, and thereby 
avoided doing any usjwt) to the dun mater. 

be head being in tliUcuarfe, and fjfc manner 
trepanned, the next thing wan to open the dura mater. Thr* 
being done, in a very cautious manner, with a /harp penknife, 
:tle ve&cle began to advance throufch the aperture, andgra- 
Jj ifed to the free of a waJlnut, the operator 

lull'* head, fo at :o give the bladder a dcprndrjlg 
pofit.on, it bui the contained water flowing out, the ope- 

rator laid hold of the containing meml nd by degrees 

with proper caution extracted it cntiie, as he (aid, if the cilt 
was not taken oat clean* the diforJct would certainly retain. 
After tliit, the part of the full tbac bad been laid bare wa* 
aga^n tovcre the flap, and fomc coro-non cicfling* laid 

o»er , by which means the bull* after being kept in the houie 
_*r Ja^.foon recovered* and was pcifcdly ftccd from hi* 
1 rln no; remember that the operator tried with bit 
hammer to fcjnd the (cull, and find an h .|low place in the 
jrannrz nacnlluued b) Wcpfcr. But before he began the opc- 
'Cry carefully the centre of the forehead 
ere the hair i] tc£lions, as tiic bnnc of 

• part in I ftcn fyfiencd, and foretime* rendered 

I fupfufc from the prciTurc oc the ctlt internally. 
." whkh lobe i i the brain was moll compi 
! _::.d* by obt«\ A£ whether the bcait turned to (he 

136 Hawkefworth'r Account a/the Vqogti 

tight, or to tRcleft before he fell into a fit. In the^efcrfrcaft 
t,bc beaft turned tortre Itfi^ and the hydatid lay neatyln <tKt 

centre, but rather inclining to the left. If the fymotom aboWafc 

.'nrenuoiitd hold* good in the human fubjeft as we' Are told'' J 
does m the horned cattle f it is to oe hoped we might, by d£> 
aecviog k, and after death infpccling the brains of the decealed, 
be at laft led to thp fame method qf relief, by knowing the e£ 
ad place where to perform the operation. Thte Matter- ap- 
pears to me fo remarkable, and may poffibly prove of fuch corv- 
requence, that 1 have not thought much of pry trouble ih 
writing, and I hope the Reader will not be difTatished witn 
leading this long, and othcrwife unneceffary digreffipfi.' '" ' ,! 

/. . Weptfer faw thrs operation performed upon an ox afflicled 

: with giddjnefs ; when a large number of hydatids were fuolttfd 
ouf i but the vertigo (rill continuing, the creature was killed, 
and on opening the head a number of hydatids were fbuntt ^b 
(he ventricles of the brain *. {.'.*ff 

' The two following h! flays are on the colic and dyfenjto fe 
flukes; and the favourite remedy is Rill calomel. — The opera- 
tion of calomel, is the fuhjefl of the laft hflay ; the principal 
parts of which confift of extracts from Dr. Cullen's l.e£hfret 
on the Materia Medica, to which are added forne ihptc obferVa- 

- tions by Dr. Lyibns. X* 

For further particular?, we mud refer our Readers to ihtfEfFays 
(hcmfe!v^s; with this general obfervation, that thehiftoVies and 
conclufions are not always fo full, determinate, and f^isfjuSbory, 

, as might be wifhed. 

/U'i . XII. At Account of the VvjegU undtrtoktn by the Order if Aft 
}rejfut Majtftyfor making Di/eavtria in the Southern Hetaifphere, \3c. 
Draw* up frtm tbejturnah <wbi.b were kept By the ftvtrml Cpjf- 
muudtrj, and fram the Papers of Jofepb Ba*kt t Bfo By 'J&n 
jftawkefworth, LL..D. lllaitrated with Cuti, and a great Variety 
of Charts and Maps relative to Countries now Jirft difcovered, or 

. hitherto but im perfectly known, 410. 3 Vo|«. 3 1. 3 s. Boards, 
Cadell, &c. .17734 f ..* 

A LMOST ever fince the completion pf the difcoveryofvrtie 

- f\. Arowcao continent, the curioilty of the inquifitive »o£ 

^philosophical oart of the world has been exerclfed iri fpeeutia* 

fiona and conjectures on the probable ft.ite of that immcrtfe, 

and hitbcrtauimperredl) explored, part of the terraqueqn* fcloocj 

which lies between the fouthern extremity of the new world, 

.nthe- Cape of Good Hope; and the South Pole, Navigator*, in- 

;. fent*m other poifuitrthari thofe of mere difcovery, had frreVed, 

•j.nathefc through accident than defign, difcovered forne fcatwrtd 

; >.i ■■■■ — — — ' — ■ ' "• ■ • ■ ■ ' ' ' " . . vr f 

• . . ' s . tiiliApt. Apopleat.U^ . - :. ■: '. -f 

fwr rm\\*t Dtficvtrtn !m tic Swlbfrn Htmifpbtrt, If:. 1 37 

Wane** 3U*J coafil in different parts oF chit catenae trad - but 

Utitfy the incjnttil vr wh 
cool a fou then 1; or. 

0£ra;<her to fill up that wide-extended and op. 

ri'icoou* in cur rrar/s ot the fouthcrn 
■. without the j.h.W.ic of oKmiaia*, dc-jphin*, and 
ir >4^ tUh**. 

pcculb.r aii of r.r I the three late ex* 

peditior.s to the Se.Lth Seas were ccnducl<*dt and t^e precau- 
tion* thai *%crc taken 10 pcc*cnt the ^blic-'ttcn of any i 

.mployed in tiicri, did not fail, 

-. y «lter the Uttybt* h*-;l crepitated ber r.rfi voyogc 

lB tt ■ tw i:t 1 • ■ ublic towards 

:. NiKwithllaudtngthc lecrecy oMcvcd with lefpcct 

10 the Jcil^n, and thcrcfulu, ofthefc expedition inpet- 

I nonymou* accounut of thei ronVfl voyages found (heir 

wit 10 tbe prefs : but thcic fened rather co provoke than to fa. 

thai public ouriofitv. At length, after the ret.irn of the 

E*Jrttc*r from the Jari of thefc CXpodkiottf, 3 *. ; was 

t* to gr 1 public with j full and authentic detail of 

vitions and difcovcriei thai tad been made in 

the cooife of them. We scarce- nctd to add. that the joutr 

D fcrt were accordingly put into the 
dl of tfec lilor, wiih a view that they might be pro- 

perly dij;<ttcJ. and publilbfd. for the information of future na- 

I (he curiova. 
, laudable object of thefe undertaking*, *s exprellei 
in hu Mijctty a inftruclions to Commodore B.rvn, who led the 
iri to he the ilifcovcry of unknown couh- 
: t, h»therto unvifitcd by any Lu/opran power, 
irrc ib reafon to believe, fc ma) be Round in the 
( >r] * ketwern the Cape ot Cjo«d Hope and 
, within the lacitudca convenient for n.: 
, tiid in climate* adapted to the produce of commodities 
cc, c*c.' The journal of the fuft ofthefc 
ch was performed in the Delphi* t \n the years 
1765;, and 1 7O6, conltiiu'.c* the ftrft pair of the pirlcnt 
; jt\. Se^n after the return of ilut vellel in 1760, flic 
Wat W 'isder the command of Captain Vvajlta, 

aee.): .. '.U-. i-onuiMrided by Capr; in Carteret. 

iinU of thefe f-lrirert (attn the feconii and 
_t the hrll volume. 
Uli and rouft intftefting of thefc voyag«s, pro;e5)ed on 
a anore enlarged fcalc than the two former, anil which may be 
..ilofophiral expedition, was performed in the 
- ■ ommamJcd by C»pt. Cuolt , who was accompanied) 
siorccrs and jwturaMs, excellently well ©,ua- 

438 HawfeefwortV* Account rftbi Ftyrges. 

Vficd to fulfil the diftrept pfcjffa«.pf 4if jr^peftiyc;! . 
afce principal of which, were, the raskinz o^geoMariicaj 
Mricsj the obfcrvajion pC thc '*** trapftt of , Venues, 

making tnquirjes into the many new and curious* ohpeaa L 

cur a] hiftory, which, fuch obfervers could nc£ fail t^o n^ejet^t 
jn the coqrfe of fo; oafrcqucntcd a navigation. Ti^rclft^i 
<>f the occurrcacea of the voyage, and of the obfervat^na ty^e 
in thacourfe of ir r conftitutes the fecond and ^ir^.voluui* 
of the prefent publication. :;.' on,/ 

Such is the general diftribution of the matter cQa$ainejd ia 
£bi»work} in which, weihould obfervc, that the %arrajiy$# 
■•very where given in the name of the refpe&ive cojnmamttE*, 
land in the fir ft perfon. Neverthelefs, the Editor has occaipas- 
aliy. but without any mark of diftinclion, interwoven, wit^^e 
celadons of thefe different voyagers fuch obfervations >afid 1 |$- 
cle^ions as occurred to himself. This method, of a44tt$Of 
the reader in the fjrft perfon, was adopted with the approl^ifp 
of all the panics concerned. It undoubtedly renders ^c^^aft- 
rative more animated and interefting ; and yet there are frRqnejjt 
.occafioos where the reader would with to discriminate, sjl jo 
be cectajn whether a particular opinion or reflection flows Cfoqa 
the journalift or the Editor. In fome places indeed thc,diQuip r 
tion is fome what too apparent; particularly where the ulVaJ 
plain texture of the nautical narrative fuddenly difappcars, by 
the infertion of fome fplcadid philofopbical pauhes of a very (dif- 
ferent man ufa&ure ; ..... 1,(14 
Purptrtut) tati qui fpkndiat) unit & alter . bnu 
Affuhur pannus. :.. ij 

This incongruity however was, perhaps, in fome degree*,* 
scarce avoidable confequence of the journal -form adppted, in ,UM 
,«rork ;. where ifen fame individual afluroea the, two verj. diffe- 
rent characters of a fea-comraander and of a fpeculatiyc oh'do- 
fopher or metaphyfician \ and ufes the vexj diffi snilar. language* 
of the Jog-book, and of the portico, ,1 ^ 

That no doubt might remain of the fidelity of the Editor, ip 
compiling the materials with which he was furni(hed, tbe.mft- 
fiuicript account of each voyage was read to, and was. after- 
wards put into the hands of, the refpeftive commanders,. .^^ 
account of the voyage of the Endeavour, in particu^u war- 
like wife fubmitted to the perufal of Mr. lianas ano\ pr^&ojaift- 
^etv • In confequence of this proceeding, , tfic prefect, worftM- 
ceived fuch emendations as were then luggcScd by tlicgertdf - 
men in whofe .it is written.; and, at. the fam^ T tirade,, the 
ia/U related in it were authenticated, in the irio'ft upexcej^jjif- 
»ble manner. . .f«i.-?:*H 

Before we proceed to give aoy extracts from tibia ,puWi«V 
tkkis 'it may be proper to premtfe a few general remarks on 

fir a*ki*t DifcKxrla in tfa Stalker* Hrtnifphert, tfe. 139 

hi manner In which the Editor his executed his part or* it. 
fa the tuft pi obnou> to obfene that the minute accw- 
. with « on of ilic fliip at illnerent boors of 
the day, the depths oi water, the bearing* of the land, 4tvJ the 
other com mo !i nautical ©bfer vat torn 0/ event*, arc related in thU 
work, con fcaax* (ail to fatigue and dtfguit (hi* numerou* cla** 
of reader*, who perufe book* of ihia kind merely fur 4 tem- 
porary *rauf*tri en t ; and who expect that the narratives of men 
who have tuvcllcd round the world, through unfrcejceoied 
piths, fhould be every -.\hcrc- embcliifhrd with linking descrip- 
tions, xzd be Jivc-liticd with Angular adventures. To feck 
rt*4cr*, thr prrufal of the t; til of rhefc volumrt, in particular. 
will probaMy furmfh very fcanty entertainment. They will 
ftkewiie. Dm this very account, he tnturally lrd to form a corn- 
mate, to the disadvantage of the prefent work, by 
a retrofped 10 the exec lent account, drawn up by iht: Ian Mr. 
Robin* •» of the vovaxc of the Cc-ntmion i III which the corn- 
mem nautical dcuiU arc much rnoic fparingly ia/cfteJ, ami 
ch ii aim oft every where interefting and entertaining. ]ta 
jufttce however to the prefent Editor it ftauuld be observe*, 
tfcax tW merely nautical remark* cannot *o 
ccntcflvd ; and that minutely to relate them, for the benefit i-f 
ire navigators, wis indeed the great and principal object of 
It i» noc perhaps generally known that the ingenious com- 
pUer of Lord Anfon'a voyage did not load hi* work with dry 
ami uncutcrcainirig nautical remarks, bcctiafc lie intended that 
thefc fiaould have been the fubjects of a fepirare publication > 
:i many cunous difcjuilon* of the tides, winds, currents, 
<Vc. were to have been commumc- ,, >-*i 1 foi tht p-ticular wfc 
of thc4e tnen immedcatcly intcreflcd in that kind «f knowW-c. 
Heath prat a (lop to the execution of this defign, before Boy 
rery confiierablc pro^refs had been made in it : *rfd although a 
1 ry after the paper* which he left behind him ' 1 the 
r i! wa* made by the late Lord Anion, as we hare bee*) 
afcgrtd ort reiy good aathority ; the fcurch proved ineffectual.—- 
Wh<the( ft of thiv plan occurred to the prefent E.l.tor ; 
01 bow far he was at liberty to profecute fuch a deli^n, wc 
know not : tut it is certain that the prmlal of the prefhH col- 
jht have been rendered more pfarfaftf, at 
: he generality ofreader*, by udnptine the like meihn.1. 
__ _ u, 

•'Mr 1 no: appear in connexion with the wcrfc. 

1 Mi. Walter, the Chaplain of the Cetuarion, ftanth in the 
title id wc have hcaid that he had the bcncf.t ci eheco 

•c- materials. 


140 HawkefworthV Account of the Voyages 

Though we mean not, at leaft for the prefent, to enter JAtft 
any particular enquiry concerning the geographical, literary, or 
philofophical merits of this work, wc (halt obferve, in genera],. 
that thofe readers muft indeed be very faftidious who cannot 
receive pleafure from the perufal of it ; both on account of the 
curious facts contained in it, and of the manner in which they 
are related by the Editor ; whofe occafional reflections on fome of 
them are ingenious, philofophical, and well exprefled, it muft 
be acknowledged however, that the work is not without its 
blemiflu s ; fome of which arc confpicuous enough to attract 
the notice even of the moft carelefs reader. Our curiofity 
neverthelefs has, upon the whole, been fo much, and fo lately,- 
gratified, in the firft hafty perufal of it, that we do not find our- 
felves at prefent inclined to particularize the omiftions, redun- 
dancies, negligencies, or other imperfections obfervable in this 
compilation. We {hall therefore proceed to lay before ouc 
Readers a general (ketch of each voyage ; occafionally adding 
fuch extracts from the work, as we think will be moft accept? 
able, or are more eafily detached from the reft. 

Commodore Byron, whofe journal is the firft in the prefent. 
feries, failed from the Downs in his Majefty's (hip the Dolphin, 
accompanied by the Tamar, in June 1764, After flopping at 
Rio dc Janeiro, he proceeded to Port Detire, and from thence 
failed in fearch of Pepys's Ifland, firft difcovered by 'Cowley v 
and faid by him to lie in about the latitude of 47 degrees Couth . 
Having convinced himfelf that no fuch ifland exifted in that 
latitude, he flood in for the coaft of Patagonia, and proceeded 
up to Port Famine in tbc Streight of Magellan. Having hero 
compleatcd the wood and water of both fhips, he renewed his 
fearch, and in about the latitude of 51 difcovered land. He 
entered * one of the fined harbours' in the world,' to which he 
gave the name of Port Egmont ; taking at the fame time formal 
pofTcflion, in the name of his Britannic Majeity, of this har- 
bour, and of all the neighbouring iflands, under the denomi- 
nation of the Falkland Iflands ; which, he thinks, there is little 
reafon to doubt, are the fame land to which Cowley gave the 
name of Pcpys's Ifland. — We fcarce need to remind our Readers 
of the late ferious difpute with the court of Spain, occafionec| 
by this very difcovery, and by the Britifh fettlement afterwards 
formed on this ifland in confequence of it. 

The Commodore again entered the Streight of Magellan, the 
perilous navigation of which he minutely defcribes. Though 
jeven weeks and two days were fpent in his paflage through it, 
lie neverthelefs declares it to be his opinion that it may be palled, 
not only by a Angle veflel, but even by a large fquadron, at 
the proper feafoH, in lefs than three weeks. And yet, as the 



for atwfaVr. DffctVtriet in ihe Ssttfbefn Iltmifflxu, Wc, 141 

, c tbr piUijc coft Captain Walfii ucai 

rh ■ 1 me reeom- 
imodorc, having rca 
1: the mid 
.\!r. Byron at length entering the South Sea, p Ui 

. us for 
it, re had the mi n to find his 

fcuivy. Having been obliged to iclinquift* 
ng what if called Dav:;'tljifi in the chart: ^ 
:» mining inc celebrated /,'Vi t/Sstmon — it indeed 
1, in aboi irue> of 14 S. 

.Je uc IV, at a time when the iuuanon of th 

land confiding 
iHartda, vifiM/ abounding with all ihc rcfrefbffici 
people ftcod To rr.uch in need ; but wliich, tu chcil 
gtcat d (appointment, they were prevented from enjoying, 10 
<wrkrec i iir. i cc rai ihe inacccflible nature of the coafta, and (I 

ration of the inhabitants. Of thefc iflinds there- 
fore the Commodore was obliged rclu&smly to lake hu leave* 

utlefs efforts :o vifit them ; and with an . 
beail bettowed 00 them the name of the lfi<in.<i tf . 
. — But we (hall tr^nferibe the account of thi 
from the work itfelf; efocciftliy as we apprehend that the foJ- 
rarrica pretty evident anarka uf the EduorVpenV 
imply exhibit *i fair, and no: 
i.-ii ol bia manner of colouring and cxprcSioii.— Wc 
that he U not always equally clear and unembarraiTcd in 
.1 reflections. 
• I rhe fmall iflind, which, ^ we drew near It, had 

a troft \x ince 1 it wai irmunded by a beach of 

with 1 * j ivercd with tall tree*, 

extended their flimlcto i gteflt difianee, anJ formed the 
moil delightful grovea that can be imagined, without 

1 i" be abi uka m dream- 

er and from each end of it we fiw a 5>it running 
the fea, upon which the furge broke with great fury; there 
t fori all round it. W« foon perceived thai it 
united; for many nf ihe native appc ired npnn thr heach, 
m th'ir lnnJi were at leaft fxift* feet long* 
Ic fever al lar^c fires v. t'uppofed to 

i hrwc immediately perceived : 
J that was to windward of us, by which we lei ew 

' ' > ' re a*s at thi' time 

. or Ktr- I ' V/ 

to the louthftjrd, atuj About 
Q tae wciwaud of tUcfc iflaaJi. 

14* rlawkefworth'x Account of the Veyagtt '" * 

ftotf alfo to be inhabited. I Tent the boat wftb' in 'bfficef fO 
look for an anchoring place, who, to our great regret* 1 arid ffif* 
appointment, returned with an account that he fcatf "MttllH 
round the ifland, and that no bottom could to foWd -withiji'feji 
than a cable's length of the £hore, which was furrotrhde^'clofe; 
to the beach with a fteep coral rock. ,; ' h"9 

6 The fcurvy by this time had made dreadful bavock anionfe 
us, many of my bed men being now confined to their bjim- 
mocks ; the poor wretches who were able to crawl' upon the 1 deck^ 
• flood gazing at this little paradife, which nature bad forbid d^n 
them to enter, with fenfations which cannot eafily be conce 1 rVerfi 
they faw cocoa nuts in great abundance, the milk of whicr/li 
perhaps the mod powerful antifcorbutic in the world : they had 
reafon to fuppole that there were limes, bananas, and other 
fruits which arc generally found between the tropics ; *od 1 'ty 
tncreafe their mortification they faw the (hells of many tuYtfi 
scattered about the (here. Thefc refreshments, indeed, fori 
©tf Ifrhidi they wer£ languifhing to death, were as efre&ii 
beyond their reach as if there had been half the circum 
of the worW between them ; yet their being in fight, was rlbi 
con fide r able increafe of the diftrefs which they fullered by rhe=waMi 
©f them. Their fituation in itfelf indeed was no worfe tfiari'rt 
would have been if the obftade to their wifhes had been-'dif- 
tance, -and hot a reef of rocks; and both being alike infuper- 
able, a being wholly under the influence of reafon would, by 
btrfh, have been equally afreded ; but this is a fituation, amotiff 
many others, that may be remarked by a diligent obfervCr,' J rn 
which reafon cannot preferve mankind from the power which 
fancy is perpetually exerting to aggravate the calamities of life. 
When ! knew the foundings, I could not forbear (landing dole 
rowrrd the ifland with the (hip, though I alfo knew it wis itifl 
pofKbte to procure any of the refrefbments which it produceyi H/ 
-.Leaving thefe inacceffible and inhofpitable coafts, the Cotii^ 
tnodore, keeping nearly the fame courfe, foon difedvered two! 
enher iflands, where, not without difficulty and oppoiition, he 
procured feme refrefhments for his fhip's company; fcarce.dne 
of which was now wholly free from the fcurvy. To theft 'bb\ 
gave the name of King Gtorge'i Iflands, They are to be* diftiri;- 
gui filed from King Gtorge tht TbtrtTt JJJand y afterwards 'drrec* 
vered, and thus named, by Captain Wallis; but now better*. 
known by the name of Otahtitty from which we find fruit trrirf;- 
are little more than two degrees and a half difbnt, to to 
ssorthwafd, and about four degrees to the eaftward. * :i " 

From the fouthermofr of thefe iflands feveral boat-lmHi bT 

cocoa-huts were procured. Their falutary effe&s on the' ter?i- 

snodore's icbrbutic crew are worthy of particular notice. ' £3 

{6qd as they were all expended his people began to /ill ifowa 

6 again 

fir moiff^ Difitwtut s.f th/ St&tberm Htxt'rjfirrt) c/.-. 143 

■ T wefTec! of- these nuts alone,' fay» 
the C.;niiui>j( re, ' --mg this dii'cafu, n aQomihifig* 

•*iia& Jimfcs were become a* black as mic, wlio could not 
without the aiErt rrKc of two men, and who. behocs coul 
1 'finj pain, were hi a few days by eat- 
sw nuts, dthough .t Uj. i'j tjr recovered ac to do their 
and cooki oc« mi Aloft as wcil »5 they did before the 
i tlvcai.* 
Commodore now proceeded to the iilind of Tiniajt> of 
an iciot , » rich and 

■fc^iae descriptor, exhibited in Lord Anfon** Voyaged 
Wc there find it flcfcribcil as a tcricltiiil paraditu, where Na- 
ture, without bti lance, b«H -.mi * foil every where 

ind .icccriiingly * / .' th*a 

idtr frits U a raiti axJ ew~!***riant tv/rfA/M*,' baa laid out t ho 
delightful fpot into neat wd c\tci>five lawns, c the twf of wiiirh 
b 'quite titan and even. Theie .ire Ikiried with (lately woods, 
the bottoms of which, in many placet, arc clear of all *V/V» 
and tmrf-rtbxJt ; and :he war \vc% ufuaJly terrnmiteon 

the lawns with a regular outline, not broken, or confufr.i 
(haggling trees, but appearing as uniform, as if laid out by art/ 
further, the advantages derived from the excellent (rails and 
.vnh which it abounded, fiuh <> cocoa-nuta, guavas, 
; > f<* rt 7 l ra f*i and ftrr/ij are (aid to have beert 
* greatly enhanced b, the ktallhimtf's of it climate, by the a!motl 
coo G ant breezes which prevail there, and hy the Irccjuent 
Glowers which fall, and which though of a 

-cmtvforj duration, arc extremely grateful and refrefliing, 
and arc pcrtap* one caufc of the JcMniy of the air, &c,' 

■.modern* Ryrnn exhibit! to us a very different view 0/ the 
fame (pee, as may be collected from the following detached ca> 
sr**cls, which wc Btall iltfctl without any* | only pre* 

■jifing that he anchored in the rexy place where Lord Anivti lay 

• After I had fixed upon 1 (pot for the tenss, fie or fc\« fit 
weodcavcurcJ to pufc through the woods, that we migjtM 
at the beautiful lawns and mcidowt of which (here is fo I 
tam a del'. t the account of Lord Anion* Voyage* and 

af potTihle kill feme cattle. The trcei f;ood fo ihicic, and tfo 
vti Jt «lw/.'tK'.t U/tb k*Jtr&sirf t that we ctuld Btijf. 
tt/ueus % wc therefore were obliged to ixcp continually 
rnilo&.ng to each ether, to prevent our being fepaxatcly loft in 
this traUiefi \x,iuurntfi. As the weather was intolerably hot, 
we had nothing on bcGdc our ftjoe-5, except our (hirtt and txow- 
:id thefc were in a very Ihorc time torn all tu rags bjr 

■ ■ ■ ■ — — • — ■ i" " 

e Aries/* Voyage, Book lis. Chap ii- 


144 Hawkefworth** Account of the Voyage fiV. 

the luflws and bramlln; at laft, however, with incredible dim 1 * 
culty and labour, we got through ; but to our greatf YaVpWfei 
and difappointment, we round the country wry different 1 4b>ttP- 
the account we ha J read of it: the lawns weie entirety Mtv 
grown with a ft ub born kind of reed or brttfiy in many pls'eeV 
higher than our heads, and no where lower than our middies, 
which continually entangled our legs, and cut us like wb»*v- • 
cord.— After we had walked about three or four miles, we- go! - 
fight of a bull, which we kilted, and a little before night goT' 
back to the beach, as wet as if we had been dipt in water, and-i 
fb fatigued that we were fcarcely able to (land.' ■■ 

* I foon found that the ifland produced limes, fdur oranges* 
cocoa-nuts, bread-fruit, guavas, and paupas in great abun* 
dance ; but we found no water-melons-, fcurvy-grafs % or J arret, 

* Notwithstanding the fatigue and dilirefs that we had en- 
dured, and the various climates we had pafled through, neither : 
of the (hips had yet loft a Angle man fince their felling froae^ 
England ; but while we lay here two died of fevers, a difeatt n 
with which many were fcized, tho' we all recovered very faft fro*. V 
the fcurvy. I am indeed of opinion that this is one of the map - 
unhealthy jpots in the worlds at leaft during the feafon in which we J ■ 
were here f. The rains were vioi-nt y and almojl ineejfant t and 
the heat was fo great as to threaten us with funocatiort. T tw 
thermometer, which was kept on boaid the (hip, ^eiwrraJly 
flood at 86, which is but 9 degrees left than the heat of the) 
blood at the heart \ if it had been on fhore it would have rifert 
much higher. I had been upon the coaft of Guinea, in the 
"Weft-Indies, and upon the ifland of St. Thomas, which is un- 
der the Line, but I had never felt any fuch beat as 1 felt here^ 

After enumerating the inccfcnt torments fuftained from the 
flies in the day, and the mufquitos in the night ; from fwarmi 
of centipieds and fcorpions, and of large black ants, fcarcejyl 
inferior to either in the malignity of their bite ; as well as From* 
other venomous infects without number, altogether unknown ' 
to them 1 the Commodore relates the difficulties they met With 
in difcovering the diflant haunts of the cattle, which are faid 
to have been procured on fuch eafy terms in Lord Anion's re- 
lation P The Commodore's parties, who were fent oat to kill 
them, c were abfent three days and nights before they couM 
fucceed ; and when a bullock had been dragged feven or eight 
miles, through fuch woods and lawns as have juft been defcrihdt J- 

+ The feafons in which Lord Anfon and Commodore Byron Tifitoi 
this ifland were nearly the fame. The former anchored here* afeoat 
the 2: ih of Auguft, and failed on the 2 id of October: the latterac* 
rived here about the 1 ft of Aug nit, and failed from hence on the ft 

to the tciUfe i; wa* lull of fir blow», an4 ft 1 tile fo •**. 

to* ux ' 'S* c » iw, of the men, in bring* 

u; oWa J . wui * the jnceUr.*Ue hot ihcy lu&crcil 

liboar, fr-«.|ucntlir -jrati^he on fever* 
tMh i-io them up.' 

Accruing in tlic frdlowing quotation, flic flies of '; 
*«tt be cXfK^moui breeder*, *nJ their maggot* <oa>: U 
early nun Inc. in ihii tropical liot •. ! * \'. • proem cd poul» 
-yi ou/ Joutiuiitt, ' upon cificr term* : there was great 
pcaiv Hi ' killed; uut the ilcfli 0/ 

Ike Scrt of tbero w*« very ill tailed, and fueh wai the heal of 
thtttriDKc ihit, wit bin snW after tbey wore killed, it w«« 
11 pwn a» graft, and /^j-W tw/A *^. t we refer 

Uui HU-'tC: 10 I lie t^.i.iiitiVljil ol lis (S. 

iKall bert - oar ac<*<- ini >r this voyage, artf.thc 

intent article, by onl> a • iore tfee 

icsr.e from 'icbe Wkuubr *i»d iSe cvuil i>f Si*~ 

*j3o, to Bitnvji Frocn thence he proceeded . .. t r>c o«" 
iiood Hope, in ii ■rrtvcJ in tr-c Down*, or. 

M»y f i7t?6 % having fpcm fouiewbit more U10 aa month* 00 
tbn expedition. 

primmm trjue ex t* . . n**4 5*4^*41 l f *t*s*** t*ttr L*< 

'•Vfcitc in LcnJon. l'7*T. 

•*• ill, without .' 


T o » e 'i[ 


■»' tin 


'.'.11 on. np'oycd 

for thr in 

I" Ivng engi^cd, 
. i,i I lie l-ll yxjr , Jt 

ui.ii.y coll 

applied him fell to f< ;ii cr the purpofe of 

1 ufc pirticulu 1 j>, 

^H;9> ■ appUudr.' 

,ntiq«ity , aid ai he k\r. 
**t. Aug- » 773- ^ ww 

146 A FraffBtnt of the 91/? Book cf Livy* 

cbinius had men ironed, with great approbation, a Latin Codc.r 9 
drftinguifhed by the number 24, aria 1 - comprehending the l?oo)t» 
of Tobtt, Job, and Efther, this he fought after', ana proceeded 
to -examine. He prefent) j Found" that the above- mentioned 1 W>oM 
were fuperfcribed on fome more ancient chara^er^ iwrjicf) fay 
concealed beneath, and that the manufenpt was to bc'ra'njtcd 
with thofe which are called rtfcriptos,. or, fays he, to fprafc 
more in the Ciceronian rryle, pa'.'tmpfeflos : the laft.ot whicii 
terms, we (hould obfervc, is particularly ufed 19 figmty pdfclir, 
merits drefled in fuoh a manner that', by a little rrip t {fure, y/lur. 
had been written on them might be effaced,, after wh^hthf^ 
were ready to receive other impreffions. However, in the p/r- 
■fcnt cafe, the chara&crs were not fo far deftroyeJ'but fchat, v. • nb 
sfnduiry and attention, our Author was able, in a great niea* 
iiire, to recover them. \ \. " ...-, 

This Latin Codex contained, we are informed, .* 76., IcMejij; 
nine of which hare been more lately added, together 'Vrrhnfffi 
others about the middle of the book, from foL 54 to 72 -v. 'a s, to 
the reft, Mr. Bruns fuppofcs they were parts of different autbop 
reduced into the prefent form about the eighth century, yt$ci> 
the new text was inferibed on the more ancient one. Oner 
part of thefc leaves, he thinks, contains fome of Cicero's ora- 
tions ; but a more minute examination of this he leaves tq any 
future enquirer. He employed himfelf, however, awhile, , in 
confidering thole pages, m fercral of which the ancient text is 
fo greatly obliterated that he conceives it hardly poffible for it 
ever to be reftored. At length he met with art elegant cha- 
racter, and exerted himfelf to the uttermoft; that he might <i}if- 
cover what ha* been there written. He prefently, JsV.fayi, 
thatched a word here and there : he found fometimes occurring 
the well-known names, Pompeii^ Contrebia^ Sertmii ana 1 .6$- 
ferved in the front of one page LIB. XCI. and of the other 
TITI LI VI, but in a character fo verjr minute, that it migfc 
eafily efcape the fight. After this elucidation he read ovW tfcfc 
epitome of the 91ft book cf Liry, and perceived that it treated 
of the Sertorian war in Spain : after all which he concluded, 
without any doubt, as be apprehends will all his readers* that 
he had here met with a fragment of Li vy which had not been 
wen by, or known to, any perlon, for a long feries of Jf H f u 
This fragment, which had been probably torn away frornfotae 
ancient volume, conftitutes, it is faid, the 73d and 78 th* 7 jib 
and 76th leaves of the Codex. The text, which has bceirmara 
lately tranferibed, runs tranfverfely on the ancient one ; fo that 
whoever would read the fragment of Livy muft turn the-bdolt 
in fuch a manner as that the margin to the left- hand may be- 
come the loweft edge of the leaf : ~(ut margo adfiniflram ora/olii 
infinta evadat.) 


AIowtmly Cataloou*, /VfcW. 


It I* 

to be that 

luntod tlicmoft 

ttlC JQUjklt .lUITlbe/ Of -[;!»• 

m pared It with the moil celebrate* antic.-? wri- 
ung», ar • :d tnar it yielded to none m point of excel- 

Itaec Of 

Whcrrhc was afut wards at Naples he met 

1 words which hi J been inferihed oa fame of 

Alia ii\ Jf*rai{d'«Hm, and ha/inj very carc/ulljr confidcrcj 

cottrcd l*r»e> 

, he fays, they appeared to him very cxa&>y to rcfcmbJc 

rjchofbrr. He has added to his work an engraving of .'our 

he bottom of a picture taken 
- //fM-ijw.1 ru'ut, as a Ipccimcj charter in 

m%tcb flic fragment is written. 1 Our A i the whole, 

fees hoc fcniplc to five it a Urft ylacc ainoi. .i.u- 

m the Latin Taa^iuge j and, left hu Ck>u! t.cii 

Ih in forming thia ' , he intjgjuco 4 l1.-4w.tJ Ual^ui* 

rk»'Gij%*M**zS, , .4fattf y pi.'ticj ■o:ii o£ 

taeu'ififi, is joining in the lame opinion. 

irnt, it i.4 .:i«, 

>W colau.- ; U Cl ?> ■ .aa <a CKU pa^c 

SIrty line:, and 1!* no :otcrYu*ing 

..;uiCh them from each o'.fler. 

fan*, • modern way. lii fbme places ha 

been tfatiged M> leave i ward or ... hujt 

1: 1? nr. 
/ of wok*' •< u**fc« a i-^it* 

: a(*,!':d a few -m ioj -CO 

1 fragment j but fur farther particulars, wa 

M O r N T Ii L V C A T A L O G U E, 

S T, t;;;. 

F o Jt t 1 c a L. 

By John Huddltflabe Wj 
is. 6d. Riley. 

ItiiL i s. od. Kiiey. 1775, 

T. I fcadrtfi Eitlina v ho makes one of the priaes- 
icoj, where ihc b imin'.icijr 
B*r* ttterePing thaft if*" i» ftwmd to be in this poem ; which U ilif- 
har and aVeiaaaiarr. bjt drturbs aor the paffions. There are, 
tvwoar, Icsne *ell tabrtcaied Jinc* in it, and defcriptiont not un- 

* Nw Jci» the trcato of Llyvon aaarlu the scene, 
w rarioos Armagh the Mna iettae, 
IteAMr* a*w ncaotiei »* his current Rows, 
Aa*i other in hu derp botem Jbfrs, 

W^nnvrr fort, 

• Wb*H Sti»raet*i - 

• Ac ri i cnni h ' 

J:. ■ ■ .. . 

item hi* 


15. Ti 

1. The [hi 


Too b*d for bid uport 

,r. 1* 7'.-.VW^j>-Pt"jPocm. InferiM to (be 
He* Saundcn, AtUif4 of thtWhr 
Krr. Rotx * til MftJctyV Ship :Wc H 

Goargc; iftdto the jfihRr^iiufiiier'FxK. xix). c >. BclU: 

i I if you n«4i muil-urue, write CxlaVa p.-y ■.' 

> ■*• • . • • , • • • 

: - Lily wlMi wiili Buifgrl.' 
..nge!« uemWing roan 

Art. 17- ^ i. -■■'. «bc I' 

, il,ler*4* C ■ j», 

.c wi:ri jujgineut inJ calte: — for oar 

rt. ■. Ionian of ir^t'jt 

bridge ?r<nc*ri»<ins. froni 
tbeKev. Mr- Thorn. 1- 

oNytffcd Mr. btott. ji. 6'd, I- 

■., ivLkH c*iuc andcr our review at th. 
'1; 1 1 *c liatc now !»c;!ik)* to fq 

,:.ii Mr. S.. 1 . ft* thi 

hit »ti*te or better ccnJrttu. 
1.. '/w^wrf^i/W,-, a hocrn. B/ Air. Jcr:;l 
. jiu. 1 1, fcgfaftas. 

( , _ r iVj';, . fr r hi* efcaj 
was recaivtd", *» at'ien .--led UuObfti Siw-drn !» d 

, :*»en/*te, who, as etiohasard . jl»i 

in : .licIi. Tai«- tor/ is hoc lu&c 

::_** «*e puct railed l'udi a llrufture upon 

\tai.0Ou* Abfr*.'. Mft 

*Sjtp40ty--£ f >"**> a * m "g h * h ive been «• 




ic, in Frc- 


loliti*. M the 0>tpo>, 




I . and 
[•o. "■ the Amfcoi'i Miott 

■( MCOBKtililHn >'l tli i 



1*11 could L;;>c ixxa 

. . ■ r -, . : 

■auk ur«i ui )»--»< c*«t. the" tojnj--. 


■ : 1 1 f-' 


M of 



^QX lU. 

Not E 1 8. 

Art.*a> ti>t Pateti Oothttxh*; By Mw. Fogerty; Au^r/of 

Col. Piriry.ancl MAStanby. iztau*. a Vols. $». Bladon.' 177); 

''turriy Mft. fttgtrry wm begotteii, born;' narfed, and educateeVin 
a tfrco farjrr* Hbrtfy-, i cu«4' fucked in the fpirit of romioce with Hcf 
mother's milk ! Novel-writing feema quite natural to her; and while 
Jru- .i'ves there' itf'-'no feaf that the reading Mifles ami reading 
Mmren who* coltivaie tfcin profitable ftndy at the cafynmof ten 
fMlHngs >nd fix-pence" per ann. will ever want a doe fupply of aoV. 
venfortf, memoirs, and genuine hJftories of Lady this, and hoed 
thar,«nd CM >oel rtftber thing. In the aanefaclaring of all which, 
tire greawfr difficulty fcerts to be— the hitting off a new title-paga: 
for as'uo the ftorjes told, and the characters drawn, they are alt 
ecltocs of'ethoeA, tfnd ihadows of flkades. 

/ftti *$. C&trn ; ' *r, the Eaflem Liven. Translated from the 
French. i*mo. 3 s, bound. Bladon. 1773. •■ •• rij 

Thofewho love a melancholy ftory, may here indulge thomftlft* 

to the utmoft of their heart's difcor.tent.— We have nothing to *A* 

ft the' c om ih e n da'tiott'ofthtf piece. . ->• ':■:■: 

Art. 26. The ' PPtidtmiat Lovers ; cr, the Hi/lory of Harry Harper. 

- rtmbv 2 Vols, 6 s, Bell. 1773-" " -y 

• Vj fays tfcjs thodSft Author, ■ it is the fate of this work to |»e- 

5i(h through the inability of oar • genius, w (hall be HappyVis it 
5 the moil convincing proof nut have miftaken out forte, sAd'fhV? 
acknowlege owtjkhvei indebted to the candid for their cenfurCS ; fo# 
It will be the means of driving us from a path, in which we are -fare 
to have our ferife* bewildered, and meet with nothing but thorn* attd 
ft ambling- blocks to our feet. As it is the firft, it frail be ibt t*fl 

Happy it is for this Author that he has been able to hold (lis nriod 

in a frame fo fit tq fupport the weighr of that difappoinrmeot, and 

mortification, which every writer moft fee), on the mifcarriage of bH 

performance, "fire this time, we doubt not, the public voice hfctft 

innoanced to. him the fate of this poor hiSory ; and we hope- he "WW 

bare rietblottan enough to keep his word with his readers. ' -3- 

East-In|5ibi, l «dt 

Art. if. A Letter So Sir Richard fytbgjn. Knight, in, Anfwef ift 

tia Jtcfi/gicM arl Eafi India Shipping. 8vo I s. Murray. ; i^fi 

The Anfwcrer undertakes to point out the errors in tome of-*Srr 

Richard's calculation!, the unloupdnefs of his principles, and'" the 

ielf-intereftedf tenour of his views, in regard to the regulation* ofxbe ' 

Jail India fhipping, for which he contends jo his Rcftftftr.s: See Rev, 

Jbr April, p. 32;. '•"<;. • 


i; • The Author does not always thus aJTume the majefiic plural, 
ut mofl commonly is humble enough to content himfelf with 'the 
nguiar number; io that we conclude this delectable htftof}» \i not, 
jjp nroduftion qf more than one pea. 

MotfTtHV UATAtOQt'P, P*tki4*L 


P O L | T t C A t. 

At*. tBi &—vrf f rn rr% infuiry into tb* Grtmfftin hef w mn 

. **4 tin £rar tf Fmrmj \ Wherein tk# 

u-i,\Mv ircdewtted. a«d I3« C«nfro,<*c«<ci of the 

«'• at'snonopoiizio^ Farias .vc explained, and prorcd dif*d- 

■■vi». Atthi-r of Uniting a^d Monopotiaiirjj 

F;- , Ac. i t?j. 

Tn» moare *»'-Kn indacrd Mr. Lcnij «o make thefe Rem ark • U 

10 wrircr of ibis Inqsirr {*>:«, that ««#*3w4rVNf 

il tt pic ot'lhc ; i i ; and he 

• vife who prrtc-.d to pro*-* the pfaciire h //i/- 

«r*w*f«»». are mifmf.v-: .«' ; as the ar^omentt be bu sceo or tha» 

iaa«,«», arc h' n-j m-..-j% '. it (iko at may si 

-nd fjiovc prcj^iciftl to :bc flfcfcic* tor whkh tea- 

:.r could no longer foiboi £)vin# his fcii:ir..:i:u en tne fub- 

jert; a* he U fcrfua<ie4> it u iocumtKnt on evcrv on'* who chinks he 

im i: i» An power, 10 rnticivoor :e fa them nglit. So in Ufcg irtan- 

n ■ :iion WTth tbil writer, ni-iy from the lame 

link themfclvcs under tic like obligation to dcicQ and 

•: ihi* writer has been mji%f\mtJ, or trrt f ? 

: tli'trtfrii rr»;»y iniflraj Mt rc;i< 

wantei r-©t another provocation ; for Mr. Lew* haviarj 

ir.iun oa tfce itJ Eonfcqaeiicei "J unitieg farms, and :rie Author of 

saying cov.u tct;:d ilir polkium ih i<J, this, in 

rfli)»ood, pt wed the -rcrirnxnutioo. 

-ars to uederftand hiiargur" 

ich may be overlooked in one who prcfeiTet himfelf 4 

Urcut, and who unr be fappofed fond of .. erica | and 

■'• ;-yi - I *.r» r^ . It where hcounecho fan ■: tlctcflcd 


itfpnce between i\t(c two gentlecjen, if a com- 
wjw U ■tiKty batweeo zhrm ofjrol. Mr acq, 

or the fame qiiitntii}- nf Und civ-iJcd into 


n ufeful and carina- objert of inquiry. 

•irawn on either fidr ought not to be Tnfittf4 

■iiooof circurnSancm that ta<c 


allowance bc;nj; naie for pc- 

■ ■■' lv af'in • : no Arm* 

.there <vould i>; licdc 

• ,jiaiti: of fir Icl'i impojtaocc ;kaa 

-■"•■■ « 


hi* iij»ca;a,;i piajrJiUe, Cct Rer. frol. x.»i»i. 


the Pra&ue of uni;;njt I^/iih, but of 
a pamphlet uetving the bad efTofls of that prai'ike i for vbic& fct 
ftcr. vol. xiuvi. P " 

j 52 Mimrkut Catalogue, PetitUaL 

The Uoutrer having eonrendod, that in fcarveft time, and in other 
Operation* that require f\'\(pH<. h. the great farmer, by throwing many 
feandft together,- hat his work better and more expeditiously done ; 
an^l alfo that he can employ an equal number of men with the fmall 
farmers on the (a me land divided, among them, and longer 5 the 
Rtmarkcr re torn — • If tin great farmer's mtnwill do their work bclUr, 
end difpatch donbk the quantity in the fame rime that an equal number 
nveuU if divided* on kjfir farmt\ 'tis inconfiltcnt to fuppofc they 
employ full as many as would be employed on the fame lands in 
lc/Ter farms, when half the, number would be furncieyt; yet this 
"Writer aflcria, that the? do employ full as may. and aifo. that I bey an 
iikely to employ them Uugejl. And after thefe grofs iuconfiliencies, he 
concludes the paragraph thus : " but as I mean to confute by fails, 
aq d not- by argur. cuts, J will appeal, ttt, v — And now too, I will 
appeal to any icafouable nun, whether either by jails or urgnmemtt 
this writer is likely to confute auy pcrfou heiides himfelf ; but that 
be has fairly done.' 

The Inquirer advancing, that the final! farmer cannot rely On his 
own labour, and if he doff, he is a lofcr by it ; for that his employ- 
men: mould be a general attention to the whole : the Remarks* re* 
plies, that—* the farmer when able puts his hand to the plough, and 
every other .operation ; and hcitig conllantly where the fcene of action 
lies, he canbefl nffifl aud direct : and thu.*, his attention it preftry \id. Though perhaps, or twice a day, Q ling, or coming he 
$U& take a round through l;i: fields, 10 fee cr feed hi& cattle, or mend 
a gap; yet in fuch fized faring thefe will not take up much of his 
s/l;nc. Now I will fuppofc fuch a farmer with live labourers employ id 
ttgft/'cr, cither in hay or cm n 1 arvell ; while he continues to work 
with them, experienced men allow, that theic fix men are likely to 
perform full as much as f*ien labourers without a mailer attending 
.t Jicm : fo that the matter iiiitcsd of being a Icier is doubly paid, by 
what he does himfelf, and ft hat he caufe* others to do ; befidea, 'tis 
pot the quamity of work pnfqrmed that is the only advantage, but 
the manner of doinc it With care and due attention i> lit] I of greater 
conicquencc.' To this he proociiy adds the haity, fbvcnly, waftcM 
ytxy of reaping where haneit work is contracted for by the acre; 
when the iucn make more luflc than good fpeed, neither gathering up 
the. corn clean, nor aitcaJJt.g 10 its being properly dry at the.tim.ecf 
binding. Thefe difa^ai.ta^es he fays the great farmers are obLiged 
to fu&mit to, rather than g eater, by prolonging their work to Jhort 
days '<cd bad weather ; a..d aje chabicd to overlook them, by renting 
their iand cheaper then fmall farmers do. 
■ t But the grand objection to large farms is, their tendency to.depo- 

Eulate the country. According 10 the Inquirer the large farrn will 
ave -b perfonson it more than the fmaii farms; but according to 
tl*e ReaarZrr the fmall farms will fupport ay more than the large one. 
As thew computation*, by their difference, canuot be fappofed very 
accurate, we fijall not enter into the particulars ; but we have beard 
tlic -advocates fey fmall farm* rcafon upon this very queitioo as follows : 
•Wappoiing thc-wi/nibcrs equal, the political objection to large fawns of population ttiii remains in force; por.wUl any ibilrofc 
- reaibning 

Monthly Catalog*?*, AHjuihintiitu 



be tcquucd u> (wove ii. If jfrJIJlpri it oitgrv-Lby one 
<w> nun uf pmpci 

< >b4iCioq* and will be wiihfecJJ 
, portion ■ 

klMiau Jilt i W 

!>-:;.:-(, . .. , [ icco lic£ i-j «M/. Lo»i/v iu;'j*.-) (\] 
Ml Mnd c i r ilcn: a nun upon then m the afo.-cuid 

>UC (here 
pftfcjftjuftj: ntco hip30ritfi£ > *» in 

10 be 
I tic u !r;ie illjinJ. •< brn u the fpttuUtor who 


kuor.% o ever* peine of view? SiiialJ f\ ;-. L. 

-, for faim:r», where tho6 wUo fct out *i. 
cifM^ ■ luflry, and icy. qualify iticmfelra 

it ao lefj i 
>ofpg men from opportunities of advancing llu 
%a proportion ;o thcii latta-U*" 

To concede, both wr -\nd }.;* pre 'est coxmencj 

men oj ;ii]y vn l|ij 

cut fnhjr<:» ihe difctfinon t*f which it of mwc general 
coa»fttc»l> rrfult* from the oppofition ©/ opial :.*/ary ajt*r- 


Ml.tCllJ.Alfl O VI. 
Art. ac). 7'v f Atgumtniiy and Jx^m* C#of* 

tit CtmthJPardtmi ttb, im tk 

#?«<*« I>r. Br i.'/j , adjudged l>/ lie vro-tCii . 

liriis of the /In in* ■« r prr- 

fming Pfffont uriK<ju»i/ieed »ith th* Hrinili X, .ngua;;. 
in Wales. To which u c*re«xrd, an AcMrels to the, Bithqps of 

:owl, feasor, 
fcjribrSo. ramrvdofioo. 410* u 6d, Hwii. i 

A» far a* we * in I *n the pcrufal of the depi. 

cfbYC tke r»Sic, we CQAd"<> that the ocntlemtm abovenscu- 
i ii nc< Ir-iil,, m; . *» a 

r. and coofc«j -• Feb pa- 

. ike ev»t'i iur, great part 1 1 

J*t»2, i' ' i ' '* I i red in 

offtVgti uluxh onK . ofth« 

octl. Dr. Nay, in .uaieaiaj- up t*>c evidence, appear 
iiooa, (tough iic has no; i 
:o proceed to deprivation. The manner ■ a crr- 

havr been %\f, rertainlr 

xnd ihe juiijjc dcclife* t 
scocv*i '»• U^ldi Append before him in ■. .b!e right. 

■ ^;cci-Ic ; u • 


lift ; b -:t tWe wao aie bound in jcftlce, in confcien<e, 

.?, to fee that thefc important atfju'tt arc pro- 

\V % 

S£f Monthly C a -MtoauB, 'MifitUatntos.' 

Ait, 30. OmuB *xpttait&' ft \smtrta. -PrOpftfats 1 fe H difaig*g*|(> 
' aii<f'fceattrtf>iog the UaiVerlty atfd City <6F OxWroV *}W2 « f £ ' 
Wilkie. 1771. ' w ' y "U& r'> 

YheWrttirof thfc pim^htahavSnjf remarked, MftfUffc'fcfbb. 

pTOtettitm *e prcfffOf initiates the snivfcrfity and CKy\ With refp6c> to 
cdQvtnience and mogTriftc^nce in their ftretfts shtfballdinjt?, an/ lhat 
fome jttdidOJs ■ftep» 1 Hrve , aWeady been adopted ttV'crre cbmrnmee,'^ 
induced to propofe Tome farther alterations. Oat forefathers, 'hft" 
dbferVee, feem to hast coatffltwd petty convenience and nHotuftfc-re- 
elufenefi* while they neglefied that uniformity 'of defign wWcV it 
indUpeniabte to magnificence and that elegance of approach wtrieb 
adda ftalf the delight. - It it pity that fuch noble and elegant *tiitd- 
lags at there are at Oxford, fhfctild he almoft loft by a faulty fixa- 
tion, or disfigured by a crowd cfmiierable hoofes or cottars (land- 
ing around them : at the fame time retirement and felitudc Areas 
Vtrf well Co accord with feat* of learning and ftady, to which, it 
may be thooght, our Author's fchemes of rendering them quite oper- 
and difesrgaged do not perfectly agree. It appears, however, to ■ at, 
tnat he. undtrftinds his ftrbjott; and that his plans are worfby ot 
attention. He fpeaka artrft of proposing only a /pw alreraaonVf 
bat they arife to a great number, and mult be attended with a very 
considerable expeKte. * ■ 5.1 

Art. 3c. Ykt Vaax-Ml* Affray \ or, the Maccarooies defeatev-r 
being a Compilation of all the Letters, Squibs, ftc. on both Side* • 
of that difpute. With an introductory dedication to the Ho*, 
Tho. Lyttleton, Efq; 8vo. is. 6d. Williams. 1773. 
Tht cirenmftances of the fracas at Vast hall, between the Rev. 
Mr. Bate, on the one part, and a corps of faring, bullying geoek* 
men on the other, have been fnffictently related in the London news- 
paper*. There is nothing here added to the letters, &c. whicfe ap* 
peared on that occafion, except the dtdtcmhn ; in which the general 

character and conduct of Mr. I. are treated with great freedom 

and feverity. 

Art. 32. Efiy sw the ChoraHtr^ Manners^ and Genivs tf Wenhtn 

in dtjfrrtnt dgu. Enlarged from the French of M. Thome*; By 

'Mr.Rofiell. izmo. z Vol*. 6 s. bound. Robinfbti. Vfffk^' 

In the Appendix to the 47th volame of oar Review, we gave ad 

account of Monf. Thomas's Eflay, which, Mr. RuiTell fays, is indij- 

fmtsiiytbt tmfi ihgaxt and msjt fhilofifbical treatijt en tbt ftmnh ntiht 

mdfmml* tbmraatr that has yet appeared. 

. * But, notwithstanding thefe excellencies, continues he, it ap- 
peared to the Editor to watt a good deal more than tranftatkm'to 
make it fatisfaclory to the Englim reader. The fentences were often 
complicated, and the paragraphs tedious, fi 'had none of caoft 
larger divisions which are 'fo neceffary to relieve the" Mind; nor any 
of thofe inferior ones which are not kefs effenrial to the peWpkniry* 
of. xeafoning. He therefore in fome meafure decompWndedlt [ M 
{plit the fentences, broke the paragraph!, and divided the work tea 
parts and fc&ions: He omitted fome things, and added MhtfK 
What relates to the progrefs of (bciety in Britain, -5* entirely WJW; 
Jo jhort, he is an fiver able for the defect: of the Eflay, as it now ap- 

Monthly Catalogue, Jt/o/ftf*, tft« 


pc»n | twaitfH h* hat not the vanity to elaja i» bcnotira. :Tan& 

wr^ arc acquainted with the original, how/ore/, ht dock* not, will 

hi* labenn.' 

x*t credit o«V.- w<)> aic aeqoai-ued wi'.h lire original trill give 

we know no: : aa for us, we (bill oo4» 

t* to him) that :ae irmllation is far hrom 

Iwg «» ><. »cc that what ke iayt (diamine the p regret* 

A DiO'tnary «/ Jnutm G f g r sfb), explaining the local 
red,, and Rokv&xi Hillory i exoibiiioj 
Joeni, and Situations ot Cittci, cVc. And ilhal 
■nail- :** AIM DM and EpiinOtI it- <»e (ntttfc |«d rtaftfn 1*0*0 

1 .iHhcd by proper Authcrkiet, 2nd defigned for the 

.oofti. By Alexander Maebtao, M. A. aVo. 7 a, 

Boend. RotvCon, *cc. 

T*c Di a. or alphabetical i*cr'f», j> cet:*inly (he rat 

ean^ease*;. -Rvl ufciu), fi»r a ttork of tfcia kind.— The Author 
1 »«t only dta« tcj former dkii:marirs> b«t hath confnlted the ancient 
j>n-gf*c-k«.-:. without neglecting Other aethon. He has, in fo 
degree, enlightened aeticne by aaodern geography, having given tl 
twain hi ©I place* ficm Jeter obfcivatiom* Name* nro often chauy- 

Mt place is aluayi the Came, and to kuo* it caactir is aWrara.i 

ic^tta* 1 '* the erne Scot ti lb iiliom. * titer* 

M . ^ ir^th thr . uhoae kaowlcge of the plot* was 

1 1 --.c lUaefort uied an beat nauat, with aaodcrn 

Put p. iv, 

ree itiih Mr. Macbean. a work of this kind hat fanj 

hiiag; th** 1-tge tolio compiutioiis being too uti«VldT 

•' a/a»'a book being loo general, aod. fcvhard » little rnore 

* Thi» ks.nit, lays he, is no*' lupplied ; and die 

iuiurc, onuic «*&!« aianWnllaati i!ic narra- 

.. inning*, of ancient fta*atn>«n» and 

. r.t poeu.' 

<a a£s bun Jaapul jafly careful in citing nil turfrr-irYr/, 

Bioalrrn writers* a cucumlUiKc which uCViacr* 

, anleair: ;;, wbjeu h-ttc been employed 

1 ir.UpIan. 

J Co WT HO V BR t I A L, 
1 if /fkrtJfam ; jo wl^ch it <ar * jWaroV 
*« >.-///rr*f J*J*b, $vwlss:p lh* eti;*xt*tt of £tjk*p 
*fii* test Svfy,? *rr fitftialrr!, ,,. 

.,— W. ; M. fro. 4'. in Boards. W<lk*c v 



tla pa^ieation it, f. Xo Ihnw that, the feeansogly 
»tt/>t)nt:ww ««4 ancbfliAiaj* j»<idee.H of Abrahaa'a liir will be 
r*+i . pe<l»n to be ihe ordeily pa«u ot one entire «. 

aaai pregnant wicb uaforiita-.Kn. If, Th.iC the jew:fh 
obeariftc* w*j itiitiiuccd at the covenant of cireomcifton. HI. Tbn 
>f »r* of the throcr^cy, and thr ennftdm 
1 he delegates or <Jod (a ftnfe, as wili be fit en , 
warr, -Ifvrd an <aey anei Ktvratc itiWipteuvvov* ^ 

the r mcerawg tfic lcepcre of jue^h, ^ti4 tccA^tt»- 

$ji)/ ron^rifleac/i oror. r r 

156 Monthly. Catalogue, Re!igkus % &c* 

Tic Author, according to this plan, enters into aparticvhu; 
/idoraiion of the evcots which arc recorded in' the Old'Teftarmtnt ■re- 
lative to Abraham ; many or mod of thefe events he regards as tarr- 
ing 1. 'figurative meaning; and herein he ma/ 'poffiHy be rr^ht; 
though having fallen id to the allegorizing humour he may, perhaps, 
extend it beyond thofc bounds which the fcriptures will warrant. 
la hi* account of the commaod iflued to Abraham. concenfiag^Hls 
{on Ifaac.hc fclefls the fubliance of what Dr. Warburtbn ink^fo 
largely written on that fubjett. What is peculiar in the book fecYns 
to be ihc.fuppoiition that' the Jewim theocracy commenced at the 
time when circumcifion wji* nxft instituted. On this ground he en- 
deavQur* jo illuliraie the famous prophecy concerning t\izfceptns *tf 
deforcing frcimjudab. He fuppeks, with Dr. Warborton, that by 
tne/ceftF* we are to underlland the theocracv, or that extraordinary 

frotection and government of the Supreme Being, under which the 
fraeii ecs- were received. The Biftiop of Glouccltcr imagines that thii 
.extraordinary djvine government of the defcenJants of Abraham fi'rft 
took place at (he time «hen Cod-appeared to them at mount Sinai ; 
but in this Writer's view the words of the prophecy imply, that the 
fctptrt* whatever it fignined, was already in the hands of Jadah ; 
he therefore concludes, with fome fnew of reaf,n, that the theocracy 
was originally ordained at the feafon above-mentioned. His fappo- 
fitioa is ingenious, and not ill-fopportcd ; but he is rather jhwkx 
and tedious in fome parts of hie performance. The difteitation on 
Jacob's prophecy is chiefly formed of extracts from Sherlock, War- 
burton, Newton, and the Old Teilament. As to his obfervation rfrat 
theencmics of Jodah were delegates of God in his government, we 
do not meet with a great deal on the fubjeft, and it appears to us to 
amount to no more thap this, that they were inftruments, as all be- 
ings are, in the hand* of Providence, to falril its purpofes. 
Art. 35.. Meditation^ en the beafons : Spring, Summer, Au- 
tumn, and Winter. By the Rer. Robert IVciton, M. A. |ltno» 
21. fewed. Dilly. 177;. 

Thcfc plain and pious observations and reflexions are hot re- 
jnaikablr for the beauties of campofition, or for fprightlinef* of fen- ; but they are apparently publifhed with a good intention, 
and (icm calculated 10 awaken the reader's regard to the fubjecti of 
religion, affiil him in drawing fpiritual improvement from the 
objects of nature. They have chiefly a practical tendency, the Au- 
thor having, very wifely, taken littla notice of the points in difpate 
among Chriiiians of different feels and denominations. 
Art. 36. The or'igmol and frffent Sta.e of Men briefly confidered\ 
v henin i» (heun the Nature of his Fall, and the Neceffity, 
. Means, and Manocr'of hi.*- Refloration, through the Sacrifice of 
Chrift, and the fcn£ble Operation of that divine Principle of 
Grace and TrmK.held forth to the World by the People called 
'Quaker*. To which are added, fome Remarks on the Arguments 
or Samuel Newton, of Norwich. By jofeph PJxipps. 8vo. as. 
Nicoll, £:c.. l>73- . . 

iv;r. l'iuppa. appears to be a fenfible and pious man: bar he is a 
vcrbofe. wiiur, iiiid engaged in a my flic, kind of divinity which af- 
hto> )um foiiic peculiar, latisfaction, though it may be difficult for 
him to c.\phio or fupport it. The Qu^tivYva\t^ca^Ni&dir3eirnjt 

2 " VttAWtt* 

Monthly Catalogue, rRArgTm, 


«s to 


-it jc.'.ii at i ; i ind lkclci iiou,- 

i a 

w»uy tui ;v 


tul e 

Ucttf a mi . 

tiubfy Alio 
rjc c:oi 

thifi f»r». « 

.id R«vktv o? :: 

*l TWkh, arc £:: 

lute Nc 

cf th« (^aakf r» |-"rint : rlr: , i 

: : ' VJ. 

■ ri Mr. New) 

•flare d 

. h rvmi 
if ibe n*tfat*f ' - 
Many nc«.inj» ifct* 

i *» many iim*j are brOs. 

. my*/i*f, j' affierg «9jr COttgregXfiOti Of rcpo?c4 
c^ ru-rr, the fcflfc <■*"*** yearly .in. 

' '* ,m l one*. A great Lacker 

lew j*3ri tg6, aid »**u< i 

i ' f i . - ." 

->f ruSif.:; az>d at 

tig m<n ainonv tVicm, wVj 

J58 Monthly Catalocue, Retigiousy &c, 

higheft prctcnfioai, em to the gift tfJifieraitig A' r Piuh}^ Sh^fSJv 
ttefcreateft 6tgnK*ik/iIli6i&9 ipa y^a^^ M^-)99| 1 JP< k 
pofed on mure thm tjie reft.' ' '. "*' ' , '^ 

' 'Theft are Tome of tlm writer's reflccVor's i : he'recms to.^cc^l 
vctj Well in fievtral of his replies to trie obferrations ai .J arguuipiiw 
tf rJte CJnakers, anff td have ■ true fpirit or gopd-wijl to all 

ift -add; -flat he often appears rather aVaYcepticaj 

sfiird: Wtwe moft add; fliat he often appears 

anthbrV tfnlfcttW nf-lpTprracipIej, and therefore in fome danger cj 

throwing all things rffto doubt and perplexity, Ijc haVdc&rtcd. 

Qgakcnfui, But obferveY," that 'though the Quakers decry h Jr.ian 
rcmTon, ihe thinV* thWr principles and practices are more rational % v: 
(betuSak r fhaji thoft of "any other body of refigionifts.' A remarjc- 
able ebncefioo from one who prorefledlv writer to confute fome 0/ 
their mot CAoflderable champions .' if thefc arc the hioft VStionaJ, 
what notion 1 mirft he form of all the other denominations of Chsiftiacs? 
Art. 38. A Trtatifi conarmitg teltgkus /fjpaiony. Part '-.Ccjjj^ 
^fcerninj the Nature of the Affections, and thpir Importance, .yi^ 
T JUllg4on. Part II. Strewing what ara no certain Signs that t^# 
gibus Afteetions are gracious , or that they are.not. Part UI S S.hffsft 
uig wSat are dSftinguifhing Signs of truly '.gracious and hrity )^ n 
/fecucms. By Jonathan; Edwards, A. M. and Pallor of the .^i|, 
Church in Nprthampton. 8ro. j s. Dill/. . %< ,a,\ u 

' TEis appears to us to be a republication, in North Britain, o/jj, 
work formerly printed in New England. v Jt is probable that its nfc 
was bwing to fome difputes about religiouj experiences, csswsjrjftslfo 
&c. which have often obtained in the chriAian world* The pipfls^ 
and fenfible Author, for futh we apprehend him to have^en* .waj, 
defircais to fet his fellow chrifUans right on fucb topics, and, leatL. 
them to regard fincerity as the matter of principal moment. Hc^if-,, 
covers in this view confiderable knowlege of the workings .of the 
human heart, and' of the fubterfuges, vain imaginations and pretences , 
to which perfons fometimes have recourfe under, the appearance*j ofj 
piety. lie is a Calviniftical writer, but a hearty friend, to hoJincfs , 
and woodworks. His treatife, though well defigned, is heavy and. 
tedious : be dwells long on his fubjedt, and feems in a anger, after all 
his care, of perplexing and diftrefling fome well-difpofca minds, and 
perhaps leading them fometimes into miiUkm concluftons and en- 
thufiaftical reveries. _ # " J( 

Art.. 39. A Litter to Dr. Balguj^ on the Stthjeil of bit Charge, 

delivered to the Archdeafwry •/ rViHthejler, in the Year I77Z. Wi^ , 
a Poftfcript, relative to certain Obfervations contained in the Charge 
reflecting the Diflenters and Toleration. By John Palmer. Svp.,, 
1 s. Johofon. 1770. 

Thofe who have read Dr. Balguy's Charge, with any degree of 
attention; cannot well be furprifed to fee fevcral anfwers to it* It would 
have been ftrange indeed, if fo extraordinary ^.Charge had, palled 
unnoticed. The principles advanced in it are fo.inconfiftent with 
the principles of genuine proteftantifm, and it contains fo maapf 
ftrange and contradictory notions, to fay nothing of its mifrcprefejs- 
tat*ons, that it affords a very favourable opportunity for confidering 
the abfurdity, futility, and inconfiftency of it in a variety of lights. 

}fir. Palmer places the Doctor's millakes in a clear and aillinft , 

point of view ; he ihews, by plain and notorious facts, that many of 

• j - Wa 

Monthly Catalogue, Rtfywtift. 



iVc biz 


• ' r, 
(* j) yu-u piece, 

toe eoeeer* 

clerg) . 

hli lifcrtioot tad inl'-naaiioris arc cnttfejy ^foandUf* : he i 
iuc thf Doc^Cff his! iUUc«i 

u have i bich you sire 

when you employed your JmV 

r*tȣ# to she ctitfgi I - -':h : 

uVicoarf, lo *txc<3 wW fi "1 If^ftft ^trfflff *r ,v '~ 


to fix iKri i fuujeu 

■vto. you 
- Thtrt *cc* boM 

.'. J *», or'ttui tclergymin null l/e, fA (^Yie, an open, pUui* 

tsplr-htanrd creaure; but there are men. and their numbers aca 

jrrtr, ■•- thJt the artifice* ol pp] i«ty 6oo- 

*. ander ft : llaftl the nearer A 

. fell in the ligufc of loiojl. 

■'one he r; ene.: i t>f 

«rf the Gt^w/, an.^ rank' i •':? ifftirt wMch io) 

i .' *ou will fay. whit ftoaU be the object •fa 

a, it not an '* i;;;ick on uux ecckiklliuat elU- 
WrfsF n> pta«iunle. By 

:hr relsoioi 
bv . ■' *. ir i:i..ij t i.i rate j irut which tc chufea aad pic- 

■-ury oF4n clergy ii» to leave icligior. to h:> care 
Rutland, indeed, if aiu irift an aire- 

to pifOttw him 
If be cooftoes, the k».^/!//jji^ cie/gy arc bound to jcqui- 
b.eir oaaflee'i dcci&on, ind ought not to I tmfcjvca 

*afi axd pallion*, though htjliv-U ifonte iiii • •■ t/om 

;.i*f*ul*cr; wii.ili, I ; ; » *eri re 

- . \ Mf,' 

, and cV. "out 

: 'iurbed 
■warn <iil 

V wre:l<r pn arc qcite ir rarpeft ;n 
%»3t jva lar wr(. nun- J 3(1 I 

. I have been co^iio * : wc 

.i:ki| 4ud i .xl cli-i- 

. lie 

:ompare4 to tfc • fecM Aibantsfisvtt h»*f riven 

• »u*r, who, rnc Ji/ e»t judgment • ..*• 

rcjcjuutkaj ditiaC. i "ihc 

<&Bftb tumbling dot* n. 
tanging t-; -, flead of bearinp 

160 Correspondence. 

political eft, he beholds the church fettled firm on iti foundation, 
fair and flourhhing, and the petitioners coming in white leathern 
aprons, their trowels in their hands/ and plaifter of Paris ready to 
adoiVaodVtoeautify the building ; and whilft, in his ettbfiaflieat nature, 
the' soar man ftands weeping over the ruins of fo (lately a fabric ; in 
his ftfftStai Harare he is laughing, and bleffing himfelf that all is 
fife, and' the church in no oan-cer. I make no doubt, Doctor, 
tier you'effurd, if you pleafe, (how the excellence of the petitioners* 
Yc,heme in a- much better manner than you have fliown the evil ten- 
dency of it.V 

\ ' As there are, ac this time, feveral writers of the name of Painter, It 
may be' proper to obferve, that the advertifement prefixed to this 
Letter, is dated at Macclesfield, April 27, 1773. 

t . S E R M O N S. 

h At the Parifh Church of filofield, in the County of f^or&Ik, At 
-,,4l»e..A*chdeacon*s Vifiution,. May 27, 1773. By James Carlos. 

A- M. Chaplain to the Bifhop of St. David's, aadRe&or of Blo- 
, &ld.. 6d. Nicoll. 
H.. At .Oxford, before the Univerlity, July 11 , 1773. By Henry 

Whitfield, O. D. Vicar of Brightlingfea, Effex. 6d. Pridden. 
JJJ. Before the Univerfity of Oxford, July 11, 1773, Ad-Sunday, 

at St. Mary's. By Thomas Griffith, D. D. Reftor of Biihop's- 

Scolcc, Hants, aud Fellow of Pembroke- College. 6 d. Rt- 

vjngcon. t 

IV. The Cbfiftian a/firing U Heaven— On the Death of Mrs. Soiai* 
fiaii tiriuin, lare wife of the Kov. Mr. John Britain. Preached, in 
Church-lane, Whitechapcl, July 13, 1773. By Samuel Stennet, 
D.D. 6d. Buckland. " ' 


TH E Letter figned Br. Etonieus is received ; it contains a num- 
ber of valuable hints; but we apprehend that the Writer did 
not mean to have his Lcirer printed. 

A. B.'s Letter is very kind, and candid ; but he is defired to re- 
flect how difficult inuft be the attempt to fettle an Inaex Expurgmtt- 
rius, with refpect to the literature of a free country. As far, how- 
ever, as is confident with a due regard to the real and /acred interests 
of Truth, and to the natural claims of free and fair enquiry, oar 
Corrvfpondcnt's judicious hint (hall he attended 10, 

In our account of M. de Luc':, work on the Barometer, in our lift 
Appendix, page 577, line 26, for ' fedentary barometer,' read % fi+> 
thnarj barometer.' 

In the fame Article, page 579, in the propofed emendation of Du 
Carta's barometer, we neglcfcled, and perhaps it was fcarce neceftary, 
to obferve, that when the tube has been fu Micicn tly inclined fo as to 
raife the water to the top, the lower extremity mould be flopped 
with a finger, before the fealing is broke off; as ocherwife the mer- 
cury would inftantly defcend into the bafon. When there is a fenfi- 
blc quantity of air at the top, the neceflary degree of inclination 
jwa^y be eafily eftimated after a little experience. 



For S E P T E M B E R, 1773. 

WW. Dmbfiftj 9/ Ltaen fkt*i the Greri. Svo. 51. Flexncy. 

UC I AN, who, arrong; the authors of antiquity, ftanrf* 
L> »l»ort aJonc io (he walk of humour, hat at length hid 
'X lit lo Mi facetious Dialogue, in anEngJifli tranflation, 
Nor is ic fo very extraordinary that wc have bad no adequate 
tiniabon before. The uflc is not fo cjfy as it may appear 
^em 9 flight idea : to tinke crt" the peculiar genius and cha- 
ncier of ancient humour, and at the fame time to prefer vc the 
?edom of our own language, require* a conftderabte 
ftarcof laftc and jqdfimeru, lie (uch then the prefent Tran- 
praife, ir' the Public, on pcrufmg the following fpe- 
uaea, ihill be willing to allow it. 

Timran, haiing by indifcriminarc liberality, wafted his for» 
tone, Jupiter and Mercury, out cf ccropaCion, (end Plutus to 
rafcera bun from the labours of the fparie, and to reinftace him 
»•" opufrace. No fooner have his new rocunes taken place, 
laan the 6me fwarrn of paralitica! vermin, that devoured his 
fcrmer, begins to buiz about him again. The \t eha- 
ftcttta and treatment make up the comic humour in the follow- 
ing piece ' ue: 

T J M N bavi kg jail dug up his new-ic-und gold] 

•y! whit is cm here? fwarms ofdufty felloe 

pi aH a' pufing asJ Mowing — 1 limey 

] kaic a good miftd ro get upon thu bank, that I may pelt rhem 
•Jr titter/ with Aonei— >o~-I will break n e-nce — f wilt do 

fpeakin^ to them, that my contempt of them 
H their rcr* fouJ>, That. J think, wit! be beft. So I *:!! 
ity bete co receire il:cm. So! who 11 this that come* I 
Gauhomiei trtr r Be lately offert# at ft batter, ci*H pen- 

i!<rrun ! *hrr- I occ^n bav a furper. TV 

rafcil erenow baj fwLJci maey a noj^ead cl my wiur. However, 

Voi.XUX. \%» 

16*2 Carr'i Trattjlation of the Dialogues ofLucian. 

1 am glad to fee him the very firft man : he (hall hang his lip prf 
fently, I warrant him. 

4 Gnathohidrs. I laid the gods could never long neglect fo 
worthy a gentleman ! the handfome, good-natured, generous, jovial 
Timon ! Sir, I am your moll obedient fervant. 

* Timon. What ? the moft rapacious of all vultures ! the greateft 
villain upon earth ! Siryour's! 

1 Gnathonides. Still the fanie I fee— witty, fond 6f a joJce-^ 
Bvit where mail we be jolly together ' 1 have juft got one of the rare ft 
catches you ever heard : 1 will fitig it to you. 

4 Timon. With this fpadc I will teach you the fined «l«sgy in the 
world, fo pathetic, fo— 

4 Gnathonidbs. What now? Surely you do not ftrike me? O 
dear I O dear I O dear 1 — he has wounded me fadly. Bear wit uck— 
you flisll appear at Areopsgus for this. 

* Ti won. Stay one moment longer, and you may lay your in* 
diclment for murder. For as fure as — 

* Gmathon idbj. No, no— But pray now apply a little gold to 
the wound : 1 have heard it is the bell thing in the world for flop- 
ping of blood* 

* Timon. Are you not gone ? 

* Gnathonides, I am going. Plague take yots ! what an al- 
teration here Is indeed ! - 

* Timon. But what bald-pated fellow is this that cornea now-? 
Philiades, the moft execrable of all hypocrites! This hontf maa 
bad a whole farm of me, befides two talents for his daughter's portion, 
for praiftng my finging. When nobody elfe had the afTuranc* to 
fay a word, 'he fwore my note was fweeter than that of a dying iwan. 
But, when I was lately taken ill, and thought he could not do kit 
than afford me every kind office, behold ! my gentleman hit me a 
Hap in the face, for prefuming to expect it. 

* Philiaofs. What impudence! Now, I fuppofe, yowJtuow 
Timon ! Gnathonides now lorfooth vouchfafes a villi ! he uprightly 
ferved, and no otherwife than fuch a fellow deferves. It is for ■*» 
who have been his old friends and companions, to pretend to fotak 
to Timon ; and not for fuch upllarts as he is. And yet I wmsMaot 
intrude neither. My worthy Sir, 1 hope 1 fee you well. Yo«.»b- 
ferve thefe faithlcfs parafites, true ravens, never prefent but when 
there is picking ! there is no putting truft in man, as the world goes 
now a-days. Vice and ingratitude rule the roait ! As J was cotbiaf 
along, bringing a talent, for your honour's ncceflary occaiioirs, -1 wa* 
agreeably fur prized with the news of your fudden and taft riches. 
However, as 1 was almoft here, 1 took the liberty of coming on, 
juft to hint to your honour what you have to truft to amongft men. 
Not that a gentleman of your underftanding needs to be told any 
thing, who might very well have been privy counsellor to Neftor 

* Timon. To be fure, Sir! But approach a little nearer, Ptsf- 
Iiadcs. Let me juft (alute you With my fpade, for the fake ofold ac- 

1 Philiades. The ungrateful monfterhas fractured ray ftall, f 
irally believe $ purely for offering my friendly advice. 

• Timon. 

Cirr\ !>i$&rf&* j/r*^ D/aUgm if tktkk. i 63 

1 Tiv-cr. The i v i:J man that comes u Demcas the ora:or, a 
precious fcoeodrc! ' He fcat n rfi \\t hand .-: i 

be my ret* :h. Thn I d been lined lixteen :a!en:i, 

tad was io nil /or ihc debt, which, out cf 

»i«, and fee htm at liberty- lie happened CO 

have the diflnbutwaj of the c (fee tribe or' ErccaUa 

; 1. and brg/rd of Kim to gi»c tnc what fcl! to my lharc. 
i'y he wat in donbe ol my be ing a ci. . 

• DiHlU, Hail' Tunon, ortwi n«M of thy f-ce, pillar of Athent, 
bilwark -jI Gtcvcaj 1 the people in ull convocation, and both the 
coins await your orders ' But, in the till pUcc, be rlcafed to bear 
Oc bill, «hxh I hare cot putted in y '' Wocteas '! | 

brattles of Colyitm, nor ontv remark] 
vrtBf hi a rnan net to 

bt paralleled in Urccce, hat never coaled through hii whole I 
utftr catraoriir.iry favour* on the common** .. come off 

sifttftoaa ir» bos j Q d running a; tBo Olympic games, 

C in oar day; betide* :! — " 

• Tmo*. • W»y, man, I oever law the Olympic game* in m/ 

1 DfMf>:. Prftar? *hat fi£aifics tlmf yop will Tec '.hem fesno 
time or other. 1 caufi £0 br ikr fur:;*— " I wooJtiful 

cf eroweft lail year at Ach- cut to pieces two diviliODS of 

iW rVJopoontvefians''— 

■O*. ijcnr? laercr bort arms in my life! J never ferrcd 
■»*• any expedition io my J*/* day>! 

• DitfiAi. Merit ij always modefl. flu; ill it would become as 
tnfcxget yo*r».— " In pai*xng laws, in ( 1 in the deld, 
Urh rtKcVercd fignal fervice to tf.e city : (or thefc and fun dry other 
ti*ki ticm thereon to moving, it hath leernrd good [: ' ihc Senate 
"ad pee in gencrii. anJ I tft parti- 
tila/, ta- erect a jjoJJcn llaiuc of Tiinon in ihc mu 
awy bcto Winer* ing a thunderbolt in his right- hand, ltd 
asking his bead fu wllfc ray* j lHat bfbf cvovwd **illl fcreo 
ride* crowns, as it to be j 0* Bacchus 1 (for oa 
Tiaaooa accouot it i> kep; thia day). Thi: deem ■■ laced 
*y Dcwcau the orator, slic near reiauon and difciplc of Timon, of 

aooarbo exeeli it; oratory, as in every iMnc c'.fc vihich bs t» 


piraJed to ondenike." Sock it the decree. . IfTicJ 

*anhe bonogr ci introducU^ my (00 to yoo, uhom 1 have prefdmed 
WtaJI by y<; 

ii is abfo!u:eJy the flifl time thai I have hcarJ of 
^ear Uing msrned. 

• Diat***. I hope to be mJirrin! thr next yew, whiCJ wilt be 
j«4 ai *e!J And, as toon at Providence (ball haV« mf - 

I endca/Baeots with a male child, I will CCrUloIy name him 

1 Timok. There ! take tUa; f Now what Jo jou think cf mar- 


' Uiut*». What avow ? Oh dear ! oh ! do you fe: uo (bf a ty. 

.-rea (geh a feDo* a >0u, an alien, preiume to ftnka » 

tiena* i 3«t you iha/i Oe tuoufht Itfott your bcueis, lot W^*v.£ 

164 CatV* Tr anfgtm tftbt DiaUpvs •fLutitm 

the citadel on fire, and Sot many other crimes, which yc* havss 

nutted. 1#M ...;.-. .. • 

* Timok. Bnt the citadel has. not been Ctt on fire i ihcr 

* Demias. Button have enriched yonr&Lf by breajdsy^Sqi 

treafury. '4 *■'•**> 

* TiuoN. But it. has not been broken into; tWrCj agaji 

* Dimbas. It will be by and by. Thongh indeed you, Ja 
the richei of it already. im / 

* Tiuoh. Take another blow then. 

' ■ DnMiAS. Oh my back! my back! ,!"*-, 

" * "Tiuoh. Come* make no noife, unleft you want another < 
lame fort. It would be a great frame truly* if J, who, un'ab 
'cut in pieces two divifions of the Lacedsmonians, CouU) noj' 
the bones of one poor rafcal. 1 ihould be very little the belie 

%eaft), briftKngnp his eye-brows, muttering fome mighty mas 
timfelf, looking as gruff as you pleafe, with his hair fUa$9 
fflort, another Boreas, fuch as you fee putting and fwellins JL 
'pnthe northern edge of an old map. This man, whoft'a 
demdmbnr are fo decent and xnodefl, who is fo grave akd 
in a morning, will «• you over twenty fine fpeechcs.irjT "' 
Tietv and Virtue, and Moderation ; moft devoutly ccty 
tboie who tread the fiipocry paths of pleafure. Bnt when 
from the bath to a good topper, and the fervant haa a : 
w4th a plentiful cup of good wine, which he hates to '{' 
water; the deficidus Lethe quickly makes him forget . 
'cbtdVms of the morning, and Thj-afyclcs can be as jovii 
of them. Voracious as a kite, his bufy arms defend tb!el 
bending over it, his beard ftreaming with gravy, he .jpj( 
half-ftarved hound, exne&iog, no doubt, to fwallow his i 
tirvae in thelafl; remaining mouthful of fome reUlhlng^tai 
though that induftrious finger of his permits no javoury u$ 
lutk m the difh, yet he is perpetually grumbling;, aslf ha 
Ibn'to complain of his Ihare ; though he has fecured aQ the j 
with the entire boar. After fo much cramming, he raS i 
dances, fings, fwears, and quarrels. Meanwhile every J;' 
prefaced with a panegyric on temperance and fobriety, "J 
out as well as drunken philofophv will allow. Next b^gi# 
ration of his emetics, Jail of all they carry him off, chnj 
both his hands to a wench. When this man is. (ober. \ 
one to go beyond him, in lying, impudence, or" ayaxice. 3 ll 
tickle your vanity fo rarely, fbrfwear himfelf . fo ' rcadify, jm 
pofe upon you with fo grave a face, as isndt'any wntfVto^N I 
Jed. In Jhort, he is a finithed piece, nicely touched off, and 
ftaiy fine. Yet perhaps the good creature can howl a little.— \ 
Thrafycles ! I have impatiently expected this favour. 

' Thrasycles. I do not come, good Sir, believe me, fm 
fame rcafoa that others do, who, knowing you to be an honefi < 


Can'/ TmJUtm oftbt Diakguei tf Lutimti 1 6 J 

Wirrrrl otfofpr^irjr nin, espe$, fcy dint of * ftattrriag fpeech, » 
get from you your raouer or your fup f<r. Timon needs not be told 
W« tiak i cfteetn what » eallH good Irving. The finpkft of ttl 
i»d». a litUr crcffci, a little thyaar, enntrnti nir: eiccpt **hco I 
-i.c a mind tu n-fcjfc ; for then I »dU a Jurlefak. My drir-k comet 
from tic clcax i'.. Ao4 au olJ dc j^ it more to- ray fai 

.a the fin. rbf gold, I value it no more than 

the taeaaeft pebble. >'*r be ii from mc to eftecai futh UAjttitory 
raafctesl ft w*t oft) alvantage, 

cuae hither, belting of yn-ur dangerout fituiiioo in tfce midn nf mo! 
*TMl*r*+\, «ort cVimeiite ricSct, nfpeafeable mif. 

taeet. U jk» ufce ay advice, 70a vV.ll throw nil yotf nionc 
the fea | Hi, fare I jdi, a rood roia, who know* the vilue of phi* 
bfcpbr, can hare no oc.-.. -;i fur any othet wealth. Or, ff| 
»oa juifl flep g- i 10 the mtJiUe, ltd drop >our bigt quiet) 

ato the IhaiKv writer, wliiJr there i; aobo-Jy to l«e you befr 

, if you Jo not towril approve of that, you* any 
lioufe in patccli. ami m Unu propar-. 

felf. Bu; J 
-, ifaphilofopfcr; mould COM . be*ouJ<i 

>hle or treble fliw, u it it moil fitting. Not that I 

tr« i tfiont J deiirc ar.y t Though! to be faff*, if I 

I coald do good with it aanonRIt QtJrieaaV - Thii 

ckr» not tukJ c^aicr two A-p** balheU. Jf yoa 

W tl- it tar rat, I ihouid be iatiined. . JOf) 

:>ught to be conteatcU MrUa a fcttU, ao<i o>oi caet*.! 

• I Jet. 

i , . 

KlhytJur w»a!Jet. ■ ■■• meafure o: v.- ui fcc 

I nay match it '. ■ ttruty ainj. 

Taj* arret.*?. Hero ii flno woi It ! wti>t*ill thii worW «omV 
r Wfccre axe your iawi and yuar libaffij if an haneft nria u to> 
■ header b> i vile tatoati t 

g^KKl Tarafyd**. c>> not Ve ao#fv* I (mw¥* 
Ratiie; than you 3io jJii compiiin, I ^»lT x ivo y.oy 

le^cn: ci ., rny pcoe fjo . ■ 

trhsd nar<fdr ( : even gn upon .1 <-:. t" J p',- 

. alho-ACrof llo 
;*$. Forbear! •fcTbear 1 \re arc all goiny. 
* TfWOir. Not ■itaoat krildg a iiubc hgootl, I Ocixvc.' V 

The Author, 111 his preface, (rem* CO heao^iy, on fame ae- 
aaut * <- WertyyRLvicTrrrs ;• 1>j( ojr rcfifflmrlf 

i-'cUway* iicritctd to juUkc. 



\\r .v- 

[ ,66 1 

A*-T. II* Of tkf 0'- t r/ 4 r S^ i if La*l**£4 *• 

THERE a not, pcrhj . Id vi pi u o^ophicil 

enquii of roar* cvirtou* ff*<uUtldn than r*r 

crtgtn ttmt p'^rtit *(<»*?.»*£(• i*** w the fcibjcft ©orr rnrluuri 

;«ft!fi£„ being iimrnmly cwinci' 
hiftorf i- r^r o( rfc* ha r 

rally an 1 ■ :f- 

lions in pli 

lu order co ; with any device of 

Aic<e{«, a gfcat •,-■;. :•, -, tj- 

aiiitt.l in tbc fame per Ion. J he wutcr 
;>r pofl'nllirtl of a truly phulofnc-hiral cufn of (Tsind, ni" loynrt 
ittdois\ciu, nice dHccrnmoic, critical lagaciry, and cxtrnl 

iiuii. If he tuppcr? tu be » jjcrfon of a bold yr J lirclj 
imap; tc may buiid a theory indeed tijvort a few facV 

. vruh pre*-, pljufibility, and Km. 

DCifoa. of real lcarni 
;; : 1 ttlr attention tn 
A uj, it would L-c th« 

acV "'rtWgr tkat : lie Author », in lev oral rcipKH, wel 
fjuajificd (or the -Jihcult talk h«: has •ndemken. He z ( 
(o kuve ftwJtcJ I jc i>jwcr», rubn?, tnd facuh ta oC human 
rure with great c*re; he Chew* a very con'/id.-rab c oV*ft* 

»I acumen \ he writes v.- 
a-td I r are well fnitcJ to hi" 

fattier .*, ihirgj he has undoubtedly adTaiHcd » bi 

nrt (on . i . flight and fupcdk 

th* (y.l<3(4 /vca^tf, i... . I be ilfcfpofcd to mace 

*b'f 4uVnvAfu;rt tvs i he meet* with of thi». Kind. 

Will conuccr that the Author, id many pim of hti rn^uu 
hadmy few-tighu to guide Win: it will hkewifc n'ai 
occur to h ; m, that j conjecture miy'apoear li ;■<, •, 
otic who ;-.tirely conftdcrtJ a lul 

who ha* not, ii n ahftird out. 

. ' o'uf< arc of - 

arM rr ;cntly will afford ] 

enca I to the generality <u /c*4trs ; yet toe r 

tranfitionk from one fabjcQ. to anotlicrr-aad rhc many hll 
faSs that arc fcattered through the whole, fame of which 
•uriov*, and hut lade known* aye a vtty a-mcjUe rel 
have afforded u», we rnuft acknowledge, both entertal 

and inGruition. 

• _- 

* £a»d to be fatten bj tac riara: ben. Jxmei Borne:, of Monl 
one of the L-j;di uf iiit Court of Scfion in Scotlind. 

Of tkt Uri'iix cnJ Pc*gr<fi 0/ LeK£*££4. Vol. I- 1 67 

The Diuuicr in vrh-cU the work ii introduced, is as follows; 

i- uur of fpeeth is (uppokd to be chat which ciueiv' dif- 

fcngvi**" Ei from to* hrait erfstioa ; and it truly to» if bxfpmr* 

+t ••tknlaad, net 00b ih< mere w>rdi oe l'etndi cf a U^uace, 

bui Us coacepiMtiu *J the sair.d that ere fijtiihcJ by taofe focedsi 

- nastfat uf ctrietu ixq-iio, fcsxn w he ace uc hare derived (bis 

[«»K>gj{itc oj osr esterc r how it ftrit hntni; 1*4 

by what a^r<cs U a«ired to ;*at ; Irate 41 prMetste-n eo wakh it has 

beef ' : arnjnfc us, ai leait n» ctlicr ares and nations or' 

'jd:ry becomes :bc 1. *in£. ** well as of 

IcsJl J* I>4CK tO WO*| 

»sy he nJffd the :r u-ifnout the u'< >*' 

reifM ipJ fpeeefc iv? hue no prrtf'nuoni to tuMmtity, i*of rsa w3m 

ssy propriety fc* called mi a 1 but nii.t he contrntrj to r- 

ike wtci ssjiaui* here below, over *hom wc sflumc f;> mucfi fepe- 

*r«Kc dominion cnicfty far mean? af the adtuuisgrS 

us. From this hnh of hum in future 1 * 

l miy be < <ade» , roor to trace its progr efs to ks 

Jin progreU, at; the indivtd^sJ, si very wott 

*«*:«•« 1 but we proeelc here to exhibit the (pew. -•- 

/ury.wiiJl mate ; i£ and li. tW de- 

El ; So! at 
t rod* cflayi, Arming 10 sk the rrn 
nskgRu! .. TheiabjrM 

nor ; no abihct , am 

t*viȣ P<- I of !:. Arid rhoagh I have met w 

(eocettJag it in thx rour> nf my reading, tftr/ ;rr fetfi aVfciW t*. 
tber r . a fatiiaed my curiosity. 

teuton 1 h-vc todoe«daaceo/"donc, aad jivo to too iwV 

lic, my th- poa litis fpbjctt wfiitt sre lac t'ruar of*msck study 

.jei with .lunie ii>: '.rveral teutf, 

s«e! ' lOXtvifLsy 

lumry, whci .. kp 


reii ;sadDur, v.i. ■ .■. : ■ my 

»«rfc» tint 1 hrf oprard a nrxr HeW oF <|<ctJrsurfcJ|»J tfl'vhtVS ereji 

•jtot« "»V I* "♦ "^f, by i*r* si beacoocto dtrrrt mto tbe 

: ctfurCe istcn of gltMft les»tii«>,' sad ibi)iu«*. 

' Tbe work will be divided issto rarer pirn. Tfc« «>^ will tsrat 

ri«DBisaje, and oi the ru;ui< 0/ tkejir/ iso^usges ; 

sj ^hsy saay be »yre properly csJcd. tudz esUya. awards ♦*** 

I hkfe wej ' 1 -e 

I : ■ • ....... 

Iflj, srsd ho ■*• it dirr-ra IrOtn u.*.:4J2<- 

1% tin: put of my work, I »J1 give - ilidfc 

_'«* Langsagru'buk appear to r.Pthc » oil in jnoft 

:.feaalofl. f will alro* treat ofyf>//, orcofapofition in wflrtls, 
Xtng to the *rt of language ; and I think i* vilt not ac 
brvi(n to n>y fabjeel to fsy famethinr likewiir of p*i't an 
best* sju of *ldCft U.icuage fbnti&ti tas ( . - t'ubjcil 

of is* tki\ :? part ivill be the (trr»p>u* of lanjjosge . of 

■ttck I ifaaU endearoar to afligti thr caefrs, snd uacethe pro^rels — 
Tst fir* part will be chtrHy pmlofophicsl, mixed h'^gv^t vtOfc % 

M 4. po4 


T.6B Qf th Ortfi* *nd Pr<%r*fi if Larpugt. Vol.1. 

good deal of hitoy, ted fatU, by which I mail endeavour to fap- 
poit my cbeotiei, and philoforhica! fpeculsiioaai The two laft parts 
via) be gttntnsticat std critical. Thr Aylc will W plain and di- 
daiuc, Inch at U liitabfc t> a lubjKt that U to be treated a* a maner 
of fcience J; will uui therefore hare that mixture of the rUrmksi 
aid /wrrrW, thai ii To ccctmon in the falhiutablc writiiif s of t*U 
age, apon whatever labir-A, and which plrafc* the vulgar w ouch; 
foe as I do not write tor (lie vulvar, 1 will not Acapt my liyle, any 
artore then my manor, to thcii UttcV 

Tbe full part of our Author's waiit u divided into three 
toots, and cath book Subdivided into chapter*. In the fit* 
look, he endcavutns to pru*c, from die origin and nature of 
ihe idea.: cwpreiT. frora the nature of artacu- 

Ittion, that laji t i»a^e ij not naharal Co oka. By !>rtf*ua$c he 
ni, iht fxfr/Jie* tj th nnvftivu #/* tk# m*d hf trlkuUt* 

According to this dehi cconfirra ofiwo things; 

MoieJy, founds, and the coKtpitorts of the mind ft|:nifie*1 by 
thoft four*)* ; the firft is called the moirriaU and the other the 
^reirtir.' part of 1-mgaage. Now tUe firft thin&, our Author fays, 

ia, whether lar^ua^c be at aO 

.;.. vi'/.V ketii? or whether, according to the 

lo nut Ipcak by mi tint, without uic or in- 

ie mannrr a«. wc perform many fundion* 

of Jic. unitnai iMturc f — Our Author* opinion it, that the &• 

culty of fp*c«.h ii ;i" i mrc to min,bur, like many 

other*, it accjihcd b*. tim , catno-t only (here rr.ull bate I 

fociety bc/brc language wav farvefttco 1 , but that it mult have 6nV 

Aitorf a eopwderabtc time, and other art* have been discovered, 

be' -vA found '»;n. Langiti^c appears to him of fo 4ihv 

cul: rot eufy to account, he ia)i, how u 

eoulJ jI all Wave l»ten invented. 

Be/ rcau of the faculty of fpeech in pun 

lfcw>k* %UftfCtf*T) t0 take a general view of thr capa< 
and habits of luman nature i and he enters into 
and ciai-wV' coucerntn* the nature end origin 

Mms — The bttt o vifwB, bethinks, that ever urn -mure of t! 
conception* of the human tornd, it that w*ii<h Plato hit t>lt 
sai in afte Yb&ttuity intn tkmCe which the mii. unm 

affiffancf if th* fi'iftt, and took which it forms lj 
Cut fueh ail'V 

« TnU divMion, fay* he, I preftr to all others ; beeacfr ;t m: 
tae prdf-erdUlin^ioa between foJj and *J*^, which n 
bcoot oft)»e view of a jwiilofophcr who treats of fucb a compound 

.— a corapoujid rjiat never can be property ajiaZv 
making x\m dtftinCtinn \\U\\ thr grratefl a 

K ftr;t*iti*i *fjin/t ; whicK undoubtedly are th« aft c : 
Jl ti 'ibecthtr; for it is not 'QC ftnft that ffr./rvn, I 

p 4/ tirrough the medium of fcafe. The other arc what I call AiU 

Of tki Origm **J Prnrtfs if Ltntuagt. Vol . \\ 16$ 

and irr 

i to ' . 

ir ">m die t: 

it\\ Cuch as arc dinattly 

■ ■ way 


and of 

arJn fmtr. t 

«« dcny.lhjrir. : 

Vrroj-Wp*, ate ultimately to be derhcJ i | 
matter. But with ticfr, the ideas of tic firfr cUfs axe more nc-iiiy 
amtmdUd; wbcrcu ;■■ • r kind i 

sni&d, and may he £ud :o fcv? of in Mt* jr< 
Jro* n. fhes. They mi) therefore &« called 

jcfli to the Itatc, not K*t#ra!i&j[ t*'i) t aa tic ctJacr* 

:h the 
lux wn by the name oTfi^fi ; the ticaky 07 which 

■. j call /a-t 
m**7. la the perecptico by fcm':. the mio*J i- k rod ** 

tttftiy furTive. itccsviaj; like *nx the imprt£ior;j cf 
jwk: bat in the other «ny of oj>eratinj. it rxcfu tVv 
jrff*9*+**j* power which i bcU <o be rbe aJftlngualh 
fit sictd, *od t'-c fpeeihe difference betwixt it nod body. Wfcei 
ifotfbcs (he mimii operate* io this laiivir, it ittrli in tuxivc 
, ted */u in a tnanrxx xnoce war Ay ot its divine erigiul ; 
acta in tie odtff My, it is to becoaiioVccd.u aiautf 

Wiethe? (i *ji aViya cMigeo <S «L 

.hcthcr there w*i ipcrao f iu 

cjuieiKr. when it derircd i 
cnKofllioH of a/bicb saVsii ir ia now only e 
rfMftVd, by the itapolftof fenfe, Co ttjrT ill' our krovK-dft . 
afcen ryataty****rt ta • fpceuUtiun nci tftbofllto 

t>tar Author proceed* ta» confidcf Mr. Loclco* dkiflon of 

wicaa into liaotc of (caution and zeAe&on \ »ni here he t<U* 

.. I.ucax has taikeJ very ct/afulodiy uj>dla>the SubjecaV 

nto the capital ctror <w con.'ouTvilaig tocjp u ot aw ton* 

tti {cidc, whiJi vc toe •iouccn of our. idea*, *ith the idea* 


Locke, fayafcc, wrote at • ciaae wfc*n Uo e*#a*iWfep* ( y, I 
• kfly, voagcav -*Ur ion doss arid iatj> ted* 

m iy*» 


v j:«* l -i ■ i trough-. tD coKJ^MMafdcxiuUa- 

. AaJ I niuft x3o*, taut I 0*.iak it wai i an^r xnars, 

i the aiElbnce of tcct», tx of the cotivc 

learot<i tha ;. to jo ferjicr in t.ic philofopl.) of mirrc thin 

H baa door. iM tow that Mr. Hxrrit has opened eo us the trea- 


j ;o Of the Origin <md Prquft c/ La%i*0ti. Vol. I. 

fuK» of Greek pftiMbpfc*, to confer Mr. Z^eer flill as a flacdud 
Ju> of i hiloiopkv. «oold be, to uic an antieat cocar ■ 
timi : *{ ro feed on *rtr»/ -- wa* diltove ?*,< 

havt been totoy, itAtt we retlora:: D of letter*, that ur.cfcrfloc< 
Creek ■»- - : !. or rxihips bewer, til 

;o my fri<nd, without fotpicioq of parti- i,« h«i 

Lao-AlcJ^c in t.i*: lAOgiup/- tfudy of iae 

t' man ihit h*\ li 
tvti tfce »! c wefiern parts 

me hid learned Or:. too . 

Upon the taking ninoplc, »m! >iaJ r>nt fane talle AbVBC 

. u l.m.w, inat wna: w.u i^a^I Bat 
was a bajtird kind of it. we im media cr>' fet up as miftej. 
.■«, and noatd nee-! nlori in philofoprty, iofl< 

humble fcMir- of tfcc antjeat malter*. In Out *3Y £>« C4r". 
ranee, Mr. flolfai and M . £«<$* in £: > i r 
inrr their time of left note. I would fain hope, I 

me to think to well of it, that Mr. - . Jt a fcc*}> • 

cart bod of philofophinng without the alTitlince of tic *m 
rehire the getiaine <-r«ck philofophy among in.' 

Th'ii h w\\ the only \ work h! 

he (he- :dncla for the Greek ph»!oi*>phy, au-i 

feerns ro think it prrfumpucm ia the modrr.-i 
lofopbrre without (he alii ft • nee of the antitnti. Toe pcru or 
th< Greek uxiilofopJicis will icr/ readily be acknowledged by aJl 
v/ho are converfant with their writing* ; but furely, it U porft- 
t!c, wuhout their dicrelioa or aflaftancc, to go as far in the 
philo&phy of tne human roted as they havedore • to f 
the cooirary >i» indeed, abl'urd and ridiculous i but (his br 
tbc b] 

Alter en: , at t>rcit lcr£fr«, ihr progrxt"-, of etc 

in th^ formation of iilc.i^, out AutS^eend; 
they are fcrroeJ, F*?4&i but in coafe<juerKC of *, 

r/arai dufciCACC, he lav*, between raw. 
mmd of a roan and I brute ; we have t>y ntture weau.' 

cj^ilitica (-> he expreCea it) than they, and a greater facility 
9<.fo*mift)t and tmprovitid; a-xhitt, but there <i do oihec Ojjftf- 
cjkc betwixt ui ami them. 

. £nvage> v we ate tcW, are it> ouiriincarer the natural P 
man than we, that it i» from them only that wc can fotm any 
ide* of lite ar^piaW aiture of man | swd our Author aiEim 
any man who attempt* to ferm a lyftem cJ 
what he obfervcj aifiong ci*iii**J oat - .will proi 

fyFlem. ^siit*. but of 4>n; and intiead of the aura<raf 

man, the workrnan(Lip of Gaa 9 WlS! exhibit j i .. 

Of ehi Origin and Prtgrtft ofLanfuagt. Vol- I. J71 

1 WppKMP tQ fotvr that ideas of external tiHcflt are 
<n cat-it, cot KM r//w ,*!/ cf the Blind upon \tk\(, by 
; iu o*n oper atiom, our Author pro- 
ceed* to tic*: or iTT(u-vLnt** t and na* no doubt of being able to 
cotmocc oery one who (ball think it irorih hit while to at* 
Mh) to hkn, t* '.ion is alrogctheT the work of irt, at 

k.ft of a babtt acquired by cuibn ami exe/ofc, anJ that we 
aft truly by future the viutvm pecut that H" 1 '« to he, 

1 able to prove, both from theory and Uvt* j 

, that we do not f[>ealt in tb-' 
of a.) oii.t:.. bci't .. i('C<!l*iioQ of jMfer*/, I 

»c ire bom, nc- u;-, audoentkew 

tv]v. ;ni with a gre;it ;Jc*l 
ie ten*e time ajfo we begin to form u 

ii'.v i made to fcrvc for both ; namely, that 

oar Bind:, 1: well aj oar bodily organs arc then *i?ik, and tber*- 

i>tc arc er>*b!c to j -rribraa (c>fr*l U ihcii. natural f« bat u 

v hev^.r irarjj »nd confirmee] by age. then *c both 

thiftk in-J fjx-V cjui 1* not true with rdpe^t to rlu*h'*£. I 

urrd to Jhow j aa4 with refpw to Uxa 1 - 

fcrll pjaee, that of all tbafe lavage* which tav© b:**, 

f Europe, not enc bad the uic of fpecta, 

thougn the/ kad a_I tho orgar 

fVm. ard i.gut » rn; I a* much at wit pof- 

fibtc. Wkcfl I :b«vr mind* -ere n cd by 

id of conve-i *iuoo or lotcrcourfc with their own (, 1 

»*d they come the length, ace 

l* at all, Onr 1 i thefc wai < >a worn of 

tt it late as :le reign of GeocgC J. aad fox ajiy thiotr I ktioa 
u yet aiive s at leaft I ana iur« he was fo Jom« yf.m ago. ife war a, 

a f*rfoa 

M boiJj. aa I hive becu i»for|oo- by 4 fwrfca 

- luuc IU I 

where he •.. d had an i 

; 1 he hii 
: make allowance for the «ii/fcr 
■ 1 

-rocd to fpca.. iliou : »ti . 

en rrft c;.: 
icw eric t;entlrip*r f-»«i 

U*H&» but a who'.* nation, if 1 ma; 

~yt tliC ufe of Jj»ci\h. Thi» 

-; arc fouiui m . 

. They ^ 


of ti 


, t,i»y v-oXk 'h-t; cf br-n: 
ofaetrogi " (Iitc»o»* and uiet;--; 1 ; 

fc f*Ai are rcUted 
and t wai fcrther cold Vy a gciuler.4n »60 ftoJoet 
to Angolii that there were lotne of them fstrn feet ai^h, and 

rjT OfthtOripnttiPttgrffflmpxgu Vol. t 

aid of ',.\crr. ; for wfeen tVey <f id 
:i-.^!, ih«-y were fan ro be tmn 
hey were titcftrJ. Bui enough ftom tie pv. 
aerorfeHMntioaed it .npfwartoeewtlo, that they ire of i r fpcci 
ellPSOjrh tier lure made feme jvog/eU i* Ux Jlrt* o* J; 
hoc com tot length el im^ui*:; *** «ccordr. or thi 

tVM Ji«vc been btOMglu to hu/opc co»ld 4*»k. and * 
ftj**BC *v • law at Tans nrr or* 

whofe tltin wii i>u*V .-net 

jutartl Cdriofuiei. I :tly en-; lhni>e*»d featsreiol 4 man 

ifi<l fru'iicaJuJy 1 wis informed, that be hia o.-gxes of p. 

riibttral yciuaf V i*dj 

6y drift 'rftAg ffiir;!'. Tie hi-l at mnch 
itiil w eoote be expedted from hit educatioi 
Hrtjc offices to the lady with rvlrom ho lived, bat r, 

I jo, of one of tScrn be'- i 
rrciKS gcn(!<0itt 10 uU toga 10 market for lum, 

* further, to Oiea tHe rfirliCulty Cf pre atmeiation, the I 
te-'Uio. that thofc who h*vc been Kcuftomed to fpr.. 
livcii caanot without \ht j>ieateft labour And rutin* It 
ivwrictf fmiiidi that they hiie not teen accuiomedta. T* 

iliac hm not hr ■ ,, ca» 

ever )c;rn to prcnouaee the 

i, that it, the ta- r 

EhcHAimnta cannot pronounce the .dpirated K, t: tj^t*' 

whuh *e in Scotland pronounc - - v i the ;.i . 

i Monuii, who "j 

■ / ' '-'' 

arc £JS 


■ • . 

ncm, they h. 
' cf£r*£. 

Munti *,* /, ant! *y which we reckon 
t confonanta that oar children 
that lk< Hurooi hare bo 

f all doubt ho «y : 
■; ui. Arid their cafe defei 
dp thai they arc crcxiiclv 

: a*l,'*jl 

; 101 


xnen whvliavc tne ulc of rtiiTcm, and wnlrcBafWfe witfc Utet 
wjj, acquired tlic haJm of form . ..i eft m»l 

he <iira« CD hltie . liou-h with Infioiiety 

re he" eoul<! ha** a Iin;* 
w:mt therefore nothing in onier 10 fp^atk , bo: 

. :he favagiM who invented the full Uepuago I 

tui filiation, do tli<-„ i Ua£ai£.. */ come 

perrV^ *gr, « it is ild 3d \( • 

<«e ia oor i tt^y evrr r^irne tn fppi'< c.u 

? the aft moll certainly i«, rtinc they aevt. 
coniinu': to tommunkare their thoof^n by locks at. I 
i vve call Jl^ti, tinJefj they be taagbc to ftrdcflla 

Utcl) invented/ 

• - r 

Clark an tht Dijtafn in Izag Vtjtgti if 1*1 Crr.*/ri/i. i^j 

Raving l h» pored tacfiA, u he thinks, iruxmccftahly, it 
vt fce'dU-eult, he fxya, to aifign the reafoiu, and explain 

or wc need otiljcoun-terwkth a little atte. 
refcunifmof fpceeh, srxi we fhall loon find, that 
arc required for fpcaking» certain pcfuions and motions of the 
organs of the mouth; fuch as the* tongae, the teeth, lips, and 
, &c. which cannot be from nature, but mufl be the c(Tc£t 
of set : fince their action, when they xre employed in ihccrmn- 
fo different from their natural and quiefcent 
hac nothing Lui Inn- ufc and c&crcifc could have: 
tsughf i» to employ them in that way. He thinks it unnecef- 
dry, to hi v prcfcfii puipofc, 10 explain thts more particul-uly, 
jn:cr. J.r.g Co fay more upon the fubjtcr aftervrards. 


1 1 r. Ofprrmtitm ** f A# fi\fisfit im k*g />*#/" /fl *•* ^ ■ 

. . #» ji*// tt4r/4 pMVM! in ikt > a/t-h-Jw, gv Joan 
scn.'Sui^coa of the Taib-X Indiar-ic. £ro. 6 s. bOtiod. 

* nr~*H H difeafe* CO !:e aei with, fays our Author, id tlie lonfleir. 
X royago to the Bad Indies ire ! ;iably the fame, 

lai Btt* he cci.'.t-.icjcd Lf.dcr tli< 

' > lOOCd L*y t ' 

vjch a> arc ot<a£ooed lij hc^c 
■ sch as aie ir.r confluence of cold and rnuiflurr. 
« A-fita, the di/eifes which atco«afic.ucd merely by heat art few 
tcir incnnfiderablc. If the vuyj • -blc, and there Me 

Joag ccaicinucJ wlus. the ciew gcAtjaily enjoy a good lU:c of 
1th, *ad tie never jffiifctd with cLin_croiu diicatb. The com- 
rfsetU which immoderate beat hs* noon the co u% 

of th* Ivltciu, urefaiUon of the liuiJi, and * more liberal 
of bole -, beoec lots of appetite, aaujea, hcad-ach, aeceje- 
ot pel*, and flight ardent .idmiuing of an eifv cu:c. 

heat alone oiay be rather coofidcrcd ji j remote, predif- 
caofeof wefcaet'*, which will univoidahly happca tvhen foe* 
by a hvmid aad iUj(Qant atruoiphcrc. 
The difcsfes occj£oued by fccit -ndmoiirurc are remitting fc- 
i or putrid tcntirwi.iU, wli.vh I hajrcvc-ually ract with betweca 
tropics, and patilculwl) in the btitaoes near the equator, where 
trtr b eoeomooly stwa moiit *od hazy iUte, ind where, on ac- 
•eovnc of trequeat cairn, there are oonou* cxh Irom the 

ccea-. Ai ttc vu>a?e ji prptraQ tffiiRlc -; worfc dif- 

|0-tfon, awd crer» aiiei i'k< arrival of frame n in hcahay lurhaor*, a 
frr»ttr psitre/setjosi in the daids ii indicated by gripes, icrxfmtjs, 
aod other dyf enteric iympeomr. 

' Ike atoll con* men disease at urn, ariang from cold and moijtarc, 
the fcuxvy, wkich (cddcai ar werce appears ia roya£c; to the Kail- 
till the ftupi have arrsTed in the itormy latitudes ctT the Cape 

1*4 Cliik *n the Difra/es in Lrng Fejagtt tt hit Qmmth 

of Good Hope. If the wrather bdry, tod tic jafcje ejcick Into 
wMt temperate latitude*, but particularly it* tie seamen bare kid 
|'uft<s>nt refr-lhmnnr hrlisri- :hrv undertook the voyage, the rlifeai* 
ii fvldom 10 be fcee, or, if it doe- make iu appearance, i« ace aoor- 
taL On the contrary, when ihips ore long detained by Qor*to«rabk 
, in cold and fiorniy weather. cfpcciaJl. >-hcn fcas coculavaily 
wafti t>« detk, the fuuntion of the common tailor ii tbeo tru)> iJa- 

f..!c ; for, when upon doty, he it wet sad fatigued ; ted when 
t i: his turn to p . he haa no place to retire to, bat a 

birth or a wet hammock, where he mull breathe a poll a ted air. 
Thefe cifcaoflaocet never fail to product the fcurvy; the men be- 
fall down daily : and tt lift even the officer*, who lire bet- 
ter, who have dry clothes and apartments, are affeiled, and /offer 
snort or led by the difeafc. 1 am well aware, that w« aaeet with 
intlances of the fcurvy breaking out in warm climate*, *hic* hap- 
pened to Lord Anfbn*i fquadion. after leaving the coajl of Mexico; 
frot, in this cafe, it is to be remembered that they had fuffercd siuca 
by the diteaie before, and might therefore the more eahly rc}sp&, 
although they lived upon frefh diet, and kept the (hip well tired atyd 
clcta; be fides, we hove fome rcafon to conclude, from the account 
given of the difcafe by the ingenious compiler of that voyage* that 
it was combined with a putrid fever. I w:mld not, liuwetcr. ferai 
tn : pfer that fuch rainy weather as happened at that time will ttrer 
-•rodoce the fcurvy ;n warm climates; but initances of it are feldoai 
Co be tact with ; and it may be aftrmed in general, that putrid fe- 
vers ire the confcquencc of beat -mi nrtl&titt ; -*»'d that tie fcuny, 
a difetfe of a very putrid nature. >et quite oppofitc to a fever, is the 
consequence of cold and moifture. 

1 I come now to < - moll frcqucrt land diseases its the 

Etft-Indics, which cannot be fo propei. I into acute and 

tlroeic ts into the Jncafca of the diy, and thofe of the wet ieaiuu, 

• The prevailing diff iff* <>f the dry feifon are fluxes from acrid 
bile, thecolera. dry bclly-aeh, lltfljtsrpacion; and obltruciioai of the 
Theft rre the complaint! of the dry month* on the coaitof 
Mslabar and Coromandd . and even a: Bengal and oiler asarfli/ 
countrici, the fevers which piccedc the runs aic it Id qui of a delete- 
rious nature. 

e dii'eifei of the feafon are fevers and fluxes, whk* are 
mtlijnint in proportion to the heat and humid ty of th>: lie- at. J to 
the coxtoas cabal; d uncultivated traits at 

country; as tfcey only diner aa^degicc. tlty rn*y Ik all rtftrre4 tw 
the fame elafs; for to chtraAerifc thera by difference cf pliee woeU 

Lbtetidleft, umieceflary, and j>frp!<xing,' '* 
Of the icvcral dilcafes here enumerated, ibe remitting fever 
taker up a confirferable proportion of thr prefent work. After 
giving ■ clear and JiJtinit Inltory of this (ever, our Authcr pro* 
ceeds to the niethod of cute 
g, fay* he, it anore indifpenftSly i>eeentry, n ' 
ginning ot tint r«ver, than to cleaole the lr.ieltinal tube orgeat] 
vomits and purges. Nature (c:an alwart to indicate futii cv 

Clark o* tit Diftafis in kng Vtyt<% U bt QtWitf. 175 

•jiorta by tke plentiful iteration of bile, which, if not fpeedlry dif- 
charred, often Uinrs on :.ti inflammation of tbc ilomacri, ntusfia, 
i*j m «p. pTTTfotintr, -n the courfc of the diieale, tbc etie;t* 0/ 
aa* Motfc-powrvraf rardtcioei. 

he* «fc* r :k«d Howl*, or when I waa called is the 

i frou*d « the be-! tourfi vt tin ft rinnit nf ipiiw sinW. 

wkh a few grains o< emetic urui. If ibis Jid not more the belly, 
ttttt day ■ dofe of neatr *i purjjin^ fait I vu prescribed. 

• Bat, mi dangerous fevers, which rigr rpijrmicilly. no lira* it 
cofac I0A1 Ueieforrthu method of evacuation 1. too tediooa. la 
cads I bive alwiY) trutieJ to emetic tartar, gn-cn to the 
quantity of a uuatter (H iialf a grain every hour, till it M&cd by ro- 
am suad Itool. which I.:it Intention II fcnilcKiI mure certain by the 
acViuic* nt manna, decoftum tamarindoraoi, or a fmall portion of 
fd catr>ar?»<us. Any ot thei'e medicine* ought to be £u*t\ immc- 
ekaacly after the rigou, ai they not only mitigate the fever Uh pa- 
roiyfa. but bring u to a quicker fotution. But it ii picper 10 o b- 
atevv, chat evacuation* of this kind arc not to be long con tinned; 
tor it will be if> vain to expert by thi: means to preveut a gracra- 
tm. of bile ; for to Jong as the feventh mdiTpofnion continue*, al- 
taogk an croc tic and cathartic were repeated every day, more fordca 
*4K ttUl be generated ; but ai loon as the fever, wliiUs i» Use cauie, 
k Ttaaoved. the rflfcv't of confluence will ccafc. 

* A< toon as the mteiUnal tube has been thoroughly eleanfed, 
tie principal fort of the core confiAi in prefcribing tho Permian 
bark io os largo dofn as tbc patient's ftomach will bear, without 
raying any regarti CO the febrile rcmitlioiis and exacerbations. If 
tta rrmi£oni ire ditliner, the bark will have a more fpcedy eifeci ; 
but even although the difcafc is continued, bv its ufc, ituai ellec- 
tually prevented from growing dangeroua and malignant. The bark 
being Miifct-xic, cordial, and never fupprcfling any critical fecre- 
lioss, iawe4l adapted for the cure of lev en iu hot climatci. When 
as* ttosmack U streak, it ought. to he given in decor t inn ; but, as foots 
aaiaVt patient can digeil it, immediate reoourfe is to be had CO the 
ponder, either in the Calinc draught, port, or in any other form mat 

* If, after evacuations, the ftomach remain* weak and fqorai 
■ hick is often the cafe in bad fevers, I have often found the greai 
advantage from prefcribing a full dofe of (olid opium. It seldom 
fi*t* to icraovc these {yrnpeoms, and then the bark will ut eafy 
atacott every AotiiftCh. Oft the contiary, if the difeafc i» Allowed to 
go em, the disorder at the ltomach will enticafc, and other fymp> 
mac lopaever.r, ftfcich will render the ertVcl of every medicine very 

* I h» tfioA cei lata effects of the bark ire a gentle equable fwcat 
and a loose £orI. H i; ck»ca not produce this cfTccl, and especially 
if the fymjin^ni* iaclicaM IkIious redundaocica in the prim* viz-, 

ought to br joined with it ; but if it runs otT hr Itonl. il 
ibhr niyfla/y to check the evacuation by a lew drop* of 

laudaauio in each dot*.' 




-J j6 .dark on the Diftafes in kttg Vejagtt U hot Countries. 
TJm following extraS contains feme juft obferraciont witk 


* I hare given antimonials in various preparation, bit prefer 
emetic tartar to all others; At firft, carefully avoiding every adsti* 
turn which might decompose the acid, it was exhibited diaWped ia 
fire water. Ail found a powder more convenient for common nje, 
it was rubbed with five parts of fugar, to make it more divifible. 
This preparation, though ever fo carefully corked, after keeping, 
tamed moift and crafted; the fagar was therefore changed for the 
fame quantity of' magnefia i nor, by this means, did i oMcree the 
emetic tartar in the leaft robbed of any of its virtues, which one 
might cxped from the addition of the abforbent. However, if, af- 
ter exhibiting a few dofes of this medicine, its operation doe* not 
proceed to oar wilhes, drinking acidulated liquors will not oa4y 
render this preparation, bnt afiaolt every other antimonid, sjmio 

4 Sometimes I have given Dr. James's powder ; but, from what I 
hare feen, muft observe, that it is a much more uncertain antinto* 
nial than emetic tartar, frequently lying inert in the ftomach <e*e* 
bowels for feveral hours, and afterwards operating with great vio* 
lence. Even when. it fucceeds to our withes, its erred* axe exa&Jjr 
similar to thofe of emetic tartar, which laft ought certainly to be 
preferred to a remedy, the preparation of which we are perfefthv 
xgnorant of; and, indeed, the only advantage which this ramai 
powder has above the other, is its being kept a fecret, and fold -at 
the enormous price of half a crown the dole. It is, however, ftiM 
feat out, with directions, to hot climates. When in proper hands, 
I {hall not prefumc to fay that it is an ufelefs medicine ; bait whoa 
given indifcriminately, and continued for any length of time, X at* 
certain that this fever-powder too often proves fatal. The ItM COO' 
tinned use of it can only be proper in inflammatory revert o? eaU 
climate* ; but the profufe evacuations, particularly the profuse fweats 
which it occafions, renders it highly injurious in the putrid fevers etf 
lot climates. 

* Emetic tartar, when given in fmall dofes, is fuppofed to be pofc 
iefied of highly febrifuge virtues. This, in fome mcafore, appears 
to be literally true, as we often fee a remiflion enfue after its eft, 
which, I imagine, happens in the following manner. During its 
operation, it occafions a ftrong artificial paroxyfm, which at la* is 
carried off by a profufe fweat, although the original difeafe may fHH 
continue, and in a few hours be as much cxafperated as ever. Its 
febrifuge virtues, in hot climates, feem principally, if not altogether, 
to depend upon its evacuating powers, and its cauiing a dei i vomao 
to the fltin, which fometiroes removes a fever juft in the fame way* s> 
the timely exhibition of a puke and fweat. But when once the fever 
is continued, i have often given emetic tartar, without obfervingit 
MeMnd of any virtues either to remove it, or bring it to snore je* 

SUr lesnimona. , When the difeafe has arrived to any degree of mar 
ait/, fuch a ftiaulating relaxant is very hurtful/ 


Clark w :h Difiafo /« /*•/ F*J9f" '' ! " : Qwteft^ 177 

The ufc of 

1 not m- 

c. I he 1 :•!< jucnt cpcxitxin cwiUir 
rounc at this practice in the La'l-fn: 
' to coW<Uware>, the cure, I o:hcf infiun*ition», «V- 


• fin- bod foetnjj too -ftfgf, 

Ml ! rofing fecrt factl, the nm;t experienc 

I'joMrt i« ifi-.t put of ca« world pr< -\ a Cpecific. 

Tfcry applf i: .in 

ioa. When it piodn.0 tl> 1 
v befcre the miiur is formed, ?.euenl!y bfl four} J tlia 

noil crrtara and expoJitbui cart, fcu« tfcere it mxioulx th^t trrf 
i«ce<t» cf ic«.- J- . inaWeaje- 

*Mfi that it ca» 

r iJJ (.it/bab , iIjc 

.'petition of gCtvV ph)/.f . and tin ! a hlifltf. 

1 ! have ooly biJ 1 I iey or" feet** '.. ar&rn orl 

J»ul, » fitx poltfils '• vu remarkable for a ticftlUg ' 

. . ' ■ 
Ch tte fixth i*y. ha couetauncc grew very yellow . he had tie* 
tpeas 6cicntU at domack. wita 1 teaching :o van it. and zii'- 
-t clavich :.rr w^ pi 

Uf vxr b!oodc4. had a bLlkr apfl- 

Ear. On ll ■ ■*>'. lii> foci ablA MUafiffc. 

utrd. Ai lite. «*iwi 

Otmr wti jMdfiLv*! <■■- lioan. Me t. 

tr_ad< In) b itoally, tfxtn feeOTcrod. 

otlKf c*fc» *iich occurred reftUiag the cosnion ireatas««r # 
Hid ihajlHlinii'i bcioj ablcio be*i OKxuuy. oc u'ic fuurtli or f.i;a 

, twt> guim of calomel, nude lato i bolu 
coaler** of roles, acre preJcribrd twke a day, iomc:itae. wi 
cpuic ia tte aight <lo£c, to pi wig o/l by itooj. Aj 

■ uc mout'6 became atTc&ed roc ai 
iUao«£« a faliraiion ■ .. to *U of 

During iVu 
1 ! die 1 
Mj ncccfurr to take a ft* ounces oi fclood, or to 



»tO the JifJtc Of la* !»•£? il t>ic confluence oC ob^BBal 
revajrt a*4 £ at ft. it is M :th the putrid, and not with the 

-uaim- mi; nwr, . every other 

a-«a '- k<ue4 very iuekr:t;ial.' 

With rcipciito the icurvj, out triej tlw 

fxmj fa ftron^ly Ttoom an ended by the iugcatoJi Dr. Mac 
11 h< «i -Hcrtat cat'o, without fjeceft. 

But 1 -ir Rcadcn to 

wik hfelf, which conuin* Kiuri) uCrfJ bhlcrVAtioiui. 

Rit. fepe- i77j< 



[ '78 ] 

AitT. IV. ArchaEOIO^ia ; or, Mifcellaaeous TraBt relating t§ Am 
tiquity, Pnbliflied by the Society of Antiquaries of London, qtoj 
Vol. If. 1 6 s. Boards. Whifton, &c. 1773. 

WHILE the human mind is fo generally delighted with 
novelty, great numbers of fpcculative men find equal 
pleafure in the inveftigation of ancient objects, manners, and 
cuftoms. Enquiries and difcoveries of this kind, are not merely 
to be confidered as fources of amufement and curiofity ; they 
often prove really inftructive and ufeful; while, at the fame 
time, things that have been, for ages, concealed from notice, 
are re-produced, under the double recommendation of being in 
themfelves ancient, and yet new to us. 

Whatever ridicule, therefore, has been fometimes, with juftice, 
caft on the antiquarian, he is ncverthelcfs engaged in a laudabte 
purfuit, and merits applaufe, while learning an J judgment: 
direct his refearches, and he is not milled by idle prejudices, chi- 
meras, or a fond prepofleffion in favour of his own abilities; 
and is not prepofterouGy throwing away his time and attention- 
on fubjecls which have no title to regard but what axifes front 
the zeal, the fancy, or the ignorance of an infatuated vir- 

It muft be acknowledged that whatever be the erudition or 
diligence of the antiquary, he may, fometimes, almoft unavoid- 
ably, be led into errors ; but, in general, if he pontiles folul 
learning and judgment, it may be expected that his labours- 
will- at once contribute to entertain and to improve us: 06 
which we have feveral in fiances in the prefent as well as the for- 
mer * volume of thefe mifcellaneous compofitions. 

This fecond volume conn ft s of forty- two article?, which pre* 
fent the reader with a variety of curious remarks on different 
fubjecls ; feveral of them, indeed, not entirely new, but more 
carefully and fully illufrrated than heretofore. Confined, as 
we are, in our limits, it is difficult to felecl the proper fpeci- 
tnens for the fatisfadion of fuch of our Readers as may wifh to* 
know fomcthing of the nature and merits of this publication. 
Some of the papers aie too long to admit of our taking parti-; 
cular notice of their contents, though the fubjecls may deferve 
it : but the few following abitracls will perhaps be fufficient* 

The firft article contains obfervations on the Julia Strata, 
and on the Reman flations, forts, and camps, in the counties 
of Monmouth , Brecknock, Caermarthen, and Glamorgan; by 
the Rev. William Harris, Prebendary of Llandaff, and Curate 
of Caireu. The fecond confifts of obfervations on an inferip- 
tion at Spello. By F. Pajfarini, and Ro&er Gale % Efq. In d|£ 

* For an account of the fail volume, and of the Society itfelf, see 
Rev, vol. xliii. p- 357. 


t*l/d fume am ■ 

Dr. Pococjte, la: ,->i Mzxui, The 

kwr 1 - 11 an ancicsti C imc'ian, in the poflci- 

I hy the -- :th 

of a rcmarfc-ible mununKnt ni fW/:^ church yard j 

,11. In* Tour 
nJ» bat taken paiticuhi notice of (Ms ruon iment, 

I 11$ with two views ol i: ; - W 1: niil-tr to thaC 

•vhkh we find in trr: volume, the other, which Lid bc<n taken 

C** time before, diffrrcm from ihs rhc 

I he fi*th article i i.:-. anaexoyrrt .r.ti^ui- 

titt difcorcred 011 digging inio a lai^e Roman balTOW .it EUtm* 

ArMx^in Cumberland j by the Rev, Mr. Hiwd, Prebendary of 

. difcovcry however was not veiy o rc,lt ■ w '' u 

Art .' to a coniYtrubk* depth, they met with three or 

fact ftrara of clod*, under which were lound the pole and 

tnek bone* of an ox, but neither urns, burnt bones, nor coin* % 

ol>fcivcd there wai an appearance of wood nOics. 

If is a mort hi; itctail of feme Roman 

■KniUDents found in Cumberland, 1766. 

ith article Is id d by Dr. John Peltirvzal, en 

ttoGub *fsf»s*/i* as in- inourflifc i$fcdw.J. 

^30.31. E*!w. III. cap, 15, .S::.-!imii lid *ife quote* die* 
rxprefioa from the icntl or tl:-. lanoc of W D f JuU tf 

Aiptt Sonifies ihc nr* d*y of A»r;uft, oci wh of 

St. Peter *</ wmufj wx$ o'yefved b/ ihe R arc^ : and, 

in honour of their patron faint, it w h: : in England 

ay of payment *.( chat > penny 

on «ch houic, called/' "I~hui fur there h 

v; the nixt ftcp is Ut enquire bow it en c to be called 

G'i/.- or Dr. Pettinjal < :ha« though 

the wgrd Itandt in our law^, an 

',• moft of our gloflary and 1 :■:;*» it 

.: left uncA,?!ji[ied, \>. wbn h i rafon he caTcra a conjeflu e 
*po" 1 we aporeiend is in^cniour »n<I 

The account which DuranJi 

n, will appear v. it. A 

in her tbrtait is faid to h 

J :cd, ! r, the B.fliop of J 1 kif* 

r.i with which St. IVur had been bound by Ncru ; 

•hereupon we are told ihc wjs h ncd. In memory 

, rl- 

moui ol Sc. P ... 

or thrhst of th- r '13 was heaied. * A 

■ rumftancr this, remarks i.V. iV.imjal, th; ajxl 

Ctfc, i throat, bore fuch ncc \a fcuod to each cvWt.' 

iV 2 DilciT&att, 

180 Anhaologia; or, Afifctllantous Traits relating to Antiquity, 

Di (carding this legend, the Do&or finds a refource ii> the 
indent language which was ufed by the inhabitants of Britain 
in common with Gaul, Germany, Spain, lily ricum, and moft 
other nations of Europe, before they were over-run by thVRo- 
rr.ans. From this ancient language, whether it be called Bri- 
tifti, Saxon, or Celtic, which were nearly the fame, as dialeds 
only one of the other, he thinks we may fetch our Guh 0/ 

It appears, fays he, by the BritiQi or Welch tongue in life 
at this day, that a holy-day is called by the Welch /fy, or, 
to (trengthen the found, Gwyl; thus in the rubric of the Welch 
liturgy, every faint's day is the Wyl or Gwyl of fuch a faint j 
and, in common converfation, the day of St. John, is called 
Gwyl Jetton, and of St* Andrew, Gwyl Andrea s, and the firft of 
Auguft, Gwyl Awfl. Where then can we look fo properly for 
our Guie cf Auguft as from the Celtic or Bt\ti(h,dydd Gwyl Avt/f t 
which fignifics among them the firft of Auguft: from hence 
perhaps we may find the reafon, why the great fair or feftivil 
at Preflon, in Lancashire, which is held at Michaelmas, for a 
week or longer, was called the Guie, or, as fome corruptly 
pronounce it, the Gild of Prefton ; which probably may be no 
more than the Guie or fefttval of St. AJkhael, when a great fair 
and feflivity is kept there. 

We will not detain our Readers by a particular examination 
of the affinity of the words above- mentioned, though it is per* 
haps probable that Gild has a very different meaning and deri- 
vation from Guie ex Gwyl ; but we proceed with this Gentle- 
man, to confidcr the reafon why Wyl or Gwyl was ufed to fig- 
nify a feftival or holy-day. ■ It was fo called, he remarks, 
from a word of the fame found in the Celtic, or BritiQi, lan- 
guage, that implied watching ; for it was a cuftom, from the 
earlieft antiquity, to begin their feftivals on the evening of the 
preceding day, and continue them all night, to the evening of 
the next, with mufic and finging. — In imitation of this Jewifb 

and Heathenilh cuftom, the Chnftinns kept their vigils or tVit. 

before holy-days, with mufic and all kinds of feftivity ; this the 
Britons called nos wyl, or wylnos, the evening of the ftajl. — And 
they called this nightly celebration of a feitival, gwilian.ex 
watching, fo that watching and celebrating the feflival, fignified 
the fame thing. Thus Matt. xxiv. 41. Watch and pray , in the 
Britifti translation, is rendered gwiliwch a gweddiweh ; from th» 
gwiliau or watching, they called the feftival wyl or gwyl: for 
the fame reafon a ftftival, among the Saxons, was called a wake, 
from watching at the nightly celebration of it ; and what we at 
prefent call the Waits, or the mufic on the nights of the Chrift- 
mas holidays, is only a corruption of the wakes or ntfturml 

6 la 

4r&4esk{U\ »r, MifctHantm Trailt rdotin^ t* Jmifxity. 1S1 

In the I ncr tbc Do&or derives r/tvft, from the 

'. 6, formed but of the word wY/tr, 

evident rcl to the old Critic wi>fd» uj/ and 

, to watch it the ji i;h:!) ccicbra: I., 

t wr Ittvc a reafon why in Scotland [a* in 

foriepm* of England] they cill the fcftival of CnfiAfeat, tbc 

YaU t i.e. the //;. ; and ;n the fame phrafr, the Chriitmat ho- 

tjdm are called in Wales u>//t>« or g>*yUau hadohg, the fcait 

ef Cli I ...01 rwita* n the plural cf xuyl ur jut/. 

To which may be aided, the Urthcr remark th.-.t in the oJd 

Englifbor Brhifh Iit:$ua£c, the 2', JP\ and G % were ufed ii> 

for each other ; as inflance before ut of 

i.-.J G'u>.'; all three being hut one and the fame 

n thing, chough differently written. 

To: i. !i i ftitioiw wh ch Follow that on i be G'u.V «/" Aviufl 

treat on the //r,\W; one being cornpofed by Mr. Pcgge, trie other 

fcy the Rev. Dr. Mills. They relate to the prefent lent by King 

focuc cathedra! chuichc*. Mr. rcg&c vci) pre 

idrerti on the'mitVjlteiof Liile and Hcarne, whu repce&At. 

the Kind's prrfcnt to have caniirtcd of his iranflatcon of the 

i and of the Paftoral of St. Gregory ; together * u h certain 

««*<*,. rka of gold. It appears that Alfred Cent hisSaatonj 

vcrftcn of St. Gregory'* F-- ttora.1 to forne of hi* chin 

thai he prcicntcd ihcrn with h;» translation of the 

Bible, or with certain mancufes or m^rki of gnU, ur indeed any 

, m fpecic. Lfle. therefore, it ii obferved, li mill alien, and 

Ilea: nc Co blame in following him. cfpccully, fayi Mr. Pcgge, 

* when Sir Jchn Spe'man hid fo plainly Cold him, from A 

If, that he Grnt not coined money with the copies oi fail 
the catheilral chnti 

bible that thcfc^A" could be worth 50 oiafl 

amounting, if the iruncutTa 1 r it -il n 7 1. 6 H. to 

Cor writing, af tht v.tiue $f 50 mamtvjfjtj StjUs % in Latin, haj 

r<ren fuppofru to anfwer to :hc S I ////f//, the pinlctl- 

I of the two letters. Mr Pegge ;tknowledi-c* that 

1 of uncertain Ggnitl in toiuppofe, 

<*ith others that it properly denote * iht Jfyiat; thoueh It u 


. 5 /. of our prefect money. However, he obfcrvri that 
were royal ptcfrnit, to cathedrals, and thin thou- 
ncntt cannot be thought to lift to any fucll 
vet cue handle* cf them night be enriched, 111 the ma- 
;!hip, to altnolr any fum. Tl 
ut the famous jewel (engraved ioDr. Is 
Taefc . : il Transaction: \ the 

1C< of Athclr-cy, where Alfred was for a time concealed, might 
cen the handle cf a fiy he of 

re workmanlhip, frr Superior to what mijht be **?c€V:A 


1 8 2 Archatshgia \ cr s RTifceUanuus Troth relating to Jntlquttp 

from the rude {late of the arts in thofe times, and bearing an 
infeription which teflifies that* it was made* by the order of 

Dr. Mills, in the other letter, allows that Mr. Pegge'a re- 
marks on the miftakes of Lifle and Hearne arc well founded ; 
and, in fupport of the attertion, he products the paffage as it is 
rendered bv Spelman .in the Life of Alfred : tl Ad uncmqmamqut 
tpifcopi fedem in regno unum (jc. librum) miji, fuperq'Jt finguloi 
libros Avium qui eft quinquaginta mancujfa" Hut it is added that 
Hearne foon corrected his miftake, in a fmall differtation, written 
exprefsly on the word Aefttl y and prefixed to the feventh volume 
of LcUnd's Itinerary ; which dillertation had probably efcaped 
Mr. Pcgge's notice. Hearne has there fuppoied that the word 
did not fjgnify a ftylus 9 which was ufually an implement of fmall 
value, made either of iron or bone, or fome fuch cheap mate- 
rials : and far. her he remarks, that in Alfred's time vellum had 
taken place of waxen tablets, and confequently pens fucceeded 
to flylcs : he imagines that the word figuifies an bandit* which 
interpretation he juftiftes from Chaucer, who in the letter of 
Cupide, calls a handle ajlehy 

And when that man the pan bath >y the flelt. 
Agreeably to which, the word is itill ufed in various parts of 
England, in the fame fignification. He quotes a paflage from 
Malmjhtiryy who fays, that the book was lent cum pugillari anr*t 
in quo erat manca auri. ' The mama auri, he oblerves, rouft 
certainly be a miftake, becaufe no ornament of gold which was 
worthy of fuch notice, could be fo fmall as to weigh only three 
penny-weights. The word pugillari, therefore, may probably bo 
here underlined to imply whatever is holdcn by or fills the hand, 
qucd pugilium five pugnum itnplere potefty according to Stephens; 
and this will lead us to the true explanation of the word, agree- 
ably to Mr. Hcarne's idea of it, who fuppo!cs it to have been 
the umbilitut of the volume on which this hook was written, or 
rather the two bandies or knobs at the cxrremitics, like thofe 
affixed to our modern maps, by the means of which the volume 
was to be rolled up or opened ; and on which each copy of the 
lock, was fent to the rclpcclivc cathedrals. In this fenle of the 
word, the Aejiel was a very proper, and indeed a neceflary ap- 
pendage of the book.' Mr. Hearne has fuppofed thia 
handle might be magnificently chafed and carved ; but the 
Doclor thinks there is no ncecflity for fuch a fuppofition. 
The mancujpc y he fuppofes, arc introduced here only as deno- 
minating the weight of the At ft t I, * The value, fays he, of 
fix pounds three ounces in filvcr, or the weight of feven ounces 
and an half of gold, might ealily he worked up in forming the 
umbilicus, or rather the two handles at the extremities of it* 
without the additional expence of fculpture and ornament ; nor 

e Madia r*c of filler gill nfe the word mm/iaffi 

»±s y.cci.iu.' ! . applied either toxoid coin, or Co ihc wci^'u of 
in bullion.' 

KCtclfl in :b.i rolunc laji before u& obf< 
Peter Collinfnn's paper on I be round towers in 
Ireland, printed in (he ftfi' | p. 305. By Owen >i!uf- 

Yujj Biocron, Lfij; F. R. S. The round u> ■ cr it bVi n 

St***?-* a p-i considered in tht n^xe number. By R. 

Gjcr.ii, Lkj. The llii tccnth is * On on the bull* 

running, uTuibiry, in !kaltord0iire; by the Rer. Mr. Pegge: 
• cootavcr:? Dr. Pjott'i opinion that this custom was orrgi* 
salty b*ci 11. Ki r ihw the Doflor affigns k d 

paababJc rcatfbfts, v.hch Mr. Pcgge endeavours to overthrow, 
b; making it appear tin; iIim bull running is nothing more than 
xn^itjfvrt, or common diversion at tirrc* of lef iiviiy, * though 
t an higher kind ihjn tbofc diTeiuaas commonly arc, 
bet;. > made Ihc matter of a tenure/ 

Qbk on an 4lt.11 with a Greek inferipciotn. at Cor - 

brJge, in Northumberland, form the fourteenth and f.fternth 
. iji which is compol'cd by D ;l % the 

ahq Adre. Dr. Pertinga!'s d H ii lr.vncd 

ui ingenious. He begins with obi. it though the in- 

fcnption it written in Grecic character*. f 1 I»c no doirbe 

U«u being Ro<uii, at (hi* manner ot writing infcnptioni was 
an atToclatton ficujweiuly to be met with in the Lower Empire, 
or liter the time l: Con ft an tine. He particularly coftfideft and 
ti.e wurds which compute ihc i ;id 

concludes tha-, !'., Handing for Buua* pmai -, 

fignifv both a monumental altar and fcpulclur, .tncl alio an or* 
Uvrafi^ <-t bourn iry between laod* of dftftrc . to 

which p^rpofc, as it appear* from patTages here quoted, (cpul- 
cdrjj monuments were sometimes, pir t i< ularly as to 
conquered lands 01 -v allotments; intimating, 4 that all 

the uoda inwards from that fcpulchre Jul belong to the troc 
or band, o( which the decealed (whefc it UslCWaa) 

W been a part. A?, for, adds Dr. P , in re- 

gard to the prefent cafe, all the lares inwan5s from ihit mo- 
nument, to another that bounded it on another f.dc, did '. 
lwig tothe AjU: The frft word of the int ;) 

Ihc Do&orcndcflvou" to prove relates to the collective ^cc'y oF 
the Ala Prima, or Ala Secumla ■-' r:g 

<i the Ajh % ol which we ai rii Occi- 

l p- Sp, de duce Briunuiurum, thai I v u fta- 

boned at C4nJxr*$ 9 the laft at Cifurtu l Coi>- 

IC, is called by Cimdcn inol 

..'ufitb Of Ibhijhry &oth which 1 e near til* waP, 
, i^'^hboyrhoodof Chcftcr-Jc-Succt,WQk'. ~e^ 

N4 %\ 

1 84 The Hijhry of the Univerfity ofOxfird. 

21 and 22 miles diftant from Corbridge, where this infeription 
was found. Thefe Aft i, it is added, that formed the Ala Prim* 
at Condurco, or Chcfter- le-Street, wc are told in the Nttith^ 
came from 4fia 9 Colonia Ligurum, now Afti in Piedmont. 
From this account of the Afti, whofe ftation was near to the 
place where this ancient monument was difcovcred, we may 
fairly conclude, that the fir ft word in the infeription related to 
one of the firft or fecond Ala, or the firft cohort of the Afti 
(for the Tribunus Primae Cohortis Aftorum was quartered at 
Acfica, as appears from the Notitia) and that the portion of 
lands which, in the Agrarian divifion, fell to the Afti, lay 

By thefe and many other obfervations, which are collected 
with much labour and learning, the Doclor endeavours to prove 1 
that this was a fepulchre and a boundary ; and his account has 
a great degree of probability. But now comes Dr. Adee (who 
does not appear to have feen the foregoing remarks at the time 
when he wrote this letter to Dr. Mills) and in a very few words 
leads our thoughts quite into another train: he fuppofes itavo- 
tive infeription ; and, after having placed the Greek: words ill 
that form which he apprehends neceflhry to make grammar or 
fenfe of them, he obferves, ' Here the three moft neceflary 
companions in a votive infeription arc exprafsly declared : the 
goddefs to whom it was dedicated, Araj-rr, the thing dedicated, 
Bufuov fjLttrofiaov ; and the donor, T. Io-^t'or rtp/ASvixoc.' 

Wc mult leave the learned reader, who can confult the whole 
df this infeription, to determine, if he is able, the point in 
queftion ; and (hall, at prefent, take our leave of this volume, 
referving a farther account of it for our next Review. 

Art. V. The Hiftory of the Uniwrjtty of Oxford, from tit Death of 
William the Conquer cr to the Demrfe of^ueen Elizabeth. 4to. iSs. 
Riviogion. 1773. 

IN our Catalogue for January laft, we gave a (hort account of 
a former part of this Hiitory of Oxford ; which, for fome 
reafon, beft known to the Author, was comprifed within the 
limits of a fmall odfcavo pamphlet ; a circumftance which may 
difpleafc fuch of his readers and purchafets, as might have ra^ 
ther chofen to have had both parts of the work in an uniform 
iize and volume. ' 

The former publication commenced with the original foun- 
dation of the Univerfity, and carried on the hiftory to the death 
of William the Conqueror. The Author now finds more 
ample materials for the profecution of his work ; although fomo 
of the periods are £1 ill barren of events. 

Great part of this performance will appear, to many readers, 
to be very dry and infipid; while to others, who love to en- 

* t* Ffyltry sftht Vnhrrjfty tf Oxford. 


qutre into antiquity, *nd rhc nrogrrfF of fcicnce> but efpccially 
to thou: who have a predilection for our own celebrated tV 
of learning, the prefent comp'lition mny afford cr.nfderabfe 
arrvufemen:. I he lo'urrt confifts of collections (rdm different 
authors who have treated of the ftate of learning In this an- 
cient femmary ; the privileges and immunities conferred upon 
:he tarbaleticc and anuiiofitics of tlie fdiolars, which hate 
often anlcn to a -?<-Jt hei»lit \ trie oppolitton and jcaloufiei bc- 
tarcen them and the citizens of O.cfunU in which each paiiy 
were generally blimeabte, though the collegians commonly 
gained the advar.Upc on the whole ; the vifiution* of kings and 
friinret ; with numeroirs other paracnl art. 

Voder the reign of King John, A. D. 1204, we have an ac- 
count of a new wav of preaching which at that time rlrft 
fcewed ttfrif openly in this Univerfity. Thin win to name a 
thefts or tcxr from the Scripture, anil make rfivtfioDJ upon 
which method »$ Mi to have been adopted by Stephen L&rgtoi , 
Aithuifhcy of Canterbury ; who therefore divided the fcrijuurcs 

chapters. * The people, obfeives our Author, at their 
rtligioua aflcmblics much approved of this way, in preference 
to the raw difcourfei of young and ignorant preachers. Yet 
other*, rejecting new cultoms and mnovttioru, chofe to follow 
their old way; wh;ch wit that of the Satan Auftin, Jerorn, 

^rd, otc. i and Robert Groped, D. D. (whofc word waa a 
Urn with the Uimerfny) was among the oppofert. This was 
PiJtil'mJc, i. c. by expounding the words of the frripturc as 
they flood in order, bj inferences drawn from them ; they 
look t, but began in this manner : ,k I intend, by the 

trace of God, in my following difcourfc, to treat Of Certain 
matters \ and in thefe matter* I intend bo draw certain and true 
jos* foe 1 intend new to fpcalc of the fear of GoJ. 
Finff concerning fear, &c." And 10 far down as the fifteenth 
century this kind of preaching continued ; fur io Vofcaniui, 
Doctor and Chancellor of the Uniircrfny, relate! of hlrnielf, 
" Anno 1450, in the odavca of St. John the Kvanceliit, on 

Lord's day, I ftxwed in my fermon. preached at Oxford, 

- rtiii's church at Carfax, that Dr. Aapulr.n picached 

foar hundred ferm he clergy and people without any 

then*, and without raking a text at the beginning 0/ his cil- 

c — And Co I, fays he* preached the day anJyear above- 
mentioned in Oxford, by taking no theme or text, hut I ad* 

flcred to the people profitable matters — without repeating 
of any text, but only word* pertinent to matter* prapofed or 

In the account of the A ate of our Univerfity during the 
ol Henry ill. we are informed of the punitV-tcnt inflicted 
03 the Jew» by the Kirg's orcfc, for the tolly ani auAusAvy c* 



lt5 Tbi Hijttry a/lbs UnhwJUj */ Ch/tfJ. 

evtie c4 their Imdy who mrt with the grand procetTion of fene** 
hn, the clergy and common ality, on Al'ccnf '. i^Wf. 

H i.i.vtI me crnfs, which wn niuaJ] ^o-nthefe 

occaRons, dilhcd il on the ground, and ttamped it voder hi* 
fecc. It was fpcxdily ordered thai ihc Jew* tfhoj.d be irnpri- 
for«J, and their goods detained till they had c/ttlcd a 
crofi. inijKcffcd on one fide with the image of the Vj 

S;nd her infant Chrift ; and alfo pie fenced to the Umvcr- 
itv a fdver crots, gl'» a* weighty as could be carried, together 
i faff", fueh as are carried before an archbifhop or piimatc. 
Accordingly the croft wa* created on a fpot near the chuich of 
St. John the Rjr/.tirt, wiih an infrnptinn placed oo it according 
CO the humour and taitc ci thafe times ; 

J&jfl's num e$ttf w ***** r* Jn&ti : qut*nt& f fumttu. 

.jkjfu? rr/ fVf frtcvrantt ? m*gi/i 
Cvr f tttxst prtfraP.a fignt. i£w fflajajra t ftfit 
AJa U jfyft trot Ixkt ? bit khijijft. 

Thi* marble crofi it I'mJ to have continued to the reign of 
Henry VI. the other of llSvcr was depofited among the Unirer- 
fity'fc ucafures. 

The noble oppofuion which was made by Wi^Lliff to the 
prevailing rvlipiou* errors and impofitioitt of .: v. Inch 

he lived, rmmihci feme c<itiftilci*l»lc materials (or thus hill* 

* He has the honour, as iMi Writer cblcrvei, to fotv itfiid 
#/* & : «,— -from hu life commenced the dawn of the li^ht of t 
more uffful and true learning, which has continued to fin 
mote and more to the perfect day of thefe time*— <>( that 
ligious liberty v/'mh WC n —and of that genuine 

pure religion which i.< now in ufc, mflcad of ridiculous fuper- 
icea, pilgr, and other grofs abfjrdili 
Tftujs work it divided by the i cutis of our monarch?, an 
cnmmooljr, m the end oi each we have a lilt of t 
learned n:en who lived during that period; on which oceafi 
as well as on others* our Author finda rcafon to rcpcchc; 
Wood lor fevctal obfervatiom in his hiftory which appear to 
be unfjir and unjuit. One inffanc: is hi* rcprelcntat 
the Oxonians in the reign of Edward IV. 
condition, fo that fomc fchoiar* were * obliged to be-- 
door to dour ,* and alfo his account of Sir T. More, wuom he 
has rc U ["lined Uktwtli to a Itatc of Denary, «»J 

faring, that * he and bfrt lofll would gu 

"I ri is. Writer i biervw, that nr thcr the author of 
Sir T. M ore's life, which Wood qu^te:, nor the Bri:ilh ttl> 
graph lir> written hy his «i.v/«*, mentinn this. From 

* Thij u a nufcake. Theje is no lif: of SirTkomas Moce by ail 
civd/'* ; byt rhcrr is one wi iuen by his $rt4t $rar. 




Tbi Hijlgry *f ikt U/rivtrfitJ ef 0*fcrJ r i$y 

the formrr, puhlifltrd in London, A. I). 1652, tec hive the 
fviluwing Ihoft relation, which po&bly fome ut our Kc; 
maj not have been a<<( uiuu J with, and therefore we infert 
hen $«r |\ MorcrefignrJ bis high office a» I#crd Chan- 
cellor of England, or acci unt ol King tfenry V I Ilih*. 1 

have had little more than 1 tl, a year remain 

foe hn : One day talking bit KWI how they 

ft* *e to Ita fi* incy had done, ** We v 

not, fap he, defcend to Oxford fare, nor 10 the fare of tbo 

New* Inur, hut we will begin with Lincoinc'a diet, where 

many rifcht woettiipful and of £Ock! B live full well | 

whtch if we fi id not ourfcUea Mc the fiifl yeai to maintain, 

n will wc the next year goe one ilep down to Ncwc luoc 

fa.-c, wlicrcwith many an honcfl nun 15 \%cll coil If 

red oor ability too, then will wc tlic next year ofcer 

<nd toOxfuni fare, where many grave, learned, and ancient 

bcrt are continual!) conversant j which U ( ui purua itrocli 

rw to maintain ntitber, then may we y.t, with bags and wai- 

, «uc a b.'^ging together, and hoping ilui f(t pity I if?? 

*ood people will bellow on us their charity, at every'a 

':/«, and fo Aill keep company and be merry 


i-:cd, but a (lender authority for the opprobrium 
upon the Oxford fcholarj by Wood; and if that Writer 
*o b-citer 11 for what he h« fesd 

he deferred the fevered rrproof for fo grofs a mifreprcfcntail 

n- p»rt of his work our .V 
lengci, in ri." waj n, which were (bmi yen, 

fcy o<ir t. 1 and bcrt he adds — ' So far down a. i tenry 

rind's ti old of Roger B lat un fome, Cam- 

bridge r.: linj a journey to Oxford, to try their (kill 

•.ill th»: Oxonian*, \\t put himfi !i in tl ter', 

and w*s thatching a houfe in St- Cb reiving 

t*6 <har; ,vjy, at 

though to do* 

dirtdcd rf hm:, ..' it Bacon readily 

rfng ftrucv. , the 

took upon him to question him ; ; r tu ? to wlioni 

Bacon anfwcicd, jf&Jfoj ma fells nb trtu) which fo fur] 
therp that they flunk -at daiing to engage 

n of the Iovrcii or one- 
The reign of Qnccn E i nHncatbii volt) 

r with m : .;,. m -1 fc 1 

only ukc (hr account which i» given of 

the low .! cry 

few i<rfom m Ui of delivering (cclnoTAlb 

1 88 The Ktfiory of the Vniverftty *f Oxford. 

the people, ■ and the pulpit,* we are told, « wat fuppjjied, *^jr 
any futile preacher, and fo continued for fome years j at we 
find preaching ran very low when R. Taverner, of Wood-Eaton, 
Efq; fberiffof Oxon, came out of charity, to give the people 
a fermon. Mounting the pulpit (a fword by hit fide, and a 
gold chain about his neck) he falutcd the academics with this 
beginning : " Arriving at tht mount of St. Marie's in the Jleny 
Jt*age y where lmwJ3and 9 I have brought you fame fine oijkets baked 
in the oven of cboritie y carefully confer ved for the chickens of the 
churchy the Jparroives of the fpirit, and the fwcet fualbws ef 
falvation, &c." 

In a work of this nature we might have expected fuller ao 
counts than thofe which we here meet with, of endowments, 
the erection of halls and colleges, with defcriptions of buildings, 
libraries, &c. ore. The manner, too, in which the Hiftory is 
written is not very captivating. As the performance is a com* 
pilation, the Author feems to have given the fentencesand paf- 
fages collected, in the words of different writers; which hat 
cccafioned a motley mixture of ftyle : and this may perhaps ac- 
count for fome expreflions which, at (he tuft glance of attention, 
might lead the Reader to think that this Proteltant writer enter- 
tained fentiments favourable to Popifh fuperftitions, and to the 
abfurdities of aflrology : for iiutance, when, after mentioning 
the prevalence of the plague at Oxford, we arc gravely told, 
that * Our Oxford aftronomers are laid to have foretold this 
diftemper fome years before, by certain conjectures taken from 
a total eclipfe of the moon, and from the conjunction of the 
three fuperior planets, anno 1345/ Again, in the year 1377, 
it is faid, ' At this time was fulfilled the prediction of John 
Afcindon, and other Oxford aftronomers, in the great eclipTe 
134.5, °f ncw opinions that (houtd fhortly artfe, and various 
changes in religion ; efpecially his piophecy of the rife of a n«r 
prophet, drawn from the conjunction of Saturn and Mars in Can- 
cer.* This was about the time of Wickliff's firft appearance. 
When notice is taken of one Brightwcll, who, together with 
the Chancellor, lay under a fufpicion of what was denominated 
hcrefy, it is faid, that they were examined before the Arch- 
bifhop, * when confefling the articles of WicklifT, they were 
mofljujlly condemned^ &c. Afterwards, when mention is made 
of the election of two Popes, it is fpoken of as * a moil fad 'ft- 
dition in the holy church* — Such paflages are, no doubt, wholly 
owing to inadvertent copying from other writers; but they 
ought to have been more carefully attended to. 
. Notwithstanding the defects we haveobferved in this work,;a 
tolerable Hiftory of an Univcrfity fo famous as that of Oxford, 
will neceflarily contain many things both interefting and cu- 
rious to the learned world -,. and it muft be allowed that the com* 

Joriiti'i Rtmarii 9!? Ecehjui/lkal Hfarj. 183 

merit r>ow before u*, will afford both cntcrtair.mcnt and ia- 
jrrtieVioa to the candid Reader. 

Am. VI. Jtewmrir mt Ec:irf..»l*>*i Ht/S*jk Veil. IV. and V. HtfO. 

da. Whi; 

WvehadfiKti frequent o^afiotn of cxprtffing our fen- 
nu conrr in:n 5 the late learned Dr. joaio, ami the 
preceding volumes of tlth woik have heen fo favourably re- 
ceived, that we need fay nothing by way or introduction 10 our ac- 
count of the volumes i- i Remark* on 
Ecclefuftieal Hiftoryfrorn the year 337 <o 1 517, and arc chicly 
compile >rk» of Klcury, Du Pin, Tillcjnonc, Mo- 
them, L« Clerk, Bafrnge, 6ec\ ; and a; in travelling through 
the gloomy paths or Krckiullical 1J. ;■ ry, vrc now and thai 
meet with fiwne very u • fa to 
petufirg the Doctor i Remark*, we orteji meet with iprigbtly 
• entertain • ; a few of wbkh we flu II 
ififcrt for the armiknuiit of our Ke.idcrft: 

4 A. here were it Afarandfj HI riant, of 

wboci one waa pried 0/ Jtfittr. the oihcr waj pried of sbt Mi*i<>. 
loi v. 4. 

M*mbj-l cfi :ved bv die Chriiitss, 

»^ro th. d all the other idoli . dria, :iii; i; might 

be a eaonjmcat of Agyptiari fj]ty and IV, 

• Tfce r*ag=nt anJ t taut be-th wade :hcfr.i*-*w. merry with 
tJ»t '4-gypu^n god : but it ii cbfervabJe that he bath fi -iter 
and Uoo all the clatucal fcodi m*jfr±m and »i#pr»w mi 

• Toe Purtugucfc robbed 4 temple *t Ceylon 1 away the 
c el ebr a ted 9«j£ y riv Aftc* »ai mo! drroarly ad^r/d by 
ike MkabiUDU, »Uo ottered ao tmraenfc fum to the Viceroy of t;oa, 
10 rtdeewi it. Bui he, »n his zeal ogairll pagan idolatry, caofe ri- 
iker to bum it publicly in the market pJacc. Uuber, though he 

a Dutch out, cooparca tail aclioa of use Y'terny wick cbecondu 
kit own conntrymen in |apan, where they had agreed co perform ao 
public ait o/nriipon ; and cooei... had brea ponTeflbt* 

*f/£r A/#»«v/i ?#•*£, they H'ouIJ have rmwica di3irr.*nt uteol it. 

• Theop) il j*. h»ting obtained leave to »y the pajjeto tempfci 
in Alexandria, fet about it. and >?aw/er rcVmtvJi. f a y» rkurv. u «j$4 

tfisir /r.. .ry iVnuId hate C:ii. — ../•;- .'.W.r^r/, 

prcCiotM./V pugnis.— 

• Evtfgrius hath written a moll unfair account of rhe Nefloriin and 
Ku( iredfi crying up Cyril and his allot i at cj ai uints. and 

iiiK Nclcirio u* the Vtlcft of bUfulicincr>, ami v. <.>;Ic (fiaa 

Jvdai Ifearjot ; and ihen m.ik« the following dijjrefiion concerning 
lie variety of theoto^Kal fennmcnts amongH L 
*' Let not the Geotvki deride ut, becaufe oar later prelatei vity 
tbeir prcdcccfiori. and are always adding ibmethin^ new to our 

• For. our atoeni ci tJ»c frj! t ^W, and tforj vclumei of Dr. 
Rtaaris. fee Renew, roK Iv, vi. and iat. 


\*fi JortinV Remarks on Ecdeftaflual Hiflori* 

faith* For we fearching the myftcrious and incomprehensible gocd- 
nefa of God cowards men, and endeavouring to honour and extol it 
a* much as we pofllbly can, follow, fume this, and ibme that opinion. 
Not one of thofc who liave ftarted herefics amonglt Chrittians, and 
have fallen into errors, had any defign of favouring impiety, and i«^ 
fulting the divine M.ijefly ; but in reality, each of thefe perfotti 
thought that he cxprcifed hjmfelf better than thofe who had been be- . 
fore him. And as to the principal and fundamental paths of faith, 
we arc all of one accord, tiff." 

* Out of thy own mouth (halt thou be judged ; for if Chriftiar.ft 
may err, bona fide 9 and with the molt upright intentions, and if this 
was generally the cafe of heretics, the conference is very clear, that 
Christians ought not to treat one another as dogs, devils, and Jfcarioti* 
for mere mi flakes in opinion, nor invent and enlarge unfcriptural and 
metaphyseal confeffions of faith, on purpofe to diftrefs and exclude 
fuch pcrfons, nor pafs a fentence of anathematifm and damnation,. 
«pon them. — 

* A. 447. There was an earthquake at Conrtantinople ; at which, 
time a boy was taken up into heaven, before all the people, and there 
Jteard the angels finging their hymn ; and came down on earth a°ain f 
and repeated it to Proclus the Bifhop, and to others, and then died* 
This llory is adopted, not only by Baronius, which is no marvel, but 
jeven by Valefius, from whom be;ter things might have been expected. 
The fame hymn or litany is called The Trijagium ; and it is j 

Sar.'lus i cui, Janftus Forth, fanctut lmmortcli* t mi/etere nohit. 

* It is intended, as Bifhop Beveregc wifely obferves, for an inve- 
ntion of the Trinity, Some faucy Greeks afterwards prefumed to 
interpolate the angelic fong, by adding to it, h ruvfu&>U t. i\taf qm 
eracifixui es pro nobis. And this caufed terrible combufiione and 
quarrels in the church. 

' If Greek is the language fpoken in heaven, it is bad news for 
our emhufiaflical preachers, who know nothing of that tongue. Baro- 
nius,who knew as little of it as they, fliould, inftead of writing eccle- 
fiallical hiilory, have applied hiinfclf (o the lludy of Greek. As to 
Valefius, he had a good lhare of it, 10 which he could truft.— 

* A, 496 Chlodoveus, or Clovis, king of the Franks, was bap* 
tized : at which time, fays Hincmar, fuddenly a light brighter than 
the fun filled the church, and a voice was heard, faying, peace tt 
nvitb you ; it is 1 : be not afraid : abide in my love. Then a molt 
fragrant odour perfumed the whole place ; and a dove came, and 
brought in her bill a vial full cf chrifru, with which his majefty was 
anointed. This wjs, as Baronius excellently obferves, a miracle 
worthy of' the apo/hlical limes. The janft* ampulla is (till preferred, 
and reverenced by the godly ; and the Abbi* Vertot was not afhamed ' 
to write a difTcrration in defence of it. Middleton hath made ibme 
remarks on this miracle. 

* Archbishop Hincmar, fays Fleiuy, fo late as in the year 869, is 
the firtt voucher for the truth of the fancla ampulla, the bcly via!. 
Hence, I think, and from McuTv's lilcncc when he relates the bap 1 
tifro cf Clovis, it uuy be concluded that he had not fuch a portion 0/ ' 


Jortui 9 * Rimarii *n Eukf&jlual Ify'Iefj* 


fiidi as Biroc'tai, and ikal he believed nothing of thi» miracle, 
fane may tic faid of D^ciei, who wioic the hilloiy of Fi lOCfl. 

'i * Vcrtot, waa not left a maAerly 

ftrafc -', than a miracle of grace; and : in* 

bantifm d:d no* retro in tiaal. becaufr he wii the ftrongclt, but be* 

caafc the clergy had dUpofcd tic people to NCflUi him. 44 their law- 


• [ ; r to wSnfr fietf tail ru-acle wa* wrought, Wat 

a Carifttaa. it fceflH flnagfi for . . lian. He retailed 

alt the Jcrvcity aid batbirity that ho barf v,htt hu wat a pa«*n. Rell- 

leij, arnbitio-**, and fangutnarr, at ;no4 conqueror* arc, he murdered 

•*ad pin so who *cic hu neat 

If there be any truth in the tiory, (which I do not believe) I 

would fuppofr, witl m, that th > .ictended 

at the )»ing*« bapn.-n, had trained up a tunc dove 10 11/ :o the, 

with a phiJ hcoj» to her neck. Why doc i We had hcie a C-ttit'y- 

lerj t who coald per Mm greater feat*, and play ai many ingctlous 

trie* . die tiuh hrjt, j.»d the <hit*fa<tsi t to tho 

aHooitUmcii* oi the fpeMaton.— 

• A. ^9:. St. Ccluoabanus wai an Irishman, a none, a prophet, 
axd a worker of nun:'-- . *ad f«;fcd in France. KcMand 
a cavern 1 ~U.^t. Id- fot .iv.- v v u.r bear, -i»4 
tooVit for hi;o-Aii nfe, and cajfed a fountain to fpriag ap cloia 

* Tr not hat* turned the ; of has oway 
boc!< '■ :h be hail .-. ri^ ' which in- 
law i* nine points of ten ,. Tfw f! 

den might have held thctn bothj and cbc:ra pretty 

lis, a monk and aa ibbet, . ccr.- 

mrr, had retired to Scyl • * tavern which was inhabited uy 

a huge lice, I!::* 

there feetnvco hare I ...-. — 

• A. e$>- Ath id been exeojai 

cattd for having cr.terc.". into a!uae.ce wi I'apt 

aa lari abfolied hira, Lj-oa core!;:. on, fays he, chat jou fc*id us ihc 
principal perl. «.cna wbcm >uu haw . and 

ion iopoffd upon c Bifhop by 1 
i: b*r/fy conformable, . teat miMnofs of lita 

■ H- :ch orChrifttod the churdi cf the 

Fope arc two liferent things.— 

nghtri-n, was a mon/ier of 
ink i '.cd in a com ell, 1 I 

cat von, adultery, f.icrilc,;c, murder, inecll, blafphi 
ii:Hra. Ac. aad dep-'fcil for thi cd hij 

See, and drpofrd the Y 

bat ! tof/ohn XH. and war the O'ft 


erodoced the cufi ; a new r>2me. 

\9 bji behaviour j f jr tciug ooc ai^ht in bed > itfa 

Hi; end 

jqz Jortin'j Remarks on Ecdefiaftical Miflory. 

thcr man's wife, he received a blow from an unknown hand, of 
which he died after eight days, without any other <vimsicwm than the 
knock on the temples, which did his buuneb. Baronius fays, from 
Luitprandus, that it was the devil who gave John that blow ; but it 
ieems not probable that fatan would have ufed his good friend in foch 
a manner. It is more likely that it might be the hulbandof the 

• About the time that John entered into his See, died ThcophiJus, 
who at the age of (ixteen had been made Patriarch of Couftantinople, 
and was much fuch another faint as John. He openly ibid bithop- 
ricks and all cccleuaftical offices. He loved hunting and horfes even 
to madnefs ; he kept two thoufand, and fed them with all fuch fort 
of rarities as they would eat. On an Holy Thurfday, as he was at 
snafs, word was brought to him at church that his favourite mare 
bad foaled. He inftantly left the church-fervice in the midft, to my , 
her a vifit, and then came back to make an end of the fervice. 
He introduced the cuftom of dancing in the church on holydaya, 
with immodeft poftures, accompanied with ridiculous b 11 ads.* 

We (ball conclude this article with the Author's obfervatfon* 
concerning the obstacles to the propagation of the gofpelj— 
they are febjoined to Fleury's Difcourfc on the Croifades, which 
the Doctor has inferted in his fifth volume ; — indeed more'thia 
half this volume is tranflated from Fleury. 

' From the attempts of Papilla, fays he, to convert Infidels, wv 
thing very beneficial to chriftianity can well be expelled ; not be- 
caufc the former are always deficient in learning and abilities, but 
becaufe their own religious fcheme labours under infuperable diffi- 
culties. Some of them can rcafon well, and fomc have written well, 
npon the evidences of natural and revealed religion. But to make 
men Chriftians is the fmaller part of their talk ; they muft proceed, 
and make them members of the church of Rome, and receivers of 
her doctrines, fome of which are contrary to the teftimooy of the 
fenfes, and abounding with contradictions; fo that rcafon ranfi be 
difcarded from the Romifb fyftem, and a fanatical fort of faith re* 
quired from the converts. 

* But that is not all. Suppofc that Infidel Princes (hould by fame 
way or other get an infight into eccleiiaftica] hillory, into the papal 
usurpations, the power which the vicar of Chrift claims over all 
men, both in temporals and fpirituals, the ufe of St. Peter's two 
(words, the pretenfions to infallibility, th/ extortions, the indulgen- 
ces, the inquiiitions, the pious frauds, the lying miracles, the ex* 
purgatory indexes, the open violence, the interdicts, the excommu- 
nications, the breach of public faith, the mafTacrcs of heretics and 
infidels, the abfolving fubjects from their allegiance, the depafing 
and affaffi nating of princes, the difpofmg of crowns and fcepters, and 
a long catalogue of enormities practifed by the Roman church and 
its rulers, it cannot be well fuppofed that fuch Princes would be fo&i 
of admitting fuch teachers into their dominions. 

' But, to fay the plain truth, Chriftians in general feem not to be 
ferfidfy qualified for this undertaking ; nor will be fo, till metaphy- 

OHMttatfsIntroduellontatht Study eft JjsHfary t &c. 193 

ficaljind fcbolaih'cal divinity is cither difcardtd from the Chri.lian 
(y&etn, or at leaft is allowed not to be client ial to Chri;liani:y, nor 
neceflary to be received as a condition to falvation.' 

This is honeiily and candidiy faid, and well defcrves the at- 
tentive confideration of thofe who have the interefls cf chrifli- 
inity and the honour of our ecclcfiaitical conflituiion a: heart. 

A* T. VII. An IntroduSion to the Study rftbs Hlfiory c;:J Antiquities cf 
lrtland : Jn which tJie Aflertions of Mr. Hume and other Writer* 
are occauonally confidercd. Muilrated with Copper plates. Alio 
two Appendixes : Containing 1. Animadversions or. an introduc- 
tion to theHiftory of Great Britain and Ireland, by J. Macphcr- 
fon, Bfij. 2. Obfervations on the Memoirs of Great Britain and 
Ireland, by Sir John Dalrymple. By Sylveller O H-illoran. zto". 
12 s. Boards, Murray. 1772. 

THE late controverfy concerning the hiflory and antiqui- 
ties of the Land of Cakes, and of the If and of Saints, hath 
prompted a warm champion to take the field in behalf of the 
fair lady Hihernla ; who, he thinks, ha:h been injuriously treated 
by many historians of her filler ifhnJ, particularly by the Humes', 
the Macpherfons, the Dalrymples, and other North-firitifh 
writers: againft whom, therefore, he draws his vindictive 
weapon, and lays about him with an ardour and zeal which 
reminds us of the quarrel between Sir Anby Alacfarcafm and Sir 
CtUagban O BraghaUan % y when they went to tilting about the 
reputation of their great grandmothers. 

1 ^Having, fays Mr. O Halloran, a natural reverence for the dig- 
nity and antiquity of my native country, ft.-enrjtliened by education, 
and confirmed by an intimate knowledge of its hi!:ory, I could net, 
Without the greateft pain and indignation, behold on the one part, 
alraoft all the writers of England and Scotland (and from them of 
otber parts of Europe) reprefenting the Irifii nation as the moll bru- 
tal-ana lavage of mankind, dcflitutc of arts, lcrrers and (epilation ; 
and on the other, the extreme p.ifiivcnefs ami infenfibilicy of the 
preTent race of Iriih, at fuch reiterated inJuitJ offered to truth and 
their country : inftances of inattention to own honour, unex- 
ampled in any other civilized nation.' 

But, foft ye, a while. Who abufos the Irift now? Not 
their own flaming champion, furelv ! Yv*, it is Mr. Sylv.'ler 
Halloran himfclf; and grvunJkfsiy, too, doss he fecm to 
calumniate them, if any credit is uuc to his cvvn confefiiun, ac 
the end of his book : whore it appears that fo far are the fre- 
felt race of Hibernians from being jullly chargeable with this 
unexampled infcnfibility and inattention to their own honour, 
that we find them roufed from their litb&r*% by the infslcnu of 
their CaUdonlan adverfarics. * The Amor Patriae, fays our 

• In Macklin's Love a la mode. 

Rev. Sept. 1^73' & &u\W* 

1 94 O Halloran'; Introduction to the Study of the 

Author, once mart begins to glow in the hearts of Irishmen r 
the nobility and gentry think their ancient annals worth ex- 
ploring and preferring - t and it is to be hoped in a little time 
that the hiflory and antiquities of Ireland will be cftablifhed 
on a bafis too {table for fuch adverfaries, and throw the fo much 
wanted light it is capable of, on the ancient ftate of the Celtic 
nations of Europe,' 

But our Author, though fometimes a little hefty y is not, per- 
haps, guilty of fo much (elf-contradiction as may, at foft fight, 
appear to. the view of a curfory reader. His countrymen mighty 
poflibly, have been in a Uthargy % when he begun to write this 
introduction to the ftudy of that hiftory and thofe antiquities 
.which they had unhappily forgotten ; but as he muft have em- 
ployed a confiderable time in the completion of fo elaborates 
work, and many events and changes mutt have taken place in 
fo long an interval, fo Mr. Sylvcfter O Halloran might have 
the agreeable furprize to find, at the conclufion of his peiform- 
ance,' that fomething or other, the two malignant Macpherfons, 
or the daring Dalrymple, had roufed them, and be bad the hap- 
pinefs of perceiving the Amor Patriae once msre glow fn the 
hearts of Irifhmen. From which cxpreffion, by the way, we 
learn that the patriots of Ireland were not always in a lethargy; 
although we do not obfervc that the exact times when they 
were feized with this difordsr, and when they recovered from 
it, are fo carefully noted as they ought to have been, efpec tally 
if the Author, as we imagine, belongs to a branch of toe 
faculty +. 

In his preliminary difcourfe, our Author fuppofes the quefHon 
— « 4 Why mould Englifh and Scottish writers be fo particu- 
larly indefatigable to milrcprefmt and traduce the Jrifb nation, 
and its annals, if they were not convinced that they merited 
fuch treatment ?'* Thir, he apprehends to be 4 a fubject worth 
difcuftng ;' and, accordingly, he enters upon it with zeal, but 
treats it with brevity, and, indeed, with penpicuity. 

He obfervfs that ihe moft early Lritifh writers * are diffufive 
in praife of the lrifli, — their humanity, their hofpitality, their 
love of letters, their noble endowments for the education of 
Britifh youth, ai.J the uncommon pains they took in convert- 
ing and civi!i::in<; thcSjxon iace ; but the moment a fatal con- 
nection aiol'e tctwicn the two people, we find the tables 
turned, and every crime that human malice can invent, or hu- 
man frailty imagine, imputed to them I* . . 

A We remember a trcntife on the Glaucoma^ and another, if we raif- 
takc nor, on Cfaignwfi by a Writer of the fnme name; probably 
ihe identical Author of the hiilorical work before us. 


tfyljry an J Axtifuittfs tfhtUti. 



e wwfquhy, Itjuftrtting the hiflorv, anJ d?fend- 
ry, Mr. O Hal oriti bi5 rn*ny 
' lira-* f»t he h*. c/r.j 

. Among o; 

be admirers ofraodem re-.. .'>iurd to fuppofe, 

x colony of people looutd 
awle ■ the uic or' the needle 

va»fc**ad oot, . 

iftdit. *llc;cinj: yet I'urcly Ihcrccau be no more 

fr-i<m Iqr itnyin? ike f*& in one, than the other iuflance, fince taey 
alike depeed oa tic : But in mar;. * how 

Its ? the CYiiri'e have 
been irj p -Leriet, we mode earn boift 

n* o«f own . bare more than bare prefurnp::on for fu: 

rv acquaint* 

lido, aJiO: ; 

itfocTn^i the public of * map off t le heavens tirade there 1" an tarftue 

IfcC an. . id -Ahull ncit only I 

Syejaifc* ■ c delineated i andou- 

ri h coa(U were til. I difcoicied with 

ii. In the ifland of the Hrperbo- 

d t die people cooIJ bring r to laem, 

{h<cs was found out. the ilory was treated a> a tlflloc. 
waec ill thL, kc ua .iiV, what motives could our fenachics huvc for 

. rcliiioa of the different imgra- 
r| their an rn fcgypt to Greece ; from ;h:nce to 

a<><3 lb » Ireland • We fee the Came unvaruiftied taJe tranfnittc 

i the rcaiotcll antiquity, without the Icail altera- 
idcitcca which I have produced fro 

. arc ailontfhinaly fti <!er» 

in -.vhich they paiTcd, This critic:! en | 
■ ■ 
i ike, I apprehend will throw a *cry great 

are parti of antient hil . kail the reader 
!'•:', when he reads the 6th aed rth chant- <: 
i ..<■ \ pei i. i 1, tfefenbed by 

Oindor , hti been tup;. It J by fomc, like Sir Thotrua 

-n isia^iaary one j but the many Creek writer* v.ho 
wj daub; at :. 
■ nly doupt that remain i-. t where to ti. 
pten of the firll pait of this introduclioa ireexamited, 
cnnbled to determine whether Irelacd is 
ibed in ever, lii ;, j nd how far her hi'Aory is 
Capable at" reconciling nun;, control ..tient tiiflory. 

nd Roman writer* have represented the Drut^s 

rope ; aa a 

n, err.itcn fcu ted virtu*!, and for tfceir eat- 

fttafic ieowlcd^c is art; aiJ fcicocea. Yet if Accredit moRkarutJL 

jqS O Halloran'x lntroiufiion to the Study of tU 

moderns, thefe Druids borrowed their ac\s and myfteries from *tfc# 
very Greek* themfelves ; though thefe laft tell tu, that they, were coo r 
fined to the remote parts of Europe, and mention, them. a* >l people? 
they were little acquainted with I 

* Finding in all periods of our Pagan hiilory, conflant mention of 
Druid prices, and having yet in our language no other word than 
Draitbt .whereby to exprefs a diviner, or teller of fature events, I 
began to fufpeel that this extraordinary body of men took their nfd 
among us ; and that with arts and letters, they fpread their doctrine 
over the continent of Europe. I read with attention all that had 
been advanced by foreigners relative to them : I particularly oon- 
fidercd every paftage in fisfar, who was an eyewitnefs. I compared 
thefe, with the accounts of our Druids as delivered by Colganin the 
lives of our early Cbriftians, and with many parts of our antient 
hiflory ; and in the whole have found a molt afloniflijog co-incidence 
of facW The miftakes of Scaliger, Selden, and other modern cri- 
ties, with refpeft to Csefar's relation, I have hereby been enabled to 
correal ; and hence every lover of truth may learn how dangerous 
and prefumpdous it is in modern critics and commentators, merely 
beciufc fome parts of a relation feem to them abllrufe, boldly, to 
contradicl what are advanced as politive fa&s by antient writers, and 
living witnefles. In a word, a perufal of the 3d, 4th, and {th chap- 
ters of this lirll parr, will convince the unprejudiced, that the Heft- 
then Irilh wcic the polillsers and inltruclors of the adjacent nations t 
and that the Irilh hiilory thou! J be diligently ftudiud by every learned 
European ; nay, that it is impofuble to become a profound antiqua- 
rian without a knowledge of it. 

* Cx'.ar tells us, that lettered men were in the highell elUmatjoa 
among the Gauls ; he defcribes their governments, and affirms, that 
in all tr»nfac«ion?, whether of a public or private nature, religious 
ones only excepted, they made uie of letters. He is pontive they 
had public colleges for the education of youth ; and that thefe were 
ior'tru^ted not only in religion and difcipline, but in the foblineft 
pans of metaphyseal and philofophical knowledge. Yet modern 
writers, in opposition to thefe aflertions, affirm, that thefe anditfce 
circumjacent nations were rude, ignorant, and illiterate, witkftet 
public records, wl.hcut hiilory, or any marks of a civilization. Hojff 
is this confident with the veneration they exprefs for the Roman W> 
toiians : Mail it follow, becaufc through various revolutions theft 
annals are long fince loll to us, that Ca-lar intended to impofe on die 
Roman people? Our hiilory will clearly (hew he never meant anj 
fuch'thing ; and cur Hiilory can vindicate the learning and jio- 
nour of the Celtic nations, from the afperfions of their very defcen- 
dants. Cxfar tells us the Druids were great ailronomers, and she 
Irilh word for a year literally fignifies the circle of" Deal, or the Su», 
He tells us, to them were committed the education of youth; andia 
every part of Ireland colleges were founded for the fame purpefe- 
He fay*, that fuch as chofc to become eminent in letters, repaired 
to the iAcs cf Britain, or rather to Ireland; and at the reception of, 
Chriliianity, and for centuries after, was a man of letters of Britain, 
or of the continent miffing, it was a proverbial expreffion Amamdtuux 
£} ad uifti}ltea:n 7 in UUiiiJJ, Thu-, in the days of Diuidifm as in 

. fubfeouent 

Ifi/Jcry and /haffHitw #/ In 197 

faUeejocat dnr», wa* he! great ton >pc; and it 

vi. i fc» kndi^ii our antient hirfciry, like pure go* J, the n 
Ttrcir 1; 11 atalyfcd, the htgbar it **.-*♦ 

♦ ioceo* that oar incnli-n came here a great a»d polJJicd 
peoc V 4 from Ccr records every pr:of of it, and wai not 

:udioa 01" foreign aa 
««*.} m r)i, (hewed tW>m indeed a learned cation ; but 

their BtCNrJ** to <rcty ot lor iwfu * bjeti, peered i h^m a rrtal Md 
wile ft ate Noc even at tliit da» in . >irric*Itiirc carried to 

a higher jiiu '• ' .'1 - . «' : waa fur: ici\) aaaon ■ : il ni;!i. :hc tract* 01* 
abaci* rreyet vitible in our nilde* and moll uncultivated ciountaias. 
tWr proiaoted papulation. formei an natdl unry, 

and ganr rile t > new want* and new induliry. te w*i frost the coun* 
itauoce aatordtd by flu/ prince* to agriculture, that trade* aad tna- 
defactarea earl/ flo<aiiu:d axiOngft u» ; that the bowels of th: 
•ere explored for new richri ; that Ireland was renowned ror her 
ninoof goM. I .''P*'» *"d tin; that our eommere* w»t e 

ten ire ; and that, r.: Lcitit coniefei, our port* were eorc fre- 
faewed b tbofe of Bruuca. By this i na- 

vies aad arniire fury Lied witn Hardy warrior*, who kept in fubjto 
iitr,thr n+ighboaring ftatea. and who tret I . 1 riei 

■ f.ta 01 the 1 1 r arrtient Roman*. We may judge of 

lie fie be a of Ireland foinrrly. from the early Uwi made in the httU 
fmii*m*mt of the ^a/r, -a^;ii H :be ufc of jruld bsta, and ornament* 
of gold to bridles accept by pcrtona of a certain rank ; and by the 
aery on pure aUer exported. Such are the confecruencei that muit 
eve* *©w from a firi« attention to agneultnre. 

I QObfrdered our ant.ent mode oflegiflaHoo with great attenti 1; 
and I falter vtyfrlf ifcat 1 have viewed lis advantage! 1 iroupli a 
cJaar 1 J-iy preceding writer. It is a fact adm> 

tie moS celebrated i -c. that the ancient lair*, infiitarioat, 

aafeatnnoi ot Europe wera in no decree borrowed from the Greeks 
and Rcoan* ; and in Ireland 1 r'<>ond their rife could be traced aa 
■afliati" ( literatoro. Gdar, for trample, di» 

nac* tke linn's into ■ ■ " thu? were the Frith arranged. 

K« Uft tie at toth- I "ir irnighti were In the higlu-ll clWent, 

tad claat they ware remai»;a61e in >ii» time .— exacllyovr eate- Pm 
Uaa dcfcnbe» their oi-nitr of fighting i aad ever/ pa^e of our hif- 
mry m pregraajii wilb proof# of Ikeir romantw brarery and buna- 
a»r* ( yet mo*H ir.-»rtrriii are of opinion that orderi of chlnlry took 
Unrrii« in Earope at a mach htrr period. Hottoeaai ioco- 

a jtfdeea that tie cronn Of Kraace wat alwayi hereditary ia the 
uree royal laceai wbilll Dia Hatlaa, on the contrarr, think*. t| 
near the t**>6rQ r«cc\ it was merely eleclivc. To reconcile opi- 
atft%t lo ofipolite. the learned Pere Darrlri knaginrt, that the cr:;wn, 
cf Pr«a<e w*a bercdmry under the nrft race, eiettive utder the 
frcoml, *ad again fceredi: Vertoe bai with {retl 

rargoanens proved, t>iat in all ioJUacee Jt .n loth hrredi- 
pry aad eleAive- That is, tkat ia point of blood, ic could not depart 
traai the rcigaia/; Nnej but thv the forceOioo di*l tvit f*C* dit«ci.L«j 
10 1 jIooJ, bat wai detertniatrd br the choitt of ibe c\^tW 

ed tie vtcplc* SjtcJi his beer, the J?i!b tsodu) of 1 fcotn 


198 O HftUoun'i Intfiu&mn tbt Stuff*/ ibi t 

the remoteft antiquity even to the beginning of tie laftncottkirjfc 
Kone but the male line could govern in France; rtnl t hr o ugh imy 
extended hiftory, but one inftance occurs of a female regent. Amofig 
the Celtic nations we find all crimes, even murder, punifhed by fin*, 
or fervitudtj and the fine was fettled, according to the dignity suad 
quality of the deceafed. In Ireland, from the da vs of OHam a- Fod li, 
till the laft century, all crimes, (violation offered to females, and in- 
fults offered to any of the eftates affemblcd at Tara excepted) ty&V 
in like manner pnnifhed by mulct ; aud this has been by purrifctyera 
called the law of Eiric, or retribution. Englifh writers m-pwrlbula* 
have been wanton in their cenfures' of this law, which they. iksani 
accounted to the laft decree barbarous; and this apparently -for q* 
other reafon but to run down the irifh legislation, iince it ia certain 
that their anceftors ftrictly adhered to the fame. It has not appeared 
however that the more fanguinary and fiery ones that have fucceetfef 
have been the leaft check upon vice and immorality ; and fince w , 
encreafe of thofe laws, there has vifibly been an increafe oFpubflc 
executions and public crimes. If a reverence for flricl and impartial 
joftice, as well as for the distributers of it, be a proof of falutary W#4 
duly adminiflered, it muft be granted that thofe of Ireland wersjesosv 
nently fo f as thofe Englifh lawyers, who firit introduced the prefect 
form of legislation into the Jrith counties in the laft ccmury, mt# 
fully acknowledge, -< l|:t J 

* But befide the great lights which our hiflory is capable of throW 
ing on the antient laws and ceftoms of Europe in general, Engfaw 
is more particularly intereited in this enquiry. I have wrote a 'pit 
ticular chapter on this head ; and if i (hall not have the thaokVof 
BritiQi antiquarians for it, I can only fay, that I have taken no fmall 
trouble to defeive it. The learned Cambden was too great ari an- 
tiquarian to be totally ignorant of the Irifli language, as his BritiM^m 
proves. It was in consequence of this knowledge, and to be able 
to account for the many Irifh words found in the BritiQi, that' tie 
foppofes the Aborigines of Ireland came from thence. Mr. Lurid, 
from the employment he engaged in, found himfelf under an indrf- 
penfable ncceflity of becoming matter of our tongue. It was frtta 
this acquifi t ion that he was enabled to anfwer the expectations of his 
patrons, and to prove to the curious, how much the antiquities' "of 
Britain could be illultrated by thofe of Ireland. He too fuppofertho 
firft fettlers in Ireland to have come from England, and thereby ac- 
counts for the moft antient names of places, CSV. there, being radfesa 
Irifh. The lately deceafed Dr. John O Brien, titular bilhop oi Cloyae, 
allonifhed at the light which our language throws,- not only on the 
£iitilh, but the other Celtic dialects, m forced to adopt, in his irifh 
Dictionary, the modern lyllcm of population in direct oppofition to 
all antient history, and particularly to that of his native connuy. 
But, convinced of the of the venerable Bed e on this head, 
and the pofitive aflertions of oar very antient writers, that toe firft 
inhabitants of Britain went from Ireland (and I do contend that their 
ttftiraonies fhould have the greater weight) I have clearly, 1 think, 
accounted for the affinity between the two languages, 'without' at- 
ft-ojptJDi: to iubvert antient "hiflory. 1 " ' '".'.. 

Htjfrry and AmsquhUs *f Irthvd. 


Thus fir lather hlnafehf given a ficctch of the firft 

end fecund pails of hii work i and lie sp\u<h I ic c!r- 

rMftatices noticed id it, will appear, to evrry candid re*: 
t* be very ftroa£ prtols of ehc alleged pew niiy, and ci- 

of the ancient Irtfa, 

e& to the third |»*ft ofovr Author's »ncc t 

we loiil only mention, with ail poaTiblc broriry, its punn 


ilete, tben, Mr. O H* 1 1 or an recite* ih :*nce which 

occalioned^traQcbow's exceottion 10 ireland ; he fhewi in what 
mar.; II. arail f of I he iiitcltinc commotions 

.u kingdom; and endeavour^ to >*» befog 

acknowledged as monarcu, by ' a considerable pari >rd* 

cfto En^lifti no pretence (o the claim of l > of that 

country. He cut t«ids } likcwile, that the acceptance of Eng- 
I lb laws, on tbc [ art -<r"the Irilli, is no proof of a foreign do- 
eujivoo fc Chat, foe a^nvt aoo year*. trWc law* extended no 
briber (ban the pale; aud that when agreed to and 
accepted by the entuc kingdom, it wai on certain cenditiois: a 
cifCumUance certainly preclude* th< . a oncjucfr. 

He then fbrw* in what manner tbc political ami religious dif- 
tuktioos, fo ruinous to Ireland, .. artfully kept up by tbc 
Eaetrffc government ; and here he vr/v juftJy remark*, with re- 
%ccK to the Uriiilh conftiut.on, * that it can utiy flouiilh by 
■ icu* 
' It is this, fayi he, that m="<e« item great and powerful. Zcaloas 
to pjcfc: plaulc, ;he party in pnwer are always careful to 

id to kotji trade and COtntncTCC in the molt 
liticm. ! in nppofirii 1 t'.b their 

"and iny unpnpulir ih-intth 

tm- - uetne, teduloetlry 

I to, and all aft» of fool oppress* on cither relij»inuily 
tu: From a retroTpedioa of Irirb affairs, for near 600 jrotol 
pii, I vay» itic 

nua ngdom ; and tnit by 1 Aral coalition of Irillimeo, c*fy, 

um . leftibltV 

.i>ns, he adds, ?nd the folicitude of cither 
party to blacken each other, ' . made nur coun- 

try appear ' ope, vcr, differently from what 

itdefcrvct ; and (**rcc a writer, eren <>f 1 1 the 

groat Volnure eowu :o Da*td Hume, who d K not thlrft he 
mav, with impunity, putnifh my nnficprcferuauofi ol lie. And, 
however fear. da low.' — 1'*..; remark k followed by a warm vin- 
dkation of the lrifb af.ainft tome contemptuous n ctiofll c»(l 
a*poi: :S XIV. tuaje 

in bis Iltftory of England. He then proceeds ta nis 

<o«mrymen the alleged rnifrcprcfcatatfoni <*! Ctar 1- 
Aod oibcn> with rcfrscit to the civil war in LxcUod in the 
O 4 v«ia 

200 O Ilaticran'r Inirodufilon U the Study of the 

time of Charles I. and he particularly extenuates the reputsd 
cruel and horrid citcumftances of the general en a fiacre of the 
Proteilants : at the fame time he recriminate* on the Engliflh, 
and charges them with excrcifing unexampled cruelties on the 
Irifh.' This, however, he the inftrumentalfty of 
the Scotch ; whom he accufes, as * the real fource of all the 
calamities of thofe unhappy times.* 

In the la(l chapter he undertakes to fhew that ' the Scotch 
arc the only nation in Europe which runs retrograde to the evi- 
dence of their true hiltory ;' which he allows to he * very an- 
cient, and, to them, very honourable.' They have now adopted, 
he fays, * a fyflcm of hiltory, founded on fpurious poems.' He 
falls Ic.erely on Or. Macpherfon, author of the * Critical Dif- 
fertations on the Origin* &c. of the ancient Caledonians and 
their pofterity ;' gives us a critical review of thofe difiertations; 
and concludes that * never did man take more pains, or difplay 
more reading, and to a worfe purpofe, than Dr» Macpherfon/ 
— For the particulars of his various and copious ftriciure* on 
the learned Doctor's work, we muft refer to Mr. Halloran'i 
performance at large. 

There are two Appendixes to this work. In the fir/f 9 oor 
Author keenly and feverely animadverts on the Introduction to 
the Hiftory of Great Britain and Ireland, by James Macpher- 
fon, Efq. In the fecondy he attacks Sir John Dalrymple, on 
account of fome paflages in his celebrated Afemairt, which 
ftcm to bear hard upon the Irifh, with refpecl to their condo& 
at the time of the revolution, and the fubfequent partizanwar. 

But, angry as our Author is with the Scotch, he appears 
willing to live upon tolerable terms with his fellow-fubjedts of 

* To view, fays he, the two iflands of Britain and Ireland, one 
would think them intended to fupport and protect each other. Tie 
ancient Greeks and Romans called them indiscriminately the Rritijb 
IJles, as if they were inhabited by the fame people; and Cambdcn 
thinks Albion, the moll ancient name of Brirain, was given it as it 
.were a fecond Ireland (Eile-Ban, another Ireland ;) Ban, or Banba 
being one of the ancient names of our country. Ciefar too lays, 
the cuftoms and manners of the two people are nearly alike; and 
in his prcient" majefty. and his anccitors from James I. the royal 
blood of the three kingdoms is united. AH thefe circumftances coil* 
fidercd, is it not aftonilhing that any dillinclions fbould be kept »p 
• between them V 

It is now time to clofe this performance ; — a performance 
which, notwithstanding all the national zeal, and pergonal acri- 
mony of the Writer, hath afforded us both entertainment *od 

We cannot, however, fay that we have received many ntir 
lights on fome points which moil wanted them; cfpecially with 


7 **'*" AxfyMkiti pf IrtlanJ. ao i 

regard to tl- Qnicof Ireland before :':ir introdiir")iori nf ( 
tuaky into tbat country. Vet, in genera), we have formed 

» Haltoran, but 
(rule, with ng into thoif: ich ho haa, 

lithe beet of i it fecim to have burnt up 

rather weaketv.d than llrengthened hi* tenets on that 
While he oMoa ihc preemptions in favour of the lawa and ct« 
v&Ution of Ireland, before the Chriltian epoch, he ia very juft, 
i**j laudable , but when be comes to adopt the old Mikuaa 
and other fable*, he otiljr provoke* a fa*!!*. What, too, can 
U more ridiculous than h i afligiiing the cuufc of the lirft gene- 
ral arflnielcencc of the Iriib, in chc Engltlh bwi, than their 
fxior, in chc Scoitxlh king, James J. a prince of the blood of 
dream* cannot but dcrraf: fiom the merit of 
the real and cnentiaJ lights which, in other rclpctte, he throw* 
aaxsi* the fubjed. 

A* to bit attacking M icrfon, on that gentleman'* 

attributing tike popttlation ol twhaardar 

«o4t hearty content. Yet u'e almoik incline to think lhaa 
M. enay be in the right i for, in tU: nature of I i;o of- 

fence, ; .Ireland) dries' it not frcoi osor* probabJc that 

the migration would be from ihe uorfc to a better country 
At tac fame time we do Id it to h- a p ( >int o; 

ice to literary or phitofiphical curio'uy, whether Irclam 
pcopVcil !ind-cla*i*, or tlic HagHaadVcbni by Iriih 

With reljvrA to Oman 'a Poems, ic appear* to ■*, thai 
O UaJloran has left the matter a* doubt .'«» -s he found it . 
a » forac bu* learned Nonh*6ritiflb public a;k>as hare done, in 
relation to that great hilV [ueen Maiy't guilt, 01 

•anoccivcc, of her huiband's mi rdci . lAcr dri^ 
tereral larje rotumei, by our expectation of Eavaac it cleaied 
ap.— Pctbapo, after ait, the n .at way of judging, with 

regard to tne bmturat ihe prvJuclion of tlvrfe poemt, 

gi%« ic to both countries: coruicflcd .i* they were, by 
■ mrfc, Jul nearly an identity of I 
In &'->?% arc would with that every thing were exploded, or 
rd, which tend* to keep alive any 
iirtinction between Scotland and licland, — or, indeed, England : 
with which we think them, for political, a:;d juft icaAaus, en- 
titled to pct(t& IqiTAtlTY. 

Eht, we flatter curfcJvci that Mr. O Hallo- 
raaj will hardly impute our disapprobation oi feme parts of hi* 
v«>ik, to amy naricwncfs of natron «l fparit. We would wilh, 
t» friend* to the interelt and glory of oar country, 10 frc Gresi 
Eritain, Ireland, and oar colotiici -ted into one grand, 

e, rtlfihlt 

202 . The Search of Happinefs ; a Pafioral Drama* 

indivifible mafs of dominion, without the lead ferment of any 
odious, opprcflivc, impolitic, or fcnfelefi diftinSions. 

Art. VIII. The Search of Happinefs ; a Pafioral Drama. By Ififl 
H. More. 8vo. is. 6d. ■ Cadell, &c. 1773. 

THERE is no inferior degree of valour requisite in criti- 
cifm* It is neceflary that the Critic fhould be an ap- 
proved knight. Perils more than apoftolica) have we encoun- 
tered, as liege knights of the Mufes, in the difcharge of our 
duty* and the purfuit of our proper glory. We have let the 
living light of reafon into the black holes of bigotry, and 
ftormed the giant-forts of epifcopal arrogance. We have fcaled 
the ftar-crowned dwellings of bards of defperate brains and def- 
perate fortunes. We have fought in fmgle combat with the 
dreadful monlters that prefide over the gaily- pot and the clyfter- 
pipe. Five times hath that puiflant knight, Sir William Brown, 
who flew feven ladies with one ode of Horace, been vanqui(he4 
by our prowefs. He is fled to Oflian's feeble fons of the wind* 
While he lived, he ihonc in arms ; pert were his magpies, 
noify were his jackdaws ; — and terrible were his paws of tht 
bear. We have been in perils from our own countrymen, and 
in perils from Grangers ; in perils from falfe boolcfellers, and 
in perils from falfe brethren; in perils from pamphleteers, who 
held us acceflary to their flarvation y and in perils from players 
who have exhibited us as ftarving ourfclves. Often have we 
been challenged to Angle combat. Forty pounds, fave ten, did 
a violent fon of St. David put upon our heads. Yet we live, 
and, with the true fpirit of redoubted knights, live to defend 
the fair ! 

The ingenious Author of the poem before us, in every re» 
fpect, merits our protection. Whether we conlider the har- 
mony of her vcrfe, or the happinefs of her fentiments, her 
iircng,th of thought, or her purity of expreftion, it equally ex- 
cites our admiration: — for this pafioral drama was written at 
the age of Eighteen ! 

The poem is entirely of a moral cafl, and was written, for 
the life of certain young ladies who played the rcfpe&ive cha- 
racter', in private parties. The plan is altogether ftmple and 
inartificial. Four young ladies ftt out for the dwelling of Ura- 
nia, an exemplary and experienced matron, to confutt her on 
the moft effectual means of attaining happinefs. The fair ad- 
venturers, in verv elegant vcrfe, reflectively explain their cha- 
xa£ters and difpoiitions, without fparine their peculiar foibles: 
snd, in the condition, the old lady difraiffes them with this 
Ja£c and icnfible advice : 

The Sddfd #lUtfi**fi ; * PtJiiralDraas. acj 

Let «0$)ia x\-t% her reil good difeera, 
Ami i ft of Urania l< 

}nmrH nan :>t of All hour, 

| )wr bei! empire negligence of power; 
. '.">* obtains the noble.t iv. 
;r:» ftcurciy when (he feeina ;"obcy. 

ice, however, can only be applicable to I id let 

ftate, in wP ich flare the young candidates for baj>- 

ippcar co be 9 but trie fair Author, wbts 

.1- candidates, very rcafonahly [irefnmed, no 

>tx, thai foe not her companions (bould Ibnj be oa 

The foil iful lines rn.ikc 3 pirt, likcwifc, of t 

laJy v >m : 

A* foaic fair violet, lowlicil of the glide, 
. its mi Iii fragrance on the lonely made, 
ntodVtt hra-4 twm public 
rti the fun, nor feeki the |;lare o- I j»ht f 
mne r jdc hin>l profanely dare intrude, 
! bear it* beauties from its native wood, 
F*pn*M abroad l« tftnpuiil colon n 
1 -tot decays, aad all iti odour* die. 
So woman, born 10 dignity retreat, 
lukooun to flouriflu ami unl'ccn be great, 
ivc domellia life it* fwtetrft ch 

be known. 
Shout J feck but hcavrn'i apphufo and her own : 
No ccn lures dread, but (hole which crimes impart, 
Th 01 -i iVll-rondemninjj heart ; 

With ar.£el-*ir>doets fhould behold Hiltrci,, 
And mcci;!/ pity, where ihc can't rrjrtl: ; 
Like c-:iTiicx Merer *-»pc Affliction'* tear, 
J5u; to fa fesere ; 

Her pafinns all er-rrctcd, or fubducd, 
Jiut one— tie *. ilrft ol "injjgoodt 

in i'.ill (necalli her Own, 
. aaibitiou uukca her bieafl its throne. 


In iti troe light tltit tranficnt life regard, 

A (i-*tc of trw! only, not reward ; 

Thou . pcaccfal 1* the poj^ 

Tie biifi i* pertWt the probation (hurt. 

Of hcmai* * pride, 

An ot'crul '■-•{ «*c:, bat a dogtroos gui . •, 

On hoi) Faith's afpLin^ pinion 

ASui your birthright, and atfuHic the 0J 



Lcland'r Hijlory of Ireland, 

The drama is interfperfed with feveral pretty pieces of the 
lyric kind for mufic and the voice. Among the reft is the fol- 
lowing addrefs to Solitude, 

Sweet Solitude, thou placid queen 
Of modeft air and brow ferenc, 
'Tis thou infpir'ft the poet's themes, 
Wrapt in ioh vifionary dreams. 

Parent of Virtue, nurfc of Thought, 
By thee were faints and patriarchs taught a 
"Wifdom from thee her treasures drew, 
And iu thy lap fair Science eicw. 

Whate'er exalts, refines and charms, 
Invites to Thought, to Virtue warms j 
Whate'er is perfect, fair and good, 
■\Vc owe to thee, fweet Solitude, 

In thefe b'elt (hades tloA thou maintain 
Thy peaceful, unmotaiied reign: 
No turbulent dclires intrude 
On thy rcpofc, fwcet Solitude. 

With thee the charm of life thai! laJfc, 
Ev'n when its rofy bloom is pall, 
And when flow-pacing Time mall fprea$ 
its filvcr blolToms o'ci my head ; 


No more with this vain world perplex'd, 
Shalt thou prepare me for the next ; 
The fpiicga of life flull gently ccafc, 
And angels puiut the way to peace. 

It is with great fatisfaclion we obfervc that the public favour 

has already brought this little drama to a feeond edition j and 

we fmccrcly with the fair and amiable Author thofe belt of all 

- human picafurcs, the pleafures that Genius and Virtue alone 

can bellow, , 

Art. DC. The Uifiny cf Inland from the lavafion if Henry the Second, 
H^itb a Preliminary Dijconrfe in the ancient State ef that Kingdom. 
By Thoma* Leland, D.D. Senior Fellow^of Tiinity College, and 
Prebendary of St, Patrick'*, Dublin. 410. 3 Vols. 3 I. 129. 6d. 
fewed. Nourfe, &c. J T7$- 

IN an age (<$ devoted to hiftorical writing as the prefent* aj 
in which fo many capital productions of that kind have 
peared, it might juftly be expected that the fubje£t of the. w 
before us would not be forgotten. It is undoubtedly defirani 

UUr.A't li 


to am not only genrral hiflo-ir« of rSs *: mpifc; 

» good hrRoricfiof its particular p^rts, in - p ,rt » 

f» confiderabte as the fiflcr kingdom d-nd and IttrljnJ. 

Not to mention other account* of" Scotland, ample 
bath been done 10 that count), with icf|i 
teretting period of its anna s, by the matter J) pen of Dr. Ro- 
benfoa. Socic attempts hjfc'C, likcwilc, been nude with re- 
fund ; but none of them Uem to hue been attended 
vita fuukieal C«. cccii. The i-tc Dr. V. arner did h 
deflgn; and, if be had completed it, tiicre it Malbfl to belie re, 
froto the fpecimen he left* that the execution of it woukJ hare 
fiilro far wort nf perfection, norwirhfhnding the c;rc and can- 
dour with which it appears to have been compi 

Every reijoiute qual'.ficaiiun might be hoped for in Dr. T.e- 
Imd. The Doctor ia rot a new literary character. He ij a 
r ahcady well known in the learned woild. Moft of our 
Readers arc acquainted with his excellent Tianflatiou* of De- 
Ecftheno * : am ha repactttoa as an hifloiical Wiim h. . 
Sang been eftabliihcd by his Life of Philip of Micedcn t, whi<h 
it an elegant, valuable, and claiXic pcrforinance. Should, there- 
fore, the Doctor be (Mind to foil in hi* ptefent undertaking, ic 
mold be contrary to all the rcfona! c hopes of the public. 
But, after a carets) perufal cf the Hirrocy before us f we can 
Kntorc to aiTurc ourRcadcis that their expectations will not be 
difippointed. The work is fuch as might be looked for from 
the pen of fo able and celebrated an Auth. 

Dr.Lcland rn:e:t nor into the minwix of the oripin and 
antiquiticr of Ireland. He confines bim 'tit, m h:s preliminary 
tikourfe, to tbofc particulate only whicli fecin 
trodwee, or to illuflratc, hii principal futjee*. The point* 
coafidctcd by him, in this view, .ire, the I itrorr of Ireland be- 
fore the introduclioii rt theeftabHtrjr;i -:to: 
tUaity in that kingdom, with its coi s; (he li 
asaniv Itifh : and the invafions of the country, prc- 
tavtrt to 1 1 of Henry the Second. 

From th furnifh ihe accounts of the 

Paean of Ireland, and of whom Dr ( J. eland £»vc* a 

my Ij r, he juflly uhferrrs that we haw a InreJy p!c- 

l mannas, more worthy of attention than the events 

vol. xv. p. af 4. Vol. axiv. p. soo. Vol. xiiiu 
r. tii. 

- ltfi) } i« I -nan F.Inrjneoco^ 

it*. Ji.. D< . Review, 

asiftfcato the Unto* > ■ of EngUad, K 

v. h>h 

206 LelancT r Hi/lory of Inland. 

which they deliver, with fb profufe * mixture of giants, necro* 
manccrs, obfeure allegories, and extravagant fables. ," 

* They defcribe, fays he, a brave people, driven from their na- 
tive land in fearcn of new fettlements, eftablilhing themfelves by 
their valour in a fair and fertile ifland : the chieftains parcelling out 
lands to their attendants, and the whole collection of adventurers^ 
from the moment of their peaceable eftabtifhment, devifing means to 
give liability to their acquifitions. From one family more di/lin- 
gnifhed and reverenced than the rcit, they chafe a monarch, not 
with that regard to primogeniture fuited to rimes more compofctf; 
but the ablelt and braveft of the particular race, as the man mod 
likely to protect or to avenge them. To guard again It the conro&m 
of fudden accidents in a time of violence, a fucceflbr is appointed 
to this monarch during his life, who on his demifc is in Handy Kg 
take the reins of government. But the power of the monarch u 
confiderably limited. His aflbciates in adventure, confeious of thcuj 
own merit, claim a fhare of dignity as well as of emolument. The* 
pay their tributes to that provincial king whom they chufe monarch 
of the ifland. In the other provinces they exercife all regal auth&i 
rity by virtue of a fimilar election. They have their rights inde- 
pendent of the monarch, and frequently vindicate them by arms 
againft his invafions. The monarch, fenfible of the danger ariliny 
from their turbulent fpirit of freedom, endeavours to fecurc his au- 
thority, fometimes by dividing their power, fomctimes by uniting 
the various independent Hates into one general interest by national 
conventions. In this flate of things, a robuil f;..nie of body, a ve- 
hemence of paffion, an elevated imagination were the characterise* 
of the people. Noble inftanccs of valour, generous tfTufions of be- 
nevolence, ardent refentments, defperate and vindiilive outrage* 
abound in their annals. To vcrfe and mulic they are peculiarly ad- 
dicted. They who are poflefled of any iupcrior degree of knowledge^ 
they who operate on their fancies and paiiions by the livcliclr. {train* 
of poetry, arc held in extraordinary veneration : the miniflers of 
their religion arc accounted more than human. To all thefe they 
fubmit their ccnteJts ; they confult them as oracles of law and pi>j 
licy. But reflection and the gradual progrefs of refinement convince 
them of the nccefSty of fettled law*. The principles of equity and 
independence implanted in the human br«:iut receive them with de- 
light; but the violence of paflion ftill proves fu^crior to their M- 
flratnt. Private injuries arc revenged by force; and infolcnt and; 
ambitious chieftain* (liil recur to arms. . .. 

* They who compare this account, a'Jds our ingenious Hilloriw* 
with the progrefs of focieiy in other European fettlements, may do-i 
cide on the julhicfs of this colouring. The Iriih antiquarian deduces 
from it an intrinfic proof of the general authenticity of his favourite 
annals.— But to the antiquarian I leave it to ellaMiih the authenticity 
of this hiftory. It is only pertinent to my prefent purpofe to obierve, 
that if we fuppofc that the old poets were merely inventors of thia 
whole feries of actions and incidents fo circcinltantially detailed*, 
ftill they mull have drawn their piclure from that government, and 
thole manners, which fubuilcd m their own days, or were remem-' 


LckndV irfarj oflrsknj. 

20 7 

So uax we n»»y xcafombly conclude, that 
li< ixx< of I. - laslt 'rxloee the introduc- 

;ly coLtluiiCu Hiiich I am concerned to 

The eoiwcrfion cf tec Iri£h to Cruiftianity it Renerally con- 
filered at anew period, whence wc cniy txacc tbeir hillory with 
mote certain II find ic encumbered wuti legen- 

dary acid pvctkal fciiw j. Tnil wa» undoubtedly an ii:t|x>riant 
alttch produced conftderabl:- but yet its influence 

njing the manners oc" the i:it:abiurtft WW 
nave bevr; i What were the reinfrcjuence* 

of the reception oi the cfpel among thcrr, we Icaia feem the 
folio v. 

:.op Cfltcr hu ».. n of <2«clri£t* taa£b£ 

idc wu free from the crone cfcufcJl of 

Boar. But pare as ki» prcad iog nigtu 

Ati, which, if rhrlr ii.l acacc lie m . .1, lead to 

-.araonbe, ie?J elevate the ha (hoc mia-j, do hoc appeal t* 

beew fo deeply imbibed, ox blended io thoroughly with the oa- 

• ■l tac people, ai to produce an .cfer- 

: Lut.«t;lcJ w 
ao unchrii i was / a fo- 

aouaced lh< Km! been t ce oC 

rami. Y id he returned to Xi . .1, 1. 1 

ith a flioeki cc cf li:»J*u:d 

tb6*ga;icc, I i-vocd. 

Ic :s true the r *r. . : inaaltfls, xandalixcd at (his < 
tkic Leorauc apoflatiscd k/tee Kit ba?:ifm* The UU, it ,-,*,.- 

;i a bom* 
ofnaatne-i proved loo po . the prcacLexj of C 

. been exbficcd auc 
Jeath of 

mbition. Vet 
jld not eradicate, at UaA 
retained the national wees. A . fccu- 

hr and r*£« Ic countrj , frequently 

became umpire* betuftri 1 they 

Could rot eonfin ; - ia the bounds of reat'on ion, at 

Scare terrified licsn by dcx/Ouod A£lin£ their ex- 

ccfies. . ■« ignorant pct'i'I' aiixa* 

efrt w*ih a rengioat 1:. . 

tad every d-imrtlic ftrifc, !>.*> were fa They fooa 


pray era 

"O ui f 

"1« to 
aWi ' 

208 Lcland'j Hi/lory oflnhnS. 

" The Monks,", faith Mr. O'Connor, " fixed their habitation* 
in defer ts, which they cultivated with their own hands, and rendered 
the moil delightful {pots in the kingdom. Thefe defcrts became 
well policed cities ; and it is remarkable enough, ihaf to the Monks 
we owe fo ufeful an inftitntion in Ireland, as bringing great nam* 
bers together into one civil community.— In thefe cities the Monti 
fee up fchools, in which they educated the youth not only of the 
jfland but the neighbouring nations." The teilimony of Bcde it on* 
qucftionable, that about the middle of the feventh century, in the 
days of the venerable prelates Finian and Cclman, many nobles an^ 
other orders of the Anglo-Saxons, retired from their own country 
into Ireland, either for inftruelion, or for an opportunity of living 
in monafterics of ftritter difcijlinc : and tli-t the Scots (as he ftile* 
the Irifti) maintained them, taught t»tm, and furnifhed them wi'tE 
books, without fee or reward : " A mail honourable tellimonr,* 
faith the elegant Lord Lyttclton, ■• not only to the learning, bat 
likewife to the hofpitality and bounty of that nation !" A conflox 
of foreigners to a rctirsd iiiand, a: a time when Europe was in ig* 
norancc and confufion, gave peculiar luflrc to this fc:;t of learning t 
nor is it improbable or furpiiiing, that feven thou land indents ftn» 
died at Armagh, agreeable to the accounts of Iriih writers, though 
the feminary of Armagh was but one of thofe numerous college! 
erected in Ireland. 

* But the labours of the Iriih clergy were not confined to their owi 
country. Their mifiionaries were fent to the continent. They con-' 
verted heathens, they confirmed believers, they erected convent* 1 , 
they eftablilhcd fchools of learning; they taught the ufe of letters 
to thc'Saxons and Normans, they convened the Pifls by the preach* 
jng of Columb-kill, one of their renowned ccclefiafiics : Borgundyi 
Germany, and other countries received their inftruclions: and E« l 
rope with gratitude confefled the fuperior knowledge, the piety, the 
zeal, the purity of the Island of Saints. Such arc the events ed 
which Iriih writers dwell with an cnthufiailic delight. 

1 The firft Chriftian miflion2rics feem to have induftrioufly avoided 
all unncceflary violence to the ancient manners of the Irifh. Thejr 
poets they favoured and protected ; the remains of the Druidical or*- 
der were not perfecuted ; and although divine vengeance was thun- 
dered againit the y/orfhippers of the fun, flars, and winds, ic is evi- 
dent, that fomc Pagan fuperllkions were overlooked with too great 
indulgence ; for they fubiill ar this day in Ireland : fires'are lighted 
up at particular times, and the more ignorant Irifh (till drive their 
cattle through thefe fires, as an effectual means of prcferving them 
from future accidents.' * 

The whole of what Dr. Leland has advanced concerning th$ 
ancient manners of the Irifh 1*3 curious, and worthy of notice; 
but we (ball only tranferibe his account of their cuftom of 
Fosterage, together wi;h his fummary view of their general 
character. • 

* Of all the cuftoms of the Irifh, that of Foster. *cr, as it is calleoV 
hath been a particular fubjc;l of (peculation. Their writers gencr 
rally agree, that children were mutually given, from different rami- 


Lctad'i Itjtir, if lr<k*J. 


l w, fr? t* miffed and bred up ia others ; nod tfcat iafciiori, i a lie ad 
i (of their ore, purchased il* honour of fo£» 

1 1 -. wr are icdd, a Ari&ci coa»* 

sace-ra aad confederacy ww beoreca di.frreat rsmilsc* and 

Tnert is no doab:, cut that children brad from 
laocy together, ift lh< faanc family, unctr cb« faro* parental 
Of, ia the fanac fpovti and Occupation*, with mind* ueu.'nted *>/ 
frior, and inattentive to worldly diiiinriions. confsdered each ixber 
«f»al bttihrta, I ad eoorrafled warm affections, Pfcii 

icy regarded tlvcir folicrer* with a fallal rtve- 
rrece; led v . through life, Alt: tided by the chihJrcfi 

of tacit Merer* '•iiH . .iij (lead/ aitacr..;i-: Duel can- 

* tibac Fo- ptrpoflcty deviled by po pro- 

oat? tt • a mutual r-*chanoe of children, or 

:es intended or coo- loch an exchange 

TWBrchoo laws feem to intimate, nV. was the occupation 

a/tkee nbo: ra capable of doing 

«atr service i otfcc pabtic. " No mar/ fty i!tr, *« fliall in any 
cs*t be entitled to r tic, who pays t rosx ( ai : and 

ir '-ftcinnjanritioca on all orders ol women, their cxpreflion is, from 
:'<isecn to tic roan 80 lax arc die frogmen:* of tbcfe 

U*rs£rox> favouiiog ibe notion thac the hoaoar of b*cc.!ii:; 
*tao«r purchaied, that th:y arc exaft in aicernining the wajr* 
•W tail be paid io feftetvn ir. proportion to the time that children 
CcajQcjpe hp< ■ rnfuu&Oaf they have received: 

o*r<*oihey on ial maflcrs may den 

axentbe appoiiiimciiii of a foilciur. And here 11109 difcover these* 
act of a complete IH11 . at Jeail for thole of the middle 

raaksoflila. Tb« youth so i, ■ .,.■• ; • j.^crage was no: employed 

lijj praflice of v«riou* k measure? of 

•aecy, *j *e -tic Sbmcuanct 1 ... t i baa edacaxioa +m 

*wre artful, afid . Durable. He was in Articled in the 

faaajec iiVaadry and (lllage ; in navigation, 

IWI dtlin:. 'hout 

'ifUititi£ rhc difciei ■ ia toe Icnowl.'gc of letters, or 

***«ajj as ilic lowcfl pa 
• la a word, it appa i^O* 

ted enmpofure. were in* 

*nl by ao anoans barbate it pcjieet civility whscb 

ratkuaWtic admirer I fir peculiar eh*- 

ratcd laVofe ua« p: ;<.l which lubliii amos£ 

a pc .- uf an 


tx^tira, : 1 with aa htbttoal 

fcnofjofticc; *• in proportion, lively a 

lad res, wa? only to be 

•caainatl by kree ; and to force they j>erf»e' teed. Tbclr 

W ad txs+ornal .ijenbliat do nat have ever ferved the 

ftryoic of d pcatceauae coooectioei bet r, ten the diavrrtnt in- 

k*W' . wHich, for inaay «gcs had Ml kilun for 

iaapTOwasent. Tbx inftoence cf ;hcir inorwrets »»a weak; their 
I, comrMl«d. and lefcAed. Tte pcMacBft, UsAoCft 
itrr. iept. i;;j. P V^« 

1 1 Lcland'i HiJIity of Pr eland. 

the inferior fcjrt* into which the ifland was parcelled, llttd in 1 kind 
of fedetai onion with each others which the pride, the iojuftke* 
the mmbinon, the avarice, the revenge of different chiefuinj ware 
ewer ready to interrupt. Their hiftories record the effefis of thoe 
dangerous patfioos ; the virtues of private life are not generally i* 
fubjed of hiftory. An impartial and unprejudiced enquirer may Bll 
di (cover many traces of the equity, the rectitude, the benevoletfjpe* 
and generosity of the ancient Irifh in their different fepts.* " ;'' 

Our Author's relation, in the laft part of his preiimroiry 
difcourfe, of the incurfions into Ireland, and the fettlerneiks 
' rnadc in it by different tribes of Danifh, Norwegian, and other 
Scandinavian adventurers, properly paves the way for the in- 
troduction of his general hiftory ; which begins with fhewifeg 
how favourable the condition of that ifland was to an invafioo 
in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, and with exhibiting the 
{late of the neighbouring kingdoms. He then proceeds to the 
fchemc of invading Ireland formed by Henry the Second. Tfct 
defign was conceived by that monarch foon after he had afcenaled 
the throne of England without difpute or competition, without 
jealoufies or difcontent, with all that brilliancy of character ria- 
tu rally arifing from his diftinguifhed abilities, and with an ex- 
tent of territory unknown to his predeceflbrs. We generally 
do fuch honour to the policy and circumfpcclion of great 
princes, as to fuppofc that fuch defigns are formed on mature 
deliberation, on an accurate enquiry into the condition.) japd 
circumstances of the country they are to invade, and a. tj|o* 
Tough knowlege of thofc defects in polity and manncri|iitkat 
internal weaknefs and diforder, which prepare the wmy'rof s 
foreign invader, and promife an eafy and effectual coni^ttft, 
But our fagacious Hiftorian juftly remarks, that a very : (£HRml 
and fupcrficial knowlege of this ifland was fufficient to-fTrerht 
ambition of a powerful and popular fovereign, at a time wUrn 
the difficulties of his reign were yet unexperienced, and wJja 
it was reproachful to any diftingui&ed character not to -beopf 
fcfled with fome fiheme of gallant enterprise. t ^ m 

A pretence alone was wanting to give a colour of jufttoett 
the defign : and with this Henry was fupplted, either bfth'v 
own fagacity, or the fuggeftions of an interested and fuhtilote 
clefiaftic. Application was made by him to Pope AcTrlahyfa 
a bull to enable him to undertake the conqueft of Ireland" xla 
he might ercd the kingdom of God in that country. *y& i f L ' 
fane hypocrify of this tranfaclion is very proper! y//etJc ia 
■Df. Leland, together with the political motives which u 
Adrian to comply with the King's requeft ; and the-.fa**H It 
js infortxd at large, as affording a {hocking inilairce of -- thfcfra 
fligacy and impiety of Papal usurpation. ■-■ -**t 

■ "TfcVSgi 

Tnov&h Henry had obtained a decraextf thoFonc l» h 

•l(»*i<fiiHpca<Jrd for a 


Uic l.'ilh ch'-tlui.-r — I 

- J*Ct 


by ii 

firmix— their arrival in frc* 
!:»l«nt o! ,y jit that country — -:i: 

. wir, (ill 

Author in a cl<ar anJ m 
he h^ ctw clM^ilri wSlh fo-uc :■ 

wiir.h ihew chat there wis m. tiling iCcmJcrt'jl or c 
ia the fucxcC, of theadveotu 
• Thu . 1 1 ■•. he, we flrx! :as f: 

'i to remflate the Iri-h chiefi 
J, peaceably fettled i-r Hi* pi • 

. afioftitot-g 
bfa^* a pmwft , appfan, 

wrimineJ, neiih«f wofid«rftfl nnr ektra^rtliniiry To Stthraa 
'-JbUaaatracr aapoiai * 

aotaiag ia Iic2ii)d <iu able to • 
;tii m :'uL.b a maaaar 21 bopa*. 
^ .- f valour 3 ' . ■ ■ 

■"d and Ifl : ' 
1 ind where the cumber* c c^miJ, die 

W2i blough: l> to a f-f<rc ■..•ill. The 

povn of r m .r r jtron rary did one contend with : "»nri fco**-. 
au£ coneri»e e* fa«*k of Ir-l-i -.•*. ** on- ool Kftrd iLws, :fe* 
ada* had but iu'a: titxi of 4 oitianal caufta or 1 

Tlatir lhbc> *c. toe the I; 

of ihtfir .'*» wjm; 

mm or dcfcn i 


(A ■. anJ when i"ni» was 
^^^^^^Ha*r r . all concNbwS 

jpH flMAaMa>at< nr Jlfporidtmf 

^^^HaWha^f^ Tta»<k»a i a>r :cji colony in l.eiefttr iraa 

«* sttodoat acuber inUfetat eoralarraic ww ptfh»|h a 

few of nasal 

ipeak with a car '. »»ik ibry dvcU 

g JWh*** pconae»>l Man and coaicih f*ba!Ur.£ in c^u\«i\eA 

ill Run i.cj '* prsfita Sum *f Muju in Gtrv4*y % &&, 

iIk iiUrvJi *&tl even upon the iangnthcaai ailura of tfeeir church, 
object* much .more important. Had ciirfc firft adventure** 
'■id nothing more (0 do but to march through 
t whole nation of timid u\ sgei by th« glitter of 
iu\ they muft have fpcedily experienced the cff. h romai 

madoelj. But their valour was happily di.cttcd by prudcr> 
mfpcAfcm, and hence cfcey gradually prevailed orer thrirm« 
<iei, no left brave, but unexperienced, improvident, and difui 

in miMuri.J 

Air. X. Conclusion. «/"/>. Barmry't Pttfini StMtt tfMmjk ia t7rr- 
nr«»r, tbt NttbtetonJi. a*4Ux;ttA ' Pr*vi%tti $ t$t. From oor Num- 
ber lor Jane fait, page 45?. 

•or preceding article wc left this intelligent and enter* 
[ tiining rnufiefll Traveller towards the Inner part of his M 
volume, and in a very mtcrcfting part of his performance, 
Vienna ; wjth .1 determination, in order tu picfcrvc fame cJej 
of proportion in our review of his work, to take leave 
that capital, anil to join company with him, a£ i 

: Z tU 

from thence, on his journey through Bohemia, with the at 
count of which hit fecond volume commences. To this ph 
we (hall fo far adhere 24 to confine ourfclvcs, though n< 
out r^rcat reluctance, to the ftivinj little more thin a 
and imperfect lift < f thr gorjl rompanv tve leave behind in 
Tbi« rci/.lutioni however, is the left mentoriour, ar wr arc 001 

hat we cannot attend the Author in any pre of hit 1 
without meeting v/ith inflruclion or entertainment. 

W lied fame nan* of the Author's anim^.. 

ftetch of the great poet Metaftafio : we have mcnri 
JJaflc, * the tnoft natural, elegant, and judicious ccmpofer * 
vocal muile, as well ai the mod voluminoui now ah.e 
the Chevalier Gluclc, * whofe invention/ in our Au;l 
nion, * h unequaMed by any other compofer who now li 

ever caifted, particularly In dramatic painting, and iheatl 
cil eftefls ;' and whom he clfewhere hoMlj and -I 1 
eharaaerizes, by calling him * tJ: ■ 
the two laft 1 

are related $ and the different genius of tncii 
jufliy d&rioaixuted by the Author, with 
prec'ifion *. 


* Hail* U regarded by ite Anther m ■ the Raphael of *fvi» ?v « 
poftrt.'— * If/ lie adds, - the aHcirrd trench exprtften «rjr< jffW 
f*ft* et» «**r mean any tkiri*, it mufl be when applied- to th m m+ 
4u6Wn» of fecfc a compiler *• Haife. irfio iuoxdl* hater pcranpi 
im taprefing with cfauncw and propriety, whatever ia &%&*l. 
•fagam, and tender, tea what n boa&ruti- tad «iolc»t 1. 

Burney'r f.rtftirt Sscte tf Mujk'i* Gtrmr*/, ty». afj 

Of the many oilier excellent muftcel profcflurs« Dibtta*::* 
end pcrfons of cneht, with wham the Author bi MS 

Swc Ou!l particularize . U/» 

mech o-def in the cnu 
«rr, the Cuuutcf* Tbu», a Udy of a rcfuicc taftc, jnJ of a 
mcA amiib'.e character : — the Abate Tarum, Secretary to the 
Pope's Nuncio, and M. I/Augicr, one of the principal l*hjb> 
cuoi co th* Imperial Court ; borti of whom greatly :iilifted the 
AiUhor ux his mulical releaichc:, putic Jiatly the hit, whu * has 
beard natmotmibay in all pjrts of the wurld with jihilolbphic 
wi:'- the Abate Coira, a Portu^uefc Abbi, whole raufxal 
opinions, auJ performance, arc ai ex<(j*»rd| ( ury, 
m his charade: i, lingular. The degree uf this fingulority ro>jr 
Wcftimatcd by the Reader fiom force ftrikiug traits of hi 
racier here given; or may more readily be inferred from the 
Author a observation, « that he is a kind c»f RoufTcHu, but Hjll 
amc origin*! :'— the oner churning FauflJna, v.hofecapiivatuM« 
fovt~ ice and pcrfon foenc of our more eldc'Ty Readers 

•nay p.jilibk- frill remember, L-ven with r=.piu;e ; now the vv 

i Halle, nod convened into I lively, and eom- 

memcaii- ol faventy-two, ami into * a liv 

•'uotc of nrufical hillory ;* — a metamorphofii not unacccpMbla 
tproftuble to our rnufical llillonan, whuni flic fumiftictl 
i ruany anecdotes of her cotemponry performer! : — M. Vari- 
compofcr, fever*] of whofc pi< LrcuTsily 

h'.s fympheniev, had afforded the Anchor fuch uncommon fit. 
cijat he hefctatcs riot to rink them l among the moll ei I 
and perfect competition?, for nrany inlbumcnt*, which 
t of CAuilc can boaitV The productions of this greet 
! fcem to have owed a confidcrablc part of their escel- 
.1 happy perturbation of his mental faculties — 1 > . 
t catalogue of oiuficiani ant! Dtfattnu we fhafl .. 
the of Haydn, Hofmftnn, Wa^cnfcil, Caiman, Sa- 
. Diuers, jiiJ ifubcr. 
Oi Hliare from Vienna the Au;hor eroded the Icifi 

iiia from South to North, in his \va> to Dreidc 
-'.quently been told that the Inhabitants of thl* ■ 
were the nvjft mufical people in Germany, or r all 

Europe; and at he could not fuppofc that elTrfU ct)ulJ e<jft 
without * eaufe, he was, as ufual, »ery afliJuou* todtfco.e.- it. 
JUB-Jtf-lcngih found out that, noi only in every brgetowrjj hot 
41 til iac villages of this kingdom, at well as in Moravia, 
Hungary, aid part of Auftria, wherever there Is a reeding end 
■ ii » ' 'i 

k'i genfoft feesos snore calculated for exciting tenor in 
' mustioni, occJtrVined by complicated aniYery, an: the ua< 
..bridled paffionw* 

P 3 w\ivt>^ 

214 Buroey'j pfefent State of Mufic in Germany^ &c+ . 

J'*' .. .-. *>',"■ .. .• , , - # • - » 

wrWiagf'fohooi^VibiWceri -oftath fcxes are taught mufic*.. Tn'fe^ 
vera! ; .paq«'oi'.tkW'fei$3iJQm he vifited theft felmH^Mm 
Czniltew in ■pattUoldr be * caught them in the facSk.'- J^founo^ ^ 
thefchool ^CoH^nUtle children of both fexes, f^ffo$j?*^ 
or elcveu years, old » who ware reading, writing, Pj^y'^ftiP-P-jri 
viotlns, hsuihoia, balloons, -and other inftruments. The soalurt^ 
of this ichool, who is likewise organ i(i of the church at '.this ' 
place, had, in a fmail room in his houfe, four clavichord?, with ; 
little boya practicing on them ail- He played to the Author •fm . 
extempore -fugue, upon a new and pleafing fubje&, in Co very' , 
itiafieriy a manner, that he thought him one of ibe beft per- ' 
fprrocri on tho organ whom he had heard throughout his jour- 
ney'; and laments that (uch fupcrior talents mould be employed ' 
Li ihc drudgery attending the occupation of a country fchool- 1 
inaiter* « 

Though the children of the peafants and trades-people in this ( 
kingdom are. thus early instructed in mufic, as an article of th&* 
common fchool learning, yet from the (late of vaflalage, au^ 
otber circumtlances of this country, they have no encourage*? , 
menr. to purfue it in riper -years, and feldom advance furthest* 
than to qualify themfelvcs for the ftreer, or for fervitude. Ne^ '" 
verthelefs, fays the Author, in thefe common country flhools," 
now and then a great genius appears. He gives Stamitz for 
an. in It a nee, who was afterwards fo eminent both as a coinpofer ," 
and .performer, and who was brought up in the common fchopl * 
at Teuchcnbrod, among children of common talents, who lived,' 
and-.d led unnoticed : * but he, like another Shakefpeare v broke !'" 
through all difficulties and difcouragements ; and as the eye of* 
one pervaded all nature, the other, without quitting nature,' 
pir&ed art further than any one had done before him: h'isge-..' 
pius was truly original, bold, and nervous; invention, jrjrei'' 
and contrail, in the quick movements; a tender, graceful, am) ', 
inftnuating melody, in the flow ; together with the ingenuity' ' 
and richnefs of the accompaniments,, characterize his producV* 
tions ; all replete with great effects, produced by an cnihuR&h 
t>f genius, refined, but not repreflcd by cultivation.' ,.' ' 

At Drefden, which the Author next vifited, he was wit'ocfs v 
to the ruinous ftate of mufic in that capital, and indeed. of the , 
capital irfclf, which, during the reign of Auguftus'*"wSS* 
regarded by the reft of Europe as the Athens of modern timdi^ 7 
and where all the arts, but particularly thofe of mufic, .bww* 
and painting, were loved and cherimed by that prince,,.; with' aTj 
zeaj and munificence, greater than can be found in the brjAlctt!! 
period of ancient hiftory.' But perhaps, he adds, < fbme'p^ftj 
oftke Jate and prefent diftreffes of this country (laye originate^ 
ia-trris. e»ceflive magnificence.' ■* ' '^ 

Barney'; pt{t*l State tf AL/U in Gtrm*f$ t &g. n $ 

!:rvdid mulical ctLbliftment at thi*i court — 
. J lccnc uf jcliun, Vihtiz GtKtrai Hijfy *ni fcuj 
J troops h>d rui-ic fo many gloriou-s campaign*, 
tad - laurel*,'— iras fuddcitly oii^crTcii by another 

. no jrn wthf.toiy as well a* military (Jtmral, who played ». 
: Sc inhabitants of thi* unfoetwnate city, and 
uftclua'lt fiienced eh* mufical troop by a furic»u% botnhjrJisieoc, 
115 of the lait war. Seven 01 : oalr of ifac 

•• rrmain on ths foot. By it* di'periiorv 
rv<$, l aimoft every great eicy of Europe, tod I^n- 
imong she it!*, acquired evqu^fnc and favotiraW 
ik.' On 1 1 all Stgnc* Haito'i L^a« ruuu- 

and oOic- xryi 

a a: to tell the Author at Vienna* tha; tie belkvod * 11 th« 
of PrufRa known that contingencm ivguJd nave 
cUi£< j have «n- 

>ri*<d h.m of it, mi»ht have f*vid h.a crfv jv' 

The rulm that b>vc followed thit, ami tH# 

■ rj> ;_;c> o' the PruflUftt, are thm well and bricay 
: he Author. ' Every one here,' uj\ in 

.: indigence } — moil or the nobilii ntfj ana :jj 

i| OTciUncd to be able to afford tc Ujiii, vt lu 1c. their 
tkiUrcu Uuru raufic— DrcWctt it at prcftnt ■* melancholy rcii- 
'■•cing tbc feat of the Mulct, jiiI habitation of 
1 now only a dwelling foi . , theft, ani 

... No fxicty among the native* can \k fuuiwrwd a 
urt is cjbligcd to abandon veniui unA 
. 1 :urn, abandoned by them I '—In (nort, * ex- 
the wretched comic open, then if no one ipcSaclc, but 
Tcca ii - 110 jrw»/k///*-, no public 

in the city or fubarbs, fur t/ic people, and not a hnae 
ol plcafure or bufincl , Can be drfcriod o« tha 
' itJi pa Sage down which river, not a fmglc 
by the King of Piufta't loftrtA aft Ma 

UtAvy duties, ai| govd* muft be 
1 Pru&an \<&U befo:e they arc fuffc.ed to proceeai 

C'jrvc ifeucM and raSfrric* attending (he travel - 

v have been already noticed. Oar mulical Ttat- 

a very fenfible aj-grjuiuua of then, k>» hn 

of the Pruflian government} pam- 

1 to the capital of Brandcnbur^h. Alter in an open irftggOfl, ftucfc fart in a bog ? . 

ht till £bt in the g, in utter darkncU, 

ithout any defence to violent cold, wind, and 

r approached the walls of Berlin at nine. He wa« m-t 

.-red tg cuiet that cap td, though Jic Wa* provided 

F 4 %\fe 


3 to Barney* /w/*t* £m* »/ A/ij/fr /* G<rto**r % #u 

wth a PruiKan pafTjHUt, till be h*J l**o detained three «|«ar- 
tcfJ Of an hour it the barrier. He war; Uten tsfcr 
cultody of a CCiUuael, who, DO hit poA-waygoo, with 

his TrtulVct on hit fhoiildrr, and ba'. onrt fixed, conduced trfm 
like a ptffoncr* ihtotigti the prin of the fcittr, to *c 

cuftomhoule. Here he was detained m tt r yard more than two 
hoar:, in hi* wet deaths, and fhivcrin* with co'.d, while ertty 
thing wis taken out of hi* trunk and writing-box, and 
arnincd with the grrateifc Ihic'.nds. Afterwards, on making on 
rxcurfii hence only to Putfdam, he underwent, before 

lie eould be admitted into, of let out of that cif, a lenesof per- 
gonal examinations, at minute and rigorocs as is ul'ittl ev< 

iilern of a town befir^cd. Hi* mire, crurairrr, to whom 
teeemmended, bound's (hy, and various other particular* were 
demanded, and hi* anfwers all regularly written down 

reexaminations, flrict «• they were, i however 

Inefficient to t rther scrutiny, to par take 

0* the plcafure that had been pto^j-cd for him, Ihtoweh tke 

feveral prritir* of dirtiocVwn, of Ueiri; .idmitteii into 

the r nwnta nt Sans Souci, and of being prckat daring 

ihr \:tit u ounce of ' . y's ufual evening conceit. It was 

necefi-ry t>at Iva fhoo'id be earned thiiher, or at leaft intro- 

dutcd into ihr royal fefiifenoe, by *n officer of the houfcboW, 

:d peffou; and even, in the company cf hi* well- 

vn guide, he underwent a fevcrc examination^ not Only at 

jjoto/ IC fcSte* at Pitfcljm, bu I door of the p- 

lacc. — But we willingly inffcfl lo a lets mortifying and n>r-lc 

bjec>, or to the Author's account of bis Prufian 

MafeftyS moftcal performance. 

The Author iva\ curled to one of the interior apaitnv 
the palace, contiguous to :h- concert-so**), atid in which the 
'I tf;c King's lunJ were u.ut ; ■ • i 1 h -rsd» 

■ >m lie could JiMii sngStf 

ftfgi on t!ic flute, or cxcrciJing hin.lclt in difficult passages, 

flnd. H<- (.err irrt with th 
lebratcd l-'/anci* Bcnda, his MajcHy'* concert mailer, whom he 
had before feen, and * found to be a plain* obliging, fenr.ble 
man, and p< I all the modefty of a truly great ^eeu'ua.' 

The great repoiadon which th i haj acquired has br»n 

founded on his * graceful and irtcciing competitions fur «h? 
violin,' Md on c bt! cxprcfljvc manner of playing oo that N 
ftrument.' He is indeed, (*•,% the Author, l lo vtty artcCti»jt 
player, anJ fo truly pathetic . . that fevctaJ aWc 

prnteflari have assured mr, he I dy drawn tears fr 

them in performing one/ 

Here likfcwife the Author wat inrroduc.-d to M Qtianfz, 
ic honour of inftruwt .-- hia J'xuffiaii Majetty on the 

Barney *s frtfmt Stab *f Jtetfic in Gtrautny 9 Jiff, 1 1 y 

in fiutc, at one time, it fcems, at (he cVidcnt hazard c! 
neck- It wa bv stealth, the Author i if for mi in, rhar tbii 
Prince rndsjlfctd ins lirottg pafion tor mullc, during the life of 
hi» rather; who rvo: <Hllj I ftodj and praflifc 

rhit art» hut even to heir mufic. The Prince however clan- 
ittLnrly drfobcyed thefc injunction!, and frequently took the 
tfpottuoity, furnifhrd by a hunting part cting hit mu- 

fscuns, and gratifying himfclf wi;h a conceit performed cither 
» foreft or cavern. Thii fecrec* was indifpenfibly neceflary; 
fef % aid? the Author, l if the King hla father had difcovcrcd 
taut he was difoheynfi, all rhefr fons of Apollo would hire in- 
curred the danger of being hanged/ 

While the Author was eenrerfing with M- Quant?., the gen- 
Otmcn of the band were Summoned into the next room. — 
* The concert began by a German flute concerto, in which 
ho Majesty executed" the folo puts with great preciaoo j hi* 
tmkmhwrt was clear and even, hi* finger brilliant* and his taflr 
a«re and fimple. I wa* much pleafcd, and even fur prized with 
the neawefs of his execution in the Alitor as* as welt aa by his 
tsmrvnaon and firettng in the 44 i ihort, his performance 

farpnlled, in many particular?, any rising I had ever heard among 
;, nr even profeflbr*. Hii Maj-lry played three long 
and concertos fuccefSvcly, and all with equal per* 


it ffisft be owned, that many of the pafijgcs in thole 
pieces of M. Quant/, are now become old and common ; but 
this dors not prove their deficiency in novelty when they were 
p ■!( : . j^ fomtofthem have been nude more than 40 
Quants hat not been permitted to pub- 
thcrr, as they were or finally ca-mpofed for his Majeily, 
havi en appropriated to his off, yet, in a fe- 

of years, other coinpofci* have hit upon the fame thoughts : 
with ii.ul-e ai w.ih delicate wine?, which not only become 
fiat ami insipid, when expofed to the air, but which are injured 
by time, lioactcr «wtf iift. 

■ M. <^oamz bore n» other part in (he performance of the 
concertos of dj-nijrfitt than to f.ivc the time with the motion 
of ha hand, at the beginning of rich movement, except now 1 
and then to cry cut brave f to his royal fcholar, at the end of 
rhe folo parts and eloiVs; •. -.-.% to he a privilege allowed 

torso Dther rmjftcian of the Sand. The cdcnccs which hit 
; rtade were gfio.l, hut very long and ftudied. It is cafy 
aatriiscovrr that thefc concertos were cortipofcd at a time when 
he did- nr* fa freejueruiy requite an oppofl breathing as 

at prefent ■ for in ,rotac of the divitlon$. which were very long 
art Jiftcull, as well as in the cfofca, he was obliged to :*ko 
fiss breath, contrary to rule, before the patTapc* wtic hrv\tts«A. 

21 $ BurneyV fnfem Stoti rf Mxjki* G*m$njt &*• 

* -After xhe fa three concertos were ptayed^ tbf concert o/-{k» 
night ended, and I returned to Potfdam * but not without, W*J -•. 
dcrgoing the tame interrogatories from all the cefitiucl^ **j(j 
had-;bcfore done in my way to Sans-Souci.* , , , noi1 

M. Quantz informed the Author, that the fir ft of thefe cqn-^ 
certot was made by him 20 years ago, and the other two bad, 2 
been compofed 40 years. He told him, that his Royal fchoia^, , 
played no other concertos than thofe which he had exprefslx 
compofed for his ufe, which amounted to 300. Thefe, wito^ 
nearly « many folos, upwards of 100 of which have been <xxan 
pofed by the King himleif, his Majefty performs in regular jtch,,. 
tation every evening. — * This exclufive attachment to the pro^ 
du&ions of his old mafter/ fays the Author, ' may appear fume--' 
what contracted ; however, it implies a con (tan cy of difpQ&uo% 
but -rarely to be found among princes. 1 — * The compofitions of, 
the two Grauns,' he immediately adds, ' and of Quantz, ,havc f 
been in favour with his Pruftian Majefty iron than forty yeai>i jr 
and if it be true, as many aflert, that mufic has declined an£ 
degenerated fince that time, in which the Scarlauis, Vincta,,^ 
Lcos, Pergolcfis, and Porporas flourifhed, as well as the grcatcjj^- 
fingcrs that modern times have known, it is an indication of ^j 
found judgment, and of great difcernment in his Majtfty,, ,!(»._,_, 
adhere thus firmly to the productions of a period which may bfc,; 
called the Auguftan age of mufic ; to ftem the torrent of caprjee 
and laQu'on with fuch unfhaken conftancy, is poffcnlng a, lcin>| .. 
of JliS fa!, by which Apollo and his fons arc prevented. jJRMxi 
running riot, or changing from good to bad, and from bad $p, lj; 
worfc/; \^j 

That this is not ail pure and unmixed panegyric on j^j- 
Pruwatv Majefty's tafte and difcernment, in making a jud^cioua^j 
and well-timed (rand againft mufical innovations, wc may eolfj,.,-, 
led not only from the tontliticnal form of the apparent compli^, 
men 1, but lilcewife from the general tenor of the Author's ntylflr.? 
fical opinions, as fcattcred in different parts both of his former «« 
and the prcfent publication, arid (Mil more particularly deljvpr,^;.., 
under the prefent article. In both thefe performances he bas £ p 
frequently, and, in our opinion, very julHy confidcred ijie rau^*, ,' 
cal art as having received, in our own times, very confidcxa^U£ : , 
improvements, both in the articles of compofuion : anfl ger^;, 
formance. He fpcalcs very plainly, and particularly, to the^re^ 
lent point, in the following detached parages ; which however* 
we (hould not omit to obferve, are preceded by fome others, in Q , 
which praife is very liberally, but with due discrimination* b f ■ 
flowed on the late chiefs of the Berlin fchool •. ■ "• " a 

— — '. i ' . , . 1 . 1 , 11 ^ 

••'The ehapel-mafter Graun died in 17^9; his brother not k>ng:.' 
ago ; and Mr. Qyantz not much above a month ago, as the puwoni 
papers feavc informed us. " . , v »rf 

* Though 

Burncy'r frtftnt 9tan tf Mufie in Grmmrr, <*r» tic) 

4 Though the v/o-Jd.' fayt the Aithor, « is ever rolling on, 

:-. moficiana •, defeating tt& motions, hare long 

I. — I did no* fine chat the ftyle of cocopo- 

tt»on, or manner of exccutioi cb hit PruiHan Majelly 

-ehed hinvclf, fulfilled *. of perfection. Here, 

.1 cifeufx/c, I fpeak according to my own feeling*: howcT«* 

i wnuM be prefumptiai; in mc to oppofe my Angle judgment 

to that of fo enlightened a Prinze ; rt, luckily, mute were not 

■ of tlvc grea;cit part of fcuropc . for, (huuld it be 

lilowcd, that hii Prolan Majetty has raxed upon the AuzuiUn 

if. of :. appear that he has placed his favour 

open the beft compoicrt or" that aj*e.' — He a'rerwardi obi'crvei, 

. Leo, FcOi Handel, and many other* who 

' tbc beft tiroes of hii Majefty's mutual favourites— 

• name* a;e Rf!-ri;n n Berlin, *ikJ more fworn by than 

ihofe of Lot] hi,' — arc in hi* opinion fupctior to 

J genius. 

* T . jwever, f^liifm* in this city as clfcwhcrc •, but 

htrttKi ire obliged to keep their opijitont CO themtei've*, while 

bwfc of th-: clLbLfoeneiu may fpeak o»i : fur though a univca> 

here, a* to different (eit% of chriftiarw, 

mvfic, whoever daics to profefc any other tenet* than 

tiofe t .! -7, is fure to be pcrffcuted." 

if hod dtlpotilm which maeics and directs all the 
i-nti and concerns ol this country, tit 
extended fo ixr r.t to check even the unruly motioot of a liddle- 
iliclt, or the pine of a tajfrnio t at tlte opera. If a performer 
\: from the ftric^ letter of the Icore, by 
(0 a altering, or dim in i I <£c in the part 

lefcre him, though poffibly to its impro.-nvene, an order il 
him, Dt frr U Rti % to adhere thicily :othc notes writ- 
ten by thccnrnpofcf at hii peril — Qjr xd ifl narrt fldfir. When 
c:<rpchtiosu arc good, and a finger or performer is licentious, 
fay* r\ B) be «u excellent method ; hut * ccr« 

tits ill taiic and refinement. So that cnufic u truly 
ry in thu country, his Majcfty allowing no more liberty 
ii trat thin he does in civil manors of government ; not con- 
ble moiuidi of the live*, fortunes, and bull* 
aefr ©/ hts Vubjeds, he even prefenbes rules to their mofi in- 

aceenc plcalut ^^HN 1 "' ' 

Variety feem* lb neceflary an ingredient ro give a poignancy 
lo all pteafurcs, tbat one cannot help being aliomlhcd at the 

the Author meant not to include l ±r\ P. 
£»a**«l Bach, Or Francis Bcnda \ who, « he elfewhcrc obferves, 
l-»e perhaps been the onlv two, of nil the mulicum that have beea 
in cbe frrvtxe of PrcftU for more than jo years, who have dared to 
; t ;c a ftf*e of tWr own. 

constancy with which hi* P/uffian Majefty reject cvetl t> 
exquisite novelties, replete with tatte an4 invention, ai 
jo^ion eotKcnte4fy> and <*a«lv lepeactng the monotonous pro- 
docliotn of hi> old r.iaflci*. Perhaps the hint contained in the 
following paragraph, and which is thrown out by the Attrhot 
on another octaiioi»» nay, io fooic mcafurc, clear up thb dif- 

Though the K. of PmiTia, on hit aeceffion to the throne, lS>d 
in his fervice (oxnd muficUm of the firft abilities, j*et it it o%- 
fcrved that he honoured the Rjlc of hi* favourites abovtmen- 
ffontd more with hit approbation, than that of any oihrrof 
ht* ferranta who poflctlcd greater originality and reMrr 

* but hi» Majesty/ fi)-s the Author, ' havrrrg early attached* 
imtelf to an internment which, from its cosinned powers, ha 

rc/» good mu6c compofed far it tbxn any o*ncr in con- 
ation ufe, was unwilling, perhaps, to encourage a boldnefs irt 
iety in cornpofition, which his infixument would not allow 
ion to participate/ 

Afic* all, as the Author obferves, matters of fentimenr, and 
mere ottje&s of tallc and fcelina", cannot eafily be reduced* to 
amy standard of perfection. The tafte which hrs Majcfy 
adopted very early, and Hill invariably adheres to, ii, ai we hare 
aire*Jy remarked, that of about lortf ye.ira a^o. G: 
that mh r\*y have been an excellent pexiod for tompofitiwi, 

• 1 cannot intircly fubferibe/ fays the Author, * to the opi 
F ihofc who think mullet am have discovered no » 
rorth adopting fine* that time.' After partrculaHm^-fbmecf 
sctV, which arc peculiar to the modern muftc, and which every 
tan potletTed oftafte and reeling iruft confider as real impreve- 

ot the zrt, he reminds us, that the prtftice of decryirnj 
mufical innovations is or* very amtirnr landing ; that even m 
the bcit part of the cera abovementioned, the e!dcr mufl^H 
and perfo:is in year*, * Clied out againft the innovattn 
levity of the younger. And no period can be named fince 
lime of Plato, who l.Vcwrfc complained 
oiultc, in which rt has not been laid to be corrupted by f 

• Mankind/ the Author afterwards tery tenfiWr ofr serve d 
will certainly judfee of their own pleafures -, and it h natural 
to fvppofr, that when a new (tile of competition ot p er fo rm;' 

C prevails among the refined part «. I 
ethrrtg more capti' itii in it than tIv»t whirh they quitted. 
However, capiice, vanity, ard fondneis ior firsgularrtj' en c*t 
iidci a:\iobhinacr. pride, and prejudice un the other, wrffl^ 
ways make it difficult to reconcile different leds, or to 
iiue between truth and falfchood/ 


Burnc/i prrfi*s Stay *f M*Jk in Gwm**j % <*f. %%% 

\Vc take our lea**©* Berlin with *» much reluctance a> we 
acd Vienna liuc if would ucc up too much roam 
*.c ( ctea hi the cnaft curfory manner, the variety of 
cunou* oaucr contained in th»s atiicte. We (nail only par- 
uifc the, entertaining and well written fketchej ui the lives 
•i M. (Juant*, ami of tliat original genius, the lung's prcl'cvic 
concert mailer. Franco Bcrvia. From Berlin the Author pro- 
ceeded to Hamburgh, on leading which place he i topped forne 
liou a; HreoKn. lie then entered (he Low Countries, and'io 
late* the ob(emtioj» made by him at ArnAerdam, Hieeierr, 
particularly deferring the celebrated or^aa of thai place. Ley- 
cen, the Hague, and Kottrrda.ii, at which city he ended hit 
tour. Wc Lh .11 terminate our extracts from lh*» wc :k by *i$^ 
iaf. a few particular* of the acci u I vifit to Haaifurek, 

v here he had the p lea fur e or" hearing ami centering war; the 
aierwatcc Carl. Pbtlafi Emanuel Bach ; to whom he watt intua- 
daced by M. Etc) tt£, toe ingenious translator ot ms ieattm 
Mir into the German language. The Autho»'» account of ih* 

Eiud original cooapoicr is delivered re* emar/ f but at the 
lion i a manner, a« kavea no room to doubr the 

' the eulngiunu The following de.-;chcii estra&j, ereo 
ta ihcu mutilated Hate, do equal honour to the character and 
uleotc of this great ouficun, anil to cbr knowlt^e, tatte > aj*d 
« Hamburgh,' fa)* the Author, * i> noc, at prefcar, pofHrfird 
«f ajiy my'ieal profo/Scr of fcfeat •nainenee, except Mr. C\ P. 
Emanuel Bath ; but he ia a k^iya 3 1 bad king tuntcmplmNi, 
.-lighc.'i delight, hit elegant and original compoJitioni ; 
Lacy bad created in me (o itcong a delirc to fee, axid co near 
uun, that I warned po otto muficaJ testation c«» vita thij citjfej* 
—XL Bach received the Author with groat kindncf»» but irao* 
y (aid, that be wai adorned to think how fmall hit re- 
ua>r4 would be, foe the trouble he had nkeu to vifit Hamburgh. 
u You *fe? conic Ueie, uid lie* fifty years too late." — He tiicd 
anew pi*** f* r t<* and in a wild, carclchs manner, threw away 
(•ought* and execution upon it, that would have let up any 
ooelile. — He uAd meat my departure, that there would before 
pwor r.iut.co4 hu neiUi.m J in St. Cjtticnoe'a church the next 
ich hr 3UmI«\I me not to bear. Mi; pkufantry removed 
m tt wnlwut i ;hat refpeel and vcncraiion for 

:h hit worlt!. I>*d nifpircJ roe at a diflance.* 
ii account of a fobUX)u«n( *iiit t l be played to me,' iayi 
tic A biWfMHi CUvidioru, uiitc tiUita* 

axnr four of his choicuft and mod; didpeuit corope- 

JUvurv, v iluracyt picciiion, and Ipirit, £or which facie 

. celebrated Air-on- hit countrirneo.' In the pafiame 
mi flow movcmcjU3, whenever he road a long dmc to t*v**£*» 
6 ** 

ill Bcmtfs prtfott Skttr tf Mwfc !* Gtmatft &K 

he abfolutcly contiivcd tt> produce, torn Ms rnftrumertt; 
of farrow and compUint, fuch t» «»n only b« ctTcclcd up 
cJavid»rJ> and rxrhapr by himlVif.— 

* After dinner— I prevailed opon him to fit Aomn ac 
a clavichord, and he ith li-.tlc irUertBlflton til 
eleven o'clock at nighr. During this tiro*, lie grew 1 
mated and ptffcffid-% true he not on!v played, but looked Irkc ol 
anfnired. Mis eye* werr ftxeO, hn under lip fell, diltillec from his countenance. He fjid, 
were to be fct to work fiequcntW, in this, manner, be 
grow young again.' 

Speaking of bi» compofrtiona the Wjitci .icknowWdg< 
* the ftyle of this Author i» fo uncommon, ttwt a liitle pi 
ncccflary for the enjoyment of it. QirintiHlfl nude a rclH 
die work* of Cicero ike criterion ttt a v-iuri* orator's *xh 
ment in his ftudics j and thofe of C l J . B. Estck a may 
u towchitonc to the tiftc ami difecrnment of a ycurig mi 
Complaima have been made auainlt his pieces for 
dijpiuky famaftUy and far-fdthtd. In the firfl paitkular, 
left defenfible than in the ret* \ yet the fjult will ad. 
extenuation ; for Wr&, ia a niu 

expected in Germany, that an author it thought barren 
ideas, who leaves eff til! every ihfng bii been faid whieh 
fubjea Aiggefh. 

* &y>, and /j^rv, r r, are rtUrrrt vhtt ii called a 
word by a perfon of no education, may he very familiar 
fcholar. Our Author s v,oilu are niorccUffieuIt t 
to fxmu. A* to their being ftmtaftkoi *i 
cufation, if it be jurr, may be lottencvl, by alleging, 
boldcft flrolccs, buth of melody and mod trial;;? i, art i 
confonant to rule, and fupported by' Itarrtiri*; and tbac k 
lightt arc not the wtMSwmf* - »cc or madiv 
theefYufionj of cultivated gerrfus. Hfa piece*, therefore, w 
be found, upon a ciofc cxainirmion, W Ke fo rich in In 
tafte, and learning, ibar, with all rhr fault* laM tot>ir ircl 
each line of them, if wire drawn, would furnish more 
ideas than can be rjlfeovcrvd In a whole - > 
compofrtiona that have been well receded by the public. 1 

The Author, in another place, points «» MtOhg 1 

•f refemblance in thochariv ill preatmufician, 

the younger Scarlatti. ' Doth,' he obfervr viUH&i 

and popular compofert, regtrded as ftandards of 
all tbeir cotrmporatic*, exec . ier»; who 1 

to explore new ways to fame. l>om 
tury ago, hazarded notes of taitc and cftrtt, at wWch crt*i 
■ttmcians have but jut srriseO, aid to winch rrx jmbi ■■ 
bat hteiy reconciled \ Emanuel BflCt>j in WW manrVery*** 

^urney'i fntftm S:au 9/ M<*f* in Gtrnonf* lf<. 11$ 

to bare<»udl»ipt his age' — la hn latt ft* concerto!, lite'? p»ao- 
> iUv , he hi* it 1 ri»rd to be c^fy v freemen: . ,:thor th.nlet, 

at the cxpcncc or his u&ul originality ;■ * however, the erc<e 
<:i«n appears in every movement, and thet« pcodtic'tfons W tl 
ftobably be liic better received, for resembling the mufic of 
ibis, world ommc than nil formei piece?, which icem nude for 
another region, or at icatTanothcr century, when what n now 
ihow-ht difficult ftnd far-fcecbed will, perhapt, be familiat And 

I o the othcT particulars here Riven, relating to this exalted 
genius, the Autnor rm idded » dialogue of I ial com- 

petitions, for the fatiifaciion ot thole who may wsGi to procure 
them here, where thry .ire in general but little known. They 
vtrc produced during his rtTidcocc at Berlin, where he co*u- 
iwei, irty ycara in the fcrvicc of his Pruttun MajcJly, 

and where a Hyle o( nunc prevailed totally different from his 
own. Af:er ictxatcd folici le obtained his difmiifiun in 

67, on being invited to fuccccd Telcmann as mufic dirceloc 
at Hamburgh, where he has continued ever fincc. From the 
present low ftarr of mufic in this city, thii man, who * vai DAT- 
taioiy born to write (or grcit performers, and for a rcrincd au- 
dierwe,' is hrre evidently out of his element ; but, on the other 
y» indcpcndance and content, which, we imagine, 
are doc eafily to \<r hud in the dominions of Bramlenourgh. In 
a converfation with the Author, he told him, * (hat if he was 
in a place where his compotitions could be well executed, and 
wttl heard, he (houM ccitamly kilj husfelf by exertion* to 
plcafe. M Bjc adieu, Mafic ! now. he faid. rbefc /.re -cod 
people for foeiety, and I enjoy more tranquility and iudepen- 
dwee here, than at a court i after I was tifty I gave the thins 
. and fail!, let ut cat and drinlc, for to-morrow we die ! xnd 
I am now reconciled to my fituation , except, indeed, wlun I 
meet with men of taftc and difcemment, who defer vc better 
^nwean gire them here | then, 1 t>Iu(h fur mylelr, 
my good frkndl the iLunburghcrs." 
The fpecimens which we ha\c given of ihis wore render any 
aUetvaiiou) on (be very confpicuoui and various men (a of ic 
■boHy uunccellary. We foall only obferve that, at the tame 
t the jr t^uifslivc mufical Reader will here nice: with 
Nil 4ti*i agrerahlr information, i: is conveyed >t\ fo 
ukakng and familiar a manner, as to be micrafting, andintclii- 
g>Mc # eves to thole who do not orofefo or cultivate mufic. 

Tot • t\- Jrc prefixed the Aot 1 , yofals fox 

p*'«tit)£ °r fw^fcriptiou the Gmaal Hi/isrj of thai an, lor the 

4at*on ol which he undertook hi* Lie p«i marches 

a(:er new sad c ir.ous aauc jcc» July, and Gcimauy. 

r"r»fn this, psper it spprajj taat the wocli \% m %^x\ Iwwti* 

C twtW v 

nefs ; but we find liitrwi fe chat Che further 
lioMiofi, of if, will depesd on the fcvou/abfct racxfttoa of the* 
proao/ai*. On tb» occalVxi we can only txprew oar bcttfjp 
that the Author may race! wjUi that encouragenene tara 
lire public, to which* on f© many account, ho appear* to* hffi 
a veryjuft claim. 

Aar. XI. JU*/fr*ti*» *f Ktntrsi h, fiery; wherein arc extibiccd «*- 
ward* of aao Kignre* of wcotic Infect*, according to theii 
reotGeoe.M. roj fc.v of which fca»c bithcito been figured fey ui 
Author. Engraved and coloured from Nature, with '.*z g.catcj 
Acr si 
pU:«. V.'iih a ;»aniculu Defcriplionof rich Infect: interl 

Remarks and Rclleccion on the Nnture and Krop«f lies C 
maay of them. By R. Drury. Vol. II. *to. it. 11*. d 
Bu-ru'j. Wi4t:e. » 

IN our 43d vol. p. 116 — 120, we gave an account of 
t- lit pare of thefe elegant illullrations of o;ic uf the 
pleafin^ brvncliev of fta.iur.-l hiftory*. Io that ankle wc 
explained Mr. Drury's plan, and gave our impartial 
nicndation of the manner in which hi* wuilt, fo far as 
at that time earned, was executed. Thia very in^tflfl 
then complained, in Ms preface, of the little. 
H; countrymen to natural faiftory. We, in our Review 
S:>ok, ex pre fled our hope that he would fee Caufc li> 
rhis opinion, and that the cjicouragcrrcnt he might 
would prove one fortunate circumtttncc towra;-- 
of his error. The event has been anfwenible both tol^^l 
wiibes 1 and he now gratefully declares io his preface 
fetf publication, that he has * ifec grated ret fori to be 
that head j* that the world ■ has gencroufl^ encouraged I 
attempt; 1 that the fecund volume ' owes its appearance 
caufc i' that the quick falc * of a grei: number of 
the fir ft publio.ii ii, was a proof of the great piu 
hiflory ha* made;* and gav* him * the utm 
tinuation might be equally ac '.ted on tl 

plan, and rendered at agreeable, by the c-xcriion of the 

The Author h« fubjoinrd a remark or two, which 
to be tranicribej into a literary journal, becaufc th< 
t-hara&eriuu-, in fome refpofts, of the 
Great Britain. 

* It i> a plcaJIug rcSc&ioii,' faya Mr D 
the great ftrides natural hiflory ii making in thil ^^M 
well aa in other parts of the world . md ;he • . . 
on iht varioui luhiec"h of nature, that have m 
ancc vri;hjn thefc lift three or four uaxa, j a 

every man of * I J tbe-ajreatelt faiiifacl* 

*©e per fix* Allied in natural history, i mo Mag i 

jfdfi from men of rank and property, bcc 

;<> dm refpvdrre abilities. Sonic are encouraged tu purfll 
foieiRii pom, and tmcthgatc toe (ccrcts of rva- 
_ ifcc trees aod pints; others ate employed in dif- 
mmrm ► countries, and fearching the ihores of coafts h:fh*rto 
~ah»o»p, for fubjecb thct will cuhcr aft'osd profit -or (pecula- 
te plenurr ; white the artite at home is not neglected, but 
mews the rewind his merit entitles him < ..' 

>icrvw, however, thit ■ Natural Hifbary hi* )efs 

vm&m to c#*f/ the favour and protection of mankind than many 
otfcer branch** of knowlcge; *1 the purfttit of it, either at a 
fa'crsee or i-T.ufcrrKnt, it lo replete with pleafurc, thai it U 
ksrdly pofible :o icfufc it our approbjtioa ar.J encouragement* 
— ind we arc often flirnuUted to porfue it, from the ipptu- 
irvce of that inexh tainracnt it is fare to 

atford. \r it thereforv left; to b* wondered ;it, that publi cat ions 
co tbefc fubjects are more n urncrouj than formerly ; w the <!c~ 
foe of communicating knmvle^e ami happinefs it irrefutable, 
taf men, fur their own fakes* will he induce-. 1 to follow the 

af un.-tllayed pleufure Ires within 
'— Thie i> HfJ true i at the firne time that it re- 
Tr. D'« own acknowlcgemcnu of (he favour of the pub- 
of reaJbning, thofe- of every o:h,-r writer) 
uerptjtnrnt. — Hue every thing ibftt M l\t*JfeNU ij thh. 
[peel to mi particular, ;t is here farther 

the many publications tha'. pcarcd on that 

• 4 fe two jwort, are proofs hove well work* of 
. And yet our ingenious-Artirt hnda rej- 
nt of curj ! attention to (hi* branch 

jr«I knovrlcgc an on '<* o( people ifl rc- 

Hl that we are Jcpi . . 

fes and observations on the natural lnftory of : 
h arc fo beautifully dt: 
aad fo accurately ekfcribeJ, in tins volume, and with which we 
wfrt To well fatisficd in tic fir/l. * J mentioned, fayi he, my 

nton tj the - ii r in m; formrr aridreft, in which 1 1 

WioJ by repeated proofs; and nottvithihnimg 
mble I luve been a'., nut i:i ;.m »- 
the fu'jtcisof the prefent volume, but in ende:v.>u*in^ 
UpraJ hitVuy offcmc of Uic moft CAtraorJin-i 
c pot been able to obtain one fmgle |>h;cc of 
i be IjJ before toe public. 

no purpofe, continues Mr. D. to make 
into the i«jfoni of thi> want of curiollty aoiorva; 
In drrtwit c/teiare*. more than 1 V»xvc a.\if*Aj 

". ////. Q_ W4VX* 

tit MoMTiitr Cataiocv*, P*tM. 

done. 1 find ic 11 To i end whether it proceeds from aa rU- 
judffd pride* in chinking fiich minute aniinaS below l%tk 
noticr, ut whether ft arife* Iroru that languor of mind,' [which 
wt think the moil probable] ' ai well js uf body, than gcooaJlr 
pr*Yihi in warm rtrenjatW, it a matter of no cocfequence to 
oiankin I i '!*e world is nut benefited by il> 
mult be content to remain in our prefent ignorance, til! Pro- 
v.dcnce Hull think proper to give us a feconif S -cammer dam or 
Rc-in i. . *ud place bin* at a tliiUut part uf the globe for 

the advantage of the human nee.' 

Jt is Ln;;:ci.lTjry to prolong the prefent article, fmlier thin 
to in^rni our Reader., in nearly the word* o* the Author, thit 
the fame plan, of giving jujk and accurate figures, which vx 
followed 111 IN fitfl v.'i laired in CnJf| tint thee*- 

moil care &nd riccty has been ohferved, both in tic outliatt 
and engraving : that nothing '» ftramed, or carried beyond uV 
bound* which Nature ha> fa i an J whoever will comrare 
the engraving* with the originals, will, the Author flatters ka*> 
fclf. allow, that nothing >» borrowed Irom fancy i or art? coloaf 
i to an intrir, which doci not icJij cxiil b the fubjctl 
intended 10 be reprefented. 

The Author concludes his addicfc with acknowledging tn» 
obligations to thole friends to whom he is indebted for a git* 
nmbci of figure* (hat form a confi^rrabtc part of this wxfc. 
miny of which, he allures u*» arc fo very rare, at not to be 
met wilh in any cabinet but thai 9/ Dr. Fscbtrfifi. 


For S E 1' J 


E M B L R, 1773. 


Art. 12. lift A&itmh Sfitrtfmart ; 4f, a IS'inttr ': D*t : A I\x». 
By the Rev. Gerald FitagcraJd, Frilow of Trim:/ College, DeV 
tin. ^(o. 11. JoH niton. Reprinted from Uir Dublin EijbO*- 


THE Author, La kli dedication, turpc-tr*, fc» fubjoft to be w*. 
but in this he i D, It has been treated bv many laf- 

l.;K jiocu, by Cay la particular; *nd a b*r<!. « "v». 'for aojhi** 
know, n>. . • living, h.u written an rrk>j>*+ (imf.rjfdly c» 

partridge (hooting. Neverrhrlr!*, r* ('■» *vida a /VaV there hraw) 
toScient ' iters to <'<apat»aie free ," .fxl Urn poeacal 

fportfman promifcj at no indiffrrcit <ntei»«intnccit ( +kul* is ^ 
piAuief^uc mincer he feu out in a eoonusg 1 

a UJt Wwan i'T< icra the ncw-fico' R , 4 i iaor« aBafevT 
And IprriJ it> panioiu to the polat Ikies, 

(Apoiadcd air with gelid Iragt&atat ijb. . 
fl*ace the ;liv4 arrte*. nod anunatc the raun i 

Monthly Catalogue, Pnikat. n? 

dwifc fiera tic college* 'aaoVfiom cite* I 
droo* earo fcl'ch fumetking nr«<) 

4lc« :'ar t»iiir.t'» fean, 
ptuej ol three tluXiU*;! v#*r»; 

i* kutu i-ic$ flrcoj *nh £u)£vinc hoi** 1 (lUc , 

■ ,, 
■ call, 

i he a all ; 
I ihops* their commerce laid, 
Is i like rnar-iicrs of the dead— 

Site, where the foot i eric* <€ fwtt?, n 

Or drowfjr watchman flaUci in broken lUftp, 

:m «.<e bot-brao/d youth a* KudiHghe fame, 
Whole mirth i* uuic-hicf, ai»d whale fcloiy lautnc— 

l»4:tcr'd beau, 

lOttViBfl iepacoirie* reeling to and (,o— 
rreels of rbej night 

■ the loofc .'OtenelybolJ. 

bo ft, divided empcrc hold.'— 
.Uioui urccih ! the j rcy of painon't tii!r, 
inr, and the mock of pride. 
• Bu; t r, n.v {nn&i with iiaii iar dirf 'rent borne, 
Bock the fair tdd:, *ud coon the bluflimg mum . 
;><:*»♦ bitiih the frozen f«ov/ t 
■Jours Om low. 

it ilKirr, prcJori 

Lrj.v rev vwTj •/ health /> «*#.• 
Tkrf following noble and well etprelTcd fctitimcnti fit rerv ; 
-My on thi» rcrerccu n, hgwere. uncommon they may b? 

tHMfr^oc fr-i he field: 

* W< i* a ! wh # : delights m> aflive mind renew, 
• my view, 
of fpnngled white, 
1 ■Mih purple tif;bt| 

bop., from Ipray to foray, 
i h fdf-l IqnSd flay; 

The morning breric in milder air retire;. 
And riftng Mpt«ir* all my hnfom lirei, 

eajj waited to the throne on fc I f ^ 

To hiiu who JoriZiM ike cjuih .tie Cty, 

Who* give* ok health ;.nj > jgour to ea}cy, 
Guitac* nc r'en now, and guarded v. hen a boy*-* 
Accept, g?e*t^»:>o ! the fervour of my peay'r, 
Afid ai before, continue rtiU thy cue, 

l:.M i »itw 1'bcc :n creation'* dl 
fie wine to praiac! bee, a> 'ti» toice to blcfs.* 
TWttanca om tfcc ocath or the »oodcoeat will remind tiie R 
of Pope's benvtitu! liot* on tlie Jail of a phrjfanc; but the Iiifh 
woodcock boa a pathetic ■ ince in bi« favour? wMcb. the %J0^- 

lift pheafaat kad a*T, in tfiar a* had fled to the plict vram Ve wet. 

<4.J U» 


44$ Monthly Catalogue, PonUah 

his fate for ah afylum from the rigours of his proper couitjy. 1 
reflections arifmg on that circumflajKC will call other thoughts tl 
thofc of cnticifrn to tic mind of every honcfl Hibernian i 

• Ali! what avails him now the varniuVd die*. 
The tortaife-colour'd back* the brilliant eye, 
The pointed bill, tLat fteer'd his vent'rous way 
From: Northern climes, and dar'd the boift'rous fca ; 
To milder Oiorc: in vain thefc pinions fped, 

-Their beauty Mailed, and their vigour fled. 

• Thus the poor pcafant, ftruggling with diflrefi. 
Whom rig'reus laws, and rigid hunger prefs, 

Jn weilcrn regions fecks a milder flate; 
Braves the broad ocean, and rciigns to fate ; 
Scarce well arriv'd, and lab'ring to procure 
Life's free fubfiflence, and retreats fecure, 
Sudden 1 , he fees the roving Ikdiak nigh, 
Fate in his hand, and ruin in his eye— 
Scar 1 d at the light, he rum, he bounds, he Hie?, 
Till arrow- piercM, he falls— he faints — he dies, 
Unhappy man ! who no extreme could fliun, 
By tyrants banifh'd, and by chance undone; 
In vain ! fair virtue fan'd the free- born flame, 
Now fall'n alike to fortune and to fame. 

4 Botwhy, mymufe! when livelier themw I fougfctj 
Why change the rural kenc. to fobcr thought ? 
Why roufc the patriot ardour in my brcall, 
Ufclefs its glow, when Friidom droops deprtft ? 
Not mine to combat luVrys lordly ftride, 
My humble lot forbids th' afpiring pride, 
Forbid* to Hop depopulation's hand 
That crufhes industry, and frights the land, 
Thsrrob* the poor of half their little ftore. 
And infurrcftion fpreads from fliore to more* x 

• Thefc to prevent, be (till the fbtefmanYcnd. 
And this the talk of sovereigns to attend.' 

Mr, Fitzgerald appears to poffefs indifpnrable talent! both for 
flection and defcriptioa; the latter of which he exhibits, very *r 
ably, in another place, when in want of refrelhmcnt he (ccks " 
cottage of the hind" 

■ That yonder fmokes, by ruflet hawthorn hedg'd, 

The fmiling matron joys to lee her guefls, 

Sweeps the bioad hearth, atd hears our free reou*fl«L 

Repels her little brood that throng too oigu» 

Tiic homely board prepares, the napkin dry. 

The new-made butter, and the rawer rare. 

The new-laid egg, that's drefs'd with niceft 

The milky ilore, for cream collected firii, 

Crowns the dean nogya, aud sAUyi our thirft; 

Mr peter K 
itnorphafcd into 


While eraefciJng r*gf>04s ■ *. : 
fibrw the neai Cupboard, Jirt tt 'H rn 


Tfcc niQti«it iii-ii i 

Wlia unpctfeirM i fife- I 'i i . 

CaU'd fltc attendl, alfi*i Ut'iUl artli 

The Moon of nature I tm-faee, 

Thi( fronts the die, tvfcfch pill. J ffidc cat Und, 

And all the uci i. hicSk luxury attend.' 

Art. i j. O.Zf m . in- 


thrown ou: on occftfion of a fchertx 
iwuidod to convert :kc b l" the Cfcfc<el it 

JiO» loco kin ben Gj 

Gar, tfee : 
liflONtl : 

J^oech 1 J tremble to relate 

c ills ia luturc day, 
A cauliflower ni«.ll be th/ fcc, 
rctci Ritut Gfl 

i« in tliii fair, thu fragrant (pot 
Sffcilt ad'roet pfantt igrvey, 
TiviWbe deWd to the pot, 
Sir PctcM Riieri j?ay. 

la vaja joor cabbagM bead you'll rcXr B 

Fite r\jtkin« h the price you'll bear. 
Sir Pcicr Gay. 

I*ay ftiroa eoccludei with the fame burthen, ir. which th< i 
>£fa>ait, wc imagine, depend upon Ui« teveraftd baronet'* being 

Ait. 14. Tb€ Sakcb\ tt % Afcttic Piundtrtrs, A fiuiricsJ Pqftm. 
la a l)\ : Io£U* between a fr'ararfo and tiie Avtho*. To wbich 
arc uonctcd, a f«w io^iti** Facets or' Poetry. 4(0. *s.*d. 

ufcaer^y ih;,n of elegance in . which is 

unoeroi P-ape's dialogue*. It i 
sod c oft entirety <>( >«rr«4U&Mr. 'I'lic Writer** main ob- 

:Se cruelty end r.tpaciir* of out countrymen in tho 
Kali Fn4k*. 11 nnot be too touch applauded, aJthoeg* 

•r i>.f 1 the LuoizicndjtuiD of uiv pect 

aewe*. it atavc mediocrity: and the 

J> * Vi*tism** f on iet' *U *j!etf i« /$# tri/ar, ^'*>tf A/' 

• < -• .*. hctic, and excellent. Wo have tlvs 

it they are, a' he f«v>, ' \ nttici, the Authv* rrf* 
being oaam • • loueh a f;ieml in that unhappy fitua- 

tioa tare \ t 1 for that little piece.* 

(^j Art. 

ijp ■ Monthly Catalogue; .?«#«/; 

. : Cambridge. '4 to. 14.8)0; JJVijfi'. > 4771% 

' Equally prurient »n4 impotent ; the produ^ra.W ffttf'VRa^. 
npfl'cd«3 univerfny toaVaroni. " r ' ™'^ -WMp«B 

Ait. 16; fhiFintt Lover; a Pcem/ ito. 'T*V Aifcif-' ■ '^3o 

« But buja. my filly mufe {*?» ,f ■ y '% ' dj itil * t* 

By all means, hulh ! 
jkltlfi ft* Pantheon ; a Poem. 410, 2 b, £ <j T /Williams. 

. . WJ- 'ftltfFI/l 

. The Author, prefumjng to. wield the laih of fatire, aim? .hit /o- 

rioua ftroke*at a number of diftinguifhed perfons, whom he fuppoics 

to be aflembled at the • Pantheon's fecne fublimc ;* but be,li.», the 

goodnefs to difcrirninate the characters which pafs in review before 

mm 4 and to favour fome of them with his panegyric." His veilu 

are worfe than indifferent:— but we cannot defcend to cutidle an 

Aajtbo^Who has not yet attained even the humble honours of the 

fpelling-boolc. " ; " " "{* f 

Art. 18. Tk'Poeii aPoem. *ro. 2s. 6d. Flexney: ".mjjj 

. There arc good lines, and fpiritec! palThgcs, in, this poem; biitjitj 

merit is greatly obfeured by the malignant perfonal abuf? Wfl| 

which it abounds. It is (if we miitake not) the work of a 'ti&rd 

whom we remember to have heard complain that he 

" — Had long been buried i n a mean fifh-HWi s**/ - ' . 

And who feems to be one of , the lalt remains of that Caimuc-tri&e of 

authors who are to be regarded a* the brood of ChurcbJilVfoaVAJ 

and the heirs of his Billingfgate fortunes. ,. v " V: 

Art. 19. TIm City Patricians i a Poem, 4t6, . as.^d; AHctt 

1773- ,- M ~ -.5/ 

Celebrates the Lord-Mayor and Court of Aldermen, in riup&£j( 
not unworthy a defcendant of the great Settle, the famous city poet 
of the lalt age. The Settle of. other times, indeed, Ihone only in 
panegyric ; but the prefent Settle is a very Jnyebal at fatire *, and 
lathes the Q\ty-Patrieia*s, as he calls 'cm, without mercy; A rem- 
nant, however* are faved from his fury ; and Sawbridgt, Kirk ami, 
and one or two others, are M honourable men." — Bull, Our bard 
fecms to be at a lofs what to do with ; fls wc arc, to protouflfc 
wnether he moll praifes or abufes him. Let our Headers doirkk»c, 
if they can ; and take the lines for a fpeciincn : 1' 1 -.. a^\i\ ' 

Roufe Bull, for fhame ! nor indolently fit, * . J(r// 
The dupe of artifice, or wicked witj ?oV s 

Thou want'ft no aid, to UlitJIrate thy face, •- -*j «rroii 
All know thon'rt honeft, who but know chy natritrxlil not 
The mnn t therefore, we fuppofc is honeft in virtae oiv&itiarinH 
fo true is the observation of Father Shandy, •*• that there -ivhifiaafigft 
kind of magic bias which good or bad names •i n e fiflibly i mpwft 1 
our characters and conduct.'* What pity that thecc.-aro n<* njore 
Bulls in the city, and fewer Bears I .?» < ii!> or nil 

• — ■ ' "' ' '■ ' vtp Msfcff 

• We mould have fuppofed him to have been ibe-Aftth#^ ano. 

of The Senators, and oiThe Pm/rrcim (fee Rev. vols, jflrj.-a^ci^li^ 

?Iad not he, himfelf, in a note, p. 3, commended thofe performances, 

as ' two /ptrittd 9&& excellent pocras.' 


fat. 1Q. Ciij PctTiaifmrffrkjid . a iV-rn 


a , -Aapthcr ion 0/ Ssith, bu 1 !eraj 

ti a CCUiticr ; *ftij ^ h lets htJflOui.i 

: U'ji 111, gets fi .!;!!« -; : rOUt>, k. 

anti thu, n<x: anrnic^. he 

' nUaiblata* on cccrt >Viw\, 

And aei^hiyou; menti a* he weight h:> fir;i. 
cafe fdf interclt prtmfhi 

111 die icales. 

.:■■..;';.. Xtt pfffi: 

aeai*l Ch. he cbaraftcr ; for, whatever w« aaighc 

. v-e have not the leail apprfifcen£on cl. 
Id cbci: m la the weight of* pound of fl 
Air. 21. hoffinffs; *<: it a* Form. 4E0. is. ilur« 

rty. 1711. 

The Au&or of this poem feem* to be an lioncfi inofienflve mans 
aod therefore we wtih, with aII oai hem-, that he . him ft It* 

wkat u e feave noc (bond hun, mailer of his fur 

Sunj Triumfhznt ; cr, tht Ktntifi Mitt' DtfM, A 
Ballad; beiog » Parod/ en Chirr Chat*. 4to. 1 t. 


A l«e f-uaoas cricke; raitch, Surry a^alnil Kent # , for - - - :. r; 

tie bail 0/ thit parody 1 tiu ingenious Aathor of which has bad in 

view i'ocnnhin£ more ' than rn 1 rridR 

U**sifml crig i'a* .', ami indulging which bat 

..i(u lor iu foundatiou ; it bclog tail inttrtdoD to convey, at 
:be fame time, a moral precept of no fmall importance tf» *U odM* 
try Neighbour*, fait tnorxi u fully expreffed in (hv coocludii 

God fare the King, and l*!efa the land 

;u pler.iy and i . "eafc ; 
And 2fant heneefoirii chat *& ^tf«'J 
It. . .;■; ; •■ - */ ni/ ceafe ! 

N o v 1 t i, 
Art. *j. ?'*.: R*h ; os tot /Mwtitargt if Ti/w ti . H \- 

aJfafriag ftrilnng Piflurei or J.ifc. in qll in vane;; 1 

tvrfperird with r,r I 

well kao-.vft in the podiic WoiJd. Written by kl.mj»ij\ \imri~ 

xVoU. (fl. WUliaiM, 

Sotac pans of Utbhitaorr of 4 flroltia^ l*i-*>cr arc £1 OH 
tad Hbrrttn**, of tititi (ft:, Co read. Bui, although ihr cner< nr" 
■odrfy tvoaM be frequently erixibnM by the uochaite «lc 

illy oecur, poffvetil.iriy an iKe b> : v.nuaae, it m-jit b* a- ■ 

♦ Wc bare thui foeCt :h. .: ..!. rrrdy fort iafjuf- 
i*<e to the KAraa/; bu:. in infhee Co our bcu *e ieu.4 oVftO'f^ 

thai t c j'tiTfi profe wav, <«/'^wi- 

• The b't'rr m#n heide-4 br i.or^ 'lanicervillt, fcc (bq kco:i(H- 

»c»i>ttbcD»riwofDorkt* 6.1 i I. race Maan. &c. 

1%t MoKTHlY CAT ALOOtttV J Plhifl i u 

hrfg*#thsVtoWa*?i ibe au^flon*ttc*ry gtowtooral, fc+er,* 
ew»pl»Ut.,; :: ,.tr. v l'-:'!. /. ficirjJarfiufl . -\A vd aAi>M 

The Author of l)i]»-*toticy perftwance (c«^% «</G*c,4a*J 

P«a£fifli W'to*cAa|N«c^li*bder toe laJW ^boiioi » f«c W^fc»«- 
fully abufcs the Reviewers : ti> ill do fome peopi* bc*r to *oit flf 
their faults !— Yet he atfecla, at the fstme tine, ** hoM hit cenfatp. 
in the moll fore reign contempt : in which particular circamftaoce 
there ieeros room, to qheftion bii integrity J— for trjtt toattiip wooU 
net have deigwd to act in the wretches. ** '• •*? -^A 

Ait. 24. %hjmd tfftetx trf Dictptfa. ismo. YY4fc y*, 10 6d. 

ftwed. Jone*. 177$. '' ' ' " fcT l? ' > 

■'' '^Ir^o^gh there wiiothin'g Terr extraordi wry in the C o M WW Hl of 

Aft tJovVV'fctt not ^entertaining or nninteteJriB*;'ibd'1^*iniili| 

Inference, as 1 implied hi the title-page, is import art f, artdciln tfWtfc 

Be' -too ftrob£!y lmpreffed on the minds of young readers. * r " : JJ 

"' v Dramatic. 

An* sc. The Ptmtheonites, A Dramatic Entefaittri)etfc : \"» 

'''''fferfonfled 1 « the 'Theatre Royal in the Haymarket. 8W». "TU 

- - ' A toleraWe farlefqfae on the aifecled gen tility a'n£ rJnalTtyAJiii of 
people who, by the fad den acqnifitton pf riches, are raifed fronj 'mdt 

'to, a faperior rank in life. The Author himfelf fpeaks of h inns> 

' deft terms. 'He tells us, that it was haftily produced, to feii**'! 

■performer of Angular merit* ;' but written under 4 J glc**i*n 
Jhlhd exceedingly difadvantageous to comic Idea) :' alluding to ft 
fttal and irreparable event in his family. — Allowing for tWn u) 
verable circamflances, benevolence will pronounce this'lltne"! 
to poflefs confiderable merit. It will divert, either on 'thfe'**^ 
in the clofbt : and the Writer, we fuppofc, aimed it nothing ' 
Art. 26. fbi Trip to Port/mouth ; a Sketch of one 'A&ffittk 
Songs. Svo. is % Waller, &e. 1773. 
Our prefect race of comic writers feldom fail to catch the public 
twtnti as well as the peculiar manners of the times ; in *hich purfiut 
they meet with plenty of game, and they generally bring it io 2 
good market ; a jubilee in Vv'arwickfhire, or a royal vific to a diiUnt 
fea-port, warm'd up again, is fure to prove a welcome fcaft to (ha 
I^ohdonera. ■ 

The late Naval Review, was an occurrence too notable to be over- 
looked by our theatrical purveyor. Accordingly, the 1* attorn 
George Alexander Stevens f has cooked it into a very tolerable. 
jnefi, feafoned with humour and fun, and juiced to the palates of 
ihofe who are frequenters of Foote's Ordinary in the Haymarket. 

The drollery of this piece confjfls in the oddity of the characters 
uTembled at Portfnvooth to>?« tfijbrw ; and (001c of tlic fecu'ej aie 
joftly fatiricaJ, and truly diverting. : [ . ., ... - ... ., . 

— ' ' ■ — ' 7 — .. : ..« .. - — \ .'•' m Ar . 

, *• Mr. Welkin. — Mr. Foot? having, however, unupeoedTv (i 
this excellent actor in. a way which rendered a new piece oi 
1 fary, tbt Paqtbfwm, we are told, was perftrmed ftfcjf 

■ Mf. Jewell. mt \ '' '^ _ 

" ' f "Famous for his Lc&ures on Heads* 

$ An. 

XfoffTMLr C*TAi.ncn«v * tyM «* * - 


An. a?. 2m ai^-ora? : or, Uic Gipry. A Rariotu. Sc; 

Mofic by Mr. Ituifaeifanoe. As performed at Mary W-R*i tiar- 

tti.Au^ftji.f^:, 4,*»w il. Beefcct. 

Wajcro *»«;e u flOliun^ to praax, in ike* ainoe dtaaut, three can 
be tktte co fry : for, 

- ! Wfco brak* a toftcr-fty o f -wi th« wHrel "' 

M i ? c r t i <v v . 

Alt. 28, Tl, /? f£f ^ I : XfttaV 

> which t l Caxic2tuw r 

c IcslWc and inclination to attend to the cirouBa- 
ilc /' 1 the detail of ;hciu cu«- 


illfMMil ■ 

*nu his companion! at tho 

>//■ 7;uj Fiddly AV. Qccilioncd by his 
to Mr. Garnet, for iLe Supprrftiun of rh« 


. rr 

icnti the Rev. ^.ji t. 
f /.//^/- Xfl KiV MiTS rtuaix?* AOT. QCClUOi 

Reijueil to Mf. Garrick, fjr tbcSupprcJJiun 
Bcggai's 1 i> which is aided, a PotMtript to D. G a ruck, 

-j^T By William. AujuIIuj Mil.;, vo. 11. licll. 1 \r^. 
The reum <\/#*/Yrwj. M-. Milts, who u a w.inn -tJiuircr of (fee 

John, who, he fays, • is 

■.,' in the midll of 'continued and uninterrupted 

i-bigacy and debauchery,* could ■ ere or icri- 

plication to have Mr. Ga I i*icd ojjera b«- 

< count of ' the dangc:uin elicit it i\ fap- 

c on the morals of the people:' and he i* ttastOA 1* 

ha terms I r, that 

vac iM* piece it acted, U " feooa one additional thief 10 ca« 

If you arc rrally,* 6yJ Mr. M. * tmbutoui of corrertlftff the 
aie*.4s of the peocJe, sad willing in prtfrrvc a number of your td- 

jtture* Iror* aa tg^ominioiu Uca'.fc, fiipprefe thofe brothels 
vnut hcigkboarhood ii crouded andd:fp Ac. — 

in he COSlilKMB to inveigh itgainft the \ Mt- 

: of Row 'ing him* hi* clerks, am! the fnho.. 

oSicrr. ith £reut icteric v. Ir a word, he confidi 

. application, ' not as highly rHiculou*, but aa 
fit ' a fcaaWalt it rcflcelion on the toc4 fenfc of the nation, 
rue in i|uei!icn pal be:n l"> long and f«» 
id mi the virtue of Mr. Cay, whofr purity ot 
Eo in uncommon jr/mHnrh e>f heart, ought to bare 
.im from the imputation ol endearounn^ to corrnp; toe 
hii fellow citixea*.'— ll i» oecdJefs to point oat the iut«- 

littlc to fiy in defence of the Beggar't Opera 
a 1 neraf »*orit. TAe cjueftion it, ttn*-«bfedry, cf a mce and d:f- 


||t MoMTHL¥.CaWALOCUB> Rtiiglmif&iS. 

■MnAfeav wtbiafeiit Ivxhtflkfv to be reeuadedi ^h* i#u*iaT» 
ptsnHtteaj* ao-tto uAqr^Aod his abofc«f *m*nhrm*> 
able ^jwricn *B Dr. .Hewing,-' **o » fiu<i tt»lttW»a|iMl*JajJj| 
Jjnrmonvegatajiy'it, «V**cjwaaat»nce wfcW>*4MW <i—rf %<^ 
difadvaatago onJy of the Dean's reputation. v»jiS: •'"'£ miO edef. 

Art. 30. Ejfajtfrim the BaHbekry'm Profe and Verfe;' By th* 

Authors of the Epiftle : to Gorge* Edmon<J Howard, Kfq; tamo. 

« Vols. 6s. Bedtet. 1773. 
" Theft eflhya are reprinted .from a periodical paplr latftly • pub* 
Hmed hi Dtiblin. Moft of them relate to political matter? ; although 
a livery vein of humour and pleafantry runs through the whole. 
Seme' of the papers, however, are of a mifcellancous nature ; no: a 
ftWoftJWm are in verfe f and it is faid that fomc of the beft whi m 
Ireland have clubbed to fornifhthis entertainment for the public. 
Among other pieces, the admirable " FplJtU to Gorgts Erfmomi Htna- 
a?*, £fp With Nfiftt by Gtergt FamUner, £/j; and AUtrman f ," is 
k ere- printed ; and we have perufed it again and again with unremit- 
ting pleafdre. Thb drollery of this epilUe, and efpeciaMy of rfce 
aWe*,' (fo merrily attributed to the honeft Alderman) is, indeed, ini- 
mitable; and Swift, were he now living, would envy Mr. Howard 
the reparation which he has acquired by it, *as well its byirirother 
ingenious eflays inferred in this very entertaining colfe&ibn* 

Prefixed to" Volume I; is an engraving, containing 4*6 excellent 
caricatures ; one of which feems to be intended for the author of /V 
£pffiit,'Ut. whom we have never feen ; and the other hi in<terd thcV 
worthy Alderman, his own felf, painted to the life, and excelling, it' 
personal refemblance, even the celebrated Peter r*aragraph oftin 
Haymarket. •' ?-Jls'l!« iWw 

,..,.. , Rexigio ua. and CoNTaqv.tit s rA^tV v ' " ™jj 

Art, jt. Hopt in Diffairi a Project for effectually fafjjfcrag 

ft the Petitioners for Relief in the. Matter of Subfcription* ^$gP- 

Situating the Peace of the Church, . By way, of Letter 'to tae'.^rd 
iihop of Lpndon. 4to, is. 6d- Pavia.. .1773^ " . " jj 
, ' Con fi ll» of ferious ieveftive againtt the petitioner!, . and the & "fff 
ten; and of a ludicrous propofaTfor giving perfect (adsfafti " 
the malcontents, and precluding ihf.poQbility of every 
controverfy for ever— — • .', ,. # i 

• jFifrt, ,Let alf ecclefiaflical benefices arid. employ nients, of '\ 
kind, nature, or denomination foever, throughout England, and Xya, 
be isnmediately pet up to public autlion, and convey t^iftjee>"* 
to the purchasers, their heirs and aflignj for evpr. . '. ' * % i{ 
I .* Secondly, Let the monies arinng by fuel* fale be ffaffl jti 
hands of the treafurer of the fociety at the Ftatbyj %ayfrm\ ijo 
him divided and paid, (hare and (hare alike, tp eye cy. member ' 
affociation there, for his, her, and their own private, uftarj^ 
without impeachment of wafle. . f ," *\'.j t v# $£&tn 

* Wnether the original periodical paper U Hill cooiin.u>£ '$,£$£ 
tifij-Or no.t, we are not informed. . ' 

f See Review for Auguft 177a. --- -.1 ..-« « • 

' ■■*TflrdJ7i 

Monthly Catalogue, Rn'iih-xs* Wr; 


' Ihinijv, Uc all acd <r<iy of t\< crtWow clrrxy be 'mwnff 
Mefer tipped off Ami si-cf^c-ited. 41 the capestc of tbc gcvcrni»e»i # 
peefwit to the direction* of the M» « »t*aa-Acr; to fo*»e of ^i« 
W-rrjij'i pUs-Utiooa in A«r/* -*Wr>* 'Jamau*, jf*#g**, rVo. &e. 
*.' »e theo ir.i there employed, ni Uboatefi led lUm, duriftg thft 
«ft . Vwcu And, 

fourthly. Let ciic feveril lumen, cirpenten, cuieri, jouiers, 

ingenlout Mr*. Sa/mom, of Pirn 

be to fabricate, prepxrc, and bring in a mv let 

teoftfing or wood. ]r;d, iron, and ftone, or any oik** 

■wU [ ilct*- jl-iJ blood oaly excepted) in all rcfpr<l> fait ably hi* 

;c:icl) tried ji.iI cxiiniucd, by the fovicly aforcfaid, 

;hiog their faith ; and ta be by them diitributed into the fev«ral 

UUe- and benefices, fo void by the promotion of the lite ioctiw- 

aaanncr above fpccillcd.' 
rbu project our Auihoi t-tll. hi* ' untverfr! Jrtauort, or graad re- 
llinau-c li J pcice to the chuich of England / ind he imply ind-ilvr* 
* difpufiiiun through the rrtni.nder of his performance, by 
i the advantage, ol Ms fthtttf ; tbc principal of which 

i.t CLtxcr or thi wty tir^nnHHiHT will hoc, 
>»vi* VJi« DA* or 11 r-r. ClBAriO*. 1*0 iflt 

ptlSll. t-lifOlll riDA OF ALL THI3.CS. tVIt tXPUCT 

IITMIt to t at ©a DfcJMK ! 

31. &t0# Rtmetht tn Mr. Hdi's Farrago <*VnWr dijlithd** 
By John We£c> . •. Kritli. 177$. 

ey, ere IV*, Hill keeps the 6eld. i-rd carries on the **# 

ali the liiU, nr»d prudence, andcam.on, that may be expected 
a vet much cxpericn: 

\tm S/rmsnt 5/7 fivrral Odefisni, By Thomaa 

.. '-.. hie Vicar of i.eft'Vrmr in OxforUhht, ant! Chap- 
nourable the t «»1 o? LiteafiaW. Sto. 6*. 

,'icd by fubfi 
1 nrattlcil , ind by no mean* drflitutc of the mirka 

nift 10 Cod : the Author tikes in onex- 

>uld fuppofc ao uonceeffary circuit. the 

defcants on the different opinion* oY tie 

rfi and 1 future Rate, and farther lead* 

mat's creation. In; fall, an.i Sis r?<tr "nation; 

^th, however, he brinjjB th«fe tcpi.; to a point, iti order to 

niidencein (vod, and 
■ i h dt! i:d humility, a> to 

te and our tv'pe it ill ttnies. 

on the duty of prayer, (I^fcerelH. t.) thr 
Stepped out of hhway, in order to cenfire 
Tions of our onfcappy 
:ly. x\\c partial 

Ufiem W*Jkh*jit t Review for March lafl, p. 740. 


%lk Corresponds nc-i. 

(Xmmi Of Lord Clarendon ; and then expreffes bis hope , that them 

Ub«r<rK «0C., .: Bat whjtew c>rttaya£« .&•*. qf. thaw, (fefft* 
(J* fift*iB9wmAy.«<a, &<.)- might Jill ju»v,of.,»AAWwi#^a(» 
i r, other jefpoii* thena might,'!* of fraud aod.hyppc#yap?ftBfc fiffM 
numerous body of people, it will nevcxtiielefs r>e actooweauafef , 

■ r«j«Giceti perfens- who, are-, capable of judging on, the fuqjec^. 
thepe were unoug'theiu alio a number of as wife and, a/ w( 
mca as ever Great Britain produced. Far. be it f\om us to ji _ 
the -people of England in aU the lengths to which m»Rers w^>£^£. 
mM daring that critical and .hazardous period ; but a* ipu&i9H59f 
arc canxfale of dittinguiihing truth fro,m error,, wc mufl: (onf ' 
wri«or as ignorant, oc bigotted, or both, who will join. in, i 
gu.jihtP$ tfficftiqnj on thok who appeared at tha.time inn 
pf public liberty; many of whom, at leali, cotw it branding 
jijAafcar and failings, deferve to have their. name* u.aofmutoi'ip 
future Vumi with every mark of refpett and honour. , Cooypos. 
if*slqtH oy auditors, from the account here given, would be. APfeJp 
conclude, that all who were engaged in the greet rfWptfj gj." 
Clarendon affefti to call it, were men of a prorligate aa4, 4. 
rate fpifit and eondu& ; but peribns of fuperioc knowiegc aji^3 
flernment will laugh at-Aich ill-grounded cenfures r which gencr; 
Tevert on (ho writer or preacher, who fa ral'uly and. ignt 
dupenfes them. 

. With the fe exceptions, and perhaps one or two- more of left c^nt- 
«3eration, we think chefe fermons are truly ierious ana* afcfaL T& 
^bjeO* are, principally, the myftery of godline&i the, bicflbJBfA .of 
thole who die in the Lord ; the Comforter ; the ill c£e£U qf vice ,u^ 
impiety to a nation; the. duties of poor and rich; the grwt dgfigp 
-of the g?fpcl difpcn&tion ; the free offers of divine, tae/cy ancCjjf- 
vation i the death of Chrift for fin ; the terms of ialv^upn j ftu^e- 
neft of injuries; chriftian joy ; the excellence and importance' D(ttP. 
Ariptures ; which laft difcourfe is particularly addrelusd to ifOnng 
perkiiis. — As to the llylc -and com^ofmon of thefc aVfcourfcs, ibey 
.aiiord little room for either praife or cenfure. .. *:, 

■ ' * - ■ • ' J "."" '■ up 


IX is with no little fatisfa&ion that we acknowledge the re'ceirjjj'pf 
the candid and polite letter figned Nir/olcitnjsu relating tQ^cnm- 
poCtioas for tithes. U all parties in the diicuflion. of 1'uch iritcren- 
tng topics were to argue with the moderation and temper Vf dp 
Gorrefpondent, the acrimony of common- place reflexions. ijuLgf- 
fooaiities would be excluded, and the altercation being' co^'fyof a,jo 
the real merits of the points in debate, mud foon . tcrnii^ar^ jg]jl[n 
ihofe were exhauiled. itykwi nstbo. 

The length of this letter is. th,c only obftaclc to our introJucinc it 
inure ; but at this would be. inconvenient, the caajldir&ih^ of * Tew 
.cuftrcuSU* containing the heads of the argument, mu,! fi;£l;jc. 
...- 'fhis letter is partly occasioned by sn hint thrown out in our *ce- 
view for June lait, p. 508, where .it was faid, that ■' a fi^cd affeflnae^t 

Corresponds n c 


y nruch \n <He po»nd over i i p*.-»docct the pretest 

igv rslor of the iccJnibear'i . 'at pariii. wcuM keep 

- uf thr U. , 

■ ■ * J ten; km in L*e talus of money. " I In i 

[r«l *i-- -nt to an examination of the dafe 

- . cooeceniog woich he oocJarot, tax fee it 

c.ii :*.** no pecaaary comprr.r.iion Ofcr-tiaj; a» an clUohtkcd 

or, caa fa a /kir tfvwali*,'/* K 

■rei*poc<l/nf tri*t " clerical tit\ei 9M1 fufe 

©» ~ clled penfon to l*he 

ofcd to fefpeft that landholders hive not the good of 

"init)' lo rns<h m vie*/, as tc<> pteceid . and the Utter as 

the ctfrgy are UBlvHfillg BO BCCtfe to ICI nropo- 

m chit may interfere wi:h their particular Jn:erd!»." J; i» r.oc, 

non 1 farmer who 11 qualified to argue on the ftibjock, nor 

clergyman who as ri. I temper to vwv it in a 

a ad generoMi light. We agree a!fo».tii tlus Gentleman* that 

.rut of hf.A from [he fciesaJ Uimi in a aaaraih would prove 

ineonvraien . even il it could be afcerttined ton&. 

;ctioo i ar jporifcd to lrtc to a. linage 

istic -, Ai the clergyman, lor the fame reafon, eosJd not occupy it 

]f." iiai if>t jiotbccon-.. ;jinJariDerr* 

raulV, if he ku hence reduced to lr:( it to the respe/ttrc Oc* 

m wheaor thr pircdt *er< taken, they would 

heir power to make their c>/n terma.** But t,kk regard 

the fooie hint of* lithe rate already quoted, our fcuWDCuu, a*. 

~rft-r. appear to difcr. 

rodent fay*, " I aai faff bis thu modes will nUay* 
Iho rest of tbe Ufcd, &ur *tt ivM?** **&# tftinfrt- 
tf iht te*J- t from which alone d e real value of the tithe af jfc»/* 
aittxaei (-lite lie lyti*.} rather Ic.'a tctiietovJI* nncfl he advance* 
t.'li olden are noc ©bli;»rd 10 pay the clergy more th:*n (Mr 
; and if the latter - :o atferira a competition fee 

would not tnfaef their purpofe, or be their iaiercftl, 
4*>*ic*i.a*d more than, «^y* Mi*i «/, the <wht* «ie wd.-tUiolL&iaa- 
iers ; loi this reafotu be f arc *orih le{* to ibe clergy taan 

ley are to the tannery in :hc pivpunior. of four to five. It u tbe 
tterefl, therefore, cA the termer to h\ \\jch a COftipolieion as u,i I 
cake it of the Utter 10 hire the tithe*; othervAc 

ky will foooci call them tlv-o lofc by a coinpotiuou." Tbuawt 
.ieot rcalvn *hj the clcrgynuo M\g 
.:! not up to the full i^l. 
which the Writer pieidi form the preceding pailajre. 
thf cireaunataice of having a lv%c claim oa the luduftrr .. 
- w o|;iicrinv ;tct ot iU p<:»on» who cii>j> tlut ciata, 

t ia thr c:cr:i«n of the power nl UTertinR i:. 
A* we agree in thinking t.n. ti:he ousht not, ilthtf in ju.jtce Or 
to he exacted to taeotmoi, it Hill now be lcen that w^eanAoe 
the flarc'aTd oi cou;ty ay whieh the raor'ai lacj .i 
e fettled. Thii Gr:i:!cm'ta aftC" irturtkiut;* frvca bH omti AMOak^e, 
bat the crimpofitien in lien bUIc bean very hsrd aorw ^.^e 


clergy* amounting in many livings to no more than /A* imaiikM 
'fm iftbi not volm ofihe tUbt ( wr ftrfipofe the Writer to main ialt 
twearteih rnftcad of the tithe) he adds-—" Now if the aecetfarienaf 
life greatly advance in price ; and if the clergy cannot m*ke sntirary 
pafs for more than landholders can ; not reafonable they &o4ff] 
partake with them in feme meafure, if not proportionaMy; of the 
improved value of the produce of land ?" Here, then, owr Co u e lp sa } - 
dent joint llTue with os, he having admitted before that the 'nmdas 
recommended by us '* will always keep pace with the rent of the 
land :" and this is not only partaking with landholder-ay tint 
Sanding upon as good ground as they do; and it cannot, wetbtai, 
be decently urged that a clerical incumbent ought to ftand on ititiki 
Jf an incumbent enjoyed a pound rate over all the farms in Ha 

Sim, producing a grofs Aim equal to his prefent annual iecosne 
m tithes, the rent of farms could not be raifed by new agree- 
ments, without improving the clergyman's revenue : and if ratals 
are, as he fays, letc often on long leafes, a whole parifh is not leaftd 
out at once, therefore renewals, with their attendant augme ntatio n !, 
will be frequently coming round to gladden the hearts of both larjd 
and tithe-owners. The iubjecr. is indeed a meer matter of property, 
where, fince we find the clergy in pofleflion of a claim, trouble^bute 
to themfelves as well as burdenfome to their flock, both may nam- 
rally wilh to be relieved by an eafy compofition : yet it is almoft'sa- 
poffible to avoid adverting a little to the true paftoral characeerjiif 
we find the clergy driving a rigid bargain; and appearing eager*) 
follow clofe at the heels of the aftual labourer on the foil, to 'ihatfh 
at an immediate participation in every improvement Ms indaitryiaay 
ilrike out in any corner of his ground ! 'always keeping the imstex f 
and grafping faftcr than, the worldly-minded landlord £ In~flttsrt, 
when a clergyman will, as we once cxprefled it before, roflsYbn 
tithing mint and cummin, let him openly fay at oner,—** what the 
law gives me I am determined to exact to the ottermoft farthing ;•**- 
but let him not labour to cover the inflexibility of his demandawam 
a flimfy gauze of reafoning, through which discerning eyes Wtrl al- 
ways perceive tvutttufntft lurking beneath. o -i 

'* There is,'* fays our Corrcfpondent, *• I know, a differeacc-of 
farmers, and were all of the fame gmemus aad candid turn of rrJiivd 
with a few of them, there would be no difputes about tithes." ■• Wc 
fear this is rather haftily affirmed, on the lhcngih of a circumftaaoe 
which, neverthelefs, is, by inference, greatly to the honour of the 
Writer ; who defcribes his own parilhioners to be as well fatisfiedes 
farmers can be. Farmers do not differ from each other in temper 
as being farmers, but as being men ; and notwithftanding the cleri- 
cal profeffion requires the fame virtues from all who aflame it, farery 
bo one will deny that there is an amazing difference ro be- frond 
even among them : the mmn fometimes availing himfelf largely dfcfce 
privileges enjoyed by, and the refpe& paid to, his official chusni&r. 
The peace or diftracuon of a parifh depend much, very much,- <ob' 
die difpofition of their foiritual pallor; and a flock better taught %y 
precept than by example, will naturally prove rtfra&ory, if at va- 
riance with their teacher. i 




How little oar rereirnd ami wonby Cumfpowicut \* concert 
L*« above remark* (farther char \vf (av*e part* of bit argu carat, which 
aot oady asrvrdtd cccU*Gn but indeed called for *n attewU'-ft to ihib) 
w*U appear ttam a paitage in his laser. wiW. * t 

' ltJ*cni. IOTKW the aJrair in :ti proper l-^bt* I sec MMMt 

jat eatifc ihere is foi all thi . liir againi) the clergy. If ihru . I 

CTidertlT ditcei* raced agriculture— ii they were Oaly a reoutc wtute 

of the b**b ©rice of pmi&ona, that would be f*>a»c pit* fox i(. W 

the foraacr ike cajct ic would Lc too ti&blc u nwkc U o^utiful : U*t 

fo far from it, liat chere ii men; jrabee lp rer. I *.r.j|,l 

ifc. »bit encourages the fafmen to m »r a renewal 0/ 

tbeir Icafes a* * greatly advanced rtas f Waal has enabCed many of 

tacra 10 fAJic fua&i of stoncy, dut uouEd fMirchnfc the cautta (bey 

-fanned 2 l)oc» this ljok as if an) dead weight had Uung »poa the 

flocp> ? But, in truth, the* who have gained m*0 h/ farming haw 

been the tril to exclaim agiinft titofi ; and fee a rrafon t*X -il'twrn 

to aacatioc. In the latter cafe, to prove tithes cOfHs-ibafc* to 

the tkaraeta of pecvifions, it Jhould appear that the/ cccaJico a fcur- 

nty. Nov thra (hey cannot polUuly do, it they Jo nut Hup the 

aJoiigb : and it is certain this is not idle: for many of me i-.-cawi 

co aot let t^or laavd rett fo muc'n aj it DitiulJ, Neither do tithes oe- 

taitoa a. kareity, viewed m any other light: tail cawut appear, ua 

Jet* it con bcdctnonwrstcd that an * do 

aot amount to Use fame Aim as ten units eoujunoivcly coal** 

The tenth goes to market as well as (be nine p I appt*- 

feead, ilia of no comit.u»n:c to iV • (eat 

ttubcT by the clergyman or tlic fanner, aa the one cannot fcil above 

tax inajL<:-jJtic< iuQtc tbao thcoiiicx. We have iicard of ah atriii' 

rial scarcity ; and ne know from what caufe it arose f/ai 

crcslioni-it hy the p*r/«n» keening i :r. bit bj rt H*iDI 

lAraa *vh>o is at all acquainted w:ta the circurni! .c clergy 

aa ftnttah Goa knows, hoardiot;. on fpc<»lauon, is a j un they 

uasaoc atTord to follow, A Jatc riotous atfcniMy, in the ncifHuoiie- 

iood »herc 1 ■ KOtntofibeMg) prke of wheat, which vai 

aovaatciaj; to pt. per coomb, did aot crn *ider the clergy as the OC- 

oafroa of it . the preat groveia of corn went the people they *ifucd\ 

Here he: thc£nc*.incc — Icr • J icndcncyof 

ovcrtlaed farxs. They certainly difcouragc pojiulttion — tiiey octaboa 

a scarcity of ft vera I iVirit csf p-oufion witA wtuch aurket-towaa uaed 

fo be I'up plied, for too great farmers are above attending to foe* 

est i taey fend no pork, lowlt, butter, cheese, egg*. UC* Co mar 

fcet ; aU tbese tbmgi arc coofuerxd in (heir own ramiliri. Ovcr- 

jiuMii f-3iuci» luvc, auoicovcr, frequent opportunities of lakatij; ai- 

.vanrn^e of every nrtstc - i!.nili ( aad 

JetHl "to xndrket the auit of trie yrar, in order to make a rcturo. 

WJUiU the otttteti aretbaa Jupplied the price of cora var 

taut after their Ooclta uc (pent, the rarrtriMiti, lea m«ll buy of tic 

4gj cat growen, who have now all the caarkct :o t; Mdltri 

aad baker* mull hare corn at any rate, ami, however dear tifcy Uv 

Ice care not to be forreren by it. Monopolist :;- 


$jfl CoRlESPORDENtl, 

pernicJafls to the public, as they are beneficial M iadWideals ; Mot* 1 
e^jccmllf a monopoly of what it the ftaff of lift, This is tsee* at 
jobtic grievance, and chiefly felt by thofe wfco an the Waft abb » 
Mar h. I am as far from encouraging a mob .aa asy aaa cam awl 

but the motives they affign for their proceedings are too pMsmsg sri 
admit of argument. They iay, they may as' well be hung at ftaftmL 
Indeed, it is very hard that thofe, without whofe afiftaace agrieanV 
ture coofd not go forward, mould not be able to live by their la- 
bour. Some of thefc people, who have families, cannot ears aMf 
daily bread, literally ipeaking j for to my fcnowlege feme of them 
could not have furvrved the two laft winters, by lawful sneaas. If 
tfcey had not been affifted. Such is the luxury* venality, and eat- . 
rnption of the times; and fo ready are almoft all ranks of men, ami 
to nece ffitate d are feme, to take advantage of them, that it moS mil 
very heavy on thofe who have it not in their power to make ufraf 
the like means. Men of property, and they who live by any mat ef 
trade or bufinefs, do not fo much feel the weight of public a vie*. 
antes. If com, Ac. bear a high price, and the neceflarki of bit am) 
taxed, landlords raife the rents of their cftatt s — tradefmen 

the price of their commodities— and, I fcruple not to add, the oleTf* 
come in for their ware, There, I may fo iay, are even with m 
times. The e flefl here is fimilar to that of action add re ailiea m 
phyfica. Bat as the price of common labour has not advanced it 
proportion to that of the neceflaries of life, .the inferior tart m 
people, without fome effectual relief, muft either fink under a warn^t" 
they are unable to fuftain ; or they will — where this will end, <2m 
knows ; but I very much fear that Engllfhmen will not, fibe FitantaV 
men, be paffive and jocund in a ftate of pinching poverty. 

" I (hall only add, that with refpeet to any parliament 
ruination about tithes, I mall be as little affefled by it as meft I 
provided the leaft juftice be done the clergy. I profefs to be owe «f 
the moderate clergy, if there be any immoderate : and I fiecaaety 
•declare, if it could be made appear that the abolition of tithe* m 
kind would redrefs any public grievtace— if, more efpacielly, is 
would only aiford weekly a Angle loaf of bread to every difreflsd 
family in the kingdom — I would be one of the firft of ray clerical 
brethren to join ue ailbcjation for that purpofe." 

Thefe appear to be the genuine dictates of a benevolent, christian 
difpofitkm ; and, to change the perfons of whom the Writer treated 
a hrtle before, it might perhaps be affirmed, with more truth, that 
if the clergy " were all of the fame g en ero u s and candid turn of 
mind, mere would be no difputes about tithes." 

* # * We are obliged to Drv***t for hrs inf o r m ati on renting ttta 
pamphlet which had eicaped our notice. 

i\.\ Jmcmt't Letter is received ; and proper rtfpcG will be paid 
in our next. 

IE** M. T/s Letter ii recerved. 

# % Tit CaMtratio* s/Thb Voyages fuhhjhtd fy Dr^ Haw, Kt> 
WQB.TH, vjfRlrt rtfumfd in our next. 



For OCTOBER, 1773. 

A • - I. MiftrfUm—t IHmt. X? John Bvrom, M. A. P. R. $. (bmo- 
iwut Fellow of Trinity Ce-lkje, Cambridge, ikI [aventor of the 
Ueirerri) Engliih Short-Hand, a Vol*. Bvo. ioi. Board*. 
Ma*cbeller printed ; and (cM by Riririgcnr* In I/tnrfan. 177}. 

THERE h fumcthing extremely iiitcrcfting in the memory 
of departed j»t;uus, wlica accompanied with the idea of 
the amiable and (octal virtues. As long 24 love and gallantry 
aWl animate this ilhir.d, fb long iruU the author of Colin and 
Phoebe be remembered with dtli&bt; a* long as thole fu'end- 
fhipc and that humanity he cultivated Dull fubfift, ib long {hall 
that delight be attended with affection. Nothing could have 
hern mote agrrciMc to ua than a patucular account of the life 
of tfaii /fir/Wiff, worthy man ; nothing could have been mow 
utcfuJ or more p!ea(ii£ to the public, but the preface is ftorc 
sad coofliU only of the following paragraph* ; 

* The publication of the fcltoftiog Ihccu it in compliance wi:a 

uds, who were much p Ira fed 
*SrJi feme of r 1* pm.cii cr>inpofiriDns, which had cahully eiroa- 
U*d : loci might *>rre be Jaid of the Author'* 

fesrocd, and poetic*! takataj but itd«» rot term to be the bouV- 
ftefi of ua Editor tu ct.dravour to anticipate the Reader's judgment-— 
By in o«a irstrmftc worth, and iV cindid opinion of the publ ■ 
following work ii l*ft :«- fall, 

4 A deference doe to the piblie may however raaice it otcaltarr 
*o aCurv them, that the poeroa here prefrnted are the eemjioe pro- 
d»dioo c4 Mr. Byrom. They aic carefully cranicribcd from his o*ai 
■0* ai many of then were u fuen raibtr for priviM 

rJ tfclt alt fovcnrabfe aUowanee 
*ill be made for (nail soaccaracu*. 

* Tiie K«*d<r a%av he iurp/i»cd P*****?* to a»d »» tkajc vol? met 
*°> many learnrvl *' qocatiou diiCtiiTco in verfc— Thii u ia- 
^eed a Un/uUrky aimutt peculiar tt» our Author : hut he bau to *c* 
**Mo/ncd bianfeir to the Un £l : : c? ;• >: r>, that he always found it 

Vw.XUX. K the 

442 Byrom'j Mifcellantous Poems: 

the eafieft way of expreffing his fentuncnts upon all ocesJidfli. Hi 
bimfelf nfed to give this reafon to hit friends for treating fuch fab- 
jeeU in fo uncommon a method ; and it is prcfumed, that, if they 
' are not found deficient in other refpe&s, the novelty of the manner 
will be rather a recommendation than otherwife. 

* At a time when party-difputes are fo happily Aibfided, it may * 
firm to want an apology, that, in the following collection, fome row 
pieces are infer ted , which afptar to be tinctured with a party- fpirit — 
A fmall attention however wiil convince the warmeft partizan, thai 
what Mr. Byrom has written of this cail was intended to foften the 
afperity, and prevent the mifchiefs of an over-heated aseal. Since 
this was the Author's chief motive for writing, it is imagined no 
Other apology will be neceffary for the publication of fuch pieces. 

* The great truths of Cbriftianity had made, from his earlieft 
years, a deep imoreffion uDon the Author's mind ; and as it was his 
manner to commit his fennments, of every kind, to verfe, fo he had 
a peculiar pleafure in employing his pen upon ferions fubjeft*— - To 
-rfie purpofefi of inftruftion, and the intereft* of virtue, all his abili- 
ties were ever made fubfervient. This will appear, more particu- 
larly, from the fecond volume of the following meets, in which it 
was thought proper to felect. fnch pieces as treat on fubjecls of a 
deeper, and more important nature— The Reader, it is not doubted* 
•will be pleafed to find that the Author's natural talent for wit, and 
humour, has fo often given place to fometbing more foKd and fob— 

It will be natural for our Readers to expect much excellent 
poetry from the Author of the celebrated fong in the Spectator 9 
but making poetry the vehicle of his fentiments on almoft evcrgp 
fubjrft, familiar or abftraded, he threw them of? in the forma? 
of verfe, feemingly without much regard to what the verfe it — 
felf might be. It is generally, however, as good as could res 
fonably be expected, confidering the fubjecls he frequently lc=r 
the Mufes to work upon. He made them, what furely th e^* 
have been feldom made before, cafu'fts, antiquarians, and, mm 
pity of them be it fpoken, polemical divines. However, a rest — 
fon is affigncd for it in the preface, and we are fatisfied. 

Many of his pieces were, in all probability, never mean*— 
for the prefs, yet have they merit in the eafy and familiar way— 
The following poem, frcm the remarkable happinefs aa^aV 
beauty of the concluding itanza, as well as from the truth ana* 
propriety that runs through the whole, is entitled to every com—* 
pliment : 

Am Anfwtr tofim Enquiries concerning the Authtr's Opinion »f a Strut** 
f reached at — upcm tbt Qptratio* tftbt He>lj Spirit. 

Say to the Sermon ? — Why, you all were by, 
And heard its whole contents, as well as 1— - 
Without difcuffing what the preacher faid, 
I'll tell you, Sirs, what came into my head. 


Byron 1 * Mtficfanmr Pvmt* 

be went oo. and learnedly perplcxt 

The p'- ■ i ii ibp of hi'i ehofta trv;, 

fl ray eye* abort him, and ejplor'd 
dove-like form upon the rounding board. 

Teat bird, thogght 1, wa» put there is a Gja 

What kind of(| j good divine : 

$%cm as, a ight preacher* to impart 

TV pcre and fample gofpcl to the heart ; 

A perfetf, plait, iattttmite iuJe, 
WiuiiHit tbo dark oiHinctiont of the fchool ; 
T&ai, with a r-ice, (ophilUt*! diigui fc. 
Hide ube clear precepts from die people's cyet. 

inc in one age was true 
Mnft nerds be fo in all lucceeding too i 
Though circuroilancr may change— iti inward aim, 
Taroafch ev'ry Outward flate, it Hill the fame. 

No thinking Chnrtian can b* pleu'd to hear 
who pretend to make iKc fcripturt clear, 
rks. upon the letter play. 
And take the fu.rit of it qjitc away. 

Berime, or p'»<e, orp«rf<»n, or what will, 

m fepport of fuch a wretched IktZl, 
It all amounts but to a vain pretence, 
That robt the gofpcl of its real icnfe, 


tTao^lit by the Satioui, and by holy men, 
■ Time thai if war then; 
Net ro be alter'd by unfioJIowM puio«; 
The world may vary, bat the truth remain, 
lit coe> fee rated phralei, one would think, 
That prictla. and pulpits, were not made :o fink; 
Profancr win can do it Oiai difgrace 
What nee J of i»ly «&rt in the cafe r 

The modifh, critical harangucr, heard. 
May be adrjii.-'d ; may he perhaps prefer'd j 
Uho finks the dirtatei of the facied page 
Duwu to the maxims oFthc prefent age. 

Bat, o'er his founding can<>p.-, why bring 
The harrulcfs dove to fpttuJ IB hov'riag waag ? 
Hnw ia the church, by fach a flupe. cxoreil 
Fuliaeta of brain, and eroptinefr of breaft i 

Of heade fo ftuen'd, and of h-iru fo itov'd, 
A diftcreat emblem Ihould. rr.ctlunki, be carv'd ; 
The Ovei of Ati*nt t and not Stem's 0#w, 

fit Bird *f l€*rnt*t* W <** MlfJtfLoVI. 

^n* would iaugine ibat vcrft were the moft incommodious 
iel *vtfcaprcfiW ihe uiilioAivni of v:rb»l criticiCm \ yn are 

it 3 thtM! 

144 BjronVr M rnti Pttm. 

there in thefc two volumes feteral Porus on different tctdmp 

in ! U>T3.ce . For the indulgence of cu:ii G;y wrc Cull feita 

Hot. Art i\iei. l. yth 

V< poets, and critiet, arid mrn of the fchool*, 
tl bo ta!lt about Horace, and Horace'* rul«*i 
Ye Leaned ijdflMtvrs how come* it. I woader. 
Thac none of you touch a moll tangible blunder ■ 
I iprilc not to Servile, and lurdy Ingiciant, 
Who will, rlghl of tt'NB|, follow printed edition*; 
Bui you, that are jedgr i, come rub up your eye*. 
And QfiDuKitle your wiu, -nJ I'll iLc « where it Lica. 

A swine tt other rule*, which roue Horace hat writ. 
To make bifr young Pifo for poeuy I 1. 
He cell; him, (>.»: varies fhoutd not be porfaV» 
When inc Mule (or Mmcr»a) war rot in the mood; 

..«t. whate'er He CiOuU write, '* ktJtvmUltt it Jy'ctaJ 

•• f* .■.'»• .jr/ m • mijftr, UrflSmif 1 

And !rt it lie by hu:i u<>w prtcfc up your a*r»— ^« 

j\« fftwUMr i« *•»•• DUC }Ott*. 


Nine yean! I lepc-t— — for the fooad la cnoogh, 
Willi c±c help of puin lenlr, to di*cmer ihe fluff. 
Jf thr rule had WfO ofw, what a li^uie would ni&f 
Have made wi;h >our «, ye matter* c«f »>ne ? 
Muft a youth ol quick part*, k>r his • : -fc * pcrfcltioe, 

I At U Ul for nirt >can io tfcc lh±fl t/C.rriOimT 

yean if hi* tcTjer moil Ix in the Ira*?*, 
Take ihe roang rojae Mmfelf, and tra&rpon aim tor 

To baIm th;» a saaxtai, that Horace irifufca, 
%Xu\\ pru»okc all cac Uu^htu of -ll the ciicMsici. 
how the win ol : »p, in a cafe .o faced 

Would have jokd upon Horace, *ud Pi. r o, a.-.d V.Kiei, 
It they all could noc Take a poetical line 
Kipe enough to be read, nil the year had flriick nisei 
rkd ilc boy been poffei of nine lire*, like a Cat, 
Ytt furely he'd ne'er have iuiiraitied to thai, 

Vah ! firs an old Critic, bdeti&ise a am b e r 
ToekooteoJaar yrar*^— twhich ujuiihr £. 
Qaotc* a rftfgtn of ( juioiilufi lur um* /« rfava 
B«t wjicU Aopa fan a; his Claming— — r«e*tttt\ 
SoittetrcV aaaay ycua, tic can inHacKe — it. nee, 
liberates ten—Poor Cinni joU aiacj 

luxntei ten— roor t_uini joa aiae j 
K-k iKiUace oi cafciejr, whic*, had hi been 
TV old Critic h*d (ecu, aevor coold ui a 





Mefti, 6ft a young one-, nine >r*r», I cbo/cfsr 
1i 4 tfelpei Jte while foi a youth fiOHupprcit ; 
I can hardly think Horace would mite it a point j 
Tac word, lobe fvre, muft be out of iti joint ; 
Lit *iy wan a »****/ -~— haJ I been ha Pit >, 
1*4 hive told little /***/. minr never fhauki ii 
Had he faid tor nine inonihi, I ftiouM think them cnoc ; 
Tai* reading iu faUc, Sir — -pray teU u> the true. 
Wliv, yov arc not ft/ off it, it* prcfrat conjecture 
May furr.tfti we place with a probu! 

I doubc. either printed, or ^liireo. 
The bi icon ajj have Seen bitten. 

nontha vou uTTow Vea n Jl, fct u:, for fear 

OfaJFroiitin^ Quiatilian, e'en make ic a yrar : 
Give the cell xuKjar, hot 3i to tirir aw—— 

i pljtn Enelilh iio/e he UitKttOW. 

I take the corrcixion aaaa?;*.-/ #w#rw— - 

Ixt it I i ih— ay, t*«t may liuU water; 

A«4 time enough too for <onfuUiag about 
[after Pifoa rwrrViroiance. oi t. 

r a*t! would Hcr^cc iftfiJl, th.« I i».ri<h of a hoy 
Lbould laic as much time, .»» die u'xjflg of Twy ? 
Tfbcy, ibat bitid cut the young one. la) , .when the old fellow 
Took any else Iskc U, to aukc i fhiog fn< )2qh ; 

1 A- 

Tho* correct in his tndea Youag nun you fay ri-h :, 

j thtta that «ill fee, it it plain at hrtk ight i 
ritki thai will not. they bunt all aroutM 
ffnetomg of Omened, in fenfe. or in found ; 
It ii a'! one to them ; fo attach M w thr letter, 

-. tc make "better fenle nuJcct it B«VW .he b*'tt«-r • 
Njy.llicinorc lenfe in rcadinfa. the [«fl they will own cm ; 
...It leave to tack; (tgti their aHuuybtaj *>»*.*. 
Po you think, they ery oat, that with fo ITttlc wit 
tuch a world of tjreu Critics on Hone* hive writ ! 
T^at the nocti thrrnfcfvrj, wr; the :>lun£cr ft) plain. 
In a poifll of their ait ioj, would let it rctnaa'a i 
re to confide/, thefr critical chaps 
»a no; like to be frtahb'd j yew Mf WMbre, p±rhxpi, 
■ndment, (there they cm C-c tosiewhac armit ; 
Uut may laift their tJl blood, if rou circulate thu. 
It will iii ■ -i .:-. this, Sir, a* ftire a* their blood. 
til (l j ml - as in Hod we'll iluod* 
They tn»y wr-rgle »nd j»ngle. unmUmj* to fre; 

le to me. 
Tali »wa»c o! tUein no & ft etc will jdmit, 
ittcep:— ;tat a blur :i no blut« uli it'i tit; 

24$ Ybi Siege of Tamor ; a Tragedy. 

And bow you have bit it, if wtmm contest *Mn» 
So would, if the vcrfc had fo had/it, »»£#*/«mv 
■ '•■ ■ XII. ■ .. 

You'll fay tbis is painting of characters---*- true ; 
But, really, good Sirs, I have met with thefe two : 
The fir*, in all comments quite dbweto the Dtlpbi* t 
A man, if he likes it, may look at himfelf in ; 
The lad, if you tike, and along with the youth. 
Prefer to NoKumymt poetical truth, 
Then blot out the blander, how here it is hinted, 
Aod by all future printers Ummmfmt be printed. 

There are feveral other really valuable criticifms on Horace * 

conveyed in the fame lingular manner. 1 

Aar.-II. Tbt Siegt of Timor; a tftfgttfr. By Gorges Edmond ! 

Howard,'' Efq. ' 8vo. 14. 6 d. Dublin printed, London re- I 

printed, for G. Robinfon. .BdU. the Third. 1773. 

THERE !• fo much difference between dramatical and 
poetical abilities, that a writer who pofleues no inferior 
portion of the latter may, neverthelefs, be deftitute of the for- 
mer. We remember to have heard a gentleman, who has dif- 
tinguifhed himfelf by his dramatic productions, obferve, me— 
deftly with regard to himfelf indeed, but juftly enough, per- 
haps, at the fame time, that writing for the ftago is rather sasm 
knack, than an effect of genius. Certain it is that there amass 
many unexhibitcd plays, infinitely fupcrior, in point of compok — 
fition, to numbers that, have been played even with fuccefssmas. 
Among thefe ranks the Siege of Tamor, to which we cannc^sant 
farther proceed without taking notice of a very elegant and ic^aa- 
terefting Prologue prefixed to it, by Mr. Peter Seguin. Coo*cr>- 
plaining that his country [Ireland] had been little diftinguiuV^safd 
by the Mufes ; he fays, 

To us alone, the niggard Fates refute 
The honours of the far- recording Mule 1 
Although, Hibernia's patriots might prefume 
To rival thofe of Sparta or of Rome ; 
Although her heroes were as bold in fight. 
Her fwains as faithful, and her nymphs as bright. 

Here too, of yore, ftnpendous deeds were done. 
High conquefts cnterpriz'd, high honours won. 
To the fam'd facts ten thoufand harps were fining, 
And what our fires atchiev'd, their poets fung : 
Yet here, alas ! we boaft no Homer born, 
No Shakefpeare role, an intellectual moral 
To. lift our fame perennial and fublime. 
Above the dart of Death, and tooth of Time j 
While Gothic fires attack'd us as their prey, 
And, with our records,, fwept our name away, -m^ 



Tk $if{* *f Tmtr ; a TttgtQ. 

But \o ! ft bard, a ftfltiw bard, at lull 
Tmiij back the twwlt of if n mi pa* ; 
FUsriug the cujph of long-involving aijjkt, 
Plocti lonh the ulc of virtue to the . 
And jivci the living glory to your fight. 

O Su«tc! not uuw co Iccl. not now CO rnrlt 
At woes, that whilom your fiimM country lei: ; 
Let your Uol'n brealU, with kindred aidogrtgfow! 
J*t yo*s fwcd'n eyas, with kindred pillion* flow ! 
So flail the ncafuie. ilut alone endure a* 
Aod ftli the worth of ancient times— be your* !, 

Every ocie in the Jeaft acquainted with the rntfrorr of Ireland, 
snows the high heroic fpirit which ipfpircd the indent mtivtl 
of that country, ihfir boundlefs third of glory, their* obfttnicy 
of honour, the ctuhufiafm of their mihury virtue, jphkh in 
toeic coined:, cither smog their own little kingdom*! or w ' tn 
flnngrn, fevqu* Attn tothc mort langulnary extr 

Witn loch cbm&criflics Mr. Howard ha* pioperlp represented 
tben ia his tragedy ; and if hi* heroes, according 10 the mo> 
cern, cr even to the rational idea of herult'm, appear to k° be- 
yond the uttnoA verge of nature, the fpirh of iheir cnuntiy and 
Ifttir times will, if remembered, reconcile us to tticir conduct. 

Turgefim *, King of Denmark, hating made a Jefcent upon 

Ireland, and conquered fomc of act inferior Rate*, l»|i iiegeto 

T"*Eor, now called Tara, in the county of Hail Mcatli. This 

place was the rcfidviice of the roonjcchs of IrcUnd, -and here 

*fceybe2d ttxir provincial aflcmNres and pa;lunien(i. It was 

Dcnrt** capital of M*|frclilin, King of Lcmtter, and the buti- 

**cf«f ;he play commence* not till the beticged were reduced, by 

toil uid famine, to the urmolt extremity. l"he terms which the 

f**Dcio*Ji ftutmy infifted en were uWfcinir, to humanity, w't. that 

'h^brave and Cbriflian prince M Jfechlin (hould prnflicutc his 

daughter Eerneitha, hit only child, to the plcafuic of the Pagan 

JP^fiCi Thb citcumllancc throw* fo ftioojt sn tntCscft into the 

«rama, that in; btu-r pfK ol it i» filled with the moll heait- 

'^nding fcenci. 

Tfce third Scene of the third A& prefenti the father and the 

. tae former, by his horror at the idea of the Dane's 

J**»lluiin£ her, worked up to the dreadful resolution of killing 

f 1 **? with his own h,ar.d j the Utter ignorant both of Uu father's 

***tcmkn an* of the enemy's demand; 

M A L t J! C l« L I *, 

Tu liLiriWe— Lut ere ic it accorapIifiYi!, 
Beyosd recall, lr: me once more renew 
Tbe dreadful mo tire— He demands my daughter, — 

• ;« moj« of thu tyrant, and of the ilory on which ibis play 1* 
r °«i»J, ia iU laJL voJuac of <w» Review, p\ 471. 


fefS Vb$SUg4 $ffm$r ; » Tregttj. 

And for perpofe the aoft fool— and Oh ! 'OnY? 

Do I confent ?— Yftt (hoetd l-net— ay tfeere— 
There^— ■efriddflcmfena ! It mud not be-— | 

No— *thia, (f%Uing tut a dagrtr) this rather motrM trie 
Elfe, fo defee with fear* that beau teous forte ■ 
Ev'n left mould ftart at it* fEtrvfiha vffmn) Ha ! Am 
HoW nature at the fight revolts end tremble* ! 
'I, for -a moment, mufr conceal thij weapon. ( 

Etntfl. O Sir ! how happy am I in 'this fummoni 1 

Mal/tcb. Protecting angtis fpread their wine* aroue 
Shield I fhieW her !-Oh ! 

Struct. A groan* fo deep ! -Ahr4L 

Mv heart diet in me at the found whence i where 

Woe's me! he cannot fpeak, tarn, torn this way, 
What is the facrifice that heav'n demands ? 
You look not on me— it mall be my trefpafi— 
Speak, fpeak to me, or my 'poor heart will bnrft. 
None had your favour more than your Eerneftha, 
How have I left it? 

M&lfieb. Thou haft not loft it, 

• No, my Eerneftha, do, this very moment, 
Thou art tar dearer to my foul than ever ; 
And yet chit interview, 'tis like, will be 
The laft delight thy prefeuce e'er can yield me. 

Ecrntf. Defend me* heav'n ! Oh ! Sir, am I the Ou 
Ami to blamed 

Mmlfitb* No, no, it ismy fondnefs ; 

■My coontry loft ; a tyrant** craelty ; 
Thy honour, virtue, and thy matchlefs beauty, 
Theft, thefe the fatal caofe. 

• £*rmjf. O fearful farads! 
And wilt thou then abandon me for eves f 

Mal/tcb. ftow, now, my heart be ftaady 1 , 

Se'eft thou this i (S&tw.n 

gmejf. I do. 

Mmificb. And in thy father^ hand ? 

Etmtfl. I fee it all. 

MslfKb. And dVft thoti not tremble r 

Etrntft. No, Sin 

ihieljttb. It-is dejjgn'd for thee— -my child I -for .the 

•Etrntft. If 'tis your-will, I'm ready to receive it» 
, Mtdjtcb. Ha! fear*ft thou not to die? 

Etrntft. My mother's virtue and my father's jpirft 
"Have arm'd my heart egamftdcath's blackeftfrownjij 
Early you taught in* th»c it hid ro. terrors 
^ut to the guilty mind. 

Maljuh. Their dirarm'ft me. 

Thy *Kal piety, thy woad'rous fortirode 
Have ftruclc thy father with remorfe and lhame, 
Ami fav'd him from a fearful detperatfen ; 
Yet art thou hri (pt-that-**for that; rar-vforfe— l 

ToV SUgf t/Taiatr \ * Trszufy. 


Etrqg. Nm. bow. I fear iud«ti— uil, tell me. Sir! 
Upon my kneca 1 beg-* f.Wr Inettsf 

(Hi <w*?h U m*dfn m**k Jiji*rM.) 
Alu! thoic throbs 
Will burft your leader bofoaa. Ha ! you nccp — 
The tea* you vsouki relrair. flcjh uown your deck, 
Woe ftopi yoar »*f<ech— O Sir ! pronounce toy doom, 
U'b«f'#r it be, no dcaib <an equal i!iii. 

Msi/e<i, I will— I will — hut ris of fuch 1 nature 
Twill make thy mother's b?ncj tint in ti»cir grit:. 
And mr in aftcr-liuac! rrrci'J wjiji iorrur. 

rf theft—Oh ! know— — I cm* no mere rJi) nrefeoc* 

■ot fuffer i:— harte, fly r^ Sionu— 


Etrnrfl. Yoai iroai my heft obedience 

h • tem>o can affrlirbc inc. 

Mmlfitk. Yet, yet bold 

I Uc «eil for**, nor i* it flj*nj;e , f^M.; 

Come to wyacmi Oaxc.-aoic^— now, take ibia dagger, 

Thi» in&uwest of dc^tli, i«y Ud. bell jit';. 
Conceal and keep it ai ycur wc.'l known guardian. 
And bear thy pot' - in remembrance, 

?c*v'a may <Ju«it ;t jn the hoar 0| peril 
five iby (ex'» ItJKI ill": booiea boa 

i he tb<c from* poUuelon— —Oil! Ufcurel, 

F:on» the fecond Scene of the fourth Aft it teem* dctermirxd, 
feejocne* of the extreme OOHlTJ of the unhappy citizen*, 
*hat the lermi proofed by ihe Dare fiiould fc-c complied with, 
*ut, wthal, taac tr.c dauber EffOldUu luJ received from her 
f*«ier, (he 4ho<*Ld reserve to plunge in the brtift or I «/ raWlhcr. 
*jWi*»pcat^ frooa the oiincrfation bcarccn iko Bung wpi the 
•'iOMte Siorna ; 

M U ! t C Jl L ! y, 


\ iSV lid !!ic 1,0' c;.ii jne 1 

.malt a-i mr:: ur natural of falhcn ? 
TelJ n* 1 prar, aiiaotfi 

S,4rtm. Whca 1 bad ted ha to :Uc fcoly if' <r, 
\ in the trndcrcft pfirafr her doom, 
Silent at fir*, and r . flood. 

Winch ra:hcr item d th' eHec't ol 4ee-» furprite 
Thas auf*nt c-i terror, *fc«<c, a: , V.-Jnf, 

Tkima on her kncc% tlic lowly litkim 
When, (or a while, ir. 1 '.- remaini- 

At length, with deeet-feteh'd 4gt», hrr bolb» hMVing, 
She role, and with a fcxt arxi ptercing eye, 
Serene bvt awfml m inip-.rcd bea 
To dc fae turn'd, thtu »avV her band :.nd faid, 
You xoay proceed, the couflicl now is utlt. 


Thi $!'£* <f 7a*mr ; a Trtyjf. 

With innocence ar.d ftrcngth di»*n confirro'd» 
My Cher's Ipinc And hit lalk, be* gift 

:»ccl ( from *ithin her robe ftic dre*) 
J now tu>c v fio lear, 

J^O» aught to with but oui lov'd otutrft fftnkio. 

M*}jt>*. M*y the almighty pow'rs her foal contini. 
And nfive her ana to exceuie cay pu- [pitted, 

$i*r** Sliouhi heftven'j dread vengeance cct be yctwav 
And thai ft* pi ih in du iiigh mmb] 

Virgin* Jnd bu:d» Jliail yearly at her totnb, 

DCful numbers fin* her deathlefi pji.l'c, 
And deck it with the howret* ot t.-e ipruii;. 

By the afltuUnce of her lover, KiaJ!, Kin» of Ulfttr, through 

whole in'.meoiatr ait! »*>c P'nilh a;rti) is fubdyed, and the city 

sslicvcd, hrr purpolc is effected, j \\t ikc u i elated 

let with two DjiiIAj cti 

AlnwT. Dm!: our K:n;»Uve# 

ZtHgor. Ere thi*. he breathes no mure. 

Pofbog the princ* l« with him W tie couch 
Within hi> ten;, of her fore trie* regarding ; 
SSc. MitS a poifianl. which her robe coocci.1 ii, 
S;tnck at hi» heart; l»at ere it rrach'd in air*. 
He caught u *kh the trtrnblinr hand thai pear'd lt| 
When Niall, happ'ly at the inftant eat'ntp, 
Sciz'd htm, and *r tiling the fame we a poo from hint* 
In In: ncrcc botoiu pluu^'d it!— the* exalting, 
" "I "hi* for my tic her for my cou&try this 
And thU, and thi;, and thai for my dc-r love!" 

The Reader need not now be told how the play concludes. 
Tbctc is foenctning extravagantly great both in the furtaot 

' and chancier of Niall, fomcthwg, poffibiy, too quixotic, tut 
the defperate circumftancca and fttuation or the Tamoruiu 
rjnade the digout viruict nedus. 

Thb traced/, though full of the horrid bufinefs of drftrri 
and couflidt, is not dcllttute of the fofter fcenc*. nor hu the 
Author failed in that tcndernelt fej - vof language irftka 

ibey requite ; 

Act HI. Sell, 
M Apsrtacnt iB the Ctf/.Vr, bjftfUiTlfa j4y'"I in m mb\ 
/y-rr. /eft M*fa ptyi*{, 
£ I a * t . > 
How fceet is muuc to the mind at eafc. 
When felt thus pleating to devoir like mine f 
I -■;.< i liL^vcnly llratfil our auiicnt Druid t tu'd 
In thrir mvflenous rites, what time, the moon, 
Night'i a»lcl emprefi, lioin her clouded throne 
Serve) M the nether world, and file^cc <. 
Uider the aI.i-) of ni^ht ; thai haJ!ow*d i 
Amiirt then coafcetaud tic^ca v. . 

1h Suit a/ Tamor \ a Tra{tJy m 

2 5 t 

Jlarmoniow* anmben wild i the'niag bard, 
lowing more thin human, ,*nd concciVd 
That all arouod uu holy and iefyir'd. 

£afrr Itmok*. [witchings. 

ftfxma. Ah! pi inc<f*» there's no Jlrcngta can bear theft 
Ft'mtft. What heart diftrelVd like mine can tafte repofe f 
Ailiclion hath from infancy purfuM mr, 
And heipe and peace have long lorfook my bofotn. 

Ill***, Difpc! tbia fad defpondency of foal . 
Obicrre the change* of iIiU life. Iiww va;i 
Thl fc» nVn frowni to-day » may Guile to-morrow. 

EftMt/ Ala* udUfcto, empty a» the cloud 
That fweep: along the vale, are all our hop«g, 
O '. coult) 1 to thai calm retreat retire. 
Amid the woodland waJks the wimii&jj vajct, 
Asd fpriogs that fparkx from the marbic mcfci f 

» Where, la love's iceerti. Ibft ai breeze of fpriog 
WaraiM by the funnv beam, th«- blooming >ooth 
Firft breath 'd hit arder.t vo*» and won my heart. 
To* hippy peafaot, there, in :oia1 innocu.ic 
J jvei on with liberal frugalitv, 
teakb to hit allowed day, 
WhUil peaceful plenty crowiu hu honelt toil*. 
Nor fi^ha to fee his ere of fife dcAend. 

*Taer«, i jptwre edioea through tbe kilning grates ; 
CbBMOCmtai fptrkktls th.cTireiiracvc, 
A»4 ta-ut h and pleasure, felHse dance and fbog, 
. up the happy heart, the fame for ever. 
There is corfidcrable poetical ancrit In the above TVrJaf, and 
*)c second Scene of the tvtt Ait, which rircfents us with the 
r -'J: irterricw between Niall and Eeracflh;i, El ra ecu ted with 
^aAan« happy descriptive vein of gen 

Act II. Sell. 

' <?/«* ar«r /£r C\j/7;V »; Tamoh, W a G*f£if C*tk&*! mi m 

jmsll Dijtmu. 

Emttr RlAM. Ai /-*/ /WiV #/ « #% 
Tbis is the frcred z r0vr i * nD> >'°» :1;C wit. 
About thU a*>or, 'tit faid, ihc daily pafles 
Tail way, to matrir. fen-ice in the temple. 

EsaaoirHa m/Itnona ttffur at a jm*U itjl*Mt % 
Amd lof two bither more in tomato garb. 
And one ia vcil'c ; pcrhap* i: is my love. 
I will not >ct appear till I know more: 
This friendly tuft conceals me from their view. 

™*»ai»THA oWlrnoNA ofprtut/j. AiU*J*u$ ttjcmt Jijlautt.) 
Estm;:. Hcc let us paufc a while— the raily bell 

■ For maitiii ferviee hath not to! I'd as yet. 
How Jowly look* the moras midir all this ruin I 
Tn« featbeVd wa."blcn ct this vocal grove 
la perfect tranfaon chant their knx-tun'd Ufa, 

*i» . Thf Sifj/ $/ Torn* j * Tr*^. 

Unconfctoas of restraint lo mar their bt I'i, 

The Ilow'ry fields in vifi profufion pour 

Thar trealurM fweeta, and fill with rich pcrfaacf. 

Wafted on acphyi** wings, the fragrant *ir, 

A*tl all in concert the cheerful day \ 

V uilfl ill my thought* are fly rem- arid defpair. 

like**. Ah! princefi, why u.iletfcoo indulge such 
Why let them prey thus on thy «cn:Ic fc*[ ; * 

Btrntfi. ! What <li afhomrr 

Look round ; Is there the faintclt glr-uti of bopc r 
Abroad, the devastation of my eoentry ; 
Witnin, the dftoMofl or my heart. 
And have my fiats, my cruel ftar*, decreed 
That never more thefe longing eyej fall niert 
Tbc blooming yotflh, wt»o once, nor larrniler't hills, 
From quick perdition in blelVd none at fnauh'd Ml 
Thrice has the fun jtf annual courfc putfu'd, 
Since I beheld him as the rntrninr; fur. 
pure vs nnibaded light, and chajlc ai truth. 
Ala* 1 , *: time*, my toittirM fancy me*i htm 
A Hearing ec-rfe upon the £"lphy mai». 
Or gor'd with wound upon the fandy beach. 
Ales '- *H fr* tC * 1 fo vain t wretched EcrnclUu ' 

/•m«w. why thus dwell upon this mournful fabjet 
And cherifh fmitUf* woe.* Keen thy ftoL 
. *>*//. O my hWtl thett't a fccm plcafiara 

Jn hoarded forrow, whtcJi ic only Jcnowi* 

/•Una. So we deceive oorfrltcs and court our raU- 
ir to ti&lnle i.Yhun, and the luv'd icaagc 
jo time nrsay quit your heart. 

£>«y. ImpofiWe ; 

Til fcVu for ci'cr there O! he waamorc, 

[ h la oldaeroic Hory ever cold 

Of dignity, of valour, or of beauty. (Sfmft h 

But hark • are thri> founds.' this folemn kueaocy 
T fc»i b-.nds the captive fcnle, and fills the fool 
With hcnv'nly rapture nnd with jioly ardour. 

ItbirM. 'Tis U<j\t\ the pious choir cl* ruicfb and 
Who at the altar fcrve in yonder temple. 

Etrxtji. Hrffthcr, 1 Jl kne c] grfotaag on tbe eirth : 
The place isiacred all, and claims cur rc» 'reucc. (fto t 

;n mercy, as in love unbounded . 
To u\y cdclial uunfioni il (tic prayri 

ncence arifc, and flame before thcr, 
O faic our country from thiv wreck of ivar ! 
And, h' he lire*, dear ©hiee! of my foidaci'sj 

.Bc.'ofC the wanderer to tfcfc longing 
me wi;h htm m the peat'. 

(Null tf«Va««.\ xxJfrt/tmti kimfitf hfftn 

I in udder with am;2cmer:~e;racioas pe-»en ,' 
My knfr ii lure dirturb'd, snd ihadows jUiaa 
Jn mo^li ap(;*4r^r.c:j tvfore my av 

fh S'uri #/ Tamer ; < 7*- 


Stay — JUt, thou dear cachanutig rifloo! flay. 

A7*//. Tra'rifcCTidene happinef* ! mine only .. 
Ho*' ak the tranfpor: of my To 

I am tbvt wanderer, iliac once hippy youtfi, 
Wbooi thou near I/iffo's ffcort dioQ deign to Bear, 
Ard linen to ihc I.tnjMi.gc d hit I.cji:. 

Etrard. F.nrapcuring Joundi ' by all my hoprt, 'tit he J 
Propitious hcav'n reiVres him 10 iny wiihes ! 
O' turn the* from my bluihei. 

A'/itf. No, Ice i Kern $ few; 

They fpeak the wriuc* of thy hear'nly (i 
A»*J more i with Icrapliic lurt, 

ttrtijt. .11 hate 1 counted ev'ry fiour, 

Siace from that blcit retirement 1 torn, 
Wfc»ere fcofe and honour won my tavilh'd loo! ? 
But uy, *tiii led you hlihc- ? too advemuroui I 
To ihefc devoted walls confignVi to ruin .' 

A'/*0. No more a wretched exile, licit a king, 
Whote iirioai fortooei thoa perhaps hart he-arJ, 
(For rumour hath not let them pais unnotic d) 
At length, I've rou»'d whole kingdom*, oow in arms. 
For thee 1 nunti CO wl r ; for lh« to cooi, 
.,f, <r> (fee, ©/die. 
kirmtjl. Where are the ktntdomi ? 

And wftcrc the troop that you hare rOua'd tc arffu : 
ionary <lt, the drcatna of love. 
y rafli. thou tiiflclt with ray peace, 
to e.rpofe thy life to certain peril. 
Stsii. Love urg'd me oo, and love no p4ril fan. 
Oft, »hcn the glaomy {hades of night have 3c!e» 
Upoa rii/ lollfc-mc *av, I've laid mc «-l</*rn. 
The Cod any couch, my canopy the liiri. 
Champion Pit thre ami arfy. 

Good heav'n, that conftancy like ours regarii. 
for hi- n, will protect he.- Niall. 

Ecrmsjt. What it's I ocai ? Null .'—undone EerntftU! 

sue— fjeafc— fneak -pain— — 
ft«£ It If. 

*at asant Co hateful to tiuao Deufc. 
Etrmtft, Fly her<c~OH (ly— tl'.cj.: r ee me loorti 

4 fee tbec more '.— my ©aly joy of lik I— 
Finl. bid roe die ! 'twere intrcy it il:\ !ci twice ; 
And I viilJ Weft taeo with my pariin 

">/- Ah roe ! O prince : ll .* death :o me. 

on the < I 

It thou doll lore 

fcaxh attends a ojodi. 

■nd :>mn thcr ' tlrn» *.ert ne'er to cruel ; 
TA/utii- • li a though;. 

rny lire's IracfpreCiCO 9 
. fame po w: r 1 and by iny ptc«i(naa k*f I 

jsjif The Sidgt of Torn*} a l*ragedy. 

I am of the imputed crime as innocent, • 

Ai thou art of a thought that is not pure. 

Thou faired excellence ! 'twould burfl my heart, 
Conldft thou conceive a thought again ft thy Niail. 

Etrwfi* That I believe thee true, not truth more true | 
With foul as noble as the firlt of heroes* 
Witnefs the love my heart has now betrayed ! 
But fhould my royal father find thee here, 
And learn withal thac 1 was privy to it, 
No power on earth could fhield chee from perdition : 
What then would be the fate of thy EerneiLha ? 

Nitll. Then I'll away, and join my con<ju*ring troop** 
Now hither on their march from Newry's hills, 
Once more to meet the bloody Dane in battle. 
And fnatch this city from his menae'd vengeance. 

Eerntji. I bade thee go, but thought not when I fpake it. 
Do not thus h alien, from mine eyes to tear 

The laft, laft light of all that they hold precious. 
Alas ! what will your flender force avail 
Again ft the numbers of thefe fierce aJTailants ? 
Kiall. Did they furpafs the fands upon the beach, 

And thou the prize, 1 fhould with /corn behold them. 

Oh I 1 could flay for ever, parting thus, 

And for one further look from thofe dear eves, 

Were endlefs woe the hazard, I might ride it. 

But on my flying hence, all fafety reils. 

Ere a new mom, joyous, with conqueft crown'd» 

Niall again (hall vifit his EerneiLha, 

And bring an heart with conftant Jove o'erflowing. 

Etrntft. Go ;hrn, brave prince, Eerneftha bids thee go* 

Guarded by heav*n, to conqueft hafte, and glory : 

Yet, amidlt charging hofts remember me, 

And for Eerneftha's fafety prize thine own. 

h'iall. As yet me knows not of the fpoiler's claim. (AfidtJ 

Tis glory calls, I hear the facred voice, 

The voice of liberty it fires my foul, 

And fame and victory attend its fummons. 

I muft deferve, before i claim reward; 

Denmark mult fall, Ierne mult be free, 

And my Eerneftha emprefs of the North. 

Thefe laft fpecimens are meant as much to fhew the poeti- 
cal abilities of Mr. Howard as his talent for dramatic writing* 
Of that, however, the play before us is certainly no unfavour- 
able proof. His language, at the fame time that it retains its 
dignity, is fum>iently colloquial, and to unite thefe qualities it 
no very eafy talk. Sometimes the Author feems to have failed 
in it. As, for inftance, 

There's no ftrength can bear thefe watching*. 

That he awairs you in your antichamber, &c. 
But thefe are, indeed, mod trifling defects, and hardly rifible 
under the merit of fo intercfting and fo Spirited a performance. 


t *ss 1 

tiprij, Vutiiuctii by the £«scty oi Antim l.otdou. 

VtkklL Anick ttiiwlaJcJ; Sec our Uit MvutfcS R . 

TAVING laid before our Readers a fliort account of Sctr- 
I ral articles in thu volume, wc now proceed to thoie 
ftKri remain. 

Tbe 171b number was read by Mr. Ptg^e, and conftfis of 
Ubtcrraiirna on Dr. Percy'* Account of trunifcicl* among the 
rtom.' Dr. Pcrcj ha* Cup poled thai minflreu were held in 
re* etiimalion, iitd privileged with an exiraocdwary rank arid 
ignity among oux Saxon «ic<ftoi». Mr. I'c-i&c opposes this 
rajceturc, ou the contention {ftiil for the (pace of 600 year*, 
Ut n, from the arrival of Hen gift to the Norman conqurtt, 
oration is made of ihefe pcrfons. • We bear enough, fay a 
c, of the Saxon poets, and poetry, but nothing ii faid of 
Nttf bard- like rnuftcians, though fcafls and entertainments are 
neafpoken oi, w likewise the courts or their prince*.' I he 
stryof the ;;reat Kmg Alfred's vifitinp the DiiuiHi camp in the, 
trtts aid character of a minrtn-l, Mr. Pcgne jcgard& at at lealt 
)fu waful authority ; and though the in nance of a vifit p*id 
»the Saxon tenu by Anuf, King of the Danes, in the fame 
trfgbife of a /toM of mictlxcl, appears to him iooicwrut better 
faasdtd, he think* neither of them arc fufficient to eftablilh 
At point which JJr. Percy aims ar % as Anlaf was not a Saxon ; 
sad farther, as the character aiTuined by tbcfe princes, to an- 
f*tf a particular purpose, dcea not imply any pjrticuli; dig* 
imy or rihmaraon attached to the Saxon manJlrels : hcfidc 
*tikh, he doubt* the propriety of the term mmfijcJ, in the 
nrft intlancc at leaft, and imagines it probable. ' if Alfred 
realy went into the Dariih camp as a fyy 9 he took the cha- 
fer of a mimic, a dancer, a g<iliCula(or» a baftcleuror jack- 
padding, who commonly made ufe of fome inirrument of rr.ulic 
Uftbc puxpofc of aiTcmbling people about them/ 

Tbr tg article contains an account of toe monument 

ttftSttnly afcubed toCati£crn ; by Mr. CnUb.oolcc ; who fup- 
pcars, that Kits Cot Houfe, near Horflid in tail Kent, and 
cocooflly confidered as the monument of Catigein the brothtr 
tf Vortiaitt, is indeed that of Herb* the brother of Hcngift the 
&ton; that what i> reputed by the people ct thteotratrj to 
1*Hoiu"j monument is notbag mote ibun a large quantity of 
fanes tonied up by the plough in (he neighbouring field 1 ;, and 
^wn together thereout of the way; -rd farther, that C»ti- 

tfn waa buried in a held or warren in the paiiuS of Addingtoo 

• Wirtce the plate ca!!ed UuifUJ probably took i;s name. 



a$6 Anhattl*iia ; ir t Mtjtfl*m9*s Trsfls rdni*{ so Anility. 

in Kent, in which place arc the remains of tome huge float*, 
probably creeled to his memory by the Briton*. 

The 18th number conlrits of obicrratioru on Stone- harctat, 
by Bifhop Lytttefon ; and the next, of obfervation* on &oor- 
fcammcrt, by Mr. Keg§c. i>r. Mil to, Dean tf Exeter, and 
Prrfident of the Society, is the author of the aoth arcicle ^ 
which prefent* us with a very ancient inlci/ption m rfcc cbu.xti 
of Sunning hill, Hcrkft. In the fotoomng Aomber we haves 
<Tefcripfion of an ancient and curioni (oof, at Bridek 
Cumberland, '.vich a RtiOfC i.ikripiion, which is thus translated, 
Hift FJofd W09 eonvtrfed, find to tbit m*n's txtmpts %x#rtibt Dmm 
fraught. This Ekard i> fuppofed to hare been a Dani& 
n'hn, nc-in^ convened to Chriftianity, fcvc raJ ot his 
irymen followed his example. 

Number 22 contains two Icrtert on Csrtar's invasion of Bri- 
tain, and more particularly h« paiage acrofs the Thames; bf 
tne Hon. Darfnc ton; who cunjcc"tu:o thar Cawar do* 

not croft 1 he 1 names, but trie river Mcdway, which etfiptriaf 
itfelf into the other 15 called by its name. Dr. Owen of at 
Olive's Hart ftWct, maintain! the fame fuppofibofl, in a if. 
lertatiorl on Che time employed in Cxfar'i c*o expedition! taco 
Britain. Both thrfe irtiofei are 1 learned and ingenioua. 

The xatrt number preterits us with a copy o* a draught oc* 
proclamation in 15631 re taring ro periora making portraits *' 
Queen Klrubeth , communicated by Sir Joieph AyiohTc, Bja. 
U U a ft range and remarkable edicl, declaring that her Maje*r 
being overcome by the continual requefta of tier nobility, lad 
fcntcd that fate anrxi furfin mtU tbwtfm flaoulJ iliorily nasi* 
a portrait of her perron or vffage, and in the trsean time Joibsd- 
dinz all pcrfons from any attempt of this nature. 

This notable procUuwtfon 11 followed by a dificrtatio* 
fee Crane, an a did) ferved up at great tables ;n England j 
Mr. Pfg^e '■ tit this birxl is now become an utter r ranger n> 
our country. Immediately after Ibis paper, we have a ear* 
rinus rr!.;tion of a Roman fepulclirc found near York in 176I; 
byjobn Burton, M D. 1 his pentJeman has alto JtnuaW 
the next Dumber, which iives an account of ibnac R«mnB> 
tiquities discovered in Yorklbite, 1770. 

The old wall &t Vcrc'lain is well north attention ; a dtscrif- 
ti in <rf it is here lard before us by Mr. Webflwr, In a letter * 
iiifhop Lytt!cten ; irs which, among other ibiugi, the Room 
bricks are mm parol with the modern, a companion wr»cnoar 
Readers will conclude proves greatly to the drtadvantastcoc' tat 
latter: Mr.Wcb'fter, havl jiird foinccxpcnrnentswfcc* 

lie had made, adds, * "I his ttiew? how nrncti the porotn bricks 
Id neon us, uui confequcflUy ut bow sraeb Mi fir- 

>J durability. This account, when frrioufty confides cd, 
itfotds bur a rnrlancholy profp-vl ro thofr who ttt expending 
tail fums of money in new buildings, *h*n they reflet upon 
the badrfef* of thb princijKi! article, which, in a few tears, muft 
icntly moulder away into irs o-irina! rubbifla. 
The 39th article .< ugb's coaijectarta on 

tn ancient tomb rn the cathedral of Sslsfbury. I his tomb, 
petal in Rattan and Saxon capitals round 
its edge, Mr.Oougft im-gines to be the feoond oldeft monu- 
ment «n the church, and crC&ed to the memory of Roger, the 
tfcird Bifhop of Salifli iry, alter thr removal of the fee from 
Sbertom to DM Samm. *I h-1 Prelate was a Mmplc mift orteft 
forth, in the fohutbt e>f Caen, where Henry I. chanced 
with his olBccri to perform his devotions. The dif- 
viih which Roger vrent through the orXccs was his re- 
uramenJiticn at a proper chaplain for etc troops, and he 
i >i In frith Henry's crdcr, between jell and carnell, 
n. He was promoted jftcrwatdj to all the higheft 
OaVcs of the ftatc, and was no:cd for his rruninccncej but he. 
liVrd to fee? a reverfr of fort one, when he facrificcd the intr refts 
of id patron * Facnily, and took part with King Stephen. 

VTe next meet with a pretty accoiHrt of an illuminated rna- 

oafrnpt in the library at Corpus Chtifli College, Cambridge i 

Tyfun. The book, which h written od rrllom, is a 

P'rench trinflatimi of Cardinal Borravtrrttira'a Jifeof Chnlt, by 

Itfcn Galoots, Dean of the collegiate church of Salfoyc in 

ndy. The illumination rsprefents the Translator pre- 

work toHctuy V. who receive* him on his thror.c 

* t*L 

Remark* on Mr. Wilpolc'i hiftoxic doubts on the life and 

topi of King Richard the Third, hy R. Matters, B.I), form 

g and fcnfiolc article; in which the ingenious Writer en- 

ftvcw how Iktie foundation there is for fome of 

.i!f*s!c': fur mite*, 

Att. p. Observations on a Grtck inferiptron on a marbfe 

Irnaght from Athens ; by Daniel Wray, Kfcp Thia inferiprion 

ly a Ifft of Greek name*, bcin^ no way useful for <t- 

if hiflor) or chrdnolo^y, or illustrating anrirnt 

bnw. However, the mannrr cf wfti*g 9 Mr. Wray thinks 

: to rxcir . , as the termirutio.ay are rather p«* 

(tat letters of the mo'l ancient form, and fome not to 

be found on any marble, chough fuflicicntly warranted en 

■/coin , } ;iT*ge?t of ancient wntcri. Tr« A 1 h >r dif- 

i! t!»c reflections he makei 00 
dfcinf • % 

Lint of certain Tartarian antiquities is very avicfingi 
ft ii contained in a letter Jiom Paul DcmidofTj Efq-, at Pe^cs<- 
Ktv. Oa 1773' S \sut^> 

i$% Jubntotogla i cr 9 Mifallantous Trails relating to Antiqnitj* 

burgh, to Mr. Peter Collinfon, dated Sept. 17, 1764. Tbc 
Ruffians in effecting a practicable road to China, difcovcreiUa- 
Utitude 50 North, between the rivers Irtilh and QbaleA, »oe- 
fert of a very confiderable extent, overfpread in many parts with 
Tumuli, or Barrows, which have been alfo taken noiice.of by 
Mr. Bell and other writers. Thisdefcrt conftitutes the fbutbern 
boundary of Siberia. It is faid that the borderers on tbc deifr* 
have, for many years, continued to dig for the treafuie depo- 
fited in thefe tumuli, which foil however remain unexhaufted. 
We are told that they find confiderable quantities of gold, film, 
and brafs, and forr.e precious (tones, among the afher, and re- 
mains of the dead bodies j alfo hilts of fwords, armour, oraft- 
ments for faddlcs and bridles, and other trappings, with the 
bones of thofc animals to which th» trappings belonged, among 
which are the bones of elephants. ' The Ruffian court, fays 
Mr. DcmidofT, being informed of thefe depredations, fent a 
principal officer, with fufficient troops, to open fuch> of thefe 
tumuli, as were too large for the marauding parties to under- 
take, and to fecure their contents. This officer, on taking a 
furvey of the numberlefs monuments of the dead fpread ojtf 
this great defert, concluded that .the barrow of the JargeftcS? 
mentions moil probably contained the remains of the prince or 
chief: and he was not miftaken; for, after removing away 
deep covering of earth and {tones, the workmen came to three 
vaults, conflruclcd of flones, of rude work manfhip; a view*/ 
which is exhibited in the engraving. That wherein tbc prince 
was depofited, which was in the centre, and the largeft of At 
three, was eality diltinguiihed by the fword, fpear, bow, quiver, 
and arrow, which lay befide him. In the vault beyond nun. 
towards which his feet lay, were his horfe, bridle, faddle.aoi 
flirrups. The body of the prince lay in a reclining pofturey ejt 
a fhect of pure gold, extending from head to foor> and another 
ihect of gold, of the like dimenfions, was fpread over him. He 
•was wrapt in a rich mantle, bordered with gold, and flndw 
with rubies aad emeralds* His head, neck, breaft, and arm* 
naked, and without any ornament. Iu the letter vault lay the 
princefs r diftinguifhed by her female ornaments. She waft 

filaced reclining againft the wall, with a gold chain of many 
inks, fet with rubies, round her neck, and gold bracelets row 
her arms. The head, bread, and arms were naked. Tb* 
body was covered with a rich robe, but without any border tf 
gold or jewels, and was laid on a meet of fine gold, and ce+ 
vcred over with another. The four flieets of gold weigbel 
40 lb. The robes of both looked fair and complete; but it 
touching, crumbled into d aft. Many more of the tumuli we* 
•pened, but this was the moil remarkable, la -the others I 


jfr(lM*bji*i *r $ Iftfaitow*! TrtOi sv.Wr/ n /fat'fi/Jty. 259 

great variety of curium articles were found, the princfj»f 0/ 
tonrcft air «xlut>i(c4i in the Plato,' 

•1 ha* a romantic air, and wrou'd feem 
nt^hly improbable from that rjde part of the world, Due there 
cats be no doubt of the rcracitj- of thofe gentlemen by whom it 
w deli. the numerous tumuli fprcsd About tbj* 

plain arc probably the buryirg places of ancient hcrocv irh> 
an hwlc, but I oa what occafions the bauka 

norc uncertain. Mr. Hell is faid to hive been, 
•old hjr fume 1 .ir:j* that Tamerlane had many engagement* la 
*tf country with the Calrauc Tartar*, whom he attempted ta 
> aim 
in Rcm&o'.d Forftcr presents or, in the i'uccecdiog 
vtitJc, with Tome obfcnation* ou the fc Tartarian antiquities* 
which difcover his diligence and his knowlcg^ 1 fub- 

jet"b. VVc (hall confine ourJrlyea to what he haa faid con- 
caning the prince and princeu whofc bodies were found ia 
tat vaults above- mentioned. ' OV-r^ws-A^wn, faya he, wa* 
tte founJer of a very large empire, which, under the govern- 
ment of KaMar- Khan, alter the conduct! of the fouthcrn part* 
of China, comprehended almuft all Afu. The plunder of 
the whole £ait mutt necdTarily increaie the wealth and richc* 
• people, i'o that wc hsvc no reafon to be fuxprircd ac 
fading fnch plenty of gold and filver In their grave*. But very 
early after the time of Kublal-Khan, who died in the rear 
1394, the different prince J of the pofterisy of Genghix-^han 
"i (Ac rcmoieft part) of his dominion*, began to affurae indeptn* 
I and from this epoch 1 date the decline or" the. 

power ana riches of the Monnuh To thia alfo the civil *arara\ 
contributed; fo that in the lime of Amir-Umur-kl) 
ttonly known b> the name at TamcrJan, who rejgncd from) 

51434, all thofe paty Kiwi: j, excepting the Emperor 
■ 1 weakened, thai none trf could refill 
(lie poi uj prince. I qu makes me believe tbat tho 

1 -.. place the year » 1294 and 

1404-, while tnc remains of trie booty of Afia, and a part of 
Europe, were jet in the baud* of tbofc piincca, and the/ wctd 
fetomc independent." 
Mr. FvrlUr pio\e<d> to enquire f o-n whence thefc people 

tted fucn in fo gnod n talte. 

Come icaibri for ackuov, .hat, tU. u. ; ;i the JcTuiea 

en fnch an acounr of Chin; make one boliavti 

all the arts and sciences in 

•MP the carlicft times, he could never 

limielf to admit the truth or* theic accounts. 4 Un- 

•, fays he, acquainted with the am MX<1 

%-cty ofteo obferved, that tUe Cnvcttte* 
kdh tbtk pan . flies* a very ifl gi'_: ajid (cn'sVc ypr 

[*« in 

niitt, without BiJ spirit , in J that <bc utmoft ire may allow to* 
them t«, that they .ire inrfurtrioMj and re ry good imitator*.— 
Nay, I am perfuaJcd that any other ingciiJov* and fpiritcd na- 
tion, with the a<*r antage of fitrh a happy donate, lururiancy 
;nd affluence of all ulcful pToductxms, would hare 
brought the art* and f< II Ightf perfection, with 

the lame encouragement and under the fame government. Ob 
thia account I cannot believe that the Chintfc were the nation 
who tiMht the Mongol?, in theft early time*, to execute fuea 
*>rnamcnt* as we find in thefe grave*. Since the arts 
and fcif nee* begin to frtead over Europe, the nation* who in- 
habit it have excelled all the reft of the world in learning and 
works of tafte and geniii«. Friar RubriieiuK informs in, that 
be met at the court of Mangu-khan, IKiUxGrn ]i*uther % a native 
of Paris, whu was £uldfiniih totbi Khan, arid executed 
Ornaments and pi<ees of work in a very maftcrly manner; 
Which account he was not only decerned, but alto very libe- 
rally rewarded by the Khan. A young Ruffian architect like- 
wife found much employment and encouragement among the 
Mongult. A few yean before this, Ftfar Carpini wa^ reli 
by Cofma*, a Ruffian goldfmrth, who made the iirpcrial th 
and fail, Theft* few examples are the (trongrfr arguments 
that China (whereof the northern pirts were already fubjcfl to 

ju*klian) and .»FI the Eaft, had no flcilful srtift* ; and that 
the MoneuU muft thercfo:e have hnd Ihem from Europe; 

the European* were the matters and firil teacher* both 
the Mongiif * and Chlnefe.' 

Mr. Forfter fmifcSe? hi* dirTcrtation with an account of th 
rfirTerent funeral ceremonfe i of thefe nation i, which he ha* per 

re more fully qualified to illuRrattf 
ies: an«i accordingly hr acquaint* us thit he in- 
tends to publilh an I account of the Khalmtaclcs, tbeif 
reJic^lon, literature, iud manners. He inform* us of rl 
ferent rncthodt of funeral* which prevail amort;; then* ; and* 
fpraking of the lower people, he fay*, tht ftortr firt art drtmxf. 
Mr. Forfter it not in Knglifhma.n, but furek the Editor of isefe 
papers might have corrected what h here w4 of drtvmn^ oW 

Cjorernor Pownall, >a hi* dtfctiption of the fc^ulcbraj ra> 
niimrnt at New Ctrange, near Droghttta, in Ireland, lays be- 
fore ui farther renurk* on thefe tumuli or harrow* in Tanarfi 
and add* fotnc is cximnuntcated to him from gentle- 

men who hire been in thefe p*rt*,aBd refided there fornc 
He refers them to a much higher aiuiqair) than Mr. Forucr 
feerm to allow; mppoftlng, on the tefliroonyof Hcrodot > 
they arc Scythian tepulcbrei : at the fame time he acknowledge* 
tbarfcmc truy be of a>tt»tch\atei 6*tt, v\i therefore both the'r 





Ankmiqh; w, JMtfrtHawm Trafls rthtir^ ft fiti§*Ttf\ 

*unje<turea may Lc true. To obviate the furprite which the 
Anamination may bt Aruck With from tbtqiunj ty ol gold (aid 
ro be found in tbefc pliers, he refcas alio to Ifeindotui, who 
fpeaks of eke Scythians a* placing cups of jrsWm the royal. fe. 
hies, and DMAUOM litver and brafa as hoc u cd among 
tfacm : befiJci which the Governor adds, from, a memoir com- 
municated to him by Xlonf. dc Stchlin, councilor ol Hate, and 
focretary to the Academy of Science* at Pcicrfburgb, * thai 
among the Mongul Tartar* there were Hord;, callcJ ihc loJo- 
taja Hoids, or Hofdft of GJJ, fioin the abundance of that 
metal, and o;hcr riches found amongrt tftcm.* 

Gorcrnoe Pownall's dilTcruticn la very !on£, irnfiMe, and 
learned ; he introduces hi* remarks on the fepulchre at New 
Grange, by a drgrcflion rclpcciing the iuhibitauts of tl ■ L.i- 
ropean pant of our globe* and the migrations of the COlojD 
which lupcrfeded or uiicrnaixcd wi;h them : but hi* ingenious 
account M too long for a* to inicfl m abridge : the barrow 
eh occafioned hit dilTcrtaticn fi a pyramid ol &\ nc, com- 
piled of pebble or exilic ft one?, fuch as arc cotnmi nly ufcJ in 
pATinf : the (olid contents; of tUi- pile arc faid to amount to 
cue .i-judrcd and tight) -nine thouland tons weight of ftonc. 
* What conceptions then, fay* Governor Pownall, mult wt 
hare of the cxpciicc of labout and time, and of the number of 
hand* uccciur? to fuch 2 worlt, when we understand that thefr* 
Hones mult have been brought hither mt Jcfs than twelve or 
fourteen miles from ihc fe* coal*!, ji the mouth of the Boyne ? 
Sana materials lie there j but J am allured, by gentlemen wh* 
know the country where tbra monument is erected, that there 
are no fuch Itoncs as it u compofed of to be found within land.' 
The pyramid, 111 ila prdent flace, is but a ruin of what it was, 
i: baring long fcrved as a Anne quarry to the country round 
ahouju Tosty feet within the body of the pile, when it was ia 
its perfect ftatc, was concealed the rnouih of the gallery iead- 
iog to a polygon or octagon, in which were found Hone bafoits, 
probably intended to receive the aihci of the dead. On a flat 
irone in ihc cemetery enc attea ivi i i\ 1 01 overed fome 
rsutk> which he thought tu be trace* of letters; be had them 
accurately copied } but, after a careful examination, none whom 
be has consulted can form a gurls wha: the characters arc; 
ho; himfelf to conjecture that the inferiptioa 

i< PhornUian, and contains only numerals: he farther fuppoic* 
that there nuy have beer, c this barrow was creeled. 

Came marine or naval monument crclU-J at the mouth of ihc 
hy fome ol the eatUrn people 10 whom the port* «f lre> 
iaaJ s»crc well known, and that this monument haying fallen 
ruin, thefc ruins were collected among the rclt uf the fhore 
S 3 ftuam. 

a6t Archoeokgia *, or, Mifitllaneoui Trafls relating to Antiquity* 

{tones with which this barrow was conftru&ed, and fo were in*. * 
termixed -and became part of it. 

The 36th article prefents us with a fuccinft and authentic 
narrative of the battle of Chefterfield, A. D. 1266, in the reign 
of King Henry III. by Mr. Pegge. The 37th contains a rela- 
tion of a Roman pavement, found at Colchefter, with wheal 
underneath it : by Dr. Griffith, and communicated by Edward 
King, Efq. An account of this curiofity has appeared in fomer*. 
of the periodical papers. The following number confifts of ob«? 
fcrvations on fepulchral monuments, in a letter from Mr. Le« 
thieullier to James Weft, Efq. It is ingenious and amufing s 
the Author propofes fome directions, by following which it 
may, with fome probability at leaft, be difcoverrd to what fa- 
mily the monument belongs though the infer iption on it has 
been defaced. 

The next article is of a very confiderable length : it was 
drawn up by Francis Maferes, Efq; and is intituled, A View 
of the ancient Conftitution of the Englifh Parliament. Thii . 
has given rife to a difTertatton, written by Charles Mcllifh, Efq* 
in Which, though he acknowledges be has received great infor* ■ 
mation from the many ingenious remarks which Mr. Maferet ; 
has made, he cxprcfles fome doubts concerning particular doc- 
trines that gentleman has advanced, and proceeds freely, but 
with candour and politcncfs, to examine and difcufs them. 

Number 41 of this volume gives a relation of Druidical re« 
mains in or near the parifh of Halifax in Yorkfhire, which wert. 
di (covered and explained by the Rev. John Watfon, M. A. 
F. S. A. The rocking {tone, fituatcd on Golcar hill, feems 
the moft remarkable of thefc remains : it gives the name of 
Hole Jlone Moor to the adjoining grounds : it is about ten fetti 
and half in length, nine feet four or five inches broad, and fivr 
feet three inches thick. Ifrefts on fo (mall a center, that at 
one particular point, a man may caufe it to rock, though it . 
has been damaged a little in this refpeA by fome mafons, whe> 
endeavoured to difcover the principle on which fo large ■% •-• 
weight was made to move. 

1 here are fome other curious particulars in this article 1 but 
we proceed to mention the 42c! and laft, which is an extract of 
? letter from the Rev. 'Mr. Bentham, of Ely, concerning cer- 
tain difcoveries in Ely Mi niter 5 for farther particulars of which/. 
we mud leave our Readers to confult the volume itfelf. W« 
fiave only room to add, that the number of copper-plates U 
this publication aie 23, and that they contribute greatly to the 
perfpicui'.T, the beauty, and the entertainment afforded by tbi|i 
collcdiQn T ' r. 

< . Aft*' 

r »3 i 

WO. J FSafaxtr**; P9tm /■-«■. . ^^ 

'•/•./. !.*:(:• n David Mi- 

t , n ri* Majclly'j Univcrt'ty at Got tin gen, to Sir 

Jaba rVwglc. B<irt. e occurring tkc iJtxnj Weeks of P. 
tfro. 5 a. feud. Caiiell. i 

THIS celebrated piediftton, in t he ninth cfapterof Daniel, 
v. 2+ 27, hae frequently employed the though: 

aeni of the learned; much [kill and erudition have been diT- 
playcd in illurrrattng it, and, on the whole, the eventt, to 
*hich its different pa«U have been applied, hit* appeared to ac- 
cord rery well with tktc prophecy. notwithstanding the 
<vi£*acc anting froai hence in iiisour of revelation, on the 
common hucrprckttion, thoughtful and enquiring perfonc hare 
bfenvery feniibie of the difficulties and ol>j*£tions ItMndli 
«d bare ufcd great diligence in endeavouring to remove them. 
Taefe difficultly have led Dr, MtcJiaetui to conclude, either 
iaat the text is corrupted, or that xhn prophecy, wnicfi bn 
breg cftcemed one /TAif Au/twur 4 of the Chriftian rcl 
fair where he fhould be molt appn-herrfivc or hi being urtrfer- 
«i»t There are two thine* which, in hi* view, render the 
Ctpfccation generally received ainong Chriftians fufpicious : the 
oae U the little attention which he thinks ha* been giren to a 
critical examination of the words; the other, the neglect ot 
drfcrent readings, which, on a careful. collation, appear to be 
euny, t and what, he aids, is a very principal confulcration, 
tAcnumuerj tracrafelvea ate changed. Now, firw he, can any 
taioj ee thought more rati, or more remote from anyexpec- 
uutli, than an attempt to explain a paf- 
*a»e of this kind, hefore tfte various readings hare been earr- 
Wly examined ? The interpretation depend* wholly on the 
JMofttri, of which the 24th, 25th, and 26th vcrfei are full; 
bit rraafcribcr* more frecuentU err in their accounts of num- 
em-shan in any thing elfc ; add to which, that the whole book 
4 Daniel n attcnoVd with various readings, and is come down 
^ ua no* ro carefully copied as other parts of the facrcd vo- 
%emej on which account* whoever wmilrf inter prer ir > nuift 
either confide r it critically or mult fall into errors, unlets bo 
AouU jtid^e it hetirr to defift from thceflay.' 

took objections fltcainlt the prcfent veifion of thia pro- 
9*ccy, our learned Critic adds foruc others : one of lei's, though 
<rf feme inomenr, be thinks is, that wc do not appear to have 
<a is » predidioo ibJaiciefttly adapted to the prayer which Da- 
ne! kad juft onSrrcd. He had fupplicated in favour of his city 
aa4 ho people, chat the Utter might be rcftored to their coun- 
i: fi lad tlut tac lojoKr might be rebuilt : be roccivca an an- 



^64 Michaelis on the Seventy Weeks of Daniel 

fwcr concerning the Meffiab, whom be had not once mffltioaa^ 
i» his prayer. Dr. Michaelis properly obfervea that it canja>{ 
be any way furprifing to And fomething laid of the MeAaavtn 
this celeftial meflagc ; but if any particular deftined period.' b( 
ages was foretold to the prophet after he had been prayingln 
t*tu|f of his own people and nation, it fcems moft natmrtl, 

* be thinks, to conclude that the reply would not have been 
confined to a period which fhould end either with the advene or 
the death of the Meffiah, but would have fixed on one that 
fhould terminate in fome more Ggnal fate of the Jewifh people, 
city, and temple ; poflibly in their utter deftru&ion ; whereat, 
according to the common verfion and interpretation of this pre- 
diction, Jerusalem was not deftroyed till long after the expira- 
tion of the LXX weeks, the term here deftined. 

We think there is truth and weight in this ebfervatioo, 
though every perfon acquainted witb thefe fubjeds will allow 
that a more certain account of the time determined for the. ad- 
vent of the Median, the great deliverer fo earnefUy expe&eifrby. 

* the Jews, was likely to afford fatisfaeUon to the mind of thai 
prophet, and might be regarded as (ome anfwer to his pray**, 
notwithitanding his not having qxprefsly made this a part o| 
his petitions. 

The time alfo on which molt commentators have fixed far 
the commencement of the Seventy weeks is a very capital abjec- 
tion, with our ingenious Author, to the interpretation they 
have given : Qnce they generally fix this time, not from the 
delivery of the oracle, nor from the return of the Jews into, 
Paleftine, or from the edi& of Cyrus ; but, becaufe it beft coav 
ports with their bypothefu, from the twentieth year of Aatsx- 
erxes Longimanus, which Daniel, who was directed to makaa 
computation, did not live to fee : proceeding in an inverted 
order, they firft determine that the feventy weeks were ind& 

rutably to expire, not at the feafon when Jerufalem was taken, 
ut when Chrift was crucified. From this period, add* oar 
Critic, thus arbitrarily chofen, they reckon backward, in order 
to find the 490th year, and there they begin the feventy weeks; 
on which, exulting in their fuccefs, they employ this predic- 
tion to convince the Jews, and other oppofers of reveaiediaV 
Jig ion. , " •*£ 

PoGibly M. Michaelis is rather too free, and (c%trc 9 in. tie 
accufaiions he brings agai'nlt his fcl low- labourers in thur field ©i 
knowlege ; many of whom, whatever may have been tbeirjaaf 
takes, haye manifefUd great; acutenefa and learning in eodea> 
VouriAg'toillufUate this paiTage; although it miift be own** 
the track which he has chofen bids much fairer for ,cobda3sn| 
us to,, the. truth.. Ho: hat,, with great care and diligence, aaV 
inwiirf.thpfe^ajaurVipJS.axwL'vtxfions. which he could obta^ 

"''' ' ' '" ■*" " >S 

MfchiciU n tit Swsty Huh *f Dww/>. 


nod hopes that, by the right of forne others he iluli hercafc*- 
be aMc more (wily to elucidate the poilJ^e. ScflM cxtra&a 
which Sir John Pr»ng)e procured for bi 

together with a ro; in the poflfttiioo of the Landgme of 
JUfTe, appear (o have been of prim e in cwrripleatiny 

kU new tranllition. He critical!) conliden each member of the 
yciJca in qucftktn, and ofi'cr* fcveral obieivutions on them : 
arr.oog others which aie very material, that of computing the 
focnty week* by Uwarjtars is not the Icaft ; though othci cri- 
tic* hive proposed the lame mcrhod or' computation beroi 
crueiii. In the 15th vcii= inllcad ot J~4ptex.\ < been 

the more general reading, following the ffeflian volume, h» 
infcrtt ffpt*d{inia y which prccucei a great alteration in *]ic 
prophecy : hut wc will Uy before our Readers (he whole of hi* 
tcruon : 

&epU*fixto ttii bt^Jwadct prtnistwOter^ nrij /#uVf n/ tm* ft- 
k$i H p**jp***> fmbw tf> idetorrias crime** p*nm // pr*ftaht 
^faiu, fmnfkiu $fft Jtfm rcMit piciut mtetawptt pro- 

vetiemta ftrtmiig !mpUb\ixtur y evemuf*4 tJtfgmoh/tttur di/X* 
pn pk tt srum % rectum ptputi petfmttentium* tMputxfic inui/[krat:- 
ttr M4//f «r. //** <»tf/a> a( ftotWMmm £t$k* ttdturttttti fciof 
Mmrra tUti tl iettc Mflii*x*t tret texrptrurn ptritdttj ah <e*/u> 

iifea*d* H\ersf%bfma oraevli p.' em;, fe ^iuw 

•m [Titutn \';*i('*U-oumJ fit** I'uraamj 

hptumri^u hl&muhtm: [Secundum] & r*m.* 

[ Irrtram) LXiJ. cnxewm. Aiiiuiahtiur esUmHitrtjttjma, pre- 
mt mvici wer#w t f&tnrfr */ win* muni&uJfUf tint!*. Sutcr- 
dtm$ autem iienem eetmU/o //^J»fl, /up furrum yfaw, tump* f+fi 
*'J*x, f**i jfisa't LXIL anrw % ^.l/tjus ixUeiittm rtUu *Jfeut % ju- 
hci*m?ut hoMii* atfuc i/jfr, tutn iirferatw v/ffrara, *t**rx ft 

For the fitisfactem of the mere EngliuS Reader we fluli add 

tunftafcon 01 the above p*rag.-*(ih : 
Sri**: j IS reii ofkappinefs and prefperity art ptctxi/U ts tl 

y artci *£tit* t J*rmg which /*/ pttpU /Mi f *.<+$fati 

fmmit* crimt •/ ids*'- ' -.t) ySW*' fit *j^*' r pitty ur^d 

fnktysfmeuiurtj&iit ritum^ tee ptapbniei of J<rtm*uJbe>Sli* f*i- 
>&:>', wuJ tit Jeth' ■ pottt pree*jfi#g tin rtfi9r*n*\4j 

the p**fi'» A»'V i^/ tttujlti iy th, .i //./ lempUjh&ii It 

. mtre fulS) Q*a 
m^mimtjld With tttft, rair&tr to (iy/'*/ e*J .«.///>./> Jsflitf 
tm£ thru pcrhdx ef lr«v, fnm the pr*mvli*ii** »f tlu prapoetj, 
I'w/rniwg tin re-attiftttfiau tf'Jirujvltex % ctm unit tb* Mfjjiaband 
0« tempers . Velpili^nJ : [The f\ti\] Srtvntj I 

(The focondj Scztntyytart % [ The third] SUtj'tuet jmirv. J*- 
nfiJem fhedl it rebuilt) firfl in tf?e rnoxnsr tf a fl T tit t then as o 
fmxfmd city tntsmptfid wtib mitt, Bui talonutiui timet Jnall 


*6$ Michaelis on the Seventy Weeh of Daniel. 

again futceedj at the end of which, namely after the Jixty-tu* jecrt 
which 7 have mentioned, AfeJJiab Jhak bring en deflrnQ'ten^ . and - 
JbaU exercife judgment, and be, with the Emperor^ wbe it abent t» ■ : 
4onu 9 JbaU evert brow the city and the fanSluarj* - •- 

We {hall add to the above a translation of fome general «e* 
marks on thefe' verfes, which -we find in the fecond lettec 
Speaking of the feventy weeks in the Tuft part of the prediction, , 
it is obfervcd, * thefe are 490 lunar years, 474 or 475 folar 
ones, which flowed from the fir ft publication of the oracle to * 
the year of the world 3941, during which period the Jewifh at 
fairs were in an improving Hate, the city and temple being re- 
stored, the people 'living comfortably under the Perfians, and * 
keeping free from idolatry ; afterwards they gained favour with 
Alexander and moft of his fucceflbrs, and when the Syrians 
began to moleft them, after fome victories, they recovered their 
rights : the year 3941 was the conclufion of this profperous 
Irate, for in this year Jerusalem was taken by Pompey, and 
the people became fubjeel to the hard and perpetual dominion 
ipf the Romans/ 

After thefe reflections on the feventy weeh, it is only reqw- ' 
Cite to take notice of the obfervaiions on the two latter of the 
three periods mentioned in the farther part of this prophecy; 
'■The fecond period is faid to be feventy years \ ■ That is, 67 or 
■68 folar years, reaching (according to Ufher) to the year 4009, 
in which year Judea was reduced into the form of a province* 
and the hi it cenfus was made under Sfuirintnt* 

The third period is fixty-two years, * That is, 60 foJfcr 
years, extending to the year 4069, or of Chrift 66, on the con- 
clufion of which year the Jewifh war immediately commenced, 
•in which the Metiiah, -employing the arms of Vefpafian and the 
Romans, utterly deftroyei the Jewifti city and temple, over- 
turned their facred things and the whole commonwealth.* 

The latter part of the prediction our Author leaves in an hd- 
•perfecl Hate; wc (hall infert it as it appears -in his work— - 

'Fejltnabitur autem hujus belli fnis y et fepte*' 

mium. Ni/jns jeptennii medio definent facrificia, et fuptr tempbm 

veniet vajiatsr et But the end of ' 

.this war JbaU be hafitned, and . /even years, f* 

•the midji of the f even years the facrifices Jltall ceofr, and the deflropr l 
ybalicome npon the temple and .......... uj u 

On thele imperfedt fentences we have the following Untt'iW 1 
marks; * Jerufalem was attacked with an incredible fury, anil 
•fpeedily taken, even beyond the hope of Tiius Vefpafian. Tfca"' 
*war laftcd feven years,* and in the month of July, A. D. 7Jf nl 
the facrifices failed bsczufc the befieged rould not be fupphW' 
with victims.* 

... .*Sfc* 

Orr*! &MMfe % tf 

We bare thus hid before our Readers i fhert view of this 
tee's explication of the prophecv : hi* labour* 
Ur* been well employed, and lib work ccrcatnir merits a care- 
hi attention : he hopes to be able hinUc ova it, par- 

tcastrly by means of the Septuagint vetfion of Daniel, now 
rw trorn a manukrint it Rom-, and :hit he may ofcnia 
tther afii.iancc for this purpofe. He doe* not confidently pro- 
joJr h'u interpretation ai undoubtedly terum ; ml En regard 

Kibe latter part of the paragraph, he thinks it no diflionour 
acknowledge hil ignorance, though he irulis that a farther 
critical enquiry may throw grocer light on it. 

. Sfrmtmt tf the kit Kevtrtaf Jd't Orr. J). D. Archil 
of Fern*, FrepareJ for Oft tWi by the Author. Svo, 

Wi. Boards. Cadeil. 
HE preface to thefc Toltimet, datr-.l in October 1765, 
fhtwi that the di.'courlc* the) 1 have been Lug 

eeadr for publication, though i: wj* r«»t to take place till after 
ale of the worthy and well-known Writer. He pro- 
tein hn apprehennon iha: to add to the multitude of fcrnions 
statdy extant may carry the appearance of raihnefs and indif- 
cnticn : at the fame time he ttufh that .«uiiiUl the diffiputiun 
of the age, with the wretched coldnefs and indiri'ereiKcof many, 
at* of the worft of characters, in all matters of a fcrious iu- 
od the prejudice* of other*, there axe a few, perhaps 
n«c lhaa can catily be known, who will be ^lad to have any 
fetitiiui put into ihcir hands k that can convey any wholcfomc 
infiruaioo into their minds, and contribute to their cftab 
r»ni in good principles, or that can hcighscn iheir 

. ind quicken tin n and reJilh of virtue* 

' Fur the ufr jii * Icmic of fecb, thcieiuic, tiicfc J'ciuiuns 410 
t*>* ffiadc pLbi.c.' 

the Author adJa another. 
•it. that ai he h^d t±<cn confuierable paijM in preparing levc- 
n\td tbcfc difcou/fca ior tnc 111 -:ruci; ..0 -nd entertainment of 
£rioua and good miiWr, he did not i ! the ufe of t^cm 

IftxaJJ bi. to the (mall circle to which they were a: 11. ft 

1 ;1 ; buc was willing that all. wto aic plcalcd tu look 
juld have an> Unciu or advantage which they are 
o^abte ot affording. 

koncludm^ fcr.teree* of this preface difepver the uoaf- 
picty and integrity of ihc Writer's, heart, together with 

jpceti of futurity, v...., q the 
Jn&*c of true religion alone can unpirc anu bcuW. 

1 Ai the Author hath 1 a period of lift and flat* 

•f kealiJ.> which will not pe/pit cf hi* being much tuott v\t- 

168 Ons Sermons, 

fii!, nor probably of bis continuing much lopger in the prefect 
icene ; he thanketh God, that under increafing infirmities of 
body* and an apptehenfion of his approaching diffolution, he 
poflefleth his foul in patience and ferenity, and hath the moll 
fmcere confolation and joy, from a reflection on his haring 
laboured for by far the greater part of his life, with at leafi aa 
honed zeal and affiduity, in the fervice of religion, fie can- 
not, indeed, flatter himfcelf with the thoughts of having been 
actually the author of rnucb good, by all his pains in3 iilir 
gence -, but of a hearty good will to the beft of caufes, and of 
well-meant endeavours to have ferved and promoted it, he if 
fully confeious. And upon this foundation, notwitbftandiof . 
bis defects and failings, of which he is very .fenfibjc, and whicj 
are the matter of his unfeigned humiliation and mourning, hi 
prefumeth to look up, with an humble hope, to the fupreroc 
judge of his conduct, and arbiter of his fate ; waiting fir bi\ 
mrrrt, through J'fus Cbrift 9 unto ttrrnal lift* yfmtn.' 

The honeft and pious fpirit manifefted in the above paf&g* 
runs through the fermon9, which are rational, fenfible, am 
ingenious : they are plainly but agreeably written ; and all «f 
than have a practical tendency ; they are calculated to infer* 
the underftanding, to convince the judgment, and to fill tk 
heart with an ardent zeal for the advancement of true reUgiaa 
and virtue. The Author fometimes finds it requifite to tafaj 
notice of difputable points, bnt he feldom dwells on them loogi 
and it is evident that he is far from being a Calviniftical, of 
what in common acceptation has been ftyied an mthtim 

The confined limits of our Review, and the increafing mua? 
ber of our new publications, will not admit of many or Sng ex- 
tracts from thefe fermons, however valuable we may deem in cm. 
A few paflages, neverthelefs, may be felected ; from whence our 
Readers will be enabled to form their own judgment of the 
Doctor's manner, and the merit of his compositions. 

The fecond fermon in the firit volume is entitled for (nuGnd 
ef Man, from Ecclcf. ii. 3. It concludes with the following 
reflections : 

* From all that has been faid, I think it is abundantly plain,. 
what fhould be the principal care and buftnefs of mankind, cm 
the rarfing all virtuous or morally good affections in their horn, £ 
and the exerting them in a conflant courfe of all piety, juflicc, 
and humanity. This is what our conscience, the higheft prin- 
ciple in our nature, above all things approves and rceoin.menc», 
and what our reafon and experience afliire us rs the moft eftc- 
tual means of promoting our greateft happinefs. This there- 
fore it may be iufily expected will be the thing, in which* we 

will chiefly employ ourfelvot. It is certain we cannot do onVr- 


wifp without violating the law of cwr itottrrt, and aclfng the 

I tidcnt and lr.rxcufablc part /£■*/ rati Jr. The cundoel 

i exceedingly confetnpllWe, how much foever 

many be difpoftd to think otherw:fc, who infiead of makirtjrit 

; main concern to improve in them felvei thofc liifpofit'Ofw, 
which arc the true excellency and happmef* of their nature, 
pre them (elves up to UIIcncG, or the purfu'rts of trifling amufe- 
ments and dtverflonc, which ire of no worth and u<e ro them, 
tut fcrrr only to nafic their time, which might be laid out to 
tery vaJuihlr'purpnfrs ; orwho are fond ahorr all rhinji to be- 
eceoc remarkable for thofe qualities and way* of living which 
the wot' polite and fafli unable, though every man of 

common reflection may foon fee that they have but linJe con* 

ion with the things which are really love!;, mrahlcj 

ard that the plealure which they afford is very fanuttical ana 

perhaps who are wholb intent on heaping up 

or acquiring fame, power, and grandeur in the world, 

with a dctign to employ thefc advmrajes in promoting tlw 

honour of Cr*l .'-nil the h'ppi.irf( of mankind, bi:t merely to 

y their defire of poJIHKng them j all thei- purf<ai;s are very 

cirTrrer.t from the great end and bufinefs of life, and men hy 

p>in£ into them fhew £rcat inadvertence and wcaknefj, and 

i and <o: i a!, and find 

in the conelufvofi that they hai-e not corfulted :heir own hap- 

•£$ fo well by them, a> they rri^ht have done by another 
courfc of aelion." The only way to difcharge the btifme^ which 
mot proper!* belong* 10 us, and c? attain to that perfection 
and happineft, which out mod gracioui Creator, by the frame 
of our nature, hai defined fcr ua, 11 to lay out our chief care 
in malting o»ir hearts and rrmpen gnod, or in the praflicc of 
ali re'i ; ^on and virtue, and to make all the other affair* in 
which we engage fubfervient to this. When we do fo we an- 
fwer the end for which we were made, ait up to the dignity of 
our beings, and lay a fure foundation fot cur enjoying the 

treated tranquilit* faction. And that we may manage 

n fucccfifully, it will be ufeful tofatisty our mind\, on 
ration*] ground!, that the improving our (rivet in rfouc La in- 
deed 1 ci pal concern, a thing of the higheft excellency 
*r.d vtmofl imrortanrr to our happrnefs. If we were fully per- 
rd of this and had a Krone fetrc of it frequently recurring 
would present our foflowii rniftakert 
course < 1 Hop us Oioit if we hive entered upon at, and 
woi e the monger) paflions and affcGiotu in our ui- 
turc in the purfutt o» virtue, and make us eariaeft and dUJjcfft 
uilly toincreafe In 
The thirteenth fermor. treicl OftbtS'MBtb, from Mctk ii. zj. 
Ceiicciouig our ob! igation to obtorc which the Preacher rastutv. 

tyo Orr'j Strmnt, 

« Excepting what was peculiar to the Jews in the inftituthalf 
we feem to be as much bound to the obfervation of it aa any 
perfons ever were. We are as much concerned, as any men 
can be fuppofed to have ever been, to fet fome time apart. Jot 
worfhipping him who made the heavens and the earth, our- 
felves, and all other things contained in them $ for contem- 
plating and adoring his perfections difcovered in his works, and 
for exprefling all that homage, duty, and obedience to him, 
which, as bis creatures* and the fubjcclsof his ttofi wife and 
righteous government, we owe to him ; and on which we may 
like wife indulge ourfelves in a ftate of cafe and freedom from our 
worldly cares and anxieties, and allow to labourers and fervant*, 
and to the cattle, a neceflary refrefhment and ceuation from bodily 
toils and drudgeries. In all this there feetas to be fametbing 
firiclly moral, which is equally obligatory on all men, and in au 
ages whatfoever. And as to devoting particularly a feventh part 
of our time to there purpofes ; it is, firft, plain that this is in ge- 
neral a very fit proportion of time to be dedicated to thefc uies, 
as we find in experience i( neither takes us too much off from 
the bufinefs and duties of common life, nor leaves too great aa 
interval for religious impreffions to wear away: it is Tikevrfia 
evident, that it is neceflary that the time which is to be fet 
apart for religious contemplation, and the worftup of God, and 
for giving relt to man and beaft, fhould be afcertained by fomfl 
competent authority, fince other wife it would never be obfervtd 
with any order and regularity: and, as it appears front the beft 
light we can have into a matter fo remote, and of fuch great 
antiquity, that a feventh day was from the beginning allotted 
to thefe ends, by him who knew bed what was moil fuitedto 
the nature and neccflitiesof men : as the fame appointment was 
renewed and continued under the law, and has been always 
obferved under the Chriftian dJfpenfation ; we may very well 
conclude that we are obliged, by an authority more than hu- 
man, to dedicate one day in every week to religious exexcifet, 
and the folcmn worihip of God, and to the giving ourielves, 
and thofe who are under our power, fome eafe and refrefhment 
after the hurry and trouble of worldly bufinefs. However, as, 
the obfervation of one day in feven, as a time of facred reft, is, 
of purely pofitive appointment, our obligation to obferve it as 
fuch muft be always underftood to be accompanied with the 
tacit exception, that the obfervation of it will interfere with np> 
moral duty, with no neceflary ad of felf-prefervatioA, nor any* 
urgent call of humanity and charity : for if it fhould interfere, 
as it fometimes may, with any of thefe, our obligation to it 
would for the time ceafc, according to the natural jfeofe. of .Que. 
own minds concerning the fubordination of all ritual -and po- 
fitive duties, to thole which are moral and in their own nature 

Orr'r Sermav. 


good, and lilcewife Uie capicf. I of tut Saviour, in this 

*rty cafe of keeping the fibbath, which we m«| wish io 

fthc NewTdlarociH. 1 

; fcrraon in the icccnd volume is entitled, N&trtl 

Jb£gM« * Prrr- MUZ/, (toot jf&* 

L From aurfe we (lull ulcct j rtiort patTaac : 

4 If our Saviour's c'ctcrminaii-jn in the text be juil, thzt 
fVTTj emf 9 tb*i rWfl h&rdand tomtd ofzl* F, 
or, 'that whoever b well mitrutted in tbe principles and - 
of natural religion, a.iJ Lath an .ilTccliuiwtc practical regard la 
ibcn, i\ pieparcd to receive h|i do&rinc, and to commence hni 
Jcj or, >9 bccKprcffcj the fame thing In another | 

golpcl, with the proof* of it fairly laid before hira, can reject 
tr, without a Jcfec) the perfuafioa of hi* mind s» to 

ihcfc truths and principles which (ho original light of ntliUfl 
icacht tbe attachment of hi* heart iu tbctxu This, it 

. *in, cannot affect thofe, who, though they may live iu 
/.'**, yet never had cither real Chrillianit), t>t 
pofed IP them. But if any man, 
an a Chrifticn country o: liberty, :i a^e of knowlcje 

and enquiry, who admits and receive* the chorines of natural 
b the gofpcl, or i'oubtt its truth, it may furcly 
hould bev dctcd byhiinfclf, whether 

"J fo» he acta centiJtently and innocently.' Whether hia 
incredulity or fcepticifra, with regard to Chtilsianjty, be rccrm- 
ciJeable with a due zeal for thofe principle* which he proteJlea 
to be! i ackuonlcdges to be of importance (ut ihc good 

conduct of life, fince the doctrines of the go/pel are plain y 
founded on tticfc piinciplea, and arc a jjreat improvement ot 
thrm, tndfttm indttd tt be wanitrf for giving thcra their full 
force and eJBcacy for rjovernin< the practice and conversation 
of lb* grutejl fart »/ manlmif And whether i ion in 

admitting the truth and divine authot n;, of the f.ofpcl, he rcalW 
owing to a want of evidence to fail I to thclc points, af- 

ter a due coolideraiicn of what has fc«n frequently advanced to 
snake them out? Of whether it may not rather proceed from 
focne latent prejudices, or at tcrit fiom indolence and inuten- 
tion, from a neglect of enquiring and ex:t h all 

in a matter of fuch high moment, mufl have fcuatthing gteatly 
Uaiocabie in it, and may be attended with vciy unhappy con- 

The few worcii, in the above paragraph, which we have put 
in Italics, appear to be but a cool manner of fpcaking on ibe 
amtoruoce ol revelation, and hardly comport* with that feat* 

iyi Orr'i Sermons, 

of its value which Dr. Orr el fe where, and frequently, exprefTes* 
Whether the explication which s after Dr. Clarke and others, 
he has given of the text in Jofin is really Its genuine fenfe, we 
fhall leave to the confideration of our Readers ; only it may 
be obferved, that the fact feems to prove this acquaintance with 
the principles and duties of natural religion not to be effir.ild 
to the reception of the gofpcl, fiuce it rriuft be fuppofed that 
numbers of thofe who embraced the Chriftian revelation were 
Very ignorant on thefe fubjects. 

The eighth fermon treats Of the Influence of the Htfy Spirit $i 
the Minds of Men (Luke xi. 13.) 'I think it plain, obferm 
this Writer, that the Chriftian religion offers the afEftance of 
the Holy Spirit to all who fincerely defire it, and are willing to 
afe and improve it for the amendment of their tempers, and 
for the good government of their lives: — As to the degree of 
fbrength with which this influence is exerted : we are not to 
conceive of its operation, as a blind violent impulfe, bearing 
down the natural powers and faculties of men, and acling and 
carrying them like machines, they know not whither. In the 
mem extraordinary converfions which are mentioned in fcripture, 
a regard was always had to the human faculties, and the natu- 
ral order of their acling ; the happy change being effected in*- 
thofe, and to whom the Spirit communicated an uncommon 
meafure of grace, by means of juft and clear notions conveyed 
into their minds, and rational motives applied to their wills 
and affections. And in the ordinary operations of the Spirit, 
this regard Is ftill more plainly preferved : for by thefe nothing 
|s done for the reformation of men, that looks any way like t . 
force on our faculties, but the whole is brought about by me- 
thods the moft confident with our nature that can be. Such 
as the railing a true fenfe of things in our minds ; giving us 
deep impreffions of the excellence of virtue, and lively appre* 
fcenlions of the love of God and Chrift ; and fixing- out atteri-* 
tion on that happinefs which the gofpel promifeth to the good 
and virtuous, and on the punifhment which it threatened x6 
the wicked and difobedicnt. By thefe methods, fo agreeable to 
the constitution of human nature, the converfioA and reforma- 
tion of men are accomplished, as muft be plain from experience, 
as well as from the doctrine of holy fcripture, which always re* 
prefents the word of God, the feveral rational principles, 'ttt& 
tives, and arguments which it contains, as the feed fown by tt*> 
Spirit in our hearts, from whence all the fruits of piety And 
righteoufnefs proceed. Thefe good fentiments and jmpreifiM ( 
which the fpint raifes % thefe lively appreheniions which he gives-'* 
us of the principles and obligations of Chriftlanity, are ft ranger'-" 
or weaker in proportion to the difficulties that we meet With fa* 
religion, and according to the nature of the particular 1 ftrrfc* 



i be c£cA«al in u< f! 
n of religion i folly 

acv : forTer them t i and decay.' 

tj 9mt&} t ft<stn Eph, \i, 18, the Author 

concerned ir. the ce >■ oitt 

j n I til llCfS, 

..bat is delivered in hun:*n 
. and cftablithcd ariic!<% he plainly pfd If to 

pen i Chrlflian, an* what i ics called, ah rvw 

;r/«tfV preacher. 

Thr imii in llih volgme. On the rm/flrr««r/ trxJ 

£*.d lry t is very fcntiMc, 

and full u: 

, . *chcd nt the ronfo iiapof 

ood one. 
The tliit*: toll 

on!) i" ii i ntior the rfi >c rltit trears n 

iJcJ a* an introtloc- 
it which follow, and which irtac on tbc 

. the two 
• lift and 

! JignityamJ honour of :hc man : l atc i witb 

. and dan^r oi whore .lom and adultery. Theft tw-j ' 
rKotjbCxd diTcouifo aic introduced by a fcparatc preface, as 
nudes of otir Saviour, 

VL f«V Elmrrti «/ 5*vr6t By John Herriet, M. A. rwa. 

V|R. Herriw, in hii introduction, in'ormi us that there 
IVl irt catifc * many obfrmtion* :*u: have not 

■•erf by any other author;' and, indeed, we a 
low bis claim to originality in many rci'pccli. For iti- 

bttrr, we brKc 'milior has advanced an oi>- 

Krvarton like tfcm, tb.i; /a fara fi fptaA ti-.-v ■ f*t *u«fl> 

a4r«am c Uro. M the paSujc lb occmifaomo 

W intended a* a fpecimen of the Author*! rhetorical power*, w« 
Care far we fball gratify him by caotin; it : 

1 Wc intend to cond" .*wg fpcalccr from lowrt 

pm of perfeciion to higher, till at lain he Ucntbfoj todifplaj, 
•j the t>< IV advantage, all tbe rid 'Mtagc, the ch.rms 

<f "ttcc, die powers o: tbc unic; Hunting, of thV : on, 

toinf thr paflion*. I3«t before ie arrives ±; i 
- Kit, Uit". 177 j, 1 b*\^i 


Hcnie* 9ft ibtEkmratt *f$p«th. 

hcit^t of excellence, there arc many ebftarlrt to iri o ort, 
dilficuhics to fuioooujic. The way» at foil, may 
and uncultivated". The craggy Keep, lite I 
damp hb courage, and rccsrd hia propiefsi but if he 
on with unremitting ardour, the hardships of hia Journey 
gradually cJiminiih. A delightful pro*'pce* will ihoceJy «peo, 
every fe ! i ( V is fwceily footbed, a new vigour animate* kis fee!* 
at bit he gain*, exulting, the long wilhed-fcr ftimm.i 
flcc*l» with plcafurc on the toils he h« paft, aod cakci \u 
tincuJlhcd fat among the hckcks of antiquity.* 

fcxclufivc of the ridiculous idea that a man. by !cixn "i 
fpeak propnly, (hall be entitled to a feat among the hrroo of 
Antiquity, this U, certainly, loote, ill- textured, turr.ic 
flimly writing. No objeclion, however, againft i 
fhculd Mite from the inelegance of the Author's compoiuion. 
Jt i* pol in eloquence, Luc on elocution, that be wnu. 
the elementary »ntl mechanical part of which hii imbiltl 
writer will by no mean* disqualify him V 

Mr. Hcrrirs is very full and fyftematic on hit fubJecV 
baa divided hit UtAtifc into two patta. The firft confifls ct 
fcven chapters : i. On the Organ* of Sprech. 2. IHultxatoa 
of the Elements of Speech and %*oeal Muflc in the Plan, 3. 
The Atphahct. 4. Cultivation of the Voice in Children. 5. 
Impediments in Speech, t>. Deaf and Dumb taught tofpcaL 
7. Origin of the fun pic founds. — Fioui this part we (hall select 
what fee ms to nromife the ereirell utility, the chapter on uU 
Cultimlou of the Voice in Children : 

• Very few fubjc£U of late ha%*c been more fruitful ef J4*ts 
than that 01' the Er.jjlirt* language, Mr. Sheridan roufed cbr 
mention to it; and Mr. Rice followed him into the fat 
which they hoch feem now ic. .\, and in have ret! 

to hi* original profeflion. The fobbed, however, has been fret 
taken up, in various form.* * aod it now appears in that of I 
*fS)ttch t Mr. Heme* has trod fo far 
mentioned gentlemen, as to give the public a : 
oratory; and it it v*ry pofTible that thefe Elements ni 
thofe lectures, revifed and corrected. We prcfumt So, beca 
turn to anfwer to ihc advcriifcmenu which we hire f'cen so 
per* ; but wc never attended his Ic&urcs i not i; 
foe known to us. fo that it is iuipoiUblc lint wc flic 
pnrj« fTcl On again It him, nor Oiould we wi "h 10 throw 1 
which might tend to dslcouiagc him a* an Author, d 
prebend that his method ol tniiriicVtag would, 1 
i*thcr fervc to incrcafc than to remove the difficulties of 1 
hit. indeed, a bold attempt in a Nc/d- Briun, to : 
pital of the kingdom, the standard of the not pronurc 

Httrios #* tit EltAittittf Spitth* 17$ 

■J TWappCf cxcitioa uf an> bodily or mrr* 

■ ;r[frtir>n .-in.! praflii r, < 

_: in a todc and I'ticaltivatel :i our 

rrinc ourfcrvrs. Nature -!>■€! u* tike Organs, 
' !. ilful performance 4JUOU t: 

mere that we know arrive* macA footicf thin nun at 
ihr prirrft clifplay Of it* pourn. The firl! fpcrjci of voice in t!tc 
iiO'iaf, st that of CRT iv 1: ; a Ungj.ige the noil tVfl£c/ a 

ic oar compajfson and prompt oar care, ft i> a cooMciablc 
(>u* before the mi;fr In 0/ the larynx arc adapted for the 1 

C, Or lll'.'i- uUf'LASGVt-!. 

er 1 hey arrive at that fine, the urmcifl ltd be 

raVen :> ^rm - irignt. Every bad habit ncy be eancr 

. the rounj»than removed in the od alt. When tbc or- 
tats are tender and flexible, they may be moulded « wc 1 : 
The mode of utterance wriicli we contract at this pe:ioi. generally 
remains *ftb in thnxga life. Children have a ftrong propenijry to 
bskue hear; for that rrafon, thofe who are employed to 

ITKh tbCTP IhouM attend to the fblIow;i.g hinti, i»te. 

• I. As all fprcci or lan^ai^c is Or cCivc pronnnclatioa 

6T the a/ticjlatc ft undi . she vowch, Julf-voi*cl>. acd afpi* 

dependent i'cutd of theirewn, let them bet 
aeh nf rhfm frpar;it*U. r'i . Irt ihe • 

en thus 

Cp x c 1 "ii i lirmament 01 h igh, 
ue ethcria! & y, 

ieni, a th in i n* fr* roe, 
i r gr cat original p r o cl a i in. 

ich of tKr^r divijiooi rjfl *'brn a 

ted. In that cafe alone fhould the child be allowed to 

■_>ncc two founds at the famo time. Infiead 01 faying r/, rs», 

, let Kim be tao?ht to utter only the limbic found* A *, 

tjusHr perfect nhen it pirate a> when conrbifxd. 

The word length, which contains only foar letmdi 1 e ng ch. b a 

1, ft ee en gee t;r aitch. Here, infl >»o*% th*r# 

'tfi than VMiRtslN found* Ulcered. Howcsn the child tma- 
*/ and r* hue each of them bot one found r Why do we 
tbe au3 of articadatjoai which are foreign 10 the void ' What 
tbtrc ("turrti the Ample found Of wr nnJ me catx'd ar- 
iKulaiioiaa of rs aed git 9 or between /* and ihi found* of ttt and 

> remedy thi* inconvenience in our mode of fptlltng. n4iiclx 

11 and enibairaflW, let the child be taught to pvoMuoco 

half. vowel and .»fpira:e entirely unconnected with, any voweL 

:e, in m let hit lips be ihue hefore any found it fccftr.1. 

let the top of the tonpwe be nrft of all applied clofe to the 

|;uin, *od then *i\\ be produced thr trtlCvifttioa elear and 

k d. In Oiort, let eiwy found e^u.cp: tlic mutes be altered ia 

ifl f. one principle depc odi all ttu ^ij* 

and \ \» of pronuriciatiyu. 

T 1 

II. /loc;hse 

*y6 Hemes on the Elements of Speech* 

' II. Another error in the mode of teaching children to read, u 
that of. directing their attention to diftinguiih the tetew -ojr jK« 
cyc^.injkad of the found of them by the ear. Hence it'sV.ssfii 
when they eaa name at firft fight every letter, and difttegniAaytfr 
form. of a from.*, p from b 9 &c. they naturally imagine tftat-fji 
are perfect in their taflc. The great impropriety 0?thjf :( inC 
will apre«r by attending to our view of the alphabet Lt^tlie.lai , 
tion, wherc/ve find feveral of the letters reprcienting various fouw 
If, therefore, the child judges by the eye, he can never be a .°¥„ 
difcover the difference; if he judges by the ear, he Can net)"" 
deceived. Why fhould he be troubled with the form of the'I* 
till once he has acquirM die souk oof them / Why fhoaidhe be raugbt 
to head before he is taught to speak. The latter can be acquired 
at a very early age ; and when once he is able to pronounce tpe 
founds, syllables, and words therafelves. he will eafily be taught ft* 
"diilinguiiii the marks by which they are reprefented in writing. ~.~. 

* ill. Another cuilom that injures the voice of children, it tnjjc 
of repeating long fpeeches or poems with rapidity and iadUttn&aeuv 
He generally who can read or recite fastest thinks himfelf the 
beft fchalar. This practice, which is eftabltfhed with a view to cul- 
tivate the memory, mufi inevitably prevent and enfeeble the simon 
of the. organs. The fimple founds, inftead of being articuia«d 
with energy and juftnefs, are all mingled in a conrus'd j argon w & 
yon wilh that your children mould one day diftinguim themfelrem* 
public fpealcers, let this pernicious habit be avoided. - Never atioir 
their fcrvants, nurfes, or companions to fpeak before them in/ a 
hurrying and imperfect manner. They will naturally imitate wtjat 
they molt frequently hear. Never Itt them* fpeak in a languid* 
jeftrain'd manner. Let the action of their jaw be free and opt*. 
Let their lips and tongue be com pre fled with energy in theirdlT- 
fcrent pontions. For, as the fingers by a con ft ant and a£Uvo> m«s> 
formance upon an instrument, acquire a readinefs and command 
which they had not before ; fo the organs of fpeecb, and efpecjatty 
the moicles of the tongue, receive a new force and facility from; the 
praGice of x jnft pronunciation. .on 

* Thus we hare propofed three obje&s to be attended to, taste 
mode of cultivating the voice in children, vnc. to pronounce path 
of the articulate founds by its own independent power; to tifitfsH 
guim.them by the ear, and imitate them by the voice, before -&£f 
are acquainted with their marks in writing ; and laiily, not *>iHt- 
jure their pronunciation by an utterance too hafty and indiftttA. 
l( thefe few rules are regarded, their roice, as they grow apj- will 
increafe in ftrcngth and harmony. They will be free from • oil. >tfmt 
weaknefs, obftruflion, and dcicft in ipeech, which are general^ 
the eonfequence of a neglect in this ufeful part of education/' J * 

We ft all not difpute with Mr. Hemes the method' hopes* 
commended $ but we apprehend that the confequences toffti(*v 
duces are by far too general, and too important for <tfe?^ 
limited premifts, one part of the precept bcin^ racreljIV 1 
tive, the other very fimplc, an J calculated for little wore 
to) Bscilitate the acouifition of reading, '. ,„•„ 

Berries *n tbi £//*rs.*j i/SfutK^ 477 

The icconJ part «i chapter*; r- 

<£kci ihe Brei'.h. ». at Voice. 3. Graceful 

idi.ioii *uJ Extent of Voice 5, Me.- 
of* the Voice. 6*. Hannr>nv of Speech. 
■ j or Propriety ofS^ccrh. o". The Pa'.hos of Speech, 
nt on tbr Mi the 

-ppeir to us to br 


ikncfurc, wc ilu'l lay Wore our Readers, rut 
k to that r.uaicrcut part of 
" -rofeflion it j r .-lie; 

trj voicr a cer or key fa nMch i**« can 

i:k tacgrcateilcscrgy aod ca.e. Wiethe iro;a (jka 

• c orgiaa, or Con ;ae po^'cr ?** c«Iti.juoc, »c and a$ 

i;j! pitei i !ia 

tber of people, even 

tie fxasr frx, c oarer* nj tr^r.krr, he will C :» et 

iJettow pieck.y that pecuiii: pitch c: roice whicii 11 mtA riAtur*! 
E»u . by she fcUoivio; method- Let aim fix 


I !: I: i in prefceve ihc . but !■- 

ile the timic*. A: Ull it will £ni : (plate much 

led Ibcnge; i~. the k n any 

Tiiic U the i' ■ t. m N*tUJC Clrz<U u> to 

tic io that tooc M'hxk it ill ! in J caTy. tu ituri, if" 

t with Co appear co adTSJliagC 1 c muft dl- 

■ ' at IchooJ. 
'heic are generally much hi &>m thaa 00/ aiUrai pitch. Our own 

But I me- 

im cf oar voice is in I 

■ 1 

en ear,!. \K'c f.uo, ilat although « linger can . fl 1 cis'Lick 

of «ufic. with •any ditfweat kayi. yet JliH 

re ii ouc whkh m*y be .r or prcdoaiinaot tone, 

it tie bh> 1 himfcl/ sad nwft agrcsaUic tu ... 

tone, whether he ficgs treble, tenor, 
'luaot his r©ice. It u th« I -*ltiog. ltnai 

elcnmr^gcc, bower, that on .:c;:-*\: li.iuJ Li.^c: or fpeakee 

.1 po»cn s. 1 .in one. 

iwmfjrinirfy thnrr 1 *^lj beluw bl« aicUauaa, iri'/j 

rni'.t ill ural md [.'-.t:"f . 

1 mot aa.'uril ana j 

* Hot iuppofc a fpt.. 

tence r The a > 

1 fo*>g. D 

;u (peak 



Yd cior 

not LV 


tyZ ■ ' Perries on the Elements ef Spied, 

notes and"*' half. Thu we {ball examine more partici4*rSy J »^[^ >< j Q] 
wards. l £uf%eit as it will, we muft grant that if a finger can excrtt J0 __ 
the moil txtmfive modulations, find yet retain his medium, a {peajur j 
may certainly exert his modulations (which are much more conftnei).^- 
with eqnal cafe. . .. " t a ; fl -i 

* From thefe arguments it is very obvious, that to naeferve jAftbiss 
medium, and to fpeak in a monotony, are very diiiiod things. Th^^, 
one has no variation of tone, the other admits of tvtry poJubJe do* '„; 
gree of'jt. ]f therefore the natural pitch of the voice is confifepf- 
with the harmony of fpeech, it mull evidently promote the rao- 
pmety and command of it, and that for the following reafons. , ,' 

* The true criterion of in ft fpeaking is t when each of the articu- . 
late founds is uttered forcibly and diltinclly. But we find that when* . 
ever we go beyond our natural pitch, we Jofe the command of arti- 
culation. Our tones are weak, thrill, and broken. Every excefs of 
paflion has a tendency to ftraiten the glottis, and render the voice ' , 
more acute. This we may obferve in the (harp, hurrying voice of . 
anger, the plaintive waitings of grief, the clear-gliding war Mings, of \ 
joy. If, therefore, a public fpeaker is decplv animated with Mi j! 
fubjecY, Ms voice infenfibly afcends, and fometimcs is carried to fucH . 2 
a pitch that he lofes all command of it. Cicero informs us, that^."/! 
when Gracchus, an eminent pleader at Rome, was in the vehement .V 
parts of Ms difcourfe, his voice became too high and fqueakinb. '.'. 
To remedy this inconvenience, he placed a fervant behind him, with 

a pitch-pipe in his hand, who, at fuch a time, founded a note in^ . 
nnifon with the medium of his voice, on which' he immediately de» . 
fcended to his nfual fweetnefs. A fpeaker of a lively imagination .. 
finds a greater difficulty in retaining the proper key of his voice, 
than in any other branch of his art. His powers of feasibility «$„, 
apt to hurry him beyond the command of reflection or of juft pro-. . -j 
oonciarion. It was from that confideration that my Lord liacon, in^. 
fome part of his works, has advanced this vcrv Gneular maxim* vial, Cj, 
that a public fpeaker ihould not in reality feel To deeply what He .", 
utter*, but only appear to feel, becaufe if he is really offe&cd tO : 
fuch a degree, the force of nature will overpower hit faculties, ana. - 
perhaps deprive him altogether of voice, ai we obferve in fudden' '\\ 
frights, violent rage, melancholy tidings. See. which fometimcs Pftyvi 
duce convalfive, or even apoplectic fits. Although this principle 11 . 
perhaps carried too far, yet we find that there is no quality fo diffi- .. 
cult to be attained as the proper command of the medium of pift u ; 
voice in the midft of the mo ft animated emotion. How impojfafiJL 
then is the rule of the great Shakefpeare, " that in the very toiicnU ' 
tempelt, and even whirlwind of our paffion, we mould acquire jjr^ r ^ 
"beget a temperance that may give it fmpothnefs." Our injun&ionj ■' 
concerning the management of the voice are not intended to' curb • 
the impetuofity of nature, but only to direct it properly. ^'SSfU 
whtm-wIko of pa Hi on mull ftill be allowed to rage, hw.Judraieww 
'ali:ftfene'and watchful, mould fit at the fecJm, cocduft 'tie blafl> ~»pf'\ 
pre^renc It from riflng to an cxceui. " ; F. 

* The true end of eloquence is perfuafion ; but when are bctoJ^a 
fythket fo agitated by the enthufiafm of his feelings, that Ke ftfmi. . 

*? ]hitt'-fb& the Command'of his uuc-tanxe, *e- icgud him as mwfir™ 

Hcrrie* m #& Eitmttft of$f*tJ*. 17$ 

madnrfi, and *UI learrelv xTtew corfelres 

affvcVd by fcim. Bat when he gi*ci way to all (be itrrugth of 

mo time prcfcn*ci the propriety of fporcti and 

I ii I111 animated addrefi will apfcar the re lull of 

i-:c cooriftion. and force iu way irrefilfcUv into out IttafU, 

rj!c concerning the management' of the vuice i. fo little jc- 

gtrdm;' clttt ahnort one half of our public fpeakers are 1 i 

«K»n of tone, or when they hep pen to b« animated, the/ 
We all command of their vocal power*, 

• To' prevent \>y,\ thefe incoartntcoces, let the ■tmoft care be 
ukemof ih; .ooog trnfons when thoy are learning to read. 

Them i he timple and natural mode of conversion it gene. 

ullvU'd aude. and one adopted in tra Head which is imitative-, a/« 
!<&ed, iciaj. nraoo^i* other improprieties m caloyaung 

tic voice 10 children, there :> note more pcrnicjjui tl 
uf teaching them to read in a much higher kej ihau when they 
rpealc. I have ofr^u obferred a perfon who, when converting on 
foeaeferiouj fubjeecwiih the moll agreeable propriety, chanced to 
talcs jp a book where p::hapi the fame fubjeei wai treated. Mark 
:he coa:rj;:. He begin* to read. Hil *oicc is elevated two or three 
ictcs bi,.l.ti. I: i gillie unnatural and affected. iS u hoc Jtiangc 
hatw-j ro he an exerrion of the vocal powers 

lirfcVtat from fpeafciag i If wc ute tie Utne words, and are ao;. 
nated 1 with the faoae fcclingi, (hould not we cxprrli them in 
arte maimer t Whether we receive our idea from the car as In coo- 
from the ere as in leading, a memory as io> 

. outfit nr not ili! I to utter iheai in that pleating variety 
nn>2fid which natqre uire3* I 

raoft pernicious confequence of this unnatural mode of 

, that the verr facac tones arc ufcd in public fpcakiog. 

, sVoai ilieir proltCioii, and ihc topic* they fpeak 

pole, ought to wear onrivalled the pjim of eloquence in this kin^- 

btn a have in grneral fo confounded the idea of reading and fprac- 

afiag the one ft* the other, that thev perform botiv W the 

cry fame manner. Whether a cfifcouffc is read or repealed, lap 

'diem of the voice is in general laid afidr. One thing it rc- 

n k to addreft a larvc audience, he of» 

:n cierates "nit voire to a mem a pitch, inllead of fpeakinj in a 

«- or Kroogcr tone. Wc huvt already ch!*.-vvd that the voice 

es fmaller, and «Jifcq«*ently weaker, in proportion as tie 

d the glottis cootratU. What cjIIoot then can be 

al to the purpjfes of fceaking than to degenerate into 

^ar]^£, InatticvUta tone,' at the very time when the voice 

d be wetted with vigour and fulnefs ? If therefore the fpeaket 

- be ferCard at a* vnafoa) diiUnee, lei him rather pronoonca 

iin 4 higher, Let him llrain every imew, and 

rVen^th. but never let him violate th: li.-m- 

■ if arttcniation. 1 have often wondered that ao 

th* key of the voice Ihoald be fo cauch neg- 

mufician knows the exact pitch oj bjj initnimcnt, 30*1 . 

the lowed to the hij^heft note ; and mail |cfi care 

Jikca to&kctuia the compafc aud adju.l trie, humomy cA \htf*. > 

T 4 ■*<»»*&*" 

280 Joaca'j Hijhry ofihi Lift cf NaMr Sbab. 

wu^cjiuj oifans which, when At i I fully ufed, are a *haohn& i t't^H 
more expreffive and pieaGne than the belt imitatioiiiof- tfttfaiUftJpf 
ever the world faw 1 Skill toe various powers of the bot/.btxiii&ly 
at command in the moil common mechanical art, and (halt:ai&c*kj( 
fo noble and commanding as that of fpeech be left to Qxerfetfmt 
ungoverned and at random ? The firQ rule is to prefctve that} 
dhim or peculiar key of voice which U fo little ftuqicd anf 
reduced to practice. ..,.,>. • 

Yet, after all the efforts of art and iiiftruction, Nature mill 
be the leading agent. There are voices which no art can tele 
to fing i and it is the fame with regard ' to elocution*' whiej 
Cicero not improperly calls cantus obfeurior. The command c 
modulation, and the variety of inflection, are never t6 fee alj 
tained by thofe whofe organs are capable of emitting onl v uJu- 
form and unci attic founds. 

— • ?rm 

Art. VII. Tht Uifitry cf tb> Life of Kad:r Sbab t King of ftgfc 
Extracted from an Eaftern Manufciipt, which was traofiated iwfr 
French by Order of his Mnjcfty the King of Denmark. Witfc ajji 

- Introduction, containing, I. A Defcription of Afia, according!* 
the Oriental Geograrhers. If. A mort Hiftory of Pcriia f rom tM 

■ earlieft Times to the prefent Century. And an Appendix, con- 
filling of an Eflay on Afiatic Poetry, and the Hiftory of the PerJ 
fian Language. To which are added, Pieces relative to thePrenA 
Trauflation. By William Jonc?, Efq; Fellow of Univet'fi'eyCtfp 
lege, Oxford, and of the Royal Societies at London and C'ojjtfh^ 
hagcn. ( Svo. 6 s. bound, t. a Jell. 1773. ' . '** 

IN the Appendix to the 426 volume of our Review* p.. 5084 
we gave feme account of Mr. Jones** French irahflation fj» 
the original of this Perfic Hiftory of Nader Shah, in two vo- 
lumes in quarto. Of the prefent abridgment, in Engljfi>*$ 
that' curious Hiftory, the following account is given, by ije 
very learned and ingenious Author, in his excellent Prefatory 
Difcourfecnrthc Duty and Qualifications of an rjiftorian 'tJsft 
Speaking of Mirza Mahadi, the original Author of this ''hit 
t&ry of the celebrated Crmwtil ef the Eafi* % Mr. Jones is dif- 
pofed to grant that his teiliinony is not wholly free from ful- 
picion ; but then he very juftly remarks, that the narrative of 
the Peifian hiftorian mu(t necefl'arily be more authentic .Am 

: -- : — iri \ " 
• We have been Itruck with this idea of comparifon ; which* how- 
ever, docs not feem to have occurred to Mr, Jones;— or, pcrhapi 
if it did offer itfelf to his noiice, he rejected it, in favour of what 
he deemed a nearer refcmblance. He has drawn a parallel ottwten 
the character* of Nader Shah and GurtavusVafa; but we fear tht 
pure principle of patriotifm was not equally evident in both ticft 
htrocs, although there is confefledly fomething fimUax in the gcdf£ 
ral out-line of their hiftoric:. 

f) - that 


<b •» 

JODCl'i fljtorjr tf rw Lift 0/ /TtuSrr Slvb. a$i 

(iuC U our traveller;, who eoald not poflibly b« *eqmnVvttd 
1 they fo cos. 
Mints Mahcdi, wi formed, w« the pc 

■ ■ 

.-robablc, in- 
: Jones confdlc}, that t!*.c LiflotJAiu j;i*vl>iucat 
unity,* might Induce him • to paint 
arc plca&ag colour* than here- 
of nil chancier, and 
. th iti; bcautica of it ;' but, he add?, ' a* 
idled after the tlti-th of the monarch, and a* 
upon the UltCf pjxt or hu liie, 
te^fofiably c < real 

fentisicr.ti . though hii veneration fo* the memory of '10 ex- 
traordinair a man, tttya him into cspicflicn:. whicU 

r apon the niemeft flattery.' 
With uiptdt so the Ujlc of the original, our ingenious 
, that • the Persian lajigjagr has <Jc- 
fo much from its original purity, that no great elegance covld 
fcc cxpcelcd irurn Mifxa 

* The work, rvtvenrK < Js, :s genuine, and maybe 

jeeon.: . a curicfi;) .' )ct be freely confefle*, that bad 

be been '.tit to his own choice f, it would have been tiic loll 
sutiukiijit in iIk world v. huh be IhovLI ha>c tliuughtof tran- 

«ng : • out of fo many Pertun books of poetry, ethics, 
Science, hitfory, ;t would have been cafy to have fell 

> of the public attention; ami the vrotks $st 

it have been printed for halt the expense, 

i!f the time.' 

Our Author hat!^ fincc, hosyevsr, been inclined .ather 

this A light not appear to tetter advantage wirb- 

; itifFhefi " w blcfa intent, fay* 

n'r, * 1 drew up a ifco»t abirrsit of it in my nr.i»o language; I 

d the original of its aSVcled flowers and ornaroeiiit, and 

1 -lifli icadet wit ic intercfling facta *a 

lid and n.«r iral but, in compliance with 1 

*, I nave in form red to intcrpofft my own 

. acH, and events* have p efcivcd the 

Mr. Ioe»s -r undettaken the work with 

fis*ere rvfocUnce; b*t there wm no rrfiftfang the rtyttU applicst- 
ttom of a Cionaed ht*d. The Kin?; of l>crunark, too, a; that 
flood vrry weli it tbc eflectn'of the dnijlidi nation. 

• • AlUoioj to tbe fft o:" piiruar) laws for the coadcil of an hillo- 

• an, wiiek Cicero lain down at the tirrc when he wai meditating 
a* Hillory ot R*so«i and to svhl rOpOftd to coniaras. 
Tteferak^M .0 the uviuih oi : AnWiuu* ; fte^O 



a8a ,_ '-• i Jonn'j Jiifimj of the Ufi tfNadtr $bab. : .,\ 

oHet%f time srithout anticipation or confullon, >dJ havc,o<^ f 
cafurolly interwoven the defcription of rcmark^bk', ^licej j u( to aflcrt nothing of any moment without tljiCjauiW,, p 
fity if the Perfian to fupport it, and not to run after, fjjp, W^ m 
glean of conjectures and reports, by which moil ©J thewjjtea, 
on the fame fubje£ have been led. After all, 1 am far frop> 
expecting, that this little work will give me any claim tatbc'. 
title -of an Hilforian : when I compare my piece, not only with 
the idia of Cicero, but even with the productions of other?, 1 
«m like the drop of water, in the fable of Sadi, which fell fro«j 
s cloud into the fea, and was loft in the confeiouforfa of its, , 
own infiznificance. The chief merit of the book, if it hit 
any, coniifts in exhibiting in one view the tranfdciions of fixty 
ycara in the flncft parts of Afla, and in comprifing in a few 
ihvit feAions the fubfhnce of a large volume. Life is fo (hurt, 
and time fo valuable, that it were happy for us, if a!) great 
works were reduced to their quintcftencc : a famous fchdm at 
Leipfic proposed to reprint the vaft compilation cf M. d'llcrbjj^ 
lot enbrged to the double of its prefent fize ; but be would &-■ Q 
icrvc better of the learned world, if he would diminifh it to a . 
fourth part of its bulk, by rejecting all its repetitions and fu», 
perfluities.' #i j«p 

To this abridge ment of the life of Nader, Mr. Jones, has P^m 
fixed a fuccinct but very ufeful defevhtien of Afia y anrj particy^,, 
larly of the Perfian Empire, * that the Reader, upon ^-Qpcnuj^gj 
the Hiftory, might not find himfclf in a country wholly un-^ 
known to bim; and that he might be prepared for the OrM* ^ 
tal names, which in fuch a work could not poiTioly be ^yoSleJL^. 
and are not eafily accommodated to an European ear/ . . ..a^j 

In this introductory difcourfeon the Ajt,itu Gttgrafby r *u&0 |f t 
the Sb$rt Hiflory ofPtrfia t fo neceflary, by way of prelude, to ftfl^j 
ftory of Nader Shah, our Author confefles his obligations to t^ ll£] 
celebrated work of M d« tlcrltlot - t from whom, however,, j% u01 
things he declares, has been copied, which has nor, alfo, been, 
ft und in feveral manufcripts. * Our materials, lay* Mr. Jo,nes^. n 
were taken from the fame originals ; and it is natural fpr (to 
perfons, who fcarch the fame mine, to meet with the fame kigjj,^, 
of ore. The principal geographers, whom I ronJJilted>"»S^i 
Ahulfcda, and Ulugbeg ; the fir ft, a King of Hapu ioj^na^,, 
and the fecond, a grandfon of Tamcilane, who was iW^^*j*mt 
ccllent aftronomer, and built a fine oblcrvatory in bit. ipgefrj^ 
city-of Samarcan.d.' _■ 

In the abftracl of the Perfian Hiftory, introducHrjftp 'IBBf* 
of Nader, Mr. Jones profeiTcs to have followed the ptin bra 
book compiled by Atticus, which was greatly admire^ by'" 
Romans, but is now unfortunately loft: it contained anal 
0/ Ctke**l Hijforyi and exhibited) at one vicw t a relation ij 

5 *'JI 

Jones'* «?/*> tftbt Ufi *f AW that. 183 # 

f*j rrtnts that hlpftnti i/r a frfied 9f 700 yi»n •. 
Author"? compendium, of flbou: 34 pages, mention* 
it and mrmnrable occurrence* in the Perfun empire, 
I and fabulous ar-e;, ro ihc decline of the Sett 
rW p>efcnt century. It is extracted from fcvccai 
fc Wrrtrrf: MirVhond, Khandemir, Kcrdafi, &c. 

ay of A*j>vCTd-x to the Life of Nader Shah, the Author 
genttmi and entertaining £jfy ae rAf 
^rw Nat'nvu which was prefixed to hw CtMn* 
:m Pesmt f, by way of rnrnmemary. At ihrs Effty 
nj mary remarks on the mnnncrs of the Afiafo, it it 
tpiiety inferted in thia volume. It will be found, Mr. 
or>etoblerv«, very different, both in form and ftylc, from the 
ich he wrote in French, on the fame fubjCit., and 
Wfhed in 1770, w eh hit iranA-iion of rhe King of Den* 
Peril an Ma Both thefc difltrtationa, our Au- 

nt* Readers, * were intended only at intro- 
«ch larger work, on the Jfisru Perfry> written 
invenience of learned foreigners, and entitled, 
Vm-m/Trfjff';, which *ill be offered to the public 
llc'of next March. 1 
Ta* 4\Uxvih or. £a(tern Poetry 11 followed by a piece en- 
y tj the Pirftan Lar-suare ; the grcatctl part of 
are here told, wat defigricd to be added to the Au- 
»W* Pctfic Grammar, publifhcd in 1771 1' At it was* at 
prrvenred from fcing the light, ir Is here interred, 
'0 cOirVpWtc thu mifccliany of Pcriian literature. Jt contains!, 
proper of chofen fpccitnrns from the heft authors j 

from the poew, who, at Mr. Jonea remarks, have, in 
■lttbt t tiic p.rcitrft pains to harmonize and improrc 
''Sg-B*- This trait contains many cunoufi and enter* 
laxi . among othcrt, we have the following ac- 
roj.-n 0/ the great Pet Han poet F&rdusi : 

- At the clofe of the t^nth, and beginning of the eleventh 

'rnturiea, Mahmuit reigred in the city of Gaxna : he was fit* 

<>! /abltftan, and part of Khorafan, and had pene- 

Irattd eery fjr into India, where by this time the religion and 

'he Arabs and Pernant had begun to prevail. St> 

■■■■: «ttc entertained in the palace of this monarch, 

Tehom wat Fsxdusi, a native of Tut or Mefiied. Thia 

&dk IcjJtud mar, happening to find a copy of the old PcrfLau 



$cc Rev. ht May, 1 — 1, p. te&— 517, 
See a Ml and critical *<e< 

r a fell and critical account of tfia Icimed trork in cur Re* 
Ticprifer January and February. i;;a. 

284 Jones** Hiflsry of the Life bj Nader Sfaak* 

Ihflory abovc-irtemiuncd *» read i: with csgerncCs, and . fix|n 

S* jiivpiuri in, fables, but bcjriiig the rnaitfi pffcigfca^fcuiy-, 
c moft ancicntpart, and principally tUc>;ar-«f./Ui:H&|l 
andKoirv, orCyiLS, feezed to afford aafWWWW W&$k% 
an Haro'u. P*cm, which he accordingly, ocgan t^cc^ipj^f^ S^oi 
of his cpifodes iDflu'clcnptioii& were fiiowzi ro ti:c ^tfi^JVMffc 
commenced them exceedingly, and ordered him. 50 fi^^BiJ^fpi 
whole Hjjhvj of Ptrjia in a (erica <*f Epic potus. The my 
obeyed; and, after the happielt exertion qi h^ fancy anU %t\ 
for near thirty year*, be fu liilicd his work;, whicU cor.Uind 
faty thoufand couplets in thyme, all hjghly poiuhed, with th 
(pint of our Drydcn and the Uycetncfs of Pope, fie prcaen«4 
an elegant tranfeript of his book to u/|ahmud 3 who coldly ia» 
plaudcd his diligence, and difmiGed him. Many n>on?hs cJipfcJ, 
and ferJufi heard no more of hfc- work. : he then took, occilicn 
to remind the King of it by feme little epigrams, wbkh hs 
contrived to let fall, in the palace \ but, where «ii..l*[/ic poop 
hid failed, what effedt could be expected frois an.ep jgrjoti 
yVt length the icward came -, which confrilcd oaly of as many 
imall pieces of money, as there were couplets in the voiuma. 
The high-minded poet could not brook this infult : he rctirtaj 
to his clofet with bittcrnefs in his heart ; where rje wr«F^ 
Uioft noble and animated invechve againft theiultart, wJiic 
]ic fealcd up, an J delivered to a counter, who, a$ h^ha^ 
Jpn to fufpeci, was his grcateft enemy, aflurjiig j*jrn» 
.tt'fii a diverting talc* and requeuing him to give it tojkgj 
yjhtn an^offeir of flate or bad fuecejs in war jbi-uia mafa u*a /*f 
unto jy and fpltntlit than ufual\. Having thus given vcatt to ft* 
juft indignation, he left the nijht, and topfc rekge, 
m H.i.'1-.J, where the Calif protected htm from the Sultutot 

. i* 

* The book here alluded to t was written in the Heblevian dialeA. 
cxtradkd irom the SaJlanian annai*, and com poled (it -is fcUicvoij 
by the command of Anufhirvan, an illullrious protestor of the -us 
and Icitr.ces, who reigned at the clofe of the Siih ccqtuiy, pfctfc 
iiaie when Mahomed was bom. This work happiiy ei^ap*^ thsfatf 
*>f thofe unmerciful zealots, who detfroyed every work ci", itaroiaj 
they could meet with, to make room for the .Koran : cot fpariog at 
famous library of Alexandria, n^r even the leeorJs of \b*y$m$ 
empire. Saad, one of Omar's generals, found this vcdjine, a& 
the victory at Cadcfia, and prefcrved it far him fc If as acu'rloutv. I 
palled afterward through leveral hands, and. was at length tnrijfflplti 
iato ibme other language of Aiia. n ^ y0l ^a^m 

t ' Sec a trar.flaiion of this fatire In a Trtutiji tn Or$g»/*£J5 
added to the Life of Nader Shab in French, Vol.-lf. p?fifSi»*i 
poem is not unlike the x^,t« of Theocritus, who, iSce.thrispo 
Iuqus Ferduf:, had dared to cxpofe the vices of a jew -minded Kiog. 


:>'<«; -Lift $/ XeivmL 

travel tiifn in a fjm 

i wmimi rr ••: . merit 

".■tut j i ' fH*HlW he 

I m ns (.-■•- ;ntMt the 

o^rlPrrfiew with Homer hiiiifHl 
fftjfej4&''6r die arYin 
The Icatfltt) w*>ii :dli- 

ttfe-fonrserf the 

i £igH, fm rrv hVr of ni poffulw j 

It «h- reaitcs/H 

t imfVrif W'iirr. ittal .r v.-: ■-." 1 (cirigl in tfce/n. 


i - • ; 

IJWtn ' -'it 

. The wk- 

: times 10 ihe invj-ion oi the Anlv, in i le. 

wtry r.obie winn ; tbe .iad rmoft ?egu .•* fc ,i» 

far, and br^o^e er<e= . 
■ . 
eftm/' ;ioos sod rlr'Vi: . 

p&t -' oiion «vtry where (vnueoui, y. w>. 

wt full or* tire. A grot proration of learning hoi b*«» 
twav fc^ Come cr:::ci, in eainpirio^ Homer tjoic 

:ucc«e4cd fcit» i but it requires vejy 
needing poet -fthAXtcr 
;k Mover : J . . 
:i a jjrai - 

J hlii, I ifc>ibc iU 

h, :'-efi to riis <k©ojj*ii>. Whjtevct 1 tk^atraa 

^^^^^^^H^r, m«y liave been irr.rodtcctHaco the work* 

ad irtmuron rfHoflm lltie ever eohTi- 

PiJoT ■ r ni torwfcicli ret&in J **i ■ tu 

poet <?' Peffca i» «qa»I to tbai of Greece \ 

■ ■ 

m«« : w*ih drew «k>eir images from 

tkrxi only by rrfleflion, »ml patntrng, lathemano) 

Miw/t 't a lih**fii and both POfltlTcd, in *a 
t ifc/ree, f6iaf r»V* *»i rr:*//w i«f.x';:n, wk<4 // fiv '«m 


286 Joncs'i Hifiory a/the Life ofNoJer Shot: 

■>i.flrewM*Jfcy» ** fcU*jcp ; for,^hc jjlcafyrc .and inftruaion ; 

... .ftflpntaj them by hi* writings, wiih him to ne^Iq^ tiip/ 
- folidiaWaDimcntfl, atui more fuhfiantial intcrcfts whjoh&f 
found, in' a§ivc life. His intentions, wiih refpect-^o, 1 
<ucc application of thofe powers of genius 'wjiicli n^tbr 
fo liberally beftowed on him, will beft appear from hi 
words, toward the conclufion of his prefatory aiffpurjS: 
' If any eflential miflakes be detected in this whole pc 
. ance, the Reader will excufc them, when he reflects up 
great variety of dark and intricate points, which are iii 
in it ; and if the obfeurity of the fuhjeel be not a fufficiei 
for the errors, which may be difcovered in the work, ft 
cwfitUrtd, to ufe the words of Pope in the preface ta^hj^ 
»ife poems, that there are very few things in this eolUifiom^ 
Wire not written under the age of five and twenty ; mofl of 
indeed, were compofed in the intervals of my IpyUjL 
South of France, before I had applied my mind to a fb» 
very different nature, which it is now my refalutrprVw 
the fole object of my life. Whatever then be the fatef 
production, 1 (hall never be tempted to vindicate any pari 
which may be thought exceptionable; but ihall gladly 
my own opinions, for the fake of embracing others, whic 
feem more probable \ being perfuaded, that nothing is 
laudable than the love of Truth, nothing more odious th 
obftinacy of perilling in Error. Nor (hall I eafily be in* 
when I have difburdened myfelf of two more pieces, whi 
now in the prefs, to begin any other work of the literary 
but iball confine myfelf wholly to that branch of knowlc 
which it ia my chief ambition to excel. It is a painful' 
deration, that the profeffion of literature, by far the moft 
rioui of any, leads to no real benefit or true glory what] 
Poetry, Science, Letters, when they are not made th 
bufinefs of life, may become its ornaments in profperitj 
its moft pleafmg confolation in a change of fortune ; bui 
man addicls himfelf entirely to learning, and hopes by thou 
to raife a family, or to acquire, what fo many with fcjL 
few ever attain, an honourable retirement in a declining agfri 
find, when it is too late, that he has miftaken his pjufi 
other labours, other (Indies are nccc Jary ; and that,' n8 
can aflert his own independence in aclive life, it wilttuu 
little, to be favoured by the learned, cflccmcd by 'thV rR $ 
v recommended even by Kings.* . 'y' j D 

.. ..." m "A £ tii 

. - -x '.3v i 

( **} I ) 

I W £xftri+rv<x!. U(, To %h\ 

Keoiftriu.'fte. Uy Ttietni* 
D. r .K.S. Mil S.A. Am. 51. bound. Johnibn. 1 

1 t ttiih which • tout Author f^tb- 

cars ago, unJcr the #ith 

now before us •, bai very dcfervfdly been vrriJ rr- 

i'.ilic. In the picfcut collection is given i\ 

:hor'« further enquiries on different medical and 

:, which arc in general mated wit-i jaJgc- 


Jo the r.fO of ihcrc dillcrtaticn:, the Author inquires int«>tri« 

_ll ar.d chemical properties of the c;Ikr}fo rmi ; 4 medicine 

! hither from a town of hu irnivta 

f Ceylon, and which is I a id to be potTetird of con- 

In trie shifts m;>bu; particularly, it is I 

the violent tom/ia, to check the purging And vomil- 

to correct the putrid tendency of the bile, and to quiet the 

motions of the bowels. The Author I ike wife 

irery falutary effi?c"h ra follow its exhibition in d . r- 

nd even in the dyfemery | though it (caret fcems to 

: c of lrtringency. He, si well a* others', have 

ifeful remedy * in bilious fevers j in a latv 

mach, attended with want of appetite, nau- 

and iodlgcfKoitJ and 111 habitual »'t»mi tings, when they pro- 

i a we*'*;:" I ibility or" the itomacru from 411 ii- 

mt, from acidities, or from aerlmoniout bfle. J Ttiefe 

tucs afcribei to this root, are exemplified by the 

irJoA of a few biftoriei of eifes, felecled from 1 mueli greater 

in which it has been fuccefofully admmiltcred. 

i'i. experimental enquiry into the rhcwcal 
of this tJrugj it appears that the columbo root mndc- 
:>, without fufpendimj, the fermentation of alimentary mix- 
1 1: prevent! them from growing four, and neutralises 
llrcady produced, much nioic completely than Pcruvia.i 
or chamomile flower!. It appears likewlfe from his expe- 
ment*, that though it Joes not refill the putrefaction of animal 
Refit fully as the Peruvian bark, yet it very llrmigly 

Cui/ed!» tbe fkto* of putrid bile, and unites peifccily with it : 
■HLnfeEarV. on toeing mixed with the fame fluid, inlianily 
. -r, and inerrafei its often five fmell. Ac- 
Bl^lj v.w rswtboi from hence explains the a£& n of the c-- 
laoifro too* in the tbiUra ntriftj, and other difeafes* attended 
with a redundance and depravation of the bile, in which it ha* 

^-jf ^e Mc-ntMy Review, vol rrrviU, January 176S, page ai j 

vcl xlvi. page »0;. 


; -aS3 PerCtVaft EJays t Medical and Rxptr'mtntaL 

- ^Wg^en with, ikcctt to a great number of pstfentiiiMhefi^ 
i. ladies, 'by a certain mvy furgcon, w ho ^eWottf f qWKi j^ C- 
^.Yary.ip employ any meant to promote rlto ditfc' " " 

OT to deanfe to* tWmacfa and boweb preiKoUq'fetf WtUKMjh, 

,. v , THc |w^t [paper in this colle&ron con ta kwob ft 1 / v ^tgjft n 

, in* jmltiwuaon of the crrA/j root, and the en ring T # Q*ftc 

* pwpofe;o£ preparing falcp from it in this country ■*»§* 

t.ietfation has been already published in the Georgicat'' 

.i:> here reprinted with a few additions and corrediblhJ^ 

r followed by fome experiments and remarks on the Sftxt&j££U 

.Matlock waters. , Vik ". - 

... . la the £ucceeding Eflays, the Author treats of the 

nfes' and aaxifeptic powers of fixed air, which, as he aJffir$T% 

^bc has. repeatedly experienced, may be infpiced, in no 

fcje/aMe quantity, without danger or uneafmefc ; arrd'hisj 1 

Several cafes, been adminiftered with advantage in -the^j the pbibifis puimonaUty when a purulent ci\ 

o&s taken place, -in the Manchester infirmary it has 

glied externally to ulcerated cancers, the progrefs of wnftV 

pears to, have been checked by it, though it is feared thaiS""" 

Swill not be effected. In a difeafe, however, fo di ' 

lpathiomc, a palliative remedy, the Author obferves, ~h 

ConCdered at a very valuable acquifition. 

% The.antifeptic and fweetcning powers of this fluid! 

cut. Readers will recoiled, been lately contravertetl 

Alexander, fome of whofe obfervations on this' head jri 

rnarily related in our Number for June laft, page -447,'-"/ " 

Percival however declares himfelf fully convinced, fVoai 

dence of repeated experiments, that this fubftsmce has" the* 

perry both of retarding and correcting purrefo&ion ;'am$ 

fome plauftble conjectures to account for the manner hv 

£xed air may rctrrain, and even prevent, putrefaction, " 

poiTefling any inherent antifeptic quality. _ 

Thefe obfervations arc fucceeded by an Eflky on rhr Mi, 

Vepiurs $f burning Charcoal, communicated to the Author tjjP 

Dr. Dobfon of Liverpool. It contains feveral obfemtjctfis'fcfr 

traded from various medical and philofophical writers; ; 

relation of a particular cafe which fell under the A airlift 

tncdiate notice j from all which he concludes/ that 1 rn*fl , i 

other mephitic exhalations do not deftroy life by-tfe rr'lriMP| 

diaie action on the lungs, or by fuffbeating thofe who am 

pofed to them ; as hath hitherto been pretty generally SfijA 

but that they exert their deleterious efftcls by atfeQing^be' 

,• A fhon account of Mr. Moult's cbfervatious OntbuT WJ'A 

may be ften in our xlivth volume, March 1771, page aoe,. ; ™ *A 

- * 'si 

... va 

HmM+ot&'jdcm&tf&npgrr! &C, 


w» jfrfir** Thia o,*aum is well fcf ported by the Au- 
ibc/, frwn >*ttot* conUdctiiiom ; ami rhe titrth of ir, at leaft 
wiUi icy.J^J to the *&i:ki ot the fume* of burning crurcoal, is 
great meafurc evinced by the fymptomi that occurred inthe 
CikiU>kc alluded 10 1 in which the patient had been near two 
fcoun tiniggling with this potion, (hut up with him in a frnall 
rjoaty wttboot entertaining any fufpkion of the real caufe of 
-liaeaJ'y fcautinns be hi) experienced, previous to fcia total 
Jala On bit recovery, he d<clared, that during an boar 

ami a bait lie had fell himftlf very ill t ai he cxprerTed it, bid 
beet (kit, fo u 10 retch, though he could not vomit, and 

had lud -hooting pain* in the head ; but had not felt any op* 
prcfioa at bis brraft, nor the leaft fenfe of (urTorarion. 

The following paper 1 contain a few obfervatioos on the afra 

on the Coptic «iuaj*y of fea.falt, Sec. applied to animal fab- 

11 faall quintuiev : and on fome of the chemical and 

D3odicio*l properties of ccft'ee. Thefe arc fuccccdcd by fome 

iVect bifto/ics of difeafe?, with remarks upon them. The firft, 

bach arc related the hiftory am) cure oi a difficult- in do* 

1 (i anting from a fpafmodic amotion of the rrfoph>gvfl» 

li bceu formerly pubaibed in the ieeond volume of the Mcdi- 

tatm This i* followed by fomc cafe* of dropfiet, 

and the biftory of a pilicy, fuppofce to have beeo produced by the 

eJBueia of k^J, aoej in which tbe patient bad i^ft :hc power of 

every part of the bedy except the head. A cou Me of 

electrical fhueka, rerfeccred in for a long time, under 

Jion of Dr. Withering, appear* to have erTecled, or f 

great:/ cootriKitcd to, a pcfcci cure : the difcafc con- 

at i triad, on the occa&ocul difconci nuance of the elec* 

Xatkioti and cviJenily, though slowly, yielding on 

>\e following p-per the Author confirms, frcm his own 

-•;- . oco, he utility ol the practice rccoenrnctided by Dr.Gra- 

iJhitch phyfictan, of exhibiting alum in obllinare cbo- 

which warm bathing wai 

niUrly b; The work is ter- 

MKt tnifceUaneous obfervattotrs, to which ara 

i fix uiUDitliing moic accurate and cvoipre- 

;.', .r.llead of the piefeut imperfect and 

■ ■ ■- — - -^i * " * — ■■ * ■* — ■ ~-^^— »— » 

UtimU* firmfitiig U/Jtpvrrra it tto toraWa JaV*rf//*>nr a 
Iff. See Review »r Awj; it!, p. 1 »fi. 

AFTER tbc return of the D*iptr*> in May 1766, from her 
? round the wt'iIJ, thr coounasul of that telTel was 
up to Captain Wall i a, who having fitted bar dt fw the fea 
Hliy.Oa. 177J. w «*- 

«itb,*tt {*>&bk expedition* made Oil* i» her from i'lynsafltfaV 

>ft prtjfecu tten . of further geographical 4>fcovcrics, ;£ft t&rltfft 

of A*iguft following; in company with, the- ftvftftwitiffiflr* 

jfttandc^ by Cape C arterct,. and the Prina frttkrit fijQ«$Hp+ a 

u aWe meet with no remarkable occurrence in Ca^iWa^^ja 

}o#|tta], till his arrival ofF Cape Virgin Mary oovtfie casji^jaf 

fy tagooia» at the northern entrance of the £trcigbt of M|o|^ 

Ian. -On the point of this Cape a great number of anew, want 

feeh on, horfeback^ who repeatedly made Ggns to otu- voj^agtsa 

to come on fhorev We have snore than .once had qocaj* 

J4qb to treat the problem relating to the sxiftence of, a;^ant 

of men greatly above the common ilaturc r affirmed- by .$vjnl 

voyagers to have been feen by them on thii part of the ffttjqt 

and we lately (hewed an inclination to favour the atfrnssawp 

fiJe of the qucftion, or at leaft to temper the air of ; n£Ufiu|» 

with, which this opinion was treated by the lively author of.atjf 

Rtthmhet Pbtiofipbiques fur Us Amnions •■ In Cj|fc.Wpp 

relation, as well as in the preceding journal of CoflrnWMfat; JM 

fan, the queftion appears to be finally and fatiifaclorily dayJBft 

"not indeed in favour of the exaggerated accounts of fatraer 

voyager?, or even of that of Mr. Charges Cj.arx.1, ojae^qf 

the Commodore's officers f : but in fuch a manner as Chews, at 

lead, that there was femt foundation for die extraofdiavyHte: 

fcriptons that have, at different times, been gwen of fojjsVLaf 

the inhabitants of this coafr. We £ball accordingly, -msh 

place, collect together, from all the journals now before; ^ 

-the material. part of the evidence given by Commodore fljrpny 

and the Captains Wallis and Carteret, relating to the fjDJlTT 

of thefe people. ', .< t u-jjj 

Commodore Byron, m his account of h» interview »tftfr 

about 500 of this extraordinary race, is lefs accurate mawffXf 

plicir, wi.h regard to their height, than Capt. W alii 1. arid Cap*. 

Carteret > and indeed the general turn of his relation WWffMb* 

* See Appendix to our 42d vol. page 5*7. We have fiace ie _ 
that the Marquis de Pau was the author of the work here rzfrii&S . 

f Appositely to the prefent gigantic fubjeft, we baVe tfadfrgfrcttt; 
name of this traveller jullly entitled to tower, in tafiitaUQ^Mm 
thofe of his feltovv voyagers. In a letter of his,, publilhbd *■ ce rest 
refpe&able work, he can fcarcc be prevailed upon to state iȣe?5Br 
inch of tight feet in the height of the Patagonians, wiKu^.h^ Wti& 
in company with Commodore Byron: and in another ^(axe^anr 
content with thefe fuperJative dimensions, which are certainly"* vw 
decent allowance for any giant upon earth, at lean of modern FURfp 
he declares that fome of ihsm ' were certainly nine feet, if t hey doe? 
exceed it/ This eflimate too was formed from a fair view oTlKaT, 
at adulanCeof* a very few yards,' and during a fpace Of * sawrtW 
hrurs, at noon day/ See Phil. Yrmnf, vol. Ivii. part 1 ? and fit 
Revitw, vol. xxxix. December 1768, p. 417* ,,;, '' ; » 

3 tends 

r m *mr tifatotM ++ faM Um fo kn, Eft. 141 

- perforin^es. The fo>lowin£ de- 
**j| e^H ' ■ rtrt juris of" tfl 

*er He fcvi v»ith cfccfe people. 
:::cCo9in>.:i'.i;c, ' . > ap* 

eimr toward* me: be was of a £>£**tic 
the u!c« of rttnftm in .v bnrmtn 
Vin of frnie wiM beaft thrown «fer Ms 
:r wears bis pUni, and was 
it hideoa* appearance I ever Kr- 
one eye was a I ar^e circle of white, a circle of 
-Wed the other, an J the refl of hi? face w« (beaked 
It paint of tftnerent cofo-jr* 5 / *i wi mtaftr* km f, but if 
I mar ja- e o ■.:: by the proportion of his tfiture to 

•wowii, ir coii.1 not i"- moth hrfl tfiab fcetfl f Ml \\'n:-\ 
frigktfd C;\-jjiu came up, wc muttered fomewhit to e*eh 
! ! then walked with him tmratdk lit* 
• whom, ai I advanced, I midc fijrnJ that they 
(Town, and ihey a'l readily i-nmplied : rhrrc were 
; them many wrrncn, who fecmed to be profoitionaMy 
few of the men vrete Icfs than the chief Who baJ 


4 f lav i in- IrxiVed round on thefe/wnoKsif gsbUmwUh no fmi-1 

»#oe Moment, and with foroe diffic altymide thofe that were ft I 

^?'t» up fit down with the reft, I took out r quantity of 

?M*" a s which ! drftrlbutcd among them, aai 

ey/ttcelvcd vVith vcrr llonc e^prtffioni ofpleafurc/-^- 

iMnmooore iftrrtmtflj on 
**m#orr; . oft to tbcfc people with 

fume tobacco, * a: the adtoni foment which I fair c.TpreaTcd in 
wVeovhtcnancc, upon perceiving htmfclr, though frx feettwo 

...•./j.'— He ob- 
A&VeV tt* ' more property he called r/Wr 

tfafcf Vffff .tt-ti ; • fjc « ; i vtTiO arc full fix • 

:ee any a mtilcular I :o (Mr 

<.ok rathe the common bulk, run up 

•.vSo fhould nira- 
Ijk feet tw$ in. nes, a ■ exceed a ltn«t wtP 

frt mm of t ic cominnci ftaiu:c in breadth and inufuc, wuuld 
ftttke ut r if a gigUific rzzc, than it an in I 

rf#t!- inert fore, up 

[ wnom u - .if, 

I I \f irra- 

' -' ' 

Tkit aiTerricn flatly ecrtn/.ifU a remi?k miire by the Editor In 
>i< prftwo, page xvii. when fc« hiadti • rnc4<»e 

Jvroa ia tiie number of ikefe who <r^aicafare the PatatO©i* Bl « 

1> T 2 Cl^VaWw 

ao2 Hawkefworih'* Account oftbt Vojaga 

Captain Willis's description of, probably,' tKfrxV^plc, 
with whom- he -had an iottcriew near the i s^al;tf>Vwrfcaart 
preciffe, and tend* fomcavhat to low« : the i4kffc-*f a>ajanita 
magnitude, which the fosmer relation aft* .Jyaft Joft p» ffcft 
mind of 1 the Reader. Ncrerthelcfj, — n frim ^rtm-fasTJlrf 
thefe Patagonians appear to be a terji angular lad WJJmSm 
jkk f^ccie*, or rather variety^ of the human Tacav bat wtfefltssol 
Ibey may ft ill be allowed to clafs among giaato, fbatcr^aiafi 
tteeourtefy of the Reader, and the idea which he sfttatiutst'frt 
term. His candour too may be exencifed la rcconciiiog ahej jbea 
accounts, by attributing the variation between them , tambf daft 
fcrence which may naturally he expected between, « faatdajti 
tflimatiy formed on the Unking view of ■ atfjfci atsassji i af 
people exceeding the common fizc of men, and an aOom MM 
Juration of individuals. ... (- i* & jarf) 

■* * As i had two measuring roda with me/ toys Gaa^Wjaw 
* we went round and mcafured those that appeared : tfe>i fee Hat 
CaUeftamong then. One of thefe mu^xjatjkvow itckitiftk 
several more were fix fret five, and fix feet fir inrhm limiS 
llature> of the greater part of them was from jmo JotbttKlmctm 
^rfi Cape. Carteret, who wu on fhore with CapU)Wa&| 
when he vifited and mcafured thefe people, refers, .m«>>**» eat 
journal, for his account of them, to Jiis lstier:tp Ds, Nltty^a*^ 
tithed in the 6oth volume nf frir Philnfnpbiril Tr>>ftJT»a%>> 
where he informa hia correspondent that. * they, were* io&gaaiH 
rat, ali from fix-feet, to fix feet five inches, sha»i^a*brjB 
were feme who came to fix feet feven inches/ Son^aeeasM 
particulars relating to thefe people, extracted frees, ten jtsatstf>si 
letter, may be found on confulting our 46th vdamet'Jtteth 
1771. page 181. "ii u'jdyixxn 

After refitting the three ihipa in Port Famine Baa^fafkejt 
great plenty of h(h were procured, as well as of c " 
tops, and other vegetables, by the ufe of which,; 
daily bathing in the fea, and pombly by breathing tne 
the recovery of all the fcorbutics on board waa^faeefHl^itft 
reeled, the Prince Frederic vi&uaier was fent off im Jads^aadrV 
lfland, and the two other fbips purfued their; dinger^ ir,aa*t 
tedious navigation through the (freight ;. in, .the. pcrWoaajsjatoJ 
yrhtch, as we have already remarked, they *ptt*iiifijT,i 
months. During this whole time, as CapuWalforol 
they were slmoft in perpetual danger of {hipwreck^-jima^i 
and inhofptfable region,' * where, in the jnidiVof, fonjoiebjj 
weather was cold, gloomy, and temrjefluouaj whet* ahor^and 
facets had more the appearance of a chaos than of imtua^ntaA 
where. Tor the moft part, the vallics were srithoast henban^aast 
die hills without wood.'— la fad, a reader of feafiMlitj&taaft 
perpetual ly on the rack in peruiuig the plain recital «f aaat^naa) 
** -• -t.r^n ijhajai 

. ajao&lr 1 '^* Di f* Wrty "? * ht SsMt4tn Hmijfitrt* &V, ao J 
JraW'brenJtb «f»p«i which oar voyajren experienced in the 
Cfturtccj*" this jKnlow* navigation. Unfortunately too, on the 
My oay that Caot. W 1 Hit cot without the mouth a/ the rtrcijlir, 
Mn*: obliged to carrv (a\\ m order to (km a current which U< 
*W •*%»» Anonrlyuii feme i Hands at the wtilein cmrar. 
** finite 6t the swallow, which ww only at a tmail dict.ioc* 
XaVrU, and newer few her afterward*. 

• 'From the accounrt given of the inhabctantt of thefe dreary 
coaJU, wtio oecafvonally vifucii the (hips, kuraan nature appear* 
^n*- to be m the love* ftste o«* degradation, if we excrfx iho 

lUgoniam, who tray, comparatively, he conudcrcd 
at a* polrfhcd people, the other inhabitants term I'cucc to pof- 
k*i ■ fund of knowJege superior to that of the beaver, of wh< m 
tfcey evidently ull nWt in imlufiry and contrivance » or to have 

curiojuy equal to that of an aft. The many rierclt ci 

I*4uafci»ro which (hoy were witiKftci onfeoatd the (hipi were 
rr viewed with the moit rtucid indiiicreuce by thti 
moil flight and tranucct te-prefionsoo them. Their 
which they procure their whole fubfiftencr, are 
ed or nothing more than toe bark of trees tied togrth 
M «raJa# and krj>: open by flaort pieces of wood throft in tran- 
.-.«n the mo stdct, li« the boats which children 
a bean incfl. Their wants iodced arc Uw, but they 
at to he endowed with invention and mduOry furtVci 
«3*HaMo toetn ro gratify even the rnofl ptti&ae of this froail 
:i*a*bc? t or id provide a^ainlr t^e attacks of cold and hunger, 
so **kk they arc fo frequently expefed. 

U'h. !c the fhi;it mere in Upright Hay two canoe* full of tlvcfc 
wretched Beings came on braird of the Dolphin, while forneof 
the flii/« cxfnrxiuy were ratniut; with a hook arid line. A tifra 
being r Wen to one of them, (omt*bal bt^cer than aheniiii;, 
aHvo, Juft a» it came out of the w* i i , 1 ; I Hatched it e* haftiJy 
aj a wg would fnap at a bone. He mewtd howerer fo much 
delicacy ag nrtt to icill it, by giving; it a bite near the gills, and 
thHtpi'K*- ; it j * beginning wirh the head, and going 

Mto (he ul, without reject n& either the bones, fins, feaies, 
or emtraals.' In fliust, they cat every thing that was- gireo 
indihVrtntlv, whether fait or freih, drcficd or raw : and 
thefc helpMa beings Hivcrcd with cold, yet they had 
\g co> cover ihrm but a feal lltin, thrown kofcly over their 
otrs, which did not icach to their middle. In the neigh- 
of trm place one of the female Indian* offered one of 
Comspcc'orc Byrosr"* oftcen a child which was luckine/ai her 
srraih Ir ii Crarcclv ncoeilary to Cxy lh*t he icfgfed it, * hut 
titer,' »ay" ihe/ournalifi (or tditor) » feems to dogradn 
puur soilorii Cnagea more than any tain* in their appear- 
manner of life : it muft be a thangc oeprav\t^ ol tva- 
1 1 ? \tte 

»94 HawkelWortV* Amount •fthtV^gti * 

ture that leaves them deftitiirt ir'aflfefthm *ffiiA 

or a mod deplorable fituation that imfrcTfe^nicefl 
them by which it Is furrrtounted/ 

Having entered the South Sea oh the ttth of April, Opt, 
Wallis fieered to the northward and weftward. 'Tn^oo&in 
degrees W. longitude, and 31 degrees S. latitude, we find him 
crofling Commodore Byron's rout; an 1 then Peering nearly 
Weft, and keeping five or fix degree* to the fourhv/ard of that 
track, he fell in with feme iflands ne're defer ibed j and'ot length, 
on the lift of June, in latitude 17^. 30. S znd longitude ijd 
W- difcovered the celebrated 1 ifland ofOtabtiti. 

Though the inhabitants of this ifland were afterwards foiind 
to be of a friendly and peaoeable'difnofition, the rccepHoTl he 
met with from them, on his endeavouring to warp the (hip into 
av convenient harbour (called by him Port-royal Ba^J'vjas.m 
the higher! degree hoftile, and even formidable, at le^fi in ap- 
pearance, in the coarfe of that buftnefshc found him;';. If at 
one time furrounded by no lefs than 300 canoes, fome alnv>(l 
clofe to the fhip, containing at leaft 200A men ; while many 
thonfands of the inhabitants were lookihg'bn from the fhore, 
and. more canoes craning from tvery quarter. All theft cance; 
were, freighted with large pebble fronts, intended to be ufedas 
ammunition, except fome which had on board n very i\< ■ 
height, which con lifted of women, placed^rt 1 fc'row, who^whea 
Cbey'caoie near the fhipv fKaftifed all the wanton gc flu re's and 
aHuprments that can be conceived. 

In confequence of a fignal made from one 

Dolphin on every fide. Each of thefe ftbnes weighed about two 

ho 1 

every in fome meafure protected by an awning which had rieen 
fpread torer the deck to keep out the fun, and $y the, hammocks 
placed in the nettings. For the particulars of the cornoat we 
rnuft Tcfet to the work irfelf. We fhali only add that CapL 
Wallis, a great part of whofe (hip's company was in a ficVanJ 
focWe condition, found Irirrtfelf under'the difagreeable 'heccHiiy 
of -employing his cannon on this occafion. The Indian jllcct 
was at firft thrown into confufion, and afterwards re'rrc 
or remained inadHve, but after fome time rallied and returned 
to the charge. At length a lucky (hot" quickly decided the for- 
tune- of the day ; for being direcled againft fome canoes wpico 
were coming towards the fhip's bow, one of which, ov the 
iipials made from it, appeared to have a chreT on board, the 


chit canoe lo Cull u to cut it aij»nder. A » il«o af^hia 
?ioinenoo was obfervcu 
^"lilili loch riaire, that in hA( an howl (fcerc ww .. 

' iiiC 

h haftc, ill it in hJt" an hour tkere war , 
to be i'«n i and the people who fuJ crc 
j fed over tiie hills with ibe - 
riottile nodiniu^icious maimer c orpin - 
» ih our good fi iciH .- chc ' 
red to be a mil J, foci-iSle, ao ' Dou- 

bt ihctn, mi amiiblc people. Twa dayr. afierwi.- 1* 
ceic again culUclcd together to if y ih«u fjrinoe in 
• Jecond attack. For this puipoic many 1 

:c pmtived to H- in nicuoji toward the watering plac*-, 
Cant. Wallii had row cfcib'.iibcrf a £u»rii ; aud.oanoe* 


1 ling from nil parta to the Ihip, ufticb. vrn 
i3 of it. lam ihouf ht that l to (banc* tb. 

. r»l) leflnu (he td to irukr 

.-ion dtcifivc, and par an end to hostilities at once* >Im 
paaty en f' 1 ; ^oc USch 0:1 bujuJ, he full ii. cU at thr 

canoes which were era. .mi together ir. grouj: ,.eb imme- 

Utely r.i -perfccl, or made to the fl'.c;c. Ur ihca m<o£I«J 
r 0>c< u>U- fired imoihc wool behind Uicirat< , and 

ward) a bill to wV<k fcvcral (houijndi had rctctaicd, in coo* 
«W, a: mcc, tney were in perfect (ecu 

<tt tbe balls (ailing dole to ft krgc iree where a greet 
1 of t ug, ltrutk cUcrn ivi:h fuchcofiOn 

bat in Ie£s than t a-o n-.inutct nut one of tbeen w.a* to be 
On tbi* total dilpeilion of the iflandcis wc are told chnr 
tne carpenter*, with (heir axes, were fen? ca (how, in.or- 
cuieil.oy (be cancel that been run aground aoj de- 
fer their owner*. This fcrvkc they crimed, and ac- 
re thin 50 Cftnoej, many of wl: feet 
d three broaJ, wc/c cut in pieces by them. 

ivrci of the Dolphm may perhaps 
.1 proper difylay ot' ; nd at coft- 

1 to (be Ouhciteans, this Jait p^^eng 
ra.bcr i« the light of a/»».>ft«wn;. . 
out neceflrty, ai nfaoant cither 

1 ttfrrofi. Tl>; .on of 50 canoe*, while no 

preterit ro oppofe the operation, could nor in thr Iraft 
; to increase thele ijlandert' opinion 6t our power; 
very clTrclual in lellciinig thesr tbilil .cud with 

; icJi conduct might be projicr towvd a known 
Bfiemy, it t'ecms to have been neither jull nor cape- 
-Mard a who hu<1 probably acVd under the in- 
take, and with whom pur vova^cii wiQxid to 
1 imicaole intercourse. It may indeed be tjjjahi: 
.at wm aufUcd, ai the UtahtiuMW-had WavAte. 



10,6 ,. HawkeiwoxM Aiwu*t efthtVtyegt*. ..• ...m . 

mggKc^fs;.ii^t Out twin lU.Ccwc* wrth>jual^t<)apfi 1 iaii agi>~ 

cine Ocesgs, who may natural J y be fuppojed toj»qp!rwiAr J if«« wil 
«ritt the light of an ct'V, and who ac*jr»g».:in thebjtfGreitbiaWw 
ItaQCC, uqder tiut perfuafion, were 1 only dafendftig >theic wWwid 
fcflians, and oppofiog (be alarming uitrufion.of a >Jissg^ankn4^ 
fonuidahle fcL of inradrr*. :, .?.n* e rt;iw «inirlcu 

few -nations |iiva beca djfeovered wbofe manncra a^qic ■* ft - 
carry fucb an air of Angularity on the faccpf tbos*% a* ik&igkc 
theic iilanderg ; as they aic rcprefeuted to us by rauvoyHgrnrknd-^ 
M* Bougainville. Their behaviour, within, an hour orvtA*o«ftu- 
thcir defeat, affords us one of the frft fpecimens of this, ftngriatsq 
cat! of character. About two o'clock in the afternoon of teaw 
ten oi the natives were feen from the ftip coming out of tbe*pc*o<UT 
wi^j fircen boughs in their hands, which they itttcb^ocsm^hs^a 
water- fide, and retired. They fuon afterwards brought vfbussih 
hogs, with their legs tied, which they placed near the^boughs^ 
and retired a ice ond lime. Returning again they brought fewaiii 
store bogs, and fome dogs, with their fore legs tied oser jlsearCl 
heads,* and going again into the woods they brought ic*taai>l 
bundles of a fpecies of cloth manufactured by them, whibhithsysb 
placed on the beach, calling to the people on board t^fetoV- 
them away. The boat being fent 00 (bore, the feansen .broug^tov 
off the hogs, but turned the doga loofe, and 4eft she cfadeiieW 
hiucL In return for the hogs they left fome hatchets^ jaUsjav 
and other, things, making figns to fome of the Indiflns^iwafao) 
were in fight, to take them away with their. clot^-^ifioQW* 
after the boat had come on board, fays pur Journalul^eribiW* 
chaos brought down two more hogs, and called to vr tarfekh 
them; the boat therefore returned, arid fetched off, -cbii tsjpio 
bogs, but ftjll left the cloth, though the Indians made.fiona ahatru 
we should t»ke it. Our people reported,, that they hadna^toi: 
touched any of the things which they had. left upon the jbcaa^u't 
for them, and fomebody fuggefting that they would' s»ti4afeg:A 
our offering, becaufe we had not eccepted. their. cloth^I gassi- '- 
orders that it mould be fetched away. The event pcaaraJitfcatr;. 
the conjecture was true, for the moment . the boat <&a4iiak«rjti 
the cloth on board, the Indians came down^ftad-iWiiai eae^w 
poflible demonftration of joy, carried away all ■( hadrfiepf'sbsiim 
into the wood/— In this manner, as we may cajlc^.ifrs«t|lsfflq 
event, peace was firmly ratified ; .for from' (hi* (tisMiSt>-»egmsf eq 
trade was fettled with the natives, and a mutual JwMM^frsuflfciq 
confidence took place, which were not once interrupted tiusirferi 
(he whole time that Qtir people remained on tbu frpi^feflfcW 
pleaiaat tfland. ....; ■. lyj.iti-- jii sfancDi 

IfVp.Cball give another inftance of the. £ngubrit]tds^na1sife ' 
makers ox cutfoov, relative to the prefer* of^onVwbjckfij-fe 

'V,./" cu*. 

ftr mfiiimg Dljf»Airt nnW*/U* Mta»}MSrY. 

In tbe fofiow*g qwrtttWa, where we fold ^ wife aral 
ting prcfcnt* to the reurOrm of her hi 
n the 141)1 the gunner, l'.irt£ •<herc to riadc, pcK^ n 
i:]d «(xr^ en the other fuie or 
: when (be law cut {he hj^ drawn hit> attrition upon 
:r t the frat a young nut, who rtooc be her, over the i 
him, wjth a branch of the plantain tree in h*i hand. Whti| 
up, lie nude a long fyeccb, *nd then 1*H "down fcia 
c trie gamier', feet : arur Kb* he went back try) broo 
uSo old woman, arvothrr man it the fame time bringi 
ovtf MoUr^c f«t Hogs. The woman looked round upon > 
people wita yrcac attention, fixing her eye* to me time* opon 

and fcrnctimci upon another, and at lafl burfl into tc; I 
I'ae young man woo brought her over the river, perceiving the 
isVttiBccroaniaftixiiftment, made another .perch, 
h*-fu,t: (till however the w«man'*dinr<f* w*k amtftery, 
at length (he node him undcrfUnJ that he; hufKiTHJ, and 
of her fori, hie" been killed in the attack of the fliip. ' 
Deriaig tbu explanation. Die w»a fo aiTeclcd that at lilt flic 
fu*k liown unable to fpeak, and the two young men who - 
dettourcd to fepport her, appeared to be nearly in the fame 
coodhjen : tbey were ptobably two more of ber (unty or Tori 
vcitf near relations. 1 he gunner did all in his power 10 fo" 
conic* t ber, ar.d when (he had, in focne meafure, ret) 
rvfCv J*»RCO>ta£tion a flie ordered the two hog« to be dclivc 
10 bin>, and garc him her hand in tokcu of ftiendtfvp, hi 
vould accept nothing m return, though he cAvred ber ten tltntf" 
,«-m«cira> would have purchafed the hogs at marker. 1 

II the articles rf :utfic whleh our«oyager» had to orTer t 
pc tthc favours they had to >cHow, naii*. were nearly the high tit 
the cftamalaun oflbcfc iflwuleiK Wr do not hnwtui men* 
;io>» thta tircumttancc bo one of I \ nor are v. 

luspaiicd at the eagernefs with which fume of the nature! of ^ 
fupwri4>rr*n|c fctaed feme nails laid before then* by the Captain^ 
wrt- to dncovcr what prcicnt would moU gratify them, 

reference to <r»eta! gold ami fill (be 

fame u*i^ but whicfc they totally neglected. Among a {people 
wbo-avt an; poilieiVcd o( iiOfl, nor have the mi t ;Jca ci* 

i/idicial nrfica, and uto hast hitherto been obliged to few the 
plank-, of their tanojt* together, with a kind of pliited cordage 
paiod .Cfffougb hole* borod, by a very opwof*- proecfc, with a 
.-joe ixed ur-oa ftick, tbc Utility am n iron 

Sin -he fclf-evidenr. Accordingly though Capt. 
Wadiik.rbunJ m fctwd of metal bcrt, or in l he man v other ' 
iflam ted in hia covife tp Iinun, yet, he remark* that • 

1 etaoihaokanu o| all of them, the moment tnev got a piet« 
of aoniv JiicJloo, bc^an w ihaipeti if, W m-x^ uu 

sq8 , IbwWvrpith.^A^^f^/^^,,^ 

'which thefe Manders hare posWy acquired ^' mcariscjrffiipi 
yrfeich may formerly have trafficked, <k been caft away. 10 their 
Neighbourhood. * 

The ( great demand for nails and fpikes at O.ihettc wa$'|qbn 
productive ot" a circumftancc which mi^ht have becnattein&ei 
with ferious cofifcquenccs, though proceeding from a WdtdftjQus 
caufe. Among the Otaheiteans, male and female, the verjr'idci 
of Chattily appears to be totally unknown. The .female* fcjiW- 
«ver, who * are all hamlfome, and fome of them extrerhelr 
beautiful,' had been early taught by their parents and frftmfs, 
whp underftood the value of nails, and of beauty, and th'e'gftat 

demand at market for this laft commodity,' t<-, <>-..-* a nail. a 
„fhe price of their perfonal favours; and the fize of the ns^wj 



tiled' to pieces for the iron that held her together, befe-re th« 
'aptatn was acquainted with this clandcftmc commerce, which 
had been conducted with great fecrecy, though he had for fome 
time been a witnefs to the effects produced by It. To a temp- 
tation thus irrefiftible, and which eluded all his precautions to 
counteract it, he was obliged at length to oppofe the onJjW- 
tfeclual remedy, which confided in confining all his people to 
the fhip, except the wooders and watcrcrs, with their guard. 

Our limits obKge us to pafs over fome amuTing incidents and 
cefcriptions relating to this plea fa nt ifland and its inhabitants; 
to which, however, we (hall have occafion to return Tn our 
account of the voyage of the Endeavour. At prefrnt we (hall 
confine ourfelvcs to the collecting a few fcattered anecdotes re- 
lating to a woman of rank, named Gkeren % the fuppofed foy> 
refgn of thefe iflanders: a lady, who appears to have been 3( 
iuleeptible as Queen Dido, and to have had a moil fcendci 
attachment to our adventurers. 

dence or fear, — and flie behaved, all the time (he* wis oh board, 
with an eafy freedom, tha; always diftinguiuVi confeidus fupe- 
riority, and habitual command. I gave her a laVge blue ftiinile, 
that reached from her fhouiders to her feet, which I threw over 
ft .'iSer, and tied on with ribbands ; I gave her alio a Icoklng-gUft, 
'.'ij^eads of feveral foits, and many other things, all which ihc 


ji !'<. 


i*cl with i veil :- V°& y-W. a:id cpu. holeafuTe. 5Kr m$>* 
: I bad been »"'» »r»J pc.- the ihorc. J uMfr- 

to pa f c» 

• next morning.* — 

gunner attended her bark to her howfe, which waj ! 

tod well buih, covering a piece of ground 337 feet Inng, and 

ii.tfct of r. itof, thatched with palm 

rai'ed n; n ejeh rlrfr, an! t^ iiv The 

inlide, was tc feet 
of the joo£ vert 
■^f bcin^ open." 

pc. Wallis, attended by hi* fir ft 
id Mcrwife txen fick, together 
It furgeco and a guard, went on fn^ie to return this 
my Ptin; . i rather Queen/ tip the Cap 

. i"hc appeared to be, toon after eime 

\y rr.any of her at run d trtf " On their cntcrfnz 

iris, by the Queen's direction, Uo\ off 

i his (toiam^, And uullcd off* hit coat, 

nooth down the ftin, and g< i 

* The fame operation wax at fa pertVmrd 

tenant and tiic purfcr, but upon none of tnofe 

i to be ~.-\ health, While this wa» doing, our fiir- 

I'ked ri!l he was very warm, tnoV otThis u 

Bid refrefl-. himfelf : a tudcVn exclamation of one of flic 

t, drew the attention of the reft, and in a 

very -. <ej upon the prodigy, and every ope* 

the v- hole aflcuitdy flood fame time mo-* 

i I i merit, which could rot have been 

f they had discovered lhat our ft icncf* 

been to the trunk. — After a Jrtrlc time, 

ordered fame bales of Indian cloth to 

out, itch fhecloathetl me, and all rhitwero 

m of the country. At firft I 

favour, but 1 tins unwilling 

leafed w th what was intended to pleafc me, J ac- 

red a very Urge faw, 

lown to the boar, and accompa- 

iren dirctlions to her pexjple 

»: I cacne, hut ai 1 chofc rx- 

.., fhe look, nic by the arm, and whenever we came 

^^Tpf v with 

^H in; to have lifted over a chiM it' 

nis *$of;>itality an- 1 tender nefj, a prefenteon- 
■< •, &c. w.j next day fent to the 
:^'jj;uw, who found her tmn^aucntttxataswvx 


»P-!oiI*.!.aH8«Ww^ nftfw bo* 

ariiwSWoV f>ar*doK of this entertantmerifi aSttf ftfrffiW 
fet.btf ate htm, which fee med to confrit of fowl pietel 
apples cat among it,- and fcafoncd with fart W'arei, 
pears to be the only fence bf there iflanderi* Aftcr v tHe t^eeW* 
bad, with' her own hands, diftributed the meffcs,''brttu|to J i^ 
by the ferranta, to each of the guefts, fte fcaterf : iief reW'titafrt 
place fame what derated, where • two wom*f 9 plachi£ibWjAM 
ent on toch fide of her % fid bor\ fit opening btr nrntbyA^k^ 
brought their bonds up tuixb tbo food' .'.. :^.^X 

After, this the Queen was a frequent v Hit ant on board 1 the 
£bt p, -which ihe feldom entered without bringing her tfeWrftcnda 
art aci^e ptablc prefent of hogs, for which (he would accent oV bu 
retain in fhe way Of trade. Capt. Wallis wn toWeVeV &r 
courtly to .be outdone in generofity. In the courfe erf tnft*^ 
IftaVltfnd of traffic, we find him at one time making a vaStfefcU 1 
aiijrf ipjeodid return for her civilities, the particular ^t^WwW 
we alia] I give as a fpecimen bf this part of the intjercftfcitefea 
tweeh ftbefe two perfonages. « It confifted of two tutW^tw* 
Ecefe, 1 three Guinea hens, a cat big with kitten, fdtoe<*JhfeaV 
looking-glauea, glafs bottles, Ibirts, needles, threadi" ^loknj 1 
ribbands^ with a variety of garden- feeds and cotJetyOAMfifti 
The Queen, not to be behind hand, immediately feWW dWe* 
turn eighteen hogs and fome fruit. *°°' "•) oloi 

Some of her Oubeitean Majefty's prefents were of a rnore'oV 
licatc and flattering nature, and indicated taile. In one of trie 1 
vifits made her by Capt W. and feveral of his officei-ty •■-iQaal 
made ns all fit down,' fays the Captain, » and talcing off my 
hit, {he tied to it a bunch or tuft of feathers of various CDkrtirtjr 
fiich as I had feen no perfon on flwre wear but hcrfetf, which 
produced by no means a difagreeable effect. She alfo tied round 
mjnat, and the hats of thofe who were with me, wreath* of 
braided or plaited hair, and gave us to underftand thai bbtV 
the hafr and the.worlunanfhtp were her own.'— Or? paVtTtfg- 
wTth tier after this vffit be made figns that he flioold leave* th>' 
JCand in'feven days. On repeating this dtfagrecable intelligence^' 
* : Qxc burll into tean, and it was not without great ^difficulty: 
that He- was pacified. 9 mu *»a 

"Four days afterwards the Captain gratified her MaJtfJfytttttfco 
fhe view of feveral diftant object*, with which ftf w¥©w*W*fW 
qoaipted, through a reflecting telefcope. On this ^a*i&wrriiajtf> 
countenance and eefturea exprened a mixture nf %c4fitetnan*' 
delight which no language can dercribe.'— Onooittirr^ ttXfsfcad 
tmH day; flic afleed him by fitns, whether no fti?^paytjtafT£ 
i/i reflation of leaving the ifland at the tike rw'h^'fcosrfp 

lm£ Dijtnxrus m tbc Suakrn Htmjthtrt % bV. yfr 

and when be made her un^crflinJ that It wWfopofiblc he 
l^lfcQhjpnfif'* ' flic exptcafed hcj regret by a uooo.ul Lous, 
r a w/iJc wo* away her f^cech*' When vhc nine of 
crew cc-r, we hud tbc i^jecu c_\;ic«icJy agiucui. 

aiuvw>v£s. lo the afternoon, ihc fly eouueue appeared t 
hurt * tt -7 t«fiV dr/jW,* and Again came on soard ' She 
hftgugHt *ith cm," faya out Journal:!! very fine 

•e*c>. li<r felicitation, that 1 would flay tea days longer, 
villi get*? \ that flic wo mmUtJP' 

cpautur, aai bring me plenty of nogt, fowlr, and ttuat." 

TaapwTttto ■ i ._■ 


/•a 1 jrvuYi r'jSV «Wi f 

£kitl**% a*r vuti iuLa Udtiekuit edit. /r.oc'ii, lib. 4. 

the CipiJin, * to exprefs a prefer 

<cok of Her kindness and bounty, bat allured her thai I ihouU 

•.eaiauil. f-il tlie next morning. This, ai ufua!, threw her 

*r;, und after il.e recovered, (he enquired by figns when 

cd 10 CXpfCfc tift r :J flic 

u^n* for thirty,' — She {hid on board till night, and *t 
;rnw3 di&eult) that fhc could be pre^aaJod 
When five was told that the hfMifjfliL 
reedy (lie threw tci upon tbc arm-cheit, and .\ 

JCP^UfTyi -wi;a 30 excels, of pillion thai cuoJd nut be pea 
at ajrli ksiwtvo', t Hough with the greatcft relocrancc, the went 
Into the boat, and wjs ful lowed by her altrndaiiLi. 

p lata] day our Queen came en board in a double canoe, 
by fifteen of fixtccti n»«e. * Not being able to fpcafc, 
|owo, and gave vent to her pa£ion by weeping. After 
been on board abaut an hour* a breeze lpr;n£ui£ up» 
cooc and nude fail. Finding it now 
*to her canoe, the embraced us ail in the aictt . 
ttp*>«U manna, and with many tears ; all her attendariuO^pn at qui departure. $000 alter 1; fell cafa* 
upc*Q t'C L-nocs returned tu the l3»p» anj that 

wiuci- «***ccn on board came op to the gun- room pott, 

^oupie made it U it - Jo a few minute* the uti. 
tbonr.nfctoer cacoe, where flic fat weeping with inconsolable 
iotfow* 1 £«*c her m-cy tiling* which I thought would be of 
id ibnu: for ornament i flic ulcntly acc^pct4 
: tooJt little petite oj any tbieg. About uo o'cJock 
we.» tccf, ai».l a (reft brecac flinging uju 

0«t IndiaA t/icndf, aod particularly the Q^eeo, once more bide 
tt/ereweU idcrncf* uf a UeOion and grief, a* nUci 

betfr any Ikcajt and my ever.* 

TbHlrtMU) not, from the fpecitnens we have given of Queen 
OWrte'i exuerac lepSbility iod diftieft, and o\it i&vSvn* v* 


J02 Hawkefworth*/ Acczunt efthe Voyogtt 

tbe ftory of 'Qoee>i TJi Jo, leave dilV <en^r>hcdrtcd 1 
^cr apprelicnfions, for a morith to eomeVthar vdi' 
l\er new friends was followed by a cataftrophe as' b8 
of the Queen of Carthage, on the dcrdic*rJ6n i; dl f! ! 
Jhall fo far anticipate a part of the contents of the Alt 
volume, as to acquaint them, not only that this Ps*ii " 
'vived the departure of her guefts ; but that, nekr 
.afterwards, when (he again firft appears upon the fe'ttte; 
her in a very pleafaht fituation. Mr. Banks, attendfrifc _ 
levee for the nrft time, in the forenoon, blundered fnro HeV 
Majefty's bedchamber, where he found her in the arm^oft 
handfome young fellow of five-and-twenty, named Cfoin, 
whom (he had fele&ed as the object of ber favours. Our ©4> 
heitean Princefs appears to have been no more difconterted ©i 
the occafion, than if he had interrupted her at breakfan) ; Hail 
Mr. Banks was the only one of the party who was rodroU^lt 
at the accident: for fuch are the fingular manners and 
notions of thefe iflanders, with refpe& to a certain 
that the gratification of it never gives occafion to fcai 
is conducted with any degree of fecrecy. Accordii 
Majefty •, who had lain late that morning, haftily drrflea" 
felf, and then, as a mark of fpecial grace, having cloatbedlK 
Banks in a fuit of fine cloth, proceeded with him, wiffi rat 
greateft fang froid imaginable, to the tents. - J1 - 5 

'After a itay of about five weeks at Otaheite, the Dpte^ft 
pr Keeded towards the ifland of Tinian, Capt. WalHiV ffioty 
account of which tends in general to confirm that before gfveji 
by Commodore Byron. In his courfe hither (everal iflahdi J ' 
difcovered, which are here defcrihed. From Tinian lnV 
ceeded to Batavia, nearly in the fame track which hat 
followed by the Dolphin in her preceding voyage. *' 
tjre have already extended this article to a coniiderable 
we cannot terminate it without tranferibing the following'' t 
affecling narrative of the diftrefsfu! fituation of the Wai r an t 1 1 
c*rs of his Majefly's (hip the Falmouth, whom he round iTfljfl 
place, and which cannot fail to excite the fenfibillry, itti^bdf* 
fibly the indignation, oF the Reader. The hulk only of $H» 
vefiel was found remaining, lying in the mud in a rotten *y2oMr> 
tion. According to the report of his Carpentefs, whom? n't fen^ 
to inquire into her prefent ftate, * fhe was in fo ihattttVo*! 
condition, that in their opinion fhe could not be kept tojfetfc^f 
during the next monfoon. Many of her ports were wtteo 
into one, the ftern-poft was quite decayed, and therd WsfiftK 
plio? in her where a man could be (heltrred from the weaittft. 
TThe few people who belonged to her were in as bad a ftate'aS 

• ■' V '.W 

* After all, Obeica (as we are «-w affurcd) was nee Queen oT 

,:ci , 


rr/r? rfl f£v $;***wj Jlmffkffiy Ifc. jWjJ 
•un^ quite brol 

L3*£ ^TOWPcd 41 (0Ot\ -j the — 

■-::■■ . : 

icod io look aJV 

K ky order of the Dutch, liad b< . vh i 

toajfwain, by vcxiti en 3rw 
and irai rfi lorablc obfcil m a Di tch h -.. 

si' ■ ten : — that rhc car, 

■ m$ tondttKMi, tnd eve cook a wourvi 

y rcqu-ctlcJ that I would i>ic ehi ■ 

:harge. It wu wjr] 
ifluni iftal ■ : fc unhappy p< 

power to relieve them, and thit ;-* they hid 
i!x) tnu/I xvaft ordtn fro. 

i tf fhgU tr^r /rem &;; 

, *nd carmllly intieaui] chat I wcylH 
that It it.ighc be relieved. 

J, ;<-■; jrx'i pay due, in the expectation < 

. srd which now they wojM he content- U> 
Iwecpers, rather l-lan continue to ftijtf 
nt fituation, which were indeed very 
rfcJ to fpend a finglr night on ftiorc, 
i w_s ii c i coi dttion, iBil when they were fick, no one 
hey were, befide*, robbed by the Mo- 
il pecptuia) dread of beinj; 1 by th«m> m 
fhort time before burnt the $ j»n prize. I xi'i 

t utroofl to procure them relief) *r*J 
rt their eve*.* 
»ckr o ( rcution will probably br iricliaoo* 

rl '(- • il : it m our Marine Ijws, in ntx uufcfifl 

iQtin^ciicici of thit t;«d. lie thij z$ it rti 

ifc tiut the long banilUnuiit jnd wiftretfts of ;hc'e 

to the unfeeling and Ih-i Mention 

conduul navjl *ffjir». And yet, from l be 

of Cspc. Coo'eS voyage, it appear* 

ii of tricfc exiles wj> known berc » 

iar that ' * - -: iveie re^olarlp najrie ihcm from hone, 

msuy mmt'islf tktr > -*. .* 

I- fir.J tou that thefe wretch- 
■■aiug-intnemud cf Bittvia, 
l alf longer ; when at length, about f: ■. 
4 oil the Endeavour a; that | 
: Duich, who fold Ihe /emal. 
I, &nO had jutt before frnc iht 



fa Ebsu ovvn Alios. 


3O4 GowerV Addreft t$ tht PublU* 

After remaining tt this place a week, Capt. Waltfe pfrsjsjftshsl 
to the Capt of Good Hope, without meeting with an/ j " 
able occurrence, and arrived in the Down* on the Kftfr 
1 768 i having fpent about a year and nine months in tW 
of the voyage. ^ 

[T$ k antintud in nrr next. ] ...x 

Art. X. Am /Mrtfi U th$ Publit, rdrntbut H tbt pn&idHjftmtf 

Cbtjbirt, 4to. Eight Page*. To be had, Grmtti t of Mr* Ja- 
thurfl, Fleet-ftrect. 

WE have the plcafure of learning, from this JdJrtfa nW 
Dr. Foote Gower, to whom the public ii indebted far 
the " Sketch of Materials for a new Hiftory of Che/hire" ftnta- 
tioned in our Review for March 177a) hat been prevailed 9a 
to undertake the Hiftory itfelf, on that well- formed plan which 
he had fo liberally propofed to the acceptance of whatever com- 
petent hand fhould offer, for carrying into execution a dcjga 
of fuch confequence : generoufly content, on his own pap, 
with endeavouring " to wreath an honorary chaplet, that may 
adorn the brows of thechofen hiftorian, without preuiminc to 
the vanity (as he exprefles it) of placing it on my own *. 

For our part, indeed, it was eafy to perceive, on perufel af 
The Sketch, that it would be a difficult matter to noil a pcrfbo 
fo well qualified, in all reipe£b, for a work of fo much* 
nuity, labour, and difficulty, as the Author of thst anonj 
publication appeared to be, from fo ample and fo wdj-i 
a fpecimen. ■ ;jc1 

This Addrefs is dated at Chelmsford, in February r>*ti 
but a copy of it did not fall into our hands til! withii> 
few months paft. Had we met with it before, it would- 1 
been earlier noticed ; — perfuaded as we are, that it could 
fail of proving an agreeable article of intelligence to mat 
our Readers, that a work of this importance is actual 
dcrtaken by a Gentleman who is capable of executing , it {n't 
manner which cannot fail of rendering it ' as nmitnatgi^/^ 
retting, as it certainly will be prcvinrially curious and import* 1 ^' 

Dr. Gower fcts out, in this Addre&, with alluring thf js» 
quiring and approving public, that the utmoft exertion of \& 

• In one part of this Addrefs, the worthy difinterefted WritsrAJfc 
exprefTcs his ready acquicfcence in any other practicable pbuvdar 
accomplishing his ardent wi/h to fee an Hiftory of his native «ttaaty, 
written in a manner, in fome ineafare, equal to * the happftjagav 
krity, and to the real importance of the fobjeeV And, at thadlaar 
time, he nobly declares that, in fuch cafe, he will chearfnlly < icaya 
to abler talents, the very arduous taflc of the PfbiU Hifl»i**i %&b 
wall aflume to himfelf, with a fuperior pleafnre, only the fingfrpffr 
vincc of the very liberal, and thtfrivttft SubfcriberS 

'" leiftut 

: efffltt fl :'.. fjktof* i Fii/hry tfthtfi 

..hich \it 


to comciir 1 


. rfrarchei 
mc general 




I fcl 

■ ' 

>rhn[e of i;j . ... 

irge. frum the .11- li . 
hefc nr.t;ii!) con ./* io pobtk oftcct, o* '««■ 

' r«e or gfarni i <f of iVeiwy ar^l /«- 

IdtirelTcr, is fuffoeriitjr known 

I pif- 
An4 rfce rr^t 

aa in or, hum «a# o. tie #»- 

ich (i«j arc *?icero ; a* the Author t>ir.n on«e 

rimccu*. AM Uic i*bilicits of ienfcj 

mcani oqiul io ihc iovcftigation of then.— With regird Io 

■maitir-g ; tl ' *«»! *a£#v^r ; he mci*)* 

all luck a» ir.ij be 

ia And t? r 

- of hi? wiflio aod inuriu 

up o' ?*■* i f i!! !?»«■ fa- 

; ieiiei . ihe .. n'hiA 

djw l-Wrs/ — i4ly, Th* ancient y?J*> of t)»e cor- 

I aoi i«3ij,ic*.5, .ir»J of the u.cral f*m;lu.', as fir 

caa be ctillct'lcii from authentic i . iliefc J- 

»**f ly #ffi* ihWreJ ; ami ;;rc intended io brcqulty 

' ibeti'col. chc4ix - 

uorfu-vjy. t n -i> t tirur, an 

ib of «a«:h particular Jai 
_pcjJIy. — j^Ijr, PUni *»i vi<w> of *i! 
rtUfkmt kttjkt i jbor of * 
lataoapt of thu anAltJatitv iii ■** " '•Ui«rW« fa 

"-."-tiiaiw tm M,. : *:i ufl, -• - kti-Art* ui Mr. t«— 

»vua£i 'utciy nccefjai 

The f< ; concii"ca< 




306 Gowct'f Addrtfi to the Public^ 

sices exifted in a Gate of entire prefcrvatiou .— .jthly, Plans and etf- 

•vattoas o/ our moll elegantly pleating and Gothic clurchet r ^tt)&jL 

■The Juvtftucus mcnwatnss, and curioufly painted glajjj as thr^'extnwl 

in the feveral churches of this county, in the year [596 : thuVcSS- 

in/;* already exceed two hundred} and an intended coritintiiSwljXf 

them to the prefect time will make a confiderable addition tp'tipr 

-number. — 6tbly v The arms aud local curiosities ex i fling inttbftfif 

• OUT ancient halls, &c. — 7 thly. Engravings of tbofe remains w&icn 

maybe ftriflly and properly ity led antiquities, — Roman, Saxori, ac'd 

Daniih camps and tumuli: curicus vcfliges of any of chefe nation"?; 

with delineations of every local and ancient relic, which may be 

worthy of the attention of pofterity. 

4 Influenced by the confideration of thefe numerous materials, iM 
of the very confiderable expence which will attend the arrangemeilt 
'and publication of this Provincial Hiftory — and which the moll ex- 
perienced judges upon this fubject cftimate at four thou/and guiutai— 
.many Cheihire gentlemen of diftioguifhed rank, and many others, 
patrons of works of national importance, have adopted, what tjicy 
' fuppofe, the probable mode of defraying it, upon the genera] tenib 
of a Subscription. But, that the amount of this fubfeription may, fa 
fome xneafure, be afcertained for the Author's reimburfement, wiy 
Jiave wifhed him not to attempt the arrangement, and Rill left the 
printing of h)l collection, till half at Ieart of the preceding efliw'sie 
is abiblutely collected. And they hope ihat a depofit of Five Gtf- 
meat upon the opening of the fubfeription, with zfimilar depofit Upoa 
the delivery of the Firft Volume, will compleat the whole of dps 
c&matcd expence. ; '"'■:} 

The P L A N • ' : * ."' 

* (1) The work will naturally be introduced with n ' wntfil'A- 
fcription of the county : in which will be given fome intertfflrnff ac- 
counts of the manners of the inhabitants, their paftimet, C 
and ufages ; their particularities of dialect and of adages ; 
with the rife and progrefs of the fevcral rivers, the nature Of 
foil, the products, commodities, and manufactures.— 

* (2 J The defcription of the cuftoms of the inhabitants of tkii 
county, will naturally lead to the Angular privileges, and the Vetr 
peculiar jurifdictions which they enjoyed under their ancient Earji, 
or local Monarch* The particular hiftory of each Earl from the rr- 
mo teft xra, and of each Monarch, will be given ; his alliance's aid 
defcents ; his exploits in war, his treaties, and his arts of peace. 

' (3) The hiftory of thefe local Monarchs will infenfibly carry ss 

to a defcription of the capiial of their monarchy ; which will iodide 

an account of the form of government, the junfdielion;, lifts of ma- 

giftrates, variety of revolutions in Afferent periods of time; thejfi- 

gu'arifv of in .■•''. and • .■' -:r : : -z.zas; together with every thin* 

t'--- ■ ,■ ■• ■■■'■' -e to the moft ancient and ctlc- 

■1 . <•- .. ..-**- 



this article am abrttpd, §m& 6m 
t"»t I -to *ri :.'/. ti..- :\j</ 4 i... ,i ^ ,. . - 9 JroJU 

ytfChfi re. 

"^■i II fe ami 

i an alp *iSe-*x! fei«4 . tnJ tin i 

* l.uadftd wil. b* eqtiiliy *lc»habetH 

vn<\vpi or 
J iafrrtof r»arK*»;— nW r:i 
ci of them » f*r back - i b* 

-« and defcemi — their mant'inaa a*d 
wal eircirrmlam it w 

m*/bc wonhy of /ccoidin>, aid of transmitting Co 

(mJ rf arm^frrcC tnflfli will be 

lion of' all ;*fttn remain* iron* tae 

-, Dm -fa, and Norm at prno -nn», bav- 

. iui religion* 




Siven a 

:ir«i hiloryof thii county: inwWch tV-mli** 

ifrorfib!e, be aloertaincd. when it became enlightened 

'.i:li— the firft fofndttom of hi eptfoonaj 

Trent-— ami the roAorarion of j; otucr i Gigbtk;— 

nt of iis Prelates, and of ibe mart di*iaj>«ilaetl<fii* 

it* &f *? ; i»d a pifti- 

oi" ill the furcd eJiacoi, ci . cWeoea, 

tfig«#< ilplabrtkiaj (eric*. — Thia ducrtpnon will comtpre- 

cach churvh ia dedicate*! to ; toe an mil wr. I 
feaft o' nn j the U ; the a- !*»id- 

of ;*e ftra e monomtnuj infcriptico*; tke 

internal drlineacront j the lift ©i" ix.cimbcnU > ifce 

ot ; -mrh every other mnanrable arv4 intfrtftiag circum- 
<a> may t< llik.Iy tnd pare! 

il liciiol ui. [>g«iDcnt aril! be the ftveral lilb 
anil E&aglfteatck, wafch have alw.tyt bt'tn 
rtary ai appenJage of fucb a work as r 

, the cullo-ic; rxalCfuro, 
t» of . at, high (heriffV, . nnd tepr. 

f onion with [tarn! aJhi 

. !ith. 

tfiecti u ended flitter? ; a plan imireJy 

U of any ctbrr provincial hi tor/. Uut the Author 

frlf, tl foni *rr tliii diffcieacc wjtl fc far recon- 

enc, ai to max: i: app:rr ri:h^r an »;■ 

Ml .Tjrri'/r/iinguUiii/. All our [>: 

<■ in : tion, rather n 
<< j to be confulted otetfioaally, than any 
' ■ to be peruM with pleslurt. The 

J bf- a cooiIduaI change 
:*c Jhould be neither cniivcaed, 
•fj. ^.— when an oople 

©f iacohcren: and incomiilene topic*, oblige* even ihe njrr,ir$r to 
cento**? hirafclf, rather as a mere eMB?r/rr, than ai AH •Qtarpl 
IC4 en: ri**, But farrly, in a work of thia naiurc, it 

■ not aU"u;u:cl. idt*l tu attemnt an intejnuxiurc of tin. 

X i 



308 Gower'r Addrefs to the PubIU t &£* 

the duUi. The Reader may be epttrtaimd* aE the fame time thai ho 
si infwmtd. And the writer's genius max ^ c morc awakened, and 
hii abklitias inorc exerted, to exec ate the wof k Wfth feu ' 
precifion, when bis whole attention is entirely ooUeClea/ 
to one finglc and id variable fubjeft. 

• After this apolopy for the jUiulathj of the /Zo, the Author 
begs the permiflion of the public — before he finally clofes this Ad^ 
drefs to them — to offer fome apology for the fccaiftflfltjfa tdjtmyf 
the expente of this performance. He wiihes then, drffideniiy/ trPre- 
mind them, that,, if the propofed fubfcnption fhould appear htffcer 
than ia nfual, the charge which will neceflarily attend tfeu HifioJrfc-' 
agreeable to tha preceding faithful -and concife detail «f jt — wilrbt 
u nnafually expenfive. And, though he is far from mfinaa.ting aay 
comparative excellence between Carte's General Hiftory ef jwaajf 
fad the prefent performance, yet be wifhei equally ro-remhid than?, 
that the public-attention was fo far awakened to th\i Writer'***' 
icription of his very nomerous .materials— that they. geoorwa% 
granted him their indulgent patronage, not in proportion to'tlfa'jfis/ 
of his intended Hiftory, but In proportion to tie great tafmtih 'aaV 
•die Twftntte la four, which appeared evidently to attend it. A*)d fct 
jrids too* with the molt fenfible plcafure— as being a work of a*!*** 
&1 and moft tatred import— -that the public patronage is at a*«feat 
-munificently extended to the learned Dr. Kennicott's C+UojUb e/kf 
HdrrwManvJwrjptt, not in proportion to theyftwof the infpke4 t«*V 
-nnt to the am**htg charge which w*Jl attend this collation.' •*. - / 

We have, as friends to every undenaking which tends «o-da* 
advancement or credit of any part of our country, the fatfS- 
fa&ion of hearing, that fome of the principal Ecntlcmctr^oi 
Chcfhire have fubfertbed liberally toward carrying on this gr^it 
and expenfive work. At the fame time, however, we arcftWy 
to learn that the county, at large, have by no means follpj^d 
fo public fpirited an example : deeming, perhaps, the fsraa of 
Ten Guineas to be too confideraWe +.— But the public, at 11 
faid, have been much more munificent than the county > bernf, 
-we fuppofe, well allured, that in ai* expenfive undertaking) of 
this nature, the Author muft be actuated, not by a principle 
of lucrative advantage, but of enthufiaftic, yet proper^ 'and 
becoming regard for the honour and ornament of bis native 

• coujU y- . 'V V u 

- " ' :■ ■!' Q 

-J- Surely not ! cfpecially as we hear that thefe three large volume* 

■ are to be decorated with very near 1 00 folio oapper-piatea, ^"'j****?* 

and engraved by the molt ingenious amfls. . ..„. i,,.^ 

•- .*SwVj 

■ • ••• i«M:>J 

• ■ -v nsmb 

( 3«9 ) 

For OCTOBER, 1773. 


Ar*. i of c Sx'ttv at j{m/it'dt\m y inftitu! 

io<d Adrjatagf that voaM a«»ue to 
Great Britain from ft fim>Ur extended to C*fci <-: 

hr D«ap» in Mi*ca,£, fcaupliag, Ci-ii.^, «nj 
c;her Ai*.iC<it»- Jly A .cwi.dcr Jofaafcn, M.O. *vo. z*. 

TS pampntc; CCcfiftl cJrtcfiy of attnfti fruro tlic Mcmair* 
the amfitr^tm Bethtf trf whidl in account h. \na 11 

tic JfttK* j;;t ind 4-ib volumes. 

'-.nfcrtbing upward* of iixty aiflorici from cheMeftOsri, 
; rial tijclotluwioR general jcrV> 
' Tti ig caie* afford proof fulStient ofa furprtfoff iocctai 

faring drowned prfjin. Oilier publicnicus in England help 
too>a*oftr1ra4c, tor only t>!e pr . of that, 1 prove 

e exam ofed with fo mocb efficacy ia rcco*c*ia# dr." 1 
peifrtJ. arc, V':tk equal iuceci;, appJica.b'.< to a rnnltitadc o. 
wWcxc tSe a&jtatl powers :'ccm in rraltiy to he only fafpetiJtd. and ia> 
irriaun capaUe n renc^infc all their Tun. being 1 pat into* 

iftacioa *g** B - There are too rainy inltnneea, where the waotof thit 
^EafuieracciB am been attended *irrt the mcfl unhappy eon! 
^^Kn) have been committed to the grave, la wbfr.a trie pria- 
iijjht have been rcyned.* 
Some further niftorio and ublcrvitioni arc (Hen rtlatcd, io cor*> 
fi.tnsrfon of thoft puhtiitad by die AmiSeidim Society. 

Tfte taodabie defign Df thii publication, ij to excite * fmilir atten- 
tioa to tae prefervation ol-th* live* of the lub^c?* c-1 t>r**t Britain. 
Art, ij. Aftmurt $/ tbt Society inflitutrd #* Amfttrfam 'm fjv&r 
tf Jrwsr.f Ptr/ttt. ^o^ the Yeari 1767, t- 

*:ed froo the Ordinal by Tfcocta* Co^aa, I 
Knbisfon. 1 
On the ornmenccment^of chii laudable aSbci:- 
d- ItotfiaJ lii/eitifetBeoi wt ■ uwd !'* :le 

iky of Am Vrdim and other places, in order to mike the in emtio* 
aTOm fc< erally knrm-n at nr»ffihr>. 

AUVfUriSEMlN ;. 
• Ta* society lately formed in Amrterdxtn in favour of drocmrd 
perioas, bciet dciiioui of Ulorming alt the in2ubiun:i of ll 
rrovintei of their chatitable dcfijns, have judged it ur»t^r 10 
e«b»ifh io thii m4f«er a brief fa mm ary nf tNeni 
cirCBnali»rtial ;n a pericecal wpcr, ifitirlc*. rhe Pailolophcr, Vvokh 
appealed at Amixrdani, in the months of ^upalt, September, and 

QUfibcx. tha» ><ar. 

. dncfcr ihall produce a rcpular ccrti£^at:. proving tbat Wy 
tW ale of the proper rrvcthodi, he hit recoveKd a ywun t^ci(ou wt 
efeiM, «Aa» is* l^een faarea our of the wattr aUYioc xny ti^- 
iteikiU ncdvt for /ccoaipeiwe ^.far rfar.iri, o: a ^ela*£sa miu crl 

31a Monthly Catalogue, Medical. 

fane value, on which his name fhall be engraved', aawripri^^jSj^ 
option. r ... %; 

' II. At it may happen, that federal pcrfons may have apffefCj 
medal, or the fix ducats, mail be bellowed according U the" 
can agree it am on git themfelves. » . _, 

* III. In order to be entitled to the reward, they are only . to prjj,, 
duce a written declaration, figned by two creditable perfonsy noti- 
fying that they were witnefle* of its being due to the claimants* 

* IV. This declaration is to be transmitted to Mr. P. Meyer, and 
upon its being proved authentic, the reward 11 to be conferred within 
a month after the faid declaration has been given in. 

* V. Where any neceffary expences have been made at inns or 
other places, thefc fhall be repaid (independent of the premium) pro*, 
vided they exceed not the fum of Jour ducats ; and that whether t}tt 
drowned pcrfon has been recovered or not, if it mail appear, ihat tie 
money has been expended in making the attempt. ; 

* VI. If any furgeon or phyfician have ufed their utrooft endea- 
vours to recall the patient, and have not been otherwifc paid fbrUgdg 
trouble, they fhall be equitablly rccompenfed, by the feciety, whether 
they have fucccedcd or nor, upon fending in their account, prpperif 
attetled, to Mr. Peter Meyer, bookfcller. J 

4 We moreover afore the public, that fuch afliilance is no infringe 
ment upon the laws ; for thofc laws, proposing the public good far. 
their object, not ouly permit fuch unfortunate pcrfons to be tate""! 
out of the water, but every fuitable meihed to be tried, in ordef in 
rellore them to life ; and the edicts relating to this fubjcQ will M 
fuflicicutly obeyed by acquainting the magiurate with the cafe, wacfi 
the attempt has been made in vain. '.'*• 

* The molt fuitable methods to be purfucd reipscllne the drownei 
as experiments made both before and fince the eftabliihment of-our 
fpeiety tcilify, are as follows : * 

* i. To blow into the through a tobacco pipe, a P*V 
of bellows, or the (heath of a knife, cutting cjf the lower point. 
The fooncr this operation is peiformcd with iorce and affiduity, the 
more ufeful it will prove. If a lighted pipe of tobacco, or fujni- 
gator conftru&cd for that purpofc, be made ufc of, the operation 
will be more erieclual ; for thus, inilcad of fimple air or wind, 'flip 
warm initating fumes of tobacco arc introduced into the intcftina. 
In whatfoever manner this be done, it is in general the firft thing 
that can be tried, and can he executed without lofs of time, either 
in a boat or upon land, in Jkort, wherever the drowned perfon wu 
immediately placed. 

* 2. I: will be neceffary as foon as pofEblc to dry and 'warm the 
body with care, which will often be quite fodden, fometimei'abfe- 
lutely cold, benumbed, and even ftifl*. This can generally be 'do4* 

.with cafe, and that feveral ways : for example, by a warm fliirt 1 ,' [liid 
the under clothes of one of the affiants ; by one or more"Woollea 
blankets previcufly warmed, by hot embers from a brewery,' bait* 
houfe, fafCern, foapbcilers, or other fabrics ; by the Cons of animals, 
(fpcunlly of meep ; by a moderate &te, or by the gentle and natural 

warmth of healthy perfons o\ac\n% ttamfeVica \xi \k& «\xk xkp 
drowned. WJiilll the two precedw« nwtata ix% ^\o# WvA 

MoKTHtT Catalocct, AfcaW. 


and affidut'ty, St may be %rry frmcnble to mike nfe 

mi i!l over the Ixvty, p*rt;tnl-i;ly down t\t fjxne ot 

the neck to the rump, with wasoi SiancJi, or clothe* 

!y; or fprinbUd with fine dry fait, or with linen 

br jriJy, or Tome ftronjr. vi>l*tilc (ah, a the fptiiti of ana* 

ngniacal uks, fr.ould a!fo be applied to the eon rib or rvb^Mft vpoa 

of the noil roit may alfo prow* be- 

- ^o« not any wine, or brardy, or amy Ur*np lifter, uixed 

i cr other ftimulnnu, lhoufd fee r-c-urcd down the th root 

foox hum <>\ Life are perceived. T neat ha* 

pro; ;r of the a. !i*c 

of the drowned, cloflej the i t nana, t«rt pre! 

left bfeali wit* the other, bin •. 

,i the beginning, thti - i-,m: bo at 

HHcacio'i* as blowing tip tbe fcndiment. Ia a worJ, to driw bkoJ, 

, is ?ooa as it ii poftlblc, from ■ larger rein of tfeo* 

itsVST, thoolc by no «:eun* !>• rttgtofM. 

Thrfc are the otcrt proper and approved methods in l'ucb eafa. Ir 

s>ue* to bf ivithrd, th.n. foe th« latere, nooe %*e»* coffeya* 

only be prejudicia tern upoa a barrel, la& 

tatm bv rosea ■ndev the anna and ■ -r, 

finer no body can aft rm with certainty that tv- drowned bt realty 

- firm or" porfefaftton on tha body, we hope 

t till then all pofliblc efforts may b nd that ia«A *ho 

any other ra :i comotui .1 to at. 

M my pcrfoo*, who hive been fu *:t-rap"». not 

1 !.ii m tfce reward, we defire iherra rcnfriihtfaodiag 10 

W as o* ill the eirtami' r, that we may nuke ufe 

' /rmatifra whenever our iocioty Ihail pabljlh any thing apon 

(bciety, (which Dr. Cogau has here gircn tba 
Reader in ae Englilh di> Bin tlic whole uf the cast* a% >r 1 

•obi:. lety, tne means employed for recovery, and 

: Sari tbat the tvam rWS was employed ia any of th* 
rd, it a meant 01 recovery,— WoalJ not this b* an 
tod effect cil way of rctloring the natural heat of cbc 
ntty one power ft I ftep towirdi pfopw 

uai C&juv By a Society 

I. Part II. &eo> i5.0d, M«TT v--. 

oew medical pubticacioas, and fbmc afaftrieii rroro botfc 
rprucal ind Foreign Transitions. 
Jnjcr the head of Mt4U*l V&ftrwh*: t we hare three ca4e*\-— 

'-:nt, with the appearances oa dif- 

I : Roche, oJ Gen 

* On diiTeeltiKi, Cay» the Doctor, 1 found alcct tuelve o«nce*of 

yf%\ ; part of which wi! CJntained in tfce ventrktei of 

train, and the reft in bagi, formed by a lengthening of the aote- 



Fa the Firil F*rt, ice Monthly Review for Jew, o. c^ox. 

3i* Monthly- Cataiqpvk, MifrifattAu 

rior ventricle*. Thcfe bags reached the dura raiicr, v\-iih which they 
'were in contact about aa inch above the frontal fin us.: Every other 
oart of the body was found perfe&Jy in its natural Aste. ft nufr be 
remarked, chat this hydrocephalus was atteaded with none o£ thb& 
fymptoois fo accurately enumerated by Dr« White Thia patitntwks 
neither affe&ed with headach, vomiting, nor flow fever. It maij^I 
think* be a qoetLiqn, Whether the hydrocephalus was the csnft of 
the epileptic Hts, or merely a concomitant cffcdl : I am inclined to she 
Jatter opinion ; but I think it probable, that the compreffion it occa- 
sioned produced the pal fy in the arm.' 

2. The hiftory of an obflinate epilepfy relieved by the flowers of 
jAnc. And, 3. An account of the diffcclion of a man who died of 
the hydro thorax. ^ . 

Among the articles of medical news, we have a (ketch of the life of 
the late worthy and ingenious Dr. Gregory. — And an account of n 
uncommon acci4cnt which lately occurred at Edinburgh. 

' A gentleman of about fifty years of age was thrown down with 
confiderable force upon the floor of his own bed-chamber. He 

£ itched upon his ftioulders, and being remarkably round mouldered, 
is head was jerked faddenly backwards, but did not touch the 
floor. He was inftantly feized with a general paralyfu over Us 
whole body ; upon which Mr. Ajexander Wood was immediately mm 
for, and Dr. Monro was foon afterwards called in. They found him 
with all his fenfes, except that of feeling, perfectly entire; but he 
was totally deprived of the power of motion ; and he had little iha* 
fation upon any part of the trunk of his body being touched. Hk 
voice was in no degree affected ; refpiration went on aa ufual; and 
he complained only of a llight pain in the back part of hit neck. >■ 
fpight of every remedy which could be employed, his paralytic fofcp- 
toms continued, a lethargy fupervenea\ and- he died within a fie* 
minutes of twenty-four hours from the time of his fall. 

' Upon examination of the body after death, the third vertebra of 
• his neck was found fra&ured ; but the fpinal marrow did not fteaa 
to be hurt, and its membranes were not in any degree torn. Every 
othcr.part which wa's examined was perfc&Iy found.' 
Act. 14. The Effcfii of Injections into tie Urethra* and the Ufe 
and Abufe of thofe Remedies in the Cure and Prevention of tit 
virulent Gonorrhoea briefly confidered. With occasional Remarks 
oh the Nature of that Difordrr, in Anfwer to fome modern Doc- 
trines. 8vp. is. 6d. Whiiion. 1773* 

This is a well written pamphlet, and contains fome juil caatioaf 
with refpccl to the fubjeel in que ft ion. .". \ < 

Miscellaneous. '■; ■' 

Art. 15. The Rat-Trap; dedicated to Lord Mansfield, and '«% 
drafted to Sir John Fielding. By Robert Hollo way, Gent. '8toi 
as. 6d. Allen. M * 

Mr. Holloway feems to apply hii talents folely to the defperkrt' 
and dangerous employment of mtnjler- painting. See Review for 
June 1772, p. 417. ^ " ' ■■ ;' "™ 

■The objects who principally figure in the prcfent production of ail ; 
pencil, are fome of the rouuon yaftkn S&\&0aMn*4x«ev, Wr* 

Monthly Catalocv*, MifitlktMtt. 313 

aarir train of raeaeft, mmwf t n # , and other boll-dogi of the law ; 
aaai xn norriWe gtoc.n he has mntft of them ! 

Mr. II. is to well xnown, from hrs frecjocnt jddrciTcs to the pab- 

1 in 1 he newt-paper*, that it is u»neccfl'jry for u\ to encer c:ic-i;t- 
i «i the content 1 of chit balky bvt fpiiired rerforrnance,— • 
He loudly ce-eaplaia* of Oie weffivv? wr:ing* wbich he Oryi he haa 
reeriird <roca i*vr>*v#ryh/j, Arc He eomffei that he hat been nd- 
mtifed and pTofeeated as n former and felon ; that be ba« been a 
bankrupt, aud tkat h< ' (hall be 1 bankrupt again :' but he in£lli 
that he is culpable only in pu : nts of/p.'£\ r*rfr trttiiw, and fre/taVt/ 
f iaally, ae atoa-i Hn Axed refolucton to be avenged of hi* enemies, 
fee the iftfuppoctabte indignitiei and injuries which they have c*Jt 
apon him ; asid ae d< lively, 00 doubt* that * nothing 

c Wood of the afpie which iliujs hii:i, •:.;. c; trait the venom 
ircto hit ttiittated mi 

The magiftrate againl whom hit btttcreft aecufationr and inser- 
ftret ara ai?»cd v it a joftue B. who, he <xyt, naa !>«J to the humble 
bailncG of making or vending rat traps : this illattrates the wi: of 
Oqt Auibor'a title-page* 

Taotc who are curious (o know what i> Mr. 1T» pmfeffiun. wiJl 
Intra all that we have learnt on this head, from the following pafTigr, 
retracted from one of h:s letters to Thomas i. ;. — * Sir, it 

tftoeli not bare difgraced your candor » a mnn, nf>r Icflencd your 
daty aa a macillrate, Sad >ou, for one moment, taken a view of my 
m. and looked upon me as an ojitti 11 tht arrtr, whole coo* 

Cfeon was at take— at .1 man preparing himfrlf for a famii? At 
boaring to procure his livelihood by fair and honourable 
■rtcliceV (Ve. &e. 

A» Mr. H. propofes to entertain the public with the frcond perl 
ssf tKis Rat-trap, and with other orodutii im oi his volatile pen. he 
will do well to avail hlmfetfof I friend!/ hint. vh. that !. 
wiil not be the lefs efteemed, tlionld he vouch f«fe to pay a little 
attention tocorrce'.nc^, and to ^ramitur, — and even to inc 

• M rVt«»/rri "*—tkm explained by our Author i — ■ A cant word 

•Ha trading juflkw, tkief-eateher% and rsarflialT* court baitfrrs, for 

wrctcaes who get taeir bread by g^isg (Wear whit 

nd ftecetTary/ And he adds Si* % jtltmm prtttjlatianj trut, 

to ail itrtarm ixemAtj*, sre moll infer, ' there arc hthfu •fe*lh \ 

jctu may engage a man id facar an ntndsr.c, which be never read. 

wiih as litrjr ceremony at you engage a journeyman taytar/— Here 

:. lubjoini the following jiift relied ion on the (hnmefu! want of 

nity, and even decency, in the alba] manner of admimft/ing 

oote; before a ) cilice, and wc amy add. even in our court, of law. 

(1 It not a bujlckjue on oil thai b rclij»ioui or in 
to hear 1 faered obligation entered into without farther admm 
tfcaij, " You lr-*ll triii; antwrr make (who pays, who pays. 2 ) to all 
on*/ 1 A:c. A pretty pirerthefn. I confefs i -wbt f+yt ? 
may be a proper iacuiry foe a turnpike man in a harry . bu. 
rrajillnse enuutted, cvcutujUIy. wills the live* ;iad ^to^cti.; 
reople, 'tis a ibamr/v/ mockeo' of the intttttiuort/. 

314 MoNTutY Catalogue, MifceU**mu .-' 

humble circomftance of true, fpelling : in which I ait rcfpeQ ffiBjjfcMl H 
or his pripter, or both, have, in the produ&on before us y becq ,in- n 
tolerably negligent. - ^ , " ^, 

A"- J 6. Am Effay en tbt Mtant of producing mtral Efftfts frm 

fhyfkml Caujcs ; or, of infallibly extirpating the Roots of natio^jjj. 

AnitnoJuy among the North and South Britain* ; and of eftab4$u,,. 

:ng a permanent Popularity in Administration, by the Efficacy -of 

lOnciphne and Diet. With Notes critical and explanatory. £vb«* 

i s. Williams. 1773- 

A piece of folcmn humour, written with the gravity of Ccrvsntea 
©r Swift. It is the work of fomc ingenious North Briton, and will/ 
contribute, with the writings of Arbmhnot and others, to refute.*- 
notion which hath pretty much prevailed on the fouth fide of the 
Tweed, that humour is not to be found among Scottilh writers. 
Ait. 17. Tbt Pbyfuians. A Satiie. With other Poems. To 

which is added, a Specimen of an Enquiry (wanting ti/t Mind* , 

hvo. is. d. Bladon. 1773. 

One couplet from this Satire on Phyficiars, will be, fufhcicnt.tyt 
evince the Writer's poetical merit : 

4 He that void of know lege doth pradkifc, : ,/ 

I call a mete aiTafiin in difguife.' 

So much for the ver(e» With refpect to the Author's profit— hit 
fckct Propcfiicxs contenting tbt Mind, which he here pupUfhca as \ 
Jpecimen of an intended larger work, — we' have only to obferve, that 
it appears to have bewildered himfelf ; and that the Reader who at? 
tempts to follow him through bis metaphyfical labyrinth, 4naJt t .ia) 
courfc, be no lefs bewildered. 

This very indifferent writer intimates fosnewhat of an apology for 
the incorreclnefs and errors of this fpecimen; urging the ' numerost 
difad vantages of his iituation in life, under which he has profci 
cutcd thefe enquiries ;' — his * want of leifure for due examination,' 
&c. But if his Iituation in life be fo unfavourable to the attainment 
of literary or philofophical excellence, wherefore does he trouble tie 

Cublic with his crudities t If his fortune is not affluent, is it likely to ' 
e much improved by his unadvifedly contributing to increafe she 
general flock ofwifle paper? 

r X hefe remarks may teem harfh to the writer whofe perforaaice 
Bath given cccafion to them ; but if he lhould happily poffefs tejftr 

Er and judgment enough to draw the proper conclusions from tbec, 
will regard us, not as fnarling ciitics, who delight in mortifying 
an unfuccefcful fcribblcr, but as hoficft men, who benevolently endea- 
vour to ict right the devious traveller, wJipns they perceive ID hare 
Jott his w:-y. t.. h 

Ait. 18. Narrative of the Mutiny cf tbt Offiuri sf tbe JrmyM 
Hcngal, in tie Tear 1 760. Written by Henry Strachey, Efq; Secre- 
tary to Lord C'iive during his Jail Expedition 10 India, and lastly 
given in Kvidcnccto the Secret Committee of the Houie of Umv 
mors. 8vo. 35. 6 d. fewed. Beckct, &c. 1773- - ,;; 

The very extraordinary combination of the officers of the EngVM 
army in Pt-hgal, in the \eait \jb$ and V,<&* vim an event which at- 
tn:ud the aoticc cf the public, as (oou aV\\Www:Yw**u«i Wan 

Monthly Catalogue, MiftiRmcw. 


be* vr never hid * foil ace! complete tcxcun! of it, lift tbts COrfoai 
nd i irr made it* jipprtiiwt. Thectaftruf difcoa-* 

3 tie miiiny, i- thai re!- 
my rean fiece tee I piny; io <«fi deration 

of t^ ;»niry exMece* and snconrt&icncies unavoidable I 

tbf campaigns in that country, indulged the officer* in 
lib a certain alkiu-ame iVr tfnne, exclulhv of their pay. 
ance originally went, and ftill gor$ by the name of" battl?* 
or field exproon. 

'vVhcn the En 'life forcei took I ii conjunction w\th tbe 

Nattfb JaSicr Alls Cawn. alter the battle ofi'laiTcy, oar mifiurjr ex- 
prneri were, agreeably to treaty, defrayed by bii eicellrney, who 
likewise thoeghr. pro p«r to enemfe the enolumenes of the oeV - 
by (Mating t stm a double allow ancr, which of coarfe obeairca tee 
naiuc of M double batta -,'• *od Lord < In*, nt, in cedce 

ikn the jjeotieaen iHouli not too coafsiieatiy depend upon the u»* 
tianancr of this new boaney. rcpicrertcd :o them, that it was merely 
iporary indulgence of the Nabob, an fodelfrenca not enjoyed 
by o.. i ■ any other pin of India, and coald only cootinoe-ta 

thofc in bccgnl during pJejfurc. The excencc of 

doable Lutta» however, th mtrodaced*nd pud by J&iEcr 

I L'awn, v OfA at time, rhrown uion the Cornpaary ; 

Mfce) uooiBwig to adopt inch an etptn.ivc precedent, norwithibc-ding 
rceenocs of feieral diflrich o. L land* had been a Hit nod over.bp 
ibeNabob to the Company for defraying the charge* or the arxnr. 
■eycatcdiy slfocd orders, in the mott pc. .oaU be 

abolitVd. Hit the fitaaiinn of their military and political aifjin in 
lt#flgil wm fo frr<|i»riit;y c-itical, ami ihe fbpeeffl < io the 

crvil braac* lb averle, perhaps through want ot ?el'oluttoa p to abridge 
laeotbcera of any eroa lament, that a rrmonib.ince from the army 
m*«v failed » convince tac Governor and Coencil of :bc impropriety 
affect frrvoWtk.«,~f: mull be rcinemi<:eJ. that tkc i ing 

teef buir/irfi mi one of the principal points of reformation prellrd 
•pem Lord L'Ure io the year i joi, wien, at the roquelt off a gnaerat; 
onart of proprietor* of fitlk India Hock, he wa* prevailed upon to *c- 
I uocc Bvorc the government of Bengal. • 
Tkc cnptulni *jh1 fubaLtcra officers having been fuccci'sfal in t'nei'r 
r«aoo£reocrt agaieill former order* far s rednrrioncf the //«•/*, tailed 
not to ale the facte cn3ra*ojrs when the iical reda:iion was an* 
oooaccd to take place oa ;ir nrlr day of the new year |v66 I Lord 
. c taving then put an end to the war, and made an alliance with 
Sejah Doala. Bui fi uivoidable a the 

oicera onanltnoufiy i. in rutue off" a previous and foJeran cotnp-ti't) 
ikrev ap tbeir coeinullioa*, And a general mutiny of the whole army 
«*a exposed. 

Lo.o Llive'ft cndoA m thcfiipprcOion offjdin*crou^ acooipiracy* 
nfcidi a fcxaaxkaoJc ialiancc ol the rcfolutioo and fpiritof ihu great 
ceeaound?r ; arbo fecma to bate been Urx /• fitutfi in all his usxJrr- 
takiagit aed to iriuapb orer every kind of oppoutioa. 

Sfr Robert Fierceer if porticu/a/Jy oxtacked io thit paV\kavioo. \ 
hot ee- aej Aede his aVfea<e, ia fcvMAi iettcrj, primed ui vao ox*»- 

ti6 Monthly Catalogue, Brammu, Pv&au * - - 

Dramatic. . . .iv (vsrij 

Art. 19* The Macaroni \ 9 Comedy; As it is performed fit thi 
Theatre-Roya! in York. 8vo. is* Nicoll, &c "iM|?T 
If the natnelefs Author, who gives us this comedv as »fc^W» 
iuaion, had fubmitted it to the revi&l of fome judicious rVicfcdjtttt 
acquainted with the modern drama, it might cully have been ■iiUtilf 
to the taile of a London audience f and would probabjy have bee* 
well received. In hi prefent form it is perfectly chafte, and moral; 
and, though not deftitute of humour and pleafaciry, would, perhaps, 
■ow that fatmuut is out of fafhion, be decried, and exploded, u 
ItttU bttttr than a firmtu. As to the Macaroni, it is, at beft, but a 
thread-bare chara&cr,— the old ftage fribble and fop ncvy- drcfled, 
and new-named. 


Art. 20. The Triumphs of Britannia, A Poem \ humbly jk- 
fcribed to George Robert Fitzgerald, Efq. 410. 2 1. BMasnJ 

1773. •>• 

» What mould be great is here turned to farce; and poor Brine* - 
ciai fong of triumph is the fong of ridicule ; fubjcOs of which an 
afforded by the late naval review ; fome of our moral and pimt$ no- 
bility; the bruising parfon; and the hompuraiie gentleman waosj 
name appears in the title-page. In honour of all thefe ftrfmt **i 
ghimgt, lo F^eans fuch as the following, are rung, with aroqjan| 
changes: ..•...■ r 

* Rejoice Britannia! lift thy head on high! .; ' 

Wide o'er the globe thy purple llreamers fly; • *sis 
Sprung like another Venus from the main, 
Thefe are the triumphs of thy growing reign ! .. ..i»c 

* Tis men like thefe that vindicate thy worth, 
Alike the pridt and t*-vj of the earth. 
Rejoice Britannia ! boundlefs be thy name! 
Earth, ocean, air, confpire to fwell toy fame!' 
Art. ax. Tht Adventurts of Ttkmacbut tbt Sm ofUljgis. Book 
the Fit*. Tranflated into Blank Verte by Mr. John Clarke. 410. 
is. 6d. Allen.- 1773. 

We have had fo many occafions to exprefs oar Sentiments of the 
illuftrious Fenelon's noble work, that we (hall now turn immediate!/ 
to the translation. Speaking of Calypfo, on Teieaaacfans's firft ar- 
rival, the Tranflator fays, 

She knrw him for the young Telemachos 

By heavenly wifdom and fuperior knowledge* ' 

That (he inrw him by imnvleogt, there feems to be no more resfca 
to doubt, than that (he fa<w him by fight. 
And poorTelemachus of his father fays 

Penelope his queen, and me his Fon, 
Mix with our hopes defpair to ever see him. 
Penelope and me mix I 

We cannot dHmils this An tor without snaring osm srlrnfwkdif 
meats to him in not obliging us to ltsA tsuxe <bma &fof lines of V s 
'OMnfUtioiu 6 . 

MofVtfCtT, Puticah 317 

Art. 12. 7 Pr<m t fy a G< 

: BalJaif of 

ICtary CfeftCt j •*/***' '• 4*°- l*« Law, ice. 

Tbc Kejuiih arm hwjr.g ken vi&onoyw, in a frcond .1 
ore* th/: haee, iii their turn, found a hard :o 

«lebra;e their •..anaroas dredi. The fiord of Ken:, * ch« 

ct, gitei a moral turn to Kit foagi and thus he concise; -, 

I feMcfXitVt, 

and content ; 
Say' What deiigh: can &II cbe breaJt, 
Where innocrncy U*a coulfit? 
Yonr noble *Jtc/tt& will ihod 
The h*»t 4iuu*emcnt in die . 
While KtMDH CfticctTiai, offtmr, 
ImaaOrtalbe their conquering name !' 

Bat, whatever (aptnOfitf ric Kcntifli men may siTUmr, witk rff- 
fatca 10 the i^, the berry men Term to have the belt claim to the 

Art. 33. ,/n 04 /poyJ f# the Ahmtry *f th* ht$ Rtfa llmxr* 

mli* (Uergi LtrJ i.pttihc*. ftO. It. DodfltT. 17; 

leery mark of honour t> certainly due to the celebrated Noble* 
d:i T.'hwf memory bean the adJref* of thir Ode ; every uibute 
feti tbc Mofrj, more particularly tsbofc f*voer he cultivated ia (be 
tadte walk, nrltfa a fuctefc alrxifl pexu-mr to bim&K. B»t evotjr 
eiinrn hai an tnteTeft in the remembrance of a Patriot, a fr'ricni 
WtW Libertier and Laws of hit Country, and an able and eloquent 
A nw o can i in their defence. 

it u co thai part of hi* character, and on hit merit at an HiJto- 
MQidactbe eornplimrct of the little Poem before u: chiefly tuini : 

Reviling Freedom*. t;ilv mora, 
Wrtb magic pencil to adorn. 

To paint iu welcome n 
Wu r*i» — a manly theme to chafe 
fcucccf.ful court th' hhtoric MuiV, 

And gain immortal praifc. 

Not only by the learned page 

IU claim'd attention from the age. 

To Pkcvpom'j godlike form; 
Ofe in the Bcpafl "Sue 

Her marly firnlimrriu have hung, 

jMn oratory warm. 
When minirttn bavc dar'd to flray 
In Tyranny 1 * enticing way, 

Oft he'd the tUcam opoofe ; _ 
Oft hath he Hood Britannia's friend, 
■cat palladium to defend, 

On overthrown her ioct. 

• See Review far ©epwnoer lail, p. aju 


318 Monthly Catalogue, Hujbandry y t^c: 

His- private aod focial virtues, though they would have afforded. 

* fubjeft for many ftanzaa, are noticed only in the following:, [. * 

. . Nor left (if Fame report aright) ~ ,.«!.i|li! 

T%e fofter Graces did unite * :u.ii 

To adorn his manly fenfej . ' " ,lM 

' \ ,, The graces of a generous mind, ■'" .ora 

Soft Pity, Love of human Kind, «.*/:• 

And wide Beneficence. - .:>. 

The three llanzas appropriated to his Lardihip's poetical charac- 
ter have lefs poetry than truth : 

And often did the £t*tle Mufe, 
At his requeft her tmiles diffufe 

Around his learned retreat ; * 

When Lucy's name in Jkueetefi (ong, 
Hagley, thy woods and groves among, 
The echoes wMf repeat. 

How fiveetfy o'er his Lucy's bier, 
Harmonious fell the gentle tear, \ 

. -■ How raark'd with generous woe ! i 
Lefs Jwtet, Petarcha, were thy (trains. 
When thou for Laura taught'/ the plains 
And woods in tears to now. 

The repetition of words in ,thii fhort compafs of two ftanzas, as 

bad lines, as, 

Ah ! let our prayers move ! £,. 

Vice brings on only woe. r t . 

• * 
In torrents toward the fca. 

So many defects, in fo fhort a poem, have nothing to plead in their 
behalf but the piety of the Author's intention. 

Art. 24. Jnt't* Pantheon ; or, Verfes occafioned on reading a lite , 
Publication, called, The Pantheon. 46. 11. Snagg. i?) 1 *... 

Nothing. -° ' - 


Art. 25. Trafts on Practical Agriculture and Gardening. .Parti- 
cularly addrefled to Gentlemen-farmers in Great-Britain. Wfifc 
ieveral Improvements in Stoves and Green-houfes. To which i> 
added, a Chronological Catalogue of Englifh Authors on "Api- 
culture, Botany, Gardening, &c By Richard Wefton, Efq; Au- 
thor of the Umiverfal BotamijS ' f. The fecond Edition, greed; 
improved. 8vo. 6 s. Hooper. 1773- A 

In our Review for April, 1771, we gave an account of tm V# 

edition of thefe ufeful Tracts, which appear to have undergone very 

t See Rev. Feb. and Septemb. 1771. 

5 B** 


. mprovcmenl in thil t':cond editio*. The <t.ctk 
!c kinn, tnd the cmioj;u* of writer-. o a k*j"- 
bo-thcj or* natur.- 

■ < 177* in 
Mr. W. K? the namci of DU) Ol Unon of . 

noti publkationi ; but bow far tbii matter efjfatt hi 

CYtry inCance, l<> be depended on, u belt known io 

retard to one an lift, we can allure htm chat iJie A'. 

by the ceUbnird 

* Review, . I. Where rbc%*Vin:iry nit'jco 

4 ic» danjeroui miflriding Tendency, are IuJIt «x- 

pcfeJ. It *a: n:-; prJ • death. Our Author 

it iilcnt m Eo ruber pieces mrntiotcd ia 

biicauTofi hi» wojk ftiJI ciutc ufcfof, 

if, in a futu'e edition, he would, fo far as hit opportunities for « x- 

Jcd, more particularly d;liii;guiJh tor **cac 

from - 

Aft. a ' *»d W Hcpofl of the Stlc& Committee 

ippoinri hy rhr Manic of C rto the 5>t»t« of 

Coapaay, and of the Krt-itii AHaii* m the 
Iadin. Folio, i i. c Kvaas* 177 j. 
See Review, reJ. xlviL p. ^ 1 1. 

Art. r . Dyky and Mift Stanly. A Karraifte 

1. B> Mr.. !•■->. ny, Ag. 
r*. — ■ 1 «ft ' "■• • ■■ -'-■■■ 1 r-: 1. -Yi!'. r . Sniffr 
Oar opa- -term for 

born ; *rr Ac^uft Uv. 

Icgoc; wiew *c bare tncAUonod her cd*cr work, chef*/.. 

C R M O N S. 

I. Ar tSe Atfrxetat Wincfcer^er, July 27, 1775. By Jorm Cooke, 
ti.l' C.C. Oxon. Ku-ingtoa. 

nrnted Death of Ifaac WhiuifiMon, Efqj one of the 

SWCIui-i is the Court of Lhancery. Preached . -li Church 

ofOalth ., 1773. ByPauiWn R lu, B. D. I.S..V. 

Baihoift, S:c. 

Mrrring of the SoflU of the Clergy, xt 

1 . 1773. By Samuel Gliflr, D. 1> pHCs. 

1 ii: Majelty. Riiington. 


CorrtfpiciC'cr.t who ugns Axk*> t defire* :he Reviewer* to lake 
foiloAing explanation*," which, he f u • 
11: 10 remove their owa duu&t with, reflect 
. .... a n-.cntiooed ;" am. 

« la 

A c , 

320 ' Correspondence. 

*• In the Catalogue part of the Review for April," t>. %i%t verf 
frroper notice is taken of a pamphlet, intitled, *■ A New Diflerta- 
tion on Confumptions." — The Author of this Article concludes his 
obfervations with this remark: * This piece is dedicated (farelv 
without permiffion!) to Dr. Fothergill.'— indeed it was.' DrF. is 
wholly unacquainted with the Writer of it. ^ 

This is but a fmall grievance ; the next is of greater cqpfld* mii: 

In the " Monthly Review for July," in giving an account A", a 
pamphlet, in titled, " An Appeal to the People called Quakers," &c 
the Author of that Article candidly acknowledges he is '. unable, for 
want of knowing many rcquifite circumftances, to pronounce any 
thing with certainty about toe cafe.' — Some fuch circumftances are 
the following ; and more could have been added, had it been fop^ 
poied that the public would reap any benefit from a difference be- 
tween a few individuals : 

On a complaint againfl Dr. F. for defamation, he fuffered himfelf 
to be prevailed on to have the affair determined by arbitration. 

Confcious of his own innocency, and relying on the candour and 
'capacities of thofe who were nominated to decide the matter, he ins 
left felicitous than he ought to have been about the choice of his 
judges, i 

Three out of Five gave the caufe againfl him, and amerefcditisa 
500 1. •< .«* 

So large a penalty inferred an adequate traiifgrcflion ; — a n*a*c* 
, of the fundamental laws of morality. 

To refcue both his injured character and his property {sop a 
fentence fo difhonourable and ill-grounded, became then an ohjeff 
of much confequence. " °^ 

Such had been the precipitation of the three arbitrators, as Sand- 
ing their fentence irrcverfiblc, that thev rcfufed to hear tna&h! 
rvidencea on behalf of Dr. F. and committed fo manyorher ittftfcs , 
that he could not but avail himfelf of them, by iuffering th^'mit 
to be brought into Weftminfter-hall. 

Without hearing Coupfei for Dr. F. the judges unanimoulsr fit 
afide the award ; — and the Society of which Dr. F. is a Member, jof- 
tified his conduct. 

The intent of the Appeal is apparently to retrieve the characters of 
the three, which had fuffered much in this tran faction : and thewnw ' 
of it feems to have expected that the Public would have fblfolttd 
their example, in patting fentence without hearing both fidpa fiifly. 

# ." The latter part of this Correfpon dent's letter, with tbq^t- 
tian, cannot, with propriety be noticed at prefent, as the wt/l$ M 
which it refers hath not yet appeared in our publication.. ., :mJ 

fit The Letter from Wiktminfiu on the fubje& of ^iw^cja* 
to hand too late in the month, to be more particularly noticM'* 
the prefent Number of our Review : it is under awfitosrjnf.iar 
our next. 


For NOVEMBE R, 1773. 

Arr. I. Of tin Ontfa **J ' Pngrtfi tf Lttpa/t* 

JN oor Review far September wr jrirc an account of (he firft 
book of chit work ; in Which the Learned and iogenioua Au- 
H" thought Jt ncccliaf y 10 enquire into the origin of our ideal, 
«o define and dnride them, 10 explain the nature of the two fe- 
▼mJ kind* of theo>, and 10 fhew how they arc formed, 
nut fufpoTmg them to be ihe work. of Nature. He now l\ 
it necclury, 10 order to £ive the philoiophica! account of tht 
origin of language which he proposed, <a enquire hkcwifc into 
thec; Cietr* Now the firifcquelhon to «e confidtrtd 

fajo, is Whether lot rcty had a begi 
», Whether ic be from Nature, or of human in- 

Man, wc are told, is neither a grt*ffrhvt nor a fi\Uary*v\- 
ma), but participate* of both kind*. — Though be 
Katun: tlwt capacity of living, either by prey, or upon the fi aita 
b turtb, yet our Author think* that by Nature, and in hi* 

1 at he only lecofliea 
an animal of prey by acqui/txi habit, and that I* hat nona- 

propeii!i: v. 

• I I he, thi- n of aalne i» t*ry diiffrent from 

the eottoxm opinion, and thai it is generally believed, that men 
are by Nacuie a* much, or more, otutcd to :fc<^ kind, tfcao any 
other i olroa). tu k: thoSe who before fo» cOoM< 

; JO Our fpccicii ana wfaucn fccail 10 be a peeu 
^^^Miaguilhei us fioui every o:ae* lanXinimal. and Sets us at at 
rrom ocr kind, :*it> even car bean's of prey ar<- 
, what ! mesa it, th< en fe<tiin£ «pono»* ano- 

ther. Tt.<4c who pdje of man It i ad 03I7 by f±f al th« 

aiodcen iu:tona of Huioae, arc I I ;o believe this j 

. w '»» well rot V. witb- 

•ut tJoitbi. or bcWes »uhout corn, wine, or beef, and Wiibaal 
Vcn.XLaX Y $Mto% 

J22 Of the Origin and Progrtfi of Language. Vol. I. 

planting or fowiftp ; aavi if there »va« any doobt before, JX. h MV 

entirely removed, qy the late discoveries that have bera niadpjpifcr 
South Sea •• And I am pcrfuaded, that all nations have at famojimc 
or another been cannibals; and that men, ai foon aa they btCMN: 
animals of prey, which, as I have faid, t>» / vverc noE originaJly>i^i 
upon thofe of their own kind, as well as upon other animal* : ibifcftt 
it appeais to roe evident, that man has not that natural alrh*cm*c 
10 the flclli of man, that lions and tigers, and other beads of prey* 
nave to that of their own fpecies ; who, fo far as I can learn, never 
feed upon one anoiher except when urged by the extrcmeft hunger. 

' This therefore is another peculiarity of oar fpecies, whjch diflift- 
guifhes us both from the carnivorous and frugivorous kinds of ani- 
mals ; and proves to me inconteilably, that what is (aid by pbUpfo- 
phers of the attachment we have to onr common nature, and of thofe 
ties of love and fyrapathy which bind us fo fait together, inpaw* 
only to the rational, not to the natural animal ; for as Marcos An- 
toninus the Emperor has obferved, we are focial, tecaufe we aje 
rational +. _ 

* Let us next confider how man {lands with rcfpc& to the other 
Aivifton of animals, into political and not folUicmi ; and I &r» that he 
it likewife in the middle betwixt thefe two ; for he ia political* HOC 
by nature, but by inftitution, and acquired habit. Aad indoedyif 
lie be not by nature even a herding animal, it follows ofconi e qo aaca , 
that he is not political : nor can we fuppofe that any thing is mttinl 

• - I mean, thnfe made by Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander in their lets IDfs ^ s f la- 
the South Sea, where they Found in the country called Afcw Zmloxd, m people wha 
fed on hnfriM AeA - tut were, in other re fpe&t, fv from being r baefa a io u t talln* 
Jiumm people, but, on the contrary, brave and genetous, I myfelf kaoar * ffi 
Jefoit, one kftnj. Rombtud, who wu mW&onary among a tribt of Indians, la 
America, called the Alb>u*q*o'u, and who told me he faw eight and twenty I 
men eaten at a bvtakfaft by i triba c* Indians who had come to- the SAOaate w* I 
French in the late war, from a remote pan of that country towards the VVeaV 
they flUl preserved the cuftom of eating men, which appears, to have been «auamfi* 
vetftl ■mong the nationi of that continent. The Br It Kb hid been taken pvtfboon kj 
tbi* tribe ] and though the French genera}, fHimj. Mirtrcahm, was at great pauii to 
fare them, and offered the ladtana double the number ai heaves in the piece "tY 
then, he could not accompliih it j for the Indian faid, they were nan feck, raelvby 
to prefer the flcm of oxen to that of Engliftmen. And I have beard ft well itsHwd, 
that feme civilised men, who by great neccrTity have been reduced to the iiissjafclff 
eating human flcih, hove declared, that ibey thought it the feecreft they cvet taint. 
] am well informed, too, that there it a nation In the inland pacta ef Afrit*, wheal 
human Heft ii eapofed to fale in the matket as beef and mutton it, among e*, c#IK> 
tiltjfi <*> U PaW (an author of whom I mail give i particular account afterwords') in 
fail iiirtory of Pero, fay a the fame thing of a certain nation in Sovth Amemw, -nasi 
the authority of a Spanilh writer, one Pedro de Cera, who affirms, that h* few/ taj 
* ith hit own eyes, the h arr| an flefh npo&d to f*le In the ftambles ; and That ! 
at their own children whom they begat upon their female captives ; and with 
to their male captives, they gave them women to breed out or, and they fattfel 
ate the oSVpring as we da calvea and iemba j Jea* r. rawftw 5 . We need it* Thcsedbw, 
doubt of the truth of thofe fToriei told by Herodo»i f and other ancient jaaJpMjg|jF 
Indian and Scythian nations that fed on mens flefh. We are not however c* bdiaaa, 

that there ever was a nation that fed prumifcuoufly upon one another j for the fatxjt 
that all fucb nationa eat only their cnemiea, or (hangers, whom they treat as eae- 
amra, and fuch of their own people aa die, or become fete f **' 

' f « eVri Tff > cj-iitv,; aal v«AiTiafr f MtfiW* hh, Hh 1 


Of ih Orlgtm ltd Pngttf* Of £«*/*■¥«% Vol * I." %t J 
10 %m ejrrsnal tfcat b *o: m*:tf**j for His febSlence, which ccrtajoJy 

the pu ; »hefc*a IO the bee and ant r 

sural, becsufc ic ii reorlJir r * and accordingly thofe aiinaals haw 
Brfwr l*en found (i»f> or deuched. With rdprA to nam. it ap- 
p*-»*-. to rue, chat he h&» btrded, axd entered into the [v>tt;ac: 
for tlic feme rtarbett, and at the fane lirne -, And thcrc&rc I ocliete 
mi own fcive been fou g Coacchcr who did .. carry 

ob tiirae cotatnon work ; that it M tay, as tat Item espUitttd, lived 
in tie political JUtc. 

* Bat ii A«A the only aniraaJ that is in this fiate with reffecc to 
th* foetal and pottikaJ life i If it ncrc fo. U wauJd be nor.huug cat*; iii fo extraordinary un annual as nam. But there ice 
other inimah of the fame amphibious nature. And, /*?, there it 
ti* wild boar, which, while he ii young, is a ieroinr; aiumai ; hat 
when k# frowi old, ic live* by hiailcli, and becomes what the 
Freach cnli ** j'JUaht. Then with rcfpeci 10 the politic*! fl«c» the 
Jiwac in ton covikm is not a political animal, :houj»h facial and grc~ 
goxioaa ; but in the defarts of* Tariary and Siberia hv is political; 
for being there hunted by the Tartars, as hires and drer are in thta 
4oumity p they, for Iclf-defence, lorm cheinlcl e: Into a Uin.lofoonv- 
aaunity, and take joint mcafiare; lor farinj thccalclvo, 
<OaamwnU do by flight ; and :lut they may DM be I ariir:lcd by ttieir 
enemy, rhey fct watr-he*. and have commandrn, wUn diu 
katleo their £ i^tt ; foae of wlvm have teen loon bringing ap (ho 
reaar, and beting and kicking the bindino:t, in order to m*Xa tixcm 
tun fa 3c r. 

' But there is another animal that rcfrnbles ua /till a 
■■fpwiQ, and chat si the beaver; of which I ffiail dy a grra; dcaj 
tnore afterward*, but it u fufticicne for my pref«nt purpose toob- 

that he U peeci&y what 1 fup?ofe snaa to he, a-nph; Jtoai be- 
twiat lie aoJitary And the I'vci*] lite l fur in Certain couotri-A, pejf* 
sJcuUrly in North America, ace) fame of the northern counun i of 
Europe, he » found living En avhau in*v be call"d eml jWtty, »ith- 
«ut netaphoe oe cxagfterauon ; u/he;cas in otocr couau-ici, where 

re not fo semcrouo, or in thot'c very couauir* wx*n tacy hap- 
pen to be difperfed, and their tillages (for fo I may call them) 
Masard by the men wlro hum them, or when they tic pritcni 
an«n from ifTocieting, ei they are in ail tSr rourftem c< 

*, they lead a folitxrv Itfr. and hide theaoielves in bclei, with- 
oik aar ceniDunjey or oubkc good *. 

' Oi th* u«ic *jup*i;uiuui L>uid i» an aiiim..t well known in thrs 
connaTT. rix. rbe hare, which being few in naaofaer :a all the couu- 
ttlrt 0)f Europe, ajvl much per(rcu«-d by tnen. lead j folitary lafe, 
at|td never : I ra a public ; but in the plain* of TaftVjr 

they */« s>rc>>Jtfious. The fact we are atTared of by tne fame m;hor 
wino rnfortiis ua of i.hai is above rcSaicu concerning the Ikji! 
Mr. Btii, who r 

m, wtiieh he made? wi;h rhe Kultun cararan ^tij*. 

Now I Qccive that the h^re, »luch by i'.i L*torc 

to be;i (hottftd sufotaOLtc in Tartary for any otacr rea: 

• « 0r&*'wH$* t**C9r, ttJ. 8. p. if 


J14 .OftU<hij***JPnpip$-l&giap- Vo!! - 

trpt furtenance and leff^efhace* witch. as ? Ihjil fttew aft'-: 

arc !hc :<* : cade rora firK herd t«];ed)ci. 

tie political Hie. Whttferr <hr hares have any thivj> of - 

Wocii:rd Hate, Mr. Hell h*» not ?o!c or; Vnt I 
rikely ilicy hate ; other wife 1 do not think chit i - 
crime togrrhcr. For even tbofe ubnils, *oeh as the th«_ 
are noe pol if they are fed aad pTMf*ted >•; 

when they live in a kind of oatuial Hate by theralV ■ 
and according!) -ncy .ire obferved to fet Aatcho in the aig:.- 
againil :fceir enemy ite fox, who gi»c notice of hiaapp- 
when he attack* thrtiu they ilr.iw up in a body, and ckt 
ftfveJ. And, in genera!, ai Nature appears to me to have 
fome farther intention than pleat's re merely, and th* £rati6caooa af 
Eitf and inclination, 1 think it ii prob- ta aot 

ma! chat defue for fbcierr, without ; i:e adiaj; 
Ihould be ui'clul for fame political purpofe, either li* fjiter: 1 

cVfrar - f dooht whrrhrr grrffnesr *ni ftktttai ^^^^| 

dirtci . i their naturci, or only in the ■•** or 

tome br the neccflitica of :hcir nature arc more political, 
hfc' ' 

Our Author obfetvea firiher on this head, t ; h we 

J fuppofc that men hcidtd together before tl 

i tl\ ()'• yet it is tinpoflfibte to belic.e, that \ , 

cnJy herded together, they ever could invent a Uir.;uag« ; 
could oil b< etc fiui*. u: thai lliilt iotcicoutfc uhicU ilw pot 
litacal life produces. 

He cccics now to enquire how the polrfjcal Irk began* 
but before hr enters upon thit enquiry, he think* it proper to 
fepport the account he has gircn of tr 

nature, both with ref pc& to ri^-anii^ly and /«i*ry, by fa<:i as wen 
as bl argun*nu i a* \> ii very dirt'erer >l 
DiOfily received, and will no doubt, he tJ, 
dible to thole who luvc been uu r *ht, that ma- 
rational* a* well as a fecial , and lu 

large volumes en (he Jubjc& of the iatu of Un'f, louuded jb'1 
upon the fnppofitian that civil focicty, <jt tiic political lilt, * 
trw t»r*i*af and n&xutai ftate of man. 

1 I endeavours to mew, from the hifrory both of th : ?v 
an I ii la.'ern world, that there have been found win 
no; indeed aJto>eth;r w- hottf jru or civility 
pg£bk, fuicc, according to 
get hi i r the purpofe of earn 

bu: with fo little ofciihcr, that wc can t< at DO uj - c 

a prior flate> in whicrt chetc were noiK r 

* 1 will begin, fays h*-, w.ih iniiancea Urwiihcd me b? «c laacUaK 
r, niauly Dkni ->. v»ho mi a I 

ilHoii&Ji. tiid whefc *.!:*, ihc grca:c1l part cf »! 
k)d, *«a* '-he frait of tr< '*bo»r of thirty yei . 
•oJicclang a.iicnals, and trsvcllia^ into Uic durerct; pari* 


Of H* Origin and Fsrgnfi tfLatgugt. Vol. I. 3x5 

i be txcafmn to menu »n in kh biilory •- I am tbe 

1 .;ii»ed to Jay weight Btpoo the flail) recorJeC 1 it hw 

1 an plain andltopJc , (o that he a^pf «: ro n> ;j«nc 

- ie pfcparifip and digctliiig the mmtv of hit • ;ioa 

.11, ancien • ftn--;!rrn. hue (pent in adnenjag 

'ginning of hi» fcillory he t raca at 

J cVa-tjicd, and iubfiJicd upon Che natural production* ai ;oe 

tcbey f fpeeth, ted ut:c:cJ Dijjf iuartiivU;c 

u having bciiieil (Q£Cih:r, fur few, as he fayi, of the 

WP4 beat*, rjiry invented a langoage, and irnpofed names upon 

1. of the original a\atc of man he no <!:iub; 

JE^cd iroca the ltuiiy of many ancient booki of hiilory that arc now 

kit. But bei'idci thi:, he relates particular fatb concerning certain 

lavage naiion* wiiith lived, either in Africa, or UfOCI the oppuii;c 

jjpbtof the fodian ocean, or ih.i pit if of it which 11 now called the 

ftfd $t*. Ol thcf« he had an opportunity of being very w«U jo- 

BfP"*' by ike ewiouty of one ol' the Ptolemies Kirn; of £g)-pt v 

vfa *> 1 rnc ntioncd before, feut men whom be could trail, on ourpofc 

Bhc m funned concerning fuch nitiuns : ind bei'idci, the paiik-n he 

■ad for hunting elephant*, r^adt* him difcoirer more nf Africa than 1 

been ditcovered in modern times. . 

.^ce 1 IhoJl mention from Diodoras i« of a oi: 

1 * bt. Ik oiled fo, oi . ^' ; . ■>•*■/ -, m /..' t*trrj f \\t\ 

r ;he i! 1. lit whkh joins rhe Indian Ocean 10 the Red Setoff 

Ullfclan Golf, npon the Altatie fide. They went naked, and lived 

•exjieff by tithing, which they prtStrfrd without **y tn, other than 

tbat of making dike* or mound* of itonc? eo prevent the rilh *hkh 

hadcoce-c with the full titic into the hollows aod gullka upon that 

49WL from going oar ap.ain with the eb(>ing tide, and then catching 

t.-KJD to cho£ ponds at in a IMC I- In thjt way they employed them* 

(fit* /or lour days, and the tilth Jay they all kt out Jor the apJand 

*»hcre there were certain fprini ■ \ water, of vthidi 

iber drank, after having filled their bellies with iilh. cy, 

fays ocr author, they performed jud like a herd of cante, making a 

Ereat mv.fe, and uttering loud crie*. bur all inarticulate; arnti after 
ftvtag tiled their be!1rei with #at«r, -^ that they coufd nardjy v. | 
Ihey- w a omod to thesr babitaconi upon the ocaw, and there paifed a 
»«UiW day iccapolle to do any thing, lying upon the ^lOtsnd, and 
hardly able to breathe through fUktW ; aftt-r whicli the; returned to 
their oaly occupation, ol filhir.g in the manner *l>ovc diicribed : and 
tbia nat the round of their life. The women and chi.Jrcri were com- 
■ . belonging to the herd. They bad no fenfe ol wfaei ii juil, 
honci, or deccut. Jiving entirely under the guidance ot iefliocl and 
They had no ana. nnlefc *e give that name to their way 

CUAtaia. anedrlt ana m W ftMaf tr*aiW I' ' til of Hem iU\. 

U+4, u 4-*rjb*l Vj U»->ptf - «, laii )i.r V i" appiiri io ow so be 

. ,.i .... mod 'I. tra«ellen>| «i *= find 

nil account of tht CoBoiM c' bcxbiroui jiattana, -iih in aarlent 
ftMbcUavaoo 1 am yo/ueW be orto read, atr ^«b»f' t«i twd of, in eta 
*jrdl> H»ba«laUtr«tbW taa '»fu* 

p6 Of tht Origin and Pragnfi rf Lmrguage. V"A L 

of fithtng abdve mentioned, and * -certain method which they haddaf 
curing and p*eferv*bg their Attn very pamcalari* dafcribcA be* iaiat- 
dortn. 'Theyufed mwmogi except tUiaca, audtaeJe^ff fcsaatief 
goata, with which they kilted the flronger fain. 1'fcey *aal antsaftaef 
Ire, but rosftcd their 6fti upon the rocks by tht brat ofutjntiiea* 
Heitfeer do they appear to me to have had the faculty of fpecoha £ar 
though our author doee not exprefsly fay fo, yet I think it U^*» 
jneaemg, from the account he give* of their jouiaey to. the fpriegai 
and it is clear that they had nothing like religion or govern m*aa?&< 

* The next nation he mentions is that of the UjenfibU* + t mk* 
calla them, of whom I have already fpoken. Of these he iky a. «*> 
preftly, that they had not the ufe of fpeech, bat made fa£o*,.±t«e 
cur dumb people* with their heads and hands. They lived, be faya, 

Crcmifcuoafly with other animals, and particularly with feals, which* 
etfays, catch the fi(h in the lame manner that tsWe men did, wee 
were alio oi the race of £uY eaters ; and he adds, that they Jjved 
With thefe other animals, and with one another, aita great 
good faith, and in great peace and concord. The moli mtXMtrii* 
nary particular be tells concerning them ir, that they aevOr uW 
abater, nor any kind of liquid, not having ft> much as an idea &i that 
fort of nouriifcment J, though even this I think is left tnc r gJ i bi f 
than what more than one modern traveller has told as of peopJeia 
the South Sea, that when they had occafien to be long at wB§, Aaj* 
wKed*the want of liqoids by drinking fea- water. - ; ^i 

4 The next nation mentioned by Diodorus that I fl-.aU take notice 
t>f, is one upon the African £de, in that part of Ethiopia n»h*w»k 
above Sg7P ta They were of a quite different race, being what he Wis 
4%*tpaynt, or tnuid tattrs ; for they fobfified entirdy upon the i¥raat)i» 
eating either the fruits of the trees, or, when they -could nutgrt t#*k, 
chewing the tender moots, and young branches, as we fcecHW.eaatii 
do in this country. This way of living made then very ^^nlnrif* 
Climbing trees j and they leapt, fays our author, with ataaajjg 
agility from one branch or one tree to another, «&ng botfc.£et 
and hands; or.d when they happened to tall, their rtmtim wenijS% 

Xthat they received no hurt. They too went naked, a-td- f a 
but flicks, like the Ouran Ou tangs, who are iliti to be teoed 
am the fame continent, and their wires and children were in-eeej- 

aaoa. P/W. a. Ill, : ;;. vv 

* Dfodorns conclades his account of tbtne fav»ge ft frjnnn natjana 
•Vy telling us, that in the fouthern part of that great peninfula there 
are races of men who, in the human form, lute. a. life altogether 
^iwul. 7*. lit, „ v i 

4 Thna far Diodoroa Sicahu i from whole account It is ei<j4fta*i 
that there were in Africa, and the oppaaec continent***", A fie,. Jmbit 
time, herds of people that lived without any civil Jbaetyy even' ate 
domeftic iociety of roan and wife, which is the fiift fiep wwaidj 
forming a Irate or political fociety. • ■• »*i 

* With Diodorus, in this eccooatof th« iav ageneis -and *vb**jry 
of the people of Africa, agrees Herodotus ; a man of the •gpeaenl 
new**— i * " • ' — r ■ ■ — . -■ ■■■*■■ • — '- - - --- ■ ■ *■ ■« ■ 

■ *«flW.**.- ( /. 1*6. s*fUnS f « eas^W' . , 

Of Jfc OrJem *m£Pr*£T4fs *f Le*it*it. Ygl. I. &J 

kmmabix ud irfictwe that pcrhapv erer lived, and wfcofc aa;l 
auey be depended upon, when be relates * tbioj fia-ply as jq 
rical iVi, and aMna neiruy. He ipeaks oi bcrd> of p*"Opit 
<1ih penioiaU chit coupled togetarr pt-xnifcnoaJy (w»* 
uuk. . aad of ir*r. ^c women abtoiutciy uilJ. 

f. iji ; and par tstaUiiv oi lit Troglodytes be **>s, ; 
upoo fcsfxi** and oifeer eq rr kiinlcd like wild h 

liir^ju-nues. aoii by teas' c-f language made s. of ■ 
iaartrcrlaer foo©* 1 whxri nrc»- e cry of a bae, > 

And m MAoe ••iikeii-it*; it u ti>e lasricsiid of language Ifat 

b LowiuoiftC reports to have bee* fpoaxo by a ru*.ic«i u.tu #.e raet 
with vpoa the tanks of the rim Amazons : rot it vas a wi I 
ruurauuiaa: Laud 0.' auiac, hi he bas ifcicribtd it. and which tppeatat! 
U» bin to be fbraaed in drawing in rac breath ; p;c^b!> he : 
Mia Jew aasd obatete found, doc udder that *iich a cuo maktti 
who se very hoa/fc by rcatoa of a col-i *. 

* Ano modern authorities, I will begirt ivuh that of Leo A 

I Africa* Moor of the £xtreiub century, wfco coining tuAocar, 
there abate toe Maboasccm faith, ail was baptised by ibe 
«l the FecttJf who then xilkd tbe papal chair, Leo X. tit h* 
veiled rnccb is tie icicttor part* o! Africa *itb iamvai. 
chauata, and appears to j&c to have kuoAti snore cf that tc u 
*han aay jxedeen. Us wrac a defcripuoti uf it in Arabic, * Lick. is 
tranuated into Latin, a<d puhisfucd in nine tool. . ■ :r:j a 

/ accurate account, both vt tbe caca and antinrtei*, *ad natu.ul 
-isdicict of the country : and be *g no with Diode/tit as to !.' 
»*/eti«f» of foaoc oi the people of Alucu ; and pellicular!? it U;i, 
rb at in the sn«r>rd parti of the country, fouihward from /iUrbity, 
tneraar* propaethi.1 Ji.c 1 life entirely bmr UBCfiC 

ew cobcy. and oaf ulaciag promslouoaflT with their fenultt, alter the 
cnaaocr of tax bru:cs 1 • And he mratwr.3 another ruuan to •'. 
be jrivri a aoxac, calJinj; llitfli B^rmi***, who lived uaifa ditUnt 
ajfcn* ib< aV«aiain of tbe lira Niger. TheTc people, fays he, are 
ifcitbout avlr^iOD of as/ kixtd, «od ftitvc their women aud ciild irn in 

* 1 he ajcxt modern author I fhall mention is JikewJfc a vc 
frzt arad atntrMr miittt. It is UaruLilIj dc U Vcua. wko 
written in Spaeiili the H:tfo*y of the /war of Peru, *>( ..h-jfe i*cc >»e 
hiraftlr ■-»• '. According 10 his aecouat of tiat countr/, u-hrn the 


_ ■ ■ - t 

a • There ii a r*e« oi n« ••! i» *• fouaii U ***« ptrt of M.Kri iF.thi«*> tk.t 
/J^a-ryWj. «ww 1i*i"k* taftaialai MilJ mh utM «f «>.• »Fy T wa<w, m m> 
W*+44 »y W t aw a m i ) tnu ••km ■ Kiffmc kiui ca* naif*, »ery ni 
»aVtaafetvw«*tfi-; ' fb^fc Hc.-^iCW *»tki w Ok J«n».* t c./ ii»c 

-rm, «*W fr^S 1 *#Koh •«^m4Ui the loend n-j*« fcrr • Wir. Of ih«£rp«#fU 
naWWf •• I *•* IrlfftfWaJ k-f emrr* a« Itli**-^ i»d .a «««■■! 
tnn r«-) tnnlk'i «h»b«i W«n I* rl»M M«aciy ac4i*»r»oi umct | «r-i ' 
U«a.U,-xvJlrrtn! other ptr*U«lut amocraiaf ilN^r «rn. a« tuw .^«^ A'a- 
aw*-, ««<. i a, if.' 

t • J ' Stf. *. «$•• 

| • Uc *>m Ur», m »< im'"t\i» in, ''|hr jr»n «fi<r t,.' Sp«r«0! eonautt c# Prm 
»u «o>v!;'ci. Uis rbMbcr mm iht m»4 ^fft^*^ tf i saUUkr i»«e, «4 th< i-.J 

Y a tan 


3*8 Of tbt Origin and Progrtfs of Language Vol, i. J 

firftlnca began hi* r.ona,nefts, or /aib^rjui.ttsaiagi*a<) „. 
W'mkn (ft* Tift was> conqueror of that Jciod, &c^ « ttoj£| 
Wpfcrt tfceir Oflrirto^haye bflflp) it Was iotubit^ febitfci 
Jtant, by siren living. In a ftate' altogether hruti<n» *itb^i»;L- 
jfcrnt, civility, or arts of any kind i and fach of (hfia^wrrD^*^ 
degree civilized, had a tradition preferred among *H**> Ithat.lttp 
had been taught, as the fubiefts o* the Incas were, by t$ie*^w*0. i £*»e 
from diiUnt countries, and imported among them Un : *m ef^Wib 
And, tBOre particularly, he relates, that in tome part* of t>x*,-t*hk4 
w?rc afterwards civilised by (he Incas, rhe people a/ere under ooscitfl 
of government, living together in herds or tiocki, like fo jnaay tsUdO 
or fheep, and like them copulating piomifcooufly •. la anfcprpartt 
of (he country, they did not fo much as live in herds, bat^wecttti 
caves, and holes of rocks and mountains, in Anal] numbers of' tss* 
or three together, feeding upon herbs, grafs, roots, snd wiklirattfj 
and copulating promifcuoufly f. And in later times, aadar.'ftht 
fourth or fifth Tnca, he mentions a people in the great province of 
Chiributnm, who lived altogether like beafts, wandering in tbtMuns>m 
tains and wood*, without religion or worfhip of any hind, s^d-witSH 
oat any community' or political government, oalefs when tWevmfibn 
ciated 10 in fell their neighbours, and make ufe of them for .ioodj 
for the end of their wars was to eat their enemies. Theft* ^gapta 
were fo brutifb, and the country of fo difficult acccis, that tMilaaa; 
gave over thoughts i of conquering or civilizing them; aUrflthaftaas 
niards afterwards attempted it, bat without foccefs, Ub* 7.. r»47»b&t 
mentions alio another people of the fame province that livadssaatt 
the Cape of Pi'JJau, who never having been conquered* oiSfaafcajJ 
civilized, by the Incas, lived, even at the time the author «no*a»istj 
a flate of the atmoft favagenefs and barbarity, having no #olipasfa 
at all, and worlhipping aoihing cither above or beioav taca>t. Jjjjj 
biting caves, and hollows of trees, without commoaicatioss, &eaaw 
ihip, or commerce, and hardly having 1. pguage foftcicnt to uata£) 
stand one another f. One of the Incas, he fays, coating with an 
army to fubdne them, but defpairing of being able to wclaim thcaT 
from their brutifh life, faid to his people, " Come, let as attataj! 
again ; for thefe deferve not the honour of our dominion,'* :VftH& 
which the whole army faced about, and returned home ||. A»d ihijfti 
' ■ ' ' ■ ' ' '•* ^-^- — \ — i V| s l{ la^a a b i 

that preceded biso who vu dat hi o o cd and put to death by thf Spaniard,, ...Jft waa 
brought up ■p»od(: hit! of the Inca rice, till he wu twenty yt-ra at tfJL|. 
and from hu mother and her brothers, ai he Mli at, he received information oft&e, 
faels which' he relate* in hi* hiflorj. He alfo employed his feheol-fettttwt tBefW^ 
■Mint, aficr be had formed the defign of writing it, to tat him Jiiliiiniaaiuiilfl|ait'»sT* 
■sttaofthcceaniry. Hit hiftory thenfore, 1 think, may be credited m ntaca^aas)! 
that is only from traditions which, however, thi* hi (lory waa not aJir^ilwj fat 
they had * .kind of irc.rd by thrtadi and knott: And indeed the hQt he reia».aai 
hn manner of relating, them, bear intrioGc marki af truth at leafl that flo'Mft&Jl 
or fiaioo wu intended And with re J peel to the* principal 1*6*, we an*t-b*lWHf V 1 
tradition that went no farther bark than four hundred ycana; anew t which OSlHSjtf^ 
firfl /«M f M«ac« Ca/ac, bet an hie rcif o ; elpeciaUy when it was JTajeijiod ii»;4fcfctsjO 
fnily of thatpiince, and we may believe carefully prefetved, and the mote caTc/uUv 
that they bad no written recorda.* ■ * — — ' **" 

'■•'fei.fjtfi' f < wj, c* j,* j • Kfc i. c.4>ar «.v 

| « Ms.f.1.' • ., , . . 


T)fthtCt;&&iPrttfHi)fL**t i ii Z K Vol.1. jif 

__ tVttul fair of fcartoiriiy, or i-re* littfc fctitcr, it it* 
> iMttor wrotr -, fctr he fiy%, he himfVlf &w *o^, of Chain 1 . 
•;tH# us, that on* of the incii foiind men chi: preyed on 
r like wild bcaii, attarfevDj their fellow creature* for oo 
mihci porpole than to eat them. Tliefc the Incat Jiuiitcd On tax nora- 
t£i«t. xail in the wncxfi, lite fo many beai 

1 .^uf the cornurication and lowrooorfe that hai k*ca kocwirt 
iVefcveul pmta •>* rhe old world oa th'n tide or'thc rlobe, and lilc*- 
■rife betwut the old end the rev/ world dif<ovc»eu by Columlrai, 
ng-ifcefc lad three initdred years, has made fo great a change 
ofta* aur.rrt and way of Imp;- eif men in trofr cowotrin, that it 
■1 not tkeffe ac are now to look tor people living in (be ;vaturaJ JUtt, 
hot jd aaothcr part of the world, ai yet veey impcrfe&Jy difcorercd, 
awd «ka whicfc we have had hitheico very little mtcrcaurfc, X bku, 
theeduavrv) in the Soutli Sea, ami fuch pirn ul ;' t. Ocean 

a* h*w »W bce-n ft by European ihipj. What 1 flail h< 

fee do*t> i ' i people foond in thofe countries ia taken from 

a Freftch eoflcttion of voyage* to the South Sea, printed at /"tfrsYin 
* 7*<j* in rwo volume* a,to. The author *a name, sis 1 am 
U £ja£rgr>. 

Ame/ica* Verpueicj, who made the difcovery of the continead 
tf AauiKi for i«e King or* Spain, aed gave hi» name I 
at/wardj ecnoic^cd ty ; of Foitu^al, in whole ferine k« 

sadr a v> . ocean which catccid ft» 

•Ifrd. : unci in this voyage tie d£ft 

CD*tv<4 a great traU ofcOBnta i lie calji a continent, vrkar* 

l»fflbct:d a people who, though living together In herd i<r 

SKtur.ifJ, relijjinn. rar^m, nor any property ; and OT«r> o<* of 
a had ni anary wiiea ai lie pVafrd, /lmcricus w,\* pmoup thrm 
io *4% and twenty ^ayi r ahlcfi wm long enough to have ofa/et«e4 
>vk«rhe •fcrmicf their manner oi living. /"»/. r. /. <yti. c/aW-.'aJ^ 

ack ;*/ tfimtt, a Daith traveller, aiCrai, tlai iLc people W 
T>tm <!cl Foeco Hrr en: reh ea # without religion, or y*a- 

F**. • ;;ard to <!» ;^_ And tiic 

farr-i English traveller, >■ "byrr.h f 

veil, a* r- M- Ther arc trcfidci c uot the 'cai 

irfr- li in their dealings, roL i. p.-44(> 

. caree to an ifl.inJ in 

the; could nn: fit. a out that the* penp4i- Jiid atsy 

kU^ i .-rnent v hoe loow way or other they had got a rcltgioo, 

;kJ« thsv w:.e *<rr Malogo, and tru;i<-i iw it to: dtir dci<:nce, 

m jaiacr ot am: I ic Lur. pt 

i i ecu foiled without rUn:' 

:ven thr ar: ol defending themfe^n, or at- 

(oe but few of them have h iiat 

ria*« mo uae«r' tee bow and arrow. Moll of then, like the Ou/aD 

iuc fticki and Konei ; and the lall lnentictneal 

■ 1 — - 

."■ « *- 1.* I 

» • Is* L t. 5. J« altar. 6«f 7, of the i*i* btiii, «liut iliac «« othrra^ 



people » who kad So xaac.S religion, ufed no arm* at all. ttr, Ftttcav 
b/iic ciTcovcicc certain iflat<Ji «n the S«>o:h Sea. to the Nana « 
the L*oe, where U iogr.c i»habi<MiU <vh» k*6 tbc caib of i*nr i*. 
km aU-vi 4i> iacb long. MJkich lie <hu3uIIcmJ (cited litem ibr yiff 
fiie anas *■*!• I. p. Ip7« ilod Lc Mere met With a pent 
G-il^J, who ufed their tmr» a? an nflcn'vr vrapoo, *»4JHMP 
4oc,*, vc). a. p. ■ . AsiOop, tech ft people, ir cru/r/^p 

aey govinvtnvar or ciriJ tocietr, it ruatt have b«cm very imperfeel, 
■Aaoflaxc mftiiatioo.' 

H«*itt£ fi»cw» vcrycloaHy, »• he ipprcfccocN, tbar eivrl to- 
tiety, which aJon« could produce a Uitguao.«, i> n .t from N«- 
fuce, or coeval with the animal, bur mufr hare had » bfr^rv- 
•int, oar Author f roc«edt to examine- how it begat; ; it b< 
rtidem, that there nrnil have been fume caolc of a charge To 
fcrot a» from a foiitAty> or at an ar f+ftficaJ t I 

IkWand y«/rVr<W »niro*l. Now ihe fame eaufe, we arc to/4, 
tnu ftsft produced ir!«r i iade »cn rational c 

aukc there facial of time pto- 

<3oc*.l ail the aiu of life; and this eaufe u no oehrr ih*n tte 
Murjfttitiol human *tfc. The ntattfuiu he mean* are, cithet (be 
went of liiblirtciice, w of defence *<. riot force and v»o- 

Irncc, without one or other of which caufci, there never. Ik 
arJW in, would tiivc Ltcn foticty, language, or am, aaong 

He now proceed* to anfwer the ful lowing < 
that inflin<3 wa* fufficicnt to provide men with n I 
i*r* of life* and U> defend thcin agaiu.l th . 

re could be no fociety without languJgc ; — aod tliat the law 

ejf N.U'- U treated of by modern writers, fupovfca ncfl 

.vc been originally rational aad pclitiral. 

It* aniwerto the fecond of thefc objections, he cndcivcojo 

te> OieV, horh from theory and fa&, that animal* may aflortxtr 

together, Icrn a community, and canyon jd conceit oncCotn- 

jgS o buiuiefj, without the ufe of fpercij. For this purnofc no* 

. he obfervci, than that * there ftiogld be 

arr«;ii£ < *l* fornc method of communication. If ihcrc- 

la of communication, bcfidea th. 

articulate founds, there is nothing to hinder a focicty to be con- 

du4 without tr-e i;fc of fpcech. Now that there are other 

|(mmU of communication, 11 a feet that cannot be ooub*ed ; 

fcr there air irariictihtc criea, by whirh we ice the'brutrt 

cr.mTtin.riie to one anotlser their fenjimcotj and pofiroru; 

itirre ai- c crifi ; and, UlKy, there »i the exprelBott U 

looks, that ir, the aaiort ©f the face, and the ptfturn of tfc 

,' In or.e cr other, or all of thefc wa 

told, thit animal* may underirinJ one ar- : Icail 

to ad in iviucxt, ai-d carry on Jbtnc co:i. line^i 

Qfdi Drip* e»l Pr*gr<f*ifL*t*att* Vol.1. gp 

aatcoaWiag 10 Aitiloilc, U the dclaoiuoa of a potipcal 

Ttw ennanple* be produces of nnim«l! aftinf in enncrrt, *ftd 
>nifth**itfoi>, without theuff cf fpwdi, *-e rh; beater* 

MN nciitn.rd ljrCat.;i;ul 

rgfiutp arid which th- Cardinal (. . 

<:whc/c in the Vkrtiwt upon tl;e boa** of a 

and the Sfa.ta: t o: which w* 

h*v« a* acoouor, that otu Author think. ra»y be d«pea*kd upon, 

(torn tie Ro|Ean acadrmiru'is in th* dc uri;ickici they have pu*»- 

...;\ifaita t which ihey vrent Co vtlit by order* and at 

: C'/jrinfl. The account given of lb* Stm-cM* 

»nd the. Our an UuLasi*;*, it ft* follows ! 

u animal fUw Ix-i^at) i> amphibious* and, fofar ar appears, 

i fiatcs u: rcjiutJU* like il.c !*.-** er, but lives in iatai- 

i c. very numemu?, amounting to a hundred 

">% for tnc mala keeps a i :nc- 

!ca, of i»bom lie Ij *> jeaiooi u the Grand Senior 

l.eep np aver; flritt iamily-diluuliuc. poniii 

tkrrrwrvrt frvtnriy for ne^Ice'ting any point of rimy, fuch j. 

«m«ftlf otopfSnjr, for whieh ihty ftrtr ^rrat lore nnd tendernrf* ; 

sad lie eoatleqacme or thn ffilciphn* if, o» the part ol the *vives, 

tkxt great darbnaiuaon to saeir kora uJ avajree. fttnaa ta*y eodi 

lfj c (.treaded him, by ever/ mark of humiliatm 

« receives with the utmoit ila^Ijnetf aocj 

i> paffior* and irQUocnuof wait, 

>i, proud, --Jul; and who* 

:;ifc;ei] an) <! cannot rcfen; it, taey, like Avhillca 

ed rears. They are ai brave as any Sp : -vftl 

rtllef J f* fp«; than yirW, or rjnrt rhrlr ground : flnd their 

miliUiy d\i<?t inc in ihii pome it fo l'e»«.-c, thii ;t :;rry" eif tntm runs 

away, cr evea I* iutpectea 1 of donij fo, t>e retf fill Laos hiaa as 

fM rMJy a» taey w**u(U upon ao enemy, and darirxav Itttu. V« lata 

AAJgnal 112s no wiV i>1 fptcciu oor, to Har a« I kiiuw, organs pr^pre 

&r it: but i: a^ j>* he can praftifc tlic jik»;I dif- 

ti, that ci' tovernroenr, and of government over 

feaaalu, in atbicb t- ft men hnvr ru.ri; and even (he legiOit 

Spjr;*, wao. aa Ariitotic ulli us, fvanlc-; to rcgviatc&c lives of ibe 

:hoi"c or" the men, but foiuia i nit a 

irt>t\c that ie wai obliged to give it over. 

' Cut I Oii-tk it -iry to jive more examples of th., 

fi^tt th. -tioa, ttavee ic apj'can to me that our ota faciei 

furnlAsea foJHcicnt for my puruofc. And, ;iut. there are the Ouran 
Q«UBC*. who, as I hire i;«d, xr«r provrcl to be of our Ipecre* by 
faarka oi auaanrty that I think are iivrontcftable ; and they hive owe 
property naarc es the Ipectci than the quadruped f***g«j above- men- 
tic. found in different pm^of Europe, that they 

t. They 1'nc in fociety, buiM huu, joiatd in compaaiea 
atrack eWybiam, and no doubl carry on other joint aockrtakingi 


- fu'imancc and prcicrvatio*! taffeta* nos yet auaUttUIlt 

• Bat tXouJd any ote A "Her . ! ituht of 

maailty of rV Ourar Oa:. id Co Ac 

• pcrfons ajnotg u, wkut no body will deny co be cj 
living -ccgethcr in foeiery, and carrying on jointly a»y fort of bWN 
lo both artes anJ *tt&en wiia trtat dt^cft, not rirff 
eapablc of acting in concert with ctheu. hut of eoicaourg *ii 
recline. 1 

Our Author now n his i^ird book, to ifcew wh«x 

language - l0 lrc3C vf lJ>c " i: « r < ol *>>c irit 

&c. In ilii* book, die Reader will find many ingeoioua obfco 
concerning barbaro'ai Ian^«a;<<j — their progrcU towards iro- 
prorcruent, — (bc&ntjoa uf language* and the f. I. 
propagation,— the change* Co which it ii liable, cfpccjx 
iU p*fri£c from one people to another,—- together 
vtry pertinent remarks upon etymology, and the dc.-u. i 

[«h£iiagp from another. Such of Oi-r RcAsicra, howcn 
as *rc defirous of feeing what the Writer has advanced 
thefc Curjbui fubjecU, we mutt refer to the wort itfelx*, m 
though it contain* fonacfuxifuJ and rcprchrnliblc thing*, 
ii?y that (he Author ha: rcjd and thought much «p> 
fubjeel ; and there aie few Rcaden, wc may venture to 
very few, who wiJl not find in it lomc thing* new. And miri; 
thmci both entertaining and inflroclirc, which will, in ajji 
ir-eafure, atone for the porr.pout and uncectrTaxy cifplay of 
fjphyfkal knowledge, the bijtotted attachment to the Grc:k \ 
loiiphy, the account which ix given of the Ouran Ojtajjgn, 
fomc other matters of Icfs importance, that v. ill readily occur, 
to every iudtcioui Reader a* bictniflwa in a work, which, 
the whole, hat a very conliderabic Ourc of merit. 

AlT. II. Expfrin/xt$ 0mJ Oh/srwiw. lie By Thorrtai 
Apothecary. Svo. 31. d. Icwtd, J ok o Sen. 1773. 

THIS fmall volume contains many philosophical an 
mical experiment!, conducted with ingenuity and accu- 
racy, ana* judicioufly applied to the improvement of pharmacy, 
ano other hrancnes of the healing art. 

In the fir (I chapter the Author relates the p: 
Hag Ma^ftfjia atki 9 in the grearcft fljte of purity. Thi 
count has been already communicated to the publk, in ifcr fc- 
cood volume of the Attdi*ut Tr jtjaflimtt «nJ it bcic rrjirinttu 
ai a proper introduction to fomc of the fiicened 
fhoa ottrftft from it may be ken in our a;th rokmc, O&oaxr 
>7?3» p»g«*6u 

In the next chapter Mr. Henry adds forae miftdlaxree*: 
firnwtiont rehtire to the fame fubjeer, he exp oft a^P 


Henry'j £*prtmtm <ttJ Oifine:- 335 

ffi jif i ricr. or thr intrrrfUel view*, of 2 rert* ; n vender of mag- 
mJu, who prcicndi that the preparation loJd by him ia made 
famim hit obtained from the Epfam w::ter ; and on 
that account-, ia the vuul olU*t&tkMie cant of emparicilm, hoxJU 
he has nude «n improvement in the preparation of th*6 
medicine, & wb ch is by the Lwrtod efle«med one of the greater^ 
acquifilians «o the. Mdte?la Me<Jica."—]rMr. DaleTnrram r/n/.y 
procure* nil magnefia in thfi tedious and expenfivc manner*, 
HrfteaiJ of preeipitsting ir at once from the commo;i, 01 *;tifi- 
cMEpfom frit, he tatret much pains to very httle ptirpofc, at 
the rnciett tyre* in chemiftry can inform him that the T*f*Ji of 
a falt-pan contain* a* gentmie rnigricfiii, a* the water* of Ep- 
forti, or iny other ftt!l more dignified fpring. 

In the third chapter the Author giTea a curftSrv detail of - 
medicinal properties of nn^nefia in itl ot n 

the 4th and 5th, treat 6 of theehanw r 3t 

■-nt*, arvd of its rr-edicinal quality; r.ftcr it ha* under- 
A* the nutter ia of a CUTIOUI and iutrrclt- 
We fhall give .in hiftorical view of the fubject, to 
(hall add the fubirance ot th-A-.ish 
f^rva<fom oft the 1 . ! this ufeful Edition to the Materia 


r. BUck had foe merit*, in ihe profrcotlon of hit ingr-rtlmrt 
■MrpbReMbrkhica rrquii ttie eticmieal propei thil 

»fK=t ( calcined it, and fitft difcoverrd that fixed «iir » ■■ 

about (Vrrii-ctveHtbs ot m weight, which wis expelled 
1* by the fwe in thr routfe *A trie operation. He opftrrej 
tfcafV^n cemfequence of thi* lofi, i: •*/«, lite'«jiiicavlitrtt, dc- 
ptffed of the power of cflervcfcinj with aeid*; but di3".-re4 
from it in this rfrVnria! cjiialirr, that ir did vnt y lite the eatca- 
ictMUntis, when calcined, boCOmc cabftic or acrid, or tc>m- 
wu a o a t c any (cnUt>!c int-m egt iMton to water \. Thl* in^moitf 

phytic ia rr, 
—_^— - 

" ldr. lUi-iy cakoiacca, tmm forBcicut Jtta, that in or Jet w pr$- 

a poucd D*f pry 

.!» be t-iij.oraieadou'n to five or fix pirns, prcm'oui »*> iLe 

tmh kw tnt tjrftoos pnxeJiei of edulcorating and drying the po.vtWr 

• 1 it. 

Phy&al *t>d Utr.-ar) KlTtys. Vol. ii. J 

T Mr. Henry iiig;aio*iir acknowledges thai Lc w*j led 10 AnQr a 

itrlil M i n i U ra H tilinn from fc>me ot'hU rull cxper>mmts made vttti e*N 

t«cd mxgora 1, wh«a hi I impregnate waier very fmitsiy", 

"■JaWfc Ifq in 1 irotn it a liiheniriptic po«.er appsrratly £***#*■ tli*n 

that of the 4ron*^eSl lime water: bet o» lr%<i«btjy n.pcuu>£ iht- 

tTctait paruU U ii.^ftcU*, Jie »t l«a^th difro- 

, a£«d foand that the ioiprrguaricin «aa o%iog to ietc* 

Henry V £*ptrSm*v> mdOlfouMimi 
phyucian> iowcvca, 4oc* Dobapptar ao hove availed hkofttfi 

tacta ditcoteries, by malujig a Dial Of IM laMgnei: 

changed, aa A medicine. 

Ob)»&»n* have bevn made to the ufe of ■►»£»< [U, by K*4 
aun and other*, that ic frequently produced flatulencies r f »P" 
rngt, and other uncafy fcnfations, particularly in weak blUMl 
it ia uour obvious that tbcfe fymptoeas rrwiH h«v< 
dacrd by tbe great quantity ut fixed air contained in 
dafcharged from at in cenfequenceof tu meeting and effete eicre x 
wittt xn acid in the iloeiach or intcftinci. The Author V friend. 
Dr. Peaxirat, accordingly facetted to him the idea of depriving 
it of its air, with a view of obviating tbcfc traublefonae ftvap- 
totm oceaftonally attending the ufc cf it. J he naagnefia into 
treated wm found to be equally purgative, when given in 
in former do fe, and is undoubtedly deprived, by c-vt protege, 
or iccablc qualities above-mentioned : it acquires like* 

wife new properties which render it licely to anlWcr luene 
other important practical purpoka, We Hull briefly fpe. 
few of them. 

By tbe procef* of calcination it if not only rendered incaov 
hie of generating air in the ilouiach and howeW, *jua- 

lihed to oblorb, or render fixed, that which it hncfe there, a*4 
which i> prodiKed, fornciimcs in too great quantise*, in the 
procefi of digeftion j and it ii corafcoucntly adapted to rewere 
tnofc colicka or other disorders, which arc commonly called ti- 
tukot. In tbia refpec* it promises at the Author oblervea, ta 
be much more efficaciou* than the whok tribe of catatinaijiea, 
from which tt eflentially differs with regard to hi mode of ope- 
ration and effects. Itappearr likewifeto be the roofl proper 
cathartic for patient* affiled with the ttone, who aie under 
a courfc of tbe foap Icy \ m it cannot, like the vegetable pur- 
gatives, counteract the lixivium, by throwing air into it , but, 
on the contrary, mult abforb a part of that air which is already 

calcareous matter* which tbe firrVmcaticncd majnefia had receWei 
it the original preparation of it, by hat in*; here waftH with warn 
containing felenite. The fame mill ike bad been before aoaaV by tW 
very sngenioua aothcr of the /fcafjauauM-/ -*> \ *>*w (actnbeced to 111 
Macqucr. and not long fince excellency traatlauaiato nn i hnejaejij 
rec Monthly Review, voLalri. Maa<Ji 13174, page iof) who. tie ic- 
ing of this fubfiancc. fa/a, that * the raagaeiia b. 1 
tbo property of auk* lime.' His miiUkr competed in coauidttU| 
jnagnefia ai a calea.-eotii earth; for waicb opir ,lv3 

introduced into it in the preparation of it (cfpen jj 

by the old procefc of calcining the M*lbtr~u<jBt 
a very pUufibie frooadatioTi. Indeed the true nature of this fnMaoor 
waa totally aakxova till Ds. black s accurate caaraiaatioo e: 


Henry'* B*firi*mi$ a *i Olfovoii***. 

ha (bM*<M tw*, jodwhkl* would oiheewiie be attra&ad by 
tat cauuk akati, and RMo it lets captkcef acting on the 
"SWua. the pfecteting note the Reader will collect of what im* 

Cuoct It U that the magaefia installed for caicinatioa thould 
pttKcUv f;c< from any aJmuctetc cf cilcartous catih | as m 
taut procef., this lift-ratntioncil fobftante owft neceilarily be 
•Wanrcd o!* ita air, or rsudercd cauftic » and the mafrKua which 
Of niw k vf ill acroroiegly impregnate the water m whtch it it 
iemied, with the talkc and qualities of lime water. On IBM 
the Author rnaltca some ublcivatiout, the iubfrjjice of 
wuacfa wt thtnfc. it incimkbcnl on us to communicate to the 

At rt would be natural for every perfon that would wiib ee 
gave (be calcined magocfia ft fair trial, to obuin v ; . . < ilafit'a 
far chat purpofc, on the fuppoiitioa that it muft be fupenor tat 
any other* in purity* as it certainty if in peace* Mt. litany* ia 
an Appendix to this prrtormatv*, foi, worn a feaile uf durr to 
the public, and in juitice to hia own reputation, and to the 
credit of the medicine which he rcrumruciida, entered his pto- 
teil againi! the trte of that preparation >n particular, at he has 
repeatedly found it to contain no ifKuofider able pof lion of caU 
ca/cou* earth. 

Ia coonxaiation of this afcrlioci, the Author relate* force- 
'hich be made with this tnsgncfia, lb highly cx- 
cttrj newt- ptpe** for ia fotritr fWrif mi r run rfl t/ 
atad fur the vhttcnets, and levity, and other /hiwy ouautiet of 
w/wirh, rather than fot ha purity* k ippcara* aceuniiii-; 
cafcuianoa of the Author's that the public j/iyae rhecnutntoua 
rate oi 4S Iluliings the Troy pound, which ia not ooual to ce 
OttJKta Avcrdupoia. Mr. Henry procured f we dificttar parnrU 
from dirscrcnt pcrtona in town and in the country, na- 
VuAcd bj the pcopcxiurx with the fate of it. crery one of uriaja, 
00 heuac fubjetted to the ■ p*rt trdiat* of calcination, proved 
to he calcareous, or had acquired the properties of qatcaUt inc. 
One of them ;ii particular impregnated water wxkj tatte at 
fcteot as that of common lime voter j ar d, on ti-jWrCR air 
into the water, a* copious a prrcipitait Ml us the A.irher ruar 
eedctuad from tliat prepared wth ftone or t**r1er-(h«il iKne. 

We can contrail ibefc fin^uJ*; hut UtirUStoiy ytoaft of nVe 
eakareoot mipanoeiof thit cnHly pitaaraziAft, with nearly 11 
anrrj inBanccs of the purity of diffcrti u of even the 

■n magnetu, ufually fold at oat-tUH/fih of we suite. Otic 
different parcels bought merely for experiment Utc at 
dieTetesrt drops, rotn: of the fpecirnem, oti hem? ca'circJ, ftood 
the left wader which thi» boattcd madeira failrd fo e^\ 
a* tney cttnmunkated no o} lovr.r.' 



Hcnr/i Bxf&inmu 4td (Ajtr\mieku 

could be dilcovtre*i either by the tad(e, oc on 
^Mo the VMM Hi which they had been dt§ert*d — .< 
it to be observed tha* a very rrwnuce portion of fwecJuT* 
tanned in the calcined cnagnciia, is lunicieru to guv a 
calcareous impregnation to water to which it u digeHv*a | 
that id the ungntal prcpaxntiori of th.> lubftancr. 
don fhould oc paid to the purity of the water employed n 
|X«cfc; for, as a ><ty large quantity is u:ctl in that open 
toe leleniic* coei'.ait cd in many waters will, at the Author 
ferret, be decompounded in the boiling, and the n 
earth be afterwatds depotitcd and mixed W;ih the magmrfta. 

la the tour fuccesdios chapter* *rc contained 1 rev era I 
niou* experiment* :— On the powers of various ab£wh*n( 
in prooaotirig or retarding putrefaction :— On mmcot the 
aBMDUbcal ptupcit:rs ui cjkitscd noaguc/ia, employed aar a mes- 
ftntumi in which the Author (hews that, Kite Quicklime, 
pollelfca the pu*cr of promoting tbc loluuco of* rcfin 
ftancea in water, without communicating* as the linn: vrtil flt- 
ticialy uu, any calctrcou* impregnation Co tlic tinctures ibv. 
ohtsuMui ; — On the various (olvcnt powers of quiccJimc, irM 
as a nrtrilhuum, in carlcecnt quanMics , — and on the compa- 
rative anufrtptic powers of vegetable ioiufion» prepared vnfi 
lac c 

The experiments in the raft chapter rcta:e to the faretejatftj 
pn (cubed co rued air by Dr. Macbrstle, whofc doe3rrte 

on this head the Author confirm), in oppoution to the ec- 
£ons of Dr. Alexander, deduced from certain cxpcrimer.u maa 
by him, chc lubflancc of which wc have tormerly rclattxl 
W;. Henry'* trial*, which appear to have been made with at* 
curacy, putrid flclh wis cither rendered Icfs put i id, or t 
Iweetened, by its expofure to the a£tion of this flui ' 
rcfulta of Dr. Alexander's experiment*, fo difcro 
«f Dr. Macfaride and of the Author, ;he i ' utcs 

jemlernan'a having uied too ftr.;ll a quantity ci 
to his not having taken fufiicicnt precaution co retard tuft 
rapid fii(ht and difftpauon of that fluid, on iu dilcha/f rem 
the efTervefting fubftauicca. Wc ihall conclude th 
an account of an obfervation, which may poflibl 
light! to tbofc who would further invdiigatc the natSR^p 
operations of this fmgalar arid active element. 

In one of Mr. Henry 'a experiment*, though the , ' 
contained in a large bonle full of rixeo »rr wtt 
found that the air in the bo trie was rendered intc : 
lite, and * /oW,' fays the Author, * to kaot aetl 

. ■ See Monthly JUvicw for June larl, p. 44;, *c. and the 
of Dr. Pcicival*! bouk, ia oat lai Nunbcr, 


C*j'i JfifitJLmNm m>i u Vol*. 111. and IV. 337 

tmrU fmrU ifvjxtb tbtjl'fi' ••at win Ut?r'\vt> J . ,' (o trut the fcfu£ 

s^fcaftwiai out imc *pf t *i 10 hue been drftroyed, bat only to 
• uaji*cd pi*t«. On thu occahoo bcaridi, that theic naay 
o» io«K * ati.< en lbs hxed air and the fcpt'ic 

an mi* he act as a menitruum on the 
40Uim* •oaitced by putiiJ bo4it».' Dr. ftrcwal ItkefsttetJafe* 
ral ftolution 1 ibu f*d, cbal £xc«J air, : 

nujr, may abltract frr-m (he fcr>nc body, 
and bold founded or <iilibU'cd, the putrid p*. 

S*y not ex ally >ni»- 

po^ . icrouat for the cbec* £iren to chc ;»u.ici 

-isixxisv ami ibe ilop pat to th< Ircfti generation of tjftuvij an- 
tU* tactc cirviienifcjncce, he obierv 

jHUiciccot fold: lit kind 0/ air wl I j po- 

traU&ioa, tl c fcoart ion and diichargc ot* any more is prevented, 
aoJ ibcbody n retained in it* o:< i a* it is now bl % 

medium already fiturated, and there h no vehicle to cirry it off. 
luflratea tub opinion by the inftaocc of a wet cloth, which 
hecosnedry in an atmofphrrc fatrffSttd with moilrure ; 
oi a piece of red hoc wood cealmp to burn in inflammable 
b re auk: Juch ail ifl «hcady faturatol with phlogifton; and 
appohuly by (he phenomena observed on putting a 
[(imc of iron filings and iulphur nude into a pafte with wa- 
ter) in a con fin; J place, or id all in whuh candlca have burned 
imc • t'odci ihcfc circumftanccf, 00 heat, cffctvcforncc, ot 
lurnc can be generated ; w hems the time mixture in frelb air 
prcicorly grow* hoc, foiokcit copiouily, and unci Is very oitca- 

- - — - — — ,. 

\\U Tit MtfiflU**** tftrh </ Mr. Job* G*j. Voh. 1JL and IV. 
iano. 6», Bell. ty; 5- 

WE remember to have ft .vlicrc in the Imv coun- 

- 1, a print of a bookfrHcr dlggifig "i tha ion;b or* aa 
author, si : « I imfelf »i lie work*, /i | , Thi$ 

of men of genius. The ir.duttrr o:" th- 
reat lo*e and • tor whatever was the 
. . 1. .:. ..: his exfi.K-, m- 
ia dormitories or their 
i J uul u(' ihc purcil and uiuit diim;cr-lied 
day-lijht what tiey would have wlfiicd ta b* 
lay the sjidvca of fuch bookibllcia 
• the r*je 
an^i) authors dciccnd upon their head* ! May 

■- h irandatoiSy and 
.t covc!> in (hcu cars ! 

Z Nura":<:» 



M 3 (frfaMjfi'Uanetus U'crfc VoJ^HLandlV. 

Numbers of things that poor {jay deferved- amply of p 
to have forgotten,, are revived -in Itlsw* two voiiicw*: 
the very rwnjes of which wc Lova bis memory too well to 

Yet if the following-poem b* Gay's, and we have no r< 
believe th#t-it w-iwt his, ii ought not certainly to be anj 
Jeft out of that collection of his works which is now coe 

An Elegiac Epiftle to a Friend, written by Mr. Gay wfc 
laboured under ft Dejection of Spirit*, 
Friend of mv youth, ihedd'A thou the pitying tear \ 

Off the lid relic; of my happier days. 
Of r.aturc tender, a: of ibul uocerc, . ^^H 

i'oj: 'ii thou for me the melancholy lays? 
Oh ! truly faid !— the diflant landfcape bright, 

Whofe vivid colours gliticr'd on the eye 
Is faded how, and funk in (hades of night, 

As, ©a feme chilly eve, the cloJing flow'reta die* 
Yet had I hop'ri, when firft, in happier times, 

I trod the magic paths wheie Fancy led. 
The Mufe to :<..( f in more friendly climes, 
Where never Mia'rr rcar'd its hated head. 
How vain the thought ! Hope after hope empire- ! 

Friend after friend, joy after joy ii loft; 
My de.-ireft willies, reed the fun'ral fires, 
And life is purch&s'd at too dear a coil. 
Yet could my heart the fclnfli comfort know. 

That not alone I murmur and complain ; 
Well might 1 find companions in my woe, 
All born to Grief, the family of Pain ! 
Full well I know,, in life's uncertain road, 

The thorns of mis'ry are profufcly 1owd( 
Full well Lkpow, iothis low vile abode, 
Beneath the chaJt'ning rod what numbers £roan. 
Born to a happier ilate, how many pine 

Beneath the oppretfbr's pow'o or feel the froarr 
Of bitter want, cr foreign evils join 
To the fad iV;n ricmr. of a broken aeart. 

YBI f 

How many, fated from their birth to view 
Misfortunes growing with their rip'ning ygaj 

The fame fad track, through various fcenes, v 
Still journeying onward through a lafe ©tic* 

%W •' - i- \ ■..-■■ 

Gtf rMp,*i*M m** -vd*. KiWiv. 339 

nfctnit ate' »l»< botf« ; 

•WJuicwWiww a\i*'rict m*j>. Ifin d w*y» 

V>'fW*«* co.t«:ir uwhippy hoi he pr.m 

.. iu..£ fed Mgnu ^» Jife'a mut bafy -day! 

■ f"uch theme* Might ; — 1 B»r» rtjoictj 
When chjucc Tome huppicr, Unci change 1 fcc, 
Thoo^b no fuch charge an-ait «jr luetic 

A ad •ountfiim life fc<tH*;cu di/ hopn and rae. 

For why fiVooM he *ro rovti the dreary iviiie, 

StiU joy oi» cVry ft<U io view the f bom, 
Or wfctu upon ihe coudi of iiek-.rvs pi;.*. 

Well pieu*d font) * h*pjcft neighbour*! torafc. 
If e'er « gleam ofcoefojt gud« my foul. 

If e'« ay bio- to wonted Imilej unbend;, 
Tb »kcn the minuses »» tbey n 

Crffa Mid one gtrani irfplrafuic tu iut iiiends. 
Ei/'a in theft il»4e#, tbr JmI retreat of grief. 

-Some iraolwnr 1. «ilmg» will tfcat ckctfffht be.'. 

To MckftokcWy'i kH yield fotfrc tdi 

Aad e*Je lie bremfi fufcmwjfd »i:b BOt i 

Long ha* my hark itt nidcU tempfilt tol 
tWfctcd *ai. find Uetam'd lilc'i bofcle wave*. 

So&cc ic now, ia til my vifhci croi 
To fotk a ptKcful bar boor in ttagrare. 

Aril wh«» that bow (hall come (ih <e>mc it mail) 

Etc mari) moonr their waning horns incrcafe. 
When ibu frail m-x with iind-ed 4n\, 

And all i:s fond purSiiti and troubl 
Wbai thofe black g*e» fh:it etrr open fond, 

Receive rte-on en' irremeable lliore, 
Wacm Life'* frail jt'flf* '■" Tu ^ '" irttcfl find. 
And the doll jtA repeated chariot do more. 
Ifcen may my friend weep o'er the rueVoJ heaHe, 

Tttff hifly M» prcfeiice *ild the awful gloorni 
Anc hi i Lit tribute be Come mournful ettrft, 

pot that bcM> my alcnt tooib.-"— 

-and no cxirt: the itfl let HtaVn provide 

■vfcievi rei^o'd. i truir my weal or lYOe, 
AW4 towe'e* lie j» 11 ice ilaJJ decide, 

jb| ht wojie ifcjt I Live kft Ulc-v. 

Z a 


, 'which hit 'gonoHllyfcbefctti^IIPWflft. ^-.P-Kfourn- - T rrvnv^a 

£r ' ■ '"' ' "'" ■■ ' • ■ " , ;| ,,,,! — •■ j ii mj - r.>i »ifi W b„jii 

' '**■* See Review ft* Septa**. M ^^ 37 |,„ 

THE.. fettlcmcnt of Pitz-Sfcpheti sod Pits^cnHlin Jtebail 
was followed by die ftrrivu of RtthardSfrongbowvifcaefof 

Urged his views and enflamed Iris pafiiom; fo that, burning vfth 
jrevenge, and intoxicated by ambition, he determined to 'caautnd* 
.with Roderic for the monarchy of Ireland. It was with- this vie*, 
agreeably to the advice of Fitz-Stephen and Fha Gerald, that.JK 
applied to the Earl of Chepftow, who probably was well dtfpeied, 
and certainly enabled. to lead fuch an army intolndand, as aigktii 
the end exalt Dcrmod to the fovereignty of the whole nation*. . -,13b 
Earl Richard had heard of the iuccefles of hit coontrymenv 4fce* 
readily determined to obey the invitation. * Neglected- by< hfauP t an g> 
©ppreffed by his neceffities, and flattered by the profpcoV-bf vakafale 
acquifnion* in Ireland, he inftantly repaired to Hcaryv ^ e yiefta atd 
Jiib riiitrcii, and entreated the royal favour to re-iaftate^heikijaubu 
former affluence, at leaft to permit him to coon rim. retain* of ; fe- 
tunc, by hazarding his life in the fervice of the Prince of. jddo&tr. 
Henry, who by no means wifhed that his fubjecta AouW >aukt~&o 
couudcrable a progrefs in Ireland, mach Jefs that the rcda&oidrf 
this country Should be gradually eifected without hia^aifcrpQSctfti 
was not d euro us that the prefent Britim adventurm lh<Mridi£AMJ*T 

. additional reinforcements : yet, without djfcvo-Mag hit fomdr feOtt- 
,jal licence, or directly forbidding the Earl to pariue hii mnrrW^ 
enterprize, he at Frit detained him by various pretence*, avittoaaaaf 
explicit aofWer to his petition. When his instances were renesWJ. 
lie riFccte4 to commend his martial fprrit, but treated hri frnrsaii 
an adventure into Ireland with contempt and ridlcole. -:Jfeic&anfcsaai 

.•ftiU importunate; till the King paffionarely-vomnmnb^djsBmi jc*bc 
gone, with fome equivocal expreffions which mightiw uadsrslqadiis 
an aiTent 10 his rcquclt. The Earl, determined to underrlaod iitssore- 

. losd in this manner, departed, and prepared for hii<ex««duiefei»liA 
all imaginable vigour.* : ■■*--'•*.'*, ,4i.d bluorfl 

„. The military actions of Strongbow, after , hrs arrirtbintbelsai 

.• are related by Dr. Iceland with perfprcuityand fpinsv-i Thaijaigrcfi 
of the Earl of Chepftow was fo rapid and extenivs,. ihsstdampied 

- to promife a fpcedy reduction of the whole ifland. .. Thifcat4rata*v 

thievecnont which Henry the Second referred* ftfenfa^ftaQo^jajre. 

i;»ibic, he immediately took the ararm. '^fotoiof ^es.Iheotfthliite 

nc.advcotuxers, and particular!? oF the '&&wiilxi-p*wsrfl*faSmiatffrv, 

who by his alliances in England, hi* ac^arfiflosi, ^ctavsj-aamfe 



-J fc -«td 

1 it iht(t hccil.riu wo*. 
prcfccit^ i <n in Ireland. Ht-ii y«l 1 

ng any Rngliih VtJU fro* f*^i-> ' 

ouhnm ; and conunandir^ ili i i f S- 
jtcW re£dcnt in Irelaad, or eve rv order and dc?/»t, to r<;urn 
fMlitc before lit enfuinr. real! of 1 

RIM* acJ be tug c<cUicU uai: 
iothing amid be mcrr dirtreffir.g to the ftrulfti iJwmurrn fun 
rnkt levoe at;d prrr«jVO.'y rdicl cT their Sovi r Retard 

eneic w oorrd to trerubefclow, b> an hi 
*W rornl c»a>i<cr Whiic »t: ucid; of :!ic 

■the aJ3*j:i t..| ;!ic *0(H*i£S L>;>. AHIC C\<J) J 

al*rmir.j\ In thnjuno 

hrrcek ckec The mi . 

«>o*<eiri2«rnitjo*, ir-J !»»♦ .-i - -• attend 

■o tfcckfj iuccxaUop arLir: ol 

totnuf d re alaruicj l_. . . ■ 1 -. 

particularly inconvenient in their prefer.! fitu 1. of 

tfceir ally Dermnd. Trm a. p i>llo\vW 

toeit det ecJion of the Irifn fore?* frcrn I 

cUtca. KereicSdciJ, the Lul's course and ' ire, 

aaaidi tbeic actumaUu be- 

otmcio far foccd'slu). a* ;u c 

In ibr mean time. Henry king of Ehohnd had rreovered from 
onita-natiM At t*« death 0/ Bcckct ; hit Vigilance Jud : ■ 
**d proved too po*crluI lor tiic oitchu | -id 

abUed no iopgci 10 defer hi> |on£-picjc<1ed cipediitou iun>Ik- 
toad. All tbis vrhile he utterly difarowed ihe proceeding* of the 
■dWM'W, m 11 1: ifii. ffrfampllnn 

n»d dilbbeclience. and, by a fecond meiTagc, farormned Earl Richard 
to* appri Ihc hart obc;rd the mandate and 

Met the ki*$ at Ncwnham (LCaj GTotKcftcr. Whatever r«A-«:uicnC 
lie* >«*» f>jii allayed by the fa the Ear!, 1 

.ii profeffioni »f all- ni- 

tooru to ta< difpofa! o!" hi* royal matter. The Tccnc or 1 on 

no* doled by a treaty, in which it m h xeieed that the I lt> 

lis, aadxiaxje •*•' noaia, together With all the maritime 

lewas andicen acquired b) Su«ti;;buw» lliould be furrendered abfc* 
lacsiy in Henry, tvhn. ou hu part, gracjoifly confeQied ll 
uSoald hare :i! hi* Other Iri li pAflrffioiis granted in prfprt«.lt]r, and 

10 *r h«-j ■■ g and tiii bcin. 

In inc liird ebapur of the tirll book of the work before u», oar 
■■ii in 1 1 and ck^ UJ givei »n ICCOVOC of Henry's artival 

,1 Irelame. LflC important cientk wh.ih all 

aAion, tohi« ociaj; recalled 10 Ncrroaody. Referring to th/- Hiilory 
tcraj druil of thu rxpedtuon, v> 1- sir 

Kendrn Mjtu kamv part of what Ur. Lclanci tjaih juo <iranceil 

fciticntcnt now mae'e in Iidattd, anc 1 .on 


. in '.ha: ouiutr; 
z 3 

* \Sn 

3+f hd&v&s llifiw) is/ iwtcWi 

-^<'.'W*1tfclv«Tftfcb tnfipvHcet sod-pe** cWeftiinarrjpWaitf <Wh»iU 

rto^'lo^i}U»^«oni^ : ^hb afriitdincfa ■ihe=:leftRftfrfri*wfc^«*rtn«* 

«**M thir-toiAptn ieifcs nor unvforTtrJ btriviftwd j&f «ifMl# 

potentate, <*b« d«Twaitdrfi *-rci^ogoh ; .ob' of 1iisrfo^migV*tyy ' i&Hg ed 

thvfli » become his tributaries, and 'to -give hofragMsforrhevr'fw* 

Ktyv and even fometiines to refign % portion of their terrkorytJ '-** 

tharHenry'' demanded no more than they had frequently mMVMl 

others" with great vevdinefs, and generally with tittfe"ih»*etir/; 

fcaicely considering tha eonceflion as difhonourable, 'much ItJVln 

effeorial diminution of their loeai power and authority. ' Nor iwrtwi 

Ary Authentic evidence to prove, with whatever «onfideuctl r lf' , MM> 

have beert afterttd, thar n the Irifh made no terras for theft toWn ft w 

01 government, but wholly abolifhlng their own,' they confewten? ii 

receive the EngKlh Jaws, and fubmitted entirely to the ftngiifh g«M 

iert>ih«nt,^. It is (tarcely conceivable that a whole peopte ftowW 

a't once be either forced or perfuaded into fo extraordinary a rrvolfli 

t&*-, ■ uiilefs they, of all the human race, rude and barbarottsas they 

Aw 'fepkfented; were alone exempt from (bong partialities in fWovf 

of their laws' and cuftornv. Nor u it probable that a politic MtHitff 

SacioBs pWnce fhould form a fchetnc in his prefect fituutiori fo^eid 
hvagarrt.'becaafe of all others the mod dangerous TO attempt; krtf 
the woft difficult to effect, that of obtruding, in a tndroe-oty ati vrfJ 
tire nBw'tyftern of laws and polity npon a number of commutrttW 
none dfvrhtch he had fubducd. But that no fa?h'deJrW#*s eh*# 
attempted- or effefled, will appear rot only from the mmMfoldtpVoufi 
winch toufl hecelTariiy be produced in the pro^refs-'bf rtis"hi(*Wryj 
bit from the trenfac\tions already related, we have obferved 'fhst'bf 
ifa ordinance of the fy nod of Cathel it was provided, that rheesVfrw 
mould;, for the future, be free from allfecolar exatfiorik "fftwiew 

deeerTary to produce this ordinance atlargfc: "" ' '" ,,; " *>*<T* 

* " ALL the eeclefiuftkal tands and poffeffiOrrsmaM bt eit««WHw 
from every exaction of feCular men. And rrWMlv TWptttyViMftt 
or lords, or any potentates of Irefand, nor tTrrir cWMrtn nbyfofni- 
^es, mall, for the future, exact rnainfenancrdr enttrtaitrtbent?^ 
dording to cuftom, in the ccclefiaftical territories, or prWviftrilHM> 
tort them by violence. And that deteftable eniettttftirnent; wfllttefc 
fcur times a year required by neighbouring lord*, Aall-tnt^fihHli 
ftrrcre, be demanded from the ecclefiafttcal towns!— ^JfM lfe**M 
over, in, all cafes of homicide committed fcy thV'tahy; "Womm 
they (hall compound for the fame with their" advWfajfei\'I&tf<cl(aas^ 
who art their relations (hall par nothing on 'this s*ttoa*t i >f tout** 
they had no' part in the perpetration of the fcomiclde*, foth*tt>tt«j* 
Ijr free from contributing to the fine." ' '' : ' '■ '•" • •** b»W s* 

""'It cannot be fqppofed that the execution of tfc^IriA fW*B*M 
6c! 'thus regulated, if theft laws were emiMy'abtrtinWH^ if*rW 
cHrgy Were to be exempt from CoyO, ' faft C WM y tact 'twftei^H^ 
fxattSbni; it Is evident that the petty tcirfgi ah*1o+ds l V*eWi|Blhlfc 
deth'amf' them from others. If the clergy w«e nVri tdbrjnVVrbtiM pt 
m Eric in cases Of murder, If follows that'll' cc^peVAnonT'Mni 
m tdlw paid by the laity ; and of cdnfcowhW taiV'tlW'efeMMr' 
polity was not only tofubfift, bdr warranted, fcttfted, and |MAff4|lt 
*fy: ;.' * - ' '" ■ l • ,- . ?\ iim» itftf 

UUafr Hrftiri tf fe W. 


-tn»ttrii»>i»)r«Mli^n«iby the authority of ti<*rj 4 Here .then, Avert 
there »* ether, wc Uv* a diictl pr£«foi a regular cOOftttt oct**oa 
• BDor.irth Mid the Irith chUcuinu The; ftrfestateu to htt«ao 
ht» ataffih uid tribaurict. Ho wat (o proicet theea in li.c admuij- 
IrtOO* « ifcor petty novcr.-tmctics aceojcitEg to ;heir una mc4dn 
• w-3 ih«t *-e AmlJ nnd that fnaoiiu »oc aetva!ly adjnsV 

•ilkit«L— " TUy foterroJ .pic." fait* Sar John Dlritti 

" i>rU»c Breton liw ; they made iheai awn coa^icratca and otficeni: 
they pr.rdoceel and pmrirtied all mifcfarttiara ir l>r«att 

*—iric\ i They made warrc tod peace oe»» **th M iOtt 

t£Mn>fla*4fttf an J thai they did uot onely duri*t lie '**£•< at* 
: -vnrdci in alJ timet, even uatjtlthc raifoc 

«Q»/c*a Elizabeth,"— No* 
or ia oppofitierk to hi* aautoriry, hoc by hi> jWtH-.c 
■m -he acta of ae atfembiy whttb decned 
tfte-.r ai'ilv lion. 

.»c_Mc, thai chcconceGocJ c-f luc Iriih 

kw\l* were uaifanedy aude 10 2 Icon and hi» L<ms. And a> England 

■ lErdly tb<- l> i dctruniani. 

*r fault wnier^and Mi lawfal ft tee lion to tac cr*«*a) 

So that the imer.uoQ ot ail tJtattaaa -.■ ,wlh 

cWlu^i*f(K4fj to be. chit tax RiDg* of &nc!and &ouid foe ever 

fc*Of**a lord* perainonn; or' ;hc uraaaOaiet wjueX tacfe <aiefuiof ic- 

%ai*Kd. Mdinkemoon re ihofc waich iney abfolatcSy reigned : MM 

. be «'a*ritii«d to g'An; or trj ;ih domi- 

fal hwirith vailaJf a» y.I . b-Jt that the 

tipedewd obeijierjcc! be paid to the Ringa oi tnf laud la Um- 

1*4 ftftxeftoo » and the territories i*fi?i . ..nam lor cru 

aMrfteet «r* ihi* kingdom, and appaodent on (li Or, in 

rrjmft it in the languige of ihe'ptieiit ct* He.-.ii- tfc* Third to hi» 

faat-Kdward, that ibey ihonlt not bo lepera-ted from, in* ct#*», fact 

vhtfijy reviaict totnc K.inji of England foe e>cr. 

:-a»r«(L\m» both with tlie native* and the, .;4*ea>- 

ient} had ao*u acejuited tl.e abfolaxa il«-«ninuaB ot tevnal 
mririrtK citwi, an4 :hcir Xrpfadcnciet. <hc orociccc oi Ur-nt-r 
waa p Ue;mod, he >. . 

iratfal to hoi-.. 

Itatth Appear alio t^ Itavc beon ccvicd :j the K -ic 

tiflgnfe aeknvfkdfc an , :nx 

4ea*h of M'U^hwoj ffr that Hear y had im* a rrU 

aary. >*da noaaber of UrjfCH in the nl«nd, lad hiii the WTtiOlt rea- 
->oft a fpCfdy «ncrei(cof both- And to thcJe bit tuuj^tv 
ie Meed punted the En^liih U««. accoriiog to the wdimonv 
htinbevt Pjria, not as a model whereby »;.=> aii^fti |0*eiu itcm- 
****♦, or4 iVintie :i*ir oun polity ; for thea tney hao no need dim, 
t,nft*(*th*:r pr-!itud< to the k)a|; lOJ *hil they nug^ icrf 

tWialeU^, il, by >on, W»f h*d Vod the ftfl 

latCJ-of -iC«xlnb lab^otUs rxjiher in tt\\\ cade waa li^rcaay prft. 
fOaHy or laracfity for an oath to tha Kiav.^btxeby u*t 
aaahea>t<eavate«^f tbrfc i-i. On the contrary, 
'»■■. era/lUttxm, by t^ev pri:r|ol acc«;!j'Cc ot : ... U**, 

aajj their fUoio ca^a^rtnenw 


tneif^^&Ui iMoh 1 *, antl : rr-nV wW ' ttiHV aHtftffoc* *& to *MP£> 

Ktf^n Mf ^^rejoted tnaHhey' JhouM ftill VconadeWdits** 

f&JWi^bf his YeaTiti,' ftlid (fill Yetam the advantages • <rf that cftdftlJ 

fWon AMcV,' 'to A'b/cfts, tfiey formerly enjoyed, add wfetek'-fct'g** 

C>5jty jkehfed that they fliould ftill retain in the? feme eftaWdrp) 

wfiSmB any diminution of' their rights, or any chanfcein tfboir AftfltfJI 

fi£irifelCio£ Hence the nect flity of a new oathy whereby *hoy'W#« 

tifflOTlfrduC allegiance to Henry and his heirs, and- to the faitinil 

dmcViiii&jFcf the laws of his rtalui in their new frttfc meats, -thw 

irjatje'a part and member of this realm, inseparably connected* oftd 

iMiinttely' oo'nibKdsted with it.**— •• -' .i—i.tfLr 

'"** tor the better execution of the laws of England, it appear* thm 

rteXrjr made k< divifion-o'f t&e d : iirifts, new lubject to hi™, niw 

ftiliei nr counties, which was aftenvards improved and enlarged}-*! 

the' ext'etlflcn of the Englifh fettlements, and the circuroftanccref 

the country required. Sheriffs were of conllquence appointed boll 

faY'rift counties and cities, with judges itinerant, and other mtwiaers 

fef$f)(ficV, officer's of flate, and every appendage of Englift govdfli> 

Jfteht arid' Engliffc law. And thefe inttitutions feem to bave been* 

yart. of .Henry's firit com pad with the adventurers, and t<t>Jutc«M> 

medla.teWittend'eb'hia grant of iKtir old polity and privileges^ 4k 

iit : i5tei:nf 'Charter to the citizens of Dublin, executed before *vi* ds- 

Mrtmt'f&ak this city, we f.nd mention of his jullices, ^kertftt^-iNL 

WhtVyflcert. To complete the whole fvftcm, a chief gover*e<ry<cY 

repvfcfertatrve of the King, was nectf&rily appointed, who fja^i* 

i-xMcfle'the royal authority, or'fuch parts of it m might-bo 14*11 grip 

'tea: "to him, in the King's abferet ; and as the preient'ttaft* of sjH* 

1a*nd, and the>app'rcheni:ons of war or infiirrcdtion made-it 'pecalinrfy 

neceferjrTo gnard ngainft fadden accidents, 01 extraordinary- fat 

"tingemSes'; it was provided, -by whatiscaIlcdaStat»te«f Htaie/«w- 

EmpTtft/tnali In cafe of the death of soy chief ga«erner, the^ba* 

cellorl treafurer, chief-jofticet, and chief baron, keeper if thc;»ti|, 

■rtdttrfg^ ferjeant at law,- fliould be empowered, with content of lie 

■nbblei of the land, to eleft a fuecefTor, who was to exercife th**f4) 

power and authority of this office, until the royal pleaXvrc Jbouti bt 

farther known.' ■ ■ ■ ■ »« j>idi 

-■■'The-fonrth chapter continue* the hiilory of Irift affairs, fax* tee 

departure of Henry to the death of Earl Strongbow, and the fefafe- 

traenr expeditions of John De Coarcy into Ulticr, and Mite^ Cu f i a 

into Connaught, We meet here with a Member of adventures, 4k 

u hie li the mofl barbarous courage was difplayed, and a-g rcatvj&ietyif 

fortune experienced. The Author Concludes the chapter ^ wiiib-dieto- 

•Jowinv rer>ref,niation of the miferable condition of the wbolu Ijjfcali 

' ■ 1 he imperfect and jejune accounts which remain ofchc lc«ad cttf 

ferftions and provincial Cornells in Ireland* at this,- period^ -gtfbna 

*lht>cferirg idea of the ilate of this onhappy country. — De4aWtediWfjl 

"Thcmond in the footbern province were diftra^ed^bytheiijeajiaiii 

•ctf .contending chiefs, and the whole land walled lij |i|iiiiijawafllaajl 

'WocoS' quarrels. Treachery and murder were itvem£e#*f <re,ta;tafy 

'#hd murder, (o as to perpetuate a fueceJfion 1 -of GUtr^tMi^m^tM 

fi'orrifl and dirgtaceruj to htmaniry, The-iK^a^^-ftfo««k^«»a«U 

'■/rirr.rp/JiXrrnonarftcTi ito*$h the-neW'Eofe»fe ftmn^Jimi^ 
*««■-■..■ confidem 



. <", 


mnd • T j r»yj 

n of K 

: of d!«\' iiiun 

:.> tkfi 

: in the f.:*m it |&ca 


.t ft, <ui«; | cncjal fub- 

■ i i' ic govrra* 

< pcovcJ a iifijuiax W effing Lnhafppy pcopk. 

»*3 plcafcd to ordain thti ihci* en^rmtac] .houUI 

ovn fcrerc pun 

o red io pmvi 

. : , a ii ■i■■•■ ■ 

*cll J witn ih< ti cuvufcaccj o; 

wai ti> f rciidc, ta&chapUtcri 0/ thofc „ae wi* 

pcitrn, slit grit ? Ante* he wu to icilicfi, *iuJ die ir regit Jan tie* 

tfhing and cxic: 
:Kc fcQirit/ of the new Uulert, 07 
Itafl)** fc* 1 *- njjekcoing eicry paitor loc UnjjJiih uai- 

W jcaJoufic* of ihc luui i a; tin 
ti n^ikwe "I b*xh nation*, who had been unfitly driven 

h>c\ ttwi- ng equally 10 all, up 

adoiaiUttuaa. BrbJci iftgoiiw the j>o- 
rcd»at 10 L*C7, (he King fonnd himfch at kifucc tp 

«1 r*fuif l ■ ' : 10 iliia kiogd- 

£« fc« i'uuhiio iCJUurcn i j *ticnd him in fiog* 

.-. r -iniie x; ■■■ 1 Bin -ippoin:- 

locafi ct tu Io :t ::pp«aot 

i't>a* a*f» i* £ - Unry confotfU Juiac*- 

Utiag mote upofi hi* foa ;;.in j p. 01 tie ol honour, or icm 
*jtbru • ifc*4g.f*junaiieot an 

LJUI it *w.i. Iiy no a: 

! tranttcc t>K right* he hl*i 

. *M »U-lu:ciy CO h., ion. Alar time 

iVa ji^b «i* Mi m«( ' - icfoocntof JscUnd tviih 4 

jaiau *tio* wai fo weak, 1 \, and ul- 

.,and ap k » ^ttrcy 

ta. 6e . - ■ -■■ •'- L'oorcy u/« end*. 

iafinji' **> : '* vigour ;iic authority ot F.ogliih governoicnr.. And ci 
4£ aajuittizyna already made, wnUii WiJ <ol l&*l I»c 

Jlcau 1: ■■ 1*0 d« Uic jviU.naUici re 

Jmc 1' '4 with ni^nuixniiy ^nd f^i/i^aoi] 

w lsd> oKIcm yiu* 1 1^9: ■« prioc« whom impartial judgmea: 
•Wtiwi a>vA rMui: tti»oi«g tl«e hrlt characters of n:ito;j. 
laliaj^ i*i* cic&i. Ox. Lciand taxei occauoa to ifctx ■ 
OUi rcu:4ik*ue* thepoje/of IWiuy ; ^.Jui aUssVain, 


afTstf 1 


wjj ii#gkd< 

346 UNA fivhyvftofad-i 

IpQfetWfttawrlrtUadr. i*. ri- ,j't hnA. vtiloqlo mrtvl 

- t-1 «*nj^fl»C*tl* hi* hUiory of .eft InwAttM MTjiflkMi ***! 
of -the Confine* gf Ircjand |. a ridicuW -flatter*^ Mt JM i fr fJittrii 
which U» frequently been echoed by fuec coding ■%?««;»* ^9Fih4 Osniti 
chaplain of the twelfth century may be pardoned ; k& . jh t saflsf |Hn 
feflyr of laws in the*ighteenth, aflerts in form tfttf Iwlnt^lfflWij raj 
cjpisred- by Henry the Second, and hence proceed* taefuteiifoftPa fet 
viable fights of conqueft, it may not be impeniiMafc VfciJta#»)*v 
real matter pf fact. And thut it fcems to be i . .. ■ io3r»w rte 
\ '■ Some" Englilh lords, with their vaffafc,. e cgage in the {raWatiaf 
ao exiled prince in-one of the IriOl province*. .They hav*-<tfcvMfajil. 
lands afiigoed to them for their fervice, in a&ittng-hioi a> roc*vne. hi*. 
do»tfnions. Theyrefign their acquisitions to Heoiry, ' assd are*g|iv 
inverted with molt of them, which they content to- hold a* bttfjftftji 
fabje£U, by the ufual Englifh tenures. Henry, on his pajvwif' 
anlillfj that theft hit fubjects in their new fettlement, ibaJl, -«pith«lt 
thtir dependencies, enjoy the advantage of their old coatlituiiof gJNHk 
lie governed by the laws of England. Several of the Info ^ijcftnJffi 
fubmit-to-pay homage and tribute to Henry ; and in c&&(&i\ten$%ipii 
their ceffiooi receive his promife to enjoy their other rights **d prift 
vilegea.- --Roderic-, who claims a fupertority ever the osiera^jtfjaf* 
ha«H)g hidden defiance to the Englim monarch for a *hik s at iaa^jif/ 
by a treaty regularly conducted and executed, engage, on Jais fMfl/Jio 
become nil liege-man, and to pay him tribute ; on which tWi*io* 
It if expretoy iHpulated that he ft all enjoy his rights, lands, «W%' 
vereignoea, as fully as before the King of England ever appeareaVtoj , 
interfered- in Ireland. No contracts could be more explicitly -or w*r: 
ciicly afcertained. Accordingly, the EnglMh adventurer* sewers Mflfcj 
diftrifct by their own model; the native- chiefs, thraagh far th,e greater 
part of Ireland; aot independently of the Englilh goaarrHBe/it* ruafct) 
war and peace, enter into leagues and treaties amongft each sn; JsiflV 
punilb malefactors, and govern by their own ancient law* and- <«£ 
toms. It requires but U moderate attention to the records of tfcf* 
rimes, to know what degree of real power Heary. acquired in JrelaAfl 1 b 
and bat a moderate! in politics to- decide wh« right* kc anp^ML, 
either over the £ngli(h adventurers, or the nativo lnu\ by aiffrdft^ 
ral trjmfacticni with each ; whether we eooficicr-tbc ground* fl(i«h*ifl 
uivafion, or the nature and extent of their fubmiiEaos, or^ha^Majn. 
port of hit ftipulations.' . Iji stir?* * 1* rBft 

The remainder of the fifth chapter continues tha.haJtory of Ire- 
land to the death of Richard the firlni and the bach chapter earrMH 
it forward, through the reign of John, to in* firil year at #enry/ihii:. 
Third ; daring all which time we ftill meet with a perpetual |iHxef> . 
fton of petty -iacurfioaa, fierce oontcib, and bold exploit*.,' jotsj, m 
an expedition which he made iate Ireland, came attended with) mot 
learned in the laws of their country, by whole ccuxfet and aififtMCI 
a regular code and charter of Enghih laws wti, at the general dqure 
of 1ms liegemen of Ireland* ordeineo and appointed in ihat kingdom, 
and depoiited, for their direction, in the hxehequer of Dublin, for . 
the common benefit of all who acknowledged Jlegiarce to the 
jthe crown, and for the -onion of the Kin^'i Lands, a. his iabjafift-W 


\Aui#i Wfhfiif t*H0$ 


b«Mrtagrti!Cu*tr»Ml*!* otited oncVr the Urn* >+*A, *fh* • 
fVflri* ol polity. And for ihr regular ard erTe-ftoal MIC >' 

hettlftMrthmeniof fhr Kini:** e«ort» ef jtwrkats iu 
w*» bo* rnade * MM t:n;'1e J -.tie- 

K <•>£'* HtiUt ol Ireland into counties, *here Iherifc, arid othe p n: 
cert, were aajajcajaaed. >*-'* 

tbehrrt 7«*t of Hetiry the- Third, die i»rea* C harter of LiW- 
tiet, which tfer baron* had obtained from John nt Runingrtetlc, jnd 
which, with amendment, had been fokmnly renewed by Henry at 
bti Kxcfron, wii granted lO hfl febjefll in Ireland, with fiifw i i 
rMifMkt 0»1y »« thf loctl necvrTicies or* th«t kingdom required. It !ill 
rtfliaini ext*«t In iht Red Boofc of tX« Krcne^ocr ai Dublir. | and 
«■** attended by the following letter frum Kittg Henry : 
•* The King to all ArtMitihopj, fiilHops, Abbot*. Bath, Can. 
K*tg*r», »nd Free Tenants, and alt our faithful Subjeftt terled 
trirowebaw! trelin:*, — Gurtin*. 

•■ Wrn oar hearty commendation of your fidelity in t*i© Mnf, 
wbieb yed lure ever exhibited td o«r lord father, and to o; in iltefc 
<> exhibit, c»ur pfcafure is, that in t"fccn of thi? voar 
rftifiAoi and notable fcderity. tne liberties granted by f>tir father, aad 
by 12*. ftfow ffU9 and g*fc, to tur re^m of England, ftatl in oWf 
k ia t d o m of fre'exd, he enjoyed by you *f»d by your ncin for rrcr.' 
WVu li^rttet, Jtflinclry reduced to writing by the £crera! tot 
rtf allmtrlfe^efibjefti, we traofniit to you, felled with ! . 
lord J^mV, lr£*te »: r thr apo*n!»ea! fee. ?nd of rur trufly eir! Wil- 
I ,im Marilbal, o«u governor, and the genvtnor or .mi :*-• 

•re have rvo leal. Atid flic frn»c Outl n h of 

. ftaltcr<oin*>l. receive the ^.nature of oar crw» f: 
tSivfti •tCJIooeefleT :>.r 1' xtti day of Febn: 

•-nntinuet cut nhle and n iaft, • were rht 

. :i cfivilerjei o: the IriCh fctUeet completely afiertimeJ iu4 
eiiWlfccd. Tbcy »v*r<r tiot only to bo e;nverned by the ftme i 

11 effort, bvt w» complete Ihcir 
%r*rh eheir fHlow-fuhjects ii Kn<»lani, iliryare now inrluded 
eatr»r*ed rrftm the thrnnr, to circumfcribe the prc- 
**4 eotrerl the fevetttiet ^n^nally UtfOd«<c<J hy «l*e r^» 

ih«> 4ppe*t ia the fame honourable IrgKt with I 
fn the nei iclm, miking the fame rr^ui 

fmnlt * tiKft arc Mi (hit day rre:rr*l at imt 

It of Ki»gl' But if the resolution of thr Kfoli^h rtiar- 

tert p>e«eec^ Ir^rn en ariftocrttk fpiril, than the te*e of ftao 

-nil f<MCKrDwW.'r,c4, wat ftill mw« pre- 

whr*c the b*r0it», remoti ke upteme) 

voeled Hv adelejptej »«rhrrity too Often w**fc 

HfHWpeKrrrd. inveftw! v>t:!i en o t muta terrtt«He* and dnngeremi 

I'^rr* tempted by itietr r1renc»th, and enibkd by :n* 

flU c frfay d otn, to f>»rfiie the «V*ti« om4 

M#9iImmk reejard toyiillice, arrd funeti-nn without <veii rbe 

nf rrfpreVtognfrfnirv-nt. Ai the *une paffiun> 

at*, theyofeemfeoaaenee !i»ed u-ftS eaeh f*h<-r in a 

:H©, «v^» »»»d dtfTcMiOtl t nevd M their eb'nt *ma W 
*>t force 'ef-&fiaa. thcit Wt. etdlab, a; twll ai the i%wi«e 
6 *r*M 

A «A * ■ -&**"» 4H^#M k»*» v,rf: *«i 

Ofajons ■ Ifci fttlv-ref rtfcamrtsltt nuy ipprtindtUoywftklalx^tojoAiijBl 

too fatty- jadifted io tan prngvcft afiithiKfTifiofyau'AttdiWAijQbGbii 

ajfalcfe KL^<Liten5l^*oy»i*>t tnx she, foptcftjof tsWe^aaaaikaahnn sar 

aarhkh sir 'nation groaned for fo< Jong a period indbtfcjosriribhrtaaaai 

ratU in furl view > vahicfc jJrbVe that ahoy tunc i*igtW(iifWrxnJ 

'frnm the rices of individoah, notifrosa any rn^aUaa»lo<«a?^pefaBBn 

^ncipfc&inJUsgtim rovcrnment.* .<ni?r,tjn8 ■•MM ■. 

fh The feceod.bookoithis valuable work ■ divided, mete ifcaiifiiiipj 

into fix chapters, and carriea on the biftory to tho dcfoaxtianoaY 

Richard che Second. As it would .be impracticable;' in lliniasanaf 

'Irani is a Signed to a Review, to accompany our^Amhaafc rtogiisnaY 

through the feveral tranfn&iona of the fuccefiive chief govcraaBB^Mi 

the various broils and adventures of the chieftains, ■'hmhii nrf*aaa 

Britifb or Jriih race, we (ball content ourfelves f in this partnotTOa* 

performance, with pointing out to our Readers a few of thepraatst- 

ftances which nark oat the progref* of law, civilization, andraassi 

tied goiernnscnt in Ireland. This'progrofs was, indeed, forbotata- 

-fies, ^trf flow and imperfect. Daring the long reign erf 4i*nr^Jii» 

Third,. w« meet with little which excites our attention^ ip-thi rsjjsj 

are have mentioned. Ireland, in his time, was in the Try fc 

Predicate; and though the King endeavoured repcatodty 

tbe observance of the Eaglilh laws, it was with no grant eff a tfUb Jha 

bencit of theft laws was fued for by fome individuals of theiriaV 

race, bat was dented to that people in genera] ; the trawcaasatfxaf 

which cxcla&en U well explained by Dr. Iceland i > nv*b »ww 

'• * Extravagant and abfurd as we may deem this general exi^a&osrjsf 

' the natives from the protection of the EagK&i saws, vrt ir«itaiamadiaBV 

from the want of equity, nor of discernment in thefengliOr ii i wa a u afca, 

The neceffities and preffing emergencies of the reign of Heaaryzaac 

Second prevented the redaction of tbe island, and produced a<xatntf 

whereby the Irifh were left in pofleffion of their ancient jariidiAioa- 

Whatever may have been the representations of political and faaaaiaia- 

cal writers, it is too evident that at that time they neither rtjnaswi 

nor accepted the Englifh laws. They neither knew the fn pe pna a si- 

vantages of another conltitutioo, nor traced their diftreJct to. sw*«- 

regolaritics and imperfections of their own ; which had bocn joanon- 

a*d by the ufage of ages, by the fabulous or exaggerated rra 4 rri aaa i cf 

their famous kings and lawgivers, was iiiex u-icablyinierwovs^wid 

their manners, and with theie, had taken too deep jmcr 1 ex^nJrvtsnbt 

to be at once removed by the grcaieft violence * and aiolcaosgthrj 

neither originallycxerted, nor intended, for this purpolc^ ^Kaasr, 

indeed, and a continued interconrfc with the new fatten^ tnagkt 

feme among them to sacrifice their national prejodicea sfcsa ftabissV 

tereft and Security; pointed out the fuperior ad vane; 

- ftngliw neighbour)) and drove them to seek Hidttr from 

Within the pale of EngliuS law: and the readiness of 

Third in receiving them, directs us plainly. to the traaanpzt^otnA 

'far a long time fatally oppofed the gradual coalition of -ihainjfc 

' 'Mad Englilh race, under one form of government. T)iengrm£sn£- 

" lift* fcttlcrs found it more for their immediate inqtnnV Sum aJmw 

-'finite ihould be left to their opprefliooi j that many « tssoae whofc 


Leland'i Kfiwj tf Inland. 



COertrA fft'eeli! ~ne cnn^dered at altem : :hr, they ftV 
be a»rm*ir«i tar their* pettr «Rn 07 a-bitrar* cxaefrtoei ; an.' 
we-iae* ani. rotifa-rrcs be fro4 iroca the Urvort c4 a rtfdry- UMM»- 
tiii atvi-kvrrt tribe gal. Thef hid <fce opportunity of truant* iocfc 
j^nafiiiCMiiMli aa they p&raicd. Co cl EiglaaW, and ftfcii 

•neftpdbni afthff reaper ami cifpoti:ic*< of the Inwi.u mi^ht fervc 
their cVn cnnrpowi roort «frtclj*lry. Thox Jew wHr> I". : .ay 

te» xfec tfctone m forth or (Toceelion, ww received with ftoineicelt 
grace. Bu: io dime 3 of geceral tuibufcnco and iham hoc 

JMyiikiay that the royal grace fhould nut always provr erf©3a*L 
Forwraw [KM Mi tr->p. II ofppfvtaVin we* 

yeeaLaar to the baroot Jetted in Ireland Tie) but ihared ia cite 
wace* erf the time?, and toilovred the perritioat example of their 
tut.Urai ib Hn7.U<:L who defpifci and mfcilicd the araktirf) of the 
tVruoe, oppofen the execution of the Lwi. and .'.ijr tee QuWtc eoe- 
tenrionrmd liifordr:* He^cnerared fliatfutlly incr>-« band .of jht.c i- 
■ KO B J pigiideTffT, ravaging each otner, ami te*~astucu>g over Uieir 
laforior-s, >a all die mcaaatfl of d< Jon< 

la :-.t reiptof £d*4ai the Fir.t. Ikofc > by ^ii±xj jtifjofi 

add a enrftaei intcrcnurfc wiih ilitr Kn^Itih, who fay coocirtaaa to 
eaa*etfwTit>M»neU, crwhxo^aruleroentii: -.*gt 

-a»We6te t fciuwi perpetual oceaatoni, from the diAretf:! they HtaVrcrf, 
■M warn ■— ' the aap-Kxd dila^van:.- v<i Ot tkot« oli nau.e irMK*6o«»eo 
wftkfc they were aha a dewed, a^j which n heir irrea aad pftw- 

pninrKHc prccariout lhae thole of chei* hugltih r«*gt;boeraj fefci 
* ao pt owalcr the inj olhce of their eoemier, at the fame tame tha? tnry 
were deprived of the neeefary dflmce. A.l hope* #t cx'ccuaUi*;; 
»W Eatjli til were l<;-i s ' Unoe rcJifined. The oaly r 

faed, waa thatof ac.iui.iuj: tie lijhc; aaJ »-ii:^cj sojoyeJ 
a»i thaie with avhura thejr were t\ .<<•&, sod to ch*a$e the 

\#atraa < Tin*-i> *nd : Ttjhfcd. I ' i ty 

■fceerf Englilh fobjeelt. An ipplicaboawe* »indy t^Qt 
:haef Gorerwor, .-xd e.^ht rhoufand outs'.} coTeud ti>t*c 
■ad«d he womio gnnt lac frci tot of the UvMf 

:u the whole hoiijr of the Irith i»hab::aoti. A p?i"6on, 
■■people tortured by the p.\irj i. :n 

acMit fco jut and rcalbnab!*, aoC ir. it* co*lt. 
-Aetee^ ^co«ha not hue be «*c!l tec 
f acmw aAcea of policy Mid governs. 
ia»crine, a friend to jaiicc, 

WrrwrJ hy l>: I bffge, a r -> :• jx tfte aij|h*2 

«kjjtee. Uut the wtluoao ami reititu^e*'! the; were i.<taj!v emu 
•■■aPed. actdhy iac«'e*'hoJDOuldbitc raa fo 
lil^aTaaceikrr, which woald hxvc prcvxnrcd 

ABMiaahch waa chvie Jiy eakvlated fvr the paoficalivp taxi 

:irco«ntr>. Ere/y f.hrcifjje w*» •rnplojvd, »*d 
tlw.prrrmt lt> fciecrfi. \*\ « 

KA*ig*in irtt :ied !wo vcantftfe, aotv«iifatfaAd'u)(s Ud«f«ctf'i 
our* t**ttie i: rooicn*o:J tj L»i u*'-*era- 

' ItcUti. . , 

ohiijed to luetoe p;rttv!if ctu'.c.-- of dtcixw i?«> vtit ■"* 


Js? Uhrff Hi/hr? 9 fhtkU. 

m grafttcai* fiiTcnl, ptnkulvIfM.ihcfiriawwftiifaMi^atiltf 

£nj;lUh. The roDjtclcc3ual attempt to reform, taa^'wmcM^ftaaPaT 
Jrjfo affairs ia thbvrcigtt w*3 -made by Sir Jo*a sVogaa, ( ■M a fa l to 
Ihc government ia the year 1x95. With* temper and-stifi * sjattuaw 

i»o*» to icvcral of his predeccffixi, he applied hapifcfcff itf uJMJi 

place, to cmnpofe the diflentkms of the great Loci*; 1 i^ bsiiis) IftBJuaf 
and ooiKikecieg -method; and, at ( a farliameat wlueirwarftuMNati 
more regularly than fuch aflerabliea had Jutherta beos QfloaW a aaaW 
Ireland* he procured a number of ordinances to be yafh^wiiua 
were devifed with lingular equity aad propriety. Bat thcyimaHu* 
save complete and I ailing influence upon a people crumbl*4-irj«0ta 
Bumber of detached bodies, separate iatereos, and rival Ja&ioai sniff 
by Boblesimpatientoffubordination, aad habituated to tfae-vi 

and outrage* of war. Yet, on their fcrft criaoliuunent, the/do** 
ifxai to have been entirely deflitute of effect Xfeey ferod^-pjsw 
fomc check to the difurder* of the realm, though not tomiainawa* 

iuWuc tbem. ■ -'•■:•:-*>■ 

The chief ctrcumiUnce by which the Irifh hiftory 11 difimgqnU 
during *he reign of Edward the Second, it the Scottifli ia#aduB* 
uo4ef the conduct of Edward Bruce; who a/Turned the fly** aJKh*ttia» 
TAtyof Kingofircla&d, and* a* (lain, after jpurfuing the tnldacbaaet 
of hi* ambition for almou three years. The fetal cooiaqKn^iJIai 
thia expedition, and the lawlcfs Hate into which the kjagduaiwai 
reduced by it, arc painted by our Author in the ftrongeft aoc^aaM 
lively colours, , -■•■': «rnuas 

The diforders of Ireland rather increased than dimiwfhediia.aati 
beginning of Edward the Third's reign, and the King arath 4b Attfl 
voked by then, that he ifloed fome rigorous edicts, by on* of what* 
all oflriih birth were difqualified from holding offices. Has caactusr 
in this refpeft was intempe*rate and impolitic. It only Icrv&i-ao c> 
«tc a general ditfatisfaclion. However, upon a fpirited rsmwaftraaW 
and petition from his fubiefts of Ireland, Edward thought pratpe*ju* 
remit of his fevcrity, and to give them gracious aad 1 inilnlaiaiia^ 
anfwers. ».* 2"3* 

. During the adminifiration of Lionel Duke of Glareooe, a fWhW 
meat was fummoncd to meet at Kilkenny, and proved a more lalusjfti 
able and numerous aiTembly than had hitherto been convened ist 
Ireland. Both eftates fat together: and the refultof tbeir dcfihenq 
tions was that ordinance, known in Ireland by the napiei rf.taV 
bujurt op Kilkenny. The account of this Statute, wj^foW 
of Dr. Lcland's reflections upon it, we ihall lay before oai fteatk**^, 
• The preamble of this ltatnte recites, with a decjfion obt wadnrf 
colour, but yet too general and indiitriminate, that the fiBftttaajl 
the realm of Ireland, before the arrival of the Date -of CUrtr***; 
were become mere IriOi in their language, Biinni ■ppliatlunmj<Bt 
manner of living ; had rejected the hngliih laws, and 1i*knimd$& 
thoicoi thcirilh, with whom they had united by mamag&^e*w»ifl 
tp the ruin of the general weal.— It was therefore e4sa^d^ramstaMP* 
xiage, nurture of infants, and goffipred with the iriu T JboBtetag 
cosUidcred and punilhed as hign<trcaibn«-*- Again, ii**jt qw^ 
Ksjgfiih raxe.4*aJl ufc an Iriih name, the. iriih bngauige* «^DB«4aauV 
apparel, ©r any mode or cuflom of theiriibi the att provide* t>a«V 

,.* a." ** 

UmdV 1 TrjArt hfbtkmk j„ 

iMtr-rmtnu, uatil he hot* pr« fct^i: 

{I OHitcim ift over .' pi/ticu-u oo live fcrjrlnh 
1'toul*^, that he aWlMw ircpriibaed uatil 
•tcssity m ^irru... 1 Se II return U* ms p.-oonarxrd. (and 
i f(/BKi«oi ta.:om aod inropaooa larci)« introduced 
ta»f>tb.iabic<*». it wjj ilierrtore ordained that in ill their 
icaUicy (liujiil be x , '- ft * 1 K * "> :i»c comancn Jiw of F-0£* 
that wiiacrt! f'i m abmk u list I.-iih jorltiSAiM, uw 

liky of ingi-trniiM — A» the had breu 

PMke tt-if sad pe«» evil i Lie bcr&ring enemy it 

>f*re, ckey wmvo* cxprcfily pfooibtted |>©m Icrvinjt **•# 

Iran* without Iptcial wuran: from the lU c— k was alio 

teal to the Esgliiji. tu pcrnuc their l/iia neighbour* 

laudi, to prefect trera to ccclraatseal beortice*. or » 

ito>monaiteri«i or religions hot let; to entertain their 

rvcrtrd their ima*.injriom by focuntc Urtl j or their 1 

■ . who Tcduccd theni by Ulfc report*.— 1 1 iva_s.ffiade U\m*f 

orceds any forces upap :*c En*l:rtifubf*<i xjMlail 

the total libcrcie* stid franchifes B-^re become l<n£fu*> 

tore, oxproU power «l girt* 10 ir* kang'a fluriffa •» 

It &j»cKifci. aod there to Aprrtcxad ifefon» o ( 

the great lorJ », waratbey WrcJ force* /or cbc patoie 

•jtri rwrii.ility, and Laid u-icaiu) burden*, upon the 

-. ordained, lait four ayflffieSfl of the pence ia **«**> 

lid adjudge i* hi.? *en and ar.roui erety lord or teeiinr 

iile The dunce waa proaiulged arith parikvlar fn(eut- 

■ a&c apirirmi fcxdi, the better to rocbrce obftiirnry, «ie» 

tBCXCOiaanutiicatioat en tln>.c who &iould ptdame :o violate 

wort their I: irutioai of tfcrii affrmHy, canted in Ireland 
rtaee, coaftrocd tnd tcoeox.! xiroeH u of r 

Jajtaeote. The Nttcaibn of CHrcace and fcb oooaftllort 
^eifiu e d to the til ike Kin*;'* HnyJi^h reo* 
Trctasd. Among thtlc\ aad taVirordr, the Brefcon la* w*i 
uroM caiFr u> or ut«i mri. Thry cr .d iher ewia 
iika to fubmit tc iti doc&oai. And he « Jro aHerci th« 
wm d it.rmil abcliiKHi erf Uic firtfaon jurifeufi'xin !■ ervr^ 
"aeid. luould coMidrr *aa: wtN ihc prefent rircmafcsaro 
aicca, jad wluz rbe objott toil Inpentioa of the fluuteof 
•ran Bftthotir* CtarftKC .larmod, whar 

, w pee th.i <d»ft »o<b exicoi-tfe f*t<e aud 
iliaaaetu wat no: fo &brord as to dilate laws trt 
irrn and sortbero Iriihy rbe dcc-zrcxl eteq itel of their i»* 
nt adrrt o/ (heir bmh. Not had ifcey *y.iy 
li pciaer to eedravour to ro«i out the nil cvftoaaa or* iWr 
>.4iabi*»ittudto lac kn^Jifc j>over»aiet:t, and in ibeir .ooatto 
ifc lxlatary inlkucaoni by tfhicb they them/ehen IraVeMri 
ud .K-lradai. P.icealivc view*. libtraJ i-riimrnti. tfirq a 
.aval tot public Lappcneii, mu:l have pron»j-:i*d them to fbas* 
fot coocUiaaisr the olfaction t, x» woil n luWaiTtf ihcpeT*- 
poflMoeai vi the Irilh ; ciUl haw Ud them co dmiM)Ar«r 
y arcrc Cac protodon Aid bciief«£lon» net tie arbi&rarf 

35* Lcland'j Hijlory of Ireland, 

mafters of thole Info natives whom they held in fubjeclioo ; and w 
convince the moft obftinate inforgents, that an honourable fihsntf 
ftdn to the King of England w,u the only avtar of n-fci 
from theaMJcrki of their owa petty factions and tyraani— } 
exchange of the rudenefs, the d Harden, and ^i***^ of ptni 
for the peace, the dignity, and the valuable advantage! of 
civil life, 

* But pride and felf incereft concurred in regarding and 
fag the irifh as a rate utterly irreclaimable. The defpnmri. 
ante of the opprefled, or the violence! of national : vanity r- ^ 
readily mifcken for the outrages of a natural cruelty and hatha* 
The taflt of reclaiming thofe natives might indeed have proved "ftfc 
ficul t : and what is not to- be projected but by an exaJrtd ymimm* 
executed out by vigour, abilitiei, prudence, and patience, a- ce*i 
traded mind and indolent fpirit readily believe to he igpOnaMa, am 
the crafty fuggeftions of thofe who are intcrefied, or think A gaaHB 
intertfled, to defeat the glorious defi/n . The reign of a renown** 
monarch in England, and the presence of his Ton in Ireland, hw 
huiband of a lady of Irifh birth, and of an ilraftrioua family, at 
heiirfs of valt pofleflions, were circumftances highly favourable m% 

S trees conciliating fcbeaic, whofe apparent equity might watnp» 
addition of military vigour again ft the moft defperatc aad.a&jm* 
doacd. The opportunity waa now loft} nor was it recovered iae 

• Yetftill the folemnity with which thefe laws were made and a 
mnlged, the fevere penalties by which they were enforced, to* 
fence of the royal governor, his landable attention to pref 

(line, and to prevent grievances within the fphere of his 
ad no inconfiderable effect. Theold Englilh were rcftraiawd, 
fome degree reformed ; and the confluences appeared in the 
of the revenue, and the fufpenfion of thofe petty hoftilitiea wanek-ah* 
Englilh lords had nfnally maintained againlt each other. Battl 
inftitotions eonld have no permanent effect, without an i " 
tion refpectable by its ftrength, and conduded with that 
ceflary to ftrike a lading awe into the proud and turbulent*' 

Edward the Third took one extraordinary Aep with regard to 
land, which was the fummoning of reprejentatives from that " " 
to attend him at Weftminfler. 1 hi 3 requifitioa the bilhopa, 
and boroughs complied with ; declaring, at the fame time, 
were not bound to obey the King's writ, and referring to 
the power of yielding or agreeing to any fubiidies. 

Richard the Second made two expeditions into Ireland. in hi* 
perfon ; the firft of which feemed to promil'e great effect*, rrijaai|a>i 
the critical period Tor puuing an end to the diforders ^H diftreftMfe 
the Irifh nation. But thefe Haltering pwfpe&s were foon dcftroja^SV 
the weaknefj and vanity of the King's conduct. ,i- ' 

[7a bt wtimted.] . ' ^jjj 

C us 3 



now to give a : aim* 

eew 5: t r ai we b*ve a;r<-*;iv obie. vec\ 

• fctl wit i icr fetoad **-■. <,c. &K*n.a/tcf 

I returned in h*r with Comrnodjre Eyr n t'r-rn her firft 
ewp-dm^n, 'How judicious !!•_•■,:- ilv; ipf • offi- 

cer, on f'.-cli an cxprilitl-in, w»U *pe>far en iv, to i 
aF, Alt el 

. certainty carry Or iking uw! aiod 

?vatao|e improvidence, nifnuf^jenie i 
n-feo Jcfliood anJ equipped her Tor that fc: i 
lo*ittr psrrativd of her i 

w»g» no: ho n of her goograptn- 

fe* and difficulties he* * 
ing (o keep their bead.* above v. . 
gh Ihe wis under the command of an officer, 

>f hu cotnoilfion fuffioeiitlr atacatt . 

iflQ£*l,ttm i." 
Dphical enterprise a.i obliged, even from h 
Co guc way to rrvitc important tojihdcraCaon* thtd.tac- 
ai ntvf coatinenu * — ihofe ot preferving h 
foundering, anil iYikh fami] . 

rei't inttod-jction to hii jcacna] it *p 
was an old fhiru that had been in I Ik fcrelce 
. no means fit for a lont, towage, 
>nly * flight thin ihcathirr. upen her bottom, v. 

; he want of a coveting 

WOuM mora <g sexually Veep out toe worm. She bad be- 

ooi# - 'pi'-y o^ r.vntnon necefft tea > whilr die 

jich fiic wa* to accompany, with 

ilid wa> lucnifljed writh every thing tint w-o rcquil 

(trout navl^uron. /■ 

I be iotr 

i»i . «.; .. ;r:| i i .; ;> i . .v. i •- : I I ,.it .1^ i..i;..t }0 

be >»• . fbroe iron, 

i*l other i knew, by experience, 

J be of the utoioll i; caijed tba; be 

M ce^k* another v nd the world : bw- -cr 

. lit was told tin 

tie fervJcc (he was to perform; >f 

rrquthrtfj were aHoavtc h;iw. Aeccrdii»c;iy, without, 

t. r;;?. A a a#i 

35*5 Kawkeiworth'j Account of the Vojagtt 

art article eflentially necetfary in every voyage ; — without a Forge, 
otTiron^ther wane of which we Sod. him r«peii*d]y a^nWtfiijW 
regretting ^—U^th-otfC »«&, or loolsihg-glaflesy of* behde^ l©*ir ' 
other wares neceffwy to' the eftaolifhiug 1 friendly MeNM 
wstri hidians 1 ; — and in a vetfei that, even jn moderate tocaftfttft 1 
and in frrfeoth water, would fcarce ever tack witbocft tie help 
of a boat* to tow her round, — he fee fail, in coropan^ tvltt'eW 
Dolphin) from Plymouth Sound, on the 22dof Atlgfcft I^6W 
1 On their arrival at Madeira, Capt. C. reprefenwl Srw-wW 
t/jonktoCapt;Wa1iis, who fent him five hundred 1 ***%**<;' 
but this quantity war fo inadequate to his wanes, that srefooo 
afterwards find him, even thus early in the voyage, reduced to 
the neceflity of cutting off fome of his cables, to five -hi* rig- 1 
ging. So deftitute were they even of the moft common, bat 
nectiTary and important, articles, that before they had beesV 
four months in the South Sea, they were in want of log-littesY 
though they had already converted all their fifhing-linos W IMF 
purpofe. Happily a piece of uti tar red rope wis foond, wbic*fc d 
is their fituation, was confidered as an ineftimable treafesV 
The difficulties they met with in difcovering and pwQ tfl W ttSl s V 
art of reducing this rope to its original ftate of hempi ^ 
combing it, without a comb ; of procuring a fuceedatmnrj&f 1 
a comb, without a forge; and of fpinning their fMlfccfeBMiV 
materials into yarn, were at length happily conquered, 'ttAaW 
the aufpices of that great inftru&refs, Nsaffity. It *pp^M*# 
if the Journalift had not had the forefight or pn^auttotrJto'tlaiy 
the whole quantity of icwing fail twine, that bad be*r* pwt sst 1 
board to repair the feine, into bis own cuftody, their dttloknt*/' 
in this fingk article might have proved fatal to them att. !| * lj *|' 

An incident that happened while the Swallow lay utrtMii 1 
place is fo very chara&eriftic of the unthinking joHity-ofthes V 
honeft fellows, the true EngUfe tars, that we cannot -plfo& 
over without relating it nearly at fuH length. The CaptaraV 
conduct too, on the occafion, Wat highly comrnen da +Ji lf aW* 
proper, and wc accordingly hold it up to the imitation of ^o* 1 
naval commander* ; fome of whom are not very remarkafrteititf 
the temperate exercife of the eztenfive authority they ire 4a*S 
w(h& wi.h. ■ » i'iW 

• Early one morning the Captain w as informed tba*> Mi tblf 
preceding night, nine of his beft men bad ftrspt llHaMfltWaf" 
naked, and had fecretly fwam off for the fhort, taVmg ^r«f r 
them only 1 their money, Which they had fecorcd i» a nlaliiMMt 1 ^ 
chief tied round their waifts • that one of them, tmhW^aVftlt 11 
found of thefurf, which breaks high upon thefeorei 'lUsVtjtpl 
turned ;"but that the reft bad ventured through. '•' *W 

"As the lofs of thefe men, fays the Captain, .wduld^baW 
bem very feverely felt, I immediately fat down to -write -WhAter' 

s i ••'* 

ft r vo img Difimriti i* ihi Stntbtfl 



tpll.cCv.iUl. or his affiflanoe to rccmcttbtra; but> 

bad northed it, he fcnt me word, that all of them hav- 
«*» <o *fec great aflon 1 foment of the* narivea, been fo»oi 
i <* the U*c*, t>w had Heen tak i. inioeottodf, ami 
wouii bt deaatvtcd tip rv my order. Tbc hail nvaj difpatcocd 
i-wiiedh-ieJy, 11W aa loon as 1 heard they wore on boiid, 1 went 
deck. 1 wa» fcreatiy pdeafed to fee ■ contn? on i.i 
courtcajuoe^ whir'i at once iccretly derruninnj nur net 
the puoiflnnrtu by which they fetr&ed molt heartily 
w*iloig iv expiate tttctr tatiit ; but 1 1 Twcd Uicm whit coald ha 
Jiu! awed them to quit the Oiip, anc Jrtcrr the fervict of their coun- 
try, at the rifk of being devoured by flioikj, or diihed to piecca 
by the fori" againft the Chore. They anfurctcd, that though. 
they tud indeed at fueh riiki ventured to fwim on fhorc, tbey 
never had any intention of deferilng the flvp, which they were 
determined to fund by i» long aa the could I'wlm; but that 
bcinjj well ntfured thej were gninj a long voyage, and none 
baing able to tell who might Jive, or who might die, they 
thought it bard not to have an opportunity of fpendirtg theia 
own money, and therefore determined, at they (aid, once mote* 
to £et a flcinful of liquor* and then fwun back to tlie Cap* 
which they hoped to have done before they were nihTcd. A* I 
had rt/ulvcd to remit their puniftamenr, I did not too fevcrely 
faiufiftrz* their apology, which the reft of the Ihip't company*. 
who f i-aod round tocm, fccroed very much to approve i but, ob- 
fcf»ingtb>t with a ikinful of liquor they would have been in a 
vc, edition to fvtim through the fml to the ihip* I 

I them ii»at hoping they would fur the future expt>fc their 
live* only upon more important occadion*, and that thetf <ob- 
liajS would ther.tefurward j-.ivc mc no- oaufc i/f complaint, I 
I ii for this lime be fati&ned with the fharae and regret which 
perceived they miTcred from a icnfc of thctc iniib-.b-ivioor. 1 
ajtfmcnifhcil them to put on their clothe*, and lie down, t*i 
«**» rcntiJcru they wanted reft , and added, that u I roi£ht 
ibrf« during the courfe of the voyage* ba»c occarwii for 
men, J wm very glad that I ki.e-w to whom I fright 
ipply. Having thus dtfmiflcd thefc honcft fc\u *o from their 
i, I wi«»- inlinitel • |rta**n>d by :he murmur ot (..rl^faflio*) 
laittly ran tiuougb the fliip'a company \ and wai af* 
-.tarded tor my lenil being oo fen 

aU ibc Coil* and dangci* of the voyage whtch th : ■ 
I'-xm, witi* a 'r/al and aiacrWf thnt wrre mutii to ibcir 
/nj mr advtrttj^c. as in example to the fdL* 
Wi relied in ».c flory of tl icfl fellow.. 

wH<. nc danger J of tHo Jurf, and the 0i«'«. adrted 

ofdeteAiofl and adozen tafteaat th« g*0g-f Af^ 
f vr the fake of one good fltinfai cf liquor, aad tctun? hi 

A a 2 

358 HawkefworthTr Account oftht' 

"'pf their cad, that .we cannot leave tbepi withQUt fpittik a 
^ubrequent incident in which three of * 
* try the ftrength of their co 

fubrequeht incident In which three of t^iis ( vcry,^arty nadr^ll try the ftrength of their conflitutioiib, and tcVexer- 
'cifc their fwimming talents for the prefervAiioq of their fives. 

"They were accidentally left op /horc, ftark naked, on the Jcfo- 
late liiand of Mafafuero, where the boat, from which they bed 
fwam, was forced to leave them, in a moft dreadful and ttyn- 
', t peftuous night, which they were obliged to pafj there, by the 
'lea- fide, without any defence againfl the rain or col J, both of 
which they foon felt very fevercly, except the following very 
Angular fuccedaneum for fhelter and apparel, which ncccffiiv 
at length fuggefted to them. Thefc comforts ihey endeavoured 
' to procure themfelves by lying one upon another, each nuo al- 
ternately placing himfelf between the other two. In this for- 
lorn fituation, during a long night, they had full time, we may 
fuppofe, to ruminate on their former fwimming adventure, ' W 
completely to expiate all that was criminal in it. The ftiip bad 
been driven out to fca ; but fome of their fhipmates wereety*" 
blifhed at a watering-place at a confiderable d. nftjfoe 
coaft. All accefs to them, however, through the inland Colin- 
try, was impracticable. As foon as the' dawn appeared!^* 
three naked adventurers fet of? along the coaft 9 but were con- 
tinually interrupted in their progrefs by high fteep bluff DoWa, 
which they were obliged to fwim round, at a conf)derabTt"rfif- 
tance ; for, if they had not taken a compafc, they wodlti 1uj« 
"been daflicd to pieces againft the rocks by the furf f wftitt'ei 
the other hand they were every moment in danger of being de- 
voured by the ftarks. They at length, however, torpid with 
cold, and perifhing with hunger, rejoined their companions^mo 
immediately fliared with them fuch clothes and provifioni'uttr) 
bad, and were next day received into the {hip, on her r^tlrra, 
where they appeared to be as hearty as if nothing cxtraOrduurr 
had happened to them ; nor did they fuffcr any farthering- 
'yenience from the accident. '** 

We have already mentioned the perils and difficulties attend- 
ing the Dolphin's paiTage through the ftraight of Magellan. « 
thefc difhcflcs the Swallow had more than an equal thile. 
When they had puffed about two months in the ftraight, Capt. 
Carteret reprefcnied the unf.tncfs of his vciTel for the fiftVke 
which flie was employed upon, to Capt. Wallis ; who ;cfi : d'iiot 
however think himfelf at liberty to alter her dcftinattonV'Yfcy 
continued therefore to navigate the iirai^ht together near, two 
months longer, during which time Opt. Carteret, apprcheiijiv« 
that the bad failing of the Swallo-.v would fo much retard tfie 
Dolphin, as probably to make her lofc the fcafon for gcttfrigifito 
high fouthcrn latitudes, and defeat the intention of t He "raS*» 
Jwonofcd to Capt. WalEs to lay her up in fome cove or ba^, and 


f*r mating Diftrvtrfoi k tbt Surf*™ J 

!:im watli her :»uj!i rill j*i 
•. he would retur i 

■ Way 
. | :. : . 

> the 
..frried 10 go Mi board ( 
m give up his own 10 he con 

►|'e duty he would perform during I 
— 01 Anitl), licueTeied Co make the !m« 

U.c Dolphin, if Cap:. W. would tike the Swallow bajefc 
•-:c; was ftil! ol oj nton thai 
fecutrd by the two Oilp« jointly, pur fu ant to 
I b»J been given. 

n of the two (kips, not i •■ mouth of the 

■'.a alread) related : — an accident more pet 
! ilic Swillnw, if, '.-, 
i ro part of their ftiurc o- the voolien cloth, 

ware, *i.J to/*, hxJ becj] put on boar.i 
the D»Jpni:i lor the ufc of both, the fhips. in tl 

ct been delivered to them, though ... t. 
together nine nwnt 

ig their companion again in the 
, a», by a leeond rwa^c 

■' OUJ app i 

. as lud before tx-c 


of lefuuno, thr Swal- 
it Pacific Ocean, in .i very unfit coin 
prccciJ in the fcaicb of unknown coumn. . 

water arid reiYefttmentt 
*ic ventured to fail to the Well ward. Hav- 
h <i<- cleared w ih 
Mgei .. A April, i I 

I UK !>**,' i -r (Milage on: 

. ire, with »0 Mitel ti >n to make the illand 
i ipc^atiwi of foon getting into 4 
region, li thefe rtop« however he wjj fori 
. >nt. 1 » tl c fl foi three weeks expoftd 

«»m*U<- r ; [tended with rain snd 

pupri I melted ice, and with Inch lightning 

■••** mote dreadful thin all the pif). D 
| tbt with fttch *iol<nce, tlut 

i nanosd u. *w #requei»tl_, 

r, fo tnat they were tifien under a i 
>4* biv ! by the Kurd, a. 

m* their rjtkler dtaint w4\% 


A* j 


3faf ^.-Jift((!kf^ « n. 

ttfokertftoattwW^IWcfw^.of.cbe chain? pUtca Jto, the A3 
fopti fhow A ^ awl pdj*r- daj»ggei fuijained wfoiAiConM^! 
paio*kiitilhP»trt#OPritfi*i-a forge, , ■, , , |y: 

The 8th of May was the firfl fair day they.had pujo^d^ 
tkejUe^rV /Iftciftlu.of., Magellan ; and on the 10th jjiegj 
the fcQau«&of JuamFcrnandez - but oa opening CumhedfBjjB 
the)rtiife(MW»^t«lh«ir great furprize and disappointment, j_ 
the Spaniard »were fettled there in coniiderable numbers., a^I 
had buHt a lit tit town, and eiecled a fortification, aiid&rracjp, 
for a gaixifon. They were- obliged therefore to direel ffyai 
courfe to the neighbouring iQand of Mafafucro, which',, happily 
for them, (till remained unoccupied, and where, though with 
much ditakulty and danger, they procured fome refiefuaiej»tf| 
of which they flood in the moft prelTing need ; but which wcrt 
obtained through an almoft uninterrupted ferics of danger. ; fa» 
tigue,. and misfortunes, caufed by the bad working and failing 
ef the {hip, the dark and tempeftuwus weather, and hjC ^ 
dreadful Turf which ahnoft intirely furrounda and breaks qp^fj 
theihoK. .•-'«» 

. Leaving this turbulent climate, where however our. jAMMf 
lift obferves that be experienced very different weatbsr, aboi^ 
two years before, with Commodore Byron, and having, hecj 
driven to the Northward farther than he intended, being .near 
the parallel of latitude which haa been afligned to twt\ »"•,«£ 
called St. Amlrofc, and St, Fg'.ix or St. Paul* he thougbj tl M 
ihoulu prrfoim an acceptable fervice by examining whethcr^tw 
might nut be found convenient for Great Britain, efpcciaU^fl 
the Spaniards had fortified Juan Fernandez, if we fljpuJd hcrcj- 
after be engaged in a Spanifh war. fie milled them hp.wtitefr 
and attributes that circumfhnce to his trulling to the tabkscj 
longitudes and latitudes *tven in Robcnlon's Elements of tfjHf 
gation, in preference to Ocvn's charts. He is of opinion £h# 
* thefetwo iflands are the land that Davis fell in with* i^p hia 
way to the Southward from the G-iiUpago iflands, ami thai tat 
land laid down in all the fea chart* under the naijie of J)ams 
Land haa no extiknee;' — adding afterwards, that if ihe/c J» 
any fuch place as Davit's Land, in the Ration which. ha* bejp 
allotted to it in our fea charts, he ■ mutt have failed pyef^t^gr 
at.leaft have feen it.' ' ,',. j.. : , j 

. This fruitlcfs fearch Capt. C. continued till the roi^JJe ijof 
June, when, though th«y were near, the tropic, thj*. weaxhji ' 
was coW and hazey. At night the d.irknefs was dread/u"lV f aaJ 
in the day- time the fky was io. thick that they patted many /fijf 
withJlit being able to fee the fun ; which was rret only a^flf- 
agreeable out a moil dangerous circurnflance : for tj&OJin fhjjf 
could fcidom have the iaiisfaclion of making an obfe^vaqoa, 
vet, as their fbip was io flow.a.fkUerj and they ^d ^xe/tjup 

profrcQ of "a very Icmg voya*e, they were obliged to carry all 
the rail thev eoufd fprcad,*even in the n»f*ht, to prevent their 
£hiiig bv famine, which, with all its concomitant horroti, 
ty^red to be otberwife inevitable. 

Socn were the dtflretfin, and the app-ehcnfion$, with whiofi 

< |r l act left arfvennirrr? in the Stoetttrv were ftrngcltng, wlxifc 

tote) companions in the Dtipbim were, at 

very janclure, lonurrojfly rr£al ; ng on barbecued ho^s, or 

txch*ogn% naiii for kifle*, with the pretty damfeli of '■■■ 

—while queens and the r maidi or" hontur weve gently chafinj 

limb*, ind t thnr temples with well fahci 

gailandi ! 

After paffing by a few • (line's, where they could not land or 
obtain rcfrei*hr»cn:% they found tfeemfclres, on the aid of July, 
ia the latitude of 1 8* &. aarHonairode l6r*VV, or about iS< 

■ue» to the Welt ward of the cooft o! Arociica. 'I ntcughout 
tVa »h*t!r track ihey had met with no indkationa of i cdnfa* 
nene Gape. Carteret now found it a matter of nc- 

ccftty to attend to a flill more important and urgent conilJcr*- 
t»o than that of difcoverirg the fuppofed jtor* Avjh 
waaoohged therefore to n* upon trwt i couric which 

was muff likely to preserve bis vetTel and crew. He jccordinijrly 
bore sway to the Northward, that he might pet .nto th; 
Wind, and arrive at Ihme ifland where re frrlri merits mighr be 
procured \ intending then, ir the Oiip could be put into a wro- 
te it, to hate purYucd ihe royigt to the Southwjii , m 
fearch of a continent; where, if he fueeectied and could pro. 
PBra fufScient fupply of prowftorM, he prv < ung 
the new-driecvered coift to the Sou ill the f«n IimI 
crofied the equinoctial, and then to proceed heme*. 
gofeitf Wei 1 r>out hy the Cape or Good Hope, or sc 
fey Cape Horn. 

In purfuancr i>f -Hii i ■' n, they pmcrHrd Northward and 
WcKward, and at length, while their iaiu'on was eccomuig 
t;uuc d'fttclrtul ^nd alarming oil the i im of Auguft, 
in about n» S. latitude, and 165 fcatt lor^it .dc p at break of 
day, they discovered land.—' I"be fudden *rat (port of hope and 
)oyvhieti »hii infplred, faya oar Journal ift, cjn c-ohi 

Surfed only by that which a criminal fecb who hc^» • the cry 
a reprieve at the p'aee of execution.* Tl I* IfOd proved to 
be a clutter «t tflandaof which they counted feven, and to which 
they (rave the name of Quttn CrW-'anVi IJUa&x. Their joy 
howe/-rwaj or very inert duration. 

On turning to an anchor otTotic of . da, the Mafic* 

was fcnt to difcover a proper watering- pi >ce, and wa^ re. 

;med by fomc of the natives, in their hoofci, which 
were rcguljjly aiid neatly buitr, in the moft friendly aMbuv^u* 

A a 4 v«* 

'fir maiiwg Di/tv/ttr; i* tkt S*ut#r* Ht*&ftbnt y He. 361 

x manner. r ,jjDifo^^g Jiowevec the pofiti»eviniV¥#lo*w of 
$. tiancrc^ ! tq. £jvc i\ij jufVcaufsjo/ offence to the ln*w» 
• I , tU£t*nity violate J (he .rights of holpiuJityyby oidering'.hi* 
ife, wWnad fifceWiie been regaled with him,- tojcuvjtorn 
inipg^qcoa-nuf tree; infilling, on the execution. ififo&b 

J\utwithftart'ding the difpieafure which, his bofts^ftrohajy 
J oji Ujc uct^fion. This rafti fiep brought on boftitiftes 
lae^'vvjrri ,ibc moil ferious confec-uences : To that thefirft 
pcrfph whom Capt. Carteret particularly noticed on th* return 
p£ jhe boat, was the "M after, with three arrows fticking io his 
body, and mortally wounded ; accompanied with fever* of his 
Beft men, likcwlfe wounded, and three of them too, mortrdly. 
After this unfortunate event, an end was put to all expecta- 
tions of refrefhments from tho fhore; where Qur Voyagers bad 
'the mo'iilkation of feeing hogs and poultry in great pleMy, to- 
gether with cocoa-nut trees, plantains, bananas, and a variety 
'of other vegetable productions, which would foon bavc reflated 
them to the health and vigour which they had Jcift by the, fa- 
tigues arid haidihips of a long voyage. No friendly intcrcoMrfe 
with the natives could now be expeded * and they were, not in 
a fituation to obtain what they wanted* by force* Even «hc 
water which they got here was not procured, without Swinging 
the (hip's broad fide to bear on the watering-place; on. both 
fides of which, they found themfelves obliged regulaily to Art 
' lier great guns, during the whole time they Itaid here, into-ths 
wood which clofely fkirted it : their cutter at the fame *tmc 
being ftationed clofe to the beach, and keeping up a .coniiant 
fire of fmall- arms, in platoons. - tn) 

During this whole time, the Captain himfelf was dangerouflf 
jll, his Matter d)ing of his wounds, his Lieutenant alio very il'i 
and the Gunner, and thirty of bis men incapable of duty. #» 
owo recovery, and that of his Lieutenant, were very doubtful) 
and there was not a iingle individual in the {hip, except them- 
selves, capable of navigating her home. Notwithstanding what 
had pafled, he would however have made an effort to recover 
the good will of the natives, had he been provided with anyar- 
tKles with which he could hay-e gratified, them. On the otter 
hand, he was not in a Situation to rifle the Jofs of any more, of 
the few men who were capable of doing dujy, againft thefe war- 
like iflanders, who difcharged their arrows in platoons, M regu- 
larly as the betl difciplined troops in Eurppe> tie iherflfom>-fe- 
luftantly, weighed anchor on the 17th* and as he was not r& a 
condition to purfue his plan of going to the. Southward*; Ind 
dreaded led he ihould lofe the monlboo, he immediately froered 
Northward, hoping to refrefli at tbc country which Damper 
has called Neva Brjfatiniq* , -, > : 


ftr mtihz D'>f**tTm h 



On r ; made tl : 

thcrtu^ nn 

n .Mi 

to wtv 




. : the day, i 

liicc their Oicr^sh by a 

re refhexm', iu a 

. and 

aixJ re eU-fclUtK-d - 

i, an September 7, Opt. 

!->*«-: I ■■'■.:: n of thta country, with iK its iJUii 1, ice. 

fin 4 board, 

which wae «i Engliih L'cwb, 

*j n ifec Btrnc of i!i: fliip, 

y' r . ovef :h -. I aft* men tic • .i, witboac 

railing the Kc^dtr'a attention to a very fcogular train oi crcutj 

wi 1 r. ft will rloabi left appear ;o 1 -tra- 

ofdtnarf Icfiea ef 1: !*ir»f, 

ikiu;.'iifiv il ■ . :"hauld % itbojc 

.>fccr*ar<U, in ihc COW c o. . ■ o the 

Wide AA-i or.frtcjucnrrd expanfe of the Southern Ocean, c^ft 

anchor eti fr lu-.iit or" this vcrr :fl in* ■ — fliould b. under in:o 

5 fa tie* cove; — amd what is perhaps 1 Rill 

re extraofdin d Itun.Me on thit very board, or in* 

k a#rn pJttc us :nlcn;?:ion ; it wo mitre* 

TBtmVi iv !, it had hrrn labcO down, by &.r || . .1 its 

fanner coc>lf>icuous htustion, nod waa accidentally round buried 

, by one of :11s (aik>:a, wh.te lie was kxiltiug for lea 

m of conhnceneiet wo no ;> the re- 

!ar irain oi accidents* the meeting of M. 

Jk>u^a>'nvtlle'« andCipt.C " , hi :.c Ocean, 

on j in hoirx, iibokt k 1 loath* after tuc liuict 


furor of the defects of the Swallow, and the diftrcfes 
of thiiV on board Iter, were relieved 

V3 a, that Capt. Carteret obferrtt there ww 

too mu'.n reetbn lo fui'pofe cfc of -li oa bouU de- 

pended on their Battvia, wiii'e the rnonfoon COfltt- 

nt ..-from the Krftward. Tit c wa> (till indeed, he 

1 ofcftef*rtf, an Mime fiifictcnt for any other fbip to hive 

run three limn the citUiict \ but he knew there WM force lul- 
ftrn Ki'oim it. m her prefritt eon- 

4,uat\ : and yet, 4 if we lhou'.d hi , he adds, to <on- 

xk< on, it v i:ipoiGbIe 

tp navigate hrr j< j. ;' ai tht- *orrn .iod, 

have e*lcn tbivu^n bcr bgltoai, whiU hid bu; . tli- 

364 HawkefworthV Account oftht Vojagtt 

ing/and that not filled with hailr ; bcfidcs that their, 
wotold long before that time be totally expended. 

Not 'being able, in confequence of contrary winds and Ct)i 
to follow Dampicr's track, and to get round the point or* mum 
called Cape St. George, which forms the Eaftern entrance of w4iat 
that navigator fuppofed to be only a deep bay, and which 'M 
called St. Gtorgfs Bay, Capt. Carteret foon found himfelf dew 
engulphed in it, and was fortunately drivm $ if we may ufe the 
expreffion, into a difcovery that this fuppofed bay was a redf 
paflage or ltraight, to which he gave the name of St. Gitrgfi 
Cbantttly dividing what was formerly called Nova Britannia intty' 
two iflands ; the nor therm oil of which he accordingly diftin- 
guifhed by the name of Neva Hibtnia *. 

Having cleared this ftraight he almoft daily had {Hands in 
fight, and particularly, on the 15th of September, in about the 
latitude of 2* South, and longitude 140 £, difcovered a clurW' 
of between twenty and thirty, of considerable extent, and at'V 
very inviting appearance, to which be gave the name of 'the' 
Jdmirakj Iflandsj ' one of which in particular would alone' MK 
at large kingdom.' The numerous Indiana whom he hȣ 
hitherto met with in this courfe, were nearly black, with wooltj' 
beads, and behaved in the molt- hoftile and ferocious manneSrl^ 
bat on the 25th (September) having kept nearly in the Grow 
parallel, and proceeded only about eight degrees farther' W 3 
the Weft, our Voyagers, who faw men and mariners tffx 
variety of ihapes, were accofted by feveral canoes furl of ft$' 
Inhabitants of three iflands ahead of them, who differed very 1 
much from the laft in their appearance, and (till mare in'thwj 
character and behaviour. 

Thefe friendly and fociable beings were of the Indian copper, 
colour, and were the firft of that complexion whom our Voy- 
agers had yet fecn in thefe parts. They had fine long 1 bhCat >: 
hair, and little beards, which they were con (randy plucking by 
the roots : their features were pleafing, and their teeth remark*'' 
ably while and even. They came on board without the leaH'; 
appearance of rear or dtftruft, and were as familiar and merry 1 ' 
with the crew as if they had been long and intimately ac* J 
quainted with them. Their vigour and agility were fuch, that" 
they ran with eafc up to the mail head much fatter than trW r ' 
people of the (hip. They parted with the cocoa-nuts they had ' 
on board with the greatcft joy for a few pieces of old iron, sad' 
(hewed that they were not unacquainted with that metal, wfa£cif ; 

* Id a critique on tbenrefent performance noticed in this Month's 
Review, Capt, Carteret 11 affirmed sot to have been the frft di£ 
toverer of this paflage. 6ct the fubfequent Article, 

fsr mall*f % Difimnn it lbs $t*tk*m Hmjfcltrt t <*f . J9$ 

they called Per rem \ aw king tbc Swallow's people uiuletiand, 

like t»C*I» focDCticfCI Iimi hnl i( ihrit 

n ent*.T-* I gave one ol their, Up Capt« Car* 
c p--coc» of an old irbu bocp, each l 

i (hart of dilution : 
fjmpaikizc in his joy, nor oburvc, without 
ciiange* of countenance, :<mt . c 

-fture, by which it waj cxprdled.'— All of tbem. he a<*'d*, 
apewrid to be marc fond of iron :(un an? of the Indiana I 
. .thf and he wi« certain ihat for iron t 
futile pa-chafed every thing, upui the iilanda whitn 
ibtj cou)d have hrotight away. 

Capt. C. with great reluctate fubmittcJ to tfce ncceffiiy he 
m elf urxirr, of denying the urgent rcquelfc of ihefr 
nt& (bit he would go on (hoie, and which t 

.m equal mil tt\ 

pcof ic bchijid, as pledge* tor the fare return of him *n4 hia 
I'auKjm. Our ot them vtjj fo fpnJ ot hi* nrw fcurocv 

'.tmatcly iefut«J to return ojr flaorc with 

~nd Capt. C. rcadil) indulgt ijk- 

d him be learned thi 

lofthtmnlf the iiiti*uitiii;i of which, lie 

» znd a I way i killed hit enuntrymen, when they 

out at fca. From hit eaci o with 

irw guett Joarph Freewill, and 

upk t>y giving it to tt:e largcli of the three 

' ^ of which he drew a chart, from the Indian'* dcicria* 

icJii of them with etiulk on the Quarter- deer. 

-tely. aft'et the) had been fonie time at lea tbc poor 

fej>OW gradi* ii/ became tickle, And, 10 Cnpt. C/l great regret, 

it to the Dutch iOand of Ccicbca, abooc 

thicc u after V; firft comir^ on board. 

At **/M,iifti>, vr Philippine UUnds, which our Voy- 

ages tlDH on tie a;tti of Ociobrr. &c\ anchored 

inber ; an: rnaoert appeare :a be in 

io toward* their receiving rerrcilunt 

i ever the* were oah r *ed ti> 

.uiKc -A fevcraj bundled*; of a{itw<J 

rrtic • : , long {pears, bows and arrows, and 

i to were thai accouti tfltOUtf 

fed, by the Dtrtctt, or tbeil partizaru ".d, 

c with the inhabit! 

voyage is rathci 

-.e i?:-i of UrtmhU' 
retlea were ...riYetf at a very . .. i 1 lie 






waa impoJ 


if dip tu tf. 

fo tu ' 

j66 .H*wtetw*r&'f/fctou*t oftfcffatP 

£at*via " v thcy were now obliged to wait,, Somewhere ,, tiJl,#e 
, acUtf n of the Eaitcrn monioon, and the fhiiiinc of tbc.£urTt,n> 

fit this time there was not one individual in the &ip£rce/r#m 
fhe fcurvy : ihcy had already buried thirteen of iJjcir. cjjfly, 
and no kls than thirty more Uy at (be point; of. death. fit aJL^* 
petty c-fikers were among the lick, and the Captain z^|ii 
Lieutenant, who performed all duties, were in a feeble condi- 
tion, it was impoflible that they could keep the lea much longer, i 
do chance remained, therefore of preferving thofe who were fUjX 
alive, but by getting on (bore at fume place where reft and re* 
freihment* might be procured. Opt. C. therefore proposed, 
as he was now again got to the South of the line, to attempt 
to reach Macaffar % the principal fettlcment of the Dutch on the 
iihind of CUlebu \ the fanflum fanilorum of the fpice i (lauds- . . 

Two days however previous to the forming of this refolutiop, 
their danger and diftrefs, which feemed fcarce capable of aggra- 
vation, were augmented by an event sh unexpected as it .was 
alarming. In the dead of the night they were fuddenly at- 
tacked by a pirate, who firir, as if acquainted with their .weak* 
tiefs, attempted to board them. The fuddennefs of the attack, 
in (lead of intimidating or confounding them, itemed to roufc 
their fpirits, and they inftantly difconccrtcd him in this defpq- 
rate nunccuvre. He then j>lyed them brifkJy.with what thejf 
iuppofed to be fwivel-guns and final) -arms, by which the- Lieu- 
tenant and one of the men were wounded, and fome of the r Jgfting 
Cut. They foon however returned his falute with fuch ftttffc 
that on a fudden he funk, and all the unhappy wretches on 
■board pcrimed. They knew that this attack proceeded frosaa 
fmaJl vefll-l, which they had feen in the duflc of the evenings 
but of what country, or how manned, it was impombleVtor 
,thcm to know. ..,., 

On the fixth day after this accident, they made the ifland if 
Celebes, and anchored about four miles from the .town of Afar 
tojfar. Here, though in the midft of plenty, and in the po£ 
of an ally, they might neverthclcfs have peri (bed, through tip 
jealous and narrow fpirit of the Dutch mercantile policy in (heft 
parts, had not Capt. Carteret extorted relief from thefe wary 
and rcmorfclefs tiisnopoliztrs. of nutmigs^ by his determined 
and fpiritcd conduct. The anecdote is fufficiently interctting,^ 
induce us to relate it at fome length. , .. [ wff u 

In anfwer to an application made by Capt. C. to the Croireb 
nor, difplaying the manifold diftreilcs under which he arc: Jus; 
crew then laboured, and rtqucfting immediate flicker IJM jS 
frcfliments ; he received from him a peremptory order not..*© 
come nearer to the town, but inftantly to depart} and f<w£jty 
ding him either to anchor or land on any part of the coaftthst 
was under his jurifdi&ion. After expostulating$ tju 


fir mailni DjtrKrm fo Hit Swtbrrn Hmrfihri, &c. $67 

ys <*Ji otv. er, 01 itn»iirf j* and utjwftic; 



1 J 

lien Ik *ivJ i 

wh%t they I11J alt 

!y nl'ow 
[j, * .u I' wind Would 1 

defer ^orcr, go and a- choc 

-cfefe t<» 1I1.- t«wn ; — in.n if it Ia\i he Ihvuld fmdhirnfclr unable 
to camp 'I rbem ro comply wich icqoifitiuiis^ the ivafbnal 
of which could not be controverted, ho would run tl- 
•ground u : id after felling the Inn of ifaofc 

on boa: .' s« they could, would * bring upon c&ctn the 

<1 ? having reduced a friend and ally to (b diciehbl an 

e*:.'erni:y ' — The two deputies were liar tied at tV tion 

■»d C'ap't. C*rtrret, at length, in conference oi the 
ciHiCatFea, ton fen ted tc remain where he wa?, up 
that he heard from the Governor before the fea bicexe let i 

■y the rctt morning the Swallow's people had the 1 
->n to fcc two i)o3D3 of war, with a great nun.bcr af \. 
•1 rd, co-i: c town, and tni lereaeopf 

The fa brccsc however fetting in about r.o-;.% Cine 
I -ret, no* having )et heard frnm the Governor, pe^sred'to 

in execution. He ace > 
tinder fail, and proceeded towards the town. The 1 

in and tbexnfclvcs, did not op r cfe him ; y* 
be wu deiermincd tn icprci'a fence br force, as far aa he was 

*cd their anchor* likewife and accoai 
1 Very foon ifteT ibey hnd got ender fail, a handle reiTe], 

ic other ci'il ofiecu and gentlemen 
.1 ip to them. On i. 

C*.< Ltd. The/ 


cir 1 having gotunoVr f-it, JtvJ .ifked 

c irtcty 


1 ' 
■ . 

■ .lone. * i told th 
t h j : . 

. day c-.foce 5 I 
. . . 
n, either by ibipwrecfc, fickncfl, or famine, 9 
. ' •:*.- cp to :\'. : wall*, md ci c corr- 

urri'h the 1 vrc won? 

• on ft . 
I 1 " r 


3*» HtoMvonWs Account if ft} FffiffiVti 

of'fcn aVfi who aflcejf noting but pcrnS&oa %' fy 
vii\k their inbhey.* 

" Tlic Cbvernor's commifiaries, as a ' prbpf that thef*'ia'pk% ' 
at Icaft, admitted the juftice of his claim, produced ^fo]|i<|l! 
axi'/Jf ready killed, and a few fowls, with fomc vegetable^ and 
fruit, which they had brought with them. ' Thh faiall but, 
welcome fupply was divided among the people ; but, to tap't r , 
Carteret's great disappointment, the delivery of it was fucceedcl'! 
by that of a fecond letter from the Governor, in which he was 
again ordered to leave the port ; and the feverity of the injunc- 
tion was juftified, or rather palliated, by a recital of the very. 
direCt and pufnive orders of the Dutch E. I. Company, relating 
to foreign fhips, and from which, he pretended, he could hoc 
deviate. *-^ 

The altercation was now renewed, and Capt. C. again fc-J 
peated his former fpirited declaration ; at the fame time, in«?s^ : 
der to enforce it, (hewing his guefts the eorpfe of one of. hit,, 
crew who had died that very morning, and whofe life, he ofen 
ferved, night probably have been faved, if refrefhmeou ha^,' 
been granted when bis veflel firft cane to an anchor upon their^, 
coaii. His arguments and fefolution put them to a (land ; an4c 
Capt. C.„ having convinced them that be bad not, as they bofa\ 
to- have fufpe&ed, been among the fpice iflands, mattera wetfe.. 
at length accommodated* and they agreed that he fhould go td^ : 
the Bay of Bonthain, about 30 leagues from Macaflar, wharfr ■ 
he might be furnifhed with provifions, be fhekered from th«r v 
bad monfoon, have liberty to ercft an hofpital for bis fick, vA.- 
fhould be there confidered as being under the protection of the 
Dutch nation. On an aflu ranee that he fhould next day re*-, 
ceivc a confirmation of the prefent engagement, from the Go- 
vernor and Council, he confented to remain quiet till then in 
his prefent ftation. This ratification arrived at the time ap- 
pointed, and on the following day he failed to the place of hit • 
deftination, where he remained about five months (but attended 
all the time by two guard-boats) recruiting his fliip's company^, 
repairing the defecls of his vcfTcl as far as was there predica^Ie^, 
and waiting for the Eaftern monfoon to carry him to Bauvia^ 
for which place he failed on the azd of May. " n|il i 

The mi fad ventures and diftrefles attending the Swallow nttftj ■, 
begin to draw towards a conclufion ; though they cannot Jp,,;, 
faid to have terminated till her arrival, on the 3d of June, at,,, 
Batavia : an event, on which thofe on board her had abuty? » 
dant reafon to congratulate thcmfelvca; as, during the w(joJe - u 
of their paflage thither from the ifland of Celebes^ the fhip. adjo 
mined fo much water by her leaks, that it was not without t^et.-.; 
utmoft difficulty that they could keep her from finking, wjth t i 
two pumps conftantly going* H«c this aged and rotten Veflel 


DaJrymyloi lam „ Dr. ^MNAh &f 

wn -i:.-hrj ap, i- i covered wi::i j new :lic»ihing ; jnJ C*Pt. 

uftniB fcer fitxn on the i s?H of September, catcr- 

aJD|tt bopct t^ltt Ihc mi^bc convey Ji.m -. 

t opinion, 

ThU !< jckllj die pcifoimof , coovc; 

Cipe ol Good Hope on (he 2J»:h of November, ar.d 
• with (Vic aJvADU^ci cf in c wcaihcr, and a con* 
-rowghout their whole paffige, to Sp^LheaJ, on 
tOc 20ih ol .Vfjrch fol lowing. 

[7*« *V tmtl*4.-iin $»r K/*t.) 

A»t. VI. *f Letter frm Mr. Dairy aid 3c n f>'. Haw!cef*ocib, *r*- 
Jkmi by jime gtmtmilt/i la*! iUiUrmi Jm/ssatioju ;'* hj J<€smju afttx 
U$t tr^n r* ifrtS*ajk, 4iix it, No«rfe. 1773- 

Or" the nun)* critfct wbo hire aJdrcficd the EJitor of the 
South Sea Voyage*, on ihr f .inject of that publication, 
the Author of the preicnr pe form&nec f-ctm to be the c 
of humour with that Gentleman, anJ to hair taken the greater* 

in pointing out the blrmifhc; svhich he hai oofc 
hW r n. He appears to hair been incited Co this un* 

deflating on the finding binfelf * mentioned by name,* m the 
3d Volui . ift edit. and page; 

2d <■ '(Z*^> * hy i/i^av 

<Soaired to fupport in his former publication , 

^c iccma rery unwilling cvetj y<X to abindoti. 

He <1 if ne himfelf, In ihr prefen: adiirrf*<, 

to 'the mere detection of the Editor's <rrc:$, and to the defence 

uf hi? own fpeculai :ijus on the fu , J ol the fuppofed 

So%thcrn coni.r^nr. ' Tnc ilt-hutnyjr which breathe! through* 

.* confideiabJc part of ihis |d an to hive been p:w- 

cipa 'I by more miportjnc ai -fling eoi ! ; 

v outlet he gii itne dark hiflu ol * ait 

inrT' oh prevented him from "going In inl- 

and which, he doubt* nor, * has iincc pre/cntcd Mr. HanVF 
front' grmtg in rhe .' he complains of the rife 

nian, * in depriving hrm of the ornnaod of the ftup he hid 
age, en pretence thithe had not been hied 
■ft the jetj-al m Fie clofe of hii letter, he feetM 

Wc c/' nsrrwnirxud miff,' by Which 
J ("rom umphcaint t ■■ . • 

theie charge* hbwevc-,we muft obfec 
Icarc, it oj; udkor of the 

be in any degree ta&rcftcd. 

37o .vAdrfpdbifc'f Ufa to Eh\ 4toNfahk*i J * 

* -.Thff igySate* paiftifl tfcis ^QxpIUrt irfiln3V^pi*n r Ulrt«*l( 
Utfroeai proofs Or prcfurhptibwiijtrinriftcrf *rtun the- Au**#¥ 
former publications* «r t*eduted-*rcra certaifl<«ircetaftMetsj'lfe& 
lated in Or* Hawkefworth a compilation j from- zlhivtfctuMt? 
D. ftill irtfers- * tbatet$aktbe¥n tontiiunt does- ts$i ^*UndarMJS 
ftanding-tbe many pofitions for the poiftble feinref the -fatf Aj}»0 
pofed continent* that have been fwept away -by the rrackt^of^M' 
late circumnavigators, and particularly of tee left of thc«pv g Fef4 
tbefe wc mult refer the Reader to the pamphlet itfelf ;ai werf 
as for a (bore remark on fome incongruities obfcrvable in the 
plates j and for the inftances which the Author produces of Dr. ' 
H.'s fuppofed negligence and inaccuracy in fome particulars,* 
■where the narratives of the rcfpe&ivc voyages, and the charts • 
that accompany them, eflentially differ frcm each o.her. • ■'■•. 

Mr. Dalrymple afterwards, juftly enough £8 to the matter- 
though but reprehenubly as to the manner, animadverts on the; 
Dr.'j very extraordinary aficrtion, in the dedication to bis -Ma 1 ^ 
jefty, that, ** in little more than feven years, difcnveriei htaeo 
been made far greater than thofc of all the navi^atqrs ia'febsi 
-world collectively, from the expedition of Columbus to the peoi 
feat time."— — Sach, however, is the language in which jKinjrt i 
have been accuftomed to be add relied, from time iramemoriaL<**q> 
Mr. Dalrymple, ncvcrthclcfs, very indecently fuppofes that (he 
Dr. * has read, in the Child's Quirfe to Geography, that Aside! 
r!ca was difcovcred by Columbus, and the Edit Indies by VifceH 
de Gama,' and that he imagined that this meant, * jiot-tfae^ 
firjl difcovery, but the whole difcovcry ;' and he ia at thq.paia|^ 
to read -him a lecture on the occafion, in which he recitu the 
various and important difcovcries made both in the Eaftefa a-pi 
Weftern parts of the globe, not only after «* the expediti&f 
but after the death of that great man. tie tells the Dr. Hk«\Mt 
that ' fome of the important difcovcries, which bhzon his*MaV 
jefty's reign, were known before ; particularly fpecifying*' 9PHP 
straight between Atav Guinea and New Hol-and, puffed by tfai 
Endeavour; the Charlotte IJJands ; and the channel through-M** 1 
Britain, called St. George's Channel* by'Capt. Carteret.*- -\ t tte 

Tlie Hiftoriographer of the South Sea expeditions has thot^hp^ 
this attack fo far worthy of his notice, as to annex to. tfcefiPO'l 
cond edition of the Voyages, now publifhing in Weelc^'Noer*'^ 
bers, an additional preface, folely appropriated to his defeats** 
againit Mr. Dalrymple's criticifms and imputations. Wfctv&e*'" 
gard to the palTages above referred to, in which Mr. D. cod**" 
plains of having been attacked by implication, &c. the-Dcjdl3r 
fausfaclorily exculpates himfelf; and further declares, thar Tft><< : 
opinions delivered in the parages complained of, relating to tee'-' 
exigence of a Southern continent, and for which he is-Mrter* 
znfwerabk by Mr. D. \vc:c ncrt fcificd in by him'} but'arcih* 


MaoteV ffy*f •//«, A* Mr m AVao Amnim. 37 1 

\ y and even tV very won*-, of Capr. Cooee\ and wrrc 

na ftom that oficer** journal. For t*e few 

t.ij remarked by Mr. f>. ber*rcn rhe cfe»r*t and the 

hr likewtfo dtdatn hneklf no', refponf^k; th* 

inv. been lati down hr^e fcveial commanders, w 

raws, hu partxiontion ; nor dtr* he fee feveril of t*ttn nil the 

bank wci aartnted ofv Wuh regard to the oe*f?r oSje a» of Mr. 

■ .'rm^e't cribcifo abownJludtd to, he o&fcn'c* a v«f 

Throojrhoat bis tnfoerthr I 
cJtitt, it general, in a vein of carctcfr preafj- 

!t prtrec> e** 11 * bumour; »nr m<»»e .J.^ieVi prr- 
hani O be accounted for, than the .11- humour of h 
|M>imc\) CorTrfpo"i$rnt. On (!*• whole, ikow 
grille to the juiheeof Mr. Da^rympte'f »[>nx'ni and criiirfffiu 
in every particular, we cannot decently wnaaVeYpfer 
aekttOfrie^mentj to him, lor bavtr»jr, in ( .:• -xtjff 

on* ban .: J treble portion of the nytfl dttgreeihle : 

isnrtdioos part of the tate of a Reviewer-, 10 that, 
rneauu, we ate left it fcifurc to dwei" on the trtore aprerafeU 9 
and intcrrftm* parte of the performance which he h 
rpontanroitfH- sad rnin-jtely CftrKufcd. 

g^ Ax the time that the preceding article wn draws- 
Iota which the literary world b« fjii. h ol Dr. 

Hajwkrfwo/'n, nm tine ennvm to the Wr 1 w of t 


Att.Vll TO* mjhrytftkf UttWtr r* /»/* AatrVnr, -*>■... J . .i 

FafaWr Mojtfi) % i Jawae hmmht. Sanir, ^i~ill*nt 

be Mtjie of tie If .h'xntOt aid Mayor ot" j ttr^ide 

- paagu of i;o$. ,co. 1 1. in. Od. Muaida. Cade it. 

rTT^HE ftM/ity o( our Amrrirtn colorsee* Having been the* 

It var, a full and well connected 
narrative 0/ th= military opetatwns on that part of the gtulse, 
. in all ptobability, ptov; very acceptable to :lie rmrUlh. 
Reader; and nature certainly pit.i-t.ifcs hsprr 

t rooai ttoc pe ot a caMkwan who was actually nftgagoal in rtie 
frrvier,rfcun frtam Qor, u tdcfrabnag facb a 

worn; in (he roottwr covntts, wttf.oat the local Itans 
iMinfuyti rr— lH mm ni.unlL- or4n rca \j any * 


Ttmrtjuntjof iiai» iuG and prof«rc--s war, are fo tcce: 
ihnt ?etr li;tl« laeiir itrfornvatiori n 10 t«e cxp> 'd 

to tkc nta^i circuoaOaaa* 1 flc -q.;cwiv% and ihc <6ddi:r witb 

wh»ta tie r.^nu .are reiaicd, u*.i;, i-er.*:cre, be :bc principal 

kk 177 j. o^;- 

3?£ Mwrtfc ^Myhtfirfg.^^^ A'ft^* 1 ^ ^ 

hv^ijtjc^.wjta.i-ho Iwiji Amefjfia^rin a-(aur&4ctory 
manner, and-Ud^he Reader through la pircyn^tiaHt^artfi RirfW^ 
tainidg Retail ot the military- operations* -bqth tj)crcv,ffn>l rtfli&* 
\V dwindles, to the -tud of Lh< war ; togeibef wah : ivy*>ftityji r 
qiitiu campaign* againft the Indians,— -as the title-, p*ge. i^fe? 
ru.Hcs. In this- undertaking be acknowledges the aGilAa#c«i<]ft 
Received from feveral principal officers employed ■ 1 > the difererrt 
fervices, by the communication of journals and plan*, yjipfd 
plans arc indeed a valuable illuftraxion of the hiitory* as MQ% 
only exhibiting the difpolition of the forces la the feveral attacks, 
but as thvy arc alfo maps of the feveral countries, fo far ai re- 
lates to ihe moft important fecmrs of action; countries .wjjtfj 
which we were very imperfectly acquainted before ch^y, Wire 
trjverfcd by -our victorious armies, it will not however e&ipc 
obiervati^n, that the work has been unneceflarily ex beaded, ,w,irti 
minute lilts of the forces employed at each place, whicK^j^ca^ 
to have beco literally copied from the refpc&ive JQUina)ls«dtat 
which,, in fuch a compilation as this, migh* have admitted >pi* 
more fummary mention: this is the moic dila^recablu, _,a> fdfch 
nmftcr-rolls appear to have no merit, in a public view, afct* JfcO 
inimediatc occafioo is p.ift. . ;:.. cuvb* 

The Author has added many ingenious obfeTvatfO$to*j|4 
pertinent remarks, fuggefted by the tranla&ions rocited,*. wfetffc 
appear to flow 1'ioin a clear and ample knowledge ttf hi.Vjfl9tf 
t illuii, and of tbc country in which the feveral event* jirgfa , 
He. is not awed from .palling a free centurc on aoy,;Qajr.jpkJjuj J 
niii'maaagement of affairs or on the wrong behaviour r.oi/\iji\o 
viduals, where the occafion called for it} and weconfeft^ 
it was with fome pleafure we faw him undertake 4he flerfflr^uf, \ 
olnce of defending the memory of the unfortunate General lEtjr^li I 
dock ; who, after falling ac lead like a man of fpirit, by «(ffl 
bands of ikulking favages in America, had his tbara&erjriojflft 
ill treated by his countrymen at borne. The particular^ B^rjji*. 
rate were well known and much canvaned'at the time, a ^4 l$ta 
Mante thus animadverts on it : . : [\ < v # 

* Few Generals perhaps have been fo feyerely qenfccvMM 
any defeat, as General Braddock for this. But *{ fv/fi foSft 
ourfclvcs coolly and impartially to confider what wete ^ral^g^* 
bability the motives that influenced him on this ocoaftpn,flW 
may, difcover in them fufficient reafon to acquit him -of : $fcc^kr 
conduct with which he is charged. To lighten thr.turMf iMb 
who, with all then faults, it mult be allowed, fell Wave Jy*i"? * 
talk fo incumbent on humanity, that, independent of, reyt&tjft 
as an hiftoriaa to invert igatc and record the tr-uih* t ms>y ^ft? 

le*c to oppote » 

, ..!,• 

I . 

• . 

t muft have I 
:i»tk enough T 
i! ttjuft b.. J, lint Genei 

.ill could rot hare hec 
fciate Mm wholly r 
*o»i f i tenced Li. 

I iftfatvetr: 'rtrAfl 

bred fof the d 
.rrs which were "iveti to him by I I mgJ 

IftfttecV ph*e ; a''. tl rr 

pf\Xccl$: * It h*9 been affrrted thai Gr;; 
in dirccl COntradi&on to theft inflrtjeltom, lei or. 
wtihe it j, or JcTK , il tj 

imtltft ihr c.Hirrrry. But f have at: thorny ro a« m tt^r 

Hil flankiftg p 
tfrfttft fn by the enemy, and no detachments were made c. rl 
anccd guard to repel the attack on its flanks. I 
been made i:» pro -, they mcfr < 

M .we beaten off thcenem). Th ; i \»*s by no iwafiriho 
I: ; /or the advanced g ntt> eoru'ofW I 

. <>Mto that t^cGerjen! eonM fend h* orders to 
icion wh« our/ic 10 have been done without 
orisVffs from him. Had it rot been tor rl *r t irlSe: 

rSceonftfTton, {laughter, »nd fl ; »hr, we have b 
tave bad to refl or" the tHunitihwu rnt 
Ko*t On Qinrfrtc * : h!» re. ; i 

-. and from rtie ftters be procliic 
■cttfjr, who commanded that fort, » *<- i t<? him 
lory over ttcojw, to whom a few he 

« ludc* the 

\ c br«fO •■ 

... • ■ . 



of Ibe dVae! wert? crcat*: 

iiiny from p: irt* ring i i( i »h 

■ '•••: ■■ -' i ; 

■ - fudcVns U ■ > 

■itrrxr^t irrty fc 
-it, Ihetru: c 


9 Z 


ft c-xtv- 


not always b« -'dattravste^Awft^^ 

c*rc*p*ant*ri teabcw .J-., v. ,u alZ TaniV'T 
-Wt***mg the fewwiiVuwafsful ^jWh.u tVttjt »? 
.fu^frmWCrfOd^ am .AuCfeorJluJte* to t^wsW remarWffl 

* ^trrgltmiwl France never contended for a greater prize, 
sWtetyt' wfcen-fo- attain the crown of either kingdom was the 
(£)e£r *6f 'their armament*. — To form An eflirnate of ihcju^ 
Wlue ©f-thw conquer, we muft not alone conftder what Great 
Britain- ha* gained by it, What the 'trench, might have cc- 
tji>ire*fte«i«quAJ fjixcfs ought to have the greatest weight hi 
rtttcilcAtfen. - Had viciory inclined to their fide, the cohci- 
nent of which the Englifh now enjoy the dominion, would at 
thfy*F^^-otediene to the* Jaws; ani this would Strengthen' 
■yjtti l t6<iidi : a4e*roe, as to enable them to feijie on the Hri'tifb 
dJ^tbevWeft Indies. Were they pofieflal of thefe, lltlfc 
TrtYY'Ae' coral ruin of Great Britain muft be t^he 
'i^ohrinent ©t North America, and the ijlands in the Weft 
-IrW1es' i oVrivc ftorn each other a mutual fupport, and a found 
4toHcy-wouW cauic the riches of both to center in Great Bri- 

j: * : If in a war which has terminated fo honourably to this na- 
tion, fbldiors merit reward for patiently enduring every Ipccics 
bFdiftrefi, and encountering every danger with the moll rc'aSy 
" oketHerrct,- Britain never bad an army whofc claim to her favour 
J sflid orbfe&ion was fo;juir,«a that which ferved in Anieric.*; 
: and though 4h« bad been moftined with repeated 1 accounts of 
'dfffcracefW checks, her .general officers* and not her foWieiS 
". "^ena thecaufe of them. , it mull becorifefled, that it wasadrf- 
^Ifrutrtifk to furmocuu the numerous obftaclcs which obftfu3cJ 
' ~the bufiiiefaof every canspaign ; bm when, Britain had a mirnftcr 
■wha could diftinguiah abilities,.. rbcfe difficulties in lomc degrrei 
*Vanifhed* -Firmnefs in the ooturnarulcr in criiei turmountrJ 

■ fcvery opposition, and the views of General A mlut it oeing i 

■ fcrrcd^oihe acquiring honour to his matter's arms, and the put- 
fl iSng-a : fpeedy period to the expence and horrors ofyvar, they 
* 'were happily crowned with .that fuccct;, which fuch 

and difinterefted views, joined to the mall irreproa&'ibie 
^■'mia, gave every Britilh fubjefl the beft grou/jd'eo' t$Wh& to 
■ N ttpecV • ,, M . 

' h is not practicable, on account of" the length of 'rricwi- 
l' ! ' tions, to fried any of the (leges or aflions as fpeciinens of &■' 
" performance j we muft therefore concent ourfelyts with arVothci 
' extract, containing a rctrofpc&ive view of the conqueft. of'ihe 

Ha\ahnat by which we may conceive the many harJftips D 0?cf- ( 
'' ' COOic by the (tcady pctfcwMJtc oA %ut brave counujrtft^ at 


1 >rf to fuMlitute, prcwtd * w 
i J fe lfcflW y to give iLiSiltt 

\]mvt 9 i H$Jw7»fthfUu War im X*lh Annum. 375 

nnot but 1 unrrit wtien occaSon caflb 
* virtue* "***> Ivvetr aU;*l 
.. MlMr'flHI I - the 13A of Aapiftw** iwport- 

>*t $W, ■.giifh in killed, wooded a*w ,jUor>cja» 

cd, two thbufind Ictci> h it n-ired and 6 ■; 

HitioVy'^Whipi dott raoc record a fiege v»»fe fuck; * 

to rcurd lUe ■pp*oakfe% a> wfcu. uicadod 

of the Mofo-C