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Some years ago. having occasion to ^XBmino the 
Napier diancr-chc^U 1 djccovercd mattrinl* Ibcru u hich 
BOgl^rcl tbv tdvti of illu?iLrjtliii)C> iiturt- fully uitiJ cirU 
ginally than bad Mthcrto been rfonr, the lir*^ of two 
of iba grratp^l worthies, in their Hcpu rate u-alki. whom 
Srotluiiil has pru(lu<:eJ, viz. Nanek and Muntkose. 
DUK-rent an vrvrc thr chnrni'tvrH mid pursuit); of the 
Inrmtor of Logaritlmia. and ihi- Ht-ro uf tin- Siroltisli 
Tnwblaw nine of tbc iUuslrations contftjnod in the 
'* Mtrmoin of John Xapicr tif McrL-hi^Inu," nni) Uioj^c 
vov brought tujci'tlitT tu c[iK-Ld;itt^ itii- rompunttive 
merits of " Moiiirosc nnd ihr Coven nnU'-rs," arc not 
vltliout an hitturicul conurxioii, Njipier, a great 
dianipioo of lUtf Piulvbiiijit Church, attracted tLe 
tft^ of Europe cvi'O iiKirv, in hiu uwii dny, hy hin very 
IcariK^ and ori)jimJ Coiniiientariea on tho AjKJOulypjve, 
tb»u by bt» imiiLortal di)M:ovcry in mnUieniEitic^^ He 
«ratf 8 moyX dUtitipu--<hi.-d ii-udi^r of th^tt chureh purty 
in 8cot]iui<l wbo stood for^^ sturdily nnd conseiea- 
tiouHly. but wiUiottt disloyal or nuti-inonArchicMl fcvU 
iogs DgaiiM the vuppuEHHi papiitic^il iudinatioiiK of 
Jann Vl-.fipd tll4rd«>^pl?^ateattec|1(ltliofnb«otu1c Fof>cry 



frum abJx^aiL Naj)U-r'» t:l<lLbL gon, Uie 5jgL Lonl Na- 
pier, u ninciTd iliT^dple of hn {niher'n m thctt^ rigiil 
ProlirMiiTit dutf rhit^H. hecame the jR'i'HOi^a] fmiid both of 
JiimoJ* VI. mid Thnrlt^ I-, nml. moreover, a se<;oml pa- 
rent ly Muuti'uBt. But, in ibe progrvSfi vf tv":!nl*, all 
that w^K h'triosl ainl MitcorL- of tlit^ niLti-pjipi^ticnl |inri}' 
In 8cQtbnd viran Mipcrseik^d by uo msuliou« dnnuoruik- 
cliqut^, who, (liHffubvU fur a time imder tbe tuantk*t» uf 
such cntliutia^U 36 Knux aiiit Napit'r. anil ]irv:toii(Jing 
ti) ideijtity E|nsn*j«u'y with Fiy\icry, |irfj*m-ii uuwiu^JHr 
through tht'ir vnrioiia stages of dupUcity find crime, 
uitti! F^n throne* burn of thdr anarchy, wan 
ivurej u(J<m Uit? priKtraU." iwtrU^ of REl.itiicK and Ll- 
u^JtTy, whow saercd namos they hnd tnkcn in vain. 
Hcijcir it happvjicd that the immediate repr[^ tentative 
of thv great N^ipier.ojid \ih JEluslrious pupil MoiitroKe* 
W^f'.' (N>venaii1hig at fii^^i, and, without Iht' T^ufrifiLv of 
n pi'mci|iJe, martyrs to iheir loynlty in the euii 

But, Gve>i hi our own euli^litened ttnieci, there is 
A disposition to t^nfounil the cause of truth wRIi 
that career of drmoeracy. find to diiini for the fao- 
lioiw Coveimnter of Argyll's Dictatorship, — as viciouA 
A compound as ever jj^ltatvd under a veil of sanctity, — 
thr ri'spt'rt dui-' Ui l)ir ^^tern virtuesof aouieof our early 
reformers, and also that admiritig syni]>athy which the 
violientandimf>olJlic rctahationoftheCrovcrnmcDtof the 
fH4-mid JarneH bun ri^ULWrtHl no Inn due to iho wrapt he- 
roUm of iheCnmeronInn peasant Some, Iitdeed^ carry 
their vague idea*:, of ihv political sobriquet " Covcnaui- 
ern," to for 3ik to coaMd^^r the term ^acTei], tg identify 


tboMc fitctiotitvU u-iiJj ttic Church of Scotland itj all eras, 
vkI ti> TOtciil aiiy<itU-iD|>t lit t-xpn^liig lliiTir \\ixa, with 
«s much Iceeitm>s8 a^ ifihert^^iH'ctAVjility of ibc Fresby- 
trfiftti foTtn? 'I^T^crnkd upon ihc fnrntof tho*inprind|>ltfil 
kIiooI of Argylc, kucIi an AVm'iKlDn* uitrJ Lauderdale 
Unselft the perKi*L-utur uf tlit? ueL-uiid ritcu at <^avcnnii- 
tvrv. ft ]« not, however, in n scn^c m hulhcrimUmtL- , 
Ibal f baw udo|rtiHl the title " Mi>iitri>A(! mitl ihv C^vc- 
aiulrrs" or have iu»tttulod Ibiit contrast* 

TLu luitiM- iiikI iiclioUN (if M<iEjlnisi' wr-Tc- tiH> con^pl- 
ciMwe, niuL InltueQtiaJ, in bi^ cn(iciil timcH, not to luivr 
btCORie familiar even to such an caijnol, iu n Arki 
fecw, be tcfnird rcndiTrt of hhinry. Tlii' rutiiaalic 
pag » >fcodhistoric|feniuj,ofSirWdterStott>bavcmndc 
tbo lirro fts well known to th<- |*cucra) or luxorious rvji* 
der, CM lie ii^ lu iIiom* who Ktudy, aiorc intjuiriiigty nud 
sy^tirrnfLticAtty,ii|] theljistoricaliinnahof thmi' counlry. 
Hence there is an imprce^iou, widely pfevniliiig though 
very crroiieoiu;, tljiit uo n^ure n«d or cna hv n^coi^lfd 
of Al<kolroic nnd hin thii<^ Hut, I vvuturv to nayt hud 
llio originoJ materials nou" lirst brought to light in lln- 
foUowing pn^H, W-niit ihej>o«)(e««ioiiof I>Avid Hume or 
€ar Wiillcr Scot*, ^reully would Ihf aciiuiKitinnhnvt.'uid- 
«d«cnJif;htencd, urideDriehe^), a deeply ill tfre^tlnguiid itti- 
|ioft*oteli.^ptcrot their hi«t<kncaleompoMLlJoji£. Kveiitlte 
domefitk fuctNlliouKli fi-w iu uumlit^r, whidi I hnve Wii 
ctwbled tiJiddtnnmori'minuti-ilJiiHtrarlonof t}i« prin- 
ciple of MontroAe'itpiihticcondtictthnnljAd hithertohi'cri 
Bflbrded, would liave been tieaaurei^ iu tlie hamlh of the 
" Great MBglcinnr With «iu'h ^torr^ mm- ti> iIh* 


world, his exqui&itc, liiu unfnnunnldy too meag^re, 
" Legend of Montrt>9e." might bjivc expand rtt in a work 
of yt'l greater ititcrcat and ellVct; cc»i(ibjrii[i|;» too, the 
tnilb and iin|>firtnooc t)f hiMtorjciil ^liMvivory, with «oiiie 
domt^lic rnaiu-rn of iirit|tR-HtioiinUlo fna, Ibnl brggnr 
rvpn Iji6 powers of roiosotic ficiion. The devcitiuii, to 
MoiktroKo, of his nepht-w, who wn» ko ilcnrty tHrlovLHl in 
ruliu^i, nnd wh« pri'servt'd tfut devotltju la hU uncle in 
tlwr fiite of the most powCTful etiireaties and leiiipla- 
tiorm to forsake, or at ](-A«t to ijuii him, — Llje no Jtws 
horni*? ndht"n-rii?i", lo MunLnwi' and his mnw, dii^plny^ 
by hi» Dit^^cs, s^ho on hU aoonunt stiflortid th<^ irnprU 
sormcDt of malef*»cloni, aod were reduced from the a(- 
flmmrt? and [uxumn of tlidr hi>ch ntiilitm to di^^onifott 
ami poverty, — the " wril hiiown token," sont by ihem 
*0 guide the hero to bin career of ill-fated victories, — 
— the ahittraclin^ uf hiei heart from ln» mutiJated Iruuk 
tenealh the j>ibhe(,^nii(l, alxive nil, tbe e:<(raorilmnry 
progrcsn of that romnntii- ifiie, through perils by land 
and wttt even into the ptitutt-Mion. and ^iinonj; th« barw 
Imric treasures of nn Indian chiefs— -hm^FTclf an heroic 
mifTrrer, w)ioni we must not rail ».^VM^e^ — IheKe are (n- 
ddt?nt» which ought tu hare bet^o introduced to the 
world by no other jH'n than Sir Walior Scott's; but 
which, it may he h<ip<'d, will i-ao»-, uvrn hy thiK hnni- 
tler record of them, the Lt;^'nd of Montrose it*eif to 
Im periuteJ with additional inUTcst. 

Tbc» ino^t mi]K!rtunl new uiatler, however, coptniiied 
in these volumes, are Uie hiKtorical fnijrtnenlK obt^inet] 
fnin th* 1*"-"'* arehtvts of the Napier family', with 



tbf addition of aoitw dzMcovf-TkH ninoii^ tbe DianuscripU 
rf 1W Advocnlf^' Lihrftry. 'JTi<»fle throw mi ciiiinly 
nrw li|jct»t upon th^^ nior«I <pring;H uf Morilrovt-** Iho- 

tiiiip, iild not iti^ij;i>i5cniilly our ivIlcdtoiiK ujiuii lUc 
Koir fttid n'9iiill« of hi* littiew. — uo cxhansiK'ss Hoiim' 
of puHtical and muia! iiiatruction, WhiUi t^utb cnchu- 
AJaMic democrat tL'Fi I writiTu nh Mr Hnidic, (imw Histlo* 
tiograplipr nn>iil tW Kcutlaiirl,) rulUm'L-d by Liinl Nu- 
gent, aud. in the rhupl^^r we reft^r to, q\iolod ami rtlied 
tipon ifvcn by nu btM^nan of such BUpmor powers as 
Halboii — wbiM Ihi'Tit' tmvt- rim nul in ihi^Jr ai^uiiip- 
tioRfi of Motitrov^A iinprinoiplcrl iu'l6fihTirse, rocklt^BB 
ombkioD. and irjftAtinbli- *ippctitc for blood and niurder. 
bov Jitlle bati brtu donu tu iUvistrulv what wsh Uie 
ncliial 8tale of the Htni's niind in his nnU-or^carctfr 
of H'lf-ili-'ViMion. Hill, ns an /iitttdnttMo thuse hatie- 
fid bbloncaJ calumnies, — iti i^ppubittg whicb J am 
raoieciom of hovjft|> cnnght too mud] of thi^ tone of cx- 
dud conin>vi.-rsy, — of bnviujf wriltcii " tutftnitt/tmie 
€affimo^ ntid, it mny br «a[d, occadonully somcwhnt in 
Kii^ Cdmbyxrn* %'L-Jn, — 1 woidd Hrfiirc no more than 
tliat Wide tlicj-bi* culumnfoM jihiiulil bt- pha*t-d iIjl- bi- 
tbrrlo imknown iHtoi-s and docuinenU f linvo now 
prxidiHvd, in which Montrose mny he Kfiid to >\i<rak for 
hiiii^f, fill tbe uiAllffr uf bin advice tu Cliurii-b I. and 
llic niolTVi^i ntirl principlcfi of lii^ own cooduet. 

From tile diargi- of havbt^ " louehed tbnt unclraw 
Ibinjf whigj^frj-,' — <J adopl \\\e eipn-isivp phrase of u 
dbtingUHlicd ljtvr»ry corrb-t^poiident, wlio jjoiiourcd lue 



with a piTruHul uf lUe^tf vutuitien before Uii^y weiv pii' 

1iah«i]|)— ^}f hnvlug rommittt'd n fnUv. Ktcp in joitiEng 

at tlidr outset cbc covMinnUrig ^iir/a^r in ScotlAnd, 

word r do not nhriuk froin u&iu^, :ti being trulf 

Hcr{]>tive of a party wlm arrogflU-d to Ihomsvlvos Ihe 

character of a whole natiorfs generous voiiv, — cjf liaving 

acted iDcon&ialc^iitly whb the dictates oC IiIa reason, and 

his niatiirer principlua of action, by having cnrnc' 

whni he fondly considered tbe arms of "' the Covtimnt, 

against tbc last hope of true ll<?ligion and Liberty in the 

uurtb, — fi-oni these charges McnUoee can nev^r be ex- 

oncmtoil. Bnt iUc moral, and. when we remember U'la 

expiatory struggle and deaih, il may he added, the 

grandeur, ofhia heroic character and career, cannot, 

by sudi litrfectn, looe thdr value and interest. TIjtf 

doctimenta referred to must carry an irresistible coo* 

viction. at tcuMt to c^rc-ry unbiasiMud mind commi^ncii^ 

its study of the times pant, that, even in his first error 

and inconsistency, IMontro«o wai^ humane and houeat, 

was DO far-«igbtcd and wW^h factionist, no btood- 

thintty dentroycr. hut ix youthfuL aud mistaken en- 

tlniHJaAt. If Ute i^udden aud viokful exettanient of the 

prnod,Jind MontroM^'u agi<of foiir-arid-twenty^ will not 

auificc to reconcile auch political inconsistency as can 

be proved against bJin, with the diameter uf an boncat 

«tatcHman, and a gionouH brroj wc niay close thcannais 

of human vlitne. 

I am induced to notice still fiirth^ la this place th« 
naituicriptH which prove MunlroKc to have e^erd^d, 
in bis hktar patriotic stniggle, ihe rattocinatiou of an 



u|dght a&dacrojiipliithi^] jtulitidAM, fnim hnvttig, m n 
Rcrat vi«it to Conibrid^, my uttention cAlled to a 
pablt»Ji(MJ Discourse, pronounced by one of the Jiving 
oroain^iits of that seal gf learning nud bynliy. [ will 
be cxctucd for tmiiwcrihttiic tJie wliok* passji^ front 
nch m writer aa Profi^ssor Sedgwick- Iji hiw scrutiny 
of Ann« of J'iilir}''» iJcfiH:tivr l*hilojT<j|iliy> ornin* wtinl 
WiU be fouml in (lie nottv* 1 Ibuvl- do rvrnttm tQ imA* 

■ yrhj b a oof iloly t*» obey Uic clvU uftrcrnment ? PiJrf ttiiIih, 
lap—If fT Jif tA* w^ ^ ff wf 4U otHrtttd /nrm fjpftfrttity.,- , „ to if»fj o§ 
tit niBJIirfftf pu«»i»«hffir (UdHf/ /**■ irmlr<i or tftufjeii trithaur pubHv 
iiC»nir<nfm(ji^ liT u Mr H'lVr p/' frbif f/iuf 'Ac miitUi/thid jjinvmrrttnt be 
t^tftd—^vt mt lon^rr- Tfm prinriplt hdnij ^irJmtatJ, the Junfitf: **/ 
n*rg ^mtlirtdar taita q/ rfti^ittnce ia n'lut^ii itr a mrHritirnr^ffn oj the 

«f rntfrttinj/ it ou rAf vthtr. Ifni wft» ifnttf /mf^e ufthuY Tl'n 
\nitrji tjum/vr AimMe^.* A iiu*i<j |i>c>hiiuii1 uiWJitvvmM cluoitinu 
->4ii« men tvruia lo Tw turm>tl Ui ]mw piirpm-^ liy biil ixiou — unt4 
Dwvr, I ttdfarv^ ftplwld by any ChriMJikn nKnulL^L In lliuvb or u«d(i.>- 
iPfBl; VWB w 1n:>iDudi Minil4i<n<y t^H-i^iu hi^vt to sntor Thirty on q turn. 
pmrian of r4^ f^rMinr^^ : ni>'] 04 fur dnnj^^r^brttt itiva at mtiaikoc 
UT (lot nfbmini'rl by it^bulfin lJlcoontmry,«n urgpii hy ii iiilii 
I, On TklvyW |iiinripl4>«, civil ckbf«lwntw anaat ruuiiiiuv W tiu rv- 
pwA«d M A iluty - uiiJ \F civii order b« rutoliHKl M iJI, ii urn gi^Cy he 
ihnvgb ■ffllUhiwH BDcl fw gn llio onu lund^ muJ ty ciitTui>fiun iinri bruCe 
IWof iij> thr «itbff r- !<uoh n nlalo nf thin^^ ntii nnly Lcorl fo rulQitndc^jii* 
1w4mi, or IIm: aMblUbiDOnt ij^ a ilvnfNttIt iMEirfilivi?. 

"Ad unbrli^TiT TUtr i^ririjmlliiiifliiiy iifoFKttiL'ii^^i-lniiKiiKlH'nry : but 
aCMiabA Ani^in llrv ni>r<l nll^niitH rpiirly uiawi^r In the i)i»ttiuii vrv 
vilh. UbuliBui^tf 10 tliL- eivll ](i>vernm?i>C la a dtity.bvcminu iLic 
of Clod tfilvnkLiLy uiul rvErvuEuJly veiJviiia it- Dul iIimu tJili dot:irlnr 

riidfliiliLr>J[y fUtU The Api>4t1» of o«r EvII^Eon ^vt- iiiiiL»t*umjklrHiHl 
■ roltf Inr Ch« nHialbnci* nf n Cbrialnn. Tlicy rn<Ei<i«il nnl fbii povrrrt of 
the vn*U lij bodily (flrr* , but hy pprmiwinii, hy pitjf'nl MiduraniVj auil 

■ml Ibw follntv^v ^lTt<rtiK], wi^rr iiiroETJiEUvliJy tbc>iiicHl djiii»ni«hiD|;f limi 
m nciifiled la Av h^lorv 4^>/ [citn, 
* Vlivijliil,liuwfTtfr,l)VMUil4tbiil cnliiury ii:iuli,t4it liivtiifc tboji^^won 


^\an: tlmt tltuee powerful pnei^aK"' ^"^^ VfHi\pim*A un< 
il«-p the Hinvt iiiflitruro of n ri-rol}ortlr)n of the IJin«l 
of ChorU'si I., or with nu immi-tlintr rrfcrrnrc in Moii* 
troRf and ihc Ct/tcnHiitrrs. Certainly ProffbHOr Snlg- 
wJek hoi] iiFVtr btirij the frAgmcat^ of papery whJch 
have j>rt'mTv<il to us Tliut\'fts»]iiiiifjH 'ir^lonir^wc, niirl at 
hill prrtvjiior, N"pi*T, on llu'suhjrct of Sovereign |>c)Mvr, 
uitd Ri'bt^lUoii. Vet, notw jlhhlaiidiiig nil that haecojnc 
atui ^oiit", since- about tljt> yudi- 1[>4I, whfii thoatf frug- 

KivMi to thv iiiiiurvfi Aj^iiti]«H, muivii, on thm nctvjunf, hflopc Iuh vnnlt- 
ni mnvlm* u tbdr nilv* of llfv^ wf mjiy *miu iii jr^ncml tcrmifwuli- 
out liwIiirfT tliih JW'iimiiiii w'ttli vntrffiijn iijiim which \m\\ ttt tut |iruc'li- 
<Bl|[noi-|in mnril «pt<riflfilinnj, ihnt whrti-rh^ 1'l>n<linn rr1i|EWkii prrmils 
In h* purH^ H il i* Miii>u«-ibk- ibi'rE «lumliJ uviT «i«[ Jiii uxiiiiil^Hlvd d^fi* 
pOtium: nihl ^flium eLiv jKiwor uf ihn vivi^ulivu i- liuiilvil (m itvwvrttr 
vnUfclt <t iltfErL'vJ [KvTk? <vil] ulu-jiyji 1rc< f^^iiiicL wiil^in \\n- rtJCLbrJtUlmji uninv 
plK« whi^ti: tbc iiEitFiiAcliii}Li^t( of iitfl nod kit^poilo uiun ouy bt: ravl 
by A tniind riiiJ Ic-^il riwiirm)^. H^4ii'Jliifiii* iircihiTiljfil by liuniM^i lnw, 
lind &« (t'rbid-li^n 'ly l^hv Idtt of 1<tiil. line n n>nrTkl oppn^iTJon In (ho 
tKi'ciitWv. rrin(]iitri:il dii onnillrittlonnl ^roEiiuIn, 14 pKHorlTiird by no InWi 
Oithvi tit ClutJ <jr mart : v-ml il il t*i' wifuly nthl virtiii>ii>lf cArrii'il urii U 
bw ItL ilt own Dilurv tbc vlrnivn U »!' imirvatinR «(rti]jtlh, iiiii] inriPii Ht 
loTijfth br irnuiUiibli^ IK bouuvLT. <ti>rLri)^ tbu pruj^rcu of a tWip. llii; 
uriLfltrliJUsI ]iiiUi»riliii* }>u in ii[,\.-n wurfiiru u'iilt viu:U itiiiur ; 4 jrutrd uiim 
mtiy ■! Jonj^h bn (>iin|ii'1b-cl tt> hkUi^ n kuIo, uikJ rL'tm^lJiiilly tn ilniw hifi 
vhofl '\r\ ck'fi'fioi' M tbr bt-^T Inhcrrftn-'p of lii> dunirv^ Snrh an mp- 
jwnE, Fa lir JTi>t. iniii'l ]>■< irijirln mi prinnplt'; n/id hftor nil utbar boDDit 
mpitn4 hntK' l»ft'i> irik'^l m rum. 

" L'iLrur1uriiilvl>,TbL-i>p|jo«ktii>niiitli«viii?rDRv1iinentiofAibiiriLry|iOBrr, 
but (ijii ufldii butiii LiJiniuyiiLi^iJ li) KvlJi>b uuu fur luuti jturpu^ui^ lu- 
h^oul of l«kiPK iboLr toiUfl i» a uiorul «D'I iyin«ttt>Jtinniil rt^lK^vnrie— lo- 
AEcrul of rrylMff, by cftry buiurin mi^juit* lo i^iincc^ncniic all iJiC ml|rht of 
virlMi< nfiil iii^b |irinripib< nn lUtrflBJrlv, Fhny barM brMkrn liiu 1aiv» of 
fbvir i-iPta^Tiy. <tipp«-ii rlii'ir bmxUin blond, iiiii\ r\r<fi\\iy**\y bri»<ij(hr rum 
Ou (btfui'ii'Nm uii^ Elji^ir pail*. J'he >iL'n ur lliv «ti^jA-l uri' tju( uiily lliv 
iliim|wL'ii i^wi. UiLi ibv ih^HiJoi'i -iiviijEcli, \^~bl1^h' lUu ^'itiiioiiH vlviuuiii* 
of inMi'lrtl wiIi'T iirv ^'iiiiEiii^ 1[i [bu *»*l^ u'lu'ibvi invci fjw "titlinji «liivi.4 
dr liuT, tlivy Mir u^iHl fu' fiefiUum," — Jtaetiurff, ^'c ^}j A*inm St'l'fu.-^ek, 
M. .1, F- Jt /S^ ^-c. Win/ziifttrdiim Projtgnr and Fetlauj if/ Tntiify 
Coff^ffr, t:amf'nf/^f. FovrtA £.Jifi<Hi, lKi&,p. JOT^ISO. 



lb «uti<r<4}, nut hi^lffry, but i\w oWunty of u Scot- 
tish charUr-<-hcst, lo the yrnr 18S5, when ont* of the 

ACcmnpli^hcd fif htr iionii A(ldi'c«i-fl ^^t/mn Mtrter 
qnotod, iMonlTvao'H principli^H of civil obedience, his 
■Ximnii of ixifJIicnl ^ivi-rmnenl.t hii^ ;iTixii>iLh nml Hstho' 
Tmt4^ wiirHi fur ihni trivi:?,ibk' liiii; of jJcm^iccatJiiii. be- 
twixt ibe philoHopb}^ of nnn-iysi^lanc^ auil p^b§]«vobe* 
diecicc oD Ibt- oxvp Ii«ttd, ;jtid, i>ri Ibe «t!Kr» juidifiaUlo 
retiist^[icie to urljitrary [Kiwer, — (lie reaMuiiint: ^tid genU- 
mcni^ %t-r wiy» of iMnntniKt^ wbrn dt'p^'r.Tnfini^ thr np- 
praadi of ibe great civil war, ore wonderfitliy similar, in 
tlivir philoftoptiy. logic, and cvvn laii'f*iia^'» lu IhuBt* with 
«birh Profi^Ksur Srdifrtit-k instnu'lt-il tbr yoiitb of 
Cambridge- in ibe ainpci of 'J'rJnity Collejre. " Re- 
bcU>on m proAcnbctl by buin^in Inw, nnd in forlnddcn 
bjr ibe Uu' of God, But n mora] oppohitioii to ihe 
rxfTulivct cDtidticted ork coni^litutionul ^ronridA, \h pro- 
■cribcd Hy ii<i Inw, cither of < rml ur man ; mid if it bt* 
«ri>cly AixU rirtuouAly c;Lrried oil. it ha-^ iii its owu nu- 
tutv the- elements of ineimsiiig striTigl.h, and Tiiiist at 

Eh be irreaisiihlc. If, howt*vtr, duriiiff the- pnjgrt?8a 
of m fclole. ibe cojisiitTited outboHlies be In open war- 
fare with each other, a good wad may at length be 
compelled lo tnkc n Kiih-, find r4rhu!iiitJlly la draw blu 
sword Id dcfecice of the bi-st inheritnnoe of ht4 country. 
Sudl nn Apprnl to be jukI, rnuxt Iw made ou principle; 

aflrr all ullier bontHt iJK*mib have bven tried bl 
vain-** Ho MKLilcnU^ the living VntU'sMtr, And more- 
over* he inniTiUinK ohedirncr lo the civil ^uvf^rniucnl 

duty. " btfcaiibc the wor*l of Ood solemnly and re- 





peaie>dly cnjoiiis it ;" nivi ho rcfrn^ us to th« i-xainplt; of 

the apostlc« <jf religion, wlio *' rcnslcd nol tlie povr^ra 

of iIht world by botlity furi'L', tniL by jnilh-iil. cnUumDcc 

unii by htro]:^ M'tf'di'Voli;>ii.'' Kiiuilly he teWn un, in 

tbo concludiug pnKfJiigr of the pngos we have quoted 

from bim, a |}Us^;i|Ct^ liingulnrly apiilicnttJu to llu' emi 

duct of the covL-nantiii^ ndt-Ts, Uiot " uiifurUniAtcly, 

tbe oppoaitioQ Xo ibe cncro^chmcDto of arbilraiy [Mjwt-i 

bns iw> ofUii bt'triL coiuineiic'ed by Keltinh men fi>r bn 

pnrptwcV' ^vbo, hi" mlda, " bave bi-oktii Ua* biws (tf 

ihctr coxiulry. dipped iLfir hands in blood, and iw-cd- 

JuflfiJy brought riLiu on ibcinsdvce mid thctr party." 

Tbia la iiii uupmnodilalrd and iinronHciona ech 

of H-hnt llic inurdtTrd Montrose* and hix Mi-ultrr 

innikaliHl two buudrt-d yi-iir^ ugti* bt^furu the grrni 

civil u'^r. and itiii fciirftil rx^atltH, bail verltk-d IbHr 

worst autJcipntiom. " Civil eocirlu-s (unid ibey) 

no pbuixia^ to Aiinighly Oud. rjiiiiot ifiil^ivi irllij- 

out ^uverniijeiit, lior gor^niiuent without ft flot-e* 

ruign power to fore? obedience to lnwa and jtiKt 

comiiLaiidB, • • • Thi* sovertignty in, a jjorver or^r 

fke pt'oplr^. abuvt \*hk"h power tlirrp in none upon 

enrth, whose neT-s nmnot br- reBeind^^d by any other, 

initituled by Cod for bis giory, nnd the temporal and 

elvnml bappiueas of men. • ♦ • PutieneL' in the Mtb- 

jcrt is thr b<sl rrtnedy ng^iiont the effects of a pniitv'H 

power loo far extended. • • • Hut there is a fair and 

jtuUljuble wuy for Hvibjecb tfj pntnirt' a moderate ^* 

v^rninvui, itieumhcnt to Miem iri duly, whieb ik, tocn- 

'ourtficsK'eurJtyof Hdigionaudjii^t Libertit-*, (the 








matter* cu which a. prince's power dolh wurk.) whidi 
Utktt^ M^c'ureil, Ai« power muEt uccd^ be (etnperati* aud 
mil 111 tliee^TH chunm'K * • • ThejitTriKtiml rnuKOof 
Ihe eontrovcrstic* Wtwotn tiiu prince and hU subjocM, 
U (be lunbiliouK litiigos of rule id great infD> veiled un- 
(I*T iLe 8jH?cions prott-xl rif religion nntl tlio MilijrcU' li- 
beitie*."* Proftss*jr Soilgwiek'tt sucrt^il priij*"iplL» uf ub<v 
dimoe to civil goveruiueDt, Acd his vieive of ibc moral 
depravity of rebellion, nre not to he di»tiiipii»jhcU» <fX- 
tepi b/ihiMtr iwhiftiiBiltilgLMti tucrv verbal diApulesfriTRi 
llcmtroM and Napier's exposllIoD of ibo divine and 

TkilBbl« character of sovereign power tipon cortb, 
" irbcCJiiT ill thr pfmnii uf ii ranrreiri:fr, nv in :vjewprin- 
npal mfftt or in the estates (^t^c people"* 

It n hope<1, tJien, thai the new tnnteriala, wjth which I 
bare illuKtnited MuntroMcanU his tiinefi. will be conn i der- 
edssncit Jimilcdrin their iulereflt nnil imporljince, 10 tht^ 
UMfsof nccTtnincln^iHof histckriciil riiidcrsin Kcotlniid. 
but U beuig valuuble to the cauAe of truth and Justice 
erell/. Could I suppotierny own tivEttnientof these 
tcrinb to be worthy of Ihe field of inrjniry they rr- 
ofien, I mi^bt have aAptred to dedicate tb« rt*»ult 10 
tilt best ex'»lin|r rrpresantativo of tboflo lofty, uotui- 
Jon«d pniieiplra, — so eoiiNervativu of ^nrul gnvem- 
tandUme-hononred insliiuilous.— ihoae attribulw, 

untJitnlcd integrity in the sruate, and matchless huru- 
MUD in the field, whieb imiy i\ivy never eeufie to be die 
rharaeteristicT^ of the British nation. But I do riot prc^ 
tcDd to have brought to my tank the (alenl imd judg* 

my *00H htf^k/rM^M* La dhcw rrjtkajCA &> vnaievec crl- 
ti^WA th^ fo^y ail f^^nJu 

/t tMly rt^aim Vt l« MUeni, that ! «^ fux »> ^ 
WtthtUtfH V> my «>it/j'»«t, oat iq A\sxj Xo the noble Eunilj 
wUi/m pr<M4 4Uti[i<tkfn ii L« to repRseirc ibc Hero, as 
Uf t/tnh Ml ftjfpUesitiKja io tti£ inttper quarter for anj 
trri^Uwi fnol^mlA, id prMtewioii of the TamLlf, which 
mi(fht llfiuitrJiU: Uu^ Jjfr </ Montrose- But that do such 
$ttnitr\i$\M fixtnt,t kam, with great regret, from his Grace 
lh«r irrMM^iJt fJiike of Montrow* who, in a polite com- 
WUttkniUm oij thi; subject, informs me, — " I am sorry 
Ut Hny thut we canrtot f^ive you any aesistance in the 
l»r(iirttntt\a'- of the tajik you are preparing to undertake, 
nn tlifirti jim no pa|>crH whatever exiating, and in our 
jHi«»f»iiUjii, wliJt^h run ihrt>w Jijjht upon the subject-" 

I U Mtt^hril Sirttt, Ajiril 18.18. 

mtnt it required. If, however, the vaHoua original d^ 
cumeoU now produced, and whicli, in^nd of consign- 
ing li> the ri^tin^iiK^nl uf itu »it\nu*M\^ I Uaw mivrwoveu 
vi'iiL my text, hfiati b^ luurul 1r> fidd niiy ihin^ to the 
fact*, and ihc int«v*t of the mo!*t insirufiivp pL»n«d of 
Britifih tiistory, and.aliovealJ, shall in any dcgreir t«iicl 
to redeem frpijt uiimmted ohloquy one illuslnoua vie* 
tim of hypQentk'iit di'Tnocmcy, I niii Hu1i»fii;il tu givir up 
iny own Jucubrfttionp in these volumes to whatever cri- 
ticism they may c^ill forth. 

It 4july remains to be added, thuL 1 was not so far 
wnntiMg tu my suhjeet, nor in duty t» thv ntdde ftimily 
whoae proud distiiK'tion it U to represeiit the Hero, aa 
to omit an application in tlie proper (|uarter for any 
onginfil tnuterials, in prK^rwiiin iif ih** fjmtily, winch 
inigKt illu&lrntp thelifeof Mtnitro^e. But ihfltiiosuch 
inaterialB exist,! learn, with great regret, from his Grace 
tho pre«eut Duke of Montrose, who, in a polite com- 
iimnicatiou oii tbe flubjeel^ iufurnia me, — " I am sorry 
lo say thill we cannot give you any assistance ia tlie 
jterformititce of tbe task you ure prepitring to undertake, 
as there on.' no ]>a|jer-s whatever existing, and in our 
])Oseo8sion, which L'an throw light upon the suiyeci," 

II, Staf^d Street, ^prinO^. 




Tub duTicttv uf MoutroBci. how mriuuBl^ tmtvd hj hitto- 
vinl irntenHP^Mr Brodio, lliatoriognjibor Ri>yiil for ScoU 
hnd.bitchfinuTfrraf Mi>rimyitteODtni«tMd willi I In* o|immnA 
of CUrriHlon aiirl Do nr<LE'— Tho Cavvbanlcni' cUhimcUt of 
Moittro«*<-<-Ni(nf4] unil uh|»cUof lbA}irv*Giil M'urk— Lui'd 
S*p[i*f of M«n-hiAtnfi'ii ronnit'-tlfin wilh Monrromi— ^Cft^dnr 
3lBiiiiKfipU— Bitbop IturnirtS cbBrv.'U<r I'l M^riitrfjc^^— 
OHgianl If^tff, in lh« NVpi<-r chhrti*r-i:hpstt illdilrbtir* 
ti Bi*hu|f liitnii-('ii itwu charvcbr — I'hif qiu<HtioEi oi' Hur- 
sat'fl trutb uid ^mputiblitf ■ in bii dijlinnLioQi archaTEictari 
Ki hi n»i Uy iJiii li^tior^Si'citclL rnctiitri^RKim<:U Frmii 
Ldfd Nfcjiipr'ii priTntff pop<?ni, i11u"itniliri> oi' thts chflmrter 
«f So0t<b councili tud covdoiIWo. irom tbo coauaaaci'mvut 
of tht nijiit of CbirW I, in 1t>S&, Ia bin corniiiktiuri in 
SnUand in lfl3^^Fxin) Nftpirr'apiivtle notfavfnauif in- 
cOagrailJM ID luiitlim of btAtb-— Maiiutcripl oi hia olT^n 
«f wrrk* ti> Cbarln L— MU nuniincript on thv tulijHit «if 
the T^thc^ *iid fUnklmiioQ cf ibc Kin^'i poAiEion and dii- 
pwitiuiL*— >Tbv tifiUwa Ikdiou of It^Sil— ^Vhd« vf ibv Co- 
niiLiit—BtJ merino* condemnation, ptrJon, nni in^nti- 
UmIc^ ...... P-ffl I 


^« t<jr(h< pkrtoUfi-, oiid odunlion^Hjt f vly am* 
^^DXtm^nrr TJotiH of h» ^ouibful Trftt«U uid bc- 
AuDvniM— 'IVmJcni mmsitD lbftlbccuniaiaQdi<d thr 



ArcbcrGnanl uf rivitv^^'ivjiEi-riiiionijportnitwre oThh 
rivaJ lh«Mari]iiiK nf Hnmitton — L'oDlvlopOiW; portml nfi; 
«f Monlni»— 'Aiiovdvlii ■>( Hjmilrun'tt d»ijhb< rli'ivlin^ nnJ 
tnAcliarj lu MoutruBo «l Cmirt— ArchilnJd L«i4 J-yrii — 
Moiitr*c'i conlitn^Tl for him— Tlii^ old {'.nr\ vT Atgjle\ 
duuftcitr uf hi* sou, . . , , Pn^pll4 


• t6dG-L637. 

Wbcu ud wby MoM tiuc joined thu Covi!iiuitor» — EiinlitiuuH 
ftnrJ HiTTi-l itgUHlion in Scullatnl, ItptWiAt Ihr pi^rWii nf iIk' 
^Qtuulgation itfite Cnnoori in 1836, ukd ihe ftppomtmeiil 
uf tli« ui/w liturgy In l<f<J7 — INijiulAr luuiulL Hijiumt \h*i 
{ltnrf!;y in KdinUnrt^h— lnnlignlnrl hy ihv? minium frnm ihp 
pulpit— Socrcll^ or^niiol bj- BaLnt^niui anJ ibc Advofuic 
^-^.'vmuitfuvuJ by thu «frv)iiit-iuiiids <m tlie Ulf J erf Jul^ 
1637— Sfc-fpt tnfllrnrTintiti, to Arrhiln%?d Johntton r*f Wn- 
nBtOQp to ar^iiiflc apopalririii^urrociion a^rAinst the DifJiup 
of St AinlmwA fthuutil 111- iip{Hijir in puUic — ^Imiln'hv Jiu 
pnrt^ to IhiK teprct fl^tBtion — -W*iiknp»j and irr^toliilion 
*fi Ibir Privj^rouuf:!!' — Pnrlim \v tho n^itcitiuij iigftinrji Ihe 
Bi«bQ|is^-l*LD Uevurund Kobvrt UhiUiu^i utx-ouiit of tliQ 
petjtloni njipliist tlie B^sliops, and <lift mitnavr of hin own 
conrpniion (n it — UmuH of th4< A^'LUtlicm tit thv prwc con- 
vention b^'U at KJiiiUur^h, loth Noveiubi^r itS37 — Mua* 

conrpfjTion^ — Indocpd to join hj the pmii»ip>n'( of Hr>tlirt 
nnd Ihi* Minifcter ot MelbTii- und nol iljfou^'b dibplvnture 
Al llif Kinif'ii rrrpptlon ft\' bim Jic roiirf^C^rniAt.ihEriun nf 
ScoiEcijilI oTcrrbroun, ftnd the T(J>icB ci^GtiNl» under lJi« 

MUkLlLUlJ Uf Ihu Kiug'a AlJv^^UuIV PgHlLTt tllL< KlRg't BD- 

thoTitf, , . - . ^ ^ lai 



The Cnvfndiil— lu idfldlotti nature und fidan pr<*U•ntl'Hl^— 
C't'iicocluJ by u fvw fiictiurji*!*. — Dr CooWb fOnimdlctory 
¥ittw> of It ft inviiif of its indpfpRHiljlp diuiuiiur — Mr Uru- 
die"* cnbry of tliv CoTOU»m — L'unlero|H»Tin7 aitcpiinl *if 
Ihe CovsiiniiLtt uiil tht inadv uf iC« agiutJon and impn"iti»ni 
fi«tnlhenmmA(^T4|i|iiof Jqnie4<:<iTd<in>]i4r«cq!i of J(olLoDi»y 



- Mr Dartil 51itriivU'i I»:l«# on thv •object nf Ih* pnw- 

pflTkry tftfrcfrpundcflcc iliiulrEiiLii; vi liiw pvnrHJ — Cuvn- 
luMvn' «l«vmpti to trvn ofrr ihc Marqniisf Hnntlj' — 
HtMmt\j'» nftciiiio of tli< CortnAnl, l^ift 146 

'IW Mai^ttii of llfliniIlD»'4 dnt vmit fo SciriUnd k* Cum- 

n'gin-r Ut i*li]i> iKv alTiinof thi? Thurtli— Tbr Cnvr- 
fi«Bi«n pnpuv lu ntwirv faini willi UuJu*il lu'glt^ — II10 
Rtnnsil iio'bvft lUi]1if<'«itcr<iiin1dfl]ierdiiimiHionrr'Hr«i- 
r*p*fcn<i AnrritfiTr from (hir mftnuccriprft of Junn Gor- 
4va— |Iali0|jOuilinvVH(]rciIu1vuf HHiuiltCffj'k dt^ulplv^tlvu]- 
Iti ■Dlhrnlic^tf-iMin>ii|?riKlH>ii1ilUitiTvri->l— njumlrnn 
to Cfmrt^AfifMUa of fba Scotch ftuniflniiiti duf- 
bb «bHu.*«^— Kvllif* wnln id bin rauain, Pulntk 
ill Ahrrifi>f'n, ftt Ac>tii1c tho lavtl Tnun brtpanilniy 
l» U«tattmt'h |v«r>nct^ i)ttn — Muntniua dm miuian U> 
Abtptwii U Ml4-tiitnl b]- Mwiflii HTiHl'rwi). DicIhud, 
and Tftr^r, nllpl vlic tlimBpMilf»nf Iho—'hitpkU 
tjr vf Uat Nurili^Tlw tftnllMl d^vinui of A tf«r4fi<«ji— . 
UvatraWii rropprnn in Atrf>ritni>>^l'jviiiMcltoflft luA n* 
t^ ^ %b^ tonnuixia^ mmh, 16.1 


lltmahmt ffivm l« Scotknd— fn oidiv n^»i>rTpJ itt U> coa- 

liiMt J«Mmb of the Ci>vfn*nr#n— C<nd*ii>n«l bj Dr 
Coah Vb ka lli*lury uf Uin Chimli of ^lutliuiil— >M(iij- 
HiM'ftaMal tifijH^* pntirin"— Gpn*r«l Aw-mhly of 1l>8H 
lllihHMl?r — lUiHio'i Drconnt of thp opi-nm^ tfriti*^ 
Id^DattBcniiialul il« cimililuliiin. frutn thv iijftiitiarH|tl4 vf 
Jaim* f^Crdnt^Mnr^ttnaoV conrlud in tliil Atyt:m\Aj^ 
Hii viokaa mniHl with hk f«lh#P>iTi-l*v» ib« Eurl of 
ScMbvA^Muhlnvc'* livarttn and t^mi dinpUif of Ihfi m** 
diinivj af Ihe fvi{«a coMnuttd viih iho iiHirc dpc>>J(fQ| 
fvHcf M (Ziv ytntiit CvrtnutH* — ChHnft»ritlJ« tif the 
R*T«r>niJ HuMrt Uwlli* ■Icnwd froni hit ows miDUHnpU 
^Hi* iniiiinft ktilf* Ut lb« Afihbi*ho|i of 0|*>^ir— H« 
TOL- I. A 



of ihv ^farqiiift af HjiiiiilUjii-^Biihnp Hurm^rq oiiSogy of 
bim not 1o be tmiitti)^ — ChnrnL'lvritlJc* of \ho ^(irL uf A^ 
gy\t—Th.t King's jiiit v\cve anti tmniMt ofhi% •.-aiidact — 
Hit AtCTH ojiponiliuEi U* llir Kin^ cumi'jirr'l wiih Mrni^ 
tmw'i Am ■UB(ii|it Lo caUQlvrmiiicllioiltiniHnKLtWfccbcfaot 
of thA cowmiTiting chiaft, , Pig* 160 

ciiAPTEn vr. 


Hurttl^ »]i]wintvii tliu Kitis'" I-ivurvrimit ni rliuN'onb— Hamil^ 
luu'fl'tijuMa-ili'iilinG^Th* King; implifil]^ iniMa lliiiuiltou. 

Umlbulrluri of thu Hliirv vf Aiiifuii, \v nifirr ftiiul» ibf lli« 
C*iitCDanl — !■ rppnn^i^H hy 111* &rhpr-in«luWj nnil bv Ini 
t^tnriE (oimpnnion in armit Lord OfiUy--Monii*oM!'» fart'ci) 
iii4ij'i-li vriiNH ihi' l^rmtt^pufift hiIIi lliu cqvthlrv irf Mvams 
4nd ADifiii. tn hnM n rimminrp nt TiitiTlT — Huntljr o\ipOm 
■?ij to liim tlier*.* with superior forct of byftlUut^ThuMjrii 
LiQubvnan Fr i:»rilr»tk<i1 in lijv movpintiiiTt }iy tlip pcilh^y t»f 
n»iiiiltfin^— The lint rnidnf Turriff — llostili? piv-jiortrmn* 
of bulb purli«&— Cbftmi^lur ui^ iliv uncii-unvy folili'jr, in^ulu- 
ftUc Itf [h» mus* of tTic prniii' C'h* fTiariTere-^-AliunmW 
Tj^»Jip — Sppilrlinf! - ^Apliic ili?K['ripHori rrf him-^N cnpiifL-d 
by iCutLiL'ji lu lorvt- tbu Cwcimnivn in iLvir pri'purution Sw 
Tvlf-WiMtt — ilvmiUfm 4frrvtly iraiii^iiiLvh ut pumlyiK thv 
yvyaky of Ihp NiiTlh — MonTrofin lokf** ihf* rt^-H w^ainM 
lIuiill^^Kiirriitivvuf lluijUy »nii»ttou«ioMuijtrtnh'. fmm 
the inBOHtrrijit of .UTnek GonUm— '* Miiotrtnw" »himm«i" 
— 'FoIqd alonn m liJa miop — ^ijEfns of tbo tLmm-^Hantljr 
refi-«qffa, u]i<t MuMruie ouvupiet Ali^ndvon— ^Tiitu of tb* 
lowft— Pifwnnul JTiT^^rviPw IwittiiT. Muiiiro-itmii! Hunfly^ 
Accounf of ihi; coiifLTcTiJ^G »ii] iLt miJi. frr>rn ihi^ niunu 
UTJUl ul Jhtunk liurdoii— Aiuiklroiir't |iuLil'V I'^juTivlJ^il l<y a 
roitmitltP— Kiinrlj IrHmptlvn to tMiiilmfiib — Tbc ('<}vo- 
nnntfim dUappointd hiid iKuplcuied wUb MuntnuB't Ibr- 
bfeWaocf «nil jwivrou* «jtii|inBjiiojii, ff09 

CHAPTilH Vll. 
HHinillon'B tmnhtTf jllnitrnfi^d from tho vnowif ripla of 



fadft4 tbr ni|i|>Mt of Ihe cDvonbntiii^ arm^Vi fn>in tbt poppn 
of Lacd Ni|iwr^A]«iUfiLiHr L>aUii ur^amivji thai uriiif-^ 
Jl» ahi ndrritUiT— SUti- of ibo N«Tlh — 1'hv ]r<'U°tf Vit-. 
CMMl of Abofn* Hjtjioiiiii'J tbv Kinie^t liputcnmnl th^n, m 
PDDOiaf hU bthc-r, IlmiTlv^— Alru^nn tbiim feiicconn frOttb 
iha KiBifi bul ]Ji iiinnUTiu-Wtl Ky llikLmllsn^Tnuritt (jim 
^TW tnwiiicnpt of IVrtrk G«rkiuii Drtliiri}^ — il^ u- 
MVt of tb^ bm raUJuon in iLnn^ btlirizl ibo Cofi^jibnt* 
IT* of Ibo Dudli uid ttu' luyiil IWunt, nillt'd ilici J'riiL uf 
l^urafl^-MofltrDHv^ii ttptd mun-h ncruu Thv (jruiipihri* U> 

AbcnlHft — 'MnAHcrcof dogi — Moninaa'a conJiut lo Atior- 
4o«B mirilvd b^ fMrUanmui biuJ Incnl)-, cunuiu'v To tb* tlt^ 
ifaro of Ibfi cnvfRAintirig Hrr^^ — BcMir^ea Sir Ifcurifi^ (-or- 
HunV C«m1o <jf Gi^bL — Muvti» lu the soiiib — AbofQV 
antt/m IIm robl of Abvrttatfu, kJth ■ buihIJ HouL ilAiE army 
^YofUhM «ommaad«rr*^-Ij3rd 1d#i»it (>unLii(i nTuI btji fol- 
Iniof— Abfirnih BttvnifDd hj Tnulor Gun* Kuk» Mon^ 

UBW, . , . . . IV»^7 

Tbt Knir *i Dunx Law'^llmuitloik'* o|ioraiiciH in (h« 
Flrtbof Forth^Jlit t^tut mflim^EMw lo tin* i^nrmafili/n 
^-LfOnt Kftpiiir'H liiHtniEtiouH lu Irvttt villi him, on ibfir 
part* from 1^« Napipt |tHjttff«— RvvW nt Hiklnitlini'i 
IrMnbrrau ftoiUy — Aboynp oTi>n4kcf Moncrwp at Du. 
iKi«rf — Utad irf Siuftubuvi-o — V9U of Abojuu't urmjr— 
AitvnM at tlw irrnrhitrf of (^ulrfnH Vmu. fruiii flap idiinii- 
•cnpti q( FiAhf k Gvriua — Mndlrutr marvluv vipun Ab«r* 
4*«i^A<c4DDl of tlic t«ttl« of tilt UrHco of Dc«, from 
tW fDUniAolpti i3f l*ainf k ftmt Jonwi Gtinton — MunrriHw 
■twl«K Itiii oowvituiUujj tiuintuillvfi't wnmijt mini comanad 
la kvn AbfHFPn, juiil mthpi ihf loirn — Mnntr^Hc't t«oilf 
•onvflDtni on b^ ihe Kvtw Uot^rrt Baillic^MnnlnwCi 
MviAcbol, ubi AboynajoiD I.L« King at btfrwiuk— Abujo* 
SMTly kitlsd by thi mob of Edinhnrsh^BAiUio jiutiAi« 
Ifan, S7$ 

niAPTUft IX. 
MoairoMft tint tnUrvirw with CbarLvw— 4'ircum»l«4iaB «i^ 


d«r vtiidi be met the Kinf— New apiuuDD ud freili Im- 
pulw to tbv bomoFBT — WfapD mnd vbr JJontroM tvned 
Errtm ibe Cor^nuilfn mad lri«d lo ht« ibe Kiof — Cirw' 
fjapting" calmnpig* — RfTo^nlioDur PaHiuDeol in >«odaBd, 
hcU in Jime IftiO — Tbe trvwauhlr prvposiiont irf Ibc 
dnuocTitic loulm xhen vn^ "d Mdofrow* c^vpowtiaB 
to tfavm prvred — Junr« Gosdon^i miDiiHTipt accokiiv of 
the cDDFtitutitw iit ibe CvminiltH of KOMm 1&40 — Cod- 
temtiTe mnnKrn of thtl Commillfv — CiO»ei of M«t- 
tiow't cDii»rtH.iJT« condnfi M tbi» cri=iR — Fiirt hitinoD 
vf En^and bj tbt coTnustiDg trmr uDdrr Aleivndtr 
bfl — A&ecdote of MoDtnwp't «fao«inp tbem tbf wmT: 
the Tweed — pBnaagv of tbe Tvne — Tbe CoreauatCff* oe- 
cnpr XevcHtle, - 1^ 297 

Fttc of Modtitwe'i firvl conHrratiTe ettfmpu is mppu tt of 
the Kin^'ftHDlhcn-ilT — lli» a>rTr«popdeDC« wilb the Kiag, 
hoT ditcovered bj- the Corenuilen — llontrofi? fnHeailj 
jiutifi«« hifqvelf — Hit coDKemlire .AHociaiion — Copr of 
the CambemAnld bond, from the nuniumptt of tbe Ad- 
TOca1e«' Libnrt — lt« f«0 — Oiipinal uuniurnpl of C*i- 
\otiei Cocbiwie'i dedamioii — CoTenmnting uutioD* of tr^^ 
UD illnfttrmtod frota ari^uoJ nmaoKripU. - 321 


A view bebiad the cut-in of ibe Corenant— Archibald 
JobiBtoa.of WmriftoD — A ooTeiuntiDg-uiliqiurj'*-A a^ 
venuitiDg patriot — CovemuiliPg reformed — COTeDAUtiiif 
juitice — Secret oncbuifTy of tbe Cormuit — OngiBal let- 
ten of Aicfaibald JohnftoD, bilberto oBprintedi eiponng- 
the prol'igftcf of himself mnA partj — Oi^iul Iftter fro^ 
SirTbomu Hope, secret] j iaformjn^ Wuiston of the ck^ 
tare of Wslter Stewirt, on his jaaratj, hearing a letter 
from the King to MontroRei 


'Jill' n-H«uijiiiiJ'[Vf 11(1 ImseVi'oneeTTatiTe Umd. and the groanda 




W hu Blarni tot the manan-ity. illuhlnlHl friju nriifirid 
nuu*cri|>I«— ^^TrginnF MSr r«oH ot Mr I^^^JL-n MnrrHy"* 
Aif Q*Mt'mn—^hii^tuki MS- rtvoni oi Muiiiffii.''» rli^lnnLtion 

AA>ir btcwul Monlmo aaA Lon\ LiimIhi;-— OrJRJTiaJ MS- 
fvcunl or tbtfir iv>|i4*cti«v iJi-oliiniUi>iiki rtklitv to thuir 

Rrtirir aflliA do^mi^ri proilucixl. mid T.1ii4r bmrini; ii]inn 
Uw Umca* AAil Dpnn Ilie ^u^tiun oF MimrnM*''* j^nnriplvt 
^-Afcminwt'A b-it«-, «xpunD4ing bk vivivt of thu inTioUUi? 


lir nnticn nf Munlrcui* Irtm tttsdlj pi^r*—lVt% 
|>rvTiiji?n furthr L>L(ijr bntrix. hitiHatvr — Eliiloij 
of )■» cvawn^litv mcviii^gt w:iTb Lord NairJvr^Thuir 
tapprr fiwli^ «l *" VuKt" 1G40 — 'MnlcuUu Lvlii(;'a mm^n* 
■b4 irL«nvr>Ec ■rccionl uf Mtnilrnrt'* tiip»r)itioi] fmrn ihii 
Co««ttHU«r>— Maauvriptii intkir Nvpi^ cit vtr^ fbvat uji. 
miaf lliv mm h»lury af iliuic iniiucljcn* — OntftnaJ 
AftA fr<f a MttiT from Ma»trui« anid Njipi*r tu Cliultn, 
Vgti^ bii prrvf^rii in Ha>tlund tu qiiift ihii imuKlM 
^-A^viv* uf Mniitnn* vmJ Nhjucr lt> LhnrLcn •an ihv 
■•h}*rl of jtorrmJng StzoiIhiuI — TKii Irtt^r tLc VLivt 
^nsff u'lhv Kinj^'ii iK'TtTuiinuTjun Eu liail SiutUiulm 1Ej41 
iHtH» TUbJWjt'i* iHii^ i4t Nftjtin^^MiHitrajktf, Nkpinr. $ir 
Gmv;^ Stirling of Kcirn azid Sl> ArchihtU SlvKiirl uf 

TfiuAtft* in tht V»Mxit lit KdUburghp - - 411 


kipiuM the Plottcn-Corenoniln^ tutin — Sci^m 

•cripU of Wtltur Sri'imri'i ilir|M»iliniu, 4^9 




tflUtrl-ptt iUimimtiTf <if tVii* iivtiimi<M nnif ilrmfvimnr 
Mon1r<»cii Nnpirr, fend K(<ir at rhit cnui— Lord NAplfVl 
miLMiiwrJpl nolvn of hi* viimiiiiitliDii IwIdiv ilii< ('(numil- 

lo*^ arnJ ehrir iKtfftiipl tn n^'pirotr him from Mmifrm"^^ 
TalQ uf John Sfawart. buiI i1» iK'^ncig ujil>lj tJiv cLui'U'Xur 

Elf Afrfvlrf— MdEltn>1>r JlLiIlllViI 111 \ln- tfU1klH\t of lilt Hipk- 

ntion from lln' Coroiiaiilunt — fiuw miiliv« of ihv King^ 


|» Biiliop HiiniFtV Irrllm in ihn Nii|ii>4r r}t«rtpr-dwel> 

IL Lont S'apioTV wimpoDiJDhcc *iUi J^inin Vi. — Hid lotlcr 

uu lb«»BiiLytittof lliw Juiticodorkibip— LoiUrrwiuoirtlmi- 

Ihv Cluipof Kg/jik — Napibr'i clunurlcrt^f Jutrivd VI, Hc- 
iapXL4tnnc* o( Napiar to prertDt t^« cxecDtioii of Smm^r^ 
Ati afid hia C^EintpM— ^Curioiia eonTtiei for furnifching Ibfi 
c<mfrctioiiury ui i3jh Kiiik-'x iHblir m StuiluuJ. 
IIX. CbartM J. find thf ^^^|fh iVrlUfflpnT nf 1633^Hf^U« 

tb& of Dr CuukV butor^ of tbu Kin^'i 4^>oJul1 tburu. vt 
d«riT«d fixMrt Biirn#t, 

IV. Aoffnint nf the mnnii«riripta of Jaantrfl <ianJiin, p«nioa of 
RotbcEDAy. and of IW)d( Gordon of fiuoy. 

V, Ofigiu*! iiinnuKTipt ofrounu ef " Margftrffl Milfhijl*oii'i 
gnirioaH nprDRW." 

Vj. ExtriLcli frotri tSm town^ciiJictl Imokii of Ahrnlcvn. 
Vn. AncMloUtf of Argyb from thv miimiwri|itt nf JmnM 

Vril» Archilwld Jn1iniit<in':« doiibli^ibiilllkG pnTfd by thff 

letter from tbo CommJeitiunL-rB in l^nduii, lo lli(p Cuiuniit- 

Uttkin ScollbhJ, 
IX, f)ri|rinjil pupi-r, liitnrllnfid by ibc Kin^, of Cbarlw' ia«i 

ttfucl.iuDH tu iJmilvri^jbtiv aui] L'mduii, from Via during 

room of Fyrip Cn*tl*. &li 



tUt <,titf»ft#t of Mnntrnkf hiw mrincitly imlvd hy I LKtoriq] Writun 
— !(sj«n lt*uun-f.(*t»"l)ithop UuriiKl'a CLuntLvr [if MimlniPiif— 
Orijriiid l^ltf fmui tiuruvl ptoviiiti liu uwn CUnnwUtr — IVolSiul- 
n«ry vLwof CbprLv 1, Will bii ikioxtbh (."oujitilA and Cnum'mim-* 
^Irvt urtN>tk7ajiJCtoiTFDDieut{.'nr«rrUuiHr(ll>y Mdntrih^''^ Prvr«ptitr 

Thk UlcHt rUborntr dmrnrtcr oF the Gui:at Moy« 
TH09K. froi[i th^ \wn of » TiiiitormTir J8 Uje folluvi'tiijt - 

" Actirc, orur), daring. itm\ tm|>niKli)lt<<l, Iil* Keum- 
ti\ forutrA by nauirc' for dvil hnilb. ('Ii^ig;nnr(l nt 
imI or suppofiei] negfrct froni the courti be Joiikvit tlie 
ComiuiiWrt with a biilcrness of spirit wbidi watt 
mivlAkcti for I'TithiiHjjihiic xcuL But vt-xod^ cid tb<! 
ODH luiDd, At bt-iiie vt]ip9iptL in tbc council by the abili- 
U«8 aim) infln«'n4¥ of Argy]ft an^ in tljc nrmy by Lt?^- 
lie, uikI ziJltzrc^tl, uu tbt ufht^r, by tbe j/ri»|>i'ft vi bi^b 
CDU/t favour, till- Wtttit uf trbldi bm) finit rtung bini 
villi tnoriificfittun and irvi-ngts hr rngcrly li&tcnod to 
ttuniitiiif; uiTtrn*, mid imt only rji^i^til lo rt^iioujJL't tbo 

"iucipltfif for whkb be hn4l cwiteiidrU, but lo betray tbc 

ilMTi to coii8|Tiiv by p^TJiiry ji^aiii^l t^if.* lives anil bu- 
oflheiiidividuul^ Ktlh vrboinbebml uctcd iueuu- 
rvrl, and bUU-rly to projiu'^tr i-uUiiijf ibem olT by nA>u)*- 

fi ivraoDccnox. 

unatjoa, or by suddenly nising a &ctu»i in the boar 
of unuqKctiiig wcnrity, lo pcrpetfste ui indiscnmi^ 
nste fllangliter apoo aU tbe **^*'^■"g men of the partf . 
DetcrUd ID fais wirkedaesB, and miterif coMt ^by ike 
wkeU bodtf tu bloated with imiqmity, be allowed the 
tamoltaoQS fury «^ wotmded pride and disamwiiited 
amlritioii to assume the seiobUiice oTpriDdpie, and look- 
ed towards the ruin of tfae politiral fraocfaises and the 
niigion of bis conotry, which he had so sworn to maia- 
taiD, as to the neeesaary ivmoral i^ standing reproach- 
es €jf his apostacy, and baniers to bis aggtandizemeDt. 
Hence there was mo tckeme ao detperate thai he keti- 
iaied to reeomrneitd, mome to tcidted tkoi he declimed 
to executed' * 

There is no character, in andent or modem times, 
more atrocious than what is here described- Nor is our 
historian contented with this concentratiOD of his indig- 
nant feelings against Montrose. Tliroughout rarious 
passages of the work in question, he has exhausted the 
powers of his language to paint that noblemaD a mon- 
ster- He calls him a *' nobleman destitute of either 
pabUc or private principle ;" and, while revelling in the 
barbarous details of bis execution, speaks of him as 
"the blackest criminal," — of "his manifold enormities," 
bis ** breach of the Covenant," — his " assassinations 
and massacres," — bis " cold*blooded, indiscriminate, uu" 
manly Tengeance,'' — bis *' horrid devastations," — his 
** Infamous end," — and, finally, his " poetry, no less exe- 
crable than his actions bad been as a member of socie- 
ty."f MrBrodieisanauthoroflaboriousresearch, and 
it were not impossible that he had brought facts to light 

• A Hutoryof the British Empire, by Gwrifc Brodie, Eh), Advocatf, 
VqI. li. p, 404. 
t Vol. IT- pp. 270, 271, Z7Z, 

CHiRACTens or Mo>jrR05i:. 

u'hWi mlgbt alt«r oiur ^EtmAle of Moiitroae. The nbov* 
would be n rvnuirkiMe result, bnwrvrr, far itiich q rli.i- 
it been placed, merTin^tTio name, bcforo, not to say hU 
m<«t inUmate fri^iifU, but Ute biitercai aiiJ moat prt^M- 
dkcdofbittcnvitcmiponirycik'iiiieR, we mayventuir touf- 
firni tJjnt not a foiturr of n'semblance would hnvir bi?eri 
rKOgnicrd. \or mu§t we forgvi tbat Montrose, Id 
bis own Urii^^ wan pourtniycd hy thi* grotikhl inaMer 
tlutl rvtT cxocDtftl in t)mt ]Kcu1iar art of 6xing, for pos- 
trrJt5» the moral lineamenta cjf cnii^pit-iLoiiK incu. Cla- 
SEKDOK bays " Montrose was iq his u&ture fearle^a 
of danger, aod never declined aoy enterprise for ibe 
ditteiilly or^>itTg through witli il> but rxcxvdingly nf- 
fecti^ tboBct which teemed deupcratc to other men, aod 
did belicvr ^tomrwhiit to be in hiinsrlf which other men 
wtn not acquainted with, which mud«; bim Uve nioro 
cnsily townrdtt Ibow wfio wt-rc, or wt-n? willing tu lie 
[inferior to biirit llovmrd!^ wliom ht cxcrcisc^i wonderful 
CiviJityaod^iiero^ily,) than with his superiors or equals. 
IIf wwt naturally j<:ulonfi, uiid aiinjM.-t'ii.'d ibowr who clicl 
jwit cuncur with biia in tbu w^iy not to incnn ko w<-11 om 
be. He wu not without vnniiy, but hj^ virtues wero 
mucb Huperiort tmd be well deserved tu buve Uib tue- 
VKv^' preserved, and celebrated uniODg>t the inoMtiiltu- 
^trtMin pcnionw of the n^ in wfnch ho liivd."' 

Now aaMiminff . what we by no nieantiKrdnt.tbal Mr 
Brodtc in better informed in point of fiicl. than was 
Lonl (-lamidon, afi to Munlrofic'K diit|ioriilimH, motivea 
andconduct,andtbatheis, moreover.alvMprt'judiceUau* 
tboriiy on the subjed, still It were incredible tbnt the nd- 
TavibigBoTcrClan'ndou.thu»flUppo«cd|obc|Kiflr^eesed by 


the modern historiau, could b« to the o:ctcnt of tli? iliC^j 
ren-nct- Lx^lwixt iUe>^ two portmitx Then? wns. b<wdu|^| 
nnoilirr keen observer of human nuiurc. Uic cclcbrMffd 
Caiidinal Dii Ketx, ptT^toiially acqiuunW vi'ith our 
htro ; and be [jrunouiictHl tUr titciEtvrable opiuivii, (l^ot 
tbe only bein^ wlio h^A cvrr rriiliri.'ft hb idm of n clu* 
of h«roc8 no longiT living Bnvein the pAg<*« uf PJiitnitfli, 
was Moutrose. wlio had uuiitaiuod the cAiise of the King 
of Kti^hitid with n ^t'litiu'^?* of Ttoiil anpnntllHed in tli^t 
flgc.* AVhat lias our modem hintorinn eslAldiihcd 
eiciise his own unmeasured condemnntton of -Vojitro^e 
ill tiiefacf of Kui'h L'urJtt.-rii[iiirary upiiitciua ? ItJ vuiii have 
Researched through hi« lnhour»totind proof for uny one 
ofAhnsirflngrantnetsnpoii which bin dehnrniion of MoB- 
LroBe*a diaraett^r appeur>i lo hts fouudt^. We obi 
from him. indeed, a new and most extracrdim 
portrniUirt of Montrose, but no new illustration of llie 
obtMTiirer pasaages of hie hialt^ry, — uot a single addi* 
tiunal fiict tm the subject. The vnhic of the vilu| 
rative censure in qiin^lion is, in f^iir hninhle opiDMi 
about equal to that of the con tent porjtry abii&c whi^ 
Mr Brodie, in hU tuni, niight <)U(>te against our 
liancv upon ClmerjLloiL ami )X- llrtx^ am\ which U'l 
invariably expre«^id, and proved, ihiiti: — " That fina 
jilurihervt . und i/ltuHli/v;rt'utfimnnti'.iited Traitor, Jamet 
Graham, /tomtrtipur caiird Eari of Motttrose ,'"* The 
Presbyierlan deniocraey to which Montrose fell a vit 
tiin, beeaube he ilelL-cted ziiid op|H>bed the d«si(*ti& of 
faction agiLiimthe throne, syitonalUallyorigiii^ltidi 

nt ifuu Ton iLtf vull fiW ffitu tUiu \n tw^ Ud Plii(nn|uv, nv^til •r^i^trnir 
Id pvtl (In n<n crAnjr'^UTTf diuuw(i]ini%«vcf iu»i |{ritii(liiur cl'uut: i]Ui 


^Mmotcm(m^ cdiunoy* which th^y Jiuiik- it trra>Dn to 
ootrmdlct, or eren to refu»e to echo. AmoQg the maitu- 
ftrrlptfi of Uk' AdvoTJiti-^' Lihr.iry there \s n moHt amn*- 
iag jumI not luiinatrucUvt* private jourimJ t^f ihc period, 
cstiUed " NkhoJ'fl Diury" in vrliidi iMontrxHi? i« never 
niDed withttut Uic iu:ci>m|Kinimunt nf thnee viuleutaitit 
<i|i|Nrofarioui tpdthete. At souk? subsequent periud, h»w- 
•wrr, tb<.')r had been partly ltuhl-iI l>y tin- writer himself, 
who qiuUilicft all tht* jNiuogew where they nci.:tir hy thfs 
explanation ;— " Aueh were the orderv of Pnrl lament and 
f!otnmittcc, ciiid prufiilritimi.t uf ibe kirltH, Umt none 
dur«4 speak in favour of that noblcmAn,ft>r fcarof ctra-* 
Mre uwl punbitimrnt ;" — nnil nfior narmting a grievona 
pnuibhinrul iuflict^Hl hy \bv Cuiujuittet- uf Estates ujmn 
9 citixcn of Glafi^ow, for itttcriujf on exclamation in fa- 
vour of Mtrntrasv. whom thty were proclaiming a trai* 
iDTr— " wherefore " says this simple limeaerver. " ami 
foreitehewiny the like trial and ptiul^linieril. the writer 
ii forced to M!t down in these olMcrvatioiiK the earne 
tiUee, MyUfl. and JesignationB, vented, spoketi and print- 
ed of bfni, n?i tufore^ by authority and po^ve^ of ihove 
that niled for the timc/^* Now we eaniiot hrip thirdc* 
iBf that die outrage upon HJntory, committed in the 
nudem character of MuutiOHLv will jio^ii down the 
ttnam of time, obtuinJug no more credit, witli unprc- 
Jadksd ami retlt^tmg mimlK^ than it it had IxMni penned* 
ia a ^iCCloua pamphlet, hy come IVe^hylehaik dema* 
jo^ine employed by the Committee of K^itatts. 

Jt vn» not, UiorettirVi fur the aakv of Hped^dJy rr-fiil- 
lm( what in a great tneAiure deitroyi^ itiicif, that we 
covnmenced by quoting h page f»f Mr Itrmlii^'-j Hi^ftory 
of lh« British Empire, but bcoivue in thotre ac*utencca 


y cBiiuu* hUiuridi^ nuatiwrtpl in nuw to pfu([t«H uf bo. 


w«T ihtd j^aihend together, and &»uiDed as facts, vsri- 
oiu i^lMCure points which we mean to elucidate. The 
utfjiict of the fulJowin^ P^gee is to supply au im^ 
portaiit and iuUrvHing chapter of history, dd less than to 
duJuNtJcc'to Montrose him self, by iUustratiug, ^equeat- 
ly froJii original manuscripts, those circumstauces of his 
llfu tijat have heen least investigated, and most violent- 
ly atiiiunLvd to his disadvantage- More moderate and less 
|>n'Judkvd historians have also assumed what Mr Brodie 
cnllH the '* bitterness of spirit/' the stinging of '^ morti- 
Ai*ullini and revenge," for " real or supposed neglect 
Irnjn iho etmrt/' as the state of mind with which Mod* 
IriMi* Johjed the Covenanters. But evenin this false step 
of hlN rnrly careeri it may be shown that his motives 
and iVi'lin^ have been misunderstood or misrepresent- 
ed, llts MpjMinUion from the Covenanters can be ac- 
ttiunti^l fur by circumstances that must redeem bis cha- 
mctfr iVom thtwe vague and passing calumnies of the 
tUy,— Jdit alh'gtHl jtMilousy of Argyle in council, and Les- 
lie in X\\v iWUi " on (he one haiu!," aud the alluremeuta 
of ti>in]il.Ii(g ofiVrH ^ on tlie other hand>" — so uudoobt- 
llifrly m^ttnM by Mr Brodie as the sole motives of bis 
t'bttu^\ ^^'ilb Xhf aid vX origiual manuscripts, we 
wUl unnivvl loudi ikf tlie secivl history €if those mys- 
lv<Hv^M ^i«mrfiriKvi^ *l4I which our historian, totally 
nui»l\M^tt(^ »« to tl^ ik-taUSh tvunds lus accusation 
t^i^l M^wmt!4\ i4^ hari^jE "^ ciMkS|iu«d by pajwy 
4^iiwl ik< livvT^ atti botemr of %bt iadiTidvals with 
wImvm W ImU a^-itfd m. <v»c<n^ We will pniw that 
l^«vi|M«iik^wii aiHv^«^ A^umI ia Lml OaKsdoa'sma- 
M^«ai4^« tbhM Xl^«ilf\%<^ «ftal>r aa vikr i« Claries I. 
W^ imummmt ltf llaittUtMa a»JI Af^xV^ — aa <f*r. as ike 


Uiraa h»d hoHtity ixRrd a cocifuMil aod im] 
cdumn3r, amin^ otit of the h/^tiom penecutioii of 
Montivse anil ibc doobit-dwiling of tnuton nxuid. 
tbe tlinme. Fn>m tbe mbm origJiMl and uafxplond' 
■ourcr* it will be UcmimMnted thai Moolroaf, ao br 
from t^'ing " dcUctrd Id hU wjckoioov^ aod uitcHy 
nM oC bf ihe wbok bodf oa Uoaicd vnib iniqtuty," 
vw never bnnigtii to a fair trial for uiy one of tltv 
'ttHuif vitoiieratirv accunUoflU lw«ped upou him by 
ibc mrmir* of ^ftod nmJrr, jit^ticiv aixl mctry ; thnt 
,vtvD tbe Uwk«b tribuiulfl by which bowaspnecvtett 
CcttUy £dlctl tu tbrir attempu to con^rfet Him, dMra 
[ta tbe haor wbcti ibi^y munk-ml biiu fur Iuk layoJty ; 
iBtii] tliat at Any tjmr. before hi« conquering sword 
I'fcfld fallen M> heavy on the hoAd of a rampAnt ilemocro- 
'ty, he wouJil lave been reeeiveil wilh open jlthia, iumI 
luaded with tbeir favouD^ hod be but coiiicutcd to fafl 
down and worship tlirm^ l^ji^flLly, imttejid i>f die political 
[ipcMtateaMl traitor d<^iiiute of either pitblk or pnvat« 
EpEe, tbcmflum FitaJuod with o^MUtfinfltionv and nuu- 
Mur««t we iKipu to dtadoaa, — upon unquestionable cvi* 
r, and without att^ni|Hiog: locooeeaJdefectKin the 

ipoeiitiOEi of .MoiUrote, common tu hutnEinity, or chn> 
ittk of himtelf, — doC merel)' a ^late^TJiaii too ho* 
for ihe coimcils of ihe Covennnt, and n soldier too 
hlimJU>e fvr itB annft. IniL a getilleniMO, aecoizipliKlief) m 
mind aod body, hU head itorcd witli classic Ivarnin^ 
mad his heart ovcrltovrin^ with lofty aud generoui 

Titers U no life of MontrofV except Ibc elegant La- 
liB liutor^^ of bin nchtevemencs written hy his tnirliful 
thaplfliit Dr (reorjje Wiahart, afterwards HiHliop of 
Kdinhiir^h. ThiH only eomtiKneeN at thv |H^nod when 
our heru bail detireled the covriiantin^ deti^^, niul was 


tbe doM n( the jcv IOSl It a frac^fly a hiacovr 
«f b» VfMukrfal eAsrts in npport «f tike filling ca^R 
«if MonardiTf — aa entb^asacic appral in tii» fiim«r to 
lir>iimr tad high Geeiiag abwaJ, frm tbe faarbanNW 
XAArdi^ of ** tW dood in the north'' dicn eipandiny 
6Ter Britain, Tbcfie b a dooieatig diiunwiiTep hov- 
«T«r, inadentaOy meotuonl b?- Wofaut. whitk of itself 
fltfor^ MBe coBtrariktiao Ia ibc fcitijutdiu afy tbcwT 
that MMtroe «sn a Moostcr «^ makTolent iHpiilH% 
with whMD af> oo^ of Christiaa fiecfings couU hnve 
<«rf«R<l t<» be foroilinr. Immgdiatriy aiWr tbc de- 
int at PhiliphnQgh, be is dvdoved te ns BsnmiBp 
AVVT tbe gnTe of hia farotbcT-4B-lav, Lord Nipirr, 
n EuMevaAQ maity jcara bis senior, and ooe of the 
tmtmX pioos and irreprondkaUe Matesn^ of hs day.* 
Hootroae, deprivied of bis own pajvnt in eai^ lile* 
wa» narvd nitb pomrtal al&ction br Ibu Lori Nn- 
ywr, who was one of hia cnrttora and raarried to his 
elder aister. Bat, moreoTm, it w&s in cooncikhip and 
in ronipany with this nobleman, who had ako rab- 
acribed the Cormant, that Montroee paaaed throogfa 
that reTnlftion of political feelii^ which sone wovM 
have 09 beJiere to hare been solelj caosed, in his 
brvfttt, by an aptitude to betray, and a propensity to 
shed Wood, The passage in Widiait is remarkable^ and 
we shall quote it from a translation published two 
years before the death of Montrose. ** About Ibia 
time {1645,) the Lord Napier of Merthiston depart- 
ed tbis life in Atboll, — a man of a most innocent life 
and happy parts, a truly noble gentleman and chief of 
an ancient family; one who equalled his father and 

* AreUfavId tint [jjrd 7<»|rier, (eldut soa of tbe InTVBlnr of Log^ 
Mt) DBm«d Lady HargBRtGnliuBfBecDiMldft^hBa of John femtk 

ViMkH UANU&CairTft. 

gnoilfiithvr, Nnpicns (phiJc»<fphcr9 And math^nnti- 
dui?<,fiirw>ti«1limtigiinil the world,) inottier things but 
far t!:XCcr<lvd tlieru in liin dL'-\t<rnty in civil btuiiiu:ci;> 
AiBuiaji rmllhfultiiit»iLKbcu'iii<l]i>fht}'ciilcemcd by King 

Uid was dcsvTvi^ly a4lvaurecl into the rank of the bigli- 

irr iK^biliiy, ami Huicv thfse tinic^ haJ expressed ho mudi 

JoyuJty AiiJ iwt^ to ttic King, tliAt Lv ivne a Inr^u jtiir- 

'tftk^r of the rcu^nixlH ihct rebels bestow upon virtue,— 

aftau iiDpruoDiueiJl, «M|uofalr.iticfUt Aud pUiuder. Moii* 

irowb when he wtm a boy, lookt^d upon tbie uobEc ntaa. 

i a mio$iten(ifrJaikvT ; wii<-ri he wjia a ynulli, us ii ;jjo<«J 

^«qpr atimoMUor, when be waji jl laaji. as a mostfmtJiful 

Jrvmd ; and now that he died was no otiLtfrvrlse alFect* 

ed irilb bia ileuth tbuti us if it had iivvu Uif. iathrr^ti. 

Wlio^e mo^i elaborate dixcimi-Mv vf the right tjf Kings, 

uhI ^ iArf Qri^A tif the innnuiU in Urcai Jtritairt, 1 

heartily wiah may AoraetlLUc come to lij^bt/" • 

' UDrurtuiiately ibt' cuiMpirailioMh hc?re ailuded to nru 
fio longer to be found. Among the i^Ierebibloik pniKTS, 
bowcrer, tbtfre nrc varioun rrmnant«, which dp(war 
to liiivt* MtHiTed ri*o(n hrc on well oh Eiiuc, all in Iho 
^nudwritiug of (bia Lord Napier, aiid rolntiu^ to^ 
hh cnnnrxttm with thre-VftitAnf the rrign of (.'biiileH I, 
II is iiiteivfttiit^ to Iracv iu tsiune of theB^ iji4iJtumrript»> 
the peculiar noil kamed &ty]e. inters |>erHed with eln^Kicai 
aUnaooB mid i pitiful imiw, wbieb, aa itpiK-^u-** from every 
aecoont. and indn^il from tiic cXAXuplc8 wtf huvi.- it iu 
lyur power in afford, diarnc1rrJKi>^ the coiiifiu-dtiotiA of 
Montroeoe. \Wrati luivf liltiodonbL, un perifniuj^ Lord 

* Tlw Wc tvnlvnc* of •tliat U cjuuluJ ubirve l^ Ln tli^ ur^liuL LtLtLn^ 
IM^a at Ihlkvvr* : ^ 4Juliiu MumiirtDdiiii* |iu4-t, qtumi unlulfivnHiii/nEj-iii 
■VHAfO^ — ulctliwvii* taohlforvni cwmulEtJHu^dna-- wliiliu* iii\j<fO IhilU- 
IqllL l.'^H >la Jiirr iCt^lii, vt liiiiiuKiiUiin lit Brifai/iiiEB uiij[iiiii^ C'ii*U> 
^■■kv iliiMiilttiiiiii ■, udiuuu iil]i|iiaii[|[> ThU^nl tuomi'" I'- IP9- J 



N«|iJc-r'H pajHTv, nf Ihr Wivrcc of Ills illstin^uishnl 
impjra varjy vomumiid of clas^JC lore. But. wUut bt of 
tnftfe t'lJHseqiii^iiff, we dt riv*? from tbiMii much nttd niri* 
uxin infiixTiiuliui] rrhitivu to llint rriliruJ [XTiud of Mou- 
IrcMio'adttvcr n-htn hcwasbccojoingBcusiUijufhiftfake 
|vuhltion, uiiil uf th« iimidimisnpjiruaclii^ uf uii uTiprinci* 
\i\vti furtivii agniiiflt iUv tUrutic. Thvyaflbnl, in Ibv mi 
convincing manner, n cmi]|)]< u cxpcxuiy of the baft>ltai| 
caliimtkifs u^iou wlitcli AJoiitnisp, Napier, juid n fc?i 
Ollien wvtv so viniJtfuUy pur^v^d by the Comniitln; o] 
KNUiti.% on Uic prrlrxt of whiil wns ti^micd " thr llol,*' 
ill tbu y«ar 1641, and out of whidi aratse " the luvi- 
denr — tbo ftb*dou' of a shade. This plot, the uoravd* 
lllig of wlitcll will oprn up tbi< irl>rik? tnrritt of Mini- j 
InM^ MfMinUon fi\»m ihc Corcuanters w« aiv iiuir 
enablnl to Htiridate thorotifrlily* by m«u» of cooned- 
inif ivtiAt mitAitu* of Lord Nnpicr^ paprrs witii other 
4tc<|ciiuil inauuscn pis OB th« «ubJL-ct. which likewbcbav^i 
bwtt hilhi^rlo nne3(|>luirvtl, thoujch prvwn^iHl uiiiunff the 
rilinuKlkwi Hlom of Uw Ad^-wBtcft^ Libnm-. The 
i>nly hiHturi<«t cumpoddoB Mt cooptrtr by ibU noblo 
HMn b a mauwacript In hi^ baudwHting, imlJlM " A* 

SUV Hvlatitut of (be )i^u»t prf^ule afcain^t the Lord 
A|4tTt rthHvu by tiniwlfr-" ThU due?* nM rrfcr 
|o " iW Hlol," i*ur lo auy^f Ibr tranuiHiioofi which fall 
uiid^ ibv iltnouiiuatiou of " the TrooU«a* ia Smtinud. 
It ntbttv to H prlratv nbaJ at cuurt u* dcpriTr Xopicir 
4d io>al AiviMtr aud ciHUitMUUKVt a etonn throagii 
wbkli hia ttftUlktftUiig &ll«^)r bon bim with safr. 
Ill lMHWU^ Thv pvriod rmbnurd by thcs H<la- 

1 iht- U^uiniu^ of Ibereigu in 16i5, to the 

ir KiMnV curiMWliutt vkit tu Srotloud in 16SS. 

Uw anUM aft»r thai rrrui, and brforv t)ie 

ittthwv'n mwcik tnm bt» youthful intrd*. 

Kafiu manuscripts. 


Uut tbti ti^trmtiviT in ijiU'tupcnvd iiitli niriuiu aocc- 
doi^s of the grouth q( factioot and skctchc* of puUic 
duujKivrfit {artihh\Q^ uitha) mi nyi am) fi»tni<^ivt^ 

Uk iireaE Uf-'bcllniD^ that wc iKrd offer no npology for 
prcvtftitijJg our rvwU^r^ wiUi lh« t\\triu't« from It ibot 
will U- Found in thb inlnxluctory cJiapti-r. ' To ibeM 
waitbiLlJ add, akoas prelitititidry to iUe sci^itts in wbicb 
lfoiilroM*bim»vlfiio<x>a><picuoubIj' liguretI,sorucfnrtj^Antt 
n-fltrtiotiF^, Irft in tnannwriiit by Lord Nnpicr, nnd hilb- 
L'rtu biif Hvl in Uiv cbarti^r-diirHt uf bi» laiiiily. relating; tu 
tbe cbaract^r ai>d uondiictof Cl];Lrte*»iiihi» jioliry forlbc- 
l^vi^rniMnil of >^'iiihind. SiiHi tViigiDrnu,of ;id»ic prior 
tolbodifor^iiuuiUouof ihat «:ouiilry,«iidwheii ibu wri- 
ler had oUuinod no bias, from tbe AubvtqtKrrU tmurivc* 
tioiia lutil Rt-lH-'Uiun, in bis rutinmlc! of tlic Kiu^ and 
bU failblrw coiirti^rv, m^y bt- of more \-3liic in ^Liid- 
log U4 lo a juM oppiveiation of tbir rhiirRclor of tbnt 
uubappy nionarcb. of tbc dtfl]cultit« be bad Lo ^trug- 
[Ir witb, nnd of iliv di'gree of bin culpabiiiiy urnid tbt- 
tivlroctiom of bin mgn, than ]iH)^fs of di«M;rUitiou OD 
Ihv Aubjcct froni a Hallam or a Brodii;. 

Bi»fore |>rocetdinjf, howtrtT, with thc^c- intrrcsitiiig 
to coiviilcr ibc «coiU of iJiu givat Hvbcllion* — 
iMmJiig amid the brni of pcify factions while Mon* 
wae in bis boybooU or pru^irculing bia truvdd* 
«— w«inn»tuolke,aiiddiflpoHeof witli rctribiitivcj unties, 
;r imrtniilun; of our brro, Icik otiirngcriiis \i\ fx- 
'pTMnoi}. but more dangerous invlleel, (bun -Mr Brodie^. 
Tbir ei^kbrate^I Bishop Burnt^t.iiibialliHtoryof bisowii 

* bi tbcftAf }7n Fn]iLi«»Wnth Ix^rd Nii[iit>r (■i]k4hl « ii<ryliiiiitvil 
■bpnBlflB<>flhbiiiuiUKri(>l toW [j'lntt^L, iM tt htiml\.fv:ivd Ijtik rr 

fo hiiovn %o fnr btalilc* hi-ittTrii&l aniiitiuinii*. .^^fl 



Time, (tli« whole malice of wliich ha^ only of Ut« years, 
bcrtimr known to thr wr>rlil by llic n^hturulioii of th 
tiupprc-«ai;d pasanfitit in the Oxiord edition,} attribitte^ 
UiL' ruin of thi' King entirely lo the suci'tSHt-a uf Muru 
troKP. " The MarquU of MontriwL^ « suciYur Ajty« the 
Bishop. " n-iw very mi3chi<?\*oup> and pro\-cd the nii 
of tho Kiiig'tt ttftnirn ;" and,nftt-r limiting the read 
with Honie of hie fnecinfttiii^ goesip, he add^,— ** his (th 
King*ja) KlYoirq dcclin<rd tutaJly In Englnnd th»t *w 
iner. and Lurd Holiis eaid to n>e aU wm owin^ to Lur 
Montrusi-'s iujKiii{>y succe^Avn." Thla parudoxical fr 
m*rti<ni h tlu; tinisbin^if touWi tii u Hki-tdi, (.HmipiMed 
rarioufl sly and nialiciona notice* of Montrose, by lh» 
right reverend nnist, in which he would persuade n9 
tijul the pieduEtiiijant reaturea uf tJial nohleinuir^ juind 
Were a mischievoiu spirit of enteri>r)/e anKJnjf from a 
Txvtik Mi|K*rstition, and n vnin nftVdation of hcroimn 
checked anit jiaraiyjied by bis pergonal tmidity \ 
the tit'idi VVi'lJ might filial piety, more ttmler of th 
ni)ihi>|rH repatnttoij than hu wnH nf thnt of others' 
Buppre&fi such a wrnleDoe as the foJJowinff : — Moo- 
tpoae " ill Ilia defent took (no mttrh cafe o/^ Ainnre(/l 
for he was /lerer witlhiff to A'xpom'. himM'lf tiic much." ' 
Wnw Mi>ntro8c a townrd ? We will believe all (hat 
the Bibliop telib UH uf hit intn tiionjL euiAru^, — bow 
he, Gilbert Buruet. stood nercne amid theconndslo 
of faeliutt, and, wbetJier by ihr wide of Ills frien 
peribhing on the ^icaffuldr or in the presence of frov, 



* Xn till" r^rijfknAl r<lirJmi» ljy iLu I3ikliu|i'a hrri, \.ii\* hhuiLhIoub |U4igv 

ou«rii?i'^>(fniir] tliv>llS,ofL«rilUaniiioiitlt»DiAn ^'n-in.andotlujr*.)!^^, 

Ihv HumUi'Mi*,"u|miiwhiph T."rd l)»^lmftuthno^^•lhil^u!flu^k,— "wlikb 
nti^ht hniu Ivt^'h nn inilit'tfEiii'iiT fur tlitr Ui-^iNip (<i g»v ku mwticiuuB 



iai^ADd dAngcfoiiff majesty, told tho uuwelcoiLie Lruth, 
snd frami not, — before we wil{ Wtieve thnt Montrose 
wa^ a cim unl. But «t hut, ut ImjUoiii, wax the lii^liop ? 
Lnvxl iJvnmoiitfi, nf)<-r ivniKing the portion of his HU* 
Uiry firiil publif4h(^il,iiote<l on tJit- margin,— "* he wasex- 
tmody poniaU And r«jidily iovkvvvry thJng fr>i- ^rant- 
rd thai he Iicitrd lu the |frejiidtci' tif lliuai? tbtit ho did 
not Jikc, whidi laadr. him [mw for n man of U-iss iriilh 
tbui he rcnlly wns ; I do not think he deei^nedl}' pub- 
liHbtfd aiiy thiuK t**? be]i*?ve<l iv ba Ihlae." Wlitn, liow- 
trcr, bt* lordship had prniHrd therr*t> he hnW* a more 
drriileil nfitniciTi : — " I vrrn^v in thr first vohirne of ihU 
hook ibat J did not heU^vcx ibv BiMLU|j Ot^tif^iit-iiJy }iuh- 
Iblwd ADy ibin^ he believed to be Tabe: Uicreforc 
think TnyM'lf ohli^d to write hi thiH thnt J nm fully 
utttAed that h^ publiihed nmny things thnt he kii*^w 
to b^ sa" And upon the roneludln^ prayer of thi^ 
cvbrbnited ]ierfoniiAikce the uobl« critic remarks, — " thn« 
likHuljr ctidx thi? tn<y»i pni'tinl, nmiidoua heap of scEtii* 
dal ond iinKivprebenUttioUi th.U wjim evt'i- collt^i-tcd fur 
the laudable deniffii of i^i^'iti^ M Tube impn-ttsiun ol'|K*r- 
aofui noil thingit tu uli fuuire hx^a." Thiv eejjifiirt.' ha» 
hmu iiuiw^hi mnvh too K'Veri\ Hut from tlie \apier 
diutcr-chi^t, the store ihal vDcouraged iis lo the taak 
of reMniirjx ihc name of MunCrose fruiti uU the fL&}a?r- 
uoiM vc hjive noticed, by ft xpeciox of retributive jua- 
ticvrhf^n-, at ih^^Kame time, rij^en up in judgment aj;;'ain»t 
Ibe Hinhop, u letter ul Uia ow n, which we now [pnHJuc^in 
corrohv>r;Uioii of the ineaiicHt opinion thitt has ever been 
conceived of ihiH prehitr. * It is '^uffieit'tit to premise 
ibat the letter ib occasioned by that memorable crihiv 

* H»V hiatary DflJiik l<^1i(tr'« HiipffArinE jiiiinnfj tint U^rhiaton papgn 


oFllic* Kj'f-hmtfiO plot, when, nflpr lliesitirklc of Esaoir, 
Lonl Huh!^ell 16 under uoiideiu/iaiiori. and on thv eve of 
n<tcending tlirHwffold. It U nddroised/' For John Bri«* 
\mtw, Ksquir»V" (S(*cr<"Ury of Ihe Adntlralty.) and with 
in the cover tliere is writien, — 

" Dkar Siu, 

" I have writ the inclosed paper with es mueh order 
iM the conruHluii I jitTi uijikx cuii iiNow. I leaver it 1o 
ymi to «huw it tu rny Lonl f hUifux, i>r f/itr A'm^, jij( you 
think fitt only f hcg yon will do it n>i soon n* may be, 
that ineaMTtJiy Lonl Ku?fF^el seudt f^r lue, f^tr Kirtff wtt/ff 
rwt frr' jiroto/eed aii^injtf me ffi/ thftf. So. Dear Sir, adi«u. 

" Memorandum for Mr Briahane. 
" To let my L. Privy 8i'al knovr tliai out of respect 
to him, I doe not eoini> U* him^* Thnt 1 }ook an it n« 
a](reat favour, that when ho many houses u'ere searched 
mine wn» not. in whirli tho' nottiiii}; co\ild Jiave been 
foniidft yrt it v^'onld havi^ marked nic un a su^pected jier- 
■on< TJial I never wag in my whole life nnder so ler* 
n1>Ie n anrpri^e and so deep a melaneholy f as tlie dlfl- 
rnnll thip|:N thc-He tusF two or threi; dayi hua brou^rlit 
forth tprcnils over my mind ;t for find knows J never 
ffn fnuclt tix snirpt'cfeti any tucTi thiii^' ; all I fear*d ivjie 
only n)tne rUJng if the Kln^; should happen to die; and 
thai / tinly fufh*cifd aut ^'thtf t^iiitt/i thingJt thai t^vt^ry 

• \.m<\ llnHfux- Jf Bunic^ n* lir C*ill* ui* tii hi* Hinlnrv, wn* in thr 

boEh ihv K-ititf qnil ifiu Mvlr prvHuuiiIivc, *hy hi rwroiuuukiii> with tfw 
Pfivs Scfll y 

f * 'rvmhlf-fl-iurjiri«i'»unjl'»fp-f]<**'p-n-mrliin''lioly." HnH ^wift ni**n 
Ibia IvtU^r Ikc wulil haTL' nclnl lliaT hrrt uii» 4 V^rolrh woM ■t^l]rlii|f 

t 1k-r» ^vif[ vimM I^btp liitrl U\* uhiliI j1iii|[ ■! tli? DiHbnp'i fttjrl^— 

si«>ioi- imnNKT. 


(Wy we* a^ «vtf «* / f/wr,* ntid ut pn^vrnt thai Itjok 
ntunr iiuin^ tli^u pt-rhap^ any luaii iu Bii^LauiJ liiit.t ii' 
l^rtictilar wiiK iiijr unrortunul^ rri<?mlf, tolrt thrm «ce 
Ibal nothing brmight ii» Popvry no HikI iti Q. Marie's 
ilsyv a» the busine** of L. Jane Ovcy, u-hich Ruvc il a 
grettttr sdvaiire i[i the lirst ttiotielh of f hut reigric tbnii 
oUwnrifw it i* likdy it wciulil huvc mude during her 
whole Uf«. So that I had »ot ihf li^a^i nHJtpitrou ^ 
tkit WMti^r ,' yeC if my Lonl KviKsrll i-uIIh for my at* 
tcvidaocc iMvar, / cttttnot decHnt' U,\ but J %hi\\\ due in^ 
duty with tbnl fiddity iih it'^ny PrEvy*( 'mitistllour were 
to overltear all ihat »]iall pas^c between \\ja. 

" I am ujK>[i Ihle occasion positively rr^olvc^rl never Xq 
bare atiy thitig U> dew inc»re with tiit.-i] nf hiifiliu'K^t par- 
ticularly with nny in oppOJttthn to the Court, but will 
dlvid€ ih^ re^l of my IJfr lirtwrrn my fimction «rid u 
\^T\ fvH Imudfi, aud my hiboralury : :ujd uixtn Ihis 
/ patttce my tForti antijatth to i/ou. and ihtit hring given 
mui^ tny hand to ^oh, T tlof not fJauht frnt ^ou wifi 
make tht Hkr cngrrgrmi'iiU r» tni/ namt^ fo the Kittf^ ; 
and I bu|>e my L- Privy Senl ivilJ iaki-. occuj^ioti to doe 

• •««a«U,llUlir)p." 8»f1^»nTL\dhave*ic1ft|q>»]. ttUMllyca> 
vinqft M coat"* ^^ tuleutn dec^lAral ion fif bia pfffKl if^aF^Div ottbtf 
thKHn of » inni»|unu-y 1rSt^ lb? llUlnry ui Li^o^vti 1"rriio. iimitjr |4U> 

«4tttftMarr ■ctvnv, ChuDitb in ivJnC vxivui lt< nurtnnirL lodocil, faLu idiM 

t " PflppT " ***'■ woum have uld, 

t Yet by hU ItvUd^ w iin< Ird to Iw3^?v* that l^uraat'^ nUvml' 
«ICV «■ Vvrd Riiawll in h» Wl mofnHito w ii detvrnunvd v^ nf miV 
o^Hmcm* fTVU<l*hlp ^fmkhiff uf hn oaiuuu UailJiv nf Jirrviftu-ood, 
«b tTH uiijirikLipi-d u( ilm lAUiv Imiv, Iju 41*,^" I •!«< lit hii iti> 
■Inr. BVBit Urn kwkt Ibr bU fotm^umvol, br wbbb I wm thrvueiiir^l 
wUi m fvwra. 1 iftld 1 w»* hU adaivl kliLmui ia Uh^ pljuif^ nix] vkia 
WW enlf in do » t wvni'l bo itrnv hjr- fnmi kIuiI I TiiHiid wiKiiijf ilh< 
ioM^ 1 4]aWt«d Ibv Inn of I#onl Ifu^vll'* frii>ndik" Tbv Puliu^f iuu\ 
wmaagh ta du, Il wmU kmii, u» qolct hit dwb fdUik 



tlie Hk«, for I tbSuk he will belu^ve mr? I nsk im 
rxfH'Cl iiDtliiitg but i>n]y t<i irtami rhrar in M'* AI^^V] 
thottghu ; for prcfcrnifut, 1 urn rrf/olrni against H 
i/to t toft/ii obfatK fi;f bill f U*^ iiui tu bv oiure^ 
undi-r burd tlioughbt, i^Afieciuily ciiucc in aJ] thin iIiaco* 
very ihcro liiu not bccD eo much orca^^ion to name ■!• 
fts to i^ivf a riAi' for a m.'jirch, and Uie frJend^lilp f bad 
ivitb tlt«»c tivo^t ait<i tbcir cxiufidi^iicviiL mc iu all other 
tbhigK, irmy nbow that tbc-y know I wiMt «/tt fo btf apoke 
to in aft^ ihiitg ugaiast mi/ duly to t/n' Kiag.^ I dw 
beg of you tbAt no diHcour^L^ may bi? Tnade of tbis, for 
it winilil Ioi)k like? u »^iu*rikin|C Tiir hiuni^whuli uitd you in 
. porticalnr know haw fctrrv that Is froia my brart ;j 

* Hoif^ 4dl eLv l^kliiip (nE> Ui^liopchtp) krpr Lis word [ Ucrv Mvlf 
Vrfiuli] hnvki H|i|»1ifS^ till" <'pith<<li< hy wfiirh ti<i liryrd TiidfE^thiili) Hun 

t HhWH Hut I(ai4oll- 

4 bui we tW lilhiory of hb ovm TbntT '' bml Rmex, tj^unj; 
tltti tiiEiiilry, t WLint Up IiUii Iv >*um blni i>f thu Jwifpir I fuanjil Lur4i 

iiii'ii. Ill' ih^-urli^l mt from all my ci]iprelii'iiiii>ni» an^l ri>M mt I m^Khtj 
ili<|iiini1 on ir l,i»rj Kiiuvl wouJ'l \v! in fiotlii^iff i«-i(huu1 iii^i|ii(LjiiTiri^ tiiii],] 

fAm^' kf/f lArri •Tifuitt br /iitat. J bLu^^b »iil>) (}ia( 'fflitci ihv iMut orilio 
«'iiiiTiluH<in h-u* hE( w-k lit li> Iw uv[jrf urvvtl, llu'u I (hoti|Ebf iiul^ocl»iiii|fhl 
deferMl ihcfn»eLvL!A ; tiul 1 thought ji-almuiu* nhil l^'iir^ and pJirticular 
■RVinf iiijii:«tiri< ivkMliI mit wurmril tliih lli< dli! rtj^fvL- wirit m*i tii rJlih I 
hr rhmitE^T t1>f< ohlif^nn ttiHtwnon phnr^inrid q(}1>ji-c^l vni> u at|iwllj mo* 
tna\. Uh^i, i'|»ik n biwp '1 •"> 11"^ nnii idHr, tlif <illt«r vmi irtn' i bi^l fhmwb 
htf UiupL^Lc tbu luTv ii^^riwllcu 111 LoriLlL»i!, uiiik tUt tikiF EliiiE «Q« <li ivi'u 4I 
bf ivdiil 1-fI chcm at liliftLy tij Innk iu UtumhuhA'a. yw Im txiufvisvd 
ihiit^M (ri-rr nrj/ '|/Je mflN^A yrE.AnJ lliai DJi llUaid, iimj il]'iniUUi^tfd,rljh| 
ing irautti Af aurmitt. I Wh» iliuii ^xiwiy lulll>^ fnini Hririufc my Hisbiiy 
ft thit Kutuiinatiopr. Aitil 'Liii to dvitlpiirly hn# Ihiif thn filrii^^lf fnr ].Actf 
Juiv ^'mVf '■nil W'vii.1'* rihiiiu* »>■> lEuil nhlcli fltrcw Ifti;* iinliun ttnfiiiv]tM\ 
iy hito Pcppvry Bn^i'|f l.^twHicl't i!ii}^ tlint X -mt vtiw rnfutppr^i 
hrrunt *if' ilut i \wf\Av' thai 1 itiMuglil it vn* j^rl •<^/op^k■/."— Vnl, iL 
|i. Iftcf. ti nnH^iTH (Wnii tUU HJiil othvr pMM^v* lU'bia JlUUJry tbnC Jha^i 
net woa coniciiltnl* 

ihcn^iirr J iinvl not beg of yoni, nor of my Loi'd Hall- 
f«Jt, to jkjd;;e luijfbi of ihh ttietoia^ ; but if yva nui 
maJke the King think weff <tfU. nnd &a^ nMhtng qf ii, 
it will bt tbir givjitivtkyndnci&youciin pn^f-ibly doo ine. 
I would linvc clonp ihi% )iOoiicr, but It might b;ive lookt 
IHce fcsr or guilt, eo 1 forbore Mthrrto, but now I 
tbo«ight it Tit <o doe it I diooBe ratlier to wrile it 
IbflD sAjrit.buib timtyuit iniRht have il untlcrmy hnnd. 
that you may xcv how tint^ert 1 urn io it, ok aJ?4i:i iKvitii^iT 
I mm ROW «o ovYTchnrgfd wiib mclnncholy thnt I cau 
•carat endure any company, ftud for two nigbt& bave 
DOl bwn iMe to sleep an liooi' One lliiii^you muy.jw 
yon tliiuk fit, U;ll ttn- Kiii^. tlmt tbo' 1 mil Urn inmn- 
^M|cnl>Ic to think I can over itttrvc him while f am aJive^ 
^^t I liopr I fibnll Ih' nhlr In dot' il to ^ouic jmrptMe lifter 
lamdead: tliis ^ou understand, and 1 will doe it wilk 
Ktai :* so. ray dear fri«ud, pity your poor raeluncUoIy 
fmnd, wbo wax ttcver m hU wtiul^ life uudt-r so dc^p 
ao affliction, for I think I nhni) m-wr enjoy mynolfe 
after il. Olid (iod knowM denlb would hv now v^ry welU 

tone to me ;t ^'^ *^^^ ^^^*^ "*^^ "^^^ ^*^'^ ^"^^^^ time, for 
I CBlinot bear any ^umpmiy, only [ ^i- ofl to my Lndy 
EiPT iukI wtfi*p with bi-r; nttd iiiik'inl tlut King'*- car- 
riage to bcr bm been so grraf and troriftif^ that it ra« 
ner^r he too much admired, and I am Jture, if ever I 
/w to /fnhh trhfU you know I am abottt. it and aU 
tkt other ^jood things I ctm th'mk <if'thuU md icarU aii 

* TUitad thu camel uUiiiif iMri|{iq|ili <i1 (hr lutt^r n])uilf<« To E.liu UU- 
Mry vf Ui own 'Hiup, w^ik'li bv w** Uivu winiviug- Whun, hitwvv^, 
Iks paMfceaVM VDtfc ««w tlw lighl, thtv* HppnJvil Ibu tin»\ villrinont 
chMMBT of Ctariea U- It ni pOHibLc to diw- fiut tho chumctor of 
OaiIm L,flna in that wurk. d ifa* moM dtafmcc ful ro l^umoi; ^wifl 
IVCW ypm It, ■• nirt onp i^ihl i^uiilltf numid !'* 

f Thive nn, IwnrcvoT, two wnk^lhy vH^re* mnd ■ bl*hnprir« fvi in 
la aof " pou pnclAmTifily tiiaaA 

VOL, t. B 



the Hght I con gite thrm. AdiEU, my dc«r Tricntl, 
niiil kvv\t tliiH UA a wiiMtfSse ttfftiirt-ft vie if 2 ftcrjait in 
ikc pci^ormaHCi! of it. 1 aw, you kuuu', with all i\K 
seal and AdelJly |>06i}Ibte, your niiuit Initltful and uiuvt^ 
humble St^rvaDl."* 

" fl BURVBT/ 

Buruiet'& abject letter did not succc^- He waa d 
gracvA. mu\ uldl^d tn go abroad. Hr lH.s^niriL* the in 
active agent ot' llic RevoJutioii, aij<l obtained a ml 
tVoin KSu^ VVillirLrn, Lord Uurimoiith siiys, *' Mr 8<v 
cratary Jolin&toD, who was hh jntirnato friend nod lu^or 
relation^ told inp, Ihnt, ofler n dclwito in tho House of 
IfiirtU, he (Burutft) uHuallv wtiit huiiii-, and allrrrd 
every body's charu^tt^r, aa tht^y had pl^^ased or displcasod 
hSm that day." Tliin n-mark hns bwu rmisidrred eu- 
lutiinioua. but something worse is proved against Bur- 
net by hia own lettur- 111 hiiT^ Lift, |jrL'riXi'd to iIil- H\*» 
tory of hiftown Tlm^Jt U Kaid»'' His behaviour iit th* 
trial of the Lord Rub~H4r|], iLiHutteitdanceonhiiii inprboD, 
and afterwards upon the scalTbId, the^jinmiitation huiiii- 
dcrwtm before the council, in relation to that Lurd'« 
dying speech, and the hoUlru-JiA with whicli hv there 
undertook to viudiealo his memory, u alito ttie indig- 
uation tbt; court expreai^ed against him ujmn that occu* 
eioii, ar« all^% setjorth m tke hUtor^r Dul it la int. 
possible to credit that hisf^ry, in 8iteh matFerSi after 
reading ihw above Letter, wbieb, bt il oKserved, wun to 
btf madti kDOwu to tbc Kinjr. Wh«r<^ had Bumct 
miraculounly found the [courage which* as tho danger 
thick4*ucd around him, made hhn so collected And dar* 
in|r> bcforr that very Kiug and hia Cuundl, a£ to en* 



rage tbeni lU? ** IjorH Haitfax (he SAys) sent me 
wofd lluit Uie Dukr li)(7l(t-d t>n itiy reading tht? juurital 
ibtEcfv tbo Council) um. a lUudt^tl tilings to mnhc n pnno- 
leyric oa Lunl Rii«wirN mtinory." I^rd Halifitx, far 
wboni Uw Uriur Lad becD wHllen from our " poor mc- 
Unebotf friend"? CWv/n/ Jndtetut. And there Ib an- 
other %Uwf of wliicb ibc ab^jvo k-(tcr ullvrly drslioy* 
the credibility, Kunict, in \m History, nniTnicfi how 
be look oct^DKMii to write what he cftlbt " n vc^ry pinin 
k^tur lo the King. I set before him bis pa^t life, 
mmI ibr rlTii-'tn it bad ou the nuliun, vvilh the jud^- 
iii«i»t« of G(x1 that lay oti bini, wliicb wo-h but a uniiQ 
pan of tbc ptinjfiltmrnt tlint hi* might look fur ;'' &e- — 
a letter, id short, ofsuch coarse and fool-hftrdy philippic 
nwwi tieverwriu^n, by subject to his sovert^iftti, before 
«r Nbice. Tbui iiurnt't ever j»etti;t-d ^uch u h'ttrr, at 
iMstwitb the itttention of sending It to the King, wah 
sramty to be believed ; tljat he aclunJly gent it wii»4 ht- 
crtdible; but after perusing what he meant for ihe 
King'* ear in l(iM3, we huvt* littk^ boHiluticiu in auying 
Ibnt b]« former letter wa^ mpomibff* 

IJrfe, iheDjiii Burnet Rr^imrtut^ and nowthc Bisligp 
tuay call Moutra»tteoivard» or what lKTlike«, and |R*r* 

* llvriHt'B Mir^ in llic l-ifr rkf Ih^ Tti^hop pniAxml fft fJin Ifiniinry, 
|;W«A 1^ lri«cf , flDvnrli'itcMl In IhM hi*[ory. M full Ivn^Kh, it \% dnlvJ 

■■J a l the yfttr Il«r ll i* Tvirinrkfihl^ tbM Bumvt •«■>-•. * [ liold iho 
lUiy.lai^kUrrrthni ] hopi-iLih*.- roHicdoDi nn wliii hud bcfihUun I^Ea 
Ml llw mh df SKtn/Uf iPlgTit irjovt IkirtL ro cuniJdi?r ihtw^ tKin^ 
mfbllj." Dot ibb mitriw hTiiI Inimlmi nlUjucm |iithi« mi^rrU^r 
rIfB I. h n<^ tn hp fniinri in Ih^t JpflT \JivXi, pnuliirMl by ihr lli- 
Thkl t^fur alta.r duTv^,— ** tJr^^ <<jiij;1ntkl nF ihuMlrii* how bi 
fitftdiAw'" Wicl, (rnriv liy th^ Bui1iij|i. with a nu-murbruhim Juiw U wna 
■ml wbvn kiiil liDfi It WM rvrvivrd," furuly llitt dn^ nul 
1^ oflpE^nil arDi to i^o Khi^t JW Itumeit Id hit aatmUvi.- uf tlui 
V, Ay* tUl Ubv Kinf throw ll bUo lb ir* «Acr mvUnig ie^ 



8iiail<T tli<* world of Iiih own sii|icrrrtilrcnt inornl cou- 
ivigo. If Uc can- Fur uiir pjirl, nftirr ivuiJjii^ lliv aW-e 

net lias uttered, iu the Iii^i>r}' ot bU own Titiiv. agttiivt 
OhnricH L mid Aloiitro)K% — nnd hi* Hah t herein Knul nothii^ 
Jkb4>iit llican lliut ih mif, iiuilicMwiis- WV itonotMi^-vi- IIjhI 
the- npology tor Hamiilon, wliicli he f»a& given lo tlic 
vorld in the Memoirs of that Iiuiimc, U by uny meamao 
truthful aric^^poutiouoflbechojActer ciftljatjii5'Kti.-n<ni» 
Mitrquis. as the Ic-tti-i'v niul pajvnj entrii-ttcil to tbo Bi- 
^hopr forthc piivpmc of coinpilingthe Mcmuira, ciukbled 
blm 1(»giv(^. We fn-J thoroughly pcrsuad^^d that Bishop 
Dunitt ill that work* u» wd) uh iu Uit* Iliutory of bifc 
own Tiire, rever^t'd \h- fiM^u mnxim of Cicvro. nf 
tfmdjhUi riirt'rr umlt'tii^ «r ijuiti rrri pim nudvaf. The 
innrvelloui of hlniKclfi" nnd iho mnlicioUM of otherv, we^ 
hciKvfortfi nllog^thcr disbelieve when rrKimg on the 
ftolt iiulhority of the BihlioiJ^ historkal record, and will 
nearer lipteti lo u lull rL'liillL^l inulidi^iuiHy mid ill >^ 
eoitd'buud frutiL bim. f yianlly, h-c do l>elicve the 
truth of ihnt aiiredole, tlint the Hi^hop^ " nf^er a debate' 

* /Ix. V*' Uiirn^'T tvXls uiil ■ tvrj criHlilili' >[4irv H.if hi* fiihtut inlvr- 
vivu* 'H-iEIi Clipi-Evui It, Up vap Eliv Kiriff rv^l \i\ hi* pnBiiucv pari nt 
ibu Mvmtkin (rf rh« IlkmDion* iii M8. — vt» njni^la |>Jmhh] with tbam. 
bihl niutv with thir niitljc>r : uitUfu'ihur. rliui." iiih luciicpr^iuiunuUiuODt* 
liiHl Inalvl uIhim' mi Imur, 1 tfruk idL Uiv I'evuUi^iel wHit him EhuL I Uiciiijelil 
bei'Aiuu my pro^LMilon/^ Bumijl e<jff i-in u* ('^lliury niiiiuEifE^' whm i}ic 
KiufC •iliil to tiim. and ivjial be (iilfl lo ikc Kin^. uik^l d^itiTJbn • (Ci'fLu 
in HJiirh ni'Viir KSfifC *"* l-vwdecl \>f a hfiLilirf >uTtJctL Thi-n fultom 
TJiv ilw:il|itinn of nricath<T pnvnfr Hrtip wUh eIu' Dtikc uT Vi->rk, whom 

f £Lr- ^' Till: i<vk'4iriii-riaU iLory (vJiJ tn fwao t^nit fji-riicd from 
BuTlLvt'* colkVVtiHtiuii ut k lUuiivr f«rtyj uf CLurldB ]. hn^infi onlvnid 
\\w MHTL-t iTEDcni&iin nf Lijtiiloii, ivfiHii ill thv TuMrvr fur ilm Ivilv* u (liv 
Kmjf c>l' Fruutv. naJ h<>w UamUioii *avv*\ him Su* Ihi»«luf7 iHlo|iiod 
by Mr Umttlfr) Vi>l, ii.|i, M>— arid wvll tllWd unJvX(KiimU>y HrD'lanurli 
in lii* t j>irnniijmrit'-, Vol. W. p- Ji^. 



ill tbc llotiiM; of Lordb, uauuUy went lioRi«, gii<l iiltfri.MJ 
vrrry iMHty'w ctiAmirtcr va ihcy hud pk^nwd ni' displ^aewil 
bim thiit day,'* — ntul ihnt hr kipt «-cATinpf in stcrtt, 
till ht? (Hcd, this dirniijclc of hin tiniL-v, not to tnlrght- 
FD poaterlty, or for the cnu«c of Until, but art a mt^uiiH 
of indulging in 5flfely liis own hitLT^Mt'iI or mnlidous 
£e^Uv^ towArtb tlit- JudividuLiln tJiut |ilcnisi^i] nrofTt'Tid- 
t6 hSm. So cntidi fur Kinhop Bnmrt. whos^ autlmri- 
*y inD&i heticvforth alwiiys hv ryi'vivvtl rum rfula. 

It WB« A Smtr/i fhtiirm Uml, in tin- MVentoenth cen- 
tury, vrbm pn\ing ttic nny to nuch enormities aa thi^ 
Riurfli^rB of Charles ]. nnd Mnntrosr, h^d wielded the 
dtftitiiufM and litrcided thv fate t*f En^laniJ> The snvngr 
contempt for roj-nl anthorily, lb<r arii of popular ngi- 
tstion, the fqiirit uj^ pr'i'M-c^u till n. tliut inulantlygprniigup 
to dear tltv path for democracy, these chAractenstlcB of 
the (umulttt uiid iuHurrc^tlon of Scotland in the yt^unt 
1637. 1638, anil l6:i3. all extended to Eiijclund. where 
tlic purJUuiH-iil fjvcticju weiv ri.'[icly to ulupt the Ic890nir, 
ud «^vr to prolit hy the active cv*oprrnti(?n of instruc* 
tor» they othenri»c dotpUed. Clothed with the lun- 
ipuige of loyalty iirul pnti'ioti^n* aiid ndvAiii-tn^ ntider 
cover of '* Religion and Libvrtie{i>" the determined be- 
9ic^tT9 of tnonnn:hieitl ^oVLrnmeiit, worked np from 
ScoUimd to ibe throne itself. *' Wts declai'e before Gad 
and IDOU." ftaid thp impious contrlveis of the Covtnnnt« 
**wededure before Oud ;iijd iiiuii, thut ue hctve no in- 
Ualioi) nor ck«re to attempt atty thing that may turn 
to llir dhihononr of ikH\t or in the tlrmtHutinn of ihc 
King's i^nrutoew and authority*'* — nnd forthwith the 


as the prime: ii)ini?4tcr uftlii; ('nvrnnht, cuUnrliitg 
the d^ote^l mottorcb the totlfi ot tbc grcnt lUbcllioit^ 
aeeutiii^, »ot afar off, his blood in the HIckmI <if Straf- 
ford, aud IiumUjlk like a Aaia|{tr, for ibi; rvwanli that 
werr to ^tintc th« inulUv mid the avoricr i^f ScuiloDil.* 
Ttw hUtod of StrnHivrd nnd of Land, Iht* CK'nevcwi Imd- 
ii«T plaCLt'^d Id EnghnH, llic murdrr of lh<* Kin|f. the 
diiaiiiiatiou of u usurper, wt^ru th(- friiita of the Cov 

Y«i how rnrnti is thr origin of tlint rvrotiidoii 
fiicUoii ill Scoliund, and )iu\f- falladoUi thon Tww* 
■ it that repnM'Ot its kadcr^ in bdrigbt T^^f, of hol^ 
nnd tH>^''>"tit' ^i^tiU ii^ainKt the tyrannical ^nonbSttot 
of the monarch ! L^ us examine the feedn From 
which ilic Kcnttiflh iNtmcno^one sprung intn that n% 
Tolutiun which Lua been caUed " uur M-t^ond and ^\o- 
lioiM Itcformation iu 1638» when this church vrsm n^in 
ac^ttled u|)on hvr oicn btutf, luid the right« Hho claimcil 
from thti liiii« of the Reformation urertr nr^torvd, 8u that 
»ht- iK-'cnniu fair as IIjc Itioori, ricar ns tht- aun, Hiid trr- 
riblo nn AU nrroy with bBiiner^rf Waii Chnrhs J. n-nl- 
ly an oppressor nmid rcligiouely and patrioticalJy dis- 
pond chirfh ytf S<-ottarid ? ?hlust w<.^ iiidt'L-fl concrde to 
this HiKtorii^rapher for Scotland that the monarch wuM 
Worthyofthrdrntlihrdirdyt And VFiHu-crlii^ci^TfrJiltbt 
impmuitrabic mhx* of faction thhtsuiTuuiidL'd liipilhn>iio 

■ Arc-hi!inl<1 JuhmtJiii, "f whnm nnnn, 

t Ww&int'n iittro<l>i*^Ui<n. p. ?. Th'm liiituriuu of lliv (IjurcbofScD^ 
IbtuI villa, toEucwIwt iij tiiv lAyht of Ih* Rw, Ra1>PT( hniUiv'i conTTW' 
ilifji-jry viiE^rMM,-^" ii i> Emnl Ii> inunj^£« ti full cup. iiQil I tLuIt mil ink* 
iip»n lav I'l iliffunil tfVi.<r^'«lv|i in ihac happy (lurkiU,"^ ThuE bv«k ^lui re> 
MtTi«1 6ir Ur BruilKwIuf Iiam fiiiilr-Aly lnilil[>iil if. 

t " Wtf diffiif triim Mr Rrrnlip fuifi ihe A"ifti^-Nr^A /7i<inB i»f Murxii 
1!<^,J iM I'l TiLri-ny ipf lhi> fiii^nnMrt-* c»r rlic tVrtijLiEi^nl 'luHu^ lliw war-^ 

vi!aL(h niitl (lii> UniK tViluunuiit-" 


TrocD ihe fint moitMDt of bis rci^> and tho Abandoned 
tmchrry ifiJtT Hnggcd hJn prrson through life, no ex* 

for (hti H'on>l ate(J6 of liia |>olic)' in Ihe f^veiii- 

of HcuUuiid ? 

" King JanMfi being d^nd (s&vti Lon] Napier) and Lis 
son KiDf( Cluirit'^ ciictiMrdiiig to Iiiiti in }iis ktuKiloinr 
and to hu Wrlues loo,— allhougli wilh some w^ujt of vx- 
prticiuv, irhidi » only ji;ot with time^ all the turbulent 
ami 4&ftcoiitirt)teil hiimoiiis uf tlip former lifiie wire up, 
«i f» nmal in thcs^^ p-cnt transitions, and plied hJs Ma- 
Janly iniA-^aauUy with :i<:L'UHutinns> personal aBserliuns, 
Qcw prujccta,and ioform^tioniofabnaea. Andlnily th^re 
waiiloil not TWiTtiT, ntid ihrir eridi^avours hft<l dowi'ved 
pr^^'»Wt i( 'picffn (o r/tc persons f^' tiit^n, and their own 
/vtmfr intfretU bad not givtu life uud inotiou lo their 
prucmlitigK, mthr-T thaDthrMervirccif the KJngnnd the 
good <>f the rtfitc. Then was there nothing \y\Mj'acfions^ 
aad factious ron^ultationa, of the one, to hold thai pJai-e 
aikd power tli^x poaaesaed beforei^-of the other, to wrcat 
H out uf their liandn, uitd to invest iheinselvfji ; nnd no 
dream or phaataa)' of innnvntLou canto in ojiy body's 
liaad, but prmenlly he durst vent it to the King ; and 
sUJl thm most ignorant were boldeaL Neithtir wunti^l 
there aome hooeat and wi»i; men who j^avc their adrico 
out nf mr-rr nlTiVtion to his MajrHty and tfir pnldic ; but 
vrantiiig tluit boid forATardnefiSr and factious as^JttinK-e, 
Thtcfa the other had iu prosecuting of their private eiidSi 
HID K'*^^ h^\d wuH tnkcn of thvin/'* 

CharW« not yet crowned King of Scotland, rcceivwi 
■oiMlry mysterious hints, that, if he did not conduct 

■ Lai4 K^iwr*» ViS^ lUtlhtion^ Aw Kohr Jil Ihir onil of ibu voliimi!^ 
im m BeaMnt ttX thb noMemmiV rnnnrTlnn with ihr rimrt 


bim«ptf in a niJinn(.-r th^i ^cmeil fully toroco^uUc thi 

be btMl»w<Hi >toinewhcre eW; aiid inoAt luixious w 
Chnrk'h t't nvtiiil tht? jmpiiUiUoi) of inU-TidJ^i^ tu " 
duce Scotland lo a province.^' Thus xha aflaira i>rtbj 
cuuiilry bec-ami.' to him a Hf|Hirf>tr burden uf a diflicull 
-nrid irknumu nature- For hits privy-council of Knglaiid 
were not fLilfV-red to bi? cogtiUutit of the aifnirs of the 
other kiT]i>dom, which tlitr Kihg manogodi ihraufcb 
(he rvportft of hib privy-council th^rcf, wUh tbc aid 
(if uid it ccinid liv viilk-ilk of his Hcutch furuuriti 
or «tich of th« couiictJ ns be AummoniNl from ScolUi 
for flptvTial roUHiillatinn. Indeed ul tbin time tbere ai 
peared lo be no coLinexion or aympatby Lrinixt lUi 
klnffdomsH The En^flSsh iiatiou, wt- an? informed 
Cl^rrjidoTi, kriL'v^- itnil cured letsci about Si'citlniid thai 
Ibey did about Po!an<l or Germany ;— " no luau ever id' 
rjnired %i<bat wm doiJig in 8ootbind, nor had thnt kinj 
doni u place or nientjou iii oiie |>4ge of any G^ixette.'' 
Knt it wttK not thi- privilege cif Clinrirs to be abh; 10 
forgtt bi^ ancient indepL^ndi-iit kingdom ; and eertaiiil3^^| 
bis attention to the affairs of Scotland was kept alive 
in a niuntier nioul di9a|{re<.'able lo hiniiielf, and niohtdls- 
crcdilablr to bih Jiutive country. Ltird ^3npjcr, i Privy* 
councillor, and TreflsnTer-Defnite, undei' the Earl of 
Uar. wFio bc^ld the whit^ stalT, ineutionb in hJh Krta- 
tion. tbat Mar wan not free from that storm of faction, 
the ijrt^al fibject of wbicJi was to wrest pkre and poiTOT 
from each other, " but wae cbarj^ hoine by bis en^ 
micH with some abuses. In the Kind's presence, wliicb 
ibvywi^re not well able to makcjippear ; tJicrefore, ibere, 
was £1 genilenian directed lo inc, desiring me lo giv( 
tbeni Enleiligenee upon what points nty Lord might b^j 
charged ; with asuuiance froin them that it should neve: 


br known, aniJtirfiin: F should iJc^rlari'nny Thing in that 

land, I thould have aMuruic«> from tho Kipf^'s uwn 

monitb, and my Lord of Btiekln^rhain^orthe whliL' ^tatf! 

Tbia I fbli)' rd^utwJ, us un uIHl-c viiiwurlhy ufn gcuUc- 

■Mn, and told him thnt t diKdnincd nny honour tbftt 

nhoukl lieflcquirtrd by w>dishQriourable nicAiiD ji^ainatti 

maatiuit w8sint«Tm«<^fuutu'ar(1 Tn^TiOflliip withnie^ul' 

ttlotlf^lkDewliehAdiiufrit'iidly inU^ntiutiH townrdu inu ; 

but f H'uvcviLrtquilcd.andit muytit buouuM: tfajh mntiou 

made to me, and my rrtiii^nl, camt nrvrr in his rnra/* 

Thr boblmiuD who toiild iidki^ fluch a reply iti tljo«<* 

dny»< »ns nvirch t<>0 hone&t lo be suffered to Jiohl a plat-c 

in tbv Kiu|c'» uflVclioiu, or a tuniI in Scuttinb L^itfuiciJit ; 

aod, accordingly, f trcnuous cxcrtiona were mndo to ruin 

l^rtl NA|iM*r, who had offfTidi-d in rjthpr ivspcrfj^, '* (If 

ibc coMilubsion of tho tithea (he buyn) I had ihe hoiiuur 

to be one, and according to tny duty and powir did ad* 

vancv hi> MnJ««ty « jiwt nnd gniciouft purpO[ii;> Tbi*, 

mnd tny lni<*grity in the King'* father'** time, logriher 

wiUi tbe liik' of Lurd, hiu MaJi>Bty's ftrst fflvour in that 

kiiid to m ScottuJi man, and a Icuie nf Orkitey bcvtow* 

cd upon mc, did «o mnch olfrnd ibc chief tttatc«m(-n, 

who v^Tiv the greatest Id nd-n 1081^:^8 ilIno, ^iiid, by n 

^t¥r/»iiAMj(i-enVy,*TueinbvrAof tbiHcommlmiion, Ihat in 

llidr prirtttr nrf-edn^s thvy cnnciuded my overthrow ; 

whtffof I got pnvnte iut4:-l]igonci% hut did no whit 

■wrrw from my duty for that, Thoy sot on Mr Dnvid 

FuUarlusit a BfceJvcr, a yumi^ man tif liuk- wit, lu Uis- 

peivecalumnicM agaiuRt mein tbecourt, totry how they 

would be reeeivird or Kerondi*d ; whoni 1 bruu^dil hefure 

* P»MB Chultn IruuwLf vrv U-mrti ihfti il Wb iiiMk fhv v\vw ;if r^i>ii. 
difalS ajn fiaini«h ^ri tti* Iwnrrnknlfliwiicn, lJuilliv<li<lii'->1 <iiiiit ihu Lonla 
•r riw vnrtkni, hhI lalrk ]>iitr'>n>. in tli^ ranntiii^on qf iiim'U<K<i«- 



llw K^ng, in pivwncr of the Lords of Kxchcqiur, und 
vboe« aiisurers wvn to poor* and exciiees so frivubiugi, 
ai made tttn ihoae present, who ttet him on, to be 

The ftb»?nce of every principle of honour nnd hon«- 
ty, arnung the leading Scutch tiiuliuz^iHt-H who besot iht\ 
KiTij?. is further illustrated by the fullowmir very cxm- 
oils seene, and hy-plny of SttJiiisli couneil* in KngUnt), 
wliich rariDol bt^ ^iveii more f^raphieoJIy tlmn in Lord 
Napier's own wortls : "Sir Alexander 8(rnchan and 
HOTTie ulbttrs, bis pnrtnerHt (of whonk the SecrvUry* wha 
one. for nothiu^ pnase^I whereon he whs not a sbarcr, J 
niirl then nothing was ho hurirut to the Kin}; or coiin* 
try which wus not ddivercd under thctitJe oi good ser- 
rict,) hnd projeeled to the King ^*nt profit lo arise out ^m 
of the w^8 of mstrrjage mid uoueQtriefi, whjeh, bein^ ^M 
mo*t peniieious to his majesty and the besit of hi* nub- 
jeets, I mainly opposed hi^ re in Seo1]and,.ind with inueli 
ado |(E>t the passtJig of ii delnyed (so strongly had they 
mnde their parly in our exvheijner) till it should be 
debuted before the King, who had sent for nil bi« olli- 
cinr« to court, tn have tln'ir opinion concerning the 
business of Ihv tithch. These and such J[ke nirttlera 
iiicreaaed tfaclr spleen agRinst mc, wbo still upon all oc< 

• ThI* iJWSir WillUra AlMandurof Mfliiiitric,nvni/"iJ i;orl (if ^irliuif 
by Clivlir* t,, uidLijk-brutiMllxrthat ik povf And (t eotirllsr- "Hv tnvtfll^ 
tbruLijili Itikty mid Pmuiv with hit httrd tuperlur ihu HafI of Atf^lf^ 
uhcrv bii BitJiliivHl li> tti^ FiVL»ih timj JmlUii t»nGu», JEc got grwt 
r}jiri|^ from hlr- Mi^i'uty. Ddctpcotulljiihhcny u*crv[itcbhuDdrL.i| KLdbk- 
men kiii^fLEA^lwrnnir, fdf \ovn A-nrlfl,! fr*nfl i"vi*ry inn- ofwhcmi hp ^nt 
L.lfUU ^trrlJUff, ir lKi<ri4tj'; n Iib(«r1y to caiu bat* ninnoy, hir nndcr Um 

kliLE<iJ»(]L^ it uiui'li IJEiiip liH iHEilt Ilia ^ri-jiC lirdKiiiK in SUtlSn||, hdJ pal 
on ibv tfulu Ihctfvof 'Vr murr, ptr frfraf, itliivh ii mi>fry wmu chaogod, 
T^n- mttrf.pof imrnfftt, namulutf tliat b» lucl ntinUiul lo LU ovtitii hy 



nuion^ continut'd my woulvd tvectiam to gtvc Eidvite 
without n^H'ct i>f niiy tJiirifr clstr but the public gond- 
Tbe mut jiari of ray ciK-mitc h«iig pteaeliL at cruuL'U 
frll a »nsiilti[if!^, unil pJotliii^ my overOirciw, \vhii.'ii 
&oro tbii time furth they so eagerly proei<ciUvd> thuL 
ibcy forgot cfiHEici^tcc-, Itoncnir, tht4r own quftlltic^i ftufl 
th^ pLoces they p<»sc«««l- And thih wny thoy went to 
worki Th«-y made Sir Alexander 8tJ'n<lmu wiikcii liiv 
project for Oie wnrdi^, And procura from Ihu King n 
beviDg of the cxditM^ucr, kuowiug wc-tl ttint 1 would 
dppov it, to JiiiTiinc him ^Htrntrhan) ngnjn^t mCt Eind to 
move liiiu to t« my accilier u]joii tlirir furjjitT inWuio- 
lion; fttnnti.M much as J. hated by thLmi^espcci^tJIy by 
Uir cbuiicell«r,* wboiti be biul acrua^d the ycnr before of 
bribery, to hi" face Ixrfbrc th^ King, wbifb be pivHtifHl ai> 
hsnl npoR Mm, ihnt, to nnve his n-puialiuM and bis 
ptsLT. Jainnt Duu^Jn^ideputy-becrt'lury. — a lunn religU 
4>iis and buncM, but tcK>, itio pimpltr, who bar<]ly could 
be* induced (otnkc Uk' ordinary Iiviicfit of liis place, — watt 
penuaded lo Utke thi^ fault upoit him, and tboitby lofit 
hb pfiicff. 8ir Ali-saudcr pertrelvin^ thdr drift and 
aplocn ]^mLt iiw, made \m advantn|{uol' it, prorrmiug^ 
If lie might barf' it coinmtKtinu to ImagiQconcealtueiitA 
oiniAaioofi o( ihe trcai^uiy, (whicb be jiftL-nvurdH 

to hiH grvut profit,) he should hmt- icmtlcr euongb 
liijst mvf mi6 woidd churge tne. V^'ho[l the excbe* 
^urr nwi, I opfKifvd Sir Alex<^ndtr> project for Lbt* 
wards, anil found no rcvti^tonco* but excu^bg himseif, 
Ui«t be tlioitghl jl WAA for the good of tiic Kiug and 
'bt!OL-fit of bin Hubjvct*. and if it wtrc found not so, be 
^vcmld willingly rrliiupEish his suir, but said ^ritbnl 1nc< 

ling totbc plot) chat the King's proBl watt neglected 
by tbeoSiciuJrs, and that lie wouM give tu'ciity tiiousand 


poDods for tbe omlt^iona ot tfie Ireaaury, if he mlKlit 
hMve coininU«iou to brin^ tlictn in ; a> indeed there wsa 
vumcthifig ta thnt kind through do fnult of min^. I 
answered, that there were flome omisAioua, which was 
not altogetlier my Lord trensurer'u fiiult or mim?, but 
partly theirs who tterv«U bt-frfre u.h, .lad that we intiTnd- 
(?(I to hririg ih<Mn in : ndt?icr wnu th^rp Knch pcrfcc-tioii 
umoit^ jNi'ij til mnit nothirig ; auit IW my pnri, f wouhi 
Dot ouly Dot oppoae hho, but be a m^^ans to iDOve tJi« 
KIrjjf l» ^nuit him ummninHioi}, and nirqit Iht* mndr* 
lion ; but that he had not done nmiss to have JDform- 
(■d iho offidnvB of thew <-oncenIm*.nt&, who would have 
bad a eare to see hiti jmjim reeonipeust-d : whi<rt*ii» now 
this offer of liia waa of the rtature of an acauation aod 
iiiijjLitjitiun to us. Those who were of tho pnrty, fear- 
ing th;it ] woulil hold him to hi» word, and eof^a^hiiit, 
hroiigfit him off with this motion, that he ahotilU luit-e 
thecomMjiH;«ion>aiid of whatftbould be thereby bro^ight 
in, tlic- King lr> hiivL> the fuio-half, iind Kir Alexander 
the irthor ; to whjch they all juwiriitei) but luy^^-lf. (xeho 
now bcgnn to smell the drift of il.) and the Bixhop of 
Koaa, * whose oiiinlou was, thui the uHi ci utm xhouM 
brjiig in these omissions* and Sir AiexandiT be ixjruj- 
ilered for the discovery. The report was made to the 
Kmg, by the chaneelior mid secretary, that Sir Alcx- 
ftDder'fl pniject of the words was disallowed, but thai 
he hud undertaken to bring into his MjijeMy's jfreat 
prijtit out of con(.'fTa]meiits> on excclieut |>H'Ce of &vi'vi*ie, 
nnd that itonc of the number was against it but I, 
for my <iwn euda. The eommiabjuu wun drawn up id 

* Palfick LLnJuf. Bia^ngj orKou froiu lOIJ lo 163^, wIjvo Iiv hw 
tnufllklvd tv tb«i ArcliltpjiUi'ifpul *vr tii ti]ji>ij(tiw, Ifa 1v)l il vktitn to 
cyvriuuxii^i ($w*.s-ijTi(fn< uirl -ik*ri in Hill, tiijckr ihc trcomMutmc^iiiiM 



l^rvat liasU, and tJgiieJ, nnd wss la bv evrit dtiwn to 
8c«itTjin<l Co be mWrlbcd by the liynsiii-er, ami pant 
tiic ACuiB, wbewof they were utsured feiinv it tciidoii to 
my hurt. How soon I luuU^rsiooil the same, I tolj his 
M^«8ty tliat the ctiminiiKiiioEi was sending Awuy, aiul J 
lijiO never bmii it, thnt ofttim^s spociuus pretexts were 
iniulr for hift beneliU fli"l Hof hrng infendtxl but the gmn 
of thr |irojuc(cin^ Wlt(?rcuiK>]] the Kin^; ralk-il lo Tiim 
Wr MauU, cotnmnnrling the sccrccary by biin to Jet 
nte pmuw th^ roNnni^'^imi Hcrtiro il wettt, wliich Mr 
Maukl tliJ, bul for flit that I coiil*i ncv^r come to *;ee 
It- B[it a tn(.'<-Hiig iveiitg fur tlu? lithe?! brfL>rj^ (he King, 
tb«y brought in mctition of that commissJoD, The 
cfaaocfllor wid» it was a grent pirrr of service, arul the 
^fcntlritkuji bad d«erved well. I ujiHwi-rei], that will bt^ 
best koouTB after the pi-rformance ; for me. I thought it 
might prow no luo, but tUnt I thtm^ht tit tljnt the word 

'inYvr/ntra/# might he defined mid explnineil ; for tlic 
KingH leDAiits ill some ill yenrn wc*re not Mv to (Kiy 
(it may be) at the precise lime, yet the ebaiiiberlaiuB 
would liriiig Ihem rn at another time when the len^tritH 
LWers Able. If time, tir of the tike iifilure M'hit-lt wen- 

lova and in ch^rgir in exthcc^ucrr were cnllcd con- 
CtcaJoirJits or oniiiw inns the ^i^g xh»ijld Ion.' the half 
ibAt rent, and give fee^ iinncreFuinHly for that part of 
liie rvnt to <:liaiiiberI:iinB ni^d htewarils. * Dut. Sir/ nuid 
I, ' whatever in in that eommi^aion is unknoi^n to nte, 
tor I never yet *av it, not^tlie-leHd of yonr Miij<Hty'« 
cocnmand/ At whieli the King wm angry, nnd looked 
ttertilyupou tile sccrctflry. But the ehnnrellor, — whnne 
inrr wiui to intermpl «ll men, when he woft dinpob- 
cd to apeak, And the King iou» — tlid fall u|K)n aggravai* 
[Jug thnte Dml^t^ions ko far thnt ibe Moj^uih of Haniil- 
tofi Niid.^ 

BAtfiLTOK. " My Lord, how cnn there be sucJi 
Beg1<*rt B^ yon «]ionlf of, siniw I ki^nw they had atiDon 
put my uiutler * U; tbi? boni ftjr forty eJiilliugs ^cvtci ? 

*' Wliureut tilt- Kin|^ Mii;iled, Mid, Ti%mg up, nuld to 
Sir AlmtfiiHJtT StnwhnH, — 

Tjii: Kino. " Von have snid lo me that th^f ar^ 
many omlsalotifl ami faults, nnd tlj»lyi>u witUlo mt^goud 
service. You thali bure tbc conuniotiiin]. but, if yua be 
not nn ^fttl a* your word, I tthnll find n fnult eonic\^'here. 

'* Ail tbja while my I<<in] KrHkiup, t tjie trcaeurctr's 
•on, ttiood by mule, as tf ihe matter had na way con- 
ciimcd bis iutber, fur the i.'hurjeell»r had l)]i>L-kL-d ii]> liJa 
moutb, by a promise that not hi» ffllbcr, but I only 
should l>e charged ivith thej^ fimiKslonni iiTid thni h« 
filiuuld be fitn! (i-iMU nay audi imputaUou ; whieb be 
perroniieil, ^iiyliig hv wng ji uoblomnn now In age. and 
CDuld not tidfc vure of tbe Kiu^V uUaira, uurhis uwii, 
but nil was myfntdt, exrusing him bo, to hi* di&advnn* 
Iflgi-, from |>aftiL-ular omiK«Lon> by di>nbling hiui t>f the 
coxv of all. When we eame from the KJn^, tbt chan- 
cellor tuldSir W&flkiii Hulfoiirj how uuK-b be had been 

* 111* iiitpllitr, ■ ilni^K^iTkir nf tim V.\trl at IJlcnrvirTin iviu thr ccli'IiqS 
ad Inuiin oftb^ Fl-iiiilI^ ^^Lianiii-mililfinE uf Hctiilvitt, whu ^■uiD»ai.iHl 
tliV liujiulu fe^^l tliD Strs'k'v lluok. 

f Joliu I.ttn! Rr-ktm*» aftiTwurilii Bi/litL Enri of Mnr, WhuD lAin 
wa4 irrkten Lurd Kniiioi knew nn( Iho iiiivnviJiiE f'*^ ^1"^^ wvTv lo 
unlfd ibu IbiuULn, Liuly EIJiAbetL linkbifv clJiuffhl«r uf Ibit Eart, bc- 
otnicthF wUl-'tf Ni»pUT'mJ<li'3il •uxi, vrhv wu ihi' u^^jlirw olMunUujf^ 
nnrl hin rUiu-i^it rnm^tqnmn in vmipt, — urn! thl* Uiity if wim lew h'litmi thn 
bf«f1o1 MinlTkiH' itTbii ii'ili^n ^ twiifn iiiKLit'thr j^Tlatn'l wLc4rt hi< Irimk in* 

o/d^D Towbrh * ^irWLlHuni DfriroLirtunk uMwitly pnrt iviih tkv Pwlii^ 
mmr^ b-aluiihty rvnilcml iliu onjidviiy of $;ntford tncxonMy wwr^ 
■ml ffifiiit«L ibc mnni cimiPildi^ruUlir bdbu uvur ulbred lu a i^uvitfttur tu 
AHintvd M tho otfAjH? uf* 'AMc initonifr llflvljkg thiiv maailMtttil bim- 
w*]f Fn btr wurtliy i^ftho i>itlIjJi!Iici.> of ll)i7 piu'lyi he hcwm nflc nf ihftr 
■bkit comnibiki-lLTii, u]i*i|i lof liflil l^c Hilj&fnrdon oi' piicoqdI^H^ hlA 



Biy frieoO, although I Und tnov^ the King to Lakt? Ork* 
nry from him lo get n trnMi- of [| mysi-If. I deftireU Sir 
William ia (l-11 him thai he had t-xprest hiitLaiir my 
eucmy, and thnt I knt-'w uuthing of Orkiieytill he fold 
U ine hiinsclf And witftull tell him {ehU] J) [bat J 
vnm nervf so 111 n 8<'rv;tnt to my msuter, as lo adt'lse 
bim to g)V4.' Ilnrt4vii thiuiHniid |Kmod^ StrrJIn^ fur rc^. 
iiMiodtig bit f^aut of Orkney, for tU« which he would 
gJadly hAve tttkeo fi«'i- thotiHaiiU pimnds Sterling, an tlic-y 
rail teJI whom be emtdoycJ to procure iL 

" After ihi^ my p4Tj4i*rutnr,s fhangeil thoir mJnd,nnd 
ihinkinjc it ttt that my UAine abouk] be lo Uie ujimrjiK- 
IJOD* vrbo opposed it, to make it the more cncctiml 
pgflln«t mysvJf, the? acrrroUry Uvlire-rrd mo n commnitd 
frun tfa« King to (iiWribe it. To wbiuh I tuplyvd, 
that kt coDtmry Id the ^-oininiNiion of exchequer, which 
ordain* Uato fiuWribc aUsif^tJatDLuH jmiiddlly, hut if 
b« woald taty before witiK'H»t<M thut Uh innji-ity rnm- 
iBandtd vie to Huhncrihe it in purticulur, I would ulH'y; 
but tfie Dcst d^y he hnnight me a warrant under the 
King'N haiid lu sub^'eribe. I finding thai my opposi- 
tioii hud drau'D upon mc no small auhpicion of fenr nnd 
guiltmc-M, having received tljia wni-mnt, did «nb6Ci'ilw 
rheerfally and willingly, defying Sir Alexander mid aJl 
tbe world to churgr mr with nny fmdt or trHdi-ertiition 
in my ufliee, iDprciwnce of UieBUhtip of Kiuu, Sir Alex- 
ander bimAelf, and divor« olheru. Thi» con tide ncv and 
abrrlty did nmkc the chaiiceUor fejir lliat the cornmja- 
ajuu woukl not work the eScct aptiut^t iiie timt bi- wish- 
ed ; and then he hegnii to jicruiie it more neriouKly. 
and finding that hluibelf migiit enaie williin tbi- tum* 
pan of it, being a coIJeciur of tnxAliom, did dday bin 
■uhspcripiioik, tiuding mmv fnulU rmd iriformzdUieti in iu 
mjmI betag further pre«Aed, did pretend ihc^ goiit \u hU 



Jhniilt which wna in ^U Jeff, not luWribfuji: ti 
dAyitttAiTj- nitr, till Ihi* Enr\ ofNJtliiiUliilivHir AU-.xniiil 
friend nnd tionc of his, told hin Majcftty that th« cban- 
ctUor ou]y <IId hinder tlie «rrvjcr him«Hf had so 
much ooiniuviidtd iu his preeence. He theu &ubacribvd 
|1. Hut tiirAk'xjmdi-reuuld not have wuy fur i1 llirou^ 
the ntrubi till he gave assurance to the chstuci-llor bqiI 
trciuurcr, to mcddir with notliitig wb^rcmto /A^y A^] 
inti^rt'at, Wlu'ii it was past tlie seuls ihey pr%««ed bim 
l(i accuse me. He told them he h^id made diligenl search 
cif tlir rrgitttvrK, Kud nntld 6ndiiu matter; if atty ofllirnn 
woiiJd iofonn him ag^ainstnie, and set tlieir hands to 
th<* InforTimtioitp he would nc^mc me n» lie prnmiaed; 
otlivrwiHtJ til liiJEiufonn the KJn^ without a wai'r;iiil» 
and succmnb iu tht probation, he thought it ncitlier t1i« 
(lart ijf a vnso nor honeet cnan^ I'liey being dit^appuiot' 
*s\ of the plcaanre xhey conceived^ to see the one of us 
mill ihe other, whom ihcy oqtmlly hjiied, were so far 
inoeuved against him, that at a convention of the estates, 
which was eliortly tht-re:ifler, tliey §lirred up liume d 
the cAlules to coinpluiti upon liim for purchaBi^ig a com^ 
iniiTMou lo execute pennl ittntutcfi, tiinX madt- him so 
cxlioufi tlmt he was forced to give it over; yet, hy die 
help of hU good frieuJs, hegot good sntififaction from 
his Mnjt'sty/' 

Lord NdpJer records anollier curious anecdote of tha 
dislioncsty of Scotch fnctionists, nnd of the effront- 
ery with which iXivy h^iraHhed mid Ueceiveil tht? King* 
** Hin Majesty (he sa>"sj — beJu^;: j>osses^ed that the leanc 
Of OrlcDcy way given to me upon trust, uot only to pay 
tiie whole rent to the King, but also all benefit that 
ahovdd nttresa lo me as taksnmo,* — while 1 was at court, 
h*id given i^ommnnd to one {whom, I do not know, nur 
could ever learn, although 1 used e^/raftrtltntrrij ruiftor' 


tmnittf n Jell llie King fur t)mt purpose,) to rqiare to me, 
ind iviU ine, in bis Mjjji'tJly-'f^ nnrrK', tci niirmiilcr the 
)fA«e ftf Orkncj' to tlif Kiiirj. TJie party urter- came 
(9 M^i Dor to/(t any IhkI^ f/jti' tliut \tt* hud siich i^^iTuniv^ 
lion from hi« Majesty to suv, Uul aHcr 1 hud ki^Acd 
hh Mnjtnty% Imnfl, niid ukea hor»e for ScoUaikI, lie 
fnutHH] thift pHMwcr lo the Kfiig, tr$ from mc. Ilint I 
woiiH KUnd out la law ajfaitjsl bi$ Maj«%ly, uiid that 
in justice tbe Ki"K ^f>tiJ<^ n<^> l^ki.' the lease truTU mc. 
Hov toon 1 knrw the cause of his M;ijesty sdisplcaHnra 
agHUMt ni(% I firm A jJowcT to -Sir Willlnm HaJfour to 
tnvlot tbo surnroder, lu whmn tliy King exprehpeil Jiiei 
ftogf-r against me iu greut measure. \\'}ieri I carne up 
J foKUMl bb coufitcriRiJCi^ nlt<'it?d, niid tlierefur^ desiretl 
the Mirquis of irfimjUoEi to procure me nccese uiid 
braHn^i vblrh for a long timt^ h« could not obtuin, bcr- 
Cau±r (buid the King) ' hu will not ciurn-nrler bin Ivii^r of 
Orldiey to xwt* Hut the Mnrquin nflirmrd thnt I was 
COOM up for thjil ptir[x>Hi\ which the King ^voitJii not 
bHIeve, to atrorigly waa he i>oBj4i"«[icd of Iht? contrary, 
ftDiJ wo«Ud not ndinit mt- till I *(irrrndi"rt*d. Where- 
upon tiic jwrrc Invy wjw cmnrnandcd to dnm- up a sur* 
reiMlffr Hut ho> loath that thnt way should be niAde 
open to me li> rvcowr the KImkh favour, excasitig him- 
•elf, alle^^ the nirrcndcr muitt 1>« legal, aud dnwu up 
by the Kin^H Advocittr, who scut up ont? whioh ho 
knew I wmild nt^x'er ^^tw to, for by it. I was only to 
, aiiraid«r 7000 merles, payable Id roe by my subFax*. 
VwUi, Bid fvnmiii obH^ri] to |my yrtirly <lJS,Ot>0 umrkK 
10 NitbtfiiUlr, to whom the King had given the duty of 
Orimey. This by nil men was thought hi> nrnvamm- 
obkr. Ibat iht? att'ci'tUry was farted Iv draw up a tolul 
Mirrmdcr* a« well of the duty, um of thnt the ^ubtnxa- 
nian was to piy iiir. and tlint (hi i-^iprcw tcrrnfr^ ft>r nil 
VOL. I. C 



limrK to dnnVf to which J jmt lo my htiiid. ThiH 7C0fl 
inai'l(fiw^n« given to Armaiidalc,* who, not coutvDt lliere* 
vj\ihtJbrMc(i into fiijtf^rttnl n term's duty of tht^ same! 
birfurc oiy hurri^'Titli-r. Thrililid lli^ry begin their cjiluai' 
nicH ntVi-fh, without rt-guril of tnitli or honour ' And to 
coiintmaiice the in^ilter thij WIUt, l\w LonL 1*rea*uror 
waa M-nt for by iliein, (n mnn of gceat a;;^. and laiiid' 
of hib le^, »itd wi'nt iifH>ti crutolies,) iiHHiirin^ him tl>al 
they hud prepared tlie Kiii^ dO,uu(l ^ven hiniMicli iin< 
prcuunis ol^ me, that there- reedi^d no more but hi» prc-i 
Beuce to turn me ont. JM«r wcl^ not sIom' to uuderl 
such a journey In That end, atiil in the iiiidi^t vf hii 
journey ^t so shj^wd a fall, llj»t fi^r muriy days he w«ii 
not ^ble to stir; yt^t at tuHt went furwnrd, »o ioipla- 
rfthli' »nd nuilieruns he w»s »f iintiire, fri the meantime 
&U the teiTor^ of the world woru given ii>e.— that thu 
King would send me home to be tried where my viw 
mies were to be my judgefi, — that 1 v^honld nut onij 
wont my fei^n, ]iLiiKi<m, nnd places hut the Kii»g» fft-' 
vour, mid i[iy owel buiionr al^i^ — and, uh a delinquent 
ami crimina), he warded m the Caalle of Ediuburj^l 
find deeply fmed ' Neither did they stick to lay Ihi* Im- 
putulion uij the King's ju&tiee, lUut the King vrt\s re!ioJVi«| 
ed to dispoa^e^s me of that place, and a fault muat 
found, tJiongb tlivrc werv none, to excuse tJw King ii 
that pr»iiit. t.'|>'>n no condition could I be induced to 
liear so njueh at an offer, lill niy repulntion were cleau- 
«ed from all their foul aspersions." Napier add£, tl^at 
Sir .lameK Kaillie left no mrann untried to obtaiu tin 
phiee of tivasurer-dcputr, and made inlereHt witli Loi 
Loudoti. (bere eimr^ctcrnscU aa '* iny friend, a wJat' 

■ Wr Jnhn Miirrmy, Of ibt bcd^huabwaf J]uii«fe< VI., by wlinm 1i« 
Hiw ctcbIi*! ViiL^iiiii cpf AnoHnd, unit L«jd tiurnny ai L'KliuubuJi, UJd 
AjWrmnld Ejul frAnnuitlvre, lit dLtfif} in MM. 



umI hofic^t man,")* ^nd Mr Johrt Hay. tu £pe»k to Nn- 
pirr on tbc subject ' I (says the latter) spoke thufi tv 
J<]|m ; * I huve ^ervtd the King's T^itlier ^ad himflolf 

ig, yet to Kcn'v him tigmiisi Ins wtlU I wiU aott Lut 
Jamn use bJs frientJ* to move the Kiug 1u tell me 
that h in his will lo bo served by auotber. ihtu I will 
ttemU' — bill, I thouj-ljt in rny laitid, ntviT uith Arm. 
■ Tll« Kiaj(/ aaysi Air Jubu, * svili never ilu ibwt.' 
* TbcD,' pq>lit4l I, ' do ytnj Uiidk it fit for me to give 
Un' Kjd^Am /rar(^, fl8 we soy, before he give me mine? 
f know not mherx' tr> fimi so ^ood n in^ister;* and not 
bring ahU^ to mdunr ^uiy Juti^cr tbi^ JtinbitinM of so baw 
a f«fUov, I desired Mr John to tell hiiti, that I w^tti u 
better fdeod to him, thnn hr look nie to be, in not 
tnattiig with him, fur if he wvn* hi Lhul pimu? hi? n>nM 
not hoM a^i hi« haixls and would bv hau){ed it may be 
witbitt A ycftrr 

Hearing; thai the old Karl of Mar w&s on bis way to 
eourt, Napier detennliiM to eoinc to an t'xphmutioo 
vith thr King himMrlf. uiid haviiii;; obUjui-d uji undi- 
cace. "loldhi^ MajeMy how unjiially I wn^ dealt withal 
in Scotland; that I, who wan to pay other men tht-fr 
fn^ «nil ]>cn^fuuH. could gel noDe of niy own, whk'hi f 
atld, wa* wry utriin^e, if il wer(i lart by hi» Mjrjt-Hty't 
cwniDand or allowanet^: which hi» Majesty di^chiinied 
with an oatb." The follim-in^ ehuraL-ienritie iliiilogue 
tbm ivnim-d. 

XAriCK- " Sir. your Majesty has been hardiy po*- 
M«a«l of me, n looj^ time, by bini^ter ^afonnatiiin, nnd 
I tua nut conftcioiu to m}'Kelf of ho much a& n thought 
otJwr tlum becomes a faJthful ^rrvaul. 

TUA Kino- '* No? Did not yon n^isc to surrender 
your hatK uf Orkn<-y tu uiii- wliu had coiDuiiHiioo fmni 
me to demand it lo my uf»c ? 

NAririL "Truly, SiMieverniAii ili-mamlcid it of mopj 
netllier did I know that wuch was your pWasure liUt 
I ht-urd iTi Kooilflnd erf your Mojcsty^a lUJjfCT for my 

The Kiko. "^ Did i]ot you *oy to him ihai you would' 
stnud otit in Jaw a^aiuul me, which is nl8o under youi 
htmd ? 

NAi-iEft, " Do me tlir fav»iu% Hir, tolrtmu knovr tol 
whom your Majesty gave that coramisgiouv Audcoufmnl 
ut l>crore you, and I doubt not to litake him confeAii 
thul he Eius »^uim<i1 your JMujtsity u itJi iiii uiUmtb ; «Ddj 
if ttuy luch thing am he nhowii under my hnad« J w\\ 
not only give the hand, but tht* hcAd aUo to br strick- 
en ijfTi 

"Then did J prcfst rpil/t tmpnrftrtith; to kuow tbi* 
fir^ comiEklHsioiirr ; but JltKMi^ci^ly hy uo mi^tms would 

Thk King. " Jti* enough, 1 nmaatlt^fivd.and duuot 
belivvD it. 

"ThcD did I toll Hie Mnjcsty whnt «torm was prc- 
[uirrd jLgjjiTiHt JUL- at iny Lord of Mar'a upcomiiifr, that 
1 defeired no more but impartial hcariiig. and proteciiou 
if my cnn»t> were bonrfit, whirh he gritriuti^ly iiromisu 
ti\, uitd thi^L'eu|>tJu |(ave ute a kise of his hand. 

"Some two or three daya after my Lowl of Mars ar- 
riving fit emirt, th{?y nlUigelhcr, uiid itingly wben they 
hud opiKfi-timily, vexed the King wjth their lolumide*, 
urging him to send me home to he judged, n point uhidi 
tliey lahoui'4Hl l>y idJ intjiui^, * m> ihul the King, for hift 

• TbUtrf feliftl) fiiul •rum ii]m» iir M rliUM m gr^iil o^t^trt ttf thp«»rifr- 
naatlnK liftt^ik. nmnvlyt thm \\w Kiuji ■hfiuLrl i^iit ttnum w|i»ni ihey u- 


lym 4jukt, vrns, 1 mnysay. forced to seD<I8ir ArrhibjjM 
Adicaoii, Uie utber tset'rvlury, lu me. itur my Lurd Stir- 
ling cxcuW himisclf upon the hnlc I cflrricd to bhn,) to 
lell aw that Uit^rtr Mere many ittforniations &gmii!<t me, 
dltrdSan dteired to knuw wla-tJicr £ would %\&nd to 
my ju<ti5c4iiiop, or Kiibmit myfirlf to Ijim, 1 ontnre^ 
«l ttiat I Man JEiuL'li ttouud Ui his M^jo^y. niid woulil 
nywrlf givt his Majcety cay answer, mJ, f doiibtci) nol, 
MtaAKtloD. ^^*llidl Sir AT^hitmld linvini: n.'i>i>rk'd, I 
put myself in the King's way the next liny when he 
wan going ftmn dinD«r. Hi? beckoned to mo, mid J 
fikUuwnl hiiu iuto biH beil'dmiriLtfr, mid bein^ aJone 
with him,— 

NAi'ir.a. "^^irp I haw. rrrrtvrdymir jdcnnitrv by Hir 
Afdubald Achceoiif and humbly Llmuk your Mftjoi^ty for 
baring given mo a choice (ostaud totnyjustlflcatlon^ nr 
aubmil uiyrelf lu yvnr Majvt-iy. I ^111 uvU 6ir. abaotuto- 
ly justify mysolf before God, nor before you. Vuur 
M^j«a4y might have Jmd u §er7aDt of more omiutftit 
abilities, but never a fiiillifullcr jior more dJiij^ut, nor 
Witer nifticted. And nx for submitling inysL-tf to yotir 
Mqfe&ty» jf my Ufr or citata u-eru m qucMion, J could 
by ihetn both don^n at your feirt; but thla U my ho* 
iMwr, (drarrr to me than \yniK} which lories by Aubmlt- 
tuigi and iMinnot be repairvd by your M^c»ty, uor auy 
Klcif In tJi« world. 

** Tht H'unlH ut limt w-enung r^harp uuti hnnk, hr 
muaed a Utile, tlirn boi^t out with thcK-, — 

Tllii KixG. *' Jiy t!od, my I-ord, yo\i have renison- 

** Ami wtUial he told itie t^juie of thvir informations. 

KAViJttL ** Sir, llieir hate against mt- H for no cauae 
given by mo> mn\ to iiioet of ibom I have done roni 
cmirteaiai. but becautie 1 will not comply with ibem. nor 
giro yrmy to their dA^irvs, lo your -Mujosty's pr«guOico. 




uiid your subjocUi nitd fov your Mf^<«ly'e service and 
my uTidi'rtabings in it. Jtnt, 8ir. [ desire no moro Irat ■ 
tilt.' nii>ht rigoruus nnd cxncl Lnul tbut cau be desired, 
fio it be jU6t, and ^o«r Mitjfuttj rrri/ Jtit/gft ftnd ttiat I 
be not remiilod to Heotlniul, uIkto my t^neinio^ are 
(o be lay judges, aud \^'Itt^i'e. if I were ae ipnoeent fts 
JfSUK Christ, J Hliuukl lie t-r>rid<-miic<l- For ttic fnr>rfiH 
exact the trial l*e. Ibr irrorr j^lvilf my faithfu!nK«" 
and iDtegrity appear to your Mj\jesty ; and I will not 
only jms«"er for my own actioiia, but if witV. friend. orJ 
iiTVaut (who, tiy cornipl cffimr*", ii*unUy arc set out] 
to be hnwd*; to tliHr brilMrry) liave douc wrong, I null 
coTitt?[itit bt> inipiUed to me. If I h^iU cozeaLnl your Ma- 
jesty, and oppreiHsed your puwple. and tlirn tirndf somi 
iru'ii slmrei^ lit ibi? ]>ri-y, ycmr rrmjcsty biid nut b#?ei 
troubled now. nor I th«* |>er»ei;ikU-d, but bnd been d< 
livered to your M^esfy for a good and faithful aervni 
'■ Thtti liie Majeaiy prurniHeil that be wuuld bear 
himitHf, which was n pohit J desired inueh to g^iin, ni 
did >jerve me uftenvurds to i*ood jmr|mse, 

NaI'IICU. ** Then. Sir, be pleased to make these ii 
formers set duwa tbi^ir infuriiuttions in writing, und ftet 
tiiair houdfi to it, and within ibriH? hours ufter 1 shnU 
drtePgJyeapiincrualnud satisfactory atj^wer, or nther- 
wuy*yoiir M^esty may "liapose of meal yotir pteaaure* 
"Hi* Majesty was plea*ed with the course, and I took 
my U^nve, imrncdmtdy tbernifter the Earl oF Mar and 
tlie whole iroopofmy ii<lvei-hiirieH(vidio wert waiting in 
the EarV^ chaniber till I should come from the King,) 
^xpi'Cti-'rl a hurri'mler iif plju^o nnd nil to ttu* Khig. be* 
cause of the word sniitfaction that I used to SirArclii- 
bfihl Aebe^oik. Ah lliey eanu^ Jown nlairn slowly, bu- 
<:«use of my Lord x hmjenehs, * one snitl, tbitt iet like t)je 



Lord Nfrpiur^wlto is going <lowiiby degi'ces. Another, 
R« Ihey vrer« fTofng through the court, lold hh friend 
thai w^kcd, thtkt ihvy were uJl p^irtg to give th« Lord 
NopicT t^r tndi 4trrtkr. In tliis insulling Iminour tfny 
r^iiMj to the Kinp, who Ujhl (hivn tlint J uflin^tcHl u)L 
ih«ir informaiiom to be calumnicA, nnd thnt I would 
htand lu my Jii^lificatioti, and cuii>mani]cd them to set 
di>ur|i their accusations and iiifonimliou& iu writiii;;uu- 
d^r llK-ir linnd, and to dt-ltver Uu- same lo mo tct he 
ai»6wered- This, tailing out t'or hryond their cxpccttt- 
lioti, BsionKlied ihetn n little, esipmnliy the Knrf of Mnr, 
who fr|] duuii upon Y\\b kttwH with Lib (^mtelif^E, and* 
with (car*. iHtrcattd tli*r King to free him (A tny tremble, 
«n4 that hr coulrl not Hervc- with mt-, thuH st.irrirtg 
pity to eau&e injustice.* To whom tli« King boid, — 

l||!bl VM lp honiiniE, and ht* |iri>ciir(jtl, \ry ucu t>f l^rllii»ii<iLE, flKii rrtrii^ 
■fcHliI liurrf tpttlitrL dLvirn uiiEuv uf ihtf ^^"tf"* J'J'tii^vj >ci ollvo lliAl 
vliu-h ia vu4 plrtiiaiit Id it niuit h hU uvvfUkTOW j I'ur wDlkuifC i" bin 
wa telJ, • ikK <vt h^ off hi* (ts^ imd Luiui>rl hi* Iv^, aTvhif^h h^i Hiiytj 
■All ■! kit buHil ■ huv hftT^riK run dtroiif^ti ihp rnmpoji}', litu Hpivlol 
1 l iwiil HFiM n, AlnMiflcr ^liflluff, Tiill alt hb horv^ had bruki^ hi* iioik-" 
■ Awnf thv mqnnvrrLpu oltliv AcEvooiriiii' Lilimrj, E Anct di fprj^i- 
tak Icttd trvut ll>U «uuv l^rl iif Miir li> -^v^h V I. in wKkb bu i;ii(ir(H>' 
«H cfa* fpllowtu^ <t\iiniun ul lliv uobEi^uian u^^dlntt wUatu Im wqn bvw 

Mr flf iW VIM oKMober, ■brwitiir Cbst yvhivo mulp chnicvaf i^ir Arehi- 
bald KtfirT lube lA^aun^F-cltpuie of ihli kin^dnni. wlih iJu mniivw 
^A^ fniir Miu<^«iy M uku IliU i:»iir*t ^ota yunr Mi^r-Hty hjifli to 
fvialTBtl, I iLuH m alJ t'lHiilif y M>i«y y<tnr Hirrrtton- A^ foi r?iv ^ejUv- 
■■D, btf ukuvvtatt*bebiitli jndtctuut And innni, Kn<], hi yovr M^Itijrtt^ 

I, vllk *tl m j^ bean, <U> iriih Ibul nil y^rur Mr«Ji.«ty'i ^ubjvlt wi^ro iL>rr>f|i 
of ibw tWV ^Ite b I faopc time «hAll mako IcDOwn to ymn nji^Hty 
thai 1i«i^ h* uid I liTV i in ohicb n^pttrlM your Mi^tAly AolA mmU tt 
jfmmi titvttr , L'ni niyifflf. my riin< biiiI [nm« thull hv lutlbin^ ibit Ivw 
in rurrhfruin uf )iHir M(y*»ty'» »rrrir.*,r:i nil itiLof^ inclrlmt lo tlmL pfuc™ 
■ toll ymir ]la[i«i4y bath bnimunHL rni* iriili - briil li**«ichi(ij{ Aijuiffbty 
IM to Ufv ivar M>jf*i}^ w^ib iiu^iy '""i-i'T 'li*y», 1 r*»l your Mi^i-Aiy'* 


Thf. Ktftu. '* My Loni, I u-aiiM lio ywi any ftivmiT^ 

bm I cauoot do i^/it^iceX^ V^- 

" For file Bpace of cijjht tiay* after, I was ftw 
tlu'ir ijcntiiit, MJ long nh tlu' King rciiciir^cj in Mrtiik{iti)iii 
Court, foi' llic comjiinn<l (o set down in vrnting under 
thi4r IiaiiiIm 4lid much ftiiiHsiL' ih<?iii. Uui every day thef 
h'jul ibeir mtetia^'b luid cousiilucioEui how tu ovc^rthrow 
uic, niifl lit'in^ ipLunml of tin- Kiitj^r'r* promise U» bear 
EiU hiiiist^lf, all Ihdr tiit]LUV(>uE> Ivudi^l to gH mc re- 
mitted to Scotlaod, and f/trn they were sure of ihdx 
dt>(ir<^ HiM Muje^ty, lia^'iit^ ri'tikovt'd to Tht-'obnll'i^ 
a»kcd the Hccruiaiy if the iiir^niiAttoiisi in wntiT)g\r«rt 
dHinTrd to idc, and commanded it to be done instant- 
J^. TUia put iheiu ui fioitit- fear that tUv Ifonl of Tn^l 
quaif'aud his frieuds bad procund tliii, (who was 
one rJ([H7etiJig the \i\nve if I t^hould hnro hiMT put o\ 
of It, and a jnaji of another fuitiou than Meiitdil 
uid tlie secretary,) and, tberefWe. by the Eari 
f^rrick tliey most earnf£tty deuJt with inr nfrash 
ircnt with Sir Jaine« tinillie, adding great promiawp 
Willi ili^ like >^uoci«8 a& htifurt*, T\w si^i-retiiry tbeti %vq{ 
me tbe inforinatioiiSi indo«ed within » letter of hi« 
t<i in^, shewing that it was his Majesty** p!ca*Lux» (b 
1 should Hend IUt'aiuiwen4 to him to Ur delivered by bin 
lo the King : but I would not do co. Witeu I o^wneiJ 
the urIicIeK ul' ai.'cuKation I found il(» hand nt thrm, but 
wnttcnou a little piece of pftpcftSonear the end tlj4rtt»- 
oi' ns licit ciiir could be nrrluen more, of pnrpoM 
thaU if the King hbould urj^^ tlienj to wt to thdr hnnda 
U|>on n sudden, they might gain sometime, in writing 
lh*"in over, to consult upon (he molltr. I prt'^enlly drew 
up the aubWtiu^ and on the inorruu' I told hU Mujosiy^ 

■ The mttne wlio hhk lairrfinlt truft^uftfr^ miij fvU » rL^iju lo <o> 



that I had rvmveil UieMt urtit:l4>«, mid tltut lIuTc was 
ao tunc! At tJiciu. 

TtiK KiKii. " Tliat is all one ; yini know the innl- 
uow, ai>d nuiy answer U. 

Xapilr. "ftiir, thrrriHiig judicature, cini nor crimi' 
■iJtCui tie ebtafaLiflbti] wiiliottl thene uecennary mem* 
bm, a juilj^. a purAUci'. and a drTcndcr. Triiv it 'm 
tfi ScHllaml, iu the foctlmiK limeK. men uvtv called in 
witl^jnt kwfwU^g eUhiT CTimv or piirRK-r, uhit-li lljoy 
caUctI JtMprr in^nirem/ht but tliat barburou^ and unjust 
mstuni waa abulitiliL'd, 1>y your ^^lj^^ly'K Duller, by uti 
exprcM act of Parliatnt-itt yet ^UndJug in force- I hope 
your Majesty will not mtro<Iucc U again, and mak^ me 
Um pm^ikut of it. 

TUE Kino. " If !t be *o, they mujft %ct to tlicir lmnd», 
wid ^iitUad iu ihmr hnnds. 

NAriER. *" Uj>on my alJegionoe* Sir, it is so. But I 
batiere i\^f will ul-vit do it, not for fear of me, but, 
knowing iu tl;ru' c^knAeic'iht'^ that iJiey are mere fur^;- 
«1 eahunniPK. they knov thryihnllsucetunb in the pro- 
baiioo, and tln-ii th«-y fear your ju8i di8|jkvi6(iri\ l\^- 
c&de.Sjr, tbey ihudc your Maji'&ty will not deny mc 
place ta rvcruninntt- thc-m, after 1 am cleared niynelf, 
at>d tbea they know tb«-y cannot coiitc- fair oft- Hut. 
Sir. do mc the fav<mr lo pr^.^s thcni to vol>8cribe tlm 
■Itirltt^ and if Ibvy rvfune, yet, fiir your >f«^|eHty'r4 HntJM- 
&ctioiir I sbaU annvcr punctually, and deljrer the an- 
^rtwrrsinto yoaron'n hand, 

^V *' The Kj[igwzi4 wril jjJ4:;iaeil, mid indeed ]>reB&ed tlimi 
lo >ubBCTibi-- But they ha%-ing met. and each of ihem 
putting Uu' nct^iwtticn upon another, nnd Sir James 
BaUlW objectinft thrir pronjii^e to accu!«^ ini'. Iokoidc of 
^rratenl pJuce for oneron^ciiUM'K.noniaiioi'idl thai cereal 
Dumber, grent nor mimII, was foiind that dlind loet t4i 
th«ir liaod. &uch forte hath tnilh!" 



NApicr, liowevert iml in writiuj^ an articulate ripply 
to each c>iarf^, oiul after «X])taiiiiti|[ til the most Mtift- 
factory ninrmur cvrrv rirriiiTiKtniire upon u-liich n ctt^ 
himnycouUlporaihly}>ofa»Tkdei3,tliuscondu(k«, — "Nri- 
therJiiilh then? any Ihirif; bocn done by mc Iml that for 
wliidj Ihavu your Majesty'* warrant* your f;abvrNth9 
t-ouncil'Ti Mrarranf, tjr that whtdi by tli*? tinty nf tn 
plucL- 1 DU^it todt>. My Jjumhk' xuit, thvrcfurcr 18, th 
your majeflty ^^-jll Iw plcwrd t-> j^uigc of Ukm- tliiujtl 
by jfottr mi-H tci^dom andjnutkr, to irAicA, oflfy. / w^ 
peaf; or vtherwi^i^ to tm* inc of tltf^SL^ raluninin b 
your rHajt■^l>'"HtIeI?I(|^Jli(mo|■Il^y bimeht ami Tuitbrul 
baviour, na your Mnjcsty liatb already dgnc hy your 
gi-ftHoiis U'tter fn the cxcbrqiirr, thnt f mt\y be the 
ler e^iL-uura;^ io du you aervic^." Tbib dtfeiicc be 
prewrnled to Charles, and tlie rt'ault ia curiuu^y clia* 
raeteristic of the timwi and llic (icti>n«. " My riinnios," 
aaye Lord Napier, " rvfusiiig lo nib^cribc the iufonna* 
tioii>^ ^iivEi by (beirmv.'lvi^ bulb by word aud M'rit, to 
hitt Majesty, ^uve me a y^reat di^aJ uf advantage in tbo 
King'aand nil other mc-n'% opinum* Veteeatedtlicy not 
BlIU to persenite itw, Ko bold wcix' Ibey in tlidr ac- 
cnBtatiuas tH-eauau uo man w^s paiiisbed for aiiy luluni- 
ny, or Ch^* worwi? iiked^ out of a biul iiiipn'xiion given 
to tbt^ Kiri)* tbat, if h^ punislicd any t-ncht be abuuld 
DOt ^f kiiotvMg€ oftftc estate ^' /liv affairs, tio man 
during tn do it uuli^rts ibcy were ubic tu prove it fleiirly, 
wbicb, altboiigb tnic. could uot always be done- My 
advenarles, i>eing igiiormit of his ninjesiy s promise to 
hi^r all fiiuiBH^If, and \y^\\\^ ofc refuBed, whvn \h*sy dv* 
sired bim to reinit my trial to Scotland, without know- 
ing tbe caii80t drew np n IcUrr f^fniummdiiig me ti> Iw 
tritfd before tbe Coitncii of Su;tl,nid, tthkk letter t^ty 
JiMied in amotiff other tttters, andtttttit' Ihv Kirr^'jt httml 



mM if* whereof I cnino i<i ihA knowlcd^ after thii^ mnn* 
nkr ; Mr Jninrfi Hnilltr, who hml Iriril ninny wnyi^ to 
vake me tra[]6acl with him, ADd aU ia vuin, djd try 
thlstoo- H«saIdtoA]exfliirti?r Aiichinowty,(my frieud.) 
' I am mvny for Ui« Lord Napkr's wilUilui-sn, mul more 
sorry ihmi 1 should hnvc hnd ariy 1j.-;ikI ngitin^^t him, 
whkb my Lord of Mar iiiducrd mi.' to ilo, for now lie 
jfl uow all utt«rly uudoue: be Ib to be aeiit home to 
SrotUnd, ia Ik- tried by his eni^rnie^, und if he doubt 
of this, f ^hftll U^t him h*<: thi' Kings k-ttpr hiiU hie 
baod at it to that purpose.* Aloxitnder «topt therc-^ftnd 
I held D>y peucr. 'But (.said Ak-xnuden) Sir JameHsayii*, 
if jrou will be content to dta! witU htm, he will tinder- 
laktt by ihr hHp of Mroti^ith Jind the i^ccn^Vmy, that 
ywi diall eoiue fair ulV with honour aiid profit/ Hav- 
ing discovered Sir Jaine<!i tiieanlng, 1 bitterly refuaetl 
dnding vitJi liim. Vet did I not Might the udvertiKc- 
■Mal, and, after enquiry, found that there wn« such a 
letier put the Klufc*^ hand, and to be nent down to meet 
HM ia Scotland, whither 1 was going* Theii wax I 
iiii>^ moved, and wnited upon an opportunity in telt 
tbr King, wbieh tUvy perffivin;^ Hert- Jrmv/t tiffrttijedt 
and aeut Sir Alexandi-r Strachau to aceotnmottate thts 
matter, whu proinliied in t)ieir numeH tiiat chat hotter 
fOionId b(^ rivrn \n my prc^senee, if I would hef/uiet^fltr 
fhot time, and aiiolber (becnu^t* I n-a» goin^ home) of 
my ou'u penuit^ sthimhl he hifctied by the Kin^;, where- 
of I wii» content, knowing by experience kotr hM these 
men tf^Tf triththf Kin};, ami how Ufttf iw. rf^'nlal it.* 
Tbefi Sir Alexander delivered loe the letter to be nveii, 

■ TUi uibrtun»lD aamrv of the Kliijf», wU^b rvniW<d tifm totnllf 
MMU>tefi»p« wtib d» tiir1>uli'n1 im>l di^linii^^tt iplrluuf hbi a|>i>, jimt 
ithfVFby bu iiinnkB lnuiapJi«i1. fai* frwmb ir*rc Hucrififrffl, ihil hlmk^lf 
itwimjrfcl, wv win And mm itftUy OHcmpuaod in ISil^whiMi MmitioM^ 
«ail Ntfiiifr ww in prtaon tot ihidr aiumfit to ihvo hia prvruHviivvv. 



bnt Wuiitw I HJiw till? Kiugs lianil, I n-fiiM-d to rivclt, 
ftnd lir did it- And because I would not seeiu to avoid 
trial, I (livw ray IftttT ihiis : ' Wln-ivfls divorx inTur* 
tnutiuiiK have hvttii tiuuh to UK agaitiAt the Lord IVnpvcr, 
it is oiir ploaMire thAt you receive Any thing coiiccrDing 
lliein llmt «ljnU be givfii in to you, and thervafW ^nd 
up the Lord Napier, lu^^irtbirT wUb bin uccuewr^ Uiun,tc 
recH^ cur dctcriuifmtiot], and tbut Ibiji Irtti-r be regis- 
ter^ ; In tbo memttime-i the LortI N^ipier to vnjoy bia 
feci*. ]>eiistoi)S. aud full exercise of bis place/ My ei»- 
RiicH hpetnlirig i]i> U-Ucr ai iNjvirt, j;uvv out that M'lint- 
ever warriint 1 gnvc out should not beauiwerod, oa ^u- 
deed I found by proof: I asked iny an^are,— I cculd 
Imve iKi piirt of IhinUi the IreafiTirer bad furbiddeu the 
Itceivcr* to pny roe; I asktd au iiccouiit of thcJr dfr* 
butting the Kiuf^'s nmiivy in niy ubscnre, — T.bnt wu 
denied nit-i uud all tlieuseof tbo King's favourable letter 
wnftthis.thntiiwnfir^iater^ not vvitljoiitdininilty,iiot* 
withsumdiii^ the KitLg'^cxuiLuituid, Then UiccbanoelLor 
aakcdfor tbe urticks of accuxation* H^if he had never $Htl 
Ibeia, which Wing produced licroninianded to be put in 
ibc public register, ^without any wanam fnmi tbe King 
or council, aud would not by oiiy means rf^giMit-r my «d* 
ttwers to tbczui) ibei'e to remain tor a ditihonour and a 
■tain to me, luy bouse and posterity, (o after upes who 
ibnutd not know Ih&t Ihey wen? hlmntefuUy diKavnwrd 
by the iuforuiers theoiaclve^, nor [tlmt they were] qii- 
fcwered by me, — nit act of superhiiive njQJicf ' 1 made an 
fitler wf lUe atcounl of the ^e6 received by me, — tbcjr 
would Dot bear it, lior yet ^ee tne oui in^truineats o£ 
my ©ffrr when I osked tbein, wliicb Ibf derk durst not 
give out according to my words, but frajued ui eucIi 
tcrma aa they set down to hiiTj. 

*' At thitt lime AnuAudale came to ^cotJaiiiV nml 
Vrougbt witli him n letter from tbe King to the excbe- 



le excbe-M 

t I 


qiMT, CQtnmAuiimi; nie, upon a wrunjf nuiraiive, to pay 
htm a ttmi of the iltily w)jirh XViltinm Uii'k wi\% Uj 
pay ini\ And which wn* due to nw long before my 
fum-ndcr, uud most ui^Ju^tly innerled iTiti> Aiiimndale'H 
ftft, (ttJthougU liis MAJefity liad aucei>t»i my Hurreii<ier 
for llie time to roiia-,} irUhoitt rtriy iiK-iition of wlmt 
iras diM to mv \wtntv it. And in raso J n-fusnl to |Niy 
tli«&tmD,trarrnm n-ns given to the King's Advocate' to 
pnmu« me for nil I had ri?eL'j\>^d from Triy suhtriKHman 
during my lease and bt-fore my surrmdcr. Bui the 
•enxe of th]!i Irf.tcr wni- cxtremrly fHTpli-xt nnd iMtru 
eait, a* all letters of t\K i%ccrctnry'» pciiniuj^' ai'e, <tf 
ptrrpti^^ to icnvc open n way to the other parly pfiyhijc 
•awti]lforit,l<j^lairother iQbi«[1heutlit*rimrty'M] fu- 
vom. 10 whtcb the fcrmer might bv ruconcilrd* in hi« 
eoartmction, wilhoitt rontrruliciton, find to provide 
liimsclf of a defence-, if they should come to be examin- 
r<l or coinpni-LiI before the King, wliieh in clear worda 
vr«re uot fewibic ; mid iiidccil the council nas in no- 
thing M modi trotihlpd, an in fiiiding oiit the King*s 
mitid ill bis Irtters, f (which ought to be clear, and nd- 
mit of DO <uu&truetiona but one.) and some caUNcti hui-e 
been debated, uberi- purlie* have vied tht- Kiug'ii Ict- 
tant, M in a piny they wee to do, one ogaipht the other* 
But kaving digression upon thin nubjert, — which, for 
bribery of inJh kand^^ coucuttion t^f t/it* peopie, and 
aifitnig^ y 'A*- I^tag^ no i/^ can p<fr£tfkU — I* finding 
that by thi» letter ihtry linil nmdc the? King my pnrtyt 
voflUd Dol stand in jndgnient af^ain^t Ijiin< but, bow 
■OOD I wju lummout^d, f offered Id tlrni terio'^ duty of 
7000 marka to AunuiuUik', and uiude aUu a judicial of- 

t TWiM<hiJ.liio»oriUeaIvkv(ktlUiif.«atiinila«|iJytntoUicUiB- 




frr of ii before iht? cxchcQiker, siod di<l glvi? direction 
Had a iliM-bar^^t* l4j WjlIJuiti Dick li> |Kty it Ui Annan* 
dale. Tlir i]llVr wn:* rcfttM^« anil thr disrliarge wilt 
buck f>y WilJiniri Dk-k, wlio now liiid li'ft in^, niid had 
corrc^pfjndciice witit them. Tbt^y would uot ni^tr 
AnnanrJalu to take It, but would tiei-^s f^u uii witii |nir< 
ftuit ajfuitiHt me fur uIl 1 bad received berort; my fiir" 
Tfiidcr, tt'hifb t}ic*y ought lo have done (by tbc King'H 
lott«rt) only Jn case of my rofiiKal to pay Uir lorm in ■ 
^^ueUioii. Tbt- Kiiijc's .Advocate — a base follower of 
gruiUir^ luid irmliHoiiNly HitcpiL-nt — |>urMLt*dtnr himJ, 
slJeging tbc Ic-mxi; was givcu mc in tiu^^t* Co bring 
In improvement lo tbe Kin^, dud that I bnd coiffos^cd 
it: ^ud }i(r luok oiLl my auttwern to tbeir iufunualiuiui, 
lo jiruve hitfi jitlcdgcaace. uud rend tbrst^ words, — * I 
tici'LT di-nird It, for I U»tk it on (-oiidifioTi,^ — nrid tbrrc 
tfiu^t uiifuilbfdly would bavc etuid, but I mode him 
rend out nil, to bli* pibaine, • wbereby Ibt- (ew i:idjfftr- 
«Dt Lords thjit ^^'ere, did dcUwt hist dJnbonc*t dcsUitigH. 
I was forced to niiswfr for mywlf, for, by uo incjm*, 
could 1 procure nu advocrtte to be adrnittrd to plt^ud fur 
me, allliou^h by our law it is uoi deuirU in uiiy cutte. 
«v«qi in tn'4HO]), C(i nil)'. So long n^ \iv kept olf the 
|>oitit or law 1 ausu'crcd suflide-iHly; but ubcn lrecjiiiiL< 
to diKpiile in hvr, I would not answer, but would be f 
nbwmt, n^aiiiKt a itrittetntvd luwyer- \Vhi.nvu|uin nt 


■ TlkD lIduic In Lonf Nnpivr's DiiFiA-fire, nllndod ti>. L« mt folToivi : ** It 
14 idlvijrvd Ihnt tliD TiMuta wim> i<iif niAtad tii edo,— I iicvut ^rnii-'i) it, for I 
touk It upon iXKiililaon to •niTi*rHlpr w3i4<ta, nnd iipim whnt b^miB, yaor 
mijriti' dmuli] bu ]t]vtact\^ anJ tUrI lUva Hir iiitpri/vvUkirnl might ^ow 
IqMIIiu 4>X(thuiiii(>r, Bullhiir IhlL'iulil ulvmn-vfrtHiit iiuiiik ufuiurivy,imif 
bf LIuMi; fiu (litf yearly paympnl vf i^t<yO raili^h, (t^lmuirli ^** I'^i^v UD- 
dbun fuy tMUHv, if uiiv wil yvixr bml viilm.% ur 11' luy atibliu-iiiJiKi LhcI 
1]iu;LiTipuTi;<l,)u'irbE>iiEji1] bn|Hi»f i>i!x'nniii/vomux>m|H<tiw. — 1 williu^vnr 
nmcf^vii u- \iv ynur mnji^^ryV miracl, in which nothinjf <v>i harbour eon. 
iniry loJuflW pmfljK(ut<y," fw. 




loji. [tbe)'J Urbff ashamifd to do oclirrwiAe, I got leave 
lir Mr l^wi^t Httwurt tu pli-rfd Oir mv, wli» jR<rformfi1 
tiit ptit ^ wdl, fit doar<1 the Advocfil<-'« mouth fruru 
uttrrinf; tAw ur iva»>n, but ueviT from Uri'^Uiiiig oTit 
jdk word*. So tlie Lord« sreiijfc u^liu)^' could bv 
miotic lo my prejudice, did ri^fvr uU in the King, trnd 
vovld not flb^otvc njr uh Xhcy miglii* Hhgrtly ^fier, 
tfa« Eari of >iar, finding timt I could Dot be remoV' 
ird, made a jvrivy trnusuctioit for li is owii plact; 
wilb lli« Earl «jt' Mottou, wilhoul tlie kuowkdgi; 
of lliofir u-lio n^strd hiin in ttu-* pnrMiil ngnfii^t 
mr. wtiirrtti)- he becaiiK- dj»al>l<^ lo uork ihcit' vuda. 
Who tbrrvfore were much dlsphased wiih him, evpc 
rinlly Mctitt-itlL, willi wliuiii, uh Ik iiUt'^vd, he (iMnr) 
bad handKitnd}' cfjiiivocntcd. prommi^ thnt h^-shouM 
paf to him a prccc]»t nt' I-. 50flO Surllng before Frtscho, 
if be wcic tR-JiSurrr. befmc ubith time he Imd rebulv* 
^ lo quit the phice. ThiH giiVL' (jccnaioti tttat MfuU-ith 
and 1 otKrrcil on fitxiiv blotter tcTirm of L'i>rrrh|)(ijidcutV| 
but bud Atillbis variable a utUucoti'^ la nt buru our in sus- 
IMCiOD*. This Trictidi^hiiJ wan eouliniied by Sir Kichiird 
UrabniR of EjJcc, who ititide ua uikrdiungu iiroinisi^K 
of fricndHhip, nuuHng uk thni on wb^ine pnrt Chi? breach 
libuuid he, be would bear U'iUic)v» agaiuM hJUL One 
particular proiiii&e Ire desired of tnc, ihni I should uot 
transiaet witJi 'iViiqtmirr for nty pUee, witljout hiH pri- 
vity, as Mftr had done with Morton. For TTni\n.nir tieuU 
(airly vriib mc, nnd if my honour hnd not been in qtie^. 
liiKi I wouM huvtfcoaeluded with bim.* I uufwered 
that I would irfiikHdct with no tnau, unle^ hia Majesty 
CXpFfascd Uw pJeaHtire lo be uti. TiiiTe wan milhfng I 

* IrftfH Tnv|iBir H"! \iiv }i\i/-*t tuA Irtim lliul uiv ]if umobiJ tn lit UinU 




miirp lUHireJ ai my ^tcrt-ti^at tbougbu tLau to be Mr- 
ly rid of that i^loctr, long b«foa^ my trouble, for ttftfr 
niy wifedM, (n woman rHi^iows chosUviiml bonuiiful, 
andmydjiefjoyiti llii* world,)" 1 liAdnopI^a&uretor^ 
mnin in ScollHrnl, hnviriff liflil t'XiH.'rieDtL*of tht? thief of^ 
[iJk' J'Onls of] Council uiiil S<«hion,t uuU uf Llir 1 r nmn- 
ntr^. in tfhich I couM never fiiFTiion myself, ftod con* 
Kiiitriii^ the phiee J held eould ii<rver bo prufitablr to ^^ 
man thnt bitd resolved fuir and bnnourublc dcoJhi^.*' 

Tbut the Kiuff^a Advocate could euuiil^uaiice ihs* 
crrt metaling* for orptnizing sedSlioii, — that tb«geuUe- 
meti of th«^ Kiti^'H bc'iUrh«niber were cjipnbUr nf |iic-J(hig 
bin Mnjv^ty'e pocketE, In order to ntakc tliemaeLvee mas* 
U-r of bia private coiTespoiideiKf. — that th« noblemfia 
H'honi (.'buries tniHti-il wbove nl\ otlii^rs WAit vtm^UiuVy 
betraying him to hi» cnetnies, — tbew, and other mystc* 
rioUH aiieedotes of tlio riseaiid progress of tTieeovenanU' 
iikg fjictioiii do iJot appf^ni' so ineredible Af^er reuding 
whnt wc hflve extracted from Lord Nnpier'n niAiiu- 
serlpts »iitl ''till lejK no whnt we fiiid, by the following, 
bow very low Scottish noblemeu could atoop, la false* 
hood mid ireuehory. to Mltaio their |)HvhIl' enda. 

''At court, Morlnn. ito^biirglj. and tho vccrvtnry 
made up a faction and agreement, wherein the Earl of 
M<!iilcilb und the ehutjeelloi- were eurtiprispd, wlt^reby 
they, wbo bad wont to cross other, nhonld now serve 
others turns, jind monopolize ti» IheinscIvrK tht* King^i 
fnvonr, t^ bU aiid bih Buhjects' heavy deirlmeut, nobody 

* TIlcfv li an orl^na] pitrorc by JiiDuoa, of Lady Mur^rol Gnihuui 
in iwogAiimi [hftliu prpnirtE Uir^i NnpU-r. Th(^ dnUi upoD UU IC^G. con- 
wquDbbly mUv mum Uavt dliX^ bvlwfkt thM j^jvir hckL LfWLOt dn* ymr i>f 
tbc<raii'i£lii'mbAv1llch LnrTl>iiiy>lrTrvfpi4lnllff<pniii^^nti'»od «lx»n^ 

f Nnpkf'r liail b»n a privy^^uunnllur awkv lAlA ; In lii^f^, hit wnM 
JiHtiiv-CJerk. und *n IMtmAry Lord nf Sm^iiki: In lul^fl, in Kttiwrnki- 
niry LoH of Sonnioa- 


bring ihtn to oppose ihv'iT proceedings but luyselT; for 
NiUiMbilc watt thsairtlvt} [lifter ilir death of my Lunl 
of BtKrkingtinm, whose near cou^n lie hud morriiHl,) by 
Mem o{ his r^^ou (avc-^rii^ frum ihnl iirofevjusl by the 
tUtv^nml the gEvatncm of his Avhi. TUvrviutv iht'y 
thought U novr monr neccssaiy than Iwforv, tbnt I 
riiMild ht mnuved. whutn ih<.y thuught to be- of such in- 
Tftu-iSk- integrity, bk ihi^y w<'a' never rtlile lo makir me 
co<i>]>]y vrith ihem in thHr Intended eour^eit. TiiU plot 
beiui; ripe, Wculeilli watt bkuI for by dip sren-tary, hut 
he liad before >c» much ctnploytMl TiJN fncnd* in cftution- 
•r}' thni nnw they hc^ti tii fjnl hiitij m-ilber wan Iiin 
own UHme uf uiiy ereilil wjIJi liiuueyeO iu^^n. Hiiving 
nootber ni«anB,h? Ititreated me to take up 6000 m^irks 
for him, whirli I did in my own nnme, and took hit 
bond v( rv\t^\ meiiL He vvirit tn Mb ,|ou[-riey> and pro- 
mised tbot if lit- took any course ulih tliem, I should he 
towpnMJ tritliiii tJic agreenieut, (aUiiiog mtmy imiht>, 
wbrreof he w« never sparing,) whereof I wns moet im- 
wiJliiifT. n^ tHriii^ eoiilraiy to my ends, uhu hiy in wdil 
for n fftir <MX'J1^iou to ivuvr tbe pbt^c. yet ^vrcined to be 
weU eoDtent, to ninkc proof of him. \V'hen iu- evitiie to 
Court, the fint Jirtielo of ngreement wn:^ proiKmed Ihfit 
bj'AU mcmiu 1 should be remuvtfd [from my place] wliieh 
heBodertoole 1 \iioiihllravi.- tii'J'ruriuuirtipuiimoHt etay 
bfnxw. (for B^tillJefr jio«e wn« out of joint, my Lord of 
Mirbeiogtioinor^ trensnrer,) whfieh t bey thought feiLsi* 
b1rinfv«peni>f the nrw fru'iidslii|)|M-ruixl utt. Toi-iree- 
lt«l«u bicli.uiid thereby lo eiKlcJir himM-lf to the ucw tae- 
tioR. he tohl tiie King that I uas dei^iroTi« to ^ve over 
the ollior ; imd, J believe, loM tbe King abo (for to aJl 
the Court he did) thflt hi- hnd eamiriTvtion iiitd powt-r 
from me to thai ctlWl, ^hreb wa^ luo^t fahtr. 'i\> the 
which the King gave way, ua beiugmy owude^JxetAnd 
vol.. I. O 



iheii wn* movofi to moke a promipc ofil to Traq 

by itfi^ iiiw ruction of ubJrli )ie »'J14 ono. Ah<] JVfrtitcith 

CDmin^ tu Si'uUniiil. a k-lli-r wim |iiirL'lui»Hi fnini ihc 

King, tflcr thf i^^wrr/ attx^iirt^ ^tf/^r^ vvhtTcby he n'ould 

IjAVt- iiimlo ine U-lii'Vi' ttial it wiiit iIk- KJei|;'>^ pl^-'iiKiiro 

ihni [ [iltuuJd iiiVK M'liy to Traquuir, uiid, to tJiat pii 

poKf, tJiiit [ hIidiiUI rrnii^iict witli M^^riU'ith. alclitin 

ihc letter in my tinilcn-UiiiJinpcnnUiinrd no siicli inat- 

Icf, tmt wan liib Majesty's arewor lo a snit of iiiiue. 

wht-rviTi hiJf MiiJcjUy wn^lt* Iturt he hnd imjturUul hbi 

pleasure, conccrnirg myHpfiiro, tolhc Knrlof Mmlridi. 

This letter wns kepi up long, of pnrpo^r, Till ihv new 

treii-ivirer. MijrlT>]|. shoiiJil come lioirji'. whu w:tH iigHm 

l>i» jouriify ; but Mt^nTelib wonld huvt- h^d m^ take his 

word li|»)n it Hni V dn^ii-iTig itothin^ tiion* (nlthoiij^U 

I preteiidvd the euiitrary) than thnl the KJij^' woiiM 

havu cxprcHsfd his* clcwire to bt* that 1 ahoiiM leave the 

place, (for thou with honour, pniiit, iitid the Kiiit:^ good 

will, I might treat with them,) mndc Meiitdlh thl^ an 

Awer. that the k>tter eonlnined no m\v\i ihhig u^ hvgnv 

out, nnd tlint I uoiiid not tre:it with him. nor iio tihifi 

eli^, till from hi« MrtJe-'<Jty^s own month \m pleasure, 

wrre delivered to ine la thnt elTeet, At this imswer I 

wnfl extremely iriaved* aaJ beiag ijniuoderately earunc 

whb me nf^errtflrdp, and. nevertheless, nol lh!irig nbl 

t<» ertectuiite any thing whereof he had nmdc so Inrj^ 

pruuiiaeA to thern at Court, gnvo tbem ndvertfsemeni, 

niid Ihey di^ait euniesUy uith the King. For lhi» co 

hiiiulioii hnd uow niidvrtnkcii the whole govenimc 

hei"e.' uodc?r the King, and gr**at Ik>|>c« ^ivon, jind 

pmniihrH rmide ofejLceHeut i^erviee. oidy, they told tli 

King, that his wrvjcr wuidd he §ilill hindered hy Wjf 





opptMitioa, Vkud nt JiiKt wmi liim tu Uiink it cxpt^lu'iit 
tkfti I »bout<t nroiovo. 

" AtMMit tliin liitir (1030) llie treu^ur^r Morton rnm^ 
from Cuurl. and findii^i; thiit I wu-c not to Iw ilrnZt trilli, 
the chnnccHor. McDtHth. ntid hr, lo moke tnc lonlb the 
iBrrrico-^ (whicb m my H^rrrU^tthoiif^litfil did toit|f n^i,) 
UMlerioolc a busmctoi uu way JioDourfiblt^ tW tlieiti.arid 
vbkh h**renfttr nitjclil pri>vi' duii^Tuus if any of them 
tbuuUl lui|iprn to Ml troiu the Kiiif^'s f'avoiir. Thi^rv 
wsB, after ihe death of Ktii^ Jnmea, a commisaiou of 
Exrbn|LLi-r 9« III down liy his Mujesty now reigning!:, un- 
d«r bia hand f for by the death of his father alt fgrmcr 
eCMmniniofiH oxpirrd) nnd h-fl uiid;ttrd. In fhoer who 
trtrrv of tbtf former ; iht manner of which commiMHifm 
is tbi« : Tlic Kiug fiigiuc a comuii^Htoii in paper, which 
ihpTmftcr U tiifrnuNnl in jtarHirnt^nt, Irniis^hUrd Jn Ln- 
till, and the Kiug'v Grrat Seal ngvpciidcd lo it, nnd the 
papirr uuikr Ih^ Kioj^'w hand i» kept for n warrant to 
the Grmt Scnh Thi» commi?ii<iott hi paper under t\\t! 
King's hand bcinj^ «cnt down, and tiring defective* or 
at letai the Khi);'^ Advotiitc would liuve it lo swm Hf>, 
btcauie it XKXLi not drawn up by liim, whm not pmuc^d 
tbtf Mab, but kqrt by him. the chancellor, or neerrtnry, 
tnd mother Emt up of the Advocate'»< lAimlag, which 
bdo^ tent dovni again idji^ned by the King, waa pa&ftetl 
ihr ivnU, wbieb wan the warrant of jdl tlie Rxchetinrr'n 
procv«ding8 «ix year^ afti-r. The old nnpa^ed fiiif" 
BBlure of com mission ibey took, nnd where theatf word* 
' treD»urer or IrfiiMirer-depnU-' (wrnrr^^d, (ils tht'y did 
v«ry often through ih^ body of the »iignatnrc) they 
made Mr William Chamber, in n ebamber of Holy- 
nKMlhotiM*, put a innrk betwixt ireafHurcr aTtd trei-iurer- 
d<put?, before 'or/ anditt tlu- margin write Ibce wra'ds 
* ill bin atMteiiec,' ao tijjkt it wan lo be read * tre^iHT^rerr 



ttr, in his absence, (.rt^asurer'Jrjiutc/ and tbc word in 
tUi* JDAipu alxiut 6veor six several tiinc« Bubscribcd by 
Mortou nuA Mi;>iieith. HesIJes, they )DBert«d tbt | 
datr^ * White^hiili. S8th Juiic. 16^0/ with new Muck 
laki wbere all ilic rest was worn wintish, and it wa« 
Iotii ill the foliiin^, which tx-iihir fiinpeilion bewrayed 
ihe antiquity aud fabtehood of tlie aanie. So by ibis 
cmniniK^ron I wjie to do tiuthtiig, (dircoily cooCriiry to 
my jiatciit, and thi* {lurfHise of llie inf^tiliKJon of Uiat 
office J llie treuHUi-et bting present. About twelve o'clodc 
I got iiitrltig^cniv t}iJtt Uit-re wun a new comroiaftioil 
brought <]c»wn by tl^c treasurer, MorloD^itud wa» at the 
ito&lfi, I prcflcntly went to the director of thc< Chaacery's 
chiunlMrr, * who eTimvrd it t» iiir, uud sidicL he iriur- 
velJcd much Ijow the chancrllordunt append the Grc«t 
Seal upon aueh a war]'ftiit> \ vicwrd it as weU as I 
Ciiidd in St) short n spnce. At two oVU>ck thi-rtuftcTi the 
ExcUetjiier convened, wiwre, bctorc (he chancellor* Uy 
thiu aigiiuture of comDiiHsion, and the double ia part-h- 
iikvnt iu Latin, with tJie Great Seid tUereul, together 
with two Ictlcra of th^ KingV M'e bein^ ah set, the 
chancellor gavt" the signature in pajXT to the clerk lo 
be read, and the double ill Latin with the eeaL, iti pareb* 
ineiil, to tJie King's Aclvocuti- to he coUatJoni^. The 
clerk had much ado to read it* it w^a« co worn, hciog 
now made uue of ^> years ai^et- it was signed by the 
Kin^. Hilt I, seeing two <if the King's letters unbro* 
ken up, took no exceptions al the signature, (suspecting 
that they did contain something to snpjdy ihr defects 
and infonnHhty of liie tiignutore») till the lellei^ were 
read, which contained nothing of that purjkOKe. Then 
I ro«e up Olid said^v ^J 

■ Hit JciJin tHy>F lit SroLBULrvi'i» ivlio^^ coKfitib rbnlJff^ iDJi]ir1on« nik- 
DUnri|tt. eiiliUvd tliL- ** Thv Hrn^orLug t^l-i tti thv Si^iU Hlhlv-iiivoi," 
|H yruhirfvi-J in tJiu ArlvwatK' Liljmry. 



NAPiEit. " My LonJtt, thiM is q £lraiige sigiiaturer 
Mid MKh ns J tiovt-r hiiw — (ntid \tns going on, my Lord 
Horton iDteitxiptcd uir, and rose from his pUco id a 

Morton. " Thu lir^t duy timt I hnvc Ibv bouour 
lo mi li<-ro, adiI cfiiry thin white xiUtT, 1 mui^t hctir my 
honour cnlifnl fii question inipcrliiR'ntly. 

NaPikr. ^ My Lurd, I Uo not call your hciuour iu 
(|ucfldcitt pcrtincnUy nor iiii[M.Ttliit-utly, ncithi-r i^ it 
lay cuatom tow^rdfi aDy> although some uicu haw done 
M> to lat. 

CnANCK.i-LOR, " By GtH], hitt yini have. • 
("Wbtu IfrjwktibuforrthcLordt^ t n Sv rf^c out Wal thews 
kvtiiKBs my words wcrf, thtit thai busim'ss was report- 
#il to tlie Kin;;, tiy men iU al1Vct«d (u nn?* tiX^t^tt van /tV' 
mett awui, i^rr Jamtn yuUarton : the chaiicc^liur »'u\ilil 
ooiidiid«,iigainHt himfwif A»d the vtTivUtry, th^t 1 huiU 
Atfy w^re iwc/ honest, by coDseqncnce whieh gave him 
ocnnoii to suswtT me sa hniHkly ua thift titne.) 

NAftKR- ** Hut iny Lord* give mc Icavi^ to answer 
my Lord Mort<ru £u^t, Jiad then you when you pkase. 

■OiMVb IhlJcT h*Vin^ obmlnt-rl an finlcr l>ui» tltv K^>);, iiitoTi tliir cUnti- 
■■llDr,to«HcviMii«v^]ii(iiji fur lufiiJiLtDj; (u hii MnjLviy, tmnriing bi>- 
■■rist Na^MfBiiH Wnlllicw^ ndUrri ui unci EHfU^'UivJ,— '" lliu h-iyi^nT ]ir<K 
. itBcad tkr «aiti*<r«, rinil Tht< rlinnn^CLir xrnciM liiiii bnTi* pirkp*il ■nmpk 
Ibillf Aql uf tlivui I'J my dM4l>UJjTn^. 'rituji Hiiil U i uu^uniliTuil tliii 
K^K t» inilnxJ ldiil,«u>l hi- ^UjimTy tvui^nilwr<-i| iL,) nith tlip miuiiwr 
■^ BAttor of thb bhrpiin. To whkh ?(ir Jqedu BoklUc rv|>Uedp iIiaI iho 
iJCtay tecv i> Huf till h ifu qm^oni;<) ; ilqiI Intit brlngublcio ccmuiin 
[■jWilf miif.ihn ienrma Tiot Uki< hi* IwrjcmnA. Mid Ltlmt at] iLktiv-iumplU 
iCHibhllb*^ Kllw'* *vfvir«, Ar whirh fJit- < hMkn^lloc Miu *> rnn^Ukly miut, 
i{i>r h (mtdk*fl him,) lliul lurKi<triEi[( lniritclJ, and niclO". tu' coinmnTirl^'d 
]ia*«al of bit charphur. nliirJi ] woidd iM c1»- rhr I'hhudvr hji* ni>fii> 
vf hh^ bal ft liorfviwd uu. umI wtihiu ilir Kuij^'t tic^iitVi whiftluii L wiriii 
l»f 111* Kin^'* invttattnnl.'^Lvril Aa/iter't MS, 



My Lunl, Uiiniirtg fnwnrdx Mcirtim.) yuiir LiirdNhip il 
very hot wtth.t]if, but he a^aureil iherv is noUiin^ doni 
4inii88 whlrh i-um^Tiivr]tla*r ttie Kin^^'s Merviiv^ or mv in 
my partiruJar, thiil I will niaud iti uur« of «jy inun to^ 
qiuvtion. ^M 

Mi>iiT<iN. " TUiH was <httw by the KiN|>'>* dirvc- 
tioii. 4Uil we wjJl uiir^wrr it- ^M 

MhXTKiTH- *■ A[y Lord Nnjiicr, you nrt- »oi>fl*«ioii-^^ 
dtL' in yoMr vwn pfirtimlnr* that you will not forbear 
to qucHiiuij whnl t)ir King <xiiEili>aii<k-d ' For hia ^tfl4| 
y^iy trUjori hi/ u^hUt' il trtm r/uuftEitid we u'ilJ niiKWifit. 

NAiniiTE. *• If il had hevu tlic Kin^V dtrvctiun, why 
would you iml bofltow upon hljii n ric*»n sho^T. of pflper^ 
and iu^n^HHed tbtwe iiiitrKitiaJ iiuies of yi>\xtis in tbv boOy 
of llic bif^DUtui\\ rather ibnn niude use of tbU old torn 
thin^ ■' Tbrn nn^ilod not the ^ipiinturv, with tin* King^ 
band At il. rtieive vutidily fixiiEi yowv^ upojL (he mSN 

" Jliit lir% that nrVLT lVn^ ^i>hjiiJtcd to do or my any 
thiu|{, fitill nfttrOTcd that bi« Afnj<-sty Mood by till h^H 
^ui^' tbt-in ^iibftcribe, iiijd llorl iL H'n>i hin dirtTtiou I ^1 

NaPIP-K- '* My Lord, I umrvel thut you nrc not 
;i9hmniHl to f^ny so. Let tbr Lords look the dflCv with 
a blacker ink than the rest, ' at White-bull theSHth of 
Jutic« I6:J0:' — /Af-;; yon iverr there^ you say, with the 
King? Voui- IfOi-dshifi hjiH ridden IribU for ^rw ftere 
hae, unii primdcd in eouncif, the ^^Sh of Juttr 1650, 
to veri^ leliioh, 1 desire tbitt the eirrk of Couoeil'si book 
of ^edrrimt luriy hi- jmntiui'd. ;inil, iiiy Litrd ATorion, 
yo«r Lordifhip ^rf out o/'lMiidim btjhftt bim, 

" Mentetlh, 1)einf^' convinced of a manifest niitrutti 
ill pivHiice ul all (he Li>rdM, w^b* tto confounded and suz<- 
prWd nUlj it. \\\i\\ he inndc tbi» answer, n^jthiug to 
ibe (lurpose. — 


Mi:yT£iTll. " My iMitU l brought nol the i>i>:iiu* 

" All Ujjbi wliili* llie LunU were silent, huu^ down 
ifcicir bcadii. ■tid wi-rt" af*lmnuil on ihcir bchtiH', tviid 
trrii llir rhRiKvllor liimni'if f-nt mule- When the 
vigufttun-fl came to be compounded, iity Loi-d JMurton 
iifte<l iiK- kiijdJy unit Iriifiilhirty. uakt'il iny o|)iniori roii- 
Dtniii)^ Ui« ct>tii(Hj>(it]un ^iiid iiuujev uf Uir >ii)^]ijftun^. 
«a that it H'lUE b}' nlE disiHy pt^rcvivrd thai he repented 
liimMlfr aud wutt abluiniol of the biiMike^^a, whcrcuiito, 
by mil appemruitci\ he was Jiiduccd by iht^ other two* fvi 
in fain ow'D tiiilunr he is nttUW m\t\ ^riirroiis, ] a^k- 
od tJuf Lords if 1 f^houUl Ai^bsiribc (he tji^'naiuren, {nf 
purpote lo set before ihcir eyes the iueonyeiiiencu of 
thht ntninHl L-urnJtiisbiun.) * lor Uu' Li>rd-Tivu<iUEVr n 
pc^OTtil, *mlt by ihi* fiiK-couiiniMion. I mn ouly to m'tvc 
im hi9 ahtcfur' 'l*hcn snid iht? <Thnn4<ellor, ' you ought 
to rahMTibe H'itb the re&t/ At tbia lime tbcri! wa^ u 
u'omiiil piv*rnt<'dtjf 5000 |hnimN Mu'riing to myLoixl 
Mufton. * 'I7ieu (haid J, J itiy I'Onls vth/jt>^aJ] Ih.* dune 
witli thb. My Lord Mortou canuotsc't hia hand to bis 
own bufiiiiesx, and J rutriiot. iK-^euiiM* he U pivMcnt, ami 
wiihout one of our hjind^ it in oot ivuivribh- in 
vbnjuee?' To whkh I bad uo nnsntr. * Dul {aiiid [.) 
tf my hand euii svrvr the Eurl of Morton, heKhidl have 
it uricb nil my hc.ti't, for uo iciuo will grud^ ni ui\y 
ifaing thL- Kin^ bestows on hJin/ JVreriviiig ihou (bn 
Olb drviee uraK not liketot^Ki' riri^et. iiwy bi'^au tiinn- 
•dvev to find fault with thf couimiMioru nt> dcfeetive. 
TbcM imswig^^ U'irig n-klcd In thr King, (for Kin^ 
have loD); car^,) hv dtMlik^'J lhe»^* procei^liu^**, hh I uiti 
lofurmed, extremely. Vit hik-Ii wuh the Iiojut. of ihf 
Knwt ivrvicc thin combjniiliim wo* to do, (which lo ihiA 
bMir dkl nothing but to bi^ hv.ivy |iVeiljui)itv, nod thi Ir 





ttwa |>riiBl,) iUat Uc wa» voninui lu take no iiutJcv 
of it, 

" I resMvcrl then lo p> to court, and, »ome dsya be- 
fore I wniU MciLteitli hmt uj) hisi man, Mr Ilcury 
DnimnioniJ, tvhh a Irttcr. drnwn up by hiinudt'oud the 
^eewinry, fiitil i*ia up li> tJic sorrrlur^'^ii hoii, wl»o wajt- 
m1 there in ab^vnce of tijs fatlicrr, w]jo wai^ in ScK>tliiiid« 
the contents whereof were li> .'•toy tiic by ibe way, or 
to ctiininaiiil MifT to return ni^am into Seotlnml. TIjift 
letter tva^ to b« signed hy the Kinjjf, and >lr Henry 
wn-s ttj inn-t me iijKin the way, and l» deliver il to me. 
I rode on my own boraes lo Berwick, and pnrpovcd to 
Bend tlit^m bjick, and take jmM ihere, \rherc tho prisl- 
muhter tob) ine, (huviug ui^k^d who rude last,) thfit Mrfl 
Henry wn* gone up post, and lold him he wiu to ride™ 
night QikI day, nnd whs rery sbortly to eome Imck. 
tJgKtn whii-h I eoitjectmvd tliut lie wa^ 8ent up to pro« 
cure my stay or return, (a^ indi.'ed ite \vnn,) upon HomoS 

lisinfonnwtion. Therefore, to prev'ent their pnri*(«u,^ 



I ch^tnjced mine, and upon my own horaes rode on th«, 
western way, wtierr no pontlyeth. 

" 7'bc secrttflr>''K »uii liuvinjr presented tliiit letter 
iny Slay. fortheKiiip'ahand, A'>w«/>j/y t/ircw it auxtjf, 
M/rifin^t fh'tti tnnn htitit suffered v^tam^k ntnmdtj ; uiid in 
place tliei'«of made hini write niiother to me, mo^tgra- 
elouftand favonrabk^ which liL-sipned. Thi>^ letter wni^ 
given to Mr H^iry Druinmond to be^lven lo me, but^^ 
hegave it i<j iih maaUr^ (who then was on hisjonniey.) 
with the copy thereof sent down hy the Keerrt^iry's »ini,f 
whi(^li htj no vtntns I could ever vome to tAe slgkt ^^ 
although \ got knowled|fe of llie tcimr afterwards. 
How pioon r cjinie lo t'ourt I had ^jH-ech with hin Ma* 
jeay concerning llieae bu&ine&fles, who said, that 
could not but Quknowtedge my gtJorl service, my bonestyj 
and integrity, but thjit be was informed thnt the prin-* 



dpal^lttciaritaiid I could tiut agree, whereby Liaiwrvice 
wasi hindrrcil. TH*^n dc*jircd I IiIa Majesty to try whoi^c 
lauJt it wm, — -ttinrs, who u'entubovit ioutU*i^ pn:judji-itil 
Ui bim and Ibo country, or mine, wlio oppoai^'d t]^(<in 
outofduty to1>od,aiiit to hjiji- Hut nutdjtntii; to itinbtt 
further (d thb point, ft^urini? Wt the Kiu^ shuuld huvy 
tv-iolvtfd ii> cocitiutie loi* in ibflt service, which was coo- 
tnry to my doi^irr. took the opporUiHiiy, — * Thi?ri. Bir, 
rinoe ih^yhave raad^ your Majebty think thnt 1 hiudcr 
your [*wvice, I tvill nut Ih? rdViititnry to your Mnjrhty's 
dt^iiVfl; but your Mnjc«ty jfi a ju»t King, unU cuiiuot 
tiiko that plnre fronk mv but by ooriseiit^ or for a crime, 
aiul us. fur u crime, ilyuui' IVJiijt^ty hi- not SHtisHcd with 
wb4tt n pajii, f will rrfuxe no farther tnar, bow ejuict 
•oevfr, bdng just, and yottr Majcsttf judge' • Then 
Ui-t- KittfT* huviiij; a-wdinmiy tavrjuraibli? wards ncknow- 
ledging iny faithful wrvice, wiHtdoit' lospcnk with Men* 
leltli.who,lieaafd,wahiny kiiisjnnn. * Truly, Sir, (sddl) 
hr i^my kinsman, but wdft nevt^rniy frieud. and certainly, 
Iw and I fthalJ ncvcrngrcc/ — ' 'J'hrn,' replied the King 
ttiniliikj^, ' ht' x^ ill lake it for a di^^rmv if \\\r Iht nut the 
doer of it/—' Then Uai<t 1) I sbaU Wlk with Uim/ " f 

* Mf Bnvlki liJiA wtitf^f] volnminoufly i^n thtaulij^t of I.'Iibi!h I., 
wllb4i«(, •«mlnj;t>» hniififi t'jniii''! ■ juqi M(a ui Lim ii^ jt Kin^ or h 
^■D, 1| ^ tculy t^vi'^*^^''"'"^ '" iiL^^'iipl fo porBiiJuli? th*.^ ivurU fJiiil 
f1ari« WMt ■ iiivu«Ctfr v( ilv*pucie vruvlt)', — ^upabl^ lur 1ji>|iiuc>v, of i»< 
wiiiltwi oMcT for tho prlmct vhv(^d(W uldidut inul, (k. f. uiunlerjfpf 
■ ■jblimm tn priHui^ Wf iihiJLdiiit iUux Lord Nupkr.and inJ<vd«my 

t 'rta fvHll viBi, tb»1 Tiv|u«^f *■• Ht flirt joinyji wirl» Njipl^ m jmat 
UjajBIM 4tPlrtt. " trttlinllt fw ut pviiaiuUH of tvMtli lie wuv [fliul, ur 
MCT J rt, >ft 1 1tiok a kit* of l^iv Kiii|i'k Li>]ii1 n]HPii it, Mtoiivirh sad 

IKtCin UMtiiitf not Uitliko >» Utl^ l]iulii'> Elvutg niuji tni* i.-Tirr rnpipc 



It was ainu\ suoh an ninmnphrrc of petty but t\\%. 
tracting factian^ that Charltr^ ttit* Firsl pu^^t-d ihi- hfuirt M 
permi of h\s reign wliit^h. nt tlic time, u-ns tbe acJmin' 
UOD aiiU vuvy of Euri^jn- fi»r iu nivpnr^-nt prtupvrtvy 
imd rrp«sc. Even tbe few pages of aecrvt hiHtory Viv 
have 4|uotj:-il, iK^sJdes ikffordEu)^ Miuir iit&tnulivc rieu'Ji f 
of the charj»oit*r?i of Sccjtdi euuiu^illorK niu\ rourtirrs 
Bu^^'st rclhiiioux ti«t ttnfnvt^uritbJc to the King. The 
ecenes arc during thoKe fi.'-w yf8r*i imii>tv]i;tti.-]y ppt'cnl- 
ing the revolt of ScotlanJ, when, saya Ckmuiun, " Jiii- 
ttfin tiij(f}'4-(l the f!;i'euteHt calm rtut\ iUv fiil[r>Lt measure 
of felidty thut any jieoplt' in any age for ho long lii^ie tu' 
girtlirrhHvebL*L>i]bles?u?d with," DutM'cfleebovv ttinulJ n'ju 



ViJii^iirioii*ihrtn they both, hutHiffrrcpt in tin- v\\i\vv,>n^ ollUul tu- 
mour l^ur Elji- ttK'vlbry wwt nKmia iui(M{iWEir]||lir flqftvrvTEffhioufJC 
Out! ilrvv- ull iliactiun^ fr^mi fbvif |im|H>r mlijiNl 4v Ait on prait^- 
Mumvlrh iliil tbv taian, hm. at kg ifiotiffhi, mure luMly* bai Indooil i« 
riJU'uhiiiiily iiaiptvuTDntii^r^rinirtblxiAUlliiHiif Id wbomit wiw nOiiic<l~^ 
LortJ jV'^/'Cf'i ,V.s, 'Hipiw {>rtrTnitB «iv mvthjr nf «hp|H*ii of*:iBronili>i>s 
ifk'lnul, hmd NkLjiM-r ■iiii'Wvil iUo irDublffl, ind conipMnl lii« 1ii>b:irv, litr 

l><- UtuukIiI Ici HiiLh bhitijiv. niui[i v^ia^ c'lmn^Ui'iiout |ivr*iii>, lV'f*fiv Kj'fi^ 

iL-iit irf ibr fmvy-cnuiidl, tuifl mt exrnKViliimry Lort) uf St*Hkin. Ht 
wa4 Wllltnro linxham rfi>vi.<iiTl> VMr^ if Mi?iitL-iiJi, and itnnlLf dcmiHlvd h 
from IttftH^rt II-. in ulkitiC vlik-fT ton hy 1^ii|)1i('MjifL Koos, David E«rl (iT H 
Sl-n»Tln'rn. Mimlpit^i »-■* ■c*rvflrl h*iir, whuli xi^nUr wm miifi.-] Uy thi- 
i'uyiU |«1vikr. SIbT July UiSi, oiilhori/inj; bim fn 4%<iiin^rh<- filli? ul tvt 
i>f ^mltivri] mill Mvntvicli, At tliUlujjL-il wii««upimkl.iI iJiut Eu|iUtfuiiu 
AoB wu* [lifjfrjif wirv cf ItuWrt li- (mill Hvi EluuWii Mury, ^Liliitt- 
qutDily ajotrtiiiriL-d lo hnw K^vn mi,) Bod thv iirtfru[>4loti lo tlic 
cmwn o(Sc4iiLjiititp iDvolvcil ia fbiv *«rTLc«, WAug^dti^il tu CIuuIl^a, 
eiip««btly by Dnnnmiiml nf 11»wih'irnrli-n, n^ dmujrrmtM Ut bin rrovrn- 
*3':cit*liiivi»t ■■>■•, 'bnl whpn MenMih rpni>nnn--f hi**"liilTn lo Tht Crowa 
hv 'Mtl Ml luaiLvr imurval'iou of liu riffLt ut' Muoil, hjiJ LtwpUKl tfaitt bv 
hBd;Ap rf(W**r t/yo^ m ScuilintiL AiKvtiiln^y Ink (illi** wti\»3lli«C 
luddu ill KlX'Lt JiTuI liu iluixlvefl \fi' bit uICJlub Uftil L<riiflut>il \vr n fimtf lu 
htf^nwh ialoof Mt^nivith- BmI wKi-tk clni^xKirt nf Itjo 4>tIlit riEliit thp 
Enridam of ,^lith wn^ mrifi^rrprt upi>n hint. It wiu bfi I'Mt^t v^n, t<nn1 
ICilpnEi1,^wbi» iviui Hf hEiiii.-ly luhrilfrinl iit Miji>trTiv'* I'linip, iriilii*][VrfiU.*]y 




ibe tlHttVi vDJoyvJ by the irkoimrcli, uf tlmi iiuUoiml tsaa^ 
for promoting which he ha^i obt^ited th<^ euluj^y fjf the 
KffvlClarcnifaMi, though Mr JJnlhun will iiot:iilniit fhal 
itWMRi^t«d. * Wiiluionicstii: virUie?. sind prkntcac- 
roiripltehnietitb, iiilbjitdy btipi^rmr to rht* »gL- in wJ^i-h 
lie Huflen?d. H'e fuid thi» tnily ChrietiaM Kin^, — in 
titr ftkiiglr item uf HTitltij^ dnirnK and dir^piirt-s among 
ihonK leiuling KooUiiu-n to whom In- Icmki-rl fur nHstpi* 
■ncr ill ihi; ifoveriiiiienl of Scotlaiid,^deCj.-iv*?d, liaras- 
»od, chfslcf], iii7<ulud rind diufod, nt ihi: very tirm^ to 
vl»k!i Mr Hallfttn aIIuiU-e wbun lie snya, " wvv may 
Aclu>ovrl«df^ viilioiit hesitnfkm tli^t the kioj^dom had 
gTQWU duriiifc ili<>* iH.-nud inU* rL-uiHrk:ibie pniH|riTity 
■nl afilurixv/' Hut if the King's own disposition* 
created Doflw of tills bnpjiiaws, (ih^ position Mr Hnltnm 
maitituiiib a^uiusl Clart'iidun,) iivitlier. uUb ! wtia it fur 
the Kin^ tu »hare. Wir au^pett niivr all, tluit i^iidi <^oii* 
tcaipomry Qlmrrvrr^ n* Lard Maivudoii iji Kj^glinli uf- 
filin, ftEHl Lord NapicT lu ScoU-li, !irc >infi'r fjuJdcj* To 
ourrMJmuli.- uf llii- qiudity of tiK' tliii4^K, rind l!ie (:ha- 
ractorut'tlH-Ktiig. tiiati i?itltt-r Mr Hfilluiuor Mr liruUle. 
" Tliin proccdiug Kclaiion." Lord Nnpicr Knys". " bcin^ 
writlifii ilk liiiHtir, and in^x-iibcl, iiiniiy iKi«ea|^-H bdiig 
o*nillrtl. fiw brevity "»*iLkf. which iujkLi have shown the 
iniquity of tlicVL*tiifj<v,f i» m-VL-rtlit^lenff niimt Irut-. And 
lltcreby ihojadirjoua may perceive the fon:icrxc(t)<dninn- 
iwr of ^Vfrnmcm shaken by frequent injtovjitiona lu> 

• Hmt lldlUm'" l'*ni*nr«tii>nfll iTuTiTry of l^n|flfin>l,t'hAp viUr 

f- 71h^ OBiiiwi'CK anj uiiU'h fit tw iv^frvllvil. Iltiil tin* KitliiTti>ii ut 

■amvdittjr itiviHrrkid oHiIb UvUiUin, [iu. uiJiTiMJ, w djv lufnnjiiN) \^y 
V^hktttf %balt hti mrtvtily dicl» in n" muM <0)i}i4jr>iiv iliMJuuivk.' uf iUi?uri' 
(fal of <b« tiimiotU in (infti hili«ln."j ^mh 4 hi^inry woiikl hiivi' liuvn 
ABCHi vfeluiihL? aitdiliun (i> th*f ul rljirciultJii, vfhu niu bitt III intbriuvd 



t^rtfiiceJ and practised, lactiotis in Court and state 
ii-r<H]i, uui^ufialJous, ualumitiest and A§per£iuu6 urdiu^iry, 
nnd, wliidi wa^ worsf^, ri>mbina1ion§. anil ho^v^ given 
LliiTuby of great service to the Kin|;, wilkoiil any [icrfur- 
maiKVi but, by the cootrary, his Mnjeaiy'?* just and jjra- 
douH iTii-tinatiun nbut^d by Kd^iriformaiJoiLi*, his ^an 
Ul<]rl(cd up ivud ku Fttrui;r!ttly beleagiired thut trvfA muftt 
not approach t^m, — ctml mil for tlicrir own profit mud 
prejmliL'O of tht' King and State, — tliP pre^L'ticv of ho« 
iic%X iiLcii, who could Dot comply with ttitfUi iiitb«irob^| 
fifjur r(miHea> so Jmtrful lliut 1b<y ouuld not i^nHiirc Jt. 
and no bold* in coD^Jdcrittloii of (ho stivri^lh of Iheir^ 
lea^utra, that they did not stick to Jahij}j the Kiit^J^ 
hmid, surreptitiously to tUut hU tatgatitifit xa/urritrrip- 
tioM, ftDd to frnTiie leltcrx ftnUranj fo hitmcanh^, aiid 
man^ether thiugH iifthittkind"'' So lauch for Charleii'i 
<-ijj<jyii]t-iil of ttu? rvfioire of this pastoral poriod of Uis 
reign- Id illUiEtrntion of hi^ sbarc of its t^fflurnef, lot 
us I'utI anolhcr ^lory from Loi'd Napier's manuscnpl. 

"His Maj«iy intended a journey into Suvlland. but no 
money hiring in hi* rofTers thon.'* Chniicellor Hriyninde 
oflVr oft^'u thousand pounds Slerliug, for his Mnjcflty's 
eDttTtuiiiiuent during the time of hia abode iht^rc*, upon 
ronditinn \\v. inigbt Imve ihe toUeetiuu of thi^ tnxation^^ 
at which ho ever aimwl most earnestly for the bid pn 
ill that was therein, cB|»ecin]ly the exIraorHinary, an Jj 
pohitiori of hin own inveution. I'hib gullvd Meulfitfaj 
Nithihduk, und thut faction, wbo Jcft no mcmnx nnmt-r' 
tempted lo cross the t^ame. But it waji Mtill cnU-rtnJn- 
cd, no uthtT appearing to offer a betler expedient. The^H 
dt^t earnestly with me to luuke ofTer of money, mnd 

intf lliu Ku% 'luring tIil- rurivi4|inm]i:]tcc fit'l^El ht> Mi^jvmty wid ihi 
Mu'-LuU ijf LliUjklUvii. viliUM vrilh fils fluut inlbo Frilb of P«lh, in 103^^ 




fMBlmtd to concur fur tbc levj-tiif^. allriJgiiig tlie tiva^ 
mrrr's imUgtiiiy, and minr, tf nnnihrr should d;> that 
ffliicli beJurifft^d to uur [A»oe. LillltdiJ tla-ir>>|icvcl]Vi; 
novr nu\ {wh^ knew ihtir L-i]d».} mid Uti-ir promises 
hn8,a»mnD)iinfsiif1ftlint, whoever ndvaiJctMl th^ niuriiry, 
llie trtaflvrer sod 1 vcre to ««e it tpt^nt, und Id nnlcr 
th« cntfTlAtiimPnt ; and, o^tL't-mjii^ the chnnc?flor*s nd- 
nuMHug of luonry no i^iuntcr iiidigMtty (o u§ tljitn iC [t 
were dope by a incrrhant, I never filirred till I ujider< 
vtood, cUrwIierc* tliai iUv cbaiiccUor htid wui to Scot- 
Jaod for Sir Jmock B.iillic« and that thoir purjK?«e wjik, 
tfe one by sdvnneiog the moticy, tlit* vtlitr by inciting 
pnmNioiiM,lo IbniHL my Lord Trt-iinun-r nnd rnr om of 
■11 einpli>ymciit ; and, considering the avarii-e of Llie uui? 
nnd the ambition of ih<' otlinr, J was confidciit of my 
lutclliyeDCir. Tlivii feiill'ered I n^yhelf lii Iw |H-rHnnflrrf 
bf Uenteilh fttid NUhiidnle, and tlir rii?«t, and snadv 
(HFertoliia Mujeety of w> much ae should e<?rvL- hirndnr- 
ioff h]^ ubode in Scotluiu], teUinf^ that I did beiievr the 
Lxwd Trvajinrcf would do the like, without other c<iDdl> 
tion than a^urancc of repayment, leavtn;:; the nr^t to h'iit 
Mujc^y** ffuod pleasure. He took my ofTrr in VL-ry good 
paftt conunnndhig me iort^|»iir to him> within twodava. 
fOTMIBVer, whkii I did. 'iljcn he told n>e he uuiild 
ettftploy mU the faiateamen (of whom I was one) to t;ikc 
up tbc moiMry, giving them uHburujirt- upon hitt rent^ 
and UxDtl<jnK. I did nnieh commend hh Majvf^{y\ pur^ 
poae, and leos glad of il, for iherrhy J was freed from 
Uie haurt) of ddvuucejuent of so ^^eut a nujn. and thr 
rigbtn of iwr pttcc not in the eounne to be impaired. To 
DiU effivl his Maji^ty sent UilrrHlolheollieiRrMofi-^fflte 
vho were in Scotland, llils delay* together with the 
odrlce of the Lorda, Kngliuh and Scottlflb, did put olT 




Lifl journey LiU Uie next siiriiig,* He wtnl a ppojcn-s«<, 
ftud I took my lea^-c for St^otlniul. Biit> while hin Mo* 
jtbly wan u( H<wnili<* tlic niiswei- nf Win }vXii-r cjiTiic il|i, 
nut duly refusing his flesire, but advising b(m to colJ A 
conv^*iitioi], and ImiKwir (I umt their very words) u taX" 
ntioii : aiid. if hi* Mujcaly would need have them levy 
money, thry timught it rvD^oiinblethntt'vcry moti bnir- 
iii^ WfLrntobQ^ h-vs, ov pi/r^ioii^ (>ut of the e^clK-qutT, 
(who, iodeiMi. for the moat part art* poor, and liave ao 
other ineana M live) should bind with tlii^m for \\\c 
money. At which his Mnjt^ety was much oflVndcil, as 
he h»d gnod reoson, nnd fJ"i jrNJfjvcf //int Mry A«// no 
mind to ^ee him there. At tliis lirtie Archihutd CdmplH<II 
beiu^ at Court \vi\s- told of the letter hy the secretary, fl 
whi> njiked him wliere I wns, nud if I would yet lin- " 
dert^ke lu fui-uihh the Kin^ money for his journey. Hu 
answered that I wan Mtill in Londoiu and was asstircd ■ 
that I woidd do nny thing J wusahlefor the KingV ser- 
vice. f This hcinff reported to the King, ArchihaM 
Cmnphel] U'AK pr<?4eiitly dinpntehed away with n Ic^tter 
to mc AViidi I cmue, his Majesty told me that he re* ■ 
reived n most shameful refusal, and nsked me what I 
would do for hini. N'olhin^, Sir, (said I) (es^ than I am 
ttble, und, if my fL'iendst who are to engage tbeutMelves 
for mc shall see fl sure way of relief, if yc want moiie^ 
yt- hLuJI Majae me. hut I will desire your MajeHly ta 
give coiuiidasfou to your offieiarft lo order your enter-^^ 

• TTii* Wilt Ihi* nivijiornblc coroiiiiti*n \U\X tu SonUutid, which, 
OlUijr dbinyfe. Eliu KiitK «.-lTih;LuiL lu 1D33. U mu uittj Juu fiidvX Ut liiufe 
OiJiii ilk- nvkt vihJi In loll, wlii<ri. iu H|iiU>i hh vwidjull Qml. crr;]ic KeLt1< 
oiia c3[i?rr1oni4 of MoniT'>rh? nit<l Nnfitor \o uvc hlm^ fain M^JooIy wrui \\r~. I 
liiulty ilvtlirimrd %i\ ^'jtlmul. 

t Archihiil'l iBmplicIl wm d broIhoT nf ^r JarnvB Campbell ^f Ia( 
f4% Ifo fLgiirDB ilitrtnjr ftu' troublL-B u the fonltdtnrlAl t^uni nt ihvit 



Imitm^titt and if tilings W iiul ui-ilerly limie, \cl your 
U^ie^iy blanae tfcwm, for I cannot take tJiat uipon mv," 
After muTuling hjs /irnjTi^?tm-iit>i to rnrry fliis |»lnn 
kmo rfltct. Lord Nflj>kr pn.Kceiis, " I Went nbout 
Ibr ftimishiiijf of Aurh iliitf^ as couJfl not be coii- 
nnicutlf bod in ScutUnd, npecially the banf[UL'ttiii^ 
Mnff, for whirb I ufrrrt-il with Kotiert VValthc^*', 
Mf^gnmt of Ibr Kiiifj'n cruifi'ttionHiy, iit tirtlinniy 
ml**, for Tv&dy m&aey, (not <larirjg lo trust auy oilier 
vHii tbnt wtik-h wa«i for lb« Kin^'t* awn month.) And, 
ni Ardiibald Canapbeirn doiire did oITlt ibe t-ii^pJi>)'- 
locfit find^-r rat to Sir .Tnmos BriIIIc, of whuni, bccau^ 
I dull bare odvti tnTU^iuu Ui iiaiue htm, J ?7hjilJ once 
forftQprivchiH chnracter. He was Wely boru, unci liml 
hb e<dcication UTitlcr a biitcbrr, * — tbc iLeigbt of bin 
MUiy waa lo Le dtrk of u kitcbeii, — citrrmefy enibi- 
tHMU, — EUid, to attain bis cIiUk, would give Ijtr^ety of 
thftt vrbkb hi^ hnd got indir«<Ttly. Tbis man did rt>< 
fiiMit,<ki»>wlii^,by ]ong«xperivnce,|}jathunlly»ibould 
he mak^ tmlnwfiil brnd'il u-bere 1 wiui to looklo biin*) 
jirefrnilmg disability, iinU n de^i'ro to retire from pub* 
lie wrrvjCM ; whereby I coajei-tunt] tbut bv lind SLimc 
wicked pi^rpOM-n. rk iTicU'c-tl be- lim^ ft>r wttbin two days 
after b^ went toSootJamI, pcwM^^ifcii the Lurd-Treusnrcr 
that I Weill flhoui lo toko bis pWc from hlni^oitd, por- 
reivii^ tJM- alfiriam i>f c^tule to be hO oflt'iubnl uiih rne 
(for daring Co iindorl.ikc wbiit tbcy bad refused.) tlmt 
they re*olT*d not to gtw wny To any warrant I nhuuld 
bring down, roiiceived hopes that by tJidr tnrona I 
[nigbl bcdifpUccd, and blmHeir tkuccced." 

* VapWr mmniHii dml Fhillii' hml tiiO'Ti itii> Trnknitt fHuhil of thir liM 
fcMlrct^tpMtt> »ir UlJcvn Mu/ray. iimlvr uiium tip tffth ii m^Evrr, 
^ml mt^ imUrly tr^ud lo Dual bL imliini, <tul litf Oii^Lt ffvr ilir plu^p, 
^ Iw nn* trted ^ \jat^ Sti^Avt. ITi> uiu »T(»h>tt of liir mvv, miil, 




In coTisef|ucnoc of this nieau IntrigtiiTig of tljc- Scutdi 
factioniste, — not for ih^ " good of the state/' but out of 
" ^pltftrii Ui the ijci'sutis \j\ mt^n, and llivir own (irivutc 
JDlc-rci^l,'* — thifi. scheme, to asilst the King wjtll fnoocy 
for hia todg pn>jocU<(l vi^lt to Scotbuiil, wan fnietnitedL 
anil llic royal uarratita wliieh Lord Napier brtumht to 
Scr>ttjuul wtTe nctuuUy rvftMi-il i\t ht* ruwivi-d, '* Upoa 
which," »jay*i hr, " I R'Holvcdto f^>up to xhnw hi» Ma-i 
je&ty what ruh§ his si-rvicc hnti got in my person, ttal 
hiu MTvici* tntffht not bv dib!ip}>uiTilL<d> but (liui hf niijcht 
remove thcni. or take vome other courNc in due timcv'' 
On hi^ joumry, howt*vcr, N;jpic'r wns rnc«vmter«<l 
lit " Cubbrand&pnth, " by Roxburgh, Archibald Cuinp* 
bell, and Sir Jarntrs Baillir, who peraunded hiin to paufie 
eight dnysi »n the nind» until ihry shon^d ciimrmmicate 
with the l^arl of Mar. with ^ view of acoominodatinf; 
matters. Then they brought the draught of letter lo 
i\w Kiii^, for Nnpirr tn »ign, so woj'd^d as to imply a 
vtdunury rettigik^lion by bim, Jn favour of Mar, of the 
emp toi'mi-nt lor \«'hii'hNa|jifr bad uhtalnrdt [lit ruyal war- 
rant to him>iclf. " This (says he) not giving sutisfjict ion, 
they persnndpd nir to go to Tnntngliarnc lo the Earl of 
HaddiugtoD, ' wbo undoubtedly would hiid a tt;mper€^H 

■ Tltit WTn »h("ri»[»»limt>vlTT*rtmiwniV[nilE>ii)nf l*pir-rtfiftd, (itynanip** 
lirauElt ipI llumjllmi of lih>vrwitL.) LvJivi*» l,f\ii\ AAveu^tirio l^90,*iiil 
PrvHkliiDt uf Uiv i-'vutl v'f Sv«*i(iu ill Ifl1«( liuviii|f Imjou jjrvvlirtinli nu& 
ed D> tbv pvti.>ni|[v by tittr Eitiv oT LurrI J^liiiihiiE iiJid llytvH, In Itim. lio 
vtw citntvl DirL of Mk?tro«e. und como ynm aflcr^'urJ^ Eurl lyf Uad- 
dinjcbm. t^jnm dn<< nivruinn, when pr«alilinjc In >hi- fuurt of SoHaaa 
** in VI imptnhntinti tf Jiwrit^ which di* l^mJii vn-rp r-rnivinr rd wn* ^rjit* 
«d, but purilod fof wnnT of rl^or p]v>fif, U>rii l^innmK tnkina np f|ii» 
wril in hin lumd, mid Li<ddiiiK ■' IwEwixt fiini Biid tliti ^if(ltl» di*«:uvurvil 
tbi- foigcry hy tbv tEurnp uf ibvpUfivrv th*i fir»iE |)4|ii.^ nf micli ■ ntHiitp 
ttviiitf (HAltiriur (<i iliu dutv ut ibv writ i|UiirrvllL-iL Ae nnvtbur Uiuv j 
lligblBD'l witCKw in n <ikiiiiu, ivlic» ItJid Iwi-^n hnni |mt to U by lu> t^rd- 

In tWvmif nl'rhr r-rtmv \ii\ff)\sidv\*vi] bim In bi'Wh/r nl'rhr m^n wirh ihc 
pkrlridjircjc"— ^/V^trfu /orAcii CW/^t^iirti ^ iJfntrtma. Among 8lf 



■Ind lo |»]m0v ii« tH>tlj> \Vli«n vrheo I cftmc he went 
alioat to pprnuadc in*^ to expun^^o ihesp wortU, ' my 
namte joiDtly witb liis,' on uf ciu ini|iurtuiii:c ; bul 1 ua- 
ift^Uwcl tbc importAncc of them, nnd thdr ntttritiuilB 
too, forrerUinly if onysiidi Ipilorlun] h-cn snit by tuet 
Ibey vould Uavc ur^d it a« ah ari^ument of my uiiwor- 
lihlocvM oT tlmt viii\j}oyjni.'aU ^lio 1lji<I i^o buet^Jy ^'U'uii it 
vnr.** Tlie miik of tl^in pcUy fuction wae^ tlmt Lotli 
tbc Barl of &Iar adO Lt^ril Nnpj«r were drircu to re- 
al^ their rvA|>t-<-tivti ufficoM, before thr Kingtrainu to 
8cotLaod to be crou-iieJ. 

ThrcMigliotttajl the sccuei which LonJ XnpicrthiuprU 
VHtely rreord^i}, iwith no view to a defiance or^'iilogyof 
llw KiuiCj uu( yet umluirkiMl an the >rrvul u*:i uf Lin liuu- 
hieSfe) ire look in vnin for lh*-tt Tt/rant whom Mr Broilie 
hKiHilabnrioiis]yimngincii,Andof whoniiii^i^yp;, — " hml 
xhU misguiclt-d prijit^evL'UcoTifineil biinselflo tbc illegal 
sod uriclGnJ deviirv uf eJLtortittjf tiioiiey frujri ibe bubj4rcl, 
Ui couduct wooM hjtt% been \ks& exposed (o cviiburv iu 
rivil foatlem than it ntsctsurily w'ae ; but hjj< arbitra- 
ry sad hn cnpncious bysk^m of ^'overiiirK-rit ri-^adiL-d 
depavtmentfl wht-re he siecinsf tu baw iutruUnl fur tlic 
parpoMT only of proving; the plc-itttudc r^i' bin jKin-cr; 
the bAck&ey^coachcs iu Loiidoz^ offei^dvd hit eye, otid 
tbrTv*focc \\e impo^d severe regulaiious U|X>o them, nod 
ratricted their iiLuubL-r-"* Wl- piiy tlii? hlnUjrian who 
hoji Diofe ayinpathy for bockucy-coachea than for 


^■|ih ■!>(* Ihia Rati, wfalvh w« tfivr ia Di(>4«m ortLj^j^mphy^ — 
llc«» lia A Lofd^ wtia. wbilc ht oioiidi 

U«J iMliiiUai bcvrit bud hi,i lumii 

TUa iii^Uiiali't a 4f Udhip ^hnn^ 
AdH >t maj^ aifd JiayllnTilr la It, 

Mj iMimct LflTil rouW nuv^r Avi it. 
* lOiMn «f Ui» »mi«|i RviiIt«. i4, V7V, ^ 

VOL. I. K 



Chftflcs L, aud who, tti liiv futipiiikg iruilravoiin to 
prove ihal niouardi a. inotwtcr, curicbew n !i1storyJ 
of the British Empjre wj(h hMch InrU and exdaoia-i 
lion* ns, — " What wilJ ihe render thinlc of ■ pru-j 
HaiDJilJon pruh tin ting thi- um* of iinnllloti, niid coni' 
mamiiiig tbat of bits?"'* Let it Iw our liuniblrr but] 
)Lapjni-r tnjsk to call atlention Co tliU traitor Charli 
thai whcti, for a fncliuua purpose?, tin- old Efirl of Mi 
•' feU down upon his kiice^s with bis cruichfs, and will 
IcntK intrtfltt'd l!ie King — ihiis jitirring pity to 
iiijuMice — the Kiijg said, ' My Lord. 1 wouJd do 3roi 
ony favoiir,bTil 1 cajitiot do injustice for ymt;" — mid Hu 
whvu u itoiiiinnnt fni^ticm, u|>oii ivhom his M^efity fi 
ciitirdy deperdent iii the govt-runic'ut of Scotland, 
FrTiiti^d, for Iii^ sigrkiiturt-, a tyrounicjd l^Iti^r agaimi 
fmthfiJ servotit whose only power was his inicgritj 
•' bj^ Af djcjity threw it away, sayiug. ' Ihia n^aii has 8Ul 
f<cred fiifm^h nireudy.'" 

Hut tho 9iu1>ji-ct of thc-^c noble- (OLprehaionb u'aa not ii 
etnublrto n wvnknvM in the ehnrn(.icr of rimrlcn, whtt 
waiH at the not of all that niunarch'g ntiflfoaiuni 
Mr D'lfiratrli qnolfs froui the Sloafie rnanii8criptn 
ri-mnrk of 8t John, Ifmt *^ tbt- truth is thi- Kirif^ hai 
an imh^ippines^ iu adhi^ring to, and unwearicdly pui 
Sluing. lb<; Jidvicea of others, and mistrjistii^ !ii 
own, thotj^lk (lUeii'tiines more safe uud betl<;r tluHQ 
thojK* of other |>erjion't," Clnretidon nlso saj-i*, " be 
hud an i.'xcplk>iit undei^taiidirig, but wa8 not confident 
of it, which inctdi;hinioftc]i<timrs change Littowp opiaion 
for A wonce. niid follou' the ndviee of mc^n thrtt 4lid iio^H 
jud|fe so well as hiinseUV Thtw opinionh weiv rt^crrd^^ 
td alttr th<? ^c«ntfH uf tbe great ltebe]iJ<m had pnsvd 
away. Lnnl Xnpicr inu&t Itave bt-i-n a clunt- and p1>U 
Jo^ophicalobMTver of the times, atid of the Kin^, tohare 

■ Vd. ii. p-fao. 



•ulnl <loui>, with n NpirJI of prophecy, rellL^ciionHtn the 
ttry wmme rfftct before Xhvsv not<ijfS had (!umif:eiK-ei]. 
Thfti Charles, tboiiffh after the? Aeaih of Biw-kin^harn 
lie =u«uintd the rn^tf of fp^vcrnmeut, rjever bliorik olT 
hilt t»riy htkhtU of dtpt-ndrncy, — tfaAt he p]ace<l n fnul 
rrhuwo OD the proliity (.if curtain Sooti-hnien ahout hia 
penoOt who rcl w'<;re no fuJllil«b?i jih tc> ntdJ hih c«rrc- 
■fiandnMv and turn tlii^itinat tiirtHt-lf, — thnt he wmcvcr 
m ilaTe Ut fKwnaitMm, vio thai thr Ar^t fnffjc* ntvps of his 
UMTXperiencvd j^oveminentf the "unspAsonable,iinskiiruT, 
iumI prvci|lttatc<l iIiBai>litti cuts'' * of h'lb houi' fitiil uiigene- 
rouspariiun^nt*. vrcrctmcre^^n hix Fiivouritcx tVuin popu- 

Jar ptirMiit, — ihfit hii: pUtns niiil putrintir iritrntinii« vHth 
nq^rd lo the church and state of Scotland litrjied to his 
nun. from a t<K>imj>lRit r^iiatice iipnn llie rush policy of 
t^nd, — alltfaeHc-L-]rnutLHtutict*Hureiiiuuriitullyrunimerit- 
f4 upoD by CI»rc!ndoti, a» havhjg b»a instnimonial in 
tJi» H'rvrk o^emplre that tfntc«fii4'n lived to deplore 
Bat befon tlie utune of Covenanter waa applied, or the 
Coreoonl tnuigiiied, Lonl Napier hud, in thi:«c div 

I podUoDs of Uie Kfog, dHectinJ the sourecs of future 
«ril, Amoa^ ibe fraipnenls of rclleclioua iu hin owu 

' bondirritinjc. u-hifh ttniehoHHfKkred, IfiTidlhe following. 

I •• ji shcrt discourse upon some inrongrititifn in mat- 
Urt qfeatait. 

" 1. Thnt churchraen have competency, 18 agrecnblo to 
th« lav of God uiid niun. Bui to invent tbein iiit4> 
grMt c«Uit«9. and priticipnl olSetvof the»tate, la neither 
conrrnicnr for ihr rhurHi* for the- Kinf^, ni»r for \\\vt 
■tate't Not lor tbe church, for the indiscrete fcal, and 

^ (MjartoMivCy I^hmI anteHaunMl auntinmnu fliAninrleAlty ojqriMhl 



vxnts^trv ilnimtinns or priiii-e^ were llir 6rst cnuaes of 
cormptioti in the RomiUL djtirch, iLe ta^fti^ wbiTtrtif did 
io inflame the avadcf and ambitJon €jf the »ucc<-moj's, 
Uiai Ibey liavu ruixM) tliemt^elvrs abuvu nil iwciibir aii^^ 
SOVL^rripi |Kiwcr, ami to mnintnin the tame have o^| 
trniW io tho world (■i'rLftiik(lvvioi*ij of t)H*lr own fortniit- 
tei'8 of fnith- \oi lu KtMgTi, Uor htati^tt. fur hintorin 
iviliiL'fiA wbai troiiblch hnvc hevn mhcd Io Klng^, wbat 
tragcdir^ BnwiLg miblvcU, in all pl^iws when? riiurdi* 
meu sptTC gn-at^ Our rt^fontitd churcLi-a havltt^ rt- 
rluivtl n.Jij^inn to thr aiidofit f>rimitivr Inilh and sTm* 
plicitf, ought to birware that eoiruptjoti etiter not in 
thdr church at the sajne gute, which aJreiidy ti opm 
whli htorc^ »f a tic ml u lit tlicrtatto wrtcmrit^ itwilh|KiRip 
and ceremony. 

'*2. Tutors and ronnsellors !f> yonng priDc««, pest 
under God, tuvt- the fatt* of at'tcr-tliutrfi iu their bandit. 
For according as tht,* tirst iinprt'S^ioiis and maxims of 
povenimcnl, wherewith Ihesr new vessels are HOttM)[ied> 
he Hobd And true, or fiubtile and false, so prove ibe Lnicv 
happy or misei-Jible, 

"3. Tn know men, their abilities, clibpositiunt^, nnd 
nl^'ections, is tbc proper art of pnncetJt their most pro- 
fitable rttiidy, the ubi'idgL'Tiiciit of all good goverjurieiit. 
For, there being no pubHc bualuess winch faltetli not 

«iK^" "* riiinjci[l"n"», written nt a lutar ^mtJimL Ijiml "iliil rv*Ry 1^Lip» 

cbun^li, lliEui till? (jruihnTtDi? o1 ohiirchnien To (iImv* nf thr jcr««tv4l hu- 
naviy Hiid irKii-'Oh cj|' tliv hiitlj^t iriut, TIjU vjiiuiuu, mid ibt> \mimKa' 
tUm of LtlriiougLhkA lniL>feriiy ww iiiiijiiv4tiurid>K luid bix urd ugrv«| 
f<trthi<)fni>Elimr1lic>riaur oftbii nuitv u for thi' Ddvuuc-tinL'nl and onnirliy 
of f lit rhiiiih,) vtm thn ufiLy,/'i/ j\"iiii!filum ' if hit ou'ritain, iHitvfMt 

^iltfl. Vnh L |>. 1,^:^,.— 'nil' cliilr ul Lur<I >ApW^ MS i* i-fiAmhly ^uun 
■f|*<t tlt4t n>ruiiiiti4fi> i'i«it 111 Ht'ifElHriili niiil itlicTi CtinflL^r iTiipFUifiiiiry 
nii*f<l *(■ many clnnvhnH'n In liii irniiiLril«, unrl iti<r(it*<l ArrhTrt*lin]> 

mEAKXES^S or CHjt1tL£4 I. 

wiUiin tb<? compniiv of wonic uflioe vr i,';iiplciyiiieiit. by 

ibcU be abJe lo furiii&li jiU oflict^s with able and honei^l 
mvDt who tliLtiiij; tht- [iTity in lh<-ir F(i.'voral Fi|th<.'nTH tiud 
dnpUiyinenU iseotsvurily etindutlcth n Jiappy ^vcrii- 
wnt or thr whole. iSiich men are rich prurs, nnd ihr 
■wKt pn*ciotis jewds of fhi.- crown ; lo tdkf thum upon 
IWEiknl in a locitry, uud rFCi^miiietidjitit^u in I'acUuuK; 
clrHioii u/MM iftNiNyirtfgc it tUe Ivjit, iiiiil nesct 1o that 
>a tliv cutnirioij rp|Tort nud reputation, for, »(^fflc «»- 
^Mitm emtHfnfifrfiif. rrrminrm omnesfrfcltcrc- ' 

" 4. AiuuUiimttd impiicil trtfitl in whnlevi^r they do 
or<t«Uvt^r, n'ithout further inquiry, liki- blind obedience, 
ncitJirr ivli^oii nor wisdom doth allow; for ijMC tUM 
» a prvWUe Doct^burily ijiferriiif^ trtilh in God ;il<Jiie, — 
U emboMenetli mtix to deceive. — it mukclh the servant 
j^rvut und Ibu ni^xtiT riiiitf?tn}iti1k|p, — irulrcifn/t regijt 
mtm ma/iyti, mti^ni lihrrti^^ — for a prlnck% hkr a good 
bocvMRAiT iind pilot, Hlioiild never ht /Me reins and rmi^ 
dtr <Mf/ <i/^*» ttanti. 

" 5- Kin|r* oivtJiefortuiil warrant of jiifitior bptwixt 
mbjcct« ; mu^-h laom niv Ihry obli|^'d to [bo jujsl] ) 
in tbcir owrt deod. To couultriiuiici: bad cau^s is 
tnoM diAbonoiirnbli^ lo tlitin ; of ^tivereigna they d^*- 
ba«etbcm^vvKto bo piirtjc«« vilifying then^by the pniiccv 
ly atilbnncy ; thereby, it may be. they gut the love of 
the one, tb« dlblikt? i>f \.h\^ othr^, — u fiml e\ehuiif^, fur 
imjuries arc ttritiett iit marhtf^ heHrJiU in du/ii. Btf 
HMlrv, nil men fiiid lhem>icivi'8 Ini^rv^t In ju»<li*ft; Ihc 
■topiiij^ th« LHJimu thereuf.ur porvirrtiu); it, |(f iewacvcry 

t Tb* Kli^ wto naftnUy ihfiLt iJkrw. fofitci tor thpniMilvH b cimlii, 

t lb fi«fil* laiiluji liiwkvUA'vlicFk'BujtjitiAli-iickjiK-luiHlly, die DiBaii 
■fvtpr WtiiK Inrm, 




hc-ait ; wicki<d uri; tbubv who mow ihvm ttr iu^-ltke 
Untila they cut their Imir wh«ii they are a«le<^p, ai 
rob Ihviii »f UiK Kiibjcrth lovr, whrtL^iu tli^Jr strtuj 

" ti. Tof^vem weit, f;u<;d (^oiiUMrl atiil flare infoni 
tioii urt? rt^quiaite; Mfj 10 the gmund ni thai, for 
go'>H advice can be givm if tJir :-.>tnlc of the mntlcr 
mJ^ilnk^Tj, Of Uie t^io, ^/';jr iitJh»'mtitinH Ik ibr moAt 
cessary for the afljifrs of remote kingdoms ; for thi 
liiifliiit'tiat's (vbU-lj recjuirL' iIitl-}) udviiv anr iriaiijij^etl thi-l 
wh^rc the person of the pnitci; ic^^drth; ycldotn dl 
great mntli'rn ncTur in rcmcite ptjices, niul wht*rr ihey 
dOr the uatuie of the thing alJowoth time of dvllbLTaliou^ 
(for great bodies hare slow moltous ;) there. If naattei* 
g(» \n ibt' urdiuury way, all is well ; hul, vi-illMut Inic? 
ioformation, a prince cud neither order ihiogt, com- 
mand, ^gn, nor dim-t anything aright. ^| 

" 7- ThiwisgoodforUK-Kinw.ilJ for ifje|>eople,|:t>od^ 
for the people, ilt fur the Krng, and t'oiitrurily. are iiw 
eon^ndties in speech, inipoEsibiUties in nature^ and eau* 
not be instanced; they divide things indivisiblei aj 
gt'irurnte wli;it GmJ \iu^ conjoined, and b^ive wrou}^] 
ha<\ opinions in the minds of princes and their subji 
in some parts of the world; they aro false thongb ft 
<iuvnt and are the eruplion^ and saUieb from the luim 
4jf thuse evil spirits u-]io walk betwixt a King aud bfjl 
jirtkplr. For a Kin^r and bia j>eiipb^ make up one |inli' 
tic body, whereof the King is the head. In n politic 
fl« In a unt;iral f>ody what is good or ill for one laao 
ffir U>lh, nciUier l-uu lie one subsjst >#itbmit the otbcTi 
hut inn*t go to ruin with the other. 

•* 8. PrineeK* letters and lawT* onghl to be elenr and per- 
npiiuoita, without i^fiuivucal or perplexed sense, admit* 
ling no eontilriiction but ime. , For ai\ ohMeiirL- biur 
oJlvgvil in All)' cau^e, gives occasion of more proccf 



dispute, and dduy> thau the cmixr itxclt'; aijd nu 
obvurv It-tt4-r mnkf-Jt the ptirty> Jit whonc favour it is 
amoeiwdt to come up and require f\Q cxplahatioii by a 
■PCMld, nnd hi;^ advi^rhary to jnirHjantr u roiitrury oit<.\ 
(wbicb niJiy he tloitv, wUere thvrtf ia duulib neusv utid 
obftcuHly, witbout flnn^LT, tht.- inU'rpri'UitioTi l>ein^dl- 
to Uic cdnlj'i vcr, or ut Icii^t niiiy ^tTvt- him for 
f, as btiing hill trrror not hJa avarict*,* utiicli c^tu- 
iKrt bi" vrberv wonlH nm in a clour uTid j^'iHiino «»**;,) 
wbtfrvtiy ibv priiicc ••••••*•) mij iiiL»y cx- 

tnmrty damtiilicd. 

" !i. Wis*? priucvfi love rith HubjwU; lor nediliouH 
comraotioDiL, nor iiiaurrectioxj?*, do seldom or crcr pro- 
omJ fn>m men wJiii fi^id thrmNiJvrH well in ilictr pri- 
rate c«t*to« ; t but ihcy who oiv pres^ud witlj u«M.-v&bily 
•I bome «Fe jflad of any oooaaion or prr^t^jic tu truublt^ 
ibti public t{uiet, uiid to li^h iu troubled witters to bet- 
Irr tlwir fortuncK. Pernicious, therefore, ia that advicL* 
lo kcrpsubject^ iwv nnd jwor Ihcj butter to govi-ni them. 

*' 10. TopfiJttret fditliful uervaaU i& a geuvmua Jiud 
pHuoely purt ; mid [to protect] the guilty, too, itgHiuitt 
the (nmuit of luiotlirr that ih |iovi-cdvd. ^iiny i^crchnijet' 
iwnn to mainUin a pnncc'v pr^rogiiU\i> ; but then h<.- 

* Am ihb Rjrlilihiir in h ptti^pi uf Lurd Xnpiur'i RtjlHllufi, utitr |i. 
4A* Hw vflliM of cbc wlvkx* vimi vvrlftvi] iu cliw Btiiiovl- In wu^U fru*h uu- 
gWca 10 fbc dioiuKmtic DtovQmcDC, thi* i:av*MtjniXni}E AinLiun vjt> 

vtfif ■Iniilil'- wnv nllfiicvvl in [»■ c^i-lrrlpiJ in thi' KinjE'i fonrtw- 

t M*iiu>i:Ei|ri l4irri 

[ Tliviwc-ly lCn(h«n-ijAi])u father (iftbc CoTeiunii H^i vnubuu|(1it 
tM tij ibt paoipflri of b plhNj and « rii'h uiarrii^^ at orjijn. Thv Ami 
MwilCiif A* CTuninoui m<^ u vu tlml) fimlp dii? Mrrwnblo Binoiijr 
fbr nd^fv* (nm frvm iht^i Kin^'^ |»rt.^rnj(afiTp in laii -, nod tt» 
vybiaqnmi prtrgrvtit wn* tlmply Tin- AvcuriDj; hy Kj-'mluT^on. whnt liwl 
bvBBH* kiklwAly iL>.y|uir0ct hy iiiiiiirr*vti'jn- llunfly t>ii« i^cnentua fetl' 
iofC, im- L'hitiCui impqUfi, nr nn* tv|f>lJinBlv a*'! Itvl'ii^G* Id the rekl Iiib^ 
tHfJ dI tii« <'piBM|iL 



ought to b(7 putiislW by [tlie princel himstrlf. 8o«hji]l 
jmticv be ^ati^fiMl, the honour of the King's &ervi<^ 
and hla prcrogatiro remain inviofflU^. ^J 

" Tbu£e couticilft (with die like ot'that kititt.) whercivH 
til? print^e'R good is jtretcnileH, the private; ends of thccc 
bad cotiriciilars only Intruded, hnth been tho t'flicieiil 
canst?* of the ruin of kingx. kingdoms and estal«*^ 
which Abiiighty God mn only remend. And therefore, 
let uU good lOlbjecU who love their prince and fx>iuitcy 
prny with Solomon, LoRr> resiovc the >vicKEt>* 
fntm tlu^ Kin^, uud liis ihroucbhull be ebiabludied iiLj 

Siie}i wert; the relleciioiiH, on tbc' |n'iv«]>e<:ts of Kin^ 
und country, noted in the privacy of bin eloaeti aud ere 
thi^gri'QtHL'bclJioiihad rniriinriKNvl^hy nitrwho it»ty be 
fiaid 10 have reared that " bloody JnurthertT nnd cx- 
communicDleil traitor" >1onlrci»,i\ mid U'horii we bhnU 
prvKiTiitly disscovtr wlinrin|;nnd ajiprfmup every step of 
hh cBliimnintrd pupil's career, from his early and mis* 
token Mipport of the Covenant, to hi^ raiBinff the roy- 
al hnuner in Sc<nlnnd. Und Napit^r, like Cbi^endon, 
lived to know the tnte of Churle*, and to iraee his 
h'jstwy l>ack froHi its bloody clone thiongh oil tiicnia- 
«ee of faction and faithlessness that destroyed him. 
ht^ would have Tiei'd«] not to depart from or alter • 
nnglr sentence of his pninful meditntioim. There is a 
melniK-boly intiTewt In redeeming from its hirking 
place of many generatiouti, 60 prophetic a munu- 
acrlpt, on such a subject, to conij-asi It with the vo- 
Juine?^ thnt fniVL^ hi'en pnbli»)hi.Hj Hinee, and eajimnJiy 
with the too perfect fiilfdracnt as rccordwl in the 

* Tluf^v Atird* nrr HTilltrn i'in|ib«tir*1!> in lurgv icttnra in Ihp nuii 




of ClarcnJoii- Those ^rbo ]ov« to iJDjfcr over 
llni rxHitii); pi-riiMt o( uur liintury. u'ti«TL they rvttd 
thk addiUooal rccofd. will call tnnnnil how fharLk.^ I. 
«M muTOUDded b^ " eervaiLU of iIip ScoUi^h nnllou, 
wlio. bu tLini^lU, could newt £uil bJm. a^nd amonf; iho#B 
no man hml sixeh au nscL'ttdaitt aver Inrn, by ifie hum- 
bhM Jik&inuaUurw, ua Duke lloiiailt^n bail/'* TUvy 
will miitrobfT, loo, tht^ inysterioiu storivs agaiDst tills 
tlii6itbouiabJi> HamiUoiJt — how he vticUuMivd XUv Krii^'a 
sflcctKNia as if by magic, — \n>w bi- (k-cvivt-d McmtniKr, 
•■d vxEIrd bim frnta Ibr Kiii^'?; (U^^trDrr und nflcj-tlunR, 
—how bu bHr«iycci f luritly. anil ihon betrayed his mas- 
ter to the faction tbntsold film to bis mutvlerers^ Aud 
ibty will njuiniiber how ti^e King trusU<d " Utth- Will 
Uurmy of llic bed<hftmb(;rr who picked hi* pockets 
of bw U-itcrj^. nnd whispi^rcd In hh startk-d e&r foul 
caluinuifTS. about SiluniruM- and awaB&inniiun ! Iti tbo 
|>rogiCT n «f our ibLL<>erutionH of Mcititro?i: and bis tiincH, 
wr- nhitll hsn: to niinivrl iir rtucidntc nnmr of thc'^o 
mysterious double dealings. And Co show hov much of 
hbfftte. mid lluit of hia urjhuppy Hovdrnirn, in involved 
in Ui« fact, llut it waa not tho will of Utc Almighty to 
rca»ovc the wicked from the Kin^. 

Among thcw mclnncholy fra^^ncnt^ ii( Lord NapJer^s 
|iropbetic views of his tim^tf, I hud aiioilRT vtry inte> 
mliiif; paiKT, iiW in bin uwii buud^'nlinK, which np- 
pcan to have been addrcsicd to the Kin^ biLntioir^ a 
ftw ymr> licfort^ lnf» prngrrsa to b<' rrr>wn<'d in 8cot- 
IuhI' Whether it ww octiiatly aeiit to Iuk M^tjebty, or. 
If tent, ever sufTrrod to rcacb bim, and how far th<i 
Mehi-fi»i' ]irujKi-><H| woa prfdctiuibh-, tliere in iiuw tio tncnns 
ofknowinff. Bnt it will be mto from the tenor uf 
it bow luteosely Uie writvr had fc-lt un tla* Huhj<H't of 

* IJkmiilnit, 



tlie faUl effect of thone mlau of rgnonmcc and ** mis^ 
Inking^," ai lu Uir:il]itim»rSi<i}TJand, in vhich llio Kin^ 
v^as coDELDjally cii^'clopcd, by thoev ivliu. fur the Mikv 
of pc^Uy fttiil pnvnUr interuts, su trvadteroiuly pracU»-j 
«d upon lUe facilities of liift dt3|w»itJ0tL 

Ikat 9errK€ fnatj *«■ hetter known. 

-* That the ^t« of busintss is ofliraea dUguiiced t 
priiicea. for private enib. 

" That the truth ofbuauiesMis hardly to be expected 
from tlipn'Utiniis* of grriit mrit,n'hrHc>fHfnfl9l>ip3Ail 
ilependcDcicfr extend (ax, — or from Jiieu Jactiouti^ — or 
itom Huch servatits as crideAi'rtur to buLid up their for- 
tLitichwith thriruwu huridNuut lejiviij^tdtlurir iiin?tf 
to do it upon ihtir good dt'serring, — or from parties^ 

"Tiiut from mifi/j/ijrffui/io»^n]\ errors, ][L<.-u]if^niiti 
ID mattem of esute. and nuslokiug of the tnie nuwrifl 
whcrcliy ihi? juBturid jfraiNuiiapwrpos*^ of princes conio 
(o he ilhiimnnnXvil, do proi:e(;d. 

" Thjtt it is not easy lo distiii^sh truth froin fa 
hood, ^eoocided by friends, and siipparted by rcium 

" Thni if tH inifioMihlc to do nny fhing eonvenlently 
or riiJ^htly, or to deleriuiiie any iIijiik cftywre, if tin^l it 
be not known how it is ttej'ae(4}. 

"Thutthe jutitebl utiU HiHetft i)nnc<» mitgt err i 
their directiouH given upon r\\m%ct Jnforntalioi; of th 
state of the hiisirifss in hniid. 

" Tijut it is an oa&y mutter lu a jtiat princv, by ivA 
lowing only tlie bent of hia own iTielitmtion, lo gi 

ntch dircctioQft Bnil cuuiirimiijEt, ajMin iriaUcm jH-HW-'tly 

Pown to hinii a* tlienb}' he may reap honour, profit, 
e love vf hi» 4fubject«, and tht* reputation of wi8<lofn 
d justice. 
**Tbe IruUj of the&e foresaid prcrpunitioiiH hcin^ wt 
veil koovQ to your MuJL-ety, it would be imjK-rtiDcut 
U» ine t«> go about to prove. But to be a ntcans and 
InatTuincuA wbereby tlie /n/r ttlaie o/^ //it^/teAg t^ScoU 
iamdt a place miiot^, may be i-onv«yed to your sacred 
can, la tbu bvM arid most tisrful srrriceciirL full wilhiit 
tbeeoEnpaat of my power, the highest of wh(>*c enden- 
Tonr K to be a fnilhftil siTvant, aiul not to mnkc ah uO' 
just claim loMDiDeat abtlitit^H. Jf ihnvfure, your. Ma- 
jesty may be pleased to prefer «ainc hoiieat and ifdU 
rirui)E acTvaiit U9 Ibe place 1 hold of yuur Majnsty,* 

provB* IhM Xha firuiariKripi w«A vrrilicn hvlarc I^^rd Na. 

fm Dp hi* pWr n( trvn4tir.-r-d(i|iat#, and cun^iiileritly \h- 

fh« Kn|^« Tidl In Picutlriml In hUO, The prnpovil in he plvi>d 

II hlB H^^oif x'b prrHfii NupEvr w» iu maliinir. havbiKbcvii 

ij y««r* Jtnntlvniaii ttf ih^i Ikvcl-vlnmWt l-i Jaian V]., mtil ^iHfi* 

nouiuMuEtil by ihnl uiuabK-li. uu hit dvntlibvij. fi> ('hull* L,uid 

IM K^^cr «va« cbv Onl ScutamAit whum Cbiirli* ruuul Iu tbv[K«i^[«. 

[ had Ictfl tbb BchnnK" ^f* l^ril ftupipr in hi* unuiiptfript 11b- 

"I hUriMdl mftrl/lo tbc »rrvicr of Kip^ Jhitk^ a^ hlH«i>d mO' 

■■4 w gtadoiulf rBaLtnlbT him, Kmln jir\<'r iliL^^lraih ofQoaA 

'IKaiMll^ I MIond hki M^artf loin EhkI^jliI »Lt-n he wvfiitor«oilv« 

lb*<fW1> nf ihAl kih^duJiL I i^it'rtl liim xiivn-^ nm K^nlii'DuiN nf hi* 

l^^iTf^cftuubd, tttf »|i«4]v vf *iiE*vit or •tfvcntwii ivnrs (t tlwnralwutj 

idmiallf , liQ hi« Irtujcviy wmi p]««ivJ IulbhI Ihv ^i1 of ^u>vra>l 4puC 

bb ^wor, mdialEfflD bk place Owt^ MUicns il^rwurcJt DuLv of 

, wWl HTliF (if aqr cfPtimryniPti, I'rLjlrtkVnnrvJ t4 inippnrt Nimonri. which 

hi* (^Vii^inVj ivintrTiiTion iw> an oppoainfc ol !■&■ r!«lnjt. TFjirAfhr* 

F-t $t Jy >tV('A <f<ftirtJ lf*rfrlv fiy my u-vit^y faltitr.* took tlilft 4rt.'L«A>iiii Iu 

j«i|Mir 1/> ^^vUmid, nud vxiiirrl ihv nrvm t^f lliinjE^^ wlimuwilli 1 Jtd ih?- 

^■UBl iho tUngbBlicI dv^iriMt hU Itfvr, wLloh bvpniT]iu<l,buI nnErwfl,ir» 

tU bb favuurilv, ^^nrf lib mind I iSiiili* Iu jflv^ »m k/^cv ^rv> 

of ftitfoilBhip uid faiiT MiMtonu nf [frnir«tiiiti>ni qml nirnplimpht 

iIhv, iIh liifflDW of ifaff LnpriihnLa. •!■<' -IM <ii I<II7. 






Od to give me KOtnu phiix^ af ncixw to ^our Mftjeftty'ft 
|H-rHL>ii, (ivithotfi tchictf, aervJcra of tliMt kJiiiI urc tirarly 
Lin\iMftil,> Hiid a veaGOi\^hh* mean^ that I br not foicc^ 
to undo my estate, aud iiiilcad of u useful wrvEiiit b(v 
couw a troublesome suitor, (whcrc-by ihvre *hull be ojorr 
by mutiy degroiTFt brought in, iind ^avt-ci itj your M*< 
jr^ty^i^ coSTfrs.) tlicii J do biunbly otlor uuJ undrrtAkc,^> 

" To establi^^ll %ud\ <.'orrcspondeiice in most parta uf 
Bcotlnnd^ nnd in nil the couit^t and judiratun-n tlivnvtf, 
wilhincn huiieHt and Judicious, not lutenraU-d iti alliaini, 
and not. knoiviu^ oni? cil" anaiher, wh« slmll giro Die 
mire iuttlligoiicc of the rtatc of every bufeinet* which i 
»liuU OCCU1' ; and If any of them shall c-banci; to be* p(ir-^| 
tinlly alTi-rttid, tht; relation of tin- i^thorri Nholl fonTmul 
what i^ amies in hiR. Which rvlntiona shall be itiuAe 
known to your Majisty hy mc^ without paaalon or af- n 
fei-tioEi» jind witlitml rcHiK^i't tu any ei^d of my own or <>f^| 
others, as I shall an^vcr to tJod in conscience, lo your 
Miijealy iii»on my nllcdgenmv, and under paSn of your 

highest iliH|ilranuri\ Wheret>y your Mujcaty ►hull rvn[t 

tbeae commmliticm following, and many morr. 

" 1. As the cloudrt which obscure and darken die 
iun art? (1i£*|)ersed hy the heat of the SMnie, ^ Kbalt Vm 
doitd of fd^X ioi^f, e*ini|jaLted to no «lher end hot to 

dmA* A |Kplntp Qgftlrut very jjowurtul op|roii(k>(i, fjf [j nf^-priiipf N'l 
thi* I'lfiTi- r>f Ifi'n^iimrslt-i^uT*', "nnJ(ln!*fU]-)ft litlltf iHiffrnt Iua Jral>i he"" 
iVL4fuiiiivr'<lv^l BH^I Iwinff Ihpii in fvn»lf>rbf], fo hf* *^*ii Kifi^ '.'h^rlc^o* 
hU Jiihjuhty fCEi«'3rt)liiui>vll i«'up]LM>v*]1oM1 iiil',IIiiiu ^Wb :a ([tuWvr 
to<Cimon)- ofiL ifnuiiiu" uiaMti/r'* Ibvipur tv mi ulhttfTil tortanl^iu audi », 
flmi-, lamkl doi be oiproMi-d/' I flnH from a li^itcr of IfA|ilvpX (wbOo 
|{i-n(t»qniin 4if cJu^ ThkI'TIi anther.) tcv tha i^U'bmi'cl Sir JiiKnn diij«r,thiil 
he *i*» v.Tj- miirh kiiL[H)i'crl>ih«Ml by ihnl p<i4', (probobl]/ from IdhiI* 
ing muiu')' (u ibr King,) inil Inrti'fH ia;^rukf rliirunilriL-j^ wbirh tfcuiiiiU 
Ibr bit r.uuti»ii> f | iintiri<-iii Ion »f lliv ulutvit uH'i'n Ui t'huj]^*, h imabl 
have l-ttm n«tl Tm ilit* iiioiiHrt^i bwl Nupivr bcvii la tbe lOuf nf " Uutc 
Will Murmy ii kUi U'dibnuibifr," 



infortD jrgur ikrAJaiiy tor their private ailraiiLugv, luid 
to Ihr prejudiro of your Maj«ty s just and gracioiw ciu- 
»i|;u*, lie ditvulvtsJ by tbi? kuuwleilge trf thi^ true ntato of 
tliliipi, and yniir Mnir.4Cy'<i resolutions antl tliiecUoiia, 
procrrdiRjj^ from thnt knowledf^* being coui^tiuit iiTid 
ibaotute, aball rvutier ifaeir combinations vain anil of 
uofurn-.uiKlyour Miiji'sty'Hzilljiirs sliall go more smooth- 
ly lb*a hitticrUi they Ijavc gone. 

" ft. AH your Mf^csty's officers iheiv sball trndeuvour 
to approve ibeiiiselvefi to your M^jioty by their fniUifnl 
Mrrke* when tbey ^b^iJI ettc that their <lcniennour is 
tm]y known to yi»n, nnd shnJI not imM nny nion? the 
rvrudututfiAtUtion of xlivir faction, ivhoae inanut^r in u> 
emlear to your Majesty the worst »ervicea of their iiido, 
flnd to i1i<nMr mul trnrIucL< ottirrH who iiTi- not of their 
cabal. aJ (hull jch your Majesty'^ true »crvaj its. Si> tihuU 
yimr Majesty be well served, find your subjects inadc 

** 3. I nndcTUikf that no mnn employed in reeeiring 
or dirbui^Jiif* of moneys of fxiiy kind bclouffing to yonr 
MiOe*ly« wholi be able to deceive your Majesty, or eon- 
rrrt it to their ovrn use, Init it ahalj he timde knouii to 
yoar U^je«tyt whieh H no aniall benrlit in regard of the 
fbmcr carriage of bunini-^s. 

4, No more gifts shall bo procured frojn your Mu- 
y vuiTtptitiouttly, or itpon wrong narratives, and 
the Inw vnlue &hnll be niitde knuvviJ> 

'' 5- The perpetual connuens cf the Scottisli uatruu 
hither, (who eome up cither to procure imjuai thinga 
by incnn« of llieir fnrnib, or tu reeiil tmeli tliiiigH jjur- 
rhainl upvn wrong informnlign tciittiri^ to their detri- 
mont, whervby your Majoty iis excecdiogly tronbledj 
Ifacy uiMloucp and that kini^dom exhauvtcd and drained 
of money,} iduill h^ much diminMinJ. 




" These rommodities, and ninny mori?, shatl redouud 
ioyaiir Mnjesty hy kiujwli-ilj^tr otllje Irue eslate iirtiunU 
tieaw, whitli I da humbly Dll't-r to procurr, if yniir Mn- 
jeflty (li> tJjtnk (tinl f cah Ih' fnilhru]. Hut if it 8)jall 
ijoi plvjiM* yuur Maji'fity to crnhrncc or like of th«&« of- 
fi-ni, J Hhnll prny Almighty God, wbu hnth the LiNiris 
of priiic»4 la his h.itu), to direct your Majesly to a bet- 
ter cowi-se than this, for ymir JVInjovty'ji own good and 
that of your 8iil>ji?tt8." 

The nideflVftiirs ofChiirlcs I. lo relieve the Srottlsh 
nation iVoin Ibe oppresajuu of the firiblocialk- tilliv- 
hoHer^, niid the stnle proaeinilion of Lord DAlm^rino 
for a HCiJiliouFt JiIm-I. ji proHtTiition wlik'b unwe out oftbc 
ci re lunsUi TICCA of the King's coronalion vjiii to Scotland 
ill IHUSt juny he li^rmcd ihe seeds of the C^jveimiil, iirul 
of ihul revolt in theuui'th ^vllieh AO^rcatly nided.ifit did 
Dot briugulKiuC, thcHuhHetjiietLt RebL'lIiou. Wirh ri^j;jird 
to the ijii|iortaiLt niihjivtof the tithe {lolicy of CbarlvA 1. 
Lord Napier'r* LiinniLHrript* nflbrtUtiiore authentic and 
iiil4>rc!?tirif( eiiLciiktion, C8[)ccially aa rr^riU the Kind's 
nioiivcHjiiidintciJtiuiiA.tUaiJ hanliltherlobeen re-cordedH* 
Mnlecilm Lning observe*, thnt " u ifenerul ruvot^ution of 
t^iL' litheM ^tiid benefice!^ iiKiirped by tl^c tuiiy had Ixreji 
|hrojoetcd by JamcB, but drferred from tin? iincxjJccW 

■ MrCtinnuH iTVndsift^u Tlih?4, Vol. L p-ilUK) i<i>t«kiim of ibavjpt. 
ii.-id Entroilgi-i'^l by (.'Knfli-'t f-, oliitcrvc^— " Tbv ctl-ui* whkh In} to iliu 
Bn-ncnpliihnipnt of thv* ^i^rvM xiiiAannkinf^ nm invulvL^^l in Aumf atm-n- 
iitf. Ihcf Mtf hlnijy tUuded if> by Ihi- l*i«biri«npt itf (hi' ^lny^ Hhrl inw 
ufuur liiAy«n utiuitipl Uj Inu^ci Oioii' ui^^ia in*! prnflrt-vA, Tht work w«« 
priilwbty Eh^ rvKjjlinfn «ft»l]lmitii>ii uf ciii^uiiikLkuc^M. SuiugOii»|r of 
<ho kind wu In ifrlmilaii *Kin ifW ihv tUinimmibn. hui rtrnHn Lhw) 
tlio hnfji>ijr of carry iiiff ll» pLmi iatif vicucuTjoii. Lililiuujfti li hnjuia id be 
m matlDf of dollbl ivhv^rh^^r It wiu* n I'oliintury rit[iii^im< >>( puliry tin Ilih 
panvor bwdi lis nmc truin Mt^ lU^putr^ b/<twoi<n him »t«\ hit noUtt m 
dcotljLriil, con Wmiia^ llw n>»tinoa»(if (liu popihli elwgj/" 



<i|>p«itiop to the unidett ut' Pvnh ; but bis srbeines 
hMi beta cfiTcfulty infuwd into ChnrJct, and iii the e%- 
fcotiuii of Uicrai^ dnii^LTous nnd uHele^i pn>je(-lti, ihfi 
trmaquillity of Sci'tl^iud w^» unprudeuiiy saurificed " 
The taitnt- U'riUT wtys timt by tliif* n-vurjicion Chnrlea- 
" intcivdcHl tQ aggrniulixe Uic dignified clr-T^^;^* nor 
will be Atinbutc io XUp monarch one beiietiicnt iriten* 
lion, or credjt liim witii vuv btncfii-ia] n^hiilt tii IoIIom'- 
ing oui Uiis Diofit difficult policy. Mr Brodio U yet mure 
•even. He will allow the King no better iruitivr frir 
tbf rcvocrtti<in of litbcs, than " in order to support tlie 
prelates in Iweoining sUle ;" nnd *isaerlj^ that he " ouly 
ainic«l at lemieiiing the ati^^tueruUc ^wer ix> it einKh^'il 
with bi* own. IrAviug the people tttiU naked of protec- 
tion," — and tbus tlth liiHtrtriiiit lrnn-<K nil lJio=(^ dlgtrac* 
Ifroiift in tbe btale of Seotlaiidr wtucli preceded the iu- 
vurrection, to the conduct nnd " the intention of tJie 

Lord Napier, vbo probably knew more of the in- 
tentioois of tJie Kiii^ thuu did eitlier of iJie above his* 
lorun*, l^r, vay* be. " uf tbe.coinmitiiiion of the titbeft 
I faftd the honour to l)c one. and, atcnnMttg to my duty 
Ukd power, did iidvauee bli^ Miije8ty m JunI nJkd ^Tdcioun 
purpuMr,") recorded at the timci and before the troubles 
broke out, tbiN very diOvrenl view «f tb« matter. " The 
bwiimB oC titheBf nmon^t ottiers, was moat eoiutantly 
peo^eeutod by hh Mi^jenty ; — n pnr|HtKe nf his f«tber"«, 
or Iti^ (j^tu» whit, liuiJtiJ|C the heavy opprebtjon it( leiud- 
cnaMcn and tbe jtercitude ^ the jn^pU, did i^aruetitly 
endeavour to rrmrdy it; but in tbin, uh iu other iimt- 
ters, ^wbat truly might be «id (o be hia, wliicb Were 
bb intentionM only, uaH most jn>^t nnd princely; butllie 
RiffWis, which were (itber ineii'^ inventions, \rerv tDoBt 
unfit to conipa»« his ciid*, but fit eTwmjch to seree their 


turns that found \\ their private prejudice (interest) to 
rt<mltv' tbv buHint-^H jtitrkiiU-. lunjfMiriji^. ami dillirultt 
upon hope h'ln Mnjwty would rclmqiiUh the same ; 
neither wa^ this form of pr(M'eudiNgdi8plL*ni«ti^>; ttiMjmr? 
moat inlruBtc^], for by the difficulty they did iudenr 
tht'ir stTvicPS, nnd in the menn time, giving hie Majes- 
ty ho\)Pr> of great tiiattcrs, they drew fruiii him prv^ent 
andccrtainbeiietils, nhove the proportioD of their merit, 
or of hiH Majesty*?^ abitit}'.'' 

The de&iga of ircovering the tithes from ibe bands of 
t.Ti(iHr grasping find tiiclioiL'i hnrans who had ntridi-* thtr 
refomiatiou of the church in SrotUnd en ?xcu»c for ap- 
propriating that pr(.>perty to themBclve^, wbs fhiis pro- 
trut^ie^ tliroiigh a uuz^iber i>F yeara froiu the eoiiutieiice* 
mcnt of the retgii; aadCharks himself refer* to the un- 
just rtiiirmitenl of the nol^les, whot^ pouvr wti^ Vt «iif- 
fer from this salataiy restriction, the niuitiiurs and 
he:trt.hunn]igH which fuurid ji veal in the iiisurrtvlMiU 
u^fkiii^Jt Episcopacy^ When the ^'euci'Ul rt-vocniion wan 
Arsl proposed, the King met with a violent oppo^ittoo 
froni int4freBti'd Tiohleinen, seveuTil flf whom were at the 
very tijue di^ti&ttiig his Majesty with those petty (mc- 
tioTiH lit court, of which LurtI Niipier haalel^ ho cnriDuva 
rucord. Mar, lluddington. Roxburgh, J^orton, otul 
the violent old gouty chnnrellor, Sir (.Wrgr Hay 
(KiiJuuLili wviv, frmu {>er±(uuul iiiterest.autoa^ theleutl- 
erw of that opjKKiiTion, whidi. we are told by BonieC. 
rrry nearly hmuglit im an extraordinary scene of awtoi- 
aination and nin»«ftcro when Ntlhi«da1c cmnc to Soot- 
latid conimissionMi by the King to make gond tJie revo- 
cation. U wuHuliexlliiH failure tUut the fauimiH "Com* 
mi^AJon of Surrenders of Super iori lies and Tithi-H" was 
isaurd in the year l6:>7. the fdhvwiug illuntrntion of 
which, from n mnniiRcript in Lord Napjcr^s handwrit- 


iUfT. Up]i«rently a<1dre»aet1 to a friend wbai his Lord- 
■htp vftK tiiuk-r iUv tvmpumry rliKfikiiMnrcf of ChurJ(<v, 
otetaioiacd hy Ui« flrt« he exposed,) 'm both inUrealfnj^ 
aad valMAbk in refi^i^iRv to the hinUtry of tlini niudi 
ggpr M iril policy, anJ tlkv ciiiU-acUT iirul poKitioii uf tLe 

" vl Di^nwr^ «p<m tiff htt^h^^jut ftfthe Titht», iwwr 
III Aaw/. 

" I ^rlll nol, i*wihy friend, ■ enter into ouy curiouat 
[tu|uiaiti4ia itl>vtlirr ur ni> Lhr bursmc^H at' tlir titJir^ now 
iu o^tatioaf of its own tiattirv easy, lio tendtrivd diOi- 
ctUl by the praciicc »f men inifresto<1, witoae Tiiuiiiier 
M to girabr Ihe Jv-fj^nHuf priiiotES* utidcriRw ttinri in itti- 
mma^ by opjioiiiig tljoMr thnt nrc fit aij<l aOvi^tng (h^ 
mili^-or by the Kubtilly of tbo»^e who arr ciitruBteJ 
aud eiDptoyed, tQ endear thereby tbefr services, and to 
draw from (lia Mfljniy j>T(rHt-nt uml rertnin btnicAtK, ^v- 
iftf; ID vxcbangc future aiul uiiccrtnin liupi-^, — or by 
Xhtnt igDorniicc who never fiK their ibivughu uptio 
ififsD* TcmAy and in bund, (oa un6t to cuinprns greater 
MMttcm, Bud fwunti^ tjd projiorliutt with tbcri)») httt buikt 
tf1«r tlir odd nnd rxcmordJiiAr}-, not. knowitif^ ih^t as 
ill oalnre aiid urt, mu in tltr> JifToir^ ol~ nivu, (nbidi urtr 
ftoC merely natural, but purtly so uud partly vobmiaiy, 
and Ibcfftrforr niiurb bcdioldi-n U\ i\ti ^ind dexFt^rity in the 
tiittlilgiO|;i} tJie gT««itc6t mait<*rs are pvrfonneil ufttinicw 
by tbe easiest and moai obvious nicam. Wbcdicr any 
of tlw«>e be tli<^ cuunr, nr nil, or nanc, biit nomru-bnt else, 
1 know aoU aid therefore h iU ii^^t wraitg any iu-mx by 
CQDJectUKA, but leAvt- tlie search of rt^mote ;tnd hidden 


cau>:c« to ticrper jti<}gnicnU^ Neither ivill Jmcddkwith 
Ihp Comniisuion/ iior ihp tenor of it, Hm that I m»y 
in MJine fiit^uBiuiv ^irp batiHrucliuii to your i[i<*^in?, 1 will 
only wt dow»i thr knowti i*flVcts^ nnd then ddiv<-r my ^J 
opliiloii of (Iw? nrnrvKt t'aiiKt of tliisc vlTwt&. ^M 

" Tlj« effecU oiv llicse : A tedious loDf^oni^aettit, in* 1 
Huptrruljlt' rfifRi'ulttCKr rim) a ^'iiiTaJ coTnifbint of nil pnr- H^ 
tine, — cvidi-iit argmnriLls of a buMm-Aa ill iziunrt^nj otid ' 
miBfurricd, ntid g^iving j»*t wtisc of fcnr th.^t th*- evcul 
tihttii not answer hia Mfgestj^'s ^^pecUttion h\ lioiuuir 
nor itrolit- Tliat It is l(ni||j*ion]tf, and like to \tc nosliJl^ 
nnd tli»t it in iri(rintt<^ Jiiid liilit'llr, ihvm^ tJiri^t' yrnrs'en-' 
d^avoure, with i^o ^mtill advanctmcnt, |>ivi«€videuLit«s- 
monstration, wbtTf dilticnltlr^, Tike thv Lcada of llydra, 
no MKmir urn- i-til ullfbiit Hii(iUn-r uri»i-n- TIml Ihr coin 
plninl mid diH^ritci^t h gmcrnl the induction of parti 
rtilars will be§t shtiir* 

" Tile Clkrgv complain that Ihey are iiot mt]y do>- 
frrm(!<*<l,by this coursr^of ificliibcHthc tntr pAirimoiiy 
of tliv* rhuri'hr but of nil bofic of uvoveriw^ tbi.- rtnine 
ID any time coming. — that the eottstitiitioDx of meu ar* 
pretViTi-d Eo the law of GcmI, not only by dcrogaiia 
from 111 but hy nttrtly nholir^liiug i.hc snnu^ — thai ■«• 
crllrge is allowed by public authorityt and brought iu- 
lik thi^ Kitip'?* house. 

" The TlTDi^ttst complain tliflt tboir tnfefUiKniK. 
and rntififHtioTis of ibr name in Pnriiameni, (the funda- . 
mental law whtitby thu fiubjfLt* pohh«« miy thing la 

Court arWbitfihuU. 7th J-ow^ IG9T." 

t dtip/iVv. iiii|m^tmtittm, — thi> ndiTiia kiiil bgron^ IMobIt. *tio aJkar 
till) HiatumuLEiuiit uhiaiiiv*] lo (Iivii'M-Ulv ^iftk ftoiDlfao OowooflJaCM 

TiTii^ pi>rjor iir chaiii-Ik i. 


pTDpnrlf,) Arp, in iheir pnrlirii[jir, by ttii>^ cmincf huIi- 
vrrltfil ; that they urm Dot ouly pi'UhbeJ io seU iimr viiie- 
fwt^t tint fom^l to 4i» if, un<l tlir lil-tt-'rly of the i>nee 
Ddl peruiitUMi Ut tliu a^rvi:-Nu-rtt ikf fiartich, Imt fir^t ibvJr 
p«rt diminithcd by a ^nofa^ nJid ihcn the ivmnindcr 
uiwU^rrnJiird by a pricv trij|Ri4eil, not the le^ thnt some 
have, and all prvlviicl lo Jmvc, nuqiiirt-'U the nnine for 

** The Pucsv^ssoRi nlle^^ lh»t their Inndn ar^ Tn!u- 
«d flbovt- the worth, .tnd not accordiii|t to the tnie and 
BMttinil firrtilityf jitid thnt there b no ik^futcjitidir^ »rilr* 
ductJon, ill fY;;4trd «f ihi-ir Ibduvtry, or of naidcntjil or 
rrtiiovfkbte cnti»<;fl of their incrt'n>4t-. — that iiimt of itieiii 
ttot briii)^ JtbJe li» Iviiy U^rir tithe-, uml th<^ fihlc? not wit* 
linp. for viint of «rciiri(ynnd for other rr^pecU, mu«tof 
nminlty pay the quoin to the tcind-mo.'^ior Ui victtmT, 
wbieli beixMiT«( an itihc-rt^ul duty of ihv laud und udH't^ 
it, iui<l not bciii^ginid aX the prcrim^mid ordlmiry ttTmu, 
as fpw are ahir to do, the jirioc^ and tinn* hlinll Iw (as 
httlmto tliey liuvr ht^ii) icudv evliorhiLfiui by the com- 
intvloDerf^ whom thf^y nll^jce for Ihi.' most jmrt Xa hv 
fltfuaioiicn to tJi€ titiilnni fcir ihv piir|)ijrw. So iXuvW it 
W slJU In \\\v tituUrV pou'er to oppr«}i?» thctn* conlrary 
tu Ibf Kii^'n i^raeiotm inti-iitltjri. — 

" injr opinioTi, hci:^ mursjuElcnuseof [^ITcuce, 
lIuD any oiber of r^mplnini, lo Jir>d his gmcifXiN nnd 
jdKt cndiuivourv, uf eindictititi^ (he ^eufest part tf/'/iU 
ptopt<'Jh>m fAtf a/ypr^SMon t^f ttnoiher part,* to bt^ ibus 

*Tl>dm4rt vuty be toft^n oil to Mrntll'bPrlnrlpl^iofThi^LBimf ^^ooc- 
Uadt3d«4ltl^n»lnraB tiLBlninivr lt'iKlufiniliJii7lt'h<]ftlii?iiiivuf lutEuhnr 
Willi mliiniiiliilK bowpvi^r. To Ehf li-nrnnl ii»t}inr, llip fnlJiiivipjf 
«f ilut f IpinMtvy wurk U iia^ii*T tt* CJiarlu L " i>ti Omilcv Lb 
■ dcvi|tnftpp«rHliiKAipbfviifiirinMl, (if AUp|>lfiii|{lh(MrHut«of 
llw Crowft bf « rvMOfKiDO ^ lolndi ■* veil u IiuiJl Id iLv v<;ry b^ 
flHrii^ *f ^ i"*^! !■* tncutxl > ftuif nil nvmnlioD ot ill i^if grniiU 



fruRtrRtcd nnd diRappoinU'il^and thnt which h\a Mnjes- 
ly iutriuliH) for thi? jcoiicral goinl. li* give jjciierul iliet- 
contrtilmcMt, thrnugh the ill onrri;igt of tJio bmintTH, 
whci>:by his M^cvXy \n tMrAiuhil of Uk' houuur liuo la 
bis virtuouAajidf;ucKliJesi^'iu,llj!iii wlikli nev-er printe 
tNtHNf/t^tf mar^jwrt, mitre ^ruttouK^ nut' lU'.n- trut^ Ao- 
n(Mim&/(': nitd \\\ (lie- iiiil it is luostlikdy ll^uiii^ iifo, 
fit sboU be mudi diminished, unices %onu- better course] 
be takeii> For iifiLT ihi.- valuations be ninile, ii^hlehi 
«i>ine pf good Jiid^iiient lliink will coitic >hort of tlutt 
which wa*i nindc when fhn thinJs of lirtii'finps wrrc fl*-i 
buineil, and ufter that \\w mjj3JtEci'& have piocureilui 
nK^ntutioiiH of iitiiH^ud. which indeed in expt^ieiit, *ni 
nf ruTiiIirr, whitli is mon^ necessary fur Uw srrvicr 
God, and iiftvr thai moLtiteiianoe for liobpltals and 
»cbooK und oUirr Jiieniis, tx- dtnlueted ort' th<; tithc!:!, 
nnd nflcr thnt ihi: titulars, eitlicr out of favcjur, or oiU 
of coDsideralioD of the Jo£s, ^nd tlM* jttEt and meritorJ 
01W eau^e** of their aefjui8itiu]i of the said tithoH, ^\ sii 
ti»fuctioiJ> which uiid^iuhtedly nil wiJ] jnx^lend to, nil 
dcmnnd, and most of Ihein iiki^ly mougli receive fmm 
BO bouiitifiLl a disjm^itioiii— tlLcrt-iimliider J8 nof likel] 
to |)rove ao jcreat «« is ffiven out< 

" A» to that nfhcT wny invented to raiKr prolit to hi 

id c'huivh jirnpcfty nuul^ wUhlJj right)- jcim^ tj>rajiT('hfindinK Elm* nil 
fho InVLflh ami fkntTii-r ^iriEn of J^tiaim \'|. Thr ihn^U i>f n firniii-i<i||n]f 
UjUfe lri?f(aa vxtltnl RT'«i' nifirfn; nnj [In.- Kiiiu kv'a* tt»fvctl Ur luw^T hia 

bcpEilu y\i!\s, in ihvutwhv* fkh'uiul rviiuKinMv : - 1. A oiMiii^ptvHl fiht- 
vUloti fur tliL' vlf rgy. ■»<) fur eilurarion i uorl.?. Tho frcwng DE'onnmQf 
liihrKrnLTitlif' ctjiprtuudan ■itlTori.-il In thf i.lrukvin|t Hfldlctyiujf 4if tiflink"— ^ 
K308. Hulktl H>cnmiiUPtcri|ktHnf l^nl S4pii-r on ihr^nt^fvt^-wrmipti, b« 
U rviiit'itilHirvil, luiifT prcvlou* Xu iJiuv (rn'tbk* whii^k ■»>»■} uiil d|<b« 

tcbcLaH,— oltcrdtt^-it'iv, n( tli^piirilj' of bitiiitrntiont. frmn odv *mU>\\^ 
luitl iEitiiiiiifdf nitiiiuiiJ umI vM\\ CIiai-1(4, tfml Jiii ivfltiniotiy mtnoi fn> 




iMajcsty, (which by rvUtlon J btar €iily, bt^iiTg ninJc of 
tIkU a btruijf^r tu u)l tli»ii? lnLsinL*9(NeH) by appointiag to 
[tbe King n cvrtnin part of llint mont-y wTitcb ahall 1>e 
^givcn forever^' chiilil<-r Ihoti-i &oW, I lliJnk it not ho- 
lionrablf, for even amoniv flubjt^i'tn it je4 counted bnne aiid 
falJed J^mNfvi^', neillii-T will it prove' profitable, htttcar^ 
Tiv^ only 9 vlindciwof profit, which u\K>n proof will eva> 
iiixh, Ikt«u»c it it* Hkrly there will l>o little or no bujr- 
iig of iJtlwe, for lutiiiy are UTiiihk', zind iriorc An; uu- 
lia|^» for these rea»oiu: 1. Dccaukc no security can 
be girrri thc!itt, (jih t!u*y think ;) for ihr tttalfir, hk IJlu* 
IftT. c&u gire no botti-r than ht* halb himself, which is 
fVleviUfd but a patch^^I up oti;^. now in question ; and 
for Uh* derf^t it ia iio rtwjii»ii tc iir^- thrm to give It* 
who have i>o bcnciit, but allegie dvtriiiJtfiit ; neither do 
tbty Ihmlf hi8 Mnjesty can give atub a ri^ht oh by hrn 
nci?e?uif DiAy uot bo ijijurrtrlk'ij. by allvginu; the itLtn* 
mcnt nf ibe Crovn, which hnn 4>n1y got n invnn nnnuU 
ty of that which lot^tJIy bi^lonita to it, ni^ii so may fall 
under rcrocalioD* 2^ Whatt!ver any augmentation 
of Kli|ieiid, or new provisions for mini^trcN vhnll be 
b cw a ft gr, it mast coni«' from ibose who have the in* ' 
herUaiKe of lilbeB, which ha^aril^ tbuiM; who pay their 
money will think ho hard tn hi^ Mil^eet to, nn tlu^ will 
rather forbear buying at alJ» So there being no buying, 
Ihb pmuiid fnlletb, and the project bititt thereupon 
CftlJHb. Dut icranting thfU nil or the inciBit part will 
Imjr, llie very aame bcni^'fil the Kinj- inny reup in afnir 
wmd ordinary wmy^Uy adding it to Ibeonlinary t-ompoNi- 
lioo, fih«n tbey coino to »tiek Uielr coufinnaUons after ■ 
Ihey have iMiigbc- 

" The iu'*r*«l cAUfw of ntl tln-ve bad clfeet^ U'forr 
eicpirvaaed, i take to be the prepoateroiLS and uufit means 
u^ed for attaininjc t!te King'A purtH»ic, und vpcci^illy tlie 



midrnvopr t<i mfnblinfi n gmi-ra] cjuoU U|M)n uiuc^h ii«'] 
Ceesarily {k*|>tiJtJe||j tlit? vaJuutiuu uf ;(ll iLri; lands IB' 
ScoIIaikL IihW(J if the Cinnmiiraiou JmJ tH-vn ^iTon 
to tiiw rnd, lu t'slnbliwh a ccrtnin lilhu in Mnav tiew 
founfl l^cd, when ui'ver a»y was iK^foiv, tbU Imd Ikvii 
tilt- only way; but in 8f.-utlaml, wlwtv then- faas ever 
b<rt-u n kii«;i ti, or cn.'iily to Iw kiuiwii. titlie of eirefy 
pared of gi'oiiiifl, «iiicc fir^t It rn:civcd thr Chriidiaa re«, 
ligimi, nt-ronliijj* ut uhirli tacks Imve hwn »tt, fim 
raised, and biirgm«4 of mile made, to iiiduc-^a nfxrqin 
tJi. ariiJ fit it to rdl pFtrts of thr hihgiiotn dike, iv^rv.m! 
niycpjjiio[i, iho w^y to difiturb and confound Hie wlrale] 
bii«mceAt flrtd no niore a ineana to facflltate ibc sale, nd' 
inittiii^ timt anlv bud lH*t'ii the true i(ic*Ettm. tbun if a] 
inercbant. to the cfTt-ct hjs clotb inigbt xcll tbv Ultcr, 
would «cll nont^ with the old rccoivrd yard, but suy 
till a new one were made by Act of Purbameut. 

" Hut it maybesaid, fTiv/ n^car/taAolhritn^ ve/trdetrra.^ 
Tb<r6r«t wlureof I would not do, if I did not think there 
were a way {if I be nol mlHtakm) to perft^rm the 
Kinjc'a gradons inlfntion, In short tirii*-, with truar, ccin- 
venieney* cniiteutnieut and j>rofit Ui iillt I'C the moat part^l 
witbonc any considerable innovation ^wbicb, tbongli lo 
the better, h ever of Umj^niUH conMequenee inuaettlti 
ittAte,)f and, wbnt i»no little i^^ixc to hi* Maje»ly, bfi 
whjeb tin man, nf whnf qiinEiiy EiM^vrr^ enn hnvr any] 
the leabt pretext lo deiujiiid I^uliBfJlL'liou, or lo diininibb' 
hi* Majeaty'^ pru5t, Bxii ndiher U this time lit itft- 
any nuch jimpoKitidD^ — wfx-n hiK M^je^ty ix uinth sa 
hopeful of the course in baud, and so well conceited 
the aSiliUeit and the oftection of tbe inBtrument'i employ- 
V'd and on t rust (sj,— neither am 1 a til man to do it in thi 



1 itQVr iUtnd ; * for no matter, how ^dlhI «oev«Tp 
d«livcnMl by a man ajtaittat whom tlwrv t-t prejudice 
ni»n'iv<<d, can n-li^^li wtOL Jiut it bt^nsiHi^ (uk ik very 
likd)) iIiIb councfflii wIiicIl now i» run, ami that thtae 
miAlfi, wliidi t-nlunin^ ond malieo Jiave raiat-d Ut dar-kon 
bb Maj«»ty m cuuutv^rvincv toward* me. be (li!(]>cr3utd by 
tlw ray* of lii> mm rU-iir judgrnc'itt, 1 sdinll not then be 
waatiiig ill piy iin't^rtiun and Uitly* At whieh tinir, if the 
propD«itioti liW hj^ MAJcaty, to make- It vflVrtual Jie 
muftt own it liiou^df, and, w try it. iiiviat unk tht* iiphnon 
of tJic witfctt and hvnt ufTrcttd concerning tlic Mimir, 
For if U Klionld br kiiohrn or Aiuprctrrl lopi'ocec-d frum 
any otktfr. It ts tb» humour of boint* of f-n^qtent trut^l lujd 
mdlt abotic pHu(va, to djagrace xht^ iuaik atid to fJif^ht 
ind cry down any mfflioii, Lhcingh nrvir Ao^^d, which 
i^iOcUi not proceed im[iKdiQU-ly or mrdirUdy frouj thi-uj" 
•dv«a; and upon every occasion that occurnfth, will 
jatbergivB bod iuformatioii^ And worlc odvicv, than 
WW way to others or vvtu iiicnpahlc of nny thiii^ 
»tb«nsetty«^ Much like tfiat ^^vnlk-riiiiii who roJc- out. 
in tbe Guni|iaiiy of otb(-r!»» 1o briit|; io the l'oj>c to a dty 
in Italy, The l'oj>Eukin|i: many fjiwMioni^, ftnd iuquir- 
tbe iianici^ of eitLi>r nvoi^, nitd pltuvs tliat came 
»wilbin bift rl^w m hv Wi^ax alouj{, thibf^tiiLleiuau uiuila 
aniivrt.-rK Ut ulJ, aitd finvn imiiiefl to evi-ry Ihlti^, but ne- 
ver a true one, being Iiiiniclf ignorant of tho ounw. 
id ao be contiiiut'^l in dineoitr^^ wiih the Pope till lie 
'OuiMftnbinlodpnjc.afnlulipna friend aihm n^hnkcd fitnt 
forabutii:ig h)^ holint*9u with untrittlis, ' if (»aid be) 1 bui 
{jcffptfd Ignorant of whnc wnM nKketl. Uie Pope would 
httve called aiwtlivr, w> bbuuld I forego tbtj bouour I 

* H^kt nflniHcrL|it itiu^ Ukv^^ boon writtvn ir»rlii|{ irii- ivDnjmmry iltt- 
^ all— II uTiIm IC!u|r tmrmnlt N'j>|ikr, hi narntlvJ m bk lM«iJuri, V^a 




had,— *-to hv stH^u n^iiig so n^^ikrUie Popo nud in ^jieecU 
It itji liiin, — uud Im ri^U un ivi-U datJHtird ittt if Uii- truth 
bnd Ikvh pxnclly tolH him." 

** Arul truly, if i-viT niiy King, our Sovemgii, in so 
fai^ as tx>uci;niL-tli Sixittiab business, mny jui«tly make 
Dioclc^siiin'K ooiKpitiiiit* — Cri//ijpiT/f ne qufttnur ant qt/in- 
que circa ImprrntttrcM, o/ffuf jtiAt H/ilia, tmh prrtr^tt 
bant pMici rt priitcifiht projknntnf, — hortoa, et vrrMe 
prttditoa, nh impmttoff maotfHf, — ntaioH^ Jticttofoa ti 
sitfi ifiorrcoa utUnJKtint, — reritah'fn Qtl uurcs principis 
ap}'M^'t' Hon sttiunft — Sit noses, ^AriHNS. CAUTtJa, 
i>M-n'iit h iMi»*;H^ioH."* 

From tlies?. ;iud other ^ngnieuts of his rvllectioiif 
we ahaU ycl have to quot^, it might almo§t seem 
that tht" |»rei"i'jitor uf Mttutruw had Ijwii ^ifttil with 
the xrcomi sight of ht« coutitryt and thnt to him the ^i 
" comfng ewnts cnst their nhndon-fi hcforc," It i» in- ■ 
ti^rvsttitjjc to coiiiiect tlte abov< maiiu&eript. upon oue of 
the m<?«t itifhiontinl tui<\ U-avt ohK'iilatcd crent^ tif the 
ttm4«, ivith a jms^ngit in JJt'yJyirj^ Lifoof Lnud^ 7'hiiit 
contemporary wnUr uArraies, that, in the minority of 

■ llduit Uaif iivanl* ftTC wrltttn riO|ihrttitA]1y lutfge in tho nufmHTipt. 
It i> « ii'M'c'h put in thv fiionlli of (lie T-iikfioroT DUxtlvtinfit tfttrr hia ii>- 

Itmury ibdintion nf Ibp i^ir'nii>, vhtm H^lnimlntf nn hi4 EavonHlo topic* 
ihvdiHkiultjr uf liwiuit nfiuwl (jrin^u, 4HI>1iuj] rkn* jiumpliniuh lliv pa^ 
iii)fL\ "[[4;w oApii li IL tUf intctv^t ir\' foHi ar fm* iiiiiiictvra io combine 
tiigr((u<r 1*1 dcocLv« fLc^r ^nvvnt^n [ ^coLudvd from nianklnd hy bi» o%^ 
rilTiHl (li|[nlf]'i iho Irufh l» i^oiu^i'dli''! frnin hU k"flvrlt4lj(ti,— hi> fwa *v^ 
iin^v ivilh ihi'tt tyr*, hn Ki-at* nnll>jii|( hnl th<ui ■■^■'■Ti-prr^rHrfttvon*^ II* <] 
LiiiiJt'n iIk- jihn«l im]rfii1«Eir uIIki'i rijiou UivauJ wtukiu>*,Mxiil Jl-^rucv* 
iliir JiWkt tirluuuk aud dvwvr-viri|f uruvii^ Jiu kiibjui.'L>. By ktitih inriunout 
Arm ihe beat mid n-iivi iTrincofifttv ^l•^fl r^ tliv vuiud corrtipiioiit of ibolr 
ftjuilinm." The qiiomtbn \n Lord Xipier'fl niDEuicripi la fraat Kopiit- 
(■ii.« Ipnrni'd 8}n;rM<»n, rrrk^mvil [ht OryLilLR-ii" nmiinjf llir Mt Jiu- 
l}iur*,rJilled flitlontr Att^HiTtP^rtfifarfa. lll^pi^lcivconfklinrdiriuTr 
ekv»"l '■"d piirt- [hiiri llmt of juiy oniii! oilier*^ mul CJilibcju m |Mirlitu* 
Uf tuU fCtvHt >riDr* hi- bioL 


Janift» VI., Uiv lands of all cAlhe^lEal cbuvchen, andrfr 
li^<)ii« bouM-s, vrbkb had been settled on ihc Crown by 
art of Farlmiiinit, vrvrv, by the cuiiiiivjini'u cif tliv KnrI 
uTMumy bii<1 other Itc-gcnu, Hbnrcd among the r^ 
vohadoanry ItinU and barotut; anil i\mU " tbi^y lorded 
it with priik' tiad inxoleucc enough in their several tvr- 
ritorifl^ iKdding ibc cit^rgy ti> ftmnU Ktip^ds, and tht* 
poor pMisanlfl under n niisi-rabk vas^alnt^i.' and subjec- 
tion to tbvni. nut sulftfriuj; Uitm to cairy away their 
nine |mrtfl IJU the lord bnd rarrk-il olfhiH tentli^ which 
nuui/ tUBi» wu neglected out of lintlv stnd inAfict- » iboae 
l3rr«IltB not cftHng to Losx^ titbc> so ibat the poor 
amV LTOp JDl|JElit be left uuio apuil and huzi-ml.** Uvy- 
lyu tbro iiArratc« liow Claarlest, adoptjog the projectb of 
bis father, * riiya>K'f*s »|imj an na of r^'Vocntlon, com* 
■aia&iontttiuif fvc that jmipu^i? Ihi^ Eurl uf Annandule, 
and the Lord Maxwell (ufierwarda Earl of Nithi«laleO 
to hold a Parli-imcnL in Seutland, for corjtnlmtion of 
nwDcy and ships against (he Dunklrkor^, and ;irmiujf 
»H alsu with Buiiie Bi'iTt-t inslnH-'tions for juiMing 
Bet of revocation if he found it fvn»<iUk-. Uo- 
jog OD his way OH far ns Hcrurjck, MaxweU was there 
nifiNtned. that hiH chief errand being made kijown bnd 
put all at Edinburgh into tuwult. — that a rich coui'b, 
wh&ch lir bnd i^cfit bfore bun to J^Ukcitb^ was cut in 
pieces. th« poor boraca Icillrd^ tbv people ee^mhrg uniy 
•orry that tbcy could not do ^o much to the lord biai- 
§H£S Jti euu^rqiitnev i>f Lbi^ fiiilurt-, Cbarlo n<Joptcd 
lll« advice of bjs Solidtor-Cjvncral for Scotland, Mr Ar- 
^Ibflld Acbc«on, who had been a puisne judgp in Jre« 
land. Tbi^ bwyer k was h ho pru|nmed tbi- uiucbinery 
of ibr Comnib«i»n of ^urrt-udor!*, with which ibi- Kin^ 
waa an highly dcUgbted, tliat l^e hononi'cd the inventor 
with knighthood. Thrve yearafrom tbcdateof thj^Coin* 



miwioEt, matters were lu lit*- hiate tMiuiitiiriiltHi iijMjn lif] 
Lord Napier in the TriHtiusL-riix vrc have c^umcd. l\ 
&l>pviirtij lidweviT. ihcil. shi»rlly j^FUt rxpri'winK lliosel 
opinions, he hn<i not only hevxt tvaIoix'J lothtr royal fi< 
vnuz', but oUaineil an i>p|Hirii)iitty of coiiimuiiimtmg 
fill his views on the Hubjc-cl ot the tithe pdic-y to tbc 
Kinp IritMiielf- " hi the y*'nr lti:30,"sifty)i Hcylyii, "rotn* 
iniNnioiHTfj (I'mm thi* lithc'tujlik-rM) nrv hi^^riT to tlku Court 
<tf KiigUnd, nnd amon^t €lher&, tli^ lenrued and rifclit 
nobly LorU of Merc'hihioii [Napier) Jrom it/ifrfnf iNfwfA\ 
J htu! ail ihh rcitititm ; wh". flfter a long tiyaly with! 
till' \\\x\^^ iV\i\ nt \i\>i\ rigiv^ timt the KniiJ ('oinintn^ioili 
should [jj-Qcct^il it^ forrtierlyt nnd that all ^UL^h utipeno] 
riticfi &iul tithes as hnJ bei^i, or aliould be surreridcre<U 
ehoulil be rej^niiili^ii by ihe King oij thi'M< cjiiiOitirinsaj 
I. Phut ill! Mich SI* hi-ld hortnlitury shcriH'tioin^, or had' 
the power of life ami drnth over *tJch ns lived ivithin : 
tJieir juribdicttou, nhould cjvkit tltiae royaltieit lu Uii^| 
KiTig. 2. 'J'hnl they slicnibi make unto their leimntt^^ 
in thvir hi'Vi-nil Jnniis ^oiiif j>ri'tnjiij«-Ml vi^lnti>> vitlier^_ 
for their lives, or one-and" twenty yenrs, or some vuch^f 
like term, that ea tlje tenantry might he tnieounij^l to 
build Aoil plant, and irnprow the juttmiuiMy of that 
kingdom. 3. That some provision* should bt mad^ for 
iLii|;inviitLDjc tliv bilipenda of the der^-y. 4. That tlicyj 
•Uould double the yeoHy rents which \rcre n^jicrvrdi 
iinto the iTown by Ibeir I'unniT (^ninls. .5, TbnttlH^se; 
COiidilions Iwing jJcrforimHl %m tlirir jmrl^, the King] 
»Iiouid settlo thi'ir ifitnir^ by net of Pnrlinmont. Home; 
wi-nt tlje ei>tnniiteion*fr6 wiih joy for their ffowd sut'cesrt,'] 
expecting to he enterUined with bells und bop^rcn.^ 
But they foniid the v^ontrary, the proud Srot.h hriiip ge- 
nerally lettolved rather to pnt all to hazaid, than to quit 
that power and tyruiiriy which tbcy had over thtrlr poor 

coROKATiov pROoness 


g *i — la> — bin^liichnamcaf^tfrtheinQniirrot'theFreiidi, 
tbej^ callrrl their trnimU. And hrriunTo thvy were 
mcnumtroil uiL fieri), '»n<l by a party in Eii^lunil^ n'ho 
ft«n-il ihut by tltin ji^rei'iiR'nt iitv Kiufj^ would be 00 
abioluic; m lUu^e uc»rtbrrii rrgitinH, ctist int uid could 
bf hofM^ frotn thcncv when the ncccf^Jty of their ile- 
■tgiis cnlfht ii)o«t n'quire it;* — juHt iim Uk- ('uKliJinns 
w«r« dUpU«««d wUb tb<^ coiiquc'Ht of Portu^nl by King 
Pitilip JI., bwjuiu.' lln'rcby thry bml iu> plnce }e(i to 
rrtirv unto, whm i-itbcr the Klii;;V di^plt^asmv, or tftdr 
Htmbcijicnce ^fiovild niAkr their o^'n couutry too hot 
fur tbcui* f^ueb wur* tbir Incc tjf (Jburih mud HUiit' when 
his Uajnty bcgnii hh journey for ScotJi^uil to riMseive 

At iengtii Cliftrlcjt clTcctefl that memorable progre^B 
in llif motitli of.Nmc l^fiS. On tlur night before hlti 
Gorofutioo, ht wba fira&ted in the C'a^tle of EUiuburgb 
by tlie old Knrl fif Mur, wIiodj he had [jeheM nt liiK fort, 
mitche« aw] nil, * mirriiig |iity li> twuxi- iiiju^liec/* On 
Um morrow, whni seated in the ^riftt bnll of the PitAlJtr, 
to rpretvr the cruwo wbieh some would fnio hnvc fildj- 
rcl from him, it w^» Huy. the crubbeii Chnncellwr, — he 
wiiose ** manntrr wn« to itiU rrupt nil mm whm be was 
di»|)w»J tuHj>L'uk. and Ibe King too," — tb«l now, ju 
the naimc of the ««t2Jte8 of the kingdom, *' ^pukt^ to 
the Kiiig/' Amiirifj; the nix nobletueu, whoru bij; JVln- 
j<sty ttelectod Cu support tbi? boarci-> of hi^ canoj>y, was 
Lord \upier Kothe^, the fnliirr of the future (-ove- 
Dant, enrrie<l the ^eeptie, — -und Lora, the dee|>er uijj 

SuLd hid KLnK for ■ gronl.*' 



laore cleadly promoter of the RcbeUiou, u»iHU^ to 
thr iratii- 

TUe factious infiolency of bis Scotch iiobtcv whi 
ChnrlL-s Itiid I'AptH^nced in ETifclaiid. he now met wjtb, 
in ijtorr (loiigrruus dud jiirrMJEinl rulh^iori, " (it Ijoiue. 
No sooner hnd he wt his fnot in Scotland tbao he c 
atecJ tlio chahc«'lli>r Karl of KiiirHiul, a favour wlii 
had little effect in molifyiuy; the temper of ihitt »tute9^ 
inan. CliuHeH hud atwiiyh wishes! tlint the pHmatc of 
Scotland i^bould have |)recedciicc of Lhc chaDcellor 
" wliitii"(&a)'s Sir Jflmrt Balfoiir)" ibe LorUChftnct 
lor Hu}\ u ^Ibiit Htuut ni^iii, vvoiild rir-vrr (-otulrvcrn 
to, i>or ever Kuffer him to bai-c place of him, do whst 
be could, (ill tlic dnyK of \l\f^ lifetime," Once agai 
Charleii eiiJi-avoare^l to eiFecl this. It wok whr ti a 
rftDghii; ihc pugvautry of b;a coronation ivith Sir James 
liaKauT, the I-ord J-yon, in wlnwe own grnphlc wordi 
vrv nnmt give the auecdote. '* 1 renieinber tJjnt King 
Cbnrlei; su-nt mi.- to the hitrd ChnricdlQr, bein^ ih^u 
Knrl of KJnimul, tlie tiny vf lijs own eoronatiun, hi the 
uioriiiu)t. to ^ew him tbal It was bib Mill ^nd pleaMurvp 
but oiily fur that day. iliut lie wuuld eetle nnd give placo 
lo iho An-li1>iithop ; hut lie reioriK^d by ino to lils Ma* 
jasly a very brusk answer, which wae. that hince hit 
Mi^cHty had \wvti ph'iisnl to c^outiiitie hiiti in that oflieo 
of chimcvllor, which. hyhiMDeans hi* worthy fathvr, wf 
happy memory^ had ht'>tr>wvd upon htm, he was i^ady 
ju all bvuiiihty lo lay it dowu at bu» MajeKty'ii feel j 
but Hiiice It w&A his royal will be should enjoy it with 
the known privileges of the -sumc, ni^vrr n utord priest ^| 
in Seolland should wl a foot before him solou^ att his " 
blootl li'iitt hot^ WLi-'ii 1 liad related hi^ u[iswer to the 
King, he sraid, ' Wcel, Lyi>u, ]et*n go to buitim^K ; I will 
not meddle further with ibal aitf cankrrrti, gout^ m^tn^ 

AEtDS 09 Twr. COV£?4ANr. 


dl who«« UaiHJi tlirrc i« nothing to he gmried but mur 
wofdft.'"* Tlnw^ven tlT^iTgnliirncessioiijWlifch to the 
efo of all Scotland bctokciit-d gai«!ty aiid gladiitf^a, wa* 
%0 ibe di^t-oUnl mnijarcli rt-plrte ivilJi vcsntioii und bit- 
temcra- Fnwn tluit hollow jnigeanlry he pasi:c-d to his 
ParUim^Lt of 8cotJnnd> whb n spirit Joftj". and lonfj; 
rltatf(*d. but as |jliK-ub]<- as it wnn royaL 

Bjr lhi> lime tbc Si'ulcb rnt'tiuni^t^ Imd ^r>m<^ yming 
blood Amonff them, hot ne tbcchjincdbr'sandcvt^n more 
vkionn- Tli«4c jwruitw were not strangers lu riiurlt's. 
About tlie doM of the year 1626. three commUffioncra 
had breti d<s|mteh(-d by thr lilhr-lioldrTfl in 8roi]Riid. to 
pTMpDt a remoiictraiicv a|;ui^ttl t be act of rt-vtH.-aLioa 
pn>poBBed by llie Kiu^, ivlio, hnving; vomeinCelligencoof 
thrir pbti, mid nnt cbiiHing to Ik^ iTiNtilt^'d by the fnrtion 
from whoMop|>TC«aioii» lie wished to relk^ve (he [Jt-ojili-, 
aent a mandate 1o these emisF^nrieH io stop ^hort of the 
Court. Tbeir piflition wns received. }j<)wevcr, nud 
provn! to be couched in »\ich terms thnt " hi? Majesty 
stormed a 1 their pHlIioii, ns of too liij^h a Htrairi for 
Nubprcia ojul petitioners ; bitt nhortly tliervEiftrr, on 
Ibr acknotrfedgment t>f ihetr tmtr, tliey obtAiii |>lu^ 
doB, and license to couie to the eourt.'^ f They were 
ioba Earl of Roihes, Ak-xflnder Earl of Lintith^w, 
niul Jnlm l^tnl J^udori. Whrn thrM- harliiiigiTs of 
" tb« troublra" obtained an auiJience, the storjji hnd 
fft»*cd from the brow of the (jeiitrous Kin^. who jocu- 
larly lidd tlrem llint Xhvy hnd ht^ni tn-nled hkp*(o mnny 
young does, whom tho old i>uebi finding; theiLLHeU'es hoi> 
lypdrmtcd ami In hazard of beiii^ laketi, cuuniiigly 

■ iWlfiwtV AtiuJ-, Itf a Aiivonb^k' LTlinr)'- Piililiihitff in JTi$4 liy thv 
llnuv 1Uj( 4f the Ubrory. Tliu abutv biLOOiloU? uf l.'Iiftnc«]lDr liny 
■gill rtnWty ^h L*nt XupUirV ncouuijl uf hinu fivif oMt, jf, «0, U. 

t lWI>qr. 



mpom to the hunipra fury, lu saT* iLeir own irrirt-iiiii<!>;. 
80 fie disiNifl^ttl i!)t-m I0 & conference with his »ccr«* 
Urf, }^ir /Mi'AnTKTiT Stirliii^^, anil tho iKihU'mnn who 
had lnlfrc't!ite(l for tlicni. namrJy, tlieEurl L>f Mirtitrith. 
lli«S4* Hirickcii cIiM'S howcvir, diii net retire in iir«vp. 
Wicii Charles took hi8 HUfll in Ihr Sc«K'lt Parlia* 
ment of IfiSS, Rothet aud Loudon proved to be leaden j 
of the vi-rv dangfruus hrrU he Clw^re hroujjht l« twy,^ 
7^}ic KijLg had puiir^ed in hi'- frtV(.Mirite and pimisa MrJirnic,' 
of nrriinging fl imifornut/ of woi-ship thnmghovit \M\ 
kingilouiN, uiid now (k-lerrnined to L-oiiqut-r murt.* ^idu< 
ally, and with as littk* violence av po«aible. the iiclfi»lli 
olmliimry nf ihf tilhr-holdrni, whirli^ Ik* h^id i-vrry m»-] 
Bon to b«ljev<-, waa tlie only obstacle tu his airieti{>ni-i 
lio!i9 or the EpUcoiw! diurdi of Stoiknd, But he hod 
Ml idi-n ikf givmg up to \h\*. fiirliim Ki^ligimj nnd the' 
Churdi u^ ulivudy eatabl]hhi:^d. Unconwious of Papiv*! 
lien] hir]innth)nH. nnd to» enlightened him-nelf nut U 
p<-r(Tive, in Ihe ri^Jn^ murmurs iipiinht iH>|A-ry, citlicr' 
jtn bTAtional or a treacherous oppoMtJon. he dflcrmiu' 
^A lo n?tAt'rt hi hin own Ti/mte whul hail been j>eur<.'f u lly 
i<«tithlinheil hy his hiinietliute predeteK^for. Thttt Ui« 
King could Cake hia seat in this Pnrliaukent, (nt a time, 
tiMT, u'heu priTogntivL* und priviK'ge uei'e all midefiiH 
cd,) with cfthti timl prmkntinl lerlingR tortai-d* ^uchan 
Opposition. WBB not to he expM»ti?d. Tm ndojH his own 
itceouut of Uie iniitlerp^wliich, from ila Unth, becaiua 
60 hateful to Uie Covenanter*. — " we (say* the Kitijf.) 
uadertciok a journey to them, iind, nrronilu^ U\ mir rx- 
peetJitJon, were muNt joyfidly received by ibent. But! 
immediately befortr ft^»d nt the titling down of onr Pnr-| 
lEnnietk there, we quu-kly fonnd That thr very ham*' 
persofis whd niiice were the toulriveri of. and &tiU ton* 
limie the gtieklerB ft>r, their now pretended Cuwnrint, 



bcgnn to liave secrt^t meeting, nnd in their private 
c«ni»<itlAli»tis ■'■<1 vt-ut thdr iLiplitt- of our itiiiorrnt re* 
vocntioQ. aD<3 our tT\o*t hL-m'^Hal ooinmis>^ion of 9\ir* 
rcndrr^ Bui knowing tlutt Uiose twuiHjvild ^fuLritlic^n 
DO pMtf , tlicn they bf^guii Lu HUjrgrfit great feutA tliat 
many and dnngri^rmDi innovnlions of rflL^iati were to b« 
flitcmpln) hi Uil)f prix^nl Pjtiliujiteul. Nol ih^it Ihey 
tiKtiiMtve* tbvuj-ht «o. but because ibey ktivw timt 
citticr that or noilituic uuuEd hoW with|ikioiis jcn- 
lousy. or ink'rru|)C and relax, th<; prt^vut joy iind con* 
ttfiiuneot wliicb cHiIovctHou' iti our siihjei.'i^' li^art!4,and 
apptan^d in t)K<ir h(-»i^ty e.Nfire-HhiutiT^. i\rr our prespnce 
anovg thotn. Hut wv readily cotifLitcd nil tbest; fius- 
pi^ious surmisf* ; for, rxpppi an net which gnuf us 
povn-r to ap[Kijiit siiuh vestmvs for clitirrhineii an wc 
»houkl bold to be rnoM dc^etie, ndbiu^cuncenLing re- 
l&jCkm wns dtbrr pro|)«»nd«l or |Hissi^rf hi timl i'nrlia* 
mmt.btilthatwhich every Kinjjrdikihiuunllyjn ihataiid 
al) otbirrChriaf 1^:111 kirt^^durtm, fMih8 at ih^jrlir-^t Pnrfin- 
mmt, %'ijc. an ;iccof rdtifii.-utivm;fa)lotberjrWK hf-ntufore 
nuidr, nnd tbon 9i1aiiditi|ciik'<irtv, i-ontvrniitgihc rtJIgion 
prceeDlly profemei] and cHttiblii^licd, aitd outiciTiiiiig tbe 
rltut*tJu btr liberties siul privilege's, Wliidi utt, Iw-iiig 
an art nf rourir, IhuUj^h it p^tsM'd hy must voices, yH 
woA il dj><a«f^enlcd fi'onit to our grent admiration, by thtf 
voicm of many of tho«e who nre now tb« principal pll- 
lam of llM-'ir Coi'inmnL ; wbkli itaulv ull men tbi^n begin 
to iiwpect that nurt- ibtre wa* Hodncj grcut difiteiiipei of 
h«ai at Ihe benrt. uheh it boibsl so over nt (heir lipa^ 
by liieir uiiiiect^sary uiid uupj'ofimliJti dniyiu^ of as- 
aeat l<^tlie Iuwh, cvnceniing the rdigton and eburcb» 
atrmdy t»UiE>li4bcd, tbiK limt net pu>»i)^g niorr for 
foni>,«nii tba honour of religion^ than for any um: or 
neccadty *jt it, all ibe fur»ier Iuwa »1IJJ tttandjng in 




force arid vi^orj wilbuut ihv iicwl of au}" iic"' rjttifici' 

Tilt* ii(>bl<irM*n who lefl this Tiiotioiis flfipcbJlii 
uid ibe nijuiuer in vrbicU tlitry did >w, vtrt jurtinili 
ciUculaU'd to Uirow thf^ liciAly King olT hiit guanl 
Uiitt unltufpy CQlliRion wtllt llio PfirliarncTLt of Scotbi 
TKo handing ^j>okc*inen wciv Loudoit bikI KoUicj 
Jt hod botrii roL(vdtd to Kiiijc iutiie^ by urt of Par/ 
l^nifut. tbat till? ordering of tha »|fparcl of diurcbinea 
should n|]|M-rtitm to him- f'hju-]p«, roTiMtKtrntly tril 
lli« objccl of oitifurajily iu i-huivli inalterH, wab &ax* 
iousDot to lost- <<ight of thiii act, :md the Lords of ihl 
anirlvs luid indiulrd it in thr gmrrul net of htH p 
gativc. The opposition seized upon this aa tbe tni 
fiivourflble siihject for popular a|fitatiori. It being ea«y,' 
with tbi; uid of n fanntind Hcr^% to rjidtr tbi^ fii<o]>1e 
into ifTUtional violence agnJDGtlhcsiirplLCeiOod tbrough 
tliat jK^rvoried riicdiiitr] to poifwii their mitids u'tlb fah 
iiltaH v( llir Kinp'sn ialcTitioiit^ Fr«m Saiidci'sou* con-' 
lcmponiryIiUtory,u'cderivclbc folk}"'] o^ quaint andcir- 
ciiinhtniilialdi.'8t-i-iptEoTi of tbestylt^ of n dt-bato tluit waa 
in fuel pre^moC with tbt- fate of Ei);;biLd. " The 6ret 
that opputt'd IliiiC art wfts tlu' L^nl Loudon, nboJd youog 
JDaji of^a broki-iL t^stnli', Latidy conic from ^bool (tbcifj 
collcgcttkiidnMa.'^Ui'of ArlA. A deft Lord he wa^ wht 
mwiug of thn Court 1o eiviliKr hi;; Ktiidii^K, mtint iiocdi 
wfiiit morabty to briuK ^nJ" to iiianiierr^, and beJEig 
bcjitdeM of ix cuvJIliiL^ eoiUradiclory n^tturei uotbfog 
would Hccm lo him an po^ttivi^ in ivfison a> hiit owii o|tf- 
nioii; uTidthcrvlcirc nin*, at here lo fori.' at echool, bo nrgur 
cd with hi* diMiru-tion^— rf"/'/?'^' r/HfFstiorti itoft fjo/eft 
tiari unuri-JiportJir/j ; i/tif^ff ftic profn},- — and after bi**yIio- 

* The Kiig^ A l.nijji^ ntrlnrm^OJi i printini in Ihtf ycuir tfl^D ; ofwhidi 



^iuning in tliiikiud h^sitstluwii wtlhachalJengi** — rv- 
Mpomif, ftf^rgf, mr^fCrr, punx*'- ThcKiiigioM Ijim ihoor- 
d*rioflh«houw, noUorfrr^tf/r there, but togivchis vole; 
fea or mr^t — ' ivlnch I dtj' »^i(l Irt-, ' ne^itire.' rin<l ho not 
dowu id a tutuif: yt't Uiv Ktiig had ibc maj^r voJci'*^ 
qffirma/ietr. Louilou HtuntU Uf> and qricslioDeth the iv- 
jEi»<trr, hc;iii« Ihir calciilutiuiL with great contest before 
ihc King rfliild c'iirr}' it. '• 

The King apjwniv 1o bltvt> htyrit niiiioyed und irrl- 
utcil, aoil even to hflve alfordeO a baudic tu faction 
by noi rc|im*?>ing bis indigiu^ia R-dings, Only con- 
fvcioufi of bring there op]>ofied by the lillitf-cabdl. ixtid 
AW^ thftt they hnd held ueditious m««ting3 iu jiccrct 
brfon' till? u.-»eiiih)iiig of Parliament, Churles UnH eome 
pr^Mnd to carry ma1trr9 aicihist these turbuleal nu- 
bloa, witli m higher hniid thm^ prudence iiiet4i1^d, espe- 
cittUy afl it was not in hJe nature elTectually to ^u^tum 
ui arbitrary syHtecn oficovertinifiit, u|K>n any dt'tcnnincil 
flTitvady VH*u-> nfhij^awn. Hu?<hwc>rth deeljire»i, that, 
dartng this scot^my and tntitni^tieji) dehotc, in which 
there was manifested snch a di^poeitiort tu iriMilc the 
Kii^. " liti took A list of tb« whole inciiibi-rK out of fiii^ 
pockrt, and >aid, Oetitli-itieti, 1 have at\ your nnniifi here, 
■iiJ riJ know nho will do tn^r nervier* aud wjjo \;'iLI 
Dot thU day," t According to (nnrendon, ibc Kin^ hud 

■ 'A C«Npl»l HMory of ibc Ufa niid lUi^oo ofKb^Cfavlrft fnjru 
bit tn^t to Im snt*i eoUrcTnl unit mlLU^n h}' Willlnm fwidprann, 
Kiq,-— Printed l^M. 

t RsJiHWlli, VvL U. ^ t^^ t^ar rhU ivlulirmfod C'uUvctvr wnu 4i>ual- 
irftli* Lvnu l^liuuuiit. juu] il Urj4iA* wuEl kiiuwii tluU bia lv«- 

■nlml Bibhwortli'i partiul colU-ciion !• thv " ImpuilBl CuiltfC* 
iImi'' «# yoluo, wlifi iBtyi in hi:* limu(lu<:|imi.— " If I do iiDl ntako it 
Af^tfT 1^ Hr EtuahwnRh hnili tioaoiii]*ri Injlb, owiMTnarpd to irlndU 
cats &• pf^mUlna drlract^onB ul iha Imc llinf*i u well Bd ilidr bvtan- 
m* BctigBV, «■<] with » kind '■! i^>iiiid ZilwUd Elui Kii^vniti^init nt h^ 
iMkd IwhI, I wilt bv c«iil«Dt*(] Lliv ainu'il »Ijb11 k" *ie*luiI mtf-" 



reiriATked that al thU time KoOie* and b\* party ci 
fLiuivDiiml " to mnko UmrtfjHvrn p(k|iulBr by HpriUtinj 
in rnrlinnifnt af^iiififit tliose tbiuj^« which werv mi 
gralofKl to his .Mnji-'sty, mid which uiill pi^c-iL^I uotu'il 
•tiujdiiig their contritdioUoH, jtud lir tliouf^bt n littlt? dJi 
coumcnnnc^ upon ihoH^ persons would vilhrr mi| 
that mpirit within ili[rinK'_-lir<-s, or make tho poiaoii of' 
i1 k&8 tjperativc- iijHin olLeriL" That gnat tuMtoriau 
Htlil*. Uiut of the Mnr) of Jtolheii, ntiA otbcri, the King 
hnU tljc W'oi^t opjnimi, and purposely witbhdd fniiu 
thtiD any gracv by nev«r sj^^ahiag xa thein, or tAkbi^ 
noUci- uf them in thi? Court. Vet ftuch wn-i thrir ef- 
frontery, and detenu i nation to attmn thdr «nd«. that 
** when the Kitii>: wn« abrond in the lipids, or posfiliTg 
timugh vilhif*t*A» when ih^ ^reuteht erowds uf |>e(>]>le 
floeVcnl io ttv hiin, tftojif tH<rn trouiti /tfiii be next him^nnd 
entertain him with Rom^ diseoun^e nnd filefi^ant rela< 
ttoiib, which tJ;e Kiiif^'s gentle diapoaitfco ootild uot 
av»l(l. ;ind whieh nmde those ppr«on?< tfi ho generally 
f>vJieVLd to t)e tnoiet neeeplable to his Mnjehiy,**— a dia- 
ractcmtic demenntHir of ambitious dieinocracy, upon 
which C'inreiidoTi piivit-s the shrewd reHifUon, tJmt " let 
the priHident or inoa^t t'oniia) man rcKidi-e to keep wh«t 
di«lanoc he will townrda others, a hoM and cunftdent 
iTiiui ioHtuittly deimiJi^ht-fi iLat whole iimehiiie, uud jjets 
withiit hirin and e\'eii ohlige^i him to hist ou^n laws of 
eotivencrttioM." SuHi wilh tiie fnirtinii with u hotn (Thartea 
eame into colh^ion -in the Scotch P^rlhimeut of I63A< 
flnd to who^e hllter ili^nj>poii)tTnent the King'* prerogn- 
tJvv wnst Kiiveil, for the time, hy hiMitJU emnmandhig h 
majority of that I'arhftmenl against the m\w^ tide of 
dialvyulty and disorder. * Itut it was nut inert-ly (o ac^ 

* Dr €ouk h» beun mivlpJ \nio a miut mlctbkun frUtory oflbb utAT 
tsr, hy B^bop Dmrnou ru who« uiaUc^ Tho Revirruml aaifioi' wouM pm- 


qninMi NiKirl-livct) trimnpli uvt-r tlic- luctititu; ai»\ tiirim* 
kot ibttCbArlMftCCOdiplifhcd tliii^ memorable pro^i-v&«. 
His ot^fect wms to sei-urc the poaci? an<J happlne^ of his 
■ttbfvrtji, uo ]e«* tliui toproftct liidcruwii, Acconling- 
IjTtiti thUPiirUAmcrit, hU tithe paJicy wnx linnJly n<1j list- 
ed u^on its present Uibis "nil txl (he j^uiiic time hv mUM 
%mmtnh^T ine«tini>bk benedt to the Scotcli people, in tJi« 
BIntutc for %Uv tTidoimiviit of parodiiaUrhuoR ** 'iliiifl," 
I — wmym an vxcvlieiit hif^tonjui of Hjc uhun^U m Scotland, 
[ — ■• ibns did Charles I. confer wpnn Srntlnnd two of the 
l^vUwl booutf that kf^tHldtJve vtibitoiii viruhl dwim- : m% 
curing to the cccksiuKticui body a permaiitMit thougli 
fru^l cndovriiimtf nitd providing for thr ^khm- the fncU 
liljr uf aniairin^ a L-beap ni^d pious Ertluoitioti/* * 

From >uch sct'iiee an we have odveit*d to, the exceU 
lent ^Vtiuurch returut?d, wvary and din^i^ited, to fcirgi^t 
his cjticfl in tJtotfc jriouii hnbitx ntid doincatle enjoymonU 
for which iiat\ire h^M) littvd him better than for n throne. 
No tocmier bad l>e r^titnivd Co EnglanrI, however. lUaii 
be H'fl* comtraiiH-d to iT^?<|]Cut<^ u (Tlminai (iroceaut itgiLiiiat 
ft HrolcJi nobletuati. To uKitnlu the comjlry ogajust 
liie King was the gnat objtrt of liothes and his p;trty. 
Tbfl eleniviiUi of rt^volution xv<.Te nbmritni)! jji Scoduiid. 
All sruCocniC}'! turbulent mid dJaloyol by ht?rcdilury 

B>Juy'» iKtvr Id Mr BrAtw, Bonwt'B ftowuu t u| Uiu Liiijiludt af ibv 
Kk|C iBlfca 4l«(iMi 'VIUbw&C uf 1033,1111 wvll lu gf tliu auJrivjun^t g-bL 
of LB*t)tl«taMifo«wl>x»ntndlc(4-4b}-Uiu bvttoDoivmpomrycvliliuiL'fitiiD'l 

lh«J|j^>ni1 athrr-, hnrr fi IrjrTiil JTTtiTh imf IJ-JT rnnliilanri, unij utittiL^od 
Ib As Wwi Blrlvlur^ ii^uOikl C-ftrirli'« in iiuhHiju^'diL'. 'I'liu t juw of 
Ikfffl Vffwil* ollo^ 111 uEir U'\( i> >u up^HjfPilv 1u tlmf mI flm hIxivv bl*- 
■m^i^. tlKf tr« h*r* Oiouifhi U imyfii-r tn tKniiiiiiv nil lUv Dnilioritin 
ift K ■■«■, vhkK b«ln( BDO bug Cot ibU pliwv. will Iw luuuiL ni rhp ooil 

• llfaiBry olthc ChurtlilA flmllAdd &ytlu* Hdv. Mlchiurl Kii»HtL} 
LL D. VfCa 




rigfit, b*il htrtk KArniDTd in tbrir |>cnrvr. A clrrgy. 
bom vi democrmj u>d famtcffm, wen- Ibrrnlciifd 
with the catiartfa a of Uieir rdlr^iifr ■ilifimui^ imd 
the diniBVlM* of AMr pover, nndfr a iMrant liitfimi 
ritjr* Tliu ibrrt w«* no w«ot of m«urUh for 
■Iciiie and leodi^ ittmrtt!ctioB. Bnl Ihr qoebtioii 
ham CO conbine tb«e ioo w w l m dincurd^tit rimicuia' 
mMt and gftftui lly far tbe imfpunHs of a clique. ^y 
Thru- lint Mwqr ra tlie mabdoo* rumour, Umt <«rJ| 
tain otMsum lo tli« Utr PaHuioeDt had only been 
csmvd by bribrry end com^tion on Uv p«rt of 
Km^; Mij'.tbat Mine of ibe nets bail in rraiily not 
srd, thoi^ xhf rlrrk-rrgvlrr, in ffunmiD^ up tbc v 
falsely iMarvd thai Uirj bad. Hits Ewrtimis whlnperi 
bowevefp vaa xnen^ty isteaded ior tbr rul^r, it bviu 
wvll known tbat then* were too many, pn^rnt ia 
Itoment* keenly intctrctcd in Ibc stat« of ihv voti-, an 
actually i^irrlfiD); tlie uo<» both of iht> Ktn^ and 
rlvTk'rrgUfter, lo have r^nilc-ivd hi desperate a derrllj 
practirablr, had the Kiti^ bcrnra|iablcof couccinug il 
Another wbiv^peTi the fndiont^tM bad bttttrr boprw ol 
t»ii*eUjn^ ioto a popular dainour. namely, Ifant ili 
Oimiutaioii of Surrenders waa nothing atte than 
sdiemeof MrAMAopf^forllic M4epiiipomof tbetroi 
Jlggm lid icemen I, and thnttliemtrnlion oflh^Klng Wf 
by a MTMc of Mdi mcAeurrs lo euhvert the " Hi^ligioiL^ 
OBd Ubenio«" of Scotland. How much truth and tin- 
can patrt<itiein b«l<Mig«d lo tbew vivw* of tl»e King'i 
tithe policy, we have notiwd atnady. Dut tbis dirce^ 
tton of the snonn iigainsi thi< ewinly hkrareliy iraa 
n wiuAUT Art of JiuurgeDcyv Scothmd wan »1 
with poor elrrgyinen, wliu^ for tbe inoftC part. UOcouthn 
uDlearned. and uiieulightenetl, and hopeless of becotD* 
ing bisbojM, ye< fell their |KiuJon8, aud their Jimgn, 



droEig enough to afford them a diance, when tlie waters 
wrri! tnMi1>lrd, of emulatJDjf ilie popiilnrity of Juiux. 
Oo the King's arrival in Siolkml, one Mr Tbornaa 
Ho^, A iiiiriisler, liiid Ihvh put tbnvanl in thi- name of 
Uib» cUurdi fuctiiMi. uith a |jftilion, ^iilitJed — '* Gricv- 
ancirs auil pertitioiiii concerning tho disordrrcd e^Ute of 
Uic nrfutfiiKxl kirk witliiii lliii? roalni of Scotl!tn<)>" — 
whicli he jnvscntcd lo the cUrk of ihe artides, ai 
Ualkcilli, bcforu the King hud rearhoO Kdinbiirgh, 
This petttioD involved a complete revLtluUon in the 
cburcb aii<l slate of StMitlfind, nml whs Jikc a shftiJow 
of ihc coming Covenant- Tho firU clause intended 
ihu culiuiuti of fhr bishopH from Parltamcnf, und 
Aimed that very bluw, at oueuf tlio tbreo [-sUitcf6> which 
noi long aAcrwarda took tffcct. The next ch\u«tf assf rt- 
cd the flupnunocy i>f the chnrch »f Sciillnnd ovi^t tbc 
civil lODgiflUatf, in rcgajd to the much cnvic^d bishops, 
ftud this papijstical doeti-iriL', and iier^ecutiag power, 
iru akofiubftr4|Uviitly riulizc<l by the covenanting nst- 
Mnbllea of 1t)3» and 1639. 'J'ht- rcmnindrrul thiH pe- 
tEtion laboured for tJn- Hiibvtrbi'jn of every filing that 
was ftDtJ-dcmocratJcal in the couHtUution of thf^ kirk. 
So pilpable a nnana'uviv uf rhf.* fiuiiotj, the lordn t)f iho 
artick* did uot «v«n con^idtrr wortby of U^ing prLjmr- 
rd fof the ronKiderntian of PnrltJimfiil, and it fell lu the 
^rouid. Tbc vritK of a lawyer u'erc next ect to work, 
and certainly h*' mjinnprd to rai^e a conaidei'abU- flame, 
WilJiaui liiii^p (lie '■ KiiigB Sulicitor."* a lawyer wIuhu 
luck vrae uot so great as Archibald Johutiton'B, though 
h\» pulUicnJ uitentionn wvrc jnnt jm deAurvjjig, — cuu- 
coctcd M " supplication,'* wliicli. Knyx Lon) BaJmerino 
■poll ooili, Haig lohl him, " be bad uiaiie out of some 
eolkfclkma which be had gnlberni upon aome confv- 
reum, which ht* had witb nnmiry ftcrhoux ibe lime of 

* H irl. 





Ibe Pftrliammt." * Thk pndoin rf^ of fintitiioa 
SoUdtor privately rtmvej-ed lo Lord BAlmerino 
iiiciibalion- \nw thb )<inl uib ihp wxi af n tiobi 
ronn wbo hnd pnictU^ Ui« v«fy Mcnr irick 
King Jnmes tliiit Lortl \api«r infonofl tt vafl 
ffd upon Charin, ti^nicly^ thai or rtr^im^ bid 
Uoo to A *tfllc paper, (Mrf Bnlmcrino wm* <lrt*vlc<l, 
tricilt and conil^^miicfl todiis for liiirrc^iltttuunly <ibtiuQ* 
iog Ibe royd biifiiatiire to « letter to th^ Pope. KiDg 
Jftmes luirduncd liim, ami n.'-1«rpd hrs btood, tboti^fb he 
could OQt redwm it Ironi its inlirr^ut vice^ Tb« !fi>it vri 
of Ihc- k^i^nesl nf Ihe caho] ngninsl Chnrli'v I.^ nnd 
tbhi oobWian it was that Hai^ 6rft aubtniltol 
firlietne of a tvrolutioo^ ubieh he enll^d " a fit 3up| 
catiuu lo bir prwiitcd to his M*jt^y.** Lord BiiltnrrinG^ 
as apprarv from Itb own depositions^ immnliatcly 
rird Ft to Lord Rolhes, and furllicr " drclnn-s thiit 
Ear) of ItotheA, uud the deponer, bflLving rmd the »uj 
pUcation, ibouglii it no wtt^s fit to br itrvwotrd t(> hh 
Majesty, but to be ab\oluUiy ituppresaed" It in not 
■urpnifiiii^ thftl eivu tijcir H!V(Mjtny, who nt the 
vrry time were forcing ihi'mwl ves upon the Kbig 
111 bis progre^Aes, iras tui«<|iuil to the la^k of pr«* 
ttenttrig this pirtitian ; for n more purely fnsiiltlni; 
doeuinc-iit, if ofl^ered to th^ King, and, if eJreulated 
among the pt*op?<r, a more insMiouftlyseditioit-i one, could 
not have been frainvd. ft (r-i^eiii hy urcuunf? (tit- Kii^ 
ofnsserling in the recent ParlJamcnl. " a ««tc1 po«r«- 
to inilovute Ibr order nnd pjvcrumrnt long rontiniird 
in the rcformcil church of Scotl.ind/' — it r^-ferred lo the 
fcnijwTi wish of (.'hartcs to have a Httirgy prop«re<l for 

■ ,■* ^cv^ Lunf biiluirrino'ft ilviwvlUom la The rv«brd ul liui titale TtidL 



Scoduwt. as ** njponn of nnowmicv given in KiLglnn<I 

fur imnlinir hoola <^ poperyt'—\l preHiiuiLfl to *■ sU3- 

pfTt n «narc In tbv mi btk* junction" oF iKe act of churdi* 

in^fs oppiirel wijh Ihnt. of Ihe j^rero^'nliv*-,— to rnll it 

a Hopbistic&l axtifici-/' nnd 1o iitid, most insultingly, 

which bicsffiMJ King Jami^H woulil riovL-r hav<? cou> 

fotmdcd," — it coiiipliiint^d of tlie suiifinrtMuii <jf Uie mip 

nlilciy ffn'cTflJiorj,— aiKl> linnlly, tiR- whole drift, oiid 

IBajHit jiurpoMs of ihin \i^%\iU*j\i M\ of ^udi iinjK'rli- 

rkft miired up wilh llit* most contradictory cxprpft- 

uf luyalty uud humility, uiituuniud (o thiq, tlutt 

Charks «l]ould give up tbc ('■tabiiwhcd Churihi lo Uu* 

nii^anrr itiulel of n Sotttth fr^rtitm Ihimiing for dcmo- 

cntlc powvr. Tliie ingeuioufi «oheiue, i-uococtL-d by n 

■ingle l«vf«r oot of aoine cortfireace^ he hud bold with 

Jtmcfr^ of n diMippuinli-d ntiimrity in Pnrli^iuunt, u'ah 

tfiililltti " Tbr htimbic supplication of ii gveat number 

^bf ti>o nobility nnd olhi-r coiumiAsioner^ in tfu^lat^ Par* 

^lUiDeiL** The rvol intemion ne^vr could have heen 

Co prv<enl thin to hiw Majesty, — ui leust wrlli juiyothcr 

new than Uuit of iimuhiii^' and rnnigjug him. Il muAt 

bare hwti conceived with Iho coi-frt view of agilatjug 

BcoUand agtthiht thi- Kin^- It was lo pana for the 

•i^prmed voice* of a loyflt but aubjuj^fited peuplv, 

mgtdnut « tymijuicnl inomtrch und p:ipi-itieul di^r^y ; 

^hiMl if the DiiniFters joined he.^rlily in the scheme, the 

^bittoD, It was AireieeD, would he rcvohitionized from 

'ike ptlJpitv. In short, this iobidiou^ p^per involved 

flDt of tlic mott dangeroua iiutances, of the ^^tntut^ry 

mme of Irjwing-mnking. tlint could well he imnglped. 

H£v¥n Roth«« aud Balmerino thought it should be " ab- 

^'•oJttlely siippresl." Vet their condueL hod bi*en ujohI 

llicoaiiM«nt with thiti decUratioii. El^i^ hni] ^Hveti two 

eopks t4> Balmerino, wh<i eonfe^nul thnt he caused /^h 




sftan cujiy ouc of them lor liiin, and ibat he rHurned Uie 
*\vah Ui lU notnblr coiLtriv<?r. TIjc otiit-r ccjpy BuJiiit^ 
rino delivered lo Kotbcs, wbo, " jiwom iip<m IiIk gn-ai 
uQlb," derluri'd lie rend jmrl of it, whuu goiiJg wjtfi tl^v 
Earl ot' Cusviln auU Lord V«8ter (diBsenting Lords) in 
L-oach (o the King at Dulkeitli, und that, " Hndiiig it of 
jruck a itirairiy and baviiij^ (old tlicni thul his Majest/ 
hack ^ven him an exprn^ cQtnnmnd ti> suppress nil that 
was of thai tiuture, the deponer ajid they^ a// in tmt 
tpk^t thought it tthonid be snpftrfMcd ; aiid tlie de*' 
poncr liid pot it in his jM>cket." Tfuit same day, thai 
KiiiK hdviug taxied Rothes at Dalkeith witli certain 
information laid against liim, "be purged himself rJearv 
ly to bis Majetiiy," tnkJiig grent i'JT?dit to bioih«lf witU 
thv King " for suppressing all petitions of the nature 
of lliut wbieh wjja iiji>vcd in the lime ot Uie PuHitu^ 
meDti" aud (hen, with ludicrous efTroDtcry, added,^ 
that he had one of tbe&e suppre^ed |tetitiona iu liis 
puekct, '' if yi>ur Majesty be pleated io look upon it,' 
'I'bo King replied, " Jt is no tnntler, 1 have no Idsuri 
I am going to the park,'^ where, of course, t hie perttni 
dows factioni^t pursued the unfortunate monarch vitb 
palronixiug lUtentJun^, and jt^^ting eoitvei'vjition. Tb6 
petition remained iu Hothes's pocket for eight days " ni 
h>ok[Hl upon by hhn ;" ljut> most probably, for tlie irt- 
ipecticm of the valet who dugted his clothes. He th< 
" caused eopy ii by bis own sereniit," and tHw 
originnl to Jlnlmeciuo. Vet be swears that 
thought it tit to be supprest," and most earnestly difl- 
daiuks having any couceiii with Mr Williuin Huig, " of 
whom ht' hud ever suspicion, because be hoi eoer Iteen 
hifxy tipuii iuch idie antijholish foyji" 

Babnerino obviously itilendc^d to make some use of 
tbe eo|)y he had relulned, for Jl wars shghtly luleilined 




vritli liiA ovru buiiil, im il' lit- liud U^u i-uUeuvuuriiig lo 
renikr MomeoftbeKiKliUouft matter IrMglnringAmJ tua- 
gibJc. IJiit, whcMiojtrtininniupoii onth " whKhci" Iil' <]fd 
ftUow and spprorc tW i^mc bimsclf in tbe mMter arul 
<»6«< wctf, hr declarofi that he nciiJieraHowt'ihiuraljGwa 
lhd§mmc,mmi^ tU^ilii^rvHhv t:owiemm rJ>t^ game /tofh IN maU 
teram^tjirrm.'' BiH hiiw tmil he- uctc/I? In thcfirHt place, 
be ^vv it to &!r EltibcrL Dulgldhlj, hiji an-n rnnn, uuci 
tfcrircit him to laUc it lo Kdinbur^h, ilhey being in 
ibe eouutry) uiid mpy it for him. Dalf^leUh iliil sn. nud, 
ft* mi^bl he exptcled, niadi; anctlifr co|jy for himself. 
While Im' n-iiN ill tht.' uct uf cu|jyiii|;, vi-ry nppr>rtunely 
" Mr WillLftin Colvillc, minister of tljc parish, came in, 
and rend tbc snine." l*hUM, what Hothcs and Bolmc- 
rinu alU^rly (xjiideiniied, both in lualtei' and f Jrin> and 
lliought sbouJd tic iibiiuluti;!/ auppi^^i, wm, by their 
BifViifl, alrrody in n fair way uf tmcrt-t lirculation 
ihruuf^iout the country. In the next plnt-c, according 
to fUhtieriuu'H own depcirnitioij, " Mr John Uunimiro 
Imviiig givcti to bun tlii? copy of wy Lonl Br^'chJirA 
temioo, |>rcnchc4J at Uis Mtijcsiy'* rar^rtiaiion. and Mr 
Joliu bnv]D|{ 44VR /Ar paper, he gnvi? it hjm lo look up- 
on, but to kwp it lo biiJiHcIf alone, and lo sbuu il to 
no otiicr, tu he resptfcte^i hU Loniahip't credit" Duu- 
nmrr. " tkvply sworn upon bl^ kuer^/' declaimed that h<- 
look it lo Ihi&drc M'itb hin^ fur ihr pnrposr of forming 
bia o*a opinion, irbicb Bftlmcrino >iad requesttd Jrom 
Anoi, UQ the subjcti. Now this Uiinmnre hub Balnit?- 
riooa iitun-of*bubjnru. aud liny of Nauf^btoiir another 
of DaDOiiirv's dinits, coinhig into bin cliambcr in Dnii- 
d^> tlic mniMif-bii^inrxj^ rr-ipK'MtH) bis cliriil lo give 
him iia judgment of the petition, bdog^ wcil ucqumnL 
cd with the* alTairs of the kingdom." Dumnure tlkcn 
give the iMiirr into \\)fi bird of Nauitbtons hnnd, who 



** bv^^ti to read, and boforv hv bad ^Eidn) it, besuitl to 
lh« ilqioiier. ■ Mr Jobn. f iTi1re;it yon heartily tlint I 
may have thiH pu|>er to Nuu^liton, (hat J may rt-ad 
It nnd coii*iH(*r it ftt !miir<?-' " So Ihe doctimcDt. un- 
der nncithor promise of seirchy, wa* f<?lowod (o pragrcflfl 
to N^itighlou^ 8ome (Lme aAerwurds the niAti-of-bua* 
tices wviil t(> hiM t'lierit ni N;iupht{»n, ntid cnm^tiy re- 
qufstvd bim to rc-tnm the paper. ^* who aimvered * tntle. 
iratli\ ye need not bi' w> cuHou&; thert' wsaagmtleman 
ut Ills uwD tiibltf told nie thut thi-rt* wns litivc enpies 
thereof gtiiiig through Fife, And ray Lord Ualmenao 
had given one thereof lo Mr WillSftm Snot, miolh^r to 
Mr AltxauderilruUersuu.audtht' third, the geiiHemuii 
woiM not name.' " It seems thftt the laini of Naitghton 
fonni*(l the very Gurrie (j|nnioii of the jK^titiori thnt 
Badinerloo and Rothes had ; hr thoijg;ht it KhoiiJd ba 
Rh«ohi1t-ly »iipj>ri?iiiHed, nnd lie nete<} consl^eritly with 
thnt oiHiiion* Th<r poiHuu hud circvJatcd. however^ nnd 
there wa* but one wiiy now of eiinntrrtu-ting it» efforts, 
wIiU-Ii was u-hnt Hwy adopted, iianiL^ly, lo carry this 
inferual machine, ^o eitDnin];ly prcpaivd against chi 
uici Htate, ilirecUy lo the Primate of St^llaod. 

Had ihh memorable document been i^imply prec«>nt- 
^ to the Kiug, ov displiiypfl oprnly to rhi* ciniiilry. It 
would have been compjirrtlivdy iDiioiiotie, But lh« 
m)^lcHon« and secret circulation of nneh it t^wlullMi* 
ftry scheme, maturing Ita thi; ilo«el of Balmrriiio. or 
batching in lUv |iockel *if Kotben, nohhmcTi of whom 
the King etitcrtaiiird the '" wontt opinion." rhftmetc* 
rinsl this stuti.' del:n([U^]cy, and thf' deep desl^ of 
■its ronflcious jier]Jetrator», To apprreiatt- tht- eonilltrt 
of Ualiocrino, (who wa^ properly ^deeted aa the exajvi* 
pleou this urrasion,) and ju^^tty to eHtinmlr thi- dangtrr; 
ai^>rcheiid(.-d by ihoee who advi«^ the pro«ccution. we 

SntDS OF Tilt rovi:NA!«T. 


ougtit iiovrr to ]o«c sigbt oT ilic staff of tbe titnc«, or of 
ttu- fuid tUat ttecrrt vombJnatioiifi were thi^n rifi^ aiiiE 
were wc-11 ktiown to Tw tht' means constantly tniploy- 
t«l by iiucli iutrigucrii. whether tUe object \Vf\H toncl- 
vaDce Mxnc potty intorvsts by the ruin of an itLciividitaV, 
or Ui^Mrlfisli defii^nis of a polkioal di(|ue by the niinof 
Uie Ktat« ; — vtt muatkcvp in miiiiJ, (tonTUr lo the ex- 
|m4(£ioatt«f LtiH Xnpicr,) '* thr im<|»ity of tbost? titn*'9, 
uhich, for bnbrry, co[iciisbion of th^ |wo[jk% itiu] abin^ 
Ing o^ Ibc Kli)^. 110 ajife can parallel," and whicb were 
IjuuhImJ hy ihtf " c^vil npirit^ who walk bvtu'ixt ti King 
RDd hia |>«opl^/' 

Chirlea, Cbm, wnn ndvi^ed, lo moke an exan)pl« of 
Balaivrini>» tbt* factioub and ungrateful, t^ou of n tmito- 
To*iJ" father, — an ailvitv fully jii^tifirrt by the- roxiiUa 
of tbf cxritoiiLtrnt at Ui%t triuirjpbantly I'tfrrliil hy 
the tvry siiaie party, wfiosi* Covrnaul swept all before 
It, iocludinp ihi.- I'hrone- baJmerino reevJvetJ ^very 
advniit4igc that i<quity cuuM U«nimi<J, liv was reiNiU 
l«<d lo a Jnry o^ liis ou'd ronntryim^nT in hc^ trJeH in his 
Dvrii «Hiiitry. on ihv ^^tntules agnin»t k-asiu^-iuiilciiig^ 
J( wraM ever the demand of thr fn<tions iu SootiantI, 
tbejr tju^ni ie*^ nliuuld be sent hotne Iu liedeult with ; 
'tod it ua* a fricjici uud li^ader of fnclioii that now 
acqubwl wtiAt tij Iiini wjif^ un advuntuj^-, and vvvy 
iiv^rly tf4uiv4ik-nt to an acqaittaJ^ lie wa» indicted by 
tiir Tbomafi H;>pi', hnd tht^ libt-l pre«eMt« a cunotia cx>ii* 
trvst to the opinion deh»"*red a ftw year* al^erwurda 
by that diHtia^iiiicd ir^gul adriM^r of tli4' Crowiittfiiit 
^ CoTeDaut, (of wJuch the Uatnicrijao pvCiUou w-«b but 
a ty|w Of pretiminar}'*) with all Tt>t niadiiiiL'ry of nirdi- 
tjoit, vrva a Iv^l and eotuititiiliuaul uct< Tbe Haline* 
riuo pctitioui bou'cver, th)« indictfiicnt rluLrud^risea, in 


thi? tiarric uf Uit? King, as ^'a most scnmlalous, rcpruoidi- 
fiil, Qdt0Ui6> infsmous, auU ai-ditmiig Jjbel ;" — «peAks of 
the " nirious and furious brain ivf thr ^iisfd rhA un* 
happy libtflkr." who. it adds, " nol cTcmti^nt with tbew 
reproacbeSt most yillftitQUBly nnd despitt-ftUly belcbt 
■nd rtunited forth againat oiir tincrcd pvrstm, ]>roCt^tf«la 
to a moAt fearful anil dnngL-rnus imdcnQining of oiir 
biiJinuTr credit, aiid grentett lm|>pi[Le8s mnfliniiiiigtiuit 
ther^ h now h general ftrar »f some inuovaUon Intend- 
ed til t^Kseiitial points of rDligion; albeiu bleaaed be 
God, it be certainly known to all our gtiod »ubj^cta 
that wi* arc, and in ull our octlngs UnVf sliou'ii ourwlviti 
to be, a most devout and rtiligiDua pi-mo;, bating and 
abhorring, in licart nnd oflVctioo. all papistical &uper- 
Hltliuu and idolatry/* Strmip^e lo saj% the Lord Ad- 
vocate, wrho did his duty <:oh amore U£>on thj« occaaJoiiri| 
was The same who, about two years aAcrwards, so 
effectually^ ihotigb aecretly, aid^^ oud aht^ttcd the nioj»t 
teditions plot (being the jtamc pfot^ ntid the 9amc 
actons) that ever brought a couLtry lo diingracv and 
mill. -Every art of sedition was e-jterted lo luro the 
tfiat of Balrn<?riuoiutu the triumph ofdeimxracy. The 
peo(de were excited into a Btute of freuzy, and the )iv» 
of the jvidgesnnd the jury were tbrcolened, if they ahoiJd. 
dare to cuudtfiuii the u4:cuBed. It was faJaely aHberted 
agaiiiat the King and hitf advisers, that the aobleioen 
and gcnlleiin-'u coinpij&ing the assise hud bpon st^crotly 
iutlueDced, and pack«4l for tliepur|>o&c of securing a con- 
viction. Braides all this tremendousmachincry of fac- 
tion t» overawe the procei*ding^, HaJnieriiio was dv* 
f^udtd by the whole >.trengib of Hie bar. and the rele- 
vtincy was allocked by vohnnes of t-lulwriiU^ and iiilrj- 
cuteargiuueutafrom (he civil law, enough tohavc turned 

SEEDS Oy mK C07E!r;«KT. 109 

llMteiiiDs of th« jurjr. Sir Thomas Hope, Vfiih biu dis- 
tingnlilied powers dcArrtl Ri^^y every rioud Ibat tlic 
bir ouold niwc- from tlit; dusi of llie civjiiuns, ^iiid iJis- 
playcd Um* utatutcH of k^aHiri^-mjikiiig bL-nrJng irrcsist* 
ibiy upou Lbr tiol>Jt'T[inri l*c bad iudtcted. Accordiof^ 
toBi^lOp Burnet, (whose genc-ral nccotint of lUis trinl 
wv ihsD elficwben? nhow to hr inaltctuiiFi attd imirue,) a 
renr exlmordiuury Hctfni' occurred wbeu the jury wore 
drtibrrfl ling upon thdr vt-i'dicl. (itinltmof Hiicky,Bnian 
bradvRiced in lire,ii'bofurty-tbrvcyeni>bvforcbadbtftij 
CDOCcrotd En Ibe foul murder of the Earl of ^liirruy, 
"spokefir^of aU»c-M'UBiit»};bji^pivhuiiiplJiHt in fH.-irtgtht* 
fint (bAt broke the BilenM; ht de«ircd they would all mn- 
ndilerwhiii iboy wc-rcnbout; it WiisnmaUerof ^foor/, und 
tli«^y would fifcl tbe wdgbt of tbat an loii^ uh tbi-y Hv- 
td : be bad in his youth ht^eu drawn in to aUed bloo<l, 
for ivkich h« bud thi? Kirig*^ parduu, but it euNt film 
motr to obtain God* pnnbm ; il bad givcrn him niaay 
0ocrowfal hours brrib dny ni^d night ; awl ns ho npukc 
tlm the tcan ran uver bis face ; this struck u daniji on 
lO ; but tbe KnrI of 'JVitf^uutr took up th<' argimtvnt," 
lee. Now Tnuiuair uua uot n murderer. UjVou Ida 
mind tbon was no sueb awful w*'tghi of rocvllt^ctiiitia, 
at)d bU li«ad wm o* di'ur a8 hh eoiisois-nce. Tbe dri- 
wUiiig of a FU]>irriuuuiated iiuirdejyr, — fur what oJae 
vroA ihls, — made no iinpreuiini to tla- vtlcd, at least, 
of coavindng Trai^uair that a coDScienlJoiis df_Hi.'bar^ 
of tbcir duty as jurymen, even though tlie resuJt wore 
tbr dmtb of HjilTn(.-ririo. would lay ibc ttelf-jmrite bnrdou 
upon all tbeir conKicnceJ^ as that which, for half a een> 
ttuy. l>ad didturiwHl thr n'pnsr of (inrdmi irf Bnrky, As 
forcaun of tbe jiiry» be eaJmly rocJilled iboir attention 
to th^Jitci upou which they bad to pronounce yea or 
nay, ami the venlict wuh aguiusi IkiLinoriiio by, it i» wifd. 




only a miijority of unu. That nt^Lfk-iiiEin hzul \jwn ti 
dieted lut '* airt aud part of (h«pcunirig And forming ot 
the ^a id infflinouA libfT, ar the Icsst ronoc&lcr mid Dot 
rtivciLloE' tljt'rotjf;" aImi, " of tbe dibpersiiiij; aiid divul^- 
blf of the naicl inrnmouK libd i" also, " of the nut Jip<> 
jprebeikJing of Mr VVjIliuiii Elqjg, H'lmiii he nllirnml to 
be the author*" Thv vei'dict was far more restrklecl 
thnii what tiif proof tni^'hl have aiiataiiK'i), and it 
littlv jmtifLC!d ibc ucciuizUion a^uiuat the jury of beiu;; 
gubservlrnt nnd ri^nnl, Thc-y unly found him f[ui\iy 
" of Ute huarii;f> of the said infamou« lilwl, concealing 
atid not revealing of the snid Mr William Haig, af* 
tiriiied by hiin to bt* ttte author thereof." Th^ Lord 
Ju!itice<G?n<!nd (Errol) dechired, " that the HUid John 
Lord ItiiliTic'Hno linK IhiTe-thrfrngEi iijciirrnt the paia 
of death contained iu the acte of i'arhament; fsufr* 
pending always the execution thereof, iintit the time bti 
Majchly'i will and plenxui'c Ifcnhown aiiUdecbrrdthcrc' 
Auciit; to whow Vtftcrcd Mnji^nty the ninntior, time, find 
pla(v of Uht execiitioit tA^ th<' Mtid seutv-nce i« rtMDittCfd/ 
To ovenwa the justice of the King, or to rob him of | 
tbe atlribiile uf bin mercy. th<^ HehM'IeHH uiiih hati lie<Ml 
aKltati.'d ihiim^diout to a jnteb of uudiicity, thut now 
throntened the lin^M both of the judges and the jury. 
But the deatrtr of ClmHee, at iiu time, was Iht- death of! 
a human t>eing. Into ihi* prtaent proMrcutiop hi« 
long-ffurfrrunei.' hnd liern finnii by ti^r pi>litienJ iiiJqiiU 
ty of Scotland, and the bolection niado was iudieutivd 
of a lofty aenae of juaiice, but at the «ame time aa 
cuttmiie uioiierntion iit the lieHiri- uf e.vanipk-^- Had ha 
betn the King to carry that example to extremity* — tb« 
Jiutlcv of U'hidi inUHt h^ve been achimxvJe<l;-ed by eivi- 
Jiet^d £uroj>e, — it could not hui'c bevu his fate to liavu 
tiecn led (u the block by hi:* oiaq vubreetii* wlic uviirp* 

SEEDS or T1IK CO^'EfTANT. l'l|l 

td tb# •woril of JHslicc-4 nnd drov« invrcy uway. The 
i4Alui«e of lo«sIi]g*in filling h^vc boon soitK-tinic* tndig- 
iMtnUy conulvuiiral ua iiLHlruuieulB of (J|]]l^^^^ion nxid 
cnidty. They proi-cd lo he »ti, not in idc liaudA of 
Clurin, biit in ihv h.iiJ<fs of Ihu 0:ii'i?iiai]ii.>-rs. A itia- 
liaKuiAlwid modef n coromeDtator od criuimul law, * bs# 
mon neckljr out! jiulifioiisly iTiliciMril the «rvmd en* 
•CttilMlto OgAilHit Unftjn^-iiiakrnit " B eUs» of ofR^iiderfl, 
(be wys) v^f^' fil, indeed, lo tw shnrply rtpix^ved, but 
too rifTucimsiy dnnH with* iu beii^^ i^xpumrij tn thrjmin 
of deatli, cTi:o if Uic IcgiaUture bad nnployciJ inor«- pre* 
ehe Umoat hi dt*%i-rih\ng thojr ulfriKr." None of the^ 
vtatulcfi IimI paH«d jii tbe m^ of Charles. Thrmcii^ 
rvwnt and ^vere.-^forblddiug aoy one, *' pubhckly 
ID decUrr, or [irivnU-ty lu ^tvnk or write*, nny pnrposo 
of rv|tfOflch or ^^laiid^r of hiM Mnjcsty'ii |jcj>u]i, L'^l^.tc% 
w fcuverumeiJt. or to deprave lils laws ami atu of P«- 
ItaiDCDt, or loiiacoDfEtnje ItiK procoodiii^, whrrrby any 
tnklikinff tony he moved T>cCvnit bis highne«» ji[id liij< 
nubdjly and loWng Mibjecta, in lime t^oiiiirff^, undirthe 
{■IP of destbr — liad been pauued, ax u ni.titcr of nbao- 
lute iKcc<«ty. m tht- yi-or 1585. " to rrprcfis ihe iiitetii* 
peraace oS t/rtr r/i>r/;y of \hime iUnv^, who had indul^'d 
m vloteut Mrcaam uud invtHrtive a|^;uiit tlK- Kin^, wttb 
rvlalwn to IiIk lawn for tTicg(iiTniirir-nli>f thi- diiirrh;'^ 
utd ia 1594, it nu found ii<-ccf«njy to ratify 1\kw 
M€iM, uid to eiteud (he WUc pnJns ngaJii&t the JTiaidimiji, 
frniaentJy tbv inorv fn^ilty, prumuU?ni of ?im'h rrvolii. 
lottary crimes, namely, ihoae keariti^ and not rt-irn/' 
tbem. Uid thr trign of (Iharlcv nflord fcwt^r In* 
<if lliL- iiroprieCy of thcao ponal stat\itr^ or protv 
it Wfifl poouiblv efl«etUATIy lo legislntt* in rrioiv pn- 
rbe Uxma agaioat tlje pens, and the tongues '^d the 

« Ibnn llumv. 


11 « 


tuiminj^nf democracy? IfCbtfrlcH Ji^id been the Kln^lo 
rinirn the hrwlof the jtiatlyi-nndomntnl H4li)ii.-nnn, the 
menaceH of u ftiL'tiou would have been powrrlcss AgaJnat 
bis jUMiice, ikur t'uuld hu Hterrtarid (irtv^ntiihed a dis|>06i* 
XUni ever Jinvu been t-omiJclltHl, by llial ver^ fnctioo. to 
*ign the dcRtb wnrrnnl of his greatest stotesrnun. But 
h<? cxcrcist-d llie mercy so hoiioiJraWe to U'\s naliirp, — 
mercy wbJcb Jialmerino hini^'^lf. amcuf; others, woiUd 
not mffer tlie King ttt extend to Strafford. From hia 
Miy«5ty'soWH accoimt wesbuJl nowquole ilic result cf 
Bfllmerfno's irioi. '* NotwithHrandrng the bond of (his 
fiiTiiily. ivbicb wuHfirbt ruined by our lutber^aud tbetk be* 
iiig fulleu* yd rained by hhii agaiiu mid now rebp^, 
mit inuv a^niii hriiii^fil iind^^ our axe, ua it bud Item 
before broupbt under the axe of our royal father, we, 
desirous to shew oTirecIf the true heir of none of our 
biewtnl fatlier's virtues more thau of bie mercy and cle- 
mency, were eontented. upon his deep protestations of 
loyalty for tlic time to come, tn gnmt hiin iinder our 
gnat fical for that our kliii^dom, not only a pardon of 
that erlme of wbkb be stuod eonvkteil, but alsu bi» 
liberty and eular^mtut ; wbich graeious pardou of 
our«, when if wns delivered to htm by oiir eouiieil who 
aeut for bijn, \\vUig iht-n pri>*oner in the Castle of Kdio* 
burgh, he did befon; thnt l^ible receive cm hi* ktice«, 
with the highest magnifying of mir mt^Tcy^ with tbo 
humbk'st ackuowledgniente of those inrmiteobli^^ations* 
by which he nnd hie family stood for ever engaged lit 
the aierviue of um and our erown, willi the deepest pro- 
testations fif ail loynl, quiet, and peaeeable deportmi^t 
of hImsHf <»vcn hercnfter, and nf ht.'ndin^' all his endea- 
vours to attend upon all our loyal courses aud coot- 
nmudmenl--^. so that our eonuril renionMtrnleduulo ustbat 


there could not be the least suspidon of his averBeneas 
fnHn our service at any time hereafter, but of vrbom 
they might safely promise all forwardness and alacrity 
in aU our just courses, whenBoever it should please us 
to use him- And now this same pardoned Lord Bal- 
merino, being one of the chief contrivers and most ma- 
licious prosecutors of this wicked Covenantmade against 
us and our authority, how he can be able to answer it 
to God, UB, and our crown, his own conscience, or to the 
world, even in the point of honour and reputation, it 
must be left to the world to judge." 

The faistory of " this wicked Covenant,"— and if law- 
less designs, and cruel deeds, perpetrated under a false 
though spedous exterior of religion and patriotism, be 
sins, the Covenant was indeed very wicked, — we shall 
have to trace in recording the life and death of 






HorrriwHi— nv rm.t — « ah i ltow— *»»TUfc 

Montrose wusnot mure than rmirteen years of Hj 
wiicn bis fatl»er, John ihirti Earl oF Mmilroae. tllod ui 
expected ly upon Llt^ 3 Hli of November 1626. • It muil 
hnvf bct-n from Ibis dale to the time of his first gtiinj 
£ibrofiiU uIhjuI iht L'anirii('m!c»n:?:»lurthttyeiir 16^^, thnt 
ibc youu^ Earl found in Lonl Niipicr '* a. inosi tender 
fulht'r ;""t <Ukd« if we ?nuy jmlgf fi'oin the iiitdJecttuil iic- 
conipli^hmeikt^ whieh not vveii hif^frloriiiydtetiny could 
allogotber stijipn-ss or cwiceal, and of n-hich we sball be 
able to afTord priJi'fs hitherto uiiTtoLteed, llien^ can be uo 
dotibi tlmt the greatest p£iiu« bad bcon beslowd upon 
bfs eduealion. It is said thai, beinj; an only son, he wak 
advised to marry iii fi very early jwriod of bis IJfi.', aiid 
thfit be did so iit nppareni from the friet of bis eUt"<l soa 
beiii^ fJiKtei'D yenrs old, when, to lb« great griuf of Mon- 
trose, be dit?d ui Goi-dou Caalle early iu 1645. J Tbc iady 
wbtmi Moatr(?r<<' mnrrierl wns Mugdrilene, a daLigbltr of 

* Wv utir iti\A \ty Dr Wla^inrc tlmi MnnEroup wits in Uia tUirty-foiiHli 
ywr whu" }ic quilted Scoibnd far N4iTway. In the mouth of ^ci'icmlti-r 
ISWl ami frum ntli^r fncpivMiinnfi Iti Ihv huiu' wifWU would appi^ifilkbt 
hff WW bnrn ■bnnt. tht clow nf litWj lu tht 4^mmiMiCL-mi>nt af tiir £il- 

t "ilhMiiroh JC16. Yofat^howMoQlr4?i«iivini"tritliuB<TkM"'<^v<<^^ 

]«ii^, u iTr'i^i^r yniil}!, fehitr^t I'' ftiirii iklrt, nn^l iif ^io^iilut ■'X|KM.iiiFiiia, 
Hii tnkin ii'iknons "^'"^ ^^ ^1^^ I^"K ^n a few ilnj'fK, uiiil i- Imn-it iu Ibfl 
kirk ai DellK Vu ht» /alhirii* ((lyt ||T?ir,"— ^^fr/iJfjT. 




LunlCamegycif K^riJiaij^turterhtunU first Rrir] of Sniitb- 
ak, Crawford, tlic jKcvage writer, (wlio obtained mate' 
rinK for hi» aciHninc »] ihr tit](\ fntm tho MonlroRf fnmi- 
}y, before tbp year 171 4.) ifUs we thai ibia early inama^ 
inUTTUiitec] Montro&t « siudks but lliut uflerwfirds he 
bad good nmtetiK At boiuv, and applied himst'lf uitli 
TOcfa nuvnoi, " that in ft v<'r>' little time he became not 
mc-reJy a |^rc-At moAtei^ bill a critic in the Grerk nnd 
LfttiD*" CvrtAiiUy he iijid beca a diligent student at 
ftmte prriixl of liJK lifr, nnd wberi we cotiaidcrhow soOD 
b« eptrrrd thwc stormy scenett that luA Liin but httli* 
opportunity for such attaiumiTitft, we njuai hv »ut]K^«<I 
Uul biH boylKiml u-nn nnt itpt'iit m idlpoess. 

TofinjfU tile ediicttlon soweUconkiiteuced. MujiiniMe 
proceeded to ilie continent, where ho rcjnained oitly for 
a few ycsn. A cniiivm]Htriiry writer, — Mhostr nntTK- lins 
not C04D0 dowo, but who »nyit of himself, that he fol- 
lowed Moiitroee in Beveral of Imh exiK'ditinns,* — give» 
tliU aceoutjt of bm travt?!-.. " lu his youjiger days h<! 
tnrrl]«d Fmncr And ftftly, where he made it \\in work 
to pick up the f)c«t of their qimlitieft necessnry for a 
perwm of honour llaviiifj rendered himself perfect in 
tbeamdemtrr, hin next driijflit whh to iiijf>rove his in- 
tellcrlUBls, whicli he did by allottiog u ]>i-oiH)rtionuble 
lime 10 reaflin)^ and onver^ing with h^urned rneo, yet 
»UI1 Hti tliiil be iiAcd hJH exereise a^ bemi^bt out ft>r|>el 
it Ho stiadM ftK much of the ifiaibematk'H ;i^ is re* 
quired for a Mdit^T, bin bii^ f^'^t Muiitf u^m /n nmti 
imen, and the rtctroiis *>fffffftf meu^ Thus be s}}ent fkree 
t^rs Ui KraiM* aii<l Italy, and bad eurreyed the rari^ 
lies of the en^t, if bit domeHtie ulfuirs hud nut oliJi^^d 

• "A RflMiiMi flftlip Tru*i Fimwhili'ufiln'itTL'iiiLonl >lirijijL>ol Muri^ 
DW Ih ihr jwt iwl," |.rintwJjfr«ni tliu f)n(ciiipi iiiuim»crli>t, ifl llujft|b 




hi% return Uoino, wliidi chnncciJ al that timf the lal« 
Kcbcllinii bcgaik to pMp out." This h a luore ptediaiag 
l>^c(urL-, uf the iiiuiJiicr In w^liich Moutnj^ wu» uccupj* 
td when nbrund, timn irc obtnftt IVam Hifiliop Humct, 
who r<irri>lmntti.% how ovi-r, tli<? iicvoLiiit botli of our lit 
ro's knrnini^ mid his travels. He 9^yt tbftt ihe Earl 
Montrosi* h^h " n ytiuiiff ninu uH) k^rntnl, who bml tn 
vcfllcJ, but hud lakt^i iipi>ii bini the purt of a Jirrti ti) 
much, anH lived as jn a rom.nucr^ for h'n who)^ martneJ 
wttH stately to »iri<(-ititLUu '* Ah this porlmiu hutr< 
O'er, iDiglii convey a more favourable opiuion tban ihi 
inuliirifnEs iSi^hop inlirndH. Uv qualific-^ if. by ihc iiifni 
mation, that, " wheti Monlrosc wh« beyond sea Iw Ira 
vHkvl with the Karl of Denbigh, andcbcy coufiniUtHlftll 
tlltr untrolu^rx they roulU ht^ur of ; I pbiiity t^nw lli«^ 
Earl i>{ Denbigh relied on what liod been told him tofl 
hU dying day, «nd tho rather bi*ennwi the KnrI of Moai- 
troae nos prcniiW a glorious fcrtune for nunie tirne^ 
but nil wfts ti> be uvcrthrtm-n in cutitluaion/' TIk mU 
\<^r<\ Accunioy i}f thj)^ jifcdivtion if iiol EhuI cvjdvnco 
thAt it ntvTT occurred, mnd tbrrr- h probably mow of 
tDoJldon^ iSi'triiollon in the spirit wilu wliidi Hunit-t 
retaila il. lliau jiii[R-Milioua rvliauct? on the truth cif bU 
(iiLt!t:dotr. Thc^ ditticnlly of discuvcring tiny promincnl 
vice* in the character of Montrose baa itudentl his 
political eriemieft, of oil tra^, vaguely cxtr^kva^ntit iu 
ttitirtt^rruHofubuctCkUndHuinL-whal |iuoril<*iM tlii-irfiniMr- 
doita^ of dotrsKtion. CouMriou* that the uuprejudiccd 
wonid still >M" npt to ndmjre him np n generous hero^ 
tljou;;hdt'bj|;;ue(l a*' bloody jiim'ilefr^ruud i-M:ormniiuicaU 
td traitor," aucIi writrr:* buve tilbtf^rl^d to Ir.nce bis best 
qimlitik'h from iiapuiv ^ourceH»Bnil tonnnilrilnle ijii-ab- 



liorred tdea of liis beruiiim, by iiiijniting hij£ inoftt bril* 
Uam aitth>ii3t Ui inipuUi-ri derived entiiv-ly from selfi^li- 
MMior MiifcratitLOiii. llut wc shall not pretend to doubt 
tiM AucrUon uf utiolber hi^iturieuJ go«isi]j> that MuiJ- 
tran^s " motlicr GoiiHuheii wjih witches ut hi» birth,"* 
urbrii we romcmbrr tbnl thnl mother was sister to thr 
MCromAtitir Earl of Ctowrir ;i ihong'h ^vt} may be (>er- 
miltcd to Uiffbt what a titid^ by the gam? chruiuder, 
lh«t Mofitrow'H " fijtiier wiiJ to a gentleman who wan 
■Mit to vbit bmi from n ni<i^hboiir Enrl, ibui Ibii' child 
would iroublt^ all K<-j>iliLnrL ; br Jn Nflirl nfgo to bnii? 
floAm a AM(^ mJW^ Ai^ wax a tuckiftf^ chiUi.''\ 

• ficuc of SuCflUirVDi, MS. «» Soforo, ^h &?. 

t Ijdy Mf pffft ttutii^'cn. clili^iT <lntjjfhtiir cif WiUJiim fir«t Tiirl nf 
QD«rnfv<iid wtH^ Jiihn thin) Cjirt,thr hiW' nf El'r'<ioirri4<<nn«[im''y. 

t ((coCiiHWl mutt haw rhrt>ii'n rhk« mud i»r iduiIviii ^ fur rii 4111 uld 
^■rt tu ppmry ftUf-iiftlui Eiumuf Miuy, {i^r lUij IiuihEn ol\^Tr hliu-tU'iiuLd 
nf <k« tt^t^lTV'tloiiff) btm^ h hmlnrlc-^I 4!cifi'i)tii iif tlitir uriFnrti^iuLv 
Hmm, ibv WK uKdofc !■ thu> 1«ld of ibv Hrgftt Afore^ ; '^ Mvrton 
had oadilff nC lilt Cirurto. InbfF li^ft (Ldrvtry ilu-imUuuruiitoi^volnbuIli- 
|[f«a«lw vll uaign piuit lliiTi^ anil hoii' rulititfnyhlj^ Miiinm; Fifrthuy 
«Hdd tmttb^ftt more Airi^ mni> T}ini> \i\itt u; -^n %iii'h Mn 'i*^, vliofrvm 
lit VWJ yimrt* bid b«*n rvnounrvl fpir hii IrrfK-hi^rit. ami uf wtioiiitf hJn 
ffwv iifliT lud m-h C^oil itjtinioii ■■■ M< Vi^ry iulnnn* i fi>r lit n ivrljiiii;? 
dw bU ■Hr*econiiHKfiH'itfk wiltj turn in n if-.iMi^ih u'lii-rv hi>lti[hi'r h'lu, 
■fidi HHB* flial bad omii' 1*/ eithv blin. Ifii4i] in Eulk, Thv cjunu ^i^in'my 
Ahtq Ibfdiild* da tluf K^<«ri0 |[rai«u, muliKrt luntli mifli]iri|[u b]mLi}ii> 
boy aNdi • made vbkb be Hioicbcd up. and liwJ wivri it ulk till ■ Mulir 
4#lkr Itmnaj wbict whon ihiv ^nw, tKi^'c cr^d oui^ iblaUluf; he tbutililu 
bawbavn pobaiw!; amt 'hii- ralcldjr th« li^JOfout nf din tmufr thai 'irhmf 
|«ft ^ f>tt HB^ttVn^ h* fficH mil v> l^i»ti>itiiit thrlLl^ Ihbl hi4|Brhtr nnd 
|ba iflh^ i^oUoiiieDp whu u*f(v iiol Fm, linVLl tJii} otilLj ig*, wliii mat Ut 
what thudld bv iha ishh ; vml w^mtp (liir nmw-iriyvc tvtunivd and 
Iba mtttr m tl lu|'iJii«il. in nil hHj<(p bi< ^.-niur whvra bb ton Wba^ 
^A vttdntWldblg «■ il wwMt« ouitnl itjfvfi iho Iv^^ iJHLwhtcb 
h* fT— JMto *» Q|> <tf*o i irhttlitheliilJii;r aKias "i^i *^'<^ Uv^i^lU rbiffi<i 
Cktr, «r bonlr dii*. ibrrp will orver nnniF jpwnl(* of llwi, A»lip pruu* 
OdalbaUd ao it kipimrd. Mir al\«T, br wvt bchnduJ nt VMlnlmr^^ ai- 
EaiDtoJ^ md found fpiUliif uf hvi^h Ervnauu |d' the tnurtlef M lU* KiiijE 
UaVAkMr." Wbvtbvr, thi> b* ■ ^Li> nrnipLnl InMiTtonaJaf^^tvliaive 
ID iWv vba nuy vrlt^^ hit Life 


uoirnoax. A»t> rm covtyAVTEKS- 

It voald be «fBCtofgT«fttcr mUmttoc«UblMhth«C 
Uontroar, when in Frvocr^ " Uamtnt fw^Kionntrly | 
ftttocbed to tbe bulHary proftwioa. and •ooept«d A 
commiantiaD of cajMiuD oT ihir Kartd Goan) of Louis 
XIJL"^ SevvnJ modem writers have recorded with* , 
out cxprv«*ing aiiyd^jubt &* to thU ifit«r»tii^ drcura-M 
staiHv. Tliat MonU«OT'»mBitck>reofafai*«Bclhrroic^ 
adventure had be«o int stirred by viaAdng the vnu> 
likr tmtkitiM of the conliiM-at* in the ttf;? too 'if Gualavua 
Adolphufr, may readily be believed ; and ibe numly 
MCKMtpdiUimentfi, ni)d inilitory cnparitioE, which rP^d 
soon dbbugtuflbed hiui at borne, indicate that wbcnV^ 
abroad be bad studied to perfect biotielf fur the field. 
But he emiM tiot bf«ve bmi inueb nntrv tli4n twenty- 
two yeara of age wbeo he rrturncd to ScoUiuid, aboi 
tbeeoiDiiteiie>Mnentof lheycArl(>:f6; hewMonlythi 
years abroad, durltig vthich time he wag travelling, aj 
it Aeems that be meant to bare visited the east, had hit 
preavnce not been requirejl in SaUland. Yet somi 
contemporary bifitorians liave even asserted that Mi 
irvse comrfraiitltd ihe ^oitivh Guard id FraiiCL-. 
dersDU, in his Life of Charles I,, (priiiled only eigh 
years af^er tbe death of Afontrose,) speaks of that zio< 
hleinaira ** reHirn froui his travels ia Frarict% where hi 
bod command of the Scots Guard " Heylyn in hi-* cu- 
rious remarks (printed tivo yefirs earlier ihnn Surider- 
»OEk'swork)iipon Hammond L'E«lrangc*s History of the 
RcigE of Charles J., nlso rt'cnids Montro^*s ''return 
ftom the court of Frauce, wlietL' he was captaiu, a* / 
take if, of the Scottiiih Guard." The command alluded 
to must have bcvii of that illtistrimis body, no faniouM 
in tbu! romuTK'e of history, sometimes called the Coon- 

■ TiiHlK*. ll'UncH, n.\to, rcn^rdi Hit v^mt « h «?rin^n liirt. 


pany of f^uisU ArcJiei^ wb<ue high pridlego it was 
ti> guard the prr-fion of the Kin^ »f FrniK-i-. Armng 
oat of the ihDcieut Itra^u^ tHrtweoii Hcollnnd nnd Prance, 
to pro4««t thdr rL-HjM.H:tive u.-rril(>rieTi from the iirL-UJi- 
ikxiK of Eoglatidp this ct)rpi< uf uUi-tuce, Tri«iiiorabl« hi 
many n bloody field, becnmc the rc-prrHrntJtlivt.- of the 
kiDgdom of ScoIIqikI tii Kmncci whens JTuteed, our im> 
tioa «bo«re4l mere cbivnlroua than at home. Uo&succ, 
in his do(|UeDt funerol uratSon over Hi'iirietta Mnrin, 
jdifutitien (he Archer (ruunl with ScolUiiid, iu a remark, 
thr nrvotiiy of w-hirli is rertaiiily uol Jipplir-ahtc In 
fttoolTOW- The 8cutdi, he aayti, in who>« h^udb the 
fOof of Kugboi] pkciM] hi^iitielC gav^ bJm up to tlie 
P«rtUa»riitariiii]nf nud thus Xhv JitM/'ni fft/aniji r^f uur 
£h»ga hffra^ttt thtir own .' * 

TTin* i* n clreiint&tfince in ihe hSslory of the Seollish 
GiUJii which rnuy ucciiiJiit fur Heylyii's sui^niifie. aud aX 
tke HUTie lime alford the mr>"t probable; theory uf Mon- 
IrvM'ufintiJt^ptvtitrefrf^im j)i8nntiveemJnlry. Bi^ore the 
tineofLouiaXllI.ihe^uaj-d Lad lost much of its Scottish 
CSetuvlveTlfaSi with the t-oiieuiiiitiuithorLuuraridpriviiegea 
Co tbut nution. atjii Kreiidi iiohlemeu aspired to. and ob- 
tBii>e<}t Ihe diilinrlionx that ftill nominnlly belon^M to 
flcolLaod* From >*oniL- origiuol papoi's on tUe isubject 
il appettfv that Jaines VI. was indueed tn ]nter]>nsi^ his 
peiMXiJil deitiaiid to have Uie guard re&tored to ilapriic- 
tJoe glory in France-* or that it Hhould ao longer be 
identified with hi« kiTig<lom, ThiN hnpiK-ned in the 
fmjc% 1611 uid iGl?, when Mary d«Medidfi waa Jle- 
gvnt of France. In l6Si, her son, LoiiIh XIIL np^ 
peon tv buw been very uuiious to derive tliia Aid 

■ * li« BcovdK 1 i|u'U h Joane, Ic Uvrvnt iiu IVtuuiHmbiim 
Aflf ltd*— «l iMfBttiK Rdollta riv nrn ItuLu^ irafalnuJil Iv kiiT."— Ornuvq 



frrmi Scotlnnd upoD its original foQiing. He graui«d 
hia iHiU'iUi (lutnl 19tb Apiril m tJuit >'t<ar»uf the" cuni- 
JHAnil of u i-ampnuy of a huufircil men nt urmt, vnccnt 
by tlu^ ilenllj of iU Tornwr coraiiiaudiir iUts [ate Duke 
Leoiiox," to Gecr^ Lord GonloD. eldest aoD of 
Morquisul' Huully. Tliitk Luni (ionlt>ii wus the iiobli 
niBii to wluim MonlrohVt when lintt in arinn for 
Covtiiaikt, vai opposed in the nortb of ScoUaud, w\ 
WW Huid to hare atterwarda eiittfrfaiijvd a fatal Jealousy 
of Montrose iu iite'ir loyal coix^r, and wIjo fuiatly 
Mifl'^rci death in thf" ^nmr rniiuti, nbout the iwnir tin>c> 
I [ zk|jptfuiti by vanouh letters, frouj ul>out the tlal*- t-f tlii» 
patent to ihv yvac L^37 inclu^ve^ thM the King of 
FnuLco liod liifi^ d<!Nirod tiir pnwnjci? of Lord 
GordoD and bi» compuiiy, whkh ww orgRoixnd in Scot- 
fund. Hitherto it Ua^ boon rt^corded lh«it this Doblo- 
tuiiti ptsaaed over Lu Pfatjui;> witU Uip< bi^jUiaut corl 
in 1624, the dntc of his commissi un. iu yvUich ci 
Morilruflo wnn tou young tn hJivu nrnimpnnird l^iHi 
But ihm b« did itot do so until tbe ycAr l<>:i3 is prov^ 
ed from the utiorof tlm t^orrespundeuo' alluded to,Aiii 
tlie occa&jOR waa aft^r Louis bad leBoived to aid tl 
u]jili-[l priuces uf Germany a|c"ii^( ^^'^ bousL-uf AustriaJ 
A coiitemi*orftry maimscript bisdory of the family of Goi^-J 
don suys^ thai young HujiUy " rondiK^iod wiiJi him fi 
^LXJthiiiil tba bruveat cuiTi|Hiiiy of Svutch gens d'anu«4 
that ever had beeu seen ui France, ail of them geni 
men, iiiu) Ihr^ ItaroaGrny, one of Ihr most Hiiricnt tmnjii 
in Seotland, for tJi«ir lieutenant."* Tbe Mter of Louti 
m wbicli be appoims Lord Gray lo be Lieutenant, li 
conmc^uetire of ilu^ dc-mist? " diijht Sieur fte Gourdon/ 
uprcaeried u'iili iht reel. 

Mnnuhpripr Itinlury c»f Eha Fmnily oi Ontduiu AJviKiaitt" Xifri'4f)|ij 



Tkw$ )ta}i|Nwr« to be d IHIJ 11 clly proved thnt Moin 
UOM bold Deitbfr Uie priricipuJ uur the buburdjiiutc! 
commaDil ofthuHf^ VDvn^ixUaTtm^ nor is tlierc any rwiKon 
to Huppom; Utat be K<rvori at ^1 with tlicin. It wnh nut 
uttlil tlic year 1637 that ihdr disdnguiBlied commander 
aun< ofcr to Scotlmidi Apjiureiitly for ihe [taviHine of re- 
cmitiug it^'f It^^^ • but Ilia fallicr. iLc oJU utid '^oivlyper- 
MmU*d Murquisi, >lyipg ^ilnitit the tim<-. nud liir in«ur- 
nectmi* coiDEnrnciuf? jii i^cotJand, y4>uii^^ Huiitly nevw 
CVtvnwd to Ills rominanO abroad. ' The doubtful r^ 
tBAricofHL'ylyu iiiixy vtry |M»Mljly lmvi?;iriwu i'liuii Kuiiit' 
canAiajon o( Unuify'% early history with thnt of Mon* 
truNt<, [j'pnti n rompnrjflnii of dnt^^, howrver, it »p- 
\rtBn mofiC probable that the two uobkiueii puwej over 
to Franor toijeiher iu I(i33. — at* imertstiug cij-eum- 
Mniicr wlien ut rclWl tiimn Uuir fntiirt' futij^.f The 
Scoitnii Guanl imiticdbtcJy dimingiibhcd itwlf In Lor* 
raiu and Alstice i auil Uie youiL^ Lord Gorthm, wlio ac* 
c0ai]MBied lit» fatbcrt '* wfi±i woundt^d ht the Ilii^h at 
tbcMtomimgof Spirr, valiniitty fi^tliiij^ upon the hreaeh 
of ibe waJl, njlh liiii pike lo hiN hiiitd, m^d iievur gnvu 

■ TW cvHiiiiUB^iiJi T^> JliiniJj, nuil ilioFfwirlk King's r(irrv«paud(>imt 
wllfc Ui^ vhoD ho uldivMc* '4 Mnn-iviir 1^ Mar^uU He Optudon, 
ChfiHiDvds iiiB<Biu|iiifnb d'litimiuu* irarnie* tWMutVftiv pHatvdlfi 
|lM*ppeiidlft to • HlMiiry iff iLtf &ihily uf l^iirUuii, by WUruim OonJoLi 
of aU Al^rdccu- Till.' ^*'o^k li vitroo. un^l aitjiiwii doI Eu Iuvl' bovEj 
DHiaalb*! bfihir vmdiiut wr&tvri wtki> Iidi'l' noilivd inajtirrfwdyiin*! inv' 
cnttMf llunltf'K [^vuiiifc with th'ut mniiuiiiy ia Fcknt-A 

pffltMl' Itvlwhil Jmii'i Bm'! i^r Muii<ri>io» KiTh 4.-uuh*iiI or Iri* lunitot*. 
m4 John EatI of Pcnbv 'Inivrl Ht r.^Utj^Tirnh, -tid OcbiTwr Id^r tn the 
Ldf^ Ijc^BlinofiublBmcaanvDilipta Chirlw I. in H«i>ibiji'] n hUvo- 
iDflifi IB 1^ nwiiidi ulJunu |U3^, iho inun^ of Mimlr'^v J4jpvcn wtlti 

H WBB cwty ill loa^bdi^lbiMnlrrmcHltiitt'iiiitr. iliit hor^ liurdon nvnt 
10 Fnncv « ith hi* amipaiiT' 




ov«r till tlte dty 6urreridi?rod."" Tbis was llw same 
gallaui youth \^ho commanded the kftwin^of tli« loy* 
al unny at tie liiiltic of AJford, iind whoN^ death there 
so «G(l)y clouded tlir i^uoccws of Mt^ntro^. 

The " Ihirly years war," then, wna th<i schtiol of arras 
and it« btfroes the clnvulry, hy whoe^^ fame nt lva»U it| 
wot hi nctunl s<?rvke with them, Montrose fir»t fcJt 
awakened witfLJn him iho lofty aiid warlike lon^ii^ 
wbieh, Buruet tells ua, made Iiirn " take npun him ihe 
part fif a hero ton ranch," though the Bi'ihop will aJIo«r*] 
no pnrrr stoiiree of that deineaiiour than the fact of hav- 
ing lumtpd flslrologcrs with the Earl of DciiWgh- Mor- 
U-otie relurued lu Seotland about the dose of IG35, or 
the commencement of the following year, when be met 
with 11 nreepliun frtmi (Charles L to which ninne hnsh^^ctt 
gent^raliy ascribed the nioat mi^lakeu nlep of our hcro'fi 
Rtibaeijitcnt career. HuF before narrating XhU anecdofe, 
we muKt notice anotlier tioblc;inanf whose character and 
conduct exercised a fatal iofhience in all that beficl tlie 
King, Hvint]y» and Montro^^e. 

The excellent Sir Philip Warwick, speukiag of ibat 
pnulent Marquis of Hamilton who was the minister of I 
King James, adds, " he bad two sons, James and Wil-' 
]Iam» oeitber of them so graceful liersous oa himself, 
and Imlh of some hard visage, the vltlvr of a iirnti-r 
tihayc and graeefuller motion than his brother; ho'v- 
cverj wa»in IIil- prefieiiee-cfi amber at Whit^-hftll, when, 
after hie fntlier & death, he (the elder) returned from his 
trmveU, and waiting on the Kuig from chapel with great 
obflervuiice, and the King using hJm with gn^ut kind-' 
uess, the eyes of the whole Coni't were upon the young' 
man. His hair was shurt, and he wore a little black 

* Uut. of thv I^ODiUy uF OiTttgQ 



cnUolK-Jip, wtiich h-ajk not then usual, aod I womteivU 
■docb thftC all prr^riil, who usually at Court put the 
bei^c character upon a riaiu^ maii^ generally ugrc^cd in 
ibbt, that tbi^ nir of hU cuitiilcnauce had such a di>uil 
on it, that nature mtitdi iit liavi' ifiipri-MiiNi a/ifji/td tn- 
S^mt, which J often rtflectwl ou when hiw futiirc ac- 
liom led him lint tu be auHp^-tt-^d, thrn to Ix' declaimed 
^aitivl. I have l-tlrly vet-ti the iiifmoir8 ofn countryniait 
of li»,* n'bo winrtitcrofn very good pen, and vvhohatL 
npRMut^ Ibi^ grt^at mau Uy a li;;hl whkli few othera, 
Hdier of hb own nation or ours, discovercil him f>y. 
WUliugly I would auUy ut> iriun's fame, e^pecinlly 9ti 
tfBtBtnl a pcreouB, for tu write iuvectiveh in more cri- 
miaal than to err In eulo^ctes. As for myself I waa 
ktiDWo uuto hiai wid L*ver dvilly trented [hy ?] hjm ; 
iMiWrrcr, I mu*t concur in Ihnl general opinion, that 
ofltundly be loved to ^am Jiis point rather hy^omew^r- 
prntint uiiulirt^, thau by a direct pulb, which was 
VGiy contrary t<>lh(* nature of hi^ younger brother |La- 
Dcrirlt) of whom that galinnt, loyal |R'e]', the Karl uf 
UoulroMT. H'a±i wonl to say. tbat evea when thia geutlc- 
man W0tt hia enemy, and in arms again!»t the King, hff 
did U opni-fncrd, and without tlje leagt trcachprt/, <rl- 
lliertohis Majcsty,or any of his ministers, — n chiintc- 
ter worthy uf u gnrat ioaii« though deflecting' from 

A curious glitnpw of Ifamillon has nlrcady been af- 
forded, excitiiig a loiiile from bi« admiring mailer dur- 
ing an aiiffr^' discussion at the councils of ScoiUuid, — 
" My Lord Cbunct^ltur, huw cuti there be such ueglect 
n yon ftpoak ofi since I know ibry hnd almost put my 

■ 8Mu]^ fliini?i's Mt'innjni nf tbc Hiiu-m <rf ]{^]llil^m. 



inntlier Ut tlie burn for forty KhiltJngs Stoik ! whereat 
the KiDg smilvil."* Hia uiotber was lliv uuicd L:idy 
Ann Cunningham, of the ri^'JU roveunntiag breed, 
beinga flniightcr of Uie E;irl of Gletu^aini. ThJ8 Isdy 
WAS the utirivAlled leader oflhefeiunle church-miiiLaot 
In ScotiajuL Her oflu^ra were the NidioluM Halfuurs, 
Euplium HendersoitA, Hcthiu Mid Elpau CniigH. anil 
Other " gorliy mntron^" of llic f ^ovcimnt, lU't vcx^mi 
gunrds were such rMthestooliJrojK'lling Jenny (TLiid4>8, 
And her hght troops, the " iiervtiij;*iii«ids" reci>rd^ ho 
4^ulting[y by Riilx'i-t Halllir fis tbciir&l virtui-K ngninsl 
EpiMxipucy^ T]]eMiti'qui6wasabouttci]y«ai% old^rihan 
Montroet*. and from boyhoml had obtained ttjat asccu* 
dtrncy ovvr llii* ufl'i-rtioiiA and jvidgrneut of (Jhuritw wfaitrh 
enters so di^cply into tlii^ liistory of the timcA. Thvow* 
Irol eicrciseii by ihcniyRterioHs ^'Berpeniini^" nnmlltotL, 
w;iA not Ji-B^ ifcriiidouH Ui the country uud tb« King, 
thiin Knd bi-oii the inlliipenre of Huthinghnin. In Mccrct. 
and uiiiJr, jHTltapAj only con Unnp];! ting pfttyand«eU 
flsb results, bis deceptive and wavering conduct sapped 
tile fu^iidatioim of the ibi^nie itself J^nrnel hu*i nicurt 
artfully hboun;d to piin fur hiin ^(Tvat«r favour witlj 
posterity tluin he deserves, Uut Clarendiui, in a »ingle 
sinitt'nce, ibrowH niore light upon tlie Marquis's charac- 
ter : " Hi* nMiirnl darkness (he says) and feM-rvatJon in 
di»(:ourM[\ made him ht tlmnghl a wiifo nnin^ und hiit 
Itaring been In command under the King of Sweden, and 
bix eoutlnual discotu'se of batdeHaiidrorlificatloiis. nnfide 
him \w thought n ^oldit^r ; und Iroth ilim^ miBtukvs 
wer« llic cause that made him be looked upwn as a worse 
and more dangti'ous man, than, m truth, hrdovrvud to 
U-." He has, indeed, been fiuftpectcd of designs in his 



pobticul Ijlr, probably be^ oud ibv mu^ of bia vice, and 
cmai&l}' ftboT« tliif ffi^it of hiE« [luriii^r, llnrriuloti, 
bovever, Ihruii^hoiit hj»« hiMoty, nppoare lo hnvu form- 
ed pivcurjy thi- tam^ wtinintc. of Ihiw fHVoiirHes hin- 
PfTiijr nnd patriotisni, tbul Sir Plwiip War«'ick had 
ilMko- Vaiidyki' bat bonded hfno down lo poatmty. 
iliegiliHMl ID bright jirmour, Hiid ^nnpin^ \ih bat4/n, n« if 
he lud I«! ihr Anhtr Gu^fd vf France?, and Jtavrd tbe 
Crowii ftt lH>mc. A\a^ hi* uddtd nothing to tbt* Itwfll 
cbivaicy i>rhi» pnitct?ly bouvr, nud when )jr dii^fouriinl 
of biitth'fi, nnd of tiiistovos Adofphns, the chnrnctcrindc 
vrbicb Jlunjrl :jUribut<'rt l« Muiitritor, may be Ju»tly 
tnuuifi-iTed lobb trtiiidicait enemy, a§ being one who took 
npOQ bimm-lf ihe part of b, hrro too mnrM. In oil bis 
urartjkp expcdjltouttr uot very imirieniuK, but inofit un- 
bftj^jiiij- couvpkniou>> be i-xbibi(t.'<] fnilures 9cftrcrly con< 
coiviiblif (ront^idcring thr «H-cn*i(>iiK nnd hin rt-'hiniri^ea) 
\m a oobkniAii who bebftwd with becoming digniiy on 
tbe tnflbU, And touching wluuv pi^rsoiid courage tfao 
■ >TOTfl remark evt-r niodv waH tbot iiltt^rt^ by bib 
loug-tniBtin|f, long-nud'^iig inaater, vf\\vn !io lold tbc 
B«r1 of hawctWk. tbjit br bfli<?v(Hl hha to be on booeel 
nuut but tbAl helhoughtbi^ In-otbcr (the MnrqitU) had 
bve» very ndivc in htK (wr preservfttion.* 

It JH not mn^Hiiing thnt mii? of HamiUou'» divpoai- 
tlons frhouid have felt 8onic nncaidnesi at tbe Idea of a 
rival like the younjf Earl of Mortrosr, rpttiniiny; from 
tbv wnl of war. ns HcyJyn exprtr^-w-i it, " jii the fiowcr 
nnd brarery of bis age/' <>f Monlrwe. loo, wc nrc 00 
fonnoate a* to bav« iraiismiuod lo ux a minute per- 
fonal description. " I >b«l) anjiirtinl yon («aya tbe con- 
l«Dipomry aln^dy i|uotcd) with boib whut 1 know my- 




self, haviu^ fultowetl liiui severftl y^kn in bU expei^i- 
tions, aiiJ whirl I buve leumi?d fVom nthers of gcjvd 
uatHL' rtiirl iT^iJit lie »~jw of ii ieiiiJiIIjj Htaturf. and most 
exquisitely proponioiiwl timhfi, hjK linir of n %Iit i-hesU 
nu(, hiH comj>l(^xiun betwixt pale ^ml niddy, his vye 
intist pcncCrntia^. tlwugh iuclidiug lo gray, hi* now m- 
Ihcr nr|nilinc thnn olhcnvise. As ht was si n> rip of 
hotly niitl liiuU^i so be wna muf^t ugil<-'f ubiUi maJt^him 
excel most of oibere ta thtfse exercises where these twrt 
fire rtHjUirc-tb hi rWing ibt- gn-iil borae, ami iiutkin^ 
Wfte of hi* arms.bc came thoit of none. I utverboflivi 
mud) of bis delight in Enticing, thoiig-h hie cottnti-nunce 
and qDwt bis lioiHiy emlowmwilft were equally fitting 
the (-"oiirt as ibe cftmp."* 

AIoTitrobJt^fi fnthvr hnd boen president of Uieeouncil ; 
liia graiidfaUier higli trpUMirtr, diaiieeUur, and finaUy 
viceroy of Scotland ; his ancestors of royal descent, 
wrn^ distinguished hy every circumstaiiee most likelylo 
recoimiieitd their representulive to the King; nnd bis 
own iKT^onn) accompli^dbmenis were such as to ple^id 
jTft more puu erfulJy in bis fa\'oui\ To ingratkt^.- bim- 
ficJf with such a monarch as Charb-s, could iiul fail itt 
be M ont rust's (i rat dc^irt'on returning from hi^ travels, 
and be was well entitled lo exiR-et to suetrril \ty u<» 

* Dr WiHhBrc do^ciilxis MoDtrruL- In lirallar tcrrnt ; " Ho wu cot 
•rtry tallt dot ntath cxtnii'ifmj; n miilillr ''tiiriin-, Imi nf An i-xi-rfiilinK 
ntfVnif rampOtitiitn ni IwHly. nnH nn Ei>n(rllhl<- ti^r^r'.jotnrd H^(h n d* 
C«]]«il pTDpomnn iiw\ l)iit> tvuriim. Hia luui wiib ur h ^lurk'I'Fatt-EL cu* 
luur, bi» i.''jiU|i]viHiii nun^uiru^ <if h r]*jii:k niiiL niori-iTifc; pny vyvt *itli 
u Iki^l] rt[>*i<i KiiEii^wluki Liki? :}il' unrk^nr bl^n of tlip iniL|;n;iEilniIty of iha 
PonilaO klo^t lie wnn n mcLii of ii viTy |trtnn-|y rturJJijfr nnd ni«"l. 
Uutt uddrvn, which miiflu him b*- tutd !>}' »ll princpn, Jor ihir rnn*t pnr^ 
^vitb th« f^mt-Fvt rnnullBnly. llo tvat a cotiiptr>h- himcnivii, htiiI ^iful ft' 
kjnj^ulnr irtnr^ in ridlni^. Hp m* of h, ift4tiii( tvaoEulw ami uiLilHimfaHl 
iipirii, wliidi buiinn tri nf>|Miir in hiui| to tin* w^ucJvr uiO cxpv^'liilioD of 



more elaborate cui dian .-tpp«aring dX Court. It ift nut 
unlikely in In- Inie, hovmrer, ihnt he had been " advis- 
^ lo make bis wnv by thi* MikiquiH uf HumiUtm." The 
Karl of Dtribigli, wbti, aec»n|ing to Miurict, wn? Mod- 
ifcvrV travclliu|^ coriipuiibn, was Lhe JSIarijuip^'e brother* 
in-Unr, and probAbly riiggv-stcd tbis channel of prvft^r- 
nteul. Tli4-re c-jtii be Mltli' diiubt thut Muuin^ie met 
witli a npuW? fruin tlir^ Kijjk uwing tti the nrt uf the 
fa%'[iiin1^. ihe fjict bciug nlludcd to by various contem* 
parary bi«torlaDFi, Diiiong wltoni \{\:y\y\\, both in bis 
LHW of LjiiuI, and in bis Commentary upon L'E^trurtjfp, 
glnv the? fiilluwinif purtiL'uiar--<, ubith iin? ccnnpkU'Iy 
curruboratcd by the wbulc of IJaniiltonV si^bscqucnt 

" Tbe Tc^»m\ (suys Heylyii) of Jaiiit^n Eiirl of Mi>n* 
Xttrnt adhering lo the Ci>veiiuijtrr», n* In: afteiwarda 
averrtd vnto the fyi"^, wti** brii-Hy this : At his rcttira 
from tbc court of France, ulitro be was captitiu (a« I 
ttke it) of tbc Sfottinb <iii4nl> he bad a niiiid lo put 
liitn^elf inttitbt Kin|7'^M-rvj(v>»iid wan lulvj^ed tumuke 
]]M way by llie Morquift of Hamilton, who* knowing the 
IpUontry of the ntan, nnd fearinjc ii comgietitor iii his 
J|jiL)eM)''s favour, eunnin^^^ly tidd U'lm Ihnl hi.^ wonldilu 
hlin itiy*rrvim but thai the Kingwaig so wholly jfiveri 
up to ibe Kiif lijib« and sudiat'ouutenanced and slighted 
tbe Seottinb iialion> tlmt, were it not for doing good acr- 
ricr for bU country, wbirh the King irttriidE^r to reduce 
to the foriTi <if a province, be could uoL suirer the indig- 
nities wbieb were ]>nl upon him. ThU done he repair* 
ufito tbc Kin^. tell^ bitn uf the Kurra return from 
Frana-, and tit bif |airposc lo attend him at the time 
appotnted, but that be wuh ho [powtrful, m jmpidar, and 
of vurb e^leeTn among the Scoi«, by reawo of an old de- 
arentfrom llie royal family, lb at^ if hr wei-e not nipped 






in Uitf biiiJ« as we ueei) Uj say. he might viidangvr 
Kin^*« Ln1crc--<t!i and itITaira in 8cDtlani]^ Thr KaH 
in^ tiroiigbt umci tht? King, wilb grvut ileinMitdrutiun 
of aUTeciiuu tfn the MnrquU'H pari, fhi; King, wiihout 
tfikin^ any fijeai riutlce of hinit fi^ve him his hand 
kiw» end Ko turned nradv i urllich ttu coiiftniKrcl the 
truth of that fnUv report which Hnmtlton had dc- 
IjvertMl Tu hrm, thai in f^n-nt ili>i|ilt'asinv and disdain he 
tuakept ftw Sc^tJuiid. where hr Pound who knew how 
work 4)n Mich humour* nn fir hrouyht nlouj^ with him 
till, hy aecoiidiitg 1h« information which he had from 
Hamilton, they hud fashionrd him wholly to their will "' 
Th<* disgust which OmrltrH hud coucvir»l nt th« 
RothcK pnrty in Scijtinml, 4nd the cjrcuniHtancrs which 
orTn-&ii>nt?d thnt dJMgusl, hnw. hreii notlcvd fu oiir IntfO* 
ductojy chapter. Mott pi'ohably lljiniiJiou hud taken ^ 
advaiitayre, »f thi^ Kind's dispositloti to evince upon woryifl 
ojij}Qi'tunity A iijuiki'il diM^iiLutriinncc of all who adhc^ 
rd 1o ihnt faction, if* pi^rcuadc Cbarlvs that MontrxiM, 
WHH iv he a k*iid4?r jiriiou^ thufie ivirhulciit nobli't, B« 
thiH an it may. such n ivccpiiou of a young nobk-nuin, 
ns yet only diKtirignishcd for i-vcry per«(>nal attracttODt 
must baiv hivuan i-cniarkikhlL', av Jtv-vmiiiurlifyin^loini 
objcfct^ Sir Philip VVarwick tclU Uh^ that Chnrh-A '^ wit 
any artist or good mwhnnic, trnvirllor, or scholar would 
difcoiirsf frwiy;" uiiil he al&u i-ecurd^ this triiit uf th 
King's nfllrlionai^rthuracter, that •" whenever nny young 
niihkiEiuii. ur gi-ulkirmn id^i^miiity, who wns i^iufp to 
travrl. cjirup to km hh hand, he chtvrfiihy tvuuld girc 

■ Till* !■ rmrii H*}'lyt]*ii Korimrku ujwn L'Ftinngt^ p. >0A. lu lil 
lJfi>«^f LitiLiJ hi- icW^ iht uicic ti->ry, bill ■umlf* the lunulat- of MontFMc'j 
tHiruimLEL4]iLi|{ tin- I'libi'il cif FniiLti,^ |i wH] Uv tihii-nfttl, n* (uiticvd 
our ijiTrtiE^irtury rhn|ft4'r». ihot Ili^ylyn nl^iiiincd Arnne niMeriult laF 
l^kff- of {aivi\ tr-io L'-ti^ Niijiiui. ?«ntlrr»uii uiiil U']iil«']<H.-k hi*Ui vIIlmi 
to tlio ciri:uriift1h(ic.'p iiiirTBlt*'! bi- Hci^'lyn 


KOKTHosE & cDN'jeurr 7Chi arotlic. 


ibcfU Mtoc good counsel leading to moral virtuot «Bpfr- 
dally togoodcoDTeraation, tctlfog Vbeni that if he bennl 
ihty k^t good coinpuiiy abroad, he; should ri^nKnii ji biy 
expect they wo^ild rcuim qimlified to serve him aiid 
thvir munlrjr ivelJ at humi?." Were tt not fur tlie eic> 
pkutttjoa ir'ireu by lley\yu, iFe might aliriaHt HUppt^hrf 
that Clurlcft hnd iio^- dt^tcnained lo selcci his favou- 
ritm hf A nile cuutrary to thcit which hod elevated ViU 
tkn. Tbtf luril viaajre, li;tii.' l>tack caUot-cap, and pu- 
ntraic&U}' cmpt hair of the youug Marvjms nf llnmiK 
Con* hmd found favour iu Ih^ ^<kI^( ^^ Ll>o ^iiif^ ^rhoe« 
own " lortvitjck" became the the iiit of puritanical icur- 
rffit^r. Atid iJirrr \va% mtothcr young uobTeman, g<^nc- 
ndfljr dcKribed 3ft of ini^uii eCatitre, with red hairauil 
iquiDiiug eye*, whom the King had already reg;irded 
aKM< gracifHivly, ndmitlr^d li» hh nnineils, mid Umded 
with favovfv. This was ArdnhaVl Li>M Lorn, after- 
wmnls EbH, and Marquis of Ai^le, — thf eou'ard, /rar 
exetlieHt:^, of hin timeK,<-^nti* who through life, hut ever 
tImditUoco.WftCcliedand followedMont rose with MUkHter 
uddnudly vpeet. Arj*yt« wan the flnake in the j^ruaa 
lo hU »overcign, n* Hamilton wan " the aerpeut in the 
boMOt-'* ]^loncro>r> i^ayH f'hirendoi), " had always ii 
frmt einiUaikODt or rather n great contempt of the Mar- 
(|uij (if ^Vrgyle, (as he wa^ too apt to contemn those he 
did not love,) wh» wmitcid nntliinf; biu houejtty iindvuH^ 
ritg^ lo b« « vtry extrftonfinary mnn. hnving nl) other 
l^ood tai^nts in a very grent degree." The nanie noble 
autiiur lUiMi rcinurkH of these rivals, that " th*^ people 
looked upon them both ui young men of untiiuiced ani< 
bitkNi, ftnd used to say, that they were like ('n^ar and 
Pompey. the ooe would endure no superior, and the 
o4her would lyiw no ei|tLiil. ' I}e Hftx eonfiriiiH the 
fooiparwoD a« rcgardr^ Montncir,-— the parallel lic- 



vOKTaons Aico the covEKAyrctid. 

twixt PiimiN-y aoU Aff^yle would b« more diffLcult to tl 
1u«tmlc. TIic old Karl of Argyle hitd ernbraccd tl 
Roman Caiholir Jhilh, find Ilk? Kiii(?. iirvpr pn|>lmlca1tj 
iiicIiiiiHl, coiumanded hjm to din-st himself uf liiH va»t' 
Ccrritorinl ri^hti^ in fiivourof liig sou. n-wrving onlj* a 
competency for hi" own JitV-. Lorn, Clarvndon tolls 
hnd provoked his fnthrr hy " disobedience and ii 
Uncis' nnd tilt' old Karl irf(^itat4<d ^uch a dEspoaalof tl 
jn-ojK-rty n* tlirrateiicd lib reprcvciiUitive with uu\ 
verislied IJlks, CJinrIc*, to «ivr fhr fnmWy, madcll 
urniiigiTniL'iil uhich bnutbhed the father, and vixtcirl 
from him ihost^ niemvruhlt^ fliid prophetic sentci 
" ' he wnuld KiibmiL it) the Kinfc'v pk'OAUtv, thmigh 
bflivre<l he wns hardly dealt with ;' and then, witii soi 
hitlE'i'nesa, put his son In inlnd of hiH nndutiful carriage' 
tott'jirds him. mid eh^ir^ed Ijjm to emry in hi* mind 
bow bountiful the King: ha<l Ikcii to him, n-hich yet 1m] 
told him he was Huro he would foj'j»iH, nnd ther^iij 
»nUI to bitt Mj^«r9ty, * Sir, T uiuhI Itno^v tht» young nmi 
better than yoti enn do ; you m^y rnUe him, which 
doubt you will livt? to ri*pcnt, for he k a man of way 
sfMffif, And^fiihchooffy and crd love no mun, Atid if rvi 
he fiEidK H in hiv puuer to do yoti riii-icliirf, he will 
liuru to dt> it/'' — a prophtcy fulfiUcil lo the very Itrltej 

But h was fat^^i tiint (?hnrI(*B should trust EiauiiU] 
ton iiud [irgtecl tluutly. elt^vate Ar^yle. aud dii^omi 
leuance Monlro^f. — aud Ibat one tind all of ihera tboul 
pvri»h udi the Kca Hold. 




mnttn xM> vui hopteioib loiit^o tiiji uiT«ii4hTKHs, 

EIoWEvctt protxiblc it may \k thut MontrtMu would 
not hnrc bccii »<i tAr inifJcd as he wah by the dc-nin- 
cTBtJcal iMity ill Scotland, had Uj^ Kii3|; allaclied Liin 
to hfca iwfHiwi, imttad of rej^lsing Iiim from <."Ourt» itia 
a nuMAkrn klt-^n, tliriti^h ^I'lirmlly JiKKiuncil t'tir n f^cT, 
thai in thcfewrcf hi^dienppointiTkfi-nt, and ^vJlhi^ulnn/ 
btcur Impulse, he had on the Instant boeonie bjilerJy 
opip(M«d tu (licr iiteu-MireH uf [ht- Kin^.* Lt-l uh ^hinev 
tt the biktory of tlic iiiiddt.-ii coaibuKticn Ui Scotland, 
whkh brougbton thcf^ivat Ki^heJIIoii, ^md mnrk.nsprc- 
djwly w we tan, tb*^ lime and the occasion when Mow- 
Irnv jniticd the nJiik^oftbt' iiisiirgi-'tits, 

Uuidcd In' the pulicy of L:iud, Charles at Irngth iJe- 
terwilicd to ofTrct ihr loii^-medtinted scheitit:- of vcclesi- 
a»tkaJ utiifuniiiiy tJiruughout his dominioi^s. The 
book of Cniwoi vaa cinulat'^d by autbority iu ^ccit- 
land to ihr ytvir 1620. Thi? iilIltvuI bi^lwixt Uio |in^- 
inulgatiou of the Caooha, and the appoimnKriiT of thv 
Ulafg>' ill the TDotith nf July 14)^7 uha rinploycd, by 
the fniTiL-titt'ra iii dificontfnt in Scotland, ob n (je- 
riod of «ccrvt ajcitatiou, during which iLiy talurionftly 
blfttvcd lntn the mindAuf ihi< pL'iijik- idcna lb:Lt Ifit^ laws 

• Awa IV]an«4l,diiii|[injuiik«Cabl*ocn]brillbniDndoridad Uioat 
C^ultt. BO !«« th^n 111 Oic rlinnifltfc of MAUtrw, by «> louv iin vmh* 
^•i, Ibna hItc* Ui 'The th|Eliled ud mrnjinii'r livm, inrll|fniim nc ihit 

IndiL awU AlvHF AiiBU^, in ad|r«r uni dJrjpoir, lulu Uk« Iikej*!* of Ihv Co> 
I Li^ltfc"— Commym. VoL p. iv. LA. 



of the coiuiUy were about to be iiifriDgnl, And the Pro- 
tLittnTil religion on the cvc of bciDg forcibly suppLnntcd 
by Poj>er>\ — tbc same false view of ih*r KiiijcV iaiea- 
liotm, Uint> for a like fu.tljouu jiurpomr, liai] )kx-:i propa* 
f^ateil <-i^in!«t tht; titbc jxilic}'. The iwhi-nu' of uiiifor- 
miif in the Protcstnm worship of t\K kingdom \ri 
in itM-lfi rnlturj^fl um\ pmiM-wortliy, not uri^^iiiutiii 
wilb, but iiiheriteil by, CliarleflH The attempt, hoi 
vrrTp wa* ill timed, nnd worsL* conducttil, itud nvi%inn 
to it ill 8cotlarjd might bavo daimiHl i^onie adiuiration, 
OS uvtl a^ Ayrii]>ailiy, bad thuf rosJstanre been the aa* 
tunU and tiiiuriiinoutt t-^iirrssimi ol' ti ruiionnl feeling, ^^'^H 
bad tt poneMtd one feature which dejtcrvcn to be f«^H 
^C^nStHl with otbrr *artili:iipnts than disgiiM^ 'I'bc peo- 
ple of Scotland, though, an Malcolm Laiu^ weU ob< 
wrvesi '* seldom diatlngui^hfid for loy;iIty/' n^eret)ot,ge- 
uerally H|ieuking, anti-njoaurcbicul, nor were Uiey d»< 
j>osed, «ayA Clttrendon, to enter loto '' a bare-faced rebel- 
lion o^aliJtf tlidr Kin^, wliOAe i^^rb^n they luvini^ nnd 
nvuviited h'th govemnieDt ;" Jior, be adds " woiUd thi^y 
have been wrought upon towards Ihc lr««cnmg the one , 
or the otiier. by any of hrr suggvaUons or infusions, lbail^| 
*uch ms should make them Jealous, orapptehcofiiiveirftt" 
dtofftt tu mtruduce /'w^jfn/, their wholt- religion rnm^ist* 
log in an ctitiri.* detcetation of Popery, in buli^viu^ tjjo 
P^ie Iti be finiirhml, niid baiting pcrlccTly tlic |)erson 
of all PaptHtv." A falsi- alarm of Pupt^ry waif> iiiilerd, 
the great lever of Insurgency in Scotland, and the be 
ier bttited for the |>^^|)ost^>4 of tho«! uho UKc^d H, th 
the colightcned monarch was capable of regarding it, at 
Ihr lim*^ ii» nothing tlfie Ihnr what the Church of 8eot« 
laud beiself now adnnls it to hare t>erij,* namely, « 

' fW " Pi^jiiilftr Rel1«llon4 on The prdgma nflfle PriiulpUi* nf Tnl^ 




ir, rujscd by fnction, jiiid cdjoed by Ig- 

If Montrose's only reason for joiuiim; this agitation 
WA4 a IVuliii^ uf rufiLNHir aguiiiHt the Kiitjii;, it niuy bu 
■■pyonil tbat he would have ciiibi'accii tbn utiHiuhtop- 
pontmitf of rev^DgT> by mingling jii the fii^t &torm 
Ui»l Arctoea^aififtt tlio Epi^K^opnl f ru'jJHiLr^'^ Unqui'stioit- 
■Ujr ihvn H'a» iu bia ilispuAJtivu nuuc of tlic ilo^c ciiu^ 
fling, «o cboraclt-riatic of HatiiiJcon nml Argyh- Mod- 
InxN* was fcftriof9. Qpeiu und ovrii riUfU in obeying and 
ftrowiog al' b^« impulses ; and It is acnrtyly to be crc- 
4ilnl Uuil hud hia inutiven fur ullyitig him^t-Jl' tif the 
litrinilcDl invcntorv of Utc Covenant, bcai jiuivly vJu^ 
dkclvr, such a nelun* n« h'K woufd have rf^uircd lo be 
WuAUjfWorkt^i\poMtVVi'Uii(tei: SvuUiunl waa hi ri hdi/c. 
We may truce iu ihe roiit<^i[k|>orury clironicJtv oftht' pe- 
riod, cflprcjally in the kltm iiiid pEijii-rii of Ibi- ii'elJ- 
Itoovn Robvrt BaiUlo, aAi^rwardB l'rmctj>nl of Ui? Ccd- 
Iqir of Glasgow, Uit? risu and pro;^rc8h vi' lb*.' rvvoll uf 
ScotUod, mid we slulL lind tliAt Moiitroiw, though siv 
ilacvd «nd deceived by Hothci, imd otbcrs of tli« fac* 
lion, ikervr, iiroptTly Bpi'uki^g, belwiged to llmt frurtioii, 
or wai fulJy cof^nixam of tbeir doi;p de^if^niL 

B«iUk%* wriiiiL^ to Mr S;)uu^> (tnliij^lor of the Scol^ 
coogrcgolioD ID fJolUnd) 29tii J^tnuniy 1637. imm^ 
4{flU-ly after the royal prorlnmniioTj of the servico- 
booic, inaktB 4>iw vf IhuMf fnuik udruibsions wbioh^ from 
ad»ncil coTdUiiting hifttorfan.ciUH m> d^^cp. Hcsuys, 
that both mAv9 ofihv " pitiful M-htMit" by vi hidi he sup> 

*|Miiir BiJdrcaMa of thit Gccitml AaAfoibly Ejf (he Kirk at Sc^lljiml, m 

* P«r ifca penal of Ibe nuniufrt^t collection of |liii|liir'« LvlBot* mkd 
JiHimat^ ■* HfwU ■• Uut prinlsd abri'lj^rnvnl, t un iadi>hteii to Ifa* R^v, 



poses his cluirib in aliout tu be divided, ire to blame ; . 
"the oin; piit% itio/alrtf. Popenj. tttpersiilifM, io eundrf 
tljiijfpi wliicli nn* innncf^iil nf^ th(*Kif fniillK; they KprAk 
r»f t}jp prrAODs nnd fictions t>f lut-n othmti^ thou be- 
comn^t' * • lhfOthL»rw.viiifl wilfully l(iadd fut>UoUiidf^j 
flatrit-, to comirtDiiil upcio sole aiill]Ovity» witLiJut *^^^| 
(rrnrrng iht: ndvlci- «f nny, so far as wc ran lioor, Ifsmch 
Ihiiig^ Jw oxjumIu'iU, yea ifUit-y be Inwfnl,"— a ricwiif 
ihe whole mnttor which happens procisdy lo caiucida^j 
with CInreTitluu's tlntemeut of ihe aeUStioiis fanaliris^H 
of llic CWcnanters, and the overbi^arinf^ Episcopal po-^i 
Wry of Lnuit, The euitfents of '^ the Ftook," wc loan^^ 
fi ujii tht- Harne eovenftiiliiif^ source, are canvaK8c?d bufort^^ 
they are krtown or understood, and pronouncwl to Im a 
(NipiNh ceremonial illegaUy iin|)oai-d, — " in u worfl, thnt ilH 
wasnougbL but the mnss in E^nglisb, brou^'ht iu bylli^^ 
CTutt and violence of tht' bishops, ngjifnst th« mliul of 
nil the refftf both of ehucdi and frtateattien/' it is 
niailtable, eotiJ^id^nng the previous history of tbi 
Church of 8cothiiid, how much hibonou« Of^Uation 
co»t the Rothes faction, and ibe clergy, their inat 
mentis, lo muMe the tnniultnous portioit of tlie romini 
Uity* even with all the udvantaj^e ohtiiined from Luud' 
miHniunagenient. The violent burst JigninHt tlie scj 
virj^lwMjk was far fr<jni being a sjHJuliineous or generi 
impuluc of ihe people. — "llieae things (that the liturgy 
wna jtist the iTNiss in Kngllsb, &e.) mmmlt^i Jhtm put* 
pil9, were carried froTo hnnd lo finnd in papcrjt, wn 
tlie table>talk and opon discourse of high and low."* , 
With ;dl thin preparatory u);ita[ioij, when Lbe ruyal^l 
ordefi for icailing the new service, on Sunday 23d July " 
I6,*t7i was Hitt'inpted Ut l>c fultiliid, in St<iile*i' rbwrdi 
hy tlie Bitliop and Dean of Cdinburgb. APd in the 


SEcner AcirATioN. 


Orayfriafit by Uii- Hisliiip of Argyll, the jHfopIt? w^ri? 
fMwre, wc may uy to a nton. Uut " inccntincat tbv 
Mf p uy jvoJ//v bej^n Eiich a tumult as wjts hi^vlt hf-ard 
of liDcie Un- Rut'unoutiuEl in our natiou/'* BatUie watt 
not pn-aunl but cninv to Kiliulinrgh iU<^tUiy uftt^r"lbj]t 
loul day*"! Uic tnrscrAblr iIvImiIk nf wliich Luvi? Iwea 
fully and frc^iieDtly recorded to the disgrace of Scot- 
kud, «iul bt>r ibun-h. 

TW privy-couiicii, in tiicir IviXvr to Ibi' Kin^. phn- 
riclcriicrd the roAf^taiio^- as " that barbarous tiiinultt 
oOBftioLmt bultty, for any thing we vuu kara us yt'I, by 
& number of bu>tf uid nucally people/' But it npjJCArG 
tfaai 8ir'i*h(>nuiji llnjK^r hiw Mnjesiy'sndvocfttc, and one 
uf Umj cuUDCillorh u'bo sign tlii, vi^y report, cuuhl h^ivu 
ti>]d a dilftrfoi story. '* This tuiiiutt (say* Bishop 
(iiitlirir) was l^kiru to hi? but a rash ::uit^ry^ent williout 
any pnr-^U-liberatioii, tvbcrciw the trutl; is» it was the rv- 
Mtlc of u coasultutiou at Kdlnburgh in April, at whidi 
Unu9 Mr Alcxuridvi' UrudrrHon caiuv tfutbi^r from hi» 
brHhrcu in Fife, nml Mr Unvid Dicknoo from those in 
tl»r west <70UDlr}% and lho«e two having eoiuuiLinicutt'd, 
to wj Lord lialmeriuo and S*r Thomas Ilu/te^ ihu 
oiltidi of tlu^m they crune frt>rn, und gotten thciv fippro- 
batJou tlicrrto, did afterw^irU^ luevt at Cht' Loubo of 
NkbolM Balfour in thtr Cowgate^ with Eupham Hen* 
ilt-muii, BKbia and Elajm Crui^. and hev<^r;il otht-r ma- 
troDti and rc<;on)Encndeil to them that t]ii;y and (heir 
■dlieTvnl;^ migbi give Ihrfir-fct nffrrtot to the Book, qb- 
BUTJug tbvm tbal men shuLdd iiftcr\vurdo take the huai- 

* BiiHlItj vbathu«4xii!tin|flyr*«li(h thb nnttiwiwy of th* wmnfT 
lUAitu^iuQ of iltc ktrli ■—''' ThU dny ivttvrmonih the urvkn^'innM* 
ia Rdi&bni||b bnau tc> clniv iluwn th¥ hUlmpa' pr(i]4% whvn it wm ut 
^ Uahvit, b«Eiv July V«a 1037 ' 

4 BdLli^ 



iicw oiu of their hfliidst'' — wbicli< accordiDgly, the mo- 
in}u» miilrrtook lo do. Somr have nffcrtrd tn trrnt itiis 
«t«ry a« a p^atuituuo iuvtntiori by BUJtuj> GuUaritr. Dt 
Conk ftUribuieH the rioU, (which, howc^'or, Jie cunDOt rv» 
dcMittitr of religious impres8iorjs, would nnturnll^ htrt 
tiiruijk,") to a cutiHck'iiiioitH j^^rxuuHioii. "iJjat tlioy were 
•ngsgfd in the cuijptc- ijf ruiii^foi], uiid vrtrv coiitributiug 
to purify those tx'tnpica which AppHrc]Ltiythryprornncd-''^H 
lii«|jci)i(ruthrie> huufViT, irt iiol oiily^eiieralJy rorroW- 
raitnl by tbe adnii^ioiu of BailJic fl& to tlie ayatejnalk 
outrugnt rninniittwl by the wtrttWH^ but tlir furt that tlie 
ibuIlitlijD8 of popular fury wen an'angod bcforc-hand 
1>ythc frrrtfcrit of the fticlioii, who prviendod lodi^lBlm 
llie rioiN xs stiftidunlly prfivctl by ?m ori^iuul un«i uiujciy* 
mom letter, to that noted chnt^icter Mr Archibald Jobo- 
ston, thcflon o'( Ehpa Crtti^^ — the clerk «f ihr Aif«nn- 
bly — the piotiiralor cf the church* — tht framer of the 
Q}venntit — Ihi.' pthnr of the cause — atid,fmnlly, cre^iied^m 
a Prcr hff Crormvcll ^ ^| 

" Dear ChrUtian brolber, and cQvmg€oU4 ProUa< 
taut," «ny^ this worthy^s HiionyifiuuH correspondeal, 
" upuii ijonie run^our uf the Prelate of St Audrcwt 
coming over the water, ftridinf^ ii aUogtrtbi-r incontt' 
nif/il thot he ur nnt/ tf/^ that Lindy f lioulil fihow tlitfi^H 
wlvm/itfflcrflfr/y in puhlit, soiiiecourseu'dalAkiMihowh^ 
might hr ertf4'Htiini'ti in :iui'h plaee^ nn he hhtnild cionie 
uuto- We «jx' uow iafof med that he will Dot come, but 
that Breihiii ix iu Edloburgb or thereabout. It is lllfll 
athint t^' fjt}Hr Jrifutla thfnr^ ihiit, \\\ i\ jM'ivafe trtry, 
some coursi' maij be tak^'ujor hix trrrot^ rttrd tUtgrafr, 
if ht^ oi\ct' to Mltoij- /iiwinf/[iM\y\\i\y^ Tbiiik ujjoii (lie 

- til looki1li«iory ofthcl.'hnKhj Vol li.fL3lb^ 




Attwf iiK^. hy the advice of jrour friemli thtrc- 1 fear 
that their piiUtr opprarnnrr nt Gln8gn\i* rimll bo prcjudi- 
cmIio our <«ttM: Wv art f;y'}ti^ ou to faXr^ order with 
Uiebicf Hup|HMier« h<.-n\ (.fiaidstan^s, Srr^'in^t'our, and 
Ualiburton. So, wi^hiii^ you both protection nnd di* 
reciioQ frocn ytmr Master,' I continue your omi, fcAom 

it hM» never bwji hiiiti^d tlint MontroHu had any 
lufld in thiv Ttif«it and ntrnciouji orgrtnixmp; of in»ur< 
r«rtkui. He bad uo secret syinpatlijes wJtb the party 
wbocn he joined. He was not of the Rothea itrhool of 
politico uftiH>;igh it U'ju UiJthi^ who r^idurrd hirn. It 
U Do^rhcrc pnteiidrd ih^t hi* disaffection had s.ny 
thiop lo do with prrviodfi factions. Neither does 
BaUlir ouinc MoutruHe iiiiti] ufler the periorl whi-n^ wi- 
#|ialJ find, be via% fint *' broiight lu" i by the factioii of 

The power aud aAcendency of the inob having been 
'lliiw caiitioattly nsicertAined- — and so Rnct'es^fully that, 
"«oy6 Clarendon, " hy the time new order*- cnmc from 

lagland, there vctVi fcarco a bishop left (d Edinburgh. 
tnd iH>t a miuiater ivho durst read thi* liturgy ia any 
rhiirrli/' — nncwhCtnt' opener! in thcTdrainnof di-n»oi"nKy. 
Nor yet in lhi» Mvond scene t^hnW wr fiitd Mnntrow. 

Tbti diBtxueled and divided [jnvy-counciJ, too iucon- 
gTUOUftly comported to uct ttpou any decermEned plan of 
eMJpvmtinii fur prolrHioii of tfie Kin^V niUhorily, 

m aaMUlfd by petitionsi or supplicalions, as tb^y were 

* HmnU^ liiv AlminUtyl TLii Iviivr f wliUh wv tn-Lu fr^ip tb« 

flrfgln*! In tho ArlTooocefl' Librvry) ii pnnU^l \iy HhJI^h iel Kb Memo- 

itWtBikd LHtn« rilfetinif ro ihc ret^ of (3ibjLcf I. I< Apprvata hitp 

— jprd ibp obiv-rvacioii or(tur«v wh»d»ny tbtr ucnt oripinfmff of lb* 

caaHli^Hil njctt wtrh irom dw THrimnny n( BI«hop fiiilhrib 

t BwllvL 



tcTTiEf^ to AQspcDd the impo&iiif^ii uf tbe eervke-boui. 
The 40lh SepicmW 1637, n comrcniiou uaa a>i«fii< 
bM. at wliich uoblcmcu atid ffeiUlriricik iioH' vi-iitnrvd 
to H]>iimr,co<nmiiwioi>cd from vaHous shires and burglu 
to prt«i:iil pvtitioDs agninst the Itouk, in i\w natne of 
thtir coBtlitucnts, vrbo aauuk^ tlic^ deM^^cttiou ofMip^ 
pfiranf^. " T!i* onwrle." nuyn KiAhop Guthrie, " wliom 
tbc MtpjiIicantA consulted luiciit Ui« Irgnlity of ihelr 
procccditig xvAs Sir T'hotnoK Hope, his Mtijf-aty's advo- 
cate, wbu, tbuugU be prof««tied to have no htt%n\ In tbu 
biisi]i>t3a, bcio^ tb« King's servant, yd, in the ine«D> 
lUiw, privBtdy Ijiid da^t-n tlicgruniids end wnyn vrhrro-j 
b>- llkcy wcfc to procci^ ; nnd that be might not be rv< 
marked, pitehcd iij>on Balmerino nnd Mr Hender^i 
to U- tW iiit^u who, fruni tiiiif? to time, nhuuiil cuitic to 
him and receive hi» overtures," First and foreuiost to 
ihls convention came the needy nnd diHsohilc Karl of 
Rutbee. ^VUh him uniit- Casajl?, Egliia^toa, lloiuc, Lo«] 
thinn, and Wemyia, Lindsay, Vi^^Ier, HoJineriiio, Cran- 
ston, ami Ixtndou, net'oinjKkiii^d by nDJiii^trre and blir>j 
g«£8ee from Fifv and tht; westcrji ahires^ Th^ir &U] 
plicutiOTi.H wt*re ton rtsjH^-l fully rt'ceiVL-d by lUt* jirivy- 
CDUncil ; and the (.-xcelleui Duke of Lennox, w-lio had] 
ju3t arrived in Scotland to attend his mother'^ fnneralJ 
WHS burdeni'd >n ith the odious task uf repi-e^tnlin^ thai 
bii»iije«s fully 10 his IVIajeaty. The coundl dis^olvod 
hut the&Uppfieant^Gtill held meetings for the pur])o«e of' 
or^nkin^ M^dttiou, uot beinf^' ^uittr tutiitfml i^ith Iheir 
Dnmericnl demount rati on. Vanoua distncU wet^ ul- 
jotied to the most active of the mliiist^Ts nttndied to 
tbc faction. In which they w^r* riijoiiii^d, not to preaclL 
CJitistinnityt but to ngitnti^-agitate — agitate.* 

* "tt vnnlaAO upon Mr llonfy Pollock Bo dr^vitMtiOvt of l#othla/i, 



n|M>ii thi*l7thnf Drfohrr 1657, Balm^nci Awt Lou- 
AaOt witli Iboir cleric^ aj^JUtors Divk^n aud flTntlrr- 
MHi, V4rn^ iiitrurited with a new Htep tii Ui^ invurmrtion, 
mudt bvyottii a iwtitivii jt^ajm<t tlie litui^^ Tiiiv. m-u 
" In dmw up a forirul romplnint againU tkt ^kcpf^ 
ae siuthoni uf tli^ Booh, tii>d sJI llw irtiiiUi'^ that \imd 
be«ii. or vm»likrlufo]W'U|Kmil." BailJi« oddx, "ilmc 
tiiglit lli^cfbur did not sleep much ;" and tW result of 
their ngil^ wom tli« mi»t<< vfolmt and intok'ntnt docn- 
rocnt that bml liillirrt'^ marked tlieir proceedings. 
IIr- fieur pi-<tiii>n wuh ptv?ceriCi<d i>[] ilur r»]l(rtting dajr 
for eignalum, at a nit«ting fwcrrtly coDgrot^aUnl, aiid 
tbo conlradidory tWlings anii cxprc^aioiis whicb it eli- 
cited fn«iillie "t»coi»TiBplisl)t<4l BiuIliiV * un* wortliy of 
attention, lie »B>'f. '* all did Arcupon it urithout uiiidt 
adrlftetncnt ;" and, happening to enter x\\*r room at the 
DNMamt wUm tJi^papet wub|>u»^nj{rapLdJy uudvr tlidr 
dgnatiircK, " i axkefl nt one or iwowliiU tVieyhnd utib- 
MTibrd, who cou/ftuot inform ; itiKTin» too many went 
ottjfde fBtpimttt. I desired the « rit to be read over to 
a» who wciv iKW eorne in, Wlfn 1 hnird thf pieccj I 
w«s in great doLiblf^ what to do. Some hard |>aF^ag«0 
were in ft, that had neither been rta^onett nor voted^ 
Jittt Ibbckr^nian bavini^ raiif-ed hiiuHelf under the 
baiinrn of RotbcfL, Bolmeriiio, .^nd London, muvi put 
Ilia band to whatever Intolrmniv they might cbti^c to 
pmaTibe. No man bud hiti coiigLieoc^ under betier 

■mI T#Tic4iliilt ; Mr Andn^w It nmxy lit hili« (liu Ukcpaiiu wLtb 
Cbuw oJ Ai^^ and ni1r«Ln(« ; Mr Holurt Mntmy (■> fr^UdiJ n'llJi lbit|ii 

tim^ Mr AMitvW C^il lu ui* (Lvliku dititfVEicu ^ the nwrllt, fliiil tu 
Ifawli^miliitianlH fw d^t limt."— U'«Acr/> tMhr.*, 

* ' 80 Mr Brnditf v«|fuul> vtiua<;lBdiw lJiJ« (■iila«U«l cluoaiolcr, 
■hc^ iW rfcM>rlrr w* dull thkv uioilior D}i|iurtunil]r of UltutimtEiig, 
bom hv vnm cufifniivo*. 


cuolrol ibiLi) BdiUie* U il werv uvubhnoaDe be rcAMin- 
•d with il, umI if rtry refract ocy. ht prayed I ^ Af^ 
B liule fiikoce QixJ advinnnMit. 1 gol my mind cxteod* 
cd to *ubacripiioii upon tbir two groundi ; I . 'IIiaC tlu 
uorrlfl/ ixnjx (if i<lubtr>wuMJ Htipenlitlonj aud the inaob,' 
wjlli tkramng niigbt rcttcb far ; and, imdfifd, ftccuvidiiig 
10 my mind, in ibc liooJc, nftrr ibo KnglbhincirH late 
coiam^iitAri^a. ^ufb &«rda irufy were sown. 5£- Tl^l 
whoMubscribed u compJoiul upuai tbciiarrttivcof nutJiy 
vrronj^ it w«9 CDOiig:h to abide by the cunrltuqciD, nndl 
to many of Ibe invmisei^ aa iraly jusli^ it,*'* By 
thii rv^oniiig, wiib an 4<UitioDat a^sttraitc^, from " lb« 
pcniim> nnt\ ehirf hitmU in ihai wHl,'' that thry intrud- 
ed DO more than to obli;^ fill tbe eubsrnbore to pttr*nt 
the ttU^opr, btit not that each >tioii1d be tied to bc-lievc 
all tbe iirirls ni ibt- itiirnilivcv Haittir iiniKcil biK can- * 
ttcieucv aiiii sifjued tJie paper. *' If (fflp tlie Covenai> 
Ur) I liiul ivfn.sed my liand to it. I bod been dh infii' 
Qio;iH Llint liny, fur murrjng, by my cji<tmp]i% a good 

* Thb pLiiviltfaiMil ut tmy ilEaJiunvnt niftv>uiu(, #«■ nuiiluir more boTi 
iMltiun imnflii of nmnthprlrijt hU ivnuripnris ^^ Bftll^ir (whov DWQ 
MMI4 of hit nvcnunrinfE frtlbij^ ikuA nfitnlonj !■ a mua «rf fiK^iHrr- 
ttnl «t[itvjijpnciD«] odwiwJifirv uw.^ flio viir^' rniivvrv of Cfaii fwagn* 
iiifl. [n ibo AjiHinbly of 1113^ if wu* |TU]>n4iJ by the ]k<^a hiull^ la 

|j«u of tb« Prvvbyttfnuji poity ilkowrnlnJ fruio i1»U rblmt and ln» 
ttonil pr«iHdtlon, vHpLUlulE]' IJolUkv nbo lavcd bis coEUv&rntT. ibcu hy 
Wiiitlfijf the profMuU^Mii turJic Irui^but liy Kftujitnt/ uutafehf rttif. All 
Af Tt*t, linwdTVr, vnUd ptntrrttli^ in thf nifirmMxvi- *itfhvpt\riKmXiau^ 

itf IraOi b^t <> cwuuiiEK-d^ critji;ii4ai tlicvi^ wliu Hf^4^w«rd» campUn- 
wAt Ihix Ap dvrk (n Er>'«<'^t rvfEUtf^tooL thtJr DftiTinaiitft< on nii'iiniti|{ 
itJ^^iB^ ■* ^f*^^! >^x ri^ririi'f' ^hiTcai tlioy only rncuni rimnvt ; ||i|i rlork, 
tiijq Jinkllir, M-ldcl " *iTixju-lly> fur uni^x^ijifj ajfimi/nivt t^iOHt j/uri ol 

to aOtTTo the iihnirn 

ontciTC OF THs TAitres. 


[ay I was famoiiA for Airthuring it inch 
my di^riyitnae" — " How<?ver, (nilds his conscience.) I 
thonifht ib^D, ftoU y«<t tbiok, that tbe pcnuvm were >-ct 
more bappy tJmn vrini^ t I tbiiik they wcrt vrry impni- 
dmt to make that nti hsrd, mj ngor<iUF^> eo sbarp, 
thai tli«7 miodeil to ]>rcflcnt to «o maDy tbousunda vlu- 
machfl of dirers l<?fTipers." Sbnrpiis it wbh, ito Mtotnnch 
reAiMtl it, to ivhoiii it dared hv olVen.*(l, nut] (hough 
•one ri^cd U without kiioniiig the conunt*, nnd others 
witlurat approving them, upw-Ards of thirty QobJeti](*n, 
snd nsny gvotleruen aubecribed : iior did »ny of th« 
bmi^fi, with thp i^iiiglt* L^xifeptiuu of tbe cxfinplnry 
tmm of Abeidteii, irw4ipe llitr revoiutioijury i-pidtmic, 
Tliat «am« day another di^rac^ful und preniL^licatcd 
lumiih omtrrvd, wMrh vrry nenrly vfiected tikr murder 
uf the f)if<hop of Gf^ilow^y. and actuaJly drove thv pro- 
voil o<it of Edinburgh, which now wa^ Jn the haiid.-i of 
the mob. la the evening certain of tlie uobibly (a^- 
AemtJcd contrary to lb« roynl proclnmntion) " u«ed aJI 
diUgencr to bnvc « council for presenting tbdr vtfigna 
Arria; wbicb after ^reat ]ttuiiit they obtuitied." But 
tile fadioo, though neiirly ninMeni of the privy-council, 
nmld not pn-'iiiil «o f»r,nt that time, AstooblAiiiii hcar^ 
ing for their neu' aupplk-ation The bishop and tbe 
magistntCN acvuwHi them of beiuK Uie uutfjoi-A ut tiie 
Rcvat oam^. And Jiddcd, that the euuxe of all the 
tijniiilU vna the frequent <-i>ngregntiori in Kdtuburgh 
of thedUoftectMl iiublea find identic men. " In thut vtiw," 
it wM ftjtfuUy repiicd, "we «bali vaW a rouvi-ntion, 
to chine cavtrttUMuntfrir to wnit in frmf4f/ numhvrx iipoti 
the prit'j'-couQciJ, in terms of the motion of the proroit 
and tbe bbJioi^^ Thnx uHginntt'd the iDi-'murable jncH.-t- 
ingof tbe IJtlh Xoveniber tG:i7- Thi>, ul>^ Biiillitr, 
*wft» iJie />rWc«ce ; but the trti9h wxv^ that night nfler 


IM mmtmttm. avd ths corcxA2r¥SK& 

i> M^^p where the whole nobi- 
Etf 1 '""A ffsppolT Mme fiMhMrtfaw>gT<t nvm tltcgm- 
tty, town, and miiiKten* nee where 1 w» unoi^ tlie 
re*t : Uktc h was resolved lo mfet i^amEt the ISch of 
XorembeTr in *a great numbers wsponikiycomidhekad^ 
to wail oo the aovwer of thnr pnw sq|ylicarion, and 
to get tbeir eoniiriaJDt ooce takled and lecetred." At 
thk eoTenantiiig conriTialiir, tbe karaed bm swnewbat 
incoberait and bewiidered BaiDje, sat in wondrous ad- 
miration of tboee long headed an^-insorgents Balm^ 
rino and Loudon. He ** thonglit them the beat spoken 
men that ever he heard open a moatfa." He says it 
was " a meeting of harmony, and mutnaJ lore, aeal, and 
gravity beyond what had oecorred even in a meeting 
composed solely of churchmeii for forty years." When 
taking leave of the nobles, however, one of tbe miniBters 
lectured their Lordships upon the " reformation of their 
personn, and using the e^iercise of piety in their &mi' 
lies; which all took well, and promised Jair" The 
miniHters returned to their respective districts of agita- 
tion, to raise, from their preverted pulpits, the seditious 
cries that were to bring the people to tbe meeting of tbe 
lAth of November. " The fameof that 15th day spread 
at once far and brood, even to the King's ear, aud all 
wert^ in great suspense what it might produce." • So 
clo«ed the second scene, 

'i'hus by the arts of a desperate faction, — working in 
8(.'otland, under the leadership of the Earl of Rothes, 
ever siitce the period when Charles attempted to ame* 
liorate the country at the expense of the tithe-holders, 

w»s the community wrought up to its highest pitch 

of cxcitcmtnt before Montrose became iu any way con- 
nected with these proceedings. It was at the great 

« BailUe. 



cooretitiDii of tbc ISili of Noverolwr 1657. wbich haJ 
been most laboriously nr^nu\7.ct\f i.hni Mnn^ro&e tint a^ 
pcimtl. " Ain':'D); oilier nobler isays Diihoj? Oulhric.] 
who had iLot bevn (unnvrly Uktl', i-uiiil' ui ilmt dkt thtf 
Bar) of MoQtxon% which wii!< mtn^t /nX-r^v Hotirv- qfi 
jm. wh^n the bifhops hrnrt) that be waacot[ie Ihvre Ici 
josD, tb«y ivere ^oineivhat alTriglitt*!!, Imving ttmt cs- 
ttf«Ri of his portB thnt they thought it xmv to jtrcpare 
for a Monn when he (rri^ngL'-il/* AjkI why hud hi- ap- 
pvaird at thift time? Waa it flat, like Argyle, he htrk^ 
vd behind the Hicen<.-H utilil hi* ^iw the safest niriTnciit for 
dprlArin^ hini«clf> — or wav; it the spontaneoiks impulse 
of iKitriutie alarm, — nr was it, as Dr Wishfiit »uyn, that 
" the %m\vx. tlH-y iiiuttir, they iit-vt^r wuutt?d fittiitg htKini- 
tMBls to tell lind spread," mid that his youthful auil ur< 
dmt IdIikI ba<lhiTiL work cvl upon hy tho focCioii? Ball* 
lie liAiUiKVPered thequetitiun in u few eAjnvmii ^-i- wtirds, 
^" the canttittfit ■ o/* Kothfn brnuffhf in Montrose tc 
tmrpariy^ But itcnnbesbewn tlini rveit Ki'lhinis not 
csititlnl to the sole merit of this ooiiqiie^i. In art ori- 
gilMl niAntuurripI ik'j^ir^UiuD, (lukeii during^ ihnt perse- 
cution of Wmnrosic ajul his fricmN, in 164l,whfdi will 
be the Mibjcct of a future rhnptcr,) I find, wlmt had 
hHjM-rto enc-aped observatiou, that Montrostt himself 
QUDVS o niiuiHter ua having l&houivd to convert Lini, 
•* Thereafter oiy Lurd ^Montnwi?) snys to ihe deponer, 
* tfOH tt^re ai* inUramrni of' hrhtgijii* me iu tftix rauini ; 
1 am calumniated aud slandered us n bnck^lJder in tlaa 
tamt^ nnd nni di-siniuf^ to ^iw ymi nnd nil honest men 
MtitifactioD r* Now this deponer is Mr Robert Mur- 
ray, minister of Methven. — the very clergyman upon 
vthntn (prvparatcr)' tothegrjindagititton for this m<>et- 



iio»TaoA£ ani> riis covfNAMreitf. 

vaU , 


log *4 ^h.1s 15th of November) " it waf laid, to travaii 
with them of Perth and Srirlingshliv/'*— the dhtrico 
whkhhi)' thco<»tnU%of Muiitrv^, undhisrelativtv, Lo. 
Napic-r, niul bit Ucorge Stirling of Kpir, 

At thiti grand €onveu1ton ch^trcnburerTrsquair, 
of the rnwt ublu and elcH|uem of the privy-couuctl, and 
wejl disposed tovrnrds the King*H inti^rcvtA. though wl- 
versQ to the civil og^rnndizeiiLnit of thi>- l>iHho|Js ohnl* 
lenged ihdr proceeding, saya Bailtie, *' wJili great ad* 
miration to some of hU winduin and faculty of npecch." 
But, ho add«, " /Ac adv^oaUc^ after somr little djspli^a- 
*urc at ihc treasurer for \\\% motion, rcsolvrd, that thty 
uiighL lucei iu luM' lu dmttt- iroiuniiKuuuurs to Farlio- 
tiieiit, to cooventiou of ritatca, or an^ public bu^iiesi," 
It WAS then drl^rmincH to ii|i]Hiiiit ncnmmittco of twelve, 
represent iniiC ^^ laany stveral etfiaivi hh in their wih* 
duon tliiii convention saw Bi, that the new {;onMtitutu>n 
ehoidd cTiibnwe- RotJiee, Loudon, Mantrojnf, ood Lind* 
lay, wrre the four noblemen aelectod ; and 8ir Gvoq^ 
Stirliu;;; of Keir« (Aluntratie^) nep}i«w by marriage witU 
Lord Napier'» diiughter.) was one uf thoM; choiuru to ro^ 
present the Ic^^er bitrons. Thus originated that sconr^ 
of tliu kioj^duin^ fnctiously appointed comr/titftY^t. iiBfur|K 
ing the ;vbuJe function;! of government hi Scotland. 
&> artfully wnit iJie nifxtter innnjiged ii8 to ^ertn it con« 
htfrvativei act of the privy-council it^eJf, fortified by thAJ 
legal opinion of vhe fir&t law olficer of the crown. It 
wu^^ hci^vever. an B^iilHe uHsurefi lis, a deIit>LTrnte plan of 
the faction lo coinititute a new and irreapODaibJe f^- 
voiiineni of their own, at which their contein plated] 
pcraccutioii of the bishop:^ might be received, ntid 
<- tabled/' a pbrnw which afforded a vulgar nomencJa-, 
lure to a law]e«b and lyraniiieul constitution. * 


Yet the day was Dot. far distant when Montrose was 
to leam to appreciate a covenanting committee of 
estates ! when his horror of such tribunals was even to 
mingle with the genlleet efi'usions of his accomplished 
mind, — » 

M^ dev ud only lore, I pny» 

Tbia noble vorld of the« 
Be )p3fen]ed by do other nway 

Butpttrett BUnarchy. 
For if confution have a p»i% 
Which virtooiu »iiU nbbor, 
• And bold B t^nod in tby heart, 

ril never lo-te thee more, 
■ t ■ • ■ 

If hi th« empire of thy beirt 

Where 1 should aolelir be. 
Another do preteod m pu% 

And dan to via with hKj 
Or if coDnntftHf thou eroct. 

And foe* on each a score, 
nl ling and Uogh aC thy neglect. 

And oover lore thee more. 

TOI« !• 



TiiKCOTChtTiT— coHTitDirroirvra'H'^orii — r^i jn vmw» orir— Tim: 
TMin or IT— iil>ti.y"» »k««ctic«9 op it. 


TnK coii^titudon of Scotland being thu^orcrtuni 
ihe <k«trm'tiv*? pany ins(»nily pr(M;t'<.^il(Hl la thi- t'onlrl- 
vmice of tbcJrmcmorAble charter The Covenant, iJiai 
Ih^hI of fuctJuTi nml hnnncr of n^cUion, 1^ infirpnmhli! 
from the oame of Moiitiuee, iiotctil)' bt^CJiuai- evieiilunl- 
ly he fell a sacrifice in tlie vain atlemin ta save Uifl 
Kiii^ niiit country frinii its fteMohitirig cIUvIn, hut Ihv 
cR\x&*> he was amongst the foreincet to ^ign it* and, for 
A brief space » supported it So councit and enforced Etia ihe 
field. Surue oftJir on^irtul t^ditioiie of the Coveiiaiil axv 
yet pri'Hcrvcil in the- Advocfttes* Libi'ary, mtd among the 
crowded ^ignfituiVH attached to thc^^i* 8ad mejnorials o( 
natiouaJ turbulencd and human vanity mid folly, ft|>- 
pcnrs the njunt^ of Montrose, eotiapitruoiiH both from \\6 
foremoi^t place, and the ehnracteritftic bohlness of ilie 
nutograpJi- Were thie bond what some Jtnve imagin- 
ed it to bejUpntnulicund holy t^xprc^^sioiiof iirtjinimous 
feeling io all who signed it, — a feeling for the prteervu- 
tion of Iheir K^Hgion and Liberties, — had CharW T 
really eutextaiued Uje determined purpitHi^ figniiiKt tlw. 
" Independency" of Scotland, which the Covenant is by 
some supposed lo hnvc met, then, however illegal luit- 
self, and though leading tu worse evil^thrLn it profi'i^scd 
to cure, all who signed it in that good fnitli and feehng 
niiglit w(.-l) he exeuned. If M<intro»^, who we nhalJ lind 
only abjuced the Covcnaol after he diMtitictly ^aw tiiat 



U wu made to serve the ruinous |}iirj]o%08 of a r^-vtrlu- 
ticmuiy muvriuifut, baii reaUynijiiiedil utj4ler<-"inmrNst(m- 
cts which iM^runriiy im|>e11c(l every Chrinilnn patriot 
so lo do, hift political ithnrncttrr woiilrl br bJainvksH, 
It U to be fear€d> however, thai (be iwai-tyr of loyalty 
•ttfittri ijoi 9M>wr1]«xcuat'il ill bia early r^ri'or Hi-npix'ant 
to lutre takrn tbnl i^tcji, uv inciny otlii^r.* ilid, wjtli but 
cradr bjkI confused idvu* oi' lU propriety Tbc be^t 
ckrica] hif^torinu^i unboChitrcb of Kruttuiul iio\^' miiiiir, 
or bat feebly veil the fact, tbat the Covenant, u» dixbn- 
Dcstly Bpd impimiHly it wm% NiyU^tl, riitiir rnrking from 
tlie liot-!x-d of faction, and from tJie hands of rt^ckie^ 
utijiirindpU'd polilidaus- lint Monlrose M-ua iiuUiraHy 
OS incn|iab](- of <^<iTU!civin^ ho profmiiiit ii plot, ah he 
wu of appreciating tbc Kope and tcTtdeiicy of the 
CorentDl at the lime when be signed It- He wta 
not 000 of liic intrigiit^rH ubo fo urtfuUy contriv- 
ed thb too mccc^ful iLchrmc ngjiinnt rAtnbJished or- 
der, Rotlies. Loudon, niul Jlahnerlnor with thrir 
l^al deina^gut*, Archibald Jobiuitou of AVurietoni 
Old tJiHr tlcrienl npoNtli^ AU-xmidrr Hi-nHert^ont — 
these five are trnmorUllKefJ an iis aUlc, though disinge* 
nnom. deVj»er»- The scheme of the Covenant it* weU 
known. It nlTectcil lo nd[i|ii thut (.'oiift^.^sioN of F^ilh — 
dlr»Ct«d Against Popery .it a timtr wbtt) the (H>]>]Kh plol« 
of Spain, and a lesa e:tJi^hteiied ern, rcitdore<I the fer- 
ment miife exeuimbiL' tiitd sinc^re^whieh Kiiifc Jatna* 
in hifl jroutb had signed nlong witli tlie nntion. There 
irvoHglnaltyaddedtothiKprolrMttint rnnfrfHion a bond 
or obligntMrn fur iiiainteuajjce of the true reli;^ion» and 
of the King's person < Somr yearit afieru'ard^ Jame* 
auperinduced njHiD hi>* eoiiMlitnti<'n r>f llic church, the 
fiwjtftkiea of Perth, uiuithuft. with thencquiescenee of 
hi« people, inlrodncrd that KpimmimjI iuipMrlty of church 
jftfVtfmmenl, wbidi was virtiully the scheme,- of Ku' 




turus that found il their pri' 
Ti'tiArr tile hij^iiie^ intrical 
lipoQ hope hiii Maj^fiy woi 
Ikdtlier wns thh form of proct 
jnont iiilrusled, for by the dj 
thi-ir wrt-icc.9, nnd in the mrni 
ly hopes of grout niatttrfi, thi- 
ADil o^rtuin betictita, above th«f p| 
or fjf his Mjjjt-iHy'* nhility-" 

Thv di-Mgii «f recovering Ihr 
those graspinij and fnrUoiis bf*i 
ri<foi'i]iutiou of ILf church iii ^i 
jjroprlfllJufT that property to tii<r| 
tnu^tt^il through n mLtiibirriii' 
ment of thcf rei^ ; and CbjirlcK \\ 
Just diM'onfent of th*? noblce, n< 
fi-r from ibici bulntary rrritrit'lii 
lirnrt-bumings wliiob found a V4 
n^niitM E pi»ic<f prif?y . WJioii (he 
6r6t proposed, the KJDg met will 
frum iriti>r4:8tfit Dobleiu^tu eovt^rzi 
very time disgusting hb Mujcvtj 
tionnnteoiirt, of which LordNapj 
niconl- Mar, Haildiiiglmt. Ko: 
the violent old ifouty cbaui-ell> 
(Kimioiil) wi^rv, from prrKuiiJil itii 
«n of that opponitioti. uhich, vet 
vrry lu-Arly brought mi mti j^xtrnoi 
alnatioa and iziawracre wheu Nil 
knd cromml^aioned by the King u 
i-ntion- It wuKafttTlhii-lttihitr ihi 
tnisvioti of 8urrondere of Suptnoi 
Isatied ill tbo y«ar 16S7i (-be 
which, from u juaiiuscrii^t in 

Tin: cortw*?(T. 


anttming the Hfht of deciding upuTi tin? nteiiMiros of 
Ibeir BoverHgi), «nit (.-oUKideriDf* their private jud^izii^nt 
m « »iiffi>ricDt w*rrwit for *leaj>is(ing Ills HiTtlioritf ^"^ 
li tfl of ftoine consequence to a coinpklti iUustratimi 

• T%i^ i» virvrc n^n tho " jgocH) cbuh," oaming n» it ducflfrdni 
ibe iwA of ODK of it* riii>«t dbtrfn^fulilu^d Adt'Of^tf^-w^nrT flm Biinliijcy 
-vUcfa InoHJiiAVly if\U-vi^ Jh-- <-nn4^rnjnMi(tii qunTeil Jn our Wtl, niily 
tta^ to 4I1UW Ll>* inil*>lvri%it>Li» f>ifl1 c^mv in riuJity ia. Uf 4\j<ik 

fom^,—^ miifhl Ant" Arfn i^nltti llii' fvvi'r&i.', ami thtrL'fnr^? tho vlnihoA- 
IkM <rf ilw €o*»niu« touit not He rented npoti thp fttr-frT^liLit rLtli-i]i[>tt 
ID f iCfflfifr If if^fA A^aJlf;r> ''iif Ufxiri tlib ijrtrit fittW.tftr^ 1||J1% ulit^n Thv 
cn^ fcf irhitb nil jivvirmmpnl nhniik^ 1h* in4HrEil-?r1 iirv ■IrKfiU'lft rLui.W' 

ibv^iffbfH vIlLoilI whlcli ilia)' wiruliniv 4:»ii4k>i])iJi?il [it ihi> ilc^nula^ 
(MM vaH imbUmlnL^iA vi dtnpotl^iUH" -il^t. iffihv Cfivrdt nf Si-nllnnti, 
Vvl iL |t. 414-41^ But uiifnrritnn(4:1]',Tl]1ii'^^rE<urpnmt|tlF,"— llti«ho*- 
blal 10 whicL dt* refprphcl iiiirlinr ('«'i?rf fFic l~L3ridi1ikliiin ^if hit vltiircJi 
Mitf bnvV '*™^V'^ '' rnwTritcu hia^ryiL^'iCf*. — >* in^Hci|uDfL.- T^^lLv i:unf. 
TM — WWpll'iii* iiiiiil'iiil iu ihu vbijuv, tlwuifb uinKmlfijuuiit, flwfvniiff. 
•r* iacBpTkbtii uf (iroof, nor dnv« lIuiE cLi^firm-iF riilnrMi; with ibu iiircuiji- 
^■MtUft^tmiflwriiiru whiuhil wvtlDlviiik'Ll lon<:utnLiliv. Tu'^rtii^oncilo 
dw riTiBMil HtlS InyHlfy" !■ not tlio nAv ilLfficnUy wlifch T)r CtMb'i 
^TiiiKiB rA«»Lirc tntl prf-<vnii.^4l to the " EJii-fpTrhol attcmpu" aE ito 
I hi^pi**!' 11" '"id feL'L'tiinl tZjc I'ovonitnt, tlimj^la in HU^Hluttcl And rm- 
4irkhnHw*f mnltrnt «ni! prtiiri|>Trit fhiiT rvrnliT il wry dii^iU'ufuI Iu 
HiOgHff1ini>. rlur inu«^ rTv"''Vi* *'"»if' ^ni^'ta tvlmin lie tlvdbrA t^rhnro 

fitf tfiUfc ik rffeJ'> n/fl/A/4Vl«>— thullht'y biul ni^i^jv-ZfAd n^/Ar ufdui-id- 
1^, >Bi1 ImH pLkc«iI tholr prip^lff Jtr^fpnml iiffmUuE i^unBlirurcsl nnllho- 
fllrJ !!■■ flliM* uLt thiJi f^iuii|i«l0 w'lih tIiv iLulli<ir'> pmit fH'mrpfr i/f 
f^aififiiufini'. EiBiurl). IlihT hrf'f>ri' llkr C'nTnnnriE nrn^r, X\*i- k'U\\% (or which 
fe& jt«T<tRiuvul ■liiTulii \w iitklitnU'ilhoiI Ikvo dvl^-Alcil, iiiid t}]c r>itty [Ju- 
ly ■! rt lji*» frtiiMftina •«, Tlmiuf Tht u;////r>,rJ([||j| tlie/ar/AjM*) hqv- 
ny ft fiev n^ («} iji^rrvii'il Eku' jtrw^tipLLTN cf rbv fiinrpiiFuflnn, auj lu 
«Mvri *t«r fTtviirvfi' ^ <^n »p rt*4»ndle or upplf liiii yincdcution 10 
iW f*«ali^ Cavtfii*ataVi4ili:b)Oi]thenry n«xi fh^r nEihr umv Tii,^ 

iW ^ma'imX hllmlion 4n it which hvt liwn nnUi^, «tUI irviaomLufcl* 
«4 Iff lit fmovr lilltf, a j'fft' nf 'rmaj/mmiy wlja'h mw na( iiacc«iiUyta 
wy|tfrt iIh auttk *ml obirh iiff<jH«l it* vri'Moipri mom^ /rrtninif fm ,^tu.^ 

It II 1» drfviirl ibr C'r.vrtmaC I 



of the JilV and actions uf Muiitro^. that wt sJiouldob- 
tuin uJunUt vi(-\v, ofthi^ priucJples.-imlhbtfiryofthcCu* 
vcuntitof 163U, thau is usually presE-utod Id ue> t-Tecb)' 
the most coriHt'itriLliiHiFi t^uveuriEitiii^ hinLonikhs of XUa 
Church uf ScEiUniid. Ttiuse who glorify tbc Covetiiuit ia 
iK'tuifs.nrcMrt-nioHttijitturocuriJthnl Maritrc^eonJyjoin'- 
ed iirrt>iiiinoUvt^*of*elfife!n*ique, anJijUittetJilfroiiiyrt 
inure HO liish A-cliiigsot'disapikointfnenL Hut if it lie the 
ca«c that every art of iusur^-ncy had IjecD employed, by 
a IKtlltioalcliqne, turoiiae tht.' pB^sioua ai]d hliud theun- 
dt^mUiiidiEig of all Hfissoti of thr fomrounity, and tha' 
tbcrcufter they prt>cet?dtd in a more reckless and bead 
lpngr<iiir^ of demorrncy,^— if siiehj in few words, be 
hiBtory of the Coveii^ut, it is iitit difficult to urnlers 
how theyoniig and ardent Montrose came to join it witt' 
Uioughtlcss zcal^aml to quit it «d aooii with dis^tist flQi 
iDdignation. The movement, however, has been oth 
wise chnratterized, and by none more imposingly th 
hy ihi.^ learned autbi^r of u History of the Biitiah EfnpinN 
The Covenant, according to this writer, was " agran 
fiationnl mov(^na<nlagnin8larhitrary |iuwer, dviland 
ligious," — it was ^'noimerehj a cuoluii^t^ntof thifundor- 
Miandiii^, bnl of the henrl, hraU^d to nn {-rithiiKia^m, of 
which sk ffiint coiiceptJoo, only, can be foiTned by tli 
whobnve livedin quiet times:* the Covi?nantwaaeinbr 
asd w ith tears of penitence for pa9t d^eciiou, and ^fmu 


pitch iutbtfmomouiT miiy Hh. Ai for our " qTidci dmu" htln^ Inmgvi- 
\iU uf nppredotlnit ihu nrnhuirtttwn o|' dumuumty, *hey iin' \it XvtMt mrml- ^ 
Ing, Mt Br-xli."'- IlinEory uti« printdin LHM, ^inr.^^ »ben llrlMol hu 
Lccci huml by iL roli>rTOlTi« waob, AiirJ nuny othrr rirr'iLiEi>rHiL{-r* linra 
uueurrnl fu rvmincE u* uf rbu riui i>r lliv trifL]l>]pfe in !ili;iitluiil, auJ tlk« 
BulMvqiUfdT fube of ib^! Uritthb Mnujirrby- 



of timtitterabie joy tor ihe ho^^d*?0Tfr\i\U"'— not oT hw^ 
tv^tkon mid swililiuuH n^ciUtliGii, — Inil i>f " reconcile merit 
wiih Heavcti/' Vet pdthc-r will ibiK lilKEorifLii «u1Ter the 
Covenant to escape withmit *' sovero rcprcln'naiori,'" — 
Dot brcatifc il rtmitfd r«bv?llioii u'liik professing loyalty, 
uid rffrrtcd a *t*cre1 combinaUon against the [lersurj and 
iuilnirily of thv Kin^ while il luuk GufI to witiicsn a 
tWu^niiiQalion to dcfemi both, but because of its '' into- 
leraiic« towordet llit Catiiolk iMnly." " Men/" adds oar 
bistoriugrii|)hrr> ^' who WL<ru themselves emartin^ un* 
ilcr Ihc rffccw of infolrrnncc, might have had ^rfmjta/kif 
villi lhi« ferLirigH t^f those who also adhei'tNl to their otcn 
molioiu of worsliti>ping their Maker."*— meaiiing there* 
by nirt Ihr proftxiaitf Church «f Bnghitid, whicJi tht Co- 
v«ak«ii|«rf »o iutol^nuitly auil iucoD^iBlentfy ag^iailcd* but 
the vonAilppm of the Pope. How irtcoikgrmtiis i^ this 
idvtu of syinimthy for KoiEruu Cathuhi- woi-bhip being 
HA iogri'dieiil in the coinponitJon of the CuvenaTit ! so 
mu^ tiiy^ indoed^ that we mm?t nUogrtlier diatriL&t the 
viikm wjtJi vrhlcU oiu- wrapt historian had contemplated 
tbc gnttit pmibyti'riun crt*iH. For that t'loi|uenl page 
tbciiof Ihir HrofllieA coiDttitution^d history, wc would sub- 
Mkstc.the following details, aflbrdcfl by the manuscript 
aeKHKkt of Jauie^ Gordon, parson of KoUienmy.f 

■* Th* Covcnnnt was no soonrr ngrcwl upon, hut !ii- 
slantty it was be^un to be HuUscribed> in Edinhnr^h 
UnU and ih« fhurch chosen out for ihat Molemiiily wn» 
tlitf Gniyfriarv ubtirch, whrre, AFtur it had hren rend 

• JUr Bradv*! If i-Kiry i.riliu Brjridi Bmpliv, Vol IL p. 4^1. iT«. 

1 Jmom Ckirdoa wn thr imn ntn rncutjiiriinu* nrtitr in thci tnmfalpb (tf 
ScBtluitla Robcn Gordon uf MniIo«h' Somt.' urouiit of Jftiae'i OoN 
4tm'9 ¥*rj curiDM* uhI tbiunlilD uuLitL^LitiHiwy litjidiry, wliicJi hu rwTor 
WpU prih1pd> aiuJ ffifm avliirli ^v *luUl friHjUvntljr hnw iicvuKino bi VA* 
tr«c^ wlU be founiUk « iiu1q«i tliv «Qrl ofiEiU vciKimeH 



tivtir publicly, anit a long sporcli liiul bi.r.u fimde by ihc 
Lord Louduu in cuiiuj^eiidBtioE Iheieof, Mr Alexander 
K«iidcrftoij seconded him >i':il( a i>rayer, and then all 
feJf a irireariiig and mhsmhwg, *ojnu uf tlic tiQbilily 
leading tb« way. The first, ael fioi credibly informed, 
waM Jubn fforilon, Earl of SuthtTtaiid, niid li]L< nv\t waa 
&ir Andrew Murray, X.»rd Bulvaird* miiiiiUrat Abdie 
jii Kifc, two noblenieiL wbo>out of zeal to tbcnr profes- 
sion, wjthoiit any by-ends, lliought it a JiappiiieM lo 
be ainciiig the lirst subscnbenta and swe^i'ers to the 
('ovrnnnt- After thom^ all ihnt were prpsent ron 10 
the ^uW-ription of it. and tbt^u through tUv wnl vf iba 
city it went, erery one contesting who tnjj^ht be 6r»t, 
nnd riUjors, without further L*Xiiinirknti<jn, or ijUf^^tion- 
ing the ailiclee thereof, following iMr example. Wom 
men. young jwople. and servant-maids, did &wtar and 
bold up their bands to the Covenant. All who were 
present at Edinburgh at that meeting in the month of 
fVbruary, subAL'ribi.'d ujid swore to Ibo Coveiiflnt be* ^ 
fure they went from tbeuce, and al their liartingifl 
nunixtcrs, and uoblemen* and f^entlcmeti. who wore 
well affected to the cantsi-, t-ikri'te^l co{>JC8 thereof almtg 
with tbem, or C4iU!»ed them to be wriiten out ader tbeir 
return to their several pari^'ibes nnd c^ountic* of Scot-J 
laud, which copius were ordinaiily wrilteu upon greatj 
iktns of pat^binent, for which cause, at ibat lime, in a 
writli-ii pjiw|uil. tbt* Cirvenaitt w*i& tenntii Ihr arujitt'l' 
laiion rtpott thtt hank iifArh'4, And such a£ took copieB 
along with tbem to be subscribed, caused ordinarily 
Bucb n3 bad Hxvorii, or miderwrilttn their nnincH nl-i 
ready, if they were noblemirn or miniKtem of note, to^i 
set to ibeir baud^ anew to tbc several coptc-B, thai, 
where theni§elveii could not be present to invite other«,l 
tbeir bandwriling miKhl be tlwir pr*jxy. The moulhi 


of Fcbniiiry, Mnn-h, find April, wcru mosll)' speut in 
AiWribtuK ttie Covenant, aa tbal time, axid 8ojjke while 
aftcTt in p^irchuMin^ lianO* tliert'lo. The grvaU^r that 
ih^ DUiubirr of ihc subecritxrrh grew, the more ijnjteiiuus 
they were in exactinj^ siibBCri|Hions from others who 
rrfUioed to ^ubncribe. ho that b/tk'^rees they proceeded 
to contuipdir:*. and v-Xptj.MUg of mttiiy to injurit!« and 
nrproarhce ; and some were (lu^ateueil and beaten who 
duntt refube, efipeeinUy in grt-atust eUies, (na likewise In 
UliMBilwr^ LftOiirk, iind mnny other pEat^es^ (TiJitlcrrrrJi 
mad nobtemeti carried e\ipie«^ of ii about in their port- 
iDAjitW and pockets, requiring subscnptionB thereto, 
4wi \wiug; their uttiniKt L-ndt-nTours with Lht^ir friends 
in privattf to mbscribe. It wa^ subscribed publicly in 
chnrdief, ministers exhorting thcii' people thereto; it 
UTM xubacribtd and »wom privately ; oil had power to 
Cole* tfat oath, and wrrc LicciD^cd and welcome; to comi; 
in ; find any that jileased haJ power ami licenrje to earry 
the Coveiia&t about with hitn. ;uid give tite outli lo 
tfOch J0 were willing lo NulHcribe and Hwear, And 
moll wse the ^eal uf many «\ibNcn bents that» for a 
whikr many MibeL-rihed ^ kh Ti^ara on their cheekjt, anJ 
H ia conMautly rej>utted that soiue did draw tiu-ir awn 
hhodt aiid u»cd it m ]>lacc of ink lo uudc-rwrite clieir 
■aiMM. 8iKh iniiiiMerH nfi Kf>okr njast fin- it wriv heard 
m> pMMiiunately, and with such rri.>qucney. th^jl dmrt.'h- 
c« could lurt rotitaiu their ht^areni in cities, — ^oinc keep- 
inig ihf\T f^cnU from Kriday Lo Snrnky to ^cf the com- 
muuioti K^^^ii tti^Jik fiittinjft — 6oin«of ihu devouter bkx, 
d« U Ihey had kept vigiln, fitting all itl^-ht before Midi 
iwnnou* in tlic churchcw. fur feur oi k.stjng n rfratn or 
place of bearing, c>r at the IcnRt, Hornc of their hand* 
anMi villing conulantly thei-e all nighr. till their/ ' 


treastH cumc to lake tt|> ibeir places and to rclicrc thcnr, 
su llint several, as I had it frcini very f^bcT nnd rrrdJ' 
blc men, uiiiler Umt religious fonfinetiienl^ were foroed 
Ui give way to thcisi- nnturni iicoiissitfcM which tlicy 
coulrl ntj longer cwiUiin. Those tliingi? will ecarra be 
believed^ but I rclati^ th^m upon llie credit of such aa 
knew tfaja to he irufh. N^r wore they sompuloiis to 
givv the CovetiaiLtt to ^uch as startled ut any point 
th^rrof, with such proteMn lions ii« in some mefmira 
were deBtructive to the s^iuse thereof, aa waa seen in 
sercral instances, jso that they got subscriptions enough 
iheriyiOfatid it cmiie to thut height* indeed^ that such Ets 
refused to MLbscribe wtre acconnled no better than Pi 
pisls. Such miutsters a§ dissuaded their people ft 
Buhhcriptionr <-itht-r hiid enough tnjo to nimntaiti tJiei 
selves in their parishes, (and though dftcnvards thej 
did subscribe, yet other quarrels were found to drive 
tliein froin their stations,) or, if not that, do or say what 
they p!rnMi-dp they wore held in suspicion nud nottni«t- 
eil. Although it hi.1 trnelhfliwimeiniriisterg, who were 
recusants At tirst> did aft^^rwarJs vie for zeal aiid ac* 
tivlty wkh the fimt subhiribents, — hy thia means bothS 
r*;tleini]in^ thdr delay of time, and rubhin^^ olT riU Hia-^ 
pieion fi'om i]iein9elvcs,^-others were force*! to flee and 
dettert their stations aitd j^lai-^e^t helu^' perHeeuteil by 
Ihcir parishioner^, especially such a^ hod hern active for 
the Uliihftits, aiu\ Uml heeu husty to n^nd or commend 
the ServicO'Book, or Uook ofCanoiis. Many luiuiHlerH 
at fir^t not being well satisfied, refused to subscribe, 
pretL^uiling K{!niple uf i^onHcieEKv, itnd ^lome fi^w, tut we 
nliall hear, were scruplml indeed. Other ministers, m 
othor irien likewise, IjojK'ful tliat tlie citufte tvuuld not 
j«-eviiil, rvfuaed to swear, fearing that the King and 
bishops would in the ejid be masters, and question 



that WON done- Some miniKtere who were concerned 
in thr biKhopfi, out of fnvihicjD, stow] out for a whUe, 
and vuflf-red G*er they wre atvare> fiiidiDg loo late to 
th^ir had rxperieiuv, ihut tlit bi^hoije, thdr prop, 
iFfrv nmuved Jr<^m than. It were a Joiigaome 
imtk t*> givr an nccoujtt of nil the paniculais. Mo^t 
^f tktjtr jMi-fAii^'f QTV frvJth in ihv mcmoriet t^f many 
new iivmg, who, ufltr some I'cw years, finding 
Ihr eflVcl* Dot iigrci.'aJjiL" to their espectation of what 
wax promised^ bccanie cold* aud reinitlfd of their for- 
tmr x<^h ji»d do! n few turned as liilter enemies to 
ibe Cuvetiaut as diey were al first forward frk-mia to 
ft, and died lighling Against it, or ^uJTered exemplaty 
ttraihE n|H>n senlToldB for opposing that wbicb oitce vo- 
Imtari])' they djd eijgaf>e thejnselves to maintain- All 
noUeiueo aiid gi^ntleiueu and others who were; wearied 
uf Uh? prcM-'tit gDVcmrnenl, and maUgned the Episcopal 
gnatOM*. readily enibracMl it. and moat part or aJl 
ihrfr follauYts hy their eminple. Miniatera who had 
ever been oppovitt* X<} the hl^hoph, and such ceremonies* 
«• King James bad ettablished, sobscrlbed witb the 
lint. aiMl by ilw-ir exaioph'S druw dtber most part of 
ibeir |wriftlMt, or all cjf them after them. Such minifi- 
tcrw a4 rdvtcd, tliey M>lc pnias to win over to their aide 
byaUurement^ and diT^piite. — If they were men otberwiae 
pioua. or painful Ju their calling, or learned, — but ifthcy 
ktM-w tbem to be faulty, then the)" were brought over 
witb tfarralf, and terror of church ceu^ut'^fr. Such mi- 
Miat^mforawbflcatood oiu <iJI tbey saw no »}ielter else- 
wberv, and tbeti tberv were uf thrm wlu^ were glad tu 
flee into tlie Covenant aM a sanctuary; (instances of such 
might bu givei^, but 1 forbear to rub upon Ibe vrimeii 
oftucbwboare removed, and gone to their place, ] some 
yri liriag, and known to hnvc come over njmn that ac- 
count. Finally the f^-ar^ of the more Eealou8 profeaaor^ 



lb«i rvJigiMi wwi in hftuinl, the fnrliouH Apirito ofcHlter^ 
ei^ainplr. allurvrnvJiU, tiirviUH, ttfrront, brougUt over iba 
multittiilr, Tlie non'«ubfcribeiiU an the other part 
might Ex.- rcdon^ vitlitr to, 1. PopiKts^ for it trasde* 
structivc to thtir pcofawlon : £- such as would not en- 
gafCv fur <li8plvQ!iiii|f tbi- King, as hohlliig tbeir pluCA 
dfJujn, orlbosr who by Uieir refusal of tb« Covenant 
Choo^t otic day to plead merit and rewurd at llie 
Kiiifi:*s liaDct, wilbout any fortJifrnim or rcB«on, being 
otbenvayH not couctroed in tlie matter of rcllgiom ; 
others \«xrc Don-siibscrlbenis, as being Liuhati^lied tlul 
tli« LYmnQnie^ of tlxe church of England, Perth arti- 
dca. and Kpiscopacy, flhotild be abjured 4rs popery, they 
being ulremly e^tuhliehed ; others qtiam-ikd both with 
tbe abjuring of these things for their tnatten an ohm for 
tlie formality of the oath, and refused co aerept of ilt — 
■■ iiraaed witlioitt and coutmry ta atitJiurity, without 
Dtrwritj'^ — or for all these causes together Albeit 
snfasrrfptiori of the Covi^nant waa 4-Qrrled on, as to 
iitultitiutcp in short space, yet ihls was hut a declar-J 
ing of men's party who before were praetined u|}00» 
had fnlly discovered IheDii^elves, nor were they no in- 
considerate as to fall a subacribiug it publicly till they 
were Hure, umlerharul, uf the ^n^aiest part of tbe kin^* 
doia, who, for their poH'er and number, might be abhr to 
bear don'n nil their opposcrs. Nor were rmrttrh/rud lU-r^M 
sMrances uantbtf^frmH ^j^^/rf/irAfor wiiliuiii tJiai, there ^^ 
bad been as riinuy opposer^ as might have remlere<l ihe ^^ 
gamchtvA^rdow^ nnd de^cifite enough, Asthcydid^ 
euGOuruffL' tbeui to dei'lure ibeniKeltcH, nu it did quick* 
ly let all be seen who were either a^ninvt them upon 
tljeirowu private account, (thcHC ucrealt iJie Pj^ii^^ts) 
or micU aa wouUl uwu tbe King*« authority, wliieh was 
now beginning to red in Scotland. Ho that now Ijtey 


br^n to \tv (tiHtiiigiiinh(HJ Tiy tliverH immea, as weJJ lut 

Eactiom, — Pr^^tcsUntt nnd Papists, who were oon-»ul> 

KtmbetilA, were put nil in onp pre^Ucnrntmt, and paHikI 

Baoli nr tioii-^^i-eiiaDl^.^. anil all ihe siib&cribvnta were 

VnlM CovrNANTT-HS, wliic-h niimpsflflerwaril chnngti! 

Jolo o4hen eqiiivalont, oe thi' face (tf nii'am nliereiU^ 

I Thin mimilt-'conlcmiHintry arcouiit. of ihemadiinery 
td Ihtf Covonaitt, iH innrr worthy of I'rnllt tlinit the 
nany valine ^ncozDium« bo^towoO upon it by l\imt^ wri< 
tcr* nJio are imKiuuK tu ftivesi a deinix-ralii^I rcvohi- 

iliOD with a Mcrrd thflrnclcri The following senteocefi 
of a k»IC<T fnim Mr IJavId MiU-hel), one of the perae- 
ctilnl miutat^-r^uf EUiuhur^ii, luDr JoIijl Lesly, Bishop 
of Raptioc, afTonl n cunoitv con^rni'^tion of the record 
ct tlM paiMn of Kothrmny, " The greater part of the 
IciagdciDi bare taubHiTjbtHl, nud the rent uiv ilaily eub- 
stribinff n eortmanf.. It ift tbc (uitb of the King's house 

IlWO, wtlli xtranfft m/iiitiom, a inutiinl conibinotion 
for r«ia:uice «f all ngvaiions iu religion, doctrine, and 
dificipJinr^ utid ritrv of worship that bavc beini brougijt 
in DOC* tbal tinic* ; so ait if thir k^a^t of the stibBcHbenf 
be loucfaed, — and tl^ere be aomeof tlieiii not (et t/vara ^f 
nfff, mulmm^f ttat worth trropfiNn%* — that nil Hhall con* 
cur for their defence^ and for tho expulsion of all Pa- 
pitbond adversarieii, (that i*, aU thatwilf not suhcriftet) 
out of the church nnd kiny[driiii, ac'eordii^g to the laws, 
whetvufuEi IrtiTkdrvd me tiled in the ohurU-r Thin 
gow od apace* TJie true ptistorir are brought into Edin- 
biirgb to cry out ngnin^it ufi wolvrtr^ and thry, with our 

I, Id ihe CbuiivlbVjalWtb«tiinintt^nn cbus— "K'nbj yovt 
'btunbljrdko*^ nin«iD,n<MHP,bnili-Arffii'ff«. anU ■•rvuili^life* 




^fONTHOHB 4XD THE covHsalarKlfci 

hrt'lhrm hrrr, Mr Andri'w Ranii^a)^, Mr llc^nry PoU 
loc'k, and your whiltomo frj«iid Ihv Priucipal, [Ailaii»« 
soil] csyins; out that tbey ore ndihtr iroud Christbnsl 
nor good MJl^jcrtn, th^it i\t> uul aubbi-rjU\ nay, uor ia- 
covcnant witb God, have made us so odjoiit tAfU itt 
tittre not f^ oa the nlreelH. I havH \kv\\ ilu^^nl by 
feuiiiL' ^iiUrrnt^iu aud followed wilh maiiy iEiumbl<^ 
thrt'niitittgK behind my bacJ(, oiid tlir^i u-hc-n in stairs, 

oh'* let 1 ttiuiik Uod i a[n iiviug 
the King, nrid tbr cburrh, and your l^irdrihip. Vmir 
cbief [Itothee] is cbief lit tbii buMiiegs. Tiu're ih ijur] 
thinff «xpeclcd bere but tivil war," 

in^ntitLDgK behind my bacJ(, and tlir^i u-hc-n in stairs, ii 
rw*/* tirawti, and ' jf thvif hmi fhc Papist vUttiiit^^^ 
p,'* Vet I tbuiik God J arn liviug ly t*er\'c Gwl und | 

TheHe ai'e not tbe only con I em par .iry sourcea Tnini' 
wllicli it can be provi^d tbut the viewn of tlnt*e wriu-rs ^^ 
1^10 inniiitain that a nriJiniiiimiKj ^pont^inrous, piou^^f 
and patriotic impulse ^A\v L^irtb to Xhv Covenatit* «k 

baaclesa aTid rlknpsodical.f Hut even hud tlint political 


bu* ^xj'FvMvul I'll «i>n» uf t^v vnTiii' *^^ %irQktt in inaktDiE ft CavL'UUtvr. 
** D. Muriiii (iju •!<)'*) rihcf Ai'ii ifruAct, i> aiaoug^t tbv IWiflUlHil in our 
moctinj:^" Moiito hml I)i.'i:d Donrly giunud to deailit by tbu wttmc^ <A 
Kinj[ham, for hia fiU|ipoN<'Ll ulfixiflun towsr-Jr* Khu biihops. 

-f Thf^rvurv nin)e vm' nirifniJi iiml iimui-in^ ti^iirrA wriUrn in In3^, 
dUiiAtf Ttiv coTi*n4inli]>fr Imiinlt^, h^~ oiK? ^ij^nme hiinw^lf " Ji«n du Mil- 
l^"{«ud ubvii>o«Ey »iMrvvt4^-il <■> rlir Dukv ikri.i'.iuipv En t:jj^bmU friPiu 
ontof liUlnjUi^jIrold in SuoIIuekE, > piiJitinl by Luni Huilwf, In hU Tllalofl' 
nkl CdlU'criuiif, ficmi ihv irriginii!^ pri^vrviiil in \\iv A(tvf>m{«' Lilrrftry.- 
Th«y are vof y long und oLroinudtuniJEil. od'I ovIqcc Ln iJic wrltvr |pM-t 
pgUtflTptirtti, Ki^nf, mirt lnrriwiiLr. Niilhlag u;iL Ih-' u\(\Ti- romplrl*', in an' 
vpbilctlHry lorni, ihm\ "Ji^im 4'^ Mjirin't^V-rjUMif nf rhi- iirt« of intur^miuv 
lhaltKt|C<iltWCuVt.Tjiirit, lie hn^'^ ihiil iJii- Kin^'i tHhkwflrdiit-t* ru iak« 
utrun^ mc«^iUT<ik immnitt llio C'fivt-iiHiiriiiff ('(piuliiiiiLrmn, " mnk«4 uiany 
riniiliEfiil KliLatii.'' 1]« be HiLi|Hritrl 10 bnwL lliiiniiinv. nm| r^wul tbv wruni; 
whirh in tLunn l»^u tb^^r^jb^, in u true di-|<[vc- ui uot, a'hinh tr l/it rinf*4 
ihfil a ihnuiflnil imil :i tliuiiHiml iiri' i:»mu itt ivil^m tbuiiri[>filh»«nd*ufi-i 
rd till} umut whu cthi^rwitv lii>d rvidoublcdLy ^tood ouI(" uul. * if, 



jooTt-nieni i>ol bwii choi'acl^ri^ced by iht: lawless plut- 
ting of a iactioik to concuss Aiid terrify the lieges into 
thm wtbfourt It would ^till hnvc been biil a gi^nniit^ in- 
•UIICV of tliat failacJQua haruiouy oi patriuUc feeling 
wfaidt t^ M grupliic/UIy exposed hy Dr Johnson, in tra- 
cti^ the rJM^ imd |iragre«8 nf a fncUous p<:titiun miiltitu* 
diouuTvly M^foci^,* In the course of hiHuUinirable iiluatiEi- 
tionlirNiyi, — "'NumoMitret'aHily tDlk'Clfd: one mauaigns 
because he hatv* Xhc Pnpi«t«, unollicr beeause it will 
wvx thv |ttrv)n« one hccausi* he is rich, another because 
be 18 poor, cine lu Hbow tlmi he is not Hfruid, and at^- 
dUicT to tthev that he cm write/' And such, on a larger 
Kftle, wo^ tlx; patrioiUm of tbe Covenant. The graad 
national momntMit, tbe jK-'tiiteiit embntcr^, the tears, 
tbr nhoul^ of joy nntitteruhU^ t}ie promised Jiupes, uU 
that Mr Brodie bas so imposingly crowded into his 
beau ideal of tbiit revolutionary charter, was l>ut the 
BcditiouK ogitMion, the false excitement, the seiLSi-le^a 
damooTr niul the lawless viohnee. of Hh day^ " Tbe 
pttna^i bowevpr," cuntiuiit^ Dr Jabneon, la the ce- 
Ubrated |)o1tlical essay to wlucb »c have referreil. — 
•' is not nlH-nys wuioolh. Those wbo culJeet ronlribn- 

)ou kciaw whmi «U1, udcuiiEli tad i&rlJfruLoiu oounot llir^ luv fci ilraw 
bni||fiaTuii fnol*, ffArfnl tffti*r<K wMiu^n jinJ }«yys t ■'">> hnMly ity 
■Atth ar U vuuldlffonlUfMajvarvnioii'-irraminrtf ltti]|-hln or Jin^vri" 
•BdUDCbK (ithur ib«lziicti^« illui-E-inliuuh i^nubiuivil in Umu Iwllur* !■ 
Ihc fbllt'Wiiig : " Yon may iinlfc^* wlji>ihvr wv whn baiv noL •ubcuribed 
«h* (.'dnttoor arc In fu gooii] liklnirj when *io insotent ctovtriuii ]fDpl>f, 
fifHrrt' whoHiwift U k i^TiT uf ogf Hu^rLET^ (whriv cWpfprlmitiiE fhr 
■■Bv r**(r«U ] n]cn4 miHl nf nny imin • in Ihtii r^tinEy,JnrKl vtUu tfut- 
ifla Unfair a* bi* Juiul I'vmoLJMJuiKrr fvi tUl* iliktj ilur?*! Ik.< m ji4tt 
m to OVOW dowa id uur diimTb. xiuf Tlivrti >VdnK lu>» fuw wuru Uk*> to 
coocttrwilb ibcm, lay, Ibftl bo 4rttr'tt ^ut thfn-imiit uftUmu who ihould 
Rte» U MUiaalbfl^ vrith u D<il4 of ll^cir wuriLk L^t lueuiik ur vrhurwiHOi, 
Mkd Iff f^^ii flioiw tfA M^U ofiiff foith rAcm,"— <>ri|ciniJ MS. AiEvix^tn' 


tioDs in aeilitiou ?iciiiit*liiii(^A ^Vl^}' ^^* *^ ii^u>> ^^ higbci 
TRiik. and more enltghtaiccl mind. trbo. imtUftd of lend* 
iijjf thitn his immei rnlmjy rcpmivr-^ them for beioj; se^^ 
duccTs of Uie peyple/' WtnUU, Ihal, in pursuing ih^^ 
jkamlUfJ, we tnighl cUiUu tJjto lofty pMitiou for Mon- 
troM. But, mlihnagh t^itn'mly not of Uk fnclion wlii 
secretly orgnni/cil an<l propoUod tlic inoi'tmritu Moi 
Iroee was i<arrii.'d by ilii? arts of itLMirgeiic)", and, 
for a Liinv, ddudcd Mkc niauy qUivcs. TIutv is one no- 
blcmnn, however, in wlioin thV paraUcl is su&tatneil. 
HPi U'bo ** iii&U^:id (jT ieiiiliiig ihrJii JiU iioincv vnliuly 
reprovc^d them for being seducers of the propio," w&i 
(rnirgv. Gurduu, Mar(|uis cf Hunlly, ihc-eolltory nobJe< 
niaii who, frojn the lir^L juomtTut of tbe ruvt-miulii 
esfciteiuent, uevt-r he-sitatcd in his detenniued loyatlfj 
jilthoiighf unfortnuatrly, bis means of n^^ijittng 
Kiug w&rc ijot )i] proportion to hh iadiuatioD. 

Huntly. whose *?nriy distinction in Frnnce n-c bavfl] 
nJr4^ady nr»liet<], hud t*cen reiu-(?il at the Court of Eng- 
Joiid with Prince lleury, auii Churks then DuJce oi^^ 
Vork, and, uiidrr tbe suptTinteTidetiee of King Jam«fl,^| 
(whij liud found the lavk of protecting hi« fatber* the 
popif^b Eorl, neither easy tkor sufc) was lostructifd in 
the prute^taiil doctrines of the church of Englnud-^ 
l'hu» the reputation of tli« old EnrI, and hj« own epU-fl 
copal eriucntion, fnnde it cnsy forthc prc»bylerian patty 
to lienouuce Ilunlly as a papist, wheni^ver Ue prtsaim-j 
cd to l^viTlce hia loyalty. Thi^ nobleman waa, tnoro'j 
over, Miueb embarrassed in bis eireum stances, having; 
contracted debts* to tbe amount of about a hundred' 
thouiiaud pound;^ Sterling, in keepSng tip bis military 
rUite nhniud during tbe lifetime of bis father Tha 
Covcnaniere made one attempt to bring over Huut!/,i 
by merccnury oJfers, before it fell to the Jot of Munlrwifr 


to nMleaTottr the conver^jon of the uorlli vel arU vel 
marif. Th«re hud kiely returned from tlie Gcnnan 
warn CdIqocI lti>h^t Moiiro^ allcirtiinlh couspit^u- 
oas ftB A covcntnting cri mm under, n'ho hfl<l E«rved 
uMler Oustaws AiloJphuM. Hv is dracribed ur^ a fi-'ur- 
\em uid five vpoken rtoldier. of fiume powen of ud- 
drco, n-bo l]»d beern at the Court oF England, where, 
it H Niid, hi; ^'ua filighted and had retired in dis* 
gtttt TbiB cffieer suggested to the Earl of Itothes the 
j^ruU ftdvuuuige uf urquiriiig Huntlyfor ainilitory lua- 
dcr,Bi>doflcrcd himself as an sLgentlo negotiate thct ^v^\' 
cat0 pro)»onr Chained accordingly \iiUi n i^mmJasion 
to llMt effect, Colouei Monroset out for HuiiUy^ pluue 
of Stntlibo|n<% w}iefie the Earl received hjm n* no old 
ftMtipnninD m tirmsiuid prer^ently^ whtir they w<to wjilk- 
io^ iOfjeilHT in bib garddi. was insulted hy Lia ^'uest, 
vritb the temptation in these tt-^rma : ** Itis«" ahJU tlie 
CoJcmcl," iny love and duty towards you auO your boose, 
that hare induced mc to come wiUi a proposal which 
1 iatnnt you to take under your tnenous ciinttidtTutioji. 
There is avw so &lroDg a party combiued against the 
King, tbnl whov^ver Khtdl attempt to rnise a |)Arty in hi;? 
bifliur will liiid thrmE<?Ivea in the pro|H)rtlou of one to a 
Itvodrrd. I am commiwioned, on tlie other hand, to ofTer 
you tkeCotrrtaittt and to Hay Lljut, if il|ileu»wyoutiJ^ii'e 
in four adherence to that party, you will be cho»cn for 
itftlesdcr, and your fortunes rosiored ; )>ut ff you Ue» 
tenaine to adhere to the Kiug» and oppoae the Cove* 
uant, roeaiu will be taken to render your a^*I*tance to 
liin Majehty toI/iUy inetrectuah yoixrsL'tf uilJ he mined, 
umI your hou»« sink under ics load of a hundred thou* 
sawl pounds of dcrbt."* Th<^' manuscript from which 
tbfli aaeeduti' i> derived, doea not proceed to nay Umt 

* Jung* (iufduji'i N&- 
TOL. r. I, 



HtkTitly hArHcil nvcr h\s guvst to i}w " hnr\gtr\nn 
SLmUt^k-,*^ but ihal the Colonel, bnvinf- ilelivrred h\ 
h^rAiigucsiJ Q^io improBAtTic Hnrl with n feeling thstll 
WU8 nl IvaKt n»t iiirutit un uji iustUl. n-cuivnl tiki^>!tort 
aiid i-rtolule reply : " My hmiMV'itnid fliititly, "hn* riwa 
bjr the- KiiLgFi of HcotlniuU ha« i-vcr »lood for t Jiein. luiil 
with tlicin ±ha]l fall : iicn- will I quit thv path uf tay 
predecessors ; tixid if tliv evt-rit be- tbt' niin «f my Sova- 
rol^i, tbcfi bball the nibbJHh of liix hoUHc biLry Ikoiiealh 
it ull thai belotkgs to mine." It is added that Iluotly 
went hi^ Miijrsty nu aevinmi of Ibis proposal, in order in 
put liini on }ii» guard. Thus it l>ei:amc the great obj^l 
of the Covcnniiters lo destroy Huutly, nnd to reTOlu* , 
tiuiiijse DitT diatrict over wbicb his layu} iiifliu-ncv, i^M 
conjunction with the enligltttn^ learning of Abcrd««ii, 
prcvaUni npiinst i\\r arte «!' itiBur^unt-y. Tbc noblc- 
lami wJiuiu Ihvy selected to ficcomplJBb this iui|KjrtQut 
end wiw MoDtTOW. 

■ ^JuDca GrMT cunc with tniir nnd himhi^^Up) to fhr^cunlar 

^ngiif LjfHin t^D lentil c>f A|iTl]f l^'IO; hud, hi.- vhiifKv» i-Hiiir Co fbp hu^ 
iiiiiii\ hf>ii«r. hihI cmvMl tfjinv mt^nL Bur lie k.Utf.w lint ibbl il wm iIm 



^MA^T%f^'t rrmtr ruit to ahiadieiv ii rovuiiiiainB rnau Tim 

It waw imiiwiliately before Muiitrom?'s first trxpedi- 
lioo to cbe north that thrr Marquis of FTamUton arriFed 
IB Scotland, invt^h^ with mithorjlypu^ tlieKin^'i^ Cum- 
vMooer. tOi«1tte that unhappy yjelding 
a* much a^, uiidrr ihi- drrumt>tQij<.-<-s, it was possible for 
■ Kinig to yield* Tht^ Marquis's mother wse well known 
tob^A seaknis Covooantcr ; bul HnmillonVJuteut jon« lu- 
iriHst ** the cutiae'' wltl- yi?l a inyxtLTV, and probably not 
WbKoluU^Iy dcicrriiineJ in hi^ own brt^ost. It U'as arruit^- 
ed, by th^^ factionUts, firKl lo mortify the Commissioner 
witbsiudirO iicfvlect, ujid then loaJano tiim by nieant; of 
■n JiD]n*iiig dccnoriitttaEiou of " the majesty of tbo |)co- 
pjfr.** Hjuoilton hml wntti*ii 1o the whole nobjlfty, and 
gcotiy of OOtfii to iii««t him At Haddington, and Jimny 
^ would fE^B^Iy ^A^ ^'^^ ^1"" that honour, but. for nc- 
reivL n-UKjtiK. it u-nx dt^cnTil ibat none of the snbncrib- 
«ni <of the Co^'cnODt,) do not of his nearest fricndn und 
Va«il«, Hbonhl gi>'^'* If, ns there are grf>und!< for pre* 
mmtDgt A vii^ion of the Crown of Seotlmid being tran!«> 
fcTTVd to hie own bend had long secretly pre-«nteil it* 
telf to Hamilton, thm iinloohed for mark ofdiHn-Hpcct 
coutd not bsEve been wry ngreeabW, anil, aoconi- 




JDgty, wht^i] Lomlunniiil Liticlsiiy mi?t him with rxciiSM 
fi-om (be rest of ihe arifitocrncy, be wa* to bigbly o^ 
fcmlrti QA to W on ilie ptijiit of f ui'iiiiig bis bor8i« b^adi 
back ftgain to Court- But Rothtrs, — the cffitffyRotb**^— 
" having communed eonie iwo or ihn*t' hours wiUj hiiu 
in DnlkfilJi, !if;j|M.'».itM] aiid removt^d his luihtAkingfw"* 
It waa on the Hih of JutK- iG^Jti, lUut ETamUtOQ inad« 
>iiH vicij-rcgnl progrrns from Dnlkclth (o Holyraod 
Ifmisr, by MuKsi'lbur^li Jiml LcJth* " In his v-nUy, 1 
think at Leith (*ayj Bailli*^) as much honour wm% done 
unto him, us ever to n King iii our cuiuitry. Hujcv 
multitudes, ^s ever was gfllher^ on that lic!d> vet ibcin- 
selvo? iiL bi&way. Xob]es.gieiitry of allshircs^ vyub^jv. 
IT urrriil ! Uic towu of Edinburgh sll iit th<- ^^'^U;rKttlla 
But we were most couspinious in our l>lM:k do«kf, 
abov« live hundred on a brne-sMc, in ihc links nJoiUv 
lor htti .tight ; wt? bad appointed Mr Wdliaiu LiYini^ 
alOQ, thr strongest in voice and ainrUTeii in tovnt^ 
nance ^tu all^ to nfake hiui a sbui't wefcome^" 1'bis 
last cunipJinjc'jil, however, the Conitniasioner^ who bad 
obtiiitiid A timely hint of the prf>hnb]i- nutiifv of »ucb 
covtroanling weJe<»met begged tc» de^riinu, aud it wa& hc- 
atowed upon bini afierwrards iu private. Airecdy did 
Hnruilton miopt thut syst<*iEi of duplicity* in negotiat- 
ing bftwixt the Kiu^ and his rcbclhous subjects, wbkfa 
evt^ntunlly paralysed the loy a) struggles botii of HiiDtJy 
find Moutrose. " The Marquis, in Lhe way, waa ujuch 
moved to |iity, even to tears ; he professed thereafter 
bin dt'uire lo h;ivc hnd King Ch.'jrlt^^ prcst^nt at that 
sight of the ivhoi^ coktUry ao earnestly and humbly cry* 
ing for the safety of their liberties and religion/'f Odc of 
the luoet cljaracteristic oijeeiloteeN, htt^ever, of that cele- 


t >e>id. 



bnted profr^^eas ie Ibc folluwiug, which we exlraci from 
James Gufidoo'd manuscript : '* At thU meeting betwixt 
Uw CwnmiMiotJcr and tho m]nJ8t(?rs, there pnnM'd n 
rMmmnter, wbicb, iliou^-h related upon the by, may 
f^W matter of Jaaghler to some in a serious bii^inoMi. 
The Cotniziif^ciier, iKi^n^ by tlte<^mw<l of the ni illi- 
citly, wbo wore there waiting on his entry* did re-sfilute 
Ibvm in m very r<^A|Ji-clfid maimer, who were all niak' 
ing curtaka to hit grace. At tliirs time he, luoidng 
mpau thrrii n-ith n smiling coiiDtcnanre, R'penti^d the 
worda of MaUbevv v. 13,* in Lutin, tux Ktttin irttl terrrs. 
A piinUl^r, not far distant, who could uot distinctly 
bear what t!ir ('p[inmi<ivicmi'r sfmke, quoi^tlons nnotlii'r 
Biiaillcr, who wa^ nearer, u\Hin the Connnihsii^uei'^^ 
tforda. wIm>. wittingly, instead of whut the CoinrnivaioTi- 
erhad npukcn, told him, ' Hrotber, the Commissi oner 
md, if u ic^ »rAo maJte ati the icaii mfL' aliuding to a 
Scoilfc*h pnfverh, u-Ini'h in usually Fj^oken when nriy 
thing in »aid to m.-tr or itnflU> on actioj]» or to make mia- 
takct, Tli^re wma io much of salttrulh in Uie ]\}»i that 
h wan by many taken notice of, Ihongli tvhat sense the 
CointoiMiiouer apokc it in is ujiftHomtr 

dcarct^ly bad Hamilton l»ren a month in Hcotlmtd, 
vb«Q •□ indd«Dt occurred which first nM'tdctncd th^r 
ID^rfciona of Montrose that the excitement »1 tin? times, 
«OtlM«lbJret i>f Kf'ii^Jmi and LIlH^riitK, was taken ad* 
TautMgie cf, for other pnrpo»cF> by traitor* too near the 
tbronr. Alontrmc had Ixt-n selected, nhjng with Kutht^H 
and Londoi}, to treat, on the part of the CovcnantcrM, 
wilh thv Boyul Cumniis^iuni^r during that rcvoliUlon- 

* ' Va ■■« iha vdi of dtv TArlh: but if tbniidt Eiavu liAt hiiAvimr 
*fcnw4ik itall it b*«lt*d>' it in thitnivfnrth f^ao^ Air nntbkn^, but to 
fcB««MoMaadiobottDdd«n uDdvr luot of mvQi ' 



fmingto the pecuiiar manftgrnicnt «f Hsmllttxi, m 
ra^^ed att fiercely an cvvr. After oue of ttit^e diagract- 
ful Hcrjit-f It wfw, thnt MoiitroHi*, Rotlit^, unci Loudon^ 
nith thrjr rcveremi ft('itatoi>J, Altsvre H>;ii4lcr«oT], iMdc* 
Bon, ajid CajiU bciuff udiiiilled to an audicDco of ih^i 
CoiniQiaHSuuer, in prti^eiice of the Privy^CmiodL l>l^| 
Gnii», ut tho v\<yf€ of tli^ir conference, r<-r|Uoititi^ tlie 
CDUtLcillors Co remaiD in the audience chnmbcr> accoiQ' 
jjanlul ihi- (IriJutution ilimugii t)io n^yal apartiDmlfl !■ 
Holy rood hoiitr, till they arrived at the grent gftlieryiH 
whi^ir, Irn'ling ihcm into n comer, he itddrt-*^rrl lL(.*ip 
ronfidi'iiliall)' m iLest* reiniiikabltr uurds : " My Lords 
Aiiil Gciiiltnit'ii, I spoke to you befi^re iboso Lorxls of^ 
('oiinHI n<* Ihr Kiii^'n Cumin isaio nrr ; now Ihun- bt-iti 
Donc pre»CDtbul yourfrelves, I qieok to you n% a kindl] 
Scotsman. If you ^'o od with courage nmt nwJuJitm- 
you in// carry ttftaf t/im phimt'., but if y*>M itdixi, fOKl. 
fi-r*r grotind in the length yort wre nmlont.^-a tcf^rd 
ettott^ tu it'i/fe /H^n." Thii^ story, if i( be tniv, » ch 
eivc of tlie ihuractt^r uf Haiuillun. Uhd that ft b Ira^' 
neither the fijrect evidrricr oHcn**! in ?tii|>|xjrt of it, nor 
i\\e remarkable eonfinufiLton allordv-d by cvi*Ty Uiiiig 
that can hti aefcertuiued of the conduct nnd chArnctcr of 
thnt, Krjrte&nmn, ponnit uk to doubt,' li inrewrded by 
13i»<hop Gulbi'jc (then niioUter of SUHing) who, after 
tl&rrnting thus cIrrunislDTilinlly Ihi- iJmr, ptuce, und oc- 
caeioQi with the particular words uttered, jiroccecU to 
Mippoi't hiB stotcmcnl by what ho mils, *' my wnTTants 
for wh;it J have w^l down/' !• Ou the tame day tluil 


■ rh Cnnk hna aniy noticed IhU (Ui«>doto b h tiulv, lulDllgwii 

'^t^iithHo. in hih Mi^mnSrs p, ;14, S^ nKurilh n ^puclIj iu ium\v by 
lull, ^vliiiJi, a jtcifciiinCf woiitit plHrphU trtflitliOTy bi7ond u doubt i 
wtMluEii'u -nr fii* lini'iDjr apitUL^n If U nnictttitliiMrriiLsd Biinwl bto JHli^ 


ihr donfemicr occurred, Mr Oiuit, one of thi; tlepiiU- 
tioa, tcLd tliU cxtroonlinary itory to Dr Guild, who tht* 
Bc^xt morning jvjH'atitl it to Mr David l)alglc)8ljr minj- 
Uer at Coupjir, Mr Itobcrt Knox, iiiiui&tc^r at Kflso, and 
to Hciiry (Juthrie liiiust-lf. 3. On the cveniii): of llii? 
dfty tlint Gutbrie heard thin frum Dr Guild, " ttic ttnid 
Henry (»y« the liUhop of himself) bemg tliai ni^ht 
Willi ihir i'Mtrrl t^f MontroMC at supper, his Lur<lnhip 
drcvr him to a vriudou'. and there told him, in the very 
jajHtf- ^!i-rm Dr Guild Imd n.<;iorti?d ittoliim, Fidding, 
tlul it wrought an imprfjifrion, that my Lord HaniiUon 
mi|fht Sntoml by ihia hunlnesa to whance his design,^ 
but Uuit be xruuld fiuhptud bisJLjd^im-riL u^til lie saw 
farther. «ail in the iTieaiitiine look more narrow to his 
walldiig.' Tln^rnrmies of Montrose nre precluded from 
tJ>e arL^miHOt lltat Bishop Gulhne hud beeu iioposfd 
npon b}' a I'aL^* state mint of thiit nohle^naiJ toprejudico 
hi» rivml, for Mr Cant, uIko j»ref^eiit when Hamilton, a» 
alLrgcdr so aildrcwMMl thr deputation, hnd made the very 
same luntttMO iirKviou^ly lo l>r Guild. It jermiina 
tbeti to defoDd Hamilton by &uppo»iug that his wurda 
had been iniTtiindentuud. or that the whole story, with 
its allr^tfd iiroofv, ut u drenmslaiiLiEd fulsehooii, deiibo- 
rmtely rernrded in bin elosethy Bishop fiiUhrie. f f^"<'h 
riolrrit bUppoviliona, however, are rendered deapei'nte 
by the Conduct of HarnUtoa hJinaetf, as Hubbeqnently 

* i «. Ob llir Cru%«'D «f ScoUnnd, 

t Mf D'l>ructi uuiii'h-k (bi* ■ulh.''Jufl^ ntfiiJii*! lliiEudLuu, buiI liJ^^plii \t 
b«lli« ^AB aUiIv] tbvvviLLuuGVUUCUurktvl^- Uv kayn, — '' iIiik rvLJiukublu 
i—uiMri<w b glTQii by Bfiht^ Gatb/y, wbo M Ibc tamo time fumidli- 
m hfa xlhnHUafc The amc nory hmt rtathed Montrtxw \uX\U3 rumtL 
■mh* rn^iffiirfif 011 '&« ^^T'^ 'm'f Ar i^ o/ OiUirb« L Vi\\. i] , 
nv. ThlftMtikal vrilf<F nHi-mK not lo hbvc bcva •<*»« Ebat Uunlllon bU 
dnMl lk« apMrh tu .Ifvnmiu A^nif^, vha rapiaiad h frttm hU o^h 

.in* M 



diKloseil. \Vlmt«vi*r mij^ht hm liia uiterior olijtfCtM, Aud , 

whether li« wtm iiwaycd ot the time by wllwli atid vaH^| 

cillatiiig tiimdity, or & deeply ploltlni; Biobitioii, ihtn b^ 

BO Joubi tljat he was Acting a doubli* in^rt. rtiinoufl to 

his King' ami country, (ind moU <HKrrcililntiJr to hiin* 

wJf. We leam from Bflillie, tbat H^mUton m«t Uiv H'd 


■yinjKilliy, t^iat rvenshowLsJ ituHf in tmra, mid thai 

lAUieniedtbe King liiiniH'irwni»iKrtthftn'to Iw4<<lified and ii 

«ubf]iin] in hcort, hy the " hunible rryifijf" of thr pg^j 

triolic niulltludt- " HU GrutVei roiiiitt^iiaiK'e ami car- 

rTngo»" Bays B:iUUc. " was *o coiirtPOUB, ntid his pn^€ 

9petvheji Uituir^ tlint wrwcrringLXKllitifh-sfor Atuiit? dayv 

to obt4iiD all our deBir««." A f«w moDthe aftfnrnridR, 

HiuniT rhroniclerp iu hid a^'count of tho memorable^ 

setikbfy of JtfaS, favcmrs uh with tbin portnul of 

Counniisfiionpr: *'I lake lli^mnntobeof axbarp, rendy, 

Bolid» clear vi-tt, — of abraveaitd niagt^rty cxprrfi&ioDt— > 

loud, difititict, fiJow, (a\U y«t conciMe, inode&f, courtly, 

yet xiinple nnd Daturnl Inn^mgc. If Ui'« Kiu^ haVQ 

tiirmy »\kU men he U a wHl ^jrrvi-ii priucr. My 

thoughts of llie man wcrt hard and (>it9e, Bui n rffty 

or /tro'ff audicncf wrought my mtnrt to n ffrcaf cAangt^ 

towarfU ftitrit wliidi yet remains and c^tt will, till his 

deeds be notoriously cvih" So writrs our prn^^frating 

CovciinnUT in 1638; but In LhefoUu\ruig year, at Ui« 

treaty of Berwick, wc tind him agaiu at fault io hin at« 

tfiupts to fathom iyi{: xerpvntiHt' fuvoiirilti : " TbeMnr* 

^\\\*V' why» WL^rp au untiMgtfous ihtttno mau uadrriiood 

ihn» ouly hie ahuoluU: fxaver with tftf A'ln^ was oft 

Uierv clearly seen," Now at the vtry period wbeu 

Hamiltim felt, ur aAWrled, «ticb melting lytiipntby for bia 

ftdltio^ia couTifryitieii, he ivak corrtfitxJiiHLiig with bia 

roynl /nneter, in tcrmtt irjtvitably catciUated to Impel 


llw peaceful and griirr^juts bul hasty nionarcb, iuto 
koKHlr rxpnwiiuiifi and proj^cU* which HamtUou him* 
■elf bad priMiclcnniiK'd hIiouIJ jvrocecd no farther than 
jnit to coini>roini8« tiic honour of tlie Kin^;, ami nggra- 
vmm the diaaflfeeUon of S<x)U3Dd. Duruet tcUg ua iu 
|>cDcral IcTTm;, without pradueiug the li- iters, that, soon 
•Iter biMUrstcv had orrivni in tkoUuiid, bo irau»<in]ttwl 
to tb« Ksuf? a lic-tnilvd dccoiint of the state i^faiTairs; he 
Advif^ hiin to \^rnnou Jtcrwick witli 1500 iiion, and 
CariiaJo with 5TO. a»id lo follow ui> tliese ordci-s vjgtn 
rtrtifily in pprson, at the houdofa brave nrmy, which, if 
tbeinatierwere well nifinngtHl, wouJd be crowiitHl with 
Tictojy. HamUwn addtd. howovtr, a caution, c;ilcul:ited 
to ininglo d<iitlit uml wt'ukia'ss witli the vigorous niea- 
bUivH he provoked, — '* h^ rc-preacuted witiiul, {anys Hiir- 
Dct) thai bU Majesty would consid<?r how fur in his 
wMom bu would cotiiiivt; at thv litaduesa <>{ his own 
poor people, or bow fariii justice be would punish their 
fbllyt aasurini^ him tbcir present madness wuh Huch thut 
wMhiug hut forc« would make tbem quit their Oovc- 
nml, and liiat tliry woold all lay down their hvca eVr 
Umjp would give itii|K" That. notwilhhtaiidiii|»his cro-> 
codile tears, and " hiK privntc apc«chea so fair" iu 8rot- 
bnd, UatuUuiu, while he acted ^u equivoujlly thi-rr, 
Iwd done b» utmost to ia/liime the King, Jiud tii;it bav- 
iag done iliiis b(? coutiaiuiU)' rb(H!Jcril thn spirit he had 
nwoed, and thus orc^iKioni'd that contradictory puUcy 
wfaicb bas bevti solely nttrihiiicd to want of sincerity in 
C3Hrh*9^— ^1 tbih luay bv ;;uther«l t-vj-u from tl^r vi*ry 
partial vkw of tlic (.orTc^poiideiice with which Jiuntet 

Idiose to favour tlic public. Jt i» impotsibk, then, uu- 
dcr al) the circura^t^nci^-t. to doubt tlit^ truth of the 
^ aBecd4)«r which itLiliui> (luthne has rt^rord^^. 
1 That attbiNlbvnvcondnicetitigofUaBiiltoii and Mou- 



troee, lujother instfince of xhtr duplicity of tlir formi 
should havecHTL-urred, Bu&iiujJar UilUaL ^'liithhaildrivi 
Muritrosefrom Court, tsrtomcwhat rvmarkaMts mid rnii 
our cuj-iifaity ti> know in what ni.injK'r Ihp wiJy commW' 
sioiwT wasal tins same time spc^IeiDgorMoDtrofieUi tlie 
King. Now of this we h^ppi^ii to be informal by a \HXvr 
fromth^^ Marquis to hissovereip^ii. dn1<^117tb XoveinbiT 
10S8, wJikli, thdugh Jtupprffised by litint<!t, ht» been 
|>re»4f-i]led Ui tlie world in lUat very v.-tliiahk willeelioii, i 
the Hnrdwioki.^ State Pnpcrs.* f tj this letter, hift Gnc^H 
cuiTiiiit^iilHU^mlheCuvetiaiiters jnaiun^rier tbutwoiild 
have pvtrifird tlieir deluded cbronider JJaillie. " It j« 
inorr thiui pnibnlifr," besn)% " (but thi-Mi- people bAV« 
sumvwhat elee m tbeir thought than religjuu ; but iJmt 
miifit serve for a eloak to rebellion, wherein for a time 
tlu^y niity jircvriil, but tcj vmke /hfM miMfmhit', ond 
bnnff thfc'in ngaln to a dutiful obediente, I am con^deut 
your Moje^ty will not find it a work of long tiJiK% no^H 
of gre-nt ditbcuUy a& they have fooUfthlyfaiided to them- 
velve^/^ And of the leading Coveiinjitors ht.-tbu6«pefilca;^H 
" Now, for the Coven ant ere, I shall only say lliis, In ge^^l 
nexul Uiey tuny all be placed in cue roll, as they lioir 
standi But certuiidy, Hir, lbo8e tbul have [»olb brotich* 
fd ibe businesSii am! still hold it aloft, are Hollies, Bal*i 
merino. Liudsfly, Lothian, Loudon, Yenter, Cfflnsiou.] 
Tberc are niany otln^rs as foi-ward in show. aEIlOllg^1 
whotu ffonc more vainhj jbolUh thau Montro^e^ Bui 
ihe ahove-tnentiimed iin? the moiu njutrivers." Here 
we obliiJM another turious conlirtinitioii of i\xe truth of, 
Hisbop Outhrio's anerdote, for, faking that anee4lote ia| 
connexion with the ahove letter, it brings out a ^;n9 
ijf diiiibk-dealiu^, fonniiig a i*erfeet peadiiut to wliutj 
llainoud L'EhLrnugt; has recorded against ILuniltou 

• V(»]. 11. p, 419. 

M0VTR09E'S M IS910V TO ABeRDcritf. 171 

the former occasion- To MonmxtVt And thf rest oftbe 
eoTfmanttng drpuutinn, h\% Umce irpzv^i^nl^ tbe King 
M so ttumf U> BcotUod, who niubt bv euergetioilly 
oppcibrd in ord^r to be vahcjniHheil. To fbe King» on 
tbt iAhcr buiidp he pviuLi out AIuutnjEse, not. ]In1«?iI, jia 
out- of the ilrrp contriTem of tlie Covenaot, but as an 
«Dlbti>*Mu4ic adhL^ri;^nt, i^ucmlly intoxicnttnl wltli n vain 
ftUibittOJi* — just surb a cbnracter. in ^boi-i, as he bud pre- 
dictH of bini before tu imjtuv Ibt? King to wxdudc Mou» 
IroM ^rom Court 

HftmHion, having managed matters In Scotlojid lo 
Ok lo natinry tbe It^uJi^rH uf tbt.- CovE-nrinl tba( tbi-y hnd 
tbv boll at Ihdr foot, returned In the month of July^to 
nrport pnigrrJM to hiH Maji?Nty, and to obtain iustmc* 
lions a« to thv demand foran AfiAunibly ami FurliumenL 
Id the interval, tbi^ Cuvi>DAnI(?rfl yvvre mwtt anxious to 
brfn^ uiidvr «uiijiM.-tJon tbt* loyuJitils in tbc^ north, tbat 
wltrn tbe CornmiMJonrr returned it might be saiU that 
the whole of Scotland wn» within tbe |mle of iheCove- 
wuit- MoDtroiitf WAi tbe leader enlni^Ii^d witii tbk iin- 
portiDt, Ami it mlfcht b<- |>erilou«, exjiedition to sedtice 
or rioni-\iMi ihv karnci and loyal A [Hrrdunimis. It 
«ra» ]H>t « warllkt- expedition, however, but ralhvr a 
cmaadc of iliiitrant ii^itutors^ tnkinj; ndvnritngo of 
m racatioti at the m;iiu Kcvnc- of uctJoD, to t-xir up dis- 
affection In quit't dtstriits, nud, by tbrcjilenin^ the 
rv&IHKtabUT find harjinguing tbe vul^'ar, to cnmttf that 
fillte excitement u]ion which a vidous revohuSori dc* 
pcnk Thcfveuti be iittW doubt, houever, thut IliabiM 
orgnnijccd tbe scheme, and influenced Montroi^c in tlie 
ODdact of it. TbJH upptuirs to \k proved hy the fol* 
iovrlug Jcttcr, addniwrd by the: former to bin cousin, Pa- 
trklc Le&tie, and daU^ 1:Jth July l6:tH, i^hortly betWc 
^Ioutro«e mid bi^ party ^rived at Aberdeen. 




'' Loving Cou^sin, 

** Becauae your town of Aberdeen Is now 
only burgb iu Scotlund that hatb Dot ttubftcribed tli« 
Confif8«ton of Fnitb,* ami nil ilip gofn] tliffy run fiblAin 
tht-rt'by ii^, that tftee t^ufjuirltj, ae there ort' very ,^oorf 
cOHtiitiortJi i^tred, they shall be uuder perpetual igno- 
miny, and the doctors Ihnt are unbound punished by t)i« 
Assembly ; nud if things go Xf> extrt-mity Ix-eauw ibry 
refuse, and.iu ho[)es of tbe Marquis lluutly'b help, the 
King will perhaps send in somi^ ship at ships nnd men 
Uicrci MA sure plncc, nad if tbdt bcf;:ood for th« coun- 
try, j"«lge ye of it. It is biU n .figktiMg agftinH the 
Ilif^h God fit re^JFil tluH ernuse, uiiil it U sojiir adctm^ 
C^ulrvady, thfit, on iny honour, wc eould ol>tAin wicJi 
conncnt, 1. Bishaiis limitetl by jill the strnit cnvents ; it. 
Tu b« yearly censurable by neseniblieE ; 3, Artiele^ of 
PtTth discharged ; 4, Entryofimuistersfri-r; 3. Bishop* 
nnd doctors eensured for bygone nstirpiitJoii, rilber in 
teaching fnUe doctrine or oppreisuig their brethren. 
But God hath a ^rvat work to da htri^, n^n-Jll T>e uliort* 
ly nt^eu, and lu^u be judged by what is pit»t. Iky ye all 
the good yecnnin thftt town nnd in the country about,— 
ye will not rupcut it, — and nltenil my Lord Montrose, 
ivho in it nobie ati/i rnff-hettrfed ^vrt/itrr. i remit to 
niy bnjiliiT Arthur to tfllymihriw n-uwcnnhlc the Mnr- 
quie lluntly was being here awmy ; he was but tOght- 
ett by thAt i.'uminimlntK'rt and not i^ his privij^foundk 
No further. 1 am your friend und courtin, 


nllc buiLOii' bv AlivulivtiL, 

fiff Ehe Bmiiiut) iktj CluLi, in iliv itjfjiiiuclliL w IUtlIliw'* Hflklim, pMMnl- 

Moyraosc's mission to AUEitt^ani^. 


^Iootro«e was occonipnnicd iipon thi» occasion by 
l^ord Cotiprr, ibr ManUr of Vnrhpa, Arlbnr £nkiiio« (a 
hrotbtr of the EatI of Mar.) Sir Tbomud Bunit;t of 
Ijpfu, Sir Robvrt CJmlian »f Morpbif, niid. inslead 
of an onued IiokI, Ibc rwloubtubti; triot^uUixl the " l.licvc 
apnOcs of the CoveDant," vii. HeDiiersoa, Dickson, and 
Cmi. Tlie difltrtrt to b*' }ujiiuur<Ml wilh this specinl 
THOtiUion n-as oii oaeis iu tEic dcaerL The nria of 
itumr^vncy had been so successful throughout lh« rest 
of Scotland, as to create a epecioua, but fal^^, appear- 
once of natloual ft^oliug iii favour of the Covenant. 
Hcrp, hmrcrrr, ail thut was ratiuimlr WElZ-onlcrcd, nnd 
i^tiiudble, was yot actuaUy predomiuanU BtaH|i}t[-niy 
did not paaa curriM>t for piety, nor the darkhng and 
dnitnictivc ruvia)pt uf fuuntieism, for the niit-pour* 
injipi of fiftrd and enlightened mindfi- The totviih ntu^ 
Cul]eg«* of Abcrdf^n wct^ at thh time ridi in dlvinea 
Mad prn f r a i rr r cmioecitly dJtititij^ni&beil for Ujunr learn- 
iogp inlc^ri^, and g^xnl sense. The cck^brnted Dr Joliii 
Fur b^M of Coreo wa^ I'rofi^hor of Divinity iri old Aber- 
difcti, Dr William Lwsly, Principal of the Kings Ct>l* 
IrgVt fti*d Dr Alexander Heruggie* mmistcr In new 
AberdOT-n, Dr Itohert H»n>iJ was Profrs6v>r of Divinity, 
and Drs James SibboUl and Alexander Ko^s H'ere mini- 
»tcf«. Tiuo cbaruelem and batnts uf these higbJy fi;ift- 
ed, nod aorvly pprKCcuted* clergymen of ibe north, wvns 
Ctlngly pictlirrd iihoiit n century Qg*i, by a towu&mnu 
Ibeirijun. " Thi-w." hyeaye, s^wukin^cof ibt- tlivinca 
wo havceauiutTated." were tbcii tlicminwters of 
Aberdfien, fomoiui thrn, yiet, nnd ever wilJ ta-, for tbr-jr 
CTPingpt learuiag, loyalty, and piety. While tUvy ^^'CJe 
allowed to lsv<.' there, ther<? wuh nu sncb cry heard ia 
the btrrel« of that then loyal eity, ta ffaur tenUt O i^ 

J ^ 

raet, thu toiumoc cant tbtnof thyCov^^naolerB. Thty 
wcrcfniltifulpasiors, — they UkI tbeir flock* lo quiet wst- 
l<jri — lliey fe<l tbem uitb wlmivKi'iur iboil, brouglit from 
theScriptur^^ianil the practice of the primilive Cbrj^t* 
\ni\n^ TJiey had rDnil most i-xaclly thi^ wHlinifH of tlic 
oiiciCTilljitJji^rs, inUidro^vn Jaiigua^ unilcrvuhml now 
bet^iise nnknown to the pre^^i^nt ton^^licn in that cttjr, 
Thpy kiii»w tlni pruclicf of tlie primitive ChrMmnv, 
iu lh« tin^e of tbcjr hott<'i>t perseciktions by ili« hcathc^it 
wnperors, 'l*hey tnn^ht their pei>jily to oJx'y tht* King 
a* Buprt-iue^ aod tho^e subordiiiQl^ to him, for oou^cicuoe 
ealw, and not lo rine up in ai'ms aiir) rt'bel for consclcnc* 
Hukcf UH the Covennutem tliJ. Thty wert- nllri'tionatf 
father* to tJieir flocks* — they tfinght ihcni, id the ^vurdM 
of the wise ntajj, 3/>/ Mtu^Jiuir Gfiffy anrt liotiour fkt 
AVnyf, afttl utftlrUe not a^ith //loffe u-fu> an' f^ivrn to ^J 
chaiig^^ Aikd 0^ tbtry taught !A0 tlid they prattim-. I:i ^ 
fine, the leunifd works they left liehind tJieiii, it- ill coo- 
LiiLiie their fatj;e uil the Itanied world over* lut Jong aa ^^ 
IcRrning la in any esteem." Such were the ch^mipfont ^^ 
ulm. wlien they hcjird of the npprofiehinj^ vj^itocioii hy 
MontroBe and hi« party, cheerfully lu^de ready to do 
iDtellc'ctimJ hziule with tije " three Jigtostlc^ of the Co> 

The lown^council of Aherdeen* informed of tb« 
honour thiit awaited theiir, hnd met upon the l6tb 


• Mr Bfodio, overlooking a wltolu cUi4ri4:t iwnplwl irirhth™p who en- 
Ii<rfJkirLi«i1 mJi^ptnilviit. nlLOiaiil, nnJ noniicipnrmiu fLHolMi|(p» \u jibliuircricu 
uf H»ivjrtti1h.-til4.tovi>nADC,_nniJin rhtriktfvtiftJiif fiic:( ihuE Hmifly liiiii»«]f 
mil rniuwuriKl UfpiiriaL in tbu xiurlb Tor bie iii}i|Hricvi] worn nifvaergj In 
NU}»part of Hiv fipiM]0pt>] and Luynl cuuih.', — iltiw tboitlf dbpcjit'H uj'rhft 
rv^i^piiiHi of AbunluQu : " In ubuitt twn uLuijilib tilt! Cuvinuuir ohtnlnctf 
the w^Til of fttmnBt i^-ef^ fjimrwr of t^lianrt, wldi the olr^piirtn ftf 
^Wrrlcm, wLtcli wnt vrnhUcld [hrough ihc inllucjicc u| tJiv Miin|jU« uf 
ligatly, ita iiBtfufu*'— Vol. it 43 1. 


uT July. hihI rtisolwd to pcmst in Iheir refueat of tlie 
CovenAtil, and to remain l^rtu in thdr obedivuce to tb« 
King. * lf«it wi(h the ^K}^t corUi^il uud CliristiaD f^el- 
ingH weiv these ndmirnblc royalists inclined to meet the 
diHinriH-rH of tbi*ir ptnee, niiii future iicrneetitot^. ^o 
gooocr did the commits; oners arrii'i; llian thc> provo8t 
uid hailiV-sjM-Tit oneol'lheirnumhiT to uomplimciil thcm^ 
aiid to ofRT what was ealled the wiiirteHy of thit towDj 
briii|; M collation of wine and coDfcctionary. *' Uut,*^ 
05^ tioiifHt Spalding, *' (Itm their courttoua oHer wurt 
dndunfuJIf refuecrfl, sn^'in^j;, tliey would drink none 
with thrm imUl first the Cove»i.-uit was subscribed, 
wlienrut tlie provoel uikd baJlies weieAUinewlmt oilend- 
cd, toolc tlieir leave liuddeiily, and caused deal thc^ wine 
in UiP liend-ljouse, urricinj^t the poor men, whieh they 
10 diHlAinfiilly bnd refused, wliereof th^ lik^ was m^vet 
done to Aberdeen Itl no mnn's memory," It was not 
oloDC with food for their bodies that Moutroae nnd his 
pofly were greet^'d (it Aberdeeu ; (here WAS at the 
MUM time tendtTHl to their vxeiftnl minds, Ihe whole- 
•onte MiUtive of certain ratioujU queries and doubts coti- 
CT-ming the merit-t of tJic Covenonl, Thfsc were pre- 
Mttted to thcComirii^HAioiiem, &0011 uHer thry had alight- 
ed from their horj^o^, in a pnper drawn up by the pto> 
fniBOTH and d^viuut of Aberdeen, iti which they also de- 
clared* tbal» if Alontrooc and bis compatriots would re- 
move thrw douhtfl, the proptniuders would join in that 
C^vruanl nith ibeni, from which ibey hud hitherto uh- 
«Uuued not without umny and weighty rt^asioiLM, though, 
htf retuon^ they were mont willing mid anxious to be 
CMlvJnced. There can be no queation that even the 
three apOKtlea of the Coven nut were power le>J!i, in nil 
lAfe thr:irtjiof iuMurgcucy, before the wiKilon^tlte learn- 
iof.andthe Christian integrity of the«e northern dlviaea- 

■ Tftvrn Kecorfti <fi Abnrdcirn. 



&o(o th«firUof insarj^DC^ tbcy inetanUy betook then- 
selves. The request thoy preferred, in rqily to tb«| 
chnllc-Ti^ oF the ^ItrctorN, wok nv Ivitt. thnii to bf; (K-niiiU 
ted to occupy th? pulpits on thr folJciwing Sunday, when 
tiiey ertgii^-trd to cunvert the peoj>le, thnd to HatTafy tlie 
doctors them^elvrv. To tins moile&t demand it wn^aii' 
B^ere<) by the chompJons of Aberdeen, tJifll, nllhou^ 
they wirre willing ti> ytelil to any rntioD^I propoviItToD, 
yet they must be excu^cfd from adnitttini; to their pidpit* ' 
thcK4c who were nnxians to contrnAict tlir rAtahJishcd 
doctnuni, Inu^ht there by clergymen who oufitbt fint 
to be cQiivinced that those doctriuc^n were emnieoiis. 
Thus the tniiibters of AliL^rdcrn wl-w ho u&reosfknnhle, 
according to BaiUie*s view of their conduoti as tv iiisiHt] 
upon preneViirg in their own pulpil^ to their own ilocks. 
The result w*? may {five in thy warils of Spnldiri^, wh<i 
was present in Aberdeen at the time: " Upoii the 
mom. boing Sunday, tbir three eovennnting ministers 
intvnHiHl to preach* but the towu's tnintstere ke^ied 
them theri-frAe« ^nd wonid ^ve them no entrance, but 
presehed llw-inselvesH in their own puJpils- They, see- 
ing themselves so JisappoimeJ, ^o to the Earl Mnn'tt- 
chaH's f'loHo, wht-TL' the Lndy PjiJili^ his sister, wis 
then dwelling, a rank ptirituij and the Baii) Mr Alex- 
aniSer Hendeison preaclio*! firati liexi Mr Darid Dick- 
soUf mid liasily Mr Andrew Cunt, all un tlie suid Sun* 
day, nnd divi^ra }>ei>ple tlockcd m withfn the fioid cJos9 
lo he^r thir prmrlirm, j\iit] see this novrlly. It i§ Mid 
this Mr Hetidvrnmt read ont, after his st-rniun, (vrtain » 
articles pflroiwiW by the divines of Aberdeen, amon^t 
which WBs nllc^L'd. thry could not .snljsi-rihc tins Covc-^l 
nanl without the Kfng'g commAuci, whereunto he made ^^ 
wath nnswere oh plcase^l him beint.'* Kruiu JanieN (!or- 
don'ft manuscript it nho appears, that thiM wiu an*i of 

too fr«|uent occasions when ihe sacreJ iiincrtiomnf 

ckrjrymrn utrc pt'rvt-rli-il I" the jnirposts "f |")lit,iciil 

a^Ution. 'J'bi;y cheat the intervals of the tvguUr Kcr- 

we of the lUy, iii order U> c^ll^trt the pt^opk', nniJ, oc- 

GonUtigly, t^ys JAmcsGordoii, ^'n numerous coDi't-Dticu 

resorted tu lienr lht.'m; nor wanted tlit^re muny whv 

ohm; oIm) fur derbion, which was m^mtVftlt^d by IJie 

pciofiJc>of whom Home, with little civility, from llie lends- 

ofaitut far-distant buiMin^, tljrew a ravi'ii iniu tlic 

crowd oi the coiiveutioti wbtle they w<:re at sermon, 

trhlrh M-n^ 111 tnbrn by itll iliscri;t!l luen. All ihi^ tbree 

ainibterstltiild^y )jreflcbed by turns, over thf large witi- 

ilovr of ft wooden gallery that looked into ihe yard to> 

VAnln the multiUide. ThearguineniAQl' their sermons 

vtfr, for the brief «um thereof, agreeable to their pro- 

InUllons and rcmon^itrnnres, nnd e^tncluded with eshor^ 

UtJuuH and ii!viL:itionb to the people to jviu in cove- 

■ lunt wilJi Ibcin. nnd how neeesnQry it woidd bt- so to do 

m «l thfti time; likewiiir in their &t<rmoiiB tbey did reud 

I the qucrks of the doctor* of Aberdeen, nnd mode n fa- 

■jilloil Coawiwer tbeiu/ On the Monday fuZlowiiig^ the 

^(flnbierb of the Coveuanlngaiu preaehed, or rather ha- 

nuigned the nii>k by tiirnH, and ifieir iMiTJgli-M tbreats 

Mtid rvringv werr crtiwned with u miKerable «ueee^. 

Soine rotintiy minister* <if lillle note, nnd one doetor, 

• at ittfeiior hatruiu^, IDr VVilliAiti Giiild,) were indnced 
to ilibieiibe the Covenant Am<in}{ et<rtuiu burge^fi:^ 
nf Abrrdrrn who iinhKcrJhed, nnd tbr wbtise ecint^er- 
aiuQ the apoaiU* of the Covenant took i^reat credit 

110 themselves, we find Patrifk Ijeaiif, Roihee's cor- 
n»putidetil, u'hti, thus iriHtrueieil, Liid probithly nmde 
ft party beforc-hnnd, — nn tdeOf indeed, ^iriLiiirii< d by 
James Gordon, who nnys " tlte revnit of tht^ir jin-iuh- 
ing wss the |>ublie ^nbriti'J|>tJon of »ome that night 



and of some otbt^i's the week Mlowlng, who wei 
tliuiiglil hy iiutny 1o lirivi.- HLlit-r ilt-luycil, or bt^eri jmr- 
pofEcly kepi off till ibftt nolcmnity, both for ihe credit of 
the ^jpcakerg, nnil tIkHt they might be a leading prq>a- 
ratEvc ait^ rxuinple io vlliera." But tire greateict pri» 
gniiicilbyMmilrostnrjd lib |>Firfytii>(iri thin (K'ciit^ionWiitt 
Dr (ruild, ttioiigh the terms of his sut>jnih?4i(^n MTn^^rccIf 
jusitfy tbeir esullflUon. That clergymnn, ^long with Mr 
KobiTi Keid, minister af HaiK-I]i>ri47,ordy8igne<l» **v1(li 
thMe exprt^ coiiOilioiis. lu wit tbai wc ucknttwlinlgi^ 
not, Tior frt t:i>iii]c^m)i, the- Articles of K-rth tn hv iin^^ 
lawful, or heads of popery, but only promi&e, for tbt 
pence of the church, nod other ren^oits, to forbear the 
pruetk'e thereof for n tijie. 3. Thai u « efiiidemii no 
EpiKCcipal government, excepting tho pernonAl aiff#f 
tluTonf. S. Thnt wr «till retniri^ nnd KJinll rcinin, oil 
iityal and dutiful siibjeetion and obcdieucti uaCo our 
drt'Lid SuverL'ijfii the Kiitg'n Mjijo^^ty, and that in thU 
v^eu^Cj BJiil no Dtherways, we have put uur hmidv tutlje 
foresaid Covenant-, At Aberdeen, 30th July 1638."* 
Having thus dlstiiigiii^lied thcrnsf^lveu m Abt-rdeen, 
Montrose and bi& paily. about thirty on horseback, vi- 
siletl various distrJfls of the iiorih, biddJiijf utcelingn 
with ministers nnil pmlfytvrk-st, and pivking up signo- 
lurea to the CovennnI, froni nil whom fear, faualiei^in, 
or iguuranec chararieiized, ratbfi llmii t^^di^liteneil rev 
|}ectti;[i- Within the prtshyttry of Sirathbogie. h<iw* 
ever, the iiernnihu lit turn iltd not virotun% fur thr heart of 
ihnL was the rvsideoee of riuutly. During lliia exeur* 

* TJib linpiirtniiT qufeliAoitLon wn« ntfoitfll by xhr- -ilj^ruiiikru oT the 

■rribln*:*!" tlwlm^ »ruit ibcj- fitlllnf hud, onrhnvk-.flny mtrnrton biifo* 
loy4)t^-lotil»Mi^intv, luthdAlrit'^ivt^nnnf Iwiir*." — (Siki^wI,) MDiitnd.\ 
liiufwr, Forhn, M>irj»lii«^ l'«*T>"i IU»rnitffMi«]. nick>iiii| Vint- 


lion from Aberdeen, the doctors prepared and printed 
a reply to the feeble answer their adversaries had put 
forth to the queries and doubts presented on their arri- 
Tal ; and when Montrose and bis cavalcade returned to 
Aberdeen, a paper war awaited them on the subject of 
a mifldon that was incapable of a rational defence. 
K^h party claimed the victory upon the whole result 
of this crusade, though it was not much to boast of 
on either side. Montrose returned to Edinburgh with a 
parchment tiUl of signatures, too contemptible for hiB< 
iory to record, and which he himself was ere long to 
despise. The doctors of Aberdeen remained in pos- 
aeaBion of a field of reason, in which their antagoiuBtB 
had been Henderson, Dickson, and Cant. 


HOvrmoM: avd the cor£NASTE«s. 


Vs ««l* It IT HtU. HM iVr^ TII4T ll01VT«Oft* Wl* IhffT THfl 1lO*T nl>>K-' 

Hauii,ti:»n returni^ to S<x»llnii(l early in Au^rrist, 
iritli an altcml cottntcnoiice. " Th« Corontiftticntrr,'' 
myp Knillic, " ntmt^ lut<-Jc htUirv hh day, mid I)r Kitl- 
cxnquaJ with hioi. Ut k?pt himself more reserwti lltutfl 
before* Hi? mothcrhc would not see. Coloikel Alex* 
auiler he did 0]M.<outitenaiicv. Mr Eleuzrr BorUiwkk 
be flw*/ no/ itM, After four or five d:»y» pcu-kying wo 
niaH coutii gyihin miittl^ Tbe Kiii^ itidi^d n-nK di«|tWvd ' 
>vjth Ilia mother, find uben Ms brother Lord Wilbum's 
|iut£-nt for tlii^ enrldom of U\tnl>ar eame Ea )iia hmid, lie 
Xqtv it fur drvpite, a& he prores^ed^ of her. Oohjiiel 
Alexander nperily dtd give- einiTiiE-nniieL' lu the oobW 
nectingN. Mr Klra;tcr uiis the mnn by whom IiJfl^ 
Grace, before \\\^ ertmmiwon.did eneour^ffe cr^ to pro*" 
et'c'd witli our ^uppliealion- ' From all tht*are now lii« 
Grace's countenance na* soinen'bat withtlriiwa-*" Y 

* Till* vtiutm^iva iif lUIIiir'i » rvuiiirki.1>lv»iUHl wbwii C4im|iu>il 
Kamllt'iii'* p'EkfvMiitJiiit I'l hi* triuiiiii; ici vltf r, liU wurvl tlvnniKiliidaiu i 
iW CovcDiEifvn. BTiil liife iftv(imiiriiia(iQitiv Khtg) ttgallut ftaatlftbil, 
!brdiiaiwoftboft«itanlliig:lllii>iinitlon>df ihL> favmriU-'t dDplkutjr^vhvli 
will not pt-rmil im Ui Uinalar r}]i< Trutla itf thiuh^ nmvilfrtM at hl» dudibto 

by HkiwiiiiI L'KHU-Bii}fv, «uiI I5i-h1)up liuifiijL>. Mr Hlwivr Bisrdiwitkk 
Rov known to huvv ^hwm tlii> [rii'Ut viiiiuiiry iHiitmo tkg IpWlnf rd> 
voliitUmafy Uu:tlimt*tf tlu^Uim] unL IkvUmtd IIawm ft l^rutch clf-r^^ 

In'liOH Cinip4 kai mnpoFrntiU- thfi lAHonl cltiltm nf u Lhflitliin ilrtfn-muu 

OK>f&ftAL AflH£«4BLy, IfiSlt. 


Covdumlrrv with the idi'a of hii iiidiiiatioJi tonard^ 
UwtRi that vvcTi Ht-nilrTVtrn, thv'iv numt honest itnij al)Te 
apcid«i Tvutured to prim, as an ar^^nincnt in 1ii& cun- 
I iroffftny wilh tlte cJocl*>rH of Abt^rdeiN, ihat Itic com- 
I Butiioflrr Litiiitcif wax tuvourubk to tlie Cuveimnt, RLii 
^^^ «RtislW<l in rt-gnrd to nil ihejr proceedings, — an na- 
HKtioii which llial nobleman, witli ivjtl ahtnn, but iif- 
kcU^ iiKli^dtiou, tiow took Uj« utmost ])jtiiia lu t-oii- 

Jt U wcU known that* upon his return to dootland, 
the Commisdoncr, in the nflnie of ilip King:, ofTorcd cer* 
Uiu mliuiial prupoAula fur thu renloratiuit of urdvr^ thtr 
vecurJt}' of tht jJersuiiA aitd proinrty of l!ie litgr* in 
}«T>Uui»il, nixl tlir prott'utKjn of thi^ fnrduiri amJ rjiijsti- 
lutionai form of elections at the nccntikftrf conditions of 
fummonin^ nn ns^Jcrably nnd pnrtinmrni, ThrHr con- 
dJtit^uA yp<Tv v^hKUivuily ivithwd by thi^ TnbJef, wLose 
object wan lo ubiuin mu'Ii coittrul over (liu tvturna us 
wuoiil iiMUiv to them the power of lUKkin^ tbdr con- 
vcniioia ; in other word** of reloinin^ the TnhliH, nnd<t' 
adlflVrrntdi.'nomjimtiuir, nJunJKijri h'ld olt^o 8Uf>ge&t4;il 
to the Kia^ *^ uietbodof superceding the Covenant itedf. 
by pultiiijc in pluet- of it tlio Ci>nfi<t;?Jon of Kaitb, eeta* 

• tlunUcori pabbih«da lonj; iDiuilf«iu to dnit hLui«vlf, U|K'ii viiuch \i 
m rrBiBfl>«^bv Juini'A CicirilcjEi Jn U^ M!<,— "Tht CovcDUDiora on tho 
Mhr pvi pnliiiflb ah rniAn-rr in ihn nkiTJinlsu&ttni'r'i >nnnllivii.L. in wliith 
Aaf (onfc— cil li*ai Ihtry tit-vi^j hi^vrrl liim wy iin miirh, KfrUnUi/, tl>jit 
W ifat iMAbAvd wIIJiI1hiIi|kJu«I1mii»IiiiIj tKiir liy jprmh.ihlr rr«*Anq, which 

v1^ Jl omivl b* dtfiiitfi] but llw llirw miiUnLuri ditf jdlitui it putiUvtr^ 
1]P In tbdr prlDUd aiunvn. and muny iJiuit^flit ihu :J] thv injury Uial 
ttvydd M ll» Ufepqiiia M'V, Ibfti they tliould kmvu ru^f to luooh, for 
ifcir>iii1i ll Apimfrd rhnt they Hud uu i^nAl niuiuii fur loiJunb cjilivi- 
*(^ flf bUu, ttdii TliL-y gnvc oul mnivniiiiK him i.\wt%. Bui iliU |)U{>ur 
lakUr «fHl(d bcFwtiit blm *n'j rb«n." 


blbbtfcj by various sUtcld in tbc previous ceutury, (t 
which Btatntes the r-ovcnant |irofessed lo be 8imp*y 
loyal an*} patriotic rvutwaL) ami coTiimaDdii^ it lo Iw 
hijj^nLit by his }tnty ruunci) of Sfotlnnd, nod the ivbole. 
uutioiJ. This Protestoiil ctinfct^^iom, (genei^^ dislii 
gui»)icd frimt tbc Coc^cnnnt as tbc Kioj^s Coveoj 
or Confif«ioii of Fnith,) aiid liEa Majifaty'^ unrjufllUled 
r«cal]. by procl^unalion, uf cvtry measure tbat cuuld be^ 
coiiHlriu-d nn irinovfLtio<n upon the Hrligion, Lnvrw, Diid^| 
LjU'rtice of 6cotlaDd> might well bav€ utiffioil the pco- 
pli', and would, In ftu^t, have donr so, hod It not hten the 
iutert^t of & ruction to in«wt as ur^Liut tlie grucioUM «Hi* 
ceasioiiflof Ihe^ir Soverd^, byaspectounaDd public pro* 
tcHtatioii, The insatiable fl<rmjiiiHs of the Cnvrnantcr?, 
aDd their conduct throughout, bave bet<ii Tailously com- 
iiK'Uted u|Kiti, and by noue wilh more t-flVctivc severity 
than by Dr CAtok. Sjwaking of the crisis to which we 
alhidt, that historian observes, — " The various acts 
of conco8aion wi'ro rpgufarly pruclnimed, and it wafl^J 
Wftli uiuch reziiiou huped that moderate meti would b^^ 
coutenttHl. and would resist any eudenvours to thwart 
the inteiiliijUK of tltr King, A protestation, howcvd^^ri 
rtplctewith the moat disingenuous rensoninp, widcvin*^ 
du^the detoi-mijialianof the U-adiug Cuvcnanlors to re- 
sist oil terms, was read,* and the Earl of MoDtrose ap>^ 
pi'ari'd, ii|H)i] this oLva.sion, in nomt! of tht; discnntcou 
nubility. This conduct of the Presbytedaufi cannot 

Hm. It i* iiuvrivO nt full It'ns^ ^" ^'^^ Klrif^a Ijt'Et l)»liimilarL 

t Iti^t^rj r,r dm Church vFSt-mlnuilVui i^. pp. t^Xt, 491- but* 
UDl Jualliy (bum upi>n ■rjmo " ifrvut i*ri"<'rp1ii/' ■* in Ibw invUnrva 
1uv*baUc<k| lH'furv» ^. Ni>. iVrhii^jt thd iavt of Mtmfroif b«Lnf prv- 
minvt ii|Km iLiH tH.-i-iuLuu rKiulLirvd n JtuUflvttivu lui* UtinJnblo Utt 
hlalnrUD rtf Ibo kuk. 

OUHStlAt ASSEHDLY. l6Sft. 183 

UnqimiloDflbly this cri«i< diHpbya Monlrgso in otJC 
of the moHt f^ctiriuN iHisitloni nf lii^ i-urly uud mn- 
lakrn carwr, \>i ttili, though lhu» cxcittO, ftud 
cutjchI uitii the movement, he wka nii nctivc por- 
liMO of the Covenant uoiy iji public. Of ihc sccrvl 
worid&igs, SDd u]|ini;tti^ tibjt'^-ts, at' the political parly Ui 
whkh he was attached. Moiili-ofie was cc^^isLuit ouly in 
prtf|>urLioji (o lilt conjfrninliiy of hJs dispositions with 
Ikofteof tile hypocrilicQl Hothc^, the ruithtess llamil* 
Ion, mud the towftrdly Argyle. If, iii the history of the 
Memorable A(«erably uf ItisS. we flu trace iudicattons 
flf Montrose having hctn forunrd. factious, and in* 
iMPpcnitLV we diACoivr him nh thr Anmu limr chu- 
nctowtkiJlf distiDgmfthtd, by his mauly and opco 
bearing, evpti from such Covenanlers os Hcmlcrson 
and BaiElie, wbu arc j^iterally rt'presviited lo u^ as 
If iJtey had puned without a blcniiHh through Lhoae 
revujuiitioury tmn^n^tii^nti. From Hailiie luiuaelf \ve 
obUJn an involnntAr)' ^j^po^ of a ccinvciitioit, the 
moA lawhsw, tyraDoSuil, auil uiiti-diri8ttnn, that ever 
look in vain the sacnd uaintifor Iteligu>n, and Liberty, 
and Lai4-> A marked feature of the covetianllui' revolu- 
tion w«i» tJila^ tiial til regard to all the main iuIicUm of 
" the ctu*e," ita nioat plausible profo^IoiiN, and priiKu 
pin, wx-re unMnnhirr^ly conliadictcd by il» practice. 
Poplnh fUiMrvtition aud lyrauiiy wrn- irmtionnlly jm- 
pnlrd Id Ibc im-AfiunTi ui Charkii^— and ^nM^ly inauj- 
fcal«d i» the doctrine! and act* of the eoveiiancin^ cJer- 
gj. A freely conetitiited naliomd AHi^oihty wan ^eUJ* 
linwJy dctnaudcd front the Kiuf^^-and thi; Covrnanivrj 
proceeded to pack a conventioiii by mt-Jitw nMhwvt^ivv of 
Ute fundnincntnl principle* of liberty, and freedom of 
«lectlCM>. Tile inviolate poHsiciwon of ihcir lawv nos 





ilrt^nmt of HiibviTliti^ thcw, — cuitJ, uticjn, Ivl'iin? ttit? iit* 
qnii^ilorUI tribmuU of Ihc Corrnnnt, churchmen, and 
«t4iU'Kit)en of thi* tirst re8tKTUibJJily> a}rea<ty cnndviniiri 
uiiht^4ri], were iuwjkuiW Aummoned u> rv<ceivt- tbe 
dofjm fnjin wclf-constiluted jiidp*?w, w\n> ilinrvi^rtM 
ciktiiblUhoJ njltv of vvidcuu^aikd btMrneil the iLttribut 
of jiwlEcc and rrK-rcy. 

Thib dofiLructlve Asstrinbl^ met at Giniigoir in 
munlb of Novtuibtjr 1639, " Oa W^dnwday xlw Sirt 
Novrinbcr," «fiys KaJJlii*, " with murb udu could we 
tbroDg Into our plac^» Du evil which troubled ti* mucfa 
the ftp^t foiirtwn days of oiirMiliing. 'J'hr m;i^ftritr« 
u-iiL Uidr luwti-guurd, tbt^ tioMtnwQ with ihi? abH&ibt- 
auw of tbt gtiitry, ai timea the Commisaioner id pe 
cimid not get 115 P-tilry lo «ur rouiu-i, uw whtit fotv 
what policy they could, without smch de-lay of tiiiK 
tbruMtiug tliruugh. ^as ^ricvud niiil ofl'i-niled u»- Wh«^ 
ther this cvU be i-dmmon to alt public conttu^Jts, or if 
II Ih- prtfcpcr to the ntdi-'iLi-ni of our iiiitioii al:>ix<.', or wh 
thur tbt^ late tiiocs, aii<] fldaiiruliou uf thiic new re*' 
formnlion, have al all |nihlic ruii-iing* rtirrcd up 
groQtL'f than ordiuEiiy 7.i.n] in tlir riuiltitndi- lor Uea 
nig ancl seeing, or what is the epocifil cause of thi* i 
rcnitHliabli? evil, 1 do not knuiv ;* ouly I k^o^vmv'Hpfv 
cial ofTeijce for it. and wish it ri-nicnlicd nbov<* auy 
evil that 1 know in the jft^rvirc ofG^td timong mj- 
ytft no appearance of n-dres^, Jt jh hcri' uUmu, I thin 
we might loni-n froui Canterbury, y^a. from tlic I\>^ 
yt'^i fnini ibe Titrkg or Ptt^sTi/t, mo^Ir'hty wnd ninnnmt, 
ax lcA*t tJi^ir deep rcvcrtnc« in tliu Jiou^ they call God'i 




* rorhftp* tt uu what luudorn laf.'|iuiiliit«li>ivii tvrmwl "Uia jtnuui 
Trruii vrilbuuL" 

coittTiTuriov or the assembly. 


Dot till it haw \td th^in to tho adorntiou of the 
timber and ston<^ of the plac*?. We are here sn far the 
oAer vvry. lli^t otir rahc-ulv. wiUiuut aLame, in great 
Blimbrm. muic^ Micb dia luid elmtiour in llie liuuse of 
ihf tme Oodp Ui.-tt if the/ miiiti'il (ofl'crcci) to use tLc 
lUce behnviiMir In my rhmnbcr, I would not be content 
ml llwy were <Iowd tin; Maira." The •ulto^'nui'ni pr<i- 
cn-diu^ were in perfect k^e]>iog wiih ihJs o|>eiiiDg 
Kvnt. The drloilii itT<^ in'iuuiely recorded by the ket'ii 
partioili nho ban favuiired u> witii thtr alKive. but we 
sbnU confinr nur^rlvrs to what ufFords riri illastrarinii of 
ihv cuudiict and jio^itioii of Monlroee in thiu AHsenJbly, 
MoDtroftv.Q* we hove observed, was imtfvtJly in the con- 
co-operating with them loo ardently, w^i 5 in reality Ices 
■p^riy tolbi-ir Krret di'stgnv tbaii BaiUle, who, Jn ntnny 
rrtipeclfi. was himself deluded and deceived. The luix- 
1urt!of»hrvwd n-lfeetioni^, und siniple conf^wiionK, thrown 
out in tile IcItL-rh of Uut chronicler^ bclriiy in n ^reat 
iDtttfiurc the di^lioneM eonAtitntif>n of the cek-brattd 
coQvrntioD we are ctkUNifterinf;. liut tln^ ligfil ^s (ifir- 
tial ODil Aecid«nial, for it wjs not Baillle'A ubjrct to de- 
itti and eatjiofti* tbe cubal. Ttt the r4-"ci»nl of Jitmea 
fiunloii u'e niujt turn for a dctuilod aecnnnt of tLe 
•tfatin(M>if thr (Ti'nernl Asu^inhly of IBliK; iind as that 
acfxHint bjjA biUi^Tto remained in mann&erJ|Jl, und will 
WH be found abtiiraetcd in the pagea of our kle^t bis- 
iOKmrnnithv Cburcb of SL^ulbiidj uuifXL'une nci^d bo of- 
Cmd for prrfcutiug it v^rbaciin to our rmderi. 

*' Tbe time appointed for the Assembly was dru\i'ing 
OQ upaci% and coi;nnip?»iiuner« iK'gan to be cbown every 
wlirre. To llie end that atich inij>bt corue them only 
wbn aboald vtiind l^rin in all lh« ends of the Corenaul, 



il was rceolwd ihat two .sorU uT nuiiimrr^ sbmUd he 
poNwed by. Of Uie fint .lort verv innderai« tiiiuiKir 
wbo» thoiigli lh«^' hod Kiibhcriboil ih^ Covenmtii, ytt ba 
diBCOvered their luclinatioaid to re^t ft-ntihtie!*! wHh Um 
Klngv IokI ilectomtiun. TJit^ wvond «>rt were mini* 
eUrs iiQn*Covt!tttuiU^rtt, for wlj»m order wn takon tJi 
thtfir election iihouUi he proteittrd ngninfit, if iLey nv 
elected by phuJtluy of vtiten, and tliat lljey kIiouM be 
processed, (irbkch could hardly b« flbuiin«d by as 
meuns,) ^o tbcy would be Hurt- tbal nil iturh:«tir>iild 
laid by, and have no vole in the AMcmbly. XtLXt, fi 
ffucb niinihl^^rB ns lJ*<?y wren- sure did incline to ibc 
veuaut order was taJcen thai (iit i^aM- thtfy giit not 
fall vote of the ministers in their rea|>ectJre prr»ti)'- 
t4!rii*s] tbe ruling I'lJeni i^buuld b.ire voir in lliHr no- 
miuatioit then, uiid even after, for which pur^iose Ihey 
send liicir a^-we tc> tlitr nuvcrnl pr[>ihyieTir8 to aend in 
niLiTif^-cldera from every chmch aesaioD, >ib<i vbouid 
equal th^ volcr* of tJ^e niinUtcnt in erwy prcrfjytcry- 
TbJhdvvicr wiis ilimigbt (not only by the Kfng biit 
by many oihcrn) disfldranlngeoue to ibe nibit»(cr^ in 
four rejtpeettf : For l.Thai uo minister should be Cora- 
mirwioner to ibe Assembly but snch an tTie ruling-ditere 
plcn«ed, for tliry bt^tng tf|iial iti number with the mi* 
niedry. aud &ix minifttent being to be put upon tbe Jiwt, 
out of whtcb three were 1o be chosen, If is tite practice 
that all tbe ux minibU-is must be rL-iuove<l at tbr rlt^r- 
tJom, and bave no v*.\'ic*^ ibeuisi-licA. so that tindonht- 
eflly the ruling-ciders Iteborrd fur lo ovrr-nilc ihe 
eUTlioo of tbe three ininiNlcrii to be ebo»cn ; or if in 
any presbytery the six mini^trm gnvc their voices be* 
fore- their rc^inovoi, yi-t> no inan beiu^able to give voice 
to bimsclf, of ueci-ssity the nnrnlKT of Iny-voitcK (if they 
were luianimous,) must rxeeid llie number of Ihemlni- 




iters' voice* by one, alihoufrh the cniuifrtcn eliould com* 
tndkt (hrm, S^ Hrrt'l))' niHng-cJdi-tii in jirpf-byteriee 
irere niade capable of a cdGtiog voice upon the luiui- 
ItcTV, Of by equal vuice to rnakt- a »jc1lUiii iujiJ atop all 
ibat tlw}' ]>)caMd> Nor cau the auBwer tbat is given 
to ihc iiKoavcDicoce satisfy, — viz. tJiat ministers are 
iliU moderolors^— except you gmnt a negative to a mo- 
ikntor. 3. That whatever tbe Oeneral Aitbem\Ay cou- 
cliuled. tJic Purliaineut ehtjuM likewise conclude tbat 
Mflie, (oxvcpt tlie Kiiig^cf iirgutlve Iiiudered, whiuli evtir 
aAcT ihe A&sembly nl Glusi^'ow was denied to blm,) for 
tli^ir ioHtrtictioub unli^reU uoblemeu to be choeeu rul- 
ing cldcr» wbcre they were, aud all such have vote in 
PVirilftmcntv Next, that, for want of nublemcn, the chief 
gmtlenien ^ould be chosen commlbfiioneib to the aB- 
•ecib]}*, who probably lilfcwise (orBomeof tJiein.) would 
be diooa-a cnininb^^bucrt^ tu the Parliument. For the 
btrou th* like inny be said, nnd woa seen of the biu-gbs 
tbelr coniDiSfilonerb, aud Uioy were tiitrc what such 
ImmI voud iu an Aaaembly they would vote over again 
!■ ft Pftrlinment. This made the Tnblen go contest to^ 
hftTO Ibe Af^mbly meet l^cforc the Pnrlinmi-iit ebould 
thdown. that so the nct» of Parliament might tle|>end 
on IIk- General Assembly, tJie memborH of the Ge- 
neral Autembly depend on the Tablcjt, or be the 
wry incml>mi of thr- TahleH, Init neither Pnrlinment 
nor Awenibly any more to depend oa tht^ King, bnl 
is aAbct upon Ihem^lves, as it ap]>eared iu the fol- 
lowing yectm af^er thi-y took the |mwrr in their hnndii- 
Uy. by thin mc;iti!i the Uk-% exciHcd tlKiunclvvs 
the power, nnd from all lenr of the cIiTgy, and 
it waa tbe temper that the noblemen did find out for 
to CTirb the tintowardlinetts of the former pn-sbyttTlan 
pawer, whieb the luinixtry hud cjicrciscd in tlic niino- 



rfly of Khig James. Tbrnc ooncluslotis (as han been 
ulrvudy ttild) tlimi^h lliey wen; prtRx^iled willr ^nait 
vUilvtiiX by tlio LfiU>% yc-t iht-y did mcvt witli rcxi^tMioe 
Binoit^t tlio ministry in w*vcrnl prebbytcrk^s fliid in 
eome prtabjterlt^^ by all ili^miDififiers ; for tritber tbey 
n.'ftiHetl Ici ]ei tlit^ut Hit with thi-tii, or tlfaired u time 
to di-liljonitr hou' they ctniid ;^diiiitKuch ttu iiitrnvntion. 
seeing ibfil Ihc Covcnniit did opiJOsc chp liJc<', lM*r4iUf^, 
beside tbe reji8ont< wbk'b I meNlioDcd farmcrly, it was 
atlcgcd tbat, ulbc-it at the W);]atiuif; of the R^formstkm 
tbrnr wiiH n irrrrBsity for niliiiij; ddcf*, yet it wjmiHTTcr 
ordained tbnt tbey should he eqnal in rgjcm, or E]iin>< 
ber, wltli ministers; and next ibcy denied that ever 
it hfiti been firueLlMMl tbut Jaymeu sIjuuJJ uuiitiitattf 
cbnrdiiiicu who were to be c<>mmi^iuiiera : they desire 
thctri, th^Tet'iire, Ui name tfaeJr luy cotma'tHKUmcr, and 
for to Jet tho ministers Dame the ehurchmon eominifl- 
Hioiicr, being llmt iiiiiiirftt'rs knc'U' beat v^bo v^ere ablettt 
tim»ngKt tbeinselves for Mjcb &;i tuitplciymeut, ViHthisi 
conieit wnsiiu-flVt'timl itptiti the nniiutc-rs' parts, foribc 
ruling eldera will nit »nd vulvc in llie rZcction. wlio. If 
can, sbali be only such ininiKtc^rH ni tlir 'J'ables bod 
,|dl€hedu|)i>i], ofwliorri,lbuheboHOU> sijhk- bsUiri^hl nii- ■ 
niMcn' vnicus nnil tbr >uff(a^a of twenty-two rultiigd- 1 
dere. However the phirjilily of the ru I i fig- elder*' vuio^ 
inusiiy uirried it everywhere. Thi» wa* compbioed 
ti|ion by »t>nie miiiL^lera to Mr Andrew Knmsny, and 
>]i- Hnry Hulha'k, niitibtei's at KJiiibuii;b, itiejj af the 
OjveDant, But tbey were j^iikwcrc^d, that it behoved to 
be su^f/otrcfi for the time, the i^ubitity and 
Uortiuf^hN thrt'jjtenei] to desert tbom, which would bea 
flivi*ioTi eonlmry to their oath. Tlieir next ea re tiiat 
the nrinislvrs Uiou^^hl on fur tills evil wa» for to eutel 
proto^tatloos ogninst this dcro-Iaicatl, liiiaey-wolKcy, 






fttt ln y : * and rk^cUfiiiH- Knt the nobility liad ^ot iho'iT 
foot into the- fltJE'ni|>^thcrc was no rcmed)' for these 
lair-bishofw but fiatJcncc ; it was belicveJ no time now 
to rrlirr i 4o all llieae inotiona wvrt stifled in llie tnidle. 
ad procet'Heft no further than grumblings, of wbit'h 
Uriti Wt» abuudaiiice.'' 

The nliow hirttory suggi-hlr* the n-flfxiuii, thul i\st tli<* 
wuniiDityt^rtlic naliun in ei^'ningthcCoverjaijt.Piu uiiirlj 
IttriHf** upon 1>y covcnnnTinff historians, was fnlm- and 
faUftcloUfl. 80 iro^ tho pretended IiAnnony of ftreljn^i;, uitd 
unUy of pcitriotic piirj^i^i^, upon whieh tliey have Uid 
r^u4il !»trvh»<ii>rdiEi^ the hintory oftlmt mriiinrnhT{> 
Asisenibly. the m<-r«- nmdiiiiery ufn faction, oat of which 
iifnvilK*rovrnnntin^(<oTistEtiit)mi of Senlliind- Norcnu 
Uwmx'tiraey of the aecciuikt wo havei^uoUHj btidimhled; 
fwnotoiJyiiiUoTifirmid hyBiahop Guthrie and othrt>« 
bui n-r hud li^illiir, iu hit rpistokry liistoi'y of llj^it Ah- 
eembiy, uung thme ri'ninrkuble expressions, — *' thirly- 
slnr pcv>byU'rieri idrvndy Uuve ehorfeit ti^-ir L-imimijt* 
ugivn Of tJii^ff were dwrrd" by tht? Tahiti in Kdin- 
bviri^h. — nnd jifterM-iirdsi ht' nffbrds, nnui'ltin^Jy, a valu- 
able tj"Wtiinony to the (JiipcHonty whieh the mind of 
Munuxifre dispUyed.fVeii in the tiioznent of hxji most, 
fiictiauM jKHiliun, ovtr thr mr^nfietii^orhin L'urly pi>]iltrnl 
anDCtatf*. Tbe aneedotc now alhidcd to we proeeed 
to iUitntrat^. 

Cextain jualruetiotis hud heeu htfiit to Ihp Pri-^byiery 
of Brechin to direct them in the choice of a r^preef hIu- 
tive, KfTikiTir of Dun wns fir^t eleeled, as theUr rulin^- 
eUrr. by the voict uf one luiniHier. and hurne lay HdiTa, 
llicTcafter the Pri^hytrry met in agreati^r number, and* 
by Um* voicvK of nil tht* other miniit4:'rH nj»d ehiers. Lord 
Cwnqple, Uw ddefil ai>n of the Karl of Soutbenk, ami 


Hr>KrHOS£ ^KD TU£ fo^ 

sidored Erskiae a more out'ond-out CovtoanU-r tbtiii 
Cnmepie, anf), accordingly, ihe commliAiun of the for- 
tiier, baving been iriiii&mitted by the prr^byUry to be 
nflvt4v<L by thf Tables, wns returned, with itn imprinta^ 
tuT QT\ tbe bnck of it, lo tbU elfert, that thtr couinnssiou 
mun be sustained, and Uiat Carncgk's eleclbii was il- 
legal, having pnss^d rontrory tu tbe inslructions of the 
Tables. Tbe leading signature to this liold assnni] 
tioo of Authority wsa that of MontroiG^, who, accoril^ 
iQgJy, now tendered Ersklue's Cooimisgdou to Ih* rcu 
publicly by tho d«rk of the Assembly^ ItaUlic eayet 
" the eterk, J think untitlt>iifediff^ reru! in puhlir, iK>t only 
the commi««ion, biit also the Tabic*' i»ub«crjbed apjiro* 
bfition OD thp Iwirk," Thin clerk wns cho notorious 
chJbaJil JuliuMoQ, and il was not from umnlinefi* 
h*t hsd read aloud what BaJllie wlsb*^ had brcn k< 
out of view. The OL-couiit lo tbe KingV Ded&ratioD ii 
that ttiif derk rend out vonoiiic reasons wriUeu on tli 
back t>f E['Hk[nt''s eoinmission in support of it, 
u-hidr, amongst otberthings. It wfts objivlint agnmMi ihi 
Lord Carnegie's election that it was miidf contrary 
the ilirectioiie of the Tnbles at Edhiburjch. whieb tJi 
clerk perceiving stopped* and woukl read n{> further.' 
But the CommJsaiDiier inKtnntly cjinght at the advan* 
tftge, and deiuaiideil a copy of that comnjififiion, witli 
tlic deliverance on the back, »nd ihe naineii of thoic 
ivbo hfld 94ubscrilK^d il. The eiirncKtne>iv with uiilch 
the Manjuis of Hannltun preyed thU demand In fheH 
name of the King, and the severity of bis unimad* 
versions upon the procci'ding^ of the ('nvcnnntcrs, 
pre«eiit one of those contrftdirlory views of hit ou^n 
policy which ftometlinea rait*e a doubt whether biil 
object wa& to support the King or tlic Cov>-naDt«l 

nispiTi fiMsrt) »T MostnoaE, 191 

It is only> however, when lhj:>ic luetAitcrs arc coneider- 
eil liaHitl)', and by themstrlvee, tliftt au idea of true- 
bcfln^l loyalty oufi be suggested in hia favour. Ujtun 
the preMiU occasion HamiUou knew that Moiktrose w&a 
Uic person rr^pousible for tLii^ andUgiiiHed assertion 
<if tbu &tiprcmo Juri8diction of tlio Tablt^s ; niid all hia 
pmwnl carnealDeas, ai^d vehement aaaeiiJoii of cou^ti- 
Ittlionnl BUtl>or]Iy« b iic<^otuitt^d fur liy thvdmre <?f'ob- 
lainmgviirfi jdmihtbZc i^vidcnco aguin:?! tlic nobleumn of 
whom h<* WAS £0 jcaloufe^ The JVfoderntor absolutely re- 
hMed Ut cotuply witb IbrCummiH^iuutTH dt^mnud, wbidi 
llttmiUon repmlcd, aud Muid it was oocessary to tbc 
prrformiinrc of his duty in the King^^ service, as hts 
U^|i9ily'« dt.'L«^itf , that be shoidd be futiiifihed witlj u 
copy. Witb bicreasing bent Henderson rcplicil tbat 
ll cotiU tiot Iw punted, ^u liie det'loralion on tfie back 
hdHl been both written and read itccitkntalif/, and was but 
Apritaift notf. " II ib iioaceldental wn(, ur private pn* 
prr." rvjolned lluuikon. " for it has been pnblidy |tre- 
KDted to the Assembly, by n member of hjgb place and 
cjtiaJJIy, s« II jii«tJfic4itiou of bis own pri>cecdiiigsiii Ibe 
particuUr vlertiou. and I hereby protest .-^\^'^hicb f wmiid 
do wcrv 1 tlir irteuiieHt Kiibject iit tbf^ bind, instead of 
hi* MajeetyR High Coiuntli^Aioucr, — againnt the »vitb- 
bolditig of any thing so exhibited in n court of jiititice/* 
Aliirr much discvisaiou, HamiUoii deKired the MtHlcm- 
lor to pot the qiie»liop, which llcndcmon rcfui^ed to do, 
Tbf King's Dcclnnilioii, from which the above deiaib» 
*tT token, proceeds lo say that, — " the CoinmfHMoncr, 
with wane mild expretwiotis of dj^tAste, cflid, ' Tjct God 
Almij^hiy Judge, if tliis \k: n fire aswmbJy iji which bin 
Majoty'a CosDtnisaloncr is denied ib^l wliich caiinui be 
denied lo the mcnnevt of hfa snbjcnrtf'', and at labt llo 
look iiKTirttnKrntM, in the bandH of Ibe Clerk- llegiMcr, 



Mi^t h« wntt TvfuHtid tht copy of n di-cUmCor |;iTieii ui 
(0 ibe Assembly, delivered inl« Uie clerk's hands, and 
jiublu-ty n-ttd by tbr Hcrk, in wliidi, iiiiiungHt -'tJti'E^ 
Uiings, was conininrd ihnt the Hrrlinn of the Lor^^ 
Cnmegio, conmiibttioiier Trorn Bret^hin, w&a invniid, as 
beiiijj coiilrary to Ihe dki^ctiuiiA of the Tablca of tli^^ 
roiJiiui't^iuitL'rv at KilJiilmr|£b ; which ufviLrtiotKyl tli^H 
Moderator U> nay IhaL tijv CnmiiitNij^iiLT iie^nlt-d no cojif 
of it, he hftd 80 fnithfulty rppcated all tlut vtm contaliMH 
oil in il- TIji' ComrnlwiiuirtT, h^.'^^TLpol^ aim-i* !k' t-oulir^ 
not obtain a c<>py of it, dc'sirc-d aU pn-seut to be wit-, 
iji-HbUH of what lilt- ModtTulcir luid njiokoti, iiml lluii 
bud acknowledged liin fnitliful rcpi'tition of thnt part 
tluTdirlnrfllnr whrrvof hiMVn^ r('f;tfird iK^opy, nrd ihei 
upoD af^aiii luok iitbtruuii^iii^. lu tliiti buKijit^tv, Sii 
Lewis Stewart, one of the Commtftiiontfr'ft ii»i 
Hjmki^)»otnt'fi'W- words, wliif^h IIkt Mudi-rattir briii^ n1>o(it 
to answer, the Lord AJontrose forbade him to anawer 
one w\nt bad iifi plntv lo»i|>Luk Iheren Afteru'anlH llit-re^i 
HTvw a great eouteet betwixt the Karl of SuutheaJ^, (iii(^| 
of thef-ommissioners usscssor*, fntJ^er ii> tbe LonI Cnr-^^ 
UCj^, nnd tbe IVJoiJerntoVr with ^ri mui^h hrnl on lh< 
Moderator's side, aud ^oiiii^ Loi>]? who^idt-d withhiitii 
tbat the CuuirTii-utiuner wa^ pnl (u iiK>d(.'nU(< Xiic Malt 
rator, and queneh tbe Iieat of tbc choleric AMcnibly, f<] 
whfeb mony of tht-m gflvc ;lio Commissi oner thanks-^ 
Tlie foJlowiijj; addilioMuJ partiL-iilui's ^i tbia nctiiie, 
from tbe iiiauu^crLpt of James Gordon. 

" Mtminm^ dii^pnted for Dun, und by eighty poreoi 
aitehtcd Duii'g I'leetioi]. Soutbesk disputed for Carn* 
gic bis fton, with wboin tbe CommiHsioiior, in Cariie-j 
gie't^ obi^ence, took part; biU tbe A&tienibiy vid«d witit. 
Duu. Thv bill- grrw m> g^at tbat ibe Moilc^rator 
eA bodi th^ir eouinjiiwiousUi Ijavebceu onnuUvd I 



:h h««i «liouJd bav^ httn. To ihid did Southf«lc 
'cr«liarply. The M^xlrmti'tr rr]>li('(l Uint he LiuJ 
his mintsi^r tw^niy-four years, yd had ncvff 
^ him. Luiidaa iheii wuil ilmt no lurtl oii^lU 
npbraiil n m<MlL-fAtor | nnd thru 8outLc«k excused 
inidf nwl qualificft hh own %rords. The conte^ he* 
'brill Montrose and Southeuk ^rew tio hot, Ihiir, it fer- 
rijSni (b« wboJi: AsaiMiitfly, so ihnt the Commi&eion^r 
bxijc upoTi hfm the JUodcrntor's plac«, and coininaudcd 
tbtnt All to peace." 

But it U BaUlIe whoaupplies the fnet of mosi Import- 
aticr to our Mttmntr of Muntrot^'s euiidurt aiul cij^iraf- 
ter white thus aidthg thr etoim of factiot^ DnlJlic'* 
own objectfon to the pj'oceedin^ was not thAt the Ta* 
mn(n>llo<] Ihir pn^nVytirrics, btil IUeiI MuiElruKU 
have been « rnnh a^ to commit hie parly, by n 
ittcn ilc4:l«ralJontothnt effect on the hark oTtliceoin- 
ilvk>u, anil the ebrk of the ux»tfmb)yi^i>lia&ty auto rcjid 
'Tt aluud. Mr IJovid OickHoo, one of the tUree tiixnttlct 

S-'ho AtvofnpREiieii Mo^itroie to Ahcrdwn, vvv-u IwA the 
hetly tocxpreMsoRieauchopintoQt'Jthe A^sembly.for 
[lai]lieadi}>,"w]ien MrDavidUiekaonspnkeof tiiia^f^rr^- 
rril ft* hovm^ ram*^ rtej^Hi^fiice ia it, Mo^itrose look fiitn 
Aoify. niMl prf*fr/t/uHi their rf^oluiicn fa nvaw the leaxtjol 
pl^/ itti^ Wrxtte." Wtf alt^fl riiiil thiE< luiiiiti ehrouidur 
aftenranli eo]tij>Iaiiiiiig, bitterly, that even ^heoMon- 
jbuse was wilji tjir Co vrnn liter*, thry found " /'f.r mtire 
VmH f^rHitu$rp and ttil pride 'eery hord to he f^uideiK' 
Tlir fori li^ lliiit the great eharne1cri&tie» of the party 
lft**hidi MoutriHe wfunow atliiiihn), iiud uiidrrwhoj^f 
ille» malice he fell, were want of eooragc and of 
It hiw lieeit Wf]l remurked, that, " it U fin- 
Ible to contemplate vrkhout dlsffuat the rauk hy- 
my and duubltviUwIiDf^ which diHgrneed th<^ leaderi 






194 UOKTHO^t: AKD TME C0ve\AfIT£A5, 

of thcCovvti'tijt, at tlji^ coTomfvc^mftttof thcclrJlvru-; 
bypoiTirty lion brcn jii^tlf |irmiimtiOL-dtht^ n-igmngTiccof 
tbBtunbnppyflgc; tli<" moiivcsmosl commonly nvowed 
were ueldom ilioFitr ^l'lll^h ivollygnve birth tullitr adio 
of tlit^ \t;ad'wg pervoDOgtfi on t-ilher side, it beiDf^ unuaH 
ch(.'ri)th n scirrrl |JuqKjsi?, and to kit-p tlw vyvn 6x<.s! 
ttn iilti-iiiu' ubject, wliidi, uiilil it wuh fiiily accumjiJiiih- 
ed. co^ild only be mode the subjVrl of roiijocturr,"* 
Anotli«r bi^toriaii,- — lie wbo sayn Umt Montrose mis 
" Mwilcil with idijuity/' — bestowal the following cora^| 
tiiriiilnT.iM) upfJii IkilliL-. "Tbv wnUtipnof HnilHi-, rtPO 
bi^ t'luiiilinr i(--itL<rh, hr<.<utl)<T u manlinejui iff tpirit., and 
evince intcliigcticc and oniditiwi, that must, for c^-cr, 
rescue from conTompI n cIjihs of which he did not coi|^| 
mv<^ hbuHt-lf t-iUUIed io raqk at ibe head.") If ttie 
cUm t<j which this dcrffyman bdoDf^vd was hi dai^er 
of being consignciJ to toiit^inpt, it i» ntrl cu!«y n» undtrr- 
«tiind how biei ijidividiml manliness of Bpirit, Intelll* 
gcncc, and c^nidition, roiild rescue Ihi-in. But let iie 
mil an i-xitmplc or two from Buillit;'* own writings to 
lest the chAraclcT of one who«c pivjudici^d und cxcit<d 
eofTevpondctjee iu %)\v n^o^l outhentjo i^ource of many of 
the culutnniey yet exiBLtliig agabut Moiiti^o^. 

U"bcn the n\yt\\ onler to n-ud tlie service hiMjk vnu 
prochiiintHl, Patnck Lindesay. Archbishop of Glwgovr, 
laid lkj« comniundd upon Boillie to perTorni ibnt duty 
htfun; the Hyaud of GUsgow* HjiilliL' wi'ote xn reply & 
nioftt hiiinble* wc should aay tibjcct ktter. entn^atiiif 
his Lordship to excuse him, iiport Ihtn^ gn^nnd*:, name* 
ly, tijut huviu|{only takuun ^i^lit viewof Lbe conlvotfl 
of the book, and not being ttaiii^fied 1u hia own 10^4 

■ Itlvliity nf Ihp Churtli b J?<uilUnc1, by tlic Rev. MIdind UumvII. 
\ UrOr|tt*t lllvTory oi the BritiBh Empliv, Vol. \V f. WW, 



vUk ngwd to Jl, fipitlnjr a]«o ibnt it waa f^tnerally 
dli3grtf0ftlil« to pasters nnd pcopk^, htu rnirul wn-i " tilJiHl 
Wilb nnrh a nicii^iuiv tif Kricf. lliOt 1 am scarce able to 
pvcarh to my own Hock ; but to preaeli Sd another ooti- 
pigMJOOt Html tliat in so rnmmis n iiicutin^, aiid tlmt 
ttpen Umw niAltrTV, 1 aro at this lime all utu-fly iin- 
ftMe. Your Lordnliip, I put no <|ui*8Uon. la so eqnU 
uMe «» to lake iti good part lliia my ingeauous cvrifea* 
MOD of tht trur cntuii' urhy f nm unnblc' tu at-ccpt that 
k^9omrtMe complriM^nt, which you^^ I^indnliip'r^ more 
titan onJiuary rcApect u-uiilit have laid upon mc. So 
for thic, uimI nmny rmtrr^fiivoHru n*i*v\vvd. litT above iriy 
dcatrring. 1 pray Go<I lo bless your LnrcUfap, and to 
tomtammr yiw JtaiTJay y^/^r* //» hr our ov^rr^vi^ ; Jbr he 
ptrxuadrri tluii tnttny thtnmatulK iivivn wht-'rt- I iLvt* are 
grtaiiy qfroid thai uhenevcr tftttrr Lordxhip shall f^, 
tkeir p^aee nnti qirirfHfxs nftnti ga iiwnif Ji-rf/t tfuu, 
Thb froJu your LurJalupb tert; loiitt^Jticwi and obe- 
^iral ncrrout, R. BaiLlIE. Kilwiimlag, August 19tb, 

Bvt iohUfortijjnt'(irr«*|w:nl<riit. Mr William Spang. 
BollUr tJiuv ropurt-t tht' niuitrr : " Our iiynpcl iiiCfloH- 
gott' vrsH UHiictcd «iu the Jnjtt UViiliK-siJay of Aui^if^t. 
The bitthop wrot^ to nic^ from -Edioburgh, to preach 
tbvrt'at, mid withal lo incite all iny ht'iirirr^ loobty i\tv 
cfaunrb c4tnORs aiid lu practise tbc Ktrvicv, I wrotc^ 
bock ajlai rrfMHul, nlivwing ihr irrmohaion oriity»wn 
mind. For all thbt, ou the Frjiiuy bt^furv tliv ^yuoJt 
I r«rivc i»ew lellcrs, coinmandinn me, upon iny cano* 
oicaJ oliedMiDCVi to prtcurji citi \\''eilrLe-sdny brfutv tbr ^y- 
iiocf« comrniitiP^ th«T matlrr of my sermon to my own 
dkmlion. H^jwpvor i hud Inn two frtt days, yet J 
ckoM ratlMrr to ubey ibmi to hji/iinl mysrlf iTi neeillvsH 
mtUalawitli niroHhtt^tQiae fA/ur,andtnndc myself ready 




M9 I might, on Sd Tim. iv« L 9< / charge thet b^vre 
twcttto preach in setison atttf ottt ^* season.'^ • 

Nu\i', in ihcjri' k-tU'i^ :i1 Ir^Ufl, w eiw iliKCOVir 
of tbp " manlincn cf spirit" to which our libtorJaa ra^^ 
fers; that to cbfr (liehtip is Un^d wtlh hypocriA)- and 
WMil of coumgc, and that to liin friend, with mometh'u 
vrry hkt' want of irulh. Hut thiii ix not aIL In thi 
follou-jiigycnr tlit)^ Vi-iy bjs|jo|J, whom Jlaillic kn«w 
be AH excellent man, and a vnttiable palter, upon wboM 
prewTice in tlte diocrcse Baillie mbiiitttid that the peiutfB 
njid bnppiucu of " many thousands" dqK-ndird, w«^ 
fnimmon'.-d ni n delinquent, niojig with all the other hit 
abojw, to answer (at the bur of au AttBeinbly wheiv ihe\ 
ought to liAvi- BAt as jiulf^,) to H*hat thoM prcUl 
juAtly 4'jillt^il " n tno^t Jiil'amouH mid *icumh* )!hef,*^ 
chari;ing theiu, ii^diHcrimtuatdy. uitJi Muiouy, iucvM, 
fornication, adultery. Sabbath -hreakiug, druuk«nn»a, 
find gnrniug* Hud Haillie posMfisittid one Apnrk 
nianllncss of spirit, he would have raised Lis voic^r 
at Ivattl lit d<.^feti(r of that hlnhop to whom ht^ had writ* 
ten, but the yeaj- beforr, th« letter vru Ijavc <iuut«d. 
Oil Ihi' (-uiLirury, he joinisl in the inhuman jiprtccutia^f 
l>y which Ihiji^ c-xivJl^iit prelnC<^ was ruinod-^^riveil^ 
from the flock who^e pt^aceaiid happiness depended up' 
on liiinn — vucumTrruuif/tUui — and all biH-auHir he tiedintd 
the authority of an uiKCoiMtitutJonAl and Uwlen conrvn* 
tion ' It uiIdH In ihn inrmnnosa oi Itnillio's conduct that 
he I'vtaiued hla good oi>iniuii of the bushop, aud diii not 
dcHire hid destruction, though huthuNcommetiisupon it; 
-— " 8tncu hia Hrnlmru oF rxcijoiniunif-ntioti hv. Imn liveLl 

' BBUIbccnitriviAlto«huifl« nut gfUiv ilvl)\ «mJ did noL |ift4cli lik^l 
rdl- Mr John l^itjdtay. tbc tlvfjt>'niui who d&O tlio duly. wii« ^'vry m«r- 
-^ lDl]^kruJ b;^ llw w<*inva. Ppcbubly iLf duajpr ho ni4>rLthiinLltME FVhei 

tiinwfDrlMlin'liniirv wvf^Kt wilh BaUJlv dWu hiH tnn"dunf« bud.— J^h^ 

Mit^ and Lfttm, Vol, i, pp^ 7^ V 


r^tty prirtttrJy, iiii«kcnt by all. and piU well near 
Admxfmaa'n tninrry; had iioi |»rncr nhurUy rmnr, lii«| 
wmMs b*d htra extrem*-. au<i witlioul pily from many,, 
or gnrat rvUef frojn uny hand we know," 

BaiiUie^N con«dciia! wila at t.-<iiitiriiml variance with: 
hit eondurt, which heioktnA do great manliness of spL< 
riL TJm biehofie <]^clin<yl tht^ir judges, — it was ahs»- 
jBtdyimpoaaibfetoitootb^nvhe and retain a particle of 
honour or priacipi4>. Kruiri tbeir preHt>ytL'rinl Vatican 
tbc Ikctioo propoawd to UuQch the thiuidcra uf excom^ 
mmMica6on. The proposition was monstrmw, aud Boil- 
bf opposed it* — "excoinuiunk-dtiunht-eriLt^d tointisoteT^ 
rible a &«ittroctf, snd that obtttinucy, ttic formal cnuse 
of it, m|uirrd ndmonilinn nuA Homi- dcby of time api^r 
ihe doiw of the procefi8, that I vou-ed him, [ih^ Dishop 
of GnllowaVr their ftr^t victim,] lo be deposed, but not 
pmteutly exiommunicutcd. In tttie J wtt^ foUovr^d by 
bOiDL- five or idx, but the rest went oti to prc'si'iit ex«>Hi* 
motiicatiaii^ J re]iiain(.-d/.Anin'^'^/iN niy negative; voIl^p, 
thBi no bJabop ahoutd be excomfnuiiicated Lill they hod 
gOtWn more lime to dMure their c^unteinpi of p\iblic 
■dHUMiitioo iroin the pulpit of Kdinhur^hand thdrca* 
ifacdml ; yet, consirit^rin^ hrt/rr c/' t/irir iitj'Hnature^ 1 
found it (m obstinate avowinj^orvxlremu eoitiouipt, and 
to, to-morrow. J pi^ofessist my recallin^jf of my yr^t^'r- 
d«y*9 voictf. «nd went witb the n^i in xi prejtenleicum* 
nunkatioa of nil the declining bi«bo]w.^ And yri, af- 
trr al), if a Infihop, when he hcnrd of thc> inffiEidnloiii^ In- 
Jiulicv done Liui hi his ubsence, prop^iised to appfur aud 
JnsUiy hlmaeif, U waa termed imi»udeuce \ " 'I'bo 
ilblnrp of Brechin/' way^ Haillir, "followtnl. He wrti 
pnirm gnttty oTttundry nrt)' ormoni vile dntnkcniieM, 
alM m woinaii snd child brought bvfurv um thut njadc 
Ua Adu1lCT7 rfry pro^abf^ ; also bis using of a maf^ 



crucifix in hi» chamber. The maji wm rtputttl to b« 
Qiiivrr«ally )nf>kinou5 fur inimy crimcB. yet such was hU 
impudence tli^t it wu» nuid be w;i> midy to liavc tfOM- 
jttarrd hefire usjor /litjtidfificfttuat ; hut Han ittnynl 
by tJie Mnrquift, le^^t hj^ euiiijHruranee tibuuld have been 
[Uk«ii] for AD AcknovrLedgem^nt uf tise JLidii-a1ory.'| 
III their nb^once, bowev^r, tWiQoHt imj)ri>T>j>bkrbiirg«« 
wvrv reivivcit »^ti»t thrm, ond tl]<< it-iy charge unt m 
ton^ifhtvd tfLmanidunt to proof of the fact^* V 

ev^u in England, was the main object of tbe faction of 
Ifi^H, u'bii'h ihi'u pusMii from Uii^ li-adi'rNhijj of Kothcii 
to that of Argylc, An t^pj^copal order had unqun- 
tinD{ibJy<rDtct-ed the eonHtitUtion of the Chnrcb of Scot- 
land even under the ^aiictjon of Kiiux hiriiseif. It wok 
now dritriniued. however, for tbe *nkv of deitroying 
Iht vltVrl of the King'ti Covctmiit, thiil all tbcneis (70ni< 
posing it iiitplied a total ofjuration of every coi 
dJtloti and gptM-ii-s of K|>iF(eo|Kicy. The qtieation vi 
thus Blaled to the A&semWy ; Wliethcx, or not, aceonU 
in^' to itiL' C<mf<^ii9Jon of Kiiilh fir*t [mblished in ISSO, 
uiiivcncully vnworn in MHl, tttn} ji^niit i-eiiewed In 1590, 
there t>e auy other bishop approved of in the Church 
of ScotJjLtjd Lhun the pastor vf avv tlaek havEn^^nn |iowi<r 
over his eulli^iigurn. mid whtihiT or not, nciording l<>^ 
the reeejvt-d wuse of that ronfesNionj iw it wan stromfl 
in ihcM; ycam, v^vy other speeie« of Episcopacy tiaa 

• ^prthinj; of thv Phlirip nf Mijmifr HiiiU&p ""JS — " Morrny ^«dtti«^| 

i.>uumJiiiiiCHlui! Mumij'.uml.UH i Uiiuk, lUtlii/ htvuF cUi]1v!i, Inpv^nri, 
aK livMiiil, tiiv iiiim'M ofiii jn-i'p/iny, Hiiu aujil in Uiui ^il4uv1«if would y?C^| 
bv Dioru vllir I'l pIvuAv Itiv Km|[. Tbi-T> Hn>»lijvr1vi it^iial hlui. liuta^H 
W tmtpter. nvi i,\ff'i:u*iil^t/ ffm-rti^ Itlt ouiinrviiMLiLb ui u Uimicl.' of rmLv^ 
p(Mi|iltf ia fjliiu^vii Lutjw, uDil vT wuii>vu |pilu|r lurtr-fuuttfrf in jnl|[Tiiiu^. 
not htr tnut bia iIwcIIIuk." 



«^lrfW^ and now,y<w that remort, ought to he reraov- 
«<d? Bailile was cTillghtinii-d to feti id bis 
boart umI CDUKcieiJci! tbiit the proposition intended b^ 
ikk <|tw*liai] H'n4 not unly uiiHumiil, biit abaoluteiy dis- 
boiiTf^t. Hr bnd brought hin i^iiiid io accede to thcrt- 
KDoraJ of E^jUcopAcy from the Covonaiitiii^ dtiirch. 
"but witlial," boHuys, ''I heartily wished iu Ibe act of 
mitDTaJ or it, no cUvuae mi^bl be put which might 
obligr u» in c<iniiciciict' to roiiiit thiit for wii/kod and 
tiuhiwfiil in il&clf, which the whole reformed churches 
iUi dftf . and. ao far as f know, fill the tamous and due- 
•k diriiiM that evi-r put pt^n to paper, either of old or 
•flAU-,ab<olrcdof uidawfidjttv)!.'' Again, — *' TJieques" 
liOQ was formed, about the abjurution of all kind of 
(^nKV|i(M:jr, iu auch lerniaas I proft«6 I did not welJ>iu 
IIm; Ildk*. undcntaikdp and thought them so cunningly 
iniricntc lluit hardly conld I give unyanswi?!-, either ita 
or ffOir." TIk detcnni nation he came to was to make^ 
bo ^kMcb Ofti the subjiHrt, but when bje vote iras cnllud 
toaMiifvwH'ordiiui quulilication thvreof ; tV/r, he Miys, 
** to make any public tlinputc I thought it not safe, b^- 
htg nij'wif alMic, and f<-jiring, aJtovc uft tmifs, to be thc^ 
occmIod of any division, which was our certain wreck. 
So when ait men were called to pj^ipoin' whnt dnuhti* 
they liad. before the voicing. 1, with all the reaU wjim 
dmmh as afithJ" When it nimc to hid vote he attempt- 
ed to qualify it by a distinctjon, but wua easily Mienced 
by Loudoo and Argyle. On the I.-utt day of the Ah. 
btmbty, llic prciiK^t^itioii, thut Kpiscojmcy had ken tolaU 
lyftbjuredintbeCoDfee^ion of Faith in IJHO, wn^mgnin 
before tbeni. and an act was pro|>oHed for ordaining tho 
■dgaiDg of tbe Covenant over iigain, niidcr tbi?< new h\* 
htrpntMJon of the negative confe^ion> To lldjs \\iu\- 
li« was dmdedly opjKifod. and, in the sihn|je of n letcer 




, lo the clerk, t^rev out hta rp«i*0D3 of dbftmu to be com* 
mtiiiiinitHl til Uir Miidirrnliir itmt Lnnl fwiudoti. Thi- 
JsUcT knew well ho« to manngo tbe coascience of hb 
revertriid friend, u'huliiinM'IfiTttormftiiH that," in vo&dng 
tlim act, whcrvuitto nil yicldvii. 1 was reatiy^io hvr* 
iliKspJitrd, which, for fnij goarl tilfrnwrf^ [soJrlyJ Jc«t I 
nloiie should ho oft be found contradictinff the s/mi, 
Lord Loudou p«iT«fD«<1, b^ movitig th« ckrh XQpsn 
Ifj/ my mttfUj in calUii); tlie r/itiiloj^ii^."* 

A young clcr|!fyTiiiui of th« tume of Fonyth, whom 
Iloilllr, though nlinckcd by h\» hnving frnHcwIy expre»- 
Msd upiiiiuLtB condemuiiij^ ibv rebiblauce to the HiCirvioB 
buoJc, loved and admired. \va^ deposed upoii a Ubel 
whidi ucTiiAtMJ hiin of culling tbi? Corrtiant Jirtikiotu, 
trtanGtiahif, JtfJtuUk, to which charge wan Add«d such 
sundrit'unslhrpr, thnt, — "b^gnvcmcrn^ynt bts entry for 
bi:^ \>\at:v, and xtruek u bvg^zir on IL^ Sabballi day; a 
numbrr of such thiiigB were lihelW, nnd lu'jjccd holly 
agetni^t biia/' Baillie's lieurt UAd hinj thmt injuiitict 
wsa about to be di>ne> — " ihe Moderator and others, for 
/iU KtA^fr's jff/^rtf^ hnd a great mind to havr ddayed bino, 
but, CIO man speaking for hiu)> he was dejKi^. I rA 
fvnhti f^fiay //ileJicp ; but the renaoT» of it irn», both my 
tothii^N to hv iicard often i& our duy to contradict lh« 
whole Byn<>d, as also wy^/rar uml ^fMjMrtom of further 
illH iu thy youUi than yet was Hpokeii of!" 

Snj much ^and a great deal uiore luijSEht hv added 

for tho tnlightriu-'d inind, manly f^pirit, uJid *;f-nHttivc; 

coubcieuce of the ileverrijd Robert B^iUic, amon^' lli« 

* ThU Miv wgriliy uflbu inriy tiiMC Bcc?ubeii Clmdvii ihu Pint vf in- 
Uuciii^ H rhlrtrvlum oflhu vote in IbL' rhrlinrnvut i>r 1^,^ Tbr KlDg% 
1jitf£t> IKii^lxnUlm riferiurLi Ihu ^t (*f Lbv tU|jpmiiifoii vf UttUUv'a vulsk 

CHARirrcnisTrcs of baillir- 


Imt of thr rovmniiting rJi^rgy. He was learned, in tUe 
wmm of having acquired (it h sold) a kiif>wledge of 
thiitflen Uofcncfcai — ht liatl u rousoieiici.\ for it co8t htm 
eomc tnoblv to kt^tfp it 4ixiict — Ue was euligliteuetl, for 
be vras SNUiblc cf fbr itncmi And coiif^tUufiurLal dto- 
rwtrr of tbe epi«co|iaJ order, with wtiua^c irnttitiiial de- 
fetroyimi lie Dererlhdeas contiDUed to moke common 
nutc amy he vfan luynl, for lie poH^i?f«8tid a flocretoiU 
■frintioiipaiii] iiiicukju)^ kmiinen. for tUc uioiiarcU whoM 
rain be ardciitlf ftidofi loflrrompHsb. Hut neither tlie 
lenniiiifC, uor Ibc couHtieooe of Bailiie, werti such ad to 
mrc him ffom btcomiiig :i bliud iustnimeiit in the 
luwU nf unpriiiri|^UHl ilrmoeraUc spirits, ami thus it 
tit tluU llic ToUxtninous record be haa left of hia feelings, 
ofWoiis Aud anions, presents so mnny cleplornbJc in- 
conttiMltriiidm- WhaU-ver juilgmtml lie poEBensed was 
coBtioualJy overwlielmrd by fits ot violent faiiaUdam, 
mtd all bb good qualities of meekuess, inodt&ty, and 
moderation, became strangely mingled wiiL their op< 
pMiite^, ui hi^ Dot very pawerfiiJ mind gut more aod 
mon excited under Ibe fjiuta&tical banners of Ibe Co- 
ivaBAt, And ibi* ib tbe man who, in bis corresffond* 
flier vith the revt^rriid friend wboni he woa funii&hiug 
vkb macerijl^ for a history of tbe time«, did nof ncni- 
^plelonn|iuteLbe nienuetit nioti v^eft to Llie m;iiiiy-6p]j-jLed, 
^■be bij|:b<mULdcd Afontro»e, tn speaking of that noble- 
' ^"I'a departure from the n»veuai:lin^ fnt^tion. 

Tb* Marqiiia of HamJJtoD, too, affected to treat the 
coikduit utid eharuetf^r of Muntroste with cuulcnipL Lei 
tft consider hiit ou n nt thiv juncture. Th« ptneecalLon 
^ tba noD-coveikuntiiifr dcrgy, nmJ the iiiipniierpled dtw 
^mctJQP of Episcopacy, took place in a conveuUoa 



which hnd prpvioiiflly hrvn di^otved, uiiOrr pair 
tTVUMiiJi by iliu ruyul Coiijiuibbiuiivr, wim Imving d 
miicli, by his " Horpcnlini--" policy, to ruin ihc Kiaj^A 
affairs ill Si'ntlnitd, nmi work up iHc revolt to lis prt>* 
MMit pilch of uri^vcr liable fnnizy, nufldtrjily " tumod^ 
hi§ bncic VLiHiti them/' tu lUte Dui)llc*)i phriuc, whfR hfllH 
knew lliut the Assembly woiild hiI wjlhoul hliu, and 
act more outragenualy in bis absence. Upot; \\'eidnr.i- 
clny, the 2fM\i of NuveiEilxTt he animiiruvd hU iU^UTtni- 
DAtion^ to leave thcin to thetnitelvcj*. *' When tlie Mty 
deraior/' nay^ R^tillio, " pressed the voicing If we wen 
the bialiopp^' judge«, there fdJ a ttiul, >;ruve, and Mor- 
ruwful di&coiirBc^ 7'hi9 WRg thi.' Cuinnii^iioDcr'« tut | 
pUfWMge ; \iv ttcfed it Willi l4?ars,anddrew, hy hifl speech, 
wjitcr from many cyei* us I think, — well I wot niurh 
from niinc> for Ihrn I apprehended the cerUinty inc*| 
viUibJe of llie&e tragedies which now ure in doing. 
Much n'ns Siiid of Jiis sincere eiidenvourfi to serve God, 
the King, &nd his country; orhi« grief, yet necnwity 
to depart r The coiiee he allef^ed was the ttpiiihngof] 
the Arvtembly, whu-h he h»d obt^iiitrd most fi\-c, by our 
mont partial Uireciioijit froi^i uurTabIcK :U GdJuhnrgb-" 
The Irltcr Jii which Hamilton telh tlic K\a^, tJiut of nil 
the promoters of the Covenuiit* noire wan " niorr vainly 
foolish than Moiilri>!ie/" id duted ou the djy previ<juH to 
thin scene.* Thut ehiiructeristit'ally fc'Hflf-ss cTpre^ion 
by which Montrose annouiitvtl his determiuatiun, ond 
the drIerirjiTiJitimi of lii* pni"(y, an he ^jppu^ed, to '* ac- 
knowledge the lcA8l jol of wlijit WBB wjii" by the l^ablet 
to the presbyteries had been ?.o iritcr|>rct<!d by H;tmiJ- 
lon. >Viia it his eurneat dc^tlre for the constltvitional 
purity of iht^ Aaacmbly^ or his jealousy of Monlnue, 

• Set b«fiJT«v p> ITIK 



ihat indn^vd Hainillon to eolze upon what Montrose 
^4me bad uvouL-ilt ate Uie t'uuiw uf IiIk dL<parlun? ? DIiI 
he fret tUi- grief 1u- dnplayrd nl IiIh tlrpnrtiire, — anil 
n-crc Utcnw Iwirs llie avorilowiii;; of a patriotic no Itss 
than a lo^nl Hrart ? His mofX able ajid dcrUrmiued eu- 
logfeu Bi8lio|i Biirn^ii tt'lla uh, tlutt^ iih f lit* Marrjuis re- 
lunteil to Court. *' liin tliottgliU did Iwur him tad turn- 
[mikj during lib journcj-- The ifttJif \ta\x\f\\\ of thein 
irs>, that lie knvw hr li<td many nK'm;(:!t, wlio w^iidd 
imptitc ihc prrseiil diwrdrrn to Ms mismnnagenient, if 
Aut to his uufaitlifuliiefa, hut thu»L* he quieted w'liU 
hi* eonfldriice iu \M Mfi jevty'v juMice and bU own iu- 
legrity, B»d, itidn^d. awy pr-n((mul hn/^ird niulrT ritivt 
him mtut haw hml ■ninll footing in a mind prepo»- 
•oned wttii orhrr thonghtii- Thnt which lormi^ntcd 
him nrcvf, as appears hrj his It'ffirr^, w;j§, that hv san' 
Enevitablo ruin hanj^inj^ either oi'er his niastor, or AfV 
ammtry, if iM>t ovrr both. since thc-ruiu of t^itUcr would 
prove fatal to bolb. • • • Ulaafft'ctianfaAixrtmNfnf 
md friciKkdid ^tni^glc «troiigty AgiiiiD^t hit* viigaghig 
further, yet it yii-ldcd to his duly> but not «o entirely 
a» to dear hbF^pirit uf nad regn-U." AIJ this h an 
wdj feigianl on the purl of Diabop were the 
MMTtmni ami leant |Hiun-d nut hy Haujittoii ujion his 
Moved cDuiJlry. Wh.w arc thtfst- k'Uers hy whHi 
\l " apfvant" ihnt alfirm for hi* iwrnnviul iiilcrt&th waa 
thr IciL-d, tiiid II furehoding as lo thr fate- of his country 
Kiiigtbe grt-aie&l lorment thwl p(ih3hiiT.vd him f His 
:i*t g^ivt- ilirtJk nut lu the public, bccaujw he kn^w 
ibry contradicted that iutercsling picture nf the uiiiid 
cf hU hem. (fpon Ihe 87lh of No«-nd>cr 1638, the 
day before he iii*solvcd the Aswmhly, Ihuiiilton wi-olc 
that nteiDurabk letter to die King, which wc find, trot 
ill Hunict, hut ill Ihc ElardwickeCoJIn-tion ; and in 



that letter hh love for biaoutivecoUEitry, oikI hb tcir- 
lul It'iKJt^nit^Nt v( lirvrt, iin; loiintfeMtt'd Iti nprcNiioiii 
thflt fimouni to rxwratioti of 8coi)nnd, * But of Hi- 
aulliin'r^ duplicity wv *thu]\ hnve tini nmuy iuHtsnco lo< 
Mlicc io tbe progrcM of our illuAtralion«- 

Af ttie ravoiirfti? ^TMr<] bncV to tht^ boeom of his ina»^ 
t«r, Argyh ^morged from hi^ lurktu^-placf- Tbb co- 
vfTuniitiiig (.-iLUntL'ter wjtFi aiiotlurr puirxle for tlidr iiMl«w 
futigable dirtin icier, anU tltc naht^/t v( Biijil>v« record 
IM Tint }psn ajnnaing thnii inMnirlivo^ " Itefore bl^H 
Oructr's d^parturt, Arf-yle crjirt'd leavv to bpcAlc, oii^B 
tJiRt time wc tiiiiuot teeU utifkrtttttid him ; but Imor- 
^/W« Hiui^c? liuvi*niuilelBiH jn'iwi£'rM/j/fifo//r^'vau4i^<rA<*« 
plain," WIku the Commiw-ioiK-r left tljt-m, \\ivl A*> 
acmbl)' wore in n sutic of coDfuaion Jind perplexity. 
" aoiiit; lbrtH< or four Augu&mei]. wilb the Inird 
Aitbie, drpartL-d, nilrging their tN^mmi!i«ioi) hwi 
fxprcw* <JmiiHC of iJxe Kiiif^'^ rountei»ancJNg of Uie A*. 
»cmbJy." The Moderator^ Loudou, mid aoine vtljrns 
lliraiguod Ihein on the propriety of prototiTig AgAinsC 
dieCoiiiitiisAiuti(*rw4tt^j)arture, sudof tlit-ircontJnairij^to 
«it, TolhiM all ngreed, but, add^i HniLlic, " W was good ^V^H 
Hcru dU put to it pieBtuUy, fur if it had l>een (Wnyo^^ 
till the morrow, it ia feannl many would htir« slipt 
awoy*" On Uiu' inurnmv btiwrvpr, " Argylr ramc baek 
to us. Tlie M<><]crftti>r cnrnc^lly eiilrtflted hiii^ (FiaH 
tbougfi brwoB nomvmhrr tfff//r A^gcmhly, yet, for tb^^ 
amimvii iiU«n«l hv had iu tht* Cburdi. be wmild he 

• ** It I houp my \ik> <(hoiiA]i nell llrll I titto IU> plnov,) if yvu 
tliink uia wurihy uf uiii|i]uyuivnl» 1 tliull fiul vnmry ijli Elitf i^jwrnnitfrr'. 
Ijo ajEhiii ttl rFijht ; tiKl (liifi> I h'iU firftH~Taf Ijiia (iMiiitrj', * * ■ I haw 
DOW only (Ul«4.iDvmit (n youi M.^i'Hly, tZiat If luy BtrLu 11 vu tlicy uui^ 
bo brtfd Ui E]|)(1hu4L * * * J «/Uh uiy dLiu|[hc«ii bg nvvur nurrioH 



piniod lo counU-Dsnco omt nie^tm^, nn^^ besr witness 
of ibtf rifiHiivotittuetHf of all mir priK'et^diiEg:^. Thin, to 
nil irtir gn-al joy, h<? promLti^il t«Uo, nnd truly pcribrm- 
tfil Ills pTOiniM*. No oDu tiling did ooudrru il^ so iiiurb 
*s Arg> It's prwencc, not only n* he wa& hyfar thf mmt 
jmtr^i^til .tttf^i'ci in ike Inngttum^ bill aIho at Ihin lime 
Id gc)od ^riLCt? H'iih llie Kinu: riu] ihe ConimiK?<iciij(^r : 
V4; cioit/r/ irof ccnmve but hi^ ^toying was with tike nl* 
iDwaoce of both, p^mittini; hUn to be niimn^t ttn to 
kcq> BjalUrni in »t>ii>o temper, and bold us from despe- 
mt** cstixmitiwi," TJut im-t was, howeviT. thjit Arj^ylc 
tuuk tbis opportunity of unmasking biiaself, and »f u^' 
iirpiiijt— «ftor A*rf kind^the p>vernmcnt of Scotland* 
Hie Kiuiriiuid buJioured u»d truHled Argyle, nolwitb* 
ftBMllSg tile solemn drclaialions of the old KnrU that 
ndtlm' loy&hy, nor truth, uor si^dal fivling would bv. 
foaiid in hiB gop Lorn, Tbit prophecy was now to be 
fuUUicd. The rendutlonary t-un vocation, a^aembk^d fn 
tJtal n4>1»Ivni«D'« puirinurniul kin^'dom of the v<kU *md. 
suddenly k-fi witbotu a hnid, waa how ri])e for hi« hirk* 
log ambition. How aceurutely bj:jd the old Earl pr4v 
dictrd in tbat tolemn waruinf; to Charles ! A (vw years 
£pom Ihr timt" it was iiti4rn*fl, iitii! liiHri'^iirdL^d. the Kinjjf 
bliBBplf waj» coDBlmini^d tu pubb^b liie ei>injiKntary nc 
Dovr quotoupon the conduet and ehnraelrrof Ar^le In 
this Awiciiibly, 

" Tovtrds ibe end of their Awembty, they dn-MH 
IbcinMJVtS Into sri^rt^l rnmmitiffAt w^hirh shouhl, after 
llirir riHiunf. am aJl tlitrlr acts put in execution* a tbtni; 
never hrtird of before in that church. The Moderator 
C09icl<ided with thjtiih^ t» fitKl fi^r tiicir i^hh! -tueet^vis, 
sod Umo to the nobility find the rcn for their ^reat 
pftioa, and, Lh«t of all, with a speech to the EjjH of A^ 
fyl«^ giviufC lij'ii thanks for bifl prefteuce, and counsd 

l^ vhkh they ha*^ been »o much atrcti^brnrd and com- 
foried. The Lord Argj-lc nnswriW him with a long 
«|Hwelip lliyt iran-ulju^ all piv^^nt Jii^t to miscoiistniv 
hiN too Iflti^ dockriu^ hirundt' W tlu'ijj, pruU^lrnj^ llmt 
be w&« always Bot thi^ir way. but hnd delayed tu jm^ 
fees it 60 long aa he fouod bis close carrio^ might be 
mlvntitn^ous tu tln^fr <H>ti.Tst\ R\ii novr of \ette, tnat- 
ten bud cuaie to bucb *i lit^iffht, that be fvuiid it bebur* 
cd bim to adjoin hmsAf opt rr/y t^ thi'ir society, except 
h& di[>utd iirove a knave, — tliiti iva&^ aii wcarv iuform- 
4'd. bi# ounn-ord. Then be went on. and exhorted 
thriri nil tniinily^ uishiiig' nil, bnl i-spt'riuIJy the niliiig- 
cldcr« ajid uiinibters* to keep a good corrc^jwadencv* in-* 
trofltedall ihc ministers tocoji^iderwhat bad brou^bttbe 
biHliujjH (41 rnitj. viz. pnd« iitid riv:]ri4.^e ; and thirrrfprti 
willed lUrmlo*huiitlu*c two rocii:» if ihcyn-oukl cvcApo 
shipwreck. The Lord whodcliverinl ilitsiiprpcIi.dcUvpr^ 
«d, indeed, the true uieauiiiganU seuBeoflhe Coveiijinl-* 
CTii, for it wji-s tii^itber the bi^liops bringing in tfw prr- 
ti-iidt^ triiiovuilf>tis nor their su^^peclin^ them U> he 
guilty of tb?- odious crimes expressed against them iu 
UieirlibeJ, which jfiL-i^tLsed this and the olherCoveiiaiitui^ 
Lords o^uinat the Bishojici, but their feur of their d^dly 
rising in dignity and plncL^, which, in thin Nj>cceh, is 
called />W^ iu Ihenu ^nd ihcir fear that the bibho)B 
ntight recover out of their bands by law, som« of Uie 
church lauds helougiiig to Ibeir cImrdieH, wbieb in thin 
^pee^h ia eulled avurUe in the biididjis. In the meau- 
tirnt', whethcrr it be imi itriiiL- iu tht'^e lord^ to envy any 
tiuiii'0 rjfeing in the churclk and connvi on wealth, nccord- 
ing to that worth and sufficiency, which his Prince »iiall 
hud iu hini^ ami whether it hi' nut uvuricc iu thviu^ not 
CO endure that other mcu should legally seek to recover 

Eiieiit of 





\\te indtflereut iTa<ttfr. But for thin rc^-olled Lflrd, who 
mmie thifl Hp<<rrh, ntul pmftvsrtti in it| thnt, if he bad 
now D04 adjomrd binmclf fa ibom, h« should iiavc ;j^»p- 
rdn ivfrerr, Wir c^in |ipVL- lliis tcHtinmiiy uf bini, thnt fit 
his Uxi Iwiuj; licrc wilb Usi in Eiiglciud* at which tina- 
wrr lind gnnd ri-n«on io mivdoubt him, he gave ma as* 
Mimnn' chnt ho wuuld rost fully ^ntiKtieil if we would 
perfciTin tboae thlrij^^ which we have tnaJe jjixmJ, by 
•nr last graciouH ilt.H-|jtrutiuii» in which we havr grant- 
ed mwv tliaii wv tlu] ill ihut time promist^, «o that we 
hftil litllo rvnsoii lo rxp<*rt his nHjoining hhnstflf tO 
tbcni, wLu had ^icrti Ub hu ^Teut ahBiiruiict? lu the ccm- 
tnry, besidofi lluttansuruiice which heguvctooiirCoui- 
iMink>Eier wheu ht-wan in Sorttluuil ; ami now, if by bfs 
own coiifr!(fi<)ii he carncj things closely fvr tht Cuve- 
wintrrs' mivnnlflgOt Ix'ing then onr<^fthi' LtonU of our 
artrrt cewttc^/, uud thut in tlie i-iiU ht^ must openly jitin 
with ihein or be II koiive, whut he hnlh proved himself 
to be, by his eiosv ami Mw c^rringei kt the worhl 

\^*l^eD AluiilrrihL' eros»ed Twci'^J with the rebel* in 
1G40, and, mn <kinoerncy becnine developed front under 
ihe dtv^uiHc of ptktriotiajii, huthnu^ht himnelf t>f Hui-ret- 
]y rountermlaiiig the omiiiiMiteiit faction that hud de- 
mvrd him nnd nthi<rh> he wns only f^truggJinj; to wive 
tbe Kin^. frofi^ whose councils he w;t6 excluded, ;iiid 
acting a part, which, however deroifatory find uiicon- 
geniaj tu bin open thujiicler, was periloiiB Ut hla per- 
•ODt and Huilitrieiilly juMifitfil by the naeesaity of the 
CBM. 'That of Argyle is the converse of this. Tbe 
fittonudouA position he avowed — of a co^cea/ed patrtftt. 


profeflBing lofalty , aad promifling ud to fais sovereign^ 
yet lurking JD his councils only to betra7 biiu,— can 
admit of no excuse. To be a privy-coundDor was Ar- 
gyle^a hereditary and conBtitutional poeititm; and that 
he continued to be a privy-councillcff for tJie alleged 
purpose of playing into the hande of bc^ef patriota, in- 
stead of patriotically joining them inthdr q>en revoU, 
can be classed under no cat^ory of virtue, enterpiiae, 
or necessity, but was simply a safe and cowardly per* 
version of a sacred constitntionat trust. The diffo'ence 
between the two cases is the difference betwen the di^ 
racters of Argyle and Montrose; 

*«■ TSK Unurr or tin M>ITH V*1 P4KAL1!KBt> IT IIJ(IULTD>f) AKD 

mtm MwrtT Wa* ■*!>< i-niBONvii nt iio-<tiim« amu tni tovKMAiTTiiRt 

nAViKG, ia tb«lftfltchApUfi',coutJ?niplated Moiiinwo 
«aak«der fai the A»»(^nibly of I05S, wherein he felK^wed 
■onMwIuU too bon«iC for the councils of the CureuuTLt- 
ci^ irr hiiw now to follow him in expetlitioim whrn^ hv 
JJlEcvisc prov^ htCQseir to be loo hiuiian^ for ihclr arme, 
n&ntdjr, agalDRt HuDtly, and the ever* memorable loyal* 
utB of ihc uorlli^ But, in ihe ftr^t place, w% inuHt 
cwuipdcr llie poHtJiPU in which lluutly was pluced by 
Ham i lion. 

Even ulUr cerUln indirldnala in ScotlAnd. Among 
irboiii wo ukuat reckon Montrose, hnd brought t}ial un- 
hitm>y CDuatry into thv prr<lieunii;nl wbieh uiif^btliave 
exnurd n little " fircooit 8Wor<)" to check the progn^ss 
of aamrcby, Charles Invariably proved Ijiin^idf inon-npt 
to yield Ihan to reaibl, and. aa w« have i^cen, instead of 
leodiii^ IW aniiy uguinstt tht-Hi, devolved iLu laek of set- 
tling Scotland upon n '* kindly Scotcbiimri," the " arnbt* 
^uotM" fsoti of a covenaniing tnolher, V\'h(Mi that Com- 
BDinitfoeri after api>areijtly exertin^^bini self. and iu vain, 
tofeevpUtf armed eoni'enUifn of 1{J33 within the bounds 
of eufuiUtiitiuinil iintl CbrtKiiati order, wruU tu Clmrlesf, 
^^ it ii more than prob^iblc tbnt these peoiiJc h^vc 
aomewliiit eJur in their thonghu rhnn religion ; but 
llMt IDiUl arree for a cloak lo rebellion, wherein for u 
tktte llioy may prevail ; but lo nia/ie tii^m mijferahl^^ 
ABil bring llHrni again to n dutiful olH.-dteni'e> I urn erin- 

VOL, J. 



uoKTnofiB A^rD r»K cov^ntAKTett^. 

fideot your M^csty will uoi fiud it a work of loiif; Lixut^, 
tmrnf gtTAl difficulty, as tbey hare foolidlily Taiidedto 
theiusvltys." — iiud wlien Ut proivt^dcd Cu lay do^«u tbe 
pJaii i>f u tiioMt formidiiWc hiVHuioM, which, he adJ*, 
" will cvrtniiily «q irritair^ iWin, lu^ sJl thn^i^ who wilb- 
Ilk Uiiv coiuUry Bland for yoiir MajoAty will bo In gnat 
mid immirrcnt il/tnger."* — J( wae iiniKwaibJc for th& 
inounrch lo dt> oihrrvrittc, thun rvspooJ in a tout of 
royal lridSf;n»1iuu u^ji^Ht liiv unruly aptt irrutif>iuil suh- 
JectH. and prt-pore fur iDi^vitubit? dvil \t-ar. f Slill, 
hourcvrr, it wtv^ thr rvJI gi^ihiK MarnUton that rukd 
the dcstinjvs both of St-utlatid and tli*^ Kiu^. Thai it* 

alr«uily Pt/tTr<i<l to, 

40TI whli'lLfJj4.-lHV4>uriUiu^iHlAiKl |i[muii«i1,i-viii tinJn ««ttli ihvludMri' 
(rrirttjuub, — "^Hiid Ki luprociHd Willi Crv judkwuEU i^pimkl aU diaatllAt 
■hn.Uduvbv) " MiiM«JHly'«proc1uDi9tioD«liliiiirmi«, MrbMdb(ib<t 
ti.|i,30O,>B*y«.tkiitCbAtrw.*'ta*pLtcrufiJu.-|^Dvra1 abb orrclW^ ro JwJ; 
lo luruii tliu cuionfe Kid Utitrify by An uilkwunl Ufwii Jkotland." Ba< 
dii« iiiiMfrTtiiknUiiiIbf'aoalniry CO hbiDiy. ChiirUi* wm* duI prp yr i rf wtk 
fe ijn^lt rx>)f luDi^nr or «hlp to cDforL^c ihntc DuvDrcks vhieh tio vkhrlrr" 
vbrn hi? HM^i^rlbinivl llm vinlDnt oveik^TiicnTrhvy wtn-uld toliaw mvd. 
H«»^n IWIIiM.mtmiMifhUmjiivki^hritB nf (riJiriKJiml htTf<iiiM] fin-Clitrla^ 
Ay-f^— ^' il b>4^ ('T^i ihu KJii^V pvr|H.^Liial btkiJl di i^rtiil liiApttifklc^Bdrtii" 
A^ ^(/j, mill H> IflTu Lti ti^rr 1o«t Ui iljiink>." Sn' il^i^.-^ ll^lUa dvatnt iL* 
credit wtik:li lUln r^iruou Tuv HtimutirXLon |irfK;urixl fui' him. If Mnf Ittt 
«d upon It ]«ut throD unwnttvnliibW ^niiniijilciiih ; tU l«f, llui il ■■*» 
ponai^U for a h^'iulnilL\l, cnll^bivncd, ^nd <Jhri"Ei«ii ltliij( ai odc« la 
p«v%lvi<tfilbrrn EUAwity. 4ir |uviiHL-ty,cirylL?lLliugwif thing to ImV- 
it-clinnnry dcnkjiniLs iiiintifcinif %xam -nrh n riwjt <u thi^ /ile4tHntot and 
tirti pi)b)idy miinifi^Tp'd by ^nti' nn oiibhriitk ujs *<> uw nHillif's Aim 
tvoriik." did Mf viii|[*iiiai(1i ol LiliiibuiuKlK'tfinniniE Topiitl dntiu thcbi- 
ihol>'4 priJvh" td, Tl^iT I.^Uiiilv^"i *iiiiiMi u( tlic wtn^lu mtiuxt irj» tivt 
Irvtiibli'il mid dldlorK-d, and tiLn imtii'y mrttfnll^l hjiiJ luulilHtBil, Uimui^ 
ihk> [H>liry o'tlkii &klhln» llnmiLtoiir Jf^» That lW Kiiuc } ^^Idrd c» 1I»- 
tIPADtl loo Ink', in,ql4^d nt lottmuch mid UNJ hiuiUy^apd ihai. aiippo4U| 
fiD lihil ^nuitt'il, wbjit LUNLItral]4 "|il<pit'Jiilv'id<*Env.''i>llh<'*«'yfini 
IhmI fif Ui-tujEi. Biirl to ihe full ^itiDitF i>f il^ linnxvr^ \'v would lia^vgdt 
DlliH "* tLuiku" tJjjin twLntf Inl 4iK>ii«r lo iht* block' 

fOllCr or JIAMILTOK. Sll 

iDAriciU* kUcr to *vhich wv have so freqitentlj- referred, 
wfacrehi Hamlltnn i^mmritte so cunningly an*\ \iiir- 
Ually upon the characiera of the leading noblemen ia 
8cotJiiiii1, covl^n.<d u tW'^T tlosigii than tu put the 
KJn|E in jKMsuMiuii of iiutbentk iuforutation. Tiiimgh, 
in addition to tbi? <^xi-cruiin^ t^xprcssions we tiAvc c']m> 
where quoted froau ft, Hamiltim ^ays, — " I havp wirf- 
§trt my end in nf^t being able to niak<* your M^je^ty 
BO cotiMiit^niblL* a ]rjirty a>i will Ih^ able to curb tlu! /p^m* 
^0f ^ Mj> reheUious nation, withoLit a^siiJtuncc frgrn 
biigUnd, iinil ^rrntt-r thar^ tu your Maj^^Mty thnnthii* 
mistrM^ coMttfry i* worth " — he ccaild not fail, the fact 
bdng notorious to pninT m Hnntly hh tlie centre und 
nJlyiog poioL of loyally in 8cxitlauil. " The Ik^I wny," 
be uy«< "^thai for th* present I can think on to secure 
Ui«m« And tu make Minte Uend fur yaur MajrNty, i«j tn 
ippOioC ihr MarquiH of Iluatly in tlic north your Ma- 
jraCy't* ti^uieiiant, vrlth full [iow<-r to him to raiae auch 
and M many men as he ^hnll think convetiient for the 
defrnce uf the eountr)' ;" And yeu it wijJ be renicmber- 
ed. Rollick, in lijfl h-iier to Patrick Lewly. IcUn \i&, — " tJie 
Martpxia Hiujlly wdm hitt aJI|;hlod by thr Ctirnmissiouer, 
umI not of biK privy-cvuneil/' — und in titc vcj-y jviti-r rc- 
commrndiTig llitntly'v npjHiiniinrnl, the wiJy favourite 
takve caru to damn him mih faint praiK'.* When, in 
m •erie«rfpoliiical|Kirtrnitfienlculat«l to irnpresa* Charles 
vith the idea that nohiji\y at thie* critiin euiild he litly 

* * TW Mbtiliiia of UitflUy U unknown Iv me, niunj Uihei in Bvannl ; 
%^ mmA aiiinD*d i* hvlivrv (yirt ant thv HurHrfor niai)ira4uLvdiobp 
■M oBljr pip4fb]ylnrltni>rL, tiuivtvn ■ iliriMii JtuirLan Cucb^jJl?^ nay.tli#y 
t^mnmut iflVuhim u^ pcnoiulluiiu, But, huwevct, ihU I ttm muv 
wif w^if4 tn^ anim^ itrt hvlmli pfDWd« dlt^fiL^ *vfvu;i tn ynn. auil I 
■BnoAdHU will tie ofcTriiffr uat whf^ti yanr Mi(Jm<y iJiall Bdvumiin 
four iMftid « « ■ The MBr()uk* of lluotly (Trtdiil| vamy tn trtMtd by 
yM^ tiM ■4ia4iJjfl^jriw /onuf ny." 


vosrrtOK A»D TH£ covcmamtcks. 

U'UttU'd wiUt the govcramcDt of Scotland but HftiiiitloL 
hiniMlf, ilint noblcmfln arldii, — "Ibongh nrxt liell J 
hftlc this pJoct*, if yuu tliink me wortby t>f aoy viiiplof- 
luetit, Ifthalhiut wvury till tUe|,'ovtniii)i?ut be aj^in wt 
right, uttd ibeQ I n-Ili funwvAr tliia cuuutry,*' — it is fin< 
powibJe to doubt ihnt bis tdfiah obj<'cl uas vtjll to pre- 
wrve his fxrlu«iv<" JiiHurncr over tbc Kiii^, nntl thfsT 
fairs of HcotUnd. Such wm the cfT^t, he Jca£t,,of hU 
letter, for by return of ]>ost hi« Mnjc«ty n-plj«l ; " Ha- 
milton— I have vtut back tliia botii^nl beautr bolb for 
KBfrty tif my ii<tl<-rH, uud la ensc itk- frum length «f 
writing : th^Toforr, in u word, I thniik you for your M 
Biid drnrriispntchjlotjiny ngrrrii^ with you iu every 
pointi as wdl iii ihe charac/ers qfmen, ba Lu the way yea 
Atvrr ^^ </oj^'n to rcMiuri.* them to obedk'ni^o ; ouly thv 
iiiEii^ whvit Ui^bi^giii to iict l» CDii.tidcrubtt-. To dm 
cod 1 have fuUy jti»tnictcd the bvartr with the itMeof 
my |>repar&liotie, Umt you may gowrii my busiooe^ae- 
ccnliuj^ly. Vou liuvtr ^'Ivcii mt^ Mich good satJafiKtioii 
ihnl I menu ut*/ io put any other %n tka M^ trusi m 
tAffjir ^ffbirn hut ^jimrteif" 

Under tb^ti' fatal AUKpiccitf Htirilly wus ttoniiiuilly in- 
vesitsl with tht* lieuletinncy of the iiorOi, apd witli au- 
thority Io ffii^t- his own Ivviea for ibe Kiug'a wrritt- 
■Most reasonably hnd lir ref|Lnred thnt, Hh»ii|f with bi» 
conutii^eLiun, thtrre should he i^eiit to him from Cngluid 
two or tliree thousand itien, nnd nrniA tor Ave thousand 
mort, UH he waa in duily expetlaliou of a hostile vi*il 
from Moiitrosie, Upon the 25lh of Jaimary 1659- Sir 
Thouius Bitnu'i nf L<'y»p u keen Co veii otitic, though nt- 
tnrhed U\ the huuse of ITuntly. came to th< Man|UH, 
and iu a rriendly utanniT told \i\n> thai X\w Tables at 
Edinburgh had directed a coiiiiuittee to j>ubi)iilt th«acU 
of the lost A*semblj" at tlw? niitrket^crosa of Aberdeen, 




»d also to visjt the CulZi'^^ uf OM Abci-Juen, And ** re- 
^r ih« fAulu iliereof." Upon Htmtly's evpressingp 
aunitf tlitfUppruUiliou of tliin pJan, ae contrary tu lUe 
Kifi|c'!t [tuiJiurity, «fi(I the pcflce of (he country, Btr 
Hionias replied, "My Lord, f feartliege thiogb will be 
done- wilh nn nrmy." In VAin the gallant Huntly t<*<ik 
uji hitt aIkmji: ill Abi-riK't^tj, (his piri'voit giianU-d uigiit 
Anl day by four^aDd-twetitty geritletiieaur rnnk aud con* 
diliou) uimI, from tbutice east luuiiy U lurigiu^ louk to 
Ui* »*a-purt for hW promtned succours from Euf^Jaiid, 
** 'njec-iHniniteuup HuMtJyr(«vivird, — thL*Biil ofnieu wiut 
promiMid — but iiotbing came to biiu« after much ex- 
pectmtinn, but rtnnH for thrrc thoiisaitd foot nnd u 
littadrwl bort*. which camo not to hini till that year 
1b Marcbr and trjTc sent upon tlic chftr^s of l)r Mor* 
tuci, Bifibop of Durham. As for th^ soldii^rb who sliouJil 
hmv^ ktidi<d at Aberdeen, or dsowhere- it ia true that 
tbe Kiag bad promi^^ed Ilimtly ai^i^i&lance of ]ik«n. but 
the Marquitt of HaTnilton,— whu always lookt'd upon 
lluntly witb tui evil eye, as the eiiiul.itijr of hi^ great- 
iKW, and wilbnl was n secret frletid to tbe Covnian- 
tCTT^-— tlimuidvd the Kin,t^ froEH sending ini-n, alleging 
fur hU rcAWti tbnt, if the King ilid ho, h would Inrn nil 
tll0 burdm of tho war u|ion tlie King. How truly this 
woM fttkl I leave to the r^dera. One thing certainly is 
iroe, ihul. by tbia cuu[tM-l, thti King's boptstliut be hail 
coiKeivftI from his friends in Scotland wereblfuted; 
far the iioblcineo und Higbhuidcrs, who stoud for tliu 
Klag in Bcothnd. prominni their conciu-renca u|Kin that 
ezpTFMi comlition, thnt thry might bave a con»idorablQ 
utuab«r of train«d noldierfi lo join wtib, who never ap- 
peai1n|ft mkik of those who bad uiiderlaken to do inucb 
for tbp Kin^, either could not, or inaile tJml their pre- 
lext why Ibiry would not stir. It uaa by thi,i miann 



Uiflt Huntly U'as engaged in a manner tilonc. and 
cemil&ted to ]siy down Iiih lu-niis, nnd rtTtnln* hiniAtflf 
Inarch folJowing I"* 

But Hainiltoii w;i8notcont«Dted with leavinjf Html 
to bis own rp&uiiri:e«, ut tljiH cniicul juncture* The 
King wrolL- lo ihe Initt-r ihnt he, Huntly, imut recdvB j 
oU Jujs cctuiimnil& t'roni Humiltuo, luiii the inxtmctioiu 
wlikbj thruiigli t!ii9 thnnnt'U Hundydtd rcctu"cw*revt*i 
reiDBiii aa tnucb as pohs'ih]<- un tlic tWfciiMve, Aod I^M 
risk no hostilities- Thw nil thp loynlty of thr norf^ 
becaiue worsv tlmu U6vli;6e. aud lh« gAllaiit aiiMi i^ner' 
gctic preparations, which hnd be^n madi? by th« Abe> 
dcDiauH Ju ilefvuctTortUdr RdifcJou* tiidr Libt^rtio*, 
their King, only brought severer persecution upon 

Upon the l»t of Fcbniary. Montrose, ihc Earl of 
Kinghom, Lyon orAu]dhnr(Klngtiorn'^ brother) aoidfie' 
veml other baroiia and gcnlleuii^n of ilie coveijotitin^ 
fftLitoik, rnn^i? to Forfar, llie hend biir^fi uftht? Khirir of 
AfLj^us. ^ndthert?, bydireitiou of the TabIrK, hrUI nrom- 
inittiv within the Tolhooth of the town. In oj^positJon to 
tlieue retue iJie Eurl of Soutlit^k, 1h<- Knrd Oji^ilvyp the 
master of Spynif, the coDstAbIc of Oundee, atiU sundry 
other loyalists. The cominltteo nY[uired them to rniH- 
flcribe the l«st edition of the Covetiaut. containing the 
total nhjiiration of EpiHL"o|iucy uk unluwfiU in itself; but 
h&Hiig received the itiOi^niinl reply they probably aq* 
tIcJputed, Moutro«i-^ and bin frirndw prof^trdi^rl to ih^H 
chief bu<sines&. which was to provide the ^iitew^ <jf waf 
by vtenting^ or rjpporfloning ih<t linnncinl burden of ^^ 

* Junu lii^nluQ'A M& Ili?1i4ip Bufnci U tAtntly unnlili- tn rli«|aovi» 
M^mnira of Humilwn, p, 117, la* oomplvtr ftiilupe. 


nj6 bon*vt S|»k)]n^. " xpcired (in<|ijired) by wlidt ."lu- 
dMrlljr tliry mi^tv ilxua t^tvnt'tng thr KiTi|r'tt Itidp^ii? 
M<j|iUOM. beliig til» Mn-iD-lftU', answcr^di tlidr wAr* 
null wxk3i from Ibi* Tablr, (for ho u'orr Iti^^ir coutk-jIh at 
Ediiiliurgb iiuw oanied,} retiuiriiig biin also, and thv 
lt«t that H'L'fv tlivri.', tu uunibt'r tljtir mtti. ami hnve 
dR*ni well unucd, nud in readiness to contriir aiid Uissbt 
t^ Table, Southcsk nnji»-ered, tlitj* were all ibe King's 
iDi-ti, Hubjert lo hh t^rvlcct but to iu> T»blt' uor subject 
fitting Uivrr:it> uiidibM ibeir lands were u<i\ ?(ubject to 
b» Aetitcvl, tHiT tbdr irieu iiiunbi'red, but at thi.- Kiiig'a 
cOBnuuid And in bitt wervkt'* and so they tuok tlieir 
laivc. Irnvin); M rmtmcH- n nd Ibe rust sUtinj^ f^till in the 
krtbuutb of Forfar, nt tbcir committee/' 

Al this seme time mt^lJigmre way brought to Htmt- 
If ttuit .Moairoee ^nd his committee were tu buld a 
mocUng at TurrefT, a Tuurk^'i'lowi] irbouL elcvfu mtles 
■Mtward pf lliuttly'H cuatleofStratbUc^k. mid that their 
object WM to join in a srund eonclave wilb the nortbcrn 
CorcDanlitrs ebk'tly cuni|Kxsed of the Foiheses> Frazei"% 
KrilbA, oDil CiichtonK, Huntty w^^ strenuously ad- 
TJAcd, by Ojcllvy of Itnii^^ to iimster his owu fulluweni 
at %hv Bsuie |>1dce« i>u tbe «ame d^y. to opi^rutt; as a 
rbcckupiin ibt.' f'uvi^nanltrs. Moiitrost' wan rnforiiieil 
of (bis rcM>lut>on, H-hicb Iltiiilly adopted, but the etfcct 
upon hinnrdc-nt and cntcrfiriKingdispoairimi wnNibc rc'- 
vcTM of what bnd bcvn expected, '*Monlro«e/' saya 
iaancs Gordon. " was rvndy nr n mil, nnd, — bdng de^ir. 
timi to sboir hinu^f aji active in hh charge as h^ limJ 
htfn remaiksble for countenancing protest atSoiia. and 
tbeOvncrulAiwenibly of GbH^OM', and puUin|c down the 
ofgonn 4>f tbe ('hnpi^l Koynl 4)f Hulyrocxl Hoime, in tbc 
KJng't Fobicc. Uiu Aununcr and winter pa«t, — witli such 



of tlu; iruvalry oHhc Mcurnti mid Ati^us gcalrytm 
in?areat or readiest, or iiirotl zealous to the servk*, 
tlic» iivrr llii) Urxirnpinn Inllis with nU spt^t^d })(k^ib]i% 
vciUTc e\'er eleepiDg or fv»tin^ UU he got to TuxrelT, 
wcumpftnied with the Dumber of oear tvo ljundred ^U 
Lant f^ntlcmtn. Laving lint tiot ueglectcd to bid ihe 
Forbeaes aiid KruKt^H, fiud ull wliom tlie TiihurtJiL'^ of 
tJio tjjue could pennit tbem to courentr. to b« tbeV^I 
timeously upon tlii.- day ap|H)itttad, trbjeh they foiled 
uot to do." By nieaUB of tbie fort'L-il murvii, Motitnne 
rcnHi<vI Turreff befort; Htiiitly nrnt'ecl, and tn\inU*T\n\ 
with his own followers and friends who hud jotui 
him, lo the number, nnys 8palding, of '' dght hundi 
well-faor^cd, well-armt'd j-entJeiiieu, uad foot tof>i.Hbvf. 
with bulTcoats, swords, corakts. jacks, pistola, curbiots. 
h:if;bulH» and other H-ea|?ouh, — Ujey took into the towu of 
Turrefl^ aitd busked (arranged) very odvaDtAgrvutJy 
their iniiKketit I'oiiiul about Uie dyke^ of Uie krrk-yi 
And sot within thr kirk thereof, such as were (rf 
eoinmiUeei viz. Montrosi-, Kinghonj, Couj>er, Fi 
aud Forbes/" 

No soonidr were they lhu8 itttuhliahed, than ibe 
of lluutly'tt army airived, oud. Iiuiliug the villiigv 
formidably ueeupieil, drew oDTlo the fields m tbeiieigh* 
houi'hood- Huntly was accompanied by a galhiut host 
of '' genllemeu. itiu\ others, about 2500^ ull inounte<] uit 
hortif, though all the hotae Dot fit for service, nor all 
the men lit to serve oD horse." For his couudl ofvfM^M 
he had his gallant son^, the Lords Gordon and Aboyn^^ 
who, wllh the loyol lairds. Drum, Itand', Uight, Hnddfl^^ 
Pitfoddela, Foveraji, NewtouD. and Udoy, urf>ed thdipl 
commander to fall on tho Coveoantera at once, ond 
c^l^h ivIielliuD at it9 tiret appearance- The Kiuj^'^ 
LicVt^lJUUlt they muK u'ontU do uu more tiiim bi» dll! 

PtllST IIAID OF TllllllKFr. 


by dii^'rslng tlic rrb(^1»i, mid If, mi tht? othf^r hum], tic 
[JqinritMl wjlbout fttiikinp; a blnu% bis loynl and rcsi>- 
\xite fciUowera. dtahearlrniHl by thfs inaction* would 
iio4 M) rvadi)}- coave^i; a^iu, BiU the Mai-quib of 
HamiUon hatd aiTon(c«I Ttiutttra oiJitrwlMt?. Huuily, in 
nplf to Uudr spirited rcaHomng, i^ouIdonJyatisiwi^r, timt 
hb<>ndlfr<wtf9H0f/A./^A/, Ami. taking asiik' the prinoi- 
pai itoUeni^n aiid j^ntb-nicn ot' Jiie train, lu- sniiAfted 
Uieni of lfa« discouragiug fnct, by sfiowin^ the irhiruc- 
tioo^ 1m- hMl roc4-)Vi.-i1- For tbe i-est, lie LljaiJanJ Xhcm 
for tbtfir prDiT»|it altt^ikdancc, and cxhorled tli^m to coji- 
Unuc firtii in tbeir tuyatty. Meaowbik tbi- E;irl of 
FiaUtcr, who oi-conipaiiled Himlly, but, tut allt-gt'd by 
tbc conI«ii[«>rHry djrcjnidiTK, willi bttk- stoinncli for 
ligliUiig, po^fttd over, of bis cvru accord, to Moutiofee> 
to depPfcwtP a TvncmiiittT. iWoiitroflr Rciit bnck this 
iMMige to lluntly, tbat be and his party had no iiilt^u- 
t&oo of biy«kin](lhe puldic |>eAi.c, or luoleHtin^^^any one, 
tet vrouJd not mbinit to injury, if tli^^y luuld help it ; 
addin^t Ibol, if Huiitty and bis fricndH had buHincK^ to 
UsDGBct in the town of Ttirrcft, tlwy iiii|-lit k'takf 
Ifa^maclvo lo any part of it cxctpt ibnt occupied by 
tiit^ CoVL'naiLU^jv. So vinicd n mrctin^ from ubldi 
itiiidi wu eSEpeclcd and tilllr cnmc to paaa, Huntly 
broke up bid rcndezvouA b«fore «uik«et, and sent tlir 
loott of hh own Tollou'ors back to Strathbogiv, niiflcrr 
iheeotntnaiid uj' bia wH^ond son, ibt^Viacuniit uf Atioync, 
dirediog hi« owa coiicttv tou'ards F<jrg)cn, thcr bouw of 
(Jgiivy <if Banir.UH'oinpatjird by tbc- Urnvf? hnrons who8« 
blood WHS up io rain. Thi^ydatiUcd their »ti*cdJH ihi-oii^b 
ihr viUiigc of 'rurrt-II't riding uinki- lite wiiJLb of the 
kirlc-ymrd, and within two pikiV length of Montruiic 
aiMl hi» OQOmidvft. But not n u-ord was inttri-iiangvd, 
and no aalirtaUoD, or >ign of courtc^, post betwixt tht.' 



loyal Huntly aud thv coveimutinj* Montrose. Bailli^l 
— prejuciiceJ, Aud UI iuformrd ii6 li> ihp mmJVcn anA 
bpriupt vrucLimi tliut rc>fii!u(t?<I the- couUuct uf miLy 
whom Ite rrw^rda. — whru rrjtiinng, witb fantftirAl e» 
cjtcmoitt, ovrr thi.T fiufTtTJii^ of the iiortli, vpcaltH of 
HiinlJy us one whc^c cowardice hud bf-triiyt'il tli<- party 
that relJtMl u[*on hinu In France, however, Up'bcre Uiat 
tjobleniAn v^as better kuowa, the nunirar of thiH rvn- 
<l4'zvoiiPH took jtb 6liapi> frozn tht- ri'putatioii HuiitJy hndi 
acqmred iu a laud of chivalry. " Thitt \» thai me«t-i 
iij^/" suya James Gordoii^ aftrr nnrrutiiij; what wchuvi 
more sliorlly noticed, " which nftfr«riird« wan ktiowi 
tindc^r the name of the Jirjif raid ^ 't^mff, u> dintlrj- 
guinh Lt from a nrucouiitit- that fdl out there in May- 
foiiowing, thnl yoar, (1031),) bclwixl Huittiy'sfollow^^nvl 
and Ihtir iitighhcHim, the Covenatitem of iltt shires ol 
Aberdeeu aud Banff. It wns looked upon as an aetioi 
oil HuTitly^M ]i(iii., whose depth oriny&ti-ry few or none 
t'ould dive into, • Y*t fame, lh«t U ito niggnr<l in her 
reports, when it eame the length of Pnris miido tt pan 
there in the P^nihiad gaaelte, uuder no lc«s a DOtU 
than the Me^ atid taking of^tht^ ^rent town of 7^j 
in Scofiantf, i^ t/if Mnrtfur^ y/" Jluntlij. u honi Frani 
Inew hotter than they knew l\uTctr, hnving i«<eii hii 
some fvw yeara before aiiiou|:^t the armic* of thr iin 
C'hristlfln King, commander of tho cnmpnny of thi 
Scottish ^'^ntiartJter^ whii-Ii L-uiiipaiiy i« the tecood 
Franco, iu the aervit'e agoinat Lorrain nnd Alsatfa, 
where likewise hisLwoeUk'MtnmiN, Oeor^^e LordOordoutl 
and James Viscount of Aboyne, pa^t their apprenti 
■diipM in ihe Echool of Mom." 

* Tt U «i0ldcnll7 pwpJftiiw) 1>> nhnt w* dow koow of ihv policy 

TUti good Uiwn ur Aberdi^it. expecting & visit from^ 
UoUrOM upon Uiih occ^l^iotu li:ul pUccd tbemselvog in^^ 
a BUkat fortnidAblc [HtAtiirt* ml' ilrlViioc. Hut tlie day 
after HuDUy broke up his nrmy, Moritroncr dUbnnded 
hk own vaiyi mtd betouk biiikself to tbc »ouUi, wbei^e 
pnpnntums wcrie ta bc^ made on a greater scale ngainat 
llw itroi^hold of loyalty and Eenming. 
- Tliu iiKniientary glnritjg un eacb otbi<r ut TurrefT, ir- 
ihaMd botb Huntly nnd Montrose to active operations 
for n bo(til« encounter. HuiiUy Miil expected tbc re- 
lAfurtemoDts from England, niong niili inMnictions to 
arU mad tu the meauwliUe i^aiBed a little artuy eulirelyiB| 
from bi» own prlvat* reaourcts. " I baveiu my young- 
er yt-ant" siiyH Jiutien Gurdun, " often btid occasion to 
»• bolb pAniex nt ttiat time, yet I cannot per^mploH- 
l]f dftrrtntnc thr numbiTr ttf iboHn wlio tben niid after- 
vardabonanpstiTidcr irimtly> comiimnd. Vet Isu|>- 
poar f am not fav horn tlie truth if I siiy that bi8 fol^ 
Juwcra mid frieudfi were about Ibree ihouj^nd, niuet 
port foot, and horse tbe resU it wm witli n number 
mK tnutiy fvti'vr tliat Huiilly did keep hiw neJEt render* 
V0Ua ni Invrniry in the end of Mnrclj." 

MoDtroM'i on bii^ |Nirt, wag no lea^ netivo than Huntly 
to pat fainHdf in a posture ol^'cnsiw, and wan rc'-tolved 
lu be- DO loogvr OA pcacefiU aii be liad beeii ^it Turrvir. 
In order to be thoroughly pre|Tare<l for Huntly, he 
fcnd^-i jnliuiattou * of bis plans lo the (.-oveimntiug pnrty 
of the Forbeses, Fi-aiers, and otber% in the sbirtH uf 
AbrrdiH-Ti and HutilK unci achrHiH** the ( ovfunnter^ be 
luirth the river Spey. xucb n* belonged lo Murray, Hoais 
Sutherland, CalthnrKH, to be ruHdy, with all tbey couJd 

• tl WM t*xt Innyvr* wlitt wm Mtil whh ihii*v coiumuidH fmin Mon- 



make, to rriAL-ch over Spey nn<l join witb liuii. if iifc^d 
should bo. 

Fur more than a twtlvtfitioutli pflhl. aud Pit Ibe i 
Kiiig hud Wen Ec^d by HnmiUuii tu ruptempltitr tbc no* fl 
mmcy »f ait ftpi>i>ELl to unujw tlie juuto at Eiltnborgb, 
—who MiffVrrd ncithrr MontroKr nor Biulll? lo bavo 
llit> cHfriv lo what the latkT cftll* the " hi'tri't wli«Ja 
uilbia ibc ctirtain. wber« the like of me wiu« tvot,**-^' 
hcKl !»«"ii secrttiy pririiurin^ fc»r dvil war, by collrrtin^ 
miiinunition, pikcK, ^md olbcr offciuuve wcopoiM, luiil 
onlirjng Iininc, triim incrcrriiiry rntnpnign^i on th^^ roll* 
tjDejitt tbt;jf war and wc^thrr-bcBten oounlrymeQ. wbo 
bad served ibo vciy beat npprcnliKNshlp for ibe pur* 
pUtttfB of the faction- It waji not luerely the miJitciry 
experi<^nce of such ofRcors that would n^ndi^r ibcmmort 
dfiriunt thuutiVuL Muutru^f* — oa tbi? |)n;tradrd dcft^ncn 
of Religion atid Libt^rciesp bccanir developed iii iH 
o(£vmtVi: form of n fitrtiouj; rebelUoit, — but tJie fnfvrtor 
and (irofcssional ^tjituK. of these inercenArk*, guArauttfvd 
Ibtf <.-au8<.i frani the faUil vi^vci of rivalry amon^ noble* 
men» whose relative claims to commauj couJd not have 
bcf-'n St} L'utiily ailjustt-'il ; niid, itioi^eoit^r.^-^n invalu- 
nblu ctrcuin stance to thv covenanting nrnw, — it wn» tbc 
principk of jiicrceuury ncrvict* tu nttc-nd rather to ibe 
pro&t that might he gained in th* profeeilooaL vu- 
fffigeinent, than to (ho mi^rit^ or the ttaiur^ of the cause 
eaiJouaed- Thv well known Sir James Turner, (vi'ho be- 
cajue a covcnnDtiiLg soliUcr for a Abort lime, aimply be- 
rauHc, whvu iu seareb of eervive, be hnpiieui'd to btuuible 
upon their urniy.) make^ thia roufession in bis aniuoing 
meniolrfi, that he wtm one who '* had swuHowlhI, with- 
out diewiug, ill firrniany a very dangcroux mnxiin, 
whfeh military tuvn Ibciv too much follow, which wjis 
that »o we ^rve our masters lioaestly. it in no matter' 



wbal mnnti-r wc serve," It linppencci, aoiToHingty. Tlint 
Um Gcnnan wars had trained up u g(rur<rul \vliu in 
^vtwy rspecc was moat suiti'il for the {mrpoAcs of ibc 
** prime CovenantorK." But Uilb celebrated character 
atwt bti introductsl in the ivoriJs of die dritmatio Spald- 


" Now ibout thin tim^ [J^fiitary 1<>:;9J or a )it* 
tlv befbWr tliere came out of (kTiiruiiy> fi-um thi.* vt<ur»,^^'c-niLeinuii of bave birtb,* boru iu 
BalTeoy, wbo had acrvtMl long aitd f»rtii nattily in the 
Qcnnan u'ani. and called Co hj« name Fdt Marahull 
I^dlt% his< ETitvllcncc His nami^, indeed, was [Alex- 
ajid«-r] Lnlier but» by bia vulouraud i^'uud luok» attain^ 
rd to tbis titTe, hit KjxeUence, inferior to none but to 
iLt King of 8w(*d<-rjr uniJi^r whom be stTvcd nniongKt 
oil bi« cat-alliric. Weill,— this Ftll Mnr'shaJl Leslie, 
having cnnqiicst, fme nought, honoiur, and uHsiltb, hi 
gn-ai abuwlaoee. resolved to come hoine (o liia nniivc 
cotiiitry of Sootland. and settle U'MiIes bis rhier, lbt» 
Earl of Itotbce, ns he did indeed* and lol't Jiiir lunda in 
Fife. But ihU Earb /^c/ietnttg the trouhtts^ whereof 
bioiaeJf was one of the princi|ial iH-giiinerH, {ookhold t^f 
tint Ijetlie^ who woa both wise and atont, ncqunints 
htm wilb ihia |ibt, and had \\\k adviee for rurtberlng 
tlitrcof to hM power. And firRt, he ddviitetf cannon to 
hp en*f in the Potter-rinr, by one ('nptnin H^iniilton, f 
W btf^n to driJi Uiv Earl's men in Fifi- ; be cauKcd 
feml In Holland for ammunition, jwwd^rand hull^inu^ 
taa* carbineK pistuKpihw, BwurdN.eunnon, eartiJ]»and 
all other sort of neeeiHury unnii, fit for old ^M young 

* TUa niUBl furtii lra*i^ hy itrni^ferLAon vhh hb riw» imil noi in 
ihaAdiDim «tluo- AlnmiHrr Lu^iv hw of the mdw flock ■• di^ End 


ID grtMi «bundADOff ; he cauwd deod to Qer 
mflnf , France, Holland, Denmark, ai>d other coimtnc*, 
Jbr tlitf mcMt ex|icrt uid ralimit ca[»tuiiiK. Ii(-iitviiani8> 
simI iindgrqfc era ,wbocftroc in grv«t ntiinbci^, inhopca 
oTUoodytrvnifthiDkictgrCvtbo)- were nil •S%:%ill#aoMieni, 
that cam*) to toake up thttrJorfuMf* apon tbe ruin <if 
ourUikgduai ; (but thi.^ LonI dliJ utlierwi^e, blewvd be 
Ut keif luutie;) Jte irtitabtbJic^ 4 cuuncil of war, ro»> 
dttiB^ of »i>blM, oolonrbt, rii|itii)t]fl, and ucbcr wise nnd 
expert persoDs, and in the tw^inniuj; of this month of 
jAnann\ b^ii lo c^si irtnche?, aboiU ih^ town of 

Lpftii. " ThUa Ihr •■ cuiJiiii^nui" of Rutben tljd JUUft 

for the catwe. by catchiti|r Fell Mar^liaU Ltily, bii 
K;ici^tli;iioi;, than mtilii |nHildy have tK.*t-n circrli-d l:^' 
any trtlit-r tncnn^ ; for, bannf cntcrrd into coiitntcl wjib 
bis chkf BgnJn^t bin Sovi-rcipi, thr vctrmti laoN 
C«uary. full of Udi^ot, eatjwrieoce, and nnlitary r«6uur 
CCS, bifnl bli who]*.' energies to ibe fiilfilmt»nt of that 
couir^ici, 3Dd thr iittmnuiErot of bisci^'u reword, which 
hv then little drcnmt wns to 1>e an Earldoni from th« 
Kin^ bimmOf. Aft yet invented with no parlicuUr cum* 
niand.Iic (vinTinnnlly ant nl their Tables, the mnin^jving 
of lhi>ir nLihtaiiy inowiikents. and, by his indefatij^bh 
and well-applied excrtiouB, tiol unly put them in pa*- 
MM)iJmi of llie Cdstlt^ of Kdiiihnrgh, (which Hamilton 
had Icfl nearly d«fvnce[e&s,| and the other *tLy>ngho1(b 
(]f thr hinploin, hue rnised and organi»ird nil urtny *uU 
^cwnily fi>nnidable to march iv tbe burdtTa agaituU the 
royal standard. 

At Ibb tTitii-% it Upcaine of jfreut innKirlanfc to crush 
the eflbilii of Huntly in the north before tlie King's 
forcw rcflcl^ed Sootlnnd, ns n vigorous diversion own- 
nioned by the loyalists in th^t ^uai'trr, would be more 
timn tht> Covenant^nt ronid woll oope with in addition 


lOTE or HAMILTCW^^ fifiH 

to invubiuu by luiid jluJ ttvit. But tb« ^atiie evil geuius 
of CborltfA, vrha iiitusoil the inuterials (if certain failure 
into ikw royal cxpediUuii, louk t-lTci;iuul inL-usiirrs to 
prevent the rflicicncy of tlir iiobk-mau he had rcoom- 
MMHkil (» tbi- l)imC«<rifiijcy of llie north. And, tf we 
Vt/ trUBt ibc record of a coTiianpornry dergymfln, it 
was Bot iiiert-ly by wittihuldiiif,' a(i]t|ilj(!s fraiu Huiitly, 
aj>d the pwvcr to act with vigour, ibat Humiltou in* 
nurrti hl« di[H.<i>m6turo. Hl* U siiid uctually to have 
wnttcfi M tucKivi letter to ibe CovtiiaiilczK, which hv 
rmtUivvd to citnyey U> them uithiiiu (lislol. iind " whicl* 
pnmt< adticf icas to curb thtrir northern cntmies, or 
io fJEpeft uo qunrifr J'rifiH the Kinf^r • Jntiir^ (iordon 
iHtrta tbat this information wa8 the " lualii reasou" of 
ibeaetivlly of Montrose, nl this time, to subdue tht' loyal 
Murquia of Htuitly iu the espeditjoii y/K an* about to 
ikotJce, But, «veu wirhout ttiia aii«cUote. there id suf* 
fidcnt to fJCcguiLt for ^loutrusi^'s ini'j^iit excttvuieiit. In 
tiic ap|iroftfhing iiLVJiPiioti from EDglniLd, aitd tbc wnr- 
Ukr Iniiu-AcliouH throughout Scotlund, under the mill' 
Ury Agtikcy of Alcmnder L^?4lie> 

McmUtibe waft followed by the cavalry of the Mi-arna, 
Angiw, Djui p&rt of PcrlhKljire, unU other diatiictK to 
Uki; north of tbc river Korth, Levies of foot wetvulMO 
drAwn from thcvc coutiti^*, truincd, rc^iineiitefl, aud 
pm under ex|KTienr<s] othrt-rs eiiLled I'roiii ahnirul for 
lliut purpuw, aud pJ^tced ut tbe eoniiiiaud of Montrose, 
wfaoM whole forcf, according to the eiftiinale by James 

* TfiH iinri-4ntip rntn nn tbv anrharity nf Jumva fiotiToD** Mifh I 
^•t u"\ aiv« wtih i1 #t>tiih<'n-, U ihi* M^pumU' nml HlpTinvt Uiiwdnfi'* 
«f lUruitluu't <J'iifl<lv»Iv4lMi;t, unrrhtti) liy llAninn-l L'K^TmiiKiv mhI 
BUfevji (luLliHv. Ixr ii\M. tlii7» i> lliL- Jliv lUlFiLiflty in hilli^viiiM iJu> 
«V* I tf Lhiry vi> wit trvv^ il i^ ntujirkiidlti tJiihl hr insDy «lahiknir« t^Eiri- 



Gonloo. did not at first excrcil two thouKond honeiuid 
ib»t- ^Vitli UiJAL little army hi* wnt mnv to nicompc the 
reformation of Aberdeen In a more peremptory imtiinvr 
tliao on Ihv fonrier occasion, wIk'Ii he inr-ttc-d to the 
reaBoninf? of the thr«e aposttca of the Covciuitil ngnjnft 
the doctors of Ihui unlighterK-d luwti, Montrose WM 
A4X-iin)in^l}' itivcHted with i\w title of Geni-Tn] ; and tbt^ 
mxicty of thc^ thetioti for the- nwcess of xhis expedftiun 
is cvtneed by the fnct, that, in the iiUiUity of hin atf/it* 
iani, and instead of the three apostlr^, there waa added 
t» hi« i"*ivuiL"[lH uo lesH 11 peniuri:!^ than *" Kelt Mnrvhall 
Leali^, bis Excellence, infrnor to none but to the Kin;; 
c^Sw(-drn." Huntly was well Awnrcof this gntlitfrinjf 
vtonn, biu all the nid and eDCoiiragnnent \w rt^^ivud 
tVom Hamilton were fnstmrtions to gain delnj^ Asd 
ribk no bliMid ; and ihoiLgh BurruuudtiLl by giillntil henrtt 
likehiK owiJ, continually urging him to vigoi'ous ho»- 
ttlitieFi, liie noJjlemaii wht» \vm\ dinringui^hed iilmftetf 
jn faJrer fields of chivalry than the IfErk-miLilant WiU 
likfly Ui prodiR-tv wa« compelled to pload \ih [Mudtive 
orders tVom the King, in opposition to thtr manifeNt in- 
terttits of the royal rouse. Under tJie*i^ cirrninstnnces, 
Huntly eould do nothing but trtatn And hrre the 
mannscript aeeouiil we have so frequently quottnl ac- 
i^uinw uddftiunul mUTienlinly vnil iulfn-Hl, fnim tho 
fnct, tlint the writer of it, Jameft Gordon, accompanied 
his fntlirr, Robert tiordou nf Strnlfnh, wh^j was one 
of the connni^ioner» employed in tlj««e negotialiona* 

In the mcnlh of March, Montrose nrrived at hiaown 
houHtMif Old Monlruse, to pivpare for liifl expi^ilton^ 
and, nccprding to Spalding, Ijc had witU liLin there, tlie 
Earl of Ar^yl^r Lord Coupor and others. Berort.* hit 
troops were coliecivd, tJbere caine lo Itim, at Old Mim- 
irofte, nK eonLrnisbJouei-a froii; Huntly, Rolicrt (lordon 





of StnUvcht uiul l>r Willmm Gordon, llnntly'p physl- 
ciuu a pro^«Mor in th« Vnlvenliy of Aberdeen ; and 
MUmg wiib thefle, as repre^Etitativcs nf tlit^ lowii cf 
Abrrdeen, Dr WiUiam JDljjijitoti, Prutes*ior of Mnthf- 
mjrtic*. And Ucor^ Mon'son, ona of the lown-conndh 
Tlie propoeol thry brought with tliem was, that Man- 
CnMe should (onftjie hici inilitary operations io tlte caun' 
trjr fotttli i>f I^K- frr»mpiuiiM« which divide Aberdeen- 
Bhitv from Angiiji nnd tht' Meurns until it Mtoiild be 
bkowii whdl prospects there were of n trcatf bctwtrt 
thr Kinic and the CovenmiferK* Huntly on hih part 
pffoMwd to ktwp himvelf wichhi the boiuid^ of his own 
HnlOlftwy, unfl tci tnkc no rneoiiiireti agninat. the Co- 
VGDftlitere be-uorth the barrier mountniiiB- To thi& 
peaceful ovt^rtuTf , whEch wns much pressed upon Mod* 
trom by ibr ('ofninwMOJit*r?«, he would *>nly reply, tfint, 
tu temis of .iu act of ihr Iftrt A^cmhly, In* wnn bound 
to rbit the CoU^p> of Aberdceu, but that he and hi^ 
foibvvrv wotJd pay for whatever they took, and be 
■ggrwwtfn In no QE'tM of viuloiKV- Tiie rt-HuIt of thc«e 
mlnioiis we vhnll give in tbft precMu wurdft of the nn- 
pobUibcd iDBDUflcripU 

« How KMWi they returned from Montrose to Abtr- 
^BeOtftwi reJnIed their nnnwiT. which wn« n:ithiu;:pl(^n«- 
lig to HIAoy, Huntly begnn to rcndcKvmiH hiK nirn, nnd 
i^nct ibt? IKdi ufMBrchthudLiUjut two thou naud two 
hundred foot and hon:c well-armed at lu^rury, but all 
of them country prople, ai\*i Ihoiigh none wnntcd good 
will, yel few or none were ninong§t thei^i wIjo had «kill 
tft cocmnani, or had ever been upon any conaidemble 
tenHcr. Iltintfyt who uHthrr bnd (}nU?rK to fixht. nor 
great ronfidence in the ?ki]t of hJa commnndrrs rcwjlves 
M IcaM to |mt a (;uod face ii]ion the ninlte-r, nnd to keep 
lil»i men together till he might see the utinont of it. 

vor. t. p 


To whidi piupoei' he difl|ialclj«« ihv forrucr Commit- 
sionrrs lovrards Montroa^k from ttie rendezroua ni In- 
venuyi uiRt! mom lu tr}' \(\tw furiiier uflVr of cttttsitLiou 
wuEiIil ^M.- ncct'plcd^ornt ]ir(t*i tognin lime, tiH be mi^l 
bkvc iirw iidvortiwiiK^nt from the Kiugt froni vrji^tu 
lie hourly rxpcckd iU titUer to tsugagt or retire : 
if iioni* of l}int i-m?ld bo aciv jHfi bU', n1 leuHi to li-t liii 
know wlmt Ibv Covc-nanlti^' prettrtce^ wi'n*, mid wh^ 
thty desired or him. The Conunimionors took 1)11 
rest iili tbey cainv wbert? the Earl of Moiiiro&e wa*- 
Tli^y found him in the town tif new Montrose, — which 
ih iwu mih-ti eJiMtwurd *if Mimtnwo's CuHtlv, Okl -Moii- 
tiXKie. and both stJindin^ upon the rivci of Soutlic^i 
with iM-nernt Ki^^lic In his company, nnd Rronsidenihli 
nntnber of ouvjdii^rH und »ddivr£, making h\» r«ad«S- 
V0115 for liis expedition. Thither hkewise bad he caused 
Win^; two jiidciw of bmHs dcini-tntinun, witli ^(jiii^| 
othri' leaser pi^^, — strange ingredients for ttie visi- 
talitin of a iuiiv('r>](y.»^ns »ii|i[Kt>d]j^ lie ebouJd 
driven tu ninke u breach in the new wuJIs of Aberdeen 
ln-fnre he s^itinM get entry- Rut when the C<imirtii 
tioniirA be^^nn ftgaiu to urge Uieir former propiiwiiioj 
in behnlf of IlunUy, they could draw nothing fronT 
Monirfwc hut fair and genend nnnwerfti whieb eilh^r^ 
bigujfied little, or weivflat refusals or were jdigbtiaj 
of uU their pn)iH>aaU. They told the Coinnii»«s]'anei 
hy way of iieri*ion. iluit iln?y btboved to coni« to Ahvr' 
dren to proclaim the (irneinl A^^cj^hly, which was ti> 
be faoldon tbnt yenr nt Kdndnirgh, nnd Nome Mtch no^ 
giretfnl undervalnin^c nntiwers, and that ihcy beJioveti 
to pi-odfliiii the AsseinWy of Cihiajfow ItiSS Nor did 
tbr^ CoMiJiiittsloiit-r? iiiMi^t ntiieb, (mt ut their returu tbey 
iTAw MonlroBfe'i^ motiou towards the nortli not like to 
be retanlf'd by wbiit ihi-y hml l« sny^ bein^ thiit he hnd 

uken 90 link notice of theii' laut commg a^ that lie 
did not prtHflr nor drtny hh rendezvous o^mbour, nor 
Ut march anj'whiK upon thai account. 

" Grvat W1I.4 1I14.' (repiJuliuu thill wji^ nmon^t them ; 
md whutcvcr m^^ht ht^ xUc General Montrose'^ conli- 
ii<ixv, yet the mixrd muLtitiule, hia followers, either 
muted Ktomacti to the service, or were fearful of the 
erenl : and albf ie th^ wim- no enemy as yet, they went 
oottthoutttieirbu^iiii-^with confidtj^ci-onoii^h. Hither- 
10 thvy hud AAAJned the reading of protestations, or sit- 
ttn in Aiwinbly^iir taken surii[!ejn|ityor disarmed ivisttes; 
SOW ihey supposed they were to dispute it with their 
«Mniy In the I^Hds ; nnd whniever means was ii^ed by 
the nolitlity, or their ininistry, to per'Ruade the vulgar 
tort of the justness of their quarrel, yet the most pari 
of tbctn, whri hm] \^eet^ liurri ^ind bred up under a long 
pe»cr. could hardly distinguieb it from rfL'belhon ag^ainst 
tbeir Kiij^. This abatracled oonfidenre I'rotn mnjiyof 
dke tneaiier itorl, and hred trepidation in thern at the 
htttiing of their own drumo, inimpri*, nnA shols. 

" At this lime liki-wint, the Coveiumiern ht'gnn to 
wvar And take for their coloum blew rihimns, whieh 
thtff aarird about ttiem sicarf^wisie, at nn some orders 
of knigbtlicKNi wear their ribbons. 7'Am wajt Mon.^ 
frot^* trkiiMfs. To thene ribbons ordinarily the ea- 
ndry did ap|K-nd Uirir npanner^ fur tlirir Hrt'loeks. aud 
tJi« foot bad them xtuck up in husiheK in tbcir blue caps, 
vrbirh devipc sermrd so plnnmble, (hnt when the nrujy 
mufch«d towards the horder,soniidbbort li me ufter wards, 
iBBJiy of tlie gentry tfan^w away iheir b;iti. and would 
twry notbinif tnit bonnet*, and bnslK'4^ of bl(<w ribbons 
or pannajUif^ ihrrrin, in eoniempl of The En^lisbem 
who di&ilainfully calk-d them bkw eapa and jot-kryH. * 

_■ Bp«ldii^^j^^lcw HonCr«Mi't vhinuiiM." " Ftw or ■ 



" An iuhUuLT uf tljt^ iV'ur tJuil wus aoiuuj^t llieiii ifv 
viable enough to IltintlyV Commiwioticni t)i« fint time 
thnl ilioy Oiime tftwfH'nk with Monlrows forllml niglit 
ihv towuametj of Montrose, tflpylDg some fire tn \ht 
night tirnr, in the hillfi towunln fiuji^rmurk ftud l-Itlgiii 
Cnftik. fell upoji tt (Strong Gonci?U tliut tt wab Iluntlf 
nnd Ilia forces who were nlrcndy oome witliin tvro or 
three iiiiloti of thi-ii' louii, m^inj; havoek of nil hcfore 
him with lire flatl fiuortl. Thifl iinaf:f nation, foslnrcd 
by tJietr frar», muveil them Ut tieiit lirums uiid ifnff 
their alArum-bdl, and albeit it wns nficr ten o'eU>ck ai 
night, yet to nrtiia they would needK go, half in n rugL-, 
half ill a fear. Givatwns the noiae thai tbeytaid«^ 
and altliongh tbcComniiaaioners from Hiinlly, whowi^H 
tlienr lodged thnt iiighl, nssured thein then? wm iio 
diiiig4r, nnd thnt none who bt^Ion^red to fluutly w^^ 
ncnrcr them thnii Abcrdern, yet nil that coidd not ^ul^^ 
theni. Nor were they far £roin faUio}^ in upou thu Com- 
misaiotiers, t^ af!ront or do by them ns thejr fear nnd 
fury »4hoiiId ]>roinpt ihein, lind it irot been for tlif*mns- 
ler of the house where they lodg«3, who, being pro^^ 
vo8t of Moiiirose at that uirus interposed bis authoril^| 
to pudfy lite lEiiiltitude, and ejiti^^d &htit his gatfl^ 
ngninst tlicm. But here it rested not, for ne4^ muil 
they ruiJ out, they know ijut whitht-r, uoragaiiiNt whnm, 
remaining at son^e diiiianee all night Jn their arms, (ill 

rbitliolli (v\io\ir)nttny wnitli-ii aU}w nlihin hun^iilMinthKrTh^iiH^,) 

Hut tf«i' liO'ii Ifonli^iiH ojiA fmv "(Iiit uf ttio Miin|uiiiV luimt lud &0I' 
If, wlitiu lid wiu dwvlLioK in iIju |4jii-ii. hiiil h rilihtmd of M fiut Ikili Oh 
Unjr. u'la;i:Ji i})aj' vfrrc lii ibiur liht*. rallin;; ii lh« rojfotrih&mtm* fnA^m 
o\'thv\r low uuil luyulty to thu Kiuja lu dvAp&iEhi nnH clL^Hdmi irhn^ 
r>r E]ib blud ijlililii wLm wL^rii mhJ ''mIIimI Fhi< O'l^u'nfrKi rf^i^tn by Ubc 
hull Mililirr* "flhci nmiy. ;irii! U'Oiilil nol bf qt uf (In- ttrj/at rttf/iui^^aA 

brrak of ^^y discovert their i-rr^ir, ami made ttu^ni 
kbovr UiM tbeir mppcisied ciicmiuK wuru nolfiia^dM 
tnil henttirr kiDiJIcd tn the hills, {Ihe xvhioli nliaut Ihat 

when iJm* iHTiithtT jfi'fi^'^ oJ<lW wlijt^h burainif, the f-mn- 
iMMMonor* MTHt from Huntly ttaw burning, nil tht' ^ny 
btANre* banl by ihcm wjiilvt they %vcrc on ihWr Jour< 
nty tu OM Monlrci^. 

" Rut \he CommiMionerft acotfroui IJuiitly in thdr 
rMuni loHurilu Abi^rdtTii, nhcr tht^ir Ntrntiil Jniirnry to 
Afootrcwc, cau' that which di-Kervcfi to bo put upon re* 
cord to posterity, and which m ihnt UiLtc thoy luukod 
npoiiaHiicerljiii)|ire?ingi-urihL-iv!Lrau(l bluudahL-d which 
qiiiclclyniMitfd in the 3r«an following; for having tAken 
boTN mt Moutroei^, whcrr Ihry )rft the Knrl of Mun- 
troM oud hi?< folJow^^i's, u litlk- after ^Uu riHi:ig, us ihvy 
wvrt going towurdfl thi^ inonlliof tho Tiorth-wntcr, which 
h KiDW two miles distiinl from the town of Moi^lrose, 
ibey and lJ»dr waiters did espy the sun shining in a 
prrfcrt bluud colour, yet couhi iht-y iliHreni no vapour 
which could phy>i^lly ncc^L^iun the changt of his cu- 
kvor, for he sliincd at i^omc <Ji»tflnco nbove the aeu, and 
ihey wrrc hard liy the nhore. The diilerentv hrtwixt 
and othtf timcu. when hi« colf>ur in rihfuHvntrd by vu- 
poun. was that at othrr tiniL's, nC hi^ riKit and set. hia 
red cohiur is divj^gy, and incHoes lo thrown ; but iluit 
day h\% colour looked Uke to fre^h blood, ^vlicrcof a lit* 
lie cjiunlity U fMkurcd into a bright silver baM>n ; or 
tike a red rose, or like thai blood in thL- eheek v^hieh 
Ithynkians call sfruffuU floridi4^^ A Jietood grvai dif- 
femicc WOK in thr duration und continuance of thnt 
cxlraordioory colour^ for, whereas ai c^tht-T times tJie 
vaputirH Utke or kivp awiiy the aun"* brif^ht colour Imt 
for MJtne abort »|Hice uftcr bis rise or before bi« seitl»it 



was eviOr^ut ejiiniicH ihul Uiiv day bv ktwped llut cc>- 
Jour nioftt part of the forenoon, uid befofe he <Ud part 
tbrrvwitti cloudt» arihing nbout ck'vcn aVIor-k iu Ure 
forenooti tuok tbe^un out of their sJghL 1 \roulidhavr 
k}eei) loath to have r4.-]a1tM Itits ])rodigy, ho coiitiiLnitlj 
and ijarlic^iUarly, u|kiii nny motiH a»»ertioii or informa' 
tlon, bring thntit iniminllo nifik^ iIk^- tliing)igPMi 
er Ihftn tli<*y aro» bad I not al ihnl Umw^ A^rw m 
iff compfTui/ with thf CommUshn^rtJrom Jiuafi^t And 
ftu eytvwilnt^KH ibc-rtrnmo. Ndf &buii)d 1 ait ihat time 
havo tniMpfl my ovm skill to dis^tingui^ih bc-hvccii wint 
Wfis nnttirnl and what was prodigious bnd not J heard 
Ibe Coin Ell iMiuuL-n<, three o( wliuiu were wWl kiiu^u to 
have been able Hcholam and philosopher*,* conclude at 
ihftt timr, that nHtbcr Ihnt coUmr of Ihr >imi, u'bich 
tli«y wirre beholdiuf^ at that time, nor the Loi^ conti- 
nuance thereof. i3id or could flow from any diJXvmlWe 
natural cause. The eveut ^nce h&h put it out «f doubt 
that it u'as aa prodigious as these gentlemen at that 
litiie did unaninioubly prognutttirk it would be. But 
'ti> time to iejive these digressioufi, wliicli povoibly mny 
recreate the reader, and return tothe tbrendof my nnr- 

" The Comin]s»ii>nerH al their reiurii had iteM-s thM 
Hnnily was disbanded^ und hud retired himitelFto Sim- 
bogie. Whether it were thnt he bad dmngcd his re- 
solntion after he sent nwaythe Commissioners towards 
Montrose, ur tbal before tlieir reLuin, which was bat 
two nights, tliat ht had mnt advertixtment Jrom th€ 
Kitif( 80 to do, \ cannott nor i-vrr could (itterwj>r<3, cer- 
tainly Icurn, The lust I dare not CQr^tth'nfl^ offirm% 
beitrg that, about that very tiirie and day wbicli wu 

« l'L«0 voTV» Ko^rt lnir04>n r>r irrnlijoh, (the umrfur'B blb^^ Dt 
ViLllJHin Johiitflaii, ■Oft Dr WUliMm (tindmi. 


lexvoiu Rl luverury. March Idtb* the Kmg's 
bouteticld ^nitrred ibcir journey lovi'nnU Vork, And ihe 
Kiug tiimiLeir tuuk not joui'ia^y tuward^ York till March 
S7tli, which wnit after Hrintly's dUhnndiiig smnv dityw.'* 

ft appears to have been in fllrict romplfonce with 
or<Irr» from HamiltuD, th»l, lu tli^ disap|>uirilrneiLt 
and iJi^gUHt of muiiy of bin >ciilluat followi-rs^ Iluntly 
dmniiB^ ft IKirliuii (if Jki-i Jinny. nuA reliivd to JiU owo 
hoiBlt of StTAtlibofzic, where he took up it detensive jkh 
sitlon lA'llh Iht' ri)rerH he n'lnined ahout his jierson-f 
Th« rvtrvat i^f th« Kinj^'g li^utj^n^irtt i-iiabltrd the tJurUi- 
*fn CoVei*:iiiter*. with the Lord FruKer and the M;i«ler 
of KoHkk at their bend, to muri^h wilhutU moJrslntioii 
to Abrrdreii, there to join Moiitrose. who entered it, 
t^fs Jiimes UnE-iinn, ^' on Valtn Sunday, SOtli Mari'h, 
with a if^ti vitii vici,'* By his side there appoatv<t ih^i 
rrlrmn of iiioity ei defi]jer^t1e Ik-Id hi tliL' \nm\ uf hjittles. 
Well had KotlieK eutt^red ftjr rehetlioti, when he " took 
bold"^ of Leslie* Montnwc wns instriii-ted to give jin- 
plicit alieiilion to the Hdvioe of thiAeX|ierienn'iI h-nder, 
ftnd to couiiidtir liim as hit mililiiry tutor, Eveu tlw 
kiAy and iiiiperioim Montro^' nubniitt^d, it aeeniBt, to 
Uui omiii^meiil. " Wc utre feiirt^d," say* Duillle. in 
bb hnppic^t mnniier, " thut emululimi among unr no* 

* S|iaMluK Myv*l>*l lluDlly bvM lii* r*nil?»vnii4 he Invi^ujy va tin 
iMh (if Matn-'ii. BUil tliiwulvL'd liiB fival <jd 1lii> '^GOi. Tht^iH] dahn iiru }it*^ 

t ' TWfu^oD v,hy HiiniJy liiJiJ liuwii huiLruu. aiaii m ibli tlnw cn- 
Ure4 Into dpiiulaiJoitt, im* iliat.tuiiia tJmc Infiuc ihlt. he rrodvuilby 
■ ■ ■ Iddir. ?injllivt In tha Ijr4| LladoFM, vip»4 ordcri frum th« 
lf«ii|«lv of ll«iidlion, (from vhoini Lty phrtit-bhir infuidul^: fn>m Tlio Kin^, 
he n* to rrcrlvtf bl« Hiywt)'* onJvn,) 4howiii^ Lim duil il intporEcJ 
im Ihv Kin||'« ^nka not tfi rtilur in f>loo(l. by Afffitinp OfCiUnnt tlit; t%x 
ta"^- IFiMnih (Jmdsti't Hut, nftAe J-'^mtfy *ff IJoriAm, p. VUN^ 



hicn tiii^hl iiuve dune liunu when Ibcy ^iiouiii tna nwl \ 
in the licM; but cucb wu the wiMlotn eldcI AuUiority 
&f that o/</, /i///f-i frook^ tfMU'r, tlint nlJ, wiUi on in- 
crnliLle nubuuHsioii iVotK lUo bejtiatiiiifi; U> tbe eud^^ 
gBTC oivr theinttt-lv«B 1o be* jpiidcd by bun, us if bu ba^H 
bv«ii gL-cnt Solymnn. CerUiDly, tbc obtslicDce of our 
noblemen to that man's ftdvloe fros es great ha tbdr 
forb^ei>H (funrfatliera) wont to be tu tbdr King's com- 
iDtfud \ yet ibut wiui Ujc niau'i luul^nlanduii; of our 
SrotK hiimoun, tbnt gn\'i* ont, out only to tlu* uobli^ 
but to Tvry mt^aii gentlemen, his dircctionn in a vtty 
boiiidy aoU sinipk fonu, as if ibcy bad been bat 
nilvicva uf their nriglilnmr and votupaiiJuu." Aud tlii 
civokcd fotniJiar, who now «o onunounly graced M* 
tr<"H''R ^k\\\ w-flw h'' who hnd ht'cri gwyitJy honoured 
Gui^tuvuH Adulphua, hifl instructor in battle. But 
dcgrndtd hini»clf too lou^ under the impious banner 
the Covcnunt, and even Icnnit to bcconso « coward ; U 
tbia sani4^ little old fighting Mentor was in full fiigbt. 
llii- ht'ud t>f " all \ns cuvallirie/ from the buttle uf Mj 
ton-moor, some twenty jnilcii hdiiicwurdu, wheD ovi 
takDti by the news thnt the hattivf u-ax ihrir ^wn. 
Shade of tlie immoilaJ Gii^tavna ! * 

iktrMty tfk K3ft lAtv oi\d TimM pf Alexander tk^ndcrson, ihu 
L««H#L *' AoT'f l.t^ii/i ila^i-n*-''* idm tb h<i hi'n^ iiitinlbilind oj Mr 
^UfTO' aj Mo'^troHr. niirl ihn naililnrf Lrvb4' nn dip |>u-l a( the iV*^^ 

trinn] n>iEiiqitiiuiiiliip wjuld havtt hvvv ftlriluii^, !ijul tliu (atil mi b**!!; 
but tbo ravoKlid umluir u lei tfrmr. whiuh wu uiilhI huri! ukv ifau liboitf 
(tt c»rn'^ Thu Liimtutror,— if, UDdcr ihu ^^LicuuuCu»u, llut team b« 
■P|i1irih1f^— nf Mniiiroiii< nr PJiUlplutogh. wu DM thin Alonuidv Lvdti^ 
cFAlcd Eal] of Lrrrn, hiitii mudi hfttvr tii]dii-'> i>Kmelyt Daoid |4*> 
lii>, cnuitvd i-DfiV XcM-urJit wha contribuiud f|T«iiLtly Ut ^n 'ha bftii 
fmtn wlii^h div hkrL of Ia^viih nit uwny- Mi AibJU. tiiriiij|tb»ul 
work. liM fkir«<l 1ft iliaUnifid-h lictwiit tbi;«o Ivo uitrioiJiirirs ol iri 
oi'iiiiury lurrunv- 


It iniud luive beeii u m>ii; hj^Uu Iu tbobe tviio romaiii@<l 
[1m Aberdeen to hcc il« when tlic combined foices of the 
CoTiriiBnlers. deven thotLg»iiJ 8lrorj|;, purniliil upon tlii? 
linln Uirre. Bt?»]dt« bU Mnitur, Blontroae was aci;oin< 
puM bjr thi^ End lUnriscbfi], tho Earl of KiTigtioru, 
Lordti £idi<s Enkiik^, aD{l by his owit brutber-iu-law, 
Lani Canic^, wl^oni Moulrofle baJ endravoared to un- 
Mtt in the AMcmbly. Hpaiduig'e lament, 4iver the state 
ofbbbekki'nl towi>>ut ttiiscrisiSf is pathetic. He saya^ 
thftt tbe nobJe burg}i of Aberdf^i^tk, heing " dall^ dcAV^" 
wJtli tbc nv\v» of tlic coining' of nn army, and their awn 
Mart^uU having dinsotv^ his hi>6t at Invviiiry. and np- 
IMux-atly d«'9trr1^(l them in the hour of need, and no help 
arriving (mm the Kiii^, th«y be^un to be heartless and 
totnfbrtJciVf and vniitcly to despair, not knowng what 
conme <o iJihr- Hithrrtn there had been brave rnus- 
lefitifCK aud driUiu)f», casting of tituchefi, watcliuei aud 
cnibnndit iu ihc strceU, piectw of ordii;iocv in Che c^iwe- 
ways» and forti(iration» in cvury diriirtion; moreover, 
every mao earned at least s sword by his side* But 
irbtn Huntly sLV^nied to deat^rt them, they held mo)irn- 
fnl con«iiltiit>onM to^lher.nnd agreed^ that. Its jdl ^errtifd 
)0At, they aliould CMt tlteir weapons away, forbear all 
their warlike prei>aralionB» and open xvlde their ^"tesi 
to tbc Bpproacbii)j;f CovenaiitLTa. Then every inait, 
fon^lting hiA cninmiinity, began to shift for him- 
mdi. Soino rvjnovetl their gootlH, aiid some fled with 
tlifir fainiliea from the town. Aniongiit otbei'8, there 
tlrd by *^3 tilKJul six(y ut ihr hravrhl men and youth* 
of Aberd«<ii, well armed with aword, musket, jjnd 
tiandibcT. Th^ took one of the town* colours, 
and Jnlin PonJc, Iheir drummer^ with them, and 
ntoivtf to go to the King. And with \hem were tho 



loyal IninlH of Drum, Pitfoddcb, Forcraiic, Bal- 
goimyi and the inti^tln-tujilly viHonoiis llorton, all 
" ttpon the efiih of MArch>* hoist up sail, and lo th« 

Jnggu tbcy." Then to tbc- forlcirn }mlptLH o( thnsc 
[ent dirJnt^A— wbu bad rrud. rnoM exavUy, (he 
.writings of the ancjt^Qt fathont in their ova laogua^, 
led their Cw-V* to *\nxci wnlf^re, aod f«d lli«iii wiih 
wholesome food bjoupht from ihi: Scriptures, and the 
prat'titv of the primiiive ChriMliunsi — there rushed thfi 
tntsb of " the Talilev," the coiofortl^^, tialf-craiEy 
trumpctere of the f'ovrnnnt, the Illiterate and lJi« iiito- 
ier;iuli UitT funutiml, the lualevoli^ul, axxd the fenn-iniis 
to howl aiid hammer out uucouUi vedjtiun lt> the terri- 
fied ;i ml hrwiltlmni |)tH)pLe. " There lbr)-rry%'i>tory' 
and begin to sing a song to the townsmen of a farutber 
tune than they had Icanie*! from their own miuidtera 
niLil doctors, eiyin^dowulbut lioclriue wbieb the tovrnV 
doctors, they knew, were not now in equnl terms with 
titem to [naintoin any more, without Aflronts to tlidr 
pcriwnfi/' + 

After rem:iiniiig n few dayn in Aberdeen, which tJiey 
completely disarmed, and huvlng donu lut little violenrfl 
to persons and property, bnt an much lo conscience and 
Christianity, »x cireumutauecs aduUltcd of» Montruhc 



* Stfi Ht ibnrntl of this loJump, tomv vfcUnvUof ihlidntc. tiom itt 

■f Jqmw (.lorilnn, who nihl>'->'" nU llifllr hLlua-iB wfis imputafl tn t3ir 
gDOdnvK" iif liiv lautc, t<i wliii'h (incl hi^u tn ATiJir Mmpwlf v> fiivounhlcy 
thftt their vtii['iiiiw< Uiid ltuil» wlulir nonu I'lin-D^d rl^tm , idiI ihai nuw 

wna ft lolaivVr nr thnC ti]iU',w|ioilldiiKiil)pTJi(t fuijti«« of tb<? iLrtf lui 
ilvn nf Mitn'J), voinmorily fJtlJi'd bEirf<irt'iiifrdiiyH,lliillUu0, Ui • luiraul^, J 
ixt ft KTinun (irmirhMl before mony >rlino*w«," 



md Lcvlie iniirL-bi^ Uii-ir boat to Invtrniry, to dihCUHo 
Hubtly. lcariii|Z behind ihem tti« Earl of Kiit^^horn, 
as Governor of AbcrdM-n. ** TJu-y Ji*l lit; ilowii at Iiivor- 
luy wiUi opeti Ita^n^cr. h^viug drawn alon^ witli thriu 
foinc kIiotI field piiTCK of three fet-i long, or thereby, 
vbicli, for all that, wert- of au iiKlilTerent wi<Ieii4?8N, nurj 
j dliefaootSD indi^ert-nt f;reat balL These pieces, — com- 
' BMOly nick-TULt»e'd JJc'ar SaniJit-'jt Stt/ujw^ as \tc\ug the 
invvi>Uoii,<irKo tliouf^ht, of (^lout.-l Alexander Harrjilton, 
iMStffr of tl)eir4irtillL']y, who hlinself wqs nick-tinmcd 
Dear Saxififr, — were the ordinary Helri-pitH-es that aflor- 
wftnb, for »ome time, were made use of hy tho Cove- 

IBmttrs^** lluntty hi the m^ntttime had retired to 
lilt* Bug of Gkbt (Gordon Castle); and, auxiou^ U* re- 
lieve tile north from the plundering and 0]>pre33ive vi- 
•ilatlofi of Ihc criveiinntijifir army, ha wrote to Robert 
Gi>rdoii of Straloi'h, wiw mom to become a ni^iator 
belu'ixt tbecn. Str^iloeh iinmedbiely jiroceeded to Mon* 
Invc's qunriers at Kintoro, and iir^ed a treaty. Mon- 
troce abowt^ hiiu&elf well inclined to bring mattei-s to 
chat paaa ; and it was hrialEy arnin^-d thjit Hiirilly niid 
UoniroiWi cfirh accompunied hy vievciiol' tlitir frit-niifi, 
■liouM nifirt a fi^wdays afterwards, Rt Lowest, a country 

■ViJbf^ abmil nint- milef^ south of SlrathlHi^e, and five 
kilo north of ihc Covcniintcrfi" t;a»i|>. Th^ respective 
parties ta€l qI the ap]>ointrd place and tliue, (Lords Oli- 
■pliatil and Aluyne bting with Huutly, Lords Elcho 
^^UhI Coupcr with Montro^t^*) armed only with walkiufj;- 

PflwordH, Hud such was Ibc miHu^il ji'nUniay or forrnnlity 
bf Um ni«vtju>;. thut a Kvutlenjan from ^ilht*r parly won 
■ffOlakd to yeftrt-h the other, for fear of hiddrn arms, 
HlOttly and Monlro^r then reMptnifully t^alut«^ each 

* Jsun G(rn1«n'ii M^. Fw Iwfnrc, p, «VL 




othirr, am], nher iiiU^rchnnginp mtnc vxjiressioDti of 
courlofiy, tbey stepped atidt? ami hi-ld tu^tlicr ii \ang 
prlvute coil ivrfiHii oil. to whlc li the n-*4t wm^ inrrHy »p«* 
tfitoTH. Himtly'fi friundR wite? ^aincHrhJit iiHt-riilLiJ »i 
tho privacy of this confcrcDco, nnd J^uvs Gordon adiU, 
tlmt he never coiitd learu wlmt were the particiiUn 
Ihc |u'ivnte cuTiveisittion Ik^IwixI If untly mid Montru8i\ 
wbicb did not tiAmpirc, The inimrdiatc effect* boiv-> 
i-vi*r, wa» an agrLHruienl 4[uite uitluoked fur AfUr t 
few houia uaupitMl in Chin inuNiirr at Lqw^bs, Huntljr 
mounted hU horse, nnd, without ft rcnson naslgTied. rod« 
t'urwurd willi Muiilruseitiid hiit friifidstD tlic]ru|^ucr 
Jnvcrury, where, their appi-;u'uncc being u welcome M 
h WOH nnpx-pectt'd, Hnntly nnd hU ru^tonkhed cuinp«- 
nltin»i uniun^ whunt wan Hubert Gorduu rif Hlnsforh^ 
were cnti^rUined by the Cuv<;nnutcrs with grcnt mpeot 
find forboarnnci^ Thu result wos that Hnntly signed « 
j>uper, the piecise terms of wbieh are uot known, b 
wbieb »ceniA tr> have l>et-Ti nomv (piuliried vertiun of odi9 
w other of the CovenniilH, ninouuliiij!: to no nioroibnn a 
dcdiiruttun in favour of thf national lUIig^ion. and LU 
iMrrticK, — proluthly sHt^riethin^ almilAr to what AJon* 
trose bod been sati*tird with itni hh prcvioin^ ri.^fonn' 
ing vxjicdition] ftom Dr Guild and others at Abeiw 

Mciiiirove, being no p.irty to the covert dewjgnc of tbt 
faclioii, WHS but a Wundoring ('ovonanter, nnd, boioj 
Upon thi}^ iieent^iou Ic^fl ii^ry uiudi to hia uwn dt-vi 
ill furlherJiig the can»e, wan not only wilhng to A 
of very e<|\nvocal convert*, hot, totally forgt'ttin^ th 
important* id' th<? Magmi. Churia of hi* j«irty, now uL- 
tctnptcd to make Covenanters of I*aplrU^ by th? l 
ffenioUA device of wniving the Covenant itself, — hh 
FIny of Hjimlct wak motiifieJ by the itinerant m^mjiger. 


I a ^1 




Ttttf fttct 1VC are ubout to iliuElrute tnui^t redeem our 
bero in the rypH nf thr histnriaii, whose only olijcotion 
to the CoveDflnt l», that it did not Ki/mjxtthke with Pa- 
;)u/j; * Tlio niii'cdole i^ nut iiutkrd in ai\y account of 
Mootmv that I huve awv, e:(eept iu tlic ma it user i (A 
of Jmmnt (>cirdoir« who ihtia nnrrnt^^s it : — 

" Huntly, (be^iilc* <"o»M'iitihf5 Ui uhlige liiinKtlf lo 
msiiilAju ibv King's outhorily, together with the liber- 
IJen IwttI) i>f Chtirrh oni] Sl&lr, of RMigiuu and Lawfl,) 
likeH inv piifTbn>eil soin<r n^surauce to his frieiidit nJid IxiU 
lovers. Tti^-y were ol" sevcrnl prt'ditamenlji- Sfjrrw- of 
Ihcm wew landed gt^ntlenjen of hie naiiie, or }ib usso' 
datc», but not lib wissals, — others were Ijia own foHow- 
ftn mnd ti^annts, and amougst ttie8e,soioF were Pror^fi* 
l&DtA and olhcm Papists. Assurance waa given for 
all of them in the general thnt they should not be 
lurEitvd. i>or uuy thiu^ lh;il belonged tu them, they ciir- 
rriti^ th«nn«rlveH iieui'fMy, :iiid Mich of them m would 
wabKtihB Uic Covmnnt, a* they were invited to it, sn 
they were content to let ibem advice upon it. and uot 
to be bibljr with Ihetn ; and Huntly waM content Ut r&- 
vtrsiti tiooc who wvn willing to taJie the onlh <jf co- 
fvnanl. The difficulty only rrnioined for /wcA w tcer^ 
Pftpu/^, und Ao not like lo^ubbcrihe the C-ovomiut, huiv 
tbry hhould be secured : a» alao whdi amirnnce might 
br rxprcied from thcni. To this purpoHr there was a 
lukUb fallen upoii With all f^ucb, that they ^hon]d he 
UJren umier fv^offctioH^ they Hubhcribing n declurjition 
of their witllngnewi to emietjr with thr ('0%xnnnlera in 
Ki^utuiJiJii^tbeLawvaDdLtbrrLiesciffhekinfcdciin; and, 
ibal ibe Pa]>i^t» mi|fht t>e eiicouragt-d into tlie »ubBigii* 
ing of such an ohlrgatiou and bond, tbtrt- wtii^ a deela* 

Ur Bro4i^ 8r* Monv ^ lAI, 


vU Vim UL thai tioM 


i»to 1^ 


It brtn^ bdt very 

ii iWttnnaoa connr 

«f tlir kinfnltHIl, 

m U those whtb 

tn wbscHbr 

rgoodi or 



of hh on prl- 
xht KorbDar* and 

tbM ev^ry ■ 
«a tMr pact to Mnce Moo- 


4cor, amI p er fcap * to detna kin prisoaer. Too 

to raicr itiiD I rarwtiia biMMlf oo ibe subjvrt. 

Hmlj taiBMJlBflnii Ul frietaJ Stntodi to tell Uov- 

LlTfMr to lip« kb fiiard ajtahfed tfacprrjudieed eoondh Iw 
irould rvnirr from IbcM in^ridvils iqetiM ^^ Kiog'^ 
lievtrDanl. SirsJodi ^ix>nJiii||;ly watcbtfiJ bin iippor- 
tunity. BbJ, findiai; Munlnvc aikme in lib t«titi db- 
• Pre 


v( IlBBll/ft C«MPMii0l» Oft Ibpl 

cimrgnl himsdf of his coutiik'ntijrU misnion, anri witVinl 
told MonlroBv. tbat if an aileu\\tt were ma*l*s Ui take 
Huntly suutli with tliem as n prisoner, the (^ountry 
wuuM t)ot HO rjujetly auhmit to the otitni^e ns Huiitly's 
ctic-tnir» irnagined^ Montrose i€plie<l. that very pro- 
liiibly thf«4^ people bort' Huiitty tiu gowl wUl, iiiul that» 
jodeeil, he kiiexv us much (rvtii (lieiusdves, but, fur hii 
flHii part, WQ« willing to i\o for Huntly oil ihr good 
offices he could, aud woidd fail in uo promise to him ;- 
'onty/ added Montrose/ there is this dif^oidly, that bu- 
Hmes^ here is uJl ti'Hiisdcli^U />y rr/fp iinU n t-iijna$ititu\ luir 
can I get noy thing done of myself.* ' Vou hftvedone 
ao mncJi by yourself nlnndy,' rejoined Stialoeh, ' why 
not tJic whole ? If you \w &u ineliued, of wbjeh I njake 
no doiiht, then being (^niTJil here, nnd the pnnripnl per- 
son upon thiK f'xptHJition, wlien you i^V\n\\ to ymir puint» 
HuEitly'ft enemies mutit yield/ To which Montrose an- 
iiwereil, ' 1 [ihalldo my ulinost for Huntly'ssutiafaclion/ 
"— tuid wilh this unswer^ say& JumeK Gordon, who iiar- 
ntes the above, his father was dismissed ; uor, he adds, 
did MuntrxBtt< "full of Ihe |>erfonnaiice of hi» promise; 
for that night, after Huntly had »nbseribed the jiaper 
agreed uprm, Montrofie whs eo^iteut tli/il he ahmild re- 
turn j>eAeeahiy to his own house, which he did accord- 
ingly, not without the great miscoiLient of thoHe who 
would IiBVe hail hiJJi detained/'* 

Having thus discussed Hnnlly, Montrose broke up 

* I hurv Jtiliiplvil llii^i'irrtJETitNinliitr iictottfrl \t\ Jamr-pi C^jtrilME^ wluiwa 
iUftac «r««ono "i Hip |>iir1y- H|>»h|jii^ «}'«» tl>>iE (ho iiii-tiliTijc nl I^'i^vvh 
■CC^Ivtl Iwv (U;^t, Uri< ttLanil ^ib oMj/riti llml nv liit- tvt-riinjj vl ibv 
¥^ Itutty «lvp1 n( PiUvpIv, ufid Mipiitru^ lalurtii.-'l 1u tZjn mi^ji^j miil 
ih*^ aftvr ptinLn)^ an tiip nKCimd liny, Hunt!)' wtikt wot nmr thr fnmp, 
but Mnigbt Irt Mrnrhhogir^ Hi<hi>p liFithrii'Riuve ■ vtrj- mpnfrrp natitv 
of ^ infv]nfi1» in wbifh he iipfw&n tf> IiHVv bn'» fliuinfnniiurl, imil prf« 
i<ii|lrT^ q^iriBt iludtTf. 

A^O TUM covtyAfrrxRs. 

tUmturyt aod wafrfnd back to Abenkva. 
tmlrc HJ^kndcffs, ftome of Argyh^ 
len," caiMtoMoDtr«*»vrlth thli nu^ 
■■ l^ir RiAsttT, that be Iwd ordrrvd a n> 
i|»v tiliiiOrcd t^UtiDg, of bU oirn nicii, fuUr 
vA Ui« HIghlMid tehkrn* to ofTvr their di 
Our h«r<v wbo protiubJy wtiiticd 
lligtibiulcTK any whcrv but with bini, 
-fttNurtmuH Qtisn'er, unci issued others for ihJi 
vft fore* Lot to eiilvr Abtnleeu, vrhii^b 
^^Mnily bunlct}4st jUreody, but to lake up their 
4^ t|MM iht: ricti IniiclH of ih[^ Lnirds of Unin 
mniii^i^ m moite of niaking a campaif^ pmy 
MMh "* VnIi Blanhal Lc&Ue. Iijb ExceU«im." b#d 
Mh ^ Kteg «f 8wffdcn, ftnd iiow taught 
Afcordin^j^^ wys Spalding, " the 

to tbdr HriglOftiHl oompatiy vrilh ibclr 
wbkh llwf liM^ i« ^?T»<' part, »ad \mi 
t^lp^iipM tb« fovdtot DoU, «h««p. conn, aiMl rkwl 
.^ ttc UNMri •b0T»4p edfti u to the grtmi burt mI 
. , -c IJbr <viitttry pto p k, for tbvir ii»fttf> 

v>« ^ 9llfc «r ApriL MoMnM 

il» ml «lfaMVL ivUh aboA ihfw 


couiiciJtt ot'UiiH vapMliUL>u,aail wag ovvrbornc in c'ummft- 
ice, now becauie verified- HuiiUy wna egnin requt'sled 
lo iit<^i tlir <-oveHuutcr8- with whiclirequefelhe reliict- 
ADtJy cojuplicd, upon receiving iiHi^urnncc- fnjin Montrose, 
and tbe utLer IcoilerK, thut ho wouiil jiut tw delaiued 
pmoDcr- No Hi>out!r Liid he arrived, hott'evcr, than 
Uic? Korbi'-^L'S ituA Fi'iixi^rs, »ijd Tiuirtr ^s|RM.'iall)' Crich* 
ton of Frrnilruught, the hwm'ti foe of Huntly, b^gun to 
Ufi^^ his dotentit'n \i\ the tnoKt vt^hciTicut inniiiUT, nrid 
IlEc-rvMiltufaf, vL'ry dini-rtrdrtabk tu thi-parly ihuL fiTt^dticl 
il. V'ariQUK obligalioos atid nt^i' teriiiB wcr*? attempted to 
br impo^il npoD Huutly, w}io indignoutiy demanded 
tbat the l>oud of maiiiUnance he had signed at Jnver- 
uiy >boul<l. iiJ the fiiM instnnoe, be restored tn hiin, 
Tbcn, IsnyK Spuldmg) llie bond being ijuinc^diutely d^ 
Uvered lo the Marquis, hr a^ked* ' Whether will ye 
xnke me tioulh with you w n cBptive, or !?halJ J go vn- 
liuiinrily^' Muntrosc answered. ' Maite your ehoice." 
' Thco,* »nid the other, ' f will not go ns a captive, 
btit as a voluMleer/ Upon thi« nflijir, Jjtinn^ (vonlon 
thiiK comineiil* : *' Whether Montrose was content to 
be ovcrl)orne by vottv**, ihnl so it ini^lit be his greater 
l^lorj to lend Huntly to h^dinburgh at, a trophy of hia 
eonquest, or if, indeed, Montrose wna ovcrpoxveri-d, and 
confttniiued tv yidd to the cJauiouTH of the norihvm 
CorcuADten, uho hud drawn the tiouth country men 
liwir wny, it ja nncf^rtaia ; hut, however, il was con- 
cluded thai Hitntty mnet go nlong with Ibent to Edin- 
burgh titider a ^nard, lliouj^h not diKjirmnl ji» a pn- 
MKicr, which wan aocordtti^Jy perfurnicd. So Montrose 
ftodhUparty.wiihin U-vtilianaforiiiightnfter their com- 
ing. marclKil 80uth ogaJJip i>.tat>IJ^htn|; a conintittee of 
tbc ForbvfWs and Frazer&, and their u^sociatcK. to guard 




Mnfc now uut uf tbi; wuy« He wtnt lo Edt^aqik 
fool for foot ultli .Mnntrme* accompanied with lot tvo 
vUr*t pons, U<x>r^ L<fnl (iordon. aod Jaiimw ViMvaiA 
of Abofo^ who roluniarily wenl sIook with iheir b* 
tiM-rt L4>nl LiHluvirk Uunjuvi Mng bul m yotmy bof 
Kt igcIkkiI in It^ii^ U^oi^cti C^Ellr,) u'lUi bU f^nradBMH- 
ih^", iW nOicT^, I^>rtls Chnrids an*! Ifnrrj", young 
AOdm. llif lost of Uw two iu FmoiY. wLrrts liif vm 
honk io wme of tbo three ioeApadty Co be i«keik do- 
lk« of- True it U tbitl for that time, wbtrn HniiUy» 
nitttnr^^ tu iiftrole. wm niotk prisoner, {for I can give 
it no lietler nima\) f(*w or none of the Corenanters re* 
oniti-il tluil ibmlimr* '>*i^ ratiirr atllun tni it ; yet Jt ilid 
ftniil Ibein iKXhInit who wmc the nmin nbcttors tli«rr- 
«f, beil«|; cx]mHt1 to i^re&tcr nlfroTil* by bis folkiw«f« 
llttmnlHilelr tlirfeaf\er ibaa if be haJ aiaicl at boui^ 
wbowiwbl hnnt uiulouUcdly. JKicordmg to Assurance 
|[iv««« liarr kr|it in btt follvWvrft* Ami for Mou1rcoe> 
igak^ m^omf w ilh ibut action, U h nioet certaiu, tv tbe 
btvl rtf my fcnowWpr, lor I write ibi* kooivin^ty, tbat 
il bnHl tiltck ft ^attsie io EInntly a^nmn Moutnj^e, 
tluil ofterwArds. vhi-n Mi^iunwr fell o41' to tbe Ktip 
Olid Att^htk the I'uvmauirrs aud wras gbnl to gviUw 
wirtoiwo ot Hunily and htn folk)Wer»t tbc Marquwof 
lltimty nmhX oewr br gainrti In join coeHinJIy whb 
Um, ibor lo a walhw that iuitigniiy* nbicb bred jara lio- 
IwiJt Umbi b Ae eairyi^g oo of tbr uar, and that 
wbieb waa ftlnalop to the ooe Was pcbk>ni gitemduK to 
dM other ; wheiKO it eame to pa«a, that mch aa wen 
eqvoHy foattwa to both (who knew ti well enough^ 
Won MtnnJ. aijtl in umI prmlM so Gir uio nunnlQ 
awl lievtroy bulb of Ibctn, uwl the King by a coot^ 

M^in'ROlEa POLICT C0?fTn01LEI>. 

Sucb is aj] unravourabte acfuivut of tbis naalU'r for 
Alontrose, reeordnl by & partkulur friend anU follower 
uf HunUy. AEciitL'itli, wli<j«^e liistury <;F tbt- trouMcK 
wna urrillcii in French, and pnutt-d el Psris in Ihr your 
l6€l, »itn1cs po«itiveJy» that wlion Huntly rnmk' Imk Jip- 
ptftTftDce, under promise of safety, at Abei'deenx '* im- 
meilLntfly thvy corniniMK-ei] to tiolirit MuntroSL- not to 
niflVr JjjJii to r^-m:iin jit lii^ (iwn country, wlinttrver pro- 
miHo he hiMl inndc him tr> ihe contrary, nnd jJlhough 
Moutroae oppusMl lli^m to hiu utmost (jtoppo^u-ft d^ 
tout son porruoir) to prevent tlieir breaking the parole 
ihnl hiid bi'i'M pvt'u, tu^Vfrlhi^ieeK )iia single imlliority 
being iiiMJjttt'iciil to prevent it. Huntly anU hii eldcvt 
xnn were mrrJecl priHonr^i^ 1o the Casl\e of Eilinhut^lir 
from wlicniv tliey were not liberated till tbi^ pence of 
tier«rk'Jc/' iWn U i^luirt uiid Guthrie exoaerati' Mon- 
trtMc, hut arc neillier precise nor accurate in the few 
detaiU Ihey alTord, in which lliey opiwnr too mnth pre- 
JnditTeji uguitiFit Hnnlly. Fronj all llie aci^'unnt^, how- 
cTcr, il ii oUviuus that i\>h diHcredUable protveJiiig was 
not Uir p(»l]('y of Montrofit*, and hnd bt^n carried into 
vXM-ution contrarj' to bis remonstrance and plans, for, 
wbt<n a<:lin^ for himself, Montro>w* bnd netunlly dis- 
nibM-il Hunily upi*ii the inobt favourable terni^ ; auU 
if Huntly wa« of a di!i[io!<Uion \o chcrUb, even to the 
min of hiA King nml country, tht^ mtienihrani.-e of ihnt 
wroo^ in nf^er years, the fad of MontroKc Imving com* 
mauded vhtiolia eovi'mLiitiajj; expL-flit Jori» in arjn§ aguinat 
tbc loyjilty of Huntly'n diKtrict, ia aufllcient lu account 
^4br that fatal " di«taater witlunil tlic^ iu-ce«Kity of snp- 
']^oainf that Montiow wan a willing party to the <lis- 
boaounble act. * Indeed, it appears lo be obvJoiis, from 

* niUllly,iD IkM f|imtvd (*|i1y I" Ihv uvlrlvuiuti. tfbuUuiuvii, niiil mmi' 
ttkrt wfio, on iLc panof ibo tovennnUT^ Rnw him llipDptiun vt jiAa- 



JUoBtrvoe viHJu ibis orcxuon wa< Icifiprrcd whli ■ 
ncRMEitj and ^bnmticecoDinuy.tiQil only fo tho 
and «o«idiiH of tbe diielii who accompuTjivO bifiK a 
cocilrollcd hi» Klionn, btit Co tl>c expectation;* ttwl i 
Alnirtioua of the l^aUe^j, aixl ovvn of smne of Uh; 
diristtaii of ibv cowuantin]- cJerj;^. That sudt 
mntiy rtt |>e coitiiiiniideif, iit ibcw ntiU- uihI i'3(cit4*d tirni^, 
shoaM havr riotously sktidVaMcfiilty luxtimt«4 m tbrir 
fre« i|nartfrs upon tlw* r«tatrs of tht-loyaliMi, orrinH bat 
tht^ iiuevitable ruu^at^uce of tiMrU, an exp<:dilioii. fi«t 
it is worthy of renjjirk, thai both Spalding; ami J 
CJtirdtiu, purlisAriH uf Hmitly, ^o far from imjniUu^ 
t>ecc»*ar}' i»e vert tin to Moatrosc, bear tt-rtimoiiy to 
gciJi;rDtm fifrU-nrnm'e iiiiilvr rrry diffinjlt nunimslan 
The plumitriii^ that occum-d Jamos Gonlgu rtfm 
iLie ])oticy of Lt^iitie. He so>-3 — " It wa.n observed go 
iirrnlly by lUI, Ihnl Ai^le «-ns Iho firet who raisnl fire 
ju Scotland, by biiming Alrly'a Louae, aa G^uenU LesU^B 
had first iK-^Titi |dundt?riiig at Jovcrurj- -"• nmt tliislV 
day, tin' llth nf April, the Earl of Argj-lc's High 
mePtat coinitkai^d of Gviiural Muulnwf, vmiw iitt» A 
dceii, f^oiu out Ibe honndi of Dmm and Pitfod 
^routJil,atid the eoantr}-tlien:ubout,twljere they wanted 

tbo iDfiiim' in whirli ht huiA Utvu vQLn|r|i^; — " To bv yuiir 
It by uiiich Fhv Icn dlipluuinff to lEic tluii my ncciualifin it lor 
»W Imj< lijyidty. iijkI iHjlI I Itnvd lirvn hrnfljclit Inlo drfc" cvIbM bj inA 
unlntr nii?anh, HA <Tin n?VJ.<rhi?mnilr ji(i|>fart:iO[UHUkbLE inllnMt- wliODPitd 
(li«i]i-" Acul nflvr k'uriiing lliir tonn* rpdfcrvft hint, cuiidudn ;— " Fat 
my uwu jinrl f mri in ynur imwor, mid tr^^ttvi' O'ti U' iv«vo llai fbul UUt 
uf irtklluf ui iLQ liiliurilkDC^ lu my poilviUy. Yov m*i]t fa4f mf ktmi 
Jhrm ma tfumiflrrr, bvi nvr mif hrvri /htw wy Swtff'i/rK' ThU n^ 
U dkwil tfOlli of April 1 OJP. tlic ilay llunllf wm fldit lo i 
wu jntiniod Id Lan'loii in the foUnwiDK fVU' 

o&viEiiofiiTY OP Mor^Tnoss. 

nut olMitKlutioe uf b<-HKU, miLtUin,anr] ^uod fnie for littk 
piy,) in order of bntllc, wiili bagpiper uud HigLlaad 
itrnis. alx^itt Ave liuiLilred iticii. They weul nbont the 
crott ill ratik, utiU btrinjf vic?wcd» tb^^ Gcuerul <Muiili'o«e) 
comitiAodod tijcro 1o |(o to thetr Jud^Tigs, whit^h were 
fircpaiv<i within the town fov thrm; anil ihoX tfw^nhottUl 
tio HO i^ro/t^y which i\\vy atrefwliy ubi?yeij, uuJ for tluf 
whit'h ibir Itjwn >^\v ihi^ih Tivl- }iizridroU iiii.u'ka iu moiicy 
vehcii tbcy removed with the tout army/' It U matii- 
tevitt thrrrfnn-, that Montnivr hnil )wvu rxrrtitig biitw 
wlft and 8ucc<:»fi.d)y, oil nil h^inU to idirvc, as fui' uh 
pooeible, town and cmm try from the burdens nnd t-x- 
ofuitfii of war< AgniEL, Jaim^H Gordon uutoa^ thrit, — 
** April 12tb, General Ll^Iic iiuirchc^d cut of Abcrdceu, 
Hnitliwanl, c-uruj^fllin^ the towu to |)uy him teu thou- 
sand merktr a? a gi^ent courtesy lo Ijim-'' The faet wan, 
hotvt^ytr, thut Montrose's inatrui'lions wenj to txocl 
n litiiidri'd tlroU5nrid mcrkn, ;mU to vbit the rcctieaut 
Dorib, and cspccinlly AbtTdL-oti, with the fcrt'^itest seve- 
rity in every mpenU llutl he turricd tijv und swoi'd 
lliri>U|cb the wbole dlstriei, be would have done no 
more tbuti what Ibe TablfH, uiid cspeeiaUy tho cove- 
OABling clergy, wisht^l mid exjH'ctvd birn to do. It waa 
lllfOtllgtk MontroF^e n leiiioiii'y. as Spalding opres^ly ad* 
luitv, tbdt the tine upon Aberdeen wis r^ueed to teu 
thcnmnd tof rk$ ; mid Hinllii% jifier bbortfy narrating 
tlie SHbjugutioij of Aberdeen by Montrose, adds ihi^t^i? 
Itrntrkablc exprew^imiM of diwAp^minlmenl : " Tho rfw- 
creiuM oi ibiU gA'iwroHJt ami irMv youik (MuNU'(J8e> 
W3K but tvo f^rent. A gn-ni sum wh.i undn-'rl a* a fine 
to llinl uiimilarii) city, but aU tvan J'vi given ^ and, 
f^pniking of ibe free quarters upon Drum find Pitfod* 
. (feb— " Thiit u us niueh tried out upon by our eui'uni's, 
Mh mid nnd biirbnrou^ plundt-rliig^, but a little time 



did try tital wv hui been foo grfat Jooia not to < 
thftt roDDUy Bhogrtbrrt and ii«r «oiii« Mrrrifff far rx- 
tuopfo aiMMkg theo) : ai iliAl liiDf tlie>' b«d uo r«Kii»i 
df nMBplaimiig, b«i gnratly to ramrnvnil, u.t tbcy did ia^ 
words our Itati^* tvmrif^r The vcvrnty wbkh tbi^l 
rrvtmid pftrttSAB d^Ml^ralfd wai^ (ax wv Hlimll find on 
«Mtb«r o cwei oo wbco MooiroM's Ibrbmninrc Again 
d fa i|>pi l nteJt!»facliopOgo/jywWiiffrtgri*f'My'jAc>Me*; 
luid thuK Baillk himsrlF nlTondH IIh< utroD^t^l cocifinui* 
lioii of Bishop Guthrie'B aewrtioD^ in n*fcrvDCc to ihi» 
c3E|Kdhtoii, uaiiKly, tlinl *" wune fWry mlnl^rrs, thtt 
mndril MimlnHT, urgi^ tiu Jn^a Uian lliul Li: aliotlkt 
boni Ihc town, uid tbfi soUkn^ prmtcd for liberty to 
phnidfi' if, but be was iDoir noble than to hcaHEcn ta 


iStf now HuPJTKDe^ hl/PIKIHO TltftH. 

It waH about the middle of the mouth of April l€99. 
that MoiitriiHi^aiid Leslit^n^turnril jn triumph from the 
north witb Jluntl)' & prieoiier. ThJs wab llie jjeriud uf 
the oioet grD«-rol nod alnccrf oxci tern cut. tUrt^uj^hout 
Scotfaud* agaizifit thv itivu«iirfa ui' thi? (.'ouit, tifr the 
real %ccrtit aiid the actuaL ti-mpcr of the prcKcut tlirc!at- 
miti^ iittitiulc of th<f Kiijp*, w&h untlerhlooil only hy n 
ftnr> Hie Moji-fity hnd rcacbcd Vi>i'k willi au jiittTiciL'at 
but most Im|>o»^rig array, uud lib evil gc-iiim, Uitmil- 
toil, " iDiutt/' Baya Sir Philip Warwick, " be n dietiuct 
Gcneml both by sea and land, aud with n ^ood Hi^t 
miuft block uji Uiv 8cciti:b ncnvi, and, /fj ?m^ hww/vt/ffc\ 
be jiromised w to risii hia coiiotrym«^n on thdr co^^ts, 
m that thiry Khuulil iiiid liltli; cusc or security tu Uieir 
hibitatiou*-" HainiltoD^s own ktter, which time ha^ 
di^cliHi'd, vrrifirs tlie ubux'tv fur tht^rdii, wlicu plu^inirig 
ifaia vtry vxpcditiou, he advisee the King to " curb the 
iD&oJency of this rebellious nation," and In " moke them 
miftcrabl^r with •* ns^iitance from England/* This, 
bi- addh*. *' will t-trtaiuly 80 irrifate them, na all thosi- 
whv within ihia vuuutry' stand for your Majmly will 
b4* in gfvnf ftfttf imfftinent (i4»rt^r"^ Five moutlii 
from tliv date of thi» letttr hud !it;arce)y elui>&tfd, vvhun 


Hamilton was lu the Firth, and baviD^ brou^t Scol- 
Innd to \ts hi|{h«at pUoh of oxriEomont aod Irritation, 
and Ujc King into the iirimt critit'ui jhhjiioh, mid li^iv* 
iiig saffrrcd llnntly m thai very rmi» t" he token pti^ 
von^r by %\w Coven Rnt«-T^, lir in^tuntly c^tabli&li^a '^'^1 
self on Ojo mofil pencef;*! fooling iviih the rebels hi 
w(\^ lo re*\uci.' iv misery, nrid taki-n tbe tno^t certiii» 
DieanK, by Ht/f ^lundhifi fur hU Mujcflty. of jvlncing 
nJl who did " in grcnt ond imminent dnngtr.** Tbf 
important crisis of Hamjlton'ti arrival before l^eith ^H 
thns recorded in the ]iianiiacr]j>t of James Gordon : — ^^ 

" Hxiniittiru (-'[inn.- int" tliL- Kirih (if Forth on tlic fii 
day of May,* with n. fleet of about twmty-cight «bj 
whcrHn wc-rr finid> bt'Riden thi? mnriner^, to have 
five thousand fool soldiera, English, together vrith 
ney and umnkuiiition. for levying and nrntiiig soldi 
fjt Hamilton's landing. Suinlry tmhkinen iif tiiNjtiand, 
who Mood for the King, and nomc officers of fortune, 
Bn they ti-nii theni, who rnrNp itlong with Hamihon, 
were appointed to command these leriea- Ha»id:on^^ 
at his eoi^dng into the Firths anchored betwtxt the tvr^| 
little ifiles.or Inches, called Inch-Keilh and Inch-C^lumb, 
riding in the very pince where the pnssrigi^.bonts be- 
twixt Leitb and Bruntisland muke their ordinary and 
nojire^t [manage at all times. His coming hither begot 

• Proro iheTofrn.CniinfU hook4orAtwrdfen,ii ji[tpwa llut th« TtlA 

tbu rvj'Hlltout.ciPiJiiihEiriK t>f lu'viity-ninvkiul, bkul juiir «rif*rvd dw 
AlifinlviMi wa* ihvtvifanf rvrjTiircjd t" Iwy uYvty (utnih mui of the ahfr 
rtirdoak, barifh and UdiI word, and tern) tbv oi, luittbly fKcoiopMiied hiIA 
iLorH.-. lo ihv iL-ntCuivuiift u Kiiiaharg^i. well armcMJ, and )>roriiiiAnnl firr 
El'U <1ftys ill oTiLft u> iimrc-ti tu thi: borrk'n, whi^ra a alnmlUuir^iia ftiliKA. 
Ill cn-optrmELnn witli iho Htvl. wiii i<vfik<clv[E. Thi vuwn of Ihrntfi 



■ gTMt alarm aniongst the comrnoDi, and hilcU as M-<;re 
not 0CqtiaiHtrti wrth iht^ mtjifliTit^i <if fruHtHi-Uft, wlin iijwm 
botb BHtea trf tlic Firjh W^riu to run lo nrms, nnd lo 
Ifiunl the cuuftt8, lli^tt Hniiiilt4>jj Jtiid liis soliitfrs iiiL;-!it 
he kept froin IfuiOini; ; and tbc-Jr trepidation itaa no 
whit diminiittierl f>y tlie cuvonanUiii; nr>bkmcii. who 
kept a grciit dcnl of vtir with midc:£vt}u»iii^, %n\\ rlr^iw* 
iiif; up borvc And foot i« kn^p tifl^ Jhimiltnn« who ni^Ue 
no great haMe* to runu- n^Himrts l^^^i' nil lie iliil u'ub 
lo *el Ilia «oldi<,'rs by tums ashore upon fiich-Keith 
nnd Indi-Ciiltimb to itfri^^ih tlieiu ; und i( wa;* nffirmrd, 
tlimt* bc-iiig ihorr. they CiiuW iiink*; «onic tirc-worktir 
wblcti mndi* n iloimi* likr uritu i\ vijllt-y of fiiunkol^ shot 
otf, and alJ to innkc the* Jgrtarant people bvlJi^vi; Ihut 
bh tiunibt-rs w^-rv ^reutrr ilinn iinWd llicy wtiv. The 
fcrt u! tbc Unje lht?y lay liwiv wan sppnt iu ftnikirig- 
txcurviociM upon pa^aaite-boaU oi- tiF*lifrrnc-ti, withmil 
ctfeflBg to ctiDic n-L-ind« till hi» victunlh bt^fin t^^ithtT 
lo coonnneor to e|>ot1, or ihr Innd noldJcrH to sickrii. 
KDd rtotneof tWm todi<? ; olfuTwiHi- lln.- flwt Old more 
lituttu tin; King uUo aont th«m than tu the njcmy. 
For during tbe time thnt hc^ liiy Id tlit? Firth cornrnauder 
of the f]<s-t, Ifnmlltdn hud duiJy i^i>rn-s|H>ji(li'ji^t' by k-i- 
Uit or inewngc with the prime i:i>v<'ria]itir))f iit^bkincii, 
who. ufMler the pieKxt of that which «halJ W pn-Kent* 
Xy told, aoiaeiimea would come a*board of the shij^* 

kt fluailiitn " j*f % l0*»r of hi» cvnii»lry, — Jhot thi- pm|jk'vinvril 
Atmsf ■■/■■» AifRp — Cl'jiE hfi bmL jirr^fpifiil it •urixh a r««fil<iliuii r'> mn- 
tl fur fliir innlnl uJvviteffCr— ihnF InyAlly in k'lP (irLrtLV Mould 
fankil litzu." Bui ■kBlUle «A> D<>t *wurr of If ■millun'i rvcviit Iviicr U 
^ Khi|^ m irJudi lir ilviiouiii'm tL^-m lu l]y|i'K-ririiit3 ri>lH<lt. nntl &ir* 
vifeWr* TIcvtLuid m ■ ihufrii'i^ awkd wrt/iift^ •■•^i/vfry / l^uilUf hilling - 
** |l ii«a^ld«nl h« «wbliii<i*l] ocoudoD nl ln't^unnMh' tltP war; W dlil 
MA Wpdile I miD ud ibore wlib a fthi>L" 



whcrt- Hmiiiltou was. vumetimeA one, somviumm nnnthn 
of tJi«iii. 7*liu> vrcre aiAtten auried uoctcriiBtid, wbil 
peat hoAfe tvM mnd^ about ttj« JunilrHng of his Iftmt- 
In^t ill a t^rtiic^ way : and ainongBt uih«r Jsealota noM 
biijtk-r to tiar hi» laiLtliTig thuu Hmtiiltoii'ft own motlirr. 
vrho cnmn riding townrdn Lt<itb, at Ibe head of wiinr 
flrnifd iroopM, wfih iwo cnHr<pi«to)* At her gatldlc, pro- 
tefitbi^j AS in afliniifd, that &hi? would kill hiT twn with 
]jer ovra bauds if he «bouM offer to com« u-)anil in nn 
hof<ti1<' way ; miil itnme altiriri that di« hmJ &»//« fifgotd 
iofttcftd of IcokI to kill him withii] ; Tht last tvport 1 
sbal] not QS8cri for an nndoninblo tnitb, though it ap- 
jwarb (u be true, wbicb was iv|iort«tl of that latl)-V ro- 
mauce^ikv caprice in ebb i>aniculftr. hj the Centimoojr 
of Mich tif^, having: u'ritlcTi a matilfrAto* for ibf Cov|t> 
DftjitcrSf do not glory a Utile jn the valour and nnolu- 
tion of cbe oM Lady Manjui^c of llamlltOD ogaiiut her 

Among the pnpcnt of MontroMr't friend and advJMft 
we fiiid a bond, which will p^crvi: to illiwtmtc tht* gen^ 
ral exciteitient that ngw prevailed in ScotLind. Lord , 
Napier, who adored the King, and abhorred foeUoi^| 
ftDd who •tmmmiHly maiiitxiioeil the divitte right o^^ 
Kiogft was ncvrrlhfK-5M IuhilI*-, as wt' hnvc Mcca, Co 
uggniiulizeixjeut of the bifiho)>«. Coiioeiviag that 
policy of Laud had brought Ihr King, agninHt Itis 01 
hi-tirr jud^nJL'Ml, iuiu this hostile pu^tnro, andddudi 
wilh tlif idcti tUm itji" covt'itaNting party meant onljr 
to >t£tud on thcdviVTiMvi-, Xur thdr itelj^it>ij uiid Libi?9^| 


Il1^ ('(iin|iilvJ Iniiu llie toLtrnt he FWCn c^J IfuiuKobtft IkUillir. hit Pbii^ 



tics Niipi«-r, dxiiigh, Hki? Moutrose. doatlneil to be lu*. 
toItmI ill the ruin o( hit^ f^nvenri^fn, witH at thin mo' 
mfnt ■ CovcnmiUrr- The originnl of tlio bond, nliicb 
w« qaote bckiu-, appcnrrt lo Jj^ive been k'ft with thifl 
Hkblman, ADil it bmra evident luarku of haviuf; bemi 
written wtth ^rrut huntt- ami |K<rhir1mEiorK* Ohviouti* 
]y it rrfi^ra to tli<; aupj^ort ul' the ^ivjit covt'iiuiiliiig 
army, which for Home timt- pant Um) hccn g-nthiTing 
nud«T llic niltilary «u^pjc«6 orLi^HJii-^ who» on the lAUi 
of UiiA aMtitli of May, obtained from ihc e^tatpa bb 
aaut)b»ii)ii uf Ouni-riiUMiiuu. uiid Atitirtly riftt*rwiirda 
amlicd to ihc lK>rdcni to oppo&c Ihc King, Jt nppc^nri 
to \nte bccu by Ihc common consent of the cnvcimnt- 

* * A<t tulv'TjTtil (itr ti-li4f Hflfl Murtitf Id tfafl 1eikD«r> nf rnnnrj'4 hk 

4if ibwipwdauHi^iiudpnirvuiuif^oriheclUUitiiilii^ irf uur iJrmu^, 
lyklifl to lUnolva.lf tbvy ^w not fntMnhvt}—V^i? nah\vmvti, 
of ibyii* (U3tl bnirown fur PBtUiujii-Ei[ vouwliii-il) £^vm 
Ibll p»«w ud ■uthmM* to llw uuimultUf ijuliilk wv Iiutu npipyiLlvd Co 
^■1 BdhdMrifh, In j^vp III itnrtof ii^niridp^ vp^ic^f Jngpnt^nO, it hy itnjr 
parVlcDiAF penvn V <|uhrthfT nr>Mfincn. hiuron^ ir hur)(<pfivik tjuhoni the 
MnsauB, lHinar» df fhv muueyik pliiiuw lu nuiiiinAt iiiilu (Km i|bhu «til 
<n4h th* tBDDeyi ui'l (ililixv* ■*■* iht) ixfliyivfc voil liuiTuwB fur wjiai4 w« 
«r cttmadfldwun, Cu [Ay ikuii rufDuiiO iv tLvMiOtluunvnol' ibu raonc)*. 
■« Ibtf qahd fCConAh ibidD to oiLr ^mljllk uhu dud luhiruru, iiubulwrn- 
^vvr HaoHs of mimvyiohiit bd Ivnnui! by iiny.nnilHui-urtidtfMhrUmhiir* 
bj lb« ^4 tidonittt, or uny [jn^ilcuior pcnon Bt ihcir dhrucdon, or \tic\ 
Ab Id ba ab uAcluiT a svurariil baiI kivurltlu bit tbc ino»t raniiMj liiutd 
vllb Ihr klrictmrf cIhum*, imil r>Ti1if^ ■)» &* txtttrid tlio pfintn in fhh mnic 
ImimI ttiiy» in cvk^fl i^iiliairtkr, vn hnvv «[il>vTyvL^ rhi* nut ax l']din- 

' Rolfaai^ Mur. MuikEnfH-,<.*nMiLlJa, .MuritKcjiuury. B^iyil, Xuji^r. FE>nv*> 
>v«, Frimitsr, Bulinvriiiu^ J, Kntkini^ bindunn^ J. CnnyiijEliHmhvid. Wi. 
11%. «r AchCTDy, J» bUir nf thm Ilk, Ito. M C'talr. Mr J. Uai^crdir, Ttio- 
nai llAp, W^ [X Ki4-'i:nr[iiitac, Dundu frf yit- Ilk, -Sir J, MonvnilT, J. 
ttvUi A)r Fdinr,, RJchnr^l MiUArll fur Etlint.. Uwt^ Hrurr, Dlk <r<llk- 
TlprWoKv TbiK Unire for Slorhn^, T. |liirLAnii> fi^r |\-mli." 

t'sM Kurmter ■ai'l Fiir Jubn Muiivri^iir hiv.1 ajTiud thrir fllfrDllOTC* 
taic* tu III* Mbutv. 



tag nohilJIy of fSrotlniid, ihnt Ihdr wIkiIi- mitiUir)' 
rai)g^ni(.'DtA were uow left to ibe cxpcricDCe ntid uiUfitf 
i>f Lt^iJi*-, who, from his Ioh^ proftifeaioiutl babil 
unqiLi.-slio[i;ihIy better <|im]if)cU tlmu aay uf llwi 
to orgADixe Rod order tht^ iliKpofiition of Uttir foi 
Hid nrrari^rneiiU weiv of thtr mo»t vfti'rtivc ruitui 
nnd diU nut Wly hiv r^jmliktiuu as iht favouriu |-«u< 
ral of <JtiHtdvu:« Ailulphux. Tbi- coluueb of Che «ri 
H-erc, for the mwt pnrt, th«e nobW wbo hod 
ACtivtT in the cau:^, and the Kiibi^nliurUr nlcpH wrrr 
6tow«l tijHtii prufeMiouul oill;.-rr8 long inured lu 
and diBidplinc in their lucrcriiary Gamiml^s al 
LesdJe Kiibinfttr'i] in the 'J'sblcM trviiiiili arUdeai of irnr: 
whicJi he h&'l drawn up ofler the tnodd of the m^ 
coile of GtiHliLvus AdulphtJfi, auA llk^e buiii^ apptovi 
of, he cauxeil to he printed. mh\ drculaied umottg his 
soldiers. Nor did he nrglcct the (itfc^iiHnr ttitd impotv 
ant dement of bis pri-seTil [*ervice. — " tin? piilpif dmm 
eccleNJafttlc" No one eniild aceuve Aicxvuder Lc«li« of. 
bein^ a fAiintii% but he wfU knew ilw^ value of fanall* 
ci«ni im tbt- preHirnt uecii^ion. Tv kee|j, no Ivan ihnti] 
to attract, the whole country to Km standard, he i\at- 
ivvvt] Ibe vnnite, < xeif^'d the nnihitimi, nnd thns nitnehed 
tbo servieeb of the roveuantin^ clergy. Th« camp of 
the Coveonut lie imbued as iniieh ns posslbti^ vith tlie 
Apirit of the 'J'uhle-f, iind (lie fienrral AnseJiibly, iu t»r- 
der to increagc its bell]^rentqii«1ilie'«, Themiabt^rs 
wktv vjiitlly elevnted, as well might they l>e, by tlic im- 
poMauee of tJieJr present position. The very ankk* of 
w«r were redolent uf thepiilpil. On thetiUe<|Hi||^wa«tbe 
ecrlptuml motto — " When tlj»u ^e^t out to bottle 
n^inst thioo enemies, bo uot afraid of tbrm, and beep 
thee from every vricked thing," * — but In case ibe text 

■ Vfe ^M* rnini b en^ty at tijla now nirc Dvct, printed M Bdiubnimh 
bjr JtfflirA BryMn» vn Ifnm, rn^. 

oiiKlil iLot btf tiufficluiitty «*nii;oi;Ji>ufl, it wns artickil, — 
" When any iiiBrrb u to be made, every rnan ihai is 
Kworti nhall fdllow his colourb; whosoever presume* 
vritbout Uavf (ofitay behind ulinll be pnrnsJied. ICnny 
upon mutiny bv found to do it, he they itijifly r»r be 
ibey few, tley aball aie fur it. " The tlm nrtiele of 
the cDd^> however* is litUU " Krclirskstieul Uiiin|UiiK\" 
aud coii^uicuccs wiU* the prciviwmj — '" That tii every 
reglnient under n tolonel, there be an eceleaiFLAitcol el- 
dersliip, or kirk-beti&ioit," &e. Nor mu^t tre fui-get 
their celebrate*! hmunT. in wbkh a worldly crai-ing For 
rrgnl jiowrr, so dmnirti'Hi^t.ii' of llit' Kirfc, wiis thus im- 
piously lygjitied, — " the Scottifth arin»> and this motto» 
Jiir C'ftrUt'f rfoim ami Coveiwnt^ in goldtn leltere>" 
The pulic}' of all tbi^. in i\\v littltr old croukt^d Triend 
of (.iiintam* Adoljihn*^, may be gnthertd from the ac- 
onuit of Baillie, who, inoiv than hiilf-eniKed with ex- 
eitcmeitt oti tlie oceaMon,* favours us with Uic follow- 
\ng rxiivuicite portrait of himself: " I furnishrd to half^- 
a-dorarn ofp^oti fcllou'^, rnuHket^ ft^iii |>ihes, atid to my 
1m>}" a broad-sword. I carried myself, as ihe fashion 
was, a ^u'ord, aruJ a niu|ilo of Dutch pistols at myi^d* 
die, but, I promise, for the offence of no man. eieept a 

* El' AfVk ^ ( "''^ 1* ^ mitn vrh'j \in<\ (Akm iny Imvp frolfi ths worM, 
«ai] vimt rtMff'ft lu lAc ict tjml wivin-^ tcff'vvl n-tuni. t fuural Thu fit- 
TOUT uC Ovd Hhlmuu ut>u" tiib, 4Uil b ^ww;!. inutV^ bLiEulili<. yi/K ttrnin^ 
urd*db«awtil «pjri( Inaine (ni.^ uJ iluciiif ^ tur 1 wu no K»uii«.<r uji my 
vmy wawvil, iUUip Uw cMJitluBluu uf Ibu jicuehs lliui m^ lAtl v<unty 
li fc In bvumv] rutumtd." A* for ihk> iVTi^i, nU'ck^ tar. <ifiirLt whtth 
cvrkal hln %\nnf;, xtkt- the fnLlowinff 4(K'«^im<^n Imm Oir ■*»>« Ict- 
irrt " Tflcy utw wo mrc not lu Tm< Wikfi'^J, nnd ifml UTon^ tvc ntuiilij 
b« nwlol wilh * lunlJin by Tht L^iirth ,•[ churvJinum, wIlo ktf|p1 
ttiMm«ltw fiir i^Idic-W (rt'nt Ihp ltiMi>vy wv uitv ri«>Ljkvwl (» amlui 
iboBi Uirvu^h tbtf rv«k. to ^uc a ff rip 4L>f Krmuuf Uinu wLuEiJul lint kitiJ- 
M Itw Civ, vid iCitl Itful it]^ 111 it, xad Jjjr i^ w nrutti tiM thpn in tkr 
■ivbr o/iitUi i»tif if ll^ai fani «h pIcMBUt wbeo ll nmi' near OiiHr 
nn Bbltto" 



robber in the w&y ; for il was our pnrl nVonc to praj 
uul proach fur tli« vucouraj£vi»njl of otir couulrytueit, 
whidi I dill to iny pcjwrr «wMit chccrfuUy • • • n 
you Jciit your t^jir in tbc iiioniiii^ or vnficeioUy at evi 
ami hrardmthc tciiU thcfioiiixl of some singing iMtll 
»oi»r praym^t and sonii' roEuiJng MriiKiire, ye woulif 
lisrc be«n rr/>i*«A<v/— truti Uiertf vtab /tf^irrfi^t 
cttrMUg, nat\ hntwiih^ iti Hoine quarU^n<> wb* 
wtn gricvcfl, but we )]op?(). if our coinp liod bc«n 
iittie ^itL'(t^ to have gotten some way for th^ae id! 
der**" Tlie tanij* naa Hiiflicitflilly -tvttled, btjwi-vcr, 
take; excellent order with tbcJr boUir^, and t^tJIiv 
not r«r)j^*t Ibe rirrrcflhtnrtil ornTtiithi-r dramptJon, wbJch 
bis fcwrct niid v^'hcmc-nt Hpirit socnis to bavt? no Ji-m 
enjuytxi. He dobeatiU, uitb ioorelh;iEk th« ffriiittx oXa 
hungry Kcoti upon ibe conipAraiive meriu of tlie sump- 
tuous fcfL«t9 of tbc KnglUh gencrul ;iml bin own; th^H 
fftrc. lie nay*, nt Lenly's Iour ftid«*tdb]L' was " as bi^cainr^ 
a general in liinc of iCitr. but not »o ca/uw by for bi^h 
Arunders to our miltk-H." And then, " tmr ni«aiic«^^ 
goldirr^ were nhvayit served in wheat breads and a K^miI 
would have gottvn tbi-m a lamb-leg. whldi waa a dftlni 
wodd to ihc mf»st of iliem/" 

In thill dih^untiEi/f armyr Moutrosc commanded * 
|;ltueLit of nbove lifteen hundr^'d men : btit, «t lli« 
niom«nl of it« nmrdi, tim !«i-rviL-L-^ wt'tv a^faiu re<|ub 
in tbu iJortb. aud he wbk diret^tod to lenve his n^iinc&l 
In the Ctistl^ of Ediiiburifh, uiiikT tW romnmiMl of lij 
UffUtcnmit-i-oloriel, nud bnatcD to cxerc biiDs«lf bi ih» 
i|niu'ter wlicre ibc most iiEinii^diaie duuf^^r was ai>pn»> 
hriidetl. Argyll' wan fit the* wime timt- afiiKilntetl tttj 
wAtcb tho Wfsteni coast, where a descent w^li exp 
from Iri'laud. under the Karl of Strallortl. 

It H'oa In the nortli that tbe tint cotli&ioD oomrred, tl 

b))euLag scene cf ihat civil strife whicli ceaieil not until 
nfttfTtlKfUAtioDAllioiicurbadreci'ived an {ti(t«llble&ta{n, 
AoO thv throiitr hseli u-a& i^wtrpt awuy. Th'ti^ wiin tlic 
Tilal quarter ;tt present of (he royal t^aiiKc ; mid Ua- 
aitltuti, oL-corJirigly, Ihetv left H to iu fnte, while Mon* 
Irom: ili^pbjrtHl a ttiH'eapoiiUiiJg Jcgrc-e of aclivil)- on 
thi^ siflcvf the (^ovonnitliru. The Vist^ounl of Aboynct 
Hi;n1lyV ^tcihkJ Min, a iiivrv boy, wue now looked to 
by the loyal tmrons a* tlieU leader, tbe Lord Gordon 
bcfcag 111 ttiU time with Uin frtthrr in th(? luind^i of 
tlw ciicniy. But even of t\m youthful leader the 
north was depriverf at n moat cHircal jnncliirc; for, 
ou th« M of May* hv hud euddeidy taken his depur- 
tura by neu, in order to cUini ^uccourK in |Jcr!(on from 
fais Mi^e^typ Aboyne sucLveded in ulHJiJuiri^ (he Kiiig'« 
coTt the favourite being absent; mid ht: implored hia 
llftj«vly to gruiil him an onler upon the Marqnin of 
Hamilton for some of the Ku^^li;^^, troops, to aid the rln- 
iDi; In the fihires of Aberdeen and Band", Chnrke in- 
vnttevl the young tiohleirian uflh the Heuii-nuitey of 
the north, and, at the aamc time, scot a letter by-him 
to Hamilton, in whieh his Majesty lohl the Intler not 
to in^'uive Lim In mo»&^ ex|)enae. liib Kxehei|uer Iteing 
drained, btu " as for what as^^i^tanee you ean apnrc him 
(Aboyne) out of the foree^ thut are with you, / /rtwr 
you tojkdge, and 1 shall be glad of it if yon find it may 
do goad ;■■ and ogaio, — " if, with the eonolcnance nud 
lumttttici: of u'hut force you have, you iimy Ufiliold 
my pa>^y in (be north, and the rent of ihoKr noblemen 
I have trtnl to you, 7 thait c^icrra it a rrry ffrrat *fr- 
rfrr."* So the faieof the north, and of the nionarchy, 
wa* again eaxt upun the will of Hajjrilton, whoae c^tnt- 

* Tbtilctiin, whkh \m printed by Dumci in hli >lc!m.of ibr T>iiti^«f 
tlaullon, p^ 13^, in dnr^l \rw>utlc, I3ih Mny nLJtu. 

S56 tfoKrHoAE aHd riiK cov£Sjii 

unlujarj' dvciatun i» Uius luiiivly ucmunUnl Tvr bybu 

cvimiii^ dpologtvt Bunict : — " The MnrquiK found 

Abuytic hud no propwitKUis lo mnkv lx*ei<lo8 gcafni 

Jtovft, A»d he >av bim to be of an nngtaycd hHmcmr, 

iku Ihut Af* n:iu Ao/M^^jr (if any ^hhI u^mmidI oriiisbiBt- 

liir%s. Aft tur money* lie wuh Jiinilirii liy Utu Kiiig,«nd 

for inoti, he hud iirttt Awoyiho two ivgimctiCss tluil nmc 

dny ; mul kiticc Uu e^pccin^ ttrdf^rg wvry hour from hjj 

Majesty for aomewbut to be exeLUtifd by ihe ibin! rtgl- 

nienl, he fuuW not ue^iktrrt it loo itiurh, yi't hr «nli 

yriF <iffUfr*, the- cliLt^f of wliani w.u Colonel Oun, Etf- 

grthtr with njmr nmrminilion, nriil fciir 8mn]] plcceiof 

iirliUifry " Xuh' it is iu curious keeping wttb tJic ^ 

licy u'e tiav?^ been co»2ii4<rniig, thut tliiii bc-ro with the 

poni^ninti> imine, a (SiiHtavitii Ad(il]»huih mnn, aq (Viti- 

diLvtt^ him«etf in the service upon which he was aow 

Beni.iia to acquire the litlc of Traitor Gmu, Jaima 

■Gordoti uifDrniH u», thut wlwji Aboyae but ao far «iir- 

^C>ocfle<l with th(? King, " Hnmillon, who biuf quick in- 

tellig<Ti»ee uf nil ihnl j>MKi^eii nbout the Kin^, btriug ud- 

vertifi^ thereof, Lk]>oh pretext of searcity of viclualiud 

xicki)tB8, ^eiidfi huek thofw two tftou^uud itteii for Eog* 

Infill^ before Aboyoe eiune to him with the King's or- 

iler ; ao that whin Aboyne cnme to the Firth lo Hr* 

uiilton he wnn heiu-tily welcoriii-J and feitsteil it in triief 

aiidniftny volliL-* nbol olV At driukiiL); the King's holtht 

but it wna shewn him thjit the tm'H wt^rr g^ncy niid al? 

timi Aboyoir eould procure wm^ four brass field^pieons 

ond somt' fieUl-offiiiTa, and some j^mnll quantity of urn- 

miLEiilion, And alit^t^e u\\ ih'vn^, Hmtiilton give^ to 

him niiL' Colonel Ouii^ a Cuitbnccs-inau by 

birth, whom be recorurnt-mls to Aboyne ana truHtyanfl 

experieared Kijldim adviniag him i\\ all things to be- 



TKAtron GVV. 


itrvcUtI by Gun. M&anwbllf, ue appenred by the* cvrnt, 
HAtnilton ^vp ficcret insiructioiis to Colonel (tiin how 
to »ct. am to this hour it i» conetautly affii'm«d."' 

It whm dtmug ttic intorvrtl ofAJ^oyne's iibseiii'e that 
ft coUivioji m «rmF> hotwtxt the politicul jiarties oc- 
currecl. Tbc coEtesl was iitfiihi^r obetiiiAte nor bloody, 
bill it anjuir^ im|>ortdUi-'i' from being the fir^t dash 
of dvil \rur, and. ;l-% thv >-nccet.& wa?, on the Kiu^^'g 
Mtt Momiron? wita dispatched to tke iiorih, »]iU« 

vTti«fattAii4ng*rmnitt fvfth^ nuittfHT i« aI^o iinprintAd, hL<mjf fmm ■ 
In— :it^< of ■ uuLfjuH nr>l i.'nnlK-'I, " A ^\i"it ultrLilui^muiU ul Ikrilnin't 
IK«imp*r. rrvmtl»> y<»ri>fUod 1(130 u> lO^L*,"— by I Vnck Uwiluri, (u 
warn tf Ovnipu of ^.iLinf,) vihii wnv« *(j]mhUif) u liurj^ttqii uf Aburilvvn 
■weft £3t lAUv- An oDWunc of tbii muniucrliit wit! bo foimd ut Uw 

" AtitjnecwniioR toVhr Irot [Uiira the KiQfEl "*' *vry jixurioiwly nn* 
mplwCwKl by thtf Miui|ui>, Ul (Lv Ailnilial* Oiip» wutuyHJIy Uuitnl, 
Willi pbyuglofLhvuniiiiuicviiItfVtfr) bvulUi; luiil nil diUiibuw wp^wnlvU 
wflli BBliy promlw ol'* rval (Vivii^. wliitii, by jiiniiy rniiipluii«f)T«,{irD« 
mfvij ■ firm tuiLflJA'uof thuL all wiu rvul. AdJ utrw, txHSUiw ht n^uM 
ihi4 pi« bii» the [Uc[ jK.'uirtliiiK Kj bU Mitj^utty'h up^utulmciil, bi? kiiiU 
VHh him uinio rommnndi-ns f*" ***' i^^^^'b ht loliJ liim liu uinliirHUJErfl 
lik> 'iHiMr-) *■•* uS"lly 'Jl»tijfTiWbc(1, '>nc m puriiriiliir, rnllt'l (4>biiiL>] 
liun. ba (TciiiuLimntJk urtEir hiiii, u »ii(« wtiuw mri'Th, wlma^ '"(^ i«9|h> 
ifaati in vi^r, »ii'i vb»iv jiiil|[iih<n[ in tUv trl iiiililnry, iJtwirvvit n |nrU- 
odtor f^sM I i^d ihvrvi'Jtr Ije vbidiii« u( Aboynv thui ^tr kboutil huto 
A« Ifwlinf u| tuuh fom.->» b<MXfiii(J briD|; (u Uju Ui^liU. Sui'Zi wu> (bv 
ioM^lf of ihu youjjjf \jhnjuiiI» wEui una bum vli&ldui yturit, u»r had 
be «v«r baoi Id tcrtioii tivfur^, luuLh h>A* hud it'm Invtn'niiX ">u] bocu wj- 
«rmi Iho lutitlv IdJukiH of tUhtu poUu} ; uleI, [Ucfi^furcvibc: fri^- 
of lib onhf# dtMpiHkEiiJii wnLjld nulAuffur hint in b4> j»<iiliiNn nl wbiit* 
■be Uai^ui.*nrU'>«iHl i'\nt (n, unil Eb<- rulbL'i ivi iLihI ibcy ^vm bu 
I blued » <:MU*'i[J'j{4-'iiJUiUBui>c<.'miiu(vd. Uul Utin uiuri'« cwru^fv, 
wW «■> Ibito rvaAuiitiidvd uuru hiip, bmuKhi rirnJi ixnuibL^r «ApvnJnn, 
m mlhiiran rTldriiTjiiTiiimi li'nrf IJAuiLlUpErt JqEuuU^jiis. I'ar iiacuat' 
■ktad Kt (uviy |kid|i«h|p (rmt* Ul ihe uHi^iiutUin ul hU diar|^» u cuuld 
mH h* |*rinnnf«l hy ji prwnWd i:(»EJiiniiiKliir hitlnf vl |iurpniw Ui an-tt 
Ibfvw th« huadiuB. Vcfl ihoy wvrt- bhnJ wbo utuld ooE «e« how br, fur 
lliff i^an UiU h« t-iiinimiuiluj in Om mn-lh, did, n* il u^unit'^] by piuLLj«> 
dimuii, bvib voLki^ii Mud cru«ii to pktvm whutavwtw una uiLvMl^ii h>r 

vol. I. E 


MOstritoiB A!fD imw, cov^SAttrtMS. 

from uwcber nopriotinl aimI c4>titcaiponrf chnMiiclt, 
(Patrick Gordon's inaiiuscripl i|ui>tn] in ili< iirvo-Obif 
noCtfi^ vuaw aci:o«uit of ibe vlak of Afljin mliiHi now, 
fW thi' la«i time, ctXM forth (He CQcvgic^ of MoiiUocc 
lo KubdiMT th«! kiyaJty of tW Duith. 

" Mliilat Abvyuv yvas on lii» diipmtcii with U>v Ko^ 

aiul tbe Mmrquw of Miniiltmi, iHc Gordoti^, nad BOmi 

Otiicr faaraot) with iluih itiat fB^uurnl Uitr Kiujc* v«R 

forced to loolc to tbenisclrcv<. For the Foritcsciit tbeir 

iM ninnks, hHng ft grrflt an^l nuiTic-roU8 fnimTy of bnn 

wid V4diaot ^atitairii, for tlie loubt purt, with tW 

Hftf^ Kc-ztliA, FrnztTiF, Oidttoit^aixi lli^whok of ike 

norih, bring nil Cort-ii«tilm<» drew tlictn«dvT« to a bnd, 

luiviiiK tlidr mvilrAruwi at Tnrrvffp wlinv llu-rv cfliot 

aumbcn of gi»odl>' gentlemen wdl boned, witli licom* 

petent pour^ of fool. Of tbb preparatioi tbe Gordont 

being udvertincd, re pair to Htiutly, of KOlDe coiled Stntk- 

bo^c, nnd jirtcr comuHntion, bring for the immi ptil 

all ]iuid«d )*i'nttiiiR'n ^r ^|Ua1 qwUity, tbi-y cotdd iiol 

GOiJdewcejid upon a leader. Soniv uuukl bavc hopd the 

MtirqtiTii'* brother, Ltord Adam; btit hi« brvins 

criicked, eltlier llirmijcli floiiie dUremjier^ or nitbi 

tlirougb a inidignnnt tcinjHrrof melnocholic btood.wlikft' 

ran In his reins fr<iin \ih ^rnndTn^tbrr, Duko UamtK 

toiia Jfiui^hK^r.* wuH uol filtiii^ Tor the cb«r;;<;. 

they tnllt uf Lord heyiia, ibe tbini sop of Oiv Man|uii 

but b<r wiL-ij but n rliild nt i^rhaiil, nnd hiid ricft Atlaini 

to UiirU*tn yuuib of u^e, and iLerefore too youu^ fur 

fiddi, and biM ^rniulmotlLcr. tb<-' Latly AlAf^ui^e, n-«i 

lotli to |iHri witit bjni ; yet c'vv it m'u« long bu couJd m 

* LaUy Anno Ibuiiilton, lUhghlrf oi Jkmct KnrI of Airui, uid Ui 
ur rliRb-llHftnll. 



ratraincd, for be secret Jy con veyvd Jiiirtfdrtci tin? 
HigblamU, oimI look t!itf jruidinji of the niiil« Eli^hland- 
<n u|ion him, hhenin^ tbin-by wbnt one thy mi|^lit be 
rxp^ftrH, unci l^on- Hiis fpnrk wuh like to i;row to a 
Ipynl and iirclc-rit lluiiif, 'l'}|i-ii tlwy rrsulvL* tti cbi^Ao 
•omit OTir 4>f the luiroriM Uint wat^ then', ni^d they jiilcbixl 
upon tbc Lttird of B^nfT;* but becaueie be wafi oot of 
tbi? ttnme. ihf'y join to him ihf Liiini i^l' Huildo. Aitd 
favfofv ihry rr>iihl hr rrnii) lo n\ni\-U, tlicru wBh ii liiinf^ 
Wfal^h mightrly troubled ihem» whicb v-^as. In whoae 
|kunc% tuid fiir whom* thr hi-rvici? hhoiild Ih? iliinc* ; nnd 
Ethis btvd some dfbyt till the L^ird of Cainburruw, a 
Jleftrned. ptrie^t. wfae. ami di8creei ]j;entlenmii, told them 
[tbat Ibe tiintlL-r vn\> of no i^rniili icioiriPiiif itiid fniglit 
'Coine ofie d«y in nj^tntLon U-fore hiv Mujosty, as it did 
ijodv^.and therefore his iidvloe ivii?, fbnt there i^hould 
be a bond tlraun up, — tljut tbr ?».jinv wun dvnv, tir^t, in 
|(lB(frncc of bin MnJMty'ft royal prrr*igiitivr» ni\tU Jtrxt, 
I'fbr ibe duly, boiiotir, and servico tbpy ftwe in {}\v bonne 
of Htintly, aijd fur the jidvi^tjeemeut, preset vatiuii, and 
•gmndcar thereof, nguinst ull rhrjrenrmioji. This ndvice 
^Was ftiJIou'ed, the bond drawn np, nnd rvpry tn«n of 
'k[uaJiiy f^t hifl liADil lo il- Then they bef^nn chcArfully 
lo irrnrrh, mcolving lit wt-lc uut tbt-ir ent-itjieH, uUhtmicb 
■tlidr nuiitbcre Were grvalcr than tlnnr own by very fur, 
Tbey wviiM not fliay for their coming, hitt, nmrrhing 
rH night, Ifieyi^umr to TurivfV in tb« uioruinf^ t\vih|fht/' 
I' Tumrff wns ocenpicd by ft covcnnritinganuy of nlwiit 
twrlw btuuli^ horee and foi>t ; btiT thtu night ninrch 

|, ■ J^Btf ^^rrlvn Hi)« :— * After amiu 4lit{jiili.'i1 hiu in q^ml corvlucktd 

irOc^mb, nnnjubctly, bulb uT thiou mI krkuwu vitiiniKV. b(i[ lUiifTtho 
■lull iHhi iw,utd lUiMn fluftpowd Uf ttu plkblv lu 15iuilf '■ L-nuuf U« 




<if tilt? iKinmA. ^^-lu1 tiiuhtrrt-tl mily abmit right hiindrtd, 
took tbcm fio coinpZctrly by Airpnsr, tbat, it may be ttkid. 
le CV^vrnantcrp scampered out as the loynli.'ttu fecani- 

'pered iii* auil tlti^ transient utid aliomt blnodK^tv »uc' 
ccna of the Kind's cause, obUiincd the nppcllaiioD of Uk 
7>a/ of Turrt^ff*. The leiulcrs of tl*e rictorititin party 
--for llipy "'ere fill IruUers, aud called - Uic iKtruoft* 
tr fjrcrUctKr, tiud this purlictiUr crUi«, " the bnroM' 

^^^"'--werv CJuiiiiv (rigbi. Uaddo, Abrrgt-Idy, New- 
ton, Buckie, PatIc. Letterfuri^*. Carnburrow. Ci^, 
liivrrtnarkii*, ntl oT thi^ siiinuiine at Gnrdon, wilJi tb« 
Ogtlvics i>r Bautl Aod CAnioueyk the Ui^uhirU of 
Croniartie and Crombfe. TurlB^p of Fovenine, Udny of 
Uili;y, LtTith uf HurLbiU« Seuiui) of Pitini-Jdcii, Stc, 
With tht*c there wan but one officer of cxperioiicv and 
^trofessioTUi] habile, nninely, Ljcuienjint-O>lonel John* 
«ton, (vifii of Juhiii^toii uf CrJiuuEid, provufii uf Alici< 
deGD,) who led their van. 

After tlieir euceiiitifiil dash at TiirrefT, the biimm of' 
vupied AbtrdtfUi and Of^ilvy ijf JWjff, mid Himtly 

'"bioinvlf, enileavourt'd lu efMnimiiiienle th« hopeful Male 
of til* iiot'Ui, by ler.tei^, to the Kiii^, The fate of tlie^e 
letters we learn from Jlnitlie. " Banff made hagU la 
take all ndvantJi^t't^ i»f hi.s Hfura^-hoiwd-for rietory- 
He rau over the country, i^epoKK^sed Aberdeen, wludi 
was not nnwilJing in he brought back lo their okl 
frieiidht udvei'tieeJ the Kiii^ of }ijh sueti'sn, ami pray 
for suppJy- The ntatf^r tca9 ofcojuitfijucttcf^ 0;-ilvji 
and the Mnrquls's Irttt'r^ wert' intercepted, whei 
In m* Huw tiie apjiearaiice uf Home iiinrt* irniihli 
ivoiu the north," To the ntter amazemtnt uf tlie Co-] 
venanters tTfoitJKc-fveT^, even al thi^ erfriis H»miJimi pei 
(tinted ill neglecting the causte of the Kin^. '* It wj 
thought," says Balllie, " that the mont, if not idl the 



&nt£ for fhintlyV tcrviic; but Goti disappoioted this 
wrry Hamgrroajt tjtl^riliotr, by kot-puij; Uk- nnvy some 
wcvka lutigrr on ihe English coast Uiau was expected, 
ercn till Mttntly wax in hmid^, jmd all hU doEiigns 
bmkcQ." Jliit the Kuccf»« of Hw linrnnK nt TurrcflT, 
ibeir occi)|MtioD of Aberdeen, and tbe Ardour of Aboyn*^, 
opmrd II piHJHjHH'l f>f itrrluiii hul'ii'fm for %\iv r<jyu! cnuaei 
IumI llamdtoci co-opriutcd with i\\f. n»rth ut this lime : 
" Yot if fit ihJK sBme time n considopflblo niipply hnd 
berp Hciil to ItaiiflT, f^^KJ^^}'*] ^'^ ^'^ tt^-vtf^/it tts much 
•Tpr ; Imt Motitrotc at once, witb MariM'h^iL, who be- 
forr tJiii? were nvowedly joined tn nmr fltrl(?^thrK(< two 
jVD^c* r^r/ian/ yoftihs i\\a.\\*t haatv with all the friendh the/ 
ccmld ipitJier/' * 

Thr Trot of TcrrcfT occurred cnrly nn iht* morning 
ofTucMiay i\\v l-M\ uf Muy, and i\\v huroii?f oci'upii-d 
Abi^riltM:!! from the lAih iintiJ Moiuhiy ihc^ 2Uili. [t 
apfHsrs by thr l>oijd wi.- have ipLotod fi-orn thc^ N/jpicr 
papcn. Ibat Moiilroee was still in EdiDburgh on the 
IStli. Tlir yuiiiiff Kurl Miiri^elial htid rurrrbed the uorth 
befonr tbiit, (haviu^ hn^tcnod thilhi-r, with (^oEiit- forcM 
WrM in lb€ Mf-arnN, to save his lands from pillage,) 
uid Iroin bit eUKlLruf UiiiLliotti^r wuh iit^^fuciatiitj^ v^ltb 
tbe kyaliHtji. (through the medium of rhat prudi^nt nud 
peacrfuJ bflron, Koberl Gordon of Stndorb.) nnd keep- 
ing tJit^iii jji play* b(*fortf Moutrotiv arrived* lu vain 
tbe gaUaiit baron* scaUeivd tht- Forhrsc* a»d tItcFra* 
sen, and, iikr n hive driJironnI, krpi hurrying; to jntd 
fw^ and dMputing amoug tbemsi-IV(-«, by the Dee and 
bf Uh Spt'y, jitm- ut tStnithboKJr, and now ul AlK'L-ilrvn. 



»o<«T«osc ASD TiiE irorcvANTEas 

Aboyiu? cumr ooi with ibe liopeil-ror ffuccoare- On thf 
BOtti Uity omrrbnl iViiin AlirnJtx-ti, up die J}vv Uiwor^ 
DurrU, Id aLMrth of Uooaald Fiirqtiluir»04i of MonaJin^ 
wborm xUey oxjinftnl t» meet tbom wkli Uk? Hifr^ibiid- 
tn of SiniUidcL% Hracttur, Stmthamir iiticl (vknlitvL 
TImi night ibey \ny in the fickh, nnd in ilie momin; 
ibcir hojH-H obtafnt'ii n partial ckvntimj, fur, with >lo- 
ndtrie ami hix mcii. ilnrc t-anic tu Ui< m a Wrnlrr in Uie 
perwiu of ** Lcnl Liulovkk Gordon. Ihinlly'a tbinluD, 
whn hflfl bnike nvuy fruni bis ^raiuliiiuthcr at iba Bof 
ofGldjl, nml lia<l for^.-ikcii the fchool &ihI tiih tuior, 
l^apht;; ovtr ttiv walls, so hAzardouHjy, (bat li« ^«iit 
IKV In lirvnk tmc at lun nnrn; ; hi-, J f-ay, in hi^Mbiid 
UalntVi being as yvt a younp boy, had Lbe iiainc of I«dikr 
to tbo»e HijjhlaoilerB." " Mariadi^I. cvrtaJn ei th« i»- 
mcdtatp rr)>[i|a-ratioiL of Montnttf, iitnrrh[-H upon Abrr- 
d^eii, which he otaipW uilhout iirMibUJicif o*i tl» tt*i 
of Mny,flndh[ulllii^^iitiHOic(inncif R-ciiinoitcringaboilof 
di&wntirnt highland hnmiw in full rv'tivat brfure bio. 
Montrose, in the meanwhile* pa«^D)* thcOranpjana 
in biN utfii^t m\mi style, i^nrrrtiJ Ihi* ladcl<M tovntCB 
tht^ iUlli, at the \wail of aliout fonr thoiL^and trm^ 
(the ttowfT of tvbkli w«i-« the ravuJry of Aufpi^ ajid 
Mf'nrns,) and followed hy n train of thjrtt^cn field^jMerH. 
*' lie eirleied thf lown/" Says $paJdJi}>;, " at the Om 
Kirk'finie Port, in order of battle, ^-ith ftouTidiii» of 
tnirnpetH, touhitijir nf ifnirnH, ntid dittplnyed bauiicn 
tli^y went down through the Broad ^te, Uiroti^^F 
Cnxtle-gate, and to thtr Quecro'n Linki march th' 
whoT^ all the nipht they Ktald iiiidf*r nfrniglit iratch^' 
llvw Muriti'use found himself fiajrunudtHl by ii cmincil 
of noltleti, ihr Kurib of Mansdini, Athol, and Kin 


HAtsACiiB or mr. dogs. 


I, 111* Lord* l>nimnion*t, Couper, und Friixcr. iind 
tJ» nin^trnt of F<irh<>4 nniMiri\y ; arid IhiHurmyhniilj^ht 
with It tW uvtiaJ ADd inevitable acL-om|>anifneiits of 
flttEk iK'HUlt'jry exi»djUini» in •mcU iUih"*, — pillng-t', r»p- 
^vminn* and rriK-Ky- MoiilrosL*, however, a» wc sliaJI 
tiNf extrsiffl of bin nrniy, evtn tu a tlf'gnw tli«t firsi 
hrooghl bfai into diKfj^vnur n'ltTi iUc cki-j^ of lIu^ (To- 
Vnunt. Nor dora SpaMinjj, though no friend to ML>n- 
trost, 6i tlip i-jici?wr« iipfifi )]iuj> " Upon tiie itfCtli of 
Hay," he KAy. " bHng !iunday, tbo Enrl of Montrose-, 
DOwrnJl4^ likf^'W Genernl, with ihn rest of tlic noJ>K-s, 
Iw^rd d«m1iun ; fnit the rasi^ul Boldien, in time of hotli 
prtttLitiagw. Mtc aliiL«ing and plundering New Ahci-deeu, 
f4llfully, without n-gnrd to 'rml trr nmn." One ^Iran^e 
ontbrctitc of ihrh rruelty coiisisled in leavirij; not n 
d«p tilWt thnt could he found in Ahrr*!L-m, from the 
hotind to llw liou^nr-do;;^ and from (lio Inxuiiou.^ ^|mi^ 
nhc\ to thu rnr of Jow dt-^roi-. " The rettiron u^nn, when 
the fiml nrtny mine firre, ilk oiptnin, eommnndcr. ser- 
Tanl, and i^olditT, hitd nne bhif ril>bi>n Qboiil h'tn rraig ; 
in dt^sjritc mid ilcrrinioii wlici'(-uf, when th<*y removed 
from Abrfdcen, fcomr nmnen of Abt*rdeen, a* Wfi& al- 
Jrf^etl, knit hloe nbhonn ;ibout itn'h mv^aeuh i-i-iiij^H^ 
vlicrcat Ihir loldicrK took otJVnct, and k'tUcd all tlidr 
4op for tlnw very enuHe.*' 

Oo MoiKhiy ihf "iTth, Monlroi^e buinmoiW a etmm-il 
of vTAr to decline upon tht fHt*^ of the prcJntic lownp. 
TTKiwenlogHtsof IhrfVivennnt, — who rxi-rnite the me- 
mory of that " blm»ly muitberer/' Munlro«e, And dtviti 
It Doli-clirUtian to crlfkifie thi" " <nveet, meek, ItnmMe, 
yH ilronp nnd rvhemrnt Hpint" of a Haillie, a JJirh^oo, 
a IleuderHon, a Rollock, or n Cnij% — reject with H-uru 
the leMtiinotiy of ]li?ihop Gmhfle, wh<^n, in referetiCB 



to thc^e oortberu «xpe(Utioiii, be i^ys of ^foiitnMc. 
" Ui-i icenrriMiM niieid wiu toare vagetF for victory thaii 
execution," and thAt h« resisted tli« ui^^t demBnia 
of iImi mhiiattTb, that ihv tuwm uf Aberdeeii sIkmlH ' 
be f^lveu up to the liorrurs of indUcriiiiiufite plunder 
and cDitllugrniion, But thU nrcouDt u unqu<9tio^ 
lilily rtJrixihEirnlnl by i\w cuuUriiipor&ry ritrticv?^ <■( 
BaiIHc ADd ^p^lcliui;. Ev«-u tljc metric. Bnvcl »piht cf 
BaItJi«* (iiitiUhI tiht:r thr MixkI nitd iuhc4 of the lojml 
iK^rtli ; but MoDtioHtf refu^aed to glut JU The loattcr 
hfld bteu debuted in council, nnd BAiUit.- in^inuate^ that 
Ibe Airldi:?ni uf ilic Cnwunui fell i}(l~ imm their »ta£id* 
ard, in couMquonce of the ili-tinicd humanity of Uoo- , 
troM. " Banff," lie sa)-s, " dissolved hia foroea, Aber- ■ 
deeiL reiLden-d at ona% ulJ wan currinl hvtan! iia. Hut 
crc it v^&s long, our forces likewise dixibnnded, u ir^a 
thought on some inalconteiilment, either at Jion/nWj 
(<Mj f^at ifniiij in jiparii^ t/te entfay's hotttvif, or nmih 
whftt else " And this was Bnillic's constant ctHupl&int 
of Mi>ntro8e whik in arniK fi>r thtr Covcimnl ; 
dhcrcthn uf tlmt ^riieroun and noble youth won 
iCQ greaf — " nil wn* fc^rgivcn to thai uanaivrai dtjf" 
— ** fuola nut io djbantz (li;it country Jtitoj^brr. attd 
nse itoMc Aevt^itij for exumjile anmng tliem ; ihcy hud 
no reason of com plain nig, but fp^atf^ to ctmu/tend tmr 
letidei'jt courtesy" fM 

6i>al<ling> on the other liand. dvrells pitifully o« the 
Mitrrringsd uC bin mttivr pbu<<% HueevHsively the pu^y 
eillar paily. lie caiitjot, iudeeii, bring himwlf to taut 
the loo vietoriouft MoulrLwe, but be senrcely directs 
bitter word nguiast hin\ and evisa alToid^ punitive tcft- 
tjnjony in hk forbearance. The salmon fixhcn^ of the 
Dec- and Uuji had liiivri alUiekeil by llie lu-wlop^s soldjcty, 
fljid robbed of tbcir fah. 'l^h^wu brave Haterineu kiibd 




fttolilier ia defence of tl^dr Kolmuiu and alsa compUincd 
to Moiitrov, " wlio rrunmniuled nne walrb^ night Riid 
4ay, to krvp nud deftud both tlie riveia ut' Dw uiid 
Don from EUt^li ivruiijpt niid opprcf^ioit, dnd tluii Iht^ 
wQtcTi»t:L] wra mode five." Sp^ilcjjiig, iinievd^ with- 
buldK Um; iiirrit bere, for. »ay« lit, " tliir wntrr« jwr- 
uinrd hcritHblf, frjr /Ae w^wr/ /ww-/, lo bnrgc^&^es Cove- 
EuiiiliTs ;" biK Uiin he j^dititls thut tbt< n'Hult uf 
AliNaruM:'* tuuncU of Wiir was, "that thuy took 
from thiT town of AlHTiliHrTi, ten lliounnnd mcrks, to 
tmt^ il froiD plundering," a^td ibal tJie titoiit-y bdirj( 
psid, «ud lb« order upon the iiibjibiuiiU to dclivei- up 
tbeir nrniK cuinpJitH) wtlU, " no ni.lirr ^atuU itor ^ar 
vtrr |>toiider«d out of any oil tbe tawna, ng t/ie Gmriat 
had git^n orti€r9, except omts, and the town's line-" 
TlKrc iH tio ri-'HSuii, howcvt-r^ fur saying th;ti Monlrose'n 
ienkticy was of a nnture that indkatfd at thi?^ time 
any urniii of ftiticerJly Id the eaiise lit- wns Kiipportifig. 
llf- did wltat he cuutd lo rentrain the kiwk-s^iR'KH uf a 
desultory army, by siiltiiiitting them to niusteis and 
rtfvk'H'B upon th« links, and then ordiTJii^ thrm to their 
i|tiMrtcr«* But ao jwreinpiory waa he in diiimantling 
Uir bnslik prtparalion* and ddemvs of the town, nnd 
in diaaniiiJig tb«' intiabiunt8, that wlii^n the Jnim boat 
Unvciicti tli« Old Town of Aberdti-n; coniuiaiiding'thfin, 
on pain nf diULtl), t» deliver up thdr whole arms to the 
Lainl of Craigivvar, " the Old 1 own pitojjJe, In'inhfmg 
for feiir at thi^ nneouth kind of diarjj^e. came aU rnn^ 
Ding with M>fne fi'w tuttHketB atid liajflnUlK. olhors with 
a ru«ty ^woril, othcru with a hedullc«» apcar;" udiI, 
•dtb tbc frame intmitnhltr rhronieler, *' the country 
round about wu patiftilly plundered* tlie irital ^'inieU 
brokm up, eatcD anil i-oitBuinL'd, — nu fowl, t-nt-k or \wn% 
Mx unkilledr TJhtd Monlru^c drcrecd thai, hy dereo 



o'clock of tlir day M\»win^ Ui«t on wliiHi ht Md ibf 
council of Wftr, cite fia« of ten tHoiuanJ niprhtt hUoqU 
.be poJdt uDil4*rpaln af ifie town Mng given »|i to phrn- 
fr. Ttiii* ht- IkiiTi rx&ctird thv fine and tttv^ th« 
town. It app«fir&, \>y the irenstiry occotiDts «lilt «' 
tani 111 Abt'Htvn, ihnt Ihe In^usuri-r jmkl itcoon)tn|^ly, 
to thi! ultrmiofct fnrUiin^, nii<l SpnlilidR liitrrvir xv\b 
t», that, by tho CioQeraL's ordtn, ntilhcr j;wk1ii not 
gearwt'repluniltrt^. Ei-eii tIi*mnon*tninri*of Ahcf- 
dwn indiciitn « twn^c of tin* huni«iiity of it« Coiiqu^rar, 
wbfk tbe f^ply of MoiitruHc fihou's thai b^ wn» us mt* 
m*st in Uie-ir rtLiIijitf^atioii. tltiBii^h iiitt miv -41-^^1% mt Ms 
prt*ent coa'ijutfir*- * Why, sflM the rrj»nrsi-iiUtlivr« 
of ihls |)ers«<:iitri] pince, ' aiv wv Ihtis iiaed 7 Vou rf* 
i^uin^rl iiK tf] NtiljvmlH' Ibi^ t^nimtif, at your iivord> 
pointy and u-e illil so^^wir afFCovctiAntfTS; yel ifeaw 
tilt only Biirglr^ (hnmyliout covenniilinjj Srocland, 
wliicli is iir>l Kiitfrrrd to nhide in ponce, but u ki^ Ea 
cootiniiiil pcrturbaHon and mlMTy.' ' Tnie/ rvplM 
MoiiiiH>Ht*, ■ you i^iitiHtribvil the Covenant* bm yoii hnvc ■ 
brokc-ii fditb, (lud nrr not i^mxl Onviriiantm?, for you I 
bave endcaroiircd to stir up i\w King btmntlf again^l 
the cnnne', mni you bavi- rt'tTivwl and efrUTteinrvl th^fl 
pluiiilennffaiidopfiri'^ii'c barous.and IbiTcfort llie Iowa 
of Alwrilwri if ritiiher to be fnisfed nor believed/ To _ 
which the tiiwri ufAbrnlrrn mmie nnswt-r, thnt. vhtti 
tbey had written or done, w^ta with the best intentioa, 
and as for receiving; tl>e bftrons, they could not 
tbein owti ojuI gnf, no go<Hl by Ihrni. 

Montnwe now thought Jl hi^ time to break '' Ihl 
baron»* rrign." Having piiiii.ihed and kctureil tliif. 
tU*fale<i town, hnl wJthnl sjnir^rl its mhnhilant* nm 
botUeA. he nianhtd out of Aherdtfen on the inorninj! 
the SOtb of MiiV, In order of battle, the inrniitry con 



fint, followed by Montrcuc at th<^ he«U of bis well np- 
P*la(«d «T«Ir}v SjinMing sr\yn tJiry wriv U>n thou* 
il Htrati^. and t^lnvrctl ou tirv iiiajdi l>y lljdr bng- 
trumprtu, and iJniniK, nml tht? rattle of ten bra- 
mi rM-l(l-)»L-cr?i ill ihi'ir rrar " Moiitriwir'N ii)ti?iitiiin." 
my* Jmnwt^ Oufdoti, " wn» to bc'Hjf^ the boitse!^ of the 
KcatWrnm of ihc munc of (iorilcm ; for upon his ap* 
jmnttri' llie buruna wen' di»b^iii(lt'ii, iiiiil every oiil- run 
« MTvnii] wny, mv tbat McmtrciiM; could hunlly U'Ji wlif^re 
ID And an enemy." Tbat night they cnearniwd at 
Udtiy, «iid inurched fruju Iheiu-t- iiii Ibe ruUoutu^ duy 
to Iladdo House, ot Kdlir* brioiipng V> Sir Jcfhti (ior- 
dovi of Haddo, Hut ihr pbin- w^^n^ MonirrMnc rfi'tt-r- 
ntiml to ccwiirieiii-e uptrutii^n^ wus befuit- tht* nintlu of 
Sir (n'org« Gordon of Gi|;bu in wlikb Umt bold bAron, 
Akied by ihr dt^Terniinrd KplHl niid iit'urlJrnl Akill of 
Lirulciimit'Cv lurid JobnMoij. nliuiti be liuiJ alori^ with 
bim, WAH H> well Ibriilic'd ns 1o rejtTi mtid defy t be Slim* 
jlKrtiB of his formid«b]t- jnirpuor- Moiitr<jm.\ un|)ruvidL-ij 
with a bolttrinj; train, fumed bin Ijvld-pit^nH u^f^dtrnt 
lll« c«lMIc» nnd for iwn dwyK nnH nights vniiily essoyt^d 
(41 HIect n breach, when Mtddndy he heard that a fleet, 
btfflrinf^ Aboyoe, uh Lieuteuant uf the North, aiL<l a well 
■ppoiDted nrmy, \vn* Jifuinl in nrrii'e tit At)erdren. 
Nrvrr doitbtbif; that tbe royal Ik'Uleuzkiit wuuid \tt 
DOW at lenAt isokt efficiently supported, imd bin own 
forces being dimiTiisbcd, (neeordinp; tn JInillic's neeoiuU, 
" un MJiinr iiiak'utitrtilriieiil at AluiilruHL^'t tou ^reiit Ic*- 
nily,'') oiir heru, aware of tbe daugvr of a nuficrior forc« 
hiterposed 1»et«-eei* bim nnd the Tnblew, fell buck tip- 
Dci Abi-nleen, wbub be Uffiiin entered, on Munduy ihv 
3d of -Tunci by one of tbosi* rngiid movvnkeiit»^ so cba- 
rocterHtie of fdtt desultory eninpnt^ns. MoriLroh^r main- 
tained his dignity ili u cou'iueror, by Ftiuuiidug k whole 


day j» ibe iQvm of Aber^ieen, whli-h he quitted iliortly 
bc&rr AlMiyne ciUi-rtsl i\tv Ruud. utid tmirchcd homr- 
vrardst in perfi-ct oii^cr, with bh lroop« and artJIcry. 
On tliL' way ho paust^d toj^ u rn;{l]t at Ihi' (/ii'^tlr of Dtin* 
notkT, where he was rccrivcU by tbe Enrl AEniri^t^ 
him8o]f, who. with a few hor»c, hftd proco<Icd Moutroas 

It wnn aUiut ibc Ol]j of JvtJiv Ihut Abuync t'Qtcr^ 
th(' Kond of A(>crd<-i-]t, with two iirmi^ vvswU of siX' 
teen guns each, and & Mi-wntbXk collier. Hv was 
conipftiLied by O^filvy of Bati^, frvSng of Driun, and^, 
otb(<i' ]|]y;ilijkb;, wbii hiid hi-uii lutt^ly cuiii|]i?lk-d u> tcrk 
safi'ty ill flifibu hut now returned with rcncwcii J>opt« 
for the &ucce89 of tlicir canw- 'J'br Earl of Tttiti 
dini^ uIpo )u'L'(nnpujiif.'d tla- yuun^' Vi^n^mit ; uiid, tn th 
great ftnncfyflucv- of tht- Covtnnntcrs imd Ihcir rtv^r* 
chronicler.* with Aboync camf even Gleneali'ii, th 
repreKeiitativi? of ihu uoble&t and purest eov^nnitting 
blood in Sc<?llfiHd, who refustd to recognize the facli 
that I14JW ti>uk the name of the Covi-naiit uf liis fath 
tn vain. And ]a»t, tliou^b nut ]^a&t> there wa» CoLoti 
ff/jrtrf Traitor (tun, one who had become a creature of 
Haniikoii':^) front the |>eriodof tbe MnjTjuij^'s Jur'Korablo 
C&Rkpaigij with that imnianalai]di.'ternalUubtaiUftAd<il- 
phii»i. For st-venil days tbe young lieutenant, Imviii^ 
proclaimed his Commission, abode in his (hip^i in I 
boi>e of br.'inii joined by three (hon^^nnd austili 
which Hamilton had given him Home rcuf^on still U>p. 
pcct- But these eanic not, and Gicncnirn aitd Tul 
bardine, apparently di^liefirtened and ili-~^gn8ted at t 
■upret of aJfairB, took their leave of Abuyne, and d 

* "Olunuuru. whu uuhuppLly nil thu tiuii.- 'jtiljufwiw ihjut hin 
bcftfv (o ^^i* ^neiii|> {>f lliu IwiirCi wf all liiH fruTitiiK, {0' llift MbT 
pTiAnnri-, hftil ducrrfd bin coinpniiT/' — BnilUis 




puivd io tbeir uu u liuiut^a. Tliua was Uiis ymiiiK ^id 
iBcxpeTiciK«<l iiobl^itiaii kft to sunUiia the weighty 
bordfO of thr roy^l cniiKt- in tbc north, irid thai wUh a 
Ina Inutf miliinrypivcoptor at hU sicic ihau thr Covc- 
nvitrrt aiiudu^d to UuiitruSL- on hiu 8lhxjilcJ (^xp^liUoo 
to AbvvdrciL. 

Thrw won naw n mrwl Irnpfirtflnt collision nbont lo 
occtir, ol a very (TJlicAl jx-noU for th<; 4^iitiiry, ^ntl yet 
ibe kaj(l«r« ou both nidea were mere boys, with the cx- 
ft^on fif MutaniitCfWlict binisi'U'M'uj* not nbovi* twrnly- 
ccvrii year# of ^gr. His tlUtingiiisheii ally Mariacbul 
(BftUUe calls iLoin ^^ these two noblt vjOiuiit youihst") 
WIS Monicwlutt yinuijjccr, liL-ing at thit^ tiniu M'nrrrly 
ihrfe-oiMl -twenty. Jumcf^ Gm'dou, speaking of Maris* 
chaJ in tbe year IH40, Moys fhnt " he wa^ not ill disi- 
pcBtrd if left tu hjirihdf, ;jitil al this timo too yoiiitg to 
M« lite d«'j>th of thr«c cour>c!i that he was It-d upuii by 
the witMlom of his oouhiii Ar}^yk-, Ibuiigh irnu'h aguinst 
the likinjj* of hiH iTiuthtrr. Lady Mary Erskine, Countess 
of Mari&clia), who Inbound mnch, but in vain, lo re- 
daioi hiT-on toHK'Kiii|^''h jvirly^" 7'hL-n,iheloynI n»ble- 
man, wbvuv duty was no It^at llian tv ^uatmu the King's 
caiuc> Imd «een but uinetc'eti <4Liinniera ; ntid, an Glen- 
aim and Tnllibardinc Jeft hiiii to bib fate, there eunm 
lo »u|>|*ort thnl iiaridard, lotlering iutln? youlbfiil gnt*^ 
of Aboyne^uhfind Il'hx Ktrndy iind a lieod lens wiMethnLi 
biH own. Young Lor^ Lir^js Gojdon, wbuin wi- huva 
tlnttdy beard of a-^ iTi^ spoilt pet of hi« fzraud mother, a 
boyof Uiirtcni.iir litlk inLiri^ und thr witdt^ht mid nioi^t 
wilful of biN timen. " hantily," tuiys SpaldiJig, " rait^eA 
hb father's gronnd^ friomfH ami follou-er^* men tenanu 
and »(-rv;tntA, wh*> niovt K^^^^y ^i^fl wiltiu^ty came with 
fain, oixl, li|v>Ti Friday thi- 7th of Jncie* inaidied in 
brare ord«r, about a thonsnrul in«'n on horsv and foot. 



weUarnted, brnvf men.nrUh captaina^coiniaatiid^n.t] 
lomicrs-lnimpi-U. ilrunis,jihii ImffjiiptM, and to Ab 
cfitiietli«y,toiD«ct the Lord Aboyni^^haviji^aJsoiii 
ruriip^iTiy foor firU-pk-(i'* (if brusM, which they brtmghl 
with iJjitm cult cif Strailibcigitr/' II U mjt uiiltkclf , tlial 
thedeparturoof TullibanJincandGlirncAirD, totheirou-D 
horm-H ill iJiis ti]Tie,wa« oot-a^ioii^l hy drHiciiHl at tht^ (art, 
tfjnt while Hmniltrni j>r»ivt«J in w^thhuZiHug nl J efficient 
jasiMaDC« from the royji] causc^ no^ t<^fl urith tlM »lTf|h 
lin^.-n of Hunt]/, others Jolii»l tii^ii^ who ndihur ;iiiili-^ 
HirviigtJi tior crrflit lo Uic caumc Wiib Lord L«vjb 
CAnie '* J^tTnes (trout, r won of the family of Cnrroo,<ia 
Hpv)' Hi(Je^ wilh solium twt*iUy of Jii» fotlowtirv. Thiat gm- 
tlfmnn had Ixvn nn Ljutl;iw irvcr^] ycum before^ djkhi 
a private nrrount, whlrh ^ia, ibnt h\a nvphew, Jobn 
Gntiit (if Ojrt'oii, }iiit\ het^v kiihil fty :i near pi-ighhoiit^H 
John Grikut of llalnadqllflih, wlnk-h%lmigbtvl- wasBCtj^H 
ftented by JuirK-r* (Irnnt. that, lo proset^nlt* Uw rvvcngv 
tbrxwf, liti wilfully tunnel ouilnw, and hod br<^-*i pri- 
soner in ]i<3inbuigh Cn«le not Kmg before, nnd had 
rnuile Iith esm[R' tfieniv ; bill bt'ing wt'lJ deMvitdetl. md 
euLwin ta Ilunlly on biH mother^ ndt-, be w-ih {imttfcted 
in the country, nnd at thin litn^r ownrd by Aboyof 
nlthoii^b the Coveiiiiiiters took oLcasjou thriiee to 
Ouee AbovHe Aad thnt ptiily fi»r tokbig *uth omocuiI 
by the hand. Tboy (fot grmler |;roaiid to npcjtic 
Abfljym-'s tiikiiij^ luidi^r luh pi-utectiun vue Jnbn Mm 
Gre^or.ft Ilt-nnn^^h niAn born, kiic^wn by the Iri^h uicl 
Dame of John DowgeJiri\ and n notorionn rohtn-r; y< 
wiiA bn mid hlK follciwem, oboul twenty-four armn 
thieves and cut-tbroals tAlceninto tbe|H]ity' l^cad*! 
ditioTi of nil lheM\ ns it iroiktiibuted liltL* Ui the ttervice, 
HO it ^avi.' ^iX'fit oern^iion to thi? Corcnaoti-rA to upliruid 
AboyQe.wlio, b?iiij* young AJiil incxperieiKied,waHp*r- 



mHuJtrU ttH-rvto by mkIj ua viiht^r looked not (o his hu- 
DQUr, or wilfully Mrove to oifroiit him ; and tlit- witt 
atiJ mcttt 0ol)or nf lii« rrici^flH wtrrt' very 111 sntiHfiL'd 
tbrrwitlj. tod fto mudi tlce railier Ihal these two ban- 
dits, though both of t\wui wert^ willrng Iti sorvc Alioyne, 
yrt thry cnuld not sgree togetJier, !nit wlk-reviT tbcy 
nitt tliey were like to fall to blows with their conipa- 
nic^ uid cnuld Imrilly be kept n^tuidt^r. — tbi? reason 
vlif^yof wnn, htrcullt^<^ Jujiie^ Gi'ant bad kilk^l une Pa- 
trick MacOrv^or, brother to the Lntrd of MacOtvgor, 
vtui kad uiKlcTlukvti, by wurrmit frojn the Privy-CouQ* 
cUi to kill or ntnkc JnnKi Ginnt. Tbis ^Jniigbtur was 
M tuucb Qfsc:tlcd by tbe Clan Grt^^r, nn^ordiu^ to the 
Uigbbud funtit an Carrun'H nl»AjgbttT wns iv»riiti-d by 

S^jdiwnsihf' position of Jbrroynlcnnscwben Aboyne. 
ftixl Tniilur Gun, imiixbtd u^'uinnt MoiitroMs early iu 
Ihu mouth of June 1639, 

rvpenl tlir wiM Liif^ Luwm, Tur ?^|fal']fn)f nDrruEeidf htm, llinT, In (li* 
bflf^nniii|[ cf tba ywr 1641," L^wi* tkc^nbn, bving ivitV hih faihpr ilio 
l^vd MwquUof lliiitily at Wn^^on. (*|juu*uido allv:s«cl mltcuJiivuCiutat 
UA bu fidbsJ*!! corapmly, l)ut [whFurul, li^h kuuivlvilffu, 4Jid lo lii:< trrtvc 
gvM Binf ifitplruiiFf 1 fnr hU ^lil -hjh. nnnixl^ nh>l Linhnpjiij}^, von* 
njwl iirinktrlj' uwAjr wiTh )i(ni hib fiitlii-r'vhiLkll JuwuL* In^Di? ^JitfiM^hU 
ail^W*nft of * ft^mt ircrrtb, nml bi liitUhiml jptiM hi^ h'jiviaic hit ftithi-r 
■Htvvlnl Akf his tvmj mt*cmmaj[«; whilL. ninoufftl tht tvhI iif bu 


bad Boi grtal vmrv nt wc>1i)i ly^'^i; 1>^«i<]if btin Jvr Dij^iniujiiuicc uf hl> 
MihW mcik lit thtC linHt," H'f wM lii«f of ihb ^li^l ipriK BfC^tn, mi hi* 

ymwmrjtm-^, irjinn-rB rtr^mt,— ^- "^t W«llvr ^tf.otl, Pnl f rl fnrif riiicii la 


Itfon vi(b Lmd l.ffvitgdf 

Y'-u'H i;i-t f elf 01 til I'rr^ fouimft i 
If ^u vifh MMiU'ti*^ fiTt 




It was about the latter end of Ma)\ aikd wfalk 
tro8P wns retreating aoulhwarda from H« auccewM 
i!utiiji^Lign, lliELt Iht- KiTi}£ |ntc'hi.>il tit» I'tiiiiji in tlu* tun^- 
bourbood of Berwuk, fioni n^lionce lie rvconnoil«v4 
ibrmigli his pi^ospoct -glass, the covcimnung onny <«• 
camjjed at Duusc Law. Attliough HujtitUoii. to use 
Baillii^'s expressions, had " eschewed aJl occ.i»ioii of 
begiiiuiiig th<^ wur, Jiiiij did nut trmihk n mail on rh< 
shore with a shot." aud Akhougb bis forces w^re un- 
diiiaiiiiahed by any assistance aftordi'd to Abuyii<f, iiol 
QUly did be still persuade the Kii}^' of hiH euiLjttnnqrv 
roui-agt-, and warlike pur^ioses, but ac-tiinlly rnadi^Acle* 
niniid fur inort.* troups &t ^ erit^JB wbeji tbey could b« 
least spared from llie royal anny. Thi* la proved by 
a letter, dati'd from iho cJimp, nnir Bt^rvvirlc, 2ii Jtii 
t6S9i iu wbidi biiiMj^eKty vayn to llamilton, — '*«v(j 
one that J dare consult wilh abuui thia, prote4t>fi 
ugaiziTit t}ie diminishing iif um- i»:m from ruy army ^ 
beside*, 1 have no miod to *tay hen; upon n men 66* 
fLiisivf, which I must do if I Kind yon thai Ktrengtii 
yim nK^iUoii," — aud after referriEiF^ to asGurunce be had 
obtftimHl of certain Siolit uobleA returning to loyalty^ 
he odds — bul rk'arly in n httuin whose ppiril and ex- 
pi-e«Moaa were derived fixini Ifaniilton him»elf,— *, 
" wberpfore now I set you lootte, lo do wbat ini»vhii 

hahu.tok's liosTiLrrJi^^F fiT:l 

jou ram du a|iQti tlii; rvbelH> fur my service, with ihtwc 
tti«n y*}\i bavc, for you cttnnot have one mnn from 
b«nce.*^ The story whirb Hinhop KunuH n'Inlce, m (he 
ifiuut^iute L'^Jiufequeiicu of the ubove teLler frmii the 
King, if it Ijl* a fnct, pUcc'tt HainfUon in the imi.'^t riilU 
nJou8 aiiil i'onU-iuptiblc pnint of virw. *' Thi.' Mar* 
qui*.*' uys BumeE. " no sooner got thia, but he prc- 
tcDtly A-//^«tir^, rvBulving iititht-rio s|»are Hurrough- 
utonriK^**, uhich wus bis owti toxvri, nor PrustoupunH, 
tvbicb was his Gou»in'», But n nirmigt' acciiknt befd 
IAb tbe uext day. for as ho weut oui jii a Bm&ll ves- 
id, with ■ dnke uu bvr, aud Ht\iy ^uldi^rpc, to view the 
Qiwynufcrry, nnil hiirii ihr shi|K thnt Iny in the bar- 
bouri bf- naw u iiit^iTbaiU bat qui' voJLjiii|r tJuWij tuwanJ8 
hlni, and l»r rutttted row up io her ; but ftb<^. perceiving 
her ilnngrr, run hcrKclf u^^nnind \\\n>\\ thr sands of 
Bambuugle ■ Uiu tidu falling a|)nct\ and \\v loilouiii^ 
her iiiddibemtvly* run bim^^lf lik(wl»i' on ground, 
wborc lie wum likr tu b,iv(.' been very <|uJckly UvUvw by 
the iii«ji ou tbv fibore, u'ho were plnyiiig upon bioj, and 
PUnr vollk's [uisHt-d u^iorj botli hutidh. HiU they on 
Um IftDd weri; mailing till tbc ^uter sJnmki t'niJ, reck- 
ooiDfi; faiiD Iheir prey □Irt'Rdy, ivhieh hnd bt^D inevt^ 
table, had not i\\v seainun got out» 0zid> beiii); ubnuat 
^ the middle iti »aCer, with ^rtut tii^'^fiiig sf,'t Ibrm 
itfoau and «o Ar n'irtrafti mjr to Ihtt Jhtt i nnd this 
wim all ibe ^^und for that calumny of Mxa niakiu>; uji- 
poiDlmeiils on the ftuiid^ of Barnbougk n'itb tlte Ct^vo- 

* Jksfcop OHtlin*', Ki l«uiC nil gtv)i\ mi niitfionlj JU BUTinp Bum*!, 
h^ AfrMOffy dill*, — " >4r WilFiAm (.'imninflhun nf ilr«imhf|l an* tool 
iAaad Iq him (lliuiiijiua^> uiU altvr liii nrtiim rlic uuii iii^hij Che 
||M|lik MOM •ahvr* (■>' IkvI I*> iIiv Unkn iif Dnmliguuidl nX mitiin^i, 
vb«* nry Lord L'?u4ou mvi hlni, (tnrl LncI two homv eonlorvnc* wllb 
I isd aftoviJil* Siu LBT(lnU4' rvlumui! v> Lta Aliipji* ocd LftadOB to 
ihail hM Kla " 




\ir. AKDTllE COYENAlf 


Hrrr Itiimrt would prrnimiU* nn, hy n mwt impro- 
bable slory, which uu uub cuuLtmporJiry chronider re- 
cords, fltid loully unsupported hy proof, thjit thb 
Tiiighty ndmirul, who Jirul pliiiim^d thi- pi-i->^<nt iviviiKioa 
ofScot[jui<l b}^ fii'n n^d Und, now>At the clcvrath hour, 
hcitrlily *' ^t-t it.* uork" tor ittf il<^ruclb», and vnncii 
nucb tcrnitt with ibv CoveiiauUm. ibul whiJc he wu 
KncnkJng nfl<-r Ibcir «hijM nt QucctiKfcrry, lh<^ wt-rr 
rcudy to cffa^t liie dvp^triictioi>, or makm " liim their 
prey" if they could only have pouiiord ujjou Iiioi itick- 
Ib£ ill ibe Hiimh ol^ BariiEiini^Ui. (hirvuihin* howrvrr, 
ipenlE«of " the MnnjuUot nniiiiltoqs»rr^A/>Q"f/^fc«i'* 
fit'ijcf, Vfith hisflc*! mid fori|-*oldlers before Leiih, w'^iU^ 
out any show of huMtility, or any care tiikeii to dniw 
frictidx iiTid followers* topcthtT tor the K'mg'A service; 
and we iiitd nu orighuil dot'iiiiioiit, in the Nnpier charts 
chtffitt whieh flflTords a euiimig eoiifknuatiou uf thin t^li* 
mate of the Munjtijs'H xe\i\ in the cbuno of hix mftflcTi^H 
While Monlroee was cverrutining the north ivlth ih^^ 
aimsoftbe Covenant, bis frit'od Lord Napii-r, admille^^ 
to its public but nut it^ secret euii[ieil>^. uppeiiri to bn^H 
Iwvn 3ikx:uu» tobiin^ matters t^ au ^uiiLeubU;eojiclu>^ion 
with thcKin|(. ItMiiited, on the ulherhnnd, the ultimate 
de8]j^ip^ of the nu'veinent party, tliat jteaeeful ovetliir^e 
iibould be now teiulered to Hainiltoii. to be laid bvfa^^ 
ChnHoi ; find they wen' p:ilitie in Keleeting, lis ibdr 
prtDcipnl or|>an on (be occanion to which we rvfer, a 
nobleniau wlio liad lon^ boon eliarjtef prized m one " fnt 
of partlulity ov tixiy fuetioun liuninur/' • Preciw'J)'j?rt' 

* 8uu boforis p> 39. If ujjpvMix from uuu cf " Jmii dv MubV Lrt- 
lon (tco tvfuro.p. ISf^,) tlurv-l lOIh April ie^. dial Iba hcXioo liut dd- 
dhwouitri], but lan-UFri^AMrully, bi olsliiin Lorrt Xupii^ iw ihrir nri^n f»r 

thv liubops t^" My t'Onl Nupki-r ivn> [lit mnn i]f5t^ii«d fiH the prtKim 


flAkllLTO^'s ^EIGIlDOUItiT rtSBT- 


d^^ ^fare tliat mi whith, according to Dunitt'e story, 

Djimllton bad imiHy beeu " w^e their pray*' he was, 

tftpTerttivbosBt upon the " rjci^tilioiirly" Axitiit^ u(mJ iiii- 

FdcfMaDJiofr, with tbc crkV4?niinting fnction, which iKc 

JUlowiug ititttnitrtioiis iiulicnie. 

ItuarmcHcrtrJhr ihi Lord Nftper tirid l^rd iff Darle. 
nU. May Ifi^d. 

** Plean your Lordsiliips go aboard the Admiral of 

tbe King** Majesty'* H^vi. lying hi the lload of L^lth, 

lo thr Nohli- [Airily the Maniuis at Hamillori^ hi* Mu* 

I Jwty'a Coinmifceioiivrt hi* iiracct and represent u»to hia 

I Grace the particulars following: 

fc^" I. TIrat vrv huiubly desii^ hifi Grai-'e to gu in jnt- 

HSo lo IWK'ick, to the Kings M;ije>;ty, to iiirdiate 

P>ome ACcomnioilAtion, nml prrveiiliim nf iheeo evHa 

likdjr to emue upoii these uuhtudly wars, whkh being 

once br^n, {nt. ihcy lire too far ndvnnecd,) will not so 

ftoon be «|uieU^l, 

P *' ^, To retiLomtrnte, that it ia moal proper to hJK 

t Grare to UK-diaie i*i thi* iitatUrr, ln>ih iis n prime prhtcc 

m AU UrndtWhij khuuld he Kenjiihh'. of ihc da/t^frs 

ttfttUtMrd to kh tititwif country, aijd ns one who, in the 

nmvgii^ 4iil the bu^nvbs, huUj hert^torure repre-*arnt,{<it 

lut Jklaji^y by cocuiuitiJori, with warr^int to fi«ttJ^ th« 


wfan^ AndiiafC Ife* Mate rno hoi, n* ur mulLr^iraiiil, l»i hia 
bOAti *im willing lo uad«rgu thHi i.tiHrKi}» iliwy clmu^u-l ihislr 

■anvl, I racui th4«e l]kr» ffmniJcQ^ nf our nnUajk. who ure ibought (a 
dM pRndp*] rultf ul h^ Mi^ivrj''* canns who, witlkciiil oITluk'^i \Kt 



"^. 'i'liat U\^ Grfico would go in person ta tii«Kiu^ 
M^e&ty. and uUviiil tb« ewui of ibi& treaty. bcnuM 
our rendition niny not AiJmtt ttiAt dday of aiiAwer. or 
conclusion, wliidk this di^danco of hiH Gmcc from hit , 
Majesty will produce in the frequent coDEUltAtJoof^ mty 
uei'ur. ^M 

" 4. That biK Gmer would Iw pltMs^i^d to Mcdldt th^^ 
tli>K treaty writ* rx]>od4- with all convt-tjiciil cxpoditacf, 
and tliat iluriTtg tltlr* treaty, all aels of hoatUity tnajr 
be disc'liaip^d both by sva ttnd land. ubicb already liadi 
htH'X\ tcKt fri'ffiii'nt, find ihni free jui?<Kng<i' mny be pvr- J 
niittHi al tita lu the int'^jitiiiit?- 

" 5. That hist Majesty would be g^raliutialy plc^tKd to 
api^iint his (rrmr, with sueh nitiern as hist Mnjesty sb«.li 
notoiDate, to meet at any fitting pluie with our uubdity ' 
as fhall be seul by us fi>r treating upoo the means ttf ■ 
an^tmmodatitm, with uiieh hnsic na mir cvtntc re- 
quirclh " fSigiiiHi) "Daln^eriiio,Forrc8ter,Scott«tArritt, 
'i*bo NfdiulNoiie, A- HuinillOTi, Hubert Drummond, A^ 
Gibnmic Durie, Wni. Diek, prei^t [pruvcut] uf Kriin- 
burgh, Ku'hnrd MiucweU for Edinburgh, T, Durkaiue, 
D114 Cunynghame-"* 

ThiLi it is very manifest that, notwilh«taii<Utig 
preteuL-« whieh at thin vi^ry tiinv fUintltun was HtJU 
keeping up, for the purpose of deceiving hi« Sovervi^. 
— numtO}', thnt, IjIh inrlinalimiE niid plnns were of the 
most hostile atid w;irlike natuve agairiht Sv^nlbuid, — a.TLd 
nctwIthHtuuding the xs\e» of bis eubgist Burnet* by 
whidi he would fni^inuat,c; that Hamilton now sought 
the dcatructhm of thi^ Scotch faction, whili? tht^y wrrc 
inoHt unxiouM to make him tlifir prvy> the Covcnajtiera 
knew better, ttnd eoitp>[<lered and luldre&Jied the Adintni 

OriifinftL ^J^vr duLrUir^hwC 



of Ihjii wiglibouHy ficel, not Bs th^ir enemy, but as 
Ube^ be»t fririirl utid iii(<tlmtiir witfi tht- King. Tim 
docttmmt wc hnw qnotcd, when conirasted with nnmil- 
lou*s correspondence with tin* Kiii^. an rciiirii] iji tht.' 
Utrdirkke coUfctiun, and in Burnct'f! iVfcrmvirtt uf hh 
hon^, in Miifictcnt of it;clf to prove that the fnvourite 
wwa artiug not merely a vaeillatici^, bnl a dt^eepUve and 
traitorous part, hidvcd whtn we <ilteiid. ehruKoIogi- 
calJy,to(!K.'cvi-nt''erowded within the space of aboiii six 
months, atui wbkb were Umsive of Uie fate of lb« 
Kin^f, ft !• itnpOMftiblt* to doubt that he was bi'trayed 
by biK evil gminn HnrntlioTi, 

In hj& letter tif CLjir le^. iljileU S7tb November 16J8, 
Hainllton Hpeokv of BcutUnd as a rebeliionv nation, a 
tniiiemhic? nmntry, n people having other ttimights rhmi 
ntigion, which they itnvd as ji r]u:ik tu rebeihon. Then 
fw by? down the plan of a must elfirtivt: invflsion, to 
rtducc tbiji pctiptt; In dutiful obedLciLCi% to imtjite them, 
tc make tbrm miserable, and he sugj:;est& the Mnnjuifl 
of llunlly to \yc hi« MnJo8ty'b litutoiiniit in the north* 
Cbadra |mtv himself tiitirdy into tbc bundss of the 
fiivourite, Hantly if appointed, the invn^ion prorecda^ 
im), by the llret of May, Hamlltonanchoriifin the Firlb, 
uhI the King i* with the nrniy on h\n way to Bt-rwick. 
B*il, at ihr winic instant, Hnnily U taken pmnnrr — n 
iDortalblow to tbt* royal ciiuife, unil uue nhidi tJannltou 
aiauredly conld bnve prevented. Ilamiltoik witbbolda 
allmceottn from Aboync, though thni yoving noblrrnan 
waot in person to obtjiin ibem, uiiii ^nuiiife^Uy ouf^ht 
U> bftTe bixii supported with a vigour and activity in 
pei^iorlion to the loss en^tained by the captivity ofhiN 
fall*er. Between thf 8ih and the ^f)th of May, Charles 
urilrK vuriouH IcttL^rx to Haiiiilton. evinting ibi- utmost 
desire that Aboync should obtain tliv aid Uv demanded. 



Anil tliut the lt>yal!j<u should bv vigorously suppoi 
In tlic* nnnh. V\ttm Ihi' I7th of May, the Kfngwril 
&cm TCewcaAtlp to IlAmilloii, shoxi£i^j^ hmtteU tQclJiiTd 
tu n triraly, tint stHlJnj-, at i*n' hmith.* time, l}uit if tlw 
robc-ln ** innrch ilown lu rjidcl nn* with si grvjtt strmj^, 
En tliat case yoti Are to foil on them immedimtcdy* and. 
Ill my upiuSoii. tt» far up in tlie Firtli um you think pro- 
bably niny du jTfKxl, thi^rvby in mflku n dh'<'rsii>ri." Tlie 
nbck mnrvbrd to the honlcrs, ot; lii§ Majt^ty baiJ aiil 
cipittt*d, liut Hmiiiltuu ntirrt-d uuL. i<xci*pt u[Km 
mcDiorftbk ocemtion when (if Burn^ h to be b^He' 
the Adnilrni in person wm^ iirnHy cnpturcH whiJe 
^lijiffJikea&lraiidL'ilwbalejjjtUetiaoiJs. Vi-I, uti tlM^Hth 
cf May, Charlt-Hhiimcrirhad trmnniittcd to ffamillo&a 
pnprr miitninjng tlio nuHt iicrarjiU^ iiiid minute sIsEia* 
Lioal dtrlaib,* with a pinn of opcrAtJotis which, if adnpt- 
ed, u-ould have wreatod ihe north, and thf destiny 
the King, put of the handii of the Cuvtrtunter'^- U|i 
the 29lh of Mny, Hamilton wrht^ earnestly to ti 
Kkii^, thfkt 8inee ''the rebels^' bml obeyi'tl Uie royni 
pruvkn lull till not to approach v^ithiii ten milt^ of tJie 
Icngtior, nnd his Majesty being tbrrcby secure, which, 
lie says, wiw the Kotv object nf treating, therefore, ''^l 
conceive it will now be tinie lo spt'ak o/Ai*r fangU0g^" 
l-hnn liitluTla hath U^^n duue, atid they tu he rnjoi 
R total ^hcdUnce to your ju^t comnianiU." n^mil 
adds a doelarftiimi iif hia extreme lui willingness *' to be 
emplt^yed in titaly with thii^ ptopW* and his " nrerr^e- 
ncss of further treaty/' \ This Ittter ih not to bv fi»u 

■ TLiv \m\titr ijf iiittiuL-ijoui drbwn Up by Mr 1'Loiub Hamilton. 
UrluUnl by llurntt in Lin- MmI"**!" nl tUiriillou, |a. Itft^ II wD Ubt 
plan by lUAiiA of wliii'h *'div ^Imk, ftotDWvLV^ i^nvoi 0* umrfi.^ ?i1 
«c^ir nuiaUr (rf'ScoUodilH 

^ FnnUio, TTT. 


iiiriK-l, wliosays^hnwever^thjil "on the 39tfi May 
><<td Abuyne cunit^ lo lI^iNiiUun witU tJiv fdlnwing 
Lfiur truin th(? Kiii^f" — iIil- vtry KttcT. tiumi'Iy, eutrcat- 
iBg bini lo"iLp]iul4ln]yi)artyiit1lu-iu>rtl^" whkliHnmil- 
tOQ wafidctcrmiDtfd not to do. Two day& afterwAriUtthe 
UtA day of Muy] is Oil* duK' of tlxe paj>er of iriBtruFttitnH 
to Lord Xapirr wbiclj wt; have quoli^ above. On the 
2d of Jiinc <^hArJc» writ<^ (in n strain ohtviously called 
forth by HnmiJlon'e own corrwpoiulenco) — "Where* 
fore now 1 let you loose to do what mischief you can 
npoti ihv rvMs Utc my mTvici-/" On the 4tfi tif June, 
ooJy two days af^erwardfir Henry Vane writes lo 
HajnUtOD-*-" His Majesty dotli vote chetrly itee, and 
w fiiUy xalinliiHl in \m own judgmi.-iit, tlint what piiK- 
Bcd in the gallery bi'twixt bi» Majesty, your Lurd- 
aliip, and niyscIT, baih been bnt too much verifiL^d on 
thin ocnuuiMJ ; and, tljeruforci bin M^ijcrvty wr>uid jiot 
ktTe you to Wgia u-ilb chem, but lo settle thjitgs wJtb 
you In a safe and good po^turi', nud ijourift'fj' to comr 
itM^ in perstm. to e^^usiill what counstU ;irr fil to U* 
Ulii'D, p«UiL' alTairs now bi>bl>" IJeaf ns tbc f;ivonritc 
bad b^Ttk to warlike iristruction-f, tfimigb nrisini^ out of 
hi* own policy and suggestions, be iiistnutly obeyed ibix 
iipmnona, wblrb il ih nut et uil iiupmbable bad Itcrtt 
il»0 naiEgntcd by biinvrlf to Vane. But let n% htnr hin 
a|iolo^!it> '* How great tbe Mnrqnls bi^ fturprUe and 
ItoMe wan. wbeu h*f rec«jved tbih. rujjma br vn^Wy 
«aprc«»cd, tliouj^b it was but wbat lie afwai/ti li/oketi 
/hr; and Ut'on- Hit- Kiiij; left VVbiu-linlJ, he told him 
Ui Ui« gallery, aouv but Sir Henry Vniie bvjn^' prvM-nt, 
Ibflt few of the English wmihl engage tii mi uflViinive 
war witlj ScotEaud. However, he wan tuo wfU tnttgftt 
in ttbtiiicuct to question or delay it after such ponitiw 
Ofden, and, /Aw^/iir*', could neither givir a satiisfiactory 

answer lu the Earl of Airly, — who «t that time wrok 
to him, prL*a8]D]]f liini lo come to tlic nortli in nil hasttt 
otbvru'itt? llic Kiti^V }mriy ih^-re wuuli] be pr miui tly 
ovrrruii, — nor (o my Lonl AI>i>ynt-">! JcUcr, who dcsifvd 
frvfth «u|ijiUoe ofrntJi aud mcmies, Uiougli tbo reftnfaig 
oi' boUi o£ tLese wa^ aft<-r tUul alleged a^att him.* 
Yet tilt' IrsI, bring dated the 4tli of Jtinr, ro^ hin on 
liiK way Ui tlie King, and tit other could be no eoongr^ 
at bim, being of the 36th of May, atid iu tlie iwHtKripM 
exciJAcis miide tlmt it wm» of an r>1d Hnt4' for wiint of a 
Knrc bcjitvr ; bot^ ihosu are y<.-t cxt^Dt. But luwl oi 
ull it ajJiwora liyw grouudleaa ilmt great and cryitij 
accui^alion wos, (wbkhrUH it injjdr up tici Nmnll pnrl 
hiti charge to be laeutiooed lu JU proper place, bt> wM 
it ill ilie moutJis of vvtry pei-soii.) that he beixnyvd W* 
AI^i^Hly'ti uLTvice in the Kntli/" 

Mr Ilaliajn. Juhisconstiliitioual Ifistory of EDgUnd, 
obnprvw*. iliul " thL' [jAcltic-allon, as it was termed, «l 

* Thu Bi?mct xrnnM lodiniute tbal Ihi; Morqu&i,, o^uio*! hi* fwVt 
mrlikr Inrllriiitliini. wn* (niniil Ui iorr-nit all Cfvopnalinii with Ow ^OfA^M 
ittKtnihottcct}i,inu\ IwUkr liiriiHclf uiiw-iIliiiKlyl«aU«»t7at Ih* KilJ^l| 
GOOiiuaPLlE lUti iW lllbLop ilMADOtvoDluro \o pitol (hsM Wnvi froa 
Atrly Hud Abu^uc, The wUtilu kJhit upiJimn l<j Law biwa n japcb 
bcnvci'n nuuillnn iinil Vnnvs wlxi vprv ti1n>'inf{ bio tlm hunH^ nf chd 
l^vufuuitcn, HIr I'blUi) \\'arwick, rcfcrriiv to thr irtat;^ of lk*iiridw 
ihui •p(«1u of Vwiv ^" And fur mU<!iiji| Mr Ht^nrj' Vwhti, ^i^inUil^ 
iuti *^'rr|Ary, hu m nio%t f1^l^p1>^ in*lTiin)'^l', fir ihmijjjh hit hamlk aU 
Uiv IriJliiijr iEik']li^uii<.'i.« \<'ljii:li IlitiEilIcuii fioil fftyisit tu uiiieih- Il]i> ftoufi 
botli <if bjh uM'ii BUiL tlii^ Sfnii^ [4ru(jvbLJLti|:ii. liutJ ]»uiBiicl. nnd tlitvp ■H' 
wonwlikb (Ljo Kiri^^ wruTi^ jigt wiih liUoivu bund puwc*! Viuu'^ vbo* 
UihI knnw\iivm« an unllriary pi-iinmii, !mr Iiir. Uitu-rft atUl hodvimennaifc 
uf thr Kine'ii, iti^t in tbi< fLiELini- fhirf niij^hr nc^r hi- lUtmnii'il- FmiA 
wliwli. lliuikk wi'ru jfivtfU lir lbiiiilZl<jn Jur ib^jtv tv* vlix'*, \ry *i'hk.-)> h* 
tul brt>iitEl>t tli^< ^^^^ ''^^v " ■wmiii^ nvctwty uf iliik pnoUiiJiIuK]/' 
p. liO, TliD li^nvr iVom Vftuu i/> HiLiiiilron, ivijuidn^ tbu Uttor >o (oD)* 
icj |]ii< irfuly nf B<<rwi(.'kt luh priiitBd in FouiUiu, bu no pu»CKfl|ib 
Bumct prinu ti viiiJi 4 >.hnri po >t wri ]a from Cliiu'luK, acknovUtlgilV 
and approving the c4iDi«iiE& 



BfTwirk, ill Uic Humirn'r »f lfi.S9> Imsbeen reiirt-HmiW 
by fiicveraJ bnloriaiie a« at measure cqufiUy rumour nnil 
■SBCCOuntublo. Thjiitku'UKriiiiiuiis,tlm(]R,tli]il.iL formed 
ODe Sink in iUc chuhi thai drn^{^ llic King iu i\vb\t)XC- 
tiou, is inosnt cviilvDt ; but it na^ both inevitnhlr^ unil 
cMiy of e&|>liiLntioii/' And ouereaaun cf ite ntx-cseitf 
otfEcrcd l>y thb ftblc writer ix, that " the Scutg wi*rc eu- 
tbmiastlc, ii««rly UDAnimou£.aDO entire masters of ihdr 
cumilr)'/' TliL' ralue uf cove rmii ting cuthusiatiiii and 
flnaDJOiity, ai a nAtionai chnracleriMie. and priiicijde of 
ImJoiii wc liJtrr nirendy hnd occasion to eonsiden Thut 
the Cofetnttitir/g Jactrtm wtrv niiw i^iitirt.' masters of 
iWir country, and tlmi, again to uhc the wurds of Mr 
Hallain, — *" the tfrms of Charles's rreniy with his re- 
fDllvd subjeela were unbatisfuctury and iiJd(!fimLi<, enor- 
nMMW ID coiwe»Mioij, and yvi nflbrclbig a preti^xt for new 
encroMfaii»Dtit," are i'mnX truths involving' r nation's 
tvi*ftry awl disgrace, fur which Ilamilti^ii i& dt!e]>Jy r«* 
■|M>n*i1)le, who at Ihis time so mrnnly betrayed \i\» too 
confKtiiif^ ninbter. And now thf* erliits wji^oi hand, wlu'Ti 
U«mtri>^c» awakening to a seuai; of th<; iiionunhy in 
danger* und becoininif ffrmimdly confirmed in the coii- 
vktkiD Ibat LhRrk« ^-M» betriiyetl by thosir he trusted, 
pstised in ihedehisiveexcitemeotof coveiinnlin^pntrio- 
UKUipWliiJeliia beurlyeiuned lu tdl hisHtiven-i^'ii ol' "Ibti 
Krptat in hi* bottom/' Mcanwhiltwe must follow Mod- 
tRwr through liisin^^t eovenanting iHumphIn the north* 

II vrai upon Friday tiic Uth of June lt>£l9. that 
Aboyoe, drspniring of the promised sssistnncv frtiin 
HaniiUoci, and not ici the secret of the traiisao* 
tion« w'c have nulieed, eoinineneed hin mareh from 
Abenleeti towards Aiigux, Hin hojit wa*;, with the aid 
of the gallant 0}<ilvies, at JeaKt to create auch a divi 


«ioi] itK w<juld drair off no inconeldorable portion of titc 
CovTTiflntitig nrmy npposc^l (o th^ Klnf; on the BonJ*T»- fl 
The lhi'«" vtsicjs wtjii-'l] coiniMijicd the tlrct of A1m>)iic ' 
vi'L-rc orilrrcd T« -sail ufong the eooM, nnd Attend tfac 
motioH* <*f Ihfl IwyHJitiU. Tho braas fiohl'f>ieci>s, and 
lUOBt of the animtiintioD ibat bad bt-t-ii obUiiutMl frois ■ 
Hiiniiltuu, WLTt' M'lit oii h^Hird thi'^c vi.-K!H^Ta by ColonH 
<jui]. Tti4; prrli-xt wux thu diHicuhy of carrjiigr ; tile 
result waji, th.ii tho wind Abiftcd, the ve&&irlb turned M4- 
ujinK " "or did they ever Mretbcm nj^fliu to thin hour, 
«o thut cnnuoii. and Ammunition, ftnd the thn?i-»hi(isa]J 
vaniflhrd tiigvthi'r,"'* Spnrwly was fho march con- 
ni«^i]i-ed, whvn lliu inti/ZIi^'UK'tf ruii'hed thtm that Mon- 
troKc hud figcniu collected biji forceiL, and was nlrrtily 
nrn'vrd ni Stfni('hnv*-ri mi hh wmy In mrrt thrin, Aboync 
riiviirdiiL^^ly L'ticaiuiKil thntnightal Muchullfi, the i>Jai'V 
of Sir Thoiim-^ li»n>tfi of Leys, and sent on n p;irty of 
horHp within little nmiv Uiun a tnilc of th<^ eminy'« 
(jnAiter, to watch the- motions of MontroBc, ^ho, aJoDg 
with Marischulj wits atron^ly dttrtnchi-d herurf Dunut* 
Irnwjth (lUrut i-ji^lit huiidrL-il f'u<ituiid hnrNPr tu-o hri^ 
demi-cflnnon,nnd soinr ticliUpiccc?, brought out ofMari- 
schids ntrDiighold, thu i^alea of which wltl' o|N.-fi to 
receive them on a rtUtut. Monlrimt and his party kfpl 
tht'm»L'lvf& closely mid qiii^^ly within tliHr worhs nl 
St{>nclinvi-ii all night, uttlioul attemptju^ tu moltwt 
Aboynes cavalry, whkh rctiunrd to ihe main body 
before snnrise. EoHy on thr ninrnirig of Saturday. 
Ihr loyalists niarched foi-ward iu ihi' diiL'ctiim of the 
church of F«tten.-s»o, till wilhhi a mile of Stonchav«^f 
when Colonel Onn, into wIhjw lianth Aboynv bnd placed 
t\w. cmnniand of hie ariijy. gave orders to turn viX the 
high road, to the Mi liaud, upon a hculh or moor, wher* 


* JftDU* OonLoa'B H& 



hf 6n'.v lliriti u|i iii bntilp nrmy. Tlit- van, c(immntu\od 
1^ Sir Jobn GoHod of Iladdo. ivas cojnjtLKiL-il uf 
fl VDluttt»'r rorjiH (jf u ]itniftre<l ^L-iitleinen, niiriLF<«icn(, 
" wiipo for their colinirs <urricd u liuudkercliief ii]Mjn b 
lUK* ;" next cnnip a rcgimcni of imisketecis, citizene 
of AlMrnlecn, aWil four JiiiniJivd titroiij^ ; in llit- ri'nr 
i/nre tia* Hi^liUutlvr^, ;mil tlie cavaliy wt^rcr r]ij(|H;MMJ 
on ihr rtnnk*. M(>titr«nr, art'nn? that Stonehaven was 
uol t^nntWc, liitd rnnrk' ari'jin^vmcitU to rr^tR^al into the 
«troDgh<jl<l of Buiiottcr : but, it h ^md, in ordc'r to gulii 
timn to n*iiit'a!-ct? his troujie, he imw sent t*) AhoyiH' " n 
iHti^r b)' way of compUmenting clialli^ngt," wbiih had 
llic tifecl of drawing tJiJir ynuii^MoMcrTinnstiT] iicurertu 
SldnHuivrtit upotj n riBiii^^roLiJEJ iNiIkdlhe A1i*nf^ri-'ltilJ, 
vbrrtfbijitroojif; wercagnin dr^tivn up inordcrof baltWi 
but compkitly ctpofiod to thu fin* of Montroso's nrtlU 
Irr)'. " Wbolher," adds Smwva Ouriiun. " t^uch a lelL«- 
vrrrv vvcr ncnt or not, 1 <r<m]d iii?v^r lourn, only thi« 
tnucli 1 Am Mire of* tbnt Aboyiir-^ whi-n hU |Nirty had 
giol orxlvr lu march towanis StouL-bavfii, caine liiitiHt^If, 
ftod told ihat Moninist- liud Hi-nt theiti a k-ttLT, whith 
\k tujd wry chocrfiiliy, und dyblrvd nil to Liki; couruge.^* 
Tbe iut«ntioii of Aboyiic was to march dii'ectly to the 
rHh'f of l\w Kinjr* without lurniiifj aside to en^a^ 
MiiDtixwc and Muriscbiil. but be was ov^^^n^ied by 
bi* milllAiy ninKtcrf iipiui wljom tJie tbilowiitg srvrrc 
iVBiarkH utYur hi tlic tijauui^cript of Patrick Gurdou 
of Cliiiiy-* 

** Hut Gun, wbn wa& ittnv iH-guti to pluy bis jiraiiks, 
find* titia cotirac (of mflrcbing southwards) coo safe and 
fftir for a g^>od auco'ss, and resolvv-jf inoet bandy rather 
to lofi« tlK" v»timdtiou i>i i\ )(ood kadt-r llian to put it 

* ihN b«(^rOi |h Vtt. 



It to 


in practice. Aud lliU did not a Jittic confirm thv jea- 
lousy of the wiwr port, thai he had been schooled before 
lie canie llttn : f^t ^tiien he canic near StotiifkarcD, b« 
lGa\'c« tlie wny ho vhoiiJd have mnrch<d, and tnost idly, 
ignoranUyr or ralher. In plain terms, tr^aflti^ratitl}', (for 
h« never coiild f^lve a reasuii for it but that he did h to 
harden th^nt to ttf canrfOH'proofl) he dmw« them nil Mfi 
in battle, npon the side of a JJltJe hilt thnt lookn iowAi 
the town, from ^vhence he was uot able to da tlHriii 
IcAPt hjtrm in tht* world ^vllhont great orilnnnco, 
was sure to receive It ; for ho expo&ed tbeui alt, butil 
ht»rse and foot, to the mercy of the 4vtDuon. »o ibrtl if 
Uiry iMoiLtroHE- uiid Mrirhc^bnl) hiitl btM^n wrlI-Kl/>rvdof 
^ood cannon, they had broken and defeated tlurmalU 
with the devouring fury of tin* cannon ouly, without 
th^' hirre (»!' int'n or nrms. Hut it whh their go'id fortune, 
ab God wonUI have it, the enemy had but two carfottes, 
and, throiiKb wnnt of skilHn their cannoneer, ^mcbalfa 
mut ovc-r theiti a f^reat way, mxtiG fell vhort, iiiiil h\i%M 
ono lighted nmon^t them, whereby somr irorc hurtf 
anil some slain, but not ukAuy. When li^ h^jd given 
the cijeiny tbifi ailvmit^gi^ jmd the day van near iqwnbH 
to no other purpDse, ih*' lligbljtnders, of whom tbrrv 
was more i]\\in a (lioiiHatid* seeing the leader exi>06i; 
them wiitingiy and wiiliugly to the danger, and thai 
In snch a |jof^ture nji their own vidour luid riniraga 
B«rveU tbem to no use. without [Kw^ibility to revmgt 
the injuries of tlieir enemies, but there must they aUmtl 
as §hee|> brou^lit torth to the slaughttr, or as :i tnark 
tn lihout nU they t>t-gan first to mutiny and desire liberty 
to depart This motion pleased him (Gun) well, being 
only l\ii\i he htm^ht tor, to have those forces we;Lkened, 
biriiJK ashamed to have the charge of an army from 
whieh great inattern might be hoped for, since 


Kim 07 9T0HEtlAVBH. 


tcixli^ uuUiitiir lt-^!l thniL UutaiivutiCL-iiiciiluf tUc Kiltg'A 
cum. Wbcxvu|>oii thijt disconU^lmcnl of tbe Iligh- 
loiKlcrSi be lakes occjision to jter^uade my Lord of 
Aboync to di»ulvc all ihc fwtt. urid with n camp vo- 
IboI of hofvctiifn he promlKc* to do great mnttc^rs, itnd 
for tb«t end adviM« hjni tu retuni to AbL-rd(M?ij. The 
young uemI iiicxpcrjciiced uoblemaii believes him yvX to 
be BO rcnJ, lluii witliout the ndvkr of the council of wnr, 
he Uctvs^d aU the foot to ilirpnrt hoine» luid witli the 
Lone returns to Aberdei^u. And jiqw Guu, liuviug 
acted ihr li*vt »wn>' uf hir^ tn-atbery, he eould Tiot hf»|M' 
hui that tluj trnomy, tcdn^ so fair mi adv^iitu^t? ulli-rt^d, 
would be ttxrv lo lake the oteusion, as indeed lh«y diil." 
The nrcfiuiit in Jmnt-n IfDrdun'^ munu^rnpt is fiuh- 
stantJaUy th<- same, though it varies iosonie parti;;ulara. 
IIe9uy3,ttiAtafi<.-r alittlo ^klrtniahiug.iiivi'hichAbuyne'H 
cavnJry wc-rv drivcit hai'k. Montrose sent u few cnxmtm 
btUlets among AI>oynr'« brigades, which so alarmed the 
lli^jlanders that thi:y uhrolrd aliunl and Hod in cdu- 
fui^ioii. tior ever iiHjkcd behind them, (although Ahoyiie 
himself made every exertion to rally the fugitives) until 
they readied n muraaH nboal half a i^iiledistaitt.* Thiin 

* Tbc HiifhlBinlufti U iH'fniiiH wisw toUiLty uii|)rvjwrb[| fur the ntr&- 
■fdiOBTT dTvd »f a " dmr ^nivi\y% ntunj) " TJivy Imil i]t]mhi.T DUnD 
W k. ao le« ciprMriVDiM wi; Icrirn from liuilllci who ihui uhorUy niv 
iifitm ck« nliaiw i'V>.-ub^ in hi* (^fkrr^pimiU'nm wiJa MjtnrifC- " So imnii 
■■ HonmH* kwl liir^ir^ l;niiip«'Ar<l4 l-k fhf Mi^m^nr oiu-i.' AUityiw rjod 
BdaIT* wkrli t.''j[uim-1 1'ua» ■uti xjiuc* uUiue uJIilvjk i^ulliurvl /ri^L fon'viL, 
Aht*i|g>n jg^iwil bvarlJl^ lu (liu iwrty. Tlivy -iiinJiKl MwiBrlml'i lojhtv, 
aod all €nir fiioiuW ibcn. Tbcy luui dcrciarvJ Duuilce iind ul] Anj^iu 
telb IhroM of their bopo- But nt imut- M^nbinur anil Mairi>4'h4l. r^f' 

■■■rti tutirtor in ni\rvfrr€. Th»f ornic in *i.i-k il(i*ir> (MonlTrt*o unil 
UafUti^t j Hnotc- jcrvfll anlnnntv ttu tmrl^liiLli iiii>vi\i cmr ^mriy Ui 
kaU«ff, uhvii ibvy wvrw onmuiif im lioi^in^ Ei> Iibiu tlvnn ilrkvt ii«l Io' 
Affir HifhlwHlan aviiwi.«l ihuj cuulil out abide Ihc muthct*$ mv(her,mtid 
i* AM in troop* at thn ftraC vaLEojT'** 


ample, nnd Ihe iodi^RiIon felt by I^^ troops Ht the 
mODiwr 111 wliifli they wf re ex|mni.'d hy Gnu, nitt»cl tbu 
vhok' of ihr roya\ in^auiry to tnutiriy «nd miirch hAck 
to AboMlovih Jtnt fl party of )mr»« n-malht'il fimi, 
(llioii^h played upon by Montrotte's two formidable 
enimmi). iiitiT nui'^WH] ihi^ n^lreuf, io tliAt McjTitrou^ wnj 
not uwnn- of the fiilJiiig (iway of thai forc<^ npfKisixl to 
hftn. In ibv Tncniiwhile Abo^'ne dJBj>atched two of 
Ma oflicers to AberdeL-ti, wlio ordon-d druma to l>e brut 
thriiuy;h ibi: to^vih nuiiimuiiit)^ tlicM; flrnrrtci^ hutiuitly 
to ivtiirn lo tbrir TJTnudnrd iiiulrr thr jKiini; of livo&oii. 
No Boojii'r, liiivvever, wfth tliiH proclft^jmtioii jhHuedi lltatn 
Aboyiic tiiii&elf fniL-rtd tlie town, on Saturday mghi, 
hnvmg brrn Irft wilh Nmrricly tniopM KUffirirnt to 
j^Liord hi» pt-i6on. On tb^ uioniio;; of tlie I5tb of 
June. tbL' rt^ywl Jiiiiteniinl ua* at ihe Ij^^wd of fbnr 
thonH^nd Umt mid horst^, " n% gnWimi mid n-^oliilo nnil 
wdl-appoIiitiHl mi-n,'^ snys James Ciordon, " as were to 
befoiind in Seoiliitid ;" Jirtddiiw In tin- fuce of un enemy 
not above ei^ht liutidred Htrb»iig- On tfauinorning of 
the liyiK br wns bark in Aberdeen with no more than 
BIX Iinnilrcd boi'fu.*, cumjiosxil of iho gallant tfurdonA, 
who Mill rallied rotitjd liiiii, iuireatiiig Mm. however, 
Hi he viihu'il tilt' royjil rniisr^ lo liavc ngtbiiig tnore to 
do with traitor O'm/j. No one feu^ems to Imve iinputol 
tbis diiinMer. <wbich acquired tlie uniue of the Haiti of 
ilitttnvhttwit^) to till* iiiiM-umJiiel of Aboyne, but inirh 
^filx:i Ih^ disgust at \i\t militjiiy silvi»i'r, that the rvysi 
frljtndEtrd could not now command am tigle foot re^nient. 
Yt?t. iifilbrr<*4Hjld lhi:yi>uj]g Visinmnt bL-iH-nujiiJi'd tJint 
tbrdiHtLngui&h^d vt-tcranwhoin theMnrcjUis of IlAniilloa 
bad dt]«lr{.'d bim to rt-ly u|>on, OTid who, like bib pairoii, 
WAa full of »^torieti \A the imtiiorlal Giistnvuv;, intended 
Treuebery, or de»ierveil to Ih* igiiominjoiisly di« miased 
a« Alwyne was entre^ilt^d to do* 



MotitrcHT^ with tbi' prompt i-ncrgy UJwliii'!» hi* owt'd 
kin future auccvbtcs, insIfLnllyilctorminc^ to inarch once 
iwwe upon Ab(rr<k<eir, nttd wIil'II wilhiii six niJii^K of 
Uiat drVEiiUHl lowii, nil udvunctHl paviy of hin i-;ivalry 
tncouDtc-rrfl nti cqiml nitmhiT of the (fordf>iiH, whurri 
Aboyiie liiul clihpiitchcd to wntch the muttons of the 
Co^'rDarUcm. BcJii|^ only seven on rnch Me^ then? wa& 
ccmclbiriif knightly airJ rmnuiilie in thin cncountirr, 
in which ihv Gurdott:^ were viclui's, for ai'ler several 
wounds (fiven and rccolvod, Montrose's wevcn horaf men 
wcfr dt"fe*ilttj, und the liiiiU of Fuwrie Futhmn^hanie 
n»ad« priKortr hy Gordon of FcchilK and O^ilvy of 
Powrit', yoiinp^r, vfnniuJi'<] nnti inUi-n hy NntljQniel 
Gordou, bt^t AuU brAve»>l of Iciyikliatg, the future ^uiii- 
panion* and fellow martyr.of Monirtoe. Abojnie'a j>ar- 
1y vnx* led upon iWn in.-vnsntu hy lh(< g^lhuit CoTuncI 
JohubtOR, who u'n* most anxious to hnve returned to 
tfar cbur^vf with the wlmJe chivalry of the Oonloiis, 
wbicb he |M^niiM.-d wunld utterly rout the rinnbinml 
forces of Moniro^'^ nm) Mnrisclml, Thr^ vcsnli of hlfl 
i(|>iHud raunciU, »nd of IiIh crh8tifhite ilefenire of the 
brklgv of Dee, dl rendered abortive by truitor Gun, 
wc mniwC <lo Iwttrr thun prt-sent tn <utr readers in the 
ptfcifle words of tbo maauKript uccoiiitlb kft by Palnek 
and Jajnea Gordon. 

** llirn nrow," suys I'utrii-k Otjnhm, " n nc\v occaaiou 
of Jcalouty toward* G»n ; for my Lord (Abuyne) hod 
comnianded Johnston to inkt some borftemen with hirtt> 
and g<j forth l« view the meniyT which he did very 
exactly, aud. when be returned, nef^uivf my Lord thut 
if lie vrould give him out nn hundred hor^. and tifty 
coaiiDaiiided ij I UN keepers, h« wuh auiv to ^ive th^niviu-h 
a (NMBari jfodiu jii!t)ioidd brin^ thejR nil toeonfiiflion.aud 
if be urere well »eeomled with the re«t of the horsemen. 



it m]>Eljt Imply gaia thi^^ip n» uUiiv virtury ; ycft, 
ibc wi^rst should comc« which could not come cucpt 
the heriveni)' iiroridcncc hnd tlrcrccd il, ho was siwe bjr 
0(xrs ^rac(< tu make « wile rtftrcat, — IW at Uiut time 
they lay nt the Cnsvicuuuitb, cnrclcfli and ctt niDdom,^ 
ihflt tiK'y couhl la-vi'v hnvv a fitter nml rairtrf t^cruivii 
And truly this wub not bv imputed to their Icat 
MoiilroHc, who wim hoth raliaiit mid vigilnnt, and 
tn Bctionr and had given out his orders very oaret'alt] 
but they, for thi? rnoBt part, haviu^ never bad vxpei 
vxux {d' tjiiirtifdAtnilii^n?^p uiiil the umlcr-ufHrera bHn^^ 
ufured thai Aboyne's forcf^ were dissolved, kejft ueithvc, 
Vttl4^'h nor ward according to IhoJr orders- Th« Vii 
C-'ouiit WAS very wiUioK lo tiiUmry JohuHton ac-oordii 
to his di^-ipaiLdSi. yet wotild not iwcm to ^li^ht Gtutso 
much JL3 not to hnvc his npproh^n^n to it. Wherefore, 
hti went hiriiwir to hiH iud^^tuf;, wboiu hi^ found nlrriidy 
ill bed, as one that little cnred how the hiuinraa w«iit. 
to whoiti ]w iiitparlL'd Johhstmru offer, hut found htm 
«o uveme frotu ;iiiy audi ctiterptixr, tiittt he nvowixl, if 
they would not hr rulcl by hitn, nor follow hiaadvicet, 
ho would quit his chaise, and relnm to bla Majcfty, 
leaviuf,' thein to bear Ibeir owu burden and blamr. This 
young and hopefid Visiccuinl* ht-'ing yet under twenty, 
and this being the harvest or first frulbt whereby Im 
was to give a proof of Ilia lov« aud loyalty to his Ma- 
jesty's serviee, wouhl not din-elly o|ij*(H<e o innn of mdi 
known eKperieucv^ to the no small griuf of tnuuy thai 
were there." 

Wc nlinll now follnu- the niamiKiT]|vl of .Innicja Gotv 
duiii, which is fniier ih^ju Clunj^'s in the accouuLof Moii 
troaien forcing the imHs^igc of the Oi>e. 

''Tho party th^it went oiit uiwn Monday u1 night, 
brought buck word to Aberd<^en, thai Iklontrwe wh 



■iftrching do«t at their} bcek. \V]iL*reu[>oa, a littJe 

rfon* fun ridnf, June 18th, drui:i!i beat. tnim]>ct» 

lund to liurM*. urjil IIjl- At>ejiJi.-i'riKnH'h wi<n- iiim- 

itAixJrd tonrm. Stirh SiniiblMJgy fool, <3^ h^d nut dia* 

lOdMl wilh the rv*^U vr<*rH- ordrred to miu'rh iariUntl}'' 

■nift tbe bridge of Dee. two miktt di»tant south- 

from Aberdeen, to inake k^imI the pn-w ot' the 

\g^ UtI tbt.' rtitt ftbouid i-ouu' up, TJu'^i.- f'ui]t<d not 

do aft they wf r^ rommAndod, rastiit^ turfs and earth, 

miicb Alt Ibe Bborttii?^ uf tlju thm- woidd iieraiitt 

itnd tbe gntv of the bndgi> which ^tnrtdK upon the 

laih ^-i**! ihercnf. Thi>* was to «oinc pnrjiosc, for 

kbajuc bnd not immbvrH tci fl^'ht Mojitruhi-, aijd iH^niikti 

lat, llw raiuii bnd HU^tfllcd tb« rivcrr Dec ko thnt it 

not br cfoKfird by brirscn. Iimnrdinli'l)' nftcr 

rnl 3LUvb Iioi'senK'Li U6 Aboyne had, who L'dj^ie itpuii 

»e tpur to tlie bridge of Dt-^e* but tl>ey were no ttoouvT 

mmm there than they c»uld i-i(py Aio^itro«c> fvin^cs 

Ekih the bi^h ground bc)^ond thr^ brid^'(.\ at a i|unr1cr 
He of d]!>ta]i(.'i' ; whu ^tviit;; Abuv iw's puriy iKiw^L'HSLfl 
tlie bricl^, tnudr n ^l;l]Ld, uijd Itred ihcir twii jiit^ctTx 
Lf half cMinon upon Aboynr's c(ivj;lry« \rhjdi fdl hliort 
of tJie ro4rt^tij4K<t rank- Thoy b4jd gui du?4L- to tJiL' 
hrjdgr, out of curiosity tu get a fuJler fight of the 
biniiy, ihercforr tlicy wirrc (^onunaudcd to rvlirc to 
Mcr ftrouud. TJieir retnrat gnvc tho coi-iriy a fuller 
^cir uf tbem, u'tio th^rcuiiou dlsc-bor^d nt them about 
■iilim KbiH of lidd-pieti^N bt'^idea Ibi-ir two half riiti- 
tiDii, but n-itbout any hurt done. By tliix time thv 
|Mjerde«ii txxnpiknles, about four cnJonr^, n-i-re come up 
to tlie ItriUfCL-. mtd the IjoiTtenieii dft-w under cuver. 
Bdore crer lUvy could Approach. iMoiitnue cjniHed di^- 
ebarge Home rannon t^hot amon^fit then^ tmt uilhout 
eRiict, Olid how a.0011 their coMjjr»au<]ed party tout up 
vuL- I. i 



tlicir post upon thf* long brJd^ of wvcn archcf^ tbc 

ajptmrd tlic rnvc-liiif of thr briil|Ctf, mid to Ml OD Wilh 
[lafltf!!^ <if ct'ftiiruuTidf^t mu8ki'UH'i>. The AbvrdccQUMU 
st4)od to it ipiUanily. aixi) oil ibat day contrnucd ^ntig 
Ttrr, Julin«l4>i), thoii' tou'ii^TEum, stiU UAHUtiiij^ and irn- 
coiiin^iiif^ tlu-ni, itur ]m>l tliry nny man thxt day, tare 
oii«» Jobik Forbes, a burf^ese of Abordoen. And &ov 
iht'ir wonita imd iwrvjitiU vrete beconati so ecnirax^ 
ous, tlinl •ftiT two or tiirw btigrn mtvicc thry. mitirt- 
^rdfn]^oa»uoDand musket shot, wont ftud rame IoiIjc 
bridp< witli proviHifiiiH ftiiU uectHhuriw for tlii-tr frimiU 
And rcbtionx wbo i^'crc upon service^ In ibc af^cruooa 
tliB! tcHnpRnic* of Uundco, emulous of tlie Abrrrfnii 
rittzpii^, dt-±Lii-ed lo [jl^ letlvii (;U}uwnl to) iitoriJi tkt 
lwidj{p, whidi MontroAc r«idily yiddcd ta. Tiro com- 
pflTtt*'* fell on nndcr the comtnnnd of one Captain Honor, 
but tbtfiy found »o hot a wdconw from tbt- Atwrdeew- 
mcn tliQt Ihi^y made a quirk rctn^at, wbicli trui •ntmilel 
wjtii wboopini^ and hollQwm|;of sncb as wcrvlooklt^ 
on, who mocked ibdr poor bravado. Tbe service coi^ 
tiiiu«d till lb<- night cnmr, both txdt* being wcaiy 
rather tlinti it fallJiLgdark, for tliere it noi^y-Hct Ibca 
ill the north of ScoUaud So bo^j xidea juteruiiUt^ ti)J 
tlict morning cif thi? nt-nt day, Jiinv. IdUi, and tlin^ lA 
tb^ forenoon they bognnafee«lt Montrose, ivbothovigbt 
such a delay little belter than t6 be beaten, caused drav 
biH tu'Dhfdfeiimion within n<?an-r dbitanee to tbcbnd|p 
JD the night tjmv> And by help of the coining day light* 
did cauae level them against the port of the brldjce of 
Dee, hiilh to bri-iik the gnte^ of tht- jKirt, nnd Mxnirtiie 
bridge fdl along ; for tbi> day before, most of cl>e cannon 
«hot were made u^iiiuat one of (he coraera of thc^ port* 
which l4.ioked to the Mnith-weat, whereby one of tlie 


battls of the bb'DOe: ov tttifi. 991 

fmnll vntcb tuirvt^ upon ilie Mdos of the port, wim 
mocli -ihaUvrt-d hi (he tii^t <if it, Iw^in^ oil hewn 6toD^ 
M mtl tbol bridgu im, otir of the griljniiten m 8cuilniid« 
if not thr ^lolHii'^l llsi-ir 

"But the ilefeiictjiitH could not Ibuti be driven to 
IttTf il, rJbt'it die rAiiiion Hbot had brukra the j^nus of 
liir port, and tcourril the way of thr }>ri(tf^T nU lUong. 
Abofne'fl hortt^wtn liLi^wiire di-«w near to w^^onJ t!ic 
6ut, vrbich Moiilri^s** eijiyin^. made u feint with ii pMrt 
uf hb tioncEiHn. causing ihvm a^c upvrardit nlong the 
lile of tbc rircr, as If they rnoflnt lo havp crossed H 
near Bntiebuj-y. Coluiiet Gun, who tould e^I»y no oc- 
ak«H>n brforc to draw off the horsiemcn, cric-Tt. ' march 
■p the river's sid*> »ml st^p Aloniroar'a crossing-' It 
vai lold Uiui there wm no duu^c^n tli^ fonln (luving beun 
lately tried and found imp^-UAafili-. But 110 a^suniuce 
roiild ft-ff-ix* hi^ nink who wmild not holiuve tJi^Jt which 
be kutw to be true. Therefore, fiwwArd* up the river 
be gov*, ami nnw hia hDriL-nim lirlng in full view of 
tb» oootny'^ conuon, and a nv^ar dihtniJov% the (-oveimnt- 
vfii began again to let Hy sonu- «hol at theiu. It wtu 
whh one of ibeHj.* that a gallant ^ntkinan, Jo}in Heton 
pf Pitmrddnt, wnp i^hot deiul, imivt purt of hi'« hoily 
abovff theunldltrbein^efirTiod away and qiiashi^l. Thii 
Mlovbli; U|ioa Gud'h miKuI retreul, dJaconntgL-tl thu 
caiwtry ft litllc, li'ho bc^uu to inpcftk out that CoionH 
(inn wnlietmyingiheiQ. Tbix taiHfor1«n« wig follow- 
od by inotiier. Muiilro«e's party gre\4' utill nmrv and 
moft Impatient. Lftuitn^nt-Coloik^l Jobu Mtddleton, 
nfUprwartU btltrr kimwu* <.-ried out fbut tluHr ivinnon 
mxiid make Uica) all arrant poltroons, aince all their 
coofideure was Ed iheir eaniion-sbot at n dEntanct.'. Vet 
nobody dtintt let on, being »ijinewluit d)»coLU'age<) by 
alopgbtcr of Ofic Captain Andrew llain«ny, brotbet 


to Uit> Luinl of Bnlnjiiiti. £i gc-utlefiwii (>f Muiilrow'j) 
party, whom one John tiortloo of Iiich-f^iomock, » 
Strollibu^^no mim, hm\ k'tUvd th^- diiy bcffin^ wlih n iiurk- 
«f1 sbvt, out uf iiiUi^'iiation tint they ban) kilM John 
Forb**, n biirgrw of Abrrciwo. For thi* oiii**-, Mid- 
illrton re§E>]v4^^ to storm hiinK-lf ; but, nliJtxt hv w>i 
makiMifi nrndy. u part uf one of Ibe lurrtla of the bridgv, 
i*arJ by ibi- port, licing >lruck <kini by a c^iuioo (Jiiri, 
orcrtbrr^v JohiiMori, who tOtun^ a\] tbv irliilc tth^rvtlie 
grcfite^t dnn^r was, and betcg hdf buried i» tbc niin^ 
it M) quiitfbt-(l one of hJK II^ tti |iit*ceH, tJmt be ruiiitj iw 
lon^T^r ^tfinil. JobustoD w^Kinittfinily cArriol off; but 
bih dr|Mirfiiri* diflcoiiritgcd the (IcfrnibmiA 9:0 ibninhort' 
ly after, ami l>cfore the t-nt-my pui-feued, iheir Cuj^uid 
being loKt, aod tbc hnnc retired tbey could not trii 
whilbrr, tUi'V forsook the bridge of ibcir own iwvcinl, 
and ItffL it eiripiy, every one lakJafT a *uudry way. 

'* Ttie Tirw* of Jolirt^tijn** burl bring hnnij^ to 
Ci>Jon<!] G»n, wbo vrafi but ridduD up the rivrr«i()<fi 
liuL«. his oeit order that lj« K^ve was this — ' Oemlf- 
ttierit' *MyH be, "make you for thr town, Llcute-naiii- 
Colonrl JohuMon t8 killed, and tijf bridge h won;' bal 
his words |;ot slender obedience. Therefore Aboync> 
and tin* nst witb hbii. roibMitV forStrrttblo^-ii?. leav^ 
Aberdeen lo sbift for itseJf. WbiUi tbcy were Uiinktn^ 
of a rotreau \\^i|lFani Gonlon of Arradiinlc, a rmnlntc 
geutJetiiaii, duHired L^donel Gun to stand and wait upoo 
tbc Covtnnntcrs' forc-pnrly crcnT^iuji tie brJdpr, auJ 
Bhowe<l tbat as yet tlu'y )inil Mir .-idvuiituj;!-. Me tuM 
iiui it was not the fa»bJoii of Htuitly^n fmnily to Ictvt 
tbc field without figlitiog the enemy ; tmi ihi-n? was m 
iK'arin^, for it wit^ (run's fuhbion aJwayti to cry out 
tliat, if ihey wovild not obey hie or<Itrw, be wonJd 1^ 
down bi» riiurjfL^ and eofn|>laiii ti> Ibe^ King, Thi* 

began to tell A1>oyno tbnt (jun hnd bL-lrnyod him, niit^ 
ArfMloulv in b great cbufe, told him to hiH face that Ijt- 
ir»i rillatD, nnd nn nrnmt traitor, fill which ('oluncl 
Gnu stwallowod [{uivlJy. Hnlf-nii-boiir nfti^r tht- fool 
bad left Ihu bridge-, the Cuvtuaulvrs* ("ore-pnrty eiui-rt-d 
th« port, nnd mArchcd nlongst it> hivping their jottrzivy 
Ifiwarda Aberdeen, iur it Wdb lain in tbts aftcnioiuj, 
without oflVriug to purauv any of Aboyne's party, wbo 
httd got litnc to rclirt--*' * 


Thus was AbfrdotfD oiict- mort in the powf r of (bu 
yet cnvrtiaiitiii^ Montrost', In Iht.* nt*xt i^htipd-r wc 
will b«ve iJccAtiiou to adv<*rt to an assi^rlioii of Ilobtrt 
Kaillie'H, thai Moiitrt^ni', bet-uUHe lie had uul [\\.-eu up- 
^litt^d in |>lni-c uf Li-slii? tu the cnmiiiaiiEL of th« cove- 
imiitio^ army at tbo bordtTs, was doing hh utmost lit 
tfaiA wry liiiif t« niiu tlii? CovciiiuKtrs, »iid wonld ar- 
tunlly have p\ai:*:d thtr wholv of the Din tb in the hands 
of the Kiiii:. npon the pn-^icnt orcn^for, hnd bi' nnt brcn 
prt-virtiU-il by tbi? " hoiie-ity uiid tounijrt" of >JiiriHcbal. 
Such Aran 13ailiic'* tbt^ory of Muntrusc'^ motivcn and 
actions, when tbc vpln-n of the revmn^nd partiwin bnd 
Iwc-u fetirred by thf^^ubb^qtteut trailer vfoiu' bero. Wu 
at ih* tune, Bailik- ixiiresscs iht highest adatiratlon of 
&lotitr<i^r> and miidi-inu^ iii^thiii^ but hh It^nity — "At 
ouoe Montrose and Mnri»chal> most ta/oro«js ami 
itappif nMemest, i^w ihi'in ?^omir other matter to 
do." *' MaotTDftU iujd MurJMrhaU kno\wi]^ U^c danger, 
not ooJy lo tbcir country, bni the wbok cause, if they 
Eiliould «riiher rt-tire or stand, re^^lved to ^ and tight*^ 
** At IttNt, wjtb ttoint [ilaugbter on both sidt^. we won th« 

* iviuwIiatdaa'BMr^- Patnck Gordon'* n»niiBcri|iiU fHiuhllyvrr-re 



bridal* ;<^i*'c [Mil «ur <?inMPiy eo roul— ^ow fonratiJ fkii 
MuiK iiighl to AlK^riJcnir l(idg4?« withimt in t!ic fidi^^ 
twio^ reii>]vcd xo-morrow io hiiff tack^ if ordcHy, tint 
li^mftorthai iiivti^h^tl htn^efLiHBowna/itMnomtn 
cumber." Out Uiin lliinuiiijf lur the mice dv^ruxim 
of AbcrflcE'n Jutd no place in i\ie mind of MoniroM^ 
It iron tin- nntiiral iiiipuli^f' i)f nil «xoiU<d niul dtfRiilteiiy 
■rniy> ajid tbe umi4turiiJ^ though diuntctrrrHlic longiiiif 
of n clcrgymnn of tKc Covenant. " Hut," he nddis io- 
cuDBisleiitly aitd wildly, ** an it pieaxd God tu kttjt u 
from all morlf^ of tho lean olk-gei) cruelty frotii tlic Gnl 
Ijikiii^c up <j1 "iir JirtrEtc, ^o llirrc Tlir jirvvciiting mmort 
of (kitl clid kytlio* in a B|>«ml uiauDer; for UulKifflr 
olghl, by wn, thv KiOfc't Idt^ra of pudficatioD 
bnniglit lu i\\v tnvrn, wbirh to.tTtnrrnw i^nrly, bi 
presented to oi^r noblts made thtiu f-l^td they bad 
/An/ bfr^ncd rarri (a hind ttp thrir xMu'rx' ftau^d/rifm 
ifoin/^ iff mixrhii^ft whpn-lo Ihut wickod lovrii's ^Ntf 
deservinf^if Imd nmde th«in very betil ; for«U xmr ^por- 
in^, yvt that rotintry's inolicioiut clitJoysUy stccim rjtri 
to be reiin-idtHi."t 

If the"»u'wt,ineck, hutnblc ^rii*^ of BaQlk bad 
commnndcd tbi^ army, iniitL':ul r»f MorklTCiHL\H-hftt would 
liavu lieen the fnUs of AU rdccti ntad the uortb ? It wBt 
the gciicrnuH disposition of n nohlrmnii upoD whof^ 
covmnnlhig writem, even iu our owti tiuieH.lM^upevc^l 
vpitbet Applicable to a bloud-tbirMy dlnpo^tion, that 
no^* again savod the north, not^ imlred, froui all the 
mtsrry and exoc&st^uf tuuh iiiteHline couiuiutiuns^ hut 
from the deliberate devuMtatioD which, ftanctiontrd t^ 
exprt^ss comTntsaion from the; Tahbi*, and bnllovred by 
tho ardmt dmirr uf tbe coveiLautJa^; clerjcy. ht w»m iioiv 

■h VkilUvfe lotcor to S(^iD|E. dnt^d St^pbinboF VB, 16ML 



«X|>«cW to i>erpetrHte. From BaiUie'si owo txdled re- 
rorcl it i» nut ditBmLt Ui gittlirr than iniich- Rut in ttjt- 
oianuscTJpt of JamcflGordoiii wefmd the facts more (*x- 
pUtiUy ^iiiU'd> 

" Tlw Kiir! M^iriftchul, imd Lord Muc-lulK (Durnet 
ot Ley*) pr^Mtfil MoDtrti^r it> (iiirn tlir tawn, and iirgni 
him wilh !he Cr>nimitti*t''it ivfirrant for thnt (ffcot, IJi? 
UD&wcrrd. tlint it iva-t bot lu udvuie u itj^^ht U|)ufl it, 
*JDcr Alx-r<|pni u'ni tbc London tif iLi' iiurtti, inul the 
irant of it wouJd prt^jiiditv 1boni«H\v^p It wn» trikvii 
to coo slilcrn lion for cliat nlj^ht, nnd next <ky fhc Knrl 
MiiriM:li«l uitfl Lurd .MurluilU cuint- tmitcs^tiuf; lie uould 
fparv it. ]]c nn»wcrcd bo wn* dc«irotiii so to do, bnx 
durst not. except they ^ ouM !k' his warrnni- Wlier^ 
u|Kj|i tln-'y drtift' up a puper. fi]>;iied Hill: Imth |}idr 
faamU, declaring that thc-y hjid biiidercd it, ivnd pro- 
mlflhig lo intcrpi^Ko with the Committer? of J^Hintcs for 
him, Yet tU^ next year, nhcii he was made priftODer 
ftDdnoni«cd»thiK wiw ohjcdnl to Monlr*H[-, tftaf he Imd 
not bttrned ^bt-rdet'u, «» Ar fiatl vrtiernjrom Ote Com^ 
miUr^ tif JCjiiaii^t. Tht-n hv producvd MiiHacliaJ jinO 
MiKhAlin' paper, wbich fiurdly icili^ficd the cxanptTAtrd 

Bittbop Guthrie records that MoDtrosedlsbauded bf« 
forcr? ill AnifiiB, lunl rt-tirni tu hiK owu IiuuMt, ex]>ei!t* 
in^ that Lefllie and his conmil w^ulil have Hciit for him 
to roti>e and take eommjind of his rrglment, find ihtit. fis 
tbey DeKtL*L-ted io ilu Hu. hc' reiiniiiied ut Old Mmilrosu 
until the rctorn of ttic nrmy. Thin account, hciwerer, 
appears to be inaenirntis for, ns HnilLirliimnHf wiuwith 
the cuvniQOtinK army, it may be pri'«umi-d lh;it be 
could not be nit?<tuk(^u in wlmt he wriltv tr:i Sptiiig U|]- 
OQ tii^ oecstjion, nuinely, that " ^loiitriwe and AJuriitcIial 
did pobi to Uun^c to hare thdr part of the joy, oji tee// 


they did deserve, in the common peace, where tbey 
were made most welcome both to their comrades and 
to their King."* 

■ Aboyne Cook ship to,Berwick on the *Bth of June, bnl h»d narfy 
been killed by ihe "rascal muLtitiide," io his comch in Edinborgh. 
Jamea Gordon's MS. The particulurs are tbnx given by Baillie in hb 
letter to SpdDg, Septumber 1^8, 1G39: *" ThepeopLeDrEdlnbur:sh.lKlif 
pravokcd by the inEolcntand triumphant behaviour of that anhappy 
fipark, Aboyne, who yet reekinpfrifm our bhod in the north, woaJd rot 
Ht in hit open coach through their causey, made aa onset upoij biiPtuI 
well ntar had daoa him vioLeuce." So Baillie, who condemned Mao- 
trose for not havjii}f giv^n up Aberdeen to fire and aword, Hpealu of tb» 
conquered Aboyne as ouc " reeking from our blood in the Dorth,'^ ud 
justjGeH the attempt upon hia Life by what he calla the proPocatioM gf 
Aboyne's Iravellmg iu hb own carriage through the Atreete of Bdi^ 
burgh, ten da,t ajler the pacification had hee* li^ned at Benrid! 
ThiB was The time when the treasurer, Traquair, waa alao oeeriy mai- 
dered. Thitt breach of the uncificatioD appears to have been the ivuh 
of some plan, "* that in a private way eome courae may be takeakt 
their terror and disgrace^ if they offer to ahow ChemaelTes pubtidy."— 
Letter ft* Warittoa. 

Qun went to Berwick at the name time as Aboyne, but we heat of H 
assault upon him. " But aboitly afierwarda JohuHton coming to coort, 
bia leg being cured, accused him as a traitor, and challenged bim D 
faingte combat- But Hamilton conveyed (iun away to UallaDd, vrb^ 
the while that he inlaid it court, tranced Uuntly^s follDWera as boldlf 
aa Ihey ronhdently accuAtd him, aa that hardly knew the King wboo 
to believe amongat them." — Jamet Gordon't MS. 

Thk inciilt'nt l« whiHi hisloriniin Imvt? gi'iii'nilly rc- 
Ivmd Ibc dcpttrtura or ^lontro^c from t)jc path of rt*- 
bcDIon, in, JkH Malcolm Lnirig txprt-sai-s Ii, " tlitr ri^turiN 
lOfC ferour ttf liis rtwvpivigu ai JJenvk-k/'^n VH^iir iind 
iD4tirursncdA8«cnioD, thai ho* bciu gtncrallf, tbuu^li 
vnicb too liaAiil}\ niimflic^. l>ot rs consider the i-lr- 
CufPfltAnwH uuUef wLith MnuUoht ibi^ti itK-i iIil- Kiti^. 

Had ihif rr¥oh of ftyjilrmd ni<!<"il with (he Ivcaty of 
fWrnick, «mplf «uflicii'nc uh Ur' roiicctisioris \\\nni tJiat 
occasion w«re for ibe " JUli^iou miJ Liberties" ol'St-ol- 
brrf. tlic rvul ohji'ctH of tbe fiit-tKiii woiiIU yd have bcrn 
utjfuhilk-d. ThciE* (iiiiOiri^tijtJL riimlty ii^niikht tbe 
Btfihopni. their irmcioitnl aixl swccpin;; proji-ctn a^iiuA 
K|MM<fip:4oy, Were all iiiiHulinfied. HtaitU-v, >amc of 
Uic k-jiclers( of thiv purly ji)>|}ti)rvil Lti bv us far uf ever 
fnm iIh" u'i'Ull.h, pourr^and TtriHtocrntir d)H|inrtir>iis the 
desire of whU'h tvdstht*muj|]-^pnll); uf thi-irderiiut^mUr 
a^tatiojK The 3IoreJNrtif, therefore, nmil proceed, or 
the (-ovniaiit it^^E^lf bad fatlrd to yirld the fruiiR its in- 
Ttntors dDticipaled* It jenn instructive fae I, that ibeir 
chronicler ptroeivcd, nt tbv very outset, and befon.' tbe 
Cuvejmtil watt bi^^ht^d. lliul be wan ciiiburked with a 
party who could not nt^ip^hiirtof rvltcllioii niid nrinrchy. 
" If twd," he ftJiys " \n' plcns^J to hnuj* iipou lit* the 
year of our tisilothn, the Devil cctuld never have in- 



vented eo prc^^-naut a tiitmiin, uiiO ruiii llijit wLilv, 
and all, from the pritice lo tlic plougliiniiD. For wil 
thp iBriiiee, at the rk^^y's fk>siro> R*> on in violpnw 
prtafl ttieir cours*?, ihe fuUcbivfa arr prefi^ftil. bordbl 
in a dap, — witj he nrkiit, unci pvc way to our HuppI 
cati<m»,lh<T danger ih nut yet pa«M«d, — wewot notarAfr^ 
to HUmd, — when the hook of cnnone itnd «crvke kit 
bLirnt and awny, wheii llii- hijffa I'oinjnissloa is down, 
wUeu tbv articltid of Perth are made fret, when thv 
Bhhi>|>N* nuthfinty !■ hemmrd in with it^rrr «o niJii 
IdWs, lhj& nkak^£ us not ^leurv froni their future danjCi 
So, uhafeter the Priiico graata, J ft^ar tte prett 
titan itt rtiri fcant^ nnd ulieti wi* an* yW/y Hntisfied, i\ 
tt likely Enf^kiid tvUt be^^in iciifit we Aar^ i^ ^ffT 
In thesi' ftculeiicf* how accurately hJti Baillie epJlomiHd 
tile hisliiry tii' his jiurty. The t'lirivr iif the Coreiianf^ 
was n succession of increasing demands, iir|^cd upon IhiH 
pttneiple, that the tiiuntent llie preftAUTv watt rvit>i>v«d, 
tLe recoil Dii^ht tie fntal in ftotiie of the fnctioti ; till at 
length chc <'ovcuant«;rs consifU'rcd h essential, not 
the hiifijiine^H a^d rvapeetahility uf t1i€ cuuntry, but 
their own existence uud iitdlvJdwU Nifety, that RugU 
should hf'^in wliere ilu-y, however, did »ot leave ofT 

But Moutrose, [huti^-U hiilKTlu hif had aided the 
Movement with thoughilm ludvun waa not. as ^t 
havee]aewhi?reD!)scrvcd,mi<' v:^ thttjin-titm. He had bceii 
^* bruu^-ht in" OB a ^reat |Ji'izc<t but nevLT uinalipiiiMled 
with tJie It»lhe)i' ehque. and wIkh in higliext furfur 
with lluT '' Prime CovrnmUrrt/' wnM nlwfiys eunuldcred 
by tbeni apart from the iuitiatt-d, and ajiufdy aa ^B 
" ooble aiwl true-hearted <?Jivalier»" — " that nuUc vflliant * 
youtin* — "thnt geiforoua finiJ nohW y<juth," whi 
" discretion waa but tuo great in Hparing the eoefnj 
houses, "■ It was impuNvible that sueb a character, 



UrhnI ho hwh^fy lo Uic fnclioii, ^lionld nni have brvn 
Bnukviirtl iiit4> loyal ft-elin^ Uy the couducl of th« 
C<kvninnUr», mher the KingV rcinw^icTiH Hi the treaty 
of fl*rwkk» AiiolbfTof tJioscilib^iiwirnl rintKin wliicb 
" Um devout vrlr«s who at ^ni put lifr in the cause," 
wen* wj cODMiviniouBi, mid whU'h uiKjiic'fiitiotiublj' wtre 
MTTctly iBMiguii>d hy xUk" phiK'J[>!t] agents of thir faction, 
i^inoccnmd id Kdinbur^h upon lhe<2d of July n>39i 
utImtd the Lord 'IViriimirer Trui^ii^jir \vn^ ho hmlully 
uuuhtfd. Bit-hep GiUhricdecLureb dmt there wt^i'e few 
wl»o donbtwl Ihat ihi* breach of the pnHfirnrion " had 
privnti* itlJ(>i«unci-." hut Umt [^urii Louduji wiin tlin- 
paiclKd on Ihc 4th to the King nl IJvrwick, to cicniM 
ll, ami rctumci! with an order from his Majesty ro* 
4|iiiri%' r<nirlefij of tht- eoveiuintinff lewdfrn lo u(Li-nd 
bim lit hif court thcrr, in order tonrranir?' bisprogrcw 
to tktilland, ^hi^re he menm to hold mi AsHemhJy and 
PflHiJiiieDt ill perMoii. Only three of thv noblemen 
ohryrd thifl mmmom, nftmr]y, Montro«r, KuthcM, and 
Lothian, and hit MajenLy was no di8}*uslnl by t[te \a- 
nilling exciu*teA itetit by tlie re?^t, at^ to return lo London 
on ili« 9dth, and foirgo his intention of (mailing hioi- 
velf in tht? haoda of thia faUlilesg and u]>pHnc]pled 
bctiou. * 

Dr Cooic, in hir^ History of the Church, hui adopted, 
without vufticirnt einmination, the fK^jJU In r theory of 
MoDtruse'a loyalty. Sjwukintt of the oceahion, wfirn 
UoDtroM wnM one of the three noblemen who dared to 


* Gmltf^o ia vuurniiinl in tiuk vTntiPuivur Ijy the KUiJt; hirii*v]r. <vliu 
Mp, * ont pf i\\'i ^1*1^4(041 <1UcourD4;i'Dii^nt« wl- liait friim tfoUiif ililthcr 

fafataABif tn iH til Itprwhik, Uy whirh itlivitHvlidiWD thiy tnnniJiwtly 
dlHWTvmt thrlr dMriwl uf u» ; bu<I it i^ikRacilfcH-lliuuKhlnNUiimkbJaClut 
•rv tbMiIrE triivt nur [VOiHi irith tlir'v ihjkl <tial.rui1c-<] a*, aiwr to ifiau| 
uyWHOla *if*^ ■••TJHkni:** of our goodiiim* iirwurfli thirni-** — D«JBra- 
luBk l«4a. 


lUe btbe 


but he mow 

fur pconMil- 

ixut4 firmuitbcv 

in tWf fCTfiiriiiiirB- 

mltfaoopli tiwK tf 


■■ die g iewm 
by* gncioos nnKpikiii 
h^ hmi 9ervt ncpvfiescrd before, 
ft ityftinm wilh rcgtrd 
to Beodrad. H to «Uck SloMiwe h^ bnen dccti rvd, bb 
IcMOtft «iikif^ m^t Inw ibsiMvanikm uorvfutnl. 
Iloi that MoiDtnMe ifcwiM h^wt bv«a vwUccily gsiued 
over. uhJ h»Ttr " imr dn^nir acref j in oonavqueoa 
of xMne comtiMgemqf ibal Eoncfaed Iuf KT^rioe or ambi* 
Uim, (for U ifl cmAJa th«t bo iiBxncdi»ur rvwdrd wn 
bdd out, «■ wbru RoclKft Tt^U,) La. uwlrf- alJ the drcum- 
■Uprt-s ^Kjy Uung but a jmbAhlc tliearjr- Uo iij>j>t-ar« 
imdttd u> bav« becD firoof aguiwK tbc tMfc pro^pi-ctiif 
•dmbikMi to Court, or tbe fif^l a^fpnl vf bis " Hon- 
ivign's rrtur&icig ftrcrar," at ve leani fn^n Mr Ardu* 
bold Jobnston himsrlf, tram whom ivo accept <be 
atiootoUt an b« girt^ it- Tliat diaiui^uiBUeil Cov< nnn- 
Ut i» itTvnuoUidy endeavouring, in a long and cbarac- 
teriHtic epbtic, dnlcd e<I J/imiary I(i39, a fw motitliti 
bi'fitrr llib coiifiTL-nt-y :il Urrwirk^ to &l'Jii(y Lord Joliii- 
aUiD, (ind pi*rstudc bitn not Ui ^ lot^iirl ; wJien b« 
iiaes Ibc orffiiincnt, — '' rattier do iii>bly, as tuy Lurd of 
MviitruMi' Uofi done, wLt> having rcrotrivctl a Jcttur from 





fie King irmsrffio po up with diligence to hi* Court, 
roDvn>pd [*omo of the tiubititVi "^hf-w^d urtn Ihcm both 
hill particular ufTalrp^ aucl the Klii^'tf c(finmatid>mid 
tliDt ncrording; itAm covoTinnt of follow itt^ thi.- com- 
JDOD rvaolutiun, and i-'Helievvin^ a\\ np|H^nrajifi/& of tW* 
Tisire motKiri. nMy Uar^ ruHoivtxl to ToUiiw thi^ir couiiseJ, 
and bft> gntic homr to his on^n hoii<dL*, mid will not go 
lo Court «t flII," It WQiiId, Imwovor, be a jHior defi-nrc 
for M^wlrose to tiiainlaiii tbat he watt unmoved by the 
iiilcTvirw nt IWrwirk with ('li:ir]t'S wliihsi? kin^ily [^re* 
wuc^ And nobk- a&pt'Ct wt^re uwer so ii^posing n» whon 
be was besvt by diffic-iiliiesand dauger. The monarch 
mny iiuli*i'd buvf jinrlii-ulnrly dcsircril to rri!tuiin Moii* 
trow. Simck by bin tlntcly and Ijcroii: bearing, con- 
mated with th4^ irreverent levity of llotbcs. and the 
rvpubive drinocruey uf ArHiibald JohiiRtou, ami, iwr- 
hap*, favourably imprcu^rd by tbi' h;imnne forlx.-arniioc 
vhidi, roiilrary to thr w'lv-h of ihe ('(fVrnnnUiig eler^, 
had charftt-tcrinN] MoulruHr evvu iu rebdhoii, it h not 
unlikdy that Charlcx. in the words of bis favourite 
poec, may bnv^ iiiwanlly exelainied at the sfgfht of 

— — C), tuT n W&mur"* rbic* 
Tn lute tjii* ifuacL^m-lc htuAt npiiu ! 

aiftd the aecornpUsht'd King, whr» fn^einalrd Prrsby- 
leriaotoni itfivlf,* bad indtvd a rdcoiiirr'^ voi<v for such 
1 " la>iri*gciitle.^ MV beilcv«. tbcii, tli&t ^tontn>!>o 

WBBBmdl iJliCfllUlll «iUl ]Ei.'Thlt.'f*<»ll'» 1.1f>4.-u4kF<V*, bill IfiAl I'f nLlh Johtl' 

■Ufi'a^ nmt^aiiil mnt trvo titcniiiiuuiTK HioKi ^v^l* of rim IiiieIivii tti«i* 
Mn«fciaifr JiUUluly bit Uijnry'tnn hid ncvi^r Iwi-utifklvduUb 
— cb dbcoaniv, )«l ka wnt muf /mThhI nfllH-ui til],iii]il luiut|r uf clmT 
fvnaan. RU ^lijtsiy ww cvrr, U>v Un|[f r tlir Ik-iu r* Itm^i of nil Thai 
hnnl Ubi, u ana of IIib in»t JnsE, peah-uIiW. 4^vl |>^iiaQt t>«* wq 


]tHd frit hJK liTArt yvnra iivwAnltt Clmrkw Ibe KirHt, 
that some MiUce had falkn froip liis cyv9, aod Uui 
hti dpjiartiMl Trom that ItiU^rviow a wlHer aud a bcllrr 
iwui. But the jKipubf CftfitmHff U certainly ik>< bi>' 
tOfX. ^o<J- imlccO, wc mnf dijiUDCtly Irnor iw ort^ii 
in circuitietaiK><8 ihat ^uggpfat a more adequate camte 
ci Mvtitn)tH**e growing oi>pu«iiiuffi to the cov^Dautiog 

The (u'IktaE Awcnibly Df 16:^9 fiitrtcnrly iti Aaguvt, 
the Earl of Trnqiisir being Coinmisafon^. All th« ■ 
rxlruvji^ut uiid jrrutiuuul ucvun'Aiititii^ ronfoumlinK 
li^pi»copncy with Po|K'ry. wt^rc now Wdly Ktntc<l. and 
y^hcmcnlly pri^wd^ It i^ wdl known (li;it« upon tliJs 
occasion, tUviiri^fiual UriiiuuUti of the Cuvrjimiti-Tnt were 
far exceeded. The whole of Kiii^ JatacKn f«tab4tili- 
ment cf the (.'hiirrh of ScolUnd wa^ overlurDed. and 
thvrti H-aa lUva fuived U[Kiii the CunniiiiBioiN-r and IJm 
Privy-Council an »rdinaiiec as to imposing the Cor«* 
iiaut, which Dr Cook condemns ae an act to be '^ ab- 
hi^rrod," ua " a deviation TroTti the toleiaot Kpiril of pura 
nligioi],"" n«, *' in I'lK't, un engine uf *<^\'ert prrvccutioii." 
ThtT Parliament whith wa»i to rnlify ihwc |>roccedlD^ 
in«t ou the Slrt of the same month. At the vrryfl 
threshold nf thiii Parlimnetit the fiiction wen- md by a 
nt^vttHnry rcftult of their rccldet^ vioUdcc. The «xcltt- 
iion nnd coiidcTTiTintiitn of ibc JHIabope had oxpunged 
one of tilt- ontutcH uf ihu klu^tJriii and the wbule traine fl 
of gmrliamcnt wns by consequence dixliKntcd. Th* 
clergy constituted one of those estates, a position of 
^vcrninent which in all Qn^ previutiH n^i'oluLionn coii- 
trallhifc epihcopal power h^irl heeti wived and ratificii^ 
Tbi«blow to the exlHiU-^nre of tho Pjirlia^oerjl it^eJf wna 
a andden and ren^^irk^kble crinin in lire pit^m* 4if /£- 
MiStunct to the lifur^j/p and MipjtficathM* agnffttf the 




Jiii^op4. Of ncTpiiaity it impiOlcd the Ctivennut^rs 
iijxiD a new ^ul^vi-l i»f u^'ilutiou. tlie structure qf 
Partiomtfnf^ wlii^h tlicy hn<I tn rrniutlcl on dit- iiJi>tfl]:kt. 
Jlic CoribtJiuliuTt liAi) ftlrt^y broke down uitjer thtrir 
Hbuie cnrtH^r, stjil tbcy wrre tounlrained lo |>atch it up 
fxir Ihi^ occtt«ion n» thry Ix'itt miglir. To tliiH pivdka- 
jtlMnil bud Uj4- dcniviiiiJH of the Movement, und the cun- 
letRdotti o<f the 1itilf-iil:tnued, and h^ilf-cmt wilted Com- 
fliiwioJivr, bri>»^Iit ihti t-outiCry mid the King. The 
I tmm wa« M> abnt|jt aud violinit, that it cuuld not f^l 
to opt^n the eyes of many. For, besides all this « ninut 
^klvrriiitird utloek wiib how made upou the prLTugativiW 
Rrthocrowij. The conltol of the WinI, — the com- 
mand of \\it Urongholds, — the dispenaiug of honours, 
ufiient of Y-VxW, and jun^dielions, — tJie r*"gulaling |n"tf- 
I octk-ncy, — thw* were all demanded to be trans furred, 
I m privilep**, to the Parliament. Here wen- innova- 
/iofltf iD&tiitely beyuiiil any \\\iv\^ ultempted by the King, 
mnd irhieh mutit bnvc etrnvJiuTil nil who retutn^Hl Lhe 
pouer uf eaJm reHi.'elton, thai the desiffn Viut* to uhro- 
gittf moimrchy. Hinhop Guthrie alludes to this &tate 
I of mattcTfi when, in reference to tliis Purluuntnl. ho 
Gftyff, — " ThtT'l^adera of the eau§e bad further projc'etN. 
and, iiistettd of rbln;;, propoHnl n nititiber of new mo- 
I tion* coiicenung the eojiKtitulion of Purliament^t and 
other Lhirigv never treated on heforr, whrriMui^nt the 
CominiMoiter tolij thetnhehaduoiiiBtruetioiia. Moa- 
I XrtMK ftrg^^i sQmt''ii'hai against ikoitf motions, for which 
, tiie ximlot^ linvijtLc Jtitirpkintis of him, tliiJt th<? Kiuj; 
! bftd turned him at hi^ 1>cing with his Msgorty at Bcc^ 
, ivicic ; yet the)' fteenied t<t tjike little votlee thrrcaf» 
I Ottty tlw vulgfir, whom they limhI to hound cut, whts- 
I pe»d \n Uw itTecta to hia prv-juilic^, and t)i« neitt 
morning be fuutid affiled upon hiii diafiiber door s pa- 



per with iht^e worilft htjIuu in it, inriciua armit 

it iH remarkable ibat temperate hiKtnriflnK, stirfa 
Air l^in^ nnd Dr ('ook, ihotiM hAw recorded, a* ui 
unfloittili'ii lilMtorlcnl fnct, a mrre vulgar diuiKHir, 
prompteii, iitilced« by tliv faction, but j^vtienillj' appre- 
fUicd cxvn nl tlie fiint* urc^rirdiTig \n \i% true valii«. 
JlnJlliiv in a IctU-r daltd Ifith C>cU-biT 16^9, (iJk- third 
IDomh of tbe Parliani«^tt in question) apeuJc*, cn^ti iIk-ii, 
uf ]Mi>n(ni»u**s dt-rt-c'lititii ciui au jmving hrrti reriaJnly 
Kui'und nt Ui'i'trnlc, but n^ a rumour, nud in ijruHjiurt 
only. \or docs he nnmt* Monlrofv- nioiiv, Imt nccord- 
iDif lo bitt pwuliur vjhiuu uf tb^r jnuiler, poiiJt;^ to nuny 
otlien wbo ^vcrc now bcgltiiiingto waver in tlieir liead* 
\tya^ roiimt', ** Diviwimi" bn^nvK, " i:i iiiiicli tabourtd 
for in iill uiir thUili;. Therj tpeak <ffiwy ^ire;M jjn'i'ait- 
itig «ilh tiur noble*. Hume etidcHliy J'ttiUu <^^ 
Montrosv >tot Hnldrfij to hi^ cuMtund wjtli tbe fair pro- 
mise* of ailvaricfineni — M^irUt-bal, Sutherland, and 
otlier*. mmftfhiit dotrii/r^i — ^lln.'I■:lT^lf 'JV-viotdnlc, nod 
«oinv i>f tb(.- Wavuiw^ invUmttg the Court tvtty — ilivir^iutis 
betwUt theiiiercbantsnnd crnftsrof Edinburgb, aud M. 
by cDfljHeqiience, of nil thf tnir^Iis of 8i-ot1ziijd, c/irL'fully 
fofltei'ed l»y onr ComnjiwioLicr — our prime dergg^ like 

• " Tbif inviiitiliU* 111 uriii* tk tinciiLialitJ by wMi J*." Tlii* ii.jjiI* tf 

IMimirui:, IniUmlDg iLc i-TinLntion Ln whlcb lie wiki bolil /or boik 

WhiJTivcir n-Eliiint il tti liUdunr, </» trir^ur couU iioi UAvcuiuuivnl Elia 
mode of rtfifionf Bin iHr ciilumn;r Anly wvnt HhmidiMJi ^ikgup mid 
xnlffia rumuur, wid wn* uevor uiaJc ii vlitr^t lUBtnki hbii, vifvfit 1^ 
moUvrn hl^toi'li^-Lis. Wt aliall iirciirumiU li^vv iM-'Atkiun |un<^ U> cLff 
frti[jijicj/ (iinilU-i^rijil 'li-|fcOvilioii of MniilnivhitLiMulf.whtirvJTj Lc dcfdnnv 
ihjii hL< <ticl nrrt {'<itn'H]ii>iii] ^^itli rhb Xini; wliuu hi* hUjctty wi*o' 
' tltrtt'ifh, liLiF ihnT hp wmtominut l^o lutlvri ti> bbi ilunnt; Wv> ttuum^ 
PajttHtniiti. rJiifl iijim^ifpTuif* tiiL' vi<'"r (^uii ii wn« Uii? prf>i:iH.«]iiijfHaf 
llikl. tc<vuliiTii>iiiiry L'onvrnr^oi), (n^n«t which MoMrov aryuA^ ) iJiaE 
Ant onaAu bim Hvimitty AlATiiwd fw tliv Mcui«rchj. 




XtxfitUjotU U)>on tijr qupHtfon uf nxxt n^w privnio trifH't- 
iiq[&." We findf loo, in lli* lurrt&iwudente uf ihia it- 
TcrcndpartisaiJ, nrmllit'r vi'r^ioii of Montrosi-'stlderttriil. 
■ooHnrlint difTnvnt from thiil of the Beruiik ht^luctioo. 
In » letter, dalrd in 1643> to which we have ^Uenhere 
alluded, wjii-u TDobt viukully excited iiguiuHl Mon- 
trpM', Bailliu ^'ritus, — "Our present posture is tliis; 
wbon thr ctmniueas of Rothes lind VirttuglU in Mautrosc 
1o Dur tmrly, IiIm ijiora ihiin orciiiuiry himI evil jinde 
moidr him rrry harti to he guiHctl: hi^ (irat voyage (o 
Ahrrtl^'fTD mudt? him sivjilUiw the ct-rUiiu liopi'^ ul' a 
eeDTTaht« cpTcr nil t>ur nrmivs ; when thnl honour wa* 
put upon Leslk, he inroniinent began to> deal with 
tbt? KiiifT* und, when wt; wertt at I>uiitw-luw» had given 
iwrAticv, a&d vixk% in a fair way of ]kcrtcnaaitce had' 
Dol ihr hnni^ty nnd rmirngr of Mnri^-hnl prevented it, 
to Lave given over the whole Doith to tLc enemy; 
wbi*fi onr vuyiige to Newia^tle i^anie in hand, hy htn 
tlatMualfU hand he thought to buve Hold uBt to the 
fBcm)* ; Iberenftor ht- hah * vrr on correBpoiidrnrp fi>r 
(Mir ruin." FroiTk mu-h va^'ue eahnniiief', — tlie prejudiced 
axHUinplionti o( the moment, by narrc»w and cli^uded 
mind* judging ch»nK"ttTH ihey wtre inc^pnhk- of n|v 
pfedfttiug.-^a certain ctaw of writers concfMi pnge» of 
pointive asaenlon against Monirngp, and rail it histor)*. 
It may lie Keen, froin thv hihtury we have ulri-Euly traced, 
how groundlr^ lk the assertion that je^nlonvy of Lc«lie*ii 
nppoLnlment, to ranimnnd Ihr nMliniKi nrmy of Ifi.S^i 
indaced MoDtroBe-,fllthi6 IJnu-, tolnrii against ibeCoVv* 
Danten. J)ailfie'» theory hi 1(^45 \s totally fit variance 
with Ihc fneli^ hc7 himitelf ivLMrdx in lO.?^. ticvidufl^ 
M.iriMrbul, a youth of nbonl thrcr-flnd* twenty. wfl« 
obvinuHly 4wayed hy Montrose, nnd we »4hn]i lind that 
thevety Brat idguature to what Kalllie caJJa M^utroee* 
rou. u u 



'• Janumble band,"* id ibat of NfaH^haL fiecau^ Uoii- 
trosttf on llie fre- ^ /^c* par^ctttion, had rrnUlivl diF 
cnlrcAtieB of tho^ Armind hini, to obcj^ llic w-bitsqI of 
the Commitur uf K^laU-s nnd give up thi' lown Hml 
country uf A bcnli-ri) to IhetleTvulalionorfirraiidiwonl* 
this covriinntin^ cli-rgynmn, Humt- yrorv afterward), 
patDts Jt a« a |>tcei.i of intf^rxj^U-d trc-uc-hrrj', on (lie |urt 
of a coiDcnADiler too buM^nii« for the arms of iti« (V 
vnijint, ttpd a^iiujtr^ Uiut Muuirose was in a fair my 
to have given over the u-holc norlti to (he tHcmy, Theu, 
In Ihe itint-lccnlli cctmir}', Mr Krixlir, without <x* 
ptscjiliij^ the nri-unifdaDoe8 upon which DaiUii-'s ihevj 
is fuoiidccf, llm* rpitotiii/E^^ ii hito a /lirtwrcttl _firct :— 
*' Minjinmt^ win Aai/ A^*r'« prettatutly IttmftcriBg, -fsty 
sediicvd at Berwick from hit pnrty oAd principlva, and 
atVrwartU bocairn: the most f'nrionii enemy of ihe catue 
hv hwl foniJcriy betfii tht; uio&t forwaitJ lu wpt^uEirk''* 

Al Ihf lime when Trnqiinir olitnintil \n* commiRs^oa 
undt.'r t\w (>rvat 8ira]r to hold the Scotch PnrJiairiotit iu 
Jiuiv J640, uuothti' commlMlon. umlei' the tjiutrter i^sd, 
HOH iHHut«l to Lurd ElphEn&tone, Lord f^apier, the 
Lorii JuKtice-Clei'k. aitd the Lord Advncatr^ by whieb J 
any ihrocof thpniwriveinpowirrpd tr> Act in TnwjuairV" 
ahMTiiccti tiut upuu his order^ ITjv Luril Advucut/- hsiri 
beeti pLut-ed uuder t.H>ntlneriieot ftl Mh ouii house of 
Craifchall, " uikjii pri-'teiict: fNJtysE Bnnirt^ nf some peu fl 
ty malversation in hix office, but renlly U^aiiB^ uf \\%> ™ 
sdheriDfL to the (-ovenniilrrH lim much-" Wbeij thiit diet 
of Purliuint-nt urriv^p however, a&ScrHUiid wii^ inofani 
rc^UJOD, ntid Tniqmiir bad Heen Dearly inunleml 
on the Htrcctn of f^iJintxirgh nJieii 1h>L tlierc, Charlf« 
did not choose lo ^cnd donii hi» cotnmiaaioner to run 

•HiH. of till' HfiU Crap. i\. t'il. 

TLv rurciiiir ibif pa^c^ of the 



eucb rtak«, but trua&iuJltMl u L-onnimud to the JutiUct!' 
CIrrk to lake tb« Aclvocattr aluiig uitli him, &nd proru- 
gatcT tJ>e I'nrliitmfiit in virtiii^ i>f tliu ^ub-coniitiiH^ioiiH 
Bum^l says that the Lord A<)vi>cate " was ^laU butb of 
brin^drlivt^i-edt'mrTrLiHdi-igrut-L'.anU for Mn^ honourwl 
Vitll Um; cniifluyinentr" find that wlieii thi; PnrlmmL-nt 
■ttttbc moved Lord Elphinslone, as tint named in Uic- 
roinniiwiuu, 1o go u]> with tliL-ui ut the- throne nnd 
execute the King'ticumuiaiid^ Tlial tiobluiiaa required 
to ■«* Ti^munir's ordpr. Hope urged the Kiug*s cotn- 
BMWl M pnrdmouiit, but Elpliiufitoii would uoi depart 
horn thehiur of his cotiimia&ioD- Tlu- Advinule llten 
tnninl to Lorti Nupic-r. wlio uua imit^h Iihi pnrist^ und 
puacUlioiu in oil sntich rnattcn* to be guid<^ by any 
thing Wl Uic 4'TprrMK lennR of the Itrtj^ol CoinmiHsiou. 
jUid he, luo, dLTlirifil to act. Nirvt^rlhi-Jefis tijt' Cove- 
nanting P^iHiniiieia dttei'iiiineil to ^it, and i-le^tefl Lord 
ilurJrigh n« tbvir EVc-sidfiit. 

The ottly noblcrrinit who opprnn^ to have opposi-d 
villi npirit uiid ilL'l4.'njii nation ihi' urianrnt-d povixTi of 
Ui'w cxtmordinury I'orliainutit wa» Moiitrorit* hinjM-lf. 
Bittbop GiLtbne hns toM ua thni, in the deitiooraticaJ 
proreodirt)^ of l6'J9, Montrobv &i'8l incitrred the- dii^ 
pjimin <if tlitr tuctian by ar^ui/ig ogainM their revohi- 
tiooflf^ pr«|HiMi]oTi3i. What wr nrc' nlHiiit to iiarrntc 
currtiburates that etfttemrnt, and from a quarter that ia 
'Mtlobc doubted, tt mil b** manifest, when we come 
to ni-ord the hJAtury of MvnlroseH lirnl cmi(«iervHii vt- 
atteiiipU to coiitiCerfninc the tviuding; CoVL-anntvi-*, that 
loUiCMeFnrliammts^iiid clMrwhiTc, \\e InnJ bi^t^n startled 
anc] ttluicked b}' tbu Ifieasoimblc manner m which the 
Kiag't flulhonty, or itii* rtevettsifi/ of' hanitt^u Kiri/^af 
aO^ begBD lo \tc t^inkva of ; uiid hi; hod even gjithrred 
expKM>on») and nimonr* of i-xprc^ons, from Argyle 



and otli^rt, H'hk-ti, if provoD. amounted to "tiigli tnan 
m tlir bighcttt dr^i%" — ErxprcvsiidDK U'o hrrr nntinpir 
frnnanorif^inaliDAiiUACiiptof Moinrr0A*'«<>wiicoaven^ i 
tionoiitlif^stibject. TliwvlBDorecoi'do] tii<r6pe4MrbfSlhAl 
packed ill iticsi* PdHiAmeulA, but. fortunately, \i'edi>com ' 
an origiiiFil letter thnjwiiig more light upon the mAttrf I 
Uian liashithi-rto bocn obtainnl. Whirn Uii' iiolod Arohi- 
baJd Johnalon waA Jti London wUh the coRiiujttjopen for ! 
the treaty of 1641, a rqtort lind rraihtHj himofalhratt- \ 
viwd iin|)r»clki]»ciit of tmnv t>f Uu-ir uumber, and hie «>»- | 
Klenorimnicdinlrlyinfonnodhiin npmi n'hom, avkd fr^in 
vrhfrnH', Ihiit iiupi-uc'hHK-ut waa tu coitii-. In AjiriJ vi 
tbftt year he wn>t«' |>nvati']y toUicdi<|uc in Eilinburgli. 
to bo prrpiLivd with nnraf pniMviilion or mtbcrpHl^ 
I'ul&oti uf Mutitrme. wLL>m ho hvard wad tbe autboiTof 
t^ctUia uccuiiatlons of high treason, understood to k 
iiRpi-ifding ovL-r the iuw-X conspicuoun tif their own I 
number. He fnrthrr stntcs his «ti!^pimn, that the »/> 
cttHutiort rented tijwiL the J^fHH'ches that pnt>SL*d at tJkc ' 
debut? oil the mt^^tiijg of this f'arlianitMa jii Juno Kiift 
and be reminds bin eurreitpundenls, that, upon that oc* 
eiuit>n, *' yUjnirof^e tdd tfisi^fe ftgriirt^i Arnjle, Holhov 
J)abiieriiio> auii iny«clf, becnURo sonic urgrd, Ibat, ^M 
long it^ uv ^iiU a Ki/iff^ wu cuuJd nut nit wjtlmut hin^H 
aud it wafi aniiwertd. thai to tfo t/ie leu u as moro law* 
fUl than lo du Mr f^renU^.*** Thin ia not vrry fully 
or explicitly atatcd ; but* taking it in eonntcliou uilb 
itii neruwitioii prvfentd aj-aiuiil Arj-jl* in refrrrnw lu 
iJiB same orcavion, (a niystcriou* ilory vre »JinlI afltr- 
wards liave occn«ion to exjiisirntr,) wr make no doubt 
that the iibove is a very canUoU6 and eubdned rvfi-reiKe 
to CLTtftin treoaodmble vxpceaHioofl and projiuiiltkMis lb|^ 

* Orifpmil us. Sot UibpTd XL yrhtffv AfrMlaAA Johnttca'i 3^ 

bod occurr^ at thin UwWs convention, ''whereof 
(Myn lionrsi K|inlii]nf) thr Hke was never sivij jri the 
Cbri»ti&n world, where niiy Kin^ ruled and rang." 'J'hc 
wbitk' rcvolutiiOniir}' pttm uf the previuii^ J'Di'luimrnt 
wflft ti4Tri' i^ntUd, nnd various ucU weic |>jliuu.s1 find 
furtrd upon ail, iho manifcfl ohjoct of uhich was to 
fWlify thr faction In the ti|ipri)u(-htii^ rebplliuii. The 
cinucrrutivL* fvclingK i»f M<>nti'o8«. »nd a few other* in 
thin Pnrliamoit, vrvrp p»wrric*s tn nnvst ihe devi Ih]H'- 
netit iif tbo " dotid in the north/' Tbey were induced, 
or nitbercompL-lled, to ftubaeribe with liie rrsl ibi !uw- 
ham iimcwdinF*. in the vnin Ihiih* thut hei'e w;i« the 
ttUnoM iimit of the movommt, nnd Ihni hy giving way 
to the pre*ft\ire now, they were preserving thL'iiiBtflv'eh 
tu bo ofuM- lu the Kinjc i" fiilnre. Nay. hy miiwter 
•trokc of |K>licy on the pnit of tlic fnctiou, lliey wrn* 
^ven put upon the moii^trouH coMiniiUi^^ to which thU 
Parti&RMnt icaw binb. 

Frt>in Juniea (riirdori's nmmi-->cri|Ji we pIiuII now cx- 
Irftct a very dihttnrt nnd curimiih necmiiit of tfie nuw go- 
vernment, constituted by thia rcvolutionniy conveulluti 
arJumr lti40. 

** It will luic be aroiaa to ^ir« nunie nccmuU of the 
imittee of Kvlnr^iA, and their pnwrr^ oh it wnn n])c- 
tn Lhm PiirlJnniLfnt, heeauAv In the folJowifiji^ year 
Uiis new reprcr^^'rit^iive had the |K>wer of kingi- nnd 
puiiatnuoti c^i^roKHrd in thrir person h und jiuJimioneji. 

IV mctnbrr* of it were rigblemeii, ItothcJ^, Montrose, 
iiEti, Wiglon, Dumfrrjnlfjjc, l#ot!iinii« KnrU ; for 
LofdM iVerv* Litidauy, Jtahuerino, Cuuper, tiui'lei^h, 
Xapirr, Latter; hortiu of SirsHioti were. Lord Duty, 
l«iiH Craighnfl, Lord ^t-'ob.tiirvet ; then follou-c^l Sir 
7'tioiiuis Nkhobon of Carnoek, lawyer. Sir I'jtriek 
Hqiburnof WjKhtiui, SirU;ivid Huoit^ ofUVHUUrUini, 



Sir G^orfff S'firlirtg of AViV, Sir Patrick Murray of 
Elibank. Sir Palrklc Hnmilion of Uit\t Ppwiob^St 
Williiiin Ctiiiijiuj(hani of Capri ngtun, Sir WUIm 

ThifiiijiA Hupc of CerMf, D/ammont/ of HrcrrtrUm, 
Lnird of Lesley, Forbts, Mr Gvorg^ DuuduH uf Mui- 
urr, John Sniilli. burjprsw of Kilinburjflt, Thntiin* V*' 
tvreon^ tnylor, Rit'lu-;!'!! Mtuwrll, Htifllcr m Kcliiibiu^. 
Willjarn llamiUon, burg<'»t of Litbgovi', Mr AJ^xandft 
\Vriltltrburii> I'lcrk of Dmidev^ Oeurjce PurU-rfjcId, hoi- 
tie of GlAKgow, llugb KvTui^dy, bailie? of Ayr, John 
R^ilbf^rfiird, jmivcfst, i»f Jiulhirgb, Mr AJrKnndof Jlif- 
fra)'t burf;tBH of AbtrUeeit, in hjb ubsvuce. Juujts Suuril, 
burgCM of St Andrews, and Jamt% Scot. bur|^ri>9 QfMtta* 
iTosc- ThcHe were a niiAcil nitUtitiulc — many bend»< tntr 
but few titatL-^nipn. though atl nonkinaled la mI :^t tbt 
helm. SiniiL^ of these n^erv /,noiv» toj'atttut- the Kingf 
yet were ncminaUHl either to linniJipJt ihefo. or to it«^1 
bfJLU'h tbern by their concurrence a|^mat bim ; olbertj 
added for tlieir iri^tifhcieiioy, jik hnowii^g thnt they bor«' 
n zeal to the i^uuvfe without Jcimwiedj^e. so the lilter forJ 
their end^ ; Chey were a<liIoiI a» ripfi^rx, to the few tR^ 
gitttt ^Ui\i»T(\e\i who i^Bt here, to mnlte up ntnnber, 
for the greater auihority. an<l mainly to defiide tLvfi*] 
alta|>k' ignorniit^<4 by inuhjrt|; Uirrn lii-liew that (liey 
jHmer Aiid authorityt when jntlecd they haO l>itt Ua 
name, ami others thr- ^trj/i/. These were added, onA] 
fiugrnenti'd, and eliao^d. or Lurnetl i^ff. nu ihe ft 
riiigleaJerH saw oecruioii in the following yearN or uif 
tbey found them fnUhfu) antl forwnrd^or growii^ct^d 
or slaek ; jind befoi'e the year turned rouud tbete ii 

of MantTtifHt'* jArly, Hriil may bv tunnvil cofintrwlirf^ 

Power akd cu\kiko oi' AitavLE. 


vtti««l ft TouJ niptnnr m^d vchiAm arnoiigxt the ]inncip&l 
mrmhrrs of this mmmitCrr. <*»<• Ihing whs jinich re- 
iDtirkt-d litre hy fill ineti, that it sLeweii juiicA wodc»ty 
amri grif-deniul \n Arnyk to \w c.'f>iiteTitc(i rujt to be 
pirvfrm^d to tbw high honour. Biil iill Knw h(^ wrs 
wwjor fpott^ia*, and tbotigh not formally a njeaiber. yec 
ftU kttfW that it y^tiv bin infliienre Iljat gave beting, lite, 
and inolimj to IhctiL* iicw-modeUcd govt^ri^ors ; nnil not 
a few iboitglkt thai thiv^jitiEto u-^as bis invt^ntion- If it 
wen? fi<t or not, 1 deltrmiiie nai. A leaiion why be was 
nut nointnaled waa bf» abst^iKx* at thia tiiue in Cbe 
HigblnJMl^, iitid bi» liisii^ rrn|iUiyrd iniidi of tliiH wiirn- 
nwr in waJtiug upon tJjc Mip]ioeed iavabiou of Stmf- 
fiwd anny. Vh there wa§ a door left opvn for him 
to«liti-r tlic euniinJItt-e wht^rievi^r hi- pleiised, Uilh as tat 
officer of tbcnrmy.niid upcm ibct-ftJli>f tbccominJItve; 
for t!H*y bad (lowor 10 call iiiiy xXwy [^Im^i'd lo aaaiflt 
iJiriii, M\ albeit be watt uot nonjinatedp yet he wns in- 
cluded in the- fitnt*^ coitiniilU-r.*' 

Tbat the vibove in a true uccouut of Chix cointniltec, 
which UBurpcd every function of govcrniocnt, and by 
■eaitt of the htrhing jiotvcr of Ar^yle, and ihi' factKoim 
sAilJtit:* uf « ft'W leading; Covfnunk-r», coirinmuded tbu 
FarjiARicnt of which tht^y |inifi-hM-d t(k he \\\v organ, will 
beaiii|dy proTrd ev^nby thu hietory of tbcirproi^eediu^'si 
agaiiDt Mytnrose, to >ye prest-mly unfolded. The ris 
rolt of ^cutland watt luuiuft-'Hly progn-j^ing (from 
tlto tith« agitation of Uothcn, who was uow compura- 
iJvely inBi^niticnnl,) to be iinde-r the dicfaforithip of 
Argyll-, whuse *' tjreul puwtr and fullowing," anil vi- 
Ooiu flhility* n-ndcn-'d him. notwithatnriding hi;) i-oU' 
Bfjtntiu»al nrrvuu^ 7 ki ■>**<, witliunt o, ooinjHrlitor in hucb 11 
prrtcnMoii, Argyle wui swjii, both in 1639 and ]640» 



by tbe CovenADten;, (which of course tm-ans by his owu 
cIcKin^) n^Ainnl Thr loynlly nfTrctcd lu ihe portli, where 
many of bis pLTfiuuMluinIh^retlitary eiiiuilitv wcrvtoU' j 
gratili<*i]- Tiu'i^- cx|iE-J]noiifl njipvnr to have been cW 
raH;U'n2i.iJ on l.ho pnrt of Argyk* by Ireachtrjv cruelly, . 
and a malicious Jealous)- of the iijore ^wrou* nm- < 
iHki^^u uf jMnnlrow. The latltr had gftrrvioaitd tkt ' 
ever UtyiA liuiisc uf AiHy, hut at the uune tiiD^ behtr* 
cd with the TiumELDity u-hich in his general livauiml 
of " the eneiuy " wod au diH]jlca»iti}; i^veii to thu Krv. 
Robert Bnitlie. Ar^ylc, a xoldicr wortbtcr of tl>e Co- 
vtMirtnt, fcillowi'il^ luit like- riK^rry, tier slr|)s tif .Mootroae 
ill the Donh. lu vniu ^JoDU'ost:' wrote Co him Ihatlhe ^ 
hmisc of Airly had been already vlsitod, atid vrat ooe^H 
pied by bis own mihliern. It w«h dwrnied t<» distnu'lSon^ 
by Argyle,whoUe he generally contrived) found uufum 
opposed to him, and who, "at the demolishing Ui«ncf, 
iftMudtub£ivenbewi:d himself tixtrciiiely«iri]ett,^Hbatb> 
\hv JJi-weti wurk of iIil' thwn auil ^vindov^ s till ho did 
Mweat for boat at hi& work." ' But, besides indulgiujr 
hiH viridiitive ftvlin^'s ugaiimt tlie gallant C>gilv1ea of 
tbt' Braes uf Angus, Ar^-yle, ou tliiii natiie ex|K=-diliviu 
concussed tbe people of Alhol, nnd a« comvrii[>umrf 
writci's reconJ, by the treacberuus taeiJctt elinmete- 
riftticof bis military cAjuciticSjwUboul a blow struck (to 
tht^grL'jitdisapiiitiuiineniof theAtbol mru,w bo, says Gu- 
thrie. " would ^l;idly have brtd u bout with the Ar^i- 
liaiiM,") surpriKed atid luade prl^oiierti the Earl <»f Alhol 
himself, iJirTig witb rigbl gentlrtiirii of tlint country, 
uiiJuiig wbojri WAS the uiifurtuiiJtte John Sleunrt, 
yijuiJ|j;t^ of Ludywtil* They ^ere inudc prjsooeni 

■ Juurt 4^i>rcluii'B MR 8hi nvtu lu ibu I'lifE* ht ihv wriLl ofthv ^lu 



Awffit'tt ovrii tniti at thv Ford □!' Lynn, whtn-« ub ctr- 
euiiMUntiitll)' iH-poitcd to Mnntrwr by John Stewart, 
n>rtain Pxpre^io4is [himkiI* in |tn.-sf*ii<y> of tln^ 4ol(li«n>t 
ntfltirv to dethi-vfthig tfre Kin^ in ScottamL It fA 
worthy f>f n-nmrk, tno, timt, flcmrding lo S(<?wQrt"ii 
rtory, Ihin cwivrnsnlitJH hnd irforonce (o /Aa^ t^tfry de- 
hiUr mysterioLuly alluded to iii tb« pafis&f];e w^ hnve 
quoted from ihi' ^itTL'! roriYHiKJiidtriL-r uf Arclnhnid 
Jobittton- The I^Utur)' of tliiK cli;ir^ uf liigli trcatton 
•l^in^ Argylc (wliicli bi^cfimc tho rrifnns of drslroy- 
iaiC the couservttlivr purty iu Stollaiiil) will u)>|ivar in 
a tuTMequeiJt dinpit^r. 

Thun it lukpiintrd Ihnt Montj'CHr, (inH<*priidc<ntly of 
Uie drcumstAiJi^t^ oli'trudy d^iuikU &b Ijaviii)^ opeued bis 
tyt» \*> tbe danjfer or tlie lourtry, and cnused him in 
iIm fuiHiiiinctits of Ifl.Sdoiid lE>4iO, tn "diKpMlr"n^[iiniit 
neb ^t^tcMni'ii aa Ai^ylc^, RutU<fS, BuJnu-rino, nnd 
Archibald Juhneflun.) .-ihorlly nflcr tbi? Iiist raiiventloB 
of tlic E»tati-H ill Jiincr )md Ixjcoioe in;pn>Krd with tlie 
bettcf tJiat II plot rrally txUtcd to dctbroDc the King 
III Scotland, and Lo |>!ri4.f tht^ t^ari uf Ar|;yl^ iift dktrtlor 
ovrf the dutract«U L-ouutry^ Thin had ht?tiL pri'Ahtfd 
upon hi« Btteatiun by vaHoiu ci renin Ktnnci-n utmrring 
■bout th^ (Jinic time, ^nd uhk-h wer^ Hutht'ientiy con- 
l^ttrfngf, though h was tiot ao raaiy to bring borne an 
(irrui«tioii of tlie is»H ugniiiKt the wily Riid [Kiwerful 
highlami potentate, who rejoiced iii a aupreine crimi- 
nal jurltrdktfon as his own appnnu^, and loixk'dtt over 
hintfl of •■ uiH-anny irt-wMni^n," — u* BdilHt- calU ibcm 
uilii niiuglcd fmr wnd fldnxiralion^— " these euppk' fel- 
lows with tJieir plaids, targi^, and dorlm'hs," — whose 
meiaoriea ain] cunveiejiccn wej-c as nupple aa tb«ir limbs, 
Jklotntroae deU^nniiied. however, to unravel tbe tren9'>n 
and deii4Mincv Uju traiioTB, aiid bo wa« mubt anxious 


uaxrfinsf AMD the covkkantehs. 


Uiat ihv PsrliEEHinit nfiunld m«rt m Nu^t-fiiber I6IO. 
(towbkh time it had bocn prorogiic<l fi^m Junr,^ and 
that Ui« King tLhoulit (h- prct^-iit in T>Fr>fOn, whrii ho in-^H 
t«ode<l, fir^U to deur hiitip-df frum tlie a»pvr>>om ca^t^ 
ti|iaD Iiiin UK a *' tmi-kslTiltr in ilic L<niuc,*' and tlicD to 
pnfiir Ml iin|wsdime-iit rvcn ngaiii»<t tliu nioet powiTfiil 
if Itc fctmd th« proofs «nffid«Dt. 

Uut MomrtiAe, timrb too«piJL-tit nndopeniocwpewitlt 
hJK u'ily opponeiiU* or to conduct a Mcbcijbt* o( tlu' kiivd 
in such tlmc^ even Montrow felt the n«*r«<diy of wiw- 
tiuii, Att yvi Iw hud uu hcct^hK (nuttvitlj^UiiKliuK the 
calumny ngoitivt liim) to the Kiiig*a car, and be re* 
i]niivd In \w bnc-krd hy n powrrfnl }Mrly, and irri^ititi* 
bly anined nith proof, vtv hr could cflWtiiaDy pn-fcr 
thiH piiMic iLCCLisatiun- Var llie fftctioii lind adopted, 
hi tbt'ir own favour, vnrious; arts anftrirut ieattHg'Oitik- 
inff (most tyrannical inxtniineuts iti their hands, as we 
y,'\\\ 6ti(I). ct mcanurL' ptiiiitt-dly dirccti^d Bfpiiiut all hImj 
migtkt in any wny impugn Ibcir proi^ccdiugn- Now, 
whtn it ufi? discovrrcH thnt Monti'ow wba ** very bani 
to hi- ^ujdi^d,'* hia eiieiiiitfc were tver mt the %tntHi to 
bring liirn under voine of lbc««Iawle$«covcDni]Ungacis 
egninst " incflirlinruV nnd IcnsJri^'nuikrrs. Of hiscHti* 
ud piiAJtiuii Montro^f binihdf trdtb perfectly ui^arv, and 
wh^t li? did wiM tbi^ : 8oiiK-f iiiu- in tb<^ nioulb of July 
164^0, lie frnint'd a rvrtHr-rrafia" hartf/, tn \rhirh he ob- 
tainH tlitr »i|{natun'S of various Doldemcn. chic6y bitf 
own ci}ruu'C'tii.»riH, iil Cui[jl>(rrniiuld« the hoiiAe of bi« tc- 
laiivi- Fltiuinp, Knrl of U'igliHi, Montrojbc wji* ih)W 
diHridedly luiiiked by the Covwwittlere, or ibe few wbo 
roprcswnu-d lliom, na iiiimlcal lo tlidr Htbemcs, thouf^li. 
from cuDnin^ jwlicy, they Mill nrtatncd hini, iiud other 
IciyulUtn. iu thdr tnilitary (omiTuiiuU- liiU Moncraa^ 
resolved, in hj£ oun iniud, that, nt far as his influvnce 


Moymoat's Monv&ft and cBJKCrs. 


could piwail, thai ttrtuy should uot vnh Ihf- Kin^ "f hie 
prrmgntii^vA, To the bon<1 abovc-mcntionrrf he hn«l 
obUiin^t Among otht^r itupoHant Kl^imltiri'H, thAt<.if thu 
Litulfiiftiil'(ii^»eriil hin^^elf. L<irU Aiuoinl, wliu waa 
Mxruiid in ci>mmiii]<i undi^r Lrvlir, Thuii iMonirone 
hopcti to huvir savt^il the Ktii^ from ony dcfipi-ratc dp- 
fJ^n^ of Ihift iuvttiLion, And aUo to have hound tof^c-thtr 
m party to Mipftori h\s nm\'i%^iim't\ o|ifH>Aiticiti in tlit- 
riiKmiJx Purli^iujeiiu TWn incnKurc of nc-ci-hsity, the 
Irur history and detflild of whit-h have never been re- 
corded, IH vngnrly rrfrrrcd Id hy Iho^e ininiii'Bl to the 
riiiiTi.- uf M'^htrofie, in order to prove main duplicity 
ugainul « cburActer natiirully a@ tnnhriil and fearle^ as 
ever fdl n vicxim to fut-tion^ CoinpeJIed us be wu!^ to 
imuiueurre for hU Kin{f. rn limes when loyalty scnrcc* 
]y dnrrd to manifest it«el1' in Sei^Unnd, we will 5nd thai 
fvr the «iicct>«ful ronduct even of this sIrnCjigrm hiti 
iMtutCT was totally unsuilcd. The terms of thi* bond, 
nnd the rensuDH for it as^^i^ied by Moiitrone htmwJf, 
vilJ be Inid before the reader, when wv nrrive at the 
dreumstanooH wrhieb hrniighl the mntler premntnrely to 
li^ht. Ill the meazktJme we loiibt foUuw him with the 
invading nnny to Newcastle. 

An;>'1e aet<^ fl« whippcr-in to Ihr Scoleh army, btit 
ntvrays found an exctise for not joimn^g K in pirson.^ 

* Raillia ipvn* ji iu»f uiiuBm|r ftccauni frf AcftyVB ninip«3|ED> wtib 

B«vlck lliut riobli'maa Jill iiul ut:i.-onipaDy tbvru ; liul^ ATjiyh' viitt>»vnl 
tnr to thv tfvBfy of iJtmi*. dti u-ilf'-mt Aim n'liir wi>ul't minil in Rivr^ 
Iw nma boH vl op Ua Mtlin rhp hitJ. but ii-itrM hUffu^iiv wlOibLiij/' 
Uk ptculuLf proviHe, hnvnir, r^m ^ tu be niiuiit Siirlinn.tu tbv bunrl 
flf lb* ( (v alwiiyii rvndy in jLuhaidkM fcir imrv)w<t^ ■nrldcr^lt. 
bfr W« trffin to our ^fvlr-ii,tl$, [t, tf. «U |i«4CMiblf iutJiiivrl ■od w«U<lii^ 
pMfai pmcnt'] ur buCfliiEUit<i//n>B''> [■, ^'ull ctmivrtmlir* Cuvvumic r^ 



A KfpivtnNi* nrmy, numfTical))- consider^ vni 
Iciil^h aMvemblnJ, aitd t-iR-auipnl -^i Vhv^-\aw <or l^ou* 
wk-y) wfKHl, Timr Dun^r, where it rcmatucd far»omt 
WMJcb^ ii|i|Ktr\>lJily indoubtwhHber to virtiliirr upoatJir 
bordnv. The ^ener^l Coinmilb^, whidj iiu^v govrnofd 
ScotJmii), linil been divirkd into two part*, one wbecwf 
v/a^ ik-^tiiied tu atteiitj l}ic innreh, nml Uk' other to flit 
at borne. A (tcpulntion was seiit from the army to tl* 
i<m'n of >^iiibtir^b to |>e1it]OU fur iiioiiry, and tbU w^ 
tlic old cljqur, RolbeH, Loudon, otid Mr ArcfaibsU 
Jobii!^tr)M. They wrre Aniioux tiUo (o obtain IJueu for 
CetiU> " be<^viee/' they ^aid, "it would bt fnfuffijfiijfliMt 
to tliOHv of KiigluTuI, who Wtrre much ddigli ted with 
tbvir pliinlJii^, If our artny should eiit dcm^n limber far 
builtJMi^; IluIa," A fanatical DiJuifiteraixLa euujfn|f«tkiQ 
of urouicij afibrded inaehiDery suffideut to rt^alize ibj» lat- 
ter ex pcttut I on ; itiLiJ, ueeordingly^ " Mi'nry Poliot-k h: 
fiOAweetly spokei> into the people a idiqiIei on the Sundu] 
thut the women, aftJ^rnoon nnd ti*-mi>rrow, gitve free] 
grent i^torr i>f thnt htulT* nljii<u^ i*iiHu-}ent to cover 01 
trhole army." The depuutlon alio collected m h 
wnu of money, tiieir lio|>eH of uMistauiv from Englnnd 
havin^^ been grievously diKappointcd. However, tb^| 
fiK-tinn wrtH not to be inmed aside from this merct-oary 
cruaude uguinht tJie " H^'tigiou auU LLbertieti'* uf Koj 

Jit innhi' ai/witl»nii1 din nttin'h/i'i'tritr4,liv^hi* urvjtnny trrrrmfB thmt 
ii}llil oi« Ut o*H thvFTf »ii> III (lie TL-jir — il wni tKmrj^Ni ihu ixiualry 
Euubiu*] wu ULuiu xTDod of iho bo'trarirj/ u/ hii BifihitmditTt^ dw 
an}' uLhcr ivrror h ^htut*^ «>f (lie F-n^l]*!! [I(ut (xuiv tc> viilf OTir<ttaip 
ffur uiucli wiLh uJfalmL^4Pn tj^h^ fhcio mijij>Ip fLtU^^WB^ with thtir pliiii 
iijrjf^. nnd flrtfliuilm," l>[i tlio M."fornJ eiiptJklon, nffan nU iK* fijfJiQi 
n ifurf, anJ (W l^Vf^nnnfrrn 111 tiii^h rtnlCiitinn tKjit, wj-^ fSii«)iic, " 
vhall ^ f»r QUfir/i<rt fbir i-mtugli ^looiliTlon*; biiT It will bi; Fa uiir, 
riitHl if wo iiwt Tnii a WA* A'wip'* <Jo«ir"'<iw«i to Hiir A-j/i/h'umj/'— (i. r. 
r^wbyttrrUu mixJvL!! i^iVD> tiv at^liK— " Arnylo, witli 11 tirvr* bain) 

eMol,\nd ikvauku, I6id. 


land* ** fmni whence," adth their too hdnest cljroniHcrr 
"tbefv wae ao r:(|WctaLiuQ of tnouvy till we went (a 
fH<h it" ll was soinr^linie during thii^ jmiiae. h^^twtxt 
ihi^ miifitrring of the unny and its cmi^^ing^ the borH<<rS| 
ihiii Montro^o framed aad obtained nguati&rcs Co bia 
oonMTvaiive Iwjiid.* 

The litlk crooked Felt-Ma reh a I, engaged to 1ij;ht in 
Ui€ lending rttHngn of n cckvenatitirkg oomtnittcc, now 
aipiiD saw hjniu'lf riiirroiindrd by that motley horit of 
black (Towns nnd hhio bnuncts n-hich composed t.ho fflu* 
Innticul runkn of IJic kirk-iiLilitaiit» ami not a hhlii of 
Ibtm vrilh n ccrtoiu or i^ane view of their precise plag 
•fill p^trpnnr. Seizing that iLttitiidi.< of mingled doubt, 
wid dariiiK* ^nd fear, and hravado, some wjg of the 
day bjiH embalmed the Scol^ invuiliiig aruiyot' 11340 in 
on imnKjrUl bullridr niostd<<seriptive uf its extravagant 
2iiiimut aiid uncouth airay: 

UMnhl Unniil 

Why th^ dffvil dn y* no march } 

Slud tn your ■rmH) mjr )nd#, 

Fif(lit ^n IfiHjrl un^L-r ; 

Fntiil ■Imut )v iaui»k#ivm all 

Till yv com* to tb* Ed^IUIi bardvri 

■ Ht WltLvt atiit^*. (imt MiintriiiiP wn* blMfitit wlivn ch* rvlvl itrtny 
MOic in Uii> (IvItfiiuiCLiilion rn unMlhrTwrOvnt, «n'll^i^ pil(t>k— " Wfiicb 
KHilnrinn nf H^vtro tliv ebitrf ul liiif CuvvAnntvn liiul tmUrn up in tiiMr 
nhiiwt iwuu«1i morv tljmi ^ii *ri<vka horfirt. and In tliql piirpcwv Itad 
b*«Q bunyiD diviit|[Siy ihrunfir'^ ^^^ Ciroi^t UrLuUn iholr ii|ifiiir;^ik \wni- 
phlvl*, ^«rpby Thi-y iMTi^tiPr-! E" nft a K^"«i "pun lli"- rnvtnm nf Hi*ir 

W tOvU nut luuildi Hioilii ELuT ■wni Eu (I»h|)[j'uvi.'. Mui>ir<iip4'uiJi- 
BMBiliHi In tfaii vtiny 1^vc■ (limiimirJ fixif niid Tivu huiKlrvil liui*c; Fiix 
ftSMkctifvfaD VcfcmiHt oblli^vii unto Mm. anil hait^frliiEi-iiiilT ^mtmJHvd 
«h«ir bwit tDdMVeura Id iJiv Kinjt'i hfvIov^ Lad the mainiAtu} i»r Qw 
■baiiiaiid nniv{ «iid truly, if n icii«t priH i>rtlium bud turi \tLva won* 
Ukb thrlr ifrtnl^ ihiiy liEul rll^rr hrnii^ht Ckv whulc Hrmy ulODg vllb 
hm U ihfl k.iiifc, or ni Inur NjijI hrokon thi? nrrk nf tbi? CorvJiutprt' 


SuiH J fjll't ■nil G){lii like luD, 

Tlic l^lrlbfljUutV blyiliv tu tro ut %* comhig — 

Wf'JI pur^ji" ;i Ukii fvtrtm, 
PMd j>o|>l»h ri'Itqupt, aatl ■' %^c knno^lilldn, 
Thut ■' Ihi' imrli! amy »■* 
Tborc'a rni^v in (liv rijElil>bul wv 

Of 111 U IhUIJ I^uLtiltl llftllUIL 

Jviiny nbjill v/atv tbo hood, 
Jiiokoy^ ihn nrk of tiod* 
And Ihc kM f'lu at whittth^ * 
Thhl mikk *ii- h rti-ir[>— 

Obaj Ijuu l^Ji/uik', 

Bunk up your |itiili)a, my ]diI<I 
CdiJc up jout boTiTii-t*; 

AVbeutabouttbeniMdleof JVupiist,) thcCoi 
lirni't'il fit tbif Tu'ttnl. a ciLriuii.i ncvfit^ and facidcnt^ 
currt'd, for whwU we huvi' iIk' ntitbority of James Gor- 
lion* aiid also of Bal]li«i who w&s with the nrmy. Tlie 
chiHs were DBftL'inblivJ, and "dicewi*recnsi*"loiii'<t'miiop 
wliich t<)iiiuld fir&t |niss ibroitgli lUc river lliv Jg( fvJ 
upon Moiilrxise, Ellherit wnu soinnnngi^d loU'SI hb wrU- 
liuguesb, aitdcuinmJt liiiu compicuou^ly Ui the rebeltiou, 
or the firrtune wna Tt^nmrkahic. AU the ctMitempontrjr 
accounts [-oiiK'iilr irt Ihi-fr ilr?j(-ri|itiun i>f Ihi* nliim't)^ 
with whicJj our hero Gt^t the example to the wbokarniy. 
" He wvni on foot himself t&i>it throui^ht and fvMimed 
to e/icitHroge h'la invii." Thc^rt- wao conaidcrabltf dau' 
gvv in the nttumpt. for tbi- stri-'nrn wiiv su xlroiig thit 
soiiio of ibc liorw were ofttTwni^^ ^tutiooed in ibi- 
water to break the forcv of tW current* aud out* of^ 
Hontrose** suldk-rs was drowoeil in the puseiage. Adi* 
matvd, hoHcvcr, by the j^alUutry with which Ik liftd 


pftfd^cil ntul rcpo^siil. '* boold und rill," Lht* wlioTe 
nrmy prepartd lo incur once Iho risk he thus iu- 
oirrrd ihrici*. '*Aii(l eo," eaye I^aiIIil^ "we passed 
T»'i*rd the 20lh uf August with ffrttit ctmrage^ our 
hoi'M' troop8 Kiniiiling iii thcivjilcr, oiii- fool nil wniiti)^ 
hi onli'i* alKiut thuir riitd<lli^." The mi§ernble aH'tiir of 
Ncwbuni. wlitfi-e Lord Couway soarcifly dispulcU ihe 
possflgr of ibi- '^y■■^^ t-nnUed the Srol^ In fn^^irn with 
iifi)Miiiity uj>on Ncivcfl«ilr, aiitl nHWik-<l thi^ni ihc p]i> 
utkttiotis of a groat viclory. Sir James Turu^r (appa* 
rnilly the i»rotoiype of Rit-muslfr Dii^aUl Ihil^-lty) 
liuppcikvd ot tins time to he rctuniing from im'iveiiary 
icfvict.* abroRi), nod ivns roving niiywhciv for a new 
ruintiiutiiler. So hrtstujnbled upon tbe v jc to rious Scots 
It Nrwvn^llc. w1ier^« be says, "I found this success 
bad elevalod Ui^ minil^ of my rountrj'men to ^urh a 
height of vaniiy that inotc of them ihou^hi, nnd rnaoy 
•aid. tbt^y uliould qnictcfy mnke a full eonqiiesC of Eng- 
land ; but time hntb Muvvn thein eince that thiy mad« 
ihi-ir n?ckoriiaji witlioiii Iheir ho6l.'* • 

In nniit: nf Ihi* iu'touiit.-* iii' this pusfiuge of the Tyne 
do we find >ny mt^Dtion of Montrose- The alFair ap- 
peon to bave been decided by Lestie'c judirious ma- 
nagt^mrnt of bi^ " deur Sundie's gtoups.^'f Jtwnn to 

• Wbca Ibt}' amc urtually (o rcallu thtj fruiu of djcir ultfCQtunBj 
HilllWt I pnMtmv chtf Svmax woThlLy. ihe tnoHl cunMiieniiiidAj «ih] the 

dii^n' K"*^ hirTtiiir, in tltr iMii' spirit i>f' ilii' *'h(iiw. iiiifl 'jf in* i:4]iiit1ry- 
■ LJOOjWKi ftl''rliit;(-'^*<iN>]Lrtf miTk* fM-uU, ! im ^.rrffy ram latiuritmd^ 
iH^da ill* IJHtO^OOO wfrLiLB Uv our iinnj iNu^^ |f»4l Uiiir n^nrirlu. ^nd 
LXftgDOO SvotUp^ Cut ibu blih juurith OLPiuiiig* Vvt ibi' bvorLy |(Jvlii]f of 

^Ltttrrt a^ JoumaU Thv)^ hd'I ci'TTfllnl) " flonc lo fpK'h ll" ta btmu 

t llwontr Dvitifrn nfMonimv In Uic C:<»TiiniiatL-n'alii|)AtebnlaM 
faUaw^i " H'li«li th^ Army auDC Iq ihi^Jr oig^ht's L?Ji|ru0 lit HwburD- 




lhe[r own niltr aoidzemeni tliai ihc ScQto obuiurA] 
Uib eftfl)' pueMeKfioij uF .Vvwi-u--ll7-, " not wri) knowtn^," 
911^ Bnillit*, with ^n-At ■implicit}', " not wdl hngwini 
what to do nc?it, ytl flii^ is no n^w thin^ to ut^ 
many a time fi'om thi; btghitiing we b^ivv Imn hI n voi' 
piu^r — Q>^*U ill some- tribulntjoii nt the kw^ proraiwd 
wi«ih-iniKe frtim England filjll fnjljng them, he niUt, 
" if wc tFoiibkin thi' /«7jff ifdr^thecifumryorKnglaiid, 
we ureJtMred for th*^ir nKJtig ngoiitst m." 

W^ have now lf> rrcnrd thr secret history of 
coi^servulivr pTau8 of MuiLtn.i^i:', who (wttli \jatd 
pier and u few olber loyally -incliiit^ Co\-ctiatitore) 
noininnfly iitid olfidjiHy :x inoiiilHT of the covcnsnlinf; 
committee (hat accompanicil the army, Ihouf^li ucxtr 
ronRuKeil, nor ndinitied to the free raaMor^'x^f tho 
Ycdutionury jutitu.^ 

fu^l, tliv g«uvml »d^1 lioulviuiiu^b-Donilt £ari or HcntnM^ LofdrJ 
uieIahoip frv with ilivin^wtiriJ ic**iiitr ^i'"'*^^ ^'^^ ApI^ t«7Wttnib lltf ' 
an l%n^ll»h cro<qiiip]'"''^"'^ abovy tbc^inicf-bnwwitJilii a than 
af Elitjii, Bnib hflJttil hi] auirio iimrr (if uuf hiifin Okiiv ap,fliHl 

• 1'hc iFL-ulj' oninnH'rinrtl iit U>p]i:>ii jn CMohur 10*0, nnif •bvillf iT 
IvrwitriK |crt3utZ)i iu ih« ndtimtiiKV of itui oorTvqiuuiUn|r lhniiin«, «■ 
rvnovod 1o Lrjrn^ldiL Uiiiiup|i Guchriv,ii|ki«kin|; of thvBOiEfdf Itwi 
mlltcL' wi»b Cht nrmy nt Nvwcnsili^ n)v^ — "Jiv&n of (he HubiJltj, in< 
Aji Mniitrnv. F-nkiiiL', Dninimuail^ and r^rJii^n, fpiqmllnfl Xrttm^\i^t4\ 
Ihnt tK^jr wrrc npulr^lAl in tbff miiltur nf i-'nnsultjirimi, lUid U^l 
ncia WW vuuttWtJ And Cdtrlcd nti bf d tow.* 




TowAitiM th« end of Ihc monih of Seplcnihfr 1 640, 
Mantru« cunUivrd lu truribmit a K-th-r tu iljt Kiiik- 
" In Uk time oi the tnicc («^y« Dr H'ixljnrt) Moutrost 
had urnt Irltrrn unto ihr King, profr«sing hi^ fidelity, 
and lautt dutiful and ready ubeiiieiici; (u liU Majcwly, 
i»irdi<l (Iw IclliTH colli nin ntiy tiling clur, T!h'»c (wing 
nUkfcii nu'jiy ill the niffJil, nmJ cnpi^l nul hy ihc Kin^'n 
own bed'cbamWr men,— men moat endeared to the 
Kinit of JiH till" wiirld, — wcrv st'cit bock by thtm to the 
CoV4'iinirtrrv ul Neucti^lli.- ; nud il wvfj tht' f^tshJon wjlb 
tbo«e ver^ men lo comniunical« unto tlic Coceitantera, 
from dny ti> duy. the King's ittcMt scirret I'tiiini^ilH, of 
wbicJi they theinstflrcs only were citlier mithoni or pnr- 
IJtlren.'* * A*Tnr<iing tn Somler^on, ihJe treachery had 

* |ii«linp 11um^r, ill hi^ Mf^mnirH nf t}'P iliiLikr nf iUnulli>i>, jvwiU 
l9Vr Jtiror* Mptt^ ** -ti*! ofTi-n vuiith brtnjo miut) ullrjt^u^." thnT 
CoivflBOtBn abtiuuvil tboir VuuMr1«d|[* of HiMlltiiViV cunvpHHut- 
■4tb lliv Kiiie,>ini|it; by mvuniof Nvrc«i k4viiift rvul iUi 4iJiJri.w 
of Kfootruiu'* U.-^bt'» u ii [irX'L^iMital])! futL Iw iLiu |(ri>UDi|. Uunivl uliEk. 
vkboblrjuttTb/uulWh) jJLM.U'iiiiflhrL'hli'iic'Enij'tlidnt^'vniuiriiiiri.-cmk- 
SUlftv'' Alnnfrn^' rfinL<'i tn'! pr^^Hiiroil a rr^y>f iIio Irrl^t hj* viiil hv had 
I, kfld crui'nf /JUf<iw»4 ■ml »•' ttii* mtter WM ]lA*«c«l tfvt." ThlB 
ia bf H^y iif tflTLiiH Uiv I KHrvU>r gf Hmnitlun, iu»r !• Iliv ilivr^ 
IWicy vf much fftpu^^'jgf'n"^ ivp >1i*rttn>»*' Hul lln* viidwn'v o( Moii- 
|>w'> <lMiplfela» to BtruUM^) «-ijrru1mr«W<l by olbL-n, U lu Iv p/vti;rrDd Go 
BqrD«<V !ip*]']inj{ rvaidi, " I4W) — vmni cudu livn tlm itifi ICinjf 
n imdfr umf nuj/ialaa of hb rubk-n/fi'ta (b(x!-cliBmbi!i nipn,) tbul 
thtf TTTrr rrrriliin. Trhnt thf j fimnj litm ihr VdI>> whilk I hf^ 
vol.. I, X 



bccfi iQtirigfftird by tUt" Mflrqni^of Hamilton, and Bi* 

iliop Guilirir ftt-rlam Unit MiMilriKW himKi-Jf, ** profrv 

dug lo bavc ctrlmM inoH^rtfgr ihcu'of, aflinncii \\"tU 

limm JMurni)' [ttio mrutiin- of UmnlUiAi] wmi the inii 

wbo. in OctolMTT 1G40, mtuI lo Ncwc-utlc the cupt^of 

bJA letlrrH, vrhk-li lie hiul wrtttcti to the King then tX 

York." JbiJIlifV nix'cJitut of llu' TiutU-r i* as followit^- 

** Somr of onr ofHc^^ra bec&fiie maJ-coDtvnU ; wbnt aikd 

our officrhf iH not yvt vtl\ kiiowii, only {^foairtiM-, ^liiH« 

pritiff}oi^^9g}^was\ntohf9hic,atl^ Iticaning vetythiaM* 

f\il, Ufftf Jound lo hav^ Inicrcoureo of Icnc-rs with the 

Kill);, for ubicb bt- wub itccuNctl imblidy liy thi.' j^urnt 

in Uie fuc« of tb« cocnoiitUe. Wh bcd-fellovr Dnis- 

monfl, bh i<ini«iii l-lrming, bin ally Htiyd, stid fiMp nmf 

OfAffT^t WfTvlbouKbt loo much tn beof hishiLDaour- Tlie 

coobi«4s of tbe fpXKl oW ){(-fitfful and ibe dUiffenee^tkc 

prf^e/ifv^, dial iibartly r^st wat4<r mi tliin ^|nitik U^n* 

ninj^ untimeou^ly to Dmokr." 

It van the iiiht^Tit nml feniirasiiMterllon by .Muiit 
flf bin ri^it to htild » |mvulv cormpoudvittrr nilh 
SovcTOgn, Chm pnrfllyjr^:*! hi* nocnsen, nnci cnuscil thrm 
tohe»"oA TiiQTjya time from tlie bc^niiTn^t bey had been, 
at a nQn-ptus" [Uuiilion may hare enltfriaiued hopei«f 
miniiJ^ MfinircD^e by thU iliitrtovurc'r '■^x^ evrtJiinly ihf 
covenant in jf faction weit most dee irou* of aD oppo 
tunity to rid ihem^ilvea for ewr of a noblein^ii wli 
Inh-TitH. rfjiintjct-, riiid indiiJi'iidiTiei", wt-re so ruririidu 
ti>tbcm< The oceatii>tj at tir»tnp[K--irod to fnvour tb 
OfaJ«ct< Leslie's nrtieles of war deereed that " no msn 
ahnll nt liin own Imiid. ujtbout ^I'^i-eaut uf ir^y Lvrdfl 
GvnL'rnJ, ba^T or kcrp iotuUigenec with tke tncm/f, \f^ 

Jlrrv wH* rnJi (-ir by^ »*> ImiK ju Im kf^fwil itif Mtti^mt i/ IltunHton fc** 
«jdv liiiii-" LituU, N-cniriiri NU-h^itMA. ctml <'bHr)vB liuhanl^ nil iHttt irU- 
iitfH 141 iliir fjKi ni hit M^Miy Ivlii^ n |iivy to tliU m^n (nliiLecnvcor 


Apvedi, It'tt<?r8, iifffiii. or any otiier way, m^d^^r Iho pain 

confiidfreil the enemy, niii] a loynl corrc-npiMM^-ncc w ith 
tlu- Suvereigii, ajidrt fLoiu t\\v fucliuit, was irirjiftoii l>y 
Uitfir code. But when Monlrose L>olUly jubtiftcd ihv act. 
it watt imp(M!«ibIr- to gaiti-iny liiin. For (liose snnie 
nnirK^ i»f wni', tnu* to the ^yslciii of tlu- CovitiniiU'rH, 
H^li<« never Minck a rebellious bJuw nithuiit lu«i |inj* 
dftiming Oud siavi? th{< Kiiifc. crrnitaiiutl iIiim jirovision ; 
"If any inao «hal) o/m'a Am TTJont^ a^int-i iha^Kln^b Mik- 
j**ly's pcrnoii. or 4i"t/rGritf/. ov ^haU |>rt.-9itme tu toucli 
bM sarrvii |H-i^iitj, Jie .slijill Iie? pucli^lK1] iin a traiUir ^" Su 
the matter vaded for the linl4^. 

liiii tht* Karl of Ai^ylc was iioE tolicoitumauceiivred 
by sucb a duiracier as Mtjntn&H-. Tliu j>riv;*tiT tmnd, 
wliicti iliv iuUir nodualii llntltTi'fl Jiitn^Jf would lie the 
iii«ttti« of fqiviijg the cniiairy, wai^ ubo t^jMU'dily djs- 
cx»vered» aorl brou|;ht bdore tli« Comttiittec at Edin* 
burgh by Argjlr hiitiHiOf. Oni- of thp jM-Tth vvhoitigncil 
it W88 yoiHig Loiil Jioydt Mofttro8(-'» " oily," anti ihe 
■on-in^aw uf iJie KarJ uf ^Vlgton, Lord Boyd died 
ahimt the 84th yrar uf tiM agi> Vm-urding ti) Sir Jninch 
Baltbur iu coiiju c^uorico of a " bdiniiii; fever,") ou the 
19tti Novembi.'r 1640. Sboidy befuie hia drath he had 
utieml i-mttv t-xytrexiioxt^t which »iad<- known (liatsut-li 
ft bond estinted. Argylc, with t-hnmetpri«tic sagacity, 
diecoTiercid tho ivhole Ht-crel, He iinid a viHit ut Oil- 
IcRdar.t where Lord Aiuoud hadurrivud fur a timt? fi'uia 
bi« eonutiand at Neii'ra!<tk\) nor did he do]>art without 
i^bUiniaf; nil tfir infonnatina of ^vhJch he wq» in qiu«h 
lieUid tho jnatt^T befoie his kubsui'vient CoMuiiittee at 
HdJobut^h, u'hif inJtrtedialL-Jy auriiiritmi'd MuiUrove, 
then in &cy>thind, and the reirt of the noblrinvn impU- 
rntrd, and wilhiu ihc-ir n:arh, to njipcfir and aiisn'cr to 
this Jiew accn^ti<>ii *if irvasvii a/^ainflt the factiun of 



KolhoB, ttnd the ^ovommtnl of Argyll, Mozilrow 
upon tliia uuv'iHioti ucIclI vritli tilt- KiitiicrrKil innvfiidil^ 
trhkli lir iuvarinhly d^iJlnycrl uhcn pUccil in a danger- 
ous |>o«ilioi] wiih llio jxtrty AikxiutisCoctt-Mroy hrn,mMl 
not »cTup\iluu-i A« to iht m«a,a%. IIu tiruircti niul jiuir- 
lii-il thf* atrt- SpaUltuff ?m}-x, " Montrose proiiuced lh6 
Iwnd/' Hinh<»p Gnihric* account w, thut •' ihty ar- 
kuowleilgcrl ilie bond, and i^atv their rvHsuun why tiicf 
had joined iii it, nl! whitli wtrv rfjrcl<<<t hy Um Com- 
]i]jtti^% nrid they declared eerieurablc; aud iodeedaHoe 
of llic milijifrrx, nnd nfhrr lifTy spirits, presiaed tbat 
lljt-ir tiifH tai^hl git j'or il ; (lut Arj^yle ami hn (xim- 
niittec considered thfti lliey were Ino f>trong a |»ariy lo 
middle- with ihnt way, rApecinlly MH-mg divers of lli«ro, 
havjij^ the eoinmaiidH of re^'iuieiit^ in the nrniy, nnd 
tli^refoi'e they coiL«iUtc<l (o \i--x<k iLp the bmincse, opotl 
n drrfar/tfftift iindor thoir hatiilK ilmt Ihey intended n 
tbiiig nguiiiBt the public, togetbi^r with i aurreiMlfrii^ 
of thi? IkijuI. which the ConiniitleL' having gotten caincd 
il fo fjc hurnt" If tlu- lenm of i\\w Iwnd hnd bn-n M 
all cirscredluble to Montrose, or Juid it cODtainrd my 
IriterniM-rate i-xpre^ifins figaiTist " the CAiuk«," it nouljd 
have l>eeu priitled iu the sbape ofa pamphlet, aud c-ireu< 
lated 08 a meuiisof ngilalion ngaiiivt him, Hut their po- 
licy was tu *»xafeperatc the public JuiiKl by vagiw ami 
doiidy i-umoiu-s, to the eflect thai this wu a di&boli 
plot ngditist thp liberties of the country, nnd again 
thunrbacrcdaml toynlpnuriiileft which clmCovt-rLant h 
promulgated. TIip covenanting clergy were pAttic 
[nrly in(\iineil at thtj idea of u new Covenant nf which 
they were not the ogitaton, oitd Gtitbrie'ji rtatetimit, 
that these " hery ^plrit^ preJ^scnl ihat iheir Jivea mi^t 
go for it." la wtfU corrobcnited by the exprewjons tf 
Haillie, who calls tbii^t.-U4iaervativeattrjnpt» which 


-ibe kwltwf unu at a tymitiiical CLtuiiuJUee could uot 
FMcb, "MontrcMieKc/aiH^a^/^ band, by wlikh he thought 
to liavif *o^d uJi to /Ar favrnt/." 1 uii\ pot Aware that « 
<xi;>y uf thin bond uas hiihorto known to cxisi. Jt is 
/n-qui-otly ^illiidiJ Id jzi hjslory, but ihu lurms of it are 
110 whcrr qtioluil. Among thi; manuscripts of &ir James 
B«]four, liowcrrr, J hnvcbmi sofortEinulc n« to discover 
« tr«nac^n|>l, botli oflbi.- IhjuiI, iiuil ortbc^ubM-ijaent de- 
dantroti iiiculJOTitd by (Julbrie. These sh^ll now be 
laid ItrForp ibc ivudrr, thnt hi- inny jiiilf^ bow Air the 
Tiolmt eJLpii-fibioQS of the rewrend Covenanter were 

" The c^H»yo/'fAc itoud tubj^cribtd tft/ Mo/itrost' and 

- Wbcrooit we utidor-siUMtriberA, out of our dmy to 
Rrligioiii King, and ('oontiyr were fori^ to juin our* 
vrlvts ill n CovcnoiJt for th«- maintenance Qtid drf^nce 
of rttlKTH, artd t-very one of other iti lli;it Wlidf. Now 
finding hou" ibat, Uy yhv purticuiar and indirect prac- 
lisiitgof^ijhr, the rmintry, mid cauAc now depending, 
docfi BuimiebHuflf-r, dobcnrljly^ bLTeby, bind imdohbge 
ouiwirc*, out of our duty to »II these r'.'p^pi'clH above 
vitnl]on4.*d, bitC ihiitly mid niiint-ly /Jin/ Ci/trrrarit ttU 
ready aigocd. to wod aud Htudy oil public cndi which 
nay tend to the iiafely both of Krligiofj. Laws, and 
:rr1in,»r tUiv poor kiiiphnu ; utJiJ,:iH wc? ixrv touiuku 

Accouat bvton- that Gri'ut Judge at the laxt day. titat 
wt *UflH conlributc onr wiih nnoihrr, in a unniiinioiifl 
apdjuinl way, iit whalsr^mev^fr lutty coneein th« pubhe. 
or thlK <«iou.', to the buKcird of uur liven, forluiied and 
i%tat«s neither of Uf. doing, cona^ulUiig, nor roudi'icciid- 
i&ff in nay poiul, without the (;oii»eQ; uud itpprobatioa 

of tbv whvli<, ill so far db Uicy cim th? cutivruiriiUy liad, 
^ti4 time [ii«y aHow. Aiid UkvM wc Mn^eor uid pro 
ln% by the suiim* oathp lluit, in nu fnr us may cnOKiil 
uitli ibi? guvd ani) n-eul of Uic* pubtic, *:vvry onv «f 
UK tihtilf jinti oml ndticn- l» athvn, [each utljtr] 8ud 
tlicir JnU-n^Ur u^inKt aU pc^ivuiis mid ciiu^o wbntiv- 
crrr, so nhat nUaW bv done lo t>ni-, u'ith rcwrvaiitta 
fomRlii, t^lidll be «i|ii Tilly ri'-ociLlvd juid iJikt-uaa douelo 
the wbi>k- iiumtwr. hi witiiev* Lt^rcof, &t-." 

" Thr fxiWnlici^ nf ihr priiiH}Kil boud, iind in thi> 
order. Afarscljt'U, Muutruatv Wi^lou, Kiuf^um. 
Home, Atbol. Mar, Pi-rUi, lloj'd, f*alluH'ay, Storuioui, 
Stuforlb, KrKkirif, Kimibryr-bl, Aiiuuidp UnimmtiiLJ, 
Ji^huvtoii. Lour, 1>. Carnvffy Mastrr of lyour."^' 


* ** Tht copy ui tbe dt'cUrfttloD luUcTibtd by Mriuiituv Mkil Cu evt 
of Hie JKiblvmtiJ tluil •uWctlbvJ Fbi- tunil.'* 

iMmir dgainil tlic iwbEu', wlilch ludoi'Vil u* lo odIvt Ip • pttfCcolir lud 
iiDinajt uiinBl Wt unatvivv J Ityuj, itirt loin.' pr«jjiidkial loibp (!'-tpn«l. 
unil 1n*^iiw ttic ndwntiflc* of iLu fonminH (nii-4 ilid Wfvl>}~{jni[itiWi 
hn|>L-n, tbaC m* iNrrtiliy liiltfridiTrt A ■.liii^oh^ mfalrft niu mQ'T n ruJilrV} 
bo our iiiludn oii'l Liil«'iitimia. r.iul *Uo livitthvnmimiOov tliiiiiji^di rii 
rumlimr lo ttti^iii H} iiilvrjHitu t^Ji<ntwNd in tUv t^-iinn^ htK*vh. >■ "vU h 
li> hifi]} tlih' LQuulLik uE'uELf tumjijc'ii ciiuurii't, ■■ l<i r\-TiJuvv hll I'dur tpk- V 
t«kiii(E> HTjfl j»^'[k]nv(ir ilivlkums ibcrvrnr« W4-, t/i friv aurw^m dftll 
*uchBij5pktoiUb4niJ to lutify oar ^arciv aUkIIod lo llw puhZii^ ikclAtn 
f ^iif wluiE WM ikanf by ti^ "^ mlucrihrnff tlwf boml, W rlun? not nf Bo 

bnoJ tlHioU Itnwd no ulI«?ii(v|o ai.i> r>orttki* m t'n^ prvjuj^iv i*!' l!wpu^ 

(hv |*iiL*]l<: tii'hin>f j Hill] tLal no jivl^U'^k'^s tniftbikiii^^ vr iji^ri^jUfiiiDf* 
W vitii.irr.iiiikvrj l>y ua lii-roafti^f. bill l]i*l alt mad ci\'r^~ one uf iM.jnii 
in llii' iiutlonu] I'rjivi-jiitiil, tnuvi nn^^jnUii^ ii* wc urr oEiH^i^l, ►»*■ Inir 
jfcrhnc lu PJh^ (lukhp til l\\'- iimiiftt-iiiiiico i^f ti-lijjion, kihtc. un-l tvuiLt 
■tmll tnrbvH all i.-i.i.'Jivuitk wb^li uuiy |[i*v ibuw i>1 ufl'L-uiv tv Ihv put 

ir*lin(viinpwly<!wLArt^ ^iiU^TibeUai HtUiibtirghi V&ib uf Jwiuvy IMII' 
" Tlw KiliMribftPi vf (bJ» tl<duru£iLiii an thmu : Mat, Uantf«Hb VT^ 
I0D« Klugburii, lU^Liic. (JhlJvttiiy. FHnf..rij |->4kmc\ Kiirnhnxblr Druoi* 
mmda JolinBtoa, LifUf-'—VrnmilH ,*/.S\V 1:1. -l./^-rfulVj* IsAnttf. 



OrU>e Earl of Mar, Itaiiiic, ivriUng in thcyc»rtIitiL 
nUTPmrH hrlwixr 1h;tt »f ttir- i^viMiiiiit nm) iho tlaitx 
)i Uiitt livikl, oWnrv4», " SiJrlin;; waa in lliu linud ofuur 
frit-wt tilt- Barl of Mitr. so «ve touchtj tf Tiol." and 

ppoii tlu: drivelling tannticiNm tjUDtril below,* when Kc 
jfouiid l»til Erykiiur^naiLietooat th<.''~iLatiiiLjrbk'bftDil.*' 
Tlic fiu't t^ llial ihrre was ii<'il!ii*r uiiuuiiutiy uor sauiiy 
of r()i|]i«tilUlifitial iJl" (*hn^Uur| 1W-litig in \)w «l'i|Eilliil tu- 

miADting fcreouri nmi thuKc wlio sigitt-d tliis new bond 
had a belt«rr right to t^syW ihcrnaelvi^s pure CoiviiAuters, 
Ifasn tbtiM* by wliipiii H uuh eit'crutt^d, Kur Uit* Covt- 
buwt it>cif brvaibcJ tlic very i'*»cncc of loyally, and, bad 
3lo<i1n»ii- .leqiiirr'il ihc |i<nivr unilt'f a loyal bond of his 
bwu, ;iiul tiieldtrtl tbat (jo^ver in bii|>j}or( uf tliv Kiiig'tf 
sulbuHiy ugiiiu4t a i]t?miK'rutk- fuelioir, bi- wtntld only 
fcarc jr<livini.\l i\w <.'uvi.'n;itit truiii ilie ubLiheoril by a 
kifw, aiMl bronglit it to the |nirity of iia original profeo* 
LkMi^ HmI btf ftucoL-vdeil in <k<t<Lru}unjf a t^nbat of foe* 
lionUl^ irbu unerc uorkjfi^ out llicir owl fortuin-h bfs 
Liud tbe Covctianl, Inn bond riiuld not bnw bi^u ealled 
B ** ilhUivir moiloji,'* *ubvenivv of iIht Coveuaat- But 
%c/ulitd^ and iberriu cun&iAUd hid cHmv. fur tliu Cuvr- 
^ont liad ri^durtsl ibi- cwuitry to \h\v^ tbat might waji ih^ 

• • While w* wTff* in»rim* |ii#^of pM«plv«irf,wv wmw tu^Hlarijrflm»> 
r|ifM^ t!al iu lli> vtv]r iriAljirjI ai \\\v h]ari^ni>Vdt|Anurv(frojixllJB A^ 
Ijr, IA^.>B wrj "uMiryfiuih^ vf i,'n?atviLfji^nkTluu,mv lj>ri| FrokiJkt^. 
' Aiii|loiro« *f u», ;>mfa«if U'rM IttitK lijt f^ri-nl jEiinf, rliiE, ^l^jiin^i 
I fcilBfli' ^ktt^hi* aiw ni»nV. ^«' hmi u-irhhnliLviL Li* ti.iihJ IromuurCcv 
«l4 p»f»on fpni*» ("tr |n^i-1tiij{>^ bnouulrl %ttfn'i^ Cht-atjitr ti'itit, 
hk rtft niichl he fiifgiyeii hmi, Hnd entrAit?i) lntiiilJy vo tn>»]d imw 
hioi tit our t-'flVHhKnt hdiI SijcitfEy- Wv aU vioLnicvd him gtwdtr* 
.«dttir«d tlip f^vrODUiW of (tiHr« tva^vfti rinJmercitM l*>>viijj* u^" 

Ho^rrsosr avd TUfi covkwanters. 

After xWa Tain anfinpt bsd expMed, Montrose, ii|i- 
oa wham OtK whake odium fHJ, iviunjcd tu llitAna/ 
at Xtira«Ur, wad dvrag the tcdioiu n^otliiElioos 
of thv traty, «o diipacpffll to Scotland and ^tal tu 
Cliarfc*. be wm au^iuu.illy ]>a»iiig Mwixt the canip 
and Scolljtid. until a nrvr crim brmight him pgnSn in- 
to ci^ttUioi) vriih ibe oamipot^tit Dtroctorjr tbtrot vlioR 
audjicity rote in prvportiou to ibe ftucc^sa of tbfir dk 
(iluinuci- at IrfiDdott, and tbclvxariout fteeurlty of th^ 
cani|j at Nvwcasllr. Thtn iras, indvcd^ a bope 10 
wliirb Moulro»c *tUJ dus;, Dantely, tliat If <1)itr1ri 
wouJJ cDinc to Scxitlnnd, (n lir had hoR iutcui^(4> 
tliuu|(h di'trrn:!) by ibo rtots in KdJnburgb,) to Tiolil lb« 
PnrlJJiment In pvnon, and would gtand firmly by lii« 
oviii }»ri-n>^-iliviv, Uvaaoii mi^t yvi be lt4jh]j«J- l^iff 
tliij4 Jio[H- Ikfi'l been Momcwbat duiupt, mid we sball And 
our boro at [be soinc timo tiiriiing ItU iiiixinttH tbougbb 
abiXHUl, inna bia kwt country, to dUtaol fields of h^ 
Hour and glory, llii.- foUowring ant^^xltn^, wbtrU w* 
quote frutii tb<- origiunl nijuuvcriiit, ucrurs in a dcda.* 
Ftliuu uiadi' by C^iioud Cocliratic, of tbc Covmot)titt| 
army, lu iinvrncv of Argyll, Lord Au^^us, aud Lord 
^-ttmrni, nitiiujf as a coiundttof of ibr Knt^ttta of Sco^ 
JuiLil. dJid InbouHng lo pxtnia tiiiLleri^Uri for a rhargi! of 
K-oNi I ig- III liking on wljicb to try MontroK% 

" At Edinlniixb, Sftth Juue 1641, — fn pr^wnwoTtlit 
Lord LJciitenAnt-gvneral lAinuiid), tbti Burl i>i Ar^lt, 
land J-oi^l Aii^t^ — Colorul CocJirftuc being dccircd lo 
[difcUrff in wbnt bns pn^t bctwiit tbo Earl of MoatroM 
binii n* wt!l jifunt tbt' J'«lsgravc,* us in \h< ulber 
lodrtTv iin[KiniiLg ur coucemiojf the public- The 



OokoMd declajr<rd. that whvn h*^ wait )u>t in Holluml ihc 
PkligrArr nt-ot l'»r thi- dcpoprr tn tho Hrrill,whi?rr h«, 
entvriiif; in ductninv afient b» IHghiii^&fl'^ owii utTuirA, 
il^infdlhe Colonel lo r^jtrmtiit list^^oTidition to ilio K«* 
tAt4?» (if Scotlaodt uiid Eiuiiied sonm ol' Ihc Sroth jioble^ 
mro whom he km w, nnd nnmrd ihe Karl of Moulroae 
aa oii« of whom he liml mt/i'^ ^twrv/, iiml dc-iiiivU he 
nughl have tbi' oppurtuuily Cu ^ip^-uk with hiiu, l^jcre- 
■ftcr Ibi-- dtpcniT <*«iiiiif|r io Nt^wcfistle had not occfl- 
uon to tpcok ii'ith the K»rl of Mottti^otTe fur u rvuaou- 
Me Umr. Th(r firal time they met nothing paitt 
br1wt\t tlwrn but general disi^oiirsL'. The urxt lirno the 
Earl lold be was Ut-^irnuft (o Jitihw the itars tibroud^ 
umI Ktfhfd thai things wiTe iwttieH at hom^ that he 
mifi^ht empfoff kin tahnttf (fttd way, WbiTrujion ihc 
dt|KHirr Ipid ih<r Earl at' Mwnlrosc ttic dcekf ihe Pals- 
Ifrnve Jud to meet with hiin, tvho willed tfie di^poncr to 
writtf ft Jdler to di« Palaf^ravr. thut hv lui^hl i-uli the 
EnrI cf AJuoUnint- to court, where tbuy iidght meet, 
whuh Acrurdiiij^ly be did, und within n while Ihcre- 
oftvr, the Gciicnii U-<'^Jii'''J tAXvd the depotier for wnt" 
b|g tbnt Jtrtter in bueb a |)Hvrite wuy, wJu'rciitito he 
Uttwrrtd thut he did not upjirehcad niiy t'null in it; 
And to it wn^ pnswd ovrr nt thnt timi.".' TliLre/iftw 
bi: tuld ilit Kari of Moutrute that the Geiier;d Jmd 
qncvtioDed him, and.iik he «ipprehetjd<^. the letter was 
iDterceptixl. The Knrl of Momi^»e oTtswered, that if 

■ li w«« |whI nvvr (lU Mnijttirrif'i tettfit wua) h«miwr thn? n-ma 
Til* k'TTV im'\ lj<.'«ii tMirrrftlrii, iiUil Thitkliu^t 
may ol tlui (HiEly «t iiu wiv ti\ jitjf lu c^ubIi Mun- 
Ylrty vw tarvUhnl (aoalftuin^ ImduiiJiJisu-t-J K'«t Mniiiruq 
bj ui mcuu bntk iIvoiikIi tliai iuukjv ckvEc whith tUuiiltou, 
itt tbrif biwiif •* wrll iM hi* uw[t. Litd ilimurn ronoil thv King la virluda 
MnnIroHv tJUl rv<ry alhvr bnld infl uprkshl Bdvuri. 


uotrritoaE and the cov£^A^Tca5. 

he kIiouIiI writi; any licnrfiftcr, Iw m't^Ui ilo il iu tmvri 

fried tc crttM him. After ibia liuic, tlw Karl of Jkt<m' 
Irow uitil (ti(? fk'pimcr tximiog out of Chnlor with the 
Gencraiy the Eiu'l vJiUuc^ iu n diitcatirsv of ihfi pHvair 
bond which wa$ burnt.* and lolJ to the clepouer tlul 
htr hud many ivasuiiu nrid ifruuiiJa fur tiN! doing of it; 
vijtf whcretif wcLA, Ihat he routd prove thirrr wcrv srxiic-^ 
ti/'/A^ jtrime iraiiers tif' thr hntinc*a in t/tc ccnitt/fU 
f^iilfy fffhi^h ireaiton in ike hif^kcst Hiattner^ uiid lliiii 
lUcy Imii i-utcreJ in jnotionn Jor depatinii 'A^ J^'"^- 
\Vbm-iJtiL(i tfir di!pr>iuT nrisni'rn^il, ih^il x\u-*^ "^'en dio* 
coiirscJt vrhi-rcof ht- desired itot to Ltf^r, aod tmtnatnJ 
hie Lordship not to enti>r any fnrther in that puqiou; 
hut t[ik-uv(< jt,iinil ^fieiilc or hunic lithi-r ^uhJivtK ; whlr^ 
he did ; nnd Und no [turthcrj L-uiircrencic n-jth thu £vl^ 
uf Mrtiilrost- on the likr suhjoL-t, rircpt one u\^\i ju hilfl 
own lud^iii^ in NvwcatttJ^!, the C^i'l drrn- Uit- dc|ioi]f-t to 
flsjdc, and Naid ui hint, ' think yon xnA but I can proi>! 
what [ 8aid tu y^w, ttitr olhtr day;' to ihi^ lA'hirli the 
drpouer uiiBU'L-cedt ' I dtvirv nol to hi^ar or i^mk of 
»iich mattcr.f, luul therefore craves your Lordflhip'u 
[inrdon not to go any fitrtlu^r nn ibcni;' mid so tbnr 

Tliia Vi'rtioa of the niail*r «jEtoi-t4-ii by Argylc, rc- 
prt-AL'uUnf; \\\> own cuven^intiux InquUitiuti, and pre- 
siding in hit cwn com;, in jiro-biitiJy not tia- mubt fU' 
vourablc for Ahmtro^i; thnt jiiight liiivo bocu 


f UrijjiiiiiJ ilf iHifttiuo, M S, •i^nrHl,J,r<ir]ki"nn-— ArjEylJ^AiuaiHl, 

tbo fMJv ,M^t<, iIhWiI :f7J l\>hrurif> trllV, (tv^i^ii rhv iivr««cutf«i«( 
Ifujii/ uti) in ii^iiU'l* liu fulbvf V* iu thv ubrivv. jiuJ udda, ^' Uiiic the Bwl •(, 


■If giwO' Vrt, tven ns %hv^ pxinric^l, tbr nti^x-- 
chnrwrli-riKtic of the luyuUy iif MuiiiriiM-, imd 
iiMliratm IIm- ioiprfssion on bis tnitul of irc^aicitmblc de- 
MgB» in the Arffylo fncllon. TUv necnuntioit wns nti^Tiid 
in romiiany, if nut wilbiu LL'»rl]ij(> r>r L^He hinisdf» 
aBOngf whww nrticlo* of wwr wl- liitO ihi- eii-L-poivuIjr 
IovbI ]>niviKJoD alrx-mly ijuoUH. iiiul whidi, it iNi'i^lit hi- 
MipjiuetviJ. would li&vt- ])i\'VcnU^d an otEcer of tliAl nrmy 
^HP brtmylni; ho iiiiiL'fi jibiriii, ms I-oIoiil'I l-oditTrni 
HPppors tuhn\c! i]mw, when Moiitiiii^L- di^tliitvil that hi.* 
IM iMvctrd high trcn»on. 13iii nf ter that clnusc in 
&vi>ur ttf the Kiiig*H authitrityj and in tlie aame m-iide. 
foUouii iintncdiati-ly, — " he ihnl shall tf/w'fljfr edf <tfthe 
rfflvr which vtt^ dcfriid. oi- nf the krTigihitn \\\\\\ <'<\\\\\- 
try id iJw def«iR-4^ tht-reof, or shuJ2 ub^ atiy wordu tvn> 
ding to the diflhuriour of the Lord GeueraU he shaU be 
pa/tMai wrih dtttth.*' Now, the lunntiiT itj ^I'liidi ^Jl 
tucli rlftUM>> in CliL' Covonniitin^ ^totuttG ittjd artiele^ 
uf war, were pnicticalJy imor[>ri"tcd, wnB ihls: Any 
otM: Btti-m|>litif; tv eatubli^b a IreuttoiiaUli; |»ul')hj»c on 
tbi* l^irt of ArKyk-, ur of the fcvv urhi>, miih thr nid of 
bb ftou'er^ iiou' iitouofHilfKrd the f:nvj.-i']»ri)L^nt of Srol' 
lujd, waa doH'ly xvateheil, and Jeteetecl In-fure hiH pj-oufn 
could lie Tfrt'^iHtibly lortilitil, mii) that pernun, 1>(? hi* 
frtatitrn iir ere^lil iu the rmiiiliy it' It might, wiih (m* 
loediattly iH-i-sei-uicd, to lUi- exlcnl ^jf liberty and lift-, 
M nn istd^ndiurtf, nr » bantltTt ur ii f*fottr.i% tir nn «^rV 
fptitJerr agmnM iltf cam^ : (^n ibt- other Ijand, treuHUn 
o^likst the King hiiJiMoli mlghi L* darkly vpokeii by 
Uir iMivde;^ Covtuajitera tvilh iiiipuiiiLy, luitwith- 
rtaiHling ibe |irufu»« loyuUy of thdr dc-dara^ous; 
^iK'h lan|;nn^ wit( Jn thein proteeteil frtiiii pru«eeutiuui(, 
or iiupe«L'hjiM*iit, in the iiuiiiuer abuiv ntated, the Kin^; 
bring iu reality i-iuiudiTed ** itie eneriiy" fto Jvik^ as lie 



n<1ai>urd n ivmitniit nf kiiigly |H)urrr- It is mmrkahir 
thftt iht* liig]i-S|)j['il«Ht uobiLt^ of Scollaiid shouU haif 
lit^i'ii HO HuMttprJ by thitt syHU^ni, tbaU ulUiougb inauy 
of ihctn ^witauM Uiv si|^ftUin» Ui Mooitrwe's luudt 
^rG^c Dow Bwakfl to tbe dai>gcnni« " prociuingi of a 
fc^" AVtntlrooe ttlunv wm ve^dy ut proclaim a traitor, 
^vtu ill the pcnon of the ftjnniilabic Ar^'ylc, wbcv »* 
tirtfiL-d timt he had dctoctrcl utic. Atl tmvc hiinwlf afi- 
pcnrtii to fthrjnk from this bold polk'}', ami thu^ H 
hn|>priK-d tbat h« b«caiiitf iaobtcd ftud devoted amid 
the tiiorni uf tlic ^n-rit i^lirllioii, xj jhtvy 1» covninQliog 
bate' (Ml the one, and, oit tlw othor. to tbc j«aIoidT 
even nf iJiofir who were ronsfrvativily IncEined- 

E low eaey jt u ttn for out? oT tlic fuctioD to erade Uiit 
firUcle of war which made it death for any one ta M 
" (IJHMI IjU umulh Against thr King^n Mnjrsty'ii pprsun " 
or autborityi" w^ may ilJu^lrate by aiiuihi^r uiit*C'lul«, 
aldu |{jktIiE^rf?d from <M>nloniponiry ai^d unpublished ma* 
jiiiscriptA. Thv Kiii^'a auilrority bod bwn vary o]wriiy 
jrnpu^iKNl npoD the ccoaMoo of discuaslug ibe proprictjr 
of hoMlrtf^ the Furli[iim'ril iif lt)4<0, u'ilhivut hj^ ptv^ 
aeoco. or delegated autliorily. Tliv muat loyal rvply 
whWi that c<>»«titutionn1 objection appeani to ha^-e 
mvl vrilh, frori] Ihe triimipbaiLt party ^vitb ^'Loin Muq> 
troite divinited the point, wn*^ titat it vn^rt- Letter nm* 
ply tu Kit without the Kiii^, than tn prun^tH) t» flrpTAr 
him, nnd name another, thou;-1i, " PmttamenU hart 
jufiffed kini^M." Such was the hitijfnaj>e wbi<h ih* 
^irijtHj fjirriiiritM-^, sljlf ufUrting tfi? riui>l rxln^nie loyal- 
ty, wvT« u^iu^ at their own i;onventioLiai whi«periug 
abroad in private eonv«raatbiiw, and f^aehin([ their very 
apt ^dtoljit^y the dcmoLTiiU of Kiighnul. 

In n «rcrcl kllcr froia ArcIiibaJJ Johnston (whcii 
nLaiiuging, in LoinloDi tbt negociatioriA of 1640*1) lo 



BftlmeriiM). the fallowing Hcnieiice occurs : " There 
b WOtnc word hrrc of 8ir Thumoii Hnpc's flj>onhing 
»t Newc«ille. cilice our way coming. tli»t the Kihj; 
ldm«elf mj^ht be dU'd !o (be PnrlmineTit^ uh wtll 
u the Karl of Strnllbrd ; \ml Sir Tlxiinus wroli^ to 
ne what he spoke, &nd from whom be tfiinks that 
oalnmny corneal. Some of uh \wn^ [the Sroldi coii?[iiii- 
>ioni'r>i] tilrirr to %\ivw the? Kiitgs danger in hi-itt^- 
img any Jtuch thingit to ^Uf^tion, » liereby holh iIk- i€- 
Utiiitctj of Auelt a iJbvl may b<? riuarn-Ued [Eli»[mt(-d,] 
uul kU actions cnlird in doubt as tlit ground there- 
of "• In oth^r worilfi, thisurrh traitor is offL"iidt"d at Che 
idea of the Kiii^'b |irotci:tiu^ bistrrowu from tri^fiBoiiuhle 
cxpfvuitiooii uiid pixipoaitioua. and be hints thnt the at- 
tempt would iin\y rvvini iipcm himself. Now ihrro Je 
another secret letter, ti^nv^d A. B-, but uiiquehtionubly 
from ihi* *iimt? Sir Tlioma.H Hoj>e (ilie Lord Advof.ilr'a 
smind >(0ii. who dunnianth-d the ^' Collt^^ of JiiKtire 
Troop,") to Arvhibnld Jobnaion, and dated from l^din- 
bur^. Tth Julio 1641, wfiereiri h the fulluwiit); [»oMt- 
Bcripi, L-lrarly refj^rring to tlic iiicidt^nt titciitionnl in 
lfa«forni«r letter "Waller Stcwnrt bn« craved a par- 
don for the wronp Ik- diil ]iie> nml hetJ» set dotrti Ihe 
ttordM, trhick patl btlwij^t us, under his hamU nhtri-of 
I have M*ot the nuthentic ropy tu my brother, whirh 
ye may bare fi^oni htm, if yode»irc to«ce it-" | Anioiif,- 
ibe n>biJubio4iM coUeetion of manuscripts iu tJie Advo- 
cat**' Ubniry, 1 huve iilsu discuvf^rcd the unginal rr- 

* Tk« r«M of ihli lonoT, wJikch it dnTtit '^mb A|ir]l, wtU be fouiicl in 
tb* B»ie€tMipt«r- Wh*.t wa huvo i|Uorvi] ItarL i^vl?ei i-»OB|rAl thi\ rrmrmr-^^ 
W Lord ltt^l«4t whA n>nil^ -iimc vlt^li'mn (rnm (hu f sivniuilcr't cor- 
■inaiilum 11, prorrvtd in rlir AiivrrfvTo*' LibFury, 

wImi iIm' wotA 
oT Tcri 
mnt UtfT Pari! 
Cfe in4 Sr Thunas ami Iw br< 
viih 1^ L«v4 Gewty [L»bc] tn bi» ainl 
bffia^ ia ^sKtntne uimi 
«f StzaAv4, Ife J WIT njiag that tlie Ka/1 

hf kit pefrt, Jyntig 
1 warn V kr «rsii, and me br tJic wbolc I'arlif 
Sir l^esM nffia^— ^bai ao tn^tJrcS 4-omld 
[tal tliat] 1^ Pmiiamemt miffkt J 

\rbcTnukii> Ibe defioiirr sail 
[lihai:] far MieTtd fe casU urf >0^r tAnt 
Ta tfae v)iU Sir Tfaotttt asi^vrrrrd, ttut it n^?^ 
aa# f^ itidariif 1. T1>c d^poaer asked, 
wfmimd Mwlmwrn f Tv Oie vhidi Sjr TboixiM rv 
tkat Jhr traatf naf ^pfai ^ £m^ijik kiMforia, hut 
iht Sr^etuk a vaatf ibr/otfA/f '■ Bt^kamffm. 1 bv 
potK-r B^krd, |/" it tt^t tmi ^ Am *A' Jmrt Br^m ? Sir 
TboiDa* npJioJ, br ^7*0^ o/ Au Hisfory. The d 
■iRvc^rcd. Ar trad hut a wmtlrru tcritrr. Nir l^bofl 
f«|kli«<J» that tkomgk B^dum^H kv4 «u fttnueif^ j/et 

« ni. p«»H thai lb* ItOirlo AnA*«W MuMlw, ««ftfd A. Hi 
A«ii Sir Tlioi^ Uufw. t^ tttfitf of tWrbi^c WH «r 
Dhi^ alcana. 

t PtU Ea4iata« eta A« !^ Tfaflw llc^ mtm^ k vat 
A^HTvir, bm Ui ■vvnod bd.Iic vfao toonMnM J.c4kc'a baAf gwnl 
af iMiynvh 

I IV nriia an bfwAfts «a BUppliKl c^ajrrtDnllj, tbe^BUUHrljpC 


iioti/>t At' J^&d U^Un i^m i^f ilittJte that wrole L^fare hinu 
7W d^puner aakH, what Kin^s uYte ihey of whom 
SMcAiruan icrnfif that ^ Ti} lln' whith tiir TliomiiK 
an^wcivil, Maf Aj* thd not rrrucfnhiy their imm^f J&i* 
ike f*re*eiiU ''"'i 'o hh tM^t/tt/ri/, KenuHh fhf Si-cttud^ 
or KfnNtlh the Tltirti^ tcan rme <{fthrm^ Axid so they 
left fli*co<ir*ing ttpon lhn( imrliculnjv Tiio deponep 
iloclunv, thai IUM10 wf-re ]>rfsc-iil i\i Uk' words ti|R'nklng 
bat Ibtf Gciicrral aloni*. a»U tlut iho^e nx-rt- th<- ^vords. 
or llw liln< in MLl»Uiiu't% whidi thi< di-ivmiT did rclnte 
tu tlif Sticrifl' i>r TcvioblnU-. mul ihnt ho did uoL spcnk 
thrtn otU of Jiny ill inlcnlioii, Jind drdnrofi. that he never 
JKiiird !Nr TlKiiituri apt-uk any oUiirr uordn uf this kind 
•1 no ochcr tiitic,"^ 

^» Now all Uiift, {pet'hjipti n Jilllc iriur^) niziy hfivi^ hr-rn 
^^■iil rrry imtortfiitly by 8ir TIloukik II<j}h\ nc Walter 
I Stvwnrt ill thU M'Cotiti vvn'nm of hiJ^ *ttiry osscrlH, biU 
F Any lhiji|7 an su^picioii^ poinu-d ^giiiitHt the de jhcto 
King of Scutlntid. Ar^'k-, utnijcl hiiv« met with n more 
daborale wriitiiiy. tlic ^^ [>f wlikdi would have 
berii to ruin, and not to (»cre^n the atvUKt-r. 1'hi)^ 
convenMititiii, bowevtrr. even iis jfivi^u^nintiot fnil tore* 
mitid U8 of thi- dchutc ut tljc opening of tfiu Scoteb 
PftrlUnieiil of June ]f)40, nnd, hy n fiJngldar colnci- 
ilrim% it oiturrvd at the very eriniB when the KiiigV 
«iitlK>nty jiod j>er»on U'gun to he iiiyitcriou^ly spoken 

• On^nni J^S. Ad- 1.1&. TUc 'Ii'iifitatirm* nnl vpnn naib, U t^gnt»i 
W, SlW^ft— — 1^)nifri»n, F.ilwi'l r-dflnr Tfimwim n ^mnll ■tiiriotitlv*!.* 
tft dtiVH* *>r tutli iL iriftltv. Wc khiill JiH«i- <K'ni>iun lo klivw untiT' 
vani^lhM Wailivr Stvwiirt »iu 44wi]> fnifhUHiifl idlu lEi^i^K ^^.v '(■■' 

Mr TliofPA* ltf|Jf\ ^Valu-r ^tcwuil Lnt-t juvl Ijixii vi'ffiifl by lUc 
fcrtiaf>.**d nhlwilor n ivilvr ho wna biiiriikif froui tbcr Kinjf to Hon* 

is a» 

gnmi conn to 

;«r I« cW Ctmak- 


to «ukv 


«vl nrUmml puljti- 

* b* Mjr what be doufvd, 

nMrnUj- att- 

A«t Ikift WW the fine wori 
«)vak U> th&t purptftf * 
it fruai the ■pi«f B ftolkam 
of ■ Tvrjgnat fartiiiy md banqpt 
cndit m ho cottatrr.* 

Are wr ihcn to «nwM» dn^ bifwii Uoatmw 
joiiied iIm Gov«naai«rv, uwl ntppvt«d ibem for « 
with ibc spirit aod ordgor nahtral to bis fli^po^ilioa, be 
rmltl not brromr ronsrimCMNMly nfipn4^ In Ihtm id 

th« pfqgWM of ch« momoent ? An ww to hold thil 
iKjihi[i|f waa pttnin^ Arrmnd him snffirii?fit lo fptr a r^ 
puloLk cfaaracUr W whnt ha>i limi vo vo^pcly and vini- 
fcntly Unmed bb dtpo'^fln^* Djiii>dy, lii» dct4rnnlcutioa 
to iriipport Oir Kiit^'* atttb^inty, and hi* o|>pattlJon oai 
to Uic CVjvciuuil, fwt to lli« dominant Corcnoiiten ? 

Montroar't dt'i^niiiikcd oppo»itpon to thb carttr of di> 
inocroL-y, m wun aa he drtrctrd Jt-i fatui jcrowtJl 


^'tfaeparticularpractisingof afew," was early suspected, 
and immediately provided against, by the demagogue, 
Archibald Johnston, who, we shall lind, was but too 
triumphant in his scheme of destroying Montrose's 
eonservative efforts, by bringing him under the lawless 
fyroDny of the Scotch Directory, in 1641, immediately 
before the King arrived in Scotland. 

In the following chapter shall be disclosed the pri- 
TEte practising of this Archibald Johnston, which we 
hmve it in our power to iUustrate by some curious ori- 
ginal manuscripts not hitherto published. 

TOL- I. 



'• adTocMT m 

TVRiaBo4Mite tka( ^Tbo- 
ft kcv« Covcttintcr* aod it ii 

vocM« n tbc un ow gaWt jtat 16ss, «w hi lUiadifit 
CW L«vd Advoniv'ft « tbr tuiaMuja rtit of the 
troMfcfa, m Up iboUmt. the irudlj ElspK. ira* »f tW 
Ibffmkkbfe gwern of Uk oitiv. tbf old Mvtfabaom of 
HooiiliMi. AvKNig Sir Jmon BtlfiMff^b rautuicrjpu, 
pfmr r iJ iu tbr Adrocatn' Librvy, iber^ im sd rpi- 
tJi|ii wbirJi mdicttrn llixc Atrhih^ld JoliiutufiV raoUicr 
WM nore auirrr^aiJ)^ cstccBicd^ even Among Cuivi 
Urv, tliun liiioMdf. 


IVvil iiifevll llicc, Dcuth, 
Ami bur^r thi-t<, MUp n hm, 
Tll«t liHik hwny ifTKhi lillhppl f rrnijf, 
Avd Ifii llid knHf r hvr mjh, 

TfatK v^orthy appi^nrti (o lia\i* been very nuuii hiii^k-d 
I, fri'jii aii^oiij^ his Jenmcd hivthren> as a fitting in- 
uninM^nt of tWtion, niLfl Biiitlie itt'HltiignislK's liirn ua 
* tbe only niFvocntt^ ^hu in this 1>ufiiiti?&s is tnihtcii." 
As Booo as "the caiwc"* i-omtnenced, he boennio its 
Elvric, and was rVr Ioh/^- 8iH-r*'lj*ry of Stnlr to lln.- To- 
rtnnnt- Tbc prominciLt (art he a*:Ut\ lu franiiii^ thni 
pri^^juv rJufrta h wril brtciu-it, 'f'hr fiJInx^^irig niLecHolr, 
Fmui lhi< muriuHL-npt of Jume8 Hordoii, I haw ruH nmt 
rith ducwhcrr- " The |>enuL-r i>f all the CovenaDters" 
pmirvlJttions ""td t)»cir jmhiic fm|H'rs, ni(Wtl>% was .Mr 
ArvtjibiAliJ Juhfifttoit, flftcnvard* Lord Wnn^toj^ who la 
likrwiwr tiaid to have biTTi the rhitf contriv(*r of the 
hnw of llic Covvn;iiit. ami to this purpu&t? did iimkr 
BMoftbe History of thr (.ivil Wars of Fr.iiiLt, whence 
he luuk hJ»t mocLH for thr^ public papers, ThiN wna 
rvbtvd to mv by biin who at thai tiiuc* letit him Uie 
Ihrt* volnmcfl of Ihnt hij^tury^ wlio ib a near rdntimi of 
Iris." IVliPD the " frre Afi^rinhlj" of l6-ifl wjia convok- 
sdr next ti> thu aypo'iuUnvni of Alexander lIeDdvr»oii, 
«K llM-ir morlcmior, Ihnt of ArHiihiiUI Johti-tiuN. nH tlkc^ir 
cirrk, H'jkf fdt lo be equivalent lo tTniJufoiTlug ihe 
wtiolc npiritofihr Tftblcji into the Assembly, and n 
grcflt ftlru^k- n^nn nunlu to i^iuij tbjit point, A miuit 
cbarecterislie bceiie, nnri^led by linJLIic. then occuiTed. 
The only records of rhe Icirk in posseiajjon of the for- 
VpSf clerk uf tilt AMacnjbiy, und ddivvri-d to JohTintnn 
mnD lii^ ricclion, wcrt two regi^lrri containing the 
jicuof Asaembiysinee 1590- The M(»l( rntor Naid, that 
.thelo!4i tif fiucb a treuMirv was pitiful, and earneaUy mh 




lr«it«d >]| lu Ubour in iIk vnrrh for tli^m. Hii 
pronnM^il to do trvry thiuf^ Jii hht pmr<T lo nwtrr Uit 
kwt voLunko«. ilMhr**xi^t^t^Xbtki9omt<t(t/^fhhhopi 
hnd !<Uil«'a iIk-ih, aimI »l*iHilit bv rwii|H.'}lei(l to i1»)[Dr}fe> 
lliJK MTiic bciti^ vjtbaiiMtcd* nproBcthc iicw dv^lifcc 
un« iwpirc^, " Afttr mv^ rr^rrlting tJu* irrrpuibfr 
loiA of lh€«ip writs t1i« ni-w rii^rk dtMrl^nxl, that, hy the 
good protrir/em^ of Got/, llivftv books d*ry AiKkkc of 
ven conir to hU IinniU, which hr ihcrr produced to>!l 
anirKTvut joy. Five boolcs iu fulio," &c. Tbi^aoomuL 
in Jttititftt Gonltm'* n>aitu«cHpt i«, tbut what Johu^oa 
lirfHhiri'il wrrr M>mt'. " iinpf-rfrt-t iiiutiUird mnnnscrpu 
that liad \te&n taken or kept b)' the dfrka, or olfai^r pri- 
vate- pcricom." TUv'iT authority wa^ AEULiotudy noaio* 
taitinl by tfat^ AwiMiibJy; but, alibcniifb a romPDitlM 
af^MlalAd for Ibnl purpme f^arr i» uint-leeu i^bontE 
rcflJtnnn In i^nppurl ordieir authenticity, and, of coiimt 
mTTU^l, by an- In inn tit' II, mi iigiprcivnl of linr Rfliiii- lU the 
trut and oblijjfalory record* of Ihe kfrk in all time coifr 
iijg. sitil Ibc CoinmisBioHCT, niid with j^ood rnison, prt- 
tc«ted o^ninht tbdr rtH:eptiou. Tbi-y ctrrtaJnlv ruiTrf 
from Hiupicimj^ bnndu- * It wan a frnturv of the o> 
rL-niiiiriTi^ rt'VubitiOTi, ii'er t« pretend to be foiii^dctl, i^| 
nil it« fte|)« howeri-r t-xtrava)^iiC upon vorne oucient 
con«l1Uilirinnl prafliqurt n\\\^ffrd to Jmi'r brcn liifrin^^> 
Tb? Itevolulioij of ltj<'i8 wns caUcd a reH^urul vif ihc Cn- 
tenontt — a pretence wlilch Clnrendou so jutlly cLaruc- 


" onp Winrum, di*p"tD fcj Mr TJinrnM Xirciluin, liud ]i*ft ttvin to 
Aliriftnctor KIiiJf, hi* «iifrr>A.i* in olfii.«. Uwni wlmrik Xlr .fnlifnlQg 
j^ol fliciit." ]1ut J»A>L-t C'O'duri viyft,— " il i« v«<jy rjrivrrl«in iflhs 
trr> ]HTiiviit«d vt^tTt^ rh<< firiiirijtnlft^ or itunl) <.\rpic<, — biii tf ihb day ^ 
ArcldhilJ JolinB[i>n nf WmmUpii wvuJil nvsvt ItiU liO" JiujUHU witf* 


t<Tt>C8 H an ** impoptimn," nnd Ih- C^iok' jjn " ji jm-rr of 
dWiiginiuity-" \Vt vvUI pivMeiilly liiiil tli^s buine ml- 
nuruknw clerk of tlic Covrn:iiit tLreuti:'iiiiig lo loofc oeer 
M f^ractiqarir n^nntHt the Muimrrtiy, if liiM Mnjirsity 
OMiCiiiuc-cl tu lie lroiibIi«Lii(t4^ iu (akiugcKgiiizaiRe of the 
■pprottclc^-v of il^'irnH-rnry. Art^hihiiliJ JoIiriMon Hi>|iL-«r>t 
Id havv bwii }»irticiilnr[y fortiiuate in his (lj>injvt*ry of 
iUcWut records, which hi; ktpt secret tor hi& own coii- 
Ktlttlioda] purpums. Wodruw liu^ left uii iiitf4.-tI(iU- in 
■tsnoffcripC, ivlating Ut x\\v \w.t\in\ of ('hurk^'s vi^l to 
ScollatM] in 1641, which vc may litre iiittici]iiile, llo 
netitiouei tliut itoint! }H-Mi>ri whu waa t-iiiiiloyed b}' Ar- 
ditbalit Ji>ltns1<>ii'fi »oii. tu put bin futht-r's pap^ri^ in 
orcliT. itiM'triTi-^i n vnltijiitri<iit*i diary nliich Im^L Ikvii 
lEi^t by Xhv dijiiiu^^ue, of hiH own \mv^. " 34y in- 
former fiiiits lik«iA*i«e £n that diary that after the 
trrvly, [^ttt Luiidini iu iGfU uiiil 1(!l1,J wht-ti Uil' Kin^ 
vaniv a little Juto Si^olUitd, there wcrv itim^y c(in< 
lerencis ninoii^ the pHirn- of tlu^ f^JiTnant^^rs nnd the 
King, at aU which U'uribtoUD was. The Scotft Lords 
intiiitril much thnt th<? Kiuf^ wuiild aIIdw ihc-m the II- 
brrty of chousing Ihr oflkvr> tif KdUv in llio Pfii'llnjiiciil. 
The KiOj; wr*B very peremptory aj^ftiiiHt lt» They 
pkadcd that it hiid ht-t-ii auncritly Jilloni-d by (hL' Kinj^n 
of SrotlBnil, KDil nIk'jEi-rl the reconU. The K'lu^ ib<- 
sM there UTM niiy »uch thing, aiitJ told them he knew 
in hilt fallier» lime any thiii^ ujlh rebliuii to the«e wast 
UmU After their iuHiktiu^. tlie King required to ««>r 
Uw rcortts- Thry told him they wen? yet exinni, 
Ihoogfi uiA anion}; the reiordti of ihe iiJitioiL After 
the Kiii^ htfid givicii hh oaih that he would not cttUjhr 
ikrm oui of'kU handjif sonie two m' thret* on Uie King'H 
hide. uihI d« many oi- iIk' other j^lde, nil wywirt wjM, wtrre 
k't >uto the vn-ntt &iiU the Kmg and tliey Heut u\%r to 



Duiift-rm)]iii^. wWre ihey werei and diHCOvcrcil b*-mj 
Lord Wari«toun. It fte«ma (list KIiij* Jaities VL, ihroiigk 
tho julvlor uf M>nii* UlAt were for cD^laviog tlic llbolT 
of tlw btibji^ct, and limy ht- to ]ilcnw? tiogb&d, bd 
urdtrrvc] Hu>' of l>tint'(-ritiIUij{a in wlM«e liaii^ lb 
tlicy wvrr, to cli^troy tJic^tu. It ficriuN li« laid thtni 
Id his cbartcr-cboat, wbk'h w»t not o|>€ne<) till Win*- 
l(iUTl,n|loii^iuniL' dvi] prut-i'ss va^ciillnl to litok tlirouf;[i 
hh pap4*nt,und there- fimiul tlic-in. Tbt< Kiii^ hudt^ffii 
laid Iwfoiv b{m. It irtny be »tif>fio*<d tbat ib^^c pnirri 
wtfiv tb(? plan uf iitutiy tbhijev iPir cu\TnuiUinK Lurii» 
thvn did, and garo tbcin botb courAgv and ligbt lio« Vt 
act. My informal is Id bopeft that tbey aiv yu to tiit.^ 

Th« same Aasembly that, ws an nnrntia} pretimiitaty 
U) ibv? Movement, Hectcd Arcblbfild JubiiHtoEi ^ thrir 
cli-rkf witli n Mihiry uf 500 nirrkN yiMrly.Vtill^riiHbrr 
tolJfiod ilieh *cn»c of htR ticrvicc« by appoiutinj^ hjm. 
tn-fore ilwy rosts Frocurator of ibe C'hurclii wiib nii 
additional mil.iry of lUOO lurrks. [\r may miw bv 
coiiKidt^rtsI tlicir Sroxtary of ±>taic. and, by an Aci 


* IVixLtiTw'- Armlacla- MS. Ad^oritl*^ Lthrar^ Vrlal wiLb 
fibilMld Jiihiiiii^n boluK «p nclt li> «iuuj>j;l«l antitjuklL's uuJ >^ir Tb 
lli>^)v«u iluvfpl> rvml Ml ^irjcAi'i/PUH.llLuf'if^-cciu^jrvfK wptrmi^hiyvtmofl 
IN priKX-dtm iiifiiJUxI tku Brilihh nii^iuirihy. Cromvi'tll T«Lpvdllii.-fruil<h 
howtfvifF) und J»bDBtnii wiu hnn^tMl, aFU^j huvlufc lirunjehl iJuilflHVOD 
Mri iK'ITi'n^ Hi> illnry i» tiut nww fo Jhi fcHind, unH thrruby (lie muW 
hv pnilrjiMy Inat Ji itii^Jntifijt fwm^i ol' pi-FkvrTt-rt lintury, wTJil fatf^ 
titrii, nn-l conr. Ur Ki^Hk'N uiuki-* ihc Eulluwirii; n^jrrwd obwr^UiMi 
U|i4^ji Ji'bLjJttriti'a |iriiidp]iui, in r^ipuil m i\n^ HK'rod ab|||;n<ioB tf/ is 
cmth. " Id rtbiwltu; miobrm from their o«th>, Ibty jicT^d oft n %»i7 
fiinjChlhr hjrpMbi'iiiJt Pt[»Uinvi1 h-y rlifir Hcrk, Jnbi|«lnn ol Ucixliffl. 
(undo nf liinhop llDrnol) nftmtl)", Hici' the ^Trrnj-or i* iiv1llii-i bubiuE.iTi 
tbp n^Baning uf tin- ^jniwrittL-r o( tbc rhutb. mn Tir hia gU'ii mrnn'A*/ v 
fit taku* thv ituth, bill lo tbu i^vlily iif Elitf lliii).|CV ■worn» 
■Avmnlk inter iirfTx>4J hy tlti* "/mpurnrjn't^yr*^ JohnMim 



ihr P«riinnicTit of JuiU' H>40, lirn-ii^ firrVnini-d toattetld 
&iit*ral hvsliv ill tht» uaiiip, i*> be iJaiit^iit mi Jill titwi- 
Mwis with the n-ar cunimttU'^', uiul tn Hii|i(rrinirTid wfiat- 
9t^r tmtio4<i €<mHultntiorLr(, ur jtuhlic di'cJariitiims nil^ht 
vhtv. Wben Uic trvaty of lttj>poii w;i« rcmovtHJ tu 
London^ h« wua spvciaJly addiHi to thi.' lULinlier or the 
fioutch cuinmiicL loner!!, lV>r tht; Jnl^|}ll^t? of uiitdiiu^ the 
fiilofcfits of tho rhnrrh. Tlico it was tlint his storet 
rcirres|ioi>rleiM-e with Halnu-riim, »iiiJ u rii'lvrt h'W uf thi- 
Cotnmittcc tit Scotland^ which iv<^ ore jvbout i^ tlincioi^, 
ocnirrrd- It may he nt'ceEsairy, liu^vever, in order fully 
IQ uinltT^tADd 3iid apiiredalL- eome t>f hitf allubioijt;. to 
Utustruiv, frofi) txher «ourc-e», hj« particular objects. 

To fflfd th? df&truclion of 8tra9V>rd and Laud— to 
n>ot UI1T Kpi^copaoy cVL>n in England — lo ivduce lh« 
King's authority to ii ^Ikudrnv — to truiiiple on Uie ru'cfc 
of evc/}' *tnlcfltnjm who darrd to impede the revolution- 
ury mC'Veincnt, were the avotred obji^t^in of the Frucu- 
rator of the Kirk. 'J*o hv Ctvrk-Rt^^Kter, nn tho 
iViT/ al«p in his ovru political a^^TandiEenieiiti uaa hia 
teerri obj*'c't, and therefore hiTi chief uun \vm to d<s 
privff the King of hix prerof^ntivc of I'liooMtug hlx own 
itflWers of 8tate. And what a di-plorahh^ pi*'t»irc of 
tlie iticuuninteiicy, uvuriee, mul nitHu^i deaiueruey ol' 
the coveiinnttng faction, pretLriited itic^lf* under thei^e 
AUplfTs, At the tn^nfy of London \ Among tho mantt- 
BcriptH of the Advoeales' Ljbrai-y. thi-re ih » vuhiine 
^wtBlprng conteiitporary tr^inic-riptii of c}ie vttriona iio- 
l^oriatfonn and cnrrr)i]ii>nil{-nre conntrlc'd with tlijs 
tmt|r. Among other [HLpem ia thrti of the ^emattrU^ 
tnadrliy tliccovcnftntiTi^fortjfiii'HUjmTH, upon Kii^l/inJ, 
ia aatlftfaclJon of Jh»'ir " hntthcrly nM^ihtunn." Tlml 
Ihey should have deinandid tlirt« hundred lhouaai>4 



imundis nml upwnrdH, for Uirir tnjiihir unci rxpon»of 
JDvadJikff, aiul f^ciliBg upon, thv sUter kiu}{tlutn« vas 
simply cbarQcurrbilr of ihe SooitUh iiatloik Ji w 
gcMog a litUc further to uttudc tlic Kiii^ ih iiiost prvnoui 
prerogfltivirs, nnd HcDy hi» riflit to choose Iilfi otd 
ooiini-JUorH at)it juiJicial funcUoiittriefi — ur t|j(.< iiidivido- 
uh who shtJiJd bt' about tliv pvrstm of hiimcir, ihf 
Qaovn, nnd tlit' Frinot-, — nay, the wry placv of rcTijdctift 
ill l^» uwu dominions for tUv rayaJ faritiiy. Hul it b 
Hoircvly iTifdible tbat th«ae repr^&cntativM of the Co> 
vnmnl. uri itihtiiiUifiii frnuitlcd upon tiic |>Ji-n im it^kI* 
ling intcrfcivncc wUb nntionnl c«taUiiLhincn1&, tboiild 
no Mum Imi-i' hnd ific rflroDtrry la Insist upon the totnl 
abolition of EpiMcopui^y iu EiigJzuulj aud tJii^ tkutntitu- 
Uon of tlit^ir own dciUQcruiic Prcxbytcry iiittcnil ^ 
The loKg, oinborntf', niid cnntiiig r^tiay, in whioh thu 
deuioiid M luadcr, betmy^i at tbv ttauitr tiotv, u ludiuutf 
conjRciou^tic)^ of their own iTK-uu^intciicy, m the foliov' 
ing cxlrttct» from thiK ruriwi» dut'unu-nt will aliov.' 
Itis njlilled. " Our Commi^aioncrfc' tiesirtt ooncefniof 
iniily ii) n-lijciuui uiiil uni/tinriir^ of cliurch gorcru- 
mciit at- m ^fitcidi mean for prr^^Tiing of peace in ku 
}ifAJc(ity'« doniioion^," After a Lypocritii'ul prritaibi^ 
il jftH-H oil tci say.—" A>' ^^■l' aLvmint it mi k-ns thau 
asatp^tiott and f»ritumptiori Jhr ojtc kingtlom Mtd 
ritttrrh^ irrrr if irr^vr jto vtighiy ftmt giorioa*, t^ girt 
UtWtt aitd rateit iff r^ttrmultmi Ui uimtfrer Jit^* a/td in- 
dcptudeut A^Jtttreii and kingt/ovK tvcrc it iitfc^r Mt m^M^ 
dcii Hfn'riij and ronnrirvta' Aring m trvtdrr anti rfffr 
catr, thai thf^ vriNHa/ endiirir /a ire ttmrftftr — IherM 
for* ibey piococd to dUcliiiJn niiy hicU " nrro-^aoce 
Ai)d imrsumptivu" on their pan towni'd^ Kuglauii- 

* [ libiv not ^LTJiJ ti iiiiittvfl vL>wliun.vw |iriDivO iiuun^ Ilia vl^Ii 
uiiuoaB tmctt of tbt |iorJ'ri]- 

Hmng, as tbcyconocivc, ;<Mvi;ci, by thin cliedaimeri the 
pfincipLc of thrir oven rcNJ-'-dinrr to Ihr coiir^iis ntid ^er- 
irici*-lM>ok, thfy |)roc«t^ 1o ahoiv cause for, ni'verlb<;Jef<s, 
impoHing' tibtir uwii Gi.'itL-veiiii fbniia ii|ii>ri F^ighiul : — 
•• Wt cAirrifift'" they wiy. " yet diurity is tto prn/nimj>- 
twn^"*'— oimI, accoriliiigly, ihcy innintaiii it to be tli4*ir 
boundffD duly, 1>uth uf CJiriHiinnt^ niid comiiiiNsionirrH, 
to drntnml Ihnt Kti^laml kIiouUI L>ecoinc Pre^tfytrrijiii ! 
'Vhty grarrly annojincr, " wl* Jovt' not in be cnrions 
ni nijy cUicr txtmwiwtWi'tMi, t*r tu play tlje Bishop in 
aiiOtlKT nMu'* tlioce^ie " — and yot tlivy »dd« " i» the 
pHi-niliw of tintim% tht^ din^i'nity ^r Ilowrrjs nrul lirHjs 
are UMiiU* but in tb? paradise of tlio Cbuivlii dilfuieut 
and rontrtty rtlijcions are unplcnsanl and hurtfid; it 
m Uvnfforv tn be wikIlihI tbut thi-re WL-n< mK-l'imfrji- 
sJoD of Fnith, oiwfonn of Cfltcrlnsm. oiic Dlivclory for 
the p^irl** nod pulilic worKhi'p of (rml, ih prMytT, jiniy- 
iDgtiuJroinivtrutioM (tf tbc Njtcrriniciil, &i-- uiid i>j«c forni 
of chnrch govcmmmt in nil ihv (.hiircUc* of bis Mn- 
Jetty'-i duriiiiiion^." * 

To lite prulix r4taM>iiB udded iti Mipjhirl ot i\\m dc* 
mBnd, Rnglniid, verging to ibi niiti, Imt not yrt n prey 
to the purilartimt ['(iHy, rclunu-il c1k< folltvuiiif; aiHWrr, 
which tlic MOic ttm temporary transcriber irmitlM. " Tht> 
Pecrft' nTinwcr In mir (Ji>mnLmi(iTi(.-r3(' deirmnd ctmrrm- 

* Tliut* ill l((k>,oaib|ilvttfly juatifyuijt tUv ^iri(ici|ilii gi Chtrlwi to* 
VrrfrrDDCie. in JSJfi, with l}ji: cUitrch tr"^nnniiiL of Scutian J, aiifJ lv*r- 
i0j{Ow Htfli^wrtcv K-iwIxt tlirni thin — Clurln cn«lrLiv»iirvi| ra lfn|>rurv 
■k4 pf4l«*i itw nilria nf I'.piK-opitcy, wbii^h hn'J ulrvmly. fctr fJiirty 

it to ■•¥, rvrlr^iL iiffii«(ii(ii iiuil ru^'Tiuiii>t> *\w \%tA u*uiyu-l tliu fuiivliun* 
«ff«v<niaH<n(,— D)Un(juiik<<l it fit 1ji> tfutr r/H'y ti> owrtlirnw K|»ii«viifiK'y 
■■ fkyfafifft wbtfTv il UbJ ul^a b«vu vi^biyiuil.itiiU ■Kkliiti Thv *vcwu 
«f ihc nation to plant Prutbyu^ry llutfob wljcrv it luiit tivav Uwii t■'JlJJl3^■ 




iii;^ miUy ill rdii^ioD, and uiiifoniiiLy ofdiurch gn' 

** Tliflt yonr profiOflitioilk in m miR-h as ctMcv 
n roufoi-mity of rliurtb j^vmirneiiE i[i birtb kingiloi^^ 
i% that wliidi wyrr to br ttisAfti. But Ihc altcnitJr>Di 
nJid iiiiKivaliutJti uf ttint which in m^lod by the Inwfl of 
^ach kingilom aw f/angrroH*. ihc ^vi-nuiwol 
of ItMr Church vf Kn^laml is souM uiid i^^ttublUhnl by 
the Icfttif cnti Matutts f^f t^r kingdom. Thut \hA\\ llic 
H<Hi9M of I'i]Hinmc*nr hnvir tiovr in thrir coDaiilffntlflB 
ull tluiif>« L-oudu(-L]i^ Id tlit^ Heltltii;; au<J jk^l-i; of lb« 
Church of En^bud. jiuU wilt <K> tliert-iu Uiat which in 
thrir winiirmi thry shnll think lit. Thnt nllhough ynii 
may l>c cQinniaitiled, hy tbose vrho iwDt you, t<t uiuk^ 
tlila projiovition. ytn, for «ntb«isador» of any forci^ 
print-Cr iiiiurh h^s fur C^mmixAtamrx,, bix Mttjrichff Auh- 
jecU, to iDsiflt upon siiy ihin;; that is iic4truc/ire t j ttti; i 
)(uvi'rnn]t-nt iM-tlk-d itnd iwlHtili?*hH.I hy the lau^ of titefl 
kiii^dtim, tit U> accwn\muy their pj'»i>[»iit]QiiM witli tH*- 
a»ir«cn niid argumrntu In prejudice of th< apttW ph 
ver7iri]L*iit, i^ both iiEiiiHual Mtid unlit. Thcrefbrtr hii 
MujrAty c-x|)c^ct». that, uccording lo your manif pr^> 
nhntt, nnd ni thnt hHiiHj ia coniAiiMid tn yovr o«ita /m- ■ 
'per* yuii will not ml^miedillr with t!ie lU-tViriiution 
here iu KrtjtUnU, but \\^i\vc llic^ c-in- thereof to the KifJ^ 
mid kiii^huri. Ah hki-wiKi-, thnt ynu shmild riot |mli- 
litit nor divulge nuy di^courM hy which Uic Ktihjrcti 
of thi* kiikplozn should tic^ stirred up agftinMt tbc ««l*- 
blinhcd liJwH <if tlir hingdori), l>iit thflt you shou 
c|uieMt* with this nuswer " 

Th^ iiicoiiaiftti^ncy of tlie Cuvennnt^m wak no l«tf 
cOBHpkuriiiflly diitpIityM in their administrnTion of jus- 
lice COwjiMfe thcisi* nhorri (Nt-y u'<rre pleaded to (!«uouiic« 
as euernii-v of the ^(ale, and difttirher* of thi- piablic 

pcain*- Tht^ pnmi'iilum of Baliueriiic in 1634 was 

uiM.- trf tli<- btroijgt^t roots of tlic Covenant, nnd tb« tftc- 

lion miarrl ii It-rriblo ontcry B^iui^t ChurU-8 for (he 

tymjiny aaii itijiuttictr. na they tt^iiueO lU uf Uiia criminal 

pcoCOT*. Vcl in thrvtryflulert of their iJirtTr ibey i4itrt< 

blblirfl tlivr most jHiitiTtu] chginouf Ihrir rrvi>Jt, naine- 

]y, criinitiuJ j>rutT>BtH, devoid i>f vv^ry shudow of ri^ht. 

And pnndplt- of jnsthi-, concoi-lt^fl and iiiiituretl, ftvrjiu 

ri mfJoMt by Ihotr uu u cuijiiiiitti^vst, ujid hruu^ht htfoiy; 

ihtir cvu'ii lawksf) ('onvi-niioni?. TIip pui-aiiil nf " In- 

rt'DdinriiV quiuhly vitiTetriii^ t}i« hue uud cry fitter 

il^hops And the vtry ttrrti inrttttifhrff wa» one of the 

arifc of iuHiTf^cy 1o prtjutigt' imttvijhinlH ohnnxionfi 

la ttie^D, but u^iuHi whuiri Ibete w^ih in i-euliiy ud 

caw. All men of ftoy weight in the country, wlio 

wouU not bow to iho (Vivrnnnt, t^vrry siTvnnt of the 

KitijE viijuyin;; pljire. und not of the faction* wer« 

liable to Iw dciioiintvil nn mc<;tidinri™. their pi-rsmif* dtv 

man^t in ^k■ullnnd, lo Ih' liird thrrf. hy Ihe eovciiont- 

inf: ParHament, where the seci-et iuflutui-e of Ar^yJe 

WUH ortin]|iuteftt, vihjlr. iiF ihi' Kiiini.' tiinr, thr King'* 

prertigutjv^ uf icicrcy W'i\> rxehided, and |jih |fn.'ro^Atjve 

of liMh^j; n]> iJu^ fartirrrifjt occnsioned by «uch disqiia- 

Uficutionn, deuiuiidiHi uh the privilege vf Umt Kunie de* 

mocratiuil tribunpiL AmiMig the mflny minhicvous 

■ct* pn«i<'(l in the Pnrjinnn.-nt <>f .hirie 1640, there wnit 

one, of wljuae reul objret li*? are infuniieil hy Hir Jainvs 

Balfour, at tbat ttine (though he fiftcru'nrdh >iuw reason 

Uy change hb vir^\ a | n ki-iti (*'OV<^nnntrr " 8pvi:'nteentli 

act against ItotiHg-matfCf^, of whaUoriieivi- i^iifitity, 

office, |>luce, or digriity : ibia net wuv n];ide pur^imrly 

to catch Tnacjuitir, the Trtaji^tirtr ; ^^jt John Hiiy, 

Cltrl-hcgi'frr ; Sir Roljort H|>oiei»wood, IWsidfui tif 

ih^Jfranon: Mawwil^ lirirhojifif iioas : mu^ others \eh 




by rtin/rhi^ ttmi /tfitiff, had iIqin? miii^h niiw-hfrF to Ifir 
kingcloiii-'* Theii^ wvre sonte of the loawra miU itiAi9 
IIh* Jvadt^ra t>f ihi; Covenant luii^) for, 'Jljr nii»bi- 
|(\iou« Hiiinillgn liimK^If wcik cIjikmhI n^ aii jihTndinryn 
until bij; Uitig of the factJou In ScotUnd ura» mor« ua* 
eqiilvoc^My ox|>kiiR'(l tu lli^nn But uiw great ob^ 
watt to protc'ct thiMr w)i» \rcre ilarklj' plf ttiii^ tmmonp 
from impi.-nrhnifiit by Moiitrosr- l^hc vt»rj- cndco* 
vour of ihal Juyal uobk'nmUt iv satisfy bimHolf of Uit 
traiiM>Ei of Argyll ittid otlier*. tlie fflcttoii welt kucw 
Ihiw Ui mm intn n pit for hlnvwU, nnd in thiil mn- fl 
TkwiLvnr wt* i^huli find Xhcut Lut loo bucc^^ul. Uul 
the quniTv wbum Arcbibuld JubiiHtou pur^oied, niid 
with a viultiiceHf ft^'liiig nnd rx|irrmdan only in br ur- 
coiujtml for by tb^ badn(>« of bis own bcart* wai^ llii 
Karl of 'JVaqiiair. lridcpL'nd<.«lly of bks liulditi}^ the 
wbilt? 9t;x&\ Uaviug brrn fot^m^iii i^ tbc jury lb;;it rori' 
(IrtniK'd JlRlmcrino, and bnving occnJticiiJilly cximmciI 
tbe dv«igim of tlitr " prime Conv4.'iinntors" to tbe Kin^, 
Ikitt Tioblemau fippeai'n ttj huve fnUen u ndrr Jolinvl i>iri 
vs]>L'ciii) cINplmitnn', in con^^rqiR'ncc uf bi^b wordj^ ibol 
bnd pQShnJ bi.'f wixt ilwnt, in porson^l oollUJuiiri In Kng' 
land. All tbeee pvrst^cntionB ami aittimodtitrv, M \xU 
own iniHlnkrn policy, nnd jill ihr n-tN'l!iiiii of bU Soot- 
littli bubjt^cts, the fKcL'llvnl Kin^ ha^ williuj^ tu bury 
under An net of oblivion. Tlit Covonaiucr^ pre1c-iid«<l 
t» tbtr xnine dtwirt-, liut iiriKlic^lly tin-y JntsiAtcsl lliut ■ 
that Jict fibould expressly j'i'^tij)f "li ibdr pr<K'cr«]iiigv, 
virtimlJy coiidomTi ih^.* Kii^^, ond rKjirrinlly cxrepc stich 
of tbi' King'?! iJi-rvjinLs iia tln-y M-Kitnl tu uj^^ ejidui' 
pics of under cluir monslrou* proce^Mes, N»y. vhen 
Chikriii*, <.-?cnH[KTutL'd Jit llii^lr 8i-iJK*ksH nod jiiHnti»blc M 
dcmocrncy. ivplied, ihal if ibty iDflist^-d iipo:i e:£«jrt- ~ 
ing TrAquair nud oUjcts from tblu uL-t uf oblivioUf lifi 


nnliis|nrl. would except soniv" of themse)v<-«» tlicfiicli^n, 
eoDf^iouH tipuri wlioui sudi exception ought to faW, cx- 
daiiiie<l agniiii^t ihc 4*c|iiivnlvnt as iiijustit^t' niid tyrunrjy ! 
Lrf tu DOW Itira to llic Mccrct corrtfeponderiro of Mr 
Arcbibdil JohnHh>Ti« nml obstTVi- how \k wurkt^d tliy 
oiaclMiHriy of thiK revulutiou. 

Th« fcitlowlift;; k'tt^r ')s ddit«d from Lmidoii, SdDoeem* 
bcr iGiO.AoiludJnfsiii^d/* Fur my Noble Lord fn7 Lord 
IfrtlmrriMfi lit Ncw-onsillr." 

** My \oWe Lord, — 1 rocL>ivcd your's of tlie tiOUi 
November by the public letter \'e know ntl tlie [>a- 
prns th«t LuvL< {lUKt^ Thi* King, ^sitice tbe last iinswer 
of ours on Monday. Hccms not weU pleased. Jt may 
be If tliat day of before tvv b<'ii:l not gotten a kiss of 
thr Qui*4.-irH \\iiin\ ui? wuuld not gi't il in liosti.-. Hi? 
would have the ai-te thjit impoit the anthoiLty of tbe 
Parlidkment Mt|»prc88ed, nt the least us to tnidertake to 
rx'coinmeiiil thesairic to the Piirlimneril.riir thi.- which yo 
tnighE jui-ily hnn^tisntT, beside mir perjury nixl the ruio 
of the kin^dom'H lilKTty. Hn>^iiie«8 [f. f>. di'intiorucy] 
niAkeH »lo«r progn^va here- The Lit-uteuaiit, albeit Ik- licv 
in the 'i*owcr. has the King's hejirt,* The lower Mouao 
mcn^'t liberty to be nt iheeitumin^ittouof Lhewitni'SHes, 
creti St the coiineilloM upon oalh. "ho dispute hotly 
thry conld uat dLjKine against thdr frlloWH-onneillora 
for miy thing spoken or done to eouuelL Burton und 
Prrnnet on Snturdoy wcih? bron^bl In with n hundred 
CDUchvH, mill gr<^ut nmUituden of jH-upIv on hnesi^ nnd 
fixit. The Londoners' itetJtion in not given in yt't till 
A til ojijwrtttidty. There \6 a remon^ trance, agninst 

• htmlWd,ihvp0rHriillnii cifm-hnm hiii^ jii>r cominrmwj. 
f Tl<f ■cijrrll'fii* li1:vUf r^, w|]H.Ph.^ trvi^n^HEi^lLiuitulilii: bnlftuignpriivvk' 
*d paniajinnqt *ihiivw rrianUi Ihv IuukI]* I'f iif|i|alliin. 


MOKTmoiE A» T1 

ihf Dbpittf. * hum ItdBML Tk Mtmi^f ^ ih« 
Knjrliftfa: tnmioigrivhcCttrairihvyiU. Tbe£>f:> 

^«^. W« WpBfe lit ffilfcilll t— -fp («ftrr 

Inkad. Be «knU be ^mM Uifer wM ife praoT 
if an tbca* wrwp^far wb« <n cdstocni oawit- 

«iifc» is Infead,! or the D^ptfj's ^ppnMOflL We 
Imr Mt btfft Ike raft «f ibose «m dM m iW Ririb- 

- " ' J " * 

bt dtcd, (wbo bvnr brr« 
» at tbk tiae «e Uato' an 
vUraSotbcTv ven dnGng far li.> m^ mIh^ Af*Ar 
i^^t^ir cimrg^ Yeifanli hr ii^gft (if it na 

w^tiw. tiibtf te hi* bie cvHMtein. «r n bit iAre. 
Jtr .Uttift ow bf^ 7M m tbb. F«^ n^ f ivv. w 
f«£m sr Mf aArvef Awi i iiMi , we «1l Irt Tm|««ir. 
Orcb-Re^ttrr. a^ Ibr Pn^^ati, »Lp iUmmgJk «r 
■■d ftfim «• iinir •«■ pImvil to over- rule «■. 


ttiul God knows if thftl will ohUvr bt* to iht honmir or 
|ir«ar of tlir kingtlojn.^ I^et mti this frwttt mv herr- 
again, 'flic <lisputc9t Uini nrobr b^ ibc KiDg*»t qu««- 
ttoitn, ^Tki) fiur iiiisWL-rH, an- oi'daiiied lo fx.' HUpjirfMHril, 
for the Kij^'IUlit ihuu^lit sliuuie that cvi;r thi: Kiti^ 
should havt! pro|His('d tbctzi. Lei none retire home as 
if ft[l werx^ conHiuM, ; for 1 profi^Mi tJie King's quAT^ 
relliti^ i>r llic Parlionieiil shi*vi-H what lie grants one 
i^iy hr rrni]-< iIk- iirxt fii^iiitt. j Thr CoiiimilU'c should 
bo <lvt9ii\'d nt home itot \o cause print Ibe late acU uvw 
whhoui the Kin^, seeing he is lo the m ay of pubiiahing 
tJii'fii in hiH owu ikUTiie. I viayte iiot wimt lo sny aitrttt 
tkit ifH/rtr^ whicli ha* boeii »io flclftjed, I kiioxi' uut 
how, Olid dare nol say buT, they ni^nn rcnlity. 7^ 
Ij&rd iiirtct tm atL Your huntbk Servunt, A. J.'* 

" Tbi- It(tcr hu* Uiin Ihi-^p Iwti dny* ?JesJde me. 
The Kinj^ bimv hue j^ninlt'J ihi- «ct&. The L. 20,000 
ia Ktit away. We huvc reiiewiyl the Ij-ruty. Give y» 
Mtrici dirtctioHM atu'tit dvmantiirtg IV/i^nfiir und StM- 
eanff*ifl»\\ (whuio the Eht^Ut^^ in iLe ii/irraiive (^ fhrir 
nclji have spi^tifieil, auU hi <^'fct roytdf'mrii'ti wJlh Clerk- 
IU"gislfr ttuii Pri^ide(il,> to be //rnt iwme to prij/oti ft> 
itHffn- justice. A direction of Ihirr kind wunld kei j> 
u« in peace nmcugEtt onrHelves. whik vomc would eilher 

• h wmiH ri<ii*iii]y iH>t \\\\\t bntn tu <hr prolit f>f i]i« oovejiiuljjjif 

f MmniriiE ilir ilcTnutnl^4l AH-Fion In diKltunl- 

£ Al^iJiniE ■■> i^L» ^xuta aniiy. 

^ KvltrTlD^ to ihc Kin^t iTutliiiniinu ttiv ^4;i)i> l^ldil^»4<nt qf Jtiap 
1t»l(i. TIlc Kias hod (ivvur gfiLniul ■ r\0n Tih Jiin l^rJinniL-ni tv |inu 
Iftv4 vithj'tit hia cinicurrtE]4« In pt^nnui, vt try s i-r^jumlHlorkt'r. 

II BBlnnqruH't mnai unpnrLl"nuhlt nlT4-nrE< wn% U\> liutiiiff imnpiJcd 
fli* fant* Dvclnmliob. ■! llic tiMiiiitJiiiil uf liii Uiyirity, uut pi^bUvljvJ in 
Us U^rBtf'* DlniP^ Thhl iinjtnan'pmMo Appn], fmio «<ililii>ji Hnd liy. 
paeriay to tctfiill)' ui-l riuutimi IwJidg, vuiitftiiwJ fAr frMiS, and au rhc 



■ipecity iIk Marquis, {whoiin ihp faiiiniDoiit has nci 
niimiHt lis Qti tiK'Titidifiryi but Kvni-niUy dl«l it|)cii) nlttT' ■ 
tmtivv*,) or mifJccii [#. ^, miitnk^ tbc diaractfr of] 
1'rii<|tiafr, wIjo, iiulced, i^ in n far wof^* «Mi<littoii, for 
tltr Kiii^ 3J)il kii;^iloiri cua u^r*"/^ cW tcitli Mmour rx* 
ccpl he- Ik* TD Uk' irvrfviic^ <>f ih^ I'nrliAm^Dt. «r4 J^ tw*^ 


" lllb April (lfi41) Mj" nobl^ LonK Albeit I 
wrutiJ oa Friday, litis i« to filH>w you tkiit ou Ibnt d)cr- 
Bocn the Eti^li^h condesceiuled to take in all our p^fl 
jwm lo Iho l*arliJiim'Ot, Inil [i^iiidl \i'ithnl ihni the Pnf-™ 
liajnnU uiiRbt be iiniated. Bmti>l bafi i>eniii*liHl llie^ 
Kin^ alao to setk the Parliainent'a advice ancnt ]iij| 
nn»(wrr t(i fiur Hix pnpcrH gtv(.'n in to hirriHrlf, as Ihftl 
aiient tir« residence- in Scotland, ftOMit Scotb ^rvaou 
aboiit liiiTi, amiil C^iuneil and Seaaton, &c. They ga^^ 
in, witli our pnprr nnnit Ihc unity of rrligioti. Mire 
rcfuution of it, but what, they vpill not let lu vm- 
Sinrr OW liEis t'xuiicrod uu by owr printing IW dbll* 
^/-^ of limited ISfit^wftfMCjf, and tbr pnttrm of Iho 41»- 
dplijio of Stotlnnd, nnd by our fir^ni; the Parliamenl 
with Oie^c FL-aAciiiH for unity of religion, I think it i* 
note ot^fT f» Gtttti own hat}d to do J'<*r himself, os iu- 
dc?ed be bpg\*Ti mvaitf [mmiifrnt] \m<»ltiScoUv^^i)x^. 
ne-\t divy, for on Saturday, in Strallonl'b pruei-w Wit 

* Ittfuciinjc ^ &u]iDprino'«iriBJ^ on whirh TmqwuT ni ufoF«nui«T 
dif jnryr Thit n)iilvvfll«iil Hliniulunt, apjilinl lu BnJmrrtnu'a roorr iJdi^ 
■rub pHHboni^ nr Ivf f iM" ^olin|;\ w^i^ivliwiinl (ty thp #ut tlul fi>ltQWtb 
vlimRirci^"*!^ uE J<'li""i'-*ii- 'I'iEk Icircr fuiilnvilvralilEttfvioaotkviLvTv* 

ur» jit thJK liciiii bmiy lii [trvpurlci^ tZjvi juu:IiL(i<?Ty fbr itiit ilcMTuttuin aT 
Ijiiift, " Your Lnr^tihipmEiJit (■'(■^(Lxi' nui to m^ t,nnt MfutLmii, and fuf' 
ni mjr pi'dniiir, by (dliiijt hfm whit ncri I wnEtf^ ft^r [ am Inttf AftaM 

lECUBT machisehv of thk covevaxt. 35» 

i>r*r Ho\i9^ raiein^ thdr |>[irtinl favour to him, ntnvc 
tluri la thr Inwrr Hculmct ity<>lf, prr«r'wiitg biTn for 
irvttMoii, nnd Iherrby prt-inonftTAting their incliDatioos 
10 cicngr (ft(t|uit) Mrn, made oi: n HtiiJili-niy :il] tlti- 
low«r Ilouw to sltout wjlh a terrible aci%i^, uUhdrftw, 
mihiiraw, which mniiy mistook for t/rrtw, rlrmVy' mjidc 
thr Kin^ mid Queen, arid Lords pn'><rrit1y rctinr, this 
beiDj^ very Lik« o^r Cifasgow A^^mbftj on the Com- 
miiMiuner'n reificival. Thi> Lijwlt HmiHe kqI (in iht<) 
afternoon — reeclved tht; tv'iiijcsiicsi whom Ihc Lord^ had 
refiiMtl— renrf thrir bill of nttnyndrc, by wny of set of 
PaHiHittruU deelarih^' Straflonl a LrjiJLort whirh, rifttr 
twice rriidiitg, thoy ivUl present on Tuesday to the 
higher HoiiM'. utHn'ofirinny will join to them, nnd j/" 
it stick ai Me Kinff'n r*iftisnl, they are to make a de- 
daralioii of al! to llie Commoners «f Ei!^clan(L"t 

Another letter we uiiisi quote at some lefi|;th» as iU 
lui^lrBtiii^' the rral spirit of tlie criminal procuMWK in 
Scotland, rni^cd (n the nnmc of the Ckivrnnnttn^ Par- 
liament Ltt'ler uhove lawless perbeeutioii we bliaii pre* 
»euiJy discover Moutroae. 

" VLf Noble Lonl.— Albeit I linve written with thin 
a«at Iwttrer. Uerii-haJ. two Jet tc re to llumbJc, to b« 
wtit 1o your Lord?ihipi yet for fear of delay or nilsca^ 
ryinfEi I add the third, to ^hew your Lordahip how the 

* Tfiti ruT^oiM fid 1 hijve n'Jt found mcnlLonwi eliuwhurv. Uuitlk- in 
Utjnttriml u' If ImlTlinl'A trial, tiurvv it ibua:-^** 1\\n Cumman* on Iwilh 
mA/M nf t)>* lltfitiu- rO«r ih it Uity irith * j>U»iit nrviijiHrnwl wiEhrlmwf 
vllUniiv ' KL»E ntl To <Mr fnv', tm vLth lh<>ir liAh, curktrd \hc\r ^Kvrwn 
1m lb« KthiE'k ■ifcliL Wp hli IaitwI it «huu1(| |[D la ■ pTHfiit luuiuU, 
T^y v^dt all 4Vmy iii runfiiBiiin. titrnffitrd hllpt kway to \\\\ Im/vv, 
■■divtbr Towyr.gbd Li* bt j(<nD»,lMi hi> •h£>ij|J Itt-iniii Id jiitv«*, Tho 
KkoiE vafd bofuLtlin bllirjiw." 

t <>vi|^twl U& Not firiuhiJ E7 Hutiw- 



Kilijf, yoitL-nJuyr hnvJTi^ nnnworrtl iiji nnrnt the (^lui 

Ihr PiirlidUK'nt illd not, foiti as of his iiUemiioH to 
tc S^-rff/ft/id if thi: Pjirlininrnt would prorate motlitf' 
cnuntl) for bim, nod alV-r tbat irr^v<d ii« lo pA»> frvm 
tlir Mct (if oblivion* or the resfrcafiotr fherrin tr/^tu*^ 
iHri*»ffiifnes, or dm? he wiiijIiI, nsi he wutl nud swor«, 
n-wervt- □» initny. l!r rn^d wbrn vrr (old mir JinvA^ 
lo jjUAB from nny wjiom tlic l*flriiuincTii hnd uuiiii-d tad 
cniisrd cHo, (e/tpeeiafty l^tt^uair. who w«a prutrcinl 
agaiiiat t-veji lit uU Ihi- |ironi^itiuaN) ^mi reiiitfaibi-nrd 
him of hill former grniii of the name in thcf^jurth lUfimnd 
iiiic^ot iiirottdiarlo4. My Lord, I prrccKvr fro^ii Tiuiidr^' 
TiaixIai lliflt boUi tliiM tlin<aieiiih^ of reservation* ofiu* 
nnd tJiU mentioning hi« iotenliou to keep, bim^Jf, ihv 
Piirlimnt-iit in Srottnnd, i»i q trick of Traiiimir'a, ^ A^jt 
atfvirr f^f some ^f ottr own* fur lo terrify us (w*it 
wJth our own (Ieiii^t by that rt-aervation of procn^ 
niid tluT dan^r i>f th(* rourdry by fACtiotm at biNM; 
trhirh would pvow by tJio KtngV prcKt-ncp,) to pWM fhwi 
the iM<^>iidf/tricH ; and tbia tpi but a bonKt, and n1b»iti| 
were u reality, (qn ctrtaJidy ndtW fttfaUs h^re 
permit^ nritfwr hair thr King tin^ futrarii iuft^atiuM 
gohtf^ to Scotlanff,) a^ I wrote to Ni.'wcji*tlc my jud 
mcnl fvwly.iM co^Ji^ience. 1 woulil rathor he rcwrved 
too. nnd Inid my own frrt fiisl. iind more abo, bBfoft ewr 
80 ^ffcf^ a thought anil bo Hntvortky aji art fell out in the 
bandit of any of the eominittcPHj iw thus lu tic boaslfti 
tmti dung from the P^u-liarueiit'b pursuit of th« )Me^^ 
diaries named by thcmiceh-eit in their act^ which Ia n4^| 

• JohrmUtii'* mruruuijim bihl Inl Liu lo auiiiw^ Momrw ■• out 
(h* vilhfir'* cif thlft polity wliich idvuicd liLru «■> luiicb-. tlv wh 

Mubttuai; on ll»? utilrjtTf. ■• w* >T*Jill nnorwurnl- llnil. 






1 lliiu^ vithiu the iKitvei- i>f Ui«CiuumJlt(!(!, kt be of' 
our*, and tW tJir w)>tch j« miglit nil be trnsiired* I 
think tliia their ineks utti^rpw^ the tri.-at)' (Icmomtratrji 
ikon so rva% to U> it»ct'ni)itirn'H« uii (tlj^t) yt- ^houhJ 
nihflr ranett yiwr */r/c/ irtjnmfiar/x Jor /sendfHg tJn^m 
hornet If llvti Kin^ iiituj^UvO [liriitv, hv wouUl not stand 
Ml ibt», luiH from vhkh it h likclifat that hv tntvodv 
war ; whether wt- yidik-il iu flint r>r iioL \v:tr woulfl we 
hftTv. I Uiiiih / 1^^ one wan an sure ta ^ pur/tw-ii by 
I'raqmarr : nnd »i in yuur^rlf^ thought ano of those 
vhom thf King would rc«erve od 7'rfff/uair'ji irffltn/ta^ 
Hem, who profes^j;! to Mmdry his havinff challriigc* of 
Irvwum M^iimt ki> many i>f im^ My Lnrtl Hathfs is 
cvruinlf (Mi«, AH Tjoqutiir ofi haK vniied hiiiiihtilf. 
Arg^ in suspected U\ be nrotlter- Kxcvpt LJi^^/mr of 
your owci hu^unl frurii Trtufatih'jt fnHml'i nwfvv you 
to ccnil *r* itu4ructit»i4 fo pu-u fi-ma him, I ihiuk nei- 
ther Ao«ovr, UHT conMvifnCf,i\tsv tlitfyy-nw iiiovo jiny.ntui 1 
believe yt tote not Jo he so boa^teti. Fje oil uv, thiit nny 
^»* should he mi thcw di'virc-* for to tnw- tlie honour 
uf AH evil inslruinofit, to thi' prejudice uf llie hui;our of 
Ihe whole kiuf^uni Jyin|f under the blmttv of tnviKon 
UMtreliell ion except tLiiUeHs)A<'1>e hrouj^ht to xtn Jirknow* 
U|i^nrnt. Commaitfl hjHo U- rcWvcd, in ihh puihuit. 
against all booels and threnteningfi — fw tiUig^nt uith 
jftmr /mrfer^, I fhiuk the Purliauieut tihould, by wny 
of injunctiofli, Uy ■ wct^juiUt^ on Sir Thomoi Nieholmju 
to pfettd that cnuse for the Vittntrninuv^dth. f uould 
rT<|imt yuii* with ttit f^i'aft'jtt xecrecij thut tan /ht, Ut 
raitt« t^ if iiJI thcr hoijourit and regiiten were kft in 
the castJe th4it rrrr hmt hfrn in it, or, if ntiy of them be 
waatin;. if TVo^tftfiWnd the Cfer/f-Ii^ff^isftrhavf taken 
ihtO) awBy- Thiv were a fuxrt ot' e/i'iJ' ireaJtou* in the 

■ Voy rlortrvitbci, truly. lUl the ir«b TVwuef ami Clork K«- 


jiidj^mcnt of all, nnd I suspect th^y be gudty of sumeHuch 

i*rg tt> any till the ttrt/ day ofHiji eornpfarancr ! I havi? 
uiuif^niindstOHTlKpcct thin, nHlnljall t>*ll youif itfdMK 
G»d liLAt wt- inci^t. It h Uiou^lii iheri- h Mitnv pPHent 
plot to br«ak forth here. The Purlin meijt wiJl not rie. 
fbr alight wt- can leurn^ nWich tUvy br comraanJrd, 
yesteriii|^hl the lower Iloiwit, afttT final voicing ft» 
mnliy their bill of nttatjntire,^ g(ii'** it ujt to ibc Lorf> 
iftheydiduotgive theinasprcdynn(lMiti«factoryansvcri 
Thi- L(>mJ[>nere" bill fi>r junticr in jfivrn in, — after U 
the Loijdoiit:rb oQVr to guard tbv PcLrbuWE^iiL with JWU 
tnen, if they wSU, ou apprehtfiiejou of dis^olutioD. couf 
into the GiM-HaU within tbu dty. Tbrrr \j^ ^omc rv- 
port of the Queen's ^lipptn^r down to PorUmovtb wilb 
her plate, and of thi' Kings Budd^Ji poatiog »orae day 

«iir1 tvMa. rilioiiUI hnw provlrlci] fnrtbr nfoCy oE wkmi it nw thanliii; 
to |rrpjM.-rvp! Antl tlii» iliM'UHiIjoiI, V4to, frriin Arcliibnlil JnhDBtDii^f f«» 
turiom flAinr^^/rr of ptiNic ri>gi*li4^ tn «vrvv bi« own piirpmvtl IV 
■Ih-iV(> ilirtfciirjij wn» a moan iirt» tiwiutsutly «iii|ilnynl by Tjuiliib b>^ 
l^viiUlH. to iHiikc II f'u/E /jj/ rir^y ^ruNj d|puiji>t titv ubuuaiuu* lELtlitiiftJ 
Lunl NufMirr b rid U-l^ iixc follnwin^ ^ik^kIiiIi^ (if «ur^H hh hitrmpl ^fii'i' 
fainudfj etiortty bvforu ibo Klii|;'i ciiroualloD vlalt to VioUuiil Ifi J*A 

BtTi^inpTiH'l (n hnn^ mc within tJip rrnnpuH nf Uw. I ^h^j; (firn l> 
r.iij[ln[iiij llii^ ^birf ot^ci*r« ol^ HtiEi* wore no' o^hanitd lo i|*> ^ Lr"^ V 
mil \.Uc uicri-'JiiiiiEa, c'iibIuuiui t, und tvbn-^l>ijn Livdinr tliumk In LryiftbH 
dujiv Hiiy tiling wblfili liiuy uii|Etit titWtf liulU vf, IjuI tlii^y nruld fiwl W^ 
tltin^t only odc mtrcliant e^iE'J ilitm tlijii ht }ibd ^von mc two huDi'riJ 
niu-kt !^oi» fur rlic cuitomo of toliocrN). I'pofi Thii \hrj triamphvi 
<rrnir ij]) fn tKcJr rnmplir^ ftl cniirF rtiiiT tKfy Jijirl ni«* Htirri hitf dhv 
llDilJn^ It ^m|ilnl for in iK" 'winki, slid dt«rhATp;oiJ hy lhviirwcT*Hl'i'T 
Ifitvp uvBr all hn\m (u fiml uiy thing in timt kmii (it irhjtri^* nu wHtel." 
M,S Xopiiv Vharifi-'fhrM. 




U> h^ army, tu wborn tlicre in some new uatlji ofabsu- 
Jnte fdlovrinfr bim, xtnt down* The lower House 
u'ould nuC oondpKrxjiit ffiFit tbv officers filiould gn down. 
This daj- \h** PirlUnunl Is to fall to rftti- daufrnrh, Jind 
Ui ^t H* moTtey. CrOfl iff f^owg on in atwtc hid wnif 
far hU mgh's crou'H, It will break forth. I thatik God 
Uuit kerfiii tirysqiirit Fnr nhovr ell fef^rs, eitber nntiunol 
or pcnoiinl- * 1'\w hm'd tiinfCt yon to l>e jm'|inring 
for A storm. S3d April, (1641.) Your Lordebip^ rcn] 
tt^tnut, A. J. 

My Lord Dumfcrmling ha* been oft with the King, 

1*1 viivpcctrd to bnvr bron on fhift plut of the King 

fe»iii^ hja iiiteiUtou tu I'oiue lu Scuikud. 

" J Bend you the t-opy of our InformAtioii to some 

PuHioinuiit men, whidi we rvjul jiIko tn the Kln^, hiti 

^dtcrrai jiome of our Jiumhrr tvrre mightily nffrmhti. 

1 hope tiiey will let you see ri'<isou ti>r ihi?ir sliiitiJing 

to It also- I t[ruht yuu] will make ati much, of this 

Inter And {ofunnuttou, iih (thrU) 1 mtty he ror^iiienl X\\iiX 

we vhnll huve ntt dirtrctioNs frnm the Coinmittei^ at aii 

io pc44j'rom inccrtdiarir^" f 

Tbit wan the tltird letter whieh ArcEjihnld Johnston 
bad vrrilteti tlint dny, ir> HnlmiTino nnd Adnm Htp- 
bim, fiill of the inobl violent malignity again^il the 
I KiD^. Troquair, Straironl. and otb«r " incerid tarter," 

I * %'el thlA IcticF is ilci^'ply imbucE] wSlh hU prrKnatfinn^ which wh^t 
I Ibo #dK«i of liik mkliftnify. A ■pntdniw tit hi bhEij(«l nt-^fi rvtif npmt 
I ■ Borv f"imnlly hmn thiin WnrivrnnX jm irr thnW linrl m lh<- wciud' 
I f Orijfimtt JUS. lliu 1* anr ■>! Ilic li;rCirf> tulivtpJ li; lyiinl llftiliH. Uul 
^t^P tditiuuOf U III liUCirlltfl'EiliEL* i* lUOnE lIiV^CUrbEri Mllil 111 *4)II|u |f|||(V« 
^■^■Ito iHiiDt«Migihlp« Tlifr Iwn lii«i claiitn iir<ii in lit*' Ari|[iiuil, ntaii^iahl 

•MM* 111 t^ii-' lljiUi>^'4\4ll^fjun tljv} aril ^'••••\ I iiiE^i llw ^oiXy vt 

A* tattofi uil III lliu utiUii^ti uf « BdJiEvitiMr. -" >■< lo iliviilu uid duwlnry 


M0.S1R03I; AND TH& C4>V&KASTfiAa. 

urging; and i»9i3(tiii|; thnt the uxNit intolerttiil irutrut- 
ium$ hJiotilil be Bcnt lo llic roiniiiiisioiK-Tv in IfOtMbo. 
llial h lo Mjr, to Johnston himwff, h1i<k in (t«>c let- 
Cm,ndrnitsllm<1ht<otbi-r c-goimivatQiicm wcrtr" mighti- 
ly uJIrndml" »t frfitTic i>f lij^ mettftiLrw, ami vHi«fiiwtly 
oj>]io(cd him fn boni« of hU il<mo?niiic«) project** At 
BJ^htt €kf ibe Aanie dati^ as tW nbotv Itriu^r, Jm wrote 
another uf a like tenor, uIm) tu Bulmeriai^ t/amt 
nrnli^ncvs of whicii are iiKOlKfciil with malicunu 
citcmeiit. Vvt lie tay^, — " Uoil i6 my witiitbfc i 
no maiice, nor partKuhr end, but only the jftiMMf^ 
Uiv liiii^mn tn k< j>rH't.-rrHl to hm (I'mqitairii] pool 
of JLoiioiir. Command usxobv fltout — bv diligrat ^^1^^ 
yonr Inwyors— prtpare four recniit^^}pt Dot ttai| 
ottier fric/c of tbi*ir ciiminic Ihi? Kiiifc proft<s0 Jic would 
come to Scotland himself to settle tiuiiinc«s — wlikbis 
A trick ^' tkeir^ also ta terrify us, for frjir oC factioii bI 
home lo f^row by his preseiKt. The lower Houae Jw» 
givvn lip thcnr bill — groww doily irtoiitrr — wiU not riv 
' — irif/ hare Sirfiffbrttn lifh — arc thiukiitj^ on «*ww)W 
yir AF« — this m pobt h4ftlt — i^Ortrf «*Jtcoim^ rt^trf ttiftii 
(hem, • Vour Lordahip'a humble aervant, 22d April 
(IG41) at ni|?ht." And in the tnidhl of bJA triumph oi 
the prop»pecl of blood ami anarchy, the following Uan- 
phtiiifjtiH pii«L^iTij>t nccure, — " Vour Lui^nliip wiUtiE* 
ciute me lo tny Lord Hurley, nnd shew him that I had 
no mtirc lo write to him ; itnd remrmbi'r mc to godil 
Mr Hary [Rollock], who. I know, will think »ilh 
njy»c]f, (uha was aye ^md to Ite 6/y//ir ftt cvi4 newtj 
thnt hHxint^joi wf going wn Grtrt^ M wajf" f 

• TTia AlJniffTity b* bow UiTukcJ lo oncouni^ anil dirtrt tbrilrin»' 

(ntn ir F,ii>,'^aii4l» iu tiu-'ir tlvtvrDiuiJitiuiJ to ha^v Ifau bluoil of Hnfforf 


And thitt was the innti who ^ni ilirvcl«cl the sUvin 
of mvmanfing lu^rsi-riitiiiii u^iitiHl Mnnlrusi'* Jjui^aunc 
hv kU9\kcUh[ that iiobZenjaii uf the auparclon^tbJo oHcticc 
o^ privfllcly forrc^potidiup; with the KiiH^of'.Tiixjuftir, 
on till- subji'el iif tiitp|K>rtin^ lIk' Kiii^jn^hiv L-uii»tilu- 
tiouul prcrugative^. Tbc J'rotiirator^of ihr Kirk, il 
•cMiis, might imliil^* to nny <-xtcf»t in a tiaxrvt corrr- 
itpondcTicc, K-lcctJng u hom Iip plcflninl tjf U»t*,lai.tloQ^iie 
parties (o llinl confidi^tice, mid yet hK- r4"HfMjnnibl*! lu no 
UDe for the irioHl rriftiidoLLs eKprevhiutin nj-^inflt iixlivi- 
dtialfvAnd tlir ingitt inflnirrniiitury nniJ treitsunabli' |jrf>po* 
■itimix ngniiist the King an*\ t-on^tittiliuii, Wv iiiiufct 
now r|uotv some uLher ikuik^j^-b fruiti bj« secret corre- 
flp>iidrNcr. which indinilo thJ4 dernnf^^uf's 4impirtuii8 
of the CflniACTViitJvtT \yitTiy in Scotliiiid, ami tii» dvsire to 
arcrvrhi-Un them in the ruin he so navngt-ly docTi-L^d 
ttgain»t Tnujuair 

" SOtli AptiL The ^ruitent oppoiitiorj hy the Kiug 
in rando Agninst ihe Act of Oh]\vh*t\, whi(b hr wrU rj* 
thor havo to bv unhtrMtd ur »cjic «/ a//« ur wUi fvoervtr 
fldi lufvuy aittoa^ us [a*] we rewrvr af those ibal are 
dtvd. The Ihtirt^ ^/" I^amt^, in the hi^hf^r House, 
madp » 1arg4.' diteourse on fill thir^^e three (iieml^ers, // 
u efi/tify /tnowHj'rom whom it cutma^ — my Lord Tra- 
qiuir — as hr pi^friAed uuu? tu tuyseif, aud anotijei' 
linw to Mr Hriidcrsun. th^ft ht- could challfage ike 
Earl ^ Rot/u'Ji of treax^n ; mid hi- XnAh sajd^oiiw to 
me, audt uji my Lirrd Kothc8 J^uo»'a trt>ni olhen, he 
Hid it alvo to th«- King, thnt bvfure !io i>ori«he<lr he 

inbpeBd df mitprinCHl It \hn^ — " vvlin w** ^yr iwicl f o_bt| blyihtf, 0,1 1 


MuvruofirL am> the covkkantehs. 


fiJiould mix Heaven ADd Karth aikI Hell i<^llwr.* 
Sodtie of liih frii^ciiiH huvc Uilil ttmt be hius rhnrizvaLif 
trpfwon ngf^inAt Mindry of our numbcn The King Ka* 
epDki.'ii both to 8cy ani) Pirn, and Tokt Ihai hv will rv- 
iBcrvc AH m£LQy an we did, or perbupv hv wouW bt* bel- 
ter, "iid only rvflerve ihrce, for fiwr four cnilrd ificrti- 
diaries, Jt is un)vi^r«alJx varmmd tbttt my Lord 
Kot1irJ> is one. Ar^lc h «'n«^pcciod to be nnotlwr. It 
is not kjiowii whethii^r Loudi>ii Ix- oii^. 1 &m thoo^L 
tcrttiMy of the uuiiibcr, uiid either Sir Tboiiia* Hcpf» 
Kiilx^rt ML'ldruiMf or yon, (Hi'|iburn of Hanihic) Iti^B 
thought thfil T^lmcnno Is not forgoi,| llowwocre^^ 
for aTighl wt' cflri toiijecliire, the accusnlion** rwntjrm 
kvHUf* The Kh\g say^ ihiil he irill k" I'' 'he Pailii- 
cncitt House, dt^lart tbvir unines. sho^r thdr criinetof 
trrnj^on, • • • • ■ lettcis or pftp<?rs, aiul witm<»an&it 
hf>iiie, (who 801110 times * * * ) Eiublt-men wilntsMI 
who are iiu doubl the lenders of your handeni \ * * ^| 
ticriiitation ix like the Durrutivc of their batid ngniosl 
40iftejctr perjsOJiir, He unya he will not mc^ldlc wiil» 
their |K.T^oim, but rcroit them tu tbefr own Parliament; 
BlU it in hard to believe that any who couoMl 


' TUlbnuat JDiiiicloiiJtIy utaF^- TrHi|mdt,umtb](fEDaiiufhift 
ritBfld paHlaonn QnprvHion^, wh<rn iroo^IvH Tn tbc tjuick bythi* 
laatbunnA IrntSoDol i]«niocrai) <liitft(^) or mitdc the cIabaIia] bII 
U th* }\nr 1" Vififil, " Mtn^ert *i n^^ru^o Jtuprjiui arhirnnia 
Thin will tw nplninvil qt^i^rwHrdii in n m)iiia«rrtpt nf Triv|Ufiir'« o«il 

f John*toifc'» tihjvi I wa* Ti> «lArni ihr wLolo i'tiqo<.^ ami lliut 
l1iiilr LtLriilLTiiiicc^. 'i'ii'm \vHvr l\ jiildroHil tv " ilj^ Iuv]ei]| WoUivr. IC 
AJ'im ik'jitiiirn nf HmuUiu. or lu Mr RiibtTT MoMrun» Htifl iftvr llt*r 
reading la my Lord Bulvierino." Ik^ a^m Hdd^^ ** *\itw tliLs tc^ttcr it 
OoiiEiml CL«Ue), CHwlUr., Lindsay, Mtildtuno, Hopv-/' 

foMuntrofv Dhd i^ii? nnbli^uiph wlinA^niyl r.hplif>i}4a|i^itiilthD'' ivrtk*- 
W Kiid ifidin^t pr«cTi«tD|t offe Itw/' Thr letter* mf very dLfficnlt id d» 
cyfibvr,Jind in fiomDp]iit»ft ■lir«trU]*4L 


King to accuse* say of hh of trt^asoD wil] not counsel 
klm al&o In Iny us fnat, us pk-Oges at the Sl^oLb army re* 
iDaimU)^ quiot. Neither do I s^e. if any of us lie once 
AfruKvil of itvUMuir, how tht jH^rtioii^ accused cuu ^ on 
in lilt' Ireiily, Inil *hcuW gu home, flud kl your Corn- 
Knitter •end in their »t<-fld trhoin they id^<^^< ^^ ^'^ 
odMrriviw OS th<^y think fit. Those of uk who favoured 
Tmquair may sleep eonnd «ind fear no (longer, bni God 
bclp ibemllijitarecouiJtt'il hiHtriieTTiiEz'flfor *^i\t:k\i\% ntcwc 
hf their insiructiottt.* I have mai^e a fuir offer for Tiiyi^elf 
thai I ^hall t>p hcnrtily eoitti-nt to be ijokt'd in onnrfmi/t 
trM the Kttrl tff Trafjfuah\ \ and sent to Scollai/d, and 
let hiiti ucctitte me, and rue aeei.tHe him, and let the iu- 
aoe<'Dt gi> free, und Hie iiueeiit fiulltrr. We have wHU 
leii inrormatioD for **>mp Lords, and some of the lower 
House, and an I hnvr snid to theru» so I say nud write 
to you fruiij the iivftam <(/' my hearty Ihat before the 
Parliamciil of Sfothiu*! were thus nr^ed arrti hiKtirled 
fn>m Ihcir pursuit of inceudinrje^, ^whom notVf if i^ner 
they mmy wt to be inerndirtno?>)t I would rather be con- 
imt for myself tlnMnij^ht to beluidfnatinttje Giite-hoime, 
uiHlIettbemdo with me lu-morrow whut llity pleaMjd. I 
will vay no iimre, but that it \^ t\ /(hamt xhaX any, let be 
H> many o/'hs. should yet be pleiiding for th<-m, mid 
Klimrfiu I wan never for their fdooft, but only for ibeir 
cuiirvwionj (to save the Kirt^ atiil kittgtioin'jt /lonriur,) 

* WhWli InWiKllon*, tiowvv^rr, wvrv WvikUfJi'i 4wu ptiiiupfiii|i afid 
iiM»liii|| upuii 

t Tlivrv i« uqbcLbiiifi- rnlfina-llkc Id chb rnproikiii^ Tho hanAt wm « 
mttc vne. for (WO rrvBoiu: 1 if, inhrmUin kn^w thif» waa no i^huoo 
«tfbduit ulica ■! hu MMil vi, r,vrn if ha hivl. Ihnnt w rm qiuslSQfi 
Ww (btf juTU-ftrinn wriuld havo Ir'iTi iliilirFrjiinM tn N^lUmlr 

fWhAifi i ihv rx{fiwA>iniia arv ni/i fefipLkaliti- To lIk- wry mtilunl pn>- 
pvulkiD, UiHi^ \f ifmt.v WW (i> bu HEdvU 1«(vL]ii tiio Idoploniii lh«e 
groukillcw aad hnwiom prq«TBv« nhfrutri be dppart»d from. 



if wc grt eAc^i- n^crimiMathmg, I think lliey il<^ri<e 
jiiNt.ici* Mi'iuiniinm mrrifa. The Kinff mmiioflin only 
Traqitair's name, ibntlf^t'i-iloioiiiiitj^aiiDit him heni 
mnke Im rrwrvntitin, Iwit il' wc will pdM from him. In 
will pnr^ic ttour. V*i n»iy 8w it €flu Ik' no gn-ui trfo. 
son, ID rr^ard of Buch a compeoaatioii- * \i cmtf qf ut 
be ao4niBi?d hrrer y xviif/ thinSt, ipfiaf to da with ^tmr 
therr, >^i\\^ we hrur it cunj(?» from MontroAf, mad b^H 
J fiivpcct, tl i» upon the fijiMrchc* that p^tssed io the^^ 
[jiin-tiiij;} of Eilaiftt^ tlie fir&l ol' Jump [IG40.] id the 
diAput« wbtftlier to prarr^attr tlxc Psrlinmc-nt, or to nt 
Htilhiiitwiihstitmlinguf tfiE.' Kiii^ and Coinmiwionrr^Biib' 
licnrr, \ wbfTii Moutrow diO di»put< a^in&t Argtfhi 
Hothcfi, BaJmerino, and mjfw//l because sciitie xir^ 
thut. UK hni^ as uv- Aof/ ci Kioff, we rotild tiul Kit with* 
out him, attil it was atiawcrcd, Ibnt to do the lees »»* 
mfirt- lawful nor (tbnn) to do tlK^ greater. Tbt^wtaeama 
word hereof Sir Tliomas Hope's epeakin^ at Newcastl 
sitiiv uur way iMnning, tbiit the King htiiiHvIt' intghl 
citt'd to the Parliamt^it, as well ae the Earl of Stm 
fordr &c. t 

" 9tb March, This day th'^ ('oiniMittee aneiit Epi 

■ With oil hla thriM:itirnb|r«» Chwtm I, itua buE tw> ifit t« ovcrft 
rvrnhijrlitnttJ«>n, Atrprv»nithoii^lj ihort-Uvt-d fKocc. ThL'tnttUfti 

f i( !■ oiin<iiw tJinl th^ immirvlp frnpui-nt nt' thja Iclttr Ktvw 

vhuLv fTnltnl fcilU>w»j mud LL/uwb wj uiul'Ii tinhi upuii Muiilfv**''* V^i 
(Hi'Jtlon lo thu pnrty }iii liuif jifliivili lo ntk nvil hciur- ll U inipfrwfMt 
ihiit I'UTfl llftLLijt could haTL-(tKAmu]«dtlH4omunii0oiipu1iiuucir£lutini 
liiivi'('riiplr»yi*tliivi!fy IfiuTtptTicncftd tnuiHdbrr- 

£ »cc anfr, p, :i;i^, wfat'm llib nDlvf«i»«e la Kir ThonuA U fUat 
TlivrK Ua )t*^ dciil mnri* nfthv ]i.<|tiTr, Iriit dik^TSy mwir up of boHi 
j^J vinliiiil t'l^iruwiima. Johmron wnvo« very foumgerMo, k«««Ti 

tfill. hit i'yoi^ ^iiiji.'rl3inny t» Jio(h ^liun*. mkI thsirjnmc* oflbv 

Afiny lit NuvfoiiUi'. 



reported to Xhc lower flottsc Ibat they any Lhe 
BishopEs' civil places in the Parliament^ coutR-U, ^. to 
be uiil«t«'rul, »ad lUtir piut<* |)ower of ordinal ion ni^Hju- 
rM>ctioTi,vrhich in intended 1o l>c voiee<) to-morrov, and 
b hoped l4> be cjirriod, «ind ior Mrcngtheuin^ thtit, in the 
ifttmoofi >ev are to ft^vt in onr demnttd, with tbe mi- 
toiB IhiTwif, for n^manfxi tif Hpirsropacfj out 'if'ttH hin 
Mqftfwty^ dom in rnu m." 

'* lOth Marolk. My Nobl^ Lord. — These are on!y to 
tdHrt*' ytitx, btnidiTH my Juttirr yestenlay with iiiE^R'hniit 
pMt, that tliin day the whole lower Iloujte unnnimoii«- 
If, biit with fntir or five conxrary voices, has declared 
thai hibbopK Hbuidd Unvv tio civil plaivs. And then 
again.tbattliey should have no voice in Parliament. The 
Kttricif Cork hn^ proven nome finil points of new ngmnttt 
tiie IJcnIeriJtTit * There is eomc commi^^ioo^rc cotne 
frotu IrtlaiMi with repori of • ■ " or protestations 
thrtx ngmioRt Uie prelaCes ; and at n'tglit we gave in 
our large demand Jbr unittf m religinn anti gtwtrm- 
W9&mt% a)l whirl] eoiirin^ ort the Ktii^ lo^'ihrr, nmJ tn\ 
a vttdduinty, ycm mnt/ ^eatt ivhat a mooit ihey tiouid 
put him rn. I iciji// ItU f^ri/irii'm'r ofn/anding outhrtTJC 
W0 f^rt^und J'rom tomi^ ot home.''\ We are dtHcharged 
to give copit-* otit of our loti(^ pap<?r agaiust Episco- 
pacy, but rt*i'<-ivp till* other pt»]H'rn with thi? iiider of 
tlir lower HoLise. T«U this good news to the honeflt 
and good. Mr Hery,) Truly, I ihiiik them worth 

pny wllh b*f, *ml i^MAk to l.*r. •ifc»mvr»«l tli»I " Jwihir-I nnt tlo ir. u 
Ij^on nil ipi n 1 immmin hJfnLwkiHnk wLLUr liU lOMMr wub fijkoMof In 

of iIh AliDMctitT "i rJi< i< '^ i nwu.i iui|miuA. R^tfiirriaiz ^ th^' 

MMMdolibr -"^^fiili ( '" - -. i^v»\ tltv»my,bfilii^ dbJc l<i kit 



jiniiflr iinri pruyi^r friim tijt? kirk nF 8<vi(liinil, mlcmnFj/^ 
find the mor<i in regard to tlic unanimity boyood m^Dj 

" !SUi Mtnli. If from NvucfiMtle ye |Butmcdi» 
Mcnd up any bnron with Ai^'lt^ and LtmiHay, wh 
coming I dart* not coiinw] now til} this Moim be cal 
*d, it wjD not be politicly nor safdy done lo srtid 
L[llird] uf Keir her^^ to titreri|^beu bere Truquair^ 
faction RTid corrc^spoJidniCL- with MonlrcHc nt liomi- ; il 
wcPc fnr fitter to send np Sir Thnmnji Hope, on irhank 
ffe ttiiiif irusf,* ur. if lie be dvluyvd noiv, I couJil uJAb, 
aft<^r our iirticles are rtid<^d, to go down with ilirm v^ 
the commit Tee«, but rvaUy for to hcip to jitTparc the 
processes be/ore the Parliamcntt" &c-( 

" fid April. I requoai your Lords1iij> (Balm«: 
tilt) to cniiKi' your liuiyci's Ift buny Tar ordrHng nf t 
processes, both to fhinA- on matters,^ on relevancy ai 
oil prohiition. If it Iw not iionc> iiu-r^ i« noiir in tJiat 
committer wilt be iM rouch blarneti. btiuurtc tfirrc iS 
nonr tn nnioh tni^tt-d wtih hiisitii-s*i of thnt linpoortfincv^ 
Andj bt^CQUse mercoiinry advocutes arc/nol so d 



Cn|[]uiAtu k«i<p Ihu PArl'mmpnl in t^tliwd, ?ji^ AiMv—* l>Ql wbd kl 
If Ond will ronii."in, In <hopLoy, wlifln wp go to^fnd" Again i "bal 
Luril, whA (luih bin own wr>Hk La bia own wAV.«rriin« ta tarn th^chMPiT 
for yrjilf rJflf, in fim oViT iLm**',"' ^i'. 

* 'V\iU j^limTmriv^rhr rihrnfiv^'iij Muntfubv'* bouj, nmiu'lj," Uih piS 
Ik'uliu unil EEJiliEi?*:! pnii-Cioin^ o|' h fi-w/^ FrOPi Tfhifiimr^A own bODMB^ 
uf \\v<f ni»(i»r. tti litf H^trwHnli lu-lij btrorc the nrndur, Moncraao And Em 
were noi in oarFt'^poncfcnccDt tLla riiac» (tir>u|[b ifaptUcciilion 
ftjpoiinduf cr^iuliiul jiriH:i>i1urLMi|^ii(Ul Xhiftn tinlh, 

^ Thi% nml miii^ ullji'r r-i[|irt'vinniL in .lohn^lon'* IctCtn [imtv 
ho v«« ^hc lil^ nml tAiil of The p'fti.vk*u* Li|cui]ih1 Miu ijjiwiiiJi4in*s ak^ 
itiHl, iu tfA'dL'UuK wlml wpii h'n mukt JHrliuiiA i.i«i!jiitmv^ fu IvH ibv 
oounlry, diil iii*! fcvl mi iiiri«fv«t<Kt iw h« fit- ^^'ivliv*! ttii*Eu !■> lic» lie httM 
I^hiiJLjIiu^i in tnini|t]ln[i uptm tfvtry ruUj ur tuw. uml prindpltr nf DUll^H 
jnacicn lud buiuiuiity. ^| 

t I. 0- To tfKvrf thoir Ing^nnlly In ma^ ■ »« offn^ftiit Uiv inHirlJi^ 

mu EM 

I irei 


gmt and siiulloait in public inmoirs for iTi« common- 
wculUi aA ill private procesat^s of wrll-payiiig: clieiils. 
I rci|itr9l yoiir Lord^litp to ptiy thtm bfji>rt'hand !argt~ 
fy, ftnd Ui rvmcrnibf^r we liave to du with a mnn who 
will luuJie uu coDbcienc^, but ittink it gooJ policy ui 
mch a 3(trt'if[ht, by largi* hmft/eji ^bribe>.) to lay law- 
yen^ bye, and cnit5« tlicir servants reveaJ all the irecrei- 
tMt artkirtt which arc against him. Fye on th*-m Ihal 
wtJ] not btr dili|;eiU in i}\\^. Wvrv not ttiat / mtttrt ht' 
o>f«* iifthe priair^t uitnesaeit in many fntiafi imd to hli 
rhargr^ An-cl »o cntinut be liis prtrjru^r^ if I were in their 
C8»e» J would have thought it & notable ijccasion to caUe 
(oMttifnt) both ajff ciion to the cause and cou^Ury. But« 
hoirevrr,* tf I cnn win liuwii, I bluiil do my utimi&t to 
Mp to prtfMtrc thiugn" 

We aball conclude our extracts froni the secret let- 
1cm ur thiii disgUAting demagogue, by quutin^ u scene 
in which he Cdrnvn in contact with CharJn L It 
was riKvru than Hufhctent pi-naiici' fur all the ainBi, nio- 
nd atid ]>u>lttjca1, ever |>ri>ved agaiti&t that ChriEEiian 
mnnAtch* Ihiit he nhotdd hove lt> tndurr for a niom^nt 
the presence ond the innolcnce of Archibald Juhnijtun. 

The fciUo wing is ad*!re*sc<l, — " To my loving brother, 
Mr Ailnm Hohrunc of Iluiubicr or to Mr Itoberl Mel- 
dnim In hi^ absence." 

" filst Ajiril flGfl.] Loving brother, — SInee iny 
writing my \a»l with this satne Warer, and cJosiii^' it 
ye^lrriiifrhu I had oecflflion thin mornirif; to v])euk with 
M>,t Jind nfier, h>' htti advite^ with the King, 1o whom 

• Tli# fiwnifjf thifc ■■ lio*<!»»Br" Iv— 'tfaaufb il dinuM hr cbntmrfia 
■U ivr. MaA ihf niMt nvonlAl |pripr[pl4w nf jii«ri(w' 



encc* he niigbt draw lumiBcIf by dJM:uiainf^ hi> ndioo^ 
wul t'nrciiig m^ii for their di*fviioe to look avtr <M ftm- 
tiques rwt so expedient Jbr him,^^exoiit^rati anim&B 
mfam ti) liiiu^ ^^"*^ ^^'^^ f^^ oitb^m. ficciiiuc, rx lor mj' 
twif, I told bmi thiit J Acfivii nil llu> wurUl Umt cooid 
Ia)' to mf cbar^ atjy ireosonabU intention agftinsl bfl 
IM^rnou uiid tTowu, ) tiud n*ni"wcit uiy offer to go !n 
cljaiii« witli any autiwvr to AcDtlnnd. Hif^ mhid tnom 
to be on floirto proj^^ct h<>re, shortly to break out. He 
is I't'i'Umly (lul u|)riti tbiH t^i ntjrk ou tbr ;u.'t i;f cil 
*iou, both for to save Tracjjair JC he grant it> or to 
raaro any Knglieh \choin fw; iip]>nchcnd» to have 
inti!|ligrD<v with iiB, iThc grant it not. Afternoon 
met ull w'ilb hiiij^ Ht* ivml to ua «i ftiir un»wt-r uuml 
the Council and Reunion ; and for the re«t> told that fiej 
lind givipi] H8 1'uir annworA nlrcrndy ni; ht: coiiLd, audi 
fairfr thau otberwise he would bui pads causa, j Ilf 

ofbitii in iir>1 cttntnulkhtrv <■' tba rtrioui ■ntuloUsk Mid ooiirfn^l 
pipioii itf hu uoiiAuuablv double dciiliiiK- 

■ ^U QMr. |]. ass mill fK 3*^. ivjivn* Chu lulUir. iluCt^ «At1i April,' 
qqolvil, mill fiilly illtiJirniic'^ rhii in4^nin|> of die khniv^ Hit Th* 
Hojw hfiil jvni iH'cn riautin^ an ot'/ p/ocit<fue from UbcKiuiaiit I0 
ThflT Till- A'mr/ ht>it,f{{ innffii fw frit'J l>y iIlp F^lrlu(lt]l4■t- ArrhJI 

ftfi^y 1u tell Li» Mnj««iy, ilauT if, Iue' Khv yiMivnivjii uf hj» urutvu. bo t( 
ijutim irJ' lh(- pniiv-iliiif:!! or tipri<aiai]4 uf rnutnr*. thvy wprofd bv tui>>J 
[iiilh^il, Jtir their tta-n (tij'fime agotritt a chargi: u/ h^h troVMOti, iv, 
out 11 vmi fat Ji."ii»wni«)> fl»'l ^IrfhrniicWm *lE*Ta-Lrilior. 

^ >. c ' I hxti* tmhurtlii^niHl my minrl b* llio Kiit|f- T Iiatk liMn !( 
•oleflt to hitn, uiiil «|)uVi'Fi (rifiMi^i, la my hr^vT.'m rviiu-nc,-^l tllit v> 1< 
thv jjivfvcEi^iEi ufAE'ifvlVp f^i Tbuiriu* llr>fKi, mid oLlivr^f-^uiul luf mj 
ciwTL. I huULed Mm wkh » tlvtuMnv ut Hi't^u^n niv ot tmi''tEi. und ■■r> 
mo in r-lmiii^ Ui Scoilnnd. which I kaniv hu diftd not anempt, Rod ibat 
I wiiK *aU- c'i>'iiii;h UitiMjfli Uv huil-' 

t V*l ill till' pr"(riv« irf the™- ar^fiU. f'hitflp* }iult hi* iTOi™ uid Si* 
'hndiT-fiii'i An-iiilfiilil JiifiiiBt»n ui aa ik (iiwt in l>dmwd:lV iWli 

f i.Om ' Mmvu ^iiflildt. to your iiitvtJiihToilviiiuitt&igiuntt piy v^i 



toU tbat he bjm«clf would gvt im inu<^h of our mojn^* 
«im1 nmiHiy for the rmt, if die Fnrliarncni did not 
praaeotif iftid our Ini^juniH : ihul lit- Ii^id Lljuu^fit {in 
ways bow to pet it. thai t!iey [)rufpa!<«l our hiiKincss 
ilcpt'nilcd oi^ ibvni, Utjul rnmm wortU of titat kind, to 
nuke ua jt-aJou* of thom.) He told as if tbe Parliv- 
TiM^ijl uf ScLiliaiid wouJd prurc^iic cfii^mwlvrit to nome 
diel «fr-^]i, wliicli lir i^ epiiltdciil they will ilri. hv will 
■mmrdJ)'g<» home himwlf, nnd srttle tbe hiuiness. He 
bM niil this ^nA swoni it too, unto us, fxe«<pt ttome 
ifupediuivut occur thai he knows uol of an j-cl, Umi 
bt lio|vs In ^Tt btJE 1itiKiitt:»s ended here, Tbon hi^ 
fipU (Ml iLe act uf obliviou- We rvatl tlit? iuWin^iti{>n 
wbicb I »«rt (o j'oii witliiu a. letter to Mr Ak*xniid«r 
Colvin. He rrt^i nt it. antl called w^ jt/tuHirtil ; then 
Jte cHi'd and 6\4'ore, that if we excepted [from the uct 
of obliviou J any, lie would except some also ; imd thj« 
he dwlaml nwr utid tivt-r agitiii, and pnjfeK^icd hi>* hope 
tbal the Parliament wotdd be of thr «ame jiid^mifut- 
Wt' ankwered in ri'asun from otir iuahiHtrf to pnns from 
what the Pnriiumvdl had «p|H«nt£'d, «nd J'roiii hiN 
gT«atiDg of the ?iome already in the treaty, f I rnu«t 

p6«*sHibUchMiiUpaiiiblr loyirld,Jiiiilb«B Kln|f,BiHl,for iliu wkv, 

ti prtmmnff ikt pimcr u/nijr H^'iliiui,% bavD ySulcli^Lt iiiuru tlmn liiuj^til,* 

• AUodini; lo tlio donwui , ni^i 1 c T ly thr ficf tt» f ?.imni i«inin'™, r.f L.SOO.OW 

flMrifalfbto |iBy tlivm fur ui^itdiEiK LojfluucE. Vi\m\ ihu Kliijj figiil WBi 

prabablj rillk ' It iXsi*mr mtmry t}\vX yim orv hu urioui foi * My Pa^ 

lianwal nyn Uiikt you luiui tk^pt^nd upon iIiimu Ua \ti tmt if tlijiy rbnnt 

ipMiAly itnni >% w^ifp I"' 't^^ vkci fif pi*». I ulU jwv wIuiI I ntn Ho 

iintf. I bH*v no vnrhf^pL'^ — my piiT>ii !■ 4*rnpTy — hut 1 hnvL- ■hi.ill 4 

linWi^cvlit lira— ^Tii-L hnvu rliipiiiibT nn Hit in«in«^ 1 imW ffrl y-iu wIjiI 

, I (an» u>4 actiuHlj f«f Ui* i—t— Uh, yuuiLnIl !iii*»yi«ip Mwn-y,' 

t f Y«t it Qtipcw* ftvm JoliiWnn'ii <iym Ivlivn, Ihnlti rw^tiSrvl bfrtli «iw 

bv*ttv« bnit thrf4i» frfim hltntclf todi?oaijiDihievln MinbUirgb to ktuvp 

b|k ihd urulenl r.*r*f\|f unrl ]>f(K'iii* ■K«!n»t Tniqiuw ntid uTlmri ^nllrJ 



leJt yxiu rny mind of nil iUU buMncssi- For augbtlj 
cna Icfira from any hftnd, botb fJ^M /«£>/ of 



Bome or IIS, and tAt/i plot of irftusiDg tbL> King dcdnv 
his inti-ulioii lo ^o bonii? t« St'^jthuul, u w\\y to tt^rrily 
t» for to pa/iJtJ'rrtm Trti^uair, and is suspect^. — J wID 
«ay no inorer itnr ncouse any man, — lu come from some 
of our own uumWr with Traquair's advice," &c.* 

The pointed directions given in this wecret coi 
spondi^Tice, to have an eye upon hfontrose, and 
** iliifik what to do with nunio" iu Si'utluEitl. ueru i 
thrown away upon the clique in Edinburgb: and M/ 
Ari'hiEHiM .loiinsttm hnd tbr hntiKfoction rif reecirli 
tbal letter from Sir Thomas llopi*, to wbicb we bai 
tbewhere referred,! BTid sball uijw quote from ih* 
|iuhii;theii orf^inal. 

*" \Vp hnii ninny strange buf^iiiens in Uund here, Uii 
last week, Tbcy bognn nt Mr Jobu Ornhrim.iriniatrr' 
uf AuL-htcTJinler, who uus (.allrij to givi* un ncc-oimt d^ 
sutJie fipt^ccbcb spoken in that pre»>bytery, and gave Ml 
Robert Muirny tor his authority, Mr Itolxrl gnvetl 
Earl of Montrose for hie. and Montror^t- di'clareU tbj 
be had the same partly from Mr John Stewart of Laily-^ 
weU, anil pnrtly fniui my Lord Lindsay- Mr Jahn 
Stewart being sent for and examined, made n tcrril 
cnluinnioiis roiatlon of some speecbee whieb ho aUcj 

* d^H* CliHplpr XIV, whi-m rht- E<<Hi« ftnm Ihn Xnpi^rr rhW4^1if<4 
iiipriMU*d»aiiil pritw?^ tFjd nnlun-t-l Mi>iiTi*fli-'« tn'l LnnI ^JnpW* ihliH 
lolb« KiniE "^ tliiA[|ra|K<Eittvrriiw, TluJ rv^t til Julinnloti'i li}ICrt(|( 
iLbuve li vbtvtly i^uriifiukvil uf mcti viLik'nl divbirlitiitt iii di* t'oouQ^l 
not to " hurbuur *u t^u^ ■ ihuufflir (u Cii bi; ihii« ih;v«rflP^ ami lii 
frum ihv PHthiiuuuir* |Himuit Dfincf^idliLrha." 


ffpi^rn by (li« Eari 4^ ^irgifl^ nt hU ^Jijwdithn in 
AtM, uf tici ^>s^ inomL>nl than rhe depofting of ihi- 
Khi^- Ifc ooQfcssed litf ^ttVc a copy of lii» relation to 
tiw Karl of iMoiitru»L-« fljid nnothcr fn Waller Stcwnrt. 
(my flrtfff.) lo Iw given Lo the EarJ of Trnqiiair. VVal* 
l<rr wfl* lioppjiy raiicounttitvd, upou Friday, belvvjxt 
fokbUTR^Npalti \\r\\\ HFiddlii^on. liy fine wua #r'M/ ^J-- 
pUVMi^/o meet ktm^ aud coiivryi^d to BrtlmerinttJi Iwlg'- 
iii^ ot nine oVIork nt night, when? J wns the firsV mnn 
thot CAme in after tiini, about tiojni; other busiiie^ ^Jtli 
my Lord. Aflt-r ht danced he bad any more p;ip(-rs 
II1411 '''n^ ill bi?< dotb-ba^, there was it Irutbcr hii^ 
flouttd iti the pjinnd of bi» toddle, wherein w«s a letter 
^om Ihv Kin^to Montrose, n letter to himself (Slewarf) 
l^intteu fruio Colonel Cuthrjiiie al Newcaslie, to Lou- 
doii, nnd a ni^cuiure of iht- (.'hninbt-rlanrie of the Bi- 
sliop of DuiiJu-'hl to Mr Jobri Siew.irt, witii a bhmk for 
Ik p**wtion, but not feijijfrked by Ihe Kiog'd hand. After 
]Jliaiiy Hbifbit beiriji; eoiiviiieed by ^oiiie aotr^ iiuder hi^ 
Jiwo band, which were found in Iiiti pocket, (jiod wbich 
fiilh BStoni^hmrnt be swore he tbonijhl bnd not btvn 
ilu th« world,) be was brought to proM/fie pfatn (feaft/tj^, 
Wd deponed, as je wiEJ 6nd in tliL' pu|>crB sent to 
liumby. Hut I Iwlii'vo lie has ncjt ilt'tilt irufr/ in nW ibe 
|K)iiito< SjiednUy I doubt the interprebitioii of A. B- 
jCL> by which be says are meant tJ^e llamiers,* and 
of tbc viper in tlie King^R botoin. by wbiefi be mcfins 
CoJiurbur}'. which I beiiect not. I will not touch any 
mom of the partieuhirs bL't'^inse yim will bnd them 
in Ihe copies of che pnpcrf;. Mr John 5i«wart baa 
ainci! eonfeb«ed his krmvery iu the );eiitTul, but boi not 

■ a. «, MLintrmw imd thcu who dij;n«d ilic conMrvHBiTr hand. 


yrl drniyil the pnrltcuhrs," The point for llic wliiilt 
MonlruH^filh^rfi Lindsay's authority is not yelcknml 
It wflv*( i4]riccrtMij|( the I?ii:Mor, nhwii Lt alltrjreH shi»iJ<i 
huvc hi.Tn [_Ki\ (o hflvp bocij] Arg^t^^ iw he :!k'(i sud 
JiCJiitive in htK^dcdoratioii my Lord LiJidhoy nainrdliini, 
Bui ftiiice he heard LiuUauy, he says he befirvfs ht iliJ 
Dar»i' fjiii], nt /Aff Aw^/ he ennceiviK Ue tiiojiiil [itm.atiit 
he Mirs to hiri onth [uhvlUer he did lueaii hiio. i 
Ihiiili ii hhwll ix'xolve in nothiug, €>r n ritry M/e saw- 
iAi^g. I hdievc thib hoHtni-b!^ nhttll proi-c der|ier ih^n | 
fet is finind^ tor fhv IjorH it steemn witi karf aii f^est ^ 
iva^xbroHgitt tuVt^kt.^ J huveiiouLliet IhiM)-, tliAlEn* 
tiK^mhir for the pri.<«nit, which I know you h;>venQi 
hcni'd, uitd the inrvat \\txri of thii^T jf not alt, yoa wilMisvi 
from Dibor^, But a i^ootf trrle twice told Is toler«bl?. 
I rt^rtmin, an evtr, ytiiir real friend lo be tommaiiWj^i 
Edm', iJunc Itiil. A. B.^^fl 

* Vta A %t*i*<\ rc4*^n. — bv \w\ iQcnnvid^r trhtit p^ititruUtrt wanw^ 
likdjr til luvt- JjIiu rri.rni tiii.> iuviyUch Uiiig* of tin ArjEy^v rommitlt*^ 

f Thrw livw ai»iifunr&, vrbirh nl flrrt tiglil siiiwar lu i:i>ntniilk( "* , 
u|livr,uni vi^ry <-luLrnrtcTl«rlr of II ^v«iuu)ltti|r fitctioniiit. Titty D>BO \ 
iJiuf fliL^ ii1]4>trnt1on uj^irikt Aryy/ie woitM trim out lo bo no bi^h imiO* 
Hi nil, or -tnly ■ fcr^ /ifr^r j^'^A imjiun, Ifuf ua liiT tho kCKi^Jr^un bjIK^ 
W^f^rrcir, limt Wfiulii Iti- vunfli^l m thc^ ilucoVBTf i}f a iltivp pliil brOdfJirt 

^ [L J» rviunrfcHliIv ibnl tlii* l^itwr, [ixiii4f t*> [■/•-i*rly tlie trt n 
LiiUiTi^iipEi(i|r ihk' Klli|:'t lUiOfHPriEPz Tit Mi>r]lEii>u, sbfiLM nut !■■•* ^" 
hilbi^rin olML*rvcJ) nul ovi>d trj' Lonl Udtlv« w^icn vvuiiinifJit At ^ 
nudcrlpiBof tb(? Arlvmit**' Ubmry jn ci.«rfrvDpa to Ibc bixurytfAt 
IK^rliul. Woflmw, wbn hm pfraprvnT it nmotijful Ub volumiiKiqi »i»* 
•rri[it 4^ll^rtJonv i^> nul uni ■!< il"-' Mt.^ u-rirrf v»i ^r ThnpiM Un^ 

llr <»H« i[, (in li'u iuduiii tn iln' i."l I k»» M>tV wIiito « jinnnj* 

IvttvF tu \\'iimTi»t; fruni Ai* ifriillitr. |)i-t»liiib[j tj«.iiu»i.' Li <?ominfimfc 
" worlby brnrhtr" Wul Hop* ■"'! iuJiiiAluEi *nni bruthor Ijuryr**™ 
broibcr fiittioiii»». Thnt *i' ThnnuL* ]1o|>u "f Kpr** wiuib# wrii*^ 
Ihin if.^ltuf M HutBdrntly pruvvd I>«f<irCi p. 334. 




■ 0* Kn 4L4JMI ion xn% iro>jRcart iLMr«T*Arci> Fftoii okiuihii, 
1 ■•vuicatPT'. 

We must now Nhifl llii* K^i^ t/> SootlAnd, and d«- 
vvlopr the detaib t»f a lawleM p^tsnuiron of Mootrosf. 
ind ottirr r»ti!MTrvutive C<»vi-iittiiU-ni thim*, »f which 
history only nlFordfl « pnrlial nncJ iiiaccurAte viow. 
Fotllkiinlcty k hnjiprns thnt mo^i of the oHjfinitl pa- 
pen, n-lutin^' tij Lht twuts iiientJoucd jii the Itllrr wilh 
uliicb our la»t chapUT rondtidev. Itnve alio IxrcD pre- 
served among the* manumcrrpu of Uir A<lvr>rat<V I'l- 
(rmry. T\\ey have not hitherto 1x-pli prfnttil, antl hl«- 
torinnv, vr\u> slightly notici* the irxiraordiij^ry ftCL*noa to 
which t)ji-y relate, npjienr never to hnVL' eoiiKuJUn] the 
documents them^eJves- Thi-i^c ^hnll now be laid before 
the rtadi-T, wilh the exception «rdy ol' tta- untiqitat^ 

" May HT, 1641.— Mr Robert Murrny, n^inlster at 
Uttbveti. being come to Ediiihur^li upon Wcdnenthiy 
TaMt at nij|*h1, iiptm other rirrnf<ioiLA, wna caUe^ off the 
ilnHs upoti Thiiraday, tbe S7tb day of May. iiintuut, 
to txitifpear before the Committee of E«tateit. aud hav- 
in(f npj*i-iirLd lieforr thvtn, wan tohl iiy Ihtir Lurdshlfw, 
tJinl Mr John (ji-nhnm, miniMorof AiichUTarder, being 
examined hy tliHr T'Ord^hipa iip-jn the niithor of hi»* 
Mpt^ei'bev wJiieh be »|»uke before the Pres^hylery of 
Auchterarder, ^nvr up the snid Mr Itohrri ns hid au* 



thor, WltcrcuiM>i^ Mr Uiibr^ri |io«ed (qiu^siiorip<l) (fii 
eiiid Mr John, \n-m^ prt'M-Tit, wby lie Ahuulil y^ivv bi 
up as author, sethig he ^-fl* Informed by Mr Janrrt 
For^yih. itiitimU'r nt Mi^iiiriL', that Mr John hatl oLli«r 
aulhorx. Bui the tuid Mr Ji>hn rrfuM^k to cotrOt 
ujiiiEi nny olbt-r mithor but the %nx6 Mr 
^Vlicroiijkoii Mr KoUcrl iljd dvjiuv llic CommilUt to 
urjjft^ Mr Johu to cotidescenil upon otli^ authors f^ir 
he van loulh to dei>ij|ie in the hu^ini'^Fi. Whi^rc'LiErtin 
Mf ^trr/ nf^ Monfrost fiid urgt Mr ItofM'rt to dftim 
i^thout mort^ l/ttirinfif//, hccniiKP he know thnt Im* m\j^i 
aoi/rt put it nff hie hnml. Whvv^w^tjw Mr Robert tti' 
awcrcd, ' tlicii it is yiur L^jri!T*hi[> mini take U off my 
bnud, tlirrt'f'»n% my Lord, Idl your pitrt, iumI I KttuU 
tcli miut*/ But my Lor^ rcfui^l. nad di-«irod Mr Riw 
ben todL'dzir^ ; nrid ibe 8oid Mr Kobort IkHiic* urgi.^«f 
tht-' LitnUof'LEie Coiittuitti^t- to declare, he dtnirvd torn 
Mr John Grnhanrs din-briicioju whereof he Imd mmie 
liifii author. But the L4>rrlH of ttie Coniiniitif df«ired 
Mr Kdbert lo declare wh*t he 8pakc to Mr John i.rn* 
hum iim'ul the pdiriiL-ckbir^i ufni^h Mr Jidju wziv chaU 
Jei))(ed to h»ve epitketi in tbe »uid Presbytery* WJi 
npon the sflid Mr Ktibt-rt depnues, — 

'■ 7"hul Mr Juliii Gnihum cflmv, u[Hin b Snbbatb 
ai iiigbi, in KebniHry or Mnivh \&^t, (ns ih.- de|>cinrr 
reiueiuhtrtt,) in bi:^ onii houae, ^jlb a euiuuiiAaiou Crum 
JUontruse, de^>tiriu|f ihe «le|>o)ier to uicet vvitb bt« Lord- 
Sbip iu 8i:cH)iir on Mcmdoy »t night. The <l4*|H>ni!r 
answered, tbAt be would be ^r|,xd tof^pimk nich hi«Lonl* 
ehip, but he W8H loatb to ^o to Scoon on Ibc Uonltyi 
Tlierefoitr Mr Jubii Uiid the deponer nciit to Perth <» 
Mondjiy, und IVtJUi tiienf-f the Knid Mr Juhti went hiufr- 
»vir tu Ih^ euid EuH to GKvt hii^> c<)iiiiufi[ tVoin Duo* 
crub, ic; u-U hi* Lordship tbut ibe depoiier woukl cnwt 



but cuulcl not jro lo Scociu UiHt tiifihl. And so Ibe ftHid 
ifarirninr t[> M^r^ai'ct DoEiJiMson's ill PLtth, whi;nrlh« 
^rpmi^r cnmc to Jjih Lordship, being ndveriJ«eU in come 
UiL-n- to Ills LurdHlji[J. At the lirst nit^etiTjfc vvitli hJa 
LonliJj)|>, my Lurd challt^tigmJ tin.' ileiwitei' fur bis lojig 
ubitmcc frofli him, who excused himself by reason his 
[xir<lshi]> was takrn up wiih inuiiy uLhern 1h»t ^rn^ in 
Ms Lorilnhip'a conipoiiy, unci tUnt hr wns louth to c'om« 
i.'3icFpl l« inert hi"' Li>nJs!iif) in privuie. TlR*renftc?r my 
LtnJ say* to the drjxmcr, * yoti were an irtstrHmfiii of 
hringiofi vw to thU faf/jit\ 1 mn oaluinniutf^d, nnd ?]nii- 
drrctl af< u liuc-k&l^ilvr m ihi^i caunr, urul nrn dt^MruuH tu 
girc yon and «U hon»t men satisfaction Client my 
carhagti Uii'ivin,' Thril«r|Hiiis.-r tliirit ubkrd his Lurdnliip 
why hv flvthsmhed th^ boud tUut vra% contrary to the 
CovcfinnL The- Knrl answered, it was not rontmry to 
th«* Cov^'Jiant, but fur ibi? Covenant The de|>uner 
■aked tbe reasout^nd why it vi-asdontr in private. »eej tig 
any liEind that had buen for the Covenant nil^ht 
luivc bocnnvcw^. About tbiii time Mr Jubn Robert- 
son, mlni&lrr aI Perth, being **jnt for by the EorJ, came 
in tu then^ uud then tlie KnH ronrinuing liiM dt?i* 
courvr in prrKcncrcT of the nau] Mr Jvhn, answcrcdr 
thnt Ihry Kitw Kttmr Jitu^ partic/ar men ta/fin^ jmme 
particul<tr courn'g ru/rfrar^ to the t./ittst^ and Ctitntiant, 
and ihi'fefore ibey bi-hovrd to strengthen thctniwlve*, 
for tbtf mnintcnauce of the cauwr and Covfunnt hy tb*it 
bond. TJiedepouer nnsu'ered* ' bcnr dues that appcaj ?' 
Tbp Cari fin?^tvered, ' there were vonie lew upnri eourrieB 
for chani^ of the Govenmicnt, * fur there ha» l>een a 
vtotian Jhr drjHMHg o/ thr King, aod next for, jf//iu^ 
mp a S)ki4r/or, and, that faLlinf;, tJiere was another 
luotioin for Acifing a Ocneral within the conttr^t ns 



tbcrr was i>ne without tU« country ; thia wiiw ]cft,Miil 
niHJihcr Miirec lakt-D for making a triumvirate, one W 
rule fill b(f<iLortli Forth, niid two bc-hoiit(i the Forth,* 
Tht drpnncr Aiijiwcrod, ' thifsc ibiugs H.'t'ni wry alraofe, 
fur wl^ have oeJlbcr bonrj, ttimigbt, »or drctimtJ of] 
any mu'Ti ibiufr, ^iml IVutl^ ia m> likclihrnn] ilwiwf/ ' 
Tbtr KurlorLowi-n^d, it wofi trite, and preei ibehxpdtit 
allc^f^iujr tliTkt fi>r *\u\\\^ 1hcrei>r tlK-Tt- wuf* a boiii) JnLhrn 
up and differed to h^ itn^iK-rihrei^ fi>r iiit^blisibiiig a |iar- 
Ik'iibir iimi] bt'-iiortb F«rlhj by wbicb ibt- Mibjcctx witv 
to U- i>l>lig<-d ill fidvlity mid tValty, aud llmt tltt' I^ 
rrf'rtfpfi tv sitftxcribc #/, but rnlher vhouid i/ic or Itf 
did if, wbidi bu wuuUI jinivt^ with Extern ha gnudnt 
luTD!id^, The drpQnpr nti^wi-rcd, lh«c tbin^ fft« 
i^trniLg*', hi- could not bclU'Vc ihcm, bocnu*o thcj 
seejiii^il to Uj vt^ry uuiikely. Tbi- Earl n-}>livd, ibat 
be inljfbt acciist- tb^^ii^ but btr would nol do it, till firat 
he cleared bin^^elf nt tb^' PrirlininpTJi and A^embly. 
7^bv dejjoncr said, 'you are all a^ecd now in EdJn- 
burglj,iiTid I U'BeL'cb you "njy keejj unity, fur the breaA 
tbertiuF is a uteuu to do \i\wt \ii\ntt to tbis cnuw*' 
The Ear! Answered, be sbould do nothing to prejudice 
the CQiiKO, Itiit nmintaiii the sninu with lilV* and lueau. 
It wan naked by the- dt!tJ<i;ker. whether or not. %\. the 
mci'tinjf of the FiLrliiLmnit in November lOiO, it ww 
bib Lo:-iJshJ|/ft iutfntion to have the rarlinmvnt to fJl 
for revi-nimg the Acta of Parliament iziDdr hi Jvine last,* 
or nt IctuO, to c-idl iUvrux in question, tbut ao \ii> Maje»lf 
inigbt got a ground to quarrel our CotomiMioocn, 
aiitut these acta, who were tiirr-kinj; them tfl bcpubtjsb' 
cd ill \\\^ MajeHly hnaiii«^ Tho KaH aubwered. he 

• TUiit ^Tit> tU><< PiiilLiiiiivikE id which ^n;lLiSii]4 Joboariiii »*ti.<b*l 


rfrrtj the FaHiam^tK to hrtve ^itirn, hiit i»ot forthni end, 
buLouly tu huvr inIrK'il Miriit.' lo ihv Cmiriij]ir4*i.'i tH-i'uufltf 
maatf tMe nvn wrrti^flotiK wboroiplitstr<:'iiglbciithe 
CDoiinittrc ifihcy wcrrni it- And the Knrl, hciri^ jinIc- 
^ s^JD whetWr (ir nu lie Jiad puriiosc lt> question 
Uu'w ncl», imsnivri-d. he liii<l no!, Irccrtwc ite httd aah' 
mrihed th^m, and woiiJd iiuut^Uiii thnnwith \\\t. tiiooii. 
The drfiontrr rrmcmbcrvd Hltic mort* of any Ihing pnt* 
ivd tliflt iilglilt IrMt <»Eify tlwji the E^rl ilesinnl thi' d(v 
poncr utjghl j*o ttJ Sioou tlij>t night, who promised to 
be Utfrn.- to*riiornut-. On ilie irtorruw, ^x-'jiig 'J>n'Hday. 
l!i« dvpnuer t-unit; to Scoon, ami wuiting on aubilc, tJi 
miKH-t ihr Knrl wiih sprfikin^ wJlli tlu- F^nrl of Atbol 
and Mr John 8u-wflrt, h^xwv of hib fritiidb uttt^udiu^ 
bn4dct ont? told the EnrI ihat i\\v dqvoiitrr was there, 
8u the Kuii cuiij(< JiittJHelf. fiud t-iituri-d \m \\\v same dis^ 
roUTM that he and the dcpoiici' wore on bcfort\ 'IHig 
ifofKHM-r showed ihfit iitul had pat in ///Jt hvart n jtiat 
MMWtfr then^to. Thi' EurJ rL-piVLlLnJ mIiiU ht^ hud buid 
lh«DljchI hi'rorL-imciU thec'haiJ^-vrtiovt-rnmL'nttWhvrc- 
tintu the dt'ixnter f^vr thiH iiTukuer, ihut, * howhOi-vcT I 
JWi>re iffj/any (»oih moticins to linvo bt-en. yet J think 
if any »uc1j ha« Ln^i-n, thuy huv« tjeeu iJontHtiorm/, uiid 
IKK ab«f>hkte, but only in case o/ntiarMiSttlf^e^rtrt^mitw, 
looking; lu itie wval ul' th<- i-tt\mlry, iitjd ffovi'rnmcnl 
tbereof in c'uj»c» vf lu-v^-r^hyt utnl ihni tfit^ir pruoticL- 
jirovtv that It wnn hnt comlicion^iMf any nuch wui^ be- 
catiht- thfit now, when Ihi? King is iiniCenI t*i ^ on w^ith 
ihvni to the ttvitiy, they go on 4wee(Ii/ s<'cJttrjig pracff,'* 

* Ttib b ID Miyt th*' FrvnhTlinnjiry patty ofrh* ^'nTih rrkinimiwituu* 
n> <r» lifmrlmi, wMrh vii» lh» |rri-iUmiin»kiL jwutv, r^-mim^I Tliv Ktrfff to 
^r* up flJt hi« fii^l piwvjfiti^vt, i>tJi4jirti>a Arc|iilMli| J^JiJbioii 4ti»u]<| 

I f ooravlf by GODCffi^na," wjft4 virciiiiUy (bvlr Iui|;i)<i4(c." or 4^iwLI| itv- 




The Eurl rniAwered, it wm hdI oonditioDal, l>tit absoJutc. 
und thrrofore, ho aalil, ' they tire s^hinjf condJtloiH 
contrary It* tht- Covi-uanU lieuiu»e we Iiuvp xwvru aci' 
to vttfrr^ne/i hjuih ihr Knr^'r jtrfn^ttiv ; likcubc thry 
aru Kcwkiijg iimru Uinn tfki.' Ictli-r «e[U to Utv KaiIuC 
Lnnerirk (.^[Ltikiiix, whervin tlicy had dt-dared they 
wuuld wek only thejit' nilidcM contniiiiMl in tlit' said M- 
Irr/ I'tu' now tla-y dcv^iiv thut olficL-iv of Ktutv. couuctL 
ftnd )i(M4ion, should be choJitu bff the Pariiismt^^ 
Uepoher answtTed, they are ali good thingHt if ^ 
co/fltfle ohtdinfd, and tlint our folks did ui>t ^iinDdupuo 
Lljt'in HK (if) tln'y niiulii furuk Ihr jti'tuv if Ihiry dni m\ 
obtain them, nud these thing;* bci[>g for thegucidoi'th^H 
Dcjnimtmwrnl, iicct ruUihft trupptn^ire r/ nrHdiairf.X 
Tlie Burl i^ilitnl, ' tliey art* ^I'ekiug thutn ftbeolat^lj 

throm^ yoii by foi^v* Haw nrfeifj! iKij/ vtr^ tffhng ptvtt hj*J' b* 
fjuQi rjio ivi-Ti'l i?4im]»|>onLTuni>L? i^iiuiml In ihc [iibi ehapttir. 

" Thiirrfi^rK In tiiv mlilrviii inuuinlltsd iv liU M^t^ty { ili roticEli 
UarL ol Ijkncrkck, ^l^^rrW-y ijf Nbii^^J fmoi thi-C^ivrBHutiu^t-uuiiuiC 
with (li0 Anuy ht Newtiwilr, l^rietDbcr H^ ir>4n. It jirmfs in n-17 h 
trivmiiil Inynl tirmii, 1- ThHf ihv A^-r* cirthr l^rllAntirnl of Jime^lhi 
bf ntifiwl by iii< MiijimLt, V, Thnl Ih« ■fr(>njEl>"l'l:< al FiuolUnd fthniaVl 
** fuFikMtLiL. Bitil vtcil l'uroLLrit«iltfnf4i«nfl*V4<unly," X Tlikl All 
mvit " EEmy bi.- TrAj truiu ui^iiniLrc lur »ij|i»L'rtbkrij| i]tv CowMmol^' 9tc 
* TJmt t)il* t'fiiiimifn iii^'itiiclEjirl4'>. wliu Imvcbu-'U lFiOAul|jun uTiMkh'*' 
bonCioh in bin Mjgi«<ly V iloiiLKiJciriPi, inny r^ vivu ihuirjivJ ctrnm^rtl ■'k' 

tmtn qimtqinml m lln' wuT. IL»v tiir tbt'iU'UfmuTidJt wcrv cbnAkil. 
Ilus |pmp^r«rr Innr rlppnrlpil Aitm, nuy bii P^i^n frnm ArcH^tAM Ja' 
ftlvu'i (■('rrvt|Fi>uiJL<i>i?Vi 

f ?kUm(]-uktf, «v ibuB kiv. fvK at iJiD riujv fauw ilvnOly wu Ihit 
olmtdaT ihi' Mi>itjn\:hy : uul, tiRirr hIIIuuJ pH^ud kWHv . Eiit^AnJ't 
|iliIlu*opbl«il lilfrorlun haim rocwnj^ '* Bui ibv vuii iikxuL Muwfiii 
In mynl nulliurLEv, ui^il u^Aaf in u mn/iNrr 4if jArvn^cf rAr fVintfii irvdx 
urliit''«f)in1 iKi mi'UilKT til tItL' Privy-1 '<»uEicbl, lu whux' hiiuiii»iluMi| 
Lhu KiiijcV fttHw-poi*, iln' i;i'liftJi' jutmiitMimiiitji lay, tm n^otr of »W^ 
uuiiv "i tli^ juil|{vi^ ■buiiM \k n|fpoiiiiod^ bui by ulnccuidA 
of iVrlijLiiki-ur/'— /Nrrid^fl ^4', vi. 4!T. 

m ol 



or no ptfuiTt-i in luk<^n wber^of, the Coinnti/iHitmers tiatt 
WTittt-n tb-il fkfirnamruotiUxfif/^if'f/tfi/Aoti^frfi/it'/M, 
ami the- mmmif/i'r hml writU'ii bjick, t\u-y >->UttM iu»t 
poM fn>m thtiJi wJthijut iWr a^lvite, • The iKpon- 
fr lUJswtTed, tljat IliL'^t- ml^^tjl wvW KitituI wUU the rtiri- 
iliUvti. liec;iU9i? if tln-y fouinl llicv c<ftt/t^ unt tibfuiit t/wm, 
ibini tbcy wovild pant/'rot/r tht^in. 'J'hrn thedtpojier 
^mandt^d tlie \'a\t\ Ijii\i- h» lauiii tliirkk thitt fits Ijurtd 
WAS for ibv Covi-nant. ^inco upon tli^ hc^^initg of tl 
Um Kiiiff bad in^de a hull uilh thL* f 'iiinrnU^iurK-rs of 
tl>c treaty. Tbe End nn^M'ored, ' the King Jmd got 
knou-U^ge of ihc hnuA hy annn* spprrht^ f»f dio late 
Lord i^ijy^t whifh were repmied lu the Commissimi- 
ent, and by tbem to tW Eitglinh. uud ao it mmi? to hi« 
sMflj<i^ty*A rnni-' The KnrI wjis ili^^in^il Tn como to hia 
dhtfii^f. Thvii the dfjxjRLT entivaU-il his Lurdftiip i» 
a(Jiri/j/.| Tlie Karl Jirkswc'jrd^ he lovt-il unity* aud would 
dear hiiiiiwlf bet'ortf the ruiliuinerU uitd (jcjirml A«- 
fprnbly, 'il^r dt'p<iinM- ullejit'd it would htndc-r ih*- set- 
tling of tbr roniinoi^ i^;iusr- Elcjiiihwt'ri.'ili ho i^JiiiiiJd do 
it ia ftuch n way n*i could not H^rong the jmhllc, hi^iAtiKe 
be wuuld iiul »Nikr hih i-]iJilJert)*i; illJ tXw jiublic buiiiK^M 
trtrre irtUciJ, aud /AtVJ he iiwuld pat it <{/}' hinmflf'^ uud 
lay it em thitne xvho httd triiinmNiutvd him.\ The iJt'iwii- 
trr dtcluret) ih^t cht- Itlurl of iViutttrovc uaiiivd the Earl 

? Bt unhf , 1'i4^ 1.'r»tffiii<riij>r« ini'^inaFify iiii^iil^ nn ip|i|iii«liiun U^ Tfav 

t Tliiu thv tuD v['v(i >lL>itiroH' liud prvniaturvly dl«i:twi-<t hit wIloU 
|lui t« * crvuiirv "t tlio fiiciiup, wliu luuk K""' *^^^ ^'^ pwvirai iU 


of Argyh^ tobeihemnn whosboulU bawtbe n 
tlicT nurLh, ati urtt? uftbi; Inunivirule. 

*' Thi* roiifcri'iicr rndoil, (ho KnrJ went to 
aijil Iho dojioncr wciil to IVrtl), atid thui juimc day 
Mr Jolin Grabain came to tlie d«poiivr aii<l nid lu 
him, ' My Lui>l aiirl yuu wiu )mt.' TItt? drpoticr ni]«^| 
svrcred, ' I wut» tiol boU but pUin,' anil ihnt my Lnni 


bad tnkcij aII well; itnd Ibr dcpnticr, suppcwiiij; Lhit 
Mr Jubti had U'pri 8c<|iia]ntt*d by tbi.* EaH v*iih iIl« 
iftlii« tbiUffA tliat ihe Earl had »pokt-n, aiid likewM 
tliirikitig limt hi? might buvf nvi^rlu-rird tbr tlisrmin* 
belwixt tbe EnrI and him, tini /r//" iht MidMr JoIlu 
the subylnnct' of the coiifrroncc betwixt the Earl oiid 
hiiOi UM 16 before JfimiinJ. Further liie dqwniur, !irm 
iutrrrogat^d by the Ci>iniiiittcc if he rcincmbf-rs tht 
time nud iierminiH preb^uti^rs: itf thr fmnd nbiHit the rut 
iij^ *j( uorth Forth. nn»wors, that he ivmtuibvnt nuE 
that urty thtiig watt spukeii aiieiiL tb^- lirike or pt-n-on 
biU only that tlieEail ^aid h*^ cuuld pruvL^it by^ixt(^ 
as goo<l ns biinsclf. And \mtig iiitrrrogatoil \rhat ibf 
depoTiLT i^aid 1.0 Mr David JJrumiiifjiid, niJil Mv G«orga 
Mu»h«rt, miiiistu'^ with whom Mr John Giahaio aiErm- 
t4l tliL- dqioner h].ii>kL^ tht' dep^rit^r atiawiTS, that iht 
»iuid Mr DiLvid and Mr Ot-orgt- haviii^^ hctird that he 
bad spokon witfi tlx^ Knrl, nsked liow he vrna 6ati«^it<di 
Tbt" dvpoiier rt^jdiodt that he ioird not to Apea/t ^'tkat 
jjttrjfo.ff^ bitr, that xhi.'y might know buw he wa» «ati^ 
fiori, br saiil, ' I ^lI»ll tell yoft tliv fiiortf, and jtul^ yim 
yuuraiflVtfS A«c / am taiiejittf; niid tiicrvaftir rt-lali-d 
lo ibeni tbe sum of the ronfrrrnee above deponed:] 

* |i vcm* »ii oilfl nuufm ftv tij\ton\h\^ Ihtf ujAfrivuto V> Mr Jnbn 

Orvbuiii tb&t ho Arvw If A/r/nrly, IVrlivph h wm m mv Af iHifiur, 

tf. Oi«h">Li BtHix^'il ^T I'l bit I'r«b/i4.-r), tanJ d^u ttjc whol* 

uuno Iwfmv thi> CunimilTrr, 





Furtbcr Uic dcpoiter, being inleri'ogaled if b^; kavw of 
Any other archora of Mr John's specohea tlian liimself, 
«n^wcrwl, iitai be liuti he^rJ, from Mr James Forsyth, 
ihjLl Air Jo\u\ liad &a\d to Mr Jnrnc?s, and Mr John 
Vy(et tnxniHieir Eit F<»wk'S, lltal t\wrv weni fivt- ^-Jitle- 
nea and n iiiiijihtcfr whom Mr JoLa cuuld luakt Ijig 
nitthor^ of ]iia s|>«-i-lios to ihe Pn."=ihytery, and dodon's 
tlut Uir Qiiim^ uf the geiitlerneu and iniriisterR were 
not lold to tbc deponer, 

*' Tbib de|iu6Jiiuii being read to the di*pouer* hv di^' 
claiVtt thf •tmixc tu be uf verity, 

•"J1nT biKt ofMny Hi41- This day the Torrsnid dc- 
pcwitioii hvlnf^ a^Ain i-eud lo the depotier, and he having 
given fats uatb, JtHrUrfs the i^ame to bi^ true, and i>f ve* 
rity in mdHluuct- uiid MrtiKr^ Eu'ctirdiug to his muuiuryr 
OS be fthfiU ntiKWcr to (Sod. (Signed) Mr Huhcrt Mur- 
ray. 8r. A. Gibaoiic, I. P. U" ■ 

On ihc unmr dny, Montrrwe himwlF was Miibjeeted 
lo tht: inlffroga Cones of Uiih Oornmitlee, aud hih I^wn 
•tat<ment« shall now be laid, before the reaijcr, from 
tbe orifsiiial rMaauFHrHpt 

" Th^ P^arl of Montroar licing drmrrd to »how whnt 
bad i^ntc'd lH-lwi3iL hin Lord!^hi|j and Mr Robt-rt Mur- 
ray, in the ii|>ecchc'a bad at Perth and Stoon, id the 
nunmon hnsinpss hiw l^irdhhijt tnld, tiuit Uv bad riuid 
to Mr Itobert that he wa* wrijng^ by the Mcandai 
rfiiKfti ujron the hondt whkh was not ngninfit thr C'O- 
vctiant or country, Aa likewine XM Mr Robert that 

■ Ordinal M^ iintormtl, " vl Mny. Mf KubcrE Murmy, bl* Je- 
a^wwn ami •utwTtlwl Iui-e May l&*\." 


be wofl xM by a rrty goml bond, Uiai tlwrv 
tcniloDs to makff a Dir/ofor, whicfi hr did imM tmii, 
bull bt'iiii; delivered tu bU Lcird^bip by bo ((uwl Juwli^ 
it WHA iricuiuhrrit mi liiin tn think upcm nil the mft 
to prtrviH'ti §iifii c[jnrAi«. 7'A« ww* ihejirni rmmmfvt 
stiii'^riffitig iht loud, A ftiYoiifi rruttoii wu*. it vfm 
told him tht'iv Wtrc H(>m(^ IidiuU {iflrrr'd lo he iiutHmbi 
rd, Mifiiie^ ulK^ix-of bi-iii^ ot ditU'-rniL tenon, thr Jiitrii- 
tioti of nil bring to lie- the *ubjr<;f i» n pntticiilftr wny 
of Bttbjd-liua ui particular ptTaoiis. A /Airrf rvastua 
wAEi aiiciit dit inii-iitmn foretrn/omtiff tA^cottntry^ And 
llip Jtmrfh n^JLMtii wiis ti dbKHnirs- ttbk'h uron lold 
faifl Luni^bip, whot'iby it waa rclntvd tbnt it w«> J«- 
tf-ndnl, nt tbr fiittlni^of tlie FarHameni m Jmtte iatf, 
to i/eposc tttf Krn^, imt\. buwi^vrr it wzik eriiilinued 
(jJUt oti) ut that tiinr. it \vi>uld be thv tirrl ik% of |bt 
ntrxt tn^niiif^ f^witoit of ihr l^nHuirnrnt, nnd thai tbt 
rdfttor of the dT^couree told Jt wa8 rc&olwd by lawy 
&nd diiineH, l!i»t tt nit^lil 1h' ft(\ And reitston^ tlrrnnri 
viK vi'ttfifione, dtner-iiitltawuX intaxione.* Jiriiignlwl 
if bi^ Lr>rdhbip rrmc-nibcrcd vi-hHb<T or not h« ^pcfaf 
utiy tiling of h triunmratv. Qni^wi-n» be rcm^itibrr^ not, 
but i.bnt tbr country wnii to be divided aiid (.-untoiird, 
wbkb wt'i-t' idl wit'. Mild (ilmt br) ronid not rcnH^Ur 
nil tilings, b<vau)t« ibey bnd two boun coofcrvuce^n 
tbr MitniJity ^t ni^fit in IVrib, nml nlKi> bring at Sooon 
on tbc morn tbvfcaflrr, Coufr^vA lljut bt? ii:iinc«l ibe 
Karl of Argyll! wwid br [if. to be] tbe mciii tn-jjotLh 
Furtbr and tbnt be wub tbt; jnnii inmfti i^atae jrpiJ^M 
[r c. wbo b,ul tpolccn] of (It^pcwin^ tbc King. lM:brv9 
thnt bin Lnnl^hit* is Tuit ihr nnibor or inventor of thi-*tf 



vwilil Uy U (Umti nt thi- ri^ht iloor. Ki-in|f qurstion- 
vil aiinil the ttixUrn who wirrc witncf^c^ to it as ^'oud 
■« hinueLf* derlAri« hiH ]>oix]ship had nald ihetv wi-re 
Hjcne of Ibe pArtii'ukini lu Um own hlowU-tl^'e^ jind Ihut 
tbfffv were icn or twcWc oihvn who would l>t:nr bim 
irJtMttt ftod tlisl to them all, amiw one or ulhtrr would 
be ^uiteti t<> t^tke thorn oir [lis hand, vi- pruve theDi. 
Thi^ Coajtmllt-'L* i(ji|H)iule(l tJie Kurl ul' MoiitruML' to Nhi>w 
bia oulhor. Being (tvflirrcJ to Jo it, tlic End of Mun- 
troM dp«im) tl>nt sinci? thtr t];krl r>t' Argylt^ wnx nnmH 
bj' bnn. ifAiM hr tcog ^fi>rtre(/ io do, {he) iiti<;1il t?Apres» 
hi* knouk-iljje iii tbi^ buh^iiK'-tK. T\w Earl of Argylt 
juiAWt-ntl, tluit he iliitin^hi h iiiciiiubriit In him lo dortr 
UmstJf. and would <l0 it [iinmc]i]i[ntrly if] ihv Cutn- 
teiUe-.' wnoM nji|n*inf. luin, Thr Unrl of Ar^yle, by 
buiintij uir/ry«/Vrrf, tleibrcd lliul [lie had iievt-r] ht-nrd 
of siidi a matter, nnd u'^ruld ntake it ^006 thnt [tb# 
mn] who uoiild !^ny ihut he was the in^io h|iokr ;jt il^ 

Bi(uK tbt^ Kii>;{> ^r] of bis kuoxvlcd|-« of thcbe buiidn, 
n iiar niid a ••••••.! 

" Tbo EnrI of Moiitnifie dL-rlnriH] ibnt then? were 
fovtr [rcAMJug for the bond be] hod spok^Ti of> Tbe 
jfffv/, n Dii-iulirr, tin* At^fonr/, Tiiur bunds fbo Mrr^/, ran- 
toniitg ibc vuuiitry, and Ihvjbnrt/t^ di^pu^riLg tlio King,'] 
He was loat^i to spcnk of tbc firet, biniiiar ihi* author 

f Th« niuiuHxipl iM dv^tiiiy wL by (Ump to tbwu pUicw wli«rv 1 Latc 
eonJt^ur&Uy «bpph«l ihc vumnuir*. The Lbf c|>libifi ft|iplioiI by Ar- 
Itylif BLusI be ]rl\ M (he [RiAfrinulluEi of llu' rpHilL-r. Thi' t^'tntngit N^ 
iwiit thv nnnliirv Hud iLiM^iity <if Mni1tn>H\iuii1 thr< tirijrncfl nf 4rjr|li% 
1a cl>«rvrm«iir, nn'l ri'mjml* it* nf uIiaI I Jurriiilk'pn lay* nl thi- UMd,"^ 
* br wii« ■ iiLitf* i.-uiliiisl ^wfTli flll iIk* fH4:i(Miu>«uf rmfl vrr*} ■U^vtiitulMUun 
Am urvcv fi^Hi^vh^y Fif Ifintf K""' Jt-'if(ri» (u vlTwI, ueiJ fiwl, Lii r*«rfifl>cl 
Wlil>v«tM(r iin'l jtuilj'iFiCy^H vvr; kimi ijK-rv^t ip SinriUiirl; yr[ ht haij 
BO lotnul 'fufllilivt. ifur t]i« fi-jiululivit vi nourv tuuniju tlmj> ifuWrnf 
9md MMtptriuuM pertunt. whijil ihcy iiiout widi no o|ipdiiilJu», unt uxfd tp 




thtTt'of (wns lint] \u thiH tuwji. Thnt, s-Uux there vnu 
a ncceMtit/, he tro«/f^ declArv^ but (hat the nitlLor dhl 
Dot speak It poxitirct biit onl)r upon [s^u^pijclon, Df- 
datVK tli;tt tlir L.ord Lfindta^ n'ju the atsai who lold , 
bitn of the DittJitor* iin(1oriTtD[ipmgcour»c«- Thcctr- ■ 
rur[i&tt)nc4* i>f the thKroUT^e whr, that when thit RiKns^i 
uttuirai ^rt^w to n Jow ebb, the Roiuan* thought it iti 
thflt all pciwer f^hotihl he put in one inari'^t pernon^ He 
witi luit fiay that thi; Lcird Liixl^ay eoniJest^emlcd upon 
the h^nrl of Argyle*s nn me, hut that heeondtJ^ccndedon 
the vt'iuiIDiet;tlor, llv cannot eoodeeeeiHl upuD the time, 
but that iE wuH beft>re the arratj crossed 3Wipy/; and 
hf'unl not fi'oiti nnycithi-rN uflhe niakiiifc «f n J>ieUitnrifl 
The four buiitlst, Aome of them were in the Karl of Ar- 
^\f\ oWTi nnrne, niifl i^omr pivj^t hy the K^irl himself. 
Same of the Athul people itre iufunnera of thene 1)umU 
CconeemittgJ the deptning the King, anil that the Earl 
of Argyle diHeoiu'wed tUerj^of before turiity or Uiirt^, 
gentle meij, fin(l that Inchninrtln and (lArninJIy uefe^ 
the hearers of tfie MnrX of Ar^yh* make that di%* 
courtie, \'\r,., that th^y were minilet], if not nt ili« 
xittinic of the Pnrlinnu'nt in June ln«t. to di^-pcMe thd 
King, that they wnulil ilo it :it Ih*' first of liie next en- 
fiuiiij; Pai'liuinerLt tht'E'cnftcr. The man ibat tuM th« 
Hurl <Bf Moiitriiw thin ilisrovinte ih Mr John ^4trwlut. 
6on to Mr Jninei StL^wurt of Lndyn ell ; and thnt ht, 
WKH the mnn ^t^ho told of T.h<^ four TK)nrf»i, whereof twtj 
at them wvie in the I^arl of Ar^yleV own uuine ; Lau^- 
<"r*> Gli^nurquhy. and Coinrey preat two of them, anij 
Argyh' other two *if tht'Uj. whvu he vjivi v\\\tyn his voy- 
x%^^ to the Loith, A^ for the enciintonirig of the couu- 
try, Arehibtild Ctiniphell wa^ prew^iil at the time ivlrea 
there whk n cojnmiiMion drawn up for the rule lie-north 
Forth, Bnd. bceitnne the Karl of Montrojsrn intrrc^t 

was ill ihow parui, hv wo» niit |>li'ns[-d wjth it/ m 
iberdWv il wat wrilieii i>ver agiiiii ; tlit Earl of Mon- 
trose's noiTJtf WOH jmt in it, and a new mt^Un^ ap- 
poiiitrd to trvdt iifmn it ; nnd Ihul this was I>rft>re tlie 
EiiH of Monirtwc't royngclo the north in iiTino [1639?]- 
Dvtik'&, (tint he know^ of nuy otht^'s wlu> ^oiiUI [iK> ru- 
len over ibej r«H of llic t\»uiilry, r*or ewr heard any 

" Afu-r rcfidin^ ofthivi jinpcr i[i public, the Erarl of 
>lontro»hi^ rfffirmal fhat thr JLor'fi IJmhti'j ntwirfi the 
Httri y/ Arf^tfi^ la he J}icitjfi>r, P>ut tljut^ be iljd not 
Kpcak out of spleen to atiy, but upon respect to the pul>' 
tic» and npitn jealousies and siispidons for thr public 

•' The Enri of Montrose remits the tenor of the bond 
to the Kath of Miir and Cu^silLs, ArrhihiUI ('iimplH-U, 
Md Mr Adam lii^^pburn, aud, for whnt hin Lordship 
rvineinbere, tfro EarJ of Ar^ylr was naTruul in it t-itlier 
«bM>lute Oeueral, or Gcuerul Coiniuauda-, uud that the 
lM^)teni<<n wi-rt- lo he of bi^ eomrnitw.t Hting posed 
if bU Lordnbip Imd nny other j^nlbon^ nuent the bonds 
and deposing the Kin|£, tban Mr John Stewart^ de* 
clarvd hi* hjul uoue otbLT. Ileiiig likewise po^ivd If bifl 

• Thai in Eo ny. Vi> presume, lh»t Arehi/juU Cnmpffil *»■ not 
pUmvd vkth \u Tlil« ArthithiM ("Auiplioll wn brother lo ^\r Jinui 
tkmpbvll of Lnwrf*, nnd n [wnutrinl fr'witA at Lofd Kttf iJcr'i. (lioii|{h ibit 

f Tht* uii.<au> tliL- bufHl wliMi ^n-Lihnlrl t^mpMl viw lirBwu up, 
ftod wbitli wiu nJlvnvntiU u(Fun.i| Eu Moii(iu»u firr viHrmlunf. wlivfi h« 
f«lii«i4t aiul «nJi] htf " mthv iiliuiilil iJi<i »r lin lUJ-" Tliv DUiilcioroT 
Pimb. Mr John ItubiTttoiii inu sTuunlpod {*y ihn ('oEumitu-c upon rbo 
18th June lH(t, Itli dAclandan ti «ub«tniitijklJy ihv aaatts u Mmi' 
tlvki-'fe itji4| Mr itnlwrt MurmyV But hit nM*,— " th«tlhuKi>rl nflrminl 
Ihftt tiie (ortaaiti IkxitI nnvnf tbr riiJi> h^nnrth Forth was olfpr«d to Inn 
lidHlillip ta ba lulmTiljcd by htm At C'At>H'jf> H'tjOf/, bcfuro (ho arlny 
LiOvtil Tmwl," 'nta ■miy ituim*! i^rwinl* Ihd onil at Auj^uit I04UL 
An^l(> vt Ehii ttnw wai Ml with u mntiy ia SnHhififir 


l^rdithip had ejiamint^d fnrhmartiu. Gurnlully, or any 
olbcr of the witiK'MT* ullr^rd by Mr John Su-warl,!!!! 
LortJaliipuiiHVftfrt^J.bcJiiKl piit K[KjJ(fii wichsny of tbcni 
oil thiit nuhj<H-t. 

" Thin wbivh was wrJtti^Ti aiifnt the Karl of M«n- 
troM, bM LiOr<Uhlp'« Uecbr^tivn, wa« read jn my Lonl'i 
bearinj; and prtfttenrc- i>r the (-omrnittec. 

■' Balmkuino, I, W D.-* 

We Hflve swn, Irom the privntc corrcspond«ic< 
An:htlxild Johnslon, Llj^t ihip rnciiuu n-eri; vtry tiiu^li 
nlflnrinl ibal linpeachr'tc-iil« Wi>uld be dim-tcd ngainit 
IherijaelvL'H wlu-n the Kiti^ whaiilH linid his Pnrtinmi^nt 
in Sfotluiid, mid there i« «vcry n?±i£u^i t^ hetievt^ tbat 
Argyll' hnd hiMitght nbout thiu co]li»[oii wlih Mo<itn>av, 
iu ord<-r tu cruuh any wiidi utUiuptM in tlip buiL 
Montroit. au'arp of bis dutigcn acted with hi« iv^uol 
piiimptiliLde ;ind spirit WV now take up iht- tbtrad 
of ihi! narrative front DUhop Gutlirk and Spttldini;* 
Giitlirit* r*ayH — -" List MoTitron^'s t'lieirik-^i shmiliL faavc 
dtitilt with Mr Jtihn to witlidmw and Jf>avc him in tilt 
hncnrd, hi' priUt^d ijuickly nvt'ay nnme grntlrnKa to Mr 
Jiilin> with whnrti lit' o.imc {*} Kdii]bur>(1i iijtoii the 30Eh 
of May ; and upon iUv morrow ap[>cured btfuru tbc 
CaninLittrt% iiud MjlhiLTilH.-d u pii]>i-r beririn^ aJt thai 
Monfnmf hmi ajfirmi'fi irt hit namt*. Whirzvupon 
Argyll' brokr oiiV inin a |>arvlon, nxirl villi fffvat 
DUlhb deiju-d the u'hutcartdevL'rj/ pari thervuf. wbi^rtul 
rfi^/ft^ woiidt'rt'd" Spuldiug chiiw narrates the ratull, 
'* Argyh- i-misi-s t'hnr^ Mr Juhn Sti-wurl to 0()ni|W4ir 
twforti tlitf CvimuiUw to answer for ttu-«c tpflvclirfi* wbo 

• 0riffim*il M.^- iiifimf* liy iho ]*r»-ii[lriil, Tint tiut by AlmilrrH*, U «• 
Wonvd ** V' -U«y IfUl, tUrl nl M«tnlriH4<'ii <WfinCi<ja uvnl «tel 
|iHS0<1 bvlwill lil> LordvJilp and Mr Koitwfl MMrrky." 


intte<ed obeyetl thi^rhnrj^, nTi<1 rompenr<?i1, nndfllil flMdr 
by ihr «i>«vh«, sayitij:; in Arj;ylf, Mf Lvrfl. I heard 
|W>K jtpeatt thr^ *torth hi Athol, iit ftrf/tencv of a ffteat 
Marty pto/t/f, w^t'tYfif' ijoti arc ht gomf memory. At^yh- 
fttJsw^Tt, saying, whik' hv wan in Alhio! lie found the 
SlFwarlhllji-rirn^kiiist ihcMibKrHbiitg nf tiit-C^vi'iiant. 
to u-1iotii hta ttnid, this rniL-iiAiit was not ag^imnt tlii? 
King.but for RfligioTiAndLibcrli^aortbekiiigdcn^ And 
if t\^tty itouki nut !«ub^ml»e Uip sfiinir^ It iniglii lirtwtl 
lliemsrlvi:-! bulb jicril mid sk^tith ; Ibr if Lbc body ul' the 
nmnlry Wfuild tioi go oni.' w;iy, but be divided nj|;(iinaL 
llinafeU'v«, it wevv an hi^bway lo bi-ijj^ m t\\K KngltHli- 
PMu ttiit>tb^)aMd.l4> dMhruiie tbc Khtp. nud bring; tbe 
BubJes umlrr M.'rvitiidr »nd sbix'LTy. Tbf^ be reniem- 
bcr^rd (o luvt- finid, but dented any ftirtbrr." 

Ho«-tvcr up! tbe covenaiitmg coinmiiie* Wtre to 
ado^rC. niirioui^ iind privutt- t'onvcrsnlioiis ns ^rijunds 
Qf criniiliol ptfXJC7J(« nguiiisl stny wbo oppost-fl tbcjLi, And 
fthboit|>b tlinr nniok-n of war inadu it doatli lo ^f>eah 
agaiuftl ibr King or his authority, ibcir iiiquittiloriul 
ri^ur ni-em?! not for nn instnni to bnvc brc-n direited 
iguin^l Argylc* \u HityiH-r, bowever. had Jo!*n Slew* 
an put bifL baud to th«^ tufon nation \\t ^vt Muitti-wc. 
tbat)brrStt'wart>>i'fi3!4ciit toprUorr, Theren-eiriiislkiivt; 
tbnt unrL>rtiijinlr gi.'ntlpinnii untJf WfT dovtb)pe anotbrr 
scene tn ibi? dr^ma nf covorianriii); jiistico^ 

Lurd Lii^it^ay uiis jdureU in uii u«'k"'urd prLHtint- 
itK'til. Montrose XiixtX afiiniii^d tbat be nmncd the L^arl 
Argyll n> tbo pcTMin who ua» Ui he OirtAUu', iind 
Arf^j'lvhad volunU-vriHl hii^ git-Atontb Ihnt .-UlthU WiiHn 
foul cuJumiiy. Tbo coivnonthig coinEiiitin* wrro ;ier- 
ptrxi^lntidmiiiuyHJ.IurLJudh^y wAsaleailor of (hr fai> 
tioii* \>l Monlro»r wa* not lo be easHy disrrcfdited ; 

* This Vn« Jubii (cntli Lnr^l Uncluy of Byrtia. Ula pUnI •> Vj/A 
VOL. I. U b 

i J 



ami hilhcHo he lud [hrorcU his d^-vUration to be crue> 
It vroa not for /^ AV^^V interest that iho nutter tf» 
Ukni up, l>ut imirl/ for ttir «ke of Ar^Lr, aod luoil 
prohfkhly ut hitt in;£tnn{.'<-- He wnx to be clraml, thcrr- 
Tou', nl all EtBKiinlM, tn^fiiL-i- his Mi^^ly sljwtM arritr 
ID ScoiUnd ; and It rt-maitked for Linduiy to exUi> 
cnt« hiiii^^lf mkd tht^ farliuri fruni the* sBCAiid^ iu qvrt- 
tioij. How thii waft cflccted, w'}\l 1w licet told hy \itt 
on^inttl mauuacriptJ), 

" 4tli June 1641. In prcwnco of the Committer* 
The Lor<l Lind^ny dosiiiyd to knou- if the Commjltoc 
hud aui/ thing In spvuk tf> hin ItortMtp, becttusi< be w** 
to go to Ncwcavllc. Whereupon the quu«l)Ou J^i« I 
anent the spivrbes reImM by ihc Bnri of Monlfiow, vt 
htivt" lnvii spoken hy him t'lmeeruiiiK ^ Dicialot, wbt^ 
thet the Lord Lindi^ny should tuiAwer tu thut^ or if it 
wvre vueb a rnnttor as ineriU to he n^itatcd-* Tbr , 
Lord Lindsay dc^irxnl to know what was spuken hjrfl 
the KnrI at' Moiilmso which refl<ji'twi upon hirw, hr 
for(T jLiiy tJiiij.^ wjui dmiC' Aee^rdiu^ly whereunto tiu 
paper was read and delivered to him, that he might 
rotisider thi^reof After cotisld era lion wfairreof, tbe 
Lord Lindnay denired to know wheth^-r or not ilic 
Harl of MoiiiroKe hrul Jiiiy uion- tii lag/ to htji char^r* — 
TUvt Earl Moutj^He aiistvt^red, (hat this was tbe «nbif 
itanct^ thereof, and that the Lord Lindsay's di&coiirK 

of LindiB^ WB* midfl out lor him in I03J, biil tr^r4»hflH in rAiut^^nriKt 
ufbin juiEiitiif t\ii Kuiliim luii] BiilTiHiriuu tisutlOD, Ud obl» il. imif* 
oviT, in I'itI, wln-n <.'borl<:« wn bkIuc**! I*» n»*«nJ lith mivuiivl K* 
(lIjiu u^tuluL'cI ilic t'Ui-Eddiii uf <.'niw/T>ri1. opon (he forft4(u;T of Lmlvki 
Earl Iff rri(wfur<]. nml m^ lE^'Ai/fLi^iI Fjirl uf Lincliiiy eadiI CmwfbnL 
• ThcflOTDmiihij wrtv not nn *;rupvJijiM ahctni ]i|ti>aiiii|f dw uiW 

t Monlrniip hiuJ ninrti' iiu rlmr^v AgiiinpU UiiHAy. All that |w 4^ 
fiirc*d from him )>v thi< I'Mininirivtp 

HoyrnoaE ANO LUflll LIUDSAY. 

Inferrtril Ht iHud) as tTi*' Mnrl of Argyll wns th*^ innn 
incuiit IfyOit'ij;} tiul because. Jtx the dn^iu^tstfiticc of 
thr discoHT'sc. tlirrc mny be oihcr men tonccrntd whom 
tli« Garl Moiilro^e wn^ krntli to iiaiMc, he de8ir<Hl uot 
to stpc^k amy furtlier iu it. ' 

" The Kwl ftf MonTrraw Ht'clorcil thnt the Li>rd Llnil- 
wty, [hfT MoniroKvlfnIlinp with him ufionn iv^'ivt uf the 
course uf buaiuees tu this couutryi and that Honjc wurc 
crying Mp the Ear) of Ar^yk t(H> miich, wht-rmipon ih* 
LonJ Lindsay aiiswciod, thnt such a mfiii »pcakiii^ to ibt* 
tonir pur|Tr>!e>to]d th^tt tlu- Romans, when their adkira 
wvrv At II litw rhb, rrmdir chuice of nne in he u Dictator, 
that the commniul Khmild be in one innn s person, sik-Ii 
m man ab haJ following niid power, and to fiiv Lurd- 
kbip^H mi-mur>' llie L[)nl LindsMy named the Kuvi of 
Argylr U> be ttic man pointed a1« and that the dUcoui'se 
hiferrvd so miifb ; and withiif ttudvaffd Ihv I^r/rti Lr/ttU 
taytnHMuot think an ij thing <^f it. because it \y.\% hut 
upon luvpidons nn^ jcalousfes^ 

" Thr. Lord Lindsay uj^ked tlie Earl of Montrose^ 
wlieiberor not he said there was any 6ucb intention to 
iDolce a Dietutor. who uimwered. that he due-i not nay 
tliAt thf Lord Liiulfaay £aid it ^xuriViur, but I'mVn/fW* 
Off by infrrenee. 

'* Thv Earl Montr<;se jnid Lord Lindsay bein^' rt-- 
raored. the Earl of Ar^yle desired to ip^^flk, who told, 
that siiKV hJK Lordr^hip'rt nufne wj\a ineniiortei] in the 
■ttiac^ be desired that he ml^ht iw mrttU etcar of any 
tbiiig may reflect upon him ; nud, next, he thought it 
fltlMl dial eaeh uf the noldenien nhould bet down the 
ditcourae (that) pa^^ed, and then the r-uinniittee might 

* llMUfqiv, bawvn4, ^innwd* m hi* JAilvatLoa, pralH^7y frorn hnr- 



cake tlir snnir to corsi^rrnlicir, wb^^lh^-nhe^c divooui 
Vii^v tiofdiy it/ttrfhfr ht^ring. Wbicli llir ConiMiitl 
taking lo ooMul<-mti'>n, foiinfl that llii* «nit)c ttid k 
waff/Iff iur^r ft the Korl ^Arg^^ sinct- ncmc of Ihtm 
\m\ siiitl ilmt Uic Earl or Ar;;yle bad any such b- 
lfmi(m« or wjjs ftrcrssnr}' to ■ny i-\\<\\ iimtlou. nnd 
thought till) Inst |)art most tit; niuMlion^on? Ihc Com- 
mhttt^ appoiutfd lh« BarJ of Cassilis, Lorda J^]nii-Hnf^ 
and XnpicT, to tnke Ih-lWr.' thoni itei-litnitioriH u|>rtrt,aLid 
to F-tudy to Hocoinmodnto nnd reconcile; tli^ir deetBn> 
tiom, * if po^siibly thry can, oud to report to tbr Ouu* 
jniltL-f, tluit tlifyrnnytJihtriiotiuc- uf tljediflrrx'iKe.iraiij' 
abaU bi', nnd lo ndvise wbcOn-r the matter dfv^w • 
f\irtb€r consLdcrratioii or not, that the public 
nmy bt' I'<-nluvl^d. 


Before the three noblemeu pameil abore, M 

"4lhJuncl64L TheE:^rlofMoi)troAcd«eiu«, 
tlie I^i'fi LJmlhay, [hi' Aionlriiw*] ftillrn^ witltWnil^iei 
ztre^^ttrf tite cuiinavof busin<T£$h] lbi!<coiid1ry,ojidthat 
somr were crying iip the Earl of Arg)ie loo inurfi, 
uhfrtU|io[i tia' Lunl LiiiilBay aiibwertx), lliult^ucli iimaiii 
Speakiug lu the ^nuw piirp<ise, told tbitt tiitr Ri>iiiui^_ 
when their iiiriurs were nt ii low ebb, or in dislrvd^l 
tliey n>ode choite of vi\'^ lu be n Dittiitor, that thr ewa- 
miiiiti fiilffbt hK in viie iTian'ti peraoHi 9uch a ouc an hod 
cniniiiand, fjiul pnwer, luid foUowin^ ; and di 

■ ll vTtt probably wtlh ibU vivkV tlml I.i->ri1 >u|i[tir*ii 
licw fiijuirvd. Till' ciiujititU^i; wuru obviously nmi'b itlunacd 
my* |tfviiciiiii tv i\ihnin]tvT. Montmtf tlnrj- wtre (hlj^Tiug in 

thffi, to hit htvt *mrmftn/, the Lttrd Lind^ny named tJtu 
Earl of Ar^liT to be the man puiiiL^ nt ; but liowto- 
ervr, the u'lmle drift of tlic* ciisi-uLirnf? did irtftT hu njucht 
jw ihp E^rl uf MtjittrcML* did conceive the same*"* 

Lord fJndtuiy'M dtrcln r^iliun a|ipeftn to \mvti boi^ii ua 

"-Mh June I&4]. TheLori) Linilfiay tftolar^^, ttuU 
at Edinburifh, In a discounte belwrjxt tb(? Earl cif Moii- 
troBd* ami bliii, the- Karl nf MnnrrnM* n^iki-t) how Inm- 
nCTs wrnL For answer wbereuiilo, iIk' Lord LiiidMy 
said, he hfld iiUorrd upon no htiHiiieA^ sjiice he rame^ 
Dor hml not A|NJke witU uny purlii-HilniH Mnvv hh Lurd- 
Mp'rt corning to Edtnlmr^ti ; but did relate somo di«- 
roum* ntfldr to Idm by some? poiJ^ons, wbifb was in Mib- 
fttttDCV OK follows. One ^riet' w»k u rt-^rrt ul the divj« 
noM md jcnloiules t^f this country ; nnnth<. r wa* fhnt 
il was A piiy tlmt wr who nre ClirJKtlaii, and havv not 
only our Libert ltr«t lands, wiwh unU children, Inu aUa 
our religion in qn«.4tion, cnnnot ngrec unmngKt our* 
^vvw, whiiNt lh« RoninnK, who arii bnl Ktlinic, when 
tbeir aflTairii came iu hazard, they wonld a^rec aniong 
thrinM-Jvex, «ud mi fur yield iine lo unollier. that they 
would mftkr one of ihcniMdvo to bt- Dictntor, to have 
the ao!e power over them ; yea, private enemies when 
titty wen- employed in public ntl'ijirH, did Jay down their 
pri^itcciuan-cK and join in hearty union no bug n# 
Ihe public was In question. And deelarrs thnt neither 
ibt mail, ifl'hti niiide IhJF^ di?<crjnn<e. named (he Earl of 
Argylc, ornny other mnn; neilhcrdofalhcdepouer re- 
member that ever lie named the Earl of ArgyJe, or 

■ Onj/iiut/ JHS. ^JJ|TlDct, " MonClw.— f^mbiUiii. Bulnkurintii Kuix/r," 



mt%n% (hat thcvc uru any intention to tnak« lbe£4il 
ofAi^ylc oifliiy oihpr, Diclalornt nil ; And rem^iuben 
that iu a dihcuurst- ^illii^r :jI tti^t Ijiiic^i ur at mmhc oilier 
timr, ibc- Kni'l of MoiitnMi- u^k'mg U' tilt- dcponcT knew 
that 1 hi' Knrl wf Argylt; u-ni^ u> have nny pref^nntui, 
jtD^wcrod ibnt he knew not of Any, but that tlwrv vai 
a ^real ee[«t^iii hu<l ifi' liiin iti tin- l'uuii try-"* 

The9C dcdnrntion^ are <1a<cd the 4lh of June, aadil 
will \w r^fiK'iEiU'rei] that Sir Thonitt* Ho|>e, hi lii* ki' 
tcr to Arc hil>ald Juhiiston. il-itvd i\\v Tlh, snys — " Tbc 
ixiiui fi>r tlu- whJdi Moutroiti- nlh^grs Limlsay'a aolbi^ 
ty 18 iiol yet t-Ivared/' — yet, of tlial same duU-, Ibe firf- 
lowlnj^jutl^int-iLt on the matler uraa priMiouoced bjlk 
(!(iiiimi1irr uf K?«t»ii-M (Irt wlimii (U'^siJi^ liabnmn^ 
aud Napier, I^ekI re|>ort«J the dvckratimj^,) ati appctft 
by tile original irimmscnpt. 

"At Kiiinhiuf^b, Tlh Jtjiu- l64J. The ConiujitlivhaT- 
ijig coTibidned ttj^ Earl of Monti^»>e, and Uie Lor^ 
J.indsay, ihdr ilroltirutiuiiH. ^\ nnd havings compared 
tbcrn together, find, Ihnt aa it itr pojutibie (he EaHof 
Montrose htk^ niintnkcn the L<»rd LindivAy'.s vxprnvipti. 
so ihty liiid by ibt? wunl.s wliitli iht- Lord Lindaayrc- 
nieniherK, and hap! alI dowi: uudor fiiti huniir that tht^re 
was no groumljov tfi^ said mitfcan^^epttitn. 

''Sr A.tiil»oni% I. P. IJ-"^ 

* Tbv B-tlOVA U l^Om wliaF]i|t;H«iir«tiilv tht^nr^jriimtdmncifTjoilvr'i 
ift^rlnmrum, vny mufJi r«rrv<]#ik, bor ahI Hi|pcri bf any ou*. laOAOV 

^ Onffintif JUS' It U riMnpirititbW tlmt Hir Tlmniui HopV^OQW 
tlonat N'<'%i-i.-iii(lt', I-iJfil Liru!»iy'* I'onvermtion wlili MoDtroftc^ aiiid M- 

tinn to rtrfnmtitfj Vfmi-ft*, v-'^t* nil omivil nn tlio fiimo pJni^ namdf, 
«■ liAffi'iK Imii ■ v^frral Uiatniinv nut iiituiulinpf ihi' /furTJt-trfiT^ t^^ 

uoNT rose's principles. 391 



The original documenU contain^ in the last three 
chapters were unknown to Clarendon and Hume. Con- 
seqiieutly these great historians had not the means of 
protecting Montrose against the calumnies of subse- 
quent writers, who, in equal ignorance of the details 
now disclosed, have assumed to his prejudice a very 
di0erent theory, from what is suggested by these do- 
cuments, of the motives and circumstances which in- 
fluenced his defection from the Covenauters. The se- 
cret correspondence, in 1640-41, betwixt the Procura- 
tor of the Church, and the clique (for it was no more) 
of covenanting lords, lairds, and lawyers, who held 
sway in Edinburgh under the command of Ai^yle, to- 
gether with the private records of their inquisitorial 
examinatious, tell thus much of the story so minutely 
and curiously, and bring so completely under our view 
the dramatis personte of that hitherto darkling chap- 
ter of Montrose's career, that instead of weaving a nar- 
rative from such materials, and consigning the graphic 
originalsto the obscurity of an appendix, I have thought 
it best to give them verbatim in the text. Indeed it is 
the principal plan and object, throughout tliese Illus- 
trations of Montrose and the Covenanters^ to produce 
the hitherto hidden details and narrative, contained in 
the private records of the Covenanting Government, in 

VOL. L * 

■Ui^gvd un|iriiicipM tvf]Biv«fMtioD, UuuiJ-tLindypulky, 
and luJUi unbition of Mufilrabr.forni a [iroitiinmlanl 
IvYiHiritc tbriDc- £vicd 90 for on wr luivc goWflhc do- 
cnnwDts producrd n^fgW a rtry liiiTcix-nt idea of the 
EneritA of MoDtrti«v*B politkal inoliveH aiMl cundnrL 
Tbey oprii up aikI lay han to a civufliiSerablp trxtcnt ih^ 
privAtc pr<HvtHliij^, aud crcii Ujc s«rrrt lej^riiigs nf ac- 
Uoo, which brottghl on tbc find jicfnc of Ihat crin* ii 
wbfch it ii'o» tlir nbjriTt of MortlrrHc to savv the dk^ 
tiniY-liy, unci the object of ibir ilojuiriuiji |nirty in Sort' 
laikd todtriitroy bvtb ihutoiid Montrose. crctb<?ysbQuJil 
loso llK'ir imiriT. 31r Hroilic, »ri his Fhnlnry of iIk 
BHiUb Empire, hni mrordcil thai Momixw w« 
'• blontMl witb ioiqulty." ThU author jvnbbi* aevtrt 
fmiXvnce ufiou IiIm own viewtt, aod hi* omu vmMii. of 
Montrosi-'s early carrir, find ol' "thr I'lot'* and "lit 
Inrident." niyslt-rious tirvntD which ^rrwout of the ciWi 
now illu^lmtcd. Otht-r original documciiU, fully de- 
fidopiop thr fiiMnry nml ;n^rrt innchfn(*Ty of tboor 
evrt^tTt ubu» Jiiid ill lik^* ludunr-r U*lliii{; tliHr mvii tfloff 
nilouUly Hud graphically, aliall hv prt^vtiUy disclotnl. 
Wert vrt may piiunt^ fr>r u mo'iwnt upon Mimtrow's piv 
•itioii with thr CovrnfiEit<-n hi \$^l, before pti^duciti^ 
a TtT>' iiktTfv>liU|; ilhii^trattoD of hb priiK-ipIrs and a^ 
cowpli^i incuts and vae tu wlijcb he will be fouad b* 
»prali HoUy foe hitiurif agaiiut ibe modem uvfciko, 
that, in hb first adhrmKv to Ifav Corvtuuit, and attbas 
ducot opfwfjtiuu to tbo MoTcmrot, whkb made tkil 
i\fVt4Kaul Its C3ic«3«r, he bad brcoine Uoau^ with i»- 

A iiem y«Att «f gnat facHoMiii bid pMMd bHvl 


tnl 111* prr^tit critical poiiition^ We have scci\ how, 
Al llie dose «f ihc y«ii- lt>:57* he was iierHunririi, hy 
ltvUi«9 and liis clcncal agitators, to take a public and 
proiniEieiit pnrt oi^afiiHt the fiolicy cf Laud. Itj ihc- yi-ur 
iGStI, HI- fiuii tiiia coi;5pk"uou& in lliv ini.-in terabit- As- 
sembly wliicb liL-stroyi-fl ihi^ liionirchy« nnil Ub'iir|H'<J the 
fuiK-tioiM gf Ooveniniei/t m SrutlaniJ, Tho ycnr !C>S9 
discovers Montrose flt the hcnd of a convcnanEinj^ fi>rce, 
^]j<ML4| ill urni^ to the atiU-i\jveii:i[ilL'[^ in Scutl'tJiil, 
tarried by the inilU^ry excitctri^iit so cougeiiiuL to hig 
dJfi|>OKitioii. but, wllhal, laffrcifLiI iu hih iiKi^ of An? nml 
tiwonJ a^iflat hi8 toyal couiiUyini-n, eveu to a (J^i^n^e 
tJuitcaJltfd forth the inurmiirsaiuldisnpprobatiuri of the 
iDOKt CDimciviLtioiLi. tivilizt'il, anO accotuplisIii^U of the 
COVcimDiiiig tbrgy. Th*' flriti-nioiiurfljiml propfwition* 
prf86e<I JD the <iozierul Aiifiojnbly UvUl ihnt t^amo year, 
iiBuediAtfly ^fter the tivaiy of Derwiik, nevm first IQ 
liavc awjiki'iiLiI MoiLlroBL* to the ]m|>or1mit quL'irLtiuTj, 
whftt wa> to he tile limit of this revolution in Si-othujdt 
Aod whore the precise point nt which eovennnting de* 
jtia^nds were to eea,£e> jjnd the spjrjt of ]oy:iIly uii(f 
obedience to the inotiurthical poverniucnt, to n?vive- 
Accordingly, in this Assembly. Moiilrubeur^eil n^ninnt 
the urw impi'lus. propoj^ed in the dem^iEids^ thnt tlie 
most hnportflnl prerogatives of the Crown fihonld be 
Innftfrrred to tin- Pari ia men l. From the principle of 
thw oppuKJtioii he never awerved- ArehiWd Jubri- 
>.ti>n himwlf telU us thut, in the ]^lrhul]]ent of 1^40, — 
^ Moniroi^c did di!>|mte agiiinKt Argylc, Itothcx, BaJ- 
ineriiio, find jny^'lf ; UvniiM' Mjnic nr^'ed* thati nn long 
u we had a King, we could not ^It without hijn ; and 
it ^vuii answered, that to do the lesa wan murv lawful 
than to <lo the greater," In that name year, Moiitro*c 

aHinttIn] f run 
■a tlidr DlUnutr objreU 
o w gi i iT cjgu md GMum 
Iwnwirfiiigly fil- 
of fau var*i mfEpidons, vrhidi 
Ml ibv VHBotr disdosnl in Uns i»uw< 
t^ 4ctiib of bb con ie ittKqi wiifa 


TUv pefiod of Juotraar'^ puhlie camr mtly Mstf^ 
him l» 1^ iraqr-MAft ytv vf fan sf^r. uil bad IW 
<liap, »bkb pov ctMr oW tbe spirit of bis dran. 
no better faaodaiiao tban tbe ofirkr oud iticinniilCDCjr 
«f a atricnl fvotbt rfoi ibtn tbr drvuntnUmcM of bi* 
««HyciWiC W«b> oo*t^fairiybri>pgfaiModtirUwciitegQffy 
rf H^tkftl Ufootj. But think. 10 
penuv ibe contmiporwj rtvonb deht produced, without 
beio; fvtsBsdcd tbat UootnMv wm* OMMtMMMMHly jiv- 
ttfiEvliii«ll bedid, nndill br wi«hcdtndo>fbrlbeuie4r 
of tbc Tbra», at liic cmih iu queeUoQ- It waft Uavtf 
UunWGrbo »aid of him that^i^'' Souictbiag. bower«r««f 
tbe tmsi and UDboundal cbanictmieod hut odiam mi 
drportuieut, and it iras tn«rcl>- b)- aa berajc «0Wlif 
duly that he bruU|;bt his mini, iniiwiicot of miperiorkj. 
mnA evvo of cijualJty» Ui psijr Mich tinljiuitvd nubmWiB 
to the w^U of bia Sovcra^.'' * Btti hod onr ^real 
bvtorian aeeo tbc documcnto vc hnvc t|UotL-d. nxvd tJion 
wo woboat to qiioce* pcrbBfM he fiould have A«id that 
oxtrtinc iuyaliy. oimI even a romoiitk idi-oof moittr- 
diicol govmutiLtitt dioractenwd UontroWt and iJitl 

■ HkuryofEiVlui^tU. lOl. 



ui heroic effort, of wliftt he concoivcd i« Ix? 
to dnty to Ms coiwUy, wa^ h^, for a time. pEacrO hi 
oppo«itioti to tlic Jticksurm of (he Court. Tbc circiua- 
•lailCM of MontrckM-^K cdiicniioii, hithcrtn tnihnrnvii, tihto 
ifloH an fNijJo nation » of thvhe iJ[iri.Triit pItuNt-is of hw 
tinttt llial l^ii<U to redeem tfaeok from the cbargo of 
luttv capricr mid fBeKLHlizieM*. 

Witli 11 ^ery few abriuivU cf the yc^r 16:J7. zero] for 
ihc Covrciitnt h,-id hern uniaiiite^I by rme iintMnoimrL'hi- 
cal feeUti}f, aiid ibt^ dieniay of such, on ditjCovcriTjg 
ibeir error, wnxy be better understootl tboii dtaorlbed- 
Of this nuiiilh'r wiis Lord Nufiivr. Tliiit rxi^L^Ueiil 
tod pioUF noblvjiiai] had brcn rcnrcd by hi* fntber, 
the great iiTiti-|Mi|>iKtini] u-rltcr of bividiiy, (who <vji> 
■Urred bis immortal ditcovory of the Logaritlime 
as nothing in corapariKoii wtlb bin <'y|>ositloii of tbe 
Apotmlypcte^) In M duir ubhurreiice of the Pope, and 
ptrJuipet it] iriori- thair dur di-ilikc of prdntic digni- 
ty and power,* but ol the «ainu tiino eo Joynlly 
as to bo connived while yet a youth into tbe bands of 
JaiLiim VJ., who, o[i his deattibed, n.<eoininLMidL'd him to 
" baby Cbaries," aa one " frev of partiality or any fac< 
lioux humour" And accordingly wrc find that Napier, 
botb brfore And ;iftcr tht^ excited period when be too 
Joii>ed in covenant wifh a innsked faction, was hii§ifd 
with h'vi favouriU-' ttubject. and one wliich we are now 
apl to consider a^ the vc^ry autij)odc« of covcnontinK 
, politJrx, iiJiiiii'Iy, " i'lnbornl*' di^^coumcH" to jw^vp the 
rigM takings, Moutroae. ag&iii, wu educatnl 


JiOXtliOtt ASD Til£ COV£StAyTftK4. 

uudvr th« euprnatciicl«i>ocuf tbUpbJlocophicalUkdffv- 
ctUatlv^ noUeniATi, and, ofavMnwIy fmm thut sounne, hnJ 
ilci<jil]r inibibnl tli«f fiane «xaltrd. it nuiy be iinpnircica- 
blc, iheorirs of Muaartfay— •theorim whirh ndUicr 
MofklrtMr, in bU bin cov«fiauUD|e<?9cdUuiicuU ever itrvaml 
o( prnciifnlly iiti|)ugntiif- But h-Ji«ii \ftplrr «iid Jjdu- 
tniw dihcoverrii thw «nU>itioii4rchioil aud dMnctiw 
teiulviicy i>f (lit* Movctiiitii, tht-y instiintly todeavowtd 
to ivclify tbeir Use poflUfcoo by, as it provnl, the vain 
aiMl lUngvroiu expedWttt of « priirate a&BgdBticm n 
defence of the fhroiu*. Ilcim arwt: the few Coosfr- 
rativi'S uf iGll^i, by vrhkb wv Jitonri not tbe JoyalisU 
4-ho. l]k<- Huntly and the ractnomblt? baroitt of tb? 
I tort b, wen- jilw^iys iL^tiiiinl In tiie Covv-isoitt, iior}yt 
ihtf wt^U-mcnniitg bc^iMcred vflvt^vn of tlw ScoCdi 
ikristocrocy, bin tliost^ 4vw raittticDtJoiiK pftiriots, wbcs 
bnviii^ jEvLiloiuly joinv.H!l in n Covcuaut ttviuiiig witli 
holy Anil li>}-jil profegitiott^, t\UK ^^'hcn tb<-y Ui?»cormil 
ils prAi-licfiJ Winking, turn iVuni it vitli disgiul, 
earnestly stni^glcd to fjtvo tlic King. 

Hut, iMi tli« subject of Hit poUticstl jinndplce by 
N^bich Afontro«c wnii mrtnAtnl, lu^ yJiiill be allowed to 
ftjM-nk for liiinsrir. Hms f*j\]ow'mg Idtcr h4t8 tierer Immi 
publiiiKt<d ur noilcrd tiofi»'e. Vrt, xibccbrr iveU foand- 
cd or nut in it« uucuj^rproinjaia;; vatini^t« uf llit? diviiic 
rigbt of kiugv, (but ktkr ultWibt an iinc^uivocnl ^pvcj- 
invii of lofty imndpIrK mid ^-iiiTiniH frrlrn^?^ bisiorlrat 
K'nrninft, iirid (lfi»ic t&Etc- It Rpix-ai'n lo bave bn^n 
written ilurirnj ihetrcaiy of London, in lti40-l, at tbe 
very \KVUMi i>f Arcliibuld Jijhmiva% nsrfvl corrvnpuii' 
doncL-, disL-lof«d in a fornirr cbni»ter 

'* NoblrSih. 

In tho Irltrr ymi did mi? the Ijriiiour to si'iid ttt*s 
y«u nwvc n qu4»tion in /iro tfflrv?^, t<) give ii Hntisfiic- 
toiy ariwrr tn whit'h iv(inire»( wi>rk8 and v*dujiu'>*. not 
IptU'TS. K<%MeM, ihv iiiuttvr iji uf i^u bubliuie uud IrAiis- 
nMuUiit > HJiurv n? U nhnvr my rc«di, iiiid not fit for 
tttlhjrrti tti ttieddTe with, if it wc-re not to do ri^ht tn 

iTi'ipii |K>urr, ill n tiiiiL- wln-ii *o mf/o/^ is safti anti 
9ane to thr dijtgrac** aiifi fii'rogurinH of rV. Noi't-rtlit*- 
Ihm, Iu cibt?y yinir dt^biie* I ivJII didivor my opinion, 
fint coiicvrnin|f tlie pntun-. c-t»eulial ports, nnd prnctic*? 
of ihr Hiiprrmr [Miwrr in gnvi-riitnrni nl" rdl sort*. 8i?- 
coudJy, I H ill ahcw whvmii tliQ htren^^tli aud weaknrcs 
tlMTCof cviwirtti. «nd tlie tlFects of both, ThirJly, I 
wHI Atifiwcr Hanii? nrguitii-'iil^ iitid fjilw ijmilioiis inaiu- 
t«)Di^ by the iirr|)vigncr» of I'oynl powpr, and thnt with- 
out porlinlfty. nijd ii» briflly tm ! can. 

** Civil MM:ii:ti<7s> so pku^^ing In A]ii)i|flity GixJ^ caii- 
pcpt svibei«t ivithcnit govcrmntnt, nor gorfrnmrnt with* 
out* Bovcr^^if^rL jiowi-r, to fon-e uhodit^nLv lo law^ nrid 
jiut ojmnijtiidv, iu di^potH* -itid dirt'Ct privuto i;rid(:!n- 
Yoor» to piiMk' cmU. nnd t(i iinitr J^nd iii^rtrpnrnl^ XhQ 
fi^veral mcnilH'r>j IjiIo one k^ody |iidiIio, tliJit with Jutnt 
m<kjivour^ Blid ^bElific-n llifV timy ihf hetter iidviiTict^ 
thi* pihlir giifKl, 'J'lxis suviTi-igTily is u pouitr m:cr Ifw 
petffff^, ubovp wbidi pi^wcr thcri^ is nuiw upon t<ur(h, 
wlioM*ftt-Ucnnnot be rreoiridvd hy any oclitr* iiihlhiitcd by 
Aid.forhuglciryiLiid tbetiriiiporulitiid iru-rrmt bnppiiit*H8 
of mm. TbiA isit tb;it inrvtordi-d ao nfU by the wi><d<ini 
ol niiliciil tiinr*, !» br ^^Jtrrrd nnd inn^dnhlc^lhi- tnu'At 
tmagvaiid re|ir(-4ic-iitation of tbii |iowcr of Abiiigbty God 
U}K]ii t-nrth — not to b*.' t>oiind<'d. d]!«[>nt<<d> rncdilJinJ u'itli 
bI nil by KiibjcctsL, wbu van xw\eT hiimWc it. tiiou^ti 
i>cv<r M> wniiiy, but it ij* lh«r^t»y woUDdi^, and ttio 





ptihlic^ \icnci' iJifltiirbrd. Vrl it in Jiniitrd by the lawi 
of God and nnlurF, nnd soino bws of uatiuuitr mul hj' 
the fandumi-ntal la*d of thu c«iiutry» ubich nrc thrtse 
uytiii vt'hivh KuvtrHgti jiowcr ttm-lf ri^f^tvlli, In |»rL'fad4i:e 
of wljicli a King fs,i\ do noltiing, and thou? atoo uhicb 
apciirt? i(> iht' giMHJ Hubji'ft hl?i liimotir, hw lifr, atid the 
pri>|icrty uf l»ia gijods. Tliin p<mcr, (oot spraking tif 
thoM wbo nro Kings in ntiinr only, and m eflVct. bul 
Pn»cif}es XvfnUuui^ \it IJuctui Urtiit uur of ilir arbi- — 
trury and despotic pow^r, vrJicre ouc in head and all ■ 
the rt'Kt i^lnvrs, hiu of thnJ. which in HtiVi-rrign orerjr^ 
9h}^cc(^,) ib slilJ ou(^ and the aarui?, in puititA ON>cntin[, 
wlK-rever it be, iibtih*;r in ihf person of a monarrh^ <it 
ill ri_/jfm jtrinriprtl met, ur iii tlu; Kfiltttrir ttftiw. people. 
Tbv e§aentiaL points of 6ovi?roi^ity an Uiesif: — To 
loake law», to crealt' prinrlpaJ otficers. lo mnJcc peace 
. mid watf Id give grace to men uondeULiird by }nw, and 
lo be the la«t to u-ltom appi^lluiion h made. There be 
otherg. too» which aru conjprehcrtdcd in tho8t ^t down, 
but btfCAiifec majesly docth not ho clearly «hinc iti them 
they nre here onijlted, I'brsc srt down are inalien- 
able, indivi8Jbl<*, iTu-uiiimuiiicolilc, aw] betonfr to the 
Ruyerejgn puwer priniitiv^y in all »oria of gnvtrD* 
[nent&> They eRnitiU, ^nhsiHt iiL a laidy (v}Ti]|)osed of 
indiiiduilit^H ; and if thty be divided anion^'sl st^vvral 
bodies, there i^ no j^ivrnment (as if llu-re were many 
kings in m\e kin^donj Uirm Hhmild be none iit oil,) for 
whosoever ehoiitd hnvc one of ihcsr, were nbltf lo vraM 
their proceediiijta who have nil the rewt. ; f^r the having 
llieni nff'.nfim'. i\xti\ prtthibtlhe tu that part to hiin hc^ 
JongJojf> might render the oct^ of all the others invalid, ■ 
and tbere would be w ait{»eriority lo the Miprenie, and 
au «qnaJity to the sovereign power, which cannot fall 


in any ti^aii's cumMrit thnt hath cornmon ^rifie; in >q]i{.-(!rh 
it La fncoiigruiiy, mu\ tu alli'inpl it in act i:^ pcraiciouH. 

" Having ill aomc^ mi^usiiri.' oxprfMsi-d tiK- tiaturi' of 
wprctiH' power, it sliall \jv U'tter kni^wn by Ihe at-tuaJ 
fmctice ot' ah rmlioiis, iti a\\ the *ii!vi?ral aorla of guveril- 
menu a» wvW R^iMbllce o» Moriarchies. 

"The j>coplt»of RoMK* (who were masters of policy, 
Uiil M^nr loo, ^iiiii l» ihi^ dny are mnde pntlcrns of t>oth,) 
bifiug au Kstaie fjofuilar, ilttJ exercise without LoritroiiJ- 
mL*nt or nppositLon all the fore-Dnmccl points essential 
to suprviEie po^ver. Nti law was utuiJt* but by the 
peo|>1e ; anJ though thi* Seimtc did propones x\\\A advise 
■ law tu hv nuide, Jr wns th<^ pc^iplr tlint g;nvr it snnc- 
tM>n« And it received tbe forte of luw from iht-ir cum- 
tDond and uutbority, as may appear by the resjH^tivo 
pliniM^B iif ihf pro|jouijd(T, — qtifHijUnKtumJeiUqut'. *rV, 
roAu popuhque Ilomtt/iu n/i/fif jitbeath. 'i'he people 
awd tbesL- riti|iemttvr word*, *w/o ni/rr/a ; and ifh were 
nluicd. the TribLiiie of tlie |>eo|>le exj>re8fin] it with u 
Fi^o. "i'bo ]>n>|x> under or adviat^r of the law wne said 
rog4ire lrg**itt» and thi* jN.'(jpk'_/KiW"ra' IfgfW. Thti tdL*i"- 
tkm of ullic«r>« was only inudi? by the |xujpk', iia uppt^uri^ 
by th« ambitious buying nnd begging of suffrflgcs bo 
frequent amoti;^ tliejJi upuii the oroaxioiih. Woi' and 
peace was tvi.-r concluded by llitm, uiid iiever df^noun* 
C«l but by thtir l^'crw/fir willi roinmission from theni, 
Tlwy* ouly, ^ave grac-e and panlou, und for the latil 
rcfujre, delinquent!. «id tbcy who were wronged by 
the MrnicTicc nf judgrj* nnd ofliccTrt^ prttr>iM:ahnat art /m- 

"So it wn* in ATiirNB. and l<> thi* day omonR the 
SwisftiLHs aiid CiiiikmmNk, the Kiitatr of lloLl.^ND* and 
■II Eittate» popular. lu Viiwicii, wbkh i^ npurrAris* 
tocracy, Inwit, wur, pt^ace, ekHrtiou uf ofljeers, pardou 


MO uowTaoR Axn thk covicnAin'Ka^. 

UmI apprJtatian air «ll rioiidiuli'd and donr tn niijffc 

•Oix-n-igijly, AsTortlK'/irrAiriHr//, and eowfifj^AD (ft dC^ 
tbcy wiTe btittiAii^rmand <T\i*ouloraof thirirpavtrrflri 
tlic Dnk^ is nothing bat Uit i<iG[>/ to whu4u ^-W tiMtila 
anil ciMfipl intents niv aNtilrtrAQWiI. Hiihovt tbe lc«>i^vt 
orM»vtrvigi]ty. SuK t*w in Sfasta, mi it i« tii LrtCAt 
GKNOA.anJ Racuma, nnd dl oibrr Arkiwndc*. «fi^ 
fiiilee<lf ciknnol Ik- utitfrvripw wttliouc IbembmriM^ 
Ibc prcM-ni gorernmeat. 

" If, thrn, the iards in Hi-pmhJic^ htivc thnt |M«rv 
(«entijil li>«ov«mgnly, by uluit reanDM l-i^u it be dtfuM 
toflpriricvtij whoitr |ie»on only and pHfiiitivdy rottA 
tht- Kiivi^rt-i^r^ power, uad Irum uliotti nil Uwfiiivch- 
altivii power* ni from the fauiiTajHi iv derived ? 

" TliiH pi>wi>r i>4 fimng nn^ dnrnhlr wh«Q it i> IMW 
]»^rntc, finil it i> trinprnitf- ^hi^u Jl ib puHtnvint, (ttttfc 
the ts«trLtifttpnviH tbiriuiM) wtUi moclrrnlion, aiid liiniU- 
tion Hy the biwii of God, of iinturr, aiul the funk 
mriilnl lim* of th<^ country. It i« weak w hen il i» wy 
siraiii^cl of thmr ivitrminl |iJirK uiul il in Kntk ol^^ 
wbeii it is (>xii'iidt-<J bi^ond tbc JawN wlH^ntby f^^l 
Imunded ; whwh roulil m-vcr br nnj" timf ri>dtired l^ 
the pcopTr of thi? wi-sltnt jMiTt of the wurM, and by 
tbfwr ol' SiHfUuitd a» little n* any. Fur lh,-it Mhith 
Ga)l>a mid of hia Romsnfi is the humour of ihem all 
nee ioUtm IHn-rttru-m tivf. Mam Kprvitufem pad pt^tmmi 
but a IrrtijH^r <jf hi^th. I'n^'i^i? prtnctn endc-avutir ll^M 
cxtcTiij^ioii of it, — rt'lufliouB und uiiUulunt fiuhjedA il^H 
iv^tniint, WJBif priiHt* ujm; fl ni<HJorately, but nio»l 
dfaire to rxlf-nd It, niid llint humour IvynarM^^ 
odvitt <^ couttifTM and had ccfTuriihra, who are uf A 
LaMy ;imbition. tind c»tinot abide ihc t^luw prugrcKi of 
rk-bes and prvfcnikimtH in n tviapcrate govcnmitfiil 

TTitfV pcfKUudi? tlip nrfiirrnry wirh reflexion un ihtir 
own rfids, knuwjiif,' tliul tltt- exi^r^ii^e Uieivof ^liull be 
put tiptm Uirm, wbereb^' tficy sba!! Iji^ able qiiiHfly to 
coQipaw Ibi'iE emls, robbiitg thereby Uir poopJe yf their 
ironhh* th< King of iiw {woplc^'s lovi? due to him, and 
of UiL- himutir nnd repulntlon of wisdom.' Tlw i-liVrla 
ct m mmlenxc ^ovenuM?nt are rBligion, ju^tla-, mid 
peftcv,— dourltthiDg love of tbe subjerta lowanlp* their 
priiitv hi wbo^e beurU be reigns, — diinibleru'!«t ;ind 
Mrvngtb ag^ijtbl forieign itkvosJong and intebtiut- «eUi^ 
tlon.^bapplDes^aTjdsecoHtytoKiiigaiidpeoplt'. Tbecf- 
fett of a iiriticun ijowitUmj frjrrxh-iub'il i>i tyrjmny.fmm 
tbr King if be be Iti. if he he ;;ooilt l^'iiiEiiiy or a feur 
of it from them to whom he hatli intruKlcd the rnanag- 
tux "^ iHiblic u0hintft Tht* eflfHl o!' tht; roy^il |»(jwrr ri^ 
ftrained Is the oppr«eaioD and tyrfiniiy of 6ubji»cls^ 
/Ar uitM/^fit-rrv. htntitiohte. tjmf hmpfiorfithlc ttfrttiiu^ 
iu the attrid — ivbcnr uvrry nmii uf [xjuit oppnTShi^tb 
his nfigbbour, without any hopeof rvdiv^sfi'ora a prioM 
dn^iojkd ofbiH |K>wer to ptnuHb opiiresAOrN. The jieopfe 
uudrrnn cxtrodril pf>wcr junijiA(.-rahh% biiF moht inii^;'!- 
vbk under the rrsirHined ptkwpr. The elTecta of the 
Amiwi limy be eured by (^)d ndvjce, satiety iu the 
Prinoe, or few of infamy, or the pnitia of writer*, or by 
wwno event wbirh miiy bring ii pnncr to thp sense of 
bin errorn, and when iiolhin^ dwe cuii do it, »ei-irig tbr 
prince U mortal, putkuee lU the subject ia a Hovcreign 
nnd dnnj^lrui rviiinly, who in windom nnd ditty 1§ ob>' 
li^-d to tollerale the vicen of hi« punee. sm Ihey do 
ttonnc and temjicatfl. and other natiim] evils which are 

• WhMLMnnirotcAiitl S'ftp&M w«rv rn%-«nanr«ni Ihfly MiDild»Tvd Elmt, 
te «p|HMiiX 1^** au4>Miin'B "T the Tunrr, tht-y WL^n* ilntftodiiiji BaitUnJ, 
WM Milnif tho t'lHimiu^linimt* i'( fltfl Sovi^rh'tj^ii, but a^^ihI ihi pimjT 
(MffH W Lddil hikJ lintuiJton, 
VOL* 1. C C 



romixiisatc^l niifa brUcr liiiip«iiucw«lini;. It1i«ilb««tt 
bnUr fur CkTiDtiny lo hovrriMlim'il tlir r-rn'rckiuliiiuriiit 
of Ferdmnnd, nnd afier hU dj.*atb rectified them, b^forr 
tiipy )jnd iimd^ a [ifrw rWUtMi, lliaii tu [vave l^nxi^hl 
It to ilcsuJtttiuu. 4ind itlinl m» much Cbmti^iii UimhI t^ 
KnM*iiK(tfinbJ^ rrmcdirii nnd »ppo«ilion. liiit whrsi a 
King's Jaw ful poncr is rrotraiii^, tl»e |Kilitk budfif 
in mdi dv!k]>eruU' irfiiuttr lliJit it cao oeillwr rjidurv tfai 
(lJMUi*v Nor l3u' n^njody ubfrli U force auXy. For prinir? 
UhTuI power In only rvslfuiieil b)' violt^iice* uud iww 
trpikiiY-d bill by violtDt'e on ibe oilier skk-. wlifch rtn 
|ir<jJiK'eiiulbiti^bul miii tu prfiicp trr jK^opIc, or ralhrr 
to lH>tb, Patience ill lilt- Mibjcct j« tliir bc^t ivmc^y 
agninhl tlt4' cffccU of 4i princ«''« powi^r too far ii- 
l«ndt>dr Lait wlii-ii it la tno fur ri'^lruitirdk patk-iioviu 
iht jviucf. i« *o for fruni Iwing a rcini'dy ibnt it 6h" 
uu-tlt and ifM-n'ji^4rlb llu' dii^oni^c, for |>at]i.'iK^> iradof 
ti»ic* niid /'rfjjtr'-tjio^, maki-v lli;it wbicb uus ut lirhLtU> 
bery^by a !uidy ihnt never dirf^ nt Int^l ngxtori titifttnA 
to Uii- f-ovrritiiK^ijt coihv^ nt la^t to bo diau^L To 
procurtr u tLtupviaiv ajitl mudifale govi'iEiiutiit, tbertr 
is TiiiLcb ill tlit^ KiiJ)f ririd not a liltle iu tlie ]»4'0(>k\ fur, 
let a piinuif never CDinujaoil mj welL if Ibeiv \w JlCtb 
torre^jtoLd^-nt obedienre lik-rc h no trnipop* Jt ifiso? 
the |>L-u|de'H jJurU tuitardfe that tud, to lake ujtuii tlirui 
to liJiiil utjd ciraiiiiHcribe royol pi>wcf — it i?( Jupiicr^ 
tJjUlLdi-r wl^ieh ueviT KLbjret iiUTidlid well yr« — mot 
detu'jaine vrbat i« due to a pnrice, wJijit to his 
It requires more ihnn hi»non HilficU'iK'y to (50 so 
fl wny l>etw'ixt tbe PrinreV prem^utive, mid ibi? *.ubjeaA' 
privilege, oa (o conictit ?M>th, or Iv juKt in i!»eJf, fortJiey 
carf never w^^i^'v upon tliv muttvTr sFid wbert- tt lialh 
bceji E^ttniLptvd, rtf^ in ^omt? placet jt biitb. the awutJ 
did enr detf njtJiif tht> i|iH%liuu. H-JtirJt is to lie ikroidai 



fy a// pMTthle m^m* Unt llicrr t« a fair and jusrffi- 
nbJi? wny for hiil>jrrl»^ tn pn>oiii'r n mmlrmtr gitvfni- 
BiKnt, iucuiiilit^iit to ihi-m in iluiy, which is w cntira- 
r<mrfke^e€arft^ofHeHf*uutiuitljiii<flJlH-rrit'/t^ (tin* nml- 
Icr on H'liirh tlu' (■M:irhil/'Eicy til" n |>i'Jtio^fi |k)^vci' drflti 
work) which Wing stcurt'd, hi» povvcr i^kust nc^-cj* be 
Umpi-ntiL- nnil run in the even dmnnt'L * Hut/ it inay 
be dduandeil, ' iiovv ithnll the ptsipU-V^^dr/ ItljrrlieB be 
pnttrvcd tflhcy he not known, nml how known iKilu-y 
lieDDtfti^ternjiiK'O tu bi-suvh ;*' Jl is jinnwered, Uif /ffwv 
€m«/iT>ii/Amr, and the Piirjinmont* (which ever have bc«ii 
ihe biilwiirim of snHj<Yi8' li'th^rlit^s in mojuirchira] rnny 
jl^^iiejtew lau?, ii^Etinat emerf^L'iiL uLvuBiuiiB u'!iich \iv^- 
Jn4S^ lljcir Jiht-rlicn ; nnd *o leave It to occnyioii, nnd 
aol pivvi^tit tt liy fnolJKh hiiKtr hi I'nHhnnenU, whh-li 
Inida coiiltuljoii. £iud (3i>-tnrhancL> to the quirt of the 
Ktiit«- And if F/tr]ijirrii-ii(n Ik* Fri^fitionr, nnd ri^Iifhj 
roAJifVir/jv/, ysli^xJavttHriii' ii/UHcifhr vt itatenman dare 
mUrft/i^rm w mUUtrtia Khiff (o the prcjtwlicc of a sub* 
Jcct^iliheriy.kuijwrlti^ he nniM dtiMwerit upon the periJ 
of fai» hrad luid t»tat? At tJ^e ne^ct eusuinj; PuiJiujiieut^l 

* Eyiui ltfrLL|>vrul<] biBrirriuiEh Ljl^h lai]u1|;i'J tit Itiujfruo* uiluiutjy. Chut 
" HoDtrdH ira« viinmitfioiii ihm huiuimlEy !> ilii' iikjaI ilbTiitffuInliv*! 
MWUllUli l>f»» bfldlcDl chnncU'F." Makolrn Laing. Wu bvUv«v lliJU 

MytfliJiJft* WT tirT iinl]rip;iT'' n^ni nil uripiil>tihtanl niHiiiu-rtlpf uf hi* 
fCHvmAtr-ii wiUf Ilia] mimli^rrrt nn i)ii>i-«(- ul bl* rxonnitnn** 
" 1 4id all llml iiiy tu lov W kvt^p my vuliUcr* buck fru»i •|KiilJu|{ m.ati 
ftlMJtiiag the tniutryj Mid fvr MrnxJAliLHil, jf Ji ojulil luivci bw» Ehurv- 
bj prcvfUT^ I wuulil mth'^ LihoJ alJ ni>iiio ouiof my Qira vi^ni-" Mr 
Bittdi^ lti(k(i], in Jl |M|^ m rulmithLouaLy tlul«jji fti to dUcriHlit liifiory, 
(VoLlTip. VTIj)m jilvawct tit t^wnknl MuntniM^A" itrrtMi ruiffeimce an 
AtKffilHB lirt itf|iisL(i^ Hid luai-iiBDli" tolmlly obliriDiH tluii hid »itnh- 
vuortte «ii}bndp"mry miliitinljf, Butllki, in rifk'ri.'iiOi^ lo tU*: Tvry cupivti- 
IJQ^ 4)^ ' tli4- iJurfPiiwi .1- '- limuiijiityl i>( llint ythrfovt buci iiobi*.' 

f- TliUcUu>v lii» L'liAfty L r«ffrrvn<u la thv irmttiliifinn jridjiruLwi]* 


MOvn'ttmK ii»r» tiik ixivkn^mtkiu. 

«nd Ihat be sfiflll pm Ih? Kmjr Id nn hnrd chaire 
)iim, rittitT 1o almijiion }iiiLi lu juKlicvi or by |>roti<rtii 
him dlaplcAfl? tbr cMnte* of hi« klngiloiii : arid rfilu' 
Kinff stioulil be so iti advifiod pn to prolcrl liim, yvt h 
doth iiol 4vntp<^ punitihtneiit Lhut ia br^uded with a TTiSri 
of public iiifnniy. dfrlnivd cnrmy to thr *lfttr, «nd JHra' 
pabk'ofany ^'(hhI niiioiif^ tJKiu> 

" Tiic jutrjM-iual cu^ne of ihe controwrafes, betvevit 
th^ prince And Iii« «ubjf^-is, in tlic ninbitimi*! iksignftof 
ruie in ^reai men^ veilied under tlic specious prtirJt<X 
Rr1igir>i) nnd the atabjeets' Liberties, iceomled whh ibp 
nrgiiTiirittH nml iixUv \iiv^imn< »f lU'iUiioHJt ftrtach 
HI, tbal ttie King is ordaiued for tb^ pec^ltr, sud 
end ia more imble tbau ibe tnenu : 8<1, that the 
iitituter iH KiipL-riiir tn tht* emiht.iturnt ; Sd^ UiaI tbr Kin^ 
and [>vop1e ari» two cOEitrsrie«, likv the two ^jiln oft 
biilaiire, wlii^n the oilv ^ofs uj» the ultu-r gn^ dciwn^ 
4tb, that thi? jiritictr'^ prrro^alire* ;iml thr ]>eopk'« pri- 
vilege nre in com pat I blr ; ^tli. what pow«r is Xakvn frain 
the- King IH ndded lo iht^ K^tates of thf pi-ujtic. Tliii 
iA the JiiiJguage of ibc tpirtU t^f tlhwM that u^lk ht- 
twixt the Khtg mtti hin prof^e^* to sepnriiic them wboiu 
God Imth eoijjoJikefl, (ubjcb imisl not pa^withtiutvotiie 
auswer,)toftli(teupoii which sandy grouudsithrKc^iAii 
who war n^aiiiHt ihe ^"ds, huve buihh-i) IhHr Babel 

'* To the Ifit: It IB true tbat the true uud ulni 
mdx of mf-n'ii nrticnA (which is ihe glory of God ^nd 


liij^ nf Uwlrai ninrffniiniu iif thf ^r^ihi Purliftnkrnl In ICQg aorJ 
IG*rt, ithvFi Mi-mtrofc- iir)fuMl fi^jtiitnl Arjj^li*^ Iforhcs Urtliimrmn.Mid 
An^iboJii JulKLtluhp uiiJ III] Bvtui* 1u }iuiiif uf lIiv_/ui.'MfTifp HudiIuDi 
whi^riJ ih^vlL Hb Aricyip, Mimimiv uiHitnlw) iin ijitfmiffn ^if lm|4*dtlDi( 
to ^X\fi PitIUdvtk tti itHl* m prt4«iiti> it( dio Km^ liimndf. 

■ It ta liil«r«flUiig Tu iibAvrvLj iltni thtmu rviuurkubfff mpra^ttoni 
iicriir in tniml Niipit'r'* iuimi]jK'ri|itt cjuottfd in nur IntrDdnriofy €1 
1^, |k. 7U- 

|. idicityof men) itrp to be preferred to nil m^WHifdirectctl 

l^ftvrvuaUi. But tl*i-n< h not tbut (iriler ul Ui^rrity numwg 
tbe tnconji ihcnitclvcs, or mifl instniTncnU compouikdr^d 
tup.'U»LT. If 11 wirre tM>, aitii li rjKiit Mppuinteit itj kt^t'p 
>Jire}i, or » DoUleumii tu be tuti>i'iii-b\v Co a |nLj>ii uf 
meaner qunlii)-, the sheep Hhuuld bv preferred lo the 
man, niid the pupil In bis tutor. To the 9d: Hi* that 
rotiBlitutc-llt !»o ua be Htili iviaiuelb Uie power to re- 
verse hii eoiiHtitiilion, im «u|KTbr to the toriMitiited 
in Lbu^ rehpeet ; but if bis donation anil cujjatiUJtJuti 

I b alMoliite Ami without couditiuo, devolving fill bi8 
power in the [lerson eniLstltuted, und bis sitrcev^eors, 
wbat before was voluntary becomes necesHury- It 
ta YoJiintitry to a woidau to chuae ^ucli an uue tW her 

I hiwbniult ;njd to a p^-uple what king tljey wili ut lir>it ; 
botli being once done, neither can the woman nor ibe 
people five ihemj^elves, fixtm o[>cdii.'tJce »nd biibj(<e- 
two to the hu&l>aiid and the prince, wlieu they plenMr, 

, To liie Sd: lu tt |Hj[ilic er>n Hide rati on, tbe King nad 
Wir- people arc not tixo, but oav Inydy politic, whereof 
the King 16 tbi' liead ; and so far are they (r&w contra- 
riety, ond uppositL'inoiJons^tbiji tlierv it< nothing good or 
jllfor tiieoni! wliieh ijinotjuvt^o lor the other:* if their 
ends nnd rndeavours be dii~erK» and hcvcr no Hlflo ec- 
ceutrtc, either that king luclinetb lo tyranny, or Ch^t 
people to dJvJuyulty, — ii they be loniiaiy. it \» mejc 
if miiny or mere dibluyahy* To the 4th : The Kijig'a 
prerof^ative anil the siibjecU' privilege ait ao far from 
iiiconi|WtJbihty.thal the one can ucvj^rKt^nd unless &up« 
jwrti-d by the other* For tbe 8;>vetvi^u beiljg sirong, 

riDd ia full posiie^^ion of hia lawful pox^er und preroga- 
tive, is able lo protect h\A bubjetU trom o|>prvuiunp 
uud majntuiji their liberties entitv, othi-rwiiie, not, Uri 

■ Svc Iptruducii^ry Cbaptvf, |ik TIK 



ibe otber aide, a p<^0ip1e, eiijoying fredy ifadr jnic libcr^ 
tiiv unil privilrg<<!s Pmiutiiiiicth tlic prinrrVhcittourBiliI 
prcrofjative out of the givnt aflTecTion ibey cviry to 
wnnU bim, u'bit'h y iUv gn^itcHt iitn-ngth n^itiHt fb- 
rci^ii tDVfiKJoij, nr intc-Minc ill^;l^^vcUol^ Uint at prinw 
rnn puvbibly be posbt^L^c-d with. To the 5lh : It Is a 
iniiv fnlljK'y, for whut U e^tttettfitff lo oii« thing cftniiot 
Ife ^it'i*ii l» niiolhcr. Thr ty*; may linw itn nigbt, ibe 
i-ar its hi:arirg, but can Dover be ^vcn to iho hAud, <tf 
I'uiJt, ur u:iy ntlier jMeiriher ; ^aii iis the heiid of the iiu> 
Itirjil Ihxly may U* deprived of inveniitM^Ju^gMtHK Of 
nrrtturtj, \\\u\ \hf re^l of the membera reoeire oo part 
tl^ntHtl', M> MiUjrctH, uoi bt-iiiK cupuble of llti* cwt-nLiol 
piui:* of gDwrumi ut properly niid primitively belong- 
ing lo the Prince, being tnken from hi]n«iheycaniieTer 
bt- inipnrlt'ii %m llti'tu. withoul eljun>>>- uf the [munarclii- 
ral] g(n\ 1 TiMient, aiul the ta^fucr and ftcittg ofihe Juimf^ 
When a Kin^ is n'Slrnini^ from tbt- lawful ueve o\' iin 
powt^r, and Hubjn-tn vuu inak<: lio ii»c of it, ha UMd^ a 
A>«;f tlieytnnnot, whnl eai J follow but a subver^on^ 
f^oviniiiieni, — iinarrhy and eotirti'-ion ? 

" Now, to i\ny lUJin tliat iHKltr^tandu theiw things 
only» tlic j^roctttiiingii of'iftfitf' tiwex may urcm strait)^* 
ami lie iimy t^ipohtulaU witli us thufe : ' Nut>lritit-ii aial 
gcntlfnim iif^ood (^uuljiy what da you mean? Willynu 
teaeb \\w piitplr to piLt ilowa the l^ord'h ntiointed, anil 
lay viiiMU hdudb on bis authority to uUom both yua 
And thcyowt? subjection, aud aodiada nee with your goods, 
Kve^T find fortunrN^ by all Xhk' Inw^i nf (to<1 ^nd man? 
Do ye lliiiik to staud aud doraiaeer over the people, 
in nil artjf/ocrtf/ic way,— tbi- i>c^o|ile w}io <tve you >iiiall 
or no ybiigijiion ? It % yow,, unthr i/our mttiirui princf, 
Uifit \^v\. ;ill einpKiyment pregnant of honour or pro5t, 
iu |ieaee or war. Vuu ai'e tlie bubjeete oif Lis iibcm- 

rly ; your liuiiac's d<vnyed^ cithrr hy mcHl or his grncc 
auij favour aru u^pftlri'd, ^jUiumC wIllcIi >(iu l^ll ju cuu- 
irmpt ; till.- pLMi|iiL-, jealuus of tliirir liU'rty, when yc 
AfMfTvc [x»i, iv shL-IiLT th<»nii^flvL% \%}i\ runkv you 
xAorArr % /Ar AcW, or si-rve you uiih an ohtradsin* 
If (htir^/zr*; fiW itv ff^tinftt /rtN^fi/ jnififr, thfir nejrt 
«■/ tt'iJ^ fft' ttf^ihmt ffou ; for if ihr pt'opl** be <jf a fitrce 
uturv. tliry wltJ L-ut )unr ihioat^, {ns the- Swluent diU 
of old), you (.h;i]l l>c i'on1fUj|>ftbW, (us 8oriie uf nntk'nt 
jionmui an- in HnllutriJ* thrir vc^ry Inif^tjnitihtL'r is the l>c<t- 
Ur man;) yoiir honourt^'lito — fortuucG tiaud at the 
4)sctciion of a M^tiitiotia ptYGcher. And you. ye ineamr 
ppojdi.* of St'uthind, uhii uiv not eiipnhlc nf n nimlilie, 
fur many grave ren»on», ivhy aiv jou inducL-U by f<i>e- 
rioufi pivU-xlB, 1o your owu Lirnvy prejudice and detri- 
invnt, Ui hi? instrunienlK of unicr'n uiuhition t Dti yci 
not know, when the nonFirdiical govcrnnicnt U shaken, 
Uk< gn^fti um« strive Tor \\\v (cnrlnrid with your liJood 
tod yuur fortune* ? whrrehy ymi gain nothing, hut, in* 
Mcvd of A mcc of kinffs who have governed you two 
ttMUMtiJ yt'urti with fieaee uitd Jii^tiiv, aind huve pr4> 
■vrTcd your liberties n^idit^t oil doiniiicrriug nntions, 
kIuiII purch««e to youi^8clvcM mtltrtri'a iindrigrr.t lo rt-ign 
ortr your poMltHty, and yoiirwJvtK ^haJl endure nil 
ihotte oiiseritH, tnnsspicrc*. nrnl prusk-nptionji of the tri- 
uinvinile (jf Home, — the kingdvMu fnll ngnin hito the 
bands of HHf, who of necL'^^Hity luiibl, uud for lyiitiuu of 
tta(« wilt, lyrsnuize over you. F^^r kingdoinet acquired 
D^ blood nnd vtolnirc nre by the hivmm- %t\i'\\t\* entrr- 
UJnvd. Aiidyoufci'i^^t '"^'i^^ii^ '^■'K^ueh U.' auiotif; you bu 
bliiMl«<l witli uuihiUon)^ wfia am *tt hi;;h «* thi^ troiffi, 
iJo you Ihink wo ar^ so dcgt-ncratc' fr^m the virLuis 
valour, qikI fldrlity lo our true nud Inu'ful Sovereign, 



noN JiioKi; Miu liiii covKjfAtn'Cfis. 



»a coiulantly f-iiUruiJoed by oiir anceeton, as to ouflW 
you, wilh aU yor/r fMj/ii^, to ivign over lu ? TakchwJ 
you be not .li'iSop'K du|;» and lofe the vUwk for theaha- 
dow in llif well. • Ami Ihou s^fithuir fjrwtcAer* who 
DtudiM to jnil iliK Miirrdgiily jtt iLl' |Teo|ik-~s liawl* for 
tfty van nmbilhm rnd^, m liirmft nblc, by iby nrk'k 
eloquence anil hypoirijty, in infuse into ibcm wb 
thoit pU'dinvbl. kiit>w thtti, ihui iIiin |>i-aplc is more h^ 
caiiubJe of huvtTi'Jgnty tbai^ any otIuT kuou'ii : Tlioa 
art abused Uke a pedanl by ibe Diinble*wiii^ nulik- 
RHfU, — fio, ^1 nlon^ uitb //u'M to sbnicr tbt- |irE*Kiit go- 
rernmi-nttl — not for thtf tmU lu possc«s ibe />^/>/<r with 
itf — but Jiko {as) t\ etititiiug tcniii^plAyer lets tbe faiU 
1^ lu tiic wniJ, wlirrr it rttrrait/ *taff, tiuit be may toie 
it at Ibe bound witb more <-8«r«'l 

'* Aud whereas a durable peace with En^laod ( 

IS tbc wl»b auJ dcMrrt- of uIJ bun<!j>t Jiira^ i*. prvte 

aiirvly it h a (jreat »okdHm In iij< to aim tit au end of 

pcmee with ibi^in. uud oi'iTthruw the only ui«in« for 

that end. It in the Kiii^'it M;yebty*» siovi-rviguty i>v«r 

both that unjtva uh in aflVftioti, and i« only able t» 

rciiJiu'ilt- qufHtioiiH atiioij^ us wbt-n thi^y fall. To en- 

dotvunr ibc diMtoluliou of titul bond of our uiiioo, il 

nowiw lo cstablifib a d\irnh\r. pi'iKv,^ bill niilier to 

^H prui-ure enmity uud war btlwixt bordtrriD^ uatJiatfi 

^^P wlii-re ot-cQ»iou9i i>f quarrel are uevcr wautiu^, oor mca 

I cvrr ntndy to tiikt^ hulii cif tJjnn. 

lur llic i:r»vrn nf Souiluicl. und boifi wchf invle " sbortcf by ttUf bttd,* 

1 It i*UA4'ririikivi»lJ wlici " imiV it at flic hcmnil." 

j How Ihe ilfiDixmli^' parliau iti t\w Srnlrh ConiBiinioonK for ^f 
TPWly ciiLunilori iaLf>- ], w^jti^ k'Mi!wivuiirin)jlo il»Uuyll|ir prtmpllvi* 
of eLu King, lum Iii.-lti Jtirvinly ikLiutniEvJ iu ttu uhttplivr of Arciillnlii 
Jn]in»tinii"* 8«r*t CorrMponrJoncp, 

Now. Sir, yoii have my opinion concerning your 
dcMirr, oiiJ ihat uhlch 1 c^tCMrm irutb Bvi down nakeOly 
lk>r your use. not ailoriirtJ tor puhlic view. And if zeal 
for my S&vcn-ign, and Coimlry. have transported inr 
a tial« loo fjir, I tiofxr you will excuse the ernirH pro- 
rmliug froiu t^o gund a i^iJse o£ 

^'iiur Immble servnnt. 



Thh ia a renmrknUe Irtter lo have het'ti written by 
one rrcurdcd in <inr mofU'ni bislGrbs na " desHtutr nt' 
lllb«r public or private prinnpJti.'" If Uii-M^utinienlbof 
Hentro^e, at tliut criticni ]ll^riud before the King'^ viaiC 
lu Si-(>tUti(] hi 1ti41, were siieh as are r^^eordeil in thr 
foregoing private letter, can it bv true thai the advicv 
ht* was roiihlmined lu oIUt secretly Ut bis sovereign 
wan unprincipled, violent, niKi luipntriotiir ? That 
the iettrr wflii u'ritten hy MoutruHe, we have on the 
Nthority of u tmiiHcript (hitherto uiipuhlis^hed nnd un- 
noticed) in Ihe hiuniwriiing cif Wo<Irow himseif. the 
well known ehnmpion of llie Church of Scotland. The 
IranMTipt in not /iddri'nFiied, iiur d^Jted, hnt the tt-iior 

* tlrB>Di]io> ThifJiJiiliar.Ln iliir proAicc n> hL« ITIilor(',bainiiiHy wTcrc 
CDDiiibHitB ujiun Mt HuuiL', fur l>i-" jtriMjij^puhilinnunriivikurHZtlii tun ctttrti 
Hfvcrjr mfbar truth. »nc) l>'-inf£ imfinthrnr nl" llml iinu-vdriivl mMMb, 

pInrfHl, ur |fruUibjJiL) lut did}' wi^ijEhvil, w'tlli uiLEvniJllinu imlukfry kiftk 
(1 njJUtf«»"- anil Svr ullnwLji^ " hjs iMirnitlvL' 1* bo i|iriT[*s! Iiy bin 
,Uid fitUtlimkLii^ iUl- iniiit'rmL* lri»rii wlikh U <fV>Af fi> hnvb 
,<vniitnr1nil." In ■ corivxpoiiiliTi^ itpfcrrf^ nur lliM(nii)j£iii|ih^r piu 
nd«i tab own vrHMPclii-*'' in tiio AtfvodiUV l.thrmr^ «l Edinlmrjfb," fkc~ 

from lUcJi nialvnaU ii* ilii/mlhivi' lt«t[i;ir»jiiid rqrunih titif^nmi iiiitriuBcript* 
ir*lt*t0 yviUt [4i-uJu4.v, i>r wlmlt .Vi brudlv n'oulil *vvai to \mvv bcva 
Id luciil i^biiniiJiv,iiUJi'iU|(h iWy wvrv vijikidly ij^4ji tuli^ ruwucbutia 
AtttbllHlioa of MBnci*:np1» in th(< Advimif*' Libnryf 



proves that the letter must have been vritten before tbe 
great civil war broke out ia 1642, and indeed before 
MontroBe*B imprisonment and persecution by theO> 
Tenanters, during the last aeyenmontfaB of the year,l64i 
Tbe letter ia also curiously identified by the feet, that 
some of the sentences are the very same aa some that 
t>ccur in Lord Napier's manuscripts, now first produced 
from tbe Napier charter-chest. Its moat probable d^ 
is the close of the year 1640, before tbe conclusion of 
the Treaty of London, the very period when Montroie 
and his conservative friends held those private consul- 
tations, on the state of the times and tbe perilous posi- 
tion of the monarchy^ which will be diacloeed in the 
following chapter. 


TD> caMnrjTLt» or I0«L 

Of MonlrohL- b dujuirfetitj lifti and habilti ft?w or iio 
siiecdot««nn* to be discovered. Indeini it i» very yUaln, 
fram Hiv tniri-tucEfiitiH w<- Eiavc illEiMnjU-d. Uuit s^iui'i- litH 
return froiri hi* youthful travcK l>c coufd have enjoyed 
very livtlp |>{'n(V nml t\ulH us a jirix'ntc individtml.* 

* hi tlir Xbjjior rlinrtpr-rltriiC thr-rp iimdppil ivhi<^ ^n%ni ttiit,^ 
' We, Junr* Prir of Mnnlmli, l^rd ''ra^niF imJ Muif^ilok, fnr thn 
*id|TtilAr null kpir^iBl luv« aiht liiVEiiir tjululk wk UmiVl iiiirl licar td 
tjidy BnTTit (Jiviiii<, (lur iHwfuI m'imirt, mid firr lli(> l»Iti-t ndvununu 
tif Uhj ««I<] LiLily iBwitbi io hDtj JitrDunLblo tunrviifv. uoc'urciiDjt (o 
Inr rvak nix) iIii-Dity,"— obUfpiH limimrlf anil bi* lioirk tu >«curo lu tbc 
■64 Bcntriv du inini nf tH'cnty OmLunnil idarkt, fnr Indwr, Thu i4it- 
dldoD, boiVL-«rF, I* U'lrltfl - '* JVovirlin^ Jilwnys llk«u wv hiU<r gorlii 
»t«i ipvihf T^iir pnwnlB upriTi E|ii^ »]htiji) im^viiiLnn nml fcifn^if i<in, mid 
iinnthi>r«rykr,lhAr,in rw^tt Milit hnjijun ihi^Wf) IjiHj I^wi1iit,~iia Gml 
liifT)Mj*-t'i iJul'yk' liuE luily, <.tf .fi-ii'i bi^'wU iii iii*rtti|{i! wtfli vny |aiTv>n 
witlwal vur B|vcUl'itv)*Lr itudLoutiJU^lluiii Hud lu Ehviw i']U»,ut hTIivi 
of fbpm,tLkir ['rtw^'iLE* r» U< nulL" Tltix clvkij ik Kij^fttfil 1*) MinitruHi 
tUmatUl ** At Aulil MoniroiH, the VTtIi iJnf of Mcrrho Lif31J,"- tht wry 
daw wlirn Tm wiu in nil llii; btutli- ami v-ulicmont of pitffiaTing for hl« 
nunrh opau Ahrtdk^rn- — «V'' hrfiirr,p^ VVt, 

'I'ljr4>1ti*^i of brr Uliutrioto brnthrr** Molicifndv, Lndy Bc4Fiii,W«np 
1^ wife uf Dht-ul, ibiril t^uil Unrlurti'.uiilfiurly ■mri Ii«t twPDty tluiu- 
mod UnlkV' 

Thp foUuu-lDff IvEl^r WH lilu<liy ovamunlcatvil U' iul-I-^ Miwrinbam 
cf Flotry, vrh'i in in |>iukcv4Ciii oflha onicinjJ^. lui tUtv rvll-rh lu « »iiE^ 
vqBMt pniod of Mnnlrn")^'" liittiir}', hiif w<' nmy jfi^'r ii hom ; it U u<l- 
dfi«Rdl«jHiM>CfnWm nUTm^u, younairr brcfhcT of Dftvlil (irshiunirf 

' Lorm CWviitti, 

^ Tb«*« tv lO pnuvb aiu-EAa, Mid w auiuy BbuHn t^uuuuiitnT, i<riii>blii|{ laj 

AwniaiKtbbrvBi Old M^^nir'ibs (m lir>lH>Ti Om'iiii* in iliv umi>wi!l»iLiiita< 

fiiB M |pieBl«r Icni^h,) Bi I muni tmr«a(yoi)l<i>ikctS^i>a^iiiiTii enf ^ltiJ 

|iHl Biivflnlor la Ibcm, ip biicTi anc uvy ■» vou tlmlLlMtili ■ifltfltlL Fv 

TOJ„ J, * 




HIa aasoctatet wert* prittcfpaUy Lord NApJer aud liia 
ftiaiily, iitrJiiding^ Sir GL'prgi? Stirliiix uf Kcir, wfja 
wnn m^irricd to Xfi|iicr'a cltlrst <1iiiight(-r, ?ilontroK'i 
nict'c- Bion in ihfW nio6t domcr-di; iiii>rncritei Luff. 
ever. tlU family parly w^re deeply engrovMsl wilb 
the iroubl(»fl of the timeti. nnd with iheir tvmn for 
llw sUl>i);ty ^*f the raonairliy. Tbort- wtrc crilua 
Hu;>|>i.-r parti4^», Hi " Yuk%"" that ia Cbrintnwn, l€#0, 
MjinctitiiM iQ I^Icmtrom'K lodgings id dlinljurgl, 
ftDd somclimcs in Lord Nupier's lioQAe of Merditeon. 
vbere iUv qunliun wiitt uiuiuu:sJy dbi-uw«l> in irfiat 
inauner the dtmocrittic morrmmt could bo urr«t«^^ 
aiid Ij»w ihi> Kiii^ roiild br jinvundn) to ronae to Scot' 
land in prrcoiMosatibfy tbe ScoUibli iiuliuu iu tlivmal- 
irroflhdrRfli^imi and LiWrtu*T«, toputatict]dtQ"tlK 
porticului' and iiiclirrLt prix-iiniEip of ■ frur," apil tntbc 
ruinoiiM dUtriiaioi)> of the country'. Thtr^ te v inuiel* 
Ic^d ehnmbor In tht> old CafitJe of M^rrliiMtou, in hi|;h 
preservation, aiiTunff i\\v ofiumefiit* of ii-lio»c eanouiity 
bLue4.'<ioi] roof iH yet to be xon tile crown mxid cypher «f- 
Kitig Cburttw. Here had been hold ^oiite uf tJiine con- 1 
ecrvfliiTC gifmjmsia, of wbich history bsa so darkfiag i 
L-ontyplion uihUt iIk- iinnw of" llie Plot," a diApurof 
the time* iljc secivt history of wbicb wc ha^'e now le _ 
ile^vlopr^ The n nines of popnljir ngitRtion, byn'liichf 
JUoiUruHe jiuti \i\» frieudfi wuv ubiuilly deHi^iU^nf ni llii; 
time, were, " the Haiid^m and Plvttert," ollndiii^ to the 

tht piiilir (ilnit I will be ■|Miiii]j(. uul iflily rviuUt jniu tu wW> yntoaf 
l^uii ■( gmt^r IviiyLJi i aiul tuiitJMiM 

* Vou> icry bviag Clii«l^ 

" I miiht ittniiHtJy inircU yon \o conTfivc ihiit UjidilBiMfc dn 
iL^libDoar LiiEiiwtr, and vranfi «« ftil, by |itii^[ tbiaahn—l «ridi Ai^iW 

UbCkiDlittL of thki ilV WHH lUHTTwl to ili^ «lDU|EhCvr vf D*tU Ofi^iV 
of nntry. Tbkkth'i 4«* wriLivn dioitt} kfon) 3loolNH'siiilcnH« 

THE co.HscnvATivrjt <>y 14i40. 


hboTidp and ta the privutt* mf^i'tiit^ »f Moii- 
loyol rcinli^-vi^. TIjc object, aotl r<:«iilt, 
df Uii«p1ot Appritr to hnvp hrm ('hftrki; l,V mrmorabl?, 
tod, tu it proved, ^t&L vUit to ScotLaad Id tbe y«ar 
1641. Ct«nrDili>ti ilecUr«» hiniffetf uruibli* to t'litlioiri 
" tbc gnmnd of bin Mfijcriy'i no jHiniliv^- aiid iiiLftlt4*r- 

I jiUr molutinii i>f giJing to ScotlaDd" At iliia llmo- Nor 
wwi Sir Philip Warwick nwar** of the secret hislory of 
that unfortututltf iJTOf^r**:*. " Tli^ Scots" Anys he, in 
hte iH*inoir», " linviit^ been for so injuiy niotiUis imd 

Pliirvo ill «nd». wiih no much divbonoiir, kept in Uic 
htm-eU nf tlii>i kingtloni, «ih1 nt Iflsi (li^niii^iMl with a 
bfoCherly kioilueiya uf L. :? 00,000, wliitU thty hud 
loircvly «Tf r ^ctii Wfuic at lca>i as being giviMi or puid 
fay Kiiglatirf, nvw rt-iuoiis mtii-t }hj foiiiid fi>r iiniitiirr 

I joumay, for Iiln MnjciJty to go into Scotland ; nn<I, ac- 

"tforriingly, his Jllnj^-sty went into that Ifingdoiit, nnd 
audi* u muileiKi^ then- uf ^ibuut tbrt'e jiHJiitlitf Au^i up* 
vanU, which he only spriit in conlirmiit|f nlJ tlit-y had 
Auoe, nnd in giving titlt^ nf hnntmr iinlo thont- Ihnt tintl 
WM denKritcd of him; amongst whom th« Marquis 
HamiltoD WW made Onke/'* 

* Sr PfdUp Whnrifk vauub Bb hi^vr vLiri-rteihtAl up duiiht whbUiwr 

of nunttton't d^«lunit4tf. Tlir loHowlnfE )«»rr, 1o Ahoynv In tI^p nnrih* 

i«ft<itftaM« UliiaMiliaa if ilm bmuhtD'fr iloublo-ilvalinjf - 

"Mr LiOais^Wnuld Oiwl I r«r«ivr4l ynur ]iriFdiikft*wdiiy«poii(u-r,bnil 

I *mM liftBBtiMD Ch* D>i!Wini|ji-T n^^arU^ 'iiii.uoi hiiv4Ki/ hn^ Acp^« 

^»<V IB HfcffKfvarfrrf, 1 bwi »nj1 ^M>0 uf my Usl uivii iu BvrwiLlL. 

pfnt diniittt >lul La IntuiiiJvd by hit >|AJ«<tT. C^i ii wiU li* iiutr 

ibi^ bdbfv thoAv troop* rciurn tu inf\ la itn: InKvim, if you tui' 

rw joimrLf whcrv y<iu ura, ynu ifull tku wi^Jf^ouiD ui iabe bal ftif 

tba««niliBft vfmiyvk'np* ■» ymi Kt thi« prH^nl, i omnnf, (hmagh thorny 

tf jB^^yMI U* (Viuv III ifaiMvquutcrv. L<]iirv aol urtte wkat I inrnlH, 

kr l^ilf ic ^I'Hild miiwinvBivtDyiHirliiuiil: imlylhuii n»t HHuml tliM 

kidD ttjQt bf loiijE bc4of« Im M^wilj himwif ijilif ii^n— if Jn ib&i wuy 

vlkk^iTiU KHt |ilc*« Ibd 4:<niiiiiujUir«i mnr} pomt bfl hiUb to ciKb tbwr 

fiAhJrarir*, if lliir) (vulimv ih thvcn. Vpdr fiBll bftth Inm Mvb •■ y^m 




II will lie miK^mlH-ns) tlmUon %}ie 7tb of Jurii- IGIIh 
Sir Tbomu8 Hope, under lb« fli|^nnturr A. 5.. ^oolt 
In ArrliibuUl Ji^titii^toti ^n ficcuunt oftlii* wi/iirv of out 
Wslti-r SlcHurt, out <if tht- jxtiiiivl of wboaic awltlle ^m 
lakoD A IrUcr from tbr Kin^ l<> Iklutiiraitf-. TliN mn- 
Bcnf;i>r wan unrlt^rKtoofl lo br ^nilng from Xhv King: 
^IsulIi wAg thcMntc of ftflairs in ScolUnd. tliftlaprl- 
VDttr hint from Aiv}ii[>ald Johrinton tn Loixtun, lo Bal- 
mvriiio in F^dn^bur^cli* HulTicc'ii to uccijnijklipdi tlit^ wav- 
layinjf, inldn^ prtMonrr, nnd rifling, nny onr of biA ]!l]d' 
ji^Kly'fi ^ubjcrt'te who niigbt atliacl tbtr jKirlkuUr nolict 
oi' these few dominant Ci>veriamer»* Thai party wf^^ 
fit ihv very limi: pnrlVv*tn|f tbc most pn-Tcrt Inwli^" 
and obed]0nc<^ to hi)< Majesty- Vet Sir Thomas Hope. 
who extorlcd n pnrdon frown this same Wa]t^ Stewrtfl 
for propHgaling a report thai hn. Sir Tlifnimn, bud ul- 
tcrwl something derogati^ry to ihe King'ft prr*na ftt"! 
;iLith(irity, writes privately to Archibald John^lon, wlmt 
he cEilifl a talo worth telling twice, namely, tbal. al tiinr 
o'clock nt nigbU in Bubni-rino's lodi^'irf:?*, Slc--w»n hiio- 
Mig " denied he hnd auy more p;ipLT3i than were jnhii 
cloth-bn^, there wna n leiilher bug found in the paimtl 
of hih §Naddle, wherein wat, n letter froni !lie King li* 
Montrose." The contents of this letter, much a* viM 
mnf?e nf tht» hiel of IhuK finrliri^ \U wer** never siiffrfLd 

jvit[l]r f1f«mra nnil Tni-ritn : frhnF t fAU f^nnttiltnhr chpi-ptn. InnA fin h 

Or'ghiitl. .MS. Adpifntft' LilTfiry.— E u'lm uJily nwnfv of tirit voy rr 
rlaDf letter (vvhich M\[ not be fnim-l in Dnrn?!) ui^cr ilxMvmftrkkwhkfe 
It proprrlv illuMtmU^ hwl \Kiiri ^cot Ut prv^u. l^oiupun^ with p. ^'*h l^^i 
B7«^«;i«,iP<ip whr4vliwlUht>»nih»iihcK]0Rjn May {«^.nrlblli- 
miltdQ lu "iiFi'i^fd rijy jjnrty tn the nftrtii;" *oil )v|, un iti«44b cJJvM 
ibpti'Mnm. Ilnimlfcin i»r-i]ti<i ttiinvlf to A^iaSFUr, bj- j>fpEt^ndirgf tlbll 
kvl ikcjt " jiny hiipifi ft 11 purly ■» thuAv ijiiaitviK.'^ 



lo tmn%pirvt nni^, conscqupntly, wc may he certain that 
thvy were eucb ab by au arU of democraikul jniMrou- 
itnirlloD rciuhl bt- iniidf a liimiilt? of jniblic ngitnfiou, 
dlbi^r tt^;2Jiut the Kinff or bU Joyjil adherents. Whai 
nrixtirrs th*.' scene still inure ain^iilnr itj, that, Sir Tho- 
IDa> IlofH? >vn» ihv Hon of fii!i Miiji;8ty'8 Advucflte ; und 
KnlnicriDu wiis the very man wbvm that same Luz*! 
A(Ivocnl4f hsii] brou^hl uniirr tht* Kiti^w ruTfj' a few 
jv^vh before^ To asbUl tht^e itudnight iiJijuihiuir^, a 
lliinl is nt-nl fnr, oiic Edwnrd Krfgar, H-hu, from n bur- 
gess ftod baiJie of Edmburgb, hati befu vkvuk-d intu 
■ cv»inmifico-man, and wlio opjwars lo have hveu oiiu 
«f UiiMti nubHtrviwjl cyplieiti, Ihc UHt' ul' v»'fiii:h wvn- lo 
gir« numertoil value_ lo itucb cominittoo di^^italb uh 
BalmcTitio niid Hn|K-. I'hJf^ ujhji^ rJu^ pn'74i-iii, ns iipoD 
vurimie otb^T occasions, U'lu the ^^bole repreteuliitbu 
of thi.' PaHiamcnl, Governim-nt, K{?l]gioif, Liht-Tticft, 
thftwm atid uucuiimouii I'uviriiairting zeal, uf tk-otliiEid. 

All tlic nrtA of inliuiidutioii, c^r |H-r^ua!4i on, t^m ployed 
lo ubtaEn bLi<-b JnfuriiLutimi from W^ddr Sttr^'nn as 
btf»t Buitcd Uic'ir purpo^cf, it is uf coiu^c.' iinposMble to 
know. But i-ren in thdrowii sprretrtHwrdsof IhcmAC- 
ter, which Khali iirutt-ntly hr. l»ni Ix^lWu Ibo rcndrr, mit*- 
quivocal aymptoms mny be rIeloct<'d «f tho \rorkitjg 
«f «iiidi urta upun the wi-ak Eiiiiid uf Walter Stcwrai'l, 
irbo *cctn» to have uiibovoiricd birusdf. butU of trtith 
nnd fnlM*h(M>d> iiDiirr 1ht.< infhicjict^ iit' im edight nlnnn 
for bis pertional ^fvty. After all. bowevvr, fiJa iufor* 
matiou oidy anjouiilrd to this tbnt hr h,id hi^en occa* 
xioDtdty at bup|>tr» bumetimt^ iuMontroflL-b bou^e, and 
■omcttmn in Xaplrr'^, Ju com]>aDy with Sir George 
Stirling imd Sir Archibald Sicwurl. iiiid tb:il he had, 
upvu tItOie Dcca^ions \k*.'i\ tMtruritrrI H'ilh >im\i^ ini-ifuo 
ttoiM to TmjuAir nt ('mirl, the object uf ultich wnn tn 
indiMc lUc Kiuf; to come iu person to Sixninnd. and, 



after ^tliiig tbf pence of tbnt kingdom, 10 h.-^ui^ 
nuitit? uf i\w uflkvs i>f ttUht upun Muutro&c and hb 
fncndii- Mirtvover, certain strmpi of pupt-r wtrt f"Uird 
ill bi8 ifockds tcrnwftiil owr wilb mii^nmtkal 
and c^-pbcn, wliicb he dccUrcd wtv iI»p Iu'^iri 
dictfitjed lu him, lu that tnyslenmii^ forfi]> }fy Mdo' 
biiiiftt-ir in preA^iKic of lUs fri^wb. 

Vpau UiIn riilimloDv cvldi^nrc the few who llvu 
gownii'd t^fotJniiO, ncting tmdtfr tlic kccrvt iuMi;^ 
don of Archibald Jobnston, aii<l at the lutd of Arj^l^ 
inimetliaUrly wieetl Muutrobe, Napavr, Sir Oeorp 
StfHing, and Sir AubibcilU 8lcwen, aod, allboti^ 
Ibti iwpiirali? dcTiai'uiiiiriH, fif lh«so iiiit4iui>cji and 
^ntltmcti, Oc-privcd tbc comntitlcc of the iligbtME 
prrli'^t fiir iiifililuFliif; niiy proceeding Eignincc tbt^nii 
thi-y iiere al^ hvuU m tbtr uiuel public iiiid i^tUHnimw 
manner, as AUite priHun^is, to Uie Ct^Ov of Edinbur^- 
A violent ptipulni' Agitation wiih iinmciliflldy oo^^ 
mencfil Rgsiost thcfn ; and Moutco«e in partKularllii' 
^niiid object bi^irig htK defiiruction, waa licld up lojrub' 
lie execraiion an uiie guilty of dcaigiiK tto dnrp and dArk, 
agaliiHt the tibirrtit^of hiH roiiati}', and tW lircA othff 
bv»l putnoUi, UA to tie IWl to Iho imagiofilioii lo con- 
ceive, rather than lo be plainly uttered. " T1i« Ploi- 
tert" wjw btcami.- u litl? of morv din? and dlHgrnccful 
import tban " the Buuden." Tlic bocat bond \:rAt 
vm ruined frfun ilx asdKv* ti> Hwell tbr rry, and \ht 
wbole my*tcry of iniquity was confoMHily iiiiXTd Uf 
with the len^ing-making of John Stcviart ofLadywcll, 
the unhappy tt\au at tbiB tiiiM uw^^iUug bb dootn tot 
the alleged attempt to bring Arg^-Je bim«olf to tllc 

Maleobn Lahjg hafi bill»crto oblatncd credit fur 
having thoroughly sifted the history of ihfue cloud}' 
iransactiuiiv. and bia e|iitoine of th^in has lon^ past cut- 



reaU MCOtiUlnln^all the Ttict^ snit iLiereal sUU* of (tict 
CM«. I sbnlJ quote tlic cotirrr p;i^sajti^, Ibut it mny be 
cvntrnnlrd wiUi mU tbe ewcrtt iktuiJh with wliirh vec 
arc fortunntely cnnblcd to iUu^tratc the i^uhjoct ofMoii' 
Irav'fi dpfcrtioii frotn " Ihu ('niiKr/' 

" The Scots," say* Mr Laiog, " in coaaequemv i*f a 

nlcmn, obligation iiiHcrtt^d hi Uic'ircovetinnt. lonhptAJn 

from wfKiml*.', or dkigite meuftures, bsd hitlu-rto pvo- 

MTTed a drgrcp of urion prrhnp^ imexampled, ui which 

tliry HiTi' pi-irLCJ^i)jlJ>' iniJobtei} fur their \mH\ Hiu-irtct. 

But for an ojfporiiiiic diecovi*ry llial iioiou wa?^ uhntmt 

difi«n1vnl. fniiuitk-iit of a HUjx^rior, aud connrioun of 

miliUiy InlciitE unmarked by hi« countrym^D, Mujiinis:!^ 

was unable to bnxjk thr ju'<'^*miiicncG of Argylc in the 

■OKilr, cir of Lt!Hjy in thi- Ijc-U. Hitt t^ipi-rLittiHiiK of 

tlitf Koprcire^ command were di«np|)ointcd ; aod^ ni 

Benviclr, thr n^tiiroin^ favour of his Hovcroign liad 

rcRaiikcd a noblemen, originally cstraitgi'd fiuiu the 

Conrt by neglcot, nod detncbed from the Covenant 

by secrei dlsf^ust. Ilia corrf»jiondencc with Charles 

iraa d^^tnl during tlu- trmty of Itippon ; and a bond, 

orcuunleTn§»oriation, wa^ di^eovorfd, to which he hod 

procun^d l\\c fiubacripllon of utneteca praiv. TJto 

Committee of Kntiitt^ were av-ttrtrc to thvUitm,. jind dli*- 

poaed to rcfic Mitit^fiod with tbr MirroiulcT and formal 

renuDciation of the bond ; conciliatory mcanun-ri were 

dlMppninlrd by u n-pcirt, uhirb jVlnntroso bad propa* 

l^atadi injurioua to Argylc. Stewart, (-oriiinitiisufy or 

jiidg« of tW ooni^lfitorial court of Duiiki'ld, U'av pra- 

diuvd ns bi-i luilbur. uirt'ordiii^ t» wlinfu- infoniintion, 

ArRyk-t in tltc presence of the Knvl of Alhol, and ei|>Iil 

otbera hb prisoners, declared tbat the E^atv^ had con- 

Hultrd dixiiitrs and biwyen», ^nid ijtti-ndn! Ui prK-ii-d to 

the dciwiiticm of tbe King, An nllr£:nlion fo link- r*- 

roiidlcabJe with \n% fbarartoristlcal prudvocv \vm sua* 




r^ceptlbli^ of B cotnpWtc hihI i in mcdiato proof. Butllic 
ifiict Willi (JuQitfii by ibe u'iUi»e<« pn«cut,miil mrfiiifd 
hy dtcnnrt, who wm ormignM ttnd ronvictod ou a 
train of Matittc* vrhidi wvn nnguiuitry Uk-ii; anil Co 
iIm aJternaiivY of cooi^rmm^ the public rtportt tliat tx 
hflxl beeu itiiUk-ifiJ tu rctmcl tti« char^ by nti lunniniin 
fniquitioua Iawm mi which Hnlmmno wn* condvmMd. 
Htf^^urt H iufornmtioti had Ikku ^txtvily Iroimnttled bj 
MonirasL' to ronrt; but the mc-a^en^r, on bin rrliin. 
yrm» ititvrvt^iLcd by Atxy'*^* ^Mjt^tberlJwlkdfity wi± 
whic}i the King might od^unic tbe coannuiiul oS the 
tknny, tn luvjuirc nii iiHi-rivdiitic)' hy bin presence In 
Parliament, Mas sa^qj^&ted by MiMjlruM*. tbi? dtncot-erj 
vi <m olMTtir^ f^^reapotidenct in lypicr excited a ^iM^ 
nti tilarrit. Tlir King, on \i\s arrixni iu Scotland, bal 
the morlificatioii to And that Moutrosc and iiin frimdd 
were iinprUcMiL-d iu tlie Canlk*, and tbe detection of the 
Banders nnd PhiSerJt hnil e\a»peraittfd tbc pixwccutinn 
against incvudlnric*."* 

Tbufi t«D(lerIy, for Ar^tc and the Coveiiaotm, mid 
mijiihtty fur '* MunirovL* and bis friends," hiu the lib- 
tury of tho«e tratigactions been epitomiacd. W'r rm- 
ture lo ibink that tlier^ ia more of antithe«rt thnn cf 
imiKulijtl u^' well informed hiHlory iriUw aixiVRJinpoiL 
tng passage. No doubt tbc Covtnaitt it«c^]f vra» one 
monstnniM*' Kolrnin obligation to abstain from s^paraie 
und divisive ]Dea2jurefu'' But u^ fur tlie uni*^n M \\rt-.- 
s^crvcd. that iminedtutely rvsoived into tbc secret poli- 
cy of n lew powerful factioni^, for tbHr o\m prival* 
etiilfl ; and whni Mr Laii^ ^ays, that " tlie Commil- 
tre of EslateH were averite frooi division,*' he b nwrdy 



■ i]HloTtr<]f tkntlMuJj Vol,], p, |w. 

THft coNAiiRrATivt^K or 1640. il9 

gJof^ing ovfT thr fnrt tlmt Argy]r nii<l his gnbecrvicnt 
agiUitora would bri>uk no i]jdf)jfudetkt> i;uJi|-lili-ucil, nr 
boncM finlrioi in Uifir roimcils- Tlit- urm* of Mon- 
UvMc^n UkiiI, which tlii» nutiu^i' h^ul nttt ncvu, would 
Imv? mfbniicd htm chnt it witn cAU^r^ by the divjftiir« 
iu«asure8 of tbe " prime CovcnnnterH" thcniftdvi^H, uct- 
mg afpiiust tbe profeased spirit and objei-tji of thnt 
aDomftloi» d«^ of mitiuniil obligiiiion. otic of which 
ihey wvrv carnng their rr>rtuiic« to tlw niiii of tht-ir 
touatry. ^lorrovcr, Mr Lning hns nssumj-^d the n:can* 
vtl niolivrn, for 31i>UtroBr'h o|i|Knitiuji, which Iw could 
D0t prove, Aud, in rcfcrcDcr to clic IcMn^-innkiD)^ of 
ifiT iiTihiniiTiair ('omioiiKiiry, nitil thf vrhoir merits of 
ihtt CAse A^ttin^t ** tli^ riottcrs,** he npj>e;iira to huvc 
btnt totiiliy unlofornu-d in point of i'aci. The trac 
rrnbiodi uf all liieM- iiMttt<r?i. uhiuh iht? iloniJE'(.-nt» lU* 
rtMljr produced havi^ in xome di^rce ducidnlcd, hv 
procvtd Biiil fiinlier to devdo|w from ori|;indl tiiunu* 
mhiiCji- It wiJI bv toiiud tJiuL the swcret history of 
iW fftte of Slcwnn of Lddywcll leaves no f^tain uiion 
Uk- character of Mojitro^e* but (fUitb a diirk nh^tdou' 
ii]»ci that of Ar^k' ; thui tbe evidence extorted 
from Walter Stewnrt, in »o fnr iix it wnn made th* 
pretext for seitding Montrose mid biif friends Id prj*- 
ton, WL-rt ral.ti'hooiU of ihv mo8C puerile Dature. and 
mornii'rr, ivere euiiiptclely i^lutedt and KiAtsd fruiti 
the tnith» by the wepArutc d<-|K)iLEtiont npon oath of 
Moittrob^, Nnpicr, Keif, nnd llltirkhnll, ev<'n bcfbiv 
llieir inninx-rutLon ; that, jievecdKless, in the pro* 
#tcutiou of their design ^tguiiut TkJuiitrose, tbe eo- 
Tv'iuiJitin^ ^vernmnit prxHX^skd upon tlii; aiiigJe tM- 
timony of Waller Stewart, a mnn neither of hoi>e«ly nor 
coaroge.whik they inrstted with <;oiilem|i1 IheeuocurHiig 
lefiliiNony of four of Ihr moxt houounible and bighetU 




mEiidrnJ m«n in ScotUod. Tbat tvidencv, c;>LnTfiill> 
Icejkt aeonri at rtie [Iirw. sluill be brought lo light intbf 
vrqtid. JJrrr wv iiitcztil tu hy before U]«!rcad<tr,froii] 
th^ Nfipii^r chnrccr-rfit^l, th^ (ontrnln of n)aiiiiseri[fi» 
iJIuMlr^tivi- of what pahsetl iil tho^c 8upj>er parilM^ uxk 
iiironiiick]^ (u who wtrt tUe (nJiviiluak «JoIdy umtr- 
£Lble for this 4-oiLA<.*rvatiiv jilottiuj^- 

Thc fuUovriiig iH from u inuiiiuicnpt m the hanil- 
writing of Lord Nnpici' himHHf, mill whfch, wUh W 
other iiiauOAcripUi to be prodiiaicl, has been biirlcd Ifk 
the archivfi of hfs family froiri xUni moment to IhK 
uhik- our li ijclorimm hart' Ih-lii in^-niuuHly rcconlbf 
ibcir vflriou* vpmioii* of" the Plot" 

" TJio Knrl of MotiItow, Liinl Nnprr, Sir <;wir?*' 
Stirling of Kcir,* nml Sir Anttibnld 84i.'Uitri uf Blud- 
hflll, ktiights hnving ocffiMon to locctoflt^ri, iJiil Uirnite- 
)>bre the lianl estate the couDtry vatf in ; our ItctigifrVfl 
nol sectireiJ, ami with it niir Lihrrtirs beting inditttgcr* 
— Lawn ^ileiunl, — ^luKlitv, nml Uje collide of Jtidlalo* 
rieB, oUtnKted, — tiobltmeii iiiul geutlem^n put tow 
|3Ca»tivL' cbar^i'K nboitr tlidr nbilitie;^ uuri 4li<itrn4-tc<l from 
thrir privuttr ^tflairs, — the nnirfii; oftrnflic jiitorruptihj 
ibeuiidoin^of rnt^rchnntflnn*! trfl^losmcn, — inoit^yed nu 
jmid with iuylJfKui^J hUHfU'iiHionsf — rind, b(*j^i<lr« ihci 

Wrtlfwr Si^nlt n*" tht Inlij- hmw r>f*nrifnt Km." Sir ArtliilaiM S»ki 
urE ul' BU(:bJiull uiid Afilu^twiii svii^ft Irfinl ol CuuDi'i] aiiTi St^wui^ Kni 
■lutcf' iMnry THJflitL^. wiv nmrrivd Im blui-]i\iti\l,-^SiOathiiI!ii» MJi. 

f ThftI thl* win no finiffifill vi(iw laki*n hy MonttOKamt L«rtl Xapl 
f^f lbr<tntp ('fihu cnufitry, wi! may linrD tifoa a pM>H|:r in a IrttDr 
HvEliL''*, 10 urJ)- u \hv mnnth of A|'nl I(VW| whon th«l < nrrnuDrf, J| 
thv wry (ntiUt of hi* ■ilinlmtinn ■Ti'l n-^^T^mcDt on Uw Hilynrt uf 
innii'Eiirinl»L*irbLiinB, with tlidrniitiTEv uf itlitiiwJi)4«« unil ■imiitimj' rlai^ 
r^oivriitici'f liLm, — 'iiijrmiuitryuATihi>|i»uirofliraik4ngliKiae.«orlavt 


im^ispntcviJis fejirinK nv^jte fojhl!ou\ — tlie Ki/ig's autho- 
fity being much ahttkvn by the kle troubles. — kiiiiwiiig 
wr\\ tfaai iho nccowHrj' nm«i'quence6 ami eflecU of a 
u'rak i.ij\vvA^i\ p\}WVt i^r^ <xnarch'j atui coiifit.'tion, ilie 
lyrniiny <if suly^'t't!", ilu- itu^Kt fattuttithlf and tn^upjmrf* 
abie t^frttnny of the a^rlif, — Hitbout hojie of redit-ss 
from ihe Prince, curhid antJ rentramed fiom ihe lan*- 
fnl n^ <if FiiH iKtH'rr^ — f'irolttiriH niul ilip^trArtions aiiloiK 
— npiNjrttniity Uit'iii'mitr&abruiiil, and to lilallectL-d ^nh' 
JtClSAlliom^, to kindle a 'ire in ihe sLitc wlneh linrdly 
rtui \k queuched (uidess it pk<asi* thu Almighty uf hU 
jfTcnt mercy to prev^ul il) without the riiin of Kirt^. 
}*roph\ mid Stafe. • 

*" Tbeue seutiible evils be^^ot in thetti (Uotri-htH uf r»- 
inedy. Thv beftl, Ibey thought, was, thnt if his Mnjt'Siiy 
would ljp|iU-n?<td fo rnme hi pt^rmn la Sniilitml, uiid^ivp 
hiii|>ro[>l?i^atiBfactioik tiipolittof llctJgionp(iijily;/WL]bi-r* 
ti(ii,hciihoii|d tliirirby svUle hin own diuil]urity,arid cura 
«ll the dUtcm}wrBi uiid di?< tract Iuuh among hji Habjtct*. 
Wot thfy nn^iUi-fHl thcmsrh'rs thwl Ihr King g^ving(tod 
llfs dot', und Ibo )H'u|dr tlK-ii'»!^, tbry woidd |-iv<r (!a'4ar 
tbatnbjcli wusbiH' Whii^^ ihvaetbou^'htsduddbcoarbcs 
vrcro rntcrtninrd among tbi-'TM, Unitonftnt Wnlter 
Stewart vtiMW to the town, who wn* ivpniring Iv court 
about bit owti business. Whcri*»poTi It was thought 
rxpnllmt to ctnphiy him to deiii with tht l>iikt*nrLcti- 
pox (bviDg a Stuarit nnd one that wak oft at court th«y 
thought, but w*i"o<lrcrivcd, T.hnt he wa% wHI known to 
tlieDiikr) lu jierHuodt- biHM^esly'bjuuruey loScothuid 

Oil* mvlve iDiiratLf h»TL? Ix-on iUuuimhI, Jjvimh miut^^i'^ l>iflr tTAlitws. 
oiir Hlje1;liuiili Hin iMiikini; rimdy Uivir iinnr^ vid <iiitu; tru^iii la luurilirt 

" Thi« w |<ri»|j1ji'hi.\ Il will b« bh«crv«l iLav toiiipof dio M|irH^^ 
■ii>n* IN ihiB aUiCviiirnt imv eIiA «Atf vrtlb wJiud luwl fay MoDtni)** tu kJi 
L««t«r upon ^vcn^uu |\iwtfr' 



Tiir tliu HlVcl futvsuid. Tim was ll»? LiiruUftiurEt i rm- 
pJoyincnt. and pucht eht, nltliough tbt-rrw»t Homcother 
discoiin'c^tothflt jHirjHJM^in thrhyt'.ii^^tliRl it wai-boi 
Ijih Mi»ji<^ty nliould ktv2> up tlit? O^-ea* vacjjuI. till ht 
Mnjtsty li"d (n-tlTL-il Uic affairri Ih-tc ; aitd the LtciilciuDt 
|jri)[ioiii-(l iliist ditlUnlty, lliAt our urmy by in his wh;, 
and thai his Mfij^^ety conld not in honour pass through 
Iht^ni ; f^ wUlrli hr ^oi thi^ prentrix. rt*ply, IhntourCucu- 
tiiuvioiii^nL weru at LuDdini, — if the King did iiputagra 
with thctn, hie Miij<-)4ty would not irome at alJ.*— but if 
lii; did fi^rtH-, Ihv army sliould tw hJH army, and thef fl 
U'uutd nil loy down thdr arms at his fcrt* ThcTf i* 
no nijin f^o fur from the duty nf a gtrnd-stibjcci, or ^ 
void iif ironinioit 6L-uae, ub to quurrel this inulter. But 
tlic wanner \» mightily jm|>iigntd, and a^j^ravatcd hy^ 
all the mrati^ that thr tnnlii'iuii.H liMIrr rnn invcnl 
It i« bofn/w, «aye hr, no mnii ^o itnpndi^cit a»cao denj 
it; but it IB not fii'w^.and, therefore, *" Tlie Plotti*™,"— 
for ^tli tliat odious name tLiry dvbi^fit thrm, — OUgfal to 
l>e lamihhcd \rith Ion iif fnnu'. life, laadv, goods ^niM 
gffir, atid III- incapable of plna-, honour, or prefrmit^iit^ 
— a Hure fli-nleDCti any man will ihiuk, after the ni^Uer 
be WfU trii.-*! and dinc"UKwd."t 



The ttole object, theti, of " the Plot," was to stave 
monarchy, and llu! lit<>t iiitcrL-nls tff tht? country, frnm 
that runipant dt^mocrncy of which tbi^y eventually 
came t\te prey ; nnd the nimph' design v.'ns to pcfsua 
hifl M^fjehty to cohje ju pi-rbou to ScollaLd, to saitB 
the people on the siihjetl vf '* Jttligion ond Liberti<*." 
and then to Kuve ttie inTro^jjtivex of the (^'mvcn from 
tbe Jawless nttnckx of a grasping fnctiotJ. Fcr IbU it 



Thv Ofiicv* uf StitC«. 

t Nn|iiflt t.;iiJirl»rK:ttrt- 

uosrao5£^ aWicb to cuaill&s i, 4^3 

WM that >foT)1ro6e And bis friends were sent to pilsun, 
and jHTsocuU'd eolang. Vol wi- arc told, by tbc uMc 
uuUior of " Some Mt^iiiuri^iln vi Joliii Hiuitjidi'n," in re- 
fimocvtothij^vcryimpmcjunic-iiu — "Mi>nir<>sv'lifld bveii 
tb^o^rn into con fine men r, byihe Parliament of Scovfjjnd, 
fur a complicaliou uf proved vflences of llie /tf^/icst 
9orit" — Huch in Lcinl Nugi-ut'K fiai uit tlitr rinbj^ct: 
* CtiArles lind been conv^Hj/tdirig with an unprjnrljiknl 
vtolifOt favlioil ill 8(:oiJainl, — a stntnge letler fix-iu tlic 
EaH of Mtmtroai-, whoeu- amhitmim ilcnign/i were :iow 
grtirntliy jtrtjfjec/t^, had l>een iliiiicovfredt'* — 8uch 1;^ 
Mr BroJie's. But what if this letter, here su> con- 
rritirnUy charactrrm-d os "* strange," t-ontainni th(* 
pUTx.T4t acd smiadcst advice, conveyed in the nobliml 
expn*8ilo[i9? Mr Hrodic intiiriales ihot the diHccH 
nery uf tlii^i Htrunge letter u'aa a cauae wliy the Cum- 
monv of England !»u vehemently re^i^led the »nHden 
rcF^lution fnriuei] hy Charles of vi:^itli]g Scotland tn 
tti^year I6*l. We know not pi'eci^y to what let- 
ter on r historiojrriiphi'r refers, and doubt much if he 
biinM-df had uny preeUe kmjwiedge onthe^ubjeet- Hnt 
are wc to believe the simple siatenicnl, of the mo* 
lirM anJ objeets of Muntri>8e and hia friends, left by 
Lord Napier id b!& private notes or the wild and vio- 
lent theorie» of moilern party wrLltx** ? Wan ihi.- itecrct 
cctfmpondeiiav of " tiie Plutters" with their boverei^n, 
atrprtMcipfet/t rro/^at, and utrttngf, or did ft breathe the 
rery Koulof lofty jnte^rity and di^intereftted (jatrioliAni? 
\jt\\h^ ttrigitittt drttft^ ulHoinlbehnndwiittngof this 
Lord Napier, otn Jitfcr, — now fcir titefii-s^t lltne hrouxhl 
to light, — -and ivliieh wt- may well l^'lJere tuflneneed 
(bat sudden and hitherto unaeconntable determine- 
tioni)f<'b&rle9,aguin^t every remonittrmiee uf tfie i^oEd^ 
and Commons of Eoglnnd, to pUu^ himself in ihr liandN 

184 UOSTOOflr. and the COVKNAKTCRi- 

i>f hi* rr^bt*! AtihjrctM In ScirtUnd^* — thr IrlU-r wliidj 
cmamiM rram tfioe^ lamilyiMrtw with MoianHc and 
Napivr, — ftjjt-ttb fur ilaelf. 

" Sin, — Your Rntj<-nt utitl native kinploin of Stat- 
lami b ill n mighty <] intern per ft i^incUfiitH-oCto^r 
MBijr»ty to Aud out llic (ibww?, r*riiiove the cau^ct^ awl 
ii|)j>ly t-onvrnicnt rcniMitc*, Tbi' OiM-mit, m my o|ripnin, 
is Ci/it/ajt^nn^, nriil iriay infccl tlir riM*t of yw^r M*]**- 
ty'tt ilnminioDs.t It Is tlietfaULug sielnioss, for tli«y>n 
likt lo faJl frttm you, iiiul from Uitf ulictlie-ure Jne 10 
you. If, by rcmoringtliv<au»c. und jipplicdtiop of u-halr> 
aomc^ miMiJii'fi, it hi' not &p<v^Iiiy pi^'Vi-iiird- The rn^taa 
it a fear aud apprvht^iiniori. 10/ wilbomt tome rcn^fOJi.! 
of rhau^s (11 rtli^oii, aatl that ^itjieniiiiimia womliip 
blifilJ hv brfiiighl in tijtnn il^ nni] tlir-rrvith nil ibrir l;i;^-> 
fTifringeiJ* ftird tiieir iilwftitfr^ itiiodctl- Free lti«ui. Sir, 
from IIiIh f<?ar, iin iy»« arv/r^J^om antf tuek thongki^ 
and uuiloutitcrily you shjill Ibrrcl^y srLtk< thul Suit« in a 
^Vm <>h€difnce to ^our MaJHfi/ in ait finw ccmhg. 

* eiv riiiiviHlim'* l>i*lgiy <if e!uI Jiviinl. irlivt* ]jv4j-«, " NViilvi *■■ 
ill" ji[>fi»rkLl o' \i\* M>^<?h1j''* 4u [i04^b^f un*! imnhfiahtr nvutuliirQ vf 
Hvln^ <U 8<-uElhiiiliiiLE!]dvritly ci<*rte>AMi4ltfr< Liy» who thought bi'vli^l 
lj«vir tr«iiw^c<l tbc budbr* of iJibI kiiij^irm, whrrv b? cvold not iva- 
■uJioblf vv|ii-i.-t luiy iirtttt reverence 10 bla pcvun, ben^r M a <|j>iiini«, 
■nd lliat hi« pripwniHi mij[hL 1u- m^^rn iiivFb«ry In lhi>k** 

vn»n uluud Ilk tlw" UurEli," wlik-h vKl-aiiJvJ lu the vfonu tbMilw*]Kfli 

I h It wiiiihy oi mnuih. ilnii the philabupbiF |(ijfnt\ i-cddeimI^ 
thf E>Lijr]| nil Uic ui^tH nl jiuMiitJH riiiiL |4vJutUf v ilccuid ulniid «n itie aoltlMi 
f-l lliu iiiiidtu, null vAprvvKtfd it iiLmotI Ip lbi>Himv word^'liAl MaAEpo^ 
mid r(ii|rii>r littil dniii> ut tltv ti^ni.-^ * Amldi' thuie ilangvruut cumiiljuali 
■rill ivmin ot rv1k|{Loia< miii>viif um, tb« tlvil iinil *cc}4*i*«tksl lihcttiiB 
(pf lliv (luUuji WW llmmLuv^k >»■'' "'M j0Mf rrowfl, DM tv W MlluytfbM 
If tfv fruui liiviLbkir."— /TbL Vul. vi. p. 3t9^ 



Tlktrv liai'^^ no other f-nil hiu to prvsrrvp tfifir RoHpflon 
in piirity, ami liitir Ljlierticti t'liUre. Tlial iUvy hiXaid 
the ovciliirow of monarchical govcrrninctit in a caUitti' 
ny,* Tljcy aroi'n(iQWL"of no cithi'r,^f[>r inn»y nud grr^al 
rviB»H>j]^- — and rrv Ihey will Adiuil onotlifrr Ihaii yuur 
AlQJ(.-«t}% and. iirtt^r you, your scm, ami tienn-st ot'ymir 
poateritjr, to sit upon tbut throDtr, mantj ihimsaitfin t>f' 
them fciU xjicstd their tiettrrJti hhoti Voii are iml like 
« trt-e Eait'Iy j^laiiknl, ulikdi ov^'t.'t1i tlie Inll lo iht- fin«t 
vriiid- Vour aiicestoi-s have guvcroeil U]<?re, wiUiniU 
iDfrmiptinn of rnre, two thoii^iind y*rnrv, nr thi?rcE*bo«i, 
and Ukcii »udi roul a8 it can jJt<vvr be^ plucknl iL|t by 
waxy but yourvflvtv If any otli^^r nhall t-iUcrtniu 8Ucll 
trrflsonAhlt^ tJimight-s wJiidi I ilo nM hi^hovc, certainly 
tbvy wiU pLov« as vaJii as tbey are wicked. 

"* Tb« remedy of tikis danjiferons diat^use oon^lxtcth 
ooly in your 51^jl'^ly'^ iJitKL-nci- r*ir ii ri]m*v in Ihnl 
kingdom. It is tnsy to you in person to *cltlr llicse 
troublvfl, and Ut x\\»\^.•\i^v Un^at^ niista of ap]>n-[ierLAitni 
and \\\Uuik\i\'^^—irrtjtossih!e io any utiicr. If you Kpud 
down A ( ijninir^imu'r, wliHtcVr he ht\ lie i^hidl noilhcr 
giv«- nor gi^I cunltulnicikl, but f^linJi icudrr the dihciiiiL- 
lucurable. The aoco-'ss of your Mf^^aty'ft alTairh. — the 
Etecurlty of your authority, — the |>eaci- and hnppjnrss 
of yoar lubjccts, iltpt-ud upon your personal piv^eja-e. 
The disr^M' is* of that I^iiid which i? much helped by 
<«iifC«V [Jajagination], aud the pi-eneui^e of tlir phy»ii- 
daa. A'oT is th^ proper time, aud the critical <iay«; 
fortlic prn|il<" hwt^vhtitty^e, :ihd 4'\jn-(i from it much |;^ood, 
— a nvw bravcn and a new i-artU, — but. bcinj^ disuft- 
poiiifetf, arc ns dvMiroiis of & rt-chniigc to the former 

■ lib U nUlwl in bvfiar uf tho Srottiah udon (E^uvnillr, not vl iIh 

HOSlmOi^ 4MJ TH£ Cl>P£NA>;T*KaS. 




Ibvan, Sir, in point of Rt^Uinoii snil 1^ 
pm etnc iherr. in o lovlug tmd free au- 
A^way^rrj-mirMoJCTtybadurrtranj olto 
" dNk not i n trnd Uir kMt prrjndiev U> dtbcr- 
oud »udi t» mjoy ihrtr lawful 
irf»y brtur, aiid JoTt mor« Lbdn tire gK^h^ 
«rTiW, vbo d» All out of base fmr, uhich U^u 
k Aay Uttenmnt tlnl auiy anw itpou ibe urii 
ik tW b«t Padknnt,t ytmr 3l#jt^ty'» pn> 
Um adTJcc and dMlnroan of yvur fnithfitJ 
imodau. Lctyoor U^jeslj be 
farour, ami rarr of ^OUr 9ub< 
Jfrtrf' ««aL bf fivinf w»7 lo any jiiti id^Immi rf ibdrli 
far Mie^ of Ibe bonUttft these lat« traublv^ liavc laid 
^ f^ra&uiv wbat dw may Ufid l4> thnr 
■■r Ua^atf may do with aasimDoe that 
|p incMcd jaur own. 

£4«« jMf la mtd^^dUpmU ^tfomr poKrr,t 
"^ ia as laMrancBl nervr nib}<xt* yH baodlnl wdL 
L«« ttat 5«Hr aalkori^ recniv an/ ditnitiuUua of ihal 
mhkh iW Itv of God and aanire, and tbc fundaiQcn- 
tll hw of tht rauntry alknreik : For tiM-n it fJiail 

vmk aad tniatrablv it Uial 

bath Boi powrr 'iiAvit^tii to p«Biah 

mtd teaMADlani pvacv aud jualicc^ On the 

A*^, aiB aot at abaolntciMai £ It cudapgcr» youj 

« TM*ib'fai*y alalpjap Ik* kktt ■ m m — *, otncvd bf tb^ CVt«* 
ft w^^ Attd A« mn4t 1* bn4 ib*^ «ftw ■!! lb* if* 

■J Bm OmJ,** (b^hA4b«A bdAmiU Kim ■>d 
■r Jo* IMa k *hkb 3t«u(ni«v Ai^Mltd 



i:atai<\ niid ftlirft up trembles ; 'J'hr people of (he western 
purtA of ibo wurld couUL rie^crr rnUure it uiiy loii^ time* 
aiid tbry of ScoUnnd Ji*iu th^in nny.* Ilcnrkcii not to 
Ri'hubonrn's council Iws.^thry nrr fhiMorrrht nu*\ ihm*- 
forr cuiiiiot be frirnJ?^. — ihey folJow yaxit Jortum: nnd 
love Dot your |>crHUTi, — pretenrJ wbjil l\wy wi|]« Ibeir 
hwly itinbitirju sihI avarice muicc tbem i>en(im(te au 
abfiolufc gnvrrnnit-nt, thnt the excrt'iae of ihesnnir [mny 
bt |iuC up] CfU tliei^ir Jiud tlieu tbey know hotv tu |^ct 

■* Prartice, Sir, the t^m|fcratc ^vernmeiH, Ii fit- 
t«tb tbe liuuiour and disposition of Ihe naiiuu best. It, 
is mo*t >trcinK, iitoat ]>owerfuU Anil TriOf^ttlurabli'of imy. 
It ghddeth llie hrnrt of your subjtcta, nnd then tbey 
erwt a throne lb*Nv for yon to Tv'i^tu—^naifmtittm 
imperium qao oix'ttii'ttt^H f^auihnL Let your /ojrt oci 
tbcre be tbe settling th<? Uftices of State upon men of 
known intf^rity arid i^iiflicieDey.] Take them not upott 

f tWe U hmm biaiui Dfubuut two Unu tn th« maniuctlpir vUflb 
■pfiMni fA hftirc MuffLrril fri^m fira Ttichlwik nmy hf Ibii' aui^ifitfnin 
d nuTt^nnttni'j patiiuiijt. in tX\tr \'/^U'i tif Mntithutv, j{iii?n in I'hkpTvr 
XlJlr— " rohiiiHtj ihri'iijf thr I'ffpir nj fAtir urvUA, the A'lfiy o/tfiJtptV' 
pt^t Tvpt tiu£ lu ftiiH, itntf oj' tht huHvuf ii'ni iTfivtutiun vfwuttvmP 

% 11ii> ^t.'irivli <'ui]>m]j»iatiur« uf Um Irrnt)' in Lt>tidr>n wc^o fli tlik 
dmc nokiD^ tbe n>«i oiLtrm;n>u* Diict ipiaultbg dtmiiudji upon tbe 
KiiiK'a {frvFugiilivL- null |kL'r>uiiflJ ('rwiluui, 'I lii'y iliiutiinilvil iliHl Iw 
■nil tlw Princ'i nIiouM fr^H^uvnlly n'jiidii in >rnllHnrl, nnrl itijii about 
tbtfir pcnnna «od tht? ijit^'pn'^ -Jionl'l tv pine**! >iRb b* wi>rv not 
Otododou* to tbi^ vuvi-najitinif fotfiUTi. In i\u- Kku^'h aj»wi-i^ nfiich 
■n «acAii!ingly ruiniiviiitc^ nuii dijcrnluHl, i^Ktv i* ■ t^Eniii-idviic* of 
■■pfliUlPO Kilii Hiv 4l4«v(< ivll*^. lii* Mnjvvty inc.«l junlJy ohitrin^ 
ihU Ilia ' f(OodM«B wid ffimcr luwiinii hi» tubjwU ul ><]i>diujit. in plui> 
lof uf CboD iboDl htfc uwn (iifntEfEi in plucua ufiETViiTtkl iiokm^ uid 
Inirt, hMh bi*L'ii tutili u onijht \q ipvif full «iid<fiicuou uf bid ruyal atfoo- 
liofi lawsf tts liid ■ul^i.'cu of 111* nnUveklnpffjni; vid tor Jl>pU4:h of tb« 
ft&i(H«f STorluid, h^- hAlli. iini] u hhitl nonbniiv in utt llif iwrTiftf nf 




m^ilil, ami other iiit?ir« reutmuiitfiidaUoni — lliey pwftr 
rn«i fiM" tk^r otcu endM, and willi rc^j>ccl lo theiHtiffrrt. 
Nettber yot lake thcin nl hnxarclp — but upon yi>iiruwii 
knowM^'e, whid) fully rcachcili to a gn-at many mnrr 
thiiii will fill tliuKe fow pljiLv*. Lti thtm iitrt Iw HUih 
ttfi iirv oME|ri*d tci otta-rH titan ymu^cir for llu-ir prtftr^ 
incnc, — natJrtcfUMi nor ;w/j«/«r, neither such iw tie 
mNr/i /tfr/tyt for ttu'^t* art- not nhk- t« Hirn^- you utU, 
nud tlic ot[u*r& arc m>t wJltin^', If It \k prejudice to 
thoac WT*"" whnm thry dcpcnil. They who arr prrft> 
red, Bud cblif^d to yuur M^jcmly, will btuiiy U> bthavtfl 
liitm w^f II juid iliitifiilly la thdr pbctr*. if it were for no 
nihr-r n-UKnn yt^l ftir this, Ihni ihry tnalit* not ynnr Mu- 
je6ly tuhaiikcd of your choice. So tliall yuur M^efty 
nec-urc your Authority for tlw^ ptvitiil, and ftclUe h ft 
Ihi'fiitnri'tinH'. — yimr journey »hnll hi' prvitpiT^ms yoni 
rrtum plonaus — you tiball be followi^d with llur bit 
autpt of your |X4>;dL', and itrlh ihrtt roatL-titJUi^iit whit 
a virtuouH deinl jvflvctrth ujHin Hiv triiiid of thp dovr,' 
iind mrtnr tru<- and valid ^hnll your ^lory be ihau if 
had eoa<|u<^n.Ml unliun^, artd «uhdiird a pt-oplL', — Pr/x w 
triumphis innuMerijf potior,' 

" Axioms. 
" I. AH novations m Rtlt^ioti, and aUenii>t^ iijkiiT 
Uiu Luu-A and Liberties of th^ tmbjectx, producvlbdau^ 

" 8. Sovereign p(*wcr, in ilic pcrst>n of one. few, 
many, i^ the snie rind only bond of Itumau socictj 
Nevr[" was thci'tr any company of ttii'u ^v<Tni-*l hy ivli^ 
giuu, nor reason, owing to the diversity of opiaJoieitfthiuit 

micli oftti&l niiti'm tU nhttU hf nf firmtrn MHjfi'tmtff nnrf tntfjfrir^" Th^^ 
reply w«* iifulc h April lirll, nfrcv iht> K^nn; Mi! feiiamini-tfi<| b^ uttHL 
lUrn 'if g*««Tj( to S(^-jtknd. — VtrnfrmffirHtry truiUarpIt of theit 
aVM. A^. Li*'- Wii'lrun', MS. tXXllf, 
• Quv inive Uli«tt«v tbin ■ tb«an(Hi irlumplrt 



boih. Xor \ty love or virUie, mo-^l uieu l>ein^ wit-keel 
nd inclined lo hate. There masi he a c/Hicfhe power 
to itirue oJH^iJiciJc? to Inn'i; anil jit><t i^iiiiniiujdeuieiils. 
To WTFikrn ihcn thin power is lt> dissolve Bocit^i)', uver- 
tbrow ifovertkii^^Rt, and itiUiMlui;^^ uiufitbiuu mid dis- 

" St !l is mnde weak wlu'ii it is restrained Iwi fnr 
witbint and, il is \veak alKo wlj^n il i^ e^EteiiiJed b^ 
yond, tbc true bonnds : {like a stroi^g sif^nct of gold, 
i^faicb limy be extenUud ui u grt^^it leuglli und breudUi, 
to almnit nn aiiy thinnt^T^, biit thereby is extremity 
vrraVcitftL) It ifi mdyutrorignnd diirabk^ wben it im tnn- 

'■ 4. Tbc ^'X^f'n^ of kingJy power is tlie step next to 
tymimy^ if tbc prinn- ht- htid^ — if gi^mci, ia the tyruniiy 
i>f ixiuxtivrb, — the TYstraint to annnhy, (whether iiv bo 
good ur hm\.) and thi* (fffoany and opprr.f^a/i of yien 
of power in the kingdom. 'J*he tyranny of snltjtL^U, — 
htiug the most ticrcc> insntiable, and tmsiip portable- ty- 
raiiny« — procnivtb tbui ^olorisin of state, a inirk^rable 
|M»j)le under ,i ^ood and just klug- 

" 5-Soi-treign power i» a tnered thing, — not to be 
dcriiieil, bouudtd, nor dispiUiKl of by )^vibjecb4, — indred 
Dot to \^ int-ildled witii ut aW by tb«iu. — lliey wuuiiii 
it tboiigb tJuy (oiioh it ni-vi-r t+o tnideriy, 

"G. Subjects oii|^bt oDly tocDdcavouz' the Gccarity of 
tfaeir oiA'n Laws imA LiWrti(?§, whi^reby tbf! Hovereigti 
power, Hitb*iut l!tt"ir undeiiv<HifH, by noi^i'SNary iiirif*i'- 
queuce, inuftt run in it* own true <iiid natuml chnnnc-U 
and ke*p a temperntr coursr, wherein consistclh ilie 
joint biLppiiit^As uf King unU Bnbjvct^ Jf it be hhort 
and refttraioed, It i« g*nid for b<Jtb Unit it bcr enlarged 
tili it meet wtllj tile Htibj<-c1blilH.'rUeH and pHvik-^, and 
tbtrv it ongbt to !>iM, for that is tlie Iru« liroltH of it; 



nnd if it \yc rxurbJtjinlT tfir lAii-a and libcrlK* of tli4? 
pfoplr (which IS the subject to exorbitant povrer worb 
upon) befng si?f\ired, tlu^n th(>re h no Triniior. nsir, nor 
force iti that eJiurbilAucff — uud tbervfurc it mi&t uwIb 
be tvniiHTaiP, 

" 7- TIk King nni] hii^ pi-i^iplc mnko up wk Ijody po- 
IJtiP, wh<*rrof h^ ix iholieRd, th<y Arc the m^iuber^aud 
so nrar ib ibc rvlntioik tlinl iiothiiii,' ia or cau bv im«j£in- 
ed ^ood or it] for the one tint in uot ju*t «o for the 
other. If their etidit&Tiii eiidcarouni bt- never Mi liuSo 
<livers«, and ccccmric, tbat princu inclinfrlb to tyrauQ^i 
or thnt pcopio to disloyally. 

" The^ jimximH, ttud irlburs tif tliv like nature uul 
truly undcmlood twd practincd, U the founcv of mil di^ 
orders in tlir Stnir, Ar^iinuriiJidrnwn from them.tfti 
tbt likt, lire llie b*ftl i»grrtJic/ltji ill a w huleaonio ca 
9el to a King, or to subject*, "^ 


The cuinfideiices. Imth i:i iboiiglil and expre^ron, 
twcen this iiitcrt^tlng U-tter» and the speecb of Ctiarkf j 
when opening tbu FarJlm/icnt of Scotlaijil upon Ha'iA 

* OHfcinnl ^^^ Ahpter rAurrrr-^Ar«r, Thb very InlrmUnji mi- 
nufcrifil i» tii'rt tii(^Hi-'.\ it ^IhIl-lI. I'mjuntiorutblj, buirvv*T| il la 
orijciiul drxh cif q l-avr U' t'Jimlva t aitl ii; the IvniL-wiitinfi of 
lint LorJ NiipK-r, nntj, wIlJi tbeAHiomt, oovii;jiv* (^rtc fttdnvf a 
iJitfwE. Tl KiMxf hu^* Ihvh tvrillvii bi/furw CliurW iiJiuuiiiHMd to 
pW lil« J-[vitiiiiiiucii"> uj *ijdi ^^tlioH. Ii it p«Klbl«. thM w« 
r«ovi>r ihi> kuhniQuoc ol' u loiior fo Idq Midirtty Inrloftnl hj one 

tht linLr *i1 lrf-ni>4>](. ivhil ihxT ihp li'TiJ^r fmni Tli« K inn In MiMitfiHc* 
wlLu:b ^teipumf wiu r^-iltlwiJ, IjiiiI (vjIvivljiv Ec lliu aJttH.v thtu ufllimii] bi 
It ivtll li» nvim (but iJiif ulNJVtf Limuiiot u lurlv [iBnicm|i]» iiLKii|ii«lLy tbt 
vnaic tvldi louio iii ihu lotUT from Mciui^v '*u tin.- »ubji^ <rf Bvh'^, 
r*>i|rn VowuP- But whuliivr wimt wo thut iliacovur lu J-*tn1 >a|nVi 
Tiiinff^writliLif hi^ ii lvttt«r nf hia iiwn bt Clukrlp* I, am i\rnh a( Monl 

fMirifi}; ii wirli iiL] Tl]LMiiAiMJM*Ti|>(> iHmtlmlivtf uriUitiillegnt plrpi.) thai 
rijnlAiijt liitf unm Jitwl .4UliHtjii>i'i> nf tfit* uilTicti wlii(l>t uiNJli ibv fvv OCA* 
■iutiB uf tlivir JatsrcouTfV. HoiiUuflv UiuiKiffcrvU tvUa ^~ovcr4KiKn. 



nvmcirnhJr tjcmsiuti,* arr vcrry miiiirl<oMr<, mu\ IcnH i» 
etrndrni die j^ka that hif. Majt^ly }ind rovdv^l tlie li't* 
Icr, and that il8 i-ontents hnd riimlo n puwi.'i'riil iiiiprt-M. 
KKKi on bis JtiiiJil. It would have rcixdrrcU imr tvU 
dcnci', <>f ilir nnturc- Hiid pniifiplcs nf IVIoiitroscntuI Xn- 
pier'8 plolt^Dg, vt-ry coinpU*t*^, ronld tLe IcIUt have be^n 
dt«cov<;ri^ which WoUcr Stouflrt was biidgiii)- horn 
Charktt tu Mdiitru^f, on tlit^ 4th »f Juriv 1641* 
AiKjlbcr kttcn huwever. frum hh Mnjtrgty tti Lord 
Xapif-r^ rfnird nnly ntunit a (VjitTiighE earlier thnn the 
day vu which Walter ^Stt-warl wa^ aei/ed, h^td reuda-d 
iU devtinatioti in saft-ty, and fn'i>bubly wiilmuC the 
knoHlrdgi-of ibi- tyr^nnkul (.'utiirnittt*t'. 'i'his nppi'ni-s 
from lh« ori^nnl, i4-hich hti« liccn prfstrvvd with the 
Other maiiuscr^plH in fhr Nnpirr rharler-diest. Let us 
Mv thvn in wliat dark U'Jiijh CbiiNtH I. " tanJjJL'rcd** 
wjtl) thi« " nrtpniinpleil violent furlioii in Scolland." 

" To ottr riffif trtiirtij rrn/i trri/ Moved ConndfiGr, the 
Lard Naper. 

" Right tniBty nnd *pJ! twlnvcd, UV greet you welL 
Having fully n-aolvt^d to repair unto that our kingdom, 
for holdinjc of the parliament tht- I5th of July next, — 
tliAt wc inuy wuiisry our good itubjt-L-tH uf our rral in* 
t^ntions io f^tle nil innttrrs in a peaceable fiiuiiaer. uh 
may ino^t coTidncc for the weal of our kingdom, — so, 
having iif lale wriKvn uuiu our couneil XXa-tv. io meel 
nud attcud at Rdinhurgh to receive uiir fnrther dii-ec^ 
lions, we have likewise* out of tlie former experience 

■ Itit Kiag't tpfwh wiU b« found id RushworlJi. PnakUn, juid tn 


we liave luul of jrour afl'c<ti<Mi to our Mrricp, ilinti^bl 
fit ti> rvii|iiirr you to Muy cunnUiiiUy liters for piv^o^ 
dirvctionfl » j-ou sUall find ticcruar)' for our n?c«ption 
and eiiterUinnHrnt, snd to aUc»d oiir furtbcr iilcnsuir. 
an it »bull from time lo tinw be itiipxrted unto you ; itvl 
in tlic aitun time tbat you ikdvcrlt*^ tis buck u-Uli y^T 
opinion nhol yoii tiud further req«iiNl« for tbiv tlTrci' 
Whefvin ^xpediuR your ready care, we bid yom f(p> 
well. From our euurt at WJiiU'holl, tlie 80lh >Uj 

Ala*, " the Plotter^'* were scot to the Cestk on iJi« 
llihofJuno tLervufU-r, uud wbeu Cbarlce arrived in 
Scotlimd be waa welcomed only by bin eiiemie^. He 
liftd jti^l bt't-ti erim|>rllrd to Kign the it<uilli>warnint <:f 
bih |«M'alt%t 6taleMiiiaii in Ku^Jand, and now, tlieffV 
wb« Mtru^^led lu save liis honour, and hi» rrown, in 
Si^luud, were j)n?<uiLrr!i of Ibe name merrilfwt fiietiuo- 
And in tbfit Jow^ntiiided »rrftniblr, nmong tbe factjan- 
i«tA, fi>r i^lnce and |iow<T» whidi occurrtxl enr Cbarlf* 
Ktumed, be */'V/ "suffer ihem to meddle willi hiB 
power," — a tioalof //c*//'tfr//rrtf (rinin|iJird over lbe<wi* 
etrvatwe ^^m/Mitrr, nnJ in iUe fullouing y^ar the v^ry 
Dieii unon^ wbom CharJesbaddUtribuied honuurH aoA 
officer, with too J»vihh a ImmL and sjame uf whom lht*a 
bf'di'wed that haixd with cm'^/imttinff Wart^ rai«vd a rt- 
bcl army, and joined the Kebeliiou in England. 




C!rAI*TK» XV. 

Titornti fiom<- of our iiirxlfni hiHioriniiBsuprrot th^ 
VitJiority of Dr VV'i^h^r(, while lljey rdy iipiui oiutcm- 
|N>mnce infiniicly intirr qui-stioimble. that loyal cler^fy- 
umh vufl [HTftMrtJy iKTtiratt* in saying, tliiit vrhtit- 
tvcr lalt* tile Cov«iLU]itcri frftmed to answer their «• 
tiblcr pur|ns<--% they wuiju-j1 tii;t prjipr-r iftHtrumeDUi 
always &I hnn^^ to Rprond th^jn .-tmong thv pi-uplt-. Thi- 
noble author whoj in our own tfines, so sentvutiouHly 
miiailt?', UiHt pi'EuleiilUI inoliveK aloni* piwt'ritril • 
Um; ScotA fruni puhlicWy arraigiiiitg Montrose, i« OHiy 
right in J> wnsf he dnl not iiiti-ml, nnmrly. ibnl the 
faction huvtag uo case, m Jaw or (equity, agxtiiiKt him 
irhtjm ihry fmmcl so " very \mn\ to he giiifird," prii- 
livntJy l>otook tljenisolve& in iUv Hiojinj.'nt iwts of lyran- 
otcoi drtfiocTficy. The eame fly«tei;i of unprincipled af^- 

* Lnd fCogrnt, In bl* worh cntitlhl, " fkniu- MmiiurjulA c>f Jolm 
HtOPprtwD, hi* l^]^ty, will Tibih," (a <:h»iiiE^Ew(iiitiit nFwhlrli [m\\ilt chfr 
nMflT *if fctflnrrf*!',^'' whf>u< rt*tli<a4 *piHt wB* in-^rr ttuywl ljy uny 
Hi — irfiytjfwPBM, Ituui |jimumg, by tupy ;Ni-dri« (*/ rtufenv-r nnd franit, ilti- 
ilpjitrvr'J«<<i/'t)'r> Jvrn wlio tliWHU^I liii iphjufl* of Jjiul^i'. ur o|».1/uo 
led dii> licwt of hkhiiipli-rL'iR'hiiL^ Li^nMiloQ."^ ivorjnU^ il> iiuiihrr of 
hliawy, «iai Mf>iHroiitf " hud bcon rhpiwn hui ^nrifim-mnni f>y ifif 
hrilUN-tir of HrnrUnii, ^>r ■ rnEnjilimfictti ai p*m'f*l oJfratr§ ot lli« 
bl||bv*t (•■ft. Ik< h^tl rlv )<Ar iK^rnrc ■.-n)£4i|tnl hiiii*i'lr m u fAm (■> Ui>- 
Iny Uiv i'ovifCDuiIiiiji iniij. wtlli whom h" vii-t 'nivUig, Imasui^ h^ ^vl 
JMM m on qfllrr;^ (c^ |iro<-uiV cliu i hWr Dr>innnii(l, uit] prud<<Dlliil mmi- 
il*v« 4l«Dc prvtiMiiMl JAe A^J ifiia |mti])ekly orrniitninir him An' ib« 
■rt,"— Vol, ii, p. ul. 



tatioiL—iiidii'jiU-il \ty ilmt secrvt hilUsT in which Archi> 
IjalH JiklinstoTi U couikHi-llcsl to »rguoix« a popiilfif lu- 
mult Hgniii^it a^rtfilii his^liopv^ iT tbcy tlaml to nhcu- tbrtn- 
wlvos iu public,— w«s i-airried tbrough in their no In* 
cotranlly pc^mwcntion of Mootrok-. Wbt'n h'li^ cou^t^ 
valivc bontJ wjif^ tlotirtcd, tli« public were laflftiard 
without being informed, «n<l Mooiro»ccanilcinnc<1 irtil 
oul lititjf^ trirnl. TliL- btiitil uax ImiiiL, aB aomtthii 
loo rrigbtful for the- public eye or c^r, aiul then it 
|vruiir>nri4vd, fVfii by ihi^corniniitin^rlrrg}', to he 
able, h is tu UiJB bybteni that MotiUrow bim«clf 
Indee So fbe comphiint: '* ibul he was trr^f§iyi h\\\ 
xr^miai rarmii upon thr bnwl ;" ami ulif-i>. (Jscwbei 
he declared that *' he waa a man ent^icd, nnd all 
taken lo cro^n liinL"" 

Hiit Lord Nt^^iit woidd leoil u» to Wlieve, thirl 
tio)e an'ived ^beci tho Ar|^le faction acted moreopei 
in ihtir pur»mt of Muitiro^f, who, it sec^ina, wan ni 
tlirown into eoiifineiiicnt In* tbe Parlinmeiit of 
land, for a compllcadoTi of proved ofTcnccs of the lii| 
p&l 6orl, and timt of Mich urFeTici'ft he was upei 
couvictcd. \Vhcrc. how, and wfien the proof of 
oirrniTfl Wflu IimI, and ili<* open rnnrietion obtained, tl 
hin);yuph^r of Hnlli|)dtii du^H nut c^pl^iu. If Ibcrv 
a tliar.ictcrijitic more marked than atiother. of the h 
tjon with whom Montrost* i^o nobly nnd m> s^\i\\y 
teoded, U i« this, that In all ibeir proceedinfa a| 
InriTulijiricH himI di'linfjiients a fair ai^d lefful mode 
inve>itigutJont a public fuid ci>tintittitionnl furni of Iriaf, 
consistent with the mica of law and the pHnctples of 
justici\ wim by f hcii^ c/iunil^t or tin Lord N(i|^nt wdii|^| 
aay, jH-udentlij i'nrh*'Wed. The greutrtt crirnv wltli 
which MontriNi^ ci'uld be chnrgrd uns hiR intention of 
bringiu^ tu Ibc h^bt of day the skulking cnM&on wbkjj_ 


a'rciiiDfitaiicei^ li^d jireHHeU u|Km his Httnitioii. Aiitl evt'w 

wh^ti ht! Iriccl to OKcrrtuin i\w tmlh of whnt fmd h^ 

nw&krnnl hiK AijB|>iri(iTts i' wn« tvilh t}ii»"cQVent" tn htfl 

infornivr, " ibat bu bbuuJiI raLlier Ki^ep liLrundf wiUiiu 

boniwl^ ihnn «ceed."* Thm it uasi most openly, be. 

fon; lii* King nrtil country in <lic niMcrnWcd I'jiriinmpnt, 

tb«t Montrose inlended tiifd to ** cleur himself At th? 

ParliAiiK'iit and A^riubly." zind ih^-n l*» iiupi-Mrl: t'V<-ii 

AffEyl^ ^vrJio imc] T'liatiil n^uitiht tiini iht? ncumlai of 

hnwing IrnmH a dnrnnnblo Imnd) of " hij^h In^nitim in 

Uh* lii^o«l nmntier" But, oe he iiicnutlGii^ly told b 

<iOrvi:i!^iitiug agit^itor, " be i^botild do U in Hiicb a way 

m% riMiIrl nm wroM^j thr jmldir, liorniisi* iu* wmilii mit 

inakv bis tbuJleii^- liJl Ibv pnbilic vr«-re erttkd, nnd Ui<-n 

be sbouM |)ii( it olT hfinet-lf, and )ny it on ibonp whobnd 

calumniiitrd biiu/' Jn ulJier wurd^ Ih.- would pruvi^ 

mthc^icc of dny« And by tlif moxt (^on^tilufioimL nasms* 

that br wne lui tj-nitnr to bin Kin^ mid coutilry, nx\d 

tbat Arf^'le ivas- Ia it for rovc'jiai>tinj* In^lunous to 

Npcak of thii4 99iiCDmpli(^utioii of jH-iiv4.'d uflVurrHof th« 

bigliM >>ort ? (^ontrnst, willi tbin bvud nnd fi'uiit of 

MoDtrx»«r'H olT'etiiiin^'. llie inethoii of " the PairioW,* 

under ihtir grcni Juwtii-iur Arj^yle, Aivbttmtd Jolin- 

atoQ,<— wlio cDufn'SM^ htinsrlf to be"aijtf oftbe|jrini<^tit 

wka^M's'* 111 Ih^ very prwes* ho i* se> violt-ntly in- 

ullgtting, — writing tti Kafrntrlno, ivho was lit be cine 

of tbtf pfimest JkJgcJi, nitd wlio was prrvjdent of all 

iHcir inqutaituriaJ commiUrrH, — nrgi-* such iiiKtwi-tiuuN 

ttfi tbnu* : '^ If liny uf U8 be aceuecd hrrcp tbicilc vrbat to 

d<i vsiiti tome ibciV, twiug we bvar it coirn-fi from Mnn- 

tHMc:" Th«ii, as for 'iVmpmtr, uud tin? rebt of the iik- 

ci'ndiurir;^ ** tbiiik on mallcr»" agaiust tbcm. — try If 

« HmfiDfl»nci«crlp«>(|Uot«tli[itlwlollaiiiitguhApfrr 

tii Jceeping ibv public 

^N- of tfa» pvai mttf of 

d oor hatocM ar^ Mill 

ihAC aroM^ ciui of Oir 

eHi^ae, «ho teitIuiI 

m fifiB^iKfa, when tliejr 

llepOUlkMK ft 

fn«m Aod mlifbtcnth* 

m ia I nf i i' Mia m of Uit 

phfl»t0«fl III tKcrH 

Jolin StewaH, en- 

«baH Anil} to unbrm tl^Jr 

■ mwAi r j of tb*- farav of 

ilwdmraunimRig tlw 

ittd bb frUw pri- 

«o fttsilf db|Hw«d iif. Thej 

C^Stlr. irith thff nwA |iiib- 

Bat all ihr erideime olHatncd 


in KpciTt <by ihc very pcrsntis who Imrt Wii or<tfri^d, 
bf Arrhibald Jolrn«toni tu " tliiiiL whiit tu dn wltlr 
lhein,")flTid t'i'ernfl*»rwaMskt'|it fnun jjLibJir iiivps(ign- 
liut). Tticii iLl* wry |>ul]jils rez^oaudecl wttlitiiii'ilfirrn uf 
ihrir " wicked ploLs dcsih-rnto, ilevJIJali, and nt'w." Bill 
ill Tjiiii Uk< iJlottiTH ilfiriniiflrH a [rnblic triiir, and the 
liberty of lli* aubjccl. They vitrt- to be kopt i^i prison 
uuttl ■■ UiLh ^*>/ of lljL' Kinjf 1'i.iiniTig himself to Scot- 
lamt,*' Jiud U^riiiitjutt'd in thnt ncru^nhle fi>r phice i^iitJ 
powvr. by which the Argylc faction becume omiiipo- 
tdUt UiL- Kin^ di-thronedi und the rurnoiir of a plot no 
liODgcT ticcc--«ibur>' for tht^ purjiosvb of faction* And during 
ihmt ntHct nnd solilnry iinprisoninenT of the purest pa* 
irivin llivir cuuulry tht^n poftseisc^l, plot upon plot was 
ihaduwed forth from the boiling cauldron of the Com- 
miiln* of K^tnU--*- The plot was no lon^i.^ to iinptroch 
ijdjjidton ftud Argylc htlbrc King and P&rlinnient, — 
it H'fvf now lo be " a woful misery, and bloody but- 
thcry"* — nif&unH and cul-lhroais were to carry off and 
DBAMAcrc- Hflmiltoii and Argyh^, — " thv Plot" pas^d 
iDto " tbi^ iucidcnt," Qiid for the picture of n (larlia- 
nicnury impeacUmeJ3t, by means of suborned wituee- 
■rs, the more horrid plianlaHUiu \h preHeiitiMl oK Mon- 
ITWC bunting hi»i priiwn dwi'si. uud leuding a huud of 
mldtiight murderers- Nor h this; a tigurntivc di.'3icnp* 
tiou of Lhc ruiuuur* Such wa» the eSLciteU stalemeot 
of it trnDxmiUed by Haitlic to hin reverend correnjHmd- 
cutuhroad. KijgL^nd,trK>, who in the inniurr nrt-^ of dc« 
iiiocracy* took^ill her k-sson^ frojn the*' beggarly Scot*"] 

■fidllie'. MKi|iiori-d by MrBfodks VotJIlp. UT. 

t WhHi> ihv itqDikltiiwi nDil bifltfliort In Scotland, uutluf t]i« dlfo^ 
tinm bf ArrhnjoM Jnhnibm. niirl tLd A»i*|Mca if Arip-lv liiiil llttmillxifit 
vr*f lnElBriilii)( tlio pitbJJi' mln-l with va^fiit Khil iiiy*(rrio[;» tutiinum of 



it ApfHTiUH, wbeu iu usuddy Wfttcn vubAjiliMl, titer b^iii 
left n fmil tLc-|HixiU', c^'rti atmwig tlir cxtll^-ctiomof tbc 
grt-at Clurvudoii, namely, tbat M<.iitn&i^, — tbe ini|Mi 
itk>i)eil M«otn>*L-,— ^itnpri'-oot'iJ iW tin." vrrr {i^irpiHr <)1 
prevcutiii^ bix ujipnvicb tv hb Sonmign. am) v^ht^, ta 
long OH Chnrlr« vns Id iScalLntidt waj not AiLtTrKO lo 
see his iiwii ivkliiiiis, without tlii^ kiiuwlL-iijCL- iiuiLci- 
pt:vMtt. tijkiictiuiJ irf his perb^culuo, — liad bnru. in jitrviu* 
Hi the car i>f the mont ri-liticd aii<] chiintinn montirrh in 
the i^ori<]> whi»jH:nn|; councils of oMaa^Hatitm, nin' 
*' frankly i>lVi:-riitg" lo di> tbe J««vl himself* 

TltUH itiree k^uwiIirp us it wrj^, uf thi« \-iriim*«- 
Ltuniiy lui» entered hi«C«r>'. I'bcrc is lirst i1k Pkt. b}- 
u^hich isf n:cnnt ii WTi^t combination of MooiroM wiih 
CJiarJc^H L utiJ Truquuir* lo nverluni thr riiv^o^irttivjf 
conntiliitkoiiKp jtnti li> convict Ifmniltou and Ar^vlt of 
high trfRAi>n, by nicuns of fftlao cviclcncr before the 
PaiJiaii^tnl of ScotUud. Next coiMtt tbe iDcideut, 
bt'iij^ iIr- phji»t4>rii of a deqx-r nud more rxtditivcly 
or^aiihEcd ^chctmcf. to ma^-fVcrK; tbo»c Iniiocontfi, '^ iu Ibo 
hour of iiiiflu^cting confidence i" anil, laaUy, there is 
whut wo niuet enll the Anecdote, (foriiowbcrr, in tbit 
fvrin,caii theconteinporarycAlumiiynotv be ininxl. ttn 

lt<H, il>p ^'kiiir^nki'Hl [XLTiy ii> Kn^iruid, iiiifli.'t ^hv loiJ^ivLip uf l*)i 

^tft up Ihu tuE> cumiurriHirt ui~ iliv ^potah llovvuJiiiL Tbu |iriod| 
drIA (if tl]./ i^-italion uboui tli^ Plot aaci ladik'Qt In -"VotlwiiU ivw 
cni-Jk MofiLro-ir,dikdt<»riiliitht KLiik by imiiJinLlUiiE hiin In Lhiwvnlli 
rU'ttjnIira) fiMt^mifla. ?^imEi!rjiiir<-iiiALy, ^\\'^ (Irmiirmf* in rngluid 
igtiiiiTiLiK (Wn- willi rJii- " Ar*i]y I'Inl,"' (Ju- )>iJfininy of Hhkckk *y 

|lIipi*C«» till! |h/ft|»li< Willi rlui tnHtivT <]f <l4ui|j^r]itv iliBiifim fd lliv ]*ii1 ui 
t'liu-i-U'W imuini't ^\"t LLI>tvTu« nf (he fountfy. Mr QFoHir. va hU KliUay 
of iliv Brilu^j Lniplrr* ^'itl, tti, twiU, w'\X\\ » coiiic<J"uil apiriC, la 
vLrtEiiIf hiifl ciUiLJunluiiB iTub. 

in its ujil4>r1uujitr mlupUon f>y C]»i^uilui>,) in wbidi 
&E4mtnwt<- if inncli' Ut nlYvr hi^ mrvJccN tu hinHuverei^^ii, 
as au »fi8a«eiii.* 

ft will br rt'Tneiril>er\<i]. that wljtrri Sir 'i^hnrnaH Hopo 
«> rxtiltin^ly rt'pi>rtii iv Ardiituild JoliiinUm tb<? fflCt of 
\V«JtfT Sirwnrl'* on|rtnrf, ;iiiil \ih lyxnmluatuni More 
BnlRKtriiai, lloiio and Bri^iir, im tlio ni^'ht of tlL« 4Uj, 
or ilie fiJoniiuj; of ihi; 5ih of Jum'. lit rofciti, for Uit 
|mr1icular» ot' lIjc i-vidtiict^ tu l)it^ j)«|H'1-* tlii'ti tniiiH- 
iiiitl«U Ut liiH lit^iiiucnil^t: n^nliUjtiiU Aiiiong the [uanu- 
•crip4« of tho Ailvofntr>i' Library vt' find Ihe sccrel 
rorrrbponiltftiL-e thvu yinfyaw^ helwixl tlit^ C'ununilUfe Eit 
fidiiilwr^li nrid tlit^ScotdjCoiiEmEMioncrf^forthc-Troaty 
At LonUiMi ill H]41 . Ill a Utirr (lalcil ^3d Jiiiio of iJiat 
yc«r, tlir (rumtiiilliv writt- : '* Wc linvi^ s-'iil your T,*iril- 
ibi|i« ail acooutit of whnt has pnfil iti th^^ uxAiuiiiatiuti of 
inch ns wc hnvr idi yet fnlltri upon, which we i-jitreal 
your Lordiihipft tiot (o (/ivu/*^e. excrpt Ui tliuRt- whij irijiit 
witii you. niid the PaHinmt'iit of Kngiawd in casrofnc- 
0CMtytB)^^'tf*h''^l^>*^^y<J"r LunUliiiut'adrctlujiatt? frietidb 
tO««rve you" This ty^tem of ^ecxa dtnlJti}<, lu welJ 
fOatainml by i\w faciion. while lu the tiitii^ JI confcr- 
red upon tlh< coven uutijig Judicntork-:^ 1h^' ch^iract^r 
niul Ujc- power of a dnrk inquisitoHal tribunal, baj^ mjA- 
led luodrni liisEcrriaiis, k'b*!i vtoleut and |ireL-jpltat« tban 
Mr Brodi?* into much vague and durkhi^gcrcdtt)ity,ind 
ia vuch iri-iriforrru'cl und extravii^fant ronctu«ious an, — 

* TliM vil-fuunUu4') HuU tmffVMrit-ii kumclHl. Ivt r/i mAinwortpl by 
Lord Clwnil<in, n^Jil whii h hn* U>ciJ |iii}<JJtht>d in iht diLrlini'iit both 
of that ^rofit hltioruin anil Moniroh^ vUi ba moru puriloiil&rly Auulncd 
*Atrwud& Matt fftccdily dt»y< Mr Brudiu adupl it, nui\ ifNuif i»v«r ii, 
in bit icietnnmHbU^ nvrmiiniLA ni MnnrriKi^^" hh fi4viiijf twitl'* '<^I '^ir 
MVHiliUiliikii rtf, i^'PD^^^ "^<' ^^^' llmii^llon^o* -v\\ tit d>L' iiuuMii-rv uC 
lit* OiviHiiiitcir*, fwluiF.llinn ■!! 'lUi nn huiiruf mihi»|Tt^titiK ■<}»&- 

vrxasE ^ja 3^ rnr^zf ixtlx^. 

isoa v^ ^m^ya: ibc TJwtrgflfl was cija* 
cr licHti^~^ Jkc v^ jOBii sovdnglu 

Hl v-tifa- TiiTTiT:7i^ - p>rp**^t ^^ OL ^itST nseanrfa, bare 
sn^Oiir .VT-QiBH. fl Mn iy^ i ig- "i^e t£31 prone Ihal 

^Ecsiiisr TOHK It oiiw. vu ife abmnl in- 
. Ti iag*- *Kfwr^ rni. t^oti. If^Htraw had 
-tKcmi!: 3 a. mbl sh: K' tir- n^^ '^ c^wfal ahnn,'' 
^™^ T = ^BL x- nsi^ ~ ^C3K^" tnK n» pvposrir 
-?4£C£ n-'^b- £ifiiu^s:xiEariifeaECd>nsBncn,vbo, 
"^1:1^ ^e^ -[■".jjMix IK IT™ XBC aE dni vw illus- 

iT*. .Bit ittrfc 

--.1. -*■ ~:'_-^ifr ^-jt aiu. Z.fVTi:-i Edjiar, Lieutc- 

■ r^..^ v::^-r«C^-n vTiit »» XS =i4cocuuofi at 
,* ^^^ «£: -i^: :: ■^■> rt-jTH L a^i"'*'^ uoi his eirsnd 
..J- '_ ,:^ V* im^itT'^n-Tirr T iaivr tiL> a pedtioo- 
>-__^ .-.^vi \ tj *-2- j.> iba-'jnrst a. Brocnomh with 
_T r. . jT'^fi v"j 1 =r!: nc^:^ utpwvr^ ihdt he spake 

^-■-:,._:^ .i -j^ ;:i,u^ isjtfoi; at'rs -i£ iXHin- A paper 
» J- 1..UIU lUi^ -^kv Tt^P! in exuniMiion, wiitl«D 

**js TiT jwiKS. waifcia iK wjs litesirai 10 expUin. Dc- 



durt^. Lbal by clit; D, in ihv second line, h iitidvrtiood 
the Duke tit' Ll-iiiiux.* BeiJ]^ iiekrtJ how he v^nni to 
write thin |Ht|>cr, tledores. he ^ot [it] at Loiiiluii, 
Being interrogated who gave liim the imrposeh eon- 
taliiHl Ihert-iii, nrmwejvil, Iio ttekoPed io havr time io 
rftolkct his mtitnonj. Being inquired aneat a K'tier 
directed to liim by Coiond Cochrane, who wiu the 
beurer ihert-of to him, onswrra. it was M^or Cun-* 
utn^Uain. Major to Dundas'a rcgiokent. Being likewfso 
intcTru^Ltt-d what was the purpose meant in the It-tier 
whieh wni> mj^icaJ, answered that it was Bumethiiig 
conerrning tite Fnlii'gnive, rmcl ihnt it wns thnt if thr 
£url of Muutrube should not be gotten written for t)y 
tiU Majtity to come up, (which is understood by the 
jewel],) that tlje Colonel himself may be written for, 
aiul did ex]x>ne the letter at the foot thereof under hjs 
band, Hein^ f^Kamioed upoit another |>uper,f written 
wilh hib own Inind, wherein thc-re arc the letters M, 
whereby he declarer is raeont the Earl of Montrose, by 
the Jelti-r L, :& nieaul the Kiuf^'s ftlajesly, by the letter 
1\ is nienril the EnrI of Traquair. nnd by the letter K, 

ny* wo* rnk<ija <iul iif Up'fklTLir i^ivwari'A |K>ckvt. 1 c)i> nui Gui| it mnuh^ 
tb(?iDa/]ii«crif>tR. }^|riJJiDff> buwt:viir, i4iy«,tLaium<ji>i; ^urvmil'^ oibor [41- 
y»en " thvr* vntjt n curimu ulniMuc pi«co writioD affcr iliu furu OUJaw- 
iaj|j * Tril f-,>f ih nhrl B Th< diHhunili^il, tlir iVrlinmi^ni mny \x ho!H«n^ 
■nd A unil h mty Iw cacofTby A, H^Cj nml l>f thpte nu*aiuitthur ihhU 
Xnn twi jvl knutVEi uLiiy tskv efvrt, ifcud t> mul T uuy ciffi-cioulc wlint 
Li dnirvii 1>y tLiv iu>l-tHn<v »( A,B, C, tU, -\l ivUi4 (■pi>n U k luukt 
fcr pvrfiprujHiii'^ uf 4ill |iruuil4«l <■> liim in l# bl« Tiunv, Su ull>Lfln u( 
llip t*i|it>r »h'jii1<l Iw i:|ju:kL^ii, <»r pfk-'forrtil, bi*l by A, U, (-', Lol L bu In* 
(vnniii hy M >Mif\ T, iIitiI tiuifTifk ciiRn^E ^'t rijElit lUL 1])hI Ji^qvnl U, 
Ikftt llp* IT> f*kbo«»in, bi?rut r>ff."" Th" flhvtoiiily ik tln' nn|«»r lo vhii^b 
tEr Tbuiiuu ]]i>pv n-fi/Tt in \ti\ Irtl^r tu An.fiibikld Ji»}ji]>luit, aIivjv ha 
t«y«, * I iloi>l>i ihr iiil«<r]^ri-tHli¥in »r A, B, r,hy whkh hi' -iiyhHrF ini«iil 
cA« Btt»dtttt kiiit of Ihi- v*{>0' In iht KiitjfS Inriwtm^ hy which W iiMHm 

f 'Rib mppvari in l]ll^v Ituvji pan vl (Iju iibirturv pniwr f^nmpil \a the 
^rwuiiu EMIE, ProbabJ)' ii wiu rminik in wiunlc Knpji, 



"Thtfy p<»Hwl at tliat time, and m^ttljereaficr, nr wJiidi 
moisting thv Knrl of Moiitrtiiw gnvv ttjc depoiter some 
dirtttiom to rlrttw up in/itruciionM, which the tlcponer 
dj<] H'riu- with hiH uwii hHriil.utjd f/rr/ ir/ivu- th^^Uk tu tliL' 
Eur] ctl Mi>iitro£e,LoulNapier,LuinUo1' KciratidDZack- 
hft}|,jr/ /^'fV M^x/ mtrtzHg. Any tiling which u'as amiss 
wa8 li«]|>i!^ by llii'm at tike LunI N^E|iicr'i4 Ijoumt. The 
britniLC? wlti-'reof, — that if the Ki ii^ would bt^fiK^aaed to 
t'Urc'thcMnlutliHr lU'lij^iovjijiul |jila-rti4<s,j^mit tlii^maii 
actof oblii'lon for all bygxJiit^s. and dij every tliiug whicb 
ii» ij;b I secure Hid iglon and Libertic&of iheemirnry, thpy 
would ^irid I'ur tht.- Kiiij^: apiiuNt u\\ i\wx\ who will o^i* 
po^e liinit provided ihut lie ei>ine down to the IWlia* 
fia*iit hitn^^rtr, niid hi^ip tip tht* ofHuea i>r Mtnte umlls- 
pu^ed of. till bis Majt^aty saw whu cibould deserve them 

" WlnTruiwn the dejKJricr went to rnnrt' IJevlnn-ft 
Lliut he carried no letters from ihtr Earl of Monlroe^^. 
tidther did he itidMcribr^ tht* inst rut; t ions ii-ai ibi-y^hmdd 
be intercepted. The dqjoncr htid directloiM to the 
Eiirl of Traquair to the saiiii' purpose, and to imivn't 
thene mntructioii^ to him. T\\v deporicx made \m ud' 
drcKft Aii4 to the Earl of Tr^rtuair, and told hhii hU 
InBirnctidnw, who nn>.werrd. timl, for wiml ciineiTrn-'d 
the Kiuj;. he thought these might be easily gi'ntitod. ii# 
well Aneiit the granting the B^^euHnf; of Religion and 
LibertivH. aH of iiiisdi^wn coi niui;, ftud kvi-piuji up of the 
Office* of State. Tfiv di"pt>MtT wan dcadred to siR-iik 

■ Thl4liHlrLiiu>«v— ^ib tlfii(>]LC<i|ilia(iof llii; wiinl"prtivid4H].'* which 

dftbvliigii |ir^ML^|i^l nT^iV'l *4 MohiroHiixl hla^tnili^ but Fliit wwild 

DM hkTC itiVinljtl i-L)i< cnliiui n| n ivtA^ ntpiiiinT vli»m ; 4ii'l iljcrduH 

rtfncm niurt iiiftWriimk hikI *da«li ilniUny mfA TVu^itciif, tf^mluf 



ItBMni ibc I^ifd of Keir. Tbe LletU^ufltiUCvkuicJ 
bnag prvBvnl Uj IcIJ the tnifb uf all tlie piiKHig«i& liarr 
poa betwixt faim and ^tty others tti hU tirgotintioD ai 
Conn, NVircHtlt, umI in Kninuiid, iterlsn.^ Ib«l aincet 
W b pa/ toit hf tkr ptUfUc, iic wiU JiiirviituKvly 
tai nil, that thcnrbr br m^y give «atiicfBetum to I 
poUic, rk«r ht«ovii con^^k-ncv, sitiJ Imtiibly rravepar 
da« for wbal li« has doiw thcrrin Amis^, Eievrng bv 
Dodkni^ in tbal, or in onycillier, uut ot nuy i 
to wrong the ptiUic 

* After Ymk !»*/ Sir ArvhibaM Btfvmn of BtuchhoJl, 
tfariof in Ediiibiir^ti with the Ur[niH.'r,uut thiy btrjng 
tared in CMifcrci^or togctLrr.) told the dcptnirr ihjit 
Eflriof Montrose would 8prak with him. Thedepo 
wvnl to bb Lcird*hip*and Ibtindhimui h» own tfbsM". 
btr, in thr Canoi^te, whert, tbi-)' i^nCcnng In 4^ 
mnrse, tb<f Karl told the deponrr that he, ^Mng nmne 
who boil their uurniiMlatotbe public bun nmn, tberrror^ 
tboi^ it fitting (hat himicelF, tnil »ucb as hod fl 
tion to the Kiair. tJioiikl run ui>e isjunfe. tiu aooti n 
King granted RrUgion ^ad hiberiitr^ of the counify, 
ogninwi thtHT wIm> would nppnsr hits Miijf^jr, that bcin 
granted. MontroM asked the depouer If hv n oubl fco 
Court tn aoquaiut the Duke or LenDux of the >nid EmtV§ 
alTrciint), and afTn-lii^UK tif oiJirnt tti brs fni'ml, nnd 
mx it the Duke would joia witlt him, uliit^ Uje 
ItoiMTwitiin^ly nj(id«.tMvuded untci,li«*(Uoplri>Mf) gii't 
hint full ii>i4U]Mnce th.-it tTierv wns nothing intrDtl 
agnhj^l the puhliL\ but only for the prrtcivatl^u v( i 
Helijcibii nnd Libi-nit«of Uiveouittry, wbifi^uf Mont rove 
gnre him full ^itaruranee- The Eurl did not iiatne on 
to be tif his ntindt but thf deponer coneelved he inran 
tboivvrbD hiid Mih^eribcd tbcbond. 

- .; f, AlBv tlirUi^ i«ta 

SKHHi'/r itlM'OHY or TitK i'L*r\\ i4:f 

"Thr-ypiirt4Yl nt tlint timr, niid mt^tthorenflfrffitwFiicfi 
met^liiki; Uie Earl orihloutrose ^nve iLt; ilepoucr »omt^ 
ifirrtiioMJi to tlrtiw up iiffrncrionn, wliich the ilcpnncr 
(IhI wriCt- will] his uwri ItFiiiU, iiiii] j/r(/ Mr'^r Ibi'm Ui Iht.^ 
£arl i>f Montrose* LordNapicr.Laii'dsvr Kvuatid Uiack^ 
hmW.tiUheir nea:t mt^titf^. Any thing whirh nus amiss 
waii ltcl|)cil li}' tlieiri ;Lt \i\v LortJ Na|>ier's house. The 
«ib»CAncc whrrrot'.— thnt U'llie Kin^wouldhi'pleaBed to 
wruretJiemiti'their KeligiouiriKl LilnTtit^.gmnl thciniuj 
actof obliviou for all byjfoiK'*, and Jo everything whidi 
iiij|{bl Mcnin- KHJ^ioii :miJ hil^ierttesuf'therauniry, ihoy 
would flUnd for the Kin^ apaJust all iijl'U wIju will up- 
poM him, provided ihat he coint down to the- Parlia- 
jutrtil hiuiBeiri uiid hcM-p up tht? oiKovs of 9tntc; undiH^ 
poitrd of. till hiji Maj«»ty nan- who should dcKfrvc thcni 
liwt, * 

" Whi-rvupoa the dvpoutr went In touit- liedaiva, 
tliat Ik* currifHl no U-ttt^nt from the Karl of Montroatc.\ 
nHthrrdid hr mi litter IK' thi^ itihtnictioiia loit (ht'y f^hoiild 
be interc^pC4^1. Thu di-poii<-r had diKdJoiis lo th<; 
K^rl ol' IVucjUJiir to flii' HurtK* puriju^i', mid lo itii|jart 
tbuie iiiHtriK'tioiB to him> The dcpumr iimdr hih oil- 
drc»i fimt to the Knrl oX 'I'racpmir, and told Film hi« 
jiiBtntctiouH, who aubwcrx-d, that, lor what couooriied 
the Kinjfi bo thought (lit'so niif^ht be t'^sily |{r/itited, aa 
vtvW noutU ihe |[rai)lin|C the tiL-curiiig of Kvli|^iua aud 
liibvrticfl, av of hie down coming, anil keeping up oflh<f 
Olfiera of Hmtr* 'I'hr drjnaitrr tt-n« dcsir<-d U\ hpcnk 

oHjfhE tff lafltr bv^^ii** wail itji' uUvIlv/' — tatipcifiX'ttjrnfiL'uratc lUilciDCiu 
nffbfhitth pilACi^ilwl o)i|w1 of MfthtrOb* juid Ilia frlvudh, bullhbh uvulcl 
■Hri luH ftifonlnl l^p mLcHir of n nv ngnbui ihiw : nw\ ibvrvlW 

lit pmbtti. 




wilh the Duke nf Lennox, niifl Karl of TrnquaVrt to dt" 
■lr« tbi-ii' couciirix'noe ("^ith tlie Earl of Munlrurr. ami 
the utbtrs ijf his itiindT iiiul to join with ihi^m in fricnil- 
Kbip, iiTiJ to nm one wriy uilh ihcni. The ]>iike of 
Lcnnux'u noswrr wnu, ihnt he could ilo noUiiog till ht 
npoke wJl!r Ihe Kinj>, htm) fw never gave any cleterni!- 
nnto Answer to tW df-pynt-r, but diJ urilc it IctUrui 
Ihe E«rl of MoritrOHe* wliicJi thr di-pc>nrr brought homc^; 
but kn<jwit iMithiii^ (if thr ti'iior, c^iwpl only ihci^e wj 
«omoc)iin^ in It conceived In favour of tli^ Garl of Tni< 
quuin 'J'h(? KitrJ nf Trnqunir gfiv<- Ihr vnmc! nnsuvr 
nneiit hj« joining wilh the L^tirlof Montroec. Det^ljinw. 
ihni the Knrl o\ Tr^qiiQlr, having spokc-nwitJi ihv King 
uneiit hin iJiHtrucliuns rt-luUn] lu Inirf Ihut }iir< Mnjt^ty 
wa« contciH that Kcliglon vhould l>e Mcured, U>c scl of) 
nhlivion ho imtwcil, th.' Offioi's of Sinii' f>c tinflisposed of, 
and Ills IMujealy wouJd evinc home in jnfraoii. Tbo' 
de-pfmer drdon-d that (he Karl of Montrxi^c roccm-| 
mended to liiin to propose to the Karl of TroquAlrpthAt 
fhoff iv/to had nHbjtcrihcfi (he hondt whom tbu depon?r 
nuii]t<i» A, H, (.", iiii^ht bt' i-iM|>loyf il.iiitd prL'ferr«l tovn-i 
canl pinner im tl^cy ^^Ijould tw fctitiid t> dt^iErrvt'- Ac» 
cordingly, ihe drpoof r did propose the *nm^ to tbo Earl 
ijf Trnrpudr, wlii* h^^d bin IVb^jenty'it proiiiiKe that ihey 
■Inndil 1^ preferred, to bja thought n» tbcy ^hoiiild dr- 
Kervis* lb-rlnn-31, llnit he iisked Ihe Knrl nf Tr^giiniri 
whether or not he might «penk with the Lord Datiui^] 
Hno in Truqiialr'n' pnr[fL\iIar, who auiiwei-ed. ibat be) 
mi^ht di\ M9i be fuuijd tht- Lord DuluJt-riiiu fdlW-teil in* 
waJ'd)^ hiiik Atvordiiigly, the drponcr did dtk lli« 
Lord Halmeriuo whetZuTr or not hi!^ Lordship would 
protect the Earl of Tr»qoair, and bh Lordstbip on-, 

* T^^ivo on Wv \m diMiUt that thi* wiu ■ CnW ktnteunvitf, ih hiB Ifl^ 
jL-if ufcvi^x^'il^- 1^ii' il^in'iti't liUijuill HlriTu-t i^ic rri"t« <ti'it in uDotb** 

iwvrvd, thmn weiv not wordH hccoming a Aiibjcrt. 
The di'pouor'jjcxt a^kinl Jf ttit.* Lunl Batineriuo wuiJd 
w* liiiii ifL't th> wnni^. Wjiereuiito tht L(»rd Butme* 
riiio aijswrrcd. itiut he wisht^il any wnin^ thnt i«li»uld 
Ijf^ht upon tlir Knrl of Trnqu^iir bv }ii« iUvd migtit 
)ip)il Ujjoii bijMSoir,* niid lfm( in lite Hurl of Trnquair's 
own particuJar be wm lo do liiii^aiiy ncrvjte hv cuuldp 
liut whmt hv WHS |» N' rfiullcTBgril liy tlie K^InU' llint 
<]iftbn-|]ri.-d tin- CR^t-, jiriij dchirrtl the IjicuU-nariM'yloiicI 
to m»eiDber these same WLirds« niid he did import ihr 
Miiiie 1« Uii^ Earl of 'I'ruqiiuJt'. who gave no lurtbtT iJi- 
rrction to Btiftw-er nt nil Di-vlarea likewise. tlia( (liiMie* 
poDor hcftriiig ibr Lord Arjgiinwns not well atU.Tted to 
Uae Karl of Tratjuuir. desired ArcldhJiUI SiL-nurl lo try 
my Lord** minU in it. Declnres nlso, that the Enrl of 
Trnqimir driiired to know how ihe unvii of <iljisg«w 
wms flflVi'led luwal'^il^ hiiii in his (Hiilii-iilur. ivheu it 
ftlimild occur in n publie M'ny. Att idm the Earl of 
Trnqimir df«jri-d lo kiioiA' how thr Earl MariKhnlt wjih 
aflVitf^ lownrda him. The like uueiil ArdiEicapell 
The EnrloflVaquHir discoursed with thedeiioiUTiJiRiit 
Ukr(w-oc4>JiilJiii«ion^for denioiUhiKg the KId^'h hoiiw^'s 
whi^reupoii he stt down jii his jnenioraadum to gel thv 
doahle irf Ibem, hitt never did iu Thy Enri of Tra* 
qUAir n»kc<] the depi>ner wju-lher or tiot tliereuaiia 
cotniniBflJoii for coiTininiuJIjtg r|] iitrn br-yond the wnirr 
of Forth, ^i ho aituwered he kuew itol, but set it down 
in hi» niemorntiduut to Keek >l out. biii nev^r sought 
tlw SBnie. 

The Earl MoiUrose jfuve directions to the deponer to 


Ab W»JC«r Ktsuvl wu muluDit ^ dufum^a In prvarnCB of 
blwslC li l« Id be ■appcsHi dul fli« l'»llvi luil r(<«Ily u«vi| 
ikcat expiWJuriJk llu7 BTti curluuB w\\L-n tEXitriitU^d with AidiibnJJ 
Ji>1uutca''< TloWaB «nd tirtilvni fnCiii)fv agpatft Tm(|iiair vnprvawJ Ut 



uojfiRose A>rD tur covi^KAyrcKS. 

lei It be kuuwii that it watt iiot HiXlug tkt^t hh Mi 
slnjiilil ruriK' U} Stivllnnil hrf^rc the diRhuTKliRg of tue 
»nTiy, and tho*ir worch wcro bin own luoiionn, ami 
of iiun^ tftiicrn. The *lei\<mcT yrmn tu hHl'W ifi the Ktcj^^ 
vi IVaiquair. or juty uthen. the Earl M(iiitTOM« ^*^V 
iK-roNJty in trul di-siriitg nny thin^ to be confvrrv^ 
ii|Km hint, hiu n^ bM Mftjivty '^hzill hnd him clf-h-nY. 
Aft^r coTuing honi court m MarcJi Uvt he gave 
urcfwiit of n^utiutioris to tiic KnrJ of .^lc>iitroitc, v\ 
he fuuzid ut Ifroxnionlb, and driirereil him die fu 
»dld ktler iVoiii ibo DuktT of Lniiiusc. oiul rvUtcil 
him tho u-ltnir iinH-cTdin^, ns ia U-t'orr Tclstv^l, 
IcH nt Nrwcfltlle with the L^ird of KvJr a Ic-Uc-r U 
ib^ Duke of Lennox to ibe Earl of >VonircK, dti 
(Irlivt-rttI to the Laini of Kcir i% iJimhti* «f Ibr pdji 
brought along with biin, <^nt«tin)ng the- propuHitnii 
drawn nff their inatnietianf^, togi-tbcr with \m MuJAttyl 
uiih^rurv ihcrtto, whicb th«r Laiit) of Kcir co]>i<-d am 

" Tbr de|)t>ni'r, «ii his firrnt bein|7 nl eoiirf, told ll 
Earl of 'IVjjc^nuir of th« iliticuuraeh ulWf;p<I ty Mr Join 
Stci^'crt uihnvc bct-uxpokcu bj-tiirEnrlof Ai^j^lc atiei 
ihedqKwiligof the King, iiiirl xhc Knri vi TracjUAir i* 
the d^iioiicr It wah dan^CTtni^ to hnve hcunl tuth thi^ij 
tiidef» lliry h/id 'i ^oud w:irr;jnt. jiuik »sk(.-d how Sli 
TboiDOA and Mr John covtUI be recanciJcd aneut Ui 
hallzerfe of Dnnkrid. Deebin*, ihnT the Korl of Tj 
rjimir Hiiid tliut thtre ua* m> nay to kvtp the d<-]Mici 
from ekailb. iiu[f>is he euuld |^et the dWour^c from M 
■It^hn 8tewnrt, in writing. 'J'hnl the dc|mner did uri 
for Sir Thi>muB and Mr John Stewart Id juiet biin a 
Stirling^ to ConftT with them 'm [heir own hoHine^f, audi 
in tlie «tliiT pnrlieiiiiir nJtietu-ning the KnrI of Arpyl 
fSjr'i'lioiiiUHuidy c-miie. aiidMr John did notcouwta 
apecl of bi» wife'Nlniri»l» bnT |>romiHed to eorne to Kdi 

li!«nmrN* brtwixt 

vrm ftpcnt tlic bulx«rir. The drpoocr twxtMkfd 

Sir TlMMnflfi If h« n*im mTKml m dtBoonise be hud lotd 

J him bvfurv cvDCcrnmg Ar^yU-. lie saftd be ttid. aitd 

whfit be could rnnofnber hr u-ouki pul in writing, 

whR'b was tbis^ that lie hul heard a dincQiinw, »l Uie 

furxl of Lyon, that U itas rr^olvcd, by dirines ai>^ Uw- 

yrrs, that tberv urerif ihn-c^ rvfttoii^ why e Kiii^ itiijj^t 

be <I«pwcil, nnjndy, iittoMf, JrKrtio, n^iN/i/ra : but tbsl 

' Um Eeri of Argyle did nnn nppty it, or «|N*nlc onf 

Ihiiiftof iMr King^ Nrithtr diil Sir TWi*aH at that 

time put it in writiitfr, but did it tl}rrcAfter in Edin- 

1 bargti, and gHTic it in <hp dquknpr, which \k the wimo 

wuw fmLiid iu tbe de|HJUvr'a i-offerfi. Thereafter Mt 

John Sti;wart coining 1i> Editihurgb, the dcpoucr and 

be Arfil rnlrrxwi upon t}jc bntl/irir. IL- di<?iiral him 

, to bmve it oft, in renpect Sir Tboioas had a mind to iU 

I and rutild luit be divcrUMf, but that the dt^poner, if he 

emild. wmiid prot^rc afartnr^- fif Ihc rcnl«; and tlirrr- 

\ alter did aslt him if he did not rcmrmbcr of his words 

\ tebid] hv bad Ihrii-e or four Irmt-* upokeii lo the d^ 

f poller iKfiirr, wliidt he Mtid hi* did^ nnd would put 

ibetu in writing, whieh he did, and closed it up with 

a letter dinited to cJa* Karl of Truquuir, whkh. when 

be [the Ear) of TraquairJ rcccivcil, he did thiiik it Dot 

I wnrth cwo simwi*.* 

Aftt^r lb<^ ilvpuner had received tht- |ui|>en<, 1ir enmc to 
i Newcastle on Ins journey towards London, where he 
L inei with thr Karl cif MotitroM*, wh<?n he, (the Earl> 
I deLjvvred bini a letter to ihv Duki- of Lenimx, nnd n 
\ ncoimmendMTon to the Earl of Traqnnir to m;^ that 
I ibiiHT thingH wore not ultcrrd wliirh were funnrrly de« 
leTaiiaed, but that they should hold, which tbe depgner 

h« iiaI trxi^i tii all ihiwi IranMictiucit wiU I* IouthI tn Ltftti Tn< 

dlij ai'CuMiu^ly. Tli* dcpoiK-r Jeclan-s Ihnt he receiv- 
ed from tSo Har) of Moiilrotw four hiiiictrc-d incrk^ in 
whiU< nuHKy, but iJul never ixH-t-ive uny iiiuri- fixim 
bitDr or any olticm in Scatlnii<l ; liui did ri.-ci'ivc from 
tlie Eurl ufTrnqiiair, at hit* la»l ci^rning fnnn town* 
Turty odd picH^ov.* Thni this loimey ^ireo by tlirfl 
Karl of McmtriHL' was ik-livrivit at th^ first liini" be 
wcjil iJ|J> Tlio i]i;piiiirr dcclniTs; Eliiit the Kafi ttf" TVo- 
9'ricn> delivered to ihc depoiier the letter from the King 
to the Ear) of Moittrose. wliicli Uie deponer pul iniu 
bi« siidcli:^. find that \\t put it there because be thought 
it fihouhl not be se<-n, luir huii tio will if. flboidd ))■<■ <li>- 
cuveredv and tliut tbi? Karl Traquair ^jd lbt^r« wtn 
many more letten) wrltteo to oiber« in the Kiiig'ti sf- 


Tiler* is erery reason l« bdi«ve> a& we ebaU »hew 
in tht- Heqnd, ihnt oil the' pufnts in this evidence ivhirh 
could afltii'ti u eoloiirable pretext for sending 3IoRtn>*v 
to prison were false. That the wbolv was a jumbk 
of truth and fiili^L-boud, Walter Stewart biiu^elf vtr^| 
tu;al)yadjnita in various gub^^queutdecL-ir.-itiiniJs through 
whoHe inixlibeations and ndditions this rldieiilous evi- 
di-iice in moulded, by tlti^ t^me iTicjuisiturs, BidineriiiOt 
]fo|ki , ,iti<l EUgHi', hito a jdjnj>e more suited to llic pur> 

* Mt« f M« erpltjncd In Trar[tiait'« luaoutcrSpl. 

I^<i^v»f>J Ivl^nr" The uriK^nal di-i^lfLnkriond and daf>a4ttM»*f ' 
SUrWDTtarcaiiion^thLinuiufri^rlpta prw^v^^d iii Ibc AilviwBCn' libntfy. 
Hut rviin thitiTi]i«1iiiitr1<riJ*i^fnj^r4>r,Wciilri>w, liiulnntmw]i-hiin4effiiiiL» 

l>Li|H>n< by wludilIb|>pvAr«(Lui.Jiif ImbvccjwiujuUj-RiJvnHHl" litmU-CaL 
W'latwr ^iEvwHTl," thiiM,— *• K\\it SttvnMt crl' I'oluuul Wkllvr bl«ilVt." lud 
liiH ladvKvJ lUn Hpi'iiiilliiiDt a> if ll. luiil buvii Wnlttfr StuiWt*i «rvint 
wliu witH luikiiLLitvit, Jiud (lUt WiiJLur UituttOC IW Wodrotp brtvi ■! ih* 
irniibli^ lit <lirt'yp]ii>r tii-n Uni<4 of Tlicv ininvat« nuuiiiiBr'ipt^ b« mi 
Jiqye dlAcovpTPil fils Lrmu^ 

IT HTA'tOTfV Uf mtl N.OT, 

p06ca iif lbi< Ar^yJr (ut^tinir U wa^ ^igrrr-nblr to their 
d«dn« that Moittro8« bhould M-em lu Lr dHvctnl hi » 
plot %rith Tracjuair, for tlit»e wvn the two ooUe- 
inrii w'hu hiuJ iii<-iimH] tbcir tnn^t diiirfiy halml. 
The mplcriou* term«. loo, jd wbjch l1:e forre«7>oit- 
dnuw nppeanMli verv in vol un bit-, i/ri eaptamlum rnlgftn^ 
Id 4 profttcutitiri tlic olijirt^t of \«'hicli wnti t^i iic nttAiiifxl 
in definim of every riiligbUned priiK-iplu of tnitb, jus* 
tier, nnil comiDaii si^islv Rut it uas imt vo coDVi^iii{.<jil 
to have It v^Ubliichcd, thnt \hv iHivtv A, H. C\ !ttcK>d 
fiir tJHMu- who li^i KuWribccI the hone?, or timt xht^^c 
wrrc the parlkfi who w^re involvtnl xn tlie ttfrrible plot 
for Mop pwfCTreil lo rat^njai p1ac(«. To »chO *o 
uuiuy nublcinrn to priKon upon ftiicb n rhnrgr, WFtA n 
Atcp for whkh the fnctjon w«8 iml prepare^]. 'Jlir 
chargfi howei'<rr, was reodt^rc^ more manageable after* 
vrard§ hy JpchiriitiotiN u-)iirh n|i|}rout'b<'<l tii-urer to 
the simple cnitli. thmigh they Ktill Joft thi^ evidence of 
Wnltrt* HCeMTftrt niitivt^mJaUy false. On the 9th VjI 
Jui>e he vas a|(aiu exu[iuiieil by the ftaiiie inemben) of 
tbt' Corninittrt?, when he oddcti to, and modified hi« 

** LleutL-nant-Coluud Wnlttrr Stewart <leelarea, ihat 
after Yule tClirinlixiOK) ki>t, h&vui^ urcasion to vihit 
8«r Areliitifild Strxvnrt of Blneklmll in Iim ebninbcr in 
Kdinbciri^h, where, ihey etiteriii|;f in a diacoureek ac- 
cording lo the ilepouer'a memory, anent hia g<jin^ 
lo Court, Hluekhull ilenireU \xm\ to apmik with Uil> 
Ear] of Mo^LtTo^e, whiiU the de|»mer yidded to, utid 
wenl the noil ni|;ht in f<iipp<^r iil tbf KiiH <}f MimtroM^ 
lulKioj^r wherv were prvM-nt tlir i^ajd Karl, the Lord 
Napier, the Lair^l of Kiir, Hlncbhall* the deponer, 
and Lirutenan I- Colonel Sibbald. After aupp«r the 

vol.- I. F f 



LonJ Nupit-r, tli4f »aid Karl, haml of K«rir, Blntkl)^ 
ai]<l the tlcfKiDer. retired into tbc EaH^s bedchamber, 
wh^TP they fiv(T critvrviJ hi a ili»rour»e;" — Stcwvrt 
re|>eats thedificoursc nJlcj^cd iii hb former deponij 
tiARiety, thai if tbe Kitij^ woiiTil settle thr iU'li^fton 
Litwrties of Strcrtlaixi, it wtm rij^bt that all ub» Jim) 311 
iifH'Clifin for hU Mnje^lf «ho;iIii iiupfpi>rt liifn ng«inttlm 
eneroio*. He then [jrott»iiK — '* This wn4 llit- huli^tftMC^ 
of tlir ilittcuurtte tlje fint ut^ht. except tbat Ibe Xhkt 
of hrnnox nvid thr^ Knrl of 'rrnfitinir^ amjI thHr frimrK 
&1ii>iil(l join in frieodsMp and uuity witti tliv KiidtEftrl 
of MoiurojM?, Lord Napier. Laird* of Keir sod Bbdc- 
hnll, lu imjititithi IhntiKclvrH n^invt iiU Uitiew wbu 
trouM oppose llle Kin^ nnd ttivm in llint bu«Ja«w | 
Denlcii thni ever he remeirrbers tbcrc was any boad 
;n(]tii>iieil lu be FiulJhi'rilnfd. 

" At thr next itireliitg, lehieh M'u within a ingKE 
ti:iereafter in llie Lord iVepirK^ houses wherv ih^ 
•tide fiv« pcrAons, via. the Eiir) of Munirwe, L^rnl 
Nnpder, Keir, HWI<bull. nnd the depoutT were pr*s 
hentt thtri- wn« n noti* drokin up to ihi* wiiiie pLtrpwr< 
epokco of by them n\{ hk of n«i< mind to Ibe sante 
eflTert, bnt fur the inofit |nirl ttir/trfc// % /A^ Mori ^ 
Motitrtae, :iiid tvritten by tht ihjMHter,^ Ibe i^iibstUKT 
ivhereof wn«« tluit IiJ^ Alaji'vty vhotdd vnTnt^ doWB I« 
tbe Parliament, secure ilvb^^ioii auil Libertietii sud 
keep up l!ie Oflftees of Slate irndtapoAed of. Doe 
not ri-mnnlier wlieiv the p^i|>rr whieJi u-«m written 
]«, biU that he think* it iJt lout or riii-nt, aad that ht 
did not put It in hiu trunk to hire mciniu*>\ IX-clat<^| 
tliat by ttie Ittu-rs A. D, C\ h meant ike thrt^ he/bre^ 
mf^ntwned, \\z. llie Kurl of MuiiTnwei Lord Napier 
and Lnii^l of Keir, «tnd their fricjuls, and thui therv w«(r 

* Compr* with (Icdanllun^ |l 441. 


nothing spoken of Ihoee who liad subscribed the bond, 
but tbat the deponer understood thent to be included 
under the name of these three, niid their friends- Ue- 
clfires, that the deponer means by his paper anent the 
mauaging of affairs by A, B, C, that ih^ foremid three, 
and their friends, should have the rule, but does not 
remember that any of them desired the deponer to 
propose BO much. 

Being interrogated what the deponer meant by the 
word serpent in hie paper, declares, it is the Marquis 
of Hamilton, * and that the meaning of these words 
came from the foresaid four persons, who thought 
that Uie Marquis of Hamilton and Earl of Argyle 
might have strange inteationH. Declares, that tlie in- 
structions, dictated by the Earl of Montrose tn presence 
^ the Lord Napier, Lairds of Keir aod Blnckhall, he- 
fore-mentioned, were written in a covert way of letters 
for names, and not in cyphers, and that the paper was 
a tittle piece narrow paper. Declares, that the Eari of 
Traquair carried the heads of his instructions to the 
King, and got particular answers to them,'!' I'he prin- 
cipal papers being shewn to the deponer, he acknow* 
ledges them to be the self^same papers mention^] by 
him, and that they were all written with his own hand, 
and in testification thereof, he has declared the same 
upon the back of the said papers, the one whereof is 
his first instructions given him by the Earl of Mon- 
trose, Lord Napier, Keir, and Blackball, and the other 
paper is the |>aper given by him to the Earl of Tra- 
quair, and his Majesty's answer rcporteil by the Earl 
of Traquair to the deponer. And that the meaning 
of the instructions may be known, tlie deponer has ex- 

■ ^ Thomas I1o[>c, in his laltcr to A. Jnhnalone* mentions ihat W, 
4«fvwBrt at fint suiiL it wiu l^ud who vb3 so (igur^, 
f CoDtTblicted, bolli Yty the Kin|( niid Tratjuair. 



t}ic«u infirtii>)rrij>t« ; snit an tlwy were niAcU- the graiiikd» 
of iho tyrannkn) and lawless criiniDnl prooAtt ^aioM 
Mcnlruw niirl his fnenth. vrliirh iit io^at arnvrirrrd thr 
|)iir|)o)tr of HcimnilJii^ tlu^^r raiihtrvaitirv tt(JvJM*rf froan 
thr King during his i>ro«rncr In Hcotland, wv now by 
Ibe |>fviMiJUFi d«aif tierilEU befi>re ihv readw. Tbe fuUov- 
inj^> oHvJoiiKly, in \hv papvr cif iiistmctitma, containiaj* 
Irtirrv for nnmcs, whicli Hicwnrt atli'^rn} (fnU»\y m we 
shalJ 6iiJ) wOH writleri tii Morili\>H''a dicUlliuu» in jm> 
si-nce of Na^Ftcr, Kvir, nriJ Blackhftll- 

" flow iicn-mnry it h* Ihiit K cniDL* down to the P4 
lUnajit. To desire thai the 11 be kepi u^ till it 
wen wfio (lefiterveH thrin bi-st. Ttml H be not hc4tcrW' 
ed by tlir Ailvicc of the E/cp/raat, for fi-nr Ite CTii«h tli« 
h. To ;t%iiiv Lr that, R and L beiQ^; fi^uted, be 
be pu^i-rf'td tu cninh the Eitujtkanf. Nut tu let L drii 
iratcr except he promise not Ui cost tt n^in. To w- 
aure'D, Jiiid 'l\ thnt i xcrpt they tnke Grn^ro by tbv 
hand, they will be trod ujioij and inadL' naked, I'o 
assure L, D, T, that G iviU take him by iJk hand, adJ^ 
lead him through nJl diHiniltics K nnd K^jtnlod/' 

• ClrlifiEiiU MS, i iiiKnrtil, " W. &fB«»ri. — UHlnjurinft, **if Thocniull 
Prlwnnl r^Hgur;" nnrl rlMnl nr nitmbiir|rh, 1>Th .lunt* [r»4l 

f 'I'Irkt i* fruui kLvufi.*iii|iunr^ iuMau»cii|>l, iiu( in ^tt^warr* uvU 
writiii^t but ni[jUiiiJiuir all Ikix ikjIu* HnJ pu^H'f* ciii^utl uut n|wa 
luii^ «hi:ot of piipLT, wkh mur^lnal iiol«4 trpliiinui^c (b? loniH t 
■CUD b mru plml|lbtu^un1lElv1l. " C4Ttta1iio lEUtrmUbnt ifivvn b)^ Ao' 
Monlraw^ T.. r'uppii^r, Ijuihl rtf KwtmieI Bliickbiill- Wldiacmp 
nf lhi> <ikniTniU-c for ililv nett rrfiiiDPi, that x\\vy had n thrt^oU 
Lffniliin» priritnl in llw frant ((i41," I linvn im <1oubt liial lU« 
IJriiktvl fntiit tli« iiimmvjjpi i|intt«) in iMi' i^xl.tlm ■rraufvatMA, «ad 
*Q\Q9 ■pp4iviii [fiittAku* u* (0 ill? MU'ft, bdj]|| (In luno In bvdb ti 
liwl bwQ dmwri opal dm tititolruiit ?}U'H-iu'T'h |iiii|WA. nml itm^brSir 



fn U'ftltor Rtpwnrt's own bnivlvrHting mppean» Ut« 
ytowioK ^JCplaDaiioD of tiw abov» : 

*" How nvcvtmary it is Uw VCittg cciitic dovtJ to the 
{^arlumenl. To desire tb«l Ibe OSiccn of Entatr he- 
larpt up, ttU it be »e«fli urbo d««crv«o Uicn bnt That 
the uSfts uf Eritate be not btslirwinl by the advice of 
tbr Marr)iiiK of Hninilton, far fmr h^ crmih the Kiii|f. 
To nMitn* ihi' King, lU-ligion nnd LibcrtJt^ granted, be 
will he pourerful to rru*U the Marquis. Not lo acquaint 
tbt: King itith any Ihtng rxcL-jit Uv prumisr l<i ke-irp >«• 
crtL To B(«ure tin* Dukr and Tiaqnair that, «3raqit 
ihey taki^ the Hari of Montrose by the hand, th^ will 
be kept duwri, huih at hume and uhruad. Tu auauiv 
the King, ttic Diikc. and Traqiiair, that my Lord M011* 
inxc wjlj snwd by bhn through all diHicnUicf^. Krligitin 
and LibertieH biridg grarjl^. That if tiie Duke or Tra- 
qaair writt-, it inu^t hi^ in «o genera) u wny na no man 
tpi gather any thing by tt» and to write to tniifi |iar« 
tiaif and hi their own paiticuhu'.* I declare that thia 
id the JUKI TEkf^aning of tlic iiistrnctionn. in »o tar aa my 
flwmory wrvi« mr* Sii1>flrnbiil nod wrillen with my 
haiMl nt (Edinburgh the 9th of June ItiAJ. — W 8teW' 

Upon the same sheet of paper, also in Kiewnrt's own 
baikdwriliiig, an.* the rnthmiiig prujMmitiuiiH, and hia 
Uajeaty'i alleged ."Jn^wers, bciitg that referred to lu tiie 

" Tliat tlu' Niiblemen, Gcritlemefi, and Bifanit. iw the 

Hoptj to ArdjIlnUd Jnhnadm in l^ondtf^ «te taron] Li inio » 
moat 'luluMifvt |iaiit]thlt>i of hiciiaUi>Lj. 

* ITti Iftfl tcniuiuv li imiiti ilii-4.(iiiiirfiu«e~a t'opv*'' ^^w«n*« mytlV 
c*l piipVt vf whicU rliti Atvru i* llid liiij, mrr id Ohj (iriAiLvl FMaiphlBL 


aioyrftose AHn tjik covcprAvrKitft, 


tlin-L' Kiftfiti-H oT whtdi llu- Pjtrlmini-Til In i-oiulitulrtL 
That Rilijjion be scciiroii by con finning the act* of ih 
lafit (Ji'Mi^ml AAfcmbly hci](kii lit Kiltnbtif^li, ii&nioly, 
Ihc net i)f reciiwion. and e^ery thhtfi nrcrK^ary llift*' 
Ancnl. which mny nuurr bi< 2iliijc«cy*« snhjccii thai 
Uiriv flhnll bv 110 novntjon in l<<*1i>^on in Any ttnir 
ht^rrnfier. That an avt of pacttiration aitd oblivioo bf 
fi]i:4W<] for iH'Cnrin^ of ihi* «tibjrrt» FroTii ull f|tirstfitn 
)]t!ri'jirtt*r ffir Dti^ht Iiuk t>cirTi dunr in lln^v luvl trouble 
Thnt the ftiibJ4'c(s bo governed, In nil timr, mnfonn lo 
the lawn \fi Ititf kinjc<lunt formerly establittJi^, jiemI no 
oiht^r«i'ii»e- ThU H(>iic. hi* Mnjenty's faithful aDdtoyal 
sub)i.Tt» (^11 inniiilnin hiM Majrvly'i^ hoiiciur, prnotf, 
and royal authority, :i^iu8t all tn^n, and wijJ tiuflVr nQ 
otber novation in la"?*, «v oilierwise, to be iiitr<>3nmT. 
It in nNiuiNLlr his Majesty krt^p up h]^ <>fBc*» (tf Kdate. 
and others lii?* Migesty^a royal favonra, to be beeti>ircd 
upon hih'Ie iih nhnW bf^t deserve at Farlr!iiiK*iit and el«e- 
wlirix-, niid thnt his Maji-Aly bt? graciuu^ly pleased lu 
be present there iu person for eonntennncing hb own 
service, iind hi-i hiynl luid fuiibfEil ^ubjeet'^. 

" Hi» Mujcuty n^revit to thif firNt four pmpiniliQ 
nud, tipon assurance of tite peiformance of tbe ft 
will use nil piBwibli? nieunt- mj In iliKjHJBt upon bis nlVutn 
here, as thftl ht- may be in person al.thi^ Parliament of 
Krotlantl ; and in the ineaiitimc will keep nji a1) p1flre» 
und Odiei^H of Hi>tiitt% mid uiher inarka of hia MajenljjH 
roy<^l fflVouFj of nny iniporlnacr, imdiapiwrtl t>t wntH 
HUfh tiinc iw he may bestow them vjim"! pntiif* nc^^J 
irig to their merit, and dcM^rvitifC at tlie FarliaJOgj 
^WlHtchall. the Al of March le^l,"* 


MontrutfV pint wUh VA|iWr nmj iJic rwi. IfloirbH clwlArvd, ud 

t'pon tlw' lOih of Jiinr, Wiilirr Htt?wiirt wau M|{aiii 
vunijiwil by tiahuvrinu, EIoj>«t, ftiid E<Ignr. " He? was 
(jUAtiocittl ti[M>N tfk' word KU^pftant. caiitninvd in Ikift 
papi-r *»f iiJNinictioi^s ivilh tht* k■Hcr^, Dcdnrt'^ tbnt 
tbcrcb}' wtu mcDnt ihr )Jnr'|iii)& of llmnilton, uriiL itll 
oUi«rs who would upiRj^i.- l\\v ]\Jng, niiil not rc^t stulia- 
6rd wlieo Itvli^ion ftud Libftly flhutild le f-mntc'd. l)e- 
daitft, %\\a\ tliL' ftuif itaa tfrttivn ttfi u! ihr:ir ifirt-cfwrur^ 
amdihe ntjt m^t^ht n'mxtfti, aad uhat tvtts u:aiUiii^ or 
ABf^j iiKM mni/^4H/, DcclarL'K, ilioi Rt his t-omfng buck 
fnmt cuuri lUv H:irl ci' Muiilniw wua uol aL Ni^^'OfistlCt 
and that Kc dritirrH Iiia former dc|Hi»itiori li> Iil- liiliW 
in liint pJiEnt w-ltrn- he snya thf* Karl of MmifniNi- ri'- 
ceivrd Ihe Duktj ufL^UULiX & k'tU-r fit NtiWi-ublle, IjtvnUKC 

be now rt'iHpmber* ihat bt- di:Uvi,T*.'U it lo tbr l-ninl 
nf Krir, Ut wli»ni br guvrii ilniililr dftht' iia^K-r bruu^bl 
aiJopg wUb liim," \'c- 

Upotl the l;5th of June, " LlMltttDOBt-CuJdTii-l U'uitcr 
Stcuart vran cxumiiu'd w/mb (w/M> wIio doclnrud ihat 
ihc fiml Vi'onts of IjIh first di'po?*iUun, 5lb Jtini.- tiisiiLuu 
mny bv bclpcd, U'licrr be bixyn Ibnt Iiin i-rjAiid \\a* to 
h)> brotbcr-iD-btur, in nrsijcct ho oovr H<"claro!i ihiit by 
cane lu givi' ail account of iJjl' funuvr iubirui- Lions, 
wblch \k liud from tlie Kori of Moiitroiw, Lord Xripi^fr, 
tdirdit of KHraiid HJarkball.niKl dfrbircs, thnt Hlnck- 
btU WUB prveeiJt, but had bUli- huiid in ibe buKiut'w. 
Declares ibwl llio di'|Kjntr bad Jutmlion to ^ to court 
Bhoiit hiK »wri business, itiid KIn firi>tlirr-in-luw':4 InisJ- 

IiBe4uMlmj)iirTL<Jtlii.'iiri«Ai<rlo|iJirj. WjikIurSE*i^wl. TJiu^ Llmrr in <;t-vEy 

oinctf by furUivr itUjrIksAUuij '|Viii|UuJ^ Tim Kiug"* mumwirt. li mil ■ 
parr UtvHiliuii. wavi iifi'twbly ivputtud rlirtmifli lUv UuLtf u( L4'tiiii>x» 



ncBi, wliR-ti bcini; known lu BtAckJiiill, he vcquAintci 
tile rrvl tlit'reu'ith, tfhi> rm|^i>y<d bim, Ami g»ve hitn 
imtriictitiiip^ AHiJ miMny^ coiirorm iif lii« fvnnor dqxMd- 
tionc, whi'i-4^4kl he abidr« d* Initbi aft tfusy arc now 
helped ill tbi' mar^ii, hikI suliMTihed by ibr ile|MMKT. 
And further «li-elnrt% that the rnjrtrntiiiMHM vri-itteii vr'ttb 
lh« (l<'poncr'shan4,aDd»oacktiow]edgcdbyhin«ubAirfi|>> 
tiiiti ijit lliv"^ * * ot'Jtnje iMPinni. wi'tv reconimendodH 
uud npokni tit' l>y llic Earl of 'i'<*i«|LUiirp aud wrriUd^l 

dflwn by the dcponcr, nnd ihm thr cfiifl pn|ier wiu 

HTlUm Ijvfure hjB luKt cufriiiig fnuii Courl iu M«i 
Uifl : uml ihftt the deponcr did «hcw th« lAine to 
LiiinJ »f KHr, u-iih whom thr dcponer i< ft it n nij 
aud rec^jwuj it hack :i)c^u> Dm'limnt. that tktf 
/nwtf before- If icntKmed, bcg-inniog w^itb'— " That 
nriliirmrn,gri]Urmrzi, nnd linr^kfi be tlir tlirv^i* KKtntrs* 
&i.\. utjU tending vi'ith thetse wuidp, " und hia luyal awl 
fiiithful sutij*'rts." — M'^rt'iirawoup bythrdrponeriiilhe 
«ub«tLtice tb^rrcof, oiid mended nnd njlcred hi ihu farm 
uud grammar by tbe EmH of 'lVaqu«ii\ with hb own 
hand in mtw*i purls, and in other p«rt^i at bis dirvrtini 


t MkniJHcript iLvlrojo'JH 

I Y<ft <>n; *»nly rnpy Fniinrl vtm d)ftt wrinoti rndrvly with Wd 
?<rt'h':irt'* hiinil, ti> c|ui>l«! •bovu, N*» f[unHiCFn A|ip<fir» *o li«v# Wvii 
puL 1>j tM4< roniuiiiEfin tin hi tvhiir* tliat Aijiy mmvttfrl bjr lYK^oalr bbi^ 
ujr wIlhI Itvroiuv ol' il- Wo thiill Jiml (by « mntiUKript to bv r|bCito4 li 
div ubuplvr uf Tnh|uV]'« ■ioL'uEi^i-) Uml IWiiuiir cJtcbirvd tlilif >«ooiMl iv 
be BbHlatply r«i>n<, xn fivr u ht vnu iwtunfiwd. iffid •ppMJcd to the 6^1 
ihitF, " iicliiJVT onioiitfi^i ull hli p&por* It thcrr aaydilnfr rannd dJrirfd 
to 010 <kr fmiii nii'.liiii hlijii Au *iu-n /i-oim^ n--nfAttm^ii ra^tititm.'' Iti 
tbo cOur*r af hi« ^vnniinqtimi Sfi-fnirl fonn^l llinl, Ln ploftvv ^lo wjuinik 
tvt% litf uiiuf iiupLLeaU- a« jriiuJi u )ji**il>[v ~i'itti|mLJr Hint MonHvK, 
ihU ii tn l)i» (ilm-rvuil, thut uf <itt> kvIb nf mytttvii tnttfvMotu $fmnA 
^\'ii]tuf SicU'Liitt iiL.' aw^m.- thai (bt ODfl< Uft* dk't[i1«l by Mnnfmw 
oElii<T by IWjiuiir; hat I'ur tho ruOvnuI pTvpimrivtu, Siwnn tfiok 1 
un hiioiirlf- Siiv ilir t«inviirM< wfti thr (tiiiH. AH rSc iryaitol 
watt- Jii« own invonlliins orkit the mltufrAl |irii|HPft]tu>rift <vnlMllNd 
vvtIjrI caumiiaMuri rrdfli Montrnr hQi) titr n-xt lo Lpnoesn 

ham «t court, U> whum iIm* iii:p»ticr Uikl Uiat IIh^ EuH 
oT MviiUOM ejip^cti^ A kutr tooon>r up b> court, vho 
ftiiiwi-rfMl ibnt al was mtA a 6t timi- io tlip Karl to eomt' 
ti» ofuri. Jk'iii^ jiitLTrti|catcd what wss. tbe nMaiiiug 
«f th« E«rl of &EontroM^> letter fcmnd in the dcpouvr^st 
mink. tkHrUrttt that by t/urjettrlw meauta If Iter whicli 
ftbould hiivi- Utetj Ai^iil Oowii by llit- PaUgravi^ fur ibe 
Barrii upc'cMiiin^; and thni the iricaiiing ol* thrr olbi^r 
wunla. * thai ihe KtnW jewd ^lujidil come itp before 
the other uro letters/ jb Uiereby meaui thai ihere were 
twu letU-m ili*^ivil tci bd writtiMi by ihi* Ihike uf Leiu 
uox, 04ie ftr the Lurd Nnpit^rV upci>iiiii]^, anil auothei' 
for the Lalnl of Keif's upcomtnjT to CMirt, but none of 
the three, U> the iJ<?[Mitji?r'a kncfwlLil^, wvtrv written, " * 

The |uiper of iiiKtructiong, alluded to in this de|>n«i- 
lU>xi aei having been '* recomiiK-uJiHl and 8poken of by 
the Earl of Tniquuir," ia dibtiuct fruui tlie p^iper of pro^ 
poHJtiinis ti) tbe King, nud nhm from the iiiysticnJ in* 
etnjctioDfJ uilt^j^-fl to bnvt- Ui-n ilictattrd by Montrute. 
Jo one of Lbe varioua editiom of Waller Stvvrart*e 
evidence taken eIuwil by the Committee, it in Hljited, 
that during tbe pro|;re«g of hi^ vAaniiuatioiis, Liiere 
wa8 di^^yivercd In hh trunk, (bi additiort to ibe other 
mysticut uiiUit^, mrsliruviUniHj and lettent ulUlded to,) a 
paper, " containing a number of partieular inAtrucUODS 
oiul dirvetirniA in rnyhtieal termn, hAvi[ig letters, ami 
ikJtt, and nuirii^ uf fh-:tKl-<, with other L^i»i'rrt rxpre^ 
»HN)A. foe names of pcrvouj- nnd pur|Kise«/ ( Wiilter 
Stewart iliTlArcd tbnt ihew vere ihe in^tmctions which 
he alleged wen.^ recoiniE tended hy Trutjunir, nni] it\tn> 

m Ov%uu] H&i tieuLd, *- W. »kMul.— Wr Th»nm^ H^fv Edww4 
Sdf^r diO^d l^di Jtinv 1011. 


ibnt be hitd )cA n copy of tbismy^Uca] jMper. (as 
mn of tlir propoKiifniiF* to tbo KiD|if, and hb MnjeMy'i 
anstrcr) witli the X^ainl of Kdr, who kq>t tbuoi a tiigbl. 
tbat he might copy llicm, nnd rhcn rriuriMd lliciii to 
the dojKfiHT- TIk" inElniciioii8> i\jrri>j)uudliig to Uitf 
document above tlc^cribed, which f find among 
iiia>iii?^cr!pi9. apt uit follows : 


'"Tocoimscl Lhishomcc'OtniiiglLn tbi-y hear 
D, or U brur frtun tbeiu. Ta udierLiw T* vrilK all 
dilijc^rictr, bow < . ,f mn pleased vritb the ThAfti, 
mid if Ou-rr' Fk^ uny pArtiriil;irH ihnt t]i«*y wmild hai 
tlic- L m<jro ^iH-vi^l jl. Tbut Ui^y be not uiuvtrd wilh^ 
rt'pone of any alt^raiSon, or any lhiW|t d«-rv^at«; from 
llEb TM/t-A vxn-pt tbi<y lirnr from IJ. Tlnit tbc u-i4iM 
inmlcTHtJoD bo oxpbiiu'il to Gtn^o- 1 TTiat . - - 
&irivp to Iti the feirw ^ IVigfcn \\ know how care- 
ful T hus brim ti> j^ lijin ntiJ^fEtt'tioa, a» my Lord 
Hoxbtirgh will bear biiu u-ittfess, and that Ihcy may 
be conndt-nt uf Hnti^fVit-ttmi^ Jt ht lliun^bt lUiifX iit-^ 
ceuary iTint sonir . - . who wilt bt? it^a>t auNpiYted 
CWnp lip. or If thnt cannot convcnit-niiy be, tbat the 
benn^r ivtum with nil puTtsiUk* dlJi^rht-e, and, hoV' 
ftoevcr, that }ie coint; np bcforir. Thnt all me^nt be 
nvrd fur trying ihr iiiforirmtioii ngntttNl Ibt- liromrdtmf. 
and what futther cuij be fuuiid of his carriage with 

* TlLu BUiuatript nT th# inMnirVinnh U nnt the nriglnol vhkh Watltr 
^WBit <)ccl«rrd ^ra* W liuo^n htnrlnrritiiaK^ kiiri vIiLrli 1 ciiiTLiil fild 
wauEL|f Uiv uiUvr jdipcrv Tlik^ jIhivu ta i|uuitiJ Uoin rhv <«ipy lUHle ^y 

myilkal una* un cifilaUicilp (|mb&bly from W«lDrr ;(lvwui'a lifo4 
ilooa) nn ^hi: iiiiu^in tifthu ccrpyi a* wc bavv uutvt] bvlmr. 

t '*Taf*Icl~iito\ifaiitionm In ihif Kiiitt. nnd bin M^nTy'4 AOflWA." 

# " Aruini Tnniiuuf iun Itllvr fn Ihu Unik/' 
Q " ViruM iif irr^ff>fi_E> uf WJfCt-ui unv'it bu cflirk* in PaHuunnf-' 

iV*y>vfK or aay other there in thcne pniii wherein 
Sjgnior Puriltrno nml somr oftlir Hvifjtkanbir frirtidtt 
Ctn bi-Hl luforrii and tiulruct. To a^ur^ Siffuiw J'lt* 
tiiwto th«t ht' wilJ gtl 3H| iKtW'tion am-ril ihi- warA nnil 
nnma^f he fltJ^IreiL, biU llmt nuw it U not a fit time 
to do It for hJm, or any others so disposal as lie ifi. 
To tei\ €if*»€ro thai m) suoji h» Utck iHfirii?H to the 
stJ^f. who in daily luoked for, he will by him he;ir 
frffcn I*, * 'J'o let , • - kmyv how wt4l L tnki's thi-lr 
oirVt a»d au tb« iJibcrtUrAt way lo inforiti your&olf of 
tJidi d««ire*. »nd prtrtlculflHy ;/ reiit tiht^ upwards.^ 
To try the- >;iirninojis ig(iiii!«t 'l\ nnd tn -semi itp n dnnhTr 
tlifithc may compare thrill with ihat which hehas^ottva, 
and to assure ^ . . anil nil others, that he shall dear 
hiiiiHeifuf nil thtst^, UM clt^ar us duy ii^hl. } Thut hy nil 
llie 'J'tift/ff lieiiig tilled ttpurid iriadi.^ ^tK»il, how inueh it 
connrriv tla-in to show thembd^esi ^iTeetioimle (lo) L." 

While the exam i nations of Walter Stewail were hi 
prog^4■^»« Mtrritrose, Napier, Ketr, Jiud lihickhni], w^rc 

• " DrtimnJ/tiy—Arf[yAu. JirJ>«jf— AthnL Siffriior Pvrtrina—^ 
|Ln£irih. /^rJ^tA^At,— M^normJiL i'tr*— Sir KichanI tinhuiiL ficAuol 

f ' If rrJmfm* trpmtntM," UrKpUtnt*]. bolli in the MK aoA in tlie 
paBfiblf I, l>) '^ '^f t'Uti"4'*t ijott at^ylil." |l would uppeAr, Zio^vvvifti ljy 
• iteAtDinLt uf t.unJ Xh|iivt'iih ta ht nflvir^Jirrii c|1IdIuiI, cliat Wulfi-F StevT- 
«t fabl^vrn lhHntbi>r«p1«jiMlnli, iiomdy, "{flCrif aeeAa ff/^£rmml" 

Tnquftir, chiaBy itutiK"^^^ I'v Airhihniil Jotm-ii-n^. 

f " /Vrtnfurjnn', — C'nmnii-«inhi>r« m| J>i'IUriji-Ql " 

All Llic fun'KurDU njrliiiiDriuiiA uru miiv'\. •uuiu uu Uiv (iiArfcli]i imJ 
•POi* abotv iJkV oiyBiiivT twm> id iln' niijiLij(LrL|it, Thv nirtr |ii.(j||i|ilvl 
rflllllvcl lo Iw^fv Cp. 4^, note,) hw ul>uuufcl> ti«ii liitFm><ll%- pnnlnl 
AoB tliij vrvy M^P, f*^ todiv ortli('<i> i^plmiiitiifnt huvp horn mt«ink«i 
far it iWrlmrortiiv, luifr prlnlrfl fNTnrilinnl^-.AndtJti-rvurv'itJLirr lEiJiULufe 
la llw pua|ililtl, c<iiltf<lirljr in c:ipiiwe|Uvih-\! of n uiinnwiIiiiK ai iW iiitru 




aepftrttdy examined, and the fact* elicited frovn Uien 
nmplctely oooCndiruvJ Hc^-wtrt tn vartoos fwntiil 
potato of hia vvJdeuce. The hni decUnttiocM Uktfi 
fraa AfflotKHr, Napver, and Krir, are not to be fonad 
snoB^ thtar loanitMripi^, but tliuir Ufinr \% t^rwmAj 
prorvd from Lord Nap(er*« tUtenietit ^reii In Um 
dupliY. Tbefv U -itiU extant, bownn-r, aoMnft *^ 
Wodrow outin«cn|As« derJantion of 8ir Ardiibsld 
SlrvBrt of BloHdkAlU X9k«n brfiwc LoM Holnirfino, 
Sir Thoiuaa Ho|w. snd Edward Edftar^ oa the 7tli of 
Juae, pt'obablj' tbc timv vrfacn the other three vfvrv 
■Imi find GJCBminral- Upon ihnl occasitm, afid irtirt; 
paitkvlulf on tliv UGili 1/ ibe buds itioiah. Sir Aj- 
diihald Stewart made the foltoving declaration : 

" The said Sir Archifattld <!«dar» that tfav LaM of 
KcHr cnme, twm ibc Lt^rd Itii^-d'y bitrial,* to make a 
visii at fan lioiise of Anifcone, where ihey crntnvd 
upon rcj^ts fur the case of the cuunlry ; and tbereaft^r 
ineeting at Kditibur^ iVtcy fell upon the 3«me- Tbe 
fUvC coDT^naitMj ihey fell uj>od vrna, tlut ihry thoi4g)il 
hU Mf^e6ty*8 coming to SciKland would be the best re- 
medy for saetUing Ri-li^on mid Librrtir* uf the kingdom 
at the l^arliamcnU Tbe I^ird vt Keir, Unding the de- 
poner^ mit^d lo ngrtt with the Lord Napier, dniri^ 
Uie depinirr to sputk with tbc Lord Napier^ whcmu 
tbt dtpouer made dlfGnUty, and beiuft pntted by Kcir, 
the dquoer and Keir vreni (» strek Napier, who<n they 
f(»uiid u-itli tbe luirl Mofitroer, in (h\- Cari MoDlro»e^> 
lodgii^ in the Cotrangale. wherv wtien they bad come. 
the dcponcr made doulit to apeak with the Earl of 

[oilin»i-> bciug a 6tmi|^ to hiin, and loath to rutex 


tolo pnrticiilArv wjtii him ttf thj« nnturc, se^'^ng hh 
iMinr at tliAT sfiin^ limo wa^i t'n1U'<l in qtiostion for tb^ 
privtie bond coolrav«rU?d. That rht* dt^puiicr wnn in- 
«liuvtl hy thf- Liiiril of Kt^ir to cnirr with ihc-m, wlii-rr 
ibcy fiHir, wiih Li»'ii(i'naiit-C>)]oiirl Wnllrr Sti^wort. 
r]it4rre<) in diaconrsif anient thi; King's Oitwn^^uiMiug. jt» 
tlH' filtoit iiTtrzuH tor 4E-ti]ing of business, winch wwM 
Approvrn \vy ibom rvU. Tlu'reftffrr Ihi-y frlJ njMjn fILs- 
couree an^ht the dlsbatjilin); the arinieB, whlih prufiuj^ly 
mij^tii inttrnipt hi?* Majesty's juurncy, and iuultl not 
stuad witb fai« Majifty'w honour to have Ihe Armit-s on 
feot ftnd hr iNirning dowTi in n |K-acenblp way for set- 
t!iii|; uf tili jOTTi arul itu(.-MiuiiK : whereiiiitu tJjcy all Tonr 
a^cc4K (but i]'>c« not rcrarrnhtT who proprwi^d Uic 8am<» 
fir«t>) niid tlirprffnv Ibnnght. fiiTo rrrwnrw/rHf/to tbpwald 
Liiniteiiuiit^Culoni?] Stewart tliat lie mi^ht {jnipoue (Ijij 
•Bmc IH tht' Diik*' of Lrnnox. ibc* Bad of Trnquair^' 
aiu) bix frirndH ami aCfjuniulanrn aknit com I, to ciili'i"* 
CAln that fiiotioD with tli« King. And tbcy thought it 
fit hiH Maj^Hty ttbouM Im.- pliiihLft tii ki-^^p up t\iv i)^ix^ 
of tilatc UTMiiAjHJsi-fJ of IJIJ bih <m~ii dinvii-roiuin^. And 
tlicM tbree particulars they gave to the Lleuteiiant* 

* In TiiJi prvvioi]> iLi'L-IrimTlipii ft( ihc 7th of Juito> BL[]1 dcdftrtd 
tn mntir j[riiivmJ tarms " ihni lEi" Hurl nf Tnir[Uftl', to hU mi^mary, wri 
VHI mcitUucfd thru, (*t |Jk> lint mt^tici^) htiC tluit h^knutinrnvd ihtrv^ 
■Ibvr.'' Tliif fuLlEUH wuiu vLtrviuvry ■niilr'ti* tik cunnvt,! fJila |rlf>t k|i^ 
iAmiWj ifiih Tn(»juLr, Btirl pr«»vd J^liiekliHll upuik tliin puidl ill liin Muh- 
Mtjuem dk'paviTion^ bf which, liono^vr. la' vx|>liun<'il awn) liia hnntn 
widpncK. Oft ihu »ih jj Aiiifu'^f, Wiickliftll Ulii^ iiitormg»ti.fl, " v^h^ 
ih^ nr not ihry jfuvf^ iiin>r( in LU^un-imnl-TnluQpl WkLtor ^warC to 
knij^V rwoiuiDcni], vr it*^tin\ryt |hi- r«rl df TtaqiBir with flii'lr iflrM< 
Cnnh^bviltBitr* lliM lljin iiiny IiohiM**i[,— lh«1lt lliclnmintiultLi-l'jLrluf 
Tnqusr.iC viu upjMtvct hy llii- l^>rd NapwT|itnif H^rritiii] uribi tiy tlit 
MMC fxvf of cLtf njB[." Tlw rv4uU triu, hnimvipi, wv ahoM And, ihiil 
9l«wut Wto ilirtfdtfl by iUL« cuEiAunutiho puty to move bia Bi^vXy 


Cotiiiirl by iMMirnctioMr in tcor^* ut llit- Enrl of 
trww> hMUM.\ to br profw^fxl lo th^ Jhxkc, Uic Eari *tf 
TVaquair, sud oilier fntniOK anil nn]iiainifli»»« at ronrt, 
not be |jnjiu)iccil- Dcrlmv^, that be wu* a contuJlM 
flTid adviser of lh<r first of thcao itijitractitiii^, naioelf. 
fineiit his Mttje&ty H <loH'U>cuming, stid wbh onJy mi uq* 
clitor uiid aswiiter to tbc^ uLlicr tiro arlido af lJi« in- 
Hlruction*. Dcclar<^« time tht-y four xtwi tiereiUWi^— 
lh« LuM Napicr'e hou^e, >v]tli ttie a^id Lk-itliatiiDt-OgQ 
lODd 8ti;wart, where tbe#e Mme in^tructious wen^ 
rrpi-uUsI liy llii.' MiiU l.i<-utt-n«nt ('ulotiel, wbo liad tbc 
|>iipcr in Ijix li.ind. in cboroctcr way^, 41& Uiv Lieutciiaat- 
C»tiim<-] /fuViihrik'pnnc]\ llcrlan^r ihtt ibe Mid LJvii- 
li-iiuiit-Culuud did wriie a U-Uer from court to th^H 
dL^poiicr, ilioning bim iiud<^r ibc- tcnrtA of thiogSvand 
bis own dowi]-<;ojniTig, that Uv wuh hi>pt'fii] hU Majnty 
would (Njinc down, «Dd ibut tbe Office* would bi> Icepi 
up,f Aha dtc]nTt:», tbat bi'fikre Ibc* Lirutctutit-CoIVDfl 
VTCDt to courtt the Lttird of Kvir, tlie iIf|Kitifr, and ibe 

■Thia tuntnclit^lu*! Wultyr Mw^viiil j ih^'n'Turr, uii lUff 4tb tit Aa^mK 
'^r An^bibnlil hl<7wni1 cf Hlurkhnll Mn^fhrpiij^hlilntrnfrdni i!ir>iWlt 
urKilIiibdrgli, Wtta dt'iimiiLlE^i] cipon Tho Arvt iDlcrri.i^|0ry mmit tb« iv- 
•irnctUp'14 RiTtn bi l-i(<ulr]mul-l^»Jciiit<l WnLlvr ^l^WBrl, MttI wtclhrr 

llivii* |jfv«uuLi'. wIhi1iv( irT iLul Lljiiy wait AtfytJ auil 4licOiii''f \*Y ttmn^ 
■nd whb wi^rv pri.'«<'ni» ami wSriliur ur nui |Jh> jutpn- ilij f i.>afaiit <^)r^ 
|cr«» Utttrtf at noi, - aiiiwvrvd> cliiiT (o itU (liv InirFTiigtalurifv Itr 4xidIi| 
Himvi-'.tio iiEliiTwiM^ lliiin u b ID Wa fiinilLTr1pjw^>Eiuii>, irhf^rviiofj he 
■dbrrvl. vVf k^pT itn]y ^i' cntvivl ih*' wrini to hr Iic4p*d, ami 
ollvO HiiiUova irtOH^iirit'i'il , rimt iluil hi- rti'iirnLFx^* he did *«# » ft^pir 
ill Livutfr]iuil-C'u]<4id btuwiLi'T'* Imiuli ^abidi ivb /vi'W ^toUcd^ <^.l«l 
docttDuiftfnicnibvrLlivyvanf'rjr uf it,iib(l d^mw that ihc Gar) uf >|nD' 
tRHu, LarJ S«|ili'f. Silfllri|r ofKwlr, mid Mmjvlf wnt*]! jfftmiLtHi t>oih 

lit ttid wrlto 4ity to ihtm, it woulil h*i uudt-r tbene ter[n6 
of ihiQ^N niui his OM'H liowinjoiiiiii^^ f^cuive, UijU hi? 
*ivr bcf>rd auy tliiii>f nioa' of WiUttr Stewart's nego- 
tiation, ur */«/ */■*' «//»/ «/' Am pitftt'ift^ iK-itht'r did t*x-cr, 
ftA'Cr their tnt^t^tJitg at ii\e Lord Napiers hou«t-\ iiJt?vt 
vath the Kftrl of Montrose, ol- Lnird of Keir, liJ] they 
nji't lii KdinUur^li in tlii' t>t'^iiiiiirt^ of Jurif iiiHUiiit, 
wlwti the Luird ol' Keir dr^ired the dcpuuer U) dititi 
u'ilh him ; nnd, theroalter, met with the KaH of Mod' 
Uoeei Lurd Xai>irrt aud Liiiid uf Ki'ii', al supper, afti-'r 
tli« deponer had made hin fir**l ilepo-fitioii,* to whom 
he tulfl nlmt lie hml di'piiiii.-d. Ut^ehirrs tfiat ni thoir 
firHt incriing, i^ither m the l^orJ Montrose^s hou^e, or iu 
Uke Lord N^pier'tit they al] promi^d secrecy. And alao 
drpoues, thai tlu-- Ircmd and ^.■aM>li^ uf lUe bunil. vvhieh 
«r*» the indirert prActi>ing of fi few, were spoken of in 
the Ksri of Montrose's house at sitp|K-rk but dvnleM that 
Ally of tbvtfe f<ew were part leu I arly u allied. Declarer. 
that he recrived a leiier from tht' said LioniLuaitt-Co- 
Jojii'l* dati^l i\i Glafigow, uinier lEic former dnik toj'inst 
aiid to the some purpose, with some renicmbraiice of 
commeiMaiionb from the Uiike uf Lennox, and Kurl of 
Tracptfiir. and a request lo H|Jtak to the Conimi'*wourrK 
of I'nrltftment, with the sherilldom uf Ht-nfrew mid 
Dumbni'taoe, in favour of t)ie Karl of TraqiiaJr, andi 
miniely, Ardiocaple"t 

Till* accotint, it wiiJ be ohocrved, differ* in some ti^ 
fwolinl iHirtirnhirfi from thnt of Waller Stewart. The 

■ Wbkh !■ clii4i] ^th Jimii I'Ur. If wiu "ii tUv llvh nf that tiiimth 
llut Moncn»(] and bi* (ricuil* wt-rt >piit i<i ilio nMitlv, 
^ Orlfluil muiiwrifil; "Ijtrwd. ' Sr A^ # tlliickluUU— U«lavrinp> l^i 



nuturv 1^ the nii^t>tiji^, niKl the geiKTni ivrtm' of ihc in- 
rtnjctiom wiib which Sto^rnrt w«e flcitru^tnJ Ut anj 
to couTtf for ihf iiiftinnntioti of h\» MnJ«Hiy ond ImKfa 
of the country, are here cotirirrned, llul, ncconlii^ In 
Sir AHiibahl St«w«irt, ihc*c inhtructionfi were oil gt* 
thetvil friMii ihi' eoikvt<rsat{uiis &t tLv inei!tiii|^, nni! iid 
dictati-U l>y Muntrufte, or revj«tr<l aiul read oAer having 
been irrittcn out before the irhale party. Neither 
were the myttioBl Irrmi^ sn^'ReHti.Nl by Montro^«, or tin 
re*t, but had {as is very obvJouai sprung from lh< faa- 
(-ifnl imil weitk iiivmtzon «f XS'ntter SU^wnrt himHrIf n 
jmvntr^ Anothi-r particulnr, of greati-r cnoiiK-iJt, stands 
ftiiitr n»oorro!>omted hy Sir Archibald StiWijrt, namelf. 
that MoTitruse instrueiwl Waller Stewart to }iruiM»e 
theCnrJ ofTrnqualr. thnt A, IJ.C. mcaaing Mont 
Napl*T,nndKelr,fihoii}dh**|>Tvfcrre»l, if frMind dosfervin 
ti> the vnc^irtl l>nice» uf Slate. U'liUer Stewart had al 
<]rrlare^l thnt lie wr* eoinniiwiionrd, at tbc«c Tnertin 
to pro|ioBet(i the Dukeof L^imox find Traquafra^riri 
ujiifirderucy with Montrose, Niijiier, Kclr. Blackhal 
and oihi-Tsi c»f thHr senthtjenlsk for tht- tn-'iiefit of t 
Kiikj^ and tlu^ diMracted mniiUy. But, in n^ferenc« I 
thia point. I 6ud anioDg tbe najiitacrlpta a ee|>araled 
rinmtton, holograidi of Sir ArehiliaJd HtVMartr to ih 
foUowipg eiRxl : 

**EdiuburKh. Si9lb June- 1 iiirdtt^iib^crlbefdcruy thi 
ever Lteuteunrit-Culoin.! 8u-\vRrF bi^ard uuy aach nrtit 
or hiHlntetimi, for druHhi>; a Iniud with th<* Ihikc 
I^ennux. and bis tinhle friettdn, for their fafety. But 
! afktKiwleilge it was nLotufiK'd, if f rcniciDber well, by 
Lit-uti'unnt-rtdonel Sltwjirl. or sunit of the coiapaoy* 
to i\jij>jer ni)d ims who did r<'|K-l mid n-fu^f« the aamc 
upon any tenrm. an a dongeroajt aet in Ihcwr day^ and 
80 iiev«r recoinntended to hifii by us, or aay of tw, ii 



ty-judgcoieni. 1 (jLicsti^ncd tUvEarl of Montrose^ iipoD 
same, irnim-'dmirly nftiT my first exnminntion, who 
tnv he did JK'VtT hcui- of sudi a mvtioa till 
^tuintX'uluui'l Su-warl, in the passing, cumc to 
fgw f tlft ^*^ ptffciic<l his Lurdsblp wilb (for ?) nn 
mer^ if hU lordship would j^^in in the foresaid bond, 
wblrb (ttUHUer) wns ddJven-d in thtf^ tiTiriK lu (thi'} 
JiiculniuiitXuloncl ' — ' That bonds were now of tm 
Htngcrous coiD'cqiiPiioc that bh Lord^litii woiiM not 
bin io oJiy, which, if tbc Dulie of Leuiiox sliould m\>vt 
Qi,) at bis coming to Scotland, be would dedar*.* to 
Jiinwlf."' " 8r A. 8. BiocKhuil." 

Walter Stowart being thus pcsitlvely coutrudict* 
t^, WiiH, Du the last day i>f Jnne, Ji^nin brtm^bl 
bcfon tlic Imiul^itOTS, when " he declan-s tljat he did 
jkA motion a bond to be math- with the Duke, and }m 
aobic fricndii, but ibut he bad inKlruct^ont* to apeak with 
Ihr Ihtlcc and Trnqimir for joining' in friendship with 
lli«be tbnv, vi»> the I'lnii of Montrose, Lord Nupier, a [id 
baiid of K«ir, aiid their frieniU ; and btiiig confronted 
tarjtb Blurkb»)],de[ioneti,aiHi8 before wriUc-ii, and Dlaek* 
hall ailirmK in bis prf^rneeas hsvi Juwn in Blackball'ti 
former dcpoHili^tn^;. UeclareSf thut when hr ramr Imrk 
fruio court, the Eail of Montro§v and the- depoai-r en- 
l^ring fti a dm-onr^c anent a solid friendship to be be- 
twixt the Ihikv €t' Ltninox and Imh noble frii-nds, and 
t)ic Vltirl of Moutrohc and thctie who were joined with 
Ikiin, and their friends, tbr Kiirl Miid that any tic of 
ncndiiiip of chat kind will bo be»t gotten dun*; whvn 
the Duk« kliould come to Heotland/' * 

Walter Stewart wan also potiilively (.ontradictvd by 
Sir G«orgi: Stirling. 

■ Uri|-- UK Sltfnr-lp * W, Srvwurt.— Bdnicriua, L P. D."* 
VOL. I. O g 

■03iTaiO«K x\U T8E GOVt^WA^TlaA. 

gmn to Linitniafit-Coloii»rl VValur S(ev- 
bj ««r^ or inn< wbeilier rcW /a /A^w, 
flriii^cirf Ay Aknr Mfr*r«>« as in tbe im^rv- 
ibM b« l(iio«^ BO more thui b ui li» 
and drckm he O^IImt saw fM^prr 
«r imk^ acitkr ilid Ifavy vrrte any, nor did ojry vni^ 
^ iWr JTrrrrti—, Tbv pftprr of ihr 3d of Uanrh 
WfclliliW IC#I Wiv Aawm to U>e aaid Lain! ^ Ki 
ami W brnp «dftd «b«tbcT or noc Walter Stewart did 
J ^gir U» this po|vr, or tbr Klrr, and Irfi tbc same iritb 
hiB, aanrvr^ llvt bp did mv IliU |»pvi-, ur tbi< Vikr, 
wb«mf be did take the copy. wilhoQt iatermgaling 
Inm wbon b* had tbeflHBViOr bf wbon uhh] ijLtion tl 
««n propMwd to ibr Klaif, aftd bis Uaiort;** bj 
i T P iT w t ; bat cocvriTts H waa b}- /Af- I>nhf, in 
Ibvir fonDTT dr«4rr WV8 toluvc hU sddrraH 1u tli^ Uol 
Tfe 6rftt liitk poprr, bctrflg Walter Stewart'* invftni^ 
iImh^ bdoi: «bev>i to tbr depoDirr, he detiic* cvi-r ^| 
4id we UmI |i^*t brAm, or that bo lniOH'8 any thing 
of ihe partinilan tbemf. Bel^ IBcMrJse dcmjutd|^^ 
tf be bod bvttrd any Ihinfc ^ ^ 1>^m1 ^ ^i^vv bmt n^l 
ocribrd by tbe DiUce and bi> frieMli, dcidArvd lie linH 
beofd tbai It vas spoken of to the Knrl of MontTOM-, 
bitl IfaaL be never beard it Bpokeu to liioindf by any, 
titixhcr did apeak of uiy sucb purpoae to any per«oi 
And being hiterrogatrd upon the- |inprr ulildi Lit 
bttanl-ColoiMl Waller Stvwan brought front Outin wj 
Un, b^famfaif ' In 9^tmk uiih the fintml aocvit L. 
Siewti' and ending: ol tlie JinicUv niic-iit the jjnnia- 
Hpmt^* wbkb paper l»cing «lknm to iIk' dvpom-r, and 

■ Thi> nmafoodi ■ith ill* furulawnn of tl>r oiyiCi«J paper uoeail 



bejD^ iutt^rrij^riti^il wliether or not he hmJevcrKrcn th«- 
Raid papt*r, or taken a copy thereof, declare thai, so 
fttvM Utf roMK'inbi-rs, be never die! see it, or tnkt* n copy 

Upoij coinj>arii]^ iim lerin^ of their reapeetive flejio* 
silions it is im[>OKhib]e itiit (^ be cniiviiicerl thnt llloi'-k- 
ball and KiHr deponed tnily, and Mint Walter Stewart's 
dq>odition m^l^s Jalsi- : |- ami ot' this we wiU he thu< 
ronghly peraujided \(')lt^n we come in Iht? sequel to con- 
k Bidt?r ntfirr iinpiibliflhed mnniiMTiftfl u'hich wc havo 
ytt to produciv If Mil- roveiiafdiiig govenimenl of 
Swtljind had been uctualed by principles of ho* 
ROUTp honesty , {irul rominon seii&e, not to 8uy ^Ht- 
fr%oii*mt Wnltcr Steu'nrl"*' <Iepositii>n (which proved 
nothing rriiEiiikul figuiii4t Montrose uiid his friends, 
4*Ten had it Ihtei all trim,] ivouldj upon n com^Kinson of 
tbe 9ctn1ement9 of MontroHe, Napier, Keir. and Black* 
hnll, have been rc^jetrted wUh eonternpt^ Allbon^h 
Waiter Stowflrt'a deposilioPB were not fiutlly arranged 

rvratii|f Jw vttm affairt^ (hut U iii>t igSv*^\\ id tb* oi>|>y frirtn whLnh diu 
)iuii[rhlL<t iif Bf iipilcii ftpiK'tn to halts bi.H;a printed- Walter P^bowui 
{Irrlnn'il i^ut till* jityjtIiLiAl jiiip'r i!iiiLUUliCfl IWim Yritifuatrt i^mi tlid 
QHMH'Jri'r f<V^k *n^l ^li" pntaphlrt, \\X\f it, " Intfmrtian* frrnn Ihp' RArl 
iif Trmqufeir lo L^'-tloiiv' Stvuftil." l'o««4My tbc oomniDDGvCMbt of liM 
pd^Ht #»• u<rt fuuud to ]4(iUtf with tbbi titlu. 

• OrijfiEULl MS, 4)>IaI nt IMiuliLirifh, ^(h Aujnul lOtl.ud idftud* 
■• O«ori Sturliti^.— Ufllmwiiiti, I, i>. 1>." 

bAVinjf *C4li, Jin<t takjn b ditty of Ihn " IaM«" ULrt KId^k u»wcr<L 
Kiiw. i|. Bk Walter Nh'Wikrt ilvjti'inoJ. hi^ hml alto von «nd '^oplnl llic 
myttinit intlnictiirUBk l") wuiilfl hMvcr mlmilletl llial liitt (du, Oti (h« 
OlbfiT luiulr if a ftHT (if tbfi r^^nvnju^ni^i^ liwl lad biiu In ilvDy, faltolyi 
bi wmld In ftU jirrjldbility hat^ rJviUvd huviiii; kv^-n nod «opivJ any of 
thtf pvlwnv. But Km wv h ^vutlvmiMi vfliigb »ffirit B»tl uubldim>bvd 
lioaau'. whlk' M'uticf TiEcWArt, iritn by aiIj»E>jiirj|j vl ilw liictign, (wit* 



Biid Bwom to uftUI Ibe ISUi uf Juhp.* uiid alihuuif^ 
the dcclAratioDBt of the noblcnien anil gcntlcmvn, whofVi 
tJinl evuknco tnuclitt], nfTordeil the 6troti|^^c reason v^ 
l)clicve Ihal it was juhi a^ little lriiAtwi>rtby, as. iu »n^-" 
iHttiiiti-naU'tl aij<l It'griJ view of tb<? inutCer, it heuc roift. — 
wcjiiriitiiil to the country, they wcru aII mtdi, on th ^ 
11th of June, in a public and igDo<mini<Hi8 uiaDtier, i^ 
the Cufttle uf Kdiikburgh an stale prlfluuera, and braniled 
with the natiie of " the Pluttern/'t 

AftiT the ihtevFs hnd hniind thr IriU! m4*n, A^h 
anil hitt fuvliou hrtralhvd more CiveJy, «ti«l Ihcr bluudy 
interlude oecurred, whoiie illustFatlon will reqvitv « 
scpornii* clmptei'* 

■ or diiiL dBlfU MDlodtd rrllrinn " boJap dnwn off iLc fonttt:* At 
pcMitUiD^ wu ippsblcd nob* shown toibutlqHinrr.hrMl h^-biiit UN^ 
to follvEti tUf. ntxpv, uml m^tIik rLiun-upfiD. wlui^h whm iIaac BciunilivlT. 
Mid tilt dL'|>onrr tf|ipi!nri(iff in pff*(^h<-i< of tb« VoamMirr^ wa» ^uon^y 
nworn t|LL<roiipoii, whoaAirmcdtfa* MmD !u Ih CFua,a# hti vroulil aiKaitf 

t Ultiory <iibU Dn I'lfJ'i upcin thit imjwnaDl chifiiter of MosmavV 
lEAk BuwIbuLty UUi>1io[» Uurifvt'a njuvtduf li amy aowhr^tva^ * Ai 

LukI Mniiiroih-, «rhi^li iJlncovrrvH M drv (orrcApntiiitiim)f liia wilh At 
i\t}url tat my Lufd Tr*4ninli-*» p»*of*iirit.n ; kUtl wfA thiM U>« itoT o* 
'thf UnuA^ M|[iml lt»c fifriiti-r vmit hI t]#i]ib«rDhu)c), hnjk« nul. v^va 
mhttJi liv liiid tODLV f^f liim trioiid* w^rv ?(inkmllTtd vl«v pruonun la iW 
Qi«Uw "' Kiluiburuli. uid H.ulk^I l'luMt^i>, * * * Tiungit ia ^cvdMiJ 
VMk pTSvntLy b ti'ltlL4in<iEit. 4nii tli^Mw wbo wvrv tuJJcd Pldfileo ud 
Bftiulcr^ ik1>L-r i?KAfulnaiioDj ami n dcJI vcrlpjc up of ibat U-nd, vhidi wm 
hkimC bjr Jh(> hrtiiil of iliv ot>nLmDO hDiigin&n» uvr* ■*> «i tibrrlT. Altn 
•onrc tinio olfuTthpt f^wimmt.''— J/o*. w^'lA*- ntimnltont, \t\K 164, IftA. 



TMirtb IT ItiTJI HbllhV^ 

Wmkm Montrose and bin fritmla were st^nt, tn th<' 
Castle. b«lli tWy tixnl the comniunily at [art^e wi-i-o 
kept lu iDlJiMgnoranceof Uu'iletflils of the evidt-iice thai 
liiul bwu oblaiueU aguiu&t tht^ii'. The " iinv.ilo pnictin- 
ing" of tlic I'oveiinDtJng factiou hnd uiso dejirivcd Mon* 
tnwc's 4"c»iitrinponiry hicitrrnpht-r of the meona of ctpiis- 
iuf^, io dcUi]> piocet:0iiJ<-8 of whicli ^e havv ulivudy 
«ii«clofte(l trnough lo prove that Dr Wisliart woa, iiever- 
tbcU?»iS prrfcclly well foundt^ In the following general 
obeerratioii^ wliich occur in the opening chapter of hU 
cvMwatL'd Hialory : " Thry {l\n^ Cove iiu utters] xmouHly 
CDiiwult hvw they nhould take Moiitnj&e out of the wuy, 
whose hi^roic spirit, being fuced ou high niid hoiionruble, 
boweviT ilifficidl ncliievcm<^ntfi, ihvy nnild not endure. 
Tq make Iheir way, tbertfore, into ao viUaiuoufi an att, 
by tliR n«iJ!htHnee of mhih; tmuriivrs* whutn with giftH 
ttiitl proiiuai'B i\i<^y had corrupted, ibey undrretood tlmt 
ilic Kiiijf had written lcti<?rs to MomroHe, ntid that 
thry were (lUTki'cJ in the suddle of thi- iK-urer, one Htt-w- 
art belonging to the Earl of Traqunir- The bcnrcr 

* Tbb b very likely » ItumLlioii'i creaiunviluE wurlbJcH intr^ifija 
WillUm Mumiy.tif ihit Bi^t-*^biimbvr, wju [fair [ivpbt-A of ibm bhieu Ktir> 
ftulKTl Hnmy *T^th wboiw cirpdHilLun tUUjtafot ri'mmrnrwl. 



wa« ncarw; culered the borders of Si-otUnd when llwy 
Apprrhi-iiflnl hitn, Hfi hin hmldltf^ luifl Bud the lolUn> 
TliiTL' was iiolhing bI all wnllrn in them which diJ 
not bei'u]ii« the bi^at u( Kii)^ to rotnmanil, Uu: be>tof 
•ubject« l(j obey. Ncverthcltifii, iJiese niofit exact craft* 
mifttcr* in the nrtK ot' lyin^ nud HJaDdmng, »«el nbuut 
borntileani] Ini^Vnl nporls, Ity Itic-ir a|rt minwtcrs,th:it 
at luat ull tliL- Kitiff'^ pio/3 mth Mcnfrosf, for Uw over- 
throw i>f Hc-li^ioTj, aiul tht ruin of tlie Kiiijfdoin, were 
fouDcl out snil ilJscovcnd. Nor yvt dunt thry afToH 
him A public trial, but, on a suddcD.whcn he Miopi'ctnl 
uolhiiigt llirust hiiij, with Napirr Lurtl uf Mt^ivhUtoD. 
And Stirling of Kcir, Knight, two both of hi» near kin* 
divd niid intimate tamilinm, into Uie ^^Ktlc of Kdiii' 
buri;h."* Bu\ Lord Nugent, j^b if mure enll^htencJ 
upon this dark passage of Mc>rjtn>u?'s lifV, tell* xn tbat 
*' Moiitrwii^ hnii incited orw Sh'tntrt to iiwuw Ar^lc. 
HamiUoD, nnd Rothes, of a treasonable intent todepoM 
Churit!*. On fffi.' proeeedifi*(H, SicWHrt, ijUqiiulitk-d to 
bu thti ugt^nt of i^o bold an iittrjgiirr n^ 5IontninL*, l'oii- 
fe«8cd hiscrimr. Nothing then rvmfliiicd for MonlrcMe 
but lo di'uouhce. Stewart as Laviug been fiuborned by 
Ar^'yle to forge hia i-oiifr!i:(iuij, and thus, einbrailiitg 
the cliargr, lie let^ his wrctrhni nccnmjtUce in the d^ 
leiniuu of a eapltd act;usatiun of tuasiNg-iii&kiu); af^iufrt 
one at least of the nubleiueu, and to be (x>n!i^ucnt[y 
put to uti igjunniujoiis ilt^uth.'^t H 

Wherrvcr the nobb author inaf have obtainvd tbj^ 
history of iho luatltr, we veiiiure to say, and proceed 
to prove* that uut a ayllublt^ uf it in coiisiNteiii with 
what actually occurred. M 

• TrttiutnUou (prinled iu tliv ywr M4s) ofWitljan'h Ukiio IliMonrt 
t MemtM-iaU uf llMmpdon. Vol, u. pv ft6' 



jDiiN arcwAfiT's LtrrTGK to AKQtut. 471 

Jiinbaii (Jutliric tiurruUK, tliuLufii-r JuIju SUw;irt vva« 
fcnnmittcd lo prison, '* my Lurd Bulmcrnmi -intL my 
LonI IJurie Ix'in^ sciil ffom Ukt CommiUoo t« Iht? tJns- 
iJc t4j cxmi;itjc hiin, ihvy Oid try auotber u'Ay w'nh bim, 
ani) donJc vllh liiin thut h(^ woulJ nith<.-r lake n tadii? 
■pua tiiinself tiiaii lot Arf^yle lie under aiu^h u Nuiulitr;" 
■ad III- a*^dn Uiat '' bold boiug profound mcrL tboy knew 
well whatarfrLiinenUitiiise for thai L"rt\M:t;"niul, iifciinl- 
itigly pvr>iuiiJ(-(i StrwurL to write a k'tu*r to the Knrl of 
Aq;yhr, " wheroin hf cleared him of thusr npc'trbes. 
■Bd ftcknuwlvdgni ibEit brinsetf had ftir>;iK] theiti m\i iif 
malice against hb Lonisliip." TbbcontcmpDrarycbro- 
iiidcr, rrjc^tfd by covcimiuini; authnrs, fa, thaiij^b not 
alwAya ucciiTdto in bib dvtaiU, ncvertheli'M hubtituiiiULtly 
cimftrnied. iii what we fiav^.' quoUfl, by tbt- niaritiFicnpti 
wc nu»- briag to ligijl^ Tlie I'uiluviiiig is tVitiii iHi? tjH- 
giiud kttcr irnttcii by John Stewart lo AvgyU, with 
Ibtr iWllvcrancv ujKin U by the Hretiidenl of the Cuiri- 
■uitm of Ewtalt^i. 

I" For thfi Hi^hi iiwinurtiitii' ami AWiAr l^urd^ ike 

" Right HonourabJv and NobL< Lord, 
'* III m|>ect it haih pleased your Lunlship to admit 
my funtirr, I Imvo then-turc^ tuki-^n buliitivH^ by llicfv 
o bc^ that favour from your LorfUbip ti- adnjit uii- to 
your Lr}rflHbip4 prewna', iH'fort' I be furtlii-r heuni ia 
public* hoping to givv yonr Lordtibip Huliafi^ctiou, prti* 
mfcuuff to conci-nl uutbio^ that 1 koovr to your I^ord- 
■brp^h |>rrjuiLicvni^il burm.ur of llir|iubJicH- ('oMiiiderini^ 
your Lord^bip'ti gcuc-roim disposition, I will httpv (or 
tMt leva iban that yuii ii'iti reijnlte tvxl vfhh good, which 
will coutributt- more for your Loi'djiliip'ik honour and 



credit, fior (thAo) my Treck will do fur yuur Lordihip^ 
wcHiUh^ or my shome for your pr^Ue. Expcctui^ a 
fnvounil>]e aiiHtrcr fn»n yrnir I^onJhhip's i^oodiini; 
n^tii— Voiir Lor(I«bip'« most undeiervcd 

" 5 Jiune 16^}. Pruduced in )>re»enrc of thi^ Coin' 
jnJUec^ to ihe Knr] of Arg}'?^, who will not rvad it, but 
gav« it to 111^ tu Ik.* road in pubUr, Aftc-r mtiliD^ 
wlHnor, ihv EorJ of Argyle ref(i£od to Hpmk w ith liint 
^Mrt or ii1iin(% but wns mnU'tit the Committee shotdi 
Appoint *ome to bt (we»ehl bvfore ubom be H'U!«rfmlrjit 
to hrnr Mr Julni. Tbv Conuuittce appoint tliv Lnd 
13aljjimiii>, Sir 'riicmas J^ijjh.\ iind Kdwnrd Kd^'^r, l» 
be pment with llw Earl of Argyk tu tt^tvitk with Mi 

''Sr A. (iibaonr, I. K D." 

It apiK-iLrH from thi* uboi'ir, that a prt^vimiM letter 
nscaTUjilIiiij Ijud brrn ri'cnvcd by Ai'^yti% and thi^ far 
the jftnicmcnl of HifthopUuthric Uninfirmed. ik« 
dejiiiLaiion appouiti'rt to wait n|K>n ihc prisotitT did io 
on the following vvenin;;, and thut, notwUbatatidiiig dl 
tliiif prctimiimry iirgotintiun, the Krmn of 8tcwart'« 
uorjfeealttij could not hv mfif/acforilff arra/tgrd upun 
tlint oi-caftioii, also appeal^ lo \v proved by anothcff 
original niuiiutimpl, of wbtdi Lbif coutrnla uri! aii foi- 

" Mrjuhn SlfwarVx Pelithn and Cofifir4si&n prtrxrrni 
edtoth^ Committee i^ E^tutes^ prifdti^^ Tth Jt 

*' Mf Lordti, and othi-rv of the Coumtiltiv of Kttait^ 

Rrtt, I bi^ yoor Lonlshlps' pardon, tspedn\]y those 
were ji^lir uiglit beiv, in tbal I oouLd jjoL giv^ 
greater satisfaciitm at tbal preseal, m rcs|>ect of 
tilt- iitfirmity nnri wrnktirss of tiiy bod)' nnd f^pjriti nnd 
ikevbe behig dashed (abn^hed) with sucb a niLJiiIxT' 
And tliei-i-fore t(>r Hnii»factiuii, now I dtrlure, 

" Fir*t, I being desired by the Earb of Moiitroaiv 
ami Athfd^ pnsctit at S^'oon^ lo try ubst bonds were 
preaird, eitlurr by tl it; Earl of Argyk himr^vlf, or bis 
frirodfi, or Bubscribtd to bim in AlJjoI or elstrwlit^re ; 
•rooiully, to try wbnt pri'suniptions ihere might be had 
ibvt be wsfl tlie acqitin-r of hJs Ule coj^nnis^iou him- 
•cW, and bow he carried himaeir therein ; thirdly, what 
prrsiuDptioiit^ might be bad that be did n^pirt' for au^ 
M prtftnacy above his wjuals, with that ca rent given me 
B^y Moatfufc that I should nitbcr kff^ nte icifhtn 
itawniift NwiXh^u) exceed; yet, 7rofwi//fs/uNt/frig, by that 

■ c^lioui; pu}>cr, I have abused bjjt Lordship's, nnd AthoJ>, 
"In^'-l iq nil-, wrun^d the Earl of Argyle, and dJHtTc- 

ditvd myself, conceiving all things with ^ prejndient 

■ opiiiioQ and uajiist njatiie ngjtiiigt the Earl ot' Argyle, 
«trv>tii)g all Oiinge to HinJHter fiensca, contrary eltijer 
to Ills lordship's words or stations, for which doingn 
I crave bi« Lordships mercy, and |i/ind« only now 
guilty, beseccliiiig his Lordship to have cotnpuihhion 
a}>oii my wn-tihed estate ; being only do.'jinrtiH to have 
]rIeASurcd the receiver thereby, imagining never lo ha%"c 
been brought to nnswcr for tliem thereafter, as now I 
un, to my great giii-f and late repentance- And how- 
aov^^flbavc condc-^ci- Tided upon u nuntber of uitnebHeHr 
upon wrak gronndsi ofnonie of Ibeir djHcnnr^e^ as wUl 
be foikiid after tiial, I declare there 16 never one of 
them aea-Hiory to this tuy mulicious and cftbjinnious 
|)nir]|ililet and puper. nor had baud therein, eicept 




iJkat I offered once Ui« ai^t of it to AtboU wbo ilffsirpl'^ 
IM 10 do it fto that I H-ould be mnnirenibk for it. aiiJ 
g««i» him Qttiy Uiat part in wnUiig wlijch roncerned 
himaotf ; vlioao Answer I nvvvt renlvtA yet, aot ^n 
ibecopyiouotiitiH except iv MuntraMbiinttelt Haring 
repeiiteO uie o'f >ny ddn^ I huml iha iitrolf,ancl vrouH 
bovc fAtn coiiiv oiT, nnd hud h buck a^m, but oouM 
not, in nwpvctof Iii8 Li^inlAlnp tR-in^ without t hi* vmiii«f 
cry. till uow thut I ho|w it bt* fur Ood'n glory, nnri IW^ 
niiion or nil thl^ iintioi)» to stniwl for The drfcnce of hk 
caiwr» wherein he bitli auch n pruvidpiU Imml. A^ fi 
tlie*e S|>*rechrif- allc(ffd by me to have been ii|Kil(cn 
Argyie ni tlw ttird cif Lyon, I 4-onfrwi thut tmw having 
thoHgfi9 heltrr nfion thtvi, his «pe«bn werr gentrt^ 
tlf all KiTtgA ; howsoever, by my forefliild prejudicatfl 
upiniuii uf bis Ijurtlhhip'M aetuHif^^ I upiJhVil ihem to ihtf 
prc«cti1, wroiitrd ihctn to my own mc-uning, ftiu) vented 
tliern aAiT thut kind, lk-6ee>ching your Lordfihipa, for 
tile reJkMJUs forMald* that what Turtber your Lcjrdnhip* 
are to interro^aU- me u\mxk tlmC ] may nn^ecr thciQ 
by writ* a*^ nnt being ublc, in rrep^tt of niy WfakuMa, 
<^itber to stand or g»li^ {walk,) ab this bearer can wi^ 
ne^a. FurtJier, I deain.- that if HUilt tbr X^aird of Bal- 
birny, or Alexnndi^r HroiJy of Lntliem* bi» io tiitf town, 
that they may have worrnTit to cown? to me, whereby I 
umy inipurl to theui euiuewhtti of my worldly njlkinv 
iu;d if none of them l>e here, that some other &iexiib 
may be odmittod ; nnd your Lord^hJp'A answer I bcin- 
Idy crave. " Jo> Stewart." 

It nppears from Sir 'riioinni^ Hope's letter, that this 
tuuftaaiuii did not satii^fy the Committee, " Mr John 
titcwnrC [hv says) hart mitilt eoiifeftMe*! his knavery in 
the gc^ucral, but has uol yet eleiired tlie panicularst"--' 


ttiid Iloptf'6 lultcT U dated on the Ttli of Jutic* the rktc 
of ibe produi'tion of ibal confosslon nnd petitioit Ix-foiv 
Um CofnmilUHf. Sutne duys aflcrward^, howi?v<^r, Ihiu 
tiDliappy mni) '' clonred the |mrlinilnrV' tor, ainonjf 
iJie BOiue jimuLmcript^ it) tho fuJiowiug urigiuul (ic|ju8U 
lion J-— 

** lOUl Jui]ol6'il- III prodciii^e of i\\e Lonl \iuU 
merino. Sir Tbomas Hope, And Edward Edgar, Mr John 
Sifwnrt urji»i i-x^imiutHl u\Hm oath, 

*' Tlie «aid Mr John bdng solemnly sworn to dcchre 
thi? irulh, ct>Dfc-'4sc& that tln^re w<Te nowe ^>/A<r accet- 
9or^ t» lliv ijiukiiig up uf that dbccui^it-, wtiich tlit- de- 
poiKT deponed before the Lorda of the Comi^iittcc 
i^altut ihr- Enrl of Argyk^. And deelarca (hot the 
Bsrl of Ar^ylv havtikg s|>okeii of Kiii^ in i^^tneraJ, aud 
CWV4 u'hereiit it U thought Kings might be tlc|io^d, 
Ui* dcpi'ner did take the wunk nH i>i.[>oken of our Kliig ; 
aud, out of hi^ malicious desire of revenge the d^poner 
oinfe^sett he added lhe80 words, ' thut llie ItrNi thing the 
Parliament would have be^uii U|iij[i Wfk« to <)e|Kj&e the 
King i And ficklike added ihe^e worde^ ' und housoevor 
tli«y had continued the ifoin^ of it at thia tifiie. yet he 
f^red it ^lould be the liret thing tliey w'ouJd fall ui>oti 
fit thctu^xtHer^ioii,*— or/ itwili hv ihv tir^t Ihirig wtll Iht 
be^un atiutheu^xtsi'gsioD/ — and dechires ihul the Earl 
of Argyle'ft words \vere only thefic in (cenenil, vise. ' that 
there wum a diM'durHc 4t the PurliAtrieiil itf tht^ reiUionM 
and mw« of depoBJog of KJn^ in ^neral,' which the 
d^ponor did opply tr> onr King* nnd the present time, in 
ULUurjvrcuiituiued in hieidep(;Mtion* before t lie Cuuitnit- 
Utt Ia«1 (dnyof) Mny ItUL And ^iclikr drclnrc^.thjitlhe 
Earl* of MontJVK- nnd Alhul d<%tn'd tliedeponertoiii- 

Thb i/tymxltm \ nun«t dUcover unonij iJie othn ^Si, 


^ttirr what bowl* were «illwrpc««t or taken bythcEftHj 
of Af]gyleflirltiafrini^aud lo try bow he carried blv- 
•df in his bie cotmaiwkMi in Atbol aiMl «bevriute, 
mad skUifce to eaUect vfaat pramDiNjQiis there migbt 
be that be anp<t<J lo Ugfafr mpmority, or wme «udi 
wot6§ aboT« hu «qwUs, with thxt attwit hy Mw^trifit 
elol Lk- depomtr sktmid miArr ktep kimtt^y tritkm 
hmmd* than fjtvftd^ AccordJog whertmito th« dvpoatr 
wrtit and gaiheml cvwy praounpllon.aad every dnttvft 
wliirh the drponer vmtnL And xidilikc tin.- dcpaiKf 
dnlnn^ thai wbfD ibc drpoocrtohl tbe former discount 
to the fiart of Uontroer, (ns u cvMitvioed in hU depoGi- 
tiMif IhefaMof Uay,)«tf|irMmv ^Ae ISari tf 
jti^oi, Che laid Eari did object DOlhiiig to t1t<^ eotitraiyr 
bttt dkl Rqaiiv tlie dqwncT to girv faiai « copy of 
thooc wonK to compare it with hU own omodwf, wlilch 
the depooer did within a few dav-^ tbenafter. Tbe 
Jcpowrbei^ intcrrofstcil wluU wv thv rraMm of M* 
raalin against the Earl of Argjit, wfakh mowd the 
dapoarr %n ft^rgf *nch inalictmi* calitiiiih» A^in«l hira, 
Af ^a rm that the K^iri oi Ar)>}~k-> in till tbc parliculflnt 
or bis own. was hh Tcr>' gixfd fricadt before ibe coid> 
iniA9iion granted to tJ>e Karl uf Argyie sKuiust Athd 
b)' Ibe C^inmiliec of Estates, and that all tbc raaaoos 
lite depotier liad were in cvoi^-ulion oF the orid cooanb* 
BKMi, and cwpcdaUy for semliiifr of t|>e deponer and 
H liifi co<t]pIicc« to tdinburgh, a>;d rerusin^ to take- cau* 
llflo of tbeiii in Athol, ai)d \a n-fn^mg ilic Jeponcr 

I liberty to ^ to his vwn bouM \ry the way. ant 
bocur Hprv^ii«3 Gpoken by Archibald C'junpbeU agidi 
tile Karl of Athol, wben-by Im^ tould have nnid f lliat 


• Tlii* ih— jftfliw Gattak** ■<Mnii*m iKa« lHawtM wlmMBfalta 
BAtibv4:b 90 ikv 301b of Mir. 

if tl]4*JF^iil Artliilmlil Inicl dght day» time. Ire would ^1 
much agninst tljc Liirl of Atliol an might emJAiiger 
hi* life will c*^lrtto, which the Karl of Argyle hod in his 

Now U WDS on the tUiy fallowing tbet on wliJch the 
ibovc <lt|HJvilioit of John Stcwnrt wa^ etiiiitt-J, timt 
llontro^ ftiid bis friends wctq Utken hy -surpriicc, and 
»eut with piiblic ignominy to the <:;;u^l]e. Vrt 80 far 
WB« Uiat «vii]tnc.^ fi'otn fortifying the wretched tix><b 
prevJon'ly rxlortHl from Wuller Stewart, tlmt it only 
trnded to conlinn the i'aci of Montnwe and hiN friends 
\x^ag iiuiotent of the shndow of n public crime. The 
BiJsrrnhleHtaleof biHty and mind tn whidi John Stewart 
liod been rc^Jiiced, mid hJ!i terror at thr; pioxpeet of his 
fate, cannot be donbi(*iJ nfter the documents now pro- 
duced. Hud he, uudet these cin'utiiBUiicee, cutit all the 
odiuR] of hJH alleged false testimony (u£ Lord Nugent 
ftnd Mr Jlro<lie have done) ujmn Montrt»^e, Uif\ he ao 
euied that uobleinan of instigating him to raiai^ a ca* 
Imaiiy ngiiinst Argyle, for faetiuus |>urj)titie», however 
cagvrly tuch a declaration would huve Imh-ii seized nnd 
acted upon by Argyle, and hia subaerrient Committee, 
moKl nni|iie»tiooably it would have been totally unwor- 
thy of creiill. But, iu his utmost misery. John Stewart 
aoid nothing of the khid. His confessions absolutely 
refute the a^aertion that Monti'one incited or imfmmett 
him to aecvtHe Argyle. Taking tbu^e confenion^ as 
Uwy smiid^ iiliongli rk-urly ^hlnt^osl^ \s not lo be 
'Jad|;i-d by them, \} no more is brougfit out Itmn tliat 

■ nri||lTUil M^K wkfutkvA "John S(pHVfi._IWlfDvriiiu, Tlnindu IIc.|Ih 
t MunlriM«'« n^m iiroiint ni thv m%ttft Kill b* gitva \n ■ aiiliitf* 


ff^fpivtrd bigh ii 

to M 

to atitua tbi 




faM ituouctiofis H'jth ihi 
f» »ii i , tkM Sc«wut, la cdlffrtiBg ihv i^rao^ 
n^cr IPMp wHhm bovadi ihaa excofd. au injuDclkil' 
Ite fwy rrtnve rf «b Mtrrapt or dnire to nliliice 
Mir evidrm. Sirwvtl had pot all tbai bp Icnei 
10 kcov. o# the trea>o&:iblc !ipc«chM 
of Av^tr, in w ritin g , whirti he w> nMnmi 
otH bolb 10 HMtno* md Athol. Ffoin aU tbix ii 
!■■ aatiuii, ooJ oIpo IhwD tb« cobftT^UoQ of Lord Lii 
tmj, mm wiM ■> tbr An^lr fauad vhidi hod brt^n 
M Hoatraot UBatlf for ^i^nilurt, hv had brcoiue aatiE 
iid tboL Arfflv was a tniior 4n the diqpilse of n pi 
triotv — van, m £irt, tbot ebancter b