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" Lives of great men all remind us 

We can make our lives sublime, 
And departing, leave behind us 
Footprints on the sands of time." 


" Yet e'en these bones from insult to protect, 

Some frail memorial still erected nigh, 
With uncouth rhymes and shapeless sculptures decked, 
Implores the passing tribute of a sigh." 



r\ (o2> 


IN completing the second volume of this work, the 
author closes a task which has upwards of eleven years 
occupied his attention. Reviewing his performance, he 
could have wished that his labours had been more fruitful, 
and that the work had presented the monumental records 
of every Scottish parish. As it is, the omissions are 
not very numerous ; while a necrological register has been 
produced ampler than any existing heretofore. 

When the author entered upon his undertaking, he 
sought to awaken public attention to the degraded .con- 
dition of country churchyards. As local reporters were 
generally reluctant to compromise parochial honour, he 
was led to abandon this part of his enterprise, not 
however before collecting some strange facts. Of these 
a few may be related. At New Machar, Aberdeen- 
shire, the peasantry obtain their winter fuel by storing 
up portions of decayed coffins from the churchyard. 
During the summer of 1862 the parish schoolmaster of 
Ellon was obliged to cease teaching, owing to his school- 
room which adjoined the churchyard, being saturated 



with the exhalations of mortality. In the churchyard of 
Gamrie, overlooking the Moray Frith, bones, fragments 
of coffins, and portions of gravestones are strewn about. 
The parochial sextons of Lewis and North Uist per- 
form interments within six inches of the surface, the 
coffins after a heavy shower being frequently exposed. 
The churchyard of Sandwich, in Orkney, is part of 
an undrained marsh, and at interments coffins are 
plunged into the water which fills every new-made 
grave. These facts require no comment. 

Additional to those to whom he formerly expressed 
his obligations, the author cannot deny himself the satis- 
faction of mentioning the considerable assistance he has 
received from, papers on the graveyards of the north 
eastern counties prepared by Mr. Jervise. The author 
learns with pleasure that Mr. Jervise contemplates a 
separate publication. His work should have a place in 
the library of every Scottish archaeologist. 


October, 1872. 

















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IN Milport churchyard, Isle of Cumbray, the gravestone of the 
Eev. James Adam, minister of the parish, is inscribed thus : 

" Fideles moralis et inuuptus 
Sine natis, sine curis, 
Vixit, obit et surget. 

" Tho' here on a damp cold bed he lies, 
Without a friend to close his eyes ; 
Wrapt in his usual unsocial pride, 
Indifferent to all the world beside. 

" Sed quid sunt est vel erit 
Magnus dies declarabit." 

Mr. Adam was some time a bookseller in Glasgow. He was 
ordained minister of Cumbray in 1799, and died unmarried 25th 
June, 1831, in his eighty-third year. Among other donations for 
charitable purposes he bequeathed 1,100 to establish three 
bursaries or exhibitions in connection with the University o 



In Milport Churchyard James Wood has engraved on his father's 
tombstone these lines : 

" All you that walk among the tombs, 

Above the silent clay, 
Consider how you've spent your time, 

To fit you for this way. 
That mortal man returns to dust, 

Experience lets us see, 
The high, the low, the rich, the poor, 

Must lie as low as me." 

John McHaffie has thus celebrated his departed wife : 

" Farewell, my Helen dear ! thy heavenly mind, 
Happy in life, was yet in death resign'd. 
Upright, sincere, and in thy sphere of life, 
A kind and faithful daughter, sister, wife, 
In youth and hope cut down, thy tomb aloud 
Proclaims, ' Prepare thee for an early shroud.' " 

In these lines James Forty commemorates his infant son : 


" Awake, you breathless little ones, 
And meet your Saviour when he comes; 
Though for a time you do sleep here, 
With Christ your Shepherd you'll appear, 
And follow him to Immanuel's land, 
With palms of victory in your hand. 
Oh ! glorious sight for to be seen, 
Those lovely babes following their King ! " 


Near the entrance of the churchyard is a horizontal slab, sculp- 
tuied with a floral cross and two-handed sword. No history or 
tradition is associated with it. An adjacent stone representing 
the figure of a kilted Highlander, with a sword by his side, is 
believed to commemorate two petty landowners, Walter Fion and 


Duncan Tait, who, through the misrepresentation of a worthless 
person named McNish, were led to engage in mortal combat. 
Both fell, and were buried in the same grave. 

The Fullertons, of Kilmichael, inter in this churchyard. John 
Fullerton, who died in 1784, has these lines upon his tombstone: 

" This was the man who, free from toil and strife, 
In his own ground did pass his peaceful life." 

A monumental slab, bearing date 15th April, 1747, commemo- 
rates Nugent Kerr, " son to Robert Kerr, Director of His Majesty's 
Chancellary of Scotland." The family of Kerr is represented by 
the Marquis of Lothian. 


At the clachan of Shisken, an old churchyard contains the grave 
of Saint Molio, "the bareheaded servant of Jesus." This saint 
originally resided at Lamlash; he subsequently removed to Shisken, 
and died here, as is alleged, at the age of 120. On the stone which 
covers his grave is sculptured a representation of the saint in the 
robes of a mitred abbot, with a pastoral staff by his side and a 
chalice in his hands.* It was a former custom that females after 
their confinement visited St. Molio's grave, and there in token of 
gratitude deposited a silver coin or some other offering. 


"Within the burial enclosure which surrounds the parish church 
stands the choir of St. Mary's Cathedral. On the south side of the 
choir, under a low Gothic arch, is the recumbent figure of a knight 

* McArthur's "Antiquities of Arran," p. 188. Glasgow, 161. 8vo. 


in armour extended on a tomb. From the coat of arms on the 
tomb it is certain that the deceased knight belonged to the Itoyal 
House. According to the most probable conjecture, the monument 
was reared by Eobert II. in honour of his father, Walter the 
eighth High Steward, who married the daughter of Robert the 
Bruce. Walter the High Steward died at Bathgate in 1327 or 

In the north wall of the choir, under a canopy, is a female figure 
in low relief ; also the figure of a child in a loose robe. The base 
of the monument is divided into eight compartments, which are 
occupied by an equal number of small figures. An effigy in the 
area of the choir, holding a sword and a bat-shaped shield, is sup- 
posed to belong to the early portion of the thirteenth century, when 
Angus, son of Somerled, Lord of Argyll, held the manor of Bute.f 

The family mausoleum of the Marquis of Bute stands near the 
parish church on its north side. Here are interred James first 
Earl of Bute, who died in 1710, James, second earl, who died 
28th January, 1723, and John, third earl, the celebrated statesman, 
who died 19th March, 1792. The last nobleman was born in 1713. 
He took part in the education of George III., and became His 
Majesty's Prime Minister in May, 1762. Owing to an unpopu- 
larity, which was in many respects unmerited, he retired from 
office in February, 1763 ; he thereafter devoted himself to literary 
and scientific studies. He was a patron of men of learning. 
Through his recommendation State pensions were bestowed on 
Dr. Samuel Johnson and John Home, the author of "Douglas." 
The architects George and Eobert Adam were indebted to his 
patronage. He printed a work on British plants, in nine quarto 
volumes. He was president of many of the learned societies, 
Chancellor of Marischal College, Aberdeen, and a Trustee of the 
British Museum. 

At the north-east corner of the churchyard a monumental cross 

* For an elaborate and ingenious paperon this tomb, by J. C. Roger, see " Proceedings 
of Society of Antiquaries of Scotland," ii. 46ti 481. 
t " Proceedings of Scot. Soc. of Antiquaries," ii., 475. 


denotes the resting-place of Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford, D.C.L., 
Professor of Greek in the University of Glasgow, and M.P. for 
Paisley. This eminent individual was son of Bishop Sandford, 
of Edinburgh (VoL I., 78), and was born in that city on the 3rd 
February, 1798. Having studied at Oxford, where he acquired 
distinction, he was in 1821 elected to the Greek chair in the 
University of Glasgow. In 1830 he received the honour of knight- 
hood. In 1834 he was elected M.P. for Paisley ; but owing to 
failing health, he soon retired from his parliamentary duties. He 
died at Glasgow, of fever, on the 4th February, 1838, at the age of 
forty. He composed an "Essay on the Kise and Progress of 
Literature," and other works. 

Among the more notable persons commemorated in the church- 
yard are the Eev. Archibald McLea, D.D., minister of the parish, 
who died 12th April, 1824, aged eighty-seven; the Eev. Eobert 
Craig, Minister of the Free Church, Eothesay, who died 26th May, 
1860, aged sixty-eight; and Archibald M'Indoe and Dugald Munn, 
both provosts of the burgh. 

On a tombstone bearing date 1828, Archibald Black, cooper 
thus celebrates his parents : 

" Station obscure and moral worth 
Need no monumental fame ; 
Duty alone this stone did rear, 
To mark the spot and bear the name." 

William Stewart, shipmaster, who died in 1829, has on his 
gravestone these lines : 

" Turn, Christian, turn, thy soul apply 
To truths divinely given, 
The bones that underneath do lie 
Shall live for hell or heaven." 

In the retired churchyard of Ascog a mural tablet commemo- 
rates Montague Stanley, a short-lived and ingenious artist. 




IN the church and churchyard of Ardchattau Priory, founded in 
1231, are several inscribed tombstones. One in the centre of the 
church contains, in Saxon characters, these words 

"Funallus Somherle Macdougalallus, Prior de Ardchattan 

At the south-east corner of the church a flat stone contains the 
following inscription : 

" Hie jacet venerandus et egregius vir Rodericus Alexander, 
Rector quondam Funnanni Insulse, qui obiit anno dom. 

Within the church at the east end of the northern wall a monu- 
ment surmounting a stone coffin represents two dignified church- 
men in monastic costume, a warrior in mail armour, and two 
weeping nuns, between, a human skeleton. The following inscrip- 
tion, in old Irish characters, occupies the sides and margin : 

" Hie jacent nati Somerledi Macdougall Duncanus et Dugallus, 
hujus monasterii successive priores, una cum eomndem patre, matre 
et fratre Alano, quorum Dugallus hujus nionumenti fabricator, obiit 
anno Domini, MCCCCCII." 

In the family burial-ground at Ardchattan, a monumental stone 
commemorates Patrick Campbell of Inverzeldies. It is thus in- 
scribed : 

" Hie . jacet . Patricius Campbell . de . Inverzeldies . qui . obiit. 
veg . prim . die . Martis . anno . dom . 1678 . anno act. 86. 


" Vir probus hie situs est, cautus, providus, per honestus, 
Judicio claro promptus et ingenio. In apothymatibus 
Communis sermo fluebat 
Facta suis dictis consona semper erant 
Prole, parente, toro, rebus, virtute, senecta, 
Justitia, et meritis, laude, beatus obiit." 

Mr. Campbell's younger son, the Rev. Colin Campbell, was minister 
of the parish from 1667 till his death, 13th March, 1726. An 
eminent mathematician and astronomer, he conducted a corres- 
pondence in Latin with Sir Isaac Newton, who remarked of him 
to Dr Gregory, " Were he amongst us he would make children of 
us all." He was ancestor of the family of Barcaldine. 


Within the church of Loland, now roofless, rest the remains of 
Elizabeth, wife of Archibald, first Duke of Argyll, and daughter of 
Sir Lionel Talmash of Helmington, Staffordshire. She died in 
May, 1735. Her eldest son was the celebrated John Duke of 
Argyll and Greenwich. 

In the parish churchyard a tombstone commemorates Dr. John 
Smith, minister of the parish, who died 26th June, 1807, in the 
60th year of his age, and thirty-second of his ministry. A distin- 
guished Gaelic scholar, Dr. Smith, assisted in translating the Scrip- 
tures into that language. The published " Gaelic Antiquities/' and 
various theological and other works. 

The following metrical epitaphs are from Campbelton church- 
yard : 

" This little spot is all I've got, 
And all that kings acquire, 
My home's above, a gift of love, 
O reader, there aspire. 

" His God to him was good, 
And gifts him did bestow ; 
And he no chorle here prov'd 
To neither high nor low. 


" From stately palaces we remove 
The narrow lodging of a grave to prove ; 
Leave the fair train and the light gilded room, 
To lie alone, benighted in the tomb : 
God only is immortal, man not so, 
Life to be paid upon demand we owe." 

In the old Gaelic church was interred Campbell " Captain of 
Skipness." This valiant soldier was a powerful opponent of the 
Marquis of Montrose, and was present at the battle of Philiphaugh. 
He fell at the siege of the castle of Dunaverty. A stone which 
covered his grave formerly bore these lines : 

" A Captain much renowned 
Whose cause of fight was still Christ's right, 
For which his soul is crowned. 
So breifly then to know the man 
This stone tells all the storie ; 
On earth his race he ran with grace 
In Heaven he reigns in glory." 


Within the walls of the old church of St. Oran are several 
ancient monuments, with the inscriptions obliterated. A marble 
pillar is inscribed thus : 

" Hie jacet Malcolumbus Mac-Duffie de Collonsay." 

The clan Macduff formerly possessed a portion of the islands 
Colonsay and Oronsay. 


In the valley of Barbreck, near Drimree, Olave, a Dane, and the 
Scottish king engaged in single combat. Olave fell, and a tumulus 
marks his grave. A grey stone denotes the spot where Ulric, a 
Danish general, was slain. 



In Dunoon churchyard are a number of ancient tombstones 
variously sculptured, but without inscriptions. The modern tomb- 
stone of a blacksmith bears these lines 

" By hammer and hand 
All airts do stand." 

At Kilmun is the family burying-place of the Duke of Argyle. 
Here were deposited the remains of Archibald, eighth Earl and 
first Marquis of Argyle, who was executed at Edinburgh, 27th 
May, 1661. 


On a conical eminence in the vale of Glenorchay a monument 
celebrates Duncan Ban Macintyre, the eminent Gaelic poet. 
The monument is built of grey granite, and is constructed so as 
to resemble a Druidical temple. On a massive basement, twenty 
feet square, rest twelve square monoliths in circular form, and 
supported by a canopy. The entire height is forty feet. Mac- 
intyre was born on the farm of Drumliart in Glenorchay, on the 
20th March, 1724. He died at Edinburgh in May, 1812, and his 
remains were consigned to the Greyfriars' churchyard (Vol. I., 43). 
His chief poem is Bendourain, or the Otter Mount. 


Within the burgh, at the end of the principal street, a stone 
cross bears, in Lombardic characters, the following inscription : 

" Hsec est crux nobilium virorum videlicet Dondcani M'Engyl- 
lichomghan Patrici filii ejus et Maelmore filii Patrici qui haiic 
crucem fieri faciebat." 


The cross was brought from lona. 

Near the parish church a simple monument of chlorite com- 
memorates seventeen gentlemen of the name of Campbell, who 
were executed by the government of James VII. during the three 
years which preceded the Ee volution. 


The chapel of the nunnery which alone remains of that religious 
establishment contains forty-eight monumental stones, nearly all 
uninscribed. The oldest tombstone, so far as can be ascertained, 
bears date 1543; it is situated at the east end of the chapel, and 
is believed to commemorate the last prioress, the Princess Anne. 
On one portion of the surface is the figure of the prioress, an angel 
supporting her head on each side, surmounted by a mirror and 
comb. The other half (now broken off ) exhibited the figure of the 
Virgin Mary, with head crowned and mitred the child in her 
arms, and the sun and moon above her head. In Saxon characters 
there is the following inscription : 

" Hie jacet Domina Anna Donaldi Terliti, filia 
quondam Priorissa de lona quo obiit anno m d xliii ejus 
auimam Altissimo commendamus. Sancta Maria, ora pro me." 

In the chapel of the Nunnery, a mutilated stone is thus 

" Hie jacet Mariota filia Johannis Lauchlani Domini de." 

The nunnery was founded not earlier than the twelfth century, 
monastic establishments for women forming no part of the religious 
system of Columba. In Eomish times ladies of rank were buried 
in the Nunnery chapel. 

According to tradition 360 stone crosses were erected as votive 


offerings in different parts of the island. Two only are entire. 
These are known as Maclean's and St. Martin's crosses. Maclean's 
Cross (situated midway between the monastery and the granary), 
is evidently the more ancient. It is supposed to suit the descrip- 
tion of one which stood in the same locality in the time of Columba, 
as described by Adamrian. On both sides it is decorated with a 
profusion of carved work. On one side of the circle from which 
the arms project is a rude representation of the crucifixion. The 
figure on the cross is clothed in a long robe with loose sleeves, and 
girt round the waist with a belt. On one arm of the cross is 
sculptured the sacramental chalice, and a cruciform figure on the 
other. It consists of a single stone of trap rock, and stands eleven 
feet high, raised on a pedestal of granite. 

St. Martin's Cross stands at a short distance to the south of the 
other. It is a solid column of mica schist, fourteen feet high, 
eighteen inches broad, and six inches thick. It is fixed in a 
massive pedestal of red granite. On its western front the cross 
represents on the upper part six lions with tails entwined. A lion 
or other quadruped occupies each arm of the cross. In the centre 
is a rude representation of the Virgin and child, with four cherubs. 
On the stem appear a priest administering the right of baptism, 
two musicians, one playing the harp and the other using a wind 
instrument, and a man erect shaking hands with another sitting 
on a stool. Besides other representations, there are at the base six 
granulated balls, entwined by twelve serpents. 

Reilig Ourain, the burial-place of Oran, is the grand cemetery 
of the island. In this place of sepulture were interred, according 
to an early tradition, forty kings of Scotland, two Irish monarchs, 
a French king, and two Irish princes of the Norwegian race. The 
last kings who here found sepulchres were Duncan I., slain in 1034, 
and his assassin and successor the celebrated Macbeth. The 
Macdonalds, Lords of the Isles, also interred in Eeilig Ourain. 
The graves are arranged in nine rows. Of these, the third from 
the entrance, is the Eidge of Kings. According to Dean Monro, 
who wrote in 1549, the Royal tombs were then covered by three 


small chapels of which portions of the foundations only remain.* 
From the recumbent tombstones every vestige of inscriptions has 
long been obliterated. An elegant monumental sculpture cele- 
brates four priors of lona. In old English characters it presents 
the following inscription : 

" Hie jacent quatuor priores de Y ex una natione, v. Johannes, 
Hugonius, Patricius, in decretis, olim Bacularius et alter Hugonius, 
qui obiit anno domini millesimo quiugentesirno."t 

In Oran's burial-place three sculptured stones commemorate 
McLean of Duart, McLean of Coll, and McLean of Loch Buy. 
The first is represented in armour, with a spear in his right hand, 
and a greyhound at his feet. McLean of Coll is in the act of 
drawing his sword, while on .either side of his head is the figure of 
an angel, one armed with a sword. McLean of Loch Buy is 
buckling his sword. There is a tradition that he was a parricide, 
and that his headless body was wont to appear to those members 
of his House who were at the point of death. Dr. John Beton, one 
of the Betons in Pennycross in Mull, a family of eminent physi- 
cians, who died in 1567, is commemorated by a mural tablet, thus 
inscribed : 

" Ecce cadit jaculo victrici mortis iniquse, 
Qui toties alios solverat ipse malis. 
Soli Deo gloria."J 

* These chapels covered the remains of the kings of Scotland and of Ireland and 
of the Norwegian princes respertively. Of the Scottish monarchs interred in lona, 
sixteen were of the race of Alpin. Malcolm Canmore, who succeeded Macheth, 
removed the hurial-place of the kings to Dunfermline. According to the Annals of 
Ulster, Beatus Nial, King of Ireland, having abdicated his kingdom, died at lona in 
765 ; and B. Artgall McCatheld, King of Connaught, who likewise abdicated, died at 
lona in 786. In his " Notitia Hybernite," Dr. Keating states that Cormac McAird, 
one of the kings of Ireland, was buried here. According to the Annals of Ulster, 
Amulabh or Aulay, son of Stirich, Prince of the Normen of Dublin, on his defeat at 
the Battle of Tarah, in 980, sought refuge in lona, where he died. 

t Translation : Here lie four priors of Y (lona), all of one clan, viz., John, 
Eugene, Patrick, formerly bachelor in degrees, and a second Eugene, who died in the 
year of our Lord 1500. 

+ Translation : Behold ! he who saved so many others fiom ills, himse'.f falls 
by the conquering dart of wicked death. Glory to God alone. 


The cemetery contains 159 tombstones, of which the greater 
number are broken and illegible. In 1833 the members of the 
lona Club made a search under the surface, and brought up several 
tombstones elegantly sculptured. Two bishops' tombs, in good 
preservation, are uninscribed. Some fragments of tombstones 
denote that numbers of the Macleods and Macdonalds had been 
interred in the ground. 

The roofless chapel of St. Oran adjoins the cemetery. Sixty feet 
long and twenty-two feet broad within the walls, it is filled with 
monuments. A triple arch in the wall forms the canopy of a tomb, 
which, according to tradition, celebrates St. Oran. Near the arch, 
is the tomb of Macdonald, Lord of the Isles. On the upper part 
is a galley with furled sails. The following inscription is en- 
graved in antique characters : 

" Hie jacet corpus Angusii, fili Domini Angusii, MacDomnill de Ila." 

Angus, son of Sir Angus Macdonald, thus commemorated, was 
known by the name of Angus Og, or Young Angus. He was a 
friend of Eobert the Bruce in the time of his greatest distress, and 
is the hero of Sir Walter Scott's " Lord of the Isles." His genea- 
logy is presented in the notes to that poem. 

An elaborately-decorated tomb in the centre of the chapel cele- 
brates McQuarrie, of Ulva. The chieftain is sculptured in full 
armour, but the inscription is nearly effaced. Adjoining is the 
tomb of McLean, of Grulin, adorned with various sculptures. 

Under the triple arch lies the lower part of the Abbot Mac- 
kinnon's Cross. It is inscribed : 

"Haec est crux Lachlani Mac Fingone et ejus filii Johannis, 
Abbatis de Hy. Facta anno doniini MCCCCLXXXIX."* 

St. Mary's, or the Abbey Church of lona, seems to have been 
completed in the twelfth century. On the north side of the altar 

* Translation : This is the cross of Lachlan Mackinnon, and his son John, 
Abbot of Hy (lona), made in the year of our Lord 1489. 


is the tomb of the Abbot Mackinnon. Around the recumbent 
figure of the abbot is the following inscription : 

" Hie jacet Johannes Mac-Fingone, Abbas de Hy, que obiit anno 
domini millesimo quingentessimo, cujus aninise propitietur Deus 
altissimus. Amen."* 

South of the chancel is the tomb of Abbot Kenneth Mackenzie, 
much defaced. In the centre of the chancel a large tombstone 
commemorates a Macleod of Macleod. Another tombstone in the 
chancel celebrates Maclean of Ross, in MulL His head with 
bearded face rests upon a pillow, and a dog crouches at his feet ; he 
is girded with a shield and claymore, and holds a spear in his right 
hand. From the other monumental sculptures in St. Mary's 
Church the inscriptions have disappeared. 


In the parish church a handsome marble monument, erected by 
the heritors and kirksession, commemorates the generosity of 
Colonel Norman Macalister, of Clachaig, Governor and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of Prince of Wales' Island, East Indies, who 
bequeathed 1,000 to the parochial poor. Colonel Macalister was 
drowned in 1810, on his voyage to Britain. 


Near the church of Lismore a plain stone, with a two-handed 
sword engraved upon it, denotes the grave of Donald Stewart, 
known as JDomhnull nan ord, Donald of the hammer. During his 

Translation : Here lies John Mackinnon, Abbot of lona, who died in the year 
of our Lord 1500, to whose soul may the most high God be merciful. 


infancy his family, the Stewarts of Invernahyle, were cut off by 
the Campbells of Dunstaffnage ; but he escaped through the 
fidelity of his nurse, who fled with him to Ardnamurchan, where 
her husband, a blacksmith, resided. Informed of his descent when 
he attained to manhood, he formed a party, and proceeding with 
them to Dunstaffnage, slew Carlein Uaine and fifteen of his 
retainers. Till his death he waged war against the Campbells. 
Donald of the Hammer lived early in the seventeenth century. 


In the churchyard of the monastery are a number of ancient 
monuments, variously sculptured, but uninscribed. A Lord of the 
Isles is commemorated by the figure of a warrior, girt with a 
two-handed sword. There is the tombstone of an abbot in his 
pontifical robes and in the attitude of prayer. The inscription is 
illegible. Mackay, a warrior to whom Robert the Bruce made a 
grant of the lands of Ugadale, is commemorated by his figure on 
a gravestone. In this churchyard rest the remains of Archibald 
Campbell, of Carradale, who fell at the battle of Inverlochy, when 
engaged with the forces of Montrose. 


In the roofless chapel of Kilmory stands an interesting monu- 
ment, known as the Macmillan Cross. The shaft is eight feet in 
height, and the pedestal consists of several stones loosely put 
together and resting on the ground. On the upper portion of one 
side the cross presents a representation of the crucifixion. The 
shaft is sculptured with a broadsword, enclosed in chain moulding. 
On the opposite side the upper part is decorated with a series of 


intertwisted lines, while the shaft represents the progress of a 
deer chase. On the base, in Saxon characters, are inscribed these 

words : 

" Haec crux Alexandri MacMulen." 

The sept Mac Mullen formerly possessed lands in the district. 
In the churchyard of Kilmory are a number of flat gravestones 
sculptured with swords and shears, emblems common to ancient 
tombstones in the Western Highlands. 




A Tuscan column on the banks of the Leven commemorates 
Tobias Smollett, M.D., the historian and novelist. The inscription, 
prepared by the joint labours of Professor George Stuart, of Edin- 
burgh, John Eamsay, of Ochtertyre, and Dr. Samuel Johnson, is 

as follows : 

" Siste, viator ! 

Si lepores ingeniique venam benignam, 
Si morum callidissimum pictorem, 

Unquam es miratus, 

Immorare paululum memorise 


Viri virtutibus hisce 

Quas in homine et cive 

Et laudes et imiteris, 

Haud mediocriter ornati : 

Qui in literis variis versatus, 

Postquam felicitate sibi propria, 

Sese posteris commendaverat, 

Morte acerba raptus, 

Anno eetatis 51. 

Eheu ! quam procul a patria ! 

Prope Liburni portum in Italia, 

Jacet sepultus. 
Tali tantoque viro patrueli suo, 

Cui in decursu lampada, 
Se potuis tradidisse decuit, 

Hanc Columnam. 
Amoris, eheu ! inane monumentum, 

In ipsis Levinise ripis, 

Quas versiculis sub exitu vitae Ulustratas 

Primis infans vagitibus personuit, 

Ponendam curavit 


Jacobus Smollet de Bonhill 

Abi et reminiscere 

Hoc quidem honore 

Non modo defuncti memorise, 

.Verum etiam exemplo, prospectum esse ; 

Aliis enim, si modo digni sint 

Idem erit virtutis praemium!" 

Dr. Smollett was born in 1721, at Dalquhurn, in the parish of 
Cardross. He studied at the University of Glasgow, and obtained 
licence as a surgeon. Thrown on his own resources by the death 
of his grandfather, Sir James Smollett, who, owing to the early 
death of his father, attended to his education, he proceeded to 
London, in the hope of obtaining professional employment. In 
1741 he was appointed surgeon on board a man-of-war, which 
joined the expedition to Carthagena. Quitting the naval service, 
and entering upon matrimony, he in 1746 returned to London. 
His first and most popular novel, " Eoderick Kandom," appeared in 
1748; it was followed in 1750 by "Peregrine Pickle." He 
attempted medical practice at Bath, but not succeeding, took up 
his residence at Chelsea, In 1753 he published " Count Fathom," 
which was followed in 1755 by his translation of "Don Quixote." 
His subsequent principal publications were " The Adventures of 
Sir Lancelot Greaves," " The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker," 
" Travels through France and Italy," and his " History of England." 
For some time he edited the Critical Review. He published 
several elegant poems, and " The Eeprisal," a farce, which was 
performed in Drury Lane Theatre. Dr. Smollett died on the 21st 
October, 1774, at Monte Nuovo, near Leghorn, at the age of fifty- 
three. His monument was raised by his cousin, Mr. Smollett, of 


In the parish churchyard a handsome monument, in honour of 
\Yilliam Scrogie, Bishop of Argyle, is inscribed thus : 


"D. Gulielmi Scrogii episcopi Lismorensis meritissimi, memoriae 

Stemmate de docto, dedit incunabula et artes, 

Doctorum genitrix alma Abredona viro. 
Primitiis fruitur felix Eathvena laborum ; 

Hie radiosa micant ars pietasque diu. 
Hinc mitram meruisse datum ; Lismora triumphis 

Praesulis eloquii nobilitata sui. 
Omnibus officiis bene functus, inutile tempus 

Sprevit et (hac lasso corpore) Isetus obit. 
Spiritus, alta petens, comprendit jubila cceli ; 

Ossa, sub hoc tumulo (mox animanda) manent, 
Exuvias mortalitatis posuit 6 cal. Feb. anno Dom. 1678." 

Bishop Scrogie was son of Dr. Alexander Scrogie, minister of 
Old Machar, Aberdeenshire. He was admitted minister of Eath- 
ven before 1650, and consecrated Bishop of Argyle in 1666. 

A mortuary enclosure denotes the family burying-place of Mr. 
Eobert Napier, of Shandon. 

In the cemetery a monument, erected by working men, celebrates 
William Denny, shipbuilder ; it bears these lines : 

" Genius and worth sleep in this honoured grave : 
Here the quick brain the active fingers lie ; 
But his mind's offspring proudly breast the wave 
On every sea where Britain's colours fly. 


A monumental stone in the parish churchyard is, by a popular 
fiction, described as the tomb of St. Patrick, the apostle of Ireland. 
It presents the sculptured effigies of a knight in armour, and be- 
longs to the fourteenth century. 

At the old ruin of Dunglass Castle, near Bowling, an obelisk, 
reared by public subscription, commemorates Henry Bell, the first 
constructor of steamboats. This ingenious person was born at 
Torphichen, Linlithgowshire, on the 7th April, 1767. Originally 


apprenticed to a mason, he subsequently became a millwright and 
engineer. For some time he was employed in London, under the 
celebrated Eennie. In 1800 he submitted to Lord Melville his 
plans on steamboat propulsion, but the scheme was rejected by the 
Admiralty. In 1811 he had his small steamer, the Comet, con- 
structed at Port Glasgow. It was launched in 1812, and, though 
only making some six miles an hour, it proved the pioneer of a 
system which has revolutionized navigation. Mr. Bell was unre- 
warded till a late period of his life, when he received an annuity of 
100 from the Clyde Trustees. He died 14th November, 1830, 
aged sixty-three. His remains were interred in the churchyard of 
Row, and in the church of that parish a monumental statue has 
been erected to his memory. 


A granite obelisk in the Old Isle churchyard, reared by public 
subscription, celebrates David Gray, author of " The Luggie, and 
other Poems." This ingenious and short-lived poet was born on 
the 29th January, 1838, at Duutiblae, on the banks of the Luggie. 
His father, who was a hand-loom weaver, sent him to the 
University of Glasgow, with a view to the ministry. He early 
wrote verses, and contributed these and prose compositions to the 
local journals. In the hope of bettering his circumstances he in 
1860 proceeded to London. Through the favour of Mr. Monckton 
Milnes he there procured literary employment, but his health broke 
down. He died of consumption at his father's house, Merkland, 
Kirkintilloch, on the 3rd December, 1861, aged twenty-four. His 
poems were published posthumously. 

In the parish churchyard a tombstone commemorates a member 
of the old family of Gartshore, of that ilk. It is thus inscribed : 

" Memoriae sacrum Joannis Gartshore de Gartshore. Obiit hrec 
vitae die viginti Decembris, anno Domini MDCCCV. 


Tombstones commemorate John Gray, of Condarot, who died in 
1741 ; James Gray, of Auchingiech, who died in 1733 ; and John 
Bankier, portioner, Kirkintilloch, who died in 1770. 


In the parish churchyard are exhibited three ancient stone 
coffins, which are unassociated with any history or tradition. 

The old chapel at Eossdhu constitutes the family burial-place of 
Sir James Colquhoun, Bart., of Luss. 

The chapel contains a figure of Saint Kessog, the tutelary saint 
of the district. According to tradition this saint was buried in the 




In the parish churchyard an ancient aisle constitutes the burial- 
place of the noble family of Elphinstone. Several of the Barons 
Elphinstone were here interred. 

The churchyard also contains the family vault of the Earls of 
Dunmore. George, fifth Earl of Dunmore, who died llth November, 
1836, was buried here. By his widow, Susan, daughter of Archi- 
bald, ninth Duke of Hamilton, a monument was erected to his 
memory. It bears these lines : 

" Oft to this spot will memory fondly turn, 
And love's pure 'flame still unextinguished burn 
Within her breast who here doth mourn his loss, 
But nails her sorrows to a Saviour's cross. 
O precious hope ! by faith to mortals given, 
That twining hearts, which have on earth been riven, 
May through that same dear Saviour's pleading love 
Again unite in realms of bliss above." 


A monument commemorates Alexander Bruce, of Airth; it is 
thus inscribed : 

" M. S. Alexandra Brussio, ex Roberti Brussii Scotoruin regis filio 
natu secundo, progenito, baroni Airthensi. Primum in Belgio per 
annos XLII. Dein in Anglia pro tribuno regio. Viro cum strenvo 
turn pientissimo ; aetatis, anno LVI. vitaque siinvl defvncto, 
A.D. XVII. kal. Oct. CIODCXLII. G. Lauderus affinis, M.P. 

Brussius hie sitvs est ; pietate an clarior armis, 
Incertum est ; certum regibus ortus avis. 


Heer lyes a branche of Brusse's noble stem, 

Airth's baron, whose high worth did svte that name. 

Holland his courage, honovred Spain did feare 

The Sweeds in Fvnen bought the trial deare. 

At last his prince's service called him home, 

To die on Thames his bank, and leave this tombe, 

To bear his name unto posteritie, 

And make all braue men loue his memorie." 

The family of Airth were descended from Sir Eobert Bruce, of 
Clackmannan, who married Janet, daughter of Alexander, fifth 
Lord Livingstone. 

The Rev. John McG-achan, who died minister of the parish in 
May, 1843, has celebrated his spouse (a daughter of John Ross, of 
Balgersho) in these lines : 

" One by one love's links are broken, 
One by one our friends depart, 
Voices that have kindly spoken, 

Heart that throbbed to kindred heart. 

" Shed not for her the bitter tear, 

Nor give the heart to vain regret ; 
'Tis but the casket that lies here, 
The gem that filled it sparkles yet." 

A tailor is thus commemorated : 

" Happie is he who * dies 

With a good nane * 
Thowgh volwnes be * not 
Written of his ' fane." 


In a vault of the parish church a tombstone is inscribed as 
follows : 

" Parenti optimo, Carolo Areskine, Car. Areskine de Alva, 
equitis, filio, qui, juventute, doctrina plurimum exculta ; setate 


provectior, in jure respondendo dicundoque feliciter versatus ; 
senectute serena placidus, suininis in republica muneribus, ad 
LXXXIII, usque annum, gnaviter expletis. Vita honorifica satur, 
in sede tandem avita, ossa juxta paterna, heic lubeus quiescit. 
Carolo quoque, fratri multum desiderate, familisc suae, patrioque, si 
fata tulissent, decori eximio ; Londini, in sedicula ccenobii Lincoln- 
ensis, sepulto, H.M.P.C. Jacobus Erskine. 1763." 

Charles Erskine was third son of Sir Charles Erskine, Bart., of 
Alva, and his wife, Christian, daughter of Sir James Dundas, of 
Arniston. Born in 1680, he was in his thirtieth year appointed 
one of the four regents of the University of Edinburgh. He passed 
Advocate in 1711, and was elected M.P. for Dumfriesshire in 1722. 
He was Solicitor-General in 1725, and Lord Advocate in 1737. 
He was raised to the Bench, with the judicial title of Lord Tin- 
wald, in 1744, and appointed Lord Justice-Clerk in 1748. He 
died at Edinburgh on the 5th April, 1763. Other members of the 
Erskine family are buried in the vault. 

In Alva Churchyard an elegant mausoleum constitutes the 
family burial-place of Johnstone of Alva. 


In 1810 a monument was reared in honour of John Bell, of 
Antermony, author of " Travels in Russia." 

In the churchyard tombstones commemorate " James Kinkaid, 
of that ilk," who died in 1604 ; and "James Kinkaid, of that ilk," 
who died in 1606. The family of Kincaid is represented by the 
Hon. C. S. B. H. Kincaid Lennox, of Woodhead and Kincaid. 

A martyr for the Covenant is celebrated thus : 

"William Buick, who suffered at Glasgow, June 14, 1633, for 
his adherence to the word of God and Scotland's covenanted work 
of reformation. 

Underneath this stone doth lie 

Dust sacrificed to tyranny ; 


Yea, precious in Immanuel's sight, 
Since martyred for His kingly right." 

On the tombstone of a miller are these lines : 

" Eternity is 

A wheel that turns, 
A wheel that turned ever, 

A wheel that turns, 
And will leave turning never." 


In the parish churchyard a tombstone celebrates the worth and 
ministerial fidelity of the Rev. Duncan Macfarlan, minister of the 
parish, who died 30th June, 1791, in the eighty-fourth year of his 
age, and forty-ninth of his ministry. His son, Duncan, who suc- 
ceeded him in the cure, became Principal of Glasgow College (Vol. 
I., 479). 

From a tombstone in the churchyard we have the following : 

" Here lie two sisters and a Brother, 
Who pleasantly liv'd with each other ; 
For God anew did them create, 
And in their death not separate. 
Their dusty part does here remain 
Till Christ, their Head, do come again 
To call them hence to reunite 
Their souls and bodies full complete, 
That they His praises ay may sing 
To Him as their immortal King, 
Who hath redeem'd them by His blood, 
And made them kings and priests to God. 
O Lord, the sin of their fond Mother 
Forgive through Christ, our elder Brother, 
Who fondly wished they might not go, 
But dwell with her still here below, 
Until she pass through Jordan's deep, 
There in Christ's arms to fall asleep ; 
Her soul to sing forth His praise 
Through eternal ages, endless days." 



A monumental statue of Arthur, Duke of Wellington, reared by 
public subscription, occupies a prominent position in the burgh. 

The parish churchyard contains several interesting memorial 
stones. A monument, consisting of three flat stones placed hori- 
zontally, and kept slightly apart by intervening supports, celebrates 
Sir John de Graham, second son of the knight of Dundaff, and the 
chief friend of the patriot Wallace, who fell at the battle of Fal- 
kirk, 22nd July, 1298. The original monument, a plain slab, was 
placed by Wallace himself ; a second slab, with a renewed inscrip- 
tion, was afterwards added, while the uppermost stone, raising the 
monument to the height of three feet from the surface, was erected 
in 1772 by William Graham, of Airth. The uppermost stone con- 
tains the following inscription, believed to have been transcribed 
from the original slab, and composed by Wallace : 

" Mente manuque potens, et Valise fidus Achates, 
Conditur hie Gramus, bello interfectus ab Anglis." 

The following lines are engraved lengthways on the stone, two 
lines being along each of the side margins : 

" Here lys 

Sir John the Grame, baith wight and wise, 
Ane of the chiefs reskewit Scotland thrise ; 
Ane better knight not to the world was lent, 
Nor was gvde Grame of trvth and hardiment." 

A few yards from the monument of Sir John .de Graham a plain 
oblong block of sandstone denotes the grave of Sir John Stewart of 
Bonhill, brother of the Lord High Steward. It is inscribed : 

" Here lies a Scottish hero, Sir John Stewart, who was killed at 
the battle of Falkirk, 22nd July, 1298." 

A massive tombstone, elegantly sculptured, commemorates Sir 
Robert Monro, Bart., of Fowlis, who was killed at the second battle 


of Falkirk, 17th January, 1746. This brave officer, whose virtues 
have been portrayed by Dr. Doddridge in his " Life of Colonel 
Gardiner," was twenty-seventh baron of the ancient house of 
Fowl is. He was engaged under the Duke of Marlborough in 
Flanders. Returning to Scotland in 1712, he, along with Lord 
Sutherland, aided in retarding the timely union of the forces of the 
Chevalier in 1715, and on the suppression of the rebellion of that 
year was appointed a commissioner on the forfeited estates. He 
then entered Parliament, but his military services being required 
abroad he proceeded to Flanders in 1740, and there greatly distin- 
guished himself by his prudence and valour. At the battle of 
Fontenoy his skill and bravery were remarkably conspicuous. On 
his return he received the command of a regiment appointed to 
quell the insurrection under Prince Charles Edward, and his death 
at Falkirk was occasioned by the cowardly desertion of his troop. 
He fell by a musket-ball deliberately shot at him, when endea- 
vouring to rally his men. His younger brother, whose name is 
recorded on the monument, also perished in the battle. 

In the vestibule of the church, on each side of the entrance, 
supported on handsome tombs, are four stone figures, supposed to 
represent two of the old barons of Callander and their spouses. 
These figures lay in the south transept of the old parish church, 
and for many years were exposed to the weather, till April, 1852, 
when they were placed in the vestibule by the late Mr. William 
Forbes, of Callander. The family of Livingston, which produced 
successively the Lords Livingston and the Earls of Linlithgow and 
Callander, claim an Hungarian origin, and are said to have come 
to Scotland in the train of Margaret, queen of Malcolm Canmore. 
The several titles are now extinct, or in abeyance. 

An antique fabric attached to the north-east corner of the church 
is a burial-place of the noble house of Dundas, represented by the 
Earl of Zetland. 

A handsome monument in the vestibule of the church com- 
memorates the Rev. John Brown Patterson, minister of the parish, 
and author of a " Prize Essay on the National Character of the 


Athenians." This distinguished clergyman was son of Robert 
Patterson, of Croft House, Alnwick, and was born on the 29th June, 
1804. He much distinguished himself at the High School and 
University of Edinburgh, and was licensed to preach 7th January, 
1829. He was ordained minister of Falkirk 26th February, 1830, 
and died of fever 29th June, 1835. His "Select Literary and 
Religious Remains " were published in 1837, accompanied by a 

In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates Richard Callender, 
minister of the parish, who died 29th January, 1686. It is in- 
scribed as follows : 

" Stirpe sacerdotum prognatus utrinque, sacerdos 

Hie jacet innocuus, vir sine fraude sagax : 
Quotque dies mensis bissextus continet, annos 

Tot fuit huic divi credita cura gregis : 
Sex alibi, hie annos bis denos tresque peregit, 

Dum casto usque suas corde fovebat oves. 
Solis rite cyclo, quoad aevum, bis repetito, 

Nunquam, sat flendus, seu reverendus, obit." 

Mr. Callender was eldest son of Alexander Callender, minister of 
Denny. He was ordained minister of Cockburnspath in 1657, and 
translated to Falkirk in 1663. He owned lands at Cockburnspath, 
and married Alison, sister of Sir Roger Hogg, of Harcase, a Lord 
of Session. 

From gravestones in Falkirk Churchyard we have these lines : 

" Death certain is ; but neither when nor where : 
Which teacheth us each day we should prepare." 

" Time was like thee 
I life possessed, 
And time will be 

When thou shalt rest." 

" All you that come my grave to see, 
As I am now so must you be ; 
Repent in time, make no delay 
I in my prime was called away." 


Within the enclosures of Callander House, an elegant mauso- 
leum, erected by his widow, commemorates William Forbes, of 
Callander, grandfather of the present proprietor. This enterprising 
and prosperous gentleman was a native of Aberdeen, and for some 
time engaged in trade in London. Having obtained the exclusive 
privilege of coppering the vessels of the navy, he realized a large 
fortune. He purchased the estates of Callander about the year 
1786. He was an excellent landlord, and a zealous promoter of 
husbandry. He died on the 21st June, 1815, and was succeeded 
by his eldest son, who for some years represented the county in 


Through the exertions of the Eev. James Graham, minister of 
the parish, a monumental obelisk in memory of George Buchanan 
was erected at Killearn in 1788. It is 103 feet in height, and was 
built at the cost of 295, defrayed by subscription. Buchanan 
was born at Moss, in Killearn parish, in February, 1506. Having 
studied the classics in Paris, and philosophy at St. Andrews, he 
imbibed the doctrines of Luther, and became a keen supporter of 
the Eeformation. His poem on the " Franciscan Friars " appeared 
in 1538 ; he was in the following year subjected to imprisonment 
by Cardinal Beaton, but effected his escape. He became Professor 
of Latin at Bordeaux; he subsequently proceeded to Portugal, 
where he officiated as a Professor in the University of Coimbra. 
As an upholder of the Protestant doctrines he was thrown into the 
dungeon of the Inquisition, where he remained eighteen months. 
After some changes he returned to Scotland in 1560, when he 
became classical tutor to Queen Mary. In 1566 he was appointed 
Principal of St. Leonard's College, St. Andrews, and in the following 
year was, though a layman, elected Moderator of the General 
Assembly. In 1570 he was appointed preceptor to the young 
king, and was nominated Director of the Chancery. Some time 


afterwards he was chosen Lord Privy Seal, with a seat in Purl la- 
ment. His great work, the " History of Scotland," occupied the 
last twelve years of his life ; it was completed within a month of 
his decease. He died at Edinburgh on the 28th September, 1582, 
at the age of seventy-six. 


A modern tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Beneath this stone are deposited the remains of Jean Cochrane, 
Viscountess of Dundee, wife of the Honourable W. Livingston, of 
Kilsyth, and of their infant son. Their deaths were caused by the 
fulling in of the roof, composed of turf, of a house in Holland. 
Mr. Livingston was with difficulty extricated. The lady, her 
child, and the nurse were killed. This occurred in the month of 
October, MDCXCV. In MDCCXCV, the vault over which the 
clmrch at that time stood having been accidentally opened, the 
bodies of Lady Dundee and her son, which had been embalmed 
and sent from Holland, were found in a remarkable state of preser- 
vation. After being for some time exposed to view, the vault was 
closed. This lady was the daughter of William, Lord Cochrane, 
who predeceased his father, William, first Earl of Dundonald. She 
married, first, John Graham, of Claverhouse, Viscount of Dundee, 
who was killed at the battle of Killicrankie, MDCLXXXIX. ; and 
secondly, the Honourable William Livingston, who succeeded his 
brother as third Viscount of Kilsyth in MDCCVI. Lord Kilsyth 
i named, secondly, a daughter of Macdougal, of Makerstoun, but 
dying under attainder at Rome in MDCCXXXIIL, without 
surviving issue, this noble family became extinct. This stone 
was erected by Sir Archibald Edmoustou, of Duntreath, Burt., 

Jean Cochrane was of the family of Ochiltree. About a year 
after the death of Viscount Dundee, her first husband, she became 
wife of the Hon. William Livingston. In 1694 they proceeded, 
with their infant child, to Rotterdam. The lady had married her 
first husband in violent opposition to the Presbyterians, and, 
according to Wodrow, had said that the day she heard a Presby- 


terian minister preach she hoped the house would fall down and 
smother her. One afternoon she went to the Scotch Church, Eot- 
terdam, to hear Mr. Eobert Fleming, a Presbyterian minister, and 
the celebrated author of " The Fulfilling of Scripture." That 
evening Mr. and Mrs. Livingston went into a room where their 
child lay with its nurse, when the roof of the house fell in, and 
destroyed the entire party, with the exception of Mr. Livingston, 
who was rescued. 

A tombstone formerly contained these lines : 

" Beneath this stone here lies a man, 
Whose body was not full three span, 
A bon companion, day and night, 
Sir Thomas Henderson, of Haystoun, knight." 


In Larbert Churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Eev. 
Eobert Bruce, of Kinnaird. This distinguished divine was born in 
1554; he was second son of Alexander Bruce, of Airth, and was a 
collateral descendant of the famous King Eobert. Having studied 
law, he had a judgeship secured for him by patent, but, much to 
the indignation of his relatives, he abandoned his legal prospects, 
and entered the Church. He became one of the ministers of 
Edinburgh, and in May, 1590, was chosen by James VI. to crown 
his queen, Anne of Denmark. In 1596 he resisted an attempt of 
the king to thrust episcopacy on the Church, and was obliged to 
seek refuge in England. He was permitted to return to Edinburgh 
in 1598, but having in 1600 refused to express his belief in the 
Gowrie Conspiracy he was prohibited from exercising his ministry. 
For some time he resided at Dieppe. He returned to Scotland in 
1601, but did not thereafter hold any settled charge. For eight 
years subsequent to 1605 he was compelled to reside at Inverness ; 
he afterwards obtained permission to live at Kinnaird, but was in 
1621 a^ain banished to Inverness. On the death of James VI. he 


returned to Kinnaird ; he preached every Sunday in Larbert church, 
for which no clergyman had been provided by the bishop. He 
died 13th August, 1631. 

James Bruce, of Kinnaird, the celebrated traveller, sixth in 
descent from the Rev. Robert Bruce, rests in Larbert churchyard. 
His monument is thus inscribed : 

"In this tomb are deposited the remains of James Bruce, of 
Kinnaird, who died on the 27th of April, 1794, in the 64th year 
of his age. His life was spent in performing useful and splendid 
actions ; he explored many distant regions ; he discovered the 
fountains of the Nile ; he traversed the deserts of Nubia. He was 
an affectionate husband, an indulgent parent, an ardent lover of 
his country. By the unanimous voice of mankind, his name is 
enrolled with those who were conspicuous for genius, for valour, 
and for virtue." 

James Bruce was born at Kinnaird on the 14th December, 1730. 
He purposed to study for the Church, then followed legal pursuits, 
and afterwards became a wine merchant. Succeeding to Kinnaird, 
his patrimonial inheritance, he entered upon a course of adven- 
ture. For twelve years he was absent from Britain on foreign 
travel, and during the greater part of that period employed 
himself in striving to reach the source of the Nile. When he 
published his " Travels " he was accused of imposing on public 
credulity, but his statements have by subsequent travellers been 
fully verified. He keenly felt the charge of falsehood which was 
preferred against him, and to his daughter expressed a hope that 
she might be spared to witness his vindication. From the effects of 
a fall he expired on the 27th April, 1794, aged sixty-four. 

In Larbert churchyard a tombstone, bearing dale 1665, is thus 
inscribed : 

" Here lyes interred within this urn 
The corpse of honest good John Burn, 
Who was the eight John of that name, 
That lived with love and died with fame. 
In changing tymes, saddest disaster, 
True to his king, lord, and master ! 


Kind to his kindred, neighbour, friend, 
Who's good life had an happie end, 
His soul to God he did bequeath, 
His dust, to lye this stone beneath." 


On Abbey Craig, the most easterly of the three isolated crags 
which rise in the Vale of Stirling, stands the national monument 
to Wallace. The crag is 360 feet above the level of the Forth, and 
presents a precipitous front to the south-west. The monument, 
which rises on the highest point of the crag's front, represents (see 
vignette) a Scottish baronial tower of an early period. It is 220 
feet in height, and at the base 36 feet square. The walls, 18 feet 
thick at the foundations, graduate to a thickness of 5 feet at the 
top of the structure. To the tower on the east side is attached the 
warder's lodge, a massive building of two stories. An open court- 
yard, entered by an arched gateway, with bold mouldings, separates 
the main building from the lodge. Above the gateway are the 
heraldic arms of the house of Wallace. Passing through the 
gateway into an arched passage, and turning to the left, a series of 
steps leads to an octagonal staircase which projects from the 
south-west angle of the tower, and runs up to a bartisan parapet 
at the top. Arrow-light apertures pierce the walls of the staircase, 
and imitation ropework, with moulded angles, bind the walls. On 
the ground-floor there is an elegant waiting-room, and three halls 
above. All the halls are arched with stone, and are each 24 feet 
square and 30 feet high ; they are intended for the reception of 
works of sculpture, ancient armour, and antiquarian relics. The 
bartisan parapet at the top of the staircase is 5 feet wide, and is 
protected by a wall 6 feet high and 18 inches thick. A few steps 
lead up to the bartisan platform, an open space 25 feet square 
paved with flags, and protected by a parapet consisting of large 
round balls. An imperial crown 50 feet in height, and built of 



cube stone, forms the apex ; it is composed of eight arms stretching 
from the angles and sides, and converging in the centre, forming a 
series of flying buttresses, surmounted by crocketed pinnacles. 
The structure is composed of freestone. It was built from 
a design by Mr. J. T. Rochead, selected at a public compe- 

A proposal for the erection of a monument to Wallace on 
Abbey Craig was made by the author of this work in a volume 
descriptive of Central Scotland, published in 1852.* No active 
measures were adopted till the spring of 1856, when Mr. C. 1*. 
Brown, a newspaper proprietor in Glasgow, communicated with the 
writer respecting a proposal to celebrate Wallace by a monument 
on Glasgow Green. In the course of a correspondence Mr. Brown 
approved of the Abbey Craig site as the more eligible, and several 
persons were called together at Glasgow, who requested the 
1'rovost of Stirling to convene a public meeting in that place to 
consider the proposal. At this meeting, which was attended by 
the leading inhabitants of Stirling, the writer " moved " that 
the monument should be built. To initiate proceedings a com- 
mittee was appointed, with the writer as secretary. The duties 
of his office proved most irksome and arduous, for in addition 
to the ordinary difficulties of raising money for a public object, 
there had to be encountered and overcome the crude notions 
of one or more adherents of the enterprise. A national meeting 
was held in the King's Park, Stirling, on the 24th June, 1856, the 
late Earl of Elgin officiating as president. This most successful 
demonstration was followed by meetings in Edinburgh and 
Glasgow, and in other principal towns. Natives of Scotland held 
gatherings in the large towns of England, throughout the colonies, 
and in India. Money was collected at Constantinople, on the 
coast of Africa, and in the islands of the South Seas. The United 
States sent contributions. The foundation stone of the monument 
was, on the 24th of June, 1861, laid by the Duke of Athole as 

"A Week at BrMgeof Allan." Edinburgh, 1852. 8vo. Pp. 39 41. 


Grand Master Mason. By permission of the Commander-in-chief 
the Scottish Volunteers assisted in the proceedings, and a salute of 
artillery was discharged from Stirling Castle. About 80,000 persons 
assembled on the occasion. At a public banquet Sir Archibald 
Alison, Bart., and other speakers delivered orations appropriate to 
the event. On the llth September, 1869, the monument was 
formally handed over to the Town Council of Stirling as its per- 
manent custodiers. It was completed at the cost of 13,401 Is. 8d. 

The position of the monument is peculiarly appropriate. Abbey 
Craig is geographically in the centre of Scotland. It overlooks the 
field of Stirling Bridge, where Wallace obtained his greatest 
victory. The scene around is picturesque and ennobling. A plain 
of every variety of landscape is guarded on the north and south by 
undulating hills and pastoral eminences ; and on the distant east 
and west is bounded by mountain ranges. In the far west the 
stupendous Grampians, crested by the lofty Ben Lomond, raise their 
majestic forms. Eastward the view terminates on the sloping hills 
of Clersh and Saline. Every point of the immediately surrounding 
scenery is replete with interest. Craigforth, on the west, stands 
forth in isolated majesty. North-west is " the lofty brow of 
ancient Keir," and Bridge of Allan, ensconced under the umbra- 
geous shelter of wooded heights. To the north-east extend the 
masses of the undulating Ochils. Northward is Airthrey Castle, 
with its park and lake. Villages fringe the base of the Ochils far 
as the eye can reach. On a peninsula of the serpent-like Forth 
stands the hoary tower of Cambuskenneth, rejoicing in its seven 
centuries of age. Southward is Bannockburn, where Scottish 
freedom was won ; to the south-west, Stirling on its rock, sur- 
mounted by the towers of its ancient castle. The monument may 
be seen across a country extending from the Arrochar mountains 
on the west to the Lomond heights in the distant east. 

Sir William Wallace was second of the three sons of Sir Malcolm 
Wallace, of Elderslie, in Renfrewshire. His mother was daughter 
of Sir Eaynald Crawford, Sheriff of Ayr. Born about the year 
1270, he was brought up under the care of his uncle, the priest of 


Dunipace, who first inspired him with the love of liherty. He 
afterwards entered an ecclesiastical seminary at Dundee. While 
there studying he was insulted by a youth named Selby, son of the 
English governor : he slew him and fled. The country was under 
English rule, but some enterprising or desperate persons refused to 
submit to a foreign yoke. To these Wallace joined himself, and 
was acknowledged as their leader. He attacked and cut off English 
convoys and foraging parties, and when pursued found shelter in 
the forests. His successful exploits drew to his standard some 
valiant knights, who resolved under his leadership to attempt once 
more their country's liberation. The English governor at Lanark 
slew Wallace's wife, the heiress of Lamington ; he avenged Irer 
death by slaying the murderer and destroying his garrison. He 
routed an English force at Biggar. He revenged the murder of his 
uncle, Sir Raynald Crawford, by burning the barracks of Ayr, 
which sheltered an English garrison. He expelled Bek, an English 
ecclesiastic, from the see of Glasgow, and scattered the forces of 
Ormsby, the English justiciary at Scone. Joined by numbers of 
the nobility and gentry, he proceeded to the north, and wrested 
a succession of strongholds from the invaders. He was storming 
the castle of Dundee, when he learned that an English army under 
the Earl of Surrey and Hugh Cressingham were marching towards 
Stirling. Raising the siege, he hastened to attack the invaders at 
the passage of the Forth. He encamped his followers on the 
north-eastern slope of the Abbey Craig, and from the spot where 
the monument now stands surveyed the movements of the enemy. 
When a portion of the army, under Cressingham, had crossed the 
Forth, he attacked them with such vigour that all were cut off or 
driven into the river. Those who, under Surrey, remained on 
the other side fled terror-stricken. The castles of Dundee and 
Dumbarton surrendered, and English domination was overthrown. 
The battle of Stirling Bridge was fought on the llth of September, 
1297. Wallace was appointed Guardian of Scotland: he proceeded 
to restore order in the state, and to develop the national resources. 
He enriched his followers by several incursions into England. 


Hearing that Edward I. was hastening to Scotland with an army 
of 100,000, and 8,000 horsemen, he proceeded to render the country 
desert in his line of march. The Scottish and English armies 
met at Falkirk. Wallace's plan of operations was betrayed to 
the enemy by two Scottish nobles, and the troops under Comyn 
turned their banners and retired. Wallace was consequently de- 
feated. Eesigning the office of Guardian, he proceeded to France, 
where he remained five years. In 1303 he returned to Scotland, 
and engaged in a system of predatory warfare against the English. 
Edward I. offered a reward for his apprehension ; and through the 
treachery of Sir John Monteith he was in August, 1305, captured 
at Eobroyston, near Glasgow, and being laden with fetters was 
carried to London. He was arraigned for treason in Westminster 
Hall a charge which he scornfully rebutted, since he owed no 
allegiance to a foreign prince. But his death was predetermined. 
He was executed at Smithfield with every circumstance of barbarity. 


A monumental statue of Sir William Wallace, by Eitchie, occu- 
pies a prominent position in King Street. It was reared in 1858, 
through subscriptions obtained by the writer, and a large donation 
from the late Mr. William Drummond, of Eochdale Lodge. The 
hero is represented in a contemplative attitude, with his two- 
handed sword girt to his back, the hilt projecting above his left 

In the Valley of Stirling Eock, the scene of ancient tourna- 
ments, three monumental statues celebrate John Knox, Andrew 
Melville, and Alexander Henderson, the distinguished reformers. 
The statue of Knox occupies a slightly elevated position, 
he is represented in the attitude of preaching. John Knox 
was born at Gifford, Haddingtonshire, in 1505. He studied 


at St. Salvator's College, St. Andrews, and was, under the age pre- 
scribed by the canons, admitted to priest's orders. By perusing 
the writings of the ancient fathers he was led to despise the 
subtleties of the school theology, and through the preaching of 
Wishart, the future martyr, and of Thomas Williams, a friar, he 
began to discover the errors of the Romish faith. Embracing the 
Protestant doctrines, he was subjected to persecution by Cardinal 
Beaton, and afterwards by his successor, Archbishop Hamilton. In 
1547 he obtained shelter in the castle of St. Andrews, with the 
nssassins of Cardinal Beaton, and here he was called to the ministry 
of the Reformed Church. "When the garrison of the castle was 
forced to capitulate, Knox was taken prisoner ; he was detained on 
board a French galley for nineteen months. Liberated in February, 
1549, he proceeded to England, where he preached the reformed 
doctrines at Berwick and Newcastle. In 1551 he was appointed 
chaplain to Edward VI. Disapproving of the liturgy, he declined 
the bishopric of Rochester, which was offered him. On the acces- 
sion of Mary he removed to the Continent, and associated with 
John Calvin at Geneva. He returned to Scotland in 1555, where 
his preaching awakened the resentment of the Romish bishops, who 
burned him in effigy. After a further residence at Geneva, he 
proceeded to Scotland in 1559. Preaching at Perth against the 
idolatry of the mass and image-worship, the excited populace 
destroyed the churches and monasteries of that city. His preach- 
ing at St. Andrews and other places was attended with similar 
results. In August, 1560, the reformed religion received the sanc- 
tion of Parliament, and Romish worship was proscribed. Knox 
became one of the ministers of Edinburgh, and in this capacity 
opposed an attempt of Queen Mary to establish the mass at 
Holyrood. On this account he was arraigned before a convention 
of the nobility in December, 1563, the queen being present; 
but he was honourably acquitted. He opposed the marriage of 
the queen with Darnley, and becoming obnoxious at court, he 
sometime withdrew from Edinburgh. In July, 1567, he preached 
the coronation sermon of James VI. in the parish church of 


Stirling; and in February, 1570, delivered the funeral discourse of 
the regent Murray. From the deadly attacks of his enemies he 
sought shelter at St. Andrews from May, 1571, to August, 1572. 
After an illness of some duration he died on the 24th November, 
1572. He was the chief author of " The Confession of Faith and 
First Book of Discipline," and composed a " History of the 
Reformation," and other works. 

A few yards from the statue of Knox, on the right, is that of 
Andrew Melville. Youngest son of Eichard Melville, of Baldovy, 
Forfarshire, this eminent divine was born on the 1st August, 
1545. Having distinguished himself as a classical scholar at the 
Universities of St. Andrews and Paris, he was, on the recommenda- 
tion of Beza, appointed Professor of Humanity at Geneva. In 1574 
he returned to Scotland, when he became Principal of Glasgow 
College, and minister of Govan. In 1580 he accepted the Principal- 
ship of St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, and assisted by his nephew, 
conducted service in the parish church. For some expressions 
used in the pulpit which were pronounced seditious by the Privy 
Council, he was in February, 1584, sentenced to imprisonment, but 
he effected his escape to England. On the disgrace of the Earl of 
Arran he returned to Scotland in November, 1585. In May, 1594, 
he was for the third time elected Moderator of the General 
Assembly. During the following year, when on a deputation to 
James VI., to remonstrate against the recall of the Popish lords, he 
in a moment of irritation touched the king's arm, and called him 
" God's silly vassal," a proceeding which James never forgave. In 
1606 lie invited Melville and other ministers to London, under the 
pretext that he wished to consult them about ecclesiastical affairs. 
At the famous conference at Hampton Court, Melville spoke with 
energy and his wonted boldness. Having denounced in a Latin 
epigram the service practised in the Chapel Eoyal, he was com- 
mitted to - the Tower, where he was imprisoned four years. In 
1611 he was released on his accepting the appointment of Theo- 
logical Professor in the Protestant University of Sedan. He died 
at Sedan in 1622, at the age of seventy-seven. 


To the right of Knox is the monumental statue of Alexander 
Henderson (see Vol. I., p. 25). In another portion of the cemetery 
a monumental statue, raised by subscriptions obtained by the 
writer, celebrates James Guthrie, the Presbyterian martyr. This 
unbending upholder of Presbytery was a younger son of Guthrie 
of that ilk, in the county of Forfar. He studied at the University 
of St. Andrews, and became a regent in St. Leonard's College. In 
1642 he was ordained minister of Lauder, from which parish lie 
was in 1649 translated to the first charge of Stirling. As leader 
of the protesting party in the Church he rendered himself obnoxious 
to Charles II., who shortly after the Restoration caused him to be 
apprehended. He was arraigned before the Estates, and chiefly 
through the bitter hostility of the Earl of Middleton, whose ex- 
communication by the Commission of the General Assembly he 
.had published from the pulpit, he was condemned to suffer for 
high treason. He was hanged at the Cross of Edinburgh, 1st June, 
1661, at the age of forty-nine. His head was placed on the port 
at the Nether-bow, where it remained for twenty-eight years. The 
statue presents an actual likeness of the martyr, being founded on 
an original portrait in possession of the magistrates. It was inau- 
gurated in presence of the magistrates, clergy, and town council of 
Stirling, on the 26th November, 1857. 

On the shoulder of the Ladies' Eock, and within the cemetery 
enclosure, a group of marble statuary, surmounted by a glass cupola, 
commemorates Margaret Wilson, one of the Wigton martyrs (Vol. I., 
pp. 349 356). The martyr is represented in the act of reading 
the Scriptures on the hill-side, with her younger and like-minded 
sister Agnes ; a lamb rests quietly at their feet, and their guardian 
angel hovers near. 

Not far from the Wilson monument, and on the margin of the 
Ladies' Rock, a monumental statue celebrates James Renwick, the 
last of the Scottish martyrs (Vol. I., p. 304). A statue in honour 
of the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine occupies the northern portion of the 
cemetery. It was erected in 1858 through the efforts of the writer, 
and was sculptured from a model founded on an original portrait. 


Ebenezer Erskine was son of the Rev. Henry Areskine (Vol. I., 
p. 222), and was born at Dryburgh, Berwickshire, on the 22nd June, 
1680. Having studied at the University of Edinburgh, he was 
licensed to preach in February, 1703, and in the same year was 
ordained minister of Portmoak. In 1731 he was translated to the 
third charge of Stirling. Having, as Moderator, opened the Synod 
held at Perth in October, 1732, with a discourse, in which he con- 
demned several recent acts of the Church enforcing the law of 
patronage, he was pronounced censurable by the court. On an 
appeal to the General Assembly the judgment of the Synod was 
confirmed, and after various proceedings Erskine and three brethren 
who adhered to him were in 1734 loosed from their charges. They 
met in December at Gairney Bridge, near Kinross, and there consti- 
tuted the Associate Presbytery, now represented by the United 
Presbyterian Church. Erskine ministered at Stirling, and fre- 
quently preached near the spot occupied by his statue, till a 
church for his accommodation was built. During the rebel- 
lion in 1746 he gallantly headed two companies of his congre- 
gation in defence of the town. He died 2nd June, 1754, aged 
seventy-four. He was twice married, and has had numerous de- 
scendants. Within the enclosure in front of the Sack Row Meeting- 
house, near the spot of his interment, a handsome monument, in 
the form of a Greek temple, was in the year 1860 erected to his 

A pyramidical structure at the northern edge of the cemetery 
enclosure commemorates those who in Scotland suffered martyrdom 
in the cause of civil and religious liberty. It is inscribed with 
some Scriptural quotations, and adorned with sculptures and 
emblems. This structure, and the monumental statues of Knox, 
Melville, Henderson, and Eenwick, and the elegant statuary group 
in honour of Margaret Wilson, were erected at the sole expense of 
the late Mr. William Drummond, of Eochdale Lodge, Stirling, who 
also largely contributed towards the statues of Wallace, Guthrie, 
and Ebenezer Erskine. This estimable individual has found a 
resting-place in the cemetery. His grave is denoted by a massive 


sarcophagus of Aberdeen granite. He was born at Bannockburn 
on the 14th February, 1793. His father, who bore the same Chris- 
tian name, was a prosperous nurseryman in Stirling, and he, with 
several younger brothers, succeeded to the business. Having by a 
course of unflagging industry realized a competence, he devoted his 
latter years to the unostentatious exercise of benevolence. A 
descendant of the family which produced Margaret Wilson, the 
Wigton martyr and who bore the same Christian and family name, 
he educated her from childhood, and by a large gift secured her 
in permanent independence. Children of indigent but deserving 
neighbours, left orphans, were supported by his bounty. To every 
charitable institution he was a liberal contributor. An enlightened 
patriot, he rejoiced in celebrating those who had proved useful to 
their country. After a life, uneventful, save in performing kind 
and generous actions, he died at Stirling on the 25th November, 
1868. He was unmarried, and bequeathed the bulk of his ample 
fortune to the Stirling enterprise for the dissemination of religious 

Near the grave of William Drummond, a Gothic cross of Peter- 
head granite commemorates the officers, non-commissioned officers, 
and men of the 75th (Stirlingshire) Eegiment, who were cut off 
during the period of the Indian Mutiny. 

A handsome monument celebrates the Rev. Archibald Bennie, 
D.D., F.R.S.E. This eloquent divine was born at Glasgow on the 
1st November, 1797. Having studied at the university of his 
native city he was licensed as a probationer in 1820. He was in 
1823 elected assistant and successor to the minister of Albion 
Street Chapel-of-Ease, Glasgow, and in the following year was 
translated to the third charge, Stirling, from which he was pro- 
moted to the first charge in 1829. In 1826 he founded the Stirling 
School of Arts. In 1835 he was translated to Lady Tester's Church, 
Edinburgh, and was in 1841 appointed one of Her Majesty's 
Chaplains, and Dean of the Chapel Royal. He died suddenly at 
Dunoon on the 21st September, 1846. A volume of his discourses 
has been published, accompanied with a memoir. 


In Bowie's aisle of the East Church a burial- vault was in 1632 
acquired by Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Stirling, 
and there the Earl was himself interred on the 12th April, 1640.* 
About 1632 Lady Alexander, afterwards Countess of Stirling, 
erected in the vault a mural tablet in memory of her parents. 
This .tablet, which still exists in private keeping, is thus in- 
scribed : 

" Hie jacet in spe resurrectionis Gulielmus ^Ereskinus equestris 
ordinis cum Joanna conjuge, illustri et communi -ZEreskinorum 
familia orta, singulari virtute femina, unica filia superstite quse 
postera Gulielmo Alexandro Equiti egregio Jacobo regi a supplici- 
bus libellis, Carolo regi ab Epistolis, proventusque regni annonis 
nupsit. Earn filiarn amor ejus numerosa sobole auxit et hoc monu- 
mentum parentibus illustribus posuit." 

Translation : " Here lies, in hope of the resurrection, William 
Erskine, of the order of knights, along with his wife Joanna, a 
woman of singular virtue, of illustrious birth, and sprung from the 
main line of the Erskines, leaving behind them an only daughter, 
who was afterwards married to William Alexander, a distinguished 
knight, Master of Requests to King James, secretary and commis- 
sioner of exchequer to Charles. His love has blessed that daughter 
with a numerous offspring, and has reared this monument to her 
illustrious parents." 

Sir William Erskine, who is thus commemorated, was a younger 
brother of the family of Erskine, of Balgonie, and a near relative of 
the Earl of Mar. He was Commendator of the Bishopric of Glas- 
gow, and, as recipient of the teind, was styled Parson of Campsie. 
His only daughter, Janet Erskine, was married to William Alex- 
ander, of Menstry, about the year 1603. His son, Alexander, held 
some office about the court, and his grandson, Sir James Erskine, 
obtained lands in Ulster.*!* 

The burial-vault of the Earl of Stirling is of some historical in- 
terest. From an early owner, known as Bowie's Aisle, it had become 
the property of Thomas Craigengelt, of that ilk, who on the 26th 
Fabruary, 1618, "resigned" it to the Governors of the Burgh 

* Balfour's Historical Works, vol. ii., p. 427. 

t Spottiswoode's Miscellany, vol. i., p. 104, note. 


Hospital. On the 4th September, 1632, the Kirk Session con- 
firmed to William, Viscount of Stirling, the disposition by the 
Master of the Hospital (with consent of the Provost) "of their 
Isle, situat on the south syde of their kirk, sometyme call it 
Bowye's or Craigengelt's lyle."* On the death of the Earl of 
Stirling, Charles Alexander, his fourth son, succeeded to the 
administration of his affairs, and as the Earl's estate was insuffi- 
cient to meet his obligations, his property at Stirling, including the 
burial-aisle, "was adjudged to the Masters of the Laigh Hospital." 
By the hospital authorities the property was conveyed to Archi- 
bald, eighth Earl of Argyle. In May, 1764, it was exposed for 
sale by John, fourth Duke of Argyle, when Bowie's Aisle was 
acquired by James Wright, of Loss, and another. At the com- 
mencement of the century the East Church underwent extensive 
repairs, when the Stirling family vault was closed, and the aisle 
taken down. The agent for Mr. Wright of Loss, a solicitor in the 
burgh, had meanwhile obtained from his client a right of interment 
in the It was covered up, but the ingenious attorney 
fixed on another portion of ground, adjoining the West Church, 
which he enclosed as his family burial-place. The monumental 
tablet commemorating Sir William Erskine was placed in the new 
enclosure, and thereafter removed, before subscribing witnesses, to 
the lawyer's own residence. The spot was now enclosed by a 
railing, and when the Town Council, more than forty years after- 
wards, were repairing the structure of the church, the claimant's 
daughter obtained an interdict against interference with a burial- 
place thus peculiarly acquired. She is now dead, but she has 
made provision in her settlement that her burial-place and its 
deforming enclosure shall not be surrendered by those whom she 
has elected to represent her. 

In the interior of the West Church some marble tablets preserve 
the names of founders of hospitals and other local charities, viz., 
Robert Spittal, John Cowan, John Allan, Alexander Cunningham, 

Preface by Mr. David Laing to the Earl of Stirling's " Royal Letters," p. 106. 
t Burgh Records of Stirling. 


and John McGibbon. Spittal was tailor to the queen of James IV. ; 
(Jowan was a prosperous merchant. The revenues of Spittal's and 
Cowan's Hospitals are derived from lands, and are of consider- 
able value. 

A marble tablet commemorates Lieutenant-Colonel John Black- 
ader. Sou of a Scottish minister, an eminent sufferer in the cause 
of Presbyterianism (Vol. I., 207), he was born at Glencairn, Dum- 
friesshire, on the 14th September, 1664. In his twenty-fifth year 
he joined the 26th or Cameronian Eegiment. During the Seven 
Years' War (1690 1697) in the Netherlands he was present in 
nearly every engagement. After some home service he joined the 
Confederate Army in Holland in 1703. He was severely wounded 
at the battle of Blenheim on the 2nd August, 1704. He received 
his commission as major in 1705. He was present at the battle of 
Ramillies in May, 1706, and took part in the battle of Oudinot in 
June, 1708. In the autumn of 1708 he distinguished himself at 
the siege of Lisle. During the campaign of 1709 he was in the 
covering army at the siege of Tournay, and was present at the 
battle of Malplaquet. At the close of the campaign he was pro- 
moted to the colonelcy of the 26th Regiment. After twenty-two 
years' active service he retired in 1711. For some years he resided 
at Edinburgh. During the Rebellion of 1715 he became honorary 
colonel of a body of Glasgow volunteers, and when the Duke of 
Argyle encountered the rebel army at Sheriffmuir, he guarded the 
bridge of Stirling. His patriotism was acknowledged by his being 
appointed Deputy Governor of Stirling Castle. He died on the 
31st August, 1729. Colonel Blackader was distinguished for his 
religious devotedness. 

In the West Church a marble tablet, erected by the magistrates, 
and adorned with some elegiac verses written by himself, com- 
memorates the genius and learning of Dr. David Doig, Rector of 
the High School. This distinguished scholar was son of a small 
farmer in Forfarshire, and was born in that county on the 14th 
February, 1719. From extreme delicacy of eyesight he was, till 
the age of twelve, unable to read, but his progress was afterwards 


so rapid, that after being three years at the parish school lie 
became a successful competitor for one of the foundation bursaries 
in St. Andrews University. He was in succession parochial 
schoolmaster of Monifieth, in Forfarshire, and of Kennoway and 
Falkland, in Fifeshire. In 1760 he was appointed Rector of 
Stirling School He died on the 16th March, 1800, in his eighty- 
first year. Dr. I)oig was the cherished friend of his learned con- 
temporaries. Besides his familiarity with classical learning, he 
was conversant with oriental literature, and was an adept in 
the abstruse sciences. He composed "Two Letters on the 
Savage State," in answer to Lord Kames, and contributed the 
articles " Mystery," " Mythology," and " Philology," to the third 
edition of the " Encyclopaedia Britanuica." 

A small chapel attached to the north wall of the High Church 
constitutes the family vault of Moir of Leckie. It contains 
the mortal remains of George Gleig, LL.D., Bishop of Brechin. 
This eminent prelate was born in the county of Forfar on the 12th 
May, 1753. He took orders in his twenty-first year. After various 
changes he was in 1808 consecrated coadjutor Bishop of Brechin ; 
he was elected Primus in 1S1G. For many years he ministered to 
the Episcopal congregation at Stirling. He prepared a Supple- 
ment to the third edition of the " Encyclopaedia Britannica," and 
published several other works. He died on the 9th March, 1840, 
in his eighty-seventh year. In the Episcopal church of Stirling a 
memorial tablet celebrates his virtues. 

Lieutenant-General Samuel Graham, Deputy Governor of Stirling 
Castle, is by a memorial tablet commemorated in the West Church. 
He was born at Paisley on the 20th May, 1756. Having studied 
at the University of Edinburgh he chose the military profes- 
sion, and joined the army as ensign in 1777. As captain in 
the 76th Eegiment, lately raised, he took part in the American 
War under Earl Cornwallis from 1779 to 1784. He next served 
in the West Indies and in Holland ; he was severely wounded and 
lost the use of his left eye at the action on the Helder. He joined 
as Lieutenant- Colonel the army of Sir Ealph Abercromby in the 


expedition to Egypt. In 1802 he was promoted to the full rank 
of colonel, appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Stirling Castle, and 
placed on the staff in North Britain as brigadier-general. About 
this period he married Jane, eldest daughter of James Terrier 
Principal Clerk of Session a lady celebrated by the poet Burns,* 
and whose sister, Miss Ferrier, was the accomplished novelist. For 
some years subsequent to 1808 General Graham commanded 
the garrison at Cork. He afterwards resided at Stirling Castle, 
devoting himself to his duties as governor of that fort. He died 
on the 25th January, 1831, and his remains were consigned to the 
burial-vault of Moir of Leckie. 

Mural tablets in the West Church commemorate Major Alex- 
ander Munro, who died 31st October, 1814 ; John Burn, of Coldoch, 
who died 22nd June, 1814; and Edward Alexander, of Powis 
(father of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir James Edward Alexander, the 
distinguished traveller), who died in 1835. In the East Church a 
monument of chaste design commemorates Janet Eoger, widow of 
the Eev. Thomas Davidson, minister of Dundee, who died in 1775, 
aged ninety-five. 

On the interior walls of the East and West Churches, and in 
the adjacent churchyard, are memorial slabs and tombstones in 
honour of the following clergymen : 

The Eev. Thomas Eandall, minister of the first charge ; he was 
translated from Inchture in 1770, and died 21st July, 1780, in his 
seventieth year, and the forty-second of his ministry. 

The Eev. John Eussel, translated from Kilmarnock Chapel- of- 
Ease to the second charge of Stirling in 1800 ; died 23rd 

* To the care of Mrs. Graham antiquaries are indebted for the preservation of the 
oak figures which adorned the ceiling of Stirling Palace. These figures were executed 
by John Drummond, of Auchterarder, Master of Works to James V., and " Andro 
Wood, carvour," one of his workmen (Lord Strathallan's " History of the House of 
Drummond"). The carvings were removed from the palace in 1777, and deposited 
in Stirling Jail, where some forty years afterwards they were discovered by Mrs. 
Graham, who had them cleaned and restored. Drawings of the figures, prepared 
by Mr. Blore, an ingenious draughtsman, have been engraved and published in a 
work entitled " Lacunar Stivilinense," Edinburgh, 1817, 4to. Several of the 
carvings have been suspended on ihe walls of the County Court-room. 


February, 1817, in his seventy-seventh year, and the forty-third cf 
his ministry. He is celebrated by the poet Burns. 

The Rev. James Somerville, D.D., minister of the first charge, 
who died 23rd January/ 1817, in his seventieth year, and forty- 
second of his ministry. 

The Rev. John Macmillan, minister of the Cameronian Church, 
Stirling, and Professor of Theology in the Reformed Presbyterian 
Synod, who died 20th October, 1819, aged sixty-eight. 

The Rev. Alexander Bruce, minister of the third charge, a native 
of Torphichen. He died by his own hand, llth June, 1824, in the 
seventh year of his ministry. 

The Rev. Alexander Small, D.D., minister of the second charge, 
who died 5th January, 1825, in the forty-fourth year of his aye, 
and twentieth of his ministry. 

The Rev. George Wright, D.D., minister of the first charge. 
He was translated from Markinch in 1817, and died 17th 
October, -i826, in his fiftieth year, and twenty- seventh of his 

The Rev. John Wilson, D.I)., minister of the first charge, author 
of a number of theological and other works. He was in 1844 
translated from Irvine ; he died 8th November, 1852, in his sixty- 
fifth year, and the forty-fourth of his ministry. 

From tombstones in the churchyard we have these metrical 
inscriptions : 

" John Adamson's here kept within, 
Death's prisoner, for Adam's sin ; 
But rests in hope that he shall be 
Set by the Second Adam free." 

" Our life is but a winter day ; 
Some only breakfast and away, 
Others to dinner stay, 

And are full fed. 
The oldest man but sups 

And goes to bed. 

Large is his debt that lingers out the day, 
He that goes soonest 
Has the least to pay." 


At a bend of the Forth, about one mile to the east of Stirling, is 
situated Caiubuskenneth Abbey, one of the religious houses erected 
by David I. In 1864, when the ruins of the abbey were cleared 
out, the tomb of James III. and his queen, Margaret of Oldenburg, 
was discovered close by the high altar. The royal vault was sur- 
mounted with a slab of mountain limestone, about five feet square 
and seven inches thick. Beneath was a large coffin, of which the 
foot touched the enclosure of the altar, the head lying westward. 
Within the coffin was a skeleton, which on exposure to the air 
crumbled into dust. The lower jaw, remarkable for its large size, 
was entire, also the frontal part of the cranium, which exhibited 
a low and receding forehead. On the left of the male skeleton 
were the bones of a female, also those of a child. The two adult 
skeletons were held to be those of James III. and his queen, the 
position of their tomb verifying a uniform tradition as to the spot 
of their interment. 

Queen Margaret of Oldenburg predeceased her husband. She 
was buried at Cambuskenneth on the 27th February, 1486-7. Two 
weeks after his slaughter at the battle of Sanchieburn, fought on 
the llth June, 1488, James III. was interred at Cambuskenneth 
beside the remains of his queen. 

The discovery of these royal remains having been intimated to 
the Queen, her Majesty commanded that the bones of her ancestors 
should be carefully re-interred, and that the place of sepulture 
should be denoted by a suitable monument. Accordingly, the 
remains were on the 23rd September, 1865, deposited in the recess 
of a sarcophagus, in presence of the magistrates of Stirling and 
others, and a massive altar tomb was thereafter erected at the spot, 
designed by Mr. Matheson of the Board of Works, Edinburgh. It is 
composed of beautiful freestone, about 4^ feet in height, 8 feet long, 
and 4^ feet broad at the base, and 3 feet at the top. On one side 
it is inscribed, 

" In this place, near to the high altar of the abbey of Cambus- 
kenneth, were deposited the remains of James III., King of Scots, 



who died the llth of June, 1488, and of his queen, the Princess 
Margaret of Denmark." 

On the other side are these words, 

" This restoration of the tomb of her ancestors was executed by 
command of her Majesty Queen Victoria, A.D. 1865." 

At one extremity of the memorial are the Scottish arms, with 
the motto, "Nemo me impune lacessit;" and at the other the 
Scottish arms impaled with those of Denmark, with representations 
of the thistle. The monument is enclosed by a railing. 


Two upright stones, seventy yards apart, at Randolph Field, in 
the neighbourhood of St. Ninians' village, mark the scene of a 
gallant skirmish on the eve of the battle of Bannockburn, between 
Randolph, Earl of Murray, and Sir Robert Clifford, commanding a 
party of English troops. A tall flag-staff, erected by public sub- 
scription, denotes the Bore-stone, or portion of pierced trap rock, 
in which on the morning of the engagement the standard of 
King Robert the Bruce was planted. It rests on Caldam Hill, 
a gentle eminence near the old Kilsyth Road, and within half a 
mile of the hamlet of St. Ninians. 

In St. Ninians' churchyard tombstones commemorate the Rev. 
James Logan, minister of the Relief Church, father of the late 
Alexander S. Logan, Sheriff of Forfarshire, who died 4th October, 
1841 ; and George Harvey, father of Sir George Harvey, President 
of the Royal Scottish Academy, who died in 1835. 



On the pavement of the parish church a monumental slab is 
thus inscribed : 

" Here lyes in the same grave with Mary, Countess of Angus, 
sister of King James I. of Scotland, from whom he is lineally 
descended, Archibald Edmon stone, Esq., of Duntreath, in this 
kingdom, and of Eedhall, Ireland, who died in the year 1689, aged 
about 61 years." 

Mary Stuart, daughter of Eobert III., was thrice married. Her 
third husband was Sir William Edmonstone, of Duntreath, in 
whose burial-place she was interred. The grave was opened about 
thirty years ago, when the skull of the deceased princess was found 
entire. She was mother of James Kennedy, Bishop of St. Andrews, 
who in 1455 founded St. Salvator's College in that city, and of 
Patrick Graham, the first Archbishop of St. Andrews. 




In the old church of Alloa the noble family of Mar formerly 
interred. A tombstone commemorates Charles Erskine, tenth 
Earl of Mar, and several of his sons ; it is thus inscribed : 

" P. M. Caroli Ereskin, comitis de Mar, parentis optimi, nati die 
xix. mensis Octob. anno MDCL. denati die xxiii. mensis April 
anno MDCLXXXIX. Ut et Georgii uuius et alterius, Caroli item 
unius et alterius, et Francisci, fratrum impuberum ; Joannes haeres 
ex asse, itidem comes, patri pientissimo et germanis desidera- 
tissimis posuit, A. MDCCIX." 

Charles, Earl of Mar, raised in 1679 the 21st Regiment of Foot 
or Royal Scots Fusiliers, of which he was appointed colonel. 

A monument in the old church celebrated Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas, Earl of Kinnoul, and first wife of John, eleventh Earl of 
Mar. The inscription was as follows : 

" P. M. Margaritas, Thomae Hay, comitis de Kinnoul filiae natee 
die xxx. mensis Septemb. anno MDCLXXXVI. de natae die xxv. 
mensis April anno MDCCVII. Et Joannis filioli trimestris, 
Joannes Ereskin, comes de Mar, conjugi bene de se meritae et 
gnato dulcissimo posuit anno MDCCIX." 

John, eleventh Earl of Mar, was Secretary of State for Scotland 
in 1706. He was mainly instrumental in the rising of 1715, and 
accordingly suffered attainder; he died at Aix-la-Chapelle in 1732. 

A family mausoleum, erected in 1818, contains the remains of 
John Francis, fifteenth Earl of Mar, who died in 1866, and of 


Walter Coningsby Erskine, twelfth Earl of Kellie, who died in 

In the interior of St. John's Episcopal Church a monumental 
cross commemorates the late Earl of Mar ; it is thus inscribed : 

"Sacred to the memory of John Francis Miller Erskine, ninth* 
Earl of Mar, and eleventh Earl of Kellie, who died on the 19th day 
of June, 1866, in the 71st year of his age. This tablet was erected 
by the founder of this church, Walter Coningsby Erskine, twelfth 
Earl of Kellie, &c., as a mark of esteem and affection for his cousin, 
whose remains rest in the neighbouring family vault." 

Two other tablets in St. John's Church commemorate members 
of the Mar family ; the inscriptions are as follow : 

" This tablet is erected by Lieut.-Col. W. C. Erskine, C.B., of 
H.M. Bengal Army, in memory of his beloved father, the Honble. 
H. D. Erskine (son of John Francis, 12th Earl of Mar), who died 
at Schaw Park on 30th December, 1846, aged 70 years. And of 
his beloved Mother, Mary Anne, wife of the above, who died at 
Wakefield on the 4th March, 1860, aged 78 years. Also in 
memory of his Brothers : John Francis, late of the Bengal Army, 
who died in Edinburgh 29th September, 1845, aged 36 years. 
Henry David, a Captain in the Royal Marines, who died at sea, 
7th December, 1852, aged 37 years ; Charles Thomas, in Holy 
Orders, who died at Wakefield, 5th November, 1861, aged 40 

" Sacred to the memory of Amelia Frances, who died at Sylbet, 
in India, on the 27th of October, 1838, aged 2 years and 4 months. 
Marion Elise, who died at Sylbet, in India, on the 24th of July, 
1840, aged 1 year and 7 months, Francis Charles, who died at 
Laudour, in India, on the 13th June, 1844, aged 1 year and 6 
months. John Arthur Coningsby, who died at Schaw Park, 14th 
of January, 1849, aged 3 years. Henry David Muirson, who died 
at Schaw Park 14th of January, 1849, aged 18 months. Arthur 
Coningsby Delainain, who died at Inbulpore, in India, 6th of April, 

* This is one of those errors in monumental inscriptions which are much to be 
deplored. In the tablet commemorative of his father, of which the legend is pre- 
sented in the text, Colonel Walter Coningsby Erskine, afterwards twelfth Earl of 
Kellie, describes his grandfather, John Francis, as "twelfth Earl of Mar." In the 
present legend he desciibes his grandfather's descendant as "ninth earl." The dis- 
crepancy is entitled to remark, since it is one of those which have not unfrequently 
proved a stumblingblock to genealogists. The late Earl of Mar was fifteenth earl. 


1854, aged 1 year and 10 months, children of Lieut.-Col. Walter 
Coningsby Erskine, C.B., and of Elise his wife." 

In St. John's Church a marble tablet, which formerly stood in 
the east wall of the churchyard, commemorates John Alexander, 
an eminent bishop of the Scottish Episcopal Church. He was son 
of John Alexander, successively minister of Criech and Kildrummy, 
and who was deposed for joining the Rebellion of 1715. Epis- 
copal clergyman at Alloa, he was consecrated a bishop on the 9th 
August, 1743, and was allotted the diocese of Dunkeld. He died 
24th April, 1776, in his eighty-second year. He is commended by 
Bishop Keith for his piety and benevolence. He bequeathed his 
chapel at Alloa to his successors in office. 

In Alloa parish church an elegant monument celebrates Major 
Morison, of Greenfield. It is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of Major James Morison Foote Morison, of Green- 
field, in this parish, and of her Majesty's Staff Corps, formerly of 
the 29th Regiment Madras N. I., Nephew of the late Major-General 
Sir William Morison, of Greenfield, K.C.B., and M.P. for this 
county. He faithfully served his Country in the Army from 1842 
until his death at Madras on 29th May, 1867. He shared the 
danger and glory of several campaigns in India and China, while 
the amiability and integrity of his private life endeared him to his 
relatives and friends." 

In the churchyard Robert Johnston is on his tombstone cele- 
brated in these lines : 

" Before this Monument of stones 
Lie honest Robert Johnston's bones ; 
He lived devoutly, died in peace, 
Prompt by religion and grace, 
Endow'd a preacher for this place. 
With consent of his wife to lie 
Here by him when she falls to die, 
At her expense this tomb was raised 
For him whose worth she prized, and praised. 

Obit R J. Aug. 16, A.D. 1739." 
Johnston was a merchant in the place ; he bequeathed some 


property and the sum of 500 for the maintenance of an assistant 
minister in the parochial cure. 

A monument celebrates the Rev. William Moncrieff, of the 
Associate Church ; the inscription is as follows : 

" Beside this stone is reserved for the resurrection of the just, 
the earthly part of the Rev. William Moncrieff, minister of the 
Gospel, in the Associate Congregation at Alloa. Patris perdigni 
filius non degener. Likewise of Margaret Wilson, his spouse, who 
died in her 40th year, 1.8th Jany., 1778 ; and of Janet Watt, her 
mother, whom she survived nearly 17 years. Also of the eighth 
and tenth of their twelve children three sons and nine daughters 
Rachel and Matthew, who died within their first year, 1770 
and 1772. He rested from his labours on 14th of August, 1786, in 
the 57th year of his life, the 37th year of his ministry, and 24th 
year of his being employed by the Associate Synod as their 
Professor of Divinity. 

" He was an able, practical, and faithful preacher of the Gospel 
in its unadulterated purity and simplicity, not with enticing words 
of man's wisdom, and continued a zealous supporter of the Refor- 
mation testimony according to the genuine state of the Secession 
church, leaving his name in good remembrance among the true 
friends of that cause." 

The following lengthy inscription commemorates the Rev. James 
Muckersie : 

" To the Memory of the Rev. James Muckersie, son of the Rev. 
John Muckersie, Minister at Kinkell, and grandson of the Rev. 
William Wilson, minister at Perth, one of the four brethren, the 
founders of the Secession Church. This Monument is erected by 
the first Associate Congregation of Alloa, of which he was pastor 
(ever beloved and revered) from his ordination, on the 21st Feb- 
ruary, 1788, till the 8th of March, 1827, in the 40th year of his 
ministry, and the 67th of his age, when he gently fell asleep in 
Jesus. He possessed mental excellences, seldom in the same 
degree combined : a sound and vivid understanding, an elegant 
taste, a cheerful temper, and a sympathizing and benevolent heart, 
even from a child his delight was in the Holy Scriptures. The 
work of the ministry was his early choice. His literary and 
theological acquirements were ample and various. His pulpit 
discourses were characterized by a mild radiance of evangelical 
truth, by a winning sanctity of spirit and tendency, by a chaste 
sympathy of style, and by a grave and unhesitating utterance. He 


discharged his other official duties, whether among his people at 
large or among the afflicted, the destitute, the aged, and the young, 
with calm diligence and affectionate wisdom. His habits were 
domestic, and in his family he was equally benign. In his general 
intercourse with society he maintained an easy but firm dignity ; 
and exerted for unpatronized and unknown talent, for unfortunate 
rectitude, and for many a useful public institution, a general influ- 
ence widely effective. In all the deliberative preparations for the 
union of the two great bodies of Seceders he was conscientiously 
co-operative : its happy consummation gladdened his heart ; and 
he never ceased to evince, as he had always done, a determined 
but liberal zeal for the principles of the Secession Church, as the 
most congenial to the spirit and conducive to the ends of the 
Protestant Eeformation." 

In the churchyard the adherents of the West United Presby- 
terian Church have thus commemorated 'on a tablet two of their 
late pastors and their families : 

" In Memory of the Eev. Thomas Waters, first Minister of the 
Associate Burgher Congregation, who died on the 1st Aug., 1809, 
in the 74th year of his age and 41st of his ministry, in the firm 
belief and assured hope of that Gospel which he faithfully 

"And the Eev. William Fraser, sometime of Crail, and after- 
wards for forty-three years the faithful Pastor of West U. P. 
Congregation, who adorned throughout his life the doctrines which 
he preached, and died in the esteem of his fellow-men on the 3rd 
Septr., 1853, in the 74th year of his age and 51st of his ministry. 

"And also of his children, Andrew, who died 12th Feby., 1812, 
aged two months. John, who died 1st Feby., 1819, aged 9 years. 
Magdalene, who died 31st Deer., 1837, aged 17 years." 

The tombstone of the Rev. James Maxton, minister of the parish, 
is thus inscribed : 

"The Eev. James Maxton, Minister of this parish, died 19th 
March, 1828, in the 63rd year of his age and 25th of his Ministry. 
Jean Bald, his wife, died 7th February, 1824, aged 38. Their 
children, Jean, died 22nd March, 1852, aged 55. Fanny, died llth 
May, 1827, aged 28. Alexander, died at Montreal, 1839, aged 36." 

A tombstone commemorates the Eev. Peter Brotherston, D.D., 


minister of the parish, who died on the 7th of July, 1862, in 
the eighty-third year of his age and the fifty-fourth of his 

Alexander Bald, author of the " Corndealer's Assistant," who 
died 2nd September, 1823, in his seventy-ninth year, has on his 
gravestone these lines : 

" With simple truth, it may indeed be said 
Here in the dust a worthy man is laid, 
Vice he abhorred, the Christian path he trod, 
Just in his actions, faithful to his God. 
Useful he lived, devoid of all offence, 
By nature sensible, well bred by sense, 
The Saviour's precepts were his rule and end, 
An upright servant, and a faithful friend." 

Mr. Bald was father of Eobert Bald, the distinguished mining 
engineer, who died 28th December, 1861, aged eighty-six, and of 
Alexander Bald, a respectable song-writer and patron of literary 
merit, who was born at Alloa 9th June, 1783, and died 21st 
October, 1859. 

On the tombstone of James Mclsack, bookseller, who died 15th 
May, 1834, aged sixty-six, are these lines : 

" For all the books I've bound 

Here now with valley clods, , 

In sheets I'm rotting under ground, 

Death makes as mighty odds ! 

Waiting the finul dawn 

Mine ashes here are laid ; 
Life's labour's o'er, and I'm withdrawn, 

Here have I found my bed." 

In the old burial-ground a schoolmaster is commemorated 
thus : 

" To guide the thoughts of youth to pious lore, 

To guard from ill and show the path of right, 
Their minds with solid principle to store, 

He laboured much and laboured with delkrht. 


" To earn vain wealth and honours he ne'er wrought, 

Content if Heaven but gave his soul to live 
For truth and peace he ever fondly sought, 
Since these alone a lasting portion give." 

Bailie Robert Forman's tombstone formerly bore these lines : 

" Stay, passenger, consider well 
That thou ere long with me must dwell ; 
Since thou on earth hast but short stay, 
Remember then to watch and pray, 
To honour God with fear and dread, 
Learn thou this lesson from the dead." 

A tombstone bearing date 1719 has the following legend : 

" The Law says doe, and ye shall live ; 
The Gospel sayes ye most believe : 
The Law is just indeed and good, 
Yet it can give noe spiritual food, 
Because believing comes in its room 
To save poor sinners from its doom 
By Christ the Son of God. 
Sae hair I ly in sweet repose 
Because when risen I'll rejoice 
And theire in heaven sweetly sing 
Praise to Jehovah King." 

Within the old church of Tullibody are monuments commemo- 
rating several members of the noble house of Abercromby. A 
monument celebrates George Abercromby of Skeith and Tulli- 
body ; it was reared by his cousin and successor Alexander, second 
son of Sir Alexander Abercromby, first baronet of Birkenbog, and 
is thus inscribed : 

"P. M. Georgii Abercrombie de Tulibodie, beneficentise et libe- 
ralitati assueti, injuriarum immeuioris, beneficii memoris, cognatis 
benefici, amicis grati, vicinis chari ; ob incorruptam mentem, 
inviolatam fidem, in justo proposito constantiam, verae amiciti.'B 
cultum, simulate odium et opportunam festivitatem, nemini 
secundi: ad extremum usque spiritum, vitam egit immaculatam, 
ccelebs vixit et obiit 26, die mensis Junii, anno Dom. 1699. ^Etat 
74. In cujus commemorationem, et benignitatis erga adoptivum 
meritissimam recordationem, scpulehrali 1 , hoc monumentum ex- 


truxit Alexander Abercrombie. Nee euro me, ipse incertus quo 

By the following inscription on a handsome cenotaph is com- 
memorated General Sir Kalph Abercromby, the hero of Alex- 
andria : 

" General Sir Ralph Abercromby, K.B., eldest son of the late 
George Abercromby, Esq., of Tullibody, and Mary Dundas, 
daughter of the late Ralph Dundas, Esq., of Manor, was mortally 
wounded in a battle, fought 21st March, 1801, with the French 
near Alexandria, in Egypt ; and died the 28th of said month on 
board of a ship in the Bay of Aboukir; and interred at Malta, 
with Military Honours. Aged 66 years." 

Ralph Abercromby was born in 1738, and entered the army as 
a cornet of dragoons in 1756. From 1774 to 1780 he represented 
the county of Kinross in Parliament. He was afterwards profes- 
sionally engaged in Flanders and Holland ; he served under the 
Duke of York in the campaigns of 1794 and 1795. He was in 
1795 appointed commander-in-chief of the troops employed against 
the French in the West Indies ; his successes in this expedition 
were signally brilliant. Having held the successive offices of 
Governor of the Isle of Wight and Commander-in-Chief in Ireland 
and Scotland, he became first commander of the expedition for 
restoring the Prince of Orange as Stadth older. He afterwards dis- 
tinguished himself at the landing at Aboukir on the 8th March, 
1801, and on the 21st of the same month gained the great battle 
of Alexandria. From the effects of a musket wound received in 
action he expired a few days thereafter. To his memory a monu- 
ment was reared in St. Paul's Cathedral, and his widow was 
created a baroness. 

The Baroness Abercromby, relict of Sir Ralph Abercromby, is 
interred in the church of Tullibody. Her monument is thus 
inscribed : 

" Mary Ann, daughter of John Menzies, Esq., of Fern Tower, 
Baroness Abercromby, Widow of General Sir Ralph Abercromby, 
was born the 4th day of April, 1747, and died llth February, 


1821 ; possessed of every gentle virtue that adorns the female 
character, she fulfilled in an exemplary manner as a Wife, a 
Mother, and a Friend, every duty of this life; while in its 
vicissitudes ' her faith and piety never ceased to anticipate a 

Memorial tablets commemorate George, Baron Abercromby, and 
his amiable baroness. The inscriptions are as follow : 

"Sacred to the Memory of Montague, Baroness Abercromby, 
born 30th April, 1772, died 10th March, 1837. After a long and 
severe illness, when returning strength seemed to hold out the 
promise of future health, she was unexpectedly removed from the 
midst of her family and friends. Those who knew her require no 
monument to keep her in their affectionate remembrance, but 
when they like Her shall have been gathered to their rest, this 
tablet may then serve to remind her descendants that born to 
high station she formed the centre round which the affections of 
her family clung, while she was the channel through which com- 
fort and happiness were diffused over the wide circle of all around 
her. Her remains were committed to the tomb amidst the heart- 
felt tears of those who had known her and loved her in life, and in 
the humble hope of her resurrection to an eternal reward through 
the merits of her Eedeemer." 

" Here, by the side of his beloved partner in life, repose the 
mortal remains of George, Baron Abercromby, Lord Lieutenant of 
the county of Stirling. He was the eldest son of General Sir 
Ralph Abercromby, and Mary Ann Menzies, and was born on 
the 14th October, 1770. For many years he represented his native 
county of Clackmannan in Parliament. While he abstained from 
mingling in the strife of party, he quietly but earnestly advanced 
the true interests of his country ; in the promotion of which he 
bore his part, and lived to see accomplished many most important 
legislative measures. Residing on his property, he justly earned 
for himself the title of an upright magistrate, a kind landlord, and 
a generous friend. To the oppressed he was ever open, and his 
sound judgment always at their service ; and the unfeigned tears 
of the poor bore testimony to his never-failing but unostentatious 
charity. Beloved by his children, esteemed by all who had the 
good fortune to know him, and in full reliance on the merits and 
mercies of his Redeemer, he closed his mortal career on the 18th 
February, 1843, bequeathing to those who follow him a bright 
example of spotless integrity, unwearied benevolence, and unaf- 
fected piety." 


George Ralph, Baron Abercromby, son of the preceding, is cele- 
brated thus : 

" In Memory of George Ralph, 2nd Baron Abercromby, lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the Army and Lord Lieutenant of the County of 
Clackmannan. He was born on the 30th of May, 1800, and after 
enduring for several years the calamity of the loss of sight with 
great patience and cheerful resignation to the will of God, was 
suddenly removed by death on the 25th of June, 1852. 'Watch 
therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord cometh ; but the 
end of all things is at hand ; be ye therefore sober, and watch 
unto prayer.' " 

In Tullibody churchyard an exposed sarcophagus is known as 
the Maiden's Stone. According to tradition, Peter Beaton, priest of 
Tullibody, about the year 1449 became enamoured of Martha, only 
child of Wishart, laird of Myreton. In the hope that her lover 
would renounce his priestly vows, the lady reciprocated his affec- 
tion. He proved insincere. Lured by the prospect of ecclesiastical 
advancement, he forsook the maiden, who died of blighted affection. 
As her dying request, she entreated her father to enclose her 
remains in a sarcophagus, to be placed at the door by which her 
unworthy lover entered the church to perform his priestly offices. 
The position has not been changed. 


The parish church contains the remains of many members of 
the illustrious House of Bruce.* Within the church a monument 
commemorates Robert Bruce, of Kennet, one of the Senators of the 
College of Justice, who died 8th April, 1785, aged sixty-six; also 
his son, Alexander Bruce, of Kennet, who died 12th July, 1808. 
In the churchyard a monument celebrates the late Robert Bruce, 
of Kennet ; it is inscribed thus : 

* Lothian's " Alloa and its Environs," p. 60. 


"Robert Bruce, Esq., born at Kennet, 8th December, 1785. In 
1813 he entered the army, and served in the Grenadier Guards in 
the Peninsula and at Waterloo. Beloved and lamented he died at 
Kennet, 13th August, 1864." 

Mr. Bruce was son of Alexander Bruce of Kennet, and grandson 
of Robert Bruce of Kennet, Lord of Session. From 1820 to 1824 
he was Member of Parliament for the county of Clackmannan ; he 
was afterwards Convener of the County, and having an aptitude 
for business he obtained many other public offices. Some years 
before his death he was a claimant for the Burleigh Peerage, 
as heir of line through his great-grandmother. In 1868 the 
House of Peers affirmed the claim to his son, Alexander Hugh 
Bruce, who on the reversal of the attainder the year following 
assumed the title of Baron Burleigh. 

In Clackmannan churchyard a monument, erected by William 
Wylie, farmer, commemorates his children. His second son, 
James, a physician, settled in Russia, and became medical attend- 
ant to the Emperor Nicholas. He received the honour of knight- 
hood, and amassed a large fortune. Sir James Wylie died at St. 
Petersburg in February, 1854, aged eighty-six. 

Tombstones commemorate the Rev. Robert Moodie, D.D., minister 
of the parish, who died 30th April, 1832 ; the Rev David Lindsay, 
who died 21st October, 1834; and the Rev. Peter Balfour, minister 
of the parish, who died 18th March, 1862, in his sixty-eighth year, 
and thirty-fourth of his ministry. 


In a sequestered spot by the bank of the Devon is the burial- 
place of the family of Tait, formerly of Harviestoun. On a hand- 
some monument the late Crawfurd Tait is thus celebrated : 

" Crawfurd Tait, Esq. of Harviestoun, died May, 1832, aged 67. 
His taste adorned this lovely valley, in the bosom of which he lies. 
His genius, in advance of the age in \\hich he lived, originated in 


a great measure the improvement of the district, and pointed the 
way to much throughout the country destined to be accomplished 
by a future generation. His children, thankful for Abraham's 
gift, a Tomb, and the promise of a Redeemer, here record his name 
in humble hope that, though the place which knew him shall know 
him no more, he has, through Christ, found a home ' not made 
with hands, eternal in the heavens.' " 

The poet Burns was entertained by Mr. Tait at Harviestoun ; he 
composed, in memorial of his visit, his songs commencing " How 
pleasant the banks of the clear winding Devon," and " Sweetest 
maid on Devon's banks." Mr. Tait's youngest son, Dr. Archibald 
Campbell Tait, born 22nd December, 1811, was on the 4th 
February, 1869, enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Colonel Tait, third son of Crawfurd Tait, of Harviestoun, is on 
his monument commemorated in these lines : 

"To the Memory of Colonel Thomas F. Tait, C.B., and A.D.C. 
to the Queen, third son of Crawfurd Tait, Esq., of Harviestoun. 
He served in India with much distinction, commanding the Third 
Bengal Irregular Cavalry (Tait's Horse) in the campaigns of 
Aff'ghanistan, the Sutlej, and the Punjaub. He died on 16th 
March, 1859, surrounded by his brothers and sisters in the house 
of his youngest brother, the Bishop of London, and is buried at 

Loving Brother, 

Faithful Friend, 

Gallant Soldier, 

Best in Christ." 

To the credit of this amiable and excellent family we present 
an inscription from another monument, celebrating two of their 
domestics : 

" Sacred to the Memory of Betty Morton and Mary Russell, who 
lived as faithful nurses and servants in the family of Crawfurd 
Tait, Esq., of Harviestoun, the former for 30, the latter for 50 

" Not with eyeservice as menpleasers, but as the servants of 

" They cherished our childhood, 
They comforted our youth." 


" They directed our thoughts to that heavenly country, where, 
through our Redeemer's love; we hope to meet them again. 
" Erected by the family, 1856." 

In Dollar churchyard a monumental tablet commemorates 
the Eev. John Gray, of Teasses, minister of the parish, who died 
16th February, 1745, in his sixty-fifth year and forty-fifth of his 
ministry. For many years Mr. Gray acted as a private banker, 
much to the convenience of his neighbours and his own prosperity. 
There are tombstones commemorating the Rev. John Watson, 
minister of the parish, who died 16th December, 1815, and his 
successor, the Rev. Andrew Mylne, D.D., who died 27th October, 
1856, in his eighty-first year, and forty-first of his ministry. Dr. 
Mylne was author of several educational works. 




Isr the parish churchyard is the family burial-place of Sir 
Andrew Eamsay of Abbotshall. This notable person was son of 
the Rev. Andrew Ramsay, successively minister of Arbuthnot, and 
of Grey friars, and the Old Church, Edinburgh, and Principal of 
the university of that city. Engaging in mercantile concerns in 
the capital, he was in 1654 elected Provost of Edinburgh, and 
held that civic office for many years. In 1667 he obtained 
authority from Charles II. to assume the designation of Lord 
Provost, with precedence similar to that enjoyed by the Lord 
Mayor of London. He was sworn of the Privy Council and 
admitted an ordinary lord of session on the 23rd November, 
1671. Dreading impeachment for malversation as a magistrate, 
he retired from the office of Lord Provost, and from his judgeship 
in November, 1673. He afterwards resided on his estate of 
Abbotshall, where he died, 17th January, 1688. 

In the parish church an elegant monument celebrates Robert 
Ferguson, of Raith, Lord Lieutenant of Fifeshire. This amiable 
and accomplished gentleman was born in 1767. He passed 
advocate in 1791, and afterwards engaged in Continental travel. 
Detained in France by the Government of the Revolution, he 
became an associate of the celebrated Baron Cuvier, and was 
elected a member of the Institute. In 1806 he was chosen M.P. 
for Fifeshire. After the passing of the Reform Bill he was returned 
to Parliament for the Kirkcaldy burghs. In 1837 he was appointed 



Lord Lieutenant of Fifeshire. He died at London, 3rd December. 

In the grounds of Raith, in an elevated and picturesque spot, 
an altar-tomb commemorates the late Colonel Robert Munro 
Ferguson, of Raith, son of General Sir Ronald Ferguson, G.C.B., 
of Raith. This estimable gentleman was born in 1802. Entering 
the army, he became Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of the 79th 
Regiment. Succeeding to the estate of Raith in 1841, he was 
elected M.P. for the Kirkcaldy burghs, which he continued to 
represent till 1862. Colonel Ferguson died at Raith on the 27th 
November, 1868. 


In the parish churchyard Alexander and John Bethune, two 
ingenious brothers in humble life, are interred in the same grave. 
These remarkable persons were born in the condition of agricul- 
tural labourers. The elder brother was only a few months at 
school ; the younger was entirely self-taught. Amidst the toils 
incident to a life of manual labour, they contrived to surmount 
the disadvantages of their humble lot ; they procured books, and 
obtained an acquaintance with general literature. Alexander 
published " Tales and Sketches of the Scottish Peasantry ; " John 
composed admirable verses, which were published posthumously. 
To a native delicacy of constitution both the brothers early 
succumbed. John died in 1839, at twenty-seven; Alexander in 
1843, at thirty-nine. On a plain tombstone, erected at the brothers' 
grave, are inscribed these lines : 

" This is a place of fear, the firmest eye 

Hath quailed to see its shadowy dreaminess ; 
But Christian hope and heavenly prospects high, 

And earthly cares and nature's weariness, 
Have made the timid pilgrim cease to fear, 
And long to end his peaceful journey here." 



Attached to the ruin of the old parish church of Abercrombie 
is the ancient burial-place of the House of Abercrombie of that 
ilk. Built in the western gable of the church an old tombstone 
bears, in raised letters, these words : 

" Here lyes ane honourable man, Thomas Abercrombie, of that 
ilk, quha deceased in the yeir ." 

In the centre of the tombstone is engraved the family shield, 
representing three boars' heads, the armorial insignia of the house. 
Thomas Abercrombie died about the year 1520. He was ancestor 
of the Abercrombies, baronets of Birkenbog, and of the Lords 
Abercromby and Dunfermline. 

Disused as a place of worship since 1646, when the parishes of 
Abercrombie and St. Monance were conjoined, the area of the 
church forms the burial-place of the Anstruthers, baronets of 
Balcaskie, and of the parochial incumbents. On the south wall of 
the church, a monument commemorates Sir Philip Anstruther, 
second baronet of Balcaskie, .who died in 1763. He was succeeded 
in the baronetcy and estates by Eobert, his eldest son, who also 
is interred and commemorated in the church. He died 2nd 
August, 1818. The eldest son of this baronet, Brigadier-General 
Eobert Anstruther was the companion-in-arms of Sir John Moore. 
He commanded the rearguard of the army at Corunna. From the 
fatigue endured in the battle he died on the 14th January, and 
was interred in the north-east bastion of the citadel of Corunna. 
Sir John Moore was by his express desire buried by his side. In 
the east gable of Abercrombie church a handsome monument 
celebrates his valour and patriotism. 

Sir Ealph Abercrombie Anstruther, fourth baronet, elder son of 
General Anstruther, is celebrated by a monument on the north wall 
of the church. Born on the 12th March, 1804, he entered the 
army and became a captain in the Grenadier Guards. Succeeding 


his grandfather in 1818, he thereafter devoted himself to the im- 
provement of his estates. For many years he was Convener of 
the County. On the 20th December, 1859, he was chosen Rector 
of the University of St. Andrews, being the first layman who ever 
held that office. After a period of failing health, he died on the 
18th August, 1863. 

Sir Ealph married, in 1831, Mary Jane, eldest daughter of 
Major-General Sir Henry Torrens, K.C.B. In Abercrombie church 
a small marble monument commemorates Sarah, wife of Sir Henry, 
and daughter of Colonel Eobert Paton, of Kinaldy, sometime 
Governor of St. Helena. 

A mural tablet commemorates the Rev. Robert Swan, minister 
of the parish, who died 16th November, 1849, in the seventy- 
seventh year of his age, and forty-sixth of his ministry. 

In the churchyard a massive tombstone, of Aberdeen granite, 
commemorates the family of Cooper, who. for 350 years rented the 
farm of Stenton, in this parish. From a branch of this family, 
which removed to England, the poet Cowper is believed to have 
been descended. 

A handsome obelisk celebrates John Rodger, of St. Monance, 
one of the representatives of the Roxburghshire family of Roger, 
which early settled in Fifeshire. 

By a Latin inscription an old tombstone commemorates Robert 
Nicol, physician, in Cupar, who 'died in 1579, aged seventy-two 
years. On an altar-stone is inscribed the name of Alexander 
Ireland, "who deceased in the fear of God, 1639, aged 52 years." 

The churchyard of St. Monance surrounds the church of that 
name, a fine Gothic structure, reared in 1366 by David II., in 
honour of St. Monan,* and which was restored in 1827 under the 
superintendence of Sir Walter Scott. In the church were buried 
the Barons of Newark, including the celebrated General David 

* Monamus or Monan was Archdeacon of St Andrews. With Adrian, Bishop of 
St. Andrews, and many others, he was slain by the Danes in the Monastery of the Isle 
of Mary, about the year 874 (Breviary of Aberdeen). 


Leslie. In the north transept a handsome marble cenotaph 
commemorates Lieutenant Henry Anstruther, who fell at the 
battle of the Alma on the 20th September, 1854. Younger 
son of Sir Ealph A. Anstruther, Bart., he was born on the 
4th June, 1836. In his sixteenth year he entered the army as 
ensign of the 23rd Eoyal Welsh Fusiliers, and from his soldierly 
qualities afforded excellent promise of professional eminence. He 
died in his eighteenth year. His monument bears that it was 
reared by residents on his father's estates, " as a tribute to his 
simple faith, affectionate heart, and undaunted courage, and as a 
token of their deep sorrow for his early but glorious death." 

In St. Monance churchyard rest the remains of Thomas Mathers, 
fisherman, an ingenious poet. With a limited education, and amidst 
a career of severest toil, Mathers contrived to cherish the lyric 
Muse. He published a volume entitled "Musings in Verse," 
which contains much respectable poetry. He died on the 25th 
September, 1851, aged fifty-seven. From tombstones in St. 
Monance churchyard we have the following quaint inscriptions. 
Of Mrs. Barron, of Barren Hall, her survivor remarks, 

" Her excellence indeed to all 
Was so brilliant and rare, 
That very few in social life 
Could once with her compare." 

On the tombstone of one who died young are these lines : 

" My dear relations, pray again, 
Obey the Lord, and follow me ; 
Prepare for death, make no delay, 
You see God soon took me away." 


Near the west end of the parish church is the ancient burial- 
vault of the Earls of Morton. The vault, which is in a state of 
entire disrepair, has strewn on its surface the remains of eight 


leaden eoflius. One of these is inscribed with the name of James, 
fifteenth Earl of Morton, who died 13th October, 1768. This noble 
representative of the House of Douglas was devoted to scientific 
pursuits, and founded the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh. He 
was elected President of the Royal Society, and was a Trustee of 
the British Museum. 

In the side wall of the church a tablet commemorates the Rev 
Robert Blair, minister of St. Andrews, who died at Meikle Couston, 
in this parish, on the 27th August, 1666. This distinguished divine 
was born at Irvine, Ayrshire, in 1593. He studied at the University 
of Glasgow, and was appointed a regent of that college in his 
twenty-second year. He afterwards ministered to a Presbyterian 
congregation at Bangor, in Ireland. Intending to emigrate to New. 
England with some other ministers, he proceeded on shipboard, 
but was driven back by a storm. Returning to Scotland he some- 
time ministered at Ayr ; he was afterwards settled by the General 
Assembly at St. Andrews. In 1640 he accompanied the Scottish 
army into England, and assisted in negotiating the peace at Ripon. 
In 1645 he went to Newcastle to reason with Charles I., and 
on the death of Alexander Henderson was appointed his Majesty's 
chaplain. After the Restoration he suffered from the tyranny of 
Archbishop Sharpe, by whom he was prohibited from preaching 
within twenty miles of St. Andrews. His latter years were spent 
in the neighbourhood of Aberdour (Vol. L, 40, 200). 

In Aberdour churchyard, Robert Moyes, who died in 1725, is 
celebrated thus : 

" Here lyes interr'd below this ston 

A man of vertus rare, 
Of justice, probity, and truth, 

Few with him could compare. 
Yea, virtues all in him combin'd 

Each one outweigh'd y other, 
Y l in y l place where he did live 

You'd scarce find such another, 
Yet death y' strikes a' all alike 

Has vanquished him at last, 
The body to y e dust has sent, 

His soul's to glory past." 


The monastery of Inchcolm, situated on the island of this name 
in the Firth of Forth, belongs to this parish. It was founded by- 
Alexander I. in 1123, and dedicated to St. Columba. The heart of 
Kichard of Inverkeithing, Chamberlain of Scotland, who died in 
1272, was deposited in the choir. For a course of centuries the 
ecclesiastics of Dunkeld buried at Inchcolm. All the monuments 
have disappeared. 


In the parish church a monument commemorates Rear-Admiral 
William Black, a native of the place, who died in 1846. He be- 
queathed 14,000 to the Kirk Session for charitable purposes. 
His younger brother, Captain James Black, a distinguished naval 
officer, who died in 1835, is celebrated by a monument in the 
churchyard. Within the church a mural tablet, inscribed with 
initial letters, commemorates the Rev. John Dyks, minister of 
Kilrenny, who died 9th September, 1634. Mr. Dyks was an 
accomplished theologian, and a sufferer in the cause of Presbytery. 

Near the east side of the church a marble tablet commemorates 
John Chalmers, merchant, father of the celebrated Dr. Thomas 
Chalmers, and the members of his family. It is thus inscribed : 

" Erected in 1827 by their sorrowing grandchildren, 
To the Memory of 

John Chalmers, 
Late Merchant in Anstruther, 

Who died 26th July, 1818, in the 78th year of his age. 
And of his spouse, 

Elizabeth Hall, 
Who died 14th February, 1827, in the 77th year of her age. 

' Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord.' 

Within this burial-place are also interred the remains of five of 
their children, viz. : 


John, who died in infancy in 1785. 
George, who died in 1806, aged 29. 
Barbara, who died in 1808, aged 33. 
Lucy, who died in 1810, aged 37. 
Isabella, who died in 1824, aged 43. 
And also the remains of James Chalmers, Merchant in 


Father of John and son of the Rev. James Chalmers, Minister of 
the Gospel in Elie ; he died in 1788, aged 74. 

Barbara Anderson, 

The spouse of James Chalmers, and mother of John ; 
She died in 1793, aged 85. 

Christian Chalmers, 
The sister of James ; she died in 1793, aged 85. 

Thomas Ballardie, 

Late Master in the Navy, who died in 1809, aged 77. 
And his spouse Elizabeth Chalmers, sister of John ; 
She died in 1792, aged 50. 

Jean Chalmers, 
Sister of John ; she died 15th August, 1827, aged 75. 

Restored in 1867 by the grandchildren of John Chalmers. 

His other children not buried here, being then all dead, viz. : 

William, lost in the ' Queen,' at Rio Janeiro, in 1800, aged 22. 

David, died at sea, in 1811, aged 27. 
Alexander, Surgeon at Kirkcaldy, died 1829, aged 35. 

James, died at London, in 1839, aged 67. 

Thomas, D.D., D.C.L., died at Edinburgh, in 1847, aged 67. 

Helen, widow of the Rev. John McClellan, Kelton, 

Died at Edinburgh, 1854, aged 67. 

Patrick, died at Wishaw, in 1854, aged 64. 

Jane, wife of John Morton, died in Gloucestershire, in 1864, 

aged 76. 
Charles, died at Merchiston, Edinburgh, 1864, aged 72." 

In the churchyard, reared by public subscription, a monument 
commemorjates William Tennant, LL.D., author of " Anster Fair," 
and Professor of Oriental Languages in the University of St. 
Andrews. It is inscribed thus : 

"H. S. E. 

" Gulielmus Tennant, LL.D., in Coll. Beatie Mariae ad fanum 
Andreae LL. orient Prof, vir magnis animi dotibus insignis doctrina 


multiplici et exquisita ornatus, benignitate et comitate amabilis 
poeta, disertus, dulcis, facetus. 

" Natus in hoc oppido honesta stirpe et in Coll. S. Salv. et Divi 
Leon, apud Andreapolit optimis disciplinis institutus ann. xv in 
schola Dollariensi Litt. Humanior atque Orient, feliciter docuit 
deinde in almse matris sinum revocatus ibi annos fere xiv officio 
cumulate satisfecit tandem senio infirmaque valetudine confectus 
magno suorum et bonorum omnium desiderio supremum obiit diem 
Dollariae id Octobrib. A.D. MDCCCXLVIII et hie loci xiv proxim 
kal. Nov. inter cineres avorum conditus est. Vixit annos LXIV 
menses v. dies, x." 

Dr. Tennant was son of a small trader in Anstruther, where 
he was born on the 16th May, 1784. Being malformed in both 
his limbs, his parents sought to qualify him as a teacher. After 
studying at the University of St. Andrews for two sessions, he 
became clerk to his brother, a corn-factor, in Anstruther, while 
he devoted his leisure hours to self-culture. In 1813 he was 
elected schoolmaster of Dunino, near St. Andrews, and three 
years afterwards obtained the more lucrative office of parish 
teacher at Lasswade, near Edinburgh. In 1819 he was elected 
Classical Master of Dollar Academy, and in 1834 was promoted 
to the Professorship of Oriental Languages in St. Mary's College, 
St. Andrews. He died at Devongrove, near Dollar, on the 15th 
October, 1848. His poem "AnsterFair" appeared in 1812. He 
published a " Synopsis of Syriac and Chaldaic Grammar," and 
other works. 


A portion of a sarcophagus resting against the wall of the parish 
church is said to have belonged to St. Adrian, and to have 
been brought thither from the Isle of May. This islet is situated 
at the mouth of the Firth of Forth, about six miles distant from 
the Fifeshire coast. It contains a ruinous monastery, dedicated 
to St. Adrian. Eeared by David I., it was designated " The 


Priory of St. Ethernan, or St. Colman." It contains the remaining 
portion of St. Adrian's coffin. Adrian was Bishop of St. Andrews 
in the latter half of the ninth century. During an incursion of 
the Danes he took refuge, with some ecclesiastics and a large 
number of the Christian population, in the ancient monastery of 
this island, which, however, proved no respected sanctuary, for 
all were massacred. 

In the churchyard of Anstruther-wester an old tombstone, 
which has recently disappeared, bore the name of Friar Haldane, 
who ministered in the parish about the middle of the fifteenth 

At the east end of the church a tombstone denotes the resting- 
place of John Fairfull, minister of the parish, who died in 1626, 
aged eighty. He was father of Andrew Fairfowl, Bishop of 
Glasgow (Vol. I., 114). 

A tombstone marks the grave df Erskine Conolly, an ingenious 
and short-lived poet. Born at Crail on the 12th June, 1796, he 
was at an early age apprenticed to a bookseller in Anstruther. 
After some changes he engaged in legal pursuits, and practised as 
a solicitor in Edinburgh. He died on the 7th January, 1843. He 
composed " Mary Macneil," and other songs. 

An altar tombstone commemorates William Thomson, a magis- 
trate of the burgh, who died in 1797 ; he bequeathed 650 
to the parochial funds, of which the greater portion was to be 
employed in founding a bursary in connection with the Uni- 
versity of St. Andrews. 


The gravestone of David Ferry, schoolmaster, who died 1st June, 
172'6, aged 62, is inscribed thus : 

" Here doth a good man's aged .ashes dwell, 
Who conquer'd death by faith before he fell ; 


He's fond to flit into a proper sphere, 
Who traffics long with heaven and lives by prayer. 
Iii all the learning of the schools deep skill'd, 
Poor students found him generous and kind, 
On his love-feasts they very often dined ; 
He fed at once their body and their mind. 
No miser many of his goods did share, 
Food to the needy gave, and clothed the bare, 
Grace and good nature thro' his actions ran, 
By heaven approv'd, and loved of every man, 
Reader, receive instruction from this stone, 
And imitate his virtues when he's gone." ' 

On his tombstone Andrew Richardson, farmer, is thus com 
memorated : 

"Beneath this burial-stone a tenant lys, 
Nam'd Andrew Richardson, in Ridie Leys, 

Who died in May, 

The 'seventeenth day, 1736. 
A husbandman he was, who ploughed with art, 
In hope he sow'd, and thereof did partake, 
With skill the produce of the earth improv'd, 
And to his wife and children, whom he lov'd, 
With judgment he bequeathed his honest gain, 
When death to him appear'd, and to remain 
No more on earth did give the last command, 
Which neither king nor peasant can withstand, 
In which he acquiesc'd and bow'd his head, 
Submissive to the Divine will and died. 
Belov'd by all, by his dear wife lamented, 
Who on her proper charge this stone erected, 
His name to transmit to posterity 
With this MEMENTO, ' Thou and I must die.' " 


The Abbey of Balmerino was founded in 1227 by Queen 
Ermengarde, daughter of Richard de Beaumont, and second wife 
of William the Lion. She died on the llth February, 1233, and 


near the high altar of Balmerino Abbey her remains were honour- 
ably entombed. The spot is unmarked. 

Within the aisle of the old church are the sepulchral enclosures 
of the old families of Morrison of Naughton, and Scrimgeour- 
Wedderburn of Birkhill. A branch of the family of Stark also 
inter in the aisle. 

In the parish churchyard a tombstone bears, in raised letters, the 
following inscription: "Her layes ane faithful sestre Isabel Ramsay, 
spovs to Alexandr Mathev of Kirktovn of Balmerinoh, quha 
depertit the 8 day of Octobre, anno 1596, of age 61." The stone 
bears the arms of Matthew impaled with those of Ramsay. 

A tombstone belonging to the sixteenth century is thus 
inscribed : " Heir lyis ane honest man and faithful callit George 
Ramsay Burges and Brother Gild of Dundie and portioner of 
Boddumcraig, quha depairtit yis present lyfe 15 of December, and 
of his age 90." 

Tombstones commemorate Margaret Henderson, wife of James 
Knox, in Peasehil, who died in February, 1673 ; Christian Glen, 
portioner of C ultra and Bottomcraig, and spouse of John Wan, in 
St. Fort, who died in 1687, aged 67; and John Wyllie, parish 
schoolmaster, who died 17th December, 1705. 

A granite monument celebrates Robert Donaldson, of Rosebank, 
Aberdeenshire, founder of the Donaldson Fund for religious and 
educational purposes in the counties of Fife and Aberdeen. 
Mr. Donaldson was born in the adjacent parish of Kilmany, and 
died at Rosebank, 17th April, 1829, in his eightieth year. 

From tombstones in Balmerino churchyard we have the following 
metrical epitaphs the latter being a variation from Pope : 

" O father, mother, and brother dear, 
Weep not for us, though sleeping here, 
For in one time we think to rise, 
And strive to gain the glorious prize." 

" Whoe'er thou art, mortal man, draw near, 
Here lies the friend most loved, the spouse most dear, 


Who ne'er knew joy that friendship might divide, 
Or gave her husband grief but when she died. 
How vain is reason ! eloquence how weak ! 
The husband feels beyond what he can speak ! 
Oh, let thy once-loved friend inscribe thy stone, 
And with his children's sorrows mix his own." 


In the parish churchyard are numerous mottoes illustrative of 
the brevity and uncertainty of life. The following are specimens : 

" Head here as you pass by, 
Look on this grave wherein I lie ; 
From cares and sorrow I'm set free, 
Mourn for yourselves, but not for me." 

" No mortal man 

Can reach the peaceful sleepers here, 
While angels watch their soft repose." 

" How soon this life is past and gone, 
And death comes softly stealing on ! 
Then let us choose that narrow way 
Which leads no traveller's foot astray." 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates Robert Gillespie 
Smyth, of Gibliston ; major in the County Militia, and a Deputy 
Lieutenant. Son of Dr. James Gillespie, Principal of St. Mary's 
College, St. Andrews, he was born in that city on the 4th February, 
1777. He assumed the name of Smyth on his marriage with the 
heiress of Gibliston. He died at Gibliston on the llth November, 
1855. Mr. Smyth was esteemed for his beneficence. 



In the parish churchyard a monument celebrates the Rev. John 
Row, minister of the parish, and author of a History of the 
Church of Scotland. It contains in raised letters the following 
epitaph : 

" Hie jacet M. Jo. Row, pastor hujus Ecclesiae Fidelissimus : 
vixit acerrimus veritatis et fcederis Scoticani assertor: Hierarchias 
Pseudo-episcopalis et Romanorum rituum cordicitus osor : in 
frequenti symmistarum apostasia cubi instar constantissimus. 
Duxit Griselidem Fergussonam, cum qua annis 51 conjunctissime 
vixit. Huic Ecclesiae annis 54 prsefuit. Obiit lunii 26, anno 
Dom. 1646, aetatis 78. Obiit et ilia Januarii 30, 1659." 

Mr. Row was third son of John Row, minister of Perth, a 
celebrated reformer, who first introduced into Scotland the study 
of Hebrew literature. He was born in January, 1568. After 
teaching in different places, he was ordained minister of Aberdour 
in 1592. In July, 1606, he signed the Protest to Parliament against 
the introduction of Episcopacy. He was summoned before the 
Court of High Commission in 1619, and confined to his parish. 
He was a member of the celebrated General Assembly of 1638. 
He died in 1646, in the seventy-eighth year of his age, and 
fifty-fourth of his ministry. His " History of the Kirk of Scot- 
land from 1558 to 1637" has been published by the Wodrow 

On Mr. Row's monument are commemorated Margaret Gibbon, 
his grandchild, and her husband, Adam Stobie, of West Luscar. 
Mr. Stobie, who died in 1711, was a zealous Covenanter, and 
harboured many ministers and others who were persecuted by the 
Government of Charles II. He was some time imprisoned in the 
liass, and was condemned to transportation beyond seas, but 
the vessel in which he sailed landed on the coast of England, and 
he was permitted to escape. 



In the family mausoleum rest the remains of John, twentieth 
Earl of Crawford, who is appropriately commemorated. This 
eminent military commander was eldest son of John, nineteenth 
Earl of Crawford, and was born on the 4th October, 1702. He 
entered the army in 1726, but subsequently held several offices at 
Court, and sat in the House of Lords as a representative peer. 
Desirous of military distinction, he served in the army of the 
Emperor of Germany, then at war with France ; he distinguished 
himself at the battle of Claussen, in October, 1735. He next 
volunteered into the Russian service, joining the army of Field- 
Marshal Munich in his expedition against the Turks. In a 
sanguinary battle, fought on the 26th July, 1738, with the Turks 
and Tartars, he accompanied the Cossacks, and greatly distinguished 
himself by his dexterity. At the battle of Krotzka, near Belgrade* 
he was severely wounded in the left thigh. Returning to England 
he found himself advanced to the colonelcy of the Grenadier 
Guards. At the battle of Dettingen, fought on the 16th of July 
1743, he commanded the brigade of the Life Guards, acting with 
his usual skill and intrepidity. He distinguished himself at the 
battle of Fontenoy, in April, 1746, conducting the retreat in 
admirable order. During the Scottish Rebellion of 1745 he 
commanded the corps of 6,000 Hessians. He afterwards rejoined 
the army in the Netherlands, and evinced his accustomed valour at 
the battle of Roucoux, in October, 1746. After -some other import- 
ant services, he died at London on the 23rd December, 1749. 


In the parish churchyard a mortuary enclosure contains the 
remains of Sir James Melville, of Hallhill, the great diplomatist 
and statesman. On one of the walls is the following inscription : 

80 niT.SHIRE. 

" Ye loadin' pilgrims passing langs this way, 

Paus on your fall, and your offences past, 
For your frail flesh, first formit of the clay, 
In dust mon be dissolvit at the last. 
Repent, amend, on Christ the burden cast, 
Cf your sad sinnes who can your savls refresh, 
Syne raise from grave to gloir your grislie flesh. 

" Defyle not Christ's kirk with your carion, 
A solemn salt for God's service prepar'd, 
For praier, preaching, and communion, 
Your byrial should be in the kirk yard. 
On your uprising set your great regard, 
When savll and body joynes with joy to ring, 
In heaven, for ay, with Christ our Head and King." 

Third son of the proprietor of Eaith, Fifeshire, Sir James 
Melville, was born about the year 1535. He was page of honour 
to Queen Mary, when she was Consort of the Dauphin, and some 
time served under the Constable of France. He was afterwards 
employed by the Elector Palatine in negotiating with the German 
princes. In 1564 he returned to Scotland, when he was nominated 
a Privy Councillor. In two embassies to the English Court he 
announced to Queen Elizabeth the proposed marriage of his royal 
mistress with Lord Darnley, and the birth of James VI. He 
opposed Queen Mary's marriage with Bothwell, but subsequently 
gave his acquiescence and was present at the ceremony. By James 
VI. Melville was employed in various responsible offices. He died 
1st November, 1607. His " Memoirs," written for the use of his 
son, have been published. 


Within the parish church is preserved an ancient Runic 
cross. On its right side are a portion of a horse, a wild boar, 


the legs of a man, a second horse, and a ram. On the left side 
are presented a figure seated in a chair with the head of a bird, a 
portion of a horse and part of a dog. 

In the north-west corner of the churchyard is an elegant 
monument, belonging to the old House of Lumsdaine, of 
Airdrie. With the date 1598 is this inscription : 

" Prima decus thalamos et opes mihi contulit aetas 

Proxima et immeritis aucta periatis malis 
Vivere cum decore vixi, quod defuit sevi 
Mortalis, nobis vita beata dedit." 

An undated mural monument, of simple form, in the west wall 
of the churchyard celebrates John Douglas in these lines : 

" Of doughty Douglas, kind he came, 

And so he did well prove ; 
He lived always in good fame, 
And died with all men's love." 

A son of General Scott, of Balcomie, who died young, is interred 
in the church. 

In the churchyard a handsome monument commemorates Robert 
Inglis, of Kirkmay, who died 6th January, 1834, aged sixty-one. 
A native of the parish, Mr. Inglis realized a fortune in India: 
he was distinguished for his beneficence. 

From a plain gravestone we have the following: 

" Here lies a woman who was virtuous inclined, 
She was not in the least to any vice inclined; 
Though to her praise but little is set forth, 
Blame ye my pen, but magnify her worth." 


A tombstone discovered in the parish church, under the pave- 
ment, represents a man clad in mail, and a lady in an embroidered 
robe. On two shields are emblazoned the arms of the families 


82 M:K. 

of Barclay and Douglas. On the bevelled edge of the stone is 
the following inscription: 

" Hie jacet David Barclay de . . . us de . . . qui obiit 
die mensis . . . anno diy. M mo CCCC. 

" Hie jacet Helena de Douglas uxor predicity qui obiit XXIX 
die mensis Januarii anno di. M CCCCXXI." 

In the churchyard rest the remains of David Cook, of Carphin 
and Luthrie, who died 8th June, 1865. Mr. Cook was a native of 
Auchterderran ; as an engineer in Glasgow he attained a large 
fortune. His latter years were spent in the quiet exercise of 


On Walton Hill is the modern mausoleum of the noble House 
of Crawford. It is of Greek architecture, and was raised by 
James x the fifth earl. 

In the parish church, a monument sculptured by Chantrey 
commemorates the Eev. David Wilkie, minister of the parish ; it 
was erected by his son, Sir David Wilkie, the eminent painter. 
Mr. Wilkie was born oh the farm of Eatho-byres, near Edinburgh, 
in 1738. Licensed to preach in May, 1770, he was ordained 
minister of Cults in April, 1774. He died 30th November, 1812, 
in his seven-fourth year, and the thirty-ninth of his ministry. 

A tombstone in the churchyard is thus inscribed : 

" Here lies, retired from mortal strife, 
A man who lived a happy life, 
A happy life and sober too, 
A thing that all men ought to do." 


In the parish burial-ground a monument, supposed to have been 
executed in Holland, celebrates the Eev. William Scott, minister of 


the first charge, and an eminent upholder of Presbyterianism. 
Son of Eobert Scott, in Mylnedene, and " eighty-third " in descent 
from the ancient family of Balwearie, Mr. Scott took his degree at 
the University of St. Andrews, in November, 1586. He wa or- 
dained minister of Kennoway in 1593, and was translated to Cupar 
in 1604. One of the eight ministers summoned to London in 1606, 
he was permitted to return to his parish in 1607, where he continued 
keenly to oppose episcopal tendencies. He was a member of the 
General Assembly of 1618, and opposed the five articles then 
agreed to. He died on the 20th May, 1642. At his own cost he 
built the spire of the parish church, and he bequeathed funds for 
the education of poor children. His monument is inscribed 
thus : 

" Scotis resuscitatis, Anglis excitatis, renovato foedere reparata 
religione, prostrata hierarchia, restitute presbyterio, succenturian- 
tibus illustrissimis e prima nobilitate et ministerio bene meritis in 
ecclesiam, nunquam satis memorandis, confirmante Caesare Bri- 
tannico, adstipulantibus regni ordinibus, obiit placidissime in 
Domino umis, qui nobis cunctando restituit rem, Gulielmus Scotus, 
ecclesiee Cuprensis pastor, ex illustri et antiquissima familia Scoto- 
Balviriana 849, anno serse Christi MDCXLII. A.D. cal. Junii 13." 

A tombstone denotes the burial-place" of the Rev.. James 
Wedderburn, senior, and his son who bore the same Christian 
name. Both father and son were ministers of Moonzie. Their 
tombstone bears the following epitaph : 

" Sepulchrum Magistri Jacobi Wedderburni, viri pietate eximia 
et prseclaris dotibus aucti ; ecclesiee Munsiee fidelissimi pastoris : 
qui obiit 23 die Julii, A.D. MDCLXXXVII. setatis su* 52. Cum 
patre, jacet optimse spei filius Gulielmus Wedderburn; qui obiit 
paulo ante patrem nouo die Julii MDCLXXXVII. 

" Hie, cum prole, parens una requiescit in urna, 
Marmore dignus erat geuitor : lunaris ocelli 
Lux, solis radiis lustrata et lucida stella : 
Et proles tanto fuit haud indigna parente, 
Hie febre in fluvio periit. Proh ! tristia fata 
Attingunt unum, qua; sunt contraria, finem, 
Unda ignis ccelo ponunt, cum prole parentem." 


In the churchyard a tombstone formerly bore these lines : 

" Davidis hie corpus Forrethi dormitur altum ; 
Mens, evecta polum, Christo duce, pace potitur: 
Aucupis in terris celebrata est fama superstes. 
Post undena suae vitae bene lustra peractae 
Gloriam in excelsis, mine cum jove fando triumphat." 

David Forret was a cadet of the family of Forret of that ilk. 
To the family belonged Thomas Forret, vicar of Dollar, an early 
upholder of the reformed doctrines, and who, at the instance of 
Archbishop Beaton, was burned at Edinburgh on the 28th February, 

A monument commemorative of James Bethune, M.D., of 
Nether Tarbet, was thus inscribed : 

"Monumentum pii et generosi D.D. Jacobi Bethune, medicinae 
doctoris, Tarbet inferioris domini ; qui obiit 4 cal. Januarii, 1680. 
^Etatis anno 77. 

" Hippocrates alter fuit hie heros, medicinae 

Artibus et musis semper amicus erat ; 
Belgis ac Italis, Gallis simul atque Britannis 

Nota fuit virtus ingeniique vigor. 
Ille, forisque domi clarus, cecidit, remanente 
Jucunda prole et hie situs ipse jacet, 

Pulvis es et ad pulverem redibis, 
Qui legis haec, hospes, mortis tu saepe memento, 
Beati morientes in Domino." 

In the old churchyard a tombstone commemorates three sufferers 
for the Covenant. It is inscribed thus : 

" Here lie interred the heads of Laur Hay : and Andrew 
Pitulloch, who suffered martyrdom at Edinburgh, July 13th, 1681, 
for adhering to the word of God, and Scotland's covenanted work 
of reformation ; and also one of the hands of David Hackston, 
of Eathillet, who was most cruelly martyred at Edinburgh, July 
30th, 1680. 

' Our persecutors filled with rage, 
Their brutish fury to assuage, 
Took heads and hands of martyrs off, 
That they might be the people's scoff. 


They Hackston's body cut asunder, 
And set it up a world's wonder 
In several places ; to proclaim 
These monsters' glory and their shame." 

David Hackston, or Haxton, was proprietor of Kathillet, in the 
parish of Kilmany. A zealous upholder of the Covenant, he was 
present at the assassination of Archbishop Sharpe, in May, 1679 ; 
he afterwards fought along with the Covenanters at the battle of 
Drumclog, and at Bothwell Bridge. A reward being offered for his 
apprehension, he was taken prisoner at Airsmoss, on the 22nd July, 
1680. Carried to Edinburgh, he was subjected to trial, and being 
pronounced guilty was put to death with many circumstances of 
barbarity. The martyrs' monument was renewed in 1792. 

Within the parish church, on the western wall, is a full-length 
statue commemorative of Sir John Arnot, of Fernie, who fell in 
the last Crusade. In the same wall a marble tablet celebrates the 
worth and ministerial fidelity of the Rev. George Campbell, D.D., 
minister of the parish. Dr. Campbell was son of the schoolmaster 
of St. Andrews, and grandson of a farmer in the parish of Cameron. 
Having studied at the University of St. Andrews, he obtained 
licence in December, 1770 ; in 1773 he was admitted assistant 
and successor in the second charge of Cupar ; he was translated 
to the first charge in October, 1791. He died 25th November, 1824, 
in his seventy-eighth year, and the fifty-second of his ministry. 
His second son, John, joined the English bar, and was appointed 
Lord High Chancellor, and raised to the peerage as Baron Campbell 
of St. Andrews. 

A gravestone marks the sepulchre of David Dickson, of West- 
hall, an eminent agriculturist. Mr. Dickson was largely employed 
as a valuator and arbiter. He died at Westhall, on the 5th January^ 
1859, aged seventy-five. 

Near the railway bridge is a monumental statue of the late 
David Maitland Makgill Crichton of Rankeilour, erected by sub- 
scription. This patriotic gentleman was descended from the noble 
family of Lauderdale, and represented the old house of Makgill 

8G riFKSHlKE. 

of Rankeilour ; he was also heir of line of Viscount Frendraught. 
Son of Colonel Maitland of Rankeilour, he was born in March, 
1801. He passed Advocate in 1822, but soon afterwards succeed- 
ing to the family estate, he occupied himself with rural affairs. 
During the Voluntary controversy he became a strenuous advocate 
of the Established Church, holding Church Defence meetings in 
different districts. In the Non-intrusion controversy he actively 
supported the views of the majority; and after the Disruption 
vigorously upheld the claims of the Free Church. He died in 

In St. James's Church a monumental brass, fixed in a tablet of 
black marble, commemorates Lieutenant Spens, of the 42nd Regi- 
ment, sou of Nathaniel Spens, of Craigsanquhar ; he died at 
Cherat, in India, 22nd June, 1867. 

On the gravestone of William Rymour, maltrnan, are these 
lines : 

" Through Christ I'm not inferior 
To William the Conqueror." 

John Crombie's monument is inscribed thus : 

" Here rests his body, whose soul above 
Knows nothing else but joy and love; 
Ity death he is not hurt, although cut down ; 
Life comes by death, and by his faith a crown : 
His spouse and children might lament and cry, 
Did hope not list, and wipe all tears away. 


In the old churchyard a mortuary enclosure, now built up, is 
the burial-place of the old Earls of Dunfermline. This noble 
House, now extinct, originated in the person of Alexander Seton, 
an eminent lawyer, third son of George, sixth Lord Seton, and 
brother of Robert, first Earl of Winton. Born about the year 
Ioo5, Alexander Seton studied at Rome in the College of 


Jesuits, with a view to the Church; but the establishment of 
the reformed religion led him to adopt legal pursuits. By 
James VI. he was in 1583 appointed an extraordinary lord of 
session; he became a lord ordinary in February 1587, and was 
elected president of the court in May, 1593. He was one of the 
Octavians, or eight commissioners of the Treasury, in 1596. For nine 
successive years he was elected Provost of Edinburgh. In March, 
1597-8, he was, by letters under the great seal, constituted a lord 
of Parliament, by the title of Lord Fyvie ; soon afterwards he was 
appointed preceptor to Prince Charles. In 1606 he was raised to 
the office of Lord High Chancellor, and created Earl of Dunferm- 
line. In 1609 he was sworn a member of the English Privy 
Council. He was commissioner to the parliament held at Edin- 
burgh in June, 1610, when the Act of 1592 establishing Presby- 
terianism was rescinded. He died at Pinkie, near Musselburgh, 
on the 16th June, 1622, aged sixty-seven. 

Charles, son of the preceding, was second Earl of Dunfermline. 
A zealous adherent of the Covenant, he negotiated on the part 
of the Scots encamped at Dunse, the pacification with Charles I. 
in June, 1639. In August, 1640, he commanded a regiment in the 
Scots army, which, under General Leslie, crossed the Tweed and 
occupied the city of Dunham. In October following he was one 
of the Scottish Commissioners for the treaty of Ripon. From 
Charles I., in June, 1641, he received a long lease of the abbey of 
Dunfermline ; he was afterwards sworn a Privy Councillor. He 
supported the engagement in 1648 ; and after the King's execution 
went to the Continent to wait on Charles II., whom he accom- 
panied to Scotland in 1650. At the Restoration he obtained 
various offices and honours. He died in January, 1673. 

The third earl died young. James, the fourth and last earl, 
commanded a troop of horse, under Viscount Dundee, at the 
battle of Killiecrankie in 1689 ; in the following year he was 
outlawed and forfeited. He died in exile in 1694. The estates 
reverted to the Crown. 

These rhymes are from tombstones in the old churchyard : 


" A Christian true, 

To man a friend, 
A loving husband, 
Father kind." 

" Here is the dust of innocence, whose breath 
Was caught by early not untimely death ; 
Hence he did go, just as he did begin 
Pain to know before he knew to sin." 

" Through faith he lived, through faith he died, 
Through faith the forerunner espied ; 
With patience ran the Christian race, 
And gained the crown, the prize of grace." 


Malcolm III., surnamed Canmore, and Margaret his sainted 
queen, had their chief residence at Dunferinline. In the vicinity 
Malcolm founded, about the year 1075, the church of the Holy 
Trinity, which was elegantly constructed in Norman architecture. 
He resolved that it should supersede lona as a place of royal 

Holy Trinity Church had two altars the high altar and the 
altar of the holy cross. Before the high altar were deposited 
the remains of Malcolm, the founder. He fell at the siege of 
Alnwick Castle, on the 13th November, 1093. His remains were 
at first consigned to the monastery at Tynemouth, but were 
about the year 1115 conveyed to Dunfermline by his son 
Alexander I. 

Queen Margaret survived her husband only a few days. Tidings 
of his death, and of the mortal wound of Edward, her eldest son, 
overcame and prostrated her. She died in the castle of Edinburgh, 
and her remains were brought to Dunfermline, and there reverently 
deposited in Holy Trinity Church, before the altar of the holy 
cross. Edward, her eldest son, fell by a mortal wound in the 


forest of Jedwood, during the flight of the Scottish army ; his 
body was conveyed to Dunfermliue, and laid in a sarcophagus* 
beside the remains of his mother. There too were sepulchred his 
brother Elthelred in 1094, and his brother Edmund in 1105. 

Before the high altar of Holy Trinity Church were deposited 
the remains of Edgar, fourth son of Malcolm Canmore, who died in 
1107 ; Alexander I, who died in 1124; and David I., who died in 
1153. These successively occupied the throne. Here also were 
placed, in 1165, the remains of Malcolm IV., surnamed the 

In 1250 Alexander III. erected, in pointed Gothic, the new 
abbey church, close by the east end of the church of the Holy 
Trinity, which became the vestibule of the new structure. On the 
completion of the choir or Lady aisle, Queen Margaret being canon- 
ized, her remains were transferred from the outer church to the 
aisle, where a tomb was prepared for their reception. In the 
translation, as it was called, there was a procession, consisting of 
the king and ecclesiastics of highest rank, the latter bearing on 
their shoulders the bones of the saint collected in a silver casket. 
The tomb was now built up and completed. Save the plinth 
stones, the structure has disappeared. On the upper plinth stone 
are eight circular hollows, on which rested the shafts which 
supported the shrine. Here pilgrims from all lands met and did 
homage. The tomb was destroyed at the Eeformation ; it is now 
in the open air, not having been included within the walls of the 
modern church. 

In the church of 1250 (partly demolished at the Eeformation, 
and entirely so in 1818, to suit the erection of the present church) 
were interred, near the high altar,- the remains of Alexander III. 
(1285), and of Margaret, his queen, who predeceased him in 1274. 

* In 1849 two stone coffins were discovered at the east end of Holy Trinity 
Church, a little to the west of the high altar. One of these contained a leathern 
shroud ; it is supposed to have enveloped the body of Priuce Edward, and to have 
been used in transporting it from the forest of Jedwood to the place of sepulture. 
The other coffin had probably contained the remains of Ethelred, a younger brother 
of Edward, who, like himself, did not come to the throne. 


Immediately in front of the high altar were sepulchred, in 1329, 

the remains of King Robert the Bruce. He died at Cardross 


Dumbartonshire, on the 7th June, 1329. He was only fifty-five, 
and many of his plans were unfulfilled. Of these the most import- 
ant was his vow that on the restoration of national order he would 
proceed to Palestine, and there give help against the infidel. To 
indicate his sincerity, he on his death-bed requested his friend, Sir 
James Douglas, to carry his heart to Jerusalem, and there deposit it 
in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Sir James sought to fulfil 
the dying wishes of his royal master. He set out on his journey 
with a suitable retinue, bearing round his neck, by a silver chain, 
the Bruce's heart, enclosed in a casket. In his journey through 
Spain he was led to assist King Alphonso against the Saracens, 
and fell in battle mortally wounded. The casket was secured, and 
brought to Scotland by Sir William Keith, and was laid in the 
abbey of Melrose (Vol. I., 250). The body of King Robert was 
deposited at Dunfermline in the sepulchre of the kings. 

According to Fordun, King Robert's remains were laid in a tomb 
in the centre of the choir, and from the Chamberlain's Rolls it would 
appear that a monument, executed in France, was reared upon the 
spot. Traces of the monument had long disappeared when, in 1818, 
operations were proceeded with for the construction of the present 
church on the site of the ancient edifice, dedicated to the Holy 
Trinity. On the 17th February the workmen came upon a vault 
which was opened in presence of the authorities. The vault was 
seven and a half feet long, twenty-eight and a half inches broad, 
and eighteen inches deep, and was constructed of polished sand- 
stone. On the removal of- two large flat stones which covered it, 
an inner vault was discovered, seven feet long, and about twenty- 
two inches in breadth. In this lay a body encased in lead, and 
surrounded with detached portions of fine linen, interwoven with 
gold. At the breast, knees, and toes the leaden shroud was much 
decayed. The skeleton was nearly entire. There were some 
vestiges of an oak coffin ; several nails used in its construction 
lay at the bottom of the tomb. The re-interment of the remains 


took place on the 5th November, 1819, in presence of two Barons 
of Exchequer, Sir Henry Jardine, the Queen's Eemembrancer, 
Dr. Gregory the celebrated physician, Dr. Monro the anatomist, 
and the magistrates, clergy, and principal citizens. Indubitable 
evidence was now obtained that the remains were those of King 
Eobert, for the breast-bone was found to have been sawn asunder, 
in order to the removal of the heart according to the monarch's last 

The king's skull was entire. A cast was taken, and phrenological 
ingenuity proceeded to determine the mental and moral qualities 
of the monarch. Mr. George Combe made the following report : 
" The individual would possess great activity, courage, and deter- 
mination, modified by prudence and cautiousness. He would be 
acute in perceiving what was. presented to his mind, and decided in 
determining on his course of action. But his view would not be 
extensive. He would not see far before him what was to be the 
remote consequences of his present doings. He would not be 
naturally amiable ; but he would know how to please others when 
his interests required him to do so. He would be steady in his 
attachments, although he would not always use his friends well. 
He would be disposed to religion ; but his small portion of reflec- 
tion and benevolence would give it a tendency to run into super- 
stitious observances. He would be fonder of power than of money." 

A measurement of the skeleton indicated that the king had 
stood about five feet ten inches, or perhaps a little taller. The 
formation of the lower jaw, which was strong and deep, indicated 
uncommon strength in its possessor. The upper jaw bore marks 
of a fracture. The entire remains were carefully collected, and 
placed in a leaden coffin, which was filled with melted pitch, as the 
best preventive of decay. On the coffin being deposited in the 
vault it was enclosed in a wall of brick, and carefully arched 
over. The present pulpit covers the tomb. On a vacant space in 
front it was proposed to erect a sarcophagus, and an elegant Latin 
inscription was composed for it by Dr. Gregory. The intention has 
not been realized. The square tower, which rises to the height of a 


hundred feet immediately over the tomb, supplies in some measure 
the want of any other memorial. On its summit are exhibited in 
open hewn work the words KING EGBERT THE BRUCE, one of the 
words being introduced in each of the four sides of the balustrade. 

Near the tomb of King Robert were deposited the remains of his 
second queen, Elizabeth, daughter of Aylmer de Burgh, Earl of 
Ulster, and mother of David II., who died in 1274 ; also two of his 
daughters, Christina and Matildas. Near the same spot were 
interred, in 1403, Annabella, queen of Robert III. 

These notable persons were entombed within the Abbey Church : 
Malcolm, Earl of Fife ; Andrew, Bishop of Caithness ; Thomas 
Randolph, Earl of Murray, in 1332 ; Robert, Duke of Albany, 
Regent of Scotland, who died 3rd September, 1420 ; and Andrew 
Forman, Archbishop of St. Andrews, who died in 1521. Robert 
Henryson, schoolmaster of Dunfermline, author of "Fables" and 
other poems, died some time before 1508, and was interred in 
the Abbey Church. 

On the north wall of the church a monument celebrates Robert 
Fitcairn, commendator of the abbey, and Secretary of State. It is 
inscribed thus : 

" D. Roberto Pitcarnio, abbati Fermiloduni, archidecano St. 
Andreas legato regio, ej usque majestati a secretis. 

Hie sitvs heros modica Robertvs in vrna 
Pictarnus, patrise spes colvmenque sure ; 

Qvem virtvs, gravitas generoso pectore digna, 
Ornant, et cum vera pietate h'des : 

Post varies vitse flvctvs, jam mole relicta 
Corporis, elysivm pergit in vmbra nemus. 

Obiit anno 1584, 18 Octob. ^tatis 64." 

The panegyric is excessive. Pitcairn's public policy was vacil- 
lating, and his private conduct was a scandal to the church and to 

* In front of his residence in Maygate, Dunfermline, Pitcairn inscribed the fol- 
lowing couplet as a caution to his censurers : 

" Sen' vord is thral, and thocht is fro, 
Keip veil thy touge, I counsel the." 


On the north wall of the church a monument commemorates a 
son of Abbot George Dury, and a modern tablet celebrates the 
abbot and some of his descendants. Abbot Dury was son of John 
Dury, of Dury, Fifeshire, and was born in 1496. Under his uncle, 
Archbishop Beaton, he in 1530 assumed the functions of abbot and 
commendator of Dunfermline, and on the death of that prelate in 
1539 was promoted to the office by James V. In 1541 he was 
appointed an extraordinary Lord of Session. He was Keeper of the 
Privy Seal in 1554. He died in 1561, and was canonized by the 
Church of Eome, probably from his zeal in the suppression of 
heresy. He aided in condemning Patrick Hamilton and Walter 
Mill, the Protestant martyrs, and subscribed the sentence of death 
passed in 1540 on Sir John Borthwick. He had two illegitimate 
children ; his descendants became proprietors of -Craigluscar, in 
Dunfermline parish. 

The monument of William Schaw, Master of Works to James 
VI., formerly rested against the north wall of the church. About 
the beginning of the century it was placed in the lower part of the 
steeple. It is thus inscribed : 

"Integerrimo amico Gulielmo Schaw, 
Vive inter superos, seternumque optime vive ; 
Hsec tibi vita labor, mors fuit alta quies, 
Alexander Setonius, D.D. 

"D. 0. M. 

" Humilis hsec lapidum structura tegit virum excellenti peritia, 
probitate eximia, singulari vitae integritate, sumrnis virtutibus orna- 
tum, Gulielrnum Schaw, regiis operibus prsefectum, sacris cereinoniis 
praepositum, reginse qusestorem. Extremum is diem obiit, 1 8 Aprilis 

" Mortales inter, vixit annos quinquaginta duos ; Gallias multa- 
que alia regua, excolendi animi studio, peragravit : nulla liberali 
disciplina non imbutus ; architectures peritissimus, principibus 
imprimis viris, egregiis animi dotibus commendatus ; laboribus 
et negotiis non indefessus modo et iusuperabilis, sed assidue 
strenuus et integer ; nulli bono non carissimus cui notus ; ad 
officia et demerendos hominum animos natus ; nunc inter superos, 
ieternum vivit. 


" Anna regina, ne virtus, aeterna commendatione digna, mem- 
brorum mortalitate tabesceret, optiini integerrimique viri memoriae 
monumentum poni mandavit." 

On the east wall of the north porch a handsome marble monu- 
ment commemorates Adam Bolland, of Gask. It has the following 
legend : 

"M. S. Adami Rolland de Gask, viri non uno nomine celebrandi 
uptote non paucis virtutibus ornati ob pietatein erga Deum amoreni 
in patriam, benevolentiam in genus humanum amabilis ; ob vitre 
integritatein, morum comitatem, affectuum temperantiam, specta- 
bilis ; quisvos paterno, probos quosvis fraterno omnes benigno animo 
amplexus ; in publicis privatisque officiis prudens, fidus, diligens ; 
mente et manu munificus, futurorum providus, fortunes semper 
securus : Ita volente D. 0. M. XII. calend. August MDCCLXIIL, 
setat. LVII. animam creatori, exuvias teme, reddidit; triste sui 
desiderium, amicis relinquens." 

On the interior walls of the church monuments- commemorate 
William Hunt, of Pittencrieff, merchant, who died in 1788, and 
Major David Wilson, for many years Provost of the burgh, who 
died in 1822. 

In the vault of the Wardlaw family are entombed the remains of 
Elizabeth Lady Wardlaw, authoress of the fine ballad of " Hardy- 
knute," second daughter of Sir Charles Halket, second baronet- of 
Pitferrarie. She was born in April, 1077. She married, in June, 
1696, Sir Henry Wardlaw, of Pitreavie, and died in 1727. 

Under the south transept of the church is the burial-vault of the 
noble family of Elgin. A handsome monument to the memory of 
Charles, fifth Earl of Elgin, bears the following inscription composed 
by Dr. Hugh Blair: 

" Sacred to the memory of Charles, Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, 
who died the 14th of May, 1771, aged thirty-nine years. By the 
goodness of his heart and the virtues of his life he adorned the high 
rank which he possessed. In his manners amiable and gentle ; in 
his affections warm and glowing ; in his temper modest, candid, and 
cheerful ; in his conduct manly and truly honourable ; in his cha- 
racters of husbaiid, father, friend, and master, as far as human 


imperfections admit, unblemished. Pious without superstition, 
charitable without ostentation; while he lived, the blessing of 
those who were ready to perish came upon him. Now their 
tears embalm his memory ! Reader, beholding here laid in the 
dust the remains which once so much virtue animated, think of 
the vanity of life, look forward to its end, and prepare as he did 
for eternity." 

The last member of the house of Elgin consigned to the 
Dunfermline funeral vault was Colonel the Honourable Robert 
Bruce, who long held the responsible offices of Equerry and Private 
Secretary to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. 

Interred in the Abbey Church, but without any existing 
memorial, are the remains of the Rev. David Fergusson, first 
minister of the parish after the Reformation. This distinguished 
clergyman was bred a glover at Dundee, and never attended a 
university ; he was, however, an expert classical scholar and an 
accomplished theologian. His pulpit talents were of the first order. 
He was on two occasions Moderator of the General Assembly. At 
Dunfermline he ministered from 1560 till his death, 23rd August, 
1598 ; he died Father of the Church. He was of peaceful dis- 
positions, and abounded in humour. A collection of " Proverbs," 
published at Edinburgh in 1641, has been attributed to him. 
Short compositions or "Tracts," from his pen, were printed in 
1860 for the Bannatyne Club. He commenced a History of the 
Church, which was continued by his son-in-law, Mr. John Row, 
minister of Carnock (see supra). Among his descendants were 
the Right Hon. William Adam, Lord Brougham, and John Clerk, 
of Eldin. 

Also interred in the Abbey Church without memorial stone is 
the Rev. Thomas Gillespie, founder of the Relief Church. This 
accomplished and excellent man was born at Duddingstone, near 
Edinburgh, in 1708. He obtained licence to preach from a body of 
English Dissenters, under the moderatorship of Dr. Doddridge, 
and in 1741 was admitted minister of Carnock. Disobeying the 
orders of the General Assembly with most of his brethren in 


settling an unacceptable precentor in the parish of Inverkeithing, 
he was deposed from the ministry, 23rd May, 1752. After 
preaching four months in the open air, a meeting-place was 
built for him at Dunfermline. Being joined by two other ministers 
Mr. Gillespie founded the Belief Synod, 23rd of October, 1761. 
He died 19th January, 1774. 

In front of the United Presbyterian Church, Queen Anne 
Street, a monumental statue (reared in 1849) commemorates the 
Rev. Ralph Erskine, one of the founders of the Secession Church. 
Third son of the Rev. Henry Areskine (Vol. I., 222) Ralph Erskine 
was born at Monilaws, Northumberland, on the 15th March, 1685. 
Licensed to preach in 1709, he was admitted to the second charge, 
Dunfermline, in 1711, and promoted to the first charge in 1716. 
In the controversy with the General Assembly, which led to the 
secession, of which an account is presented in the sketch of his 
brother Ebenezer (see supra), he adhered to the protests of the 
four brethren. In 1737 he joined the Seceders, and was formally 
deposed by the Assembly. For two years thereafter he con- 
tinued to minister in the parish church, but in 1739 a large 
meeting-place on the site of the present Queen Anne Street 
Church was erected for his use. He continued his ministerial 
labours at Dunfermline till his death, which took place on the 
, 6th November, 1752. His theological writings have been pub- 
lished in two folio volumes, and his sacred poems, especially his 
" Gospel Sonnets," have been frequently reprinted. Mr. Erskine's 
remains were interred in the parish churchyard, and a tombstone 
was erected at his grave. 

In the churchyard a granite monument, raised by his congre- 
gation, commemorates the Rev. James Mackenzie, minister of the 
Free Abbey Church. From tombstones in the churchyard we 
have the following quaint inscriptions : 

" Here lyes the corps of Andrew Robertson, present Deacon 
Convener of Weavers, in this burgh, who died 13th July, 


" Time cuts down all, 
Both great and small." 

" Eeaders, see how death all downpulls, 
And nought remains but shanks and skulls ; 
For the greatest champion ere drew breath, 
Was always conquered by death." 


In the parish churchyard a monumental cross commemorates 
Lord William Eobert Keith Douglas of Dunino, who died in 1859. 
It is thus inscribed : 

" Beneath this cross are interred the mortal remains of Lord 
William Eobert Keith Douglas, youngest son of Sir William 
Douglas, Bart., of Kilhead, Dumfriesshire, and brother of Charles, 
Marquis of Queensberry. He was born March 6th, 1783, and died 
December 5th, 1859." ' 

A second inscription on the monument is as follows : 

" Here lies the mortal remains of Elizabeth, widow of Lord 
William Douglas, and daughter of Walter Irvine, Esq., of Dunino. 
She was born on the 25th November, 1798 ; and died 25th April, 

On the same monument are also commemorated Charles Irvine 
Douglas, eldest son of Lord William Douglas, and Elizabeth Irvine, 
born 29th September, 1822, died August 23, 1825 ; and of William 
Douglas Irvine, second son of the above, born 12th April, 1824 ; 
died 24th August, 1867. 

A second monumental' cross denotes the burying-ground of 
another parochial landowner. It is inscribed, " The burying-place 
of Hugh Cleghorn, Esq., of Stravithie ; and of Eachel Makgill, 
his wife, and of their family." Mr. Cleghorn was some time Pro- 
fessor of Civil History in the University of St. Andrews, and was 
afterwards employed in Government service abroad. His grand- 



son, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn, formerly Professor of Botany at Madras, 
is author of a work on " The Plants of India." 

A handsome monumental enclosure forms the burial-place of 
the family of Purvis of Kinaldy. A tablet commemorates 
Alexander Purvis of Kinaldy, who died 28th April, 1844, iiu< d 

In the churchyard are interred the remains of the Rev. James 
Roger, minister of the parish, who died 23rd November, 1849, in 
the eighty-third year of his age, and forty-fourth of his ministry. 
His only son is author of this work. 

A tombstone commemorates the Rev. John Burns, for thirteen 
years minister of the parish, who died 18th November, 1863, 
aged forty-seven ; Alexander Farmer, tenant, Balmouth, who 
died 18th April, 1866, aged seventy-eight; and William Gray, 
tenant, Cornceres, who died 1st October, 1839, aged sixty-six. 

The following lines are from the tombstone of Alison Trotter, a 
gardener's daughter, who died 2nd April, 1815, aged seventeen : 

" In this green bed sleeps the dear dust 

Of her was once so blooming ; 
Stranger, thine earthly form too must 
Lie in a grave consuming. 

" Friend for the dead who heav'st a sigh, 

Know Ally Trotter's yonder, 
Where saints in heaven raise the glad cry 
Of gratitude and wonder. 

" This is a bounding, dashing wave, 

On which in life we hover, 
Few days at most these storms to brave, 
And all our jjriefs are over." 


On the gravestone of a professed Atheist his family have raised 
a tombstone, inscribed with these lines : 


" Foe to no sect, he took a private road, 
And oft exclaimed ; ' Oh, what is nature's God ? ' 
Of scoffs and scorn he had great share 
When in this world as you now are ; 
But now his body turns to gas, 
As this your world will do at last." 


At Falkland an elegant monument, erected by public subscrip- 
tion, commemorates the late Onesiphorus Tyndal Bruce of Falk- 
land, Convener of the county. A native of Bristol, Mr. Tyndal 
married Miss Bruce in 1828, when he assumed the name of Bruce, 
and established his residence on the Falkland estates. He was 
much beloved for his urbanity. He died on the 19th March, 
1855. His monument includes his statue in bronze, executed by 
Mr. Steell. 

In the churchyard a monument commemorates Emilia Geddes, 
the subject of a scarce and curious old tract; she was born at 
Falkland about the year 1665. 


In the churchyard of this parish are many quaint poetical 
inscriptions. James Martin, a child who died in 1803, is thus 
commemorated : 

Like a rose in bloom, 

He forth did come, 

The blossom soon was gone, 

And now he's laid 

In death's cold bed, 

Where all of us must come." 


Nathaniel Young's epitaph is as follows : 

" Ye parents dear, 

Refrain your tear ; 
Though here in dust I lie, 

When God doth please, 

He will me raise 
To meet Him in the sky." 

Alexander Duncan, who died in 1839, is celebrated thus : 

" See here a man laid low, 

That lived a pious life, 
Respected and esteem'd 

For counsel and advice, 
His soul, we trust, has fled 

To yonder regions high ; 
To praise redeeming love 

To all eternity." 

From other tombstones we have these pious sentiments : 

" How frail is man ! 

Life's but a span, 
Youth's bloom doth soon decay ; 

Since Adam's fall, 

Both great and small 
Is swept by death away." 

" Lo, what is life ? 'tis like a flower 

That blossoms and is gone ; 
We see it flower for an hour, 

With all its beauty on. 
But death comes like a wintry day, 
And cuts the pretty flower away." 

" Stop, mortal man, as you pass by 
This gravestone under which I ly ; 
Read and remember what I tell, 
That in the cold grave you must dwell, 
For worms to be your company, 
Till the last trumpet set you free ; 
For neither coffin nor the grave, 
Can your immortal soul receive. 
Seek mansions new, while here you may, 
Before you leave this house of clay." 



The castle of Ballinbreich in this parish was long a principal 
residence of the Earls of Eothes. Within the old parish church lies 
entombed Andrew Leslie, fourth Earl of Kothes, a promoter of the 
Eeformation. Succeeding his father in 1558, he joined the lords of 
the congregation in the year following, when they were threatened 
by the troops of the Queen Eegent. On the marriage of Queen 
Mary with Lord Darnley, in July, 1765, he was with other mal- 
content lords forced to take refuge in England. By the Queen he 
was afterwards pardoned; he joined the association on her behalf, 
and fought for her at Langside. He was one of the jury at the mock 
trial of the Earl of Both well, and in 1581 sat on the jury which 
condemned the Earl of Morton. He died in 1621. 


In the parish church an elegant marble tablet commemorates 
Alexander Small, D.D., minister of the parish, who died 27th 
November, 1812, in his eightieth year, and the forty-sixth of his 

Within the area of the old church is the family burial-place of 
Thomson of Charlton. At the same spot is a mortuary enclosure 
belonging to Sir John Lindsay Bethune, Bart., of Kilconquhar. 
A marble cenotaph commemorates the late Major-General Sir 
Henry Bethune, who was born 12th April, 1789, and died in 
Persia, 19th February, 1851. He assisted the Persians in the war 
with Eussia, and gained extraordinary favour with the Persian 
king, who was governed by his counsels. 

A tombstone, presenting the effigy of a knight in armour, is 
supposed to celebrate John Burnard, laird of Ardross, who received 
his death-wound while fighting with David II. in the attack on 
the fortress of Liddel in 1326. 


To the north of the old church is a tomb belonging to the 
Gourlays, of Kincraig, an old Fifeshire family ; it presents a marble 
tablet in memory of William Gourlay, who died in 1827. 

A stately monument in the centre of the churchyard celebrates 
James Carstairs Bruce, of Balcrystie, who died 10th March, 1835 ; 
also his widow, Eliza Cecilia, fourth daughter of James, seventh 
Lord Eollo, who died 6th April, 1861. 

The family tomb of Lumsdaine, of Lathallan, records the names 
of several recent owners of that property, who all died young. 

On the southern slope of the churchyard an obelisk of polished 
granite denotes the grave of a benevolent gentlewoman, a native of 
the parish. It is thus inscribed : " In memory of Elizabeth 
Duncan, of Edengrove, a native of the parish of Kilconquhar, who 
died 24th August, 1867, aged eighty-five years ; the kind, unosten- 
tatious, and benevolent founder of the Duncan Institute, in the 
county town; and the munificent friend of many religious, 
charitable, and literary institutions." On an adjacent tombstone 
are recorded the names of Miss Duncan's parents and other rela- 

In the churchyard tombstones commemorate Bethune J. Walker 
Morrison, of Falfield and Pitkerrie, who died 13th March, 1868; 
Hear- Admiral Duddingstone, of Earlsferry ; William Ferrie, D.D., 
minister of the parish, and Professor -of Civil History at St. 
Andrews, who died 7th June, 1850 ; and James Maclaren, paro- 
chial schoolmaster, who died in 1854, aged sixty-seven. 


On a tombstone in the parish churchyard a widow laments her 
deceased husband thus: 

" In what soft language shall my thoughts get free, 
My dearest Cairuie, when I talk of thee ? 
Ye Muses, Graces, all ye gentle train 
Of weeping loves, assist the pensive strain. 


But why should I implore your moving art ? 

Tis but to write the dictates of my heart ; 

And all that knew his real worth will join 

Their friendly sighs and pious tears with mine. 

His soul was formed to act each glorious part 

Of life unstained with vanity or art ; 

No thought within his generous breast had birth, 

But what he might have owned to heaven and earth ; 

Practised by him, each virtue grew more bright, 

And shone with more than its own native light ; 

Whatever noble warmth could recommend 

The just, the active, and the constant friend, 

Was all his own. But oh ! a dearer name 

And softer tyes mine endless sorrows claim ; 

Left now alone, comfortless and forlorn, 

The lover I, and tender husband mourn : 

As thou alone hast taught my heart to prove 

The highest raptures of a virtuous love, 

That sacred passion I to thee confine, 

My spotless faith shall be for ever thine." 


At the east end of the parish church a roofless enclosure 
denotes the burial-place of Cardinal David Beaton. The enclosure 
is twenty feet wide and eight feet high ; it fronts the east, and is 
adorned with pillars having decorated capitals. In the interior, 
the centre of the east wall presents the armorial escutcheon of the 
House of Beaton, or Bethune. After the assassination of the 
cardinal in the castle of St. Andrews, on the 29th May, 1546, 
his body was exhibited to the citizens on the wall : it was after- 
wards deposited with salt in the castle dungeon. From the 
dungeon it was removed by the cardinal's kinsman, John Bethune, 
of Kilrenny and Silverdykes, and deposited in this structure. 
The erection was recently repaired by Admiral Bethune, of Balfour, 
the representative of the House. 

At the north-west corner of the churchyard a magnificent 


mausoleum in Iloman architecture denotes the burial-place of the 
celebrated Major-General John Scott, of Balcomie, who died iu 
December, 1775. It was erected by his eldest daughter, the 
Duchess of Portland, and is uninscribed. General Scott was 
second son of David Scott, of Scotstarvet and Thirdpart, an 
advocate at the Scottish bar, and M.P. for Fifeshire; and whose 
father, who bore the same Christian name, was grandson of Sir 
John Scot, of Scotstarvet, Director of the Chancery, and author of 
a curious work, entitled " The Staggering State of Scottish States- 

Near the entrance of the churchyard is the handsome tomb of 
the Lumsdaines of Innergellie, erected in 1823. Sir James 
Lumsdaine, founder of the Innergellie family, was colonel in the 
army of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. 

A tombstone with the date 1597, and the initials A. S., lies at 
the east door of the parish church. It is supposed to have marked 
the grave of the father of John Strong, who in 1609 was owner 
of Kennyhill ; that estate he acquired from John Bethune, relative 
of the cardinal. The Strongs held important estates in the eastern 
district of Fifeshire, but their lands have long been alienated. 

Near the church at the north-east corner is the tomb of Johnstone 
of Pitkeirie, formerly of Eennyhill, a family belonging to the town 
of Anstruther, and which about the middle of last century at- 
tained considerable opulence. Mr. Andrew Johnstone, the present 
proprietor of Pitkerrie, was some time M.P. for the St. Andrews 

Tombstones commemorate three parochial incumbents, the Rev. 
William Beat, author of a volume of " Sermons," who died 21st 
December, 1797, in his eighty-seventh year, and fifty-second of 
his ministry ; Rev. Joseph Duncan, who died 28th May, 1818 ; 
:inil the Rev. James Brown, who died 16th August, 1834, in his 
forty-sixth year, and sixteenth of his ministry. To the last a 
mural tablet of white marble has been reared by his friends and 



The tombstone of James Betson, of Kilrie, is thus inscribed : 

" Hie est sepultus Jacobus Betson de Kilrie ; qui obiit 29 Maii, 
1647, eetatis 76. 

" Tu quies tranquilla piis ; te cernere, finis." 
William Betson, of South Glasmount, is commemorated thus : 

" Hie jacet Gulielmus Betson de Souther-Glasmont, cum Anna 
Smith, sponsa; quorum ille diem obiit 22 Augusti, 1682, ilia 
autem obiit 31 Januarii, 1676, setatis suse 49. Mors ultima linea 
rerum 1687. 

" Conditur hoc tumulo generosi cultor honesti, 
Virtute, ingenio, prole bonisque potens." 

Robert Glen, Treasurer of the City of Edinburgh, has the follow- 
ing epitaph : 

" Hie jacet prius et honorabilis vir M. Robertus Glen de Encliky, 
qui obiit 4 Maii, 1597. Olim balivus et thesaurarius Edinburgi." 

On the tombstone of Archibald Angus are these words : 

" Spe vivevs, dissolvi cupiens, stationem quaerens, portum inveni 
1598. Ar. Angus." 

From the tombstone of William Knox, of Common, who diei 
1st October, 1677, we have these lines : 

" Of terror's king the trophies here you see ; 
Frail man ! his days like to a shadow flee, 
Or like the path of eagle's wing on high, 
That leaves no traces on the distant sky ; 
Fair as these flowers that fleeting fade away, 
So does this life expand, then droop, decay ! 
But future springs shall renovate the tomb, 
And we, in gardens of th' Eternal, bloom." 



In the church a marble tablet is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of Sir Charles Erskine, Bart., of Cambo, who died 
in March, 1796, aged sixty years; of David Erskine, his brother, 
\v\io died 5th August, 1793; and Miss Penelope Erskine, who died 
8th November, 1838, aged sixty years." 

Sir Charles was sixth baronet of Cambo ; his only son, Sir 
Charles, the seventh baronet, became eighth Earl of Kellie ; he 
died unmarried in October, 1799, aged thirty-five. He was suc- 
ceeded by his father's younger brother, Thomas Erskine, who 
became ninth Earl, and who, acquiring wealth by trade in 
Sweden, restored the dilapidated fortunes of his House. 

In the north-east corner of the churchyard, enclosed by an iron 
railing, is the burial-place of the old family of Monypenny of 
Pitmilly. A memoral tablet celebrates the late David Monypenny, 
Lord Pitmilly. It is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of David Monypenny, Esq., of Pitmilly ; 
for many years one of the Senators of the College of Justice, who 
died at Pitmilly on the 24th December, 1850, in the eighty-second 
year of his age, and was here interred. Also to the memory of 
his second wile, Maria Sophia Abercrombie, daughter of Sir George 
Abercrombie, of Birkenbog, Bart., who died at Pitmilly on the 
15th June, 1846, aged sixty-three, and was here interred." 

Another monumental tablet commemorates Lord Pitmilly's 
brother and successor in the estate It is inscribed thus : 

" Sacred to the memory of William Tankerville Monypenny, Esq., 
of Pitmilly, who died at Pitmilly oa the 10th January, 1869, in 
the eighty-sixth year of his age, and was here interred." 

A mortuary enclosure, with a decorated tomb bearing date 1638, 
forms the burial-place of the family of Corstorphine of Kingsbarns 
Several members of the family are commemorated on marble tablets. 
Within the enclosure, Captain Thomas Gray, son of Captain Charles 
Gray, author of " Lays and Lyrics," is celebrated thus : 


"Sacred to the memory of Thomas Carstairs Gray, Captain 
Eoyal Marine Light Infantry, of the Naval Brigade of H.M.S. 
Shannon; born at Kingsbarns, 1st February, 1820; died at Gyub, 
8th May, 1858." 

An altar tombstone marks the grave of the Eev. Eobert Arnot, 
D.D., minister of the parish, and Professor of Divinity in St. Mary's 
College, St. Andrews, who died '2nd July, 1808, aged sixty-four. 

In the burial-place of his family, a plain tombstone com- 
memorates the Eev. Andrew George Carstairs, D.D., minister of 
Anstruther- wester, who died llth October, 1838, in his fifty-ninth 
year, and thirty-fourth of his ministry. Dr. Carstairs composed 
" The Scottish Communion Service," Edinburgh, 1829, 12mo. 

A monumental obelisk, reared by subscription, celebrates 
Alexander Latto, for forty -five years schoolmaster of the parish ; 
he was born 1st June, 1786, and died 1st October, 1864. 


In the parish churchyard a monument to James Weniyss, of 
Bogie, is inscribed thus : 

" Boggius hie, octo vitse post lustra lacobus 

In tumulo .Veinius, prsecoce morte jacet ; 
Filius in patrios at sic qusesivit in annos, 
Ut rogitet patris addere fata suos. 

Obiit 1 Februarii 1631." 

Henry Montgomery, alias Miller, who died loth February, 1596, 
has on his gravestone these lines : ' 

" Qiue terrena mei pars est sub mar more dormit ; 

Quae pars coelestis cofilica regna colit : 
Corpus humo surget redivivum spiritus illud 
Intrabit, vita sic sine fine fruar." 


Henry Boswell, chief magistrate, who died in 1681, is thus 
celebrated : 

" Henrici corpus Bosuelli conditur infra, 
Vir genio inagnus, clarus in arte sua ; 

Praetor erat decies, semel et praefectus in urbe, 
Tempore quo toto jus sine labe fuit: 

Vixerat innocuus, Christi decessit amator 
Et nunc cum Christo ccelica regna calit." 

On the monument of Provost John Williamson, who died in 
1657, are these lines : 

"Navita prseclarus positus jacet hie Joannes 

Williamsonus, splendidus ingenio ; 
Urbis quindecies praetor ; legatus et omni 

Conventu in magno non sine laude, fuit ; 
Vir pietate clarus, nulli virtute secundus 

Nunc, cum ccelicolis, quod patefecit, habet." 

Matthew Anderson, a captain in the merchant service, and 
Provost of the burgh, who died in 1694, is commemorated thus : 

" Navita -praeclarus, probitate verendus et annis, 

Moribus eximius et pietatis amans ; 
Strenuus assertor recti ; virtutibus amplis 

Ornatus, cana conspicuusque fide : 
Consulis officio qui functus in urbe frequenter, 

Partibus a regiis strenuus usque stetit. 
Sed cadit heu ! tandem longo consumptus ab aevo 

Grande decus patriae, suinmus et urbis honos." 

The monument of Robert Whyte, of Pouran, and his wife, 
Janet Tennant, is thus inscribed : 

" Hie jacet Eobertus Whyte, a Pouran, apud suos inter primos 
conspicuus ; saepius praetura, bis urbis patrias praefectura nobili- 
tatus ; qui, primos urbis honores adeptus, adeo sine fastu fastigiuin 
id cum tructu temperavit, ut prasesse posset, prodesse velle videretur. 
Obiit anno 1667, setatis 68. Hie etiam conjugis amantissimae, 
Janetae Tennant, reponuntur cineres. Obiit anno 1670, astatis 62." 

These lines adorn the tombstone of David Barclay, of Tough, 
who died 12th July, 1688, aged forty-one: 


" Non vigor iugenii, non cultae gratia linguae, 

Non honor aut virtus clara, nee alma tides, 
Non gazre ingentes, nee firmo in pectore vires, 

Nee pietas mortis sistere tela potest. 
Mors sua sceptra tenet, toti communia mundo 
Omnibus obscuras injicit ilia manus." 

The Eev. James Symson, minister of the parish, who died 
3rd January, 1665, in his eighty-fifth year, and the fifty-fourth of 
his ministry, has on his monument these lines : 

" Ille ingens vates, fama super aethera notus, 

Symsonus, Domini sedulo pavit oves ; 
Quinquaginta annos, pugnanda fortiter idem 

Nusquam de recto tramite flexit iter. 
Presbyter hie prudens, doctor pius sequus, acutus. 

Eegi fidus erat, propositique tenax." 

By a Latin inscription is commemorated the Eev. Kenneth Logie, 
minister of the parish, who died 29th November, 1669. In his 
epitaph he is thus described : 

" Genio erat ille mitis, gravitate reverendus, pietate et integritate 
cordis clarus, laborum patiens et viscerum plenus, vita et voce 
docebat facienda et faciendo." 

A tombstone commemorates "John Melvill, of Eaith, father 
and son, who departed this life in the Christian faith; viz., 
the father 13th January, 1603, the son 17th January, 1626." 

A handsome tombstone celebrates Eobert Philp, manufacturer, 
who died in 1828, bequeathing 74,000 for educating and clothing 
400 children. Under his benevolent trust three schools have been 

A monument denotes the grave of George Anderson, of Luscar, 
sometime provost of the burgh. Born at Kirkcaldy in 1787, he 
entered the civil department of the navy in 1804. After a period 
of active service he left the navy on half-pay in 1814, and for 
some years conducted business in Liverpool. In 1822 he became 
managing partner, at Havre de Grace, of the mercantile house of 


Dennistoun and Co. In 1834 he settled in Kirkcaldy as agent of 
the Union Bank. To the best interests of the place he energetic- 
ally devoted himself, and was twice elected chief magistrate. In 
1850 he purchased the estate of Luscar, in the parish of Carnock, 
on which he resided several years. He latterly removed to Ferry- 
bank, near Cupar, where he died on the 31st August, 1863. His 
eldest son, Mr. George Anderson, is one of the parliamentary 
representatives of the city of Glasgow. 

Among other notable persons commemorated in Kirkcaldy 
churchyard are Alexander Law, bailie, who died 9th May, 1642, 
aged ninety; David Hutcheon, died 28th November, 1615, leaving 
a bequest to the parochial charities ; John Bruce, merchant, who 
died 15th March, 1667 ; and Captain John Tennant, who died 
8th February, 1667. 

These rhymes are from different tombstones : 

" James Baxter, wright, his wyfe here lyes ! 
Grave Janet Wallace, meeke and wyse ; 
James Baxter, wryght, here laid besyde hys wyfe, 
Ye ninth of March departed from this lyfe. 
He made their coffins baith now laid in clay ; 
Oh mortal man, for James and Janet pray." 

" Below this stone doth David Baxter lie, 
Prais'd in his life for wit and honesty. 
A godly man, and well belov'd was he 
By persons all of high and low degree ; 
His worth and merit we cannot decide, 
In peace he liv'd, in Christ he did confide." 

" Twice twenty years old Anna Berrill lies 

Here buried ; a matron grave and wise ; 

Religious, modest, virt'ous, just, and kind ; 

To all in straits a present help and friend ; 

A tender mother and a loving wife ; 

Who in sixth birth departed this frail life. 
Now she is gone, yet shall her name remain ; 
The grave her bones, the heaven her soul contain." 

" Of Coblehaugh, here Robert Chapman lies, 
A theam for mourning to all readers' eyes ; 


When baillie of this burgh, straight, good, and just, 
He was a credite to his place of trust ; 
Chief of his name, most loyal, virt'ous, kind, 
Of a religious, humble, faithful mind ; 
Obliged all, and gain'd all men's love ; 
The trade of merchandizing did improve ; 
Did live a quiet life, in peace did die ; 
Whose soul 'mongst saints enjoys eternity." 


The old churchyard, now disused, contains two vaults belonging 
respectively to the families of Wood and Durham. Sir Andrew 
Wood, of Largo, the famous admiral, was originally a trader 
at Leith. His genius in naval warfare recommended him to 
James III., who made him a knight, and granted him and his 
heir the lands and village of Largo. His exploits at sea form part 
of the national history. Retiring from his duties as a naval com- 
mander, he settled on his estate. From his mansion at Largo to 
the neighbourhood of the parish church he constructed a canal, 
that he might sail every Sunday to his place of worship. At an 
advanced age he died about 1540, and his remains were deposited 
in the family aisle of the parish church. His tomb is still 
pointed out. 

In the Durham vault several members of that house have been 

On the estate of Lundin three upright stones of irregular form 
the highest reaching sixteen feet above the surface are supposed 
to celebrate some Danish chiefs who here fell in battle. 


In the family mausoleum were interred, in 1681, the remains of 
that dissolute royal favourite, John Duke of Eothes. Born in 


1630, he succeeded his father in his eleventh year as sixth Earl 
of Rothes. He carried the Sword of State when Charles II. 
was crowned at Scone, on the 1st January, 1651. Taken prisoner 
at the battle of Worcester, he was three years confined in the 
Tower. At the Restoration he was appointed President of the 
Council, and was afterwards advanced to other dignities. Through 
the influence of the Duke of York he was, in 1680, created Duke 
of Rothes and Marquis of Ballinbreich. He died at Holyrood 
House on the 27th July, 1681. Extremely ignorant, Rothes was 
chiefly remarkable for the extent of his licentiousness, and his 
efforts for the overthrow of Presbyterianism. 

In the parish churchyard a servant of the Rothes family is thus 
quaintly portrayed : 

" John Brown's dust lies here below, 

Once served a noble Earl ; 
At his command he ne'er said no 

Had it been on his peril. 
His days and years they were spun out 

Like to a thread most fine, 
At last a period came about 

Suapt it at ninety-nine. 
'Twas on the seventeenth day of May, 

In the year forty-six, 
This honest man was called away 

To Heaven we hope did fix." 

When tutor at Leslie House the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine com- 
posed these lines, which are inscribed on a tombstone : 

" Here lies within this earthen ark 

An Archer grave and wise, 
Faith was his arrow, Christ the mark, 

And glory was the prize. 
His bow is now a harp, his song 

Doth Halleluiahs 'dite, 
His consort Walker went along 

To walk with Christ in white. 


In quaintness the following is unique : 

" Here lies the dust of Charles Brown, 
Some time a wright in London town, 
"When coming home parents to see, 
And of his years being twenty-three, 
Of a decay with a bad host 
He died upon the Yorkshire coast 
The 10th of August 1752 
We hope his soul in Heaven rests now." 


Within the chancel, or ancient part of the parish church, a 
tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Hoc tegitvr lapide corpvs probi viri ROBERTI CARNEGY de 
Kynnard, militis, Senatorii Ordinis, qvi obiit in Castro de, Lvthers, 
qvinto die mensis lanvariianno Dni 156-, et aetatis svse anno. . . ." 

Sir Robert Carnegy, of Kinnaird, was son of John de Carnegy, 
who was killed at Flodden ; he and his ancestors were cupbearers 
to the kings of Scotland. In July, 1547, Sir Robert was nomi- 
nated an ordinary lord of session, and in the following year was 
sent to England to treat for the ransom of the Earl of Huntly, 
Chancellor of Scotland, taken at the battle of Pinkie. On his 
return he was knighted, and he was afterwards employed in 
various matters of diplomacy. When the Reformation movement 
commenced he supported the Queen Regent; he subsequently 
joined the Congregation. He died 5th January, 1566. Sir David 
Carnegy, his second son, was, by his second marriage, father of the 
first Earl of Southesk. 

In the chancel a tombstone commemorates Sir William Bruce, 
of Earlshall, who died 28th January, 1584; it is inscribed thus : 

" Hie iacet vir probvs ac omni memoria dignvs Dns GVLLIELMVS 



BRVCEVS de Erlishal, miles, qvi obiit 28 die mensis lanvarii :uim> 
Dni 1584, annoqve svse aetatis 98. Mors omnivni et finis. 

" Heir lyis of al piete ane lantern brycht, 
Schir VILLZAM BRVCE. Erlshal knycht." 

Sir Alexander Bruce, of the House of Clachmannan, acquired 
the property of Earlshall about the end of the fifteenth century ; 
he married a daughter of Sir David Stewart, of Eosyth, and 
became father of Sir William, commemorated on the tombstone. 

In the chancel the second wife of Bruce of Earlshall, son of Sir 
William, is celebrated on a tombstone, sculptured with the repre- 
sentation of a lady, and on the margin thus inscribed : 

" D. AGNES LYNDESA.Y, Lady of William Brvce of Erlshall, vho 
in hir life was charitable to the poore, and profitable to that hovse, 
dyed 1635, of her age sixty-eight, and waiteth in hope. D. A. L." 

A marble tablet in the chancel commemorates the Rev. Thomas 
Kettle, minister of the parish, who died 14th November, 1808, in 
his sixty-eighth year, and the thirty-fifth of his ministry; also 
his son, Alexander Kettle, W.S., Edinburgh, who died in 1841, 
bequeathing 500 for behoof of the parochial poor. 

In the churchyard a tombstone marks the resting-place of Mrs. 
Cochrane Stewart, daughter of Sir John Stewart, Bart., of Allan- 
bank, who died 9th April, 1807, aged eighty-one. 


On the Mount, a considerable eminence in this parish, a massive 
column one hundred feet in height, is one of the several monu- 
ments raised in honour of John, fourth Earl of Hopetoun. (Vol. I., 
9, 179.) 

In the parish churchyard is the family burial-place of the Earls 
of Leven and Melville. By a monument is commemorated Leslie 
Melville Lord Balgonie, who died in 1857. Born on the 10th 
November, 1831, Lord Balgonie entered the army in 1850 as an 


officer of the Grenadier Guards. With his regiment he continued 
in active service during the whole of the Crimean war, when he 
contracted the seeds of a complaint to which he succumbed at 
the age of twenty-six. 

Monimail churchyard contains the burial-place of the family 
of Makgill Crichton, of Eankeilour. (See supra, p. 85.) 


Surrounded with trees at a short distance to the westward of 
Newburgh village is the cross of Mugdrum. The name is a 
corruption of Magridin, the saint in whose honour it was reared. 
The cross is firmly mortised in a block of sandstone, five feet 
long, three feet six inches broad, and two feet thick. The shaft 
is about eleven feet in height, and the transverse part has long 
since disappeared. The shaft is sculptured with the representa- 
tion of a boar hunt. 

About a mile south of Mugdrum cross stood the celebrated 
cross of Macduff. The basement stone only remains, the shaft 
which it supported having been destroyed by a party of Reformers 
in 1559. By iron staples were attached to the cross, at its base- 
ment, nine rings, any of which on being grasped by a member of 
the clan Macduff who had offended against the law exempted 
the offender from punishment. This privilege was conferred by 
Malcolm Canmore on the thane Macduff and his descendants. 
It was claimed in the seventeenth century by Spence of Wor- 
miston, for killing an individual named Kinninmouth. Macduffs 
Cross is the subject of a poem by Sir Walter Scott. 

In Lindores Abbey (a religious house founded in 1178 by 
David, Earl of Huntingdon, and now in ruins) several stone 
coffins were recently exhumed. Two small stone coffins in front 
of the high altar contained the bodies of two children of the 


founder. A large sarcophagus contained, it is believed, the remains 
of David, Duke of Rothesay, eldest son of Robert III., who died 
at Falkland Palace on the 27th March, 1402. Another sarco- 
phagus is associated with James ninth Earl of Douglas, who spent 
his last years in the abbey, and there died on the 15th April, 1438. 


An altar tombstone, now built into the south wall of the parish 
church, celebrates, in a long Latin epitaph, the Rev. George Hamil- 
ton, proprietor of Cairnes, a zealous upholder of Presbyterianism. 
Ordained minister of Newburn in 1628, he was, in August, 1637, 
served with letters of horning charging him to purchase and read 
the Service-book. In 1638 he was one of the ministers named for 
tendering a complaint to the General Assembly against the thirteen 
bishops. In 1649 he was translated to Pittenweem. In 1653 he 
suffered imprisonment in Edinburgh for eight days for praying for 
Charles II. ; and after the Restoration he was deprived for rejecting 
Episcopacy. He was allowed to minister to his people till his 
death, which took place on the 8th April, 1677, in his 76th year 
and the 49th of his ministry. He married Euphemia Douglas, who 
died 28th January, lb'73. 

An elegant monument celebrates the Right Rev. David Low, 
D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Moray, Ross and Argyll. Born at Brechin 
in November, 1768, he took orders in 1787, and in 1790 was settled 
as Episcopal pastor in Pittenweem. He was consecrated bishop in 
1819, but continued to minister to his congregation. He died at 
Pittenweem on the 26th January, 1855, in his 87th year and the 
66th of his ministry. 

In the north wall of the church a marble tablet has been erected 
by Robert Henderson, merchant in Glasgow, in memory of his 
parents and other members of his family. It is thus inscribed : 

" Erected by Robert Henderson, merchant in Glasgow, in memory 


of his parents, George Henderson and Janet Tod, who died at Pit- 
teuvveem ; the former on 13th May, 1824, aged 48 years ; the latter 
on 4th July, 1832, aged 61 years. Also, of his sisters and brothers 
who died Janet, at Pittenweern, 9th Nov., 1815, aged 8 years ; 
Patrick, at Glasgow, 21st July, 1841, aged 33 years ; George, at 
Glasgow, 24th Dec., 1852, aged 50 years ; Thomas, at Leghorn, llth 
Oct., 1854, aged 52 years ; John, at Pittenweeiu, 27th Nov., 1854, 
aged 50 years." 

By his son, David Wilson, of Inchyre, a monument has been 
erected in memory of his father, the Rev. David Wilson, minister 
of the Eelief congregation, Pittenweem, who died 20th January, 

Tombstones commemorate James Horsburgh, of Firth, who died 
in 1856, aged 81; Thomas Martin, writer, Edinburgh, who died in 
1826; Dr. James Nairne, minister of the parish, who died 15th 
July, 1819, in his 69th year and 44th of his ministry ; and the Kev. 
John Cooper, who died 26th March, 1854, in his 53rd year and the 
22nd of his ministry. 


In the chapel of St. Salvator's College (now styled the College 
Church) are several mural and other monuments. Of these the 
most ancient and interesting is that in celebration of Bishop 
Kennedy, founder of the college. This elegant structure was con- 
structed by the prelate, whom it commemorates, shortly before his 
decease. Reared in Gothic architecture it is rich in finely clustered 
columns, elegantly sculptured canopies, and studded pendants. On 
the top is a representation of the Saviour surrounded by his angels. 
A tablet of brass containing an inscription was affixed to the lower 
part of the structure, but it has long since disappeared. Under the 

* One of his sons, the Eight Rev. William Scott Wilson, LL.D., is Bishop of 
Glasgow and Galloway. 


central arch are two lines of a Latin inscription almost effaced. 
The Ilev. C. J. Lyon, the ingenious historian of St. Andrews, has 
thus rendered* the second line and a portion of the first : 

" Magister 
Hicce finit fanum qui largis intulit ortum." 

According to Lindsay of Pitscottie.f the monument was reared 
at the expense of 10,000 sterling, a sum equal to that expended 
in the erection of the college. To account for this heavy expendi- 
ture it has been conjectured that the various niches had been filled 
with silver images. 

In the interior of the tomb were found, in 1683, six highly deco- 
rated maces. Of these three were presented to the Universities of 
Aberdeen, Glasgow, and Edinburgh, and the other three were 
retained two being deposited in St. Mary's College, and one in 
the College of St. Salvator. The mace retained by St. Salvator's 
College is the most ornate, and it is composed of solid silver, 
while the others are plated. It is four feet long and weighs 
nearly twenty pounds. Three labels are attached, which bear these 
inscriptions : " Jacobus Kennedy, illustris Sancti Andreae An- 
tistes, ac fundator collegii St. Salvatoris cui me donavit, me fecit 
fieri Parisiis. An. Dom. MIIIILXI." " John Mair gooldsmythe and 
verlotte of chamer til the Lord Dauphin has made this masse in 
the towne of Paris in the year of our Lord 1461." " Dr. Alex. 
Skene, collegii St. Salvatoris nostri praepositus, me temporis in- 
jurialaesum et mutilatuin, publicis dicti collegii sumptibus reparan- 
dum curavit ann. 1685." 

During the popular outbreak at the Reformation, Bishop Ken- 
nedy's tomb was deprived of its ornaments ; it suffered additional 
injury about a century ago, when the original roof of the chapel 
was taken down. In 1842 the interior of the tomb underwent 
examination. Under the large slab of black marble in its recess 
was found a shallow irregular space filled with stones and rubbish. 

History of St. Andrews, by the Rev. C. J. Lyon, Edinb., 1843, II. 195. 
t Lindsay of FiUcottie, folio p. 68. 


Immediately beneath was discovered a strong arch, supporting the 
entire weight of the monument, under which was a quantity of 
loose earth. Scattered among the earth were fragments of bones, 
the leg and arm bones being entire, also the skull. These were 
partially covered with cerecloth, thus bearing marks of embalm- 
ment. Portions of a wooden coffin were also discovered. On the 
earth being removed from under the arch there appeared a large 
square cell eight feet long, three and a half feet broad, and five feet 
in height, with a cross cut in marble at the east and west ends. 
Fragments of painted tiles strewn among the earth had evidently 
been used in forming a floor. The cell had doubtless contained the 
bishop's remains, the head resting against the western cross. The 
bones were collected in a box and placed in the cell, which was 
carefully built up. Examined phrenologically the bishop's skull 
was pronounced to evince firmness, conscientiousness, and venera- 
tion, with very ordinary intellectual power. 

Bishop James Kennedy was younger son of James Kennedy of 
Dunure, by his wife the Countess of Angus, daughter of Eobert 
III., and was born about the year 1405. By his uncle, Jarnes I., 
he was, in 1437, appointed to the see of Dunkeld; three years 
afterwards he was advanced to the diocese of St. Andrews. In 
1444 he became Lord High Chancellor, an office which he held 
only a few weeks. He was entrusted with the education of James 
III., and acted as one of the lords of the regency during that 
Prince's minority. Under Papal sanction he founded St. Salvator's 
College in 1455, dedicating it to the honour of God, of the Saviour, 
and of the Virgin Mary. He also built a magnificent " barge " 
called the St. Salvator, which he used in foreign trade ; it remained 
the property of the see till 1472, when it was wrecked on the coast 
of Bamborough. Bishop Kennedy died 10th May, 1466. 

In the vestibule of St. Salvator's Chapel, inserted in the pave- 
ment, is the tombstone of Dr. Hugh Spens, provost of the college 
from 1505 to 1534. In the centre is a figure of the provost in his 
academic robes, with a representation of his family shield, while 
along the margin is the following inscription in raised letters : - 


" Hie requiescit endus et egregius vir magister noster Hugo 

Spens, theologus eximius in utroque jure qui hunc locum 

variis ditavit muneribus obiit ann. dom. 1534 et 21 die Julii." Pro- 
vost Spens's monument seems to have been removed to its present 
position from the vicinity of the high altar, where, as provost of 
his college, he would certainly be entombed. 

In the south wall of the vestibule a marble tablet commemorates 
Dr. Alexander Pitcairn, Principal of St. Mary's College from 1693 
to 1698. In the north wall of the church an elegantly sculptured 
cenotaph commemorates William Dalgleish Playfair, lieutenant in 
the Indian army, eldest son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Sir 
Hugh Lyon Playfair, Provost of St. Andrews. An inscription bears 
that he fell " on the 16th February, 1846, in the memorable battle 
of Sobraon, while gallantly leading his company in the attack 
made by Sir Kobert Dick's division on the right of the Sikh 

St. Leonard's College, founded in 1512 by Prior John Hepburn, 
contains in its roofless chapel several ancient monuments. On the 
north wall a monument, richly decorated, which presents no trace 
of an inscription, is supposed to commemorate the founder. Prior 
Hepburn died in 1522. 

On the wall of the chapel a monument in Greek architecture, 
fifteen feet in height, commemorates Kobert Stewart, Earl of March, 
brother of the Regent Lennox. Bishop elect of Caithness before 
the Reformation, he joined the Reformers, and thus secured the 
temporalities of his see ; he also obtained from his brother the 
office of Commendator of the Priory of St. Andrews, which included 
St. Leonard's College. On the upper portion of his tomb a small 
tablet bears these words : " R. S. obiit anno 86 Agu 29 setatis 
sure 63." On the architrave are these hexameters : 

" In portu fluctusque omnes classemque relinquo 
Me spectans mundumque omnem fascesque relinque." * 

* The troubles to which the inscription refers, were doubtless, the forfeiture 
which he endured for having joined his brother, the Earl of Lennox, agaiiiht th 
Jutrl of Ai ran's government. 


Another mural monument in St. Leonard's chapel celebrates Kobert 
AVilkie, principal of the college from 1579 to 1611, and founder of 
six bursaries in connection with it. The inscription proceeds thus : 

" Clariss. viri D. Rob. Vilichii academies Rectoris, qui huic gymnasio 
ann. XXI. summa cum laude praefuit. Aream ab occidente sedi- 
bus clausit ; ab oriente auxit ; testamento 4200 inercas pauperibus 
alendis legavit. Ob. ann. setat 63 ann. dbm. 1611, men. Juu. 
26 Ditavi, excolui, ornavi, auxique, lyceum, doctrina, fama, 
sedibus, ac opibus; testis doctrinse est, academia Scotianse stant 
sedes. Opibus nutrio 6 inopes." 

In the floor of St. Leonard's Chapel are several memorial stones. 
One at the north-east corner celebrates James Wilkie, Principal of 
the College, and predecessor and uncle of Principal Robert Wilkie. 
He died in 1590, aged 78. He was one of those held by the 
General Assembly of 1560 to be qualified both for "ministering 
and teaching." 

On the pavement a tombstone bearing the device of a ram on a 
heraldic shield, commemorates John Wynram, Sub-prior of St. 
Andrews. This ecclesiastic accommodated himself to the pre- 
vailing sentiments of his period. He assisted at the trial and 
condemnation of Wishart and Mill, and in 1560 joined the Re- 
formers, by whom he was appointed Superintendent of Fife. He 
was one of the committee who framed the Confession of Faith and 
the Books of Discipline. He died in 1582, aged 90. 

A flat tombstone, presenting a robed figure, commemorates, in a 

half-effaced Latin inscription, Emanuel Young, a canon of the 

' *> 

Priory, who died in 1544. 

In the west end of the chapel a pavement tombstone commemo- 
rates, by a Latin epitaph, John Archibald and Margaret his wife. 
Archibald founded an altarage in 1525, and deposited 200 in the 
hands of Gavin Logie, Regent of the College, as an endowment for 
performing an annual obit for his soul.* 

A memorial stone, celebrating William Ruglyn, a canon and 

* Logie was suspected of favouring the new opinions, and during the persecution 
of Archbishop James Beaton effected his escape to the Continent. 


"master of works, who died 8th April, 1502," has been, for 
greater safety, placed in St. Leonard's Chapel ; it was a few years 
since found in a private garden. 

In Trinity or Town Church, a magnificent memorial structure on 
the east wall of the great aisle commemorates Archbishop James 
Sharp. This noted prelate was son of the Sheriff Clerk of Banff- 
shire, and was born in the castle of Banff on the 4th May, 1618. 
Having studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen, and visited the 
Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, he became a Regent in St. 
Leonard's College, St. Andrews. In January, 1648, he was ordained 
minister of Crail. Joining the Resolution party in the Church, he 
was seized by order of Cromwell, and for some months detained a 
prisoner in London. In 1657 he waited on the Protector, with 
other ministers, to obtain his authority for holding a General 
Assembly, but failed in his mission. After the ascendancy of 
General Monk, in 1660, he was appointed by the leading Presby- 
terians to wait on him, in order to obtain the sanction of Charles 
II. to the proposed settlement of the Presbyterian Church. He 
returned to Scotland bearer of a royal letter, in which his Majesty 
expressed a resolution to preserve the government of the Church 
as " settled by law." But the restoration of Episcopacy had been 
resolved upon, and Sharp was privy to the resolution. During 
his absence he was offered one of the city churches of Edinburgh, 
and on his declinature he was elected Professor of Divinity at 
St. Andrews. He was also appointed his Majesty's chaplain for 
Scotland, with a salary of 200 per annum. On the overthrow of 
Presbytery by Parliament in August, 1661, Sharp proceeded to 
London, when he was appointed Archbishop of St. Andrews, and, 
with three others, was, on the 15th December, consecrated at 
Westminster. He became a vigorous opponent of Presbyterianism, 
and an oppressor of his former friends. His tyranny became odious. 
An attempt to assassinate him was made in the High Street of 
Edinburgh in July, 1668, but failed. On Saturday, the 3rd May, 
1679, while travelling with his eldest daughter from Edinburgh to 
St. Andrews, his carriage was intercepted on Magus Muir, within 


three miles of the latter city, by nine zealous Presbyterians, goaded 
to madness by the oppression of the times. They struck down the 
coachman, and stopped the horses; then, calling on the Arch- 
bishop to come forth, they adjured him to prepare for death. His 
entreaties for mercy were unheeded, and he was slain pierced with 
many wounds. Thirteen days after his slaughter his remains were 
deposited with great pomp in the aisle of the parish church, and a 
sculptor in Holland was commissioned by his son, Sir William 
Sharp, of Strathtyrum, to construct a splendid mausoleum over his 

The monument, which in 1849 underwent a thorough repair, is 
a triumph of sepulchral art. Composed of white and black marble, 
the upper part presents a representation of the archbishop support- 
ing the church. Below are two angels, with wings extended, 
supporting the shield, mitre, and crosiers. In the centre of the 
monument the archbishop is kneeling, while an angel is exchanging 
the crown for the mitre, pro mitra cwonam, which became the 
motto of his House. Beneath is an elegant urn containing the 
inscription, under which is a bas-relief representation of the 
murder. In the background of the picture are the assassins in 
pursuit of the carriage, which is drawn by six horses. In the fore- 
ground the primate is on his knees, surrounded by his assassins ; 
Haxton, of Eathillet, lingering aside on horseback, and the arch- 
bishop's daughter detained by two of the conspirators, while in an 
imploring attitude she begs her father's life. The inscription is as 
follows : 

"D. 0. M. 

Sacratissimi antistitis, prudentissimi senatoris, sanctissimi 


cineres pretiosissimos, 
Sublime hoc tegit mausoleum. 

Hie namque jacet 

Quod sub sole reliquum est reverendissimi in Christo patris, 

B.D. Jacobi Sharp, Sti. Andrese archiepiscopi, totius 

Scotise primatis, &c. ; 

Philosophise et theologize professorem, academia ; 


Presbyteruin, doctorem, prsesulem, ecclesia ; 
Turn ecclesiastic!, tuin civilis statis ministrum primarium, 

Scotia ; 

Serenissimi Caroli Secundi monarchicique imperil 
restitutionis suasorem 

Britannia ; 
Episcopalis ordinis in Scotia iustauratorem, Christianus 

orbis ; 
Pietatis exemplurn ; pacis angelum ; sapientise oraculum ; 

gravitatis imaginem ; boni et fideles subditi ; 

Impietatis, perduellionis, et schismatis hostera accerimum ; 

Dei, regis, et gregis inimici viderunt, agnoverunt, 



Talis et tantus cum esset, novem conjurati parricides, fanatico 

furore perciti, in metropoliticae suae civitatis vicinio, lucente 

meridiano sole, charissima filia primogenita et 

domesticis famulis vulneratis, lachrymantibus, 

reclamantibus, in genua, ut pro ipsis etiam 

oraret, prolapsum, quam plurimis 

vulneribus confossum sclopetis 

gladiis, pugiouibus, horren- 

dum in mod urn truci- 

darunt, 3 die Mail 

1679, aetatis 

suse 61." 

During the course of the recent repairs it was resolved to make 
an examination of the monument's interior. An entrance was 
effected by the removal of several large flat stones in front of the 
structure. A square vault seven feet long, four feet broad, and 
three and a half in height, was found to contain, scattered among 
rubbish, eight coffin handles and a few remains of a coffin. There 
were no human remains. It is to be feared that these had been 
removed and scattered, when in 1725 " certain ryotous and dis- 
orderlie persons " broke into the church by night and defaced the 
monument, carrying away a portion of the marble.* 

At Magus Muir, within an enclosure, near the village of Strath- 
kinnes, and known as the Bishop's Wood, a plain tombstone 

* Records of Town Council of St. Andrews, September 1275. 


commemorates Andrew Guillan, one of the archbishop's assassins, 
who was executed at Edinburgh on the 2()th July, 1683. It is 
inscribed thus : 

" A faithful martyr here doth lye, 
A witness against perjury ; 
Who cruelly was put to death, 

To gratify proud prelates' wrath ; , 

They cut his hands ere he was dead, 
And after that struck off his head. 
To Magus Muir then did him bring, 
His body on a pole did hing. 
His blood under the altar cries 
For vengeance on Christ's enemies." 

Guillan was a hand-loom weaver in the village of Balmerino. 
After his execution his head was fixed up at Cupar, and his body 
hung in chains at Magus Muir. By his friends his body was taken 
down and buried in the Long-cross of Clermont, near Magus Muir.* 

Haxton of Eathillet, another of the archbishop's nine assas- 
sins, was made prisoner at the skirmish at Airs-Moss in 1680, 
and was tried and executed at Edinburgh. 

A few hundred yards to the westward of Guillan's tombstone, in 
an open field, is the grave of four covenanters who were taken 
prisoners at the battle of Bothwell Bridge in June, 1679, and who 
by sentence of the Justiciary Court were executed at Magus Muir 
on the 18th November following. A tombstone raised to their 
memory in 1726, by the Cameronians of Dumfriesshire, but which 
long since has disappeared, was thus inscribed : 

" Here lie Thomas Brown, James Wood, Andrew Sword, John 
Waddel, and John Clyde, who suffered martyrdom on Magus 
Muir for their adherence to the word of God and Scotland's 
covenanted work of Reformation, November 25th, 1689. 

'Cause we at Bothwell did appear, 
Perjurious oaths refused to swear ; 
'Cause we Christ's cause would not condemn, 
We were sentenced to death by men, 
Who rag'd against us in such fury, 

* " Cloud of Witnesses." 


Our dead bodies they did not bury ; 
But up on poles did hing us high, 
Triumphs of Babel's victor}'. 
Our lives we fear'd not to the death, 
But constant prov'd to the last breath." 

At the west end of the Scores Walk, at the top of the declivity 
leading towards the Links, and overlooking St. Andrews Bay, an 
obelisk, forty-five feet in height, is known as the Martyrs' Monu- 
ment. It was reared in 1842 by public subscription, to comme- 
rate John Resby, Paul Craw, Patrick Hamilton, Henry Forrest, 
and George Wishart, who suffered by fire at St. Andrews for 
upholding the principles of the Reformation. 

The parish churchyard surrounds the ruins of the cathedral.* 
At the foot of the great altar are three projecting stone coffins, 
supposed to be those of Archbishop William Shevez, James 
Stewart, and James Beaton. Shevez recommended himself to 
James III. by his skill in astrology, and was appointed Arch- 
bishop of St. Andrews in 1478. He established a library in 
connection with the University. The Archbishopric of Glasgow 
was constituted during his primacy, but in entire opposition to 
his will. He died in 1496, and was interred before the high altar 
of the cathedral, a monument of brass being placed over his 
remains. Archbishop James Stewart was second son of James 
III., by his Queen, Margaret of Denmark. He was appointed to 
the archbishopric as successor to Shevez in his twenty-first year, 
and was about the same time created Duke of Ross and Marquis 
of Ormond. He died in his twenty-eighth year. 

Son of the proprietor of Balfour, in Fife, Archbishop James 
Beaton was successively Bishop of Galloway and Archbishop of 
Glasgow ; he also held office as Lord High Chancellor. In 1523 

* St. Andrews Cathedral was founded in 1159 by Arnold, nineteenth bishop of 
the see, and was completed by Bishop Lamberton, in 1318. After standing 240 
years, it was demolished in June, 1559, by the citizens, after a sermon by Enox. 
When entire it had five towers, and a great central steeple. Three of the towers 
remain, with the south wall of the nave, and that on the west side of the south 


lie was elevated to the primacy as Archbishop of St. Andrews. 
He endured four months' imprisonment in 1524 for uniting him- 
self to the party against Arran and the queen-mother, who 
desired that James V. should be declared of age in his twelfth 
year. On his restoration to favour he was appointed one of the 
Privy Council for educating the youthful sovereign and adminis- 
tering the national affairs. At much personal inconvenience he 
enabled the young king to rescue himself from the control of the 
Douglases. He erected at his own expense a considerable part of 
St. Mary's College, St. Andrews, now used as a theological semi- 
nary. He died in 1539. 

Within the area of the cathedral, on the floor of the south 
transept, are several tombstones, three of which have the inscrip- 
tions legible. The oldest is inscribed thus : 

"Hie jacet sepultus dompnus [dominus] Robertus Cathnic 
canonicus istius loci qui obiit anno dom MCCCLXXX." 

A second tombstone has this legend : 

" Hie jacet Jacobus Elioly, canonicus metropolitane ecclesie 
Sancti Andree, qui obiit XVIII. die Novemb. ann. dom. MDXIII." 

On the four corner compartments are these words : " Fratres- 
obsecro-orate-pro me." 

The third tombstone is inscribed as follows : 

" Hie jacet Eo-Graie, quondam vitriarius ac plumbarius hu 
almi templi, qui obiit primo Maii, ann. dom. MDIV." 

At the corners of the stone are four shields, the first containing 
the letters I.H.S. [lesus hominurn Salvator] ; the second a lion 
rampant within an ingrailed border, being the arms of the House 
of Gray; the third and fourth shields exhibit two arrows lying 

Among the monuments of the seventeenth century one of the 
most interesting is a plain tombstone commemorating the cele- 


brated Mr. Samuel Rutherford (vol. i., 32G). The stone is inscribed 
thus : 

" What tongue, what pen, or skill of men, 
Can famous Rutherford commend, 
His Learning justly raised his fame, 
True godliness adorn'd his name. 
He did converse with things above 
Acquainted with Emmanuel's love. 
Most orthodox he was and sound, 
And many errors did confound. 
For Zion's King and Zion's cause 
And Scotland's covenanted laws 
Most constantly he did contend 
Until his time was at an end. 
Thus he won to the full position 
Of that which he had seen in vision." 

A tombstone, now removed, commemorated Catherine Carstaira, 
wife of Mr. James Wood, an eminent divine, and who was asso- 
ciated with Mr. Samuel Rutherford in maintaining the authority 
and "independence of the Scottish Church. The tombstone was 
inscribed as follows : 

" Hie, beatae resurrectionis spei plense, requiescunt, redemptoris 
praestolantes adventum, exuviae lectissimae fceminae Catharina 
Carstairs, Jacobi Sylvii quondam conjugis charissimse ; quae vitam 
terrenam, a prima setate, modestia, sobrietate, industria, pietate, 
aliisque virtutibus christianis, citra fucum ornatissimam ; tandem 
morbi pertinacis torminibus confecta, insignemque de hoste salutis 
humanae, in gravissimo certamine,victoriam, Domini virtute, ingenti 
solatio spectantium, adepta, cum ccelesti commutavit 9 Septembris, 
anno 1658. ^Etatis suae 38. 18 conjugii, in quo xi liberos, 
5 filios, 6 filias enixa, ter insuper abortum passu, pie et religiose 
obiit. Anagrammate vero, casta, rara Christiana." 

Descended from the old and renowned family of the name, 
Jarnes Wood was son of a merchant in St. Andrews. Having 
acquired distinction at St. Andrews University, he was appointed 
a regent in St. Salvator's College. In 1640 he was ordained 
minister of Dunino. To the Greyfriars' Church, Aberdeen, and 
Professorship of Divinity in Marischal College of that city he was 
elected in 1644, but in the following year he was inducted as 


Professor of Divinity in St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. From 
his early training he had some Episcopal leanings, but he was 
led, through the conversation of the celebrated Mr. Alexander 
Henderson, to cordially embrace the Presbyterian doctrines.* He 
took part with the Resolution party, which temporarily estranged 
him from Rutherford, who was principal of his college. On the 
recommendation of Mr. James Sharp, the future archbishop, he 
was in 1657 appointed Principal of St. Salvator's College.f When 
Episcopacy was established at the Restoration, Sharp used every 
effort to induce Mr. Wood to renounce his opinions, but without 
success. He caused him to be summoned before the Council in 
July, 1663, and on his appearing he was deprived of his princi- 
palship and ordered to confine himself within the city of Edin- 
burgh. He was afterwards permitted to return to St. Andrews 
to visit his father, who had fallen sick. He was now seized with 
illness, and was some time confined to his chamber. By the 
primate he was frequently visited, and report was assiduously 
given forth that in the prospect of death he had expressed himself 
as indifferent about forms of church government, and was content 
to submit such matters to magisterial authority. Informed of the 
rumour, Mr. Wood subscribed a declaration, affirming his belief 
that " Presbyterian government was the ordinance of God ; " that 
" he never had the least change of thought concerning the necessity 
of it ; " and that were he to live, he " would account it his glory to 
seal this word of his testimony with his blood." His declaration 
was subscribed on the 2nd of March, 1664, and on the 15th day 
of the same month he breathed his last.:}: 

One of the witnesses to Mr. Wood's declaration was his brother- 
in-law, Mr. John Carstairs, minister of the Cathedral Church, 
Glasgow. This eminent person was eldest son of James Carstairs, 
merchant and magistrate in St. Andrews, and was descended from 

* Correspondence of the Rev. Robert Wodrow, III., 34. 
t Baillie's Letters and Journal, III., 216, 376. 
t Wodrow's History, I., 404. Glasg., 1828. 


the old family of Carstairs, of Newgrange, Fifeshire. Having 
obtained licence, he was ordained minister of Cathcart in -June, 
1647. While attending the army at the battle of Dunbar, in 
September, 1650, he was severely wounded, stripped, and left 
among the dead. He became minister of the Cathedral Church, 
Glasgow, in 1655. Summoned before the court of High Commis- 
sion for witnessing the signature of Mr. Wood to his declaration, 
he retired to Ireland, and afterwards sought refuge in Holland. 
He was subsequently permitted to reside in Edinburgh, where he 
suffered from protracted sickness. He attended the Earl of Argyll 
before his execution in June, 1685, and was invited to administer 
death-bed consolation to the Lord Chancellor Eothes. In devo- 
tional fervour he excelled all his contemporaries. He died on the 
5th February, 1686, in his sixty-fourth year, and thirty-ninth of 
his ministry. His eldest son, William, was the distinguished 
principal. His father, Bailie James Carstairs, died at St. Andrews, 
29th September, 1671. On his tombstone were inscribed these 
lines : 

" Reader, who on this stone doth cast thine eye, 
Do not forget the blessed memory 
Of Bailie James Carstairs ; to whom God did impart 
A candid mind, without a double heart, 
To virtue, grace, and honesty inclin'd ; 
To all his friends most singularly kind ; 
He wisely did, with all men, follow peace ; 
At length expyr'd, full both of years and grace." 

The following Latin verses commemorate John Carstairs, a youth 
of eighteen years; son of a Bailie James Carstairs, merchant in St. 
Andrews, who died llth January, 1653 : 

" Nate, patris matrisque amor, et spes una senectae, 

Quamdiu vita fuit, nunc dolor et lachrymae, 
Accipe quse mcesti tibi solvunt justa parentes, 
Funere, naturae vertitur ordo, tuo. 

" Charae pater luctuni, mater charissima planctum 

Siste ; piis placidam mors dat in astra viam. 
Ante diem morior ; nulla hinc dispendia ; non tarn 
Mors nocet ante diem, quam beat ante diem." 


A tombstone, long since removed, bearing the name of William 
Wood and his wife Catherine Balfour, who both died in 1622, 
severally aged twenty-seven, probably celebrated the grandfather 
and grandmother of the future Principal of St. Salvator's College. 
According to Monteith, the inscription was as follows : 

"Memorise sacrum. Hie jacet spectatse pietatis, probitatis et 
fidei, illustris civis, Gulielmus Wood ; cum fcemina lectissima, 
conjuge dilectissima Christiana Balfour, qui simul morbo et morte 
correpti diem obierunt, ejusdem consortes tumuli, ut participes 
thalami. Hie obiit anno 1612. aetatis 27. Hsec obiit anno 1612, 
setatis 27, dies 14. 

David Balfour, sometime one of the Royal Scottish Guard in 
France, and latterly Provost of St. Andrews, is on his tombstone 
thus commemorated : 

" Hie jacet honorabilis vir David Balfour, quondam regi Gallise 
ab excubiis corporis ; civitatis sancti Andrese prsefectus : qui obiit 
Andreapoli, .16 Februarii 1625, D.B. 

" Victima pro Batavis, Germanus morte litavit ; 

Sseve tamen sua est hostia csesa manu : 
Ipse redux, ramum referens pacalis olivse, 

Ad tumulum statui hunc arma virumque meum." 

On his monument, David Falconer, bailie, was celebrated 
thus : 

" Hie jacet David Falconer, ex sat honesta familia oriundus, qui 
honestam matronam Jonetam Jack in hac civitate duxit, ex qua 
octo liberos habuit ; sub praefecto, urbis magistratum, summa cum 
laude gessit ; et ingenium, candorem, urbanitatem, aliasque virtutes 
ubique monstravit : quse ei natalium honestatem et erectam satis 
indolem redolebant. Decessit, autem aetatis 47, anno Dom. 1668, 
27 Aprilis." 

From the burial-place of the family of Trail we have these 
epitaphs : 

" Memorise sacrum Helense Myrtonse, optimse matronse, D. 
Andrese Trallii, tribuni militum, viri optimi, primum conjugis ; 
dein D. Eoberti Danestoni eqnitis, consiliarii conservatoris, quse 
obiit 13 Feb., 1608. Neonon Mathildas Melvinse, Jacobi Trallii 
conjugis lectissimae et piissimse fceminse, moerens posuit. Obiit 
23 Novembris, 1608." 


"Hicjacet honorabilis mulier Helena Traill, uxorPetri Arnot de 
Balcormo, quae obiit 25 Februarii, 1607. Job xix. 25 ; 1 Cor. xv. 55. 

Hugh Scrymgeour, of Balrymont, who died in 1646, is on his 
tombstone commemorated thus : 

" Exuviae egregii et generosi viri, Hugonis Scrimgeri a Balray- 
mont ; quern prudentia, constantia aliseque virtutes prseclarum ; 
dictorum, factorum et amicitiae fides inviolata, percharum reddi- 
dere; hoc marmore teguntur. Obiit aerae christianae 1646, Feb. 7, 
^Etatis 53. Memento mori." 

James Sword, Provost of the city, who died 6th February, 1657, 
aged sixty-four, has on his monument these lines : 

" Gloria municipum quondam, mine alta gravedo, 
Laus olim, jam moeror, hac in lychnite quiescit ; 
Cujus vita fuit pietatis normula verae, 
Urbem Andreanam diuturna pace gubernans ; 
*" Fidus in officio, cunctis et jura ministrans ; 

Non, propriis inhians ; in publica commoda pronus ; 
Mens invicta malis ; nimis haud elata secundis ; 
Vixerat in Christo : in Christo sua vota suprema, 

Mors ultima linea rerum." 

John Echline, of Pittadrow, twelve years Eegent of Philosophy 
in St. Leonard's College, is thus celebrated : 

" D. 0. M. S. Hie situs est vir doctissimus, Magister Joannes 
Echline, a Pittadrow ; qui bonas literas et philosophiam in collegio 
Leonardino, annos 12 cum singulari eruditionis et ingenii laude, 
docuit: pie et placide obiit 7 Novembris, 1603. ^Etatis 52. 

"Hujus habet pietas venturae et praemia vitae ; 

Dulce mihi Christo vivere : dulce mori 
Immatura nimis ne quis mea fata queratur, 
Nunc vitam hanc, vita perpete, penso brevem." 

Mr. John Sword, eldest son of Provost James Sword, who died 
in 1654, aged thirty-two, has these lines on his monument : 

" Insignia juvenis, chariturn ditatus abunde 
Magnificis donis, hac requiescit humo ; 
Namque in eo probitas praeluxit, pallade juncta, 
Cunctaque quae juvenem nobilitare solent. 


Spiritus in coelis, corpus tellure quiescit ; 

Nobis virtutes ut paradigrna forent : 
Eeliquit famam mundo, nomenque poetis, 

Dulcia dum Christo cantica dulce canit." 

Likewise celebrated in Latin verse are John Wilson, commissary 
clerk at St. Andrews, who died in 1666, and his wife Janet 
Robertson, who died in the following year. Their epitaph proceeds 

"Hunc \itse integritas, hunc mens et acerrima, virtus 

Omnigena certant condecorare viruin ; 
Hie odit scriba et bifrontis bivia Jani ; 

Conscribens, cur sic secla futura beeut, 
Hac itur ad superos ; hac dum pulvisculus urna 

Dormit in exili, mens petit astra poli. 
Fcemina, prseclaris fata avibus, ecce rnarito 

Est censors tumuli, quse' fuit ante tori." 

A monument formerly commemorated Mr. William Preston, son 
of Sir John Preston, baronet of Airdrie, who died 27th March, 1657, 
aged 26. It was inscribed as follows : 

" Hie conditus est generosus preestans et perdoctus juvenis, 
magister Gulielmus Preston ; films clarissimi viri domi Joannis 
Preston equitis ac baronis de Airdry; philosophiam in gymnasio 
Leonardino, per triennium totum professus, ingenio, iudustria, 
moribusque probatis, omnium. Suffragia meruit ; hinc praematura 
morte abreptus intacta fama obiit 6 Cal. Aprilis (Martii 27), 
anno Dora. 1657. ^Etatis 26. Dignum laude virum musa vetat 
mori. Vive memor lethi ; fugit hora." 

A plain tombstone commemorates the Rev. William Wilkie, 
D.D., author of the Epigoniad, a poem written in the manner of 
the " Iliad." Dr. Wilkie was born in the parish of Dalmeny, Lin- 
lithgowshire, on the 5th October, 1721, and having studied theology 
and obtained licence, was settled minister of Ratho 17th May, 
1753. In November, 1759, he became Professor of Natural 
Philosophy at St. Andrews. He died 10th October, 1772. An 
ingenious philosopher and expert agriculturist, Dr. Wilkie was held 
in esteem by his contemporaries. As a poet he enjoyed consider- 
able celebrity. Afflicted by a perpetual chill, which he sought to 


overcome by profuse clothing, his habits were eccentric. To his 
influence the Rev. David Wilkie, his father's cousin, was indebted 
for the living of Cults ; the sou of that gentleman was Sir David 
Wilkie, the distinguished artist. 

By an ordinary gravestone is marked the resting-place of Dr. 
George Hill, Principal of St. Mary's College, an accomplished 
theologian and ecclesiastical leader. He was born at St. Andrews 
in June, 1750, his father being one of the ministers of the city. 
In his twenty-second year he was appointed assistant and suc- 
cessor to the Professor of Greek in the United College. In 1780 
he received the additional office of minister of the second parochial 
charge. In 1787 he was preferred to the Professorship of Theo- 
logy in St. Mary's College, and in other three years was advanced 
to the Principalship. In 1808 he was appointed to the office 
of minister of the first charge. He died 19th December, 1819, 
in his seventieth year, and the forty-second of his ministry. Dr. 
Hill held all the honours which could be obtained by a clergyman 
of the Scottish Church. He was one of the King's Chaplains, 
Dean of the Order of the Thistle, and Dean of the Chapel Royal 
He was leader of the General Assembly, and an extensive dis- 
penser of Crown patronage. As a preacher he enjoyed an unrivalled 
popularity. His lectures in divinity, published posthumously, 
have been frequently reprinted. 

A handsome mural monument, with an appropriate epitaph, 
celebrates the learning and virtues of Professor Adam Ferguson. 
Born in 1724, at Logierait, Perthshire, of which parish his father 
was minister, he .was early enrolled a student of St. Andrews 
University. He prosecuted his theological studies at Edinburgh, 
where he enjoyed the intercourse of William Robertson, Hugh 
Blair, John Home, Alexander Carlyle, and other distinguished 
contemporaries. Licensed as a preacher, he obtained the chap- 
laincy of the 42nd Regiment, an appointment, which he held for 
thirteen years. In 1757 he became tutor in the family of the Earl 
of Bute, and in other two years was appointed Professor of Natural 
Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. This chair he ex- 


changed for that of Moral Philosophy in 1764, which he resigned 
in favour of the celebrated Dugald Stewart in 1785. He afterwards 
resided in Peeblesshire, and latterly at St. Andrews. He died at 
St. Andrews on the 22nd February, 1816, at the age of ninety-two. 
His best known works are his " History of the Roman Republic," 
;iiul his "Principles of Moral and Political Science." 

Another distinguished nonagenarian is in the cathedral church- 
yard celebrated by an appropriate tombstone. Dr. John Hunter, 
Professor of Humanity in the United College, died at St. Andrews 
on the 18th January, 1837, aged ninety-one. Of humble parentage, he 
was born in the parish of Closeburn, Dumfriesshire, in September, 
1746. Educated at the Free School of Wallacehall in his native 
parish, he afterwards became a student at the University of Edin- 
burgh. Attracting the notice of Lord Monboddo, he became his 
private secretary. On his lordship's recommendation he was 
appointed in 1775 to his professorial chair. After discharging his 
duties as Latin professor upwards of sixty years with remarkable 
acceptance, he was appointed Principal of the United College. 
He died in the following year. His editions of the Latin classics 
are much valued. 

Dr. Thomas Gillespie, successor of Dr. John Hunter in the 
Humanity Chair, has a plain tombstone erected at his grave 
Born at Closeburn in February, 1778, he was educated at Wallace- 
hall, and in 1802 entered the University of Edinburgh. Having 
obtained licence he was in 1813 appointed to the church living at 
Cults through the influence of Dr. John Hunter, whose daughter 
he had married. In 1828 he became Dr. Hunter's assistant in the 
Humanity Chair, and eight years afterwards succeeded to the full 
emoluments of the office on his constituent's elevation to the 
Principalship. He died at Dunino, near St. Andrews, on the llth 
September, 1844, aged sixty-seven. Dr. Gillespie excelled as a con- 
versationalist, and was an accomplished scholar. He composed 
respectable verses. Articles from his pen in Constable's and 
Blackwood's Magazines abound in genuine humour. 

Within the ancient chapel of St. Regulus, a mural tablet comme- 


morales Professor George Cook, D.D., who is there interred. This 
eminent ecclesiastical leader was born at St. Andrews, in March, 
1773. Having completed his theological studies and obtained licence, 
he was in his twenty-second year ordained minister.of Laurencekirk. 
In 1828 he succeeded Dr. Thomas Chalmers as Professor of Moral 
Philosophy and Political Economy in the United College. He 
died at St. Andrews, on the 13th May, 1843. He was Dean of the 
Order of the Thistle, and one of her Majesty's chaplains. His 
principal works are his " History of the Reformation," and a " His- 
tory of the Church of Scotland." He succeeded his relative, Prin- 
cipal Hill, as leader of the moderate section of the Church. 

Dr. John Reid, the eminent physiologist, rests in the cathedral 
churchyard. Bom at Bathgate, 9th April, 1809, he was educated 
at the University of Edinburgh. Having attained his medical 
degree, he in 1833 became a partner in the Edinburgh Anatomical 
School. In 1836 he accepted the physiological lectureship in the 
Edinburgh extra- Academical School. In 1838 he was appointed 
Pathologist to the Edinburgh Infirmary, and in 1841 was preferred 
to the chair of Anatomy at St. Andrews. Attacked by the terrible 
malady of cancer in the tongue, in November, 1847, he underwent 
several operations without lasting benefit : he died at St. Andrews 
on the 30th July, 1849. During his last illness he prepared for 
the press his " Physiological, Anatomical, and Pathological He- 
searches," a work which was published posthumously. 

A tombstone marks the grave of Professor William Spalding, of 
the United College. This accomplished individual was born at 
Aberdeen, in 1808. Having studied at the University of Edin- 
burgh, he passed advocate, and was afterwards elected Professor of 
Rhetoric in the University of Edinburgh. In 1845 he was pre- 
ferred to the chair of Logic and Rhetoric at St. Andrews. To his 
professorial duties, till enfeebled by illness, he indefatigably 
devoted himself. He died at St. Andrews, on the 16th November, 
1859, aged fifty-two. He published a work on Italy, and a compen- 
dious " History of English Literature." 

A handsome monument marks the grave of Lieutenant-Colonel 


Sir Hugh Lyon Playfair, LL.D., provost of the city ; it was reared 
during his lifetime at his own expense. Son of Jarnes Playfair, D.D., 
Principal of the United College, he was born on the 17th November, 
1786. Obtaining a cadetship in the Indian army, he proceeded to 
Calcutta in 1805. There as an artillery officer he greatly distin- 
guished himself, chiefly by his powers of arrangement and adminis- 
tration. As superintendent of the great military road between 
Calcutta and Benares, 440 miles in length, he obtained for his 
services the highest commendation of his superiors. In 1827 he 
was promoted to the rank of major. He retired from active service 
in 1834, and established his residence at St. Andrews. In 1842 
he was elected provost, when he commenced those reforms in the 
city which are associated with his name. His services were 
honourably acknowledged. The university conferred upon him 
the degree of Doctor of Laws ; his portrait, painted at the expense 
of the citizens, was placed in the Town Hall. The corporation 
presented him with a piece of plate, and he was knighted by the 
Queen. Full of age and honours, Sir Hugh died at St. Andrews^ 
on the 23rd January, 1861, aged seventy-five. 

In the cathedral churchyard repose the remains of James Fre- 
derick Ferrier, Professor of Moral Philosophy in the United Col- 
lege. His grave is denoted by a tombstone ; he is likewise com- 
memorated in St. Cuthbert's churchyard, Edinburgh (Vol. I., 70). 

A suitable monument denotes the resting-place of John Eobert- 
son, D.D., minister of the Cathedral Church, Glasgow. This 
excellent man and accomplished scholar was born at Perth on the 
9th April, 1824. Having distinguished himself at the Grammar 
School, he entered the University of St. Andrews, and after a 
brilliant career was licensed to preach in February, 1848. Before 
the close of that year he was, on the invitation of the people, 
ordained to the pastoral charge of the united parishes of Mains and 
Strathmartin, in the county of Forfar. Declining several offers of 
preferment, he accepted in 1858 the office of minister of the 
Cathedral Church, Glasgow. Here his services were as acceptable 
as they were faithful and laborious. But his health proved un- 


equal to his exertions. After an illness of some duration, he died 
at St. Andrews on the 9th January, 1865. For some years preced- 
ing his death he held office as Vice-Chancellor of the University 
of Glasgow. His discourses have been published posthumously, 
accompanied with a memoir. 

A tombstone commemorates the Rev. John Park, D.D., minister 
of the parish. This accomplished clergyman was born at Greenock 
about the year 1805. After ministering for eleven years as 'pastor 
of Rodney Street Presbyterian Church, Liverpool, he was in 1843 
translated to the parish of Glencairn, Dumfriesshire. To the first 
charge of St. Andrews he was preferred in 1854. He died sud- 
denly on the 8th April, 1865. An elegant and powerful preacher, 
Dr. Park was also distinguished for his powers as a musician. 
Several of his musical compositions have been pronounced equal 
to those of the great masters. The song, " Where Gadie rins," is 
from his pen. 

A suitable memorial stone marks the grave of John Cook, D.D., 
Professor of Ecclesiastical History in St. Mary's College. Son of 
John Cook, D.D., Professor of Divinity in the University of St. 
Andrews, he was born in 1807, and having obtained licence, was in 
1828 ordained minister of Laurencekirk. He was translated to St. 
Leonard's in 1845, and in 1860 was appointed to the chair of 
Church History. In 1859 he was elected Moderator of the General 
Assembly, and in 1863 was appointed a Dean of the Chapel Royal. 
He died 17th April, 1869, in his sixty-second year, and the fortieth 
of his ministry. Expert in the concerns of business, Dr. Cook 
held the convenership of many important committees of the General 

Within the chapel of St. Regulus rest the remains of Robert 
Chambers, LL.D., author and publisher. This gifted and amiable 
gentleman was born at Peebles on the 10th July, 1802. Thrown 
in early youth on his own resources, he commenced business at 
Edinburgh as a dealer in old books ; he afterwards joined his elder 
brother William as a bookseller and printer. When William 
started Chambers's Edinburgh Journal in 1832, he became the 


principal contributor, and the success of the two brothers was 
henceforth secure and constant. Dr. Chambers spent his latter 
years at St. Andrews, where he died on the 17th March, 1871. 
His principal works are "The Traditions of Edinburgh," "The 
Picture of Scotland," " Histories of the Kebellions," " Lives of 
Eminent Scotsmen," " Popular Khymes of Scotland," "Ancient Sea 
Margins of Scotland," " The Domestic Annals of Scotland," and 
" The Book of Days." 


In the parish churchyard is a mortuary enclosure belonging to 
the family of Anderson of Montrave. A mural tablet commemorates 
the late Major Alexander Anderson of Montrave, who died 24th 
June, 1855, aged sixty-one. For several years Major Anderson was 
engaged in active military service in India. Succeeding to his 
patrimonial estates in 1818, he returned home, and continued there- 
after to devote himself to his duties as a landowner. 

An obelisk 'of polished granite celebrates Alexander Boswell, 
proprietor of the Hawkslaw Works, Leven. This enterprising indi- 
vidual (a cadet of the old house of Boswell of Blackader) was born 
at Leven in 1805. In early life he became a clerk in the Kirkland 
Works ; he subsequently was appointed manager of the spinning 
establishment at Prinlaws, and latterly he opened the Hawkslaw 
Works on his own account. He died 18th January, 1867, aged 

A mural monument commemorates Colonel Thomas Gibson, of 
the 83rd Eegiment, who died in 1838, aged eighty-four. He was 
youngest son of the second last proprietor of Durie of his name. 
The founder of this branch of the family of Gibson was Sir 
Alexander Gibson, President of the Court of Session, author of 
the " Decisions " known as Durie 's Practices. 

Tombstones commemorate Henry Balfour, of Levenbank, son of 


a manufacturer in Dundee, and father of the senior partner of the 
firm of Balfour, Williamson, and Co., Liverpool, who died 6th July, 
1854; Thomas F. Ballingal, architect, who died 13th November, 
1866, aged forty-five ; and Eobert Nairn, farmer, Burnhill, who 
died in 1858, aged sixty-three. 

The following ministers of the parish are by admiring friends 
and grateful parishioners appropriately commemorated : The Eev. 
David Swan, D.D, ordained 10th May, 1764; died 22nd October, 
1812, aged seventy-seven. The Eev. George Brewster, D.D. (brother 
of Sir David Brewster), ordained 26th August, 1812 ; died 20th 
June, 1855, aged seventy-two ; and the Eev. James Blackwood, 
bora 19th August, 1830 ; ordained 1860 ; died 16th May, 1866. 


From tombstones in the parish churchyard, we have the follow- 
ing metrical inscriptions : 

" Passenger, be to Thyself so kind 
As on this stone to cast thine eyes and mind, 
And think on death while life is lent to you, 
For Thou art commanded so to do." 

" The precious soul possesseth heaven above, 
Which was the hope and wishes of its love ; 
Now free from storms of sinful time, 
In heavenly mansions thou doth shine." 

" Death from his stroke none are exeemed ; 

This mournful tomb doth grace, 
The names of such who were esteemed 
Among the faithful race." 



The following quaint epitaphs are from the parish churchyard : 

" In this churchyard lies Eppie Coutts, 
Either here or hereabouts ; 
But whaur it is nane can tell 
Till Eppie rise and tell hersel.'" 

" At anchor now, in death's dark road, 

Rides honest Captain Hill, 
Who served his king and feared his God, 
With upright heart and will. 

" In social life sincere and just, 

To vice of no kind given, 
So that his better part, we trust, 
Hath made the port of heaven." 

" Here lieth one below this stone 

Who loved to gather gear ; 
Yet all his life did want a wife 

Of him to take the care : 
He won his meat, both ear and late, 

Betwixt Cleish and Craigflour, 
And craved this stone might lie upon 
Him at his latter hour." 




In the old churchyard on the north bank of Lochleven, a tomb- 
stone with a suitable inscription commemorates James Rankine, 
younger, of Coldun, who died in 1722. There is a tradition that 
the mason who engraved the legend was in the habit of boasting 
of his skill, when a comrade pointing out that he had sculptured 
the word " Coldoch " for " Coldun," he was so overcome with shame 
that he forthwith committed self-slaughter. 

In the old churchyard Mary Craig Dalzel is celebrated thus : 

" Her's were the active mind, the grateful heart, 
And hand stretched out affliction to relieve ; 
'Twas her's to eat that truly Christian fruit 

Which feels more blese'd to give than to receive." 


Of this parish the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine was many years in- 
cumbent, before his translation to Stirling (see supra, p. 40). In 
the churchyard a flat tombstone commemorates his first wife, Mrs. 
Alison Turpie, and several of their children. The inscription is 
as follows : 

" Here lyes the valuabell dust of Alison Turpie, spouse to Mr. 
Ebenezer Ereskin, minister of the gospel in Portmoak, who de- 
parted to glory, after she had born ten children, four of which lye 
here interred with her. She died August the 31, 1720, aged 39 


years. Henrie Ereskin, born August the 6, 1705 ; depairted June, 
1713. Alexander, born July the 20, 1708 ; depairted June the 20, 
1713. Kalph, born Januarie the 17, 1712; died April, 1713; 
Isabel, born July the 21, 1716 ; died Decem. 7, 1770. 

" The law brought forth her precepts ten, 

And then dissolved in grace ; 
This saint ten children bore, and then 
In glory took her place. 

" Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust, for the dew is as the 
dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out her dead." 

In the churchyard a handsome monument, reared in 1812, cele- 
brates Michael Bruce, the ingenious and short-lived poet. It is 
thus inscribed : 

" To the memory of Michael Bruce, who was born at Kinnesswood 
in 1746, and died while a student, in the 21st year of his age. 
Meek and gentle in spirit, sincere and unpretending in his Christian 
deportment, refined in intellect and elevated in character, he was 
greatly beloved by his friends, and won the esteem of all ; while 
his genius, whose fire neither poverty nor sickness could quench, 
produced those odes, unrivalled in simplicity and pathos, which 
have shed an undying lustre on his name. 


? Early, bright, transient, chaste as morning dew, 
He sparkled and exhaled, and went to heaven." 

Bruce was born on the 27th March, 1746. Though in humble 
circumstances, his parents determined to educate him for the 
ministry. During four years he prosecuted his classical studies at 
the University of Edinburgh. He subsequently entered on the 
study of theology, and employed himself in tuition as a means of 
support. Under incessant mental toil, a constitution naturally 
feeble began to decline. He died of. a lingering consumption, 6th 
July, 1767, aged twenty-one. At college he had as his companion 
Mr. John Logan, a person of considerable genius, and who after- 
wards becoming minister of Leith, acquired reputation as a 
preacher. Subsequent to Bruce's death Logan visited his parents, 
and offered to publish their son's poems for their pecuniary benefit. 
He was accordingly intrusted with the whole of the MSS., including 


an unpublished book of hymns, which the parents designated their 
son's " Gospel Sonnets." Of the latter, several were familiar to the 
neighbours, who had derived their knowledge of the compositions 
from the deceased poet himself. After a considerable delay, Logan 
published a small volume, entitled " Poems on Several Occasions, 
by Michael Bruce," accompanied by a laudatory preface comme- 
morative of the writer. The scantiness of the compositions, and the 
absence of the " Gospel Sonnets," disquieted the parents. Asked 
by the father of the deceased poet to return the MS. book of hymns, 
Logan stated that it was lost. Logan was afterwards associated 
with other clerical brethren in preparing a collection of Scripture 
Paraphrases for the use of the Scottish Church. He became the most 
conspicuous member of the committee by contributing a number 
of compositions, which were readiJy included in the collection. 
But Michael Bruce's father recognised them as his son's " Gospel 
Sonnets " and such, with a few verbal alterations, they undoubt- 
edly were. The best esteemed of Bruce's lyrical compositions is 
his " Ode to the Cuckoo." 




Within the old parish church a monument of black marble, with 
a statue in full armour, formerly commemorated Sir William 
Olifaunt, or Oliphant, Lord of Aberdalgie, a valorous adherent of 
King Robert the Bruce. The monument was thus inscribed : 

" Hie jacet dominus Willielmus Oliphaut, dominus de Aberdalgy, 
qui obiit quiiito die mensis Februarii, anno 1329."* 

Sir William Oliphant was one of the magnates Scotice, who sub- 
scribed the famous letter to the Pope in 1320, asserting the inde- 
pendence of the kingdom. From King Robert he received grants 
of land in the counties of Edinburgh and Perth. His son, Sir 
Walter Oliphant, his successor in the lordship of Aberdalgie, re- 
ceived in marriage Elizabeth, a younger daughter of King Robert. 
The representative of the House was by James II. constituted a 
Lord of Parliament. In 1839 James Blair Oliphant, of Gask and 
Ardblair, served himself heir male of Francis, tenth Lord Oliphant, 
and of William Oliphant, of Newton, the younger brother of 
Laurence, third Lord Oliphant. Mr. Blair Oliphant is now repre- 
sented by his nephew, Thomas Laurence Kington Oliphant, of 
Gask, who has succeeded to the family estates as heir of line. 
The gravestone of Sir William Oliphant rests in the churchyard ; 
the three crescents, the arms of his House, are traceable on it. 

* Douglas's Peerage, p. />26. 



At the east end of the church a gravestone is thus inscribed : 
" Robertus Kirk, A.M. Linguae Hiberniae lumen." 

The Rev. Robert Kirk was seventh son of Mr. James Kirk, 
minister of Aberfoyle. Having studied at the Universities of 
Edinburgh and St. Andrews, he was, in 1664, ordained minister 
of Balquhidder. From this parish, in 1685, he was translated to 
Aberfoyle. An eminent Celtic scholar, he prepared a Gaelic 
version of the Psalms, and superintended the republication of the 
Irish Bible, adding a brief Gaelic vocabulary. He also produced a 
remarkable work on " Fairy Superstition and the Second Sight," 
which was reprinted at Edinburgh in 1815. He died 14th May, 
1692, aged about fifty-one, and in the twenty-eighth year of his 


A handsome mausoleum in Aberuthven churchyard consti- 
tutes the burial-place of the ducal house of Montrose. Within 
the vault are deposited the remains of James, second Marquis of 
Montrose, son of " the great Marquis," and styled the Good, on 
account of his amiable qualities ; he died in 1669. The vault also 
contains the remains of James, third Duke of Montrose, who died 
30th December, 1836. This nobleman was Lord Justice-General 
of Scotland, Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire, and Chancellor of the 
University of Glasgow. 

In Aberuthven churchyard Robert Carrick, of Kilders, who 
died in 1775, is celebrated in these lines : 

" In him 

Beauty, merit, noble virtue shined, 
Of manners, gentle, easy, gen'rous, kind ; 
Upright, a friend to truth, of soul sincere, 


In action faithful, and in honour clear ; 

True to his word, his goodness unconfmed, 

Warm in his friendships, friend to human kind : 

His feeling heart with welling pity glowed, 

His willing hand as liberally bestowed ; 

And his short life did a true pattern give 

How husbands, parents, neighbours, friends, should live, 

Honoured by all, approved and loved so well, 

Though dying young, like fruit that's ripe he fell. 

To him so mourned in death, so loved in life, 

The grieving parent and the weeping wife 

With tears inscribes this monument of stone 

That holds his ashes and awaits her own." 

From tombstones erected by parents in memory of their children 
at Aberuthven we have the following inscriptions : 

" Weep not for me, be now content ; 
I was not yours, but only lent ; 
Dry up your tears, and weep no more, 
I am not lost, but gone before." 

" To this sad shrine, whoe'er thou art, draw near, 
And mingle with maternal woe a tear, 
For her whose worth, whose charms effulgent shone, 
Equalled by few, nor e'er eclipsed by one. 
Her quickness darted with superior ray, 
Uncommon wisdom for her short-lived day ; 
Though few in years, too few, alas ! she told, . 
She seemed in all things but in beauty old. 
Ah, cruel death ! who early thus unstrung 
The strength of one so lovely and so young. 
These charms are faded, and their worth is flown, 
Love, beauty, goodness, mourn your darling gone." 


In the parish churchyard is an old burial-place of Clan Alpiii 
where are four tiers of graves parallel to each other, three of which 
had been included within the chancel of the church in its original 
form ; the tiers are denoted by a number of oblong blocks of grave- 


stones, for the most part without inscription or emblem. In the 
third range from the church, the centre stone of the tier denotes 
the resting-place of the celebrated Rob Roy Macgregor. It is six 
feet in length by fourteen inches in breadth and depth, and has its 
surface adorned with antique and interesting emblems. In the 
centre are represented a man and a broadsword ; on the upper part 
are a number of dogs, and in the lower portion several crosses of 
a peculiar form. It seems of older origin than Roy's period, and 
had probably served another purpose before it was placed upon his 
grave. Adjoining this stone, on the north, an altar tombstone 
commemorates Rob Roy's eldest son, who died a year before his 
father. It bears the shield of the clan, with the following inscrip- 
tions, one on its upper and the other in its lower division. This 
stone is erected by Lieutenant Gregorson, 1770. " Here lies the 
corpse of Colonel Macgregor, who died in the. year 1735, aged 31 

Rob Roy Macgregor, called Roy, or red, from the colour of his 
hair, was second son of Donald Macgregor of Glengyle, a colonel in 
the king's service, and his wife, a daughter of Campbell of Glen- 
falloch ; he was born about the year 1670, at Inverlochlarig, in 
Balquhidder. For a period he lived at Craig Royston, near the 
eastern border of Loch Lomond, on an estate presented to him by 
a relative, adding to his finances by receiving imposts from the 
neighbour-ing gentry for protecting their herds from Highland 
banditti. Attempting business as a cattle dealer, he involved him- 
self in embarrassments, and. the Duke of Montrose, who was a 
principal creditor, pursued him with all the stern appliances of the 
law. He proceeded to Glen Dochart, where he obtained the protec- 
tion of the Duke of Argyll and the Earl of Breadalbane, hereditary 
enemies of the Grahams. Incited by his wife, a daughter of Mac- 
gregor of Conan, he seized the cattle and even the rents of the 
Duke of Montrose, and penetrating into the Lowlands, plundered 
the herds of all who refused by subsidy to secure his friendship. 
This lawless violence awakened the attention of the authorities, and 
a reward of 1,000 was offered for his apprehension. Though 


often in the greatest danger, he escaped capture, and died in 
his own house about the year 1736, at a somewhat advanced age. 
He was benevolent to his followers, by whom he was sincerely 

Near the south-west corner of Balquhidder church a flat grave- 
stone commemorates Isabel Campbell, daughter of Sir Colin 
Campbell, of Mochester, and first wife of the Rev. Eobert Kirk, 
minister of this parish, and afterwards of Aberfoyle. There is the 
following inscription : 

, " Isabel Campbell, 
Spouse to Eobert Kirk, minister, 
Died Dec! 25, 1680. 
She had two sons, 
Colin and William. 
Her age 25. 

Stones weep though eyes are dry 
Choicest flowers soonest die ; 
Their sun oft sets at noon 
Whose fruit is ripe in June. 

Then tears of joy be thine, 
Since earth must soon resign 
To God what is divine. 

Nasci est aegrotare 

Vivere est saepe mori, 

Et mori est vivere. 
Love and live." 


In the churchyard are interred and suitably commemorated 
Archibald and Sir William Moncreiff, Bart., successively ministers 
of Blackford. The former died in August, 1649 ; the latter, 9th 
December, 1767. In 1744 William Moncreiff succeeded to the 
family baronetcy on the death of Sir Hugh Moncreiff of Tipper- 
mallo. He was great -great -grandson of Archibald Moncreiff, 


minister of Abernethy, second son of William Moucreiff of that 
Ilk, who died in 1634, and whose elder brother John was on the 
22nd April, 1626, created a baronet of Nova Scotia. The eldest 
son of Sir William Moncreiff, was Sir Heniy Moncreiff Wellwood, 
Bart., successively minister of Blackford and of St. Cuthbert's, 
Edinburgh, who died 9th August, 1827. The eldest son of this 
gentleman became a Lord of Session ; also his grandson (Vol. I . 

In the secluded churchyard of Gleneagles, is the old burial-place 
of the family of Haldane ; it now belongs to the Earl of Camper- 
down. Within the old chapel of Tullibardine, the Dukes of Athole 
formerly interred ; the chapel is now the burial-place of Viscount 


Within the old parish church in the vault of the ducal house of 
Athole were deposited the remains of John Graham of Claverhouse, 
Viscount Dundee, who fell at the battle of Killicrankie, 27th July, 
1689. An erect stone on the field of battle marks the spot where he 
received his death-wound. Eldest son of Sir William Graham of 
Claverhouse, and his wife Lady Jean Carnegie, fourth daughter of 
John, first Earl of Northesk, he was educated at the University of 
St. Andrews. In 1672 he became a Cornet in the Guards of the 
Prince of Orange. Returning to Scotland in 1677, he received 
from Charles II. the command of a regiment of horse raised 
against the Covenanters. In May 1679, he captured several 
Covenanters who were proceeding to Loudonhill, Ayrshire, to cele- 
brate the Holy Communion. In a few days afterwards he was 
encountered by the congregation of the Covenant at Drumclog, where 
he and his dragoons were signally defeated. In June was fought 
the battle of Bothwell Bridge, so disastrous to the Covenanters. 
On this occasion Graham commanded the cavalry under the Duke 
of Monmouth : after the Victorv he evinced that cruelty towards 


the vanquished which led to his being thereafter known as " the 
bloody Clavers.' In 1682, he was appointed Sheriff of Wigtown, in 
which office he proved himself so expert in suppressing freedom of 
worship, that he was constituted Captain of the Eoyal Regiment 
of horse, and sworn of the Privy Council. By James II. he was 
in 1688 created Viscount Dundee, and raised to the military rank 
of Major-General. He was in London when the king's affairs 
became desperate, and made offer to raise an army to resist the 
approach of the Prince of Orange. James felt that it was too late, 
and Graham, with a troop of sixty horse, returned to Scotland. 
In the following year he raised an army in support of the exiled 
monarch. General Mackay was sent to resist him, and the two 
armies met at the Pass of Killicrankie on the 17th June, 1689. 
After a severe conflict Mackay was defeated with serious loss ; but 
wounded by a musket ball Graham fell in the moment of victory. 
He expired the following day. 

Beside the remains of Viscount Dundee rest those of George, 
sixth Duke of Athole, who died 16th January, 1864, aged 50. He 
is commemorated by a mural monument in the aisle of the old 
church. The monument, which is executed by Mr. John Steell, is 
nine feet in height and five feet in breadth ; it has as a principal 
figure the trunk of a stricken oak ; and at the point where it is 
broken through, a branch of ivy which entwined it droops towards 
the ground. On one side of the tree a vigorous offshoot remains 
in full blossom, and upon it hangs the plaid, or mantle of the 
deceased. At the other side of the tree is a figure of one of the 
Duke's retainers a stalwart volunteer, leaning on the top of his 
reversed rifle, lamenting his chief. 


At Little Leny, the burial-place of the Buchanans of Leny and 
Cambusmore, a gravestone denotes the resting-place of Dugald 

Buchanan, the eminent Gaelic poet. This remarkable person was 
son of a farmer at Balquhidder, and was there born in 1716. At 
first he engaged in trade, but subsequently he became schoolmaster 
and catechist at Kinloch-Rannoch ; he aided in translating the 
Nc\v Testament into the Gaelic language. Buchanan died on the 
2nd June, 1768. His "Hymns" have been frequently printed. 
As a writer of Gaelic poetry he holds a foremost place. 


In the parish churchyard an altar tombstone commemorates 
John Mather, a native of Brechin, who while conveying contra- 
band liquor from thence to Perth was in a scuffle shot by a 
party of soldiers. This took place at Collace in 1740. Two of the 
soldiers were tried for murder, found guilty, and sentenced to be 
hanged. They obtained a royal pardon, much to the dissatisfaction 
ol the citizens of -Edinburgh, who had resolved to wreak vengeance 
upon them in the manner in which the mob had previously dealt 
with Captain Porteous. The soldiers were liberated at midnight. 
Mather's tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Stay passenger, as you go ; 
Think on him who now lys lo. 
As you now walk, so once did I, 
Kemeniber, friend, all men must die ; 
And then God's awful throne attend. 
O speedily your life amend, 
Now whilst you health and strength enjoy, 
Your time if wise you'll weel employ." 


On Dunmore Hill a handsome obelisk, seventy-two feet in 
height was, as an inscription bears, reared by his friends in Perth- 
shire in honour of Henry Pundas, first Viscount Melville (Vol. I., 


9, 14, 172). The obelisk is composed of granite, and was reared it 
the cost of 1400. 


The parish churchyard includes the site of the abbey, founded 
by Malcolm IV. in 1164. An arched doorway flanked with but- 
tresses, is the only remaining portion of the structure. 

A monumental slab, preserved in the parish manse, is thus 
inscribed : 

" Hie . iaet . dns . Archibald' . M'Vi . olim prpos . de . 

The person commemorated is supposed to be Archibald Macvicar 
Provost of the Collegiate Church of Kilmun, Argyleshire, from 
1529 to 1548. 

There was formerly in the churchyard a monumental fragment 

" WiUhelmvs . de . Montefixio. . . . . ." 

This had doubtless commemorated a member of the old Norman 
House of Montfichet, or Muschet. Richard de Montfichet received 
a charter of the lands of Cargill and Kincardine from William the 
Lion. The Muschets were benefactors of the abbey of Cupar. 
About the middle of the fourteenth century one of the three co- 
heiresses of the house married Sir John Drummond, a progenitor 
of the Earls of Perth. With other children, Sir John and Lady 
Drummond had a daughter Annabella, who became queen of Robert 
III. and mother of James I. 

On another monumental fragment were the words Gilbertvs 
de Hay. The family of Hay of Errol, large benefactors to the 
abbey, are interred within its precincts. Here were interred in 
1333 Gilbert Hay, who died at Aberdeen ; and in 1466 Gilbert 
Hay, son and heir of William de Hay of Errol. Most probably 
the latter was celebrated on the fragment. The Earls of Errol 


were interred in Coupar- Angus Abbey at a period subsequent to the 
Reformation. Andrew, seventh Earl of Errol, who died on the 
8th October, 1585, was here buried.* 

In the vestibule of the church, on a marble tablet, Dr. Robert 
Robertson, Physician to the Royal Hospital, Greenwich, thus 
commemorates his mother and sister : 

"In memoriam parentis amantissimae et percarae quae A.D. 1771, 
obiit 68 annos nata, filius Rob 14 " Robertson, M.D., F.RS., F.A.S.L, 
Nosocomij Reg. Grenovic Medicus ; Itemque, in memoriam ANN^E 
sororis suae, hoc marmor ponendum curavit." 

Dr. Robertson was a surgeon in the Royal Navy, and was 
appointed physician to Greenwich Hospital in 1790. Among 
other professional works, he was author of " Voyages to the Coast 
of Africa and the "West Indies " (Lond., 1779, 4to.) and "Diseases 
incident to Seamen " (1807, 4 vols., 8vo.). He died 30th September, 

A mural monument, erected by the parishioners, celebrates the 
Rev. John Halkett, minister of the parish, who died 21st April, 
1828, in the fifty-first year of his age and twenty-first of his 
ministry. Samuel Halkett, late Keeper of the Advocates Library, 
Edinburgh, was a nephew of this gentleman (Vol. I., 123). 

In the churchyard a monument to the memory of Thomas Bell, 
comedian, is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of Mr. THOMAS BELL, Comedian, late of 
the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, a respectable performer, an agree- 
able companion, and an honest man. While on the stage of life 
he encountered some of the rudest shocks of adversity, and felt the 
chill gripe of penury in many a checkered scene; but, possessed of 
a happy equanimity of temper, a social disposition, and a well- 
informed mind, the arrows of misfortune fell powerless. On the 
31st of August, 1815, the curtain of fate dropt on the drama of 
his existence, and he retired from the theatre of this world, to the 
sorrow and regret of all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. 
Erected by the Dundee Eccentric X Society, in testimony of their 
esteem and respect for Mr. BELL, an honorary member." 

" Coppy of the Tabill quhilk ves at Covper of al the Erl<-s of Enroll, quhilk ver 
burydin the abbey kirk their." ifiwllmny of th Spalding Clnf>, vol. ii., p. 347. 



In the parish church a marble bust celebrates James Drummond, 
fifth Laird of Milnab, a cadet of the noble House of Perth. He 
was forty years steward-depute of Strathearn. His monument is 
thus inscribed : 

" Juridici, millo ssecli data crimine pessum, 
Obruta quin senio, busta verenda vicles. 
Hunc juvenem amplexse illtisae charitesque, senectse 
Sed fuerat gra vitas consiliumque decus. 
Quantus adest heros ! Viridi ipse paves co juventa, 
Ut cirieres tanti ceperat urna viri ! 

" Obiit anno M.DC.LXIV. Kal. Decembris xvii. aetatis suae. 


In the parish churchyard a tombstone marks the grave of John 
Welwood, an eminent preacher of the Covenanters. Second son 
of Mr. James Welwood, minister of Tundergarth, Dumfriesshire, 
he was born about the year 1649. With the usual course of study 
he obtained licence as a probationer. Not seeking any settled 
charge, he held an itinerant ministry in the southern and midland 
counties. Several predictions are associated with his name ; among 
others, one foretelling that Archbishop Sharp would suffer a violent 
death. His discourses were pervaded with a rich devotional fervour. 
He died of consumption, at Perth, in 1679, and was by a party of 
his followers secretly interred in Dron churchyard. His father 
was deprived in 1662. He is believed to be represented by the 
families of Welwood, and the Maxwells of the Grove, Munches, 
and Glenlee. 



Dunblane Cathedral was one of the religious houses reared by 
David I. ; it was founded in 1140, and remained entire till the 
Reformation. Since that period the choir has been used as the 
parish church. A portion of the nave forms the burial-ground of 
Stirling of Keir, an ancient house, now represented by Sir William 
Stirling Maxwell, Bart, of Keir and Pollok. 

Under one of the windows of the nave is a recumbent figure of 
Michael Ochiltree, bishop of the see in the middle of the fifteenth 
century, who, according to Spotswood, richly adorned the church 
fabric. In the vestry of the choir a flat block of gritstone pre- 
sents full-sized figures of Malise, eighth Earl of Strathearn, and his 
countess ; it was discovered in the choir surmounting a leaden 
coffin, inscribed with the date 1271. In an arch under a window 
of the choir a recumbent figure represents Finlay Dermock, bishop 
of the see in the beginning of the fifteenth century, who built the 
first bridge across the Allan at Dunblane. 

Three blue marble slabs, now used as pavement, two being 
situated at the entrance and the other in the vestibule of the choir, 
lay together in the centre of the choir prior to 1817, when the 
church underwent repair. These slabs protected the remains of 
three daughters of John, first Lord Drummond Margaret, 
Euphemia, and Sybella, who were there interred. The history of 
the eldest daughter, with the tragical fate of the other two, forms 
an historical episode. All the three, of whom the second, 
Euphemia, was married to the Lord Fleming, died in Drummond 
Castle, their father's house, some time in 1502, from the effects of 
poison. The eldest, Margaret, on whose account the two other 
sisters experienced an untimely end, was an early favourite of 
James IV., who had formed her acquaintance when she acted as 
one of the maidens of his deceased mother. On the demise of his 
father and his own elevation to the throne James secretly espoused 
the fair object of his early attachment, and undertook that the 
nuptials should be publicly celebrated, on obtaining a dispensation 


from the Pope, on account of their relationship being within tin 
prohibited degrees. A daughter was born in 1495 of the private 
marriage, who was educated in the castles of Stirling and Edin- 
burgh with the care pertaining to her rank as a legitimate princess. 
The father of Margaret Drummond was of an ancient and dis- 
tinguished race ; he was president of the Secret Council ; and his 
family, through the Queen Annabella Drummond, was already 
connected with the throne, so that the full completion of the 
nuptials would not have been degrading to the monarch. 

But the majority of the nobility determined that the young king 
should wed a daughter of England, and as the monarch persisted 
in his fidelity to his betrothed bride, it was resolved that she and 
her sisters should perish. Through the treachery of an attendant 
who administered poison in their morning meal, the three ladies 
were cut off. The king, who suspected the plot, was for a period 
inconsolable; he pensioned two priests to celebrate mass for the 
soul of his deceased spouse, and, removing their little daughter 
Margaret from Drummond Castle, tended her as his lawful child, 
and afterwards gave her in marriage to John, Lord Gordon, the 
eldest son of the Earl of Huntly. In 1503 he married Margaret 
Tudor, daughter of Henry VII., a connection which a century after- 
wards led to the union of the kingdoms. The remains of the 
unfortunate sisters were deposited in Dunblane Cathedral by per- 
mission of their uncle, Dean Sir William Drummond. 

In the vestibule of the choir a mural monument is thus in- 
scribed : 

" This stone, sacred to the memory of James Finlayson, one of 
the Ministers and Professors of Logic in the University of Edin- 
burgh, is erected by his friends as a memorial of their admiration 
and attachment. He was born at Nether Cambuskenie 15th Feb- 
ruary, 1758, and died at Edinburgh, 28th Jan., 1808." 

Dr. Einlayson is commemorated at Edinburgh (Vol. I., 54). Son 
of a small farmer, he was enabled to procure a university education 
by acting as a private tutor. Licensed to preach in 1785, he was, 
in the following year appointed Professor of Logic in the University 


of Edinburgh, and was soon after admitted to the church living of 
Borthwick, which he held in conjunction with his chair. In 1790 
he was translated to Lady Tester's, Edinburgh ; he subsequently 
became colleague of Dr. Blair in the High Church. In 1802 he 
was chosen Moderator of the General Assembly. He died sud- 
denly in his fiftieth year. Dr. Finlayson was a leader in the 
General Assembly ; a volume of his discourses was published 

A monument commemorates John Stirling, of Kippendavie, who 
died at Kippenross 17th June, 1816, aged seventy-five, and Patrick 
Stirling, his eldest son, who died at Hastings 30th March, 1816, 
aged thirty-three. 

In the churchyard a tombstone, reared by the congregation, 
celebrates the piety and ministerial fidelity of the Eev. Robert 
Stirling, minister of the parish, who died 17th October, 1817, in 
the fifty-second year of his age and twenty-seventh of his ministry. 

From tombstones in the parish churchyard we have the follow- 
ing metrical inscriptions : 

" The wise, the just, the pious, and the brave 
Live in their deaths and flourish from the grave. 
Grain hid in earth repays the peasant's care, 
And evening suns but set to rise more fair." 

" be not proud, for soon you'll be 
A heap of dust as well as me ; 
Make Christ your stay and God adore, 
And you shall live for evermore." 

" Nature feels when grief assails, 
Nature falls when death prevails ; 
Religion lifts our thoughts on high, 
The Saviour teaches how to die. 
Friends must part, may mourn, may weep, 
But nature's onward course must sweep. 
We live to die, but die to live, 
And hopes to meet in heaven above." 

In the old churchyard of Kilbride a modern erection constitutes 
the new family burial place of Sir James Campbell, Bart, of Aber- 
ruchill and Kilbride (Vol. I., 118). 



The area of the ancient cathedral forms the parochial burying- 
ground. In the vestibule of its choir is the monument of Alex- 
ander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, third son of Robert II., better 
known as the Wolf of Badenoch. His figure is exhibited in a 
recumbent position, clad in armour, with a lion at his feet. Round 
the margin is the following inscription : 

" Hie jacet Alexander Senescalus, films Roberti Regis Scotorum 
et Elizabeth More, Dominus de Buchan et Dns. de Badenoch, gui 
obit viyessimo quarto die Julii." 

The words in italics are cut in a different kind of stone, and are 
comparatively modern ; the restorer had mistaken the date, since 
Alexander Stewart died on the 20th February, 1394. He received 
his sobriquet of "the Wolf" from the lawless acts with which his 
.name is associated. For some predatory outrage he was excom- 
municated by the Bishop of Moray ; he proceeded to retaliate by 
ravaging the bishop's diocese, and burning the town of Elgin with 
its hospital and magnificent cathedral. To atone for his sacrilege 
he was ordained by the Church, and compelled by his royal father 
to appear barefoot and in sackcloth at the door of the Blackfriars' 
monastery at Perth, and afterwards at its high altar, and there to 
make promise of restitution. Having died free of ecclesiastical 
censure, his remains were honourably deposited in the cathedral 
church, to which he had proved a benefactor. The monument 
originally stood in the choir ; it was removed to the vestibule at 
the Reformation. 

In the south aisle of the cathedral is the monument of Bishop 
Cardney, lying in the recess of the wall under a crotcheted canopy. 
The bishop is represented in his pontifical robes, wearing a mitre. 
That portion of the inscription which remains legible is as fol- 
lows : 

"Hie jacet Dns. Robertus de Cardony Eppis Dunkeldenni qui 
ad incarnationem Dne M.CCCC.XX. " 

Shortly before his death Bishop (,'ardney built and dedicate*! n 
chapel to St. Ninian. There his monument was originally place. I, 
but it was removed to the cathedral subsequent to 1464. 

A decapitated statue of Bishop Sinclair stands in the eastern 
aisle. He held office from 1312 till his death, 27th June, 133? 
On account of his valour and patriotism he was styled by King 
Robert the Bruce " his own bishop," but it is painful to reflect that 
on the king's death he forsook allegiance to his dynasty. In 1332 
he assisted at the coronation of Edward Baliol, and in the following 
year subscribed the instrument by which the Scottish Parlia- 
ment, held at Edinburgh, surrendered to the English monarch the 
national independence. He built the choir of the cathedral, and 
there raised for himself a marble monument, with his statue in 
alabaster. The monument was probably removed at the Refor- 

The Ducal House of Athole inter in the vault of the chapter- 
house. Over the vault a monument commemorates John, Marquis 
of Athole, who died 7th May, 1703. It is thus inscribed : 

" Hie subter in hypogaeo, in spem beatae resurrectionis, conduntur 
cineres illustris herois, Joannis, marchionis Atholiae, comitis Tull- 
bardini, vicecomitis de Balquhider, D. Murray, Balvenie et Gask, 
Domini regalitatis Atholise balivi, hereditarii dominii de Dunkeld, 
senescalli hereditarii de Fife et Huutingtour, Stuartorum Atholiae, 
et Muraviorum Tillibardini comitum haeredis ; qui, utroque parente, 
Joanne Atholio et Joanna filia D. de Glenurchy-, nonduin decennis, 
orbatus, a rege Carolo II. reduce, ob gnaviter, adversus rebelles, dum 
adhuc juvenis XVIII. circiter annorum, navatam operam, sum- 
mamque exinde in bello et pace constantiam et fidem, multis 
muneribus accumulatus est : quippe erat justiciaries generalis 
supremae curiae in civilibus, extra ordinem senator, cohortis praetoriae 
equestris praefectis, parliamenti interdum praeses, sigilli privati cus- 
tos, ab aerario, saccario et a conciliis, vicecomes Perthensis, locum 
tenens comitatus Argatheliae et Tarbat, et denique, a rege Jacobo 
VII. uobilissimi ordinis Andreani eques factus est. Obiit 7 die 
Maii, 1703." 

John, Earl and afterwards Marquis of Athole, raised, in 1653, for 
the service of Charles II., two thousand men, an act which on the 
Restoration was acknowledged by his being sworn of the Privy 


Council and constituted master of the king's household. His 
other rewards are recorded in his epitaph. 

In the chapterhouse a marble statue celebrates John, fourth 
Duke of Athole, who died 29th September, 1830. He was the last 
representative of 'this ducal House who held sovereign authority 
in the Isle of Man ; he disposed of his privileges to the British 
Crown for the sum of 409,000. The monument, which was 
erected by his duchess, represents the Duke in his parliamentary 

George, sixth Duke of Athole, Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 
who died 16th January, 1864 (see supra, p. 151), is commemorated by 
a memorial fountain in the centre of the market-place. On a square 
basement, having on each side a stone basin, rest four massive 
columns of Peterhead granite, with an appropriate vase occupying 
the centre. In the tympanum of the main arches are introduced 
the ducal coronet and crest of the Athole family. The upper 
portion of the fabric is of octagonal shape, the lower -part being 
formed into an arcade, with polished Peterhead columns at the 
angles. The structure, which is forty feet in height, terminates 
in a floriated cross. 

In the choir, a monument commemorates Lieutenant-Colonel 
William Cleland, of the Cameronian Eegiment. Upon it are in- 
scribed these lines : 

" Grace, learning, valour, centered in one, 
Adorned that dust lies here below this stone ; 
Because on earth his equals were but few 
His soul took wing, and early heavenward flew ; 
That he might shun earth's follies, stains, and care, 
And with his mates sing hallelujahs there." 

Colonel Cleland was born about the year 1661 ; he supported 
the Covenanters at Drumclog, and held at Bothwell Bridge the 
rank of captain. For a period he found refuge in Holland; he 
returned to Scotland in 1685. After the Revolution he was 
appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in the Cameronian Eegiment, under 
the command of the Earl of Angus. On the 21st August, 1689, he 

VOL. n. M 


fell at the head of his corps, while defending the churchyard of 
Dunkeld against a body of Highlanders, the remains of the army 
of Lord Dundee, who a month before had triumphed at Killi- 
crankie. A writer of humorous poetry, Cleland's compositions 
were published in 1697, in one volume duodecimo. His son Wil- 
liam Cleland composed the Prefatory Letters to the " Dunciad ;" he 
was the original of " Will Honeycomb," in the Spectator. He died 
in 1741. His son John Cleland, who died in 1789, was author of 
several novels, which enjoyed a temporary popularity. 

In the vestibule of the choir a marble cenotaph commemorates 
Sir Robert Dick, of Tullymett, who fell at the head of his division 
at the battle of Sobraon, in India, 10th February, 1846. 

Recently a magnificent monument has been reared in the cathe- 
dral by the officers and men of the 42nd Regiment in memory of 
departed members of that corps. Executed by Mr. Steell, the monu- 
ment displays as its chief feature a panel of white marble richly 
sculptured. An officer of the regiment is represented on the battle- 
field in quest of a missing comrade ; having found his friend's life- 
less body, he stands with uncovered head, paying silent homage to 
departed valour. On the left, beneath a shattered gun-carriage, 
lies the body of a young ensign, his hand still grasping the flag he 
had stoutly defended, and his face wearing a peaceful expression, 
as befitted a man who had died at his post. A slab underneath 
the sculpture bears the following inscription : 

" In memory of the officers, non-commissioned officers, and pri- 
vate soldiers of the 42nd Royal Highlanders the Black Watch 
who fell in war from the creation of the regiment to the close of the 
Indian Mutiny, 1859. The ten Independent Companies of the 
Freacadan Dubh, or Black Watch, were formed into a regiment on 
the 25th October, 1739, and the first muster took place in May, 
1740, in a field between Tay bridge and Aberfeldy. 

Here 'mong the hills that nursed each hardy Gael 
Our votive marble tells the soldier's tale ; 
Art's magic power each perished friend recalls, 
And heroes haunt these old cathedral walls. 

" Erected by the Officers of the Corps, 1872." 


On each side of the inscription are recorded the names of the 
fields in which the regiment gained honours. These are Fonte- 
noy, Flanders, Ticonderoga, Martinique, Guadaloupe, Havannah, 
Egypt, Corunna, Fuentes D'Ouor, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, 
Toulouse, the Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Sebastopol, and Lucknow. 

In the vestibule an elegant marble monument commemorates 
the ministerial zeal of the Eev. John Robb, minister of the parish, 
who in his fortieth year and the third of his ministry was drowned 
on board the Forfarshire steamer, when she was lost on Big 
Harker Rock, Fern Islands, 7th September, 1838. 


In the parish churchyard a small monument is sculptured with 
various emblems ; it contains on a scroll the Creed in Latin, and a 
translation in the same language of Rev. ii. 10. 

In the churchyard wall, sculptured in white sandstone, is the 
figure of a warrior in chain armour, in the attitude of devotion. 

Within a sarcophagus are entombed the remains of the Rev. 
William Bell, minister of the parish. After ministering in the 
parishes of Auchtertool and Dron, he was translated to Errol in 
1651 ; he died llth December, 1665, in his sixty-first year, and 
the thirtieth of his ministry. He bequeathed seven acres of land 
at Dron for maintaining a student of theology at St. Mary's Col- 
lege, St. Andrews. On his sarcophagus are engraved these lines : 

" Here ceast and silent lie sweet sounding Bell, 
Who unto sleeping souls rung many a knell ; 
Death crackt this Bell, yet doth his pleasant chiming 
Remain with those who are their lamps a-trimming. 
In spite of death, his word some praise still sounds 
In Christ's church, and in heaven his joy abounds." 



In the churchyard, on the south side of the church, a martyr's 
tombstone is inscribed thus : 

" Here lys Andrew Brodie, wright in Forgandenny, who at the 
break of a meeting, October, 1678, was shot by a party of Highland- 
men commanded by Ballechan at a cave's mouth flying thither for 
his life, and that for his adherence to the word of God and Scot- 
land's covenanted work of Reformation." 

According to Wodrow, a conventicle was held at the hill of 
Caltenachar, now called Culteuchar, one of the Ochils, when a com- 
pany of Highlanders came suddenly upon them, and at once dis- 
charged their firelocks among the unarmed worshippers. Andrew 
Brodie alone fell ; he left a widow and four children. 


In the centre of the parish hamlet stands an ancient Runic 
cross. On one side are figures of men on horseback, in pursuit of a 
wolf, which seems to be holding in its jaws a human head. On 
the same side six men, in grotesque costume, are following an 
animal supposed to be led to sacrifice. The figures on the opposite 
side are defaced, but it bears the marks of having had a chain 
attached to it, by which criminals were fastened as in a species of 


In a modern chapel, built for Episcopal service, upon the site of 
the old parish church, rest the remains of Carolina Oliphant, Baroness 
Nairne. This highly gifted and accomplished gentlewoman was 


born on the 16th July, 1766, in "the auld house" of Gask, which 
she has celebrated in one of her songs. By her father, Laurence 
Oliphant, of Gask, a famous Jacobite, she was named Carolina, in 
honour of Prince Charles Edward. On account of her personal 
beauty she was known in early life as " the Flower of Strathearn." 
In her fortieth year she married her maternal cousin, Major Nairne, 
who subsequently, on the reversal of the family attainder, became 
Lord Nairne. After the death of Robert Burns, a number of 
Scottish songs, not included in his works, but of equal merit with 
his own, floated into circulation. , These were generally attributed 
to the Ayrshire bard, and editors began to include them in new 
editions of his works. " I'm wearin' awa, John," the last word 
being altered to Jean, in supposed allusion to Jean Armour, was 
early claimed for the deceased poet. The real author remained 
silent to the last. Averse to any kind of publicity, she was alto- 
gether unwilling that it should ever become known that she had 
composed verses. Yet from her pen proceeded such composi- 
tions as " The Land o' the Leal," " Caller Herrin'," " The Laird o' 
Cockpen," " He's ower the hills that I loe weel," " The Lass o' 
Gowrie," " Whall be king but Charlie ? " " The Hundred Pipers," 
" Will ye no come back again ? " and many other popular lyrics. 
After a life attended with some severe trials, which she bore with 
Christian fortitude, Lady Nairne died at Gask on the 26th October, 
1845, aged seventy-nine. Her poetical compositions, accompanied 
by a memoir, have been collected and published by the author of 
this work.* In the little chapel which contains her dust, a small 
plate, inscribed with her name, denotes her resting-place. Within 
the chapel and near her grave was deposited in December, 1847, 
the body of James Oliphant, of Gask, the eighteenth in unbroken 
male descent from William Oliphant, upon whom Eobert the 
Bruce bestowed the family estates -f* 

* " Life and Songs of Baroness Nairne. " London. 12mo. 
t "Jacobite Lairds of Gask." By T. L. Kington Oliphant, Esq. Printed for the 
Grampian Club. 



A mural tablet in the tower of the parish church bears that it 
was erected by the heritors of the parish in honour of Francis, 
ninth Earl of Moray. His lordship died 12th January, 1848. 


In the parish churchyard, over the entrance of a burial-place at 
the east end of the site of the old church, a shield of arms, con- 
sisting of two chevrons, gules, on a field ermine, with a pigeon for 
crest, and the motto, " I thank my God," denotes the ancient 
resting-place of the Muschets of Kincarne, or Kincardine. Above 
the shield is the date 1686, and below it this inscription, " Sepul- 
tura antiquissimse Mushetorum families a Gulielmo de Montefixo 
qui hie floruit circa annum M.C.C.C. progenitse." 

The Muschets, originally called Montfichett and De Montefixo, 
were a distinguished Norman house, and were descended from the 
Earls of Montfort, who were Dukes of Bretagne. The Duchess of 
John de Montfort was daughter to the Earl of Flanders, and her 
daughter Anne was married first to Charles VIII. and afterwards 
to Louis XII., Kings of France. Having established a settlement 
in England at the Conquest, the representatives of the house 
latterly acquired lands in Roxburghshire. Branches of the family 
afterwards settled in Perthshire. Richard de Montfichet received 
from "William the Lion the lands of Cargill and Kincardine (see 
supra, p. 153). Richard Muschet, of Cargill, swore fealty to Edward I. 
Sir William de Montefixo was Justiciary of Scotland in 1332. 
He inhabited a castle in the immediate vicinity of Kincardine 
churchyard, the foundations of which were removed within a 
modern period. Dying without male issue, the eldest of his three 


daughters married Sir John Drummond, and brought the three 
estates of Cargill, Kincardine, and Stobhall into that family. 
Other branches of the House of Muschet owned the estates of 
Eurobank, Culgirth, Miln of Torr, Miln of Goodie, Cuthill, &c., all in 
the Vale of Menteith. In the orchard of Burnbank, near the spot 
where the mansion-house stood, is a tombstone thus inscribed : 

" Here lyes the corpes of Margaret Drummond, third daughter 
of the Laird [of Invermay] and [spouse to] Sir George Muschet of 
Burnbanke : her age 26. Departed this life in the visitation, 
with her three children at Burnbanke, the 10 of August 1647." 

The estates of the Muschets of Perthshire have long been alien- 
ated; the male representative of the house is John S. Muschet, 
M.D., of Birkhill, Stirlingshire. 

In the parish church a monument with an inscription in elegant 
Latin commemorates George Drummond, of Blair-Drummond, who 
in 1684 acquired part of the ancient barony of Kincardine from 
the Earl of Perth. Monumental tablets also commemorate several 
of his descendants. 

In the churchyard a monument marks the resting-place of 
Henry Home, Lord Kames. This distinguished judge and meta- 
physical writer was son of George Home, of Kames, Berwickshire, 
and was born in 1696. He passed advocate in 1724, and after a 
brilliant career at the bar was raised to the bench in February, 
1752. In 1763 he was appointed a Lord of Justiciary. During a 
career of remarkable industry he produced many valuable profes- 
sional works. His " Elements of Criticism," and " Sketches of the 
History of Man," the latter containing some curious disquisitions 
regarding the gradation of the race, are his best known works. A 
sound lawyer and a zealous agriculturist, Lord Kames was, not- 
withstanding some personal eccentricities, much esteemed by his 
contemporaries. By his marriage in 1741 with Agatha Drummond, 
he became possessed in 1766 of the estates of Blair-Drummond. 
He died 27th December, 1782. Mrs. Home Drummond died in 
June, 1795 ; her remains are interred beside those of her husband 
In the church Lord Kames and his Lady are commemorated on 

168 PEKTHSHI1M-:. 

a monument, bearing an inscription composed by the celebrated 
Dr. Hugh Blair. 

In the church memorial tablets celebrate George Home Drum- 
mond, of Blair-Drummond, only son of Lord Kaines, who died 
28th October, 1819 ; and Henry Home Drummond, for many years 
M.P. for Perthshire ; born 28th July, 1783 ; died 12th September, 

Within the church a monument, with a Latin inscription 
written by himself, commemorates John Ramsay, of Ochtertyre,' a 
learned country gentleman and early patron of Robert Burns. 
Experiencing amusement in the composition of Latin verse, he 
had classical inscriptions placed on erections and tablets iu various 
parts of his demesne. With the poet Burns he maintained a 
friendly correspondence. He died in March, 1814, and his remains 
were consigned to the family burial-place in the old parish church. 
He left MSS. on various subjects connected with Scottish history, 
but these have not been published by his executors. 


In the parish church, in a vault under the aisle, is the burial- 
place of the old family of Charteris, of Kinfauns. About a century 
ago there was found in the vault a head-piece or kind of helmet, 
made of several folds of linen, painted over with broad stripes of 
blue and w r hite. This is supposed to have formed part of the 
fictitious armour which had enclosed the remains of Sir Thomas 
de Longueville. Of this individual the history is associated with 
that of Wallace. According to the narrative Longueville was con- 
nected with an ancient family in France, but having at the court 
of Philip le Bel killed a nobleman in the king's presence he was 
subjected to exile. He became a pirate, and was known as the Red 
Rover, from the colour of his flags. On his voyage to France in 
1301 or 1302 he was encountered by Wallace, who took him 

1'AKISII OF KIXNAlltl). ' 160 

prisoner, and afterwards successfully interceded on his behalf with 
the French king, who not only gave him a free pardon, but granted 
him knighthood. Longueville attached himself to his benefactor, 
and became a sharer of his exploits. On Wallace's betrayal and 
execution he retired to Lochmaben, but when Bruce began to 
assert his right to the crown, he heartily joined his standard. 
In January, 1313, he aided King Robert at the taking of Perth. 
In reward of his services the King granted him lands in the 
vicinity, and he assumed the name of Charteris on marrying 
the heiress of Kinfauns. The two-handed sword of Sir Thomas de 
Longueville is preserved in Kinfauns Castle ; it is five feet nine 
inches long, two and a half inches broad at the hilt, and of a pro- 
portionate thickness. 


In the parish churchyard a lengthened eulogy on a departed 
family is summed up by the intimation that they all " paid twenty 
shillings in the pound." These metrical inscriptions are from 
different tombstones: 

" The bloom of innocence 

Was blighted when half blown ; 
The child that feared to give offence, 
Down to the grave is gone." 

" Stop, friend, thy hand thy soul to save, 
And hear the dead hear from the grave. 
Thou springs from dust and dwells in clay 
Thy soul must flit and haste away. 

Noe faith, nor no beneath the ground. 

Wouldst thou be saved when death alarms, 
Then die with Jesus in thy arms." 


" Here rests the mortal part of one 
Who held in virtue's path the van ; 
In friendship warm, to flatt'ry cold ; 
In years a youth, in wisdom old ; 
A pious teacher, well approved, 
By parent, guardian, pupil loved." 


In the centre of the churchyard, an aisle which was attached to 
the old parish church, now removed, was an early burial-place 
of the House of Kinnoull. Within the aisle is the splendid monu- 
ment of Sir George Hay, first Earl of Kinnoull, and Lord High 
Chancellor. In a recess behind four columns, enriched with a 
variety of ornaments and surmounted by a canopy, embellished 
with escutcheons, is the statue of the Earl in his robes. Above are 
two seraphs in the act of flying. Sir George Hay, first Lord of 
Kinnoull, was second son of Peter Hay, of Megginch. Born in 
1572, he was educated at the Scots College of Douay with his 
uncle Edmund, well known as Father Hay. In 1596 he was 
introduced to Court by his relative, Sir James Hay, of Kingask, 
and was appointed a Gentleman of the Bedchamber. After holding 
a succession of offices, he was, in 1622, elevated to the chancellor- 
ship. He was created Earl of Kinnoull in 1633. He died at 
London, on the 16th December, 1634, and his remains were brought 
to Scotland and interred at the spot surmounted by his monument. 

On Murray's Hall Hill, one of the Sid laws, an obelisk commemo- 
rates General Sir Thomas Graham, afterwards Lord Lynedoch. 
This distinguished individual was born at Balgowan, Perthshire, iu 
1750. Having sustained the loss of a devoted wife, to whom he 
was tenderly attached, he abandoned the life of a country gentle- 
man and joined the army at the ripe age of forty- three. He 
served as aide-de-camp to Lord Mulgrave at the landing at Toulon, 


and received his lordship's thanks for his gallant and able services. 
In 1704 he raised the first battalion of the 90th Regiment, of 
which he was appointed colonel commandant. In connection with 
the garrison of Mantua, in 1796, he distinguished himself by an 
act of intrepidity ; and after a two years' siege, took Malta from 
the French in 1800. In 1809 he served in Spain under Sir John 
Moore, and was present at the battle of Corunna. Appointed a 
lieutenant-general, he returned to Spain in 1811 ; in February of 
that year he gained the battle of Barossa. He won fresh honours 
at the battle of Vittoria, fought on the 21st June, 1813. After 
some distinguished services in Holland, he was, in May, 1814, 
raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Lynedoch. He died at 
London on the 18th December, 1843, at the advanced age of ninety- 

In the churchyard tombstones commemorate James Paton, of 
Glenalmond, died 1830 ; James Thomas, of Cotton, died 12th 
March, 1855 ; "William Dickson, of Bellwood, died 1835 ; and 
George Seton, of Potterhill, died 5th February, 1842. 

Andrew Sharp, cobbler, musician, and drawing-master, is cele- 
brated in these lines : 

" Halt for a moment, passenger, and read : 
Here Andrew dozes in his daisied bed ; 
Silent his flute, and torn off the key, 
His pencils scattered, and the Muse set free." 

From different tombstones we have the following : 

" Death comes to mortals often by surprise, 
Death even to genius a respite denies ; 
Reader, reflect, uncertain is the hour, 
Prepare to meet thy God while in thy power." 

" I like a rose did appear ; 

My blossom soon was gone ; 
And now I'm laid in silent grave, 

Where all of you must come." 


" Tliis last memorial fond affection rears 
To one whose simple manners still endears 
A man so humble, little known to fame, 
That seldom heard his voice or name ; 
Meek, innoffensive, and of morals pure, 
Few faults or foibles could his life obscure." 

" Mourn not, dear friends, for my decease, 
I hope with Christ I have made peace ; 
Life is uncertain, death is sure, 
Sin gave the wound, but Christ the cure. 
A loving wife and tender mother proved, 
And died lamented, as she lived beloved." 


Within the grounds of Keir House, the seat of Sir William 
Stirling Maxwell, Bart., is situated the old parish churchyard. 
The site of the old parish church is denoted by a tall Gothic cross 
and an elegantly sculptured sundial. In the churchyard two ele- 
gant memorial crosses commemorate Hannah and Elizabeth Stirling, 
daughters of Archibald Stirling, Esq., of Keir, and sisters of Sir 
William Stirling Maxwell, Bart. Elizabeth Stirling was born 24th 
August, 1822, and died 12th September, 1845 ; Hannah Ann Stirling 
was born at Kenmure, 17th August, 1816, and died at Carlsbad, 18th 
July, 1843. By her brother she is celebrated in these lines : 

" Sister, these woods have seen ten summers fade 
Since thy dear dust in yonder church was laid ; 
A few more winters, and this heart, the shrine 
Of thy fair memory, shall be cold like thine. 
Yet may some stranger, lingering in these ways, 
Bestow a tear on grief of other days. 
For if he too have wept o'er grace and youth, 
Goodness and wisdom, faith and love and truth, 
Untinged with worldly guile or selfish stain, 
And ne'er hath looked upon the like again, 
Then imaged in his sorrow he may see 
All that I loved and lost and mourn in thee." 



In the parish church a marble tablet commemorates Neil Gow, 
the celebrated composer and violinist, whose remains are interred 
in the churchyard. Gow died in the hamlet of Inver, of which he 
was a native, on the 1st March, 1807, aged eighty. Retained by 
the Athole family as their musician, he lived amidst his native 
solitudes. As a player of reels and strathspeys he was unsurpassed. 
About one hundred tunes which he composed have been preserved 
and published. 


In the park of Belmont, a tumulus called Belliduff is asso- 
ciated with the tradition that here Macduff slew Macbeth, while a 
whinstone nodule of twenty tons weight, about a mile distant, is 
known as Macbeth's Stone. According to history Macbeth was 
slain at Lumphanan, in Kincardineshire. 

In the parish churchyard are several ancient sepulchral stones, 
variously sculptured. One represents a huge serpent fastened to a 
bull's mouth, another two wild beasts tearing a human body, and 
a third a body attached to chariot wheels. A tradition, evidently 
fabulous, associates these sculptures with Vanora, the supposed 
queen of King Arthur, in the sixth century, who on account of 
her infidelity was, by her husband's order, torn to pieces by 
wild beasts. 

In the north aisle of the church, Robert Cranston, Bishop of Dun- 
keld, is thus commemorated : 

" Heir lyeth the body of ane honest and discreet gentleman, Robert 
Cranston, descended of the family of Cranston, who after several 
yeirs travelling and serving in the warrs in Germanie and Poland 
returned to his native countrie, and having for some yiers faith- 
fully served Lord Bishope of Dunkele, died at Meigle, May, 1685, 
and of his age 47." 


Tombstones in Meigle churchyard present these metrical in- 
scriptions : 

" Under this stone here lys ane vertous one, 
Ane friend to all, ane enemie to none ; 
If literature had polished what nature did bestow, 
So short ane epitaph justice wald not alow." 

" happy sovl, Thy after labours . . 
To heauins Eternal mansions . . 
T' enjoy the pleasures of eternal rest 
With triumph mongst angels be blest. 
Happy who, after so uncertain chance, 
Can safly to the heauen of heauens advance." 

" While old grey heads escape the rage 

Of cruel death, sometime 
Young ones, alas ! may quit the stage, 

Ev'n in their very prime. 
Oh, death, how fierce thy fiery blows, 

No forester like thee ; 
Cuts down the cedar while it grows, 

And spares the withered tree." 

" In her who under this stone 

Many brave virtues shone ; 
For every day it was her care 

To help each needy one. 
And thus we trust her soul at rest, 

Doth now remain above ; 
With the triumphant pious ones, 

Who their .Redeemer love." 

" Here is interr'd, believe you may, 

This monument that views, 
The kindest neighbour ever was, 

Friend, father, and a spouse. 
Beloved, and loving, still averse 

To every sordid art ; 
Without deceit he plainly spoke 

The language of his heart. 


Untainted was his character, 

The paths of peace he trode, 
For which we hope he glorious shines 

In heaven now with God." 


A spot enclosed by a railing on the banks of the river Almond 
denotes the burial-place of Bessy Bell and Mary Gray, celebrated 
in national song. Miss Bell was daughter of the laird of Kin- 
vaid ; and Miss Gray was daughter of the laird of Lednock. The 
terrible plague of 1645 having broken out, the two ladies retired to 
a rush-thatched cot, at Burn Braes, a romantic spot on the Led- 
nock estate. There they lived for some time, when a lover of one 
or both visited them occasionally, and brought them provisions. 
Unhappily he also brought the epidemic, of which both the 
damsels sickened and died. Their remains were deposited in the 
same grave. The original ballad commemorating the tragedy has 
these lines : 

" They wadna lie in Methven kirkyard, 

Amang their gentle kin ; 
But they wa'd lie on Dronach Haugh, 
To beak foment the sun." 


On the hill of Tom-a-chastel a handsome obelisk of granite, 
eighty-two feet in height, was erected in 1831, in honour of Sir 
David Baird, the hero of Seringapatam. This distinguished com- 
mander was born at Edinburgh, on the 6th December, 1757. 
Entering the army as ensign in the 2nd Foot, he joined his 
regiment at Gibraltar in 1773. Returning to Britain in 1776, he 
was two years thereafter appointed Captain of the Grenadiers in 


the 73rd Regiment, then raised by Jjord Macleod. Proceeding to 
India in 1790, Captain Baird bore a distinguished part in the battle 
of Perimbancum, when after a protracted and desperate encounter 
between the troops of Hyder Ali and a portion of the British 
Indian army, commanded by Colonel Baillie, the latter experienced 
defeat. With other officers, Captain Baird was 'detained a prisoner 
three years and a half in the fortress of Seringapatam, each being 
allowed for provisions a sum equal to sixpence per day. On the 
cessation of hostilities, in .March, 1784, he was released, when he 
rejoined his regiment at Madras. The number of the regiment 
was changed to the 71st, and Captain Baird was, in 1790, appointed 
its lieutenant-colonel. After some other important services he was, 
in 1798, appointed major-general. On the 4th May, 1799, he 
commanded the storming party at the assault of Seringapatam, 
when Tippoo Saib was slain, and the British obtained possession of 
the place. In 1804 General Baird received the honour of knight- 
hood, and the military Companionship of the Bath. In 1806 he 
wrested Cape Colony from the Dutch ; in 18*07 he took part in the 
siege of Copenhagen, and in 1803 commanded the first division 
at Corunna, and succeeded to the first command on the death of 
Sir John Moore. He was created a baronet, and for the fourth 
time received the thanks of Parliament. In 1820 he was appointed 
commander of the forces in Ireland, and in 1828 he became 
Governor of Fort George. He died on the 18th August, 1829. Sir 
David married, in August, 1810, Miss Campbell Preston, of Fern- 
tower, Perthshire, who survived him. 

On the site of the old parish church stands the mausoleum of 
the ancient House of Murray of Ochtertyre. The church was, in 
1511, the scene of a terrible tragedy connected with a feud between 
the Hurrays and the Drummonds, the particulars of which are 
related by Sir Walter Scott, in his introduction to " The Legend of 



In the Small Glen, the upper portion of the vale of Glenalmond, 
a large stone, eight feet in height, and nearly cubical in form, is 
traditionally reported to mark the grave of Ossian, the great Cale- 
donian bard. It is known as Clack Ossian, or Ossian's stone. 
When General Wade was constructing the military road through 
the Glen in 1746, some of his men removed Clach Ossian from its 
ancient bed. They found beneath it a small sepulchral chamber 2 
feet long, 1| feet broad, and 2 feet deep, containing bones and 
some pieces of coin. The bones were re-interred. In allusion to 
the burial-place of the Caledonian bard, the poet Wordsworth has 
these lines : 

" In this still place, remote from men 
Sleeps Ossian, in the Narrow Glen ; 
In this still place, where murmurs on, 
But one meek streamlet, only one : 
He sang of battles, and the breath 
Of stormy war, and violent death, 
And should, methinks, when all was past. 
Have rightfully been laid at last, 
Where rocks were rudely heaped and rent 
As by a spirit turbulent ; 

Where sights were rough and sounds were wild, 
And everything unreconciled, 
In some complaining dim retreat, 
For fear and melancholy meet ; 
But this is calm, there cannot be 
A more entire tranquillity. 
Does then the bard sleep here indeed ? 
Or is it but a groundless creed ? 
What matters it ? I blame them not 
Whose fancy in this lonely spot 
Was moved ; and in such way expressed 
Their notion of its perfect rest. 
A convent even, or hermit's cell, 
Would break the silence of this dell ; 
It is not quiet, it is not ease, 
But something deeper far than these 


The separation that is here 
Is of the grave ; and of austere 
Yet happy feelings of the dead ; 
And, therefore, was it rightly said 
That Ossian, last of all his race, . 
Lies buried in this lonely place." 


In the churchyard, a tombstone is thus inscribed: "Jacobus 
Paton de Middle Ballilisk quondam episcopus de Dunkeld, qui 
obiit 20 Julii 1596." Paton was appointed minister of Muckhart in 
1567, and in 1572 was promoted to the Bishopric of Dunkeld, 
through the influence of Archibald Earl of Argyle. He was 
accused before the Church Courts of obtaining his bishopric by 
simony, of not residing in his diocese, and of neglecting his episco- 
pate. Latterly he resigned his see, and resided on his estate. 


At the foot of High Street is an elegant monumental statue of 
Sir Walter Scott, supported on a suitable pedestal. The illustrious 
author is represented in a standing attitude with his favourite grey- 
hound at his feet. 

An elegant structure, used as a Library and Museum, com- 
memorates a late chief magistrate, Lord Provost Marshall. 

At the south-east corner of the North Inch is the Perthshire 
monument of the late Prince Consort. Elegantly sculptured by 
Brodie, the statue presents a correct representation of the deceased 


Prince. He is uncovered, and the mild character of his features is 
admirably portrayed. Over a court costume, well adapted to the 
pose and proportions of the figure the Prince wears a military 
cloak, and is decorated with the star and collar of the Garter. His 
left hand rests gracefully on the belt of his dress, while in his 
right hand he holds the design of the Crystal Palace, which he 
seems in the act of explaining. The monument, which is sup- 
ported on an appropriate pedestal, was reared at the cost of 560 ; 
it was inaugurated on the 30th August, 1864, in presence of Her 
Majesty the Queen, who in token of her royal approbation 
knighted the Lord Provost of the city. 

At the west end of the town stood the Charter House or Car- 
thusian Monastery, founded by James I. and his Queen, in 1429. 
Here were interred James I. and his Queen, and Margaret Tudor 
Queen of James IV. James I. was slain in the Blackfriars Monas- 
tery of Perth on the 20th February, 1437, by Sir Robert Graham 
and other conspirators. An accomplished prince, and educated 
at the English court, he exercised a beneficial influence on the rude 
manners of his subjects. He was the originator of Scottish music, 
and a considerable poet. He married the lady Jane Beaufort, 
daughter of the Duke of Somerset, of the blood-royal of England. 
Her remains were laid beside those of her husband. 

Queen Margaret Tudor, who also rests in the Carthusian Monas- 
tery, was daughter of Henry VII. Surviving her first husband, 
James IV., she afterwards espoused Archibald Douglas, Earl of 
Angus, whom she divorced ; she latterly married Henry Stewart, 
second son of Lord Ochiltree, who was created Lord Methven. 
She died 25th October, 1521. 

The Dominican Monastery stood in the north part of the 
city; it was founded by Alexander II. in 1231. Herein were 
entombed the remains of Elizabeth Mure, first Queen of Robert 
II. Daughter of Sir Adam Mure, of Eowallan, she was celebrated 
for her personal charms and amiable qualities. The reality of her 
marriage with the king was long a, matter of doubt, but it was 
conclusively determined in the affirmative by the discovery in 


1789 of the Pope's dispensation for the solemnization of the 

St John's church was formerly surrounded with a graveyard. 
Here, James Earl of Gowrie, was interred in 1588. Under the 
north transept of the church a burial vault belonged to the 
family of Mercer of Aldie. 

In 1580 the grounds of the Franciscan Monastery were granted 
to the citizens as a place of sepulture. These grounds now 
form the parochial churchyard. In the churchyard wall a memo- 
rial tablet thus commemorates Robert Mylne, master mason to 
James VI. It is inscribed as follows : 

" Near this spot lies John Mylne, master mason to James VI., 
who about two centuries ago, rebuilt the ancient Bridge over the 
Tay, opposite the High Street, which a dreadful inundation swept 
away, xiv. October MDCXXI." 

" Robert Mylne, Architect, erected this stone to restore and per- 
petuate the memory of his ancestors, 


A flat stone in front of the tablet is inscribed thus : 

" This stone entombs the dust of famous Mill, 
Renowned chiefly in his time for skill 
In architecture ; his learned art did lay 
The spacious arches of the Bridge of Tay, 
Which as demolished by a mighty spate, 
So was his fabric by the course of fate. 
Six histres since, and more his progenie, 
Succeeding to that art their sire outvy, 
And this assign'd, his worth deserved one 
Of jet or marble, not of common stone. 
Seven foot of ground, clay floor, clay wall, 
Serve both for chamber and for hall 
To Master Mill, whose squrbuile* brain 
Could ten Escurialls well containe, 
Whill he breath'd life, yet in his sonne 
And sonn's sonne, he lives two for one, 
Who to advance Mitts art and fame, 
Make stocks and stones speak out his name." 

* Ingenious. 


From the reign of James III. till that of Charles II. the office of 
Royal Master Mason was hereditary in the family of Mylne. The 
son and successor of John Mylne here commemorated was M.P. 
for the city of Edinburgh. He and one of his descendants, the 
last who held the hereditary office of Master Mason to the king, 
were interred in Greyfriars churchyard, Edinburgh (Vol. I. 27, 28). 
Eobert Mylne, described on the tablet as having caused it to be 
erected to the memory of his ancestors was the most celebrated 
architect of his House. Born at Edinburgh on the 4th January, 
1734, he studied architecture at Rome and other continental 
schools. Having fixed his residence in London, his design for the 
erection of the bridge at Blackfriars on the Thames was selected at 
a public competition, and he was entrusted with the erection of the 
work. He was afterwards appointed surveyor of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, and Clerk of Works to Greenwich Hospital. He died on 
the 5th May, 1811. 

A tombstone, with inscription effaced, commemorates Mrs. 
Catherine Buchanan, wife (as is supposed) of Henry Adamson, 
author of the " Muses' Threnodie," a poem, containing an account 
of the Gowrie conspiracy, a description of Perth, &c. Adamson 
was son of James Adamson, Lord Provost of Perth in 1610, and 
brother of Principal Adamson of the University of Edinburgh. 
He died in J639. According to some accounts he was unmarried. 

A plain tombstone commemorates the Rev. William Wilson, one 
of the founders of the Secession Church, who died in 1741, 
aged fifty-one. With a short Latin inscription, it contains these 
verses : 

" More brave than David's mighty men, 

This champion fought it fair 
In truth's defence, both by the pen, 
The pulpit and the chair. 

" He stood with his associates true 

To Scotland's solemn oath, 
And taught to render homage due 
To God and Csesar both. 


" Earth raging, from his sacred post 

Debarr'd the worthy sage ; 
Heaven frowning, sent a furious host 
To avenge the sacrilege. 

" Mourn, your Elijah's gone, 
And wafted to the skies ; 
Mourn till his fiery car bring down 
A soul of equal size." 

Mr. Wilson was son of Gilbert Wilson, proprietor of a small 
estate near East Kilbride, which he forfeited for his attachment to 
the Presbyterian cause ; he went to Holland, and returning at the 
Eevolution, was appointed Comptroller of Customs at Greenock. 
His son was born at Glasgow, 19th November, 1690, and was 
named after William III. Having studied at the University of 
Glasgow and obtained license, he was ordained minister of the 
West Church, Perth, in November, 1716. He associated with the 
supporters of the "Marrow of Modern Divinity," and was one 
of the three ministers who joined Mr. Ebenezer Erskine (sec 
supra, p. 41), for which they suffered deposition by the General 
Assembly. Mr. Wilson's adherents erected a meeting-house for his 
use, and the Associate Presbytery appointed him their Professor of 
Divinity. He died 8th October, 1741. The English verses on 
his tombstone were composed by the Eev. Ralph Erskine of Dun- 
fermline, who likewise inscribed these lines on the tombstone of 
Colin Brown, Chief Magistrate of Perth, who died 17th October, 
1744, aged seventy-one: 

" Friend, do not, careless on thy road, 

O'erlook this humble shrine ; 
For if thou art a friend of God, 
Here lyes a friend of thine. 

" His closet was a Bethel sweet, 
His house a house of prayer, 
In homely strains at Jesus' feet 
He wrestled daily there. 


" He to the city was a guide, 

And to the church a fence, 
Nor could within the camp abide 
When truth was banished thence. 

" His life and death did both express 
What strength of grace was given, 
His life a lamp of holiness. 
His death a dawn of heaven." 

In the churchyard, tombstones commemorate Eev. Robert Kay, 
minister of the West Church, died 15th October, 1819 ; John 
Young, of Bell wood, died 6th June, 1819 ; Rev. Henry Sangster, 
minister of Humbie, died 5th April, 1820 ; Rev. Adam Peebles, 
minister of the English Episcopal church, Perth, died 18th Decem- 
ber, 1804; Rev. Samuel George Kennedy, minister of the West 
Church, died 30th December, 1835; Dr. Alexander Robertson, 
Deputy Inspector of Army Hospitals, died 1st September, 1830 ; 
Major-General Sir John Ross, K.C.B., died 21st April, 1835 ; Major- 
General William Farquhar, died llth May, 1839 ; Rev. Alexander 
Pringle, D.D., died 12th May, 1839 ; Rev. Forest Frew, Minister of 
the first Relief Church, Perth, died 6th February, 1842 ; Rev. John 
Findlay, D.D., Minister of St. Pauls, died 4th April, 1846 ; Adam 
Anderson, LL.D., Professor of Natural Philosophy in the Univer- 
sity of St. Andrews, died 4th December, 1846 ; Andrew Heiton, 
architect, died 8th August, 1858 ; Sir John Bisset, K.C.B., Com- 
missary-General, died 3rd April, 1854; Rev. Andrew Gray, Minister 
of the Free West Church, Perth, died 15th March, 1861; and 
Rev. William A. Thomson, Minister of the Middle Church, Perth, 
died 17th March, 1863. 

Perth parochial churchyard exhibits a due proportion of metrical 
epitaphs ; one of the oldest tombstones is thus inscribed : 

" Here lyes ane worthie man, John Conqueror, who died a 
Bailie of Perth, the first day of September, 1653. 


"O'er death a conqueror he now lyes whose soule, 
Freed from this dust, triumphes above the pole. 
One less than twyce twelve children by one wife 
He had, of which to everlasting life 
Twyce ten he sent before him, and behynd 
He left but three to propagate his kynd. 
He ran ten lustres out, when rigid fate, 
Eobbed him of life, Perth of a Magistrate. 

" This trophee, Margaret Jack, his spouse, did raise 
O'er her dear husband, to her lasting praise ; 
Through his respectful care, his memory 
Shall be deryved of posterity." 

On the tombstone of John Gow, hammerman, is this couplet : 

" Till God has wrought us to his will, 
The hammer we must suffer still." 

On the tombstone of John R Gow, teacher, who died in 1857, 
are these lines : 

"Eeader, one moment 

Stop and think, 
That I am in eternity 
And you are on the brink." 

John Knox has thus inscribed a tombstone in memory of his 
wife : 

" Though greedy worms devour my skin, 

And gnaw my wasting flesh, 
Yet God shall build my bones again, 
And clothe them all afresh." 

From the tombstone of David Taylor, mason, who died 21st 
September, 1816, we have the following : 

" On this stone tablet gently tread, 
It marks of human dust the bed, 
Of dust once sensible to pain, 
Dust that once lived shall live again. 


Remember as thou steppest upon 
Life ceased : such dust thou'lt be anon. 
Then as thou would'st thine own to rest, 
Now lightly let this dust be press'd." 

James Galloway, a shipwrecked mariner, who died in 1852, is 
commemorated thus : 

"Who go to ships and in 

Great waters trading be, 
Within the deep those men God's works 

And his great wonders see ; 
For He commands, and forth in haste 

The stormy tempest flies, 
Which makes the sea with rolling waves 

Aloft to swell and rise." 

Robert Clark has thus inscribed his wife's tombstone : 

" Lo, where the silent marble weeps, 
A friend, a wife, a mother sleeps, 
A heart within whose sacred cell 
The peaceful virtues loved to dwell." 

On the tombstone of James Hunter, surgeon, who died in 1774, 
are these lines : 

" Short was the space allotted him to run 
Just entered on the lists he gained the crown ; 
His prayer scarce ended ere his praise begun." 

The Rev. Donald Fraser thus celebrates his wife, Aim Dalgarnie, 
who died 2nd March, 1822, aged thirty : 

" She had a grace which stole upon the heart, 
Smiling as childhood, and as void of art ; 
A look that spoke the friendly feeling breast ; 
A voice to soothe the troubled soul to rest ; 
A temper gentle as the vernal breeze, 
Which ever pleased without a thought to please ; 
Virtues that time and change and sorrow brave, 
Unfading charms which triumph o'er the grave ; 
Yet shall her mouldering form more lovely rise, 
For brighter beauties dawn in other skies. 
A form celestial the pure soul enshrines, 
And virtue in its native lustre shines." 


Within the new cemetery, memorial stones denote the graves 
of Donald Sinclair Maclagan, of Glenquiech, died 5th July, 
1858 ; John Marshall, of Eosemount, died 23rd July, 1862 ; Flora, 
wife of General Sir Alexander Lindsay, K.C.B., died 25th July, 
1863, and Isabella Menzies, wife of Sir John Ross, died 18th 
March, 1807. 

On the gravestone of his wife and children, Robert Duncan has 
inscribed these lines : 

" Their names are graven on this stone, 

Their bones are in the clay, 
And very soon we will be gone, 
And lying low as they." 

In memory of his children, Peter Anderson has engraved the 
following : 

" Farewell thou vase of splendour, 

I need thy light no more, 

No brilliance dost thou render 

The world to which I soar. 

" Nor sun nor moonbeam brightens 

Those regions with a ray ; 
But God himself enlightens 
Their one eternal day. 

" Farewell each dearest union 

That blest my earthly hours, 
We yet shall hold communion 
In amaranthine bowers. 

" The love that seems forsaken 

When friends in death depart, 
In heaven again shall wakeu, 
And repossess the heart. 

" The harps of heav'n steal o'er me, 

I see the jasper wall, 
Jesus who pass'd before me, 
And God the Judge of all" 

" So sung the parting spirit, 

While round flow'd many a tear, 
Then spread her wings t' inherit 
The throne in yonder sphere." 


Within the interior of the East Church, a monumental tablet, 
representing two figures, is supposed to have been erected in com- 
memoration of the three Earls of Gowrie : 

A marble monument, in the East Church, is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of their comrades who fell during the Crimean War, 
1854 55, and as a tribute to their gallantry, this monument is 
erected by the officers of Her Majesty's 90th Light Infantry, 
Perthshire Volunteers, A.D. 1857." 

In the cathedral of the episcopal church rest the remains of the 
Eight Eeverend Patrick Torry, D.D., Bishop of St. Andrews, 
Dunkeld and Dunblane, and who is also commemorated by a 
monument. This eminent divine was born in the parish of King 
Edward, Aberdeenshire, on the 27th December, 1763. After a 
respectable education at various country schools, Mr. Torry was, 
in 1782, admitted to deacon's orders by Bishop Kilgour, of Aber- 
deen. For seven years he conducted episcopal service at Arradoul, 
Banffshire ; he subsequently became assistant to Bishop Kilgour, 
in the episcopal church at Peterhead. There he laboured for the 
long period of sixty years. In 1808 he was consecrated bishop. 
After a long episcopate, marked by affectionate faithfulness and 
sterling efficiency, he was called to his rest on the 3rd October, 
1852, in his 89th year." 

In the Sheriff Court Eoom, marble tablets commemorate Patrick 
Murray, sheriff-clerk of Perthshire, who died 5th September, 1731, 
and James Paton, of Glenalmond, Sheriff-clerk of Perthshire, who 
died in 1850. 


On the island of Inchmachome, in the Lake of Menteith, are 
the remains of a famous Priory, founded in 1238 by Walter 
Comyn, Earl of Menteith. Near the centre of the choir, a recum- 
bent monument, contains two figures, supposed to represent 

188 PEimisiiiitK. 

Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith, sou-in-law of the founder, and 
his countess. In the choir another monument of inferior work- 
manship celebrates Sir John de Drummond, son-in-law of the 
preceding earl. 

Surmounting part of the church and dormitory a mausoleum, 
consisting of a vault and apartment above it, was constructed to 
receive the remains of Lord Kilpont, son of William, eighth Earl of 
Menteith, who was killed by James Stewart, of Ardvoirlich, in Mon- 
trose's camp, at Collace, in 1644 The event of Lord Kilpont's death 
is embodied with fictitious colouring by Sir Walter Scott, in the 
" Legend of Montrose." In the introduction to that romance there 
is an interesting narrative respecting the unhappy author of the 
assassination, and the circumstances connected with it. The estate 
of Kilpont, or Kilpunt, is situated near the river Almond in 


On the banks of the Tay, about two miles above the mouth of 
the Almond, two upright stones denote the scene of the famous 
battle of Luncarty, fought between Kenneth III., and an invading 
army of Danes. The battle took place about the year 990. The 
Danes had landed at the mouth of the Esk, and after destroying 
the town and castle of Montrose, had marched towards Perth, and 
in their progress laid waste the country. They were on the field of 
Luucarty attacked by the royal forces, who would have sustained 
defeat but for the timely intervention of Hay, a farmer, and his 
two sons. These persons, armed with some ploughing utensils, 
encouraged their worsted countrymen, and so renewed the conflict 
with the invaders. The result was a complete victory over the 
Danes, whose king was slain at the spot denoted by the larger 
memorial stone. Hay was invited to Court, and obtained a large 


grant of land in the vicinity, which is still in the possession of his 
descendants. He is held as a progenitor by the Marquess of Tweed- 
dale and the Earls of Kinnoull and Erroll. 


After the battle of Luncarty, Farmer Hay had from his sovereign 
the choice of a portion of territory equal to a hound's race or a 
falcon's flight. Having chosen the latter, the bird being let loose 
pursued her flight for many miles, and at length lighted on a stone 
in this parish, which in memorial of the occurrence is named the 
Hawk's Stone. 

A Eunic cross in the churchyard is thus described in the new 
Statistical Account : 

" The St. Madoes stone is about seven feet in length, and in width 
about three at bottom, and two and a half at top. Its thickness 
is eight inches. It is composed of grey sandstone, similar to that 
which is found at Murray's Hall, full six- miles off. On the one 
side the sculpture is divided into five compartments, right under 
each other and nearly equal in size. Each of the uppermost three 
is occupied by the figure of a man on horseback, the horse and 
rider being of the most grotesque form and unseemly proportions. 
The bridle, reins, bit, rings, and buckles, are minutely, though 
rudely cut, and are in perfect preservation. The rider wears a 
cloak or mantle, somewhat like the short waterproof cloaks of our 
time, but with a flat crowned head-piece, which leaves only a small 
portion of the face to be seen. In the fourth compartment is a ser- 
pent shaped figure, with fretted ornaments, and something like a 
double-headed broken sceptre, both of which ornaments are to be 
found on most stones of the same class. Still lower down is the 
figure of a goat, a good deal defaced, and adjoining this, various 
sculptures almost obliterated. This side of the stone, though 
minutely carved, does not seem to have been squared or dressed 
beforehand. It bears no tool marks, and has several warts, as if 
just newly taken from the quarry. The side opposite is by far 
the richer and more beautiful. Its lines are as clear as if just 


from the hands of the artist. The principal figure is that of a 
cross, the upright portion of which occupies the whole length of 
the stones. The shaft and transept are beautifully enriched with 
very complicated tracery ; both round the point where they cross 
are wreathed with a carved circle or halo. On each side of the 
shaft of the cross beneath its transept is a monstrous lizard-like 
figure, apparently in the agonies of death, from being crushed 
through at the loins by a savage-looking creature, with a head like 
a wolf, body like a dog, and thick curled tail. The two compart- 
ments adjoining the top of the cross are occupied by nondescripts, 
with monstrous and diminutive bodies, apparently gnawing their 
own backs. On the top, equally visible from both sides of the stone, 
are lizard figures couchant facing each other." 


An upright pillar, thirteen feet high, slightly ornamented at the 
top and standing on a pedestal, denotes the site of the old village 
or " royal city" of Scone. There certain members of the court had 
official residences. In the foundations of the ancient monastery 
and in the churchyard many stone coffins have been dug up, but 
generally without inscription or emblem. 

In the aisle of the old church a magnificent monument comme- 
morates Viscount Stormont, Lord Scone. Executed in marble and 
alabaster, it bears a figure of his Lordship in armour, supported by 
two other figures, supposed to represent the Marquis of Tullibardine 
and the Earl Marischal. Lord Stormont, so created in 1621, was 
formerly styled Sir David Murray of Gospertie, Lord Scone. 
Second son of Sir Andrew Murray, of Arngask and Balvaird, he 
was early attached to the court of James VI. who in 1598 
appointed him comptroller of the royal revenues. He accompanied 
the king to Perth on the 5th August, 1600, when the Gowrie con- 
spiracy was enacted, and afterwards obtained the barony of Euth- 
ven, and other lands which had belonged to the Earl of Gowrie. In 
1603 he accompanied James to London, and was afterwards 


appointed a commissioner for the projected union of the kingdoms. 
As High Commissioner to the General Assembly, he sought to 
gratify the royal wishes by introducing episcopal innovations and 
crushing freedom of debate. At a Synod held at Perth in April, 
1607, he insulted the Moderator during prayer, and afterwards 
locked the doors of the building against the admission of the 
members. For his zeal in obtruding on the church the four articles 
adopted at Perth in 1618, and other services, he was raised to the 
Peerage. He died without issue, 27th August, 1631. 


In the parish churchyard were interred upwards of three hun- 
dred Covenanters who fell at the battle of Tibbermuir on the 1st 
September, 1644. The Covenanters, who numbered about 6,000 
horse and foot, were attacked by Montrose, and decisively routed. 

Within the church, a tombstone presents, in raised letters, the 
following inscription : 

" This memorial erectet be Sir lames Mvrrey of Tibbermvir, 
Knicht, anno Dom. 1631, wharin lyis the bodyis of ISBELL 
EVTHVEN, his grandmother, Captane DAVID and EOSINA MVRRAYIS, 
two of hir brither . . IOHNE FENTONE, sone to Eosina. Item, 
IOHN MVRRAY, father to Sir IAMES and HELEN SCRIMGEOR his last 
spovs, and MERIORIE COLVIL, first spovs to Sir lames, and GEILS 
and PATRIK MVRRAYIS, tvo of hir bearnis to him, and ELISBET and 
IOHNE MVRRAYIS with his ... ." 

The Murrays of Tibbermuir were descended from Alexander, 5th 
son of Sir David Murray, of Gask, who died in 1446, an ancestor 
of the Ducal House of Athole. 



In the churchyard a tomb belongs to the old family of Blackadder, 
who for five generations were owners of the castle and lands of 

The old church at Overtown constitutes the burial-place of 
Admiral George Keith Elphinstone, afterwards Viscount Keith. 
This distinguished naval commander was fourth son of Charles, 
tenth Lord Elphinstone, and was bom in 1747. In his sixteenth 
year he entered the navy as midshipman, under Captain Jervis, 
afterwards Earl St. Vincent. Devoting himself to his profession 
he speedily rose in the service. During the war on the American 
coast he honourably acquitted himself, and when Europe was the 
theatre of war from 1793 till the battle of Waterloo he gained a 
series of splendid victories. In 1815, as commander of the Channel 
Fleet he had the honour to prevent the escape of Napoleon. He 
was created Viscount Keith in 1814. On the close of the war he 
retired from active service ; he successively represented in Parlia- 
ment the counties of Dumbarton and Stirling. He died 10th 
March, 1823. 


At the east end of the old church a monument of curious and 
varied sculpture commemorates by a latin inscription Sir Alexander 
Menzies, of Castle Menzies, and his wife Marjory, daughter of Sir 
John Campbell, of Gleuorchy. Sir Alexander was created a 
Baronet of Nova Scotia, 2nd September, 1665. 




IN the parish churchyard a sculptured stone presents on one side 
a cross, surrounded with floral decorations ; on the other are figures 
of men on horseback, engaged in warfare. A few hundred yards to 
the north of the church, a stone eight feet in height bears on one 
side a richly carved cross, with two female figures in the act of 
weeping ; while on the other side are figures of men, some on 
horseback, others on foot, intermingled with dogs. These stones 
are believed to commemorate the defeat of a party of Danes by 
Malcolm II. in the year 1012. In honour of his victory Malcolm 
founded a monastery at Brechin, which he dedicated to the Virgin. 

In the old chapel of Auldbar, and also in the interior of the parish 
church, tablets of brass and marble celebrate certain members of 
the House of Chalmers. In Aberlemno church William Chalmers 
of Auldbar, and his wife, are commemorated thus : 

"Hie conduntur reliquiae Gulielmi Chalmers de Aldbar, qui 
vixit annos-65, ob. 7 Id. Jul. 1765 ; et Csecilia? Elphinston conjugis 
adamatae qua3 vixit annos 58, ob. Non. Mart. 1761. Sacrum 
memorise parentum bene merentum hoc marmor films posuit." 

Mr. Chalmers belonged to the family of Hazelhead. Aberdeen- 
shire. Obtaining a fortune as a trader in Spain, he purchased the 
estate of Auldbar in 1753. He was succeeded by his son Patrick, 
who became sheriff of the county. In Aberlemno church he is 
on a monumental tablet, thus celebrated : 

"Patrick Chalmers, Esq., of Auldbar, advocate, died on the loth 
February, 1824, aged 87. 



Virtuous and learned, polished and refined, 

Of pleasing manners and enlightened inind ; 

Beloved in life, lamented in his end, 

Here sleeps the sire, the grandsire, and the friend." 

In Auldbar chapel, two monumental brasses have these inscrip- 
tions : 

" In memory of Patrick Chalmers, Esquire, of Aldbar, for many 
years a merchant in London. He was born at Aldbar, A.D. 1777, 
and died there on the 8th day of December, 1826. Also of Frances 
Inglis, his wife, who died at Aldbar on the 10th day of February, 
1848, in the 70th year of her age." 

" Outside the walls of this chapel are interred the mortal remains 
of Patrick Chalmers, Esquire, of Aldbar, late Captain in H.M.'s 3rd 
Dragoon Guards, sometime Member of Parliament for the Montrose 
District of Burghs, Author of the Sculptured Monuments of Angus. 
He re-edified this chapel in the year 1853. Died at Rome, on 
June the 23rd, 1854." 

Patrick Chalmers died in his fifty-second year. An intelligent and 
accomplished antiquary, he edited the chartularies of Arbroath 
and Brechin, which he presented to the Bannatyne Club. His 
work on the sculptured stones of Forfarshire is much valued. 

From tombstones in Aberlemno churchyard we have these 
rhymes : 

" In hopes in peace his Lord to meet, 

Here lies interred in dust, 
One in his temper ever kind, 

In all his dealings just. 
Kind to the poor, the widow's friend, 

He always did remain, 
Till heaven's great Lord by His decree 

Recalled his life again." 

" Here lies the man, who peace did still pursue, 
And to each one did render what was due ; 
With meek submission he resign'd his breath 
To God, the sovereign Lord of life and death. 
Here different ages do promiscuous lie ; 
The old man must, the young may die." 


" Man's life on earth, even from the womb, 
Is full of troubles to his tomb ; 
He enters in with cries and fears, 
And passeth thro' with cares and tears. 
He goeth out with sighs and groans, 
And in the earth doth lodge his bones ; 
A Lodging place beyond the grave 
To rest, and Hallelujah sing 
Eternally to Heaven's King." 

The gravestone of John Nicol, weaver, who died in 1728, is 
inscribed thus : 

" Tho' this fine Art with skilful hand 
Brings Foreign Eiches to our Land ; 
Adorns our Eich and shields our Poor, 
From cold our bodies doth secure : 
Yet neither Art nor Skill e'er can 
Exempt us from the lot of man." 

On a tombstone belonging to the family of Spence, who resided 
in the parish for nearly four centuries, are these lines : 

" Here lye an honest old race 
Who in Balgavies land had a place 
Of residence, as may be seen, 
Full years three hundred and eighteen." 


In the churchyard a coffin-slab commemorates a member of the 
family of Eoger.* On the sides are sculptured a sword and hunting- 
horn, while the top represents an ornamental cross, in the shaft of 
which are engraved in Eoman characters the following legend : 

" Lyis . heir Eoger . and . Yofan . Eolok . qva . died . in . 
Eidie . 1640." 

* See " The Scottish Branch of the Norman House of Eoger," Edin- 
burgh, 1872, p. 20. 


These rhymes are from different gravestones in Airlie church- 
yard : 

" We of this child had great content, 
For to get learning of his God and Christ was his intent, 
Tho' soon cut off the stage of time, 
We dare not to reflect that we so soon did part, 
For it was his latter will 
That he God's counsel should fulfil." 

" While nature shrinks to be dissolved, 

Eelentless death strikes hard ; 
Nor blooming youth, nor parents' tears, 

Procure the least regard. 
The lovely child fond parents boast, 

Sunk in a sea of grief ; 
Hard fate fret we 'gainst heaven ? No, 

Submission gives relief. " 

" This worthy pair, both free of fraud, 

Made Truth their constant aim ; 
You might depended on their word, 

For still it was the same. 
They loved to live with all around 

In unity and peace ; 
And with a spotless character 

They finished their race." 

" Sure death may kill, but cannot give surprise 
To those whose views are fix'd beyond the skies ; 
He with his spear that vital spring untied, 
And sore my spouse did sicken till she died. 
With winged flight her soul did speed away 
E'en to the regions of immortal day ; 
Her husband, children, left to weep and moan 
The best of wives, the kindest mother gone." 


At the parochial manse is preserved a sepulchral stone which 
was discovered in the foundation of the old parish church. It is 


5^ feet in height and 2 feet in breadth, and is sculptured with 
two crosses, two open books, and a small circle. The old church 
was dedicated to Saint Ninian. 


The parochial churchyard includes the area and precincts of the 
ancient abbey. This magnificent structure was founded by William 
the Lion in 1178, and dedicated to the memory of Thomas a 
Becket. It was planted with monks of the Benedictine order, and 
the abbot was privileged to exercise episcopal functions, and to sit 
in Parliament as a spiritual peer. The fabric was dilapidated at 
the Reformation, when the lands and other endowments belonging 
to the institution were converted into a temporal lordship. 

Prior to his death William the Lion selected the abbey as his 
place of sepulture, and therein he was buried before the high altar 
on the 4th December, 1214, in presence of his successor and a 
vast assemblage of the nobles. After the neglect of centuries, a 
party of workmen who were cleaning the area of the church dis- 
covered op the 20th March, 1811, the tomb of the founder. The 
stone coffin contained a portion of the monarch's bones. These 
represented a man of goodly stature. The coffin-lid is of madrepore, 
a dark spotted marble ; it bears the effigies of the king, in a robe 
simply draped, the waist girt with a narrow belt to which is 
attached a purse. The head is gone ; and the feet rest on the 
figure of a lion. Small figures surround the king, and are in the act 
of arranging his dress. 

Within the abbey a monument with an inscription round the 
sides represents the full-length figure of a monk, but his name is 

In the chancel is preserved the front of a mural tombstone, which 
was found near the high altar. Divided into four compartments, 


each contains a figure carved in bold relief. In the first an angel 
with outstretched wings holds a shield, placed upon a crozier. A 
figure in the second division holds a pitcher and the brush for 
sprinkling holy water. The third figure holds the paten, and the 
fourth displays an open book. As the shield presents the bearings 
of his house, the monument has been described as that of Walter 
Paniter, or Panter, who was abbot of the institution for many years 
prior to 1443, when he resigned office. 

On modern tombstones in Arbroath churchyard we have the fol- 
lowing metrical inscriptions : 

" George and Helen are dead and gone, 

And we their parents mourn full sore ; 
But when we leave this sinful world 
We will be sorrowful no more." 

" Jean and Agnes are gone to a world of love, 

Where sorrow are known no more ; 
They have gone to inherit a land of bliss 
On Canaan's happy shore." 

' By him whose conquests through the world are known 
I to my mean original am thrown; 
My dust lies here, my better part's above, 
So I, not death, the conqueror prove." 

" How bless'd are they, the Word proclaims, 

That are in Jesus dead ! 
Sweet is the savour of their name, 

And soft their silent bed. 
Far from this world's toil and strife, 

And ever with the Lord, 
The sufferings of this mortal life 

End in a rich reward." 

Now slain by death, who spareth none, 
And his full bow under this stone, 
Take heed and read, and thou shalt see, 
As I am now, so shalt thou be 


Eotting in dark and silent dust, 
Prepare for death, for die thou must ; 
Life is uncertain death is sure ; 
Sin is the wound, Christ is the cure." 

Go, blessed spirits, mount where cherubs sing 

Sublime hosannahs to the Saviour King ; 

Go soon triumphant from earth's drear domain, 

The seat of sin, of misery, and of pain. 

The stars will light you on the way 

To realms of glory and eternal day ; 

Then let your eyes behold the bright abode 

Prepared for you by an indulgent God/' 


In an aisle attached to the parish church rest the remains of 
the members of the noble families of Airlie, Buchan, and Strathmore. 
In the churchyard a tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Heir lyes ane godly and vertous man lames Christie of Bal- 
buchlie, who departed ye 20 of Decern : 1651, and his age 97 : 

Dulce fuit, quondam inihi vivere ; non quia vixi; 

Sed quoniam, ut vivam, tune moriturus eram. 
Once it vas svet to me to leive, not that I leived, bvt I leived 
to die." 

James Stewart, who had been a soldier in his youth, is thus 
commemorated : 

" In foreign lands where men with war engage, 
He was sarvising at many a bloody saige ; 
And was preserved wnhurt, yet gathered to his rest 
In good old age who trusts in God is blest." 



On the floor of the parish church a gravestone commemorates 
Martha Forrester, " spouse to Uinqvhile Thomas Mavle." The 
date is partially defaced, but the stone seems to belong to the early 
part of the seventeenth century. Forrester as a family name was 
formerly common in the district. 

In the north wall of the church a monumental tablet bears the 
following inscription : 

" i< Griselis . Dirhamia . sponsa . Davidis . Alexander . de . Pits 
kellie . obiit . 6 . mensis . Ivnii . 1664 . aetatis . svse . 34. 

anagr . 

Griselis . Dirhamia . ardeo . regiam . elisi . elisivm . vere . mea 
delectatio : qvando . in . vivis . eivs . svmmvs . et . ardor . erat 
elisivm . qvoniam . mea . delectatio : sola . nvuc . frvor . elisio 
perpetvoqve . frvar . vivet : 

post . fvnera . virtvs." 

David Alexander was served heir to his father James, in the lands 
of Balskellie, now Pitskellie, in December, 1676. This family had 
long previously possessed the adjoining property of Ravensby. 

Several tombstones commemorate members of the family of Sim 
of Greenlawhill, including the Rev. David Sim, minister of the 
parish, who died on the 1st October, 1823, in his seventieth year 
and the forty-seventh of his ministry. 

A mortuary enclosure has on the gate the following inscription : 

Major Thomas Hunter, of the 104th Regt., died 19th March, 1840, 
aged 59 years." 

The following inscription is from the gravestone of Robert 
Ci;i\\ Curd, who died in 1707 : 

" Mors tuo, more Christi, fraus mundi, gloria Cceli, 
Et dolor Inferni, sunt meditanda tibi. 

Thy death the death of Christ, 

The world's vexation ; 
Heaven's glory, Hell's horror, 

Make thv meditation." 


.From different tombstones we have these metrical epitaphs : 

" As we be, so shall ye. 
To speak the truth let this suffice, 
She was a woman virtuous and wise, 
Not in the least to any vice mclin'd, 
Such was her prudent, civilized mind ; 
Her rest from worldly cares doth pleasant prove, 
While her immortal soul triumphs above." 

' Here lies the dust that once enshrin'd 
A sober, honest, friendly mind ; 
The heavenly part hath wing'd its flight 
To regions of eternal light. 
The body too which breathless lies, 
Redeem'd from death shall shortly rise, 
And join its kindred soul again, 
Fit to adorn its Maker's train." 

" Decreed by God in mercy to mankind, 
Our troubles are to this short life confined ; 
Want, weakness, pain, disease, and sorrow have 
Their general quietus in the grave. 
The living never should the dead lament ; 
Death's our reward, and not our punishment ; 
Keep death and judgment always in your eye 
None's fit to live, but who is fit to die. 
Make use of present time because you must 
Take up your lodging shortly in the dust ; 
'Tis dreadful to behold the setting sun, 
And night approaching ere your work is done." 

' How frail is man ! in how short a time 
He fades like roses which have pass'd their prime ! 
So wrinkled age the fairest face will plow, 
And cast deep furrows on the smoothest brow. 
Then where's that lovely, tempting face ? alas ! 
Yourselves would blush to view it in a glass. 
I stand to mark this good man's place ; 
Upon this earth he lived in peace ; 
He with his wife and family 
Still had the praise for honesty. 


While on this earth he did remain, 
There was no mortal could him stain ; 
When things sublimer did him tire, 
He long'd to meet the heaven's empire. 
Then Jesus came and bade him rise, 
His soul with Him to pierce the skies ; 
Ever to court the King of kings 
With those that hallelujah sings." 


The cathedral of Brechin was founded by David I. about the 
year 1150. The chancel was destroyed at the Reformation : the 
western portion of the nave has long been used as the parish 
church. Within the cathedral rest the remains of the Rev. William 
Guthrie, minister of Fen wick, an eminent sufferer in the cause of 
Presbyterianism. ' Eldest son of the Laird of Pitforthie in this 
parish, he was born in 1620, and prosecuted his studies at the 
University of St. Andrews. Licensed to preach in 1642, he was, 
after being sometime employed as a tutor, ordained minister of 
Mauchline, in November, 1644. Refusing to submit to Episcopacy 
he was deprived by Archbishop Burnet, of Glasgow, in 1634. He 
died at Brechin on the 10th October, 1665, in the forty-fifth year of 
his age and twenty-first of his ministry. A powerful and eloquent 
divine, multitudes flocked to his ministrations. His work " The 
Christian's Great Interest," has obtained wide acceptance, and has 
been translated into French, German, and other languages. 

In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates six hundred per- 
sons who died of the pestilence in 1647. It is inscribed thus : 

" Luna quater crescens 
Sexcentos peste peremptos, 
Disce mori ! vidit, 
Pulvis et umbra sumus." 

The burial-place of William Ramsay Maule, Baron Paninure, is 


denoted by a lofty granite obelisk. At the base of the column is 
the following inscription. Erected by the people to the memory of 
the Eight Honourable William, Baron Panmure, of Brechin and 
Navar, born 27th October, 1771, died 13th April, 1852, whose 
motto and action was " Live and let live." 

The Honourable William Eamsay Maule, afterwards Baron 
Panmure, was second son of George, eighth Earl of Dalhousie. 
Consequent on the settlement of his grand-uncle, he obtained pos- 
session of the Panmure estates on the demise of his father, which 
took place in 1787. He entered the House of Commons in 1796, 
and continued to represent the county of Forfar, till 1831, when 
he was called to the Upper House as Baron Panmure. Succeeding 
to a princely inheritance when he was young, and at a period 
when social festivities were conducted in a manner now happily 
unknown, Mr. Maule was at the outset of his career chiefly known 
for his strange escapades and extravagant drollery. Latterly he 
was a pattern of benevolence, and a munificent benefactor and 
patron of county institutions. 

A small tombstone commemorates Alexander Laing, author of 
" Wayside Flowers," a volume of interesting poetry. Laing died 
at Brechin, on the 14th October, 1857, in his seventieth year. 
Several of his songs have obtained an honoured place in the 
national minstrelsy. 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Eev. John 
Gillies, who died minister of the parish, on the 1st March, 1853, 
aged seventy-two. He was grandfather of Adam Gillies, a Senator 
of the College of Justice, and of Dr. John Gillies, author of " The 
History of Greece." 

Within a mortuary enclosure, a memorial stone denotes the 
resting-place of the Eev. David Lyell, minister of the parish, who 


died loth July, 1854, aged eighty-six, and of that of his wife, the 
Hon. Catherine, daughter of John, seventh Viscount Arbuthnot, 
who died 16th December, 1853, aged sixty-five. 

From tombstones in the churchyard we have these rhymes : 

"As our shorter day of light, 

Our day of life posts on ; 
Both show a long course to the night, 

But both are quickly run. 
Both have their night, and when that spreads 

Its black wing o'er the day, 
There's no more work, all take their beds, 

Of feathers or of clay. 
Chuse then before it be too late, 

For choice with life will end ; 
Eemember on thy choice thy fate, 

Thy good or ill depends." 

" This stone doth hold these corps of mine, 

While I ly buried here ; 
None shall molest nor wrong this stone, 

Except my friends that's near. 
My flesh and bones lyes in Earth's womb, 

Until Judgment do appear ; 

And then I shall be raised again, 

To meet my Saviour dear." 


On the south wall of the parish church a marble tablet in 
memory of the Eev. Patrick Bryce and his wife is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of the Eevd. Patrick Bryce, 45 years minister df 
this parish, a sincere Christian, a faithful pastor, devout, charitable, 
and upright. He recommended that religion which he taught, by 
a peculiar mildness and simplicity of manner. Conscientious in 
the discharge of every relative duty, beloved, honoured, and univer- 
sally respected, he died in the humble hope of afar nobler inheri- 


tance beyond the grave, 21 June 1816, in his eighty-fourth year. 
Also Mary Aitken, his wife, who closed a well-spent life in the 
same hopes of a blessed immortality, 19 Sep. 1801, aged seventy- 
two. A tribute of filial love and respect from their only child and 
affectionate daughter." 

These metrical inscriptions are from different tombstones : 

" When death's darts did approach so near, 
We parted with our children dear ; 
And for them we had this respect- 
This monument we did erect." 

" Now cruel death hath us all -three 

Eight soon his captives made ; 
And by his mighty arm you see, 
Down in the grave hath laid." 

" He who was sober, just, and good, 

And fam'd for piety, 
No panygeric now doth need, 

His praise to amplify. 
His memory on earth is blest, 

His soul with glory crown'd ; 
His body here shall rest in peace 

Till the last trumpet sound." 

" Let marble monuments record 
Their fame, who distant lands explore, 
This humble stone points out the place 
Where sleeps a virtuous, ancient race. 
Their sire possess'd ye neighbouring plain, 
Before Columbus cross'd the main ; 
And tho' ye world may deem it strange, 
His son, contented, seeks no change, 
Convinc'd wherever man may roam, 
He travels only to the Tomb." 

" Here, gentle reader, o'er this dust 
We crave a tear, for here doth rest 
A Father, Husband, and a Friend, 
In him those three did finely blend. 


Worn by disease, and rack'd with pain, 
Physicians' aid was all in vain, 
Till God, in his great love, saw meet 
To free him from his sorrows great. 
How wonderful, how vast his love, 
Who left the shining realms above; 
How much for lost mankind he bore, 
Their peace and safety to restore." 


In the parish churchyard is the burial aisle of the noble House 
of Ail-lie. Several marble tablets are thus inscribed 

" Erected by David, Seventh Earl of Airlie, in kind and dutiful 
remembrance of his Parents, Brother, and Uncle: 

" In memory of David, Fifth Earl of Airlie, who died at Cortachy 
Castle 3d March, 1803, aged seventy-eight. His Lordship, in the 
generous enthusiasm of youth, joined the Chevalier at Edinburgh in 
October, 1745, with a regiment of six hundred men, and continued 
loyal and true to his cause. He afterwards entered the French 
service, in which he obtained the rank of Lieutenant-GeneraL In 
1 778 His Majesty, George the Third, was pleased to restore him to 
his country and estates, where his true nobleness and kindness of 
disposition will long be held in respectful and affectionate 

" In memory of Walter, Sixth Earl of Airlie, a most respected 
and venerable nobleman, who died at Cortachy Castle on the 10th 
of April, 1819, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. And of Jane, 
his Countess, a worthy and beneficent lady, who died on the llth 
of June, 1818, aged fifty-six." 

" In memory of Captain John Ogilvy, of the First Regiment of 
Foot, a brave and promising officer, who died at Berbice on the 
24th August, 1809, in the twenty-sixth year of his age, greatly 
beloved and lamented." 


" In memory of Clementina, Countess of Airlie, who died in 
London on the 1st of September, 1835, in the forty-first year of her 
age, and whose mortal remains are here interred. As a most dutiful 
and affectionate wife, and a mother, she was a pattern to her sex, 
in all duty and affection ; to the poor and needy a bountiful, con- 
siderate, and unwearied friend ; and, after giving an edifying 
example of devout resignation to the Divine will under many and 
long protracted sufferings, she departed this life in the faith of a 
crucified and risen Redeemer, universally beloved, honoured, and 
lamented. Erected by her bereaved, sorrowful, and devoted 
husband, David, Earl of Airlie." 

" Sacred to the memory of Margaret Bruce, Countess of Airlie, 
who departed this life at Brighton, Sussex, on the 18th of June, 
1S45, aged thirty-nine, having given birth to twin sons on the 16th 
of the same month. The Countess left four sons to her attached 
husband, David, Earl of Airlie, by whom this tablet is erected in 
grateful memory of an affectionate wife. Interred here 9th of 
July, 1845." 

"By David Graham Drummond, Eighth Earl of Airlie, this 
tablet is erected, in grateful and dutiful remembrance of his father, 
David, Seventh Earl of Airlie. His kindness of heart and con- 
sideration for others won for him the love and esteem of those 
among whom he lived, and a place in the hearts of his people, 
whose welfare was his chief object. He died 20th August, 1849, in 
the sixty-fifth year of his age, after a long and painful illness, 
which he bore with Christian patience and fortitude." 

" Sacred to the memory of Maria, wife of the Hon. Donald 
Ogilvy of Clova, who departed this life, at Leamington Priors, on 
the 9th of April, 1843, aged fifty-two years." 

" In memoriam David Ogilvv, nat, 10th April A.D. 1826 ; ob. 
20th July A.D. 1857." 



Within the parish church, a handsome mural cenotaph comme- 
morates David Scott, Esq., of Dunninald. It is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of David Scott, Esquire, of Dunninald, in this county, 
who closed a valuable and well-spent life on the 4th day of 
October, 1805, aged fifty-nine. His ardent desire to enlarge the 
sphere of his benevolence led him to forego the ease of indepen- 
dence, and those social enjoyments for which the sensibility of his 
heart was peculiarly formed, and to embrace the more arduous 
cares of public life. His native county experienced the full 
bene6t of his unwearied services as one of her representatives in 
successive Parliaments, and the records of the East India Company 
amply attest the zeal, talent, and integrity with which, for many 
years, he directed the affairs of that great commercial body. After 
a severe and lingering illness, bonje with manly fortitude and 
Christian resignation, though greatly aggravated in its progress by 
the loss of the best of wives and worthiest of women, he sunk 
depressed to the same grave with her who had most endeared life, 
and soothed its suffering. 

" In pious memory of their parental affection, their mutual attach- 
ment and congenial virtues, this monument is erected by their 
afflicted son.'" 

David Scott was succeeded in his estates by his only son David, 
who as heir to his uncle Sir James Sibbald, Bart., became a 
baronet, and assumed the name of Sibbald The son of this gentle- 
man, Sir James Sibbald David Scott, Bart, is the present owner of 
the estate. 

In the interior of the church a memorial tablet commemorates 
Peter Arkley, Esq., of Dunninald, born September, 16th, 1786, and 
died 31st December, 1825. Mr. Arkley was a zealous promoter of 
agriculture, and was held in high esteem for his patriotic 

Near the pulpit a monument commemorates Hercules Ross, Esq, 
of Rossie, who died 24th December, 1816, aged seventy-two, and 
Henrietta Parish, his wife, who died 14th June, 1811, aged forty- 
three; also several members of their family. The Ross family 
burial-place is on the north side of the church. 


Memorial slabs commemorate Lieutenant-General Daniel Colqu- 
houn, who died 17th November, 1848; also other members of the 
House of Luss. 

By a plain tablet is commemorated John Turnbull, of Stracathro 
and Smithiehill, who died 10th October, 1693, aged sixty-three; 
he made a bequest for behoof of the poor. 

In the picturesque churchyard of St. Skeoch rest the remains of 
James Brewster, Rector of the Grammar School of Jedburgh ; 
father of Sir David Brewster, the distinguished philosopher 
(Vol. I., 246). 


The old parish church constitutes the burial-place of the family 
of Erskine, of Dun. Sir John Erskine, of Dun, Superintendent of 
Angus, and a zealous promoter of the Reformation, died at Dun, 
but his place of sepulture is unmarked. The estate of Dun came 
into the noble family of Kennedy by the marriage in 1793 of 
Archibald, first Marquis of Ailsa, with Margaret, second daughter 
of John Erskine, of Dun. The Marquis is buried in the family 
aisle ; he died 8th September, 1846, aged seventy-six. The Mar- 
chioness, who died in 1848, rests in the same vault. 

From tombstones in Dun parish churchyard we have the fol- 
lowing rhymes : 

" Within this grave I do both lie and rest, 
Because the Lord perfumed y e grave at first ; 
May when I rise unto me Christ grant this, 
To be with him in his eternal bliss." 

" Under this stone do sweetly rest 
A woman pious, virtuous, and chaste ; 
Who in her life performed two duties great, 
A careful Mother and a Loving Mate." 



" This woman here in hope doth rest, 
Again to rise and be for ever blest ; 
After this life we purpose here to lie, 
And rise and reign with her eternally. 

" Under this stone three mortals do remain, 
Till Christ shall come and raise them up again ; 
Altho" by death they be in Prison cast, 
The Prince of Life will raise them up at last, 
And give them life, which no more will decay, 
And habitation which wasteth not away." 

" Whoever him bethought 
Seriously and oft, 
What it were to flit 
From his death-bed to the pit ; 
There to suffer pain 
Never to cease again ; 
Would not commit one sin, 
The whole world to win." 

" When silver bands of nature burst, 

And let the building fall, 
The blest goes down to mix with dust, 

Its first original. 
The tyrant death he triumphs here, 

His trophies spread around ; 
And heaps of dust and bones appear 

Through all the hollow ground." 


The burying-ground, styled the Howff, is situated in the centre 
of the town. Anciently the garden of the Franciscan Monastery, it 
was in 1564 granted to the burgh by Queen Mary. Substantially 
enclosed in 1601, the tombs of the more opulent were thereafter 
raised against the walls. 


Among the gravestone inscriptions iu the Howff, many of which 
are no longer traceable, were the following : 

" Heir restis ane honorabile Baronne, Jhone Kynneir of yat ilk, 
quha departit out of this mortal lyf at Dundee, the 21st day of June, 
1584, and of his age the 63 year." 

"Monumentum sepulturse, viri amplissimo honore, prgeclara erudi- 
tione, et multis in vita eximiis virtutibus ornati, D. Davidis Kin- 
loch ab Aberbrothie, regum Magnee Britannise et Francise inedici 
peritissiml ; quorum diplomatis et sigillis gentis suae et familise. 
Nobilitas luculenter testata et comprobata est. Obitt decimo Sep- 
tenibris, anno salutis humanse 1617. ^Etatis suas 58." 

" Kinnalochi proavos et avitee stemmata gentis 
Clara inter proceres, haec monumenta probant 
Magnus ab his cui surgit honos : sed major ab arte 
Major ab ingenio gloria parta venit." 

Across one of the central walls a gravestone is inscribed as fol- 
lows : 

" Heir lys ane godlie and honest man, Johne Koche, Braberier 
and Bvrges of Dvndie, qvha departit this lyfe the 10 of Febrvar, 
1616 yeirs, being of age 43 yeiris. Vith his spovs Evfiane Pye, 
qva hes cavsit this to be made in rememberance of him. And 
thair 14 bearnes." 

On the gravestone of Thomas Simson, dated 1579, are these 
lines : 

" Man tak hed to me hov thov sal be 

Qvhan thov art dead 
Drye as a trie, verms sal eat ye ; 

Thy great booti sal be lik lead. 
Y e time hath bene in my zoot grene, 

That I ves clene of bodie as ye are, 
Byt for my eyen, nov tvo holes bene, 

Of me is sene, but - benes bare." 

A monument is thus inscribed : 


212 KnKKAUSlIlKK. 


George Roger was father of Bailie William Roger, merchant, who 
bequeathed, in 1659, one-half of his real and personal estate for the 
education and training of "seven poor male children " within the 
burgh. His widow, Euphan Man, established a Merchants' Widows 
Fund at Dundee.* 

Walter Coupar, tailor, who died 25th December, 1628, aged fifty- 
two, is thus commemorated : 

" Kynd comorades heir Coupar's corps is layd, 
Waltir by name, a tailzourto his trayde, 
Both kynd and trew, and stvt and honest-heartit 
Condole vith me that he so soon depairtit, 
For I avow he never weyld a sheir 
Had better pairts nor he that's bvriet heir." 

Mr. Andrew Scheppert, minister of Benvie, has thus celebrated 
his father, who died 13th November, 1641 : 

" Nathaniel's heart, Bezaleel's hand, 

If ever any had ; 
Then boldly may ye say, had he 
Who lieth in this bed." 

Captain Alexander Baxter has in the following stanzas commemo- 
rated his daughter Katharine, who died 20th March, 1632, aged 
seventeen : 

" Stay, passenger no more for marvels seek, 
Among their many monuments of death, 

For here a demi-Scot, a demi-Greek 

Doth lie, to whom the Cretan Isle gave breath ; 

And is not (this) a wonder, is it not ? 

Her birth and burial to be so remote. 

" So falls by winter blasts a virgin rose ; 

For blotlees, spotless, blameless did she die ; 
As many virtues nature did disclose 
In her, as oft in greatest age we see. 

* See "Scottish Branch of the Houhe of Eoger," p. 23. 


Ne'er Jason glori'd more in the golden fleece 
Than her brave sire in bringing her from Greece." 

A tombstone without date in memory of Thomas Maule was 
inscribed thus : 

" Desideratissimo suo per annos 2G in matrimonio compari, magis- 
tro Thomae Maule, doctori medico, insigniter felice ; de sum mis 
juxta ac infirmis in hac urbe et tota ejus vicina, etiam de compluri- 
bus vitae nobilitatis viris, optime merito; latine, graece, gallice 
sciente, astronomiae preceptis haud leviter imbuto; pietatis in Deum, 
justitiae in proxiinum eximio cultori." 

The monument of James Fraser bears the following epitaph : 

" Jacobus Fraserius, vir domi forisque clarus, et de popularibus 
optime meritus, parentibus et affinibus, pro reconditorio suo, hoc 
erigendum curavit. 

" Jacobi Fraserii, viri clarissimi, elogium 
Annosam inatrem cura qui perpete fovit ; 
Defuncto hunc patri constituit tumuluiu ; 
Germanos opibus juvit, charasque sorores; 
Anchora cognatis, portus et aura suis 
Qui captivorum sortem miseratus iniquam 
Eripuit duro languida colla jugo. 
Christicolas inter Turcasque interpres amicus 
Quern pietas coluit, barbaries timuit 
Usu multiplici rerum, virtute et honore, 
Divitiis, priscos nobilitavit avos." 

Bailie George Brown, mortally wounded at the siege of the town 
by General Monk in 1651, is commemorated thus : 

" Monumentum Georgii Brouni, Deidonani praetoris meritissimi ; 
qui hoc praeturae munere per decennium feliciter defunctus, undi- 
que pugnando lethaliter ab hostibus vulneratus : quibus vulneribus 
per martem languidus, mortem naturae debitum, pro civitate et 
patria, reddidit 2do nona Octobris, anno Dom. 1651. ^Etatis sexa- 

The merits of Alexandro Milne, magistrate, are thus described 
by his son : 

" Patri optimo Alexandro Milne, saepius in hac urbe praetura 
cum laude defuncto, tandem anno aetatis siue (J8, Bom. 1651. Vita 


f'uncto, monumentum hoc magister Alexander Milne filius erigen- 
duni curavit. 

" Kelligio, nivei mores, pruclentia, candor 
In Milno radiis enituere suis : 
Consule quo, i'elix republica ; judice, felix 
Curia, et sedili res sucra semper erat." 

The monument of Alexander Wedderburn of Easter- Powrie, 
Provost and member of Parliament, was thus inscribed : 

" Conditur hoc tumulo Alexander Wedderburn, dominus de 
Easter Pourie, familise suse princeps ; nuperrime huic urbi pnefec- 
tus ; ejusdem, ad Parliameutum primum suDremi Domini nostri 
regis Caroli 2di delegatus. Obiit 9 die Aprilis, anno Dom. 1683, 
oatatis 68. Hie etiam conquiescunt ossa Elisabeths Ramsay, illius 
prinii amoris uxoris, filiae unicae Joannis Ramsay, fratris domini 
de Murie, hujusque urbis olim prsetoris quae obiit 2 die mensis 
Aprilis, 1643. ^Etatis 22. 

The following epitaph adorns the monument of Andrew Arch- 
bald, a noted surgeon : 

"Monumentum Andrese Archbald, lithotomi insignis qui obiit 
pridie Septembris, anno salutis humanse 1662, aetatis suae 67. 
Ejusdem itidem conjugis Catherine Pourese amantissimse. 

" Hie situs Andreas Archbaldus, candidus, arte 
Lithotomus, gratis qui tulit almus opem 
Pauperibus ; sacri verbi memor usque tonantis 
Qui panem gelidis mittere mandat aquis. 
Lithotomi multi, tentantes tollere morbuni 
Huic pro uno incolumi, mille dedere neci. 
Dum vixi, studui morbum quam calculi acerbum 
Tollere ; sic summus sensit et imus opem. 
Hie jacet Archbaldus, cautus qui et usque peritus 
Sanavit multos ; nullaque causa necis 
Haec conjunx, cui liquit opes, monumenta marito 
Erigit hie, scriptis quae super ossa notis 
Nomina forte rogas, lector ; Catherina Puraea 
Dicitur ; hsec veie pura quod usque fuit. 
M Mors solet, innumeris, Morbis, corrumpere vitam M 
O Omnia mors rostro devorat usque suo : 

R Rex, princeps,sapiensseRvus,stultus, miser, aeger R 
S Sis quicunque veliS, pulvis et umbra sumus. S." 


David Yeman, merchant, and his wife, Margaret Pourie, had their 
monument thus inscribed : 

" Pareutibus delectissimis, Davidi Yeman mercatori, notae integ- 
ritatis viro ; necnon Margaretae Purae, uxori amantissimae ; Patri- 
cius Yeman mercator, filius, hoc monumentum cadendum curavit 
parentavitque. Pater decessit die 4 mensis Maii, anno 1654. 
^Etatis suas 48, mater vero 31 Decembris 1669. 

" Davidus est tumulus Yemani ; ubi sede quiescit 
Hac placide, et charse conjugis ossa jacent; 
Sobrius ut prudens, dictis jucundus amaenis, 
Innocuus, nota est intaminata fides. 
Vita Deoque placens ; uxoris maxima cura, 
Usque viri cupiens stringere signa pedum ; 
Nunc ccelo gaudent ; animos ubi nulla fatigat 
Cura, sed est lux, pax, gloria, plena, quies." 

Patrick Gourlay, Town Clerk, was commemorated thus : 

" Monumentum probi acspectatse integritatis viri, magistri Patricii 
Gourlay, scribae publici curiae Taoduni ; hac in arte a negotiis ridelis- 
simi; qui laxato vinculo corporeo humanitus naturae cessit 17 cal. 
Januarii, anno domini 1667. ^Etatis suae 47. Ejusdem itidem 
Marjoriae Anderson, conjugis amantissimae. 

" Hie animo tranquillus erat librarius omni 
Notus ut ingenuua, sic probitatis amans ; 
In vita, hoc semper signis testatus apertis 
Ulterius calamum dum manus segra negat ; 
Sedulus arte sua, prudens, mitisque fidelis ; 
Sic fragilis vitae munere functus obit 
Conjunx cui et natus, cupiens insistere patris 
Vestigiis, curant haec monuinenta strui." 

By his widow Marjory Watson, Bailie Andrew Forrester is cele- 
brated as follows : 

" Monumentum hoc sepulchrale marmoreum mauceolum Andreae 
Forresteri Taoduni praetoris praeclari, que in officio praeturae Diem 
obiit July 8, 1671. ^Etatis 34. In amoris testimonium, unica et 
selecta conjunx Marjoria Watson superstes caedendum curavit. 

" Transmisi ad superos animam ; sed putre cadaver, 

Quod vides inglorium ; 

Tale Christus reddet vindex, quale extulit orcu 
Ad co3lites denuo redux." 


These lines commemorate George Forrester, Dean of Guild, who 
died 3rd January, 1673: 

" Forrestmis consul Taoduni, flore juventa? 
Surreptus subito, conditur hoc tumulo ; 
Integer, exornans Spartam, pietatis amator, 
Pneluxit cunctis et decus urbis erat : 
Exemplar vitae nobis insigne reliquit 
Exemplar, lector, nobile clisce sequi." 

The monument of Provost Scrymgeour was inscribed thus : 

" Memoriae spectatissimi patris Joannis Scrymsouri, mercatoris 
ac consulis Taodunensis ; qui vitam cum morte commutavit mensis 
Augusti, anno Dom. 1657. ^Etatis suaj 46. Et dilectissimi fratris 
magistri Gulielmi Scryinsouri, verbi divini praeconis ; qui obiit 14 
Septembris, anno aerae Christiana; 1666. JEtatis suse 25. Necnoii 
charisissimi matris Katberinae Wrighteae, adhuc superstitis, univer- 
saeque nostrae prosapiae, hoc mausoleum exsculpi curavit, parentavit- 
que filius, Joannes Scrymsourus, junior. 

" Hie situs est consul Scrymsourus, lux Taoduni, 
Consule quo poterat Eorna vetusta regi ; 
Filius hie primus, Gulielmus, pneco fidelis 
Divini verbi, contumulatur humi. 
Consors chara tori vivens, natusque superstes 
Corpora post mortem sic tumulanda rogant. 

" Obiit pientissima ac charissima mater Catharina Wright, Maii 
30, 1675. Starts suae 62." 

Henry Craufurd of Seatoun, merchant and magistrate, is thus 
commemorated : 

" Sub hoc cippo, contumulantur ossa et cineres spectatissimi viri, 
D. Henrici Crauford a Seatoun, mercatoris peritissimi, praetoriaque 
dignitate inclytae civitatis Taodunensis merito condecorati ; qui 
curriculi vitae 32 annos, cum conjuge dilectissima Margareta Dun- 
muire, feliciter transegit : tandemque niagno omnium bonorum 
maerori 9 die mensis Julii, anno aerse Christianas 1684. vEtatisque 
suae 56. Fatis concessit. 

" Optimus ille patrum, jacet hac sub mole sepultus; 
Secula cui similem vix peperere virum. 
Singula si penses, nil non mirabile cernes 
Nam blando charites hue aluere sinu ; 
Huic Deus attribuit quo3cunque dat omnibus imi : 
Et tandem meritis praemia digna tulit 


Nempe adamavit, habet, crompressit, protulit, intrat, 
Virtutem, pacem, murmura, vera, poluin." 

The monument of James Balfour, bailie, was inscribed as 
follows : 

" Jacobum Balfurium, praetorem Deidonanum aequissimum, pru- 
dentia, vitae integritate illustrein, sub hoc cippo, sepeliri nosces. 
Ad annum 73 vixit, mense Decembris decessib 1686. Jonetam 
Kinneries dilectam conjugem, virtute summa et probitate insignem 
hie contumulari cernes ; quae obiit mense Octob. 1685. Anno 
fetatis SUSB 74. 

"Praetorem insignem tumulari hoc marmore nosces 

jEquurn ac ingenuum, judicioque gravem, 

Conjnge cum chara ; gravitasque modestia cujus 

Vitam condecorat, sobrietasque decor. 

Spe, meritis Christi, clauserunt lurnina morte 

In ccelis, queis sunt gaudia, vera quies." 

The epitaph of Alexander Wedderburn of Blackness, Town 
Clerk, is brief and pointed : 

" Hie jacet D. Alexander Wedderburn, dominus de Blackness ; 
civitatis Taodunanae secretarius dignissimus ; qui obiit 18 Novem- 
bris, 1676, setatis suae 66." 

Robert Davidson, merchant and bailie, who fell at the siege of 
the town in 1651, is, with his wife, Grizel Man, commemorated 
thus : 

" Monumentum Eoberti Davidson, prcetoris vigilantissirni ; qui 
dum fortitier et magnanimiter, urbis oppugnatione, dimicabat, 
lethaliter ab hostibus vuliieratus, pro civitate et suis vitam reddidit. 
Cal. Septembris, anno salutis humanas M D C L I. Ejusdem itidem 
conjugis amantissimae Grissellae Mannae, quse obiit MDCLXIIIT. 
sexagesimo secundo. 

" Praetor Davidides, hac qui requiescit in urna 
Turn virtute potens, turn fuit urbis honos ; 
Pro qua non timuit cum sanguine fundere vitam : 
Urbe etenim capta nil nisi dulce mori. 
Urbis honos, genitor ; sic filius urbis et orbis 
Gloria, marmoreum qui dedit hunc tuinulum. 

Aliud in eundem. 


Pro patria Codrus qui se dedit, anni beatus 
Dicitur ? et merito nemo negare queat. 
Praetor Davidides igitur num jure beatus ? 
Pro urbe etenim moriens, fama perennis erit." 

The monument of Robert Davidson, younger, of Balgay, has this 
epitaph : 

"Roberto Davidsono, j union, Balgaiae comarcho et mercatore ; 
viro integritate vitae, prudentia industriaque inter Deidonauos 
concives, adinodum conspicuo : qui saepe praeturain, surnmo cum 
amore et lands gessit. Obiit calendas Augusti 1665. ^Etatis suae 
50. Cui dilecta uxor Grisselis Broun superstes adhuc, hie con- 
tumulanda, hoc caedendum curavit, anno 1672. 

"Davididem eernes celebrem recubrare comarchum 
Marmoreo hoc tumulo ; munia celsa tulit 
Praetoris clari qui summa laude suorum 
Decessit, prudens, sobrius, innocuus ; 
Mente sagax, alacer vultu, venerabile morum 
Exemplar dormit, jussa timore colens ; 
Cui conjunx dilecta sibi vult carmina coedi 
Hac fossa ut secum contumuletur humL" 

These lines celebrate Margaret Ramsay, spouse of Andrew 
Mureson, who died 26th May, 1666 : 

" Stay trav'ller ; notice, who entomb'd here lyes, 
One that was virt'ous, chaste, and very wise. 
Good to the poor ; still liv'd a godly life, 
Both first and last since she became a wife. 
To quarrel death, for her change, were but vain, 
For death spares neither godly nor profane ; 
To say she's chaug'd were but a foolish story, 
If not to live eternally in glory." 

On tombstones in the Howff are the following rhymes : 

" Farewell, dear babe, thy little sun 
Has soon indeed its circle run ; 
Serene and bright it fled away, 
A short but yet a cloudless day." 

" The child of youth, the man of age, . 

Here undi.stiugui.shed lie, 
We plainly see by Heaven's decree 
That every age must die." 


" From earth we'll turn our longing eyes, 
To regions far beyond the skies ; 
Oh fit us for that West abode, 
Where dwells our Father and our God." 

" Free from this dream of life, this maze of care, 
The tender mother rests and friend sincere ; 
She followed virtue as her truest guide, 
Liv'd like a Christian like a Christian died." 

" Faith without works is dead, the Scripture saith ; 
Show me thy works, and thou wilt show thy faith 
Both faith and works in this blest saint did tryst, ' 
And show unto the world his right in Christ." 

" When death doth come in its full rage, 

It spares not young nor old, 
But cuts them down at every age ; 

It will not bribe with gold. 
Take warning then all ye 

Who read this passing by, 
And learn to live so that ye 

Be not afraid to die." 

Within the fabric of the four churches a tablet formerly com- 
memorated James Halyburton, of the family of Pitcur, Provost of 
the burgh. It was inscribed as follows : 

" Hie situs est Jacobus Halyburtonus, patruns nobilis viri r 
Georgii Halyburton de Pitcur, militis, qui praefecturam Deidoni 
urbanam fauciter annos 33 gessit. Obiit anno Dom. 1588. 
suse 70. 

( Alecti 
( Prsefectus 

Patrise j Pupilli 
Vindex { Tutor 

Ecclesise lesu 

Alumnus Fuit, 

isu 1 

r uit. J 

Provost Halyburton was a zealous upholder of the Reformation. 
His father, who was also chief magistrate of Dundee, was one of 
the first to join the Protestant Assembly held at St. Andrews in 
June, 1559. In attempting, along with the Earl of Arran and Lord 
James Stewart, afterwards the Regent Moray, to rout a party of 


Frenchmen at Leith, he fell mortally wounded. Provost Haly- 
burton's monument was effaced in 1841, when the churches \\ ( it- 
destroyed by fire. 

In the cemetery a suitable memorial stone denotes the resting- 
place of William Thorn, the Inverury poet. This ingenious but 
unfortunate person was born at Aberdeen in 1789. Bred as a 
handloom weaver he often suffered from stagnation in trade, but 
more frequently from his own unsteadiness. For a period he 
carried a pack ; he at other times derived a precarious subsistence 
as an itinerant flute-player. His poetical abilities at length found 
him a patron; he was brought to London, and introduced to 
important literary circles. Pecuniary tributes to his genius 
came from all quarters. But the poet's habits were unsuited 
to his new sphere. He returned to Scotland and settled at Dundee, 
in a condition of penury. He died on the 29th February, 1848 ; 
his tombstone was reared by the admirers of his genius. 

In the cemetery rest the remains of Thomas Dick, LL.D., author 
of " The Christian Philosopher." This estimable gentleman was 
born in Dundee on the 24th November, 1774. Studying at the 
University of Edinburgh, he became a probationer of the Secession 
Church, and for some time ministered at Stirling. He afterwards 
conducted an educational establishment in the city of Perth. In 
his 63rd year he retired from his scholastic duties, and erected a 
villa and observatory at Broughty Ferry. There he continued to 
reside till his death, which took place on the 29th July, 1857, in 
his 83rd year. Dr. Dick's philosophical works, eminently adapted 
for general circulation, obtained wide acceptance, both in Britain 
and America ; yet, from his arrangements with his publishers, he 
failed to realize a corresponding profit. Latterly he enjoyed a 
pension on the Civil List. 

Tombstones in the cemetery exhibit the following rhymes : 

" They arras-like came forth in bloom, 

But soon they did decay ; 
For (lot! in his appointed time 
Did take them all awav.' 


" The grave, whatever thy degree, 
Thy final resting-place must be, 
What matters it, if few or more, 
The years which our frail nature bore." 

" I pass with melancholy state, 
By all these solemn heaps of fate ; 
And think as soft and sad I tread 

Above the venerable dead, 
Time was, like me they life possessed, 
And time will be, when I shall rest." 

In St. Peter's churchyard a monument denotes the resting-place 
of the Eev. Robert Murray McCheyne, minister of St. Peter's 
church. This earnest evangelist was born at Edinburgh, on the 
21st May, 1813. Licensed to preach in 1835, he was in November 
of the following year ordained to the pastorate of St. Peter's 
church. Through the fervour of his public services crowds were 
attracted to his ministry. In 1839 he proceeded to Palestine, on 
a deputation from the General Assembly. He died, after a short 
illness, on the 25th March, 1843. His memoirs and literary 
remains have obtained wide acceptance. 

In Baxter Park, an elegant statue of Sir David Baxter, Bart., 
has been reared by the contributions of 17,000 persons. Sir David 
is represented in a standing posture, with a plan of the Park in his 
hands, as if in the act of presenting it to the town. 


A sculptured cross near Eassie old church was recovered from 
the channel of a neighbouring stream. The cross is covered with 
circles, and on one side is a procession of figures in priestly vest- 
ments, with animals wreathed and consecrated as if for sacrifice. 


Within the walls of the old church a mutilated tombstone, 
bearing the arms of L'Amy and Forbes, is inscribed thus : 

.... IOANNIS . . AMMEE, qvondam de Dvnkennie, qvi obiit 26 
die mensis Septembar D.L : 1603 : C. F. 

The estate of Dunkenny has belonged to the family of L'Amy 
for three centuries. 

In the area of Nevay old church a mutilated tombstone com- 
memorates theTyries, of Nevay, an ancient House, which possessed 
the estate of Drumkilb.o. 

Lieutenant David Barren, K.N., has in Nevay churchyard thus 
celebrated his wife and sons : 

"Oft shall sorrow heave my breast, 
Whilst my dear Margaret lies at rest ; 
Oft shall reflection bring to view, 
The happy days I've spent with you." 

" Jlere are repos'd two goodly youths, 

Which loving brothers were ; 
Endued with grace beyond their years, 

And virtues very rare. 
Such was their life that we may hope, 

They're gone beyond the sky, 
To sing and spend, without an end, 

A sweet Eternity." 

In Eassie churchyard the tombstone of Thomas White, who died 
in 1665, bears this couplet. 

" We are bvt earth, and earth is bvt fvme; 
We are bvt novght, as novght we do consvme." 

A couplet not more classical in its construction is engraven on the 
tombstone of the Rev. Adam Davidson, minister of the parish, who 
died in 1720 : 

'His soul still breathed upward, and at last, 
Arrived above the mantle's here downcast." 


These rhymes are from different tombstones in Eassie church- 
yard : 

" Kemember man, that against Death 
There is not an antidote ; 
Be rich or poor, or what you may, 
You'll die and be forgot." 

" This man and his wife were diligent, 
And in their dealings just ; 
Whose every way was excellent, 
But now they ly in dust. 
Waiting till Christ come in the skies, 
With angels all around, 
Commanding them straight to rise 
And be with glory crown'd." 

" She honoured as she bore the Christian name, 
Her closet nourish'd her celestial flame; 
Her social hours with love and pleasure flew, 
The love no art, no guile the pleasure knew. 
Unclouded virtue shone thro' all her life 
The blameless virgin, and the faithful wife ; 
Long she endur'd affliction's sharpest pain, 
But turn'd her crosses into heavenly gain. 
All this her husband, and her son who witnessed this 

Go, live like her, and die for ever blest." 


An aisle attached to the parish church is the ancient burial-place 
of the Lindsays, of Edzell, members of the noble house of Craw- 
ford. The fragments of a tombstone bear the Lindsay arms, and 
are the only traceable memorials of the family. 

An altar tombstone commemorates James Duncan, and his wife 
Jean Michie, the parents of Jonathan Duncan, Esq., Governor of 
Bombay. The former died in \ 792 ; and the latter in 1795. 


These rhymes are from tombstones in Edzell churchyard: 

" Remember, man, as you pass by, 
That grave stone under which I ly, 
Read, and remember what I tell, 
That in the cold grave thou must dwell, 
The worms to be your company, 
Till the last trumpet set you free." 

" Reader, cease thy pace and stay, 
Hearken unto what we say ; 
As you are such once were we ; 
As we are such shall you be. 
Then provide whilst time you have, 
To come godly unto your grave." 


A short distance to the south of Kiunaird Castle is the burial 
vault of the noble House of Southesk. It contains a marble monu- 
ment to the memory of Sir James Carnegie, father of the present 
Earl of Southesk, who died 30th January, 1849, and several inscrip- 
tions commemorative of members of the family. 

In the churchyard a marble tablet celebrates " Dame Christian 
Doig, relict of Sir James Carnegie, Bart., of Southesk, who died 
4th November, 1820, aged 91 years." This gentlewoman was 
daughter of David Doig, of Cookston, near Brechin, by his wife 
the heiress of Symers of Balzeordie. 

In the old Parish Church a monument commemorates David 
Carnegy of Craigo, Dean of Brechin, with his wife and children ; 
it is thus inscribed : 

" Sepulchrum Mstri DAVIDIS CARNEGY de Craigo decani Brichinen, 
rectoris hujus ecclesia* qui primo fuit ecclesiastes Brechinen annos 
2, postea hujus ecclesia- ]>;ist.>r liiU-lisimus annos 36, qui placide 
ac pie in Domino obdormivit anno Dom. 1H72, jetatis siue 77. 


In hac urna simul cum eo recubant prior ejus uxor HELENA LINDE- 
SAY, ac decem eorum liberi. Placuit hie inscribere anagramma 
a seipso cornpositum. 


Grandis lesu, due me Gratia 


Dum digo in terris expectans Gaudia cceli, 
Me ducat semper tua Gratia, Grandis lesu." 

The lineal representative of Dean Carnegy, of Craigo, was in 
1856 succeeded in the family estate by his cousin, a son of Sir 
George McPherson Grant of Ballindalloch. 

By a granite monument is celebrated Robert Lyall, factor on the 
Southesk estates from 1817 to 1850 ; he was born 27th November, 
1778, and died 13th January, 1863. From an ancestor of this 
gentleman, who rented the farm of Carcary, in Farnell Parish, is 
descended Sir Charles Lyell, Bart., of Kinnordy, the celebrated 
geologist. The grandfather of Sir Charles was originally a trader in 
Montrose, and afterwards a purser in the navy; he purchased 
Kinnordy about the year 1780. 

From tombstones in Farnell church we have the following 
rhymes : 

" 'Tis here the fool, the wise, the low, the high, 
In mixed disorder, and in silence lie ; 
No more beneath life's weighty load he goes, 
But in this chamber finds a quiet repose. 
humbling thought, Pride must be thus disgrac'd, 
And all distinctions here at last effac'd." 

" When death doth come in his full rage, 

He spares not young nor old ; 
But cuts men down of any age 

He'U not be brib'd by Gold. 
Take warning then ye that may see, 

And read this passing by ; 
And learn so to live as ye 

May not be fear'd to die." 



" My bones in grave lie here below, 
A resting place have found, yet know, 
God hath a time when he'll me raise 
Eternally to sing his praise. 
Espoused I was to a husband dear, 
Liv'd with him five and twenty year ; 
Now children four I left him have, 
I rest in hope God will them save." 

" Death is the passage through which we go, 
It's just to all, spares neither rich nor low ; 
If all the virtues could have made it stand, 
Then here lies he who never one could brand 
With any vice or yet perjury : 
But it's ordained that all men once must die. 
As he lived Godly so he died in peace ; 
His fame survives an honour to his race." 

1 Here rest in hope of a most glorious life, 
A frugal husband and a faithful wife, 
Whose hearts were so united with divine love 
That death could not those sacred bonds remove. 
As rich perfumes broke up, as blown by wind, 
Do leave a lasting fragrant smell behind, 
So these blest souls now purg'd of earthly dross, 
Who on eternal love themselves repose, 
Have left on earth an obelisk of fame, 
A dear remembrance of their precious name." 

" Under this monument of stone, 
Lie both the father and the son ; 
Our nature's frail, we are made of dust, 
And to the earth return we must ; 
One part of man in ground doth ly, 
The other mounts above the sky. 

The immortal soul to God resigned, 
A happy union the rest to be, 
Even to all eternity. 

Remember man thou'rt made of nought ; 
Thou sold thyself, Christ hath thee bought, 
And ransom'd thee from death, the grave, 
Which to obtain his life He gave. 



Within the parish church marble cenotaphs celebrate several 
deceased persons of local eminence. Two tablets commemorate 
members of the family of Carnegie of Lower. The inscriptions are 
as follow : 

" H. M. H. S. Sacrum memorise PATRICII CARNEGY, armigeri de 
Lower, pronepotis Davidis, secundi Comitis de Northesk, qui iii. 
Id. Novem. MDCCXX. natus, Prid. Id. Novem. MDCCXCIX. obiit; 
et qui bonis et honestis rationibus rem familiarem, profusione ma- 
jor um pene perditain, suis posteris restituit." 

" H. M. H. S. Sacrum memoriae PATRICII CARNEGY, armigeri de 
Lower, qui vi. Kal. Mart. MDCCLVII. natus est, et morte patris 
Prid. Id. Novem. MDCCXCIX. paternam hsereditatem adiit. 
MARGARETAM, filiam Alexandri Bower, armigeri de Kincaldrum, 
duxit, quam cum octo filiis et quatuor filiabus ad mortem deplor- 
andam reliquit. 

" Positum a Patricio Carnegy, armigero de Lower, xiii. Kal. Sept. 

The wife of Patrick Carnegy, younger, was descended from a 
family of opulent merchants in Dundee. Patrick Carnegy of Lower, 
on succeeding in 1828 to the estates of Turin and Drimmie, assumed 
the name of Watson. In the churchyard he and his wife and son 
are thus commemorated : 

" Sacred to the memory of PATRICK WATSON CARNEGY, Esq., of 
Lower and Turin, who died at Lower, 3 Sept. 1838, aged 46 ; of Mrs. 
RACHEL ANNE FORBES, or CARNEGY his widow, who died at Edin- 
burgh, 16 Nov. 1852, aged 50, whose remains are interred here. 
And of JAMES-FORBES CARNEGY, who died at Hertsmonceaux, 
1 May, 1855, aged 17 years, whose remains are also interred here." 

By a marble tablet in the south-west of the church is commemo- 
rated Elizabeth Ross, only child of Francis Ross, of Auchlossan, 
and his wife Anne Carnegy. It is inscribed thus : 

"D. 0. M. S., et memoriae ELIZABETHS Ross, virginis forma 


venustse, at pietate et prudentia venustioris, Franc : Ross ah Auch- 
lossan et Annas Carnegy ex Alex. Carnegy et Ann Blair de Kin- 
fauns projenitae, gratae, unicae, quae 2 Octob., an. 1^05, vitammorta- 
lem ingressa 7 Decemb., 1732, ad immortalem recepta est. Marmor 
hoc mater et vitricus, Gul : Lyon a Carse, maerentes posuere." 

The following rhymes are from different tombstones in Forfar 
churchyard : 

" There is a time for all things : 
'Twill be yours. 

To weep, to tremble, to turn pale 
To die!" 

" Here lies my wife, when that she died, 
She left her husband most aggriev'd ; 
Her children sore do her lament, 
Grant that all mankind may repent." 

" The sting of death hath cut the breath, 

And rid the soul from pain, 
In heaven with Christ that we may rest, 
But not on earth again." 

" To wain the heart from unsubstantial gain, 
How long shall sage experience preach in vain ? 
How false, how frail, how fleeting all below ! 
Shall thoughtless man learn wisdom but in woe ? " 

" She left us young she died in early life ! 
The loving daughter, the endearing wife 
With all a mother's cherish'd hope she gave 
Birth to her child ; but found herself a grave ; 
Yet trusting the power of Sovereign grace, 
To sanctify and save she died in peace." 

" Here lies a true and honest man, 
Through labouring gained his bread, 
And in beneath this monument 
His friends they laid his head. 


Besides some of his children died, 
And all the rest shall come 
Unto their true and quiet rest 
Till Christ shall call them home." 

In St. John's Episcopal Church a monumental brass commemo- 
rates the Eev. John Skinner, Dean of Dunkeld, and minister of the 
church for forty-four years ; he was born 20th August, 1767, and 
died 2nd September, 1841. Dean Skinner was grandson of the 
Kev. John Skinner author of " Tullochgorum." His first wife, 
Elizabeth Ure, daughter of Provost Ure, died 12th May, 1820, 
aged forty-four; her remains were interred in the parish 
churchyard, where she is commemorated by a tombstone, erected 
by her husband and children. 

An elegant monument of white marble on the east wall of 
St. John's church celebrates Colonel Sir William Douglas, a 
descendant of the family of Douglas, of Glenbervie. It is thus 
inscribed : 

" In memory of Col. Sir WILLIAM DOUGLAS, K.C.B., this monu- 
ment is erected by his brother officers of the 91st, or Argyllshire 
Kegiment, as a tribute of their respect and esteem for his distin- 
guished services in the field, and amiable qualities in private life. 
He fell an early victim to the duties of his profession at Valen- 
ciennes in France, on the 23rd of Aug. 1818, aged forty-two years, 
universally regretted by the Army and all who knew him." 

The following epitaph is inscribed on the tombstone of Colonel 

" Sacred to the memory of Colonel BALFOUR-OGILVY, who died 
at Balaclava, 12th July, 1855, aged 44. He earned well-merited 
distinction by his gallant conduct oh the Danube and in the Crimea. 
A monument erected in the Valley of the Tchernaya, bears witness 
to the respect and affection felt towards him by his brother 

" Deus tuorum militum sors, et corona praemium." 

Colonel Ogilvy was a cadet of the House of Balfour in Orkney ; 
he married the heiress of Ogilvy of Tannadice. 


In the ruins of the Priory of Restennet were deposited the re- 
mains of John, son of King Robert the Bruce. The chancel, which 
remains entire, is used as a burial-place by the families of Dempster 
of Dunnichen and Hunter of Burnside. In the west of the chancel 
rest the remains of George Dempster, of Dunnichen, M.P., the cele- 
brated patriot and statesman. He was born about 1735. Having 
studied philosophy and law at the universities of St. Andrews and 
Edinburgh, he became a member of the Scottish bar. By the ex- 
penditure of 10,000 he succeeded in being returned member for 
the Fife and Forfar burghs. He retained his Parliamentary honours 
from 1762 to 1790. In the House of Commons he opposed the 
conflict with the American colonies, and as a director of the East 
India Company advocated a renunciation of all Sovereign rights in 
Hindostan. He obtained a special act for the protection and en- 
couragement of the Scottish Fisheries. On his retirement from 
Parliament he largely devoted himself to the improvement of hus- 
bandry. He associated with the more distinguished of his literary 
contemporaries. He died at Dunnichen, on the 13th February, 
1818, aged 86. In the estate of Dunnichen he is now represented 
by the descendant of his only sister. 

A cemetery at Forfar was opened in 1849 ; it occupies a portion 
of rising ground, on the highest point of which stands an elegant 
monument in honour of the late Sir Robert Peel. Reared in Greek 
architecture, it contains a bust of the great statesman. On a panel 
at the western base is the following inscription : 

" Erected by the inhabitants of Forfar in memory of SIR ROBERT 
PEEL, Baronet, Prime Minister of Great Britain, and in testimony 
of their gratitude for his exertions in obtaining the repeal of the 
Corn Laws. MDCCCLI." 

In the cemetery a monument reared " by an attached and mourn- 
ing flock " commemorates the Rev. William Clugston, A.M., 
minister of the parish, and subsequently of the Free Church, 
Forfar. This excellent clergyman was born 2nd July, 1793, and 
died 3rd March, 1857. 



At the east end of the church is the burial aisle of the ennobled 
House of Gray. A window of stained glass commemorates John, 
16th Lord Gray, who died 31st January, 1867, aged sixty-nine. 

Robert Begg, parochial schoolmaster, thus celebrates his departed 
wife ; she died in 1766, aged sixty-three. 

" When nature first my slender body fram'd, 
Within a living grave of dust enchain'd, 
She destined me that I at last should have, 
And change this mortal for a living grave. 
But tho' my body in this urn doth rest, 
In small and scatter'd particles disperst ; 
My soul, that heavenly substance and divine, 
Hath soar'd aloft into its native clime. 
Which afterwards shall with me reunite, 
And make our union lasting and complete. 
For ever then employed in singing glore 
To the eternal three in one for ever more." 


In front of the parish manse stands a sculptured stone, tradition- 
ally regarded as the monument of Malcolm II. On one side are 
figures of two men, a lion and a centaur, on the other are figures 
of fishes of different sorts. 

Within the plantation at Thornton, stands an obelisk sur- 
rounded by a cairn; it is believed to denote the spot whcra 
Malcolm was mortally wounded by the adherents of Kenneth V. 
The obelisk is sculptured with emblems resembling those on the 
monument. Malcolm II. was slain in the year 1034, and his as- 
sassins, endeavouring to effect their escape during a snowstorm, fled 
across the Loch of Forfar, in which they perished. 

About a mile north-east of Glammis castle stands an ancient 
erection, known as St. Orland's Stone. On one side it bears the 


representation of a cross rudely flowered and chequered, while on the 
other,are figures of four men on horseback, one of whom is trampling 
a wild boar under his horses' hoofs. The stone probably represents 
the vengeance which overtook King Malcolm's murderers. 

The burial aisle of the Earl of Strathmore was originally the 
south transept of the parish church. In the pavement are some 
ancient monumental fragments, and by a plain altar-shaped tomb 
are commemorated Sir Patrick Lyon, Lord of Glammis, who died 
21st March, 1459, and his wife Isabel Ogilvy, who died 12th 
January, 1484. 

In the parish church a marble tablet commemorates the Eev. 
James Lyon, D.D., minister of the parish, who died 3rd April, 
1838, in the eightieth year of his age and fifty-eighth of his 
ministry ; also his wife, Agnes L'Amy, who died 14th Sep- 
tember, 1840, aged seventy-eight. Mrs. Lyon composed the words 
of Neil Gow's " Farewell to Whisky," and other poems and songs. 

In the churchyard the widow of Professor Andrew Alexander 
of St. Andrews, has on a granite slab, commemorated the members 
of her family. The inscription proceeds thus : 

" Erected by Esther Proctor Alexander, in memory of her father 
Patrick Proctor, who died here in July, 1819, aged 75 years, during 
50 of which he was Factor on the Glammis Estate. And of her 
brothers, John, farmer, Mains of Glammis ; Eobert W.S. Edinburgh ; 
George, Bengal Medical Staff; Thomas, Bombay Army; William- 
David, who died here, 3rd December, 1860, aged 74 years, during 
40 of which he also was Factor on the Glammis Estate. David, 
H.E.I. C. Home Service ; Patrick, Royal Navy ; and of her sister, 
Jane, who died at St. Andrews, 18th April, 1865." 

A retainer of the House of Strathuiore, James Bruce, who died 
in 16. 80, is on his tombstone celebrated by the following acrostic : 

" I am now inter'd beneath this stone 
Ah, Death's propitious to none ; 
My name was James, my surname Bruce, 
Exasperate against each abuse ; 
Sure sanctity my life decor'd, 
Bent to obey my Noble Lord. 


Rest, my soul, in sacred peace, 
Whereas from sin I find releace. 

C read and praise, 

Each providential act thou sees." 

Also by an acrostic is commemorated David Kid, an elder of the 
parish : 

" Dear pilgrims, read this elegy, 
And spiritualize mortality ; 
Vice 1 declin'd, i.ny life was just, 
In tillage I betrayed not trust. 
David by name, surnamed Kid ; 
Kind to the poor, now dignified 
In blissed state, triumphant high, 
Death's sting pluckt out, sin's source is dry. 
Eternal praise to Christ my king, 
Lord of all lords, who makes me sing, 
Delightful songs with angels bright, 
Enjoying day that's void of night ; 
Read gravely, pilgrim, mind thy doom 
God wraps me up from ill to come." 

On the tombstone of James Chalmers, musician to the House 
of Strathmore, who died 3rd March, 1770, are engraved these 
lines : 

" When minstrels from each place around, 

To meetings did repair ; 
This man was still distinguished 

By a refined air. 
His powerful and his charming notes 

So sweetly did constrain, 
That to resist, and not to dance 

Was labour all in vain. 
He played with such dexterity, 

By all it is contest, 
That in this grave interred is 

Of Violinists the best." 

William Cruikshank, a tailor, who died in 1718, is thus com- 
memorated : 

" Rare William, who will not thy name 
And memory still love ; 


Since you the IVade did all around, 

So wond'rously improve ? 
Our Tradesmen justly did to thee 

Pre-eminence allow. 
Being taught the rudiments of Art, 

Or else refin'd by you, 
That skill of yours did on them all 

An ornament reflect ; 
And as you liv'd so did you die, 

In honour and respect." 

A brass and iron worker, John Dalgety, has on his gravestone 
these lines, engraved under the representation of a crown. 

" 0, dear John Dalgety ! who can 

Thy praises all express ? 
A most expert artificer 

In iron and in brass. 
Discreet was't thou to ev'ry one, 

Obliging, just, and kind ; 
And still thy tongue ingenuous spoke 

The language of thy mind. 
Such was thy life, that now we hope 

Thy soul above doth shine ; 
For thy skill, we dedicate, 

This Crown as justly thine." 

From other tombstones in Glammis churchyard we have the 
following : 

" This stone is set to celebrate 

This worthy woman's praise ; 
Whose equal you will hardly find 

For candour now-a-days. 
She sober, grave, and virtuous was, 

Belov'd by all around ; 
She lived in the fear of God, 

Now is with glory crown'd." 

" Lo, here lies one who never did 
An injury to man ; 


Of whom we cannot say enough, 

Let us say what we can : 
Her actions all were genuine, 

Her words without disguise ; 
Kind was her heart, her generous hands 

Could not the poor despise, 
She liv'd at home, and walk'd abroad, 

Still like a harmless dove." 

Here lies a sweet and loving child, 

Ah, cover'd o'er with mud ; 
Kesembling well the lily fair, 

Cropt in the very bud. 
But blessed is that happy babe, 

That doth thus early die ; 
Not pleas'd to dwell with sinners here, 

But with the saints on high. 
This charming hild but just did peep 

Into this world, and then, 
Not liking it, he fell asleep, 

And hastened out again." 

" Below this monument, a jewel 

Of womankind doth lie 
Who night and day was exercis'd 

In acts of piety. 
No neighbour, mother, nor a spouse, 

More worthy was : Her aim 
Was to speak truth, and that her word 

Should always be the same. 
She long'd to leave this sinful earth, 

And this poor frail abode ; 
Her home was heaven, where now she sings 

The praises of her God." 

From tombstones in the churchyard we have these rhymes : 

" Death is a debt to nature due 
We've paid that debt and so must you." 


" Short is the space allowed to man below, 
Replete with care and crowded thick with woe 
Death is the horizon when our sun is set, 
AYhich will thro' Christ a resurrection get." 

" Life is a journey and the silent Tomb, 
To every traveller is the appointed Home." 

" Live well and fear no sudden fate ; 
When God calls virtue to the grave, 
Alike 'tis justice soon or late, 
Mercy alike to kill or save. 
Virtue unmoved can hear the call, 
And meet the flash that melts the ball." 

" Reader, you see by heaven's decree 
Since time at first began, 
That man he must return to dust, 
And who reverse it can ? 
Should we not, then, while we remain, 
Here in this mortal state, 
Be on our guard for death prepared, 
In case it prove too late ? " 


In 1774, Robert Spenee, a parishioner, reared in the church- 
yard a monument to his family, with the following quaint in- 
scription : 

" Beside this stone lye many Spences, 
\Vlio in their life did no offences, 
And where they liv'd, of that ye speir 
In Outline's ground four hundred year." 



At the east end of the parish church is the burial-vault of the 
noble family of Northesk. Within the church a marble tablet thus 
commemorates the sixth Earl of Northesk and his countess : 

Sacred to the memory of George, Sixth Earl of Northesk, 
Admiral of the White Squadron of His Majesty's Fleet : born 2nd 
Aug. 1716, o.s., and died 22nd January 1792. And Ann Leslie, 
Countess of Northesk: born 22nd Feb. 1730, o.s., and died llth 
Nov. 1779. 

In the front wall of the church a slab presents the armorial 
escutcheon of the Stewarts of Lome, denoting that the family had 
anciently buried in the fabric. The Stewarts of Lome and Red- 
castle are represented by the Ducal House of Argyll. 

Within the church a marble tablet bears the following in- 
scription : 

"Sacred to the memory of John Mudie of Arbikie, Esq., who 
died -June, 1728, aged - - years. And of his wife, Magdalen 
Carnegy, daughter of James Carnegy of Craigo, who died 27th 
December, 1771, aged eighty-nine years ; and of their family and 
descendants. Of their family, which consisted of six sons and 
eight daughters, three . daughters only came to maturity, viz. 1st, 
Elizabeth, married to Robert Smith, of Forret, Esq., who left an 
only son, William Smith, of Forret, Esq., married to his cousin- 
german, 29th April 1784, the after mentioned Magdalen Hay: He 
died 2nd February 1785, leaving no issue. 2nd Agnes, married to 
James Hay, of Cocklaw, Esq., who left two sons and a daughter. 
Their eldest son, Charles Hay, Esq., advocate, afterwards Lord 
Newton, one of the Senators of the College of Justice, a man of 
distinguished talents, and inflexible integrity, died October 1811, 
aged sixty-four years. Their youngest son, James Hay, Esq., 
died at Edinburgh, 6th June, 1787, and was interred there. 3rd, 
Anne, married to Robert Stephen of Letham, Esq., left an only 
daughter Anne, who died November 1806. Magdalen Hay, only 
daughter of James Hay, Esq., and Agnes Mudie, and relict of 
William Smith of Forret, Esq., the last survivor of the family, has 
erected this monument as a tribute of respect to the memory of her 
relations who lie buried here. And it is her desire to be interred 


in the spot which contains the ashes of her husband and of 
her grandmother, and mother, Magdalen Carnegy, and Agnes 
Mudie, parents, with whom she was long united in the ci 
bonds of love and affection, whose virtues she reveres and whose 
example she most earnestly wishes to follow. 1818. 

Mrs. Hay Mudie, who erected the monument, died in 1823. 

A mortuary enclosure in the churchyard denotes the burial place 
of the family of Gardyne, of Middleton. From its several tablets 
we select the following inscriptions : 

" David Gardyne of Lawton, marrd Janet Lindsay of Edzell, 
1603. Their only issue, John, marrd Elizh., daughr. of Sir John 
Arbuthnott of that ilk, 1643, who had issue 4 sons and 20 daugh- 
ters. Robert, their heir marrd Grizel daughr. of Alexr. Watson, 
of Barry, 1676, their issue, David, William, Eliza., who marrd 
1st Scott, of Hedderwick, 2nd Barclay, of Johnstone ; Grizel, who 
marrd 1st Wedderburn of that ilk, and 2nd David Graham of Dun- 
trune. David, heir to .Robert of Lawton, marrd Ann Graham of 
Fintray, 1706. Their issue, Eliza., who marrd James Guthrie, 
of Craigie, 1733. 

Amelia, who married Alexr. Hunter of Balskelly, 1741 ; David 
fought under Prince Charles at Culloden, and died at Newport, in 
Flanders, 1749. James, who married Mary Wallace, 1741 ; Cle- 
mentina, who marrd Alex. Graham of Duntrune, 1751." 

" Sacred to the memory of Alexander and James Greenhill, 
sons of Charles Greenhill, Esquire of Fearn, and Clementina Gar- 
dyne. Alexander died 22nd May, 1832, aged forty-four years ; James 
died 25th June, 1817, aged twenty-six years. 

" William Bruce-Gardyn, Esq, of Middleton, Major 37th 
Regiment, born 1777, died 15th June, 1846. Also their children, 
Anne, born 1826, died loth May 1831 ; James Macpherson, 
born 1828, died 23rd April, 1828; Agnes-Mnry, born 1835, died 
25th March 1847." 



In the front of the parish church, a handsome mausoleum de- 
notes the burial-place of the Farquharsons, formerly of Baldovie. 
On a marble tablet is this inscription : 

" The sepulchre of John Farquharson and Elizabeth Eamsay, 
of Baldovie ; and of their children. Elizabeth, born 4th January, 
1768 ; died 18th June, 1855. Agnes, born 26 March, 1769, died 
in infancy. Thomas, a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant of Forfar- 
shire, born 3rd October, 1770 ; died 21st November, 1860. He was 
last male representative of the Farquharsons of Brockdearg, in 
lineal descent from the Chieftain Findla More, the Eoyal Standard 
Bearer, who fell in defence of his country, on the field of Pinkey, 
10th September, 1547, and was interred in the neighbouring ceme- 
tery of Inveresk. E. B. I. P. 

Captain Mitchell, cousin and heir of Thomas Farquharson of Bal- 
dovie, bequeathed 50,000 for the support of aged priests of the 
Catholic church. On his death in 1865 the estate of Baldovie was 
purchased by Sir Thomas Munro, Bart., of Lindertis. 

These rhymes are from tombstones in Kingoldrum churchyard : 

" Eeader, repent ere time is spent, 

Think on a future state ; 
Do not delay another day, 
In case it prove too late." 

" Below this stone are here reposed 

The ruins of a Tent, 
Where divine virtue deign'd to dwell, 

But, ah ! how soon were spent 
Her mortal years ; the tyrant, Death, 

Eesistless gives the thrust ; 
The virtuous wife and virtuous Tent, 

Strikes down into the dust." 

" What havoc makes impartial death 

On all the human kind ; 
Gainst him a virtuous life's no guard, 
Nor yet the purest mind. 


And most all clay yes, it is destin'd 
For every sack and age, 

The old and bow'd, and young robust, 
And infants quit the stage." 


In the churchyard a monument commemorates Colonel William 
Patterson, a native of the parish, who became Governor of New 
South Wales, and attained distinction as a naturalist. Colonel 
Patterson died 21st June, 1810, aged fifty-five. 


In the parish churchyard a marble tablet within an enclosure 
commemorates Alexander Lyell, Esq., of Gardyne, who died in 
1852, aged sixty-eight, and among other members of his family 
" Dr. Robert who unfortunately lost his life on the night of the 
3rd July, 1857, in the thirty-second year of his age, while quelling 
the insurrection at Patna during the rebellion in India, and whose 
remains lie there." 

From tombstones in Kirkden churchyard we have the following 
legends : 

" Let none suppose the Relics of the Just, 
Are here wrapt up to perish in the Dust ! 
No. Like last fruits her time she fully stood, 
Till being grown in Faith, and ripe in good 
With steadfast Hope that she another day 
Should rise with Christ with Death here down she lay. 
The Poor her alms ; the World her praise ; 
The Heavens her soul ; and the Grave her body has. 


" Here lyes a child, of sons the last, 
Wherewith this family was blest ; 
He like a morning flower appear'd, 
By him his parents' hearts were cheer'd. 
But what are children but a loan 
When God calls back, are we to groan ? 
He's gone to heav'n and got the start : 
Long to be there, you'll no more part." 

" The penetrating art of man 
Unfold this secret never can, 
How long men shall live on the earth, 
And how, or where give up their breath. 
The person of whom this I write, 
Ah ! dy'd by a mournful fate ; 
An old clay chimney that downfall 
Kill'd both his servant and himsel, 
Which should alarm men everywhere 
For their last hour well to prepare, 
That death may never them surprise ; 
For as the tree falls, so it lies." 


On the tombstone of two young men who perished while 
crossing the West Water in 1753 is the following inscription, 
composed by Dr. Beattie . 

" thou whose reverential footsteps tread 
These low dominions of the silent dead, 
On this sad stone a pious look bestow, 
Nor uninstructed read this tale of woe ; 
And while the sigh of sorrow heaves thy breast, 
Let each rebellious murmur be suppressed. 
Heaven's hidden ways to trace for thee how vain ! 
Heaven's just decrees how impious to arraign ! 
Pure from the stains of a polluted age, 
In early bloom of life they left this stage ; 



Not doomed in ling'ring war to waste their breath, 
One moment snatched them from the power of death ; 
They lived united and united died, 
Happy the friends whom death cannot divide." 

On the gravestone of his wife, erected in 1741, James Black 
moralizes thus : 

" Ah sin, hence momentary life, hence breath, 
Sighs for y 6 silent grave and pants for death, 
What means y 6 warning of y e passing bell ? 
A soul just gone to paradise or hell ; 
To darkness tends y e broad but slippery way 
O frightful gloom, deny'd each cheering ray ; 
While such as walk in paths divinely bright 
Shall shine within y e courts of endless light." 

In Navar churchyard, Margaret Fyfe, spouse to James Molison, 
is thus commemorated ; she died in 1712 : 

" A pearl precious here doth lie, 

As signifies her name ; 
Still shining to posterity 

By her deserved fame. 
Death battered down those walls of clay 

To let her soul go free, 
And soar aloft to praise for aye 

The Triune Deity." 

"Sleep, thou frail dust, within thy closest urn 
Till the morning of the resurrection dawn, 
When thou shalt wake, the heaven and earth shall burn, 
And be rejoined to thy immortal pawn." 


In the church of Liff, monumental tablets commemorate Major 
Alexander Watt, K.H. of the 27th Eegiment, Bengal Native 
Infantry, who died at Edinburgh, 18th April, 1851, aged forty-six; 


Isaac Watt, Esq., of Logie, who died llth July, 1823, aged fifty- 
one ; and other members of the family. 

A monument in Liff churchyard celebrates James Webster, Esq. 
of Balruddery, who died 17th May, 1827, aged sixty-two; also, 
the members of his family. 

On a flat tombstone Mrs. Agnes Gray, who died in 1707, is thus 
commemorated : 

" With husbands two I children 

had eleven, 
With two of odds I Lived 

Sixty-even ; 
My Body sleeps in hope, 

My soul I gave, 
To Him Who suffered 

death, the same to save." 

William Waddell, who died in 1765, aged fifty-eight, has the 
following epitaph : 

"Here lys beneath these sordid stones, 

A father to the poor ; 
To orphans and distressed ones 

He kept an open door. 
Fair honesty and virtue pure 

Did strive in him for place ; 
Of charity a public store 

Was lost at his decease. 
Now though his body here doth ly 

To moulder in the dust ; 
His generous soul, the nobler part, 

In Christ alone doth rest." 

A monument of Aberdeen granite denotes the resting-place and 
records the worth of the Rev. George Addison, D.D., for thirty-four 
years minister of the parish, who died 4th January, 1852, aged 

The churchyard of Benvie contains an old sculptured stone, and a 
stone bearing the arms of Scrimgeour, second Viscount of Dundee, 
impaled with those of his wife, Isobel Ker, daughter of the first Earl 


of Roxburgh, with the date 1643. The Scrimgeours of Dudhope 
held the lands of Benvie till 1654, when they were alienated. 

In the churchyard of Logie is the burial-place of Edward Baxter, 
Esq., of Kincaldrum, father of William Edward Baxter, Esq., M.P. for 
the Montrose burghs. On a freestone monument are recorded the 
names of Euphemia Watson, first wife of Edward Baxter, who died 
22nd August, 1833 ; and of his second wife, Elisabeth Jobson, who 
died 2nd July, 1842. 

Invergowrie church is described by chroniclers as the first built 
place of Christian worship north of the Tay. Two large globular 
stones in front of the church, and within the flood-mark of the Tay, 
are associated with a prediction of Thomas the Rhymer contained 
in the following couplet : 

" When the Goors o' Gowrie come to land, 
The day of judgment is at hand." 


In the parish churchyard a tombstone reared in 1857 by Mr. 
John Fenton, of Scrushloch, bears the names of his children and 
other relatives. To account for several blanks in connection with 
their births and deaths, Mr. Fenton has added the following 
rhymes : 

The above will show to all that pass 

How thoughtless I have been ; 
In younger dais and aged years 

How careless I have been. 

" When friends departed to the dust, 

Their age by me not known, 
And infants' births by me not kept 
In registration. 

" My friends and relatives will learn, 

By these few lines of mine, 
To keep a date of registers 
When they are in their prime." 


From tombstones in Lintrathen churchyard we have these 
rhymes : 

" A deep and rapid stream divides 

Death is the name it bears ; 
But o'er it Christ has laid a bridge, 
For heavenly passengers." 

" All Time relations here below, 

Tho' knit with strongest bands, 
Death soon dissolves ; when Time is spent, 

No bond his power withstands. 
He snatched off the virtuous wife, 

The husband fond doth mourn ; 
But death his days it soon did cut 

Here he's beside her urn." 

" Below this tomb are laid the bones 

Of a good virtuous pair ; 
Both scholars pious and discreet, 

Accomplishments most rare, 
Whose knowledge served not to puff up, 

But for a nobler end ; 
That lowliness might them prepare 

A glorious life to spend." 


A gravestone denotes the resting-place of Alexander Eoss, author 
of " The Fortunate Shepherdess," a pastoral poem, formerly popular. 
Ross was schoolmaster of the parish. He was a native of Kincar- 
dine O'Neil, and died at Lochlee on the 20th May, 1784, aged 
eighty-five. " The Rock and the Wee pickle Tow," " To the begging 
we will go," "Woo'd and Married and a'," "The Bride's Breast 
Knot," and other favourite songs, proceeded from his pen. 



On the north of the parish church a burial aisle contains a 
marble tablet, celebrating Jaines Macdonald, Esq., sheriff-substitute 
of the county, who died 23rd August, 1809, aged eighty-three ; also 
his wife Alary, daughter of James Allardice, Esq., of that ilk ; she 
died 4th January, 1801, aged seventy-five. Mrs. Macdonald was 
aunt of Sarah Anne Allardice, who in December, 1776, married 
Robert Barclay of Ury, and who in 1785 was served heir portioner 
of William, last Earl of Airth and Menteith, brother of her great- 
great-grandmother. On Mrs. Barclay's death, her eldest son, Mr. 
Robert Barclay Allardice, took certain steps to establish his right 
to the Airth and Menteith peerages. He died in 1854, and the 
claim has been renewed by his only child, Mrs. Margaret Barclay 
Allardice, who is seventeenth in lineal descent from David, Earl of 
Strathearn, eldest son of the second marriage of Robert II. 

The old church of Logic is now the burial-place of the Carnegys 
of Craigo. Marble tablets commemorate Thomas Carnegy of 
Craigo, who died 9th June, 1793, aged sixty-four, and his wife, 
Mary Carnegy, who died 20th November, 1815 ; David Carnegy of 
Craigo, born 9th March, 1776, died 10th November, 1845 ; and 
Thomas Carnegy of Craigo, born 9th March, 1804, died 12th June, 

These metrical legends are from tombstones in Logic church- 
yard : 

" My friends in Christ that are above, 

Them will I go and see ; 
And thou my friends in Christ below 
Will soon come after me." 

" Faith makes us sons and heirs to the Most High, 
Faith leads to glorious immortality ; 
By faith the power of Satan we defy, 
If on Christ's merits we by faith rely ; 
And if true faith unto the end endure, 
Your evidence for heaven is ood and sure." 


" All who pass by, behold, survey, 

Think on this awful shrine ; 
Here musty bones and broken skulls, 

And graves all over green. 
But where the souls, those deathless things, 

That left these bodies here ? 
Is not give answer, but refer 

Till Christ our Lord appear." 


Within the parish church a monument celebrates Walter Mill, 
the last martyr who suffered at St. Andrews before the Eeforma- 
tion. He was parish priest of Lunan. Eeported to Archbishop 
Hamilton, of St. Andrews, as a favourer of Protestant doctrines, he 
was subjected to trial and condemned. Upwards of eighty years 
old, he was unable to walk to the place of execution. His martyr- 
dom roused the populace to frenzy, and the fall of the Eomish 
Church became certain. Mill was martyred in 1558, and the 
doctrines of the Reformation were publicly sanctioned in 1560. 


In Lundie churchyard, within a sepulchral enclosure, rest the 
remains of Adam Viscount Duncan. Second son of Alexander 
Duncan, Esq., of Lundie, this distinguished commander was born at 
Dundee on the 14th July, 1731. His mother was lineally descended 
from Duncan, Earl of Lennox, and was heiress of Gleneagles in 
Perthshire. With an ordinary education in his native town, he 
was placed onboard the Shoreham frigate to prosecute naval studies 
under his relative, Captain Eobert Haldane. Three years afterwards 
he joined the Mediterranean fleet as midshipman in the Centurion. 


Removed to the ship of Captain, afterwards Lord Keppel, he was 
promoted as post-captain in 1763. Having distinguished himself at 
the Havannah and at Cape St. Vincent, and under Lord Howe in 
1782, in the Blenheim, he was in 1787 promoted as Eear- Admiral 
of the Blue. Appointed to the command of the North Sea fleet in 
1795, he displayed extraordinary tact and intrepidity during the 
mutiny at the Nore. He maintained a strict blockade of the Dutch 
ports, watching the movements of the hostile fleet in the harbour 
of Texel, and on the llth October, 1797, he brought them to close 
action off Camperdown, when De Winter, the Dutch Admiral, 
suffered total defeat. For this eminent service he was created 
a viscount, and received a pension of 2,000. In 1800 he retired 
into private life. He died suddenly on the 4th August, 1804. 
His grave is denoted by a plain marble slab, with this inscription, 
partly prepared by himself : "Adam, first Viscount Duncan, Admiral 
of the White Squadron of his Majesty King George the Third's 
fleet, born 14th July, 1731, and died 4th August, 1804." His 
widow, Viscountess Duncan, died in 1822, and was interred in the 
Canongate churchyard, Edinburgh (Vol. I., p. 90). Their son Eobert 
second Viscount Duncan, was at the coronation of William IV, 
created Earl of Camperdown. 

In a handsome mausoleum in Lundie churchyard are interred 
Sir William Duncan, Bart., M.D., and his wife, Lady Mary Tufton, 
daughter of Sackville, Earl of Thanet. Sir William realized a large 
fortune in India, and afterwards became Honorary Physician to the 
King. He died in 1769, and was survived by his lady, who caused 
this mausoleum to be reared in honour of his memory. 


Within the parish church of Mains a monumental tablet is thus 
inscribed : 

"Sacred to the memory of Charlotte, Lady Ogilvie, sole pro- 


prietor of the estate of Bank, in the parish of Strath martin, eldest 
daughter of Walter Tullideph, Esq., of the island of Antigua, and 
relict of Sir John Ogilvy, Bart., of Inverquharity, late of the Scots 
Grays, &c., who died at the age of seventy-two." 

Charlotte, Lady Ogilvy, was descended from the family which 
produced the celebrated Principal Tullideph of St. Andrews. The 
estate of Tullideph, now called Baldovan, of which she was owner, 
is the principal inheritance of her grandson, Sir John Ogilvy, 
Bart., M.P. The ancient burial-place of this branch of the House 
of Ogilvy was in the parish church of Kirriemuir, but the family 
ordinarily inter in the old church of Strathmartin. Therein a tablet 
commemorates Lady Jane, second wife of Sir John Ogilvy, Bart., and 
daughter of Thomas, Earl of Suffolk. This excellent gentlewoman 
founded the Asylum for Imbecile Children at Baldovan, and " The 
Home " at Dundee. She died 28th July, 1861. 

In Strathmartin churchyard a mortuary enclosure protects the 
remains of Admiral Laird of Strathmartin, who died in 1811. 

In Mains old churchyard a gravestone commemorates Charles 
Peebles, parish schoolmaster, and his wife Anne Crabb, who both 
died in 1801 ; it bears these lines : 

" How useful they in training youth, 
When thoughtless of the paths of truth 

They need the guiding reins ; 
The east and west, the south and north, 
Doth testify from proved worth 

Of youth spent at the Mains." 

A miller, who died in 1655, is thus commemorated in Mains 
churchyard : 

" Wnder this stone interrd lies he 
Who 40 two years living was, 
At milu and kiln right honestlie, 
And with his neighbours dealt he thvs ; 
Bvt death, in Apryl 55, 
From off the staae did him remove." 


From other tombstones in Mains churchyard we have these 
epitaphs : 

" He who with abundance did ine bless, 

With riches, life, and breath, 
Me from these three did take away 
By sickness and by death." 

" This charming child most comely was, 

And pleasant once a day ; 
But now, alas ! he lowly lies 
Here in this bed of clay." 

" Among the rest of Adam's race, 

That in this world liv'd ; 
There's one confin'd within this tomb 

Who upright was and pious. 
He while in life was very just, 

Gave every man his due ; 
But now he is exalted high, 

In Heaven we hope he's now." 

In Strathmartin churchyard, Thomas Low, who died in 1752, is 
thus commemorated : 

" Thy name aye, 

Thy fame aye, 
Shall never be cut off; 

Thy grave aye 

Shall have aye 
Thy honest epitaph." 

On other gravestones in fcitrathmartin churchyard are these 
rhymes : 

" From dust 1 came, and thither do return, 
Who here abide till tribes of earth shall mourn ; 
Till heaven and earth wrapt in a scroll shall be, 
And Christ with saints coming in clouds I'll see, 
W r hen soul and body united shall again 
Be lifted up to Christ for to remain." 


" Heir lies a godly honest man, 

All men that knew him said 
He was an elder of the church, 

And a weaver to his trade. 
These words gave comfort unto him 

When God's word he did read 
If that the Son did make him free, 

He should be free indeed." 

" Both in one grave until the time accord 
That they shall hear the archangel of the Lord : 
Our soul doth bend our bodies straight and even, 
As with itself it would them raise to Heaven ; 
But all in vain it undergoes such toil, 
The body will not leave its native soil. 
Age pulls it down, and makes it stoop full low, 
Till Death doth give his fatal overthrow ; 
Then through the bodies breach the soul doth rise, 
And like a conqueror mount the skies, 
To its eternal rest from whence it came, 
As is their bodies in tomb here lies." 

" I lived almost eighty years, 

Within this vale of tears ; 
At last cold death on me laid hands, 

Whom every mortal fears, 
And hath my body here enclosed 

Within this grave of earth ; 
When Christ's last trumpet gives the call 

I shall come forth in mirth. 
When to his heaven He shall me bring, 

With songs of melody, 
I shall His praises ever sing, 

To all eternity." 

At Kirktown and Ballutheron, in Strathmaitin parish, several 
sculptured stones present figures of serpents and nondescript 
animals. They belong to the pre-historic period. 



Within the parish church a handsome monument, adorned with 
the Lindsay arms, presents the following inscription : 

" Sub hoc marinore reconditus jacet Reverendus vir, David 
Lyndesius (ex prisca Lyndesiorum familia de Dowhill), oriuudus 
ecclesiae de Marytown, per 33 annos pastor vigilantissimus, vir 
singular! literarum, coguitione et sumina rerum peritia ornatus 
pietati in Deum, fide in Regem, reverentia in Episcopcs, et humani- 
tate erga onmes insignis, obiit 16 Septembris 1706, aetatis suae 62. 
Hie etiam siti sunt duo filii inipuberes Gulielmus, et Alexander, et 
Katharine filia, cujus eximiam formse venustatem omnes virgine 
digna? virtutes facile sequabant." 

Mr. Lindsay was son of Mr. David Lindsay, minister of Rescobie. 
His ancestors, the Lindsays of Dowhill, were descended from Sir 
William Lindsay, of Rossy, Fifeshire, son of Sir Alexander Lindsay, 
of Glenesk, by his second wife, a niece of Robert II. 

On the tombstone of Alexander Greig, farmer, bearing date 1755, 
are these Latin lines : 

" Primo Deus ferro morales vetere terrain instituit. 
Agricola incuruo terram dimouit aratro ; 
Hinc anni labor, hinc patriam panics' nepotes sustinet." 

A child of three years, drowned in a well, is thus commemo- 
rated : 

" Doth Infant's pain and death proclaim 

That Adam did Rebel ? 
His destiny declares the same, 

Being drowned in a Well. 
Let all who mourn his early death, 

Hate sin the fatal cause, 
And flee to Jesus Christ by faith 

Who saves from Satan's jaws." 



Attached to the parish church, a mortuary enclosure forms the 
family burial-place of the old family of Carnegy, of Balnamoon. 

On a tablet commemorating a person named Guthrie, and 
bearing date 1793, are the following lines : 

" All passengers, as you go by, 

And chance to near this stone, 
To mind you of Mortality, 

Behold the skull and bone : 
Likewise the dart that wounds the heart. 

And scythe that cuts the thread 
Of life, and coffin for to hold 

The body when it's dead." 

In Menmuir churchyard are two Roman crosses, which were 
formerly built in the churchyard wall ; one displays an equestrian 
figure, the other is sculptured with two mounted warriors and 
other emblems. 


Within the old parish church a monument commemorated a 
member of the house of Durham of Grange, now represented by 
Dundas-Durham of Largo. The monument was taken down on 
the removal of the church. 

In the churchyard a monumental tablet, within an enclosure, 
celebrates David Hunter, fourth son of General Hunter, of Burn- 
side, born 20th April, 1801, died 16th August, 1854 

Within another enclosure a marble tablet bears the following 
legend : 

" Here lyes interred the body of James Erskine, of Linlathen, 
who departed this life on the 26th of Aug., 1816, at Broadstairs, 
Isle of Thanet, county of Kent, aged twenty-eight." 


David Erskine, advocate, father of James Erskine, purchased tlie 
estate of Linlathen from Graham of Fintray, about 1805 ; he 
married Aime, daughter of Graham of Airth. His younger son, 
Thomas Erskine, LL.D., who succeeded his brother as proprietor of 
Linlathen, is author of various theological works. 

A handsome monument in Monifieth churchyard commemorates 
Thomas Kerr of Grange, of Monifieth, who died 22nd December, 
1811; David Kerr of Grange, who died 5th October, 1843; and 
other members of the family. 

A plain tombstone denotes the grave of David Kennie, farmer, 
Mill of Omachie, who died 3rd March, 1857, aged 102. 

From the gravestone of Alexander Scott, who died in 1841, we 
have the following couplet : 

" Life is uncertain death is sure, 
Sin made the wound, and Christ the cure." 

The tomb of Sylvester Steven, who died in -1734, is inscribed 
thus : 

" Life's everlasting gdtes 

For ever had been shut 
Had not the death of Christ 

Them pulled up." 

Alexander Paterson, who died in 1786, is by his widow thus 
celebrated : 

" All men live in the same death power 
Who seized my beloved in an hour, 
One word to me he could not speak, 

Though floods of tears ran down my cheek." 

These rhymes are from the tombstone of Henry Gordon, who 
died in 1815 : 

" Since our good friends are gone to rest 

Within the silent grave, 
I hope their souls among the blest 
O'er fruitless sorrows wave ; 


Our loss is DOW their greatest gain, 

Let no rude hand annoy ; 
Their dust now sleeps exempt from pain, 
In hopes of future joy." 

These hortatory lines form the epitaph of John Barrie, in 1738 : 

" In this cold bed Christ's dearest friends must ly 
Till they be wakened by the Angel's cry. 
The bed is cold, this dust lys here consumed, 
But Christ in grave did ly, and He the bed perfumed. 
Their souls dislodg'd to mansions bright do soar, 
"Where Christ is gone to keep an open door. 
The dog of earth must stay awhile behind, 
No guest of Christ till thus it be refined. 
All who behold this monument, 
On Christ your trust repose, 
And of your sins pray now repent, 
Lest heaven and earth you lose." 

From other rhymes in Monifieth churchyard we select the 
following : 

" Beside this mournful monument 

There lies my mother's dust. 
A loving wife's also there is, 

And daughter young doth rest. 
Bemoan us not, surviving friends, 

For this is God's decree, 
But seek for everlasting rest 

Where God's enthroned on high." 

" A woman wise and diligent, 

And in her dealings just, 
Tho' every way most excellent, 

Lies in this bed of dust. 
Waiting till Christ come through the skies, 

With angels all around. 
And then she shall triumphant rise, 

With glory to be crown'd." 

" I in my young and tender years 

By death am call'd away 
To rest from sin in bed of earth, 
Where thousands more do lie ; 


Yet on the Resurrection Day, 
When waken'd from my sleep, 

Expect to join the blessed band, 
Whom Christ doth call His sheep." 

" Here lies the dust that once inshrin'd 
A sober, honest, friendly mind. 
The heavenly part hath wing'd its flight 
To regions of eternal light. 
The body too which breathless lies, 
Redeem'd from death shall shortly rise 
And join its kindred soul again, 
Fit to adorn its Maker's train." 

At Broughty Ferry, an obelisk of Peterhead granite commemo- 
rates Thomas Dick, LL.D., author of " The Christian Philosopher " 
(see supra, p. 220). 

In Broughty Ferry old churchyard, Margaret Ross, wife of John 
Kid, shipmaster, is commended thus : 

" Now she for whom this gravestone's placed 

W T as in virtue ever steady ; 
When asked a reason of her hope, 

Had aye an answer ready. 
Though silent and forgotten here 

She moulders with the clod, 
The day will dawn, a voice she'll hear 

Say, Come and meet your God." 

John Kid is personally celebrated in these lines : 

" This life he steer'd by land and sea 

With honesty and skill, 
And calmly suffer'd blast and storm 

Unconscious of ill. 
This voyage now finish'd, he's unrigg'd, 

And laid in dry-dock Urn ; 
Preparing for the grand fleet-trip, 
And Commodore's return." 


The following verses commemorate Janet Webster, wife of D. 
Liddell, shipmaster, who died in 1801 : 

" Justice and truth, even from youth, 

Adorn'd her deportment ; 
Never revenging^ nor exchanging 

Evil for evil treatment. 
Tender dealing, without failing, 

Was everly her aim ; 
Even to those, who were her foes, 

Beneficent and plain. 
She had to give, while she did live, 

The sample of a mind ; 
Ever rejecting, but never respecting, 

Resentment of any kind." 


On Camustane Hill stands a Runic Cross, which is believed to- 
mark the spot where Camus, a Danish General perished in battle. 
According to the narrative, the Scots had defeated an important 
section of the Danish forces, and slain the generals Eneck and 
Clave. Sueno, the Danish leader, sought revenge, and so despatched 
his puissant general, Camus, to make a terrible reparation. 
Camus landed an army at the Redhead, near Arbroath, and marched 
eastward. At Camustane Hill his troops were engaged by the 
Scottish army under Malcolm II. After a protracted and fierce 
conflict the invaders were routed and their general wounded mor- 
tally. The engagement took place in the year 1020 ; it terminated 
the last Danish incursion on the eastern coast. 

On the highest point of the Downie hills stands a large and 
handsome monument in honour of the late William Ramsay Maule, 
Baron Panmure, (see supra, p. 202). The monument was reared in 
1839, at the expense of the tenants on his Lordship's estate. It is 
a cylindrical column, resting on a double basement, and sur- 
mounted by a memorial vase. The lower basement is of rustic 



work; it is surmounted by a quadrangular basement, flanked with 
open buttresses. The total height is 105 feet. A winding staircase 
conducts to the top of the structure. A finely sculptured bust of 
Lord Pan mure is placed in the interior of the monument. 

From gravestones in the parish churchyard we have these 
rhymes : 

" Seeds die and rot and then most fresh appear 
Sancts bodies rise more orient than they were." 

" To lifeless dust and mouldering bones 
In vain we pour our tears and groans, 

In vain we raise our cries ; 
Till a divine immortal breath 
Descending on the vale of death 
Shall make the ruins rise." 

" The hours of my day are past, 
My night of death is come, 
My toiling hands forget the task, 
My feet no more shall run, 
The grave now holds my sweating brow, 
With sweat I gained my bread, 
To dust I am returned now." 


In the principal street of this royal burgh stands a monumental 
statue of Joseph Hume, elegantly sculptured by William Calder 
Marshall, R.A., and erected in 1859. Hume was born at Montrose 
in January, 1777. His father was master of a coasting vessel, and 
on his early death his mother was necessitated to support the 
family by disposing of earthenware in the market place. Joseph 
was educated as a surgeon ; in 1797 he proceeded to India in the 
marine service of the East India Company. Obtaining a succes- 
sion of lucrative appointments he returned to Britain in 1807 with 
a fortune of 40,000. In 1812 he entered the House of Com- 


raons as member for Weymouth. He was in 1818 elected M.P. 
for the Aberdeen burghs, which included Montrose, his native town. 
IK) afterwards sat for Middlesex and Kilkenny. In 1842 he was- 
clected for Montrose, and he continued to represent that constit- 
uency till the period of his death. He died on the 20th February, 
1855, aged 78. As a reformer of public abuses, and a zealous 
advocate of financial retrenchment in all departments of the state, 
Joseph Hume is entitled to honourable remembrance. 

In the parish churchyard Eobert Keith, of Polburri, a magis- 
trate of the burgh, is on his tombstone thus commemorated : 

Sacrum memoriae perillustris viri Roberti Keith, domini terra- 
ruin de Polburne, etc. Prsetoris hujus urbis dignissimi, ejusque 
conjujis ac liberorum, extruetum anno Dom. 1641. R.K. L.G. 

" Hie situs est praeclarus vir Robertus Keith, dominus de Pol- 
burne, etc. praetor hujus urbis dignissimus, qui summo omnium 
maerore, obiit anno salutis humanae, 1640. ^Etatis vero suo3 56. 

" Nobilis hsec Kethi praetoris saxea moles 

Ossa tegit famam non tege't ulla dies. 

Praetorem civemve alium Ketho mage dignum 

Urbs habuit nunquam, vix habitura parem. 

Lex haec firma marient niorieiiduui esse omnibus ; ergo 

Mors metuenda minus, morsque dolenda minus. 

Principium vitae mors est, sic itur ad astra, 

Felix qui vivit, qui moriturque Deo. 

Conditus hoc tumulo sic vixit niortuus et sic, 

Quare O felicem terque quarterque virum." 

James Scott of Logie, Bailie of Montrose, and his wife, Jean 
Taylor, are celebrated thus : 

" Sacrum memoriae illustrissimi viri, Jacobi Scoti terrarum de 
Logie, de Domini, civitatis Montisroseae praetoris dignissimi, qui 
obiit cal. Novembris anno Dom. 1658. ^Etatis suae 65. Ejusque 

pientisssiuias Joannae Tailzor, quas obiit anno aetatis 


" Hoc tegitur corpus praetoris marmore Scoti 
Sed tegitur nullo vivida fama loco ; 
Nempe reformaudas, vitas melioris in usum 
Hie veteres posuit Loggius exuvias ; 


Fortunatus erat, dum vixit ; sed mage felix, 
Post mortem, Domini certus amore frui. 

"Hunc lapidem sepulchralem, novissimum pietatis officium, 
erigendum curarunt ejus filii, qui hie quoque siti sunt. Anno 

In the following epitaph Bailie Eobert Arbuthnot commemorates 
his wife and children : 

" Saxeum hoc monumentum egregium Robertus Arbuthnetus 
urbis Montisrosanae civis et subinde praetor in memoriam pise juxta 
ac dilectae conjugis Joannas Beatie, erigendum curavit; quae post- 
quam felix ac placidum cummarito conjugium per aliquot coluisset 
annos, ex hac vita migravit, idibus circiter Novemb. anno Dom. 
1682. ^Etatis vero suae 41. Quaeque una cum liberis 5 in hoc 
dormitorio sepulta jam quiescit. 

" Corporis exuviae tumulo conduntur et ossa, 
Spiritus in Christi vivit at eatque sinu. 
Est ita ; nam supera, quamvis moriantur, in arce, 
Cum Christo vivuut, qui coluere Deum. 

" Sub hoc etiam cippo, si Deus annuerit, sepulti jacebunt, ubi 
suo quisque fato concesserit, maritus ipse ej usque liberi adhuc 

Professor James Wishart (Wise-heart) is thus commemorated by 
his widow : 

" Lapidem hunc sepulchralem, conjugalis sui amoris indicium, 
extrui curavit Helena Beatie, in memoriam pii ac dilectissimi sui 
mariti, Jacobi Sophocardii, urbis Montisrosanae civis philologias 
professoris, qui obiit pridie idus Octobris, 1683. vEtatis suae 60. 

" Disce mori, quicunque legi mea scripta, viator, 
Omnes aequa manent funera, disce mori. 
Disce mori, frater ; discat cum praesule clerus 
Cum juniore senex, cum sapiente rudis." 

Three persons named Duncan have on their common gravestone 
these lines : 

" As everything a centre hath to which it doth incline, 
So all men being made of earth, to earth return in time ; 


Those who do here from labours rest more lines stretch from a 

Some short, some long, as he thought best who is the divine 

painter ; 

To write elogies of those dead, I find it's not my strain 
If men be honest and fear God, they're free from future pain." 

On the gravestone of Anna Ochterlony, spouse of Thomas 
Cloudslie, merchant, who died in 1695, are these verses : 

" A pious, prudent, modest wife 
And loving, frugal, without strife 
Hath left this momentary life 

And made choice of a better. 

" Friends, neighbours, children mourn their loss, 
Her husband bears it as his cross, 
But death who came on his pale horse, 
Would not away without her. 

" She's now above the reach of fate, 
Of change or chance whatever, 
As being in that happy state 

Of bliss which changeth never." 

A husband thus laments his affectionate partner : 

" Enclos'd within this coffin here doth lie, 
Exeem'd from cares and from all troubles free, 
A woman, whose great virtues were such that 
None can them well express, less imitate. 
Lo, here's a proof that death doth oft arrest, 
In this sad instance not the worst, but best ; 
Not much unlike those worms that almost still 
Do mar the fairest flow'rs, but spare the ill. 
Now cease, dull muse, and silently deplore 
A matchless loss, and if I could say more." 

A deceased wife is on her tombstone thus emphatically com- 
mended : 

" She was, but words are wanting to say what ; 
Think what a wife should be, and she was that." 


A widow bemoans her husband and child in these lines : 

" Traveller, attend, beneath the dust lies here 
A loving husband and a child held dear. 
A childless widowed wife bemoans their early i'ate, 
And sad laments her hard, untoward state ; 
Bow'd down with grief, although in years but young, 
Silent the husband, and child's lisping tongue. 
Death cross'd the child, the lather nought could save, 
One day, one hour, consign'd both to one grave." 

Parents thus lament their departed children : 

" Beneath this turf our children ly 
And wait Christ's advent in the sky, 
When every grave shall open wide 
They'll climb to Heaven, and there reside. 
Death's lost his sting ; Christ, rising from the dead, 
Draws all the members to attend the head." 

.Robert Adam has, on a tombstone bearing date 1670, thus 
commemorated his four children : 

" Oh cruel Death ! Oh furious Death ! what fury makes thee rage, 
Thus to cut down young, pleasant plants, and pass by crooked 


But yet these plants, in spite of tin's, shall yet revive and bloom, 
When thou, oh Death, with thine old scythe, art withering in the 



Adjoining the parish church is the burial vault of Fotheringham 
of Powrie. 

In the churchyard tombstones commemorate David Millar of 
Ballumby, who died 19th July, 1825, aged seventy-one; David 
Arkley of Clepington, who died 2nd August, 1822, aged seventy- 
four; and the Uev. Alexander Jmlach, minister of the parish, who 
died 6th November, 1808, in the eighty-first year of his. age and the 
forty-seventh of his ministry. 



In the parish churchyard a mural monument is thus inscribed : 

" Hie requiescit vir prudens ac gravis generosa de Balgillo familia 
ortus, Magister GULIELMUS BLAIRUS, qui placide ac pie, obiit 16 
Novem. an. Dom. 1656, setat. suae 58. In cujus memoriam conjunx 
ejus amantissima Euphana Pattullo, hunc tumulum extruxit juxta 
eum, ex quo filiam habet octennem sepelienda. 

" Vivit post funera virtus. 
Cujus hie tumulum cernis nunc incola cceli est, 
Corporis exubias quam premis abdit humus." 

The families of Blair and Pattullo have for several centuries been 
connected with the district. 

In the south wall of the church the following Latin inscription 
on a monumental tablet commemorates James Alison, a progenitor 
of the late Sir Archibald Alison, Bart. : 

" Post mortem vita. Infra conditur quod reliquum est JACOBI 
ALISON, hujus parochise quondam incolse et decoris : nisi quod viri 
. praestantissimi supersunt et vigent virtutes hoc marmore peren- 
niores : rara sci prudentia intarninata fides, et pietas nescia fraudis. 
Paterfuit facillimus, conjux charissimus, et certus amicus; omni- 
bus sequus, benevolus, et charus, et ut csetera complectar, eximi 
probus. Itaq. cum honesto, humili, forti, sanctoq. animo, ho minibus, 
maritis, sociis omnibus exernplum consecrasset integerrimum, terris 
animo major, ad similes evolavit superos. Natus erat .... 
denatus 4 Feb. 1737. - 

" Mors certa est, incerta dies, incertior hora ; 
Consulat ergo animo qui sapit, usq suo." 

Mr. Alison was factor on the estate of Belmont ; he was succeeded 
in his office by his son, Patrick, who became proprietor of Newhall 
in Kettins. 

A tombstone celebrates George Watson, Esq., Bannatyne House, 
a county magistrate, who died in 1813. His representative, Hugh 
Watson, who rented the farms of Keillor and Auchterless, was 
famed as an agriculturist ; he died in 1865, aged seventy-seven. 


Several old tombstones commemorate members of the family of 
Jobson, described as " iudwellers in the Haltown of Newtyle." Of 
these the first named, James, son of James Jobson and Barbara 
Scott, died in July, 1660, aged nine years. The family became 
merchants in Dundee, and attained considerable opulence. A 
member of the house, Jane Jobson, heiress of Lochore, married the 
eldest son of Sir Walter Scott, Bart., and is now Lady Scott of 
Abbotsford (Vol. I. p. 61). 

Eobert Small, farmer Boghead, (died 1771) is on his tombstone 
thus quaintly commemorated : 

" Here lies the dust of Kobert Small, 
Who, when in life, was thick, not tall ; 
But what's of greater consequence, 
He was endowed with good sense, 
O how joyful the day in which 

Death's pris'ner shall be free, 
And in triumph o'er all his foes 

His God in mercy see." 

A tombstone bearing date 1675, celebrates Gilbert Mille, whose 
name is made to form an acrostic. Mille attained his hundredth 
year. His epitaph proceeds thus : 

" G reat are the Wonders God hath Worked 
I n Heaven, and Earth, and Sea ; 
L ykways he many mercies hath, 
B estowed upon Me. 
E uen in this World, an Hundred Years, 
K emain'd I honestly ; 
T uo Wedded Wives the tyme I had ; 
M uch Comfort were to Me. 
I n Wedlock's Band we Procreat 
L awfully Ws Betwix ; 
L oues Pledges, Whos Eight number were 
E uen tuo tymes ten and six. 

My Spritt to God, I do committ, 

My Body to the Grave ; 

When Christ shall come and judge shall sitt, 

Shall them both Recave. 


From other tombstones in Newtyle churchyard we have the 
following rhymes : 

" This honest man is from us gone, 

Whose body lyes Within this Tomb ; 
His honest Eeputation Shall 

Kemain To Generations all ; 
His Blessed Soul for Ever more, 
Doth magnify the King of Glore." 

" that men in this world would live, said I, 
As not to be ashamed to live, nor afraid to die ; 
For all our friends and neighbours to us dear, 
Unto our lives can't add a single year. 
The righteous need not fear the sting, 
For Christ will them to heaven bring." 

" Vnder this stone interred doth ly 

This man of honest fame ; 
And of his virtues while he liv'd 

His name doth fresh remain. 
Who to his wife and parents both 

A help and comfort was ; 
But now the Lord hath crowned him 

With joy in heavenly bliss." 


In Oathlaw churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Eev. 
Thomas Eaiker, minister of the parish, who died 20th June, 1803, 
in his ninety-second year and the sixty-third of his ministry. On 
his tombstone are engraved these lines : 

" Eests before this stone, the mortal clay 
Of Thomas Eaiker, till that awful day, 
When Christ will send his angel thro' the skies 
And to the dead proclaim ye sleepers rise. 
Then may the Saviour to this servant say 
Enjoy a Crown thro' an eternal day." 


In the old chapel of Finhaven were deposited the remains of 
several Earls of Crawford and of other notable persons. The 
monuments have disappeared. 


A burial aisle belonging to the noble family of Dalhousie was 
constructed in 1672, by George, Earl of Panmure ; it is attached to 
the parish church. To the aisle were committed the remains 
of Colonel the Honourable Lauderdale Maule, second son 
of William, Lord Panmure, who died at Varna, on the 1st August, 
1854. A monumental tablet has been erected to his memory in the 
parish church. (Vol. I. p. 139). 

Gravestones in Panbride churchyard present these rhymes : 

" In memory of Jacob's love, 
Unto his Rachel, now above ; 
A pillar of stone we read he gave, 
And set it up upon her grave ; 
The first and ancient to be seen, 
In Genesis the 35 and 19." 

" Though Boreas' Blasts and Neptune's waves, 

Have toss'd me to and fro, 
Yet from them all I was preserv'd, 

And anchor'd here below. 
Though fast aground I now remain, 

Along with all the Fleet, 
Yet once again I shall set sail 

Our Admiral CHRIST to meet." 


Two upright stones at Pitscandly are supposed to denote the 
spot where, about the year 831, Feredeth, king of the Picts, fell 
while contending in battle with Alpin, king of the Scots. 


In the burial-ground at Chapelyard, have interred for many gen- 
erations the Piersons of Balmadies, now of The Guynd. Many of 
the tombstones remain entire. The tombstone of Mary, daughter 
of Eobert Pierson, of Balmadies, who died 10th November, 1771, 
presents the following lines : 

" Mildness of temper, innocence of mind, 
And softest manners \vere in her couibin'd ; 
Sincere and open, undisguis'd by art, 
She form'd no wish but what she might impart. 
Easy and social, cheerful and resigned, 
Harmless thro' life, the sister and the friend. 
In early age, call'd to resign her breath, 
Patient in sickness, undismay'd at death, 
A sister's grief ('tis friendship's sacred claim), 
Pays this small tribute to a sister's name." 

A monument, enclosed by a railing, is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of Margaret Ouchterlony, second 
daughter of John Ouchterlony, Esq. of The Guynd, and widow of 
James Pierson, Esq. She died at The Guynd, 21st March, 1849, 
in her seventy-eighth year : 

" Dear as thou wert, and justly dear, 

We will not weep for thee ; 
One thought shall check the starting tear, 

It is that thou art free ! 
And thus shall Faith's consoling power 

The tears of Love restrain 
Oh ! who that saw thy parting hour 

Could wish thee here again ?" 

On tombstones in Piescobie churchyard are these metrical 
inscriptions : 

" My husband's here, and daughter dear, 
Also a son of mine ; 
In dust do lie ; but yet on high 
I hope their souls do shine. 
I've other five this date survive, 
Two daughters, and three sons ; 
May they with grace, pursue their race 
Till once their srlass is run." 


" Inconstant eaith, why do not mortals cease 
To build their hopes upon so short a lease ? 
Uncertain lease, whose term's but once begun, 
Tells never when it ends till it be done, 
We doat upon thy smiles, not knowing why, 
And while we but prepare to live, we die ; 
We spring like flowers for a day's delight, 
At noon we flourish, and we fade at night." 

" Like to the seed in earthy womb, 
Or like dead Lazarus in the tomb, 
Or like Tabitha in a sleep, 
Or Jonas like within the deep, 
Or like the moon or stars in day, 
Lie hid and languish quite away ; 
Even as the grave the dead receives, 
Man being dead he death deceives. 
The seed springs, and Lazarus stands, 
Tabitha wakes, and Jonas lands ; 
The moon appears, and stars remain, 
So man being dead shall live again." 


A Roman cross in St. Vigeans churchyard presents the usual em- 
blems. A portion of another ancient cross is built in the wall of 
the church. 

A vault under the church contains the remains of Sir Peter Young 
one of the preceptors of James VI. A mural tablet with a Latin 
inscription celebrates his virtues. Son of a respectable burgess in 
Dundee he was there born on the 15th August, 1544. He studied 
under Theodore Beza. In January 1569 he was appointed assis- 
tant preceptor to King James. When the King attained the 
government he appointed Young his royal almoner. Acquiring the 
lands of Easter Seaton in St. Vigeans parish he there established 
his residence. He died at Easter Seaton on the 7th January 


On tombstones in St. Vigeans churchyard are the following 
rhymes : 

" Death rides on every passing breeze, 

He lurks in every flower, 
Each season has its own disease 
Its peril every hour." 

" Ye who with careless footsteps tread 
The hallowed mansions of the dead, 
Let every grave that meets your eye 
Eemind you man was born to die ! 
But know he has not liv'd in vain, 
Who dies prepar'd to live again." 

" Short was our life but long our rest may be 
Cut off in youth, as you may plainly see ; 
Nursed up with care for parents dear had we, 
Which loved us well but grieve to see us die. 
Dear parents weep no more but be content, 
For unto you alas we were but lent." 

" Think, vain fond heart, when on the day 
Of that tremendous awful deep 
Eternity in sad suspense I stood ; 
How all my trifling hopes and fears 
My senseless joys and idle tears 
Vanish'd at prospect of the frightful flood." 

" 1'hat tear I pay, with my last breath, 

In death I heard thee sing, 
Short was thy song but how sublime, 
Oh death, where is thy sting ! 

" Our sun was nipt in early bloom, 
He left this scene of idle care, 
He's reached his Father's house in peace, 
We mourn, but there's no mourning there." 

" Ah, who of to-morrow can boast ? 
What mortal on earth is secure ? 


To-morrow may vanquish a host ; 

To-niorrow a monarch be poor ! 
A day and our joys they are fled, 

An hour and we're laid with the dead, 
A moment and we are no more." 

How frail, how short's the life of man ! 
Less than a hand breadth or a span, 
Death's arrows thick about us II y, 
The slain on every hand doth lye, 
Some young, some old go off the stage, 
Death spares not them of smallest age, 
God plucks his flowers at any time, 
He knows what's best, let none repine." 

" Here lies a wife, a wife most dear, 
A tender mother's dust lies here ; 
She liv'd belov'd and mourn'd she died. 
Her life was asked, but God the gift denied ; 
Under the stroke of death's unsparing rod 
She calmly yielded up her fleeting breath, 
But with a hope that firmly cleav'd to God, 
She felt not what is terrible in death." 

" Frail mortal who dost read these lines, 

This truth fix in thy breast, 
That in the course of rapid time 

Thou too shalt be at rest. 
Death's shafts fly thick and unperceived, 

They pierce the young and old, 
The good, the bad, the weak, and strong, 

The cowardly and the bold. 
Uncertain of another day 

Make up thy peace with God, 
And in the vale of death he will 

Support thee with his rod." 




Attached to the parish church is the burial aisle of the noble 
house of Arbuthnot. This elegant gothic structure was reared by 
Alexander Arbuthnot, afterwards Principal of King's College, Aber- 
deen, a zealous promoter of the Reformation. Within the aisle is 
the recumbent effigy of Hugo de Arbuthnot, an early member of 
the House, who flourished in the thirteenth century. He married 
a .daughter of the House of Moreville, and his wife's arms and his 
own are sculptured on his monument. 


In the parish churchyard a monument to the memory of the Rev. 
Dr. Morrison and his wife is thus inscribed : 

" Erected by George Morrison, D.D., minister of this parish, as a 
tribute to the many virtues of his deceased wife Margaret Jaffray, 
who died llth June, 1837, in her 80th year. In the same grave 
are deposited the remains of her husband, Dr. Morrison of Elsick 
and Disblair, the revered pastor, and munificent benefactor of this 
parish during sixty years, who, on the llth July, 1845, died 
Father of the Church of Scotlaud, in the 88th year of his age, and 
63rd of his ministry." 

Within the church a marble tablet celebrates Agnes Fordyce of 
the family of Fordyce of Ardo; she died 20th of November, 1834, 
a^ed 76. 


Tombstones commemorate members of the family of Corbet of 

On Cotcraig Rock a granite obelisk commemorates the late Prince 
Consort ; it was reared by Alexander Thomson, Esq., of Banchory, 
and is thus inscribed : 

" In remembrance of the visit of H.R.H. Albert, Prince Consort, 
to this spot, 15th September, 1859." 


On Scultie-hill a monument erected by his tenantry and neigh- 
bours commemorates the late General William Burnett of Ban- 
chory Lodge. He was born 19th February, 1702, and died 7lh 
February, 1839. 

In the parish churchyard a mortuary enclosure contains three 
tablets thus inscribed : 

" In memory of Thomas Ramsay, second son of Sir Alexr. Ram- 
say of Balmain, Bart., and of his wife Dame Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Alexr. Bannerman, Bart. He was a Captain in H.B.M.'s Army, 
served in the Peninsula and at Waterloo : born 24th Feb., 1786, 
died 18th Deer. 1857, aged 71. And also of Thomas Ramsay, R.N., 
second son of the above Capt. T. Ramsay, and of Margaret, daughter 
of Sir Robert Burnett of Leys, Bart., his second wife, born 13th of 
Jany. 1828, died 17th of Jany. 1856, aged 28." 

" Catherine Ramsay, second daughter of Capt. T. Ramsay, and 
Jane Cruikshank, born April 16th, 1822, died Aug. 21, 1843, 
aged 21. 

" William Burnett-Ramsay of Banchory Lodge, late Captain in 
H.M's. Rifle Brigade, and Lieutenant-Colonel of the Forfar ami 
Kincardineshire Militia Artillery, born llth April, 1821, died 6th 
Nov. 1865. 

In honour of Captain T. Ramsay a memorial fountain has been 
raised in the village of Bauchory. 


In the Tilwhilly aisle of the old church monuments celebrate 
John Douglas of Tilwhilly, who died 6th March, 1773, aged 
thirty-six ; Mrs. Hannah Douglas, widow of John Douglas, of Til- 
whilly, and daughter of Sir G. L. A. Colquhoun, of Tillyquharn, 
Bart., who died 16th April, 1835, aged eighty-three; John Doug- 
las, of Tilwhilly, who died 6th July, 1812, aged forty ; George Lewis 
Augustus Douglas, sheriff of Kincardineshire, died 30th October, 
1847, aged seventy-six ; and John Douglas of Tilquhillie and 
Talkenhorst, Austria, died llth October, 1870. The learned John 
Douglas, D.D., Bishop of Salisbury, was son of the youngest brother 
of the proprietor of Tilwhilly. 

A marble tablet is thus inscribed : 

" Hie jacent Reverendi Magistri Jacobus Reid, a familia de Pit- 
fodels oriundus, Banchoriensis Ecclesise Pastor, a Reformatione 
primus; Robertus Reid dicti Jacobi films, et Robertus Reid, 
Roberti dicti nepos, uterque Ecclesise ejusdem Pastores. Hie jacent 
Magister Thomas Reid, qui obijt in Eslie, anno setatis 76 ; et 
Joanna Buruet, ejus conjux, quse obiit anno setatis 90. Necnon 
Thomas Reid, quondam in Pitenkirie, qui monumentum hoc erigi 
curavit, et obiit 31 Januarii 1733, setatis suse 76, et Agnes Fergu- 
son, ejus conjux, quse obiit 21 die Decembris, 1728, aetatis 70. Pet- 
rus Reid et Catherina Reid, eorum liberi." 

Thomas Reid, first-named in the inscription, was classical 
secretary to James VI. ; he composed latin, verses, and made valu- 
able additions to the library of Marischal College. Robert Reid 
(grandson of Robert) was great-grandfather of Professor Thomas 
Reid, the eminent metaphysician. 

Tombstones commemorate George Read, M.D., physician in Lon- 
don, who died in 1754, aged eighty-seven; Rev. Robert Burnet of 
Sauchine, minister of the parish, who died 18th June, 1701, aged 
fifty-three ; Duncan Davidson of Tilliechetly, and Inchmarlo, who 
died 8th December, 1849, aged 76 ; Rev. Francis Dauney, minis- 
ter of the parish who died 2nd April, 1800, aged 82 ; and the Rev. 
James Gregory, minister of the parish, who died 8th September, 
1829, aged eighty-three. 

A granite obelisk at Bellfield thus commemorates the learned and 
ingenious Dr. Francis Adams : 


274 KINC.\i;l>INFSHIKF. 

"In memoriam Francisci Adams, M.D., LL.D., medicortim 
omnium quotquot Scotia tolit, literarum thesauris necnon scientia- 
rum opibus eruditissimi. Diu in hac valle reducta, ab aula et aca- 
demia procul, medicinse simul et musis, vir vere Appollinaris, fi de- 
liter inserviit. Natus Lumphanani III. Id. Mart. MDCCXCVI. 
Mortuus Banchorise IV. Kal. Mart. MDCCCLXI. Carissimi capi- 
tis desiderio ainici posuere. 


A monument, built in the wall of the church, being recovered 
from the aisle of the older structure, is inscribed as follows : 

" Hie . jacet . Domina . Maria . Keyth . charissima . filia . 
nobilissimi . commitis . illustrissimique . Domini . Georgii . comitis 
. Marescalli . Domini . Keyth . et . Altrie . &c. . et . nobilissimse . 
clarissimseque . Dominae . Dnae . Margar . Ogilvy . Marescalli . 
comitissse . quae . fselix . in . Domino . obiit . 14 . Octob . Anno 
Domini . 1620 . ^Etatis . suse . 5o." 

" Vix lustrum vixit . mirabere plurima vixit 
Longaeva ilia mihi . quae bene vixit . erit 
Fselix vita obitus fselicior . ultima vox hsec 
Cum Christo ut vivam . nunc mihi dulce mori 
Vera igitur Maria es. Marthae mundana relinquis 
Cum Maria semper vive . fruare Deo." 

Lady Margaret Ogilvy, daughter of James, Lord Ogilvy, ancestor 
of the Earls of Airlie, was second wife of George, fifth Earl 
Marischal, the munificent founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen. 

The Scotts of Benholm, interred in the churchyard. Their 
burial-place is denoted by a tombstone thus inscribed : 

"Pise memoriae justisque meritis patris et mariti optimi, Robert! 
Scott a Benholm qui mortalitatis caeno relicto, in immortalitatis 
sedem sublatus est, aetatis suse anno LXIV. Salutis vero huraanse 
MDCXC. X. kal. Feb mausoleum hoc quale quale sacrum voluit 
superstes sua soboles et vidua Dna Catharina Ellis." 

" Tumulus seu defunctus 
Ne gemitu somnum, ne turbes gaudia luctu 


Ne laurum lachrymis pollue quisquis ades. 
Certavi hanc vitae pugnam, victoria parta est 
Et membris fessis obtigit alma quies 
Explevi numerum vitse ; terraque relicta 
Carpo ccelestis gaudia Jerusalem." 


In the parish churchyard a tombstone commemorates George 
Small, a respected philanthropist. Born at Edinburgh, on the 
26th May, 1782, he served some years as an officer in a regi- 
ment of fencibles. He subsequently became a partner in the firm 
of Muir, Wood & Co., music- sellers, Edinburgh. When a magis- 
trate of Edinburgh, in 1832, he established the House of Eefuge 
in that city ; he subsequently originated the Lock Hospital, and 
other benevolent institutions. In 1848 he retired from business. 
He latterly resided in Bervie, where he died, llth July, 1861. 

A monument denotes the resting-place of Alexander Aberdein, 
late Deputy Commissary of Ordnance, Bengal ; he died in December, 
1810, aged fifty-three. 


In the parish churchyard the burial-aisle of the Earls Marischal 
forms a conspicuous object ; according to a date above the door- 
way it was built in 1582, by George, fifth Earl Marischal, the 
founder of Marischal College. His lordship died in 1623, and 
was buried in the aisle. Within the railing beside the aisle, 
a tombstone commemorates the parents of Sir George Ogilvy, 
Governor of Dunnottar Castle. It is inscribed thus : 

" Here lyes a famovs and worthy gentillman, William Ogilvy, of 
Lumger, and Catharin Straqvhan, his spovs, he being seventy - 
six years of age, departed this lyef the 28 of Feb. 1651." 


Mr. Ogilvy was a cadet of the House of Inverquharity, and his 
wife was a niece of the Baronet of Thornton. 

According to Wodrow, 167 persons were, in 1635, brought from 
the west of Scotland and imprisoned in Dunnottar Castle for sup- 
porting the covenant. Of these nine died at Dunnottar, and to 
their memory some of the survivors, after the Kevolution, erected 
a tombstone, thus inscribed : 

" Here lyes John Stot, James Atchison, James Russell, and 
William Broun, and one whose name wee have not gotten, and two 
women whose names also wee know not, and two who perished 
comeing doune the Eock, one whose name was James Watson, 
the other not known, who all died prisoners at Dunnottar Castle, 
anno 1685, for their adherence to the Word of God and Scotland's 
Covenanted work of Reformation. Rev. 11 ch. 1 verse." 

On the gravestone of David Rannie, who died in 1802, are these 
lines : 

" The grave has eloquence, its lectures teach 
In silence, louder than divines can preach ; 
Hear what it says ye sons of folly hear ! 
It speaks to you, lend an attentive ear : 
It bids you lay all vanity aside, 
A humbling lecture this for human pride." 


In the parish churchyard are mortuary enclosures belonging to 
the proprietors of Fasque, Fettercairn, and Arnhall. Fasque estate 
formerly belonged to the Ramsays, Baronets of Balmain ; it is now 
in the possession of Sir Thomas Gladstone, Bart. 

A monument of white marble, in the interior of St. Andrew's 
Episcopal Church, commemorates the late Sir John Gladstone, 
Bart., and his lady. It is inscribed thus : 

" Sacred to the memory of Sir John Gladstone, of Fasque and 
Balfour, Baronet; born llth December, 1764, died 7th December, 


1851. And of his wife, Ann Robertson, born 4 Aug., 1772 ; died 
23 Sept., 1835." 

Son of Thomas Gladstone, shopkeeper in Leith, Sir John Glad- 
stone was there born in 1764. In his twenty-second year he 
proceeded to Liverpool, as clerk to a firm of corn-merchants ; he 
subsequently became a partner in the concern. Possessed of re- 
markable forethought and great commercial enterprise, he amassed 
a large fortune and entered Parliament. On retiring from busi- 
ness he purchased the estate of Fasque. He was created a baronet 
in 1846. Ann Robertson, his second wife, was daughter of the 
Sheriff of Dingwall. 

In the same church a monumental cross celebrates Captain 
Gladstone, R.N. ; it is engraved thus : 

"In gloriam honoremque Dei et in memoriam dilectissimam 
Johannis-Neilson Gladstone, in Classe Regali Xavarchi, qui obiit 
A.D. 1863, hunc cancellum ecclesise Sti. Andrese adstrui curavit 
frater mserens, T. G., A.D. 1867. 

Captain Gladstone was third son of the late Sir John Gladstone, 
Bart. ; he was sometime M.P. for Walsall. 

Memorial windows in St. Andrew's Church celebrate Ann 
M'Kenzie Gladstone, born 1802, died 1829; and Robert Gladstone, 
who died in 1835 ; sister and brother of the present baronet. 

A stained window in St. . Andrew's Church, and a memorial 
fountain in Fettercairn village, commemorate Sir John Hepburn 
Stuart-Forbes, Bart., born September 25, 1804, died 28th May, 
1866. Sir John was much esteemed as a social reformer and a 
promoter of agriculture. 

In Fettercairn churchyard a tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of George Kinloch, Esq., Deputy Judge 
Advocate and Master in Chancery, in the island of Jamaica, who died 
at Stonehaven,22 April, 1802, aged 60, and of Mrs. Susannah Wiggles- 
worth, his spouse, who died at Edinburgh, 7 May, 1841, aged 81. 
Their surviving children, Alexander, George Ritchie, Lydia, and Maria 
Kinloch, have erected this stqne as a mark of their filial affection, ' 

George Ritchie Kinloch, named in the inscription, edited, in 
1827, a volume of " Ancient Scottish Ballads." 


These rhymes are from tombstones in Fettercairn churchyard 

" The tyrant death spares neither age nor sex, 
The gayest mark he haughtily affects ; 
I 'iii-cuts from children, husbands from their wives, 
He often tears when most they wish their lives ; 
Learn then to fix on nothing here below, 
But on thy God, he'll Heaven on thee bestow." 

" He as a rock among vast billows stood ; 
Scorning loud winds and raging of the flood; 
And fix'd remaining all the force defies, 
Muster'd from threat'ning seas, and thundering skies, 
To keep amen his end still to observe, 
And from the laws of nature neer to swerve." 

" Under this stone the man and wife do lie, 
What was one flesh, we but one dust now spy ; 
Their daughter also lodgeth in this grave, 
So for three bodies, we one ashes have. 
The great Eternal Three and One with ease, 
Will from one dust all the three bodies rise, 
Which, winged to the celestial joys above, 
Shall never cease to sing their praise and love." 


The interior of the old cliuich is used as a place of interment. 
At the east end is the burial place of Duff, of Fetteresso ; it con- 
tains an elegant marble monument in memory of Colonel Robert 
W. Duff, and his wife, Mary Morrison, grand-daughter of General 
Abercrombie of Glassaugh, M.P. The aisle is used by the 
families of Hepburn of Rickarton and Gordon of Newhall. On 
the north side, beside the aisle a stone, dated 1610, commemorates 
Francis Hay, " son to the Laird of Wry." 

A tombstone celebrates, in a latin inscription, the Rev. Andrew 
Milne, minister of the parish, who died 12th October, 1640. His 


father, who bore the same Christian name, was originally master of 
the grammar school of Montrose, where he taught the celebrated 
James Melville, who has commemorated him in his Diary. 

A monument, erected by the members of his congregation, com- 
memorates the Eev. John Ballantyne, of the United Presbyterian 
church, Stonehaven, who died oth December, 1830, in the fifty- 
first year of his age, and the twenty-fourth of his ministry. Mr. 
Ballantyue composed a philosophical work, entitled " An Examina- 
tion of the Human Mind." 

In the church a monument commemorates John Fullarton, who 
died 10th July, 1620, aged seventy-nine ; he is supposed to have 
been one of the Fullartons of Cowie. 

A plain stone denotes the grave of Eobert Duthie, an ingenious 
poet. Born at Stonehaven on the 2nd of February, 1826, he was 
in his 14th year apprenticed to his father in the baking trade. He 
afterwards taught a school, but on the death of his father in 1847, 
he resumed his trade, with the view of supporting his mother and 
her young family. During his hours of leisure he composed verses. 
His " Song of the Old Eover " and " Boatman's Song " have 
obtained considerable popularity. After a period of declining health 
Mr. Duthie died, on the 4th January, 1865. His poems and songs> 
accompanied with a memoir, were published posthumously; 

Within the ruin of the old chapel at Cowie, is the burial vault 
of Innes of Cowie. Tombstones commemorate John Innes 
" formerly of Leuchars, and for many years sheriff substitute of the 
county, who died 10th July, 1827, in his eightieth year ; " also " Jean 
Innes, who died 26th June, 1831, aged eighty -two." Mr. Iniies was 
a cadet of the ancient " House of Cowie ; " his son is Professor 
Cosmo Innes, the eminent antiquary. 

In the Howff Park at Ury is situated the burial-aisle of the Bar- 
clays and Bairds, the past and present owners of the estate. Over 
the entrance is a tablet, thus inscribed : 

"Anno 1741 conditum auspicio Eoberti Barclay de Ury, .sump- 
tibus autem fratris sui Davidis Barclay, mercatoris Londonensis, 
ad majorum cineres tegendos, iiernpe Avi Colonelli Davidis Barclay 


de Ury, filii et hseredis Davidis Barclay de Matheris ; Patris Robert! 
Barclay de Ury, Apologise Auctoris ; nee non Matris, lectissiinae ob 
vitse sanctimoniam' et raram beneficentiam qua miseris et aegris, 
quotidie opitulabatur exemplum lucidum posteris indicatum est 
moribus ingenio candore, et sanguine clari cultores verse religionis 

David Barclay, at whose cost the aisle was constructed, was an 
opulent merchant in London ; he had the honour of entertaining 
Queen Anne and the first three Georges during their state visits 
to the city. 

A monument in the aisle presents the following pedigree of the 
Barclay family : 

"1. Theobald de Berkeley, born A.D. 1110, lived in the time of 
Alexander the First and David the First, Kings of Scotland. 2. 
Humphrey his sou, cousiu of Walter de Berkeley, Great Chamber- 
lain of the kingdom, became owner of a large domain in this county 
and from the lands of Balfeith, Monboddo, Glenfarquhar, and other 
portions of it granted to the monks of Aberbrothwick, donations 
that w r ere confirmed by William the Lion. 3. Richenda, his only 
child, renewed and made additions to these donations, and her grants 
were confirmed by K. Alexander the Second. 4. Dying with- 
out issue, she was succeeded by John de Berkeley, brother of Hum- 
phrey, who dispossessed the monks of all these donations, but was 
obliged to compromise and give them instead a portion of his lands 
of Conveth, and that transaction was confirmed by K. Alexander 
the Second. 5. Robert de Berkeley, son of John, had concurred in his 
father's compromise with the monks. 6. Hugh de Berkeley, son of 
Robert, obtained from King Robert Bruce a charter over the lands of 
Westerton and Conveth. 7. Alexander de Berkeley, son and suc- 
cessor of Hugh, married Catherine, sister of William de Keith, 
Marischal of Scotland, A.D. 1351, and by that marriage added to 
the paternal estates the then extensive domain of Mathers, con- 
veyed by charter from the Marischal confirmed by King David 
Bruce. 8. David de Berkeley, 2nd of Mathers, married the daughter 
of John de Seton. 9. His son Alexander de Berkeley, 3rd of 
Mathers, married Helen, daughter of Grahame of Morphie. 10. 
Their son David de Berkeley, 4th of Mathers, who built an im- 
pregnable castle called the Kaira of Mathers, and according to 
tradition, there took refuge on account of his concern in the mur- 
der of Melville, the sheriff ; married the daughter of Strachan of 
Thornton. 11. His son Alexander, 5th of Mathers, married the 


daughter of Wisliart of Pitarrow ; he changed the spelling of the 
family name to Barclay. 12. His son David Barclay, 6th of Mathers 
married Janet, daughter of Irvine of Drum. 13. Alexander Bar- 
clay, 7th of Mathers, son of David, married the daughter of Auch- 
inlech of Glenbervie, and anno 1497, sold the lands of Slains and 
Falside to Moncur of Knapp. 14. George Barclay, 8th of Mathers, 
his son, married the daughter of Sir James Auchterlony, of Auch- 
terlony and Kelly. 15. His son David Barclay, 9th of Mathers, 
married, first the daughter of Rait of Hallgreen, by whom he had a 
son George ; and second, Catherine Home, and to John, his son by 
her he gave the lands of Johnston. 16. George Barclay, 10th of 
Mathers, elder son of David, married first, the daughter of Sir 
Thomas Erskine of Brechin, Secretary to James V. of Scotland; second 
the daughter of Wood of Bonnington, to his son by her he gave the 
lands of Bridgetonand Jackston. 17. Thomas Barclay, llth of Mathers, 
elder son of George, married the daughter of Straiton of Lauriston. 
18. David Barclay, 12th of Mathers, son of Thomas, was born 
anno 1580 : polite and accomplished, he lived much at Court, 
incurring extravagant expenses, to the great impairment of his 
fortune, whereby he was obliged to sell five valuable estates ; he 
married first, Elizabeth, daughter of Livingston of Dunnipace, by 
whom he had five sons and a daughter ; second, Margaret Keith, 
granddaughter of Earl Marischal. To his daughter he gave a 
handsome fortune, to his sons a liberal education ; the two eldest 
died young. David, the third, became eminently conspicuous; 
Eobert, the fourth, was rector of the Scots College at Paris ; James, 
the youngest, a Captain of Horse, fell gloriously at the Battle of 
Philiphaugh. 19. Colonel David Barclay, the first of Ury, third 
son of David, 12th of Mathers, was born anno 1610, at Kirktonhill, 
the ancient seat of the family. Instructed in every accomplishment 
of the age, he entered as a volunteer the service of Gustavus Adol- 
phus of Sweden, in which he so distinguished himself as 'to gain 
the favour of that Monarch ; but called home by the Civil Wars 
which distracted Scotland, he was, anno 1646, placed in the 
Colonelcy of a Eoyal Regiment of Horse, and was repeatedly en- 
trusted with the command of an army, and the military government 
of considerable portions of the kingdom, in all which positions he 
acquitted himself with skill and bravery, and rendered important 
service to his country. In 1647, he married Catherine, daughter 
of Sir Eobert Gordon of Gordonston, who \y as second son of the 
Earl of Sutherland by Jane, daughter of the Marquis of Huntly, 
and was also cousin to King James the Sixth of Scotland. The 
estates of the Barclays of Mathers having been nearly all disposed 
of by his father, the Colonel acquired, by purchase from Earl 
Marisghal, the barony of Ury, and there fixed the residence of his 


family. He sat in the Scots Parliament as representative succes- 
sively for Sutherlandshire and the counties of Angus and Meurns. 
See his gravestone adjacent hereto. 

Tablets and monuments containing the following inscriptions 
are also to be found in the Barclay aisle : 

" The grave of Colonel David Barclay, of Urie, son and heir of 
David Barclay, of Mathers, and Elizabeth, daughter of Livingston, 
of Duuipace. He was born anno 1610 ; bought the barony of 
Urie, 1648 ; having religiously abdicated the world in 1666, he 
joined the Quakers, and died 12 of October 1686." 

"The grave of Robert Barclay, of Urie, Author of the " Apologie 
for the Quakers," son and heir of Colonel David Barclay, of Urie, 
and Katherine, daughter of the first Sir Robert Gordon, of Gordon- 
ston. He was born Deer. 23, 1648, and died Octr. 3, 16'JO. 
Also of his wife, Christian, daughter of Gilbert Mollison, Merchant 
in Aberdeen. She was born Anno 1647, and died Febry. 14, 

" The grave of Robert Barclay, of Ury, son and heir of Robert 
Barclay, of Ury, and of Christian, daughter of Gilbert Mollison, 
merchant in Aberdeen, and eldest son of Thomas Mollison, of 
Lauchintully. He was born March the 25th, 1672, and died 
March the 27th, 1747." 


"The grave of Robert Barclay, of Ury, and Elizabeth O'Brian, 
daughter of James O'Brian, Esq., of London, and sou of Colonel 
O'Brian, of the Kingdom of Ireland. He was grandson to Robert 
Barclay, of Ury, Author of the "Apology for the Quakers;" was 
born 20th July, 1699, and died 10th October, 1760." 

" The grave of Une Cameron, wife of Robert Barclay, of Ury, 
and daughter of Sir Evan Cameron, of Lochiel. She was bora 
March, 1701, and died March, 1762. Also of Jane Barclay, her 
daughter, who was born in 1726, and died in August, 1750." 

"The grave of Anne Barclay, the eldest daughter of Robert 
Barclay, of Ury, great-grandson of Robert Barclay, of Ury, Author 


of the " Apology for the Quakers ; " arid Sarah Anne Allardice, of 
Allardice, daughter and heiress of James Allardice of Allardice. 
She was born 13 September, 1777, and died 29th October, 1782." 

"To the memory of Eobert Barclay, of Allardice, Esquire, 5th 
of Ury, great-grandson of the Apologist, who was born at Ury in 
1731 ; and having acquired by marriage the estate of Allardice, 
thereupon assumed that additional surname. Inheriting from his 
father, Robert the Strong, symmetry of form and great muscular 
power, he excelled in all the athletic exercises. Succeeding to 
Ury on his father's death, in 1760, while it was yet in the rudest 
condition, he zealously devoted towards its improvement the 
energies of a vigorous mind, stored with a thorough knowledge of 
agriculture, attained by assiduous study of its theory and practice, 
in the best districts of England. Accordingly, he brought into 
high cultivation about 2000 arable acres, planted 1500 acres of 
wood, and executed the manifold operations connected with such 
works in a manner so unexampled and successful, that his practice 
became the conventional standard over an extensive district, and 
placed him in the foremost rank among Scottish agriculturists. 
By the grant of feu-rights on his estate of Arduthie, he laid the 
foundation of the New Town of Stonehaven, and lived to see it 
become a populous and thriving community. By unanimous 
election, he represented his , native county in three successive 
Parliaments. Distinguished by his loyalty and patriotism, and 
honoured with the intimate friendship of the great William Pitt, 
and other eminent statesmen of the time, he died at Ury, the 7th 
of April, 1797." 

" To the memory of Une Cameron, wife of John Innes, Esquire, 
of Cowie, who was born in 1778, and died at Cowie, in September, 
1809. Mary, born in 1780, who died in 1799. James Allardice, 
born in 1784, who died, in the island of Ceylon, in 1803. David, 
Major of the 28th Regiment of Foot, who was born in 1786, and 
died at Otranto, in Italy, in 1826. Rodney, born in 1782, who 
died in 1853, all children of Robert Barclay Allardice, Esquire, of 
Ury, and Sarah Anne Allardice, of Allardice, heiress of line of the 
Earls of Airth and Menteith." 

" In memory of Robert Barclay Allardice, Esquire, of Ury and 
Allardice, heir of line of the Earls of Airth and Menteith, born 


August 25th, 1779, died cm the 1st of May, 1854, in the 75th 
year of his age." 

"Robert Barclay Allardice, of Ury,born 25th August 1779, died 
1st May, 1854." 

Robert Barclay, of Allardice and Ury, who died in 1797, con- 
tributed to " Archgeologica Scotica" a paper on the site of the 
battle of Mons Grampius. Robert Barclay Allardice, who died 
in 1854, was renowned for his pedestrian feats. He exercised a 
profuse hospitality, and was a zealous agriculturist. With reference 
to the claims of the House on the earldom of Airth and Menteith, 
see supra, p. 246. 

In the Barclay aisle are deposited the remains of Alexander 
Baird, of Ury, who died in 1862. By this gentleman, a member 
of the Gartsherrie family, the aisle was repaired and renovated. 

The following rhymes are from gravestones in Fetteresso church- 
yard : 

" Our lyefe is short, and 'tis 

Fulle of sorrowe, 
We're here to-day, and straight 
Are gone to-morrow." 

" Pain was my portion ; 

Physic was my food ; 
Sighs were my devotion ; 
Drugs did me no good ; 
Till Christ my Redeemer, 

' Who knows what is best, 
To ease me of my pain 
Has taken me to rest." 



A sculptured stone at St. Palladius' Chapel is supposed to 
commemorate the death of Kenneth III., in 994. According to 
the narrative, he was slain by two assassins employed by 
Finella, a royal princess, in revenge for his having caused her 
son to be put to death. The stone presents three figures on horse- 
back, each provided with a spear the first and third being evidently 
of inferior rank. At the feet of the central horseman lies a sceptre 
or decorated weapon. The stone was discovered under the pulpit 
of the old church. Kenneth III. occupied the castle of Kincardine, 
a royal structure in which John Baliol resigned the crown to the 
haughty Edward. It is now a ruin. 

A vault of the old church was the burial-place of the Falconers, 
of Glenfarquhar, now represented by the Earl of Kintore. A 
tombstone in the vault is thus inscribed : 

" 1668. In spem beatse resvrrectionis hie veluti svffitvs thalamo 
svaviter in Domino obdormit dux Eobertvs Irvin, a Monboddo, 
Dominvs, qui pie fatis cessit (3 Ivlii, anno salvtis hvmanse 1652, et 
setatis svse anno 80 : 

" Conjvge progenie felix ; virtvtis, honesti 
Cvltor, et antiqvis exorivndvs avis, 
Hoc cvbat Irvinvs monvmento. Caetera norvnt 
Musa et vitiferis Seqvana clarvs aqvis." 

Captain Robert Irvine was ancestor of the celebrated James 
Burnett, Lord Mouboddo. 

In the vestibule of the new parish church a marble tablet com- 
memorates Alexander Crombie, of Phesdo, who died 21st November, 
1832, aged sixty-six. He was in his estate succeeded by his first 
cousin, Alexander Crombie, LL.D., author of various works on 
philosophy and grammar. 

A granite pillar, reared in 1850, commemorates George Wishart, 
the celebrated Martyr ; it is thus inscribed : 

" This monument is erected to the memory of one of Scotland's 


first and most illustrious martyrs, George Wishart, of Pitarrow, in 
this parish ; and as a testimony of gratitude to the great Head of 
the Church, for the work of the Reformation, on behalf of which 
his servant suffered. He was born in 1513, and was burned at 
St. Andrews, 1st March, 1546. 'The righteous shall be in ever- 
lasting remembrance.' " 

The estate of Pitarrow remained in the family of Wishart from 
the beginning of the thirteenth till the commencement of the 
seventeenth century. 

The three following inscriptions are from tombstones belonging 
to the families of Leith and Arnott : 

" Under the flat stone. 5 feet south from this wall, lies the body 
of James Leith, of Whiteriggs, who died 20th Feb., 1788, aged 63. 
And on the south side of that stone lies the body of Margaret 
Young, his wife, who died 6 April, 1783, aged 58. The virtue 
of their lives made their deaths lamented, and this stone is in 
gratitude erected to their memories by their children. Here are 
also interred the body of Margaret Hacket, his mother, who died in 
April, 1765, aged 56. And Doctor Charles Leith, his brother, who 
died 6 of May, 1731, aged 56. And also of two of his children, 
Piamsay Leith, and Leith, who died in infancy." 

"Sacred to the memory of James Arnott, Esq., who died at 
Arbikie, in Forfarshire, 3 Dec., 1799 ; and of his wife, Janet Leith, 
who died at Edinburgh, 29 Aug., 1827 ; and of their two younger 
sons, Charles Arnott, Esq., formerly solicitor in London, who died 
at Leithfield Cottage, in this parish, 21 Sept., 1841, and whose 
body is here interred. And David Leith Arnott, Esq., a Major in 
the East India Company's service, who died in India, 19th Oct., 
1840. And of their youngest daughter, Helen Arnott, who died 
in Montrose, 21 Feb., 1807. James Leith Arnott, grandson of 
said James Arnott and Janet Leith, died at Edinburgh, 10 Novr., 
1818, aged 2 years." 

" James Leith, of Whiteriggs or Leithfield, and Margaret Young, 
spouses, whose names are mentioned on a tablet erected near 
this stone, left six children, viz. Alexander Leith, died at sea in 
Jan., 1805, aged 53. John Leith, died at Surinam in 1805, surgeon 


of the 16th regiment of Foot, aged 49. James Leith, died at 
Madras, 12th Nov., 1829, a Major-General in the service of the 
East India Company, aged 65. Janet Leith, or Arnott, wife of 
James Arnott, mentioned on' the other side, died at Edinburgh, 
aged 73, leaving a family Margaret Leith, died at Edinburgh, 
March 13, 1835, aged 77. Elizabeth Leith, died at Edinburgh, 
29 April, 1841, aged 81. Erected by the three surviving children 
of the said James Arnott and Janet Leith." 

An altar-stone denotes the resting-place of Dr. James Badenoch, 
of Whiteriggs, who died 21st December, 1797, aged fifty-four; he was 
grandfather of the late J. Badenoch-Mcholson, Esq., of Glenbervie. 

Within a mortuary enclosure, a tombstone commemorates James 
Gammell, Esq., of Drumtochty, who died loth September, 1825, 
aged eighty-nine. His son, Lieutenant- General Andrew Gammell, is 
interred in Westminster Abbey. 

On tombstones in the parish churchyard are these rhymes : 

" This dust which now obscurely lies, 
Once animated was by one 
Whose amiable qualities 
Seldom, if ever, were outshone." 

" This dust which here doth rest in sacred peace, 
Once lodg'd a soul eurich'd with every grace ; 
A safe companion, and a friend approv'd 
In death regretted and in life belov'd. 
Well pleased, Heaven crown'd his virtues with success, 
And soon receiv'd him to the seats of bliss ; 
At Life's mid age he gained that happy shore, 
Where friends unite, and death can part no more." 

" Love conjvgal in this lyfe keeps amity, 
Bvt death doth come and break society ; 
Yet here is love come to behold and see, 
That with death strove and got the victory. 
Together they did live, together dy, 
Together wer both bvried in one day ; 
Together they within this grave do ly, 
Together they shall reign with Christ for aye." 


A gravestone in Garvock churchyard presents these lines : 

" Each letter'd stone some lesson reads, 

And bids you stop your pace ; 
Each warning you in solemn tone, 

Where ends your mortal race. 
Soon will your own a lecture read, 

In every caviller's ear ; 
And bid the passing stranger halt, 

And shed a pitying tear. 
Let thy mortality be grav'd, 

Deep on thy faithful mind ; 
Before the journey er o'er thy tomb, 

Memento mori find." 


In the Douglas aisle a monument commemorates Sir William 
Douglas, of Glenbervie, ninth Earl of Angus, and his wife, Egedia, 
daughter of Sir Robert Graham, of Morphie. From James V. his 
Lordship obtained a charter in 1591, confirming him in the ancient 
privileges of his house, viz., to vote first in council and in Parlia- 
ment, to lead the van of the royal army, and to carry the crown 
at coronations. He died in 1591. 

On a mural tablet are set forth the valiant exploits and dis- 
tinguished alliances of the Barons of Glenbervie, from the sup- 
posed origin of that house in the eighth century. 

The Stuarts of Inchbreck, formerly interred in the churchyard. 
On the ruin of the old church a brass plate presents a list of the 
lairds of Inchbreck, from 1550 downwards. 

A tombstone commemorates James Burnes, farmer, Brawlinmuir, 
who died in 1743, and his wife Margaret Falconer. They were 
great-grand parents of the poet Burns. 



In Kinnetf churchyard are commemorated four persons, whose 
enterprise and patriotism form an interesting episode in the 
national history. When Scotland was overrun hy an English 
army under Cromwell, the Estates determined (June, 1651) that 
for greater safety the Scottish Eegalia should be removed to Dun- 
nottar Castle, a fortress belonging to the Earl Marischal, and which 
was then garrisoned by George Ogilvie, of Barras, the Lieutenant- 
Governor. Ogilvie received the precious insignia, and resolved at 
all hazards to preserve them from the enemy. To Dunnottar 
Castle was laid a close siege, and an early surrender became 
inevitable. In March, 1652, Mrs. Grainger, wife of the minister 
of Kinneff, attended by her maid, both on horseback, requested 
permission from the English commander to enter the castle to visit 
her friend Mrs. Ogilvie, who, with the governor, belonged to Kin- 
neff parish. Leave was granted, and after a short visit, Mrs. 
Grainger and her maid returned from the castle. The latter carried 
in a bag of lint, the sword and sceptre, while Mrs. Grainger bore 
the crown in a small bundle on her arm. The English general, 
unsuspecting a plot, helped Mrs. Grainger to her horse. That night 
Mr. Grainger made a hole under a pavement stone in front of his 
pulpit, and therein placed the crown and sceptre wrapped in 
linen. The sword of state he deposited in the soil under a pew in 
another portion of the edifice. Subsequently the regal symbols 
were kept in the manse in a double-bottomed bed. 

Dunnottar Castle surrendered, and the governor was called on to 
deliver up the royal insignia. He protested that they were not in 
his keeping, and was in consequence subjected to some severity. 
At the Eestoration, Mrs. Grainger restored to him the precious 
symbols, and on his delivering them up to the proper custodier 
he was rewarded with a baronetcy. His monument, which rests 
upon the south wall of the church, is thus inscribed : 

" ^Eternse memorise sacrum D. Georgii Ogilvie de Barras, Equitis 



Baroneti, qui Arci Dunotriensi praefectus strenue earn per aliquod 
tempus adversus paricidarum Angloram copias tutatus, earn tandem 
dedere est coactus. Non ante tamen quam ipsius conjugisque suae 
D. Elizabethae Douglassiae opera Imperil Scotici Insignia, Corona, 
sciz : Sceptrum et Gladius, ibi reposita, clatn inde avecta atque in 
hac Kinneffi aede sacra in tuto essent collocata. Ob egregia haec 
viri in Patriam merita constantemque et illibatam in Regiam 
Familiain fidem Equitis Baroneti honorem per literas patentes III. 
Non : Mart : anno MDCLX. a Rege datas, est consecutus : auctis 
ejus Paternis Insignibus gentilibus quibus in hunc usque diem 
familia sua utitur. Eegio porro diplomate Magno Scotiae Sigillo 
munito ei concessum est terrarum suarum possidendarum jus a 
tenura quam vulgo Wardam Simplicem appellant, in Albam quae 
dicitur tenuram commutaretur. In utroque hoc instrumento Regio 
summa ejus in principes suos fidelitas atque egregia merita maximo 
cum delogia commemorabantur. David Ogilvie, F,ques Baronetu's 
supra dicti pronepos obiit JSTon : Decem : MDCCXCIX. annos 
natus LXX. Domina Ogilvie hujus conjux obiit XIV. Kal : Ian : 
anno MDCCC. annos nata LIII. Ambo in hac aede sepulti." 

To Mrs. Grainger Parliament voted 2,000 merks. For her hus- 
band was reserved a gravestone, with these commendatory lines 
of Latin verse 

" Scotia Grangeri cui Insignia Regia debet 
Servata hie cineres reliquiaeq' jacent. 
Abstulit obsesso paene hsec captiva Dunotro, 
Coudidit et sacra qva tvmvlator hvmo. 
Proemia dant superi ; patrii servator honoris 
Sceptra rotat superos inter athleta chor . . " 

Mr. Grainger died in 1663, aged about fifty-seven. His widow, 
whose maiden name was Christian Fletcher, married a landowner 
in the district, named Abercrombie. In the parochial charge Mr. 
Grainger was succeeded by the Rev. James Honyman, sou of David 
Honyman, baker in St. Andrews, and who was sometime assistant 
to Mr. James. Sharp, minister of Crail, the future archbishop. A 
tombstone commemorates Mr. Honyman and his descendants, 
three of whom were in succession ministers of the parish. It is 
inscribed thus : 

" In memory of Mr. James Honyman, brother of Andre\v, Bishop 


of Orkney, and Robert, Archdean of St. Andrews, who was settled 
minister of this parish of Kinneff, 30th Sept. 1663, and died 2nd 
May, 1693, and is here interred. And of Mr. Andrew Honyman, 
his eldest son, who succeeded in the charge, and died 30th Dec. 
1732; and, together with his wife, Helen Eait, of the family of 
Finlawston, is here interred. And of Mr' James Honyman, his 
eldest son, and successor in this charge, who died 16th Jan. 1780, 
aged seventy-seven years, and is interred here, with his wife 
Katherine Allardyce, daughter of Provost Allardyce in Aberdeen. 
And of Mr. James Honyman, his eldest son, who succeeded him 
in this charge, and died 5th Aug. 1781, aged thirty-six years, and 
is here interred. This monument is erected by Mr. John, a dis- 
senting clergyman in England, Dr. Eobert, a physician in Virginia, 
and Helen, the wife of Eobert Edward, in Harvieston, brothers and 
sister of the last deceased/' 

Mr. James Honyman, minister of Kinneff, grandson of the suc- 
cessor of Mr. Grainger, composed the popular song, " Hie, bonnie 
lassie, blink over the burn," and other verses. 

A member of the family of Graham, of Morphie, is on an 
ancient gravestone thus commemorated : 

" Hoc . tvmvlo . conditvs . est . vir . pivs . et gerosvs . Eobert . 
Grahame . de . largie . Domini a . Morfe . fl' . terti' . qyi. et . 
sancte . in . doio obdormiit . Anno . Christi . 1597 . anno . aetatis 

SV83 . 37." 

An altar tombstone celebrates by the following inscription, 
several yeomen descendants of the noble house of Lindsay : 

"Andreas Lindsay, teneno de Whisleberry films Joannis et 
nepos alij Joaimis Lindsays, diet, prsedij tenen., pronepos Jacobi 
Lindsay, tenen. de Brigend, et abnepos Eogeri Lindsay, tenen. de 
Barras, ab illustri et antiqua familia Lindseorum, primo de 
Glenesque, et postea de Edzel designat., orti, diversarum nobilium 
familiarum ancestorum, tribus ult. ment. apud Caterline sepultis, 
hoc posuit memorise diet, sui Patris, qui obijt 20 De. 1724, setatis 
57 ; Joannae Napier, ejus Matris, quse fatis concessit 30 No. 1743, 
setatis 56 ; (sepultae apud Bervy) ; Catharinae Christy, ejus uxoris, 
quse decessit 25 Ap. 1743, setatis 38 ; et Catharines Lindsay, suse 
filise, quse obijt in pueritia. Obijt ille Andreas Lindsay 2do Julii 
1761, setatis vero 57, hie q sepultus. Ejus liberi superstiies fuere, 


Joannis (patris successor in Whislebeny), Hugo (scriba in Aber- 
deen) Joanna (uxor Gulielnii Cruickshank, civis Aberdonensis), 
Helena et Anna (adhuc innupta) ; Jacobo, filio primogenito (apud 
Cork, in Hibernia, in Classa Eegia), mortuo mense Febraarii 1759, 
setatis 30. Joannes Lindsay, qui patri successit in Whistlebeny, 
obijt 14 Jul. 1809, an. set. 74, et hujus uxor, Christian Walker, 
decessit 14 Aug. 1830, an. set. 94. Ambo hie sepulti. Alexander 
Lindsay, horum filius teneno de Whistleberry, obiit 6 Nov. 1831, 
an. set. 68 ; cujus filia natu maxima, Margaret, innupta decessit 7 
Nov. 1831, an. aet. 22. In hoc sepulchro una contumulati." 

A tombstone inscribed as follows, celebrates John Young, of 
Stank, sheriff of the county, and his son William Young, M.D., of 
Fawsyde, with the members of his family : 

" Memorise Joannis Young de Stank, vicecomitis de Kincardine, 
qui obijt quarto die Martij, anno 1750, aetatis 52. Gulielmus 
Young, M.D., filius hoc marmor posuit." 

"In memory of William Young, M.D., of Fawsyde, who died 
9 March 1850 ; and of his wife, Mary Logic, who died 18 Nov. 
1838. Also of their only child Jane Young, who died 2 March 

In the churchyard a memorial slab is thus inscribed : 

DEPARTED . THIS . LYFE . FEBRUARY . THE . 10 . 1695. OF. AGE . 20 . 

As parochial schoolmaster Mr. Belbie was succeeded by the cele- 
brated Thomas Buddiman, who held the office four years. 

On an altar stone, Bishop Watson, of the Episcopal Church, is 
celebrated thus : 

"Viro admodum Reverendo Jonathan Watson, in Ecclesia 
Scotise Episcopo, pietatis aliarumque virtu turn vere evangelicarum 
emulo ; in bonis literis inque theologia exercitato ; animo firmo ; 


filio, patri, conjugi amantissimo. Sui omnibus officii sacri mune- 
ribus per 17 annos apud Laurencekirk fideliter functus, multum 
defletus obiit 28 die Janu., 1808, annum 46 agens. Vidua et mater 
marentes H.M.P." 

In 1792 Mr. Watson was consecrated Bishop of Dunkeld, but he 
continued to minister at Laurencekirk till the period of his death. 
By his marriage with Miss Edgar, of Keithock, he left a daughter, 
who resides in Edinburgh, unmarried. 

Tombstones commemorate the Eev. William Milne of the Epis- 
copal church, Laurencekirk, who died in 1817, aged 42, and the 
Eev. Eobert Spark, also Episcopal clergyman at Laurencekirk, who 
died 3rd May, 1839, in the eighty-first year of his age, and the 
fifty-ninth of his ministry. 

Alexander Beattie, who died in 1778, aged twenty-six, has on his 
tombstone these lines, composed by his relative, Dr. Beattie, author 
of " The Minstrel " : 

" Ah ! early lost ! ah ! life ! thou empty name, 
A noontide shadow, and a midnight dream ; 
Death might have satisfied his craving rage, 
And mow'd down all the vices of the age, 
But Heav'n who saw, offended with our crimes, 
Begrudg'd thy virtues to the abandoned times ; 
By his cold hand transplanted thee on high, 
To live and flourish thro' eternity." 

On the gravestone of Alexander Forbes, blacksmith, Dr. Beattie 
has also inscribed a poetical epitaph. Forbes was father of the 
Eev. David Forbes, minister of the parish; he died 7th August 
1768 :- 

" Shall venal flattery prostitute the muse, 
To senseless titles spurious honours pay, 
And yet to rural worth such lays refuse, 
Which Truth may banish with her brightest ray. 
Forbid it Equity ! The task be mine 
To yield his memory all the praise I can ; 
The whole's compris'd in this conclusive line, 
God's noblest work (here lyes) an Honest man." 


A tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of Alexander Shank of Castlerig, some- 
time minister of the Gospel at St. Cyrus, who died at Laurencekirk 
on the 5th Jany. 3814, aged 75 years: Also, Diana, his wife, 
daughter of the late Robert Scott of Dunninald, parish of Craig, 
who died here on the 24th Feb y . 1825, aged 84 years: and 
Jane, their youngest daughter, who died at her house in Lau- 
rencekirk, on the 23d of Nov. 1840 : Also, in memory of Henry 
Shank, of Castlerig and Gleniston, Esq., last surviving son of the 
above Alexander and Diana Shank, who died January 4, 1860, 
aged 81. 

The Rev. Alexander Shank, son of the minister of Arbutlmot, was 
admitted to the pastoral charge of St. Cyrus in 1759. He resigned 
the living in 1781, on succeeding to the estate of Castlerig, Fifeshire, 
and thereafter established his residence at Laurencekirk. His son 
mentioned in the epitaph became a Director of the East India 
Company, and his daughter, Diana, married the Rev. George 
Cook, D.D., minister of Laurencekirk, and subsequently Professor 
of Moral Philosophy at St. Andrews. 

In the church a marble tablet thus commemorates Dr. Duirs, an 
eminent army surgeon, born in the parish. 

"In memory of William Duirs, M.A., M.D., Deputy Inspector- 
General of Hospital and Fleets, a native of this parish, who fell a 
victim to yellow fever, contracted in the execution of his duty at 
the Royal Naval Hospital, Jamaica, 8 June 1867, aged 47 years. 
This tablet is erected by sixty-two of his brother medical officers 
as a testimony of their high appreciation of his sterling worth, kind- 
ness of heart, and professional abilities. ' 

A plain tombstone celebrates Charles Stevens, the original manu- 
facturer of the Laurencekirk snuff boxes ; he died 6th August 
1821, aged sixty-eight. 



Among the ruins of the old church are two recumbent figures 
believed to represent Menzies, of Maryculter, and his lady, who 
nourished in the fifteenth century. The family obtained by 
marriage the estate of Pitfoddles. John Menzies, of Pitfoddles, 
who died in 1849, bequeathed his lands and mansion-house for a 
Catholic College. The mansion, much enlarged, is now known as 
Blair's College ; it contains an excellent library and some valuable 

A granite monument on the hill of Auchlec celebrates John 
Irvine-Boswell, of Balmuto and Kingcausie, son of Claude Boswell, 
Lord Balmuto. The monument is inscribed thus : 

" In memory of John Irviue-Boswell, of Balmuto and Kingcausie. 
born 28th December, 1785 ; died 23rd December, 1860. A man 
who loved his Saviour, walked steadfastly with his God, and whose 
rule of life was " Whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the 
name of the Lord Jesus Christ." In early life he joined the Cold- 
stream Guards, and carried their Colours in the battle of Talavera. 
Retiring from the army he settled at Kingcausie, and lived to 
transform the natural barrenness of the Estate into luxuriant 
fertility. He will long be remembered in the district for the 
enlightened zeal he displayed in the introduction of all the im- 
provements of modern agriculture ; and he did not confine his 
attention to his own Estates, his knowledge and experience being 
ever at the service of his neighbours, rich and poor alike. In 
every position and relation of life he maintained, with rare fidelity, 
the character of a Christian Gentleman ; and he died in peace, 
trusting simply in the merits of his Saviour for acceptance 
with his God. His sorrowing widow, Margaret Irvine-Boswell, 
erected this monument as a solace in, her bitter bereavement, 

Members of the family of Gordon, of Ellon, are interred in the 

A tombstone with an inscription commemorates Dr. John 
Glennie, minister of the parish, who died in 1801, aged eighty-one. 
Dr. Glennie's youngest son, George, was minister of the West 
Church, Aberdeen, and Professor of Moral Philosophy in Marischal 



In the churchyard an aisle, which formed the transept of the 
old church, is the burial place of Strachan, of Thornton. The ceiling 
is adorned with heraldic devices. A marble tablet bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

" Epicedium thrcenodicum . . memoriam fseminge lectissimse, 
Dominse Elizabethae Forbesee, Dominse a Thornton, seternitutis 
candidatse, . . . meritorum . . . nissima, puerpera, im- 
mature fato . . . repta est, dum annum tetatis vigesimum 

quintum agebat, die decimo lanuarij . . 

61 : Cujus fragrantissimse memorise, licet . . . . de monu- 
mentis omni sere perennioribus abunde satis litatum sit, hoc tain 
. . magnifico mausoleo, parentau' dum curavit conjunx ipsius 
pullatus, D. lacobus Strahanus a Thorntonse, eques auratus. 

" Siste, viator, habes summi monumenta .... 
Virtutis tumulum, pieridumq' vid . . 
Omnis una fuit brevis haec quam con .... 
Lux nuper patrise . . levis umb . . . 
Aurea si tautas fudere crepuscula . . . 

Luxisset, quanto sidere 

Quanta fuit pietas quam stemmatis 

Enthea mens roseus quam sine sente sinus. 
Quantus et oris honos ; Phoenix vixitq' caditq', 
Qualem non poterant reddere . . . decem, 
At mutura polio cecidit Christoq' ; quid . . . 
Ignavi ssecla numerant, facta boni. 
Mors ipsa non separadit." 

Lady Strachan was third daughter of Forbes, of Waterton, Aber- 
deenshire ; about the close of the seventeenth century the estate of 
Thornton became the possession of this house. It now belongs to 
Mr. Crombie, of Pitarrow. The baronetcy is dormant. 

A mortuary enclosure belongs to the family of Taylor, of Kirk- 
ton Hill, cadets of the old house of Taylor, of Borrowfield. 

A plain tombstone commemorates Margaret Low, wife of John 
Herd, tenant in Muirton, and mother of David Herd, the eminent 
collector of Scottish ballads; she died 14th December, 1751, in 
her sixtieth year. (Vol. I., p. 83.) 


On a tombstone, sculptured with his instruments of trade, is com- 
memorated Adam Glyge, blacksmith, who died 4th March, 1698, 
aged eighty-six. His near relative, a blacksmith in Arbuthnot 
parish, was father of the Eight Eeverend Bishop Gleig, of Stirling, 
and grandfather of the Eev. George Eobert Gleig, Chaplain- 

Within the parish church a marble tablet is thus inscribed : 

" The Eev. James Shand, A.M., minister of this parish from 1805 
to 1837, and previously of the College Church, Aberdeen, son of 
James Shand, Esq., merchant there, born 18th Aug. 1757, died 5th 
January, 1837. Margaret Farquhar, his wife, born llth Aug., 
1767, died llth January, 1840, daughter of Alexander Farquhar, 
Esq., of Kintore, by his wife Elizabeth Harvey, great grand-daugh- 
ter of James Harvey, of Kilmundy. and his wife, Margaret Baird, 
of Auchmedden. He was an accomplished scholar, a kind 
husband and father, and a devoted pastor. In all the relations of 
life she was equally examplary both were united in that faith and 
hope which vanquish death, and realise the rest which remain eth 
to the people of God. This tablet is affectionately dedicated by 
their surviving sons to the memory of the best of parents." 

The third son of Mr. and Mrs. Shand, Sir Charles Farquhar 
Shand, is Chief Justice of the Mauritius. 

On gravestones in Marykirk bury ing-ground are these 
rhymes : 

" Thou hast the promise of eternal truth, 

Those who live well, and pious paths pursue, 
To man and to their Maker true, 
Let 'em expire in age or youth, 
Can never miss 
Their way to everlasting bliss." 

" Death's shade is made the hiding-place, 
When worldly troubles do increase ; 
When converts young are called home, 
Before these troublous days do come, 
It warning gives to older sort 
To fly to Christ their chief support, 
Though ye be young as well as I, 
Yet faith will learn you how to dy." 

KIN< Ai:iiiM:sim;K. 

" Oh, tluit it were with me, 
As in the days of old, 
"With children about me, 
In number manifold! 
But here mine only son, 
In this dark grave is laid, 
And hindered not his father 
To sleep into his bed; 
Because that the oppressor, 
Upon his side had power, 
And none to comfort me, 
Altho' I mourned sore." 

" He'll order Death, that porter rude, 

To open the gates of brass ; 
For, lo, with characters of blood 

Thy husband wrote thy pass. 
At Jordan deep then be not feared, 

Tho' dismal-like and broad ; 
Thy sun will guide, thy shield will guard - 

Thy husband paved the road. 
He'll lead thee safe, and bring thee Home, 

So still let blessings fall 
Of grace while here till glory come 

Thy husband's bound for all." 

A massive monument is thus inscribed : 

" Sacred to the memory of Sir Joseph Straton, of Kirkside, Com- 
panion of the Bath ; Knight of the Guelphic Order of Hanover, 
and of the Order of St. Waldemar of Russia ; Lieut.-General of the 
British Army ; youngest son of William Muter, Esq., of Annfield, 
Fifeshire, and Mrs. Janet Straton, of Kirkside, Kincardineshire. 
This brave and accomplished officer entered the army in early life, 
and served with distinguished honor in the Peninsular War and 
at Waterloo, under Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington. He 
commanded his own regiment of the 6th Dragoons until the fall 
of the gallant Ponsonby, to whose brigade he belonged, when the 
command of the brigade devolved upon him. Towards the close 


of the action Sir Joseph Straton was wounded, and upon the 
termination of the war, as a reward for his services, he had various 
military honours conferred upon him. He died Colonel of the 
Enniskillen Dragoons, at London, 23d Oct., 1840, in the 63d year 
of his age, and is interred here by his own desire." 

Sir Joseph Straton succeeded Joseph Straton, his maternal uncle, 
in the lands of Kirkside, a family representing the older and dis- 
tinguished House of Straton, of Lauriston. Alexander de Straton fell, 
with several of his sons, at the Battle of Harlaw, in 1411. George 
Straton, of Lauriston, was one of the first persons of rank who 
supported the Reformed doctrines. His son, Sir Alexander Straton, 
was in 1603 Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly. 

A burial-aisle belonging to the Grahams of Morphie, has lately 
been restored by Barron Graham, Esq., of Morphie, the present 
representative of that House. 

Within a mortuary enclosure, a monument celebrates George 
Beattie, an ingenious and short-lived poet ; it is thus inscribed : 

"To the memory of George Beattie, writer in Montrose, who 
died 29th Sept., 1823, in the 38th year of his age, this monument 
was erected by the friends who loved him in life and lamented him 
in death. In his disposition, he was just, charitable and benevo- 
lent ; in his principles, firm and independent ; in his genius, forcible 
and pathetic ; and in his manners, plain and social. His virtues 
are deeply engraved in the hearts of those who knew him, and his 
literary productions will be admired while taste for original humour 
and vigorous expression remain." 

Beattie was a native of the parish. A writer of verses from his 

youth, he is best known as the author of " John o' Arnha," a poem 

in the manner of Burns's " Tarn o' Shanter." Possessed of a morbid 

. sensitiveness, he was led, through disappointed affection, to take his 

own life. He perished in his 38th year. 

On tombstones in the churchyard are these rhymes : 

" If honour wait on pedigree, 

And ancient blood we boast ; 
I claim descent from Adarn, 
Who of mankind was first. 


From Noah next my line I have, 

Through Cambria's hardy sons, 
To Scotia's bleak, but friendly clime, 

In earth to lay my bones." 

" When first I drew the breath of life 

I nothing knew at all ; 
Yet long before my death I knew 

That I with Adam fell. 
My body lays near to this stone, 

Waiting the morning call ; 
When Christ will take me by the hand. 

He is my all and all." 

" Low here his mouldering body's laid, 
Now wrapt in death's oblivious shade ; 
I trust his soul dwells with the blest, 
In mansions of eternal rest. 
Let every one who reads his fate, 
Reflect on life's uncertain date ; 
And learn to run their worldly race 
That they through Christ may die in peace. 
His parents hope to meet again 
Their son, beyond the reach of pain, 
And sin, and death, when saints shall rise, 
To reign immortal in the skies." 

An obelisk on the estate of Morphie, thirteen feet in height, is 
supposed to commemorate a son of Camus and some other Danish 
chief, who fell in battle at the spot. According to tradition; the 
Danes, after their defeat at Panbride, retreated northwards, and 
here were again attacked by the Scots, and again signally routed. 


In the parish churchyard a marble monument commemorates 
Colin Campbell, Esq., of Kilmartin and Blackball, who died 27th 
April, 1861, aged thirty-three. 


A tombstone celebrates Joseph Grant, an ingenious writer ; it is 
thus inscribed : 

" In memory of Joseph Grant, author of " Tales of the Glens," 
and other pieces in prose and verse, who died April 14, 1835, aged 
30 years. Erected by his father and mother, Eobert and Isobel 
Grant, Affrosk, Banchory-Ternan. 

" Though young in years, and not unknown to fame ; 
Though worth and genius both had told his name ; 
Though hope was high and certain honour near, 
He left the world without a sigh or tear ; 
Yes ! trusting in the Saviour's power to save, 
No sting had death, no terror had the grave ; 
His parting words, in prospect of the tomb, 
Were, ' Dearest Mother, I am going home ! ' ' 

Grant was born in the parish of Banchory-Ternan on the 26th 
May, 1805. He received an ordinary education at the parish school, 
and was thereafter employed in desultory work about his father's 
farm. After some changes he became clerk in the office of a 
solicitor. In 1828 he published his " Juvenile Lays," and in 1830 
" Kincardineshire Traditions," a small volume of ballads. To 
Chambers's Edinburgh Journal he furnished a series of tales and 
sketches, and in 1834 committed to the press his best work, " Tales 
of the Glens," which was published posthumously. Of a fine 
genius and amiable disposition, Grant afforded promise of attaining 
literary eminence. He was cut off by a pulmonary ailment. 

302 ARKi;i>KKNsim;K. 



In the chapel of King's College (founded by Bishop Elphinston 
in 1494) a monument celebrates Henry Scougal, Professor, first 
of Philosophy and afterwards of Theology in that institution. The 
inscription is as follows : 

" Memorise sacrum Henricus Scougal reverendi in Christo patris, 
Patricii episcopi Abredonensis films ; philosophise, in hoc academia 
regia per quadrenuium totidemque annis ibidem theologiie pro- 
fessor, ecclesise in Auchterless uno anno interstite pastor ; multa 
in tarn brevis vita? curriculo, didicit, praestitit, docuit : cceli avidus 
et ccelo, maturus obiit anno Dom. 1678. JEtatis suse 28 et hie 
exuvias mortalitatis posuit." 

Second son of Bishop Patrick Scougal, the subject of the preceding 
epitaph was born in June, 1650. Educated at King's College, he 
there so greatly distinguished himself that in his nineteenth year 
he was appointed regent of philosophy. He was one of the first 
Scottish professors who taught the philosophy of Bacon. After 
ministering for a year in the parish of Auchterless, he was pro- 
moted to the Professorship of Theology in King's College. He 
died on the 27th June, 1678, at the early age of twenty-eight. 
He composed an able work, entitled " The Life of God in the Soul 
of Man," and left several treatises in MS. To the library of King's 
College he bequeathed his collection of books, with 5000 marks to 
increase the salary of the Professor of Theology. 

St. Nicholas Church, an imposing ecclesiastical structure, w:is 
removed in 1732, when the present fabric of the West Church was 
raised upon its site. On a pillar of St. Nicholas church was in- 
scribed the following epitaph : 


" Kobert Davidson, provost of Aberdeen, was killed at the battle 
of Harlaw in the year 1411. 

In St. Nicholas church was commemorated Sir Paul Menzies of 
Kilmundy, and his wife Barbara Gordon. Menzies, was on twelve 
occasions elected chief magistrate. His monument was thus in- 
scribed : 

D. 0. M. S. 

" Et memoriae Pauli Minesii a Kinmundy, equestris ordinis viri , 
qui nobili farnilia editus hie vitam egit, duodecies concord, civium 
suffrag. electus praefectus urbis. tot ann. tenuit; mitiingenio. comi- 
tate morum omnibus charus; unico eoque concordi conjugio felix 
jam octuagenarius in spem beatse resurrectionis, mortalit exuv. 
deposuit mense Decembris M. D. C. L. I. Alexander films et haeres 
optimo parenti F. C. Sub hoc etiam saxo quiescunt ossa Bar- 
barae Gordonae ejusdem Alexandris conjugis, quae vita abiit 4 
Cal. Novembris anno MDCLVII." 

A monumental brass in St. Nicholas church bore this legend : 

" Sub spe beatse resurrectionis, hie quiescit D. Duncanus Liddelus, 
doctor medicus, Joannis Liddeli, civis Abredonensis filius. Obiit 
xvii. Decembris Anno Dom MDCXIII. ^Etatis suie LIT." 

" ^Eternae memoriae D. Duncani Liddeli doct. medici, quern virtus 
nascentem excepit ; recondita in medicina ac omnibus philosophise 
et matheseos partibus peritia natum excoluit ; liberalitas supra 
cequales extulit ; cui annum stipendium debet publicus matheseos in 
academiae Abredonensi professor, victumque ejusdem academiae sex 
aluumi, fama posthuma meritorum perpetua testis M. H. D. C. Q." 

Dr. Liddel was born at Aberdeen in 1561, and was educated 
first, at King's College, and afterwards in Germany. He was ap- 
pointed first physician at the Court of Brunswick, and professor of 
mathematics in the university of Helmstadt. He subsequently 
settled in his native city, and at his death, which took place in 
1613, established a mathematical chair in Marischal College. Of 
his several works, the best known is that entitled " The Art of 
Preserving Health." 

In St. Nicholas church Gilbert Menzies of Pitfoddels, and his 
spouse Marjory Liddel, are thus celebrated : 

" Tumulus honorabilis viri Gilbert! Mengzeis de Pitfoddels 


quondam pra;positi burgi de Aberdeen et Marjorue Liddel, ejus 
conjugis qui (Jiibertus obiit 1439." 

In St. Nicholas church, a burial aisle belonged to the old family 
of Irvine of Drum. On a copperplate in the aisle was the following 
legend : 

"Hie sub esta sepultura jacet honorabilis et famosus miles 
Dominus Alexander de Irvyne secundus, quondam Domiuus de 
Droum, Dachynder et Foreglen qui obit . . . die mensis . . . 
anno Domini MCCCC." 

" Hie etiam jacet nobilis domina, Domina Elizabeth de Kyth, 
filia quondam dbmini Roberti de Kyth militis, Marescalli Scotise, 
uxor quondam dicti domini Alexandri de Irvyne, quas. obiit . . . 
die mensis .... anno Dom. MCCCC." 

Sir Alexander Irvine was son of Sir William de Irwin, who re- 
ceived from Robert the Bruce a grant '"f the forest of Drum. 
Sir Alexander's son, who bore the same Christian name, held a 
command in the Lowland army at the battle of Harlaw. He 
fought hand to hand with Maclean of Dowart, and fell along with 
his combatant. In the ballad entitled " The Battle of Harlaw," 
he is celebrated thus : 

" Gude Sir Alexander Irving 
The much renownit Laird of Drum, 
Nane in his days was bettir sene 
Quhen they war 'semblit all and sum ; 
To prais him we sould not be dumm, 
For valour, wit, and worthyness 
To end his Days he ther did cum 
Quhois ransom is remeidyless." 

The " Drum aisle " contained the remains of Sir Alexander Irvine 
of Drum, an attached supporter of Charles I. He was excommuni- 
cated by the Covenanters, and falling into their hands, was sen- 
tenced to death. The defeat of his opponents at Kilsyth in 1645 
led to his preservation. On the Restoration he was offered the 

* " Scottish Ballads," edited by James Maidment. Edin. J868. Vol. I. 
p. 208. 


earldom of Aberdeen, but he preferred to retain his original desig- 
nation. He died in 1687. 

In St. Nicholas churchyard, Principal Guild of Marischal College, 
and his wife Katharine Eolland, are thus celebrated : 

"Sanctiss. et individ. Trinitati S. et pise memorise Gulielmi 
Guild, qui in hac urbe natus et institutus sacrisque studiis a teneris 
innutritus primum curse ecclesise de Kinedwar admotus, eaque per 
XXIII. annos administrata, a municibus suis in hanc urbem vocatus, 
jam S. S., theologies doctor et Carolo regi a sacris, per decennium hie 
ecelesiastis munere functus ; inde translatus ad collegium regale 
ubi primarii onus ad decennium sustinuit donee rebus apud nos 
turbatis integritas ejus livorem temporum non effugit : inde igitur 
digressus, hie, ubi canabula, nidum senectutis posuit. Non 
tamen inerti otio deditus, sed voce, calamo et inculpata vita aliis 
exemplum fuit. Amplum et innocenter partum patrimoniuni multo 
maximam partem piis usibus legavit. Conjunx quoque quee sua 
erant iisdem usibus addixit. Vixit annos Ixxi. et ad vii. cal. 
Augusti anni, MDCLVII. in spem optassimse resurrectionis, mor- 
talitatem explevit. 

" Cathariua Kowen superstes vidua, dilectissimo marito, cumquo 
concorditer xlvii. plenos annos vixit H.M.L.M.F.C. hoc monu- 
mentum lugens mosstusque fieri curavit. Nee ccepisse, nee fecisse, 
virtutis est, sed perfecisse/' 

Dr. William Guild was son of a prosperous armourer in the city. 
Born in 1586, he was educated at Marischal College, and in 1609 
was admitted minister of King Edward, in the Presbytery of Turriff. 
From King Edward he was, in 1631, translated to the second charge 
of St. Nicholas' church, and in 1640 was promoted to the principal- 
ship of King's College, Of this office he was deprived in 1651 by 
a military commission under General Monk. He died in 1657. 
Abounding in benevolence, he endowed an hospital for decayed work- 
men, and otherwise devoted an ample fortune to charitable uses. 
His ecclesiastical opinions were unfixed ; he at first inclined to- 
wards Episcopacy, latterly he subscribed the Covenant, and up- 
held Presbytery. He composed numerous theological works, some 
of which have been reprinted. His portrait is preserved in Trinity 
Hall, Aberdeen. His widow left endowments for six bursars in 



philosophy and two bursars in theology, and made some other im- 
portant bequests. 

As a minister of Aberdeen Dr. Guild was succeeded by the cele- 
brated Andrew Cant, whose monument in St. Nicholas church- 
yard is thus inscribed : 

" Sub hoc marmore, quiescit Dei servus, D. Andraaas Cantaeus, vir 
suo seculo summus, qui orbi huic et urbi ecclesiastes voce et vita 
inclinatam religionem sustinuit, degeneres mundi mores refinxit, 
ardens et amans Boanerges et Barnabas, magnes et adamas, acade- 
miae rector labantem rem literariam levavit intemeratas pietatis, illi- 
batfe constantiaa, invicti animi ; quern tot annos cum Deo purum pro- 
basset hoc sevo virtutum efi'ceto atque summam hujus vitreae felici- 
tatis videns in vanitati sistentem, veram earn, qua? nee temporum 
metis, neque voluptatis modis circumscribitur, propiore spe et augu- 
rio praecepisset, animam Christo suo placide reddidit XLIX. annis 
sui ministerii prius emensis, nee paucioribus auspiciatissimi fcederis 
cum Margareta Irvina, muliere lectissima, anno nat. Dom. 
ClQlQCLXIIL, pridie calendas Maii. ^Etatis suae LXXIX. qui 
mortuus adhuc loquitur, vale." 

Mr. Cant was a native of Haddingtonshire. From the office of 
Regent of Humanity, in King's College, he was admitted to the 
ministry at Alford about the year 1616, and in 1633 was preferred 
to the newly erected parish of Pitsligo. He was known as one of 
the apostles of the Covenant, from his zeal in procuring signatures 
to that document. In 1638 he was translated to Newbattle, and 
from thence to the first charge of Aberdeen in 1641. He was chosen 
Moderator of the General Assembly in 1650 ; he joined the Pro- 
testers in 1651, and being accused of publishing the sentiments set 
forth in Eutherford's "Lex Rex," he, in 1660, demitted his charge. 
He died on the 30th April, 1663, a^ed seventy-nine. An unbending 
advocate for the clerical prerogative, he for a time compelled both 
his congregation and the magistracy to submit to his ministerial 
authority. In temper somewhat uneven, he was actuated by sincere 
piety and abundant conscientiousness. 

Resting on the wall of St. Nicholas churchyard a monument 


thus commemorated Dr. Patrick Sibbald, a native of the city, and 
latterly Professor of Theology in Marischal College : 

" Patricius Sibbald, S.S.T.D. a primis annis, Deo, religioni et literis 
consecratus, ad aniinarum curam, hac in urbe natali, anno 1666 et ad 
SS.T. professionem in academia Mariscalle, anno 1685 vocatus ; 
vir solidse eruditionis, sincerse pietatis, illibati candoris, in praedi- 
cando et docendo facundus, felix, veritatis et pacis cultor assiduus ; 
in vita munificus ; pietatem in dictam academiam templa egentes 
testatus, obiit 14 Novembris anno Dom 1697, setatis suae 57. Et 
hie, eurn parentibus ac pia conjuge Joanna Scougal, reverendi patris 
episcopi Abredonensis filia, mortalitatis exuvias deposuit." 

In St. Nicholas churchyard a monument thus celebrates three 
members of the old family of Mowat. 

" Jacobi Mowat de Airdo, viri privatim publiceque egregii, quic- 
quid fuit, hie jacet ; quod est si requiras, cselum specta. 

"Hie beatam praestolatur resurrectionem, magister Jacobus 
Mowat de Logic, Autiquissimas Mowatorum gentis secundus; pietate 
vero et omnigena virtute, paucis aut nemini secundus, qui obiit 
5 Maii 1662. Necnon Margareta Mowat conjunx ejus dilectissima, 
eadem familia oriunda, qu83 monumentum hoc a majoribus con- 
ditum, denuo instaurandum, et pecunia civitati huic legata per- 
petuo conservandum curavit, et fatis concessit septimo martii die 
anno 1700. 

" Debita naturae solvis, Isetare triumpha 
Corporis tandem carcere liber abis." 

In St. Nicholas churchyard John Jaffray, of Dilspro, Provost 
of Aberdeen, with his wife, Janeta Forrest, and Thomas Jaffray, 
of Dilspro, with his wife, Margaret Gordon of Aberzeldie, are thus 
commemorated : 

" Hie jacet vir nobilissimus, Joannes Jaffray, de Dilspro, Abre- 
donise, qui obiit 10 Junii, 1684. Necnon rnagister Thomas Jaffray, 
de Dilspro, ejus filius, qui obiit 19 Septembris, 1695. Hie in 
Christo requiescit Joneta Forrest, illustrissimi D. Joannis Jaffray, 
quondam Abredoniarum, Praefecti, conjunx pientissima ; quad 
divinis animi, virtutis et gratiae dobitus, supra astatis sortem et 
seculi genium evecta, molestae exuviis mortalitatis libera, ccelum ac 


immortalitatem induit 4 March, Anno Dom. 1656. Necnon et 
Margareta Gordon ab Aberzeldie, excultissiuia ejusdem conjunx 
quae fato cessit Octob. 11, Anno Dom. 1678." 

The following Latin epitaph adorns the monument of Professor 
John Menzies : 

" Hie situs est D. Joannes Menesius, Presbyter et S. S. theologiae 
professor in academia Abredonensi, 34, annis ; illustri familia ortus 
sublimis ingenio et eloquentia aeque clarus ; in scholis disputator, 
subtilis acer et eruditus ; in verbo divino prasdicando praapotens 
facundus et frequens ; orthodoxae religion is propugnator invictus; 
vera pietate, vitae innocentia, morum suavitati omnibus charus ; tan- 
dem laboribus officii fractus : in spem beatae resurrectionis, mortalis 
exuvias deposuit, February 1, 1684, aetatis 60. 

" Hie etiam requiescunt cineres filii ejusdem magistri Joannis 
Menesii, A.M. optimse spei juvenis, qui obiit 20 Augusti, 1682, 
aetatis 18. Poni curavit msestissima conjunx et mater Margareta 

In 1649, Mr. Menzies was promoted from the second charge of 
St. Nicholas parish to Greyfriars' church. He joined the Pro- 
testers in 1651, and at the call of Cromwell proceeded to London in 
1654 to deliberate respecting ecclesiastical affairs. After the 
Eestoration he inclined towards episcopacy, and was supposed to 
desire the office of a bishop. In 1679 he obtained his professorship 
in King's College. Before his death he expressed his firm adherence 
to the cause of Presbytery. His wife, who is named on his tomb- 
stone, was eldest daughter of Sir William Forbes, of Craigievar. 

- George Davidson, of Pettens, a builder and endower of churches, 
has the following epitaph : 

"^Eternae memoriae Georgia Davidsone, de Pettens, viri vitae 
integritate, ac profusae in egenos largitate et in Deum pietate, vere 
insignis, de ecclesia universaque republica et hac civitate Abre- 
donensi quam optime ineriti. Hie praeter plurimas donationes in 
perpetuum pauperum subsidium ac usus publicos, pontem de 
Inche reparandum, pontemque haud inelegante structura de Brux- 
burne construendum curavit. Terras de Pettens et Bogfairlie, cum 
quibusdam pecuniarum summis, ecclesiae Abredonensi donavit, in 
perpetuum usum diviiii ibidem verbi praeconis ; templuni etiam de 
Newhills aedificari fecit, ac pro majore regni Dei incremento, in sus- 


tentationem prsedicatorum evangelii ibidem, dictas etiam terras de 
Newhills, raro exemplo dicavit. Denatus est anno M. D. C. LXIII." 

In St. Nicholas churchyard the following classical inscription, 
composed by Dr. James Gregory, of Edinburgh, adorns the tomb- 
stone of Dr. Beattie, author of " The Minstrel " : 

" Memorise Sacrum Jacobi Beattie, LL.D., ethices in academia 
Marescallana hujus urbis per XLIII. annos Professoris mere- 
tissimi viri, pietate, probitate, ingenio atque doctrina praestantis, 
scriptoris, elegantissimi poetae suavissimi Philosophi vere Christiani. 
Natus est V. Nov. anno MDCCXXXV. Obiit XVIII. Aug., 
MDCCCIII. Omnibus liberis orbus quorum natu maximus Jacobus 
Hay Beattie, vel a puerilibus aunis, patrio, vigens ingeiiio. No- 
vumque decus jam addens paterno suis carissimus patriae flebilis, 
lenta tabe consumptus periit, anno aetatis XXIII., Geo. et Mar. 
Glennie, N. M. P." 

Dr. Beattie was born at Laurencekirk, where his father kept a 
small shop. Educated at Marischal College, he was in his eighteenth 
year appointed parish schoolmaster of Fordoun. In 1753 he was 
elected usher in the grammar school of Aberdeen ; and, his abilities 
becoming known, he was in 1760 preferred to the chair of Moral 
Philosophy in Marischal College. Ten years afterwards appeared 
his " Essay on Truth," an answer to the sceptical tenets of David 
Hume. This work obtained unprecedented favour, and the author 
was introduced to George III. and had conferred on him a Civil 
List pension of 200 a year. In 1771 Dr. Beattie produced the 
first part of the " Minstrel; " the second part was added in 1774. 
This delightful poem entirely justifies its author's fame ; it retains 
its place as a British classic. Dr. Beattie suffered a severe trial in 
the death of his son, James Hay Beattie, a young man of remarkable 
attainments, and who had been appointed his assistant and suc- 
cessor in his professorial chair. The mental aberration of his 
amiable wife, was another trial which bore heavily on his sensitive 
nature. He died in 1803, in his sixty-eighth year. 

In St. Nicholas churchyard, monuments commemorate Principals 
Blaokwell, Osborne, Campbell, and Brown, and Professors Stuart 
and Kidd, all of Marischal College. 


Monumental tablets in the West Church celebrate Mrs. Allardyce 
of Dunnottar, Captain Cushnie, a public benefactor, and Dr. Cop- 
land, Professor of Natural Philosophy in Marischal College. In 
the East Church are commemorated the Rev. Adam Heriot, first 
Protestant minister of St. Nicholas Church, and his wife " E(femie 
Schevis," a native of Fifeshire. Mr. Heriot died on the 28th 
August, 1574. 

In Drum's aisle a monumental statue commemorates James 
Blaikie, Provost of Aberdeen. Executed by Mr. Steell, it was 
erected in 1844. 

A statue of the Prince Consort, executed by Baron Marochetti, 
was erected at Aberdeen in October, 1863. The Prince is seated, 
dressed as a field-marshal. 

In September, 1866, a statue of Her Majesty the Queen was 
placed at the corner of St. Nicholas Street, opposite the top of 
Market Street. Raised at the cost of 1,000, subscribed by working 
men, it was sculptured by Alexander Brodie, a local artist. The 
figure, composed of Sicilian marble, is eight feet six inches in 
height, and rests on a richly polished pedestal of Aberdeen granite. 
The Queen is represented standing, bearing a sceptre in her right 
hand, and clasping in her left the folds of a Scottish plaid. 


Within the nave of the old church is the burial-place of the 
Bairds, of Auchmedden. The first of the House commemorated is 
George Baird, of Auchmedden, who died 29th May, 1593. The 
estate was acquired by Andrew Baird, in 1534 ; it was sold to Lord 
Haddo in 1750. The BairJs of Newbyth and Saughtonhall, 
baronets, are descended from this House. 

The family of Leslie of Coburty inter in the old church. 

A burial-aisle to the south of the church is used by the Gordons 
of Aberdour. 

Tombstones commemorate several incumbents of the cure, and 
their families. 



In the parish churchyard a tombstone thus commemorates the 
wife of the Eev. James Gordon, for some years minister of the 
parish : 

"Within this isle, interred behind these stones, 
Are pious, wise, good Mary Forbes' bones, 
To Balfling daughter, and of blameless life, 
To Mr. Gordon, pastor here, the wife." 

Mrs. Gordon was daughter of Mr. Forbes, of Balfling ; she died 
27th April, 1738, aged 46. Her husband was translated to Alloa 
in 1736. He was moderator of the General Assembly in 1734, 
and died 6th August, 1749. 

A gravestone is inscribed thus : 

" Here lys below these stones 
Pious, virtuous Jean Wishart's bones, 

Wife to John Bain ; 

Sometimes in Bridgend, of Knockandock. 
All that was decent and discreet 
Did in her parts and in her person meet ; 
She made appear in her unblemished life 
The tender mother and the loving wife." 


The family mausoleum of Duff of Hatton, contains several 
monumental tablets. These commemorate Alexander Duff, Esq., 
of Hatton, who died 7th December, 1753; Gordon William Duff, 
of Hatton, who died 17th September, 1866, and other members of 
the House. 

An altar-stone is thus inscribed : 

"James Cruikshank, in Toukshill, died 13 Jan., 1814, aged 71. 
His mother, Margaret Topp, died 1769, aged 64. He endowed a 


bursary at King's College, another at Marischal College, each of 
20 a year, and astricted to the names of Cruikshank and Tapp or 
Topp, or otherwise to accumulate ; and left handsome charities in 
legacies to his friends. Inscribed in testimony of respect to the 
said James Cruikshank in Toukskill, New Deer, by Alex. Cruik- 
shank, in Middlehill, his nephew, 1818." 

A monument celebrates several members of the family of 
Chalmers, " in Kirktown." Three of those commemorated are James 
Chalmers, died 1846 ; Alexander Chalmers, died 1848 ; and George 
Chalmers, died 1852. The last founded and endowed an Infant 
School at Turriff. 


A funeral vault, now disused, belonged to the Earls of Panmure. 
Gilbert Innes, of Eora, progenitor of Innes of Stow, is interred 
in the churchyard. 
From different tombstones we have these rhymes : 

" We're here to-day, to-morrow yield our breath ; 
reader, tremble and prepare for death." 

" All you that have a soul to save, 
Extend your views beyond the grave ; 
And whilst salvation is brought nigh, 
To Christ the Friend of sinners fly." 

" trifle not your time away, 

Though youth be in its bloom ; 
Prepare now to follow me 
And mind the world to come." 

" Some lonely friend will drop a tear, 

On these dry bones, and say, 
These once were strong, but now lies here, 
And mine must be as they." 



At the east end of the church the stone effigies of a knight in 
armour and his lady are supposed to belong to the House of 
Meldrum, formerly potent in the district. 

Within a mortuary enclosure an altar tomb is thus inscribed : 

" Here lie the remains of John Leith, of Kingudie, Esq., who 
died in 1764 ; and of his spouse Helen Simpson, who died in 
1753 ; and of John Grant, of Rothmaise, Esq., who died in January, 
1800, aged 86 ; and of Ann Leith, his spouse, liferentrix of 
Kingudie, who died 3 April, 1807, aged 84; and of Lieut. P. Grant, 
their son, who died in Sept., 1810; and also of Miss Jean Grant, 
their daughter, who died in April, 1815, aged 57. 


About Jialf a mile north-west of the parish church an upright 
stone commemorates a daughter of the laird of Balquharn, who 
was killed in a scuffle consequent on her attempt to elope with the 
son of a neighbouring landowner, who was obnoxious to his family. 

In this parish was fought the battle of Harlaw, on the 24th 
July, 1411, the combatants being the Earl of Mar, with the 
Scottish army, and Donald, Lord of the Isles, and his followers. 
In the field stone coffins and human remains are frequently found. 
Two mounds are known as Dennis' Cairn and Maclean's Grave ; 
the former denotes the burial-place of Irvine, of Drum, the latter 
that of the chief of Maclean, both of whom perished in battle. 



On the south bank of the Dee, half a mile east of Balmoral, a 
monumental statue commemorates H.R.H. the Prince Consort. 
The Prince is represented in bronze as a Highland chief in full 
costume. The pedestal, a rough natural cairn of huge granite 
boulders, is ten and a half feet high ; it is surmounted by the figure, 
which is in height thirteen and a half feet. The left leg is slightly 
advanced. A favoured staghound leans against the Prince's right 
knee, and his right hand rests on the dog's head. The left hand 
grasps a rifle. 

In the Free Church of Crathie, a tablet commemorative of the 
Prince, is thus inscribed : 

" To the noble and illustrious Prince Albert, K.G., Consort to 
Her Majesty Queen Victoria, and Lord of the Castle and lands of 
Balmoral, this tablet is dedicated, in deep sorrow for his early 
death, and in pious remembrance of his beneficent gift of the site 
whereon this church is erected, by those who worship under its 

In the churchyard a burial-aisle belongs to the old family of 
Farquharson, of Monaltrie and Balnabodach. It presents the 
following inscriptions : 

" 1699. "Within these walls lie the remains of Alexander Farqu- 
harson, of Monaltrie; John and Francis, both of Monaltrie, his 
sons ; Robert, his youngest son, and several other children, who died 
in infancy. Here also are interred Anne Farquharson, the wife of 
Alexander, Anne Ogilvie, the wife of John ; and Isobel Keith and 
Helen Baird, the wives of Robert. As also Amelia, Francis, aud 
James, the children of Robert and Helen Baird. For their memory 
this stone is erected, with the warmest filial and fraternal affection, 
by William Farquharson, of Monaltria 1808." 

"Erected A.D. 1824, by James Farquharson, Esq., Balnabodach. 
Sacred to the memory of James Farquharson, of Tullochcoy, who 
died in 1760 ; and his spouse May Farquharson, died 1729 ; Peter 
Farquharson, of Tullochcoy, born 1733, died 1801 ; Isabella Forbes, 
his spouse, born 1733, died 1780. George, Francis, and Donald, 


their sons, the former died 1787, the two latter in their infancy, 
James and Katherine, son and daughter of James Farquharson, 
Balnabodach, and Tullochcoy. The son died in 1805, the daughter 
in 1807. Ann, daughter of James Farquharson, of Balnabodach, 
and wife of Dr. Kobertson, who died at Indego, 31 August, 1842, 
aged 3-1." 

" In memory of James Farquharson, of Balnabodach, who died 
at Ballater, 10th October, 1843, aged 85 years; and Isabella 
McHardy, his wife, who died at Baluabodach, 9th September, 1827, 
aged 64 years. This tablet is erected as a mark of filial respect 
and affection by their three sons, Peter, John, and Alexander 
Farquharson, 1844. Also of their younger brother, George Farqu- 
harson, who died at Balnabodach, 26th December, 184], aged 38 

In Braemar churchyard a burial-aisle belonging to the Farqu- 
harsons, of Invercauld, occupies the site of the old church. On 
marble tablets are these epitaphs : 

"Sacred to the memory of John Farquharson, of Invercauld, 
who was born in 1750. Sacred also to the memory of James 
Farquharson, of Invercauld, his son, who died 24 June, 1805, 
aged 83 ; and Amelia, Lady Sinclair, his spouse (daughter of Lord 
George Murray), who died in 1779. They had eleven children, all 
of whom, with the exception of the youngest, Catherine, died before 
them. Mary, Matilda, Jane, John, and George, lie interred with 
their parents in the ground adjoining ; Charlotte, at Arnhill ; Fanny, 
at Lisbon ; and Amelia, Margaret, and Ann, in the burying ground 
of North Leith." 

" To the memory of Catherine, youngest daughter and heiress of 
James Farquharson, of Invercauld, born 4 May, 1774, died 27 Feb., 
1845. To the memory of James Eoss-Farquharson, her husband, 
Capt. E.N., (2d son of Sir John Lockhart-Eoss, of Balnagowan, 
baronet), who died at Edinburgh, 5 Feb., 1809, aged 38 years. 
This tablet was erected after his mother's death, by her affectionate 
son, Aug., 1845." 

" Sacred to the memory of James Farquharson, Esq. of Inver- 
cauld. Born April 25, 1808 ; died Nov. 20, 1862. This tablet is 
erected in affectionate remembrance, by his eldest son, Lieut.-Col. 
Farquharson, of the Scots Fusilier Guards." 

On the north bank of the Dee, opposite Braemar Castle, a granite 


obelisk has been reared to the memory of the late Mr. Farquharson. 
It is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of James Farquharson, Esq., of Invercauld, by his 
tenantry and servants, to whom he was greatly attached. Born 
25th April, 1808 ; died 20th Nov., 1862. ' The righteous shall be 
in everlasting remembrance/ Psalm cxii. 6. 

In Braemar churchyard a plain gravestone commemorates Peter 
Grant, farmer, who died at Auchendryne, llth February, 1824, 
aged one hundred and ten years. Grant was a sergeant-major in 
the army of Prince Charles Edward, at Culloden, and, being taken 
prisoner, was carried to Carlisle ; he escaped by scaling the wall 
of the castle. In 1820 he presented a petition to George IV., in 
which he described himself as " His Majesty's oldest enemy ;" it 
was graciously received, and brought to the petitioner a pension of 
a guinea a week during the remainder of his life. 


Near the mill of Haddo a spot called " Battle fauld " denotes the 
grave of Sir James the Eose, who was slain in a combat by Sir 
John the Graeme, as they contended for the hand of Lord Buchan's 
daughter. On the event is founded the ballad of " Sir James the 


A burial-aisle in the old church belonged to the noble family of 
ErroL Herein was interred Dr. James Drummond, Bishop of 
Brechin, who died in 1695, aged seventy-six. In a mortuary 
enclosure a granite monument is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of Lady Florence- Alice Hay, infant daughter of 


the Earl and Countess of Errol ; born May 28th, 1858, died May 
15th, 1859. (Jer. 31. 3 ; Mai. 3. 17.) 

Within an enclosure, a flat gravestone celebrates Charles Gordon 
of Auchlenchries, who died 9th June, 1777, aged seventy-three. 

An altar-stone commemorates Peter Smith, of Aldie, physician, 
who died 22nd November, 1813, aged seventy-two ; also his wife 
and two of their children. 

A gravestone commemorates the Eev. J. Duncan, minister of 
Dunrossness, who was lost in the schooner ' Doris ' opposite Slains 
Castle, during a gale on the 22nd February, 1813. 

On a flat tombstone, the Eev. Alexander Keith is celebrated 
thus : 

" S. M. of the Rev. Mr. Alexander Keith, whose probity of heart, 
sanctity of manners, earnestness of conversation, and unwearied 
attention to all the duties of his office as a minister of the Church 
of Scotland, under the many trying events of 8 and 40 years, 
rendered his life valuable, his death lamentable, and his memory 
precious. Ob. Oct. 27, 1763, set. 68 : 

Ultime Scotorum in Crudenanis, Kethe, Sacerdos, 
Fratribus et plebi diu memorande, vale, 
Posuit unici nati pietas." 

Son of the Eev. George Keith, minister of Deer, the subject of 
the preceding epitaph was born on the 22nd May, 1695. He 
became Episcopal clergyman at Cruden, where he officiated till the 
period of his death. His epitaph was composed by the Eev. John 
Skinner, author of " TulloQ.hgorum." Mr. Keith was author of " A 
View of the Diocese of Aberdeen," which, under the editorial care 
of the late Dr. Joseph Eobertson, has been printed for the Spalding 

The following rhymes are from tombstones in Cruden church- 
yard : 

" After the cares of former life, 
And many labours past ; 
Here is the harbour of old age 
Its safeguard now at last." 


" When mortal man resigns this transient breath, 
The body only I give o'er to i^eath ; 
The part dissolv'd and broken frame I mourn, 
What came from earth, I see to earth return." 

" Here lys intomb'd under this mould'ring dust, 
A man whose soul was truly virtuous : 
A woman, too, who baseness did despise, 
And they both rest, in hopes again to rise 
To happiness ; thou, reader, drop a tear, 
And virtue's path to follow, learn here." 

" Here in one grave two lovely virgins ly, 
Two sisters dear, destined in youth to dy ; 
Their persons beauty, grace their souls adorn'd, 
No wonder then their death is deeply mourn'd. 
In glory they shall rise and bless their doom, 
Then shall they have an everlasting bloom 
Learn hence, fair virgins, in your early days, 
Your great Redeemer by your lives to praise." 


In the parish churchyard a mortuary enclosure belongs to the 
old family of Bisset, of Lessendrum. It contains the following 
inscriptions : 

" Hie iacet honorabilis vir, Georgivs Bisset de Lessendrvm, qvi 
obiit 25 lanvarii 16 . ., et aetatis svae anno 73 : Aetatem ornavit 
primam mihi vivida virtvs et prisca at lapsu sovs rediviva donivs 
famam terra sol ... perennem indigetvin regviem posthvma vita 

" Sacred to the memory of Maurice-George Bisset, Esq., of 
Lessendrurn, who died at Lessendrum, on the 16 of Dec., 1821, in 
the 64th year of his age. This tablet is jointly inscribed by Harriet 
his affectionate and mournful widow, and his brother and imme- 
diate successor, William, Lord Bishop of Raphoe, in honour of his 


name, and in grateful recollection of the many virtues that adorned 
his endearing character." 

" Sacred to the memory of William Bisset, D.D., late Lord Bishop 
of Eaphoe, and proprietor of Lessendrum, who died on the 4th 
Sept., A.D. 1834, aged 75 years." 

Tombstones commemorate the Rev. George Abel, minister of the 
parish, died 14th September, 1794 ; Eev. Robert Gordon, minister 
of the parish, died 27th November, 1820, aged seventy; Major- 
General John Gordon, R. A., died 1861; and George Macpherson, 
factor on the Huntly estates, died 1864. 

These rhymes are from tombstones in Drumblade churchyard: 

" Mourn not, my friends, for me in vain ; 
This silent tomb cures all my pain 
For death ere long will visit thee, 
Therefore prepare to follow me." 

" Beneath a sleeping infant lyes, 

To earth whose body's lent, 
More glorious shall hereafter rise, 

Tho' not more innocent. 
When the archangel's trump shall blow, 

And souls to bodies join, 
Millions shall wish their days below 

Had been as short as thine." 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates John Elphinston, 
of Bellabeg, died 10th October, 1742, aged seventy ; Rev. Alexander 
Henderson, minister of the parish, died 30th May, 18 13, aged fifty- 
seven ; and the Rev. William Ingram, minister of the parish, died 
16th May, 1848, aged seventy-nine. 



Within the parish church a marble tablet is thus inscribed : 

" John Leith-Ross of Arnage, died 15 May 1839, aged 63 : Eliza- 
beth Young, his spouse, co-heiress of Bourtie, died 9 June, 1852, 
aged 7Q: their third son William Ross, M.D., died 28 Sep. 1834, 
aged 22 ; George, their fourth son, and Frederick, their grandson, 
died in childhood." 

Mr. Ross, merchant in Aberdeen, acquired the estate of Arnage. 
about the close of the seventeenth century. 

The two following inscriptions commemorate members of the old 
family of Annand : 

"Monumentum marmoreum honorabilis Alexandri Annand, 
baronis quondam de Ochterellon, qui obiit ix. Julii, A.D. 1601 ; 
ej usque pise conjugis, Margaretse Fraser, filise quondam Do de 
Philorth quse obiit Aug., A.D. 1602. Salus per Christum." 

" Sub -hoc quoque tumulo resurrectionem expectant corpora Alex- 
andri Annand de Ochterellon, filii dicti Alexandri, qui obiit , 

et carse suse conjugis, Margaretae Cheyne, filiae D5 de Esselmont, 
quse obiit 

A burial aisle belongs to the family of Forbes, of Waterton. 
Within an enclosure a monumental tablet is thus inscribed : 

" To the memory of Keith Turner of Turnerhall, this stone is 
erected by his sorrowing widow. He was born January 20, 1768 ; 
departed this life Oct. 20, 1808, and was, by his own desire, laid 
into the grave of his beloved mother, Elizabeth Urquhart of Mel- 
drum, born July 10, 1735 ; died Feb. 28, 1786. Also to the 
memory of his widow, Mrs. Anna Margaret Turner of Turnerhall, 
ob . . Oct. 1823 ; ^E. 50 years." 

In St. Mary's episcopal chapel a marble tablet celebrates Charles 
Napier Gordon, of Erlemont, and three of his sisters, children of 
George Gordon, of Hallhead, nephew of George, Earl of Aberdeen. 



An ancient burying-ground belongs to the family of Udny, of 

These monumental inscriptions are from the parish church- 
yard : 

" Some kindly friend will drop his Tear 
On our dry bones and say 
These once were strong as mine appear 
And mine must be as they." 

" My flesh which all consumed is 
The very same shall rise 
Yea I shall see Christ's lovely face 
With these my very eyes." 

" We have their names here but themselves are gone, they have 
the crown indeed but we have the cross, they find the gain but we 
the loss. Death broke the cage, he let the sparrows flee, who now 
have found a nest on high, even God's own altar to Eternity/' 


In the parish churchyard is the old burial-place of the Gordons 
of Gight, maternal ancestors of Lord Byron. A gravestone denotes 
the grave of Agnes Smyth, the heroine of " Tiftie's Bonnie Annie," 
a pathetic Scottish ballad. 


In Glenmuick churchyard is the burying-place of the Gordons 
of Abergeldie, cadets of the noble house of Huntly. Monuments 
belonging to the family are thus inscribed : 



" James Gordon, 1754. Alexander Gordon his son, and Agnes 
Mawer Gordon, 1766, died Dec. 1798, aged 48. 

"To the memory of Charles Gordon, Esq., of Abergeldie, who 
died March 1796, and of Alison Hunter, his spouse, of the family 
of Burnside, who died March 1800. They lived together nearly 
half a century on this part of Deeside ; the best of parents, giving 
good example in every way, and serving to the utmost of their 
power all who stood in need." 

" Here lies interred the remains of the late Peter Gordon, Esq., 
of Abergeldie, eldest son of Charles Gordon, Esq. He succeeded 
his father in 1769, and died the 6th of Dec., 1819, aged 68." 

Within the ruin of the old church of Tullich is a burial-place of 
the Farquharsons of Whitehouse, a branch of the Invercauld family. 
Two of the monuments present these legends : 

"These walls inclose the burial-ground of the family of Far- 
quharson of Whitehouse and Shiels ; where are interred the remains 
of James Farquharson of Whitehouse, brother of Colonel Donald 
Farquharson of Monaltrie (called Donald Og), who died in 1666, 
and Harry his son, who died in 1716, and Margaret his grand- 
daughter. Also the remains of Francis Farquharson of Shiels, the 
eldest son of Harry, who died in 1733 ; and Harry, the son 
of Francis, and his wife Jean Eose, who both died in 1760, and 
their sons Hugh and Donald, who died in early youth. This 
memorial has been erected by their surviving descendants, 1826. 
Eequiescant in pace." 

" Margaret Garden, wife of William Farquharson of Monaltrie, 
died at Aberdeen, January 25, 1857, aged 83." 

At a short distance from Tullich churchyard an obelisk on the 
top of a knoll is inscribed thus : 

" In memory of William Farquharson of Monaltrie, who died at 
Vevay, in Switzerland, 20 Nov. 1828, aged 75 years. Erected by 
his affectionate widow, Margaret Garden, in 1836. She died Jan. 
1857, and was buried at Tullich. 



Two flat stones commemorate James Jopp, farmer, who died in 
1672, and Andrew Jopp, merchant, progenitors of Provost Jopp of 
Aberdeen, who conveyed to Dr. Samuel Johnson the freedom of 
that city. 

Tombstones denote the graves of the Rev. Alexander Mearns, 
minister of the parish, who died 4th October, 1789, aged eighty- 
nine, and the Eev. George Daun, minister of the parish, who died 
21st May, 1821, aged seventy. 

From tombstones in Insch churchyard we have these rhymes: 

" Here with the aged lies a lovely boy, 
His father's darling and his mother's joy; 
Yet Death, regardless of the parents' tears, 
Snatch'd him away while in the bloom of years." 

" Nipt by the wind's untimely blast, 
Scorch'd by the sun's directer ray ; 
The momentary glories waste, 
The short-liv'd beauties die away. 
Yet these, new rising from the tomb, 
With lustre brighter far shall shine ; 
Reviv'd thro' Christ with 'during bloom, 
Safe from diseases and decline." 


A tombstone, adorned with the Innes and Elphinstone arms, is 
thus inscribed : 

" Heir lyis Valter Innes in Artones, vha depairtit the 27 day of 
Ivnii 1616 zeiris ; and Meriorie Elphinstovne, his spovs, vha 
depairtit the 15 day of November 1622 zeiris." 

A monument enclosed by a railing bears the following legend : 

" Sacred to the memory of James Anderson, depute-clerk of 
Justiciary, who died at Edinburgh, 2 Jan. 1833, aged 66. By his 


own unaided merit he raised himself to a situation of great trust 
and responsibility, which for the long period of 45 .years he filled 
with the greatest credit, and concluded a life spent in the public 
service regretted by all who knew him. Also Margaret Anderson, 
his sister, who died at Edinburgh, 2 June, 1850, aged 80." 


In Keith-hall churchyard a mortuary enclosure belongs to the 
noble house of Kintore. It contains memorial tablets bearing the 
following inscriptions : 

" In memory of Anthony- Adrian, eighth Earl of Kintore, who 
was born 20th April, 1794, and died at Keith-hall, llth July, 
1844, in the 51st year of his age. >J< And also of his son William- 
Adrian, Lord Inverury, who was born 2d Sept, 1822, and died Dec. 
17th, 1843, aged 21 years." 

" Erected by Lord Kintore to the memory of his beloved Aunt 
the Lady Mary Keith, daughter of William, 7th Earl of Kintore, 
who died at Bath, July 5, 1864, aged 69 years." 

The Eev. George Skene Keith, D.D., is on his monument cele- 
brated thus : 

" Near this wall are interred the mortal remains of the Rev. Dr. 
George-Skene Keith, minister of the parish of Keithhall for 44 
years, and of Tulliallan in Perthshire for 8 months. Born at 
Auquhorsh, Nov. 6, 1752, he died at Tulliallan House, March 7, , 
1823. Distinguished and beloved as the clergyman of a parish, 
remarkable in a wide sphere for his learning and science, of great 
mental and bodily activity, he preserved in age the same vivacity 
and cheerfulness, the same love of knowledge, warmth of feeling, 
and untiring Christian benevolence which characterised his youth 
and manhood. Some gentlemen of this county, who had intended 
to present him with a memorial of their high respect for his 
character, but were prevented by his death, have erected this 
monument to his memory." 

Dr. Keith represented the family of Keith of Auquhorsk. Inde- 


fatigable in the discharge of parochial duty, and an eloquent 
preacher, he composed a "Life of Principal George Campbell," 
" A View of Great Britain," and other works. His eldest son, Dr. 
Alexander Keith, minister, of St. Cyrus, is author of a valuable 
work on Scripture Prophecy, and other esteemed publications. 

Within the old church of Kinkell a pavement slab bears on 
one side the incised effigy of a warrior in mail armour, with the 
following marginal inscription : 

"Hie . iacet . nobilis . armiger . Gilbertus . de . Grie . . . 
anno . . om . m . cccc . xi" 

A shield on each side of the helmet indicates that the person 
commemorated belonged to the House of Greenlaw of that Ilk, 
Berwickshire. On the reverse of the stone, is the Forbes arms 
with the following legend : 

" Hie iacet honore illustris et sancta morum pietate ornat' 
Joannes Forbes d' Ardmurd' ej' cognois haeres 4 qui anno aetatis 
suse : 66 : 8 iulii A.D. 1592 obiit." 

John Forbes, of Ardmurdo, thus commemorated, was father of 
Alexander Forbes, Bishop of Aberdeen. 

In the Balbithan aisle at Kinkell, a tablet is inscribed 

" Sacred to the memory of Benjamin Abernethie-Gordon, Esquire, 
the last Heir of Entail of Balbithan. Born 22nd May, 1782, died 
at Strand Villa, Hyde, Isle of Wight, 4th February, 1864." 

Balbithan estate now belongs to the Earl of Kintore. 


A portion of the old church forms the burial-aisle of the noble 
family of Elphinstone. 

In the aisle are the following fragmentary inscriptions : 



YIS . LYF." 


" *fc HEIR . LYIS . AXE MAN . MASTER . LO . . . ELPHYN- 

. FRA . YIS . LYF . YE . F . RST . OF . MAII . 1616 . BEING . OF 
. YE . AGE . OF . XXX . ZEIRIS." 

" R . OF . THIS . COVE 




IN . . . NE . OF . BARNS." 

Within a recess tomb in the old church, which represents an 
armed knight and his lady, is the following fragmentary inscrip- 
tion : 

" Hie . iacet . alexr . de . forbes . quondam . dns . de 
burchus . et . marjora 155 . . ." 

Alexander Forbes was great grandson of Alister Cam ; his wife 
was Marjory, third daughter of the sixth Lord Forbes. 

Several tombstones commemorate members of the House of Reid 
of Newmills, a family now extinct. 

A mortuary enclosure forms the burial-place of the Lumsdens, 
of Auchendor and Clova. It contains these legends : 

" Before this ston lyes Eobert Lumsden, of Cushuay, and John 
Lumsden of Auchendor, his second son, and Agnes Gordon, his 
spous ; and also Charles and Marjorie Lumsdens, laufvll son and 
daughter to John Lumsden and Agnes Gordon. John Lumsden 
dyed Janure 8, 1716, and of age 71 years, 1724 : 

" Hoc, lector, tumulo tres contumulantur in uno, 

" Cognati, Mater, Filius, atque Pater. 

" Mors Janua vitse." 

"D.O.M. H.L. : KG. Befor this stone lyes Kathrin Gordon, 
daughter to the Laird of Buckie, and spouse to Hary Lumsden of 
Cushnie, and five of her children ; and she depr. this life August 
the 22nd, 1733, aged 31. Also the said Hary Lumsden of Cushnie 
died the 8 day of June 1754, in the 69th year of his age. 

" Befor this stone lyes James Lumsden, eldest lawfull son to 
William Lumsden in Titaboutie, who depr. this life in Nov. 1730, 
aged 40 years." 


" In this ground are deposited the remains of John Lumsden of 
Cushnie, who died 12th June, 1795, aged 68 ; and Mrs. Anne 
Forbes, his spouse, daughter of John Forbes of New, who died 11 
Nov. 1811, aged 76. In testimony of warm affection for their 
memory, this tablet is erected by their son John Lumsden, now of 
Cushnie, 1814." 

"The grave of William Lumsden of Harlaw, who died at Mid 
Clova, Feb. 1758. Rachel Lumsden, his spouse, daughter of Chas. 
Lumsden, 2d son of John Lumsden of Auchindoir : she died at East 
Clova, Feb. 11, 1788, aged 77. Katharine, his daughter, spouse to 
John Leith, died at West Hills, Feb. 2, 1792; and of Harry 
Lumsden of Auchindoir, who died in April 1796. Margaret Ran nie, 
widow of Dr. Jas. Young, R.N., died at Mid Clova, 6 June 1841, 
aged 76. Also Harry Leith-Lumsden of Auchindoir, youngest son 
of John Leith and Katherine Lumsden, who died at Aberdeen, 
27 March 1844, in the 68th year of his age, and was interred here, 
4 April following. Janet Young, or Duncan, wife of Harry Leith- 
Lumsden of Auchindoir, died at Edinburgh, 7 Jan. 1861, aged 73, 
and was interred here, 16th of same month." 

An altar stone on the grave of the Rev. James Me. William, 
minister of the parish, who died 6th April, 1771, aged seventy- one, 
bears these lines : 

" Rev d . and grave, he preached heaven's King, 
Because he knew it was a weighty thing ; 
And at his hearers, as he aim'd the dart, 
You'd well perceive it from his heart. 
Now called Home, a Faithful serv 1 ., lov'd 
Of his Great Master, and by him approv'd, 
Poses*, of joys eternal, and above, 
He Sings, he Shines, he Reigns, where all is love. 
No pain is y r ., no tears flow from his eyes, 
His Master purchas'd, he enjoys the prize." 


Within the chancel of the old church is a burial place belonging 
to the Frasers of Findrack. It presents these legends : 



D . . . RTED . THIS . LIFE . . . RIL . 29 . 1718 . IN . THE . 69TH . 
YEAR . OF . HIS . AGE." 

" Near this stone, with the remains of many of his ancestors, is 
interred the body of Francis Fraser, Esquire of Findrack, a Com- 
mander in the British, and Post Captain in the Portuguese Navy, 
eldest son of Francis Fraser of Findrack, and Henrietta, daughter 
of William Baird of Auchmedden. He served his country -with 
distinction for a long series of years, and was present at many 
remarkable engagements. Born 22d August 1762, died 24th April 

At Tornaveen an obelisk, reared by "William N. Fraser, Esq., of 
Tornaveen, brother of the proprietor of Findrack, is thus inscribed : 

" Colonel Eobert Winchester, K.H., Born A.D. 1783 : Died A.D. 
1846. During 37 years of active service with a spirit which shunned 
no danger, he accompanied in sieges and in many marches and 
battles the 92nd Eegt., Gordon Highlanders. Lieut.-General the 
Honourable Sir William Stewart, G.C.B., thus records his merits : 
' Many memorable services were rendered to the division of the 
Army under my command during the arduous campaigns of the 
years 1813-14, in the Peninsula and South of France by him, and 
the gallant Light Infantry under his orders. I should be truly 
ungrateful if I were ever to forget the valuable aid that I received 
from him on that 25th of July, when we so nearly lost the Eock 
and Pass of Maya. But his and his noble corps' conduct on that 
and on every occasion where valour and self-devotion were eminently 
called for during these campaigns, and in the decisive conflict of 
Waterloo, are on record, and ever will be so, in the military annals 
of those days.' To whom this memorial is erected by his nephew, 
William N. Fraser, Esquire, 1865." 


In Craigston's aisle of the parish church a monument comme- 
morates John Urquhart, tutor of Cromarty, and other members of 
the family. 

A mural monument is thus inscribed : 

" Joannes Urquhart, hoc in honorem Dei, et matris suae Beatricis 
Innes, dominae a Cromertie memoriam erexit opus, anno 1599." 


In Leochel churchyard a burial aisle belongs to the family of 
Forbes, of Craigievar. Here was interred, in 1668, John Forbes, 
son of the Bishop of Caithness. Dr. John Forbes, Professor of 
Divinity in King's College, Aberdeen, son of Bishop Patrick Forbes, 
was buried at Leochel in 1648. 

A plain tombstone celebrates the parents of the late Dr. Joseph 
Eobertson, the eminent antiquary (vol. i., p. 141) ; it is thus 
inscribed : 

" In memory of Joseph Robertson, late merchant in Aberdeen, 
who departed this life 18th Feb. 1817, aged 42 years; and of 
Christian Leslie, his spouse, who died llth March, 1859, aged 83 

A plain slab bears the following lines : 

" Here lyes Peter Milner, a sober man, 
Who neither used to curse nor ban ; 
Elizabeth Smith, she was his wife, 
He had no other all his life. 
He died in July 1784, 
Aged 77, or little more, 
And she in July 1779, 
Years 55, was her lifetime. 
With Eobert and Jean, their children dear, 
Elizabeth Milner, and Janet Eraser, 
Their grand-children. 
In Rumlie they lived just near by 
And in this place their dust doth ly." 


The Buchans of Auchmacoy formerly interred in the parish 
church. At their burial place two marble tablets bear the 
following inscriptions : 

" As a mark of affection and regard for the memory of Robert 
Buchan, third son of Thomas Buchan, Esq., of Auchmacoy, assistant- 


surgeon, H.E.I. C.S., who died at Cawnpore, 4 Sep. 1825, in tho 
24th year of his age. His brother John died in London, 4 Feb. 
1829, aged 22 years, and is interred in the bury ing-ground belonging 
to the Church of St. John, Waterloo Road, London. Also, in 
memory of Euphemia Turner, widow of the late Thomas Buchan, 
Esq., of Auchmacoy, who died at Edinburgh, 22 Dec., 1832, and 
whose remains are interred here." 

" Sacred to the memory of Thomas Buchan, Esq., of Auchmacoy, 
who died on the 12 Aug. 1819, and was interred in the family 
buiying-ground within this church. Also, in remembrance of his 
eldest son Thomas, who died at Marseilles, in France, 3 Dec. 1818, 
aged 21 years, and was interred in the Protestant burying-ground 
of that city." 


In the churchyard of Coldstone a granite block presents the 
figure of an elegantly incised cross. It denotes the grave of an 
unknown churchman. 

A tombstone commemorates the Rev. Andrew Tawse, minister 
of Greyfriars Church, Aberdeen, who died while in the act of 
performing Divine service on the 15th December, 1833, in his 
forty-seventh year. 

On the altar stone is the following legend : 

" To the memory of Mr. George Forbes, Master in the R.N., who 
served many years in that rank, and gained high praise for his 
courage and conduct in many engagements, particularly in the 
memorable battle of Trafalgar, where Lord Nelson fell. On retiring 
from the Service, he became tacksman of Kinord, where he died 
11 July 1821, aged 62. His wife Margaret Forbes, died 7 Oct. 
1847, aged 74." 

In the Logic churchyard a mortuary enclosure constituted the 
burying-place of the Gordons of Blelack, of whom the last male 
representative was an adherent of Prince Charles Edward. 


Tombstones at Logie bears these rhymes : 

" Unmark'd by trophies of the great and vain 
Here sleeps in silent tombs an honest train ; 
No folly wasted their paternal store, 
No guilt, no sordid avarice, made it more ; 
With honest fame, and sober plenty crown'd 
They liv'd and spread their cheering influence round." 

" Altho' this tomb no boasted titles keep 
Yet silent here the private virtues sleep ; 
Truth, candour, justice, altogether ran 
And form'd a plain upright, honest man. 
No courts he saw, nor mixt in publick rage, 
Stranger to all the vices of the age ; 
No lie, nor slander did his tongue defile 
A plain old Briton free from pride and guile. 
Near five-score years he numbered ere he died, 
And every year he number'd he enjoy'd. 
This modest stone which few proud Marbles can, 
May truly say Here lies an honest man ; 
Ye great whose heads are laid as low, 
Rise higher if you can." 


Within a mortuary enclosure monuments commemorate the Eev. 
John Skinner, author of " Tullochgorum," and his wife, Grizel 
Hunter. The inscriptions follow : 

" Glory to God above. Sacred to the memory of the Eev d John 
Skinner, for 64 years and upwards Episcopal clergyman in this 
parish, whose attainments as a Scholar, and Scriptural research as 
a Divine, of which many written documents remain, acquired him 
a name, never to be forgotten in the church in which he exercised 
his ministry, while his Pastoral Labours in the charge committed 
to him endeared him almost beyond example to the sorrowing flock, 
by whom, in testimony of their heartfelt regard, this monument is 
erected. " On the 16th day of June 1807, aged 86 years, he slept 


the sleep of death in the arms of the Right Rev. John Skinner, 
Bishop of the diocese of Aberdeen, his only surviving son, who, with 
his family, and other numerous descendants, shall never cease 
to feel the most devout and lively veneration for the talents, the 
acquirements, and character of a progenitor, who lived so justly 
respected, and died so sincerely lamented." 

"In the same grave over which the adjoining monument is 
placed to the memory of her venerable husband, lie the remains 
of his beloved wife Grizel Hunter, who died on the 21st day of 
Sept. 1799, in the 80th year of her age, having shewn herself 
through life the humble Christian, and, for nearly 58 years, a 
partner of every conjugal virtue. 

" When such friends part 'tis the survivor dies." 

Mr. Skinner was born on the 3rd October, 1721, at Balfour, 
parish of Birse, Aberdeenshire. His father, who was parochial 
schoolmaster, had as his first wife Jean Gillanders, widow of Donald 
Farquharson, of Balfour. The future poet was the only issue of 
this marriage. Having studied four sessions at Marischal College, 
he became assistant in the schools of Kenmay and Monymusk. 
By the persuasion of the non-juring clergyman at Monymusk, he 
was induced to join the episcopal church. Obtaining the appoint- 
ment of private tutor, he proceeded to Zetland, where he formed 
the intimacy of the Rev. Mr. Hunter, a non-juring clergyman, 
whose eldest daughter he married. Returning to Aberdeenshire, he 
was in 1742 ordained as episcopal clergyman at Longside. In 
1746 his chapel was destroyed by the soldiers of the Duke of 
Cumberland, and in 1753 he suffered six months' imprisonment 
at Aberdeen for preaching to more than four persons without 
accepting the oath of allegiance. He lived in a small thatched 
cottage, and satisfied with his lot declined all offers of preferment. 
He composed poetry in his youth ; his songs were written at 
different periods for the amusement of his children. With the poet 
Burns, whose genius he early recognised, he maintained a friendly 
correspondence. A powerful theologian and general scholar, he 
published commentaries on different portions of Scripture, a Church 
History of Scotland, and other works. After the long incumbency 


of nearly sixty-five years at Longside, he removed to Aberdeen, at 
the invitation of his son, Bishop Skinner ; he survived the change 
only a few days. Besides " Tullochgorum," Mr. Skinner composed 
the songs " John o' Badenyon," " The Ewie wi' the Crookit Horn," 
and " Lizzy Liberty." 

On a plain tombstone a latin epitaph, composed by the Rev. 
John Skinner, celebrates William Tait, joiner, and his wife, Agnes 
Clerk, and the members of their family. It proceeds thus : 

" Sub hoc lapide cineres Gulielmi Tait, carpentarii in Ludquharn, 
et Agnetis Clerk, ejus conjugis ; ille, humanse salutis, 1725, setatis 
suse 57 ; ilia, 1739, setatis 70 annos, obierunt ; necnon Joannis, 
Gulielmi, alterus Gulielmi, et Agnetis Tait, sobolis eorum qui prse- 
decesserunt, sepulti sunt. Hie quoque conduntur exuviae Thomse 
Tait in Thunderton, filii S. D. Gulielmi et Agnetis natu maximi 
qui in arte lapidaria dum potuit, gnavis, in alenda familia fselix, 
morbus probus, animo aequus, vicimis amicus, tandem, annoram 
satur, fideque et spe fultus, ad patres rnigravit anno 1770, set. 79. 
R. I. P. 

Thomas Tait, mason at Thuuderton, eldest son of William Tait, 
joiner, both named in the preceding epitaph, was father of John 
Tait, who settled in Edinburgh. A son of this person, Crawfurd 
Tait, acquired the estate of Harviestoun, Clackmannanshire (see 
supra, p. 62), and in 1797 married Susan, daughter of Sir Islay 
Campbell, Bart., Lord President of the Court of Session. Their 
youngest son, the Most Reverend Archibald Campbell Tait, D.C.L. 
is at present Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate. 

On a plain tombstone a grand-uncle of Archbishop Tait is, with 
his wife, commemorated thus : 

"'To the memory of George Tait in Eedbog, who, after having 
liv'd 48 years in the fear of God, and love of all good men, was, 
upon the 30th of May, 1758, killed by the fall of a stack of timber 
at Peterhead, justly lamented by his friends, and sincerely regretted 
by all who knew him : 

" Stay, reader, and let fall a tear, 

On looking at this stone ; 
But call not anything severe 
That Providence has done. 


" Expecting death, the good man lives 

Prepared from day to day ; 
And when God's will the summons gives 

He's ready to obey. 
" This good man lived by all beloved 

And dy'd by all deplor'd ; 
Dwelt here awhile, and then removed 
To dwell with Christ the Lord." 

"Ann Mundie, spouse of George Tait, died 14 Sep. 1772, aged 

George, eldest son of George Tait in Eedbog, held office as sti- 
pendiary magistrate at Edinburgh. His treatise on the " Law of 
Evidence," and on the " Powers and Duties of a Justice of the 
Peace," are much valued. 

Within the area of the old church a monument thus commemo- 
rates the late Mr. Bruce of Longside, who left 40,000 for charitable 

" Erected in memory of James Bruce, Esquire, of Innerquhomery 
and Longside, second son of James Bruce, late farmer, Middleton 
of Innerquhomery, and Barbara Gray, his spouse : Born at Middle- 
ton 3d June 1787, he died there 16 May 1862." 

These rhymes are from different tombstones : 

" Happy the man whose God, who reigns on high, 
Hath taught to live, and hath prepared to die ; 
His warfare o'er, and run his Christian race, 
Ev'n Death becomes the Messenger of peace 
Dispells his woes, then wafts his soul away 
To endless glory in eternal day." 

" Here lies, consigned a while to promis'd rest, 
In hope to rise again among the blest, 
The precious dust of one whose course of life 
Knew neither fraud, hypocrisy, nor strife. 
A Husband loving, and of gentle mind, 
A Father careful, provident, and kind, 
A Farmer active, with no greedy view, 
A Christian pious, regular, and true. 
One who, in quiet, trod the private stage 
Of rural labour, to a ripe old age. 


Belov'd by neighbours, honour'd by his own ; 
Liv'd without spot, and dy'd without a groan. 
Long may his humble virtues be rever'd ; 
Long be his name remembered with regard ; 
And long may Agriculture's school produce 
Such honest men as Alexander Bruce." 

" And, is she gone, the once so lovely maid ? 

Gone hence, dear departed shade ! 

Call'd from this world in early dawn of life, 
When but beginning to be called a wife ? 
Ye virgin tribe, whom chance may lead this way, 
When brightest beauty moulders in the clay, 
Behold this stone, nor be asham'd to mourn 
A while o'er Margaret Alexander's urn 
Then pause a little, while these lines you read, 
And learn to draw instruction from the dead. 

" She who lies here was once like one of you, 
Youthful and gay, and fair, as you are now : 
One week beheld her a young blooming bride, 
In marriage pomp, laid by her husband's side ; 
The next we saw her in death's livery drest, 
And brought her breathless body here to rest. 
Not all the world's gay hopes, nor present charms 
Nor parents' tears, nor a lov'd husbands arms, 
Could stamp the least impression on her mind, 
Or fix to earth the soul for heaven design'd ; 
Calmly she left the scene so lately try'd, 
Heav'n call'd her home, with pleasure she comply'd, 
Embrac'd her sorrowing friends, then smil'd, and dy'd." 


The usurper Macbeth was slain at Lumphanan ; a heap of stones 
denotes his grave. 


Six tombstones on the south side of the church commemorate 
members of the family of Tytler, who for three centuries have 


farmed land at Corsindae in this parish. From this family de- 
scended the Tytlers of Woodhouselee (Vol. I. p. 43). 


Within the old parish church a tomb commemorates William 
Coming of Achry, who, among other benevolent works, reared the 
fabric of the church at his own expense. His epitaph is as 
follows : 

" Memorise viri optimi, Gulielmi Coming ab Achry et Pittuly, 
Elgin quondam consolis, qui ptochotrophium quatuor inopum 
mercatorum ibidem mortificavit, ac postea templum hoc impensis 
suis hie condidit, ac 29 Octob. A.D. 1707, setat. an. 74, pie obiit, 
monumentum hoc posuit uxor ejus dilectissima, Christiana Guthry. 
Observa integrum, et aspice rectum ; finein illius viri esse pacem. 
Ps. 37, v. 37. Vive inemor lethi ; fugit hora," 

William Coming was related to the house Of Gumming of Altyre. 
From his descendant, Archibald Gumming, the principal portion of 
the estate of Auchry was in 1830 purchased by James Lumsden, 

In the churchyard an altar-stone is thus inscribed : 

" Erected by Francis Garden-Campbell, Esq. of Troup and 
Glenlyon, to the memory of Alexander Garden, natural son of Col. 
Garden of Johnston ; and Eobert Gordon, son of James Gordon in 
Newbyth. Alexander Gordon was drowned in the Canal of 
Auchry, 2 July 1806, by adventuring out of his depth : Robert 
Gordon gallantly strove to save his life, and shared the same fate. 
Reader, take warning from the awful fate of these two youths ! 
Shun unavailing danger ; Be ever prepared for Death. 

From a tombstone in this churchyard we have the following 
quaint epitaph : 

" To keep in memory the burying-place of the family of James 
Faith, part of whom lies under, and on each side of this stone : 

" Reader, where I am you will soon be. Are you young, healthy, 
and prosperous ? So was I ; but Death seized me, and I am gone 
to my place. If I have lived in the fear of God, and goodwill to 
man, think of my happiness ; but if I have done evil Beware." 



The cathedral of St. Machar, the nave of which forms the parish 
church, was founded in 1357, and completed in 1522. At the 
Eeformation it was stripped of its leaden roof and considerably 
dilapidated ; the chancel was in 1654 demolished by Cromwell's 
soldiers. The nave was remodelled in 1832. 

The south transept of the cathedral was constructed by Bishop 
Gavin Dunbar, and in its interior lies his effigies on an altar placed 
under a flowered arch, on which is engraved his escutcheon. Bishop 
Dunbar was son of Sir James Dunbar of Cumnock, by his wife, 
Jane, eldest daughter of the Earl of Sutherland. His nephew was 
Gavin Dunbar, Archbishop of Glasgow. After various preferments 
he was appointed Bishop of Aberdeen in 1518. He induced 
Hector Boece to prepare his " History," constructed a bridge 
across the Dee, and endowed an hospital. He died on the 9th 
March, 1532. 

A handsome monument in St. Machar's cathedral commemorates 
Patrick Forbes of Corse, bishop of the diocese. It is inscribed 
thus : 

"Hie requiescit vir incomparabilis, fulgentissimum quondam 
Scotiae sidus, Patricius Forbes, episcopus Abredonensis, pruden- 
tissimus pastor, fidelissimus prsedicator, eximius scriptor, egregius 
consilavius regius, studii generalis Abredonensis instaurator et 
cancell arius, et nova? professions theologicse in eodem fundator, 
Baro de Oneil ac Dominus a Corse qui placicle ac pie obiit, 
pridie Paschatis 28 Martii, anno Dom. 1635. ^Etatis suse 71." 

" Apocalyps >J< 6 Grace. 

" Csetus stella sacri, pastorum gemma, regentum gloria, cura poli 
Deliciae Corsse. 

" Salus per Christum. Nemo tollat qui Deum timet." 

Eldest son of William Forbes, of Corse, the subject of the pre- 
ceding epitaph, was born in 1564. Studying at the universities of 
Glasgow and St. Andrews, he became a licentiate of the church. 
He declined ordination till his forty- eighth year, when he was 



admitted minister of Keith. In 1617 he was elected one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh ; and in the following year was consecrated 
Bishop of Aberdeen. In the discharge of his episcopal duties he 
exhibited a sound judgment and becoming zeaL He married a 
daughter of David Spence of Wormeston, Fifeshire; his eldest 
son, John, became Professor of Divinity in King's College. He 
composed a Commentary on the Book of Eevelation, and other 

In the cathedral a plain monument, with the following legend, 
celebrates Bishop Patrick Scougal : 

" Hie in Christo requiescit E. P. Patricius episcopus Abredo- 
nensis D. Joannis Scougalli de eodem filius ; ivri omni elogio dignus : 
utpote pie pacificus, modeste prudens, eruditse probitatis decus et 
exemplar. Nee morose gravis nee superbe doctus ; egenis, dum 
viveret, proesens asylum : basilicam Sancti Macharii bibliothecam 
Collegii regii, necnon hospitium publicum veteris Abredonise, pro- 
pensse munificentise indiciis haud spernendis ditavit. Ad episcopale 
inunus consecratus, die Paschatis (Aprilis 10) anno Dom. 1664. 
Fatis cessit Feb. 16 anno salutis 1682. Episcopatus 18 aetatis vero 
suae 75. Hoc monumentum qualequale piaa memoriae charissimi 
parentis sacravit magister Jacobus Scougal, commissarius dioceseos 

Patrick Scougal was successively minister of Dairsie and Leuchars 
in Fife; he was in 1658 translated to Salton. From that charge 
he was in 1664 promoted to the bishopric of Aberdeen. He took 
active part in the conviction of persons accused of sorcery, and was 
in ecclesiastical affairs chiefly guided by Archbishop Sharp. In his 
personal aspects he was coarse and ungainly. His son James, who 
erected his monument, was latterly commissary of Edinburgh. His 
son Henry is commemorated in the chapel of King's College, 
Aberdeen (see supra, p. 302). 



A tablet in the church wall is thus inscribed : 

" Close to this wall, in front of this tablet, lie the remains of Sir 
Alexander Cuniing of Culter, Baronet, and his lady, Elizabeth 
Dennis, co-heiress of Pucklechurch in Glostershire. Where they 
now lie was formerly under their own seat in the Old Church, 
where they were buried." 

In the churchyard a tombstone in honour of Patrick Duff, of 
Culter, presents the following legend : 

" To the memory of Patrick Duff of Culter, Esq. He was born 
November the 16, 1692. He died October 20, 1763. He examined 
Christianity, and believed it firmly, and loved it warmly. From 
Christian principles he performed social virtues ; in relieving distress 
and promoting useful arts he delighted. The affection of his 
Widow raises this monument." 

From tombstones in the churchyard we have these rhymes : 

" While manly beauty in meridian bloom, 
Untimely hastening to the ghastly tomb, 
Calls from the eye the sympathetic tear ; 
Pause, Friend, and shed the mournful tribute here. 
If social manners, with a taste refined ; 
If sterling worth, with unassuming mind ; 
If filial tenderness possess a charm ; 
If steady friendship can your bosom warm ; 
Then, reader, imitate, applaud, revere, 
What triumph'd in the man that's buried here." 

" Within this narrow house of clay, 
The bones of William Martin ly ; 
He was an honest man and just, 
All honest men might well him trust. 
By sweat of brow his bread he won, 
He liv'd and dy'd an honest man. 

Lord, said he, thy strength and grace 

1 ever will admire ; 

For by Thy sending me relief, 
Thou'st taught me to aspire. 


The heavens Thou hast open set, 
And rent the vail that I 
May upward look, and Thy dear Son, 
With glory grand espy." 


Within the parish church a marble tablet commemorates the Rev. 
James Robertson, D.D., Professor of Church History in the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh. This accomplished and eminent divine was 
son of a farmer in this parish. He was born on the 2nd January, 
1803, and in his twelfth year was enrolled as a student of Maris- 
chal College. In 1825 he was elected schoolmaster of this 
parish, and in other three years was preferred to the head-master- 
ship of Gordon's Hospital, Aberdeen. To the church of Ellon he 
was appointed in 1832. From the first he preached without notes, 
and with that power and energy which characterised his future 
appearances. In the non-intrusion controversy he took part with 
the Conservative section of the Church. At the Disruption in 1843 
he was promoted to the Professorship of Church History at Edin- 
burgh, and was appointed Secretary to the Bible Board. He under- 
took the Convenership of the Endowment Committee of the Church, 
dedicating to the duties his chief energies and the whole of his 
leisure. His success in raising money was unprecedented, and he 
was privileged to secure the endowment of many important chapels. 
But his labours proved entirely overwhelming. He was seized with 
an illness, to which he succumbed on the 2nd December, 1860, in 
his fifty-eighth year. At Edinburgh a "Memorial Church" has 
been erected in celebration of his patriotism and Christian de- 

These metrical legends are presented on tombstones in the 
parish churchyard : 

" Here lies in hope beneath this stone 
A pious, wise, meek, upright one, 


Who 'midst this daily toil and care 
By saving truths his life did square." 

"A. wit is a feather, 
A chief is a rod, 

But an honest man 
Is the noblest work of God, 
His path is straight, 
His end is peace." 

" One joy we joy'd, one grief we grieved, 
One love we loved, one life we lived, 
One was the hand, one was the word, 
That did his death, her death afford, 
As all they rest, so now the stone 
That tombs them two, is justly one." 

" John Eenny ly's under this stone, 
O'ercome by death, that spareth none, 
Take heed and read and you shall see 
As I am now so must you be, 
Eotting in dark and silent dust, 
Prepare for death, for die you must." 


Within a vault of the old church a monument celebrates 
Christian Frazer, younger daughter of Sir Alexander Frazer, first 
knight of Philorth. She was wife of William Hay, of Fedderat, 
and grandmother of Alexander Crawfurd, of Eathen. 

A monument in the old church is thus inscribed 

" Erected by Miss Elizabeth Frazer to mark the Burial ground 
of the family of Memsie, which extends 8 feet 10 inches from the 
arch within the aisle. The remains of her Father, Mother, and 
Aunt are deposited in the following order from the arch. 1st., 


Mrs. Sarah Frazer, of Memsie, died 3d April, 1807, aged 74 ; 2d, 
William Frazer, Esquire, of Memsie, died 13th Sept., 1813, aged 
74; 3d, Mrs. Elizabeth Abernethy, died 23d January, 1816, 
aged 74." 

An ornamental granite cross in the churchyard commemorates 
John Gordon, of Cairnbulg, who died 18th September, 1861, aged 


On the tombstone of the Rev. John Middleton, minister , of the 
parish, are sculptured these lines : 

" As late I stood in pulpit round, 
And now I ly alow the ground, 
When as you cross my corpse so cold, 
Remember the words that I you told." 

Mr. Middleton died 4th August, 1653, aged forty-four. He was 
a zealous supporter of the Covenant, and joined the Protesters 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates Robert Arbuthnot, 
of Scotsmill, grandfather of the celebrated John Arbuthnot, M.D., 
physician to Queen Anne. On the tombstone the arms of the 
ancient families of Arbuthnot and Gordon are impaled. The stone 
was repaired by the late Sir William Arbuthnot, Bart., of Edin- 
burgh (VoL I. p. 79), a descendant of the House. 



Within the church a marble tablet is thus inscribed : 

" Near the southern -wall of this church are interred the mortal 
remains of George Skene, of Skene, descended from a long line of 
that name, who was born on the IX. day of May MDCCXLIX., 
and died on the XXIX. day of April MDCCCXXV." 

The lands of Skene were conveyed to the family by King Eobert 
the Bruce in 1317. The male line is extinct, the House being 
now represented by the Earl of Fife. 

In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates James Davidson, 
Esq., of Kinmundy, who died 3rd November, 1827, aged seventy- 

An altar stone is thus inscribed : 

" Within this enclosure are interred the remains of Katherine- 
Ann-Buchan Forbes, the wife of William McCombie of Easter 
Skene and Lynturk, and daughter of Major Alexander Forbes of 
Inverernan, who died on the 16th day of April 1835, in the 26th 
year of her age. And of their son, Thomas, who died on the 
15th day of September 1841, in the 10th year of his age." 

The mother of Mr. McCombie was daughter of Duncan Forbes- 
Mitchell, Esq., of Thanestone, second son of Sir Arthur Forbes, of 

A tombstone commemorates Catherine Henderson, relict of the 
Eev. Dr. Walter Ireland, minister of North Leith, who died 22nd 
January, 1853, aged eighty. (Vol. I, p. 123.) 


Separated by a railing from the nave of the church is the 
burial-place of Forbes of Newe. Here a freestone monument 
commemorates " William Forbes, of Newe," who died 10th January 


1698, aged seventy-six. On a marble monument is the following 
inscription : 

" To the memory of John Forbes, Esquire, of Newe (formerly 
of Bombay), second son of John Forbes, Esquire, of Bellabeg. 
Born there the 19th September 1743, died in Fitzroy Square, 
London, 20th June, 1821, and buried in this church. A dutiful 
son, an affectionate brother, a warm and steady friend, his amiable 
manners and goodness of heart endeared him to all who knew 
him his active benevolence was extended to all who stood in 
need of assistance. But, the ' widow and fatherless,' in India 
and in Britain, were the special objects of his protection. This 
monument was erected by his nephew, Sir Charles Forbes, Baronet 
of Newe and Edinglassie, 1837. Altius ibunt qui ad summa 

Sir Charles Forbes, Bart., was, like his uncle, long connected with 
Bombay, where a statue, executed by Chantrey, was erected in his 
honour. He sat in Parliament upwards of twenty years. In 1823 
he was created a baronet, when his tenantry reared on Lonach hill 
a cairn celebrating the event. It is inscribed thus : 

" The tenantry of the lands of Newe, Ediuglassie, Bellabeg, and 
Skellater, in testimony of their affection and gratitude, have erected 
this pile to their highly distinguished and beloved landlord, Sir 
Charles Forbes, Bart., M.P., on his elevation to the dignity of a 
Baronet of the United Kingdom by his Majestv George IV., in 

Sir Charles Forbes died at London on the 20th September, 1849, 
aged seventy-six. 

In the south wall of the church a monumental tablet comme- 
morates Charles Forbes, Esq., of Auchernach, keeper of the castle 
of Corgarff, who died 5th May, 1794, aged sixty-four; Major-General 
David Forbes, C.-B., of the 78th Regiment, son of the preceding, 
who died 29th March, 1849, aged seventy-seven, and Lieutenant- 
General Nathaniel Forbes, of Auchernach and Dunnottar, eldest 
son of Charles Forbes of Auchernach^ who died 16th August, 1851, 
aged eighty-six. 


Mural tablets celebrate Captain Alexander Forbes of Inverernan, 
who died 5th June, 1819, aged seventy-five, and Major Alexander 
Forbes of Inverernan, who died 20th July, 1830, aged fifty-five. 

Tlie"?lev. Dr. George Forbes of Blelach and Inverernan, is com- 
memorated by an appropriate monument. Born on the 8th April 
1778, he studied at Marischal College, and was ordained minister 
of Strathdon in 1804. He demitted his charge in 1829, and died 
suddenly on the 16th February, 1834. Dr. Forbes was a keen pro- 
moter of agriculture, and was highly esteemed for his beneficence. 

Tombstones commemorate Alexander Anderson, of Candacraig, 
died 13th March, 1817, aged sixty-five ; Major John Anderson of 
Candacraig, died 24th December, 1845, aged forty-five ; Robert 
Farquharson of Allerg, died 31st January, 1771, aged seventy- 
seven; Eobert Farquharson of Allargue and Breda, died 14th Feb- 
ruary, 1863 ; Alexander Stuart, Esq., writer to the signet, died 19th 
September, 1787, aged eighty-seven, and Lieutenant Hugh Eobert 
Meiklejohn, son of the Rev. Robert Meiklejohn, minister of Strath- 
don, who was killed at Jhansi, in Central India, 3rd April, 1858, 
aged twenty-two. 

These metrical inscriptions are from various gravestones , 

" Moulder'd we with our fathers lie, 

In earth and common dust ; 
Bring down, O man thy lofty eye, 
As we died so thou must." 

"A watchman faithful, honest, just 
Who ne'er betrayed his sacred trust, 
"Whose love to Christ and to his flock, 
Breath'd in all that e'er he spoke." 

" Weep not for us ye parents dear, 
Blest was the time that we came here, 
For tho' we can't return to you 
And you yourselves to death must bow, 
Yet if ye fear and serve your God 
You'll meet us in his blest abode." 



In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Rev. William 
Anderson, minister of the parish, who died 17th July, 1806, aged 
forty-nine. His son Alexander Anderson became Lord Provost of 
Aberdeen, and was knighted by Her Majesty when a statue of the 
Prince Consort was inaugurated in that city in 1863. 

Tombstones in the churchyard present these rhymes : 

" In hope to sing without a sob 

The anthem ever new, 
I gladly bid the dusty globe 
And vain delights adieu." 

" John Baxter and M. Davidson his wife, 
Lived fifty years a conjugal life ; 
On one night they both died, and here are interr'd, 
By relations and neighbours rever'd." 


Within the church a handsome monument thus commemorates 
one of the Barclays of Towie : 

Anno ?' ** 1636. 
A. D. 

"Barclaivs jacet hie tovase gloria gentis saecvla cvi priscvm 
qvina dedere decvs calcvlvs hvncjvvenem poster tria Ivstra peremit 
nee medicse qvidqvam profvit artis opvs ossa tegit tellvs animain 
cselestis origo fvit setherise limina sedis habent." 




Near the ruin of the old church is a burial vault, formerly used 
by the Ogilvies of Boyne, cadets of the House of Ogilvy in For- 

Within the area of the church a tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" To the memory of the Stuarts, formerly of Ordens, this being 
the burial-place of that family for many ages this stone is placed 
by the Eev. James Stuart, one of their descendants, late Rector of 
George Town Parish, South Carolina, and Chaplain to the King's 
Eangers in North America, 1785." 

A mortuary enclosure contains several gravestones commemo- 
rating descendants of Milne of Kirstare. A marble tablet, erected 
by his friends, celebrates John Milue, Esq., surgeon in Banff, who 
died by a fall from his horse, 20th May, 1833, aged twenty-six. 


Within an enclosure a monument thus commemorates several 
members of the House of Cubin and Drumuir : 

" Near this spot lie interred the remains of Major Alexander 
Duff, younger of Cubin, who died at Davidston, in the year 1777. 
Also of his son, Admiral Archibald Duff, of Drumuir, who departed 
this life at Braemorriston, near Elgin, the 9th day of Feb., 1858, 
aged 84. Frances Jones, widow of Admiral Duff, died 21 Dec., 
1861, aged 74." 


The Ardbrach aisle has a monument thus inscribed : 

" Memoriae sacrum. Hie subtus siti sunt cineres Annse Gordon 
et Katharinse Leslie, loannis et lacobi Andersonorum ab Ardbrake 
conjugum dilectarum, una cum liberis exutraque susceptis, quarum 
haec, annos nata 39, 7 Id. Mart. A. M. C. 1667, fatis succubuit, ilia 
vero . . annorum matrona, 13 Kal. Decembr, A,D. 1670, lumina 
clausit ; inquarum decus et perennem famam, quippe qua3 fuerint 
claris editse natalibus, eximiis que excultae virtutibus, pro summo 
in demortuas affectu et observantia monumentum hoc superstruen- 
dum curavunt loannes et lacobus Andersoni, pater et filius. 

A mural slab bears the following : 


" 1760 : This monument is erected by John Stuart in Rosarie, 
in memory of his grandfather, William, and his father, Thomas, 
who both lived and died at Bodinfmnich, and of his uncle Hendry, 
who sometime lived and died in Rosarie. John, William, Alexander, 
George, Hendry, Mary, and Beatrix, Hendry 's children, also lie 
here. It is to be observed that this has been the burial place of 
the said Stuarts long before, and ever since the Reformation." 


A tombstone commemorates John Gordon, sometime farmer in 
Drumferg, who died 21st July, 1759, aged fifty-one. His son, 
Lieut.-Colonel John Gordon, of the 92nd Regiment, died at Coy- 
nochie, 27th March, 1827, aged seventy-five. 

On the tombstone of Patrick Gordon, are these lines : 

" Death of all men is the total sum, 
The period unto which we all must come ; 
He lives but a short life that lives the longest, 
And he is weak in death that in life was strongest." 



The parish church was for several centuries the burial-place of 
the Houses of Findlater and Seafield. A monument, reared in 
1554, to the memory of Alexander Ogilvie, Baron Findlater, and 
his wife, Elizabeth Uordon, is thus described by Mr. Cordiner, in 
his " Remarkable Ruins of North Britain " : " The splendid en- 
richments that crown the pyramidal columns have a very elegant 
and beautiful effect. The bas-reliefs are well raised and minutely 
finished. The figures of the entombed, in devotional attitudes, are 
well rounded and correctly drawn. The sculptures of the central 
and interior part, according to the ideas of early ages, have most 
learned and sublime allusion. Two angels guarding an altar-piece, 
on which the virtues of the deceased are inscribed, seem to call the 
dead, represented by a skeleton laid under the altar, to appear 
before the tribunal of the Most High, expressed by a hieroglyphic 
above. ' The Ancient of Days sat on the clouds of heaven, and 
they came near before him to judgment,' was the bold imagery by 
which the prophet Daniel pointed out the things that must be 
hereafter. The well known symbol here on the tomb of this one, 
upholding the globe in his arm, implies the intellectual power and 
wisdom which is the origin and support of creation. The attitude 
of Benediction and the Triple Crown, though seemingly of more 
modern allusion, yet, in the Egyptian wisdom, refer to the three great 
attributes of Deity, and the Supreme pronouncing a blessing on 
his works. The pillars of heaven, expressed by columns supporting 
an arch, rest on the cloud and a circumambient vine. From that 
arch diverging rays are spread, in which a dove is descending, and 
they beam on the cross that rises over the globe the most ancient 
and venerable symbols of the universal benignity of the Uncreated 
Light of the World manifesting the Divine favour to man." 

Another superb monument, formerly in the church, represented 
the figure of an armed warrior recumbent ; it celebrated John Duff, 


of Muldavat, a reputed ancestor of the Earl of Fife, who died in 
1404. This monument was in 1790 placed in the mausoleum of 
Duff House Park. 


A decorated monument in the wall of the church is thus in- 
scribed : 

"patricius . brlay . Z . hoc . me . fiere . fecit, 
hie . iacet . honorabilis . vir . patricius . barclay . dns . de . 

tolly . qui . obiit die . mencs ano . Dni . m . q mo . 

et . ioneta . ogiuy . eius . sponca . qui . obiit . cexto . die . 
mencs . ianuarii . ano . dm . m . qvi . quadrage . septimo." 

Patrick Barclay of Tolly, thus commemorated, was descended 
from a family which owned lands in Gamrie from the time of King 
Robert the Bruce. The male line failed early in the seventeenth 
century, when Isabella the heiress married Charles, second son of 
the sixth Earl of Lauderdale. William Barclay, the eminent scholar 
and father of the author of "Argenis," was a native of the parish, 
and was nearly related to the proprietor of Tolly ; he died in 1605, 
aged about sixty. 

A stone, engraved with the Keith arms and the motto " Victorias 
Limes," is on the margin thus inscribed : 

" Heir lyis the rycht honorabil Alexander Keyth of Trvp, de- 
pairtit yis lyf the xxv of Marche 1605." 

Sir Robert Keith the Marischal acquired the barony of Troup by 
marrying the heiress ; he granted it in 1413 to John, his second 
son, a progenitor of the Keiths of Northfield, one of whom was 
second heir to the barony in 1628. 

On a flagstone are these words : 

"Bessy Strachan, and Mrs. Bathia Forbes, ladies of Troup, 1781." 


Major Gordon, son of the proprietor of Banchory, served in the 
army of Gustavus Adolphus. Eeturning to Scotland in 1654, he 
purchased the estate of Troup, and marrying Betty, daughter of 
Strachan of Glenkindie, became ancestor of Francis Garden, Lord 
Gardenstone. His lordship died in 1793. In the old church a 
monumental frame has been erected to his memory. 

An altar tombstone of white marble commemorates Alexander 
Chalmers, Esq., of Clunie, who died llth August, 1835, aged seventy. 
This benevolent gentleman bequeathed 70,000 for the erection and 
endowment of an hospital and free dispensary at Banff. The insti- 
tution is designated the " Chalmers' Hospital." 


In an aisle of the old church Alexander Duff of Braco, who died 
in 1705, was interred. A handsome monument reared over his 
remains has long disappeared. 

A burial aisle belonging to the family of Innes of Edingight 
presents a mural tablet, with the following legend : 

" This monument is erected by John Innes of Mwiryfold to the 
memory of Thomas Innes, of Mwiryfold, his father, who lyes here 
interred. He died the 12 of Sept., 1754, aged 73 years." 

Thomas Innes was son of the proprietor of Edingight, and was 
factor to the Earl of Fife. The family is represented by Sir James 
Milne Innes, Bart., of Balveny and Edingight. 

A monument, with a latin inscription, commemorates George 
Wilson, father-in-law of James Ferguson, the self-educated astro- 
nomer ; he died 22nd March, 1742, aged sixty-four. 

Tombstones celebrate the Eev. Alexander Kerr, minister of the 
parish, who died in 1693 ; the Eev. Archibald Campbell, minister 
of the parish, who died 16th October, 1774; Eev. Andrew Young, 


minister of the Associate church, died 21st May, 1788; Rev. 
John Primrose, of the Associate church, died 28th February, 1832 ; 
and the Rev. William Duff, minister of the parish, who died 23rd 
September, 1844, in his fifty-third year and the twenty- third of his 
ministry. A son of the last, who has assumed as a cognomen his 
baptismal name, Andrew Halliday, has attained distinction as a 
dramatic writer. 


From tombstones in the parish churchyard we have these quaint 
legends : 

" This stone was erected here by John Hendrie, who died the 
24th December, 1815, in the 63d year of his age, with the concur- 
rence of Penuel Cameron, his spouse, who died 7 May, 1&18, in the 
57th year of her age." 

" Adieu, dear friends, who laid me here, 
Where I must lie till Christ appear ; 
When he appears I hope 'twill be 
A joyful rising unto me." 


Within the ruin of the old church a monument commemorates 
the first wife of the Rev. James Strachan, minister of the parish, 
who succeeded to the baronetcy of Thornton. It is thus inscribed : 

" Sub scamno D d . Kinnminnitie cineres lectissima? feminse D. 
Kath. Rossae D. de Thorntone, cuius etiamsi fragrantissimae memorise 
monumentis omni sere pereimiorib, abunde satis litatum sit hoc 
tamen mauseoleo parentandum duxit coniimx ipsius pula ... I), 
lac. Strachanus de Thornt. : huius ecclesiae pastor. OI)iit puer- 
pera 6th Apr. anno 1689 .... quiescunt et hie Gul., Rob., et 
Joshue Strachanus lilii eorum." 


Mr. Straclian was educated at King's College, Aberdeen, and was 
ordained minister of Keith in 1665. On his succeeding to the 
family honours he was locally celebrated in these lines : 

" The beltit knicht o' Thornton, 

An' laird o' Pittendreich, 
An' Maister James Strachnn, 
The Minister o' Keith." 

He was deprived, 7th November, 1689, for having in prayer 
entreated the restoration of James VII. He continued to minister 
at Keith in an Episcopal meeting-house. He died at Inverness 
in 1715, about the age of seventy-four. As stated in the pre- 
ceding inscription, he married Katharine Eoss, who died in 
childbed, 6th April, 1689. His sons by this marriage, William, 
Bobert, and Joshua, predeceased their father. It is believed 
that Mr. Strachan married secondly a daughter of Forbes of 
Waterton. To his eldest son James, he presented the family 
estate. He fell in the rebellion of 1715, and the succession 
devolved on his brother Francis, who became a Jesuit and 
resided abroad. Hugh a younger brother, also a Jesuit, afterwards 
succeeded to the baronetcy; he died at Douay in 1745. 

Within a mortuary enclosure a monumental tablet celebrates 
" James Thurburn," of Smailholm, Berwickshire, only son of the 
Kev. John Thurburn, minister of Kirknewton, who died at Drum, 
near Keith, 9th May, 1798, aged fifty-nine. 

A monument commemorates James Milne, of Kinstair, who died 
9th May, 1771, aged eighty-three ; it bears the names of his 
children and some of his progenitors. 

A tombstone denotes the resting-place of the Eev. James McLean, 
sometime minister of the parish, who died 14th November, 1840, 
aged eighty-two. His son George, born in 1801, was husband of 
Letitia Elizabeth Landon, the celebrated authoress ; he was governor 
of Cape Coast Castle, and died in 1847. 

A plain tombstone marks the grave of James Jamieson, late 
Master in the Eoyal Navy, who died 18th July, 1817, aged eighty- 

VOL. n. 2 A 


two. He was master of the Boreas frigate, and is mentioned as 
Jamie Jamieson in Lord Nelson's dispatches. 

A tombstone embellished with a floral cross commemorates the 
Rev. John Murdoch, Episcopal clergyman, who died 29th April 
1850, aged eighty-three. His son-in-law, the Eev. J. F. S. Gor- 
don, D.D., has published several works relating to Scottish anti- 

A gravestone denotes the grave of Elizabeth Anderson, daughter 
of the Eev. James Anderson, sometime minister of Keith, and wife 
of James Glashan, writer; she died 10th July, 1773. aged twenty- 
two. Jean, his eldest daughter, married Robert Stuart of Aucharme; 
their son John Stuart, LL.D., is the distinguished antiquary. 

On the tombstone of John Giles, whs died in 1787, are these 
lines : 

" Beneath this stone, in hope again to rise, 
The relics of an honest man are laid ; 
So, Reader, learn superior worth to prize, 
That what is said of him, of thee be said. 
Such peaceful neighbour, and a friend so sure, 
Such tender parent, and such a husband kind ; 
Such modest pattern of Religion pure, 
In Keith's wide precincts we too seldom find. 
His hands industrious and his heart sincere, 
Of worldly wise men, he disdained the wiles ; 
Go, Passenger ! make haste thy God to know, 
And in thy actions imitate John Giles." 


Within the church a freestone monument is thus inscribed : 

" Here lies the body of Ann Lindsay, spouse of John Gordon of 
Glenbucket, and daughter of the Right Hon. Sir Alexander Lind- 
say of Evelack, who departed this life on the 9th day of June, 1750, 
aged fifty years. Also Helen Reid, spouse of William Gordon, Esq. 
of Glenbucket, and daughter of the Right. Hon. Sir John Reid of 
Barra, who died on the 5th May, 1766, aged 52 years ; and Lilias 


McHardy, spouse of John Gordon, Esq., of Glenbucket, and daughter 
of William McHardy, late in Delnilat, who died May 30th, 1829, 
aged 78 years. And of Elspet Stewart, spouse of Charles Gordon, 
Esq., St. Bridget, and daughter of William Stewart, Esq., Ballen- 
trewan, who died 2nd February, 1856, aged 63 years." 

The Gordons of Glenbucket sprung from the House of Eothie- 
may, and the Lindsays of Evelack descend from a younger son of 
Sir Walter Lindsay of Edzell. 

A massive monument, appropriately dedicated, denotes the grave 
of Lieutenant General William Alexander Gordon, C.B., colonel of 
the 54th Eegiment ; he died at Nairn, 10th August, 1856, aged 

On an altar tombstone is the following legend : 

" To preserve this burying-ground, and in pious regard to the 
memory of Einlay Farquharson of Auchriachan, who possessed 
this place since 1569, son to Findlay Farquharson, Esq., of Inver- 
cauld ; likewise William Farquharson, who died anno 1719 aged 
80 years, who was the ninth man of that family who possessed 
Auchriachan, and Janet Grant his spouse, who died anno 1720, 
aged 78. Also William Farquharson, son of Invercauld .... 
who died anno 1723, aged 30, and Elizabeth Farquharson his 
spouse who died anno 1720, aged 78. Also Sophia McGrigor, who 
died 15th May, 1769, aged 59, spouse to Eobert Farquharson in 
Auchriachan, who erected this monument, 1789. 

" The said Eobert Farquharson died in 179 . William his son 
died in April, 1811, and Alexander the last in the male line, died 
llth Nov. 1835, aged 78. Janet Farquharson, Eobert's eldest 
daughter, married James Cameron, Ballenlish, and this tablet is re- 
newed by their son Angus Cameron, of Firhall, 1851. 

" These bodies low lie here consign'd to rest, 
With hopes withal to rise among the blest : 
Sweet be their sleep, and blessed their wakening, 
Eeader ! pray for those that pray for thee." 

The estate of Auchriachan, possessed by the Farquharsons for 
two hundred years, has for a century formed part of the Gordon 
estates, belonging to the Duke of Eichmond. 

In the south wall of the church, a marble tablet commemorates 


Patrick Grant, Esq., of Glenlochy, formerly of Stocktown, who died 
15th April, 1783, aged seventy-four, and his wife Beatrice, daughter 
of Donald Grant, of Inverlochy, who died 24th January, 1780, aged 
sixty-nine. Their elder son, John Grant, (Vol. I., p. 59) purchased 
Kilgraston, in Perthshire, and was succeeded in that estate by his 
brother Francis, who married, in 1795, Anne, eldest daughter of 
Robert Oliphant, Esq., of Eossie, and died in 1819. Sir Francis 
Grant, fourth son of Francis Grant of Kilgraston, is president of 
the Royal Academy. The fifth son, Sir James Hope Grant, G.C.B., 
Lieutenant-General, is highly distinguished for his military services. 


Within a mortuary enclosure, monumental tablets celebrate John 
Innes, Esq., of Muryfold, died 3rd October, 1780; James Rose 
Innes, died 4th August, 1814, aged forty, and Mrs. Elizabeth Mary 
Rose Innes, of Netherdale, died 17th January, 1851, aged seventy- 
three ; James Rose Innes, died 10th June, 1845, aged forty-four ; 
also other members of the family. 

In the churchyard tombstones commemorate the Rev. Dr. George 
Meldrum, proprietor of Crombie in this parish, who died in 1692, 
aged seventy-six ; John Gordon, Esq., of Avochie and Mayne, who 
died 27th of November, 1857, aged sixty ; and the Rev. Hugh 
Chalmers, minister of the parish, who died 5th June, 1707, in the 
fifty-ninth year of his age, and thirty-sixth of his ministry. 


At the south west corner of the church a mural monument is 
thus inscribed : 

" Hoc conduntur turnulo, reliquiae Alexandri Duff de Keithmore 
et Helenas Grant, uxoris suae charissimae : Qui quadraginta annos 
et ultra, felici et fsecundo connubiojuncti, vixerunt. Uterq. quidem 


ingenue natus. Ille ex nobilissimis Fifee Thanis per vetustam 
familiam de Craighead, paulo abhinc superstitem, proxime et legi- 
time oriundus : Ilia ex splendida et potent! Grantseorum familia, 
eodem quoq. modo originem trahens. Ortu non obscuri, suis tamen 
virtutibus illustriores ; opibus affluxerunt, et liberis ingenue educa- 
tis, floruere pie, juste et sobrie vixerunt ; et sic in Domino mortem 
obiere; Ilia anno Domini 1694, setatis suae sexagesimo." 

Alexander Duff served under the Marquis of Montrose, and was 
some time imprisoned by the Covenanters. He died in the year 
1700, at the age of seventy-six. Along with four daughters he left 
three sons, who were respectively designated of Braco, Dipple, and 
Craigston. William Duff, eldest son of the proprietor of Dipple, 
represented some years the county of Banff in Parliament, and 
was in 1735 raised to the peerage as Baron Braco, of Kilbryde. In 
1759 he was created Viscount Macduff, and Earl of Fife. The 
present Earl of Fife is his lineal descendant. 

In the north wall of the church a stone effigy in armour is sup- 
posed to represent Alexander Leslie, first baron of Kininvie ; he 
died about 1549. The grandson of his third son, George, who received 
the lands of Drummine, was the celebrated General Alexander 
Leslie, afterwards Lord Balgonie, and Earl of Leven. Isobel Leslie, 
eldest daughter of the fifth baron of Kininvie, was mother of Arch- 
bishop Sharp. In the churchyard John Leslie of Kininvie (uncle of 
the Archbishop) commemorates his wife Helen Grant, who lived 
with her husband sixty years and departed llth May, 1712, in the 
eighty-second year of her age. The family of Kininvie is now re- 
presented by George A. Young Leslie, Esq., the present proprietor. 

A marble tablet in the church is thus inscribed. 

" M.O.V.S. : Mri. Hugonis Innes, filij honorabilis viri Joannis 
Innes de Leichnet, qui, cum aniios triginta quatuor, sacra in hoc 
templo peregisset, obijt anno Christi MDCCXXXII., natus annos 
LXVIII. Posuit hoc monumentum pia ac dilectissima conjux 
Eliz. Abernethie filia domini de Mayeii." 

Mr. Innes was celebrated for his bodily strength. His family, 


Innes of lichnett sprung from Sir Robert Innes of that ilk. His 
wife was descended from Abernethy of that ilk in Perthshire. 

Major Cameron, a distinguished Indian officer is by a memorial 
tablet celebrated thus : 

"To the memory of Major John Cameron, C.B., KI.C. Native 
Infantry, on the establishment of St. George, who after serving his 
country in India for thirty-two years, both in civil and military 
capacity, and particularly in most of the principal events during 
that period, died on the 15th June, 1838 while officiating as Resi- 
dent at the Court of Hyderabad, aged 47 years. This tablet has 
been erected to his memory, and placed in the church of his native 
parish, by a few of his friends in India, as a mark of esteem and 
affection for his public and private character." 

In the churchyard a tombstone bearing the Farquharson arms 
has, with the date 1417, the following legend : 

" Hie iacet honorabilis vir Robertvs Farquharson de Lauchtitvany 
qui obiit mar de quint meri anno dni. m quo. xi sexto cum sua 
pro piqiet." 

A tombstone commemorates Alexander Sturm, merchant, Duff- 
town, who died in April, 1848. His son James Sturm, who died 
at Hampstead, 7th May, 1869, bequeathed, among other legacies 
for charitable purposes, 3000 to Mortlach parish. 

A sculptured stone in the haugh of the Dullan is believed to 
have been erected by King Malcolm, to celebrate the overthrow of 
an army of Danes. 

On Mortlach hill a monument has lately been erected in honour 
of Charles, tenth Marquess of Huntly, who died 18th September, 
1863. The monument is sixty feet in height ; it consists of a plain 
obelisk resting on a pedestal of grey granite. An inscription 
bears that it was reared by the tenantry on the late Marquess's 



The aisle of the old church forms the burial place of the Hays 
of Eannes ; on the entrance it is thus inscribed : 


Within the aisle a marble monument presents the following 
pedigree : 

"To the memory of the Hays of Eannes and Lenplum. 1421, 
Sir William Hay of Locharat was ancestor of the noble family of 
Tweeddale ; 1474, he married a second wife Alicia, daughter of Sir 
Win. Hay of Errol, by whom he had Sir Edmund Hay of Lenplum, 
and Moram, who married Margaret Kerr, and had Dugald Hay of 
Lenplum, who married Helen Cockburn of Newhall. Their children 
were, 1520 (l.) Edmund Hay of Lenplum; (n.) George Hay of 
Eannes; (in.) William Hay of Edderston; (iv.) Andrew Hay of 
Eanfield. 1562, The above George Hay was Superintendent of 
Glasgow and Aberdeen, Secretary to the Privy Council in the year 
1567, and Eector of Eathven. He added the lands of Faskin and 
Findachy to his patrimonial inheritance. He also acquired the 
lands of Edderston, which he bestowed on his brother William, and 
the lands of Eanfield, which he gave to his brother Andrew. 1567, 
The above George Hay married Marriot, daughter of Henderson of 
Fordel, of whom there were (i.) George, who died unmarried in the 
year 1586. 1603 (n.) James Hay of Eannes and Lenplum, who 
married Katherine, daughter of Dunbar of Grange. Their children 
were (i.) George Hay of Eannes ; (n.) James Hay of Muldavit ; 
(in.) John Hay of Langshed; (iv.) Andrew; (v.) William; (vi.) 
Katherine; (vn.) Anne. The above James Hay of Eannes suc- 
ceeded to the estate of Lenplum in consequence of the failure of 
heirs-male of William Hay of Lenplum, as is instructed by a deed 
recorded in the books of Session, 28th of May 1599 ; but afterwards 
sold this property to Sir William Hay, a younger son of the family 
of Tweeddale. 1630, In the estate of Eannes he was succeeded by 
his eldest son George, who married Agnes, daughter of Guthrie of 
Guthrie, Bishop of Murray, and had, 1645, James Hay of Eannes, 
who married Margaret, daughter of Gordon of Park. Their children 
were (i.) James Hay of Eannes ; (n.) Andrew Hay of Mountblairy, 
of whom the Hays of Cocklaw and Faichfield are descended. 1684, 
The above James Hay of Eannes married Margaret, daughter of 


Gordon of Glengerrack. Their children were (i.) Charles Hay of 
Rannes, born 1688, and died in London in 1751 ; (n.) James Hay, 
who married Helen Lauder, dowager Lady Banff, of whom were 
James, Charles, and William Hay. 1710, The above Charles Hay 
of Rannes married Helen, only child of Dr. Andrew Fraser, Inver- 
ness. Their children were (I.) Andrew Hay of Rannes ; (n.) Alex- 
ander Hay, died 1771, aged 47 ; (in.) Mary, married to Leitb of 
Leithall ; (iv.) Katherine, married to Gordon of Sheilagreen ; (v.) 
Clementina, married to Duff, of Whitehill ; (vr.) Margaret, married 
to Russell of Montcoffer ; (vn.) Jane, unmarried. 

"1789, The above Andrew Hay died, unmarried, the 29th of 
August 1789, aged 76, and his remains are deposited in this aisle. 
Mr. Hay was distinguished for those qualities which add grace and 
dignity to human nature. Possessed of true piety, he was an affec- 
tionate kinsman, a steady friend, a pleasant companion, and an 
honest man. The urbanity of his manners, and the kindness of his 
disposition, were universally felt and acknowledged. He made use 
of his fortune with that happy prudence which enabled him, while 
alive, to share enjoyment with his friends, and to leave to his suc- 
cessor an ample and independent inheritance. Rev. xiv. 13." 

The estate of Rannes now belongs to the Earl of Seafield. 
Within a mortuary enclosure are the following inscriptions : 

" Memorise charissimse suse conjugis Elizabeths Gordon, quae 
Jecessit die decimo quinto Januarij calendas, 1725, setatis suas 31. 
Monurnentum hoc extrui curavit maritus superstes Alexander 
Gordon de Cairnfield, Signeto Pagio Scriba." 

" Sacred to the memory of James Gordon, second son of Alex. 
Gordon of Cairnfield, who died at Banff on the 1 January 1815, 
aged 77; and Janet Mercer, his spouse, who died at Nairn, on 
the 24 May 1842, aged 84. This tablet is placed by Adam-Garden 
Gordon, their youngest son, and Francis Gordon of Kincardine, 

" ' Bydand ' To the memory of Adam Gordon of Cairnfield, who 
died 17th March 1847, aged 74. Elizabeth Cruickshank, his wife, 
eldest daughter of the late Patrick Cruickshank of Stracathro, 
Forfarshire, died 29th January 1847, aged 67, and their two sons 
and two daughters, who predeceased them. Erected as a tribute 
of respect and affection by their surviving sons John Gordon of 
Cairnfield ; Patrick, Major, H.E.I.S. ; George, merchant, U.S., Ame- 
rica; James C. Duff, and William, Lieutenant, H.E.I.C.S." 


By the first inscription is commemorated Elizabeth Gordon, 
heiress of Cairnfield, and first wife of Alexander Gordon, writer to 
the signet, a cadet of the Gordons of Dykeside, Moray shire. James 
Gordon, commemorated in the second inscription, was son of Alex- 
ander Gordon by a second wife. 

A marble slab thus commemorates the Stewarts of Tanochy : 

" Sacred to the memory of the late family of Stewart of Tanochy, 
all of whom, but two, lie interred here. Patrick Stewart of Tanochy, 
died 31 Dec. 1779, aged 50 ; Elizabeth, his wife, died 4 April 1804, 
aged 60. Their three sons, George Stewart of Tanochy, W.S., died 
Oct. 1814, aged 45 ; Alexander, Major 75tlj regt., killed in Calabria, 

April 1813, aged 40 ; Andrew died in the Island of Jamaica, . 

Their two daughters, Harriet-Mary, died 19 July 1864, in the 93 
year of her age ; Elizabeth-Margaret, died 24 July 1858, aged 82. 

Within the Catholic chapel at Buckie two mural tablets are thus 
inscribed : 

" Pray for the Soul of Sir William Gordon, Baronet, of Gordon- 
stone and Letterfourie. Born 26th December 1804 ; deceased 5th 
Deer. 1861, whose remains are interred in this church. May he 
rest in peace." 

" Pray for the Souls of Sir James Gordon, Baronet of Gordon 
stown and Letterfourie, born in the year 1779 ; deceased on the 24th 
December 1843. And of his spouse, Mary Glendonwin of Glen- 
donwin, born in the year 1783-, deceased on the 18th May 1845'; 
whose remains are interred within this church. May they rest in 
peace. Amen." 

The first Gordon of Letterfourie was James, fourth son of George, 
second Earl of Huntly; he was in 1513 appointed admiral of 
Scotland. The Hon. Eobert Gordon of Gordonstone was created a 
baronet of Nova Scotia on the 28th May, 1625 ; he was the first 
who attained this honour. He held various public offices. 

In Chapelford burial-ground an altar tombstone celebrates Thomas 
Mcolson, Bishop of Peristachium and Vicax Apostolic in Scotland. 
It is thus inscribed : 

" D.O.M. Reu enus D. Thomas Nicolson, Epis. Peristach. Vic. Ap. 


in Scotia, hie iacet. Vir fuit primseva pietate, insignis candore et 
simplicitate Christiana, admirandus integritate, et morum innocentia 
eximius, ingenio acutus, doctrina et eruditione clarus, prudentia et 
sapientia singularis, zelo et charitate fidelibus charissimus, benefi- 
centia comitate et liberalitate etiam iis qui foris sunt venerabilis. 
Abi, viator, et bene precare. Vixit annos circiter 76, obiit quarto 
Idus Octobris anno repate salutis 1718." 

Bishop Nicolson was a younger son of Thomas Nicolson of 
Kemnay, by his wife, a daughter of Abercromby of Birkenbog. 
Born a Protestant, he adopted the Eomish faith. 




On gravestones in the churchyard are these rhymes 

" Troubles sore we surely bore, 

Physicians were in vain, 
Till God above by his just love 
Relieved all our pain/' 

" All in this lonesome house of rest 

I lie but for a time, 
In hopes to rise as Jesus rose, 
And spend a life divine." 

" The world's a city 

Full of streets, 
And death's a market 

That every one meets ; 
But if life were a thing 

That money could buy, 
The poor could not live 

Aiid the rich would ne'er die." 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates John Ross, Pro- 
fessor of Oriental Languages in King's College, Aberdeen, who died 
9th July, 1814, aged eighty-four. 

A gravestone celebrates William Marshall, Factor to Alexander 


Duke of Gordon, eminent as a composer of Scottish music, especially 
strathspeys. He died 29th May, 1833, in his eighty-fifth year. 
Four of his sons were officers in the army, and several of them 
acquired distinction. 

An altar tombstone denotes the grave of the Rev. John Anderson, 
sometime minister of the parish, who died 22nd April, 1839, in his 
eightieth year and the fifty-seventh of his ministry. Skilled in the 
affairs of business, Mr. Anderson was employed as factor by the 
Duke of Gordon, and was nominated a Justice of the Peace. On 
account of his several offices he was thus rhymed upon by a local 

" The Rev. John Anderson, 

Factor to His Grace, 
Minister of Fochabers, 
And Justice of the Peace." 

The General Assembly, by a deliverance in 1819 highly disap- 
proved of ministers holding secular offices, and in consequence Mr. 
Anderson resigned his charge. 

On tombstones in the churchyard are these verses : 

" Unknown to pomp, and bred to rural toil, 

To him the Christian's faith and hope were given; 
Unskilled in art, nor trained in courtly guile, 
He lived to God, and died to wake in heaven." 

" It was in the bloom of manhood's prime, 

When death to me was sent ; 
All you that have a longer time, 
Be careful and repent." 

" 0, the grave, whilst it covers each fault, each defect 

Leaves untarnish'd the worth of the Just ; 
His memory we'll cherish with tender respect, 
Whilst bis body consumes in the dust." 



In the church a marble monument commemorates " Helen Cum- 
ing Campbell, daughter of Alexander Cuming of Craigmill, and 
Elizabeth Tulloh, died 14th November, 1800.". The estate of Craig- 
mill now belongs to Grant of Elchies. 


On a tombstone in the parish churchyard is the following quaint 
epitaph : 

" Eeader, would you wish to hear 
Who took and placed me here ? 
Well, as you seem to be at leisure, 
I was placed here by Sandy Fraser. 
Tis here John Eraser's ashes ly, 
As soon as born he began to die. 
In figure and feature and powers of mind, 

As perfect as most of his peers 
As gratefully held, as serenely resigned 

Life's lease, which was eighty-four years. 
With low and with lofty frank candid and fair, 

Soon bargained and counted and cleared ; 
On folly and vice and imposture severe, 

Yet neither was hated nor feared." 


Adjoining the church is a mausoleum belonging to the Earl of 
Seafield. Here the Grants of Castle Grant, now represented by 
the Earl of Seafield, interred for three hundred years. 

In the church a marble tablet is thus inscribed . 

"Captain William Grant, 27th Eegt., Bengal N.I., Assistant- 
Adjutant-General of A ffganistan, eldest son of the late Major Grant 


Auchterblair, was killed in the action at Gundermuck, during the 
disastrous retreat of the British Army from Cabool, on the 13th 
of January, 1842, aged 38 years. Erected by his bereaved widow." 

Within a mortuary enclosure are commemorated Colonel Sir 
Maxwell Grant, who died 22nd October, 1823, and other members 
of the families of Grant of Tullochgorm and Tullickgriban. 


In Dyke churchyard a mortuary enclosure bears the following 
inscription : 

"Valter : Kinnaird : Elizabeth : Innes, : 1613. 

" The : Bvildars : Of : This : Bed : Of : Stane : 

Ar : Laird . And : Ladie : Of : Covbine : 
Qvhilk : Tua : And : Thars : Qvhane : Braithe : Is : Gane : 
Pleis : God : Vil : Sleip : This : Bed : Vithin :" 


Elgin cathedral was founded in 1224 by Andrew de Moravia or 
Moray, bishop of the diocese. It was destroyed in 1390 by 
Alexander Stewart, third son of Robert II., known as the Wolf of 
Badenoch (see supra, p. 159), but was rebuilt soon afterwards. 
It presented the form of a Jerusalem cross, having five towers, 
two at each end and one in the centre. The interior consisted of 
a nave, choir, and two aisles. Reared in richly decorated Gothic 
architecture the fabric presented a gorgeous and most imposing 
aspect. At the Reformation it was stripped of its leaden covering 
and thereafter allowed to fall into decay. Even as a ruin it 
claims the attention of the admirers of architectural art. 

In the choir a large block of blue marble denotes the resting- 
place of Bishop Andrew de Moravia, the munificent founder. The 
bishop died in 1242, after an episcopate of about twenty years. 

In St. Mary's aisle a monument commemorates Alexander 


Seton, who in 1449 was created Earl of Huntly; he died in 1470. 
St. Mary's aisle also contains a monument in memory of Henrietta, 
daughter of Charles, Earl of Peterborough and Monmouth, and 
wife of Alexander, second Duke of Gordon; she died in 1760. 

In the south transept were interred the remains of Alexander 
Stewart, Duke of Albany, second son of James II. ; he died in 1480 
and his effigy is preserved in a mural recess. 

As a burial place the old family of Innes, now represented by 
the Duke of Eoxburghe, made use of the south transept. It con- 
tains a full length figure of Eobert Innes, of Innesmarkie, who died 
in 1482. In the cathedral churchyard a monument commemorates 
Eobert Innes of that Ilk and his wife Elizabeth Elphinstone. It 
is thus inscribed : 

" Eequiescunt hie Eobertus Innes ab eodem, et Elizabetha Elphin- 
stone, ejus conjux, qui fatis concesserunt 25 Septemb. et 26 Febr. 
anno sal. hum. 1597 et 1610. Ideoque; in piam gratamque; memo- 
riam charissimorum parentum, hoc monumentum extruendum cura- 
vit Eobertus films." 

In the aisle (styled of St. Peter and St. Paul) is the burial-ground 
of the D unbars of Grange, an ancient house in Morayshire. A 
monument erected by Eobert Dunbar of Grange Hall, chief of Clan 
Durris, in memory of his wife, is inscribed thus : 

" A holy virgin in her younger lyff, 
And next a prudent and a faithful wyfe, 
A pious mother, who with Christian care 
Informed her children with the love and fear 
Of God and virtuous acts. Who can express, 
Alone reader by a volume from the press." 

In the nave these lines formerly commemorated Eobert Leslie, 
younger son of George, fourth Earl of Eothes, and his wife, a daugh- 
ter of the House of Elphinstone." 

" Eobertus Lesly, comitis qui filius olim, 
Eothusie fuerat, simul et suavissima conjux, 


Elpstonii soholes herois, conduntur in antro 
Hoc licet obscure celebres pietate supersunt. 
Hos quondam binos Hymenseus junxit in unum, 
Corpus, et his vivis semper suis una voluntas, 
Unus amor, domus una fuit ; nunc lumine cassos 
Una duos iterum condit libitina sepultos." 

In the Apprentice aisle a monument commemorates the Rev. 
Robert Langlands, minister of the first charge, and formerly of the 
Barony Church, Glasgow. The monument bears the following 
legend : 

"Hie requiescit vir pius reverendus, dominus Robertus Lang- 
lands fulgentissimum quondam ecclesise sidus mellifluus verbi prseco, 
fidelis mysteriorum Dei ceconomus ecclesise Glascuensis per annos 
aliquot pastor vigilantissimus; et ad Elginum, paulo ante obitum 
generalis hujus ecclesue synodi decreto translatus, ubi pie ac placide 
obiit pridie idus Augusti, anno Dom. 1696. In cujus memoriam 
monumentum hoc extruendum curarunt amici et reverendus collega, 
dominus Jacobus Thomson. 

" Hac situs est humili clams Langlandius urna, 
Flebilis heu cunctis occidit ille probis, 
Prgeco pius reserans sacri mysteria verbi 
Et docuit populum sedulus usque; suum 
Doctrinae laudes varies, prudentia rerum, 
Ornabant animum consiliumque ; sagax ; 
Et licet Elginum teneat quein Glascua quondam, 
Dilexit, proprium vendicat ipse polus." 

In the Apprentice aisle the Rev. James Thomson, of Newton, 
Fifeshire, minister of the second charge, has thus celebrated 
Elizabeth Paterson, his first wife, who died 12th August, 1698, 
aged thirty-six : 

"Elizabeth here lyes, who led her life 
Unstained while virgin and twice married wife. 
She was her parents' image her did grace 
All the illustrious honours of the face ; 
With eminent piety and complaisance 
All the decorements of exalted sense. 
David's swan song much in her mouth, she had 
More in her heart on it established. 


Departed hence, it being her desire, 
All and delight, just when she did expire ; 
By all bewailed she in the flower of age, 
As Jacob's Rachel, was turned off the stage ; 
One only child beside, death, by his sting, 
Unto this urn within three days did bring." 

By the subscriptions of opulent persons in the town and district 
a monument has recently been placed in the cathedral, on the site 
of the great altar, in honour of the Eev. Lachlan Shaw, one of the 
collegiate ministers of the parish, and author of the " History of the 
Province of Moray." Son of a respectable farmer at Eothiemurchus, 
Mr. Shaw studied at King's College and the University of Edin- 
burgh, and in 1716 received licence as a probationer. During the 
same year he was admitted to the pastoral charge of Kingussie ; he 
was in 1719 translated to Cawdor, and in 1734 was preferred to 
the second charge of Elgin. An accurate scholar and accomplished 
antiquary, his friendship was cultivated by his learned contem- 
poraries. He demitted his charge in 1774, and died 23rd February, 
1777, in his eighty-fifth year and the sixty-first of his ministry. 
Besides his valuable provincial history he composed a description of 
Elgin, continued Rose's " Genealogy of the Family of Kilravock," 
and edited the Rev. Dr. Macpherson's " Critical Dissertations." His 
great-granddaughter was second wife of the celebrated Francis 

From the area of the cathedral and the surrounding churchyard 
we have the following rhymes : 

" Stay, passenger, consider well 

That thou ere long in dust 

Must dwell. Endeavour then 

While thou hast breath 

Still to avoid the second death 

For on tymes minute 

Doth depend torments 

And joy without an end. 
Therefore consider what you read, 
For the best advice is from the dead." 

2 B 


" This world is a city 
Full of streets ; 
Death is the mercat 
That all men meets. 
If lyfe were a thing 
That monie could buy 
The poor could not live 
And the rich would not die." 

" The Tyrant Death he triumphs here ; 

His Trophies spread around ! 
And Heaps of Dust and Bones appear, 

Thro' all the hollow Ground. 
But where the souls, those deathless things, 

That left this dying clay ! 
My Thoughts now stretch out all your Wings 

And trace eternity. 
There we shall swim in heavenly Bliss, 

Or sink in flaming Waves ; 
While the pale carcass thoughtless lies, 

Amongst the silent Graves. 
Some hearty Friend shall drop a Tear 

On our dry Bones, and say 
These once were strong as mine appear, 

And mine must be as they. 
Thus shall our mouldering Members teach, 

What now our Senses learn, 
For Dust and Ashes loudest preach 

Men's infinite Concern." 


In the churchyard Emilia Dunbar has commemorated her husband 

" A Loving Husband & a Father dear 
. A Faithful trusty Friend lies buried here 
He was the man that ne'er oppressed the poor 
Nor sent the stranger hungry from his door. 


Death can't disjoin whom Christian Love has joined 
Nor raze his memry from his Widow's mind. 
Esteem'd, revered, respected and beloved 
He e'er shall be by her whom once he lov'd. 
Not from a stranger comes this heartfelt verse 
Emilia Dunbar's griefs shall never cease." 

On the gravestone of the Rev. Joseph Brodie, minister of the 
parish, his nephew, Alexander Brodie of Brodie, inscribed these 
lines : 

" Why choosest, thou man, when fallen asleep, 

This place of rest ? Even still my flock to keep, 

As living dying preached I, so my grave, 

Tomb, dust, these bones, dead walls, and porch shall have 

A voice to witness, teach, cry, call to mind 

The good word preached, which true ere long they'll find." 

Fourth son of the David Brodie of Brodie, the subject of the 
preceding epitaph was admitted minister of Keith in 1631. He 
was translated to Torres in 1646, where he ministered till his death, 
which took place on the 27th October, 1656. He married a daughter 
of Bishop Guthrie of Moray. 


In the parish churchyard is a slab stone adorned with Runes ; 
its history is unknown. 

Within a mortuary enclosure a tombstone celebrates James 
William Grant, Esq., of Elchies, who died 17th December, 1865, 
aged seventy-seven. Mr. Grant held a civil appointment in India, 
and was distinguished as an astronomer. 

In the old churchyard of Elchies is a burial-vault which be- 
longed to Grant of Easter Elchies, but which is now possessed by 
the Earl of Seafield. In the interior a monument, with a long 
inscription in Latin, celebrates John Grant of Elchies, a captain in 


the army and zealous patriot, who died 4th March, 1715, aged fifty- 
six. His son Patrick, who reared the monument to his memory, 
passed advocate in 1712, and was raised to the bench as Lord 
Elchies in 1732. A profound and industrious lawyer, he impaired 
his popularity both as an advocate and judge by an impatient 
manner. He collected the " Decisions of the Court of Session from 
1733 to 1757," and prepared "Annotations on Lord Stair's Insti- 
tutes," which were both published posthumously. Lord Elchies 
died on the 27th July, 1754. 

These metrical epitaphs are from Knockando churchyard : 

" Stay, passenger, consider well, 

Whilst thou art on this stage, 
When Death with his commission comes, 

He will not ask thine age. 
Here lies a blossom quickly pulled, 

Ere it came to its prime ; 
Therefore, I say, improve it well 

Whilst thou hast precious time." 

" To Death's despotic sceptre all must bend, 
He spares not parent, child, nor weeping friend ; 
Not manhood's bloom, nor youth's fair tender flower, 
Can move his pity or resist his power. 
Meagre consumption here a FATHER laid, 


'Twas sin that gave tyrannic pow'r to Death, 
And, at his summons, these resigned their breath, 
Until their Saviour calls them from the grave, 
Destroys grim Death, and shows his pow'r to save." 


In t&e churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Rev. James 
Leslie, first Presbyterian minister of the parish; it is thus in- 
scribed : 

" Here lies ane noble man, Mr. James Leslie, Parson of Rothes, 
Brother German of George, uniquhile Earl of the same, who departed 
in the Lord 13th October, 1575." 



An enclosure attached to the parish church is known as the 
Leuchars aisle. Therein two tablets commemorate Alexander Innes 
Matthie Mill, who died 1st November, 1636, and Alexander Innes, 
who died 1688. The former was brother of John Innes, proprietor 
of Leuchars. 

The family of Innes of Coxton interred in the choir of Lhanbryde 
church. Within the choir a recess tomb presents the effigies of an 
armed knight, with a freestone tablet at the side thus inscribed : 

-612 . SV.E . VERO . .ETATIS . 80." 

Another slab presents the following : 


GIGHT . QV^E . FATIS . CONCESSIT . 20 . AVGVSTI . ANO . . . 164? .... IN . 




In the old churchyard a plain tombstone thus commemorates a 
granduncle of the celebrated Lord Macaulay : 

" Under this are interred the Eemains of the Eevd. Kenneth 
Macaulay, Minister of Calder, who died 2nd March MDCCLXXIX. 
in the 56 year of his age and in the 32ud of his ministry. 
' Notus in fratris animi paterni.' " 

Mr. Macaulay published a " History of St. Kilda," which was 
carefully revised by Dr. John McPherson, minister of Sleat. He 
was visited by Dr. Samuel Johnson, who held a low estimate of his 


In the parish church two monuments, belonging to the House of 
Eose of Kilravock, have these inscriptions : 

" Mors Christi mors mortis. Sic itur ad astra. Positum Davidi 
Eose de Earlesmill, filio Gulielmo Eose et Liliae Hay, Domini et 
Dominse de Kilravock, qui obiit 30 Mail 1669. ^Etatis 76. Necnon 
conjugi, Christines Cuthbert, filise Jacobi Cuthbert de Drakie, quae 
obiit 8 Septemb 1658. In memoriam parentum et fratum Jacobi, 
Gulielmi et Alexandri et Gulielmi Eose, adornandum curavit 
Magister Hugo Eose, divini verbi Minister apud Nairn, 1667." 

" Joannes Eose de Broadley, filius Gulielmi Eose et Lilise Hay, 
Domini et Dominse de Kilravock, obiit 19 April, 1662. ^Etatis 72. 
Anna Chisholme ipsius conjunx filia Domini de Cromlix, obiit 29 
Maii, 1658. Filii et conjugis . . . Joannes primogenitus, 1, Joanna 
Ky nnaird, filia Domini deCoulbine; 2, Christina Fraser, filia . . . . 


Fraser de Strouie. Jacobus secundo genitus, tribunus militum in 
Gallia, 1641. Gulielmus tertiogenitus Lilias Grant, soror Joannis 
Grant de Moynes. Hugo quartogenitus, Margareta McCulloch, filia 
Andreae McCulloch de Glastalich. Alexander quintogenitus obiit 
1661. Henricus sextogenitus, Joanna Eoss, filia magistri Thomse 
Ross de Morenge. Filise et conjugis Anna primogenita, Alexander 
Dunbar de Boath. Maria secundogenita, magister Joannes Dallas 
de Budzett decanus Eossen. Joanna tertiogenita, magister Jacobus 
McKenzie, divini verbi minister apud Nigg, 1670." 

The family of Eose settled in Nairnshire in the reign of David I., 
they were first designated of Geddes. The House is now repre- 
sented by Major James Eose, the twenty- third laird of Kilravock. 




In the churchyard of Duirinish, Isle of Skye, an obelisk about 
thirty feet in height presents on a marble tablet the following in- 
scription : 

" This pyramid was erected by Simon, Lord Fraser of Lovat, in 
honour of Lord Thomas his father, a Peer of Scotland, and Chief of 
the great and ancient Clan of the Frasers. Being attacked for his 
birthright by the family of Atholl, then in power and favour with 
King William, yet by the valour and fidelity of his clan, and the 
assistance of the Campbells, the old friends and allies of his family, 
he defended his birthright with such greatness and firmety of soul, 
and such valour and activity, that he was an honour to his name, 
and a good pattern to all brave chiefs of clans. He died in the 
month of May, 1699, in the 63rd year of his age, in Dunvegan, 
the house of the Laird of MacLeod, whose sister he had married, 
by whom he had the above Simon, Lord Fraser, and several other 
children. And, for the great love he bore to the family of MacLeod 
he desired to be buried near his wife's relations, in the place where 
two of her uncles lay. And his son, Lord Simon, to show to posterity 
his great affection for his mother's kindred, the brave MacLeods, 
chooses rather to leave his father's bones with them than carry 
them to his own burial-place, near Lovat." 

Thomas Fraser of Beaufort, commemorated in the above inscrip- 
tion, did not obtain legal recognition of his family honours. His 
claim to the title and estates of Lovat was disputed by Amelia 
Fraser, eldest daughter of Hugh, tenth Lord Lovat, and his wife 
Amelia Murray, daughter of John, Marquis of Athole. After a period 
the opposition was withdrawn, and Simon Fraser of Beaufort, son 
of Thomas, was served heir to the title and estates. His career 
forms a curious episode in the national history. He was beheaded 
on Tower Hill, London, 9th April, 1747. 

In the churchyard at Trumpan, at "\Yaternish, were secretly 


entombed the remains of the ill-fated Lady Grange. Daughter of 
John Chiesley of Dairy, who murdered Sir George Lochhart, 
Lord President of the Court of Session, this unhappy gentlewoman 
was subject to fierce ebullitions of temper. Married to Mr. 
James Erskine, a judge in the Court of Session, by the title of Lord 
Grange, and younger brother of the Earl of Mar, who promoted the 
rebellion of 1715, she became cognizant of her husband's disaffec- 
tion. She threatened him with exposure, which implied deprivation 
of office, and probably death upon the scaffold. With the approval 
of his children, Lord Grange negotiated her abduction. A report 
of her death was circulated, and a mock funeral enacted, while the 
unhappy woman was by devious routes carried to the isle of Skye ; 
she was afterwards sent to Uist, and subsequently to St. Kilda, 
where she remained seven years. Again she was removed to Uist, 
and from thence to Skye. By concealing a letter in a clue of yarn 
sent to Inverness market, she contrived to inform her relatives of 
her detention. These applied to the authorities on her behalf, and 
a ship-of-war was dispatched to her rescue. But a strict watch 
was maintained, and she was not discovered. Latterly she was 
kept at Waternish, where she died in May, 1745, after a captivity 
of thirteen years. 


Within the old church of Scarista, island of Lewis, are deposited 
the remains of the Rev. Aulay Macaulay, minister of Harris. This 
reverend gentleman was son of " The Man of Brenish," celebrated 
in song and legend, for his feats of strength. His grandfather Donald 
Macaulay of Lewis distinguished himself on the patriotic side in the 
troubles which arose first with the Fifeshire colonists at Stornoway, 
and afterwards with the Mackenzies. Barn in 1773, Aulay 
Macaulay took his degree at the University of Edinburgh, in 1693, 
and afterwards studied theology in the college of Glasgow. In 
1704 he was admitted minister of Tiree, where he endured many 


privations till his translation to Kilmalie in 1712. In the following 
year he was preferred to Harris, where he ministered till his death, 
which took place on the 20th April, 1758. In his Will he stipulated 
that his remains should be interred at the threshold of the Church, 
so that every Sunday his people might tread upon his grave. His 
desire was not fully complied with, for his remains were deposited 
within the church, and on the right side of the passage. The coffin, 
according to the practice of the island, was placed only a few inches 
under the surface. Many years after, as the church officer was 
scooping the earthen floor of the church, he partially exposed a 
human skull, which he dug up. It was that of Mr. Macaulay. 

Mr. Macaulay married Margaret Morison, and left three sons, 
-/Eneas, John, and Kenneth. The last died minister of Cawdor (see 
supra, p. 374). John, the second son, was born in 1720, and studied 
at King's College, Aberdeen. Having obtained licence, he was, in 
1745, admitted minister of South Uist. In 1755 he was translated 
to Lismore, and thence in 1765 to the second charge of Inverary. In 
1774 he was preferred to the parish of Cardross, where he ministered 
till his death, which took place on the 31st March, 1789. By his 
marriage with Margaret, daughter of Colin Campbell, of Invergregan, 
he had seven sons and five daughters. His third son Zachary was 
some years a merchant at Sierra Leone. Returning to Britain he 
became a prominent member of the Anti-Slavery Society. He was 
father of Lord Macaulay, the distinguished historian. 


In the old church, a monument reared by his son-in-law, John 
Cuthbert, of Castle-hill, Inverness, celebrates William Hay, D.D., 
Bishop of Moray, who died 19th March, 1707, aged sixty-one. It 
is inscribed thus : 

P. M. S. 
" Reverendi admodum in Christo patris Gulielmi Hay, S.T.P. 


episcopi Moraviensis meritissirni, qni priniievae pietatis et suinmae 
eloquentise prsesul, constans ubique ecclesite et majestatis regue 
assertor, nee magis florentis utriusque quam atfiictee; episcopales 
infulas pietate ornavit vitae integritate, morum suavitate decoravit ; 
tandem, studiis et paralysi vicennali exhausto, vitam integerrimam 
beatissima secuta est uiors ; Martii 19, 1707. -<Etatis suse 60. 
Hoc monumentum, qualequale est, qui ejus duxerat Joannes Cuth- 
bert, A.E.M. posuit, ejus filiam duxerat Joannes Cuthbert, A.K.M. 

Bishop Hay was a pious and exemplary prelate. On the aboli- 
tion of episcopacy in 1690, he retired to Inverness. Of mild dispo- 
sition he abhorred persecution, and exhorted his clergy to ministerial 
earnestness and brotherly love. 

In the chapel bury ing-ground a monument celebrates the Hon. 
Sybella Mackay, daughter of John, second Lord Eeay, and wife of 
Alexander Eose, bailie of Inverness. It is inscribed thus : 

"Hicjacet corpus mulieris non tantum natalium splendore, sed 
etiam propriis virtutibus illustris, Dominse Sibyllse M'Kay, filue 
legitimse nobilis quondam et potentis Domini, Joannis reguli a 
Eeay et Dom. Barbarse M'Kay Alexandri Eose, prsetoris Inner- 
nessensis sponsee, quse obiit 16 cal. Novemb. anno serse Christi 
1691. ^Etatis autem suse 27." 

On the tombstone of John Cuthbert, of Drakies, Provost of Inver- 
ness, who died 21st November, 1711, is the following couplet : 

" In death no difference is made 
Betwixt the sceptre and the spade." 

On tombstones at Inverness are these rhymes : 

" The life of man's a rolling stone, 
Mov'd to and fro and quickly gone." 

" Here we lie asleep, till Christ the world surround, 
This sepulchre will keep until the trumpet sound." 


" Asks thou who lies within this place so narrow, 
I'm here to-day, thou may'st be here to-morrow, 
Dust must return to dust, our mother, 
The soul returns to God our father." 

" Here lies my friend, yet he'll no longer lie 
Than death is swallow'd up in victory ; 
We parted were when he resigned his breath 
He'll make us meet again who conquer'd death." 

" Beholder, 

Take time while time doth serve ; 'tis time to-day, 
But secret dangers still attend delay, 
Do what thou canst, to-day hath eagle's wings, 
And who can tell what change to-morrow brings." 


The following inscription on an obelisk commemorates a 
hero : 

" Sacred to the memory of Colonel John Cameron, eldest son of 
Sir Ewen Cameron of Fassfern, Baronet, whose mortal remains, 
transported from the field of glory, where he died rest here with 
those of his forefathers. During twenty years of active military 
service, with a spirit that knew no fear, and shunned no danger, he 
accompanied or led, in marches, sieges, and battles, the gallant 92nd 
Eegiment of Scottish Highlanders, always to honour, almost always 
to victory ; and at length in the 42nd year of his age, upon the 
memorable 16th day of June, A.D. 1815, was slain in the command of 
that corps, while actively contributing to achieve the decisive victory 
of Waterloo, which gave peace to Europe. Thus closing his military 
career with the long and eventful struggle in which his services 
has been so often distinguished, he died lamented by that unrivalled 
general to whose long train of success he had so often contributed ; 
by his country from whom he had repeatedly received marks of the 
highest consideration, and by his sovereign, who graced his surviv- 
ing family with those marks of honour which could not follow to 
this place, him whose merits they were designed to commemorate. 
Reader, call not his fate untimely who thus honoured and lamented 
closed a life of fame by a death of glory." 



In the churchyard of Kilmuir, Isle of Skye, a monument has 
lately been reared at the grave of Flora Macdonald. Composed 
of grey granite it presents the form of an lona Cross, rising with 
the basement to the height of nearly thirty feet. The site is 
elevated, and the monument is conspicuous over a wide area. 

As the dauntless protector of an unfortunate prince, Flora Mac- 
Donald possesses no uncertain claim to honourable commemora- 
tion. Daughter of a gentleman who occupied a farm in the isle 
of Uist, she lost her father in early childhood, and her 
upbringing not long after devolved on her kinsman, Macdonald 
of Armadale in Skye, whom her mother accepted as her 
second husband. Armadale commanded a company of Militia 
in the service of the government ; but Flora was like the majority 
of highland gentlewomen, deeply interested in the cause of the 
Chevalier. Introduced to the Prince after the battle of Culloden, 
she conducted him in disguise as her waiting maid from the Long 
Island to Monkstadt. Discovered to have been privy to his escape 
she was seized, carried to London and committed to the Tower. 
Her heroic conduct made her an object of general concern. She 
was visited by the Prince of Wales, who graciously procured her 
liberation. At the residence of Lady Primrose, she received visits 
from many of the nobility, who warmly commended her generosity. 
Eeturning to Scotland, she married in November, 1750, Allan Mac- 
donald, younger of Kingsburgh. She accompanied her husband to 
North Carolina, where he took part in the War of Independence. 
Having endured many privations and hardships, Mr. and Mrs. 
Macdonald returned to Skye. Their children who attained maturity 
were five sons and two daughters. The sons joined the army and 
the daughters became officers' wives. One of the sons Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Macdonald, F.K.S., was a distinguished officer, and 
possessed some celebrity for his scientific attainments. He died 
in 1831. Mrs. Flora Macdonald died at Kingsburgh on the 5th 
March, 1790. Her funeral was attended by three thousand persons. 


About two years afterwards the remains of her husband were laid 
by her side within the mortuary enclosure of the House of Kings- 


In Kilmuir churchyard a gravestone denotes the resting-place 
of the Rev. Donald Macqueen, minister of the parish, who died 1st 
February, 1785. By Dr. Samuel Johnson he was commended for 
his learning. 


Since the year 1606, when Lachlan, third of that name, and 
sixteenth Laird of Mackintosh was buried at Petty, it has been 
the family burial-ground of the Chiefs of clan Chattan. Four 
chiefs and two of their ladies are laid in the family vault ; the 
other members of the house are sepulchred within a railed en- 

At the east end of the old church is the burial-place of Cap- 
tain John Mackintosh of Kellachie, father of Sir James Mackin- 
tosh, the distinguished philosopher. 

The chief of the Macgillivrays, who was killed at Cullodeu, 
was interred in the churchyard. 


In the churchyard an elegant monument, executed at Rome, 
commemorates Sir James Macdouald, Bart., the " Scottish Mar- 
cellus." This short-lived scholar, eighth baronet of Sleat, and 
male representative of the Lords of the Isles, was born in 1741. 
At Eton he greatly distinguished himself by his attainments, 
and high hopes were entertained of his career. In course of 
his travels he was seized with a complication of disorders, of 
which he died on the 26th July, 1766. His monument is thus 
inscribed : 


" To the memoiy of Sir James Macdonald, Bart., who in the flower 
of his youth had attained to so eminent a degree of knowledge in 
Mathematics, Philosophy, Languages, and in every other branch of 
useful and polite learning, as few have acquired in a long life 
wholly devoted to study ; yet to this erudition he joined what can 
rarely be found with it, great talents for business, great propriety of 
behaviour, great politeness of manners ! His eloquence was sweet, 
correct and flowing ; his memory vast and exact ; his judgment 
strong and acute ; all which endowments, united with the most 
amiable temper and every private virtue, procured him, not only in 
his own country, but also from foreign nations, the highest marks 
of esteem. In the year of our Lord 1766, in the 25th of his life, 
after a long and extremely painful illness, which he supported with 
admirable patience and fortitude, he died at Eome, where notwith- 
standing the difference in religion, such extraordinary honours were 
paid to his memory as had never graced that of any other British 
subject, since the death of Sir Philip Sydney. The fame he left be- 
hind him is the best consolation to his afflicted family, and to his 
countrymen in this isle, for whose benefit he had planned many 
useful improvements, which his fruitful genius suggested, and his 
active spirit promoted under the sober direction of a clear and en- 
lightened understanding. Eeader, bewail our loss, and that of all 
Britain. In testimony of her love, and as the best return she can 
make to her departed son for the constant tenderness and affection 
which, even to his last moments, he showed for her, his much 
afflicted mother, the Lady Margaret Macdonald, daughter to the 
Earl of Eglintoune, erected this monument A.D. 1768." 

Sir James Macdonald's younger brother, Alexander, was in 1776 
created Baron Macdonald of Sleat; he died in 1795. The third 
brother, Archibald, studied for the English bar, and became Lord 
Chief Baron ; he was created a baronet in 1813, and died in 1826. 


Within the churchyard of St. Columba is the burial enclosure of 
the Grants of Glenmoriston. Two tombstones belonging to the 
family are thus inscribed : 

" This stone is erected here in memory of the much honoured 
John Grant, laird of Glenmoriston, who died 1730, aged 79. 

" A.D. 1840 : Alexander Grant, son of John Grant, fifth laird of 


Glenmoriston, and his spouse Janet Mackenzie, grand-daughter of 
Captain Alexander Mackenzie of Gairloch, ancestors of Captain 
George Grant of the Indian Array, has erected this monument as a 
token of affection, esteem, and regard, with which he cherishes 
their memory. They died at Bre, about the year 1730. Deut. 32, 
7 ; Prov. 10, 7. 

" The tomb of James Grant of Burnhall, W.S., 2d son of Patrick 
Grant of Glenmoriston, by Henrietta, daughter of James Grant of 
Rothiemurchus, died 1834, aged 66 years. His family James, died 
at Barbadoes, 1829, aged 20 ; Simon- Fraser died at Edinburgh, 
1829, aged 11 ; John Charles, E.I.C.S., Bengal, died at Singapore, 
1836, aged 28, at whose desire this tomb of his father and family 
was erected. Helen, spouse of Alexander Macdonald of Berbice, 
died at Dawlish, Devonshire, 1840, aged 34.'' 




In the parish churchyard an obelisk reared by a widow in memory 
of her departed husband, has the following epitaph : 

" Cold is that breast where every virtue glow'd, 
Still is that heart whence pure affection flow'd, 
Silent that tongue, whose mild and welcome sound 
Sooth'd all my cares and heal'd my every wound. 
Thy pure affections manly, gentle, kind, 
Eest deep engraved on thy dear partner's mind ; 
Nor could her fruitless tears, her heartfelt grief 
In worldly consolation find relief, 
But God in mercy to her woes hath given 
The cheering hope to meet again in heaven." 


In Contin churchyard, under the shadow of the elevated Tor- 
Achilty, a simple tombstone denotes the grave of William Laid- 
law. This intimate friend and amanuensis of Sir Walter Scott was 
born in Ettrick Forest, in November, 1780. Unsuccessful in 
farming, he was invited by Scott, in his thirty-seventh year, to act as 
land-steward at Abbotsford. There he remained with a brief interval, 
till the death of his patron in 1832. He was now appointed 
steward on the Eoss-shire property of Mrs. Stewart Mackenzie of 
Seaforth ; a situation which he subsequently exchanged for the 
factorship of Sir Charles Lockhart Eoss, of Balnagowan. He 

2 c 


latterly resided at Contin, where he died on the 18th May, 1845. 
Laidlaw became known to Sir Walter Scott, from his love of 
Border ballad. He composed several songs, of which the most 
popular is " Lucy's Flittin." 


Near the Gaelic Chapel, a monumental statue of Hugh Miller, 
executed by Handyside Ritchie, has been reared by public sub- 
scription. (Vol. I., p. 147.) 

In front of the Free Church, a massive monument of Aberdeen 
granite commemorates the Rev. Alexander Stewart, an eminent 
minister of the parish, who died 5th November 1847, aged 54. In 
1843 Mr. Stewart adhered to the Free Church. 


On an artificial mound near the parish church an obelisk fifty- 
seven feet in height was erected by Sir George Mackenzie, first Earl 
of Cromarty, to denote the spot he had selected as a place of sepul- 
ture. Son of Sir John Mackenzie, who was created a baronet in 
1628, this accomplished statesman supported Charles II. by military 
service, and on the Restoration was appointed a Lord of Session, with 
a seat in the Privy Council. By James VII. he was in 1685 created 
a peer with the title of Viscount Tarbet. At the Revolution, 
William III., who knew his abilities, accepted his services as Lord 
Clerk Register : in the beginning of Queen Anne's reign he held 
office as Secretary of State. In January, 1703, he was created 
Earl of Cromarty. He died in 1714 ; his present representative is 
the Countess of Cromarty, Duchess of Sutherland. 



The Abbey of Fearu was founded by Ferquhard, Earl of Ross, 
about the year 1230. An aisle at the east end of the structure 
has for centuries been the burying-place of the ancient House of 
Eoss. Here a handsome monument with a Latin inscription cele- 
brates General the Honourable Charles Eoss, a distinguished 
member of the sept. Second son of George, eleventh Lord Eoss, 
he was born on the 8th February, 1667. As an officer in the army 
he countenanced the Eevolution, but afterwards joined Sir James 
Montgomery in his plot for restoring the exiled House. In 1695 
he was appointed colonel of the royal regiment of Irish dragoons, and 
took part in the continental war. Elected M.P. for Eoss-shire in 
1707, he gave an active support to the Tory administration. In 
1712 he attained the rank of general. He was one of the Secret 
Committee to enquire into the conduct of the South Sea Directors, 
and in this capacity distinguished himself by his activity and 
candour. He died at Bath on the 5th August, 1732, and his 
remains were conveyed to the Abbey of Fearn, and there laid in 
a sarcophagus. 

In the Eoss aisle were interred the remains of Sir John Lock- 
hart Eoss, Bart., of Batnagowan. This gentleman was fifth son of the 
Honourable Grizel Eoss, sister of General Eoss, and her husband Sir 
James Lockhart, of Carstairs. Born on the llth November, 1721, 
he entered the navy in his fourteenth year. In 1756 he obtained com- 
mand of the Tartar frigate of twenty-four guns, with which in the 
course of fifteen months he captured in the channel nine of the 
enemy's ships. In 1787 he was promoted as Vice Admiral of the 
Blue. By the death of his brother George, in July, 1778, he suc- 
ceeded to the family baronetcy. He died at Balnagowan on the 
9th June, 1790, in his sixty-ninth year. He was eminently 

In Hiltoun burying-ground a gravestone now removed bore these 
lines : 




Near the parish church two upright stones are traditionally asso- 
ciated with the history of Fingal. A stone near Castle Leod bearing 
the figure of an eagle denotes the spot at which a number of the 
clan Munro were slain by the Mackenzies of Seaforth. Another 
engagement which took place between the Mackenzies and Mac- 
donalds is commemorated by a group of monoliths. 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates William Ross, the 
celebrated Gaelic bard. Born at Broadford, Isle of Skye, in 1762, 
he was educated at the school of Torres, and in his twenty-fourth 
year was appointed schoolmaster of this parish. He died at Gair- 
loch in his twenty-eighth year. He is styled the Burns of the 
Gaelic Highlands. 


A portion of a sarcophagus in the churchyard is associated with 
a Prince of Loellin who died of his wounds, and was buried at the 
spot. The end of one of the sides bears some sculptures, including a 
man on horseback throwing a spear, and the figure of a crown. 


Attached to the parish church is an ancient Runic cross ; it re- 
presents two priestlike figures in the act of offering sacrifice, with 
other emblems. 


A sculptured stone at Shadwick bears on one side the figure of a 
cross, wrought into an intricate species of fret-work, while inter- 
vening spaces present figures of different kinds of animals. 
On the reverse side are processions, hunting scenes, and other 


The ancient church of Eosemarkie was founded in the 
seventh or eighth century, by Boniface, an Italian ecclesiastic. 
During repairs on the church in 1735, a vault was discovered, 
which contained several stone coffins of rude workmanship, one of 
which may have belonged to the venerable founder. 

In the churchyard are deposited the remains of Andrew Murray, 
Eegent of Scotland in the reign of David II. Having overcome the 
English in many battles, aad restored peace to the country, he 
retired to his estate at Eosemarkie, where he died in 1338. 

Near the town of Fortrose stood the cathedral church of Eoss, 
now a ruin. It was reared in Middle Pointed Gothic, about the 
beginning of the fourteenth century, and was unroofed at the Eefor- 
mation. Now only remain the south aisle to the chapter and nave, 
and the detached chapter house. Under the remaining arches are 
the fragments of several tombs; in one is a canopied tomb of a lady, 
said to have been the Countess of Eoss. A canopied tomb in the 
most easterly arch was opened in 1854, and was found to contain 
the skeleton of a full grown man, enveloped in a tunic of reddish 
silk. A small piece of wood was found on the left side, probably 
the crosier of a bishop. 

In the cathedral, at the burial place of the Earls of Seaforth a 
monument commemorates Dr. George Mackenzie, author of the 
" Lives of Scottish Writers." This laborious compiler was the son 
of the Honourable Colin Mackenzie, and grandson of the second Earl 
of Seaforth. Born on the 10th December, 169, he studied medicine 
and sought practice as a physician at Edinburgh. His work is 
embraced in three folio volumes. 


On the monument of Alexander Mackenzie of Coul, and his wife 
Christian Munro, are these Latin verses : 

" Hoc Mc'Kenzeus pius atque sponsa 
Pulchrum opus cseli domino dicarunt 
Cui suam vitam quoque semetipsos 

Corde dederunt. 

Una mens illis, amor unus, unum 
Gaudium vitae ; hie rogus unus, in quo 
Dormient donee veniet supremi 

Judicis hora." 

Alexander Mackenzie, of Coul, was brother of Kenneth, first 
Lord Mackenzie of Kintail ; his son Kenneth was created a baronet 
of Nova Scotia, 16th October, 1673. 

A gravestone belonging to the Mackenzies of Coul, is thus in- 
scribed : 

" As man as soon as born begins to die, 
So death begins man's life of immortality. 
Death, nature, time adieu, all hail eternity ; 
Man's endless state must be or happiness or woe. 
Tremendous their cause who strive to show 
Annihilation as a safer creed. 
And mankind a muturn pewis breed, 
Were not a hereafter man's predestined lot. 
Man's destiny would be to revel and to rot 
Nature's shame and foulest blot." 

The monument of Thomas Urquhart of Kinundie, who died in 
1633, formerly bore these lines, 

" My hope shall never be confounded, 
Because on Christ my hope is grounded, 
My hope on Christ is rested sure, 
Who wounded was my wounds to cure ; 
Grieve not when friends and kinsfolk die, 
They gain by death eternity." 

Bailie Thomas Forbes, who bequeathed 1200 Scots, for behoof 
of the parochial incumbent, is by his widow celebrated thus : 

" Unica virtus, fama superstes, 
Gratia Christi, causa salutis. 


" Sub spe beatse resurrectionis in Domino, hie conduntur cineres 
Thomae Forbesii, quondam balivi Fortrosensis, mortui 21, sepulti 
25, Mail 1699. Qui, in indicium grati erga Deum animi, et 
charitatis erga homines, 1200 lib. Scot, ad sustentandam evangelii 
prsedicationem, hac in urbe, dicavit. 

" Monumentum hoc, mariti impensis, extruendum curavit Hel- 
ena Stuarta, relicta conjunx, hie etiam sepelienda sperans." 

Jean Grant, daughter of Sir James Grant of Moynes, who died 
18th August, 1688, aged twenty, has these lines upon her tomb : 

" Under this stone behold is laid, 
A modest, pious, spotless maid ; 
Whose life was short, but yet well spent, 
Her soul was still heavenward bent, 
Her virt'ous grace and innocence 
Against all vice did prove a fence, 
Although her body lies in dust, 
Her better part lives with the just, 
Enjoying the dread majesty 
Of Trinity in Unity." 




Near the parish church an enclosure forms the burial-place of the 
Macleods of Assynt, a branch of the Macleods of Lewis. Here 
several members of the House have been interred. The lands of 
Assynt now belong to the Duke of Sutherland. 


Within the church a handsome monument commemorates William 
seventeenth Earl of Sutherland and his countess, both of whom 
died in June, 1766, and were interred in the abbey church of Holy- 
rood (Vol. I., p. 109). A monument celebrates George Granville 
Leveson Gower, first Duke of Sutherland, who died at Dunrobin 
Castle, 19th July, 1833. 


The old churchyard contains the remains of several Earls of 
Sutherland. Their only memorial is a stone in the church wall, 
inscribed as follows : 

" In hoc diruto csemeterio Sutherlandise plurimorum comitum 
cineres conquiescunt." 

Within the enclosures of Dunrobin castle a monumental statue 
celebrates George Granville, second Duke of Sutherland, who died 


28th February, 1861, aged seventy-five. Reared at the cost of the 
tenantry the monument was inaugurated on the 25th September, 18G6, 
in presence of the Prince and Princess of Wales. It consists of a 
bronze figure of the Duke supported on a massive pedestal of grey 
granite. The statue, ten feet in height, represents the Duke stand- 
ing in an easy attitude, clad in modern costume, with the robe of 
the Garter thrown across his shoulder. 


In the churchyard a square monument, with tablets on its four 
sides, commemorates the Rev. John Mackay, his son and two 
grandsons, all connected with the parish. The Rev John Mackay 
ministered at Lairg, from 1714 to 1753. He found the people in 
a condition of ignorance and superstition, and addicted to disorderly 
practices, but by his wholesome teaching and salutary discipline 
he effected a thorough change. He died 23rd February, 1753. 
aged seventy-four. In his ministerial office he was succeeded by 
his son Thomas, who influenced by an earnest piety discharged the 
duties of the pastoral office for the period of fifty-four years. He 
died 28th August, 1803, aged eighty-seven. Of his three sons, 
Hugh and William are commemorated on the monument. Entering 
the service of the East India Company in 1784, Hugh Mackay 
served in the Madras Native Cavalry. Obtaining a staff appoint- 
ment under General Wellesley he became exempted from regimental 
duty, but such was his military ardour that he sought and obtained 
permission to join his regiment at the battle of Assaye. In the 
brilliant charge of cavalry, which gained that battle, he was killed 
at the muzzle of the enemy's guns. At the spot where he fell a 
monument was consecrated to his memory. 

William, youngest son of the Rev. Thomas Mackay went to sea 
in his sixteenth year, and early acquired distinction by his nautical 
abilities. In 1795, he was as second officer of the ship Juno of 


Calcutta sent to the coast of Pegu for a cargo of teak-wood. On 
the coast of Arracan the vessel sprang a leak, and settled down 
leaving her masts only above water. The mainmast was cut off, 
and the crew, seventy-two in number, took refuge on the rigging 
of the two remaining masts. Without food or water, fourteen per- 
sons lived twenty-three days. Among the survivors was the gal- 
lant commander, who has published a thrilling account of his 
sufferings and those of his companions. His more striking details 
supplied materials to Lord Byron for his description of a shipwreck 
in " Don Juan." In 1801 he was by the Bengal government sent 
to the Eed Sea with stores and provisions for the armies of General 
Baird and Sir Ealph Abercrombie. He died at Calcutta in 1804. 
In reference to the two brothers their monument bears : 

" Their bodies lie in the opposite quarter of the globe, but their 
monument is erected where their memory is dearest, near the re- 
mains of their pious fathers, and amidst many living, whose grati- 
tude will attest that fraternal affection has not overcharged this 
record of their virtues/' 

A monument, reared by the parishioners, celebrates the Rev. 
William Mackenzie, minister of the parish. This devoted clergy- 
man was admitted to the charge in 1769. He found the people 
ignorant and careless, and his earlier efforts for their improvement 
proved inefficacious. But his incessant labours at last became 
fruitful. In the district he was styled "the great minister," on 
account of his ministerial fidelity and abundant success. He died on 
5th January, 1834, in his ninety-sixth year and the sixty-seventh 
of his ministry. 




The ruin of the chapel at Spittal, founded in the twelfth 
century, by Eonald, Count of Orkney, was long the burial-place of 
the clan Gunn, a powerful and warlike race inhabiting the district. 
For interment in the chapel at Spittal members of this clan 
earned their dead, especially the remains of their chiefs, from long 
distances amidst the utmost inconveniences of travel. 


On tombstones in the parish churchyard these quaint epitaphs 
are engraved : 

" If nature's charms with virtue joined 
Could stop death's fatal blow, 
She had not died whose body lyes 
Interred this stone below." 

" Cormack . Cormack . and . Helen . Sotherland . 

To . these . tuo . belongs . this . stone . 

As . a . memorandum . of . them . when . gone . 

Six . times . seven . years . they . lived . 

A . happy . life . as . it . becomes . to . man . and . wife . 

A . stage . for . strangers . they . were . 

Anon . her . fame . and . virtue . to most . were . seen . 

And . of . injury . none . could . her . blame . 

To . death . all . are . free . 

But . yours . I . wish . not . to . see . 

Now . Passenger . if . thou . hast . a . tear . 

I . pray . you . stay . and , drop . it . here ." 




In the wall of the old chapel at Crosskirk, a freestone tablet is 

thus inscribed : 


" This motiue stone is put here by me Donald Gunn, son of the 
let decest Alexander Gunn this Donald Gunn being a residenter 
in Forss, and his forfathers befor him of an old cleat liued in the 
forsaid pleac whos dust lys here. He scned his name with lohn 
Gunn and Alexr. Gunn, George Gunn and lines Gunn. " 


Harold's Tower, situated about two miles east of the town of 
Tlmrso, was reared by the late Sir John Sinclair, Bart., to denote the 
burial-place of Earl Harold. The earl was owner of half of Orkney 
and Zetland and the half of Caithness ; he fell in battle in 1190, while 
endeavouring to recover his estates from the hands of a usurper. 

In the parish churchyard a monument, reared by public sub- 
scription, commemorates Robert Dick, an eminent naturalist. Mr. 
Dick was born at Tullibody, Clackmannanshire ; he long resided at 
Thurso, where he died in 1866. 


At Ulbster a stone with some untraceable sculptures is said to 
have marked the grave of a Danish Princess, whom Gunn, the 
founder of the clan of this name, married in Denmark. The vessel 
in which the chief was bringing home his bride was wrecked on 
the shore of Caithness, and the Princess was drowned. 

In the parish churchyard a tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Here lies entombed ane noble and worthie man, John Master, 
of Caithness, who departed this life 15 March, 1576, aged 45 years." 

John Master of Caithness, thus commemorated, was eldest son of 
George Sinclair, fourth Earl of Caithness. He married Jean Hep- 
burn, daughter of Patrick, Earl of Bothwell, and left four sons 
and one daughter. The eldest son was fifth earl 




Kirkwall Cathedral was founded in 1138, by Eonald, Count of 
Orkney, and dedicated to the memory of his uncle Magnus, Earl of 
Orkney, who was canonised for his piety. It was spared at the 
Eeformation, and the choir has long been used as the parish 

Margaret, the Maiden of Norway, grand-daughter of Alexander 
III., and his recognised successor on the Scottish throne, died 
at Orkney in her progress from Norway to Scotland on the 
7th October, 1290; her remains were deposited in St. Magnus 

In the cathedral rest the remains of Andrew Hony man, bishop of 
Orkney, who died in February, 1676. While entering the carriage 
of Archbishop Sharp, at Edinburgh, in July, 1668, he received in 
his arm a poisoned bullet, shot at the primate by one Mitchell, a 
covenanter. From the shock he did not wholly recover. 

In the cathedral a memorial tablet celebrates Malcolm Laing, an 
ingenious historian, who died in 1818, aged 56. His principal 
work, a " History of Scotland from the Union of the Crowns to the 
Union of the Kingdoms," appeared in 1800, in four volumes 


In the parish churchyard the tombstone of a shipmaster is thus 
inscribed : 

398 ORKNEY. 

" Death steers his course to every part of the terrestial globe, 
And where he lands, cuts quickly down all living on this orb, 
For I, who underneath this stone ly sleeping in the grave, 
While here on earth did stoutly scorn proud Neptune's raging 


Great swelling seas I overpast, when stormy winds did boast, 
Yet death me seized when I was near unto my native coast ; 
Kind reader, then, be warned, whether by Land or Sea, 
To learn to live well, then thou shalt prepared be to die." 

The gravestone of a young woman bears these lines : 

" Insulting death puts no 

Eespect on mortals here below 
But mocks them all so, 

That they must to the shades down go. 
Now death's cut down a pleasant flower, 

Of young and tender age, 
Which plainly tells us none are free, 

From his prevailing rage ; 
But God, whom she on earth adorned, 

Took her up to above, 
Where now, we hope, she sings sweet songs, 

Of soul-redeeming love." 


These monumental rhymes are from Westray churchyard 

" Death's but a servant pale 

That leads the little flock 
Into the glorious vaile." 

" Death's trophies over our bodies stand, 
Our souls above at Christ's right hand, 
And Halelujas still doth sing. 
Unto the Lamb our Heavenly King." 





P. 52 1. 21. For Alexander Smellie, read William Smellie ; his 
tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" Infra sepultse sunt reliquiae GULIELMI SMELLIE, S. S. Eeg. et 
Antiq. Soc., qui doctrinse gloria principatum inter sui sseculi Typo- 
graphos tenebat. Librum ilium eximium, cui titulus ' The Philo- 
sophy of Natural History,' conscripsit protulitque in lucem ; et 
Gallico in Anglicum sermonem eel. Buffonii opera vertit. Annos 
natus LIV. e vita excessit, die xxiv. Junij M.DCC.XCV." 


P. 135 1. 17. Thomas Thomson, commemorated in the Dean 
Cemetery, is erroneously described as the distinguished chemist of 
that name, (see Vol. I. 485 and posted.) Thomas Thomson was a 
principal clerk of session, and well known antiquary. Eldest son 
of the Eev. Thomas Thomson, minister of Dailly, he was born on 
the 10th November, 1768. Originally intended for the Church he 
was sometime a theological student; he afterwards attended the 
law classes at Edinburgh, and in 1793 passed advocate. Devoted 
to historical inquiries he edited the works of Lord Hailes, 
and proving himself efficient as an examiner of records 
was in 1806 appointed deputy clerk register. His valu- 
able services in the Eegister House were acknowledged by 


his being appointed in 1828 to a principal clerkship in the Court 
of Session. For the Bannatyne club he edited many important 
antiquarian works, and he was latterly appointed its president. 
Many valuable works published under the authority of the Record 
Commissioners were prepared under his superintendence. He died on 
the 2nd October 1852, at the advanced age of eighty-four. His 
younger brother, the Eev. John Thomson of Duddingston, was 
a celebrated landscape painter. 


Lord Borthwick, whose effigy is preserved in the old church of 
Borthwick (Vol I. p. 156) was son of Sir William Borthwick, who 
sat on the assize of the Duke of Lennox, and constructed a castle on 
the lands of Loch warret. His lordship was not raised to the peerage 
before the year 1430, as previously stated ; he was created a peer 
by James II. in 1452. The family of Borthwick came from Hungary 
and entered Scotland in the train of Margaret the Saxon princess, 
afterwards queen of Malcolm Canmore. They first obtained lands 
in Aberdeenshire, and proceeding southwards became possessed of 
extensive territories in the counties of Dumfries, Selkirk, Eoxburgh, 
and Haddington. 


In the churchyard a tombstone, elaborately sculptured, presents 
the following inscription : 

" Here lys Walter Welsh of Lochquareat, who died the 29th of 
June, 1705, and Helen Parkinson his spouse, who died the 19th of 
March, 1696, and Josias Welsh, their son, who died the 15th of 
October, 1695, and Alexander Welsh, their son, who died the llth 
of July, 1717." 


" Wisdom and virtue ly 

Beneath this stone, 
Which rare accomplishments 

Surpassing many one, 
Courageous bold with 

Meekness mixt together ; 
A loving husband, parent, 

And a brother, 
A courteous wife, sweet 

Children here doth ly, 
Ane emblem clear that 

We must surely dy." 

The descendants of Walter Welsh claim descent from John Knox. 
The reformer's youngest daughter, Elizabeth, married the Eev. John 
Welsh, minister of Ayr ; she became mother of four sons and two 
daughters. One of the sons, Josias, was Presbyterian minister at 
Temple Patrick, in Ireland. He was father of John Welsh, minister 
of Kirkpatrick Irongray, a sufferer in the cause of Presbytery, who 
died at London in 1681, aged about fifty-four. Walter Welsh, of 
Lochquareat, is described by his descendants as a younger brother 
of the minister of Irongray. 

A tombstone, the oldest in the churchyard, is thus inscribed : 

" Vive memor lethi. 

" Maria delectu pietatis Martha labore 
Pervigil assiduo quam teget urna cava. 

" Heir godlines vith 
Verteu in ane Vombe, 
Marie and Martha 
Interrd in this tombe. 

" Hie jacet Isobella Purves 
Roberti Porteous insignis 
Pietate viri quondam conjux 
Quse obiit anno aetatis 
Suse 52, die 20 Octobris 
Anno Domini 1620. Tres liberoa 
Reliquit Prsedicto 
Eoberto. Robertum Guli- 
elmum et Isobellam." 

VOL. n. 2 D 


On the tombstone of a son of James Chirasyde, bailie, who died 
in 1682, aged twelve, are these lines, intended to form an acrostic: 

"In this frail life how soon cut off are we ! 
H e that on earth do breath must suerly die, 
M ount up, Soull, to that seraphick spheare, 
E ternall life if thou wolds have a share; 
S ure God doth for the blessed it prepare. 
C selestiall joy what can compare with thee ! 
H ere nothing is but grif and vanitee, 
I nvieous death, thou could not hurt the soulle 
E ipen'd for glory, though the grave did moulle, 
N atour and strenth, yea, youth thou soon can kill ; 
S o here thou did accomplish divine will. 
Y et where ar now thy fourious darts thy sting, 
D eath cannot stop the soull from taking wing, 
E temity with God above to sing." 

A tombstone bearing the Murray shield is inscribed thus : 

" Heere lyeth Frances Murray, daughter of Sir John Murray, one 
of the family of Black Barronie, who deceest the 4th of February, 
16 il, setatis SUSB 8." 

Sir John Murray was uncle of Sir William Kerr, first Earl of 
Lothian, being his mother's brother. 




A decorated obelisk, sculptured with the family arms, commemo- 
rates John Armstrong, M.D., physician and poet. It is inscribed 
thus : 

" If yet thy shade delights to hover near 

The holy ground where oft thy sire hast taught, 
And where our father fondly flocked to hear, 

Accept the offering which their sons have brought, 
Proud of thy muse, which gave to classic fame 

Our vale and stream, too long before unknown, 
We raise this stone to bear thy deathless name, 

And tell the world that Armstrong was our own, 
To learning worth and genius such as thine." 

Son of the Eev. Eobert Armstrong, minister of the parish, the 
subject of the preceding epitaph was born in 1709. Having studied 
at Edinburgh University, and obtained a medical degree, he began 
practice as a physician in London. In 1744 he published his " Art 
of Preserving Health," a poem in blank verse, which has attained a 
well-deserved popularity. For some time he attended as physician 
the army in Germany. He associated with Dr. Smollett and the 
poet Thomson, and was at first the friend and afterwards the enemy 
of Wilkes. He composed a work on medicine, and other works 
chiefly in verse. He died on the 7th September, 1779. 

Messrs. Eobert and William Armstrong, both ministers of the 
parish, father and brother of Dr. John Armstrong, are commemo- 
rated by tombstones. The former died 16th April, 1732 ; the latter 
10th April, 1749. 

A gravestone denotes the resting-place of the Eev. Angus Barton, 


D.D., minister of the parish, who died 19th April, 1861, in the 
seventy-sixth year of his age, and thirty-ninth of his ministry. 

Tombstones commemorate John Elliot, of Thorlieshope, who 
died in February, 1698, aged seventy-seven, and John Elliot, of 
Binks, who died in August, 1751, aged seventy-seven. 

The tombstone of Daniel Young (died April, 1774) bears these 

" Oh, reader, stay your car, and stay 
And read what I have here to say ; 
You walk on earth as once did I, 
Eemember you and all must die. 

" For in my health I little thought 

My glass was run so near ; 
But now the hour for me is come 
No longer to be here." 

At Milnholm, near the old churchyard of Ettleton, and on the 
right bank of the Liddel, a cross, about eight feet high, is fixed in 
a large stone resting on the surface. On the cross are engraved 
the letters I.H.S., M.A., and A.A ; while beneath, on the shaft, is 
sculptured a two-handed sword with guard curving towards the 
blade. This erection is supposed to denote the spot where the 
body of Armstrong of Mangerton, who was murdered at Hermitage 
Castle by the Lord of Liddesdale, was placed before interment to 
await the inspection of the clan. 

In Ettleton churchyard a large tombstone bears on the margin 
these words : 

" Heir lyes ane worthie person, calit William Armstrang of Sark, 
who died the 18th day of June, 1658, aetatis sua3 56." 

In the centre is the following legend : 

" Jenet Johnstoun, Relek to the sed desised persn heth put up 
this monamente in anno Dom. 1660. 

" Man is grass, to grave he flies, 
Grass decays, and man he dies ; 
Grass returns and man does rise, 
Yet few .... the prise." 


Below the inscription, on a panel, are shields displaying the arms 
of the Houses of Armstrong and Johnstone. 

In Ettleton churchyard a massive obelisk is inscribed thus : 

" In this spot, near which rest the ashes of his forefathers, is in- 
terred William Armstrong, of Sorbytrees, who to the great grief of 
the neighbourhood was shot, without challenge or warning, by the 
Eev. Joseph Smith, Incumbent of Walton, Cumberland, on the night 
of Wednesday, the 16th April, 1851, in the 38th year of his age. 

" In affectionate remembrance this monument was erected by a 
numerous body of friends on both sides of the border, as. a tribute of 
their respect for one whose manly, straightforward, and generous 
disposition gained him the love and esteem of all who knew him. 

For causing Mr. Armstrong's death, Mr. Smith was subjected to 
an assize, and was acquitted. It appeared that Mr. Armstrong had 
rode up to the reverend gentleman's residence late of a dark night, 
on his return from market. Suspecting danger, Mr. Smith opened 
his house door, and without uttering a word fired a pistol at the 
supposed intruder, who fell mortally wounded. Mr. Armstrong 
was deeply lamented by a wide and attached circle of friends 
and neighbours. 




In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates the Jolmstones 
of Back-Kerr, who have for several centuries been connected with the 
parish. It is thus inscribed : 

" In memory of John Johnstone, of Back-Kerr, who died on the 
3rd day of June, 1804, aged 80 years. 

" Also of Janet Pool (his spouse), who died at Bryde-Kirk, 3rd 
September, 1828, aged 83 years. 

" Also of Jane Coulthart, spouse to Robert Johnstone, of Back- 
Kerr, who died 12th January, 1809, aged 29 years. 

" Also of Robert Johnstone, of Back-Kerr, who died on the 15th 
December, 1847, aged 77 years." 

An older tombstone, belonging to the Johnstones of Back-Kerr, is 


In the parish churchyard a handsome altar tomb, supported by 
ornamental pillars, commemorates John Ross, a descendant of the 
Rosses of Halkhead, in the county of Renfrew, who resided at 
Dalton Park, and was much esteemed for his urbanity and public ser- 
vices. Born on the 25th January, 1732, he married, 15th July, 
1763, Margaret, daughter of Alexander Glendinning, of the Isle of 
Dalton, by whom he had a large family. His present representa- 
tive is John Ross Coulthart, of Ashton-under-Lyne, county of Lan- 
caster. The following inscriptions are on the tomb : 


"In memory of Margaret Ross, wife of John Eoss, of New House, 
in Butterthwaite, and daughter of the late Alexander Glen dinning, 
and Agnes Johnstone of the Isle of Dalton, who died on the 17th 
day of January, 1867, in the 64th year of her age. 

" Here also rest the remains of John Eoss, husband of the above 
Margaret, who died on the 6th day of June, 1813, in the 81st year 
of his age. 

" Erected to their memory by John Eoss, their son, of Halifax, 

In the churchyard, tombstones commemorate Michael Eoss, of 
Aldgirth and Smallholmbank, who died 5th April, 1807, aged 
seventy, and his wife Agnes Eae, who died 10th April, 1807, aged 
sixty-five; also James Eoss, of Dormont, who died 27th November, 
1815, aged eighty-two ; and Joseph Eoss, of Wellingborough, county 
of Northampton, who died 30th June, 1815, aged seventy-four. 
There are also tombstones and inscriptions to the memory of the 
Bosses of Bridekirk. 

An altar tomb celebrates Alexander Glendinning of the Isle, and 
Agnes his wife, daughter of John Johnstone, of Graitney. The 
Glendinning family were long connected with the parish. Their 
present representative is Sidney Glendinning, late of Seedley, near 
Manchester, whose father, Alexander Glendinning, of Ashgrove, in 
the county of Kent, served the office of high sheriff of that county 
in 1854. The inscriptions on the Glendinning tomb are 

" To the memory of Alexander Glendinning, in Isle, of this parish, 
who departed this life February 12th, 1785, in the 77th year of his 

" Also Agnes Johnstone, his spouse, who departed this life on the 
23rd day of July, 1792, aged 74 years." 


A descendant of the Eosses of Halkhead, in the county of Een- 
frew, is on his tombstone thus commemorated : 


" To the memory of John Ross, tenant of the farm of Barnden- 
noch, in this parish, who died on the 25th day of March, 1763, 
aged 63 years." 


In the parish churchyard members of the House of Coulthart 
are on an altar tomb celebrated thus : 

"Gulielmus Coulthart de Coulthart et Collyn arm. nominis 
gentisque SUSB facile princeps nat. die Januar. vi. M.DCC.XXXIX. 
denat. die Feb. xv. M.DCCC.VII." 

"In hoc tumulo sepultus est Gulielmus Coulthart armiger 
gentilium suorum et cognominum primarius Jacobi Coulthart de 
Coulthart in Comitatu Wigtonise et de Largmore in seneschalsia 
Kirkcudbright ex uxore Griselda Macturk filius idem atque heres 
qui apud Westdenbie in parochia Dalton Feb. xv. An. M.DCCC.VII. 
^Etat. LXVIII. diem obiit supremum. 

" Una recondita est Jenetta ejusdem viri conjux et vidua Alex- 
andri autem Macnaught de Milton Park in parochia Dalreensi filia 
nata est Janetta Jan. xxiv. An. M.DCC.XLI obiit apud Collynhouse 
in parochia Torthorwald Maii xviii. M.DCCC.XXXIL 

" Intus etiam jacet Alexander Coulthart supra memorati Gulielmi 
Coulthart et Janettse filius natus Alexander Junii xxi An. 
M.DCC.LXIX. vixdum annos viginti egressus morte immatura 
raptus est apud Turfrigg hujus ipsius parochiae die Julii xix. Anno 

Of these inscriptions, the first surrounds the cornice of the tomb 
in raised letters, and the three others are cut into the horizontal 
tablet. The panels of the monument on the sides and ends are 
adorned with armorial shields of the Coulthart family. 


In the churchyard a tombstone commemorates the great-grand- 
father and great-grandmother of John Irving of Boreland, in the 


parish of Punscore, a collateral descendant of the Irvings of 
Bonshaw. It is inscribed thus : 

"Margaret Charteris, spouse to George Irving, died 1746." 

On an adjoining tombstone inscriptions commemorate the 
following members of the same family, viz. : 

" Christopher Irving, Buttertliwaite, died 2nd March, 1798, aged 
83 years. 

"John Irving, his son, died 20th March, 1782, aged 21 years. 

" Mary Irving, his daughter, died 20th April, 1782, aged 11 

" Mary Palmer, his spouse, died 20th December, 1807, aged 81 




In the churchyard a handsome obelisk, of Craignair granite, com- 
memorates John Tait, master of the grammar school. Son of John 
Tait of Miltown Park, parish of Dairy, and his wife Jane 
McNaught, a descendant of the McNaughts of Kilquhanity, Mr. Tait 
was celebrated for his classical and mathematical acquirements. His 
monument is thus inscribed : 

" Erected to the memory of John Tait, 43 years parish school- 
master of Buittle, by old pupils and friends, in testimony of his 
public usefulness and private worth. 

" During a period of unexampled progress in the art of teaching, 
he steadily kept pace with improvement in that profession which 
to his last hour he adorned. He died 27th January, 1857, aged 66 


A tombstone is thus inscribed : 

" This stone is erected by James Coulthart, in memory of Grizel 
McTurk, his spouse, who died 14th July, 1767, aged 66 years. 

" Also of James Coulthart, son of Andrew Coulthart, and grand- 
son of the said James Coulthart, who died 10th February, 1771, 
aged 6 years." 

On the tombstone is presented a curiously sculptured shield, 
bearing the arms of Coulthart and McTurk impaled thus: On the 
dexter a fesse between two colts in chief, and one in base courant, 
for Coulthart; and on the sinister a hunting-horn stringed, for 



In the churchyard a tombstone belonging to Robert Watson, who 
died 15th June, 1839, aged seventy-seven, has the following metri- 
cal inscription : 

" Three years in trouble I endured the rod, 
But in affliction I was loved by God ; 
For God in mercy had decreed the cup, 
Therefore I willingly did drink it up." 

Robert McMillan and his sister Mary have on their tombstone 
these lines : 

" Dear is the spot where Christians sleep, 

And sweet the strains that angels pour ; 
Oh ! why should friends in anguish weep ? 
For they're not lost, but gone before." 

On a vertical tombstone, having a skull and cross-bones carved 
on one side, and a nearly obliterated inscription on the other, Mar- 
garet Heron is thus commemorated : 

" Here lies Margaret Heron, daughter of Patrick Heron, of Heron, 
who was married to George Gordon, of Troquhain, Sept. 21, 1726, 
and died Aug. 13, 1742, aged 44 years." 

The Rev. Dr. Lamont, an eminent minister of the parish, is on 
a handsome monument thus commemorated : 

" Sacred to the memory of David Lamont, D.D., minister of this 
parish, who having been always distinguished by talent of a very 
high order, a candid and charitable disposition, and a temper 
peculiarly amiable, died on the 7th January, 1837, in the 84th year 
of his age, and 63rd of his ministry." 




In the parish churchyard a tombstone belonging to Provost 
Broadfoot, and bearing date 1783, pf5sents these lines : 

" The tender parent with the child here laid, 
Their sacred dust commingles with the dead ; 
Immortal souls have winged the shining way 
To the pure regions of eternal day." 

On his wife's tombstone, Bailie McKelvie has inscribed the 
following : 

" While dwelling here she led a virtuous life, 
By rich and poor esteemed a loving wife, 
Discreet and kind was ever to the poor, 
And sent no person hungry from her door." 

John McGuffog, who died 12th April, 1780, aged twenty-one, 
is thus commemorated : 

" Though born with genius, well improved by art, 
Blest with an honest uncorrupted heart, 
Bloom'd just to cheer us with a transient ray, 
And close at morn the short enduring day ; 
Surprise us for a moment with delight, 
And then for ever vanish from our sight." 

By these rhymes James Bell commemorates his wife : 

" I loved her for her virtues here, 

But God doth part the dearest ties, 
The loan from God, the dust, lies here ; 
The spirit's safe above the skies." 




The collegiate church was founded in 1398 by Archibald the 
Grim, Earl of Douglas. Against the church wall, under the east 
window, rests a fragment of a large double incised slab. It is of 
Bothwell stone, about four feet long and three broad. Divided into 
two compartments, the upper presents a circle enclosing a cross 
with triangular headed limbs, between which are four small circles 
in low relief. Of the lower compartment the dexter half presents 
a plain surface ; the sinister represents a rudely incised shield, bear- 
ing the Moray stars, and its lower extremity prolonged into a two- 
handed sword, pointing downward. It is conjectured that the stone 
celebrates William or Walter de Moravia, both of whom flourished 
in the thirteenth century. 

Within the church two large monuments in floral architecture 
commemorate James, Marquess of Hamilton, and Archibald 
Douglas, Earl of Forfar. The latter died of wounds received at the 
battle of Sheriffmuir* in 1715. 


P. 465, 1. 2. John Orr, of Barrowfield, died 16th December, 

* For these particulars in connexion with Bothwell parish, we are 
indebted to a Paper contributed by Mr. Joseph Bain to the Society of 
Antiquaries of Scotland. (Proceedings, vol. viii., pp. 395, 403.) 


P. 465, L 23. For Banner, read Banner ; and in following line for 
Brevet-Major John Anstruther read Major John Anstmther Mac- 

P. 477, 1. 17. Michael Scott, author of " Tom Cringle's Log," 
was a native of Glasgow. 

P. 485, 1. 13. For life of Professor Thomas Thomson, M.D., the 
distinguished chemist, see vol. i., p. 135. The professor was interred 
in the Necropolis, Glasgow ; he has no monument in the Dean 
Cemetery, Edinburgh, as has been stated inadvertently. 



At St. Fort in this parish is the ancient burial-vault of the old 
family of Nairne, of Sandford, owners of the estate from the four- 
teenth century till about the year 1717. The founder of the House 
was Alexander Nairne, of Sandford, Lyon King of Arms, and 
Comptroller of the Household of James II. At the entrance of 
the vault a freestone slab, dated 1647, with the family arms, and 
the initials A. N., has the following inscription : 

" Stvip . low . poore . sovle . and . mone . for . sinne . Cry . 
vp . to . Christ . to . bring . the . in That . vhen . the . 
bodie . is . lovdged . heir . Thov . may . inioy . his . preasence . 
deir . Vntil . the . day . of . the . gryte . cal . When . we . 
mvst . rys . to . Jdgmente . al . Then . rewvnytit . we . shal . 
be . To . prais . the . glorivs . Trinitie." 

Alexander Nairne, thus commemorated, obtained a crown charter 
27th July, 1633. His son, Sir Thomas Nairne of Sandford, was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of Horse and member of the Committee of War 


in 1649. On the Restoration he was fined 1,800. The estate of 
Sandford, or St. Fort, is now the property of John Berry, Esq., who 
in 1870 was served heir of line to Sir Thomas Nairne. 



In this churchyard was formerly interred the family of Wyse or 
Wise, of Mains of Thornton, Kincardineshire, and now of Hillbank, 
Forfarshire. On the tombstone of a member of the House who 
died in 1710 are inscribed these lines : 

" Here lyes a person while alive 
His worth I cannot weall describe, 
He was reliever of the poor 
And needy called at his door ; 
Therefor I hope he doth not miss 
For his reward, eternall bliss." 

The individual commemorated was a near relative of David 
Wise, of Mains of Thornton, an opulent and benevolent gentleman, 
who at his death bequeathed funds for behoof of the poor in the 
parishes of Lunan, Montrose, St. Cyrus, and Lauren cekirk. He 
married in November, 1681, Margaret, daughter of Alexander 
Nairne, of Pitbuddo, by whom he had two sons and three daughters. 

David, the eldest son, predeceased his father ; he died in Novem- 
ber, 1712, aged twenty-two. A square stone at the west door of the 
church denotes his place of sepulture. The family of Wise 
is of Norman descent. A chief of the House commanded the 
force by which the Lord of Lome was defeated at Brander-awe 
in Argyllshire, and afterwards fought in the patriotic army 
of Bruce at Bannockburn. Several branches of the family 
acquired lands in the counties of Aberdeen, Nairne, Kincardine, 
and Forfar. In the middle of the seventeenth century the repre- 


sentative of the Kincardineshire branch was Alexander Wyse, 
or Wise, of Mains of Thornton. He was father of David Wise 
formerly named, and grandfather of Alexander Wise, of Lunan, 
whose second wife, Margaret Strachan, was descended from the 
Strachans, Baronets, of Thornton. Their grandson, Thomas 
Alexander Wise, M.D., of Hillbank, is the present representative 
of the family. 


Abbey Craig, 33. 
Abbotshall, Parish of, 65. 
Abercrombie, Alexander, 59. 
Abercrombie, of Birkenbog, 362. 
Abercrombie, General, of Glasshaugh, 278. 
Abercrombie, Parish of, 67. 
Abercrombie, Thomas, of that Ilk, 67. 
Abercromby, Baroness, 59. 
Abercromby, Gen. Sir Ralph, 59. 
Abercromby, George, Baron, 60. 
Abercromby, George Ralph, Baron, 61. 
Abercromby, George, of Tullibody. 
Abercromby, Sir Alexander, 58. 
Abdie, Parish of, 66. 
Abel, Rev. George, 319. 
Aberdalgie, Parish of, 145. 
Aberdeen, Parish of 302, 310. 
Aberdeenshire, 302 346. 
Aberdein, Alexander, 275. 
Aberdour, Parish of, 310. 
Aberdour, Parish of Fife, 69. 
Aberfoyle, Parish of, 146. 
Aberlemno, Parish of, 193 195. 
Abernethy of that Ilk, 358. 
Abernethy, Parish of, 363. 

Aberuthven, Churchyard of, 146. 

Aboyne, Parish of, 311. 

Adam, George, 4. 

Adam, Rev. James, I. 

Adam, Right Hon. "William, 95. 

Adam, Robert, Architect, 4. 

Adam, Robert. 262. 

Adamnan, n. 

Adams, Dr. Francis, 273. 

Adamson, Henry, 181. 

Adamson, John, 48, 191. 

Adamson, Provost James, 181. 

Adamson, Principal, 181. 

Addison, Rev. George, D.D., 243. 

Adrian, Bishop, 74. 

Ailsa, Archibald, 1st Marquis of, 209. 

Airlie, Clementina, Countess of, 207. 

Airlie, David, 7th Earl of, 206. 

Airlie, David, 8th Earl of, 207. 

Airlie, Earls of, 274. 

Airlie, Margaret, Countess of, 207. 

Airlie, Noble Family of, 199, 206. 

Airlie, Parish of, 195. 

Airlie, Walter, 6th Earl of, 206. 

Airth, Parish of, 22. 

Albany, Robert, Duke of, 92. 

Albert, Prince, 178, 272, 310, 314, 346. 

Alexander I., 88. 

Alexander III., 89. 

Alexander, Bishop John, 54. 

Alexander, Charles, 44. 

Alexander, David, of Prtskellie, 200. 

Alexander, Edward, of Powis, 47. 

Alexander, Major, of Tauochy, 361. 

Alexander, Margaret, 335. 

Alexander, Mrs. Esther, 232. 

Alexander, Professor Andrew, 232. 

Alexander, Rev. John, 54. 

Alexander, Rev. Roderick, 6. 

Alexander, Sir James Edward, 47. 

Alexander, Sir William, 43. 

Alison, James, 263. 

Alison, Sir Archibald, Bart., 35, 263. 

Alister, Cam, 326. 

Allan, John, 44. 

Allardice, James, 246, 283. 

Allardice, Robert Barclay, 246, 283, 284. 

Allardice, Sarah Ann, 246, 283. 

Allardyce, Mrs., of Dunnottar, 310. 

Alloa, Parish of, 5261. 

Alness, Parish of, 385. 
2 E 



Alpin, Burial-place of Clan, 147. 
Alpin, Kinu'. 266. 
Alva, Parish of, 23. 

Anderson, Alexander, of Canducraig, 345. 
Andrew, Bishop, 92. 
Anderson, Elizabeth, 354. 
Anderson, George, Luscar, 109. 
Anderson, George, M.P., 110. 
Anderson, James, Justiciary Clerk, 323. 
Anderson, Lord Provost Alexander, 346. 
Anderson, Major John, of Candacraig,345. 
Anderson, Major of Montrave, 139. 
Anderson, Matthew, 108. 
Anderson, Peter, 186. 
Anderson, Professor Adam, 183. 
Anderson, Rev. James, 354. 
Anderson, Rev. John, 364. 
Anderson, Rev. William, 346. 
Andrew, Major, of Tanochy, 361. 
Angus, Archibald, 105. 
Angus, gth Earl of, 288. 
Angus, Mary, Countess of, 51. 
Annand, Alexander, 320. 
Anstruther, Easter, 71. 
Anstruther, Gen. Robert, 67. 
Anstruther, Lieut. Henry, 69. 
Anstruther, Sir Philip, 67. 
Anstruther, Sir Ralph A. 67. 
Anstruther, Wester, 73. 
Appin, Parish of, 14. 
Arbirlot, Pariah of, 196. 
Arbroath, Parish of, 197. 
Arbuthnot, Alexander, 271. 
Arbuthnot, Bailie Robert, 260. 
Arbuthnot, Hugo de, 271. 
Arbuthnot, John, M.D., 342. 
Arbuthnot, Noble House of, 271. 
Aibuthnot, Parish of, 271. 
Arbuthnot, Robert, of Scots mill, 342. 
Arbuthnot, Sir William, 342. 
Arbuthnot, Viscount, 204. 
Archibald, Andrew, 214. 
Archibald, John, 121. 
Ardchattan Priory, 6. 
Areskine, Rev. Henry, 41, 96. 
Argyle, Ducal House of, 9. 
Argyleshire, 6 16. 
Argyll, first duke of, 7. 

Argyll, Marquis of, 9. 

Arkley, David, of Clepington, 262. 

Arkley, Peter, of Dunninald, 208. 

Armstrong, John, M. B. , 403. 

Armstrong, Mrs. of Sark, 404. 

Armstrong, of Mangerton, 404. 

Armstrong, Rev. Robert, 403. 

Armstrong, Rev. William, 403. 

Armstrong, of Sorbietrees, 405. 

Arnhall, Proprietor of, 276. 

Arnot, Rev. Robert, D.D., 107. 

Arnot, Sir John, 85. 

Arnott, Charles, 286. 

Arnott, David Leith, 287. 

Arnott, Ellen, 286. 

Arnott, James, 286. 

Arnott, James Leith, 286. 

Arthur, King, 173. 

Ascog, Churchyard of, 5. 

Assynt, Parish of, 392. 

Atchison, James, Martyr, 276. 

Atheist, A Professed, 98. 

Athole, Dukes of, 34, 150, 151, 160, 173. 

Athole, John, Marquis of, 376. 

Auchterarder, Parish of, 146. 

Auchterhouse, Parish of, 199. 

Auchterlony, Sir James, 281. 

Auchterless, Parish of, 312. 

Auchtermuchty, Parish of, 74. 

Auldbar, Chapel of, 193. 

Badenoch, Dr. James, of Whiteriggs, 287. 

Badenocb, Wolf of, 159. 

Baillie, Colonel, 176. 

Bain, Joseph, Esq., 413. 

Pa'rd, Alexander, of Ury, 284. 

Baird, Andrew, of Auchmedden, 3101 

Baird, George, of Auchmedden, 310. 

Baird, Sir David, 175. 

Bairds, of Newbyth, 310. 

Bairds, of Saughtonhall, 310, 

Bairds, The of Auchmedden, 310. 

Bairds, of Ury, 279. 

Bald, Alexander, 57. 

Bald, Robert, 57. 

Balf our, Bailie James, 217. 

Balfour, Catherine, 131. 



Balfour, David, 131. 

Balfour, Henry, 139. 

Balfour-Ogilvie, Col., 229. 

Bilfour, Provost David. 131. 

Balfour, Eev. Peter, 62. 

Baliol, Edward, 160. 

Ballantyne, Rev. John, 279. 

Ballardie, Thomas, 72. 

Ballingal, Thomas F., 140. 

Ballutheron, Sculptured Stone at, 251. 

Balgonie, Lord, 114. 

Balmerino Abbey, 75. 

Balmerino, Parish of, 75. 

Balmuto, Lord, 295. 

Balquharn, Laird, of 313. 

Balquhidder, Parish of 147. 

Banchory Devenick, Parish of, 271. 

Banchory Ternan, Parish of, 272. 

Banffsbire, 347 362. 

Banner, Major Robert M., 414. 

Barclay, Anne, 282. 

Barclay, Colonel David, of Ury, 281, 282, 

Barclay, David, of London, 280. 

Barclay, David, of Mathers, 281. 

Barclay, David, of Tough, 108. 
Barclay, George, of Mathers, 281. 
Barclay, Robert, Author of "Apology," 282. 
Barclay, Thomas, of Mathers, 281. 
Barclay of Tolly, 350. 

Barclays of Towie, 346. 

Barclays of Ury, 279, 284. 

Barclay, "William, 350. 

Barnard, John, of Ar dross, 101. 

Barrie, John, 255. 

Barron, Mrs. of Barren Hall, 69. 

Barron, Lieut. David, 222. 

Barry, Parish of, 200. 

Barton, Rev. Angus, D. D., 403. 

Baxter, Captain Alexander, 212. 

Baxter, David, no. 

Baxter, Edward, of Kincaldrum, 244. 

Baxter, James, 1 10. 

Baxter, John, 346. 

Baxter, Sir David, Bart., 221. 

Baxter, William Edward, M.P., 244. 

Beat, Rev. William, 104. 

Beaton, Archbishop James, 93, 126. 

Beaton, Cardinal David, 103. 

Beaton, Peter, 61. 

Beattie, Alexander, 293. 

Beattie^George, poet, 299. 

Beattie, James, Lit, D., 309. 

Beattie, James Hay, 309. 

Beaufort, Lady Jane, 179. 

Beaumont, Richard B., 75. 

Begg, Robert, 231. 

Bek, an English Churchman, 36. 

Belhelvie, Parish of, 312. 

Bell, Bessy, 175. 

Bell, Henry, 19. 

Bell, John, Author of " Travels," 24. 

Bell, Rev. William, 163. 

Bell, Thomas, comedian, 164. 

Belliduff, Tumulus at, 173. 

Bellie, Parish of, 363. 

Bellie, Patrick, 292. 

Benholme, Parish of, 274. 

Bennie, Rev. Dr. Archibald, 42. 

Ben vie, Churchyard of, 243. 

Berkeley, Alexander de, 280. 

Berkeley, David de, 280. 

Berkeley, Theobald de, 280. 

Berkeley, Walter de, 180. 

Berrill, Anna, no. 

Bervie, Parish, of 275. 

Bethune, Alexander, 66. 

Bethune, Gen. Sir Henry, 101. 

Bethune, House of, 103. 

Bethune, James, M.D. , 84. 

Bethune, John, 66. 

Bethune, John, of Kilrenny, 103. 

Bethune, Sir John L., Bart., 101. 

Beton, Dr. John, 12. 

Betson, James, of Kilrie, 105. 

Betson, Wilson, of Glasmount, 105. 

Berry, John, of St. Fort, 415. 

Bisset, George, of Lessendrum, 318. 

Bisset, Mauiice George, of Lessendrum, 


Bisset, Sir John, 183. 
Bisset, Bishop William, 319. 
Black, Admiral William, 71. 
Black, Archibald, 5. 
Black, Captain James, 71. 
Black, James, 242. 
Blackadder, Col. John, 45. 



Blackadder, Family of, 194. 

I Hack lord, Parish of 149. 

Blackwell, Principal, 309. 

Blackwood, Rev. James, 140. 

Blaikie, Provost James, 310. 

Blair Athole, Parish of, 150. 

Blair, Dr. Hugh, 134. 

Blair, Rev. Robert, 70. 

Blair, William, of Balgillo, 263. 

Blair's College, 295. 

Boindie, Parish of, 347. 

Borthwick, Lord, 400. 

Borthwick, Parish of, 400. 

Borthwick, Sir John, 93. 

Borthwick, Sir William, 400. 

Boswell, Alexander, 139. 

Boswell, John Irvine, of Balmuto, 295. 

Boswell, Provost Henry, 108. 

Both well, Earl of, 101. 

Bothwell, Patrick, Earl of, 396. 

Botriphnie, Parish of, 347. 

Bourtie, Parish of, 313. 

Bowie's aisle, Stirling, 43. 

Brechin, Parish of, 202. 

Brewster, James, 209. 

Brewster, Rev. George, D.D., 140. 

Brewster, Sir David, 209. 

Bridge of Allan, 35. 

Broadfoot, Provost, 412. 

Brodie, Alexander, sculptor, 3ia 

Brodie, Alex., of Brodie, 371. 

Brodie, Andrew, martyr, 164. 

Brodie, David, of Brodie, 371. 

Brodie, Rev. Joseph, 371. 

Brotherston, Rev. Peter, D.D., 56. 

Brougham, Lord, 95. 

Brown, Bailie George, 213. 

Brown, C. R., Esq , 34. 

Brown, Charles, 113. 

Brown, John, 112. 

Brown, Principal, 309. 

Brown, Rev. James, 104. 
Brown, Thomas, martyr, 125. 
Brown, William, martyr, 276. 
Bruce, Alexander, of Airth, 72. 
Bruce, Alexander, 335. 
Bruce, Alexander, of Rennet, 61. 
Bruce- Gardyne, of Middleton, 238. 

Bruce, House of, 61. 

Bruce, James, 232. 

Bruce, James C., of Balcrystie, 102. 

Bruce, James, The Traveller, 32. 

Bruce, James, of Innerquhomery, 334. 

Bruce, John, no. 

Bruce, Michael, 143. 

Bruce, Onesiphorus Tyndal, 99. 

Bruce, of Longside, 334. 

Bruce, Rev. Alexander, 48. 

Bruce, Rev. Rohert, 31. 

Bruce, Robert, of Kennet, 61. 

Bruce, Sir Alexander, 1 14. 

Bruce, Sir Robert, 23. 

Bruce, Sir William, 113. 

Bruce, The Hon. Col. Robert, 95. 

Bruce, William, of Earlshall, 114. 

Bryce, Rev. Patrick, 204. 

Buchans, of Auchmacoy, 329. 

Buchan, Earl of, 159, 199. 

Buchan, Thomas, of Auchmacoy, 329, 


Buchanan, Dugald, 152. 
Buchanan, George, 29. 
Buchanan, of Leny and Cambusmore, 151. 
Buchanan, Mrs. Catherine, 181. 
Buick, William, martyr, 24. 
Buittle, Parish of, 410. 
Burgh, Aylmer de, 92. 
Burleigh, Baron, 62. 
Burnes, James, 288. 
Burn, John, 32. 
Burns, Rev. John, 98. 
Burns, The Poet, 63, 168, 288. 
Burntisland, Parish of, 77. 
Burnett, Archbishop, 202. 
Burnett, Gen. William, 272. 
Burnet, Rev. Robert, of Sauchine, 273. 
Bute, 1st Earl of, 4. 
Bute, Marquis, of, 4. 
Bute, 3rd Earl of, 4. 
Buteshire, 15. 
Byron, Lord, 321, 394 

Cabrach, Parish of, 348. 
Cairnie, Monument of, 102. 
Caithness, Earls of, 396. 



Callander, Barons of, 27. 

Callander, Parish of, 151. 

Callender, Rev. Richard, 28. 

Callender, Rev. Alexander, 28. 

Cambuskenneth Abbey, 49. 

Cameron, Angus, of Firhall, 355. 

Cameron, Col. John, 380. 

Cameron, James, of Ballenlish, 355. 

Cameron, Major John, C.B., 358. 

Cameron, Fennel, 352. 

Cameron, Sir Ewen of Fasfern, 380. 

Cameron, Une, 282, 283. 

Campbell, Baron, 85. 

Campbell, Captain of Skipness, 8. 

Campbell, of Carradale, 15. 

Campbell, Colin, of Invergregor, 378. 

Campbell, Colin, of Kilmartin, 300. 

Campbell, Francis Garden of Troup, 336. 

Campbell, Helen Cuming, 365. 

Campbell, Isabelle, 149. 

Campbell, John, of Glenorchy, 192. 

Campbell, Monument to Gentlemen of 

name of, 10. 

Campbell, Patrick, of Inverzeldies, 6. 
Campbell, Principal, 309. 
Campbell, Rev. Archibald, 351. 
Campbell, Rev. Colin, 7. 
Campbell, Rev. George, D.D.,85. 
Campbell, Sir Colin, 149. 
Campbell, Sir Islay, 333. 
Campbell, Sir James, Bart., of Aberu- 

chill, 158. 

Campbells, of Dunstaffnage, 15. 
Campbelton, Parish of, 7. 
Camperdown, Earls of, 150. 
Campsie, Parish of, 24. 
Camustane, Hill Cross at, 257. 
Cant, Rev. Andrew, 306. 
Cardney, Bishop, 159. 
Careston, Parish of, 203. 
Carlyle, Alexander, 134. 
Canny Hie, Parish of, 204. 
Carnbee, Parish of, 77. 
Carnegie, of Lower, 227. 
Carnegie, Lady Jean, 150. 
Carnegy, of Balnamoon, 253. 
Carnegy, of Craigo, 246. 
Carnegy, Dean David, 224. 

Carnegy, David, of Craigo, 246. 
Carnegy, John, de, 113. 
Carnegy, Mary, of Craigo, 246. 
Carnegy, Patrick, of Lower, 227. 
Carnegy, Patrick, "Watson, 227. 
Carnegy, Sir David, 113. 
Carnegy, Sir James, of Southesk, 224. 
Carnegy, Sir Robert, 113. 
Carnegy, Thomas, of Craigo, 246. 
Carnock, Parish of, 78. 
Carrick, Robert, of Kilders, 146. 
Carstairs, James, 129. 
Carstairs, John, 130. 
Carstairs, of New Grange, 130. 
Carstairs, Principal William, 130. 
Carstairs, Rev. Dr. Andrew, 107. 
Castletown, Paiish of, 403. 
Cathnic, Robert, 127. 
Cawdor, Parish of, 374. 
Ceres, Parish of, 79. 
Chalmers, Alexander, 72. 
Chalmers, Alexander, do., 312. 
Chalmers, Alexander, of Clunie, 351. 
Chalmers, Barbara, 72. 
Chalmers, Charles, 72. 
Chalmers, Christian, 72. 
Chalmers, Dr. Thomas, 71, 136. 
Chalmers, George, do., 132. 
Chalmers, Rev. James, 72. 
Chalmers, of Hazlehead, 193. 
Chalmers, Rev. Hugh, 356. 
Chalmers, James, 233. 

Chalmers, James, do., 312. 

Chalmers, Jane, 72. 

Chalmers, Jean, 72. 

Chalmers, John, 71. 

Chalmers, of Kirktown, 312. 

Chalmers, Patrick, of Auldbar, 194. 

Chalmers, Patrick, 72. 

Chalmers, William, 72. 

Chalmers, William, of Auldbar, 193. 

Chambers, Robert, LL.D., 138. 

Chapel of Garioch, Parish of, 313. 

Chapman, Robert, no. 

Charteris, Family of, 168. 

Charteris, Margaret, 409. 

Chattan, clan, 382. 

Chiesley, John, of Dairy, 35. 



Chirnsydf, Bailie Jam<s, 402. 
Christie, James, Balbuchlie, 199. 
Christina, Princess, 92. 
Clackmannan, Parish of, 61. 
Clackmannanshire, 52 64. 
Clark, Robert, 185. 
Cleghorn, Dr. llugh, 98. 
Cleghorn, Hugh, of Stravithie, 97. 
Cleland, Col. William, 161. 
Cleland, John, 162. 
Cleland, "William. Jan., 162. 

Clerk, John, of Eldin, 95. 

Clifford, Sir Robert, 50. 

Clugston, Rev. William, 230.' 

Clyde, John, Martyr, 125. 

Cochrane, Jean, 30. 

Cochrane, Lord, 30. 

Collace, Parish of, 152. 

Qollessie, Parish of, 79. 

Colonsay, Parish of, 8. 

Colquhoun, Gen. Dauiel, 209; 

Colquhoun, Sir G. L. A., of Tillyquharn, 


Colquhoun, Sir James, 21. 
Columba, 10, u. 
Combe, George, 91. 
Coming, William, of Achry, 336. 
Comrie, Parish of, 152. 
Corny n, Walter, 187. 
Conolly, Erskine, 74. 
Conqueror, John, 183. 
Con tin, Parish of, 385. 
Cook, David, of Carphin, 82. 
Cook, 1'rofessor George, D.D., 136, 294. 
Cook, Rev. John, D.D., 138. 
Cooper, Family of, 69. 
Cooper, Rev. John, 117. 
Copland, Professor, 310. 
Corbet, Family of, 272. 
Cordiner, Mr. 349. 
Corstorphine, Family of, 106. 
Cortachy, Parish of, 206. 
Coulthart, Alexander, 408. 
Coulthart, Andrew, 410. 
Coulthart, of Coulthart, 408. 
Coulthart, James, 410. 
Coulthart, Jane, 406. 
Coulthart, John Ross, 406. 

Coupar-Angus, Parish of, 153. 

Coupar, Walter, 212. 

Coutts, Eppie, 141. 

Cowan, John, Hospital Founder, 44. 

Cowie, Housiof, 279. 

Cowper, The Poet, 68. 

Crabb, Anne, 249. 

Craig, Parish of, 208. 

Craig, Rev. Robert, 5. 

Craigengelt, of that Ilk, 43. 

Craignish, Parish of, 8. 

Crail, Parish of, 80. 

Cranston, Bishop Robert, 173. 

Crathie and Braemar, Parish of, 314. 

Craw, Paul, Martyr, 126, 

Crawford, Earls of, 266. 

Crawford, Henry, ofSeatoun, 216. 

Crawford, John, 2Oth Earl of, 79. 

Crawford, Noble House of, 82. 

Crawford, Robert, 200. 

Crawford, Sir Raynald,35, 36. 

Crawfurd, Alexander, of Rathen, 341. 

Creich, Parish of, 81. 

Cressingham, Hugh, 36. 

Crichton, David Maitland Makgill, of 

Rankeilour, 85, 115. 
Crieff, Parish of, 155. 
Crimond, Parish of, 316. 
Crombie, Alexander, LL.D., 285. 
Crombie, Alexander, of Phesdo, 285. 
Cromarty, Countess of, 386. 
Crornarty, Earl of, 386. 
Cromarty, Parish of, 386. 
Crombie, John, 86. 
Cruden, Parish of, 316. 
Cruikshank, Elizabeth, 360. 
Cruikshank, James, of Toukshill, 311. 
Cruikshank, Jane, 272. 
Cruikshank, Patrick, of Stracathro, 360. 
Cruikshank, William, 233. 
Cullen, Parish of, 349. 
Cults, Parish of, 82. 
Cuming, Sir Alexander, of Coulter, 339. 
Curning, Alexander, of Craigmill, 365 . 
Cummertrees, Parish of, '406. 
Gumming, of Altyre, 336. 
Gumming, Archibald, of Auchry, 336. 
Cumbray, Parish of, i. 



Cupar, Parish of, 8286. 
Cushnie, Captain, 310. 
Cuthbert, John, of Castlehill, 378. 
Cuthbert, John, of Drakies, 379. 

Dalgety, John, 234. 

Dalgety, Parish of, 86. 

Dalhousie, Earls of, 203. 

Dallas, Parish of, 365. 

Dalton, Parish of, 406. 

Dalzel, Mary Craig, 142. 

Daun, Rev. George, 323. 

Dauney, Rev. Francis, 273. 

David I., 49." 

Davidson, Bailie Robert, 217. 

Davidson, Duncan, of Tilliechetly, 273. 

Davidson, George, of Pettens, 308. 

Davidson, Provost Robert, 303. 

Davidson, Rev. Adam, 222. 

Davidson, Rev. Thomas, 47, 

Davidson, Robert, y r , of Balgay, 218. 

Dean Cemetery, 399. 

Dempster, George, of Dunnichen, 230. 

Dennis cairn, 313. 

Denny, "William, 19. 

Dermock, Bishop Finlay, 156. 

Dick, Robert, Naturalist, 396. 

Dick, Sir Robert, of Tullymett, 162. 

Dick, Thomas, LL.D., 220, 256. 
"Dickson, David, ofWesthall, 85. 

Dickson, William, of Bellwood, 171. 

Dingwall, Parish of, 386. 

Doig, Dr. David, 45. 

Doig, Dame Christian, 224. 

Dollar, Parish of, 62. 

Donaldson, Robert, of Rosebank, 76. 

Dornoch, Parish of, 392. 

Douglas, Bishop John, 273. 

Douglas, Charles Irvine, 97. 

Douglas, Elizabeth Irvine, 97. 

Douglas, Euphemia, 116. 

Douglas, George L. A., 273. 

Douglas, James, Earl of, 116. 

Douglas, John, 81. 

Douglas, John, Talkenhorst, 273. 

Douglas, John, of Tilwhilly, 273. 

Douglas, Lord W. R. K., 97. 

Douglas, Mrs. Hannah, 273. 

Douglas, Sir James, 90. 

Douglas, Sir William, 229. 

Douglas, Sir William, of Glenbervie, 288. 

Drimree, 8. 

Dron, Parish of, 155. 

Drummond, Agatha, 167. 

Drummond, Bishop James, D.D., 316. 

Drummond, Dean, Sir William, 157. 

Drummond, Euphemia, 156. 

Drummond, George, of Blair Drummond, 


Drummond, George Home, 168. 
Drummond, James, Milnab, 15$. 
Drummond, John Lord, 156. 
Drummond, Margaret, 156. 
Drumblade, Parish of, 318. 
Drummond, Queen Annabella, 92, 157. 
Drummond, Sybella, 156. 
Drummond, William of Stirling, 41, 42. 
Drymen, Parish of, 25. 
Duddingstone, Rear- Admiral, 102. 
Duirinish, Parish of, 376. 
Duirs, William, M.D., 294. 
Duff, Admiral Archibald, of Drumuir, 


Duff, Alexander, 387. 
Duff, Alexander, of Braco, 351. 
Duff, Alexander, of Hatton, 311. 
Duff, Alexander, of Keithmore, 356. 
Duff, Colonel Robert W., 278. | 
Duff, of Fetteresso, 278. 
Duff, George, of Hatton, 511. 
Duff, of Hatton, 311. 
Duff, Major Alex, of Cupin, 347-. 
Duff, Patrick, of Coulter, 339. 
Duff, William, of Dipple, 357. 
Duffus, Parish of, 365. 
Dumbarton, Parish of, 18. 
Dumbartonshire, 1721. 
Dumfriesshire, 406409, 
Dun, Parish of, 209. 
Dunaverty, Siege of, 8. 
Dunbar, Archbishop Gavin, 337. 
Dunbar, Emilia, 370. 
Dunbar, of Grange, 367. 
Dunbar, Sir James, of Cumnock, 337. 
Dunblane, Parish of, 156. 



Duncan I., n. 

Duncan, Adam, Viscount, 247 

Duncan, Alexander, 100. 

Duncan, Elizabeth, of Eden Grove, 102. 

Duncan, James, 223. 

Duncan, Jonathan, 223. 

Duncan of Lundie, 247. 

Duncan, person so named, 260. 

Duncan, llev. J., of Dunrossuess, 317. 

Duncan, Rev. Joseph, 104. 

Duncan, Sir "William, M.D., 248. 

Dundas, House of, 27. 

Duudas, Sir James, 24. 

Dundee, Parish of, 210, 221. 

Dundee, Viscount, 30, 243. 87, 150, 

Dundonald, Earls of, 30. 

Dunfermline, Burial Place of Kings at, 

Dunfermline, Earls of, 86. 

Dunfermline, Parish of, 88, 97. 

Dunino, Parish of, 97. 
Dunglass Castle, 19. 
Dunkeld, Parish of, 159. 
Dunmore, George, 5th Earl of, 22. 
Dunnottar, Parish of, 275. 
Dunoon, Parish of, 9. 
Dunstaffnage, 15. 
Durham, Family of, in. 
Durham of Grange, 253. 
Durris, the Clan, 367. 
Dury, Abbot George, 93. 
Dury, John of Dury, 93. 
Duthie, Robert, Poet, 279. 
Duthil, Parish of, 365. 
Dyke and Moy, Parish of, 366. 
Dykes, Rev. John, 71. 
Dysart, Parish of, 98. 

Eassie and Nevay, Parish of, 221. 
Echline, John, Pittadrow, 132. 
Echt, Parish of, 319. 
Edinburghshire, 399 402. 
Edgar, Miss, 293. 
Ldmonstons, Sir Archibald, 30. 
Edmonstone, Archibald, 51. 
Edmonstone, Sir William, 51. 

Edmund, Prince, 89. 
Edward I, 37. 
Edward, Prince, 88. 
Edward, Robert, 291. 
Edzell, Parish of, 223. 
Elchies, Lord, 372. 
Elgin, Charles, 5th Earl of, 94. 
Elgin, Noble House of, 94. 
Elgin, Parish of 366. 
Elginshire, 363 373. 
Elioly, Canon James, 127. 

Elizabeth, Queen of Robert the Bruce, 

Elliot, John, of Binks, 404. 

Elliot, John, of Thorlieahope, 404. 

Ellon, Parish of, 320. 

Elphinstone, Admiral George K., 192. 

Elphinstone, John, of Bellabeg, 319. 

Elphinstone, the Lords, 22, 325, 326. 

Ermengarde, Queen, 75. 

Errol, Earls of, 153, 316. 

Errol, Parish of, 163. 

Erskiue, Charles, 24. 

Erskine, Sir Charles, Bart, 24. 

Erskine, Sir Charles, Bart., of Cambo, 


Erskine, David, 106. 
Erskiue, David, Advocate, 254. 
Erskine, of Dun, 209. 
Erskine, James, of Linlathen, 253, 254. 
Erskine, James, of Grange, 377. 
Erskiue, Penelope, 106. 
Erskine, Rev. Ralph, 96, 182. 
Erskine, Thomas, 106. 
Erskine, Rev. Ebenezer, 40, 41, 142, 


Erskine, Thomas, of Linlathen, 254. 
Erskine, Sir William, 43, 44. 
Ethelred, Prince, 89. 
Ettleton, Churchyard of, 404. 

Fairfowl, Bishop Andrew, 74. 
Fairfull, Rev. John, 74. 
Falconer, Bailie David, 131. 
Falconer, of Glenfarquhar, 285. 
Falconer, Margaret, 288. 
Falkirk, Parish of, 26. 



Falkland, Parish of, 99. 
Farmer, Alexander, 98. 
Farnell, Parish of, 224. 
Farquhar, Gen. William, 183. 
Farquharson, Alexander, of Monaltrie, 


Farquharson, Anne, 314. 
Farquharson, of Auchriachan, 355. 
Farquharson, of Baldovie, 239. 
Farquharson, of Brockdearg, 239. 
Farquharson, Catherine, 315. 
Farquharson, Donald, of Balfour, 332. 
Farquharson, Donald, of Monaltrie, 322. 
Farquharson, Finlay, of Auchriachan, 355. 
Farquharson, Finlay, of Invercauld, 355. 
Farquharson, Frances, of Shields, 322. 
Farquharson, Francis, 314. 
Farquharson, James, Baluabodach, 314. 
Farquharson, James of Bdlnabodach, aud 

Tullochcoy, 315. 

Farquharson, James, of Invercauld, 315. 
Farquharson, James Ross, 315. 
Farquharson, James, of Tullochcoy, 314. 
Farquharson, John, 314. 
Farquharson, John, of Invercauld, 315. 

Farquharson, Lieut-Col., 315. 
Farquharson, Peter, of Tullochcoy, 314. 
Farquharson, Peter, 315. 
Farquharson, Robert, of Allerg, 345. 
Farquharson, Robert, of Breda, 345. 
Farquharson, of Whitehouse, 322. 
Farquharson, William, of Monaltrie, 322. 

Farquharson, William, 314. 

Fearn, Abbey of, 387. 

Fearn, Parish of, 387. 

Fenton, John , of Scrushloch, 244. 

Ferguson, Colonel Robert M., 66. 

Ferguson, Gen. Sir Ronald, 66. 

Ferguson, James, the Astronomer^ 351. 

Ferguson, Professor Adam, 134. 

Fergusson, Rev. David, 95. 

Ferguson, Robert, of Raith, 65. 

Ferrie, William, D.D., 102. 

Ferrier, Miss, 47. 

Ferrier, Professor James S., 137. 

Ferry, David, 74. 

Ferry-Port-on-Craig, Parish of, 99. 

Fettercairn, Parish of, 276. 

Fettercairn, Proprietors of, 276. 

Fetteresso, Parhh of, 278. 

Fife, Earls of, 350, 351, 357. 

Fifeshire, 65141, 414. 

Findlater, Alex Ogilvy, Baron, 349. 

Findlater, House of, 349. 

Findlay, Rev. John, D.D., 183. 

Finella, The Princess, 285. 

Fingal, 388. 

Finhaven, Chapel of, 266. 

Finlayson, Professor James, 157. 

Fion, Walter, 2. 

Fleming, Rev. Robert, 31. 

Flisk, Parish of, 101. 

Fodderty, Parish of, 388. 

Forbes, Bailie Thomas, 390. 

Forbes, Bishop Alexander, 325. 

Forbes, Captain Alexander, of luverer- 

nan, 345.- 

Forbes, Charles, of Auchernach, 344. 
Forbes, of Craigievar, 329. 
Forbes, Gen. David, C.B., 344. 
Forbes, Gen. Nathaniel, of Aucheruach 


Forbes, George, R. N., 330. 
Forbes, John, of Ardmurdo, 325. 
Forbes, John, of Bellabeg, 344. 
Forbes, John, of Newe, 344. 
Forbes, Lord, 226. 
Forbes, Major Alexander, of Invereruan, 

343. 345- 

Forbes, Mrs. Bathia, 350. 
Forbes, Patrick, of Corse, 337. 
Forbes, Professor John, 329. 
Forbes, Rev. Dr. George, 345. 
Forbes, Sir Charles, of Newe, 344. 
Forbes, Sir John H. S., Bart., 277. 
Forbes, Sir William, of Craigievar, 308. 
Forbes, of Waterton, 296, 320. 
Forbes, William, of Callauder, 27. 
Forbes, William, of Corse, 337. 
Fordoun, Parish of, 285. 
Fordyce, of Ardo, 271. 
Forfar, Douglas, Earl of, 413. 
Forfar, Parish of, 227. 
Forfarshire, 193 270. 
Forgan, Parish of, 415. 
Forgaudenny, Parish of, 164. 



Forres, Parish of, 370. 

Forrest, Henry, martyr, 126. 

Forret, David, 84. 

Forret, of that Ilk, 84. 

Forret, Thomas, martyr, 84. 

Forrest, Janet, 307. 

Forrester, George, 216. 

Forrester, Martha, 200. 

Forman, Archbishop Andrew, 92. 

Forman, Bailie Robert, 58. 

Forty, James, 2. 

Forty-Second Regiment, monument to 

Foveran, Parish of, 321. 

Fowlis Easter, Parish of, 231. 

Fowlis Wester, Parish of, 164. 

Fraser, Dr. Andrew, 360. 

Frasers, of Findrack, 327. 

Fraser, James, 213. 

Fraser, Janet, 329. 

Fraser, Rev. Donald, 185. 

Fraser, Rev. William, 56. 

Fraser, Simon, of Beaufort, 376. 

Fraser, Thomas, of Beaufort, 376. 

Fraser, William N., of Tornaveen, 328. 

Frazer, Christian, 341. 

Frazer, Elizabeth, 341. 

Frazer, Sarah, of Memsie, 342. 

Frazer, Sir Alexander, of Philorth, 341. 

Frazer, William, of Memsie, 342. 

Frendraught, Viscount, 86. 

Frew, Rev. Forest, 183. 

Fullarton, of Cowie, 279. 

Fullerton, John, 3, 29. 

Fyfe, Margaret, 242. 

Fyvie, Parish of, 321. 

Fyvie, Lord, 87. 

Gairloch, Parish of, 388. 
Galloway, James, 185. 
Gammel, Gen. Andrew, 287. 
Gammel, James, of Drumtochty, 287. 
Gamrie, Parish of, 350. 
Garden, Margaret, 322. 
Gardyne, David, of Lawtoun, 238. 
Gardyne, of Middleton, 238. 
Gartshore, of that Ilk, 20. 
(Jarvock, Parish of, 288. 

Gask, Parish of, 164. 

Glides, Emilia, 99. 

Gibbon, Margaret, 78. 

Gibson, Col. Thomas, 139. 

Gibson, Sir Alexander, 139. 

Gillanders, Jean, 332. 

Giles, John, 354. 

Gillies, Adam, 203. 

Gillies, Dr. John, 203. 

Gillies, Rev. John, 203. 

Gillespie, Dr. Thomas, 135. 

Gillespie, Principal James, 77. 

Gillespie, Rev. Thomas, 95. 

Gladstone, Anne M'Kenzie, 277. 

Gladstone, Capt. John JkL, 277. 

Gladstone, Robert, 277. 

Gladstone, Sir John, Bart., 276. 

Gladstone, Thomas, 277. 

Glammis, Parish of, 231. 

Glasgow, Parish of, 413. 

Glashan, James, 354. 

Gledinning, Alex., of Ashgrove, 407. 

Gleig, Bishop, 46, 297. 

Gleig, Rev. George Robert, 297. 

Glen, Christian, of Cultra, 76. 

Glen, Robert, 105. 
Glenalmond, Vale of, 177. 
Glenbervie, Barons of, 288. 
Glenbervie, Parish of, 288. 
Glendinning, Alex, of the Isle of Dalton, 

406, 407. 

Glendinning, Sidney, of Seedley, 407 
Glendonwin, Mary, 361. 
Glenisla, Parish of, 235. 
Glennie, Dr. John, 295. 
Glennie, Professor George, 295. 
Glenorchay, Parish of, 9. 
Glenmuick, Tullich, and Glengairn, 

Parish of, 321. 
Glyge, Adam, 287. 
Golspie, Parish of, 392. 
Gordon, Adam, of Cairn field, 360. 
Gordon, Alex. W. S., 361. 

ordon, Alexander, of Cairnfield, 360. 

ordon, Anne, 348. 
jrordon, Barbara, 303. 
Gordon, Benjamin Aburnethie, of Balbi- 

than, 325. 



Gordon, Charles, of Abergeldie. 322. 

Gordon, Charles, Auehlenchries, 317. 

Gordon, Charles N., of Erlemont, 320. 

Gordon, Charles St. Bridget, 355. 

Gordon, Elizabeth, of Cairnfield, 361. 

Gordon, of Ellon, 295. 

Gordon, George, of Hallhead, 320. 

Gordon, George, merchant, 360. 

Gordon, George, of Troquhain, 411. 

Gordon, Gen. John, R. A., 3 19. 

Gordon, Gen. Wm. A., C.B., 355. 

Gordon, Hon. Robert, ofGordotiston, 361. 

Gordon, John, of Avochie, 386. 

Gordon, John, Dumferg, 348. 

Gordon, John, of Gleiibucket, 354. 

Gordon, Lieut-Col. John, 348. 

Gordon, Major, 351. 

Gordon, Major Patrick, 360. 

Gordon, of .New Hall, 278. 

Gordon, Peter, of Abergeldie, 322. 

Gordon, Rev. J. F. S., D.D., 354. 

Gordon, Rev. James, 311. 

Gordon, Rev. Robert, 319. 

Gordon, Sir James, of Gordonstone, 361. 

Gordon, ir Robert, of Gordonstoue, 281. 

Gordon, Sir Wm., of Gordonstone, 361. 

Gordon, "Wil iam, of Glenbucket, 354. 

Gordons of Aberdour, 310. 

Gordons, of Abergeldie, 321. 

Gordons of Gight, 321. 

Gourlay, Patrick, 215. 

Gourlay, "William, of Kincraig, 102. 

Gow, John, 184. 

Gow, John R., 184. 

Gow, Neil, 173. 

Gowrie, James, Earl of, 180. 

Graham, Archbishop Patrick, 51. 

Graham, Mrs. Agnes, 243. 

Graham, of Airth, 254. 

Graham, Barren, of Morphie, 299. 

Graham, of Fintray, 254. 

Graham, Gen. Sir Thomas, 170. 

Graham, Lieut-Gen., 46. 

Graham, of Morphie, 299. 

Grahatn, Rev. James, 29. 

Graham, Sir John de, 26. 

Graham, Sir Robert, of Morphie, 288. 

Grainger, Mrs., 289. 

Grant, Captain John, ofElchies, 371. 

Grant, Captain "William, 365. 

Grant, Capt. George, 384. 

Grant, of Castle'Grant, 365. 

Grant, Col. Sir Maxwell, 366. 

Grant, Donald, of Inverlochy, 356. 

Grant, Ellen, 357. 

Grant, Francis, of Kilgraston, 356. 

Grant, James, of Burahall, 384. 

Grant, James, of Rothiemurchus, 384. 

Grant, James "W., of Elchies, 365, 371. 

Grant, Jean, 313, 391. 

Grant, John Charles, 384. 

Grant, John, of Glenmoriston, 383. 

Grant, John, of Kilgraston, 356. 

Grant, John, of Rothmaise, 318. 

Grant, Joseph, poet, 301. 

Grant, Major, Auchterblair, 365. 

Grant, Patrick, of Glenlochy, 356. 

Grant, Patrick, of Glenmoriston, 384. 

Grant, Simon Fraser, 384. 

Grant, Sir Francis, 356. 

Grant, Sir George Macpherson, 225. 

Grant, Sir Jas. H., K.C.B., 356. 

Grant, Sir James, of Mojnes, 391. 

Grant, of Tullochgorum, 366. 

Grange, Lady, 377. 

Grange, Parish of, 351. 

Gray, Captain Charles, 106. 

Gray, Captain Thomas, 106. 

Gray, David, poet, 20. 

Gray, Graham, of Claverhouse, 150. 

Gray, House of, 127, 231. 

Gray, James, of Auchingiech, 21. 

Gray, John, of Condarot, 21. 

Gray, Mary, 175. 

Gray, Rev. Andrew, 183. 

Gray, tiev. John, 64. 

Gray, "William, 98. 

Gregory, Dr. James, 309. 

Greig, Alexander, 252. 

Greenhill, Alexander, 238. 

Greenhill, Charles, of Fearn, 238. 

Greenhill, James, 238. 

Greenlaw, of that Ilk, 325. 

Guild, Principal William, 305. 

Guillan, Andrew, 125. 

Guthrie, of Guthrie, 359. 



Guthrie, Parish of, 236. 
Guthrie, Person ot the name, 753. 
Guthrie, Rev. James, 40. 
Guthrie, llev. William, 202. 
Gunn, Alex., 396. 
Gunn, the Clan, 395, 396. 
Gunn, Donald, 396. 

Haldane, Friar, 74. 
Haldane, of Gleueagles, 150. 
Halkett, llev. John, 154. 
Halkett, Samuel, 154. 
Halkett, Sir Charles, 94. 
Halliday, Andrew, 352. 
Halkirk, Parish of, 395. 
Halyburtou, James of Pitcur, 219. 
Hamilton, Dukes of, 22. 
Hamilton, James, Marquis of, 413. 
Hamilton, Patrick, 93, 126. 
Hamilton, Rev. George, 116. 
Harlaw, Battle of, 304. 
Harold, Earl, 396. 
Harold's Tower, 396. 
Harris, Parish of, 377. 
Harvey, George, 50. 

Harvey, Sir George, 50. 

Hay, Andrew, of Mountblairy, 359. 

Hay, Andrew of Ranfield, 359. 

Hay, Andrew, of Rannes, 360. 

Hay, Charles, of Rannes, 360. 

Hay, Charles, 237, 

Hay, of Errol, 153. 

Hay, Bishop William, D.D., 378. 

Hay, Farmer, 189. 

Hay, Francis, 276. 

Hay, George of .Rannes, 359. 

Hay, Gilbert de, 153. 

Hay, James of Muldavit, 359. 

Hay, John, of Langshed, 359. 

Hay, Lawrence, martyr, 84. 

Hay, of Meggincb, 170. 

Hay, of Rannes, 359. 

Hay, Sir Edmund, of Lenplum, 359. 

Hay, Sir George, 170. 

Hay, Sir James, Kingask, 1 70. 

Hay, Sir William, of Errol, 359. 

Hay, Sir William, of Locharat, 359. 

Hay, William, of Edderston, 359. 

Hawks-stone, The, 189. 

Haxton, David, Rathillet, 84, 123, 125. 

Heiton, Andrew, 183. 

Henderson, of Fordel, 359, 

Henderson, George, 1 1 7. 

Henderson, Katherine, 343. 

Henderson, Margaret, 76. 

Henderson, Robert, 116. 

Henderson, Sir Thomas, 31. 

Henderson, Rev. Alexander, 37, 319. 

Hendrie, John, 352. 

Henryson, Robert, 92. 

Hepburn, Prior John, 120. 

Hepburn, of Rickarton, 278. 

Herd, David, 296. 

Herd, John, 296. 

Heriot, Rev. Adam, 310. 

Heron, Margaret, 411. 

Heron, Patrick, of Heron, 411. 

Hill, Captain, 141. 

Hill, Dr. George, 134. 

Hogg, Sir Roger, 28. 

Home George, of Kames, 167. 

Home, John, author of Douglas,' 4, 134. 

Honyman, Bishop Andrew, 397. 

Honyman, David, 290. 

Honyman, Rev. Andrew, 291. 

Honyman, Rev. James, 290. 

Hopetoun, Earl of, 114. 

Horsburgh, of Firth, 1 1 7. 

Hume, Joseph, M.P., 258. 

Hunt, William, of Pitteucrieff, 94. 

Hunter, Alexander, of Balskelly, 238. 

Hunter, Alison, 322. 

Hunter, of Burnside, 230, 253. 

Hunter, Dr. John, 135. 

Hunter, James, 185. 

Hunter, Major Thomas, 200. 

Huntingdon, David, Earl of, 115. 

Huntly, Charles, 10th Marquis of, 358. 

Huntly, Earls of, 157, 367 

Huntly, Marquis of, 281. 

Hutchison, David, 100. 

Imlach, Rev. Alexander, 262. 
Inchcolm, Monastery of, 71. 



Inglis Robert, of Kirkraay, 81. 

Ingram, Rev. William, 319. 

Innes, Alexander, Matthie Mill 373. 

limes, of Coxton, 373. 

Innes, of Cowie, 279, 283. 

Innes, of Edingight, 351. 

Innes, Mrs. Elizabeth, M. R., of Xether- 

dale, 356. 

Innes, Gilbert, of Rora, 312. 
Innes, Hugh, of Leichnet, 357. 
Innes, James Rose, 356. 
Innes, John, of Muryfold, 351, 356. 
Innes, Sir James M., of Balveny, 351. 
Innes, Sir R., of that Ilk, 358. 
Innes, Professor Cosmo, 279. 
Innes, of Stow, 312. 
limes, Thomas, of ditto, 351. 

Innes, Walter, Artones, 323. 

Insch, Parish of, 323. 

Inverary, Parish of, 9, 

Inveraven, Parish of, 352. 

Inverkeillor, Parish of, 237. 

Inverness, Parish of, 378. 

Inverness-shire, 376 384. 

Inverury, Parish of, 323. 

lona, Abbey church of, 13. 

lona Club, The, 13. 

lona, Parish of, 10 14. 

Ireland, Alexander, 68. 

Ireland, Rev. Dr. Walter, 343. 

Irvine, Captain Robert, 285. 

Irvine, of Drum, 281, 304, 313, 

Irvine, Sir Alexander, 304. 

Irving, of Bonshaw, 409. 

Irving, Christopher, 409. 

Irving, John, of Boreland, 408. 

Irving, Mary, 409. 

Irwin, Sir William de, 304. 

Jaffray, Provost John, of Dilspro, 307. 

Jaffray, Thomas, of ditto, 307. 

James I., 179. 

James III., monument of, 49. 

James IV., 179. 

Jeffrey, Francis, 369. 

Jobson, Elizabeth, 244. 

Jobson, Family of, 264. 

Jobson, Jane, 264. . 

Johnson, Dr. Samuel, 323, 417. 
Johnston, Robert, 54. 
Johnstone, of Alva, 24. 
Johnstone, Andrew, M.P., 104. 
Johnstone, Janet, 404. 
Johnstone, John, of Graitney, 407. 
Johnstone, of Pitkerrie, 104. 
Johnstone, Robert, of Bick-Kerr, 406. 
Johnstoun, Agnes, 407. 
Jones, Frances, 346. 
Jopp, James, 323. 
Jopp, Provost, 323. 

Kames, Lord, 167. 

Keir, Parish of, 407. 

Keith, Alexander, of Troup, 350. 

Keith, of Auquhorsh, 324. 

Keith, Dr. Alexander, 325. 

Keith Hall and Kinkell, Parish of, 324. 

Keith, Mary, 274. 

Keith, Parish of, 352. 

Keith, Rev. Alexander, 317. 

Keith, Rev. George, 317. 

Keith, Rev. George, S., D.D., 324. 

Keith, Robert, of Polburn, 259. 

Keith, Sir Robert, 350. 

Keith, Sir William, 90. 

Keith, Viscount, 192. 

Kellie, Earls of, 53. 

Kells, Parish of, 410. 

Kelly, Charles, 8th Earl of, 106. 

Kennedy, Bishop James, 51, 117 119. 

Kennedy, Rev. Samuel G., 183. 

Kenneth III., 188, 285. 

Ker, Isobel, 243. 

Kerr, David, of Grange, 254. 

Kerr, Family of, 3. 

Kerr, Rev. Alexander, 351. 

Kerr, Robert, 3. 

Kerr, Thomas, of Grange, 254. 

Kessog, Saint, 21. 

Kettle, Alexander, W. S., 114. 

Kettle, Rev. Thomas, 114. 

Kid, David, 232. 

Kid, John, 256. 

Kidd, Professor, 309. 

Kilbryde, Parish of, 2. 



Kilconquhar, Parish of, 101. 
Kild rummy, Parish of, 325. 
Killean, Parish of, 14. 
Killearn, Parish of, 29. 
Killiecrankie, Battle of, 151. 
Kilmadock, Parish of, 166. 
Kilmalie, Parish of, 380. 
Kilmany, Parish of, 102. 
Kilmichael, Estate of, 3. 
Kilmorie, Parish of, 3. 
Kilmory, Chapel of, 15. 
Kilmuir, Parish of, 381. 
Kilpatrick, Parish of Old, 19. 
Kilpont, Lord, 188. 
Kilrenny, Parish of, 103. 
Kilsyth, Parish of, 30. 
Kincardine-in-Menteith, Parish of, 166. 
Kincardineshire, 271301, 415. 
Kincardine O'Neil, Parish of, 327. 
Kincardine, Parish of, 388. 
Kinfauns, Parish of, 168. 
King Edward, Parish of, 328. 
Kinghorn, Parish of, 105. 
Kingoldrnm, Parish of, 239, 
Kingsbarns, Parish of, 106. 
Kinkaid, of that Ilk, 24. 
Kinloch, David, of Aberbrothie, 211. 
Kinloch, George, 277. 
Kinloch, George Ritchie, 277. 
Kinneff, Parish of, 289. 
Kinnettles, Parish of, 240. 
Kiimaird, Parish of, 169. 
Kinnoull, House of, 1 70. 
Kinnoull, Parish of, 1 70. 
Kinnoull, Thomas, Earl of, 52. 
Kinross, Parish of, 142. 
Kinross-shire, 142144. 
Kintore, Earls of, 285, 324. 
Kirk, Rev. James, 146. 
Kirk, Rev. Robert, 146. 
Kirkcaldy, Parish of, 107111. 
Kirkcudbrightshire, 410. 
Kirkmiehael, Parish of, 355. 
Kirk-Patrick Durham, Parish of, 411. 
Kirk-Patrick Fleming, Parish o r , 408. 
Kirkden, Parish of, 240. 
Kirkintilloch, Parish of, 20. 
Kirkwall, Parish of, 397. 

Knapdale, Parish of South, 15. 

Knockaudo, Parish of, 371. 

Knox, James, 37, 79. 

Knox, John, 37, 184. 

Knox, William, of Common, 105. 

Kynneir, of that Ilk, 211. 

L'Atny, of Dankenny, Family of, 222, 


Laidlaw, William, poet, 385. 
Laing, Alexander, poet, 203. 
Laing, Malcolm, 397. 
Laird, Admiral, of Strathmartin, 249. 
Lairg, Parish of, 393. 
Lamlash, 3. 

Lamont, Rev. David, D.D., 411. 
Lanarkshire, 413. 
Landon, Letitia E., 353. 
Langlands, Rev. Robert, 368. 
Larbert, Parish of, 31. 
Largo, Parish of, in. 
Latheron, Parish of, 395. 
Latto, Alexander, 107. 
Laurencekirk, Parish of, 292, 415. 
Law, Alexander, no. 
Lecropt, Parish of, 172. 
Leith, Ann, 313. 
Leith, Dr. Charles, 286. 
Leith, Elizabeth, 287. 
Leith, James, of Whiteriggs, 286. 
Leith, Janet, 287. 
Leith, John, of Kingudie, 313. 
Leith, Margaret, 287. 
Lennox, Hon. C. S. B. H. K., 24. 
Lennox, the Regent, 120. 
Leochel, Parish of, 329. 
Leslie, Alex., of Kininvie, 357. 
Leslie, of Coburty, 310. 
Leslie, General Alexander, 357. 
Leslie, General David, 69. 
Leslie, George, A.Y., of Kininvie, 357. 
Leslie, George, of Druinrnine, 357. 
Leslie, Isabel, 357. 
Leslie, John, of Kininvie, 357. 
Leslie, Parish of, in. 
Leslie, Rev. James, 372. 
Lethnot and Navar, Parish of 241. 
Lenchars, Parish of, 113. 



Leven and Melville, Earls of, 114, 


Liddel, Marjory, 303. 
Liddell, Duncan, M.D., 303. 
Liddell, D.,2S7. 
Liddesdale, Lord of, 404. 
Liff and Benvie, Parish of, 242. 
Lindores, Abbey of, 115. 
Lindsay, Andrew, of Whisleberry, 291. 
Lindsay, Ann, 354. 
Lindsay of Edzell, 223. 
Lindsay, General Sir Alexander, 186. 
Lindsay, Kev. Davis, 62, 252. 
Lindsay, Roger, 291. 
Lindsay, Sir Alex., of Evelack, 354, 


Lindsay, Sir Walter, of Edzell, 355. 
Lindsay, Sir "William, of Glenesk, 252. 
Lindsay, Sir William, of Rossy, 252. 
Linlithgow, Earls of, 27. 
Lintrathan, Parish of, 244. 
Lismore, Parish of, 14. 
Little Dunkeld, 173. 
Livingstone, family of, 27, 30. 
Lochlee, Parish of, 245. 
Lockhart, Sir George, 377. 
Lockhart, Sir James, of Carstairs, 387. 
Logan, Rev. James, 50. 
Logan, Rev. John, 144. 
Logan, Sheriff, A. S., 50. 
Logie Coldstone, Parish of, 330. 
Logie-Buchan, Parish of, 329. 
Logie, Parish of, 33. 
Logie Pert, Parish of, 246. 
Logie, Rev. Kenneth, 109. * 
Longside, Parish of, 331. 
Longueville, Sir Thomas de, 1 68. 
Lovat, Lords, 376. 
Low, Bishop, 1 1 6. 
Low, Margaret, 296. 
Low, Thomas, 250. 
Lumphanan, Parish of, 335. 
Lumsdaine, of Airdrie, 81. 
Lumsdaine, of Innergellie, 104. 
Lumsdaine, Sir James, 104. 
Lumsdaine, of Lathallan, 102. 
Lumsden, Charles, 327. 
Lumsdens, of Clova, 326. 

Lumsden, Harry, of Cushnie, 326. 
Lumsden, Harry Leith, of Auchindoir, 

Lumsden, James, 326. 
Lumsden, John, of Cushnie, 327. 
Lumsden, John, of Auchendor, 326. 
Lumsden, Katherine, 327. 
Lumsden, Robert, of Cushnay, 326. 
Lumsden, William, of Harlaw, 327. 
Lumsden, William, Titaboutie, 326. 
Lunan, Parish of, 247. 
Lundie and Fowlis, Parish of, 247. 
Ltindin, upright stones at, in. 
Lyall, Robert, 225. 
Lyall, Sir Charles, of Kinnordy, 225. 
Lyell, Alexander, of Gardyne, 240. 
Lyell, Rev. David, 203. 
Lyndesay, Dame Agnes, 1 14. 
Lynedoch, Lord, 170. 
Lyon, Rev. C. J., 118. 
Lyon, Rev. James, D.D., 232. 

Macalister, Colonel Norman, 14. 
Macaulay, Donald, of Lewis, 377. 
Macaulay, Lord, 374, 378. 
Macaulay, Rev. Aulay, 377. 
Macaulay, Rev. John, 378. 
Macaulay, Rev. Kenneth, 374. 
Macaulay, Zachary, 378. 
Macbeth, n, 173.335- 
Macdonald, Allan, of Kingsburgh, 381. 
Macdonald, of Armadale, 381. 
Macdonald, Baron, 383. 
Macdonald, Chief Baron Archibald, 


Macdonald, Col. John, F. R. S., 381. 
Macdonald, Flora, 381, 
Macdonald, Sheriff James, 246. 
Macdonald, Lady Margaret, 383. 
Macdonald, Lord of the Isles, 13. 
Macdonald, Sir Jas., Bart, 382. 
Macdonald, Sir Angus, 13. 
MacDougal, Prior of Ardchattan, 6. 
Macduff, Cross of, 115. 
Macduff, the Thane, 173. 
Macduff, The Clan, 8. 
Macduff, Viscount, 357. 



Macfarlan, Principal, 25. 

Macfarlan, Rev. Duncan, 25. 

McGashan, Rev. John. 23. 

McGibbon, John, 45. 

Macgillivrays, Chief of, 382. 

MacGowan, Major John A., 414. 

Macgregor, Colonel, 148. 

Macgregor, Donald, 148. 

Macgregor, Rob Roy, 148. 

McGuflbg, John, 412. 

McHaffie, John, 2. 

McHardy, William, 355. 

McCheyne, Hev Robert M., 221. 

McCombie, Rev. William, Easter Skean, 


McCulloch, Andrew, of Glastalich, 375. 
McCulloch, Margaret, 375. 
Mclndoe, Archibald, 5. 
Macintyre, Duncan Ban, 9. 
Mclsack, James, 57. 
Mackay, a warrior, 15. 
Mackay, Hugh, 393. 
Mackay, Rev. John, 393. 
Mackay, Rev. Thomas, 393. 
Mackay, The Hon. Sybella, 379. 
Mackay, William, 393. 
McKelvie, Bailie, 412. 
Mackenzie, Abbot, Kenneth, 14. 
Mackenzie, Alex., of Coul, 390. 
Mackenzie, Dr. George, 389. 
Mackenzie, Hon. Colin, 389. 
Mackenzie, Lord, of Kintail. 390. 
Mackenzies. ofSeaforth, 388. 
Mackenzie, Rev. James, 375. 
Mackenzie, Rev. James, 96. 
Mackenzie, Sir George, 386. 
Mackenzie, Rev. William, 394. 
Mackenzie, Sir John, 386. 
Mackintosh, Capt. John, of Ktllachie, 


MacKinnon's Cross, 13. 
Mackintosh, Laird ef, 382. 
Mackintosh, Sir James. 382. 
Maclagan, Donald S., of Glenquiech, 186. 
Maclaren, James, 102. 
McLea, Rev. Archibald, D.D., 5. 
Maclean, Chief of, 313. 
McLean of Coll, 12. 

Maclean, of Dowart, 12, 304, 

Maclean's Grave, 313. 

McLean, of Gruliu, 13. 

McLean, of Loch Buy, 12. 

McLean, Rev. James, 353. 

Maclean, of Ross, 14. 

MacLeod, Lord, 176. 

Macleod, of Macleod, 14. 

Macleods, of Asyut, 392. 

Macleods, of Lewis, 392. 

Maclean's Cross, n. 

MacMullen, The sept, 16. 

Macmillan Cross, The, 15. 

Macmillan, Rev. John, 48. 

McMillan, Robert, 411. 

McNaught, Jane, 410. 

McPherson, Dr. John, 374. 

Macpherson, George, 319. 

McQuarrie, of Ulva, 13. 

MacQueen, Donald, 382. 

McTurk, Grizel, 410. 

Macvicar, Provost Archibald, 153. 

Mac William, Rev. James, 327. 

Magus, Muir, 124. 

Maiden's Stone, The, 61. 

Mains and Strathmartin, Parish of, 


Malcolm Canmore, 88. 
Malcolm II., 293, 231. 
Malcolm IV., 89, 153. 
Mar, John Francis, 15th Earl of, 52. 
Mar, noble Family of, 52. 
Maces, silver, 118. 
March, Robert, Earl of, 120. 
Margaret, (Tudor), Queen, 179. 
Marishal, Earls, 120, 274, 275, 280, 350. 
Marnoch, Parish of, 356. 
Marochetti, Baron, 310. 
Marshal, Lord Provost, 178. 
Marshall, John, of Rosemount, 186. 
Marshall, William, 373. 
Marshall, William Calder, 258. 
Martin, James, 99. 
Martin, Thomas, 117. 
Martin, William, 339. 
Martin's, St., Cross, n. 
Martyr's Monument, 126. 
Maryculter, Parish of, 295. 



Marykirk, Parish of, 297. 

Mary ton, Parish of, 252. 

Matildas, Princess, 92. 

Mathew, Alexander, 76. 

Mathers, Thomas, poet, 69. 

Mather, John, 152. 

Maule, Col. the Hon. Lauderdale, 266. 

Maule, Thomas, 200, 213. 

Maule, William Ramsay, 202. 

Maxton, Rev. James, 56. 

Maxwell, of Glenlee, 155. 

Maxwell, of the Grove, 155. 

Maxwell, of Munches, 155. 

Maxwell, Sir "William Stirling, 172. 

Mearns, Rev. Alexander, 323. 

Meigle, Parish of, 173. 

Meiklejohn, Lieut. Hugh, 18, 345. 

Meiklejohn, Rev. Jehn, 345. 

Meldrum, House of, 313. 

Meldrum, Rev. Dr. George, 356. 

Melvill, John, of Raith, 109. 

Melville, Sir James, of Hallhill, 79. 

Melville, Henry Viscount, 152. 

Melville, Rev. Andrew, 39. 

Menzies, Gilbert of Pitfoddles, 303. 

Menzies, Isabella, 186 

Menzies, John, of Fern Tower, 59. 

Menzies, John, of Pitfoddles, 295. 

Menzies, Professor John, 308. 

Menzies, of Maryculter, 295. 

Menzies, Sir Alexander, of Castle 

Menzies, 192. 

Menzies, Sir Paul, of Kilmundy, 303. 
Menmuir, Parish 0^,253. 
Menteith, Earls of, 187, 188, 283. 
Mercer, of Aldie, 180. 
Methven, Lord, 179. 
Methven, Parish of, 175. 
Midmar, Parish of, 335. 
Middleton, Rev. John, 342, 
Mill, Walter, martyr, 247. 
Mille, Gilbert, 264. 
Miller, Hugh, 386. 
Milne, Alexander, 213. 
Milne, of Kirstare, 347, 353. 
Milne, John, Surgeon, 347. 
Milne, Rev. William, 293. 

VOL. II. 2 

Milner, Peter, 329. 

Milport, Churchyard of, 5. 

Mitchell, Duncan Forbes, of Thanestone, 


Moir, of Leckie, 46. 
Molio, St., 3. 
Mollison, Gilbert, 282. 
Molison, James, 242. 
Monan, St., 68. 
Monboddo, Lord, 285. 
Moncreiff, Rev, Archibald, 149. 
Moncrieff, Rev. William, 55. 
MoncreifF, Sir Hugh, 149. 
Moncrieff, Sir William, 149. 
Moncrieff, William, of that Ilk, 150. 
Monfichet, Richard de, 153. 
Monifieth, Parish of, 253. 
Monimail, Parish of, 114. 
Monikie, Parish of, 257. 
Monivaird, Parish of, 1 75. 
Monro, Dean, n. 
Monro, Sir Robert, Bart, 26. 
Monquhitter, Parish of, 336. 
Monypenny, David, of Pitmilly, ro6. 
Monypenny, W. T., of Pitmilly, 106. 
Montford, Earls of, 166. 
Montgomery, Henry, 107. 
Montgomery, Sir James, 387. 
Montrose, Ducal House of, 146. 
Montrose, James, 2nd Marquis of, 149. 
Montrose, James, 3rd Duke of, 146. 
Montrose, Parish of, 258. 
Monzie, Parish of, 177. 
Moodie, John of Arbikie, 237. 
Moodie, Rev, Robert, D.D., 62. 
Moore, Sir John, 67. 
Moravia, Andrew de, 366. 
Moravia, Walter de, 413. 
Moray, Francis, 9th Earl of, 166. 
Moreville, House of, 271. 
Morison, Margaret, 378. 
Morison, Major James, of Greenfield, 54. 
Morrison, Bethune, J. W., of Falfield 


Morrison, Family of, 76. 
Morrison, Mary, 278. 
Mortlach, Parish of, 356. 



Morton, Betty, 93. 

Morton, Earls of, 69. 

Morton, James, Earl of, 70. 

Moaswald, Parish of, 408. 

Mowat, James, of Airdo, 307. 

Mowat, James, of Logie, 307. 

Moyes, Robert, 70. 

Muckhart, Parish of, 1 78. 

Muckersie. Rev. James, 55. 

Muckersie, Rev. John, 55. 

Mudie, Mrs. Hay, 238. 

Mugdrum, Cross of, 115. 

Mundy, Ann, 334. 

Mann, Provost, Dugald, 5. 

Munro, Christian, 390. 

Munro, Clan of, 388. 

Munro, Major Alexander, 47. 

Munro, Sir Thomas, of Lindertis, 239. 

Murray, Earl of, 50. 

Murray, Frances, 402. 
Murray, of Ochtertyre, 176. 
Murray, Patrick, 186, 187,. 
Murray, Regent Andrew, 389. 
Murray, Sir Andrew, of Arngask, 190. 
Murray, Sir David, of Gospertie, 190. 
Murray, Sir James, of Tibbermuir, 191. 
Murray, Sir David, of Cask, i. 
Murray, Sir John, of Black Barronie, 402. 
Murray, Thomas Randolph, Earl of, 92. 
Murdoch, Rev. John, 354. 
Mure, Queen Elizabeth, 179. 
Mure, Sir Adam, 179. 
Mureson, Andrew, 218. 
Murroes, Parish of, 262. 
Muschet, House of, 153, 166, 167. 
Muschet, John, S.,M.D.,of, Birkhill,i67. 
Mylne, Rev. Andrew, D.D., 64. 
Mylne, John, M.P., 181. 
Mylne, Robert, 180. 
Myreton, Helen, 131. 

Nairn, Parish of, 374. 
Nairn, Rev. Dr. James, 117. 
Nairne, Alexander, of Sandford, 414. 
Nairne, Baroness, 164. 
Nairne, Sir Thomas, 414. 
Nairnshire, 374, 375. 

Napier, Gordon Charles, of Erlemont, 320. 

Napier, Robert, of Shandon, 19. 

Newark, Barons of, 68. 

Newbattle, Parish of, 400. 

Nowburgh, Parish of, 115. 

Newton, Lord, 237. 

Newton, Sir Isaac, 7. 

Newtyle, Parish of, 263. 

Nicol, John, 195. 

Nicol, Robert, 68. 

Nicolson, Bishop, 361,362. 

Nicolson, Thomas, of Kemnay, 362. 

Nigg, Parish of, 388. 

Northesk, Noble House of, 237. 

Oathlaw, Parish of, 265. 

O'Brian, James, 282. 

Ochterlony, Hannah, 261. 

Ochiltree, Michael, 156. 

Ogilvie, Charlotte, Lady, 248. 

Ogilvie, George, of Barras, 289. 

Ogilvie, Lady Margaret, 274. 

Ogilvy, Ann, 314. 

Ogilvy, of Boyne, 347. 

Ogilvy, Captain John, 206. 

Ogilvy, Col. Balfour, 229. 

Ogilvy, David, 207. 

Ogilvy, Hon. Donald, of Clova, 207. 

Ogilvy, House of, 347. 

Ogilvy, Isabel, 232. 
Ogilvy, James Lord, 274. 
Ogilvy, Lady Jane, 249, 
Ogilvy, Sir George, 275. 
Ogilvy, of Tannadice, 229. 
Olave, a Dane, 8. 
Old Machar, Parish of, 337. 
Oliphant, Carolina, 164. 
Oliphant, James Blair, 145. 
Oliphant, of Newton, 145. 
Oliphant, Sir Walter, 145. 
Oliphant, Sir William, 145. 
Oliphant, T. L. Kington, Esq., 145. 
Oram, St. 8, ir, 13. 
Orkney, 397, 398. 
Orkney, Ronald, Count of, 395. 
Orlands, St., Stone, 231. 
Oronsay, Island of, 8. 



Orr, John, of Barrowfield, 413. 
Osborne, Principal, 309. 
Ossian's Stone, 177. 
Ouchterlony, of the Guynd, 267. 
Ouchterlony, Margaret, 267. 

Palmer, Mary, 409. 

Panmure, Baron, 203, 257, 266. 

Panmure, Earls of, 266, 312. 

Panbride, Parish of, 266. 

Panter, "Walter, 198. 

Parish, Henrietta, 208. 

Park, Eev. John, D.D., 138. 

Paton, Col. Robert, 68. 

Paton, James, of Glenalmond, 171. 

Paton, James, Jun., of Glenalmond, 187. 

Paterson, Alexander, 254. 

Patterson, Col. William, 240. 

Patterson, Eev. John B., 27. 

Pattullo, Family of, 263. 

Peebles, Rev. Adam, 183. 

Peebles, Charles, 249. 

Peel, Sir Robert, 230. 

Perth, Earls of, 153. 

Perth, Parish of, 178, 187. 

Perthshire, 145, 182. 

Peterculter, Parish of, 339. 

Petty, Parish of, 382. 

Philp, Robert, 109. 

Pierson, of Balmadies, 267. 

Pitcairn, Dr. Alexander, 129. 

Pitcairn, Robert, Sec of State, 92. 

Pitsligo, Parish of, 340. 

Pittenweem, Parish of, 116. 

Pitulloch, Andrew, 84. 

Playfair, Col. Sir Hugh L., 120, 139. 

Play fair, Lieut. William D., 120. 

Playfair, Rev. James, D.D., 137. 

Pool, Janet, 406. 

Portmoak, Parish of, 142. 

Port-of-Monteith, Parish of, 187. 

Preston, Sir John, 133. 

Preston, William, 133. 

Primrose, Lady, 381. 

Primrose, Rev. John, 352. 

Pringle, Rev. Alexander, D.D., 183. 

Proctor, David, 232. 

Proctor, George, 232. 

Proctor. John, 232. 

Proctor, Patrick, 232. 

Proctor, Robert, W. S., 232. 

Proctor, Thomas, 232. 

Proctor, William David, 232. 

Purvis, Alexander, of Kinaldy, 98. 

Raiker, Rev. Thomas, 265. 

Rait, of Hallgreen, 281. 

Ramsay, Captain Thomas, R.M., 272. 

Ramsay, Captain William Burnett, 272. 

Ramsay, Elizabeth, of Baldovy, 239. 

Ramsay, George, 76. 

Ramsay, John, of Ochtertyre, 17, 168. 

Ramsay, Margaret, 218. 

Ramsay, Rev. Andrew, 65. 

Ramsay, Sir Andrew, 65. 

Ramsay, Sir Alexander, of Balmain, 272. 

Randall, Rev. Thomas, 47. 

Rankine, James, of Coldun, 142. 

Rannie, David, 276. 

Rathen, Parish of, 341. 

Rathven, Parish, of, 359. 

Rayne, Parish of, 342. 

Reay, Parish of, 396. 

Reay, John, Lord, 379. 

Redgorton, Parish of, 188. 

Reid, Dr. John, 136. 

Reid, Hellen, 354. 

Reid, of Newmills, 326. 

Reid, Professor Thomas, 273. 

Reid, Rev. James, 273. 

Reid, Rev. Robert, 273. 

Reid, Rt. Hon. Sir John, of Barra, 354. 

Reid, Thomas, of Pitfoddles, 273, 

Rennie, David, 254. 

Renny, John, 341. 

Renwick, James, martyr, 40. 

Resby, John, martyr, 126. 

Rescobie, Parish of, 266. 

Restennet, Priory of, 230. 

Richard, of Inverkeithing, 71. 

Richardson, Sir Andrew, 75. 

Richmond, Duke of, 355. 

Robb, Rev. John, 163, 

Robert II., 4. 



Robert III., 116. 

Robert the Bruce, 4, 15, 50, 90 92, 169. 

Robertson, Ann, 227. 

Robertson, Deacon Andrew, 96. 

Robertson, Dr. Alexander, 183. 

Robertson, Dr. Joseph, 317, 329. 

Robertson, Dr. Robert, 154. 

Robertson, Janet, 133. 

Robertson, Joseph, 329. 

Robertson, Rev. Professor James, D.D., 


Robertson, Rev. John, D.D., 137. 
Roche, John, 211. 
Rochead, J. T., 34. 
Rodger, John, St. Monance, 68, 
Roger, Bailie "William, 212. 
Roger, Family of, 195. 
Roger, George, 212. 
Roger, Janet, 47. 
Roger, Rev. James, 98. 
Rollanl, Adam, of Cask, 94. 
Rollo, James, Lord, 102. 
Rose, Bailie Alexander, 379. 
Rose, David, of Earls' mill v 374. 
Rose, John, of Broadley, 374. 
Rose, of Kilravock, 369, 374. 
Rose, Major James, of Kilravock, 375. 
Rose, Sir James, 316. 
Rosemarkie, Parish of, 389. 
Ross, Alexander, Poet, 245. 
Ross, and Cromarty, Shires of, 385 391. 
Ross, Elizabeth, 227. 
Ross, Francis, of Auchlossan, 22?. 
Ross, Gen. the Hon. Charles, 387. 
Ross, General Sir John, 183. 
ROBS, George, Lord, 387. 
Ross, Hercules, of Rossie, 208. 
Ross, Hon. Grizel, 387. 
Ross, House of, 387 . 
Ross, John Leith, of Arnage, 320. 
Ross, Katharine, 353. 
Ross, Margaret, 256. 
Ross, Professor John, 363. 
Ross, Sir George Lockhart, of Balna- 

gowan, 387. 
Ross, Sir John, 1 86. 
Ross, Sir John Lockhart, of Balnagowan, 

Ross, Thomas, of Morenge, 375. 
Ross, William, M.D., 320. 
Ross, "Win. Poet, 388. 
Rothes, George, 4th Earl of, 367. 
Rothes, John, Duke of, in. 
Rothes, Parish of, 372. 
Rothesay, Duke of, 116. 
Rothesay, Parish of, 3. 
Rothes, Earls of, 101, 112. 
Row, Rev. John, 78, 95. 
Rowland, Katharine, 305. 
Roxburghe, Duke of, 367. 
Roxburghshire, 403 405. 
Ruddiman, Thomas, 292. 
Ruglyn, William, 121. 
Russell, James, martyr, 275, 276. 
Russel, Rev. John, 47. 
Russell, Mary, 63. 
Rutherford, Samuel, 128. 
Rymour, William, 86. 

Saddell, Parish of, 15. 

Sandford, Sir Daniel K., 5. 

Sangster, Rev. Henry, 183. 

Schaw, William, 93. 

Scheppart, Rev. Andrew, 212. 

Scone, Parish of, 190. 

Scoonie, Parish of, 139. 

Scot, David, of Scotstarvet, 104. 

Scott, Alexander, 254. 

Scott, David, of Dunninald, 208. 

Scott, Gen., of Balcomie, 81, 104. 

Scott, James, of Logic, 259. 

Scott, Michael, 414. 

Scott, Rev. William, 82. 

Scott, Robert, Mylnedene, 83. 

Scot, Sir John, of Scotstarvet, 104. 

Scott, Sir Walter, 68, 115, 178, 264. 

Scotts, of Benholm, 274. 

Scougal, Professor Henry, 302. 

Scrogie, Bishop William, 18. 

Scougal, Bishop Patrick, 302, 308. 

Scrimgeour, Wedderburn, of Birkhill, 


Scrymgeour, Provost John, 216. 
Scrymgeours, of Dudhope, 244. 
Scrymgeour, Hugh, of Balrymont, 132. 



Seafield, Earls of, 360, 365, 371. 

Seton, Alexander, 86, 367. 

Seton, George, Lord, 86. 

Seton, George, of Potterhill, 171. 

Shadwell, sculptured stone at, 389. 

Shand, Sir Charles Farquhar, 297. 

Shand, Rev. James, 297. 

Shank, Henry, of Castlerig, 294. 

Sharp, Andrew, 171. 

Sharp, Archbishop, 122, 124, 129, 290, 

338, 397- 

Shaw, Rev. Lachlan, 369. 
Shevez, Archbishop William, 126. 
Shisken, clachan, of, 3. 
Sibbald, Dr. Patrick, 307. 
Sibbald, Sir James, Bart., 208. 
Sim, of Greenlawhill, 200. 
Sim, Rev. David, 200. 
Simson, Thomas, 211. 
Sinclair, Bishop, I6o. 
Sinclair, Lady Amelia, 315. 
Sinclair, Sir John, Bart., 396. 
Skene, Dr. Alexander, 118. 
Skene, George, of Skene, 342. 
Skene, Parish of, 343. 
Skinner, Bishop, 333. 
Skinner, Rev. John, poet, 331. 
Sleat, Parish of, 382. 
Small, George, 275. 
Small, Rev. Alexander, D.D., 48, 101. 
Small, Robert, 264. 
Smellie, Alexander, 399. 
Smellie, William, 399. 
Smith, Elizabeth, 329. 
Smith, Peter, of Aldie, 317. 
Smith, Rev. Joseph, 405. 
Smith, Robert G., of Gibliston, 77. 
Smith, William, of Forret, 237. 
Smollett, Tobias, M.D., 17, 18. 
Smyth, Agnes, 321. 
Somerled, 4. 

Somerville, Rev. James, D.D., 48. 
Southesk, House of, 224. 
Spalding, Professor William, 136. 
Spark, Rev. Robert, 293. 
Spens, Dr. Hugh, 119. 
Spens, Nathaniel, of Sanquhar, 86. 
Spence, Family of, 195. 

Spence, Robert, 236. 
Spence, of Wormiston, 115, 338. 
Spittal, Robert, 44. 
Stanley, Montague, 5. 
Stark, Family of, 76. 
St. Andrews Lhlanbryde, 373. 
St. Andrews, Parish of, 117139. 
St. Cyrus, Parish of, 298. 
St. Fergus, Parish of, 342. 
St. Madoes, Parish of, 189. 
St. Ninians, Parish of, 50. 
St. Skeoch, Churchyard of, 209. 
St. Vigeans, Parish of, 268. 
Steell, John, sculptor, 151, 162, 310. 
Stephen, Sylvester, 254. 
Stevens, Charles, 294. 
Steward, The High, 4. 
Stewart, Alex., Duke of Albany, 367. 
Stewart, Alexander, 159. 
Stewart, Archbishop James, 126. 
Stewart, George, of Tanochy, 361. 
Stewart, Mrs. Cochrane, 114. 
Stewart, Patrick, of Tanochy, 361. 
Stewart, Professor, 309. 
Stewart, Sir John, 26. 
Stewart, Sir John, Bart., 114. 
Stewart, William, 5. 
Stewart, James, 199. 
Stewarts, of Inchbreck, 288. 
Stewarts, of Invernahyle, 15. 
Stewarts, of Lome, -237. 
Stirling, Archibald, of Keir, 172. 
Stirling Bridge, Battle of, 35. 
Stirling, Earl of, 43. 
Stirling, Elizabeth, 172. 
Stirling, Hannah, '172. 
Stirling, John, of Kippendavie, 158. 
Stirling, of Keir, 156. 
Stirling, Parish of, 37 50. 
Stirling, Patrick, 158. 
Stirling, Rev. Robert, 158. 
Stirlingshire, 22 51. 
Strathearn, Earls of, 156. 
Strathblane, Parish of, 51. 
Strathmiglo, Parish of, 140. 
Strathmore, Earls of, 199, 232. 
Strachan, Baronets of Thornton, 280, 296, 



Strachan, Bessie, 350. 

Strachan, Catherine, 275. 

Strachan, Parish of, 300. 

Strachan, Eev. James, 352. 

Strachan, Sir Francis, 353. 

Strachan, Sir Hugh, 353. 

Strachan, Lady, 296. 

Strathdon, Parish of, 343. 

Straton, Alexander de, 299. 

Straton, Alexander, 299. 

Straton, Joseph, ofKirkside, 299. 

Straton, of Laurieston, 281, 299. 

Straton, Mrs. Janet, of Kirkside, 298. 

Straton, Sir Joseph, 298. 

Strichen, Parish of, 346. 

Stromness, Parish of, 397. 

Strong, John, of Rennyhill, 104. 

Stobie, Adam, of Luscar, 78. 

Stot, John, martyr, 276. 

Stuart, Alexander, W. S., 345. 

Stuart, of Aucharme, 354. 

Stuart, Elspet, 355. 

Stuart, John, LL.D., 354. 

Stuart, John, Rosarie, 348. 

Stuart, Mary, 51. 

Stuart, of Orden, 347. 

Stuart, Eev. James, 347. 

Stuart, William, Ballentrewan, 355. 

Sturm, Alexander, 358. 

Sturm, James, 358. 

Sutherland, Cormack, 395. 

Sutherland, Earl of, 27. 

Sutherland, Earls of, 337, 392. 

Sutherland, George, ist Duke of, 392. 

Sutherland, George, 2nd Duke of, 392. 

Sutherlandshire, 392 396. 

Swan, Rev. David, D.D., 140. 

Swan, Rev. Robert, 68. 

Sword, Andrew, martyr, 125. 

Sword, John, 132. 

Sword, Provost James, 132. 

S} mere, of Balzeordie, 224. 

Symson, Rev. James, 109. 

Tait, Archbishop Campbell, 63, 333. 

Tait, Colonel T. F., C.B., 63. 

Tait, Crawford, of Harviestoun, 62, 333. 

Tait, Duncan, 3. 

Tait, George, Edinburgh, 334. 

Tait, George, Redbog, 333. 

Tait, John, 333. 

Tait, John, Buittle, 410. 

Tait, John, of Miltown Park, 410. 

Tait, Thomas, 333. 

Tait, William, 333. 

Taylor, of Borrowfield, 296. 

Taylor, David, 182. 

Taylor, of Kirkton Mill, 296. 

Tawse, Rev. Andrew, 330. 

Tennant, Captain John, 1 10. 

Tennant, Professor William. 72. 

Thorn, William, poet, 220. 

Thomas, James, 171. 

Thomson, Alexander, ofBanchory, 272. 

Thomson, Professor Thomas, M.D., 


Thomson, Rev. William A., 183. 
Thomson, Rev. James, of Newton, 368. 
Thomson, Rev. Thomas, 399. 
Thomson, Rev. John, of Duddingston, 


Thomson, Thomas, 399. 
Thomson, William, 74. 
Thurburn, James, of Smailholm, 353. 
Thurso, Parish of, 396. 
Thurburn, Rev, John, 353. 
Tibbermuir, Parish of, 191. 
Tongue, Parish of, 394. 
Topp, Margaret, 311. 
Torrens, Gen. Sir Henry, 68. 
Tony, Bishop, 187. 
Torryburn, Parish of, 141. 
Trail, Family of, 131. 
Trotter, Alison, 98. 
Tufton, Lady Mary, 248. 
Tulliallan, Parish of, 192. 
Tullideph, Walter, 249. 
Tulloh, Elizabeth, 365. 
Turnbull, John, of Stracathro, 209. 
Turner, Euphemia, 330. 
Turpie, Alison, 142. 
Turriff, Parish of, 346. 
Tyries, of Nevay, 222. 
Tytler, Family of, 335. 
Tytler, of Woodhouselee, 336. 



Udny, of UJtiy, 321. 

Ugadale, Lands of, 15- 

Ulrich, a Dane, 8. 

Ure Provost, 229. 

Urquhart, Elizabeth, of Meldrum, 319. 

Urquhart, John, Tutor of Cromarty, 328. 

Urquhart, Parish of, 383. 

Urquhart, Thomas, of Kinundie, 390. 

"Waddel, John, martyr, 125. 

Waddell, William, 243. 

Wallace, National Monument to, 33. 

Wallace, Sir William, 26, 3337. 

Wallace, Statue of, 37. 

Walter, the High Steward, 4. 

Wan, John, 76. 

Waters, Rev. Thomas, 56. 

Watson, George, 363. 

Watson, Hugh, Keillor, 263. 

Watson, James, martyr, 276. 

Watson, Marjory, 215. 

Watson, Rev. John, 64. 

Watson, Robert, 411. 

Watt, Isaac, of Logie, 243. 

Watt, Major Alexander, 242. 

Watt, Janet, 55. 

Wardlaw, Lady, 94. 

Wardlaw, Sir Henry, 94. 

Webster, James, of Balruddery, 243. 

Wedderburn, Alexander, of Blackness, 


Wedderburn, Alexander, of Powrie, 214. 
Wedderburn, Rev. James, 83. 
Weem, Parish of, 192. 
Wellington, Duke of, 26. 
Well wood, Rev. Sir Henry Moncreiff }i i5o. 
Welsh, Alexander, 400. 
Welsh, Josias, 400. 
Welsh, Rev. John, 400. 
Welsh, Walter, of Lochquareat, 400. 
Wei wood, Rev. James, 155. 
Wemyss, James, of Bogie, 107. 
Westray, Parish of, 398. 
White, Thomas, 222. 
Whi thorn, Parish of, 412. 
Whyte, Robert, of Pouran, 108. 
Wick, Parish of, 396. 
"Wigtonshire, 412. 
Wilkie, Principal Robert, 323. 

Wilkie, Principal James, 323. 
Wilkie, Professor William, 133. 
Wilkie, Rev. David, 82, 134. 
Wilkie, Sir David, 82, 134. 
William the Lion, 197. 
Williamson, Provost John, 108. 
Wilson, Bishop, LL.D., 333. 
Wilson, David, of Inchyre, 117. 
Wilson, George, 351. 
Wilson, Gilbert, 182. 
Wilson, John, 133. 
Wilson, Major David, 94. 
Wilson, Margaret, martyr, 40 42. 
Wilson, Rev. John, D.D., 48. 
Wilson, Rev. David, 337 
Wilson, Rev. Williaw, 55, 181. 
Wishart, George, martyr, 121, 126, 285. 
Wishart, Jean, 311. 
Wishart, Laird of Myre ton, 61. 
Wishart, of Pitarrow, 286. 
Wishart, Professor James, 260. 
Wise, Alex., of Lunan, 416. 
Wise, of Mains of Thornton, 416. 
Wise, Thomas Alex. M.D., of Hillbank, 


Wolf, of Badenoch, 366. 
Wood, of Bonnington ; 281. 
Wood, James, 2. 
Wood, Professor James, 128. 
Wood, Sir Andrew, in. 
Wood, William, 131. 
Wright, James, of Loss, 44. 
Wright, Rev. George, D.D., 48. 
Wyllie, Sir James, 62. 
Wyllie, William, 62. 
Wyllie, John, 76. 
Wynram, John, 121. 
Wyse, Alex., of Mains, 416. 
Wyse, Family, of, 416. 

Yeman, David, 215. 

Young, Emmanuel, 121. 

Young, John, of Bellwood, 183. 

Young. John, of Stank, 292. 

Young, Nathaniel, 100. 

Young, Sir Peter, 268. 

Young, William, of Fawsyde, 292. 

Zetland, Earls of, 27. 






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